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Sample records for toad bufo boreas

  1. Elevated Trace Element Concentrations in Southern Toads, Bufo terrestris, Exposed to Coal Combustion Waste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, William A.

    Elevated Trace Element Concentrations in Southern Toads, Bufo terrestris, Exposed to Coal, and behavioral abnormalities in amphibians to coal combustion wastes (coal ash). Few studies, however, have determined trace element concentrations in amphibians exposed to coal ash. In the current study we compare

  2. Multi-level effects of low dose rate ionizing radiation on southern toad, Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stark, Karolina; Scott, David E.; Tsyusko, Olga; Coughlin, Daniel P.; Hinton, Thomas G.; Amendola, Roberto

    2015-04-30

    Despite their potential vulnerability to contaminants from exposure at multiple life stages, amphibians are one of the least studied groups of vertebrates in ecotoxicology, and research on radiation effects in amphibians is scarce. We used multiple endpoints to assess the radiosensitivity of the southern toad (Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris) during its pre-terrestrial stages of development –embryonic, larval, and metamorphic. Toads were exposed, from several hours after oviposition through metamorphosis (up to 77 days later), to four low dose rates of ¹³?Cs at 0.13, 2.4, 21, and 222 mGy d?¹, resulting in total doses up to 15.8 Gy. Radiation treatments did notmore »affect hatching success of embryos, larval survival, or the length of the larval period. The individual family variation in hatching success of embryos was larger than the radiation response. In contrast, newly metamorphosed individuals from the higher dose-rate treatments had higher mass and mass/length body indices, a measure which may relate to higher post-metamorphic survival. The increased mass and index at higher dose rates may indicate that the chronic, low dose rate radiation exposures triggered secondary responses. Additionally, the increases in growth were linked to a decrease in DNA damage (as measured by the Comet Assay) in red blood cells at a dose rate of 21mGy d?¹ and a total dose of 1.1 Gy. In conclusion, the complex effects of low dose rates of ionizing radiation may trigger growth and cellular repair mechanisms in amphibian larvae.« less

  3. Multi-level effects of low dose rate ionizing radiation on southern toad, Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stark, Karolina [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden); Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States); Scott, David E. [Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States); Tsyusko, Olga [Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States); Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States); Coughlin, Daniel P. [Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States); Hinton, Thomas G. [Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States); Inst. of Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, Cadarache (France); Amendola, Roberto [ENEA, (Italy)

    2015-04-30

    Despite their potential vulnerability to contaminants from exposure at multiple life stages, amphibians are one of the least studied groups of vertebrates in ecotoxicology, and research on radiation effects in amphibians is scarce. We used multiple endpoints to assess the radiosensitivity of the southern toad (Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris) during its pre-terrestrial stages of development –embryonic, larval, and metamorphic. Toads were exposed, from several hours after oviposition through metamorphosis (up to 77 days later), to four low dose rates of ¹³?Cs at 0.13, 2.4, 21, and 222 mGy d?¹, resulting in total doses up to 15.8 Gy. Radiation treatments did not affect hatching success of embryos, larval survival, or the length of the larval period. The individual family variation in hatching success of embryos was larger than the radiation response. In contrast, newly metamorphosed individuals from the higher dose-rate treatments had higher mass and mass/length body indices, a measure which may relate to higher post-metamorphic survival. The increased mass and index at higher dose rates may indicate that the chronic, low dose rate radiation exposures triggered secondary responses. Additionally, the increases in growth were linked to a decrease in DNA damage (as measured by the Comet Assay) in red blood cells at a dose rate of 21mGy d?¹ and a total dose of 1.1 Gy. In conclusion, the complex effects of low dose rates of ionizing radiation may trigger growth and cellular repair mechanisms in amphibian larvae.

  4. Multi-level effects of low dose rate ionizing radiation on southern toad, Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stark, Karolina; Scott, David E.; Tsyusko, Olga; Coughlin, Daniel P.; Hinton, Thomas G.; Amendola, Roberto

    2015-04-30

    Despite their potential vulnerability to contaminants from exposure at multiple life stages, amphibians are one of the least studied groups of vertebrates in ecotoxicology, and research on radiation effects in amphibians is scarce. We used multiple endpoints to assess the radiosensitivity of the southern toad (Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris) during its pre-terrestrial stages of development –embryonic, larval, and metamorphic. Toads were exposed, from several hours after oviposition through metamorphosis (up to 77 days later), to four low dose rates of ¹³?Cs at 0.13, 2.4, 21, and 222 mGy d?¹, resulting in total doses up to 15.8 Gy. Radiation treatments did not affect hatching success of embryos, larval survival, or the length of the larval period. The individual family variation in hatching success of embryos was larger than the radiation response. In contrast, newly metamorphosed individuals from the higher dose-rate treatments had higher mass and mass/length body indices, a measure which may relate to higher post-metamorphic survival. The increased mass and index at higher dose rates may indicate that the chronic, low dose rate radiation exposures triggered secondary responses. Additionally, the increases in growth were linked to a decrease in DNA damage (as measured by the Comet Assay) in red blood cells at a dose rate of 21mGy d?¹ and a total dose of 1.1 Gy. In conclusion, the complex effects of low dose rates of ionizing radiation may trigger growth and cellular repair mechanisms in amphibian larvae.

  5. Comparative toxicities of two common agricultural chemicals to toads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowman, Deborah Fay

    1997-01-01

    species, Bufo valliceps Wiegmann, 1833, and B. velatus Bragg & Sanders, 1951, in relation to two major agricultural pesticides, carbofuran and trifluralin, that are widely used and applied directly to the soil. Toads of both species were collected at a...

  6. Increased Circulating Levels of Testosterone and Corticosterone in Southern Toads, Bufo terrestris,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, William A.

    combus- tion waste (characterized by a variety of trace elements). In the first portion of this study 12 weeks. We hypoth- esize that high concentrations of various trace elements in the polluted site of numerous trace elements including various heavy metals. By the end of this century it is estimated that

  7. Interactive effects of maternal and environmental exposure to coal combustion wastes decrease survival of larval southern toads (Bufo terrestris)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgia, University of

    Interactive effects of maternal and environmental exposure to coal combustion wastes decrease Accepted 29 January 2012 Keywords: Amphibian Coal combustion wastes Contaminants Trace elements Selenium terrestris). Previous maternal exposure to coal combustion wastes (CCW) reduced larval survival

  8. Interactive effects of maternal and environmental exposure to coal combustion wastes decrease survival of larval southern toads (Bufo terrestris)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATION PLANIs gravityIntellectualInteractions BetweenInteractive

  9. Systematics of the Bufo Valliceps Group (Anura: Bufonidae) of Middle America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendelson, Joseph R. III

    1997-05-06

    A phylogenetic analysis of morphological characters revealed that the species content of the Bufo valliceps group is limited to eight species (two of them new) occurring between the southern United States and Costa Rica. ...

  10. Remote sensing in BOREAS: Lessons learned J.A. Gamona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nassar, Ray

    , heat, water, momentum, and carbon dioxide. The main goals of the Boreal Ecosys- tem Atmosphere StudyRemote sensing in BOREAS: Lessons learned J.A. Gamona , K.F. Huemmrichb,*, D.R. Peddlec , J. Chend, Greenbelt, MD, USA m Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville

  11. BULLETIN OF THE CHICAGO HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sever, David M.

    EUROPEAN TOAD, 3UFO BUFO (ANURA, BUFONIDAE) J o z e f N i j s 1 0 1 CAUDAL LURING I N THE MADAGASCAR GROUND

  12. Ba2+-inhibitable /sup 86/Rb+ fluxes across membranes of vesicles from toad urinary bladder

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garty, H.; Civan, M.M.

    1987-01-01

    /sup 86/Rb+ fluxes have been measured in suspensions of vesicles prepared from the epithelium of toad urinary bladder. A readily measurable barium-sensitive, ouabain-insensitive component has been identified; the concentration of external Ba2+ required for half-maximal inhibition was 0.6 mM. The effects of externally added cations on /sup 86/Rb+ influx and efflux have established that this pathway is conductive, with a selectivity for K+, Rb+ and Cs+ over Na+ and Li+. The Rb+ uptake is inversely dependent on external pH, but not significantly affected by internal Ca2+ or external amiloride, quinine, quinidine or lidocaine. It is likely, albeit not yet certain, that the conductive Rb+ pathway is incorporated in basolateral vesicles oriented right-side-out. It is also not yet clear whether this pathway comprises the principle basolateral K+ channel in vivo, and that its properties have been unchanged during the preparative procedures. Subject to these caveats, the data suggest that the inhibition by quinidine of Na+ transport across toad bladder does not arise primarily from membrane depolarization produced by a direct blockage of the basolateral channels. It now seems more likely that the quinidine-induced elevation of intracellular Ca2+ activity directly blocks apical Na+ entry.

  13. Breeding pond selection and movement patterns by eastern spadefoot toads (Scaphiopus holbrookii) in relation to weather and edaphic conditions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenberg, Cathyrn, H.; Tanner, George, W.

    2004-08-31

    Cathryn H. Greenberg and George W. Tanner. 2004. Breeding pond selection and movement patterns by eastern spadefoot toads (Scaphiopus holbrookii) in relation to weather and edaphic conditions. J. Herp. 38(4):569-577. Abstract: Eastern Spadefoot Toads (Scaphiopus holbrookii) require fish-free, isolated, ephemeral ponds for breeding but otherwise inhabit the surrounding uplands, commonly xeric longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) ?wiregrass (Aristida beyrichiana). Hence both pond and upland conditions can potentially affect their breeding biology, and population persistence. Hardwood invasion due to fire suppression in sandhills could alter upland and pond suitability by higher hardwood density and increased transpiration. In this paper we explore breeding and neonatal emigration movements in relation to weather, hydrological conditions of ponds, and surrounding upland matrices. We use 9 years of data from continuous monitoring with drift fences and pitfall traps at 8 ephemeral ponds in 2 upland matrices: regularly-burned, savanna-like sandhills (n = 4), and hardwood-invaded sandhills (n = 4). Neither adult nor neonate captures differed between ponds within the 2 upland matrices, suggesting that they are tolerant of upland heterogeneity created by fire frequency. Explosive breeding occurred during 9 periods and in all seasons; adults were captured rarely otherwise. At a landscape-level rainfall, maximum change in barometric pressure, and an interaction between those 2 variables were significant predictors of explosive breeding. At a pond-level, rainfall, change in pond depth during the month prior to breeding, and days since a pond was last dry were significant predictors of adult captures. Transformation date, rather than weather, was associated with neonatal emigrations, which usually were complete within a week. Movement by first-captured adults and neonates was directional, but adult emigrations were apparently not always toward their origin. Our results suggest that Spadefoot Toads are highly adapted to breeding conditions and upland habitat heterogeneity created by weather patterns and fire frequency in Florida sandhills.

  14. A Reevaluation of the Taxonomy of the Mesocoelium monas Complex (Platyhelminthes: Digenea: Mesoceliidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calhoun, Dana Marie

    2012-07-16

    ......................................................................................................................... 97 1 1. INTRODUCTION L?he (1901) described Distomum sociale L?he, 1901 from specimens collected in Burma from the Asian black spined or Southeast Asian toad, Bufo melanostictus...

  15. The osteology of Bufo woodhousi, with comparison to Bufo terrestris 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldauf, Richard John

    1951-01-01

    Satcneiens a 3surs ~resets agee. . ~. Sav. estr. Ite ~ SLL e s PALS ~ X~X8sl ypa i CCIs &416? , ~er? ~~?, Ke Itnatcad. s ilies ~cse, Priegrish m, ~~ ~ ~, Sr~s~. (Perh X& yy. i-si, X i3IP~ (Pa@4 xx)~ yy ~ X-Qg? , ~s gj. X~? chcc ~ologp smt ~om..., Oct. 1S 7:00 R 9:30 pm Tickets are 83. 00 All fgms are presented in the Rudder Theater Complex Persons with disabthttes p 7-8478 to inform as of your special needs. We request notiTLcathm 3 working days prior to tbe even to assist yon to tbe best...

  16. Species List A001 Tiger Salamander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    flavipunctatus A016 Tailed Frog Ascaphus truei A017 Western Spadefoot Scaphiopus hammondii A018 Western Toad Bufo Pond Turtle Clemmys marmorata R002 Western Fence Lizard Sceloporus occidentalis R003 Sagebrush Lizard Ringneck Snake Diadophis punctatus R014 Sharp-tailed Snake Contia tenuis R015 Racer Coluber constrictor R

  17. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Vol. 113A, No. 4, pp. 369-374, 1996 Copyright 0 1996 Elsevier Science Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tattersall, Glenn

    of the toad, Bufo americanw. Acid exposure (pH 6.0, 54 h) resulted in a 20-80% increase in ammonia-N excretion for a number of decades (18). In fish, and some amphibi- ans, the major cause of mortality from acidification

  18. Ecology 2003 17, 409416

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blaustein, Andrew R.

    changes in habitat quality. For example, toads (Bufo terrestris) in habitats polluted by coal combus- tion coal combustion waste (Hopkins, Mendonca & Cong- don 1997). Bullfrog tadpoles (Rana catesbeiana) from depletion, which is an example of this type of global change, will result in increasing levels of UV

  19. Boreas E licas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHEL Jump to:

  20. Ecological and Geochemical Aspects of Terrestrial Hydrothermal Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forrest, Matthew James

    Yellowstone Ecosystem, A. boreas breed predominantly in geothermalYellowstone Ecosystem, A. boreas breed predominantly in geothermalYellowstone Ecosystem, A. boreas breed predominantly in geothermal

  1. Detection of single photons by toad and mouse rods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reingruber, J; Pahlberg, J; Woodruff, ML; Sampath, AP; Fain, GL; Holcman, D

    2013-01-01

    variability of the single photon responses of mammalian rodtime (sec) Fig. 4. Single-photon response for WT mouse0.40. (B) Twenty single-photon response simulations (black)

  2. Biomechanics and Control of Landing in Toads Gary Gillis,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azizi, Manny

    Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA From the symposium ``Terrestrial Locomotion landing behavior. Introduction Terrestrial locomotion requires organisms to transi- tion from periods of stance is charac- terized by increases in kinetic and potential energy as the body re

  3. In many amphibian genera, including Bufo, Rana and Xenopus, tadpoles hatch at an early `tailbud' stage of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ' stage of development before the mouth has opened and when the nervous system is in a very simple state, their centre of mass was ventral to the muscles in the yolk mass. A simple mathematical model suggests, oriented swimming responses may depend on simple touch reflexes, the organisation of the muscles

  4. Community-based conservation planning: the case of the endangered Houston toad in Bastrop County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allison, Stacey Anne

    2002-01-01

    to Bastrop County CBCP, and demonstrated the importance of skilled facilitation and inclusion of the decision authority. As human/wildlife land use conflicts expand, lessons learned during this process should enable conservationists and regulatory agencies...

  5. HORNY TOADS AND UGLY CHICKENS:A BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TEXAS IN SPECULATIVE FICTION 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Bill

    2010-08-12

    to California. Abshire, Richard and William Clair Dallas area police officers. Gants. Los Angeles: SOS Publishers, 1985. Not seen; supposedly a Dallas homicide detective solves a murder at the urging of the victim's ghost. The Shaman Tree. New... York: St. Martin's Press, 1989. Sequel to Gants. Former police detective who is psychic investigates murders on an East Texas ranch, which is haunted by the spirit of a Caddo Indian. See: Milligan, Bryce, "Murder Victim Solves the Crime...

  6. HORNY TOADS AND UGLY CHICKENS: A BIBLIOGRAPHY ON TEXAS IN SPECULATIVE FICTION 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Bill

    2010-08-24

    to California. Abshire, Richard and William Clair Dallas area police officers. Gants. Los Angeles: SOS Publishers, 1985. Not seen; supposedly a Dallas homicide detective solves a murder at the urging of the victim's ghost. The Shaman Tree. New... York: St. Martin's Press, 1989. Sequel to Gants. Former police detective who is psychic investigates murders on an East Texas ranch, which is haunted by the spirit of a Caddo Indian. See: Milligan, Bryce, "Murder Victim Solves the Crime...

  7. Horny Toads and Ugly Chickens: A Bibliography on Texas in Speculative Fiction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Bill

    2010-08-17

    to California. Abshire, Richard and William Clair Dallas area police officers. Gants. Los Angeles: SOS Publishers, 1985. Not seen; supposedly a Dallas homicide detective solves a murder at the urging of the victim's ghost. The Shaman Tree. New... York: St. Martin's Press, 1989. Sequel to Gants. Former police detective who is psychic investigates murders on an East Texas ranch, which is haunted by the spirit of a Caddo Indian. See: Milligan, Bryce, "Murder Victim Solves the Crime...

  8. Multi-Scale Conservation in an Altered Landscape: The Case of the Endangered Arroyo Toad in Southern California 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treglia, Michael Louis

    2014-07-18

    Sciences have provided valuable assistance during my time at A&M. I am particularly grateful to Shirley Konecny for her help and never-ending kindness. I was lucky to spend the summers of 2011, 2012, and 2013 in San Diego, to conduct field work... as significant threats to multiple taxa (e.g., Schipper et al. 2008, Sodhi et al. 2008, Böhm et al. 2013), and these problems are largely driven by anthropogenic development pressures, both directly and indirectly. Roads, for example, directly replace natural...

  9. Physical and Chemical Data, Boreas Expedition, 27 January - 1 April 1966 (with some data from other parts of the Zetes Expedition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scripps Instititution of Oceanography

    1966-01-01

    E .55 5 .55 5555558 55855 5 0555 555.5 .5 .5353 .5 .5 555.55 5.555555: 55.855 5 0555 555 _5.55s5555 5,551.5 5555 5555 5 .55 5553.5 555555 5 0555 5555 .5 55.555 5 .550 55 55.55

  10. Optimization Principles in Neural Coding and Computation Crick-Jacobs Center Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (1911) classical psychophysical experiments Variability of human responses to dim flashes follows (1970s); "toad cooling" experiments (1980s) #12;These observations pose challenges at many levels

  11. habitat (Native) 57 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10

    Freitas, J. F.j and B?hrnheim, P. F., 1965 d, 57-58, 59 tod: A. pauloi sp. n. Travassos, L.P.j Teixeira de Freitas, J. F.; and B?hrnheim, P. F., 1965 d, 57, 58-59, fig. 1 Ilha N. S. da Conceig?o, baia de Viteria (Oceano Atl?ntico), Estado do Espi... Hyla arborea Rana terrestris R. esculenta R. ridibunda Bufo bufo Natrix natrix Vipera berus Cornelia austriaca [Canis familiaris] [Vulpes vulpes] Ginetsinskaia, T. A.j and Dobrovol'ski?., ?. ?., 1962 a, 57, 66-67 Johnson, A. D., 1968 b, 331...

  12. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.1505 published online 28 September 2011Proc. R. Soc. B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwynne, Darryl T.

    Subject collections (1040 articles; resource advertising; risk shift 1. INTRODUCTION Although searching by males for mates is the primary mode of pair formation in most animals [1,2], in some taxa, such as anurans (frogs and toads) and orthopterans

  13. Escape & Defense I. Interactions with predators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    - threatening defense mechanisms (toxins) Chinese fire-bellied toad see fig. 11.6 Unken reflex #12;4 from Brodie & Janzen, 1995 Plastic snake replicas were used to demonstrate that free-ranging avian predators generalize

  14. Communiqu de presse 10 septembre 2014 Un brochet en France peut en cacher deux autres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    presque deux ans, l'unité de recherche BOREA, en collaboration avec l'Onema, l'Université de Lyon 1, les'Histoire naturelle Flore GOLDHABER ­ 01 40 79 38 00 Samya RAMDANE ­ 01 40 79 54 40 presse@mnhn.fr #12;

  15. Origin of stratified basal ice in outlet glaciers of Vatnaj okull and O rfaj okull, Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Origin of stratified basal ice in outlet glaciers of Vatnaj ¨okull and O¨ ræfaj ¨okull, Iceland, Iceland. Boreas, Vol. 39, pp. 457­470. 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2009.00134.x. ISSN 0300-9483. During the period ice from warm-based outlet glaciers of Vatnaj ¨okull and O¨ ræfaj ¨okull, Iceland, and analysed them

  16. Recognition of micro-scale deformation structures in glacial sediments pattern perception, observer bias and the influence of experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weidemann, Christoph

    Recognition of micro-scale deformation structures in glacial sediments ­ pattern perception structures in glacial sediments ­ pattern perception, observer bias and the influence of experience. Boreas is the micromor- phology of glacial sediments. In this paper we investigate the role of an analyst's experience

  17. 2014 no.21. October 16th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wednesday 19 November ­ 11-12 noon Speaker: Dr Tim Sherratt, Manager, Trove, National Library of Australia Library ­ original residents Ray Barrett and Roxanne with the current head of Toad Dr Ian Walker. Library Library. Many thanks to everyone who assisted Jenn and the team to put up an exhibition featuring many

  18. Talk will be available at Lab Website Google: Skelly Yale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skelly, David Kiernan

    Home Points · Upland Conversion Eliminates Amphibian Populations · Isolation Fosters Extinction · Most.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 Average Light Level (GSF) %WetlandsPresent Most species that can tolerate low light.8 1 Average Light Level (GSF) %WetlandsPresent Marbled Salamander American Toad Closed Canopy

  19. TARGET SPECIES Table 1. Terrestrial target species.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that have only one or a very few number of key ecological functions. Functional specialist species could = Critical functional link species, species that are the only ones that perform a specific ecological Merganser Boreal Toad Wolverine FS Horned Grebe Long-toed Salamander CFLS BIRDS House Finch CFLS Northern

  20. Recreation Adjustment Plan nets positive results Springfield project helps modernize process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Russellville DARDANELLE Pope Dardanelle L & D Arthur V. Ormond L & D Conway Conway Faulkner Toad Suck Ferry L & D Lake Conway Perry Lake Maumelle Pulaski Little Rock Mu rray L & D Davi d D. Terry L & D White;2 In This Issue: Project Update Little Rock Key Projects Project and issue updates

  1. BIOL 507 PROJECT REPORT High-Resolution 3D Reconstruction of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BIOL 507 PROJECT REPORT High-Resolution 3D Reconstruction of the Surface of Live Early-Stage Toad. The specimen profile often covers more than attained depth-of-field. #12;BIOL 507 Microscopy Project Report. SIGNATURE Xiaodong Zhong Department of Biomedical Engineering Dec 8, 2005 #12;BIOL 507 Microscopy Project

  2. Amphibian Conservation Action Plan Proceedings: IUCN/SSC Amphibian Conservation Summit 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgia, University of

    -2-8317-1008-2 Cover photo: Male Mallorcan midwife toad, Alytes muletensis, with eggs. As a result of a successful recovery program, this species was downlisted two categories from Critically Endangered to Vulnerable in 2005. Photo: Richard A. Griffiths, DICE, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK. Layout by: Glenda Fabregas

  3. 9/4/12 Tigers and humans can coexist, says study 1/4news.mongabay.com/2012/0904-tigers-people-coexist.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at night and less active during the day, when human activities peak," explained a statement released Endangered species in charts Key mammals dying off in rainforest fragments Photos: Rainforests to palm oil Africa Saving orangutans in Borneo Palm oil Amazon palm oil Future of the Amazon Cane toads Dubai

  4. ORIGINAL PAPER F. Libersat G. Haspel J. Casagrand K. Fouad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Libersat, Frederic

    . Because the escape responses elicited by a wind stimulus in brainless and sham-operated animals were stereotypic behavior. In nature, a common stimulus is the tiny wind gust produced during the strike of a predator such as a toad (Camhi 1984). However, depending on the behavioral context, the same wind stimulus

  5. Internalizing Native American History: Comprehending Cherokee and Muscogulge Identities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haggard, Dixie Ray

    2000-09-01

    , Fall 2000 11 Oneida, Cayuga, and Seneca) held a set number of seats in the Grand Council of the Five Nations. The Grand Council served as the body that set policy for the league as a whole. Thus, each clan maintained a direct voice in the decisions... whose names, according to Morgan, persisted into the mid-nineteenth century were the Wolf, Bear, Skunk, Alligator, Deer, Bird, Tiger, Wind, Toad, Mole, Fox, Raccoon, Fish, Corn, Potato, Hickory Nut, Salt, and Wild Cat. Since Morgan assumed that all...

  6. Ritual, Mimesis and the Animal World in Early China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sterckx, Roel

    2014-01-01

    ’ sensory prescience of thunder, rain, lightning or earthquakes (Huainanzi, 10.337, 18.618, 20.663). Zhang Heng's (AD 78-139) 20 famous bronze seismograph illustrates the idea. It allegedly had an outer surface that was decorated with designs... of mountains, turtles, birds and beasts. A bronze ball dropping from a dragon mouth into a toad underneath indicated a movement of the earth. The choice of reptiles and amphibians on the domed cover and body of the seismograph was inspired by the idea...

  7. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 18 Number 2 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1982-01-01

    . The higher education is favoured among the willing. Marriage cere­ mony is simple and still as in their remote past based on the idea of dignity of labour, rather than the romantic alliances. A bridegroom in order to prove his worth has to render hard... of roots, pork, flesh of monkies, toads, fish and corn. They are fond of rice also. They prefer pork fat to any other oil. Both men and women drink 'CH[', an intoxicant prepared from millet, Lepcha Costume During the primitive stages of development...

  8. The Lepchas of Sikkim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nirash, Nita

    1982-01-01

    of labour, rather than the romantic alliances. A bridegroom in order to prove his worth has to render hard labour in the cardamom field at least for a year and before getting married is expected to live with the girl's parents. The bride price is claimed... Observer, 19aZ. ( 20 ) Food habit of the Lepchas The Lepchas are still as in the remote past fond of roots, pork, flesh of monkies, toads, fish and corn. They are fond of rice also. They prefer pork fat to any other oil. Both men and women drink 'CH...

  9. Inheritance of resistance to Helminthosporium blight, crown rust race 216, stem rust race 7A and certain agronomic characters in oats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivers, George William

    1957-01-01

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