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1

Bioavailability of TNT residues in composts of TNT-contaminated soil  

SciTech Connect

Composting is being explored as a means to remediate 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) contaminated soils. This process appears to modify TNT and to bind it to organic matter. The health hazards associated with dusts generated from such materials cannot be predicted without knowing if the association between TNT residues and compost particulate is stable in biological systems. To address this question, single doses of [{sup 14}C]-TNT, soil spiked with [{sup 14C]-TNT, or compost generated with [{sup 14}C]-TNT-spiked soils were administered to rats by intratracheal instillation. The appearance of {sup 14}C in urine and tissues was taken as an indication of the bioavailability of TNT residues from compost particles. In rats instilled with neat [{sup 14}C]-TNT, about 35% of the {sup 14}C dose appeared in urine within 3 d. The {sup 14}C excreted in urine by these rats decreased rapidly thereafter, and was undetectable by 4 wk after treatment. Similar results were obtained with soil-treated rats. In contrast, after treatment with [{sup 14}C]-TNT-labeled compost, only 2.3% of the total {sup 14}C dose appeared in urine during the first 3 d. Low levels of {sup 14}C continued to be excreted in urine from compost-treated rats for more than 6 mo, and the total amount of {sup 14}C in urine was comparable to that in TNT-treated animals. Determination of the radiolabel in tissues showed that {sup 14}C accumulated in the kidneys of rats treated with labeled compost but not in rats treated with [{sup 14}C]-TNT or [{sup 14}C]-TNT-spiked soil. These results indicate that the association between TNT and particulate matter in compost is not stable when introduced into the lungs. Accumulation of {sup 14}C in kidneys suggests the presence of a unique TNT residue in compost-treated rats. The rate of excretion and tissue disposition of {sup 14}}C in rats treated with TNT-spiked soil indicate that TNT in soil is freely available in the lungs. 12 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Palmer, W.G. [Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD (United States); Beaman, J.R. [Geo-centers, Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD (United States); Walters, D.M.; Creasia, D.A. [Army Research Institute for Infectious Diseases, Frederick, MD (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Bioaugmentation of TNT-contaminated soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microbial transformation of trinitrotoluene (TNT) in phics. contaminated soil was investigated in this research. A Bacillus sp., isolated from soil obtained from an army ammunition facility, was used to enhance the rate of TNT removal over a 360 day test period. The soil treatments in this study included: (1) the Bacillus sp., (2) the existing indigenous microorganisms, and (3) a sterile control. The disappearance of TNT, as measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), was compared to the reduction in mutagenic activity of hexane:acetone solvent extracts, as measured in the Salmonella/microsome assay with the histidine requiring TA98 tester strain. The results indicated a similar TNT removal rate in all three treatments. The TNT in the microbial treatments started at approximately 47[]13 mg g[] soil. By day 360, this concentration was reduced to 28[]10 mg g soil in the Bacillus sp the indigenous microbial treatment. The sterile control treatment and 26[]8 mg g[] which was reduced to 22[]2 started with a day 0 TNT concentration of 31[]6 mg g [] day 360. This represented a disappearance of between 30-40% of the g [] y original TNT in all three treatments. The reduction in mutagenicity, as indicated by weighted activity calculations, differed between the microbial treatments and the sterile control. A 50-60% reduction was observed in the microbial treatments. In the boxes treated with the addition of the Bacillus sp. the weighted activity at a dose of 16 :g/plate started at 49[]13 net revenants per microgram solvent extract on microgram after 360 days. The solvent extracts from soil treated with indigenous microorganisms went from a weighted activity of 47[]15 net revenants per microgram on day 0 to 17[]5 on day 360. The sterile control did not reduce mutagenicity by any appreciable amount. The day 0 weighted activity was measured to be 44[]11 net revenants per microgram solvent extract and on day 360 it was 50[]1 . The TNT concentrations in the sterile control samples were lowest throughout the study however, the mutagenicity was highest.

Bokelmann, Annamarie

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

View  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 27, 2011 ... Cost Horizons and Certainty Equivalents: An Approach to Stochastic Programming of Heating Oil. Management Science, 4(3):253–. 263, 1958.

4

September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense | OSTI, US Dept  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense SMART BRIDGE: A tool for estimating the military load classification of bridges using varying levels of information Van Groningen, C.N.; Paddock, R.A. (1997) 34 Left-Wing Extremism: The Current Threat Karl A. Seger (2001) 28 The Elusive Coefficients of Thermal Expansion in PBX 9502 C.B. Skidmore; T.A. Butler; C.W. Sandoval (2003) 28 Background chemistry for chemical warfare agents and decontamination processes in support of delisting waste streams at the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground, Utah Rosenblatt, D.H.; Small, M.J.; Kimmell, T.A.; Anderson, A.W. (1996) 27 MineSeis -- A MATLAB{reg_sign} GUI program to calculate synthetic seismograms from a linear, multi-shot blast source model Yang, X. (1998) 26 Comments on TNT Equivalence

5

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense | OSTI, US Dept of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense Vapor-liquid equilibria for nitric acid-water and plutonium nitrate-nitric acid-water solutions Maimoni, A. (1980) 95 SMART BRIDGE: A tool for estimating the military load classification of bridges using varying levels of information Van Groningen, C.N.; Paddock, R.A. (1997) 69 LLNL small-scale drop-hammer impact sensitivity test Simpson, L.R.; Foltz, M.F. (1995) 67 Comments on TNT Equivalence Cooper, P.W. (1994) 66 Background chemistry for chemical warfare agents and decontamination processes in support of delisting waste streams at the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground, Utah Rosenblatt, D.H.; Small, M.J.; Kimmell, T.A.; Anderson, A.W. (1996) 65 Weapon container catalog. Volumes 1 & 2 Brown, L.A.; Higuera, M.C. (1998)

6

Field Demonstration of Acetone Pretreatment and Composting of Particulate-TNT-Contaminated Soil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solid fragments of explosives in soil are common in explosives testing and training areas. In this study we initially sieved the upper 6 in of contaminated soil through a 3-mm mesh, and found 2, 4, 6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) fragments. These contributed to an estimated concentration of 1.7 kg per cubic yard soil, or for 2000 ppm TNT in the soil. Most of the fragments ranged 4 mm to 10 mm diameter in size, but explosives particles weighing up to 56 g (about 4 cm diameter) were frequently observed. An acetone pretreatment/composting system was then demonstrated at field scale. The amount of acetone required for a TNT-dissolving slurry process was controlled by the viscosity of the soil/acetone mix rather than the TNT dissolution rate. The amount needed was estimated at about 55 gallons acetone per cubic yard soil. Smaller, 5- to 10-mm-diameter fragments went into solution in less than 15 min at a mixer speed of 36 rpm, with a minimum of 2 g TNT going into solution per 30 min for the larger chunks. The slurries were than mixed with compost starting materials and composted in a vented 1 yd3 container. After 34 days incubation time TNT was below the site-specific regulatory threshold of 44 ppm. TNT metabolites and acetone were also below their regulatory thresholds established for the site.

Radtke, Corey William; Smith, D.; Owen, S.; Roberto, Francisco Figueroa

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Honey bees (Apis mellifera) as explosives detectors: exploring proboscis extension reflex conditioned response to trinitrotolulene (TNT)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examined honey bee's associative learning response to conditioning with trinitrotolulene (TNT) vapor concentrations generated at three temperatures and their ability to be reconditioned after a 24 h period. We used classical conditioning of the proboscis extension (PER) in honey bees using TNT vapors as the conditioned stimulus and sucrose as the unconditioned stimulus. We conducted fifteen experimental trials with an explosives vapor generator set at 43 C, 25 C and 5 C, producing three concentrations of explosives (1070 ppt, 57 ppt, and 11 ppt). Our objective was to test the honey bee's ability to exhibit a conditioned response to TNT vapors at all three concentrations by comparing the mean percentage of honey bees successfully exhibiting a conditioned response within each temperature group. Furthermore, we conducted eight experimental trials to test the honey bee's ability to retain their ability to exhibit a conditioned response to TNT after 24h period by comparing the mean percentage of honey bees with a conditioned response TNT on the first day compared to the percentage of honey bees with a conditioned response to TNT on the second day. Results indicate that there was no significant difference between the mean percentage of honey bees with a conditioned response to TNT vapors between three temperature groups. There was a significant difference between the percentage of honey bees exhibiting conditioned response on the first day of training compared to the percentage of honey bees exhibiting conditioned response 24 h after training. Our experimental results indicate that honey bees can be trained to exhibit a conditioned response to a range of TNT concentrations via PER However, it appears that the honey bee's ability to retain the conditioned response to TNT vapors after 24h significantly decreases.

Taylor-mccabe, Kirsten J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wingo, Robert M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Haarmann, Timothy K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Conformity or Equivalent Diameter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...7(a), at left) and two external (Fig. 7(b), at right). The equations for the equivalent diameter, DE, are given in Fig. 7 for both modes. The equivalent diameter is the size of wheel that

9

NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By:...

10

Efficiency of Equivalence Algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper was first presented at the Symposium on Complexity of Computer Computations, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York, on March 22, 1972. The equivalence problem is to determine the ...

Fischer, Michael J.

1972-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Core equivalence in economy for modal logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate a pure exchange economy under uncertainty with emphasis on the logical point of view; the traders are assumed to have a multi-modal logic with non-partitional information structures.We propose a generalized notion of rational expectations ... Keywords: core equivalence theorem, ex-post core, multi-modal logic, pure exchange economy under reflexive information structure, rational expectations equilibrium

Takashi Matsuhisa

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity Aur´elien Alvarez and Damien Gaboriau February 18, 2009 Abstract We study the analogue in orbit equivalence of free product decomposition and free indecomposability for countable groups. We introduce the (orbit equivalence invariant

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

13

Plutonium 239 Equivalency Calculations  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the basis for converting actual weapons grade plutonium mass to a plutonium equivalency (PuE) mass of Plutonium 239. The conversion can be accomplished by performing calculations utilizing either: (1) Isotopic conversions factors (CF{sub isotope}), or (2) 30-year-old weapons grade conversion factor (CF{sub 30 yr}) Both of these methods are provided in this document. Material mass and isotopic data are needed to calculate PuE using the isotopic conversion factors, which will provide the actual PuE value at the time of calculation. PuE is the summation of the isotopic masses times their associated isotopic conversion factors for plutonium 239. Isotopic conversion factors are calculated by a normalized equation, relative to Plutonium 239, of specific activity (SA) and cumulated dose inhalation affects based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). The isotopic conversion factors for converting weapons grade plutonium to PuE are provided in Table-1. The unit for specific activity (SA) is curies per gram (Ci/g) and the isotopic SA values come from reference [1]. The cumulated dose inhalation effect values in units of rem/Ci are based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). A person irradiated by gamma radiation outside the body will receive a dose only during the period of irradiation. However, following an intake by inhalation, some radionuclides persist in the body and irradiate the various tissues for many years. There are three groups CEDE data representing lengths of time of 0.5 (D), 50 (W) and 500 (Y) days, which are in reference [2]. The CEDE values in the (W) group demonstrates the highest dose equivalent value; therefore they are used for the calculation.

Wen, J

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

14

The Equivalence Principle Revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A precise formulation of the strong Equivalence Principle is essential to the understanding of the relationship between gravitation and quantum mechanics. The relevant aspects are reviewed in a context including General Relativity, but allowing for the presence of torsion. For the sake of brevity, a concise statement is proposed for the Principle: "An ideal observer immersed in a gravitational field can choose a reference frame in which gravitation goes unnoticed". This statement is given a clear mathematical meaning through an accurate discussion of its terms. It holds for ideal observers (time-like smooth non-intersecting curves), but not for real, spatially extended observers. Analogous results hold for gauge fields. The difference between gravitation and the other fundamental interactions comes from their distinct roles in the equation of force.

R. Aldrovandi; P. B. Barros; J. G. Pereira

2002-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

15

Conversion factors for energy equivalents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Conversion factors for energy equivalents, For your convenience, you may convert energies online below. Or display factors as: ...

16

An evaluation of the environmental fate and behavior of munitions materiel (tetryl and polar metabolites of TNT) in soil and plant systems. Preliminary evaluation of TNT-polar metabolites in plants  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary study was conducted to elucidate the nature of the polar metabolites reported for plant tissues and xylem exudates following root accumulation of trinitrotoluene. Studies focused on the nature of the proposed conjugates of TNT-residues in xylem exudates of bush beam plants. Use of enzymatic methods failed to demonstrate that the conjugates were carbohydrate based, but acid hydrolysis indicated that the conjugates may be protein based. Of the five polar conjugates isolated from exudates, the presence of aminodinitrotoluene isomers and one unknown TNT residue was demonstrated.

Fellows, R.J.; Harvey, S.D.; Cataldo, D.A.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 930,320 953,451 1,024,082 1,066,366 1,134,473 1,250,340 1930-2012 Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2011 Alabama 19,831 17,222 17,232 19,059 17,271 1969-2011 Alaska 26,332 24,337 22,925 20,835 21,554 21,470 1969-2012 Arkansas 162 139 168 213 268 424 1967-2012 California 13,521 13,972 13,722 13,244 12,095 12,755 1967-2012 Colorado 38,180 53,590 67,607 82,637 90,801 1967-2011 Florida 132 22 0 0 0 0 1968-2012 Illinois 48 42 31 345 1,043 0 1967-2012 Indiana 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2012

18

HQFMSP Chapter 16, Equivalencies and Exemptions | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, Equivalencies and Exemptions HQFMSP Chapter 16, Equivalencies and Exemptions October 2013 2013 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 16, Equivalencies and...

19

Equivalence between therm and gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the notion of thermal entropy density, and first demonstrated that there exists an equivalence between therm and gravity without depending on the definition of temperature or horizon. This equivalence indicates that gravity possesses thermal features, or, therm possesses effects of gravity. This may shed light on the nature of gravity.

Yang, Rong-Jia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

UCRL-JC-1197l5 PREPRINT HUMAN HEALTH RISKS FROM TNT, RDX, and HMX  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

197l5 197l5 PREPRINT HUMAN HEALTH RISKS FROM TNT, RDX, and HMX IN ENVIRONMENTAL MEDIA AND CONSIDERATION OF THE U.S. REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT Jeffrey I. Daniels John P. Knezovich This paper was pre ared for submittal to the Luxembourg, Luxembourg November 14-16,1994 Procee ap ings Demil '94 December 1994 Thisis apreprintof apaperintendedfor publicationin a journal orproceedings. Since changes may be made before publication, this preprint is made available with the understanding that it will not be cited or reproduced without the permission of the author. ~ T WSTRIBUTION OF THIS DOCUMENT tS UNLlMfTEa

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Basis of conversion factors for energy equivalents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Basis of conversion factors for energy equivalents Conversion factors for energy equivalents are derived from the following relations: ...

22

Conversion factors for energy equivalents: All factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Conversion factors for energy equivalents Return to online conversions. Next page of energy equivalents. Definition of uncertainty ...

23

Conversion factors for energy equivalents: All factors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Previous page of energy equivalents. Definition of uncertainty notation eg, 123(45) | Basis of conversion factors for energy equivalents. Top. ...

24

Empirical characterization of oil-shale cratering experiments. [RDX, ANFO, PETN, TNT  

SciTech Connect

Numerous small- and intermediate-size cratering experiments have been conducted in Piceance Creek Basin oil shale at the Colony and Anvil Points oil shale mines near Rifle, Colorado. The purpose of these experiments was to evaluate scaling as a tool to infer the behavior of large-scale tests from small-scale experiments, to calibrate the hydrodynamic computer codes used to model explosive fragmentation of oil shale, and to investigate the influence of bedding plane orientation, natural joints, fractures, and the grade of oil shale on rock fragmentation. The small tests were made using PETN and RDX explosive with charge sizes of a few grams. The intermediate-sized tests used ANFO or TNT explosives with charge sizes of 5 to 100 kg. Crater dimensions were measured on all experiments. Crater volumes were calculated from screened rubble volumes on the intermediate-scale experiments and measured directly on the small-scale experiments. Fragment size distributions were measured on most of the intermediate-sized tests and on several of the small-scale experiments. The analyses of these cratering data show: (1) small-scale cratering tests can be used to qualitatively predict the kinds of geologic interactions that will influence a larger-scale experiment; (2) the site specific geology plays a dominant role in the formation of the crater; (3) small flaws and fractures influence crater development and particle size distributions in small-scale craters in the same manner that joint and fracture systems influence intermediate-scale experiments; (4) complex site geology causes increases in the critical and optimum depths of burial and changes the symmetry of the crater; and (5) small- and intermediate-scale cratering experiments can be used to calibrate hydrodynamic computer codes if great care is used to identify the effect of site specific geology. 15 figures, 6 tables.

Edwards, C.L.; Craig, J.L.; Lombardo, K.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Snow water equivalent estimation using blackbox optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 23, 2011 ... Abstract: Accurate measurements of snow water equivalent (SWE) is an ... managing water resources for hydroelectric power generation.

26

Property:Equivalent URI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equivalent URI Equivalent URI Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI is a special property in Semantic MediaWiki with a built-in meaning: it marks a page in the wiki as having a well-known meaning beyond this wiki, in an external URI. For example an extension to the Semantic MediaWiki extension might introduce its own property, and all wikis should use the same equivalent URI for it. In RDF Export the "Equivalent URI" special property exports as owl:sameAs. Pages using the property "Equivalent URI" This property is a special property in this wiki. Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2010 Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada: Third Edition + http://cleanenergysolutions.org/content/2010-carbon-sequestration-atlas-united-states-and-canada-third-edition +

27

Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard Competencies12/12/1995 Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard Competencies12/12/1995 Defense Programs has undertaken an effort to compare the competencies in the General Technical Base Qualification Standard and the Functional Area Qualification Standards with various positions in the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program and the commercial nuclear industry. The purpose of this effort is to determine if equivalencies can be granted for competencies based on previous training and experience in these areas. The equivalency crosswalk was developed by subject matter experts who held positions in the Navy and/or the commercial nuclear power program. To date, equivalencies have been

28

Snow water equivalent estimation using blackbox optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2011 ... Abstract: Accurate measurements of snow water equivalent (SWE) is an important factor in managing water resources for hydroelectric power ...

29

Chapter_16_Equivalencies_and_Exemptions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for requesting and approving "equivalencies and exemptions" to the requirements in DOE directives. These categories are defined in the Headquarters (HQ) Implementation...

30

Brief Equivalence of hybrid dynamical models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper establishes equivalences among five classes of hybrid systems: mixed logical dynamical (MLD) systems, linear complementarity (LC) systems, extended linear complementarity (ELC) systems, piecewise affine (PWA) systems, and max-min-plus-scaling ... Keywords: Equivalent models, Hybrid systems, Piecewise affine systems

W. P. M. H. Heemels; B. De Schutter; A. Bemporad

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality  

SciTech Connect

We ventilate buildings to provide acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). Ventilation standards (such as American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Enginners [ASHRAE] Standard 62) specify minimum ventilation rates without taking into account the impact of those rates on IAQ. Innovative ventilation management is often a desirable element of reducing energy consumption or improving IAQ or comfort. Variable ventilation is one innovative strategy. To use variable ventilation in a way that meets standards, it is necessary to have a method for determining equivalence in terms of either ventilation or indoor air quality. This study develops methods to calculate either equivalent ventilation or equivalent IAQ. We demonstrate that equivalent ventilation can be used as the basis for dynamic ventilation control, reducing peak load and infiltration of outdoor contaminants. We also show that equivalent IAQ could allow some contaminants to exceed current standards if other contaminants are more stringently controlled.

Sherman, Max; Walker, Iain; Logue, Jennifer

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

SOME EQUIVALENCES FOR MARTIN’S AXIOM IN ASYMMETRIC TOPOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We find some statements in the language of asymmetric topology and continuous partial orders which are equivalent to the statements ? Martin’s Axiom has many equivalent statements, consequences, and variations in the literature which can be stated in topological terms. Most of the treatments we have seen so far from set-theoretic topologists assume that spaces are Hausdorff. In view of recent interest in asymmetric topology, in which even T1 spaces are a highly symmetric special case, we give some equivalences for Martin’s Axiom which utilize the terms of this field. Our reference for properties related to Martin’s Axiom is [2], and for properties related to continuous lattices we referred to [6]. Definition 1. A partially ordered set (P, ?) is upwards-ccc if any uncountable subset of P must have two distinct members which have a common upper bound in P. The cardinal m is the least cardinal such that there exists a non-empty upwards-ccc partially ordered set (P, ?) and a collection {D? | ? Martin’s Axiom of the title is the statement m = c. Definition 2. A topological space is ccc if any uncountable collection of open sets has two distinct members which are not disjoint. A space is locally compact if every open set contains a compact neighborhood of each of its

Bruce S. Burdick

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

On Formulas for Equivalent Potential Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several new formulas for pseudoadiabatic equivalent potential temperature (EPT) are devised and compared to previous ones. The maximum errors of all the formulas are determined from calculations on a dense grid of points in the region of a ...

Robert Davies-Jones

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Models of translational equivalence among words  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parallel texts (bitexts) have properties that distinguish them from other kinds of parallel data. First, most words translate to only one other word. Second, bitext correspondence is typically only partial---many words in each text have no clear equivalent ...

I. Dan Melamed

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The Computation of Equivalent Potential Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simplified procedure is described for computation of equivalent potential temperature which remains valid in situations such as in the tropics where a term which is omitted in the derivation of the conventional formula can lead to an error of ...

David Bolton

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Decidability and Coincidence of Equivalences for Concurrency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are two fundamental problems concerning equivalence relations in con-currency. One is: for which system classes is a given equivalence decidable? The second is: when do two equivalences coincide? Two well-known equivalences are history preserving bisimilarity (hpb) and hereditary history preserving bisimi-larity (hhpb). These are both ‘independence ’ equivalences: they reflect causal dependencies between events. Hhpb is obtained from hpb by adding a ‘back-tracking ’ requirement. This seemingly small change makes hhpb computationally far harder: hpb is well-known to be decidable for finite-state systems, whereas the decidability of hhpb has been a renowned open problem for several years; only recently it has been shown undecidable. The main aim of this thesis is to gain insights into the decidability problem for hhpb, and to analyse when it coincides with hpb; less technically, we might say, to analyse the power of the interplay between concurrency, causality, and conflict. We first examine the backtracking condition, and see that it has two dimen-

Sibylle Fröschle

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

View-Augmented Abstractions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces view-augmented abstractions, which specialize an underlying numeric domain to focus on a particular expression or set of expressions. A view-augmented abstraction adds a set of materialized views to the original domain. View augmentation ... Keywords: Numeric abstract domains, abstract-interpretation precision, view maintenance

Matt Elder; Denis Gopan; Thomas Reps

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Instability of Equivalent-Barotropic Riders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown, by the integration of numerical initial-value problems, that modon-with-rider solutions to the equivalent barotropic equation are unstable in the parametric range relevant to Gulf Stream rings. The fastest growing mode is found to ...

Mark Swenson

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

THE NEW WIND CHILL EQUIVALENT TEMPERATURE CHART  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formula used in the U.S. and Canada to express the combined effect of wind and low temperature on how cold it feels was changed in November 2001. Many had felt that the old formula for equivalent temperature, derived in the 1960s from Siple ...

Randall Osczevski; Maurice Bluestein

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

CALIFORNIA IGETC EQUIVALENCIES TO BINGHAMTON UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA IGETC EQUIVALENCIES TO BINGHAMTON UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK GENERAL of courses that prospective transfer students attending California Community Colleges may complete to satisfy the lower-division breadth and general education requirements at both the University of California

Suzuki, Masatsugu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

CP Violation, Neutral Currents, and Weak Equivalence  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Within the past few months two excellent summaries of the state of our knowledge of the weak interactions have been presented. Correspondingly, we will not attempt a comprehensive review but instead concentrate this discussion on the status of CP violation, the question of the neutral currents, and the weak equivalence principle.

Fitch, V. L.

1972-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

42

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Gasoline Gallon Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) Definition

43

Illinois Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

44

Oklahoma Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

45

Tennessee Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Tennessee Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

46

Florida Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Florida Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

47

Ohio Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

48

Wyoming Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Wyoming Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

49

Montana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Montana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

50

Nebraska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Nebraska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

51

Utah Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Utah Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

52

Indiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Indiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

53

Alaska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

54

West Virginia Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) West Virginia Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

55

Kansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Kansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

56

Equivalence between executable OOZE and algebraic specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper two algorithms are presented: one which turns an executable OOZE specification into an algebraic specification and another which does the reverse operation. In this way, we shall be able to prove in a constructive way that executable OOZE and algebraic specification are equivalent and that, generally speaking, state-based specification is equivalent to to algebraic specification. We shall discuss whether these results can be made to cover other object-oriented Z dialects. 1 Introduction Formal methods are a constant subject of research within the field of Software Engineering. They have been being developed since the mid 70's, and are nowadays beginning to be applied in industry (see [Hal90]) and are expected to become a most favourable tool for saving the time and effort which is spent in the development of applications. This very same objective is shared by object-oriented programming. This new style of programming, which helps to reduce costs during the development pr...

Vicent-Ramon Palasi Lallana

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Kinetic Energy and the Equivalence Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the general theory of relativity, kinetic energy contributes to gravitational mass. Surprisingly, the observational evidence for this prediction does not seem to be discussed in the literature. I reanalyze existing experimental data to test the equivalence principle for the kinetic energy of atomic electrons, and show that fairly strong limits on possible violations can be obtained. I discuss the relationship of this result to the occasional claim that ``light falls with twice the acceleration of ordinary matter.''

S. Carlip

1999-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

58

Quantal Definition of the Weak Equivalence Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present work analyzes the meaning of the Weak Equivalence Principle in the context of quantum mechanics. A quantal definition for this principle is introduced. This definition does not require the concept of trajectory and relies upon the phase shift induced by a gravitational field in the context of a quantum interference experiment of two coherent beams of particles. In other words, it resorts to wave properties of the system and not to classical concepts as the idea of trajectory.

Abel Camacho; Arturo Camacho-Guardian

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

59

Quantum mechanics from an equivalence principle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors show that requiring diffeomorphic equivalence for one-dimensional stationary states implies that the reduced action S{sub 0} satisfies the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation with the Planck constant playing the role of a covariantizing parameter. The construction shows the existence of a fundamental initial condition which is strictly related to the Moebius symmetry of the Legendre transform and to its involutive character. The universal nature of the initial condition implies the Schroedinger equation in any dimension.

Faraggi, A.E. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Inst. for Fundamental Theory; Matone, M. [Univ. of Padova (Italy)

1997-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

User_ViewRecords  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

User Records User Records © 2011 SuccessFactors, Inc. - 1 - SuccessFactors Learning Confidential. All rights reserved. Job Aid: Viewing User Records Purpose The purpose of this job aid is to guide users through the step-by-step process of viewing their records. Each task demonstrates viewing of different records. Task A. View To-Do List Enter the web address (URL) of the user application into your browser Address field and press the Enter key. Enter your user ID in the User ID textbox. Enter your password in the Password textbox. Click Sign In. View To-Do List (filter, view) 7 Steps Task A View Completed Work 8 Steps Task B View Curriculum Status and Details 11 Steps Task C 3 3 1 2 2 1 SuccessFactors Learning v 6.4 User Job Aid Viewing User Records

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Realistic Carbon Equivalent for Underwater Welding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon equivalent (CE) formulas have been used for many years to provide a general idea of the weldability of steels. These formulas reduce the significant composition variables to a single number or CE that is calculated from the base metal composition and includes no other variables. The current American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) code case N-516-2 specifies an equation to be used for calculating the CE. It additionally states that if all the elements required for the formula are not listed...

2002-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

62

Equivalence of three-dimensional spacetimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A solution to the equivalence problem in three-dimensional gravity is given and a practically useful method to obtain a coordinate invariant description of local geometry is presented. The method is a nontrivial adaptation of Karlhede invariant classification of spacetimes of general relativity. The local geometry is completely determined by the curvature tensor and a finite number of its covariant derivatives in a frame where the components of the metric are constants. The results are presented in the framework of real two-component spinors in three-dimensional spacetimes, where the algebraic classifications of the Ricci and Cotton-York spinors are given and their isotropy groups and canonical forms are determined. As an application we discuss Goedel-type spacetimes in three-dimensional General Relativity. The conditions for local space and time homogeneity are derived and the equivalence of three-dimensional Goedel-type spacetimes is studied and the results are compared with previous works on four-dimensional Goedel-type spacetimes.

F. C. Sousa; J. B. Fonseca; C. Romero

2007-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

63

Transactional process views  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To enable effective interorganisational collaborations, process providers have to disclose relevant parts of their local business processes in public process views. A public process view has to be consistent with the underlying private process. Local ...

Rik Eshuis; Jochem Vonk; Paul Grefen

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Chemical turbulence equivalent to Nikolavskii turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find evidence that a certain class of reaction-diffusion systems can exhibit chemical turbulence equivalent to Nikolaevskii turbulence. The distinctive characteristic of this type of turbulence is that it results from the interaction of weakly stable long-wavelength modes and unstable short-wavelength modes. We indirectly study this class of reaction-diffusion systems by considering an extended complex Ginzburg-Landau (CGL) equation that was previously derived from this class of reaction-diffusion systems. First, we show numerically that the power spectrum of this CGL equation in a particular regime is qualitatively quite similar to that of the Nikolaevskii equation. Then, we demonstrate that the Nikolaevskii equation can in fact be obtained from this CGL equation through a phase reduction procedure applied in the neighborhood of a codimension-two Turing--Benjamin-Feir point.

Dan Tanaka

2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

65

Tracer Equivalent Latitude: A Diagnostic Tool for Isentropic Transport Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Area equivalent latitude based on potential vorticity (PV) is a widely used diagnostic for isentropic transport in the stratosphere and upper troposphere. Here, an alternate method for calculating equivalent latitude is explored, namely, a ...

Douglas R. Allen; Noboru Nakamura

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Local Equivalence of Rank-Two Quantum Mixed States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the equivalence of quantum mixed states under local unitary transformations. For a class of rank-two mixed states, a sufficient and necessary condition of local equivalence is obtained by giving a complete set of invariants under local unitary transformations, such that two states in this class are locally equivalent if and only if all these invariants have equal values for them.

Sergio Albeverio; Shao-Ming Fei; Debashish Goswami

2007-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

67

Joint spacing criterion for equivalent continuum model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project is investigating the feasibility of the disposal of high-level radioactive waste in the unsaturated Topopah Spring formation. The Topopah Spring formation is a heavily fractured, predominantly vertically jointed, welded tuff, and the potential disposal area is cut by the Ghost Dance fault and bounded by several other faults structures. The joints in the tuff and the faults may have an impact on the emplacement drift or borehole stability, as well as on the movement of fluids through the rock mass. The design of the repository drifts and layout, the waste emplacement scheme, and the thermomechanical performance of the rock mass will be analyzed using various numerical models. These models may be based on different assumptions regarding the representation of the fracture behavior under given applied stresses, and will range from discrete models where individual mechanically active fractures are treated distinctly, to continuum models where the joint behavior is smeared over a representative volume. There is always the question of applicability of a model with respect to a given material domain to be analyzed. For the mechanical analysis of the rock mass response around a repository drift, the applicability of an equivalent continuum model is dependent on the joint spacing in the rock mass. Considering the joint spacings that may be encountered at the potential repository site, a ratio of joint spacing to the planned drift diameter may be adopted as a criterion for evaluating the applicability of the Compliant Joint Model (CJM) in the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project. In this paper, this criterion is established by reviewing basic continuum concepts and numerical approximation implications used to build the CJM and by examining rock mass conditions that may be encountered at the potential Yucca Mountain repository site.

Tsai, F.C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

Translation equivalents for health/medical terminology in Xitsonga.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A comparative study of translation equivalents for health/medical terminology in Xitsonga was conducted. The research involved studying a selection of terms from a glossary (the… (more)

Mabasa, Tirhani Abigail

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard Competencies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 1995 2, 1995 MEMORANDUM FOR Distribution FROM: Thomas W. Evans Technical Personnel Program Coordinator SUBJECT: Defense Program Equivalencies for Technical Qualification Standard Competencies Defense Programs has undertaken an effort to compare the competencies in the General Technical Base Qualification Standard and the Functional Area Qualification Standards with various positions in the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program and the commercial nuclear industry. The purpose of this effort is to determine if equivalencies can be granted for competencies based on previous training and experience in these areas. The equivalency crosswalk was developed by subject matter experts who held positions in the Navy and/or the commercial nuclear power program. To date, equivalencies have been

70

,"Tennessee Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Tennessee Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2012...

71

,"U.S. Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Bcf)",1,"Monthly","92013" ,"Release...

72

,"New Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release...

73

,"Arkansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arkansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release...

74

,"Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release...

75

,"Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release...

76

Optimization Online - Asymptotic equivalence and Kobayashi-type ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 13, 2008 ... Asymptotic equivalence and Kobayashi-type estimates for nonautonomous monotone operators in Banach spaces. F Alvarez (falvarez ***at*** ...

77

Package Equivalent Reactor Networks as Reduced Order Models for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Package Equivalent Reactor Networks as Reduced Order Models for Use with CAPE-Open Compliant Simulations Description The Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology...

78

Taking the long view  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Taking the long view Taking the long view Taking the long view on environmental stewardship A newly articulated mission for environmental stewardship at the Laboratory can be summed up in a simple phrase: clean up the past, control current operations, and create a sustainable future. March 20, 2012 Los Alamos Aerial Aerial view of a canyon in Los Alamos, New Mexico. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Outreach P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email "The future viability of the Lab hinges on demonstrating to public that we protect human health and the environment." Environmental stewardship strategy looks 50 years into the future As a way of integrating environmental protection activities into a comprehensive strategy, Kevin Smith, manager of the U.S. Department of

79

A View from Elsewhere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arcadia Project Review - A View From Elsewhere Tony Hirst Department of Communication and Systems, The Open University a.j.hirst@open.ac.uk Summary This report provides an overview of activities carried out during Michaelmas Term...

Hirst, Tony

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Prarie View RDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PRAIRIE VIEW RDF PRAIRIE VIEW RDF 2 Prairie View RDF  Located at JAAP (approx. 40 miles southwest of Chicago), 223 acres on 455 Acre Parcel  Will County Owner; Waste Management, Operator  Maximum 23-Year Life WM/Will County Methane to Energy Plant  Landfill Contract Signed w/WM in 1997 w/Gas-to- Energy Plant Clause  County Retains Gas Rights &WM Installs Gas Collection System  WM owns Methane to Energy Plant &Tax Credits 3 CONTRACT PHASE  DOE Grant Applied 6/09  County Board Approves DOE EECBG Strategy 11/09  1 Million DOE Funds to Methane to Energy Plant  Schiff Harden Hired to Negotiate Gas to Energy Contract  February 2010 County Board Authorizes Contract Execution 4 5 METHANE TO ENERGY PLANT DETAILS  Waste Management Required To

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Dosimetric verification of the anisotropic analytical algorithm in lung equivalent heterogeneities with and without bone equivalent heterogeneities  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: In this study, the authors evaluated the accuracy of dose calculations performed by the convolution/superposition based anisotropic analytical algorithm (AAA) in lung equivalent heterogeneities with and without bone equivalent heterogeneities. Methods: Calculations of PDDs using the AAA and Monte Carlo simulations (MCNP4C) were compared to ionization chamber measurements with a heterogeneous phantom consisting of lung equivalent and bone equivalent materials. Both 6 and 10 MV photon beams of 4x4 and 10x10 cm{sup 2} field sizes were used for the simulations. Furthermore, changes of energy spectrum with depth for the heterogeneous phantom using MCNP were calculated. Results: The ionization chamber measurements and MCNP calculations in a lung equivalent phantom were in good agreement, having an average deviation of only 0.64{+-}0.45%. For both 6 and 10 MV beams, the average deviation was less than 2% for the 4x4 and 10x10 cm{sup 2} fields in the water-lung equivalent phantom and the 4x4 cm{sup 2} field in the water-lung-bone equivalent phantom. Maximum deviations for the 10x10 cm{sup 2} field in the lung equivalent phantom before and after the bone slab were 5.0% and 4.1%, respectively. The Monte Carlo simulation demonstrated an increase of the low-energy photon component in these regions, more for the 10x10 cm{sup 2} field compared to the 4x4 cm{sup 2} field. Conclusions: The low-energy photon by Monte Carlo simulation component increases sharply in larger fields when there is a significant presence of bone equivalent heterogeneities. This leads to great changes in the build-up and build-down at the interfaces of different density materials. The AAA calculation modeling of the effect is not deemed to be sufficiently accurate.

Ono, Kaoru; Endo, Satoru; Tanaka, Kenichi; Hoshi, Masaharu; Hirokawa, Yutaka [Department of Radiation Physics, Hiroshima Heiwa Clinic, 1-31 Kawaramachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima 730-0856 (Japan); Quantum Energy Applications, Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University, 4-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 730-8527 (Japan); Center of Medical Education, Sapporo Medical University, 17 Minami 1 Jo, Chuo-ku, Sapporo 060-8556 (Japan); Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553 (Japan); Department of Radiation Oncology, Hiroshima Heiwa Clinic, 1-31 Kawaramachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima 730-0856 (Japan)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

On equivalence of thinning fluids used for hydraulic fracturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper aims to answer the question: if and how non-Newtonian fluids may be compared in their mechanical action when used for hydraulic fracturing? By employing the modified formulation of the PKN problem we obtain its simple analytical solutions in the cases of perfectly plastic and Newtonian fluids. Since the results for shear thinning fluids are intermediate between those for these cases, the obtained equation for the fracture length suggests a criterion of the equivalence of various shear thinning fluids for the problem of hydraulic fractures. We assume fluids equivalent in their hydrofracturing action, when at a reference time they produce fractures of the same length. The equation for the fracture length translates the equivalence in terms of the hydraulic fracture length and treatment time into the equivalence in terms of the properties of a fracturing fluid (behavior and consistency indices). Analysis shows that the influence of the consistency and behavior indices on the fracture length, particle v...

Linkov, Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Violation of the Weak Equivalence Principle in Bekenstein's theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bekenstein has shown that violation of Weak Equivalence Principle is strongly supressed in his model of charge variation. In this paper, it is shown that nuclear magnetic energy is large enough to produce observable effects in Eotvos experiments.

L. Kraiselburd; H. Vucetich

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

84

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 121 116 93 1970's 79 55 70 71 75 68 61 45 64 49 1980's 41 29 40 55 61 145 234 318 272 254 1990's 300 395 604 513 513 582 603 734 732 879 2000's 586 691 566 647 634 700 794 859 1,008 1,295 2010's 4,578 8,931 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Processing

85

General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience, 12/12/95 General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience, 12/12/95 "The header lists the general field of experience, Commercial Nuclear Power or Navy Nuclear Power Program, with all other categories under these two areas. The subheader lists the position title of the military or job category within that industry. The next level lists the qualification standard subject with the competencies associated with it listed below. To locate the equivalencies that you may claim, locate the position title of your prior military or job category, then find the qualification standards and listed competencies that apply to your current position. The competencies listed below the qualification standards are those you

86

Development of an Equivalent Wind Plant Power-Curve: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Development of an equivalent wind plant power-curve becomes highly desirable and useful in predicting plant output for a given wind forecast. Such a development is described and summarized in this paper.

Wan, Y. H.; Ela, E.; Orwig, K.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Return Levels of Northern Great Plains Snow Water Equivalents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper estimates return levels of extreme snow water equivalents (SWE) in the northern Great Plains region, containing North and South Dakota, Iowa, Minnesota, and Nebraska. The return levels are estimated from extreme-value methods using a ...

Andrew J. Grundstein; Qi Qi Lu; Robert Lund

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

The Lorentz Condition is Equivalent to Maxwell Equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the Lorentz condition which is a conservation law on the electromagnetic four-vector-density A, plus the Lorentz transformation, taken together, are equivalent to the microscopic Maxwell's equations.

Edmund A. Di Marzio

2008-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

89

ParaView at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ParaView ParaView ParaView Introduction ParaView is an open-source, multi-platform data analysis and visualization application. ParaView users can quickly build visualizations to analyze their data using qualitative and quantitative techniques. The data exploration can be done interactively in 3D or programmatically using ParaView's batch processing capabilities. ParaView was developed to analyze extremely large datasets using distributed memory computing resources. It can be run on supercomputers to analyze datasets of terascale as well as on laptops for smaller data. Remote Visualization with ParaView ParaView is a client-server application. The ParaView client (or simply paraview) will run on your desktop while the server will run at the remote supercomputing site. The following describes the steps you will take to

90

Stereoscopic optical viewing system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved optical system which provides the operator with a stereoscopic viewing field and depth of vision, particularly suitable for use in various machines such as electron or laser beam welding and drilling machines. The system features two separate but independently controlled optical viewing assemblies from the eyepiece to a spot directly above the working surface. Each optical assembly comprises a combination of eye pieces, turning prisms, telephoto lenses for providing magnification, achromatic imaging relay lenses and final stage pentagonal turning prisms. Adjustment for variations in distance from the turning prisms to the workpiece, necessitated by varying part sizes and configurations and by the operator's visual accuity, is provided separately for each optical assembly by means of separate manual controls at the operator console or within easy reach of the operator.

Tallman, C.S.

1986-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

91

Dynamic View Management System for Query Prediction to View Materialization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On-Line Analytical Processing OLAP systems based on data warehouses are the main systems for managerial decision making and must have a quick response time. Several algorithms have been presented to select the proper set of data and elicit suitable structured ... Keywords: Data Warehousing, Dynamic View Materialization, OLAP, Probabilistic Reasoning Approaches, View Prediction, View Selection

Negin Daneshpour; Ahmad Abdollahzadeh Barfourosh

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Containment, Equivalence and Coreness from CSP to QCSP and beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) and its quantified extensions, whether without (QCSP) or with disjunction (QCSP_or), correspond naturally to the model checking problem for three increasingly stronger fragments of positive first-order logic. Their complexity is often studied when parameterised by a fixed model, the so-called template. It is a natural question to ask when two templates are equivalent, or more generally when one "contain" another, in the sense that a satisfied instance of the first will be necessarily satisfied in the second. One can also ask for a smallest possible equivalent template: this is known as the core for CSP. We recall and extend previous results on containment, equivalence and "coreness" for QCSP_or before initiating a preliminary study of cores for QCSP which we characterise for certain structures and which turns out to be more elusive.

Madelaine, Florent

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Flow equivalence of shifts of finite type via positive factorizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Together with M. Boyle and D. Huang (2000), this paper gives an alternate development of the Huang classification of shifts of finite type up to flow equivalence, and provides additionalfunctorialinformation, used to analyze the action of the mapping class group of the mapping torus of a shift of finite type on the “isotopy futures” group, which is introduced here. For a shift of finite type ?A, this group is isomorphic to the Bowen-Franks group cok(I ?A). The action on the isotopy futures group of a subshift is the flow equivalence analogue of the dimension group representation.

Mike Boyle

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Electric circuit networks equivalent to chaotic quantum billiards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We formulate two types of electric RLC resonance network equivalent to quantum billiards. In the network of inductors grounded by capacitors squared resonant frequencies are eigenvalues of the quantum billiard. In the network of capacitors grounded by inductors squared resonant frequencies are given by inverse eigen values of the billiard. In both cases local voltages play role of the wave function of the quantum billiard. However as different from quantum billiards there is a heat power because of resistance of the inductors. In the equivalent chaotic billiards we derive the distribution of the heat power which well describes numerical statistics.

Evgeny N. Bulgakov; Dmitrii N. Maksimov; Almas F. Sadreev

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Equivalence of string and fusion loop-spin structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The importance of the fusion relation of loops was recognized in the context of spin structures on the loop space by Stolz and Teichner and further developed by Waldorf. On a spin manifold M the equivalence classes of `fusive' spin structures on the loop space LM, incorporating the fusion property, strong regularity and reparameterization-invariance, are shown to be in 1-1 correspondence with equivalence classes of string structures on M. The identification is through the affine space of `string' cohomology classes considered by Redden.

Chris Kottke; Richard Melrose

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The View from HQ  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

A publication of the Office of Advanced Simulation & Computing, NNSA Defense Programs A publication of the Office of Advanced Simulation & Computing, NNSA Defense Programs NA-ASC-500-07-Issue 3 May 2007 The View from HQ by Dimitri Kusnezov I have been spending much of my time these days thinking about science, technology and engineering and the role of the laboratories and how that will be reflected in the Complex of the future. This is on my mind for two reasons: one is my responsibility to

97

Informative Views and Active Recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Informative Views and Active Recognition Tal Arbel, Frank P. Ferrie, and Peter Whaite TR-CIM-94-7897 Email: cim@cim.mcgill.ca #12;Informative Views and Active Recognition Tal Arbel, Frank P. Ferrie

Dudek, Gregory

98

An ideal independent source as an equivalent 1-port  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a 1-port, not necessarily linear, with a dependent source, appearing at the port. The control of the source is entirely internal for the 1-port. If this source is a parallel voltage source, then the equivalent circuit is an ideal independent voltage source, and if it is a series current source, then the equivalent circuit is an ideal independent current source. (As usual, "ideal" source is defined as a source whose proposed function is independent of the load.) In the simple LTI case, these results can be obtained, respectively, by either taking RTh zero in the Thevenin equivalent, or taking RN infinite in the Norton equivalent; however the very fact that the final circuits do not include any linear elements indicates the possibility of generalization to nonlinear 1-ports. Some limitations on the circuit's structure (functional dependencies in it) are required, and the clearness of these limitations, i.e. clearness of the conditions for the 1-port to be an ideal source for any load, is the aesthetical point.

Emanuel Gluskin; Anatoly Patlakh

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

99

Mississippi Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 1,127 971 1,334 1970's 1,270 1,217 1,058 878 679 567 520 367 485 1,146 1980's 553 830 831 633 618 458 463 437 811 380 1990's 445 511 416 395 425 377 340 300 495 5,462 2000's 11,377 15,454 16,477 11,430 13,697 14,308 14,662 13,097 10,846 18,354 2010's 18,405 11,221 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent

100

Arkansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 3,499 3,667 3,475 1970's 3,235 2,563 1,197 1,118 952 899 823 674 883 1,308 1980's 1,351 1,327 1,287 1,258 1,200 1,141 1,318 1,275 1,061 849 1990's 800 290 413 507 553 488 479 554 451 431 2000's 377 408 395 320 254 231 212 162 139 168 2010's 213 268 424 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Laboratory Protocol to Demonstrate Equivalency for Plant Wastewater Cotreatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adding chemical metal-cleaning wastes to ash ponds can be an inexpensive, effective method for removing contaminant metals from both wastes and ponds.This proposed laboratory protocol defines steps for determining the usefulness of ash pond comixing on a case-by-case basis and for demonstrating the equivalency of comixing with dedicated waste treatment, as required by EPA.

1987-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

102

Probability Models for Annual Extreme Water-Equivalent Ground Snow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical analysis of annual extreme water-equivalents of ground snow (reported as inches of water) measured up through the winter of 1979–80 at 76 weather stations in the northeast quadrant of the United States is presented. The analysis ...

Bruce Ellingwood; Robert K. Redfield

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Scanning multichannel microwave radiometer snow water equivalent assimilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

climatic driver through the surface albedo's role in energy and water budgets [e.g., Yeh et al., 1983Scanning multichannel microwave radiometer snow water equivalent assimilation Jiarui Dong,1 due to complicating effects, including distance to open water, presence of wet snow, and presence

Houser, Paul R.

104

A Few Equivalences of Wall-Sun-Sun Prime Conjecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we prove a few lemmas concerning Fibonacci numbers modulo primes and provide a few statements that are equivalent to Wall-Sun-Sun Prime Conjecture. Further, we investigate the conjecture through heuristic arguments and propose a few additional conjectures for future research.

Saha, Arpan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Compositional Synthesis of Maximally Permissive Supervisors Using Supervision Equivalence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a general framework for efficient synthesis of supervisors for discrete event systems. The approach is based on compositional minimisation, using concepts of process equivalence. In this context, a large number of ways are suggested ... Keywords: Controllability, Discrete event systems, Finite state automata, Model reduction, Nonblocking, Supervisory control, Synthesis

Hugo Flordal; Robi Malik; Martin Fabian; Knut Åkesson

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Determination of equivalent circuit for PVDF shock-pressure gauges  

SciTech Connect

Broadband impedance measurements of a PVDF shock-pressure gauge are used to build an equivalent circuit for the gauge. The essential components are a gauge capacitance and a low-loss transmission line. Component features are consistent with the physical characteristics. With knowledge of this circuit, troublesome oscillations can be anticipated and prevented.

Kotulski, J.D.; Anderson, M.U.; Brock, B.C.; Gomez, J.; Graham, R.A.; Vittitoe, C.N.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Determination of equivalent circuit for PVDF shock-pressure gauges  

SciTech Connect

Broadband impedance measurements of a PVDF shock-pressure gauge are used to build an equivalent circuit for the gauge. The essential components are a gauge capacitance and a low-loss transmission line. Component features are consistent with the physical characteristics. With knowledge of this circuit, troublesome oscillations can be anticipated and prevented. [copyright]American Institute of Physics

Kotulski, J.D.; Anderson, M.U.; Brock, B.C.; Gomez, J.; Graham, R.A.; Vittitoe, C.N. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-5800 (United States))

1994-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

108

Protective laser beam viewing device  

SciTech Connect

A protective laser beam viewing system or device including a camera selectively sensitive to laser light wavelengths and a viewing screen receiving images from the laser sensitive camera. According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the camera is worn on the head of the user or incorporated into a goggle-type viewing display so that it is always aimed at the area of viewing interest to the user and the viewing screen is incorporated into a video display worn as goggles over the eyes of the user.

Neil, George R.; Jordan, Kevin Carl

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

109

The View from HQ  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

  NA-ASC-500-07 Issue 2 January 2007 The View from HQ Sitting in airports and planes is risky beyond the obvious dangers now in the news. Uninter- rupted time to think may lead to new ideas. Instinct instructs us that when we hear Wash- ington has some new ideas, the result must be bad. After all, ideas suggest change, which is inherently disruptive. Today the notion of predictivity is on my mind as I am leaving the V&V 2007 meeting in Los Alamos. Predictivity is on my short list of overused, ill-defined words. Washington main- tains a full lexicon of such words-a fair number of which find their way into common usage.

110

False color viewing device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention consists of a viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching, the user`s eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage.

Kronberg, J.W.

1991-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

111

False color viewing device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching the user's eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage.

Kronberg, James W. (108 Independent Blvd., Aiken, SC 29801)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

False color viewing device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching the user's eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage. 7 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1992-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

113

Equivalent Effect Function and Fast Intrinsic Mode Decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Equivalent Effect Function (EEF) is defined as having the identical integral values on the control points of the original time series data; the EEF can be obtained from the derivative of the spline function passing through the integral values on the control points. By choosing control points with different criteria, the EEF can be used to find the intrinsic mode function(IMF, fluctuation) and the residue (trend); to fit the curve of the original data function; and to take samples on original data with equivalent effect. As examples of application, results of trend and fluctuation on real stock historical data are calculated on different time scales. A new approach to extend the EEF to 2D intrinsic mode decomposition is introduced to resolve the inter slice non continuity problem, some photo image decomposition examples are presented.

Lu, Louis Yu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Short-range tests of the equivalence principle  

SciTech Connect

We tested the equivalence principle at short length scales by rotating a 3 ton {sup 238}U attractor around a compact torsion balance containing Cu and Pb test bodies. The observed differential acceleration of the test bodies toward the attractor, a{sub Cu}-a{sub Pb}=(1.0{+-}2.8)x10{sup -13} cm/s{sup 2}, should be compared to the corresponding gravitational acceleration of 9.2x10{sup -5} cm/s{sup 2}. Our results set new constraints on equivalence-principle violating interactions with Yukawa ranges down to 1 cm, and improve by substantial factors existing limits for ranges between 10 km and 1000 km. Our data also set strong constraints on certain power-law potentials that can arise from two-boson exchange processes. (c) 1999 The American Physical Society.

Smith, G. L. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Hoyle, C. D. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Gundlach, J. H. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Adelberger, E. G. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Heckel, B. R. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Swanson, H. E. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

2000-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

Hermitian K-theory, derived equivalences and Karoubi's Fundamental Theorem.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the framework of dg categories with weak equivalences and duality that have uniquely 2-divisible mapping complexes, we show that higher Grothendieck-Witt groups (aka. hermitian K-groups) are invariant under derived equivalences and that Morita exact sequences induce long exact sequences of Grothendieck-Witt groups. This implies an algebraic Bott sequence and a new proof and generalization of Karoubi's Fundamental Theorem. For the higher Grothendieck-Witt groups of vector bundles of (possibly singular) schemes with an ample family of line-bundles such that 2 is invertible in the ring of regular functions, we obtain Mayer-Vietoris long exact sequences for Nisnevich coverings and blow-ups along regularly embedded centers, projective bundle formulas, and a Bass fundamental theorem. For coherent Grothendieck-Witt groups, we obtain a localization theorem analogous to Quillen's K'-localization theorem.

Marco Schlichting

116

Dialogue on the Principle of Mass-Energy Equivalence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is directed to the readers who are familiar with the earlier papers by the author on the topic of mass-energy equivalence. A number of important questions about the total energy equation H=mv^2 and its implications are answered qualitatively. The relationship between the equation H=mv^2 and the 4-vector (Minkowski) representation of Special Relativity is discussed in detail. Other issues, such as de Broglie's original formulation of wave mechanics, are also discussed.

Ezzat G. Bakhoum

2004-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

117

Teleparallel Equivalent of the Kaluza-Klein Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relying upon the equivalence between a gauge theory for the translation group and general relativity, a teleparallel version of the original Kaluza-Klein theory is developed. In this model, only the internal space (fiber) turns out to be five dimensional, spacetime being kept always four dimensional. A five-dimensional translational gauge theory is obtained which unifies, in the sense of Kaluza-Klein theories, gravitational and electromagnetic interactions.

V. C. de Andrade; L. C. T. Guillen; J. G. Pereira

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Design, construction and implementation of spherical tissue equivalent proportional counter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tissue equivalent proportional counters (TEPC) are used for medical and space activities whenever a combination of high and low LET (lineal energy transfer) radiations are present. With the frequency and duration of space activities increasing, exposure to fast heavy ions from galactic cosmic radiation and solar events is a major concern. The optimum detector geometry is spherical; to obtain an isotropic response, but simple spherical detectors have the disadvantage of a non-uniform electric field. In order to achieve a uniform electric field along the detector axis, spherical tissue equivalent proportional counters have been designed with different structures to modify the electric field. Some detectors use a cylindrical coil that is coaxial with the anode, but they are not reliable because of their sensitivity to microphonic noise and insufficient mechanical strength. In this work a new spherical TEPC was developed. The approach used was to divide the cathode in several rings with different thicknesses, and adjust the potential difference between each ring and the anode to produce an electric field that is nearly constant along the length of the anode. A-150 tissue equivalent plastic is used for the detector walls, the insulator material between the cathode rings is low density polyethylene, and the gas inside the detector is propane. The detector, along with the charge sensitive preamplifier, is encased in a stainless steel vacuum chamber. The gas gain was found to be 497.5 at 782 volts and the response to neutrons as a function of angle was constant ±7%. This spherical tissue equivalent proportional counter detector system will improve the accuracy of dosimetry in space, and as a result improve radiation safety for astronauts.

Perez Nunez, Delia Josefina

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

North Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) North Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 5,150 5,428 4,707 1970's 4,490 3,592 3,199 2,969 2,571 2,404 2,421 2,257 2,394 2,986 1980's 3,677 5,008 5,602 7,171 7,860 8,420 6,956 7,859 6,945 6,133 1990's 6,444 6,342 6,055 5,924 5,671 5,327 4,937 5,076 5,481 5,804 2000's 6,021 6,168 5,996 5,818 6,233 6,858 7,254 7,438 7,878 10,140 2010's 11,381 14,182 26,156 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014

120

Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 433,684 457,117 447,325 1970's 466,016 448,288 470,105 466,143 448,993 435,571 428,635 421,110 393,819 352,650 1980's 350,312 345,262 356,406 375,849 393,873 383,719 384,693 364,477 357,756 343,233 1990's 342,186 353,737 374,126 385,063 381,020 381,712 398,442 391,174 388,011 372,566 2000's 380,535 355,860 360,535 332,405 360,110 355,589 373,350 387,349 401,503 424,042 2010's 433,622 481,308 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Louisiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 115,177 140,290 179,117 1970's 193,209 195,072 197,967 206,833 194,329 189,541 172,584 166,392 161,511 165,515 1980's 142,171 142,423 128,858 124,193 132,501 117,736 115,604 124,890 120,092 121,425 1990's 119,405 129,154 132,656 130,336 128,583 146,048 139,841 150,008 144,609 164,794 2000's 164,908 152,862 152,724 124,955 133,434 103,381 105,236 110,745 94,785 95,359 2010's 102,448 95,630 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

122

Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 3,351 3,244 2,705 1970's 2,330 2,013 1,912 1,581 1,921 2,879 6,665 11,494 14,641 15,686 1980's 15,933 14,540 14,182 13,537 12,829 11,129 11,644 10,876 10,483 9,886 1990's 8,317 8,103 8,093 7,012 6,371 6,328 6,399 6,147 5,938 5,945 2000's 5,322 4,502 4,230 3,838 4,199 3,708 3,277 3,094 3,921 2,334 2010's 2,943 2,465 2,480 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013

123

California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 34,803 32,639 30,334 1970's 29,901 27,585 24,156 17,498 17,201 15,221 14,125 13,567 13,288 10,720 1980's 8,583 7,278 14,113 14,943 15,442 16,973 16,203 15,002 14,892 13,376 1990's 12,424 11,786 12,385 12,053 11,250 11,509 12,169 11,600 10,242 10,762 2000's 11,063 11,060 12,982 13,971 14,061 13,748 14,056 13,521 13,972 13,722 2010's 13,244 12,095 12,755 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

124

Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 11,500 8,573 8,579 1970's 6,574 6,133 6,063 5,441 5,557 5,454 5,231 4,764 6,192 3,923 1980's 6,845 5,638 6,854 6,213 6,516 6,334 4,466 2,003 2,142 1,444 1990's 1,899 2,181 2,342 2,252 2,024 2,303 2,385 2,404 2,263 2,287 2000's 1,416 1,558 1,836 1,463 2,413 1,716 2,252 1,957 2,401 3,270 2010's 4,576 4,684 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014

125

New Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 46,149 48,635 50,484 1970's 52,647 53,810 54,157 55,782 54,986 56,109 61,778 72,484 77,653 62,107 1980's 59,457 60,544 56,857 56,304 58,580 53,953 51,295 65,156 63,355 61,594 1990's 66,626 70,463 75,520 83,193 86,607 85,668 108,341 109,046 106,665 107,850 2000's 110,411 108,958 110,036 111,292 105,412 101,064 99,971 96,250 92,579 94,840 2010's 91,963 90,291 84,562 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

126

Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 4,126 4,546 4,058 1970's 3,405 4,152 4,114 4,674 6,210 9,620 11,944 13,507 13,094 12,606 1980's 12,651 13,427 12,962 11,314 10,771 11,913 10,441 10,195 11,589 13,340 1990's 13,178 15,822 18,149 18,658 19,612 25,225 23,362 28,851 24,365 26,423 2000's 29,105 29,195 31,952 33,650 35,821 34,782 36,317 38,180 53,590 67,607 2010's 82,637 90,801 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

127

Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 236 1970's 225 281 243 199 501 694 661 933 1,967 4,845 1980's 4,371 4,484 4,727 4,709 5,123 5,236 4,836 4,887 4,774 5,022 1990's 4,939 4,997 5,490 5,589 5,647 5,273 5,361 4,637 4,263 18,079 2000's 24,086 13,754 14,826 11,293 15,133 13,759 21,065 19,831 17,222 17,232 2010's 19,059 17,271 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages:

128

Informative Views and Sequential Recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Informative Views and Sequential Recognition Tal Arbel and Frank P. Ferrie TR-CIM-95-10 Nov. 1995 3 Telephone: 514 398-6319 Telex: 05 268510 FAX: 514 398-7348 Email: cim@cim.mcgill.ca #12;Informative Views

Dudek, Gregory

129

Teleparallel Equivalent of Non-Abelian Kaluza-Klein Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the equivalence between a gauge theory for the translation group and general relativity, a teleparallel version of the non-abelian Kaluza-Klein theory is constructed. In this theory, only the fiber-space turns out to be higher-dimensional, spacetime being kept always four-dimensional. The resulting model is a gauge theory that unifies, in the Kaluza-Klein sense, gravitational and gauge fields. In contrast to the ordinary Kaluza-Klein models, this theory defines a natural length-scale for the compact sub-manifold of the fiber space, which is shown to be of the order of the Planck length.

A. L. Barbosa; L. C. T. Guillen; J. G. Pereira

2002-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

130

Tomographic Quantum Cryptography: Equivalence of Quantum and Classical Key Distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The security of a cryptographic key that is generated by communication through a noisy quantum channel relies on the ability to distill a shorter secure key sequence from a longer insecure one. For an important class of protocols, which exploit tomographically complete measurements on entangled pairs of any dimension, we show that the noise threshold for classical advantage distillation is identical with the threshold for quantum entanglement distillation. As a consequence, the two distillation procedures are equivalent: neither offers a security advantage over the other.

Dagmar Bruss; Matthias Christandl; Artur Ekert; Berthold-Georg Englert; Dagomir Kaszlikowski; Chiara Macchiavello

2003-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

131

City View, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

View, South Carolina: Energy Resources View, South Carolina: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 34.8615064°, -82.4315121° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.8615064,"lon":-82.4315121,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

132

East Pleasant View, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

View, Colorado: Energy Resources View, Colorado: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.7276261°, -105.1573284° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7276261,"lon":-105.1573284,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

133

Distributed resonance self-shielding using the equivalence principle  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an extension of the equivalence principle to allow distributed resonance self-shielding in a multi-region fuel configuration. Rational expansion of fuel-to-fuel collision probability is applied in order to establish equivalence between the actual fuel configuration and a homogeneous mixture of hydrogen and resonant absorber, which is a commonly used model to calculate library tables of resonance integrals. The main steps in derivation are given along with the basic physics assumptions on which the presented approach relies. The method has been implemented in the lattice code WIMS-AECL and routinely used for calculation of CANDU-type reactor lattices. Its capabilities are illustrated by comparison of WIMS-AECL and MCNP results of {sup 238}U resonance capture in a CANDU lattice cell. In order to determine optimal rational expansion of fuel-to-fuel collision probability, the calculations were carried out by varying the number of rational terms from 1 to 6. The results show that 4 terms are sufficient. The further increase of the number of terms affects the computing time, while the impact on accuracy is negligible. To illustrate the convergence of the results, the fuel subdivision is gradually refined varying the number of fuel pin subdivisions from 1 to 32 equal-area annuli. The results show very good agreement with the reference MCNP calculation. (authors)

Altiparmakov, D. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, ON K0J 1J0 (Canada)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Chisolm View | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chisolm View Chisolm View Jump to: navigation, search Name Chisolm View Facility Chisolm View Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner GE Energy Financial Service / Enel Green Power North America Developer TradeWind Energy Energy Purchaser Alabama Power Company Location Hunter OK Coordinates 36.59527057°, -97.54501104° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.59527057,"lon":-97.54501104,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

135

Evolving Views of Pectin Biosynthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BIOSYNTHESIS DURING PRIMARY AND SECONDARY WALL FORMATION Multiple lines of evidence have led to a new view of primary wall architecture and the role of pectin therein. Dick-P...

136

Risk View Software Functional Specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report defines the functional requirements for a new Risk View software product to be developed as part of the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) Operations and Maintenance Excellence (OMX) initiative. plant information sources.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

137

Suggested Equivalencies for General Technical Base Qualification Standard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Base Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience The following information was distributed by Thomas W. Evans (HR 1.5) in a memorandum dated December 12, 1995. The memorandum is on file in DOE-ID Training and if needed can be referenced as "DOE Memorandum, Course Catalog and Competency to Course Matching", dated December 12, 1995. DOE Technical Qualification Program Standards specify competencies that technical DOE employees must possess to accomplish their assigned tasks and activities. These competencies can be gained in a number of ways including through training, education, or prior military or job experience. This material contains lists of the military or job experience and the competencies that were gained as a result of that

138

Are vortices in rotating superfluids breaking the Weak Equivalence Principle?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to the breaking of gauge symmetry in rotating superfluid Helium, the inertial mass of a vortex diverges with the vortex size. The vortex inertial mass is thus much higher than the classical inertial mass of the vortex core. An equal increase of the vortex gravitational mass is questioned. The possibility that the vortices in a rotating superfluid could break the weak equivalence principle in relation with a variable speed of light in the superfluid vacuum is debated. Experiments to test this possibility are investigated on the bases that superfluid Helium vortices would not fall, under the single influence of a uniform gravitational field, at the same rate as the rest of the superfluid Helium mass.

Clovis Jacinto de Matos

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

Neutron scattered dose equivalent to a fetus from proton radiotherapy of the mother  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scatteredneutrondose equivalent to a representative point for a fetus is evaluated in an anthropomorphic phantom of the mother undergoing protonradiotherapy. The effect on scatteredneutrondose equivalent to the fetus of changing the incident proton beam energy

Geraldine Mesoloras; George A. Sandison; Robert D. Stewart; Jonathan B. Farr; Wen C. Hsi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Interannual variability of monsoon precipitation and local subcloud equivalent potential"! temperature#!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

! "! Interannual variability of monsoon precipitation and local subcloud equivalent potential.hurley@yale.edu"&! "'! Keywords: monsoon, interannual variability, convective quasi-equilibrium, equivalent potential"(! temperature")! #12;! #! ABSTRACT"*! The interannual variability of monsoon precipitation is described

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141

Uniform Logical Characterizations of Testing Equivalences for Nondeterministic, Probabilistic and Markovian Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Logical characterizations of nondeterministic, probabilistic, and Markovian variants of bisimulation equivalence rely on similar modal languages, each including true, negation, conjunction, and diamond. Likewise, logical characterizations of the corresponding ... Keywords: Markovian processes, modal logic, nondeterministic processes, probabilistic processes, testing equivalence

Marco Bernardo

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Human equivalent antenna model for HF exposures: analytical versus numerical approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the human exposure to HF radiation is analyzed using the simplified human equivalent antenna model featuring analytical and numerical approach, respectively. Namely, the human body is represented by an equivalent receiving straight thin ...

Dragan Poljak; Silvestar Sesnic; Ivana Zulim

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Department Chair/Equivalent Unit Director Mid-appointment Review Cover Sheet  

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Department Chair/Equivalent Unit Director Mid-appointment Review Cover Sheet The review committee:______________________________________________________________________________ 1. A copy of the committee report has been given to the department chair/equivalent unit director. 2. The committee has discussed its report with the department chair/ equivalent unit director. 3. A copy

144

A ''Toolbox''21 Equivalent Process for Safety Analysis Software  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) Recommendation 2002-1 (Quality Assurance for Safety-Related Software) identified a number of quality assurance issues on the use of software in Department of Energy (DOE) facilities for analyzing hazards, and designing and operating controls that prevent or mitigate potential accidents. The development and maintenance of a collection, or ''toolbox,'' of multiple-site use, standard solution, Software Quality Assurance (SQA)-compliant safety software is one of the major improvements identified in the associated DOE Implementation Plan (IP). The DOE safety analysis toolbox will contain a set of appropriately quality-assured, configuration-controlled, safety analysis codes, recognized for DOE-broad, safety basis applications. Currently, six widely applied safety analysis computer codes have been designated for toolbox consideration. While the toolbox concept considerably reduces SQA burdens among DOE users of these codes, many users of unique, single-purpose, or single-site software may still have sufficient technical justification to continue use of their computer code of choice, but are thwarted by the multiple-site condition on toolbox candidate software. The process discussed here provides a roadmap for an equivalency argument, i.e., establishing satisfactory SQA credentials for single-site software that can be deemed ''toolbox-equivalent''. The process is based on the model established to meet IP Commitment 4.2.1.2: Establish SQA criteria for the safety analysis ''toolbox'' codes. Implementing criteria that establish the set of prescriptive SQA requirements are based on implementation plan/procedures from the Savannah River Site, also incorporating aspects of those from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (SNL component) and the Yucca Mountain Project. The major requirements are met with evidence of a software quality assurance plan, software requirements and design documentation, user's instructions, test report, a configuration and control procedure, an error notification and corrective action process, and evidence of available training on use of the software. The process is best performed with an independent SQA evaluator, i.e., a technically knowledgeable individual in the application area who is not part of the development team. The process provides a consistent, systematic approach based on the experience gained with SQA evaluations of the toolbox codes. Experience has shown that rarely will existing software be fully compliant with SQA criteria. Instead, the typical case is where SQA elements are deficient. For this case, it is recommended that supplemental remedial documentation be generated. Situations may also arise where the SQA evaluator must weigh whether the entire SQA suite be reconstituted. Regardless, the process is described sufficiently to guide a comprehensive evaluation. If the candidate software is successful in meeting process requirements, the software is ''toolbox-equivalent''. The benefit of the methodology outlined is that it provides a standard evaluation technique for choosing the most applicable software for a given application. One potential outcome is that the software of choice will be found to be applicable with ample SQA justification. Alternatively, the software in question may be found not to meet SQA process requirements. In this case, the analyst may then make an informed decision and possibly select one of the multiple-use, toolbox codes. With either outcome, the DSA is improved.

O'KULA, KR

2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

145

List View | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

List View List View Safety Data/Tools Apps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Safety You are here Data.gov » Communities » Safety List View Interactive applications that visually display large datasets provide a portal to explore data and make discoveries. Federal agencies collect information on energy production, use, natural resources, and energy infrastructure logistics and this data can be used to create calculators, interactive maps, and other applications that leverage this data. These applications provide user communities the ability to highlight the energy issues that are occurring within their communities, aid businesses plan and analyze their proposed projects, and provide a baseline for analyzing how energy resources can be most optimally and efficiently used. This page

146

Assessment of the Effective Dose Equivalent for External Photon Radiation: Volume 2: Calculational Techniques for Estimating Externa l Effective Dose Equivalent from Dosimeter Readings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent revisions to the radiation protection standards contained in Title 10 Part 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations require nuclear power plants to assess a worker's "effective dose equivalent" (EDE). This report explains the concept of effective dose equivalent and describes research to improve the dosimetric methods presently used for assessing EDE.

1995-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

147

Lighting for remote viewing systems  

SciTech Connect

Scenes viewed by television do not provide the same channels of information for judgment of distances as scenes viewed directly, since television eliminates or degrades several depth perception cues. However, it may be possible to improve depth perception of televised scenes by enhancing the information available through depth cues that are available from lighting. A literature survey and expert opinions were integrated to design a remote lighting arrangement which could enhance depth perception of operators performing remote handling operations. This paper describes the lighting arrangement and discusses some of its advantages and disadvantages. 10 references, 2 figures.

Draper, J.V.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Lighting for remote viewing systems  

SciTech Connect

Scenes viewed by television do not provide the same channels of information for judgement of distances as scenes viewed directly, since television eliminates or degrades several depth perception cues. However, it may be possible to improve depth perception of televised scenes by enhancing the information available through depth cues that are available from lighting. A literature survey and expert opinions were integrated to design a remote lighting arrangement which could enhance depth perception of operators performing remote handling operations. This paper describes the lighting arrangement and discusses some of its advantages and disadvantages. 10 references, 2 figures.

Draper, J.V.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Equivalent circuit modeling of hybrid electric vehicle drive train  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main goals of the advanced vehicles designer are to improve efficiency, to decrease emissions and to meet customer's requirements. The design of such vehicles is challenging and cannot efficiently be achieved without an appropriate tool. The objective of this work is to develop and validate a modeling and design method adapted to advanced vehicles conception. The designer, as a system engineer, needs performances predictions and physical understanding of the system dynamics. In order to achieve this objective, a methodology based on electrical analogies and transducers theory is presented in this work. Using the powerful circuit theory to solve multi-disciplinary problems is not revolutionary, but applied to the design of advanced vehicles, it brings a strong insight and a visual, intuitive interpretation of the set of differential equations. The equivalent circuit obtained from this method offers an elegant alternative to traditional methods and is especially adapted to the study of the interactions between the mechanical and the electrical side of any electromechanical system.

Routex, Jean-Yves

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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NSAs have to guarantee that no private information from ...... tive to complementary cell suppression, manuscript, Energy Information Admin- istration

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and algorithms in this area, as well as several application areas where ...... solver reached assignment for proof timeout) found of SAT. Gap. 269. 51. 2. 20. 664.

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1.2 Notation and organization of the paper ... This paper is organized as follows. ..... i is the i-th eigenvalue of C. Then, letting ˜R := QT RQ and ˜H := QT HQ, we.

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May 22, 2003 ... although the corresponding proximity function does not have a ..... Suppose that the statement of the lemma does not hold, i.e., ...... 397–413.

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Naive exploration of this neighborhood is computationally ..... Table 2: Problem Sizes for Production Planning Test Instances. In both Table 1 and Table 2, the ...

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Note to Practitioners—In practice, production scheduling is a crucial task at ..... the search when the exploration is close to the root, and thus makes cutoff less ...

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Mar 1, 2007 ... Some of the most successful methods are: Tabu search in [Gho03], a combination of Tabu ... equality constraints are dualized as before, but they also enter the ... term it is possible to avoid fast increase of the Lagrangian dual ...

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of image reconstruction from projections in [26], significant and valuable ac- ... ods, which makes them successful in real-world applications, is computa-. 4 ...

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[23]T. S. Motzkin. The arithmetic-geometric inequality. In Inequalities ( Proceedings of Symposium Wright. Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 1965), pages 205–224.

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an astutely selected small working set does not significantly increase the total number of iterations required to solve the problem, and sometimes even reduces it ...

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Introduction. Consider the linear programming problem in the standard form [5, 14] minimize ... row index, say i, has to be determined such that ?j = min {¯bl/¯al,j  ...

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As is known to us, Cognition process is the instinct learning ability of human being, ..... What's more, to alleviate the undesirable effects of estimation error in the ...

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M? denotes the solar mass. which mimic the corresponding natural processes, ..... Gravitational radiation. In S. W. Hawking and W. Israel, editors,. 300 Years of ...

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Energy Conversion – Photovoltaic, Concentrating Solar Power, and Thermoelectric ... Green Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and Processing IV.

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Feb 15, 2011 ... cost for low power plant ... Fitness for small electricity grids, reduced .... Need a factory to make the price attractive, need an attractive price to.

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tioning, clearly identify the utility function that characterizes their attitude toward risk. The use of expected ...... with largest fixed interest rate. Alternatively, our ...

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to the performance of the exact method of [1]. They are very comparable to those of [8], although have a higher rate of increase with dimension d and/or number ...

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breakpoint at ?, and given by the two lines L1 and L2. Clearly, if ?L(v) ..... overhead which would be, for example, incurred at every node of a branch- and-

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availability-manufacturing, processing, fabrication joining, uniformity, balance of properties (what properties are important limiting), qualification, codes, safety ...

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Oct 30, 2002 ... Turing machine model, our analysis yields an O(n. 3.5 .... analysis of Vavasis and Ye's algorithm is based on the notion of crossover event,.

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May 12, 2005 ... Our algorithm is a result of the combination of stochastic ap- proximation ideas ... 2EDF R&D ... 3EDF R&D ..... Let us state the main result of this section: ..... IEEE Transactions on Systems, Science and Cybernetics, 5:307. 14.

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1France Télécom R&D, 38-40 rue du gl Leclerc, 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France ... The results obtained outperform many methods based on earlier literature. ...... Linear programming under uncertainty, Management Science, 1 (

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Sep 22, 2006 ... minimizing the cost of the thermal power production if the hydro-power plant cannot supply the demand completely. Dynamic programming is a ...

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Jul 13, 2012 ... Current emphasis: visualization, data mining and applications in oil and ..... Internships. Agreement Enhancements. • Discount on indirect costs.

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Optimization Technical Report. ISyE Department, University of Wisconsin- Madison. Oktay Günlük1 · Jeff Linderoth2. Perspective Reformulations of Mixed Integer.

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Red Herring Dec 2001. “ Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions of roughly 1 to. 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena .

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We tested these formu- ... and finding radiation treatment plans in the presence of organ motion. ...... We report the number instances for which the heuristic.

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Jul 18, 2008 ... Let us define the energy product and corresponding energy norm with respect to an ...... 3.2 Shape optimization in 3D for EIT and DC resistivity.

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2003. The Solver Manuals. GAMS Development Corporation, Washington, DC, USA. Gilbert, J. 2007a. Organization of the Modulopt collection of optimization ...

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erwin@gams.com. GAMS Development Corp. Washington DC. 19th June 2001. Abstract. The `Progressive Party Problem' [9] has long been considered a prob-.

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Oct 6, 2004... and Systems Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, .... The methods described in this paper reduce the energy function (1) at ...

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digital communication networks. .... bound. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 52:632–642, 2004. ... uscript, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2007.

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It models optimal placement of communications relay nodes in the pres- ence of obstacles. This problem ...... tion Technology (CENIIT). The authors would like to

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Abstract—We consider the classical problem of estimating ... (a) to provide an estimate fn of f such that the first 2n+1 .... course at a higher computational cost.

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G as a road system, T as petrol stations and a driver who wants to go from u to v. Then B(u, v) is ..... [9] (gas distribution) provide instances where almost all ...

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Aug 30, 2004 ... (where s?1 denotes the vector of reciprocals of the components of s), so that necessarily x = µs?1 > 0, ... be written in the more symmetrical form.

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The colon cancer dataset contains 22 normal and 40 colon cancer tissues ..... P. Wolfe, An algorithm for quadratic programming, Naval Research Logistics.

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Oct 14, 2009 ... where A?(y) = ?i yiA(i) maps Rm to Sn, C is the cone of copositive ...... [14] Lovász, L. (1979), “On the Shannon capacity of a graph,” IEEE ...

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each component is non-zero precisely once in every cycle of n iterations. Thus, ... and these may not inherit the overall rate of the combined pair. Similarly, in.

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[8] J. Eckstein and M. Fukushima, Some reformulation and applications of the alternating ... [10] M. Fukushima, Application of the alternating direction method of

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Feb 5, 2002 ... environment (“profile”) of an amino acid in terms of its contact shells. ..... that in order to use the MaxF heuristic we need to be able to load all.

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However, numerical simulations allow us to conjecture ... property of the optimal weights a?0,...,a?n and also an illustrative example of ... Let us define the weighted sum of exponential functions for a ? RN+1 and h ...... be two azimuth angles. ... [2] A. Labeyrie, Resolved imaging of extra-solar planets with future 10-

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trajectories, dissipative dynamical systems, Lyapunov analysis, weak .... the link with some classical results concerning semi-groups of contractions generated.

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borhood and a curve is built by linking all the points. The coordinates of ..... Learning algorithms could also be used to automatically guide the search through ...

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by learning mathematical principles, and subsequent implementation of mathematical ... area under a curve as a sum of areas of rectangles as the width of each ...

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Sep 18, 2009 ... telecommunication industry [49] which can be reformulated as a two-stage ...... problem under equilibrium constraints in electricity spot market ...

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Jun 6, 2012 ... fossil fuels and chart a new course on energy in this country, we are condemning future generations to global catastrophe.” Senator Obama ...

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Oct 19, 2010 ... In aircraft routing, maintenance events replenish aircrafts' ability to fly. In .... with several different label data structure and treatment strategies.

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of an extension of the Fundamental Theorem of Linear Programming, and proved , in ..... with ?v for v = [0,..., 0, 1] ? Rn (it does not matter that Nowak drops the last row and ...... Handbook of Combinatorial Optimization (supp. Vol. A), 1–74.

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and Boyd (1996), Todd (2001), the SDP handbook edited by Wolkowicz et al. ..... cut polytope CHULL(G) does not admit a polynomial time separation oracle, but ...... problem. In cutting plane algorithms it is of fundamental importance that re-.

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s k C bakc D s k C bas a.s k/c s k C bas .s k/c D s k C as .s k/ D as; the claim follows. Lemma A.2 (Chernoff bounds, see Mitzenmacher and Upfal [17]). Let X1;:

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In order to increase the search capability of MBH, a population framework has been proposed ... The key idea is to avoid new individuals to enter the population if someone similar (in a ..... We measure the efficiency in terms of number of (two-.

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These plugins have two essential callbacks that are called .... assigned to opened facilities so that the total sum of connection distances is minimized and the ...

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Feb 28, 2012 ... assumed to be essential and the only decision criterion is the travel distance. The portion ... On the other side, customers choose the facilities to.

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Rep., Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne,. Illinois, USA, 1992. [2] A. Borzi and K. Kunisch, A globalization strategy for the multigrid solution of elliptic optimal ...

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one additional order of magnitude) by finding the best axis-parallel ellipsoid, which is however too expensive to be done (outside the root node) within our ...

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does not apply here because the objective function of LFMP may be unbounded ...... Handbook of Global Optimization, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 495-608.

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Department of Applied Mathematics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing ... (SDP), plays a fundamental role in mathematical programming, see, e.g., [21, 2, 7]. ...... [ 21] H. Wolkowicz, R. Saigal, L. Vandenberghe: Handbook of Semidefinite ...

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Feb 22, 2002 ... This problem is of fundamental importance in mathematics and physical sciences ... ?Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada. Email: ...... Handbook of Semidefinite Program-.

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Aug 6, 2010 ... (doi:10.1007/s00134-010-1979-1) contains supplementary material, which is .... The visual inspection of the distribution of the EQ-5D scores ...

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Feb 16, 1998 ... temperatures and quenched by injecting helium gas. All processes ..... retrofitted with “mushroom” shaped TiB2-G cathode elements and op- erated for ..... same time improving the formability of alloys and reducing the natural aging rate. .... of many magnesium die castings in production vehicles. In order for ...

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Jul 3, 2007 ... some cases, give conjectures in a fully automated way). Considering that ..... The input of the program is the definition of a given problem written in a text file. .... For instance, one can get statistics ... To determine S, GraPHedron does not need to access the graphs. ..... on Graph Theory (Novi Sad, 1983), pp.

212

Census and viewing of organisms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Census and viewing of organisms Census and viewing of organisms Name: m hariaczyi Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: How many organisms exist in the world today? What is the most powerful microscope that could be used for viewing organism? Replies: The most powerful microscope is called an electron microscope, which can be used for viewing entire organisms, although few organisms are small enough to see all of them at high magnifications allowed by this microscope. So most often its used to look at fixed sections of organisms. Since the electron microscope only works in a vacuum, with no air, you cannot look at live organisms. To do that, probably the most powerful microscope is called a Nomarski, or in technical terms, a "differential interference contrast" microscope. This is a modification of a normal light microscope that allows better contrast in living tissue. It is not any more powerful than a light microscope, and is much less powerful than an electron microscope, but it allows you to see living things much better.

213

Bayesian networks: A teacher's view  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Teachers viewing Bayesian network-based proficiency estimates from a classroom full of students face a different problem from a tutor looking at one student at a time. Fortunately, individual proficiency estimates can be aggregated into classroom and ... Keywords: Aggregation, Bayesian networks, Computer graphics, Probabilities

Russell G. Almond; Valerie J. Shute; Jody S. Underwood; Juan-Diego Zapata-Rivera

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

On the computation of relational view complements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Views as a means to describe parts of a given data collection play an important role in many database applications. In dynamic environments where data is updated, not only information provided by views, but also information provided by data sources yet ... Keywords: Relational algebra, data warehouses, minimal complements, self-maintainability, view complements, views

Jens Lechtenbörger; Gottfried Vossen

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Does The Principle Of Equivalence Prevent Trapped Surfaces From Being Formed In The General Relativistic Collapse Process?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been recently shown (Mitra,- astro-ph/9910408, astro-ph/0207056) that the timelike spherical collapse of a radiating, physical fluid in General Relativity, as seen by an interior co-moving observer at rest in the physical fluid, does not permit formation of ``trapped surfaces''. This followed from the fact that the formation of a trapped surface in a physical fluid would cause the timelike world lines of the collapsing fluid to become null at the would be trapped surface, thus violating the Principle of Equivalence in General Theory of Relativity. In this paper we generalize and extend this result by studying the problem from the point of view of the exterior Vaidya metric of a collapsing radiating fluid as seen by an exterior stationary observer, and find that the "no trapped surface condition" becomes g00 > 0 consistent with that obtained for the interior co-moving metric. Since we have shown that the Principle of Equivalence prevents trapped surfaces from being formed in collapsing, radiating objects, then true event horizons cannot exist and Galactic Black Hole Candidates (GBHC) must have physically observable intrinsic magnetic dipole moments. Because of this fact it follows (Robertson and Leiter - astro-ph/0102381, astro-ph/0208333) that GBHC can be consistently described, within the framework of General Relativity, in terms of a magneto-spheric eternally collapsing objects (MECO) without true event horizons.

Darryl Leiter; Stanley Robertson

2001-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

216

Water-equivalent dosimeter array for small-field external beam radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

With the increasing complexity of dose patterns external beam radiotherapy, there is a great need for new types of dosimeters. We studied the first prototype of a new dosimeter array consisting of water-equivalent plastic scintillating fibers for dose measurement in external beam radiotherapy. We found that this array allows precise, rapid dose evaluation of small photon fields. Starting with a dosimeter system constructed with a single scintillating fiber coupled to a clear optical fiber and read using a charge coupled device camera, we looked at the dosimeter's spatial resolution under small radiation fields and angular dependence. Afterward, we analyzed the camera's light collection to determine the maximum array size that could be built. Finally, we developed a prototype made of ten scintillating fiber detectors to study the behavior and precision of this system in simple dosimetric situations. The scintillation detector showed no measurable angular dependence. Comparison of the scintillation detector and a small-volume ion chamber showed agreement except for 1x1 and 0.5x5.0 cm{sup 2} fields where the output factor measured by the scintillator was higher. The actual field of view of the camera could accept more than 4000 scintillating fiber detectors simultaneously. Evaluation of the dose profile and depth dose curve using a prototype with ten scintillating fiber detectors showed precise, rapid dose evaluation even with placement of more than 75 optical fibers in the field to simulate what would happen in a larger array. We concluded that this scintillating fiber dosimeter array is a valuable tool for dose measurement in external beam radiotherapy. It possesses the qualities necessary to evaluate small and irregular fields with various incident angles such as those encountered in intensity-modulated radiotherapy, radiosurgery, and tomotherapy.

Archambault, Louis; Beddar, A. Sam; Gingras, Luc; Lacroix, Frederic; Roy, Rene; Beaulieu, Luc [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, 77030 (United States) and Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, 77030 (United States); Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada); Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada); Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec City (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec (Canada)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Views of the solar system  

SciTech Connect

Views of the Solar System has been created as an educational tour of the solar system. It contains images and information about the Sun, planets, moons, asteroids and comets found within the solar system. The image processing for many of the images was done by the author. This tour uses hypertext to allow space travel by simply clicking on a desired planet. This causes information and images about the planet to appear on screen. While on a planet page, hyperlinks travel to pages about the moons and other relevant available resources. Unusual terms are linked to and defined in the Glossary page. Statistical information of the planets and satellites can be browsed through lists sorted by name, radius and distance. History of Space Exploration contains information about rocket history, early astronauts, space missions, spacecraft and detailed chronology tables of space exploration. The Table of Contents page has links to all of the various pages within Views Of the Solar System.

Hamilton, C.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

NIST: X-Ray Mass Atten. Coef. - Tissue-Equivalent Gas ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table of Contents Back to table 4 Tissue-Equivalent Gas (Propane Based) HTML table format. Energy, ?/?, ? en /?. (MeV), (cm 2 /g), (cm 2 /g). ...

219

Logical queries over views: Decidability and expressiveness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of deciding the satisfiability of first-order logic queries over views, with our aim to delimit the boundary between the decidable and the undecidable fragments of this language. Views currently occupy a central place in database ... Keywords: Löwenheim class, Satisfiability, conjunctive query, containment, database query, database view, decidability, first-order logic, monadic logic, ontology reasoning, unary logic, unary view

James Bailey; Guozhu Dong; Anthony WIDJAJA To

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

TotalView Parallel Debugger at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Totalview Totalview Totalview Description TotalView from Rogue Wave Software is a parallel debugging tool that can be run with up to 512 processors. It provides both X Windows-based Graphical User Interface (GUI) and command line interface (CLI) environments for debugging. The performance of the GUI can be greatly improved if used in conjunction with free NX software. The TotalView documentation web page is a good resource for learning more about some of the advanced TotalView features. Accessing Totalview at NERSC To use TotalView at NERSC, first load the TotalView modulefile to set the correct environment settings with the following command: % module load totalview Compiling Code to Run with TotalView In order to use TotalView, code must be compiled with the -g option. We

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Adaptation of user views to business requirements: towards adaptive views models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes an approach to model user views in service-oriented groupware systems in order to support the adaptation of views in collaborative projects environments. The issue is to adapt the visualization to the users' business requirements ... Keywords: AEC (architecture engineering construction), CSCW, information visualization, model driven engineering, user view, user view model

Conrad Boton; Sylvain Kubicki; Gilles Halin

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

A Regulator's View of Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission regulates essentially all types of public utilities and has the authority to investigate issues of public interest. To establish a point of reference, Pennsylvania's utilities contribute about 5 percent of the total national electric generation. In view of the energy requirements of Pennsylvania's industry and the impact of increasing energy costs on employment the Commission directed its technical staff to investigate the potential for industrial cogeneration and a pricing formula consistent with the electric utilities' costs. The Commission's technical staff has completed proposed regulations to implement the provisions of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) Section 210 concerning small power producers. The regulations incorporate suggestions from both potential producers and utilities. Staff has devised a strategy for utility purchases of energy and capacity which should be of interest to regulators in other jurisdictions, encourage potential cogenerators and satisfy utilities.

Shanaman, S. M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Kicked-Harper model vs On-Resonance Double Kicked Rotor Model: From Spectral Difference to Topological Equivalence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent studies have established that, in addition to the well-known kicked Harper model (KHM), an on-resonance double kicked rotor model (ORDKR) also has Hofstadter's butterfly Floquet spectrum, with strong resemblance to the standard Hofstadter's spectrum that is a paradigm in studies of the integer quantum Hall effect. Earlier it was shown that these quasi-energy spectra of the two dynamical models can (i) exactly overlap with each other if an effective Planck constant takes irrational multiples of $2\\pi$ and (ii) will be different if the same parameter takes rational multiples of $2\\pi$. This work makes some detailed comparison between these two models, with an effective Planck constant given by $2\\pi M/N$, where $M$ and $N$ are coprime integers. It is found that for odd $M$ and $N$, the ORDKR spectrum has one flat band and $N-1$ non-flat bands whose widths decay in power law as $\\sim K^{N+2}$, where $K$ is a kicking strength parameter. The existence of a flat band is strictly proved and the power law scaling, numerically checked for a number of cases, is also analytically proved for a three-band case. By contrast, the KHM does not have any flat band and their band width scales linearly with $K$. This is shown to result in dramatic differences in their dynamical behavior, such as transient (but extremely long) dynamical localization in ORDKR. Finally, we show that despite these differences, from a topological point of view, KHM and ORDRK are actually topologically equivalent. A theoretical derivation of this topological equivalence is provided.

Hailong Wang; Derek Y. H. Ho; Wayne Lawton; Jiao Wang; Jiangbin Gong

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

224

Periodic equivalence ratio modulation method and apparatus for controlling combustion instability  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) method and apparatus significantly reduces and/or eliminates unstable conditions within a combustion chamber. The method involves modulating the equivalence ratio for the combustion device, such that the combustion device periodically operates outside of an identified unstable oscillation region. The equivalence ratio is modulated between preselected reference points, according to the shape of the oscillation region and operating parameters of the system. Preferably, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a first stable condition to a second stable condition, and, alternatively, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a stable condition to an unstable condition. The method is further applicable to multi-nozzle combustor designs, whereby individual nozzles are alternately modulated from stable to unstable conditions. Periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) is accomplished by active control involving periodic, low frequency fuel modulation, whereby low frequency fuel pulses are injected into the main fuel delivery. Importantly, the fuel pulses are injected at a rate so as not to affect the desired time-average equivalence ratio for the combustion device.

Richards, George A.; Janus, Michael C.; Griffith, Richard A.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Large-Strain Time-Temperature Equivalence and Adiabatic Heating of Polyethylene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time-temperature equivalence is a well-known phenomenon in time-dependent material response, where rapid events at a moderate temperature are indistinguishable from some occurring at modest rates but elevated temperatures. However, there is as-yet little elucidation of how well this equivalence holds for substantial plastic strains. In this work, we demonstrate time-temperature equivalence over a large range in a previously studied high-density polyethylene formulation (HDPE). At strain-rates exceeding 0.1/s, adiabatic heating confounds the comparison of nominally isothermal material response, apparently violating time-temperature equivalence. Strain-rate jumps can be employed to access the instantaneous true strain rate without heating. Adiabatic heating effects were isolated by comparing a locus of isothermal instantaneous flow stress measurements from strain-rate jumps up to 1/s with the predicted equivalent states at 0.01/s and 0.001/s in compression. Excellent agreement between the isothermal jump condition locus and the quasi-static tests was observed up to 50% strain, yielding one effective isothermal plastic response for each material for a given time-temperature equivalent state. These results imply that time-temperature equivalence can be effectively used to predict the deformation response of polymers during extreme mechanical events (large strain and high strain-rate) from measurements taken at reduced temperatures and nominal strain-rates in the laboratory.

Furmanski, Jevan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brown, Eric [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cady, Carl M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

226

,"Louisiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sla_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sla_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

227

,"Nebraska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nebraska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sne_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sne_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

228

,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_spa_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_spa_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

229

,"South Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","South Dakota Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_ssd_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_ssd_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

230

,"Wyoming Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wyoming Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_swy_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_swy_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

231

,"Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_smi_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_smi_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

232

,"Florida Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Florida Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sfl_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sfl_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

233

,"Mississippi Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Mississippi Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sms_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sms_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

234

,"Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_stx_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_stx_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

235

,"Montana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Montana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_smt_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_smt_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

236

,"Kansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sks_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sks_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

237

,"Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sal_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sal_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

238

,"California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sca_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sca_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

239

,"Oklahoma Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oklahoma Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sok_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sok_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

240

,"Ohio Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Ohio Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_soh_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_soh_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

,"Utah Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sut_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sut_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

242

,"Alaska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alaska Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sak_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sak_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

243

,"Indiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Indiana Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1150_sin_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1150_sin_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

244

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Development of Attribute Preserving Network Equivalents - Tom Overbye  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Network Equivalents Thomas J. Overbye Fox Family Professor of Electrical and Computer Eng. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign overbye@illinois.edu Graduate Students Wonhyeok Jang (wjang7@illinois.edu) Saurav Mohapatra (smohapa2@illinois.edu) August 7-8, 2012 CERTS Meeting Overview  Objective - develop attribute preserving power system network equivalents - preserve the essence of a model for some purpose  Desirable properties include... - Economic analysis of electric power systems including transfer capacity - Transient stability response - LMP characteristics - Application Dependent!!  Present focus is on developing equivalents that preserve the line limits of the original system 2 Applications of Previous Work

245

Does Quantum Mechanics Clash with the Equivalence Principle - and Does it Matter?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With an eye on developing a quantum theory of gravity, many physicists have recently searched for quantum challenges to the equivalence principle of general relativity. However, as historians and philosophers of science are well aware, the principle of equivalence is not so clear. When clarified, we think quantum tests of the equivalence principle won't yield much. The problem is that the clash/not-clash is either already evident or guaranteed not to exist. Nonetheless, this work does help teach us what it means for a theory to be geometric.

Okon, Elias

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

A Linear Equivalent Barotropic Model of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current with Realistic Coastlines and Bottom Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear equivalent barotropic (EB) model is applied to study the effects of the bottom topography H and baroclinicity on the total transport and the position of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC). The model is based on the observation of ...

Alexander Krupitsky; Vladimir M. Kamenkovich; Naomi Naik; Mark A. Cane

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Learning Spanish-Galician translation equivalents using a comparable corpus and a bilingual dictionary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

So far, research on extraction of translation equivalents from comparable, non-parallel corpora has not been very popular. The main reason was the poor results when compared to those obtained from aligned parallel corpora. The method proposed in this ...

Pablo Gamallo Otero; José Ramom Pichel Campos

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

A Simple Method for Specifying Snowpack Water Equivalent in the Northeastern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistical regression models were developed to estimate snowpack water equivalent (SWE) using only meteorological variables available at National Co-operative Observer Program (co-op) sites. These include the square root of snow depth, the ...

D. Samelson; D. S. Wilks

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Equivalence of Fluctuation Splitting and Finite Volume for One-Dimensional Gas Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The equivalence of the discretized equations resulting from both fluctuation splitting and finite volume schemes is demonstrated in one dimension. Scalar equations are considered for advection, diffusion, and combined advection/diffusion. Analysis of ...

Wood William A.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Estimating Snow Water Equivalent Using Snow Depth Data and Climate Classes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many practical applications snow depth is known, but snow water equivalent (SWE) is needed as well. Measuring SWE takes 20 times as long as measuring depth, which in part is why depth measurements outnumber SWE measurements worldwide. Here a ...

Matthew Sturm; Brian Taras; Glen E. Liston; Chris Derksen; Tobias Jonas; Jon Lea

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Equivalent electric circuit modeling of differential structures in PCB with genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces an equivalent circuit extraction technique for differential structures using a hybrid genetic algorithm. The procedure searches for the proper parameters of lumped circuit elements to fit the scattering parameters which can be obtained ...

Jong Kang Park; Yong Ki Byun; Jong Tae Kim

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Equivalent Transformations in the Model of Programs with Commuting and Monotone Operators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fundamental problem in the theory of algebraic program models is considered. It consists in constructing a system of equivalent transformations of program schemes that is complete in the model. It is solved for a model different from those considered ...

R. I. Podlovchenko

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Feasibility Test of Multifrequency Radiometric Data Assimilation to Estimate Snow Water Equivalent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A season-long, point-scale radiometric data assimilation experiment is performed in order to test the feasibility of snow water equivalent (SWE) estimation. Synthetic passive microwave observations at Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) and ...

Michael Durand; Steven A. Margulis

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Satellite-Scale Snow Water Equivalent Assimilation into a High-Resolution Land Surface Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four methods based on the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) are tested to assimilate coarse-scale (25 km) snow water equivalent (SWE) observations (typical of passive microwave satellite retrievals) into finescale (1 km) land model simulations. ...

Gabriëlle J. M. De Lannoy; Rolf H. Reichle; Paul R. Houser; Kristi R. Arsenault; Niko E. C. Verhoest; Valentijn R. N. Pauwels

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Automated Quality Control Procedure for the "Water Equivalent of Snow on the Ground" Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Snow water equivalent (SWE) has been measured daily by the United States National Weather Service since 1952, whenever snow depth is 2 in. (5 cm) or greater. These data are used to develop design snow loads for buildings, for hydrological ...

Thomas W. Schmidlin; Daniel S. Wilks; Megan McKay; Richard P. Cember

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Simulation of Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) Using Thermodynamic Snow Models in Québec, Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Snow cover plays a key role in the climate system by influencing the transfer of energy and mass between the soil and the atmosphere. In particular, snow water equivalent (SWE) is of primary importance for climatological and hydrological ...

A. Langlois; J. Kohn; A. Royer; P. Cliche; L. Brucker; G. Picard; M. Fily; C. Derksen; J. M. Willemet

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Modulation of shallow water equatorial waves due to a varying equivalent height background  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of convectively coupled equatorial waves (CCEWs) is analyzed in an idealized model of the large scale atmospheric circulation. The model is composed of a linear rotating shallow water system with a variable equivalent height, or ...

Juliana Dias; Pedro L. Silva Dias; George N. Kiladis; Maria Gehne

258

Determination of equivalent breast phantoms for different age groups of Taiwanese women: An experimental approach  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) slab is one of the mostly used phantoms for studying breast dosimetry in mammography. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the equivalence between exposure factors acquired from PMMA slabs and patient cases of different age groups of Taiwanese women in mammography. Methods: This study included 3910 craniocaudal screen/film mammograms on Taiwanese women acquired on one mammographic unit. The tube loading, compressed breast thickness (CBT), compression force, tube voltage, and target/filter combination for each mammogram were collected for all patients. The glandularity and the equivalent thickness of PMMA were determined for each breast using the exposure factors of the breast in combination with experimental measurements from breast-tissue-equivalent attenuation slabs. Equivalent thicknesses of PMMA to the breasts of Taiwanese women were then estimated. Results: The average {+-} standard deviation CBT and breast glandularity in this study were 4.2 {+-} 1.0 cm and 54% {+-} 23%, respectively. The average equivalent PMMA thickness was 4.0 {+-} 0.7 cm. PMMA slabs producing equivalent exposure factors as in the breasts of Taiwanese women were determined for the age groups 30-49 yr and 50-69 yr. For the 4-cm PMMA slab, the CBT and glandularity values of the equivalent breast were 4.1 cm and 65%, respectively, for the age group 30-49 yr and 4.4 cm and 44%, respectively, for the age group 50-69 yr. Conclusions: The average thickness of PMMA slabs producing the same exposure factors as observed in a large group of Taiwanese women is less than that reported for American women. The results from this study can provide useful information for determining a suitable thickness of PMMA for mammographic dose survey in Taiwan. The equivalence of PMMA slabs and the breasts of Taiwanese women is provided to allow average glandular dose assessment in clinical practice.

Dong, Shang-Lung; Chu, Tieh-Chi; Lin, Yung-Chien; Lan, Gong-Yau; Yeh, Yu-Hsiu; Chen, Sharon; Chuang, Keh-Shih [Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, 101 Section 2, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Department of Radiology, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, 45 Cheng Hsin Street, Pai-Tou District, Taipei 11220, Taiwan (China); Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan (China); Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, 101 Section 2, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

TH?C?230A?05: Neutron Scattered Dose Equivalent to a Fetus From Proton Radiotherapy of the Mother  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scatteredneutrondose equivalent to a representative point for a fetus is evaluated in an anthropomorphic phantom of the mother undergoing protonradiotherapy. The effect on scatteredneutrondose equivalent to the fetus of changing the incident proton beam energy

G Mesoloras; G Sandison; R Stewart; J Farr; W Hsi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Evaluation and Application of Conditional Symmetric Instability, Equivalent Potential Vorticity, and Frontogenetic Forcing in an Operational Forecast Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The related fields of equivalent potential temperature (?e), geostrophic momentum (Mg), equivalent potential vorticity (EPV), and frontogenetic forcing were computed, analyzed, and evaluated for two mid-Atlantic states snowstorms in which ...

James L. Wiesmueller; Steven M. Zubrick

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Answering XML queries using materialized views revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Answering queries using views is a well-established technique in databases. In this context, two outstanding problems can be formulated. The first one consists in deciding whether a query can be answered exclusively using one or multiple materialized ... Keywords: XML, materialized views, xpath query evaluation

Xiaoying Wu; Dimitri Theodoratos; Wendy Hui Wang

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Query and update through XML views  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

XML has become a standard medium for data exchange, and XML views are frequently used as an interface to relational database and XML data. There have been a considerable number of studies on building and querying XML views, while updating related topics ...

Gao Cong

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Designing presentations for on-demand viewing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasingly often, presentations are given before a live audience, while simultaneously being viewed remotely and recorded for subsequent viewing on-demand over the Web. How should video presentations be designed for web access? How is video accessed ... Keywords: digital library, streaming media, video on-demand

Liwei He; Jonathan Grudin; Anoop Gupta

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

User_Sup_ViewEmpMatrix  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

an Employee Matrix (Supervisor) an Employee Matrix (Supervisor) © 2011 SuccessFactors, Inc. - 1 - SuccessFactors Learning Confidential. All rights reserved. Job Aid: Viewing an Employee Matrix (Supervisor) Purpose The purpose of this job aid is to guide supervisor users through the step-by-step process of viewing an employee matrix within SuccessFactors Learning. Task A. View an Employee Matrix From the Home page, click the My Employees tab. Click the Employee Matrix supervisor link. Click the Change Measures expand arrow ( ) to select criteria for comparison. View an Employee Matrix 8 Steps Task A 3 3 1 1 2 2 SuccessFactors Learning v 6.4 User Job Aid Viewing an Employee Matrix (Supervisor) © 2011 SuccessFactors, Inc. - 2 - SuccessFactors Learning Select a measure for the

265

Mountain View Grand | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grand Grand Jump to: navigation, search Name Mountain View Grand Facility Mountain View Grand Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Mountain View Grand Developer Sustainable Energy Developments Energy Purchaser Mountain View Grand Location Mountain View Grand Resort & Spa NH Coordinates 44.397987°, -71.590306° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.397987,"lon":-71.590306,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

266

Search and View a Service Request Search and View a Service Request,vlr  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FAMIS Search and View a Service Request Search and View a Service Request,vlr 10/6/2012 © 2012 Northwestern University 1 Search and View a Service Request This training guide will show you how to search completion of this guide you will be able to: · Sign in to FAMIS Self Service · Search for service requests

Shull, Kenneth R.

267

Derivation of Accident-Specific Material-at-Risk Equivalency Factors  

SciTech Connect

A novel method for calculating material at risk (MAR) dose equivalency developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) now allows for increased utilization of dose equivalency for facility MAR control. This method involves near-real time accounting for the use of accident and material specific release and transport. It utilizes all information from the committed effective dose equation and the five factor source term equation to derive dose equivalency factors which can be used to establish an overall facility or process MAR limit. The equivalency factors allow different nuclide spectrums to be compared for their respective dose consequences by relating them to a specific quantity of an identified reference nuclide. The ability to compare spectrums to a reference limit ensures that MAR limits are in fact bounding instead of attempting to establish a representative or bounding spectrum which may lead to unintended or unanalyzed configurations. This methodology is then coupled with a near real time material tracking system which allows for accurate and timely material composition information and corresponding MAR equivalency values. The development of this approach was driven by the complex nature of processing operations in some INL facilities. This type of approach is ideally suited for facilities and processes where the composition of the MAR and possible release mechanisms change frequently but in well defined fashions and in a batch-type nature.

Jason P. Andrus; Dr. Chad L. Pope

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Effects of fuel type and equivalence ratios on the flickering of triple flames  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental study has been conducted in axisymmetric, co-flowing triple flames with different equivalence ratios of the inner and outer reactant streams (2propane/propane, propane/methane or methane/methane in the inner and outer streams respectively, have been used in the experiments. The structures of the triple flames have been compared for the different fuel combinations and equivalence ratios. The conditions under which triple flames exhibit oscillation have been identified. During the oscillation, the non-premixed flame and the outer lean premixed flame flicker strongly, while the inner rich premixed flame remains more or less stable. The flickering frequency has been evaluated through image processing and fast Fourier transform (FFT) of the average pixel intensity of the image frames. It is observed that, for all the fuel combinations, the frequency decreases with the increase in the outer equivalence ratio, while it is relatively invariant with the change in the inner equivalence ratio. However, an increase in the inner equivalence ratio affects the structure of the flame by increasing the heights of the inner premixed flame and non-premixed flame and also enlarges the yellow soot-laden zone at the tip of the inner flame. A scaling analysis of the oscillating flames has been performed based on the measured parameters, which show a variation of Strouhal number (St) with Richardson number (Ri) as St {proportional_to} Ri{sup 0.5}. The fuel type is found to have no influence on this correlation. (author)

Sahu, K.B.; Kundu, A.; Ganguly, R.; Datta, A. [Department of Power Engineering, Jadavpur University, Salt Lake Campus, Kolkata 700098 (India)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Grand View-on-Hudson, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

View-on-Hudson, New York: Energy Resources View-on-Hudson, New York: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.0639856°, -73.9204144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0639856,"lon":-73.9204144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

270

Microsoft Word - LS-324 - Equivalent Circuit Model & Power Calculations - DRAFT.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT MODEL AND POWER CALCULATIONS EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT MODEL AND POWER CALCULATIONS FOR THE APS SPX CRAB CAVITIES T. Berenc 1/26/2011 Abstract An equivalent parallel resistor-inductor-capacitor (RLC) circuit with beam loading for a polarized TM 110 dipole-mode cavity is developed and minimum radio- frequency (rf) generator requirements are calculated for the Advanced Photon Source (APS) short-pulse x-ray (SPX) superconducting rf (SRF) crab cavities. INTRODUCTION The polarized TM 110 dipole-mode loss parameter is defined as [1]: U y V Q y R q U y k Z r loss 4 ) ( 2 ) ( ) ( 2 ) 1 ( 2      , (1) where ) ( ) 1 ( y R is the shunt resistance of the dipole-mode transverse wake impedance, U loss is the energy lost to the dipole-mode by charge q with vertical offset y, Q is the loaded quality factor of the cavity, and

271

Reconstruction of chronic dose equivalents for Rongelap and Utirik residents: 1954 to 1980  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From June 1946 to August 1958, the US Department of Defense and Atomic Energy Commission conducted nuclear weapons tests in the Northern Marshall Islands. BRAVO, an aboveground test in the Castle series, resulted in radioactive fallout contaminating Rongelap and Utirik Atolls. On March 3, 1954, the inhabitants of these atolls were relocated until radiation exposure rates declined to acceptable levels. Environmental and personnel radiological monitoring programs were begun in the mid 1950's by Brookhaven National Laboratory to ensure that dose equivalents received or committed remained within US Federal Radiation Council Guidelines for members of the general public. Body burden and dose equivalent histories along with activity ingestion patterns post return are presented. Dosimetric methods, results, and internal dose equivalent distributions for subgroups of the population are also described.

Lessard, E.T.; Greenhouse, N.A.; Miltenberger, R.P.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Preventing Molten Aluminium Water Explosions through the Use of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy released from one kilogram of molten aluminium reacted with oxygen is equivalent to detonating 3 kilograms of trinitrotoluene (TNT). For over 60 ...

273

Berkeley Lab View -- March 28, 2008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 28th, 2008 Search the View Archive March 28th, 2008 Search the View Archive State of the Lab: New Initiatives, Construction Daniel Chemla (1940-2008): A Remembrance of His Career The View is Going Green DOE Excellence Award to Foundry Project Team Berkeley Lab View Here Comes BELLA: The BErkeley Lab Laser Acceleration Project Berkeley Lab Science Roundup State of the Lab: New Initiatives, Construction By Lynn Yarris image Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt, CSO Free electron lasers with attosecond capabilities, a high-energy electron accelerator less than a meter in length, the arrival of NERSC-6 and the departure of GELCO-4 were some of the highlights of Berkeley Lab Director Steve Chu's State-of-the-Lab address, which he delivered at the Building 50 Auditorium during the noon hour on March 10, with simulcast to the

274

Lake View Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Lake View Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Lake View Geothermal Facility General Information Name Lake View Geothermal Facility Facility Lake View Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Location The Geysers, California Coordinates 38.823527148671°, -122.78173327446° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.823527148671,"lon":-122.78173327446,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

275

Incorporating video into Google Mobile Street View  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile Street View is a compelling application but suffers from significant latency problems, especially in limited bandwidth circumstances. Currently, the application uses static images to display street level information. ...

Wright, Christina (Christina E.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

A common-view disciplined oscillator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a common-view disciplined oscillator (CVDO) that locks to a reference time scale through the use of common-view global positioning system (GPS) satellite measurements. The CVDO employs a proportional-integral-derivative controller that obtains near real-time common-view GPS measurements from the internet and provides steering corrections to a local oscillator. A CVDO can be locked to any time scale that makes real-time common-view data available and can serve as a high-accuracy, self-calibrating frequency and time standard. Measurement results are presented where a CVDO is locked to UTC(NIST), the coordinated universal time scale maintained at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Boulder, Colorado.

Lombardi, Michael A. [Time and Frequency Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Dahlen, Aaron P. [Loran Support Unit, United States Coast Guard (USCG), Wildwood, New Jersey 08260 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

A view-sequential 3D display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis outlines the various techniques for creating electronic 3D displays and analyzes their commercial potential. The thesis argues for the use of view-sequential techniques in the design of 3D displays based on ...

Cossairt, Oliver S. (Oliver Strider), 1978-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

The new option view of investment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides a simple introduction to the new option view of investment. We explain the shortcomings of the orthodox theory, and then outline the basic ideas behind the option framework. Several industry examples ...

Dixit, Avinash K.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Inherent fluctuation-mediated equivalent force drives directional motions of nanoscale asymmetric particles -- Surf-riding of asymmetric molecules in thermal fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a simple theoretical model of a nanoscale asymmetric particle/molecule with asymmetric structure or/and asymmetric charge distribution, here using a charge dipole as an example, we show that there is unidirectional transportation mediated by non-white fluctuations if the asymmetric orientation of the particle/molecule is constrained. This indicates the existence of an inherent equivalent force, which drives the particle/molecule itself along the orientation of the asymmetric particle in the environment of fluctuations. In practical systems, equivalent force also exist in the asymmetric molecules, such as water and ethanol, at the ambient condition since thermal fluctuations are not white anymore at nanoscale [Wan, R., J. Hu, and H. Fang, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 2012, 55, 751]. Molecular dynamic simulations show that there is unidirectional transportation of an ultrathin water layer on solid surface at room temperature when the orientations of water molecules have a preference. The finding will play an essential role in the understanding of the world from a molecular view and the developing of novel technology for various nanoscale and bulk applications, such as chemical separation, water treatment, sensing and drug delivery.

Yusong Tu; Nan Sheng; Rongzheng Wan; Haiping Fang

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

280

The equivalence of uniform and Shapley value-based cost allocations in a specific game  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper concerns the possible equivalence of the Shapley value and other allocations in specific games. For a group buying game with a linear quantity discount schedule, the uniform allocation results in the same cost allocation as the Shapley value. ... Keywords: Cooperative game, Core, Group buying, Shapley value, Uniform cost allocation

Rachel R. Chen; Shuya Yin

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Remarks on the equivalence of full additivity and monotonicity for the entanglement cost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse the relationship between the full additivity of the entanglement cost and its full monotonicity under local operations and classical communication. We show that the two properties are equivalent for the entanglement cost. The proof works for the regularization of any convex, subadditive, and asymptotically continuous entanglement monotone, and hence also applies to the asymptotic relative entropy of entanglement.

Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Michal Horodecki; Martin B. Plenio; Shashank Virmani

2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

282

On the Equivalence of Semi-Lagrangian Schemes and Particle-in-Cell Finite Element Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the semi-Lagrangian schemes with cubic spline interpolation are equivalent to a particle-in-cell finite element method. The method conserves mass, is unconditionally stable, and has a truncation error as high as fourth-order for ...

Rodolfo Bermejo

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Numerical fluid solutions for nonlocal electron transport in hot plasmas: Equivalent diffusion versus nonlocal source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flux limitation and preheat are important processes in electron transport occurring in laser produced plasmas. The proper calculation of both of these has been a subject receiving much attention over the entire lifetime of the laser fusion project. Where ... Keywords: Equivalent diffusion, Implicit-explicit diffusion algorithm, Krook model, Nonlocal electron transport, Numerical stability

Denis Colombant; Wallace Manheimer

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Creating dynamic equivalent PV circuit models with impedance spectroscopy for arc-fault modeling.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Article 690.11 in the 2011 National Electrical Code{reg_sign} (NEC{reg_sign}) requires new photovoltaic (PV) systems on or penetrating a building to include a listed arc fault protection device. Currently there is little experimental or empirical research into the behavior of the arcing frequencies through PV components despite the potential for modules and other PV components to filter or attenuate arcing signatures that could render the arc detector ineffective. To model AC arcing signal propagation along PV strings, the well-studied DC diode models were found to inadequately capture the behavior of high frequency arcing signals. Instead dynamic equivalent circuit models of PV modules were required to describe the impedance for alternating currents in modules. The nonlinearities present in PV cells resulting from irradiance, temperature, frequency, and bias voltage variations make modeling these systems challenging. Linearized dynamic equivalent circuits were created for multiple PV module manufacturers and module technologies. The equivalent resistances and capacitances for the modules were determined using impedance spectroscopy with no bias voltage and no irradiance. The equivalent circuit model was employed to evaluate modules having irradiance conditions that could not be measured directly with the instrumentation. Although there was a wide range of circuit component values, the complex impedance model does not predict filtering of arc fault frequencies in PV strings for any irradiance level. Experimental results with no irradiance agree with the model and show nearly no attenuation for 1 Hz to 100 kHz input frequencies.

Johnson, Jay Dean; Kuszmaul, Scott S.; Strauch, Jason E.; Schoenwald, David Alan

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Fundamental groups, homology equivalences and one-sided h-cobordisms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a sufficient and necessary condition of the fundamental group homomorphism of a map between manifolds to induce homology equivalences. Moreover, a classification of one-sided h-cobordism of manifolds up to diffeomorphisms is obtained, based on Quillen's plus construction with Whitehead torsions.

Yang Su; Shengkui Ye

286

Extrapolating Impingement and Entrainment Losses to Equivalent Adults and Production Foregone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidance on the use of two types of fish loss extrapolation models: equivalent adult (EA) and production foregone (PF) models. The report is a companion to EPRI report 1007821, which summarizes impingement survival information and EPRI report 1000757, which summarizes entrainment survival information. It complements EPRI reports TR-112013 and 1005176, which review fish population assessment methods in general.

2004-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

287

Conditions for exact equivalence of Kaluza-Klein and Yang-Mills theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although it is well known that Kaluza-Klein and Yang-Mills theories define equivalent structures on principal bundles, the general conditions for equivalence of their Lagrangians have not been explicitly stated. In this paper we address the conditions for equivalence. The formulation of these conditions is based on previous work in which the Dirac and Einstein equations were unified in a tetrad formulation of the Kaluza-Klein model. This Kaluza-Klein model is derived from mapping a bispinor field to a set of SL(2,R) x U(1) gauge potentials and a complex scalar field. (A straightforward derivation of this map using Hestenes' tetrad for the spin connection in a Riemannian space-time is included in this paper.) Investigation of this Kaluza-Klein model reveals two general conditions for establishing an exact equivalence between Kaluza-Klein and Yang-Mills theories. The first condition is that only horizontal vector fields occur in the Kaluza-Klein Lagrangian. The second is that the scalar curvature be restricted to a sum over horizontal sectional curvatures. We conclude that all known fields (including fermion fields) can then be represented as components of a Kaluza-Klein metric together with scalar fields.

Frank Reifler; Randall Morris

2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

288

Calculation of extremity neutron fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors are calculated for three types of finger and wrist extremity phantoms: (1) the polymethyl methacrylate models specified by the U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program for Personnel Dosimetry Systems (DOELAP); (2) the tissue-and-bone phantoms suggested by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; and (3) the Radiology Support Devices (RSD) Inc. RS-122T an-n/shoulder phantom. Extremity factors are determined at shallow surface and bone levels for bare, D20moderated and polyethylene moderated 112Cf. The DOELAP free-field calibration geometry and a realistic glovebox scenario are simulated using a Monte Carlo neutron and photon transport code. Calculated DOELAP and RSD extremity fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors for the free-field calibration geometry are 1 to 9 percent lower than the calculated whole-body conversion factor. The tissue-and-bone phantoms exhibit conversion factors 1 to 10 percent greater than the whole-body factor. Glovebox fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors range from 12 percent less than to 128 percent greater than calculated free-field whole-body conversion factors. A preliminary evaluation of the application of the calculated fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors to Los Alamos National Laboratory extremity dosimeter correction factors is performed.

Wood-Zika, Annmarie Ruth

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Neutron scattered dose equivalent to a fetus from proton radiotherapy of the mother  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scattered neutron dose equivalent to a representative point for a fetus is evaluated in an anthropomorphic phantom of the mother undergoing proton radiotherapy. The effect on scattered neutron dose equivalent to the fetus of changing the incident proton beam energy, aperture size, beam location, and air gap between the beam delivery snout and skin was studied for both a small field snout and a large field snout. Measurements of the fetus scattered neutron dose equivalent were made by placing a neutron bubble detector 10 cm below the umbilicus of an anthropomorphic Rando[reg] phantom enhanced by a wax bolus to simulate a second trimester pregnancy. The neutron dose equivalent in milliSieverts (mSv) per proton treatment Gray increased with incident proton energy and decreased with aperture size, distance of the fetus representative point from the field edge, and increasing air gap. Neutron dose equivalent to the fetus varied from 0.025 to 0.450 mSv per proton Gray for the small field snout and from 0.097 to 0.871 mSv per proton Gray for the large field snout. There is likely to be no excess risk to the fetus of severe mental retardation for a typical proton treatment of 80 Gray to the mother since the scattered neutron dose to the fetus of 69.7 mSv is well below the lower confidence limit for the threshold of 300 mGy observed for the occurrence of severe mental retardation in prenatally exposed Japanese atomic bomb survivors. However, based on the linear no threshold hypothesis, and this same typical treatment for the mother, the excess risk to the fetus of radiation induced cancer death in the first 10 years of life is 17.4 per 10 000 children.

Mesoloras, Geraldine; Sandison, George A.; Stewart, Robert D.; Farr, Jonathan B.; Hsi, Wen C. [School of Health Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47906 (United States); Midwest Proton Radiotherapy Institute (MPRI), Bloomington, Indiana 47408 (United States)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

290

Variation of equivalence ratio and element ratios in low-pressure premixed flames of aliphatic fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In previously published work it was found that the element ratios (such as C/O, H/O, H/C) and the equivalence ratio all varied in the flame zone of a low-pressure premixed fuel-rich benzene/oxygen/argon laminar flat flame. These variations were seen from analyses of both the data and detailed kinetic modeling. In the present work, seven additional flames were analyzed in the same manner, including five flames with a single hydrocarbon fuel (methane, acetylene, ethylene, allene, and propene) and two flames with a mixture of fuels (acetylene/allene, hydrogen/allene). All the flames had argon as the diluent, with pressures between 20 and 37.5 Torr, equivalence ratios between 1.6 and 2.5, cold gas velocities between 42 and 126 cm/sec. All of these flames showed variations in the element ratios and equivalence ratios. Furthermore, these variations changed in a consistent pattern with respect to the molecular weight of the fuel. In the flame zone, the percent change in the H/O, C/O and equivalence ratios increased with increasing molecular weight of the fuel, except for the hydrogen/allene flame in which the C/O ratio first increases, then decreases in the flame zone. Also, unlike all the other hydrocarbon flames, the C/O ratio decreases below its inlet value for the methane flame. The H/O and equivalence ratios decrease below their inlet values for the hydrogen/allene flame. These results are explained in terms of differential diffusion effects between the products and the reactants, which increase as the fuel becomes increasingly heavier than the major carbon- and hydrogen-containing products.

C. J. Pope; J. A. Miller

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

291

Energy Use in Chinese Buildings: Views of an Outsider Looking...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Use in Chinese Buildings: Views of an Outsider Looking In Energy Use in Chinese Buildings: Views of an Outsider Looking In Energy Use in Chinese Buildings: Views of an...

292

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Summary: Development of Attribute Preserving Network Equivalents - Tom Overbye  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Network Equivalents Network Equivalents Project Lead: Tom Overbye, Ray Klump Objective: The overall objective of the proposed work is to develop and demonstrate algorithms to construct equivalent system models that preserve desired attributes and behaviors of a large portion (or entire portion) on an interconnected electric power grid. An equivalent is a model of a system that consists of fewer nodes and branches than the corresponding full model. The purpose of an equivalent is to enable more efficient computer simulation of the system, without unduly sacrificing the accuracy of the simulation's results. Major Technical Accomplishments for This Year: As described in the proposal, this year we have focused on development of attribute preserving network equivalents. The

293

Valley View Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Farm Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Valley View Wind Farm Facility Valley View Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Juhl Wind Developer Valley View Transmission Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Outside Chandler MN Coordinates 43.905808°, -96.020508° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.905808,"lon":-96.020508,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

294

Business Apps List View | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Apps List View Apps List View BusinessUSA Data/Tools Apps Challenges Let's Talk BusinessUSA You are here Data.gov » Communities » BusinessUSA List View Showing 1 - 12 of 12 results. Resources sort ascending Type Last Updated On Traveling Entrepreneur Find green government opportunities for small businesses. The app based on your current location retrieves all the government programs and then allows you to share your favorite program on Facebook. Mobile 02/01/2012 Small Business Toolkit Small Business Toolbox provides a way to easily keep up-to-date on government programs, grants, awards, solicitations, and small business programs. Find the closest SBA district office, easily gathering license and permit information. Mobile 01/31/2012 SBIR.gov Awards Search This app allows users to search the SBIR awards database by agency, keyword, and year.

295

states apps list view | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

states apps list view states apps list view States Data Apps Challenges Policies States You are here Data.gov » Communities » States List View Showing 1 - 5 of 5 results. Resources sort ascending Type Last Updated On TrashBackwards Trash Backwards will connect you with current recycling information, Do It Yourself reuse and upcycle tutorials that are easy to follow, reliable articles and infographics, upcycled products and durable alternatives to common single-use items, and links to non-profits and other groups who will benefit greatly from the stuff you're done with. Currently includes Massachusetts and Washington. Apps 02/27/2013 MoDOT's Traveler Information Map App With the launch of MoDOT's new Traveler Information Map mobile app, Missouri travelers can get the latest information on road conditions, work zones, flooding and incidents on their iPhones and Androids. Mobile 05/22/2013

296

Equivalent teleparallel theories in diagonalizable spacetimes: Comment on "Metric-affine approach to teleparallel gravity"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well known that the teleparallel equivalent of general relativity yields the same vacuum solutions as general relativity does, which ensures that this particular teleparallel model is in good agreement with experiments. A less known result concerns the existence of a wider class of teleparallel models which also admits these solutions when the spacetime is diagonalizable by means of a coordinate change. However, it is stated in Ref. [Phys. Rev. D 67, 044016 (2003).] that the teleparallel equivalent of general relativity is the only teleparallel model which admits black holes. To show that this statement is not true, I prove the existence of this wider class by taking an approach different from that of Ref. [Phys. Rev. D 19, 3524 (1979)].

J. B. Formiga

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

297

Measurement of the Equivalent Thermal Resistance of Rooftop Lawns in a Hot-Climate Wind Tunnel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a very hot summer equivalent to a Guangzhou summer, the reduction of heat coming into rooms is very important with respect to thermal comfort and energy efficiency. The objective of this study is to investigate the evaporation cooling effect on a rooftop lawn. A hot-climate wind tunnel experiment was carried out in order to obtain and analyze the heat and moisture transport in the rooftop lawn. Furthermore, a calculation with the energy conservation equation was carried out using the results of the hot-climate wind tunnel experiment. The calculated equivalent thermal resistance and synthesis exterior surface heat transfer coefficient were in fairly good agreement with that in the design standard for energy efficiency of residential buildings in the hot summer and warm winter zone, while the average velocity in hot-climate wind tunnel equals the summer average outdoor velocity in Guangzhou.

Meng, Q.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

The Equivalent Thermal Resistance of Tile Roofs with and without Batten Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clay and concrete tile roofs were installed on a fully instrumented attic test facility operating in East Tennessee s climate. Roof, attic and deck temperatures and heat flows were recorded for each of the tile roofs and also on an adjacent attic cavity covered with a conventionally pigmented and direct-nailed asphalt shingle roof. The data were used to benchmark a computer tool for simulation of roofs and attics and the tool used to develop an approach for computing an equivalent seasonal R-value for sub-tile venting. The approach computed equal heat fluxes through the ceilings of roofs having different combinations of surface radiation properties and or building constructions. A direct nailed shingle roof served as a control for estimating the equivalent thermal resistance of the air space. Simulations were benchmarked to data in the ASHRAE Fundamentals for the thermal resistance of inclined and closed air spaces.

Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Universality in SRG-Evolved Potential Matrix Elements and T-Matrix Equivalence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine how the universality of two-nucleon interactions evolved using similarity renormalization group (SRG) transformations correlates with T-matrix equivalence, with the ultimate goal of gaining insight into universality for three-nucleon forces. With sufficient running of the SRG flow equations, the low-energy matrix elements of different realistic potentials evolve to a universal form. Because these potentials are fit to low-energy data, they are (approximately) phase equivalent only up to a certain energy, and we find universality in evolved potentials up to the corresponding momentum. More generally we find universality in local energy regions, reflecting a local decoupling by the SRG. The further requirements for universality in evolved potential matrix elements are explored using two simple alternative potentials. We see evidence that in addition to predicting the same observables, common long-range potentials (i.e., explicit pion physics) is required for universality in the potential matrix eleme...

Dainton, B; Perry, R J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Strong Equivalence, Lorentz and CPT Violation, Anti-Hydrogen Spectroscopy and Gamma-Ray Burst Polarimetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strong equivalence principle, local Lorentz invariance and CPT symmetry are fundamental ingredients of the quantum field theories used to describe elementary particle physics. Nevertheless, each may be violated by simple modifications to the dynamics while apparently preserving the essential fundamental structure of quantum field theory itself. In this paper, we analyse the construction of strong equivalence, Lorentz and CPT violating Lagrangians for QED and review and propose some experimental tests in the fields of astrophysical polarimetry and precision atomic spectroscopy. In particular, modifications of the Maxwell action predict a birefringent rotation of the direction of linearly polarised radiation from synchrotron emission which may be studied using radio galaxies or, potentially, gamma-ray bursts. In the Dirac sector, changes in atomic energy levels are predicted which may be probed in precision spectroscopy of hydrogen and anti-hydrogen atoms, notably in the Doppler-free, two-photon $1s-2s$ and $2s-nd (n \\sim 10)$ transitions.

Graham M. Shore

2004-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fish Life History Parameter Values for Equivalent Adult and Production Foregone Models: Comprehensive Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A previous Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) report (1008471) provided guidance on the use of two types of extrapolation models used in economic benefits analyses related to entrainment and impingement at power plant intake structures: equivalent adult (EA) models and production foregone (PF) models. To facilitate applications of these models by EPRI members, a follow-on report (1008832) provided estimates of species-specific mortality and growth rate parameters for 25 fish and macroinvertebrate s...

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

302

Formulating a simplified equivalent representation of distribution circuits for PV impact studies.  

SciTech Connect

With an increasing number of Distributed Generation (DG) being connected on the distribution system, a method for simplifying the complexity of the distribution system to an equivalent representation of the feeder is advantageous for streamlining the interconnection study process. The general characteristics of the system can be retained while reducing the modeling effort required. This report presents a method of simplifying feeders to only specified buses-of-interest. These buses-of-interest can be potential PV interconnection locations or buses where engineers want to verify a certain power quality. The equations and methodology are presented with mathematical proofs of the equivalence of the circuit reduction method. An example 15-bus feeder is shown with the parameters and intermediate example reduction steps to simplify the circuit to 4 buses. The reduced feeder is simulated using PowerWorld Simulator to validate that those buses operate with the same characteristics as the original circuit. Validation of the method is also performed for snapshot and time-series simulations with variable load and solar energy output data to validate the equivalent performance of the reduced circuit with the interconnection of PV.

Reno, Matthew J.; Broderick, Robert Joseph; Grijalva, Santiago [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

RCRA permit modifications and the functional equivalency demonstration: A case study  

SciTech Connect

Hazardous waste operating permits issued under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) often impose requirements, typically by reference to the original permit application, that specific components and equipment be used. Consequently, changing these items, even for the purpose of routine maintenance, may first require that the owner/operator request a potentially time-consuming and costly permit modification. However, the owner/operator may demonstrate that a modification is not required because the planned changes are functionally equivalent, as defined by RCRA, to the original specifications embodied by the permit. The Controlled-Air Incinerator at Los Alamos National Laboratory is scheduled for maintenance and improvements that involve replacement of components. The incinerator`s carbon adsorption unit/high efficiency particulate air filtration system, in particular, was redesigned to improve reliability and minimize maintenance. A study was performed to determine whether the redesigned unit would qualify as functionally equivalent to the original component. in performing this study, the following steps were taken: (a) the key performance factors were identified; (b) performance data describing the existing unit were obtained; (c) performance of both the existing and redesigned units was simulated; and (d) the performance data were compared to ascertain whether the components could qualify as functionally equivalent.

Kinker, J.; Lyon, W.; Carnes, R.; Loehr, C. [Benchmark Environmental Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Elsberry, K.; Garcia, P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Solar system and equivalence principle constraints on f(R) gravity by chameleon approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study constraints on f(R) dark energy models from solar system experiments combined with experiments on the violation of equivalence principle. When the mass of an equivalent scalar field degree of freedom is heavy in a region with high density, a spherically symmetric body has a thin-shell so that an effective coupling of the fifth force is suppressed through a chameleon mechanism. We place experimental bounds on the cosmologically viable models recently proposed in literature which have an asymptotic form f(R)=R-lambda R_c [1-(R_c/R)^{2n}] in the regime R >> R_c. From the solar-system constraints on the post-Newtonian parameter gamma, we derive the bound n>0.5, whereas the constraints from the violations of weak and strong equivalence principles give the bound n>0.9. This allows a possibility to find the deviation from the LambdaCDM cosmological model. For the model f(R)=R-lambda R_c(R/R_c)^p with 0

Salvatore Capozziello; Shinji Tsujikawa

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

305

Universality in SRG-Evolved Potential Matrix Elements and T-Matrix Equivalence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine how the universality of two-nucleon interactions evolved using similarity renormalization group (SRG) transformations correlates with T-matrix equivalence, with the ultimate goal of gaining insight into universality for three-nucleon forces. With sufficient running of the SRG flow equations, the low-energy matrix elements of different realistic potentials evolve to a universal form. Because these potentials are fit to low-energy data, they are (approximately) phase equivalent only up to a certain energy, and we find universality in evolved potentials up to the corresponding momentum. More generally we find universality in local energy regions, reflecting a local decoupling by the SRG. The further requirements for universality in evolved potential matrix elements are explored using two simple alternative potentials. We see evidence that in addition to predicting the same observables, common long-range potentials (i.e., explicit pion physics) is required for universality in the potential matrix elements after SRG flow. In agreement with observations made previously for Vlowk evolution, regions of universal potential matrix elements are restricted to where half-on-shell T-matrix equivalence holds.

B. Dainton; R. J. Furnstahl; R. J. Perry

2013-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

306

Reflector modelling of small high leakage cores making use of multi-group nodal equivalence theory  

SciTech Connect

This research focuses on modelling reflectors in typical material testing reactors (MTRs). Equivalence theory is used to homogenise and collapse detailed transport solutions to generate equivalent nodal parameters and albedo boundary conditions for reflectors, for subsequent use in full core nodal diffusion codes. This approach to reflector modelling has been shown to be accurate for two-group large commercial light water reactor (LWR) analysis, but has not been investigated for MTRs. MTRs are smaller, with much larger leakage, environment sensitivity and multi-group spectrum dependencies than LWRs. This study aims to determine if this approach to reflector modelling is an accurate and plausible homogenisation technique for the modelling of small MTR cores. The successful implementation will result in simplified core models, better accuracy and improved efficiency of computer simulations. Codes used in this study include SCALE 6.1, OSCAR-4 and EQUIVA (the last two codes are developed and used at Necsa). The results show a five times reduction in calculational time for the proposed reduced reactor model compared to the traditional explicit model. The calculated equivalent parameters however show some sensitivity to the environment used to generate them. Differences in the results compared to the current explicit model, require more careful investigation including comparisons with a reference result, before its implementation can be recommended. (authors)

Theron, S. A. [South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), PO Box 582, Pretoria, 0001 (South Africa); Reitsma, F. [Calvera Consultants, PO Box 150, Strubensvallei, 1735 (South Africa)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Sharing the viewing experience through second screens  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite the ever expanding forms of digital entertainment and the emergence of consumer recording facilities, allowing viewers to time shift their TV viewing habits, there are still certain TV shows and events that create an audience desire to be part ... Keywords: interactive, mobile, narrative, performance, second screen, shared experience, television, twitter

Mark Lochrie; Paul Coulton

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Book review A Clear View of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magazine R1 Book review A Clear View of the Cell Cycle James E. Ferrell, Jr. The Cell Cycle." It was a timely book, coming right on the heels of the discovery that cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) drive cell book. Enter "The Cell Cycle: Principles of Control", by David Morgan, just published by New Science

309

Measurements of neutron dose equivalent for a proton therapy center using uniform scanning proton beams  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Neutron exposure is of concern in proton therapy, and varies with beam delivery technique, nozzle design, and treatment conditions. Uniform scanning is an emerging treatment technique in proton therapy, but neutron exposure for this technique has not been fully studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the neutron dose equivalent per therapeutic dose, H/D, under various treatment conditions for uniform scanning beams employed at our proton therapy center. Methods: Using a wide energy neutron dose equivalent detector (SWENDI-II, ThermoScientific, MA), the authors measured H/D at 50 cm lateral to the isocenter as a function of proton range, modulation width, beam scanning area, collimated field size, and snout position. They also studied the influence of other factors on neutron dose equivalent, such as aperture material, the presence of a compensator, and measurement locations. They measured H/D for various treatment sites using patient-specific treatment parameters. Finally, they compared H/D values for various beam delivery techniques at various facilities under similar conditions. Results: H/D increased rapidly with proton range and modulation width, varying from about 0.2 mSv/Gy for a 5 cm range and 2 cm modulation width beam to 2.7 mSv/Gy for a 30 cm range and 30 cm modulation width beam when 18 Multiplication-Sign 18 cm{sup 2} uniform scanning beams were used. H/D increased linearly with the beam scanning area, and decreased slowly with aperture size and snout retraction. The presence of a compensator reduced the H/D slightly compared with that without a compensator present. Aperture material and compensator material also have an influence on neutron dose equivalent, but the influence is relatively small. H/D varied from about 0.5 mSv/Gy for a brain tumor treatment to about 3.5 mSv/Gy for a pelvic case. Conclusions: This study presents H/D as a function of various treatment parameters for uniform scanning proton beams. For similar treatment conditions, the H/D value per uncollimated beam size for uniform scanning beams was slightly lower than that from a passive scattering beam and higher than that from a pencil beam scanning beam, within a factor of 2. Minimizing beam scanning area could effectively reduce neutron dose equivalent for uniform scanning beams, down to the level close to pencil beam scanning.

Zheng Yuanshui; Liu Yaxi; Zeidan, Omar; Schreuder, Andries Niek; Keole, Sameer [ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); INTEGRIS Cancer Insititute, 5911 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Treatment Centers, 420 North Walnut Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47404 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

The view-selection problem has an exponential-time lower bound for conjunctive queries and views  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The view-selection problem is to design and materialize a set of views over a database schema, such that the choice of views minimizes the cost of evaluating the selected workload of queries, and the combined size of the materialized views does not exceed ...

Rada Chirkova

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act permit modifications and the functional equivalency demonstration: a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hazardous waste operating permits issued under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) often impose requirements that specific components and equipment be used. Consequently, changing these items, may first require that the owner/operator request a potentially time-consuming and costly permit modification. However, the owner/operator may demonstrate that a modification is not required because the planned changes are ``functionally equivalent.`` The Controlled-Air Incinerator at Los Alamos National Laboratory is scheduled for maintenance and improvements. The incinerator`s carbon adsorption unit/high efficiency particulate air filtration system, was redesigned to improve reliability and minimize maintenance. A study was performed to determine whether the redesigned unit would qualify as functionally equivalent to the original component. In performing this study, the following steps were taken: (a) the key performance factors were identified; (b) performance data describing the existing unit were obtained; (c) performance of both the existing and redesigned units was simulated; and (d) the performance data were compared to ascertain whether the components could qualify as functionally equivalent. In this case, the key performance data included gas residence time and distribution of flow over the activated carbon. Because both units were custom designed and fabricated, a simple comparison of manufacturers` specifications was impossible. Therefore, numerical simulation of each unit design was performed using the TEMPEST thermal-hydraulic computer code to model isothermal hydrodynamic performance under steady-state conditions. The results of residence time calculations from the model were coupled with flow proportion and sampled using a Monte Carlo-style simulation to derive distributions that describe the predicted residence times.

Elsberry, K.; Garcia, P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Carnes, R.; Kinker, J.; Loehr, C; Lyon, W. [Benchmark Environmental Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

consumer apps list view | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

consumer apps list view consumer apps list view Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer Smart Disclosure Apps This page highlights apps and websites that use Smart Disclosure-style data to empower consumers to make better informed choices. The purpose is to illustrate the kinds of innovative apps-web- and mobile-based-that Smart Disclosure can fuel. The galleries below include both government-produced apps and apps created by innovators outside government that have won Federal challenges. Showing 1 - 19 of 19 results. Resources sort ascending Type Last Updated On Smart Traveler Smart Traveler, the official State Department app for U.S. travelers, invites you to see the world with easy access to frequently updated official country information, travel alerts, travel warnings, maps, U.S. embassy locations, and more. Mobile 09/14/2012

313

SOAJ Search : Main View : Deep Federated Search  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SOAJ Search SOAJ Search Search Powered By Deep Web Technologies New Search Preferences Powered by Deep Web Technologies HOME ABOUT ADVANCED SEARCH CONTACT US HELP Science Open Access Journals (SOAJ) Science Open Access Journals Main View This view is used for searching all possible sources. Additional Information Keyword: Title: Additional Information Author: Fields to Match: All Any Field(s) Additional Information Date Range: Beginning Date Range Pick Year 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 toEnding Date Range Pick Year 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 DWT Logo Search Clear All Help Simple Search Select All

314

Reasearch apps list view | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reasearch apps list view Reasearch apps list view Research Menu Data/Tools Apps Resources Let's Talk Research Alpha You are here Data.gov » Communities » Research Applications Showcase Showing 1 - 6 of 6 results. Resources sort ascending Type Last Updated On Wireless Spectrum Research & Development Senior Steering Group's Testbed Information Portal The Wireless Spectrum Research & Development Senior Steering Group's Testbed Information Portal provides information about spectrum testing facilities to government, academic, and industry researchers in need of such facilities. Apps 11/20/2012 The R&D Dashboard The R&D Dashboard beta website provides an initial look at U.S. Federal investments in science and research from two agencies: the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) from years 2000-2009. The R&D Dashboard will expand in a future iteration to include ALL Federal research and development spending and expanded information on outputs. Apps 11/20/2012

315

Entanglement-assisted transformation is asymptotically equivalent to multiple-copy transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that two ways of manipulation of quantum entanglement, namely, entanglement-assisted local transformation [D. Jonathan and M. B. Plenio, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 83}, 3566 (1999)] and multiple-copy transformation [S. Bandyopadhyay, V. Roychowdhury, and U. Sen, Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 65}, 052315 (2002)], are equivalent in the sense that they can asymptotically simulate each other's ability to implement a desired transformation from a given source state to another given target state with the same optimal success probability. As a consequence, this yields a feasible method to evaluate the optimal conversion probability of an entanglement-assisted transformation.

Runyao Duan; Yuan feng; Mingsheng Ying

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

316

The SWAP test and the Hong-Ou-Mandel effect are equivalent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the Hong-Ou-Mandel effect from quantum optics is equivalent to the SWAP test, a quantum information primitive which compares two arbitrary states. We first derive a destructive SWAP test that doesn't need the ancillary qubit that appears in the usual quantum circuit. Then, we study the Hong-Ou-Mandel effect for two photons meeting at a beam splitter and prove it is, in fact, an optical implementation of the destructive SWAP test. This result offers both an interesting simple realization of a powerful quantum information primitive and an alternative way to understand and analyse the Hong-Ou-Mandel effect.

Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin; Pedro Chamorro-Posada

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

317

Applicability of Equivalent Static Method to seismic response of piping and other components  

SciTech Connect

The Equivalent Static Method (ESM) is a simple and cost effective approach in the design of systems and components subjected to seismic loads. However, its applicability is restricted to systems which can be represented by a ``simple model.`` In this paper the restriction to a simple model is examined using the example of a propped cantilever, for which some codes or standards explicitly state that ESM is not applicable. By comparing ESM results for the propped cantilever with those for a regular (un-propped) cantilever, it is found that ESM can conditionally be applied to the propped cantilever configuration.

Hsieh, B.J.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Illustrating an error in "An equivalent condition for a uniform space to be coverable"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Berestovskii and Plaut introduced the concept of a coverable space when developing their theory of generalized universal covering maps for uniform spaces. If a space is coverable and chain connected then it has a generalized universal covering map. Brodskiy, Dydak, LaBuz, and Mitra introduced the concept of a uniformly joinable space when developing a theory of generalized uniform covering maps. It is easy to see that a chain connected coverable space is uniformly joinable. This paper discusses the attempt in Plaut's "An equivalent condition for a uniform space to be coverable" to prove that a uniformly joinable chain connected space is coverable.

Labuz, B

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Equivalence between Entanglement and the Optimal Fidelity of Continuous Variable Teleportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We devise the optimal form of Gaussian resource states enabling continuous variable teleportation with maximal fidelity. We show that a nonclassical optimal fidelity of $N$-user teleportation networks is {\\it necessary and sufficient} for $N$-party entangled Gaussian resources, yielding an estimator of multipartite entanglement. This {\\it entanglement of teleportation} is equivalent to entanglement of formation in the two-user protocol, and to localizable entanglement in the multi-user one. The continuous-variable tangle, quantifying entanglement sharing in three-mode Gaussian states, is operationally linked to the optimal fidelity of a tripartite teleportation network.

Gerardo Adesso; Fabrizio Illuminati

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

320

An nual En ergy Re view 2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

An nual En ergy Re view 2001 An nual En ergy Re view 2001 The An nual En ergy Re view (AER) pres ents the En ergy In for ma tion Ad min - is tra tion's his tor i cal en ergy sta tis tics. For many se ries, sta tis tics are given for ev ery year from 1949 through 2001. The sta tis tics, ex pressed in ei ther phys i cal units or Brit ish ther mal units, cover all ma jor en ergy ac tiv i ties, in - clud ing con sump tion, pro duc tion, trade, stocks, and prices, for all ma jor en - ergy com mod i ties, in clud ing fos sil fu els, elec tric ity, and re new able en ergy sources. Pub li ca tion of this re port is re quired un der Pub lic Law 95-91 (De part ment of En ergy Or ga ni za tion Act), Sec tion 205(c), and is in keep ing with re spon - si bil i ties given to the En ergy In for ma tion Ad min is tra tion un der Sec tion

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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321

The improvement of the method of equivalent cross section in HTR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Method of Equivalence Cross-Sections (MECS) is a combined transport-diffusion method. By appropriately adjusting the diffusion coefficient of homogenized absorber region, the diffusion theory could yield satisfactory results for the full core model with strong neutron absorber material, for example the control rod in High temperature gas cooled reactor (HTR). Original implementation of MECS based on 1-D cell transport model has some limitation on accuracy and applicability, a new implementation of MECS based on 2-D transport model are proposed and tested in this paper. This improvement can extend the MECS to the calculation of twin small absorber ball system which have a non-circular boring in graphite reflector and different radial position. A least-square algorithm for the calculation of equivalent diffusion coefficient is adopted, and special treatment for diffusion coefficient for higher energy group is proposed in the case that absorber is absent. Numerical results to adopt MECS into control rod calculation in HTR are encouraging. However, there are some problems left. (authors)

Guo, J.; Li, F. [Inst. of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing 100084 (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Extreme-Value Statistics for Snowpack Water Equivalent in the Northeastern United States Using the Cooperative Observer Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A procedure is developed to estimate extreme-value statistics for snowpack water equivalent (SWE) using historical snow depth measurements at cooperative observer stations in the northeastern United States. The method specifies “pseudodensities” ...

Daniel S. Wilks; Megan McKay

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

OpenEI:Neutral point of view | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

given to minor points of view. Neutral point of view is a principal core policy of the OpenEI platform. For further information, please refer to our model for this policy,...

324

JOBAID-VIEWING AN EMPLOYEE MATRIX (SUPERVISOR) | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VIEWING AN EMPLOYEE MATRIX (SUPERVISOR) JOBAID-VIEWING AN EMPLOYEE MATRIX (SUPERVISOR) The purpose of this job aid is to guide supervisor users through the step-by-step process of...

325

The equivalent electrical permittivity of gas-solid mixtures at intermediate solid volume fractions.  

SciTech Connect

Several mixture models are evaluated for their suitability in predicting the equivalent permittivity of dielectric particles in a dielectric medium for intermediate solid volume fractions (0.4 to 0.6). Predictions of the Maxwell, Rayleigh, Bottcher and Bruggeman models are compared to computational simulations of several arrangements of solid particles in a gas and to the experimentally determined permittivity of a static particle bed. The experiment uses spherical glass beads in air, so air and glass permittivity values (1 and 7, respectively) are used with all of the models and simulations. The experimental system used to measure the permittivity of the static particle bed and its calibration are described. The Rayleigh model is found to be suitable for predicting permittivity over the entire range of solid volume fractions (0-0.6).

Torczynski, John Robert; Ceccio, Steven Louis; Tortora, Paul Richard

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Necessary conditions of the equivalence of canonical and grand canonical ensembles in Coulomb system thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect

It was found that the equivalence of the grand canonical and canonical ensembles for the Coulomb systems is possible only when charged particles of different types in calculating the physical quantities are considered as formally 'independent' ones, and the quasi-neutrality condition is used in the final stage of calculations. The phase equilibrium condition is obtained and the expression is derived for the isothermal compressibility of matter as a two-component Coulomb system, which corresponds to the known limit relations for static structure factors. On this basis, it is demonstrated that the critical point of matter, considering as the Coulomb system is determined from the condition of vanishing mean square of fluctuations of the total charge per unit volume.

Bobrov, V. B. [Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, 13/19, Izhorskaia Str., Moscow 125412 (Russian Federation); Sokolov, I. M. [Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Trigger, S. A. [Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, 13/19, Izhorskaia Str., Moscow 125412 (Russian Federation); Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications  

SciTech Connect

A clinical prototype of a scintillating fiber dosimeter array for quality assurance applications is presented. The array consists of a linear array of 29 plastic scintillation detectors embedded in a water-equivalent plastic sheet coupled to optical fibers used to guide optical photons to a charge coupled device (CCD) camera. The CCD is packaged in a light-tight, radiation-shielded housing designed for convenient transport. A custom designed connector is used to ensure reproducible mechanical positioning of the optical fibers relative to the CCD. Profile and depth dose characterization measurements are presented and show that the prototype provides excellent dose measurement reproducibility ({+-}0.8%) in-field and good accuracy ({+-}1.6% maximum deviation) relative to the dose measured with an IC10 ionization chamber.

Lacroix, Frederic; Archambault, Louis; Gingras, Luc; Guillot, Mathieu; Beddar, A. Sam; Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d' Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d' Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d' Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

An equivalent circuit model and power calculations for the APS SPX crab cavities.  

SciTech Connect

An equivalent parallel resistor-inductor-capacitor (RLC) circuit with beam loading for a polarized TM110 dipole-mode cavity is developed and minimum radio-frequency (rf) generator requirements are calculated for the Advanced Photon Source (APS) short-pulse x-ray (SPX) superconducting rf (SRF) crab cavities. A beam-loaded circuit model for polarized TM110 mode crab cavities was derived. The single-cavity minimum steady-state required generator power has been determined for the APS SPX crab cavities for a storage ring current of 200mA DC current as a function of external Q for various vertical offsets including beam tilt and uncontrollable detuning. Calculations to aid machine protection considerations were given.

Berenc, T. (Accelerator Systems Division (APS))

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

329

Convergence analysis of a CMFD method based on generalized equivalence theory  

SciTech Connect

CMFD acceleration methods have been successful in reducing the computational burden for steady-state and transient reactor calculations. However, recent work on a complex coupled code BWR ATWS event has exposed possible issues with the stability of the CMFD method when standard CMFD methods are used. During the simulation of the ATWS boron injection event in the BWR, the PARCS code failed to converge with the existing CMFD method. A new CMFD method based on generalized equivalence theory was developed and the PARCS solution converged for the same ATWS event. This paper presents the new method and a detailed analytic and numerical convergence analysis. The results show that the new CMFD converges for all possible cross sections combinations anticipated in Light Water Reactor simulation and unlike existing CMFD methods, it is very robust even when the initial guess is far from final true solution. (authors)

Xu, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory, Bldg. 208, 9700 South Case Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Downar, T. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, Univ. of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2104 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Simulation and Analysis of a Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter Using the Monte Carlo Transport Code FLUKA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to determine how well the Monte Carlo transport code FLUKA can simulate a tissue-equivalent proportional counter (TEPC) and produce the expected delta ray events when exposed to high energy heavy ions (HZE) like in the galactic cosmic ray (GCR) environment. Accurate transport codes are desirable because of the high cost of beam time, the inability to measure the mixed field GCR on the ground and the flexibility they offer in the engineering and design process. A spherical TEPC simulating a 1 um site size was constructed in FLUKA and its response was compared to experimental data for an 56Fe beam at 360 MeV/nucleon. The response of several narrow beams at different impact parameters were used to explain the features of the response of the same detector exposed to a uniform field of radiation. Additionally, an investigation was made into the effect of the wall thickness on the response of the TEPC and the range of delta rays in the tissue-equivalent (TE) wall material. A full impact parameter test (from IP = 0 to IP = detector radius) was performed to show that FLUKA produces the expected wall effect. That is, energy deposition in the gas volume can occur even when the primary beam does not pass through the gas volume. A final comparison to experimental data was made for the simulated TEPC exposed to various broad beams in the energy range of 200 - 1000 MeV/nucleon. FLUKA overestimated energy deposition in the gas volume in all cases. The FLUKA results differed from the experimental data by an average of 25.2 % for yF and 12.4 % for yD. It is suggested that this difference can be reduced by adjusting the FLUKA default ionization potential and density correction factors.

Northum, Jeremy Dell

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Solvent Blending Strategy to Upgrade MCU CSSX Solvent to Equivalent Next-Generation CSSX Solvent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of the present study have validated an equal-volume blending strategy for upgrading freshly prepared CSSX solvent to a blended solvent functionally equivalent to NG-CSSX solvent. It is shown that blending fresh CSSX solvent as currently used in MCU with an equal volume of an NG-CSSX solvent concentrate of appropriate composition yields a blended solvent composition (46.5 mM of MaxCalix, 3.5 mM of BOBCalixC6, 0.5 M of Cs-7SB, 3 mM of guanidine suppressor, and 1.5 mM of TOA in Isopar L) that exhibits equivalent batch ESS performance to that of the NG-CSSX solvent containing 50 mM of MaxCalix, 0.5 M of Cs-7SB, and 3 mM of guanidine suppressor in Isopar L. The solvent blend composition is robust to third-phase formation. Results also show that a blend containing up to 60% v/v of CSSX solvent could be accommodated with minimal risk. Extraction and density data for the effect of solvent concentration mimicking diluent evaporation or over-dilution of the equal-volume blended solvent are also given, providing input for setting operational limits. Given that the experiments employed all pristine chemicals, the results do not qualify a blended solvent starting with actual used MCU solvent, which can be expected to have undergone some degree of degradation. Consequently, further work should be considered to evaluate this risk and implement appropriate remediation if needed.

Delmau, Laetitia Helene [ORNL; Moyer, Bruce A [ORNL

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Views and Patterns in E-Commerce Application Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Separation of concerns is a well-established principle in software engineering that supports reuse by hiding complexity through abstraction mechanisms. The Abstract Design Views model was created with reuse in mind and allows the designer to apply separation ... Keywords: abstract design views, design, design patterns, object-oriented relationships, reuse, separation of concerns, software engineering, views

Marcus E. Markiewicz; Carlos J. P. Lucena; Paulo S. C. Alencar; Donald D. Cowan

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

A molecular view of vapor deposited glasses  

SciTech Connect

Recently, novel organic glassy materials that exhibit remarkable stability have been prepared by vapor deposition. The thermophysical properties of these new ''stable'' glasses are equivalent to those that common glasses would exhibit after aging over periods lasting thousands of years. The origin of such enhanced stability has been elusive; in the absence of detailed models, past studies have discussed the formation of new polyamorphs or that of nanocrystals to explain the observed behavior. In this work, an atomistic molecular model of trehalose, a disaccharide of glucose, is used to examine the properties of vapor-deposited stable glasses. Consistent with experiment, the model predicts the formation of stable glasses having a higher density, a lower enthalpy, and higher onset temperatures than those of the corresponding ''ordinary'' glass formed by quenching the bulk liquid. Simulations reveal that newly formed layers of the growing vapor-deposited film exhibit greater mobility than the remainder of the material, thereby enabling a reorganization of the film as it is grown. They also reveal that ''stable'' glasses exhibit a distinct layered structure in the direction normal to the substrate that is responsible for their unusual properties.

Singh, Sadanand; Pablo, Juan J. de [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2011-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

334

Mountain View IV | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IV IV Facility Mountain View IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner AES Wind Generation Developer AES Wind Generation Energy Purchaser Southern California Edison Co Location White Water CA Coordinates 33.95475187°, -116.7015839° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.95475187,"lon":-116.7015839,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

335

Consumer Views on Transportation and Energy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report has been assembled to provide the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) with an idea of how the American public views various transportation, energy, and environmental issues. An issue that still needs attention from EERE is the finding that the public tends to lack information about hybrid vehicles, hydrogen, and alternative fuels for passenger vehicles. Also, the public seems to want fuel-efficiency improvements and cleaner fuels, but is not very willing to pay for these benefits. The public also says that it supports initiatives to promote energy conservation over increased production and that it is willing to make changes such as driving less in an effort to reduce oil consumption.

Steiner, E.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

An Equivalence of Entanglement-Assisted Transformation and Multiple-Copy Entanglement Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the powers of entanglement-assisted transformation and multiple-copy entanglement transformation. First, we find a sufficient condition of when a given catalyst is useful in producing another specific target state. As an application of this condition, for any non-maximally entangled bipartite pure state and any integer $n$ not less than 4, we are able to explicitly construct a set of $n\\times n$ quantum states which can be produced by using the given state as a catalyst. Second, we prove that for any positive integer $k$, entanglement-assisted transformation with $k\\times k$-dimensional catalysts is useful in producing a target state if and only if multiple-copy entanglement transformation with $k$ copies of state is useful in producing the same target. Moreover, a necessary and sufficient condition for both of them is obtained in terms of the Schmidt coefficients of the target. This equivalence of entanglement-assisted transformation and multiple-copy entanglement transformation implies many interesting properties of entanglement transformation. Furthermore, these results are generalized to the case of probabilistic entanglement transformations.

Runyao Duan; Yuan Feng; Mingsheng Ying

2004-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

337

Size-Abundance Relationships in an Amazonian Bird Community: Implications for the Energetic Equivalence Rule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

abstract: We studied size-abundance relationships in a speciesrich Amazonian bird community and found that the slope of the logarithmic relationship between population density and body mass ( b p ?0.22) is significantly shallower than expected under Damuth’s energetic equivalence rule (EER), which states that population energy use (PEU) is independent of species body mass. We used estimates of avian field metabolic rates to examine the logarithmic relationship between PEU and body mass and its variation among ecological guilds. The relationship for all species had a significantly positive slope ( b p 0.46), indicating that PEU of larger species was greater than that of smaller species. Analyses of guilds revealed significant variation. The slopes of the frugivore-omnivore, insectivore, and granivore guilds were all significantly positive, with that of the frugivore-omnivore guild being the steepest. In contrast, PEU did not vary significantly with species body mass among raptors. These results were confirmed in analyses using both species values and phylogenetically independent contrasts, and the results do not support the EER in this community. The spatial distribution of resources and mechanisms of interference competition within guilds may explain why most patterns differed from the predictions of the EER. Other sources of variation, including the effects of scale, are also discussed.

Sabrina E. Russo; Scott K. Robinson; John Terborgh

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Diversity of supernovae Ia determined using equivalent widths of Si II 4000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spectroscopic and photometric properties of low and high-z supernovae Ia (SNe Ia) have been analyzed in order to achieve a better understanding of their diversity and to identify possible SN Ia sub-types. We use wavelet transformed spectra in which one can easily measure spectral features. We investigate the \\ion{Si}{II} 4000 equivalent width ($EW_w\\lbrace\\ion{Si}{II}\\rbrace$). The ability and, especially, the ease in extending the method to SNe at high-$z$ is demonstrated. We applied the method to 110 SNe Ia and found correlations between $EW_w\\lbrace\\ion{Si}{II}\\rbrace$ and parameters related to the light-curve shape for 88 supernovae with available photometry. No evidence for evolution of $EW_w\\lbrace\\ion{Si}{II}\\rbrace$ with redshift is seen. Three sub-classes of SNe Ia were confirmed using an independent cluster analysis with only light-curve shape, colour, and $EW_w\\lbrace\\ion{Si}{II}\\rbrace$. SNe from high-$z$ samples seem to follow a similar grouping to nearby objects. The $EW_w\\lbrace\\ion{Si}{II}\\rbrace$ value measured on a single spectrum may point towards SN Ia sub-classification, avoiding the need for expansion velocity gradient calculations.

V. Arsenijevic; S. Fabbro; A. M. Mourao; A. J. Rica da Silva

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

339

Equivalence of QCD in the epsilon-regime and chiral Random Matrix Theory with or without chemical potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove that QCD in the epsilon-regime of chiral Perturbation Theory is equivalent to chiral Random Matrix Theory for zero and both non-zero real and imaginary chemical potential mu. To this aim we prove a theorem that relates integrals over fermionic and bosonic variables to super-Hermitian or super-Unitary groups also called superbosonization. Our findings extend previous results for the equivalence of the partition functions, spectral densities and the quenched two-point densities. We can show that all k-point density correlation functions agree in both theories for an arbitrary number of quark flavors, for either mu=0 or mu=/=0 taking real or imaginary values. This implies the equivalence for all individual k-th eigenvalue distributions which are particularly useful to determine low energy constants from Lattice QCD with chiral fermions.

Francesco Basile; Gernot Akemann

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Evaluation of ITER MSE Viewing Optics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Motional Stark Effect (MSE) diagnostic on ITER determines the local plasma current density by measuring the polarization angle of light resulting from the interaction of a high energy neutral heating beam and the tokamak plasma. This light signal has to be transmitted from the edge and core of the plasma to a polarization analyzer located in the port plug. The optical system should either preserve the polarization information, or it should be possible to reliably calibrate any changes induced by the optics. This LLNL Work for Others project for the US ITER Project Office (USIPO) is focused on the design of the viewing optics for both the edge and core MSE systems. Several design constraints were considered, including: image quality, lack of polarization aberrations, ease of construction and cost of mirrors, neutron shielding, and geometric layout in the equatorial port plugs. The edge MSE optics are located in ITER equatorial port 3 and view Heating Beam 5, and the core system is located in equatorial port 1 viewing heating beam 4. The current work is an extension of previous preliminary design work completed by the ITER central team (ITER resources were not available to complete a detailed optimization of this system, and then the MSE was assigned to the US). The optimization of the optical systems at this level was done with the ZEMAX optical ray tracing code. The final LLNL designs decreased the ''blur'' in the optical system by nearly an order of magnitude, and the polarization blur was reduced by a factor of 3. The mirror sizes were reduced with an estimated cost savings of a factor of 3. The throughput of the system was greater than or equal to the previous ITER design. It was found that optical ray tracing was necessary to accurately measure the throughput. Metal mirrors, while they can introduce polarization aberrations, were used close to the plasma because of the anticipated high heat, particle, and neutron loads. These mirrors formed an intermediate image that then was relayed out of the port plug with more ideal (dielectric) mirrors. Engineering models of the optics, port plug, and neutral beam geometry were also created, using the CATIA ITER models. Two video conference calls with the USIPO provided valuable design guidelines, such as the minimum distance of the first optic from the plasma. A second focus of the project was the calibration of the system. Several different techniques are proposed, both before and during plasma operation. Fixed and rotatable polarizers would be used to characterize the system in the no-plasma case. Obtaining the full modulation spectrum from the polarization analyzer allows measurement of polarization effects and also MHD plasma phenomena. Light from neutral beam interaction with deuterium gas (no plasma) has been found useful to determine the wavelength of each spatial channel. The status of the optical design for the edge (upper) and core (lower) systems is included in the following figure. Several issues should be addressed by a follow-on study, including whether the optical labyrinth has sufficient neutron shielding and a detailed polarization characterization of actual mirrors.

Allen, S; Lerner, S; Morris, K; Jayakumar, J; Holcomb, C; Makowski, M; Latkowski, J; Chipman, R

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Online at: www.jus.org.uk Possible and Necessary Orders, Equivalences, etc.: From Modal Logic to Modal Mathematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In practice, we are often interested in order relations (e.g., when we describe preferences) or equivalence relations (e.g., when we describe clustering). Often, we do not have a complete information about the corresponding relation; as a result, we have several relations consistent with our knowledge. In such situations, it is desirable to know which elements a and b are possibly connected by the relation and which are necessarily connected by this relation. In this paper, we provide a full description of all such possible and necessary orders and equivalence relations. For example, possible orders are exactly reflexive relations, while necessary orders are exactly order relations. 1

Francisco Zapata; Olga Kosheleva

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Supply Chain - Additional Market Sectors View Page | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Additional Market Sectors View Page Sustainable Supply Chains Submissions Let's Talk About Sustainable Supply Chain You are here Data.gov Communities Sustainable Supply Chain...

343

`Trapped' Ions Provide First View of Light Property  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... PHYSICS `Trapped' Ions Provide First View of Light Property. ... Quantum theory states that light can act either as a wave or as a particle. ...

344

September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion, And Utilization Process Equipment Cost Estimation, Final Report H.P. Loh; Jennifer Lyons; Charles W. White, III...

345

The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - December 10, 2013  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

traditional incandescent bulbs? Consider installing energy efficient compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) in your basement lighting fixtures. Light Neighborhood View to Become...

346

Most Viewed Documents by Subject Category | OSTI, US Dept of...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Viewed Documents by Subject Category Biology and Medicine Chemistry Energy Storage, Conversion, and Utilization Engineering Environmental Sciences Fission and Nuclear Technologies...

347

January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion, And Utilization Energy Technology Perspectives 2012: Executive Summary Portuguese version NONE Energy...

348

Most Viewed Documents - Energy Storage, Conversion, and Utilization...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Most Viewed Documents - Energy Storage, Conversion, and Utilization Process Equipment Cost Estimation, Final Report H.P. Loh; Jennifer Lyons; Charles W. White, III (2002)...

349

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Fossil Fuels | OSTI, US...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Viewed Documents for Fossil Fuels EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL DETERMINATION OF HEAVY OIL VISCOSITY UNDER RESERVOIR CONDITIONS Dr. Jorge Gabitto; Maria Barrufet (2003) 208 Fluid...

350

June 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

June 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources Chapter 11. Heat Exchangers Rafferty, Kevin D.; Culver, Gene (1998) 490 Seventh Edition Fuel Cell Handbook NETL (2004)...

351

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources Chapter 11. Heat Exchangers Rafferty, Kevin D.; Culver, Gene (1998) 1252 Seventh Edition Fuel Cell Handbook NETL...

352

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 20, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 149 Deriving an Equivalent Circuit of Transformers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. INTRODUCTION THE CONDITION of oil/paper insulation system in a power transformer is deteriorated of dielectric response measurements that have been used in recent times for the diagnosis of power transformersIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 20, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 149 Deriving an Equivalent

Saha, Tapan Kumar

353

A Critique of the Climatic Record of “Water Equivalent of Snow on the Ground” in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The water equivalent of snow on the ground (SWE) has been measured daily since 1952 at National Weather Service first-order stations whenever snow depth exceeded 5 cm (2 in). These data are used in snowmelt analyses, snow climatology, and snow ...

Thomas W. Schmidlin

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Matrix at slow roll: On the equivalence of the energy spectrum and anomalous dimensions for Yang-Mills models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the low energy limit of the massive version of a BFSS-like matrix model and show that in this limit it is equivalent to the matrix model introduced for description of the spectrum of anomalous dimensions for local gauge invariant composite operators in $\\mathcal{N}=4$ super Yang-Mills

Sochichiu, Corneliu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Using the equivalent source technique to estimate noise in 4D TEM data Kristopher MacLennan* and Yaoguo Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of groundwater aquifers and petroleum reservoirs, require dense data distribution over a grid, acquired using is related wholly to the distribution of electrical current in the subsurface at that particular instantUsing the equivalent source technique to estimate noise in 4D TEM data Kristopher Mac

356

2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin equivalents in extracts of Baltic white-tailed sea eagles  

SciTech Connect

Concentrations of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-(TCDD) equivalents were measured in extracts of Baltic white-tailed sea eagle tissues. Extracts of salmon, ringed seal, and grey seal were analyzed as other predatory species of the same area. Concentrations in eagle and seal tissues were greater than those in salmon. Concentrations of TCDD equivalents (TCDD-EQs) determined by the H4IIE bioassay were compared with toxic equivalents (TEQs) derived from instrumental chemical analyses in fractions containing polychlorinated dibenzo-P-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF) or coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Toxic equivalents were calculated by use of an additive model in which the product of the concentrations of instrumentally measured individual congeners were multiplied by their TCDD equivalency factors and were summed to give a total concentration of TEQs. The TCDD-EQs were compared with TEQs to develop a mass balance to determine whether all the TCDD-like activity was accounted for. The TEQs determined by chemical analyses for coplanar PCBs was 770 pg/g fw, and that of PCDD/PCDFs was 270 pg/g fw in this eagle. Thus, concentrations of TCDD-EQs were approx. 20% greater than those of TEQs. The true difference in activities is probably greater because of lower recoveries and infra-additivities among congeners in the bioassay. This indicates that there are compounds present in the extracts that can contribute to the total concentrations of TCDD-EQs in white-tailed sea eagle eggs to the no-observable-adverse-effect concentration, ranged from 7.3 to 141. This indicates that current concentrations of TCDD-EQs in these eggs are likely causing adverse effects in the Baltic populations of white-tailed sea eagles. This study indicated that the H4IIE bioassay is useful for monitoring the presence and biological activity of TCDD-like compounds in environmental samples like white-tailed sea eagles.

Koistinen, J.; Giesy, J.P. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Koivusaari, J. [Western Finland Regional Environment Centre, Vaasa (Finland); Nuuja, I. [Milieu-Data Cc, Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Vuorinen, P.J. [Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Inst., Helsinki (Finland); Paasivirta, J. [Univ. of Jyvaeskylae (Finland). Dept. of Chemistry

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Observed Structure of Convectively Coupled Waves as a Function of Equivalent Depth: Kelvin Waves and the Madden–Julian Oscillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The view that convectively coupled Kelvin waves and the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO) are distinct modes is tested by regressing data from the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis against satellite outgoing longwave radiation data filtered for ...

Paul E. Roundy

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Package Equivalent Reactor Networks as Reduced Order Models for Use with CAPE-OPEN Compliant Simulation  

SciTech Connect

Engineering simulations of coal gasifiers are typically performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, where a 3-D representation of the gasifier equipment is used to model the fluid flow in the gasifier and source terms from the coal gasification process are captured using discrete-phase model source terms. Simulations using this approach can be very time consuming, making it difficult to imbed such models into overall system simulations for plant design and optimization. For such system-level designs, process flowsheet software is typically used, such as Aspen Plus® [1], where each component where each component is modeled using a reduced-order model. For advanced power-generation systems, such as integrated gasifier/gas-turbine combined-cycle systems (IGCC), the critical components determining overall process efficiency and emissions are usually the gasifier and combustor. Providing more accurate and more computationally efficient reduced-order models for these components, then, enables much more effective plant-level design optimization and design for control. Based on the CHEMKIN-PRO and ENERGICO software, we have developed an automated methodology for generating an advanced form of reduced-order model for gasifiers and combustors. The reducedorder model offers representation of key unit operations in flowsheet simulations, while allowing simulation that is fast enough to be used in iterative flowsheet calculations. Using high-fidelity fluiddynamics models as input, Reaction Design’s ENERGICO® [2] software can automatically extract equivalent reactor networks (ERNs) from a CFD solution. For the advanced reduced-order concept, we introduce into the ERN a much more detailed kinetics model than can be included practically in the CFD simulation. The state-of-the-art chemistry solver technology within CHEMKIN-PRO allows that to be accomplished while still maintaining a very fast model turn-around time. In this way, the ERN becomes the basis for high-fidelity kinetics simulation, while maintaining the spatial information derived from the geometrically faithful CFD model. The reduced-order models are generated in such a way that they can be easily imported into a process flowsheet simulator, using the CAPE-OPEN architecture for unit operations. The ENERGICO/CHEMKIN-PRO software produces an ERN-definition file that is read by a dynamically linked library (DLL) that can be easily linked to any CAPE-OPEN compliant software. The plug-in unitoperation module has been successfully demonstrated for complex ERNs of coal gasifiers, using both Aspen Plus and COFE process flowsheet simulators through this published CAPE-OPEN interface.

Meeks, E.; Chou, C. -P.; Garratt, T.

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

359

The Determination of View-Factors in Urban Canyons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important aspect of longwave radiation exchange within urban canopies is the degree to which the sky is obscured by surrounding buildings, a concept which may be described by the sky view-factor (?s). Hitherto, expressions for sky view-factors ...

Glenn T. Johnson; Ian D. Watson

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

O'Leary outlines policy views at confirmation hearing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In her confirmation hearing, Secretary O'Leary outlined her views on various controversial issues. Among these were management of Yucca Mountain and the search for a nuclear waste repository, research on alternative fuels, encouragement of the use of renewable energy sources, and her views on intergrated resource planning.

Simpson, J.

1993-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Enabling device independent co-browsing through adaptive view points  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficient co-browsing of web-pages from devices with different capabilities requires users to have a shared understanding of those web-pages. This paper outlines the concept of shared view point (SVP) and personal view point (PVP) for co-browsing before ... Keywords: Co-browsing, Device independence, Web content adaptation

H. N. Chua; S. D. Scott; Y. W. Choi

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

View discovery in OLAP databases through statistical combinatorial optimization  

SciTech Connect

OnLine Analytical Processing (OLAP) is a relational database technology providing users with rapid access to summary, aggregated views of a single large database, and is widely recognized for knowledge representation and discovery in high-dimensional relational databases. OLAP technologies provide intuitive and graphical access to the massively complex set of possible summary views available in large relational (SQL) structured data repositories. The capability of OLAP database software systems to handle data complexity comes at a high price for analysts, presenting them a combinatorially vast space of views of a relational database. We respond to the need to deploy technologies sufficient to allow users to guide themselves to areas of local structure by casting the space of 'views' of an OLAP database as a combinatorial object of all projections and subsets, and 'view discovery' as an search process over that lattice. We equip the view lattice with statistical information theoretical measures sufficient to support a combinatorial optimization process. We outline 'hop-chaining' as a particular view discovery algorithm over this object, wherein users are guided across a permutation of the dimensions by searching for successive two-dimensional views, pushing seen dimensions into an increasingly large background filter in a 'spiraling' search process. We illustrate this work in the context of data cubes recording summary statistics for radiation portal monitors at US ports.

Hengartner, Nick W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Burke, John [PNNL; Critchlow, Terence [PNNL; Joslyn, Cliff [PNNL; Hogan, Emilie [PNNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Is the Resource-Based View a Practical Organizational Theory?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore the question of whether the resource-based view (RBV) is a practical theory for managers. We test the ability of the RBV to provide two pieces of practical information: (1) the identification of the very few strategic assets from a large set ... Keywords: operational validity, resource-based view, simulation

Richard J. Arend; Moren Lévesque

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

MODIFYING A 60 YEAR OLD STACK SAMPLING SYSTEM TO MEET ANSI N13.1-1999 EQUIVALENCY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 291-T-1 stack was constructed in 1944 to support ongoing missions associated with the Hanford Project. Recent changes in the plant mission required a revision to the existing license of the stack that was operating as a minor emission unit. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Washington Department of Health (WDOH) deemed this revision to be a significant modification, thereby requiring the stack to operate to the ANSI N13.1-1999 sampling and monitoring requirements. Because the stack is similar to other stacks on the Hanford site, allowance was made by EPA to demonstrate equivalency to the ANSI standard via calculations in lieu of actual testing. Calculations were allowed for determining the deposition, nozzle transmission and aspiration ratios, but measurements were required for the stack flow coefficient of variation (COV). The equivalency determination was to be based on the requirements of Table 6 of the ANSI N13.1-1999 Standard.

SIMMONS, F.M.

2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

365

Gravity-induced phase-shift of light: outline of an interferometric test of the Equivalence Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I analyze the change of the interference pattern in an optical interferometer when it passes from rest to free fall. It is shown that the "disconnection" of the gravitational field causes a jump in the phase difference that could be measured with the current sensitivity of these instruments. For this reason, I propose to the optical interferometry community the possibility of a test of the Equivalence Principle based on the aforementioned effect.

Eduardo Diaz-Miguel

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

366

Bound-free pair production cross section in heavy-ion colliders from the equivalent photon approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exact calculations of the electron-positron pair production by a single photon in the Coulomb field of a nucleus with simultaneous capture of the electron into the K-shell are discussed for different nuclear charges. Using the equivalent photon method of Weizsaecker and Williams, a simple expression for the bound-free production of electron-positron pairs by colliding very-high-energy fully stripped heavy ions is derived for nuclei of arbitrary charge.

Andreas Aste

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

367

Science Conference Proceedings : Main View : Deep Web Business Search  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Main View Main View This view is used for searching all possible sources. A SCIENCE Accelerator Resource Additional Information Search: Search Clear All Conference Collections Welcome to the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information's (OSTI) Science Conference Proceedings Portal. This distributed portal provides access to science and technology conference proceedings and conference papers from a number of authoritative sites (professional societies and national labs, largely) whose areas of interest in the physical sciences and technology intersect those of the Department of Energy. Proceedings and papers from scientific meetings can be found in these fields, among others: particle physics, nuclear physics, chemistry, petroleum, aeronautics and astronautics, meteorology, engineering, computer science, electric power,

368

Prairie View Gas Recovery Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Prairie View Gas Recovery Biomass Facility Prairie View Gas Recovery Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Prairie View Gas Recovery Biomass Facility Facility Prairie View Gas Recovery Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location St. Joseph County, Indiana Coordinates 41.6228085°, -86.3376761° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.6228085,"lon":-86.3376761,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

369

Logan View Public Schools Wind Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

View Public Schools Wind Project View Public Schools Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Logan View Public Schools Wind Project Facility Logan View Public Schools Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Location NE Coordinates 41.651546°, -96.50457° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.651546,"lon":-96.50457,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

370

Real-Time Sky-View Factor Calculation and Approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previously, the acquisition of sky-view factor data for climate studies has been time consuming and dependent on postprocessing. However, advances in technology now mean that techniques using fish-eye imagery can be algorithmically processed in ...

L. Chapman; J. E. Thornes

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

PPPL's "Star Power" video offers compelling view of Laboratory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PPPL's "Star Power" video offers compelling view of Laboratory's research By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe September 4, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One PPPL has released its...

372

The Outlook for Energy - A View to 2030  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Outlook for Energy - A View to 2030 Speaker(s): David Reed Date: March 20, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Jayant Sathaye Galen Barbose This...

373

JOBAID-VIEWING USER RECORDS | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INFORMATION SYSTEMS ANALYST E-mail arthur.johnson@hq.doe.gov Phone 202-586-9552 More Documents & Publications JOBAID-VIEWING AN EMPLOYEE MATRIX (SUPERVISOR) JOBAID-SELF REGISTERING...

374

February 2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense | OSTI...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense Vapor-liquid equilibria for nitric acid-water and plutonium nitrate-nitric acid-water solutions Maimoni, A. (1980) 108 SMART BRIDGE:...

375

Neutrons' view of hydrogen yields insight into HIV drug design...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutrons' view of hydrogen yields insight into HIV drug design ORNL-led study demonstrates relevance of neutrons in biomedical research An ORNL-led team used neutrons to study the...

376

A Methodology to Derive Radar Reflectivity–Liquid Equivalent Snow Rate Relations Using C-Band Radar and a 2D Video Disdrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to derive equivalent radar reflectivity factor–liquid equivalent snow rate (Ze–SR) power-law relations for snowfall using the C-band King City operational weather radar and a 2D video disdrometer (2DVD). The 2DVD ...

Gwo-Jong Huang; V. N. Bringi; Robert Cifelli; David Hudak; W. A. Petersen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Installing NikonView 4 under Windows (COOLPIX5000/995/885/775/990/880) A-1 Installing NikonView 4 underWindows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Installing NikonView 4 under Windows (COOLPIX5000/995/885/775/990/880) A-1 Installing NikonView 4 underWindows Installing Nikon View 4 for the COOLPIX5000/995/885/775/990/880 NikonView 4 includes- trator" (Windows 2000 Professional) or "ComputerAdministrator" (Win- dows XP Home Edition/Windows XP

Kleinfeld, David

378

Bartlett's Ocean View Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bartlett's Ocean View Wind Farm Bartlett's Ocean View Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Bartlett's Ocean View Wind Farm Facility Bartlett's Ocean View Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Bartlett's Ocean View Wind Farm Energy Purchaser Bartlett's Ocean View Wind Farm Location Nantucket MA Coordinates 41.259168°, -70.131913° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.259168,"lon":-70.131913,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

379

Tabulation of dose equivalent per microcurie-day for source and target organs of an adult for various radionuclides  

SciTech Connect

Data are tabulated on the radiation dose equivalent per microcurie-day for source and target organs of a human adult for 100 radionuclides. These are listed at the end of the volume. Included are several radionuclides where the parent has a daughter radionuclide of physical half-life less than five minutes. In such cases separate S tables are given for the parent and for the daughter as well as a composite table which contains S values for the parent plus S values for the daughter weighted according to the percent decay via the daughter. (CH)

Snyder, W.S.; Ford, M.R.; Warner, G.G.; Watson, S.B.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

6tvtnf r &' tnt-' G Dayton P. Kirkham  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et des singes [HUB68]. A l'opposé de l'approche ascendante, la théorie constructiviste propose que la

Reich, Peter B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Breakthrough Technologies Tnt1 Retrotransposon Mutagenesis: A Tool for Soybean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and nutrition. The products of soybean are widely used as vegetable oil and protein sources for hu- man of resources, including proteins, oils, mineral nutrients, and natural products, that impact hu- man health to be inactive in normal plant tissue but can be reactivated by tissue culture. Our goal was to evaluate

Parrott, Wayne

382

DOE Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers DOE Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers November 30, 2010 -...

383

Equivalent Circuit Description of Non-compensated n-p Codoped TiO2 as Intermediate Band Solar Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The novel concept of non-compensated n-p codoping has made it possible to create tunable intermediate bands in the intrinsic band gap of TiO2, making the codoped TiO2 a promising material for developing intermediate band solar cells (IBSCs). Here we investigate the quantum efficiency of such IBSCs within two scenarios - with and without current extracted from the extended intermediate band. Using the ideal equivalent circuit model, we find that the maximum efficiency of 57% in the first scenario and 53% in the second are both much higher than the Shockley-Queisser limit from single gap solar cells. We also obtain various key quantities of the circuits, a useful step in realistic development of TiO2 based solar cells invoking device integration. These equivalent circuit results are also compared with the efficiencies obtained directly from consideration of electron transition between the energy bands, and both approaches reveal the intriguing existence of double peaks in the maximum quantum efficiency as a function of the relative location of IBs.

Tian-Li Feng; Guang-Wei Deng; Yi Xia; Feng-Cheng Wu; Ping Cui; Hai-Ping Lan; Zhen-Yu Zhang

2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

384

Science Conference Proceedings : Main View : Deep Web Business Search  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Main View Main View This view is used for searching all possible sources. Additional Information Search: Title: Additional Information Author: Match: All Any Field(s) Additional Information Date Range: Beginning Date Range Pick Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 toEnding Date Range Pick Year 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 Search Clear All Notice to searchers: Due to the varied configuration and diversity of web pages and databases searched by Science Conference Proceedings, Full Record will search whatever data that is searchable at each site. Author and Title queries are only available on AIAA, AIP, ASCE, ASME, ECD,

385

Tools for Viewing and Quality Checking ARM Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools for Viewing and Quality Checking ARM Data Tools for Viewing and Quality Checking ARM Data S. Bottone and S. Moore Mission Research Corporation Santa Barbara, California Introduction Mission Research Corporation (MRC) is developing software tools to assist the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data Quality Office with their data inspection tasks. One such tool is NCVweb, a web-based data analysis and visualization tool that allows for easy viewing of ARM NetCDF data files. This tool helps to eliminate the need of and problems associated with downloading large volumes of data, installing and configuring visualization software, or writing custom data exploration software. It has been upgraded this year with many new features described below. NCVweb can be used at the ARM Data Quality website directly via http://dq.arm.gov/ncvweb/ncvweb.cgi, or via the Data Quality

386

City of Mountain View, Missouri (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mountain View Mountain View Place Missouri Utility Id 13057 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0810/kWh Commercial: $0.0807/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Mountain_View,_Missouri_(Utility_Company)&oldid=409985" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies Organizations Stubs What links here

387

Mountain View Electric Association, Inc - Energy Efficiency Credit Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mountain View Electric Association, Inc - Energy Efficiency Credit Mountain View Electric Association, Inc - Energy Efficiency Credit Program Mountain View Electric Association, Inc - Energy Efficiency Credit Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate LED Street Lighting: $20,000 LED Refrigerated Case Lighting Retrofit: $3,000 Commercial Lighting Replacement: $20,000 Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Geothermal Heat Pumps: $150/ton, additional $150 per unit for Energy Star units greater than 3 tons, additional $120 if attached to electric water heater Air-Source Heat Pump: $125 - $150/ton, additional $100 - $150 per unit for

388

EDS V25 containment vessel explosive qualification test report.  

SciTech Connect

The V25 containment vessel was procured by the Project Manager, Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel (PMNSCM) as a replacement vessel for use on the P2 Explosive Destruction Systems. It is the first EDS vessel to be fabricated under Code Case 2564 of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, which provides rules for the design of impulsively loaded vessels. The explosive rating for the vessel based on the Code Case is nine (9) pounds TNT-equivalent for up to 637 detonations. This limit is an increase from the 4.8 pounds TNT-equivalency rating for previous vessels. This report describes the explosive qualification tests that were performed in the vessel as part of the process for qualifying the vessel for explosive use. The tests consisted of a 11.25 pound TNT equivalent bare charge detonation followed by a 9 pound TNT equivalent detonation.

Rudolphi, John Joseph

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The Creation of a High Equivalent Potential Temperature Reservoir in Tropical Storm Humberto (2001) and Its Possible Role in Storm Deepening  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thirty global positioning system dropwindsondes (GPS sondes) were used to identify and examine the creation of a reservoir of high equivalent potential temperature (?e) in the nascent eye of Tropical Storm Humberto (2001). The ?e did not increase ...

Klaus P. Dolling; Gary M. Barnes

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

The Scientific Beaufort Equivalent Scale: Effects on Wind Statistics and Climatological Air-Sea Flux Estimates in the North Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Beaufort equivalent scale of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), used for decades to transform marine Beaufort estimates to surface wind speeds over the oceans, contains systematic errors that depend nonlinearly on the wind speed. ...

Hans-Jörg Isemer; Lutz Hasse

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Merging Conventional (1915–92) and Passive Microwave (1978–2002) Estimates of Snow Extent and Water Equivalent over Central North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed evaluation of snow water equivalent (SWE) and snow cover extent (SCE) derived using the combined Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) and Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) brightness temperature records for the 1978–...

C. Derksen; R. Brown; A. Walker

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Analysis of travel review data from reader's point of view  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the NLP field, there have been a lot of works which focus on the reviewer's point of view conducted on sentiment analyses, which ranges from trying to estimate the reviewer's score. However the reviews are used by the readers. The reviews that give ...

Maya Ando; Shun Ishizaki

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide: A View of Lithium Ion Solvation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide: A View of Lithium Ion Solvation through a Glass-Bottom Boat BRETT L and reactivities, we were drawn to lithium hexamethyldisilazide (LiHMDS; (Me3Si)2NLi) by its promi- nence principles of lithium ion coordination chemistry.2 Understanding how solvation influences organolithium

Collum, David B.

394

Multi-view gender classification using hierarchical classifiers structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a hierarchical classifier structure for gender classification based on facial images by reducing the complexity of the original problem. In the proposed framework, we first train a classifier, which will properly divide the ... Keywords: gender classification, hierarchical classifiers, multi-view facial images

Tian-Xiang Wu; Bao-Liang Lu

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Rigorous Development of Dependable Systems Using Fault Tolerance Views  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces the Mode and Fault Tolerance Views approach to stepwise rigorous development of critical systems. It supports systematic, structured and recursive modelling of system fault tolerance, including error detection, error recovery and ... Keywords: formal methods, Event-B, fault tolerance, modal systems, case study, AOCS

Ilya Lopatkin; Alexei Iliasov; Alexander Romanovsky

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Multiversion Based View Maintenance Over Distributed Data Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Categories and Subject Descriptors: H.2.4 [Database Management]: Systems--Distributed databases; Relational on Database Systems, Vol. x, No. x, 12 2004, Pages 0­30. #12;Multiversion Based View Maintenance over maintenance prototype system. Experiments comparing mainte- nance performance with and without TxnWrap enabled

397

Action Refinement from a Logical Point of View  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Action refinement provides a mechanism to design a complex reactive system hierarchically. This paper is devoted to action refinement from a logical point of view, and to combining the hierarchical implementation of a complex system with the hierarchical ... Keywords: action refinement, modal logics, reactive systems, specification, verification

Mila E. Majster-Cederbaum; Naijun Zhan; Harald Fecher

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

news and views A key issue for hydrogen storage materi-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

news and views A key issue for hydrogen storage materi- als is that the hydrogenation and dehydro be possible to discover stable hydrogen hydrates with higher storage Hydrogen Posture Plan www.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/pdfs/ hydrogen_posture_plan.pdf 7. Kuhs, W

Palumbi, Stephen

399

Book ReViews Crystal Growth Technology: From Fundamentals and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book ReViews Crystal Growth Technology: From Fundamentals and Simulation to Large-Scale Production-3-527-31762-2. This book contains 19 selected reviews from the Third International Workshop on Crystal Growth Technology been used with narrower margins, thereby maintaining the same number of pages. This book would

Regel, Liya L.

400

Book ReViews Comprehensive Cellulose Chemistry. Volume 1. Fundamentals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book ReViews Comprehensive Cellulose Chemistry. Volume 1. Fundamentals and Analytical Methods. By D is a valuable and much-needed reference book for both the novice and the practitioner of cellulose chemistry does this significantly reduce the clarity of the book. The section on cellulose structure is extensive

Dantus, Marcos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Interface between Microbiology and Structural Biology as viewed by NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Interface between Microbiology and Structural Biology as viewed by NMR Muriel DELEPIERRE, Anne NMR spectroscopy is one of two principal experimental techniques used in structural biology. It can and intermolecular interactions. We aim to give an overview of the use of modern high resolution NMR methodology

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

402

Asia View / November 2007 / Page 1 Rajat Ganguly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asia View / November 2007 / Page 1 Rajat Ganguly Pakistan, the only Muslim country in the world so far with nuclear weapons, is today one of the most dangerous places on earth. To be sure, politics in Pakistan has always been turbulent. But what's new about the situation today is that the country

403

Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2005-2009  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2005-2009 See footnotes at end of table. Number of Wells Producing at End of Year .... 425,887 440,516 452,945 R 476,652 493,100 Production (million cubic meters) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells .............................................. 494,748 509,577 483,238 R 442,265 420,197 From Oil Wells ................................................ 169,476 156,860 164,759 R 162,742 164,611 From Coalbed Wells ....................................... NA NA 50,400 R 56,249 55,990 From Shale Gas Wells .................................... NA NA NA 64,682 95,811 Total ................................................................. 664,223 666,438 698,397 R 725,938 736,609

404

Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2004-2008  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2004-2008 See footnotes at end of table. Number of Wells Producing at End of Year .... 406,147 425,887 440,516 R 452,945 478,562 Production (million cubic meters) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells .............................................. 506,454 494,748 509,577 R 483,238 510,019 From Oil Wells ................................................ 172,292 169,476 156,860 R 164,759 165,506 From Coalbed Wells ....................................... NA NA NA 50,400 53,757 Total ................................................................. 678,746 664,223 666,438 R 698,397 729,282 Repressuring .................................................... 104,819 104,759

405

Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2003-2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2003-2007 See footnotes at end of table. Number of Wells Producing at End of Year .... 393,327 406,147 425,887 R 440,516 452,768 Production (million cubic meters) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells .............................................. 506,356 506,454 494,748 R 509,577 530,629 From Oil Wells ................................................ 176,617 172,292 169,476 R 156,860 165,699 Total ................................................................. 682,973 678,746 664,223 R 666,438 696,328 Repressuring .................................................... 100,462 104,819 104,759 92,453 107,274 Vented and Flared ............................................

406

Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2002-2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Table B1. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas in the United States, Metric Equivalents, 2002-2006 See footnotes at end of table. Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year .................................. 387,772 393,327 406,147 R 425,887 448,641 Production (million cubic meters) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells .............................................. 503,894 506,356 506,454 R 494,748 508,075 From Oil Wells ................................................ 174,047 176,617 172,292 R 169,476 157,583 Total ................................................................. 677,942 682,973 678,746 R 664,223 665,657 Repressuring .................................................... 97,839 100,462 104,819 R 104,759 92,453 Vented and Flared

407

A discussion on the interpretation and characterization of metafilms/metasurfaces: the two-dimensional equivalent of metamaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A metafilm (also referred to as a metasurface) is the surface equivalent of a metamaterial. More precisely, a metafilm is a surface distribution of suitable chosen electrically small scatterers. Metafilms are becoming popular as an alternative to full three-dimensional metamaterials. Unfortunately, many papers in the literature present incorrect interpretations and mischaracterizations of these metafilms. In fact, some of the characterizations presented in the literature result in non-unique parameters for a uniquely defined metafilm. In this paper we discuss an appropriate interpretation and characterization of metafilms and present a correct manner to characterize a metafilm. Additionally, we illustrate the error that results from an incorrect characterization of metafilms. We present various examples to emphasize these points. Finally we present a retrieval approach for determining the uniquely defined quantities (the electric and magnetic susceptibilities of its constituent scatterers) that characterize a metafilm.

O'hara, John F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Azad, Abul K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Deferred incremental refresh of XML materialized views: algorithms and performance evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The view mechanism can provide the user with an appropriate portion of database through data filtering and integration. Views are often materialized for query performance improvement, and in that case, their consistency needs to be maintained against ... Keywords: XML, deferred incremental view refresh, materialized view, semistructured data

Hyunchul Kang; Hosang Sung; ChanHo Moon

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

VIEWS ON U.S. WATER RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER PROGRAMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contributions. The problem is that research is often viewed as an esoteric activity involving scientists who

District of Columbia, University of the

410

PlantView® OMX Web Services & Web Portal Version 1.5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The PlantView/OMX Portal V1.5.0.0 is a web site to view PlantView® data that is designed to be configured and modified by end-user. It can display data in different ways; with PlantView® data from various ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

411

Wind Energy Facilities and Residential Properties: The Effect of Proximity and View on Sales Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Energy Facilities and Residential Properties: The Effect of Proximity and View on Sales Prices *

Hoen, Ben

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Estimation of radiation-induced cancer from three-dimensional dose distributions: Concept of organ equivalent dose  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Estimates of secondary cancer risk after radiotherapy are becoming more important for comparative treatment planning. Modern treatment planning systems provide accurate three-dimensional dose distributions for each individual patient. These data open up new possibilities for more precise estimates of secondary cancer incidence rates in the irradiated organs. We report a new method to estimate organ-specific radiation-induced cancer incidence rates. The concept of an organ equivalent dose (OED) for radiation-induced cancer assumes that any two dose distributions in an organ are equivalent if they cause the same radiation-induced cancer incidence. Methods and Materials: The two operational parameters of the OED concept are the organ-specific cancer incidence rate at low doses, which is taken from the data of the atomic bomb survivors, and cell sterilization at higher doses. The effect of cell sterilization in various organs was estimated by analyzing the secondary cancer incidence data of patients with Hodgkin's disease who were treated with radiotherapy in between 1962 and 1993. The radiotherapy plans used at the time the patients had been treated were reconstructed on a fully segmented whole body CT scan. The dose distributions were calculated in individual organs for which cancer incidence data were available. The model parameter that described cell sterilization was obtained by analyzing the dose and cancer incidence rates for the individual organs. Results: We found organ-specific cell radiosensitivities that varied from 0.017 for the mouth and pharynx up to 1.592 for the bladder. Using the two model parameters (organ-specific cancer incidence rate and the parameter characterizing cell sterilization), the OED concept can be applied to any three-dimensional dose distribution to analyze cancer incidence. Conclusion: We believe that the concept of OED presented in this investigation represents a first step in assessing the potential risk of secondary cancer induction after the clinical application of radiotherapy.

Schneider, Uwe [Division of Medical Physics, Department of Radiation Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, City Hospital Triemli, Zurich (Switzerland)]. E-mail: uwe.schneider@psi.ch; Zwahlen, Daniel [Division of Medical Physics, Department of Radiation Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, City Hospital Triemli, Zurich (Switzerland); Ross, Dieter [Division of Medical Physics, Department of Radiation Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, City Hospital Triemli, Zurich (Switzerland); Kaser-Hotz, Barbara [Division of Diagnostic Imaging and Radio-Oncology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zuerich, Zurich (Switzerland)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Energy Equivalent Conversions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kilograms. 907.18470. 1.00000. 1000.00000. 1016.04700. 0.45359. Metric Tons. 0.90718. 0.00100. 1.00000. 1.01605. 0.00045. Long Tons. 0.89286. 0.00098. 0.98421. 1 ...

414

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Power Generation And Distribution |  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Power Generation And Distribution April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Power Generation And Distribution Electric power high-voltage transmission lines: Design options, cost, and electric and magnetic field levels Stoffel, J.B.; Pentecost, E.D.; Roman, R.D.; Traczyk, P.A. (1994) 719 Seventh Edition Fuel Cell Handbook NETL (2004) 628 ASPEN Plus Simulation of CO2 Recovery Process Charles W. White III (2003) 343 Wet cooling towers: rule-of-thumb design and simulation Leeper, S.A. (1981) 290 Load flow analysis: Base cases, data, diagrams, and results Portante, E.C.; Kavicky, J.A.; VanKuiken, J.C.; Peerenboom, J.P. (1997) 248 Controlled low strength materials (CLSM), reported by ACI Committee 229 Rajendran, N. (1997) 106 Micro-CHP Systems for Residential Applications Timothy DeValve; Benoit Olsommer (2007)

415

The Collagen Protein Viewed at Unprecedented Detail | Advanced Photon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assembling Nanoparticles the Easy DNA-Way Assembling Nanoparticles the Easy DNA-Way Better, cleaner fuel injectors for automobiles? Poxvirus Potency Uncovered in New Atomic Map Striking Nano Gold Oldest Known Magnet's Secrets Revealed Under High Pressures Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed The Collagen Protein Viewed at Unprecedented Detail FEBRUARY 26, 2008 Bookmark and Share A view of a rat tail tendon using second-harmonic generation microscopy. The collagen fibers show up in green and red. The structure and behavior of one of the most common proteins in our bodies has been resolved at a level of detail never before seen, thanks to new research performed at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at the U.S.

416

September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources Chapter 11. Heat Exchangers Rafferty, Kevin D.; Culver, Gene (1998) 362 Wet cooling towers: rule-of-thumb design and simulation Leeper, S.A. (1981) 103 Chapter 17. Engineering cost analysis Higbee, Charles V. (1998) 79 Advanced Electric Submersible Pump Design Tool for Geothermal Applications Xuele Qi; Norman Turnquist; Farshad Ghasripoor (2012) 79 A study of lead-acid battery efficiency near top-of-charge and the impact on PV system design Stevens, J.W.; Corey, G.P. (1996) 76 PROPERTIES AND PERFORMANCE OF CEMENT-BASED GROUTS FOR GEOTHERMAL HEAT PUMP APPLICATIONS. ALLAN,M.L. (1999) 70 Solar radiation data manual for flat-plate and concentrating collectors Dunlap, M.A. [ed.]; Marion, W.; Wilcox, S. (null)

417

E-print Network : Main View : Deep Federated Search  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

E-print Network E-print Network Search Powered By Deep Web Technologies New Search Preferences E-print Network E-print Network Skip to main content FAQ * HELP * SITE MAP * CONTACT US Home * About * Advanced Search * Browse by Discipline * Scientific Societies * E-print Alerts * Add E-prints Powered by Deep Web Technologies E-print Network E-print Network Skip to main content FAQ * HELP * SITE MAP * CONTACT US Home * About * Advanced Search * Browse by Discipline * Scientific Societies * E-print Alerts * Add E-prints Main View This view is used for searching all possible sources. Due to the varied configuration and diversity of web pages and databases searched by E-prints, Full Record will search whatever data is searchable at each site. Multiple arXiv sites under one general heading are combined

418

EM SSAB Contributes Community Views to Clean-up Decisions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contributes Community Views to Clean-up Decisions Contributes Community Views to Clean-up Decisions 2011 Local Board Contributions The Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board (EM SSAB) has a unique mandate to provide input regarding the cleanup of nuclear legacy sites to the Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management (EM). Chartered under the Federal Advisory Committee Act, the EM SSAB today comprises eight local boards, located in Hanford, WA; Idaho Falls, ID: Los Alamos, NM; the Nevada National Security Site; Oak Ridge, TN; Paducah, KY; Portsmouth, OH; and the Savannah River Site, SC. EM has made public participation a fundamental component of its cleanup mission and has found that the EM SSAB, which draws upon diverse community

419

September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion, And  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion, And September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion, And Utilization Process Equipment Cost Estimation, Final Report H.P. Loh; Jennifer Lyons; Charles W. White, III (2002) 169 Evaluation of the 2010 Toyota Prius Hybrid Synergy Drive System Burress, Timothy A [ORNL]; Campbell, Steven L [ORNL]; Coomer, Chester [ORNL]; Ayers, Curtis William [ORNL]; Wereszczak, Andrew A [ORNL]; Cunningham, Joseph Philip [ORNL]; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL]; Seiber, Larry Eugene [ORNL]; Lin, Hua-Tay [ORNL] (2011) 116 Evaluation of the 2007 Toyota Camry Hybrid Syneregy Drive System Burress, T.A.; Coomer, C.L.; Campbell, S.L.; Seiber, L.E.; Marlino, L.D.; Staunton, R.H.; Cunningham, J.P. (2008) 102 A study of lead-acid battery efficiency near top-of-charge and the impact on PV system design

420

Most Viewed Documents - Mathematics and Computing | OSTI, US Dept of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Most Viewed Documents - Mathematics and Computing Most Viewed Documents - Mathematics and Computing Metaphors for cyber security. Moore, Judy Hennessey; Parrott, Lori K.; Karas, Thomas H. (2008) Staggered-grid finite-difference acoustic modeling with the Time-Domain Atmospheric Acoustic Propagation Suite (TDAAPS). Aldridge, David Franklin; Collier, Sandra L. (U.S. Army Research Laboratory); Marlin, David H. (U.S. Army Research Laboratory); et al. (2005) Salinas : theory manual. Walsh, Timothy Francis; Reese, Garth M.; Bhardwaj, Manoj Kumar (2004) LANL Site Update Armstrong, Harold G [Los Alamos National Laboratory] (2012) Scientific Data Management Integrated Software Infrastructure Center (SDM/ISIC): Scientific Process Automation (SPA), FINAL REPORT Bertram Ludaescher; Ilkay Altintas (2012) HPC Utilities

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion, And  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion, And April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Energy Storage, Conversion, And Utilization Seventh Edition Fuel Cell Handbook NETL (2004) 628 Continuously variable transmissions: theory and practice Beachley, N.H.; Frank, A.A. (null) 205 A study of lead-acid battery efficiency near top-of-charge and the impact on PV system design Stevens, J.W.; Corey, G.P. (1996) 173 Energy Saving Potentials and Air Quality Benefits of Urban HeatIslandMitigation Akbari, Hashem (2005) 153 Building a secondary containment system Broder, M.F. (1994) 144 An Improved Method of Manufacturing Corrugated Boxes: Lateral Corrugator Frank C. Murray Ph.D.; , Roman Popil Ph.D.; Michael Shaepe (formerly with IPST, now at Cargill. Inc) (2008) 141 Ammonia usage in vapor compression for refrigeration and air-conditioning in the United States

422

Most Viewed Documents - Energy Storage, Conversion, and Utilization | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Most Viewed Documents - Energy Storage, Conversion, and Utilization Most Viewed Documents - Energy Storage, Conversion, and Utilization Process Equipment Cost Estimation, Final Report H.P. Loh; Jennifer Lyons; Charles W. White, III (2002) Continuously variable transmissions: theory and practice Beachley, N.H.; Frank, A.A. () Review of air flow measurement techniques McWilliams, Jennifer (2002) Building a secondary containment system Broder, M.F. (1994) Cost benefit analysis of the night-time ventilative cooling in office building Seppanen, Olli; Fisk, William J.; Faulkner, David (2003) Evaluation of the 2007 Toyota Camry Hybrid Syneregy Drive System Burress, T.A.; Coomer, C.L.; Campbell, S.L.; et al. (2008) Nanofluid technology : current status and future research. Choi, S. U.-S. (1998) An Improved Method of Manufacturing Corrugated Boxes: Lateral

423

Most Viewed Documents - Power Generation and Distribution | OSTI, US Dept  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Most Viewed Documents - Power Generation and Distribution Most Viewed Documents - Power Generation and Distribution Electric power high-voltage transmission lines: Design options, cost, and electric and magnetic field levels Stoffel, J.B.; Pentecost, E.D.; Roman, R.D.; et al. (1994) ASPEN Plus Simulation of CO2 Recovery Process Charles W. White III (2003) Systems and economic analysis of microalgae ponds for conversion of CO{sub 2} to biomass. Quarterly technical progress report, September 1993--December 1993 Benemann, J.R.; Oswald, W.J. (1994) Load flow analysis: Base cases, data, diagrams, and results Portante, E.C.; Kavicky, J.A.; VanKuiken, J.C.; et al. (1997) Multilevel converters -- A new breed of power converters Lai, J.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Engineering Technology Div.]; Peng, F.Z. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United

424

National Library of Energy : Main View : Deep Federated Search  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

National Library of Energy National Library of Energy Search Powered By Deep Web Technologies Modify Search Preferences Powered by Deep Web Technologies HOME About NLE Communications FAQs Help Site Map Feedback/Contact Us Main View This view is used for searching all possible sources. SEARCH OPTIONS Additional Information Keyword: Title: Additional Information Author: Fields to Match: All Any Field(s) Additional Information Date Range: Beginning Date Range Pick Year 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 toEnding Date Range Pick Year 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 Search Clear All Help Simple Search Expand Category All Sources

425

Most Viewed Documents - Environmental Sciences | OSTI, US Dept of Energy,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Most Viewed Documents - Environmental Sciences Most Viewed Documents - Environmental Sciences Separation of heavy metals: Removal from industrial wastewaters and contaminated soil Peters, R.W.; Shem, L. (1993) Special Report on Emissions Scenarios : a special report of Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Alcamo, Joseph; Davis, Gerald; et al. (2000) CARBON DIOXIDE (REDUCTION) FUJITA,E. (2000) Ecological Screening Values for Surface Water, Sediment, and Soil Friday, G. P. (1999) Mitigation options for accidental releases of hazardous gases Fthenakis, V.M. (1995) Atmospheric Chemistry and Greenhouse Gases Ehhalt, D.; Prather, M.; Dentener, F.; et al. (2001) Ammonia usage in vapor compression for refrigeration and air-conditioning in the United States Fairchild, P.D.; Baxter, V.D. (1995)

426

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Fission And Nuclear Technologies |  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Fission And Nuclear Technologies April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Fission And Nuclear Technologies Behavior of spent nuclear fuel in water pool storage Johnson, A.B. Jr. (null) 298 Estimation of gas leak rates through very small orifices and channels. [From sealed PuO/sub 2/ containers under accident conditions] Bomelburg, H.J. (null) 292 Graphite design handbook Ho, F.H. (1988) 216 System Definition and Analysis: Power Plant Design and Layout NONE (1996) 123 Flow-induced vibration of circular cylindrical structures Chen, S.S. (1985) 116 Stress analysis and evaluation of a rectangular pressure vessel. [For equipment for sampling Hanford tank radwaste] Rezvani, M.A.; Ziada, H.H. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)); Shurrab, M.S. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United

427

Mountain View Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mountain View Elec Assn, Inc Mountain View Elec Assn, Inc Place Colorado Utility Id 13058 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 16.01 RESIDENTIAL RATE Residential 16.05 RESIDENTIAL TIME OF DAY SERVICE RATE Residential 18.40 SMALL POWER RATE Commercial 18.60 LARGE POWER RATE Commercial 18.61 LARGE POWER - PRIMARY METERING RATE Commercial 18.62 LARGE POWER - LOAD MANAGEMENT RATE Commercial 18.63 LARGE POWER - LOAD MANAGEMENT - PRIMARY METERING RATE Commercial 18.64 GENERAL POWER RATE Industrial

428

Standard specification for illuminators used for viewing industrial radiographs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 The function of the illuminator is to provide sufficient illumination and viewing capabilities for the purpose of identification and interpretation of radiographic images. This specification provides the recommended minimum requirements for Industrial Radiographic Illuminators used for viewing industrial radiographic films using transmitted light sources. 1.2 The illuminator has to ensure the same safety for personnel, or users of any electric apparatus, as specified by electrical standards applicable in the country in which the illuminator is used. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 Values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parenthesis are provided for information only.

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Narrow Field of View Zenith Radiometer (NFOV) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The two-channel narrow field-of-view radiometer (NFOV2) is a ground-based radiometer that looks straight up and measures radiance directly above the instrument at wavelengths of 673 and 870 nm. The field-of-view of the instrument is 1.2 degrees, and the sampling time resolution is one second. Measurements of the NFOV2 have been used to retrieve optical properties for overhead clouds that range from patchy to overcast. With a one-second sampling rate of the NFOV2, faster than almost any other ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF) instrument, we are able, for the first time, to capture changes in cloud optical properties at the natural time scale of cloud evolution.

Chiu, C; Marshak, A; Hodges, G; Barnard, JC; Schmelzer, J

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Consumer Views on Transportation and Energy (Second Edition)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report has been assembled to provide the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) with an idea of how the American public views various transportation, energy, and environmental issues. The data presented in this report have been drawn from multiple sources: surveys conducted by the Opinion Research Corporation (ORC) for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that are commissioned and funded by EERE, Gallup polls, and other sources.

Kubik, M.

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Field Guide: Live Working Rope (Optimized for Electronic Viewing)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ropes are an essential tool in many applications associated with the electric power industry. Ropes used in proximity to or in contact with high-voltage power lines require demanding dielectric properties as well as strength and durability. A comprehensive understanding of live working rope use is necessary for safe and efficient operations wherever such ropes are used. This field guide has been optimized for viewing on electronic devices. For a copy of this product printed on high-quality paper and ring...

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

432

Formation Kinetics of Nitric Oxide of Biodiesel Relative to Petroleum Diesel under Comparable Oxygen Equivalence Ratio in a Homogeneous Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interest in biodiesel has piqued with advent of stringent emissions regulations. Biodiesel is a viable substitute for petroleum diesel because biodiesel produces significantly lower particulate and soot emissions relative to petroleum diesel. Higher nitric oxide (NO) emissions for biodiesel, however, are of primary concern in biodiesel-fueled engines. Search for an in-cylinder technique to reduce NO emissions for biodiesel has motivated studies to gain an improved understanding of fundamental factors that drive increase in NO emissions with biodiesel. Potential factors include fuel-bound oxygen, fuel-bound nitrogen and post-flame gas temperature. The role of fuel-bound oxygen however is debated in the literature. The research objective of this study is to computationally determine if biodiesel and petroleum diesel yield equivalent concentrations of NO with the same oxygen equivalence ratio in a 0-D homogeneous reactor, to explain the role of fuel-bound oxygen in biodiesel on increases in NO emissions with biodiesel. The results from this study indicate that the biodiesel surrogate yields higher NO emissions than the n-heptane because of its lower oxygen consumption efficiency. The lower oxygen consumption efficiency for biodiesel is likely because of the slower decomposition of the individual components and the blending ratios of the biodiesel surrogate blend. The relative differences in combustion efficiency of individual components of the biodiesel blend suggest this conclusion. The more efficient burning of the methyl esters relative to the n-heptane in biodiesel surrogate perhaps indicates the favorable role of fuel-bound oxygen in the fuel’s combustion. The low utilization of oxygen by the biodiesel surrogate could not be explained in this study. The dominance of NO2 H ? NO OH and N NO ? N2 O mechanisms during biodiesel combustion however explain the high NO emissions for the biodiesel surrogate relative to the n-heptane. The biodiesel may yield lower NO emissions than the petroleum diesel if the blending ratios for the biodiesel are adjusted such that combustion efficiency of biodiesel and petroleum diesel is same or the NO2 H ? NO OH and N NO ? N2 O mechanisms are suppressed during biodiesel combustion.

Rathore, Gurlovleen K.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Presented  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

l* l* t , f , q.o Presented at the 20th International Pyrotechnics Seminar Colorado Springs, Colorado July 24-29, 1994 COMMENTS ON TNT EQUIVALENCE Paul W. Cooper Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico U.S.A. 87185-1156 ABSTRACT The term "TNT Equivalence" is used throughout the explosives and related industries to compare the effects of the output of a given explosive to that of TNT. This is done for technical design reasons in scaling calculations such as for the prediction of blast waves, craters, and structural response, and is also used as a basis for government regulations controlling the shipping, handling and storage Of explosive materials, as well as for the siting and design of explosive facilities. TNT equivalence is determined experimentally by several different types of tests, the most common of which include: plate dent, ballistic mortar, trauzl,

434

Table B1. Summary statistics for natural gas in the United States, metric equivalents, 2008-2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 Table B1. Summary statistics for natural gas in the United States, metric equivalents, 2008-2012 See footnotes at end of table. Number of Wells Producing at End of Year 476,652 493,100 487,627 514,637 482,822 Production (million cubic meters) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells 428,565 408,167 375,127 348,044 360,663 From Oil Wells 158,841 160,673 165,220 167,294 140,725 From Coalbed Wells 57,263 56,922 54,277 50,377 43,591 From Shale Gas Wells 81,268 112,087 164,723 240,721 291,566 Total 725,938 737,849 759,347 806,436 836,545 Repressuring 103,034 99,734 97,172 95,295 92,304 Vented and Flared 4,726 4,682 4,699 5,931 6,027 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed 20,351 20,431 23,693 24,577 21,573

435

Estimation of radiation dose at various depths for commonly used radionuclides in radiosynoviorthesis in a tissue equivalent material  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the paper is to report on the dose estimation studies at various depths for the commonly used beta-emitting {sup 90}Y, {sup 166}Ho, {sup 153}Sm, {sup 32}P, and {sup 177}Lu radionuclides in a phantom fabricated using the poly methyl methacrylate tissue equivalent material having a density of 1.19 gm/cc, by using thermoluminescent dosemeters. GAFChromic MD-55 films were used to calculate the calibration factor for the thermoluminescent micro-rods used in our study. It is observed that {sup 90}Y delivers the highest dose at 1 mm amongst the radionuclides tested followed by {sup 32}P, {sup 166}Ho, {sup 153}Sm, and {sup 177}Lu, whereas the cumulative dose received by the joint was found to be more for {sup 32}P followed by {sup 90}Y, {sup 166}Ho, {sup 153}Sm, and {sup 177}Lu. The highest therapeutic range obtained is 3.1 mm for {sup 153}Sm amongst the tested radionuclides. The dose values obtained for all the above-mentioned radionuclides can serve as reference material for those researchers and clinicians who are interested in selection of the radionuclide for the type of joint treated and the amount of dose necessary to be delivered to the synovial membrane.

Tandon, Pankaj; Malpani, B. L.; Venkatesh, Meera; Bhatt, B. C. [Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, CT and CRS Building, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, 400 094 (India); Radiation Medicine Centre, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, CT and CRS Building, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, 400 094 (India); Radiopharmaceutical Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, CT and CRS Building, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, 400 094 (India); Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, CT and CRS Building, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, 400 094 (India)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

ON THE (NON-)ENHANCEMENT OF THE Ly{alpha} EQUIVALENT WIDTH BY A MULTIPHASE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been suggested that radiative transfer effects may explain the unusually high equivalent widths (EWs) of the Ly{alpha} line, observed occasionally from starburst galaxies, especially at high redshifts. If the dust is locked up inside high-density clouds dispersed in an empty intercloud medium, the Ly{alpha} photons could scatter off of the surfaces of the clouds, effectively having their journey confined to the dustless medium. The continuum radiation, on the other hand, does not scatter, and would thus be subject to absorption inside the clouds. This scenario is routinely invoked when Ly{alpha} EWs higher than what is expected theoretically are observed, although the ideal conditions under which the results are derived usually are not considered. Here we systematically examine the relevant physical parameters in this idealized framework, testing whether any astrophysically realistic scenarios may lead to such an effect. It is found that although clumpiness indeed facilitates the escape of Ly{alpha}, it is highly unlikely that any real interstellar media should result in a preferential escape of Ly{alpha} over continuum radiation. Other possible causes are discussed, and it is concluded that the observed high EWs are more likely to be caused by cooling radiation from cold accretion and/or anisotropic escape of the Ly{alpha} radiation.

Laursen, Peter; Duval, Florent; Oestlin, Goeran, E-mail: pela@dark-cosmology.dk [The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden)] [The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Chemical and biological 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin equivalents in fly ash from combustion of bleached kraft pulp mill sludge  

SciTech Connect

Fly ash was collected from five large-scale or pilot tests in which burning of bleached kraft pulp mill sludge was studied. The content of dioxin-like compounds in this fly ash was estimated both chemically and biologically. Fly ash was analyzed chemically for 17 PCDD and PCDF congeners by high-resolution GC-MS, and the data were transformed to Nordic TCDD equivalents. The biological analyses were based on the induction of several enzymes (aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase [AHH], 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase [EROD], aldehyde dehydrogenase-3 [ALDG3]) by the fly ash extracts in a mouse hepatoma cell line, Hepa-1. The inducing potencies were expressed as biological TCDD equivalents. There was a good correlation between the Nordic and the biological TCDD equivalents. Differences in the amounts of dioxin-like compounds among the combustions were attributed mainly to the boiler types and not to fuel characteristics or combustion parameters.

Kopponen, P.; Toerroenen, R. (Univ. of Kuopio (Finland). Dept. of Physiology); Vaelttilae, O.; Talka, E. (Finnish Pulp and Paper Research Inst., Espoo (Finland)); Tarhanen, J.; Ruuskanen, J. (Univ. of Kuopio (Finland). Dept. of Environmental Sciences); Kaerenlampi, S. (Univ. of Kuopio (Finland). Dept. of Biochemistry and Biotechnology)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Lake View, Alabama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alabama: Energy Resources Alabama: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.2806703°, -87.1374959° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.2806703,"lon":-87.1374959,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

439

Mountain View Acres, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Acres, California: Energy Resources Acres, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 34.496663°, -117.3489352° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.496663,"lon":-117.3489352,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

440

Southern View, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Illinois: Energy Resources Illinois: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.9044903°, -91.3982056° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.9044903,"lon":-91.3982056,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

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441

View Park-Windsor Hills, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Park-Windsor Hills, California: Energy Resources Park-Windsor Hills, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.9929545°, -118.3491169° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.9929545,"lon":-118.3491169,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

442

Desert View Highlands, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Highlands, California: Energy Resources Highlands, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 34.5908225°, -118.1525735° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.5908225,"lon":-118.1525735,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

443

Chevy Chase View, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maryland: Energy Resources Maryland: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.0198318°, -77.082478° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.0198318,"lon":-77.082478,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

444

Mountain View, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

California: Energy Resources California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 37.3860517°, -122.0838511° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.3860517,"lon":-122.0838511,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

445

Grand View Estates, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Estates, Colorado: Energy Resources Estates, Colorado: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.5435998°, -104.8210877° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.5435998,"lon":-104.8210877,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

446

Focussing the view on Nature's water-splitting catalyst  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

About 3 billion years ago Nature invented a catalyst that splits water with highefficiency into molecular oxygen and hydrogen equivalents (protons and electrons). This reaction is energetically driven by sun light and the active centre contains relatively cheap and abundant metals: manganese and calcium. This biological system therefore forms the paradigm for all man made attempts for direct solar fuel production and several studies are underway to determine the electronic and geometric structures of this catalyst. In this report we briefly summarize the problems and the current status of these efforts, and propose a DFT-based strategy for obtaining a reliable high resolution structure of this unique catalyst that includes both the inorganic core and the first ligand sphere.

Messinger, Johannes; Yano, Junko

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Method for measuring dose-equivalent in a neutron flux with an unknown energy spectra and means for carrying out that method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for measuring the dose-equivalent for exposure to an unknown and/or time varing neutron flux which comprises simultaneously exposing a plurality of neutron detecting elements of different types to a neutron flux and combining the measured responses of the various detecting elements by means of a function, whose value is an approximate measure of the dose-equivalent, which is substantially independent of the energy spectra of the flux. Also, a personnel neutron dosimeter, which is useful in carrying out the above method, comprising a plurality of various neutron detecting elements in a single housing suitable for personnel to wear while working in a radiation area.

Distenfeld, Carl H. (Mattituck, NY)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Wind energy. Views on the environment: clean and green  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As the United States grapples with the issue of global climate change resulting from fossil fuel combustion, and as the U.S. Congress and individual state legislatures consider restructuring the electric utility industry, lawmakers should keep in mind the environmental preferability of renewable energy sources such as wind and the long, continuing record of public support for them. This is particularly important in view of restructuring, which will have the effect of shifting decisions about the type and quantity of new power plants to be built from utility executives to the general public. Preliminary information suggests that ''green,'' or environmentally-friendly, power sources could win a significant market share. In addition to creating new demand for clean energy sources, this development is likely to create a committed, educated political constituency for clean energy that has not existed in the past. In such an altered environment for the selection of new generation, public attitudes on the desirability of various power sources will become much more important than they have in the past. The purpose of this paper is to briefly summarize public opinion surveys on the environment in general, renewable energy in general, and wind energy in particular in that order, using data gathered from polling in the U.S., the United Kingdom, and Canada. At this writing, more than 16 years after the first wind plants began going up in California, there is a solid and growing body of information available on public acceptance of wind energy. This paper draws on more than 25 surveys conducted over the years on wind and renewables, as well as individual findings on attitudes on the environment from other polls. An abbreviated summary of the public attitudes reviewed in this document is as follows: Views on the Environment: Public concern about protecting the environment, and particularly those aspects of the environment that relate to human health, such as air pollution, is high and growing. Views on Renewable Energy: The public strongly prefers using a combination of efficiency and renewables to meet energy needs, and has done so in poll after poll taken since the late 1970s. Views on Wind, General: The bulk of public opinion on wind is from the U.K., where wind development in recent years has been active and controversial. In more than a dozen surveys taken over the past five years, respondents have expressed strong backing for wind. In addition, support for wind has typically strengthened after a wind plant has been installed and operating for some time. Views on Wind, Specific: Public polling information on wind energy's specific attributes is also primarily from the U.K. Surveys found that wind's primary positive points are that it is clean, renewable, safe, and helps conserve fossil fuels; its principal weaknesses are the fact that it is intermittent and somewhat more expensive than fossil-fired power. With respect to wind's environmental impacts, those surveyed were most concerned by visual impact and noise. However, in virtually every poll, the number of respondents expressing negative views is very small.

Gray, Thomas O.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Ground control failures. A pictorial view of case studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The book shows, in pictorial views, many forms and/or stages of types of failures in mines, for instance, cutter, roof falls, and cribs. In each case, the year of occurrence is stated in the beginning so that the environment or technological background under which it occurred are reflected. The narrative than begins with the mining and geological conditions, followed by a description of the ground control problems and recommended solutions and results, if any. The sections cover failure of pillars, roof falls, longwall, roof bolting, multiple-seam mining, floor heave, longwall, flooding and weathering of coal, old workings, and shortwall and thin-seam plow longwall.

Peng, S.S.

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #416: March 20, 2006 Consumer Views on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: March 20, 6: March 20, 2006 Consumer Views on Gasoline Taxes to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #416: March 20, 2006 Consumer Views on Gasoline Taxes on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #416: March 20, 2006 Consumer Views on Gasoline Taxes on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #416: March 20, 2006 Consumer Views on Gasoline Taxes on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #416: March 20, 2006 Consumer Views on Gasoline Taxes on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #416: March 20, 2006 Consumer Views on Gasoline Taxes on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #416: March 20, 2006 Consumer Views on Gasoline Taxes on AddThis.com... Fact #416: March 20, 2006 Consumer Views on Gasoline Taxes

451

Dynamical response of the "GGG" rotor to test the Equivalence Principle: theory, simulation and experiment. Part I: the normal modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent theoretical work suggests that violation of the Equivalence Principle might be revealed in a measurement of the fractional differential acceleration $\\eta$ between two test bodies -of different composition, falling in the gravitational field of a source mass- if the measurement is made to the level of $\\eta\\simeq 10^{-13}$ or better. This being within the reach of ground based experiments, gives them a new impetus. However, while slowly rotating torsion balances in ground laboratories are close to reaching this level, only an experiment performed in low orbit around the Earth is likely to provide a much better accuracy. We report on the progress made with the "Galileo Galilei on the Ground" (GGG) experiment, which aims to compete with torsion balances using an instrument design also capable of being converted into a much higher sensitivity space test. In the present and following paper (Part I and Part II), we demonstrate that the dynamical response of the GGG differential accelerometer set into supercritical rotation -in particular its normal modes (Part I) and rejection of common mode effects (Part II)- can be predicted by means of a simple but effective model that embodies all the relevant physics. Analytical solutions are obtained under special limits, which provide the theoretical understanding. A simulation environment is set up, obtaining quantitative agreement with the available experimental data on the frequencies of the normal modes, and on the whirling behavior. This is a needed and reliable tool for controlling and separating perturbative effects from the expected signal, as well as for planning the optimization of the apparatus.

G. L. Comandi; M. L. Chiofalo; R. Toncelli; D. Bramanti; E. Polacco; A. M. Nobili

2006-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

452

A motion sensor interactive interface for viewing and manipulating protein structural data in 3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a fun, interactive way to view and alter protein structural data by hand via motion sensors and voice activation. This will enable users to freely zoom, rotate, and view a protein through a friendly hands-on experience. Multiple view and rotation ...

Robyn Moncrief; William Gobber

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

ViewPointer: lightweight calibration-free eye tracking for ubiquitous handsfree deixis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce ViewPointer, a wearable eye contact sensor that detects deixis towards ubiquitous computers embedded in real world objects. ViewPointer consists of a small wearable camera no more obtrusive than a common Bluetooth headset. ViewPointer allows ... Keywords: attentive user interface, eye tracking

John D. Smith; Roel Vertegaal; Changuk Sohn

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Expression of proliferative and inflammatory markers in a full-thickness human skin equivalent following exposure to the model sulfur mustard vesicant, 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sulfur mustard is a potent vesicant that induces inflammation, edema and blistering following dermal exposure. To assess molecular mechanisms mediating these responses, we analyzed the effects of the model sulfur mustard vesicant, 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide, on EpiDerm-FT{sup TM}, a commercially available full-thickness human skin equivalent. CEES (100-1000 {mu}M) caused a concentration-dependent increase in pyknotic nuclei and vacuolization in basal keratinocytes; at high concentrations (300-1000 {mu}M), CEES also disrupted keratin filament architecture in the stratum corneum. This was associated with time-dependent increases in expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, a marker of cell proliferation, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and phosphorylated histone H2AX, markers of DNA damage. Concentration- and time-dependent increases in mRNA and protein expression of eicosanoid biosynthetic enzymes including COX-2, 5-lipoxygenase, microsomal PGE{sub 2} synthases, leukotriene (LT) A{sub 4} hydrolase and LTC{sub 4} synthase were observed in CEES-treated skin equivalents, as well as in antioxidant enzymes, glutathione S-transferases A1-2 (GSTA1-2), GSTA3 and GSTA4. These data demonstrate that CEES induces rapid cellular damage, cytotoxicity and inflammation in full-thickness skin equivalents. These effects are similar to human responses to vesicants in vivo and suggest that the full thickness skin equivalent is a useful in vitro model to characterize the biological effects of mustards and to develop potential therapeutics.

Black, Adrienne T. [Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Hayden, Patrick J. [MatTek Corporation, Ashland, MA (United States); Casillas, Robert P. [Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH (United States); Heck, Diane E. [Environmental Health Sciences, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY (United States); Gerecke, Donald R. [Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Sinko, Patrick J. [Pharmaceutics, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Laskin, Debra L. [Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Laskin, Jeffrey D., E-mail: jlaskin@eohsi.rutgers.ed [Environmental and Occupational Medicine, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ (United States)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Comparison of artificial neural network and combined models in estimating spatial distribution of snow depth and snow water equivalent in Samsami basin of Iran  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Snow water equivalent (SWE) is a key parameter in hydrological cycle, and information on regional SWE is required for various hydrological and meteorological applications, as well as for hydropower production and flood forecasting. This study compares ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Combined methods, Snow depth, Spatial distribution

Hossein Tabari; S. Marofi; H. Zare Abyaneh; M. R. Sharifi

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Mountain View Power Partners I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

I Wind Farm I Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Mountain View Power Partners I Wind Farm Facility Mountain View Power Partners I Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner MDU Resources Developer SeaWest Energy Purchaser L.A. Department of Water Resources Location San Gorgonio CA Coordinates 33.9095°, -116.734° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.9095,"lon":-116.734,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

457

Efficient view-dependent out-of-core visualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hierarchical levels of details (HLODs) have proven to be an efficient way to visualize complex environments and models even in an out-of-core system. Large objects are partitioned into a spatial hierarchy and on each node a level of detail is generated for efficient view-dependent rendering. To ensure correct matching between adjacent nodes in the hierarchy care has to be taken to prevent cracks along the cuts. This either leads to severe simplification constraints at the cuts and thus to a significantly higher number of triangles or the need for a costly runtime stitching of these nodes. In this paper we present an out-of-core visualization algorithm that overcomes this problem by filling the cracks generated by the simplification algorithm with appropriately shaded fat borders. Furthermore, several minor yet important improvements of previous approaches are made. This way we come up with a simple nevertheless efficient view-dependent rendering technique which allows for the natural incorporation of state-of-the-art culling, simplification, compression and prefetching techniques. 1.

Michael Guthe; Pavel Borodin; Reinhard Klein

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Psychological Projection: Islamic and Freudian Views Published by Administrator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projection is a term applied by Sigmund Freud for the act of projecting one’s feelings, attitudes, etc. onto other people. Projection is one of many defense mechanisms, another term for the strategies people use to cope with situations which arouse anxiety. To make this clearer, let us consider an example. A person who always lies, according to Freud, is more likely to see others as liars too. The same is true for a thief; he might feel vigilant about the safety of his own property because he projects his bad deeds onto other people, thinking that other people may have higher tendencies to steal. How does Islam view the idea of psychological projection developed by Freud? First of all, it is appropriate to highlight the writings of Said Nursi in which he tells the story of two travelers with different states in their hearts. One was serene and optimistic and viewed the world in positive ways while the other one was anxious and pessimistic, seeing the world as all negative. Both went to similar places, where ordinary lifestyles could be observed. The former one saw the place as beautiful with many good things existing there. However, it was different for the latter; wherever he looked he saw negative things. According to Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, this difference of perspective between these two

Taufik Bin Mohammad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

T-721:Mac OS X Directory Services Lets Local Users View User Password  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21:Mac OS X Directory Services Lets Local Users View User 21:Mac OS X Directory Services Lets Local Users View User Password Hashes T-721:Mac OS X Directory Services Lets Local Users View User Password Hashes September 20, 2011 - 8:45am Addthis PROBLEM: Mac OS X Directory Services Lets Local Users View User Password Hashes. PLATFORM: Mac OS X Lion (10.7) ABSTRACT: A local user can view user password hashes. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026067 Apple Support Downloads Apple Security Updates Apple OS X Lion v10.7.1 Update IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in Mac OS X. A local user can view user password hashes. A local user can invoke the following Directory Services command line command to view the password hash for the target user: dscl localhost -read /Search/Users/[target user] A local user can change their

460

Helix Wind Inc formerly ClearView Acquisitions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Helix Wind Inc formerly ClearView Acquisitions Helix Wind Inc formerly ClearView Acquisitions Jump to: navigation, search Name Helix Wind Inc. (formerly ClearView Acquisitions) Place San Diego, California Zip 92113 Sector Wind energy Product California-based manufacturer of small scale wind turbines. References Helix Wind Inc. (formerly ClearView Acquisitions)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Helix Wind Inc. (formerly ClearView Acquisitions) is a company located in San Diego, California . References ↑ "Helix Wind Inc. (formerly ClearView Acquisitions)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Helix_Wind_Inc_formerly_ClearView_Acquisitions&oldid=346471"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

ParaView on the Data Analytics Cluster on Eureka/Gadzooks | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on the Data Analytics Cluster on Eureka/Gadzooks on the Data Analytics Cluster on Eureka/Gadzooks Set Up User Environment The recommended way of running ParaView on Eureka is in client/server mode. This consists of running the ParaView client on your local resource, and the ParaView server (pvserver) on the Eureka visualization nodes. The latest version currently installed on Eureka is ParaView 4.0.1. This should first be installed on your local resource. Binary and source packages for Linux, MacOS, and Windows are available from the ParaView Download Page. (Run the 'softenv' command on the Eureka login node to see additional versions of ParaView that are available on Eureka). To put ParaView in your environment on Eureka, add the following line to your ~/.softenvrc file NOTE: This must go before the @default entry. Also note that this macro

462

T-538: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector Bug Lets Remote Users Execute  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

T-538: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector Bug Lets Remote Users T-538: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector Bug Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code T-538: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector Bug Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code January 20, 2011 - 6:39am Addthis PROBLEM: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector Bug Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code. PLATFORM: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector v6.11 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in HP OpenView Storage Data Protector. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system. reference LINKS: HP Security Bulletin SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1024983 CVE-2011-0273 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A potential security vulnerability has been identified with HP OpenView Storage Data Protector. The vulnerability could be remotely exploited to execute arbitrary code.

463

National Synchrotron Light Source A View of Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

managed for the U.S. Department of Energy managed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Brookhaven Science Associates, a company founded by Stony Brook University and Battelle managed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Brookhaven Science Associates, a company founded by Stony Brook University and Battelle National Synchrotron Light Source A View of Brookhaven Brookhaven National Laboratory is a multipurpose re- search laboratory funded by the U.S. Department of En- ergy. Located on a 5,300-acre site on Long Island, New York, the Laboratory operates large-scale facilities for studies in physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, applied science, and advanced technology. Brookhaven's 2,600 scientists, engineers, and support staff are joined each year by more than 5,000 visiting research- ers from around the world.

464

Mountain View Power Partners II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Partners II Wind Farm Power Partners II Wind Farm Facility Mountain View Power Partners II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner MDU Resources Developer SeaWest Energy Purchaser L.A. Department of Water Resources Location San Gorgonio CA Coordinates 33.9095°, -116.734° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.9095,"lon":-116.734,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

465

City of Lake View, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place Iowa Place Iowa Utility Id 10617 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Service Commercial Residential Service Residential Rural Service Residential Three-Phase Service Industrial Average Rates Residential: $0.0698/kWh Commercial: $0.0685/kWh Industrial: $0.0710/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Lake_View,_Iowa_(Utility_Company)&oldid=409821

466

Mountain View Power Partners III Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Partners III Wind Farm Power Partners III Wind Farm Facility Mountain View Power Partners III Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner PPM Energy Inc Developer PPM Energy Inc Energy Purchaser San Diego Gas & Electric Location San Gorgonio CA Coordinates 33.9095°, -116.734° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.9095,"lon":-116.734,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

467

Prosection views: Dimensional inference through sections and projections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present some basic properties of two general graphical techniques for constructing views of high-dimensional objects, projection and section. Projections can easily display aspects of structure that are only of low dimension, while sections, i.e., intersections of subspaces with a highdimensional object, can easily display structure of only low codimension (and hence often high dimension). However, compositions of sections and projections, here called prosections, can display aspects of structure of any intermediate dimension. These statements are relevant for data analysis: projections of data can be easily generated with x-yscatterplots, 3-D data rotations, and grand tours, while sections can be approximated in existing systems by scatterplot brushing and painting. Thus this paper is in part an investigation into the principles underlying these techniques.

George W. Furnas; Andreas Buja

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Record 11002: Number of Cars Equivalent to 100 Metric Tons of Avoided Greenhouse Gases per Year  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

02 Date: January 5, 2011 02 Date: January 5, 2011 Title: Number of Cars Equivalent to 100 Metric Tons of Avoided Greenhouse Gases per Year Originator: Andrea Chew & Tien Nguyen Approved by: Sunita Satyapal Date: January 25, 2011 A conventional mid-size gasoline car emits 0.45 kg of greenhouse gases (GHG) per mile. 1 One hundred (100) metric tons (t) of GHG per year are equivalent to emissions from 17 conventional gasoline cars. Item: The GHG emissions cited above are from an analysis record prepared by the Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies and Vehicle Technologies Programs on life-cycle emissions of greenhouse gases and petroleum use for several light-duty vehicles. 1 For cars that are between 1 and 5 years old, the average mileage is approximately 13,000,

469

Comparison of the Halpha equivalent width of HII regions in a flocculent and a grand design galaxy: possible evidences for IMF variations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here a study of the Halpha equivalent widths of the flocculent galaxy NGC 4395 and the grand design galaxy NGC 5457. A difference between the mean values of the Halpha equivalent widths for the two galaxies has been found. Several hypotheses are presented in order to explain this difference: differences in age, metallicity, star formation rate, photon leakage and initial mass function. Various tests and Monte Carlo models are used to find out the most probable cause of this difference. The resultsshow that the possible cause for the difference could be a variation in the initial mass function. This difference is such that it seems to favor a fraction of more massive stars in the grand design galaxy when compared with the flocculent galaxy. This could be due to a change of the environmental conditions due to a density wave.

Cedres, B; Tomita, A; Cedres, Bernabe; Cepa, Jordi; Tomita, Akihiko

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Comparison of the Halpha equivalent width of HII regions in a flocculent and a grand design galaxy: possible evidences for IMF variations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here a study of the Halpha equivalent widths of the flocculent galaxy NGC 4395 and the grand design galaxy NGC 5457. A difference between the mean values of the Halpha equivalent widths for the two galaxies has been found. Several hypotheses are presented in order to explain this difference: differences in age, metallicity, star formation rate, photon leakage and initial mass function. Various tests and Monte Carlo models are used to find out the most probable cause of this difference. The resultsshow that the possible cause for the difference could be a variation in the initial mass function. This difference is such that it seems to favor a fraction of more massive stars in the grand design galaxy when compared with the flocculent galaxy. This could be due to a change of the environmental conditions due to a density wave.

Bernabe Cedres; Jordi Cepa; Akihiko Tomita

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

471

U-025: HP OpenView Network Node Manager Bugs Let Remote Users Execute  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U-025: HP OpenView Network Node Manager Bugs Let Remote Users U-025: HP OpenView Network Node Manager Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-025: HP OpenView Network Node Manager Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code November 2, 2011 - 8:00am Addthis PROBLEM: HP OpenView Network Node Manager Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code. PLATFORM: HP OpenView Network Node Manager (OV NNM) v7.51, v7.53 running on HP-UX, Linux, Solaris, and Windows ABSTRACT: A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system. reference LINKS: HP Support Center Document ID: c03054052 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026260 CVE-2011-1365 CVE-2011-1366 CVE-2011-1367 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Several vulnerabilities were reported in HP OpenView Network Node Manager. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system.

472

T-643: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector Unspecified Code Execution  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

643: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector Unspecified Code 643: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector Unspecified Code Execution Vulnerability T-643: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector Unspecified Code Execution Vulnerability June 9, 2011 - 3:45pm Addthis PROBLEM: HP OpenView Storage Data Protector Unspecified Code Execution Vulnerability PLATFORM: Versions 6.0, 6.10, and 6.11 running on HP-UX, Solaris, Linux and Windows. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability has been reported in HP OpenView Storage Data Protector, which can be exploited by malicious people to compromise a vulnerable system. reference LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA44884 CVE-2011-1864 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025620 HP Document ID: c02712867 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in HP OpenView Storage Data Protector. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system.

473

Viewing spin structures with soft x-ray microscopy  

SciTech Connect

The spin of the electron and its associated magnetic moment marks the basic unit for magnetic properties of matter. Magnetism, in particular ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism is described by a collective order of these spins, where the interaction between individual spins reflects a competition between exchange, anisotropy and dipolar energy terms. As a result the energetically favored ground state of a ferromagnetic system is a rather complex spin configuration, the magnetic domain structure. Magnetism is one of the eldest scientific phenomena, yet it is one of the most powerful and versatile utilized physical effects in modern technologies, such as in magnetic storage and sensor devices. To achieve highest storage density, the relevant length scales, such as the bit size in disk drives is now approaching the nanoscale and as such further developments have to deal with nanoscience phenomena. Advanced characterization tools are required to fully understand the underlying physical principles. Magnetic microscopes using polarized soft X-rays offer a close-up view into magnetism with unique features, these include elemental sensitivity due to X-ray magnetic dichroism effects as contrast mechanism, high spatial resolution provided by state-of-the-art X-ray optics and fast time resolution limited by the inherent time structure of current X-ray sources, which will be overcome with the introduction of ultrafast and high brilliant X-ray sources.

Fischer, Peter

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

The data dictionary: A view into the CTBT knowledge base  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The data dictionary for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) knowledge base provides a comprehensive, current catalog of the projected contents of the knowledge base. It is written from a data definition view of the knowledge base and therefore organizes information in a fashion that allows logical storage within the computer. The data dictionary introduces two organization categories of data: the datatype, which is a broad, high-level category of data, and the dataset, which is a specific instance of a datatype. The knowledge base, and thus the data dictionary, consist of a fixed, relatively small number of datatypes, but new datasets are expected to be added on a regular basis. The data dictionary is a tangible result of the design effort for the knowledge base and is intended to be used by anyone who accesses the knowledge base for any purpose, such as populating the knowledge base with data, or accessing the data for use with automatic data processing (ADP) routines, or browsing through the data for verification purposes. For these two reasons, it is important to discuss the development of the data dictionary as well as to describe its contents to better understand its usefulness; that is the purpose of this paper.

Shepherd, E.R.; Keyser, R.G.; Armstrong, H.M. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Microsoft Word - A Systems View of the Modern Grid_Final_v2_0.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

V2.0 V2.0 The NETL Modern Grid Initiative A SYSTEMS VIEW OF THE MODERN GRID Conducted by the National Energy Technology Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability January 2007 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Page 1 v2.0 A Systems View of the Modern Grid TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents ..................................................................................... 1 Executive Summary .................................................................................. 2 Creating the Systems View........................................................................ 4 Key Success Factors .................................................................................

476

Concept development for the ITER equatorial port visible/infrared wide angle viewing system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ITER equatorial port visible/infrared wide angle viewing system concept is developed from the measurement requirements. The proposed solution situates 4 viewing systems in the equatorial ports 3, 9, 12, and 17 with 4 views each (looking at the upper target, the inner divertor, and tangentially left and right). This gives sufficient coverage. The spatial resolution of the divertor system is 2 times higher than the other views. For compensation of vacuum-vessel movements, an optical hinge concept is proposed. Compactness and low neutron streaming is achieved by orienting port plug doglegs horizontally. Calibration methods, risks, and R and D topics are outlined.

Reichle, R.; Beaumont, B.; Boilson, D.; Bouhamou, R.; Direz, M.-F.; Encheva, A.; Henderson, M.; Kazarian, F.; Lamalle, Ph.; Lisgo, S.; Mitteau, R.; Patel, K. M.; Pitcher, C. S.; Pitts, R. A.; Prakash, A.; Raffray, R.; Schunke, B.; Snipes, J.; Diaz, A. Suarez; Udintsev, V. S. [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, 13115 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); and others

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

for viewPP version1.00 klic klitcl.kl1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PP ( ) 2 #12;viewPP 3 viewpp.tcl GUI Tcl/Tk viewpp viewPP klic klitcl.kl1 viewpp viewPP klitcl 2 klitcld Tcl/Tk klic klitcl Tcl/Tk klic (Tk ) C viewpp klitcld 2 3 viewPP klic (version 2.002) Tcl (version 7.5) Tk (version 4.1) #12;1. / Tcl/Tk ( Tk 3.6 ) 2. OS SunOS 5.4/5.5.1 OS 3. klic I/O (Configure "Does

Tanaka, Jiro

478

A Framework for viewing theoretical, technological, economic and market potential of carbon dioxide capture and storage  

SciTech Connect

Paper presents an intelectual framework for viewing how the theoretical, technological, economic and market potentials of carbon dioxide capture and storage are related to each other.

Dooley, James J.

2004-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

479

The Harold Brown view: LLNL then and now  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Harold Brown was the Laboratory's third Director, serving from 1960 to 1961. He joined the Livermore laboratory in 1952. At Livermore, Brown worked on the Polaris warhead and on Project Plowshare, program designed to apply nuclear explosives to peaceful uses (such as excavating harbors). Brown succeeded Edward Teller as Director of the Livermore Laboratory in July 1960. His tenure as Director was particularly challenging as these were the years of the moratorium on nuclear testing. He was the driving force in expanding the Laboratory's capabilities for simulating nuclear explosions with computers. As part of LLNL's 40th anniversary observances, Brown was invited to lecture on his views of the changing world and the role of the Laboratory. He reminisced about events that occurred in the Laboratory's early years, with an eye to finding lessons for the future. In particular, he cited Project Plowshare and the MX ICBM as examples of projects that were technologically and economically feasible but unacceptable in terms of public perception. Brown also discussed the international security environment and the Laboratory's role in support of the national security goals of the United States. He defined U.S. security as protecting America against external threats to its physical survival, to its democratic form of government, or to the well-being of the people of the United States. By this definition, issues of international trade and market access have a strong bearing on national security. Thus the Laboratory can find much important and interesting work to do under the heading of national security and economic competitiveness. Brown also pointed out, however, that working effectively with the private sector will take a change in culture since the private-sector market is very different from and more competitive than the nuclear weapons world or the government's nondefense market.

Brown, H. (Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Estimating Probabilities of Cloud-Free Fields-of-View From the Earth Through the Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model for estimating the probability of obtaining a cloud-free field-of-view as a function of ground-observer-reported total sky cover is presented for earth-to-space viewing applications. The development of the model and examples of its ...

Iver A. Lund; Donald D. Grantham; Richard E. Davis

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tnt equivalence view" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The Determination of Sky View-Factors in Urban Environments Using Video Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique is described whereby sky view-factors may be determined using a video camera equipped with a fish-eye lens. The video image is digitized and then analyzed to distinguish between “sky” and “non-sky” pixels. View-factors are calculated ...

D. G. Steyn; J. E. Hay; Ian D. Watson; Glenn T. Johnson

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

A Multiple View Approach to Support Common Ground in Distributed and Synchronous Geo-Collaboration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate strategies to support knowledgesharing in distributed, synchronous collaboration. Our goalis to propose, justify, and assess a multiple view approachto support common ground in geo-collaboration within multi-roleteams. We ... Keywords: Multiple views, common ground, distributed and synchronous geo-collaboration

Gregorio Convertino; Craig H. Ganoe; Wendy A. Schafer; Beth Yost; John M. Carroll

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Content-aware bit allocation in scalable multi-view video coding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new scalable multi-view video coding (SMVC) method with content-aware bit allocation among multiple views. The video is encoded off-line with a predetermined number of temporal and SNR scalability layers. Content-aware bit allocation among ...

Nükhet Özbek; A. Murat Tekalp

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Probabilistic subspace-based learning of shape dynamics modes for multi-view action recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-temporal interest point de- scriptors (STIP) [12] for multi-view action recognition. 5.1. Dataset The MuHAVi dataset outperforms [13] which uses Spatio-Temporal Interest Points (STIP) [12] for multi-view action recognition. This method constructs BoW of STIP features for every action. These BoWs are classified using Support Vector

California at Santa Barbara, University of

485

Multi-view Hockey Tracking with Trajectory Smoothing and Camera Selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the problem of multi-view multi-target tracking using multiple stationary cameras in the application of hockey tracking and test the approach with data from two cameras. The system is based on the previous work by Okuma et al. [50]. We replace AdaBoost detection with blob detection in both image coordinate systems after background subtraction. The sets of blob-detection results are then mapped to the rink coordinate system using a homography transformation. These observations are further merged into the final detection result which will be incorporated into the particle filter. In addition, we extend the particle filter to use multiple observation models, each corresponding to a view. An observation likelihood and a reference color model are also maintained for each player in each view and are updated only when the player is not occluded in that view. As a result of the expanded coverage range and multiple perspectives in the multi-view tracking, even when the target is occluded in one view, it still can be tracked as long as it is visible from another view. The multi-view tracking data are further processed by trajectory smoothing using the Maximum a posteriori smoother. Finally, automatic camera selection is performed using the Hidden Markov Model to create personalized video programs. ii Table of Contents Abstract................................. ii

Lan Wu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

MobiUS: enable together-viewing video experience across two mobile devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We envision a new better-together mobile application paradigm where multiple mobile devices are placed in a close proximity and study a specific together-viewing video application in which a higher resolution video isplayed back across ... Keywords: better-together, collaborative decoding, energy efficiency, mobile computing, proximity detection, resource aggregation, screen aggregation, together-viewing

Guobin Shen; Yanlin Li; Yongguang Zhang

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Development of software for spectral imaging data acquisition using LabVIEW  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing data acquisition software is a major challenge in integrating a spectral imaging system. This paper presents the design and implementation of a data acquisition program using LabVIEW for a liquid crystal tunable filter based spectral imaging ... Keywords: Data acquisition, Finite state machine, Hyperspectral imaging, LCTF, LabVIEW, Software

Weilin Wang; Changying Li; Ernest W. Tollner; Glen C. Rains

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Hybrid clustering of multi-view data via Tucker-2 model and its application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the modern technology fast developing, most of entities can be observed by different perspectives. These multiple view information allows us to find a better pattern as long as we integrate them in an appropriate way. So clustering by integrating ... Keywords: Bibliometric analysis, Hybrid clustering, Multi-view data, Text mining

Xinhai Liu; Wolfgang Glänzel; Bart De Moor

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

TECHNICAL BASIS FOR DOE STANDARD 3013 EQUIVALENCY SUPPORTING REDUCED TEMPERATURE STABILIZATION OF OXALATE-DERIVED PLUTONIUM DIOXIDE PRODUCED BY THE HB-LINE FACILITY AT SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the technical basis for determining that stabilizing highpurity PuO{sub 2} derived from oxalate precipitation at the SRS HB-Line facility at a minimum of 625 {degree}C for at least four hours in an oxidizing atmosphere is equivalent to stabilizing at a minimum of 950 {degree}C for at least two hours as regards meeting the objectives of stabilization defined by DOE-STD-3013 if the material is handled in a way to prevent excessive absorption of water.

Duffey, J. M.; Livingston, R. R.; Berg, J. M.; Veirs, D. K.

2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

490

Neutron flux, spectrum, and dose equivalent measurements for a 4500-W(th) /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ general purpose heat source  

SciTech Connect

The total emission rate is (4.5 +- 0.4) 10/sup 7/ n/s, and the average neutron energy is (1.64 +- 0.07) MeV. The factor for converting from neutron fluence to dose equivalent for this spectrum is (3.10 +- 0.24) 10/sup -5/ mRem/n-cm/sup -2/. The factor for converting from neutron fluence to tissue absorbed dose is (3.18 +- 0.26) 10/sup -6/ mRad/n-cm/sup -2/.

Anderson, M.E.

1985-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

491

T-704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote 704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated Users Obtain Password T-704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated Users Obtain Password August 29, 2011 - 3:45am Addthis PROBLEM: Allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information by sniffing the network or leveraging access to a recipient mailbox. PLATFORM: RSA enVision Version(s): 3.x, 4.x ABSTRACT: RSA enVision lets remote users view files and remote authenticated users obtain password. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025979 CVE-2011-2736 CVE-2011-2737 RSA enVision Product Security IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Two vulnerabilities were reported in RSA enVision. A remote user can view files on the target system. A remote authenticated user can obtain

492

T-704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote 4: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated Users Obtain Password T-704: RSA enVision Lets Remote Users View Files and Remote Authenticated Users Obtain Password August 29, 2011 - 3:45am Addthis PROBLEM: Allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information by sniffing the network or leveraging access to a recipient mailbox. PLATFORM: RSA enVision Version(s): 3.x, 4.x ABSTRACT: RSA enVision lets remote users view files and remote authenticated users obtain password. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025979 CVE-2011-2736 CVE-2011-2737 RSA enVision Product Security IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Two vulnerabilities were reported in RSA enVision. A remote user can view files on the target system. A remote authenticated user can obtain

493

Prairie View A&M University | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prairie View A&M University Prairie View A&M University Prairie View A&M University, Historically Black College and University (HBCU) Professor Tian-sen Huang The Prairie View Plasma Lab (PVPL) is the only fusion plasma lab operated at an HBCU, and a major research and education laboratory at Prairie View A&M University (PVAMU). The lab has two rotamak devices supported by two 500kHz/400 kW rf generators to operate a rotating magnetic field drive-FRC plasma. Since PVPL 2001, PPPL/OSUR provided significant technical and material support during the lab's construction, and assisted in the installation and initial operation of the rotomak FRC plasma device. Because there is no engineering support service at PVAMU, PPPL organized an engineering team that gave the PVPL team assistance in assembling the

494

Criticality Safety Analysis on the Mixed Be, Nat-U, and C (Graphite) Reflectors in 55-Gallon Waste Drums and Their Equivalents for HWM Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this analysis is to develop and establish the technical basis on the criticality safety controls for the storage of mixed beryllium (Be), natural uranium (Nat-U), and carbon (C)/graphite reflectors in 55-gallon waste containers and/or their equivalents in Hazardous Waste Management (HWM) facilities. Based on the criticality safety limits and controls outlined in Section 3.0, the operations involving the use of mixed-reflector drums satisfy the double-contingency principle as required by DOE Order 420.1 and are therefore criticality safe. The mixed-reflector mass limit is 120 grams for each 55-gallon drum or its equivalent. a reflector waiver of 50 grams is allowed for Be, Nat-U, or C/graphite combined. The waived reflectors may be excluded from the reflector mass calculations when determining if a drum is compliant. The mixed-reflector drums are allowed to mix with the typical 55-gallon one-reflector drums with a Pu mass limit of 120 grams. The fissile mass limit for the mixed-reflector container is 65 grams of Pu equivalent each. The corresponding reflector mass limits are 300 grams of Be, and/or 100 kilograms of Nat-U, and/or 110 kilograms of C/graphite for each container. All other unaffected control parameters for the one-reflector containers remain in effect for the mixed-reflector drums. For instance, Superior moderators, such as TrimSol, Superla white mineral oil No. 9, paraffin, and polyethylene, are allowed in unlimited quantities. Hydrogenous materials with a hydrogen density greater than 0.133 gram/cc are not allowed. Also, an isolation separation of no less than 76.2 cm (30-inch) is required between a mixed array and any other array. Waste containers in the action of being transported are exempted from this 76.2-cm (30-inch) separation requirement. All deviations from the CS controls and mass limits listed in Section 3.0 will require individual criticality safety analyses on a case-by-case basis for each of them to confirm their criticality safety prior to their deployment and implementation.

Chou, P

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

495

New concept for quantification of similarity relates entropy and energy of objects: First and Second Law entangled, equivalence of temperature and time proposed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When the difference between changes in energy and entropy at a given temperature is correlated with the ratio between the same changes in energy and entropy at zero average free energy of an ensemble of similar but distinct molecule-sized objects, a highly significant linear dependence results from which a relationship between energy and entropy is derived and the degree of similarity between the distinctly different members within the group of objects can be quantified. This fundamental energy-entropy relationship is likely to be of general interest in physics, most notably in particle physics and cosmology. We predict a consistent and testable way of classifying mini black holes, to be generated in future Large Hadron Collider experiments, by their gravitational energy and area entropy. For any isolated universe we propose absolute temperature and absolute time to be equivalent, much in the same way as energy and entropy are for an isolated ensemble of similar objects. According to this principle, the cosmo...

Zimak, Petr; Strazewski, Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

TECHNICAL BASIS FOR DOE STANDARD 3013 EQUIVALENCY SUPPORTING REDUCED TEMPERATURE STABILIZATION OF OXALATE-DERIVED PLUTONIUM OXIDE PRODUCED BY THE HB-LINE FACILITY AT SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The HB-Line (HBL) facility at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is designed to produce high-purity plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) which is suitable for future use in production of Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel. The MOX Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) requires PuO{sub 2} feed to be packaged per the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Standard 3013 (DOE-STD-3013) to comply with the facility's safety basis. The stabilization conditions imposed by DOE-STD-3013 for PuO{sub 2} (i.e., 950 C for 2 hours) preclude use of the HBL PuO{sub 2} in direct fuel fabrication and reduce the value of the HBL product as MFFF feedstock. Consequently, HBL initiated a technical evaluation to define acceptable operating conditions for production of high-purity PuO{sub 2} that fulfills the DOE-STD-3013 criteria for safe storage. The purpose of this document is to demonstrate that within the defined operating conditions, the HBL process will be equivalent for meeting the requirements of the DOE-STD-3013 stabilization process for plutonium-bearing materials from the DOE complex. The proposed 3013 equivalency reduces the prescribed stabilization temperature for high-purity PuO{sub 2} from oxalate precipitation processes from 950 C to 640 C and places a limit of 60% on the relative humidity (RH) at the lowest material temperature. The equivalency is limited to material produced using the HBL established flow sheet, for example, nitric acid anion exchange and Pu(IV) direct strike oxalate precipitation with stabilization at a minimum temperature of 640 C for four hours (h). The product purity must meet the MFFF acceptance criteria of 23,600 {micro}g/g Pu (i.e., 2.1 wt %) total impurities and chloride content less than 250 {micro}g/g of Pu. All other stabilization and packaging criteria identified by DOE-STD-3013-2012 or earlier revisions of the standard apply. Based on the evaluation of test data discussed in this document, the expert judgment of the authors supports packaging the HBL product under a 3013 equivalency. Under the defined process conditions and associated material specifications, the high-purity PuO{sub 2} produced in HBL presents no unique safety concerns for packaging or storage in the 3013 required configuration. The PuO{sub 2} produced using the HBL flow sheet conditions will have a higher specific surface area (SSA) than PuO{sub 2} stabilized at 950 C and, consequently, under identical conditions will adsorb more water from the atmosphere. The greatest challenge to HBL operators will be controlling moisture content below 0.5 wt %. However, even at the 0.5 wt % moisture limit, the maximum acceptable pressure of a stoichiometric mixture of hydrogen and oxygen in the 3013 container is greater than the maximum possible pressure for the HBL PuO{sub 2} product.

Duffey, J.; Livingston, R.; Berg, J.; Veirs, D.

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

497

View the Apps for Vehicles Phase One Submissions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

View the Apps for Vehicles Phase One Submissions View the Apps for Vehicles Phase One Submissions View the Apps for Vehicles Phase One Submissions January 24, 2013 - 11:13am Addthis 9 of the 37 entries for the Apps for Vehicles competition. 9 of the 37 entries for the Apps for Vehicles competition. Ian Kalin Director of the Energy Data Initiative How can I participate? Visit the competition website to view the submitted ideas. Starting on March 15, you'll be able to vote for your favorite completed apps. Apps for Vehicles The Open Data Initiative reached another milestone last week with the completion of the first phase of the Apps for Vehicles Challenge. This incentive-based competition seeks to improve safety and fuel efficiency through data innovation. Thirty-seven entries were submitted to the Challenge's judges, which are all publically viewable on the competition

498

V-195: RSA Authentication Manager Lets Local Users View the Administrative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

95: RSA Authentication Manager Lets Local Users View the 95: RSA Authentication Manager Lets Local Users View the Administrative Account Password V-195: RSA Authentication Manager Lets Local Users View the Administrative Account Password July 9, 2013 - 12:51am Addthis PROBLEM: RSA Authentication Manager Lets Local Users View the Administrative Account Password PLATFORM: RSA Authentication Manager 7.1, 8.0 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in RSA Authentication Manager. REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028742 CVE-2013-3273 RSA IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: When the RSA Authentication Manager Software Development Kit (SDK) is used to develop a custom application that connects with RSA Authentication Manager and the trace logging is set to verbose, the administrative account password used by the custom application is written in clear text to trace

499

U-008: Symantec Data Loss Prevention Bugs in KeyView Filter Lets Remote  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

08: Symantec Data Loss Prevention Bugs in KeyView Filter Lets 08: Symantec Data Loss Prevention Bugs in KeyView Filter Lets Remote Users Deny Service U-008: Symantec Data Loss Prevention Bugs in KeyView Filter Lets Remote Users Deny Service October 11, 2011 - 8:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Symantec Data Loss Prevention Bugs in KeyView Filter Lets Remote Users Deny Service PLATFORM: Symantec Data Loss Prevention Enforce/Detection Servers for Windows 10.x, 11.x ABSTRACT: A remote user can create a file that, when processed by the target filter, will cause partial denial of service conditions. reference LINKS: Symantec Security Advisory SYM11-013 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026157 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: Multiple vulnerabilities were reported in Symantec Data Loss Prevention. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions on the target system.A

500

ParaView Red Blood Cell Tutorial on Eureka/Gadzooks | Argonne Leadership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Red Blood Cell Tutorial on Eureka/Gadzooks Red Blood Cell Tutorial on Eureka/Gadzooks Goals This tutorial is intended to be a hands-on resource for users interested in learning the basic concepts of ParaView. The examples can easily be run on a laptop, using the example data set provided. Tour of ParaView Show range of visualization methods Walk through various visualization techniques, hopefully illustrate how these can apply to your own data. Feel for ParaView "way" Terminology and step-by-step process peculiar to ParaView, which may differ from other packages, e.g. VisIt. cutting planes: close-up RBCs: close-up RBC: Continuum Data The data used for this tutorial is: Blood flow simulation data Multiple data types Continuum data field (unstructured mesh, tetrahedral): fluid field, plasma