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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Evaluation of the NucleDyne Passive Containment System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This reports contains: (1) an evaluation by Gilbert/Commonwealth (G/C) of the NucleDyne passive Containment System (PCS) as that conceptual design is applied to a Westinghouse, two loop, Pressurized Water Reactor; (2) an evaluation by Westinghouse of two questions about the impact of the PCS on the Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS), which were posed by G/C and best answered by an NSSS vendor; and (3) replies to both the Gilbert/Commonwealth report and the Westinghoue report by NucleDyne Engineering Corporation.

None

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

A 150-Ton Universal Structure Testing Machine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... 150-ton universal structure testing machine for Short Bros, and Harland, Ltd. (Engineer, December 26, pp. 594596). ...

C. F. TIPPER

1948-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

3

(Data in metric tons of silver content unless otherwise noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

60 to 90 tons of silver that is reclaimed and recycled annually from photographic wastewater. Import in photographic wastewater may be recycled. Silver demand for use in coins, electronics, industrial applications Recycling: In 2010, approximately 1,600 tons of silver was recovered from old and new scrap. This includes

4

Tons of Heavy Metals in Mill Creek Sediments Heather Freeman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

objectives for this summer research were to: 1.) determine how much heavy metal pollution has accumulatedTons of Heavy Metals in Mill Creek Sediments Heather Freeman 8/30/99 Geology Department Advisors: Dr. Kees DeJong Dr. Barry Manyard Dr. David Nash #12;Tons of heavy metals in Mill Creek sediments

Maynard, J. Barry

5

Department of Energy Releases New 'Billion-Ton' Study Highlighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

'Billion-Ton' Study 'Billion-Ton' Study Highlighting Opportunities for Growth in Bioenergy Resources Department of Energy Releases New 'Billion-Ton' Study Highlighting Opportunities for Growth in Bioenergy Resources August 10, 2011 - 3:41pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy today released a report - 2011 U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry - detailing U.S. biomass feedstock potential nationwide. The report examines the nation's capacity to produce a billion dry tons of biomass resources annually for energy uses without impacting other vital U.S. farm and forest products, such as food, feed, and fiber crops. The study provides industry, policymakers, and the agricultural community with county-level data and includes analyses of

6

Hanford Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal Mark  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal Mark Shows Success Cleaning Up River Corridor Hanford Landfill Reaches 15 Million Tons Disposed - Waste Disposal Mark Shows Success Cleaning Up River Corridor July 9, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE, (509) 376-5365 Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov Mark McKenna, WCH, (509) 372-9032 media@wch-rcc.com RICHLAND, Wash. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors have disposed of 15 million tons of contaminated material at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF) since the facility began operations in 1996. Removing contaminated material and providing for its safe disposal prevents contaminants from reaching the groundwater and the Columbia River. ERDF receives contaminated soil, demolition debris, and solid waste from

7

Operational and maintenance manual, 100 ton hydraulic trailer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 100 ton hydraulic trailer is used to remove the mitigation pump from Tank 241SY101. This manual explains how to inspect, operate, and maintain the trailer in a state of readiness.

Koons, B.M.

1995-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

8

(Data in metric tons1 of gold content, unless noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combined production accounted for nearly 80% of the U.S. total. The trend for recent U.S. gold exploration68 GOLD (Data in metric tons1 of gold content, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: Gold was recovered as a byproduct of processing base metals, chiefly copper. Twenty-five lode mines yielded

9

Factory Acceptance Test Procedure Westinghouse 100 ton Hydraulic Trailer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Factory Acceptance Test Procedure (FAT) is for the Westinghouse 100 Ton Hydraulic Trailer. The trailer will be used for the removal of the 101-SY pump. This procedure includes: safety check and safety procedures; pre-operation check out; startup; leveling trailer; functional/proofload test; proofload testing; and rolling load test.

Aftanas, B.L. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

10

ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of hafnium metal was insignificant. Import Sources (1997-2000): Zirconium ores and concentrates: South Africa%; Germany, 7%; United Kingdom, 2%; and other, 9%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12 Stockpile, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) held over 500 tons of zirconium in various forms. DOE also

11

ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Import Sources (1995-98): Zirconium ores and concentrates: South Africa, 53%; Australia, 45%; and other Kingdom, 4%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12/31/99 Zirconium ores and concentrates 2615.S. Department of Energy (DOE) held over 500 tons of zirconium in various forms. DOE also maintained a supply

12

ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of hafnium metal was insignificant. Import Sources (1998-2001): Zirconium ores and concentrates: South Africa%; Germany, 8%; United Kingdom, 3%; and other, 9%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12,838 short tons) of zirconium ore (baddeleyite) during fiscal year 2002. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE

13

ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was insignificant. Import Sources (1996-99): Zirconium ores and concentrates: South Africa, 56%; Australia, 41, 4%; and other, 9%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade Relations 12/31/00 Zirconium ores.S. Department of Energy (DOE) held over 500 tons of zirconium in various forms. DOE also maintained a stockpile

14

1,153-ton Waste Vault Removed from 300 Area - Vault held waste...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

1,153-ton Waste Vault Removed from 300 Area - Vault held waste tanks with contamination from Hanford's former laboratory facilities 1,153-ton Waste Vault Removed from 300 Area -...

15

(Data in metric tons1 of silver content unless otherwise noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This includes 60 to 90 tons of silver that are reclaimed and recycled annually from photographic wastewater 53 61 65 Recycling: Approximately 1,000 tons of silver was recovered from old and new scrap in 2006

16

Photo of the Week: Smashing Atoms with 80-ton Magnets | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Smashing Atoms with 80-ton Magnets Photo of the Week: Smashing Atoms with 80-ton Magnets April 11, 2014 - 1:32pm Addthis The cyclotron, invented by Ernest Lawrence in the 1930s, is...

17

Transportation system benefits of early deployment of a 75-ton multipurpose canister system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1993 the US Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System (CRWMS) began developing two multipurpose canister (MPC) systems to provide a standardized method for interim storage and transportation of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) at commercial nuclear power plants. One is a 75-ton concept with an estimated payload of about 6 metric tons (t) of SNF, and the other is a 125-ton concept with an estimated payload of nearly 11 t of SNF. These payloads are two to three times the payloads of the largest currently certified US rail transport casks, the IF-300. Although is it recognized that a fully developed 125-ton MPC system is likely to provide a greater cost benefit, and radiation exposure benefit than the lower-capacity 75-ton MPC, the authors of this paper suggest that development and deployment of the 75-ton MPC prior to developing and deploying a 125-ton MPC is a desirable strategy. Reasons that support this are discussed in this paper.

Wankerl, M.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Schmid, S.P. [Science Applications International Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

18

1000ton testing machine for cyclic fatigue tests of materials at liquid nitrogen temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the main tasks of superconductive magnets R and D is to determine the mechanical and fatigue properties of structural materials and the critical design elements in the cryogenic temperature range. This paper describes a new facility built based on the industrial 1000-ton (10 MN) testing machine Schenk PC10.0S. Special equipment was developed to provide the mechanical and cyclic tensile fatigue tests of large-scale samples at the liquid nitrogen temperature and in a given load range. The main feature of the developed testing machine is the cryostat, in which the device converting a standard compression force of the testing machine to the tensile force affected at the test object is placed. The control system provides the remote control of the test and obtaining, processing and presentation of test data. As an example of the testing machine operation the test program and test results of the cyclic tensile fatigue tests of fullscale helium inlet sample of the PF1 coil ITER are presented.

Khitruk, A. A.; Klimchenko, Yu. A.; Kovalchuk, O. A.; Marushin, E. L.; Mednikov, A. A.; Nasluzov, S. N.; Privalova, E. K.; Rodin, I. Yu.; Stepanov, D. B.; Sukhanova, M. V. [The D.V. Efremov Scientific Research Institute of Electrophysical Apparatus (NIIEFA), 3 Doroga na Metallostroy, Metallostroy, Saint Petersburg 196641 (Russian Federation)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

19

Acceptance test report for the Westinghouse 100 ton hydraulic trailer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SY-101 Equipment Removal System 100 Ton Hydraulic Trailer was designed and built by KAMP Systems, Inc. Performance of the Acceptance Test Procedure at KAMP`s facility in Ontario, California (termed Phase 1 in this report) was interrupted by discrepancies noted with the main hydraulic cylinder. The main cylinder was removed and sent to REMCO for repair while the trailer was sent to Lampson`s facility in Pasco, Washington. The Acceptance Test Procedure was modified and performance resumed at Lampson (termed Phase 2 in this report) after receipt of the repaired cylinder. At the successful conclusion of Phase 2 testing the trailer was accepted as meeting all the performance criteria specified.

Barrett, R.A.

1995-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

20

Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery Act Funds Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery Act Funds The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project reached its primary American Recovery and Reinvestment Act milestone ahead of schedule on Wednesday with the disposal of 2 million tons of uranium mill tailings. The project had originally planned to ship 2 million tons of tailings with Recovery Act funds. Now, Recovery Act workers are surpassing that goal. Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery Act Funds More Documents & Publications EIS-0355: Record of Decision EIS-0355: Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0355: Final Environmental Impact Statement

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) October 8, 2013 - 2:22pm Addthis Vary equipment size, energy cost, hours of operation, and /or efficiency level. INPUT SECTION Input the following data (if any parameter is missing, calculator will set to default value). Defaults Project Type New Installation Replacement New Installation Condenser Type Air Source Water Source Air Source Existing Capacity * ton - Existing Cooling Efficiency * EER - Existing Heating Efficiency * COP - Existing IPLV Efficiency * IPLV - New Capacity ton 10 tons New Cooling Efficiency EER 10.1 EER New Heating Efficiency COP 3.2 COP New IPLV Efficiency IPLV 10.4 IPLV Energy Cost $ per kWh $0.06 per kWh

22

U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An update to the 2005 report, "Biomass as a Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply"

23

Climate forcing Climate forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parameters (solar distance factors) solar luminosity moon orbit volcanoes and other geothermal sources,000 years (large panels) and since 1750 (inset panels). Measurements are shown from ice cores (symbols forcings are shown on the right hand axes of the large panels. {Figure 6.4} !"#$#%&'(!&#)$&*$+#$,-.$/0

MacKinnon, Jennifer

24

Disposal Facility Reaches 15-Million-Ton Milestone | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Disposal Facility Reaches 15-Million-Ton Milestone Disposal Facility Reaches 15-Million-Ton Milestone Disposal Facility Reaches 15-Million-Ton Milestone July 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Matt McCormick, manager of the Richland Operations Office, commends a large group of Hanford workers for the 15-million-ton milestone at a public event at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility. Matt McCormick, manager of the Richland Operations Office, commends a large group of Hanford workers for the 15-million-ton milestone at a public event at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility. RICHLAND, Wash. - EM's Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF) - a massive landfill for low-level radioactive and hazardous waste at the Hanford site - has achieved a major cleanup milestone. Since beginning operations in 1996, workers supporting the Richland

25

U.S. Removes Nine Metric Tons of Plutonium From Nuclear Weapons Stockpile |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Removes Nine Metric Tons of Plutonium From Nuclear Weapons Removes Nine Metric Tons of Plutonium From Nuclear Weapons Stockpile U.S. Removes Nine Metric Tons of Plutonium From Nuclear Weapons Stockpile September 17, 2007 - 2:41pm Addthis Declaration Reinforces U.S. Commitment to Nonproliferation VIENNA, AUSTRIA - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today announced that the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) will remove nine metric tons of plutonium from further use as fissile material in U.S. nuclear weapons, signifying the Bush Administration's ongoing commitment to nonproliferation. Nine metric tons of plutonium is enough material to make over 1,000 nuclear weapons. The Secretary made today's announcement while speaking before the International Atomic Energy Agency's annual general conference.

26

Billion-Ton Update: Home-Grown Energy Resources Across the Nation |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Billion-Ton Update: Home-Grown Energy Resources Across the Nation Billion-Ton Update: Home-Grown Energy Resources Across the Nation Billion-Ton Update: Home-Grown Energy Resources Across the Nation August 11, 2011 - 3:59pm Addthis Total potential biomass resources by county in the contiguous U.S. from the baseline scenario of the Update (Figure 6.4, page 159) | Map from Billion-Ton Update Total potential biomass resources by county in the contiguous U.S. from the baseline scenario of the Update (Figure 6.4, page 159) | Map from Billion-Ton Update Paul Bryan Biomass Program Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? With continued developments in biorefinery capacity and technology, the feedstock resources identified in the report could produce about 85 billion gallons of biofuels -- enough to replace approximately 30 percent

27

U.S. Removes Nine Metric Tons of Plutonium From Nuclear Weapons Stockpile |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

U.S. Removes Nine Metric Tons of Plutonium From Nuclear Weapons U.S. Removes Nine Metric Tons of Plutonium From Nuclear Weapons Stockpile U.S. Removes Nine Metric Tons of Plutonium From Nuclear Weapons Stockpile September 17, 2007 - 2:41pm Addthis Declaration Reinforces U.S. Commitment to Nonproliferation VIENNA, AUSTRIA - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today announced that the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) will remove nine metric tons of plutonium from further use as fissile material in U.S. nuclear weapons, signifying the Bush Administration's ongoing commitment to nonproliferation. Nine metric tons of plutonium is enough material to make over 1,000 nuclear weapons. The Secretary made today's announcement while speaking before the International Atomic Energy Agency's annual general conference.

28

6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site 6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site 6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site June 18, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Donald Metzler, Moab Federal Project Director (970) 257-2115 Wendee Ryan, S&K Aerospace Public Affairs Manager (970) 257-2145 (Grand Junction, CO) - Today, the Department of Energy (DOE) announced that 6 million tons of uranium mill tailings have been shipped from Moab, Utah, under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project to an engineered disposal cell near Crescent Junction, Utah. The shipments mark continued progress toward relocating the 16-million-ton uranium mill tailings pile away from the Colorado River. "The federal budget continues to be stretched thin, and I am proud this

29

6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site 6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site 6 Million Tons of Mill Tailings Removed From DOE Moab Project Site June 18, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Donald Metzler, Moab Federal Project Director (970) 257-2115 Wendee Ryan, S&K Aerospace Public Affairs Manager (970) 257-2145 (Grand Junction, CO) - Today, the Department of Energy (DOE) announced that 6 million tons of uranium mill tailings have been shipped from Moab, Utah, under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project to an engineered disposal cell near Crescent Junction, Utah. The shipments mark continued progress toward relocating the 16-million-ton uranium mill tailings pile away from the Colorado River. "The federal budget continues to be stretched thin, and I am proud this

30

Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Reaches 5 Million Tons Disposed: Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Reaches 5 Million Tons Disposed: Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Reaches 5 Million Tons Disposed: Project Accomplishes Milestone While Doing it Safely Moab Mill Tailings Removal Project Reaches 5 Million Tons Disposed: Project Accomplishes Milestone While Doing it Safely February 27, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Donald Metzler, Moab Federal Project Director, (970) 257-2115 Wendee Ryan, S&K Aerospace Public Affairs Manager, (970) 257-2145 Grand Junction, CO- The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reached another milestone today for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project, having shipped 5 million tons of tailings from the massive pile located in Moab, Utah, to the engineered disposal cell near Crescent Junction, Utah. The pile comprised an estimated 16 million tons total when DOE's Remedial

31

DOE-Sponsored Mississippi Project Hits 1-Million-Ton Milestone for Injected  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mississippi Project Hits 1-Million-Ton Milestone for Mississippi Project Hits 1-Million-Ton Milestone for Injected CO2 DOE-Sponsored Mississippi Project Hits 1-Million-Ton Milestone for Injected CO2 November 5, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A large-scale carbon dioxide (CO2) storage project in Mississippi has become the fifth worldwide to reach the important milestone of more than 1 million tons injected. As a result, it is helping to both further carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a mitigation strategy for global climate change and move forward G-8 recommendations for launching 20 projects of this type internationally by 2010. The project, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE), is located at the Cranfield site in Southwestern Mississippi. It is led by the Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration

32

Moab Project Disposes 2 Million Tons of Uranium Mill Tailings with Recovery Act Funds  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action The Moab Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project reached its primary American Recovery and Reinvestment Act milestone ahead of schedule on Wednesday with the disposal of 2 million tons of uranium mill tailings. The project had originally planned to ship 2 million tons of tailings with Recovery Act funds. Now, Recovery Act workers are surpass- ing that goal. "Although shipping 2 million tons was the original Recovery Act goal, we are planning to exceed this goal by shipping about 300,000 tons more using savings resulting from efficiencies we've gained in our first 2 years of moving tailings," Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler said. The project is using $108 million from the Recovery Act to move the tailings from the banks of the Colorado River by rail to a permanent

33

Moab Marks 6-Million-Ton Cleanup Milestone | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Moab Marks 6-Million-Ton Cleanup Milestone Moab Marks 6-Million-Ton Cleanup Milestone Moab Marks 6-Million-Ton Cleanup Milestone June 20, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis At Tuesday's Grand County Council meeting in Utah, Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler, center, moves a piece from a plaque representing Moab’s uranium mill tailings pile to a plaque representing the disposal cell in recognition of the site achieving a milestone by shipping 6 million tons of the tailings. Grand County Council Chair Gene Ciarus is on the left and Grand County Council Vice Chair Lynn Jackson is on the right. At Tuesday's Grand County Council meeting in Utah, Moab Federal Project Director Donald Metzler, center, moves a piece from a plaque representing Moab's uranium mill tailings pile to a plaque representing the disposal

34

DOE to Remove 200 Metric Tons of Highly Enriched Uranium from U.S. Nuclear  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Remove 200 Metric Tons of Highly Enriched Uranium from U.S. to Remove 200 Metric Tons of Highly Enriched Uranium from U.S. Nuclear Weapons Stockpile DOE to Remove 200 Metric Tons of Highly Enriched Uranium from U.S. Nuclear Weapons Stockpile November 7, 2005 - 12:38pm Addthis Will Be Redirected to Naval Reactors, Down-blended or Used for Space Programs WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today announced that the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) will remove up to 200 metric tons (MT) of Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU), in the coming decades, from further use as fissile material in U.S. nuclear weapons and prepare this material for other uses. Secretary Bodman made this announcement while addressing the 2005 Carnegie International Nonproliferation Conference in Washington, DC.

35

DOE Moab Project Safely Removes 7 Million Tons of Mill Tailings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

(Grand Junction, CO) ? The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has safely moved another million tons of uranium mill tailings from the Moab site in Utah under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project.

36

9,248,559 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of January 16, 2015  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOEs Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is equivalent to the...

37

Experimental studies of 1 ton/day coal slurry feed type oxygen blown, entrained flow gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental Studies of a 1 Ton/Day coal slurry feed type oxygen blown, entrained flow gasifier have been performed with the slurry concentration and gasifier temperature at 65% and above 1,300...2.../coal feed r...

Young-Chan Choi; Tae-Jun Park; Jae-Ho Kim

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

9,449,421 Metric Tons of CO2 Injected as of February 12, 2015...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

This carbon dioxide (CO2) has been injected in the United States as part of DOE's Clean Coal Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. One million metric tons of CO2 is...

39

U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproduct...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

GW. 1986. Biomass production from herbaceous plant. In biomass energy development. WH Smith (ed.). Plenum Press, New York, NY. pp. 163-175. 165 U.S. BILLION-TON UPDATE: BIOMASS...

40

Nuclear forces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

These lectures present an introduction into the theory of nuclear forces. We focus mainly on the modern approach, in which the forces between nucleons emerge from low-energy QCD via chiral effective field theory.

Machleidt, R. [Department of Physics, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844 (United States)

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

DOE Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of CO2 in Michigan Basin |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of CO2 in Michigan Basin Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of CO2 in Michigan Basin DOE Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of CO2 in Michigan Basin February 27, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- Building on an initial injection project of 10,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) into a Michigan geologic formation, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) team of regional partners has begun injecting 50,000 additional tons into the formation, which is believed capable of storing hundreds of years worth of CO2, a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. DOE's Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP), led by Battelle of Columbus, Ohio, began injecting the CO2 this week in the Michigan Basin near Gaylord, Mich., in a deep saline formation, the Silurian-age Bass Island dolomite. The MRCSP is one of seven partnerships

42

NETL: News Release - DOE Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of Carbon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

February 27, 2009 February 27, 2009 DOE Partner Begins Injecting 50,000 Tons of Carbon Dioxide in Michigan Basin Project Expected to Advance National Carbon Sequestration Program, Create Jobs Washington, DC-Building on an initial injection project of 10,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) into a Michigan geologic formation, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) team of regional partners has begun injecting 50,000 additional tons into the formation, which is believed capable of storing hundreds of years worth of CO2, a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. MORE INFO Learn more about DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program DOE's Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP), led by Battelle of Columbus, Ohio, began injecting the CO2 this week in the

43

NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative Removes More Than One Ton of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Removes More Than One Ton of Removes More Than One Ton of Food | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative Removes More ... NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative Removes More Than One Ton of Food Posted By Office of Public Affairs Contributing to DOE/NNSA's efforts to support the Office of Personnel

44

NETL: News Release - DOE Regional Partnerships Find Up To 3.5 Billion Tons  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7, 2007 7, 2007 DOE Regional Partnerships Find More Than 3,500 Billion Tons of Possible CO2 Storage Capacity Atlas Details Stationary Sources and Geologic Reservoirs in U.S. and Canada WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships have identified the powerplant and other stationary sources of more than 3.8 billion tons a year of the greenhouse gas CO2 in the United States and Canada and companion candidate storage capacity for more than 3,500 billion tons. The results are detailed in the new Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada which became available online today. MORE INFO Link to NETL's Carbon Sequestration Atlas web page Link to the Interactive Carbon Sequestration Atlas Learn more about DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership program

45

In-field remediation of tons of heavy metal-rich waste by Joule heating vitrification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An in-field remediation method of tons of Pb and Zn-rich ceramic waste based on Joule heating vitrification is presented. The progressive heating up to about 1850C led to the complete melting of the waste material and the rapid cooling of the melt formed a monolithic glass of 55tons. The obtained glass was chemically and morphologically homogeneous and immobilized the heavy metals and non-volatile inorganic compounds. The occurrence of crystalline phases such as zircon and cordierite was observed in the lowermost part of the monolith due to the different cooling rate. Leaching tests showed that the vitrified monolith presented a high chemical resistance and metal ions were immobilized into the glass matrix. The presented in-field vitrification process was highly effective in the remediation of tons of heavy metal-rich materials and can be exploited further for remediation of large amounts of soils and asbestos-based materials.

Francesco Dellisanti; Piermaria L. Rossi; Giovanni Valdr

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Protective Force  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes requirements for management and operation of the DOE Protective Force (PF), establishes requirements for firearms operations and defines the firearms courses of fire. Cancels: DOE M 473.2-1A DOE M 473.2-2

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

47

Photo of the Week: An Incredible Journey -- Transporting a 50-ton Magnet |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

An Incredible Journey -- Transporting a 50-ton An Incredible Journey -- Transporting a 50-ton Magnet Photo of the Week: An Incredible Journey -- Transporting a 50-ton Magnet July 11, 2013 - 4:38pm Addthis The Muon g-2 (pronounced gee minus two) is an experiment that will use the Fermilab accelerator complex to create an intense beam of muons -- a type of subatomic particle -- traveling at the speed of light. The experiment is picking up after a previous muon experiment at Brookhaven National Laboratory, which concluded in 2001. In this photo, the massive electromagnet is beginning its 3,200-mile journey from the woods of Long Island to the plains near Chicago, where scientists at Fermilab will refill its storage ring with muons created at Fermilab’s Antiproton Source. The 50-foot-diameter ring is made of steel, aluminum and superconducting wire. It will travel down the East Coast, around the tip of Florida, and up the Mississippi River to Fermilab in Illinois. Transporting the 50-ton device by truck requires meticulous precision -- just a tilt or a twist of a few degrees could leave the internal wiring irreparably damaged.

48

Engineering safety evaluation for 22 ton steel disposal box lifting bail design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this analysis is to design and analyze the lifting bail of the 22 Ton Steel Waste Disposal Box (SWDB). The new design takes the original lifting bail and adds a hinge allowing the top portion of the bail to fold over towards the lid.

BOEHNKE, W.M.

1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

49

2 million tons per year: A performing biofuels supply chain for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2 million tons per year: A performing biofuels supply chain for EU aviation NOTE It is understood that in the context of this text the term "biofuel(s) use in aviation" categorically implies "sustainably produced biofuel(s)" according to the EU legislation. June 2011 #12;2 This technical paper was drafted

50

Fertilizer and Nitrogen 1 billion tons of artificial nitrogen fertilizer used annually.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fertilizer and Nitrogen 1 billion tons of artificial nitrogen fertilizer used annually. Emissions. (fertilizers that use nitric acid or ammonium bicarbonate result in emissions of nitrogen oxides, nitrous oxide, ammonia and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.) ~Indirect: Phosphorus in excess causes eutrophication

Toohey, Darin W.

51

Energy Department Project Captures and Stores One Million Metric Tons of Carbon  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

As part of President Obamas all-of-the-above energy strategy, the Department of Energy announced today that its Illinois Basin-Decatur Project successfully captured and stored one million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) and injected it into a deep saline formation.

52

TITANIUM AND TITANIUM DIOXIDE1 (Data in metric tons, unless otherwise noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stockpile Center continued to solicit offers for the sale of titanium sponge held in the Government-grade sponge. For fiscal year 2001, 4,540 tons of titanium sponge is being offered for sale. Stockpile Status for disposal FY 2000 FY 2000 Titanium sponge 19,100 3,390 19,100 4,540 4,240 Ev

53

Energy Department Project Captures and Stores more than One Million Metric Tons of CO2  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

WASHINGTON Following the one year mark since the release of the Presidents Climate Action Plan, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - in partnership with Air Products and Chemicals Inc. today announced a major milestone, successfully capturing more than one million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) at the hydrogen-production facility in Port Arthur, Texas.

54

Protective Force  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes requirements for management and operation of the DOE Protective Force, establishes requirements for firearms operations and defines the firearms courses of fire. Chg 1 dated 3/7/06. DOE M 470.4-3A cancels DOE M 470.4-3, Chg 1, Protective Force, dated 3-7-06, Attachment 2, Contractor Requirement Document (CRD) only (except for Section C). Chg 1, dated 3-7-06, cancels DOE M 470.4-3

2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

55

(Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2012 increased by 4% to about 1.15 million tons,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

48 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2012 increased by 4% to about 1.15 million tons of production--accounted for more than 99% of domestic mine production; copper also was recovered in Alaska

56

(Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2011 increased slightly to about 1.1 million tons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

48 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2011 increased slightly to about 1.1 million tons order of production--accounted for more than 99% of domestic mine production; copper also was recovered

57

(Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2013 increased by 4% to about 1.22 million tons,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

48 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: U.S. mine production of copper in 2013 increased by 4% to about 1.22 million tons of production--accounted for more than 99% of domestic mine production; copper also was recovered in Idaho

58

U.S. Manufacturers Save $1 Billion, 11 Million Tons of CO2 through Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » U.S. Manufacturers Save $1 Billion, 11 Million Tons of CO2 through Energy Efficiency Investments U.S. Manufacturers Save $1 Billion, 11 Million Tons of CO2 through Energy Efficiency Investments September 25, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Underscoring the Obama Administration's efforts to double energy productivity by 2030 and help businesses save money and energy, the Energy Department today recognized more than 120 manufacturers that are making smart investments to save on energy costs, cut greenhouse gas emissions and improve their bottom lines. Through the Department's Better Buildings, Better Plants Program (Better Plants), over 1,750 plants across the United States have saved about $1 billion in energy costs and

59

Cleanup of 77 Waste Sites Meets Two TPA Milestones: 1.2 million tons of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cleanup of 77 Waste Sites Meets Two TPA Milestones: 1.2 million Cleanup of 77 Waste Sites Meets Two TPA Milestones: 1.2 million tons of soil and debris disposed of from D, H Reactor Areas Cleanup of 77 Waste Sites Meets Two TPA Milestones: 1.2 million tons of soil and debris disposed of from D, H Reactor Areas January 11, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov Dieter Bohrmann, Ecology (509) 372-7954, Dieter.Bohrmann@ecy.wa.gov Emerald Laija, EPA (509) 376-4919, Laija.Emerald@epamail.epa.gov RICHLAND, WASH. - Department of Energy (DOE) contractor, Washington Closure Hanford, recently cleaned up 77 waste sites at Hanford to meet two Tri-Party Agreement (TPA) milestones before the end of 2011. The waste sites were located in the D and H Reactor Areas at Hanford along

60

NETL: News Release - DOE-Sponsored Mississippi Project Hits 1-Million-Ton  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5, 2009 5, 2009 DOE-Sponsored Mississippi Project Hits 1-Million-Ton Milestone for Injected CO2 Project Helping Further CCS Technology and Meeting G-8 Goals for Deployment Washington, D.C. -A large-scale carbon dioxide (CO2) storage project in Mississippi has become the fifth worldwide to reach the important milestone of more than 1 million tons injected. As a result, it is helping to both further carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a mitigation strategy for global climate change and move forward G-8 recommendations for launching 20 projects of this type internationally by 2010. MORE INFO Learn more about DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program Link to SECARB web site The project, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE), is located at the Cranfield site in Southwestern

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

(Data in thousand metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2004, clay and shale production was reported in 41 States. About 240  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

million tons. The 49 million tons probably includes crude clay production tonnages which contain E Recycling: Insignificant. Import Sources (2000-03): Brazil, 68%; Mexico, 9%; United Kingdom, 8 probably includes crude clay production which contains significant water content. Compensating

62

Nuclear Forces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One-meson-exchange Feynman diagrams are nonrelativistically reduced and unitarized via Schrdinger's equation. Properties of nucleon-nucleon scattering are calculated at incident laboratory energies of 25-310 MeV. Bound-state properties of the deuteron and of nuclear matter are also calculated. Mesons included are the ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, and ?. Very good over-all agreement with the experimental data is obtained. Important features of this "potential" include its momentum dependence, properly treated, and the contribution of the ? "meson," which qualitatively changes the central/tensor force ratio from that of previous phenomenological potentials.

Lester Ingber

1968-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

63

Options for Determining Equivalent MHTM (Metric Tons of Heavy Metal) for DOE High Level Waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Section 114(d) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, as amended (NWPA), limits the overall capacity of the first repository to 70,000 metric tons of heavy metal (MTHM). Current DOE policy is to allocate DOE spent fuel and high-level waste (HLW) at 10 percent of the total, or 7,000 MTHM. For planning purposes, 4,667 MTHM will be allocated for HLW. While the NWPA provides a technical basis for determining the MTHM equivalence of HLW, it does not address the significant technical differences between DOE HLW and commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF). Although more than 170,000 MTHM of DOE fuel has been reprocessed to produce the inventory of HLW, the amount of radioactive waste generated per metric ton of DOE fuel is only a few percent of that in a metric ton of commercial fuel. This study compares the results of four methods for determining the MTHM equivalence of DOE HLW. These methods include (1) using the actual weight of heavy metal in reprocessed DOE fuel, (2) assuming the historical equivalence of 0.5 MTHM/canister of vitrified DOE HLW, (3) comparing the total radioactivity in DOE HLW to the radioactivity of commercial SNF, and (4) comparing the total radiotoxicity of DOE HLW, as defined for those radionuclides identified in 10 CFR 20, with SNF at 1,000 and 10,000 years. This study concludes that either of the last two options would meet Congresss stated purposes of the NWPA, which are to (1) provide "reasonable assurance that the public and the environment will be adequately protected from the hazards posed by high-level radioactive waste and such spent nuclear fuel as may be disposed of in a repository", and (2) to "define Federal policy for the disposal of such waste and spent fuel".

Knecht, Dieter August; Valentine, James Henry; Luptak, Alan Jay; Staiger, Merle Daniel; Loo, Henry Hung Yiu; Wichmann, Thomas Leonard

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Questions and Answers - How many atoms would it take to create a ton?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

there in the world? there in the world? Previous Question (How many atoms are there in the world?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Could you please explain density?) Could you please explain density? How many atoms would it take to create a ton? There's a lot more to this question than first appears. There are many types of atoms and each of them has its own mass, so the answer varies depending on which atom you are talking about. Since even a tiny bit of matter has many atoms, it has become customary to use the unit "mole" to signify a standard number of atoms, namely, it is Avogadro's number which (almost) equals 6*1023, or 600,000 billion billon. If you look up the periodic table of elements, one of the numbers usually listed is the atomic mass which is the mass (in grams) of one mole of those atoms. Let's use

65

Cracked lifting lug welds on ten-ton UF{sub 6} cylinders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ten-ton, Type 48X, UF{sub 6} cylinders are used at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant to withdraw enriched uranium hexafluoride from the cascade, transfer enriched uranium hexafluoride to customer cylinders, and feed enriched product to the cascade. To accomplish these activities, the cylinders are lifted by cranes and straddle carriers which engage the cylinder lifting lugs. In August of 1988, weld cracks on two lifting lugs were discovered during preparation to lift a cylinder. The cylinder was rejected and tagged out, and an investigating committee formed to determine the cause of cracking and recommend remedial actions. Further investigation revealed the problem may be general to this class of cylinder in this use cycle. This paper discusses the actions taken at the Portsmouth site to deal with the cracked lifting lug weld problem. The actions include inspection activities, interim corrective actions, metallurgical evaluation of cracked welds, weld repairs, and current monitoring/inspection program.

Dorning, R.E. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Piketon, OH (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

66

Dynamic performance testing of prototype 3 ton air-cooled carrier absorption chiller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of a prototype 3 ton cooling capacity air-cooled lithium bromide/water absorption chiller was tested using an absorption chiller test facility which was modified to expand its testing capabilities to include air-cooled chillers in addition to water-cooled chillers. Temperatures of the three externally supplied fluid loops: hot water, chilled water, and cooling air, were varied in order to determine the effects this would have on the two principal measures of chiller performance: cooling capacity and thermal coefficient of performance (COP). A number of interrelated factors were identified as contributing to less than expected performance. For comparison, experimental correlations of other investigators for this and other similar absorption chillers are presented. These have been plotted as both contour and three-dimensional performance maps in order to more clearly show the functional dependence of the chiller performance on the fluid loop temperatures.

Borst, R.R.; Wood, B.D.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

The ArDM - a ton-scale liquid argon experiment for direct Dark Matter Detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ArDM is a ton-scale double phase detector for the direct search of the Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMPs) as Dark Matter candidates. The detector is based on a liquid Argon (LAr) target. The present goal is to assemble, fully characterize the detector on the surface and then operate it at an underground facility. The scintillation light and ionization charge produced by recoiling nuclei in WIMP-Ar collision can be measured independently. The discrimination of the WIMP induced nuclear recoils from the electron/gamma background is done using the pulse discrimination technique and the ratio between the produced light and charge. The experiment and the last results from the detector commissioning are presented.

Otyugova, Polina [Physik-Institut der Universitaet Zuerich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zuerich (Switzerland)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

68

(Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2003 declined to 1.12 million tons and was valued at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

54 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in three other States. Although copper-electrowinning facilities operated during the year. Refined copper and direct melt scrap were consumed at about 30 brass

69

(Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2007 declined nominally to 1.19 million tons, but its  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

54 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic--Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Nevada, and Montana--accounted for 99% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in two other States. Although copper was recovered at 26 mines operating in the United

70

(Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 2009 declined by about 9% to 1.2 million tons and its  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

48 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic--Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Nevada, and Montana--accounted for more than 99% of domestic production; copper also was recovered at mines in Idaho and Missouri. Although copper was recovered at 29 mines operating in the United

72

ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM (Data in metric tons of zirconium oxide (ZrO ) equivalent, unless otherwise noted)2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and concentrates: Australia, 51%; South Africa, 48%; and other, 1%. Zirconium, wrought, unwrought, waste and scrap: France, 69%; Australia, 21%; Germany, 8%; and United Kingdom, 2%. Tariff: Item Number Normal Trade, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) held over 500 tons of zirconium in various forms. DOE also

73

High temperature experiments on a 4 tons UF6 container TENERIFE program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents an experimental program (called TENERIFE) whose aim is to investigate the behaviour of a cylinder containing UF{sub 6} when exposed to a high temperature fire for model validation. Taking into account the experiments performed in the past, the modelization needs further information in order to be able to predict the behaviour of a real size cylinder when engulfed in a 800{degrees}C fire, as specified in the regulation. The main unknowns are related to (1) the UF{sub 6} behaviour beyond the critical point, (2) the relationship between temperature field and internal pressure and (3) the equivalent conductivity of the solid UF{sub 6}. In order to investigate these phenomena in a representative way it is foreseen to perform experiments with a cylinder of real diameter, but reduced length, containing 4 tons of UF{sub 6}. This cylinder will be placed in an electrically heated furnace. A confinement vessel prevents any dispersion of UF{sub 6}. The heat flux delivered by the furnace will be calibrated by specific tests. The cylinder will be changed for each test.

Casselman, C.; Duret, B.; Seiler, J.M.; Ringot, C.; Warniez, P.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

74

Methodology for Estimating ton-Miles of Goods Movements for U.S. Freight Mulitimodal Network System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ton-miles is a commonly used measure of freight transportation output. Estimation of ton-miles in the U.S. transportation system requires freight flow data at disaggregated level (either by link flow, path flows or origin-destination flows between small geographic areas). However, the sheer magnitude of the freight data system as well as industrial confidentiality concerns in Census survey, limit the freight data which is made available to the public. Through the years, the Center for Transportation Analysis (CTA) of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been working in the development of comprehensive national and regional freight databases and network flow models. One of the main products of this effort is the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF), a public database released by the ORNL. FAF provides to the general public a multidimensional matrix of freight flows (weight and dollar value) on the U.S. transportation system between states, major metropolitan areas, and remainder of states. Recently, the CTA research team has developed a methodology to estimate ton-miles by mode of transportation between the 2007 FAF regions. This paper describes the data disaggregation methodology. The method relies on the estimation of disaggregation factors that are related to measures of production, attractiveness and average shipments distances by mode service. Production and attractiveness of counties are captured by the total employment payroll. Likely mileages for shipments between counties are calculated by using a geographic database, i.e. the CTA multimodal network system. Results of validation experiments demonstrate the validity of the method. Moreover, 2007 FAF ton-miles estimates are consistent with the major freight data programs for rail and water movements.

Oliveira Neto, Francisco Moraes [ORNL] [ORNL; Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL] [ORNL; Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Hickam Air Force Base  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hickam Air Force Base spans 2,850 acres in Honolulu, Hawaii. The military base is home to the 15th Airlift Wing, the Hawaii Air National Guard, and the Pacific Air Forces headquarters.

76

Protective Force Program Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Provides detailed requirements to supplement DOE O 473.2, Protective Force Program, which establishes the requirements and responsibilities for management and operation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Protective Force (PF) Program. Does not cancel other directives.

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

77

Studies of a three-stage dark matter and neutrino observatory based on multi-ton combinations of liquid xenon and liquid argon detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a three stage dark matter and neutrino observatory based on multi-ton two-phase liquid Xe and Ar detectors with sufficiently low backgrounds to be sensitive to WIMP dark matter interaction cross sections down to 10E-47 cm^2, and to provide both identification and two independent measurements of the WIMP mass through the use of the two target elements in a 5:1 mass ratio, giving an expected similarity of event numbers. The same detection systems will also allow measurement of the pp solar neutrino spectrum, the neutrino flux and temperature from a Galactic supernova, and neutrinoless double beta decay of 136Xe to the lifetime level of 10E27 - 10E28 y corresponding to the Majorana mass predicted from current neutrino oscillation data. The proposed scheme would be operated in three stages G2, G3, G4, beginning with fiducial masses 1-ton Xe + 5-ton Ar (G2), progressing to 10-ton Xe + 50-ton Ar (G3) then, dependent on results and performance of the latter, expandable to 100-ton Xe + 500-ton Ar (G4). This ...

Arisaka, K; Smith, P F; Beltrame, P; Ghag, C; Lung, K; Teymourian, A; Wang, H; Cline, D B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Fluid force transducer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical fluid force transducer for measuring the magnitude and direction of fluid forces caused by lateral fluid flow, includes a movable sleeve which is deflectable in response to the movement of fluid, and a rod fixed to the sleeve to translate forces applied to the sleeve to strain gauges attached to the rod, the strain gauges being connected in a bridge circuit arrangement enabling generation of a signal output indicative of the magnitude and direction of the force applied to the sleeve.

Jendrzejczyk, Joseph A. (Warrenville, IL)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

(Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the leading lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

%; primary aluminum production, 6%; continuous casting, 4%; rubber and thermoplastics, 4%; pharmaceuticals, 294 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production resources, reported production and value of production were withheld from publication to avoid disclosing

80

Coulomb force as an entropic force  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivated by Verlinde's theory of entropic gravity, we give a tentative explanation to the Coulomb's law with an entropic force. When trying to do this, we find the equipartition rule should be extended to charges and the concept of temperature should be reinterpreted. If one accepts the holographic principle as well as our generalizations and reinterpretations, then Coulomb's law, the Poisson equation, and the Maxwell equations can be derived smoothly. Our attempt can be regarded as a new way to unify the electromagnetic force with gravity, from the entropic origin. Possibly some of our postulates are related to the D-brane picture of black hole thermodynamics.

Wang Tower [Center for High-Energy Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Unbalanced electromagnetic forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) . I :, jazdz g (Member) (Member) August 1974 -" ~ 5:. -. 62 ABSTRACT Unbalanced Electromagnetic Forces (August 1974) Craig Martin Hansen, B. S. , Texas A&M University Directed by: Dr. Attilio J. Giaroia Electromagnetic forces from moving... be deduced from the history of the development of an under- standing of electromagnetic forces. This is a relatively short history (starting in the late 1800's) filled with misunderstandings and pre]udices. This history can be divided into two eras: non...

Hansen, Craig Martin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

82

Geochemistry Atomic Force Microscopy | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

imaging modes: contact, intermittent contact, phase imaging, magnetic force microscopy, electric force microscopy, surface potential microscopy, scanning capacitance microscopy,...

83

NUCLEAR PROXIMITY FORCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One might summarize of nuclear potential energy has beendegree of freedom) for the nuclear interaction between anyUniversity of California. Nuclear Proximity Forces 'I< at

Randrup, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Nellis Air Force Base solar array provides model for renewable projects |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nellis Air Force Base solar array provides model for renewable Nellis Air Force Base solar array provides model for renewable projects Nellis Air Force Base solar array provides model for renewable projects March 24, 2010 - 4:58pm Addthis The solar array at Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada consists of 70,000 panels. | Photo by Larry E. Reid Jr./U.S. Air Force The solar array at Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada consists of 70,000 panels. | Photo by Larry E. Reid Jr./U.S. Air Force A public-private partnership has helped one Air Force base reduce its energy costs and convert to 25 percent renewable energy. Nellis Air Force Base, just north of Las Vegas, took a big step in 2007 when it installed a 14.2-megawatt, 70,000-panel photovoltaic solar array that reduced carbon dioxide emissions by 24,000 tons a year. Built partly on a landfill, the

85

Protective Force Program Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Provides detailed requirements to supplement DOE O 473.2, PROTECTIVE FORCE PROGRAM, which establishes the requirements and responsibilities for management and operation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Protective Force (PF) Program. Change 1 revised pages in Chapters IV and VI on 12/20/2001.

2001-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

86

ILC Citizens' Task Force  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Fermilab ILC Citizens' Task Force June 2008 Report of the Fermilab ILC Citizens' Task Force 3 Contents 1 Executive Summary 3 Chapter 1 Purpose 7 Chapter 2 Origins and Purpose of the Fermilab Citizens' Task Force 15 Chapter 3 Setting the Stage 19 Chapter 4 Current Status of High Energy Physics Research 25 Chapter 5 Bringing the Next-Generation Accelerator to Fermilab 31 Chapter 6 Learning from Past Projects 37 Chapter 7 Location, Construction and Operation of Facilities Beyond Fermilab's Borders 45 Chapter 8 Health and Safety 49 Chapter 9 Environment 53 Chapter 10 Economics 59 Chapter 11 Political Considerations 65 Chapter 12 Community Engagement 77 Chapter 13 Summary 81 Appendices Appendix A. Task Force Members Appendix B. Task Force Meetings and Topics

87

Economic analysis of coal-fired cogeneration plants for Air Force bases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Defense Appropriations Act of 1986 requires the Department of Defense to use an additional 1,600,000 tons/year of coal at their US facilities by 1995 and also states that the most economical fuel should be used at each facility. In a previous study of Air Force heating plants burning gas or oil, Oak Ridge National Laboratory found that only a small fraction of this target 1,600,000 tons/year could be achieved by converting the plants where coal is economically viable. To identify projects that would use greater amounts of coal, the economic benefits of installing coal-fired cogeneration plants at 7 candidate Air Force bases were examined in this study. A life-cycle cost analysis was performed that included two types of financing (Air Force and private) and three levels of energy escalation for a total of six economic scenarios. Hill, McGuire, and Plattsburgh Air Force Bases were identified as the facilities with the best potential for coal-fired cogeneration, but the actual cost savings will depend strongly on how the projects are financed and to a lesser extent on future energy escalation rates. 10 refs., 11 figs., 27 tabs.

Holcomb, R.S.; Griffin, F.P.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Protective Force Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To prescribe Department of Energy policy, responsibilities, and requirements for the management and operation of the Protective Force Program. Chg 1 dated 2-13-95. Cancels DOE O 5632.7 and DOE O 5632.8.

1995-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

89

ATLAS Metadata Task Force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATLAS Metadata Task Force D. Costanzo, J. Cranshaw, S.provided and approved by the ATLAS TDAQ and DCS Connectinformation, go to http://atlas-connect-forum.web.cern.ch/

Costanzo, D.; ATLAS Collaboration

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Federal Protective Force  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Manual establishes requirements for the management and operation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Federal protective forces (FPFs). Cancels DOE M 470.4-3, Chg 1. Canceled by DOE O 473.3.

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Constraint and Restoring Force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long-lived sensor network applications must be able to self-repair and adapt to changing demands. We introduce a new approach for doing so: Constraint and Restoring Force. CRF is a physics-inspired framework for computing ...

Beal, Jacob

2007-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

92

Weak nuclear forces cause the strong nuclear force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the strength of the weak nuclear force which holds the lattices of the elementary particles together. We also determine the strength of the strong nuclear force which emanates from the sides of the nuclear lattices. The strong force is the sum of the unsaturated weak forces at the surface of the nuclear lattices. The strong force is then about ten to the power of 6 times stronger than the weak force between two lattice points.

E. L. Koschmieder

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

93

Methods and results for stress analyses on 14-ton, thin-wall depleted UF{sub 6} cylinders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uranium enrichment operations at the three US gaseous diffusion plants produce depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF{sub 6}) as a residential product. At the present time, the inventory of DUF{sub 6} in this country is more than half a million tons. The inventory of DUF{sub 6} is contained in metal storage cylinders, most of which are located at the gaseous diffusion plants. The principal objective of the project is to ensure the integrity of the cylinders to prevent causing an environmental hazard by releasing the contents of the cylinders into the atmosphere. Another objective is to maintain the cylinders in such a manner that the DUF{sub 6} may eventually be converted to a less hazardous material for final disposition. An important task in the DUF{sub 6} cylinders management project is determining how much corrosion of the walls can be tolerated before the cylinders are in danger of being damaged during routine handling and shipping operations. Another task is determining how to handle cylinders that have already been damaged in a manner that will minimize the chance that a breach will occur or that the size of an existing breach will be significantly increased. A number of finite element stress analysis (FESA) calculations have been done to analyze the stresses for three conditions: (1) while the cylinder is being lifted, (2) when a cylinder is resting on two cylinders under it in the customary two-tier stacking array, and (3) when a cylinder is resting on tis chocks on the ground. Various documents describe some of the results and discuss some of the methods whereby they have been obtained. The objective of the present report is to document as many of the FESA cases done at Oak Ridge for 14-ton thin-wall cylinders as possible, giving results and a description of the calculations in some detail.

Kirkpatrick, J.R.; Chung, C.K.; Frazier, J.L.; Kelley, D.K.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Work Force Restructuring Activities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Force Restructuring Activities Force Restructuring Activities December 10, 2008 Note: Current updates are in bold # Planned Site/Contractor HQ Approved Separations Status General * LM has finalized the compilation of contractor management team separation data for the end of FY07 actuals and end of FY08 and FY09 projections. LM has submitted to Congress the FY 2007 Annual Report on contractor work force restructuring activities. The report has been posted to the LM website. *LM conducted a DOE complex-wide data call to the Field and Operations offices for DOE Contractor Management teams to provide, by program, actual contractor separation data for the end of FY 2008 and projections for the end of FY 2009 and FY 2010. The data will be used to keep senior management informed of upcoming large WFR actions.

95

(Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 1996, clays were produced in most States except Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

46 CLAYS (Data in thousand metric tons, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use% kiln furniture, 6% fiberglass, 4% paint, and 3% rubber; ball clay--25% floor and wall tile, 21 Statistics--United States: 1992 1993 1994 1995 19961 e Production, mine: Kaolin 8,740 8,830 8,770 9,480 9

96

(Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world, followed by China, the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and greases and in the production of synthetic rubber. Salient Statistics--United States: 1995 1996 1997 1998100 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production States, Russia, and Argentina, in descending order of production. Australia and Canada were major

97

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 1997, based on contained zinc recoverable from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

190 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts of zinc mining and smelting: 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997e Production: Mine, recoverable 488 570 614 600 6071 Primary slab zinc 240 217

98

(Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The United States was the largest producer and consumer of lithium minerals and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and greases and in the production of synthetic rubber. Salient Statistics--United States: 1992 1993 1994 199598 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production worldwide. The value of domestic lithium production was estimated to be about $115 million in 1996. Two

99

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2001, based on contained zinc recoverable from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

188 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production-fourths of production. Three primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters refined zinc metal of commercial principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts of zinc mining

100

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2002, based on contained zinc recoverable from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

190 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production% of production. Two primary and 13 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters refined zinc metal of commercial principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts of zinc mining

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2000, based on contained zinc recoverable from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

186 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production three-fourths of production. Three primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters refined compounds and dust were used principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major

102

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 1999, based on contained zinc recoverable from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

190 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts of zinc mining and smelting: 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999e Production: Mine, recoverable1 614 600 605 722 775 Primary slab zinc 232 226

103

(Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the manufacture of lubricants and greases and in the production of synthetic rubber. Salient Statistics98 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production from domestic resources, reported production and value of production data cannot be published

104

(Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the manufacture of lubricants and greases and in the production of synthetic rubber. Salient Statistics96 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production from domestic resources, reported production and value of production data cannot be published

105

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2006, based on contained zinc recoverable from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

186 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production accounted for about 80% of total U.S. production. Two primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary, and rubber industries. Major coproducts of zinc mining and smelting, in order of decreasing tonnage, were

106

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2004, based on contained zinc recoverable from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

188 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production% of total U.S. production. Two primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters refined zinc metal were used principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts

107

(Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world, followed by China,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and greases and in the production of synthetic rubber. Salient Statistics--United States: 1994 1995 1996 1997102 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production, the United States, and Argentina, in descending order of production. Australia and Canada were major

108

(Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: The United States was the largest producer and consumer of lithium minerals and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and greases and synthetic rubber production. Salient Statistics--United States: 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995e96 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use. The value of domestic lithium production was estimated to be about $115 million in 1995. Two companies

109

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2003, based on contained zinc recoverable from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

188 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production three-fourths of total U.S. production. Two primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters uses. Zinc compounds and dust were used principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber

110

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2005, based on contained zinc recoverable from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

190 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production accounted for 86% of total U.S. production. Two primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters uses. Zinc compounds and dust were used principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber

111

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 1998, based on contained zinc recoverable from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

192 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts of zinc mining--United States: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998e Production: Mine, recoverable 570 614 598 605 6551 Primary slab zinc

112

(Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Chile was the largest lithium chemical producer in the world; Argentina, China,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the manufacture of lubricants and greases and in the production of synthetic rubber. Salient Statistics100 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of lithium content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production from domestic resources, reported production and value of production data cannot be published

113

(Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2010, five companies operated nine primary aluminum smelters; six smelters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16 ALUMINUM1 (Data in thousand metric tons of metal unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2010, five companies operated nine primary aluminum smelters; six smelters were closed on published market prices, the value of primary metal production was $3.99 billion. Aluminum consumption

114

(Data in metric tons unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Indium was not recovered from ores in the United States in 2007. Indium-containing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were exported to Canada for processing. Two companies, one in New York and the other in Rhode Island for the recycling industry to handle because of large capital costs, environmental restrictions, and storage space gallium diselenide (CIGS) solar cells require approximately 50 metric tons of indium to produce 1 gigawatt

115

Direct Aerosol Forcing Uncertainty  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Understanding sources of uncertainty in aerosol direct radiative forcing (DRF), the difference in a given radiative flux component with and without aerosol, is essential to quantifying changes in Earth's radiation budget. We examine the uncertainty in DRF due to measurement uncertainty in the quantities on which it depends: aerosol optical depth, single scattering albedo, asymmetry parameter, solar geometry, and surface albedo. Direct radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere and at the surface as well as sensitivities, the changes in DRF in response to unit changes in individual aerosol or surface properties, are calculated at three locations representing distinct aerosol types and radiative environments. The uncertainty in DRF associated with a given property is computed as the product of the sensitivity and typical measurement uncertainty in the respective aerosol or surface property. Sensitivity and uncertainty values permit estimation of total uncertainty in calculated DRF and identification of properties that most limit accuracy in estimating forcing. Total uncertainties in modeled local diurnally averaged forcing range from 0.2 to 1.3 W m-2 (42 to 20%) depending on location (from tropical to polar sites), solar zenith angle, surface reflectance, aerosol type, and aerosol optical depth. The largest contributor to total uncertainty in DRF is usually single scattering albedo; however decreasing measurement uncertainties for any property would increase accuracy in DRF. Comparison of two radiative transfer models suggests the contribution of modeling error is small compared to the total uncertainty although comparable to uncertainty arising from some individual properties.

Mccomiskey, Allison

116

Protective Force Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes policy, requirements, responsibilities, and authorities, for the management and operation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Protective Force (PF) Program. Extended until 7-7-06 by DOE N 251.64, dated 7-7-05 Cancels: DOE 5632.7A

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

117

Work Force Discipline  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order provides guidance and procedures and states responsibilities for maintaining work force discipline in DOE. Chg 1, dated 3-11-85; Chg 2, dated 1-6-86; Chg 3, dated 3-21-89; Chg 4, dated 8-2-90; Chg 5, dated 3-9-92; Chg 6, dated 8-21-92, cancels Chg 5.

1983-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

118

Contractor Protective Force  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Manual establishes requirements for the management and operation of the U.S. Department of Energy contractor protective forces. Cancels: DOE M 470.4-3 Chg 1, CRD (Attachment 2) only, except for Section C. Canceled by DOE O 473.3.

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

119

(Data in thousand metric tons of boric oxide (B2O3), unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The estimated value of boric oxide contained in minerals and compounds produced in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was centered in southern California. The largest producer operated an open-pit tincal and kernite mine domestic producer continued mining and processing ore at its open pit mine. The production of boron, sodium year to 60,000 tons per year by 2002. Turkey is building a 274,000-ton-per-year pyrite-burning sulfuric

120

(Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production of copper in 2010 declined by about 5% to 1.12 million  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

48 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production of copper in 2010 declined by about 5% to 1.12 million tons--Arizona, Utah, Nevada, New Mexico, and Montana--accounted for more than 99% of domestic production; copper also

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Plutonium by the Ton  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...N reactor at the Hanford Reservation in Senator...was in just such a meeting between senators...discuss the issue in public for fear ofviolating...and forth in secret meetings, a private group...through the year 2000. The databook reports...by the Washington Public Power Supply System...

ELIOT MARSHALL

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

ARMY SERVICE FORCES  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ARMY SERVICE FORCES ARMY SERVICE FORCES ' -, 1 MANHATTAN ENGINEER DISTRICT --t 4 IN "LPLI RC,' LR io EIDM CIS INTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY DIVISION CHICAGO BRANCH OFFICE i ., -,* - P. 0. Box 6770-A I ' 1 .' CHICAGO 80. ILLINOIS /lvb 15 February 1945 Subject: shipment Security Survey at &Uinckrodt Chemical Works. MEMORANDUM to the Officer in Charge. 1. The Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, St. Louis, Missouri, was contacted by the undersigned on 16 November 1944, for the purpose of -king an investigation to determine security provided shipments of interest to the Manhattan Engineer District. The investigation in- cluded shipments of vital materials originating with the Mallinckrodt Company and those received by them. Particular attention has been given to the future production and shipment schedules of these materials.

123

Modified entropic force  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theory of statistical thermodynamics tells us the equipartition law of energy does not hold in the limit of very low temperatures. It is found the Debye model is very successful in explaining the experimental results for most of the solid objects. Motivated by this fact, we modify the entropic force formula which is proposed very recently. Since the Unruh temperature is proportional to the strength of the gravitational field, so the modified entropic force formula is an extension of the Newtonian gravity to the weak field. On the contrary, general relativity extends Newtonian gravity to the strong field case. Corresponding to Debye temperature, there exists a Debye acceleration g{sub D}. It is found the Debye acceleration is g{sub D}=10{sup -15} N kg{sup -1}. This acceleration is very much smaller than the gravitational acceleration 10{sup -4} N kg{sup -1} which is felt by Neptune and the gravitational acceleration 10{sup -10} N kg{sup -1} felt by the Sun. Therefore, the modified entropic force can be very well approximated by the Newtonian gravity in the Solar System and in the Galaxy. With this Debye acceleration, we find the current cosmic speeding up can be explained without invoking any kind of dark energy.

Gao Changjun [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, NAOC, CAS, Beijing, 100012 and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Alaska has 4. 0 trillion tons of low-sulfur coal: Is there a future for this resource  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The demand for and use of low-sulfur coal may increase because of concern with acid rain. Alaska's low-sulfur coal resources can only be described as enormous: 4.0 trillion tons of hypothetical onshore coal. Mean total sulfur content is 0.34% (range 0.06-6.6%, n = 262) with a mean apparent rank of subbituminous B. There are 50 coal fields in Alaska; the bulk of the resources are in six major fields or regions: Nenana, Cook Inlet, Matanuska, Chignik-Herendeen Bay, North Slope, and Bering River. For comparison, Carboniferous coals in the Appalachian region and Interior Province have a mean total sulfur content of 2.3% (range 0.1-19.0%, n = 5,497) with a mean apparent rank of high-volatile A bituminous coal, and Rocky Mountain and northern Great Plains Cretaceous and Tertiary coals have a mean total sulfur content of 0.86% (range 0.02-19.0%, n = 2,754) with a mean apparent rank of subbituminous B. Alaskan coal has two-fifths the total sulfur of western US coals and one-sixth that of Carboniferous US coals. Even though Alaska has large resources of low-sulfur coal, these resources have not been developed because of (1) remote locations and little infrastructure, (2) inhospitable climate, and (3) long distances to potential markets. These resources will not be used in the near future unless there are some major, and probably violent, changes in the world energy picture.

Stricker, G.D. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (USA))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 11002: Number of Cars Equivalent to 100 Metric Tons of Avoided Greenhouse Gases per Year  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

02 Date: January 5, 2011 02 Date: January 5, 2011 Title: Number of Cars Equivalent to 100 Metric Tons of Avoided Greenhouse Gases per Year Originator: Andrea Chew & Tien Nguyen Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: January 25, 2011 A conventional mid-size gasoline car emits 0.45 kg of greenhouse gases (GHG) per mile. 1 One hundred (100) metric tons (t) of GHG per year are equivalent to emissions from 17 conventional gasoline cars. Item: The GHG emissions cited above are from an analysis record prepared by the Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies and Vehicle Technologies Programs on life-cycle emissions of greenhouse gases and petroleum use for several light-duty vehicles. 1 For cars that are between 1 and 5 years old, the average mileage is approximately 13,000,

126

Norms of Presentational Force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://www.americanforensics.org/uploaded-files/tc_41_3_w05.pdf. Open Access version: http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/dspace/. 15 hope to illustrate the close connection between emotional appeal and premise adequacy. After arguing that the Declaration of Independence and Constitution secure...Innocenti Manolescu, Beth. "Norms of Presentational Force." Argumentation and Advocacy 41 (2005): 139-51. Official publishers version: http://www.americanforensics.org/uploaded-files/tc_41_3_w05.pdf. 1 Citation: Innocenti Manolescu, Beth...

Innocenti, Beth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Atomic Force Microscope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) is a recently developed instrument that has achieved atomic resolution imaging of both conducting and non- conducting surfaces. Because the AFM is in the early stages of development, and because of the difficulty of building the instrument, it is currently in use in fewer than ten laboratories worldwide. It promises to be a valuable tool for obtaining information about engineering surfaces and aiding the .study of precision fabrication processes. This paper gives an overview of AFM technology and presents plans to build an instrument designed to look at engineering surfaces.

Day, R.D.; Russell, P.E.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Demonstration and evaluation of the 20-ton-capacity load-cell-based weighing system, Eldorado Resources, Ltd. , Port Hope, Ontario, September 3-4, 1986  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On September 3 and 4, 1986, the prototype 20-ton-capacity load-cell-based weighing system (LCBWS) developed by the US Enrichment Safeguards Program (ESP) at Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., was field tested at the Eldorado Resources, Ltd., (ERL) facility in Port Hope, Ontario. The 20-ton-capacity LCBWS has been designed and fabricated for use by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for verifying the masses of large-capacity UF/sub 6/ cylinders during IAEA safeguards inspections at UF/sub 6/ handling facilities. The purpose of the Canadian field test was to demonstrate and to evaluate with IAEA inspectorates and with UF/sub 6/ bulk handling facility operators at Eldorado the principles, procedures, and hardware associated with using the 20-ton-capacity LCBWS as a portable means for verifying the masses of 10- and 14-ton UF/sub 6/ cylinders. Session participants included representatives from the IAEA, Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Eldorado Resources, Ltd., the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB), and the International Safeguards Project Office (ISPO) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). Appendix A presents the list of participants and their organization affiliation. The two-day field test involved a formal briefing by ESP staff, two cylinder weighing sessions, IAEA critiques of the LCBWS hardware and software, and concluding discussions on the field performance of the system. Appendix B cites the meeting agenda. Summarized in this report are (1) the technical information presented by the system developers, (2) results from the weighing sessions, and (3) observations, suggestions, and concluding statements from meeting participants.

Cooley, J.N.; Huxford, T.J.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

TEXT Pro Force Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Basic Protective Basic Protective Force Training Program DOE/IG-0641 March 2004 * None of the 10 sites included instruction in rappelling even though it was part of the special response team core curriculum and continued to be offered by the Nonprolif- eration and National Security Institute; * Only one site conducted basic training on use of a shotgun, despite the fact that a num- ber of sites used the weapon for breaching exercises and other purposes; and, * Seven of the sites modified prescribed training techniques by reducing the intensity or delivery method for skills that some security experts characterized as critical, such as handcuffing, hand-to- hand combat, and vehicle assaults. We found that the Department's facilities were not required to report departures from the core

130

Protective Force Firearms Qualification Courses  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PROTECTIVE FORCE PROTECTIVE FORCE FIREARMS QUALIFICATION COURSES U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Health, Safety and Security AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY: http://www.hss.energy.gov Office of Health, Safety and Security Protective Force Firearms Qualification Courses July 2011 i TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION A - APPROVED FIREARMS QUALIFICATION COURSES .......................... I-1 CHAPTER I . INTRODUCTION ................................................................................... I-1 1. Scope .................................................................................................................. I-1 2. Content ............................................................................................................... I-1

131

Air Force Renewable Energy Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers Air Force Renewable Energy Programs and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

132

Investigations on catalyzed steam gasification of biomass: feasibility study of methane production via catalytic gasification of 200 tons of wood per day  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a result of an additional study made of the economic feasibility of producing substitute natural gas (SNG) from wood via catalytic gasification with steam. The report has as its basis the original 2000 tons of wood per day study generated from process development unit testing performed by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The goal of this additional work was to determine the feasibility of a smaller scale plant one-tenth the size of the original or 200 tons of dry wood feed per day. Plant production based on this wood feed is 2.16 MM Scfd of SNG with a HHV of 956 Btu per Scf. All process and support facilities necessary to convert wood to SNG are included in this study. The plant location is Newport, Oregon. The capital cost for the plant is $26,680,000 - September 1980 basis. Gas production costs which allow for return on capital have been calculated for various wood prices for both utility and private investor financing. These wood prices represent the cost of unchipped wood delivered to the plant site. For utility financing, the gas production costs are, respectively, $14.34, $14.83, $15.86, and $17.84 per MM Btu for wood costs of $5, $10, $20, and $40 per dry ton. For private investor financing, the corresponding product costs are $18.76, $19.26, $20.28, and $22.31 per MM Btu for the corresponding wood costs. The costs calculated by the utility financing method includes a return on equity of 15% and an interest rate of 10% on the debt. The private investor financing method, which is 100% equity financing, incorporates a discounted cash flow (DCF) return on equity of 12%. The thermal efficiency without taking an energy credit for char is 57.4%.

Mudge, L.K.; Weber, S.L.; Mitchell, D.H.; Sealock, L.J. Jr.; Robertus, R.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

A nuclear criticality safety assessment of the loss of moderation control in 2 1/2 and 10-ton cylinders containing enriched UF{sub 6}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Moderation control for maintaining nuclear criticality safety in 2 {1/2}-ton, 10-ton, and 14-ton cylinders containing enriched uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) has been used safely within the nuclear industry for over thirty years, and is dependent on cylinder integrity and containment. This assessment evaluates the loss of moderation control by the breaching of containment and entry of water into the cylinders. The first objective of this study was to estimate the required amounts of water entering these large UF{sub 6} cylinders to react with, and to moderate the uranium compounds sufficiently to cause criticality. Hypothetical accident situations were modeled as a uranyl fluoride (UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}) slab above a UF{sub 6} hemicylinder, and a UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} sphere centered within a UF{sub 6} hemicylinder. These situations were investigated by computational analyses utilizing the KENO V.a Monte Carlo Computer Code. The results were used to estimate both the masses of water required for criticality, and the limiting masses of water that could be considered safe. The second objective of the assessment was to calculate the time available for emergency control actions before a criticality would occur, i.e., a {open_quotes}safetime{close_quotes}, for various sources of water and different size openings in a breached cylinder. In the situations considered, except the case for a fire hose, the safetime appears adequate for emergency control actions. The assessment shows that current practices for handling moderation controlled cylinders of low enriched UF{sub 6}, along with the continuation of established personnel training programs, ensure nuclear criticality safety for routine and emergency operations.

Newvahner, R.L. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Piketon, OH (United States); Pryor, W.A. [PAI Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

134

The Forces which lift Aeroplanes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... cylinder. To avoid unnecessary complications we use Heaviside's rational electromagnetic units. Then the hydroelectric current i equals the line-integral of the hydro-magnetic force, i.e. of ... actions-at-a-distance. From the propeller blade the way is not far to the turbine blade. The type of driving force will remain the same whether the driving medium ...

V. K. F. BJERKNES

1924-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

135

Ecosystem Task Force Meeting Minutes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in violation of the clean water act 2. Long term tracking can identify problems and remediation techniques. 3. A focus on planning helps ground the Task Force because of the complexity of ecosystems. UNH targets for future reductions? 3.1. No. We could work on those with the Task Force. Water Quality

New Hampshire, University of

136

Air Force Renewable Energy Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 1 Ken Gray P.E. HQ AFCESA /CENR Air Force Renewable Energy Programs April, 2011 FUPWG "Make Energy a Consideration in All We Do" I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e THINK GREEN, BUILD GREEN, Topics  Air Force Energy Use  Air Force Facility Energy Center  Current RE Generation  Project Development System  Programmed RE Generation FY11-13  Goal Achievement 2 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e THINK GREEN, BUILD GREEN, Air Force 2010 Energy Use The Air Force spent approximately $8.2 billion for energy in 2010; an increase of 22% from 2009 Energy Cost and Consumption Trends Energy Cost Breakdown Aviation 79% Facilities 17% 3 Aviation 84% Facilities 12% Vehicles & Equipment

137

Oscillating String as a Force Sensor in Scanning Force Microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a sensor that uses an oscillating string to detect forces. A cantilever beam serves as a sample stage. The string is attached to the free end of ... the free end of the beam modifies the string tension...

A. Stalder; U. Drig

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Calibration of lateral force measurements in atomic force microscopy with a piezoresistive force sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present here a method to calibrate the lateral force in the atomic force microscope. This method makes use of an accurately calibrated force sensor composed of a tipless piezoresistive cantilever and corresponding signal amplifying and processing electronics. Two ways of force loading with different loading points were compared by scanning the top and side edges of the piezoresistive cantilever. Conversion factors between the lateral force and photodiode signal using three types of atomic force microscope cantilevers with rectangular geometries (normal spring constants from 0.092 to 1.24 N/m and lateral stiffness from 10.34 to 101.06 N/m) were measured in experiments using the proposed method. When used properly, this method calibrates the conversion factors that are accurate to {+-}12.4% or better. This standard has less error than the commonly used method based on the cantilever's beam mechanics. Methods such of this allow accurate and direct conversion between lateral forces and photodiode signals without any knowledge of the cantilevers and the laser measuring system.

Xie Hui; Vitard, Julien; Haliyo, Sinan; Regnier, Stephane [Institut des Systemes Intelligents et Robotique (ISIR), Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6/CNRS, 18 Route du Panorama-BP 61, 92265 Fontenay-Aux-Roses (France); Boukallel, Mehdi [Laboratoire de Robotique et Mesorobotique (LRM), CEA, 18 Route du Panorama-BP 61, 92265 Fontenay-Aux-Roses (France)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

Prediction of vehicle impact forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PREDICTION OF VEHICLE IMPACT FORCES A Thesis by DARRELL LAINE KADERKA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990 Major Subject...: Civil Engineering PREDICTION OF VEHICLE IMPACT FORCES A Thesis by DARRELL LAINE KADERKA Approved as to style and content by: C. Eugene Buth (Chair of Committee) W. ynn Beason (Member) I? D n E. B ay (Member) es T. P. Yao (Departmen Head) May...

Kaderka, Darrell Laine

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

140

Carbon credits earned from a double slope active solar still under forced circulation mode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Human life on land is vitally dependent on fresh water along with food and air. Many areas in the world do not have access to fresh water. Growing demands of freshwater resources are creating an urgent need to develop self sustained system to meet the demand. At present, many distillation methods are available like reverse osmosis, thin film distillation multi-effect fresh evaporation but they are energy intensive or contribute to environmental degradation. Distillation is one technique used for treating available brackish water into fresh water. However, solar energy can be used as an alternative source of energy for water distillation. In this paper, carbon dioxide emission, mitigation and carbon credit earned from a double slope active solar still under forced circulation mode has been carried out. It has been observed that carbon dioxide emission and carbon credit earned over the life time of 15 years are 2.55 tons and ?220 respectively.

A.K. Sethi; Vijay Kumar Dwivedi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Mitotic force generators and chromosome segregation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

38:1838 Mitotic force generators 79. McDonald HB, StewartREVIEW Mitotic force generators and chromosome segregationbelow) that the force generators (MTs or motors) have only *

Civelekoglu-Scholey, Gul; Scholey, Jonathan M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Task Force Approach | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Task Force Approach Task Force Approach Task Force Approach Task Force Approach Results of the ARI Task Force: The purpose of the ARI Task Force is to 1) identify, prioritize, and resolve issues to enable sites and programs to implement revitalization efforts more effectively and 2) to facilitate programmatic incorporation of revitalization concepts into DOE's programmatic business environments. The Task Force must do this through coordinating and facilitating communication and connections, sharing lessons learned, broadening the general knowledge base, facilitating, analyzing problems, developing implementable solutions, and considering and incorporating broader perspectives and knowledge. The success of the Task Force can be evaluated by impacts to the Department upon its completion. These impacts

143

Sensing mode atomic force microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An atomic force microscope utilizes a pulse release system and improved method of operation to minimize contact forces between a probe tip affixed to a flexible cantilever and a specimen being measured. The pulse release system includes a magnetic particle affixed proximate the probe tip and an electromagnetic coil. When energized, the electromagnetic coil generates a magnetic field which applies a driving force on the magnetic particle sufficient to overcome adhesive forces exhibited between the probe tip and specimen. The atomic force microscope includes two independently displaceable piezo elements operable along a Z-axis. A controller drives the first Z-axis piezo element to provide a controlled approach between the probe tip and specimen up to a point of contact between the probe tip and specimen. The controller then drives the first Z-axis piezo element to withdraw the cantilever from the specimen. The controller also activates the pulse release system which drives the probe tip away from the specimen during withdrawal. Following withdrawal, the controller adjusts the height of the second Z-axis piezo element to maintain a substantially constant approach distance between successive samples.

Hough, Paul V. C. (Port Jefferson, NY); Wang, Chengpu (Upton, NY)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Investigations on catalyzed steam gasification of biomass. Appendix A. Feasibility study of methane production via catalytic gasification of 2000 tons of wood per day  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study has been made of the economic feasibility of producing substitute natural gas (SNG) from wood via catalytic gasification with steam. The plant design in this study was developed from information on gasifier operation supplied by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The plant is designed to process 2000 tons per day of dry wood to SNG. Plant production is 21.6 MM scfd of SNG with a HHV of 956 Btu per scf. All process and support facilities necessary to convert wood to SNG are included. The plant location is Newport, Oregon. The capital cost for the plant is $95,115,000 - September, 1980 basis. Gas production costs which allow for return on capital have been calculated for various wood prices for both utility and private investor financing. For utility financing, the gas production costs are respectively $5.09, $5.56, $6.50, and $8.34 per MM Btu for wood costs of $5, $10, $20, and $40 per dry ton delivered to the plant at a moisture content of 49.50 wt %. For private investor financing, the corresponding product costs are $6.62, $7.11, $8.10, and $10.06 per MM Btu. The cost calculated by the utility financing method includes a return on equity of 15% and an interest rate of 10% on the debt. The private investor financing method, which is 100% equity financing, incorporates a discounted cash flow (DCF) return on equity of 12%. The thermal efficiency without taking an energy credit for by-product char is 58.3%.

Mudge, L.K.; Weber, S.L.; Mitchell, D.H.; Sealock, L.J. Jr.; Robertus, R.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Contact angles and surface forces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The modern state of the theory of wetting phenomena is considered with special attention to the approach based on the theory of surface forces. Contribution of the effects of molecular, electrostatic and short-range structural forces to wetting films stability and forming contact angles is discussed. The magnitudes of contact angles may be predicted on the basis of isotherms of disjoining pressure of wetting films that include Hamaker constants, electrical potentials of solid-liquid and liquid-gas interfaces, and experimental constants that characterize the structural forces of hydrophilic repulsion and hydrophobic attraction. The constants seem to be the same as in the case of interaction of colloidal particles. In the framework of the suggested approach, the influence of surfactants on wetting phenomena was considered.

N.V. Churaev

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Nuclear force in Lattice QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We perform the quenched lattice QCD analysis on the nuclear force (baryon-baryon interactions). We employ $20^3\\times 24$ lattice at $\\beta=5.7$ ($a\\simeq 0.19$ fm) with the standard gauge action and the Wilson quark action with the hopping parameters $\\kappa=0.1600, 0.1625, 0.1650$, and generate about 200 gauge configurations. We measure the temporal correlators of the two-baryon system which consists of heavy-light-light quarks. We extract the inter-baryon force as a function of the relative distance $r$. We also evaluate the contribution to the nuclear force from each ``Feynman diagram'' such as the quark-exchange diagram individually, and single out the roles of Pauli-blocking effects or quark exchanges in the inter-baryon interactions.

T. T. Takahashi; T. Doi; H. Suganuma

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

147

Nuclear Forces and Nuclear Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Forces and Nuclear Systems Forces and Nuclear Systems Our goal is to achieve a description of nuclear systems ranging in size from the deuteron to nuclear matter and neutron stars using a single parameterization of the nuclear forces. Our work includes both the construction of two- and three-nucleon potentials and the development of many-body techniques for computing nuclear properties with these interactions. Detailed quantitative, computationally intense studies are essential parts of this work. In the last decade we have constructed several realistic two- and three-nucleon potential models. The NN potential, Argonne v18, has a dominant charge-independent piece plus additional charge-dependent and charge-symmetry-breaking terms, including a complete electromagnetic interaction. It fits 4301 pp and np elastic scattering data with a chi**2

148

Interaction forces between oilwater particle interfaces--Non-DLVO forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

silica sphere and a butyl or octyl acetate droplet was measured in an aqueous environment using atomic of the water solubility of the organic liquid, in that the same force­distance characteristics were obtained in industrial applications. They include formulation, stability, and rheological properties of emulsions

Chan, Derek Y C

149

Automatic HTS force measurement instrument  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device is disclosed for measuring the levitation force of a high temperature superconductor sample with respect to a reference magnet includes a receptacle for holding several high temperature superconductor samples each cooled to superconducting temperature. A rotatable carousel successively locates a selected one of the high temperature superconductor samples in registry with the reference magnet. Mechanism varies the distance between one of the high temperature superconductor samples and the reference magnet, and a sensor measures levitation force of the sample as a function of the distance between the reference magnet and the sample. A method is also disclosed. 3 figs.

Sanders, S.T.; Niemann, R.C.

1999-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

150

Automatic HTS force measurement instrument  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device for measuring the levitation force of a high temperature superconductor sample with respect to a reference magnet includes a receptacle for holding several high temperature superconductor samples each cooled to superconducting temperature. A rotatable carousel successively locates a selected one of the high temperature superconductor samples in registry with the reference magnet. Mechanism varies the distance between one of the high temperature superconductor samples and the reference magnet, and a sensor measures levitation force of the sample as a function of the distance between the reference magnet and the sample. A method is also disclosed.

Sanders, Scott T. (Valparaiso, IN); Niemann, Ralph C. (Downers Grove, IL)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Casimir force on a piston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a massless scalar field obeying Dirichlet boundary conditions on the walls of a two-dimensional L x b rectangular box, divided by a movable partition (piston) into two compartments of dimensions a x b and (L-a) x b. We compute the Casimir force on the piston in the limit L -> infinity. Regardless of the value of a/b, the piston is attracted to the nearest end of the box. Asymptotic expressions for the Casimir force on the piston are derived for a > b.

R. M. Cavalcanti

2004-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

152

Work Force Planning for Public Power Utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Work Force Planning for Public Power Utilities: Ensuring Resources to Meet Projected Utilities Need to Do More to Prepare for Their Future Work Force Needs.............................................................................20 #12;ii Work Force Planning for Public Power Utilities #12;1 Work Force Planning for Public Power

153

Solvent-induced forces in protein folding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The solvent-induced forces between various groups on the protein are examined. It is found that the intramolecular hydrophilic forces are likely to be the strongest forces mediated through the solvent. It is argued that these are probably the most important solvent-induced driving forces in the process of protein folding.

Ben-Naim, A. (Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem (Israel))

1990-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

154

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Energy Task Force  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Energy Task Force to Energy Task Force to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Energy Task Force on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Energy Task Force on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Energy Task Force on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Energy Task Force on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Energy Task Force on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Energy Task Force on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Energy Task Force The Governor's Task Force on Energy Policy is developing a state energy plan to facilitate energy efficiency and the use of alternative and renewable fuels in Tennessee. The energy plan will include a summary of

155

Complex Forces Affect China's Biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global efforts have been put into biodiversity conservation, but biodiversity loss continues rapidly in biodiversity conservation to the global level and help protect biodiversity in other developing countries Wiley & Sons, Ltd. #12;208 ConservationBiology COMPLEXITY OF INTERACTING FORCES AFFECTING BIODIVERSITY

156

Kollisionsdetektion fr Force-Feedback-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(high impact velocities or large contact areas) 3. Force-feedback requires a constant update rate.e., in case of no overlap - Complicated to compute penetration depth [Mendoza et al, 2006], [Zhang et al, 2007], ... § Voxels & Points (VPS): + Easy to compute approx. penetration depth - Large memory footprint - Aliasing

Zachmann, Gabriel

157

AIR FORCE SPECIAL WEAPONS CENTER  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

HEADQUARTERS aII?y HEADQUARTERS aII?y 9 AIR FORCE SPECIAL WEAPONS CENTER 1 AIR FORCE SYSTEMS COMMAND . - KlRTlAND AIR FORCE BASE, NEW MEXICO - k FINAL REPORT O N AIR FORCE PARTICIPATION PROJECT RULISON .1 O c t o b e r 1969 P r e p a r e d by : CONT INENTAL TEST D I V I S ION DIRECTORATE OF NUCLEAR FIELD OPERATIONS This page intentionally left blank INDEX AIR FORCE PARTICIPATION I N PROJECT RULISON FINAL REPORT PARAGRAPH BASIC REPORT SUBJECT R e f e r e n c e s PAGE 2 G e n e r a l 1 3 P l a n n i n g 3 4 Command a n d C o n t r o l 5 O p e r a t i o n s , G r a n d ' J u n c t i o n M u n i c i p a l A i r p o r t . . ' A i r O p e r a t i o n s C e n t e r , He1 i c o p t e r P a d / ' 7.. - . M a t e r i e l : ' 8 M e d i c a l 1 9 R a d - S a f e C r a s h - R e s c u e S e c u r i t y 2 1 C o m m u n i c a t i o n s ~ d m i n i s t r a t ' i o n Summary ATTACHMENTS ATTACHMENT SUBJECI' 1 F r a g O r d e r 69-1 ( ~ r o j ' e c t RULISON) , AFSWC D

158

Nuclear Radius and Nuclear Forces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The difference between the radius of the nuclear matter distribution and the nuclear force radius, RN?1.4A1310-13 cm, for heavy nuclei (A>100) is interpreted as a consequence of the finite range of nuclear forces. Assuming that the nuclear matter distribution coincides with the charge distribution as determined at Stanford (RC=1.12A1310-13 cm is the distance at which the charge density falls to one half value) we sum up the nuclear interactions of an incident nucleon for various proposed internucleon potentials, V(r). We also evaluate contributions from the spin, charge, and matter polarizations induced in the nuclear distributions by the incident nucleon as a test of the convergence of these calculations. The aim here is to infer some features of nuclear forces which satisfy saturation requirements and at the same time give rise to an appreciable nuclear attraction for an incident nucleon at RN. Analyses of the scattering of neutrons and protons by heavy nuclei suggest a nuclear attraction ?14 Mev at a distance RN.These considerations are primarily sensitive to the long range behavior of the direct, central part of V(r). The key point which emerges from them is that the nuclear forces must contain long range (~ meson Compton wavelength) direct, central attractions which will be felt by an incident nucleon at RN before the shorter range repulsions (hard cores, many-body forces, or exchange interactions), which are responsible for saturation, become effective. Such interactions can be constructed phenomenologically, but are not found in recent meson-theoretically deduced potentials.

S. D. Drell

1955-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

U.S. Air Force Fact Sheet Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Air Force. Personnel and Resources Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) includes fourU.S. Air Force Fact Sheet Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps Mission Develop Quality Leaders Reserve Officer Training Corps is the largest and oldest source of commissioned officers for the Air Force

Su, Xiao

160

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2012, based on zinc contained in concentrate, was about  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

188 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production uses. Zinc compounds and dust were used principally by the agricultural, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Salient Statistics--United States: 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 e Production: Mine, zinc in ore

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

(Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: For the first time in history, Chile surpassed the United States as the largest producer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of synthetic rubber. Salient Statistics--United States: 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997e Production W W W W W Imports98 LITHIUM (Data in metric tons of contained lithium, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production for domestic consumption as well as for export to other countries; reported production and value of production

162

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 1995 was about $700 million. Essentially all came from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

188 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use were used principally by the agricultural, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts--United States: 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995e Production: Mine, recoverable 518 523 488 570 600 Primary slab zinc 253

163

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2010, based on zinc contained in concentrate, was about  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

188 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production uses. Zinc compounds and dust were used principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber, and germanium. Salient Statistics--United States: 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 e Production: Mine, zinc in ore

164

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2011, based on zinc contained in concentrate, was about  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

188 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production uses. Zinc compounds and dust were used principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Salient Statistics--United States: 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 e Production: Mine, zinc in ore

165

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 1996 was about $800 million. Essentially all came from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

190 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production were used principally by the agricultural, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts--United States: 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996e Production: Mine, recoverable 523 488 570 614 6201 Primary slab zinc

166

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2007, based on zinc contained in concentrate, was about  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

190 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production U.S. production. One primary and 12 large- and medium-sized secondary smelters refined zinc metal by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber industries. Major coproducts of zinc mining and smelting, in order

167

(Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: The value of zinc mined in 2009, based on zinc contained in concentrate, was about  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

184 ZINC (Data in thousand metric tons of zinc content unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production uses. Zinc compounds and dust were used principally by the agriculture, chemical, paint, and rubber, and germanium. Salient Statistics--United States: 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009e Production: Mine, zinc in ore

168

(Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: Domestic mine production in 1997 was essentially unchanged at 1.9 million metric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

52 COPPER (Data in thousand metric tons of copper content, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Mexico, Nevada, and Montana, accounted for 98% of domestic production; copper was also recovered at mines in six other States. While copper was recovered at about 35 mines operating in the United States, 15

169

Lorentz Force Electrical Impedance Tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article describes a method called Lorentz Force Electrical Impedance Tomography. The electrical conductivity of biological tissues can be measured through their sonication in a magnetic field: the vibration of the tissues inside the field induces an electrical current by Lorentz force. This current, detected by electrodes placed around the sample, is proportional to the ultrasonic pressure, to the strength of the magnetic field and to the electrical conductivity gradient along the acoustic axis. By focusing at different places inside the sample, a map of the electrical conductivity gradient can be established. In this study experiments were conducted on a gelatin phantom and on a beef sample, successively placed in a 300 mT magnetic field and sonicated with an ultrasonic transducer focused at 21 cm emitting 500 kHz bursts. Although all interfaces are not visible, in this exploratory study a good correlation is observed between the electrical conductivity image and the ultrasonic image. This method offers...

Grasland-Mongrain, Pol; Chapelon, Jean-Yves; Lafon, Cyril

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Friction forces in cosmological models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the dynamics of test particles undergoing friction forces in a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) spacetime. The interaction with the background fluid is modeled by introducing a Poynting-Robertson-like friction force in the equations of motion, leading to measurable (at least in principle) deviations of the particle trajectories from geodesic motion. The effect on the peculiar velocities of the particles is investigated for various equations of state of the background fluid and different standard cosmological models. The friction force is found to have major effects on particle motion in closed FRW universes, where it turns the time-asymptotic value (approaching the recollapse) of the peculiar particle velocity from ultra-relativistic (close to light speed) to a co-moving one, i.e., zero peculiar speed. On the other hand, for open or flat universes the effect of the friction is not so significant, because the time-asymptotic peculiar particle speed is largely non-relativistic also in the geodesi...

Bini, Donato; Gregoris, Daniele; Succi, Sauro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Friction forces in cosmological models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the dynamics of test particles undergoing friction forces in a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) spacetime. The interaction with the background fluid is modeled by introducing a Poynting-Robertson-like friction force in the equations of motion, leading to measurable (at least in principle) deviations of the particle trajectories from geodesic motion. The effect on the peculiar velocities of the particles is investigated for various equations of state of the background fluid and different standard cosmological models. The friction force is found to have major effects on particle motion in closed FRW universes, where it turns the time-asymptotic value (approaching the recollapse) of the peculiar particle velocity from ultra-relativistic (close to light speed) to a co-moving one, i.e., zero peculiar speed. On the other hand, for open or flat universes the effect of the friction is not so significant, because the time-asymptotic peculiar particle speed is largely non-relativistic also in the geodesic case.

Donato Bini; Andrea Geralico; Daniele Gregoris; Sauro Succi

2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

172

CORROSION OF ALUMINUM CLAD SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL IN THE 70 TON CASK DURING TRANSFER FROM L AREA TO H-CANYON  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aluminum-clad spent nuclear fuel will be transported for processing in the 70-ton nuclear fuel element cask from L Basin to H-canyon. During transport these fuels would be expected to experience high temperature aqueous corrosion from the residual L Basin water that will be present in the cask. Cladding corrosion losses during transport were calculated for material test reactor (MTR) and high flux isotope reactors (HFIR) fuels using literature and site information on aqueous corrosion at a range of time/temperature conditions. Calculations of the cladding corrosion loss were based on Arrhenius relationships developed for aluminum alloys typical of cladding material with the primary assumption that an adherent passive film does not form to retard the initial corrosion rate. For MTR fuels a cladding thickness loss of 33 % was found after 1 year in the cask with a maximum temperature of 260 {degrees}C. HFIR fuels showed a thickness loss of only 6% after 1 year at a maximum temperature of 180 {degrees}C. These losses are not expected to impact the overall confinement function of the aluminum cladding.

Mickalonis, J.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 May 2009 Demonstrating commercially availale physical security/force protection soultions around the world The bombing of Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia on 25 June 1996 revealed the need for continal vigilance and protection againist terrorist forces intent on harming US personnel and interests. The Chairman if the Joint Chiefs of Staff directed the Services to investigate COTS equipments solutions for physical security/force protection needs. The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquistion, Technology, and Logistics (OUSD {at&l}) tasked the Office of the US Army Product Manager, force Protection Systems (PM-FPS), to coordiante and facilitate a Force Protection Equipment

174

Development of a light force accelerometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, the feasibility of a light force accelerometer was experimentally demonstrated. The light force accelerometer is an optical inertial sensor which uses focused laser light to levitate and trap glass microspheres ...

Butts, David LaGrange

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Reduction-in-Force | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reduction-in-Force Reduction in force (RIF) is a set of regulations and procedures that are used to determine whether an employee keeps his or her present position, or...

176

A Dynamic Defense Force for Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Dynamic Defense Force for Japan Sugio TAKAHASHI SUMMARY AGuidelines released by Japan in 2010, the most important isconcept, which will enable the Japan Self-Defense Forces to

TAKAHASHI, Sugio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Nuclear Radiological Threat Task Force Established | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Radiological Threat Task Force Established | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy...

178

Three-body forces and the trinucleons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three-body forces are discussed in the context of classical, atomic, solid-state and nuclear physics. The basic theoretical ingredients used in the construction of such forces are reviewed. Experimental evidence for three-nucleon forces and an overview of the three-nucleon bound states are presented. 53 refs., 9 figs.

Friar, J.L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Theory of trapping forces in optical tweezers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...been used to measure forces in the piconewton range...investigations in some fundamental fields of cell biology...result for the transverse force as given by (3.9...Stegun, I. 1972 Handbook of mathematical functions...Dover. Ashkin, A. 1992 Forces of a single beam gradient...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Quarkonium Binding and Entropic Force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Q-Qbar bound state represents a balance between repulsive kinetic and attractive potential energy. In a hot quark-gluon plasma, the interaction potential experiences medium effects. Color screening modifies the attractive binding force between the quarks, while the increase of entropy with Q-Qbar separation gives rise to a growing repulsion. We study the role of these phenomena for in-medium Q-Qbar binding and dissociation. It is found that the relevant potential for Q-Qbar binding is the free energy F; with increasing Q-Qbar separation, further binding through the internal energy U is compensated by repulsive entropic effects.

Satz, Helmut

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Air Force Enhanced Use Lease  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 1 Air Force Enhanced Use Lease Mr. Brian Brown 16 Oct. 12 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e 2 Agenda  Brian Brown  Enhanced Use Lease (EUL) Overview  Energy EULs  EUL Goals  David Swanson  Energy EUL Market Drivers  Current EUL Projects  Partnering with the Air Force  Contact Information I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e 3 Overview  Authority 10 USC 2667  An EUL is a lease  By the government  Of "non-excess" property  Under the control of the government  To a public or private sector lessee  In exchange for fair market value rental payments in cash and/or in kind consideration I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e

182

Lorentz-Force Hydrophone Characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Lorentz-force hydrophone consists of a thin wire placed inside a magnetic field. When under the influence of an ultrasound pulse, the wire vibrates and an electrical signal is induced by the Lorentz force that is proportional to the pulse amplitude. In this study a compact prototype of such a hydrophone is introduced and characterized, and the hydrodynamic model previously developed is refined. It is shown that the wire tension has a negligible effect on the measurement of pressure. The frequency response of the hydrophone reaches 1 MHz for wires with a diameter ranging between 70 and 400 \\micro m. The hydrophone exhibits a directional response such that the signal amplitude differs by less than 3dB as the angle of the incident ultrasound pulse varies from -20$^o$ and +20$^o$. The linearity of the measured signal is confirmed across the 50 kPa to 10 MPa pressure range, and an excellent resistance to cavitation is observed. This hydrophone is of interest for high pressure ultrasound measurements including Hi...

Grasland-Mongrain, Pol; Gilles, Bruno; Poizat, Adrien; Chapelon, Jean-Yves; Lafon, Cyril

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Army Energy Initiatives Task Force  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Army Energy Initiatives Task Force Kathy Ahsing Director, Planning and Development UNCLASSIFIED 2 Perfect Storm UNCLASSIFIED 3 U.S. Army Energy Consumption, 2010 23% 77% 42% 58%  Facilities  Vehicles & Equipment (Tactical and Non-tactical) Sources: Energy Information Agency, 2010 Annual Energy Review; Agency Annual Energy Management Data Reports submitted to DOE's Federal Energy Management Program (Preliminary FY 2010) 32% 68% DoD 80% Army 21% Federal Gov 1% Federal Government United States Department of Defense U.S. = 98,079 Trillion Btu DoD = 889 Trillion Btu Fed Gov = 1,108 Trillion Btu U.S. Army = 189 Trillion Btu FY10 Highlights - $2.5+B Operational Energy Costs - $1.2 B Facility Energy Costs

184

Dark Forces At The Tevatron  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

A simple explanation of the W + dijet excess recently reported by the CDF collaboration involves the introduction of a new gauge boson with sizable couplings to quarks, but with no or highly suppressed couplings to leptons. Anomaly-free theories which include such a leptophobic gauge boson must also include additional particle content, which may include a stable and otherwise viable candidate for dark matter. Based on the couplings and mass of the Z` required to generate the CDF excess, we predict such a dark matter candidate to possess an elastic scattering cross section with nucleons on the order of ? ~ 10-40 cm2, providing a natural explanation for the signals reported by the CoGeNT and DAMA/LIBRA collaborations. In this light, CDF may be observing the gauge boson responsible for the force which mediates the interactions between the dark and visible matter of our universe.

Buckley, Matt [Fermilab; Fileviez Perez, Pavel [Wisconsin U., Madison; Hooper, Dan [Fermilab; Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr.; Neil, Ethan [Fermilab

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

185

Frictional forces in helical buckling of tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous analyses of helical buckling of tubing have not considered frictional forces. This paper describes the modifications to helical buckling theory necessary to include friction. The first need is a relationship between the buckling force and the casing to tubing contact force. This contact force is determined through use of the principle of virtual work. The next need is the relationship between the friction forces, the buckling force, and the geometry of the tubing helix. Differential equations are derived and solved for two cases of interest: buckling during the landing of the tubing and thermal and differential pressure loading subsequent to landing. Several example problems are examined to evaluate the relative importance of friction.

Mitchell, R.F.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Casimir force between integrable and chaotic pistons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have computed numerically the Casimir force between two identical pistons inside a very long cylinder, considering different shapes for the pistons. The pistons can be considered as quantum billiards, whose spectrum determines the vacuum force. The smooth part of the spectrum fixes the force at short distances, and depends only on geometric quantities like the area or perimeter of the piston. However, correcting terms to the force, coming from the oscillating part of the spectrum which is related to the classical dynamics of the billiard, are qualitatively different for classically integrable or chaotic systems. We have performed a detailed numerical analysis of the corresponding Casimir force for pistons with regular and chaotic classical dynamics. For a family of stadium billiards, we have found that the correcting part of the Casimir force presents a sudden change in the transition from regular to chaotic geometries.

Ezequiel Alvarez; Francisco Diego Mazzitelli; Alejandro G. Monastra; Diego A. Wisniacki

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

187

The force exerted by a fireball  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The force exerted by a fireball was deduced both from the change of the equilibrium position of a pendulum and from the change in the pendulum oscillation period. That measured force was found to be several times larger than the force exerted by the ions accelerated across the double layer that is assumed to surround the fireball. The force enhancement that is expected by ion-neutral collisions in the fireball is evaluated to be too small to explain the measured enhanced force. Gas pressure increase, due to gas heating through electron-neutral collisions, as recently suggested [Stenzel et al., J. Appl. Phys. 109, 113305 (2011)], is examined as the source for the force enhancement.

Makrinich, G.; Fruchtman, A. [H.I.T. - Holon Institute of Technology, 52 Golomb St., Holon 58102 (Israel)] [H.I.T. - Holon Institute of Technology, 52 Golomb St., Holon 58102 (Israel)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Magnus force effect in optical manipulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of the Magnus force in optical micromanipulation has been observed. An ad hoc experiment has been designed based on a one-dimensional optical trap that carries angular momentum. The observed particle dynamics reveals the occurrence of this hydrodynamic force, which is neglected in the common approach. Its measured value is larger than the one predicted by the existing theoretical models for micrometric particles and low Reynolds number, showing that the Magnus force can contribute to unconventional optohydrodynamic trapping and manipulation.

Cipparrone, Gabriella; Pagliusi, Pasquale [Dipartimento di Fisica and Centro di Eccellenza CEMIF.CAL, University of Calabria, Ponte P. Bucci, Cubo 33B, I-87036 Rende (Italy); Istituto per i Processi Chimici e Fisici, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Ponte P. Bucci, Cubo 33B, I-87036 Rende (Italy); Hernandez, Raul Josue; Provenzano, Clementina [Dipartimento di Fisica and Centro di Eccellenza CEMIF.CAL, University of Calabria, Ponte P. Bucci, Cubo 33B, I-87036 Rende (Italy)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Reduction of the Casimir force using aerogels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By using silicon oxide based aerogels we show numerically that the Casimir force can be reduced several orders of magnitude making its effect negligible in nanodevices. This decrease in the Casimir force is also present even when the aerogels are deposited on metallic substrates. To calculate the Casimir force we model the dielectric function of silicon oxide aerogels using an effective medium dielectric function such as the ClausiusMossotti approximation. The results show that both the porosity of the aerogel and its thickness can be used as control parameters to reduce the magnitude of the Casimir force.

R. Esquivel-Sirvent

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Ellsworth Air Force Base Advanced Metering Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the Ellsworth Air Force Base Advanced Metering project and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Providence, Rhode Island.

191

Interagency Energy Management Task Force Members  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Interagency Energy Management Task Force is led by the Federal Energy Management Program director, and its members include energy and sustainability managers from federal agencies.

192

Nuclear Force from Lattice QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first lattice QCD result on the nuclear force (the NN potential) is presented in the quenched level. The standard Wilson gauge action and the standard Wilson quark action are employed on the lattice of the size 16^3\\times 24 with the gauge coupling beta=5.7 and the hopping parameter kappa=0.1665. To obtain the NN potential, we adopt a method recently proposed by CP-PACS collaboration to study the pi pi scattering phase shift. It turns out that this method provides the NN potentials which are faithful to those obtained in the analysis of NN scattering data. By identifying the equal-time Bethe-Salpeter wave function with the Schroedinger wave function for the two nucleon system, the NN potential is reconstructed so that the wave function satisfies the time-independent Schroedinger equation. In this report, we restrict ourselves to the J^P=0^+ and I=1 channel, which enables us to pick up unambiguously the ``central'' NN potential V_{central}(r). The resulting potential is seen to posses a clear repulsive core of about 500 MeV at short distance (r < 0.5 fm). Although the attraction in the intermediate and long distance regions is still missing in the present lattice set-up, our method is appeared to be quite promising in reconstructing the NN potential with lattice QCD.

Noriyoshi ISHII; Sinya AOKI; Tetsuo HATSUDA

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

FEDERAL SMART GRID TASK FORCE - February 26, 2009 Task Force Meeting Agenda  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FEDERAL SMART GRID TASK FORCE - February 26, 2009 Task Force FEDERAL SMART GRID TASK FORCE - February 26, 2009 Task Force Meeting Agenda FEDERAL SMART GRID TASK FORCE - February 26, 2009 Task Force Meeting Agenda February 26, 2009 Task Force Meeting Agenda - CONFERENCE CALL Agenda FEDERAL SMART GRID TASK FORCE CONFERENCE CALL February 26, 2009 10:00-11:00 AM 10:00 Opening and Introduction - Eric Lightner, DOE * Call the meeting to order, around-the-table introductions, review of the agenda, additions to agenda 10:05 Update from DOE - Eric Lightner * Stimulus update * E-Forum * Fact sheet - discussion 10:30 Update from FERC - Ray Palmer, David Andrejcak * NARUC-FERC Smart Grid Collaborative meeting update 10:40 Update from NIST - William Anderson, Jerry FitzPatrick * Interoperability Standards Framework report to Congress

194

Einstein's Dream of Unified Forces - forces | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Do all the forces become one? Do all the forces become one? The International Linear Collider The U.S. is pushing superconducting technology forward for use in future accelerators like the proposed International Linear Collider. (Credit: Fermilab) At the most fundamental level, particles and forces may converge, either through hidden principles like grand unification, or through radical physics like superstring. We already know that remarkably similar mathematical laws and principles describe all the known forces except gravity. Perhaps all forces are different manifestations of a single grand unified force, a force that would relate quarks to leptons and predict new ways of converting one kind of particle into another. Such a force might eventually make protons decay, rendering ordinary matter unstable.

195

Tendon Arrangement and Muscle Force Requirements for Humanlike Force Capabilities in a Robotic Finger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finger Nancy S. Pollard and Richards C. Gilbert Brown University Abstract Human motion can provide a rich hand has strong asym- metry in these directions: flexion forces ­ the forces needed to form a power

Pollard, Nancy

196

An improved proximity force approximation for electrostatics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A quite straightforward approximation for the electrostatic interaction between two perfectly conducting surfaces suggests itself when the distance between them is much smaller than the characteristic lengths associated with their shapes. Indeed, in the so called 'proximity force approximation' the electrostatic force is evaluated by first dividing each surface into a set of small flat patches, and then adding up the forces due two opposite pairs, the contributions of which are approximated as due to pairs of parallel planes. This approximation has been widely and successfully applied in different contexts, ranging from nuclear physics to Casimir effect calculations. We present here an improvement on this approximation, based on a derivative expansion for the electrostatic energy contained between the surfaces. The results obtained could be useful for discussing the geometric dependence of the electrostatic force, and also as a convenient benchmark for numerical analyses of the tip-sample electrostatic interaction in atomic force microscopes. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The proximity force approximation (PFA) has been widely used in different areas. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The PFA can be improved using a derivative expansion in the shape of the surfaces. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We use the improved PFA to compute electrostatic forces between conductors. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The results can be used as an analytic benchmark for numerical calculations in AFM. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Insight is provided for people who use the PFA to compute nuclear and Casimir forces.

Fosco, Cesar D. [Centro Atomico Bariloche, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, R8402AGP Bariloche (Argentina) [Centro Atomico Bariloche, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, R8402AGP Bariloche (Argentina); Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, R8402AGP Bariloche (Argentina); Lombardo, Fernando C. [Departamento de Fisica Juan Jose Giambiagi, FCEyN UBA, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellon I, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina) [Departamento de Fisica Juan Jose Giambiagi, FCEyN UBA, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellon I, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina); IFIBA (Argentina)] [Argentina; Mazzitelli, Francisco D., E-mail: fdmazzi@cab.cnea.gov.ar [Centro Atomico Bariloche, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, R8402AGP Bariloche (Argentina); Departamento de Fisica Juan Jose Giambiagi, FCEyN UBA, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellon I, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Work Force Retention Work Group Charter  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Work force Retention Work Group is established to support the Departments critical focus on maintaining a high-performing work force at a time when a significant number of the workers needed to support DOEs national security mission are reaching retirement age.

198

U.S.Air Force Advanced Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency,improved power distribution,reduced fuel dependency,reduction of noise,heat,and visual signatureU.S.Air Force Advanced Power Technology Office (APTO) U.S.Air Force Advanced Power Technology/Wind Powered Hydrogen Generation for Fuel Cell Applications · Waste-To-Energy APTO/Small Business Innovation

199

Water Conservation Task Force (2014 Charge)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Conservation Task Force (2014 Charge) The Task Force will advise the Chancellor and Campus Provost/Executive Vice Chancellor (CP/EVC) on current and past water use and provide recommendations on implementation of policies for potable water use reductions in support of The Regents Policy on Sustainable

California at Santa Cruz, University of

200

Sustainability Initiative Task Force Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UW­Madison Sustainability Initiative Task Force Final Report October 2010 #12;We are pleased to present the final report of the campus Sustainability Task Force. This report fulfills the charge we gave to sustainability for consideration by UW­Madison's leadership and campus community. There are many reasons why

Sheridan, Jennifer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ARM - PI Product - Direct Aerosol Forcing Uncertainty  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ProductsDirect Aerosol Forcing Uncertainty ProductsDirect Aerosol Forcing Uncertainty Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Direct Aerosol Forcing Uncertainty Site(s) NSA SGP TWP General Description Understanding sources of uncertainty in aerosol direct radiative forcing (DRF), the difference in a given radiative flux component with and without aerosol, is essential to quantifying changes in Earth's radiation budget. We examine the uncertainty in DRF due to measurement uncertainty in the quantities on which it depends: aerosol optical depth, single scattering albedo, asymmetry parameter, solar geometry, and surface albedo. Direct radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere and at the surface as well as sensitivities, the changes in DRF in response to unit changes in

202

Force localization in contracting cell layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Epithelial cell layers on soft elastic substrates or pillar arrays are commonly used as model systems for investigating the role of force in tissue growth, maintenance and repair. Here we show analytically that the experimentally observed localization of traction forces to the periphery of the cell layers does not necessarily imply increased local cell activity, but follows naturally from the elastic problem of a finite-sized contractile layer coupled to an elastic foundation. For homogeneous contractility, the force localization is determined by one dimensionless parameter interpolating between linear and exponential force profiles for the extreme cases of very soft and very stiff substrates, respectively. If contractility is sufficiently increased at the periphery, outward directed displacements can occur at intermediate positions, although the edge itself still retracts. We also show that anisotropic extracellular stiffness leads to force localization in the stiffer direction, as observed experimentally.

Carina M. Edwards; Ulrich S. Schwarz

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

203

Measurement of tool forces in diamond turning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dynamometer has been designed and built to measure forces in diamond turning. The design includes a 3-component, piezoelectric transducer. Initial experiments with this dynamometer system included verification of its predicted dynamic characteristics as well as a detailed study of cutting parameters. Many cutting experiments have been conducted on OFHC Copper and 6061-T6 Aluminum. Tests have involved investigation of velocity effects, and the effects of depth and feedrate on tool forces. Velocity has been determined to have negligible effects between 4 and 21 m/s. Forces generally increase with increasing depth of cut. Increasing feedrate does not necessarily lead to higher forces. Results suggest that a simple model may not be sufficient to describe the forces produced in the diamond turning process.

Drescher, J.; Dow, T.A.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Field-regulated force by grafted polyelectrolytes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation of mechanical force regulated by external electric field is studied both theoretically and by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The force arises in deformable bodies linked to the free end of a grafted polyelectrolyte chain which is exposed to electric field that favours its adsorption. We consider a few target bodies with different force-deformation relations including (i) linear and (ii) cubic dependences as well as (iii) Hertzian-like force. Such force-deformation relations mimic the behaviour of (i) coiled and (ii) stretched polymer chains, respectively, or (iii) that of a squeezed colloidal particle. The magnitude of the arising force varies over a wide interval although the electric field alters within a relatively narrow range only. The predictions of our theory agree quantitatively well with the results of numerical simulations. Both cases of zero and finite electrical current are investigated and we do not obtain substantial differences in the force generated. The phenomenon studied could possibly be utilised to design, e.g., vice-like devices to fix nano-sized objects.

Christian Seidel; Yury A. Budkov; Nikolay V. Brilliantov

2014-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

205

Piezoresistive cantilever force-clamp system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a microelectromechanical device-based tool, namely, a force-clamp system that sets or ''clamps'' the scaled force and can apply designed loading profiles (e.g., constant, sinusoidal) of a desired magnitude. The system implements a piezoresistive cantilever as a force sensor and the built-in capacitive sensor of a piezoelectric actuator as a displacement sensor, such that sample indentation depth can be directly calculated from the force and displacement signals. A programmable real-time controller operating at 100 kHz feedback calculates the driving voltage of the actuator. The system has two distinct modes: a force-clamp mode that controls the force applied to a sample and a displacement-clamp mode that controls the moving distance of the actuator. We demonstrate that the system has a large dynamic range (sub-nN up to tens of {mu}N force and nm up to tens of {mu}m displacement) in both air and water, and excellent dynamic response (fast response time, <2 ms and large bandwidth, 1 Hz up to 1 kHz). In addition, the system has been specifically designed to be integrated with other instruments such as a microscope with patch-clamp electronics. We demonstrate the capabilities of the system by using it to calibrate the stiffness and sensitivity of an electrostatic actuator and to measure the mechanics of a living, freely moving Caenorhabditis elegans nematode.

Park, Sung-Jin; Petzold, Bryan C.; Pruitt, Beth L. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Goodman, Miriam B. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

In vivo recording of aerodynamic force with an aerodynamic force platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flapping wings enable flying animals and biomimetic robots to generate elevated aerodynamic forces. Measurements that demonstrate this capability are based on tethered experiments with robots and animals, and indirect force calculations based on measured kinematics or airflow during free flight. Remarkably, there exists no method to measure these forces directly during free flight. Such in vivo recordings in freely behaving animals are essential to better understand the precise aerodynamic function of their flapping wings, in particular during the downstroke versus upstroke. Here we demonstrate a new aerodynamic force platform (AFP) for nonintrusive aerodynamic force measurement in freely flying animals and robots. The platform encloses the animal or object that generates fluid force with a physical control surface, which mechanically integrates the net aerodynamic force that is transferred to the earth. Using a straightforward analytical solution of the Navier-Stokes equation, we verified that the method is ...

Lentink, David; Ingersoll, Rivers

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The effect of patch potentials in Casimir force measurements determined by heterodyne Kelvin probe force microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of the Casimir force require the elimination of electrostatic interactions between the surfaces. However, due to electrostatic patch potentials, the voltage required to minimize the total force may not be sufficient to completely nullify the electrostatic interaction. Thus, these surface potential variations cause an additional force, which can obscure the Casimir force signal. In this paper, we inspect the spatially varying surface potential (SP) of e-beamed, sputtered, sputtered and annealed, and template stripped gold surfaces with Heterodyne Amplitude Modulated Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (HAM-KPFM). It is demonstrated that HAM-KPFM improves the spatial resolution of surface potential measurements compared to Amplitude Modulated Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (AM-KPFM). We find that patch potentials vary depending on sample preparation, and that the calculated pressure can be similar to the pressure difference between Casimir force calculations employing the plasma and Drude models.

Joseph L. Garrett; David Somers; Jeremy N. Munday

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

208

Definition: Forced Outage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forced Outage Forced Outage Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Forced Outage The removal from service availability of a generating unit, transmission line, or other facility for emergency reasons., The condition in which the equipment is unavailable due to unanticipated failure.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Forced_Outage&oldid=480310" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data

209

Kirland Air Force Base wins Robot Rodeo  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kirland Air Force Base wins Robot Rodeo Kirland Air Force Base wins Robot Rodeo Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Kirland Air Force Base wins Robot Rodeo Hazardous devices teams test their maneuvering skills July 1, 2013 Students from Valarde Middle School won the video competition in the Best in Show and Middle School categories. They are shown here with sixth-grade teacher Jimmy Lara. During the Robot Rodeo, an unseen operator attempts to conduct reconnaissance and rescue injured personnel Contact Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email Kirland Air Force Base wins Robot Rodeo Police and public safety teams from as far away as New Jersey recently convened in Albuquerque to test their ability to remotely deploy robots

210

U.S. Air Force UESCs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentationgiven at the Spring 2009 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meetingcovers the U.S. Air Force's approval process, submittal requirements, and guidelines for utility energy service contracts (UESCs).

211

Qualifying Facility Wheeling Task Force-- Status Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Docket No. 8650 that the PUCT review the applicability of certain parts of the wheeling rules, and in April the Commission appointed a task force composed of representatives from affected industries, utilities, and regulatory staff to review the wheeling...

Panjavan, S.

212

Polarization dependent forces in optical vortex pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study both, theoretically and in experiments, the dependence of optical forces acting on a spherical particle guided in air with an optical vortex beam, on the light polarization...

Eckerskorn, Niko; Krolikowski, Wieslaw; Shvedov, Vladlen; Rode, Andrei

213

MagLab - Lorentz Force Tutorial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

downloading the latest version of Java. A charged particle moving through a magnetic field experiences a force that is at right angles to both the direction in which the...

214

Macroscopic approach to the Casimir friction force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The general formula is derived for the vacuum friction force between two parallel perfectly flat planes bounding two material media separated by a vacuum gap and moving relative to each other with a constant velocity $\\mathbf{v}$. The material media are described in the framework of macroscopic electrodynamics whereas the nonzero temperature and dissipation are taken into account by making use of the Kubo formulae from non-equilibrium statistical thermodynamics. The formula obtained provides a rigorous basis for calculation of the vacuum friction force within the quantum field theory methods in the condensed matter physics. The revealed $v$-dependence of the vacuum friction force proves to be the following: for zero temperature ($T=0$) it is proportional to $(v/c)^3$ and for $T>0$ this force is linear in $(v/c)$.

V. V. Nesterenko; A. V. Nesterenko

2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

215

Modelling the climate response to orbital forcing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...next few years there will be a tremendous expansion in models that include several additional components. Such Earth system models will at last allow us to fully tackle the link between orbital forcing, climate variability, and the sediment...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Sponsored by Air Force Research Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sponsored by Air Force Research Laboratory Space Vehicles Directorate Directed Energy Directorate PROGRAM Space Scholars and Directed Energy Scholars The Space Vehicles and Directed Energy Directorates Scholars The Phillips Scholars internship offers an edu- cational and fulfilling summer job experience

Piao, Daqing

217

Static forces in a superconducting magnet bearing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Static levitation forces and stiffnesses in a superconducting bearing consisting of concentric ring magnets and a superconducting YBaCuO ring are investigated. In the field-cooled mode a levitation force of 20 N has been achieved. The axial and radial stiffnesses have values of 15 N/mm and 10 N/mm, respectively. An arrangement with two bearings supporting a high speed shaft is now under development. A possible application of superconducting magnetic bearings is flywheels for energy storage.

Stoye, P.; Fuchs, G. [Institut fuer Festkoerper- und Werkstofforschung, Dresden (Germany)] [Institut fuer Festkoerper- und Werkstofforschung, Dresden (Germany); Gawalek, W.; Goernert, P. [Institut fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena (Germany)] [Institut fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena (Germany); Gladun, A. [Technische Univ., Dresden (Germany)] [Technische Univ., Dresden (Germany)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

SEAB Subcommittees and Task Forces | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

is chaired by Shirley Ann Jackson. Task Forces: The SEAB Next Generation High Performance Computing Task Force The SEAB Task Force to Support the Evaluation of the New Funding...

219

Report of the Task Force on Next Generation High Performance...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report of the Task Force on Next Generation High Performance Computing Report of the Task Force on Next Generation High Performance Computing The SEAB Task Force on Next Generation...

220

A verification of quantum field theory measurement of Casimir force  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here we review our work on measurement of the Casimir force between a large aluminum coated a sphere and flat plate using an atomic force microscope. The average statistical precision is 1% of the force measur...

Anushree Roy; U Mohideen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Mechanical Network in Titin Immunoglobulin from Force Distribution Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical Network in Titin Immunoglobulin from Force Distribution Analysis Wolfram Stacklies1. , M, Stuttgart, Germany Abstract The role of mechanical force in cellular processes is increasingly revealed force propagates within proteins determines their mechanical behavior yet remains largely unknown. We

Gräter, Frauke

222

"EOD, Up!" how explosive ordnance disposal forces can best support special operations forces .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??U.S. special operations forces (SOF) are likely to undertake missions against terrorists, insurgents, and other enemies where they will encounter explosive hazards. Identification, detection, and (more)

Draper, Stephen R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Protective Force Protocols for ESS Supported Performance Tests...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Protective Force Protocols for ESS Supported Performance Tests and Exercises, March 12, 2007 Protective Force Protocols for ESS Supported Performance Tests and Exercises, March 12,...

224

6.641 Electromagnetic Fields, Forces, and Motion, Spring 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric and magnetic quasistatic forms of Maxwell's equations applied to dielectric, conduction, and magnetization boundary value problems. Electromagnetic forces, force densities, and stress tensors, including magnetization ...

Zahn, Markus, 1946-

225

Climate Change Task Force Webinar Series | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Climate Change Task Force Webinar Series Climate Change Task Force Webinar Series The four-part Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country webinar series provided tribal leaders an...

226

Northeast High-Level Radioactive Waste Transportation Task Force...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Northeast High-Level Radioactive Waste Transportation Task Force Agenda Northeast High-Level Radioactive Waste Transportation Task Force Agenda Northeast High-Level Radioactive...

227

U.S. Air Force Energy Program Presentation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Omar Mendoza, U.S. Air Force, presentation on the U.S. Air Force Energy Program at the Advanced Biofuels Industry Roundtable.

228

Government and Industry A Force for Collaboration at the Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Government and Industry A Force for Collaboration at the Energy Roadmap Update Workshop Government and Industry A Force for Collaboration at the Energy Roadmap Update Workshop...

229

General Multiobjective Force Field Optimization Framework, with Application to Reactive Force Fields for Silicon Carbide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fields for Silicon Carbide Andres Jaramillo-Botero,* Saber Naserifar, and William A. Goddard, III: (1) the ReaxFF reactive force field for modeling the adiabatic reactive dynamics of silicon carbide specific force field parameters for tripod metal templates, tripodMO(CO)3, using the root mean square

Goddard III, William A.

230

A molecular mechanics force field for lignin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molecular Molecular Mechanics Force Field for Lignin LOUKAS PETRIDIS, JEREMY C. SMITH Center for Molecular Biophysics, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 Received 14 February 2008; Revised 8 May 2008; Accepted 12 June 2008 DOI 10.1002/jcc.21075 Published online 1 August 2008 in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). Abstract: A CHARMM molecular mechanics force field for lignin is derived. Parameterization is based on reproducing quantum mechanical data of model compounds. Partial atomic charges are derived using the RESP electrostatic potential fitting method supplemented by the examination of methoxybenzene:water interactions. Dihedral parameters are optimized by fitting to critical rotational potentials and bonded parameters are obtained by optimizing vibrational frequencies and normal modes. Finally, the force field is validated

231

Spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy of biomass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Spectroscopy Spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy of biomass L. Tetard a,b , A. Passian a,b,n , R.H. Farahi a , U.C. Kalluri c , B.H. Davison c , T. Thundat a,b a Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA b Department of Physics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA c Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Atomic force microscopy Spectroscopy Plant cells Biomass Nanomechanics a b s t r a c t Scanning probe microscopy has emerged as a powerful approach to a broader understanding of the molecular architecture of cell walls, which may shed light on the challenge of efficient cellulosic ethanol production. We have obtained preliminary images of both Populus and switchgrass samples using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results show distinctive features that are shared by switchgrass

232

Electromigration wind force at stepped Al surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When an electrical current flows parallel to a stepped metal surface, each step experiences a force due to momentum transfer from the carriers that are diffusely scattered by the step edge. In this paper, a ballistic model is used to compute the wind force per unit length acting on the steps of vicinal (100) surfaces of Al. The carrier scattering at the surface is described by a potential-barrier model fit to the results of a first-principles calculation of the surface-induced resistivity of the unstepped surface. The magnitude of the wind force is an increasing function of the step terrace width and reaches a constant value as the steps move apart. For an isolated step on a Al(100) surface, the effective wind valence per unit length of the step edge is zw?-15e -1. This value is equivalent to a wind valence of zw?-43e per atom at the leading edge of each step.

P. J. Rous

1999-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Dynamical friction force exerted on spherical bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a rigorous calculation of the dynamical friction force exerted on a spherical massive perturber moving through an infinite homogenous system of field stars. By calculating the shape and mass of the polarization cloud induced by the perturber in the background system, which decelerates the motion of the perturber, we recover Chandrasekhar's drag force law with a modified Coulomb logarithm. As concrete examples we calculate the drag force exerted on a Plummer sphere or a sphere with the density distribution of a Hernquist profile. It is shown that the shape of the perturber affects only the exact form of the Coulomb logarithm. The latter converges on small scales, because encounters of the test and field stars with impact parameters less than the size of the massive perturber become inefficient. We confirm this way earlier results based on the impulse approximation of small angle scatterings.

O. Esquivel; B. Fuchs

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

234

Giant vacuum forces via transmission lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum electromagnetic fluctuations induce forces between neutral particles, known as the van der Waals (vdW) and Casimir interactions. These fundamental forces, mediated by virtual photons from the vacuum, play an important role in basic physics and chemistry, and in emerging technologies involving, e.g. micro-electromechanical systems or quantum information processing. Here we show that these interactions can be enhanced by many orders of magnitude upon changing the character of the mediating vacuum-modes. By considering two polarizable particles in the vicinity of any standard electric transmission line, along which photons can propagate in one dimension (1d), we find a much stronger and longer-range interaction than in free-space. This enhancement may have profound implications on many-particle and bulk systems, and impact the quantum technologies mentioned above. The predicted giant vacuum force is estimated to be measurable in a coplanar waveguide line.

Ephraim Shahmoon; Igor Mazets; Gershon Kurizki

2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

235

David J. Gross and the Strong Force  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

David J. Gross and the Strong Force David J. Gross and the Strong Force Resources with Additional Information The 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to David Gross for "the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction". 'Gross, who obtained his PhD in physics in 1966, currently is a professor of physics and director of the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics at UC Santa Barbara. ... David Gross Courtesy of UC Santa Barbara [When on the faculty at Princeton University,] he and then-graduate student Frank Wilczek came up with a way to describe the "strong force" that governs interactions between protons and neutrons in the nucleus of the atom. He and Wilczek published their proposal simultaneously with H. David Politzer, a graduate student [at Harvard University] who independently came up with the same idea. ...

236

Computing nonlinear force free coronal magnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knowledge of the structure of the coronal magnetic field is important for our understanding of many solar activity phenomena, e.g. flares and CMEs. However, the direct measurement of coronal magnetic fields is not possible with present methods, and therefore the coronal field has to be extrapolated from photospheric measurements. Due to the low plasma beta the coronal magnetic field can usually be assumed to be approximately force free, with electric currents flowing along the magnetic field lines. There are both observational and theoretical reasons which suggest that at least prior to an eruption the coronal magnetic field is in a nonlinear force free state. Unfortunately the computation of nonlinear force free fields is way more difficult than potential or linear force free fields and analytic solutions are not generally available. We discuss several methods which have been proposed to compute nonlinear force free fields and focus particularly on an optimization method which has been suggested recently. We compare the numerical performance of a newly developed numerical code based on the optimization method with the performance of another code based on an MHD relaxation method if both codes are applied to the reconstruction of a semi-analytic nonlinear force-free solution. The optimization method has also been tested for cases where we add random noise to the perfect boundary conditions of the analytic solution, in this way mimicking the more realistic case where the boundary conditions are given by vector magnetogram data. We find that the convergence properties of the optimization method are affected by adding noise to the boundary data and we discuss possibilities to overcome this difficulty.

T. Wiegelmann; T. Neukirch

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

237

Modulational instability in wind-forced waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the wind-forced nonlinear Schroedinger (NLS) equation obtained in the potential flow framework when the Miles growth rate is of the order of the wave steepness. In this case, the form of the wind-forcing terms gives rise to the enhancement of the modulational instability and to a band of positive gain with infinite width. This regime is characterised by the fact that the ratio between wave momentum and norm is not a constant of motion, in contrast to what happens in the standard case where the Miles growth rate is of the order of the steepness squared.

Brunetti, Maura

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Rings in central-force network dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The central-force network dynamics model for glasses is extended to treat networks involving small regular rings of bonds. In particular, band-limit formulas are obtained for an A2X3 glass consisting of regular puckered six-membered A3X3 rings. The special case of planar rings is compared with observations on vitreous B2O3. This continuous random network of "boroxol" rings shows improved agreement with experiment over a model not containing rings. The remaining discrepancies illustrate the need to include noncentral forces in the network dynamics of v-B2O3.

F. L. Galeener and M. F. Thorpe

1983-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Robotic Assembly and Contact Force Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indis- pensable in many applications, such as spot welding and painting in the automotive industryRobotic Assembly and Contact Force Control Andreas Stolt Department of Automatic Control Lund in Sweden, Lund University, Lund 2012 #12;Abstract Modern industrial robots are traditionally programmed

240

Inertial Force, Equivalence Principle and Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the basis of a manifestly covariant formalism of non-relativistic quantum mechanics in general coordinate systems, proposed by us recently, we derive general expressions for inertial forces. The results enable us further to discuss, and to explain the validity of, the equivalence principle in non-relativistic quantum mechanics.

Minoru Omote; Susumu Kamefuchi

2000-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Yangtze Patrol: American Naval Forces in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yangtze Patrol: American Naval Forces in China A Selected, Partially-Annotated Bibliography literature of the United States Navy in China. mvh #12;"Like Chimneys in Summer" The thousands of men who served on the China Station before World War II have been all but forgotten, except in the mythology

242

Climate-Forced Variability of Ocean Hypoxia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mixture of local wind forcing and basin-scale circulation, but the PDO...exported to the wider Pacific basin (22, 23), yielding widespread...Oxygen in the Southern California Bight: Multidecadal trends and implications...Gentili B. , Climate-driven basin-scale decadal oscillations...

Curtis Deutsch; Holger Brix; Taka Ito; Hartmut Frenzel; LuAnne Thompson

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Power Capping Via Forced Idleness Anshul Gandhi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Capping Via Forced Idleness Anshul Gandhi Carnegie Mellon University anshulg@cs.cmu.edu Mor@us.ibm.com Abstract We introduce a novel power capping technique, IdleCap, that achieves higher effective server frequency for a given power constraint than existing techniques. IdleCap works by repeatedly alternating

Harchol-Balter, Mor

244

REPORT OF THE DARK ENERGY TASK FORCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REPORT OF THE DARK ENERGY TASK FORCE Andreas Albrecht, University of California, Davis Gary. Suntzeff, Texas A&M University Dark energy appears to be the dominant component of the physical Universe a full understanding of the cosmic acceleration. For these reasons, the nature of dark energy ranks among

Hu, Wayne

245

Seasonal Isochronic Forcing of Lotka Volterra Equations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......paid to this phenomenon in ecological models. A few recent models...certainly affect almost all ecological processes, but certainly...1I2. This is a temporary vehicle whereby it is possible to...forcing. Thus, no convenient ecological analog (e.g., a gradient......

John Vandermeer

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Forced Air Systems in High Performance Homes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FORCED AIR SYSTEMS IN FORCED AIR SYSTEMS IN HIGH PERFORMANCE HOMES Iain Walker (LBNL) Building America Meeting 2013 What are the issues? 1. Sizing  When is too small too small? 2. Distribution  Can we get good mixing at low flow? 3. Performance  Humidity Control  Part load efficiency  Blowers & thermal losses Sizing  Part-load - not an issue with modern equipment  Careful about predicted loads - a small error becomes a big problem for tightly sized systems  Too Low Capacity = not robust  Extreme vs. design days  Change in occupancy  Party mode  Recovery from setback Sizing  Conventional wisdom - a good envelope = easy to predict and not sensitive to indoor conditions  But..... Heating and cooling become discretionary - large variability depending on occupants

247

Cutoff effects on lattice nuclear forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a lattice QCD study for the cutoff effects on nuclear forces. Two-nucleon forces are determined from Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter (NBS) wave functions using the HAL QCD method. Lattice QCD simulations are performed employing N_f = 2 clover fermion configurations at three lattice spacings of a = 0.108, 0.156, 0.215 fm on a fixed physical volume of L^3 x T = (2.5 fm)^3 x 5 fm with a large quark mass corresponding to m_\\pi = 1.1 GeV. We observe that while the discretization artifact appears at the short range part of potentials, it is suppressed at the long distance region. The cutoff dependence of the phase shifts and scattering length is also presented.

Takumi Doi; for HAL QCD Collaboration

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

248

Friction forces on phase transition fronts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In cosmological first-order phase transitions, the microscopic interaction of the phase transition fronts with non-equilibrium plasma particles manifests itself macroscopically as friction forces. In general, it is a nontrivial problem to compute these forces, and only two limits have been studied, namely, that of very slow walls and, more recently, ultra-relativistic walls which run away. In this paper we consider ultra-relativistic velocities and show that stationary solutions still exist when the parameters allow the existence of runaway walls. Hence, we discuss the necessary and sufficient conditions for the fronts to actually run away. We also propose a phenomenological model for the friction, which interpolates between the non-relativistic and ultra-relativistic values. Thus, the friction depends on two friction coefficients which can be calculated for specific models. We then study the velocity of phase transition fronts as a function of the friction parameters, the thermodynamic parameters, and the amount of supercooling.

Mgevand, Ariel, E-mail: megevand@mdp.edu.ar [IFIMAR (CONICETUNMdP), Departamento de Fsica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, UNMdP, Den Funes 3350, (7600) Mar del Plata (Argentina)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Ellsworth Air Force Base Advanced Metering Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ellsworth Air Force Base Ellsworth Air Force Base Advanced Metering Project A Partnership between Ellsworth AFB and MDU Resources Group, Inc. to install advanced metering on all large buildings on EAFB  Based in Bismarck, North Dakota  Celebrated our 85 th year in 2009  NYSE - MDU for over 60 years  Over $4B market cap  Fortune 500 Company  Member of the S&P MidCap 400 Index  Over 8,000 employees in 44 states  Business Lines:  Energy  Utility Resources  Construction Materials  Construction Materials  Energy  Oil and Gas Production  Utility Resources  Natural Gas Pipelines  Construction Services  Electric / Natural Gas Utilities  Utility Resources  Montana - Dakota Utilities Co.  Cascade Natural Gas Co.  Intermountain Gas Corporation

250

Exploring medium effects on the nuclear force  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This STI product contains a description of results from theoretical studies in nuclear physics. The goal is a systematic investigation of the nuclear force in the nuclear medium. The problems addressed are: density-dependent effective interactions as seen through proton-nucleus reactions, nuclear matter with unequal densities of protons and neutrons, applications to asymmetric nuclei through predictions of neutron radii and neutron skins.

F. Sammarruca

2004-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

251

Improved Precision Measurement of the Casimir Force Using Gold Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report an improved precision measurement of the Casimir force using metallic gold surfaces. The force is measured between a large gold coated sphere and flat plate using an Atomic Force Microscope. The use of gold surfaces removes some theoretical uncertainties in the interpretation of the measurement. The forces are also measured at smaller surface separations. The complete dielectric spectrum of the metal is used in the comparison of theory to the experiment. The average statistical precision remains at the same 1% of the forces measured at the closest separation. These results should lead to the development of stronger constraints on hypothetical forces.

B. W. Harris; F. Chen; U. Mohideen

2000-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

252

OnForce Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OnForce Solar OnForce Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name OnForce Solar Address 728 East 136th St. Place Bronx, New York Zip 10454 Sector Renewable Energy Year founded 2007 Number of employees 11-50 Company Type For Profit Phone number 347 590 5450 Website http://www.onforcesolar.com Coordinates 40.8028059°, -73.912863° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.8028059,"lon":-73.912863,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

253

Forced response analysis of hydroelectric systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At off-design operating points, Francis turbines develop cavitation vortex rope in the draft tube which may interact with the hydraulic system. Risk resonance assessment by means of eigenmodes computation of the system is usually performed. However, the system response to the excitation source induced by the cavitation vortex rope is not predicted in terms of amplitudes and phase. Only eigenmodes shapes with related frequencies and dampings can be predicted. Besides this modal analysis, the risk resonance assessment can be completed by a forced response analysis. This method allows identifying the contribution of each eigenmode into the system response which depends on the system boundary conditions and the excitation source location. In this paper, a forced response analysis of a Francis turbine hydroelectric power plant including hydraulic system, rotating train, electrical system and control devices is performed. First, the general methodology of the forced response analysis is presented and validated with time domain simulations. Then, analysis of electrical, hydraulic and hydroelectric systems are performed and compared to analyse the influence of control structures on pressure fluctuations induced by cavitation vortex rope.

S Allign; P C O Silva; A Bguin; B Kawkabani; P Allenbach; C Nicolet; F Avellan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Spacetime approach to force-free magnetospheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Force-Free Electrodynamics (FFE) describes magnetically dominated relativistic plasma via non-linear equations for the electromagnetic field alone. Such plasma is thought to play a key role in the physics of pulsars and active black holes. Despite its simple covariant formulation, FFE has primarily been studied in 3+1 frameworks, where spacetime is split into space and time. In this article we systematically develop the theory of force-free magnetospheres taking a spacetime perspective. Using a suite of spacetime tools and techniques (notably exterior calculus) we cover 1) the basics of the theory, 2) exact solutions that demonstrate the extraction and transport of the rotational energy of a compact object (in the case of a black hole, the Blandford-Znajek mechanism), 3) the behavior of current sheets, 4) the general theory of stationary, axisymmetric magnetospheres and 5) general properties of pulsar and black hole magnetospheres. We thereby synthesize, clarify and generalize known aspects of the physics of force-free magnetospheres, while also introducing several new results.

Samuel E. Gralla; Ted Jacobson

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Entropic-force dark energy reconsidered  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We reconsider the entropic-force model in which both kind of Hubble terms ${\\dot H}$ and $H^{2}$ appear in the effective dark energy (DE) density affecting the evolution of the main cosmological functions, namely the scale factor, deceleration parameter, matter density and growth of linear matter perturbations. However, we find that the entropic-force model is not viable at the background and perturbation levels due to the fact that the entropic formulation does not add a constant term in the Friedmann equations. On the other hand, if on mere phenomenological grounds we replace the ${\\dot H}$ dependence of the effective DE density with a linear term $H$ without including a constant additive term, we find that the transition from deceleration to acceleration becomes possible but the recent structure formation data strongly disfavors this cosmological scenario. Finally, we briefly compare the entropic-force models with some related DE models (based on dynamical vacuum energy) which overcome these difficulties and are compatible with the present observations.

Spyros Basilakos; Joan Sola

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

256

Federal Smart Grid Task Force | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Federal Smart Federal Smart Grid Task Force Federal Smart Grid Task Force Task Force Background The Federal Smart Grid Task Force was established under Title XIII of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) and includes experts from eleven Federal agencies. The Department of Energy is represented by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability which is the Task Force lead, as well as the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and the National Energy Technology Laboratory. Task Force Mission The mission of the Task Force is to ensure awareness, coordination and integration of the diverse activities of the Federal Government related to smart grid technologies, practices, and services. The Task Force will collaborate with DOE's Electricity Advisory Committee and other relevant

257

Measuring Shear Stress in Microfluidics using Traction Force Microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traction force microscopy is a previously-developed method to measure shear forces exerted by biological cells on substrates to which they are adhered (Dembo, 1999). The technique determines the shear stress a...

Bryant Mueller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Microstructure effects for Casimir forces in chiral metamaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine a recent prediction for the chirality dependence of the Casimir force in chiral metamaterials by numerical computation of the forces between the exact microstructures, rather than homogeneous approximations. ...

Johnson, Steven G.

259

Aerodynamic Forces on Truck Models, Including Two Trucks in Tandem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rear-edge shaping on the aerodynamic drag of bluff vehiclesOF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY Aerodynamic Forces on Truck Models,TRANSIT AND HIGHWAYS Aerodynamic Forces on Truck Models,

Hammache, Mustapha; Michaelian, Mark; Browand, Fred

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Assessment of a body force representation for compressor stability estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a methodology for the integration of blade row body forces, derived from axisymmetric and three- dimensional flow fields, for use in the stability analysis of axial compressors. The body force database ...

Patel, Amish A. (Amish Ashok)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Development of a body force description for compressor stability assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a methodology for a body force description of a compressor with particular application to compressor stability calculations. The methodology is based on extracting blade forces from an axisymmetric ...

Kiwada, George (George Ford)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Signs and Polarized/Magnetic versions of the Casimir Forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider versions of the Casimir effect where the force can be controlled by changing the angle between two Casimir ``plates'' or the temperature of two nearby rings. We also present simple arguments for the sign of Casimir forces.

S. Nussinov

1995-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

263

Damping of glacial-interglacial cycles from anthropogenic forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate variability over the past million years shows a strong glacial-interglacial cycle of ~100,000 years as a combined result of Milankovitch orbital forcing and climatic resonance. It has been suggested that anthropogenic contributions to radiative forcing may extend the length of the present interglacial, but the effects of anthropogenic forcing on the periodicity of glacial-interglacial cycles has received little attention. Here I demonstrate that moderate anthropogenic forcing can act to damp this 100,000 year cycle and reduce climate variability from orbital forcing. Future changes in solar insolation alone will continue to drive a 100,000 year climate cycle over the next million years, but the presence of anthropogenic warming can force the climate into an ice-free state that only weakly responds to orbital forcing. Sufficiently strong anthropogenic forcing that eliminates the glacial-interglacial cycle may serve as an indication of an epoch transition from the Pleistocene to the Anthropocene.

Haqq-Misra, Jacob

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

UNITED STATES AIR FORCE OUTSIDE THE NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

program in order to reduce Federal employee's contribution to traffic congestion and air pollutionUNITED STATES AIR FORCE OUTSIDE THE NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION BENEFIT PROGRAM): ____________ City (Residence): __________________________State: _______________ Zip Code: ________________ Air Force

265

Atomic Force and Scanning Electron Microscopy of Atmospheric Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conducted so as to characterize atmospheric aerosols from anthropogenic (pollution) and natural (sea saltAtomic Force and Scanning Electron Microscopy of Atmospheric Particles ZAHAVA BARKAY,1 * AMIT 69978, Israel KEY WORDS atmospheric aerosols; atomic force microscopy; scanning electron microscopy

Shapira, Yoram

266

Annual report on contractor work force restructuring, fiscal year 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes work force restructuring and community transition activities at all sites. It outlines work force restructuring activity for FY 1997, changing separation patterns, cost savings and separation costs, program assessment, activities to mitigate restructuring impacts, community transition activities, status of displaced workers, lessons learned, and emerging issues in worker and community transition. Work force restructuring and community transition activities for defense nuclear sites are summarized, as are work force restructuring activities at non-defense sites.

NONE

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Aerodynamic Force Modeling for Unsteady Wing Ryan Jantzen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aerodynamic Force Modeling for Unsteady Wing Maneuvers Ryan Jantzen and Kunihiko Taira Florida, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH We report on the development of an aerodynamic force model for a flat focus is placed on examining the influence of large-amplitude wing motion on the unsteady aerodynamics

268

Radiative forcing from aircraft NOx emissions: Mechanisms and seasonal dependence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dependence. The long-term globally integrated annual mean net forcing calculated here is approximately zero, related to the annual cycle in photochemistry; the O3 radiative forcing calculations also have a seasonal, although earlier work suggests a small net positive forcing. The model design (e.g., upper tropospheric

269

Role of seepage forces on hydraulic fracturing and failure patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Role of seepage forces on hydraulic fracturing and failure patterns Alexander Rozhko Thesis September 2007 #12;ii Role of seepage forces on hydraulic fracturing and failure patterns Abstract. The mechanical role of seepage forces on hydraulic fracturing and failure patterns was studied both

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

270

Updated radiative forcing estimates of 65 halocarbons and nonmethane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Updated radiative forcing estimates of 65 halocarbons and nonmethane hydrocarbons 1234567 89A64BC7,493-20,505,SEPTEMBER 16,2001 Updated radiative forcing estimates of 65 halocarbons and nonmethane hydrocarbons Kamaljit representhemisphericdifferencesin water vapor, ozoneconcentrations,and cloud cover. Instantaneous,clear-skyradiative forcing

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

271

US Air Force Facility Energy Management Program - How Industry Can Help the Air Force Meet Its Objectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the Air Force's facility energy management program including how industry can help the Air Force meet its facility energy objectives. Background information on energy use and energy conservation efforts are presented to give...

Holden, P. C.; Kroop, R. H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Photodetachment near an attractive force center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article studies the photodetachment of a single electron anion near an attractive center. Both the differential and total photodetachment cross section are analysed. We obtain the electron flux crossing through a spherical detector centered at the force center using the semiclassical approximation. The closed-orbit theory gives the total cross section which contains a smooth background and an oscillatory part. Concrete calculations and discussions are carried out for two types of wave source: the $s$- and $p_z$-wave source. Photodetachment processes for three conditions are compared: an anion near an attractive center, near a repulsive center and in a homogeneous electric field.

You, X P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Note: Electrical resolution during conductive atomic force microscopy measurements under different environmental conditions and contact forces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conductive atomic force microscopy experiments on gate dielectrics in air, nitrogen, and UHV have been compared to evaluate the impact of the environment on topography and electrical measurements. In current images, an increase of the lateral resolution and a reduction of the conductivity were observed in N{sub 2} and, especially, in UHV (where current depends also on the contact force). Both effects were related to the reduction/elimination of the water layer between the tip and the sample in N{sub 2}/UHV. Therefore, since current measurements are very sensitive to environmental conditions, these factors must be taken into consideration when comparisons between several experiments are performed.

Lanza, M.; Porti, M.; Nafria, M.; Aymerich, X. [Dept. Enginyeria Electronica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Edifici Q, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Whittaker, E.; Hamilton, B. [University of Manchester, Sackville Street, Manchester M60 JQD (United Kingdom)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

Force generation by Myosin II Filaments in Compliant Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Myosin II isoforms with varying mechanochemistry and filament size interact with filamentous actin (F-actin) networks to generate contractile forces in cells. How their properties control force production in environments with varying stiffness is poorly understood. Here, we incorporated literature values for properties of myosin II isoforms into a cross-bridge model. Similar actin gliding speeds and force-velocity curves expected from previous experiments were observed. Motor force output on an elastic load was regulated by two timescales--that of their attachment to F-actin, which varied sharply with the ensemble size, motor duty ratio, and external load, and that of force build up, which scaled with ensemble stall force, gliding speed, and load stiffness. While such regulation did not require force-dependent kinetics, the myosin catch bond produced positive feedback between attachment time and force to trigger switch-like transitions from short attachments and small forces to high force-generating runs at threshold parameter values. Parameters representing skeletal muscle myosin, non-muscle myosin IIB, and non-muscle myosin IIA revealed distinct regimes of behavior respectively: (1) large assemblies of fast, low-duty ratio motors rapidly build stable forces over a large range of environmental stiffness, (2) ensembles of slow, high-duty ratio motors serve as high-affinity cross-links with force build-up times that exceed physiological timescales, and (3) small assemblies of low-duty ratio motors operating at intermediate speeds may respond sharply to changes in mechanical context--at low forces or stiffness, they serve as low affinity cross-links but they can transition to effective force production via the positive feedback mechanism described above. These results reveal how myosin isoform properties may be tuned to produce force and respond to mechanical cues in their environment.

Samantha Stam; Jon Alberts; Margaret L. Gardel; Edwin Munro

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

275

Protective Force Firearms Qualifications Courses, July 2011 | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Protective Force Firearms Qualifications Courses, July 2011 Protective Force Firearms Qualifications Courses, July 2011 Protective Force Firearms Qualifications Courses, July 2011 July 2011 Firearms Qualifications Courses To describe the process by which U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) protective force (PF) firearms qualification courses are developed, reviewed, revised,validated, and approved. The process described herein applies to all PF firearms policy development participants; notably, the staff of the DOE Office of Security (HS-50), the DOE National Training Center (NTC) (HS-70), the DOE Firearms Policy Panel (FPP), the DOE Protective Forces Safety Committee (PFSC), the DOE Training Managers' Working Group (TMWG), the DOE Training Advisory Committee

276

Weak and Repulsive Casimir Force in Piston Geometries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Casimir force in piston-like geometries semiclassically. The force on the piston is finite and physical, but to leading semiclassical approximation depends strongly on the shape of the surrounding cavity. Whereas this force is attractive for pistons in a parallelepiped with flat cylinder head, for which the semiclassical approximation by periodic orbits is exact, this approximation to the force on the piston vanishes for a semi-cylindrical head and becomes repulsive for a cylinder of circular cross section with a hemispherical head. In leading semiclassical approximation the sign of the force is related to the generalized Maslov index of short periodic orbits between the piston and its casing.

Martin Schaden; Liviu Mateescu

2007-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

277

USLCSG Task Force Meeting June 2003  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

All Task Force Meeting at SLAC All Task Force Meeting at SLAC June 15, 16, 2003 Meeting Agenda What's New! June 2003 Meeting Accommodations: The new SLAC Guest House is now available, but the block of rooms for the meeting has now been released, and space is first-come first-serve. If you want to use it, please book directly at SLAC Guest House. or let Naomi know ASAP. You need to mention Dave or Naomi's name as a host name. Daily rate is $50 + tax for the one full sized bed room (Standard room). Lunch on Sunday and Coffee services: The cafeteria is closed on Sunday, so we will order box lunches for meeting delegates. We will collect $10 per person to cover the cost of lunch on Sunday. Please pay $10 in cash to Naomi Nagahashi on Monday, June 16. If you need a receipt, she will provide one. We need a count of the lunches to provide, so please let Naomi know, if you need a box lunch, by Friday, June 6. On Monday, the cafeteria will be open for breakfast and lunch.

278

Self-force on an accelerated particle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We calculate the singular field of an accelerated point particle (scalar charge, electric charge or small gravitating mass) moving on an accelerated (nongeodesic) trajectory in a generic background spacetime. Using a mode-sum regularization scheme, we obtain explicit expressions for the self-force regularization parameters. We use a Lorentz gauge for the electromangetic and gravitational cases. This work extends the work of Barack and Ori [1] who demonstrated that the regularization parameters for a point particle in geodesic motion in a Schwarzschild spacetime can be described solely by the leading and subleading terms in the mode-sum (commonly known as the A and B terms) and that all terms of higher order in ? vanish upon summation (later they showed the same behavior for geodesic motion in Kerr [2], [3]). We demonstrate that these properties are universal to point particles moving through any smooth spacetime along arbitrary (accelerated) trajectories. Our renormalization scheme is based on, but not identical to, the Quinn-Wald axioms. As we develop our approach, we review and extend work showing that that different definitions of the singular field used in the literature are equivalent to our approach. Because our approach does not assume geodesic motion of the perturbing particle, we are able use our mode-sum formalism to explicitly recover a well-known result: The self-force on static scalar charges near a Schwarzschild black hole vanishes.

Thomas M. Linz; John L. Friedman; Alan G. Wiseman

2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

279

Casimir Friction Force for Moving Harmonic Oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Casimir friction is analyzed for a pair of dielectric particles in relative motion. We first adopt a microscopic model for harmonically oscillating particles at finite temperature T moving non-relativistically with constant velocity. We use a statistical-mechanical description where time-dependent correlations are involved. This description is physical and direct, and, in spite of its simplicity, is able to elucidate the essentials of the problem. This treatment elaborates upon, and extends, an earlier theory of ours back in 1992. The energy change Delta E turns out to be finite in general, corresponding to a finite friction force. In the limit of zero temperature the formalism yields, however, Delta E ->0, this being due to our assumption about constant velocity, meaning slowly varying coupling. For couplings varying more rapidly, there will also be a finite friction force at T=0. As second part of our work, we consider the friction problem using time-dependent perturbation theory. The dissipation, basically a second order effect, is obtainable with the use of first order theory, the reason being the absence of cross terms due to uncorrelated phases of eigenstates. The third part of the present paper is to demonstrate explicitly the equivalence of our results with those recently obtained by Barton (2010); this being not a trivial task since the formal results are seemingly quite different from each other.

Johan S. Hye; Iver Brevik

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

280

Interagency Energy Management Task Force Members | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Force Members Force Members Interagency Energy Management Task Force Members October 8, 2013 - 1:31pm Addthis The Interagency Energy Management Task Force is composed of Federal energy managers, members of Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), and industry participants. The FEMP director serves as the executive director of the task force. Task Force Executive Director Dr. Timothy Unruh U.S. Department of Energy 202-586-5772 Task Force Members Mark Ewing General Services Administration 202-708-9296 Holger Fischer National Aeronautics and Space Administration 202-358-0416 Wayne Thalasinos National Aeronautics and Space Administration 202-358-3811 Mark Sprouse National Archives and Records Administration 301-837-3019 Leslie Ford Social Security Administration 410-594-0111 David Zimmerman

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

September 2012, Work Force Retention Work Group Status Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Work Force Retention Work Group Status Overview Work Force Retention Work Group Status Overview 2 Subgroups: Pro-Force and Non-Pro-Force Pro-Force Subgroup: Accomplishments: 1. Completion of 10 CFR 1046 [Protective Force Personnel Medical, Physical Readiness, Training, and Access Authorization Standards] as a final rule that includes modification efforts to address barriers to workforce retention. 2. Pro-Force (PF) union representative, Randy Lawson, identified this accomplishment as the single most significant step toward PF workforce retention in over 20 years. 3. Draft re-charter of PF Career Options Committee (PFCOC) to establish a PF Working Group approved by GC-63 and GC NNSA. Near Term Goals and Activities: 1. Publish 1046 as a final rule - publication anticipated this month.

282

Feature - Air Force Fellows helping work toward smarter diesel engines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Air Force Fellows helping work toward smarter diesel engines Air Force Fellows helping work toward smarter diesel engines Air Force Fellows Clint Abell (left) and Jeff Gillen work on Smarter Diesel Engine (SDE) 21. The project involves using ion sensors to help the engine run at maximum efficiency. Air Force Fellows Clint Abell (left) and Jeff Gillen work on Smarter Diesel Engine (SDE) 21. The project involves using ion sensors to help the engine run at maximum efficiency. (Photo by Wes Agresta) One of the three core values of the Air Force is "excellence in all we do." So it should be no surprise that there are currently two Air Force officers here at Argonne studying ways to improve the efficiency of military vehicles. Lieutenant Colonel Jeff Gillen and Major Clint Abell are the fourth set of Air Force Fellows to spend time at Argonne, but the first to be stationed

283

Federal Energy Management Program: Interagency Energy Management Task Force  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About the Program About the Program Site Map Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Federal Energy Management Program: Interagency Energy Management Task Force Members to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Interagency Energy Management Task Force Members on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Interagency Energy Management Task Force Members on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Interagency Energy Management Task Force Members on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Interagency Energy Management Task Force Members on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Interagency Energy Management Task Force Members on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Interagency Energy Management Task Force Members on AddThis.com...

284

CHARTER, Price-Anderson Act Task Force | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CHARTER, Price-Anderson Act Task Force CHARTER, Price-Anderson Act Task Force CHARTER, Price-Anderson Act Task Force This charter establishes the responsibilities of the Price-Anderson Act Task Force (Task Force). The Secretary of Energy has approved formation of this Task Force to review the need for the continuation or modification of the Price-Anderson Act, section 170 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (AEA), and to prepare a detailed report for submission to Congress as required by section 170p. of the AEA by August 1, 1998. CHARTER, Price-Anderson Act Task Force More Documents & Publications MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY Report to Congress on the Price-Anderson Act Appendix A. Notice of Inquiry: Preparation of Report to Congress on Price-Anderson Act. 62 Federal Register 68,272 (December 31, 1997)

285

Collisional effects on nonlinear ion drag force for small grains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ion drag force arising from plasma flow past an embedded spherical grain is calculated self-consistently and non-linearly using particle in cell codes, accounting for ion-neutral collisions. Using ion velocity distribution appropriate for ion drift driven by a force field gives wake potential and force greatly different from a shifted Maxwellian distribution, regardless of collisionality. The low-collisionality forces are shown to be consistent with estimates based upon cross-sections for scattering in a Yukawa (shielded) grain field, but only if non-linear shielding length is used. Finite collisionality initially enhances the drag force, but only by up to a factor of 2. Larger collisionality eventually reduces the drag force. In the collisional regime, the drift distribution gives larger drag than the shift distribution even at velocities where their collisionless drags are equal. Comprehensive practical analytic formulas for force that fit the calculations are provided.

Hutchinson, I. H.; Haakonsen, C. B. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center and Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Plasma Science and Fusion Center and Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) Forced Convection Heat Transfer 1 Forced Convection Heat Transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Forced Convection Heat Transfer Convection is the mechanism of heat transfer through a fluid / The convective heat transfer coefficient h strongly depends on the fluid properties and roughness of the solid. As a result, the heat transfer from the solid surface to the fluid layer adjacent to the surface

Bahrami, Majid

287

Experience proves forced fracture closure works  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Forced closure, or perhaps better-named ``reverse gravel packing,`` of fractures immediately following hydraulic fracturing with proppant and gelled fluids is a technique which, with rare exception, can be extremely beneficial to the success of almost every hydraulic fracture treatment. By proper planning of the rig-up to allow immediate flow-back, substantial quantities of polymer and load fluid can be removed while simultaneously negating undesirable proppant settling within fractures in the near wellbore area. Fracture smearing (dilution of proppant into an extending fracture) after shutdown can be negated. And in most cases, proppant production from the formation can be reduced. Discussions in the article explain why Ely and Associates has the confidence to make these claims after extensive hydraulic fracturing experience in many geographical areas.

Ely, J.W. [John Ely and Associates, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Industrial Energy Conservation, Forced Internal Recirculation Burner  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this research project is to develop and evaluate an industrial low NOx burner for existing and new gas-fired combustion systems for intermediate temperature (1400 degree to 2000 degree F) industrial heating devices such as watertube boilers and process fluid heaters. A multi-phase effort is being pursued with decision points to determine advisability of continuance. The current contract over Phases II and III of this work. The objectives of each phase are as follows. Phase II - to design, fabricate, and evaluate prototype burners based on the Forced Internal Recirculation (FIR) concept. Phase III - to evaluate the performance of an FIR burner under actual operating conditions in a full-scale field test and establish the performance necessary for subsequent commercialization

Joseph Rabovitser

2003-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

289

Force 9 Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Force 9 Energy Place Amersham, United Kingdom Zip HP7 0UT Sector Wind energy Product Joint owner of Abercairny windfarm development. Coordinates 36.530602°, -82.602203° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.530602,"lon":-82.602203,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

290

Stability of nuclear forces versus weapons of mass destruction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The model derived for nuclear missile exchanges is used to describe the interaction between two forces, of which one has nuclear weapons and the other has weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The model equations are solved analytically for exchanges, costs, and stability indices by analytically minimizing the cost of first strikes. The analysis is restricted to theater operations, as WMD are inferior to nuclear weapons in strategic counter force operations, but quite adequate for theater operations against exposed forces. The analysis treats only in-theater forces as companion papers show that ex-theater forces, which enter as survivable forces, cancel out of the theater balances treated here. Optimal nuclear weapon and WMD allocations are proportional to the opponent`s carriers and inversely proportional to one`s own weapons. Thus, as WMD increase, WMD allocations to nuclear forces fall, reflecting a shift from damage limiting to inflicting damage with surviving forces. Nuclear weapon kill probabilities degrade rapidly against dispersed forces. As they fall, their allocation to WMD falls sharply as they become ineffective and are reallocated to value. Thus, damage limiting is primarily effective for undispersed forces, which produces an incentive for the nuclear side to use his weapons while they are still effective.

Canavan, G.H.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Investigation of Climate Forcing Agents on Tropical Belt Width Through the 21st Century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

represents BC forcing (top), GHG forcing (middle) and SO 2forced by greenhouse gases (GHGs) produce this expansion,14 +/- .03 decade -1 for GHG and SO 2 forcings respectively

Ajoku, Osinachi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Before Senate Subcommittee on Strategic Forces - Committee on Armed  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Senate Subcommittee on Strategic Forces - Committee on Armed Senate Subcommittee on Strategic Forces - Committee on Armed Services Before Senate Subcommittee on Strategic Forces - Committee on Armed Services Before Senate Subcommittee on Strategic Forces - Committee on Armed Services By: David Huizenga, Senior Advisor for Environmental Management Subject: FY 2013 Budget Request for Office of Environmental Management 3-14-12_Huizenga_FT.pdf More Documents & Publications Senior Advisor Huizenga's Written Statement before the House Energy and Water Development Subcommittee on Appropriations (March 21, 2012) Senior Advisor Huizenga's Written Statement before the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces (April 17, 2012) Senior Advisor Huizenga's Written Statement before the Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces (March 14, 2012)

293

Magnetic Force Between Magnetic Nano Probes at Optical Frequency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic force microscopy based on the interaction of static magnetic materials was demonstrated in the past with resolutions in the order of nanometers. Measurement techniques based on forces between electric dipoles oscillating at optical frequencies have been also demonstrated leading to the standard operation of the scanning force microscope (SFM). However the investigations of a SFM based on the magnetic force generated by magnetic dipole moments oscillating at optical frequencies has not been tackled yet. With this goal in mind we establish a theoretical model towards observable magnetic force interaction between two magnetically polarizable nanoparticles at optical frequency and show such a force to be in the order of piconewtons which could be in principle detected by conventional microscopy techniques. Two possible principles for conceiving magnetically polarizable nano probes able to generate strong magnetic dipoles at optical frequency are investigated based on silicon nanoparticles and on clusters...

Guclu, Caner; Capolino, Filippo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Multi-range force sensors utilizing shape memory alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a multi-range force sensor comprising a load cell made of a shape memory alloy, a strain sensing system, a temperature modulating system, and a temperature monitoring system. The ability of the force sensor to measure contact forces in multiple ranges is effected by the change in temperature of the shape memory alloy. The heating and cooling system functions to place the shape memory alloy of the load cell in either a low temperature, low strength phase for measuring small contact forces, or a high temperature, high strength phase for measuring large contact forces. Once the load cell is in the desired phase, the strain sensing system is utilized to obtain the applied contact force. The temperature monitoring system is utilized to ensure that the shape memory alloy is in one phase or the other.

Varma, Venugopal K. (Knoxville, TN)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Book Review of Handbook of Molecular Force Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The measurement of forces at the molecular level is an active and exciting area of research that has found application in a diverse range of disciplines, including chemistry, biology, and physics. ... In conclusion, Noys Handbook of Molecular Force Spectroscopy is both a timely and useful summary of fundamental aspects of molecular force spectroscopy, and I believe it would make a worthwhile addition to any good scientific library. ...

Matthew F. Paige

2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

296

Wave forces on monotower structures fitted with icebreaking cones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and theory presently used in the design of offshore tower structures. Presently, wave forces are predicted using a wave- structure interaction approach, diffraction theory, or some combination of the two. An alternative wave force theory was presented... of structures fitted with icebreaking cones. THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENT One of the major difficulties in analyzing the dynamic response of offshore structures is determining the wave-induced excitation forces. There are currently two methods of predicting wave...

Harrington, Michael Gerard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

297

Authorize_Changes_Contractor_Work_Force_Restructuring_Policy...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

rizeChangesContractorWorkForceRestructuringPolicy.pdf More Documents & Publications Workforce Restructuring Policy Draft Policy and Planning Guidance for Community Transition...

298

Colorado - Report of the Task Force on Statewide Transmission...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Permitting Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Colorado - Report of the Task Force on Statewide Transmission Siting and Permitting Abstract...

299

Air Force Enhanced Use Lease | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Force Renewable Energy Programs Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting Notes NASAFPL Renewable Project Case Study: Space Coast Next Generation Solar Energy Center FEMP...

300

Hickam Air Force Base Fuel Cell Vehicles: Early Implementation Experience  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report sumarizes early implementation experience from an evaluation of two prototype fuel cell vehicles operating at Hickam Air Force Base in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Before Senate Subcommittee on Strategic Forces - Committee on...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

on Strategic Forces - Committee on Armed Services By: David Huizenga, Senior Advisor for Environmental Management Subject: FY 2013 Budget Request for Office of...

302

Before the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces - House Armed Services...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Written Statement by David Huizenga, Senior Advisor for Environmental Management For the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces - House Armed Services Committee 5-9-13David Huizenga FT...

303

Interim Report of the Task Force on Nuclear Nonproliferation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This interim report of the SEAB Task Force on Nuclear Nonproliferation sets forth its findings and recommendations to date in five timely and important areas

304

Demonstration of Angle Dependent Casimir Force Between Corrugations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The normal Casimir force between a sinusoidally corrugated gold coated plate and a sphere was measured at various angles between the corrugations using an atomic force microscope. A strong dependence on the orientation angle of the corrugation is found. The measured forces were found to deviate from the proximity force approximation and are in agreement with the theory based on the gradient expansion including correlation effects of geometry and material properties. We analyze the role of temperature. The obtained results open new opportunities for control of the Casimir effect in micromechanical systems.

A. A. Banishev; J. Wagner; T. Emig; R. Zandi; U. Mohideen

2012-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

305

A measurable force driven by an excitonic condensate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Free energy signatures related to the measurement of an emergent force (?10{sup ?9}N) due to the exciton condensate (EC) in Double Quantum Wells are predicted and experiments are proposed to measure the effects. The EC-force is attractive and reminiscent of the Casimir force between two perfect metallic plates, but also distinctively different from it by its driving mechanism and dependence on the parameters of the condensate. The proposed experiments are based on a recent experimental work on a driven micromechanical oscillator. Conclusive observations of EC in recent experiments also provide a strong promise for the observation of the EC-force.

Hakio?lu, T. [Department of Physics, Bilkent University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Institute of Theoretical and Applied Physics, 48740 Turun, Mu?la (Turkey); zgn, Ege; Gnay, Mehmet [Department of Physics, Bilkent University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

306

Before the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces By: Glenn Podonsky, Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer Subject: FY 2010 Budget Request 51309HSSFinTestimony...

307

Before the Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces By: Glenn Podonsky, Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer Office of Health, Safety and Security Subject: DOE...

308

Inferring Cloud Feedbacks from ARM Continuous Forcing, ISCCP...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inferring Cloud Feedbacks from ARM Continuous Forcing, ISCCP, and ARSCL Data A. D. Del Genio National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New...

309

Transmission Services WIST Task Force Dynamic Transfer Capability...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Team ("WIST"), a Task Force of technical staff primarily from Northwest and California transmission providers and sub-regional entities, completed a report documenting Phase 1...

310

Air Force Announces Funding for Alternative Energy Research & Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) has released a Broad Area Announcement (BAA) for over $25 million for Alternative Energy Research & Development.

311

Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Engineer Support Agency Jump to: navigation, search Name: Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency Place: Florida Zip: 32403-5319 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Florida-based...

312

Radial forging force prediction through MR, ANN, and ANFIS models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of finite element method and intelligent systems techniques to predict the applied force during the radial forging process is studied. Radial forging is a unique process used for the precision forging of round and tubular components, ... Keywords: ANFIS, ANN, Forging force, MR, Radial forging

A. Azari, M. Poursina, D. Poursina

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Force and Stiffness of Passive Magnetic Bearings Using Permanent Magnets.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Force and Stiffness of Passive Magnetic Bearings Using Permanent Magnets. Part 2 : Radial Magnetization R. Ravaud, G. Lemarquand, V. Lemarquand Abstract This paper deals with the calculation of the force and the stiffness between two ring permanent magnets whose polarization is radial

Boyer, Edmond

314

Nuclear forces from chiral EFT: The unfinished business  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In spite of the great progress we have seen in recent years in the derivation of nuclear forces from chiral effective field theory (EFT), some important issues are still unresolved. In this contribution, we discuss the open problems which have particular relevance for microscopic nuclear structure, namely, the proper renormalization of chiral nuclear potentials and sub-leading many-body forces.

R. Machleidt; D. R. Entem

2010-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

315

Wind stress forcing of the North Sea 'pole tide'  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......raising the elevation of the basin without a sea level gradient...piles up in the shallow German Bight and flows northwards along the...past both wind-forcing and a basin resonance have been examined...can only be the result of the basin response to westerly wind forcing......

William P. O?Connor; Benjamin Fong Chao; Dawei Zheng; Andrew Y. Au

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Wells Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging...lesions. Acoustic radiation force-based elasticity imaging...properties of soft tissue. In Handbook of elastic properties of solids...W. , Trahey, G. 1995 A fundamental limit on delay estimation using...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

ENERGY BASED ICE COLLISION FORCES Claude Daley1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY BASED ICE COLLISION FORCES Claude Daley1 1 Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada A1C 3X5 ABSTRACT Ice collision forces can be determined by energy considerations. A variety of interaction geometry cases are considered. The indentation energy functions for eight different

Daley, Claude

318

ENERGY BASED ICE COLLISION FORCES Claude Daley1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ENERGY BASED ICE COLLISION FORCES Claude Daley1 1 Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada A1C 3X5 ABSTRACT Ice collision forces can be determined by energy considerations. A variety of interaction geometry cases are considered. The indentation energy functions for eight different

Daley, Claude

319

MODELLING UNCONSOLIDATED RUBBLE FORCES ON A CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, MODELLING UNCONSOLIDATED RUBBLE FORCES ON A CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURE RF. McKenna and S structlJre and unconsolidated ice ridges. The tests were conducted with a 0.32 m diameter structure in unconsolidated ridges are given in McKenna el al. (1995). The tests provide a means of correlating the forces

Bruneau, Steve

320

Nuclear Radiological Threat Task Force Established | National Nuclear  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiological Threat Task Force Established | National Nuclear Radiological Threat Task Force Established | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > Nuclear Radiological Threat Task Force Established Nuclear Radiological Threat Task Force Established November 03, 2003 Washington, DC Nuclear Radiological Threat Task Force Established

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Brig. Gen. Dawkins honored at Air Force promotion ceremony | National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dawkins honored at Air Force promotion ceremony | National Dawkins honored at Air Force promotion ceremony | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Brig. Gen. Dawkins honored at Air Force ... Brig. Gen. Dawkins honored at Air Force promotion ceremony Posted By Office of Public Affairs Brig. Gen. Dawkins honored at Air Force promotion ceremony

322

The Particle Adventure | Unsolved Mysteries | Forces and the Grand Unified  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Unsolved Mysteries - Forces and the Grand Unified Theory Unsolved Mysteries - Forces and the Grand Unified Theory Forces and the Grand Unified Theory Physicists hope that a Grand Unified Theory will unify the strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions. There have been several proposed Unified Theories, but we need data to pick which, if any, of these theories describes nature. If a Grand Unification of all the interactions is possible, then all the interactions we observe are all different aspects of the same, unified interaction. However, how can this be the case if strong and weak and electromagnetic interactions are so different in strength and effect? Strangely enough, current data and theory suggests that these varied forces merge into one force when the particles being affected are at a high enough energy.

323

Implementation Plan, 29 Recommendations of the Protective Force Career  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Implementation Plan, 29 Recommendations of the Protective Force Implementation Plan, 29 Recommendations of the Protective Force Career Options Study Group - January 2011 Implementation Plan, 29 Recommendations of the Protective Force Career Options Study Group - January 2011 January 2011 Implementation Plan for the 29 Recommendations of the Protective Force Career Options Study Group The Conference Report of the Fiscal Year 2010 National Defense Authorization Act requests the Secretary of Energy and the Administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration to develop a comprehensive, Department of Energy (DOE)-wide plan to implement the recommendations of the June 30, 2009, DOE Career Options Study Group report, Enhanced Career Longevity and Retirement Options for DOE Protective Force Personnel. Attached is the response to that request,

324

Clinch River MRS Task Force Recommendations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clinch River MRS Task Force Recommendations Clinch River MRS Task Force Recommendations Clinch River MRS Task Force Recommendations The Clinch River HRS Task Force was appointed in July 1985 by the Roane County Executive and the Oak Ridge City Council to evaluate the Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility proposed by the Department of Energy to be constructed in the Roane County portion of Oak Ridge. After several months of study, numerous public meetings, site visits to relevant facilities, and careful evaluation of the integrated MRS concept, it is the considered opinion of the Task Force that the facility could be safely built and operated in Roane County/Oak Ridge. However, a MRS facility constructed in the Roane County portion of Oak Ridge would not be generally perceived as being safe by the citizens of Roane County and Oak Ridge

325

The Particle Adventure | What holds it together? | Residual EM force  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EM force EM force Residual EM force Atoms usually have the same numbers of protons and electrons. They are electrically neutral, therefore, because the positive protons cancel out the negative electrons. Since they are neutral, what causes them to stick together to form stable molecules? The answer is a bit strange: we've discovered that the charged parts of one atom can interact with the charged parts of another atom. This allows different atoms to bind together, an effect called the residual electromagnetic force. So the electromagnetic force is what allows atoms to bond and form molecules, allowing the world to stay together and create the matter you interact with all of the time. Amazing, isn't it? All the structures of the world exist simply because protons and electrons have opposite charges!

326

Memorandum, Protective Force Law Enforcement Authority - May 1, 2009 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Protective Force Law Enforcement Authority - May 1, Protective Force Law Enforcement Authority - May 1, 2009 Memorandum, Protective Force Law Enforcement Authority - May 1, 2009 May 1, 2009 Investigation allegations that contractor procetive force personnel at a DOE site exceeded their legistative ,regulatory, and policy-based authority by providing on-duty, armed off-site assistance to local law enforcement authorites during other than recapture/recovery operations, and by accessing the local law enforcement database for background checks during the course of on-site administrative traffic stops. It has come to our attention that the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Imspector General (OIG) has investigated allegations that conctractor protective force (PF) personnel at a DOE site exceeded their legistative

327

Department of Energy Establishes Asset Revitalization Task Force |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Establishes Asset Revitalization Task Force Establishes Asset Revitalization Task Force Department of Energy Establishes Asset Revitalization Task Force February 17, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact (202) 586-4940 Washington, D.C. - Secretary of Energy Steven Chu today announced the establishment of a Task Force on Asset Revitalization to facilitate a discussion among the Department of Energy, communities around DOE sites, nonprofits, tribal governments, the private sector and other stakeholders to identify reuse approaches as environmental cleanup efforts reach completion. The task force will explore opportunities to reutilize DOE site assets for beneficial purposes, which may include clean energy development, environmental sustainability projects, open space or other uses. "For decades, Department of Energy sites and their surrounding

328

ARM - Evaluation Product - CMWG Data - SCM-Forcing Data, Cloud  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ProductsCMWG Data - SCM-Forcing Data, Cloud ProductsCMWG Data - SCM-Forcing Data, Cloud Microphysical Properties and Radiative Heating Profiles Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : CMWG Data - SCM-Forcing Data, Cloud Microphysical Properties and Radiative Heating Profiles Site(s) GAN HFE NSA SGP TWP General Description SCM-forcing data are derived from the ARM Program observational data using the constrained variational analysis approach (Zhang and Lin 1997 and Zhang et al. 2001). The resulting products include both the large-scale forcing terms and the evaluation fields, which can be used for driving the Single-Column Models (SCMs) and Cloud Resolving Models (CRMs) and validating model simulations. Results from our studies are then used to

329

Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, 2009 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, 2009 Memorandum, Protective Force Career Options Committee - July 23, 2009 On March 31,2009, this office commissioned a study to examine career opportunities and retirement options for the Department of Energy (DOE) protective force members. On March 3 1,2009, this office commissioned a study to examine career opportunities and retirement options for the Department of Energy (DOE) protective force members. The study was supported by senior leaders of the Department as well as by the leadership of the National Council of Security Police (NCSP), who took an active role in the study. The results of the study were briefed to several senior Departmental officials on June 30,2009. These leaders accepted the overall thrust of

330

Argonne CNM News: Casimir Force Reduction through Nanostructuring  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Casimir Force Reduction through Nanostructuring Casimir Force Reduction through Nanostructuring Casimir force reduction (a) Configuration used to measure the Casimir force between a gold-coated sphere and a nanostructured grating. The sphere is attached to the torsional plate of a micromechanical oscillator and the nanostructured grating is fixed to a single-mode optical fiber. SEM images: (b) nanostructured grating limited by two uniform films (scale bar, 100 µm). (c) Magnified grating showing the high spatial uniformity (scale bar, 400 nm). (d) cross-section of a single grating element (scale bar, 100 nm). By nanostructuring one of two interacting metal surfaces at scales below the plasma wavelength, a new regime in the Casimir force was observed by researchers in the Center for Nanoscale Materials Nanofabrication & Devices

331

Adsorbed self-avoiding walks subject to a force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a self-avoiding walk model of polymer adsorption where the adsorbed polymer can be desorbed by the application of a force. In this paper the force is applied normal to the surface at the last vertex of the walk. We prove that the appropriate limiting free energy exists where there is an applied force and a surface potential term, and prove that this free energy is convex in appropriate variables. We then derive an expression for the limiting free energy in terms of the free energy without a force and the free energy with no surface interaction. Finally we show that there is a phase boundary between the adsorbed phase and the desorbed phase in the presence of a force, prove some qualitative properties of this boundary and derive bounds on the location of the boundary.

E. J. Janse van Rensburg; S. G. Whittington

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

332

Clinch River MRS Task Force Recommendations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clinch River MRS Task Force Recommendations Clinch River MRS Task Force Recommendations Clinch River MRS Task Force Recommendations The Clinch River HRS Task Force was appointed in July 1985 by the Roane County Executive and the Oak Ridge City Council to evaluate the Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility proposed by the Department of Energy to be constructed in the Roane County portion of Oak Ridge. After several months of study, numerous public meetings, site visits to relevant facilities, and careful evaluation of the integrated MRS concept, it is the considered opinion of the Task Force that the facility could be safely built and operated in Roane County/Oak Ridge. However, a MRS facility constructed in the Roane County portion of Oak Ridge would not be generally perceived as being safe by the citizens of Roane County and Oak Ridge

333

Collaborative Utility Task Force Partners with DOE to Develop Cyber  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Collaborative Utility Task Force Partners with DOE to Develop Cyber Collaborative Utility Task Force Partners with DOE to Develop Cyber Security Requirements for Advanced Metering Infrastructure Collaborative Utility Task Force Partners with DOE to Develop Cyber Security Requirements for Advanced Metering Infrastructure The Advanced Metering Infrastructure Security (AMI-SEC) Task Force announces the release of the AMI System Security Requirements, a first-of-its-kind for the utility industry that will help utilities procure and implement secure components and systems using a common set of security requirements. Collaborative Utility Task Force Partners with DOE to Develop Cyber Security Requirements for Advanced Metering Infrastructure More Documents & Publications AMI System Security Requirements - v1_01-1 Before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee

334

A calibration method for lateral forces for use with colloidal probe force microscopy cantilevers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A calibration method is described for colloidal probe cantilevers that enables friction force measurements obtained using lateral force microscopy (LFM) to be quantified. The method is an adaptation of the lever method of Feiler et al. [A. Feiler, P. Attard, and I. Larson, Rev. Sci. Instum. 71, 2746 (2000)] and uses the advantageous positioning of probe particles that are usually offset from the central axis of the cantilever. The main sources of error in the calibration method are assessed, in particular, the potential misalignment of the long axis of the cantilever that ideally should be perpendicular to the photodiode detector. When this is not taken into account, the misalignment is shown to have a significant effect on the cantilever torsional stiffness but not on the lateral photodiode sensitivity. Also, because the friction signal is affected by the topography of the substrate, the method presented is valid only against flat substrates. Two types of particles, 20 {mu}m glass beads and UO{sub 3} agglomerates attached to silicon tapping mode cantilevers were used to test the method against substrates including glass, cleaved mica, and UO{sub 2} single crystals. Comparisons with the lateral compliance method of Cain et al. [R. G. Cain, S. Biggs, and N. W. Page, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 227, 55 (2000)] are also made.

Quintanilla, M. A. S.; Goddard, D. T. [Nexia Solutions Ltd., Springfields, Salwick, Preston, Lancashire PR4 0XJ (United Kingdom)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Extracting folding landscape characteristics of biomolecules using mechanical forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years single molecule force spectroscopy has opened a new avenue to provide profiles of the complex energy landscape of biomolecules. In this field, quantitative analyses of the data employing sound theoretical models, have played a major role in interpreting data and anticipating outcomes of experiments. Here, we explain how by using temperature as a variable in mechanical unfolding of biomolecules in force spectroscopy, the roughness of the energy landscape can be measured without making any assumptions about the underlying reaction coordinate. Estimates of other aspects of the energy landscape such as free energy barriers or the transition state (TS) locations could depend on the precise model used to analyze the experimental data. We illustrate the inherent difficulties in obtaining the transition state location from loading rate or force-dependent unfolding rates. Because the transition state moves as the force or the loading rate is varied, which is reminiscent of the Hammond effect, it is in general difficult to invert the experimental data. The independence of the TS location on force holds good only for brittle or hard biomolecules whereas the TS location changes considerably if the molecule is soft or plastic. Finally, we discuss the goodness of the end-to-end distance (or pulling) coordinate of the molecule as a surrogate reaction coordinate in a situation like force-induced ligand-unbinding from a gated molecular receptor as well as force-quench refolding of an RNA hairpin.

Changbong Hyeon; Michael Hinczewski; D. Thirumalai

2015-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

336

Single-molecule force spectroscopy: Practical limitations beyond Bell's model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single-molecule force spectroscopy experiments, as well as a number of other physical systems, are governed by thermally activated transitions out of a metastable state under the action of a steadily increasing external force. The main observable in such experiments is the distribution of the forces, at which the escape events occur. The challenge in interpreting the experimental data is to relate them to the microscopic system properties. We work out a maximum likelihood approach and show that it is the optimal method to tackle this problem. When fitting actual experimental data it is unavoidable to assume some functional form for the force-dependent escape rate. We consider a quite general and common such functional form and demonstrate by means of data from a realistic computer experiment that the maximum number of fit parameters that can be determined reliably is three. They are related to the force-free escape rate and the position and height of the activation barrier. Furthermore, the results for the first two of these fit parameters show little dependence on the assumption about the manner in which the barrier decreases with the applied force, while the last one, the barrier height in the absence of force, depends strongly on this assumption.

Sebastian Getfert; Mykhaylo Evstigneev; Peter Reimann

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

337

Dynamic force spectroscopy on multiple bonds: experiments and model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We probe the dynamic strength of multiple biotin-streptavidin adhesion bonds under linear loading using the biomembrane force probe setup for dynamic force spectroscopy. Measured rupture force histograms are compared to results from a master equation model for the stochastic dynamics of bond rupture under load. This allows us to extract the distribution of the number of initially closed bonds. We also extract the molecular parameters of the adhesion bonds, in good agreement with earlier results from single bond experiments. Our analysis shows that the peaks in the measured histograms are not simple multiples of the single bond values, but follow from a superposition procedure which generates different peak positions.

T. Erdmann; S. Pierrat; P. Nassoy; U. S. Schwarz

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

338

The Dark Force: Astrophysical Repulsion from Dark Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dark energy (i.e., a cosmological constant) leads, in the Newtonian approximation, to a repulsive force which grows linearly with distance. We discuss possible astrophysical effects of this "dark" force. For example, the dark force overcomes the gravitational attraction from an object (e.g., dwarf galaxy) of mass $10^7 M_\\odot$ at a distance of $~ 23$ kpc. It seems possible that observable velocities of bound satellites (rotation curves) could be significantly affected, and therefore used to measure the dark energy density.

Ho, Chiu Man

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Technical Note: Estimating Aerosol Effects on Cloud Radiative Forcing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Estimating anthropogenic aerosol effects on the planetary energy balance through the aerosol influence on clouds using the difference in cloud radiative forcing from simulations with and without anthropogenic emissions produces estimates that are positively biased. A more representative method is suggested using the difference in cloud radiative forcing calculated with aerosol radiative effects neglected. The method also yields an aerosol radiative forcing decomposition that includes a term quantifying the impact of changes in surface albedo. The method requires only two additional diagnostic calculations: the whole-sky and clear-sky top-of-atmosphere radiative flux with aerosol radiative effects neglected.

Ghan, Steven J.

2013-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

340

Force-Extension Relationship of Cell-Cell Contacts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adherens junctions (AJ) are adhesive motifs joining neighboring cells. The physical contacts are fingerlike structures which grow perpendicular to the cell-cell interface. While their length may vary with the applied force, their density is independent of length. Here we measure AJ contact lengths while varying the mean contractile force of the cell using nocodazole. Using this assay and a simple mechanical model, we measure an effective spring constant of about 30??pN/?m per finger. This measurement may enable the estimation of cell monolayer force distributions from a simple AJ image.

Julien Brevier; Marcel Vallade; Daniel Riveline

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Wave induced forces on a partially exposed circular cylinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to determine the wave forces on a pipeline rest. ing on the bottom partia'lly embeded in surrounding sediments was conducted. The forces were measured by strain gauge load cells and recorded on an electronic strip chart recorder. The resulting forces were... Associated with the Potential Function of Stokes' 3rd Order Wave Theory Fluid Density Circular Have Frequency (ML a) O'-. 'APTER I IN RJCUCTION Since the Tate nineteenth century, men have been constructing various types of pipelines in t"e ocean...

Parker, Michael Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

Measurement of the Short-Range Attractive Force between Ge Plates Using a Torsion Balance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the short-range attractive force between crystalline Ge plates, and found contributions from both the Casimir force and an electrical force possibly generated by surface patch potentials. Using a model of surface patch effects that generates an additional force due to a distance dependence of the apparent contact potential, the electrical force was parametrized using data at distances where the Casimir force is relatively small. Extrapolating this model, to provide a correction to the measured force at distances less than 5 {mu}m, shows a residual force that is in agreement, within experimental uncertainty, with five models that have been used to calculate the Casimir force.

Kim, W. J.; Sushkov, A. O.; Lamoreaux, S. K. [Yale University, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Dalvit, D. A. R. [Theoretical Division, MS B213, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2009-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

343

Simulations of friction force microscopy on the KBr(001) surface based on ab initio calculated tip-sample forces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on ab initio-based simulations of friction-force microscopy on the KBr(001) surface at zero and nonzero temperature. To simulate sliding friction, we employ an extended three-dimensional (3D) Prandtl-Tomlinson model. The microscopic part of the tip is modeled by K+- or Br--terminated tips. We use a tip-surface interaction potential, which is calculated within local-density approximation of density-functional theory and supplemented by a long-range van der Waals interaction resulting from the macroscopic part of the tip. Thermal fluctuations are included via random white noise. The loading force acting on the tip enters the Langevin equation of motion separately from all other forces so that it can be changed at will. We analyze friction as a function of loading force, temperature, and mass of the tip and identify regions of these parameters where distinct stick-slip behavior or ultra-low friction occurs. A comparison of our 3D ab initioresults with those obtained using sinusoidal tip-surface forces (1D model) is very revealing. By and large, both approaches yield results in good agreement at T=0K. At higher temperatures, however, distinct differences occur. For example, at T=295K, the 1D model calculations overestimate the friction hysteresis and energy dissipation, and for positive loading forces they even can yield a different periodicity in the friction-force profile.

Christine Wieferink; Peter Krger; Johannes Pollmann

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

Nuclear forces in the parity odd sector and the LS forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we report our first attempt at determining NN potentials in the parity odd sector including the spin-orbit force in lattice QCD, employing the method to extract successfully parity even NN potentials from Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter (NBS) wave functions through the Schr\\"odinger equation. Using Nf = 2 CP-PACS gauge configurations on a 16^3 x 32 lattice at a = 0.16 fm and m_\\pi \\cong 1.1 GeV, we calculate central, tensor and spin-orbit potentials in the parity odd sector. Although statistical errors are still large, we observe that the qualitative features of these potentials roughly agree with those of phenomenological potentials.

Keiko Murano; for the HALQCD Collaboration

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

345

Task Force for Strategic Developments to Blue Ribbon Commission  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Task Force for Strategic Developments to Blue Ribbon Commission Task Force for Strategic Developments to Blue Ribbon Commission Recommendations Task Force for Strategic Developments to Blue Ribbon Commission Recommendations Formed at the direction of the President to Secretary Chu and included leading experts. Purpose to conduct a comprehensive review of polices for managing the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle; i.e., recycle before storage and permanent disposal. Detailed analysis, with eight major recommendations; also recommended near-term actions. Task Force for Strategic Developments to Blue Ribbon Commission Recommendations More Documents & Publications Categorization of Used Nuclear Fuel Inventory in Support of a Comprehensive National Nuclear Fuel Cycle Strategy DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection, and

346

University Research Reactor Task Force to the Nuclear Energy Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

University Research Reactor Task Force to the Nuclear Energy University Research Reactor Task Force to the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee University Research Reactor Task Force to the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee In mid-February, 2001 The University Research Reactor (URR) Task Force (TF), a sub-group of the Department of Energy (DOE) Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee (NERAC), was asked to: * Analyze information collected by DOE, the NERAC "Blue Ribbon Panel," universities, and other sources pertaining to university reactors including their research and training capabilities, costs to operate, and operating data, and * Provide DOE with clear, near-term recommendations as to actions that should be taken by the Federal Government and a long-term strategy to assure the continued operation of vital university reactor facilities in

347

Federal Task Force Sends Recommendations to President on Fostering Clean  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Federal Task Force Sends Recommendations to President on Fostering Federal Task Force Sends Recommendations to President on Fostering Clean Coal Technology Federal Task Force Sends Recommendations to President on Fostering Clean Coal Technology August 12, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - President Obama's Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), co-chaired by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE), delivered a series of recommendations to the president today on overcoming the barriers to the widespread, cost-effective deployment of CCS within 10 years. CCS is a group of technologies for capturing, compressing, transporting and permanently storing power plant and industrial source emissions of carbon dioxide. Rapid development and deployment of clean coal technologies,

348

Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hill Air Force Base, Utah Hill Air Force Base, Utah Case Study - Hill Air Force Base, Utah October 7, 2013 - 2:00pm Addthis Overview Energy savings performance contracting at Hill Air Force Base generated much interest during a recent training session on energy management that downlinked 12 Department of Defense sites. Energy systems in 940 buildings on the Base will be upgraded under an 18-year ESPC between the Government and the energy service company, CES/Way. Improvements are distributed over five task orders that will be completed in five years, with CES/Way providing $2.5 million in up-front costs for the first two task orders. Utah Power & Light will provide $8 million in rebates to help cover the contractor's initial investment, maintenance services, and interest costs.

349

Federal Task Force Sends Recommendations to President on Fostering Clean  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Task Force Sends Recommendations to President on Fostering Task Force Sends Recommendations to President on Fostering Clean Coal Technology Federal Task Force Sends Recommendations to President on Fostering Clean Coal Technology August 12, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - President Obama's Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), co-chaired by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE), delivered a series of recommendations to the president today on overcoming the barriers to the widespread, cost-effective deployment of CCS within 10 years. CCS is a group of technologies for capturing, compressing, transporting and permanently storing power plant and industrial source emissions of carbon dioxide. Rapid development and deployment of clean coal technologies, particularly

350

Administrator D'Agostino on Nuclear Forces and Nonproliferation | National  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Forces and Nonproliferation | National Nuclear Forces and Nonproliferation | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Speeches > Administrator D'Agostino on Nuclear Forces and Nonproliferation Speech Administrator D'Agostino on Nuclear Forces and Nonproliferation Oct 28, 2010 As prepared for delivery at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for

351

Protective Force Protocols for ESS Supported Performance Tests and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Protective Force Protocols for ESS Supported Performance Tests and Protective Force Protocols for ESS Supported Performance Tests and Exercises, March 12, 2007 Protective Force Protocols for ESS Supported Performance Tests and Exercises, March 12, 2007 This document presents the protocols and ROE to be followed for both limited-scope and large-scale FOF performance tests. It sets forth basic procedures and responsibilities for planning, conducting, and evaluating such tests. The intent is to provide a standard framework to govern the conduct of such tests in connection with Independent Oversight inspections at NNSA and ESE sites and to ensure consistent approaches for all other FOF applications, approaches designed to enable program management to compare results from site to site. Protective Force Protocols for ESS Supported Performance Tests and

352

Smart Grid Task Force Presentations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Federal Smart Federal Smart Grid Task Force » Smart Grid Task Force Presentations Smart Grid Task Force Presentations Presentations about the Federal Smart Grid Task Force and it's activities will be posted as soon as they become available. May 7, 2008 - Smart Grid Activities at the Department of Energy (PDF 349 KB) May 19, 2008 - What is a Smart Grid? Edison Electric Institute E-Forum, Joe Miller, Horizon Energy Group (PDF 530 KB) June 16, 2008 - The Smart Grid: Benefits and Challenges, Edison Electric Institute E-Forum, Joe Miller, Horizon Energy Group (PDF 1.44 MB) June 20, 2008 - Smart Grid Implementation Workshop Opening Plenary Presentations Visions of the Smart Grid: Deconstructing the traditional utility to build the virtual utility, by Tom Standish, CenterPoint Energy (PDF 2.66

353

Gregory H. Friedman: Before the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces Committee  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strategic Forces Strategic Forces Committee on Armed Services U.S. House of Representatives Gregory H. Friedman: Before the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces Committee on Armed Services U.S. House of Representatives February 28, 2013 Before the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces Committee on Armed Services U.S. House of Representatives Statement of Gregory H. Friedman, Inspector General, Department of Energy Mr. Chairman and Members of the Subcommittee, I am pleased to be here at your request to testify on actions of the Office of Inspector General relating to the July 2012 security breach at the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12). I will also discuss related aspects of our work concerning contractor governance and physical security at Department of Energy and NNSA facilities.

354

Optical system for high-speed Atomic Force Microscope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the design and development of an optical cantilever deflection sensor for a high speed Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). This optical sensing system is able to track a small cantilever while the X-Y scanner ...

Lim, Kwang Yong, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Collective behaviors of the Casimir force in microelectromechanical systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our goal was to explore the strong dependence of the Casimir force on the shape of the interacting bodies. We made significant progress and measured the Casimir force on silicon surface with rectangular corrugation and showed that the results agree with theoretical calculations, provided that the optical properties of silicon are taken into account. Furthermore, we performed measurement of the Casimir force within a single chip for the first time, between a doubly clamped beam and a movable, on-chip electrode at liquid helium temperature. This experiment represents a new way of studying the Casimir effect, a significant advance from the conventional approach of placing an external surface close to a force transducer.

Chan, H. B.; Yelton, J.

2013-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

356

Lattice Boltzmann boundary conditions via singular forces: irregular expansion analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lattice Boltzmann boundary conditions via singular forces: irregular expansion analysis. We benchmark the method on lattice Boltzmann flows past a rigid disk, comparing its numerical performances with standard boundary condition approaches. Key words: lattice Boltzmann method, boundary

357

Generative morphologies of architectural organization in matter force field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates generative methods of architectural form finding in matter force fields that produce spatial subdivision and organizational variation. Unlike the style driven contemporary free-form architecture ...

Mutlu, Murat

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Academic Science Program Task Force Tuesday, September 27, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Malecha and Weiss); Jeff Braden and Ira Weiss expressed interest in meeting with the task force 11/04/11 3-4:30 p.m. Williams Hall, Room 2215 · Surveys (via Qualtrics) o Went out to department

359

Reduction of unsteady underwater propeller forces via active tail articulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study investigates the use of biologically-inspired tail articulation as a means to reduce unsteady propeller forces and by extension, noise due to stator wake blade interaction. This study is experimental in nature ...

James, Richard A. (Richard Alexander), 1982-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Design and analysis of a monolithic flexure atomic force microscope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis details the design, manufacture, and testing of a sub-nanometer accuracy atomic force microscope. It was made to be integrated into the Sub-Atomic Measuring Machine (SAMM) in collaboration with the University ...

Ljubicic, Dean M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

LORENTZ SELF-FORCE OF AN ELLIPSE CURRENT LOOP MODEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, the Lorentz self-force of an ellipse current loop model is derived. We are motivated by the fact that it has been reported in the literature that coronal mass ejection morphology can resemble an ellipse in the field of view of coronagraph images. Deriving the Lorentz self-force using an ellipse geometry has the advantage of being able to be solved analytically, as opposed to other more complex geometries. The derived ellipse model is compared with the local curvature approximation, where the Lorentz self-force at the ellipse major/minor axis is compared with the Lorentz self-force of a torus with curvature equal to the local curvature at the ellipses major/minor axis. It is found that the local curvature approximation is valid for moderate values of eccentricity.

Olmedo, Oscar [Space Sciences Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Zhang Jie; Kunkel, Valbona, E-mail: oscar.olmedo.ctr@nrl.navy.mil [School of Physics, Astronomy and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States)

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

362

Air Force Enhanced Use Lease (EUL) Playbook | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lease (EUL) Playbook Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Air Force Enhanced Use Lease (EUL) Playbook Abstract This website provides...

363

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Nellis Air Force Base -...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

of the Defense InstallationsFacilities; Number 13. NV.04-3 - DOE Letter; Church to Rohlof; Disposal of Liquid Radioactive Waste -- Nellis Air Force Base; September 1, 1983...

364

Membrane shape as a reporter for applied forces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reconstruction microscopy . Science 319 : 810 813...cell membranes . Science 175 : 720 731...applied forces. | Recent advances have enabled...Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and...and vesicles. Advances in Physics...

Heun Jin Lee; Eric L. Peterson; Rob Phillips; William S. Klug; Paul A. Wiggins

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Modeling Adhesive Forces for Ultra Low Flying Head Disk Interfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses a major issue in microtribology related to the head/disk interface (HDI) in magnetic storage. This is the issue of strong intermolecular (adhesive) forces that may be present at the interf...

Andreas A. Polycarpou

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Portfolio management in the Air Force : current status and opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are hundreds of weapons programs, under the management of the United States Air Force worth billions of dollars. These programs are being developed to fulfill a need in the U.S. defense strategy. Bringing these weapon ...

Morgan, Dave B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Task Force on Undergraduate Retention and Graduation: Meeting Documentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Task Force on Undergraduate Retention and Graduation: Meeting Documentation March 17, 2011 Part 1 Altenkirch Charge to the Committee, February 3, 2011 Meeting Date: March 17, 2011; minutes revised on April

Bieber, Michael

368

Chemical Force Microscopy Nanoscale Probing of Fundamental Chemical Interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intermolecular forces impact a wide spectrum of problems in condensed phases: from molecular recognition, self-assembly, and protein folding at the molecular and nanometer scale, to interfacial fracture, frict...

Aleksandr Noy; Dmitry V. Vezenov

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Generation of Dielectrophoretic Force under Uniform Electric Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective dipole moment method has been widely accepted as the de facto technique in predicting the dielectrophoretic force due to the non-uniform electric field. In this method, a finite-particle is modeled as an equivalent ...

Kua, C.H.

370

Task Force on Undergraduate Retention and Graduation: Meeting Documentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Task Force on Undergraduate Retention and Graduation: Meeting Documentation April 28, 2011 Part 1 such as tenacity impacting retention and graduation are more difficult to measure and have not been tracked

Bieber, Michael

371

Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience Announces Tribal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Indian Country Webinar Series On July 16, at the fourth and final meeting of the White House State, Local, and Tribal Leaders Task Force on Climate Preparedness and...

372

Coherence Maps for Wind-Forced Quasigeostrophic Flows  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coherence maps are a useful tool to study the oceanic response to atmospheric forcing. For a specific frequency band these maps display the coherence between the oceanic current (or pressure) at a single mooring location and the atmospheric ...

Peter Mller

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

On the Correlation between Forcing and Climate Sensitivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The possible correlation between climate sensitivity and radiative forcing is studied using versions of the NCAR Community Atmospheric Model (CAM) model with different climate sensitivities. No such correlation was found ...

Sokolov, Andrei

374

Single-molecule studies of DNA dynamics and intermolecular forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forces imposed on a single molecule in a concentratedOF THE DISSERTATION Single-Molecule Studies of DNA DynamicsRecently developed single-molecule techniques, which allow

Robertson, Rae Marie

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A Generalized Predictive Force Controller for electropneumatic cylinders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the number of control parameters is very reduced: the weighting coefficient and the prediction horizon and the valve are not taken into account. No studies of predictive force control of pneumatic actuators have

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

376

Renormalization and power counting of chiral nuclear forces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I discuss the progress we have made on modifying Weinberg's prescription for chiral nuclear forces, using renormalization group invariance as the guideline. Some of the published results are presented.

Long, Bingwei [JLAB

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Task Force for Strategic Developments to Blue Ribbon Commission  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Task Force for Strategic Developments to Blue Ribbon Commission Task Force for Strategic Developments to Blue Ribbon Commission Recommendations Task Force for Strategic Developments to Blue Ribbon Commission Recommendations Formed at the direction of the President to Secretary Chu and included leading experts. Purpose to conduct a comprehensive review of polices for managing the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle; i.e., recycle before storage and permanent disposal. Detailed analysis, with eight major recommendations; also recommended near-term actions. Task Force for Strategic Developments to Blue Ribbon Commission Recommendations More Documents & Publications DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection, and Rail Issues Categorization of Used Nuclear Fuel Inventory in Support of a Comprehensive

378

Pantex honors military at Armed Forces Day celebration | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

military at Armed Forces Day celebration | National Nuclear military at Armed Forces Day celebration | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Pantex honors military at Armed Forces Day celebration Pantex honors military at Armed Forces Day celebration Posted By Office of Public Affairs Erhart Will Pantex honored employees for their military service May 16 with a flag

379

WIPP Security Force Recognized for Outstanding Safety | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Security Force Recognized for Outstanding Safety Security Force Recognized for Outstanding Safety WIPP Security Force Recognized for Outstanding Safety May 9, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Office Manager Joe Franco (right) presents the Star of Excellence Award to Security Walls, LLC Manager Richard De Los Santos. U.S. Department of Energy Carlsbad Field Office Manager Joe Franco (right) presents the Star of Excellence Award to Security Walls, LLC Manager Richard De Los Santos. Media Contact Deb Gill, (575) 234-7270 U.S. DOE Carlsbad Field Office CARLSBAD, N.M., May 9, 2013 - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded Security Walls, LLC, the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's (WIPP) Security Protective Force, with a Star of Excellence Award in the Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) for the fifth consecutive year.

380

Casimir forces in a Plasma: Possible Connections to Yukawa Potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present theoretical and numerical results for the screened Casimir effect between perfect metal surfaces in a plasma. We show how the Casimir effect in an electron-positron plasma can provide an important contribution to nuclear interactions. Our results suggest that there is a connection between Casimir forces and nucleon forces mediated by mesons. Correct nuclear energies and meson masses appear to emerge naturally from the screened Casimir-Lifshitz effect.

Barry W. Ninham; Mathias Bostrm; Clas Persson; Iver Brevik; Stefan Y. Buhmann; Bo E. Sernelius

2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A model to illustrate forces in nuclear fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model consisting of magnets and iron which makes a good analogy of the behavior of the electrostatic and nuclear force involved in the fusion of two protons has been constructed and used as a lecture demonstration. Detailed calculations of the magnetic field and of the forces that explain the unusual behavior of the model are presented. The model can also be useful in electricity and magnetism where students can be challenged to explain the unusual behavior of this science puzzle. ?

E. Kashy; D. A. Johnson

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Using Atom Interferometry to Search for New Forces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atom interferometry is a rapidly advancing field and this Letter proposes an experiment based on existing technology that can search for new short distance forces. With current technology it is possible to improve the sensitivity by up to a factor of 10{sup 2} and near-future advances will be able to rewrite the limits for forces with ranges from 100 {micro}m to 1km.

Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC

2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

383

Dissipative force on an external quark in heavy quark cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the finite temperature N = 4 strongly coupled super Yang- Mills, we compute the dissipative force on an external quark in the presence of evenly distributed heavy quark cloud. This is computed holographically by constructing the corresponding gravity dual. We study the behaviour of this force as a function of the cloud density. Along the way we also analyze the stability of the gravity dual for vector and tensor perturbations.

Shankhadeep Chakrabortty

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Fast dynamic force computation for electrostatic and electromagnetic conductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interval. Hence ef- ficient and accurate simulation tools are required for calculation of electrostatic and electromagnetic forces. A. Electrostatic Conductors When a voltage is applied between two conductors, electrostatic charges are induced... Conductors Electromagnetic interactions gain importance in high performance and high power applications because the magnitude of electrostatic forces is limited by the applied voltage. A current carrying conductor produces a magnetic field around the con...

Koteeswaran, Prabhavathi

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

385

Ion pump activity generates fluctuating electrostatic forces in biomembranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the non-equilibrium dynamics of lipid membranes with proteins that actively pump ions across the membrane. We find that the activity leads to a fluctuating force distribution due to electrostatic interactions arising from variation in dielectric constant across the membrane. By applying a multipole expansion we find effects on both the tension and bending rigidity dominated parts of the membranes fluctuation spectrum. We discuss how our model compares with previous studies of force-multipole models.

B. Loubet; M. A. Lomholt

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

386

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force landfill Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Driving Forces towards Materials... lack of Waste-to-Energy capacity. 12;9 Austria As Germany, but Ban in force already in 2002. Landfill... Landfill Ban in force already in...

387

August 16, 2014 mHealth Project Force Asia-Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

August 16, 2014 mHealth Project Force Asia-Pacific Stan Jarzabek Contents Executive Summary................................................................................................................................. 1 Who should join mHealth Project Force?...............................................................................................2 How to join mHealth Project Force

Jarzabek, Stan

388

Atomic Force Microscopy and Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy Evidence of Local Structural Inhomogeneity and Nonuniform Dopant Distribution in Conducting Polybithiophene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atomic Force Microscopy and Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy Evidence of Local Structural Inhomogeneity and Nonuniform Dopant Distribution in Conducting Polybithiophene ... The fundamental difference between polymer grains and grain peripheral areas demonstrated by KFM was also supported by in situ contact-mode AFM data taken with the as-grown polymer film. ... (1)?Pekker, S.; Janossy, A. In Handbook of Conducting Polymers; Skotheim, T. A., Ed.; Marcel Dekker:? New York, 1986; Vol. ...

Oleg A. Semenikhin; Lei Jiang; Tomokazu Iyoda; Kazuhito Hashimoto; Akira Fujishima

1996-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

389

Report of the Fermilab ILC Citizens' Task Force  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory convened the ILC Citizens' Task Force to provide guidance and advice to the laboratory to ensure that community concerns and ideas are included in all public aspects of planning and design for a proposed future accelerator, the International Linear Collider. In this report, the members of the Task Force describe the process they used to gather and analyze information on all aspects of the proposed accelerator and its potential location at Fermilab in northern Illinois. They present the conclusions and recommendations they reached as a result of the learning process and their subsequent discussions and deliberations. While the Task Force was charged to provide guidance on the ILC, it became clear during the process that the high cost of the proposed accelerator made a near-term start for the project at Fermilab unlikely. Nevertheless, based on a year of extensive learning and dialogue, the Task Force developed a series of recommendations for Fermilab to consider as the laboratory develops all successor projects to the Tevatron. The Task Force recognizes that bringing a next-generation particle physics project to Fermilab will require both a large international effort and the support of the local community. While the Task Force developed its recommendations in response to the parameters of a future ILC, the principles they set forth apply directly to any large project that may be conceived at Fermilab, or at other laboratories, in the future. With this report, the Task Force fulfills its task of guiding Fermilab from the perspective of the local community on how to move forward with a large-scale project while building positive relationships with surrounding communities. The report summarizes the benefits, concerns and potential impacts of bringing a large-scale scientific project to northern Illinois.

None

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force personnel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in an actual Summary: components: personnel and technological interventions. In terms of personnel interventions, the Air Force... of the Air Force's culture and mission,...

391

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerosol radiative forcing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

No. DE- Summary: : WHY MEASUREMENTS ALONE CANNOT QUANTIFY AEROSOL RADIATIVE FORCING OF CLIMATE CHANGE Stephen E. Schwartz... of radiative forcing of climate change by aerosols,...

392

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered frequency-force relationships Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

value given by black... ,5(t)): Increasing numbers of observations in space, Eulerian Model Error Case, high frequency forcing... frequency forcing. So far we have only ......

393

Report of the SEAB Task Force on Technology Development for Environmen...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Report of the SEAB Task Force on Technology Development for Environmental Management. Report of the SEAB Task Force on Technology Development for Environmental Management. This...

394

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied mechanical force Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

mechanical force Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: applied mechanical force Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Mechanical Engineering...

395

First interim report of the Federal Fleet Conversion Task Force  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Federal Fleet Conversion Task Force was created by Executive Order 12844, signed by President Clinton on April 21, 1993. In the Order, the President directed that purchases of alternative fueled vehicles by the Federal Government be substantially increased beyond the levels required by current law. The President charged the Task Force with developing recommendations for carrying out the Executive Order, with special emphasis on setting a course that will lead to the widespread use of alternative fueled vehicles by Federal, State, and local government fleets, by private fleets and, ultimately, by individuals. The chief recommendation of the Task Force is the establishment of a Presidential Clean Cities Initiative. To support creation of the Presidential Initiative, the Task Force identified 38 cities and regions, prioritized into three tiers, for concentrating the Initiative`s efforts in Fiscal Years 1994 through 1996. This concentration of effort is key to the effectiveness of the Initiative. The 38 cities and regions would receive priority funding for Federal vehicle purchases and for infrastructure development. In addition, the Task Force has made specific recommendations for overcoming numerous regulatory, economic, and technical barriers that have slowed the introduction of alternative fueled vehicles into general use.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Surface contact potential patches and Casimir force measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present calculations of contact potential surface patch effects that simplify previous treatments. It is shown that, because of the linearity of Laplace's equation, the presence of patch potentials does not affect an electrostatic calibration of a two-plate Casimir measurement apparatus. Using models that include long-range variations in the contact potential across the plate surfaces, a number of experimental observations can be reproduced and explained. For these models, numerical calculations show that if a voltage is applied between the plates which minimizes the force, a residual electrostatic force persists, and that the minimizing potential varies with distance. The residual force can be described by a fit to a simple two-parameter function involving the minimizing potential and its variation with distance. We show the origin of this residual force by use of a simple parallel capacitor model. Finally, the implications of a residual force that varies in a manner different from 1/d on the accuracy of previous Casimir measurements is discussed.

Kim, W. J.; Sushkov, A. O.; Lamoreaux, S. K. [Yale University, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 208120, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8120 (United States); Dalvit, D. A. R. [Theoretical Division MS B213, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

Long range constant force profiling for measurement of engineering surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new instrument bridging the gap between atomic force microscopes (AFMs) and stylus profiling instruments is described. The constant force profiler is capable of subnanometer resolution over a 15??m vertical range with a horizontal traverse length of 50 mm. This long traverse length coupled with the possibilities of utilizing standard radius diamondmeasurement styli make the force profiler more compatible with existing profiling instrument standards. The forces between the specimen and a diamond stylus tipped cantilever spring are sensed as displacements using a capacitance bridge. This displacement signal is then fed through a proportional plus integral controller to a high stability piezoelectric actuator to maintain a constant tip?to?sample force of approximately 100 nN. Much of the sensor head and traverse mechanism is made of Zerodur glass?ceramic to provide the thermal stability needed for long travel measurements. Profiles of a 30?nm silica step height standard and an 8.5??m step etched on Zerodur are presented.

L. P. Howard; S. T. Smith

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Northeast High-Level Radioactive Waste Transportation Task Force Agenda  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Northeast High-Level Radioactive Waste Transportation Task Force Northeast High-Level Radioactive Waste Transportation Task Force Spring Meeting - May 15, 2012 Hilton Knoxville 501 West Church Avenue, Knoxville, TN 37902-2591 Agenda (Draft #1 - 4/18/12) ______________________________________________________________________________ Tuesday, May 15 - 9:00 AM - 3:30 PM / (need meeting room name) 8:00 a.m. Continental Breakfast - served in meeting room 9:00 a.m. Task Force Business Meeting - John Giarrusso, MEMA and Rich Pinney, NJDEP Co-chairs presiding  Welcome: Introductions; Agenda Review; Announcements  2012 funding  Co-Chair Election  Rules of Procedure  Membership: members & alternates appointment status  Legislative Liaisons  Staff Regional Meeting Attendance

399

Forceful Fluid: Scientists Discover a Starchy Substance with Oily  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Forceful Fluid: Scientists Discover a Starchy Substance with Oily Forceful Fluid: Scientists Discover a Starchy Substance with Oily Applications Forceful Fluid: Scientists Discover a Starchy Substance with Oily Applications February 16, 2011 - 5:14pm Addthis At left, highly turbulent behavior as water flows into (clear) oil. At right, all turbulence is suppressed by using cornstarch. | Department of Energy Photo | Courtesy of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Public Domain At left, highly turbulent behavior as water flows into (clear) oil. At right, all turbulence is suppressed by using cornstarch. | Department of Energy Photo | Courtesy of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | Public Domain Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science Bachelor kitchens are rarely known for their cleanliness. One reason is

400

Department of Energy Establishes Asset Revitalization Task Force  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thursday, February 17, 2011 Thursday, February 17, 2011 Department of Energy Establishes Asset Revitalization Task Force Washington, D.C. � Secretary of Energy Steven Chu today announced the establishment of a Task Force on Asset Revitalization to facilitate a discussion among the Department of Energy, communities around DOE sites, nonprofits, tribal governments, the private sector and other stakeholders to identify reuse approaches as environmental cleanup efforts reach completion. The task force will explore opportunities to reutilize DOE site assets for beneficial purposes, which may include clean energy development, environmental sustainability projects, open space or other uses. �For decades, Department of Energy sites and their surrounding communities have played a vital role in supporting the nation�s nuclear

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

FORCE RECONSTRUCTION USING THE SUM OF WEIGHTED ACCELERATIONS  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

i i FORCE RECONSTRUCTION USING THE SUM OF WEIGHTED ACCELERATIONS TECHNIQUE - _-FUkT PRt_EOURE Thomas G. Came, Randy L. Mayas and Vesta I. Bateman .... _ i_ _ :!_ Sandia NationalLaboratories _. .... Albuquerque, NewMexico87185, USA ' _ i_ _ / ABSTRACT important design consideration. This would include payloador satelliteloads duringrocket launches[3]. Force reconstruction is a procedure in which the externally applied force is inferred from measured An applicationthat will be discussed as part of this structuralresponse ratherthan directlymeasured. In paper is the impact into a rigid barrier of a weapon a recently developed technique, the response system with an energy-absorbing nose. The nose acceleration time-histories are multiplied by scalar had been designed to absorb the energy of impact weights and summed to produce the reconstructed and to mitigate the shock to the

402

July 2012, Work Force Retention Work Group Status Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Work Force Retention Work Group Status Overview Work Force Retention Work Group Status Overview Accomplishments: 1. Progress on the completion of the 10 CFR 1046 modifications to address barriers to workforce retention. Written response to public comment is being drafted by HS-51. 2. Pro-Force (PF) union representative, Randy Lawson, identified this accomplishment as the single most significant step toward PF workforce retention in over 20 years. 3. Draft re-charter of PF Career Options Committee (PFCOC) to establish a PF Working Group approved by GC-63 and GC NNSA. Near Term Goals and Activities: 1. Publish 1046 as a final rule - anticipated completion no later than September, assuming timely OMB review and approval. 2. Draft PF Working Group charter final review by senior management to be

403

Final Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Task Force Strategic Plan |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Task Force Strategic Plan Final Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Task Force Strategic Plan Final Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Task Force Strategic Plan The natural resources of the Gulf's ecosystem are vital to many of the region's industries that directly support economic progress and job creation, including tourism and recreation, seafood production and sales, energy production and navigation and commerce. Among the key priorities of the strategy are: 1) Stopping the Loss of Critical Wetlands, Sand Barriers and Beaches The strategy recommends placing ecosystem restoration on an equal footing with historic uses such as navigation and flood damage reduction by approaching water resource management decisions in a far more comprehensive manner that will bypass harm to wetlands, barrier islands and beaches. The

404

Governor's Guaranteed Work Force Program (West Virginia) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Governor's Guaranteed Work Force Program (West Virginia) Governor's Guaranteed Work Force Program (West Virginia) Governor's Guaranteed Work Force Program (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Workforce development Small, medium and large West Virginia private-for-profit businesses, including but not limited to: Energy, Technology, Aerospace, Automotive, Business Services, Chemicals/Plastics, Metals, Tourist Destinations, Wood Products, Biometrics, Biotech, Food Products, Printing and Warehouse/Distribution are eligible to be reimbursed for expenses incurred when training new employees. Under this program, the West Virginia Development Office can pay up to 100% or $2,000 per trainee, whichever is

405

Forced transport of deformable containers through narrow constrictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study, numerically and analytically, the forced transport of deformable containers through a narrow constriction. Our central aim is to quantify the competition between the constriction geometry and the active forcing, regulating whether and at which speed a container may pass through the constriction and under what conditions it gets stuck. We focus, in particular, on the interrelation between the force that propels the container and the radius of the channel, as these are the external variables that may be directly controlled in both artificial and physiological settings. We present Lattice-Boltzmann simulations that elucidate in detail the various phases of translocation, and present simplified analytical models that treat two limiting types of these membrane containers: deformational energy dominated by the bending or stretching contribution. In either case we find excellent agreement with the full simulations, and our results reveal that not only the radius but also the length of the constriction determines whether or not the container will pass.

Remy Kusters; Thijs van der Heijden; Badr Kaoui; Jens Harting; Cornelis Storm

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

406

Does The 3N-Force Have A Hard Core?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The meson-nucleon dynamics that generates the hard core of the RuhrPot two-nucleon interaction is shown to vanish in the irreducible 3N force. This result indicates a small 3N force dominated by conventional light meson-exchange dynamics and holds for an arbitrary meson-theoretic Lagrangian. The resulting RuhrPot 3N force is defined in the appendix. A completely different result is expected when the Tamm-Dancoff/Bloch-Horowitz procedure is used to define the NN and 3N potentials. In that approach, (e.g. full Bonn potential) both the NN {\\it and} 3N potentials contain non-vanishing contributions from the coherent sum of meson-recoil dynamics and the possibility of a large hard core requiring explicit calculation cannot be ruled out.

J. A. Eden; M. F. Gari

1996-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

407

Determining the role of hydration forces in protein folding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the primary issues in protein folding is determining what forces drive folding and eventually stabilize the native state. A delicate balance exists between electrostatic forces such as hydrogen bonding and salt bridges, and the hydrophobic effect, which are present for both intramolecular protein interactions and intermolecular contributions with the surrounding aqueous environment. This article describes a combined experimental, theoretical, and computational effort to show how the complexity of aqueous hydration can influence the structure, folding and aggregation, and stability of model protein systems. The unification of the theoretical and experimental work is the development or discovery of effective amino acid interactions that implicitly include the effects of aqueous solvent. The authors show that consideration of the full range of complexity of aqueous hydration forces such as many-body effects, long-ranged character of aqueous solvation, and the assumptions made about the degree of protein hydrophobicity can directly impact the observed structure, folding, and stability of model protein systems.

Sorenson, J.M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Hura, G. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)] [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Life Sciences Div.; Soper, A.K. [Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom). ISIS Facility] [Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom). ISIS Facility; Pertsemlidis, A. [Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry] [Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Biochemistry; Head-Gordon, T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

New weakly coupled forces hidden in low-energy QCD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Is it possible to detect a new weakly coupled force at the QCD scale that interacts primarily with quarks? This work investigates experimental signatures of a new MeVGeV gauge boson that couples to the baryon number, with attention to the 100MeVGeV mass range that is the regime of nonperturbative QCD. Such a state can be searched for in rare radiative decays of light mesons (?,??,?,?) as a ?0? resonance, which is its leading decay mode from 140 to 620MeV. This is a new discovery window for forces beyond the Standard Model that is not covered by existing dark photon searches.

Sean Tulin

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

409

Noncontact Rack and Pinion Powered by the Lateral Casimir Force  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The lateral Casimir force is employed to propose a design for a potentially wear-proof rack and pinion with no contact, which can be miniaturized to the nanoscale. The robustness of the design is studied by exploring the relation between the pinion velocity and the rack velocity in the different domains of the parameter space. The effects of friction and added external load are also examined. It is shown that the device can hold up extremely high velocities, unlike what the general perception of the Casimir force as a weak interaction might suggest.

Arash Ashourvan; MirFaez Miri; Ramin Golestanian

2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

410

On transition from Alfvn resonance to forced magnetic reconnection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We revisit the transition from Alfvn resonance to forced magnetic reconnection with a focus on the property of their singularities. As the driven frequency tends to zero, the logarithmic singularity of Alfvn resonance shifts to the power-law singularity of forced reconnection, due to merging of the two resonance layers. The transition criterion depends on either kinetic effects or dissipations that resolve the singularity. As an example, a small but finite resistivity ? is introduced to investigate the transition process. The transition threshold is then obtained as the driven frequency reaches a level of ?O((?/k){sup 1/3})

Luan, Q. [MOE Key Lab of Materials Modification by Beams and School of Physics and Optoelectrical Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Wang, X., E-mail: xgwang@hit.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Atomistic force field for alumina fit to density functional theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a force field for bulk alumina (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), which has been parametrized by fitting the energies, forces, and stresses of a large database of reference configurations to those calculated with density functional theory (DFT). We use a functional form that is simpler and computationally more efficient than some existing models of alumina parametrized by a similar technique. Nevertheless, we demonstrate an accuracy of our potential that is comparable to those existing models and to DFT. We present calculations of crystal structures and energies, elastic constants, phonon spectra, thermal expansion, and point defect formation energies.

Sarsam, Joanne [Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom) [Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Thomas Young Centre, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Finnis, Michael W.; Tangney, Paul, E-mail: p.tangney@imperial.ac.uk [Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom) [Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Thomas Young Centre, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

412

Magnus force in discrete and continuous two-dimensional superfluids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motion of vortices in two-dimensional superfluids in the classical limit is studied by solving the Gross-Pitaevskii equation numerically on a uniform lattice. We find that, in the presence of a superflow directed along one of the main lattice periods, vortices move with the superflow on fine lattices but perpendicular to it on coarse ones. We interpret this result as a transition from the full Magnus force in a Galilean-invariant limit to vanishing effective Magnus force in a discrete system, in agreement with the existing experiments on vortex motion in Josephson junction arrays.

Gecse, Z.; Khlebnikov, S. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Laboratory and Multimedia in Science Teaching: Experiments about Magnetic Force  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We investigated the effectiveness of using multimedia tools in favoring learning of magnetic forces, a topic that physics education research showed to be particularly complex and difficult for students. We designed a sequence of experiments that was tested with about 150 high school students. Our results compared with the ones reported in the literature indicate that student's understanding of the direction and magnitude of the magnetic force markedly improved and typical difficulties were overcome. The work also allowed create a group of in service teachers who continue cooperating with the researchers in experimenting and improving the activity sequence.

Pasquale Onorato; Anna De Ambrosis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Modeling electrostatic patch effects in Casimir force measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrostatic patch potentials give rise to forces between neutral conductors at distances in the micrometer range and must be accounted for in the analysis of Casimir force experiments. In this paper we develop a quasi-local model for describing random potentials on metallic surfaces. In contrast to some previously published results, we find that patches may provide a significant contribution to the measured signal, and may render the experimental data at distances below 1 micrometer compatible with theoretical predictions based on the Drude model.

R. O. Behunin; F. Intravaia; D. A. R. Dalvit; P. A. Maia Neto; S. Reynaud

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

415

Measurement of three-point hitch forces on agricultural tractors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDV NO S30803 HDLIH lNIOd-33BHl 30 lN3W3'dOSV3W NEASUREMENT OF THREE-POINT HITCH FORCES ON AGRICULTURAL TRACTORS A Thesis by STEVEN MORRIS BANDY Approved as to style and content by: Bill A. Stout (Chairman of Committee) Stephen W. Searcy... (Member) Thomas R. Lalk (Member) dward . Hiler (Head of Department) August 1986 111 ABSTRACT measurement Of Three-Point Hitch Forces On Agricultural Tractors (August 1986) Steven Horris Bandy B. S. A. , Hurray State University Chairman...

Bandy, Steven Morris

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

416

The mechano-chemistry of cytoskeletal force generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this communication, we propose a model to study the non-equilibrium process by which actin stress fibers develop force in contractile cells. The emphasis here is on the non-equilibrium thermodynamics, which is necessary to address the mechanics as well as the chemistry of dynamic cell contractility. In this setting we are able to develop a framework that relates (a) the dynamics of force generation within the cell and (b) the cell response to external stimuli to the chemical processes occurring within the cell, as well as to the mechanics of linkage between the stress fibers, focal adhesions and extra-cellular matrix.

Mirko Maraldi; Krishna Garikipati

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

417

Impact of force withdrawal on options for conventional defenses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soviet withdrawal from the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) could open new defensive options. This report gives some background on those options from post-war nuclear and conventional strategies and the quantitative Soviet threat tot he role of firepower, close air support, and battlefield attrition. Withdrawal under the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty could provide a buffer between opposing armies that aggressor armies drop the bridges and disrupt the roads and rails that would have to be used. If forces were brought into battle piecemeal, they would be annihilated. That would permit effective use of advanced and prepositioned weapons, which would favor the defense. 9 refs.

Canavan, G.H.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

On Tensor Forces and the Theory of Light Nuclei  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The quadrupole moment of the deuteron indicates the existence of non-central tensor forces in nuclei which destroy the constancy of the total orbital angular momentum. With simple operational representations of the wave functions, the influence of two-body tensor forces on the ground state eigenfunctions of the light nuclei H3 and He4 has been calculated. In H3 the tensor forces directly couple to the fundamental S122 state a D124 state, which in turn interacts with P122 and P124. To the fundamental S01 state of He4 is admixed a D05 state which is coupled by the tensor forces with P03. All states consistent with the total angular momentum and parity conservation rules occur in the ground state eigenfunctions, and these nuclei therefore constitute the simplest examples of the complete break-down of spin and orbital angular momentum conservation laws. Rarita and Schwinger have satisfactorily accounted for the properties of the deuteron by including the tensor force in a simple interaction represented by a rectangular well potential. With this interaction to describe the forces between all pairs of nuclear particles, the binding energies of H3 and He4 have been estimated by a variation method The trial functions are of the form S122+D124 for H3 and S01+D05 for He4, with Gaussian radial functions. The calculations yield 32 and 50 percent of the binding energy for H3 and He4, respectively, while a similar test calculation for the deuteron gives 54 percent of the binding energy. The probability that these nuclei are in a D state is found to be 4 percent for all three nuclei, in agreement with the exact deuteron computations. Improvement of the radial dependence of the trial functions increases the estimated binding energy of the deuteron to 76 percent of the known value but does not materially affect either the estimated binding energies of H3 and He4, or the amount of D state admixture of the three nuclei. An analysis of the results shows that the tensor forces, which produce all the binding in the deuteron, are relatively ineffective in binding H3 and He4. This apparently indicates that the assumption of ordinary and tensor forces of the same range is not adequate to represent the properties of H3 and He4.

Edward Gerjuoy and Julian Schwinger

1942-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Force and stroke of a hydrogel actuator Widusha R. K. Illeperuma,ab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Force and stroke of a hydrogel actuator Widusha R. K. Illeperuma,ab Jeong-Yun Sun,ab Zhigang Suoab material is normally characterized by its force­stroke curve, but little is known about the force­stroke behavior of hydrogels. We use the theory of the ideal elastomeric gel to predict the force­stroke curves

Suo, Zhigang

420

Demonstration of Security Benefits of Renewable Generation at FE Warren Air Force Base  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Report detailing field demonstration of security benefits of renewable generation at FE Warren Air Force Base.

Warwick, William M.; Myers, Kurt; Seifert, Gary

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Electromechanical coupling in free-standing AlGaNGaN planar structures Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Wright-Patterson Air Force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 and Semiconductor Research Center, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45435 J. D. Albrecht Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 E. Pan Department of Civil Engineering

Pan, Ernie

422

Residential Forced Air System Cabinet Leakage and Blower Performance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Forced Air System Cabinet Leakage and Blower Performance Residential Forced Air System Cabinet Leakage and Blower Performance Title Residential Forced Air System Cabinet Leakage and Blower Performance Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-3383E Year of Publication 2010 Authors Walker, Iain S., Darryl J. Dickerhoff, and William W. Delp Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords air flow measurement, air leakage, blower power measurement, blowers, energy performance of buildings group, forced air systems, furnaces, indoor environment department, other, public interest energy research (pier) program, residential hvac Abstract This project evaluated the air leakage and electric power consumption of Residential HVAC components, with a particular focus on air leakage of furnace cabinets. Laboratory testing of HVAC components indicated that air leakage can be significant and highly variable from unit to unit - indicating the need for a standard test method and specifying maximum allowable air leakage in California State energy codes. To further this effort, this project provided technical assistance for the development of a national standard for Residential HVAC equipment air leakage. This standard is being developed by ASHRAE and is called "ASHRAE Standard 193P - Method of test for Determining the Air Leakage Rate of HVAC Equipment". The final part of this project evaluated techniques for measurement of furnace blower power consumption. A draft test procedure for power consumption was developed in collaboration with the Canadian General Standards Board: CSA 823 "Performance Standard for air handlers in residential space conditioning systems".

423

Forces on a magnet moving past figure-eight coils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the first time, the lift, drag, and guidance forces acting on a permanent magnet are measured as the magnet passes over different arrays of figure-eight (null-flux) coils. The experimental results are in good agreement with the predictions of dynamic circuit theory, which is used to explain more optimal coil arrays.

Mulcahy, T.H.; He, Jianliang; Rote, D.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rossing, T.D. [Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Forces on a magnet moving past figure-eight coils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the first time, the lift, drag, and guidance forces acting on a permanent magnet are measured as the magnet passes over different arrays of figure-eight (null-flux) coils. The experimental results are in good agreement with the predictions of dynamic circuit theory, which is used to explain more optimal coil arrays.

Mulcahy, T.H.; He, Jianliang; Rote, D.M. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Rossing, T.D. (Northern Illinois Univ., De Kalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Multiphase patterns in periodically forced oscillatory systems Christian Elphick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to infinity. Quintic nonlinearities lift the degeneracy at the instability point but do not change the basic quarter of the forcing frequency the 4:1 resonance . These systems possess four coexisting stable states. The instability is degenerate for an amplitude equation with cubic nonlinearities. At the instability point

Hagberg, Aric

426

The effect of the Coriolis force on Faraday waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...possibility of a tri-critical point at the onset of the surface...Force|Tri-Critical Point| 10.1098/rspa...Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute...and the tri-critical point at the onset of primary...SRIC) unit of the Indian Institute of Technology...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

United States of America Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of competition within the wholesale and retail market for electric energy in the United States and to submiti United States of America Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force and the Federal Energy and Retail Markets for Electric Energy Docket No. AD05

Tesfatsion, Leigh

428

Bending waves due to a moving harmonic force.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many structurally induced and flow?induced vibration problems the harmonic forcing function is not stationary but moves with a velocity V 0. The effect of the forcing function velocity V 0 upon the free vibrational wave?number characteristics of a membrane and a plate is analyzed. The Mach numberM is defined to be the ratio of the velocity V 0 to the wave speed of the bending waves. For the membrane the effect of the Mach number is to increase the wave number (shorter wavelength) ahead of the forcing function and to decrease the wave number (longer wavelength) behind it. At supersonic speeds no disturbances travel ahead of the forcing function and both wave numbers lead to trailing waves. These results are equivalent to the classical Doppler?shifted results. The results of the plate are more complex. The right and left traveling waves retain their basic properties with the magnitude of the wave number changing monotomically as a function of the Mach numberM. The near?field decaying disturbances also retain their basic properties but immediately obtain components that induce the decaying disturbances to become left traveling waves with decaying components. At Mach numbers greater than 2 these disturbances become pure waves trailing without any decaying factor. The importance of each of these components as a function of the Mach number is discussed.

Mauro Pierucci

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The Response of the Thermosphere and Ionosphere to Magnetospheric Forcing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...velocities and rapid plasma convection forced...dependent on the plasma convection patterns...causes high-density plasma plumes in the winter...terms of the neutral thermal and compositional...effects will be in non-sunlit regions...well. Simulating atmospheric density and compositional...

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Effects of vortical and entropic forcing on detonation dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of vortical and entropic forcing on detonation dynamics L. Massa, M. Chauhan, and F.K. Lu 1 Introduction Experiments [3] have shown that detonations in non-ideal conditions, i.e., subject to strong combustion. The present research examines the interaction of detonation with turbulence with emphasis

Texas at Arlington, University of

431

Bacteria Total Maximum Daily Load Task Force Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research and Development Needs 51 References 64 Appendix 1: Bacteria TMDL Task Force Members and Expert Advisors 71 Appendix 2: Models Used in Bacteria Projects 73 as Described in EPA Publications... Appendix 3: EPA Bacteria TMDL Guidelines 78 Appendix 4: State Approaches to Bacteria TMDL 88 Development Appendix 5: Comments from Expert Advisory Group 100 1 Executive Summary In September 2006, the Texas...

Jones, C. Allan; Wagner, Kevin; Di Giovanni, George; Hauck, Larry; Mott, Joanna; Rifai, Hanadi; Srinivasan, Raghavan; Ward, George; Wythe, Kathy

432

Carbon nanotubes adhesion and nanomechanical behavior from peeling force spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon nanotubes adhesion and nanomechanical behavior from peeling force spectroscopy Julien December 17, 2010 Abstract Applications based on Single Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWNT) are good example such as adhesion energy per unit length, curvature and bending rigidity of the nanotube. A complete picture

Boyer, Edmond

433

Report of the Task Force on University Libraries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Libraries: The Need for Reform ............... 3 II. Core Recommendations of the Task Force'S LIBRARIES: THE NEED FOR REFORM Just as its largest building, Widener Library, stands at the center was not to wring resources out of the libraries, but rather to recommend reforms that would allow the libraries

Paulsson, Johan

434

Multi-dimensional Longwave Forcing of Boundary Layer Cloud Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The importance of multi-dimensional (MD) longwave radiative effects on cloud dynamics is evaluated in a large eddy simulation (LES) framework employing multi-dimensional radiative transfer (Spherical Harmonics Discrete Ordinate Method SHDOM). Simulations are performed for a case of unbroken, marine boundary layer stratocumulus and a broken field of trade cumulus. Snapshot calculations of MD and IPA (independent pixel approximation 1D) radiative transfer applied to LES cloud fields show that the total radiative forcing changes only slightly, although the MD effects significantly modify the spatial structure of the radiative forcing. Simulations of each cloud type employing MD and IPA radiative transfer, however, differ little. For the solid cloud case, relative to using IPA, the MD simulation exhibits a slight reduction in entrainment rate and boundary layer TKE relative to the IPA simulation. This reduction is consistent with both the slight decrease in net radiative forcing and a negative correlation between local vertical velocity and radiative forcing, which implies a damping of boundary layer eddies. Snapshot calculations of the broken cloud case suggest a slight increase in radiative cooling, though few systematic differences are noted in the interactive simulations. We attribute this result to the fact that radiative cooling is a relatively minor contribution to the total energetics. For the cloud systems in this study, the use of IPA longwave radiative transfer is sufficiently accurate to capture the dynamical behavior of BL clouds. Further investigations are required in order to generalize this conclusion for other cloud types and longer time integrations. 1

Mechem, David B.; Kogan, Y. L.; Ovtchinnikov, Mikhail; Davis, Anthony B; Evans, K. F.; Ellingson, Robert G.

2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

435

Memorandum, Protective Force Law Enforcement Authority- May 1, 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Investigation allegations that contractor procetive force personnel at a DOE site exceeded their legistative ,regulatory, and policy-based authority by providing on-duty, armed off-site assistance to local law enforcement authorites during other than recapture/recovery operations, and by accessing the local law enforcement database for background checks during the course of on-site administrative traffic stops.

436

Quantized friction force: Lindbladian model satisfying Ehrenfest theorems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a quantum counterpart of classical friction, a dissipative force acting against the direction of motion with the magnitude proportional to particle's velocity. In particular, a Lindblad master equation is derived satisfying the appropriate dynamical relations for observables (i.e., the Ehrenfest theorems). These findings significantly advance a long search for a universal valid Lindbladian model of quantum friction.

Denys I. Bondar; Renan Cabrera; Andre Campos; Herschel A. Rabitz

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

437

Renormalized Energy and Forces on Dislocations Paolo Cermelli Giovanni Leoni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the problem. The energy content of a set of dislocations is fully characterized by the regular partRenormalized Energy and Forces on Dislocations Paolo Cermelli Giovanni Leoni January 10, 2005 characterize elastic equilibrium as the limit of the minimizers of a family of energy functionals, obtained

438

Furlough or Reduction in Force in the Senior Executive Service  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish requirements and assign responsibilities for furlough and reduction in force (RIF) of the Senior Executive Service (SES) in the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). Cancels O DOE 3350.1 Chg 1 and DOE 3351.2 Chg 1.

2003-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Combined single-molecule force and fluorescence measurements for biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minireview Combined single-molecule force and fluorescence measurements for biology Mark I Wallace, some of which allow cellular processes to be examined at the level of a single molecule. In particular of resolv- ing single molecules in aqueous solution at room tempera- ture [1-7]. Now that the field is over

Wallace, Mark

440

Guide for Establishment of a Contingency Protective Force  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide was developed to provide assistance in ensuring continued safe and secure operation of DOE sites and facilities, protection of Departmental employees, and the public in the event of emergency situations involving the establishment and deployment of a contingency protective force and the conduct of sustained operations. Canceled by DOE N 251.80.

2003-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Russian (C. I. S. ) strategic nuclear forces, end of 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Russian (C.I.S.) strategic nuclear forces are approximately the same size as a year ago. The SS-25 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is the only weapon system in production; it continues to be fielded. There are still approximately 3,100 warheads deployed in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus.

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Improvement of cutting forces modeling based on oriented cutting tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and fatigue or corrosion resistance, the cutting forces values should be known as precisely as possible of the elementary edge in the reference plane rP . However, when turning in the tool nose or with round inserts. For this study, a new elementary cutting operation, called "oriented cutting", has been tested

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

443

US nuclear forces and Japanese/Western pacific security  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role that U.S. nuclear weapons historically played in maintaining the security of U.S. interests and allies in East Asia and the Pacific is examined because nuclear weapons were important but in a different context than Europe. Domestic difficulties finally compelled the former USSR to abandon its long-standing confrontational policy toward the United States, specifically, and the West, generally, thereby redirecting Russian foreign policy to one that is more conciliatory and cooperative than the policies of past years. This historic change, which has emerged in degrees over the last four to five years, has had multifaceted effects on international politics - the conclusion in December 1987 of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty; the fall of the Communist regimes in Eastern Europe and the unification of Germany; the signing of the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty in November 1990, which aims at stabilizing the conventional force balance in Europe; an unprecedented degree of American-Soviet cooperation within the framework of the United Nations during the Middle East crisis brought about by Iraq`s invasion of Kuwait; and the signing of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) in July 1991, the framework of which has largely been negotiated on American terms. In Northeast Asia and the Western Pacific, the composition and deployment posture of former Soviet forces have not undergone so remarkable a change and, therefore, the percevied threat is not declining dramatically. 17 refs.

Ogawa, Shinichi [National Institute for Defense Studies, Tokyo (Japan)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

444

Lithium Lorentz Force Accelerator Thruster (LiLFA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lithium Lorentz Force Accelerator Thruster (LiLFA) Adam Coulon Princeton University Electric originally came from the MAI (Moscow Aviation Institute) Russia · Many Princeton graduate students have #12;LiLFA Thruster · Lithium vapor ionizes in the electric field · A current evolves in the plasma

Petta, Jason

445

FAST FORCE ALGORITHMS AND SOLAR SYSTEM INTEGRATIONS Paul Wiegert,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FAST FORCE ALGORITHMS AND SOLAR SYSTEM INTEGRATIONS Paul Wiegert,1 Douglas McNeil, and Martin Duncan Department of Physics, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada and Hal Levison Department theoretical solar system research over the past decade. As implemented, they involve the direct computation

Wiegert, Paul

446

CORONAL MASS EJECTION MASS, ENERGY, AND FORCE ESTIMATES USING STEREO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding coronal mass ejection (CME) energetics and dynamics has been a long-standing problem, and although previous observational estimates have been made, such studies have been hindered by large uncertainties in CME mass. Here, the two vantage points of the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) COR1 and COR2 coronagraphs were used to accurately estimate the mass of the 2008 December 12 CME. Acceleration estimates derived from the position of the CME front in three dimensions were combined with the mass estimates to calculate the magnitude of the kinetic energy and driving force at different stages of the CME evolution. The CME asymptotically approaches a mass of 3.4 {+-} 1.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} g beyond {approx}10 R{sub Sun }. The kinetic energy shows an initial rise toward 6.3 {+-} 3.7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 29} erg at {approx}3 R{sub Sun }, beyond which it rises steadily to 4.2 {+-} 2.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 30} erg at {approx}18 R{sub Sun }. The dynamics are described by an early phase of strong acceleration, dominated by a force of peak magnitude of 3.4 {+-} 2.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} N at {approx}3 R{sub Sun }, after which a force of 3.8 {+-} 5.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13} N takes effect between {approx}7 and 18 R{sub Sun }. These results are consistent with magnetic (Lorentz) forces acting at heliocentric distances of {approx}<7 R{sub Sun }, while solar wind drag forces dominate at larger distances ({approx}>7 R{sub Sun }).

Carley, Eoin P.; Gallagher, Peter T. [Astrophysics Research Group, School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); McAteer, R. T. James [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001 (United States)

2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

447

Indirect radiative forcing by ion-mediated nucleation of aerosol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A clear understanding of particle formation mechanisms is critical for assessing aerosol indirect radiative forcing and associated climate feedback processes. Recent studies reveal the importance of ion-mediated nucleation (IMN) in generating new particles and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) in the atmosphere. Here we implement for the first time a physically based treatment of IMN into the Community Atmosphere Model version 5. Our simulations show that, compared to globally averaged results based on binary homogeneous nucleation (BHN), the presence of ionization (i.e., IMN) halves H2SO4 column burden, but increases the column integrated nucleation rate by around one order of magnitude, total particle number burden by a factor of ~ 3, CCN burden by ~ 10% (at 0.2% supersaturation) to 65% (at 1.0% supersaturation), and cloud droplet number burden by ~ 18%. Compared to BHN, IMN increases cloud liquid water path by 7.5%, decreases precipitation by 1.1%, and increases total cloud cover by 1.9%. This leads to an increase of total shortwave cloud radiative forcing by 3.67 W/m2 (more negative) and longwave cloud forcing by 1.78 W/m2 (more positive), resulting in a -1.9 W/m2 net change in cloud radiative forcing associated with IMN. The significant impacts of ionization on global aerosol formation, CCN abundance, and cloud radiative forcing may provide an important physical mechanism linking the global energy balance to various processes affecting atmospheric ionization, which should be properly represented in climate models.

Yu, Fangqun; Luo, Gan; Liu, Xiaohong; Easter, Richard C.; Ma, Xiaoyan; Ghan, Steven J.

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

448

Force Control and Nonlinear Master-Slave Force Profile to Manage an Admittance Type Multi-Fingered Haptic User Interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural movements and force feedback are important elements in using teleoperated equipment if complex and speedy manipulation tasks are to be accomplished in remote and/or hazardous environments, such as hot cells, glove boxes, decommissioning, explosives disarmament, and space to name a few. In order to achieve this end the research presented in this paper has developed an admittance type exoskeleton like multi-fingered haptic hand user interface that secures the users palm and provides 3-dimensional force feedback to the users fingertips. Atypical to conventional haptic hand user interfaces that limit themselves to integrating the human hands characteristics just into the systems mechanical design this system also perpetuates that inspiration into the designed user interfaces controller. This is achieved by manifesting the property differences of manipulation and grasping activities as they pertain to the human hand into a nonlinear master-slave force relationship. The results presented in this paper show that the admittance-type system has sufficient bandwidth that it appears nearly transparent to the user when the user is in free motion and when the system is subjected to a manipulation task, increased performance is achieved using the nonlinear force relationship compared to the traditional linear scaling techniques implemented in the vast majority of systems.

Anthony L. Crawford

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Gaussian Process Regression for Vessel Performance Monitoring Benjamin Pjedsted Pedersen, FORCE Technology, Copenhagen/Denmark, bpp@force.dk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of fouling has been evaluated by comparing e.g. the actual fuel consumption with a theoretical estimate basedGaussian Process Regression for Vessel Performance Monitoring Benjamin Pjedsted Pedersen, FORCE of the energy consumption on a ship. Using different data sets, from five sister container ships, the method

450

Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) examined the short-lived drivers of climate change in current climate models. Here we evaluate the 10 ACCMIP models that included aerosols, 8 of which also participated in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5). The models reproduce present-day total aerosol optical depth (AOD) relatively well, though many are biased low. Contributions from individual aerosol components are quite different, however, and most models underestimate east Asian AOD. The models capture most 1980-2000 AOD trends well, but underpredict increases over the Yellow/Eastern Sea. They strongly underestimate absorbing AOD in many regions. We examine both the direct radiative forcing (RF) and the forcing including rapid adjustments (effective radiative forcing; ERF, including direct and indirect effects). The models all-sky 1850 to 2000 global mean annual average total aerosol RF is (mean; range) ?0.26Wm?2; ?0.06 to ?0.49Wm?2. Screening based on model skill in capturing observed AOD yields a best estimate of ?0.42Wm?2; ?0.33 to ?0.50Wm?2, including adjustment for missing aerosol components in some models. Many ACCMIP and CMIP5 models appear to produce substantially smaller aerosol RF than this best estimate. Climate feedbacks contribute substantially (35 to ?58 %) to modeled historical aerosol RF. The 1850 to 2000 aerosol ERF is ?1.17Wm?2; ?0.71 to ?1.44Wm?2. Thus adjustments, including clouds, typically cause greater forcing than direct RF. Despite this, the multi-model spread relative to the mean is typically the same for ERF as it is for RF, or even smaller, over areas with substantial forcing. The largest 1850 to 2000 negative aerosol RF and ERF values are over and near Europe, south and east Asia and North America. ERF, however, is positive over the Sahara, the Karakoram, high Southern latitudes and especially the Arctic. Global aerosol RF peaks in most models around 1980, declining thereafter with only weak sensitivity to the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP). One model, however, projects approximately stable RF levels, while two show increasingly negative RF due to nitrate (not included in most models). Aerosol ERF, in contrast, becomes more negative during 1980 to 2000. During this period, increased Asian emissions appear to have a larger impact on aerosol ERF than European and North American decreases due to their being upwind of the large, relatively pristine Pacific Ocean. There is no clear relationship between historical aerosol ERF and climate sensitivity in the CMIP5 subset of ACCMIP models. In the ACCMIP/CMIP5 models, historical aerosol ERF of about ?0.8 to ?1.5Wm?2 is most consistent with observed historical warming. Aerosol ERF masks a large portion of greenhouse forcing during the late 20th and early 21st century at the global scale. Regionally, aerosol ERF is so large that net forcing is negative over most industrialized and biomass burning regions through 1980, but remains strongly negative only over east and southeast Asia by 2000. Net forcing is strongly positive by 1980 over most deserts, the Arctic, Australia, and most tropical oceans. Both the magnitude of and area covered by positive forcing expand steadily thereafter.

Shindell, Drew; Lamarque, J.-F.; Schulz, M.; Flanner, M. G.; Jiao, C.; Chin, Mian; Young, P. J.; Lee, Y. H.; Rotstayn, Leon; Mahowald, N. M.; Milly, G.; Faluvegi, G.; Balkanski, Y.; Collins, W. J.; Conley, Andrew; Dalsoren, S.; Easter, Richard C.; Ghan, Steven J.; Horowitz, L.; Liu, Xiaohong; Myhre, G.; Nagashima, T.; Naik, Vaishali; Rumbold, S.; Skeie, R. B.; Sudo, K.; Szopa, S.; Takemura, T.; Voulgarakis, A.; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Lo, Fiona

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A FORCE-REFLECTING TELEOPERATION SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For certain applications, such as space servicing, undersea operations, and hazardous material handling tasks in nuclear reactors, the environments can be uncertain, complex, and hazardous. Lives may be in danger if humans were to work under these conditions. As a result, a man-machine system--a teleoperator system--has been developed to work in these types of environments. In a typical teleoperator system, the actual system operates at a remote site; the operator located away from this system usually receives visual information from a video image and/or graphical animation on the computer screen. Additional feedback, such as aural and force information, can significantly enhance performance of the system. Force reflection is a type of feedback in which forces experienced by the remote manipulator are fed back to the manual controller. Various control methods have been proposed for implementation on a teleoperator system. In order to examine different control schemes, a one Degree-Of-Freedom (DOF) Force-Reflecting Manual Controller (FRMC) is constructed and integrated into a PC. The system parameters are identified and constructed as a mathematical model. The Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) and fuzzy logic controllers are developed and tested experimentally. Numerical simulation results obtained from the mathematical model are compared with those of experimental data for both types of controllers. In addition, the concept of a telesensation system is introduced. A telesensation system is an advanced teleoperator system that attempts to provide the operator with sensory feedback. In this context, a telesensation system integrates the use of a Virtual Reality (VR) unit, FRMC, and Graphical User Interface (GUI). The VR unit is used to provide the operator with a 3-D visual effect. Various commercial VR units are reviewed and features compared for use in a telesensation system. As for the FRMC, the conceptual design of a 3-DOF FRMC is developed in an effort to make the system portable, compact, and lightweight. A variety of design alternatives are presented and evaluated. Finally, a GUI software package is developed to interface with several teleoperation unit components. These components include an industrial robot, electric motor, encoder, force/torque sensor, and CCD camera. The software includes features such as position scaling, force scaling, and rereferencing and is intended to provide a sound basis for the development of a multi-DOF FRMC system in the future.

M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Air Force Academy, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Force Academy, Colorado: Energy Resources Force Academy, Colorado: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.990448°, -104.860139° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.990448,"lon":-104.860139,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

453

Single Column Model Simulations of Cloud Sensitivity to Forcing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Single-Column Model Simulations Single-Column Model Simulations of Cloud Sensitivity to Forcing A. D. Del Genio National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York A. B. Wolf National Aeronautics and Space Administration SGT, Inc., Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York Introduction The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program single-column modeling (SCM) framework has to date used several fairly brief intensive observing periods (IOPs) to evaluate the performance of climate model parameterizations. With only a few weather events in each IOP, it is difficult to separate errors associated with the instantaneous dynamical forcing from errors in parameterization. It is also impossible to determine whether model errors are systematic and climatically significant. This

454

Direct Aerosol Forcing in the Infrared at the SGP Site?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Direct Aerosol Forcing in the Infrared at the SGP Site? Direct Aerosol Forcing in the Infrared at the SGP Site? D. D. Turner and C. N. Long Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction Low level haze is often observed during the night and early morning hours in many locations. This haze is typically formed during quiescent conditions by radiative cooling of the surface, which lowers the ambient temperature and consequently increases the near-surface relative humidity (RH). Many aerosols start to deliquesce around 75% relative humidity (RH) (depending on their chemical composition), and thus if the near surface RH increases above this level, haze will form. The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's ultimate goal, stated simply, is to improve the treatment of radiative transfer in global climate models. Global climate models typically do not

455

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Cloud Radiative Forcing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cloud Radiative Forcing at the ARM Climate Research Facility: Part 2. The Cloud Radiative Forcing at the ARM Climate Research Facility: Part 2. The Vertical Redistribution of Radiant Energy by Clouds. Mace, Gerald University of Utah Benson, Sally University of Utah Kato, Seiji Hampton University/NASA Langley Research Center Documentation with data of the effects of clouds on the radiant energy balance of the surface and atmosphere represent a critical shortcoming in the set of observations that are needed to ascertain the validity of model simulations of the earth's climate. While clouds are known to cool the climate system from TOA radiation budget studies, the redistribution of energy between the surface and atmosphere and within the atmosphere by clouds has not been examined in detail. Using data collected at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP)

456

Do Diurnal Aerosol Changes Affect Daily Average Radiative Forcing?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strong diurnal variability of aerosol has been observed frequently for many urban/industrial regions. How this variability may alter the direct aerosol radiative forcing (DARF), however, is largely unknown. To quantify changes in the time-averaged DARF, we perform an assessment of 29 days of high temporal resolution ground-based data collected during the Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP) on Cape Cod, which is downwind of metropolitan areas. We demonstrate that strong diurnal changes of aerosol loading (about 20% on average) have a negligible impact on the 24-h average DARF, when daily averaged optical properties are used to find this quantity. However, when there is a sparse temporal sampling of aerosol properties, which may preclude the calculation of daily averaged optical properties, large errors (up to 100%) in the computed DARF may occur. We describe a simple way of reducing these errors, which suggests the minimal temporal sampling needed to accurately find the forcing.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Barnard, James C.; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Berg, Larry K.; Michalsky, Joseph J.; Lantz, K.; Hodges, G. B.

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

457

?6 and ?8 infrared bands and force field of disilane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The infrared absorption spectrum of the ?6 and ?8 bands of disilane (Si2H6) was recorded at medium resolution (0.1-0.05 cm?1). A rotation analysis of the P(J) and R(J) structure of ?6 was carried out, yielding the band origin and information on the B constant of the ground and v6 = 1 states of the molecule, and on the DJ centrifugal distortion constant. About 400 transitions of the ?8 band were assigned and analysed, giving information on the band origin and the rotational constants of the v8 = 1 state. Using the new and previous information on the vibrational spectrum of Si2H6 and Si2D6, a force constant refinement was performed. Several force field models were tried and a discussion of the results is presented.

Aida Ben Altabef; Rafael Escribano

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Casimir-Lifshitz force out of thermal equilibrium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the Casimir-Lifshitz interaction out of thermal equilibrium, when the interacting objects are at different temperatures. The analysis is focused on the surface-surface, surface-rarefied body, and surface-atom configurations. A systematic investigation of the contributions to the force coming from the propagating and evanescent components of the electromagnetic radiation is performed. The large distance behaviors of such interactions is discussed, and both analytical and numerical results are compared with the equilibrium ones. A detailed analysis of the crossing between the surface-surface and the surface-rarefied body, and finally the surface-atom force is shown, and a complete derivation and discussion of the recently predicted nonadditivity effects and asymptotic behaviors is presented.

Antezza, Mauro; Stringari, Sandro [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Trento and CNR-INFM R and D Center on Bose-Einstein Condensation, Via Sommarive 14, I-38050 Povo, Trento (Italy); Pitaevskii, Lev P. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Trento and CNR-INFM R and D Center on Bose-Einstein Condensation, Via Sommarive 14, I-38050 Povo, Trento (Italy)]|[Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems, ul. Kosygina 2, 119334 Moscow (Russian Federation); Svetovoy, Vitaly B. [MESA Research Institute, University of Twente, PO 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

Mitigated-force carriage for high magnetic field environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A carriage for high magnetic field environments includes a first work-piece holding means for holding a first work-piece, the first work-piece holding means being disposed in an operable relationship with a work-piece processing magnet having a magnetic field strength of at least 1 Tesla. The first work-piece holding means is further disposed in operable connection with a second work-piece holding means for holding a second work-piece so that, as the first work-piece is inserted into the magnetic field, the second work-piece is simultaneously withdrawn from the magnetic field, so that an attractive magnetic force imparted on the first work-piece offsets a resistive magnetic force imparted on the second work-piece.

Ludtka, Gerard M; Ludtka, Gail M; Wilgen, John B; Murphy, Bart L

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

460

Spin-Flavor van der Waals Forces and NN interaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major goal in Nuclear Physics is the derivation of the Nucleon-Nucleon (NN) interaction from Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In QCD the fundamental degrees of freedom are colored quarks and gluons which are confined to form colorless strongly interacting hadrons. Because of this the resulting nuclear forces at sufficiently large distances correspond to spin-flavor excitations, very much like the dipole excitations generating the van der Waals (vdW) forces acting between atoms. We study the Nucleon-Nucleon interaction in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation at second order in perturbation theory including the Delta resonance as an intermediate state. The potential resembles strongly chiral potentials computed either via soliton models or chiral perturbation theory and has a van der Waals like singularity at short distances which is handled by means of renormalization techniques. Results for the deuteron are discussed.

Alvaro Calle Cordon, Enrique Ruiz Arriola

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Mirror force induced wave dispersion in Alfvn waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent hybrid MHD-kinetic electron simulations of global scale standing shear Alfvn waves along the Earth's closed dipolar magnetic field lines show that the upward parallel current region within these waves saturates and broadens perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field and that this broadening increases with the electron temperature. Using resistive MHD simulations, with a parallel Ohm's law derived from the linear Knight relation (which expresses the current-voltage relationship along an auroral field line), we explore the nature of this broadening in the context of the increased perpendicular Poynting flux resulting from the increased parallel electric field associated with mirror force effects. This increased Poynting flux facilitates wave energy dispersion across field lines which in-turn allows for electron acceleration to carry the field aligned current on adjacent field lines. This mirror force driven dispersion can dominate over that associated with electron inertial effects for global scale waves.

Damiano, P. A.; Johnson, J. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Force control system design for aerodynamic load simulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dynamic load simulator which can reproduce on-ground the aerodynamic hinge moment of control surface is an essential rig for the performance and stability test of an aircraft actuation system. The hinge moment varies widely over the flight envelope depending on the specific flight condition and maneuvering status. To replicate the wide spectrum of this hinge moment variation within some accuracy bounds, a force controller is designed based on the quantitative feedback theory (QFT). A dynamic model of load actuation system is derived, and verified through the experiment. The efficacy of QFT force controller is verified by a numerical simulation, in which combined aircraft dynamics, flight control law and hydraulic actuation system dynamics of aircraft control surface are considered.

Yoonsu Nam; Sung Kyung Hong

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Processing of YBCO superconductors for improved levitation force  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One objective of the ANL superconductor program is to develop improved processing methods for production of YBCO superconductors with higher levitation forces suitable for low-friction, superconductor/permanent-magnet bearings and flywheel-energy-storage applications. From the standpoint of these applications, melt-processed bulk YBCO superconductors are of considerable interest. Levitation force and flux-pinning properties depend on microstructural features of the superconductors. We have added several chemical species to YBCO to alter the microstructure and have used a seeding technique to induce crystallization during melt processing. In this paper, we discuss the effects of various process parameters, additives, and a seeding technique on the properties of melt-processed bulk YBCO samples and compare the results with solid-state-sintered superconductors.

Balachandran, U.; Zhong, W.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

A computational study of shoulder muscle forces during pushing tasks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous research into the biomechanics of pushing tasks focused on shoulder moment to measure operator shoulder stress, without employing a biomechanical model of the shoulder complex. The goal of this research was to explore the process of developing analysis and design tools that input easily measured parameters to quantify the stress of pushing tasks, suggest maximum acceptable loads for pushing tasks and suggest optimal handle heights and pushing styles. Shoulder loading analysis modules were used to produce a look-up table which allows ergonomists to estimate the percentage of maximum muscle force generated by the subscapularis muscle, which is considered to be a marker variable for increased risk of subacromial impingement syndrome. Two methods were developed to determine maximum acceptable pushing forces: a look-up table and an empirically derived equation. The second design tool was replaced by a design recommendation: push with a cart handle near waist height with arms extended.

Travis Steele; Andrew Merryweather; Clark R. Dickerson; Donald Bloswick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Acquisition and retention performance of a rapid force production task  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was designed to investigate (a) concurrent feedback and (b) terminal feedback under acquisition and retention conditions. It was the purpose of Experiment 2 to investigate the influences of (a) blocked presentation of practice trials and (b) random practice... performed five blocks. Subjects from both contexts were divided into concurrent, terminal, or no augmented feedback contexts. In Exper1ment 2, the subjects (N = 64) and the procedures were the same, except subjects were to learn 5 cr1terion forces (75...

Indermill, Catherine

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

466

Final Report of the Simulation Optimization Task Force  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of the ATLAS Simulation Optimization Task Force, establishedin June of 2007. This note justifies the selected Geant4 version, physics list, and range cuts to be used by the default ATLAS simulation for initial data taking and beyond. The current status of several projects, including detector description, simulation validation, studies of additional Geant4 parameters, and cavern background, are reported.

ATLAS Collaboration; Rimoldi, A.; Carli, T.; Dell'Acqua, A.; Froidevaux, D.; Gianotti, F.; Guyot, C.; Hinchliffe, I.; Jakobs, K.; Marshall, Z.; Nisati, A.; Quarrie, D.; Unal, G.; Young, C.

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Geothermal-resource verification for Air Force bases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the various types of geothermal energy reviews some legal uncertainties of the resource and then describes a methodology to evaluate geothermal resources for applications to US Air Force bases. Estimates suggest that exploration costs will be $50,000 to $300,000, which, if favorable, would lead to drilling a $500,000 exploration well. Successful identification and development of a geothermal resource could provide all base, fixed system needs with an inexpensive, renewable energy source.

Grant, P.R. Jr.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Force-Free Magnetic Relaxation in Driven Plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Taylor relaxation in a driven plasma with normal magnetic field intercepting the boundary is described by the Jensen-Chu theory, which predicts infinite energy and helicity barriers that constrain the accessible relaxed states to system scale. For a partially relaxed force-free (j=kB) plasma where k is a field line constant, nonlinearity regularizes the Jensen-Chu singularities and new branches of relaxed state become accessible, such as the flipped spheromak and other high k states.

X. Z. Tang and A. H. Boozer

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

469

Hamilton Operators, Discrete Symmetries, Brute Force and SymbolicC++  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To find the discrete symmetries of a Hamilton operator $\\hat H$ is of central importance in quantum theory. Here we describe and implement a brute force method to determine the discrete symmetries given by permutation matrices for Hamilton operators acting in a finite-dimensional Hilbert space. Spin and Fermi systems are considered as examples. A computer algebra implementation in SymbolicC++ is provided.

Willi-Hans Steeb; Yorick Hardy

2012-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

470

Connecting local active forces to macroscopic stress in elastic media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In contrast with ordinary materials, living matter drives its own motion by generating active, out-of-equilibrium internal stresses. These stresses typically originate from localized active elements embedded in an elastic medium, such as molecular motors inside the cell or contractile cells in a tissue. While many large-scale phenomenological theories of such active media have been developed, a systematic understanding of the emergence of stress from the local force-generating elements is lacking. In this paper, we present a rigorous theoretical framework to study this relationship. We show that the medium's macroscopic active stress tensor is equal to the active elements' force dipole tensor per unit volume in both continuum and discrete linear homogeneous media of arbitrary geometries. This relationship is conserved on average in the presence of disorder, but can be violated in nonlinear elastic media. Such effects can lead to either a reinforcement or an attenuation of the active stresses, giving us a glimpse of the ways in which nature might harness microscopic forces to create active materials.

Pierre Ronceray; Martin Lenz

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

Electromotive Force in the Blandford-Znajek Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the mechanisms widely considered for driving relativistic jets in active galactic nuclei, galactic microquasars, and gamma-ray bursts is the electromagnetic extraction of the rotational energy of a central black hole, i.e., the Blandford-Znajek process, although the origin of the electromotive force in this process is still under debate. We study this process as the steady unipolar induction in the Kerr black hole magnetosphere filled with a collisionless plasma screening the electric field (the D field) along the magnetic field (the B field), i.e., D dot B = 0. We extend the formulations and arguments made by Komissarov, and generally show that the origin of the electromotive force is ascribed to the ergosphere. It is explicitly shown that open magnetic field lines penetrating the ergosphere have a region where the D field is stronger than the B field in the ergosphere, and it keeps driving the poloidal currents and generating the electromotive force and the outward Poynting flux. The range of the possible value of the so-called angular velocity of the magnetic field line Omega_F is deduced for the field lines threading the equatorial plane in the ergosphere. We briefly discuss the relation between our conclusion and the ideal magnetohydrodynamic condition.

Kenji Toma; Fumio Takahara

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

472

Waste management issues at US Air Force bases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Air Force installations are industrial bases for projecting men and machinery around the globe. Supporting this mission typically requires large quantities of stockpiled potentially hazardous materials. Over the past several decades, spills, poor accounting, mis-handling, and lack of understanding have led to discharges of hazardous substances into the environment. The Installation Restoration Program (IRP) is a Department of Defense directed program aimed at remediating discharges of hazardous substances, POL (petroleum, oil, and lubricants), and solid waste disposal at defense installations. The IRP is broader in scope than even the US EPA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), and requires the Air Force managers to integrate their programs with a broad range of regulations (See Table 1 below). Managing the wastes generated by the remediation program is one of the unexpected problems the Air Force has faced in their remediation efforts. The traditional approach to remediating sites in the US has been to remove the material and place it in a secure landfill, or in the case of groundwater, to pump and treat the effluent. These technologies have proven to be very expensive and don`t really fix the problem. The waste is just moved from one place to another. Moreover, these policies ignore a fundamental technology available to today`s environmental managers: waste minimization.

Doesburg, J.M.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Waste management issues at US Air Force bases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Air Force installations are industrial bases for projecting men and machinery around the globe. Supporting this mission typically requires large quantities of stockpiled potentially hazardous materials. Over the past several decades, spills, poor accounting, mis-handling, and lack of understanding have led to discharges of hazardous substances into the environment. The Installation Restoration Program (IRP) is a Department of Defense directed program aimed at remediating discharges of hazardous substances, POL (petroleum, oil, and lubricants), and solid waste disposal at defense installations. The IRP is broader in scope than even the US EPA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), and requires the Air Force managers to integrate their programs with a broad range of regulations (See Table 1 below). Managing the wastes generated by the remediation program is one of the unexpected problems the Air Force has faced in their remediation efforts. The traditional approach to remediating sites in the US has been to remove the material and place it in a secure landfill, or in the case of groundwater, to pump and treat the effluent. These technologies have proven to be very expensive and don't really fix the problem. The waste is just moved from one place to another. Moreover, these policies ignore a fundamental technology available to today's environmental managers: waste minimization.

Doesburg, J.M.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Interpretation of frequency modulation atomic force microscopy in terms of fractional calculus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is widely recognized that small amplitude frequency modulation atomic force microscopy probes the derivative of the interaction force between tip and sample. For large amplitudes, however, such a physical connection is currently lacking, although it has been observed that the frequency shift presents a quantity intermediate to the interaction force and energy for certain force laws. Here we prove that these observations are a universal property of large amplitude frequency modulation atomic force microscopy, by establishing that the frequency shift is proportional to the half-fractional integral of the force, regardless of the force law. This finding indicates that frequency modulation atomic force microscopy can be interpreted as a fractional differential operator, where the order of the derivative?integral is dictated by the oscillation amplitude. We also establish that the measured frequency shift varies systematically from a probe of the force gradient for small oscillation amplitudes, through to the measurement of a quantity intermediate to the force and energy (the half-fractional integral of the force) for large oscillation amplitudes. This has significant implications to measurement sensitivity, since integrating the force will smooth its behavior, while differentiating it will enhance variations. This highlights the importance in choice of oscillation amplitude when wishing to optimize the sensitivity of force spectroscopy measurements to short-range interactions and consequently imaging with the highest possible resolution.

John E. Sader and Suzanne P. Jarvis

2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

475

E-Print Network 3.0 - afrri armed forces Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Forces Radiobiology Research Institute. 5 Soldatova, L.N., et al., An ontology for a robot... .1N of gripping force. The capillary gripper (Figure 5a) use a DC motor (Maxon,...

476

The injection of zonal momentum by buoyancy forcing in a Southern Ocean model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An overturning circulation, driven by prescribed buoyancy forcing, is used to set a zonal volume transport in a reentrant channel ocean model with three isopycnal layers. The channel is designed to represent the Southern Ocean such that the forced ...

Emma Howard; Andrew McC. Hogg; Stephanie Waterman; David P. Marshall

477

Solar Community Comes Out in Full Force for SunShot Grand Challenge...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Solar Community Comes Out in Full Force for SunShot Grand Challenge Summit Solar Community Comes Out in Full Force for SunShot Grand Challenge Summit May 22, 2014 - 9:58am Addthis...

478

Estimation of axial compressor body forces using three-dimensional flow computations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents an examination of body force distributions in a single stage low speed compressor. The body force distributions are developed using two different computational procedures, an axisymmetric streamline ...

Reichstein, Georg A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Non-ideal evolution of non-axisymmetric, force-free magnetic fields in a magnetar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......force-free states, by analogy with spheromak relaxation experiments, starting from...force-free states, by analogy with spheromak experiments. A previous paper on relaxing...the end state achieved by relaxing spheromak magnetic fields (Taylor 1986). Note......

A. Mastrano; A. Melatos

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

480

Identification of force coefficients in flexible rotor-bearing systems - enhancements and further validations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

identification of bearing force parameters, i.e. stiffness and damping coefficients, is one of the most difficult to achieve. Field identification by imbalance response measurements is a simple and often reliable way to determine synchronous speed force...

Balantrapu, Achuta Kishore Rama Krishna

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ton force dyne" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Magnetic field generation from Alfven waves propagating along helical lines of force  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A static induced magnetization of Alfven waves (IMAW) due to the inverse Faraday effect is defined and studied. The Alfven waves are assumed to propagate along helical lines of force of a force-free ambient magnetic

B. Bera; Chandra Das; B. Chakraborty

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Singular lines of one-dimensional force-free magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The behavior of adiabatically slow deformations of the force-free field is investigated. Using the linear approximation it ... of boundary perturbations of one-dimensional force-free field there appear singular magnetic

N. A. Bobrova; S. I. Syrovatskii

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force institute Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Co-chairs Omar Benjamin, Port of Oakland Summary: health risk resulting from Port-related air pollution. As the scheduled meetings for our task force draws... of task force members...

484

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force 611th Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Co-chairs Omar Benjamin, Port of Oakland Summary: health risk resulting from Port-related air pollution. As the scheduled meetings for our task force draws... of task force members...

485

Force Tracking With Feed-Forward Motion Estimation for Beating Heart Surgery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The manipulation of fast-moving, delicate tissues in beating heart procedures presents a considerable challenge to the surgeon. A robotic force tracking system can assist the surgeon by applying precise contact forces to ...

Yuen, Shelten G.

486

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force basic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the electrical connections and the airflow of the air table). The force sensor, a thin plastic "whisker... and the table. The restoring force constant k is 6 lNmm and 11 ......

487

The Casimir force on a piston at finite temperature in Randall-Sundrum models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Casimir effect for a three-parallel-plate system at finite temperature within the frame of five-dimensional Randall-Sundrum models is studied. In the case of Randall-Sundrum model involving two branes we find that the Casimir force depends on the plates distance and temperature after one outer plate has been moved to the distant place. Further we discover that the sign of the reduced force is negative as the plate and piston locate very close, but the reduced force nature becomes repulsive when the plates distance is not very tiny and finally the repulsive force vanishes with extremely large plates separation. The thermal influence causes the repulsive Casimir force greater. Within the frame of one-brane scenario the reduced Casimir force between the piston and one plate left keeps attractive no matter how high the temperature is. It is interesting that the thermal effect leads the attractive Casimir force greater instead of changing the force nature.

Hongbo Cheng

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

488

Sticky tools: full 6DOF force-based interaction for multi-touch tables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tabletop computing techniques are using physically familiar force-based interactions to enable compelling interfaces that provide a feeling of being embodied with a virtual object. We introduce an interaction paradigm that has the benefits of force-based ...

Mark Hancock; Thomas ten Cate; Sheelagh Carpendale

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

E-Print Network 3.0 - armed forced chief Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to fight... to civilian militias and Village Defence Committees by security forces in Nepal during the time of the armed... by the UCPN (Maoist) on one hand and security forces...

490

E-Print Network 3.0 - armed forces personnel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to fight... to civilian militias and Village Defence Committees by security forces in Nepal during the time of the armed... by the UCPN (Maoist) on one hand and security forces...

491

E-Print Network 3.0 - armed forces institute Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to fight... to civilian militias and Village Defence Committees by security forces in Nepal during the time of the armed... by the UCPN (Maoist) on one hand and security forces...

492

The Sensitivity of the Hadley Circulation to Past and Future Forcings in Two Climate Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison is made of the Hadley cell response to altered external forcing and...2.... Both models have a consistent response to all forcings in the depth and meridional extent of the Hadley cell in both solsti...

Bette L. Otto-Bliesner; Amy Clement

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

New York Network Members Join Forces to Create Green Jobs | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

New York Network Members Join Forces to Create Green Jobs New York Network Members Join Forces to Create Green Jobs Photo of a group of five people standing, looking at the camera....

494

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force aircrew Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: air force aircrew Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 CAPTAIN BENJAMIN H. SMITH Captain Ben Smith is Recruiting Flight Commander for the Air Force Reserve Officer...

495

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force health Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Co-chairs Omar Benjamin, Port of Oakland Summary: health risk resulting from Port-related air pollution. As the scheduled meetings for our task force draws... of task force members...

496

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force public Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Co-chairs Omar Benjamin, Port of Oakland Summary: health risk resulting from Port-related air pollution. As the scheduled meetings for our task force draws... of task force members...

497

Homework 4 1. Parachute. There are two forces acting on a ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parachute. There are two forces acting on a parachute with a parachutist: the force of gravity and the air resistance. Suppose that the air resistance is kv2, where...

1999-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

498

Neural control of muscle force: indications from a simulation model Paola Contessa1,5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neural control of muscle force: indications from a simulation model Paola Contessa1,5 and Carlo J control of muscle force: indications from a simulation model. J Neurophysiol 109: 1548­1570, 2013. First

De Luca, Carlo J.

499

The Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB) Task Force on FracFocus...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of the composition and quantities of fracturing fluids injected into unconventional oil and gas wells. Purpose of the Task Force: The SEAB FracFocus 2.0 Task Force will...

500

Effective density dependent pairing forces in the T=1 and T=0 channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective density dependent pairing forces of zero range are adjusted on gap values in T=0,1 channels calculated with the Paris force in symmetric nuclear matter. General discussions on the pairing force are presented. In conjunction with the effective k-mass the nuclear pairing force seems to need very little renormalization in the T=1 channel. The situation in the T=0 channel is also discussed.

Garrido, E; Moya de Guerra, E; Schuck, P

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z