Sample records for tons mm mm

  1. mm-Wave Phase Shifters and Switches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adabi Firouzjaei, Ehsan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4.1.1 Slow wave transmissioncombiners . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3 mm-Wave implementationfailed to predict current mm-wave design trend [1] . . . . .

  2. DEFLECTION MEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS· C. Peters LawrenceMEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS" C. Peters Lawrenceinch thick 7075- T6 aluminum alloy plate. Inside corners

  3. Brain Tissue Depth (mm) LightPowerDensity(mW/mm2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnitzer, Mark

    Brain Tissue Depth (mm) LightPowerDensity(mW/mm2 ) Power Meter Tissue block Bare Fiber = 12° = 6 with the beveled cannula over CeA. d) Chart indicating estimated light power density seen at various distances from the fiber tip in mouse brain tissue when the light power density seen at the fiber tip was 7 mW (~99 mW/mm2

  4. ARM - Campaign Instrument - 5mm-mwr

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearchSOLICITATIONIMODI FICATIONCLASIC Science Team RelatedgovInstruments5mm-mwr

  5. Expansion of bound state energies in powers of m/M and (1-m/M)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ian Blokland; Andrzej Czarnecki; Kirill Melnikov

    2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Elaborating on a previous letter, we use a new approach to compute energy levels of a non-relativistic bound-state of two constituents, with masses m and M, by systematic expansions - one in powers of m/M and another in powers of (1-m/M). Technical aspects of the calculations are described in detail. Theoretical predictions are given for O(alpha(Z*alpha)^5) radiative recoil and O((Z*alpha)^6) pure recoil corrections to the average energy shift and hyperfine splitting relevant for hydrogen, muonic hydrogen, and muonium.

  6. 40 MM Grenade Launcher Qualification Requirements at Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    launcher, which utilizes high explosive ammunition to defeat adversary personnel and equipment. A number of Department sites have procured these weapons. 40 MM Grenade...

  7. MATERIALS MANAGEMENT OFFICE SUPPLY REQUEST FORM -MM-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    MATERIALS MANAGEMENT OFFICE SUPPLY REQUEST FORM - MM-4 REQUESTER'S NAME: DEPARTMENT: TTILE: MAIL. Include the justification with this form when faxing or mailing to Materials Management. Fax 679: ________________ University Director of Materials Management: _________________________________________________________ Date

  8. FISHERY STATISTICS I OF THE UNITED STATESmmmMM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ^^ FISHERY STATISTICS I OF THE UNITED STATESmmmMM 'f^ gjIP^Ws^WI'l STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 25 Fish Statistical Digest 25 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1949 BY A. W. ANDERSON and C. E. PETERSON UNITED. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. - - - Price $1.25 (paper) #12;Fishery Statistics

  9. AMRIS Update Ultra High Sensitivity NMR: 1-mm HTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    , although they are difficult or impossible to fabricate like standard copper wire, HTS materials can provideAMRIS Update Ultra High Sensitivity NMR: 1-mm HTS Triple Resonance Probe W.W. Brey, NHMFL A and Rich Withers) and others at Conductus developed the first HTS (high temperature superconducting

  10. PHOTOSWITCHR Photoelectric Sensors General Purpose 18mm Cylindrical Style

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Gale

    (Sensor) DC Micro Ê Ê Ê For NPN type tie the load to Brown (+). For PNP type tie the load to Blue Beam Load Load Load Load Load Load Light Source Unit Protection Supply Voltage Current Consumption Photoelectric Sensors 42CA General Purpose 18mm Cylindrical Style R1­46 Typical Response Curve 100 1 0.1 0 1 (3

  11. Sub-mm clues to elliptical galaxy formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James S. Dunlop

    2000-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    There is growing evidence that, at the S(850) 2.5, with a mean redshift z = 3.5. While radio selection raises concerns about bias, I argue that our current knowledge of the brightest (S(850) ~ 10 mJy) sub-mm sources detected in unbiased SCUBA imaging surveys indicates that they are also largely confined to this same high-z regime. Consequently, while the most recent number counts imply such extreme sources can contribute only 5-10% of the sub-mm background, their comoving number density (in the redshift band 3 < z < 5) is 1-2 x 10^{-5} per cubic megaparsec, sufficient to account for the formation of all ellipticals of comparable mass to radio galaxies (~4L-star) in the present-day universe.

  12. THz HBTs & sub-mm-wave ICs Mark Rodwell, UCSB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodwell, Mark J. W.

    to Daylight. Far-Infrared Electronics 0.1-1 THz imaging systems 10 9 10 10 10 11 10 12 10 13 10 14 10 15 with it ? 0.1-0.4 THz radio: vast capacity bandwidth, # channels 0.1-1 Tb/s optical fiber links #12;(Sub) mm-450 THz optical 450-900THz How high in frequency can we push electronics ? ...and what would be do

  13. VLBA Imaging at 7 mm and Linear Polarimetric Observations at 6 cm and 3 mm of Sagittarius A*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geoffrey C. Bower; Heino Falcke; Don Backer; Melvyn Wright

    1998-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We summarize the results of 7 mm VLBA imaging of Sgr A* and discuss some of the difficulties of accurately constraining the size of Sgr A* with VLBI observations. Our imaging results are fully consistent with the hypothesis that the VLBA image of Sgr A* is a resolved elliptical Gaussian caused by the scattering of an intervening thermal plasma. We show that determination of the minor axis size at 7 mm with the VLBA is very unreliable. We also present new polarimetric observations from the VLA and from the BIMA array of Sgr A*. At 4.8 GHz, we find an upper limit to the polarization of 0.1%. At 86 GHz, we report a marginal detection of $1 \\pm 1$% linear polarization. We discuss the effects of interstellar propagation on the linear polarization and consider the significance of very low intrinsic linear polarization in Sgr A*.

  14. The redshifts of bright sub-mm sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James S. Dunlop

    2001-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the key goals in observational cosmology over the next few years will be to establish the redshift distribution of the recently-discovered sub-mm source population. In this brief review I discuss and summarize the redshift information which has been gleaned to date for the ~ 50 bright sub-mm sources which have been uncovered via the six main classes of survey performed with SCUBA on the JCMT over the last 2-3 years. Despite the biases inherent in some of these surveys, and the crudeness of the redshift information available in others, I conclude that all current information suggests that only 10-15 % of luminous sub-mm sources lie at z < 2, and that the median redshift of this population is z ~ 3. I suggest that such a high median redshift is arguably not unexpected given current theories designed to explain the correlation between black-hole mass and spheroid mass found at low redshift. In such scenarios, peak AGN emission is expected to correspond to, or even to cause termination of major star-formation activity in the host spheroid. In contrast, maximum dust emission is expected to occur roughly half-way through the star-formation process. Given that optical emission from bright quasars peaks at z = 2.5, dust-emission from massive ellipticals might be reasonably expected to peak at some point in the preceding ~ 1 Gyr, at z ~ 3. Confirmation or refutation of this picture requires significantly-improved redshift information on bright samples of SCUBA sources.

  15. Solar ALMA: Observation-Based Simulations of the mm and sub-mm Emissions from Active Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleishman, Gregory; Nita, Gelu

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We developed an efficient algorithm integrated in our 3D modeling tool, GX Simulator (Nita et al. 2015), allowing quick computation of the synthetic intensity and polarization maps of solar active regions (AR) in the ALMA spectral range. The algorithm analyzes the photospheric input (white light and magnetogram) to classify a given photospheric pixel to belong to a given photospheric structure. Then, a 1D chromospheric model (Fontenla et al. 2009) is added on top of each pixel, which forms a chromospheric model of the AR. Next step is computation of the mm and sub-mm emission produced from this chromosphere model. A huge advantage of this approach is that emission from any given AR can be synthesized very fast, on the order of a few minutes after the AR selection. Using the GX Simulator tool it is also possible to produce synthetic maps of the microwave (gyroresonance) and EUV emission from the same AR model and compare them with the ALMA synthetic maps and with the corresponding observed microwave and/or EUV...

  16. Digital Frequency Domain Multiplexer for mm-Wavelength Telescopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spieler, Helmuth G; Dobbs, Matt; Bissonnette, Eric; Spieler, Helmuth G.

    2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    An FPGA based digital signal processing (DSP) system for biasing and reading out multiplexed bolometric detectors for mm-wavelength telescopes is presented. This readout system is being deployed for balloon-borne and ground based cosmology experiments with the primary goal of measuring the signature of inflation with the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. The system consists of analog superconducting electronics running at 250 mK and 4 K, coupled to digital room temperature backend electronics described here. The digital electronics perform the real time functionality with DSP algorithms implemented in firmware. A soft embedded processor provides all of the slow housekeeping control and communications. Each board in the system synthesizes multi-frequency combs of 8 to 32 carriers in the MHz band to bias the detectors. After the carriers have been modulated with the sky-signal by the detectors, the same boards digitize the comb directly. The carriers are mixed down to base-band and low pass filtered. The signal bandwidth of 0.050Hz-100 Hz places extreme requirements on stability and requires powerful filtering techniques to recover the sky-signal from the MHz carriers.

  17. Sub-mm Jet Properties of the X-Ray Binary Swift J1745$-$26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tetarenko, A J; Miller-Jones, J C A; Curran, P A; Russell, T D; Coulson, I M; Heinz, S; Maitra, D; Markoff, S B; Migliari, S; Petitpas, G R; Rupen, M P; Rushton, A P; Russell, D M; Sarazin, C L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of our observations of the early stages of the 2012--2013 outburst of the transient black hole X-ray binary (BHXRB), Swift J1745$-$26, with the VLA, SMA, and JCMT (SCUBA--2). Our data mark the first multiple-band mm & sub-mm observations of a BHXRB. During our observations the system was in the hard accretion state producing a steady, compact jet. The unique combination of radio and mm/sub-mm data allows us to directly measure the spectral indices in and between the radio and mm/sub-mm regimes, including the first mm/sub-mm spectral index measured for a BHXRB. Spectral fitting revealed that both the mm (230 GHz) and sub-mm (350 GHz) measurements are consistent with extrapolations of an inverted power-law from contemporaneous radio data (1--30 GHz). This indicates that, as standard jet models predict, a power-law extending up to mm/sub-mm frequencies can adequately describe the spectrum, and suggests that the mechanism driving spectral inversion could be responsible for the high mm/s...

  18. Heat Transfer -2 A pure platinum wire with diameter D = 3 mm and length L = 20 mm is placed outside on a day when air temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Heat Transfer - 2 A pure platinum wire with diameter D = 3 mm and length L = 20 mm is placed outside on a day when air temperature T = 10o C. The heat transfer coefficient at the wire's surface h equation that includes all heat transfer mechanisms involved in this problem. Write this energy balance

  19. A Polarizable QM/MM Explicit Solvent Model for Computational Electrochemistry in Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lee-Ping

    We present a quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) explicit solvent model for the computation of standard reduction potentials E[subscript 0]. The QM/MM model uses density functional theory (DFT) to model the ...

  20. LS Note 340 - New Design for a 27-mm Period Undulator for the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Design for a 27-mm Period Undulator for the MBA Lattice Melike Abliz, John Grimmer, Isaac Vasserman Abstract By further optimizing the dimensions of a 27-mm period undulator's...

  1. REMARQUES SUR LE TRAVAIL DE MM. NAGAOKA ET HONDA ; Par M. CH.-D. GUILLAUME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    633 REMARQUES SUR LE TRAVAIL DE MM. NAGAOKA ET HONDA ; Par M. CH.-ÉD. GUILLAUME Les recherches de MM. Nagaolia et Honda sur la inagnéto- striction donnent lieu à deux genres de remarques : les unes que pour une proportion insignifiante dans les résultats énoncés par MM. Nagaoka et Honda, et que les

  2. 450 mm dual frequency capacitively coupled plasma sources: Conventional, graded, and segmented electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, Mark

    450 mm dual frequency capacitively coupled plasma sources: Conventional, graded, and segmented fabrication will soon transition from 300 to 450 mm at a time when excitation frequencies for capacitively of processing. The increase in diameter to 450 mm is likely to exacerbate these effects, perhaps requiring

  3. Fabrication and characterization of a 0.5-mm lutetium oxyorthosilicate detector array for high-resolution PET applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stickel, Jennifer R; Qi, Jinyi; Cherry, Simon R

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Med Biol. 2006;51:2131–2142. 0.5- MM LSO A RRAY FOR PET •and Characterization of a 0.5-mm Lutetium Oxyorthosilicatelicate (LSO) arrays with 0.5-mm pixels was coupled to

  4. * 2048 by 2048 pixel format * 13.5 mm square pixels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FEATURES * 2048 by 2048 pixel format * 13.5 mm square pixels * Image area 27.6 x 27.6 mm * Back protection * Very low noise output amplifiers * Dual responsivity output amplifiers * Gated dump drain of the CCD42 family of CCD sensors has full-frame architecture. Back illumination technology, in combination

  5. Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    1 Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions MariaCarola Colombo, we review some recent applications of hybrid Car-Parrinello simulations of chemical and biological recently developed a combination of these two techniques into a hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello scheme [4

  6. REMARQUES SUR LE MMOIRE DE MM. NAGAOKA ET HONDA; Par CH.-ED. GUILLAUME.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    621 REMARQUES SUR LE MÉMOIRE DE MM. NAGAOKA ET HONDA; Par CH.-ED. GUILLAUME. 11 est facile de voir que le plissement des courbes d'aimantation et d'allongement constaté par MM. Nagaoka et Honda et Honda indique un point singulier des alliages, ou s'il s'agit d'un fait fortuit. J'ajou- terai que

  7. Geometry Optimization with QM/MM, ONIOM, and Other Combined Methods. I. Microiterations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, H. Bernhard

    Geometry Optimization with QM/MM, ONIOM, and Other Combined Methods. I. Microiterations calculation, have been very successful in describing large systems. Geometry optimization methods can take). A series of microit- erations can be employed to fully optimize the MM region for each optimization step

  8. MECHANICAL TEST RESULTS ON DIPOLE MODEL C-l 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P~. FI'9 . ~ C.C rv'IW\\ 707~-Th ALUMINUM ' ~LAI2.. o Pl.ATTDIPOLE MODEL C-1 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS C. Peters FebruaryON DIPOLE MODEL C-I 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS· Craig Peters

  9. Evaluation of Offshore Wind Simulations with MM5 in the Japanese and Danish Coastal Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Evaluation of Offshore Wind Simulations with MM5 in the Japanese and Danish Coastal Waters Teruo to evaluate the accuracy of offshore wind simulation with the mesoscale model MM5, long-term simulations to simulate offshore wind conditions in the Japanese coastal waters even using a mesoscale model, compared

  10. Approved Module Information for AM20MM, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Mathematical Methods Module Code: AM20MM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    : AM20MM School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? No Module students with the necessary basic mathematical tools required in more advanced modules to solve standard of science and engineering. #12;Module Learning Outcomes: Knowledge and Understanding 1. Review and reinforce

  11. Condensation heat transfer characteristics of R410A-oil mixture in 5 mm and 4 mm outside diameter horizontal microfin tubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Xiangchao; Ding, Guoliang; Hu, Haitao; Zhu, Yu. [Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Gao, Yifeng [International Copper Association Shanghai Office, Shanghai 200020 (China); Deng, Bin [Institute of Heat Transfer Technology, Golden Dragon Precise Copper Tube Group Inc., Shanghai 200135 (China)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Condensation heat transfer characteristics of R410A-oil mixture in 5 mm and 4 mm outside diameter horizontal microfin tubes were investigated experimentally. The experimental condensing temperature is 40 C, and nominal oil concentration range is from 0% to 5%. The test results indicate that the presence of oil deteriorates the heat transfer. The deterioration effect is negligible at nominal oil concentration of 1%, and becomes obvious with the increase of nominal oil concentration. At 5% nominal oil concentration, the heat transfer coefficient of R410A-oil mixture is found to have a maximum reduction of 25.1% and 23.8% for 5 mm and 4 mm tubes, respectively. The predictabilities of the existing condensation heat transfer correlations were verified with the experimental data, and Yu and Koyama correlation shows the best predictability. By replacing the pure refrigerant properties with the mixture's properties, Yu and Koyama correlation has a deviation of -15% to + 20% in predicting the local condensation heat transfer coefficient of R410A-oil mixture. (author)

  12. The near-infrared Hubble diagram for sub-mm galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James S. Dunlop

    2002-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Determing the nature of the bright sub-mm sources and their role in the process of galaxy formation is likely to be a major focus of extra-galactic research over the next few years. In particular, we would like to know if these sources are the progenitors of today's massive elliptical galaxies, or alternatively arise from short-lived, albeit spectacular starbursts within haloes of unexceptional mass. This question can be addressed from a number of different directions, one of which is to compare the masses of sub-mm host galaxies with those of other known massive high-redshift objects. Here I make a first attempt to do this by exploring whether the few well-studied sub-mm/mm sources are consistent with the well-established K-z relation for powerful radio galaxies. Out to z = 3 this appears to be the case, providing evidence that bright sub-mm sources are indeed destined to be massive ellipticals. At higher redshifts there is a suggestion that sub-mm galaxies are signficantly fainter at K than their radio-selected counterparts, but at present it is unclear whether this indicates a significant difference in stellar mass or the increasing impact of dust obscuration on the rest-frame light from the sub-mm hosts.

  13. Optical rotation in RbTiOAsO4 (point group mm2) W. Kaminsky*, I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    Optical rotation in RbTiOAsO4 (point group mm2) W. Kaminsky*, I , P. A. ThomasII and A. M. Glazer, UK Received March 5, 2001; accepted September 13, 2001 Abstract. Measurement of optical rotation in RbTiOAsO4 (RTA) with the tilter method resulted in an optical rotation of r12 ¼ þ17ð3Þ /mm

  14. REMARQUES SUR LE MMOIRE DE MM. NAGAOKA ET HONDA; Par CH.-ED. GUILLAUME.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    621 REMARQUES SUR LE M�MOIRE DE MM. NAGAOKA ET HONDA; Par CH.-ED. GUILLAUME. 11 est facile de voir que le plissement des courbes d'aimantation et d'allongement constaté par MM. Nagaoka et Honda et Honda indique un point singulier des alliages, ou s'il s'agit d'un fait fortuit. J'ajou- terai que

  15. Development and application of QM/MM methods to study the solvation effects and surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dibya, Pooja Arora

    2010-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum mechanical (QM) calculations have the advantage of attaining high-level accuracy, however QM calculations become computationally inefficient as the size of the system grows. Solving complex molecular problems on large systems and ensembles by using quantum mechanics still poses a challenge in terms of the computational cost. Methods that are based on classical mechanics are an inexpensive alternative, but they lack accuracy. A good trade off between accuracy and efficiency is achieved by combining QM methods with molecular mechanics (MM) methods to use the robustness of the QM methods in terms of accuracy and the MM methods to minimize the computational cost. Two types of QM combined with MM (QM/MM) methods are the main focus of the present dissertation: the application and development of QM/MM methods for solvation studies and reactions on the Si(100) surface. The solvation studies were performed using a discreet solvation model that is largely based on first principles called the effective fragment potential method (EFP). The main idea of combining the EFP method with quantum mechanics is to accurately treat the solute-solvent and solvent-solvent interactions, such as electrostatic, polarization, dispersion and charge transfer, that are important in correctly calculating solvent effects on systems of interest. A second QM/MM method called SIMOMM (surface integrated molecular orbital molecular mechanics) is a hybrid QM/MM embedded cluster model that mimics the real surface.3 This method was employed to calculate the potential energy surfaces for reactions of atomic O on the Si(100) surface. The hybrid QM/MM method is a computationally inexpensive approach for studying reactions on larger surfaces in a reasonably accurate and efficient manner. This thesis is comprised of four chapters: Chapter 1 describes the general overview and motivation of the dissertation and gives a broad background of the computational methods that have been employed in this work. Chapter 2 illustrates the methodology of the interface of the EFP method with the configuration interaction with single excitations (CIS) method to study solvent effects in excited states. Chapter 3 discusses the study of the adiabatic electron affinity of the hydroxyl radical in aqueous solution and in micro-solvated clusters using a QM/EFP method. Chapter 4 describes the study of etching and diffusion of oxygen atom on a reconstructed Si(100)-2 x 1 surface using a hybrid QM/MM embedded cluster model (SIMOMM). Chapter 4 elucidates the application of the EFP method towards the understanding of the aqueous ionization potential of Na atom. Finally, a general conclusion of this dissertation work and prospective future direction are presented in Chapter 6.

  16. 450 mm dual frequency capacitively coupled plasma sources: Conventional, graded, and segmented electrodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang Yang [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Kushner, Mark J. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wafer diameters for microelectronics fabrication will soon transition from 300 to 450 mm at a time when excitation frequencies for capacitively coupled plasmas (CCPs) are increasing to 200 MHz or higher. Already for 300 mm tools, there is evidence that wave behavior (i.e., propagation, constructive, and destructive interference) affects the uniformity of processing. The increase in diameter to 450 mm is likely to exacerbate these effects, perhaps requiring nontraditional tool designs. This is particularly important in dual frequency (DF) CCP tools in which there are potential interactions between frequencies. In this paper, results from a two-dimensional computational investigation of Ar plasma properties in a 450 mm DF-CCP reactor, incorporating a full-wave solution of Maxwell's equations, are discussed. As in 300 mm DF-CCP reactors, the electron density collapses toward the center of the reactor with increasing high frequency (HF), however, with more pronounced finite wavelength effects. Graded conductivity electrodes with multilayer of dielectrics are computationally demonstrated as a possible means to suppress wave effects thereby increasing plasma uniformity. Segmentation of the HF electrode also improves the plasma uniformity by making the electrical distance between the feeds and the sheath edges as uniform as possible.

  17. High Heat Flux Exposure Tests on 10mm Beryllium Tiles Brazed on Actively Cooled Vapotron made from CUCRZR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High Heat Flux Exposure Tests on 10mm Beryllium Tiles Brazed on Actively Cooled Vapotron made from CUCRZR

  18. M.M. AbdouAbdou TBWGTBWG--13 Meeting13 Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    M.M. AbdouAbdou TBWGTBWG--13 Meeting13 Meeting July 7July 7--9, 20049, 2004 Presentations from-TBM Abdou (5 min.) Wong (20 min.) Sze (10 min.) Ying (15 min.) Kurtz (10 min.) #12;TBM's and Port Allocation

  19. File: PoS_Markov_22_MM.doc 100524 Poisson Simulation outperforms Markov Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    [10], is a more recent method for model building and simulation that facilitates construction, modelFile: PoS_Markov_22_MM.doc 100524 Poisson Simulation outperforms Markov Simulation Leif Gustafsson.Gustafsson@bt.slu.se Abstract Markov Simulation and the more recent Poisson Simulation are two fully consistent ways

  20. AbstractLarge (>458 mm) striped bass (Morone saxatilis) are dominant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fishes and anadromous herrings (Alosa spp.) also contibuted large percentages of striped bass diet of striped Dorazio et al., 1994). After spawning, bass experienced drastic declines in the these fish leave414 Abstract­Large (>458 mm) striped bass (Morone saxatilis) are dominant predators in Chesapeake

  1. ALUMINUM SITING IN THE ZSM-22 AND THETA-1 ZEOLITES REVISITED: A QM/MM STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sklenak, Stepan

    ALUMINUM SITING IN THE ZSM-22 AND THETA-1 ZEOLITES REVISITED: A QM/MM STUDY Stepan SKLENAKa1. 73, Nos. 6­7, pp. 909­920 Aluminum Siting in the ZSM-22 and Theta-1 Zeolites Revisited 909 © 2008

  2. The SCUBA HAlf Degree Extragalactic Survey (SHADES) - IV: Radio-mm-FIR photometric redshifts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itziar Aretxaga; David H. Hughes; Kristen Coppin; Angela M. J. Mortier; Jeff Wagg; James S. Dunlop; Edward L. Chapin; Stephen A. Eales; Enrique Gaztanaga; Mark Halpern; Rob J. Ivison; Eelco van Kampen; Douglas Scott; Stephen Serjeant; Ian Smail; Thomas Babbedge; Andrew J. Benson; Scott Chapman; David L. Clements; Loretta Dunne; Simon Dye; Duncan Farrah; Matthew J. Jarvis; Robert G. Mann; Alexandra Pope; Robert Priddey; Steve Rawlings; Marc Seigar; Laura Silva; Chris Simpson; Mattia Vaccari

    2007-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the redshift distribution of the SHADES galaxy population based on the rest-frame radio-mm-FIR colours of 120 robustly detected 850um sources in the Lockman Hole East (LH) and Subaru XMM-Newton Deep Field (SXDF). The redshift distribution derived from the full SED information is shown to be narrower than that determined from the radio-submm spectral index, as more photometric bands contribute to a higher redshift accuracy. The redshift distribution of sources derived from at least two photometric bands peaks at z ~ 2.4 and has a near-Gaussian distribution, with 50 per cent (interquartile range) of sources at z=1.8-3.1. We find a statistically-significant difference between the measured redshift distributions in the two fields; the SXDF peaking at a slightly lower redshift (median z ~ 2.2) than the LH (median z ~ 2.7), which we attribute to the noise-properties of the radio observations. We demonstrate however that there could also be field-to-field variations that are consistent with the measured differences in the redshift distributions, and hence, that the incomplete area observed by SHADES with SCUBA, despite being the largest sub-mm survey to date, may still be too small to fully characterize the bright sub-mm galaxy population. Finally we present a brief comparison with the predicted, or assumed, redshift distributions of sub-mm galaxy formation and evolution models, and we derive the contribution of these SHADES sources and the general sub-mm galaxy population to the star formation-rate density at different epochs.

  3. THE MAGNETIC FIELD MORPHOLOGY OF THE CLASS 0 PROTOSTAR L1157-mm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephens, Ian W.; Looney, Leslie W.; Kwon, Woojin; Crutcher, Richard M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Hull, Charles L. H.; Plambeck, Richard L. [Astronomy Department and Radio Astronomy Laboratory, 601 Campbell Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Chapman, Nicholas; Novak, Giles; Matthews, Tristan [Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Davidson, Jacqueline [School of Physics, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); Vaillancourt, John E. [SOFIA Science Center, Universities Space Research Association, NASA Ames Research Center, MS 232-11, Moffett Field, CA 94035-0001 (United States); Shinnaga, Hiroko, E-mail: stephen6@illinois.edu [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)

    2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the first detection of polarization around the Class 0 low-mass protostar L1157-mm at two different wavelengths. We show polarimetric maps at large scales (10'' resolution at 350 {mu}m) from the SHARC-II Polarimeter and at smaller scales (1.''2-4.''5 at 1.3 mm) from the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA). The observations are consistent with each other and show inferred magnetic field lines aligned with the outflow. The CARMA observations suggest a full hourglass magnetic field morphology centered about the core; this is only the second well-defined hourglass detected around a low-mass protostar to date. We apply two different methods to CARMA polarimetric observations to estimate the plane-of-sky magnetic field magnitude, finding values of 1.4 and 3.4 mG.

  4. Design of HD2: a 15 T Nb3Sn dipole with a 35 mm bore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabbi, G.; Bartlett, S. E.; Caspi, S.; Dietderich, D. R.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S. A.; Hannaford, C. R.; Hafalia, A. R.; Lietzke, A. F.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A. D.; Scanlan, R.

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole HD1, recently fabricated and tested at LBNL, pushes the limits of accelerator magnet technology into the 16 T field range, and opens the way to a new generation of HEP colliders. HD1 is based on a flat racetrack coil configuration and has a 10 mm bore. These features are consistent with the HD1 goals: exploring the Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor performance limits at the maximum fields and under high stress. However, in order to further develop the block-coil geometry for future high-field accelerators, the bore size has to be increased to 30-50 mm. With respect to HD1, the main R&D challenges are: (a) design of the coil ends, to allow a magnetically efficient cross-section without obstructing the beam path; (b) design of the bore, to support the coil against the pre-load force; (c) correction of the geometric field errors. HD2 represents a first step in addressing these issues, with a central dipole field above 15 T, a 35 mm bore, and nominal field harmonics within a fraction of one unit. This paper describes the HD2 magnet design concept and its main features, as well as further steps required to develop a cost-effective block-coil design for future high-field, accelerator-quality dipoles.

  5. The Contribution of Faint Blue Galaxies to the Sub-mm Counts and Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geoff S. Busswell; Tom Shanks

    2000-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations in the submillimetre waveband have recently revealed a new population of luminous, sub-mm sources. These are proposed to lie at high redshift and to be optically faint due to their high intrinsic dust obscuration. The presence of dust has been previously invoked in optical galaxy count models which assume $\\tau=9$ Gyr Bruzual & Charlot evolution for spirals and these fit the count data well from U to K. We now show that by using either a 1/$\\lambda$ or Calzetti absorption law for the dust and re-distributing the evolved spiral galaxy UV radiation into the far infra-red(FIR), these models can account for all of the `faint'($\\leq1$mJy) $850\\mu$m galaxy counts, but fail to fit 'bright'($\\ge2$mJy) sources, indicating that another explanation for the sub-mm counts may apply at brighter fluxes(e.g. QSOs, ULIRGs). We find that the main contribution to the faint, sub-mm number counts is in the redshift range $0.5 < z < 3$, peaking at $z\\approx 1.8$. The above model, using either dust law, can also explain a significant proportion of the extra-galactic background at $850\\mu$m as well as producing a reasonable fit to the bright $60\\mu m$ IRAS counts.

  6. L1448-MM OBSERVATIONS BY THE HERSCHEL KEY PROGRAM, ''DUST, ICE, AND GAS IN TIME'' (DIGIT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jinhee; Lee, Jeong-Eun [Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-shi, Kyungki-do 449-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Seokho [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Green, Joel D.; Evans, Neal J. II [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 2515 Speedway, Stop C1400, Austin, TX 78712-1205 (United States); Choi, Minho [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdaero, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Kristensen, Lars [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, MS78, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Dionatos, Odysseas; Jørgensen, Jes K., E-mail: jeongeun.lee@khu.ac.kr [Centre for Star and Planet Formation, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 Copenhagen (Denmark); Collaboration: DIGIT Team

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present Herschel/Photodetector Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS) observations of L1448-MM, a Class 0 protostar with a prominent outflow. Numerous emission lines are detected at 55 1000 K) environment, indicative of a shock origin. For OH, IR-pumping processes play an important role in the level population. The molecular emission in L1448-MM is better explained with a C-shock model, but the atomic emission of PACS [O I] and Spitzer/Infrared Spectrograph [Si II] emission is not consistent with C-shocks, suggesting multiple shocks in this region. Water is the major line coolant of L1448-MM in the PACS wavelength range, and the best-fit LVG models predict that H{sub 2}O and CO emit (50%-80%) of their line luminosity in the PACS wavelength range.

  7. Sub-mm tests of the gravitational inverse-square law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. G. Adelberger

    2002-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Sub-mm tests of the gravitational inverse-square law are interesting from several quite different perspectives. This paper discusses work by the Eot-Wash group performed since the publication of our initial result in February 2001. We find no evidence for short-range Yukawa interactions. Our results provide an upper limit of 200 micrometers on the size of the largest ``extra'' dimension, and for the unification scenario with 2 large extra dimensions, set an upper limit of 150 micrometers on the size of those dimensions.

  8. Design development for the 50mm Superconducting Super Collider dipole cryostat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicol, T.H.

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cryostat of a Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) dipole magnet consists of all magnet components except the magnet assembly itself. It serves to support the magnet accurately and reliably within the vacuum vessel, provide all required cryogenic piping, and to insulate the cold mass from heat radiated and conducted from the environment. It must function reliably during storage, shipping and handling, normal magnet operation, quenches, and seismic excitations, and must be manufacturable at low cost. The major components of the cryostat are the vacuum vessel, thermal shields, multilayer insulation system, cryogenic piping, interconnections, and suspension system. The overall design of a cryostat for superconducting accelerator magnets requires consideration of fluid flow, proper selection of materials for their thermal and structural performance at both ambient and operating temperature, and knowledge of the environment to which the magnets will be subjected over the course their expected operating life. This paper describes the design of the current 50mm SSC collider dipole cryostat and includes discussions on the structural and thermal considerations involved in the development of each of the major systems. Where appropriate, comparisons will be made with the 40mm cryostat. 7 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  9. The CR 2.0mm (.079") insulation displacement connector features a mounting height as low as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedeward, Kevin

    7 The CR 2.0mm (.079") insulation displacement connector features a mounting height as low as 6.9mm") pitch insulation displacement connector allows automatic harness production for connection of UL1007 of misinsertion without being permanently distorted. · Twin U-slot insulation displacement section The insulation

  10. Spray drift collector efficiency: Assessment of deposition on 2 mm diameter PVC line in a wind tunnel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Spray drift collector efficiency: Assessment of deposition on 2 mm diameter PVC line in a wind and Miller and Hadfield, 1989) and to trap it on passive collectors. This method is cheap and easy to set-up but the efficiency of the collectors has to be evaluated. The cylindrical collectors with a diameter of 2 mm

  11. A 16 mm3 autonomous solar-powered sensor node with bi-directional optical communication for distributed sensor net-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Joseph M.

    Abstract A 16 mm3 autonomous solar-powered sensor node with bi- directional optical communication, a 2.6 mm2 SOI solar cell array, and a micromachined four-quadrant corner-cube retroreflector (CCR- idly deployed by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), tracking the movements of birds, small animals

  12. MM-align: a quick algorithm for aligning multiple-chain protein complex structures using iterative dynamic programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Srayanta; Zhang, Yang

    2009-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    . Compared with a naïve extension of the monomer alignment program of TM-align, the alignment accuracy of MM-align is significantly higher as judged by the average TM-score of the physically-aligned residues. MM-align is about two times faster than TM...

  13. Operating the LCLS Gas Attenuator and Gas Detector System with Apertures of 6mm Diameter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryutov, D.D.; Bionta, R.M.; Hau-Riege, S.P.; Kishiyama, K.I.; Roeben, M.D.; Shen, S.; /LLNL, Livermore; Stefan, P.M.; /SLAC; ,

    2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility of increasing the apertures of the LCLS gas attenuator/gas detector system is considered. It is shown that increase of the apertures from 3 to 6 mm, together with 4-fold reduction of the operation pressure does not adversely affect the vacuum conditions upstream or downstream. No change of the pump speed and the lengths of the differential pumping cells is required. One minor modification is the use of 1.5 cm long tubular apertures in the end cells of the differential pumping system. Reduction of the pressure does not affect performance of the gas attenuator/gas detector system at the FEL energies below, roughly, 2 keV. Some minor performance degradation occurs at higher energies.

  14. First Lasing of Volume FEL (VFEL) at Wavelength Range $?\\sim $ 4-6 mm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Baryshevsky; K. Batrakov; A. Gurinovich; I. Ilienko; A. Lobko; V. Moroz; P. Sofronov; V. Stolyarsky

    2001-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    First lasing of volume free electron laser (VFEL) is described. The generating system consists of two metal diffraction grating with different spatial periods. The first grating creates the conditions for Smith Purcell emission mechanism. The second grating provides the distributed feedback for emitted wave. The length of diffraction grating is 10 cm. Electron beam pulse with a time duration $\\tau \\sim$ 10 ms has a sinusoidal form with the amplitude varied from 1 to ~10 kV. The measured microwave power reached the value of about 3-4 W in mm wavelength range. The generation stops at threshold current value. When the current tends to the threshold value, the region of generation tends to a narrow band near to 5 kV. At higher current values the radiation appears in electron energy range 5 - 7.5 KeV.

  15. Evolution of complex organic molecules in hot molecular cores: Synthetic spectra at (sub-)mm wavebands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choudhury, Rumpa; Stéphan, Gwendoline; Bergin, Edwin A; Möller, Thomas; Schmiedeke, Anika; Zernickel, Alexander

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hot molecular cores (HMCs) are intermediate stages of high-mass star formation and are also known for their rich emission line spectra at (sub-)mm wavebands. The observed spectral feature of HMCs such as total number of emission lines and associated line intensities are also found to vary with evolutionary stages. We developed various 3D models for HMCs guided by the evolutionary scenarios proposed by recent empirical and modeling studies. We then investigated the spatio-temporal variation of temperature and molecular abundances in HMCs by consistently coupling gas-grain chemical evolution with radiative transfer calculations. We explored the effects of varying physical conditions on molecular abundances including density distribution and luminosity evolution of the central protostar(s). The time-dependent temperature structure of the hot core models provides a realistic framework for investigating the spatial variation of ice mantle evaporation as a function of evolutionary timescales. With increasing protos...

  16. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A 15 T, 120 MM BORE IR QUADRUPOLE MAGNET FOR LARP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caspi, S.; Cheng, D.; Dietderich, D.; Felice, H.; Ferracin, P.; Hafalia, R.; Hannaford, R.; Sabbi, G. S.; Anerella, M.; Ghosh, A.; Schmalzle, J.; Wanderer, P.; Ambrosio, G.; Bossert, R.; Kashikhin, V.; Pasholk, D.; Zlobin, A.

    2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Pushing accelerator magnets beyond 10 T holds a promise of future upgrades to machines like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor is at the present time the only practical superconductor capable of generating fields beyond 10 T. In support of the LHC Phase-II upgrade, the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) is developing a large bore (120 mm) IR quadrupole (HQ) capable of reaching 15 T at its conductor peak field and a peak gradient of 219 T/m at 1.9 K. While exploring the magnet performance limits in terms of gradient, forces and stresses the 1 m long two-layer coil will demonstrate additional features such as alignment and accelerator field quality. In this paper we summarize the design and report on the magnet construction progress.

  17. Hydrides of CeNi/sub 5/, MmNi/sub 5/, Ca/sub 0/ /sub 2/(Ce/sub 0/ /sub 65/Mm/sub 0/ /sub 35/)/sub 0/ /sub 8/Ni/sub 5/, Ca/sub 0/ /sub 2/Ce/sub 0/ /sub 8/Ni/sub 5/, Ca/sub 0/ /sub 2/Mm/sub 0/ /sub 8/Ni/sub 5/, and mixed CeNi/sub 5//MmNi/sub 5/

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lakner, J.F.; Chow, T.S.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Six intermetallic alloys (CeNi/sub 5/, MmNi/sub 5/, Ca/sub 0/ /sub 2/(Ce/sub 0/ /sub 65/Mm/sub 0/ /sub 35/)/sub 0/ /sub 8/Ni/sub 5/, Ca/sub 0/ /sub 2/Ce/sub 0/ /sub 8/Ni/sub 5/, Ca/sub 0/ /sub 2/Mm/sub 0/ /sub 8/Ni/sub 5/, and a mixed alloy, CeNi/sub 5//MmNi/sub 5/) were investigated with respect to their suitability to provide high hydrogen capacity and their potential for use in providing substantial hydrogen pressure at both low and high temperatures. A second phase of our investigation dealt with ball-milling and hydriding and dehydriding cycles to produce fine particles for use in hydride powder transfer studies. A summary of several Van't Hoff plots is also included for hydride-forming alloys.

  18. Fabrication and characterization of a 0.5-mm lutetium oxyorthosilicate detector array for high-resolution PET applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stickel, Jennifer R; Qi, Jinyi; Cherry, Simon R

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for a high resolution PET detector using position sensitive51:2131–2142. 0.5- MM LSO A RRAY FOR PET • Stickel et al.Instrumentation aspects of animal PET. Annu Rev Biomed Eng.

  19. Comparison of QM-Only and QM/MM Models for the Mechanism of Tungsten-Dependent Acetylene Hydratase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao, Rongzhen

    Comparison of QM-Only and QM/MM Models for the Mechanism of Tungsten-Dependent Acetylene Hydratase study on the formation of vinyl alcohol in the catalytic cycle of tungsten-dependent acetylene hydratase

  20. The (anti)correlation of the sub-mm and X-ray background sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Severgnini

    2000-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The connection between the sub-mm and the hard X-ray backgrounds is studied by comparing data at 2-10 keV and at 850um for a sample of 34 sources at fluxes (or limiting fluxes) which resolve most of the background in the two bands. These data were obtained with new SCUBA observations and by correlating data sets available from the literature. None of the 11 hard X-ray (2-10 keV) sources has a counterpart at 850um, with the exception of a faint Chandra source, which is a candidate type 2 QSO at high redshift. These data indicate that 2-10 keV sources brighter than 10^-15 erg s-1 cm-2, which make at least 75% of the background in this band, contribute for less than 7% to the submillimetric background. Out of the 24 SCUBA sources 23 are undetected by Chandra. These data indicate that most of these SCUBA sources must be powered either by starburst activity, or by an AGN which is obscured by a column Nh > 10^25 cm-2, with a reflection efficiency in the hard X-rays significantly lower than 1% in most cases.

  1. The Envelope and Embedded Disk around the Class 0 Protostar L1157-mm: Dual-wavelength Interferometric Observations and Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Hsin-Fang; Tobin, John J

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present dual-wavelength observations and modeling of the nearly edge-on Class 0 young stellar object L1157-mm. Using the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy, a nearly spherical structure is seen from the circumstellar envelope at the size scale of 10^2 to 10^3 AU in both 1 mm and 3 mm dust emission. Radiative transfer modeling is performed to compare data with theoretical envelope models, including a power-law envelope model and the Terebey-Shu-Cassen model. Bayesian inference is applied for parameter estimation and information criteria is used for model selection. The results prefer the power-law envelope model against the Terebey-Shu-Cassen model. In particular, for the power-law envelope model, a steep density profile with an index of ~2 is inferred. Moreover, the dust opacity spectral index (beta) is estimated to be ~0.9, implying that grain growth has started at L1157-mm. Also, the unresolved disk component is constrained to be < 40 AU in radius and < 4-25 M_Jup in mass. How...

  2. A Note on the M/M/ Queue in Random Environment and Uri Yechiali 1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yechiali, Uri

    environment, the joint prob- ability distribution function (pdf) of the two variables: random phase and number random environment and show that the joint probability distribution function (pdf) of the environment. 2 The model and balance equations Consider an M/M/ type queue operating in 'random environment

  3. Direct optoelectronic generation and detection of sub-ps-electrical pulses on sub-mm-coaxial transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -mm-coaxial transmission lines Tae-In Jeona) and D. Grischkowskyb) School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Oklahoma efficient direct optoelectronic generation of sub-ps-THz pulses on 50 coaxial transmission lines with a 330 larger bandwidths with 1/10 the loss of lithographically defined co- planar transmission lines.3 Although

  4. NIST Mobility and Manipulation Project Needs and Plans The NIST Mobility and Manipulation (MM) Project is seeking government, industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard A.

    . The project testbed includes an industrial robot mounted on a linear rail. The MM Project also plans characterizing components of the new NIST robot testbed, which includes a six-axis industrial robot arm under that are of concern to industry. Real world applications are also highly beneficial for developing and evaluating

  5. MALARIA I N NIGERIA: CDNSTRAINED CaYTINUXIS-TIE MARKDV MmLS A3R DISCRETE-TIME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joel E.

    MALARIA I N NIGERIA: CDNSTRAINED CaYTINUXIS-TIE MARKDV MmLS A3R DISCRETE-TIME ~ I T U D I N t of northern Nigeria included 8 baseline surveys a t approximately - AHS(1OS) subject classifications (1970 grant SOC76-17706 t o Columbia University. #12;JOEL E. COHEN AND BURTON SINGER UALARIA I N NIGERIA 10

  6. A mineralogy of extrasolar silicate dust from 10-mm spectra J. E. Bowey1,2P

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowey, Janet

    A mineralogy of extrasolar silicate dust from 10-mm spectra J. E. Bowey1,2P and A. J. Adamson1,3 1 in amorphous silicates, since the spectra of crystalline silicates are narrow and highly structured. The standard approach to the interpretation of astronomical spectra is to assume that the silicates

  7. The south central Texas heavy rain event of October 1998: an MM5 simulation and diagnosis of convective initiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Richard Kevin

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the weekend of 17-18 October 1998, extremely heavy rainfall over south central Texas resulted in widespread flash flooding and numerous river floods. Southern Hays County received 760 mm of rainfall, and an area of 18,000 km² recorded over...

  8. Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator Designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, GA; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Gentini, L; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, JC; de Rijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Härö, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

  9. Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, G; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, J; DeRijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; Ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Haro, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

  10. Small-bore (1. 8-mm), high-firing-rate (10-Hz) version of a repeating pneumatic hydrogen pellet injector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Combs, S.K.; Foust, C.R.; Milora, S.L. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States))

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Repeating pneumatic pellet injectors developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) were used for plasma fueling experiments on the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) and the Joint European Torus (JET). For plasma fueling on the DIII--D tokamak, a small-bore (1.8-mm) injector has been developed and tested in the laboratory at pellet rates of up to 10 Hz and speeds of [le]1 km/s (for pulse lengths of up to 15 s). This performance represents the smallest pellet size and highest repetition rate demonstrated with an ORNL repeating pneumatic pellet injector. The design has been incorporated in the three-barrel injector that was previously used on JET; the injection system, equipped with nominal pellet sizes of 1.8-, 2.7-, and 4.0-mm diameter, has been installed on DIII--D and will be used in future plasma fueling experiments.

  11. On-chip Sensing and Actuation Methods for Integrated Self-healing mm-Wave CMOS Power Amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajimiri, Ali

    GHz. The RF power sensors are designed to measure true input and output power in the presence of load and healing of a mm-Wave power amplifier. We demonstrate low insertion loss (0.4dB) RF sensors which measure true input and output power in presence of load variations and very low- headroom (10-30mV) DC sensors

  12. mm-WAVE Op-Amps FOR LOW DISTORTION AMPLIFICATION WITH HIGH OIP3/PDC RATIO > 100 AT 2 GHz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodwell, Mark J. W.

    mm-WAVE Op-Amps FOR LOW DISTORTION AMPLIFICATION WITH HIGH OIP3/PDC RATIO > 100 AT 2 GHz Zach in bandwidth for an op-amp of any kind, as well as 3Ã? betterment in OIP3/PDC ratio at fs = 2-3 GHz, when dissipation PDC. This very high ratio of third-order-intercept power to DC power consumption POIP 3/PDC > 100

  13. Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of 5 mm depleted-uranium plates for the UA1 calorimeter upgrading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of 5 mm depleted-uranium plates for the UA1 calorimeter upgrading

  14. Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of 5 mm depleted-uranium plates for the UA1 experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of 5 mm depleted-uranium plates for the UA1 experiment

  15. Fabrication and Test of 90-mm Nb3Sn Quadrupole Model Based on Dipole-type Collar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bossert, R.; Andreev, N.; Chlachidze, G.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Lamm, M.J.; Nobrega, F.; Novitski, I.; Tartaglia, M.; Velev, G.; Zlobin, A.V.; /Fermilab

    2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of 90-mm TQC quadrupole models with a collar-based mechanical structure has been fabricated and tested within the framework of the US-LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) using quadrupole-symmetric stainless steel collar laminations. This paper describes the design features, construction and test of TQC02Eb, the first TQC made with dipole-type collar and collaring techniques. Magnet test includes quench performance and field quality measurements at 4.5 and 1.9 K. Results of model performance for TQC quadrupoles based on dipole-type and quadrupole-type collars are compared and discussed.

  16. Vapor-liquid equilibria of coal-derived liquids; 3: Binary systems with tetralin at 200 mmHg

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanco, B.; Beltran, S.; Cabezas, J.L. (University Coll., Burgos (Spain). Dept. of Chemical Engineering); Coca, J. (Univ. of Oviedo (Spain). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibrium data are reported for binary systems of tetralin with p-xylene, [gamma]-picoline, piperidine, and pyridine; all systems were measured at 26.66 kPa (200 mmHg) with a recirculation still. Liquid-phase activity coefficients were correlated using the Van Laar, Wilson, NRTL, and UNIQUAC equations. Vapor-phase nonidealities were found negligible under the experimental conditions of this work, and deviations of the liquid phase from the ideal behavior, as described by Raoult's law, were found to be slightly positive for all the systems.

  17. M&m's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei Losev; Gregory Moore; Samson L. Shatashvili

    1997-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider M theory 5-branes with compact transverse dimensions. In certain limits the theory on the 5-brane decouples and defines ``little string theories'' in 5+1 dimensions. We show that the familiar structure of IIA/IIB,M,F- theory in 10,11,12 dimensions respectively has a perfect parallel in a theory of strings and membranes in 6,7,8 dimensions. We call these theories $a/b,m,f$ theories. They have a coupling constant but no gravity. This construction clarifies some mysteries in F-theory and leads to several speculations about the phase structure of M theory.

  18. Mechanical Design of HD2, a 15 T Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet with a 35 mm Bore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferracin, P.; Bartlett, S.E.; Caspi, S.; Dietderich, D.R.; Gourlay, S.A.; Hafalia, A.R.; Hannaford, C.R.; Lietzke, A.F.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A.D.; Sabbi, G.L.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After the fabrication and test of HD1, a 16 T Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole magnet based on flat racetrack coil configuration, the Superconducting Magnet Program at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is developing the Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole HD2. With a dipole field above 15 T, a 35 mm clear bore, and nominal field harmonics within a fraction of one unit, HD2 represents a further step towards the application of block-type coils to high-field accelerator magnets. The design features tilted racetrack-type ends, to avoid obstructing the beam path, and a 4 mm thick stainless steel tube, to support the coil during the preloading operation. The mechanical structure, similar to the one used for HD1, is based on an external aluminum shell pretensioned with pressurized bladders. Axial rods and stainless steel plates provide longitudinal support to the coil ends during magnet excitation. A 3D finite element analysis has been performed to evaluate stresses and deformations from assembly to excitation, with particular emphasis on conductor displacements due to Lorentz forces. Numerical results are presented and discussed.

  19. Optimization and test of a 120mm LARP Nb3Sn quadrupole coil using magnetic mirror structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bossert, R.; Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; /Fermilab; Anerella, M.; /Brookhaven; Barzi, E.; /Fermilab; Caspi, S.; /LBL, Berkeley; Cheng, D.; Chlachidze, G.; /Fermilab; Dietderich, D.; Felice, H.; Ferracin, P.; /LBL, Berkeley /Brookhaven /LBL, Berkeley /Fermilab /LBL, Berkeley /Brookhaven

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US-LARP collaboration is developing a new generation of large-aperture high-field quadrupoles based on Nb{sub 3}Sn superconductor for the LHC upgrades. The development and implementation of this new technology involves the fabrication and testing of series of model magnets, coils and other components with various design and processing features. New 120-mm HQ coils made of Rutherford cable, one with an interlayer resistive core, and both with optimized reaction processes, were fabricated and tested using a quadrupole mirror structure under operating conditions similar to those in a real magnet. The coils were instrumented with voltage taps and strain gauges to study the mechanical and quench performance. Quench antenna and temperature gauges were installed in the mirror structure to measure the coil temperature and locate quench origins. This paper presents details of the coil design and fabrication procedures, coil assembly and pre-stress in the quadrupole mirror structure, and coil test results.

  20. Description and commissioning of NEXT-MM prototype: first results from operation in a Xenon-Trimethylamine gas mixture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Álvarez, V; Borges, F I G M; Calvet, D; Cárcel, S; Castel, J; Cebrián, S; Cervera, A; Conde, C A N; Dafni, T; Dias, T H V T; Díaz, J; Druillole, F; Egorov, M; Esteve, R; Evtoukhovitch, P; Fernandes, L M P; Ferrario, P; Ferreira, A L; Ferrer-Ribas, E; Freitas, E D C; Gehman, V M; Gil, A; Giomataris, I; Goldschmidt, A; Gómez, H; Gómez-Cadenas, J J; González-Díaz, D; Gutiérrez, R M; Hauptman, J; Morata, J A Hernando; Herrera, D C; Iguaz, F J; Irastorza, I G; Jinete, M A; Labarga, L; Laing, A; Coguie, A Le; Liubarsky, I; Lopes, J A M; Lorca, D; Losada, M; Luzón, G; Marí, A; Martín-Albo, J; Martínez, A; Martínez-Lema, G; Miller, T; Moiseenko, A; Mols, J P; Monrabal, F; Monteiro, C M B; Mora, F J; Moutinho, L M; Vidal, J Muñoz; da Luz, H Natal; Navarro, G; Nebot-Guinot, M; Nygren, D; Oliveira, C A B; Palma, R; Pérez, J; Aparicio, J L Pérez; Renner, J; Ripoll, L; Rodríguez, A; Rodríguez, J; Santos, P; Santos, J M F dos; Segui, L; Serra, L; Shuman, D; Simón, A; Sofka, C; Sorel, M; Toledo, J F; Tomás, A; Torrent, J; Tsamalaidze, Z; Veloso, J F C A; Villar, J A; Webb, R C; White, J T; Yahlali, N

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A technical description of NEXT-MM and its commissioning and first performance is reported. Having an active volume of ~35 cm drift $\\times$ 28 cm diameter, it constitutes the largest Micromegas-read TPC operated in Xenon ever constructed, made by a sectorial arrangement of the 4 largest single wafers manufactured with the Microbulk technique to date. It is equipped with a suitably pixelized readout and with a sufficiently large sensitive volume (~23 l) so as to contain long (~20 cm) electron tracks. First results obtained at 1 bar for Xenon and trimethylamine (Xe-(2 %)TMA) mixture are presented. The TPC can accurately reconstruct extended background tracks. An encouraging full-width half-maximum of 11.6 % was obtained for ~29 keV gammas without resorting to any data post-processing.

  1. ASSEMBLY AND TEST OF A 120 MM BORE 15 T NB3SN QUADRUPOLE FOR THE LHC UPGRADE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Felice, H.; Caspi, S.; Cheng, D.; Dietderich, D.; Ferracin, P.; Hafalia, R.; Joseph, J.; Lizarazo, J.; Sabbi, G. L.; Wang, X.; Anerella, M.; Ghosh, A. K.; Schmalzle, J.; Wanderer, P.; Ambrosio, G.; Bossert, R.; Zlobin, A. V.

    2010-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) luminosity upgrade, the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) has been developing a 1-meter long, 120 mm bore Nb{sub 3}Sn IR quadrupole magnet (HQ). With a design short sample gradient of 219 T/m at 1.9 K and a peak field approaching 15 T, one of the main challenges of this magnet is to provide appropriate mechanical support to the coils. Compared to the previous LARP Technology Quadrupole and Long Quadrupole magnets, the purpose of HQ is also to demonstrate accelerator quality features such as alignment and cooling. So far, 8 HQ coils have been fabricated and 4 of them have been assembled and tested in HQ01a. This paper presents the mechanical assembly and test results of HQ01a.

  2. Test Results of HD2, A High Field Nb3Sn Dipole with A 36 MM Bore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferracin, Paolo

    2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Superconducting Magnet Program at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has developed the 1 m long Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole magnet HD2. With tilted (flared) ends to avoid obstructing a 36 mm clear bore, HD2 represents a step towards the use of block-type coils in high-field accelerator magnets. The coil design has been optimized to minimize geometric harmonics and reduce the conductor peak field in the end region, resulting in an expected short sample dipole field of 15 T. The support structure is composed by an external aluminum shell pre-tensioned with pressurized bladders and interference keys, and by two stainless steel end plates compressing the coil ends through four aluminum axial rods. We report on magnet design, assembly, and test results, including training performance, quench locations, and strain gauge measurements.

  3. TESTING THE ACCRETION FLOW WITH PLASMA WAVE HEATING MECHANISM FOR SAGITTARIUS A* BY THE 1.3 mm VLBI MEASUREMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang Lei [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, The University of Sciences and Technology of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230026 (China); Takahashi, Rohta [Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Shen Zhiqiang, E-mail: mlhuang@ustc.edu.c [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030 (China)

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vicinity of the supermassive black hole associated with the compact radio source Sagittarius (Sgr) A* is believed to dominate the observed emission at wavelengths near and shorter than approx1 millimeter. We show that a general relativistic accretion flow, heated via the plasma wave heating mechanism, is consistent with the polarization and recent millimeter-VLBI observations of Sgr A* for an inclination angle of approx45{sup 0}, position angle of approx140{sup 0}, and spin approx<0.9. Structure in visibilities produced by the black hole shadow can potentially be observed by 1.3 mm-VLBI on the existing Hawaii-CARMA and Hawaii-SMT baselines. We also consider eight additional potential millimeter-VLBI stations, including sites in Chile and New Zealand, finding that with these the basic geometry of the emission region can be reliably estimated.

  4. Rapid and correlated variability of blazar S5 0716+71 from radio- to sub-mm bands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Fuhrmann; T. P. Krichbaum; A. Witzel; I. Agudo; S. Britzen; S. Bernhart; V. Impellizzeri; A. Kraus; E. Angelakis; U. Bach; K. Gabányi; J. A. Zensus

    2006-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The BL Lac object S5 0716+71 was target of a coordinated and global multi-frequency campaign to search for rapid and correlated variability and signatures of the inverse-Compton catastrophe. Here we present first results obtained from a combined analysis of the cm- to sub-mm observations over a period of seven days aiming at a detailed study of the intra- to inter-day variability characteristics and to obtain constraints on the variability brightness temperatures and Doppler factors comparing the radio data with the high energy emission recorded by INTEGRAL. A more detailed description of the whole cm- to sub-mm observations and our analysis/results will be presented in a forthcoming paper. Our analysis reveals the source to be in a particular short-term variability phase when compared to the past with a correlated >~4 day time scale amplitude increase of up to 35%, which is systematically more pronounced towards higher frequencies. The obtained frequency dependent variability amplitudes and time lags contradict expectations from interstellar scintillation and strongly suggest a source intrinsic origin of this inter-day variability. A 7-day spectral evolution study indicate time-variable synchrotron self-absorption and expansion of the emission region, consistent with standard models. Assuming relativistic boosting, our different estimates of the Doppler factor yield robust lower limits of D_var,IC > 5-22 using the inverse-Compton limit and D_var,eq > 8-33 using the equipartition argument. Although high, these values are in good agreement with Doppler factors obtained from recent VLBI studies and from the inverse-Compton Doppler factors D_IC > 14-16 derived with the X-ray emission seen by INTEGRAL at 3-200 keV.

  5. Electron dynamics in complex environments with real-time time dependent density functional theory in a QM-MM framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morzan, Uriel N.; Ramírez, Francisco F.; Scherlis, Damián A., E-mail: damian@qi.fcen.uba.ar, E-mail: mcgl@qb.ffyb.uba.ar [Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Analítica y Química Física/INQUIMAE, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pab. II, Buenos Aires (C1428EHA) (Argentina); Oviedo, M. Belén; Sánchez, Cristián G. [Departamento de Matemática y Física, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, INFIQC, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Ciudad Universitaria, X5000HUA Córdoba (Argentina)] [Departamento de Matemática y Física, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, INFIQC, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Ciudad Universitaria, X5000HUA Córdoba (Argentina); Lebrero, Mariano C. González, E-mail: damian@qi.fcen.uba.ar, E-mail: mcgl@qb.ffyb.uba.ar [Instituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológicas, IQUIFIB, CONICET (Argentina)] [Instituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológicas, IQUIFIB, CONICET (Argentina)

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This article presents a time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) implementation to propagate the Kohn-Sham equations in real time, including the effects of a molecular environment through a Quantum-Mechanics Molecular-Mechanics (QM-MM) hamiltonian. The code delivers an all-electron description employing Gaussian basis functions, and incorporates the Amber force-field in the QM-MM treatment. The most expensive parts of the computation, comprising the commutators between the hamiltonian and the density matrix—required to propagate the electron dynamics—, and the evaluation of the exchange-correlation energy, were migrated to the CUDA platform to run on graphics processing units, which remarkably accelerates the performance of the code. The method was validated by reproducing linear-response TDDFT results for the absorption spectra of several molecular species. Two different schemes were tested to propagate the quantum dynamics: (i) a leap-frog Verlet algorithm, and (ii) the Magnus expansion to first-order. These two approaches were confronted, to find that the Magnus scheme is more efficient by a factor of six in small molecules. Interestingly, the presence of iron was found to seriously limitate the length of the integration time step, due to the high frequencies associated with the core-electrons. This highlights the importance of pseudopotentials to alleviate the cost of the propagation of the inner states when heavy nuclei are present. Finally, the methodology was applied to investigate the shifts induced by the chemical environment on the most intense UV absorption bands of two model systems of general relevance: the formamide molecule in water solution, and the carboxy-heme group in Flavohemoglobin. In both cases, shifts of several nanometers are observed, consistently with the available experimental data.

  6. Dust emission in star-forming dwarf galaxies: General properties and the nature of the sub-mm excess

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izotov, Y I; Fricke, K J; Krugel, E; Henkel, C

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We studied the global characteristics of dust emission in a large sample of emission-line star-forming galaxies. The sample consists of two subsamples. One subsample (SDSS sample) includes ~4000 compact star-forming galaxies from the SDSS, which were also detected in all four bands at 3.4, 4.6, 12, and 22 mum of the WISE all-sky survey. The second subsample (Herschel sample) is a sample of 28 compact star-forming galaxies observed with Herschel in the FIR range. Data of the Herschel sample were supplemented by the photometric data from the Spitzer observations, GALEX, SDSS, WISE, 2MASS, NVSS, and FIRST surveys, as well as optical and Spitzer spectra and data in sub-mm and radio ranges. It is found that warm dust luminosities of galaxies from the SDSS sample and cold and warm dust luminosities of galaxies from the Herschel sample are strongly correlated with Hbeta luminosities, which implies that one of the main sources of dust heating in star-forming galaxies is ionising UV radiation of young stars. Using the...

  7. Operating characteristics of a 7. 6 mm (0. 30 inch) diameter two-stage light-gas gun

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Susoeff, A R; Hawke, R S; Bowen, P R; Greenwood, D W; Marshall, F R

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a series of tests was conducted to determine the operating requirements needed to obtain maximum projectile velocity within the engineering design limits of a two-stage light-gas gun with a 7.6 mm (0.30 inch) diameter bore launch tube. The tests were conducted in a medium vacuum flight range. Previous experience with the gun was used to establish the minimum requirements for optimum efficiency. Two operating parameters, propellant load and drive gas pressure, were varied in order to find an initial optimum operating condition at a conservative propellant load. Propellant load and driver gas pressure were then incrementally increased. This procedure was methodically applied until significant mechanical deformation of a critical gun component took place. This report presents the results of these tests. Projectile velocity was measured to better than 3 percent accuracy using a magnetic induction technique. A 0.485 gram polycarbonate projectile was launched to a velocity of 7.77 km/s during the tests. 13 refs.

  8. Resolving and probing the circumstellar disk of the Herbig Ae star MWC 480 at 1.4 mm: Evolved dust?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murad Hamidouche; Leslie W. Looney; Lee G. Mundy

    2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We present high resolution 0.45" x 0.32" observations from the BIMA array toward the Herbig Ae system MWC 480 in the lambda = 1.4 mm dust continuum. We resolve a circumstellar disk of radius ~170 AU and constrain the disk parameters by comparing the observations to flat disk models. These results show that the typical fit parameters of the disk, such as the mass, Md ~ 0.04-0.18 Mo, and the surface density power law index, p=0.5 or 1, are comparable to those of the lower mass T Tauri stars. The dust in the MWC 480 disk can be modeled as processed dust material (beta ~ 0.8), similar to the Herbig Ae star CQ Tau disk; the fitted disk parameters are also consistent with less-evolved dust (beta ~ 1.2). The possibility of grain growth in the MWC 480 circumstellar disk is supported by the acceptable fits with beta ~ 0.8. The surface density power-law profiles of p=0.5 and p=1 can be easily fit to the MWC 480 disk; however, a surface density power-law profile similiar to the minimum mass solar nebula model p=1.5 is ruled out at an 80% confidence level.

  9. Methanol Masers Observations in the 3-mm Bandwidth at the Radio Telescope RT-22 CrAO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Yu. Zubrin; A. V. Antyufeyev; V. V. Myshenko; V. M. Shulga

    2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the beginning of the astronomical masers investigations in the 3-mm bandwidth at the radio telescope RT-22 (CrAO, Ukraine). For this purpose the special complex for maser lines investigation in 85...115 GHz frequency band is developed. It is made on the base of the low noise cryogenic Shottky-diode receiver and the high resolution Fourier-spectrometer. The cryogenic receiver has the DSB noise temperature less than 100K. The spectral channel separation of the Fourier-spectrometer is about 4kHz and the spectrometer bandwidth is 8 MHz. Results of maser observations of 8$^{0}-7^{1} $A$^{+}$ transition of methanol (95.169 GHz) towards DR-21(OH), DR-21W and NGC7538 are in good agreement with early obtained results by other authors. On the basis of the analysis of the location of masers in the NGC7538 direction we can assume that the origin of all known class I methanol masers in this region is connected with existing molecular outflows from young stars.

  10. Comparative Theoretical Study of the Ring-Opening Polymerization of Caprolactam vs Caprolactone Using QM/MM Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elsasser, Brigitta M.; Schoenen, Iris; Fels, Gregor

    2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) efficiently catalyzes the ring-opening polymerization of lactones to high molecular weight products in good yield. In contrast, an efficient enzymatic synthesis of polyamides has so far not been described in the literature. This obvious difference in enzyme catalysis is the subject of our comparative study of the initial steps of a CALB catalyzed ring-opening polymerization of ?- caprolactone and ?-caprolactam. We have applied docking tools to generate the reactant state complex and performed quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) calculations at the density functional theory (DFT) PBE0 level of theory to simulate the acylation of Ser105 by the lactone and the lactam, respectively, via the corresponding first tetrahedral intermediates. We could identify a decisive difference in the accessibility of the two substrates in the ring-opening to the respective acyl enzyme complex as the attack of ?-caprolactam is hindered because of an energetically disfavored proton transfer during this part of the catalytic reaction while ?-caprolactone is perfectly processed along the widely accepted pathway using the catalytic triade of Ser105, His224, and Asp187. Since the generation of an acylated Ser105 species is the crucial step of the polymerization procedure, our results give an explanation for the unsatisfactory enzymatic polyamide formation and opens up new possibilities for targeted rational catalyst redesign in hope of an experimentally useful CALB catalyzed polyamide synthesis.

  11. Mathematical Model for the Optimal Utilization Percentile in M/M/1 Systems: A Contribution about Knees in Performance Curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez-Horta, Francisco A; Ramirez-Cortes, Juan M; Martinez-Carballido, Jorge; Buenfil-Alpuche, Eldamira

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance curves of queueing systems can be analyzed by separating them into three regions: the flat region, the knee region, and the exponential region. Practical considerations, usually locate the knee region between 70-90% of the theoretical maximum utilization. However, there is not a clear agreement about where the boundaries between regions are, and where exactly the utilization knee is located. An open debate about knees in performance curves was undertaken at least 20 years ago. This historical debate is mainly divided between those who claim that a knee in the curve is not a well defined term in mathematics, or it is a subjective and not really meaningful concept, and those who define knees mathematically and consider their relevance and application. In this paper, we present a mathematical model and analysis for identifying the three mentioned regions on performance curves for M/M/1 systems; specifically, we found the knees, or optimal utilization percentiles, at the vertices of the hyperbolas tha...

  12. Assembly and Test of HD2, a 36 mm bore high field Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferracin, P.; Bingham, B.; Caspi, S.; Cheng, D. W,.; Dietderich, D. R.; Felice, H.; Godeke, A.; Hafalia, A. R.; Hannaford, C. R.; Joseph, J.; Lietzke, A. F.; Lizarazo, J.; Sabbi, G.; Trillaud, F.; Wang, X.

    2008-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the fabrication, assembly, and test of the Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole magnet HD2. The magnet, aimed at demonstrating the application of Nb{sub 3}Sn superconductor in high field accelerator-type dipoles, features a 36 mm clear bore surrounded by block-type coils with tilted ends. The coil design is optimized to minimize geometric harmonics in the aperture and the magnetic peak field on the conductor in the coil ends. The target bore field of 15 T at 4.3 K is consistent with critical current measurements of extracted strands. The coils are horizontally pre-stressed during assembly using an external aluminum shell pre-tensioned with water-pressurized bladders. Axial pre-loading of the coil ends is accomplished through two end plates and four aluminum tension rods. The strain in coil, shell, and rods is monitored with strain gauges during assembly, cool-down and magnet excitation, and compared with 3D finite element computations. Magnet's training performance, quench locations, and ramp-rate dependence are then analyzed and discussed.

  13. Bolocam Survey for 1.1 mm Dust Continuum Emission in the c2d Legacy Clouds. II. Ophiuchus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. E. Young; M. L. Enoch; N. J. Evans II; J. Glenn; A. Sargent; T. Huard; J. Aguirre; S. Golwala; D. Haig; P. Harvey; G. Laurent; P. Mauskopf; J. Sayers

    2006-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a large-scale millimeter continuum map of the Ophiuchus molecular cloud. Nearly 11 square degrees, including all of the area in the cloud with visual extinction more than 3 magnitudes, was mapped at 1.1 mm with Bolocam on the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory (CSO). By design, the map also covers the region mapped in the infrared with the Spitzer Space Telescope. We detect 44 definite sources, and a few likely sources are also seen along a filament in the eastern streamer. The map indicates that dense cores in Ophiuchus are very clustered and often found in filaments within the cloud. Most sources are round, as measured at the half power point, but elongated when measured at lower contour levels, suggesting spherical sources lying within filaments. The masses, for an assumed dust temperature of 10 K, range from 0.24 to 3.9 solar masses, with a mean value of 0.96 solar masses. The total mass in distinct cores is 42 solar masses, 0.5 to 2% of the total cloud mass, and the total mass above 4 sigma is about 80 solar masses. The mean densities in the cores are quite high, with an average of 1.6 x 10^6 per cc, suggesting short free-fall times. The core mass distribution can be fitted with a power law with slope of 2.1 plus or minus 0.3 for M>0.5 solar masses, similar to that found in other regions, but slightly shallower than that of some determinations of the local IMF. In agreement with previous studies, our survey shows that dense cores account for a very small fraction of the cloud volume and total mass. They are nearly all confined to regions with visual extinction at least 9 mag, a lower threshold than found previously.

  14. Heat transfer characteristics of R410A-oil mixture flow boiling inside a 7 mm straight smooth tube

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Haitao; Ding, Guoliang; Wei, Wenjian; Wang, Zhence [Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Wang, Kaijian [Fujitsu General Institute of Air-Conditioning Technology Limited, Kawasaki 213-8502 (Japan)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two-phase flow patterns and heat transfer characteristics of R410A-oil mixture flow boiling inside a straight smooth tube with the outside diameter of 7.0 mm were investigated experimentally. The experimental conditions include the evaporation temperature of 5 C, the mass flux from 200 to 400 kg m{sup -2} s{sup -1}, the heat flux from 7.56 to 15.12 kW m{sup -2}, the inlet vapor quality from 0.2 to 0.7, nominal oil concentration from 0% to 5%. The test results show that the heat transfer coefficient of R410A-oil mixture increases with mass flux of refrigerant-oil mixture; the presence of oil enhances the heat transfer at the range of low and intermediate vapor qualities; there is a peak of local heat transfer coefficient at about 2-4% nominal oil concentration at higher vapor qualities, and the peak shifts to lower nominal oil concentration with the increasing of vapor qualities; higher nominal oil concentration gives more detrimental effect at high vapor qualities. The flow pattern map of R410A-oil mixture was developed based on refrigerant-oil mixture properties, and the observed flow patterns match well with the flow pattern map. New correlation to predict the local heat transfer of R410A-oil mixture flow boiling inside the straight smooth tube was developed based on flow patterns and local properties of refrigerant-oil mixture, and it agrees with 90% of the experiment data within the deviation of {+-}25%. (author)

  15. ERRATIC JET WOBBLING IN THE BL LACERTAE OBJECT OJ287 REVEALED BY SIXTEEN YEARS OF 7 mm VLBA OBSERVATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agudo, Ivan; Gomez, Jose L. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia, CSIC, Apartado 3004, 18080 Granada (Spain); Marscher, Alan P.; Jorstad, Svetlana G. [Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Perucho, Manel [Departament d'Astronomia i Astrofisica, Universitat de Valencia, Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, Valencia (Spain); Piner, B. Glenn [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Whittier College, 13406 East Philadelphia Street, Whittier, CA 90608 (United States); Rioja, Maria [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, Apdo. 112, E-28803 Alcala de Henares, Madrid (Spain); Dodson, Richard, E-mail: iagudo@iaa.es [ICRAR/University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia)

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results from an ultra-high-resolution 7 mm Very Long Baseline Array study of the relativistic jet in the BL Lacertae object OJ287 from 1995 to 2011 containing 136 total intensity images. Analysis of the image sequence reveals a sharp jet-position-angle swing by >100 Degree-Sign during [2004,2006], as viewed in the plane of the sky, which we interpret as the crossing of the jet from one side of the line of sight to the other during a softer- and longer-term swing of the inner jet. Modulating such long-term swing, our images also show for the first time a prominent erratic wobbling behavior of the innermost {approx}0.4 mas of the jet with fluctuations in position angle of up to {approx}40 Degree-Sign over timescales {approx}2 yr. This is accompanied by highly superluminal motions along non-radial trajectories, which reflect the remarkable non-ballistic nature of the jet plasma on these scales. The erratic nature and short timescales of the observed behavior rule out scenarios such as binary black hole systems, accretion disk precession, and interaction with the ambient medium as possible origins of the phenomenon on the scales probed by our observations, although such processes may cause longer-term modulation of the jet direction. We propose that variable asymmetric injection of the jet flow, perhaps related to turbulence in the accretion disk, coupled with hydrodynamic instabilities leads to the non-ballistic dynamics that causes the observed non-periodic changes in the direction of the inner jet.

  16. ALMA Census of Faint 1.2 mm Sources Down to ~0.01 mJy: Extragalactic Background Light and Dust-Poor High-z Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fujimoto, Seiji; Ono, Yoshiaki; Shibuya, Takatoshi; Ishigaki, Masafumi; Momose, Rieko

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present statistics of 89 faint 1.2-mm continuum sources with a flux density of ~0.01-1 mJy detected by about 100 deep ALMA pointing data that include the complete deep datasets archived by 2015 March. These faint sources are identified in 50 blank fields and behind one cluster, Abell 1689, that magnifies the background sources by gravitational lensing. Evaluating various important effects including the false detection, detection completeness, and flux boosting as well as the lensing magnification by modeling and simulations, we derive number counts of 1.2 mm continuum sources. We find that the number counts are well represented by the Schechter function down to ~0.01 mJy, and that the total integrated 1.2 mm flux of the securely identified sources is 22.8^(+6.1)_(-6.4) Jy deg^(-2) that corresponds to 104^(+27)_(-30)% of the extragalactic background light (EBL) measured by COBE observations. These results suggest that the major 1.2 mm EBL contributors are sources with >~0.01 mJy, and that very faint 1.2 mm ...

  17. AzTEC/ASTE 1.1-mm survey of SSA22: Counterpart identification and photometric redshift survey of submillimetre galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umehata, H.; Tamura, Y.; Kohno, K.; Hatsukade, B.; Scott, K. S.; Kubo, M.; Yamada, T.; Ivison, R. J.; Cybulski, R.; Aretxaga, I.; Austermann, J.; Hughes, D. H.; Ezawa, H.; Hayashino, T.; Ikarashi, S.; Iono, D.; Kawabe, R.; Matsuda, Y.; Matsuo, H.; Nakanishi, K.; Oshima, T.; Perera, Thushara A.; Takata, T.; Wilson, Graham Wallace; Yun, M. S.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results from a 1.1-mm imaging survey of the SSA22 field, known for having an overdensity of z = 3.1 Lyman ? emitting galaxies (LAEs), taken with the astronomical thermal emission camera (AzTEC) on the Atacama Submillimeter Telescope...

  18. 10 to 70% methanol in 50 mM KH2PO4 over 25 min, 10 ml/min, monitor at 380 nm). Next, the HPLC-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Jinming

    10 to 70% methanol in 50 mM KH2PO4 over 25 min, 10 ml/min, monitor at 380 nm). Next, the HPLC- purified mixture was desalted on the same column (methanol was removed on a rotary evaporator, and the sample loaded in H2O and eluted with 90% methanol) and lyophilized, yielding the purified Nvoc

  19. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 320, 131138 (2001) Discs and the 10-mm silicate spectra of young stellar objects with non-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowey, Janet

    Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 320, 131±138 (2001) Discs and the 10-mm silicate spectra of young stellar and Taurus-Elias 7 (Haro6-10, GV Tau) is distinguished from foreground silicate absorption using a simple that of Elias 7 is optically thick. We suggest that HL Tau's optically thin component arises from silicate dust

  20. The MagLab's ultra-wide-bore (105mm) 21.1T NMR/MRI magnet provides an opportunity to use low gamma, low

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    The MagLab's ultra-wide-bore (105mm) 21.1T NMR/MRI magnet provides an opportunity to use low gamma, low sensitive nuclei for MR imaging. The potential of nuclei such as chlorine remains largely and the capability of MRI at ultra high magnetic fields to observe glioma. The finding of an increased concentration

  1. MM 7/2011 (rev from JB) When writing a paper or conducting academic research, you'll often come across many different

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MM 7/2011 (rev from JB) When writing a paper or conducting academic research, you'll often come across many different types of sources. Most of the time, these sources will include periodical articles. Periodical articles can be comprised of news accounts, opinion, commentary, scholarly analysis, and

  2. 12A.4 VERTICAL VELOCITY AND BUOYANCY CHARACTERISTICS OF ECHO PLUMES DETECTED BY AN AIRBORNE MM-WAVE RADAR IN THE CONVECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geerts, Bart

    12A.4 VERTICAL VELOCITY AND BUOYANCY CHARACTERISTICS OF ECHO PLUMES DETECTED BY AN AIRBORNE MM-WAVE, is the availability of in situ thermodynamic and kinematic observations, and the direct observation of horizontal, as part of IHOP_02 (The International Water Vapor Project, Weckwerth et al 2003). The key radar

  3. IUPILLiadTNz427447"mum""nmm'mm"mm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    measured, and measured spectra were compared with those predicted by the seismic displacement discontinuity theory. Results are compared with those ...

  4. HH MM SS && HH SS DD MM EMERGENCY GUIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yellen, Gary

    for Emergencies 3. Injury/Illness 4. Fire/Smoke/Explosion 5. Utility Disruption 6. Threat 8. Suspicious Package · Theft HMS/HSDM Facilities Office (617) 432-1901 · Fire/Smoke/Explosion · Flooding · Hazardous Material Safety · Threat · Violence · Theft HMS/HSDM Facilities Office (617) 432-1901 · Fire/Smoke/Explosion

  5. a. Lngsamt & adiabatiskt reversibel, dvs en isentropisk process V1 = nRT1 / p1 = (m/M) RT1/p1 , massa m = 1 kg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    Svar 1303: a. Långsamt & adiabatiskt reversibel, dvs en isentropisk process V1 = n·R·T1 / p1 = (m/M) ·R·T1/p1 , massa m = 1 kg H2 : M = 0.002 kg/mol; CO : M = 0.028 kg/mol; CO2 : M = 0.044 kg/mol p1 = z bar V1 = (R/M) · (300 + 50·a) / z m3 . t.ex. 30066 : p = 3 bar, gas = CO, T1 = 450 K V1 = 0.445 m3

  6. Coupling MM5 with ISOLSM:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would likeConstitution AndControllingCoolCorrectiveCosts ofCounting small RNA

  7. Photometric study of southern SU UMa-type dwarf novae and candidates -- III: NSV 10934, MM Sco, AB Nor, CAL 86

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Kato; P. Nelson; C. Stockdale; B. Monard; T. Richards; R. Stubbings; H. Yamaoka; B. Heathcote; R. Santallo

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We photometrically observed four southern dwarf novae in outburst (NSV 10934, MM Sco, AB Nor and CAL 86). NSV 10934 was confirmed to be an SU UMa-type dwarf nova with a mean superhump period of 0.07478(1) d. This star also showed transient appearance of quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) during the final growing stage of the superhumps. Combined with the recent theoretical interpretation and with the rather unusual rapid terminal fading of normal outbursts, NSV 10934 may be a candidate intermediate polar showing SU UMa-type properties. The mean superhump periods of MM Sco and AB Nor were determined to be 0.06136(4) d and 0.08438(2) d, respectively. We suggest that AB Nor belongs to a rather rare class of long-period SU UMa-type dwarf novae with low mass-transfer rates. We also observed an outburst of the suspected SU UMa-type dwarf nova CAL 86. We identified this outburst as a normal outburst and determined the mean decline rate of 1.1 mag/d.

  8. Design and Analysis of TQS01, a 90 mm Nb3Sn Model Quadrupole for LHC Luminosity Upgrade Based on a Key and Bladder Assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caspi, S.; Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Bossert, R.C.; Dietderich, D.R.; Ferracin, P.; Ghosh, A.; Gourlay, S.A.; Hafalia, A.R.; Hannaford, C.R.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Lietzke, A.F.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A.D.; Novitsky, I.V.; Sabbi, G.L.; Turrioni, D.; Yamada, R.; Zlobin, A.V.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) is developing Nb{sub 3}Sn accelerator magnet technology for the LHC luminosity upgrade. Two 90 mm 'Technology Quadrupole' models (TQS01, TQC01) are being developed in close collaboration between LBNL and FNAL, using identical coil design, but two different support structures. The TQS01 structure was developed and tested at LBNL. With this approach coils are supported by an outer aluminum shell and assembled using keys and bladders. In contrast, the second model TQC01, utilize stainless steel collars and a thick stainless steel skin. This paper describes the TQS01 model magnet, its 3D ANSYS stress analysis, and anticipated instrumentation and assembly procedure.

  9. Friction Factor Measurement, Analysis, and Modeling for Flat-Plates with 12.15 mm Diameter Hole-Pattern, Tested with Air at Different Clearances, Inlet Pressures, and Pressure Ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deva Asirvatham, Thanesh

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    of 800, 1000, and 1200 psi respectively). These nine combinations of clearance and inlet pressure will give a range of friction factor. The following objectives are considered. 17 Figure 10. Detailed view of a 3.175 mm diameter hole...

  10. The Ability of MM5 to Simulate Ice Clouds: Systematic Comparison between Simulated and Measured Fluxes and Lidar/Radar Profiles at SIRTA Atmospheric Observatory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiriaco, M.; Vautard, R.; Chepfer, H.; Haeffelin, M.; Wanherdrick, Y.; Morille, Y.; Protat, A.; Dudhia, J.

    2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Ice clouds play a major role in the radiative energy budget of the Earth-atmosphere system (Liou 1986). Their radiative effect is governed primarily by the equilibrium between their albedo and greenhouse effects. Both macrophysical and microphysical properties of ice clouds regulate this equilibrium. For quantifying the effect of these clouds onto climate and weather systems, they must be properly characterized in atmospheric models. In this paper we use remote-sensing measurements from the SIRTA ground based atmospheric observatory (Site Instrumental de Recherche par Teledetection Atmospherique, http://sirta.lmd.polytechnique.fr). Lidar and radar observations taken over 18 months are used, in order to gain statistical confidence in the model evaluation. Along this period of time, 62 days are selected for study because they contain parts of ice clouds. We use the ''model to observations'' approach by simulating lidar and radar signals from MM5 outputs. Other more classical variables such as shortwave and longwave radiative fluxes are also used. Four microphysical schemes, among which that proposed by Reisner et al. (1998) with original or modified parameterizations of particle terminal fall velocities (Zurovac-Jevtic and Zhang 2003, Heymsfield and Donner 1990), and the simplified Dudhia (1989) scheme are evaluated in this study.

  11. A mm-Scale Dosimetry System Based on Optically Stimulated Luminescence of Beryllium Oxide for Investigation of Dose Rate Profiles in Constricted Environments - 12219

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sommer, Marian; Jahn, Axel; Sommer, Dora; Henniger, Juergen [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Institute for Nuclear and Particle Physics, Radiation Physics Group, D-01062 Dresden (Germany); Praetorius, Reiner M. [Wiederaufarbeitungsanlage Karlsruhe Rueckbau- und Entsorgungs- GmbH, POB 1263, D-76339 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dismantling of the former German fuel reprocessing research center Wiederaufbeitungsanlage Karlsruhe requires extensive investigations of contamination and dose rate inside of the shielded areas. Particularly for first the exploration of radiation field existing thermo-element pipes may offer access to the tanks and to other interesting points without the risk of contamination. Because of their small dimension, almost no active dosimetry systems are able to measure inside the pipes. New mm-scale luminescence dosimeters in combination with a packing and transport technique are presented. The dosimeters could measure doses from 0.1 mGy up to more than 100 Gy. Hence, over the possible exposure time durations, dose rates from ?Gyh{sup -1} up to 1000 Gyh{sup -1} are ascertainable. For potential users the system opens the opportunity for investigation of dose rates inside of shielding and in contaminated environments. Particularly in constricted environments the technique is a unique solution for dose and dose rate measurement tasks. Within the linear dose range up to several ten Gy, the uncertainty of the results is less than 5%. 100 Gy-doses can be specified within 20%, with individual high dose calibration of the detectors even better. For WAK and other potential users the system offers the opportunity to investigate dose rates inside of shieldings and in contaminated environments. Particularly in constricted environments the technique is an unique solution for dose and dose rate measurements. (authors)

  12. An AzTEC 1.1-mm Survey for ULIRGs in the field of the Galaxy Cluster MS 0451.6-0305

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wardlow, J L; Wilson, G W; Yun, M S; Coppin, K E K; Cybulski, R; Geach, J E; Ivison, R J; Aretxaga, I; Austermann, J E; Edge, A C; Fazio, G G; Huang, J; Hughes, D H; Kodama, T; Kang, Y; Kim, S; Mauskopf, P D; Perera, T A; Scott, K S

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have undertaken a deep (sigma~1.1 mJy) 1.1-mm survey of the z=0.54 cluster MS 0451.6-0305 using the AzTEC camera on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. We detect 36 sources with S/N>3.5 in the central 0.10 deg^2 and present the AzTEC map, catalogue and number counts. We identify counterparts to 18 sources (50%) using radio, mid-infrared, Spitzer IRAC and Submillimeter Array data. Optical, near- and mid-infrared spectral energy distributions are compiled for the 14 of these galaxies with detectable counterparts, which are expected to contain all likely cluster members. We then use photometric redshifts and colour selection to separate background galaxies from potential cluster members and test the reliability of this technique using archival observations of submillimetre galaxies. We find two potential MS 0451-03 members, which, if they are both cluster galaxies have a total star-formation rate (SFR) of ~100 solar masses per year -- a significant fraction of the combined SFR of all the other galaxies in MS 0...

  13. mm-Wave Op-Amps employing simple-Miller compensation, with OIP3/PDC ratios of 211 (10 dB NF) and 144 (6.0 dB NF) at 2 GHz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodwell, Mark J. W.

    mm-Wave Op-Amps employing simple-Miller compensation, with OIP3/PDC ratios of 211 (10 dB NF/PDC ratio at fs = 2-3 GHz, compared to state-of-the-art. We address considerations important 1000 mW power dissipation PDC . This very high ratio of output-referred third-order-intercept power

  14. Computation of the free energy due to electron density fluctuation of a solute in solution: A QM/MM method with perturbation approach combined with a theory of solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuoka, Daiki; Takahashi, Hideaki, E-mail: hideaki@m.tohoku.ac.jp; Morita, Akihiro [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai Miyagi 980-8578 (Japan)] [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai Miyagi 980-8578 (Japan)

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We developed a perturbation approach to compute solvation free energy ?? within the framework of QM (quantum mechanical)/MM (molecular mechanical) method combined with a theory of energy representation (QM/MM-ER). The energy shift ? of the whole system due to the electronic polarization of the solute is evaluated using the second-order perturbation theory (PT2), where the electric field formed by surrounding solvent molecules is treated as the perturbation to the electronic Hamiltonian of the isolated solute. The point of our approach is that the energy shift ?, thus obtained, is to be adopted for a novel energy coordinate of the distribution functions which serve as fundamental variables in the free energy functional developed in our previous work. The most time-consuming part in the QM/MM-ER simulation can be, thus, avoided without serious loss of accuracy. For our benchmark set of molecules, it is demonstrated that the PT2 approach coupled with QM/MM-ER gives hydration free energies in excellent agreements with those given by the conventional method utilizing the Kohn-Sham SCF procedure except for a few molecules in the benchmark set. A variant of the approach is also proposed to deal with such difficulties associated with the problematic systems. The present approach is also advantageous to parallel implementations. We examined the parallel efficiency of our PT2 code on multi-core processors and found that the speedup increases almost linearly with respect to the number of cores. Thus, it was demonstrated that QM/MM-ER coupled with PT2 deserves practical applications to systems of interest.

  15. Artificial neural network modeling of the spontaneous combustion occurring in the industrial-scale coal stockpiles with 10-18 mm coal grain sizes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ozdeniz, A.H.; Yilmaz, N. [Selcuk University, Konya (Turkey). Dept. of Mining Engineering

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Companies consuming large amounts of coal should work with coal stocks in order to not face problems due to production delays. The industrial-scale stockpiles formed for the aforementioned reasons cause environmental problems and economic losses for the companies. This study was performed in a coal stock area of a large company in Konya, which uses large amounts of coal in its manufacturing units. The coal stockpile with 5 m width, 10 m length, 3 m height, and having 120 tons of weight was formed in the coal stock area of the company. The inner temperature data of the stockpile was recorded by 17 temperature sensors placed inside the stockpile at certain points. In order to achieve this goal, the electrical signal conversion of temperatures sensed by 17 temperature sensors placed in certain points inside the coal stockpile, the transfer of these electrical signals into computer media by using analog-digital conversion unit after applying necessary filtration and upgrading processes, and the record of these information into a database in particular time intervals are provided. Additionally, the data relating to the air temperature, air humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind velocity, and wind direction that are the parameters affecting the coal stockpile were also recorded. Afterwards, these measurement values were used for training and testing of an artificial neural network model. Comparison of the experimental and artificial neural network results, accuracy rates of training and testing were found to be 99.5% and 99.17%, respectively. It is shown that possible coal stockpile behavior with this artificial neural network model is powerfully estimated.

  16. Acid Washed Glass Beads 1. Weigh 50 g of 0.5 mm glass beads (Sigma G-9268, 425-600 m) into a 100 ml-orange cap Pyrex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aris, John P.

    Acid Washed Glass Beads 1. Weigh 50 g of 0.5 mm glass beads (Sigma G-9268, 425-600 µm) into a 100 ml-orange cap Pyrex bottle. The volume of glass beads should be no more than 1/5 of the volume of the bottle used for washes. To scale up, use 100 g of glass beads and a 250 ml orange cap Pyrex bottle. 2

  17. RNA Extraction and Labeling 1. To IP pellet (~ 25 l vol), add 175 l of: 10 mM HEPES-NaOH, pH 7.5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aris, John P.

    85 RNA Extraction and Labeling 1. To IP pellet (~ 25 µl vol), add 175 µl of: 10 mM HEPES-NaOH, pH 7 Speed-Vac. 7. Labeling 3' ends. To each pellet, add 10 µl containing: 1 X NEB RNA Ligase buffer 10% DMSO precipitate. Use DEPC-treated 3M NaOAc, pH 5. Wash with 75% EtOH and dry. 12. Resuspend pellet completely in 5

  18. Millimeter Wave Sensor Technologies Track Biometrics; Detect Chemicals, Gases, and Radiation: Argonne’s millimeter wave (mmW) sensor technologies measure a wide range of threat materials remotely

    Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Security threats come in many forms—airborne, radiative, gaseous, human, or infiltrative—and it can be costly and impractical to deploy a broad suite of detector technologies to identify all potential hazards in public places. Argonne’s millimeter wave (mmW) sensor technologies measure a wide range of threat materials remotely, making them well suited to many security, industrial and medical applications....

  19. Physical Consequences of a Momenta-Transfering Particle Theory of Induced Gravity and New Measurements Indicating Variation from Inverse Square Law at Length Scale of .1 mm: Statistical Time Properties of Gravitational Interaction and Analysis Thereof

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary Christopher Vezzoli

    2001-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents physical consequences of our theory of induced gravity (Ref.1) regarding: 1) the requirement to consider shape and materials properties when calculating graviton cross section collision area; 2) use of Special Relativity; 3) implications regarding the shape of cosmos; 4) comparison to explanations using General Relativity; 5) properties of black holes; 6) relationship to the strong force and the theorized Higgs boson; 7) the possible origin of magnetic attraction; 8) new measurements showing variation from gravitational inverse square behavior at length scales of 0.1 mm and relationship to the Cosmological constant, and proof of the statistical time properties of the gravitational interaction.

  20. Mme B. Cunot MM. N. Bertier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    combustion de turbine a gaz Luc-Henry DOREY Département d'Énergétique Fondamentale et Appliquée Thèse de de combustion de turbine à gaz Soutenue le 1 juin 2012 Composition du jury : Mme Cuénot B. Rapporteur

  1. Affiche 400 x 600 mm Communiqu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sart, Remi

    sont également de fi- dèles compagnons pour les soldats, au point que certains deviennent la mascotte d'un régiment ou d'un bataillon. L'animal est également essentiel pour assurer la subsistance des soldats, tant fabriqués par les soldats, mais aussi dans les oeuvres de propagande. Ainsi, sur les affiches, les

  2. Mineralogic Model (MM3.0) Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Sanchez

    2004-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to provide a three-dimensional (3-D) representation of the mineral abundance within the geologic framework model domain. The mineralogic model enables project personnel to estimate mineral abundances at any position, within the model region, and within any stratigraphic unit in the model area. The model provides the abundance and distribution of 10 minerals and mineral groups within 22 stratigraphic sequences or model layers in the Yucca Mountain area. The uncertainties and limitations associated with this model are discussed in Section 6.4. Model validation accomplished by corroboration with data not cited as direct input is discussed in Section 7.

  3. Concept : Cell Yield Glucose, mM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Málaga, Universidad de

    sencilla DISVENTAJAS Problemas de contaminaciones con pirógenos A veces baja expresión No glicosilas las

  4. Le JJ/MM/AAAA RELATIONS INTERNATIONALES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sart, Remi

    and industrial base of 60 000 companies with some big names : Michelin, Limagrain, Volvic IBM... sectors of Engineering University Institute of Computer Science and Modelling 1 University Institute of Technology (2;Research 25 laboratories centred on 6 main areas of research: - Mathematics and computer sciences - Science

  5. mm-Wave Phase Shifters and Switches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adabi Firouzjaei, Ehsan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    media players and other personal devices while enhancing thein “Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)” devices to automotive

  6. INSTRUCTIONS Annual Supply Inventory Certificate MM-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    , University Director & Operations Manager Materials & Logistics Management Room #: FB058 MC 2012 Telephone - Mandatory _______ _________________________________________________ 3. Materials Management Supervisor for Materials & Logistics Management _______________________________________________ Typed Name - Mandatory

  7. Probing channel temperature profiles in Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N/GaN high electron mobility transistors on 200?mm diameter Si(111) by optical spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kyaw, L. M., E-mail: a0048661@nus.edu.sg [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology, and Research), Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Bera, L. K.; Dolmanan, S. B.; Tan, H. R.; Bhat, T. N.; Tripathy, S., E-mail: tripathy-sudhiranjan@imre.a-star.edu.sg [Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology, and Research), Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Liu, Y.; Bera, M. K.; Singh, S. P.; Chor, E. F. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

    2014-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Using micro-Raman and photoluminescence (PL) techniques, the channel temperature profile is probed in Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}N/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) fabricated on a 200?mm diameter Si(111) substrate. In particular, RuO{sub x}-based gate is used due to the semitransparent nature to the optical excitation wavelengths, thus allowing much accurate thermal investigations underneath the gate. To determine the channel temperature profile in devices subjected to different electrical bias voltages, the GaN band-edge PL peak shift calibration with respect to temperature is used. PL analyses show a maximum channel temperature up to 435?K underneath the gate edge between gate and drain, where the estimated thermal resistance in such a HEMT structure is about 13.7 KmmW{sup ?1} at a power dissipation of ?10?W/mm. The temperature profiles from micro-Raman measurements are also addressed from the E{sub 2}-high optical phonon peak shift of GaN, and this method also probes the temperature-induced peak shifts of optical phonon from Si thus showing the nature of thermal characteristics at the AlN/Si substrate interface.

  8. Testing the inverse-Compton catastrophe scenario in the intra-day variable blazar S5 0716+71, III. Rapid and correlated flux density variability from radio to sub-mm bands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Fuhrmann; T. P. Krichbaum; A. Witzel; A. Kraus; S. Britzen; S. Bernhart; C. M. V. Impellizzeri; I. Agudo; J. Klare; B. W. Sohn; E. Angelakis; U. Bach; K. 'E. Gab'anyi; E. K"ording; A. Pagels; J. A. Zensus; S. J. Wagner; L. Ostorero; H. Ungerechts; M. Grewing; M. Tornikoski; A. J. Apponi; B. Vila-Vilar'o; L. M. Ziurys; R. G. Strom

    2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The BL Lac object S5 0716+71 was observed in a global multi-frequency campaign to search for rapid and correlated flux density variability and signatures of an inverse-Compton (IC) catastrophe during the states of extreme apparent brightness temperatures. The observing campaign involved simultaneous monitoring at radio to IR/optical wavelengths centered around a 500-ks INTEGRAL pointing (November 10-17, 2003). We present the combined analysis and results of the cm- to sub-mm observations including a detailed study of the inter- to intra-day variability and spectral characteristics of 0716+714. We further constrain the variability brightness temperatures (T_B) and Doppler factors (delta) comparing the radio-bands with the hard X-ray emission (3-200 keV). 0716+714 was in an exceptionally high state (outburst) and different (slower) phase of short-term variability. The flux density variability in the cm- to mm-bands is dominated by a correlated, ~4 day time scale amplitude increase of up to ~35% systematically more pronounced towards shorter wavelengths. This contradicts expectations from standard interstellar scintillation (ISS) and suggests a source-intrinsic origin of the variability. The derived lower limits to T_B exceed the 10^12 K IC-limit by up to 3-4 orders of magnitude. Assuming relativistic boosting, we obtain robust and self-consistent lower limits of delta >= 5-33, in good agreement with delta_VLBI obtained from VLBI studies and the IC-Doppler factors delta_IC > 14-16 obtained from the INTEGRAL data. Since a strong contribution from ISS can be excluded and a simultaneous IC catastrophe was not observed, we conclude that relativistic Doppler boosting naturally explains the apparent violation of the theoretical limits within standard synchrotron-self-Compton (SSC) jet models of AGN.

  9. Strain states of AlN/GaN-stress mitigating layer and their effect on GaN buffer layer grown by ammonia molecular beam epitaxy on 100-mm Si(111)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ravikiran, L.; Radhakrishnan, K.; Agrawal, M. [NOVITAS-Nanoelectronics Centre of Excellence, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore)] [NOVITAS-Nanoelectronics Centre of Excellence, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Dharmarasu, N.; Munawar Basha, S. [Temasek Laboratories, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637553 (Singapore)] [Temasek Laboratories, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637553 (Singapore)

    2013-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of strain states of AlN/GaN-stress mitigating layer (SML) on buried crack density and its subsequent influence on the residual stresses in GaN buffer layers grown using ammonia-molecular beam epitaxy on 100-mm Si(111) substrate has been investigated. Different stages involved in the formation of buried cracks, which are crack initialization, growth of relaxed AlN layer, and subsequent lateral over growth, are identified using in-situ curvature measurements. While the increase of GaN thickness in AlN/GaN-SML enhanced its compressive strain relaxation and resulted in reduced buried crack spacing, the variation of AlN thickness did not show any effect on the crack spacing. Moreover, the decrease in the crack spacing (or increase in the buried crack density) was found to reduce the residual compression in 1st and 2nd GaN layers of AlN/GaN-SML structure. The higher buried crack density relaxed the compressive strain in 1st GaN layer, which further reduced its ability to compensate the tensile stress generated during substrate cool down, and hence resulted in lower residual compressive stress in 2nd GaN layer.

  10. Crew-Served Machine Guns 5.56-mm and 7.62-mm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ....................................................................................................1-19 CLEANING AND LUBRICATING PROCEDURES AND PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE .........................................................................1-8 Section II. MAINTENANCE..........................................................................................1-28 MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES .....................................................................1

  11. Summary of Decisions - MM DD YYYY - MM DD YYYY | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23, 2014,Zaleski -Blueprint |Energy PersonnelEnergyHearing (10 CFR Part

  12. Coupling MM5 with LSM1: Development, Testing, and Application - MM5_workshop

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would likeConstitution AndControllingCoolCorrectiveCosts ofCounting small

  13. Els UK Job: CDI Ch01-I047172 30-10-2007 9:17a.m. Page:25 Trim:165240MM Float:Top/Bot TS: Integra, India Fonts: Palatino & Helvetica 9/11 Margins:Top:4PC Gutter:5PC T. W:30PC open recto 1 Color 49 Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Els UK Job: CDI Ch01-I047172 30-10-2007 9:17a.m. Page:25 Trim:165×240MM Float:Top/Bot TS: Integra Part I Market Reform Evolution #12;Els UK Job: CDI Ch01-I047172 30-10-2007 9:17a.m. Page:26 Trim:165:30PC open recto 1 Color 49 Lines #12;Els UK Job: CDI Ch01-I047172 30-10-2007 9:17a.m. Page:27 Trim

  14. Els UK Job: CDI ch09-i047172 16-11-2007 4:15p.m. Page:325 Trim:165240MM Float:Top/Bot TS: Integra, India Fonts: Palatino & Helvetica 9/11 Margins:Top:4PC Gutter:5PC T. W:30PC open recto 1 Color 49 Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Els UK Job: CDI ch09-i047172 16-11-2007 4:15p.m. Page:325 Trim:165×240MM Float:Top/Bot TS: Integra Part III Capacity, Resource Adequacy, and Investment #12;Els UK Job: CDI ch09-i047172 16-11-2007 4:15pPC Gutter:5PC T. W:30PC open recto 1 Color 49 Lines #12;Els UK Job: CDI ch09-i047172 16-11-2007 4:15p

  15. A 76GHz PLL for mm-wave imaging applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Khoa M.

    A 76 GHz phase-locked loop (PLL) was designed in 0.13 ?m IBM BiCMOS8HP technology with the intended application of millimeter-wave imaging. The PLL has a type II second order loop filter. The voltage-controlled oscillator ...

  16. Digital Frequency Domain Multiplexer for mm-Wavelength Telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobbs, Matt

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that it has considerable ‘droop’ in the pass-band. For thisa 12 kHz sample rate. The droop across the full 12 kHz band0.05-100~Hz) where the droop is small. Since the CIC is

  17. A 40 mm Bore Quadrupole Magnet for the SSC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, C.E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Superconductivity Conference, Aspen, CO, September 24-28,Conference Snowmass Village , Aspen, CO September 24-28,

  18. Transistor & IC design for Sub-mm-Wave & THz ICs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodwell, Mark J. W.

    -Terabit optical fiber links 1982: ~13 GHz 2012: 820 GHz ~2030: 3THz #12;100-1000 GHz Systems #12;100-1000 GHz at microwave frequencies high-performance receivers 500 GHz digital logic fiber optics Higher Scientific Company #12;DC to Daylight. Far-Infrared Electronics Video-resolution radar fly & drive through

  19. NaCoMM-2003 Sponsors National Advisory Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Subir Kumar

    . RecentDevelopmentsIn Structural DesignAspectsOf Aircraft Engines J.S.Rao 4. Deformation And Heat Transfer. SynthesisOf Circuit Breaker MechanismsBasedOn Mechanical Logic Gates 243 Hrishikesh V. Deol And C. Amarnath Session19IA Mechatronics A Quasi-StaticModelling Approach Of Airborne PowerSystems M. Torabzadeh-Tari G

  20. 800mm luxury : pencil tower phenomenon in Hong Kong, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yam, Hiu Lan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    150m2 - 40m2 - 60m3. Pencil Towers are slender pencil-like apartment buildings. They are commonly found in high-dense Asian cities such as Hong Kong, Tokyo and Singapore. Focusing on Hong Kong as the context of research, ...

  1. A mm-Scale Aeroelastic Oscillation-Based Anemometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Ian

    By combining the aeroelastic and vortex-forced flutter modes of a thin plastic strip, its oscillation frequency can be confined to scale monotonically with fluid velocity. This principle has been used to produce a low-cost, ...

  2. A mm-scale aeroelastic oscillation-based anemometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Ian Salmon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The flutter of a thin filament can provide a good indication of fluid velocity at small scales. By combining a 'fishtail'-shaped filament's aeroelastic and vortex-forced flutter modes, its oscillation frequency can be ...

  3. Microsoft Word - MM5_LSM_JGR.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA / USACE LMI-EFRC Kick-Off Meeting10, 2008Los6333

  4. Posters Surface Flux Intercomparison Between the MM5 Model

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah Project Office PressPostdoctoraldecadal observations719711731

  5. 40 MM Grenade Launcher Qualification Requirements at Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment ofCBFO-13-3322(EE)DepartmentVery5Dryers;under9 TABLE 10

  6. Quadruply Bonded Dimetal Units Supported by 2,4,6-Triisopropylbenzoates MM(TiPB)4 (MM ) Mo2, MoW, and W2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turro, Claudia

    .-H.; Ghosh, Y.; Gustafson, T. L.; Ho, M.-L. Inorg. Chem. 2008, 47, 3415. Inorg. Chem. 2009, 48, 4394-4399 4394 Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 48, No. 10, 2009 10.1021/ic900092c CCC: $40.75 2009 American Chemical

  7. A. Appendix: The MM-PBSA method The MM-PBSA method has been shown to be useful in many applications to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Dat H.

    applications to compute binding free energies for protein-protein and protein-nucleic acid interations25 of individual contributions to the binding free energy are given elsewhere,24- 26,32-33 The binding free energy is the free energy of molecule i computed by averaging its conformational free energies over the 2.5 ns

  8. MMPerformance MM JAZZ MM Conducting MA/MS Apply to the Department and to the University. See the Yellow "Notice to Graduate Applicants" Sheet for required materials.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Oral Form All students must complete the Degree Audit Reporting System (DARS) and submit it the term before taking the Exit Exam. Submit DARS to the Music Graduate Studies Coordinator, Dr. Joel Bluestone

  9. THE CM-, MM-, AND SUB-MM-WAVE SPECTRUM OF ALLYL ISOCYANIDE AND RADIOASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONS IN ORION KL AND THE SgrB2 LINE SURVEYS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haykal, I.; Margulès, L.; Huet, T. R.; Motyienko, R. A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Atomes, et Molécules, UMR CNRS 8523, Université de Lille 1, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cédex (France); Écija, P.; Cocinero, E. J.; Basterretxea, F.; Fernández, J. A.; Castaño, F. [Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad del País Vasco, Barrio Sarriena s/n, E-48940 Leioa (Spain); Lesarri, A. [Departamento de Química Física y Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valladolid, E-47011 Valladolid (Spain); Guillemin, J. C. [Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, CNRS, UMR 6226, Allèe de Beaulieu, CS 50837, F-35708 Rennes Cedex 7 (France); Tercero, B.; Cernicharo, J., E-mail: laurent.margules@univ-lille1.fr [Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Laboratory of Molecular Astrophysics, Department of Astrophysics, Ctra. De Ajalvir, km 4, E-28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid (Spain)

    2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic isocyanides have an interesting astrochemistry and some of these molecules have been detected in the interstellar medium (ISM). However, rotational spectral data for this class of compounds are still scarce. We provide laboratory spectra of the four-carbon allyl isocyanide covering the full microwave region, thus allowing a potential astrophysical identification in the ISM. We assigned the rotational spectrum of the two cis (synperiplanar) and gauche (anticlinal) conformations of allyl isocyanide in the centimeter-wave region (4-18 GHz), resolved its {sup 14}N nuclear quadrupole coupling (NQC) hyperfine structure, and extended the measurements into the millimeter and submillimeter-wave (150-900 GHz) ranges for the title compound. Rotational constants for all the monosubstituted {sup 13}C and {sup 15}N isotopologues are additionally provided. Laboratory observations are supplemented with initial radioastronomical observations. Following analysis of an extensive dataset (>11000 rotational transitions), accurate ground-state molecular parameters are reported for the cis and gauche conformations of the molecule, including rotational constants, NQC parameters, and centrifugal distortion terms up to octic contributions. Molecular parameters have also been obtained for the two first excited states of the cis conformation, with a dataset of more than 3300 lines. The isotopic data allowed determining substitution and effective structures for the title compound. We did not detect allyl isocyanide either in the IRAM 30 m line survey of Orion KL or in the PRIMOS survey toward SgrB2. Nevertheless, we provided an upper limit to its column density in Orion KL.

  10. A MOLECULAR LINE SURVEY OF THE CARBON-RICH PROTOPLANETARY NEBULA AFGL 2688 IN THE 3 mm AND 1.3 mm WINDOWS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Yong; Kwok, Sun; Nakashima, Jun-ichi; Chau, Wayne [Department of Physics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Dinh-V-Trung, E-mail: zhangy96@hku.hk, E-mail: sunkwok@hku.hk, E-mail: junichi@hku.hk, E-mail: dvtrung@iop.vast.ac.vn [Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 10 DaoTan Street, BaDinh, Hanoi (Viet Nam)

    2013-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a spectral line survey of the protoplanetary nebula (PPN) AFGL 2688 in the frequency ranges of 71-111 GHz, 157-160 GHz, and 218-267 GHz using the Arizona Radio Observatory 12 m telescope and the Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope. A total of 143 individual spectral features associated with 32 different molecular species and isotopologues were identified. The molecules C{sub 3}H, CH{sub 3}CN, H{sub 2}CO, H{sub 2}CS, and HCO{sup +} were detected for the first time in this object. By comparing the integrated line strengths of different transitions, we are able to determine the rotation temperatures, column densities, and fractional abundances of the detected molecules. The C, O, and N isotopic ratios in AFGL 2688 are compared with those in IRC+10216 and the Sun, and were found to be consistent with stellar nucleosynthesis theory. Through comparisons of molecular line strengths in asymptotic giant branch stars, PPNs, and planetary nebulae, we discuss the evolution in circumstellar chemistry in the late stages of evolution.

  11. 90-Ton Triple Cylinder Jack Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaques, Al; /Fermilab

    1988-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The three D-Zero cryostats (2 EC and 1 CC) will rest on three carriages which in turn ride on a set of hardened ways in the center beam. A pair of Tychoway rollers will be fitted to each of the four corners of the three carriages to provide the rolling support. In the final design, the two EC cryostats will be able to roll out and away from the CC cryostat in order to provide access to the space between each cryostat for maintenance and repairs. The cryostat will be frequently accessed, about once a month. during a collider run. The heaviest cryostat weighs about 360 tons. The large roller weight in one position for such a long period of time, created a concern about the rollers dimpling the hardened ways or even suffering permanent deformations themselves. There is also the possibility that the vertical position of the cryostat will need to be adjusted to align it with the beam line or that the carriage and cryostat will have to be lifted to remove and service the rollers. A device or system was needed to (1) relieve the weight of the cryostats from the rollers and the hardened ways, and (2) minimally adjust the vertical position of the cryostats, if necessary, and/or service the rollers. Compact hydraulic jacks seemed to be the answer. The first and foremost criteria was capacity. It was desired that the jacks be rated to twice the actual load. A jack is to be placed beside each roller, giving a total of eight per cryostat. The load per jack for a 360 ton cryostat would then be 45 tons, leaving 90 tons as the required capacity. The second and equally important criteria to be met was size. After installation of the Tychoway rollers. room to mount these jacks is very limited underneath the carriage. The space surrounding the bottom of the carriage is cluttered with wiring and plumbing and thus further limits available space for the jacks. What was left was a 3.75-inch x 6.0625-inch x 12.25-inch rectangular envelope on each side of a pair of rollers (see Appendix A).

  12. E TON Solar Tech | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict ofDongjinDynetek Europe GmbH JumpOne MoliTON

  13. Optical system for Argus 355-nm 90-mm aperture target-illumination experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, B.C.; Boyd, R.; Hermes, G.; Hildum, J.S.; Linford, G.; Martin, W.E.

    1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The requirements of laser alignment, crystal tuning, target alignment, and laser beam diagnosis are provided by this optical system. Initial setup and preshot alignment techniques are discussed. Layout and operation are contrasted with the 532 nm target experiments.

  14. 0.5mm Pitch Board to Board Connector DF17 Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    developed a new connector structure utilizing its unique technology, and greatly enhanced the resistance in a BOX structure and has also enhanced shock-proof, pinch-proof and scoop-proof performance. In addition

  15. M.M. Thomas: Theological Signposts for the Emergence of Dalit Theology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bird, Adrian P

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dalit Christian Theology emerged as a counter theological movement in India in the 1980s. As a theology ‘of the Dalits, by the Dalits, for the Dalits’, Dalit Christian theology sought to counter prevalent trends in ...

  16. MM@MMaking Maths at Manchester General Course Information for the 2013 event.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glendinning, Paul

    walk away from the Alan Turing (Mathematics) building. Students will have their own room, with working minutes. There is a multi-storey car park next door to the Alan Turing building. A map and detailed

  17. Experimental Media, Component List Component MW g/mol Ames mg/L Ames mM L-15 mg/L L-15 mM BME mg/L BME mM Locke's mg/L Locke's mM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieke, Fred

    -Pantothenic acid · ½Ca Pyridoxal · HCl Riboflavin Riboflavin 5'-phophate Na Thiamine · HCl Thiamine monophosphate

  18. Evaluation of MM5 Simulations With HTSVS With and Without Inclusion of Soil-Frost Parameterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moelders, Nicole

    things soil freezing and thawing. Reanalysis of temperature, wind vector, specific humidity-frost. For precipitation, the wind vector, and in the mid-troposphere for temperature, the improvement index-frost into the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model improved the simulation of annual

  19. Electronic Properties of Disordered Organic Semiconductors via QM/MM Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Difley, Seth

    Organic semiconductors (OSCs) have recently received significant attention for their potential use in photovoltaic, light emitting diode, and field effect transistor devices. Part of the appeal of OSCs is the disordered, ...

  20. Assessing the Performance of 5mm White LED Light Sources for Developing-Country Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with fluorescent lighting for off-grid applications in theProject includes an Off-Grid Lighting Technology Assessmentand the market success of off-grid lighting solutions for

  1. Sub-mm and X-ray background: two unrelated phenomena?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Severgnini; R. Maiolino; M. Salvati; D. Axon; A. Cimatti; F. Fiore; R. Gilli; F. La Franca; A. Marconi; G. Matt; G. Risaliti; C. Vignali

    2000-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Obscured AGNs are thought to contribute a large fraction of the hard X-ray background (2-10 keV), and have also been proposed as the powerhouse of a fraction of the SCUBA sources which make most of the background at 850um, thus providing a link between the two spectral windows. We have tackled this issue by comparing data at 2-10 keV and at 850um for a sample of 34 sources at fluxes (or limiting fluxes) which resolve most of the background in the two bands. We present here new SCUBA observations, and new correlations between separate data sets retrieved from the literature. Similar correlations presented by others are added for completeness. None of the 11 hard X-ray (2-10 keV) sources has a counterpart at 850um, with the exception of a Chandra source in the SSA13 field, which is a candidate type 2, heavily absorbed QSO at high redshift. The ratios F(850um)/F(5keV) (mostly upper limits) of the X-ray sources are significantly lower than the value observed for the cosmic background. In particular, we obtain that 2-10 keV sources brighter than 10^-15 erg s^-1 cm^-2, which make at least 75% of the background in this band, contribute for less than 7% to the submillimeter background. Out of the 24 SCUBA sources, 23 are undetected by Chandra. The ratios F(850um)/F(5keV) (mostly lower limits) of these SCUBA sources indicate that most of them must be powered either by starburst activity, or by an AGN which is obscured by a column Nh > 10^25 cm^-2, with a reflection efficiency in the hard X rays significantly lower than 1% in most cases. However, AGNs of this type could not contribute significantly to the 2-10 keV background.

  2. Sub-mm and X-ray background two unrelated phenomena?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severgnini, P; Salvati, M; Axon, D J; Cimatti, A; Fiore, F; Gilli, R; La Franca, F; Marconi, A; Matt, G; Risaliti, G; Vignali, C

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obscured AGNs are thought to contribute a large fraction of the hard X-ray background (2-10 keV), and have also been proposed as the powerhouse of a fraction of the SCUBA sources which make most of the background at 850um, thus providing a link between the two spectral windows. We have tackled this issue by comparing data at 2-10 keV and at 850um for a sample of 34 sources at fluxes (or limiting fluxes) which resolve most of the background in the two bands. We present here new SCUBA observations, and new correlations between separate data sets retrieved from the literature. Similar correlations presented by others are added for completeness. None of the 11 hard X-ray (2-10 keV) sources has a counterpart at 850um, with the exception of a Chandra source in the SSA13 field, which is a candidate type 2, heavily absorbed QSO at high redshift. The ratios F(850um)/F(5keV) (mostly upper limits) of the X-ray sources are significantly lower than the value observed for the cosmic background. In particular, we obtain tha...

  3. A QM/MM Study on the Aqueous Solvation of theTetrahydroxouranylate...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    transfer of the tetrahydroxouranylate to the solvating water molecules is relatively modest, and can be modeled by including a solvation layer consisting of 12 explicit water...

  4. SPECTROSCOPIE DES ONDES DE 1 A 5 mm (1) Par WALTER GORDY,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    'effectua,it la transition dont j'ai parlé plus haut, Loubser et Townes [3] détectèrent le rayon- nement des'atténuation de cer- taines substances à des fréquences bien déterminées. Le klystron a beaucoup d'avantages sur

  5. HHYYAATTTT MM.. GGIIBBBBSS SSCCIIEENNTTIIFFIICC SSYYMMPPOOSSIIUUMM IINN HHOONNOORR AANNDD MMEEMMOORRYY OOFF HHIISS CCAARREEEERR AANNDD LLIIFFEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    Amnon Yariv, Caltech 1:45 ­ 2:10 Self-Induced Transparency in Atomic Rb Richart E. Slusher Georgia Tech · Arturo Chavez-Pirson, OSC Alumni · Robert A. Norwood, UA OSC · James C. Wyant, UA OSC Closing Words

  6. Future Mm/Submm Instrumentation and Science Opportunities: Example of Deuterated Molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. G. Phillips; C. Vastel

    2002-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    During the next decade a tremendous advance will take place in instrumentation for spectroscopy of the interstellar medium. Major new facilities (ALMA, SOFIA, APEX, LMT, Herschel and others) will be constructed and commissioned, so that the science opportunities, in the field of astrochemistry, will increase by a huge factor. This will be enhanced by the new receivers with greater bandwidth and sensitivity. The new opportunities will be in the area of astrochemistry of distant objects, through greater sensitivity, or new spectral ranges due to the platforms above the Earth's atmosphere. Various aspects of new spectral ranges are discussed, with emphasis on H2O lines, features previously hidden under H2O or O2 lines, light hydrides and particularly on deuterium in molecules. Recently, multiply deuterated species have been detected, e.g. ND3, in cold dense regions of the interstellar medium. It is argued here that it is possible that so much deuterium could be trapped, by the fractionation process, into heavy molecules such as ND3, etc..., and species such as H2D+ and possibly D2H+, that D and HD might be depleted. This would be the mechanism for the large dispersion of [D]/[H] values found in the interstellar medium. Light molecules (hydrides and deuterides) generally have large fundamental rotation frequencies, often lying in the HIFI bands. The deuterides are a specially suitable case, because the species exist mainly in cold dense regions, where the molecules are in the ground states and THz observations will best be carried out by absorption spectroscopy against background dust continuum sources such as Sgr B2 and W49N.

  7. This article was downloaded by: [MM Ali] On: 04 January 2012, At: 17:55

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK Remote Sensing Letters Publication details, including of satellite-derived tropical cyclone heat potential with in situ observations in the North Indian Ocean, National Remote Sensing Centre, ISRO, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India b Atlantic Oceanographic

  8. Student Name: ______________________________ Birthdate (MM/DD/YY): ____________ PART I SCREENING: Please answer the following questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland,000 population. For future updates, refer to http://apps.who.int/ghodata 3. Have you ever lived as a resident

  9. Assessing the Performance of 5mm White LED Light Sources for Developing-Country Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lamp calibrated by Labsphere Spectral measurements - LEDs inLEDs we tested is exceptionally good (as good or better than many compact fluorescent lamps),lamp. Off-grid lighting products using the poorer LEDs would

  10. Facolt di Scienze MM.FF.NN Corso di Laurea in informatica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

    Collision Detection) sul canale? 2. Perché le dimensioni fisiche di un "collision domain" sono limitate? 3 velocità di trasmissione dei dati? 6. Qual'è l'unità dati (PDU) del livello fisico? 7. Perché è uso comune

  11. Ferrite-Cored Solenoidal Induction Coil Sensor for BUD (MM-1667)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrison, F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    following observations: 1) A ferrite-cored solenoidal coilthe same order as L. 2) A ferrite-cored solenoidal coil canstable response. 4) Feedback ferrite-cored solenoidal coils

  12. Ferrite-Cored Solenoidal Induction Coil Sensor for BUD (MM-1667)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrison, F.; Becker, A.; Conti, U.; Gasperikova, E.

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have designed and lab tested a new ferrite cored induction coil sensor for measuring the secondary fields from metallic UXO with the BUD system. The objective was to replace the 5-inch diameter air-cored coils in the BUD system with smaller sensors that would allow the placement of multiple sensors in the smaller package of the new BUD hand-held system. A ferrite-cored solenoidal coil of length L can easily be made to have sensitivity and noise level roughly the same as an air-cored coil of a diameter on the same order as L. A ferrite-cored solenoidal coil can easily have a feedback configuration to achieve critical damping. The feedback configuration leads to a very stable response. Feedback ferrite-cored solenoidal coils show very little interaction as long as they are separated by one half their length.

  13. Ab initio simulations of two-dimensional electronic spectra: The SOS//QM/MM approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivalta, I; Nenov, A; Cerullo, G; Mukamel, S; Garavelli, M; Garavelli, M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    calculations. Conclusions Two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy holds great potential for studying structure, dynamics,

  14. Vibrational Spectra of Water Solutions of Azoles from QM/MM Calculations: Effects of Solvation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    the decomposition of the vibrational density of states of the gas phase and solution dynamics. The calculated shifts the structural and dynamical aspects of water solutions. X-ray as well as neutron diffraction are the main source and electronic structure of the molecule.1 We expect therefore that also its vibrational properties could

  15. Ultraviolet Spectroscopy of Protein Backbone Transitions in Aqueous Solution: Combined QM and MM Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    -level electronic structure calculations of N-methylacetamide (NMA). Its electrostatic fluctuations are modeled forcefield and electronic structures of sampled MD snapshots calculated by QM. The lineshapes and excitation depends crucially on their secondary structure and dynamic fluctuations.1 Optical spec- troscopy provides

  16. Cl-76 T. YUASA ET E. HOURANY tendue. Nous remercions MM. Charpak, Massonnet,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (J) et ASSONET (L.),Nucl. Instr., 1963, 24, 501. DISTRIBUTION DES IMPULSIONS DES NOYAUX DE RECUL DANS 12C. -La distribution des impulsions des noyaux de recul dans la réaction lzC(p,2 p) llB, obtenue à l'aide d'une chambre à bulles à propane et avec les protons produits par lesynchrocy- clotron d'Orsay, soit

  17. Powering mm-Size Wireless Implants for Brain-Machine Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark, Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be another way of trading input power for rectificationbe chosen, trading off available power for a more efficientTrading-off channel loss for increased transmit power as

  18. Exploring the Multidimensional Free Energy Surface of Phosphoester Hydrolysis with Constrained QM/MM Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerwert, Klaus

    Exploring the Multidimensional Free Energy Surface of Phosphoester Hydrolysis with Constrained QM water. Detailed free energy landscapes in two-dimensional and three-dimensional space were resolved that was demonstrated to be powerful for free energy calculations along multiple coordinates. As in previous theoretical

  19. Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements and Analysis of Bypass Data for a Scaled 6mm Gap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.R. Wolf; T.E. Conder; R.R. Schultz

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the fluid dynamics experiments in the MIR (Matched Index of-Refraction) flow system at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is to develop benchmark databases for the assessment of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solutions of the momentum equations, scalar mixing, and turbulence models for the flow ratios between coolant channels and bypass gaps in the interstitial regions of typical prismatic standard fuel element (SFE) or upper reflector block geometries of typical Modular High-temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (MHTGR) in the limiting case of negligible buoyancy and constant fluid properties. The experiments will use optical techniques, primarily particle image velocimetry (PIV) in the INL Matched Index of Refraction (MIR) flow system.

  20. Facolt di Scienze MM.FF.NN Corso di Laurea in informatica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

    della SSTHRESH; 2. tempo di trasferimento; 3. numero totale di pacchetti inviati in rete ed efficienza

  1. Universit`a degli Studi di Padova Facolt`a di Scienze MM.FF.NN.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fassò, Francesco

    Bennet [4], hanno studiato la stabilit`a lineare tramite la teoria di Floquet, Alfriend [1], ha ottenuto stessi risultati dei lavori di Danby e Bennet, ma fornisce una giustificazione pi`u chiara delle

  2. SubstrateSubstrate Commercially available high density -alumina plate (14x14 mm2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azad, Abdul-Majeed

    followed by oxidation in a well-defined pO2 regime near the M-MOx proximity line by a suitable buffer gas Model. Fig. 4. Thermodynamic criteria for several M/MOx coexistence and practical pO2 regimes for phase

  3. Pseudobond parameters for QM/MM studies involving nucleosides, nucleotides, and their analogs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaudret, Robin [Duke University, North Carolina] [Duke University, North Carolina; Parks, Jerry M [ORNL] [ORNL; Yang, Weitao [Duke University, North Carolina] [Duke University, North Carolina

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In biological systems involving nucleosides, nucleotides, or their respective analogs, the ribose sugar moiety is the most common reaction site, for example, during DNA replication and repair. How- ever, nucleic bases, which comprise a sizable portion of nucleotide molecules, are usually unreactive during such processes. In quantum mechanical/molecular simulations of nucleic acid reactivity, it may therefore be advantageous to describe specific ribosyl or ribosyl phosphate groups quantum me- chanically and their respective nucleic bases with a molecular mechanics potential function. Here, we have extended the pseudobond approach to enable quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical simulations involving nucleotides, nucleosides, and their analogs in which the interface between the two subsystems is located between the sugar and the base, namely, the C(sp3) N(sp2) bond. The pseudobond parameters were optimized on a training set of 10 molecules representing several nu- cleotide and nucleoside bases and analogs, and they were then tested on a larger test set of 20 diverse molecules. Particular emphasis was placed on providing accurate geometries and electrostatic prop- erties, including electrostatic potential, natural bond orbital (NBO) and atoms in molecules (AIM) charges and AIM first moments. We also tested the optimized parameters on five nucleotide and nu- cleoside analogues of pharmaceutical relevance and a small polypeptide (triglycine). Accuracy was maintained for these systems, which highlights the generality and transferability of the pseudobond approach. 2013 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4772182

  4. HEAT TRANSFER THROUGH He II IN A 9.6 m LONG 35 mm ID TUBE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caspi, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sensors, to a step heat input of several watts to rangerementdlly in::reas1ny the heat input Q until the transition

  5. Self-aligned AlGaN/GaN transistors for sub-mm wave applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saadat, Omair I

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes work done towards realizing self-aligned AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs). Self-aligned transistors are important for improving the frequency of AlGaN/GaN HEMTs by reducing source ...

  6. UNIVERSIT`A DEGLI STUDI DI PERUGIA Facolt`a di Scienze MM. FF. e NN.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filippucci, Roberta

    Esercizio 2. Sia f : R R definita da f(x) = |e2x - 1|. Determinare il codominio e stabilire se la funzione `e iniettiva e se `e suriettiva. Determinare una restrizione invert- ibile. Esercizio 3. Data la. Calcolare l'area della regione piana definita da {(x, y) R2 : 0 x 4 : | - 2x + 4| - x2 y 4 - x

  7. UNIVERSIT`A DEGLI STUDI DI PERUGIA Facolt`a di Scienze MM. FF. e NN.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filippucci, Roberta

    ) + 1 - e4x si chiede di: (a) determinare il dominio; (b) calcolare lim x f(x) e lim x- f(x); (c regione piana data da {(x, y) : -1 x 0, 0 y f(x)} Esercizio 4. Calcolare il seguente integrale 2x + 7 segno; (b) calcolare l'area della seguente regione piana {(x, y) : 0 x 1, e-x y f(x)} Esercizio 5

  8. Water Management EC Kumbur and MM Mench, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    , and product away from, the electrodes, as well as provide high electrical conductivity with low contact losses. Although convenient in terms of pollution, the fact that water is produced and must be properly managed repre- sents a major technical challenge. A complex relationship exists between the water content

  9. INSTRUCTIONS Request for Implant, Instrument or Supply for Procedure Form MM-12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    To: Karen Grady, Materials Management Resource Manager Materials & Logistics Management Room #: LB058 ____________________________________________________ Typed Name - Mandatory Date: OFFICE MATERIALS & LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT (MLM) Reference #: Page 1 of 2 #12;SECTION 2 (To be ccompleted by Materials Management): On Contract?: Yes No If "Yes", Contract #: Product

  10. INSTRUCTIONS e-Portal and MMIS Signature Authorization Form Surplus Property Program -MM-3S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    For Materials & Logistics Management Use Only: Signatures: Date: Date: ____________________________________________________ 1. Authorized Materials & Logistics Management Signature/31/14 OFFICE MATERIALS & LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT (MLM) #12;

  11. TITLE: AUTHOR(S) SUBMITTED TO: Mm EVOLUTIO:l C: S!LICIC

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem Not FoundInformation DOEInformation Summary Big* - '

  12. SiO2 Fracture: Chemomechanics with a Machine Learning Hybrid QM/MM Scheme |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund3 Outlook for Gulf of MexicoShreyasArgonne

  13. OFFICE WASTE DATA 2010 Recyclable Materials 1680 tons / 62%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillas, Serge

    OFFICE WASTE DATA 2010 Recyclable Materials 1680 tons / 62% Landfill 1080 tons / 38% Electricals 36 Landfill As of Monday 7 March 2011, no general waste generated from the Bloomsbury Campus has been sent to landfill. Through partnership between UCL Estates and Office and General, an agreement has been reached

  14. (Data in metric tons of silver content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    146 SILVER (Data in metric tons 1 of silver content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production.S. refiners of commercial-grade silver, with an estimated total output of 6,500 tons from domestic and foreign to minimize odor, electroplating, hardening bearings, inks, mirrors, solar cells, water purification, and wood

  15. (Data in metric tons of silver content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    146 SILVER (Data in metric tons 1 of silver content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production, with an estimated total output of 2,500 tons from domestic and foreign ores and concentrates, and from old and new, mirrors, solar cells, water purification, and wood treatment. Silver was used for miniature antennas

  16. THERMAL MODELING ANALYSIS OF SRS 70 TON CASK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.; Jordan, J.; Hensel, S.

    2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of this work was to perform the thermal calculations to evaluate the Material Test Reactor (MTR) fuel assembly temperatures inside the SRS 70-Ton Cask loaded with various bundle powers. MTR fuel consists of HFBR, MURR, MIT, and NIST. The MURR fuel was used to develop a bounding case since it is the fuel with the highest heat load. The results will be provided for technical input for the SRS 70 Ton Cask Onsite Safety Assessment. The calculation results show that for the SRS 70 ton dry cask with 2750 watts total heat source with a maximum bundle heat of 670 watts and 9 bundles of MURR bounding fuel, the highest fuel assembly temperatures are below about 263 C. Maximum top surface temperature of the plastic cover is about 112 C, much lower than its melting temperature 260 C. For 12 bundles of MURR bounding fuel with 2750 watts total heat and a maximum fuel bundle of 482 watts, the highest fuel assembly temperatures are bounded by the 9 bundle case. The component temperatures of the cask were calculated by a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics approach. The modeling calculations were performed by considering daily-averaged solar heat flux.

  17. Progresses in Ab Initio QM/MM Free Energy Simulations of Electrostatic Energies in Proteins: Accelerated QM/MM Studies of pKa, Redox Reactions and Solvation Free Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamerlin, Shina C. L.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an acid in a protein and water respectively, ? G solv w and? G solv p represent the difference in solvation energy ofin protein, (that is, ? G solv w ( AH ) ). Subsequently, 1

  18. Yeast Genomic DNA Preparation from Spheroplasts 1. Resuspend with 50 mM Tris, 25 mM EDTA (pH 8) in 10X the spheroplast pellet volume.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aris, John P.

    ) in 10X the spheroplast pellet volume. 2. Immediately add 1/10 volume of 10% SDS. Mix. 3. Incubate 30 up pellets. Wash for at least 5 minutes at 25°C. 11. Centrifuge 10 minutes in SS-34 rotor at 10,000 rpm at 4°C. Discard supernatant. 12. Drain and dry pellets on bench. Dissolve each pellet completely

  19. KCP relocates 18-ton machine | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTubahq.na.gov OfficeAdministration Field Officerelocates 18-ton machine

  20. CONTRIBUTION A L'AUGMENTATION DE LA SENSIBILIT DES THERMOPILES Par MM. PIERRE BARCHEWITZ et JEAN TURCK.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    tombant sur la thermopile et dans ce cas, on demande à celle-ci d'avoir un temps de réponse aussi faible- trique, celle-ci s'échauffe, sa température qui était initialement égale à la température To de la rayonnement, par conductibilité calorifique, par convection, par effet Peltier ou effet Joule, il s'établit un

  1. LA DIFFUSION DE LA LUMIRE PAR LE MTHANE ET SES HOMOLOGUES GAZEUX par MM. J. CABANNES et J. GAUZIT,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    hydrocarbures saturés gazeux de la série grasse n'est pas complètement polarisée. Le facteur de dépolarisation molécules voisines. Dans le travail actuel, nous avons choisi comme sujets d'expérience les hydrocarbures;183 2. Préparation des hydrocarbures. - Nous avons préparé les terrnes de la série par le procédé

  2. CC UU RR RR II CC UU LL UU MM VV II TT AA EE Thursday, 25 September 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Synthesis of nanomaterials such as nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, graphene structures, metal oxide: 2007: Helmi Keskinen "Synthesis of nanoparticles and preparation of deposits by liquid flamme spray

  3. Reflective Cracking Study: First-level Report on HVS Testing on Section 586RF - 45 mm MB15-GOverlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David; Wu, R; Harvey, John T

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the asphalt concrete layer. Testing was stopped when thetesting being performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the results of the fifth HVS reflective cracking testing

  4. Reflective Cracking Study: First-level Report on HVS Testing on Section 588RF - 90 mm AR4000-DOverlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David; Wu, R; Harvey, John T

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    testing being performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the results of the fourth HVS reflective cracking testingconcrete. It describes the results of the fourth HVS reflective cracking testing

  5. Reflective Cracking Study: First-Level Report on HVS Testing on Section 589RF - 45 mm MB4-G Overlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David; Harvey, John T; Wu, R; Lea, J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the asphalt concrete layer. Testing was stopped when thetesting being performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the results of the second HVS reflective cracking testing

  6. Reflective Cracking Study: First-Level Report on HVS Testing on Section 590RF - 90 mm MB4-G Overlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David; Tsai, Bor-Wen; Harvey, John T

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    testing being performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the results of the first HVS reflective cracking testingconcrete. It describes the results of the first HVS reflective cracking testing

  7. A Dark Matter Search Using the Final CDMS-II Data and 100 mm SuperCDMS Germanium Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    ;© Jianjie Zhang 2014 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED #12;Acknowledgements This thesis would not have been possible into and out of the lab. Sten Hansen provided multiple versions of the DCRC boards. Jeter Hall wrote, and designing and constructing the gamma shield. I also thank everyone else who worked in the lab and made

  8. Wyko Optical Profiler This machine investigates variations in topography for surfaces ranging from very smooth to 2mm step

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyko Optical Profiler Purpose This machine investigates variations in topography for surfaces surface. VSI (Vertical Scanning Interferometry) mode uses short coherence length of white light to measure fringe contrast is extracted for each point on the sample surface, resulting in a topographical map

  9. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Half spreading rate (mm per year)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Dietmar

    the speed of computers, modems, cars, photographic film, gas turbines and even your golf cart. But how would

  10. Acclimation rate and resistance to lethal temperatures of 20-35 mm striped mullet, Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, at various salinities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeiffer, Gerald Patrick

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    more populations. 18 MATERIALS AND METHODS Source of Fish 0 February 28. 1971, app u ' at ly4, 999~lac il c~ea 1 were captured on the west beach of Galveston Island. There were two sites of capture and two methods of capture. Station 1...

  11. Response of METEOSAT water vapour channel (*) M. Roulleau, M.-M. Poc, N. Scott and A. Chedin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    which connects the radiative energy received by the radiometer to the meteoro- logical parameters in the spectral range covered by the radiometer filter, this model determines high resolution transmissionBCm METEOSAT radiometer (water vapour channel) and the numerical parameters associated to each point

  12. A Virtual DSP System for Design Instruction of Power Converters AA.. KKeeyyhhaannii aanndd MM.. NN.. MMaarrwwaallii GGeerraalldd BBaauummggaarrttnneerr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumgartner, Gerald

    as a case study for the development of the testbed. The resonant power converters provide efficient electric `hard' switching power converters, a resonant converter utilizes a controlled series or parallel LC substantially reduce the switching losses occurred in the power transfer process Despite their attractiveness

  13. RELATIVISTIC JETS FROM ACCRETION DISKS R.V.E. LOVELACE, P.R. GANDHI and M.M. ROMANOVA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poynting jets. Poynting jets have also been proposed to be the driving mechanism for gamma ray burst

  14. [Km 100 to 1000 mM (17)] and to S. cerevisiae hexose transporters' apparent affinity for glucose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severson, David

    to biofuel-producing strains of yeast (Fig. 3) over- comes a major bottleneck to fermentation of lignocellulosic feedstocks and probably will help to make cellulosic biofuels economically viable. References, Biocatalysis Biotransform. 27, 27 (2009). 17. M. Chauve et al., Biotechnol. Biofuels 3, 3 (2010). 18. K. A

  15. Elements for the design of precision machine tools and their application to a prototype 450mm Si-wafer grinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothenhöfer, Gerald S. (Gerald Sven)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Next generation precision machines will require ever more rigid elements to achieve the required machining tolerances. The presented work focuses on the application of ultra stiff servo-controllable kinematic couplings and ...

  16. 1004 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 23, No. 13 / July 1, 1998 1.5-mm-band wavelength conversion based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fejer, Martin M.

    telecommunications band based on difference-frequency generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides converters was proposed.3 That architecture, exploiting the unique properties of DFG-based wavelengthGaAs) or limited homogeneous interaction lengths (in LiNbO3). Another critical issue with guided-wave DFG

  17. Development of TQC01, a 90 mm Nb3 Sn Model Quadrupole for LHC Upgrade Based on SS Collar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bossert, R. C.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A ) keys are inserted and hydraulic press load is released,coils and closed in a hydraulic press. Col- laring keys are

  18. Stratus Cloud Structure from MM-Radar Transects and Satellite Images: Scaling Properties and Artifact Detection with Semi-...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900Steep SlopeStochasticPlanHigh-Level RadioactiveStructure

  19. DOE Will Dispose of 34 Metric Tons of Plutonium by Turning it...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Will Dispose of 34 Metric Tons of Plutonium by Turning it into Fuel for Civilian Reactors | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People...

  20. DOE Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of CO2 in Michigan Basin

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Building on an initial injection project of 10,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide into a Michigan geologic formation, a U.S. Department of Energy team of regional partners has begun injecting 50,000 additional tons into the formation, which is believed capable of storing hundreds of years worth of CO2, a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change.

  1. Characterization of Arsenic Contamination on Rust from Ton Containers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary S. Groenewold; Recep Avci; Robert V. Fox; Muhammedin Deliorman; Jayson Suo; Laura Kellerman

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The speciation and spatial distribution of arsenic on rusted steel surfaces affects both measurement and removal approaches. The chemistry of arsenic residing in the rust of ton containers that held the chemical warfare agents bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide (sulfur mustard) and 2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine (Lewisite) is of particular interest, because while the agents have been decontaminated, residual arsenic could pose a health or environmental risk. The chemistry and distribution of arsenic in rust samples was probed using imaging secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Auger electron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX). Arsenic in the +3 and or +5 oxidation state is homogeneously distributed at the very top-most layer of the rust samples, and is intimately associated with iron. Sputter depth profiling followed by SIMS and XPS shows As at a depth of several nm, in some cases in a reduced form. The SEM/EDX experiments show that As is present at a depth of several microns, but is inhomogeneously distributed; most locations contained oxidized As at concentrations of a few percent, however several locations showed very high As in a metallic form. These results indicate that the rust material must be removed if the steel containers are to be cleared of arsenic.

  2. Criticality safety review of 2 1/2 -, 10-, and 14-ton UF sub 6 cylinders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broadhead, B.L.

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, UF{sub 6} cylinders designed to contain 2{1/2} tons of UF{sub 6} are classified as Fissile Class 2 packages with a transport index (TI) of 5 for the purpose of transportation. The 10-ton UF{sub 6} cylinders are classified as Fissile Class 1 with no TI assigned for transportation. The 14-ton cylinders, although not certified for transport with enrichments greater than 1 wt % because they have no approved overpack, can be used in on-site operations for enrichments greater than 1 wt %. The maximum {sup 235}U enrichments for these cylinders are 5.0 wt % for the 2{1/2}-ton cylinder and 4.5 wt % for the 10- and 14-ton cylinders. This work reviews the suitability for reclassification of the 2{1/2}-ton UF{sub 6} packages as Fissile Class 1 with a maximum {sup 235}U enrichment of 5 wt %. Additionally, the 10- and 14-ton cylinders are reviewed to address a change in maximum {sup 235}U enrichment from 4.5 to 5 wt %. Based on this evaluation, the 2{1/2}-ton UF{sub 6} cylinders meet the 10 CFR.71 criteria for Fissile Class 1 packages, and no TI is needed for criticality safety purposes; however, a TI may be required based on radiation from the packages. Similarly, the 10- and 14-ton UF{sub 6} packages appear acceptable for a maximum enrichment rating change to 5 wt % {sup 235}U. 11 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs.

  3. 9,997,638 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of April 9, 2015 | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE's Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is...

  4. 9,805,742 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of February 27, 2015...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE's Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is...

  5. 9,981,117 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of April 2, 2015 | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE's Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is...

  6. 9,355,469 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of January 29, 2015...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE's Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is...

  7. 9,449,421 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of February 12, 2015...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE's Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is...

  8. 10,045,885 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of April 16, 2015

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE’s Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is equivalent to the...

  9. 10,180,047 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of May 28, 2015 | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE's Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is...

  10. Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery Act Funds

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project reached its primary American Recovery and Reinvestment Act milestone ahead of schedule on Wednesday with the disposal of 2 million tons of...

  11. Planning for the 400,000 tons/year AISI ironmaking demonstration plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aukrust, E. (LTV Steel Corp., Cleveland, OH (United States). AISI Direct Steelmaking Program)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) has formulated a four-year program to design, construct, and operate a 400,000 net ton per year ironmaking demonstration plant. The plant will employ the coal-based ironmaking process developed under a 1989 cooperative agreement with DOE. AISI will manage the design and construction to be completed in the first two years and operate the plant for the second two years with a variety or ores, coals, and fluxes. Campaigns of increasing length are planned to optimize operations. After successful operation, the plant will be taken over by the host company. Results of studies to date indicate that, on a commercial scale, the AISI process will use 27% less energy and have variable operating costs $10 per ton lower and capital costs of $160 per annual ton, compared to the $250 per annual ton rebuild cost for the coke oven-blast furnace process it will replace. The process will enable the domestic steel industry to become more competitive by reducing its capital and operating cost. Furthermore, by eliminating the pollution problems associated with coke production and by completely enclosing the smelting reactions, this process represents a major step towards an environmentally friendly steel industry.

  12. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two firms with operations in Nevada and Oregon% of the titanium metal used was in aerospace applications. The remaining 40% was used in the armor, chemical

  13. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    172 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by three operations in Nevada and Utah. Ingot was produced. In 2011, an estimated 66% of the titanium metal was used in aerospace applications. The remaining 34

  14. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two firms with operations in Nevada and Oregon produced titanium forgings, mill products, and castings. In 1996, an estimated 65% of the titanium metal

  15. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    182 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two firms with operations in Nevada and Oregon% of the titanium metal used was in aerospace applications. The remaining 35% was used in the chemical process

  16. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two firms with operations in Nevada and Oregon produced titanium forgings, mill products, and castings. In 1997, an estimated 65% of the titanium metal

  17. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two operations in Nevada and Utah. Ingot was made forged components, mill products, and castings. In 2005, an estimated 65% of the titanium metal was used

  18. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two firms with operations in Nevada and Oregon% of the titanium metal used was in aerospace applications. The remaining 40% was used in armor, chemical processing

  19. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two operations in Nevada and Utah. Ingot was made forged components, mill products, and castings. In 2004, an estimated 60% of the titanium metal was used

  20. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two firms with operations in Nevada and Utah. Ingot to produce forged components, mill products, and castings. In 2001, an estimated 65% of the titanium metal

  1. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by three operations in Nevada, Oregon, and Utah. Ingot and castings. In 2006, an estimated 72% of the titanium metal was used in aerospace applications. The remaining

  2. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    172 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by three operations in Nevada and Utah. Ingot was produced. In 2012, an estimated 72% of the titanium metal was used in aerospace applications. The remaining 28

  3. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    170 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by three operations in Nevada and Utah. Titanium ingot and castings. In 2013, an estimated 73% of the titanium metal was used in aerospace applications. The remaining

  4. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by three operations in Nevada, Oregon, and Utah. Ingot and castings. In 2007, an estimated 76% of the titanium metal was used in aerospace applications. The remaining

  5. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two firms in Nevada and Oregon. Ingot was made by the two sponge producers and by nine other firms in seven States. About 30 companies produced titanium forgings, mill

  6. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two operations in Nevada and Utah. Ingot was made forged components, mill products, and castings. In 2002, an estimated 65% of the titanium metal used

  7. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    172 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by four operations in Nevada, Oregon, and Utah. Ingot and castings. In 2010, an estimated 75% of the titanium metal was used in aerospace applications. The remaining

  8. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by three operations in Nevada, Oregon, and Utah. Ingot and castings. In 2008, an estimated 79% of the titanium metal was used in aerospace applications. The remaining

  9. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by two operations in Nevada and Utah. Ingot was made forged components, mill products, and castings. In 2003, an estimated 55% of the titanium metal used

  10. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    174 TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Titanium sponge metal was produced by three operations in Nevada, Oregon, and Utah. A fourth, an estimated 76% of the titanium metal was used in aerospace applications. The remaining 24% was used in armor

  11. 2 million tons per year: A performing biofuels supply chain for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2 million tons per year: A performing biofuels supply chain for EU aviation NOTE It is understood that in the context of this text the term "biofuel(s) use in aviation" categorically implies "sustainably produced biofuel(s)" according to the EU legislation. June 2011 #12;2 This technical paper was drafted

  12. U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Downing, Mark [ORNL; Eaton, Laurence M [ORNL; Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL; Langholtz, Matthew H [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL; Stokes, Bryce [Navarro Research & Engineering; Brandt, Craig C [ORNL

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report, Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply (generally referred to as the Billion-Ton Study or 2005 BTS), was an estimate of 'potential' biomass based on numerous assumptions about current and future inventory, production capacity, availability, and technology. The analysis was made to determine if conterminous U.S. agriculture and forestry resources had the capability to produce at least one billion dry tons of sustainable biomass annually to displace 30% or more of the nation's present petroleum consumption. An effort was made to use conservative estimates to assure confidence in having sufficient supply to reach the goal. The potential biomass was projected to be reasonably available around mid-century when large-scale biorefineries are likely to exist. The study emphasized primary sources of forest- and agriculture-derived biomass, such as logging residues, fuel treatment thinnings, crop residues, and perennially grown grasses and trees. These primary sources have the greatest potential to supply large, reliable, and sustainable quantities of biomass. While the primary sources were emphasized, estimates of secondary residue and tertiary waste resources of biomass were also provided. The original Billion-Ton Resource Assessment, published in 2005, was divided into two parts-forest-derived resources and agriculture-derived resources. The forest resources included residues produced during the harvesting of merchantable timber, forest residues, and small-diameter trees that could become available through initiatives to reduce fire hazards and improve forest health; forest residues from land conversion; fuelwood extracted from forests; residues generated at primary forest product processing mills; and urban wood wastes, municipal solid wastes (MSW), and construction and demolition (C&D) debris. For these forest resources, only residues, wastes, and small-diameter trees were considered. The 2005 BTS did not attempt to include any wood that would normally be used for higher-valued products (e.g., pulpwood) that could potentially shift to bioenergy applications. This would have required a separate economic analysis, which was not part of the 2005 BTS. The agriculture resources in the 2005 BTS included grains used for biofuels production; crop residues derived primarily from corn, wheat, and small grains; and animal manures and other residues. The cropland resource analysis also included estimates of perennial energy crops (e.g., herbaceous grasses, such as switchgrass, woody crops like hybrid poplar, as well as willow grown under short rotations and more intensive management than conventional plantation forests). Woody crops were included under cropland resources because it was assumed that they would be grown on a combination of cropland and pasture rather than forestland. In the 2005 BTS, current resource availability was estimated at 278 million dry tons annually from forestlands and slightly more than 194 million dry tons annually from croplands. These annual quantities increase to about 370 million dry tons from forestlands and to nearly 1 billion dry tons from croplands under scenario conditions of high-yield growth and large-scale plantings of perennial grasses and woody tree crops. This high-yield scenario reflects a mid-century timescale ({approx}2040-2050). Under conditions of lower-yield growth, estimated resource potential was projected to be about 320 and 580 million dry tons for forest and cropland biomass, respectively. As noted earlier, the 2005 BTS emphasized the primary resources (agricultural and forestry residues and energy crops) because they represent nearly 80% of the long-term resource potential. Since publication of the BTS in April 2005, there have been some rather dramatic changes in energy markets. In fact, just prior to the actual publication of the BTS, world oil prices started to increase as a result of a burgeoning worldwide demand and concerns about long-term supplies. By the end of the summer, oil pri

  13. horizontal de 60 cm de long, avec une tension de 100 200 volts et du papier Whatman No 3MM de 5 cul de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    source, déposée à une extrémité, migrer environ jusqu'aux 2/3 de la longueur du papier. 147 Pm additionné même pour toutes les fractions de,1 /2 cm correspondant à la zone Sm - Pm - Nd. La raie de 121 ke carbone absorbant les p-, est (3 :1: 0,5)10-1 /P- de 14'Pm. C. Conclusion : Origine du rayonnement de 121

  14. Universite P. et M. Curie (Paris VI) code UE : MMAT4020 Deuxi`eme semestre 2010/2011 code Scolar : MM020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    texte de Marie­Jos´e Pestel [MJP] p. 51), un des hommes a deux pains, l'autre en a trois, le soldat entier a 0, l'autre en a b 0, et le soldat donne a + b pi`eces ? R´eponse. Dans le cas a/2 b 2a, le`eces du soldat et doit en recevoir b - 2a du premier. Dans le cas a 2b, le premier prend toutes les pi

  15. Universite P. et M. Curie (Paris VI) code UE : MMAT4020 Deuxi`eme semestre 2010/2011 code Scolar : MM020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    ­Jos´e Pestel [MJP] p. 51), un des hommes a deux pains, l'autre en a trois, le soldat donne 5 pi`eces. Dire quel 0, et le soldat donne a + b pi`eces ? 2. D´eduire la conjecture de Pillai de la conjecture abc. Plus

  16. Hypertension 442. Yu Z, Xu F, Huse LM, Morisseau C, Draper AJ, Newman JW, Parker C, Graham L, Engler MM, Hammock BD, Zeldin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    Hypertension 442. Yu Z, Xu F, Huse LM, Morisseau C, Draper AJ, Newman JW, Parker C, Graham L in angiotensin II hypertension. Hypertension 39(2 Pt 2):690­694 495. Fornage M, Hinojos CA, Nurowska BW pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hypertension 40(4):485­490 523. Przybyla-Zawislak BD

  17. 44 2010 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference ISSCC 2010 / SESSION 2 / mm-WAVE BEAMFORMING & RF BUILDING BLOCKS / 2.4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajimiri, Ali

    for power amplifiers with large instantaneous bandwidth. Moreover, software-defined radio and smart antenna systems require power stages capable of transmitting at programmable carrier frequencies within a large realized by the transformer for area saving. At the same time, the transformer also provides power

  18. 1.1 0.2 were bound to the column and were eluted by 30 mM and 1 M HCI, respec-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    infusion on postabsorp- tive glycemia in non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). V Rigalleau previously reported a hyper- glycemic effect of a lipid infusion in the postabsorptive state in NIDD patients patients. Fifteen received a 180 min lipid infusion (')veiip20%'; 0.0155 mUkg/min) and 15 received saline

  19. Incorporation of a QM/MM Buffer Zone in the Variational Double Self-Consistent Field Wangshen Xie, Lingchun Song, Donald G. Truhlar,* and Jiali Gao*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    -structure-based polarization force field, designed for molecular dynamics simulations and modeling of biopolymers in molecular dynamics simulations of large systems such as a solvated protein. Consequently, approximations function of each fragment in the presence of the instantaneous electric field from the rest of the system

  20. BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION -PLAN OF STUDY CATALOG YEAR: 2014-2015 Name________________________________________ PeopleSoft ID#____________________ Anticipated Date of Completion (MM/YY)_________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Page 1 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION - PLAN OF STUDY CATALOG YEAR: 2014-2015 Name-approved Business elective BADM 4075W MKTG 3101 MGMT 4902 Advisor-approved Business elective MGMT 3101 OPIM 3104 Extended core requirement Advisor-approved Business elective OPIM 3103 Extended core requirement Extended

  1. BUSINESS DATA ANALYTICS -PLAN OF STUDY CATALOG YEAR: 2014-2015 Name__________________________________________ PeopleSoft ID#________________ Anticipated Date of Completion (MM/YY) _________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Page 1 BUSINESS DATA ANALYTICS - PLAN OF STUDY CATALOG YEAR: 2014-2015 Name OPIM 3104 3000/4000 level Business elective 3000/4000 level Business elective FNCE 3101 OPIM 3505 3000/4000 level Business elective MGMT 4902 OPIM 3103 BADM 4075W BADM 4072 1 ACCT 2101: Recommended to take

  2. Reflective Cracking Study: First-level Report on HVS Testing on Section 591RF - 45 mm MAC15TR-GOverlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David; Wu, R.; Harvey, John T

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the asphalt concrete layer. Testing was stopped when thetesting being performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the results of the sixth HVS reflective cracking testing

  3. The effects of palmar feedback in 200mm Reticle Standard Mechanical Interface (SMIF) Pod handles with respect to hand pressure distribution and user preference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Pisces Shenique

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    guideline for SMIF-Pod palm padding, acquiring sensor data for nearly 60% of the pod's weight, and contributing to the science of ergonomics in the semiconductor industry. The sensor results are consistent with the results from the questionnaires...

  4. Stratus cloud structure from MM-radar transects and satellite images: scaling properties and artifact detection with semi-discrete wavelet analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, A. B. (Anthony B.); Petrov, N. P. (Nikola P.); Clothiaux, E. E. (Eugene E.); Marshak, A. (Alexander)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spatial and/or temporal variabilities of clouds is of paramount importance for at least two in tensely researched sub-problems in global and regional climate modeling: (1) cloud-radiation interaction where correlations can trigger 3D radiative transfer effects; and (2) dynamical cloud modeling where the goal is to realistically reproduce the said correlations. We propose wavelets as a simple yet powerful way of quantifying cloud variability. More precisely, we use 'semi-discrete' wavelet transforms which, at least in the present statistical applications, have advantages over both its continuous and discrete counterparts found in the bulk of the wavelet literature. With the particular choice of normalization we adopt, the scale-dependence of the variance of the wavelet coefficients (i.e,, the wavelet energy spectrum) is always a better discriminator of transition from 'stationary' to 'nonstationary' behavior than conventional methods based on auto-correlation analysis, second-order structure function (a.k.a. the semi-variogram), or Fourier analysis. Indeed, the classic statistics go at best from monotonically scale- or wavenumber-dependent to flat at such a transition; by contrast, the wavelet spectrum changes the sign of its derivative with respect to scale. We apply 1D and 2D semi-discrete wavelet transforms to remote sensing data on cloud structure from two sources: (1) an upward-looking milli-meter cloud radar (MMCR) at DOE's climate observation site in Oklahoma deployed as part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Progrm; and (2) DOE's Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI), a high-resolution space-borne instrument in sunsynchronous orbit that is described in sufficient detail for our present purposes by Weber et al. (1999). For each type of data, we have at least one theoretical prediction - with empirical validation already in existence - for a power-law relation for wavelet statistics with respect to scale. This is what is expected in physical (i.e., finite scaling range) fractal phenomena. In particular, we find long-range correlations in cloud structure coming from the important nonstationary regime. More surprisingly, we also uncover artifacts the data that are traceable either to instrumental noise (in the satellite data) or to smoothing assumptions (in the MMCR data processing). Finally, we discuss the potentially damaging ramifications the smoothing artifact can have on both cloud-radiation and cloud-modeling studies using MMCR data.

  5. A series of M-M' heterometallic coordination polymers: syntheses, structures and surface photoelectric properties (M=Ni/Co, M'=Cd/Zn)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Lei [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China); Niu, Shu-Yun, E-mail: syniu@sohu.co [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China); Jin, Jing; Meng, Qin; Chi, Yu-Xian; Xing, Yong-Heng [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China); Zhang, Guang-Ning [Institute of Chemistry for Functionalized Materials, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China)

    2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Four new heterometallic polymers, [NiCd(mal){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]n.2nH{sub 2}O 1, [NiZn{sub 2}(Hcit){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]n 2, [CoCd{sub 2}(Hcit){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]n 3, [CoZn{sub 2}(Hcit){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]n 4 (H{sub 2}mal=malonic acid, H{sub 4}cit=citric acid) were synthesized and characterized. The photoelectric properties of the polymers were discussed by the surface photovoltage spectroscopy (SPS). The structural analyses indicate 1 is a Ni-Cd heterometallic polymer with 3D structure bridged by the mal{sup 2-} group. 2-4 are all heterometallic polymers with 2D structures bridged by the Hcit{sup 3-} group. The results of SPS for the four polymers reveal that there are wide photovoltage response bands in the range of 300-800 nm, which indicates that they all possess photoelectric conversion properties. By the introduction of the other metals, the SPS of heterometallic polymers are broadened obviously than the SPS of monometallic complexes. Moreover, the relationships between SPS and UV-Vis absorption spectra have been discussed. -- Graphical Abstract: Four heterometallic polymers, Ni-Cd, Ni-Zn, Co-Cd, Co-Zn, were synthesized and characterized. The photoelectric properties of heterometallic polymers were discussed by SPS. The introduction of heterometallic ions will broaden the SPS of corresponded monometallic complexes. Display Omitted highlights: > Four new heterometallic coordination polymers were reported. > The surface photoelectric properties of heterometallic polymers were studied by SPS. > They all possess photoelectric conversion properties. > The SPS of heterometallic polymers are broadened than that of monometallic complexes.

  6. 9" La temprature critique de l'ther est gale 197,0 C. La pression critique est gale 27 1 8,mm == :~5alm, )'66. Le volume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    de naphtaline ou de pétroles. Les pétroles ont été obtenus par distillation fractionnée, et l'on peut obtenir avec eux des températures varian t de 2620 à 2770 par fraction de degré. Les températures qui, tout d'abord, avaient été déterminées au moyen d'un thermomètre à air, ont été mesurées à l'aide d

  7. Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 mm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baum, Bryan A.

    W. Dayton Street, Madison, WI 53706, United States b Texas A&M University, College Station, TX February 2014 Available online 11 March 2014 Keywords: Ice clouds Light scattering Remote sensing Radiative agreement between solar and infrared optical thicknesses. Finally, spectral results are presented

  8. Plasma Physics Challenges of MMPlasma Physics Challenges of MM--toto--THz and High Power MicrowaveTHz and High Power Microwave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solid StateSolid State Microwave Power ElectronicsMicrowave Power Electronics · Both convert kinetic Devices (Avg) Vacuum HPM (Peak) Solid State Lasers (Peak) Solid State Devices (Avg) Power(W) (Single ...BUT ... For f > 100 GHz VEDs frontier 1/f2P High power limit for Solid State 1/f 2 and HPM Frontier

  9. The sensitivity of the PSU-NCAR model (MM5) to cumulus parameterization in simulating the mesoscale environment associated with 2 June 1995 West Texas tornado outbreak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Sang-Ok

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On 2 June 1995, many supercede thunderstorms were graphics. observed in West Texas between Lubbock and Amarillo under the synoptic and mesoscale environment which was increasingly more supportive of severe convection. Of the storms, those which...

  10. Heat treatment and Magnetic Field Procedure A 32mm diameter bore resistive magnet with a 33T maximum field strength at the National High

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    -heating coil set-up has been designed to heat and cool the specimen while inside the bore of the magnetC/s to the annealing temperature. A 3-minute hold at 1000ºC was performed to fully transform the initial microstructure for the field to reach 30T. Specimen cooling was controlled via feedback loop such that by decreasing power

  11. J.A. Leenheer & M.M. Reddy, Annals of Environmental Science / 2008, Vol 2, 11-25 www.aes.northeastern.edu, ISSN 1939-2621 11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , including the Green River Formation oil shale, which is well known as one the world's largest potential

  12. perature, using a tensile tester and a strain rate of 5 mm min1 samples were tested for each specimen. The results obtained from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasarao, Mohan

    . Zhang, H. Li, M. Poh, F. Xia, Z. Y. Cheng, H. Xu, C. Huang, Nature 2002, 419, 284. [9] Q. M. Zhang, V. Bharti, X. Zhao, Science 1998, 280, 2101. [10] H. Xu, Z. Y. Cheng, D. Olson, T. Mai, Q. M. Zhang, Appl

  13. The QM/MM Molecular Dynamics and Free Energy Simulations of the Acylation Reaction Catalyzed by the Serine-Carboxyl Peptidase Kumamolisin-As

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, Maryland 21702, and Department of Biomolecular neurode- generative disease, classical late-infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (14). The three

  14. 23.2 A Modular 1mm3 Die-Stacked Sensing Platform With Optical Communication and Multi-Modal Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta, Prabal

    -programming or re-synchronizing once encapsulated. Other practical issues remain unaddressed, such as a means (Layer 4). Solar cells for energy harvesting and a low-power imager are placed in the top layer (Layer 1

  15. Frequency synthesis using concurrency: Reaching a solution to a few classical and hard headed RF and mm-wave integrated circuit problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jooyaie, Alborz

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a`mongst one’s personal devices and perhaps those of othersvarious mobile devices, from cell-phones to TV, to personal

  16. Structural properties of free-standing 50 mm diameter GaN waferswith (101_0) orientation grown on LiAlO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jasinski, Jacek; Liliental-Weber, Zuzanna; Maruska, Herbert-Paul; Chai, Bruce H.; Hill, David W.; Chou, Mitch M.C.; Gallagher, John J.; Brown, Stephen

    2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    (10{und 1}0) GaN wafers grown on (100) face of {gamma}-LiAlO{sub 2} were studied using transmission electron microscopy. Despite good lattice matching in this heteroepitaxial system, high densities of planar structural defects in the form of stacking faults on the basal plane and networks of boundaries located on prism planes inclined to the layer/substrate interface were present in these GaN layers. In addition, significant numbers of threading dislocations were observed. High-resolution electron microscopy indicates that stacking faults present on the basal plane in these layers are of low-energy intrinsic I1type. This is consistent with diffraction contrast experiments.

  17. Investigation of surface inhomogeneity and estimation of the GOES skin temperature assimilation errors of the MM5 implied by the inhomogeneity over Houston metropolitan area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Sang-Ok

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study developed a parameterization method to investigate the impacts of inhomogeneous land surfaces on mesoscale model simulations using a high-resolution 1-d PBL model. Then, the 1-d PBL model was used to investigate the inhomogeneity...

  18. The Ability of MM5 to Simulate Ice Clouds: Systematic Comparison between Simulated and Measured Fluxes and Lidar/Radar Profiles at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protat, Alain

    distribution are critical to the global radiative effect of ice clouds. One of the main uncertainties. To quantify the effect of these clouds onto climate and weather systems, their global coverage, altitude, tem effect. Both macrophysical and microphysical properties of ice clouds regulate this equilibrium

  19. Measurement of Boundary-Layer Temperature Profiles by a Scanning 5-MM Radiometer During the 1999 Winter NSA/AAO Radiometer Exp

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighand Retrievals from a NewCuneo Matthew1, 20121 H( 7 Be,Boundary-Layer

  20. A Specification Logic for Termination Reasoning Ton-Chanh Le, Cristian Gherghina, Aquinas Hobor, and Wei-Ngan Chin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobor, Aquinas

    A Specification Logic for Termination Reasoning Ton-Chanh Le, Cristian Gherghina, Aquinas Hobor a logical framework for specifying and proving asser- tions about program termination. Although termination. Here we propose to integrate termination requirements directly into our specification logic

  1. The Scale of the Energy Challenge 22,000 gallons of fuel oil 150 tons of coal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    and rooftops in the United States. The total land area required by nuclear power plants is small! Ã? 20 15The Scale of the Energy Challenge Biomass Wind Nuclear Solar 22,000 gallons of fuel oil 150 tons

  2. Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Reaches 5 Million Tons Disposed: Project

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions forCheneyNovemberiMid-LevelMoab Marks 6-Million-Ton CleanupAccomplishes

  3. Els UK SOI Ch04-N52975 Trim:165MM240MM 5-9-2007 9:30p.m. Page:117 Float:Top/Bot TS: Integra, India Fonts: Times & Copperplate 32BC 10/12pt Margins:Top:4pc Gutter:5pc T.Area:29pcx43p9 open recto 1 Color 44 Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieth, J. Heinrich

    Systems 4.5 Irrigation System Control Methods 4.6 Irrigation Decisions 4.7 Approaches to Making Irrigation 44 Lines 4 Irrigation in Soilless Production Heiner Lieth and Lorence Oki 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Root Zone Moisture Dynamics 4.3 Irrigation Objectives and Design Characteristics 4.4 Irrigation Delivery

  4. Cracked lifting lug welds on ten-ton UF{sub 6} cylinders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorning, R.E. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Piketon, OH (United States)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Ten-ton, Type 48X, UF{sub 6} cylinders are used at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant to withdraw enriched uranium hexafluoride from the cascade, transfer enriched uranium hexafluoride to customer cylinders, and feed enriched product to the cascade. To accomplish these activities, the cylinders are lifted by cranes and straddle carriers which engage the cylinder lifting lugs. In August of 1988, weld cracks on two lifting lugs were discovered during preparation to lift a cylinder. The cylinder was rejected and tagged out, and an investigating committee formed to determine the cause of cracking and recommend remedial actions. Further investigation revealed the problem may be general to this class of cylinder in this use cycle. This paper discusses the actions taken at the Portsmouth site to deal with the cracked lifting lug weld problem. The actions include inspection activities, interim corrective actions, metallurgical evaluation of cracked welds, weld repairs, and current monitoring/inspection program.

  5. 26The Frequency of Large Meteor Impacts On February 14, 2013 a 10,000 ton meteor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    over the town of Chelyabinsk and the explosion caused major damage to the town injuring 1,000 people `discovered' for many decades afterwards, the Chelyabinsk Meteor was extensively videoed by hundreds explodes with an energy of 4.2x109 Joules. How many tons of TNT did the Chelyabinsk Meteor yield

  6. Global MSW Generation in 2007 estimated at two billion tons Global Waste Management Market Assessment 2007, Key Note Publications Ltd ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    analyses the global waste market, with particular reference to municipal solid waste (MSW). Key NoteGlobal MSW Generation in 2007 estimated at two billion tons Global Waste Management Market between growth in wealth and increase in waste -- the more affluent a society becomes, the more waste

  7. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    174 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise-mining operations in Florida and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed in the United States 94% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by domestic titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigment

  8. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    174 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise-mining operations in Florida and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed in the United States 95% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by domestic titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigment

  9. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2, unless surface mining operations in Florida and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed deposits was zircon. About 97% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by domestic TiO2 pigment

  10. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    172 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise-mining operations in Florida and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed in the United States. About 95% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by domestic titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigment

  11. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2, unless surface mining operations in Florida and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed deposits was zircon. About 97% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by domestic TiO2 pigment

  12. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2, unless proprietary data. Based on average prices, the value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed in the United is zircon. About 95% of titanium mineral concentrates were consumed by five titanium pigment producers

  13. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise-mining operations in Florida and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed in the United States 94% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by domestic titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigment

  14. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise mining operations in Florida, Georgia, and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed deposits was zircon. About 97% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by domestic TiO2 pigment

  15. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise mining operations in Florida, Georgia, and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed deposits was zircon. About 97% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by domestic TiO2 pigment

  16. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    172 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise-mining operations in Florida and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed in the United States 94% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by domestic titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigment

  17. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of TiO2 content, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    174 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of TiO2 content, unless otherwise-mineral sands operations in Florida and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed deposits was zircon. About 95% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by TiO2 pigment producers

  18. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2, unless-mineral sands operations in Florida and Virginia. The value of titanium mineral concentrates consumed deposits was zircon. About 95% of titanium mineral concentrates was consumed by TiO2 pigment producers

  19. The Nature of Faint Blue Stars in the PHL and Ton Catalogues based on Digital Sky Surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andernach, H; W., W Copo Cordova; Santiago-Bautista, I del C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We determined accurate positions for 3000 of the "faint blue stars" in the PHL (Palomar-Haro-Luyten) and Ton/TonS catalogues. These were published from 1957 to 1962, and, aimed at finding new white dwarfs, provide approximate positions for about 10750 blue stellar objects. Some of these "stars" had become known as quasars, a type of objects unheard-of before 1963. We derived subarcsec positions from a comparison of published finding charts with images from the first-epoch Digitized Sky Survey. Numerous objects are now well known, but unfortunately neither their PHL or Ton numbers, nor their discoverers, are recognized in current databases. A comparison with modern radio, IR, UV and X-ray surveys leads us to suggest that the fraction of extragalactic objects in the PHL and Ton catalogues is at least 15 per cent. However, because we failed to locate the original PHL plates or finding charts, it may be impossible to correctly identify the remaining 7726 PHL objects.

  20. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: Manganese ore containing 35% or more manganese was not produced domestically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    purposes as producing dry cell batteries, as an ingredient in plant fertilizers and animal feed Recycling: Scrap recovery specifically for manganese was negligible, but a significant amount was recycled of nonstockpile- grade materials, as follows: 16,400 tons of natural battery ore, 81 tons of chemical ore, and 392

  1. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise specified) Domestic Production and Use: Manganese ore containing 35% or more manganese was not produced domestically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    for such nonmetallurgical purposes as producing dry cell batteries, as an ingredient in plant fertilizers and animal feed Recycling: Scrap recovery specifically for manganese was negligible, but a significant amount was recycled of nonstockpile-grade materials, as follows: 16,400 tons of natural battery ore, 81 tons of chemical ore, and 392

  2. (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Indium was not recovered from ores in the United States in 2004. Two companies,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    80 INDIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Indium-efficiency photovoltaic devices. A major manufacturer is testing indium for a new application as a heat-management material in computers, which could increase consumption by 40 metric tons per year. The estimated

  3. (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The United States was the largest producer and consumer of lithium minerals and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,000 tons of the material from the Department of Energy's stockpile, while the remaining 10,000 tons,700 1,800 150,000 160,000e Bolivia -- -- -- 5,400,00 Brazil 32 32 910 NA Canada 660 660 180,000 360

  4. High temperature experiments on a 4 tons UF6 container TENERIFE program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casselman, C.; Duret, B.; Seiler, J.M.; Ringot, C.; Warniez, P.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents an experimental program (called TENERIFE) whose aim is to investigate the behaviour of a cylinder containing UF{sub 6} when exposed to a high temperature fire for model validation. Taking into account the experiments performed in the past, the modelization needs further information in order to be able to predict the behaviour of a real size cylinder when engulfed in a 800{degrees}C fire, as specified in the regulation. The main unknowns are related to (1) the UF{sub 6} behaviour beyond the critical point, (2) the relationship between temperature field and internal pressure and (3) the equivalent conductivity of the solid UF{sub 6}. In order to investigate these phenomena in a representative way it is foreseen to perform experiments with a cylinder of real diameter, but reduced length, containing 4 tons of UF{sub 6}. This cylinder will be placed in an electrically heated furnace. A confinement vessel prevents any dispersion of UF{sub 6}. The heat flux delivered by the furnace will be calibrated by specific tests. The cylinder will be changed for each test.

  5. A Proposal for a Ton Scale Bubble Chamber for Dark Matter Detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collar, Juan; Dahl, C.Eric; Fustin, Drew; Robinson, Alan; /Chicago U.; Behnke, Ed; Behnke, Joshua; Breznau, William; Connor, Austin; Kuehnemund, Emily Grace; Levine, Ilan; Moan, Timothy; /Indiana U., South Bend /Fermilab

    2010-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The nature of non-baryonic dark matter is one of the most intriguing questions for particle physics at the start of the 21st century. There is ample evidence for its existence, but almost nothing is known of its properties. WIMPs are a very appealing candidate particle and several experimental campaigns are underway around the world to search for these particles via the nuclear recoils that they should induce. The COUPP series of bubble chambers has played a significant role in the WIMP search. Through a sequence of detectors of increasing size, a number of R&D issues have arisen and been solved, and the technology has now been advanced to the point where the construction of large chambers requires a modest research effort, some development, but mostly just engineering. It is within this context that we propose to build the next COUPP detector - COUPP-500, a ton scale device to be built over the next three years at Fermilab and then deployed deep underground at SNOLAB. The primary advantages of the COUPP approach over other technologies are: (1) The ability to reject electron and gamma backgrounds by arranging the chamber thermodynamics such that these particles do not even trigger the detector. (2) The ability to suppress neutron backgrounds by having the radioactively impure detection elements far from the active volume and by using the self-shielding of a large device and the high granularity to identify multiple bubbles. (3) The ability to build large chambers cheaply and with a choice of target fluids. (4) The ability to increase the size of the chambers without changing the size or complexity of the data acquisition. (5) Sensitivity to spin-dependent and spin-independent WIMP couplings. These key advantages should enable the goal of one background event in a ton-year of exposure to be achieved. The conceptual design of COUPP-500 is scaled from the preceding devices. In many cases all that is needed is a simple scaling up of components previously used. Calibration and R&D are still needed on some aspects of the system. We know we have the ability to distinguish alpha-induced events from nuclear recoils, but we do not yet know whether the combination of material purity and rejection are good enough to run for a year with no alpha background. We also need to have more detailed measurements of the detector threshold and a better understanding of its high gamma rejection. In addition, there are important checks to make on the longevity of the detector components in the hydraulic fluid and on the chemistry of the active fluid. The 2009 PASAG report explicitly supported the construction of the COUPP-500 device in all funding scenarios. The NSF has shown similar enthusiasm. It awarded one of its DUSEL S4 grants to assist in the engineering needed to build COUPP-500. The currently estimated cost of COUPP-500 is $8M, about half the $15M-$20M price tag expected by the PASAG report for a next generation dark matter search experiment. The COUPP-500 device will have a spin independent WIMP-nucleus cross-section sensitivity of 6 x 10{sup -47} cm{sup 2} after a background-free year of running. This device should then provide the benchmark against which all other WIMP searches are measured.

  6. Methodology for Estimating ton-Miles of Goods Movements for U.S. Freight Mulitimodal Network System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira Neto, Francisco Moraes [ORNL] [ORNL; Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL] [ORNL; Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ton-miles is a commonly used measure of freight transportation output. Estimation of ton-miles in the U.S. transportation system requires freight flow data at disaggregated level (either by link flow, path flows or origin-destination flows between small geographic areas). However, the sheer magnitude of the freight data system as well as industrial confidentiality concerns in Census survey, limit the freight data which is made available to the public. Through the years, the Center for Transportation Analysis (CTA) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been working in the development of comprehensive national and regional freight databases and network flow models. One of the main products of this effort is the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF), a public database released by the ORNL. FAF provides to the general public a multidimensional matrix of freight flows (weight and dollar value) on the U.S. transportation system between states, major metropolitan areas, and remainder of states. Recently, the CTA research team has developed a methodology to estimate ton-miles by mode of transportation between the 2007 FAF regions. This paper describes the data disaggregation methodology. The method relies on the estimation of disaggregation factors that are related to measures of production, attractiveness and average shipments distances by mode service. Production and attractiveness of counties are captured by the total employment payroll. Likely mileages for shipments between counties are calculated by using a geographic database, i.e. the CTA multimodal network system. Results of validation experiments demonstrate the validity of the method. Moreover, 2007 FAF ton-miles estimates are consistent with the major freight data programs for rail and water movements.

  7. Status of ArDM-1t: First observations from operation with a full ton-scale liquid argon target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ArDM Collaboration; J. Calvo; C. Cantini; M. Daniel; U. Degunda; S. Di Luise; L. Epprecht; A. Gendotti; S. Horikawa; L. Knecht; B. Montes; W. Mu; M. Munoz; S. Murphy; G. Natterer; K. Nguyen; K. Nikolics; L. Periale; C. Regenfus; L. Romero; A. Rubbia; R. Santorelli; F. Sergiampietri; D. Sgalaberna; T. Viant; S. Wu

    2015-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ArDM-1t is the first operating ton-scale liquid argon detector for direct search of Dark Matter particles. Developed at CERN as Recognized Experiment RE18, the experiment has been approved in 2010 to be installed in the Spanish underground site LSC (Laboratorio Subterraneo de Canfranc). Under the label of LSC EXP-08-2010 the ArDM detector underwent an intensive period of technical completion and safety approval until the recent filling of the target vessel with almost 2 ton of liquid argon. This report describes the experimental achievements during commissioning of ArDM and the transition into a stage of first physics data taking in single phase operational mode. We present preliminary observations from this run. A first indication for the background discrimination power of LAr detectors at the ton-scale is shown. We present an outlook for completing the detector with the electric drift field and upgrade of the scintillation light readout system with novel detector modules based on SiPMs in order to improve the light yield.

  8. Northern Michigan FruitNet 2013 Weekly Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pear: Bartlett: 15 mm Sweet Cherry: Hedelfingen: 12 mm Napoleon: 12 mm Gold: 11 mm Tart Cherry: 11 mm

  9. www.agbioresearch.anr.msu.edu Northern Michigan FruitNet 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ 20 mm Yellow Delicious ­ 19 mm Pear: Bartlett: 17 mm Sweet Cherry: Hedelfingen: 12 mm Napoleon: 12 mm

  10. ANR @ MSUANR @ MSU AgBioResearchAgBioResearch Expert Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mm fruit Napoleon: 12 mm fruit Gold: 12 mm fruit Tart Cherry: 9 mm fruit Balaton: 8 mm fruit Apricot

  11. Qualifying Energy Conservation Bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briggs, J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ESL-KT-13-12-39 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Allocated Utilized Arizona $ 67 mm $ 16 mm Arkansas $ 30 mm $ 0 mm California $381 mm $275 mm Colorado $ 51 mm $ 43 mm Florida $190 mm... $ 0 mm Georgia $100 mm $ 5 mm Illinois $134 mm $ 50 mm Kansas $ 29 mm $ 29 mm Louisiana $ 45 mm $ 30 mm Michigan $104 mm $ 11 mm Mississippi $ 30 mm $ 0 mm Oklahoma $ 38 mm $ 0 mm Washington $ 68 mm $ 40 mm TEXAS $252 mm $ 16...

  12. DESULFURIZATION OF COAL MODEL COMPOUNDS AND COAL LIQUIDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrathall, James Anthony

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clean Coal Produced, * T/D (Dry Basis) Installed Plant Cost,Plant Cost, MM$ Net Operating Cost, $/T (Clean Coal Basis)Cost increments fora 25246 ton coal per day SRC plant are

  13. Taking out 1 billion tons of CO2: The magic of China's 11th Five-Year Plan?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Lin, Jiang; Zhou, Nan; Levine, Mark; Fridley, David

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China's 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) sets an ambitious target for energy-efficiency improvement: energy intensity of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) should be reduced by 20% from 2005 to 2010 (NDRC, 2006). This is the first time that a quantitative and binding target has been set for energy efficiency, and signals a major shift in China's strategic thinking about its long-term economic and energy development. The 20% energy intensity target also translates into an annual reduction of over 1.5 billion tons of CO2 by 2010, making the Chinese effort one of most significant carbon mitigation effort in the world today. While it is still too early to tell whether China will achieve this target, this paper attempts to understand the trend in energy intensity in China and to explore a variety of options toward meeting the 20% target using a detailed end-use energy model.

  14. A FLUKA Study of $\\beta$-delayed Neutron Emission for the Ton-size DarkSide Dark Matter Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Empl, Anton

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the published cosmogenic background study for a ton-sized DarkSide dark matter search, only prompt neutron backgrounds coincident with cosmogenic muons or muon induced showers were considered, although observation of the initiating particle(s) was not required. The present paper now reports an initial investigation of the magnitude of cosmogenic background from $\\beta$-delayed neutron emission produced by cosmogenic activity in DarkSide. The study finds a background rate for $\\beta$-delayed neutrons in the fiducial volume of the detector on the order of < 0.1 event/year. However, detailed studies are required to obtain more precise estimates. The result should be compared to a radiogenic background event rate from the PMTs inside the DarkSide liquid scintillator veto of 0.2 events/year.

  15. Methods and results for stress analyses on 14-ton, thin-wall depleted UF{sub 6} cylinders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkpatrick, J.R.; Chung, C.K.; Frazier, J.L.; Kelley, D.K.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uranium enrichment operations at the three US gaseous diffusion plants produce depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) as a residential product. At the present time, the inventory of DUF{sub 6} in this country is more than half a million tons. The inventory of DUF{sub 6} is contained in metal storage cylinders, most of which are located at the gaseous diffusion plants. The principal objective of the project is to ensure the integrity of the cylinders to prevent causing an environmental hazard by releasing the contents of the cylinders into the atmosphere. Another objective is to maintain the cylinders in such a manner that the DUF{sub 6} may eventually be converted to a less hazardous material for final disposition. An important task in the DUF{sub 6} cylinders management project is determining how much corrosion of the walls can be tolerated before the cylinders are in danger of being damaged during routine handling and shipping operations. Another task is determining how to handle cylinders that have already been damaged in a manner that will minimize the chance that a breach will occur or that the size of an existing breach will be significantly increased. A number of finite element stress analysis (FESA) calculations have been done to analyze the stresses for three conditions: (1) while the cylinder is being lifted, (2) when a cylinder is resting on two cylinders under it in the customary two-tier stacking array, and (3) when a cylinder is resting on tis chocks on the ground. Various documents describe some of the results and discuss some of the methods whereby they have been obtained. The objective of the present report is to document as many of the FESA cases done at Oak Ridge for 14-ton thin-wall cylinders as possible, giving results and a description of the calculations in some detail.

  16. BB UU LL GG AA RR II AA NN AA CC AA DD EE MM YY OO FF SS CC II EE NN CC EE SS IINNSSTTIITTUUTTEE OOFF IINNFFOORRMMAATTIIOONN AANNDD CCOOMMMMUUNNIICCAATTIIOONN TTEECCHHNNOOLLOOGGIIEESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustakerov, Ivan

    Library (ITIL) ­ essence development, open problems Abstract: This article aims to give an overview over the ITIL framework objective. It is going to explain the rapidly growing IT business needs which had caused the development of this library. We are also going to follow the ITIL evolution history and find the circumstances

  17. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 12 March 2012 BIDS AWARDED CIVIL WORKS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS@ska.ac.za / mabela@ska.ac.za 1st Floor 17 Baker Street Rosebank Johannesburg South Africa 2196 Tel: +27 (0) 11 442

  18. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 05 July 2012 BIDS AWARDED PROCUREMENT OF VEHICLES FOR THE OPERATION@ska.ac.za 1st Floor 17 Baker Street Rosebank Johannesburg South Africa 2196 Tel: +27 (0) 11 442 2434 Fax: +27

  19. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 04 July 2012 BIDS AWARDED KAT 7 AND MEERKAT BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, 2 March 2012 at 11:00 Name of the Successful Bidders: Schneider- Electric South Africa Ceiling Price: tcheetham@ska.ac.za / mabela@ska.ac.za 1st Floor 17 Baker Street Rosebank Johannesburg South Africa 2196 Tel

  20. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 1st Floor The Park 17 Baker Street 3rd Floor Rosebank Park Rd Johannesburg Pinelands South Africa South Africa 2196 7405 Tel: +27 (0) 11 442 2434 +27 (0)21 506 7300 Fax: +27 (0) 11

  1. Example Operating, Design and Installation factors give a maximuExample Operating, Design and Installation factors give a maximu mm deviation of 30% and a minimum of 0%deviation of 30% and a minimum of 0%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Colin S. "Chip"

    % ABSTRACT Capital cost estimation is an integral part of Capstone Design. It provides the first opportunity. · 1968 - Guthrie publishes Capital Cost Estimation database. · 1987 - Hayes and Willis compare Guthrie. Consequently, escalation over significant intervals is necessary to estimate capital requirements. Commercial

  2. There are two ways of fixing parasites for IF or FISH. Either the cells are settled onto non-silanized coverslips (Fisher 12mm, #15) and then fixed (faster but harsher), or the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross, George

    . Washings (24-well plate) 1. Defrost PBG and store it on ice. Pre-heat formamide / 2xSSC to 37°C (formamide. Rinse briefly in pre-heated 2x SSC (50°C) 9. The probe/hyb mix should be denatured by now. Spot (50 µ as for hybridization) 4. Repeat wash, using vacuum pump to aspirate washing solution 5. Wash at RT as follows: 6. 2 x 5

  3. 2/1/2014 Micro Windmill-Powered Chargers -This 1.88MM Wide Windmill Can Recharge Your Smartphone Battery(VIDEO) http://www.trendhunter.com/trends/windmill-powered 1/7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Trends Cost Of Solar Panels www.homeadvisor.com Enter Your Zip Code & Connect. Pre-Screened Contractors Battery(VIDEO) http://www.trendhunter.com/trends/windmill-powered 1/7 Select Category TECH Wholesale Solar Panels www.solarhome.org 290W Trina Panels - from $0.69/watt In Pallet or Container Quantity Published

  4. Ertek, G., Tun, M.M., Kurtaraner, E., Kebude, D., 2012, 'Insights into the Efficiencies of On-Shore Wind Turbines: A Data-Centric Analysis', INISTA 2012 Conference. July 2-4, 2012, Trabzon,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    -Shore Wind Turbines: A Data-Centric Analysis', INISTA 2012 Conference. July 2-4, 2012, Trabzon, Turkey://research.sabanciuniv.edu. Insights into the Efficiencies of On-Shore Wind Turbines: A Data-Centric Analysis Gürdal Ertek, Murat University Istanbul, Turkey Abstract--Literature on renewable energy alternative of wind turbines does

  5. (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    46 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, Vermont. Together, these firms operated about 820 mines. Estimated value of all marketable clay produced was about

  6. (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    50 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin. A total of 238 companies operated approximately 700 clay pits or quarries. The leading 20 firms

  7. (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1997, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    46 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1997, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, Vermont, these firms operated approximately 739 mines. The estimated value of all marketable clay produced was about $1

  8. (Data in thousand metric tons, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1995, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    44 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1995, clays, these firms operated about 983 mines. Estimated value of all marketable clay produced was about $1.8 billion. Major domestic uses for specific clays were estimated as follows: kaolin--55% paper, 8% kiln furniture

  9. (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2000, clays were produced in all States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    46 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2000, clays were produced in all States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin. A total of 233 companies operated approximately 650 clay pits or quarries

  10. (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    50 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, New Hampshire, Rhode clay produced was about $2.14 billion. Major domestic uses for specific clays were estimated as follows

  11. (Data in thousand metric tons of metal, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, 13 companies operated 22 primary aluminum reduction plants. Montana,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . 18.5% ad val. Unwrought (other than aluminum alloys) 7601.10.6000 Free 11.0% ad val. Waste and scrap18 ALUMINUM1 (Data in thousand metric tons of metal, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, 13 companies operated 22 primary aluminum reduction plants. Montana, Oregon

  12. (Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2004, 6 companies operated 14 primary aluminum reduction plants; 6 smelters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Unwrought (other than aluminum alloys) 7601.10.6000 Free. Waste and scrap 7602.00.0000 Free. Depletion20 ALUMINUM1 (Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2004, 6 companies operated 14 primary aluminum reduction plants; 6 smelters continued

  13. (Data in thousand metric tons of metal, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, 12 companies operated 23 primary aluminum reduction plants. Montana,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .10.3000 2.6% ad val. Unwrought (other than aluminum alloys) 7601.10.6000 Free. Waste and scrap 760222 ALUMINUM1 (Data in thousand metric tons of metal, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, 12 companies operated 23 primary aluminum reduction plants. Montana, Oregon

  14. (Data in thousand metric tons of metal, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2001, 12 companies operated 23 primary aluminum reduction plants. The 11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    coils) 7601.10.3000 2.6% ad val. Unwrought (other than aluminum alloys) 7601.10.6000 Free. Waste20 ALUMINUM1 (Data in thousand metric tons of metal, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2001, 12 companies operated 23 primary aluminum reduction plants. The 11 smelters east

  15. (Data in thousand metric tons of metal, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2003, 7 companies operated 15 primary aluminum reduction plants; 6 smelters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Unwrought (other than aluminum alloys) 7601.10.6000 Free. Waste and scrap 7602.00.0000 Free. Depletion, prices in the aluminum scrap and secondary aluminum alloy markets fluctuated through September but closed20 ALUMINUM1 (Data in thousand metric tons of metal, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production

  16. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise specified) Domestic Production and Use: Manganese ore containing 35% or more manganese was not produced domestically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    for such nonmetallurgical purposes as producing dry cell batteries, as an ingredient in plant fertilizers and animal feed Recycling: Scrap recovery specifically for manganese was negligible, but a significant amount was recycled inventories of nonstockpile-grade materials, as follows, in tons: natural battery ore, 16,800; chemical ore

  17. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise specified) Domestic Production and Use: Manganese ore containing 35% or more manganese was not produced domestically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    of ore were used for such nonmetallurgical purposes as production of dry cell batteries, as an ingredient Recycling: Scrap recovery specifically for manganese was negligible, but a significant amount was recycled, as follows, in tons: natural battery, 16,800, and metallurgical, 331,000. Prepared by Thomas S. Jones [(703

  18. (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2006, based on contained zinc recoverable from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    186 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production accounted for about 80% of total U.S. production. Two primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary, and rubber industries. Major coproducts of zinc mining and smelting, in order of decreasing tonnage, were

  19. (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2003, based on contained zinc recoverable from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    188 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production three-fourths of total U.S. production. Two primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters uses. Zinc compounds and dust were used principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber

  20. (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2002, based on contained zinc recoverable from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    190 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production% of production. Two primary and 13 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters refined zinc metal of commercial principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts of zinc mining

  1. (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2004, based on contained zinc recoverable from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    188 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production% of total U.S. production. Two primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters refined zinc metal were used principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts

  2. (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only commercially active lithium mine in the United States was a brine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    94 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only commercially active lithium mine in the United States was a brine operation in Nevada. The mine's production capacity was expanded in 2012, and a new lithium hydroxide plant opened in North

  3. (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    100 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China, Russia, and the United States were large producers also. Australia, Canada, and Zimbabwe were major producers of lithium

  4. (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    98 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China, Russia, and the United States were large producers also. Australia, Canada, and Zimbabwe were major producers of lithium

  5. (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the leading lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    100 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the leading lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China, Russia, and the United States also were major producers. Australia, Canada, and Zimbabwe were major producers of lithium

  6. (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    96 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China, Russia, and the United States were large producers also. Australia, Canada, and Zimbabwe were major producers of lithium

  7. (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the leading lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    98 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the leading lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China, Russia, and the United States also were major producers. Australia, Canada, and Zimbabwe were major producers of lithium

  8. (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only commercially active lithium mine operating in the United States was a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    94 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only commercially active lithium mine operating in the United States was a brine operation in Nevada. Two companies produced a large array of downstream lithium compounds in the United States from

  9. (Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2009, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    44 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2009, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies operated approximately 830% drilling mud, 17% foundry sand bond, 14% iron ore pelletizing, and 20% other uses; common clay--57% brick

  10. (Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2008, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    46 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2008, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies operated approximately 830% drilling mud, 17% foundry sand bond, 14% iron ore pelletizing, and 20% other uses; common clay--57% brick

  11. (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Indium was not recovered from ores in the United States in 2007. Indium-containing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    were exported to Canada for processing. Two companies, one in New York and the other in Rhode Island gallium diselenide (CIGS) solar cells require approximately 50 metric tons of indium to produce 1 gigawatt of solar power. Research was underway to develop a low-cost manufacturing process for flexible CIGS solar

  12. (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world, followed by China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , but growing through the recycling of lithium batteries. Import Sources (1994-97): Chile, 96%; and other, 4 lithium salts from battery recycling and lithium hydroxide monohydrate from former Department of Energy102 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production

  13. (Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2013, 5 companies operated 10 primary aluminum smelters; 3 smelters were

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Use: In 2013, 5 companies operated 10 primary aluminum smelters; 3 smelters were closed temporarily, and Issues: In February 2013, the owner of the 270,000-ton-per-year Hannibal, OH, smelter filed for chapter in October. In June, the Sebree, KY, smelter was sold as part of a corporate restructuring. Expansion

  14. (Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2005, 6 companies operated 15 primary aluminum smelters; 4 smelters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Use: In 2005, 6 companies operated 15 primary aluminum smelters; 4 smelters continued. Most of the production decreases continued to take place in the Pacific Northwest. Domestic smelters from 693 thousand tons at yearend 2004. World Smelter Production and Capacity: Production Yearend

  15. (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2007, the United States consumed about 11% of world chromite ore production in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption was about $408 million as measured

  16. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2000, the United States consumed about 13% of world chromite ore production in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel and superalloys

  17. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The United States consumes about 13% of world chromite ore production in various

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals, chromium ferroalloys, and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal by end use was: stainless and heat-resisting steel, 76%; full-alloy steel, 8

  18. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2001, the United States consumed about 14% of world chromite ore production in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    46 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel and superalloys

  19. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2005, the United States consumed about 11% of world chromite ore production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Imported chromite was consumed by one chemical firm to produce chromium chemicals. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel

  20. (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2011, the United States was expected to consume about 5% of world chromite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2010 was $883 million as measured by the value

  1. (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2009, the United States was expected to consume about 7% of world chromite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and chromium metal. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2008 was $1,283 million

  2. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The United States consumes about 14% of world chromite ore production in various

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    48 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel and superalloys, respectively. The value

  3. (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2012, the United States was expected to consume about 6% of world chromite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production company produced chromium metal. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2011 was $1

  4. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2004, the United States consumed about 10% of world chromite ore production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    46 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Imported chromite was consumed by one chemical firm to produce chromium chemicals. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal was predominantly for the production of stainless and heat-resisting steel

  5. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The United States consumes about 16% of world chromite ore production in various

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals, chromium ferroalloys, and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal by end use was: stainless and heat-resisting steel, 74%; full-alloy steel

  6. (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2010, the United States was expected to consume about 2% of world chromite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    42 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2009 was $358 million as measured by the value

  7. (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2008, the United States consumed about 10% of world chromite ore production in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Stainless- and heat-resisting-steel producers were the leading consumers of ferrochromium. Superalloys require chromium. The value of chromium material consumption in 2007 was $548 million as measured

  8. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The United States consumes about 12% of world chromite ore production in various

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    44 CHROMIUM (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic chromium chemicals, chromium ferroalloys, and chromite-containing refractories, respectively. Consumption of chromium ferroalloys and metal by end use was: stainless and heat-resisting steel, 68%; full-alloy steel, 8

  9. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1997, little if any tungsten concentrate was produced from U.S. mines.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    182 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production in a significant decrease in mine production. The amount of tungsten concentrates remaining in stockpiles in China for the tungsten industry. Once the stockpiles are depleted, world mine production will have to increase to meet

  10. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Limited shipments of tungsten concentrates were made from a California mine in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 43%; Germany, 11%; Canada,630 1,450 Events, Trends, and Issues: World tungsten supply was dominated by Chinese production

  11. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: A tungsten mine in California produced concentrates in 2012. Approximately eight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 45,200 3,630 1,610 Events, Trends, and Issues: World tungsten supply was dominated by Chinese production

  12. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: One mine in California produced tungsten concentrates in 2010. Approximately

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Import Sources (2006­09): Tungsten contained in ores and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, Trends, and Issues: World tungsten supply is dominated by Chinese production and exports. China

  13. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, little if any tungsten concentrate was produced from U.S. mines.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    184 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, little if any tungsten concentrate was produced from U.S. mines. Approximately 10 companies in the United States processed tungsten concentrates, ammonium paratungstate, tungsten oxide, and

  14. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: A mine in California produced tungsten concentrates in 2009. Approximately eight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Import Sources (2005-08): Tungsten contained in ores and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, and Issues: World tungsten supply was dominated by Chinese production and exports. China's Government limited

  15. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: A mine in California restarted operations and made its first shipment of tungsten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    182 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 43%; Canada, 16%; Germany, 9 by Chinese production and exports. China's Government restricted the amounts of tungsten that could

  16. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last recorded production of tungsten concentrates in the United States was in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    182 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last recorded production of tungsten concentrates in the United States was in 1994 of ores and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste

  17. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last recorded production of tungsten concentrates in the United States was in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last recorded production of tungsten concentrates in the United States was in 1994. In 2000, intermediate and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 39%; Russia, 21

  18. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: A tungsten mine in California produced concentrates in 2013. Approximately eight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    174 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 45,100 2,300 2,240 Events, Trends, and Issues: World tungsten supply was dominated by Chinese production

  19. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: One mine in California produced tungsten concentrates in 2011. Approximately

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production (2007­10): Tungsten contained in ores and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, wrought: World tungsten supply is dominated by Chinese production and exports. China's Government regulates its

  20. Chemical reactions of UF{sub 6} with water on ingress to damaged model 48X 10 ton cylinder

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rothman, A.B.

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemistry studies of the effects of water flooding in Model 48X 10-ton UF{sub 6} storage cylinders, as a result of impact fractures, were conducted to support the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) review of the Paducah Tiger Overpack for transportation of those cylinders. The objectives of the study were to determine the maximum amount of water that could be admitted to the interior of such a damaged cylinder, the resulting geometries and chemical compositions from reactions of water with the UF{sub 6} contents of the cylinder, and the end-state water moderated and reflected configurations for input to nuclear criticality safety analyses. The case identified for analysis was the flooding of the inside of a cylinder, submerged horizontally in 3 ft of water. The flooding was driven by an initial pressure drop of 13 psig, through an assumed fracture (1/32 in. wide {times} 1/2 in. deep {times} 18 in. long) in the barrel of the cylinder. During the initial addition of water, transient back pressures occur from the effects of the heats of reaction and solution at the water/UF{sub 6} interface, with some chugging as more water is added to alternately coot the reaction surface and then heat it again as the added water reacts with more UF{sub 6}.

  1. ANR @ MSUANR @ MSU AgBioResearchAgBioResearch Expert Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ 24mm fruit Plum: Stanley ­ 12mm Apple: Red Delicious - 10mm Sweet Cherry: Napoleon ­ 14mm Tart Cherry

  2. Northern Michigan FRUITNET 2001 Weekly Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) ­ 23 mm Pear: Bartlett ­ 25 mm Apple: Red Delicious ­ 37mm Sweet Cherry: Napoleon ­ 20 mm Tart Cherry

  3. ANR @ MSUANR @ MSU AgBioResearchAgBioResearch Expert Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Bartlett: 9 mm fruit Sweet Cherry: Hedelfingen: 9 mm fruit Napoleon: 10 mm fruit Gold: 10 mm fruit Tart

  4. Review of corrosion in 10- and 14-ton mild steel depleted UF{sub 6} storage cylinders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lykins, M.L.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A literature review was conducted to determine the type, extent and severity of corrosion found in the 10- and 14-ton mild steel depleted UF{sub 6} storage cylinders. Also discussed in this review is corrosion found in the valves and plugs used in the cylinders. Corrosion of the cylinders is a gradual process which occurs slowly over time. Understanding corrosion of the cylinders is an important concern for long term storage of the UF{sub 6} in the cylinder yards, as well as the final disposition of the depleted UF{sub 6} tails inventory in the future. The following conclusions are made from the literature review: (1) The general external corrosion rate of the cylinders is about 1 to 2 mils per year (1 mil = 0.001{double_prime}). The highest general external corrosion rate was over 5 mpy on the 48G type cylinders. (2) General internal corrosion from the depleted UF{sub 6} is negligible under normal storage conditions. Crevice corrosion can occur at the cylinder/saddle interface from the retention of water in this area. Crevice corrosion can occur at the cylinder/skirt interface on the older skirted cylinders due to the lack of water drainage in this area. Crevice corrosion can occur on cylinders that have been in ground contact. Crevice corrosion and galvanic corrosion can occur where the stainless steel I.D. nameplates are attached to the cylinder. The packing nuts on the bronze one-inch valves used in the cylinders are susceptible to stress corrosion cracking (SCC). Mechanical damage from routine handling can lead to a breach in a cylinder with subsequent accelerated corrosion of the mild steel due to attack from HF and other UF{sub 6} hydrolysis by-products.

  5. XAX: a multi-ton, multi-target detection system for dark matter, double beta decay and pp solar neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Arisaka; H. Wang; P. F. Smith; D. Cline; A. Teymourian; E. Brown; W. Ooi; D. Aharoni; C. W. Lam; K. Lung; S. Davies; M. Price

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-target detection system XAX, comprising concentric 10 ton targets of 136Xe and 129/131Xe, together with a geometrically similar or larger target of liquid Ar, is described. Each is configured as a two-phase scintillation/ionization TPC detector, enhanced by a full 4pi array of ultra-low radioactivity Quartz Photon Intensifying Detectors (QUPIDs) replacing the conventional photomultipliers for detection of scintillation light. It is shown that background levels in XAX can be reduced to the level required for dark matter particle (WIMP) mass measurement at a 10^-10 pb WIMP-nucleon cross section, with single-event sensitivity below 10^-11 pb. The use of multiple target elements allows for confirmation of the A^2 dependence of a coherent cross section, and the different Xe isotopes provide information on the spin-dependence of the dark matter interaction. The event rates observed by Xe and Ar would modulate annually with opposite phases from each other for WIMP mass >~100 GeV/c^2. The large target mass of 136Xe and high degree of background reduction allow neutrinoless double beta decay to be observed with lifetimes of 10^27-10^28 years, corresponding to the Majorana neutrino mass range 0.01-0.1 eV, the most likely range from observed neutrino mass differences. The use of a 136Xe-depleted 129/131Xe target will also allow measurement of the pp solar neutrino spectrum to a precision of 1-2%.

  6. (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2003, clay and shale production was reported in all States except Alaska,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; bentonite-- 25% pet waste absorbent, 21% drilling mud, 21% foundry sand bond, 15% iron ore pelletizing,300 Imports for consumption: Artificially activated clay and earth 17 18 21 27 20 Kaolin 57 63 114 158 275,980 Consumption, apparent 37,500 35,600 34,800 34,600 34,600 Price, average, dollars per ton: Ball clay 40 42 42

  7. Product Description Destination Tons Cords MBF Stumpage Amount Hard Maple Sawtimber Grade 1 Aspen 0.35 400.00$ 140.00$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Product Description Destination Tons Cords MBF Stumpage Amount Hard Maple Sawtimber Grade 1 Aspen 0.35 400.00$ 140.00$ Hard Maple Sawtimber Grade 2 Aspen 3.29 250.00$ 822.50$ Hard Maple Sawtimber Grade 3 Aspen 2.38 160.00$ 380.80$ Hard Maple Veneer Aspen 600.00$ -$ Hard Maple Birdseye Aspen 0.055 700.00$ 38

  8. Northern Michigan FRUITNET'99 Weekly Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delicious - 42mm Sweet Cherry: Napoleon ­ 20mm Tart Cherry: Montmorency ­ 20mm Grapes: Buckshot berries

  9. Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasability of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.

    2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are both strongly committed to expanding the role of biomass as an energy source. In particular, they support biomass fuels and products as a way to reduce the need for oil and gas imports; to support the growth of agriculture, forestry, and rural economies; and to foster major new domestic industries--biorefineries--making a variety of fuels, chemicals, and other products. As part of this effort, the Biomass R&D Technical Advisory Committee, a panel established by the Congress to guide the future direction of federally funded biomass R&D, envisioned a 30 percent replacement of the current U.S. petroleum consumption with biofuels by 2030. Biomass--all plant and plant-derived materials including animal manure, not just starch, sugar, oil crops already used for food and energy--has great potential to provide renewable energy for America's future. Biomass recently surpassed hydropower as the largest domestic source of renewable energy and currently provides over 3 percent of the total energy consumption in the United States. In addition to the many benefits common to renewable energy, biomass is particularly attractive because it is the only current renewable source of liquid transportation fuel. This, of course, makes it invaluable in reducing oil imports--one of our most pressing energy needs. A key question, however, is how large a role could biomass play in responding to the nation's energy demands. Assuming that economic and financial policies and advances in conversion technologies make biomass fuels and products more economically viable, could the biorefinery industry be large enough to have a significant impact on energy supply and oil imports? Any and all contributions are certainly needed, but would the biomass potential be sufficiently large to justify the necessary capital replacements in the fuels and automobile sectors? The purpose of this report is to determine whether the land resources of the United States are capable of producing a sustainable supply of biomass sufficient to displace 30 percent or more of the country's present petroleum consumption--the goal set by the Advisory Committee in their vision for biomass technologies. Accomplishing this goal would require approximately 1 billion dry tons of biomass feedstock per year.

  10. A nuclear criticality safety assessment of the loss of moderation control in 2 1/2 and 10-ton cylinders containing enriched UF{sub 6}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newvahner, R.L. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Piketon, OH (United States); Pryor, W.A. [PAI Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Moderation control for maintaining nuclear criticality safety in 2 {1/2}-ton, 10-ton, and 14-ton cylinders containing enriched uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) has been used safely within the nuclear industry for over thirty years, and is dependent on cylinder integrity and containment. This assessment evaluates the loss of moderation control by the breaching of containment and entry of water into the cylinders. The first objective of this study was to estimate the required amounts of water entering these large UF{sub 6} cylinders to react with, and to moderate the uranium compounds sufficiently to cause criticality. Hypothetical accident situations were modeled as a uranyl fluoride (UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}) slab above a UF{sub 6} hemicylinder, and a UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} sphere centered within a UF{sub 6} hemicylinder. These situations were investigated by computational analyses utilizing the KENO V.a Monte Carlo Computer Code. The results were used to estimate both the masses of water required for criticality, and the limiting masses of water that could be considered safe. The second objective of the assessment was to calculate the time available for emergency control actions before a criticality would occur, i.e., a {open_quotes}safetime{close_quotes}, for various sources of water and different size openings in a breached cylinder. In the situations considered, except the case for a fire hose, the safetime appears adequate for emergency control actions. The assessment shows that current practices for handling moderation controlled cylinders of low enriched UF{sub 6}, along with the continuation of established personnel training programs, ensure nuclear criticality safety for routine and emergency operations.

  11. Authorized Limits for the Release of a 25 Ton Locomotive, Serial Number 21547, at the Area 25 Engine Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeremy Gwin and Douglas Frenette

    2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains process knowledge and radiological data and analysis to support approval for release of the 25-ton locomotive, Serial Number 21547, at the Area 25 Engine Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly (EMAD) Facility, located on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The 25-ton locomotive is a small, one-of-a-kind locomotive used to move railcars in support of the Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application project. This locomotive was identified as having significant historical value by the Nevada State Railroad Museum in Boulder City, Nevada, where it will be used as a display piece. A substantial effort to characterize the radiological conditions of the locomotive was undertaken by the NTS Management and Operations Contractor, National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec). During this characterization process, seven small areas on the locomotive had contamination levels that exceeded the NTS release criteria (limits consistent with U.S. Department of Energy [DOE] Order DOE O 5400.5, “Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment”). The decision was made to perform radiological decontamination of these known accessible impacted areas to further the release process. On February 9, 2010, NSTec personnel completed decontamination of these seven areas to within the NTS release criteria. Although all accessible areas of the locomotive had been successfully decontaminated to within NTS release criteria, it was plausible that inaccessible areas of the locomotive (i.e., those areas on the locomotive where it was not possible to perform radiological surveys) could potentially have contamination above unrestricted release limits. To access the majority of these inaccessible areas, the locomotive would have to be disassembled. A complete disassembly for a full radiological survey could have permanently destroyed parts and would have ruined the historical value of the locomotive. Complete disassembly would also add an unreasonable financial burden for the contractor. A decision was reached between the NTS regulator and NSTec, opting for alternative authorized limits from DOE Headquarters. In doing so, NSTec personnel performed a dose model using the DOE-approved modeling code RESRAD-BUILD v3.5 to evaluate scenarios. The parameters used in the dose model were conservative. NSTec’s Radiological Engineering Calculation, REC-2010-001, “Public Dose Estimate from the EMAD 25 Ton Locomotive,” concluded that the four scenarios evaluated were below the 25-millirem per year limit, the “likely” dose scenarios met the “few millirem in a year” criteria, and that the EMAD 25-ton locomotive met the radiological requirements to be released with residual radioactivity to the public.

  12. Assessment of Reusing 14-ton, Thin-Wall, Depleted UF{sub 6} Cylinders as LLW Disposal Containers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Connor, D.G.

    2000-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately 700,000 MT of DUF{sub 6} is stored, or will be produced under a current agreement with the USEC, at the Paducah site in Kentucky, Portsmouth site in Ohio, and ETTP site in Tennessee. On July 21, 1998, the 105th Congress approved Public Law 105-204 (Ref; 1), which directed that facilities be built at the Kentucky and Ohio sites to convert DUF{sub 6} to a stable form for disposition. On July 6, 1999, the Department of Energy (DOE) issued the ''Final Plan for the Conversion of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride as Required by Public Law 105-204 (Ref. 2), in which DOE committed to develop a Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Materials Use Roadmap''. On September 1, 2000, DOE issued the Draft Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Materials Use Roadmap (Ref. 3) (Roadmap), which provides alternate paths for the long-term storage, beneficial use, and eventual disposition of each product form and material that will result from the DUF{sub 6} conversion activity. One of the paths being considered for DUF{sub 6} cylinders is to reuse the empty cylinders as containers to transport and dispose of LLW, including the converted DU. The Roadmap provides results of the many alternate uses and disposal paths for conversion products and the empty DUF{sub 6} storage cylinders. As a part of the Roadmap, evaluations were conducted of cost savings, technical maturity, barriers to implementation, and other impacts. Results of these evaluations indicate that using the DUF{sub 6} storage cylinders as LLW disposal containers could provide moderate cost savings due to the avoided cost of purchasing LLW packages and the avoided cost of disposing of the cylinders. No significant technical or institutional issues were identified that would make using cylinders as LLW packages less effective than other disposition paths. Over 58,000 cylinders have been used, or will be used, to store DUF{sub 6}. Over 51,000 of those cylinders are 14TTW cylinders with a nominal wall thickness of 5/16-m (0.79 cm). These- 14TTW cylinders, which have a nominal diameter of 48 inches and nominally contain 14 tons (12.7 MT) of DUF{sub 6}, were originally designed and fabricated for temporary storage of DUF{sub 6}. They were fabricated from pressure-vessel-grade steels according to the provisions of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (Ref. 4). Cylinders are stored in open yards at the three sites and, due to historical storage techniques, were subject to corrosion. Roughly 10,000 of the 14TTW cylinders are considered substandard (Ref. 5) due to corrosion and other structural anomalies caused by mishandling. This means that approximately 40,000 14TTW cylinders could be made available as containers for LLW disposal In order to demonstrate the use of 14TTW cylinders as LLW disposal containers, several qualifying tasks need to be performed. Two demonstrations are being considered using 14TTW cylinders--one demonstration using contaminated soil and one demonstration using U{sub 3}O{sub 8}. The objective of this report are to determine how much information is known that could be used to support the demonstrations, and how much additional work will need to be done in order to conduct the demonstrations. Information associated with the following four qualifying tasks are evaluated in this report. (1) Perform a review of structural assessments that have been conducted for 14TTW. (2) Develop a procedure for filling 14TTW cylinders with LLW that have been previously washed. (3) Evaluate the transportation requirements for shipping 14TTW cylinders containing LLW. (4) Evaluate the WAC that will be imposed by the NTS. Two assumptions are made to facilitate this evaluation of using DUF{sub 6} cylinders as LLW disposal containers. (1) Only 14TTW cylinders will be considered for use as LLW containers, and (2) The NTS will be the LLW disposal site.

  13. Scale-up of mild gasification to be a process development unit mildgas 24 ton/day PDU design report. Final report, November 1991--July 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From November 1991 to April 1996, Kerr McGee Coal Corporation (K-M Coal) led a project to develop the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) Mild Gasification (MILDGAS) process for near-term commercialization. The specific objectives of the program were to: design, construct, and operate a 24-tons/day adiabatic process development unit (PDU) to obtain process performance data suitable for further design scale-up; obtain large batches of coal-derived co-products for industrial evaluation; prepare a detailed design of a demonstration unit; and develop technical and economic plans for commercialization of the MILDGAS process. The project team for the PDU development program consisted of: K-M Coal, IGT, Bechtel Corporation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale (SIUC), General Motors (GM), Pellet Technology Corporation (PTC), LTV Steel, Armco Steel, Reilly Industries, and Auto Research.

  14. (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2007, based on zinc contained in concentrate, was about

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    190 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production U.S. production. One primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters refined zinc metal by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts of zinc mining and smelting, in order

  15. (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 1995 was about $700 million. Essentially all came from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    188 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use were used principally by the agricultural, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts--United States: 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995e Production: Mine, recoverable 518 523 488 570 600 Primary slab zinc 253

  16. (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only active lithium carbonate plant in the United States was a brine operation in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    94 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only active lithium carbonate plant in the United States was a brine operation in Nevada. Two companies produced a large array of downstream lithium compounds in the United States from domestic or South

  17. (Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms used about 92% of the primary tin consumed

  18. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    170 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 90% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2012. The major uses were as follows

  19. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    174 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms used about 80% of the primary tin consumed

  20. (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 85% of the primary tin. The major uses

  1. (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1997, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1997, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 85% of the primary tin. The major uses

  2. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    172 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 81% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2006. The major uses were as follows

  3. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    172 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 86% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2008. The major uses were as follows

  4. (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 97% of the primary tin. The major uses

  5. (Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    174 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms used about 77% of the primary tin consumed

  6. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 81% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2005. The major uses were as follows

  7. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    170 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 84% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2009. The major uses were as follows

  8. (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 85% of the primary tin. The major uses

  9. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    168 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms accounted for about 90% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2013. The major uses for tin

  10. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    170 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 91% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2010. The major uses were as follows

  11. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 84% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2007. The major uses were as follows

  12. (Data in thousand metric tons of boric oxide (B2O3) unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Two companies in southern California produced boron minerals, mostly sodium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    proprietary data, U.S. boron production and consumption in 2010 were withheld. The leading boron producer standards with respect to heat conservation, which directly correlates to higher consumption of borates32 BORON (Data in thousand metric tons of boric oxide (B2O3) unless otherwise noted) Domestic

  13. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last reported U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2006,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last reported U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2006, approximately. Import Sources (2002-05): Tungsten contained in ores and concentrates, intermediate and primary products

  14. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last reported U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2003,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last reported U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2003, approximately and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 49

  15. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last reported U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2005,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    182 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last reported U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2005, approximately. Import Sources (2001-04): Tungsten contained in ores and concentrates, intermediate and primary products

  16. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last recorded U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2001,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last recorded U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2001, approximately, intermediate and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 41%; Russia, 21

  17. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last reported U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2002,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    182 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last reported U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2002, approximately, intermediate and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 48%; Russia, 16

  18. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last reported U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2004,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The last reported U.S. production of tungsten concentrates was in 1994. In 2004, approximately (2000-03): Tungsten content of ores and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, wrought

  19. New Houston NOx Rules: Implications and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cascone, R.

    Capex $MM NOx Reduction Tons/yr Net Cost NPV10 $MM Case 1 4 50 3.6 a. Defer 1 year 4.2 loss due to delay 0.6 b. Defer 2 years 5.4 loss due to delay 1.7 c. Defer 3 years 8.5 loss due to delay 4.8 Case 2 35 750 31.8 a. Defer 1 year 42...

  20. CORROSION OF ALUMINUM CLAD SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL IN THE 70 TON CASK DURING TRANSFER FROM L AREA TO H-CANYON

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mickalonis, J.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aluminum-clad spent nuclear fuel will be transported for processing in the 70-ton nuclear fuel element cask from L Basin to H-canyon. During transport these fuels would be expected to experience high temperature aqueous corrosion from the residual L Basin water that will be present in the cask. Cladding corrosion losses during transport were calculated for material test reactor (MTR) and high flux isotope reactors (HFIR) fuels using literature and site information on aqueous corrosion at a range of time/temperature conditions. Calculations of the cladding corrosion loss were based on Arrhenius relationships developed for aluminum alloys typical of cladding material with the primary assumption that an adherent passive film does not form to retard the initial corrosion rate. For MTR fuels a cladding thickness loss of 33 % was found after 1 year in the cask with a maximum temperature of 260 {degrees}C. HFIR fuels showed a thickness loss of only 6% after 1 year at a maximum temperature of 180 {degrees}C. These losses are not expected to impact the overall confinement function of the aluminum cladding.

  1. Running Process Plant Utilities Like a Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavone, A.

    ........ 5700 '0IIII( 440 OJIIII( '0IIII( 9400 20000 1300 3400 3500 1500 6200 2500 Agua de Enfriamienlo (m3) Energia Electrica (kwh) Vapor de Alta (ton) Vapor de Media (Ion) Vapor de Baja (ton) Vapor de 60 kg/cm2 (ton) 114 ESL-IE-95....U1m.1 6766862...1Z Total Vapor Production mtlD Servjcios Agua Enlrjamiento a Va po m.Mm! Utility Consumptjon Energia Electrica a Vapor Ini.hL.m..l 4_4_6_21__~ DOWNTIME (HRS) 4 ? Real Programado 2 Fallas mecaoicas 2 Disparios De Planta...

  2. Biomechanical Evidence of Low to Infrasonic Hearing in Mysticetes: Implications for Impacts D.R. Ketten1, 2, 3, J. Arruda2, S.R. Cramer2, A. Zosuls3, D.C. Mountain3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Ketten et al. 1998) Harbour Porpoise 24.2 mm Chinchilla 18.5 mm Grey Whale 60.2 mm Cat 25.8 mm Cochlear

  3. Screening Prosopis (Mesquite or Algarrobo) for Biofuel Production on Semiarid Lands1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    salars is because of its capability to extract water from the atmosphere, or from its ability to develop with 600 mm total water applica- tion. Dry matter production of 14,000 kg/ha has been obtained at projected harvested costs of $23.00 per ton or $1.35 per million Btu and com- pare favorably with natural gas, heating

  4. '"g,S"gOE`,,,OEW--`D","--h,,e<,,,, "--hV~...OE[V",--p,,OEY"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishii, Hitoshi

    50 60 70 80 Deflection(%) ReactionForce(ton) ·}3·@OEW--¯·}·i135,000m 3 LNG`D ·j OEW--¯·õ,Ì"Á·« ­h,000m 3 LNG`D ·j OEW--¯·õ,Ì"Á·« ­hOE½·Þ,Ì"Á·« Ó42mm·C,,·[··[v·ieC

  5. Bildergalerie HFF Festivals & Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baer, Christian

    a female. 2007, Vordiplom, 35 mm, 05:10 min, Farbe, Animation CREDITS Buch Tomer Eshed Regie Tomer Eshed Produktion Anne Baeker Kamera Tomer Eshed Szenenbild Jan Schneider Ton David Ziegler Musik Stefan Maria Schneider Montage Tomer Eshed Herstellungsleitung Holger Lochau FESTIVALS Imagine Amsterdam Fantastic Film

  6. Els UK Job: CDI Ch06-I047172 13-11-2007 11:15a.m. Page:245 Trim:165240MM Float:Top/Bot TS: Integra, India Fonts: Palatino & Helvetica 9/11 Margins:Top:4PC Gutter:5PC T. W:30PC open recto 1 Color 49 Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Commission, USA Summary With the advent of restructured electricity markets a contentious market design issue Chapter 6 The Cost of Anarchy in Self-Commitment-Based Electricity Markets RAMTEEN SIOSHANSI1 , SHMUEL OREN, AND RICHARD O'NEILL2 1 University of California, Berkeley, USA; 2 Federal Energy Regulatory

  7. Please cite this article in press as: M.M. Rogers, et al., HERO: A smart-phone application for location based emissions estimates, Sustain. Comput.: Inform. Syst. (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.suscom.2014.09.001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Weisong

    Locational marginal price Smart-phone Household energy a b s t r a c t A smartphone application has been for location based emissions estimates, Sustain. Comput.: Inform. Syst. (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j and Systems journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/suscom HERO: A smart-phone application for location

  8. 2013. 09. 10 Sangjo Han, Bumsuk Choi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (mm) 60 b3(mm) 7.5 ROTOR r4(mm) 56.5 z1(mm) 0 r4(mm) 56.5 z2(b4)(mm) 7.5 r5s(mm) 36 z5(Ax_Len)(mm) 32

  9. U.S. DOE Industrial Technologies Program – Technology Delivery Plant-Wide Assessment at PPG Industries, Natrium, WV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lester, Stephen R.; Wiethe, Jeff; Green, Russell; Guice, Christina; Gopalakrishnan, Bhaskaran; Turton, Richard

    2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    PPG and West Virginia University performed a plantwide energy assessment at the PPG’s Natrium, WV chemical plant, an energy-intensive manufacturing facility producing chlor-alkali and related products. Implementation of all the assessment recommendations contained in this report could reduce plant energy consumption by 8.7%, saving an estimated 10,023,192 kWh/yr in electricity, 6,113 MM Btu/yr in Natural Gas, 401,156 M lb/yr in steam and 23,494 tons/yr in coal and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 241 mm lb/yr. The total cost savings would amount to approximately $2.9 mm/yr. Projects being actively implemented will save $1.7 mm/yr; the remainder are undergoing more detailed engineering study.

  10. Microsoft PowerPoint - bpm camera resolution measurements.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    per mm Resolution edge 46x55 micronpix 11 lines per mm 213 34x26.5 mm 195 mm Pixel Calibration Resolution Center Relative intensity Field of view Work Dist Zoom lens with 15 mm...

  11. The BosTon College STOKES HALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    's enduring commit- ment to the liberal arts," said Col- lege of Arts & Sciences Dean Da- vid Quigley. "The David Quigley September 30, 2010 Publi

  12. Incorporating safety into surface haulage in the Powder River basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffery, W.; Jennings, C.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Powder River Basin (PRB) coal deposit extends from southeast Montana to northeast Wyoming. This paper describes a number of haulage practices and tools in use at several mines of the southern PRB and the way in which safety has been designed into and implemented for surface haulage of coal and overburden. Experiences described herein focus on the northeastern corner of Wyoming. All the mines in this area rely on safe and efficient movement of enormous volumes of material, and the results achieved in safety underscore the planning and attention to detail present in the PRB. There are currently 12 large surface mines (those greater than 10.0MM tons/year) operating in this area. In 1995, these mines produced over 230.0MM tons of coal.

  13. Development of Next Generation Heating System for Scale Free Steel Reheating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Arvind C. Thekdi

    2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The work carried out under this project includes development and design of components, controls, and economic modeling tools that would enable the steel industry to reduce energy intensity through reduction of scale formation during the steel reheating process. Application of scale free reheating offers savings in energy used for production of steel that is lost as scale, and increase in product yield for the global steel industry. The technology can be applied to a new furnace application as well as retrofit design for conversion of existing steel reheating furnaces. The development work has resulted in the knowledge base that will enable the steel industry and steel forging industry us to reheat steel with 75% to 95% reduction in scale formation and associated energy savings during the reheating process. Scale reduction also results in additional energy savings associated with higher yield from reheat furnaces. Energy used for steel production ranges from 9 MM Btu/ton to 16.6 MM Btu/ton or the industry average of approximately 13 MM Btu/ton. Hence, reduction in scale at reheating stage would represent a substantial energy reduction for the steel industry. Potential energy savings for the US steel industry could be in excess of 25 Trillion Btu/year when the technology is applied to all reheating processes. The development work has resulted in new design of reheating process and the required burners and control systems that would allow use of this technology for steel reheating in steel as well as steel forging industries.

  14. Performance Evaluation of a 4.5 kW (1.3 Refrigeration Tons) Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide/Water Solar Powered (Hot-Water-Fired) Absorption Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaltash, Abdolreza [ORNL; Petrov, Andrei Y [ORNL; Linkous, Randall Lee [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the summer months, air-conditioning (cooling) is the single largest use of electricity in both residential and commercial buildings with the major impact on peak electric demand. Improved air-conditioning technology has by far the greatest potential impact on the electric industry compared to any other technology that uses electricity. Thermally activated absorption air-conditioning (absorption chillers) can provide overall peak load reduction and electric grid relief for summer peak demand. This innovative absorption technology is based on integrated rotating heat exchangers to enhance heat and mass transfer resulting in a potential reduction of size, cost, and weight of the "next generation" absorption units. Rotartica Absorption Chiller (RAC) is a 4.5 kW (1.3 refrigeration tons or RT) air-cooled lithium bromide (LiBr)/water unit powered by hot water generated using the solar energy and/or waste heat. Typically LiBr/water absorption chillers are water-cooled units which use a cooling tower to reject heat. Cooling towers require a large amount of space, increase start-up and maintenance costs. However, RAC is an air-cooled absorption chiller (no cooling tower). The purpose of this evaluation is to verify RAC performance by comparing the Coefficient of Performance (COP or ratio of cooling capacity to energy input) and the cooling capacity results with those of the manufacturer. The performance of the RAC was tested at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in a controlled environment at various hot and chilled water flow rates, air handler flow rates, and ambient temperatures. Temperature probes, mass flow meters, rotational speed measuring device, pressure transducers, and a web camera mounted inside the unit were used to monitor the RAC via a web control-based data acquisition system using Automated Logic Controller (ALC). Results showed a COP and cooling capacity of approximately 0.58 and 3.7 kW respectively at 35 C (95 F) design condition for ambient temperature with 40 C (104 F) cooling water temperature. This is in close agreement with the manufacturer data of 0.60 for COP and 3.9 kW for cooling capacity. This study resulted in a complete performance map of RAC which will be used to evaluate the potential benefits of rotating heat exchangers in making the "next-generation" absorption chillers more compact and cost effective without any significant degradation in the performance. In addition, the feasibility of using rotating heat exchangers in other applications will be evaluated.

  15. Samuel Barber's Piano Sonata, Op. 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Jayoung

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as follows: Exposition (mm. 1-50) First theme (mm. 1-19) Transition (mm.20-22) Second theme group (mm.23-50) Development (mm.51-109) First section (mm.51-74) Second section (mm.75-87) Third section (mm.88-109) Recapitulation (mm. 110-148) First... theme (mm.l 10-126) Transition (mm. 127-128) Second theme group (mm. 129-148) Coda(mm.l49-166) The primary theme is mm. 1-19. 2 Example 1. Sonata, first movement, mm. 1-5 The second theme group is mm.23-50. rm A m r ' i ^ r =^E= «] * 1 — 4e—p—1...

  16. Design and Fabrication of a High Aspect Ratio Cable for a High Gradie nt Quadrupole Magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanlan, R.M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0 25 mm Illick x 9.5 mm wide polyimide, followed with a .05mm x 9.5 mm wide polyimide film wound with a 2JllOl gap (

  17. Frequency dependent analysis of shielded coplanar waveguide single and cascaded step discontinuities by the mode matching technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Khwaja Mustafizur

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TABLE Page ifumber of terms M and calculated results of CPW eigenmodes. E'r 1 ~ cps 96, ss ? l. , hs ? 3. mm, hr=1. mm, h, =3. mm, a=7. 5 mm, S=2 mm, W ? 1. mm, f 30 GHz 30 Comparison of the effective dielectric constants between our anal- ysis... and i46]. szr ? szs = 1 e s = 9 6, hs 1 mm, hs ? hr ? 3mm, a=7. 5mm, S=2 mm, W=l mm, f=30 GHz, iVI=4 LIST OF FIGURES F ICi'RE Pa, ge Planar transmission bnes used in microwave integrated circuits . . . 3 Various types of microstrip discontinuities...

  18. Large Eddy Simulations of Jet Flow Interactions Within Rod Bundles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salpeter, Nathaniel O.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    5,603,819 4 2.00mm 4,439,612 5 3.00mm 4,237,281 19 a) 0.65mm Cell Size b) 0.75mm Cell Size b) 0.9mm Cell Size c) 1.2mm Cell Size d) 2mm Cell Size e) 3mm Cell Size... ................................................................................................. 16 2.3. Grid Sensitivity Study Results and Discussion .............................................. 23 2.4. Analysis Methods ........................................................................................... 31 3. RESULTS...

  19. The dawning of musical aspect in process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obrecht, Alexander Guy

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    processes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139 Figure 3.5 Rhythmic processes (mm. 1–and Rhythmic processes (vln. mm. 2–5). . . . . . . . . . .

  20. The Oedipodinae of Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beamer, Raymond H.(Raymond Hill),1889-

    with the latter holding undisputed sway on the flat barren top. Female Male Measurements. Body Tegmina 50-46 mm 44.5-39 mm Post, femora 25.5-22.5 mm 34-29 mm 33.5-30.5 mm 18.5-18 mm Distribution. 74 Fig.96. y Hippiscus phoenicopterus G.&B. HIPPISCUS...

  1. SUPPORTING INFORMATION FOR Microgram-Scale Testing of Reaction Conditions Using Nanoliter-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    magnetic resonance (1 H NMR): Bruker DRX-500 spectrometer Carbon nuclear magnetic resonance (13 C NMR the parenthesis are the lengths of plunger movement): gas bubble (0.08 mm), carrier fluid (0.10 mm), buffer plug (0.20 mm), carrier fluid (0.10 mm), gas bubble (0.08 mm), the first reagent (0.09 mm), gas bubble (0

  2. A New Colonial Anelosimus Spider From Suriname (Araneae: Theridiidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Herbert W.; Smith, Deborah R.

    1982-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    by the editor September 14, 1982. 275 276 Psyche [Vol. 89 Anterior median eyes their diameter apart, 0.3 diameters from later- als. Posterior median eyes slightly more than their diameter apart, their diameter from laterals. Total length, 3.2 mm. Carapace, 1....3 mm long, 0.9 mm wide. First femur, 1.7 mm; patella and tibia, 1.7 mm; metatarsus, 1.3 mm; tarsus, 0.8 mm. Second patella and tibia, 1.4 mm; third, 1.1 mm; fourth, 1.5 mm. Male. Carapace, sternum orange. Legs yellow-white. Abdomen orange to black. Eyes...

  3. Revision of the orchid bee subgenus Euglossella (Hymenoptera, Apidae), Part I, The decorata species group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinojosa-Dí az, Ismael A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    ) (Fig. 15). Description. ?: Structure. Total body length 12.44 mm; labiomaxillary complex in repose reaching posterior tip of metasoma (estimate) (Fig. 8). Head length 2.85 mm, width 5.11 mm; upper interorbital distance 2.44 mm; lower interorbital... distance 2.26 mm; upper clypeal width 1.19 mm; lower clypeal width 2.19 mm; clypeal pro- tuberance 0.81 mm; medial and paramedial clypeal ridges well developped; labrum slightly wider than long, length 1.19 mm, width 1.26 mm; medial labral ridge sharp...

  4. Experimental investigation of the condensation phenomenon in micro-grooved plates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barron-Jimenez, Rodolfo

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pressure induced by the difference in curvature of the meniscus formed in the groove. Triangular micro-grooves of different apex angles (45° and 60°), and hydraulic diameters (0.14 mm, 0.20 mm, 0.21 mm, 0.32 mm, and 0.33 mm) were machined on a copper plate...

  5. High Power Targetry Workshop May 3rd , 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    in beam direction ~25 mm Beam Target thickness mm for 30 % of range Number of slices 1 mm thick Power loss/slice [kW] Number of slices 0.2 mm thick Power loss/slice [kW] Number of slices 0.1 mm thick Power loss

  6. Evidence for the generation of juvenile granitic crust during continental extension, Mineral Mountains Batholith, Utah

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coleman, Drew S.; Walker, J. Douglas

    1992-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    by Coleman [ 1991]. The data in Table 2 Sm MM88-3 MM88-5 MM88-6 MM88-7 MM88-8 TABLE 1. Sample Descriptions and Locations Field Description* (Mmg) thin granophyric dike in biotite-hornblende granite Lincoln porphyry from Lincoln mine (Mbhm...

  7. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2p c10.3 mm, T 2p c12.5 mm) Si Prism + SiC Film Fabrication *Step 1: cutting Si discs (D5cm, t5mm) into 22x12x5 mm "bricks" *Step 2: growth of 1.7 mm SiC in Lyon, France...

  8. Coolerado 5 Ton RTU Performance: Western Cooling Challenge Results (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kozubal, E.; Slayzak, S.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Western Cooling Efficiency Center (WCEC) developed a set of criteria for test conditions, minimum energy, and water use performance for prototype cooling equipment and identified these conditions as indicative of western state climates.

  9. 150 g-ton Capacity Centrifuge Renssealer Polytechnic Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Khaled

    comprised of periodic, aperiodic, random, or scaled earthquake signals. The large 1D shaker is a servo, the adjacent cyclic soils, laboratory and computers for small soil sample, soil characterization to the study of the effects of liquefaction during lateral spreading near pile foundation. #12;NEES

  10. Hanford Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ERDF comprises a series disposal areas called cells. Each pair of cells is 70 feet deep, 500 feet wide and 1,000 feet long at the base - large enough to hold about three million...

  11. (Data in metric tons of silver content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in casino chips, freeway toll transponders, gasoline speed purchase devices, passports, and on packages,680 6,600 Exports 2 797 685 478 796 1,000 Consumption, apparent 5,250 6,300 4,600 7,220 7,850 Price September 2011, silver prices averaged $36.39 per troy ounce. The overall rise in silver prices corresponded

  12. Linear Extrusion 400 Tons/Day Dry Solids Pump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenneth Sprouse; David Matthews

    2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) has developed an innovative gasifier concept that uses rocket engine experience to significantly improve gasifier performance, life, and cost compared to current state-of-the-art systems. The PWR gasifier concept uses a compact and highly efficient (>50%) dry solids pump that has excellent availability (>99.5%). PWR is currently developing this dry solids pump under a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) cooperative agreement. The conceptual design on two dry solids pumps were completed under this agreement and one pump concept was selected for preliminary design. A preliminary design review (PDR) of the selected pump was presented on September 20, 2007 to PWR management and numerous technical specialists. Feedback from the PDR review team has been factored into the design and a Delta-PDR was held on April 9, 2008.

  13. Department of Energy Releases New 'Billion-Ton' Study Highlighting...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    biomass resources identified in the report could be used to produce clean, renewable biofuels, biopower, or bioproducts. For example, with continued developments in biorefinery...

  14. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    concentrates: Australia, 48%; South Africa, 47%; and other, 5%. Zirconium, unwrought, including powder: France, 51%; Germany, 10%; United Kingdom, 10%; South Africa, 9%; and other, 20%. Hafnium, unwrought: France. The leading consumers of zirconium metal and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy and chemical process

  15. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    consumers of zirconium and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy and chemical process industries. Salient during metal production and fabrication and was recycled by companies in Oregon and Utah. Scrap zirconium. Zirconium and hafnium metal were produced from zircon by two domestic producers, one in Oregon and the other

  16. 14,700 tons of silver at Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    conductors for the calutron magnets was because of a shortage of copper during the war. As you will recall, Gen. Groves sent Col. Nichols to arrange for the purchase of as...

  17. (Data in metric tons of silver content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    odor, electronics and circuit boards, electroplating, hardening bearings, inks, mirrors, solar cells,250 1,250 1,280 Refinery: Primary 2,210 791 779 796 800 Secondary (new and old scrap) 1,110 1,220 1

  18. (Data in metric tons of gold content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %; electrical and electronics, 9%; dental and other, 22%. Salient Statistics--United States: 2006 2007 2008 2009,630 9,700 Net import reliance 6 as a percentage of apparent consumption E E E E 33 Recycling: In 2010­09): 2 Canada, 31%; Mexico, 30%; Peru, 13%; Chile, 8%; and other, 18%. Tariff: Most imports of unwrought

  19. (Data in metric tons of gold content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %; electrical and electronics, 7%; dental and other, 21%. Salient Statistics--United States: 2005 2006 2007 2008 ounce 4 446 606 699 *874 950 Employment, mine and mill, number 5 7,910 8,350 9,130 9,560 9,600 Net%; Peru, 29%; Mexico, 16%; Chile, 9%; and other, 16%. Tariff: Most imports of unwrought gold, including

  20. (Data in metric tons of gold content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %; dental, 10%; electrical and electronics, 7%; and other, 29%. Salient Statistics--United States: 2007 2008,560 9,630 10,200 10,300 Net import reliance 6 as a percentage of apparent consumption E E E 40 36 Sources (2007­10): 2 Mexico, 49%; Canada, 25%; Colombia, 8%; Peru, 5%; and other, 13%. Tariff: Most

  1. (Data in metric tons of gold content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %; dental, 12%; electrical and electronics, 5%; and other, 17%. Salient Statistics--United States: 2008 2009 9,560 9,650 10,300 11,200 12,000 Net import reliance 6 as a percentage of apparent consumption E E consumption. Import Sources (2008­11): 2 Mexico, 57%; Canada, 20%; Colombia, 9%; Peru, 3%; and other, 11

  2. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). Government Stockpile: None. Events, Trends, and Issues: Domestic consumption of zirconium mineral coatings, and sandblasting. The leading consumers of zirconium and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy,610 1,720 Zirconium oxide1 1,520 1,600 2,260 3,340 2,270 Consumption, zirconium ores and concentrates

  3. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockpile: None. Events, Trends, and Issues: Domestic consumption of zirconium mineral concentrates coatings, and sandblasting. The leading consumers of zirconium and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy,830 1,910 Zirconium oxide1 1,600 2,260 3,340 2,400 3,310 Consumption, zirconium ores and concentrates

  4. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @usgs.gov, fax: (703) 648-7757] #12;187 ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM Events, Trends, and Issues: Domestic consumption coatings, and sandblasting. The leading consumers of zirconium and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy,080 2,300 Zirconium oxide1 2,260 3,340 2,400 2,970 1,700 Consumption, zirconium ores and concentrates

  5. (Data in metric tons of gold content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , expansion projects, and development projects were placed on hold because of the drop in the price of gold,140 8,140 Price, dollars per troy ounce 4 975 1,228 1,572 1,673 1,400 Employment, mine and mill, number, and Issues: The estimated gold price in 2013 was 16% lower than the price in 2012. This was the first time

  6. (Data in metric tons1 of gold content, unless noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Defense administers a Government-wide secondary precious metals recovery program. Events, Trends Refinery: Primary 225 284 243 241 240 Secondary 153 163 152 148 150 Imports2 154 159 144 114 115 Exports2

  7. Energy Department Sponsored Project Captures One Millionth Metric Ton of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,OfficeEnd of Year 2010 SNFEnergy Policy Act of 2005 | Department ofCO2 |

  8. Hanford Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal Mark

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaefer To: CongestionDevelopmentHEADQUARTERSOutreachAprilJohn Britton, withShows

  9. Energy Department Employee Recognized for Eliminating One Million Tons of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: Final EnvironmentalCounties, Idaho ||GeothermalNatural GasDepartmentDevelopmentIrene

  10. Picture of the Week: The 100-Ton Test

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeeding accessPeptoidLabPhysics Physics Our sciencePhysics53 Fuel25466

  11. Department of Energy Releases New 'Billion-Ton' Study Highlighting

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0andEnergyGlobal Nuclearof a SecondSupport

  12. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 24, 2014: Massive 30-ton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Environmental Assessments (EA)Budget » FYU.S.at Fermilab’s Family OutdoorMicroBooNE

  13. Two (2) 175 Ton (350 Tons total) Chiller Geothermal Heat Pumps for recently commissioned LEED Platinum Building

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This project will operate; collect data; and market the energy savings and capital costs of a recently commissioned chiller geothermal heat pump project to promote the wide-spread adoption of this mature technology.

  14. b120058 DPGF ESPCI -ramnagement de diffrents laboratoires et bureaux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, Université

    VENTILLATION CLIMATISATION ventilation double flux Conduits en PVC diamètre 120 mm Conduits en PVC diamètre 60 mm Conduite en PVC diamètre 100 mm PEINTURE ET REVETEMENT SOL Peinture mur Peinture Plafond

  15. Microsoft Word - DSQ Winter 2010_15mar10.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Ejecta Vacuum 36 inches Relayed ejecta region, 125 mm long, 60 mm dia. Containment vessel Green doublet Stop Interference filter Best focus plane ejecta data region (60 mm dia.,...

  16. Performing Practice for Roberto Peña's Concierto para Flauta y Orquesta: Discovering Mexico's Contemporary Classical Flute Music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, Julia Michelle Carrasco

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    v   L IST OF F IGURES Figure 1 Allegro Moderato: mm.1-6 Figure 1.1 Allegro Moderato: mm.7-12 Figure 2 Allegro Moderato: mm. 1-12 (flute) Figure 3

  17. array radio telescope: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can experience mm-scale distortions across -2 meter lengths due to mounting stresses or solar radiation. Experimental RMS errors are 0.7 mm at night and 3 mm under worst case solar...

  18. Recovery of Sugars from Ionic Liquid Biomass Liquor by Solvent Extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brennan, Timothy C.; Datta, Supratim; Blanch, Harvey W.; Simmons, Blake A.; Holmes, Bradley M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the IL/ water phase before extraction was 10 mM and atin the IL/ water phase before extraction was 10 mM and atin the IL/ water phase before extraction was 10 mM and at

  19. ANR @ MSUANR @ MSU AgBioResearchAgBioResearch Expert Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pear: Bartlett ­ fruit set Sweet Cherry: Napoleon ­ 11 mm fruit Tart Cherry: Montmorency ­ shuck split fruit Sweet Cherry: Napoleon ­ 12mm fruit Tart Cherry: Montmorency ­ 11 mm fruit Plum: European type ­ 6

  20. Distribution and Variation of Pocket Gophers (Genus Geomys) in the Southwestern United States.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, William B.

    1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , constricted near middle. 5. Hind foot of females usually 34 mm., or more. in length ; premaxillary tongues terminating anterior to lacrimal proc- esses ........................................................ G. bursarius* 5l. Hind foot of females usually.... mm. or more (males 16,000 cu. mm., or more). 2. Zygomatic arches widely divergent anteriorly; hind foot of females averaging 27 mm. or more (29 mm. or more in males). 3. "Volume" of skull in females near 14,000 cu. mm.; body length averaging 231...

  1. Thermal Effects in Vibration Assisted Grinding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endres. William J.

    'l 4140 mild steel Hardness : RC19 25.4 x 10.2 x 10 mm Grinding wheel Carborundum 32AR46-JV40 178 mm dia

  2. Electrochemical Reactions in a DMFC under Open-Circuit Q. Ye, T. S. Zhao,*,z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tianshou

    serpentine channel, having 1.0 mm in channel width and 1.5 mm in rib width, was formed on both the anode

  3. Study of active control of instability in a boundary layer over a flat plate flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oryu, Hiroshi

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 9 34 Power spectrum and time record at a freestream of 136. 8 mm/s, 2. 5 mm off the bottom wall and 25. 4 mm upstream of the actuator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 35 Power specnum and time record at a Ireestream... of 201. 3 mm/s, 2. 5 mm off the bottom wall and 25. 4 mm upstream of the actuator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 FIGURE Page 36 Power spectrum and time record at a &eestream of 263. 8 mm/s, 2. 5 mm off the bottom wall and 25...

  4. Friction factor data for flat plate tests of smooth and honeycomb surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Tae Woong

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are needed. The purpose of this report is to present the air flow friction factor data for honeycomb surfaces (i.e., 1.57 mm, 0.79 mm and 0.51 mm in cell width, 3.81 mm and 2.29 mm in cell depth) with a flat plate tester. The flat plate tester is designed....2bar, and 17.9bar, respectively and 3 clearances between honeycombs which are 0.25mm, 0.38mm and 0.51mm. These clearance values are representative of actual seals used in the turbomachinary. The following questions wil l be answered: 1) Does...

  5. 11th WWW YES, Arcueil -6 10 June 2011 Urban waters: resource or risks? Developing a Pilot Scale Horizontal Sub Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -vegetated cell control. Cells would be packed with 5-10mm diameter pea gravel while 20-50mm diameter pea gravel

  6. Dynamic regulation of proteasome function by neuronal activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Djakovic, Stevan Nicholas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    35 mm dishes (Mattek, Ashland, MA) and maintained in B2735 mm dishes (Mattek, Ashland, MA) and maintained in B27

  7. Northern Michigan FruitNet 2004 Weekly Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at the NWMHRS. GROWTH STAGES at NWMHRS (7/5/04) Apple: Red Delicious -- 33 mm Sweet Cherry: Napoleon ­ 15 mm

  8. Model-based Controllers for Active Control and Real-time Tests with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Actuators: Type: ETB80; Available stroke: 500mm; Max. permissible speed: 540mm/s; Max. thrust force: 8.3k

  9. A new carcinosomatid eurypterid from the Siluro-Devonian of northern Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selden, Paul A.; Truong, Doan Nhat

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and distal podomeres of one appendage VI, entire opisthosoma and telson (Text-figs 3A, 4), although most of the postabdomen and telson are preserved on a separate piece (Text-figs 3D, 4). Coxa of appendage V 5-4 mm long. Podomere 2, 4-1 mm long. Podomere 3..., 4-4 mm long. Appendage VI entire. Coxa 24 mm long, 16 mm wide, convex posterior margin. Podomere 2 oval, 5-1 mm long, 9-7 mm wide. Podomere 3 narrow, 1-3 mm long, 9-3 mm wide. Podomere 4 narrow, wedge-shaped, anterior length 3-5 mm, width 8-5mm...

  10. Helmholtz Capture Solenoid Update Peter Loveridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    mechanical design with lateral target entry/exit slots · Start with min slot size 20 mm x 200 mm, -an design for a capture solenoid with lateral target entry/exit slots (200 mm x 20 mm) ­ Includes a basic

  11. Hyperbaric oxygen and hypoxia alter production of nitric oxide by J774 murine macrophages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burden, Kyland Irle

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (no HBO), within each experiment. Control cells, incubated in P02 20mmHg or 40mmHg, produced significantly (P < 0.0001) less NO, ([] respectively), than did cells exposed to 95% room air (RA), 5% C02-Cells incubated in P02 = 20mmHg or 40mm...

  12. The Evolution of Tooling, Technical and Quality Control for Accelerator Dipole Magnet Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanlan, R.M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mimimum specification value. "Inis _presented a significanttolerance, or + .003 mm. 'Inis requirementcan be met, but it

  13. Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates By Adam C. Siegel, Scott T. Phillips, Michael D. Dickey, Nanshu Lu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentiss, Mara

    of polyimide (25 mm thick), ii) a layer of adhesive (25 mm thick), iii) a layer of copper (36 mm thick), iv) a second layer of adhesive (25 mm thick), and v) a cover layer of polyimide. Although this method PCBs, offers a set of properties that are completely different from the properties of polyimide

  14. ANR @ MSUANR @ MSU AgBioResearchAgBioResearch Expert Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cherry: Hedelfingen, Gold, and Napoleon: 12 - 13 mm fruit Tart Cherry: Montmorency and Balaton: 12 - 13

  15. ME 354 MECHANICS OF MATERIALS LABORATORY MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND PERFORMANCE OF MATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sniadecki, Nathan J.

    (KIc) of polycarbonate and acrylic using the single edge-notch specimen geometry for long and short. a. Acrylic (Short Crack): 3-5 mm b. Acrylic (Long Crack): 7-10 mm c. Polycarbonate (Short Crack): 3-5 mm d. Polycarbonate (Long Crack): 7-10 mm (b) Measure the gage width w, gage thickness t, and notch

  16. A MAGNETICALLY DILUTED CMN THERMOMETER (*) T. A. ALVESALO, T. HAAVASOJA, P. C. MAIN (**), L. M. REHN and K. M. SALOHEIMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    equal to its height of 5 mm. This pill was inserted into a thin epoxy coil form onto which was wound of 0.08 mm diameter niobium wire 8 mm apart. The coils formed one part of a superconducting flux]. A single layer 56 turn coil of Niomax-CN 0.05 mm filamentary superconducting wire was wound directly over

  17. A Numeric Predictive Failure Model for Percussive Excavation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Alex Nicholas

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Densities, 500, 1250, and 1750 BPM, 70 mm Depth, 5 mm/s, ODensities, 0,500, and 1750 BPM, 70 mm Depth, 5 mm/s, 90 Ofrom 4.16 Hz to 29.16 Hz (250 BPM – 1750 BPM). In order to

  18. Performance indicators for public mental healthcare: A systematic international inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauriks, Steve; Buster, Marcel CA; de Wit, Matty AS; Arah, Onyebuchi A; Klazinga, Niek S

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    care Study Performance indicator Related criterion Result Simpson & Lloyd [17] • Methadone maintenance (MM) drug abuse treatment

  19. RFQ NUMBER : 397 December 23, 2010 Due date for submission of Quotation 20/01/2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

    . SAMPLE HOLDER, SOLAR CELL TEST FIXTURE with contact probes and connecting cables. 9. CALIBRATED REFERENCE be able to analyse the performance of organic solar cells and dye sensitized solar cells. 3. It should be able to analyse solar cells upto 50mm x 50mm sample area and also smaller cells like 10mm x 10mm. 4

  20. Dynamically tokamakreactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakharov, Leonid E.

    plasma facing lithium streams driven by magnetic propulsion, b)' 1 mm thick patchy separation guide wall