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Sample records for tomsk russia introduction

  1. Introduction

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Introduction After the Office of Environmental Management (EM) completes environmental cleanup at a site which continues to have a Department of Energy (DOE) mission, EM transfers...

  2. Introduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 Introduction Advances in manufacturing technologies, including modular construction, improved factory and field fabrication and other innovative construction technologies, are essential to the future of nuclear energy. They are strategically important to the economics of new nuclear power plant construction in the United States and to the competitiveness of the U.S. in the nuclear energy market. In 2012, the Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies (NEET) Program was initiated by the Department of

  3. Introduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Introduction Instrumentation and controls are used in commercial nuclear energy and fuel cycle systems to measure important system parameters, provide control input to components that maintain systems within desired and safe limits, and provide owners and operators with the needed awareness of plant conditions to plan and safely manage operational evolutions. In a sense, instrumentation and control (I&C) systems function as the nervous system of a nuclear power plant and other nuclear

  4. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technical Reference on Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials Introduction Prepared by: C. San Marchi, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore CA Editors C. San Marchi B.P. Somerday Sandia National Laboratories This report may be updated and revised periodically in response to the needs of the technical community; up-to-date versions can be requested from the editors at the address given below or downloaded at http://www.ca.sandia.gov/matlsTechRef/. The content of this report will also be

  5. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    x Introduction April 1, 2011 - March 31, 2012 Progress in research and operations at the Texas A&M Cyclotron Institute is summarized in this report for the period April, 1, 2011 through March 31, 2012. The format follows that of previous years. Sections I through IV contain reports from individual research projects. Operation and technical developments are given in Section V. Section VI lists the publications with Cyclotron Institute authors and the Appendix gives additional information

  6. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ix Introduction April 1, 2012 - March 31, 2013 Progress in research and operations at the Texas A&M Cyclotron Institute is summarized in this report for the period April, 1, 2012 through March 31, 2013. The format follows that of previous years. Sections I through III contain reports from individual research projects. Operation and technical developments are given in Section IV. Section V lists the publications with Cyclotron Institute authors and the Appendix gives additional information

  7. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    xi Introduction April 1, 2013 - March 31, 2014 Progress in research and operations at the Texas A&M Cyclotron Institute is summarized in this report for the period April, 1, 2013 through March 31, 2014. The format follows that of previous years. Sections I through III contain reports from individual research projects. Operation and technical developments are given in Section IV. Section V lists the publications with Cyclotron Institute authors and outside users and the Appendix gives

  8. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Introduction to the Open Source PV LIB for Python Photovoltaic System Modelling Package Robert W. Andrews 1 , Joshua S. Stein 2 , Clifford Hansen 2 , and Daniel Riley 2 1 Calama Consulting, Toronto, Ontario, M5T1B3, Canada 2 Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, 87185, USA Abstract-The proper modeling of Photovoltaic(PV) systems is critical for their financing, design, and operation. PV LIB provides a flexible toolbox to perform advanced data analysis and research into the performance

  9. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Public Involvement Survey - 2 2012 Hanford Public Involvement Survey - 3 Introduction The Tri-Party Agreement (TPA) agencies - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the Washington State Department of Ecology - work together on cleanup of the Hanford Site. Hanford is a 586-square-mile site in southeastern Washington created in 1943 as part of the Manhattan Proj- ect to produce plutonium for nuclear weapons. The production mission ended in the late 1980s. More

  10. Hanford/Tomsk reciprocal site visit: Plutonium agreement compliance talks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Libby, R.A.; Sorenson, R.; Six, D.; Schiegel, S.C.

    1994-11-01

    The objective of the visit to Hanford Site was to: demonstrate equipment, technology, and methods for calculating Pu production, measuring integrated reactor power, and storing and safeguarding PuO{sub 2}; demonstrate the shutdown of Hanford production reactors; and foster openness and transparency of Hanford operations. The first day`s visit was an introduction to Hanford and a review of the history of the reactors. The second day consisted of discussions on the production reactors, reprocessing operations, and PuO{sub 2} storage. The group divided on the third day to tour facilities. Group A toured the N reactor, K-West reactor, K-West Basins, B reactor, and participated in a demonstration and discussion of reactor modeling computer codes. Group B toured the Hanford Pu Storage Facility, 200-East Area, N-cell (oxide loadout station), the Automated Storage Facility, and the Nondestructive Assay Measurement System. Group discussions were held during the last day of the visit, which included scheduling of a US visit to Russia.

  11. About Effective? Height of the Aerosol Atmosphere in Visible...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Kabanov, M. V. Panchenko, Yu. A. Pkhalagov, and S. M. Sakerin Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Aerosol component of the atmosphere is one of the important...

  12. Some results of an experimental study of the atmospheric aerosol in Tomsk: A combined approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zuev, V.V.

    1996-04-01

    As widely accepted, aerosols strongly contribute to the formation of the earth`s radiation balance through the absorption and scattering of solar radiation. In addition, aerosols, being active condensation nuclei, also have a role in the cloud formation process. In this paper, results are presented of aerosol studies undertaken at the field measurement sites of the Institute of Atmospheric Optics in Tomsk and the Tomsk region.

  13. Developments in the Nuclear Safeguards and Security Engineering Degree Program at Tomsk Polytechnic University

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boiko, Vladimir I.; Demyanyuk, Dmitry G.; Silaev, Maxim E.; Duncan, Cristen L.; Heinberg, Cynthia L.; Killinger, Mark H.; Goodey, Kent O.; Butler, Gilbert W.

    2009-10-06

    Over the last six years, Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) has developed a 5 year engineering degree program in the field of Material Protection Control and Accounting (MPC&A). In 2009 the first students graduated with this new degree. There were 25 job offers from nuclear fuel cycle enterprises of Russia and Kazakhstan for 17 graduates of the program. Due to the rather wide selection of workplaces, all graduates have obtained positions at nuclear enterprises. The program was developed within the Applied Physics and Engineering Department (APED). The laboratory and methodological base has been created taking into consideration the experience of the similar program at the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI). However, the TPU program has some distinguishing features such as the inclusion of special courses pertaining to fuel enrichment and reprocessing. During the last two years, three MPC&A laboratories have been established at APED. This was made possible due to several factors such as establishment of the State innovative educational program at TPU, assistance of the U.S. Department of Energy through Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the financial support of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority and some Russian private companies. All three of the MPC&A laboratories are part of the Innovative Educational Center Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation, which deals with many topics including research activities, development of new curricula for experts training and retraining, and training of masters students. In 2008, TPU developed a relationship with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which was familiarized with APEDs current resources and activities. The IAEA has shown interest in creation of a masters degree educational program in the field of nuclear security at TPU. A future objective is to acquaint nuclear fuel cycle enterprises with new APED capabilities and involve the enterprises

  14. Why Russia is not a state

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stern, J.E.

    1993-08-16

    This article makes two principal points. First the author argues that the Russian federation has never been a state and is not sustainable as a state. Four centrifugal indicators are presented to support this claim: ethnic divisiveness; uncertainty about the legitimacy of Russia`s current borders; competing claims for legitimacy on the part of federal and regional leaders; and army units` unpredictable allegiances. Second, she argues that Soviet policies intended to facilitate central control of the periphery had the perverse effect of creating ethnic identity and demands for national autonomy where, in many cases, they did not exist prior to the Communist regime. Following the introduction, part one briefly reviews the concepts of state, nation, and nationalism and the roles they play in Russia. Criteria for state-hood are discussed. Part two lists the main ethnic groups in Russia and considers the roots of ethnic nationalism in the Russian Federation. Part three discusses confusion over the legitimacy of the physical, economic, and political boundaries of the Russian Federation. Part four discusses political disarray in the center and the regions and the lack of unity among order-enforcing entities. The Volga-Ural region -- where there is a large concentration of nuclear weapons and facilities, and which is especially volatile politically -- is discussed in somewhat more detail. Part five argues that these factors taken together call into question Russia`s identity as a state. The author concludes that Russia remains a multi-ethnic empire in which the rule of law is still not supreme.

  15. Russia`s atomic tsar: Viktor N. Mikhailov

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reams, C.A.

    1996-12-01

    Minatom (Ministry of Atomic Energy) was created to manage Russia`s nuclear weapons program in the age of disarmament. The ministry is responsible for the development, production, and maintenance of nuclear weapons, warhead dismantlement, the production of nuclear materials for weapons, the disposition of nuclear materials disassembled from warheads, the administration of Russia`s vast nuclear weapons complex, the development of policy for the future role of Russia`s nuclear complex and payment of employees entrusted with such tasks. Thus, Minatom is instrumental in the implementation of arms control, disarmament and nonproliferation agreements. The director of Minatom, Viktor N. Mikhailov, wields a great deal of power and influence over Russia`s nuclear infrastructure. He is an important player amidst efforts to reduce the threats posed by Russia`s decaying nuclear complex. There are certainly other personalities in the Russian government who influence Minatom; however, few affect the ministry as profoundly as Mikhailov. His ability to influence Russia`s nuclear complex has been clearly demonstrated by his policies in relation to the US purchase of Russian highly enriched uranium, the planned fissile material storage facility at Mayak, materials protection, control and accountability programs, and his unwavering determination to sell Iran commercial nuclear technology. Mikhailov has also been a key negotiator when dealing with the US on issues of transparency of weapons dismantlement and fissile material disposition, as well as the use of US threat reduction funds. His policies and concerns in these areas will affect the prospects for the successful negotiation and implementation of future nuclear threat reduction programs and agreements with Russia.

  16. NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear Material NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear Material Moscow, Russia The ...

  17. SLURM Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    distinct products to provide both job scheduling and resource management (TorqueMOAB). ... SLURM provides equivalent or similar functionality with TorqueMoab. A brief introduction ...

  18. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Observations of Changing the Wintertime Mid-Latitude Ozonosphere Over Tomsk in 1995-2001 V. V. Zuev, S. V. Smirnov, S. L. Bondarenko, and S. I. Dolgii Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Academy of Sciences Tomsk, Russia Introduction The role of the stratospheric ozone layer as a spectral regulator of ultraviolet (UV) radiative flux entering the troposphere and reaching the underlying surface is now well recognized. Therefore, to simulate the climate and ecological processes adequately, it

  19. Section 87

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Results of Long-Term Lidar Observation of Eruption Aerosol Formations in the Stratosphere Over Tomsk After the Mount Pinatubo Eruption V.V. Zuev, V.D. Burlakov, and A.V. El'nikov Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Tomsk, Russia Introduction The investigations of scattering and absorbing characteristics of stratospheric aerosol layer after high-power volcanic eruptions make it possible to separate out and evaluate the influence of anomalous high aerosol concentrations on the radiation transfer in

  20. An Instrumentation Complex for Atmospheric Radiation Measurements in Siberia

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Instrumentation Complex for Atmospheric Radiation Measurements in Siberia S. M. Sakerin, F. V. Dorofeev, D. M. Kabanov, V. S. Kozlov, M. V. Panchenko, Yu. A. Pkhalagov, V. V. Polkin, V. P. Shmargunov, S. A. Terpugova, S. A. Turchinovich, and V. N. Uzhegov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction The instrumentation complex is described, which has been prepared for radiative experiments in the region of Tomsk (West Siberia). The complex consists of three groups of devices to

  1. Introduction - JCAP

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hero Image ©bobpaz.com0082.JPG Research Research Introduction Thrusts Library Resources Research Introduction Why Solar Fuels? Goals & Objectives Thrusts Thrust 1 Thrust 2 Thrust 3 Thrust 4 Library Publications Research Highlights Videos Resources User Facilities Expert Team Benchmarking Database Device Simulation Tool XPS Spectral Database JCAP seeks to discover new ways to produce hydrogen and carbon-based fuels using only sunlight, water and carbon dioxide as inputs Why Solar FuELs?

  2. Russias R&D for Low Energy Buildings: Insights for Cooperation with Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaaf, Rebecca E.; Evans, Meredydd

    2010-05-01

    Russian buildings, Russian buildings sector energy consumption. Russian government has made R&D investment a priority again. The government and private sector both invest in a range of building energy technologies. In particular, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, district heating, building envelope, and lighting have active technology research projects and programs in Russia.

  3. Russia`s nuke complex: A case for downsizing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bukharin, O.

    1995-07-01

    Nuclear weapons stored in former Soviet republics, uncontrolled export of bomb-grade nuclear materials, and recruitment of ex-Soviet nuclear physicists by Third-World nations remain today`s top proliferation risks, reports Oleg Bukharin, a visiting researcher at Princeton University`s Center for Energy and Environment Studies. To address these risks, Russia {open_quotes}must shift its weapons production and development to weapons dismantlement, management of weapons materials, and maintenance of a much smaller...arsenal,{close_quotes} Bukharin writes. The goal of such conversion, he says, {open_quotes}is a nuclear complex that is environmentally safe...and compatible with nonproliferation objectives.{close_quotes} Reconfiguration of Russia`s weapons complex also must provide for redeployment of the hundreds of thousands of scientists, engineers, and technicians who have supported the federation`s nuclear weapons program, Bukharin insists. {open_quotes}A truly durable strategy to prevent the dispersion of Russian weapons expertise must [involve] these weapons experts in non-weapons research,{close_quotes} says Bukharin. Furthermore, Bukharin writes, the Russian conversion program must prevent nuclear materials from falling into the wrong hands. {open_quotes}Widespread corruption, crime, and emerging black markets increase the risk of diversion of weapons-grade uranium or plutonium,{close_quotes} he says.

  4. russia | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    russia NNSA Partnership Successfully Removes All Remaining HEU from Uzbekistan WASHINGTON, DC - Today, the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) announced the successful return of the final 5 kilograms (approximately 11 pounds) of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent fuel from the IIN-3M "Foton" research reactor in Tashkent, Uzbekistan to... US, Kazakhstan Cooperate to Eliminate Highly Enriched Uranium WASHINGTON D.C - The Department of Energy's

  5. OIC Introduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    OIC Introduction David McCall Chair - OIC Liaison Task Group Senior Strategic Planner - Intel Corporation Constrained Devices The Internet of Things 2 Data Centers Cloud Rich Devices Rich Devices / Gateways IoT Evolution 3 Cloud / Data Centres Rich Devices / Gateways Constrained Devices Time Isolated Aggregated Cloud Native IoT Standards Applications & Services Data & Control Points Comms Protocols Transports Profiles, Data & Resource Models Apps and services deliver the value of IoT

  6. Russia Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Russia Geothermal Region Details Areas (0) Power Plants (0) Projects (0) Techniques (0) References Geothermal Region Data Area USGS Resource...

  7. Russia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Russia Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment Capabilities in APEC Economies view all Add a Program 6 Tools Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets UNFCCC-Global...

  8. Russia-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Russia Eastern Europe References USAID Russia1 "Currently, USAIDRussia addresses global climate change issues through its support to the U.S. Forest Service (USFS)....

  9. Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Russia Jump to: navigation, search Name Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia AgencyCompany Organization European Bank for Reconstruction and...

  10. All of Russia's Border Crossings to be Outfitted with Proliferation...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    All of Russia's Border Crossings to be Outfitted with Proliferation Prevention Equipmen June 01, 2007 All of Russia's Border Crossings to be Outfitted with Proliferation Prevention ...

  11. russia

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    into fuel rods, and ultimately delivered to commercial customers for use in U.S. nuclear power reactors.

    Learn more about these efforts at

  12. Nuclear weapons and NATO-Russia relations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cornwell, G.C.

    1998-12-01

    Despite the development of positive institutional arrangements such as Russian participation in the NATO-led peacekeeping force in Bosnia and the NATO- Russia Permanent Joint Council, the strategic culture of Russia has not changed in any fundamental sense. Russian strategic culture has not evolved in ways that would make Russian policies compatible with those of NATO countries in the necessary economic, social, technological, and military spheres. On the domestic side, Russia has yet to establish a stable democracy and the necessary legal, judicial, and regulatory institutions for a free-market economy. Russia evidently lacks the necessary cultural traditions, including concepts of accountability and transparency, to make these adaptations in the short-term. Owing in part to its institutional shortcomings, severe socioeconomic setbacks have afflicted Russia. Russian conventional military strength has been weakened, and a concomitant reliance by the Russians on nuclear weapons as their ultimate line of defense has increased. The breakdown in the infrastructure that supports Russian early warning and surveillance systems and nuclear weapons stewardship defense, coupled with a tendency towards has exacerbated Russian anxiety and distrust toward NATO. Russia`s reliance on nuclear weapons as the ultimate line of defense, coupled with a tendency toward suspicion and distrust toward NATO, could lead to dangerous strategic miscalculation and nuclear catastrophe.

  13. Russia's energy policy: A framing comment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aslund, A.

    2006-05-15

    A prominent specialist on the Russian economy provides a framing comment on two preceding papers entitled 'Russia's Energy Policy' (by Vladimir Milov, Leonard Coburn, and Igor Danchenko) and 'Russia's Energy Policy: A Divergent View' (by Matthew J. Sagers). The author argues that Russia's current energy policy should be viewed as an outcome of competition between three overlapping programs. In this context, he identifies three policy models - the old Soviet, the liberal or oligarchic, and the most recent state capitalist. The latter is currently supported by President Putin, who prioritizes diversification of the country's economy at the expense of diminished investments in the oil and gas sector.

  14. Russia vows to end oil export tax

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-27

    This paper reports that Russia will eliminate its oil export tax by 1994 and until then will allow some exemptions, Russian officials have assured a group of US tax specialists. They stopped short of saying it would be repealed by the end of the year, the Ken Crawford, a member of a Tax Foundation delegation visiting Russia and managing partner of KPMG Peat Marwick's Moscow office. The export tax was one of several tax related Russian economic issues on which the US experts and Russian officials exchanged views early this month. The 15 member delegation was in Moscow on invitation from Russia's Ministry of Finance and State Committee on Taxation to help develop guidelines for laws governing Russia's taxation of foreign investment. The US group was sponsored by the Tax Foundation, Washington, DC, a nonprofit, nonpartisan tax and fiscal policy research and public education group.

  15. Gorchakova-IA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atl anta, Georgia, March 19-23, 2001 1 Estimate of Horizontal Cloud Inhomogeneity Effect on Solar Radiative Fluxes for Conditions of Winter Zvenigorod Experiment I. A. Gorchakova, G. S. Golitsyn, and I. I. Mokhov Oboukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, Russia T. B. Zhuravleva Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Study of physical phenomena determining large-scale dynamical and energetic processes in the atmosphere requires quite full

  16. On Correction of Diffuse Radiation Measured by MFRSR

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    On Correction of Diffuse Radiation Measured by MFRSR T. B. Zhuravleva Institute of Atmospheric Optics, SB RAS Tomsk, Russia M. A. Sviridenkov and P. P. Anikin A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, RAS Moscow, Russia Introduction The multi-filter rotated shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) provides spectral direct, diffuse, and total horizontal solar irradiance measurements. Because the MFRSR's receiver has a non-Lambertian response, for a correct interpretation of measured radiation an

  17. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Influence of Ice Particle Shape on Albedo and Transmittance of Ice-Crystal Clouds A. G. Petrushin Institute of Experimental Meteorology Obninsk, Russia T. B. Zhuravleva Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Numerous experimental and theoretical studies indicate that the single-scattering properties of nonspherical ice cloud particles can differ substantially from those of surface- or volume-equivalent spheres (e.g., Volkovitskiy et al. 1984; Takano and Liou 1989). These

  18. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modeling of Brightness Fields of Ice-Crystal Broken Clouds A. G. Petrushin Institute of Experimental Meteorology Obninsk, Russia T. B. Zhuravleva Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction The real clouds are highly variable in space; therefore, the radiative transfer modeling of fluxes and brightness fields of the atmosphere-an underlying surface system, must account for cloud field structure on much smaller scales than the resolution of the atmospheric general circulation

  19. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Instrumental and Technical Approach to Prompt Field Measurements of Size Distributions of Aerosol Absorbing and Scattering Characteristics V. S. Kozlov and M. V. Panchenko Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia A. S. Kozlov, A. N. Akilov, A. M. Baklanov, and S. B. Malyshkin Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion Novosibirsk, Russia Introduction The problem of real-time measurements of the size distributions of different optical and microphysical characteristics of atmospheric

  20. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mixed-Phase Clouds: Simulation of Optical and Radiative Properties T. B. Zhuravleva Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia A. G. Petrushin Institute of Experimental Meteorology Obninsk, Russia Introduction Generally, the radiative properties of ice-crystal and mixed-phase clouds are studied using a plane- parallel, horizontally homogeneous cloud model. However, this model neglects horizontal inhomogeneity, a characteristic of the real clouds arising due to stochastic cloud geometry. In

  1. Active Spectral Nephelometry in Studies of the Condensational...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Sciences Tomsk, Russia M. A. Sviridenkov A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, Russia A. S. Kozlov Institute of Chemical...

  2. Introduction to 'Make'

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    'Make' Introduction to 'Make' Introduction The UNIX make utility facilitates the creation and maintenance of executable programs from source code. make keeps track of the commands...

  3. U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home About Us Our History NNSA Timeline U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium...

  4. Section 99

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 Session Papers 445 Some Results of Spectral and Radiative Measurements During IOP - 1996 in Tomsk V. V. Zuev, B. D. Belan, V. P. Galileiskii, S. I. Dolgii, V. S. Kozlov, V. N. Marichev, A. M. Morozov and V. K. Oshlakov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Academy of Sciences Tomsk, Russia Introduction At present the problems of the radiation transfer theory in the cloudy atmosphere have not been completely developed. However, a series of problems is available, which can be solved only as a

  5. Introduction to Neutrino Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Linares, Edgar Casimiro

    2009-04-30

    I present a basic introduction to the physics of the neutrino, with emphasis on experimental results and developments.

  6. 1. INTRODUCTION | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1. INTRODUCTION 1. INTRODUCTION 1. INTRODUCTION (3.22 MB) More Documents & Publications Tribal Comments Database OIEPP Letter on Roundtable Sessions ICEIWG Meeting Agendas and Summaries

  7. EERE Russia and Eurasian Partnerships and Projects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Russia and Eurasian Partnerships and Projects EERE Russia and Eurasian Partnerships and Projects The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) engages in the region in deployment-focused collaborations with Russia. In addition, EERE Technology Offices engage in bilateral research partnerships with Armenia. Bilateral Partnerships Russian Federation Launched in 2009 to reinvigorate cooperation between the United States and the Russian Federation, the Presidential Bilateral Commission

  8. Secretary Bodman Travels to Russia to Advance Energy Security | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Russia to Advance Energy Security Secretary Bodman Travels to Russia to Advance Energy Security March 15, 2006 - 12:20pm Addthis Promotes Transparent Markets and Clean Energy Technologies; Participates in G8 Energy Ministerial and Delivers Remarks on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership MOSCOW, RUSSIA-U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today began a two-day visit to Russia where he will lead the U.S. delegation to the G8 Energy Ministerial. During his visit the Secretary

  9. NNSA, Russia Cooperate to Enhance Nuclear Security | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    "The United States and Russia remain committed partners in improving nuclear security and preventing the proliferation of nuclear material around the world," said Anne Harrington, ...

  10. Russia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization...

  11. Introduction to Vol. Two

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Information Act Investor Relations Library Privacy Publications Tribal Affairs Introduction to Volume Two, Part I (1950-1987) An error occurred. Try watching this video on...

  12. Introduction and overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations introduction outlines describe the technical and economic status of the major emerging renewable energy options for electricity supply.

  13. Russia, Ukraine and European security. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blank, S.J.

    1993-05-20

    The author examines the problems connected with the presence of nuclear weapons in Ukraine and their impact on Russo-Ukrainian relations and European security. He analyzes the fears of both Russia and Ukraine, vis-a-vis each other, that have led to this situation and suggests ways out of the impasse for both states, and particularly for the United States. He examines how the present situation evolved and recommends a solution that contributes in peaceful fashion to all parties' interests.... Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START); Soviet Union/ Russian republic; Ukraine; Conventional and strategic deterrence; NATO; North Atlantic Cooperation Council.

  14. Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolkov, Benjamin M.; Balatsky, Galya I.

    2012-07-26

    In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of

  15. Introduction to 'Make'

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    'Make' Introduction to 'Make' Introduction The UNIX make utility facilitates the creation and maintenance of executable programs from source code. make keeps track of the commands needed to build the code and when changes are made to a source file, recompiles only the necessary files. make creates and updates programs with a minimum of effort. A small initial investment of time is needed to set up make for a given software project, but afterward, recompiling and linking is done consistently and

  16. Introduction to PGAS Languages

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PGAS Languages Introduction to PGAS Languages Introduction Partitioned Global Address Space Languages (PGAS) provide a parallel programming model based on the assumption that the global memory adress space is logically partitioned with a portion of the memory being assigned to a specific processor. Two common PGAS languages are Unified Parallel C (UPC) and Co-array Fortran (CAF). The first implementation of this tutorial is based on UPC and CAF. This tutorial assumes that you have some

  17. Section 114

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 Figure 1. The arrangement of scientific equipment on the deltaplane. Use of a Motor-Deltaplane as a Platform for Placing of Sensors Measuring Optical and Meteorological Atmospheric Characteristics M. V. Panchenko, V. V. Zuev, M. Y. Arshinov, B. D. Belan, V. K. Kovalevskii, A. P. Plotnikov, E. V. Pokrovskii, I. A. Razenkov, A. P. Rostov, V. S. Kozlov and G. N. Tolmachev Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russia Introduction Global climate change forecasted by a

  18. X:\ARM_19~1\P225-243.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 µm Session Papers 241 Airborne Studies of Submicron Aerosol in the Troposphere Over West Siberia M. V. Panchenko, V. E. Zuev, B. D. Belan, S. A. Terpugova, V. V. Pol'kin, and A. G. Tumakov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Academy of Sciences Tomsk, Russia Introduction Submicron fraction particles that have the longest lifespan and are included in almost all atmospheric processes (Rosenberg et al. 1980; Rosenberg 1983) are of special importance among the great variety of sizes of

  19. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Multi-Angle Remote Sensing of Cumulus Geometry E. I. Kassianov Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington and Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia T. P. Ackerman and R. T. Marchand Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction Satellite remote sensing is the major source for statistics of cloud properties; however, accurate and robust methods for extracting both optical and geometrical characteristics of broken clouds have yet to be fully

  20. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Measurements of Submicron Aerosol and Absorbing Substance in the Height Range up to 7 km Panchenko, M. V., V. S. Kozlov, S. A. Terpugova, V. P. Shmargunov, and V. V. Burkov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Development of regional models describing the spatial-temporal variability of the aerosol content in air is necessary for solving the radiative and climatic problems. The principal role belongs to the study of the content of an absorbing substance in atmospheric

  1. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atmospheric Variability of the Spectral Behavior of the Aerosol Extinction Coefficient R. F. Rakhimov and V. N. Uzhegov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction The peculiarities of the radiation budget of the space-atmosphere-earth surface system are determined by the specific character of the processes of transformation of the incident solar radiation and the outgoing infrared (IR) radiation from the underlying surface. To properly take into account the noted processes,

  2. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Estimate of the Contribution of Submicron Aerosol into the Extinction of IR Radiation V. N. Uzhegov, Yu. A. Pkhalagov, and M. V. Panchenko Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Accounting for the extinction of radiation in the atmospheric transparency window from 8 µm to 12 µm is important for solving climatic problems. Apart from the continuum absorption of water vapor and selective absorption of trace gases, aerosol particles of different size can make some contribution

  3. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Estimation of the Single Scattering Albedo from the Data on the Content of Submicron Aerosol, Absorbing Substance, and the Parameter of Condensation Activity In a Local Volume M. V. Panchenko, V. S. Kozlov, and S. A. Terpugova Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Regional models that describe the spatial-temporal variability of atmospheric aerosol parameters are necessary to solve many radiative and climatic problems. An important area of study is the content of the main

  4. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Variations of Ozonosphere: Physical Model and Forecast into XXI Century V. V. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Academy of Sciences Tomsk, Russia Introduction Because of its ability to effectively absorb the shortwave portion of solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation, ozonosphere plays an important role in determining the radiation budget of the atmosphere. Therefore, general circulation model (GCM) predictions of climate change cannot be made correctly without adequate treatment of real

  5. Some Results of Joint Measurements of Aerosol Extinction of Solar Radiation on Horizontal and Slant Paths

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Results of Joint Measurements of Aerosol Extinction of Solar Radiation on Horizontal and Slant Paths S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, Yu. A. Pkhalagov, and V. N. Uzhegov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction It's a well-known fact that the contribution atmospheric aerosol makes in the total extinction of radiation in calculations and models of radiation must be considered; the quantitative measure of this contribution is the aerosol optical thickness of the atmosphere. The

  6. kasyanov-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Effect of Three-Dimensional Cloud Inhomogeneity on Shortwave Radiative Transfer E. I. Kasyanov* and Y. L. Kogan CIMMS, University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma *On leave from the Institute of Atmospheric Optics, RAS, Tomsk, Russia G. A. Titov Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction The effect of cloud inhomogeneity on radiative transfer in stratocumulus clouds, as well as retrieval of their optical properties, has been studied extensively during recent years.

  7. panchenko(1)-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Diurnal Behavior of Aerosol and Water Vapor in Summer M. V. Panchenko, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, S. A. Terpugova Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction The strong effect of the diurnal rhythm of income of the solar radiation on the dynamics of meteorol- ogical and aerosol characteristics is well known. The important consequence is the feedback, i.e., the diurnal behavior of transparency results in the change of the radiation income. In this paper, we analyze the diurnal

  8. panchenko(2)-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Experimental Study of the Parameter of Submicron Aerosol Condensation Activity in the Lower Troposphere M. V. Panchenko, S. A. Terpugova, A. G. Tumakov, and E. P. Yausheva Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction The relative humidity of air is the most important variability factor of aerosol optical characteristics. The condensation activity of particles depends on their structure and on the ratio of soluble and insoluble species of the dry matter composition. A lot of

  9. zuev(1)-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Statistical Characteristics of One- and Two-Layer Cloudiness Based on Laser Sounding Data V. V. Zuev, V. D. Burlakov, and A. V. El'nikov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Earlier lidar observations of the middle- and high-level clouds, conducted as part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, frequently revealed a significant relationship between the cloud layers, including those located at different atmospheric levels. At the same time, current models of

  10. zuev(2)-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5 Results of Investigation of the Atmosphere and Cirrus Clouds by the Methods of Solar Photometry in Western Siberia Zuev, V. V., M. V. Panchenko, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, and V. V. Veretennikov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Solar photometry methods along with obtaining the data on downward radiation have made it possible to determine a series of basic characteristics of the atmosphere and cloudiness, which directly affect the global solar radiation (GSR),

  11. zuev(2)-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Impact of Volcanic Aerosol on Mean Fluxes of Solar Radiation in Broken Clouds V. V. Zuev and T. B. Zhuravleva Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS Tomsk, Russia Introduction One of the powerful means of detecting the volcanic effect on the earth's radiation budget and, hence, on the earth's climate is numerical modeling. However, the atmospheric processes, during and after the eruption, are too complex and frequently prohibit an adequate description of the non-unique effect of volcanic

  12. zuev(3)-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Possible Forcing of the Greenhouse Phenomenon Under Stress of Plants and Soil Caused by Atmospheric Pollutants V. V. Zuev and Y. N. Ponomarev Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS Tomsk, Russia Introduction Plant biosystems take an active part in planetary biochemical cycles and may affect chemical and physical characteristics of the earth's atmosphere. To estimate the long-term variation in concentration levels of CO 2 and other gases contributing to the greenhouse effect, the biospheric-

  13. zuev-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Results of Lidar Studies of the Structure and Dynamics of Cirrus Clouds Above Western Siberia V. V. Zuev, M. I. Andreev, V. D. Burlakov, A. V. El'nikov, and A. N. Nevzorov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Cirrus clouds occupy a special place among the earth's cloud formations. Their impact can be manifested through atmospheric warming or cooling (Cox 1971). Recurrence of cirrus clouds and their morphological and microphysical structures undergo significant variations

  14. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reconstruction of Paleobehavior of Ozonosphere Based on Response to UV-B Radiation Effect in Dendrochronologic Signal V. V. Zuev and S. L. Bondarenko Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Akademy of Sciencies Tomsk, Russia Introduction The ozonosphere state appreciably influences the general circulation of the atmosphere. The stratospheric ozone content determines the stratospheric temperature field, whose contrasts form the stratospheric circulation. In addition, the thickness of

  15. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spectral Fluxes of Solar Radiation in Broken Clouds: Algorithms for Calculation T. B. Zhuravleva and K. M. Firsov Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS Tomsk, Russia Introduction The most Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) clear- and cloudy- sky radiation experi- ments have been performed with broadband fluxes. Because the fluxes are integrated over wavelength, it is difficult to understand the causes of unavoidable differences between calculated and observed broadband fluxes in those

  16. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Relative Content of Black Carbon in Submicron Aerosol as a Sign of the Effect of Forest Fire Smokes V.S. Kozlov, M.V. Panchenko, and E.P. Yausheva Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Biomass burning occurs often in regions containing vast forest tracts and peat-bogs. These processes are accompanied by the emission of aerosol particles and crystal carbon (black carbon [BC], soot). BC is the predominant source of solar absorption in atmospheric aerosol, which impacts

  17. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Regularities of Angular Distribution of Near-Horizon Sky Brightness in the Cloudless Atmosphere S.M. Sakerin, T.B. Zhuravleva, and I.M. Nasrtdinov Institute of Atomospheric Optics SB RAS Tomsk, Russia Introduction The methods of sun-photometry of the atmosphere based, for example, on interpretation of the angular distribution of radiation in the solar almucantar are widely used for retrieval of the aerosol optical characteristics (Dubovik et al. 2000). Preliminary analysis has shown that the

  18. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sensitivity of Spectral Radiative Fluxes to Atmospheric Water Vapor in the 940 nm Region (Numerical Simulation) T.B. Zhuravleva and K.M. Firsov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction It is well known that water vapor is a critical component in many aspects of atmospheric research, such as radiative transfer and cloud and aerosol processes. This requires both improved measurements of the columnar water vapor and its profiles in the atmosphere in a wide range of conditions

  19. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reconstruction and Prediction of Variations of Total Ozone and Associated Variations of UV-B Solar Radiation for Subarctic Regions Based of Dendrochronologic Data V.V. Zuev and S.L. Bondarenko Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Academy of Scineces Tomsk, Russia Introduction Variations of dendrochronologic parameters, especially annual ring density, significantly reflect the physiological tree response to systematic variations of solar UV-B radiation. These responses take place on monthly

  20. Investigation of Absorption Properties of Submicron Aerosol in the Troposphere Over West Siberia

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Investigation of Absorption Properties of Submicron Aerosol in the Troposphere Over West Siberia M. V. Panchenko, V. S. Kozlov, and V. P. Shmargunov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Improving radiative climate models for the cloudless atmosphere depends largely on the correct way to simulate single-scattering albedo of atmospheric aerosol. Solving this problem requires performing detailed experiments on the study of the aerosol absorption characteristics in the

  1. Investigations of the Absorption Properties of Near-Ground Aerosol by the Methods of Optical-Acoustic Spectrometry and Diff...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Investigations of the Absorption Properties of Near-Ground Aerosol by the Methods of Optical-Acoustic Spectrometry and Diffuse Extinction V. S. Kozlov, M. V. Panchenko, A. B. Tikhomirov, and B. A. Tikhomirov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Aerosol absorption is an important factor in the formation of non-selective radiation extinction in the visible wavelength range, and plays a great role in solving many radiative and climatic problems. The principal absorbing

  2. Deputy Secretary Poneman to Travel to Russia | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Washington, D.C. - On Monday, December 6, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman will travel to Russia as part of the ongoing cooperation between the two countries on ...

  3. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from Dendrochronologic Data Zuev, V.V. and Bondarenko, S.L., Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Academy of Sciences Tomsk, Russia Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement...

  4. NREL: News - NREL Wins Research and Development Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tomsk, Russia. NREL researchers on the project were David Ginley, Tanya Rivkin, Calvin Curtis, Alexander Miedaner and Kim Jones. "We are still amazed at how versatile this unique...

  5. VOLTTRON: Introduction and History

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Introduction and History JEREME HAACK, SRINIVAS KATIPAMULA, BRANDON CARPENTER, BORA AKYOL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory DOE Building Technologies Office: Technical Meeting on Software Framework for Transactive Energy July 23-24, 2014 July 29, 2014 1 VOLTTRON Team 2 3 Presentation Outline Background and Motivation What is VOLTTRON? Development History DOE Funded Enhancements Open Source VOLTTRON Development Timeline Challenge Approach Impact Bridging operation and planning to enable

  6. Chapter I: Introduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    30 QER Report: Energy Transmission, Storage, and Distribution Infrastructure | April 2015 Chapter I: Introduction QER Report: Energy Transmission, Storage, and Distribution Infrastructure | April 2015 2-1 Chapter II This chapter addresses a broad range of challenges to the resilience, reliability, safety, and asset security of transmission, storage, and distribution (TS&D) and shared infrastructures. The challenges vary among different types of TS&D infrastructure and among different

  7. The perils and pitfalls of business in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spears, R.B.

    1995-09-01

    It is not for the lack of trying that few Western oil companies have profitable operations in Russia. Quite the contrary. Every oil company with a thirst for opportunity has searched that once-forbidden region for deals. This gold rush was triggered by an apparent crying need or Western know-how and capital, but appearances in Russia often widely differ from reality. Hype of early oil ventures set a false tone of promise, but company and company came home poorer and wiser. The gold rush went bust. Now in the fourth year of the West`s involvement in Russia`s oilfields, operators are soberly evaluating their prospects. Even while signals are encouraging the West, like a reduction in export tariffs and some progress on contract law, a remarkable event is occuring that throws out many Western arguments for continuing involvement and investment: On their own, the Russians are arresting their production decline and have increased output. This will have immediate and long term effects on Westerners. First, it lends credibility to Russian voices demanding that Mother Russia not sign away its precious resources to foreigners. Second, it encourages trade barriers to protect domestic industry. Third, it weakens the bargaining position of Westerners. Fourth, it reduces the options available to Western operators. What remains will be E&P opportunities where Western technology and capital really can play a role-complex reservoirs, hostile environments-but poor contract terms.

  8. Introduction to High Performance Computing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Introduction to High Performance Computing Introduction to High Performance Computing June 10, 2013 Photo on 7 30 12 at 7.10 AM Downloads Download File Gerber-HPC-2.pdf...

  9. Introduction to Control Part 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheinker, Alexander

    2015-07-13

    Presentation that offers an introduction to Control Theory, sponsored by the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Low Level RF Control Group.

  10. Oil and gas resources in the West Siberian Basin, Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    The primary objective of this study is to assess the oil and gas potential of the West Siberian Basin of Russia. The study does not analyze the costs or technology necessary to achieve the estimates of the ultimate recoverable oil and gas. This study uses reservoir data to estimate recoverable oil and gas quantities which were aggregated to the field level. Field totals were summed to a basin total for discovered fields. An estimate of undiscovered oil and gas, from work of the US Geological Survey (USGS), was added to give a total basin resource volume. Recent production decline points out Russia`s need to continue development of its discovered recoverable oil and gas. Continued exploration is required to discover additional oil and gas that remains undiscovered in the basin.

  11. U.S. and Russia Sign Bratislava Accord | National Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home About Us Our History NNSA Timeline U.S. and Russia Sign Bratislava Accord U.S. and Russia Sign Bratislava Accord February 01,...

  12. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Russia (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Natural Gas Re-Exports to Russia (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ERENUS-NRSMMCF" "Date","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Russia (Million Cubic Feet)" ...

  13. Russia to import more goods for upstream projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-12

    This paper reports that Russia is stepping up its imports of petroleum hardware. In the latest developments; Nippon Steel Corp. and C. Itoh and Co. Ltd., Tokyo, signed contracts to provide Russia $300 million worth of export credits for steel pipe and undisclosed drilling equipment; Nizhnevartovskneftegaz, a Russian oil and gas production association, asked the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development for a $60 million loan to buy western oil and gas equipment. The hardware, mostly pipe, tools, pumps, and workover rigs, will be used in part to return shut-in wells to production.

  14. NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Material | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear Material NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear Material Moscow, Russia The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) commemorated ten years of work securing nuclear and radiological material in Russia and the former Soviet Union by completing security upgrades at two Russian nuclear facilities. Upgrades at a third facility

  15. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cloud Amount of Midlatitude Continental Clouds in Tomsk Region: Preliminary Results T.B. Zhuravleva, T.M. Rasskazchikova, and T.K. Sklyadneva Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS Tomsk, Russia S.V. Smirnov Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems SB RAS Tomsk, Russia The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program provides concentrated measurements of surface radiative budget as well as measurements of the atmospheric constituents including clouds, aerosols, water vapor,

  16. Briefing, Introduction to Classified Information - June 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Introduction to Classified Information - June 2014 Briefing, Introduction to Classified Information - June 2014 June 2014 This briefing provides an introduction to classified ...

  17. Introduction to Framework | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Introduction to Framework (Redirected from Introduction to Methodology) Jump to: navigation, search Stage 1 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans,...

  18. FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

  19. Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1997-01-01

    Provides an assessment of the oil and gas potential of the West Siberian Basin of Russia. The report was prepared in cooperation with the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is part of the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP).

  20. Introduction: Regional Dialogue Contract Templates

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Introduction: Regional Dialogue Contract Templates October 17, 2007 1. Summary * BPA invites comments on the first draft of the Regional Dialogue Master Template by Friday,...

  1. Introduction to BPA Film Collection

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Information Act Investor Relations Library Privacy Publications Tribal Affairs Introduction to BPA Film Collection: Volume One, Disc One, 1939-1954 An error occurred. Try...

  2. NDRF Introduction & Close-Up

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Event Location Date http:www.fema.govrecoveryframework www.fema.govppd8 http:fema.ideascale.com 2 NDRF Introduction & Close-Up Deborah Ingram Assistant Administrator ...

  3. JOTG Video Introduction | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    JOTG Video Introduction JOTG Video Introduction Addthis Description Greeting: Inter-Agency Partnership, Commitment, and Service to the American workers

  4. Introduction to Brookhaven National Laboratory

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Introduction to Brookhaven National Laboratory Patrick Looney Department Chair Sustainable Energy Technologies (SET) Global and Regional Solutions Directorate (GARS) STEAB Meeting June 26, 2012 Introduction to BNL * Facts, figures, facilities overview * BNL energy strategy - Building Discovery to Deployment pipelines - Tools for a Smarter Grid - Distributed Generation and Renewables Integration * Meeting sustainability goals through research * Discussion 2 FY 2011 Total Lab Operating Costs: $652

  5. Demonstration of a PC 25 Fuel Cell in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John C. Trocciola; Thomas N. Pompa; Linda S. Boyd

    2004-09-01

    This project involved the installation of a 200kW PC25C{trademark} phosphoric-acid fuel cell power plant at Orgenergogaz, a Gazprom industrial site in Russia. In April 1997, a PC25C{trademark} was sold by ONSI Corporation to Orgenergogaz, a subsidiary of the Russian company ''Gazprom''. Due to instabilities in the Russian financial markets, at that time, the unit was never installed and started by Orgenergogaz. In October of 2001 International Fuel Cells (IFC), now known as UTC Fuel Cells (UTCFC), received a financial assistance award from the United States Department of Energy (DOE) entitled ''Demonstration of PC 25 Fuel Cell in Russia''. Three major tasks were part of this award: the inspection of the proposed site and system, start-up assistance, and installation and operation of the powerplant.

  6. Evidences of global warming for various regions of Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batyreva, O.V.; Pischehko, V.A.; Vilfand, R.M.; Vasiliev, A.A.

    1997-12-31

    The automatical classification of mean monthly temperature fields of Russia was carried out. The data of 42 years in regular grid-points 5 x 10{degree} of Northern Hemisphere were used. The combination of land`s algorithm of K-averages was applied. The increasing of prevailing occurrence of warm types during last decades was discovered. It turned out that different regions had different dynamics of type occurrences.

  7. United States-Russia: Environmental management activities, Summer 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-09-01

    A Joint Coordinating Committee for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (JCCEM) was formed between the US and Russia. This report describes the areas of research being studied under JCCEM, namely: Efficient separations; Contaminant transport and site characterization; Mixed wastes; High level waste tank remediation; Transuranic stabilization; Decontamination and decommissioning; and Emergency response. Other sections describe: Administrative framework for cooperation; Scientist exchange; Future actions; Non-JCCEM DOE-Russian activities; and JCCEM publications.

  8. Introduction to ESPC ENABLE Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Webinar provides participants with an introduction to the Energy Savings Performance Contract (ESPC) ENABLE program, an overview of the process, and next steps on how to move forward with a project...

  9. Fan System Assessment Tool Introduction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation provides an introduction to the Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT). With FSAT, users can calculate the amount of energy used by their fan system; determine system efficiency; and quantify the savings potential of an upgraded system.

  10. United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting | Department of Energy States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting December 10, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Moscow - Earlier this week, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman, representing the United States government, signed a joint statement with Russia's Director

  11. China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who

  12. Secretary Chu to Travel to Russia Next Week | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    with Russia in the areas of innovative clean energy technology, safe and reliable civilian nuclear power, best practices in energy efficiency, and nuclear non-proliferation. ...

  13. US and Russia agree to collaborate on nuclear energy and security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Russia agree to collaborate on nuclear energy and security R&D | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile...

  14. Current status and prospects of research on Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion in 2009 in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grishina, I. A.; Ivanov, V. A.; Kovrizhnykh, L. M.

    2010-12-15

    Papers presented at the XXXVII International Zvenigorod Conference on Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion in Russia are reviewed, and the main research directions are analyzed.

  15. U.S., Russia Agree to Extend Nuclear Security Cooperation | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    "The United States and Russia remain committed partners in improving global nuclear security, combating weapons proliferation, and preventing dangerous nuclear equipment and ...

  16. Russia-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Russia-IEANetworkofExpertiseinEnergyTechnology&oldid329172" Feedback Contact needs updating Image needs updating Reference needed Missing content Broken link Other...

  17. Risk reduction projects in Russia, Ukraine, and eastern Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guppy, J.G.; Fitzpatrick, R.G.; Reisman, A.W. ); Spencer, B.W. )

    1993-01-01

    Assistance to Russia, Ukraine, and Central and Eastern Europe countries (CEEC) in the area of nuclear power safety has been undertaken in the United States. The U.S. Department of Energy is responsible for implementing the nuclear safety portion of this assistance. One aspect of this work is to provide near-term improvement to the safety of VVER and RBMK nuclear power plants (NPPs). This activity has been designated as near-term risk reduction (NTRR). This accident risk reduction effort is being conducted by utilizing teams of experts.

  18. Introduction to computers: Reference guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ligon, F.V.

    1995-04-01

    The ``Introduction to Computers`` program establishes formal partnerships with local school districts and community-based organizations, introduces computer literacy to precollege students and their parents, and encourages students to pursue Scientific, Mathematical, Engineering, and Technical careers (SET). Hands-on assignments are given in each class, reinforcing the lesson taught. In addition, the program is designed to broaden the knowledge base of teachers in scientific/technical concepts, and Brookhaven National Laboratory continues to act as a liaison, offering educational outreach to diverse community organizations and groups. This manual contains the teacher`s lesson plans and the student documentation to this introduction to computer course.

  19. THE NUCLEAR MATERIAL MEASUREMENT PROGRAM PLAN FOR GOSATOMNADZOR OF RUSSIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bokov, Dmitry; Byers, Kenneth R.

    2003-08-01

    As the Russian State regulatory agency responsible for oversight of nuclear material control and accounting (MC&A), Gosatomnadzor of Russia determines the status of the MC&A programs at Russian facilites by testing the nuclear material inventory for accounting record accuracy. Currently, Gosatomnadzor is developing and implementing an approach to planning and conducting MC&A inspections using non-destructive assay (NDA) instruments that will provide for consistent application of MC&A measurement inspection objectives throughtout Russia. This Gosatomnadzor NDA Program Plan documents current NDA measurement capability in all regions of Gosatomnadzor; provides justification for upgrades to equipment, procedures and training; and defines the inspector-facility operator interface as it relates to NDA measurement equipment use. This plan covers a three-year measurement program cycle, but will be reviewed and updated annually to ensure that adequate inspection resources are available to meet the demands of the inspection schedule. This paper presents the elements of this plan and describes the process by which Gosatomnadzor ensures that its NDA instruments are effectively utilized, procedures are developed and certified, and inspection personnel are properly trained to provide assurance that Russian nuclear facilities are in compliance with Russian MC&A regulations.

  20. Introduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Exposure Social *Energy Reliability (Diversification) *Energy Independence *Quality of Life *Community and Stakeholder Participation Environment *Climate Change *Mitigation ...

  1. Introduction

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... two gun turrets at either end of the facility provide extended security at the DAF. environmental testing and the other for observing operations in an adjacent assembly cell. ...

  2. Introduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-01-01

    This section of the report describes the history of the tribology program of the Office of Transportation Materials (OTM) in the Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT). The mission of the Office of Transportation Technology is discussed. OTT`s research objectives focus on (1) automobiles and light-duty trucks and vans and (2) heavy duty trucks and buses. Even small gains in efficiency can produce large paybacks for the tax dollar. The mission of the Office of Transportation Materials is also described. Its research objective is to enable the development and engineering of energy-efficient transportation systems that will make possible the transition of the U.S. transportation sector from dependence on petroleum to alternative fuels and electricity. The mission of the Tibology Program is to provide the base technology to enable savings in annual U.S. energy consumption through tribological advances in the transportation sector. Current task areas are in the fields of advanced lubrication, engineered tribological interfaces, advanced tribomaterials and components, and project management.

  3. Introduction

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... measurements on buried pipe at a test site as well as on an operating pipeline. .........1 2 PCAD model of SwRI test pipe: (a) normal pipe condition; (b) with ...

  4. INTRODUCTION

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... 23, 2005. Green areas of leaves retain the capacity for substantial CO 2 uptake, while senescent areas have totally lost capacity for any photosynthesis. SURFACE ENERGY ...

  5. Introduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... & Mechanical (A&M) University to develop an advanced surface plasma nitriding technique. ... (Right) FY 2015 17 Advanced Surface Plasma Nitriding for Development of Corrosion ...

  6. Introduction

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The idea to use atomic energy to propel a rocket for interplanetary travel originated in 1906 when American space pioneer Robert Goddard, a college sophomore, wrote a paper on the use of atomic energy. The concept moved from theory to reality in the mid-1950s when the United States launched a nuclear rocket program called Project Rover. A nuclear reactor and test engines were located in the southwest corner of the Nevada Test Site, now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The

  7. Introduction

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Advances in manufacturing technologies, including modular construction, improved factory and field fabrication and other innovative construction technologies, are essential to the future of nuclear energy. They are strategically important to the economics of new nuclear power plant construction in the United States and to the competitiveness of the U.S.in the nuclear energy market. In 2012, the Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies (NEET) Program was initiated by the Department of Energy's

  8. Introduction

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Nuclear energy systems employ instrumentation and controls to measure important system parameters, provide control input to components that maintain systems within desired and safe limits, and provide owners and operators with the needed awareness of plant conditions to plan and safely manage operational evolutions. In a sense, instrumentation and control (I&C) systems function as the nervous system of a nuclear power plant and other nuclear system applications. They monitor all aspects of

  9. INTRODUCTION

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... Groundwater is approximately 236 m (774 ft) below the land surface. The climate is arid ... the transition times are on the order of thousands of years spanning changes in climate. ...

  10. Introduction

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy Introducing the Department of Energy Quadrennial Technology Review Introducing the Department of Energy Quadrennial Technology Review April 7, 2011 - 4:33pm Addthis Former Under Secretary Koonin Former Under Secretary Koonin Director - NYU's Center for Urban Science & Progress and Former Under Secretary for Science Recently, Secretary Chu asked me to kick off a new process at the Department of Energy: a Quadrennial Technology Review (DOE-QTR). The goal of the DOE-QTR

  11. Introduction

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Building Energy Efficiency Subcommittee to the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board November 6, 2012 Dr. J. Michael McQuade Matthew Rogers Dr. Arthur Rosenfeld Dr. Maxine Savitz...

  12. Introduction

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    on Implementation of the Section 180(c) Grant Program Annotated Outline and Appendices ... to update the Section 180(c) policy and procedures and to write a grant guidance document. ...

  13. Introduction

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-05-21

    Provides guidance for software engineering, project management, and quality assurance practices and procedures. Does not cancel other directives.

  14. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mixed-phase clouds, such as those found in the Arctic have presented quite a challenge to the modeling com- munity. Without modification, models have struggled to maintain the...

  15. Introduction

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    VP, Product Strategy Cree Yan Rodriguez VP, Product and Technology Acuity Brands Lighting Ed Clark Sustainable Strategist ZGF Architects Chris Bailey Dir. of Bus. Develop. & Prod....

  16. Introduction

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    January 2011 For more information, contact: U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office Office of Public Affairs P.O. Box 98518 Las Vegas,...

  17. Introduction

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    March 2010 For more information, contact: U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office Office of Public Affairs P.O. Box 98518 Las Vegas,...

  18. Introduction

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    W. Blanch 1 1 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, ... in the design and optimization of a variety of processes affected by interprotein binding. ...

  19. Introduction

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    The objective of this Guide is to improve the quality of cost estimates and further strengthen the DOE program/project management system. This Guide strives to achieve this goal by providing uniform cost estimating methods as well as consistent estimate terminology. No cancellation.

  20. Introduction

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    U1a Complex is an underground laboratory used for subcritical experiments; physics experiments that obtain technical information about the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile. These ...

  1. Introduction

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DE-FC26-03NT41878 Southwest Research Institute Project 14.10211 Submitting Organization Sensor Systems and NDE Technology Department Applied Physics Division Southwest ...

  2. Introduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 2019 - to less than 5 per gallon algal biofuel by 2019. - STATUS: Awards anticipated ... at Increasing Scale * Fuel Testing and Engine Development for High Octane Fuels * 2015 ...

  3. Introduction

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Several DOE-NE irradiation programs are already requesting HT MPFDs to be included in their irradiation tests. The Accident Tolerant Fuels (ATF) irradiation test program will ...

  4. Introduction

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Accident Tolerant Fuel, Small Modular Reactor, and Light Water Reactor Sustainability programs; as well as industry efforts to develop and test advanced fuels, and ...

  5. Introduction

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... IN 47906 Funding: 800,000 (10012014 - 09302017) Description of Project: The Fukushima nuclear accident of 2011 has highlighted the importance of designing safety-related ...

  6. Introduction

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    in Livermore, California, was no longer permitted to perform large high explosive experiments at the facility due to community encroachment, a new site had to be identified. ...

  7. Introduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Electric Transmission in the West Planning  Siting  Issues February 7, 2012 2  What does Transmission Look Like?  Why is Transmission Important?  Transmission Planning  Transmission Siting  Select Transmission Issues  References Presentation Content © 2010 ICF International. All rights reserved. What does Transmission Look Like? © 2010 ICF International. All rights reserved. WHAT DOES ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION LOOK LIKE 4  Provide affordable/reliable electricity 

  8. Introduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EnerNOC, Inc. ("EnerNOC") is pleased to provide these comments to the Department of Energy in response to the Request for Information "Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation." EnerNOC is a leading provider of demand response and energy efficiency solutions to utilities, Independent System Operators ("ISOs") and customers in the commercial, industrial and institutional ("CI&I") sectors. EnerNOC uses near real-time data collected

  9. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Workforce Survey Report For Savannah River Site Community Reuse Organization June 8, 2009 Booz | Allen | Hamilton SRSCRO Nuclear Workforce Survey Report T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S 1. Background And Objectives Of The Nuclear Workforce Survey 3 Background 3 Survey Objectives 4 2. Scope Of The Survey 5 Participating Companies 5 Nuclear Workers Demand Beyond The SRSCRO Region 6 Key Job Classifications 7 3. Survey Results 8 Growth In Total Staffing Levels 8 Estimated New Hires 2010 - 2020

  10. INTRODUCTION

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    REGULATION OF CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND WATER USE IN A OZARK FOREST: PROPOSING A NEW ... period was the data streams of CO 2 and water vapor fluxes and numerous meteorological ...

  11. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1999 Prepared by: Michael G. Finn Science and Engineering Education Program Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education December 2001 All opinions expressed in this paper are the author's and do not necessarily reflect policies and views of the U.S. Department of Energy or the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education. This document was prepared for the Division of Science Resources Studies of the National Science Foundation by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE)

  12. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to TotalView Debugger Why a Debugger? * Developers need a way to understand the runtime behavior of their programs - When writing new code, porting code, adding features, scaling, tuning or optimizing - When troubleshooting bugs, code correctness, and memory analysis * The solution Rogue Wave has to this is TotalView - TotalView is a source code debugger for Linux, Unix and Mac which gives users visibility into and control over runtime execution - TotalView is especially compelling for users

  13. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Construction began on the Device Assembly Facility (DAF) in the mid-1980s to support underground nuclear testing. DAF was designed and built to consolidate all nuclear explosive assembly functions, to provide safe structures for high explosive and nuclear explosive assembly operations, and to provide a state-of-the-art safeguards and security environment. Now that the United States is under a continuing nuclear testing moratorium, the DAF now provides support for Stockpile Stewardship

  14. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1992, the President of the United States placed a moratorium on underground nuclear weapons testing. As a result, alternate experimental methods for certifying the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile were implemented. Among these experimental methods was the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research (JASPER) Facility, located at the Nevada National Security Site. JASPER plays an integral role in the certification of the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile by provid- ing a method to

  15. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    U1a facility is an underground laboratory used for subcritical experiments; physics experiments that are used to obtain technical information about the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile. These experiments support the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Stockpile Stewardship Programs, created to maintain the safety and reliability of the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile. The U1a borehole was originally excavated in the 1960s for an underground nuclear test that

  16. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    When the Nevada Test Site was established in 1951, it provided a proving ground for a burgeoning U.S. nuclear weapons program. One hundred atmospheric nuclear tests occurred at the test site between 1951 and 1962. When the U.S. entered into an atmospheric testing moratorium, all testing moved underground. In 1992, the president instituted a moratorium on nuclear testing. In order to certify the safety and reliability of the nation's nuclear stockpile, developing improved computer models and

  17. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nonproliferation Test and Evaluation Complex (NPTEC) is the world's largest facility for open air testing of hazardous toxic materials and biological simulants. It is located at the Nevada National Security Site on Frenchman Flat, a natural geological basin approximately 75 miles northwest of Las Vegas. The topography, wind predictability, and location provide a secure, controlled environment for small and large-scale testing, which is governed by an approved Environmental Assessment. An

  18. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    National Criticality Experiments Research Center (NCERC) is located at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and operated by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). NCERC maintains a substantial special nuclear material (SNM) inventory and expertise to support a variety of nuclear security missions, including nuclear criticality safety research and training, nuclear emergency response, nuclear nonproliferation, and support for other Government Agencies that require hands-on access to

  19. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Big Explosives Experimental Facility (BEEF) is a hydrodynamic testing facility, located at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), about 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas. BEEF provides data, through explosive experiments, to support the Stockpile Stewardship Program, along with a variety of new experimental programs that expand the nation's non-nuclear experiment capabilities. History When the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) facility in Livermore,

  20. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Looking for historical information about the nuclear testing program? You can find records and information about the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) nuclear testing program at the Nuclear Testing Archive (NTA), located on East Flamingo Road in Las Vegas, Nevada. The facility, located adjacent to the Desert Research Institute and the University of Nevada Las Vegas, houses more than 375,000 documents in a 9,000-square-foot space equipped with special features for preserving the documents. The

  1. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    December 18, 1950, President Harry S. Truman authorized the establishment of a continental testing site on a 680-square mile section of the Nellis Air Force Gunnery and Bombing Range. First known as the Nevada Proving Grounds, it officially became the Nevada Test Site in 1955, opening the door to an atomic age that not only affected national security, but national culture as well. Today it is known as the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Testing Captures America's Attention The Ranger test

  2. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    December 18, 1950, President Harry S. Truman authorized the establishment of a continental testing site on a 680-square mile section of the Nellis Air Force Gunnery and Bombing Range. First known as the Nevada Proving Grounds, it officially became the Nevada Test Site in 1955, opening the door to an atomic testing age that not only affected national security, but national culture as well. Today it is called the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The Ranger test series At the commencement of

  3. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiation is energy in the form of waves or particles. Although radiation is around us every day, you cannot see, hear, or smell it. Radiation is detected by measuring the activity of the energy released as it decays. It comes from natural and man-made sources as unstable atoms decay to form more stable atoms. Different Types of Radiation Alpha particles travel only a few inches in the air and lose energy almost as soon as they encounter an obstacle such as a sheet of paper or the outer layer of

  4. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    days of large, heavy, fission bombs, the possibility of dangerous nuclear accidents were minimized by assembling the bomb in the final moments before actual use. Modern nuclear weapons adopted 'sealed pit' designs in which all parts of the fission bomb were placed in their final configuration during assembly. This evolution created more compact, lightweight, and low maintenance nuclear weapons, but these weapons could not accommodate separate handling of internal components before actual use,

  5. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mid-1950s the United States launched a nuclear rocket program called Project Rover. The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Space Nuclear Propulsion Office jointly administered the test area, later called the Nuclear Rocket Development Station (NRDS) in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (now known as the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS)). NRDS was a sprawling complex composed of test cells and assembly buildings. Connecting these

  6. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Between 1951 and 1992, 828 underground nuclear tests were conducted in specially drilled vertical holes, vertical shafts, and horizontal tunnels at the Nevada Test Site, now known as the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Most vertical shaft tests assisted in the development of new weapon systems. Horizontal tunnel tests occurred to evaluate the effects (radiation, ground shock) of various weapons on military hardware and systems. Background Between 1951 and 1963, a total of 100 atmospheric

  7. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    test base was established in the summer of 1946 on the shores of Salton Sea, California where Sandia Laboratory could conduct ballistic tests and monitor the operation of fuzing and firing systems. This area, then known as Sandy Beach, had been utilized by the Manhattan Project for ballistic and fuzing and firing testing of the first atomic weapons. Background The Salton Sea Test Base provided satisfactory range facilities for several years. However, by the mid-1950's, the atmosphere became

  8. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rare occasions, vertical drill holes have been used for effects tests at the Nevada Test Site, now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Huron King was a Vertical Line of Site (VLOS) underground test conducted at the Nevada Test Site on June 24, 1980 by the Defense Nuclear Agency, now the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), U.S. Department of Defense. Background DTRA, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy, and its predecessor, the Atomic Energy Commission, began

  9. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    do Ruth, Dixie, Shasta, Butternut, Seersucker, and Mink all have in common? They were all names of nuclear tests conducted at the Nevada Test Site (NTS), now known as the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), between 1951 and 1962. A total of 928 atmospheric and underground nuclear tests was conducted at the NTS, and each of those tests was christened with a name. Background Beginning with Trinity, the first atomic test in 1945, nuclear tests were all assigned code names as a security measure

  10. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mercury, Nevada, a town 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, is the gateway to the Nevada Test Site (NTS), now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). There is no evidence as to how Mercury was named, but legend says that an unknown miner worked in the Calico Hills in the 1850s mining mercury- bearing ore. His route of travel became known as the Mercury Road, and the area surrounding it became known as Mercury. Almost one hundred years later the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) built

  11. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    plant and animal life. The climate is arid, with an annual rainfall of six inches in the lower elevations, an ideal setting for the ignition of wildland fires. Wildland fires are not the only risks at the NNSS. Offices, facilities, and projects at the site are subject to a diverse range of operational risks and hazards that include the potential for significant emergencies. Background To mitigate these risks and provide protection for the surrounding public, personnel, and property at the NTS,

  12. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Prehistoric cultural resources are abundant on the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), formerly know as the Nevada Test Site (NTS), indicating Native Americans occupied the region for more than 10,000 years. Historic artifacts from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries are also present, reflecting use by miners, ranchers, and settlers who traveled through the area. The U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office (NNSA/NFO) is committed to

  13. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Since the beginning of the industrial revolution the amount of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) in the atmosphere has risen sharply and has the potential to dramatically affect global climate. It is important to determine how deserts and semiarid lands, which comprise nearly 40 percent of the Earth's land mass, will respond to the effects of this increase in CO 2 and related climate change. Collaborative ecological studies are being conducted at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), formerly known as

  14. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    They are some of the most famous and eerie images to emerge from the Cold War: atmospheric nuclear tests captured one millisecond after detonation. Using a rapatronic camera developed by Harold Edgerton of Edgerton, Germeshausen & Grier Inc. (EG&G), a company specializing in electronic technology, the rapatronic camera was capable of photographing still images at the rate of 1/1,000,000 of a second. Background Dr. Harold Edgerton, a pioneer in strobe photography, developed the concept

  15. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) is a center for creating advanced technologies that provides a broad range of scientific, technological, and operational disciplines with core competencies in emergency response operations and support, remote sensing, and applied science and technologies in support of counterterrorism and radiological incident response. Background The Atomic Energy Commission originally established the "Aerial Measurements Operations" at Nellis Air Force Base in Las

  16. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    work at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), formerly known as the Nevada Test Site (NTS), requires the use of underground tunnels and shafts. In order to provide the safest work environment possible for NNSS workers, Mine Rescue Teams (MRTs) are required to ensure proper rescue services in an emergency situation. Background The MRTs must comply with Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) requirements and with stipulations that include a requirement for a minimum of two MRTs to be

  17. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an unassuming building located on Wonderland Avenue, five minutes from the famous Sunset Strip in Los Angeles, California, a secret film studio produced as many films as those of the major Hollywood studios, yet most of those films were unseen by the public. The mission of Lookout Mountain Air Force Station was to provide in-service production of classified motion picture and still photographs to the U.S. Department of Defense and the Atomic Energy Commission - later the U.S. Department of

  18. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    During the height of operations in the 1960s, the Jackass & Western Railroad, located in Area 25 of the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), formerly know as the Nevada Test Site (NTS), was the shortest and slowest operating railroad in the United States. However, it was the railroad's important mission that made it such: the railroad trans- ported research reactors, NERVA reactors/ nuclear engines, and equipment between facilities at the NTS Nuclear Rocket Development Station (NRDS) in

  19. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    pre-dawn hours of January 24, 1978, a Canadian Mounted Police corporal located in Hay River, in the Canadian Northwest Territories, reported a meteor sighting. One hundred and twenty-fve miles north, in Yellowknife, a night janitor reported mysterious lights streaking across the darkened sky. What these eye-witnesses actually saw was the re-entry of the Soviet satellite Cosmos 954 into Earth's atmosphere. Background Cosmos 954 launched into orbit on September 18, 1977. The satellite was designed

  20. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The desert temperature hovered at 90 degrees Fahrenheit the morning of July 17, 1962 at the Nevada Test Site (NTS), now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Eventually the beating sun would increase the heat to over 105 degrees later that day, but at 10:00 a.m., a crowd of 396 spectators braved the scorching temperature and relentless sun to witness the last atmospheric test ever conducted by the United States. The crowd gathered in Area 18 of the NTS, approximately two miles from

  1. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Offce of Science sponsors a range of science education initiatives through its Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists program. Included within this program is the Science Bowl, a nationwide academic science competition established in 1991. Background National and Regional DOE Science Bowl competitions test students' knowledge in all areas of science and math. High school students are quizzed in a fast paced question-and-answer format similar to

  2. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    52 feet tall, it remains a well-known, highly visible landmark at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). It is the modular tower built for Icecap, a joint United Kingdom, Los Alamos National Laboratory underground nuclear test scheduled for the spring of 1993. What was scheduled to be the 929th test came to a halt when President Bush signed the Underground Nuclear Testing Moratorium on October 3, 1992. The tower still remains in Area 7 of the Nevada National Security Site. The Icecap tower

  3. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    plant and animal life. The climate is arid, with an annual rainfall of six inches in the lower elevations, an ideal setting for the ignition of wildland fres. Background The NNSS Fire & Rescue (F&R) was established on October 9, 1951. Today, the F&R service provides fre suppression, emergency medical, hazardous materials (HAZMAT) mitigation, technical rescue response, incident command functions and fre prevention activities to the site on a 24-hour basis. Prevention Several

  4. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    To increase the domestic preparedness to combat terrorist threats, the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Offce (NNSA/NFO) provides a unique radiological/nuclear weapons of mass destruction (WMD) training center at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), located 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. At the NNSS, emergency responders are trained to take immediate, decisive actions in response to terrorist use of radiological or nuclear WMDs, such

  5. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Larger than the state of Rhode Island, the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) occupies approximately 1,375-square miles (approximately 880,000 acres) in southern Nevada, making it one of the largest restricted-access areas in the United States. The NNSS is surrounded by approximately 6,500 square miles of federal land used for the U.S. Air Force Nevada Test and Training Range, and the Desert National Wildlife Refuge. Located approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, the NNSS is vast,

  6. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Age spanned from the 1940s through the 1990s. Key occurrences during that period, including events that precipitated the era and crucial milestones along the way, are documented in this timeline. An important part of the nuclear age occurred at the Nevada Test Site (NTS), now known as the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Between 1951 and 1992 a total of 928 nuclear tests were conducted at the NTS, 828 of which were underground. A total of 126 nuclear tests were conducted at other

  7. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) provides a unique and indispensable extension of the national laboratories' experimental capabilities in support of the Stockpile Stewardship Program. In addition to ongoing environmental cleanup of historic nuclear research and testing areas on the NNSS, non-defense research and development activities are conducted in cooperation with universities, industries, and other federal agencies. In the beginning After the first nuclear test at the Trinity Site in

  8. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    idea to use atomic energy to propel a rocket for interplanetary travel originated in 1906 when American space pioneer Robert Goddard, a college sophomore, wrote a paper on the use of atomic energy. The concept moved from theory to reality in the mid-1950s when the United States launched a nuclear rocket program called Project Rover. A nuclear reactor and test engines were located in the southwest corner of the Nevada Test Site, now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The Atomic

  9. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    What happens when you combine an accidental conventional explosion with the possibility of radiological contamination? You get a gigantic health and safety hazard. That health and safety hazard motivated the Sandia Corporation, now Sandia National Laboratories, to create a specialized structure in 1957 known as the Gravel Gertie, designed to prevent the release of radioactive particles into the atmosphere. The assembly cells, which have 12-inch thick concrete walls, are called Gravel Gerties

  10. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sedan Crater was formed on July 6, 1962, when the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, predecessor of the U.S. Department of Energy, conducted an excavation experiment using a 104-kiloton thermonuclear device. The test, detonated 635 feet underground, helped develop technology for earth moving projects. The awe-inspiring explosion displaced about 12 million tons of earth, creating a crater 1,280 feet in diameter and 320 feet deep. The force of the detonation released seismic energy equivalent to an

  11. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Peter Skene Ogden, an Englishman on a Hudson Bay Company trapping expedition down the Humboldt River, was the first white man to enter northern Nevada. It was 1826, and Nevada was the last state to be explored by the white man. Until that time, Nevada had been inhabited by Paleo-Indians and migrants. During the same year, the famous trapper-explorer Jebediah Smith crossed the southern tip of the state on his way to California. The Old Spanish Trail, Nevada's oldest, was first traveled by

  12. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    first nationally televised nuclear shot, "Annie" was conducted on March 17, 1953. Annie was also part of a civil effects test named Operation Cue, conducted by the Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA). On May 5, 1955 a 29-kiloton device named Apple 2 was detonated from a 500- foot tower on Yucca Flat at the Nevada Test Site, now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas. It was the second nationally televised nuclear test

  13. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Five of the first six nuclear tests conducted by the United States occurred in the far reaches of the Pacific Ocean. Almost immediately, scientists and military planners discovered that logistics, weather, security and safety concerns required the need for a continental test site. The effort of transporting, supplying and housing a nuclear test task force in the middle of the Pacific was more than originally anticipated. In addition to the communist insurgency in Korea, the need for a

  14. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For more than 50 years, the Nevada Test Site, now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), has been used as a test bed for a multitude of scientific projects, among which was the Supersonic Low-Altitude Missile (SLAM). The concept was a revolutionary new type of propulsion originated at Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, which eventually became Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: nuclear ramjet power. Project Pluto was the code name for the project, which also referred to the weapon

  15. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Starting in 1951, thousands of military personnel from all four U.S. military services received orders to serve with the U.S. Army's Atomic Maneuver Battalion working at Camp Desert Rock at the Nevada Test Site, now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). A Step Back in Time It is hard to imagine that in the 1950s the Nevada National Security Site host- ed a bustling military camp full of young soldiers, marines, sailors and airmen who were to witness the heat and blast of the

  16. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    June 6, 1958, the United States Atomic Energy Commission, now the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), announced the Plowshare Program, named for the biblical injunction to ensure peace by "beating swords into plowshares." The program was designed as a research and development activity to explore the technical and economic feasibility of using nuclear explosives for industrial applications. President Dwight D. Eisenhower introduced the concept in his "Atoms for Peace" speech

  17. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Following the Trinity test and the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, military officials still knew very little about the effects, especially on naval targets, of nuclear weapons. Accordingly, the Joint Chiefs of Staff requested and received Presidential approval to conduct a test series during summer 1946. The test series, named Crossroads, was conducted at Bikini atoll in the Marshall Islands, which was far from population centers in the middle of the Pacific. Pacific testing offered ample

  18. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    527 feet, the BREN (Bare Reactor Experiment -- Nevada) Tower was the largest free- standing structure west of the Mississippi River. It was also one of the best known and most visible landmarks at the Nevada Test Site, now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). It was taller than the Empire State Building (1,454 feet, to top of lightening rod) and almost twice as tall as the Eiffel Tower (1,063 feet, with antenna). It was constructed of 51 thirty-foot sections of high tensile steel

  19. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    November 1981, the last cattle roundup took place at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) experimental farm, managed for DOE by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Operations at this unique, 30-acre experimental farm in Area 15 started in 1964 when the EPA was contracted to conduct research to determine if radioactive materials (radionuclides) found in the environment were being transported to humans. At the time, a major concern was the transport of radioiodine through the

  20. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Before Neil Armstrong stepped foot on the moon on July 20, 1969, Armstrong, and astronauts Dick Gordon, Buzz Aldrin, Dave Scott, and Russell "Rusty" Schweikart left their footprints on the Nevada Test Site, now known as the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) as part of their lunar training. Training Mission Their three-day visit began on February 16, 1965. It was the first training mission by a group of astronauts from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Their

  1. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    July 26, 1957, a safety experiment called Pascal-A was detonated in an underground hole at the Nevada Test Site (NTS), now known as the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The test, although successful, brought the issue of drilling to the forefront. The need to drill large-diameter holes at the NTS resulted from the Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT), signed by President John F. Kennedy in Moscow on August 5, 1963. The LTBT prohibited testing nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, underwater, and in

  2. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    earliest media reports of atmospheric nuclear testing in Nevada were based on eyewitness accounts. News reporters considered it a sign of importance when invited to watch detonations from News Nob, a large pile of volcanic tuff situated on the edge of Yucca Lake at the Nevada Test Site, now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). Thousands of newsmen trekked to observe and write about atomic mushroom clouds billowing above the desert of Nevada in the 1950s. Their articles were eagerly

  3. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Peacekeeper (MX) is a four-stage intercontinental ballistic missile capable of carrying up to ten independently-targetable reentry vehicles with greater accuracy than any other ballistic missile. Its design combines advanced technology in fuels, guidance, nozzle design, and motor construction with protection against the hostile nuclear environment associated with land- based systems. Several Air Force Peacekeeper research and testing experiments took place from 1978 through 1982 in Area 25 of

  4. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    May 25, 1953, during the Operation Upshot-Knothole test series at the Nevada Test Site, now known at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), a milestone occurred in ordnance development. A 280-mm cannon, nicknamed Atomic Annie, fired the first and last nuclear projectile as part of the Grable test. The MK-9 artillery shell was propelled a distance of seven miles. It exploded in the air and had a yield of 15 kilotons (15,000 tons of TNT). Deployment Two 280-mm cannons were shipped by rail from

  5. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    diverse and complex mosaic of plant and animal communities are found at the Nevada National Security Site. Representative of both the Mojave and Great Basin deserts, approximately 1,500 ani- mal species, including 924 species of insects, and 750 different kinds of plants are documented at the site. The varying elevations and climatic conditions at the test site contribute to the distribution of plant and animal communities. On the south end of the site, Jackass Flats lies at a low 2,688 feet

  6. Russia's views on cruise missiles in the context of START III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ball, D Y

    2000-10-30

    The abysmal state of Russia's conventional forces has caused Russia to rely on nuclear weapons to ensure its security. This reliance was formalized in Russia's military doctrine which states that nuclear weapons can be used ''in situations critical to the national security of the RF and its allies.'' In fact, most Russian security analysts believe that this dependence on nuclear weapons will remain for the foreseeable future because the economy will have to improve significantly before a conventional force build up can be contemplated. Yet, despite Russia's need to rely on nuclear weapons, even this may be problematic because its economic plight may create difficulties in maintaining its current level of nuclear forces. Thus, Russia has a keen interest in negotiating a treaty to reduce Strategic Nuclear Forces below START II levels and would prefer to go even beyond the 2,000-2,500 numbers agreed to by Presidents Yeltsin and Clinton in Helsinki in 1997. Sergei Rogov, an influential defense analyst, believes that Russia's strategic nuclear forces will fall below 1,000 warheads by 2010 irrespective of arms control agreements. Accordingly, Russia is keen to ensure rough parity with the US. To retain a credible deterrent posture at these lower levels, Russia believes that it is important to restrain US sea-launched cruise missiles (SLCM)--forces that have heretofore not been captured as strategic weapons in the START treaties. Russian officials reason that once strategic nuclear forces go to very low levels, SLCM capabilities become strategically significant. In fact, according to two well-known Russian security analysts, Anatoli Diakov and Pavel Podvig, Russia's current START III negotiating position calls for the complete elimination of all SLCMs, both nuclear and conventional. Prior to assessing Russia's position regarding cruise missiles and START III, I will examine Russia's overall view of its security position vis-a-vis the US in order to provide background for

  7. Section 10

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    x10 &10 cm &1 cm &1 1&µm P H2O '16.5 Torr N 2 P N2 '1 atm Session Papers 37 About Continual Absorption of Radiation in the Shortwave Region M. V. Panchenko, V. E. Zuev, S. D. Tvorogov, L. I. Nesmelova, Yu.A Pkhalagov, O. B. Rodimova, N. N. Shehelkanov and V. N. Uzhegov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russia Introduction Experiment The problem of the anomalous (excess) absorption of The presence of the water vapor

  8. X:\ARM_19~1\P397-400.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    P( ) N x P lay ( ) (1 N) x P cle ( ) " " P cle P lay , , S S A s , P St ( ), P Cu ( ) 80 , Session Papers 397 (1) Absorption of Solar Radiation in Broken Clouds V. E. Zuev, G. A. Titov, and T. B. Zhuravleva Institute of Atmospheric Optics Russian Academy of Sciences Tomsk, Russia Introduction It is recognized now that the plane-parallel model unsatisfactorily describes the transfer of radiation through broken clouds and that, consequently, the radiation codes of general circulation

  9. Section 58

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ' 1 3 km m 3km 0 N(h)dh Session Papers 253 Figure 1. Distribution of the aerosol number density over (1) the former USSR. Results of Long-term Airborne Research of Aerosol Characteristics of the Lower Troposphere over Former Soviet Union M.V. Panchenko, V.E. Zuev, and B.D. Belan Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Tomsk, Russia Introduction Spatial Variability of Aerosol The improvement of general atmospheric circulation models is mainly determined by the quality of the block of radiation

  10. panchenko-98.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 Reconstruction of the Water Vapor Profiles from the Ground Data M. V. Panchenko, S. A. Terpugova, S. M. Sakerin, and D. M. Kabanov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Water vapor plays an important role in the radiation budget of the "atmosphere-underlying surface" system. To solve the problems related to the radiation transfer in the atmos- phere, one needs to know both the value of columnar water vapor and the distribution of water vapor over the altitude. It

  11. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Statistical Estimation of the Atmospheric Aerosol Absorption Coefficient Based on the Data of Optical Measurements V.N. Uzhegov, V.S. Kozlov, M.V. Panchenko, Yu.A.Pkhalagov, V.V. Pol'kin, S.A. Terpugova, V.P. Shmargunov, and E.P. Yausheva Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russia Introduction The problem with the aerosol optical constants and, in particular, the imaginary part of the refractive index of particles in the visible and

  12. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Comparison of the Data of Airborne, Lidar, and Photometric Sensing of Aerosol Parameters in the Cloudless Atmosphere M.V. Panchenko, V.S. Kozlov, Yu.S. Balin, S.M. Sakerin, G.P. Kokhanenko, L.E. Penner, D.M. Kabanov, E.V. Makienko, S.A. Terpugova, S.A. Turchinovich, and V.P. Shmargunov Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS Tomsk, Russia Introduction A comprehensive investigation of the optical and microphysical parameters of tropospheric aerosol dictates the necessity of applying several

  13. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spectral Dependences of the Atmospheric Aerosol Optical Depth in the Extended Spectral Region of 0.4-4 μm S.M. Sakerin and D.M. Kabanov Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction Regular measurements of the aerosol optical depth (AOD) in different regions are important for studying the aerosol climate forcing (see Report WMO 2005; Holben 1998). To date, the majority of measurements of AOD - τ А (λ) are carried out in the relatively narrow wavelength range 0.34-1 μm, where

  14. Introduction to Airborne Tritium Tritides

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1 Introduction Advances in manufacturing technologies, including modular construction, improved factory and field fabrication and other innovative construction technologies, are essential to the future of nuclear energy. They are strategically important to the economics of new nuclear power plant construction in the United States and to the competitiveness of the U.S. in the nuclear energy market. In 2012, the Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies (NEET) Program was initiated by the Department of

  15. An introduction to coastal geomorphology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pethick, J.S.

    1984-01-01

    This book is an introduction to wave and tidally dominated coastal forms, including beaches, cliffs, dunes, estuaries, mudflats and marshlands. The book emphasises the physical mechanisms by which this variety of landforms is produced and maintained. It introduces the energy outputs - waves, currents, tides - into the coastal 'machine', examines the way in which this energy is converted into water and sediment movement, and leads to an account of coastal landform development.

  16. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION ON RADIOLOGICAL THREAT REDUCTION PROGRAMS IN RUSSIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landers, Christopher C.; Tatyrek, Aaron P.

    2009-10-07

    Since its inception in 2004, the United States Department of Energy’s Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) has provided the Russian Federation with significant financial and technical assistance to secure its highly vulnerable and dangerous radiological material. The three program areas of this assistance are the removal of radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTG), the physical protection of vulnerable in-use radiological material of concern, and the recovery of disused or abandoned radiological material of concern. Despite the many successes of the GTRI program in Russia, however, there is still a need for increased international cooperation in these efforts. Furthermore, concerns exist over how the Russian government will ensure that the security of its radiological materials provided through GTRI will be sustained. This paper addresses these issues and highlights the successes of GTRI efforts and ongoing activities.

  17. Air Shipment of Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania to Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Alexander Buchelnikov

    2010-10-01

    Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without shipment license special exceptions when the last Romanian highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel was transported to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This air shipment required the design, fabrication, and licensing of special 20 foot freight containers and cask tiedown supports to transport the eighteen TUK 19 shipping casks on a Russian commercial cargo aircraft. The new equipment was certified for transport by road, rail, water, and air to provide multi modal transport capabilities for shipping research reactor spent fuel. The equipment design, safety analyses, and fabrication were performed in the Russian Federation and transport licenses were issued by both the Russian and Romanian regulatory authorities. The spent fuel was transported by truck from the VVR S research reactor to the Bucharest airport, flown by commercial cargo aircraft to the airport at Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to the final destination in a secure nuclear facility at Chelyabinsk, Russia. This shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in close cooperation with the Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and the International Atomic Energy Agency, and was managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN). This paper describes the planning, shipment preparations, equipment design, and license approvals that resulted in the safe and secure air shipment of this spent nuclear fuel.

  18. Economic Study of Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage and Reprocessing Practices in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. E. Singer; G. H. Miley

    1997-10-01

    This report describes a study of nuclear power economics in Russia. It addresses political and institutional background factors which constrain Russia's energy choices in the short and intermediate run. In the approach developed here, political and institutional factors might dominate short-term decisions, but the comparative costs of Russia's fuel-cycle options are likely to constrain her long-term energy strategy. To this end, the authors have also formulated a set of policy questions which should be addressed using a quantitative decision modeling which analyzes economic costs for all major components of different fuel cycle options, including the evolution of uranium prices.

  19. Case study on aid in district heating energy efficiency and gas transportation leakages in Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gritsevich, I.

    1997-12-31

    Russia makes one of the greatest contribution to GHG emissions in the world and is listed in the FCCC as a country with economy in transition committed to return by the end of the present decade to its GHG emissions level in 1990. Russia has accumulated a significant reserve for carbon credit as a result of production decline: GHG emissions fell down by 25% in 1995/1990, and one of the greatest energy efficiency potentials (more than 480 mln tce). Russia is interested in international cooperation, for instance, in the form of JI projects.

  20. Main Principles of the Perspective System of SNF Management in Russia - 13333

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baryshnikov, Mikhail

    2013-07-01

    For the last several years the System of the Spent Nuclear Fuel management in Russia was seriously changed. The paper describes the main principles of the changes and the bases of the Perspective System of SNF Management in Russia. Among such the bases there are the theses with the interesting names like 'total knowledge', 'pollutant pays' and 'pay and forget'. There is also a brief description of the modern Russian SNF Management Infrastructure. And an outline of the whole System. The System which is - in case of Russia - is quite necessary to adjust SNF accumulation and to utilize the nuclear heritage. (authors)

  1. Introduction to OpenCL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OpenCL Introduction to OpenCL OpenCL at NERSC OpenCL is an open standard for programming heterogeneous computers composed of CPUs, GPUs and other processors. OpenCL consists of a framework to define the platform as a host (typically a CPU) and one or more compute devices (e.g. a GPU) plus a C-based programming language for writing programs for the compute devices. Using OpenCL, a programmer can write parallel programs that use all the resources of the heterogeneous computer. We give an example

  2. Introduction to Renewable Energy Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Renewable Energy Technology A YEAR-LONG SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY COURSE by Matthew A. Brown Lakewood High School Lakewood, CO Lakewood High School Red Rocks Community College Smart Energy Living Alliance Metro Denver WIRED Initiative Introduction Page i-i Revision date: 6/1/08 This curriculum is a partnership between: Lakewood High School Matthew Brown, maabrown@jeffco.k12.co.us Suzanne McClung, smcclung@jeffco.k12.co.us 9700 W. 8th Ave., Lakewood, CO 80215 303.982.7096

  3. Procurement Division Introduction | Princeton Plasma Physics...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organization Business Operations Procurement Division Procurement Division Introduction Travel and Conference Services Careers Human Resources Directory Environment,...

  4. U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1993 U.S.-Russia HEU Purchase Agreement, commonly known as the Megatons to Megawatts Program. ... into nuclear fuel, and used in nuclear power plants to generate nearly ten percent of ...

  5. U.S. and Russia Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    U.S. and Russia Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Plutonium July 13, 2006 - 3:05pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman and Sergey ...

  6. Performance potential of the coal strip mining in the east of Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheskidov, V.I.

    2007-07-15

    The potentialities of the leading mining districts in Russia to improve coal production by strip mining are analyzed. The operational issues of the Erunakovskiy (Kuzbass), Kansko-Achinskiy and South Yakutia territorial production complexes are considered.

  7. United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Group meeting that took place on December 6-7, 2010. The Working Group meeting strengthened cooperation between the U.S. and Russia on civil nuclear energy and nuclear security. ...

  8. Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nuclear Security Progress | Department of Energy Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia Nuclear Security Progress Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia Nuclear Security Progress February 1, 2008 - 11:13am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey Kiriyenko today met to highlight U.S.-Russian efforts to keep nuclear weapons and weapons material out

  9. U.S. and Russia Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy and Russia Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security U.S. and Russia Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security June 28, 2007 - 2:08pm Addthis Newly Signed Fifth Bratislava Report Highlights Most Recent Advances in Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey Kiriyenko today submitted to Presidents Bush and Putin the fifth report on nuclear security cooperation

  10. Energy Efficiency Investments in Public Facilities - Developing a Pilot Mechanism for Russia and Chelyabinsk Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Roshchanka, Volha; Parker, Steven A.; Baranovskiy, Aleksandr

    2012-01-01

    Russian public sector buildings tend to be very inefficient, which creates vast opportunities for savings. This paper reviews opportunities to implement energy efficiency projects in Russian public buildings, created by new Russian legislation and regulations. Given Russia's limited experience with energy performance contracts (EPCs), a pilot project can help test an implementation mechanism. The authors use Chelyabinsk Region as an example to discuss opportunities, challenges and solutions to financing and implementing an EPC in Russia, navigating through federal requirements and specific local conditions.

  11. Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States | Department of Energy Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States December 10, 2013 - 2:30pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz and

  12. DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement January 12, 2007 - 9:59am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel Bodman announced today that he and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency Director Sergey Kiriyenko have submitted to Presidents Bush and Putin the fourth report of the Senior Interagency Working Group on implementation of the February 2005 Bratislava Checklist.

  13. The Security of Russia's Nuclear Arsenal: The Human Factor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ball, D.Y.

    1999-10-12

    Assertions by the Russian military that all of their nuclear weapons are secure against theft and that nuclear units within the military are somehow insulated from the problems plaguing the Russian military should not be accepted uncritically. Accordingly, we should not give unwarranted credence to the pronouncements of military figures like Cal.-Gen. Igor Valynkin, Chief of the Defense Ministry's 12th Main Directorate, which oversees the country's nuclear arsenal. He contends that ''Russian nuclear weapons are under reliable supervision'' and that ''talk about the unreliability of our control over nuclear weapons has only one pragmatic goal--to convince international society that the country is incapable of maintaining nuclear safety and to introduce international oversight over those weapons, as it is done, for example, in Iraq.'' While the comparison to Iraq is preposterous, many analysts might agree with Valynkin's sanguine appraisal of the security of Russia's nuclear weapons. In contrast, I argue that the numerous difficulties confronting the military as a whole should cause concern in the West over the security of the Russian nuclear arsenal.

  14. EDITORIAL HPJ SPECIAL ISSUE INTRODUCTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farfan, E.

    2011-10-01

    Radioecology is the study of the fate and transport and potential effects of radionuclides and associated contaminants in the environment. In short, it is the science that describes the fundamental connection between environmental health and human health risks. As such, radioecology can and has provided the credible, consistent and defensible basis for the successful and cost-effective environmental cleanup and closure of nuclear production and waste sites. In addition, radioecology also provides the technical basis for making timely and reliable decisions on cleanup in the aftermath of nuclear incidents such as Chernobyl and Fukushima. The 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) accident resulted in catastrophic health, social, and economic consequences in many countries, predominantly, Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia. The extent of radioactive contamination, levels and forms of contamination, and diversity of the ecosystems affected by the accident did not have any precedent and provided unique opportunities for environmental scientists around the world. Following the natural course of their development, populations of species and their communities found themselves in conditions of chronic radiation exposure that exceeded the natural background by factors of hundreds and thousands. Anything similar would have been extremely difficult if not impossible to recreate in a scientific laboratory. Consequently, since the first few years after the accident, many teams of scientists have visited the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (ChEZ). The knowledge gained by studying the consequences of this accident has tremendous importance. The concept of an international research and technical center to address the problems involving nuclear and radiological accidents became a reality with the establishment of the International Chernobyl Center (ICC). In May 1995, the US and Ukraine signed a Protocol of Intent on establishment of the ICC, and the government of Ukraine appealed to the

  15. Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc PDF icon Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc More Documents & ...

  16. Short-Period Seismic Noise in Vorkuta (Russia)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kishkina, S B; Spivak, A A; Sweeney, J J

    2008-05-15

    Cultural development of new subpolar areas of Russia is associated with a need for detailed seismic research, including both mapping of regional seismicity and seismic monitoring of specific mining enterprises. Of special interest are the northern territories of European Russia, including shelves of the Kara and Barents Seas, Yamal Peninsula, and the Timan-Pechora region. Continuous seismic studies of these territories are important now because there is insufficient seismological knowledge of the area and an absence of systematic data on the seismicity of the region. Another task of current interest is the necessity to consider the seismic environment in the design, construction, and operation of natural gas extracting enterprises such as the construction of the North European Gas Pipeline. Issues of scientific importance for seismic studies in the region are the complex geodynamical setting, the presence of permafrost, and the complex tectonic structure. In particular, the Uralian Orogene (Fig. 1) strongly affects the propagation of seismic waves. The existing subpolar seismic stations [APA (67,57{sup o}N; 33,40{sup o}E), LVZ (67,90{sup o}N; 34,65{sup o}E), and NRIL (69,50{sup o}N; 88,40{sup o}E)] do not cover the extensive area between the Pechora and Ob Rivers (Fig. 1). Thus seismic observations in the Vorkuta area, which lies within the area of concern, represent a special interest. Continuous recording at a seismic station near the city of Vorkuta (67,50{sup o}N; 64,11{sup o}E) [1] has been conducted since 2005 for the purpose of regional seismic monitoring and, more specifically, detection of seismic signals caused by local mining enterprises. Current surveys of local seismic noise [7,8,9,11], are particularly aimed at a technical survey for the suitability of the site for installation of a small-aperture seismic array, which would include 10-12 recording instruments, with the Vorkuta seismic station as the central element. When constructed, this seismic

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    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

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    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Information Act Investor Relations Library Privacy Publications Tribal Affairs Introduction to Volume Two, Part II (1950-1987) An error occurred. Try watching this video on...

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    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

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    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

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  5. Introduction to Bayesian methods in macromolecular crystallography...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  6. Introduction to applications and industries for Microelectromechanical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  7. Introduction to SAE Hydrogen Fueling Standardization

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

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    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE has posted the presentations and materials from the eighth annual Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop, held November 12-14 in Portland, OR.

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  10. Procurement Division Introduction | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

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    Procurement Division Procurement Division Introduction Travel and Conference Services Careers/ Human Resources Directory Diversity and Inclusion Environment, Safety & Health Furth Plasma Physics Library Lab Leadership Organization Chart Technology Transfer Contact Us Business Operations Procurement Division Procurement Division Introduction Travel and Conference Services Careers/ Human Resources Directory Diversity and Inclusion Environment, Safety & Health Furth Plasma Physics Library