Sample records for tons mm mm

  1. mm-Wave Phase Shifters and Switches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adabi Firouzjaei, Ehsan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4.1.1 Slow wave transmissioncombiners . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3 mm-Wave implementationfailed to predict current mm-wave design trend [1] . . . . .

  2. DEFLECTION MEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS· C. Peters LawrenceMEASUREMENTS OF 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS" C. Peters Lawrenceinch thick 7075- T6 aluminum alloy plate. Inside corners

  3. a 3.37 mm length b 3.32 mm diameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc, Robert E.

    5.2 ml retinal subtense 300 µm/deg retinal arc 51 mm retinal area* 1024 ± 184 mm2 total.3 µl retinal subtense 31 µm/deg retinal arc 4.9 mm retinal area 15.6 mm2 cone:rod ratio 0/deg retinal arc 10.6 mm retinal area 52 mm2 cone:rod ratio mean cone density* mm-2 mean rod

  4. ARM - Campaign Instrument - 5mm-mwr

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |NovemberARMContactsARMFacilitiesCERAgovInstruments5mm-mwr

  5. Polarized mm And sub-mm Emission From Sgr A* At The Galactic Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulvio Melia; Siming Liu; Robert Coker

    2001-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent detection of significant linear polarization at mm and sub-mm wavelengths in the spectrum of Sgr A* (if confirmed) will be a useful probe of the conditions within several Schwarzschild radii ($r_S$) of the event horizon at the Galactic Center. Hydrodynamic simulations of gas flowing in the vicinity of this object suggest that the infalling gas circularizes when it approaches within $5-25 r_S$ of the black hole. We suggest that the sub-mm ``excess'' of emission seen in the spectrum of Sgr A* may be associated with radiation produced within the inner Keplerian region and that the observed polarization characteristics provide direct evidence for this phenomenon. The overall spectrum from this region, including the high-energy component due to bremsstrahlung and inverse Compton scattering processes, is at or below the recent {\\it Chandra} measurement, and may account for the X-ray source if it turns out to be the actual counterpart to Sgr A*.

  6. direction. Three different pipette solutions were used: Cs-gluconate solution (150 mM CsOH, 5 mM CsCl, 135 mM sucrose, 10 mM HEPES, 1.5 mM EGTA and 1.5 mM EDTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scholey, Jonathan

    was varied from 20 mM to 5 mM by addition of the corresponding amount of 1 M CaCl2 stock solution into one-Tris solution (205 mM HEPES (pH 7.2 with Trisma base)). Bath solution with 105 mM [Ca2þ ]c (105 mM CaCl2 solution) contained 105 mM CaCl2, 10 mM HEPES (pH 7.2 with Trisma base or NaOH). This solution

  7. Summary of Decisions - MM DD YYYY - MM DD YYYY | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy Strain Rate4 RecoveryJuly 1, 2013 - July 5,3, 2013 - JuneMM DD

  8. 40 MM Grenade Launcher Qualification Requirements at Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    launcher, which utilizes high explosive ammunition to defeat adversary personnel and equipment. A number of Department sites have procured these weapons. 40 MM Grenade...

  9. Course Outline ENG 2MM3 Electrical Circuits & Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    -Phase Induction Motor; 5. DC Generators & DC Motors; 6. Efficiency/Heating of Electric Machines; 7. ActiveCourse Outline ENG 2MM3 Electrical Circuits & Power Winter 2010 Instructor: Prof. Matiar Howlader Web Page: www.ece.mcmaster.ca/~mrhowlader/ENG2MM3Notes Text Books: 1. Electrical Power and Controls

  10. Course Outline ENG 2MM3 Electrical Circuits & Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    -Phase Induction Motor; 5. DC Generators & DC Motors; 6. Efficiency/Heating of Electric Machines; 7. ActiveCourse Outline ENG 2MM3 Electrical Circuits & Power Fall 2010 Instructor: Prof. Matiar Howlader Web Page: www.ece.mcmaster.ca/~mrhowlader/ENG2MM3Notes Text Books: 1. Electrical Power and Controls

  11. 1.25 mM NaH2PO4, 1 mM CaCl2, 1 mM MgCl2, 26 mM NaHCO3 and 10 mM dextrose, bubbled with 95% O2/5% CO2 (pH 7.4). Slices (300400 mm thick) were prepared with a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuker, Charles

    1.25 mM NaH2PO4, 1 mM CaCl2, 1 mM MgCl2, 26 mM NaHCO3 and 10 mM dextrose, bubbled with 95% O2/5% CO cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF: 124 mM NaCl, 2 mM KCl, 1.5 mM MgSO4, 1.25 mM NaH2PO4, 2.5 mM CaCl2, 26 mM NaHCO3, 10

  12. MATERIALS MANAGEMENT OFFICE SUPPLY REQUEST FORM -MM-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    MATERIALS MANAGEMENT OFFICE SUPPLY REQUEST FORM - MM-4 REQUESTER'S NAME: DEPARTMENT: TTILE: MAIL. Include the justification with this form when faxing or mailing to Materials Management. Fax 679: ________________ University Director of Materials Management: _________________________________________________________ Date

  13. PHOTOSWITCHR Photoelectric Sensors General Purpose 18mm Cylindrical Style

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Gale

    (Sensor) DC Micro Ê Ê Ê For NPN type tie the load to Brown (+). For PNP type tie the load to Blue Beam Load Load Load Load Load Load Light Source Unit Protection Supply Voltage Current Consumption Photoelectric Sensors 42CA General Purpose 18mm Cylindrical Style R1­46 Typical Response Curve 100 1 0.1 0 1 (3

  14. M/M/1 Queueing System with Delayed Controlled Vacation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yiqiang Q.

    M/M/1 Queueing System with Delayed Controlled Vacation Yonglu Deng , Zhongshan University W. John systems using a time division multiple access (TDMA) scheme (Frey and Takahashi, [7]). Researchers have that of a server's cold switch-on. The case of delayed vacation has also very recently been studied by Frey

  15. Design and testing of a dual 8-T 380-mm/12-T 220-mm split superconducting solenoid for ORNL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ballou, J.K.; Brown, R.L.; Fietz, W.A.; Forseman, J.W.; Gray, W.H.; Kenney, W.J.; Wysor, R.B.; Markiewicz, W.D.; Van Alstyne, R.G.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconducting high field magnet facility has recently been prepared for operation at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The facility consists of a background NbTi coil and an insert coil made of Nb/sub 3/Sn tape. The background coil produces an 8-T central field, with a peak field of 8.8 T, in a bore of 380 mm and contains radial access ports of 67-mm diam. Details of magnet design both for the background coil and insert coil will be presented. The protection scheme will be discussed and test results will be given.

  16. Sub-mm clues to elliptical galaxy formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James S. Dunlop

    2000-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    There is growing evidence that, at the S(850) 2.5, with a mean redshift z = 3.5. While radio selection raises concerns about bias, I argue that our current knowledge of the brightest (S(850) ~ 10 mJy) sub-mm sources detected in unbiased SCUBA imaging surveys indicates that they are also largely confined to this same high-z regime. Consequently, while the most recent number counts imply such extreme sources can contribute only 5-10% of the sub-mm background, their comoving number density (in the redshift band 3 < z < 5) is 1-2 x 10^{-5} per cubic megaparsec, sufficient to account for the formation of all ellipticals of comparable mass to radio galaxies (~4L-star) in the present-day universe.

  17. The redshifts of bright sub-mm sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James S. Dunlop

    2001-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the key goals in observational cosmology over the next few years will be to establish the redshift distribution of the recently-discovered sub-mm source population. In this brief review I discuss and summarize the redshift information which has been gleaned to date for the ~ 50 bright sub-mm sources which have been uncovered via the six main classes of survey performed with SCUBA on the JCMT over the last 2-3 years. Despite the biases inherent in some of these surveys, and the crudeness of the redshift information available in others, I conclude that all current information suggests that only 10-15 % of luminous sub-mm sources lie at z < 2, and that the median redshift of this population is z ~ 3. I suggest that such a high median redshift is arguably not unexpected given current theories designed to explain the correlation between black-hole mass and spheroid mass found at low redshift. In such scenarios, peak AGN emission is expected to correspond to, or even to cause termination of major star-formation activity in the host spheroid. In contrast, maximum dust emission is expected to occur roughly half-way through the star-formation process. Given that optical emission from bright quasars peaks at z = 2.5, dust-emission from massive ellipticals might be reasonably expected to peak at some point in the preceding ~ 1 Gyr, at z ~ 3. Confirmation or refutation of this picture requires significantly-improved redshift information on bright samples of SCUBA sources.

  18. Digital Frequency Domain Multiplexer for mm-Wavelength Telescopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spieler, Helmuth G; Dobbs, Matt; Bissonnette, Eric; Spieler, Helmuth G.

    2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    An FPGA based digital signal processing (DSP) system for biasing and reading out multiplexed bolometric detectors for mm-wavelength telescopes is presented. This readout system is being deployed for balloon-borne and ground based cosmology experiments with the primary goal of measuring the signature of inflation with the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. The system consists of analog superconducting electronics running at 250 mK and 4 K, coupled to digital room temperature backend electronics described here. The digital electronics perform the real time functionality with DSP algorithms implemented in firmware. A soft embedded processor provides all of the slow housekeeping control and communications. Each board in the system synthesizes multi-frequency combs of 8 to 32 carriers in the MHz band to bias the detectors. After the carriers have been modulated with the sky-signal by the detectors, the same boards digitize the comb directly. The carriers are mixed down to base-band and low pass filtered. The signal bandwidth of 0.050Hz-100 Hz places extreme requirements on stability and requires powerful filtering techniques to recover the sky-signal from the MHz carriers.

  19. Heat Transfer -2 A pure platinum wire with diameter D = 3 mm and length L = 20 mm is placed outside on a day when air temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Heat Transfer - 2 A pure platinum wire with diameter D = 3 mm and length L = 20 mm is placed outside on a day when air temperature T = 10o C. The heat transfer coefficient at the wire's surface h equation that includes all heat transfer mechanisms involved in this problem. Write this energy balance

  20. A Polarizable QM/MM Explicit Solvent Model for Computational Electrochemistry in Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lee-Ping

    We present a quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) explicit solvent model for the computation of standard reduction potentials E[subscript 0]. The QM/MM model uses density functional theory (DFT) to model the ...

  1. Breakdown of 2mm symmetry in electron diffraction from multiwalled carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Lu-Chang

    Breakdown of 2mm symmetry in electron diffraction from multiwalled carbon nanotubes Zejian Liu of single-walled carbon nanotubes always have 2mm symmetry regardless if the nanotubes them- selves have such symmetry. We here show that, for the case of multiwalled carbon nanotubes, the 2mm symmetry can break down

  2. 450 mm dual frequency capacitively coupled plasma sources: Conventional, graded, and segmented electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, Mark

    450 mm dual frequency capacitively coupled plasma sources: Conventional, graded, and segmented fabrication will soon transition from 300 to 450 mm at a time when excitation frequencies for capacitively of processing. The increase in diameter to 450 mm is likely to exacerbate these effects, perhaps requiring

  3. Microsoft Word - WH-MM-818B-819B NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    8B & WH-MM-819B Title: Repair WH Brine Tanks, WHT-14 & WHT-15 Description: Subcontractor shall shall provide all materials, tools, equipment, supplies, transportation, facilities,...

  4. Evaluation of Offshore Wind Simulations with MM5 in the Japanese and Danish Coastal Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Evaluation of Offshore Wind Simulations with MM5 in the Japanese and Danish Coastal Waters Teruo to evaluate the accuracy of offshore wind simulation with the mesoscale model MM5, long-term simulations to simulate offshore wind conditions in the Japanese coastal waters even using a mesoscale model, compared

  5. Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    1 Hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello Simulations of Catalytic and Enzymatic Reactions MariaCarola Colombo, we review some recent applications of hybrid Car-Parrinello simulations of chemical and biological recently developed a combination of these two techniques into a hybrid QM/MM Car-Parrinello scheme [4

  6. MECHANICAL TEST RESULTS ON DIPOLE MODEL C-l 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P~. FI'9 . ~ C.C rv'IW\\ 707~-Th ALUMINUM ' ~LAI2.. o Pl.ATTDIPOLE MODEL C-1 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS C. Peters FebruaryON DIPOLE MODEL C-I 25 mm ALUMINUM COLLARS· Craig Peters

  7. Geometry Optimization with QM/MM, ONIOM, and Other Combined Methods. I. Microiterations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, H. Bernhard

    Geometry Optimization with QM/MM, ONIOM, and Other Combined Methods. I. Microiterations calculation, have been very successful in describing large systems. Geometry optimization methods can take). A series of microit- erations can be employed to fully optimize the MM region for each optimization step

  8. The near-infrared Hubble diagram for sub-mm galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James S. Dunlop

    2002-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Determing the nature of the bright sub-mm sources and their role in the process of galaxy formation is likely to be a major focus of extra-galactic research over the next few years. In particular, we would like to know if these sources are the progenitors of today's massive elliptical galaxies, or alternatively arise from short-lived, albeit spectacular starbursts within haloes of unexceptional mass. This question can be addressed from a number of different directions, one of which is to compare the masses of sub-mm host galaxies with those of other known massive high-redshift objects. Here I make a first attempt to do this by exploring whether the few well-studied sub-mm/mm sources are consistent with the well-established K-z relation for powerful radio galaxies. Out to z = 3 this appears to be the case, providing evidence that bright sub-mm sources are indeed destined to be massive ellipticals. At higher redshifts there is a suggestion that sub-mm galaxies are signficantly fainter at K than their radio-selected counterparts, but at present it is unclear whether this indicates a significant difference in stellar mass or the increasing impact of dust obscuration on the rest-frame light from the sub-mm hosts.

  9. Of horseshoes and heliotropes: Dynamics of dust in the Encke Gap M.M. Hedman a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Douglas P.

    Of horseshoes and heliotropes: Dynamics of dust in the Encke Gap M.M. Hedman a, , J.A. Burns a located within the Cassini Division's Laplace Gap demonstrates ``heliotropic'' behavior: its geometric

  10. MagLab - Cell 15: 45.1 Tesla / 32 mm Hybrid Magnet

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Magnets & Facilities Arrow Cell 15: 45.1 Tesla 32 mm Hybrid Magnet The labs flagship magnet, the 45 T Hybrid, is composed of a 33.5 T resistive magnet nested in an 11.5 T...

  11. Optical rotation in RbTiOAsO4 (point group mm2) W. Kaminsky*, I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    Optical rotation in RbTiOAsO4 (point group mm2) W. Kaminsky*, I , P. A. ThomasII and A. M. Glazer, UK Received March 5, 2001; accepted September 13, 2001 Abstract. Measurement of optical rotation in RbTiOAsO4 (RTA) with the tilter method resulted in an optical rotation of r12 ¼ þ17ð3� /mm

  12. Development and application of QM/MM methods to study the solvation effects and surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dibya, Pooja Arora

    2010-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum mechanical (QM) calculations have the advantage of attaining high-level accuracy, however QM calculations become computationally inefficient as the size of the system grows. Solving complex molecular problems on large systems and ensembles by using quantum mechanics still poses a challenge in terms of the computational cost. Methods that are based on classical mechanics are an inexpensive alternative, but they lack accuracy. A good trade off between accuracy and efficiency is achieved by combining QM methods with molecular mechanics (MM) methods to use the robustness of the QM methods in terms of accuracy and the MM methods to minimize the computational cost. Two types of QM combined with MM (QM/MM) methods are the main focus of the present dissertation: the application and development of QM/MM methods for solvation studies and reactions on the Si(100) surface. The solvation studies were performed using a discreet solvation model that is largely based on first principles called the effective fragment potential method (EFP). The main idea of combining the EFP method with quantum mechanics is to accurately treat the solute-solvent and solvent-solvent interactions, such as electrostatic, polarization, dispersion and charge transfer, that are important in correctly calculating solvent effects on systems of interest. A second QM/MM method called SIMOMM (surface integrated molecular orbital molecular mechanics) is a hybrid QM/MM embedded cluster model that mimics the real surface.3 This method was employed to calculate the potential energy surfaces for reactions of atomic O on the Si(100) surface. The hybrid QM/MM method is a computationally inexpensive approach for studying reactions on larger surfaces in a reasonably accurate and efficient manner. This thesis is comprised of four chapters: Chapter 1 describes the general overview and motivation of the dissertation and gives a broad background of the computational methods that have been employed in this work. Chapter 2 illustrates the methodology of the interface of the EFP method with the configuration interaction with single excitations (CIS) method to study solvent effects in excited states. Chapter 3 discusses the study of the adiabatic electron affinity of the hydroxyl radical in aqueous solution and in micro-solvated clusters using a QM/EFP method. Chapter 4 describes the study of etching and diffusion of oxygen atom on a reconstructed Si(100)-2 x 1 surface using a hybrid QM/MM embedded cluster model (SIMOMM). Chapter 4 elucidates the application of the EFP method towards the understanding of the aqueous ionization potential of Na atom. Finally, a general conclusion of this dissertation work and prospective future direction are presented in Chapter 6.

  13. 450 mm dual frequency capacitively coupled plasma sources: Conventional, graded, and segmented electrodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang Yang [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Kushner, Mark J. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wafer diameters for microelectronics fabrication will soon transition from 300 to 450 mm at a time when excitation frequencies for capacitively coupled plasmas (CCPs) are increasing to 200 MHz or higher. Already for 300 mm tools, there is evidence that wave behavior (i.e., propagation, constructive, and destructive interference) affects the uniformity of processing. The increase in diameter to 450 mm is likely to exacerbate these effects, perhaps requiring nontraditional tool designs. This is particularly important in dual frequency (DF) CCP tools in which there are potential interactions between frequencies. In this paper, results from a two-dimensional computational investigation of Ar plasma properties in a 450 mm DF-CCP reactor, incorporating a full-wave solution of Maxwell's equations, are discussed. As in 300 mm DF-CCP reactors, the electron density collapses toward the center of the reactor with increasing high frequency (HF), however, with more pronounced finite wavelength effects. Graded conductivity electrodes with multilayer of dielectrics are computationally demonstrated as a possible means to suppress wave effects thereby increasing plasma uniformity. Segmentation of the HF electrode also improves the plasma uniformity by making the electrical distance between the feeds and the sheath edges as uniform as possible.

  14. Polystyrene PS648 outlet optical birefringence pattern, piston speed 1.0mm/s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical birefringence pattern obtained from polystyrene PS648 flowing through a narrow slit. Experiment conducted on the Cambridge Multi Pass Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 1.0 mm/s at 170C. Video shows the outlet flow (from top to bottom)....

  15. Polystyrene PS648 inlet optical birefringence pattern, piston speed 1.4mm/s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical birefringence pattern obtained from polystyrene PS648 flowing through a narrow slit. Experiment conducted on the Cambridge Multi Pass Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 1.4 mm/s at 170C. Video shows the inlet flow (from bottom to top)....

  16. Polystyrene PS648 inlet optical birefringence pattern, piston speed 1.0mm/s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical birefringence pattern obtained from polystyrene PS648 flowing through a narrow slit. Experiment conducted on the Cambridge Multi Pass Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 1.0 mm/s at 170C. Video shows the inlet flow (from bottom to top)....

  17. Polystyrene PS648 outlet optical birefringence pattern, piston speed 1.4mm/s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical birefringence pattern obtained from polystyrene PS648 flowing through a narrow slit. Experiment conducted on the Cambridge Multi Pass Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 1.4 mm/s at 170C. Video shows the outlet flow (from top to bottom)....

  18. Polystyrene PS648 outlet optical birefringence pattern, piston speed 0.16mm/s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical birefringence pattern obtained from polystyrene PS648 flowing through a narrow slit. Experiment conducted on the Cambridge Multi Pass Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.16 mm/s at 170C. Video shows the outlet flow (from top...

  19. Polystyrene PS648 inlet optical birefringence pattern, piston speed 0.16mm/s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical birefringence pattern obtained from polystyrene PS648 flowing through a narrow slit. Experiment conducted on the Cambridge Multi Pass Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.16 mm/s at 170C. Video shows the inlet flow (from bottom to top)....

  20. Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance variability (1988-2004) from calibrated Polar MM5 output*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    1 Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance variability (1988-2004) from calibrated Polar MM5 output in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA 4 National Snow and Ice Data Center, University coherent regional patterns of Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance (SMB) change over a 17-year period

  1. ALUMINUM SITING IN THE ZSM-22 AND THETA-1 ZEOLITES REVISITED: A QM/MM STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sklenak, Stepan

    ALUMINUM SITING IN THE ZSM-22 AND THETA-1 ZEOLITES REVISITED: A QM/MM STUDY Stepan SKLENAKa1. 73, Nos. 6­7, pp. 909­920 Aluminum Siting in the ZSM-22 and Theta-1 Zeolites Revisited 909 © 2008

  2. Name and Contact Information * Indicates a required field * Date of Birth (MM/DD/YYYY)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Name and Contact Information * Indicates a required field * Date of Birth (MM/DD/YYYY) * o Female o courses offered as part of a certificate or diploma program are exempt from GST, even if you are only certificates and diplomas for eligible students. If you have any questions or requests about the collection

  3. AbstractLarge (>458 mm) striped bass (Morone saxatilis) are dominant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fishes and anadromous herrings (Alosa spp.) also contibuted large percentages of striped bass diet of striped Dorazio et al., 1994). After spawning, bass experienced drastic declines in the these fish leave414 Abstract­Large (>458 mm) striped bass (Morone saxatilis) are dominant predators in Chesapeake

  4. M.M. AbdouAbdou TBWGTBWG--13 Meeting13 Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    M.M. AbdouAbdou TBWGTBWG--13 Meeting13 Meeting July 7July 7--9, 20049, 2004 Presentations from-TBM Abdou (5 min.) Wong (20 min.) Sze (10 min.) Ying (15 min.) Kurtz (10 min.) #12;TBM's and Port Allocation

  5. THE MAGNETIC FIELD MORPHOLOGY OF THE CLASS 0 PROTOSTAR L1157-mm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephens, Ian W.; Looney, Leslie W.; Kwon, Woojin; Crutcher, Richard M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Hull, Charles L. H.; Plambeck, Richard L. [Astronomy Department and Radio Astronomy Laboratory, 601 Campbell Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Chapman, Nicholas; Novak, Giles; Matthews, Tristan [Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Davidson, Jacqueline [School of Physics, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); Vaillancourt, John E. [SOFIA Science Center, Universities Space Research Association, NASA Ames Research Center, MS 232-11, Moffett Field, CA 94035-0001 (United States); Shinnaga, Hiroko, E-mail: stephen6@illinois.edu [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)

    2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the first detection of polarization around the Class 0 low-mass protostar L1157-mm at two different wavelengths. We show polarimetric maps at large scales (10'' resolution at 350 {mu}m) from the SHARC-II Polarimeter and at smaller scales (1.''2-4.''5 at 1.3 mm) from the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA). The observations are consistent with each other and show inferred magnetic field lines aligned with the outflow. The CARMA observations suggest a full hourglass magnetic field morphology centered about the core; this is only the second well-defined hourglass detected around a low-mass protostar to date. We apply two different methods to CARMA polarimetric observations to estimate the plane-of-sky magnetic field magnitude, finding values of 1.4 and 3.4 mG.

  6. A Magnetic Dynamo Origin For The Sub-mm Excess In Sgr A*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulvio Melia; Siming Liu; Robert Coker

    2001-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The sub-mm bump observed in the spectrum of Sgr A* appears to indicate the existence of a compact emitting component within several Schwarzschild radii, $r_S$, of the nucleus at the Galactic Center. This is interesting in view of the predicted circularized flow within $\\sim 5-10 r_S$, based on detailed multi-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations of Bondi-Hoyle accretion onto this unusual object. In this paper, we examine the physics of magnetic field generation by a Keplerian dynamo subject to the conditions pertaining to Sgr A*, and show that the sub-mm bump can be produced by thermal synchrotron emission in this inner region. This spectral feature may therefore be taken as indirect evidence for the existence of this circularization. In addition, the self-Comptonization of the sub-mm bump appears to produce an X-ray flux exceeding that due to bremsstrahlung from this region, which may account for the X-ray counterpart to Sgr A* discovered recently by {\\it Chandra}. However, the required accretion rate in the Keplerian flow is orders of magnitude smaller than that predicted by the Bondi-Hoyle simulations. We speculate that rapid evaporation, in the form of a wind, may ensue from the heating associated with turbulent mixing of gas elements with large eccentricity as they settle down into a more or less circular (i.e., low eccentricity) trajectory. The spectrum of Sgr A* longward of $\\sim 1-2$ mm may be generated outside of the Keplerian flow, where the gas is making a transition from a quasi-spherical infall into a circularized pattern.

  7. A 15 15 mm, 1 A, Reliable Sensor-Net Module: Enabling Application-Specific Nodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savvides, Andreas

    -simokw, tanaka-t, kuriyama, kshimada, k_yano}@crl.hitachi.co.jp 1. INTRODUCTION ZN1 is an ultra-small, low-power sensor-net module. ZN1 integrates MCU, RF, and RTC into an ultra-small 15 � 15-mm module with an ultra-low standby current less than 1 µA. Its ultra- small feature enables application-specific sensor nodes

  8. Correlated Sub-mm and X-ray Variability in Sgr A*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulvio Melia; Siming Liu; Marco Fatuzzo

    2002-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    PAPER WITHDRAWN. The recent detection of Sgr A* in the X-ray band, together with the radio polarization measurements conducted over the past few years, offer the best constraints yet for understanding the nature of the emitting gas within several Schwarzschild radii ($r_S$) of this supermassive black hole candidate at the Galactic Center. Earlier, we showed that the sub-mm radiation from this source may be associated with thermal synchrotron emission from an inner Keplerian region within the circularization radius of the accreting plasma. In this paper, we extend this analysis in a very important way, by calculating the implied high-energy emission of Sgr A* associated with the orbiting, hot, magnetized gas. We find that for the accretion rate inferred from the fits to the sub-mm data, the dominant contribution to Sgr A*'s X-ray flux is due to self-Comptonization of the radio photons, rather than from bremsstrahlung. The latter is a two-body process, which would produce significant X-ray emission only at much higher accretion rates. This picture leads to the testable prediction that the physical conditions within the inner $\\sim5r_S$ are variable on a time scale of order a year. In particular, the accretion rate $\\dot M$ appears to have changed by about 15% between the sub-mm measurements in 1996 and 1999. Given that the radio and self-Comptonized fluxes are strongly correlated in this picture, the upcoming second generation Chandra observations of Sgr A* may provide the direct evidence required to test this model.

  9. L1448-MM OBSERVATIONS BY THE HERSCHEL KEY PROGRAM, ''DUST, ICE, AND GAS IN TIME'' (DIGIT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jinhee; Lee, Jeong-Eun [Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-shi, Kyungki-do 449-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Seokho [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Green, Joel D.; Evans, Neal J. II [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 2515 Speedway, Stop C1400, Austin, TX 78712-1205 (United States); Choi, Minho [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdaero, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Kristensen, Lars [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, MS78, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Dionatos, Odysseas; Jørgensen, Jes K., E-mail: jeongeun.lee@khu.ac.kr [Centre for Star and Planet Formation, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350 Copenhagen (Denmark); Collaboration: DIGIT Team

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present Herschel/Photodetector Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS) observations of L1448-MM, a Class 0 protostar with a prominent outflow. Numerous emission lines are detected at 55 1000 K) environment, indicative of a shock origin. For OH, IR-pumping processes play an important role in the level population. The molecular emission in L1448-MM is better explained with a C-shock model, but the atomic emission of PACS [O I] and Spitzer/Infrared Spectrograph [Si II] emission is not consistent with C-shocks, suggesting multiple shocks in this region. Water is the major line coolant of L1448-MM in the PACS wavelength range, and the best-fit LVG models predict that H{sub 2}O and CO emit (50%-80%) of their line luminosity in the PACS wavelength range.

  10. Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 Hata mm/10 min

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 () () () () () () () * () 1. (SWNT) SWNT (CVD) (CNT)[1] Hata mm/10 min SWNT (Super Growth)[2]Al2O3 Fe C2H4 SWNT Fe/Al2O3 C2H4 CVD SWNT CNT CNT 2 SiO2 Al2O3 20 (RBM) 1350 cm-1 (D-Band)Fe G/D RBM Fe SWNT Al 15 nm Fe 0.6 nm CVD TEM Fig. 3 3 nm SWNT

  11. Sub-mm tests of the gravitational inverse-square law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. G. Adelberger

    2002-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Sub-mm tests of the gravitational inverse-square law are interesting from several quite different perspectives. This paper discusses work by the Eot-Wash group performed since the publication of our initial result in February 2001. We find no evidence for short-range Yukawa interactions. Our results provide an upper limit of 200 micrometers on the size of the largest ``extra'' dimension, and for the unification scenario with 2 large extra dimensions, set an upper limit of 150 micrometers on the size of those dimensions.

  12. A QM/MM Study on the Aqueous Solvation of theTetrahydroxouranylate [UO(OH)]

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |November 2011A First LookMicroscopyComplex Ion. | EMSL QM/MM

  13. Self-consistent QM/MM methodologies for structural refinement of photosystem II and other macromolecules of biological interest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batista, Enrique R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sproviero, Eduardo M [YALE UNIV; Newcomer, Michael [YALE UNIV; Gascon, Jose A [YALE UNIV; Batista, Victor S [YALE UNIV

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The combination of quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) is one of the most promising approaches to study the structure, function, and properties of proteins and nucleic acids. However, there some instances in which the limitations of either the MM (lack of a proper electronic description) or QM (limited to a few number of atoms) methods prevent a proper description of the system. To address this issue, we review here our approach to fine-tune the structure of biological systems using post-QM/MM refinements. These protocols are based on spectroscopy data, and/or partitioning of the system to extend the QM description to a larger region of a protein. We illustrate these methodologies through applications to several biomolecules, which were pre-optimized at the QM/MM level and then further refined using postQM/MM refinement methodologies: mod(QM/MM), which refines the atomic charges of the residues included in the MM region accounting for polarization effects; mod(QM/MM)-opt that partition the MM region in smaller parts and optimizes each part in an iterative. self-consistent way, and the Polarized-Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (P-EXAFS) fitting procedure, which fine-tune the atomic coordinates to reproduce experimental polarized EXAFS spectra. The first two techniques were applied to the guanine quadruplex. while the P-EXAFS refinement was applied to the oxygen evolving complex of photosystem II.

  14. Design development for the 50mm Superconducting Super Collider dipole cryostat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicol, T.H.

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cryostat of a Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) dipole magnet consists of all magnet components except the magnet assembly itself. It serves to support the magnet accurately and reliably within the vacuum vessel, provide all required cryogenic piping, and to insulate the cold mass from heat radiated and conducted from the environment. It must function reliably during storage, shipping and handling, normal magnet operation, quenches, and seismic excitations, and must be manufacturable at low cost. The major components of the cryostat are the vacuum vessel, thermal shields, multilayer insulation system, cryogenic piping, interconnections, and suspension system. The overall design of a cryostat for superconducting accelerator magnets requires consideration of fluid flow, proper selection of materials for their thermal and structural performance at both ambient and operating temperature, and knowledge of the environment to which the magnets will be subjected over the course their expected operating life. This paper describes the design of the current 50mm SSC collider dipole cryostat and includes discussions on the structural and thermal considerations involved in the development of each of the major systems. Where appropriate, comparisons will be made with the 40mm cryostat. 7 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  15. A 16 mm3 autonomous solar-powered sensor node with bi-directional optical communication for distributed sensor net-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Joseph M.

    Abstract A 16 mm3 autonomous solar-powered sensor node with bi- directional optical communication for distributed sensor net- works has been demonstrated. The device digitizes inte- grated sensor signals, a 2.6 mm2 SOI solar cell array, and a micromachined four-quadrant corner-cube retroreflector (CCR

  16. The CR 2.0mm (.079") insulation displacement connector features a mounting height as low as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedeward, Kevin

    7 The CR 2.0mm (.079") insulation displacement connector features a mounting height as low as 6.9mm") pitch insulation displacement connector allows automatic harness production for connection of UL1007 of misinsertion without being permanently distorted. · Twin U-slot insulation displacement section The insulation

  17. Spray drift collector efficiency: Assessment of deposition on 2 mm diameter PVC line in a wind tunnel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Spray drift collector efficiency: Assessment of deposition on 2 mm diameter PVC line in a wind and Miller and Hadfield, 1989) and to trap it on passive collectors. This method is cheap and easy to set-up but the efficiency of the collectors has to be evaluated. The cylindrical collectors with a diameter of 2 mm

  18. Evolution of complex organic molecules in hot molecular cores: Synthetic spectra at (sub-)mm wavebands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choudhury, Rumpa; Stéphan, Gwendoline; Bergin, Edwin A; Möller, Thomas; Schmiedeke, Anika; Zernickel, Alexander

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hot molecular cores (HMCs) are intermediate stages of high-mass star formation and are also known for their rich emission line spectra at (sub-)mm wavebands. The observed spectral feature of HMCs such as total number of emission lines and associated line intensities are also found to vary with evolutionary stages. We developed various 3D models for HMCs guided by the evolutionary scenarios proposed by recent empirical and modeling studies. We then investigated the spatio-temporal variation of temperature and molecular abundances in HMCs by consistently coupling gas-grain chemical evolution with radiative transfer calculations. We explored the effects of varying physical conditions on molecular abundances including density distribution and luminosity evolution of the central protostar(s). The time-dependent temperature structure of the hot core models provides a realistic framework for investigating the spatial variation of ice mantle evaporation as a function of evolutionary timescales. With increasing protos...

  19. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A 15 T, 120 MM BORE IR QUADRUPOLE MAGNET FOR LARP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caspi, S.; Cheng, D.; Dietderich, D.; Felice, H.; Ferracin, P.; Hafalia, R.; Hannaford, R.; Sabbi, G. S.; Anerella, M.; Ghosh, A.; Schmalzle, J.; Wanderer, P.; Ambrosio, G.; Bossert, R.; Kashikhin, V.; Pasholk, D.; Zlobin, A.

    2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Pushing accelerator magnets beyond 10 T holds a promise of future upgrades to machines like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor is at the present time the only practical superconductor capable of generating fields beyond 10 T. In support of the LHC Phase-II upgrade, the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) is developing a large bore (120 mm) IR quadrupole (HQ) capable of reaching 15 T at its conductor peak field and a peak gradient of 219 T/m at 1.9 K. While exploring the magnet performance limits in terms of gradient, forces and stresses the 1 m long two-layer coil will demonstrate additional features such as alignment and accelerator field quality. In this paper we summarize the design and report on the magnet construction progress.

  20. Fluorescence of PRODAN in Water: a Computational QM/MM MD Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pederzoli, Marek; Sobek, Lukas; Brabec, Jiri; Kowalski, Karol; Cwiklik, Lukasz; Pittner, Jiri

    2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluorescent properties of PRODAN (6-propionyl-2-dimethylaminonaphthalene) in water were studied by means of excited state molecular dynamics simulations employing a combined quantum mechanical and molecular mechanical approach with the time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT QM/MM MD). The state of the art coupled cluster method was used to benchmark density functional theory calculations. The influence of the water environment on PRODAN emission was investigated by employing several computational schemes with varying description of the solvent. The issue of the molecular geometry of the excited state PRODAN molecule in water was addressed. The experimental emission spectrum was reproduced for the planar excited state conformer of PRODAN in the extended environment of 300 explicit water molecules. The planar conformer was shown to be predominantly responsible for fluorescence. The twisted isomer is strongly stabilized in water, but rapidly evolve towards a conical intersection, and hence the twisted conformer is fluorescently inactive.

  1. Operating the LCLS Gas Attenuator and Gas Detector System with Apertures of 6mm Diameter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryutov, D.D.; Bionta, R.M.; Hau-Riege, S.P.; Kishiyama, K.I.; Roeben, M.D.; Shen, S.; /LLNL, Livermore; Stefan, P.M.; /SLAC; ,

    2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility of increasing the apertures of the LCLS gas attenuator/gas detector system is considered. It is shown that increase of the apertures from 3 to 6 mm, together with 4-fold reduction of the operation pressure does not adversely affect the vacuum conditions upstream or downstream. No change of the pump speed and the lengths of the differential pumping cells is required. One minor modification is the use of 1.5 cm long tubular apertures in the end cells of the differential pumping system. Reduction of the pressure does not affect performance of the gas attenuator/gas detector system at the FEL energies below, roughly, 2 keV. Some minor performance degradation occurs at higher energies.

  2. Cl-76 T. YUASA ET E. HOURANY tendue. Nous remercions MM. Charpak, Massonnet,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    avec une chambre à bulles à propane et les pro- tons produits par le synchrocyclotron d'Orsay. Nous'aide d'une chambre à bulles à propane et avec les protons produits par lesynchrocy- clotron d'Orsay, soit by a propane bubble chamber, either for coplanar events or for al1 events, is compared with theory

  3. Structure for an LHC 90mm Nb3Sn Quadrupole Magnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hafalia, A.R.; Caspi, S.; Bartlett, S.E.; Dietderich, D.R.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S.A.; Hannaford, C.R.; Higley, H.; Lietzke, A.F.; Lau, B.; Liggins, N.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A.D.; Nyman, M.; Sabbi,G.L.; Scanlan, R.M.; Swanson, J.

    2005-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A full-scale mechanical model of the LHC Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole magnet structure has been designed, built and tested. The structure will support a 90mm bore, 1m long magnet prototype as part of the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP). The structure utilizes Bladder and Key Technology to control and transfer pre-stress from an outer aluminum shell to an inner coil. Axial aluminum rods take care of pre-stress at the ends--ensuring that the coil is fully constrained along all three axes. The outer aluminum shell and an inner ''dummy coil'' (aluminum tube) were extensively instrumented with strain gauges. The gauges were used to monitor and map the effectiveness of the stress relation between the loading structure and a ''dummy'' coil through varying mechanical load conditions --from bladder and key pre-stress at room temperature through cool-down. Test results of the stress distribution in the structure and the in dummy coil is reported and compared with expected results calculated with the structural analysis program ANSYS.

  4. The (anti)correlation of the sub-mm and X-ray background sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Severgnini

    2000-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The connection between the sub-mm and the hard X-ray backgrounds is studied by comparing data at 2-10 keV and at 850um for a sample of 34 sources at fluxes (or limiting fluxes) which resolve most of the background in the two bands. These data were obtained with new SCUBA observations and by correlating data sets available from the literature. None of the 11 hard X-ray (2-10 keV) sources has a counterpart at 850um, with the exception of a faint Chandra source, which is a candidate type 2 QSO at high redshift. These data indicate that 2-10 keV sources brighter than 10^-15 erg s-1 cm-2, which make at least 75% of the background in this band, contribute for less than 7% to the submillimetric background. Out of the 24 SCUBA sources 23 are undetected by Chandra. These data indicate that most of these SCUBA sources must be powered either by starburst activity, or by an AGN which is obscured by a column Nh > 10^25 cm-2, with a reflection efficiency in the hard X-rays significantly lower than 1% in most cases.

  5. Discrimination Report: A Multisensor system for detection andcharacterization of UXO, ESTCP Project MM-0437,

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gasperikova, Erika; Smith, J. Torquil; Morrison, H.Frank; Becker,Alex

    2008-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The Berkeley UXO Discriminator (BUD) is an optimally designed active electromagnetic system that not only detects but also characterizes UXO. The performance of the system is governed by a target size-depth curve. BUD was designed to detect UXO in the 20 mm to 155 mm size range for depths between 0 and 1.5 m, and to characterize them in a depth range from 0 to 1.1 m. The system incorporates three orthogonal transmitters and eight pairs of differenced receivers. Eight receiver coils are placed horizontally along the two diagonals of the upper and lower planes of the two horizontal transmitter loops. These receiver coil pairs are located on symmetry lines through the center of the system and each pair sees identical fields during the on-time of the pulse in all of the transmitter coils. They are wired in opposition to produce zero output during the on-time of the pulses in three orthogonal transmitters. Moreover, this configuration dramatically reduces noise in the measurements by canceling the background electromagnetic fields (these fields are uniform over the scale of the receiver array and are consequently nulled by the differencing operation), and by canceling the noise contributed by the tilt motion of the receivers in the Earth's magnetic field, and greatly enhances receiver sensitivity to the gradients of the target response. BUD is mounted on a small cart to assure system mobility. System positioning is provided by a Real Time Kinematic (RTK) GPS receiver. The system has two modes of operation: (1) the search mode, in which BUD moves along a profile and exclusively detects targets in its vicinity providing target depth and horizontal location, and (2) the discrimination mode, in which BUD is stationary above a target, and determines three discriminating polarizability responses together with the object location and orientation from a single position of the system. The detection performance of the system is governed by a size-depth curve shown in Figure 2. This curve was calculated for BUD assuming that the receiver plane is 0.2 m above the ground. Figure 2 shows that, for example, BUD can detect an object with 0.1 m diameter down to the depth of 0.9 m with a depth uncertainty of 10%. Any objects buried at a depth of more than 1.3 m will have a low probability of detection. The discrimination performance of the system is governed by a size-depth curve shown in Figure 3. Again, this curve was calculated for BUD assuming that the receiver plane is 0.2 m above the ground. Figure 3 shows that, for example, BUD can determine the polarizability of an object with 0.1 m diameter down to the depth of 0.63 m with polarizability uncertainty of 10%. Any objects buried at the depth more than 0.9 m will have a low discrimination probability. Object orientation estimates and equivalent dipole polarizability estimates used for large and shallow UXO/scrap discrimination are more problematic as they are affected by higher order (non-dipole) terms induced in objects due to source field gradients along the length of the objects. For example, a vertical 0.4 m object directly below the system needs to be about 0.90 m deep for perturbations due to gradients along the length of the object to be of the order of 20% of the uniform field object response. Similarly, vertical objects 0.5 m, and 0.6 m long need to be 1.15 m, and 1.42 m, respectively, below the system. For horizontal objects the effect of gradients across the object diameter are much smaller. For example, 155 mm and 105 mm projectiles need to be only 0.30 m, and 0.19 m, respectively, below the system. A polarizability index (in cm{sup 3}), which is an average value of the product of time (in seconds) and polarizability rate (in m{sup 3}/s) over the 34 sample times logarithmically spaced from 143 to 1300 {micro}s, and three polarizabilities, can be calculated for any object. We used this polarizability index to decide when the object is in a uniform source field. Objects with the polarizability index smaller than 600 cm{sup 3} and deeper than 1.8 m below BUD, or smaller than 200

  6. The orifice expansion correction for a 50 mm line size at various diameter ratios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seidl, W. [Colorado Engineering Experiment Station, Inc., Nunn, CO (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The expansion coefficient or factor for a compressible flowmeter corrects for the change in pressure and density as the fluid is accelerated through the flowmeter. The expansion correction currently in use in the United States and also in other countries was developed over fifty years ago by Buckingham and Bean. More recent work reported by Kinghorn shows the equation currently in use to be in error. This paper describes the results of a test program to determine the expansion factors for flange-tapped sharp-edged orifices with diameter ratios between 0.242 and 0.726 in a nominal 50 mm (2 inch) line. Critical flow Venturis are used as the reference standards and dry air as the flowing fluid. The ratio of differential pressure to inlet static pressure is varied over a range of zero to about 0.2 at a constant Reynolds number. The expansion factor is determined form the apparent change in discharge coefficient at a constant Reynolds number.

  7. Comparison of QM-Only and QM/MM Models for the Mechanism of Tungsten-Dependent Acetylene Hydratase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao, Rongzhen

    Comparison of QM-Only and QM/MM Models for the Mechanism of Tungsten-Dependent Acetylene Hydratase study on the formation of vinyl alcohol in the catalytic cycle of tungsten-dependent acetylene hydratase

  8. Fabrication and characterization of a 0.5-mm lutetium oxyorthosilicate detector array for high-resolution PET applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stickel, Jennifer R; Qi, Jinyi; Cherry, Simon R

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for a high resolution PET detector using position sensitive51:2131–2142. 0.5- MM LSO A RRAY FOR PET • Stickel et al.Instrumentation aspects of animal PET. Annu Rev Biomed Eng.

  9. Detection of significant cm to sub-mm band radio and gamma-ray correlated variability in Fermi bright blazars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuhrmann, L; Chiang, J; Angelakis, E; Zensus, J A; Nestoras, I; Krichbaum, T P; Ungerechts, H; Sievers, A; Pavlidou, V; Readhead, A C S; Max-Moerbeck, W; Pearson, T J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The exact location of the gamma-ray emitting region in blazars is still controversial. In order to attack this problem we present first results of a cross-correlation analysis between radio (11 cm to 0.8 mm wavelength, F-GAMMA program) and gamma-ray (0.1-300 GeV) ~ 3.5 year light curves of 54 Fermi-bright blazars. We perform a source stacking analysis and estimate significances and chance correlations using mixed source correlations. Our results reveal: (i) the first highly significant multi-band radio and gamma-ray correlations (radio lagging gamma rays) when averaging over the whole sample, (ii) average time delays (source frame: 76+/-23 to 7+/-9 days), systematically decreasing from cm to mm/sub-mm bands with a frequency dependence tau_r,gamma (nu) ~ nu^-1, in good agreement with jet opacity dominated by synchrotron self-absorption, (iii) a bulk gamma-ray production region typically located within/upstream of the 3 mm core region (tau_3mm,gamma=12+/-8 days), (iv) mean distances between the region of gamma-...

  10. The south central Texas heavy rain event of October 1998: an MM5 simulation and diagnosis of convective initiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Richard Kevin

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the weekend of 17-18 October 1998, extremely heavy rainfall over south central Texas resulted in widespread flash flooding and numerous river floods. Southern Hays County received 760 mm of rainfall, and an area of 18,000 km² recorded over...

  11. FINE-SCALE STRUCTURE OF THE QUASAR 3C 279 MEASURED WITH 1.3 mm VERY LONG BASELINE INTERFEROMETRY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu Rusen; Fish, Vincent L.; Doeleman, Sheperd S.; Crew, Geoffrey; Cappallo, Roger J. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Haystack Observatory, Route 40, Westford, MA 01886 (United States); Akiyama, Kazunori; Honma, Mareki [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Osawa 2-21-1, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Algaba, Juan C.; Ho, Paul T. P.; Inoue, Makoto [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C. (China); Bower, Geoffrey C.; Dexter, Matt [Department of Astronomy, Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California Berkeley, 601 Campbell, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Brinkerink, Christiaan [Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9010, 6500-GL Nijmegen (Netherlands); Chamberlin, Richard [Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, 111 Nowelo Street, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Freund, Robert [Arizona Radio Observatory, Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721-0065 (United States); Friberg, Per [James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, Joint Astronomy Centre, 660 North A'ohoku Place, University Park, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Gurwell, Mark A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Jorstad, Svetlana G. [Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Krichbaum, Thomas P. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Loinard, Laurent, E-mail: rslu@haystack.mit.edu [Centro de Radiostronomia y Astrofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 58089 Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico); and others

    2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We report results from five day very long baseline interferometry observations of the well-known quasar 3C 279 at 1.3 mm (230 GHz) in 2011. The measured nonzero closure phases on triangles including stations in Arizona, California, and Hawaii indicate that the source structure is spatially resolved. We find an unusual inner jet direction at scales of {approx}1 pc extending along the northwest-southeast direction (P.A. = 127 Degree-Sign {+-} 3 Degree-Sign ), as opposed to other (previously) reported measurements on scales of a few parsecs showing inner jet direction extending to the southwest. The 1.3 mm structure corresponds closely with that observed in the central region of quasi-simultaneous super-resolution Very Long Baseline Array images at 7 mm. The closure phase changed significantly on the last day when compared with the rest of observations, indicating that the inner jet structure may be variable on daily timescales. The observed new direction of the inner jet shows inconsistency with the prediction of a class of jet precession models. Our observations indicate a brightness temperature of {approx}8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} K in the 1.3 mm core, much lower than that at centimeter wavelengths. Observations with better uv coverage and sensitivity in the coming years will allow the discrimination between different structure models and will provide direct images of the inner regions of the jet with 20-30 {mu}as (5-7 light months) resolution.

  12. A Note on the M/M/ Queue in Random Environment and Uri Yechiali 1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yechiali, Uri

    environment, the joint prob- ability distribution function (pdf) of the two variables: random phase and number random environment and show that the joint probability distribution function (pdf) of the environment. 2 The model and balance equations Consider an M/M/ type queue operating in 'random environment

  13. NIST Mobility and Manipulation Project Needs and Plans The NIST Mobility and Manipulation (MM) Project is seeking government, industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard A.

    . The project testbed includes an industrial robot mounted on a linear rail. The MM Project also plans characterizing components of the new NIST robot testbed, which includes a six-axis industrial robot arm under that are of concern to industry. Real world applications are also highly beneficial for developing and evaluating

  14. A mineralogy of extrasolar silicate dust from 10-mm spectra J. E. Bowey1,2P

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowey, Janet

    A mineralogy of extrasolar silicate dust from 10-mm spectra J. E. Bowey1,2P and A. J. Adamson1,3 1 in amorphous silicates, since the spectra of crystalline silicates are narrow and highly structured. The standard approach to the interpretation of astronomical spectra is to assume that the silicates

  15. Progresses in Ab Initio QM/MM Free Energy Simulations of Electrostatic Energies in Proteins: Accelerated QM/MM Studies of pKa, Redox Reactions and Solvation Free Energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamerlin, Shina C. L.; Haranczyk, Maciej; Warshel, Arieh

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hybrid quantum mechanical / molecular mechanical (QM/MM) approaches have been used to provide a general scheme for chemical reactions in proteins. However, such approaches still present a major challenge to computational chemists, not only because of the need for very large computer time in order to evaluate the QM energy but also because of the need for propercomputational sampling. This review focuses on the sampling issue in QM/MM evaluations of electrostatic energies in proteins. We chose this example since electrostatic energies play a major role in controlling the function of proteins and are key to the structure-function correlation of biological molecules. Thus, the correct treatment of electrostatics is essential for the accurate simulation of biological systems. Although we will be presenting here different types of QM/MM calculations of electrostatic energies (and related properties), our focus will be on pKa calculations. This reflects the fact that pKa of ionizable groups in proteins provide one of the most direct benchmarks for the accuracy of electrostatic models of macromolecules. While pKa calculations by semimacroscopic models have given reasonable results in many cases, existing attempts to perform pKa calculations using QM/MM-FEP have led to large discrepancies between calculated and experimental values. In this work, we accelerate our QM/MM calculations using an updated mean charge distribution and a classical reference potential. We examine both a surface residue (Asp3) of the bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor, as well as a residue buried in a hydrophobic pocket (Lys102) of the T4-lysozyme mutant. We demonstrate that by using this approach, we are able to reproduce the relevant sidechain pKas with an accuracy of 3 kcal/mol. This is well within the 7 kcal/mol energy difference observed in studies of enzymatic catalysis, and is thus sufficient accuracy to determine the main contributions to the catalytic energies of enzymes. We also provide an overall perspective of the potential of QM/MM calculations in general evaluations of electrostatic free energies, pointing out that our approach should provide a very powerful and accurate tool to predict the electrostatics of not only solution but also enzymatic reactions, as well as the solvation free energies of even larger systems, such as nucleic acid bases incorporated into DNA.

  16. Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator Designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, GA; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Gentini, L; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, JC; de Rijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Härö, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

  17. Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, G; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, J; DeRijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; Ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Haro, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

  18. mm-WAVE Op-Amps FOR LOW DISTORTION AMPLIFICATION WITH HIGH OIP3/PDC RATIO > 100 AT 2 GHz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodwell, Mark J. W.

    mm-WAVE Op-Amps FOR LOW DISTORTION AMPLIFICATION WITH HIGH OIP3/PDC RATIO > 100 AT 2 GHz Zach in bandwidth for an op-amp of any kind, as well as 3Ã? betterment in OIP3/PDC ratio at fs = 2-3 GHz, when dissipation PDC. This very high ratio of third-order-intercept power to DC power consumption POIP 3/PDC > 100

  19. Magnetic Materials (MM)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and InterfacesAdministration -Lowell L.FallU . S .ofFieldMagnetic Materials

  20. Fabrication and Test of 90-mm Nb3Sn Quadrupole Model Based on Dipole-type Collar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bossert, R.; Andreev, N.; Chlachidze, G.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Lamm, M.J.; Nobrega, F.; Novitski, I.; Tartaglia, M.; Velev, G.; Zlobin, A.V.; /Fermilab

    2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of 90-mm TQC quadrupole models with a collar-based mechanical structure has been fabricated and tested within the framework of the US-LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) using quadrupole-symmetric stainless steel collar laminations. This paper describes the design features, construction and test of TQC02Eb, the first TQC made with dipole-type collar and collaring techniques. Magnet test includes quench performance and field quality measurements at 4.5 and 1.9 K. Results of model performance for TQC quadrupoles based on dipole-type and quadrupole-type collars are compared and discussed.

  1. Vapor-liquid equilibria of coal-derived liquids; 3: Binary systems with tetralin at 200 mmHg

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanco, B.; Beltran, S.; Cabezas, J.L. (University Coll., Burgos (Spain). Dept. of Chemical Engineering); Coca, J. (Univ. of Oviedo (Spain). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibrium data are reported for binary systems of tetralin with p-xylene, [gamma]-picoline, piperidine, and pyridine; all systems were measured at 26.66 kPa (200 mmHg) with a recirculation still. Liquid-phase activity coefficients were correlated using the Van Laar, Wilson, NRTL, and UNIQUAC equations. Vapor-phase nonidealities were found negligible under the experimental conditions of this work, and deviations of the liquid phase from the ideal behavior, as described by Raoult's law, were found to be slightly positive for all the systems.

  2. Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of 5 mm depleted-uranium plates for the UA1 calorimeter upgrading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of 5 mm depleted-uranium plates for the UA1 calorimeter upgrading

  3. Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of 5 mm depleted-uranium plates for the UA1 experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of 5 mm depleted-uranium plates for the UA1 experiment

  4. The Ability of MM5 to Simulate Ice Clouds: Systematic Comparison between Simulated and Measured Fluxes and Lidar/Radar Profiles at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protat, Alain

    to produce too much solid water (ice and snow) and not enough liquid water. 1. Introduction Ice clouds playThe Ability of MM5 to Simulate Ice Clouds: Systematic Comparison between Simulated and Measured­NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) to simulate midlatitude ice clouds is evaluated. Model outputs are compared to long

  5. Simultaneous Radio to (Sub-) Mm-Monitoring of Variability and Spectral Shape Evolution of Potential GLAST Blazars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuhrmann, L.; Zensus, J.A.; Krichbaum, T.P.; Angelakis, E.; /Bonn, Max Planck Inst., Radioastron.; Readhead, A.C.S.; /Caltech

    2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Large Area Telescope (LAT) instrument onboard GLAST offers a tremendous opportunity for future blazar studies. In order to fully benefit from its capabilities and to maximize the scientific return from the LAT, it is of great importance to conduct dedicated multi-frequency monitoring campaigns that will result comprehensive observations. Consequently, we initiated an effort to conduct a GLAST-dedicated, quasi-simultaneous, broad-band flux-density (and polarization) monitoring of potential GLAST blazars with the Effelsberg and OVRO radio telescopes (11 cm to 7mm wavelength). Here, we present a short overview of these activities which will complement the multi-wavelengths activities of the GLAST/LAT collaboration towards the 'low-energy' radio bands. Further we will give a brief outlook including the extension of this coordinated campaign towards higher frequencies and future scientific aims.

  6. ASSEMBLY AND TEST OF A 120 MM BORE 15 T NB3SN QUADRUPOLE FOR THE LHC UPGRADE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Felice, H.; Caspi, S.; Cheng, D.; Dietderich, D.; Ferracin, P.; Hafalia, R.; Joseph, J.; Lizarazo, J.; Sabbi, G. L.; Wang, X.; Anerella, M.; Ghosh, A. K.; Schmalzle, J.; Wanderer, P.; Ambrosio, G.; Bossert, R.; Zlobin, A. V.

    2010-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) luminosity upgrade, the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) has been developing a 1-meter long, 120 mm bore Nb{sub 3}Sn IR quadrupole magnet (HQ). With a design short sample gradient of 219 T/m at 1.9 K and a peak field approaching 15 T, one of the main challenges of this magnet is to provide appropriate mechanical support to the coils. Compared to the previous LARP Technology Quadrupole and Long Quadrupole magnets, the purpose of HQ is also to demonstrate accelerator quality features such as alignment and cooling. So far, 8 HQ coils have been fabricated and 4 of them have been assembled and tested in HQ01a. This paper presents the mechanical assembly and test results of HQ01a.

  7. Test Results of HD2, A High Field Nb3Sn Dipole with A 36 MM Bore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferracin, Paolo

    2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Superconducting Magnet Program at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has developed the 1 m long Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole magnet HD2. With tilted (flared) ends to avoid obstructing a 36 mm clear bore, HD2 represents a step towards the use of block-type coils in high-field accelerator magnets. The coil design has been optimized to minimize geometric harmonics and reduce the conductor peak field in the end region, resulting in an expected short sample dipole field of 15 T. The support structure is composed by an external aluminum shell pre-tensioned with pressurized bladders and interference keys, and by two stainless steel end plates compressing the coil ends through four aluminum axial rods. We report on magnet design, assembly, and test results, including training performance, quench locations, and strain gauge measurements.

  8. Description and commissioning of NEXT-MM prototype: first results from operation in a Xenon-Trimethylamine gas mixture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Álvarez, V; Borges, F I G M; Calvet, D; Cárcel, S; Castel, J; Cebrián, S; Cervera, A; Conde, C A N; Dafni, T; Dias, T H V T; Díaz, J; Druillole, F; Egorov, M; Esteve, R; Evtoukhovitch, P; Fernandes, L M P; Ferrario, P; Ferreira, A L; Ferrer-Ribas, E; Freitas, E D C; Gehman, V M; Gil, A; Giomataris, I; Goldschmidt, A; Gómez, H; Gómez-Cadenas, J J; González-Díaz, D; Gutiérrez, R M; Hauptman, J; Morata, J A Hernando; Herrera, D C; Iguaz, F J; Irastorza, I G; Jinete, M A; Labarga, L; Laing, A; Coguie, A Le; Liubarsky, I; Lopes, J A M; Lorca, D; Losada, M; Luzón, G; Marí, A; Martín-Albo, J; Martínez, A; Martínez-Lema, G; Miller, T; Moiseenko, A; Mols, J P; Monrabal, F; Monteiro, C M B; Mora, F J; Moutinho, L M; Vidal, J Muñoz; da Luz, H Natal; Navarro, G; Nebot-Guinot, M; Nygren, D; Oliveira, C A B; Palma, R; Pérez, J; Aparicio, J L Pérez; Renner, J; Ripoll, L; Rodríguez, A; Rodríguez, J; Santos, P; Santos, J M F dos; Segui, L; Serra, L; Shuman, D; Simón, A; Sofka, C; Sorel, M; Toledo, J F; Tomás, A; Torrent, J; Tsamalaidze, Z; Veloso, J F C A; Villar, J A; Webb, R C; White, J T; Yahlali, N

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A technical description of NEXT-MM and its commissioning and first performance is reported. Having an active volume of ~35 cm drift $\\times$ 28 cm diameter, it constitutes the largest Micromegas-read TPC operated in Xenon ever constructed, made by a sectorial arrangement of the 4 largest single wafers manufactured with the Microbulk technique to date. It is equipped with a suitably pixelized readout and with a sufficiently large sensitive volume (~23 l) so as to contain long (~20 cm) electron tracks. First results obtained at 1 bar for Xenon and trimethylamine (Xe-(2 %)TMA) mixture are presented. The TPC can accurately reconstruct extended background tracks. An encouraging full-width half-maximum of 11.6 % was obtained for ~29 keV gammas without resorting to any data post-processing.

  9. Electron dynamics in complex environments with real-time time dependent density functional theory in a QM-MM framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morzan, Uriel N.; Ramírez, Francisco F.; Scherlis, Damián A., E-mail: damian@qi.fcen.uba.ar, E-mail: mcgl@qb.ffyb.uba.ar [Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Analítica y Química Física/INQUIMAE, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pab. II, Buenos Aires (C1428EHA) (Argentina); Oviedo, M. Belén; Sánchez, Cristián G. [Departamento de Matemática y Física, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, INFIQC, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Ciudad Universitaria, X5000HUA Córdoba (Argentina)] [Departamento de Matemática y Física, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, INFIQC, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Ciudad Universitaria, X5000HUA Córdoba (Argentina); Lebrero, Mariano C. González, E-mail: damian@qi.fcen.uba.ar, E-mail: mcgl@qb.ffyb.uba.ar [Instituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológicas, IQUIFIB, CONICET (Argentina)] [Instituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológicas, IQUIFIB, CONICET (Argentina)

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This article presents a time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) implementation to propagate the Kohn-Sham equations in real time, including the effects of a molecular environment through a Quantum-Mechanics Molecular-Mechanics (QM-MM) hamiltonian. The code delivers an all-electron description employing Gaussian basis functions, and incorporates the Amber force-field in the QM-MM treatment. The most expensive parts of the computation, comprising the commutators between the hamiltonian and the density matrix—required to propagate the electron dynamics—, and the evaluation of the exchange-correlation energy, were migrated to the CUDA platform to run on graphics processing units, which remarkably accelerates the performance of the code. The method was validated by reproducing linear-response TDDFT results for the absorption spectra of several molecular species. Two different schemes were tested to propagate the quantum dynamics: (i) a leap-frog Verlet algorithm, and (ii) the Magnus expansion to first-order. These two approaches were confronted, to find that the Magnus scheme is more efficient by a factor of six in small molecules. Interestingly, the presence of iron was found to seriously limitate the length of the integration time step, due to the high frequencies associated with the core-electrons. This highlights the importance of pseudopotentials to alleviate the cost of the propagation of the inner states when heavy nuclei are present. Finally, the methodology was applied to investigate the shifts induced by the chemical environment on the most intense UV absorption bands of two model systems of general relevance: the formamide molecule in water solution, and the carboxy-heme group in Flavohemoglobin. In both cases, shifts of several nanometers are observed, consistently with the available experimental data.

  10. Comparative Theoretical Study of the Ring-Opening Polymerization of Caprolactam vs Caprolactone Using QM/MM Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elsasser, Brigitta M.; Schoenen, Iris; Fels, Gregor

    2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) efficiently catalyzes the ring-opening polymerization of lactones to high molecular weight products in good yield. In contrast, an efficient enzymatic synthesis of polyamides has so far not been described in the literature. This obvious difference in enzyme catalysis is the subject of our comparative study of the initial steps of a CALB catalyzed ring-opening polymerization of ?- caprolactone and ?-caprolactam. We have applied docking tools to generate the reactant state complex and performed quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) calculations at the density functional theory (DFT) PBE0 level of theory to simulate the acylation of Ser105 by the lactone and the lactam, respectively, via the corresponding first tetrahedral intermediates. We could identify a decisive difference in the accessibility of the two substrates in the ring-opening to the respective acyl enzyme complex as the attack of ?-caprolactam is hindered because of an energetically disfavored proton transfer during this part of the catalytic reaction while ?-caprolactone is perfectly processed along the widely accepted pathway using the catalytic triade of Ser105, His224, and Asp187. Since the generation of an acylated Ser105 species is the crucial step of the polymerization procedure, our results give an explanation for the unsatisfactory enzymatic polyamide formation and opens up new possibilities for targeted rational catalyst redesign in hope of an experimentally useful CALB catalyzed polyamide synthesis.

  11. A 0.042 mm^2 programmable biphasic stimulator for cochlear implants suitable for a large number of channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngamkham, W; Serdijn, W A; Bes, C J; Briaire, J J; Frijns, J H M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a compact programmable biphasic stimulator for cochlear implants. By employing double-loop negative feedback, the output impedance of the current generator is increased, while maximizing the voltage compliance of the output transistor. To make the stimulator circuit compact, the stimulation current is set by scaling a reference current using a two stage binary-weighted transistor DAC (comprising a 3 bit high-voltage transistor DAC and a 4 bit low-voltage transistor DAC). With this structure the power consumption and the area of the circuit can be minimized. The proposed circuit has been implemented in AMS 0.18um high-voltage CMOS IC technology, using an active chip area of about 0.042mm^2. Measurement results show that proper charge balance of the anodic and cathodic stimulation phases is achieved and a dc blocking capacitor can be omitted. The resulting reduction in the required area makes the proposed system suitable for a large number of channels.

  12. Of Horseshoes and Heliotropes: Dynamics of Dust in the Encke Gap M.M. Hedmana,, J.A. Burnsb, D.P. Hamiltonc, M.R. Showalterd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Douglas P.

    Of Horseshoes and Heliotropes: Dynamics of Dust in the Encke Gap M.M. Hedmana,, J.A. Burnsb, D demonstrates "heliotropic" behavior: its geometric center is displaced away from Saturn's center towards

  13. IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 48, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 229 A Modular 1 mm Die-Stacked Sensing Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta, Prabal

    IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 48, NO. 1, JANUARY 2013 229 A Modular 1 mm Die with compatibility to commercial C protocols. A self-adapting power management unit is proposed for efficient battery voltage down conversion for wide range of battery voltages and load current. The power man- agement unit

  14. 570 2008 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference ISSCC 2008 / SESSION 31 / RF & mm-WAVE POWER AMPLIFIERS / 31.7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajimiri, Ali

    570 · 2008 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference ISSCC 2008 / SESSION 31 / RF & mm supply voltages that is very useful for a low-battery-voltage solution. However, it is not compatible with the higher voltages presented by the Li-ion batteries which under charging situations can present supply

  15. 12A.4 VERTICAL VELOCITY AND BUOYANCY CHARACTERISTICS OF ECHO PLUMES DETECTED BY AN AIRBORNE MM-WAVE RADAR IN THE CONVECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geerts, Bart

    12A.4 VERTICAL VELOCITY AND BUOYANCY CHARACTERISTICS OF ECHO PLUMES DETECTED BY AN AIRBORNE MM-WAVE, is the availability of in situ thermodynamic and kinematic observations, and the direct observation of horizontal, as part of IHOP_02 (The International Water Vapor Project, Weckwerth et al 2003). The key radar

  16. MM 7/2011 (rev from JB) When writing a paper or conducting academic research, you'll often come across many different

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MM 7/2011 (rev from JB) When writing a paper or conducting academic research, you'll often come across many different types of sources. Most of the time, these sources will include periodical articles. Periodical articles can be comprised of news accounts, opinion, commentary, scholarly analysis, and

  17. To obtain representative temperatures, sensors were made with a length of 35 cm. The stainless steel needles have a diameter of 3 mm. Inside are five

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    To obtain representative temperatures, sensors were made with a length of 35 cm. The stainless steel needles have a diameter of 3 mm. Inside are five Platinum Pt-100 sensors, that are cascaded in series to obtain a Pt-500 sensor. The sensors are calibrated to retrieve individual calibration

  18. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 1.76mm/s, 175C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 1.76 mm/s at 175C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  19. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 0.22mm/s, 155C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.22 mm/s at 155C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  20. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 1.76mm/s, 155C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 1.76 mm/s at 155C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  1. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 4.4mm/s, 175C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 4.4 mm/s at 175C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions. The experiments...

  2. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 1.32mm/s, 155C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 1.32 mm/s at 155C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  3. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 0.88mm/s, 175C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.88 mm/s at 175C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  4. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 2.2mm/s, 175C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 2.2 mm/s at 175C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions. The experiments...

  5. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 0.088mm/s, 175C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.088 mm/s at 175C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  6. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 0.44mm/s, 175C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.44 mm/s at 175C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  7. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 0.088mm/s, 155C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.088 mm/s at 155C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  8. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 0.044mm/s, 175C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.044 mm/s at 175C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  9. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 2.2mm/s, 155C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 2.2 mm/s at 155C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions. The experiments...

  10. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 2.64mm/s, 175C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 2.64 mm/s at 175C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  11. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 1.32mm/s, 175C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 1.32 mm/s at 175C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  12. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 0.88mm/s, 155C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.88 mm/s at 155C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  13. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 0.044mm/s, 155C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.044 mm/s at 155C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  14. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 0.44mm/s, 155C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.44 mm/s at 155C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  15. HDPE (CM1) optical birefringence pattern in cross-slot flow, piston speed 0.22mm/s, 175C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassell, David

    2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Rheometer (MPR4) at a piston speed of 0.22 mm/s at 175C. The geometry generates a flow field with an extensional component at the centreline. If the no slip condition at a solid surface is satisfied, the side walls are high shear rate regions...

  16. July 1, 1997 / Vol. 22, No. 13 / OPTICS LETTERS 991 Passively Q-switched 1.34-mm Nd:YVO4 microchip laser with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Ursula

    -pumped 1.34-mm Nd:YVO4 microchip laser. We achieved single- frequency, 230-ps pulses by using an InGaAsP Nd:YVO4 microchip laser that uses InGaAsP semiconductor saturable- absorber mirrors (SESAM's).1 ­ 3 mode spacing exceeds the gain bandwidth. In addition, a short absorption length is needed for efficient

  17. Complete one form for each person seeking Wisconsin COMMERCIAL Pesticide Applicator Certification. Last Name First Name Middle Initial Date of Birth (mm/dd/yyyy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mladenoff, David

    Complete one form for each person seeking Wisconsin COMMERCIAL Pesticide Applicator Certification. Last Name First Name Middle Initial Date of Birth (mm/dd/yyyy) Company Name Company Unit taking the pesticide applicator certification exam. A personalized training/reference manual

  18. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 320, 131138 (2001) Discs and the 10-mm silicate spectra of young stellar objects with non-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowey, Janet

    Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 320, 131±138 (2001) Discs and the 10-mm silicate spectra of young stellar and Taurus-Elias 7 (Haro6-10, GV Tau) is distinguished from foreground silicate absorption using a simple that of Elias 7 is optically thick. We suggest that HL Tau's optically thin component arises from silicate dust

  19. IUPILLiadTNz427447"mum""nmm'mm"mm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    measured, and measured spectra were compared with those predicted by the seismic displacement discontinuity theory. Results are compared with those ...

  20. Coupling MM5 with ISOLSM:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases on &gamma;-Al2O3. |ID#: 19834Costsincludingincludinga Yun

  1. a. Lngsamt & adiabatiskt reversibel, dvs en isentropisk process V1 = nRT1 / p1 = (m/M) RT1/p1 , massa m = 1 kg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    Svar 1303: a. Långsamt & adiabatiskt reversibel, dvs en isentropisk process V1 = n·R·T1 / p1 = (m/M) ·R·T1/p1 , massa m = 1 kg H2 : M = 0.002 kg/mol; CO : M = 0.028 kg/mol; CO2 : M = 0.044 kg/mol p1 = z bar V1 = (R/M) · (300 + 50·a) / z m3 . t.ex. 30066 : p = 3 bar, gas = CO, T1 = 450 K V1 = 0.445 m3

  2. Deposition of TiN and HfO{sub 2} in a commercial 200 mm remote plasma atomic layer deposition reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heil, S. B. S.; Hemmen, J. L. van; Hodson, C. J.; Singh, N.; Klootwijk, J. H.; Roozeboom, F.; Sanden, M. C. M. van de; Kessels, W. M. M. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology, North End, Yatton BS49 4AP (United Kingdom); Philips Research Laboratories, High Tech Campus 4, 5656 AE Eindhoven (Netherlands); NXP Semiconductors Research, High Tech Campus 4, 5656 AE Eindhoven (Netherlands); Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors describe a remote plasma atomic layer deposition reactor (Oxford Instruments FlexAL trade mark sign ) that includes an inductively coupled plasma source and a load lock capable of handling substrates up to 200 mm in diameter. The deposition of titanium nitride (TiN) and hafnium oxide (HfO{sub 2}) is described for the combination of the metal-halide precursor TiCl{sub 4} and H{sub 2}-N{sub 2} plasma and the combination of the metallorganic precursor Hf[N(CH{sub 3})(C{sub 2}H{sub 5})]{sub 4} and O{sub 2} plasma, respectively. The influence of the plasma exposure time and substrate temperature has been studied and compositional, structural, and electrical properties are reported. TiN films with a low Cl impurity content were obtained at 350 deg. C at a growth rate of 0.35 A /cycle with an electrical resistivity as low as 150 {mu}{omega} cm. Carbon-free (detection limit <2 at. %) HfO{sub 2} films were obtained at a growth rate of 1.0 A /cycle at 290 deg. C. The thickness and resisitivity nonuniformity was <5% for the TiN and the thickness uniformality was <2% for the HfO{sub 2} films as determined over 200 mm wafers.

  3. Testing Results for Nb-Ti, 120-mm-Aperture, Low-B Quadrupole Models for the LHC High-Luminosity Insertion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, G A; Bajko, M; Charrondiere, M; Bourcey, N; Datskov, V I; Fessia, P; Feuvrier, J; Galbraith, P; Garcia Tabares, A; Garcia-Perez, J; Granieri, P; Hagen, P; Lorin, C; Perez, J C; Russenschuck, S; Sahner, T; Segreti, M; Todesco, E; Willering, G

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design and construction of a 120 mm wide-aperture, Nb-Ti superconducting quadrupole magnet for the LHC insertion region is part of a study towards a luminosity upgrade of the LHC at CERN, envisaged for 2020-22. The main challenges for this accelerator quality magnet are to operate reliably with the high heat and radiation loads that are predicted in the insertion magnet regions. Calculations give approximately 500 Watts over the 30-m-long string of insertion magnets, while today LHC is operating for a nominal heat load of 12 Watts. To extract this heat, the model magnets incorporate new features: Open cable insulation, open ground insulation, open magnet structure, and a quench heater that has open channels to help extract the steady state heat load. This paper presents results from tests at room temperature and 1.8 K for the initial model magnet. We report magnet training, transfer function and field quality measurements, quench heater performance, and heat extraction studies using imbedded heaters to si...

  4. The Ability of MM5 to Simulate Ice Clouds: Systematic Comparison between Simulated and Measured Fluxes and Lidar/Radar Profiles at SIRTA Atmospheric Observatory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiriaco, M.; Vautard, R.; Chepfer, H.; Haeffelin, M.; Wanherdrick, Y.; Morille, Y.; Protat, A.; Dudhia, J.

    2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Ice clouds play a major role in the radiative energy budget of the Earth-atmosphere system (Liou 1986). Their radiative effect is governed primarily by the equilibrium between their albedo and greenhouse effects. Both macrophysical and microphysical properties of ice clouds regulate this equilibrium. For quantifying the effect of these clouds onto climate and weather systems, they must be properly characterized in atmospheric models. In this paper we use remote-sensing measurements from the SIRTA ground based atmospheric observatory (Site Instrumental de Recherche par Teledetection Atmospherique, http://sirta.lmd.polytechnique.fr). Lidar and radar observations taken over 18 months are used, in order to gain statistical confidence in the model evaluation. Along this period of time, 62 days are selected for study because they contain parts of ice clouds. We use the ''model to observations'' approach by simulating lidar and radar signals from MM5 outputs. Other more classical variables such as shortwave and longwave radiative fluxes are also used. Four microphysical schemes, among which that proposed by Reisner et al. (1998) with original or modified parameterizations of particle terminal fall velocities (Zurovac-Jevtic and Zhang 2003, Heymsfield and Donner 1990), and the simplified Dudhia (1989) scheme are evaluated in this study.

  5. Friction Factor Measurement, Analysis, and Modeling for Flat-Plates with 12.15 mm Diameter Hole-Pattern, Tested with Air at Different Clearances, Inlet Pressures, and Pressure Ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deva Asirvatham, Thanesh

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    of 800, 1000, and 1200 psi respectively). These nine combinations of clearance and inlet pressure will give a range of friction factor. The following objectives are considered. 17 Figure 10. Detailed view of a 3.175 mm diameter hole...

  6. cession Numb Main Entry Title Description Restrictions Material type Extent in container Location Slides Map Case M/A Date MM/DD/YY Accession date Notes Folder List 81-002 Froman, Lenore Photographs, 1959

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    Slides Map Case M/A Date MM/DD/YY Accession date Notes Folder List 81-002 Froman, Lenore Photographs, 1959 Five color 35mm slides depicting the departure of R/V Stranger on Naga Expedition, 15 June 1959. Photographs 5 items Slides 1A 1A 7/21/1981 1981 Not Needed 81-003 SIO Ship Operations and Marine Technical

  7. mm-Wave Op-Amps employing simple-Miller compensation, with OIP3/PDC ratios of 211 (10 dB NF) and 144 (6.0 dB NF) at 2 GHz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodwell, Mark J. W.

    mm-Wave Op-Amps employing simple-Miller compensation, with OIP3/PDC ratios of 211 (10 dB NF/PDC ratio at fs = 2-3 GHz, compared to state-of-the-art. We address considerations important 1000 mW power dissipation PDC . This very high ratio of output-referred third-order-intercept power

  8. Computation of the free energy due to electron density fluctuation of a solute in solution: A QM/MM method with perturbation approach combined with a theory of solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuoka, Daiki; Takahashi, Hideaki, E-mail: hideaki@m.tohoku.ac.jp; Morita, Akihiro [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai Miyagi 980-8578 (Japan)] [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai Miyagi 980-8578 (Japan)

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We developed a perturbation approach to compute solvation free energy ?? within the framework of QM (quantum mechanical)/MM (molecular mechanical) method combined with a theory of energy representation (QM/MM-ER). The energy shift ? of the whole system due to the electronic polarization of the solute is evaluated using the second-order perturbation theory (PT2), where the electric field formed by surrounding solvent molecules is treated as the perturbation to the electronic Hamiltonian of the isolated solute. The point of our approach is that the energy shift ?, thus obtained, is to be adopted for a novel energy coordinate of the distribution functions which serve as fundamental variables in the free energy functional developed in our previous work. The most time-consuming part in the QM/MM-ER simulation can be, thus, avoided without serious loss of accuracy. For our benchmark set of molecules, it is demonstrated that the PT2 approach coupled with QM/MM-ER gives hydration free energies in excellent agreements with those given by the conventional method utilizing the Kohn-Sham SCF procedure except for a few molecules in the benchmark set. A variant of the approach is also proposed to deal with such difficulties associated with the problematic systems. The present approach is also advantageous to parallel implementations. We examined the parallel efficiency of our PT2 code on multi-core processors and found that the speedup increases almost linearly with respect to the number of cores. Thus, it was demonstrated that QM/MM-ER coupled with PT2 deserves practical applications to systems of interest.

  9. Artificial neural network modeling of the spontaneous combustion occurring in the industrial-scale coal stockpiles with 10-18 mm coal grain sizes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ozdeniz, A.H.; Yilmaz, N. [Selcuk University, Konya (Turkey). Dept. of Mining Engineering

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Companies consuming large amounts of coal should work with coal stocks in order to not face problems due to production delays. The industrial-scale stockpiles formed for the aforementioned reasons cause environmental problems and economic losses for the companies. This study was performed in a coal stock area of a large company in Konya, which uses large amounts of coal in its manufacturing units. The coal stockpile with 5 m width, 10 m length, 3 m height, and having 120 tons of weight was formed in the coal stock area of the company. The inner temperature data of the stockpile was recorded by 17 temperature sensors placed inside the stockpile at certain points. In order to achieve this goal, the electrical signal conversion of temperatures sensed by 17 temperature sensors placed in certain points inside the coal stockpile, the transfer of these electrical signals into computer media by using analog-digital conversion unit after applying necessary filtration and upgrading processes, and the record of these information into a database in particular time intervals are provided. Additionally, the data relating to the air temperature, air humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind velocity, and wind direction that are the parameters affecting the coal stockpile were also recorded. Afterwards, these measurement values were used for training and testing of an artificial neural network model. Comparison of the experimental and artificial neural network results, accuracy rates of training and testing were found to be 99.5% and 99.17%, respectively. It is shown that possible coal stockpile behavior with this artificial neural network model is powerfully estimated.

  10. Mme B. Cunot MM. N. Bertier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    combustion de turbine a gaz Luc-Henry DOREY Département d'Énergétique Fondamentale et Appliquée Thèse de de combustion de turbine à gaz Soutenue le 1 juin 2012 Composition du jury : Mme Cuénot B. Rapporteur

  11. Mineralogic Model (MM3.0) Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Sanchez

    2004-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to provide a three-dimensional (3-D) representation of the mineral abundance within the geologic framework model domain. The mineralogic model enables project personnel to estimate mineral abundances at any position, within the model region, and within any stratigraphic unit in the model area. The model provides the abundance and distribution of 10 minerals and mineral groups within 22 stratigraphic sequences or model layers in the Yucca Mountain area. The uncertainties and limitations associated with this model are discussed in Section 6.4. Model validation accomplished by corroboration with data not cited as direct input is discussed in Section 7.

  12. mm-Wave Phase Shifters and Switches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adabi Firouzjaei, Ehsan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    media players and other personal devices while enhancing thein “Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)” devices to automotive

  13. INSTRUCTIONS Annual Supply Inventory Certificate MM-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    , University Director & Operations Manager Materials & Logistics Management Room #: FB058 MC 2012 Telephone - Mandatory _______ _________________________________________________ 3. Materials Management Supervisor for Materials & Logistics Management _______________________________________________ Typed Name - Mandatory

  14. Physical Consequences of a Momenta-Transfering Particle Theory of Induced Gravity and New Measurements Indicating Variation from Inverse Square Law at Length Scale of .1 mm: Statistical Time Properties of Gravitational Interaction and Analysis Thereof

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary Christopher Vezzoli

    2001-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents physical consequences of our theory of induced gravity (Ref.1) regarding: 1) the requirement to consider shape and materials properties when calculating graviton cross section collision area; 2) use of Special Relativity; 3) implications regarding the shape of cosmos; 4) comparison to explanations using General Relativity; 5) properties of black holes; 6) relationship to the strong force and the theorized Higgs boson; 7) the possible origin of magnetic attraction; 8) new measurements showing variation from gravitational inverse square behavior at length scales of 0.1 mm and relationship to the Cosmological constant, and proof of the statistical time properties of the gravitational interaction.

  15. Crew-Served Machine Guns 5.56-mm and 7.62-mm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ....................................................................................................1-19 CLEANING AND LUBRICATING PROCEDURES AND PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE .........................................................................1-8 Section II. MAINTENANCE..........................................................................................1-28 MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES .....................................................................1

  16. Coupling MM5 with LSM1: Development, Testing, and Application - MM5_workshop

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases on &gamma;-Al2O3. |ID#: 19834Costsincludingincludinga

  17. Microsoft Word - WH-MM-809 NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    on three offsite 36" crude oil pipeline valves running from WH to the Lake Charles Meter Station (3-PL00-MOV2, 3-PL00-MOV3, and 3-PL00-MOV4). Tasks include excavation of the...

  18. MEASUREMENTS OF THE 1MM RECEIVER OPTICS Dick Plambeck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    defective rods of extruded Teflon (PTFE). These rods were slightly porous along their central axes, leading roughness, gaps between panels, and scattering by panel #12; -- 2 -- adjusting screws) are summarized

  19. Microsoft Word - BM-MM-821A.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    carbon dioxide, geothermal system fluids, hydrogen gas, natural gas, nitrogen gas, oil, produced water, steam, and water). Covered modifications would not have the potential to...

  20. Microsoft Word - BM-MM-762 NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    tools, equipment, and supervision required to replace the existing brine disposal piping to the BM brine tank with new carbon steel pipe and concrete lined carbon steel pipe....

  1. Microsoft Word - BM-MM-1026 NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    026 Title: Replace Sparge Piping at BM RWIS Description: Subcontractor shall shall provide all labor, materials, tools, equipment, and supervision required to replace sparge piping...

  2. Microsoft Word - VP-MM-820 NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    recovery, or treatment facilities, but the proposal may include categorically excluded waste storage, disposal, recovery, or treatment actions. 3. Disturb hazardous substances,...

  3. Microsoft Word - BH-MM-746B NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of water, soil, rock, or contaminants; and sampling and characterization of water effluents, air emissions, or solid waste streams. Electronic approval via NEPA Workflow 92313 ....

  4. 800mm luxury : pencil tower phenomenon in Hong Kong, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yam, Hiu Lan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    150m2 - 40m2 - 60m3. Pencil Towers are slender pencil-like apartment buildings. They are commonly found in high-dense Asian cities such as Hong Kong, Tokyo and Singapore. Focusing on Hong Kong as the context of research, ...

  5. In-vehicle mm-Wave Channel Model and Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zemen, Thomas

    and costly cable bundles with wireless links. The current upswing of electrically-propelled vehicles, Ales Prokes The Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication Brno University of Technology Brno kilometers of wires weighing easily up to 50 kg [1], while vehicle manufacturers appreciate weight savings

  6. Dimensions are shown in inch (mm ) Dimensions subject to change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    pole 1 BCD code 2 BCD complement code 3 Gray code 4 Hexadecimal code Contact Material 3 (STD), Gold 1 SPDT, SP3T, SP4T functions · Rotary binary-decimal and hexadecimal coding Typical Applications · Timers RTE1010N13 10 BCD 65 RTE1000N33 RTE1010N33 10 GRAY 65 RTE1600N43 RTE1610N43 10 HEXADECIMAL 65 PC Mount

  7. Microsoft Word - BM-MM-762A,GFE.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    A Title: Replace Brine Disposal System Header to BM Brine Tank, GFE Description: Manufacturer shall provide the piping and fittings associated with the replacement of the brine...

  8. A mm-scale aeroelastic oscillation-based anemometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Ian Salmon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The flutter of a thin filament can provide a good indication of fluid velocity at small scales. By combining a 'fishtail'-shaped filament's aeroelastic and vortex-forced flutter modes, its oscillation frequency can be ...

  9. Microsoft Word - WH-MM-780 NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to replace the seven obsolete WH raw water injection pump vibration transmitters at pumps WHP-526 though WHP-532. Tasks include replacing the existing GE Bentley Nevada 1800...

  10. Microsoft Word - BM-MM-1152 NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    equipment, and supervision required to replace the existing Bryan Mound brine disposal pumps, BMP- 115 and BMP-116 with two new pumps (supplied as Government Furnished Equipment)....

  11. 40 MM Grenade Launcher Qualification Requirements at Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3 Beryllium-Associated Worker2014Department of Energy 3Keene -EXECUTIVE.5

  12. Posters Surface Flux Intercomparison Between the MM5 Model

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006PhotovoltaicSeptember 22, 2014SocietyJ. Dudhia51 Posters755177331

  13. Microsoft Word - WH-MM-767B NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    67B Title: Replace WH Brine Disposal System Header from MOV-51's to WHT-1415 Brine Tanks with HDPE Pipe Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, tools, materials,...

  14. Microsoft Word - BC-MM-815 NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    resources. Categorical Exclusion to be applied: B1.4 Installation or modification of air conditioning systems required for temperature control for operation of existing...

  15. Microsoft Word - MM5_LSM_JGR.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMappingENVIRONMENTALHYDROPOWERFebruarySave the October 30,74Impact of

  16. Microsoft Word - BH-MM-1038 NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    38 Title: Recondition and Repair BHTX-14 Transformer Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, tools, equipment, and transportation required to remanufacture...

  17. ANNUAL REPORT U.S. DEPARlMm OF COMMERCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , or to this publication furnished by the NOAA Environmental Research Laboratories, in any advertising or sales an intent to cause directly or indirectly the advertised product to be used or purchased because and an understanding of the transport and dispersion of pollutants; surface waves and oscillations-critical to lake

  18. THE CM-, MM-, AND SUB-MM-WAVE SPECTRUM OF ALLYL ISOCYANIDE AND RADIOASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONS IN ORION KL AND THE SgrB2 LINE SURVEYS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haykal, I.; Margulès, L.; Huet, T. R.; Motyienko, R. A. [Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Atomes, et Molécules, UMR CNRS 8523, Université de Lille 1, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cédex (France); Écija, P.; Cocinero, E. J.; Basterretxea, F.; Fernández, J. A.; Castaño, F. [Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad del País Vasco, Barrio Sarriena s/n, E-48940 Leioa (Spain); Lesarri, A. [Departamento de Química Física y Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valladolid, E-47011 Valladolid (Spain); Guillemin, J. C. [Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, CNRS, UMR 6226, Allèe de Beaulieu, CS 50837, F-35708 Rennes Cedex 7 (France); Tercero, B.; Cernicharo, J., E-mail: laurent.margules@univ-lille1.fr [Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), Laboratory of Molecular Astrophysics, Department of Astrophysics, Ctra. De Ajalvir, km 4, E-28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid (Spain)

    2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic isocyanides have an interesting astrochemistry and some of these molecules have been detected in the interstellar medium (ISM). However, rotational spectral data for this class of compounds are still scarce. We provide laboratory spectra of the four-carbon allyl isocyanide covering the full microwave region, thus allowing a potential astrophysical identification in the ISM. We assigned the rotational spectrum of the two cis (synperiplanar) and gauche (anticlinal) conformations of allyl isocyanide in the centimeter-wave region (4-18 GHz), resolved its {sup 14}N nuclear quadrupole coupling (NQC) hyperfine structure, and extended the measurements into the millimeter and submillimeter-wave (150-900 GHz) ranges for the title compound. Rotational constants for all the monosubstituted {sup 13}C and {sup 15}N isotopologues are additionally provided. Laboratory observations are supplemented with initial radioastronomical observations. Following analysis of an extensive dataset (>11000 rotational transitions), accurate ground-state molecular parameters are reported for the cis and gauche conformations of the molecule, including rotational constants, NQC parameters, and centrifugal distortion terms up to octic contributions. Molecular parameters have also been obtained for the two first excited states of the cis conformation, with a dataset of more than 3300 lines. The isotopic data allowed determining substitution and effective structures for the title compound. We did not detect allyl isocyanide either in the IRAM 30 m line survey of Orion KL or in the PRIMOS survey toward SgrB2. Nevertheless, we provided an upper limit to its column density in Orion KL.

  19. MMPerformance MM JAZZ MM Conducting MA/MS Apply to the Department and to the University. See the Yellow "Notice to Graduate Applicants" Sheet for required materials.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Oral Form All students must complete the Degree Audit Reporting System (DARS) and submit it the term before taking the Exit Exam. Submit DARS to the Music Graduate Studies Coordinator, Dr. Joel Bluestone

  20. A MOLECULAR LINE SURVEY OF THE CARBON-RICH PROTOPLANETARY NEBULA AFGL 2688 IN THE 3 mm AND 1.3 mm WINDOWS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Yong; Kwok, Sun; Nakashima, Jun-ichi; Chau, Wayne [Department of Physics, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong (Hong Kong); Dinh-V-Trung, E-mail: zhangy96@hku.hk, E-mail: sunkwok@hku.hk, E-mail: junichi@hku.hk, E-mail: dvtrung@iop.vast.ac.vn [Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 10 DaoTan Street, BaDinh, Hanoi (Viet Nam)

    2013-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a spectral line survey of the protoplanetary nebula (PPN) AFGL 2688 in the frequency ranges of 71-111 GHz, 157-160 GHz, and 218-267 GHz using the Arizona Radio Observatory 12 m telescope and the Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope. A total of 143 individual spectral features associated with 32 different molecular species and isotopologues were identified. The molecules C{sub 3}H, CH{sub 3}CN, H{sub 2}CO, H{sub 2}CS, and HCO{sup +} were detected for the first time in this object. By comparing the integrated line strengths of different transitions, we are able to determine the rotation temperatures, column densities, and fractional abundances of the detected molecules. The C, O, and N isotopic ratios in AFGL 2688 are compared with those in IRC+10216 and the Sun, and were found to be consistent with stellar nucleosynthesis theory. Through comparisons of molecular line strengths in asymptotic giant branch stars, PPNs, and planetary nebulae, we discuss the evolution in circumstellar chemistry in the late stages of evolution.

  1. Oct. 12, 2005 QM/MM: What have we learned, where are we, and where

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truhlar, Donald G

    and electric embedding are contrasted. We consider methods applicable to gas-phase organic chemistry, liquid to computational chemists. At the same time, there is increasing interest in nanostructured materials, condensed advances in modeling potential energy surfaces, in statistical mechanical sampling, and in dynamics

  2. MM@MMaking Maths at Manchester General Course Information for the 2013 event.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glendinning, Paul

    walk away from the Alan Turing (Mathematics) building. Students will have their own room, with working minutes. There is a multi-storey car park next door to the Alan Turing building. A map and detailed

  3. Student Name: ______________________________ Birthdate (MM/DD/YY): ____________ PART I SCREENING: Please answer the following questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland

  4. Ferrite-Cored Solenoidal Induction Coil Sensor for BUD (MM-1667)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrison, F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    following observations: 1) A ferrite-cored solenoidal coilthe same order as L. 2) A ferrite-cored solenoidal coil canstable response. 4) Feedback ferrite-cored solenoidal coils

  5. Ferrite-Cored Solenoidal Induction Coil Sensor for BUD (MM-1667)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrison, F.; Becker, A.; Conti, U.; Gasperikova, E.

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have designed and lab tested a new ferrite cored induction coil sensor for measuring the secondary fields from metallic UXO with the BUD system. The objective was to replace the 5-inch diameter air-cored coils in the BUD system with smaller sensors that would allow the placement of multiple sensors in the smaller package of the new BUD hand-held system. A ferrite-cored solenoidal coil of length L can easily be made to have sensitivity and noise level roughly the same as an air-cored coil of a diameter on the same order as L. A ferrite-cored solenoidal coil can easily have a feedback configuration to achieve critical damping. The feedback configuration leads to a very stable response. Feedback ferrite-cored solenoidal coils show very little interaction as long as they are separated by one half their length.

  6. Evaluation of 5 mm-thick CdTe Detectors from the Company Acrorad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. B. Garson III; I. V. Jung; J. Perkins; H. Krawczynski

    2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Using 2.0 cm x 2.0 cm x 0.5 cm Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) substrates from the company Acrorad, we have fabricated detectors with planar cathode contacts and 8x8 anode pixels. We investigate the I-V characteristics and energy resolution of the detectors for different contact materials and surface treatments. After biasing the detectors for a certain period of time, the dark currents increase dramatically. Out studies show that the time before breakdown decreases for higher detector temperatures and higher applied bias voltages. We obtained the best results with a Pt cathode and In anode pixels when we heat the detector to 90 C for 30 minutes prior to depositing the In contacts. Flood-illuminating the detector with 662 keV X-rays, we measured the pulse length distribution and derived an electron mobility of ~860 cm^(2)/V/s. We show that the energy resolution can be improved by correcting the anode signals for the depth of the primary interaction. Operated at -40 C and cathode bias of -500 V, the best pixels of the best detector achieved full width half maximum (FWHM) energy resolutions of 8 keV (6.4%) and 23 keV (3.4%) at 122 keV and 662 keV, respectively.

  7. Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements and Analysis of Bypass Data for a Scaled 6mm Gap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.R. Wolf; T.E. Conder; R.R. Schultz

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the fluid dynamics experiments in the MIR (Matched Index of-Refraction) flow system at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is to develop benchmark databases for the assessment of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solutions of the momentum equations, scalar mixing, and turbulence models for the flow ratios between coolant channels and bypass gaps in the interstitial regions of typical prismatic standard fuel element (SFE) or upper reflector block geometries of typical Modular High-temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (MHTGR) in the limiting case of negligible buoyancy and constant fluid properties. The experiments will use optical techniques, primarily particle image velocimetry (PIV) in the INL Matched Index of Refraction (MIR) flow system.

  8. Universit`a degli Studi di Padova Facolt`a di Scienze MM.FF.NN.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fassò, Francesco

    Bennet [4], hanno studiato la stabilit`a lineare tramite la teoria di Floquet, Alfriend [1], ha ottenuto stessi risultati dei lavori di Danby e Bennet, ma fornisce una giustificazione pi`u chiara delle

  9. Exploring the Multidimensional Free Energy Surface of Phosphoester Hydrolysis with Constrained QM/MM Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerwert, Klaus

    Exploring the Multidimensional Free Energy Surface of Phosphoester Hydrolysis with Constrained QM water. Detailed free energy landscapes in two-dimensional and three-dimensional space were resolved that was demonstrated to be powerful for free energy calculations along multiple coordinates. As in previous theoretical

  10. ALMA observations of alpha Centauri: First detection of main-sequence stars at 3mm wavelength

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liseau, R; Bayo, A; Bertone, E; Black, J H; del Burgo, C; Chavez, M; Danchi, W; De la Luz, V; Eiroa, C; Ertel, S; Fridlund, M C W; Justtanont, K; Krivov, A; Marshall, J P; Mora, A; Montesinos, B; Nyman, L -A; Olofsson, G; Sanz-Forcada, J; Thebault, P; White, G J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The precise mechanisms that provide the non-radiative energy for heating the chromosphere and the corona of the Sun and those of other stars constitute an active field of research. By studying stellar chromospheres one aims at identifying the relevant physical processes. Defining the permittable extent of the parameter space can also serve as a template for the Sun-as-a-star. Earlier observations with Herschel and APEX have revealed the temperature minimum of alpha Cen, but these were unable to spatially resolve the binary into individual components. With the data reported here, we aim at remedying this shortcoming. Furthermore, these earlier data were limited to the wavelength region between 100 and 870mu. In the present context, we intend to extend the spectral mapping to longer wavelengths, where the contrast between stellar photospheric and chromospheric emission becomes increasingly evident. ALMA is particularly suited to point sources, such as unresolved stars. ALMA provides the means to achieve our obj...

  11. Sub-mm and X-ray background: two unrelated phenomena?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Severgnini; R. Maiolino; M. Salvati; D. Axon; A. Cimatti; F. Fiore; R. Gilli; F. La Franca; A. Marconi; G. Matt; G. Risaliti; C. Vignali

    2000-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Obscured AGNs are thought to contribute a large fraction of the hard X-ray background (2-10 keV), and have also been proposed as the powerhouse of a fraction of the SCUBA sources which make most of the background at 850um, thus providing a link between the two spectral windows. We have tackled this issue by comparing data at 2-10 keV and at 850um for a sample of 34 sources at fluxes (or limiting fluxes) which resolve most of the background in the two bands. We present here new SCUBA observations, and new correlations between separate data sets retrieved from the literature. Similar correlations presented by others are added for completeness. None of the 11 hard X-ray (2-10 keV) sources has a counterpart at 850um, with the exception of a Chandra source in the SSA13 field, which is a candidate type 2, heavily absorbed QSO at high redshift. The ratios F(850um)/F(5keV) (mostly upper limits) of the X-ray sources are significantly lower than the value observed for the cosmic background. In particular, we obtain that 2-10 keV sources brighter than 10^-15 erg s^-1 cm^-2, which make at least 75% of the background in this band, contribute for less than 7% to the submillimeter background. Out of the 24 SCUBA sources, 23 are undetected by Chandra. The ratios F(850um)/F(5keV) (mostly lower limits) of these SCUBA sources indicate that most of them must be powered either by starburst activity, or by an AGN which is obscured by a column Nh > 10^25 cm^-2, with a reflection efficiency in the hard X rays significantly lower than 1% in most cases. However, AGNs of this type could not contribute significantly to the 2-10 keV background.

  12. Sub-mm and X-ray background two unrelated phenomena?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severgnini, P; Salvati, M; Axon, D J; Cimatti, A; Fiore, F; Gilli, R; La Franca, F; Marconi, A; Matt, G; Risaliti, G; Vignali, C

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obscured AGNs are thought to contribute a large fraction of the hard X-ray background (2-10 keV), and have also been proposed as the powerhouse of a fraction of the SCUBA sources which make most of the background at 850um, thus providing a link between the two spectral windows. We have tackled this issue by comparing data at 2-10 keV and at 850um for a sample of 34 sources at fluxes (or limiting fluxes) which resolve most of the background in the two bands. We present here new SCUBA observations, and new correlations between separate data sets retrieved from the literature. Similar correlations presented by others are added for completeness. None of the 11 hard X-ray (2-10 keV) sources has a counterpart at 850um, with the exception of a Chandra source in the SSA13 field, which is a candidate type 2, heavily absorbed QSO at high redshift. The ratios F(850um)/F(5keV) (mostly upper limits) of the X-ray sources are significantly lower than the value observed for the cosmic background. In particular, we obtain tha...

  13. ISOLTRAP mass measurements of exotic nuclides at m/m = 10-8 , G. Bollend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . ISOLTRAP has so far been used to measure the masses of close to 300 radionuclides across the chart of nuclides, which are included in the recent Atomic-Mass Evaluation (AME2003) [5], with the exception

  14. MM-wave cyclotron auto-resonance maser for plasma heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ceccuzzi, S.; Ravera, G. L.; Tuccillo, A. A. [Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, C.R. Frascati, Via Enrico Fermi 45, 00044, Frascati, Roma (Italy); Dattoli, G.; Di Palma, E.; Doria, A.; Gallerano, G. P.; Giovenale, E.; Spassovsky, I.; Surrenti, V. [ENEA UTAPRAD, C.R. Frascati, Via Enrico Fermi 45, 00044, Frascati, Roma (Italy); Mirizzi, F. [Consorzio CREATE, Via Claudio 21, 80125, Napoli (Italy)

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Heating and Current Drive systems are of outstanding relevance in fusion plasmas, magnetically confined in tokamak devices, as they provide the tools to reach, sustain and control burning conditions. Heating systems based on the electron cyclotron resonance (ECRH) have been extensively exploited on past and present machines DEMO, and the future reactor will require high frequencies. Therefore, high power (?1MW) RF sources with output frequency in the 200 - 300 GHz range would be necessary. A promising source is the so called Cyclotron Auto-Resonance Maser (CARM). Preliminary results of the conceptual design of a CARM device for plasma heating, carried out at ENEA-Frascati will be presented together with the planned R and D development.

  15. PART 1. Student background University ID Social Security number Birthdate (mm/dd/yyyy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Support Resources. Do not return this form to your college or academic department. Return this form to: Academic Support Resources By U.S. Postal Service mail Academic Support Resources 20 Fraser Hall 106 from no less than 20 percent post-consumer waste. Please recycle.*OTR161* updated by date for office

  16. Vibrational Spectra of Water Solutions of Azoles from QM/MM Calculations: Effects of Solvation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    ) and solution conditions can successfully indicate the role of the solvent in determining the structural

  17. Pseudobond parameters for QM/MM studies involving nucleosides, nucleotides, and their analogs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaudret, Robin [Duke University, North Carolina] [Duke University, North Carolina; Parks, Jerry M [ORNL] [ORNL; Yang, Weitao [Duke University, North Carolina] [Duke University, North Carolina

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In biological systems involving nucleosides, nucleotides, or their respective analogs, the ribose sugar moiety is the most common reaction site, for example, during DNA replication and repair. How- ever, nucleic bases, which comprise a sizable portion of nucleotide molecules, are usually unreactive during such processes. In quantum mechanical/molecular simulations of nucleic acid reactivity, it may therefore be advantageous to describe specific ribosyl or ribosyl phosphate groups quantum me- chanically and their respective nucleic bases with a molecular mechanics potential function. Here, we have extended the pseudobond approach to enable quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical simulations involving nucleotides, nucleosides, and their analogs in which the interface between the two subsystems is located between the sugar and the base, namely, the C(sp3) N(sp2) bond. The pseudobond parameters were optimized on a training set of 10 molecules representing several nu- cleotide and nucleoside bases and analogs, and they were then tested on a larger test set of 20 diverse molecules. Particular emphasis was placed on providing accurate geometries and electrostatic prop- erties, including electrostatic potential, natural bond orbital (NBO) and atoms in molecules (AIM) charges and AIM first moments. We also tested the optimized parameters on five nucleotide and nu- cleoside analogues of pharmaceutical relevance and a small polypeptide (triglycine). Accuracy was maintained for these systems, which highlights the generality and transferability of the pseudobond approach. 2013 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4772182

  18. This article was downloaded by: [MM Ali] On: 04 January 2012, At: 17:55

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK Remote Sensing Letters Publication details, including of satellite-derived tropical cyclone heat potential with in situ observations in the North Indian Ocean, National Remote Sensing Centre, ISRO, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India b Atlantic Oceanographic

  19. Assessing the Performance of 5mm White LED Light Sources for Developing-Country Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    performance variations. Incandescent and fluorescent lightbetter than the common incandescent lamp. Off-grid lighting

  20. Powering mm-Size Wireless Implants for Brain-Machine Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark, Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    applica- tions include bio-fuel cells utilizing glucose frombatteries [Roundy04] Glucose bio-fuel cell utilizing glucose

  1. Injection-locked composite lasers for mm-wave modulation : LDRD 117819 final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, Joel Robert; Vawter, Gregory Allen; Raring, James; Tauke-Pedretti, Anna; Alford, Charles Fred (Sandia Staffing Alliance, LLC, Albuquerque, NM); Skogen, Erik J.; Chow, Weng Wah; Cajas, Florante G. (LMATA Government Services, LLC, Albuquerque, NM); Overberg, Mark E.; Torres, David L. (LMATA Government Services, LLC, Albuquerque, NM); Peake, Gregory Merwin

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes a 3-year LDRD program at Sandia National Laboratories exploring mutual injection locking of composite-cavity lasers for enhanced modulation responses. The program focused on developing a fundamental understanding of the frequency enhancement previously demonstrated for optically injection locked lasers. This was then applied to the development of a theoretical description of strongly coupled laser microsystems. This understanding was validated experimentally with a novel 'photonic lab bench on a chip'.

  2. MM-ulator: Towards a Common Evaluation Platform for Mixed Mode Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryk, Oskar von

    ; Venice, Italy, Proceedings), pp.42-52, published by Springer (LNAI 5325) Abstract. We investigate interfaces, energy resources, sensor data). The scenarios addressed within MMEs may vary from monitor- ing

  3. Water Management EC Kumbur and MM Mench, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    , hydrogen-based proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are the most suited for many stationary power fuel cell (PEMFC) assembly and components. CL, catalyst layer; DM, diffusion medium, PEM, polymer, USA & 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Introduction Fuel cells hold great promise to meet

  4. Evaluation of MM5 Simulations With HTSVS With and Without Inclusion of Soil-Frost Parameterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moelders, Nicole

    things soil freezing and thawing. Reanalysis of temperature, wind vector, specific humidity-frost. For precipitation, the wind vector, and in the mid-troposphere for temperature, the improvement index-frost into the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model improved the simulation of annual

  5. An, Yuehuei, Adjunct Associate Professor, Bioengineering. MD, Harbin Medical University (China), 1983; MM, Beijing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolding, M. Chad

    , Entomology, Soils, and Plant Sciences. BS, Texas A&M University, 1993; MS, Oklahoma State University, 1995 of Technology Arai, Yuji, Assistant Professor, Entomology, Soils, and Plant Sciences. BS, University, 2002, Clemson University Ayalew, Beshahwired, Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering. BS, Addis

  6. Powering mm-Size Wireless Implants for Brain-Machine Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark, Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 ? of extra resistance (equivalent to 0.5 ? per connection)and increasing the equivalent resistance of the input tankapproximately 240), the equivalent resistance at resonance

  7. Electronic Properties of Disordered Organic Semiconductors via QM/MM Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Difley, Seth

    Organic semiconductors (OSCs) have recently received significant attention for their potential use in photovoltaic, light emitting diode, and field effect transistor devices. Part of the appeal of OSCs is the disordered, ...

  8. Fragment-Based QM/MM Method for Modeling Molecular Crystals and Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanda, Kaushik

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sublimation Enthalpies in kJ/mol for “2c” and “9a1” structures 115 xiii Chapter 1 Introduction Broad Overview of Computational Chemistry

  9. LS Note 339 - Calculated Shims' Signatures with the 17.2 mm Period New Undulator

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, NewattractsDamping of PlasmaMethod9

  10. LS Note 340 - New Design for a 27-mm Period Undulator for the MBA Lattice

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample6, 2011 LOS ALAMOS, NewattractsDamping of

  11. A QM/MM Approach to Interpreting Zn-67 Solid-State NMR data in Zinc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |November 2011A First LookMicroscopy

  12. TITLE: AUTHOR(S) SUBMITTED TO: Mm EVOLUTIO:l C: S!LICIC

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformation In closing, an overarchingInformationTHERMOANALYTICAL TECHNIQUESTITLE:

  13. QM/MM Calculations in Drug Discovery: A Useful Method for Studying Binding M. Paul Gleeson*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Steven O.

    it can be used by a program team. This process can sometimes take months to realize a result if at all discovery process which sees the optimization of a lead molecule in a rational, structurally enabled manner density of a static crystal structure, which itself is an average of a dynamic system.9,10 Although

  14. INSTRUCTIONS Request for Implant, Instrument or Supply for Procedure Form MM-12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    To: Karen Grady, Materials Management Resource Manager Materials & Logistics Management Room #: LB058 ____________________________________________________ Typed Name - Mandatory Date: OFFICE MATERIALS & LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT (MLM) Reference #: Page 1 of 2 #12;SECTION 2 (To be ccompleted by Materials Management): On Contract?: Yes No If "Yes", Contract #: Product

  15. INSTRUCTIONS e-Portal and MMIS Signature Authorization Form Surplus Property Program -MM-3S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    For Materials & Logistics Management Use Only: Signatures: Date: Date: ____________________________________________________ 1. Authorized Materials & Logistics Management Signature/31/14 OFFICE MATERIALS & LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT (MLM) #12;

  16. Tons of Heavy Metals in Mill Creek Sediments Heather Freeman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maynard, J. Barry

    objectives for this summer research were to: 1.) determine how much heavy metal pollution has accumulatedTons of Heavy Metals in Mill Creek Sediments Heather Freeman 8/30/99 Geology Department Advisors: Dr. Kees DeJong Dr. Barry Manyard Dr. David Nash #12;Tons of heavy metals in Mill Creek sediments

  17. (Data in metric tons of silver content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    146 SILVER (Data in metric tons 1 of silver content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production.S. refiners of commercial-grade silver, with an estimated total output of 6,500 tons from domestic and foreign to minimize odor, electroplating, hardening bearings, inks, mirrors, solar cells, water purification, and wood

  18. (Data in metric tons of silver content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    146 SILVER (Data in metric tons 1 of silver content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production.S. refiners of commercial-grade silver, with an estimated total output of 6,500 tons from domestic and foreign, hardening bearings, inks, mirrors, solar cells, water purification, and wood treatment to resist mold

  19. (Data in metric tons of silver content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    146 SILVER (Data in metric tons 1 of silver content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production, with an estimated total output of 2,500 tons from domestic and foreign ores and concentrates, and from old and new, mirrors, solar cells, water purification, and wood treatment. Silver was used for miniature antennas

  20. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    metal recycled by the titanium industry totaled about 18,000 tons in 2001. Estimated use of titanium as scrap and in the form of ferrotitanium made from scrap by the steel industry was about 6,000 tons; by the superalloy industry, 900 tons; and, in other industries, 700 tons. Old scrap reclaimed totaled about 500 tons

  1. Department of Energy Releases New 'Billion-Ton' Study Highlighting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy today released a report - 2011 U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry - detailing U.S. biomass feedstock...

  2. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of hafnium metal was insignificant. Import Sources (1997-2000): Zirconium ores and concentrates: South Africa%; Germany, 7%; United Kingdom, 2%; and other, 9%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12 Stockpile, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) held over 500 tons of zirconium in various forms. DOE also

  3. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Import Sources (1995-98): Zirconium ores and concentrates: South Africa, 53%; Australia, 45%; and other Kingdom, 4%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12/31/99 Zirconium ores and concentrates 2615.S. Department of Energy (DOE) held over 500 tons of zirconium in various forms. DOE also maintained a supply

  4. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of hafnium metal was insignificant. Import Sources (1998-2001): Zirconium ores and concentrates: South Africa%; Germany, 8%; United Kingdom, 3%; and other, 9%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12,838 short tons) of zirconium ore (baddeleyite) during fiscal year 2002. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE

  5. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was insignificant. Import Sources (1996-99): Zirconium ores and concentrates: South Africa, 56%; Australia, 41, 4%; and other, 9%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12/31/00 Zirconium ores.S. Department of Energy (DOE) held over 500 tons of zirconium in various forms. DOE also maintained a stockpile

  6. (Data in metric tons1 of gold content, unless noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    combined production accounted for nearly 80% of the U.S. total. The trend for recent U.S. gold exploration68 GOLD (Data in metric tons1 of gold content, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: Gold was recovered as a byproduct of processing base metals, chiefly copper. Twenty-five lode mines yielded

  7. THERMAL MODELING ANALYSIS OF SRS 70 TON CASK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.; Jordan, J.; Hensel, S.

    2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of this work was to perform the thermal calculations to evaluate the Material Test Reactor (MTR) fuel assembly temperatures inside the SRS 70-Ton Cask loaded with various bundle powers. MTR fuel consists of HFBR, MURR, MIT, and NIST. The MURR fuel was used to develop a bounding case since it is the fuel with the highest heat load. The results will be provided for technical input for the SRS 70 Ton Cask Onsite Safety Assessment. The calculation results show that for the SRS 70 ton dry cask with 2750 watts total heat source with a maximum bundle heat of 670 watts and 9 bundles of MURR bounding fuel, the highest fuel assembly temperatures are below about 263 C. Maximum top surface temperature of the plastic cover is about 112 C, much lower than its melting temperature 260 C. For 12 bundles of MURR bounding fuel with 2750 watts total heat and a maximum fuel bundle of 482 watts, the highest fuel assembly temperatures are bounded by the 9 bundle case. The component temperatures of the cask were calculated by a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics approach. The modeling calculations were performed by considering daily-averaged solar heat flux.

  8. 1,153-ton Waste Vault Removed from 300 Area - Vault held waste...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    1,153-ton Waste Vault Removed from 300 Area - Vault held waste tanks with contamination from Hanford's former laboratory facilities 1,153-ton Waste Vault Removed from 300 Area -...

  9. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E E E E E Recycling: New scrap metal recycled by the titanium industry was about 25,000 tons in 1996 industry was 4,700 tons; by the superalloy industry, 730 tons; and in other industries, 510 tons. Old scrap nation (MFN) Non-MFN3 12/31/96 12/31/96 Waste and scrap metal 8108.10.1000 Free Free. Unwrought metal

  10. Yeast Genomic DNA Preparation from Spheroplasts 1. Resuspend with 50 mM Tris, 25 mM EDTA (pH 8) in 10X the spheroplast pellet volume.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aris, John P.

    ) in 10X the spheroplast pellet volume. 2. Immediately add 1/10 volume of 10% SDS. Mix. 3. Incubate 30 up pellets. Wash for at least 5 minutes at 25°C. 11. Centrifuge 10 minutes in SS-34 rotor at 10,000 rpm at 4°C. Discard supernatant. 12. Drain and dry pellets on bench. Dissolve each pellet completely

  11. Progresses in Ab Initio QM/MM Free Energy Simulations of Electrostatic Energies in Proteins: Accelerated QM/MM Studies of pKa, Redox Reactions and Solvation Free Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamerlin, Shina C. L.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an acid in a protein and water respectively, ? G solv w and? G solv p represent the difference in solvation energy ofin protein, (that is, ? G solv w ( AH ) ). Subsequently, 1

  12. KCP relocates 18-ton machine | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNational Nuclear SecurityNationalApply for Our Jobs / HowSecurityrelocates 18-ton

  13. Male specific tyramides from three additional myrmicine genera Rachelle M.M. Adams a,b,*,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Ted

    .715906W), T. septentrionalis in the United States (37.37057N, 78.683217W), and C. faunulus in Suriname

  14. [Km 100 to 1000 mM (17)] and to S. cerevisiae hexose transporters' apparent affinity for glucose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severson, David

    to biofuel-producing strains of yeast (Fig. 3) over- comes a major bottleneck to fermentation of lignocellulosic feedstocks and probably will help to make cellulosic biofuels economically viable. References, Biocatalysis Biotransform. 27, 27 (2009). 17. M. Chauve et al., Biotechnol. Biofuels 3, 3 (2010). 18. K. A

  15. 1004 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 23, No. 13 / July 1, 1998 1.5-mm-band wavelength conversion based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fejer, Martin M.

    telecommunications band based on difference-frequency generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides converters was proposed.3 That architecture, exploiting the unique properties of DFG-based wavelengthGaAs) or limited homogeneous interaction lengths (in LiNbO3). Another critical issue with guided-wave DFG

  16. Development of TQC01, a 90 mm Nb3 Sn Model Quadrupole for LHC Upgrade Based on SS Collar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bossert, R. C.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A ) keys are inserted and hydraulic press load is released,coils and closed in a hydraulic press. Col- laring keys are

  17. through 20-gauge (nominal inner diameter: 0.6 mm) needles into rotating 40 wt.-% PEI (branched; average molecular weight,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weibel, Douglas B.

    . [16] M. Shim, A. Javey, N. W. S. Kam, H. Dai, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 11 512. [17] E. V. Basiuk] T. V. Sreekumar, T. Liu, B. G. Min, H. Guo, S. Kumar, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, Adv. Mater. 2004

  18. Abstract--The paper documents the principle and experiments of the "2mm dash" winner at NIST IEEE Mobile Microrobotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to the need for a specific patterned substrates and high electrical potentials. Other energy conversion potential applications in biomedical diagnosis, targeted drug delivery or microassembly. Many issues and electrokinetic force (e.g. bacteria propelled systems). For the biological approaches, harnessing biological

  19. Direct optoelectronic generation and detection of sub-ps-electrical pulses on sub-mm-coaxial transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Direct optoelectronic generation and detection of sub-ps-electrical pulses on sub efficient direct optoelectronic generation of sub-ps-THz pulses on 50 coaxial transmission lines with a 330 with an optoelectronic antenna having sub-ps-time resolution. We observed low-loss, single transverse electromagnetic

  20. InP-and Graphene-based grating-gated transistors for tunable THz and mm-wave detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peale, Robert E.

    layer. Silvaco Atlas 2-D device simulator (FEM analysis software) was used to determine the free carrier

  1. Acclimation rate and resistance to lethal temperatures of 20-35 mm striped mullet, Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, at various salinities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeiffer, Gerald Patrick

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    more populations. 18 MATERIALS AND METHODS Source of Fish 0 February 28. 1971, app u ' at ly4, 999~lac il c~ea 1 were captured on the west beach of Galveston Island. There were two sites of capture and two methods of capture. Station 1...

  2. Response of METEOSAT water vapour channel (*) M. Roulleau, M.-M. Poc, N. Scott and A. Chedin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    which connects the radiative energy received by the radiometer to the meteoro- logical parameters in the spectral range covered by the radiometer filter, this model determines high resolution transmissionBCm METEOSAT radiometer (water vapour channel) and the numerical parameters associated to each point

  3. A Virtual DSP System for Design Instruction of Power Converters AA.. KKeeyyhhaannii aanndd MM.. NN.. MMaarrwwaallii GGeerraalldd BBaauummggaarrttnneerr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumgartner, Gerald

    as a case study for the development of the testbed. The resonant power converters provide efficient electric `hard' switching power converters, a resonant converter utilizes a controlled series or parallel LC substantially reduce the switching losses occurred in the power transfer process Despite their attractiveness

  4. Wideband mm-wave Compensated 90 Bends for Grounded Coplanar Waveguide and Microstrip Transmission Lines on Flexible LCP Substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    Institute, Toyota Motor Engineering and Manufacturing North America, Ann Arbor, MI 48105 *E-mail: arida

  5. CONTRIBUTION A L'AUGMENTATION DE LA SENSIBILIT DES THERMOPILES Par MM. PIERRE BARCHEWITZ et JEAN TURCK.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    tombant sur la thermopile et dans ce cas, on demande à celle-ci d'avoir un temps de réponse aussi faible- trique, celle-ci s'échauffe, sa température qui était initialement égale à la température To de la rayonnement, par conductibilité calorifique, par convection, par effet Peltier ou effet Joule, il s'établit un

  6. Wyko Optical Profiler This machine investigates variations in topography for surfaces ranging from very smooth to 2mm step

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyko Optical Profiler Purpose This machine investigates variations in topography for surfaces as the interferometric objective moves vertically through sample focus. The vertical position of the optics at peak. · Adjust the tip/tilt to orient the optic head until the rings spread into one large ring (nulling). DO

  7. Reflective Cracking Study: First-level Report on HVS Testing on Section 586RF - 45 mm MB15-GOverlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David; Wu, R; Harvey, John T

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the asphalt concrete layer. Testing was stopped when thetesting being performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the results of the fifth HVS reflective cracking testing

  8. Reflective Cracking Study: First-level Report on HVS Testing on Section 588RF - 90 mm AR4000-DOverlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David; Wu, R; Harvey, John T

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    testing being performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the results of the fourth HVS reflective cracking testingconcrete. It describes the results of the fourth HVS reflective cracking testing

  9. Reflective Cracking Study: First-Level Report on HVS Testing on Section 589RF - 45 mm MB4-G Overlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David; Harvey, John T; Wu, R; Lea, J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the asphalt concrete layer. Testing was stopped when thetesting being performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the results of the second HVS reflective cracking testing

  10. Reflective Cracking Study: First-Level Report on HVS Testing on Section 590RF - 90 mm MB4-G Overlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David; Tsai, Bor-Wen; Harvey, John T

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    testing being performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the results of the first HVS reflective cracking testingconcrete. It describes the results of the first HVS reflective cracking testing

  11. A Dark Matter Search Using the Final CDMS-II Data and 100 mm SuperCDMS Germanium Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    ;© Jianjie Zhang 2014 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED #12;Acknowledgements This thesis would not have been possible into and out of the lab. Sten Hansen provided multiple versions of the DCRC boards. Jeter Hall wrote, and designing and constructing the gamma shield. I also thank everyone else who worked in the lab and made

  12. Elements for the design of precision machine tools and their application to a prototype 450mm Si-wafer grinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothenhöfer, Gerald S. (Gerald Sven)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Next generation precision machines will require ever more rigid elements to achieve the required machining tolerances. The presented work focuses on the application of ultra stiff servo-controllable kinematic couplings and ...

  13. Stratus Cloud Structure from MM-Radar Transects and Satellite Images: Scaling Properties and Artifact Detection with Semi-...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSiteNeutronStrategic Plan The strategicIDrizzle Retrieval

  14. DOE Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of CO2 in Michigan Basin

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Building on an initial injection project of 10,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide into a Michigan geologic formation, a U.S. Department of Energy team of regional partners has begun injecting 50,000 additional tons into the formation, which is believed capable of storing hundreds of years worth of CO2, a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change.

  15. Characterization of Arsenic Contamination on Rust from Ton Containers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary S. Groenewold; Recep Avci; Robert V. Fox; Muhammedin Deliorman; Jayson Suo; Laura Kellerman

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The speciation and spatial distribution of arsenic on rusted steel surfaces affects both measurement and removal approaches. The chemistry of arsenic residing in the rust of ton containers that held the chemical warfare agents bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide (sulfur mustard) and 2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine (Lewisite) is of particular interest, because while the agents have been decontaminated, residual arsenic could pose a health or environmental risk. The chemistry and distribution of arsenic in rust samples was probed using imaging secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Auger electron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX). Arsenic in the +3 and or +5 oxidation state is homogeneously distributed at the very top-most layer of the rust samples, and is intimately associated with iron. Sputter depth profiling followed by SIMS and XPS shows As at a depth of several nm, in some cases in a reduced form. The SEM/EDX experiments show that As is present at a depth of several microns, but is inhomogeneously distributed; most locations contained oxidized As at concentrations of a few percent, however several locations showed very high As in a metallic form. These results indicate that the rust material must be removed if the steel containers are to be cleared of arsenic.

  16. 9,248,559 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of January 16, 2015

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE’s Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is equivalent to the...

  17. 9,981,117 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of April 2, 2015 | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE's Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is...

  18. 9,449,421 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of February 12, 2015...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE's Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is...

  19. Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery Act Funds

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project reached its primary American Recovery and Reinvestment Act milestone ahead of schedule on Wednesday with the disposal of 2 million tons of...

  20. 9,805,742 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of February 27, 2015...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE's Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is...

  1. Planning for the 400,000 tons/year AISI ironmaking demonstration plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aukrust, E. (LTV Steel Corp., Cleveland, OH (United States). AISI Direct Steelmaking Program)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) has formulated a four-year program to design, construct, and operate a 400,000 net ton per year ironmaking demonstration plant. The plant will employ the coal-based ironmaking process developed under a 1989 cooperative agreement with DOE. AISI will manage the design and construction to be completed in the first two years and operate the plant for the second two years with a variety or ores, coals, and fluxes. Campaigns of increasing length are planned to optimize operations. After successful operation, the plant will be taken over by the host company. Results of studies to date indicate that, on a commercial scale, the AISI process will use 27% less energy and have variable operating costs $10 per ton lower and capital costs of $160 per annual ton, compared to the $250 per annual ton rebuild cost for the coke oven-blast furnace process it will replace. The process will enable the domestic steel industry to become more competitive by reducing its capital and operating cost. Furthermore, by eliminating the pollution problems associated with coke production and by completely enclosing the smelting reactions, this process represents a major step towards an environmentally friendly steel industry.

  2. Fertilizer and Nitrogen 1 billion tons of artificial nitrogen fertilizer used annually.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Fertilizer and Nitrogen 1 billion tons of artificial nitrogen fertilizer used annually. Emissions. (fertilizers that use nitric acid or ammonium bicarbonate result in emissions of nitrogen oxides, nitrous oxide, ammonia and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.) ~Indirect: Phosphorus in excess causes eutrophication

  3. 2 million tons per year: A performing biofuels supply chain for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2 million tons per year: A performing biofuels supply chain for EU aviation NOTE It is understood that in the context of this text the term "biofuel(s) use in aviation" categorically implies "sustainably produced biofuel(s)" according to the EU legislation. June 2011 #12;2 This technical paper was drafted

  4. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockpile Center continued to solicit offers for the sale of titanium sponge held in the Government-grade sponge. For fiscal year 2001, 4,540 tons of titanium sponge is being offered for sale. Stockpile Status for disposal FY 2000 FY 2000 Titanium sponge 19,100 3,390 19,100 4,540 4,240 Ev

  5. TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    consumption E E E E E Recycling: New scrap metal recycled by the titanium industry totaled about 29,000 tons and automotive industries led to an increase in global production of TiO2 pigment compared with that in 2009

  6. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2012 increased by 4% to about 1.15 million tons,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %; and copper smelters and refiners, 5%. Copper in all old and new, refined or remelted scrap contributed about48 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2012 increased by 4% to about 1.15 million tons

  7. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2011 increased slightly to about 1.1 million tons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %; and copper smelters and refiners, 5%. Copper in all old and new, refined or remelted scrap contributed about48 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2011 increased slightly to about 1.1 million tons

  8. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2013 increased by 4% to about 1.22 million tons,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    manufacturers, foundries, and chemical plants, 11%; ingot makers,10%; and copper smelters and refiners, 548 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2013 increased by 4% to about 1.22 million tons

  9. U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Downing, Mark [ORNL; Eaton, Laurence M [ORNL; Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL; Langholtz, Matthew H [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL; Stokes, Bryce [Navarro Research & Engineering; Brandt, Craig C [ORNL

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report, Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply (generally referred to as the Billion-Ton Study or 2005 BTS), was an estimate of 'potential' biomass based on numerous assumptions about current and future inventory, production capacity, availability, and technology. The analysis was made to determine if conterminous U.S. agriculture and forestry resources had the capability to produce at least one billion dry tons of sustainable biomass annually to displace 30% or more of the nation's present petroleum consumption. An effort was made to use conservative estimates to assure confidence in having sufficient supply to reach the goal. The potential biomass was projected to be reasonably available around mid-century when large-scale biorefineries are likely to exist. The study emphasized primary sources of forest- and agriculture-derived biomass, such as logging residues, fuel treatment thinnings, crop residues, and perennially grown grasses and trees. These primary sources have the greatest potential to supply large, reliable, and sustainable quantities of biomass. While the primary sources were emphasized, estimates of secondary residue and tertiary waste resources of biomass were also provided. The original Billion-Ton Resource Assessment, published in 2005, was divided into two parts-forest-derived resources and agriculture-derived resources. The forest resources included residues produced during the harvesting of merchantable timber, forest residues, and small-diameter trees that could become available through initiatives to reduce fire hazards and improve forest health; forest residues from land conversion; fuelwood extracted from forests; residues generated at primary forest product processing mills; and urban wood wastes, municipal solid wastes (MSW), and construction and demolition (C&D) debris. For these forest resources, only residues, wastes, and small-diameter trees were considered. The 2005 BTS did not attempt to include any wood that would normally be used for higher-valued products (e.g., pulpwood) that could potentially shift to bioenergy applications. This would have required a separate economic analysis, which was not part of the 2005 BTS. The agriculture resources in the 2005 BTS included grains used for biofuels production; crop residues derived primarily from corn, wheat, and small grains; and animal manures and other residues. The cropland resource analysis also included estimates of perennial energy crops (e.g., herbaceous grasses, such as switchgrass, woody crops like hybrid poplar, as well as willow grown under short rotations and more intensive management than conventional plantation forests). Woody crops were included under cropland resources because it was assumed that they would be grown on a combination of cropland and pasture rather than forestland. In the 2005 BTS, current resource availability was estimated at 278 million dry tons annually from forestlands and slightly more than 194 million dry tons annually from croplands. These annual quantities increase to about 370 million dry tons from forestlands and to nearly 1 billion dry tons from croplands under scenario conditions of high-yield growth and large-scale plantings of perennial grasses and woody tree crops. This high-yield scenario reflects a mid-century timescale ({approx}2040-2050). Under conditions of lower-yield growth, estimated resource potential was projected to be about 320 and 580 million dry tons for forest and cropland biomass, respectively. As noted earlier, the 2005 BTS emphasized the primary resources (agricultural and forestry residues and energy crops) because they represent nearly 80% of the long-term resource potential. Since publication of the BTS in April 2005, there have been some rather dramatic changes in energy markets. In fact, just prior to the actual publication of the BTS, world oil prices started to increase as a result of a burgeoning worldwide demand and concerns about long-term supplies. By the end of the summer, oil pri

  10. Stratus cloud structure from MM-radar transects and satellite images: scaling properties and artifact detection with semi-discrete wavelet analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, A. B. (Anthony B.); Petrov, N. P. (Nikola P.); Clothiaux, E. E. (Eugene E.); Marshak, A. (Alexander)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spatial and/or temporal variabilities of clouds is of paramount importance for at least two in tensely researched sub-problems in global and regional climate modeling: (1) cloud-radiation interaction where correlations can trigger 3D radiative transfer effects; and (2) dynamical cloud modeling where the goal is to realistically reproduce the said correlations. We propose wavelets as a simple yet powerful way of quantifying cloud variability. More precisely, we use 'semi-discrete' wavelet transforms which, at least in the present statistical applications, have advantages over both its continuous and discrete counterparts found in the bulk of the wavelet literature. With the particular choice of normalization we adopt, the scale-dependence of the variance of the wavelet coefficients (i.e,, the wavelet energy spectrum) is always a better discriminator of transition from 'stationary' to 'nonstationary' behavior than conventional methods based on auto-correlation analysis, second-order structure function (a.k.a. the semi-variogram), or Fourier analysis. Indeed, the classic statistics go at best from monotonically scale- or wavenumber-dependent to flat at such a transition; by contrast, the wavelet spectrum changes the sign of its derivative with respect to scale. We apply 1D and 2D semi-discrete wavelet transforms to remote sensing data on cloud structure from two sources: (1) an upward-looking milli-meter cloud radar (MMCR) at DOE's climate observation site in Oklahoma deployed as part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Progrm; and (2) DOE's Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI), a high-resolution space-borne instrument in sunsynchronous orbit that is described in sufficient detail for our present purposes by Weber et al. (1999). For each type of data, we have at least one theoretical prediction - with empirical validation already in existence - for a power-law relation for wavelet statistics with respect to scale. This is what is expected in physical (i.e., finite scaling range) fractal phenomena. In particular, we find long-range correlations in cloud structure coming from the important nonstationary regime. More surprisingly, we also uncover artifacts the data that are traceable either to instrumental noise (in the satellite data) or to smoothing assumptions (in the MMCR data processing). Finally, we discuss the potentially damaging ramifications the smoothing artifact can have on both cloud-radiation and cloud-modeling studies using MMCR data.

  11. A series of M-M' heterometallic coordination polymers: syntheses, structures and surface photoelectric properties (M=Ni/Co, M'=Cd/Zn)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Lei [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China); Niu, Shu-Yun, E-mail: syniu@sohu.co [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China); Jin, Jing; Meng, Qin; Chi, Yu-Xian; Xing, Yong-Heng [School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China); Zhang, Guang-Ning [Institute of Chemistry for Functionalized Materials, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China)

    2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Four new heterometallic polymers, [NiCd(mal){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]n.2nH{sub 2}O 1, [NiZn{sub 2}(Hcit){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]n 2, [CoCd{sub 2}(Hcit){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]n 3, [CoZn{sub 2}(Hcit){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}]n 4 (H{sub 2}mal=malonic acid, H{sub 4}cit=citric acid) were synthesized and characterized. The photoelectric properties of the polymers were discussed by the surface photovoltage spectroscopy (SPS). The structural analyses indicate 1 is a Ni-Cd heterometallic polymer with 3D structure bridged by the mal{sup 2-} group. 2-4 are all heterometallic polymers with 2D structures bridged by the Hcit{sup 3-} group. The results of SPS for the four polymers reveal that there are wide photovoltage response bands in the range of 300-800 nm, which indicates that they all possess photoelectric conversion properties. By the introduction of the other metals, the SPS of heterometallic polymers are broadened obviously than the SPS of monometallic complexes. Moreover, the relationships between SPS and UV-Vis absorption spectra have been discussed. -- Graphical Abstract: Four heterometallic polymers, Ni-Cd, Ni-Zn, Co-Cd, Co-Zn, were synthesized and characterized. The photoelectric properties of heterometallic polymers were discussed by SPS. The introduction of heterometallic ions will broaden the SPS of corresponded monometallic complexes. Display Omitted highlights: > Four new heterometallic coordination polymers were reported. > The surface photoelectric properties of heterometallic polymers were studied by SPS. > They all possess photoelectric conversion properties. > The SPS of heterometallic polymers are broadened than that of monometallic complexes.

  12. 9" La temprature critique de l'ther est gale 197,0 C. La pression critique est gale 27 1 8,mm == :~5alm, )'66. Le volume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    de naphtaline ou de pétroles. Les pétroles ont été obtenus par distillation fractionnée, et l'on peut obtenir avec eux des températures varian t de 2620 à 2770 par fraction de degré. Les températures qui, tout d'abord, avaient été déterminées au moyen d'un thermomètre à air, ont été mesurées à l'aide d

  13. Ice cloud single-scattering property models with the full phase matrix at wavelengths from 0.2 to 100 mm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baum, Bryan A.

    W. Dayton Street, Madison, WI 53706, United States b Texas A&M University, College Station, TX February 2014 Available online 11 March 2014 Keywords: Ice clouds Light scattering Remote sensing Radiative agreement between solar and infrared optical thicknesses. Finally, spectral results are presented

  14. Plasma Physics Challenges of MMPlasma Physics Challenges of MM--toto--THz and High Power MicrowaveTHz and High Power Microwave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solid StateSolid State Microwave Power ElectronicsMicrowave Power Electronics · Both convert kinetic Devices (Avg) Vacuum HPM (Peak) Solid State Lasers (Peak) Solid State Devices (Avg) Power(W) (Single ...BUT ... For f > 100 GHz VEDs frontier 1/f2P High power limit for Solid State 1/f 2 and HPM Frontier

  15. Dusty M&M's Last week I went over to a co-worker's office to ask a favor when I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    &M's. After all, that's one handful in the mouth. Done. Gone. No more worrying about the dust situation praise). Or if you see someone doing something you don't understand, ask questions. The point is people something. So many of us struggle with our challenges because we keep attempting to overcome them

  16. BC-MM-792%20NEPA,%20Replace%20BC%2016%20inch%20B-Spec%20Crude...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    792 Title: Replace BC 16" B-Spec Crude Oil Header Piping Description: Subcontractor shall furnish all labor, tools, materials, equipment, and supervision required to replace the...

  17. A series of layered intergrowth phases grown by molecular beam epitaxy: Sr{sub m}TiO{sub 2+m}(m=1-5)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, P.; Wang, S.; Skowronski, M.; Salvador, P. A.; Snyder, M.; Maksimov, O. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Electro-Optics Center, Pennsylvania State University, Freeport, Pennsylvania 16229 (United States)

    2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Sr{sub m}TiO{sub 2+m} phases having one TiO{sub 2} layer sandwiched between m SrO layers were grown using molecular beam epitaxy. The out-of-plane (in-plane) lattice parameters determined by x-ray diffraction were c(a)=9.14 A (3.78 A), 23.55 A (3.75 A), and 14.60 A (3.75 A) for Sr{sub 3}TiO{sub 5}, Sr{sub 4}TiO{sub 6}, and Sr{sub 5}TiO{sub 7}, respectively. Both lattice parameters change abruptly on going from the m=2 Ruddlesden-Popper phase to m=3 phase, indicating a significant change in the bond lengths (or strain states) on transitioning from the known members to the higher order members of this structural family. Electron microscopy confirmed the artificially layered structures.

  18. Heat treatment and Magnetic Field Procedure A 32mm diameter bore resistive magnet with a 33T maximum field strength at the National High

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    -heating coil set-up has been designed to heat and cool the specimen while inside the bore of the magnetC/s to the annealing temperature. A 3-minute hold at 1000ºC was performed to fully transform the initial microstructure for the field to reach 30T. Specimen cooling was controlled via feedback loop such that by decreasing power

  19. 674 IEEE MICROWAVE AND WIRELESS COMPONENTS LETTERS, VOL. 23, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2013 High-Speed mm-Wave Data-Link Based on Hollow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

    -Giga-bit/s (up to 6 Gbps) and energy-efficient ( 1 pJ/bit/m) data link is formed by using hollow plastic cable GLOBAL Data Centers continue to demand better energy efficiency (in terms of pJ/bit/m) data links markets for high data rates and flexible deployment. However, they are hardly energy-efficient because

  20. Hypertension 442. Yu Z, Xu F, Huse LM, Morisseau C, Draper AJ, Newman JW, Parker C, Graham L, Engler MM, Hammock BD, Zeldin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    Hypertension 442. Yu Z, Xu F, Huse LM, Morisseau C, Draper AJ, Newman JW, Parker C, Graham L in angiotensin II hypertension. Hypertension 39(2 Pt 2):690­694 495. Fornage M, Hinojos CA, Nurowska BW pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hypertension 40(4):485­490 523. Przybyla-Zawislak BD

  1. Evaluation of the reduction of CO2 emissions from a coal-to-liquids utilities plant by incorporating PBMR energy / M.M. Gouws.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gouws, Marizanne Michele

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Due to the constantly growing environmental concerns about global warming, there is immense pressure on the coal-to-liquids (CTL) industry to lower carbon dioxide emissions. This… (more)

  2. The QM/MM Molecular Dynamics and Free Energy Simulations of the Acylation Reaction Catalyzed by the Serine-Carboxyl Peptidase Kumamolisin-As

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , National Cancer Institute at Frederick, Frederick, Maryland 21702, and Department of Biomolecular neurode- generative disease, classical late-infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (14). The three

  3. Carnets de Gologie / Notebooks on Geology -Letter 2004/02 (CG2003_A02_MM_etal) The Gargasian (Middle Aptian) of Cassis-La Bdoule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    exposed in a number of quarries that extended in a NNE-SSW trending belt from the village of Roquefort-la Bédoule to the vicinity of the Cassis railway station (Fig. 1). In the La Bédoule region these quarries and southwesternmost quarry called "La Marcouline" (Fig. 2) allows us to investigate an almost continuous section

  4. 23.2 A Modular 1mm3 Die-Stacked Sensing Platform With Optical Communication and Multi-Modal Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta, Prabal

    -programming or re-synchronizing once encapsulated. Other practical issues remain unaddressed, such as a means (Layer 4). Solar cells for energy harvesting and a low-power imager are placed in the top layer (Layer 1

  5. 1.1 0.2 were bound to the column and were eluted by 30 mM and 1 M HCI, respec-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    infusion on postabsorp- tive glycemia in non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). V Rigalleau previously reported a hyper- glycemic effect of a lipid infusion in the postabsorptive state in NIDD patients patients. Fifteen received a 180 min lipid infusion (')veiip20%'; 0.0155 mUkg/min) and 15 received saline

  6. BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION -PLAN OF STUDY CATALOG YEAR: 2014-2015 Name________________________________________ PeopleSoft ID#____________________ Anticipated Date of Completion (MM/YY)_________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Page 1 BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION - PLAN OF STUDY CATALOG YEAR: 2014-2015 Name-approved Business elective BADM 4075W MKTG 3101 MGMT 4902 Advisor-approved Business elective MGMT 3101 OPIM 3104 Extended core requirement Advisor-approved Business elective OPIM 3103 Extended core requirement Extended

  7. BUSINESS DATA ANALYTICS -PLAN OF STUDY CATALOG YEAR: 2014-2015 Name__________________________________________ PeopleSoft ID#________________ Anticipated Date of Completion (MM/YY) _________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Page 1 BUSINESS DATA ANALYTICS - PLAN OF STUDY CATALOG YEAR: 2014-2015 Name OPIM 3104 3000/4000 level Business elective 3000/4000 level Business elective FNCE 3101 OPIM 3505 3000/4000 level Business elective MGMT 4902 OPIM 3103 BADM 4075W BADM 4072 1 ACCT 2101: Recommended to take

  8. 12th IFToMM World Congress, Besanon (France), June18-21, 2007 CK-xxx Design of an Exoskeleton Mechanism for the Shoulder Joint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadopoulos, Evangelos

    of these mechanisms, the glenohumeral joint is modeled as a 3- DOF ball and socket joint and therefore, it does Exoskeleton developed for the U.S. Air Force [2], and wheel-chair mounted exoskeletons, such as the Motorized Upper Limb Orthotic System (MULOS), [3]. The basic characteristic of the later

  9. J.A. Leenheer & M.M. Reddy, Annals of Environmental Science / 2008, Vol 2, 11-25 www.aes.northeastern.edu, ISSN 1939-2621 11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , including the Green River Formation oil shale, which is well known as one the world's largest potential

  10. Reflective Cracking Study: First-level Report on HVS Testing on Section 591RF - 45 mm MAC15TR-GOverlay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, David; Wu, R.; Harvey, John T

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the asphalt concrete layer. Testing was stopped when thetesting being performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the results of the sixth HVS reflective cracking testing

  11. Measurement of Boundary-Layer Temperature Profiles by a Scanning 5-MM Radiometer During the 1999 Winter NSA/AAO Radiometer Exp

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping the Nanoscale LandscapeImportsBG4, 2012 1:00core1

  12. Frequency synthesis using concurrency: Reaching a solution to a few classical and hard headed RF and mm-wave integrated circuit problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jooyaie, Alborz

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a`mongst one’s personal devices and perhaps those of othersvarious mobile devices, from cell-phones to TV, to personal

  13. A Specification Logic for Termination Reasoning Ton-Chanh Le, Cristian Gherghina, Aquinas Hobor, and Wei-Ngan Chin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobor, Aquinas

    A Specification Logic for Termination Reasoning Ton-Chanh Le, Cristian Gherghina, Aquinas Hobor a logical framework for specifying and proving asser- tions about program termination. Although termination. Here we propose to integrate termination requirements directly into our specification logic

  14. The Scale of the Energy Challenge 22,000 gallons of fuel oil 150 tons of coal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochberg, Michael

    and rooftops in the United States. The total land area required by nuclear power plants is small! Ã? 20 15The Scale of the Energy Challenge Biomass Wind Nuclear Solar 22,000 gallons of fuel oil 150 tons

  15. Cracked lifting lug welds on ten-ton UF{sub 6} cylinders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorning, R.E. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Piketon, OH (United States)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Ten-ton, Type 48X, UF{sub 6} cylinders are used at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant to withdraw enriched uranium hexafluoride from the cascade, transfer enriched uranium hexafluoride to customer cylinders, and feed enriched product to the cascade. To accomplish these activities, the cylinders are lifted by cranes and straddle carriers which engage the cylinder lifting lugs. In August of 1988, weld cracks on two lifting lugs were discovered during preparation to lift a cylinder. The cylinder was rejected and tagged out, and an investigating committee formed to determine the cause of cracking and recommend remedial actions. Further investigation revealed the problem may be general to this class of cylinder in this use cycle. This paper discusses the actions taken at the Portsmouth site to deal with the cracked lifting lug weld problem. The actions include inspection activities, interim corrective actions, metallurgical evaluation of cracked welds, weld repairs, and current monitoring/inspection program.

  16. Els UK SOI Ch04-N52975 Trim:165MM240MM 5-9-2007 9:30p.m. Page:117 Float:Top/Bot TS: Integra, India Fonts: Times & Copperplate 32BC 10/12pt Margins:Top:4pc Gutter:5pc T.Area:29pcx43p9 open recto 1 Color 44 Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieth, J. Heinrich

    to supplying nutrients, especially where the substrate is not capable of holding (bonding) nutrient ions (i move by either diffusion or bulk (mass) flow. Diffusion is the process whereby an element moves due the material is dissolved carries the element to another location. Diffusion is a relatively slow process so

  17. Proposal to Increase the Amount of the Contract about to be Awarded for the Supply of 12 Tons of Heavy Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proposal to Increase the Amount of the Contract about to be Awarded for the Supply of 12 Tons of Heavy Water

  18. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2009 declined by about 9% to 1.2 million tons and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    makers, 11%; and copper smelters and refiners, 6%. Copper in all old and new, refined or remelted scrap48 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic--Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Nevada, and Montana--accounted for more than 99% of domestic production; copper also

  19. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2002 declined to 1.13 million metric tons and was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - and nickel-base scrap), brass mills recovered 70%; copper smelters and refiners, 8%; ingot makers, 1156 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic, accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in three other States. Although

  20. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2008 increased by about 12% to 1.3 million tons and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    plants, 14%; ingot makers, 9%; and copper smelters and refiners, 5%. Copper in all old and new, refined50 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic--Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Nevada, and Montana--accounted for more than 99% of domestic production; copper also

  1. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2000 declined to 1.45 million metric tons and was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    scrap, brass mills recovered 67%; copper smelters and refiners,18%; ingot makers, 11%; and miscellaneous52 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic, and Montana, accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in three other

  2. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2004 rose to 1.16 million tons and was valued at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    scrap (including aluminum- and nickel-base scrap), brass mills recovered 71%; copper smelters54 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in four other States. Although copper was recovered

  3. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2001 declined to 1.34 million metric tons and was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    scrap (including aluminum- and nickel-base scrap), brass mills recovered 65%; copper smelters54 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic, accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in three other States. Although

  4. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2007 declined nominally to 1.19 million tons, but its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    plants, 11%; ingot makers, 9%; and copper smelters and refiners, 5%. Copper in all old and new, refined54 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic--Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Nevada, and Montana--accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also

  5. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2006 rose to more than 1.2 million tons and was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    manufacturers, foundries, and chemical plants, 12%; ingot makers, 10%; and copper smelters and refiners, 452 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Mexico, Nevada, and Montana--accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines

  6. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 1999 declined to 1.66 million metric tons and was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mills. Of the total copper recovered from scrap, brass mills recovered 67%; copper smelters and refiners56 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic, Nevada, and Montana, accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines

  7. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2003 declined to 1.12 million tons and was valued at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - and nickel-base scrap), brass mills recovered 70%; copper smelters and refiners, 6%; ingot makers, 1254 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in three other States. Although copper

  8. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 1998 declined to 1.85 million metric tons and was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , copper smelters and refiners recovered 23%; ingot makers, 10%; brass mills, 63%; and miscellaneous56 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic, Nevada, and Montana, accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines

  9. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2005 fell nominally to 1.15 million tons and was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (including aluminum- and nickel-base scrap), brass mills recovered 73%; copper smelters and refiners, 556 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Mexico, Nevada, and Montana, accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines

  10. TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and pigment industries. Global production of titanium mineral concentrates was expected to increase during half of 2015. In Western Australia, the heavy-mineral resource, data for at the Keysbrook project were172 TITANIUM MINERAL CONCENTRATES1 (Data in thousand metric tons of contained TiO2 unless otherwise

  11. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons of zirconium oxide (ZrO ) equivalent, unless otherwise noted)2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and concentrates: Australia, 51%; South Africa, 48%; and other, 1%. Zirconium, wrought, unwrought, waste and scrap: France, 69%; Australia, 21%; Germany, 8%; and United Kingdom, 2%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) held over 500 tons of zirconium in various forms. DOE also

  12. 26The Frequency of Large Meteor Impacts On February 14, 2013 a 10,000 ton meteor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    over the town of Chelyabinsk and the explosion caused major damage to the town injuring 1,000 people `discovered' for many decades afterwards, the Chelyabinsk Meteor was extensively videoed by hundreds explodes with an energy of 4.2x109 Joules. How many tons of TNT did the Chelyabinsk Meteor yield

  13. Methane Production: In the United States cattle emit about 5.5 million metric tons of methane per year into the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Methane Production: In the United States cattle emit about 5.5 million metric tons of methane per year into the atmosphere. o Accounts for 20% of methane emissions from human sources. Globally cattle produce about 80 million metric tons of methane annually. o Accounts for 28% of global methane emissions

  14. (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The United States was the largest producer and consumer of lithium minerals and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,000 tons of the material from the Department of Energy's stockpile, while the remaining 10,000 tons,700 1,800 150,000 160,000e Bolivia -- -- -- 5,400,00 Brazil 32 32 910 NA Canada 660 660 180,000 360

  15. High temperature experiments on a 4 tons UF6 container TENERIFE program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casselman, C.; Duret, B.; Seiler, J.M.; Ringot, C.; Warniez, P.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents an experimental program (called TENERIFE) whose aim is to investigate the behaviour of a cylinder containing UF{sub 6} when exposed to a high temperature fire for model validation. Taking into account the experiments performed in the past, the modelization needs further information in order to be able to predict the behaviour of a real size cylinder when engulfed in a 800{degrees}C fire, as specified in the regulation. The main unknowns are related to (1) the UF{sub 6} behaviour beyond the critical point, (2) the relationship between temperature field and internal pressure and (3) the equivalent conductivity of the solid UF{sub 6}. In order to investigate these phenomena in a representative way it is foreseen to perform experiments with a cylinder of real diameter, but reduced length, containing 4 tons of UF{sub 6}. This cylinder will be placed in an electrically heated furnace. A confinement vessel prevents any dispersion of UF{sub 6}. The heat flux delivered by the furnace will be calibrated by specific tests. The cylinder will be changed for each test.

  16. 1000–ton testing machine for cyclic fatigue tests of materials at liquid nitrogen temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khitruk, A. A.; Klimchenko, Yu. A.; Kovalchuk, O. A.; Marushin, E. L.; Mednikov, A. A.; Nasluzov, S. N.; Privalova, E. K.; Rodin, I. Yu.; Stepanov, D. B.; Sukhanova, M. V. [The D.V. Efremov Scientific Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus (NIIEFA), 3 Doroga na Metallostroy, Metallostroy, Saint Petersburg 196641 (Russian Federation)

    2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the main tasks of superconductive magnets R and D is to determine the mechanical and fatigue properties of structural materials and the critical design elements in the cryogenic temperature range. This paper describes a new facility built based on the industrial 1000-ton (10 MN) testing machine Schenk PC10.0S. Special equipment was developed to provide the mechanical and cyclic tensile fatigue tests of large-scale samples at the liquid nitrogen temperature and in a given load range. The main feature of the developed testing machine is the cryostat, in which the device converting a standard compression force of the testing machine to the tensile force affected at the test object is placed. The control system provides the remote control of the test and obtaining, processing and presentation of test data. As an example of the testing machine operation the test program and test results of the cyclic tensile fatigue tests of fullscale helium inlet sample of the PF1 coil ITER are presented.

  17. Methodology for Estimating ton-Miles of Goods Movements for U.S. Freight Mulitimodal Network System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira Neto, Francisco Moraes [ORNL] [ORNL; Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL] [ORNL; Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ton-miles is a commonly used measure of freight transportation output. Estimation of ton-miles in the U.S. transportation system requires freight flow data at disaggregated level (either by link flow, path flows or origin-destination flows between small geographic areas). However, the sheer magnitude of the freight data system as well as industrial confidentiality concerns in Census survey, limit the freight data which is made available to the public. Through the years, the Center for Transportation Analysis (CTA) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been working in the development of comprehensive national and regional freight databases and network flow models. One of the main products of this effort is the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF), a public database released by the ORNL. FAF provides to the general public a multidimensional matrix of freight flows (weight and dollar value) on the U.S. transportation system between states, major metropolitan areas, and remainder of states. Recently, the CTA research team has developed a methodology to estimate ton-miles by mode of transportation between the 2007 FAF regions. This paper describes the data disaggregation methodology. The method relies on the estimation of disaggregation factors that are related to measures of production, attractiveness and average shipments distances by mode service. Production and attractiveness of counties are captured by the total employment payroll. Likely mileages for shipments between counties are calculated by using a geographic database, i.e. the CTA multimodal network system. Results of validation experiments demonstrate the validity of the method. Moreover, 2007 FAF ton-miles estimates are consistent with the major freight data programs for rail and water movements.

  18. A FLUKA Study of $\\beta$-delayed Neutron Emission for the Ton-size DarkSide Dark Matter Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Empl, Anton

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the published cosmogenic background study for a ton-sized DarkSide dark matter search, only prompt neutron backgrounds coincident with cosmogenic muons or muon induced showers were considered, although observation of the initiating particle(s) was not required. The present paper now reports an initial investigation of the magnitude of cosmogenic background from $\\beta$-delayed neutron emission produced by cosmogenic activity in DarkSide. The study finds a background rate for $\\beta$-delayed neutrons in the fiducial volume of the detector on the order of < 0.1 event/year. However, detailed studies are required to obtain more precise estimates. The result should be compared to a radiogenic background event rate from the PMTs inside the DarkSide liquid scintillator veto of 0.2 events/year.

  19. Taking out 1 billion tons of CO2: The magic of China's 11th Five-Year Plan?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Lin, Jiang; Zhou, Nan; Levine, Mark; Fridley, David

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China's 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) sets an ambitious target for energy-efficiency improvement: energy intensity of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) should be reduced by 20% from 2005 to 2010 (NDRC, 2006). This is the first time that a quantitative and binding target has been set for energy efficiency, and signals a major shift in China's strategic thinking about its long-term economic and energy development. The 20% energy intensity target also translates into an annual reduction of over 1.5 billion tons of CO2 by 2010, making the Chinese effort one of most significant carbon mitigation effort in the world today. While it is still too early to tell whether China will achieve this target, this paper attempts to understand the trend in energy intensity in China and to explore a variety of options toward meeting the 20% target using a detailed end-use energy model.

  20. Methods and results for stress analyses on 14-ton, thin-wall depleted UF{sub 6} cylinders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkpatrick, J.R.; Chung, C.K.; Frazier, J.L.; Kelley, D.K.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uranium enrichment operations at the three US gaseous diffusion plants produce depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) as a residential product. At the present time, the inventory of DUF{sub 6} in this country is more than half a million tons. The inventory of DUF{sub 6} is contained in metal storage cylinders, most of which are located at the gaseous diffusion plants. The principal objective of the project is to ensure the integrity of the cylinders to prevent causing an environmental hazard by releasing the contents of the cylinders into the atmosphere. Another objective is to maintain the cylinders in such a manner that the DUF{sub 6} may eventually be converted to a less hazardous material for final disposition. An important task in the DUF{sub 6} cylinders management project is determining how much corrosion of the walls can be tolerated before the cylinders are in danger of being damaged during routine handling and shipping operations. Another task is determining how to handle cylinders that have already been damaged in a manner that will minimize the chance that a breach will occur or that the size of an existing breach will be significantly increased. A number of finite element stress analysis (FESA) calculations have been done to analyze the stresses for three conditions: (1) while the cylinder is being lifted, (2) when a cylinder is resting on two cylinders under it in the customary two-tier stacking array, and (3) when a cylinder is resting on tis chocks on the ground. Various documents describe some of the results and discuss some of the methods whereby they have been obtained. The objective of the present report is to document as many of the FESA cases done at Oak Ridge for 14-ton thin-wall cylinders as possible, giving results and a description of the calculations in some detail.

  1. Ecosystem Services and Trade-Offs Mediated by Urban Water Bodies for Homeless Popula@ons in Phoenix Wolf, A.1,2, M.M. Palta,2 N.B. Grimm,2 J. Gwiszcz,3 O. Schwake,4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Ecosystem Services and Trade-Offs Mediated by Urban Water Bodies for Homeless · Urban runoff entering stormwater ouPalls in Phoenix have created "accidental" wetlands in the otherwise dry Salt River bed · Urban wetland environments

  2. BB UU LL GG AA RR II AA NN AA CC AA DD EE MM YY OO FF SS CC II EE NN CC EE SS IINNSSTTIITTUUTTEE OOFF IINNFFOORRMMAATTIIOONN AANNDD CCOOMMMMUUNNIICCAATTIIOONN TTEECCHHNNOOLLOOGGIIEESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustakerov, Ivan

    Library (ITIL) ­ essence development, open problems Abstract: This article aims to give an overview over the ITIL framework objective. It is going to explain the rapidly growing IT business needs which had caused the development of this library. We are also going to follow the ITIL evolution history and find the circumstances

  3. There are two ways of fixing parasites for IF or FISH. Either the cells are settled onto non-silanized coverslips (Fisher 12mm, #15) and then fixed (faster but harsher), or the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross, George

    . Washings (24-well plate) 1. Defrost PBG and store it on ice. Pre-heat formamide / 2xSSC to 37°C (formamide. Rinse briefly in pre-heated 2x SSC (50°C) 9. The probe/hyb mix should be denatured by now. Spot (50 µ as for hybridization) 4. Repeat wash, using vacuum pump to aspirate washing solution 5. Wash at RT as follows: 6. 2 x 5

  4. 2/1/2014 Micro Windmill-Powered Chargers -This 1.88MM Wide Windmill Can Recharge Your Smartphone Battery(VIDEO) http://www.trendhunter.com/trends/windmill-powered 1/7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    Trends Cost Of Solar Panels www.homeadvisor.com Enter Your Zip Code & Connect. Pre-Screened Contractors Battery(VIDEO) http://www.trendhunter.com/trends/windmill-powered 1/7 Select Category TECH Wholesale Solar Panels www.solarhome.org 290W Trina Panels - from $0.69/watt In Pallet or Container Quantity Published

  5. Ertek, G., Tun, M.M., Kurtaraner, E., Kebude, D., 2012, 'Insights into the Efficiencies of On-Shore Wind Turbines: A Data-Centric Analysis', INISTA 2012 Conference. July 2-4, 2012, Trabzon,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    -Shore Wind Turbines: A Data-Centric Analysis', INISTA 2012 Conference. July 2-4, 2012, Trabzon, Turkey://research.sabanciuniv.edu. Insights into the Efficiencies of On-Shore Wind Turbines: A Data-Centric Analysis Gürdal Ertek, Murat University Istanbul, Turkey Abstract--Literature on renewable energy alternative of wind turbines does

  6. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 12 March 2012 BIDS AWARDED CIVIL WORKS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS@ska.ac.za / mabela@ska.ac.za 1st Floor 17 Baker Street Rosebank Johannesburg South Africa 2196 Tel: +27 (0) 11 442

  7. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 05 July 2012 BIDS AWARDED PROCUREMENT OF VEHICLES FOR THE OPERATION@ska.ac.za 1st Floor 17 Baker Street Rosebank Johannesburg South Africa 2196 Tel: +27 (0) 11 442 2434 Fax: +27

  8. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 04 July 2012 BIDS AWARDED KAT 7 AND MEERKAT BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, 2 March 2012 at 11:00 Name of the Successful Bidders: Schneider- Electric South Africa Ceiling Price: tcheetham@ska.ac.za / mabela@ska.ac.za 1st Floor 17 Baker Street Rosebank Johannesburg South Africa 2196 Tel

  9. SS OO UU TT HH AA FF RR II CC AA SS QQ UU AA RR EE KK II LL OO MM EE TT RR EE AA RR RR AA YY SKA South Africa Project Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa Project Office 1st Floor The Park 17 Baker Street 3rd Floor Rosebank Park Rd Johannesburg Pinelands South Africa South Africa 2196 7405 Tel: +27 (0) 11 442 2434 +27 (0)21 506 7300 Fax: +27 (0) 11

  10. 1.Bisi, M.M., Fallows, R.A., Breen, A.R., O'Neill, I.J. Interplanetary Scintillation Observations of Stream Interaction Regions in the Solar Wind. Solar Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    Observations of Stream Interaction Regions in the Solar Wind. Solar Physics 261, 149-172 (2010). 2.Eastwood, J Journal 708, L95-L99 (2010). 3.Gosain, S., Schmieder, B. Estimation of width and inclination of a filament Physics online 6 (2010). 7.Lavraud, B., and 22 colleagues Statistics of counter-streaming solar wind

  11. Example Operating, Design and Installation factors give a maximuExample Operating, Design and Installation factors give a maximu mm deviation of 30% and a minimum of 0%deviation of 30% and a minimum of 0%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Colin S. "Chip"

    Support for research at Kurata Thermodynamic Laboratory by Occidental Oil and Gas Foundation is gratefully Vessels · Tanks ChemCAD METHODOLOGY · Literature-based · Modular approach · Adjustments for type, material

  12. (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only commercially active lithium mine in the United States was a brine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    94 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only commercially active lithium mine in the United States was a brine operation in Nevada. The mine's production capacity was expanded in 2012, and a new lithium hydroxide plant opened in North

  13. (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    100 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China, Russia, and the United States were large producers also. Australia, Canada, and Zimbabwe were major producers of lithium

  14. (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    98 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China, Russia, and the United States were large producers also. Australia, Canada, and Zimbabwe were major producers of lithium

  15. (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    96 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China, Russia, and the United States were large producers also. Australia, Canada, and Zimbabwe were major producers of lithium

  16. (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only commercially active lithium mine operating in the United States was a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    94 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only commercially active lithium mine operating in the United States was a brine operation in Nevada. Two companies produced a large array of downstream lithium compounds in the United States from

  17. (Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2009, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    44 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2009, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies operated approximately 830% drilling mud, 17% foundry sand bond, 14% iron ore pelletizing, and 20% other uses; common clay--57% brick

  18. (Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2008, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    46 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2008, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 190 companies operated approximately 830% drilling mud, 17% foundry sand bond, 14% iron ore pelletizing, and 20% other uses; common clay--57% brick

  19. (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world, followed by China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , but growing through the recycling of lithium batteries. Import Sources (1994-97): Chile, 96%; and other, 4 lithium salts from battery recycling and lithium hydroxide monohydrate from former Department of Energy102 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production

  20. (Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2013, 5 companies operated 10 primary aluminum smelters; 3 smelters were

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Use: In 2013, 5 companies operated 10 primary aluminum smelters; 3 smelters were closed temporarily, and Issues: In February 2013, the owner of the 270,000-ton-per-year Hannibal, OH, smelter filed for chapter in October. In June, the Sebree, KY, smelter was sold as part of a corporate restructuring. Expansion

  1. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Limited shipments of tungsten concentrates were made from a California mine in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 43%; Germany, 11%; Canada,630 1,450 Events, Trends, and Issues: World tungsten supply was dominated by Chinese production

  2. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: A tungsten mine in California produced concentrates in 2012. Approximately eight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 45,200 3,630 1,610 Events, Trends, and Issues: World tungsten supply was dominated by Chinese production

  3. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: One mine in California produced tungsten concentrates in 2010. Approximately

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Import Sources (2006­09): Tungsten contained in ores and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, Trends, and Issues: World tungsten supply is dominated by Chinese production and exports. China

  4. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: A mine in California produced tungsten concentrates in 2009. Approximately eight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production. Import Sources (2005-08): Tungsten contained in ores and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, and Issues: World tungsten supply was dominated by Chinese production and exports. China's Government limited

  5. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: A tungsten mine in California produced concentrates in 2013. Approximately eight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    174 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, wrought and unwrought tungsten, and waste and scrap: China, 45,100 2,300 2,240 Events, Trends, and Issues: World tungsten supply was dominated by Chinese production

  6. (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: One mine in California produced tungsten concentrates in 2011. Approximately

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TUNGSTEN (Data in metric tons of tungsten content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production (2007­10): Tungsten contained in ores and concentrates, intermediate and primary products, wrought: World tungsten supply is dominated by Chinese production and exports. China's Government regulates its

  7. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production, which had remained unchanged in 1995, resumed the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    recovered from scrap, copper smelters and refiners recovered 26%; ingot makers, 10%; brass mills, 5752 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in six other States. While copper was recovered

  8. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 1995 continued its upward trend, begun in 1984, rising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in new scrap was consumed at brass mills. Of the total copper recovered from scrap, copper smelters50 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless noted) Domestic Production, Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Montana, and Michigan, accounted for 97% of domestic production; copper

  9. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production of copper in 2010 declined by about 5% to 1.12 million

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    plants, 14%; ingot makers, 11%; and copper smelters and refiners, 5%. Copper in all old and new, refined48 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production of copper in 2010 declined by about 5% to 1.12 million tons

  10. Chemical reactions of UF{sub 6} with water on ingress to damaged model 48X 10 ton cylinder

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rothman, A.B.

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemistry studies of the effects of water flooding in Model 48X 10-ton UF{sub 6} storage cylinders, as a result of impact fractures, were conducted to support the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) review of the Paducah Tiger Overpack for transportation of those cylinders. The objectives of the study were to determine the maximum amount of water that could be admitted to the interior of such a damaged cylinder, the resulting geometries and chemical compositions from reactions of water with the UF{sub 6} contents of the cylinder, and the end-state water moderated and reflected configurations for input to nuclear criticality safety analyses. The case identified for analysis was the flooding of the inside of a cylinder, submerged horizontally in 3 ft of water. The flooding was driven by an initial pressure drop of 13 psig, through an assumed fracture (1/32 in. wide {times} 1/2 in. deep {times} 18 in. long) in the barrel of the cylinder. During the initial addition of water, transient back pressures occur from the effects of the heats of reaction and solution at the water/UF{sub 6} interface, with some chugging as more water is added to alternately coot the reaction surface and then heat it again as the added water reacts with more UF{sub 6}.

  11. Review of corrosion in 10- and 14-ton mild steel depleted UF{sub 6} storage cylinders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lykins, M.L.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A literature review was conducted to determine the type, extent and severity of corrosion found in the 10- and 14-ton mild steel depleted UF{sub 6} storage cylinders. Also discussed in this review is corrosion found in the valves and plugs used in the cylinders. Corrosion of the cylinders is a gradual process which occurs slowly over time. Understanding corrosion of the cylinders is an important concern for long term storage of the UF{sub 6} in the cylinder yards, as well as the final disposition of the depleted UF{sub 6} tails inventory in the future. The following conclusions are made from the literature review: (1) The general external corrosion rate of the cylinders is about 1 to 2 mils per year (1 mil = 0.001{double_prime}). The highest general external corrosion rate was over 5 mpy on the 48G type cylinders. (2) General internal corrosion from the depleted UF{sub 6} is negligible under normal storage conditions. Crevice corrosion can occur at the cylinder/saddle interface from the retention of water in this area. Crevice corrosion can occur at the cylinder/skirt interface on the older skirted cylinders due to the lack of water drainage in this area. Crevice corrosion can occur on cylinders that have been in ground contact. Crevice corrosion and galvanic corrosion can occur where the stainless steel I.D. nameplates are attached to the cylinder. The packing nuts on the bronze one-inch valves used in the cylinders are susceptible to stress corrosion cracking (SCC). Mechanical damage from routine handling can lead to a breach in a cylinder with subsequent accelerated corrosion of the mild steel due to attack from HF and other UF{sub 6} hydrolysis by-products.

  12. Alaska has 4. 0 trillion tons of low-sulfur coal: Is there a future for this resource

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stricker, G.D. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The demand for and use of low-sulfur coal may increase because of concern with acid rain. Alaska's low-sulfur coal resources can only be described as enormous: 4.0 trillion tons of hypothetical onshore coal. Mean total sulfur content is 0.34% (range 0.06-6.6%, n = 262) with a mean apparent rank of subbituminous B. There are 50 coal fields in Alaska; the bulk of the resources are in six major fields or regions: Nenana, Cook Inlet, Matanuska, Chignik-Herendeen Bay, North Slope, and Bering River. For comparison, Carboniferous coals in the Appalachian region and Interior Province have a mean total sulfur content of 2.3% (range 0.1-19.0%, n = 5,497) with a mean apparent rank of high-volatile A bituminous coal, and Rocky Mountain and northern Great Plains Cretaceous and Tertiary coals have a mean total sulfur content of 0.86% (range 0.02-19.0%, n = 2,754) with a mean apparent rank of subbituminous B. Alaskan coal has two-fifths the total sulfur of western US coals and one-sixth that of Carboniferous US coals. Even though Alaska has large resources of low-sulfur coal, these resources have not been developed because of (1) remote locations and little infrastructure, (2) inhospitable climate, and (3) long distances to potential markets. These resources will not be used in the near future unless there are some major, and probably violent, changes in the world energy picture.

  13. XAX: a multi-ton, multi-target detection system for dark matter, double beta decay and pp solar neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Arisaka; H. Wang; P. F. Smith; D. Cline; A. Teymourian; E. Brown; W. Ooi; D. Aharoni; C. W. Lam; K. Lung; S. Davies; M. Price

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-target detection system XAX, comprising concentric 10 ton targets of 136Xe and 129/131Xe, together with a geometrically similar or larger target of liquid Ar, is described. Each is configured as a two-phase scintillation/ionization TPC detector, enhanced by a full 4pi array of ultra-low radioactivity Quartz Photon Intensifying Detectors (QUPIDs) replacing the conventional photomultipliers for detection of scintillation light. It is shown that background levels in XAX can be reduced to the level required for dark matter particle (WIMP) mass measurement at a 10^-10 pb WIMP-nucleon cross section, with single-event sensitivity below 10^-11 pb. The use of multiple target elements allows for confirmation of the A^2 dependence of a coherent cross section, and the different Xe isotopes provide information on the spin-dependence of the dark matter interaction. The event rates observed by Xe and Ar would modulate annually with opposite phases from each other for WIMP mass >~100 GeV/c^2. The large target mass of 136Xe and high degree of background reduction allow neutrinoless double beta decay to be observed with lifetimes of 10^27-10^28 years, corresponding to the Majorana neutrino mass range 0.01-0.1 eV, the most likely range from observed neutrino mass differences. The use of a 136Xe-depleted 129/131Xe target will also allow measurement of the pp solar neutrino spectrum to a precision of 1-2%.

  14. Demonstration and evaluation of the 20-ton-capacity load-cell-based weighing system, Eldorado Resources, Ltd. , Port Hope, Ontario, September 3-4, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooley, J.N.; Huxford, T.J.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On September 3 and 4, 1986, the prototype 20-ton-capacity load-cell-based weighing system (LCBWS) developed by the US Enrichment Safeguards Program (ESP) at Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., was field tested at the Eldorado Resources, Ltd., (ERL) facility in Port Hope, Ontario. The 20-ton-capacity LCBWS has been designed and fabricated for use by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for verifying the masses of large-capacity UF/sub 6/ cylinders during IAEA safeguards inspections at UF/sub 6/ handling facilities. The purpose of the Canadian field test was to demonstrate and to evaluate with IAEA inspectorates and with UF/sub 6/ bulk handling facility operators at Eldorado the principles, procedures, and hardware associated with using the 20-ton-capacity LCBWS as a portable means for verifying the masses of 10- and 14-ton UF/sub 6/ cylinders. Session participants included representatives from the IAEA, Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Eldorado Resources, Ltd., the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB), and the International Safeguards Project Office (ISPO) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). Appendix A presents the list of participants and their organization affiliation. The two-day field test involved a formal briefing by ESP staff, two cylinder weighing sessions, IAEA critiques of the LCBWS hardware and software, and concluding discussions on the field performance of the system. Appendix B cites the meeting agenda. Summarized in this report are (1) the technical information presented by the system developers, (2) results from the weighing sessions, and (3) observations, suggestions, and concluding statements from meeting participants.

  15. (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and 32% other uses; bentonite--26% foundry sand bond, 23% pet waste absorbent, 20% drilling mud, 16% iron,710 Total3 43,000 43,100 41,800 41,600 42,200 Imports for consumption 35 45 64 86 97 Exports 4,680 4,830 5,080 5,230 4,700 Consumption, apparent 38,500 38,300 36,800 36,500 37,600 Price, average, dollars per ton

  16. (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    % foundry sand bond, 23% drilling mud, 17% pet waste absorbent, 15% iron ore pelletizing, and 9% other uses,100 43,100 42,000 43,0003 Imports for consumption 36 35 45 64 75 Exports 4,620 4,680 4,830 5,080 5,100 Consumption, apparent 37,600 38,500 38,300 37,000 38,000 Price, average, dollars per ton: Ball clay 43 46 44

  17. (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2003, clay and shale production was reported in all States except Alaska,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; bentonite-- 25% pet waste absorbent, 21% drilling mud, 21% foundry sand bond, 15% iron ore pelletizing,300 Imports for consumption: Artificially activated clay and earth 17 18 21 27 20 Kaolin 57 63 114 158 275,980 Consumption, apparent 37,500 35,600 34,800 34,600 34,600 Price, average, dollars per ton: Ball clay 40 42 42

  18. Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasability of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.

    2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are both strongly committed to expanding the role of biomass as an energy source. In particular, they support biomass fuels and products as a way to reduce the need for oil and gas imports; to support the growth of agriculture, forestry, and rural economies; and to foster major new domestic industries--biorefineries--making a variety of fuels, chemicals, and other products. As part of this effort, the Biomass R&D Technical Advisory Committee, a panel established by the Congress to guide the future direction of federally funded biomass R&D, envisioned a 30 percent replacement of the current U.S. petroleum consumption with biofuels by 2030. Biomass--all plant and plant-derived materials including animal manure, not just starch, sugar, oil crops already used for food and energy--has great potential to provide renewable energy for America's future. Biomass recently surpassed hydropower as the largest domestic source of renewable energy and currently provides over 3 percent of the total energy consumption in the United States. In addition to the many benefits common to renewable energy, biomass is particularly attractive because it is the only current renewable source of liquid transportation fuel. This, of course, makes it invaluable in reducing oil imports--one of our most pressing energy needs. A key question, however, is how large a role could biomass play in responding to the nation's energy demands. Assuming that economic and financial policies and advances in conversion technologies make biomass fuels and products more economically viable, could the biorefinery industry be large enough to have a significant impact on energy supply and oil imports? Any and all contributions are certainly needed, but would the biomass potential be sufficiently large to justify the necessary capital replacements in the fuels and automobile sectors? The purpose of this report is to determine whether the land resources of the United States are capable of producing a sustainable supply of biomass sufficient to displace 30 percent or more of the country's present petroleum consumption--the goal set by the Advisory Committee in their vision for biomass technologies. Accomplishing this goal would require approximately 1 billion dry tons of biomass feedstock per year.

  19. A nuclear criticality safety assessment of the loss of moderation control in 2 1/2 and 10-ton cylinders containing enriched UF{sub 6}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newvahner, R.L. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Piketon, OH (United States); Pryor, W.A. [PAI Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Moderation control for maintaining nuclear criticality safety in 2 {1/2}-ton, 10-ton, and 14-ton cylinders containing enriched uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) has been used safely within the nuclear industry for over thirty years, and is dependent on cylinder integrity and containment. This assessment evaluates the loss of moderation control by the breaching of containment and entry of water into the cylinders. The first objective of this study was to estimate the required amounts of water entering these large UF{sub 6} cylinders to react with, and to moderate the uranium compounds sufficiently to cause criticality. Hypothetical accident situations were modeled as a uranyl fluoride (UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}) slab above a UF{sub 6} hemicylinder, and a UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} sphere centered within a UF{sub 6} hemicylinder. These situations were investigated by computational analyses utilizing the KENO V.a Monte Carlo Computer Code. The results were used to estimate both the masses of water required for criticality, and the limiting masses of water that could be considered safe. The second objective of the assessment was to calculate the time available for emergency control actions before a criticality would occur, i.e., a {open_quotes}safetime{close_quotes}, for various sources of water and different size openings in a breached cylinder. In the situations considered, except the case for a fire hose, the safetime appears adequate for emergency control actions. The assessment shows that current practices for handling moderation controlled cylinders of low enriched UF{sub 6}, along with the continuation of established personnel training programs, ensure nuclear criticality safety for routine and emergency operations.

  20. Authorized Limits for the Release of a 25 Ton Locomotive, Serial Number 21547, at the Area 25 Engine Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeremy Gwin and Douglas Frenette

    2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains process knowledge and radiological data and analysis to support approval for release of the 25-ton locomotive, Serial Number 21547, at the Area 25 Engine Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly (EMAD) Facility, located on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The 25-ton locomotive is a small, one-of-a-kind locomotive used to move railcars in support of the Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application project. This locomotive was identified as having significant historical value by the Nevada State Railroad Museum in Boulder City, Nevada, where it will be used as a display piece. A substantial effort to characterize the radiological conditions of the locomotive was undertaken by the NTS Management and Operations Contractor, National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec). During this characterization process, seven small areas on the locomotive had contamination levels that exceeded the NTS release criteria (limits consistent with U.S. Department of Energy [DOE] Order DOE O 5400.5, “Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment”). The decision was made to perform radiological decontamination of these known accessible impacted areas to further the release process. On February 9, 2010, NSTec personnel completed decontamination of these seven areas to within the NTS release criteria. Although all accessible areas of the locomotive had been successfully decontaminated to within NTS release criteria, it was plausible that inaccessible areas of the locomotive (i.e., those areas on the locomotive where it was not possible to perform radiological surveys) could potentially have contamination above unrestricted release limits. To access the majority of these inaccessible areas, the locomotive would have to be disassembled. A complete disassembly for a full radiological survey could have permanently destroyed parts and would have ruined the historical value of the locomotive. Complete disassembly would also add an unreasonable financial burden for the contractor. A decision was reached between the NTS regulator and NSTec, opting for alternative authorized limits from DOE Headquarters. In doing so, NSTec personnel performed a dose model using the DOE-approved modeling code RESRAD-BUILD v3.5 to evaluate scenarios. The parameters used in the dose model were conservative. NSTec’s Radiological Engineering Calculation, REC-2010-001, “Public Dose Estimate from the EMAD 25 Ton Locomotive,” concluded that the four scenarios evaluated were below the 25-millirem per year limit, the “likely” dose scenarios met the “few millirem in a year” criteria, and that the EMAD 25-ton locomotive met the radiological requirements to be released with residual radioactivity to the public.

  1. Scale-up of mild gasification to be a process development unit mildgas 24 ton/day PDU design report. Final report, November 1991--July 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From November 1991 to April 1996, Kerr McGee Coal Corporation (K-M Coal) led a project to develop the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) Mild Gasification (MILDGAS) process for near-term commercialization. The specific objectives of the program were to: design, construct, and operate a 24-tons/day adiabatic process development unit (PDU) to obtain process performance data suitable for further design scale-up; obtain large batches of coal-derived co-products for industrial evaluation; prepare a detailed design of a demonstration unit; and develop technical and economic plans for commercialization of the MILDGAS process. The project team for the PDU development program consisted of: K-M Coal, IGT, Bechtel Corporation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale (SIUC), General Motors (GM), Pellet Technology Corporation (PTC), LTV Steel, Armco Steel, Reilly Industries, and Auto Research.

  2. (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only active lithium carbonate plant in the United States was a brine operation in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    94 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The only active lithium carbonate plant in the United States was a brine operation in Nevada. Two companies produced a large array of downstream lithium compounds in the United States from domestic or South

  3. (Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms used about 92% of the primary tin consumed

  4. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    170 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 90% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2012. The major uses were as follows

  5. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    174 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms used about 80% of the primary tin consumed

  6. (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    180 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1998, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 85% of the primary tin. The major uses

  7. (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1997, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1997, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 85% of the primary tin. The major uses

  8. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    172 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 81% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2006. The major uses were as follows

  9. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    172 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 86% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2008. The major uses were as follows

  10. (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1999, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 97% of the primary tin. The major uses

  11. (Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    174 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined domestically since 1993. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms used about 77% of the primary tin consumed

  12. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 81% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2005. The major uses were as follows

  13. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    170 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 84% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2009. The major uses were as follows

  14. (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    178 TIN (Data in metric tons of contained tin, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, there was no domestic tin mine production. Production of tin at the only U.S. tin smelter, at Texas City, TX, stopped in 1989. Twenty-five firms consumed about 85% of the primary tin. The major uses

  15. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    168 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms accounted for about 90% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2013. The major uses for tin

  16. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    170 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 91% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2010. The major uses were as follows

  17. (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    176 TIN (Data in metric tons of tin content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Tin has not been mined or smelted in the United States since 1993 and 1989, respectively. Twenty-five firms used about 84% of the primary tin consumed domestically in 2007. The major uses were as follows

  18. (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 1997 was essentially unchanged at 1.9 million metric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    52 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Mexico, Nevada, and Montana, accounted for 98% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in six other States. While copper was recovered at about 35 mines operating in the United States, 15

  19. CORROSION OF ALUMINUM CLAD SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL IN THE 70 TON CASK DURING TRANSFER FROM L AREA TO H-CANYON

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mickalonis, J.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aluminum-clad spent nuclear fuel will be transported for processing in the 70-ton nuclear fuel element cask from L Basin to H-canyon. During transport these fuels would be expected to experience high temperature aqueous corrosion from the residual L Basin water that will be present in the cask. Cladding corrosion losses during transport were calculated for material test reactor (MTR) and high flux isotope reactors (HFIR) fuels using literature and site information on aqueous corrosion at a range of time/temperature conditions. Calculations of the cladding corrosion loss were based on Arrhenius relationships developed for aluminum alloys typical of cladding material with the primary assumption that an adherent passive film does not form to retard the initial corrosion rate. For MTR fuels a cladding thickness loss of 33 % was found after 1 year in the cask with a maximum temperature of 260 {degrees}C. HFIR fuels showed a thickness loss of only 6% after 1 year at a maximum temperature of 180 {degrees}C. These losses are not expected to impact the overall confinement function of the aluminum cladding.

  20. New Houston NOx Rules: Implications and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cascone, R.

    Capex $MM NOx Reduction Tons/yr Net Cost NPV10 $MM Case 1 4 50 3.6 a. Defer 1 year 4.2 loss due to delay 0.6 b. Defer 2 years 5.4 loss due to delay 1.7 c. Defer 3 years 8.5 loss due to delay 4.8 Case 2 35 750 31.8 a. Defer 1 year 42...

  1. Els UK Job: CDI ch09-i047172 16-11-2007 4:15p.m. Page:325 Trim:165240MM Float:Top/Bot TS: Integra, India Fonts: Palatino & Helvetica 9/11 Margins:Top:4PC Gutter:5PC T. W:30PC open recto 1 Color 49 Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    literature, capacity markets are often viewed as a fix to the "miss- ing money" problem where generators investment in new capacity. Furthermore, some critics claim that such markets impose an extra and unnecessary Part III Capacity, Resource Adequacy, and Investment #12;Els UK Job: CDI ch09-i047172 16-11-2007 4:15p

  2. Els UK Job: CDI Ch06-I047172 13-11-2007 11:15a.m. Page:245 Trim:165240MM Float:Top/Bot TS: Integra, India Fonts: Palatino & Helvetica 9/11 Margins:Top:4PC Gutter:5PC T. W:30PC open recto 1 Color 49 Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Commission, USA Summary With the advent of restructured electricity markets a contentious market design issue Chapter 6 The Cost of Anarchy in Self-Commitment-Based Electricity Markets RAMTEEN SIOSHANSI1 , SHMUEL OREN, AND RICHARD O'NEILL2 1 University of California, Berkeley, USA; 2 Federal Energy Regulatory

  3. Please cite this article in press as: M.M. Rogers, et al., HERO: A smart-phone application for location based emissions estimates, Sustain. Comput.: Inform. Syst. (2014), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.suscom.2014.09.001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Weisong

    on a model that estimates air emission rates of user-selected pollutants based on real-time spatially, the generator's efficiency, and installed pollution controls. Just as the demand for electricity and the gen created that provides consumers with real-time information about local air emissions resulting from

  4. Bildergalerie HFF Festivals & Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baer, Christian

    a female. 2007, Vordiplom, 35 mm, 05:10 min, Farbe, Animation CREDITS Buch Tomer Eshed Regie Tomer Eshed Produktion Anne Baeker Kamera Tomer Eshed Szenenbild Jan Schneider Ton David Ziegler Musik Stefan Maria Schneider Montage Tomer Eshed Herstellungsleitung Holger Lochau FESTIVALS Imagine Amsterdam Fantastic Film

  5. J. Haidar ) Rhee Kannatey-Asibu )

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5.2 Stark Sola ) LTE Te Ne Stark Stark Ne Te Stark ArI . nm FeI . nm Stark Fe Sola . mm mm LTE LTE LTE LTE ) 6.4 Ar 330 A / S/N 30 30 #12;- . mm - . mm - . mm K - mm K mm K - . mm

  6. U.S. DOE Industrial Technologies Program – Technology Delivery Plant-Wide Assessment at PPG Industries, Natrium, WV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lester, Stephen R.; Wiethe, Jeff; Green, Russell; Guice, Christina; Gopalakrishnan, Bhaskaran; Turton, Richard

    2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    PPG and West Virginia University performed a plantwide energy assessment at the PPG’s Natrium, WV chemical plant, an energy-intensive manufacturing facility producing chlor-alkali and related products. Implementation of all the assessment recommendations contained in this report could reduce plant energy consumption by 8.7%, saving an estimated 10,023,192 kWh/yr in electricity, 6,113 MM Btu/yr in Natural Gas, 401,156 M lb/yr in steam and 23,494 tons/yr in coal and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 241 mm lb/yr. The total cost savings would amount to approximately $2.9 mm/yr. Projects being actively implemented will save $1.7 mm/yr; the remainder are undergoing more detailed engineering study.

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - antibiotic-loaded cement spacers Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in this study. Sealed Reference Sample Sample Cement Paste 10 mm 10 mm 11.5mm 8mm Plastic Spacers 5 mm... based on Stokes equation actually suggests that some of the...

  8. The BosTon College STOKES HALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    's enduring commit- ment to the liberal arts," said Col- lege of Arts & Sciences Dean Da- vid Quigley. "The David Quigley September 30, 2010 Publi

  9. A fabric study of the suspended sediment of the lower Brazos River, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKee, Kathryn Merkle

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Brazos was undertaken by Wadhwa (1961). This study dealt with the suspended sediment load of five sampling stations between Waco and Richmond, Texas. Grain size and mineralogic analyses were performed on both the suspended sediment and the bank... sediments. The total suspended sediment load was found to increase downstream from 979 tons/day at Waco to 109, 890 tons/day at Richmond, a distance of approximately 178 river miles. The sand fraction of the suspended sediment (&0. 062 mm) was found...

  10. Supporting Information Lazarovici et al. 10.1073/pnas.1216822110

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohs, Remo

    Ibuffer(15mM Tris·Cl, pH 8.0, 88.5 mM NaCl, 60 mM KCl, 1 mM EDTA, 0.5 mM EGTA, 0.5 mM Spermidine, 6 mM CaCl2 (13.5 mM Tris·HCl, pH 8.0, 87 mM NaCl, 54 mM KCl, 6 mM CaCl2, 0.9 mM EDTA, 0.45 mM EGTA, 0.45 m

  11. Supplementary methods Dark-rearing animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hey-Kyoung

    M sucrose, 5 mM KCl, 1.25 mM NaH2PO4, 26 mM NaHCO3, 10 mM glucose, 3 mM MgCl2, 1 mM CaCl2) bubbled with 95 fluid (ACSF: 124 mM NaCl, 5 mM KCl, 1.25 mM NaH2PO4, 26 mM NaHCO3, 10 mM glucose, 1 mM MgCl2, 2 mM CaCl2

  12. Samuel Barber's Piano Sonata, Op. 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Jayoung

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , ABACA, with some modification. Three transitions, each approximately ten to fifteen measures in length, bridge a number of the sections. Section A (mm. 1-26) pitch center=G Transition group (mm.27-30, mm.31-47) Section B (mm.47-70) begin in C major... as follows: Exposition (mm. 1-50) First theme (mm. 1-19) Transition (mm.20-22) Second theme group (mm.23-50) Development (mm.51-109) First section (mm.51-74) Second section (mm.75-87) Third section (mm.88-109) Recapitulation (mm. 110-148) First...

  13. Performance Evaluation of a 4.5 kW (1.3 Refrigeration Tons) Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide/Water Solar Powered (Hot-Water-Fired) Absorption Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaltash, Abdolreza [ORNL; Petrov, Andrei Y [ORNL; Linkous, Randall Lee [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the summer months, air-conditioning (cooling) is the single largest use of electricity in both residential and commercial buildings with the major impact on peak electric demand. Improved air-conditioning technology has by far the greatest potential impact on the electric industry compared to any other technology that uses electricity. Thermally activated absorption air-conditioning (absorption chillers) can provide overall peak load reduction and electric grid relief for summer peak demand. This innovative absorption technology is based on integrated rotating heat exchangers to enhance heat and mass transfer resulting in a potential reduction of size, cost, and weight of the "next generation" absorption units. Rotartica Absorption Chiller (RAC) is a 4.5 kW (1.3 refrigeration tons or RT) air-cooled lithium bromide (LiBr)/water unit powered by hot water generated using the solar energy and/or waste heat. Typically LiBr/water absorption chillers are water-cooled units which use a cooling tower to reject heat. Cooling towers require a large amount of space, increase start-up and maintenance costs. However, RAC is an air-cooled absorption chiller (no cooling tower). The purpose of this evaluation is to verify RAC performance by comparing the Coefficient of Performance (COP or ratio of cooling capacity to energy input) and the cooling capacity results with those of the manufacturer. The performance of the RAC was tested at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in a controlled environment at various hot and chilled water flow rates, air handler flow rates, and ambient temperatures. Temperature probes, mass flow meters, rotational speed measuring device, pressure transducers, and a web camera mounted inside the unit were used to monitor the RAC via a web control-based data acquisition system using Automated Logic Controller (ALC). Results showed a COP and cooling capacity of approximately 0.58 and 3.7 kW respectively at 35 C (95 F) design condition for ambient temperature with 40 C (104 F) cooling water temperature. This is in close agreement with the manufacturer data of 0.60 for COP and 3.9 kW for cooling capacity. This study resulted in a complete performance map of RAC which will be used to evaluate the potential benefits of rotating heat exchangers in making the "next-generation" absorption chillers more compact and cost effective without any significant degradation in the performance. In addition, the feasibility of using rotating heat exchangers in other applications will be evaluated.

  14. '"g,S"gOE`,,,OEW--`D","--h,,e<,,,, "--hV~...OE[V",--p,,OEY"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishii, Hitoshi

    50 60 70 80 Deflection(%) ReactionForce(ton) ·}3·@OEW--¯·}·i135,000m 3 LNG`D ·j OEW--¯·õ,�"Á·« ­h,000m 3 LNG`D ·j OEW--¯·õ,�"Á·« ­hOE½·�,�"Á·« �42mm·C,,·[··[v·ieC

  15. Development of Next Generation Heating System for Scale Free Steel Reheating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Arvind C. Thekdi

    2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The work carried out under this project includes development and design of components, controls, and economic modeling tools that would enable the steel industry to reduce energy intensity through reduction of scale formation during the steel reheating process. Application of scale free reheating offers savings in energy used for production of steel that is lost as scale, and increase in product yield for the global steel industry. The technology can be applied to a new furnace application as well as retrofit design for conversion of existing steel reheating furnaces. The development work has resulted in the knowledge base that will enable the steel industry and steel forging industry us to reheat steel with 75% to 95% reduction in scale formation and associated energy savings during the reheating process. Scale reduction also results in additional energy savings associated with higher yield from reheat furnaces. Energy used for steel production ranges from 9 MM Btu/ton to 16.6 MM Btu/ton or the industry average of approximately 13 MM Btu/ton. Hence, reduction in scale at reheating stage would represent a substantial energy reduction for the steel industry. Potential energy savings for the US steel industry could be in excess of 25 Trillion Btu/year when the technology is applied to all reheating processes. The development work has resulted in new design of reheating process and the required burners and control systems that would allow use of this technology for steel reheating in steel as well as steel forging industries.

  16. Energy saving and improved comfort by increased air movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    constructed with 20 mm of plaster, 100 mm of glasswool, 240and 10 mm of internal plaster. The window has an external

  17. Structural and Therapeutic Investigations of Human Lipoxygenase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoobler, Eric Kerstan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mM HEPES (pH 7.3), 0.3 mM CaCl2, 0.1 mM EDTA, 0.2 mM ATP at25 mM HEPES (pH 7.3), 0.3 mM CaCl2, 0.1 mM EDTA, 0.2 mM ATP,25 mM EPE (pH 7.3), 0.3 mM CaCl2, 0.1 mM EDTA, 0.2 mM ATP at

  18. Fabrication procedure effects on fatigue resistance of rib -to-deck welded joints of steel orthotropic bridge decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Hyoung-Bo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    No Heat on Ribs (a) Specimen 1 heating area on deck 3000 mmheating area on rib 5000 mm 5000 mm 3000 mm (b) Specimen 2

  19. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 82, pp. 2168-2172, April 1985

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clapham, David E.

    ). The extracellular solution was 140 mM NaCl/2.8 mM KCl/2 mM MgCl2/1 mM CaCl2/10 mM Hepes/NaOH, pH 7.4. The intracellular solution was either 143 mM KCl/2 mM MgCl2/1 mM CaCl2/11 mM EGTA/10 mM Hepes/KOH, pH 7.2, or 120 mM CsCl/20 mM tetraethylammonium chloride/2 mM MgCl2/1 mM CaCl2/11 mM EGTA/10 mM Hepes/NaOH, pH 7

  20. Frequency dependent analysis of shielded coplanar waveguide single and cascaded step discontinuities by the mode matching technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Khwaja Mustafizur

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TABLE Page ifumber of terms M and calculated results of CPW eigenmodes. E'r 1 ~ cps 96, ss ? l. , hs ? 3. mm, hr=1. mm, h, =3. mm, a=7. 5 mm, S=2 mm, W ? 1. mm, f 30 GHz 30 Comparison of the effective dielectric constants between our anal- ysis... and i46]. szr ? szs = 1 e s = 9 6, hs 1 mm, hs ? hr ? 3mm, a=7. 5mm, S=2 mm, W=l mm, f=30 GHz, iVI=4 LIST OF FIGURES F ICi'RE Pa, ge Planar transmission bnes used in microwave integrated circuits . . . 3 Various types of microstrip discontinuities...

  1. The link between neuronal activity and activation of the cAMP/PKA cascade in developing retinal ganglion cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunn, Timothy Alan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MgCl2, 1.0 mM K2HPO4, 2.5 mM CaCl2, 26.2 mM NaHCO3, 11 mM D-MgCl2, 1.0 mM K2HPO4, 2.5 mM CaCl2, 26.2 mM NaHCO3, 11 mM D-

  2. Genetically encoded optical control of protein function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meijer, René Marcel

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5 mM HEPES, 2 mM EGTA, 0.2 mM CaCl2, 3mM disodium-ATP and pHper well mixture of DNA and CaCl2 (0.25M) was added dropwise5 mM HEPES, 2 mM EGTA, 0.2 mM CaCl2, 3mM disodium-ATP and pH

  3. Development of Novel Diagnostic Tools and beyond for Targets of Human Significance: Metabolites, Toxins & Viruses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cella, Lakshminarasamamba

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0.1 mM MnCl2 and 0.5 mM CaCl2 prepared in 10 mM phosphate0.1 mM MnCl2 and 0.5 mM CaCl2 prepared in 10 mM phosphatesupplemented with 0.5 mM CaCl2 and 0.1 mM MnCl2 (PB) for 2 h

  4. University of Missouri School of Music Volume 20 Fall 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Jerry

    page 6). Pictured are Nathan Ward (current senior), Rachel Marschke (MM '13), and DJ Jordan (BA '11, MM

  5. The dawning of musical aspect in process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obrecht, Alexander Guy

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    processes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139 Figure 3.5 Rhythmic processes (mm. 1–and Rhythmic processes (vln. mm. 2–5). . . . . . . . . . .

  6. Cell type differences in intrinsic membrane properties regulate responsiveness and energy consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otte, Stephani L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MgSO4, 10mM glucose, 1.2mM CaCl2, and 1mM kynurenic acid)MgSO4, 10mM glucose, 1.2mM CaCl2, and 1mM kynurenic acid)

  7. A New Colonial Anelosimus Spider From Suriname (Araneae: Theridiidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Herbert W.; Smith, Deborah R.

    1982-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    by the editor September 14, 1982. 275 276 Psyche [Vol. 89 Anterior median eyes their diameter apart, 0.3 diameters from later- als. Posterior median eyes slightly more than their diameter apart, their diameter from laterals. Total length, 3.2 mm. Carapace, 1....3 mm long, 0.9 mm wide. First femur, 1.7 mm; patella and tibia, 1.7 mm; metatarsus, 1.3 mm; tarsus, 0.8 mm. Second patella and tibia, 1.4 mm; third, 1.1 mm; fourth, 1.5 mm. Male. Carapace, sternum orange. Legs yellow-white. Abdomen orange to black. Eyes...

  8. Revision of the orchid bee subgenus Euglossella (Hymenoptera, Apidae), Part I, The decorata species group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinojosa-Dí az, Ismael A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    ) (Fig. 15). Description. ?: Structure. Total body length 12.44 mm; labiomaxillary complex in repose reaching posterior tip of metasoma (estimate) (Fig. 8). Head length 2.85 mm, width 5.11 mm; upper interorbital distance 2.44 mm; lower interorbital... distance 2.26 mm; upper clypeal width 1.19 mm; lower clypeal width 2.19 mm; clypeal pro- tuberance 0.81 mm; medial and paramedial clypeal ridges well developped; labrum slightly wider than long, length 1.19 mm, width 1.26 mm; medial labral ridge sharp...

  9. electrode in the flowing bath solution, which were connected to a GeneClamp 500 amplifier (Axon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgess, Neil

    vertically on Petri plates contain- ing 1.5% (w/v) agar, 1 mM KCl, and 1 mM CaCl2 in continuous light for 4) dissolved in 10 mM KCl, 1 mM CaCl2, 5 mM MES, and 300 mM sorbitol {pH 5.2 with 1,3-bis chamber containing 10 mM CaCl2, 30 mM KCl, 5 mM Hepes, and 120 to180 mM sorbitol (pH 7.0 with BTP

  10. 10. L. M. Futey, Q. G. Medley, G. P. Cote, T. T. Egelhoff, J. Biol. Chem. 270, 523 (1995).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Harvey

    M NaCl, 5 mM ATP, 1 mM MgCl2, 10 mM EGTA, 4.1 mM CaCl2, and 10 mM Hepes, with pH adjusted to 7.8 mM KCl, 2 mM CaCl2, 1 mM MgCl2, 10 mM Hepes, and 10 mM glucose, with pH adjusted to 7.4 with Na

  11. Proceedings of the IEA working group meeting on ferritic/martensitic steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klueh, R.L.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An International Energy Agency (IEA) working group consist- ng of researchers from Japan, the European Union (EU), and the United States, met at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) 16 February 1995 to continue planning a collaborative test program on reduced-activation ferritic/martensitic steels for fusion applications. Plates from a 5-ton, a 1-ton, and three 150 kg heats of reduced-activation martensitic steels have been melted and processed to 7.5- and 15-mm plates in Japan. Plates were delivered in 1994 to the three parties that will participate in the test program. A second 5-ton IEA heat of modified F82H steel was produced in Japan in late 1994, and it was processed into 15- and 25-mm plates, which are to be shipped in February, 1995. Weldments will be produced on plates from this heat, and they will be shipped in April, 1995. At the ORNL meeting, a detailed test program and schedule was presented by the EU representatives, and less detailed programs were presented by the Japanese and US representatives. Detailed program schedules are required from the latter two programs to complete the program planning stage. A meeting is planned for 19--20 September 1995 in Switzerland to continue the planning and coordination of the test program and to present the preliminary results obtained in the collaboration.

  12. Hanford Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    River. ERDF receives contaminated soil, demolition debris, and solid waste from cleanup operations across the 586-square-mile Hanford Site in southeast Washington state. On...

  13. OFFICE WASTE DATA 2010 Recyclable Materials 1680 tons / 62%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillas, Serge

    is used to stabilise temperatures within conventional Energy from Waste incineration plants as well materials and to produce a combustible product. This involves the removal of inert and compostable materials

  14. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %; South Africa, 37%; China, 3%; Canada, 1%; and other, 2%. Zirconium, unwrought, including powder: France coatings, and sandblasting. The leading consumers of zirconium and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy Kingdom, 5%; and other, 9%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12-31-08 Zirconium ores

  15. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sources (2002-05): Zirconium ores and concentrates: Australia, 57%; South Africa, 35%; China, 4%; Canada consumers of zirconium and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy and chemical process industries. Salient%; Japan, 4%; and other, 2%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12-31-06 Zirconium ores

  16. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    concentrates: South Africa, 52%; Australia, 43%; and other, 5%. Zirconium, unwrought, including powder: Japan. The leading consumers of zirconium metal and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy and chemical process, 58%; Australia, 24%; Germany, 11%; other, 7%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12

  17. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %; South Africa, 46%; China, 3%; Russia, 1%; and other, 1%. Zirconium, unwrought, including powder: France coatings, and sandblasting. The leading consumers of zirconium and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy, 21%; Canada, 8%; United Kingdom, 6%; and other, 5%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12

  18. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was insignificant. Import Sources (2008­11): Zirconium mineral concentrates: Australia, 52%; South Africa, 42. The leading consumers of zirconium metal and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy and chemical process: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12­31­12 Zirconium ores and concentrates 2615.10.0000 Free

  19. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    concentrates: Australia, 49%; South Africa, 44%; and other, 7%. Zirconium, unwrought, including powder: Germany. The leading consumers of zirconium metal and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy and chemical process, 17%; United Kingdom, 5%; and other, 9%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12-31-11 Zirconium

  20. ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %; South Africa, 32%; China, 4%; Canada, 2%; and other, 1%. Zirconium, unwrought, including powder: France coatings, and sandblasting. The leading consumers of zirconium and hafnium metal are the nuclear energy, 2%; Austria, 1%; and other, 1%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12-31-07 Zirconium ores

  1. Coolerado 5 Ton RTU Performance: Western Cooling Challenge Results (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kozubal, E.; Slayzak, S.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Western Cooling Efficiency Center (WCEC) developed a set of criteria for test conditions, minimum energy, and water use performance for prototype cooling equipment and identified these conditions as indicative of western state climates.

  2. (Data in metric tons of silver content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    odor, electronics and circuit boards, electroplating, hardening bearings, inks, mirrors, solar cells,250 1,250 1,280 Refinery: Primary 2,210 791 779 796 800 Secondary (new and old scrap) 1,110 1,220 1

  3. Disposal Facility Reaches 15-Million-Ton Milestone | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and hundreds of support structures. McCormick and Washington Closure President Carol Johnson praised a large group of Hanford workers. "We have an exceptional workforce committed...

  4. 150 g-ton Capacity Centrifuge Renssealer Polytechnic Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Khaled

    comprised of periodic, aperiodic, random, or scaled earthquake signals. The large 1D shaker is a servo, the adjacent cyclic soils, laboratory and computers for small soil sample, soil characterization to the study of the effects of liquefaction during lateral spreading near pile foundation. #12;NEES

  5. The BosTon College Chronicle summer 2009 edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    halls to enable BC to meet 100 percent of demand for undergraduate hous- ing. In addition provided advice and sup- port during the various phases of the IMP process," said University President of time, energy and resources will result in a stronger Boston College and an enhanced neighborhood." Jack

  6. Linear Extrusion 400 Tons/Day Dry Solids Pump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenneth Sprouse; David Matthews

    2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) has developed an innovative gasifier concept that uses rocket engine experience to significantly improve gasifier performance, life, and cost compared to current state-of-the-art systems. The PWR gasifier concept uses a compact and highly efficient (>50%) dry solids pump that has excellent availability (>99.5%). PWR is currently developing this dry solids pump under a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) cooperative agreement. The conceptual design on two dry solids pumps were completed under this agreement and one pump concept was selected for preliminary design. A preliminary design review (PDR) of the selected pump was presented on September 20, 2007 to PWR management and numerous technical specialists. Feedback from the PDR review team has been factored into the design and a Delta-PDR was held on April 9, 2008.

  7. WithcoteWistow Skef'tonSomerbyStap'ford

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Max

    Rocklands House OldCourt The Coppice Spinneys Howard House Ashcroft House John Foster Facilities Building

  8. Hanford Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal Mark

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.ProgramJulietip sheetK-4In 2013 many autoThis road mapF ReactorJohn

  9. Energy Department Employee Recognized for Eliminating One Million Tons of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program -Department ofto Cellulosic Bioenergy |EnergyDevelopment |Irene

  10. 14,700 tons of silver at Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-on halloweenReliable solar:210th

  11. Energy Department Sponsored Project Captures One Millionth Metric Ton of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing Zirconia Nanoparticles asSecondCareer Awards | U.S. DOE Office ofCO2 |

  12. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 24, 2014: Massive 30-ton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4:Epitaxial ThinFORFALLSubscriptioncomplete theat

  13. Department of Energy Releases New 'Billion-Ton' Study Highlighting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealing WithDevelopment ofNoPreparesReport | Department

  14. Two (2) 175 Ton (350 Tons total) Chiller Geothermal Heat Pumps for recently commissioned LEED Platinum Building

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This project will operate; collect data; and market the energy savings and capital costs of a recently commissioned chiller geothermal heat pump project to promote the wide-spread adoption of this mature technology.

  15. Image use in the characterization of field parameters: incorporation of remote sensing with hydrologic simulation modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Garey Alton

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    ). . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . Figurc 2. 5 ? Correcting equations I'or correction of Image 2 to Image I for (a) R band and (b) IR band for I'ield IW7 (1997-growing season) . 17 Figure 2. 6 ? Correcting equations for correction of Image 3 to Image 1 for (a) R band and (b) IR band... runoff (mm) for soil fdes with (RS) and without (NRS) remote sensing for (a) 1997-growmg season and (b) 1998-growmg season of Field IW7. . . . . . . . 73 Table 5. 2 ? Paired t-test on predicted yield (tons/ha) for soil hles with (RS) and without (NRS...

  16. Tales of one gene discovery of a novel candidate receptor in mammalian taste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Angela Lilly

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    135mM NaCl, 5mM KCl, 8mM CaCl2, 1mM MgCl2, 10mM HEPES, 10mMKCl, pH7.4 (black), 150mM KCl, 3mM CaCl2, pH7.4 (blue),150mM NaCl, 3mM CaCl2, pH7.4 (green), 150mMKCl, pH3.5 (red),

  17. Sperm Chromatin Assembly in CSF or Interphase HSS Jason Swedlow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchison, Tim

    CSF HSS) 1 M KCl 1 mM CaCl2 20 mM MgCl2 100 mM K+ HEPES pH 7.7 500 mM sucrose 50 mM EGTA 10x XB1: (for interphase HSS) 1 M KCl 1 mM CaCl2 10 mM MgCl2 100 mM K+ HEPES pH 7.7 500 mM sucrose 20x energy mix: 20 m

  18. Regulation of Myosin VI transport, tethering to actin and cargo binding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naccache, Samia Nidal

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ice cold PBS containing 1mM CaCl2 and 0.1 mM MgCl2 (PBS-CM)mM NaCl, 1 mM MgCl2, 0.1 mM CaCl2, 75 mM NaOH, 1% BSA for 90

  19. Artificial Cellulosomes and Arsenic Cleanup: From Single Cell Programming to Synthetic Yeast Consortium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, Shen-Long

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    100 mM NaCl, and 10 mM CaCl2), and lysed with a sonicator.100 mM NaCl, and 10 mM CaCl2 and resuspended in SDC mediumsupplemented with 10 mM CaCl2 to an optical density at 600

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - anemia na ancylostomose Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (NETN without EDTA, supplemented with calcium: 20 mM Tris pH 8, 150 mM NaCl, 10 mM CaCl2, 0.1% NP... M NaCl, 10 mM imidazole, 10% glycerol, 1 mM AEBSF, 0.1% b-mercaptoethanol)...

  1. Reverse Optical Probing (ROPING) of Neocortical Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    (3 mM MgSO4, 1 mM CaCl2), and allowed to equilibrate to room temperature. Whole-cell recordings in V1 conventional ACSF (1 mM MgSO4, 2 mM CaCl2, 3 mM KCl) with Axopatch 200B (Axon Instruments) and a BVC-700 (Dagan

  2. High Power Targetry Workshop May 3rd , 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    in beam direction ~25 mm Beam Target thickness mm for 30 % of range Number of slices 1 mm thick Power loss/slice [kW] Number of slices 0.2 mm thick Power loss/slice [kW] Number of slices 0.1 mm thick Power loss

  3. Development of Optimal Catalyst Designs and Operating Strategies...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Experiments LNT & SCR Kinetic Models LNT & LNTSCR Bench-scale Reactors Low-D LNT & SCR Reactor Models Vehicle Tests of New LNTSCR Designs 0.0 mm 4.4 mm 10.4 mm 16.4 mm 25.4 mm...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - alkalimetall und schwefel Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mm1 Cellular Networks: GSM, GPRS, and UMTS Mm2... Quality of Service Mm5 Reliability aspects www.kom.auc.dkhpsWirelessNetworksIISp05 Page 2 Hans Peter Schwefel...

  5. CSF Extract Prep for Spindle Assembly Claire Walczak 11/95

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchison, Tim

    Stock Buffers: 20X XB Salts: 2 M KCl 20 mM MgCl2 2 mM CaCl2 store at 4 deg C. 2 M Sucrose: SterileM EDTA 100 mM NaCl 2 mM KCl 1 mM MgCl2 2 mM CaCl2 make 2 l- store at RT. XB: 10 mM HEPES, pH 7.7 1 mM MgCl2 0.1 mM CaCl2 100 mM KCl #12;50 mM sucrose make 250 ml- make fresh. CSF-XB: 10 mM HEPES, pH 7.7 2 m

  6. DOI: 10.1126/science.289.5488.2342 , 2342 (2000);289Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Michael

    mM KCl, zero CaCl2, and 0.1 mM KCl, 10 mM CaCl2. Aperture measurements were made in the same chamber

  7. Performance Measurement of MEAs

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    iii. Electrolyte membrane durability iv. Target cost of membrane v. Automotive fuel cell MEA degradation map 3 3 Measurement of MEA Performance 4 4 25cm 2 72mm 72mm 50mm...

  8. array radio telescope: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can experience mm-scale distortions across -2 meter lengths due to mounting stresses or solar radiation. Experimental RMS errors are 0.7 mm at night and 3 mm under worst case solar...

  9. b120058 DPGF ESPCI -ramnagement de diffrents laboratoires et bureaux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, Université

    VENTILLATION CLIMATISATION ventilation double flux Conduits en PVC diamètre 120 mm Conduits en PVC diamètre 60 mm Conduite en PVC diamètre 100 mm PEINTURE ET REVETEMENT SOL Peinture mur Peinture Plafond

  10. Microsoft Word - DSQ Winter 2010_15mar10.doc

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Ejecta Vacuum 36 inches Relayed ejecta region, 125 mm long, 60 mm dia. Containment vessel Green doublet Stop Interference filter Best focus plane ejecta data region (60 mm dia.,...

  11. Performing Practice for Roberto Peña's Concierto para Flauta y Orquesta: Discovering Mexico's Contemporary Classical Flute Music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, Julia Michelle Carrasco

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    v   L IST OF F IGURES Figure 1 Allegro Moderato: mm.1-6 Figure 1.1 Allegro Moderato: mm.7-12 Figure 2 Allegro Moderato: mm. 1-12 (flute) Figure 3

  12. Post-translational modifications in intrinsically disordered regions and their contribution to protein- protein interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulvihill, Melinda Michele

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    thrombin cleavage buffer (2 mM CaCl2 TBS pH 8). The slurrythrombin cleavage buffer (2 mM CaCl2 TBS pH 8). The slurry150 mM NaCl, 1 mM DTT, 2 mM CaCl2, 2 mM MgCl2, 1% Triton-X-

  13. Elucidating the functions and signaling mechanisms of the chemokine CXCL12 and its receptors CXCR4 and CXCR7 in cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Hayre, Morgan L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pH 7.5, 200 mM NaCl, 2 mM CaCl2. This will also concentratebicarbonate, 6ul of 100 mM CaCl2 (~1.7 mM final conc. ) tobicarbonate, 6ul of 100 mM CaCl2 (~1.7 mM final conc. ) to

  14. Department of Biochemistry Seattle, WA 98195-7350

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunham, Maitreya

    M CaCl2 500 mM Na2HPO4 14.3 M -mercaptoethanol 500 mM EDTA 500 mM NaH2PO4 BUFFERS Note: For all mM Imidazole 100 µL 1 M 2 mM CaCl2 200 µL 1 M 10 mM -mercaptoethanol 69.6 µL 14.3 M Split into two

  15. Sun Ultra 2 System at a Glance Product Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    Sun Ultra 2 System at a Glance Product Specifications Sun Ultra 2 Model 2170 Sun Ultra 2 Models 1200 and 2200 Sun Ultra 2 Models 1300 and 2300 Dimensions and weight 450 mm x 130 mm x 444 mm (Wx Optional SunCDTM 4x or 12x drive Optional 4-mm DDS2 tape Optional 8-mm tape 14-GB 8-mm tape 2.5-GB 0

  16. Distribution and Variation of Pocket Gophers (Genus Geomys) in the Southwestern United States.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, William B.

    1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , constricted near middle. 5. Hind foot of females usually 34 mm., or more. in length ; premaxillary tongues terminating anterior to lacrimal proc- esses ........................................................ G. bursarius* 5l. Hind foot of females usually.... mm. or more (males 16,000 cu. mm., or more). 2. Zygomatic arches widely divergent anteriorly; hind foot of females averaging 27 mm. or more (29 mm. or more in males). 3. "Volume" of skull in females near 14,000 cu. mm.; body length averaging 231...

  17. Study of active control of instability in a boundary layer over a flat plate flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oryu, Hiroshi

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 9 34 Power spectrum and time record at a freestream of 136. 8 mm/s, 2. 5 mm off the bottom wall and 25. 4 mm upstream of the actuator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 35 Power specnum and time record at a Ireestream... of 201. 3 mm/s, 2. 5 mm off the bottom wall and 25. 4 mm upstream of the actuator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 FIGURE Page 36 Power spectrum and time record at a &eestream of 263. 8 mm/s, 2. 5 mm off the bottom wall and 25...

  18. Friction factor data for flat plate tests of smooth and honeycomb surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Tae Woong

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are needed. The purpose of this report is to present the air flow friction factor data for honeycomb surfaces (i.e., 1.57 mm, 0.79 mm and 0.51 mm in cell width, 3.81 mm and 2.29 mm in cell depth) with a flat plate tester. The flat plate tester is designed....2bar, and 17.9bar, respectively and 3 clearances between honeycombs which are 0.25mm, 0.38mm and 0.51mm. These clearance values are representative of actual seals used in the turbomachinary. The following questions wil l be answered: 1) Does...

  19. 11th WWW YES, Arcueil -6 10 June 2011 Urban waters: resource or risks? Developing a Pilot Scale Horizontal Sub Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -vegetated cell control. Cells would be packed with 5-10mm diameter pea gravel while 20-50mm diameter pea gravel

  20. Dynamic regulation of proteasome function by neuronal activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Djakovic, Stevan Nicholas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    35 mm dishes (Mattek, Ashland, MA) and maintained in B2735 mm dishes (Mattek, Ashland, MA) and maintained in B27

  1. 1274 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 20, No. 11 / June 1, 1995 All-solid-state continuous-wave tunable blue-light source by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    was 250 mm 3 1 mm. The second diode was produced by Applied Optronics (AO), with an output power of 400 m

  2. Qualifying Energy Conservation Bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briggs, J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mm *As of October 2013 7 QECB Utilization – Selected States ESL-KT-13-12-39 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Houston, City of $ 23.4 mm Harris County $ 16.9 mm San Antonio, City of $ 16.9 mm....3 mm Bell County $ 1.7 mm Waco City of $ 1.3 mm Unallocated BRB $ 43.4 mm 8 QECB Texas Allocation – Selected Entities ESL-KT-13-12-39 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 • State...

  3. Bosch Powertrain Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    70 mm 80 mm Laser drilling Standard EDM Laser drilling, opt. Standard Individual spray beams Flexible hole design of single beams Improved homogenization Reduced wall...

  4. PHYSICS OF NUCLEAR REACTORS Nuclear reactions and cross sections 1-10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    neutron wavelength, D is given by: cE mM Mm 2 + = h D , (1.22) 1 Bell and Glasstone, Nuclear Reactor

  5. Thermal Effects in Vibration Assisted Grinding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Endres. William J.

    'l 4140 mild steel Hardness : RC19 25.4 x 10.2 x 10 mm Grinding wheel Carborundum 32AR46-JV40 178 mm dia

  6. A new carcinosomatid eurypterid from the Siluro-Devonian of northern Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selden, Paul A.; Truong, Doan Nhat

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and distal podomeres of one appendage VI, entire opisthosoma and telson (Text-figs 3A, 4), although most of the postabdomen and telson are preserved on a separate piece (Text-figs 3D, 4). Coxa of appendage V 5-4 mm long. Podomere 2, 4-1 mm long. Podomere 3..., 4-4 mm long. Appendage VI entire. Coxa 24 mm long, 16 mm wide, convex posterior margin. Podomere 2 oval, 5-1 mm long, 9-7 mm wide. Podomere 3 narrow, 1-3 mm long, 9-3 mm wide. Podomere 4 narrow, wedge-shaped, anterior length 3-5 mm, width 8-5mm...

  7. Hyperbaric oxygen and hypoxia alter production of nitric oxide by J774 murine macrophages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burden, Kyland Irle

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (no HBO), within each experiment. Control cells, incubated in P02 20mmHg or 40mmHg, produced significantly (P < 0.0001) less NO, ([] respectively), than did cells exposed to 95% room air (RA), 5% C02-Cells incubated in P02 = 20mmHg or 40mm...

  8. A light diet for a giant appetite: An assessment of China's proposed fluorescent lamp standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jiang

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    standard for linear fluorescent lamps Length (mm) Minimum efficacy (lm/W) Efficacy for energy conservation

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - active phosphatase inhibitor-1 Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alkaline phosphatase) 10 BAP buffer (500 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8... phosphatase) 10 CIP buffer (200 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0, 10 mM MgCl2, 10 mM ZnCl2) ... Source: Kirschner,...

  10. The Evolution of Tooling, Technical and Quality Control for Accelerator Dipole Magnet Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanlan, R.M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mimimum specification value. "Inis _presented a significanttolerance, or + .003 mm. 'Inis requirementcan be met, but it

  11. Performance indicators for public mental healthcare: A systematic international inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauriks, Steve; Buster, Marcel CA; de Wit, Matty AS; Arah, Onyebuchi A; Klazinga, Niek S

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    care Study Performance indicator Related criterion Result Simpson & Lloyd [17] • Methadone maintenance (MM) drug abuse treatment

  12. BIOCHEMISTRY OF SNAKE VENOM NEUROTOXINS AND THEIR APPLICATION TO THE STUDY OF THE SYNAPSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanley, M.R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the presence or absence of 1 ~~ CaCl2. One mM CaC1 2 in theemulsified egg yolk + 1 mM CaCl2 + 2.5 mM deoxycholate.serine liposomes + 1 mM CaCl2 were added at a molar ratio of

  13. Nucleic Acids Research, 1993, Vol. 21, No. 9 2247-2248 The nucleosome repeat length of Kluyveromyces lactis is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorbitol, 20 mM Pipes, 0.1 mM CaCl2, pH = 6.3), and resuspended in the remaining liquid. The suspensions were each added to 25 ml of Ficoll-PMSF solution (9% Ficoll 4000, 20 mM Pipes, 0.5 mM CaCl2, pH = 6

  14. The role of proteases in Twist induced tumor invasion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lwin, Thinzar Helmi Min

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    supplemented with 0.5mM CaCl2 and 0.5 mM of MgCl2 forsupplemented with 0.5mM CaCl2 and 0.5 mM of MgCl2). Cells

  15. Carbonic anhydrases function as mediators of CO?-induced stomatal movements and regulators of stomatal development in Arabidopsis thaliana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ries, Amber Beth

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    buffer (10mM KCl, 50µM CaCl2, 10mM MES, pH of 6.15 withbuffer (10mM KCl, 50µM CaCl2, 10mM MES, pH of 6.15 with

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - annexins modulate cytosolic Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Human embryonic kidney cell line... .4, 140 mM NaCl, 1 mM MgCl2, 5 mM KCl, 2.5 mM CaCl2). FITC-conjugated Annexin V was added to a final Source: Ma, Dalong - Center for Human...

  17. Measurement of the transverse coherence of a VUV Free Electron Laser Rasmus Ischebeck, Manfred Tonutti (RWTH Aachen), Josef Feldhaus, Christopher Gerth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -structure in the electron bunch. A large number of electrons emit radiation coherently and the ra- diation intensity grows) Proceedings of EPAC 2004, Lucerne, Switzerland 2580 #12;x / mm y/mm a) -4 -2 0 2 4 -4 -2 0 2 x / mm y/mm b) -4

  18. Proprietary & Confidential Information NextEra Energy Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    and Canada. #12;11 Generation Repair & Service · 27 Employees · $20 MM Investment · $30 MM Inventory North American Parts & Services ·$2 MM Investment · $17 MM Inventory NextEra Energy Resources Iowa Service angles Exterior casing and auxiliary equipment (brakes, oil pumps, instrumentation and case deflection

  19. A Numeric Predictive Failure Model for Percussive Excavation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Alex Nicholas

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Densities, 500, 1250, and 1750 BPM, 70 mm Depth, 5 mm/s, ODensities, 0,500, and 1750 BPM, 70 mm Depth, 5 mm/s, 90 Ofrom 4.16 Hz to 29.16 Hz (250 BPM – 1750 BPM). In order to

  20. Increased flexibility in the delivery of ultrapure water The Milli-Q Advantage system offers flexibility in the quality and delivery of various ultrapure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    organic pollutants and microbiology.As these laboratory environments change, a broader range of techniques= 30 mM, t20= 30 mM, t21= 10 mM, t30= 10 mM). ADVERTISING FEATURE NATURE METHODS | DECEMBER 2006 | v

  1. Determining the transpiration rate of peach trees under two trickle irrigation regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodrigue, Paul Bryan

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    + I - R - D where ET = evapotranspiration, mm aSM = change in soil moisture, mm P = precipitation, mm I = irrigation, mm R = runoff, mm D = deep percolation, mm Equation (1) is useful only if all the parameters except one can be controlled... being limited to only 35 to 65 percent of the total orchard area. Wi lloughby and Cockroft (1974) observed the root changes of peach trees under trickle irrigation. They found the greatest concentration of live roots 300 to 600 mm (12 to 14 in) from...

  2. The distribution and abundance of the freshwater mussels (Bivalvia: Unionacea) of the Navasota River, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Littleton, Thomas Glynn

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    blackish- brown and the nacre is white with an iridescent blue along the post- erior edge. Shell measurements and ratios of the specimens collected were: Length: 37-112 mm; x= 87 mm. Height: 29- 90 mm; x= 65 mm. Width: 17- 57 mm; x 45 mm. H/L: . 673...-. 875; x . 761. W/L: . 400-, 623; x= . 522. Remarks: A. Elicata was the most abundant species collected, making up 25. 9X of the total number of mussels collected. It was 21 Plate l. Amblema ~licata (Say). Length of the specimen shown: 79 mm. 23...

  3. Analysis and Research on the Thermal Properties of Energy-efficient Building Glass: A Case Study in PVB Laminated Glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Z.; Meng, Q.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , are analyzed. The methods on usage of energy-saving glass are promoted based on the differences of their thermal properties. Meanwhile, a new kind of glass?PVB laminated glass (Fig.1), is introduced. Fl at cl ear gl ass 0. 05mmLOWE coati ng Fl at cl ear g... lass 3 mm( 5 mm) 0. 38mmPVB 3 mm( 5 mm) 0. 38mmPVB Fig. 1 Structure of PVB laminated glass ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Envelope Technologies for Building Energy Efficiency, Vol.II-4-5 2. EVALUATION STANDARDS OF SOLAR-OPTICAL PROPERTY The main...

  4. Imaging 103 Imaging Ca2+ Signals in Xenopus Oocytes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian

    Barth'ssolution(MBS):88mMNaCl,1mMKCl,2.4mMNaHCO3,0.82mMMgSO4, 0.33 mM Ca(NO3)2, 0.14 mM CaCl2, 5 mM N-2 mM NaCl, 2 mM KCl, 1.8 mM CaCl2, 5 mM HEPES, pH 7.3. Store at 4°C (see Note 4). 12. Glass

  5. 220023-2007USD iFOLD Protein Refolding Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    + 1.0 mM GSSG .0 mM GSH + 4.0 mM GSSG 1.0 mM EDTA 1.0 mM EDTA 1.0 mM each of CaCl2 and MgCl2 0.25 mM each of CaCl2 , MgCl2 , MnCl2 and ZnCl2 0.5 M GuHCl 0.5 or 1.0 M NDSB-201 0.5 or 1.0 M NDSB-25 20

  6. Solutions for Cortical Cell Cultures (for E17 to P0 cultures)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Anirvan

    /ml=35 mM) 100 mM CaCl2 5 ml (=1mM) 100 mM MgSO4 5 ml (=1mM) 1 M NaHCO3 2 ml (=4mM) Add sterile dH2O.45 ml 100 mM CaCl2 0.63 ml 1 M Hepes (7.4) 250 µl 1 M Glucose 5 ml Phenol Red (0.5%) 0.5 ml 0.1N NaOH 0

  7. Inhibitory circuits of the cortex : control of rhythmic and stimulus evoked activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atallah, Bassam V.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NaH2PO4, 1.3 mM MgCl2, 2.5 mM CaCl2, 26 mM NaHCO3 and 11 mMNaH2PO4, 3.3 mM MgSO4, 0.5 mM CaCl2, 26.2 mM NaHCO3, 72 mM2.5 KCl, 1.25 NaH2PO4, 0.5 CaCl2, 4 MgCl2, 25 NaHCO3, 75

  8. Engineering of Olfactory Receptor OlfCc1 for Directed Ligand Sensitivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berke, Allison Paige

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mM MgCl2, 25 mM HEPES, 1 mM CaCl2, pH 7.4) and 2µM Fluo-4, a25 mM HEPES, and 1 mM CaCl2, at pH 7.4. The concentration ofmM MgCl2, 25 mM HEPES, 1 mM CaCl2, pH 7.4) and 2µM Fluo-4, a

  9. A Wnt1 Regulated Frizzled-1/beta-Catenin Signaling Pathway as a Candidate Regulatory Circuit Controlling Mesencephalic Dopaminergic Neuron-Astrocyte Crosstalk : Therapeutical Relevance for Neuron Survival and Neuroprotection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L'Episcopo, Francesca; Serapide, Maria F; Tirolo, Cataldo; Testa, Nunzio; Caniglia, Salvatore; Morale, Maria C; Pluchino, Stefano; Marchetti, Bianca

    2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    M) of the DA-specific neurotoxins, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), or the active metabolite of MPTP, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine (MPP+). For antagonism studies, we used Dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1, R&D Systems, MN, USA 100 ng/ml). Dkk-1 is a high... designed a duplicate assay and b-actin was used exclusively as the housekeeping gene. The assay IDs were: Fzd-1, Mm00445405_s1; Fzd-2, Mm012504981_s1; Fzd-3, Mm00445423_m1; Fzd-4, Mm00433382_m1; Fzd- 5, Mm03053323_s1; Fzd-6, Mm00433383_M1; Fzd-7, Mm01255614...

  10. Validity of the WEPP model for predicting infiltration on irrigated lands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngang, Fidelis Ndemah

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pullman clay loam (August, 1994). . . . . . . . . 28 Table 2. Infiltration parameters for the modified Kostiakov Equation for sprinkler irrigated Pullman clay loam (August, 1994). . . 28 Table 3 Cumulative infiltration in mm after one hour...)] where: f is the infiltration capacity (mm/h) K, is the effective hydraulic conductivity (mm/h) N, is the effective matric potential (mm), and F is the total infiltrafion volume (mm). In equation 1, the effective matric potential, N? is computed...

  11. Dynamic regulation of proteasome function by neuronal activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Djakovic, Stevan Nicholas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with 1 mM MgCl2 and 0.1 CaCl2) with Triton X-100 (0.2%) andin mM: 119 NaCl, 5 KCl, 2 CaCl2, 2 MgCl2, 30 Glucose, 100.5 mM MgCl2, 1.26 mM CaCl2, 20 mM HEPES, pH 7.4) with 0.40

  12. The role of alpha4 containing nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in dopamine neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGranahan, Tresa Michelle

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NaCl, 2.4mM KCl, 3.2 mM CaCl2, 1.2 mM KH2PO4, 1.2 mM MgSO4,mM: NaCl, 144; KCl, 1.5; CaCl2, 2; MgSO4, 1; HEPES, 20; pH=

  13. 1999 Macmillan Magazines Ltd letters to nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    % ethanol, 3- PPA (0.5 mM) or naphthalene (6 mM), and H2O2 (10 mM) in the same buffer. Fluorescence% (v/v) ethanol, 50 mM naphthalene and 50 mM H2O2. After 1 h incubation, the products were extracted removed by ethanol precipitation (3Ã?). The final extracts were spotted on a thin- layer silica plate

  14. Factor Xa Kits TB205 8/98 Novagen 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    mM Tris-HCl pH 8.0, 100 mM NaCl, 5 mM CaCl2. A Cleavage Control Protein is included for conducting Xa, Restriction Grade (in 20 mM Tris-HCl pH 8.0, 500 mM NaCl, 2 mM CaCl2, 50% glycerol) · 10 µg Xa Dilution/Storage Buffer (20 mM Tris-HCl pH 8.0, 500 mM NaCl, 2 mM CaCl2, 50% glycerol) · 5 ml 10X Factor Xa

  15. Recombinant Enterokinase Kits TB150 8/98 Novagen 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    at 20°C in a buffer containing 20 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 50 mM NaCl, 2 mM CaCl2. A Cleavage Control Protein Recombinant Enterokinase (in 20 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 200 mM NaCl, 2 mM CaCl2, 50% glycerol) · 10 µg Cleavage/Storage Buffer (20 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 200 mM NaCl, 2 mM CaCl2, 50% glycerol) · 5 ml 10X rEK Cleavage

  16. Use of tamarisk as a potential feedstock for biofuel production.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Norman, Kirsten

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study assesses the energy and water use of saltcedar (or tamarisk) as biomass for biofuel production in a hypothetical sub-region in New Mexico. The baseline scenario consists of a rural stretch of the Middle Rio Grande River with 25% coverage of mature saltcedar that is removed and converted to biofuels. A manufacturing system life cycle consisting of harvesting, transportation, pyrolysis, and purification is constructed for calculating energy and water balances. On a dry short ton woody biomass basis, the total energy input is approximately 8.21 mmBTU/st. There is potential for 18.82 mmBTU/st of energy output from the baseline system. Of the extractable energy, approximately 61.1% consists of bio-oil, 20.3% bio-char, and 18.6% biogas. Water consumptive use by removal of tamarisk will not impact the existing rate of evapotranspiration. However, approximately 195 gal of water is needed per short ton of woody biomass for the conversion of biomass to biocrude, three-quarters of which is cooling water that can be recovered and recycled. The impact of salt presence is briefly assessed. Not accounted for in the baseline are high concentrations of Calcium, Sodium, and Sulfur ions in saltcedar woody biomass that can potentially shift the relative quantities of bio-char and bio-oil. This can be alleviated by a pre-wash step prior to the conversion step. More study is needed to account for the impact of salt presence on the overall energy and water balance.

  17. Bioinorganic tools and zinc selective inhibitors for matrix metalloproteinases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobsen, Faith E.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    20 mM HEPES, pH 7.0, 1 mM CaCl2, 0.1 mg/mL BSA, 0.01% Tween-MMP- 3: 50 mM MES, 10 mM CaCl2, 0.05% Brij-35, pH 6.0; MMP-1: 50 mM HEPES, 10 mM CaCl2, 0.05% Brij-35, pH 7.5).

  18. Two linear slot nozzle virtual impactors for concentration of bioaerosols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haglund, John Steven

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    circular path having a diameter of 152.4 mm (6.0?) and the resulting total slot length was 479 mm (18.8?). Multiple prototypes of the two configurations were constructed having nozzle widths that varied from 0.508 mm (0.015?) to 0.203 mm (0... slot width of 0.203 mm (0.008?). The second device, CSVI Unit 2, had a nominal acceleration slot width of 0.508 mm (0.020?). One significant difference in the manufacturing of the two devices was that, although both 20 were constructed from 7075...

  19. Characterization of resistance to the Mexican spittlebug complex Aeneolamia albofasciata (Lallemand) and Prosapia simulans (Walker) in selected buffelgrass genotypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Head, Henry Wesley

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of A. albofasciata average 0. 88 mm long by 0. 31 mm wide; those of P. simu- lans average 0. 98 mm by 0. 35 mm (Bodegas 1973), while an average of 1. 02 mm by 0. 35 mm have been recorded for P. bicincta (Fagan and Kuitert 1969) . Eggs deposited... period of 1 to 4 days (Ceballos 1972). The mating may take place within 48 hours or up to 9 days after emergence (Byers and Taliaferro 1969; Flores and Velasco 1974). In studies of Aeneolamia albofasciata under laboratory conditions a notable...

  20. DOE Will Dispose of 34 Metric Tons of Plutonium by Turning it...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    plutonium to meet the non-proliferation goals agreed to by the United States and Russia in September 2000. Eliminating immobilization from the disposition pathway saves...

  1. DOE to Remove 200 Metric Tons of Highly Enriched Uranium from...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy and NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation Project with Kazakhstan U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting 20,000 Russian Nuclear...

  2. 9,355,469 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of January 29, 2015...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Unit of the Anadarko Basin. Learn more about the DOE's RCSP Program. Major Demonstrations Air Products.jpg Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., is...

  3. Saving Tons at the Register Iain Walker, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Modera 1991). As a result, the "market" for residential ducts is slowly transforming. Energy codes have are additional potential benefits from HVAC system optimization that are made possible by duct improvements

  4. Removal of 1,082-Ton Reactor Among Richland Operations Office...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    so the plant can be torn down. Nearly 2,000 capsules of highly radioactive cesium and strontium need to be removed from water-filled storage basins and placed in dry storage....

  5. The BosTon College Chroniclefebruary 14, 2008-vol. 16 no. 11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    , who commutes from his home in Wakefield each day to an extended on-ice session at the Boston Skating accompany his older sister to a lo- cal rink. His skill on the blades was quickly recognized and his parents en- rolled him in a US Figure Skating Ba- sic Skills Program at the Stoneham Rink, the skating home

  6. U.S. Manufacturers Save $1 Billion, 11 Million Tons of CO2 through...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    WASHINGTON - Underscoring the Obama Administration's efforts to double energy productivity by 2030 and help businesses save money and energy, the Energy Department today...

  7. Hybrid 320 Ton Off Highway Haul Truck: Quarterly Technical Status Report 13

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tim Richter

    2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This thirteenth quarterly status report for the Hybrid Off Highway Vehicle (OHV) project, DOE Award DE-FC04-02AL68080 presents the project status at the end of December 2005, and covers activities in the thirteenth project quarter, October 2005 ? December 2005.

  8. Hybrid 320 Ton Off Highway Haul Truck: Quarterly Technical Status Report 8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tim Richter

    2004-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The vehicle model has been improved with coastdown testing. The hybrid system was simplified by moving to one battery technology. Full-scale testing apparatus is under construction; majority of parts are ordered and received.

  9. Hybrid 320 Ton Off Highway Haul Truck: Quarterly Technical Status Report 10

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tim Richter

    2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This tenth quarterly status report for the Hybrid Off Highway Vehicle (OHV) project, DOE Award DE-FC04-2002AL68080 presents the project status at the end of March 2005, and covers activities in the tenth project quarter, January-March 2005.

  10. Hybrid 320 Ton Off Highway Haul Truck: Quarterly Technical Status Report 9

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tim Richter

    2005-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This ninth quarterly status report for the Hybrid Off Highway Vehicle (OHV) project, DOE Award DEFC04- 2002AL68080 presents the project status at the end of December 2004, and covers activities in the ninth project quarter, October - December 2004.

  11. Hybrid 240 Ton Off Highway Haul Truck: Quarterly Technical Status Report 18

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tim Richter

    2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This eighteenth quarterly status report for the Hybrid Off Highway Vehicle (OHV) project, DOE Award DE-FC04-02AL68080 presents the project status at the end of March 2007, and covers activities in the eighteenth project quarter, January 2007 – March 2007.

  12. Hybrid 320 Ton Off Highway Haul Truck: Quarterly Technical Status Report 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo

    2004-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Bench scale demonstration results have been analyzed. Power and control circuit interface designs have been carried out.

  13. 9,030,305 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of January 6, 2015 ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    210,526 passenger vehicles. The projects currently injecting CO2 within DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program and the Major Demonstration Program are detailed...

  14. Manufacturing capabilities of high power electron beam furnaces for melting ignots to 40 tons in weight

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boiko, Ju.P.; Braim, V.P.; Kormitch, A.T.; Zorin, G.V.; Kostenuk, Ju.V.; Nikitin, V.S.; Pokrovsky, S.V.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A tendency to using special technologies of melting steels and alloys to get large ingots free of macrodefects and shrinking shells used to provide defectless products, ensuring an increase of ingot-to-product yield is well known. The electron beam furnace process improves the economical efficiency of production of large ingots, slabs for rolling mills, where high quality of special purpose steels and alloys is required. Metals, made by means of electron beam melting can be used for power, nuclear and chemical machine-buildings, aircraft and automotive, instrument and bearing productions, injection moulds and moulds for cold rollings, magnetic and titanium alloys, ship shafts, propellers and high speed power turbine parts. Melting technologies, which is one of the most important stages in production of steels and alloys, predetermines a required quality of metals and alloys to get the following characteristics of remelted metals: impact strength; isotropy of properties in central and surface zones of ingots; fatigue strength and resistance under mechanical and heat loads; corrosion resistance to attack by aggressive media; and polishing properties. The furnace is equipped with five electron beam guns, type EH-1200/50 and pumps for pumping out cavities of technological equipments: melting and ingot chambers, charging devices.

  15. Babcock and Wilcox BR-100 100-ton rail/barge spent fuel shipping cask

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Preliminary Design Report (PDR) provides a detailed description of the design, analyses, and testing programs for the BR-100 cask. The BR-100 is a Type B(U) cask designed for transport by rail or barge. This report presents the preliminary analyses and tests which have been performed for the BR-100 and outlines the confirmatory analyses and tests which will be performed.

  16. The BosTon College ChronicleoCtober 2, 2008-vol. 17 no. 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    - national Human Resources Devel- opment Corporation (IHRDC), a worldwide leader in training and competency development for the oil and gas industry, and the Ar- lington Storage Corporation. "This gift responds services and Web-based knowledge and virtual learning systems to the oil, gas and power industry worldwide

  17. (Data in metric tons1 of silver content unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , electronics, electroplating, medical and wound care, mirrors, solar energy, and water purification. Salient base8 2004 2005e United States 1,250 1,300 25,000 80,000 Australia 2,240 2,250 31,000 37,000 Canada 1

  18. (Data in metric tons1 of silver content, unless otherwise noted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,250 2,000 Shipments from Government stockpile excesses 220 232 109 -- -- Consumption, apparent NA NA 4 and technical uses. Industrial and technical uses include photographic materials, electrical products, catalysts,360 1,700 1,700 Imports for consumption2 3,250 3,010 2,540 3,330 2,800 Exports2 2,890 2,950 3,080 2

  19. 9,959,066 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of March 26, 2015 |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    210,526 passenger vehicles. The projects currently injecting CO2 within DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program and the Major Demonstration Program are detailed...

  20. 9,932,381 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of March 18, 2015 |...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    210,526 passenger vehicles. The projects currently injecting CO2 within DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program and the Major Demonstration Program are detailed...