Sample records for tnt equivalence view

  1. Effects of TNT and its metabolites on anaerobic TNT degradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, D.J. [Univ. of Houston, TX (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Pendharkar, S. [Computron, Phoenix, AZ (United States); Ahmad, F. [Booz, Allen and Hamilton, San Antonio, TX (United States)

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of the presence of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene, and 2,4-diamino-6-nitrotoluene on the anaerobic treatment procedure developed for munitions-contaminated soil were examined. When 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene was spiked in increasing levels into cultures containing TNT, inhibition of the rate of TNT degradation was observed. The degradation of 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene did not proceed while TNT was present in the cultures. When 2,4-diamino-6-nitrotoluene was spiked into cultures that also contained TNT, TNT degradation rates were inhibited, and 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene and 2,4-diamino-6-nitrotoluene were not degraded at all. When 2,4-diamino-6-nitrotoluene was spiked into cultures containing 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene, degradation of 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene was not effected but 2,4-diamino-6-nitrotoluene was not degraded. These results suggest that the rapid removal of TNT from the treatment system, before the intermediates have a chance to accumulate, or the rapid removal of the intermediates of TNT degradation is of utmost importance during the remediation of TNT-contaminated soils. If these intermediates are allowed to accumulate above inhibitory levels, the degradation of TNT will be slowed and the removal of the intermediates will halt completely.

  2. A Common View on Strong, Uniform, and Other Notions of Equivalence in Answer-Set Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woltran, Stefan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Logic programming under the answer-set semantics nowadays deals with numerous different notions of program equivalence. This is due to the fact that equivalence for substitution (known as strong equivalence) and ordinary equivalence are different concepts. The former holds, given programs P and Q, iff P can be faithfully replaced by Q within any context R, while the latter holds iff P and Q provide the same output, that is, they have the same answer sets. Notions in between strong and ordinary equivalence have been introduced as theoretical tools to compare incomplete programs and are defined by either restricting the syntactic structure of the considered context programs R or by bounding the set A of atoms allowed to occur in R (relativized equivalence).For the latter approach, different A yield properly different equivalence notions, in general. For the former approach, however, it turned out that any ``reasonable'' syntactic restriction to R coincides with either ordinary, strong, or uniform equivalence. I...

  3. Bioaugmentation of TNT-contaminated soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bokelmann, Annamarie

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Chair of Committee Ro A tenrieth (Member) Timothy Phillips (Member) teven Safe (C ' acuity of Toxicology) Evelyn Tif y C tiglioni (Interim Head of Department) May 1999 Major Subject: Toxicology ABSTRACT Bioaugmentation of TNT... studies conducted on various animal species. Rhesus monkeys showed only scattered changes of no toxicological significance when divided into 3 dosage groups and tested for hematology, blood chemistry, urinalysis, liver function and the level of TNT...

  4. Evaluation of the metabolic fate of munitions material (TNT & RDX) in plant systems and initial assessment of material interaction with plant genetic material. Validation of the metabolic fate of munitions materials (TNT, RDX) in mature crops

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fellows, R.J.; Harvey, S.D.; Cataldo, D.A.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goals of this effort were to confirm and expand data related to the behavior and impacts of munitions residues upon human food chain components. Plant species employed included corn (Zea mays), alfalfa (Medicago sativa). spinach (Spinacea oleraceae), and carrot (Daucus carota). Plants were grown from seed to maturity (70 to 120 days) in a low-fertility soil (Burbank) amended with either {sup 14}C-TNT or {sup 14}C-RDX at which time they were harvested and analyzed for munitions uptake, partitioning, and chemical form of the munition or munition-metabolite. All four of the plant species used in this study accumulated the {sup 14}C-TNT- and RDX-derived label. The carrot, alfalfa, and corn demonstrated a higher percentage of label retained in the roots (62, 73, and 83% respectively). The spinach contained less activity in its root (36%) but also contained the highest TNT specific activity observed (>4600 jig TNT equivalents/g dry wt.). The specific uptake values of RDX for the spinach and alfalfa were comparable to those previously reported for wheat and bean (314 to 590 {mu}g RDX-equivalents/g dry wt. respectively). An exception to this may be the carrot where the specific activity was found to exceed 4200 {mu}g RDX-equivalents/g dry wt. in the shoot. The total accumulation of TNT by the plants ranged from 1.24% for the spinach to 2.34% for the carrot. The RDX plants ranging from 15% for the spinach to 37% for the carrot. There was no identifiable TNT or amino dinitrotoluene (ADNT) isomers present in the plants however, the parent RDX compound was found at significant levels in the shoot of alfalfa (> 1 80 {mu}g/g) and corn (>18 {mu}g/g).

  5. Contribution (Poster) TNT2008 September 01-05, 2008 Oviedo-Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Contribution (Poster) TNT2008 September 01-05, 2008 Oviedo-Spain LIGHT EMITTING DIODES ON SILICON) or quantum well (QW) light-emitting diodes by molecular beam epitaxy to obtain direct band gaps on GaP grown

  6. Equivalence and Order Section 1: Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    Unit EO Equivalence and Order Section 1: Equivalence The concept of an equivalence relation to us, as "equivalence relation" turns out to be just another name for "partition of a set." Our start with the definition. Definition 1 (Equivalence relation) An equivalence relation on a set

  7. The environmental behavior and chemical fate of energetic compounds (TNT, RDX, tetryl) in soil and plant systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cataldo, D.A.; Harvey, S.D.; Fellows, R.J.

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Munitions materials can accumulate or cycle in terrestrial environs at production and manufacturing facilities and thus pose potential heath and environmental concerns. To address questions related to food chain accumulation, the environmental behavior of energetic compounds (2,4,6-trinitrotoluene,TNT; hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine, RDX; 2,4,6-trinitrophenylmethylnitramine, tetryl) was evaluated. Emphasis was placed on determining the potential for soil/plant transfer of munitions residues, translocation and distribution within the plant, the extent to which compounds were metabolized following accumulation, and the chemical nature and form of accumulated residues. Both TNT and tetryl undergo extensive chemical transformation in soil, forming aminodinitrotoluene isomers and N-methyl-2,4,6-trinitroaniline residues, respectively, along with a series of unknowns. After 60 days, only 30% of the amended TNT and 8% of the amended tetryl remained unchanged in the soil. In contrast, 78% of the soil-amended RDX remained unchanged after 60 days. After 60 days, plants grown in soils containing 10 ppm residues contained from 5 {mu}g TNT/g to 600 {mu}g RDX/G fresh wt. tissue. TNT and tetryl residues were primarily accumulated in roots (75%), while RDX was concentrated in leaves and seed. The principal transport form for TNT (root to shoot) was an acid labile conjugate of aminodinitrotoluene; RDX was transported unchanged. On accumulation in roots and leaves, highly polar and non-extractable TNT metabolites dominated, with the aminodinitrotoluene isomers accounting for less than 20% of the residues present. Only a few percent were present as the parent TNT. RDX was partitioned similarly to TNT, with 8 to 30% of the RDX appearing as polar metabolites, 20--50% as parent RDX, and the balance as non-extractable residues. Tetryl was metabolized to N-methyl-2,4,6-trinitroaniline and a variety of polar metabolites.

  8. An evaluation of the environmental fate and behavior of munitions materiel (TNT, RDX) in soil and plant systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cataldo, D.A.; Harvey, S.D.; Fellows, R.J.; Bean, R.M.; McVeety, B.D.

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of these investigations was to elucidate the environmental behavior and fate of trinitrotoluene (TNT). Emphasis was placed on those chemical transformations occurring in soils and in plant tissues following uptake and on the probable impact of these chemical transformations on the food chain. Analytical methodology was developed to fractionate and characterize both TNT and TNT-derived residues in soil and plant matrices. The procedures developed in this program extend prior art, through the use of matrix-specific extraction and fractionation schemes followed by classical HPLC separations. Methods showed good recovery and reproducibility. 30 refs., 35 figs., 27 tabs.

  9. Analytic equivalence of geometric transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michele Rossi

    2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper \\emph{analytic equivalence} of geometric transition is defined in such a way that equivalence classes of geometric transitions turn out to be the \\emph{arrows} of the \\cy web. Then it seems natural and useful, both from the mathematical and physical point of view, look for privileged arrows' representatives, called \\emph{canonical models}, laying the foundations of an \\emph{analytic} classification of geometric transitions. At this purpose a numerical invariant, called \\emph{bi--degree}, summarizing the topological, geometric and physical changing properties of a geometric transition, is defined for a large class of geometric transitions.

  10. Testing Model Nesting and Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter M. Bentler; Albert Satorra

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sense of observational equivalence, implying that theirModel Nesting and Equivalence* Peter M. Bentler UniversityModel Nesting and Equivalence Using existing technology, it

  11. Testing Model Nesting and Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentler, Peter M.; Satorra, Albert

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sense of observational equivalence, implying that theirModel Nesting and Equivalence* Peter M. Bentler UniversityModel Nesting and Equivalence Using existing technology, it

  12. Causal equivalence of frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Troy Lee, IV

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Major Subject: Mathematics August 2005 DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Texas A&M University Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of TROY LEE HENDERSON, IV by A Dissertation CAUSAL EQUIVALENCE... to the Office of Graduate Studies of TROY LEE HENDERSON, IV by A Dissertation CAUSAL EQUIVALENCE OF FRAMES iii ABSTRACT Causal Equivalence of Frames. (August 2005) Troy Lee Henderson, IV, B.S., The University of Alabama; M.A., The University of Alabama Chair...

  13. Nonequivalence of equivalence principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eolo Di Casola; Stefano Liberati; Sebastiano Sonego

    2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalence principles played a central role in the development of general relativity. Furthermore, they have provided operative procedures for testing the validity of general relativity, or constraining competing theories of gravitation. This has led to a flourishing of different, and inequivalent, formulations of these principles, with the undesired consequence that often the same name, "equivalence principle", is associated with statements having a quite different physical meaning. In this paper we provide a precise formulation of the several incarnations of the equivalence principle, clarifying their uses and reciprocal relations. We also discuss their possible role as selecting principles in the design and classification of viable theories of gravitation.

  14. Beyond Network Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koetter, Ralf

    In earlier work, we described an equivalence result for network capacity. Roughly, that result is as follows. Given a network of noisy, memoryless, point-to-point channels, replace each channel by a noiseless, memoryless ...

  15. Neutron dose equivalent meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsher, Richard H. (Los Alamos, NM); Hsu, Hsiao-Hua (Los Alamos, NM); Casson, William H. (Los Alamos, NM); Vasilik, Dennis G. (Los Alamos, NM); Kleck, Jeffrey H. (Menlo Park, CA); Beverding, Anthony (Foster City, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A neutron dose equivalent detector for measuring neutron dose capable of accurately responding to neutron energies according to published fluence to dose curves. The neutron dose equivalent meter has an inner sphere of polyethylene, with a middle shell overlying the inner sphere, the middle shell comprising RTV.RTM. silicone (organosiloxane) loaded with boron. An outer shell overlies the middle shell and comprises polyethylene loaded with tungsten. The neutron dose equivalent meter defines a channel through the outer shell, the middle shell, and the inner sphere for accepting a neutron counter tube. The outer shell is loaded with tungsten to provide neutron generation, increasing the neutron dose equivalent meter's response sensitivity above 8 MeV.

  16. Equivalence of Real Elliptic CurvesEquivalence of Real Elliptic Curves Part 2Part 2 --Birational EquivalenceBirational Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broughton, S. Allen

    1 Equivalence of Real Elliptic CurvesEquivalence of Real Elliptic Curves Part 2Part 2 -- Birational EquivalenceBirational Equivalence Allen Broughton Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology #12;2 CreditsCredits Discussion with Ken McMurdy #12;3 OutlineOutline -- 11 Recap of linear equivalence Complex elliptic curves

  17. Equivalence and Strong Equivalence between Sparsest and Least ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalence and Strong Equivalence between. Sparsest and Least l1-Norm Nonnegative Solutions of. Linear Systems and Their Application. YUN-BIN ZHAO ?.

  18. Confounding Equivalence in Causal Inference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearl, Judea; Paz, Azaria

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    July 2010 Confounding Equivalence in Causal Inference Judeawise process of testing c-equivalence, T ? T 1 ? T 2 ? . . .wish to assess, using c-equivalence tests, whether a given

  19. Design and calibration of pulsed vapor generators for TNT, RDX and PETN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davies, J.P.; Blackwood, L.G.; Davis, S.G.; Goodrich, L.D.; Larson, R.A.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer controlled explosive vapor generators for 2,4,6trinitrotoluene (TNT), cyclo-1,3,5-trimethylene-2,4,6-trinitramine (RDX) and pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) were built and calibrated to support an Independent Validation and Verification (IV V) facility for Explosive Detection Systems (EDS) for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The generators were constructed using pure explosive suspended on quartz beads which were then loaded into a stainless steel tube. The tube was coiled and placed into a temperature controlled chamber. A carrier gas (ultra-pure air) was passed through the coil to carry the explosive molecules. The generators are capable of delivering a pulse of varying explosive mass through the control of coil temperature, air flow rate, and pulse width. Preliminary calibrations have been completed in the picogram to nanogram range using an Ion Mobility Spectrometer (IMS) as the calibrating instrument. The explosive vapor generators will be used as quantitative vapor standards to establish the lower limit of detection for EDS systems at the IV V.

  20. Design and calibration of pulsed vapor generators for TNT, RDX and PETN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davies, J.P.; Blackwood, L.G.; Davis, S.G.; Goodrich, L.D.; Larson, R.A.

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer controlled explosive vapor generators for 2,4,6trinitrotoluene (TNT), cyclo-1,3,5-trimethylene-2,4,6-trinitramine (RDX) and pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) were built and calibrated to support an Independent Validation and Verification (IV&V) facility for Explosive Detection Systems (EDS) for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The generators were constructed using pure explosive suspended on quartz beads which were then loaded into a stainless steel tube. The tube was coiled and placed into a temperature controlled chamber. A carrier gas (ultra-pure air) was passed through the coil to carry the explosive molecules. The generators are capable of delivering a pulse of varying explosive mass through the control of coil temperature, air flow rate, and pulse width. Preliminary calibrations have been completed in the picogram to nanogram range using an Ion Mobility Spectrometer (IMS) as the calibrating instrument. The explosive vapor generators will be used as quantitative vapor standards to establish the lower limit of detection for EDS systems at the IV&V.

  1. On the equivalence of nonadiabatic fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Barreto

    2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we show how an anisotropic fluid in the diffusion limit can be equivalent to an isotropic fluid in the streaming out limit, in spherical symmetry. For a particular equation of state this equivalence is total, from one fluid we can obtain the other and vice versa. A numerical master model is presented, based on a generic equation of state, in which only quantitative differences are displayed between both nonadiabatic fluids. From a deeper view, other difference between fluids is shown as an asymmetry that can be overcome if we consider the appropriate initial-boundary conditions. Equivalence in this context can be considered as a first order method of approximation to study dissipative fluids.

  2. Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity Aur´elien Alvarez and Damien Gaboriau February 18, 2009 Abstract We study the analogue in orbit equivalence of free product decomposition and free indecomposability for countable groups. We introduce the (orbit equivalence invariant

  3. Equivalence relations which reduce all Borel equivalence relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemens, John D.

    Equivalence relations which reduce all Borel equivalence relations John D. Clemens June 25, 2007 Abstract We study equivalence relations E such that every Borel equiva- lence relation is Borel reducible of equality of Borel sets, and show that this is not a minimal such re- lation among co-analytic equivalence

  4. Equivalence Principle and Clocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Damour

    1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    String theory suggests the existence of gravitational-strength scalar fields ("dilaton" and "moduli") whose couplings to matter violate the equivalence principle. This provides a new motivation for high-precision clock experiments, as well as a generic theoretical framework for analyzing their significance.

  5. Plutonium 239 Equivalency Calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen, J

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides the basis for converting actual weapons grade plutonium mass to a plutonium equivalency (PuE) mass of Plutonium 239. The conversion can be accomplished by performing calculations utilizing either: (1) Isotopic conversions factors (CF{sub isotope}), or (2) 30-year-old weapons grade conversion factor (CF{sub 30 yr}) Both of these methods are provided in this document. Material mass and isotopic data are needed to calculate PuE using the isotopic conversion factors, which will provide the actual PuE value at the time of calculation. PuE is the summation of the isotopic masses times their associated isotopic conversion factors for plutonium 239. Isotopic conversion factors are calculated by a normalized equation, relative to Plutonium 239, of specific activity (SA) and cumulated dose inhalation affects based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). The isotopic conversion factors for converting weapons grade plutonium to PuE are provided in Table-1. The unit for specific activity (SA) is curies per gram (Ci/g) and the isotopic SA values come from reference [1]. The cumulated dose inhalation effect values in units of rem/Ci are based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). A person irradiated by gamma radiation outside the body will receive a dose only during the period of irradiation. However, following an intake by inhalation, some radionuclides persist in the body and irradiate the various tissues for many years. There are three groups CEDE data representing lengths of time of 0.5 (D), 50 (W) and 500 (Y) days, which are in reference [2]. The CEDE values in the (W) group demonstrates the highest dose equivalent value; therefore they are used for the calculation.

  6. GENERATING EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS BY HOMEOMORPHISMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemens, John D.

    GENERATING EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS BY HOMEOMORPHISMS JOHN D. CLEMENS Abstract. We give a construction of a single homeomorphism of 2N which generates the equivalence relation E0. We then consider ways of generating this equivalence relation using homeomorphisms with nicer structural properties, and show

  7. Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, Max

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality M. H.have a method for determining equivalence in terms of eitherwe need to establish an equivalence principle that allows

  8. Recursion theory and countable Borel equivalence relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and countable Borel equivalence ii 2 Overture 2.1 A simplecountable Borel equivalence relations 3.1 Consequences ofof arithmetic equivalence . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Ergodicity

  9. Expression equivalence checking using interval analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghodrat, Mohammad Ali; Givargis, Tony; Nicolau, Alex

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Z. Zhou and W. Burleson, “Equivalence checking of datapathsusing combinational equivalence for extensible processor,”et al. : EXPRESSION EQUIVALENCE CHECKING USING INTERVAL

  10. Equivalence Principle and Gravitational Redshift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hohensee, Michael A.; Chu, Steven; Mueller, Holger [Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Peters, Achim [Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate leading order deviations from general relativity that violate the Einstein equivalence principle in the gravitational standard model extension. We show that redshift experiments based on matter waves and clock comparisons are equivalent to one another. Consideration of torsion balance tests, along with matter-wave, microwave, optical, and Moessbauer clock tests, yields comprehensive limits on spin-independent Einstein equivalence principle-violating standard model extension terms at the 10{sup -6} level.

  11. SAPONIFICATION EQUIVALENT OF DASAMULA TAILA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. B. Saxena

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT: Saponification equivalent values of Dasamula taila are very useful for the technical and analytical work. It gives the mean molecular weight of the glycerides and acids present in Dasamula Taila. Saponification equivalent values of Dasamula taila are reported in different packings.

  12. Mathematical Equivalence vs. Physical Equivalence between Extended Theories of Gravitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Fatibene; M. Francaviglia

    2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We shall show that although Palatini f(R)-theories are equivalent to Brans-Dicke theories, still the first pass the Mercury precession of perihelia test, while the second do not. We argue that the two models are not physically equivalent due to a different assumptions about free fall. We shall also go through perihelia test without fixing a conformal gauge (clocks or rulers) in order to highlight what can be measured in a conformal invariant way and what cannot. We shall argue that the conformal gauge is broken by choosing a definition of clock, rulers or, equivalently, of masses.

  13. Analytic equivalence relations and bi-embeddability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ros, Luca Motto

    Analytic equivalence relations and bi-embeddability Luca Motto Ros Kurt G¨odel Research Center Analytic equivalence relations and bi-embeddability #12;Analytic equivalence relations A subset of a Polish Analytic equivalence relations and bi-embeddability #12;Analytic equivalence relations A subset of a Polish

  14. Evolvable View Environment (EVE) : Non-Equivalent View Maintenance under Schema Changes *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madiraju, Praveen

    .A. Rundensteiner, A. Koeller, X. Zhang A. VanWyk, Y. Li Department of Computer Science Worcester Polytechnic would like to thank our industrial sponsors, in particular, IBM for the IBM partnership award University of Science and Technology University of Michigan Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong Ann Arbor, MI 48109

  15. Morita Equivalence in Deformation Quantization Henrique Bursztyn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bursztyn, Henrique

    Morita Equivalence in Deformation Quantization by Henrique Bursztyn Engineer (Universidade Federal at Berkeley Spring 2001 #12;Morita Equivalence in Deformation Quantization Copyright 2001 by Henrique Bursztyn #12;1 Abstract Morita Equivalence in Deformation Quantization by Henrique Bursztyn Doctor

  16. The equivalence of inverse Compton scattering and the undulator concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ng, K.Y,; /Fermilab

    2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inverse Compton scattering is a method to produce very high frequency photon beam. However, the production mechanism can also be viewed as a undulator emission. This is because the electron sees electric and magnetic fields of the incident laser beam and is driven into transverse oscillatory motion in exactly the same way when the electron passes through a undulator consisting of alternating magnetic field. This note gives a detailed examination of the similarity about the two views. Equivalent undulator parameters are derived for the incident laser beam, as well as the differential cross section of photon emission.

  17. Section 3.3 Equivalence Relations1 Section 3.3 Equivalence RelationSection 3.3 Equivalence RelationSection 3.3 Equivalence RelationSection 3.3 Equivalence Relationssss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farlow, Jerry

    Section 3.3 Equivalence Relations1 Section 3.3 Equivalence RelationSection 3.3 Equivalence RelationSection 3.3 Equivalence RelationSection 3.3 Equivalence Relationssss Purpose of SectionPurpose of SectionPurpose of SectionPurpose of Section To introduce the concept of an equivalence relationequivalence

  18. Equivalence of Learning Algorithms Julien Audiffren1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Equivalence of Learning Algorithms Julien Audiffren1 and Hachem Kadri2 1 CMLA, ENS Cachan is to introduce a concept of equivalence between machine learn- ing algorithms. We define two notions of algorithmic equivalence, namely, weak and strong equivalence. These notions are of paramount importance

  19. An evaluation of the environmental fate and behavior of munitions material (TNT, RDX) in soil and plant systems: Environmental fate and behavior of RDX

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cataldo, D.A.; Harvey, S.D.; Fellows, R.J.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the present investigation was to elucidate the environmental behavior and fate of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5- triazine (RDX), particularly as related to its transport and chemical form in the food chain. To meet this goal, we needed to adapt and develop suitable analytical methodology to fractionate and characterize both RDX and RDX-derived residues in soil and plant matrices. Using the methodology that we developed, we assessed the chemical and physical fate of RDX in soils and plants. In general, the plant availability and plant mobility of RDX is substantially greater than that previously reported for TNT. 30 refs., 27 figs., 26 tabs.

  20. EQUIVARIANT FLOW EQUIVALENCE FOR SHIFTS OF FINITE TYPE, BY MATRIX EQUIVALENCE OVER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyle, Mike

    EQUIVARIANT FLOW EQUIVALENCE FOR SHIFTS OF FINITE TYPE, BY MATRIX EQUIVALENCE OVER GROUP RINGS MIKE equivalence of nontrivial irreducible shifts of finite type in terms of (i) elementary equivalence of matrices. In the case G = Z/2, we have the classification for twistwise flow equivalence. We include some algebraic

  1. EQUIVARIANT FLOW EQUIVALENCE FOR SHIFTS OF FINITE TYPE, BY MATRIX EQUIVALENCE OVER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Michael

    EQUIVARIANT FLOW EQUIVALENCE FOR SHIFTS OF FINITE TYPE, BY MATRIX EQUIVALENCE OVER GROUP RINGS MIKE equivalence of nontrivial irreducible shifts of #12;nite type in terms of (i) elementary equivalence vertex. In the case G = Z=2, we have the classi#12;cation for twistwise ow equivalence. We include some

  2. Closing the neutrinoless double beta decay window into violations of the equivalence principle and/or Lorentz invariance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Halprin; R. R. Volkas

    1999-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We have examined Lorentz invariance and equivalence principle violations in the neutrino sector as manifested in neutrinoless double beta decay. We conclude that this rare decay cannot provide a useful view of these exotic processes.

  3. Optimization Online - Equivalence of Convex Problem Geometry ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Freund

    2009-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 7, 2009 ... Equivalence of Convex Problem Geometry and Computational Complexity in the Separation Oracle Model. Robert Freund (rfreund ***at*** ...

  4. Snow water equivalent estimation using blackbox optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alarie et al.

    2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 23, 2011 ... Abstract: Accurate measurements of snow water equivalent (SWE) is an ... managing water resources for hydroelectric power generation.

  5. EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS ON ALGEBRAIC CYCLES UWE JANNSEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS ON ALGEBRAIC CYCLES UWE JANNSEN Mathematisches Institut Universit¨at zu K, and it is common to study the groups of algebraic cycles via so­called adequate equivalence relations. For example, the basic Chow groups are defined by considering cycles modulo rational equivalence. Rational, algebraic

  6. Characterizing Contextual Equivalence in Calculi with Passivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Characterizing Contextual Equivalence in Calculi with Passivation Sergue¨i Lengleta , Alan Schmittb We study the problem of characterizing contextual equivalence in higher-order languages of contextual equivalence in the HOP calculus, an extension of the higher-order -calculus with passivation

  7. ACQUIRED EQUIVALENCE CHANGES STIMULUS REPRESENTATIONS , D. SHOHAMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shohamy, Daphna

    ACQUIRED EQUIVALENCE CHANGES STIMULUS REPRESENTATIONS M. MEETER 1 , D. SHOHAMY 2 , AND C.E. MYERS 3 UNIVERSITY 3 DEPT. OF PSYCHOLOGY, RUTGERS UNIVERSITY Acquired equivalence is a paradigm in which of feature salience. A different way of conceptualizing acquired equivalence is in terms of strategic

  8. Operational Equivalence of Graph Transformation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarna-Starosta, Beata

    Operational Equivalence of Graph Transformation Systems Frank Raiser and Thom Fr¨uhwirth Faculty. With the growing number of GTS- based applications the comparison of operational equivalence of two GTS becomes an important area of research. This work introduces a notion of operational equivalence for graph

  9. Categorical Equivalence of Varieties and Invariant Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jipsen, Peter

    Categorical Equivalence of Varieties and Invariant Relations K. Denecke and O. Lders August 21. In applications the weaker concept of an equivalence between categories is used more often than the concept is equivalent with the category of all vector spaces which are dual to the vector spaces from C. For two

  10. 8 Equivalence Relations 8.1 Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gera, Ralucca

    8 Equivalence Relations 8.1 Relations 1. for sets A and B we define a relation from A to B have that if (a, b) R and (b, c) R then (a, c) R 8.3 Equivalence Relations 1. a relation is an equivalence relation if it is reflexive, symmetric and transitive 2. if a relation R on a set

  11. Equivalence of Julesz Ensembles and Frame Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ying Nian Wu; Song Chun Zhu; Xiu Wen Liu

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    o f , A . 1979. " T h e equivalence of ensembles a n d G i bEquivalence of Julesz Ensembles and F R A M E Models Y i n gr i n c i p l e of equivalence of ensembles i n statistical

  12. Orbit equivalence for Cantor minimal Zd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Putnam, Ian F.

    Orbit equivalence for Cantor minimal Zd -systems Thierry Giordano Department of Mathematics on the Cantor set is (topologically) orbit equivalent to an AF relation. As a consequence, this extends the classification up to orbit equivalence of minimal dynamical systems on the Cantor set to include AF relations

  13. The Non-Equivalence of Empirically Equivalent Theories: The Case of Hidden Variables in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chopra, Samir

    The Non-Equivalence of Empirically Equivalent Theories: The Case of Hidden Variables in Quantum 43rd Street New York, NY 10036 schopra@broadway.gc.cuny.edu September 28, 2000 1 #12; The Non-Equivalence of Empirically Equivalent Theories: The Case of Hidden Variables in Quantum Mechanics 1 Introduction The problem

  14. Limits of Equivalence: Thinking Gay Male Subjectivity Outside Feminist Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galloway, Samuel R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Limits of Equivalence: Thinking Gay Male Subjectivityor this limit of equivalence? The problem, of course, ispaper, the limits of equivalence emerge: while all subjects

  15. About Orientifold Planar Equivalence on the Lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agostino Patella

    2006-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The orientifold planar equivalence is the equivalence in the large-N limit of the bosonic sectors of the super Yang-Mills and the QCD with a quark in the antisymmetric representation. I give a sketch of the proof of the orientifold planar equivalence in the strong-coupling and large-mass phase on the lattice. It is still matter of discussion, if its validity extends also in the continuum limit.

  16. Optimization Online - Equivalence of an Approximate Linear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alejandro Toriello

    2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 7, 2013 ... Equivalence of an Approximate Linear Programming Bound with the Held-Karp Bound for the Traveling Salesman Problem. Alejandro Toriello ...

  17. Optimization Online - On Equivalence of Semidefinite Relaxations ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yichuan Ding

    2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 28, 2010 ... On Equivalence of Semidefinite Relaxations for Quadratic Matrix Programming. Yichuan Ding(y7ding ***at*** stanford.edu) Dongdong ...

  18. Energy Conservation Project Evaluation by Investment Equivalents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, R. J.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    proposals, justify energy conservation projects, and choose between energy sensitive alternatives. Investment Equivalents are calculated and are used to evaluate energy savings proposals in sample problems....

  19. Snow water equivalent estimation using blackbox optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stéphane Alarie

    2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 7, 2011 ... Abstract: Accurate measurements of snow water equivalent (SWE) is an important factor in managing water resources for hydroelectric power ...

  20. Equivalence of Convex Problem Geometry and Computational ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalence of Convex Problem Geometry and Computational Complexity in the Separation Oracle Model?. Robert M. Freund†and Jorge Vera‡. January 2009.

  1. Guessing Attacks and the Computational Soundness of Static Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warinschi, Bogdan

    Guessing Attacks and the Computational Soundness of Static Equivalence Martin Abadi1 , Mathieu static equivalence. Static equivalence depends on an underlying equa- tional theory. The choice, fundamental cryp- tographic operations. This equational theory yields a notion of static equivalence

  2. Borel equivalence relations which are highly unfree Greg Hjorth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hjorth, Greg

    * Borel equivalence relations Abstract There is an ergodic, measure preserving, countable Borel equivalence rel* *ation E equivalence relati* *ons may be reduced to Borel equivalence relations arising from a free group action

  3. Prarie View RDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    PRAIRIE VIEW RDF 2 Prairie View RDF Located at JAAP (approx. 40 miles southwest of Chicago), 223 acres on 455 Acre Parcel Will County Owner; Waste Management, Operator ...

  4. The Equivalence of Linear Programs and Zero-Sum Games

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1951, Dantzig showed the equivalence of linear programming problems and ... This note concerns the equivalence between linear programming (LP) ...

  5. Remarks on statistical errors in equivalent widths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klaus Vollmann; Thomas Eversberg

    2006-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalent width measurements for rapid line variability in atomic spectral lines are degraded by increasing error bars with shorter exposure times. We derive an expression for the error of the line equivalent width $\\sigma(W_\\lambda)$ with respect to pure photon noise statistics and provide a correction value for previous calculations.

  6. THEOREM 1.1.1 The distinct equivalence classes of an equivalence ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preliminary Notions Ch.1. THEOREM 1.1.1 The distinct equivalence classes of an equivalence relation on A provide us with a decomposition of A as a union of ...

  7. Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherman, Max; Walker, Iain; Logue, Jennifer

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We ventilate buildings to provide acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). Ventilation standards (such as American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Enginners [ASHRAE] Standard 62) specify minimum ventilation rates without taking into account the impact of those rates on IAQ. Innovative ventilation management is often a desirable element of reducing energy consumption or improving IAQ or comfort. Variable ventilation is one innovative strategy. To use variable ventilation in a way that meets standards, it is necessary to have a method for determining equivalence in terms of either ventilation or indoor air quality. This study develops methods to calculate either equivalent ventilation or equivalent IAQ. We demonstrate that equivalent ventilation can be used as the basis for dynamic ventilation control, reducing peak load and infiltration of outdoor contaminants. We also show that equivalent IAQ could allow some contaminants to exceed current standards if other contaminants are more stringently controlled.

  8. Equivalence Relations in Set Theory, Computation Theory and Complexity Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Equivalence Relations in Set Theory, Computation Theory and Complexity Theory Denable Equivalence-preserving transformations Unitary equivalence of unitary operators Conformal equivalence of Riemann surfaces These are analytic (1 1 with parameters) equivalence relations on Polish spaces (think of the reals) #12;Equivalence

  9. Bisimulations Meet PCTL Equivalences for Probabilistic Automata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Lei; Godskesen, Jens Chr

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Probabilistic automata (PA) have been successfully applied in the formal verification of concurrent and stochastic systems. Efficient model checking algorithms have been studied, where the most often used logics for expressing properties are based on PCTL and its extension PCTL*. Various behavioral equivalences are proposed for PAs, as a powerful tool for abstraction and compositional minimization for PAs. Unfortunately, the behavioral equivalences are well-known to be strictly stronger than the logical equivalences induced by PCTL or PCTL*. This paper introduces novel notions of strong bisimulation relations, which characterizes PCTL and PCTL* exactly. We also extend weak bisimulations characterizing PCTL and PCTL* without next operator, respectively. Thus, our paper bridges the gap between logical and behavioral equivalences in this setting.

  10. Equivalence semantics for concurrency: comparison and application 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galpin, Vashti C

    are described by structured operational semantics, and expressed as labelled transition systems. I first consider a hierarchy of bisimulations for extensions to CCS, using both existing and new results to describe the relationships between their equivalences...

  11. Testing Equivalence Probabilistically Adnan Darwiche and Jinbo Huang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jinbo

    Testing Equivalence Probabilistically Adnan Darwiche and Jinbo Huang Computer Science Department the equivalence of two Ordered Binary Decision Diagrams (OBDDs) can be decided in polynomial time, the equivalence the interest in testing their equivalence. We show that the probabilistic equivalence test for FBDDs holds

  12. Equivalence Structures and Isomorphisms in the Difference Hierarchy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cenzer, Douglas

    Equivalence Structures and Isomorphisms in the Difference Hierarchy D. Cenzer, G. LaForte and J- ence hierarchy, and of equivalence structures in particular. A equivalence structure A = (A, E) has universe A = and an equivalence relation E. The equivalence class [a] of a A is {b A : a

  13. S-EQUIVALENCE OF KNOTS Abstract. S-equivalence of classical knots is investigated, as well as its rela-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kearton, Cherry

    S-EQUIVALENCE OF KNOTS C. KEARTON Abstract. S-equivalence of classical knots is investigated. Finally, we show that every knot is S-equivalent to a prime knot. 1. Introduction An oriented knot k matrices of the same knot are S-equivalent: the definition of S-equivalence is given in, for example, [14

  14. On the Equivalence of Constrained and Compound Optimal Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Dennis Cook; Weng-Kee Wong

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    O n the Equivalence o f C o n s t r a i n e d and C o m p owww.jstor.org On the Equivalence of Constrained and Compoundstandard methodology. Equivalence theorems for specific

  15. SOME APPLICATIONS OF SUPERRIGIDITY TO BOREL EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Simon

    SOME APPLICATIONS OF SUPERRIGIDITY TO BOREL EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS SIMON THOMAS Abstract.There exists a countable Borel equivalence relation E countable Borel equivalence re* *la- tions. (For example, see [2], [11], [12].) In particular, Adams [1

  16. On Equivalence of Semidefinite Relaxations for Quadratic Matrix ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 28, 2010 ... 2.2 Equivalence of Vector and Matrix Lifting for QMP1 .... A Schur complement argument now implies the equivalence of this relaxation to the ...

  17. An Introduction to Decidability of DPDA Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stirling, Colin

    University of Edinburgh email: cps@dcs.ed.ac.uk 1 Introduction The DPDA equivalence problem was posed in 1966 produced a different proof of decidability that is essentially a simplification of S´enizergues's proof [14, the tableau proof system uses conditional proof rules that involve distances between premises. Essentially

  18. An Introduction to Decidability of DPDA Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stirling, Colin

    University of Edinburgh email: cps@dcs.ed.ac.uk 1 Introduction The DPDA equivalence problem was posed in 1966 produced a di#erent proof of decidability that is essentially a simplification of Sâ??enizergues's proof [14, the tableau proof system uses conditional proof rules that involve distances between premises. Essentially

  19. An Equivalence Between Sparse Approximation and Support Vector Machines 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    An Equivalence Between Sparse Approximation and Support Vector Machines 1 Federico Girosi Center is equivalent to SVM in the following sense: if applied to the same data set the two techniques give the same; Chen, Donoho and Saunders, 1995), are actually equivalent, in the case of noiseless data. By equivalent

  20. Guessing Attacks and the Computational Soundness of Static Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abadi, Martín

    Guessing Attacks and the Computational Soundness of Static Equivalence Mart´in Abadi1 , Mathieu static equivalence. Static equivalence depends on an underlying equa- tional theory. The choice, fundamental cryp- tographic operations. This equational theory yields a notion of static equivalence

  1. A Stronger Notion of Equivalence for Logic Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    A Stronger Notion of Equivalence for Logic Programs Ka-Shu Wong University of New South Wales Sydney 2052, Australia #12;Abstract Several different notions of equivalence have been proposed for logic programs with answer set semantics, most notably strong equivalence. However, strong equivalence

  2. EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS FOR TWO VARIABLE REAL ANALYTIC FUNCTION GERMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS FOR TWO VARIABLE REAL ANALYTIC FUNCTION GERMS SATOSHI KOIKE & ADAM PARUSI´NSKI Abstract. For two variable real analytic function germs we compare the blow- analytic equivalence in the sense of Kuo to the other natural equivalence relations. Our main theorem states that C1 equivalent

  3. THIN EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS AND INNER MODELS PHILIPP SCHLICHT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlicht, Philipp

    THIN EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS AND INNER MODELS PHILIPP SCHLICHT Abstract. We describe the inner models with representatives in all equiv- alence classes of thin equivalence relations in a given projective pointclass does not add equivalence classes to thin projective equivalence relations. For example, we show

  4. CCZ and EA Equivalence between Mappings over Finite Abelian Groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CCZ and EA Equivalence between Mappings over Finite Abelian Groups Alexander Pott1 and Yue Zhou1, 410073 Changsha, P.R.China alexander.pott@ovgu.de,yue.zhou@st.ovgu.de Abstract. CCZ- and EA-equivalence abelian groups G and H. We obtain an extension theorem for CCZ- equivalent but not EA-equivalent mappings

  5. COUNTABLE ABELIAN GROUP ACTIONS AND HYPERFINITE EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Su

    COUNTABLE ABELIAN GROUP ACTIONS AND HYPERFINITE EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS SU GAO AND STEVE JACKSON Abstract. An equivalence relation E on a standard Borel space is hyperfinite if E is the increasing union of countably many Borel equivalence relations En where all En-equivalence classs are finite. In this article we

  6. Equivalency-processing parallel photonic integrated circuit EP3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louri, Ahmed

    Equivalency-processing parallel photonic integrated circuit EP3 IC : equivalence search module present an optoelectronic module called the equivalency-processing parallel photonic integrated circuit EP3 IC that is created specifically to implement high-speed parallel equivalence searches i

  7. World Views From fragmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .......................................................11 2. The Seven Components of a World View...................................................... 20 3. The Unity of the Seven Sub........................................... 25 5. The Purpose of the group `Worldviews

  8. Strong Equivalence of Qualitative Optimization Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faber, Wolfgang; Woltran, Stefan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the framework of qualitative optimization problems (or, simply, optimization problems) to represent preference theories. The formalism uses separate modules to describe the space of outcomes to be compared (the generator) and the preferences on outcomes (the selector). We consider two types of optimization problems. They differ in the way the generator, which we model by a propositional theory, is interpreted: by the standard propositional logic semantics, and by the equilibrium-model (answer-set) semantics. Under the latter interpretation of generators, optimization problems directly generalize answer-set optimization programs proposed previously. We study strong equivalence of optimization problems, which guarantees their interchangeability within any larger context. We characterize several versions of strong equivalence obtained by restricting the class of optimization problems that can be used as extensions and establish the complexity of associated reasoning tasks. Understanding strong equiv...

  9. Orientifold Planar Equivalence: The Quenched Meson Spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biagio Lucini; Gregory Moraitis; Agostino Patella; Antonio Rago

    2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A numerical study of Orientifold Planar Equivalence is performed in SU(N) Yang-Mills theories for N=2,3,4,6. Quenched meson masses are extracted in the antisymmetric, symmetric and adjoint representations for the pseudoscalar and vector channels. An extrapolation of the vector mass as a function of the pseudoscalar mass to the large-N limit shows that the numerical results agree within errors for the three theories, as predicted by Orientifold Planar Equivalence. As a byproduct of the extrapolation, the size of the corrections up to O(1/N^3) are evaluated. A crucial prerequisite for the extrapolation is the determination of an analytical relationship between the corrections in the symmetric and in the antisymmetric representations, order by order in a 1/N expansion.

  10. Equivalence principle in scalar-tensor gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dirk Puetzfeld; Yuri N. Obukhov

    2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a direct confirmation of the validity of the equivalence principle for unstructured test bodies in scalar tensor gravity. Our analysis is complementary to previous approaches and valid for a large class of scalar-tensor theories of gravitation. A covariant approach is used to derive the equations of motion in a systematic way and allows for the experimental test of scalar-tensor theories by means of extended test bodies.

  11. Quantal Definition of the Weak Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abel Camacho; Arturo Camacho-Guardian

    2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work analyzes the meaning of the Weak Equivalence Principle in the context of quantum mechanics. A quantal definition for this principle is introduced. This definition does not require the concept of trajectory and relies upon the phase shift induced by a gravitational field in the context of a quantum interference experiment of two coherent beams of particles. In other words, it resorts to wave properties of the system and not to classical concepts as the idea of trajectory.

  12. Einstein's Apple: His First Principle of Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelbert L. Schucking; Eugene J. Surowitz

    2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    After a historical discussion of Einstein's 1907 principle of equivalence, a homogeneous gravitational field in Minkowski spacetime is constructed. It is pointed out that the reference frames in gravitational theory can be understood as spaces with a flat connection and torsion defined through teleparallelism. This kind of torsion was introduced by Einstein in 1928. The concept of torsion is discussed through simple examples and some historical observations.

  13. Equivalent Circuit Modeling of Hysteresis Motors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nitao, J J; Scharlemann, E T; Kirkendall, B A

    2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We performed a literature review and found that many equivalent circuit models of hysteresis motors in use today are incorrect. The model by Miyairi and Kataoka (1965) is the correct one. We extended the model by transforming it to quadrature coordinates, amenable to circuit or digital simulation. 'Hunting' is an oscillatory phenomenon often observed in hysteresis motors. While several works have attempted to model the phenomenon with some partial success, we present a new complete model that predicts hunting from first principles.

  14. NEWS & VIEWS Glass dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weeks, Eric R.

    NEWS & VIEWS Glass dynamics Diverging views on glass transition Gregory B. mc.mckenna@ttu.edu T he glass transition is one of the most intriguing phenomena in the world of soft condensed matter. Despite decades of study, many aspects of the behaviour of glass-forming liquids remain elusive

  15. Orientifold Planar Equivalence: The Chiral Condensate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adi Armoni; Biagio Lucini; Agostino Patella; Claudio Pica

    2008-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The recently introduced orientifold planar equivalence is a promising tool for solving non-perturbative problems in QCD. One of the predictions of orientifold planar equivalence is that the chiral condensates of a theory with $N_f$ flavours of Dirac fermions in the symmetric (or antisymmetric) representation and $N_f$ flavours of Majorana fermions in the adjoint representation have the same large $N$ value for any value of the mass of the (degenerate) fermions. Assuming the invariance of the theory under charge conjugation, we prove this statement on the lattice for staggered quenched condensates in SU($N$) Yang-Mills in the large $N$ limit. Then, we compute numerically those quenched condensates for $N$ up to 8. After separating the even from the odd corrections in $1/N$, we are able to show that our data support the equivalence; however, unlike other quenched observables, subleading terms in $1/N$ are needed for describing the data for the symmetric and antisymmetric representation at $N$=3. Possible lessons for the unquenched case are discussed.

  16. Gravitational leptogenesis, C, CP and strong equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. I. McDonald; Graham M. Shore

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The origin of matter-antimatter asymmetry is one of the most important outstanding problems at the interface of particle physics and cosmology. Gravitational leptogenesis (baryogenesis) provides a possible mechanism through explicit couplings of spacetime curvature to appropriate lepton (or baryon) currents. In this paper, the idea that these strong equivalence principle violating interactions could be generated automatically through quantum loop effects in curved spacetime is explored, focusing on the realisation of the discrete symmetries C, CP and CPT which must be broken to induce matter-antimatter asymmetry. The related issue of quantum corrections to the dispersion relation for neutrino propagation in curved spacetime is considered within a fully covariant framework.

  17. Equivalence Principle and the Baryon Acoustic Peak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldauf, Tobias; Simonovi?, Marko; Zaldarriaga, Matias

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the dominant effect of a long wavelength density perturbation $\\delta(\\lambda_L)$ on short distance physics. In the non-relativistic limit, the result is a uniform acceleration, fixed by the equivalence principle, and typically has no effect on statistical averages due to translational invariance. This same reasoning has been formalized to obtain a "consistency condition" on the cosmological correlation functions. In the presence of a feature, such as the acoustic peak at $l_{\\rm BAO}$, this naive expectation breaks down for $\\lambda_Lpower spectrum. Finally, the success of BAO reconstruction schemes is argue...

  18. Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashurst, W. Robert

    Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2.921 inHg at 0 C Energy 1 J = 1 N·m = 107 ergs = 107 dyne·cm = 2.778×10-7 kW·h 1 J = 0.23901 cal = 0·R 10.73 psia·ft3 lbmol·R 62.36 liter·torr mol·K 0.7302 ft3·atm lbmol·R Temperature Conversions: T

  19. The Equivalence Principle in a Quantum World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjerrum-Bohr, N E J; El-Menoufi, Basem Kamal; Holstein, Barry R; Planté, Ludovic; Vanhove, Pierre

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how modern methods can be applied to quantum gravity at low energy. We test how quantum corrections challenge the classical framework behind the Equivalence Principle, for instance through introduction of non-locality from quantum physics, embodied in the Uncertainty Principle. When the energy is small we now have the tools to address this conflict explicitly. Despite the violation of some classical concepts, the EP continues to provide the core of the quantum gravity framework through the symmetry - general coordinate invariance - that is used to organize the effective field theory.

  20. The Equivalence Principle in a Quantum World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. E. J. Bjerrum-Bohr; John F. Donoghue; Basem Kamal El-Menoufi; Barry R. Holstein; Ludovic Planté; Pierre Vanhove

    2015-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how modern methods can be applied to quantum gravity at low energy. We test how quantum corrections challenge the classical framework behind the Equivalence Principle, for instance through introduction of non-locality from quantum physics, embodied in the Uncertainty Principle. When the energy is small we now have the tools to address this conflict explicitly. Despite the violation of some classical concepts, the EP continues to provide the core of the quantum gravity framework through the symmetry - general coordinate invariance - that is used to organize the effective field theory.

  1. AKS systems and Lepage equivalent problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santiago Capriotti

    2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The integrable systems known as "AKS systems" admit a natural formulation in terms of a Hamiltonian picture. The Lagrangian side of these systems are far less known; a version in these terms can be found in a work of Feher et al. The purpose of these notes in to provide a novel description of AKS systems in terms of a variational problem different from the usual in mechanics. Additionally, and using techniques borrowed from an article of M. Gotay, it was possible to build the Hamiltonian side of this variational problem, allowing us to establish the equivalence with the usual approach to these integrable systems.

  2. NEWS AND VIEWS PERSPECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahler, D. Luke

    NEWS AND VIEWS PERSPECTIVE Niche diversification follows key innovation in Antarctic fish radiation Oxford Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA Antarctic notothenioid fishes provide a fascinating evolu- tionary diversification has occurred repeatedly and in parallel. Keywords: community ecology, fish, macroevolution, phylo

  3. Forward viewing OCT endomicroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Kaicheng

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A forward viewing fiber optic-based imaging probe device was designed and constructed for use with ultrahigh speed optical coherence tomography in the human gastrointestinal tract. The light source was a MEMS-VCSEL at 1300 ...

  4. Asymptotic Equivalence and Adaptive Estimation for Robust Nonparametric Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Harrison Huibin

    Asymptotic Equivalence and Adaptive Estimation for Robust Nonparametric Regression T. Tony Cai1 and Harrison H. Zhou2 University of Pennsylvania and Yale University Abstract Asymptotic equivalence theory. In this paper we develop asymptotic equivalence results for robust nonparametric regression with unbounded loss

  5. Borel equivalence relations and everywhere faithful actions of free products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Benjamin

    Borel equivalence relations and everywhere faithful actions of free products Benjamin D. Miller July 13, 2006 Abstract We study the circumstances under which an aperiodic countable Borel equivalence equivalence class. An action of a group G on a set X is faithful if g G x X (g · x = x). The orbits of a G

  6. Weak Order Equivalence for Logic Programs with Preferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaub, Torsten

    Weak Order Equivalence for Logic Programs with Preferences Kathrin Konczak Institut f¨ur Informatik, notions of equivalence for Answer Set Programming have been stud- ied intensively and were shown to be beneficial for modular programming and automated optimization. In [9], the novel notion of strong equivalence

  7. Checking NFA equivalence with bisimulations up to congruence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Checking NFA equivalence with bisimulations up to congruence Filippo Bonchi CNRS, ENS Lyon--We introduce bisimulation up to congruence as a technique for proving language equivalence of non algorithm. I. INTRODUCTION Checking language equivalence of finite automata is a clas- sical problem

  8. Isomorphism of subshifts is a universal countable Borel equivalence relation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemens, John D.

    Isomorphism of subshifts is a universal countable Borel equivalence relation John D. Clemens July 17, 2007 Abstract We use the theory of Borel equivalence relations to analyze the equiva- lence relation of isomorphism among one-dimensional subshifts. We show that this equivalence relation

  9. Checking NFA equivalence with bisimulations up to congruence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Checking NFA equivalence with bisimulations up to congruence Filippo Bonchi Damien Pous CNRS, ENS introduce bisimulation up to congruence as a technique for proving language equivalence of non Language Equivalence, Automata, Bisimulation, Coin- duction, Up-to techniques, Congruence, Antichains. 1

  10. Reducing Equational Theories for the Decision of Static Equivalence #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treinen, Ralf - Laboratoire Preuves, Programmes et Systèmes, Université Paris 7

    Reducing Equational Theories for the Decision of Static Equivalence # Steve Kremer 1 , Antoine, CNRS, France Abstract. Static equivalence is a well established notion of indistin­ guishability of sequences of terms which is useful in the symbolic analysis of cryptographic protocols. Static equivalence

  11. A Language-Independent Proof System for Mutual Program Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Language-Independent Proof System for Mutual Program Equivalence S¸tefan Ciob^aca1 , Dorel Lucanu, France 3 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Abstract. Two programs are mutually equivalent if they both diverge or they end up in similar states. Mutual equivalence is an adequate no- tion

  12. Regular Equivalence and Dynamic Logic Maarten Marx and Michael Masuch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    Regular Equivalence and Dynamic Logic Maarten Marx #3; and Michael Masuch Institure for Logic equivalence relation on a social network. That is, a formal language of position terms is de#12;ned with the property that on #12;nite networks, two actors are regularly equivalent if and only if they cannot

  13. ccsd00003913, ZETA FUNCTIONS AND BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ccsd­00003913, version 1 ­ 17 Jan 2005 ZETA FUNCTIONS AND BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE GOULWEN FICHOU Abstract. We propose a re#12;nement of the notion of blow-Nash equivalence between Nash function germs, which has been introduced in [2] as an analog in the Nash setting of the blow-analytic equivalence de#12

  14. ASYMPTOTIC EQUIVALENCE FOR INHOMOGENEOUS JUMP DIFFUSION PROCESSES AND WHITE NOISE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ASYMPTOTIC EQUIVALENCE FOR INHOMOGENEOUS JUMP DIFFUSION PROCESSES AND WHITE NOISE. ESTER MARIUCCI Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, Grenoble. Abstract. We prove the global asymptotic equivalence between the experi. These asymptotic equivalences are established by constructing explicit Markov kernels that can be used to reproduce

  15. On the Equivalence of Distributed Systems with Queries and Communication$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    On the Equivalence of Distributed Systems with Queries and Communication$ Serge Abiteboula , Balder a common goal, such as eval- uating some query. We study the equivalence of such systems. We model for performing tasks such as sending, receiving and querying data. As our model is quite general, the equivalence

  16. Mining Complex Boolean Expressions for Sequential Equivalence Checking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    Mining Complex Boolean Expressions for Sequential Equivalence Checking Neha Goel, Michael S. Hsiao-flops in a sequential circuit for sequential equivalence checking. In contrast to traditional learning methods, our be arbitrary boolean expressions and can thus prune a large don't care space during equivalence checking

  17. Stutter Equivalence for In nite State Systems Zhendong Su

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Zhendong

    Stutter Equivalence for In#12;nite State Systems Zhendong Su EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley zhendong@cs.berkeley.edu Abstract. In this paper, we study the state equivalences closure of bisimilarity is a full abstract semantics for STL AU . Next, we suggest a new state equivalence

  18. Equivalence Relations Definition of a relation on a set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singman, David

    Equivalence Relations Definition of a relation on a set Let A be any set. Any subset have 1R1, 2R3, 3R1, 2 R2, 3 R2, etc. #12;A special kind of relation- an Equivalence relation There is a type of relation, it's known as an equivalence relation, which is particularly useful. Definition

  19. On the Equivalence of Distributed Systems with Queries and Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    On the Equivalence of Distributed Systems with Queries and Communication Serge Abiteboul INRIA, such as evaluate some query. We study the equivalence of such systems. We model a dis- tributed system such as sending, receiving and querying data. As our model is quite general, the equivalence problem turns out

  20. On the Complexity of the Equivalence Problem for Probabilistic Automata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouaknine, Joël

    On the Complexity of the Equivalence Problem for Probabilistic Automata Stefan Kiefer1 , Andrzej S equivalence of probabilistic automata is a key prob- lem for establishing various behavioural and anonymity properties of probabilistic systems. In recent experiments a randomised equivalence test based on polynomial

  1. Complexity of Equivalence Problems for Concurrent Systems of Finite Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabinovich, Alexander

    Complexity of Equivalence Problems for Concurrent Systems of Finite Agents Alexander Rabinovich@math.tau.ac.il 1 #12; Running head: Equivalence of Concurrent Systems Mailing address: Alexander Rabinovich that one wants to check whether p ¸ q for one of the commonly used equivalence ¸. We show that this ques

  2. The equivalence principle in classical mechanics and quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip D. Mannheim

    2000-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss our understanding of the equivalence principle in both classical mechanics and quantum mechanics. We show that not only does the equivalence principle hold for the trajectories of quantum particles in a background gravitational field, but also that it is only because of this that the equivalence principle is even to be expected to hold for classical particles at all.

  3. Interacting Dark Energy Model: Exact Analytic Solution and Equivalent Scenario for MCG and Scalar field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supriya Pan; Subenoy Chakraborty

    2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Dark energy models have got tremendous enthusiasm recently both from theoretical and observational point of view. In the present work we assume that the universe at present is dominated by dark matter (DM) and dark energy (DE) which do not evolve separately but interact non-gravitationally with one another and are equivalent to a single dark fluid. We construct explicit solutions for two choices of the equation of state parameter for DE and results are analyzed both graphically as well as analytically. The modified chaplygin gas (MCG) model is shown to be compatible with this effective single dark fluid as well as different interacting holographic dark energy (HDE) models characterized by various IR cut off lengths. Finally, we establish the equivalence between HDE with different scalar field models.

  4. Engineering Aerial view of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Junfeng

    -neutral Torus 2 Climate Change 4 Combustion and Catalysis Laboratory #12;4 5 1Engineering Revolution 5 #12;6 7Columbia Engineering Plus #12;1 1 2 3 4 5 6 Aerial view of Columbia campus with Columbia Engineering-a liated buildings highlighted in blue Columbia Engineering Plus Engineering Revolution 4

  5. Spectral equivalences from Bethe Ansatz equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorey, P; Tateo, R; Dorey, Patrick; Dunning, Clare; Tateo, Roberto

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The one-dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation for the potential $x^6+\\alpha x^2 +l(l+1)/x^2$ has many interesting properties. For certain values of the parameters l and alpha the equation is in turn supersymmetric (Witten), quasi-exactly solvable (Turbiner), and it also appears in Lipatov's approach to high energy QCD. In this paper we signal some further curious features of these theories, namely novel spectral equivalences with particular second- and third-order differential equations. These relationships are obtained via a recently-observed connection between the theories of ordinary differential equations and integrable models. Generalised supersymmetry transformations acting at the quasi-exactly solvable points are also pointed out, and an efficient numerical procedure for the study of these and related problems is described. Finally we generalise slightly and then prove a conjecture due to Bessis, Zinn-Justin, Bender and Boettcher, concerning the reality of the spectra of certain PT-symmetric quantum-mecha...

  6. Orbit Equivalence and Von Neumann Rigidity for Actions of Wreath Product Groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sizemore, James Owen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B. Weiss. “An amenable equivalence relation is gen- eratedFur99] Alex Furman. “Orbit equivalence rigidity. ” Ann. ofand Yehuda Shalom. “Orbit equivalence rigidity and bounded

  7. [Semantic equivalence of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the "Body Change Inventory"].

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conti, MA; Ferreira, ME; Amaral, AC; Hearst, N; Cordás, TA; Scagliusi, FB

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inventory” Semantic Equivalence of the Brazilian Portugueseuation for semantic equivalence of the BCI in the Portuguese3) evaluation of semantic equivalence; and (4) assessment of

  8. Applying modality and equivalence concepts to pattern finding in social process-produced data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanneman, Robert A.; Shelton, Christian R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on generalized concepts of equivalence. J Math Sociol 19(1):53 Everett MG (1994) Regular equivalence: general theory. JHC (1971) Structural equivalence of individuals in social

  9. A reassessment of equivalence in yield from marine reserves and traditional fisheries management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Crow; Kendall, Bruce E.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Botsford, L. W. 1999. Equivalence in yield from marineJune 2007 A reassessment of equivalence in yield from marineidentical model generates equivalence in yield between the

  10. Stereoscopic optical viewing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tallman, Clifford S. (Walnut Creek, CA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved optical system which provides the operator a stereoscopic viewing field and depth of vision, particularly suitable for use in various machines such as electron or laser beam welding and drilling machines. The system features two separate but independently controlled optical viewing assemblies from the eyepiece to a spot directly above the working surface. Each optical assembly comprises a combination of eye pieces, turning prisms, telephoto lenses for providing magnification, achromatic imaging relay lenses and final stage pentagonal turning prisms. Adjustment for variations in distance from the turning prisms to the workpiece, necessitated by varying part sizes and configurations and by the operator's visual accuity, is provided separately for each optical assembly by means of separate manual controls at the operator console or within easy reach of the operator.

  11. Stereoscopic optical viewing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tallman, C.S.

    1986-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved optical system which provides the operator with a stereoscopic viewing field and depth of vision, particularly suitable for use in various machines such as electron or laser beam welding and drilling machines. The system features two separate but independently controlled optical viewing assemblies from the eyepiece to a spot directly above the working surface. Each optical assembly comprises a combination of eye pieces, turning prisms, telephoto lenses for providing magnification, achromatic imaging relay lenses and final stage pentagonal turning prisms. Adjustment for variations in distance from the turning prisms to the workpiece, necessitated by varying part sizes and configurations and by the operator's visual accuity, is provided separately for each optical assembly by means of separate manual controls at the operator console or within easy reach of the operator.

  12. acids biologically equivalent: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on Complexity of Computer Computations, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York, on March 22, 1972. The equivalence problem is to determine the ......

  13. Optimization Online - On the equivalence of the method of conjugate ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anders Forsgren

    2015-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 9, 2015 ... Abstract: In this paper we state necessary and sufficient conditions for equivalence of the method of conjugate gradients and quasi-Newton ...

  14. Equivalent circuit modeling of hybrid electric vehicle drive train

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Routex, Jean-Yves

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . Figure 3. 4. 6: The motor shaft at no load. Figure 3. 4. 7: Bond graph for the motor shaft. . . Figure 3. 4. 8: Equivalent circuit of the motor shaft. Figure 3. 5. 1: Concrete example: the elevator Figure 3. 5. 2: Electro-mechanical model... model of the elevator. Figure 3. 5. 8: Final equivalent circuit of the elevator. Figure 4. 1. 1: Mechanical model of a shaft. Figure 4. 1. 2: Equivalent circuit of the shaft. Figure 4. 1. 3: Mechanical model of a gearbox. Figure 4. 1. 4: Equivalent...

  15. Stability of the Gauge Equivalent Classes in Inverse Stationary ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    mines the gauge equivalent class of the attenuation and scattering coefficients. ...... [18] M. Mokhtar-Kharroubi, Mathematical Topics in Neutron Transport Theory

  16. Derivation of Equivalent Continuous Dilution for Cyclic, Unsteady Driving Forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mortensen, Dorthe K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    problem of determining equivalency for different approaches to ventilationproblem at hand. Although we are often more accustomed to dealing with ventilation

  17. Multi-view kernel construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sa, Virginia R.; Gallagher, Patrick W.; Lewis, Joshua M.; Malave, Vicente L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5157-z Multi-view kernel construction Virginia R. de Sa ·multiple different graph construction algorithms. The Ng et

  18. Joule Equivalent of Electrical Energy by Dr. James E. Parks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    Joule Equivalent of Electrical Energy by Dr. James E. Parks Department of Physics and Astronomy 401 The objectives of this experiment are: (1) to understand the equivalence of electrical energy and heat energy, (2) to learn techniques of calorimetry, (3) to learn how to measure electrical energy, and (4) to measure

  19. TotalView Training

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesisAppliances » Top InnovativeTopoisomeraseTotalView

  20. Protective laser beam viewing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Neil, George R.; Jordan, Kevin Carl

    2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A protective laser beam viewing system or device including a camera selectively sensitive to laser light wavelengths and a viewing screen receiving images from the laser sensitive camera. According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the camera is worn on the head of the user or incorporated into a goggle-type viewing display so that it is always aimed at the area of viewing interest to the user and the viewing screen is incorporated into a video display worn as goggles over the eyes of the user.

  1. *can substitute CSE 131 or equivalent and ESE 101 or equivalent Updated June 2013 Mechanical Engineering Sample Curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    *can substitute CSE 131 or equivalent and ESE 101 or equivalent Updated June 2013 Mechanical of Thermal Systems MEMS 412 3 Modeling Simulation and Control MEMS 4301 3 Structural Dynamics and Vibration MEMS 431 4 Intro to Circuits ESE 230 4 Engineering Ethics and Sustainability ENGR 4501 1 Engineering

  2. Message-embedding from a control-theoretical point of view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Message-embedding from a control-theoretical point of view Gilles Mill´erioux1 , Jos´e Mar´ia Amig emphasis on one of the most attractive schemes, namely, message-embedding. The main conclusion can be stated as fol- lows: a message-embedded cryptosystem is equivalent to a conventional self

  3. False color viewing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, J.W.

    1991-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention consists of a viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching, the user`s eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage.

  4. False color viewing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, James W. (108 Independent Blvd., Aiken, SC 29801)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching the user's eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage.

  5. False color viewing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, J.W.

    1992-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching the user's eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage. 7 figs.

  6. The view from Kiev

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiselyov, S.

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article reports the observations of correspondents for the Bulletin (two Russian journalists, one based in Moscow, the other in Kiev) who investigated the status of the Soviet Union's Black Sea Fleet and Ukraine's status as a non-nuclear-weapons state. After two years of wrangling and two earlier failed settlements, Russian President Boris Yeltsin met with Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk at Massandra in Crimea. On September 3, the leaders announced that Russia would buy out Ukraine's interest in the fleet and lease the port at Sevastopol. The Massandra summit was also supposed to settle Ukraine's status as a non-nuclear-weapons state. Described here are the Kiev-based correspondent's views on the Massandra summit (and its major topics), which was to have been called off by the Russian foreign ministry when Ukrainian Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma resigned.

  7. Observable Equivalence between General Relativity and Shape Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tim Koslowski

    2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In this conceptual paper we construct a local version of Shape Dynamics that is equivalent to General Relativity in the sense that the algebras of Dirac observables weakly coincide. This allows us to identify Shape Dynamics observables with General Relativity observables, whose observables can now be interpreted as particular representative functions of observables of a conformal theory at fixed York time. An application of the observable equivalence of General Relativity and Shape Dynamics is to define the quantization of General Relativity through quantizing Shape Dynamics and using observable equivalence. We investigate this proposal explicitly for gravity in 2+1 dimensions.

  8. Violation of the Weak Equivalence Principle in Bekenstein's theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Kraiselburd; H. Vucetich

    2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Bekenstein has shown that violation of Weak Equivalence Principle is strongly supressed in his model of charge variation. In this paper, it is shown that nuclear magnetic energy is large enough to produce observable effects in Eotvos experiments.

  9. Equivalence of the Husain and the Pleba?ski equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Jakimowicz; J. Tafel

    2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that Husain's reduction of the self-dual Einstein equations is equivalent to the Pleba\\'nski equation. The B\\"acklund transformation between these equations is found. Contact symmetries of the Husain equation are derived.

  10. Design, construction and implementation of spherical tissue equivalent proportional counter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez Nunez, Delia Josefina

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Tissue equivalent proportional counters (TEPC) are used for medical and space activities whenever a combination of high and low LET (lineal energy transfer) radiations are present. With the frequency and duration of space activities increasing...

  11. On equivalence of thinning fluids used for hydraulic fracturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linkov, Alexander

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper aims to answer the question: if and how non-Newtonian fluids may be compared in their mechanical action when used for hydraulic fracturing? By employing the modified formulation of the PKN problem we obtain its simple analytical solutions in the cases of perfectly plastic and Newtonian fluids. Since the results for shear thinning fluids are intermediate between those for these cases, the obtained equation for the fracture length suggests a criterion of the equivalence of various shear thinning fluids for the problem of hydraulic fractures. We assume fluids equivalent in their hydrofracturing action, when at a reference time they produce fractures of the same length. The equation for the fracture length translates the equivalence in terms of the hydraulic fracture length and treatment time into the equivalence in terms of the properties of a fracturing fluid (behavior and consistency indices). Analysis shows that the influence of the consistency and behavior indices on the fracture length, particle v...

  12. Development of design tool for statically equivalent deepwater mooring systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Udoh, Ikpoto Enefiok

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    tests is the depth and spatial limitations in wave basins. It is therefore important to design and build equivalent mooring systems to ensure that the static properties (global restoring forces and global stiffness) of the prototype floater are matched...

  13. I. Introduction Equivalent loading of induction machines are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szabados, Barna

    described, the rotor is used as an energy storing device, equivalent to a flywheel. The energy stored depends upon speed and moment of inertia of the machine. The speed response capacity of this "flywheel

  14. Influence of Gravitation on Mass-Energy Equivalence Relation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. V. R. Pandya

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study influence of gravitational field on the mass-energy equivalence relation by incorporating gravitation in the physical situation considered by Einstein (Ann. Physik, 17, 1905, English translation in ref. [1]) for his first derivation of mass-energy equivalence. In doing so, we also refine Einstein's expression (Ann. Physik, 35, 1911, English translation in ref. [3]) for increase in gravitational mass of the body when it absorbs E amount of radiation energy.

  15. Equivalent Neutrinos, Light WIMPs, and the Chimera of Dark Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary Steigman

    2013-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    According to conventional wisdom, in the standard model (SM) of particle physics and cosmology the effective number of neutrinos is Neff=3 (more precisely, 3.046). In extensions of the standard model allowing for the presence of DeltaNnu equivalent neutrinos (or dark radiation), Neff is generally >3. The canonical results are reconsidered here, revealing that a measurement of Neff>3 can be consistent with DeltaNnu=0 (dark radiation without dark radiation). Conversely, a measurement consistent with Neff=3 is not inconsistent with the presence of dark radiation (DeltaNnu>0). In particular, if there is a light WIMP that annihilates to photons after the SM neutrinos have decoupled, the photons are heated beyond their usual heating from e+- annihilation, reducing the late time ratio of neutrino and photon temperatures (and number densities), leading to Neff3 even in the absence of equivalent neutrinos or dark radiation. A measurement of Neff>3 is thus no guarantee of the presence of equivalent neutrinos or dark radiation. In the presence of light WIMPs and/or equivalent neutrinos there are degeneracies among the light WIMP mass and its nature (fermion or boson, as well as its couplings to neutrinos or photons), the number and nature (fermion or boson) of the equivalent neutrinos, and their decoupling temperature (the strength of their interactions with the SM particles). There's more to a measurement of Neff than meets the eye.

  16. Knowledge of Mathematical Equivalence in Children with Specific Language Impairment: Evidence from Gesture and Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowledge of Mathematical Equivalence in Children with Specific Language Impairment: Evidence from investigated understanding of mathematical equivalence in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI and mathematical equivalence problems. Problem solutions and explanations were coded for accuracy and problem

  17. Equivalence of Conventionally-Derived and Parthenote-Derived Human Embryonic Stem Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalence of Conventionally-Derived and Parthenote-6 | Issue 1 | e14499 Equivalence of hESC and phESC Figure 4.to determine points of equivalence and differences between

  18. Containment, Equivalence and Coreness from CSP to QCSP and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madelaine, Florent

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) and its quantified extensions, whether without (QCSP) or with disjunction (QCSP_or), correspond naturally to the model checking problem for three increasingly stronger fragments of positive first-order logic. Their complexity is often studied when parameterised by a fixed model, the so-called template. It is a natural question to ask when two templates are equivalent, or more generally when one "contain" another, in the sense that a satisfied instance of the first will be necessarily satisfied in the second. One can also ask for a smallest possible equivalent template: this is known as the core for CSP. We recall and extend previous results on containment, equivalence and "coreness" for QCSP_or before initiating a preliminary study of cores for QCSP which we characterise for certain structures and which turns out to be more elusive.

  19. Mesoscale symmetries explain dynamical equivalence of food webs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aufderheide, Helge; Gross, Thilo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A present challenge in complex systems is to identify mesoscale structures that have distinct dynamical implications. In this paper we present a detailed investigation of a previously observed dynamical equivalence of certian ecological food webs. We show that this equivalence is rooted in mesoscale symmetries that exist in these webs. Certain eigenvectors of the Jacobian describing dynamical modes of the system, such as specific instabilities or responses to perturbations, localize on these symmetric motifs. On the one hand this means that by removing a symmetry from the network one obtains a system which has identical dynamics except for the removal of the localized mode. This explains the previously observed equivalence. On the other hand it means that we can identify dynamical modes that only depend on the symmetric motif. Symmetric structures thus provide an example for mesoscale network motifs having distinct and exact implications for the dynamics.

  20. On the Equivalence of Nonnegative Matrix Factorization and K-means - Spectral Clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Chris; He, Xiaofeng; Simon, Horst D.; Jin, Rong

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    He, and H.D. Simon. On the equivalence of nonnegative matrixOn the Equivalence of Nonnegative Matrix Factorization and

  1. The Equivalence Principle and the Constants of Nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thibault Damour

    2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly review the various contexts within which one might address the issue of ``why'' the dimensionless constants of Nature have the particular values that they are observed to have. Both the general historical trend, in physics, of replacing a-priori-given, absolute structures by dynamical entities, and anthropic considerations, suggest that coupling ``constants'' have a dynamical nature. This hints at the existence of observable violations of the Equivalence Principle at some level, and motivates the need for improved tests of the Equivalence Principle.

  2. Equivalent radii of antennas with noncircular cross section

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Charles Wen-Hsun

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . INTRODUCTION 1-1. Equivalent Radius 1-2. Length~thickness Parameter Ii. ELLIP TICAL CONDUCTOR 2-1. Capacitance of Coaxial Cylinder's Z-Z. Inverse Cosine Transformation 12 Z-3. Equivalent Radius of Elliptical Conductor Z-4. Special Cases 17 III... 74 ? -shaped Antenna 29 3-8. Rectangular Conductor . . . 31 3-9. Percentage Error . . . . . ~. . . , 33 CONTENTS CONTIN UED CHAPTER Page IV. PARALLEL CONDUCTORS 4-1. Two Circular Cylinders in Parallel 4-Z. Two Flat Strips in Parallel 4-3. Two...

  3. A Regulator's View of Cogeneration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shanaman, S. M.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the total national electric generation. In view of the energy requirements of Pennsylvania's industry and the impact of increasing energy costs on employment the Commission directed its technical staff to investigate the potential for industrial cogeneration...

  4. Equivalent roughness height for plane bed under oscillatory flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , the bed roughness height of a flat and fixed bed is given in terms of the Nikuradse roughness height (ks may be several orders of magnitude larger than for a fixed bed. This is probably causedEquivalent roughness height for plane bed under oscillatory flow Beno^it Camenen , Magnus Larson

  5. Equivalent Roughness Height for Plane Bed under Steady Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    current conditions. In general, owing to dimensional reasons, the bed roughness height of a flat and fixed orders of magnitude larger than for a fixed bed. This is probably caused by the increased energyEquivalent Roughness Height for Plane Bed under Steady Flow Benoît Camenen, Ph.D.1 ; Atilla Bayram

  6. New Blind Signatures Equivalent to Factorization (Extended Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pointcheval, David

    New Blind Signatures Equivalent to Factorization (Extended Abstract) David Pointcheval Jacques Stern Abstract In this paper, we present new blind signature schemes based on the factorization problem. They are the first blind sig- nature schemes proved secure relatively to factorization. By security, we mean

  7. Nordstrom's scalar theory of gravity and the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathalie Deruelle

    2011-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Nordstrom's theory of gravity, which describes gravity by a scalar field in flat spacetime, is observationally ruled out. It is however the only theory of gravity with General Relativity to obey the strong equivalence principle. I show in this paper that this remarkable property is true beyond post-newtonian level and can be related to the existence of a 'Nordstrom-Katz' superpotential.

  8. The Equivalence Principle as a Probe for Higher Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul S. Wesson

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Higher-dimensional theories of the kind which may unify gravitation with particle physics can lead to significant modifications of general relativity. In five dimensions, the vacuum becomes non-standard, and the Weak Equivalence Principle becomes a geometrical symmetry which can be broken, perhaps at a level detectable by new tests in space.

  9. On the Equivalence of Constraint Satisfaction Francesca Rossi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    their information content is essentially identical. In other words, it is only the information content of a CSP was visiting MCC. #12;Abstract A solution of a Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CSP) is an assignment of values notion of equivalence. Two di erent algorithms, currently used for transforming any non-binary CSP

  10. CONFIDENTIAL: DO NOT QUOTE 1 Equivalence in Ventilation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONFIDENTIAL: DO NOT QUOTE 1 Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality M. H. Sherman, I ventilate buildings to provide acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). Ventilation standards (such as American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Enginners [ASHRAE] Standard 62) specify minimum

  11. Control of Nondeterministic Discrete Event Systems for Bisimulation Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ratnesh

    a certain finite state space, namely the power set of Cartesian product of system and specification state.jiang@gm.com). Nondeterminism in plant model can arise from unmodeled dynamics or abstraction. A nondeterministic plant can have], ready-trace [4], simulation and bisimulation equivalences [29]. Also, the supervisors can

  12. Equivalence Checking for Function Pipelining in Behavioral Synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Fei

    on subtle design invariants. Function pipelining (a.k.a. system-level pipelining) is an important, correct-by-construction abstraction of function pipeline; thus, instead of developing pipelineEquivalence Checking for Function Pipelining in Behavioral Synthesis Kecheng Hao, Sandip Ray

  13. Cultural evolution is not equivalent to Darwinian evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reader, Simon

    Cultural evolution is not equivalent to Darwinian evolution Dwight W. Read Department://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/anthro/faculty/read/ Abstract: Darwinian evolution, defined as evolution arising from selection based directly on the properties. The difficulty with linking Darwinian evolution to structural properties of cultural constructs is exemplified

  14. A Theory of Operational Equivalence for Interaction Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández, Maribel

    A Theory of Operational Equivalence for Interaction Nets Maribel Fernâ??andez 1 and Ian Mackie 2 1. In this paper we apply these (now standard) techniques to interactions nets, a graphical programming language in interaction nets since it can be applied to untyped systems, thus all systems of interaction nets are captured

  15. Viewing device for electron-beam equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasyrov, R.S.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Viewing devices are used to observe melting, welding, and so on in vacuum systems, an it is necessary to protect the windows from droplets and vapor. A viewing device for electron-beam equipment is described in which the viewing tube and mounting flange are made as a tubular ball joint enclosed in a steel bellows, which render the viewing device flexible. Bending the viewing tube in the intervals between observations protects the viewing window from sputtering and from drops of molten metal.

  16. 11 Kalman Filtering and Certainty Equivalence We presents the important concepts of the Kalman filter, certainty-equivalence and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Richard

    11 Kalman Filtering and Certainty Equivalence We presents the important concepts of the Kalman. In the Gaussian case, it is also the maximum likelihood estimator. 11.2 The Kalman filter Let us make the LQG for these two quantities. Theorem 11.2 (The Kalman filter) Suppose that conditional on W0, the initial state x0

  17. Virtual Laboratories > 1. Foundations > 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. Equivalence Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demeio, Lucio

    Virtual Laboratories > 1. Foundations > 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 5. Equivalence Relations A relation on a nonempty set S that is reflexive, symmetric, and transitive is said to be an equivalence relation on S. As the name and notation suggest, an equivalence relation is intended to define a type of equivalence among

  18. LARGE DEVIATIONS AND THE THERMODYNAMIC FORMALISM: A NEW PROOF OF THE EQUIVALENCE OF ENSEMBLES a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LARGE DEVIATIONS AND THE THERMODYNAMIC FORMALISM: A NEW PROOF OF THE EQUIVALENCE OF ENSEMBLES a J The Equivalence of Ensembles In statistical mechanics the problem of the equivalence of ensembles goes back, the microcanonical measures and the grand canonical measures are equivalent; making precise the meaning

  19. Orbit equivalence of Cantor minimal systems: A survey and a new proof

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Putnam, Ian F.

    Orbit equivalence of Cantor minimal systems: A survey and a new proof Ian F. Putnam, Department Abstract We give a new proof of the classification, up to topological orbit equivalence, of minimal AF-equivalence on the structure of AF-equivalence relations and the theory of dimension groups; we give a short survey

  20. Full sequential equivalence checking by state space traversal has been shown to be unpractical for large

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract: Full sequential equivalence checking by state space traversal has been shown, Simulation, SAT) to transform the sequential equivalence checking problem into a combinational equivalence successful in general, they are not able to reach proof of equivalence in presence of complex transformations

  1. ON ALMOST BLOW-ANALYTIC EQUIVALENCE GOULWEN FICHOU AND MASAHIRO SHIOTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ON ALMOST BLOW-ANALYTIC EQUIVALENCE GOULWEN FICHOU AND MASAHIRO SHIOTA Abstract. We study the analytic equivalence of real analytic function germs after desin- gularization and state the cardinality of the classes under this equivalence relation. We consider also the Nash case, and compare these equivalences

  2. Metric problems in sub-Riemannian geometry Gromov's dimension approach to the Holder equivalence problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pansu, Pierre

    Metric problems in sub-Riemannian geometry Gromov's dimension approach to the H¨older equivalence problem Gromov's cochain approach to the H¨older equivalence problem Rumin's complex Quasisymmetric H¨older-Lipschitz equivalence problem Differential forms and the H¨older equivalence problem P. Pansu September 1st, 2014 P

  3. ccsd-00004260,version1-15Feb2005 Galois coverings, Morita equivalence and smash

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ccsd-00004260,version1-15Feb2005 Galois coverings, Morita equivalence and smash extensions to Morita equivalence of k-categories. For this purpose we describe processes providing Morita equivalences that there is a coincidence up to Morita equivalence between Galois coverings of k-categories and smash extensions

  4. Wide field of view telescope

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ackermann, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); McGraw, John T. (Placitas, NM); Zimmer, Peter C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A wide field of view telescope having two concave and two convex reflective surfaces, each with an aspheric surface contour, has a flat focal plane array. Each of the primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary reflective surfaces are rotationally symmetric about the optical axis. The combination of the reflective surfaces results in a wide field of view in the range of approximately 3.8.degree. to approximately 6.5.degree.. The length of the telescope along the optical axis is approximately equal to or less than the diameter of the largest of the reflective surfaces.

  5. Equivalence problem for the orthogonal webs on the sphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caroline Cochran; Raymond G. McLenaghan; Roman G. Smirnov

    2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We solve the equivalence problem for the orthogonally separable webs on the three-sphere under the action of the isometry group. This continues a classical project initiated by Olevsky in which he solved the corresponding canonical forms problem. The solution to the equivalence problem together with the results by Olevsky forms a complete solution to the problem of orthogonal separation of variables to the Hamilton-Jacobi equation defined on the three-sphere via orthogonal separation of variables. It is based on invariant properties of the characteristic Killing two-tensors in addition to properties of the corresponding algebraic curvature tensor and the associated Ricci tensor. The result is illustrated by a non-trivial application to a natural Hamiltonian defined on the three-sphere.

  6. Derivation of Equivalent Continuous Dilution for Cyclic, Unsteady Driving Forces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Technical University of Denmark, Department of Civil Engineering; Mortensen, Dorthe K.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This article uses an analytical approach to determine the dilution of an unsteadily-generated solute in an unsteady solvent stream, under cyclic temporal boundary conditions. The goal is to find a simplified way of showing equivalence of such a process to a reference case where equivalent dilution is defined as a weighted average concentration. This derivation has direct applications to the ventilation of indoor spaces where indoor air quality and energy consumption cannot in general be simultaneously optimized. By solving the equation we can specify how much air we need to use in one ventilation pattern compared to another to obtain same indoor air quality. Because energy consumption is related to the amount of air exchanged by a ventilation system, the equation can be used as a first step to evaluate different ventilation patterns effect on the energy consumption. The use of the derived equation is demonstrated by representative cases of interest in both residential and non-residential buildings.

  7. Torsion-balance tests of the weak equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. A. Wagner; S. Schlamminger; J. H. Gundlach; E. G. Adelberger

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly summarize motivations for testing the weak equivalence principle and then review recent torsion-balance results that compare the differential accelerations of beryllium-aluminum and beryllium-titanium test body pairs with precisions at the part in $10^{13}$ level. We discuss some implications of these results for the gravitational properties of antimatter and dark matter, and speculate about the prospects for further improvements in experimental sensitivity.

  8. MOSFETMOSFET ffTT MOSFET small-signal equivalent circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulfrey, David L.

    --parametersparameters 1. fT is related to the short-circuit current gain 2. |id/ig|2 = |y23/y33|2 3. Extrapolated f to one using z-parameters 2. It's now easy to add in the parasitic R's 3. fT is related to the short-circuit1 MOSFETMOSFET ffTT LECTURE 17 · MOSFET small-signal equivalent circuits · 2-port parameters · y

  9. Equivalence of topological and scattering approaches to quantum pumping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Braeunlich; G. M. Graf; G. Ortelli

    2009-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Schroedinger equation with a potential periodically varying in time is used to model adiabatic quantum pumps. The systems considered may be either infinitely extended and gapped or finite and connected to gapless leads. Correspondingly, two descriptions of the transported charge, one relating to a Chern number and the other to a scattering matrix, have been available for some time. Here we generalize the first one and establish its equivalence to the second.

  10. Equivalent Neutrinos, Light WIMPs, and the Chimera of Dark Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steigman, Gary

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to conventional wisdom, in the standard model (SM) of particle physics and cosmology the effective number of neutrinos is Neff=3 (more precisely, 3.046). In extensions of the standard model allowing for the presence of DeltaNnu equivalent neutrinos (or dark radiation), Neff is generally >3. The canonical results are reconsidered here, revealing that a measurement of Neff>3 can be consistent with DeltaNnu=0 (dark radiation without dark radiation). Conversely, a measurement consistent with Neff=3 is not inconsistent with the presence of dark radiation (DeltaNnu>0). In particular, if there is a light WIMP that annihilates to photons after the SM neutrinos have decoupled, the photons are heated beyond their usual heating from e+- annihilation, reducing the late time ratio of neutrino and photon temperatures (and number densities), leading to Neff3 even in the absence of equivalent neutrinos or dark radiation. A measurement of Neff>3 is thus no guarantee of the presence of equivalent neutrinos or dark ra...

  11. Input a journal Viewing Journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Journals Contents: Input a journal Viewing Journals Deleting a journal Entering jnl into different period Problems Input a journal 1 Login to Bluqube 2 Select 3 Enter relevant Doc type To select the number of journals you will processing & the total credit value 6 Click on 7 Enter brief description 8

  12. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 28, 2006 ... For defining the NSO functions composing the battery, we consider two categories: – randomly generated functions, either defined as the ...

  13. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    a battery of benchmark instances of up to 200 nodes are reported. These seem to be the largest instances that have been solved exactly for this problem.

  14. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    May 14, 2010 ... Generally, even testing whether a matrix is in C? is co-NP-complete [23]. ...... One concrete example is the following: ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. 1 1/3 1/3 ...

  15. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    based on median finding, variable fixing, and secant techniques. Keywords: ..... arithmetic operations, the overall complexity is O(n2). D. The worst case bound in ..... always work on its rated clock speed, we turned force the Linux system to use the ..... dimensionally equidistributed uniform pseudo-random number generator.

  16. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-31-00T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 3, 2003 ... Landau (TDGL) equation, the Maxwell equations, and an energy equation ... varying currents and magnetic fields generate thermal energy, ...

  17. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Approach. ?. Selin Damla Ahipasao?glu the date of receipt and acceptance should be .... which has the minimum volume is a natural choice from both theoretical and ... This problem has important applications in statistics and solving this prob- ...... the SDPT3 algorithm using the CVX platform on MATLAB, which is a classic.

  18. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    all real solutions of a given system of polynomial equations. ... A crucial ingredient is a semidefinite characterization of the real radical ideal ...... The options.

  19. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Let fbe a meromorphic function satisfying condition (1.2), and let rj be a sequence with property (2.5). Then the set S is finite and for some subsequence of ...

  20. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    project of the classification of (simple) nuclear separable C*-algebras [E]. Let C? denote the category of separable C*-algebras and ?-homomorphisms.

  1. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    the classification results of Kirchberg and Phillips using the notion of nuclear absorbing ... A simple purely infinite nuclear separable C*-algebra is called.

  2. View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this paper is to give a survey of some basic theory of semi-infinite programming. .... operations of addition and multiplication by a scalar. We associate ...

  3. Composite system in noncommutative space and the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kh. P. Gnatenko

    2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The motion of a composite system made of N particles is examined in a space with a canonical noncommutative algebra of coordinates. It is found that the coordinates of the center-of-mass position satisfy noncommutative algebra with effective parameter. Therefore, the upper bound of the parameter of noncommutativity is re-examined. We conclude that the weak equivalence principle is violated in the case of a non-uniform gravitational field and propose the condition for the recovery of this principle in noncommutative space. Furthermore, the same condition is derived from the independence of kinetic energy on the composition.

  4. Equivalence principle and experimental tests of gravitational spin effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. J. Silenko; O. V. Teryaev

    2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the possibility of experimental testing the manifestations of equivalence principle in spin-gravity interactions. We reconsider the earlier experimental data and get the first experimental bound on anomalous gravitomagnetic moment. The spin coupling to the Earth's rotation may also be explored at the extensions of neutron EDM and g-2 experiments. The spin coupling to the terrestrial gravity produces a considerable effect which may be discovered at the planned deuteron EDM experiment. The Earth's rotation should also be taken into account in optical experiments on a search for axionlike particles.

  5. Commutation Relations for Double Tensors of Two Equivalent D Electrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin-Sheng Wu

    2007-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We apply the Clebsch-Gordan and Racah coefficients to calculate the double tensors for two equivalent d electrons. We also obtain the commutation relations for these double tensors and choose certain quantum numbers, which produce a subgroup. From the root vectors of the commutation relations, we identify them with Lie algebra B2. Once we have the correct Lie algebra, it is feasible to use the Wigner-Eckart theorem to find matrix elements for transition states among atomic spectra or nuclear shell models.

  6. Equivalent forms of the Bessis-Moussa-Villani conjecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott H. Lieb; Robert Seiringer

    2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The BMV conjecture for traces, which states that $Tr exp(A -\\lambda B)$ is the Laplace transform of a positive measure, is shown to be equivalent to two other statements: (i) The polynomial $\\lambda\\mapsto Tr(A+\\lambda B)^p$ has only non-negative coefficients for all $A, B \\geq 0$, $p\\in N$ and (ii) $\\lambda\\mapsto \\Tr (A+\\lambda B)^{-p}$ is the Laplace transform of a positive measure for $A, B \\geq 0$, $p>0$.

  7. Views of the solar system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, C.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Views of the Solar System has been created as an educational tour of the solar system. It contains images and information about the Sun, planets, moons, asteroids and comets found within the solar system. The image processing for many of the images was done by the author. This tour uses hypertext to allow space travel by simply clicking on a desired planet. This causes information and images about the planet to appear on screen. While on a planet page, hyperlinks travel to pages about the moons and other relevant available resources. Unusual terms are linked to and defined in the Glossary page. Statistical information of the planets and satellites can be browsed through lists sorted by name, radius and distance. History of Space Exploration contains information about rocket history, early astronauts, space missions, spacecraft and detailed chronology tables of space exploration. The Table of Contents page has links to all of the various pages within Views Of the Solar System.

  8. For current viewing resistor loads

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lyons, Gregory R. (Tijeras, NM); Hass, Jay B. (Lee's Summit, MO)

    2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention comprises a terminal unit for a flat cable comprising a BNC-PCB connector having a pin for electrically contacting one or more conducting elements of a flat cable, and a current viewing resistor having an opening through which the pin extends and having a resistor face that abuts a connector face of the BNC-PCB connector, wherein the device is a terminal unit for the flat cable.

  9. On the equivalence theorem in f(R)-type generalized gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Ezawa; H. Iwasaki; Y. Ohkuwa; S. Watanabe; N. Yamada; T. Yano

    2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate whether the equivalence theorem in f(R)-type gravity is valid also in quantum theory. It is shown that, if the canonical quantization is assumed, equivalence does not hold in quantum theory.

  10. Lunar Laser Ranging Tests of the Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James G. Williams; Slava G. Turyshev; Dale Boggs

    2012-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) experiment provides precise observations of the lunar orbit that contribute to a wide range of science investigations. In particular, time series of highly accurate measurements of the distance between the Earth and Moon provide unique information that determine whether, in accordance with the Equivalence Principle (EP), both of these celestial bodies are falling towards the Sun at the same rate, despite their different masses, compositions, and gravitational self-energies. Analyses of precise laser ranges to the Moon continue to provide increasingly stringent limits on any violation of the EP. Current LLR solutions give (-0.8 +/- 1.3) x 10^{-13} for any possible inequality in the ratios of the gravitational and inertial masses for the Earth and Moon, (m_G/m_I)_E - (m_G/m_I)_M. Such an accurate result allows other tests of gravitational theories. Focusing on the tests of the EP, we discuss the existing data and data analysis techniques. The robustness of the LLR solutions is demonstrated with several different approaches to solutions. Additional high accuracy ranges and improvements in the LLR data analysis model will further advance the research of relativistic gravity in the solar system, and will continue to provide highly accurate tests of the Equivalence Principle.

  11. Equivalent Continuum Modeling for Shock Wave Propagation in Jointed Media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vorobiev, O; Antoun, T

    2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This study presents discrete and continuum simulations of shock wave propagating through jointed media. The simulations were performed using the Lagrangian hydrocode GEODYN-L with joints treated explicitly using an advanced contact algorithm. They studied both isotropic and anisotropic joint representations. For an isotropically jointed geologic medium, the results show that the properties of the joints can be combined with the properties of the intact rock to develop an equivalent continuum model suitable for analyzing wave propagation through the jointed medium. For an anisotropically jointed geologic medium, they found it difficult to develop an equivalent continuum (EC) model that matches the response derived from mesoscopic simulation. They also performed simulations of wave propagation through jointed media. Two appraoches are suggested for modeling the rock mass. In one approach, jointed are modeled explicitly in a Lagrangian framework with appropriate contact algorithms used to track motion along the interfaces. In the other approach, the effect of joints is taken into account using a constitutive model derived from mesoscopic simulations.

  12. 114 CHAPTER 2. REGULAR LANGUAGES 2.17 Right-Invariant Equivalence Relations on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallier, Jean

    114 CHAPTER 2. REGULAR LANGUAGES 2.17 Right-Invariant Equivalence Relations on Let D = (Q, , , q0 an equivalent DFA Dr such that L(D) = L(Dr), where all the states of Dr are reachable. From now on, we assume-INVARIANT EQUIVALENCE RELATIONS ON 115 Recall that an equivalence relation on a set A is a relation which is reflexive

  13. Calculation of extremity neutron fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood-Zika, Annmarie Ruth

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    surface fluence spectra 45 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page Properties of commercially available TLDs . . PNNL dose equivalent averaged quality factors . 16 3 MCNP input deck geometries Phantoms modeled in MCNP input decks . . Comparison of calculated..., PNNL and DOELAP fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors for bare '"Cf . . . . 37 Comparison of calculated, PNNL and DOELAP fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors for D, O moderated '"Cf. 37 Fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors...

  14. State property systems and closure spaces: a study of categorical equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Diederik

    State property systems and closure spaces: a study of categorical equivalence Diederik Aerts, Eva system. We prove that the category of state property systems (and morphisms), SP, is equivalent to the category of closure spaces (and continuous maps), Cls. We show the equivalence of the `state determination

  15. Strong and uniform equivalence of nonmonotonic theories --an algebraic Miroslaw Truszczynski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truszczynski, Miroslaw

    Strong and uniform equivalence of nonmonotonic theories -- an algebraic approach Miroslaw Truszczy We show that the concepts of strong and uniform equivalence of logic programs can be generalized and uniform equivalence for sev- eral nonmonotonic logics including logic programming with aggregates, default

  16. Comment on the equivalence of Bakamjian-Thomas mass operators in different forms of dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polyzou, Wayne

    Comment on the equivalence of Bakamjian-Thomas mass operators in different forms of dynamics W. N, 2010) We discuss the scattering equivalence of the generalized Bakamjian-Thomas construction of dy- namical representations of the Poincar´e group in all of Dirac's forms of dynamics. The equivalence

  17. The Stable Equivalence and Cancellation Problems Leonid Makar-Limanov Peter van Rossum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shpilrain, Vladimir

    The Stable Equivalence and Cancellation Problems Leonid Makar-Limanov #3; Peter van Rossum Vladimir are isomorphic. In this paper, we focus on a related problem: given two varieties with equivalent (under an automorphism of A n+1 ) cylinders V 1 #2;A 1 and V 2 #2;A 1 , are V 1 and V 2 equivalent under an automorphism

  18. G-Structures Local Equivalence and Classification of Co-frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick, George

    Motivation G-Structures Local Equivalence and Classification of Co-frames Solution Summary and Further Results Local Equivalence and Classification of Finite Type G-Structures Ivan Struchiner1 1 and Infinite Dimensional Ivan Struchiner Equivalence of G-Structures #12;Motivation G-Structures Local

  19. Equivalence for nonparametric drift estimation of a diffusion process and its Euler scheme.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Equivalence for nonparametric drift estimation of a diffusion process and its Euler scheme. V equivalence theory of Le Cam (1986) is to approx- imate general statistical models by simple ones. We develop here a global asymptotic equivalence result for nonparametric drift estimation of a discretely observed

  20. Equivalence Principle Violation in Weakly Vainshtein-Screened Systems Alexander V. Belikov1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Wayne

    Equivalence Principle Violation in Weakly Vainshtein-Screened Systems Alexander V. Belikov1-dependent interactions cause apparent equivalence principle vi- olations. In the weakly-screened regime violations can [17­23]. In these models, all bodies accelerate equivalently in the total field of the fifth force

  1. GAMES AND ELEMENTARY EQUIVALENCE OF II1 FACTORS ISAAC GOLDBRING AND THOMAS SINCLAIR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldbring, Isaac

    GAMES AND ELEMENTARY EQUIVALENCE OF II1 FACTORS ISAAC GOLDBRING AND THOMAS SINCLAIR Abstract. We use Ehrenfeucht-Fra¨iss´e games to give a local geometric crite- rion for elementary equivalence of II1 factors. We obtain as a corollary that two II1 factors are elementarily equivalent if and only

  2. Tests of the hydrodynamic equivalence of direct-drive implosions with different D2 and 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tests of the hydrodynamic equivalence of direct-drive implosions with different D2 and 3 He, D2 and 3 He gases are fully ionized, and hydrodynamically equivalent fuels with different ratios the materials are cho- sen to be as nearly hydrodynamically equivalent as possible. D and 3 He have the special

  3. Recap Weak Normal EC Strong Normal EC Robustness Combined with WCT Equivalence Class Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousavi, Mohammad

    Recap Weak Normal EC Strong Normal EC Robustness Combined with WCT Equivalence Class Testing: Equivalence Class Testing #12;Recap Weak Normal EC Strong Normal EC Robustness Combined with WCT Outline Recap Weak Normal EC Strong Normal EC Robustness Combined with WCT Mousavi: Equivalence Class Testing #12

  4. Tiling groupoids and Bratteli diagrams II: structure of the orbit equivalence relation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Tiling groupoids and Bratteli diagrams II: structure of the orbit equivalence relation A. Julien, J on the faces of the tiles of all dimensions j = 0, . . . , d - 1. We reconstruct the tiling's equivalence to a natural notion of border for its associated tiling. We define an ´etale equivalence relation RB on B

  5. Strong and uniform equivalence of nonmonotonic theories ---an algebraic Mirosl/aw Truszczy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truszczynski, Miroslaw

    Strong and uniform equivalence of nonmonotonic theories --- an algebraic approach # Mirosl mirekcs.uky.edu Abstract We show that the concepts of strong and uniform equivalence of logic programs can characterizations of strong and uniform equivalence for sev­ eral nonmonotonic logics including logic programming

  6. ANALYTIC EQUIVALENCE OF NORMAL CROSSING FUNCTIONS ON A REAL ANALYTIC MANIFOLD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ANALYTIC EQUIVALENCE OF NORMAL CROSSING FUNCTIONS ON A REAL ANALYTIC MANIFOLD Goulwen Fichou crossing singularities after a modification. We focus on the analytic equivalence of such functions with only normal crossing singularities. We prove that for such functions C right equivalence implies

  7. The Hardness of Code Equivalence over Fq and its Application to Code-based Cryptography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Hardness of Code Equivalence over Fq and its Application to Code-based Cryptography Nicolas {nicolas.sendrier,dimitrios.simos}@inria.fr Abstract. The code equivalence problem is to decide whether two review the hardness of code equivalence over Fq due to some recent negative results and argue

  8. Reducing Strong Equivalence of Logic Programs to Entailment in Classical Propositional Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Dekai

    Reducing Strong Equivalence of Logic Programs to Entailment in Classical Propositional Logic ] introduced a notion of strong equivalence be­ tween two logic programs, and showed that it can be captured theories that reduces this notion of strong equivalence to en­ tailment in classical propositional logic

  9. ccsd-00003913,version1-17Jan2005 ZETA FUNCTIONS AND BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ccsd-00003913,version1-17Jan2005 ZETA FUNCTIONS AND BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE GOULWEN FICHOU Abstract. We propose a refinement of the notion of blow-Nash equivalence between Nash function germs, which has been introduced in [2] as an analog in the Nash setting of the blow-analytic equivalence defined by T

  10. The number of topological generators for full groups of ergodic equivalence relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The number of topological generators for full groups of ergodic equivalence relations François Le associated with an ergodic probability measure-preserving (pmp) equivalence relation, namely its cost invariant is the partition of X into orbits induced by , that is, the orbit equivalence relation x R y iff

  11. Equivalence of CHR States Revisited Frank Raiser, Hariolf Betz, and Thom Fruhwirth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarna-Starosta, Beata

    Equivalence of CHR States Revisited Frank Raiser, Hariolf Betz, and Thom Fr¨uhwirth Faculty it is generally agreed-upon that certain classes of CHR states should be considered equivalent, no standard proof for its compliance with rule application and provide a proof technique to determine equivalence

  12. PUBLISHED VERSION Equivalence of two independent calculations of the higher order guiding center Lagrangian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PUBLISHED VERSION Equivalence of two independent calculations of the higher order guiding center 2014, pp.104506 and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4897317 #12;Equivalence of two conversion Phys. Plasmas 14, 082102 (2007); 10.1063/1.2748051 Equivalence of higherorder Lagrangians. II

  13. The Effective Theory of Borel Equivalence Relations Ekaterina B. Fokina Sy-David Friedman Asger Tornquist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Effective Theory of Borel Equivalence Relations Ekaterina B. Fokina Sy-David Friedman Asger T¨ornquist June 16, 2009 Abstract The study of Borel equivalence relations under Borel reducibility has developed-Kechris-Louveau ([5]) show that with respect to Borel reducibility, any Borel equivalence relation strictly above

  14. On full groups of non ergodic probability measure preserving equivalence relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    On full groups of non ergodic probability measure preserving equivalence relations François Le the topological rank of the full group of an aperiodic pmp equivalence relation to the cost of its ergodic property for full groups of aperiodic equivalence relations, and find a connected metric for which

  15. The Equivalence Problem of Multitape Finite Tero Harju and Juhani Karhumaki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harju, Tero

    The Equivalence Problem of Multitape Finite Automata Tero Harju and Juhani Karhum¨aki Deptartment we solve a long standing open problem in automata theory, namely, the equivalence problem for the multiplicity equivalence of finite automata over conservative monoids embeddable in a fully ordered group. 1

  16. Asymptotic equivalence for time continuous additive processes and their discrete counterpart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Asymptotic equivalence for time continuous additive processes and their discrete counterpart Pierre the global asymptotic equivalence between a pure jumps Lévy process with unknown Lévy measure and a sequence equivalence, Lévy processes, additive processes, non-parametric regression. AMS 2010 subject classification

  17. Asymptotic equivalence of jumps Lvy processes and their discrete counterpart Pierre tora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Asymptotic equivalence of jumps Lévy processes and their discrete counterpart Pierre Étoréa , Sana.Mariucci@imag.fr Abstract We establish the global asymptotic equivalence between a pure jumps Lévy process {Xt} on the time Poisson independent random variables with parameters linked with the Lévy measure . The equivalence result

  18. ParaView at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeeding access toTestPhysics LabInterconnection RiskMarch StudyParaView

  19. Chisolm View | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.png El CER esDataset Country ChileDialogue,China:Chisolm View

  20. Quantum Equivalence and Quantum Signatures in Heat Engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raam Uzdin; Amikam Levy; Ronnie Kosloff

    2015-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum heat engines (QHE) are thermal machines where the working substance is quantum. In the extreme case the working medium can be a single particle or a few level quantum system. The study of QHE has shown a remarkable similarity with the standard thermodynamical models, thus raising the issue what is quantum in quantum thermodynamics. Our main result is thermodynamical equivalence of all engine type in the quantum regime of small action. They have the same power, the same heat, the same efficiency, and they even have the same relaxation rates and relaxation modes. Furthermore, it is shown that QHE have quantum-thermodynamic signature, i.e thermodynamic measurements can confirm the presence of quantum coherence in the device. The coherent work extraction mechanism enables power outputs that greatly exceed the power of stochastic (dephased) engines.

  1. Topographic Effects on Ambient Dose Equivalent Rates from Radiocesium Fallout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malins, Alex; Machida, Masahiko; Saito, Kimiaki

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Land topography can affect air radiation dose rates by locating radiation sources closer to, or further, from detector locations when compared to perfectly flat terrain. Hills and slopes can also shield against the propagation of gamma rays. To understand the possible magnitude of topographic effects on air dose rates, this study presents calculations for ambient dose equivalent rates at a range of heights above the ground for varying land topographies. The geometries considered were angled ground at the intersection of two planar surfaces, which is a model for slopes neighboring flat land, and a simple conical geometry, representing settings from hilltops to valley bottoms. In each case the radiation source was radioactive cesium fallout, and the slope angle was varied systematically to determine the effect of topography on the air dose rate. Under the assumption of homogeneous fallout across the land surface, and for these geometries and detector locations, the dose rates at high altitudes are more strongly...

  2. Classification of Ding's Schubert Varieties: Finer Rook Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Develin, Mike; Martin, Jeremy L.; Reiner, Victor

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Joichi and White [8] re-proved this result by showing that B\\ and Bfl are rook- equivalent if and only if the multisets of integers {A; - i}"=1 and {/i; - i} ?=1 coincide. Received by the editors August 24, 2004. This work was completed while the first... if this occurs (i.e., if A^ = fc for some k), and zWe- composable otherwise. For example, the partition A = (5,5, 5,6,6, 6,8,9) shown in Figure 1 is decomposable since A6 = 6. In this case, one has A(1) = (5, 5,5,6,6) and A(2) = (2,3), as shown in the figure...

  3. On the Equivalence Principle and Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trzetrzelewski, Maciej

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consider an observer surrounded by a charged, conducting elevator (assume that the charge is isolated from the observer). In the presence of the external electric field the elevator will accelerate however, due to the screening effect, the observer will not be able to detect any electromagnetic field. According to the equivalence principle, the observer may identify the cause of the acceleration with the external gravitational field. However the elevator's motion is given by Lorentz-force equation. Therefore there should exist a metric, depending on electromagnetic potential, for which the geodesics coincide with the trajectories of the charged body in the electromagnetic field. We give a solution to this problem by finding such metric. In doing so one must impose a constraint on the electromagnetic field in a certain way. That constraint turns out to be achievable by marginal gauge transformations whose phase is closely related to the Hamilton-Jacobi function. Finally we show that for weak fields the Einstei...

  4. Total effective dose equivalent associated with fixed uranium surface contamination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bogard, J.S.; Hamm, R.N.; Ashley, J.C.; Turner, J.E.; England, C.A.; Swenson, D.E.; Brown, K.S.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the technical basis for establishing a uranium fixed-contamination action level, a fixed uranium surface contamination level exceeding the total radioactivity values of Appendix D of Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, part 835 (10CFR835), but below which the monitoring, posting, and control requirements for Radiological Areas are not required for the area of the contamination. An area of fixed uranium contamination between 1,000 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} and that level corresponding to an annual total effective dose equivalent (TEDE) of 100 mrem requires only routine monitoring, posting to alert personnel of the contamination, and administrative control. The more extensive requirements for monitoring, posting, and control designated by 10CFR835 for Radiological Areas do not have to be applied for these intermediate fixed-contamination levels.

  5. The impact of equivalence ratio oscillations on combustion dynamics in a backward-facing step combustor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murat Altay, H.; Speth, Raymond L.; Hudgins, Duane E.; Ghoniem, Ahmed F. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The combustion dynamics of propane-air flames are investigated in an atmospheric pressure, atmospheric inlet temperature, lean, premixed backward-facing step combustor. We modify the location of the fuel injector to examine the impact of equivalence ratio oscillations arriving at the flame on the combustion dynamics. Simultaneous pressure, velocity, heat-release rate and equivalence ratio measurements and high-speed video from the experiments are used to identify and characterize several distinct operating modes. When the fuel is injected far upstream from the step, the equivalence ratio arriving at the flame is steady and the combustion dynamics are controlled only by flame-vortex interactions. In this case, different dynamic regimes are observed depending on the operating parameters. When the fuel is injected close to the step, the equivalence ratio arriving at the flame exhibits oscillations. In the presence of equivalence ratio oscillations, the measured sound pressure level is significant across the entire range of lean mean equivalence ratios even if the equivalence ratio oscillations arriving at the flame are out-of-phase with the pressure oscillations. The combustion dynamics are governed primarily by the flame-vortex interactions, while the equivalence ratio oscillations have secondary effects. The equivalence ratio oscillations could generate variations in the combustion dynamics in each cycle under some operating conditions, destabilize the flame at the entire range of the lean equivalence ratios, and increase the value of the mean equivalence ratio at the lean blowout limit. (author)

  6. Better Buildings Network View | March 2015 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Better Buildings Network View | March 2015 Better Buildings Network View | March 2015 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's...

  7. The Better Buildings Neighborhood View -- December 2013 | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The Better Buildings Neighborhood View -- December 2013 The Better Buildings Neighborhood View -- December 2013 The Better Buildings Neighborhood View monthly newsletter from the...

  8. Better Buildings Network View | November 2014 | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    November 2014 More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Network View | July-August 2014 Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 Better Buildings Network View | January...

  9. The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - August 2012 | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - August 2012 The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - August 2012 The Better Buildings Neighborhood View monthly newsletter from the U.S....

  10. Cosmology: a bird's eye view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan A. Coley; Sigbjorn Hervik; Woei Chet Lim

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this essay we discuss the difference in views of the Universe as seen by two different observers. While one of the observers follows a geodesic congruence defined by the geometry of the cosmological model, the other observer follows the fluid flow lines of a perfect fluid with a linear equation of state. We point out that the information these observers collect regarding the state of the Universe can be radically different; while one observes a non-inflating ever-expanding ever-lasting universe, the other observer can experience a dynamical behaviour reminiscent to that of quintessence or even that of a phantom cosmology leading to a 'big rip' singularity within finite time (but without the need for exotic forms of matter).

  11. Optical Anisotropy of Schwarzschild Metric within Equivalent Medium Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sina Khorasani; Bizhan Rashidian

    2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    It is has been long known that the curved space in the presence of gravitation can be described as a non-homogeneous anisotropic medium in flat geometry with different constitutive equations. In this article, we show that the eigenpolarizations of such medium can be exactly solved, leading to a pseudo-isotropic description of curved vacuum with two refractive index eigenvalues having opposite signs, which correspond to forward and backward travel in time. We conclude that for a rotating universe, time-reversal symmetry is broken. We also demonstrate the applicability of this method to Schwarzschild metric and derive exact forms of refractive index. We derive the subtle optical anisotropy of space around a spherically symmetric, non-rotating and uncharged blackhole in the form of an elegant closed form expression, and show that the refractive index in such a pseudo-isotropic system would be a function of coordinates as well as the direction of propagation. Corrections arising from such anisotropy in the bending of light are shown and a simplified system of equations for ray-tracing in the equivalent medium of Schwarzschild metric is found.

  12. The dependence of chemistry on the inlet equivalence ratio in vortex-flame interactions [Printed LBNL report with title: The effect of stoichiometry on vortex flame interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tonse, Shaheen R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    strongly affected by fuel equivalence ratio, (j>. We compareextremely sensitive to equivalence ratio. For cases w i t hacross a broad range of equivalence ratios. The model also

  13. Better Buildings Network View | May 2014 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    May 2014 More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Network View | July-August 2014 Better Buildings Network View | June...

  14. On the Equivalence of Linear Programming Problems and Zero-Sum ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilan Adler

    2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 18, 2010 ... Abstract: In 1951, Dantzig showed the equivalence of linear programming and two-person zero-sum games. However, in the description of his ...

  15. [Semantic equivalence of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the "Body Change Inventory"].

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conti, MA; Ferreira, ME; Amaral, AC; Hearst, N; Cordás, TA; Scagliusi, FB

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    portugués do “Body Change Inventory” Semantic Equivalence ofof the “Body Change Inventory” Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira 1tion of the Body Change Inventory: An assessment instrument

  16. The Eective Theory of Borel Equivalence Relations Joint work with Katia Fokina and Asger Trnquist (postdocs at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Eective Theory of Borel Equivalence Relations Joint work with Katia Fokina and Asger Törnquist s}, s : n for some nite n If E and F are Borel equivalence relations on the reals then E is Borel and transitive E B F i E B F and F B E (equivalence relation) [E]B = the equivalence class of E under B Object

  17. MyRED Mobiles Student Views

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    tap on Shopping Cart, then select term. Tap on Class Search to find courses to place in your shoppingMyRED Mobiles Student Views Mar 2014 Page 1 Login/Sign-in Enter your MyRED /TrueYou credentials. Tap on any Term bar to view a schedule for the selected term. Home Screen/Main Menu Class Schedule

  18. Groundwater Modeling in ArcView: by integrating ArcView, MODFLOW and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sengupta, Raja

    Groundwater Modeling in ArcView: by integrating ArcView, MODFLOW and MODPATH Abstract Modeling. This paper addresses groundwater modeling which is one of the many entities in environmental modeling in ArcView 3.2a. The objective was to create an integrated system where a user could do groundwater

  19. Honors Enrichment Contracts Faculty View Page 1 Honors Enrichment Contracts Faculty View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honors Enrichment Contracts ­ Faculty View Page 1 Honors Enrichment Contracts ­ Faculty View INITIAL APPROVAL #12;Honors Enrichment Contracts ­ Faculty View Page 2 Summary This document contains information about how to make initial and final decisions on Honors Enrichment Contracts submitted by honors

  20. Mechanically equivalent elastic-plastic deformations and the problem of plastic spin David J. Steigmann1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mechanically equivalent elastic-plastic deformations and the problem of plastic spin David J author to receive correspondence (steigman@me.berkeley.edu) Abstract: The problem of plastic spin is phrased in terms of a notion of mechanical equivalence among local relaxed configurations of an elastic/plastic

  1. Power-system dynamic equivalents:coherency recognition via the rate of change of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    .F.I.M.A. Indexing terms: Power systems and plant, Simulation, Time-varying parameters, Dynamic equivalents AbstractPower-system dynamic equivalents:coherency recognition via the rate of change of kinetic energy H of sections of a power system, its main drawback being the extensive computation times required to recognise

  2. And-Invert-Graphs (AIGs) for Equivalence Verification, SAT Modulo Theory (SMT) Solvers, and the Motivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalla, Priyank

    And-Invert-Graphs (AIGs) for Equivalence Verification, SAT Modulo Theory (SMT) Solvers-learning Key idea: identify internal structural equivalences P. Kalla (Univ. of Utah) AIGs, SMT, Algebra of transformations Verification = reverse these transformations? Kind of... P. Kalla (Univ. of Utah) AIGs, SMT

  3. Chemiluminescence-based multivariate sensing of local equivalence ratios in premixed atmospheric methane-air flames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tripathi, Markandey M.; Krishnan, Sundar R.; Srinivasan, Kalyan K.; Yueh, Fang-Yu; Singh, Jagdish P.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemiluminescence emissions from OH*, CH*, C2, and CO2 formed within the reaction zone of premixed flames depend upon the fuel-air equivalence ratio in the burning mixture. In the present paper, a new partial least square regression (PLS-R) based multivariate sensing methodology is investigated and compared with an OH*/CH* intensity ratio-based calibration model for sensing equivalence ratio in atmospheric methane-air premixed flames. Five replications of spectral data at nine different equivalence ratios ranging from 0.73 to 1.48 were used in the calibration of both models. During model development, the PLS-R model was initially validated with the calibration data set using the leave-one-out cross validation technique. Since the PLS-R model used the entire raw spectral intensities, it did not need the nonlinear background subtraction of CO2 emission that is required for typical OH*/CH* intensity ratio calibrations. An unbiased spectral data set (not used in the PLS-R model development), for 28 different equivalence ratio conditions ranging from 0.71 to 1.67, was used to predict equivalence ratios using the PLS-R and the intensity ratio calibration models. It was found that the equivalence ratios predicted with the PLS-R based multivariate calibration model matched the experimentally measured equivalence ratios within 7%; whereas, the OH*/CH* intensity ratio calibration grossly underpredicted equivalence ratios in comparison to measured equivalence ratios, especially under rich conditions ( > 1.2). The practical implications of the chemiluminescence-based multivariate equivalence ratio sensing methodology are also discussed.

  4. A view-sequential 3D display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cossairt, Oliver S. (Oliver Strider), 1978-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis outlines the various techniques for creating electronic 3D displays and analyzes their commercial potential. The thesis argues for the use of view-sequential techniques in the design of 3D displays based on ...

  5. California's Energy Future - The View to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    carbon capture and storage, especially as a technology thatCarbon capture and sequestration CCST California Council on Science and Technologytechnology California’s Energy Future - The View to 2050 becomes available. ? ? Fossil fuel with carbon capture

  6. The new option view of investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixit, Avinash K.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a simple introduction to the new option view of investment. We explain the shortcomings of the orthodox theory, and then outline the basic ideas behind the option framework. Several industry examples ...

  7. JOBAID-VIEWING AN EMPLOYEE MATRIX (SUPERVISOR)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of this job aid is to guide supervisor users through the step-by-step process of viewing an employee matrix within SuccessFactors Learning.

  8. Incorporating video into Google Mobile Street View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Christina (Christina E.)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile Street View is a compelling application but suffers from significant latency problems, especially in limited bandwidth circumstances. Currently, the application uses static images to display street level information. ...

  9. Jefferson and Hamilton as viewed by historians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jungmeyer, Paul Edward

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JEFFERSON AND HAMILTON AS VIEHED BY HISTORIANS A Thesis Paul Edward Jungmeyer Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in ' partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August, 1970 Major Subject...: History JEFFERSON AND HAMILTON AS VIEWED BY HISTORIANS A Thesis by Paul Edward Jungmeyer Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee d i~) (Member) (M er) August, 1970 ABSTRACT JEFFERSON AND HAMILTON AS VIEWED BY HISTORIANS...

  10. Periodic equivalence ratio modulation method and apparatus for controlling combustion instability

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Richards, George A. (Morgantown, WV); Janus, Michael C. (Baltimore, MD); Griffith, Richard A. (Morgantown, WV)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) method and apparatus significantly reduces and/or eliminates unstable conditions within a combustion chamber. The method involves modulating the equivalence ratio for the combustion device, such that the combustion device periodically operates outside of an identified unstable oscillation region. The equivalence ratio is modulated between preselected reference points, according to the shape of the oscillation region and operating parameters of the system. Preferably, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a first stable condition to a second stable condition, and, alternatively, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a stable condition to an unstable condition. The method is further applicable to multi-nozzle combustor designs, whereby individual nozzles are alternately modulated from stable to unstable conditions. Periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) is accomplished by active control involving periodic, low frequency fuel modulation, whereby low frequency fuel pulses are injected into the main fuel delivery. Importantly, the fuel pulses are injected at a rate so as not to affect the desired time-average equivalence ratio for the combustion device.

  11. An analytical method to calculate equivalent fields to irregular symmetric and asymmetric photon fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tahmasebi Birgani, Mohamad J. [Department of Radiation Therapy, Golestan Hospital, JondiShapour University of Medical Science, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Chegeni, Nahid, E-mail: nchegen@yahoo.com [Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zabihzadeh, Mansoor; Hamzian, Nima [Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalent field is frequently used for central axis depth-dose calculations of rectangular- and irregular-shaped photon beams. As most of the proposed models to calculate the equivalent square field are dosimetry based, a simple physical-based method to calculate the equivalent square field size was used as the basis of this study. The table of the sides of the equivalent square or rectangular fields was constructed and then compared with the well-known tables by BJR and Venselaar, et al. with the average relative error percentage of 2.5 ± 2.5% and 1.5 ± 1.5%, respectively. To evaluate the accuracy of this method, the percentage depth doses (PDDs) were measured for some special irregular symmetric and asymmetric treatment fields and their equivalent squares for Siemens Primus Plus linear accelerator for both energies, 6 and 18 MV. The mean relative differences of PDDs measurement for these fields and their equivalent square was approximately 1% or less. As a result, this method can be employed to calculate equivalent field not only for rectangular fields but also for any irregular symmetric or asymmetric field.

  12. Method for detecting water equivalent of snow using secondary cosmic gamma radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Condreva, K.J.

    1997-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Water equivalent of accumulated snow determination by measurement of secondary background cosmic radiation attenuation by the snowpack. By measuring the attenuation of 3-10 MeV secondary gamma radiation it is possible to determine the water equivalent of snowpack. The apparatus is designed to operate remotely to determine the water equivalent of snow in areas which are difficult or hazardous to access during winter, accumulate the data as a function of time and transmit, by means of an associated telemetry system, the accumulated data back to a central data collection point for analysis. The electronic circuitry is designed so that a battery pack can be used to supply power. 4 figs.

  13. Method for detecting water equivalent of snow using secondary cosmic gamma radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Condreva, Kenneth J. (1420 Fifth St., Livermore, Alameda County, CA 94550)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water equivalent of accumulated snow determination by measurement of secondary background cosmic radiation attenuation by the snowpack. By measuring the attentuation of 3-10 MeV secondary gamma radiation it is possible to determine the water equivalent of snowpack. The apparatus is designed to operate remotely to determine the water equivalent of snow in areas which are difficult or hazardous to access during winter, accumulate the data as a function of time and transmit, by means of an associated telemetry system, the accumulated data back to a central data collection point for analysis. The electronic circuitry is designed so that a battery pack can be used to supply power.

  14. axial view inductively: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    View of Induction Reasoning for First-Order Logic Physics Websites Summary: , The Alan Turing Centenary Conference (2012)" 12;A Unified View of Induction Reasoning for First in...

  15. Residential Windows and Window Coverings: A Detailed View of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Residential Windows and Window Coverings: A Detailed View of the Installed Base and User Behavior Residential Windows and Window Coverings: A Detailed View of the Installed Base...

  16. Better Buildings Network View | April 2014 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    April 2014 More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 Better Buildings Residential Network Orientation Better Buildings Network View | November...

  17. Better Buildings Network View | February 2014 | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    February 2014 Better Buildings Network View | February 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential...

  18. Better Buildings Network View | January 2015 | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    5 More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 Better Buildings Network View | November 2014 Better Buildings Residential Network Orientation...

  19. Better Buildings Network View | June 2014 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    June 2014 Better Buildings Network View | June 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential Network....

  20. Better Buildings Network View | March 2014 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    March 2014 Better Buildings Network View | March 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential...

  1. Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    December 2014 Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential...

  2. Better Buildings Network View | January 2014 | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    4 Better Buildings Network View | January 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential Network....

  3. Better Buildings Network View | October 2014 | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    October 2014 Better Buildings Network View | October 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Residential...

  4. Better Buildings Network View | February 2015 | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    5 More Documents & Publications Better Buildings Network View | November 2014 Better Buildings Network View | September 2014 Better Buildings Residential Network Case Study:...

  5. On the Expression Complexity of Equivalence and Isomorphism of Primitive Positive Formulas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valeriote, Matt

    and existential quantification. The class of primitive positive formulas includes­and is essentially equivalent to in the study of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP), which can be defined #12;as the problem of deciding

  6. On the Expression Complexity of Equivalence and Isomorphism of Primitive Positive Formulas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valeriote, Matt

    and existential quantification. The class of primitive positive formulas includes­and is essentially equivalent to in the study of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP), which can be defined Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings

  7. *can substitute CSE 131 & ESE 101 or equivalent Updated September 2014 Mechanical Engineering Sample Curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Dynamics and Vibration MEMS 4310 3 Vibration and Machine Elements Lab MEMS 405 2 Intro to Circuits ESE 230*can substitute CSE 131 & ESE 101 or equivalent Updated September 2014 Mechanical Engineering

  8. *can substitute CSE 131 & ESE 101 or equivalent Updated May 2014 Mechanical Engineering Sample Curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Modeling Simulation and Control MEMS 4301 3 Structural Dynamics and Vibration MEMS 431 4 Intro to Circuits*can substitute CSE 131 & ESE 101 or equivalent Updated May 2014 Mechanical Engineering Sample

  9. An Equivalent Network for Load-Flow Analysis of Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Merion Luke

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN EQUIVALENT NETWORK FOR LOAD-FLOW ANALYSIS OF POWER SYSTEMS A Thesis by Meri on L. Johnson Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partihl fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  10. Design of oversampling current steering DAC with 640MHz equivalent clock frequency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Yunyoung

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DESIGN OF OVERSAMPLING CURRENT STEERING DAC WITH 640MHZ EQUIVALENT CLOCK FREQUENCY A Thesis by YUNYOUNG CHOI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2002 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering DESIGN OF OVERSAMPLING CURRENT STEERING DAC WITH 640MHZ EQUIVALENT CLOCK FREQUENCY A Thesis by YUNYOUNG CHOI Submitted to Texas A8rM University in partial fulfillment...

  11. Test of Special Relativity and Equivalence Principle from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. V. Klapdor--Kleingrothaus; H. Päs; U. Sarkar

    1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We generalize the formalism for testing Lorentz invariance and the equivalence principle in the neutrino sector. While neutrino oscillation bounds constrain the region of large mixing of the the weak and gravitational eigenstates, we obtain new constraints on violations of Lorentz invariance and the equivalence principle from neutrinoless double beta decay. These bounds apply even in the case of no mixing and thus probe a totally unconstrained region in the parameter space.

  12. Math 290 -Class Activity Assignment 17 November 4, 2014 Part I. A short lecture was given on equivalence relations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singman, David

    on equivalence relations. Part II. Work on the following problems at the board so that Robert and I can comeRy provided xy = -1 or xy = 1. (a) Write a formal proof that R is an equivalence relation on A. (b) Find each of the equivalence classes 1/R, -1/R, i/R, and -i/R. (c) How many different equivalence classes are there? Is every

  13. Myhill-Nerode Handout Definition. An equivalence relation E on strings is right invariant iff concatenating a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Edmund M.

    a right-invariant equivalence relation E (on , for a given ) of finite index. Let S be the (finite) set

  14. Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science DMTCS vol. 13:4, 2011, 2332 The extended equivalence and equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    equivalence and equation solvability problems for groups Gábor Horváth1 and Csaba Szabó2 1 Institute. We prove that the extended equivalence problem is solvable in polynomial time for finite nilpotent, extended equation solvability, extended equivalence, groups 1 Introduction The algorithmic aspects

  15. ccsd-00001492,version1-27Apr2004 THE CORANK IS INVARIANT UNDER BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ccsd-00001492,version1-27Apr2004 THE CORANK IS INVARIANT UNDER BLOW-NASH EQUIVALENCE GOULWEN FICHOU-analytic equivalence between real analytic function germs? We give a partial positive answer in the particular case of the blow-Nash equivalence. The proof is based on the computation of some virtual Poincar´e polynomials

  16. Dual energy CT-based characterization of x-ray attenuation properties of breast equivalent material plates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Dual energy CT-based characterization of x-ray attenuation properties of breast equivalent material of the same nominal breast density equivalence (+ 1.5 HU). In addition, dual energy CT provided mono equivalent material, breast density, attenuation properties, linear attenuation coefficients, dual energy CT

  17. Measurements using tangentially viewing bolometers on TFTR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bush, C.E.; Schivell, J.; Budny, R.; Ellis R.A. III; Goldston, R.J.; McCune, D.; Medley, S.S.; Scott, S.D.; Towner, H.H.; Wieland, R.M.; and others

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co- and counter-viewing bolometers aimed along a common tangency chord are being used to study power losses due to charge exchange (CX) of fast ions in neutral beam injection (NBI) heated TFTR plasmas. For unidirectional injection, tangential bolometers oriented to view CX loss of circulating fast ions detect losses from the thermal target plasma (impurity radiation and CX) plus power due to the fast ion CX loss, whereas bolometers oppositely directed measure only the target plasma contribution. The difference between the two signals is a measure of the fast ion CX loss. Additional information is obtained by comparing the tangential bolometer signals with those of perpendicularly viewing bolometer monitors and arrays. The measurements are compared to results of the TRANSP code analysis.

  18. BLUE VIEW VISION INSIGHT! Good news--your vision plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    WELCOME TO BLUE VIEW VISION INSIGHT! Good news--your vision plan is flexible and easy to use, your discounts, and much more! Blue View Vision InsightSM University of California Student Health Insurance Plan (UC SHIP) 2013/14 Your Blue View Vision Insight Network Blue View Vision Insight offers you

  19. BLUE VIEW VISION INSIGHT! Good news--your vision plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    WELCOME TO BLUE VIEW VISION INSIGHT! Good news--your vision plan is flexible and easy to use, your discounts, and much more! Blue View Vision InsightSM University of California Student Health Insurance Plan (UC SHIP) 2012/13 Your Blue View Vision Insight Network Blue View Vision Insight offers you

  20. Project Title: Older People's View of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    /AGECONCERN/10/NP Age Concern Canterbury provides support for older people, many of whom face loneliness, lowProject Title: Older People's View of Community Support Bachelor of Arts Internship Company information, support and advocacy, to enable older people in Canterbury to have real choices". (http

  1. CITY OF MOUNTAIN VIEW April 12, 2011 .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ordinance ordinance? Projected effective date: September 1, 2011 Green building or stand-alone energy Energy Ordinance in Combination with Green Building ordinance? Do minimum energy requirements increase No afterCITY OF MOUNTAIN VIEW April 12, 2011 . CaUfomia Energy Commission Attn: Joe Loyer 1516 Ninth

  2. Friction in full view A. P. Merklea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Laurence D.

    Friction in full view A. P. Merklea and L. D. Marksb Materials Science and Engineering proposed friction mechanisms explaining the unique tribological properties of graphite. Wear of graphite chemical or struc- tural information from the interface during a friction experi- ment. Examples

  3. INVESTIGATION Retrospective View of North American Potato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    INVESTIGATION Retrospective View of North American Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Breeding in the 20, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706 ABSTRACT Cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), a vegetatively propagated explore the effects of potato breeding at the genome level, we used 8303 single-nucleotide polymorphism

  4. Derivation of Accident-Specific Material-at-Risk Equivalency Factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jason P. Andrus; Dr. Chad L. Pope

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel method for calculating material at risk (MAR) dose equivalency developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) now allows for increased utilization of dose equivalency for facility MAR control. This method involves near-real time accounting for the use of accident and material specific release and transport. It utilizes all information from the committed effective dose equation and the five factor source term equation to derive dose equivalency factors which can be used to establish an overall facility or process MAR limit. The equivalency factors allow different nuclide spectrums to be compared for their respective dose consequences by relating them to a specific quantity of an identified reference nuclide. The ability to compare spectrums to a reference limit ensures that MAR limits are in fact bounding instead of attempting to establish a representative or bounding spectrum which may lead to unintended or unanalyzed configurations. This methodology is then coupled with a near real time material tracking system which allows for accurate and timely material composition information and corresponding MAR equivalency values. The development of this approach was driven by the complex nature of processing operations in some INL facilities. This type of approach is ideally suited for facilities and processes where the composition of the MAR and possible release mechanisms change frequently but in well defined fashions and in a batch-type nature.

  5. The equivalence theorem in the generalized gravity of f(R)-type and canonical quantization II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasuo Ezawa; Yoshiaki Ohkuwa

    2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We first review the equivalence theorem of the f(R)-type gravity to Einstein gravity with a scalar field by deriving it in a self-contained and pedagogical way. Then we describe the problem of to what extent the equivalence holds. Main problems are (i) Is the surface term given by Gibbons and Hawking which is necessary in Einstein gravity also necessary in the f(R)-type gravity? (ii) Does the equivalence hold also in quantum theory? (iii) Which metric is physical, i.e., which metric should be identified with the observed one? In this work, we clarify the problem (i) and review the problem (ii) in a canonical formalism which is the generalization of the Ostrogradski one. We briefly comment on the problem (iii). Some discussions are given on one of the results of (ii) concerning the general relativity in non-commutative spacetime.

  6. Variational equivalence between Ginzburg-Landau, XY spin systems and screw dislocations energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Alicandro; M. Cicalese; M. Ponsiglione

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce and discuss discrete two-dimensional models for XY spin systems and screw dislocations in crystals. We prove that, as the lattice spacing $\\e$ tends to zero, the relevant energies in these models behave like a free energy in the complex Ginzburg-Landau theory of superconductivity, justifying in a rigorous mathematical language the analogies between screw dislocations in crystals and vortices in superconductors. To this purpose, we introduce a notion of asymptotic variational equivalence between families of functionals in the framework of $\\Gamma$-convergence. We then prove that, in several scaling regimes, the complex Ginzburg-Landau, the XY spin system and the screw dislocation energy functionals are variationally equivalent. Exploiting such an equivalence between dislocations and vortices, we can show new results concerning the asymptotic behavior of screw dislocations in the $|\\log\\e|^2$ energetic regime.

  7. Parameterized algorithms for quantitative differentials in spectrally equivalent medical diagnostic x-ray beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okunade, Akintunde Akangbe [Department of Physics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State (Nigeria)

    2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Qualitative and quantitative equivalence of spectra transmitted by two different elemental filters require a good match in terms of shape and size over the entire energy range of 0-150 keV used in medical diagnostic radiology. However, the photoelectric absorptions and Compton scattering involved in the interaction of x rays with matter at these relatively low photon energies differ in a nonuniform manner with energy and atomic number. By careful choice of thicknesses for filter materials with an atomic number between 12 and 39, when compared with aluminum, it is possible to obtain transmitted beams of the same shape (quality) but not of the same size (quantity). In this paper, calculations have been carried out for the matching of the shapes and sizes of beams transmitted through specified thicknesses of aluminium filter and spectrally equivalent thicknesses of other filter materials (different from aluminium) using FORTRAN source codes traceable to the American Association of Physics in Medicine (AAPM), College Park, MD, USA. Parametrized algorithms for the evaluation of quantitative differentials (deficit or surplus) in radiation output (namely, photon fluence, exposure, kerma, energy imparted, absorbed dose, and effective dose) from these transmitted spectrally equivalent beams were developed. These differentials range between 1%, and 4% at 1 mm Al filtration and between 8%, and 25% for filtration of 6 mm Al for different filter materials in comparison with aluminum. Also developed were models for factors for converting measures of photon fluence, exposure-area product, (EAP), and kerma-area product (KAP) to risk related quantities such as energy imparted, absorbed dose, and effective dose from the spectrally equivalent beams. The thicknesses of other filter materials that are spectrally equivalent to given thicknesses of aluminum filter were characterized using polynomial functions. The fact that the use of equivalent spectra in radiological practice can provide means of ranking the differentials in radiographic image quality and stochastic risk is discussed.

  8. Lab 9 LabVIEW and GPIB LabVIEW (National Instruments)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glashausser, Charles

    Automatic data acquisition DAC 01010 Actuator, Heater... control Power amplifiers LabVIEW GPIB GPIB #12 Toolbar Retain Wire Values Button Step Function Buttons #12;Block Diagram Window Front Panel Window

  9. How many invariant polynomials are needed to decide local unitary equivalence of qubit states?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maci??ek, Tomasz [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland) [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland); Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Ho?a 69, 00-681 Warszawa (Poland); Oszmaniec, Micha? [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland)] [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland); Sawicki, Adam [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland) [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland); School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW (United Kingdom)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Given L-qubit states with the fixed spectra of reduced one-qubit density matrices, we find a formula for the minimal number of invariant polynomials needed for solving local unitary (LU) equivalence problem, that is, problem of deciding if two states can be connected by local unitary operations. Interestingly, this number is not the same for every collection of the spectra. Some spectra require less polynomials to solve LU equivalence problem than others. The result is obtained using geometric methods, i.e., by calculating the dimensions of reduced spaces, stemming from the symplectic reduction procedure.

  10. View of software for HEP experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnstad, H.; Lebrun, P.; Lessner, E.S.; Montgomery, H.E.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A view of the software structure typical of a High Energy Physics experiment is given and the availability of general software modules in most of the important regions is discussed. The aim is to provide a framework for discussion of capabilities and inadequecies and thereby define areas where effort should be assigned and perhaps also to serve as a useful source document for the newcomer to High Energy Physics. 74 refs.

  11. On Topological Equivalence of Linear Flows with Applications to Bilinear Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colonius, Fritz

    On Topological Equivalence of Linear Flows with Applications to Bilinear Control Systems Victor theory for general linear ows. One of our main motivations comes from bilinear control systems, which This paper classi...es continuous linear ows using concepts and tech- niques from topological dynamics. Speci

  12. Equivalence of Control Systems with Linear Systems on Lie Groups and Homogeneous Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Equivalence of Control Systems with Linear Systems on Lie Groups and Homogeneous Spaces Philippe of geometric control theory arguments. Keywords: Lie groups; Homogeneous spaces; Linear systems; Com- plete JOUAN 28th November 2008 Abstract The aim of this paper is to prove that a control affine system

  13. CARTESIAN CLOSED 2-CATEGORIES AND PERMUTATION EQUIVALENCE IN HIGHER-ORDER REWRITING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is the notion of permutation equivalence, which was generalised to the higher-order case by Bruggink [1]. He constructs a cartesian closed 2-category, whose 2-cells are Bruggink's proof terms modulo permutation closed 2-signatures are a 2-dimensional refinement of cartesian closed sketches [16, 4, 9]. Bruggink

  14. University of South Australia Go8 Foundation Studies Programs Entry Equivalences Code Academic Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayer, Wolfgang

    University of South Australia Go8 Foundation Studies Programs Entry Equivalences Code Academic Studies Program Western Australian Universities Foundation Studies Program University of Queensland.8 55 6 LBIF Bachelor of Engineering (Electrcal and Renewable Energy Systems) Y 75 74 67 285 72 6

  15. The equivalence principle and the relative velocity of local inertial frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Shojai; A. Shojai

    2015-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we explicitly show that in general relativity, the relative velocity of two local inertial frames is always less than the velocity of light. This fact is a by-product of the equivalence principle. The general result is then illustrated within two examples, the FLRW cosmological model and the Schwarzschild metric.

  16. Creating dynamic equivalent PV circuit models with impedance spectroscopy for arc-fault modeling.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Jay Dean; Kuszmaul, Scott S.; Strauch, Jason E.; Schoenwald, David Alan

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Article 690.11 in the 2011 National Electrical Code{reg_sign} (NEC{reg_sign}) requires new photovoltaic (PV) systems on or penetrating a building to include a listed arc fault protection device. Currently there is little experimental or empirical research into the behavior of the arcing frequencies through PV components despite the potential for modules and other PV components to filter or attenuate arcing signatures that could render the arc detector ineffective. To model AC arcing signal propagation along PV strings, the well-studied DC diode models were found to inadequately capture the behavior of high frequency arcing signals. Instead dynamic equivalent circuit models of PV modules were required to describe the impedance for alternating currents in modules. The nonlinearities present in PV cells resulting from irradiance, temperature, frequency, and bias voltage variations make modeling these systems challenging. Linearized dynamic equivalent circuits were created for multiple PV module manufacturers and module technologies. The equivalent resistances and capacitances for the modules were determined using impedance spectroscopy with no bias voltage and no irradiance. The equivalent circuit model was employed to evaluate modules having irradiance conditions that could not be measured directly with the instrumentation. Although there was a wide range of circuit component values, the complex impedance model does not predict filtering of arc fault frequencies in PV strings for any irradiance level. Experimental results with no irradiance agree with the model and show nearly no attenuation for 1 Hz to 100 kHz input frequencies.

  17. Wave-Based Sound Propagation in Large Open Scenes using an Equivalent Source Formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Wave-Based Sound Propagation in Large Open Scenes using an Equivalent Source Formulation RAVISH We present a novel approach for wave-based sound propagation suitable for large, open spaces spanning or simulation systems, present a significant chal- lenge for interactive, wave-based sound propagation

  18. On Enumeration of Polynomial Equivalence Classes and Their Application to MPKC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . These problems are equivalent to finding the scale of the key space of a multivariate cryptosystem and the total and the potential capability of MPKC. We also consider their applications in the analysis of a specific multivariate number of different multivariate cryptographic schemes respectively, which might impact the security

  19. An equivalent circuit for the Brushless Doubly Fed Machine (BDFM) including parameter estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    are presented. The machine is intended for use as a variable speed generator, or drive. A per phase equivalent generator for wind turbines, although the benefits of the BDFM for variable speed drives have also been of operation in a doubly- fed mode, in which the shaft speed has a fixed relationship to the two excitation

  20. Lanthanum silicate gate dielectric stacks with subnanometer equivalent oxide thickness utilizing an interfacial silica consumption reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    Lanthanum silicate gate dielectric stacks with subnanometer equivalent oxide thickness utilizing-8087 Received 13 April 2005; accepted 6 June 2005; published online 26 July 2005 A silicate reaction between process route to interface elimination, while producing a silicate dielectric with a higher temperature

  1. Characterizing motion contour detection mechanisms and equivalent mechanisms in the luminance domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanker, Johannes M.

    Characterizing motion contour detection mechanisms and equivalent mechanisms in the luminance with sparsely defined luminance Gabor patterns and found similar results, but only at low sampling densities. The nature of the information and the strength of the signal influence the properties of luminance contour

  2. Evaluation of Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings Xinzhong Chen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kareem, Ahsan

    Evaluation of Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings Xinzhong Chen1 and Ahsan Kareem2 1 Professor of Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA, kareem@nd.edu ABSTRACT Wind loads or by high frequency force balance (HFFB) measurements. Although this loading infor- mation can be directly

  3. Equivalence of the Fleming-Viot and Look-down models of Muller's ratchet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Equivalence of the Fleming-Viot and Look-down models of Muller's ratchet Julien Audiffren Abstract We consider Muller's ratchet Fleming-Viot model with compensatory mu- tations, which is an infinite to the previous Muller's ratchet model. Keywords : Muller's ratchet, Fleming-Viot, Look-down, Tightness, SDEs

  4. Modeling proton intensity gradients and radiation dose equivalents in the inner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pringle, James "Jamie"

    Modeling proton intensity gradients and radiation dose equivalents in the inner heliosphere using exposure in IP space. In this paper, we utilize EMMREM to study the radial dependence of proton peak crossfield diffusion at large radial distances. Our results show that radial dependencies of proton peak

  5. Thvenin Emitter Circuit The Thvenin equivalent circuit seen looking into the emitter is useful in calculating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leach Jr.,W. Marshall

    voltage ve(oc) to the short-circuit emitter current. The circuit for calculating the short-circuit currentThévenin Emitter Circuit The Thévenin equivalent circuit seen looking into the emitter is useful. With the emitter open circuited, we denote the emitter voltage by ve(oc). The voltage source in the Thévenin

  6. Equivalent hydraulic conductivity of an experimental stratigraphy: Implications for basin-scale flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gable, Carl W.

    Equivalent hydraulic conductivity of an experimental stratigraphy: Implications for basin-scale groundwater flow models are the estimation of representative hydraulic conductivity for the model units. In this study, high-resolution, fully heterogeneous basin-scale hydraulic conductivity map is generated

  7. Capacitive Behavior of HF Power Transformers: Global Approach to Draw Robust Equivalent Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    behavior of all components. Among these components, HF power transformers constitute a special case. EvenCapacitive Behavior of HF Power Transformers: Global Approach to Draw Robust Equivalent Circuits of n-windings HF power transformers. A global approach, mainly based on energy considerations about

  8. Copyright 2013 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: Line Limit Preserving Power System Equivalent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © 2013 IEEE. Reprinted, with permission from: Line Limit Preserving Power System IEEE endorsement of any of the Power Systems Engineering Research Center 's products or services equivalent of a power system is a simplified model of the original system with the ability to preserve some

  9. Creep Prediction Using The Non-Linear Strain Energy Equivalence Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is sustained over a time interval, ti, to the creep strain obtained during a creep test, c . The average stress, , sustained during the stress-strain test is equal to the creep stress, c . ( ) == t t o c dt dtt 0 [1Creep Prediction Using The Non-Linear Strain Energy Equivalence Theory Jennifer K. Lynch, Ph

  10. Simple proof of equivalence between adiabatic quantum computation and the circuit model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ari Mizel; Daniel A. Lidar; Morgan Mitchell

    2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove the equivalence between adiabatic quantum computation and quantum computation in the circuit model. An explicit adiabatic computation procedure is given that generates a ground state from which the answer can be extracted. The amount of time needed is evaluated by computing the gap. We show that the procedure is computationally efficient.

  11. Zero-knowledge Test of Vector Equivalence and Granulation of User Data with Privacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canny, John

    Zero-knowledge Test of Vector Equivalence and Granulation of User Data with Privacy Yitao Duan architecture and practical protocols for user data validation and vector addition based computation. It turned, in a privacy-preserving manner. They can also be of independent interest for other fields such as data mining

  12. eSales Interactive Mapping -Viewing and Printing Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    eSales Interactive Mapping - Viewing and Printing Introduction Our eSales system includes an integrated interactive map facility. This allows you to view and print maps for all lots on offer. Various

  13. Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement: Supplementary Material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement: Supplementary Material Erin Baker Keywords: Biofuels; Technology R&D; Uncertainty; Environmental policy 2 #12;1 Introduction This paper contains supplementary material for "Cellulosic Biofuels: Expert Views on Prospects for Advancement

  14. Better Buildings Network View | July-August 2014 | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    July-August 2014 Better Buildings Network View | July-August 2014 The Better Buildings Network View monthly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings...

  15. Effects of fuel type and equivalence ratios on the flickering of triple flames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sahu, K.B.; Kundu, A.; Ganguly, R.; Datta, A. [Department of Power Engineering, Jadavpur University, Salt Lake Campus, Kolkata 700098 (India)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental study has been conducted in axisymmetric, co-flowing triple flames with different equivalence ratios of the inner and outer reactant streams (2<{phi}{sub in}<3 and 0{<=}{phi}{sub out}<0.7). Different fuel combinations, like propane/propane, propane/methane or methane/methane in the inner and outer streams respectively, have been used in the experiments. The structures of the triple flames have been compared for the different fuel combinations and equivalence ratios. The conditions under which triple flames exhibit oscillation have been identified. During the oscillation, the non-premixed flame and the outer lean premixed flame flicker strongly, while the inner rich premixed flame remains more or less stable. The flickering frequency has been evaluated through image processing and fast Fourier transform (FFT) of the average pixel intensity of the image frames. It is observed that, for all the fuel combinations, the frequency decreases with the increase in the outer equivalence ratio, while it is relatively invariant with the change in the inner equivalence ratio. However, an increase in the inner equivalence ratio affects the structure of the flame by increasing the heights of the inner premixed flame and non-premixed flame and also enlarges the yellow soot-laden zone at the tip of the inner flame. A scaling analysis of the oscillating flames has been performed based on the measured parameters, which show a variation of Strouhal number (St) with Richardson number (Ri) as St {proportional_to} Ri{sup 0.5}. The fuel type is found to have no influence on this correlation. (author)

  16. Alternative Views on Knowledge: Presentation of Open Learner Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull, Susan

    a learner with a graphical view of their Bayesian learner model. STyLE-OLM [2] works with the learner

  17. Loop Quantum Gravity: An Inside View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Thiemann

    2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a (relatively) non -- technical summary of the status of the quantum dynamics in Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG). We explain in detail the historical evolution of the subject and why the results obtained so far are non -- trivial. The present text can be viewed in part as a response to an article by Nicolai, Peeters and Zamaklar [hep-th/0501114]. We also explain why certain no go conclusions drawn from a mathematically correct calculation in a recent paper by Helling et al [hep-th/0409182] are physically incorrect.

  18. Better Buildings Network View, March 2015

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergy Christopher|for1, 20114, 2013Better NewsNetwork View

  19. TotalView | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2, 2003Tool ofTopo II:7.1 7.0 8.04.2 7.6 16.6TotalView

  20. Lake View Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,ILEDSGP/joinHavasuPalmdaleLake View

  1. View from the Bridge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02Report | DepartmentTRUVictor Der About Us VictorView

  2. Equivalence of Glass Transition and Colloidal Glass Transition in the Hard-Sphere Limit Thomas K. Haxton,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weeks, Eric R.

    Equivalence of Glass Transition and Colloidal Glass Transition in the Hard-Sphere Limit Ning Xu,1 that the slowing of the dynamics in simulations of several model glass-forming liquids is equivalent to the hard-sphere glass transition in the low-pressure limit. In this limit, we find universal behavior of the relaxation

  3. Admission's procedure for PhD studies Evaluation of the equivalence of your Master Certificate or Licentiate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    or Licentiate At this point you have already applied online for a PhD of Science at www of science. The equivalence committee evaluates now if your Master Certificate or Licentiate is equivalent of the transcripts of your Bachelor's Degree AND Master's Degree or Licentiate containing credits and grades

  4. Electromagnetic wave propagation in an active medium and the equivalent Schrdinger equation with an energy-dependent complex potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electromagnetic wave propagation in an active medium and the equivalent Schrödinger equation to provide an alternative, but equivalent, representation of plane electromagnetic em wave propagation it oscillates and then decreases exponentially. Thus, for large systems, the wave propagation is suppressed

  5. EMC analysis of static converters by the extraction of a complete equivalent circuit via a dedicated PEEC method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EMC analysis of static converters by the extraction of a complete equivalent circuit via. By coupling these two methods, an equivalent circuit with lumped elements is obtained. Consequently, EMC capacitance effects, is rapidly limited to analyze the EM interactions between subsystems or to draw up EMC

  6. 2012 Damon A. Miller Page 1 of 4 4: Transfer Functions, Parameters, and Equivalent Circuits of Linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Damon A.

    . To experimentally measure and use an equivalent circuit representation for circuit analysis. 8. To improve circuit of Figure 1 to represent the small signal operation (i.e. in the LINEAR region) of the amplifier© 2012 Damon A. Miller Page 1 of 4 4: Transfer Functions, Parameters, and Equivalent Circuits

  7. An insight on the Proof of Orientifold Planar Equivalence on the Lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agostino Patella

    2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In a recent paper, Armoni, Shifman and Veneziano (ASV) gave a formal non-perturbative proof of planar equivalence between the bosonic sectors of SU(N) super Yang-Mills theory and of a gauge theory with a massless quark in the antisymmetric two-indexes representation. In the case of three colors, the latter theory is nothing but one-flavor QCD. Numerical simulations are necessary to test the validity of that proof and to estimate the size of 1/N corrections. As a first step towards numerical simulations, I will give a lattice version of the ASV proof of orientifold planar equivalence in the strong-coupling and large-mass phase.

  8. Breakdown of the equivalence between gravitational mass and energy for a composite quantum body

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei G. Lebed

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The simplest quantum composite body, a hydrogen atom, is considered in the presence of a weak external gravitational field. We define an operator for the passive gravitational mass of the atom in the post-Newtonian approximation of the general relativity and show that it does not commute with its energy operator. Nevertheless, the equivalence between the expectation values of the mass and energy is shown to survive at a macroscopic level for stationary quantum states. Breakdown of the equivalence between passive gravitational mass and energy at a microscopic level for stationary quantum states can be experimentally detected by studying unusual electromagnetic radiation, emitted by the atoms, supported by and moving in the Earth's gravitational field with constant velocity, using spacecraft or satellite

  9. Application of Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulation Equivalency to Construction of New Nuclear Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BISHOP, G.E.

    1999-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Spent Nuclear Fuels Project (SNFP) Office of the Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office, is charged with moving 2.100 metric tons of spent nuclear fuel elements left over from plutonium production into semi-permanent storage at DOE'S Hanford site in Washington state. In anticipation of eventual NRC regulation, the DOE decided to impose NRC requirements on new SNFP facility design and construction, specifically for the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF) and the Canister Storage Building (CSB). The SNFP implemented this policy of ''NRC equivalency'' with the goal of achieving a level of nuclear safety equivalent to that of NRC-licensed fuel processing facilities. Appropriate features of the NRC licensing process were adopted. However, the SNFP maintained applicable DOE requirements in tandem with the NRC regulations. Project work is continuing, with the first fuel movement scheduled for November, 2000.

  10. What are the Hidden Quantum Processes In Einstein's Weak Principle of Equivalence?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostoma, T; Ostoma, Tom; Trushyk, Mike

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a quantum derivation of Einstein's Weak Equivalence Principle (WEP) of general relativity using a new quantum gravity theory proposed by the authors called Electro-Magnetic Quantum Gravity or EMQG (ref. 1). Newtonian Inertia is a property of matter due to the strictly local electrical force interactions contributed by each of the (electrically charged) elementary particles of the mass with the surrounding (electrically charged) virtual particles (virtual masseons) of the quantum vacuum. The sum of all the tiny electrical forces (photon exchanges with the vacuum particles) originating in each charged elementary particle of the accelerated mass is the source of the total inertial force of a mass which opposes accelerated motion in Newton's law 'F = MA'. We found that gravity also involves the same 'inertial' electromagnetic force component that exists in inertial mass. We propose that Einstein's general relativistic Weak Equivalence Principle (WEP) originates from common 'lower level' quantum vacuum ...

  11. The Equivalent Thermal Resistance of Tile Roofs with and without Batten Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clay and concrete tile roofs were installed on a fully instrumented attic test facility operating in East Tennessee s climate. Roof, attic and deck temperatures and heat flows were recorded for each of the tile roofs and also on an adjacent attic cavity covered with a conventionally pigmented and direct-nailed asphalt shingle roof. The data were used to benchmark a computer tool for simulation of roofs and attics and the tool used to develop an approach for computing an equivalent seasonal R-value for sub-tile venting. The approach computed equal heat fluxes through the ceilings of roofs having different combinations of surface radiation properties and or building constructions. A direct nailed shingle roof served as a control for estimating the equivalent thermal resistance of the air space. Simulations were benchmarked to data in the ASHRAE Fundamentals for the thermal resistance of inclined and closed air spaces.

  12. Galactic interstellar abundance surveys with IUE. II. The equivalent widths and column densities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Steenberg, M.E.; Shull, J.M.

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper continues a survey of interstellar densities, abundances, and cloud structure in the Galaxy, using the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) satellite. Equivalent widths of 18 ultraviolet resonance transitions are presented and column densities for Si II, Mn II, Fe II, S II, and Zn II toward 261 early-type stars are derived. These equivalent widths and column densities agree within the stated errors of earlier Copernicus, BUSS, or IUE surveys of Mn II, Fe II, S II, and Zn II for 45 stars in common. The column densities are derived from single-component curves of growth with a common b-value based on that of Fe II and Si II. 63 references.

  13. Gravitational ultrarelativistic spin-orbit interaction and the weak equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman Plyatsko

    2005-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the gravitational ultrarelativistic spin-orbit interaction violates the weak equivalence principle in the traditional sense. This fact is a direct consequence of the Mathisson-Papapetrou equations in the frame of reference comoving with a spinning test particle. The widely held assumption that the deviation of a spinning test body from a geodesic trajectory is caused by tidal forces is not correct

  14. de Sitter space and the equivalence between f(R) and scalar-tensor gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valerio Faraoni

    2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that, when f'' is non-vanishing, metric f(R) gravity is completely equivalent to a scalar-tensor theory (with zero Brans-Dicke parameter) with respect to perturbations of de Sitter space, contrary to previous expectations. Moreover, the stability conditions of de Sitter space with respect to homogeneous and inhomogeneous perturbations coincide in most scalar-tensor theories, as is the case in metric f(R) gravity.

  15. ON NEARLY EQUIVALENT FORMS FOR GSp(4) DANIEL FILE AND RAMIN TAKLOO-BIGHASH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takloo-Bighash, Ramin

    the theta lift of the representations (1, 2) and (JL 1 , JL 2 ) to GSp(4). Lemma 1. In the local situation this lemma is well-known. The non-vanishing of the local theta lifts follows from Remark 6.8 of [P where Tv is split. Let 1,v, 2,v be two non-equivalent supercuspidal representations of D× v GL2(Fv) w

  16. On the Equivalence of the Dirac Equation Between General Relativity and Teleparallel Gravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bagci, Meral; Havare, Ali; Soeguet, Kenan [Mersin University, Department of Physics, Mersin (Turkey)

    2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Teleparellel Theory (TPT) is one of alternative ways of describing the gravitational field. Unlike the general relativistic description of gravitation in the TPT curvature is assumed to vanish instead of torsion. In general relativistic theory (GRT) the Riemann geometry is used to describe the equations while in the case of TPT the Weitzenboeck space-time is used. In this study we showed the equivalence of the Dirac equation between these two theories.

  17. Gravitational radiation fields in teleparallel equivalent of general relativity and their energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. G. L. Nashed

    2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive two new retarded solutions in the teleparallel theory equivalent to general relativity (TEGR). One of these solutions gives a divergent energy. Therefore, we used the regularized expression of the gravitational energy-momentum tensor, which is a coordinate dependent. A detailed analysis of the loss of the mass of Bondi space-time is carried out using the flux of the gravitational energy-momentum.

  18. Untwisting Noncommutative R^d and the Equivalence of Quantum Field Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Oeckl

    2000-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that there is a duality exchanging noncommutativity and non-trivial statistics for quantum field theory on R^d. Employing methods of quantum groups, we observe that ordinary and noncommutative R^d are related by twisting. We extend the twist to an equivalence for quantum field theory using the framework of braided quantum field theory. The twist exchanges both commutativity with noncommutativity and ordinary with non-trivial statistics. The same holds for the noncommutative torus.

  19. Lunar Laser Ranging Tests of the Equivalence Principle with the Earth and Moon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James G. Williams; Slava G. Turyshev; Dale H. Boggs

    2009-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A primary objective of the Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) experiment is to provide precise observations of the lunar orbit that contribute to a wide range of science investigations. Time series of the highly accurate measurements of the distance between the Earth and Moon provide unique information used to determine whether, in accordance with the Equivalence Principle (EP), both of these celestial bodies are falling towards the Sun at the same rate, despite their different masses, compositions, and gravitational self-energies. Current LLR solutions give $(-1.0 \\pm 1.4) \\times 10^{-13}$ for any possible inequality in the ratios of the gravitational and inertial masses for the Earth and Moon, $\\Delta(M_G/M_I)$. This result, in combination with laboratory experiments on the weak equivalence principle, yields a strong equivalence principle (SEP) test of $\\Delta(M_G/M_I)_{\\tt SEP} = (-2.0 \\pm 2.0) \\times 10^{-13}$. Such an accurate result allows other tests of gravitational theories. The result of the SEP test translates into a value for the corresponding SEP violation parameter $\\eta$ of $(4.4 \\pm 4.5)\\times10^{-4}$, where $\\eta = 4\\beta -\\gamma -3$ and both $\\gamma$ and $\\beta$ are parametrized post-Newtonian (PPN) parameters. The PPN parameter $\\beta$ is determined to be $\\beta - 1 = (1.2 \\pm 1.1) \\times 10^{-4}$. Focusing on the tests of the EP, we discuss the existing data, and characterize the modeling and data analysis techniques. The robustness of the LLR solutions is demonstrated with several different approaches that are presented in the text. We emphasize that near-term improvements in the LLR ranging accuracy will further advance the research of relativistic gravity in the solar system, and, most notably, will continue to provide highly accurate tests of the Equivalence Principle.

  20. Reflector modelling of small high leakage cores making use of multi-group nodal equivalence theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Theron, S. A. [South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), PO Box 582, Pretoria, 0001 (South Africa); Reitsma, F. [Calvera Consultants, PO Box 150, Strubensvallei, 1735 (South Africa)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research focuses on modelling reflectors in typical material testing reactors (MTRs). Equivalence theory is used to homogenise and collapse detailed transport solutions to generate equivalent nodal parameters and albedo boundary conditions for reflectors, for subsequent use in full core nodal diffusion codes. This approach to reflector modelling has been shown to be accurate for two-group large commercial light water reactor (LWR) analysis, but has not been investigated for MTRs. MTRs are smaller, with much larger leakage, environment sensitivity and multi-group spectrum dependencies than LWRs. This study aims to determine if this approach to reflector modelling is an accurate and plausible homogenisation technique for the modelling of small MTR cores. The successful implementation will result in simplified core models, better accuracy and improved efficiency of computer simulations. Codes used in this study include SCALE 6.1, OSCAR-4 and EQUIVA (the last two codes are developed and used at Necsa). The results show a five times reduction in calculational time for the proposed reduced reactor model compared to the traditional explicit model. The calculated equivalent parameters however show some sensitivity to the environment used to generate them. Differences in the results compared to the current explicit model, require more careful investigation including comparisons with a reference result, before its implementation can be recommended. (authors)

  1. Solar system and equivalence principle constraints on f(R) gravity by chameleon approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvatore Capozziello; Shinji Tsujikawa

    2008-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We study constraints on f(R) dark energy models from solar system experiments combined with experiments on the violation of equivalence principle. When the mass of an equivalent scalar field degree of freedom is heavy in a region with high density, a spherically symmetric body has a thin-shell so that an effective coupling of the fifth force is suppressed through a chameleon mechanism. We place experimental bounds on the cosmologically viable models recently proposed in literature which have an asymptotic form f(R)=R-lambda R_c [1-(R_c/R)^{2n}] in the regime R >> R_c. From the solar-system constraints on the post-Newtonian parameter gamma, we derive the bound n>0.5, whereas the constraints from the violations of weak and strong equivalence principles give the bound n>0.9. This allows a possibility to find the deviation from the LambdaCDM cosmological model. For the model f(R)=R-lambda R_c(R/R_c)^p with 0

  2. Perfect Computational Equivalence between Quantum Turing Machines and Finitely Generated Uniform Quantum Circuit Families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harumichi Nishimura; Masanao Ozawa

    2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to establish the computational equivalence between quantum Turing machines (QTMs) and quantum circuit families (QCFs) using Yao's quantum circuit simulation of QTMs, we previously introduced the class of uniform QCFs based on an infinite set of elementary gates, which has been shown to be computationally equivalent to the polynomial-time QTMs (with appropriate restriction of amplitudes) up to bounded error simulation. This result implies that the complexity class BQP introduced by Bernstein and Vazirani for QTMs equals its counterpart for uniform QCFs. However, the complexity classes ZQP and EQP for QTMs do not appear to equal their counterparts for uniform QCFs. In this paper, we introduce a subclass of uniform QCFs, the finitely generated uniform QCFs, based on finite number of elementary gates and show that the class of finitely generated uniform QCFs is perfectly equivalent to the class of polynomial-time QTMs; they can exactly simulate each other. This naturally implies that BQP as well as ZQP and EQP equal the corresponding complexity classes of the finitely generated uniform QCFs.

  3. Formulating a simplified equivalent representation of distribution circuits for PV impact studies.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reno, Matthew J.; Broderick, Robert Joseph; Grijalva, Santiago [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With an increasing number of Distributed Generation (DG) being connected on the distribution system, a method for simplifying the complexity of the distribution system to an equivalent representation of the feeder is advantageous for streamlining the interconnection study process. The general characteristics of the system can be retained while reducing the modeling effort required. This report presents a method of simplifying feeders to only specified buses-of-interest. These buses-of-interest can be potential PV interconnection locations or buses where engineers want to verify a certain power quality. The equations and methodology are presented with mathematical proofs of the equivalence of the circuit reduction method. An example 15-bus feeder is shown with the parameters and intermediate example reduction steps to simplify the circuit to 4 buses. The reduced feeder is simulated using PowerWorld Simulator to validate that those buses operate with the same characteristics as the original circuit. Validation of the method is also performed for snapshot and time-series simulations with variable load and solar energy output data to validate the equivalent performance of the reduced circuit with the interconnection of PV.

  4. Electrical characterization and an equivalent circuit model of a microhollow cathode discharge reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylan, O.; Berberoglu, H., E-mail: berberoglu@mail.utexas.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports the electrical characterization and an equivalent circuit of a microhollow cathode discharge (MHCD) reactor in the self-pulsing regime. A MHCD reactor was prototyped for air plasma generation, and its current-voltage characteristics were measured experimentally in the self-pulsing regime for applied voltages from 2000 to 3000?V. The reactor was modeled as a capacitor in parallel with a variable resistor. A stray capacitance was also introduced to the circuit model to represent the capacitance of the circuit elements in the experimental setup. The values of the resistor and capacitors were recovered from experimental data, and the proposed circuit model was validated with independent experiments. Experimental data showed that increasing the applied voltage increased the current, self-pulsing frequency and average power consumption of the reactor, while it decreased the peak voltage. The maximum and the minimum voltages obtained using the model were in agreement with the experimental data within 2.5%, whereas the differences between peak current values were less than 1%. At all applied voltages, the equivalent circuit model was able to accurately represent the peak and average power consumption as well as the self-pulsing frequency within the experimental uncertainty. Although the results shown in this paper was for atmospheric air pressures, the proposed equivalent circuit model of the MHCD reactor could be generalized for other gases at different pressures.

  5. Measurements of neutron dose equivalent for a proton therapy center using uniform scanning proton beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng Yuanshui; Liu Yaxi; Zeidan, Omar; Schreuder, Andries Niek; Keole, Sameer [ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); INTEGRIS Cancer Insititute, 5911 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Treatment Centers, 420 North Walnut Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47404 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Neutron exposure is of concern in proton therapy, and varies with beam delivery technique, nozzle design, and treatment conditions. Uniform scanning is an emerging treatment technique in proton therapy, but neutron exposure for this technique has not been fully studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the neutron dose equivalent per therapeutic dose, H/D, under various treatment conditions for uniform scanning beams employed at our proton therapy center. Methods: Using a wide energy neutron dose equivalent detector (SWENDI-II, ThermoScientific, MA), the authors measured H/D at 50 cm lateral to the isocenter as a function of proton range, modulation width, beam scanning area, collimated field size, and snout position. They also studied the influence of other factors on neutron dose equivalent, such as aperture material, the presence of a compensator, and measurement locations. They measured H/D for various treatment sites using patient-specific treatment parameters. Finally, they compared H/D values for various beam delivery techniques at various facilities under similar conditions. Results: H/D increased rapidly with proton range and modulation width, varying from about 0.2 mSv/Gy for a 5 cm range and 2 cm modulation width beam to 2.7 mSv/Gy for a 30 cm range and 30 cm modulation width beam when 18 Multiplication-Sign 18 cm{sup 2} uniform scanning beams were used. H/D increased linearly with the beam scanning area, and decreased slowly with aperture size and snout retraction. The presence of a compensator reduced the H/D slightly compared with that without a compensator present. Aperture material and compensator material also have an influence on neutron dose equivalent, but the influence is relatively small. H/D varied from about 0.5 mSv/Gy for a brain tumor treatment to about 3.5 mSv/Gy for a pelvic case. Conclusions: This study presents H/D as a function of various treatment parameters for uniform scanning proton beams. For similar treatment conditions, the H/D value per uncollimated beam size for uniform scanning beams was slightly lower than that from a passive scattering beam and higher than that from a pencil beam scanning beam, within a factor of 2. Minimizing beam scanning area could effectively reduce neutron dose equivalent for uniform scanning beams, down to the level close to pencil beam scanning.

  6. Measurement of neutron dose equivalent outside and inside of the treatment vault of GRID therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Xudong; Charlton, Michael A.; Esquivel, Carlos; Eng, Tony Y.; Li, Ying; Papanikolaou, Nikos [University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (United States)] [University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (United States)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate the neutron and photon dose equivalent rates at the treatment vault entrance (H{sub n,D} and H{sub G}), and to study the secondary radiation to the patient in GRID therapy. The radiation activation on the grid was studied.Methods: A Varian Clinac 23EX accelerator was working at 18 MV mode with a grid manufactured by .decimal, Inc. The H{sub n,D} and H{sub G} were measured using an Andersson–Braun neutron REM meter, and a Geiger Müller counter. The radiation activation on the grid was measured after the irradiation with an ion chamber ?-ray survey meter. The secondary radiation dose equivalent to patient was evaluated by etched track detectors and OSL detectors on a RANDO{sup ®} phantom.Results: Within the measurement uncertainty, there is no significant difference between the H{sub n,D} and H{sub G} with and without a grid. However, the neutron dose equivalent to the patient with the grid is, on average, 35.3% lower than that without the grid when using the same field size and the same amount of monitor unit. The photon dose equivalent to the patient with the grid is, on average, 44.9% lower. The measured average half-life of the radiation activation in the grid is 12.0 (±0.9) min. The activation can be categorized into a fast decay component and a slow decay component with half-lives of 3.4 (±1.6) min and 15.3 (±4.0) min, respectively. There was no detectable radioactive contamination found on the surface of the grid through a wipe test.Conclusions: This work indicates that there is no significant change of the H{sub n,D} and H{sub G} in GRID therapy, compared with a conventional external beam therapy. However, the neutron and scattered photon dose equivalent to the patient decrease dramatically with the grid and can be clinical irrelevant. Meanwhile, the users of a grid should be aware of the possible high dose to the radiation worker from the radiation activation on the surface of the grid. A delay in handling the grid after the beam delivery is suggested.

  7. N NMR Investigation of the Covalent Binding of Reduced TNT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of contaminants on these sites can be extremely heterogeneous (7). Among biological treatments for con- taminated for remediation in the United States alone has been conservatively estimated at 1500 (6). In the past, wastewater

  8. September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for National Defense | OSTI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Equivalence Cooper, P.W. (1994) 26 > LLNL small-scale drop-hammer impact sensitivity test Simpson, L.R.; Foltz, M.F. (1995) 25 > The future of components for high reliability...

  9. September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine Science Subject Feed Drug Retention Times Center for Human Reliability Studies (2007) 29 > Oleoresin Capsicum...

  10. ALS Technique Gives Novel View of Lithium Battery Dendrite Growth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Technique Gives Novel View of Lithium Battery Dendrite Growth Print Lithium-ion batteries, popular in today's electronic devices and electric vehicles, could gain significant...

  11. March 2014 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine | OSTI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    March 2014 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine Science Subject Feed Carbon Dioxide Sequestering Using Microalgal Systems Daniel J. Stepan; Richard E. Shockey; Thomas A....

  12. January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Power Generation And Distributi...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Power Generation And Distribution Lessons from Large-Scale Renewable Energy Integration Studies: Preprint Bird, L.; Milligan, M. Small punch...

  13. Newbie question: How to view commercial/residential load profile...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Newbie question: How to view commercialresidential load profile datasets? Home > Groups > Buildings I have downloaded SAM (20112414) and cannot access open the .tar files. Help...

  14. New ALS Technique Gives Nanoscale Views of Complex Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanoscale Views of Complex Systems Print Studying and identifying molecules at the mesoscale has always been challenging-even the best microscopes and spectrometers have...

  15. Better Buildings Network View | September 2014 | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Financing Program: On-Bill Financing Brings Lenders and Homeowners On Board Better Buildings Network View | December 2014 On-Bill Financing for Energy Efficiency Improvements...

  16. March 2015 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine | OSTI...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March 2015 Most Viewed Documents for Biology And Medicine Measuring dopamine release in the human brain with PET Volkow, N.D. Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United...

  17. The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - July 2013 | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood View - October 2012 Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Home Accomplishments History Better Buildings Partners Stories Interviews Videos Contact Us...

  18. Casimir Friction in Terms of Moving Harmonic Oscillators: Equivalence Between Two Different Formulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johan S. Høye; Iver Brevik

    2011-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The Casimir friction problem can be dealt with in a simplified way by considering two harmonic oscillators moving with constant relative velocity. Recently we calculated the energy dissipation for such a case, [EPL {\\bf 91}, 60003 (2010); Europ. Phys. J. D {\\bf 61}, 335 (2011)]. A recent study of Barton [New J. Phys. {\\bf 12}, 113044 (2010)] seemingly leads to a different result for the dissipation. If such a discrepancy really were true, it would imply a delicate difficulty for the basic theory of Casimir friction. In the present note we show that the expressions for the dissipation are in fact physically equivalent, at T=0.

  19. Noise Equivalent Counts Based Emission Image Reconstruction Algorithm of Tomographic Gamma Scanning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke Wang; Zheng Li; Wei Feng; Dong Han

    2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Tomographic Gamma Scanning (TGS) is a technique used to assay the nuclide distribution and radioactivity in nuclear waste drums. Both transmission and emission scans are performed in TGS and the transmission image is used for the attenuation correction in emission reconstructions. The error of the transmission image, which is not considered by the existing reconstruction algorithms, negatively affects the final results. An emission reconstruction method based on Noise Equivalent Counts (NEC) is presented. Noises from the attenuation image are concentrated to the projection data to apply the NEC Maximum-Likelihood Expectation-Maximization algorithm. Experiments are performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  20. Equivalence and Hermiticity of Dirac Hamiltonians in the Kerr gravitational field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. V. Gorbatenko; V. P. Neznamov

    2014-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In the paper, for the Kerr field, we prove that Chandrasekhar's Dirac Hamiltonian and the self-adjoint Hamiltonian H_{\\eta} with a flat scalar product of the wave functions are physically equivalent. Operators of transformation of Chandrasekhar's Hamiltonian and wave functions to the \\eta-representation with a flat scalar product are defined explicitly. If the domain of the wave functions of Dirac's equation in the Kerr field is bounded by two-dimensional surfaces of revolution around the z axis, Chandrasekhar's Hamiltonian and the self-adjoint Hamiltonian in the \\eta-representation are Hermitian with equality of the scalar products,(\\psi, H \\varphi)=(H \\psi, \\varphi).

  1. XRD, lead equivalent and UV-VIS properties study of Ce and Pr lead silicate glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alias, Nor Hayati, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Abdullah, Wan Shafie Wan, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Isa, Norriza Mohd, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Isa, Muhammad Jamal Md, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Zali, Nurazila Mat; Abdullah, Nuhaslinda Ee [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, 43000, Bangi, Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Muhammad, Azali [Malaysian Society for Non-Destructive Testing (Malaysia)

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, Cerium (Ce) and Praseodymium (Pr) containing lead silicate glasses were produced with 2 different molar ratios low (0.2 wt%) and high (0.4wt%). These types of glasses can satisfy the characteristics required for radiation shielding glasses and minimize the lead composition in glass. The radiation shielding properties of the synthesized glasses is explained in the form of lead equivalent study. The XRD diffraction and UV-VIS analysis were performed to observe the structural changes of the synthesis glasses at 1.5 Gy gamma radiation exposures.

  2. Null Result for the Violation of Equivalence Principle with Free-Fall Rotating Gyroscopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, J; Zhang, Y Z; Zhou, Z B

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The differential acceleration between a rotating mechanical gyroscope and a non-rotating one is directly measured by using a double free-fall interferometer, and no apparent differential acceleration has been observed at the relative level of 2x10{-6}. It means that the equivalence principle is still valid for rotating extended bodies, i.e., the spin-gravity interaction between the extended bodies has not been observed at this level. Also, to the limit of our experimental sensitivity, there is no observed asymmetrical effect or anti-gravity of the rotating gyroscopes as reported by hayasaka et al.

  3. A Lorentz-Poincaré type interpretation of the Weak Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan; Broekaert

    2007-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The validity of the Weak Equivalence Principle relative to a local inertial frame is detailed in a scalar-vector gravitation model with Lorentz-Poincar\\'e type interpretation. Given the previously established first Post-Newtonian concordance of dynamics with General Relativity, the principle is to this order compatible with GRT. The gravitationally modified Lorentz transformations, on which the observations in physical coordinates depend, are shown to provide a physical interpretation of \\emph{parallel transport}. A development of ``geodesic'' deviation in terms of the present model is given as well.

  4. Performance viewing and editing in ASSESS Outsider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snell, M.K. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Key, B.; Bingham, B. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (US)

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Analytic System and Software for Evaluation of Safeguards and Security (ASSESS) Facility module records site information in the path elements and areas of an Adversary Sequence Diagram. The ASSESS Outsider evaluation module takes this information and first calculates performance values describing how much detection and delay is assigned at each path element and then uses the performance values to determine most-vulnerable paths. This paper discusses new Outsider capabilities that allow the user to view how elements are being defeated and to modify some of these values in Outsider. Outsider now displays how different path element segments are defeated and contrasts the probability of detection for alternate methods of defeating a door (e.g., the lock or the door face itself). The user can also override element segment delays and detection probabilities directly during analysis in Outsider. These capabilities allow users to compare element performance and to verify correct path element performance for all elements, not just those on the most-vulnerable path as is the case currently. Improvements or reductions in protection can be easily checked without creating a set of new facility files to accomplish it.

  5. A HYPERSPECTRAL VIEW OF THE CRAB NEBULA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charlebois, M.; Drissen, L.; Bernier, A.-P. [Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1V 0A6 (Canada); Grandmont, F. [ABB Bomem Inc., 585 boulevard Charest est, Suite 300, Quebec, Quebec G1K 9H4 (Canada); Binette, L., E-mail: maxime.charlebois.1@ulaval.c, E-mail: ldrissen@phy.ulaval.c, E-mail: anne-pier.bernier.1@ulaval.c [Instituto de AstronomIa, UNAM, Ap.70-264, 04510 Mexico, DF (Mexico)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have obtained spatially resolved spectra of the Crab nebula in the spectral ranges 450-520 nm and 650-680 nm, encompassing the H{beta}, [O III] {lambda}4959, {lambda}5007, H{alpha}, [N II] {lambda}6548, {lambda}6584, and [S II] {lambda}6717, {lambda}6731 emission lines, with the imaging Fourier transform spectrometer SpIOMM at the Observatoire du Mont-Megantic's 1.6 m telescope. We first compare our data with published observations obtained either from a Fabry-Perot interferometer or from a long-slit spectrograph. Using a spectral deconvolution technique similar to the one developed by Cadez et al., we identify and resolve multiple emission lines separated by large Doppler shifts and contained within the rapidly expanding filamentary structure of the Crab. This allows us to measure important line ratios, such as [N II]/H{alpha}, [S II]/H{alpha}, and [S II] {lambda}6717 /[S II] {lambda}6731 of individual filaments, providing a new insight on the SE-NW asymmetry in the Crab. From our analysis of the spatial distribution of the electronic density and of the respective shocked versus photoionized gas components, we deduce that the skin-less NW region must have evolved faster than the rest of the nebula. Assuming a very simple expansion model for the ejecta material, our data provide us with a complete tridimensional view of the Crab.

  6. Breakdown of the Equivalence between Energy Content and Weight in a Weak Gravitational Field for a Quantum Body

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei Lebed

    2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that weight operator of a composite quantum body in a weak external gravitational field in the post-Newtonian approximation of the General Relativity does not commute with its energy operator, taken in the absence of the field. Nevertheless, the weak equivalence between the expectations values of weight and energy is shown to survive at a macroscopic level for stationary quantum states for the simplest composite quantum body - a hydrogen atom. Breakdown of the weak equivalence between weight and energy at a microscopic level for stationary quantum states can be experimentally detected by studying unusual electromagnetic radiation, emitted by the atoms, supported and moved in the Earth gravitational field with constant velocity, using spacecraft or satellite. For superpositions of stationary quantum states, a breakdown of the above mentioned equivalence at a macroscopic level leads to time dependent oscillations of the expectation values of weight, where the equivalence restores after averaging over time procedure.

  7. The improvement of the method of equivalent cross section in HTR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, J.; Li, F. [Inst. of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing 100084 (China)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Method of Equivalence Cross-Sections (MECS) is a combined transport-diffusion method. By appropriately adjusting the diffusion coefficient of homogenized absorber region, the diffusion theory could yield satisfactory results for the full core model with strong neutron absorber material, for example the control rod in High temperature gas cooled reactor (HTR). Original implementation of MECS based on 1-D cell transport model has some limitation on accuracy and applicability, a new implementation of MECS based on 2-D transport model are proposed and tested in this paper. This improvement can extend the MECS to the calculation of twin small absorber ball system which have a non-circular boring in graphite reflector and different radial position. A least-square algorithm for the calculation of equivalent diffusion coefficient is adopted, and special treatment for diffusion coefficient for higher energy group is proposed in the case that absorber is absent. Numerical results to adopt MECS into control rod calculation in HTR are encouraging. However, there are some problems left. (authors)

  8. Euler-Bernoulli beams from a symmetry standpoint-characterization of equivalent equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soh, C Wafo

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We completely solve the equivalence problem for Euler-Bernoulli equation using Lie symmetry analysis. We show that the quotient of the symmetry Lie algebra of the Bernoulli equation by the infinite-dimensional Lie algebra spanned by solution symmetries is a representation of one of the following Lie algebras: $2A_1$, $A_1\\oplus A_2$, $3A_1$, or $A_{3,3}\\oplus A_1$. Each quotient symmetry Lie algebra determines an equivalence class of Euler-Bernoulli equations. Save for the generic case corresponding to arbitrary lineal mass density and flexural rigidity, we characterize the elements of each class by giving a determined set of differential equations satisfied by physical parameters (lineal mass density and flexural rigidity). For each class, we provide a simple representative and we explicitly construct transformations that maps a class member to its representative. The maximally symmetric class described by the four-dimensional quotient symmetry Lie algebra $A_{3,3}\\oplus A_1$ corresponds to Euler-Bernoulli e...

  9. Does the Equivalence between Gravitational Mass and Energy Survive for a Composite Quantum Body?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei G. Lebed

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We define passive and active gravitational mass operators of the simplest composite quantum body - a hydrogen atom. Although they do not commute with its energy operator, the equivalence between the expectation values of passive and active gravitational masses and energy is shown to survive for stationary quantum states. In our calculations of passive gravitational mass operator, we take into account not only kinetic and Coulomb potential energies but also the so-called relativistic corrections to electron motion in a hydrogen atom. Inequivalence between passive and active gravitational masses and energy at a macroscopic level is demonstrated to reveal itself as time dependent oscillations of the expectation values of the gravitational masses for superpositions of stationary quantum states. Breakdown of the equivalence between passive gravitational mass and energy at a microscopic level reveals itself as unusual electromagnetic radiation, emitted by macroscopic ensemble of hydrogen atoms, moved by small spacecraft with constant velocity in the Earth's gravitational field. We suggest the corresponding experiment on the Earth's orbit to detect this radiation, which would be the first direct experiment where quantum effects in general relativity are observed.

  10. Three Views of a Secret in Relativistic Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tadas K. Nakamura

    2008-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been shown three different views in relativistic thermodynamics can be derived from the basic formulation proposed by van Kampen and Israel. The way to decompose energy-momentum into the reversible and irreversible parts is not uniquely determined, and different choices result in different views. The effect of difference in the definition of a finite volume is also considered.

  11. O'Leary outlines policy views at confirmation hearing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, J.

    1993-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In her confirmation hearing, Secretary O'Leary outlined her views on various controversial issues. Among these were management of Yucca Mountain and the search for a nuclear waste repository, research on alternative fuels, encouragement of the use of renewable energy sources, and her views on intergrated resource planning.

  12. Updatable Process Views for Adapting Large Process Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    Updatable Process Views for Adapting Large Process Models: The proView Demonstrator Jens Kolb. The increasing adoption of process-aware information sys- tems (PAISs) has resulted in large process model collections. To support users having different perspectives on these processes and related data, a PAIS should

  13. EDS V25 containment vessel explosive qualification test report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudolphi, John Joseph

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The V25 containment vessel was procured by the Project Manager, Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel (PMNSCM) as a replacement vessel for use on the P2 Explosive Destruction Systems. It is the first EDS vessel to be fabricated under Code Case 2564 of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, which provides rules for the design of impulsively loaded vessels. The explosive rating for the vessel based on the Code Case is nine (9) pounds TNT-equivalent for up to 637 detonations. This limit is an increase from the 4.8 pounds TNT-equivalency rating for previous vessels. This report describes the explosive qualification tests that were performed in the vessel as part of the process for qualifying the vessel for explosive use. The tests consisted of a 11.25 pound TNT equivalent bare charge detonation followed by a 9 pound TNT equivalent detonation.

  14. RBS STUDY ABROAD EQUIVALENCY GUIDE It is the student's responsibility to check the courses below to confirm they are active and still being

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    ) Not equivalent to Management Information Systems 33:136:370 Corporate Financial Management (FTX2024S) RBS Programs AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA University of Cape Town Control of Financial Information Systems (ACC2018S Equivalent: Corporate Finance 33:390:400 Information Systems I (INF1003F/S/H) Not Equivalent to Management

  15. The equivalent electrical permittivity of gas-solid mixtures at intermediate solid volume fractions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torczynski, John Robert; Ceccio, Steven Louis; Tortora, Paul Richard

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several mixture models are evaluated for their suitability in predicting the equivalent permittivity of dielectric particles in a dielectric medium for intermediate solid volume fractions (0.4 to 0.6). Predictions of the Maxwell, Rayleigh, Bottcher and Bruggeman models are compared to computational simulations of several arrangements of solid particles in a gas and to the experimentally determined permittivity of a static particle bed. The experiment uses spherical glass beads in air, so air and glass permittivity values (1 and 7, respectively) are used with all of the models and simulations. The experimental system used to measure the permittivity of the static particle bed and its calibration are described. The Rayleigh model is found to be suitable for predicting permittivity over the entire range of solid volume fractions (0-0.6).

  16. Determination of explosive blast loading equivalencies with an explosively driven shock tube

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, Scott I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hill, Larry G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morris, John S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently there has been significant interest in evaluating the potential of many different non-ideal energetic materials to cause blast damage. We present a method intended to quantitatively compare the blast loading generated by different energetic materials through use of an explosively driven shock tube. The test explosive is placed at the closed breech end of the tube and initiated with a booster charge. The resulting shock waves are then contained and focused by the tube walls to form a quasi-one-dimensional blast wave. Pressure transducers along the tube wall measure the blast overpressure versus distance from the source and allow the use of the one-dimensional blast scaling relationship to determine the energy deposited into the blast wave per unit mass of test explosive. These values are then compared for different explosives of interest and to other methods of equivalency determination.

  17. Subthreshold Production of Kaons and Antikaons in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions at Equivalent Beam Energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barth, R.; Senger, P.; Ahner, W.; Debowski, M.; Grosse, E.; Koczon, P.; Miskowiec, D.; Schwab, E.; Schicker, R. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany)] [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany); Muentz, C.; Oeschler, H.; Sturm, C.; Wagner, A. [Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)] [Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Beckerle, P.; Bormann, C.; Brill, D.; Schwab, E.; Shin, Y.; Stroebele, H. [Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitaet, D-60325 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)] [Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitaet, D-60325 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Kohlmeyer, B.; Puehlhofer, F.; Speer, J.; Voelkel, K. [Phillips Universitaet, D-35037 Marburg (Germany)] [Phillips Universitaet, D-35037 Marburg (Germany); Cieslak, M.; Walus, W. [Jagiellonian University, PL-30-059 Krakow (Poland)] [Jagiellonian University, PL-30-059 Krakow (Poland)

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kaon production has been studied in Ni+Ni collisions at beam energies of 0.8{endash}1.8GeV/nucleon with the kaon spectrometer at GSI. The K{sup +} production cross section increases as E{sup 5.3{plus_minus}0.2}{sub beam} . Both K{sup +} and K{sup -} mesons are predominantly produced in central collisions. The K{sup -}/K{sup +} ratio measured at equivalent beam energies below the respective particle production threshold is considerably larger for Ni+Ni collisions than for nucleon-nucleon collisions near threshold. This is evidence for an enhanced K{sup -} production in the nuclear medium. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  18. Convergence analysis of a CMFD method based on generalized equivalence theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory, Bldg. 208, 9700 South Case Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Downar, T. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, Univ. of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2104 (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CMFD acceleration methods have been successful in reducing the computational burden for steady-state and transient reactor calculations. However, recent work on a complex coupled code BWR ATWS event has exposed possible issues with the stability of the CMFD method when standard CMFD methods are used. During the simulation of the ATWS boron injection event in the BWR, the PARCS code failed to converge with the existing CMFD method. A new CMFD method based on generalized equivalence theory was developed and the PARCS solution converged for the same ATWS event. This paper presents the new method and a detailed analytic and numerical convergence analysis. The results show that the new CMFD converges for all possible cross sections combinations anticipated in Light Water Reactor simulation and unlike existing CMFD methods, it is very robust even when the initial guess is far from final true solution. (authors)

  19. Lineal energy calibration of mini tissue-equivalent gas-proportional counters (TEPC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conte, V.; Moro, D.; Colautti, P. [LNL-INFN, viale dell'Universita 2, I-35020 Legnaro (Italy); Grosswendt, B. [guest at LNL-INFN (Italy)

    2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Mini TEPCs are cylindrical gas proportional counters of 1 mm or less of sensitive volume diameter. The lineal energy calibration of these tiny counters can be performed with an external gamma-ray source. However, to do that, first a method to get a simple and precise spectral mark has to be found and then the keV/{mu}m value of this mark. A precise method (less than 1% of uncertainty) to identify this markis described here, and the lineal energy value of this mark has been measured for different simulated site sizes by using a {sup 137}Cs gamma source and a cylindrical TEPC equipped with a precision internal {sup 244}Cm alpha-particle source, and filled with propane-based tissue-equivalent gas mixture. Mini TEPCs can be calibrated in terms of lineal energy, by exposing them to {sup 137}Cesium sources, with an overall uncertainty of about 5%.

  20. Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lacroix, Frederic; Archambault, Louis; Gingras, Luc; Guillot, Mathieu; Beddar, A. Sam; Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada)

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A clinical prototype of a scintillating fiber dosimeter array for quality assurance applications is presented. The array consists of a linear array of 29 plastic scintillation detectors embedded in a water-equivalent plastic sheet coupled to optical fibers used to guide optical photons to a charge coupled device (CCD) camera. The CCD is packaged in a light-tight, radiation-shielded housing designed for convenient transport. A custom designed connector is used to ensure reproducible mechanical positioning of the optical fibers relative to the CCD. Profile and depth dose characterization measurements are presented and show that the prototype provides excellent dose measurement reproducibility ({+-}0.8%) in-field and good accuracy ({+-}1.6% maximum deviation) relative to the dose measured with an IC10 ionization chamber.

  1. Tunneling through equivalent multihumped fission barriers: Some implications for the actinide nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhandari, B.S.; Al-Kharam, A.S.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparison of the penetrabilities calculated in the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin approximation through equivalent multihumped fission barriers shows that the penetrability saturates to its maximum value much more slowly for a three-humped potential than that for comparable two-humped and single-humped potentials. An analysis of the slopes of the near-barrier photofission cross sections of actinides yields results that can be understood in terms of the predicted potential barrier shapes for these nuclei, and thus provides evidence in support of resolving the ''thorium anomaly'' along the lines suggested by Moeller and Nix. Our results further indicate that the uranium nuclei, and in particular /sup 236/U, may more likely exhibit three-humped potential shapes in which the apparent consequences of both the second and third minima may be observable.

  2. Maxwell's theory on a post-Riemannian spacetime and the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland A. Puntigam; Claus L{ä}mmerzahl; Friedrich W. Hehl

    1997-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The form of Maxwell's theory is well known in the framework of general relativity, a fact that is related to the applicability of the principle of equivalence to electromagnetic phenomena. We pose the question whether this form changes if torsion and/or nonmetricity fields are allowed for in spacetime. Starting from the conservation laws of electric charge and magnetic flux, we recognize that the Maxwell equations themselves remain the same, but the constitutive law must depend on the metric and, additionally, may depend on quantities related to torsion and/or nonmetricity. We illustrate our results by putting an electric charge on top of a spherically symmetric exact solution of the metric-affine gauge theory of gravity (comprising torsion and nonmetricity). All this is compared to the recent results of Vandyck.

  3. A new online detector for estimation of peripheral neutron equivalent dose in organ

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Irazola, L., E-mail: leticia@us.es; Sanchez-Doblado, F. [Departamento de Fisiología Médica y Biofísica, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla 41009, Spain and Servicio de Radiofísica, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Sevilla 41007 (Spain); Lorenzoli, M.; Pola, A. [Departimento di Ingegneria Nuclear, Politecnico di Milano, Milano 20133 (Italy); Bedogni, R. [Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Frascati Roma 00044 (Italy); Terrón, J. A. [Servicio de Radiofísica, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Sevilla 41007 (Spain); Sanchez-Nieto, B. [Instituto de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 4880 (Chile); Expósito, M. R. [Departamento de Física, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra 08193 (Spain); Lagares, J. I.; Sansaloni, F. [Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas y Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Madrid 28040 (Spain)

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Peripheral dose in radiotherapy treatments represents a potential source of secondary neoplasic processes. As in the last few years, there has been a fast-growing concern on neutron collateral effects, this work focuses on this component. A previous established methodology to estimate peripheral neutron equivalent doses relied on passive (TLD, CR39) neutron detectors exposed in-phantom, in parallel to an active [static random access memory (SRAMnd)] thermal neutron detector exposed ex-phantom. A newly miniaturized, quick, and reliable active thermal neutron detector (TNRD, Thermal Neutron Rate Detector) was validated for both procedures. This first miniaturized active system eliminates the long postprocessing, required for passive detectors, giving thermal neutron fluences in real time. Methods: To validate TNRD for the established methodology, intrinsic characteristics, characterization of 4 facilities [to correlate monitor value (MU) with risk], and a cohort of 200 real patients (for second cancer risk estimates) were evaluated and compared with the well-established SRAMnd device. Finally, TNRD was compared to TLD pairs for 3 generic radiotherapy treatments through 16 strategic points inside an anthropomorphic phantom. Results: The performed tests indicate similar linear dependence with dose for both detectors, TNRD and SRAMnd, while a slightly better reproducibility has been obtained for TNRD (1.7% vs 2.2%). Risk estimates when delivering 1000 MU are in good agreement between both detectors (mean deviation of TNRD measurements with respect to the ones of SRAMnd is 0.07 cases per 1000, with differences always smaller than 0.08 cases per 1000). As far as the in-phantom measurements are concerned, a mean deviation smaller than 1.7% was obtained. Conclusions: The results obtained indicate that direct evaluation of equivalent dose estimation in organs, both in phantom and patients, is perfectly feasible with this new detector. This will open the door to an easy implementation of specific peripheral neutron dose models for any type of treatment and facility.

  4. On the equivalence of dynamically orthogonal and bi-orthogonal methods: Theory and numerical simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, Minseok [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 (United States); Sapsis, Themistoklis P. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Karniadakis, George Em, E-mail: george_karniadakis@brown.edu [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 (United States)

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Karhunen–Lòeve (KL) decomposition provides a low-dimensional representation for random fields as it is optimal in the mean square sense. Although for many stochastic systems of practical interest, described by stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs), solutions possess this low-dimensional character, they also have a strongly time-dependent form and to this end a fixed-in-time basis may not describe the solution in an efficient way. Motivated by this limitation of standard KL expansion, Sapsis and Lermusiaux (2009) [26] developed the dynamically orthogonal (DO) field equations which allow for the simultaneous evolution of both the spatial basis where uncertainty ‘lives’ but also the stochastic characteristics of uncertainty. Recently, Cheng et al. (2013) [28] introduced an alternative approach, the bi-orthogonal (BO) method, which performs the exact same tasks, i.e. it evolves the spatial basis and the stochastic characteristics of uncertainty. In the current work we examine the relation of the two approaches and we prove theoretically and illustrate numerically their equivalence, in the sense that one method is an exact reformulation of the other. We show this by deriving a linear and invertible transformation matrix described by a matrix differential equation that connects the BO and the DO solutions. We also examine a pathology of the BO equations that occurs when two eigenvalues of the solution cross, resulting in an instantaneous, infinite-speed, internal rotation of the computed spatial basis. We demonstrate that despite the instantaneous duration of the singularity this has important implications on the numerical performance of the BO approach. On the other hand, it is observed that the BO is more stable in nonlinear problems involving a relatively large number of modes. Several examples, linear and nonlinear, are presented to illustrate the DO and BO methods as well as their equivalence.

  5. Solvent Blending Strategy to Upgrade MCU CSSX Solvent to Equivalent Next-Generation CSSX Solvent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delmau, Laetitia Helene [ORNL; Moyer, Bruce A [ORNL

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of the present study have validated an equal-volume blending strategy for upgrading freshly prepared CSSX solvent to a blended solvent functionally equivalent to NG-CSSX solvent. It is shown that blending fresh CSSX solvent as currently used in MCU with an equal volume of an NG-CSSX solvent concentrate of appropriate composition yields a blended solvent composition (46.5 mM of MaxCalix, 3.5 mM of BOBCalixC6, 0.5 M of Cs-7SB, 3 mM of guanidine suppressor, and 1.5 mM of TOA in Isopar L) that exhibits equivalent batch ESS performance to that of the NG-CSSX solvent containing 50 mM of MaxCalix, 0.5 M of Cs-7SB, and 3 mM of guanidine suppressor in Isopar L. The solvent blend composition is robust to third-phase formation. Results also show that a blend containing up to 60% v/v of CSSX solvent could be accommodated with minimal risk. Extraction and density data for the effect of solvent concentration mimicking diluent evaporation or over-dilution of the equal-volume blended solvent are also given, providing input for setting operational limits. Given that the experiments employed all pristine chemicals, the results do not qualify a blended solvent starting with actual used MCU solvent, which can be expected to have undergone some degree of degradation. Consequently, further work should be considered to evaluate this risk and implement appropriate remediation if needed.

  6. A spectroscopic event of eta Car viewed from different directions: The data and first results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otmar Stahl; Kerstin Weis; Dominik J. Bomans; Kris Davidson; Theodore R. Gull; Roberta M. Humphreys

    2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We present spectroscopic observations with high spectral resolution of eta Car as seen by the SE lobe of the Homunculus nebula over the 2003.5 "spectroscopic event". The observed spectra represent the stellar spectrum emitted near the pole of the star and are much less contaminated with nebular emission lines than direct observations of the central object. The "event" is qualitatively similar near the pole to what is observed in direct spectra of the star (more equator-on at 45 degree), but shows interesting differences. The observations show that the equivalent width changes of H alpha emission and other lines are less pronounced at the pole than in the line of sight. Also the absorption components appear less variable. A pronounced high-velocity absorption is present near the event in the He I lines indicating a mass-ejection event. This feature is also seen, but less pronounced, in the hydrogen lines. HeII4686 emission is observed for a brief period of time near the event and appears, if corrected for light travel time, to precede similar emission in the direct view. Our observations indicate that the event is probably not only a change in ionization and excitation structure or a simple eclipse-like event.

  7. Mountain View Electric Association, Inc- Energy Efficiency Credit Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Mountain View Electric Association, Inc. (MVEA) and Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association Inc., MVEA’s power supplier, will pay credits to MVEA customers who install qualifying energy...

  8. DOE Zero Ready Home Case Study: Clifton View Homes, Kaltenbach...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    want to go anywhere else," said Clifton. Clifton, founder of Clifton View Homes, offers net zero energy homes and home designs. Clifton has been building high-performance homes...

  9. A Transformational View of Cartography W. R. Tobler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Keith

    A Transformational View of Cartography W. R. Tobler ABSTRACT. Cartographic transformations aliases are between points, lines, and areas. Substantive transformations occur in map interpolation transformational grammars, as originally devised for linguistics.2, 4 A similar, though less ambitious, attempt

  10. Sea Oil Field Satellite Monitoring: An Opera3onal View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuligowski, Bob

    through oil drilling. It is refined and separated, most easily by boiling In the oil industry, the term "North Sea" o`en includes areasSea Oil Field Satellite Monitoring: An Opera3onal View Maurizio

  11. How can I view submitted materials? | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    view submitted materials? Home > Groups > 2014 Geothermal Case Study Challenge Submitted by NickL on 6 May, 2014 - 07:41 1 answer Points: 0 For various reasons, you may want to...

  12. Plan-view Trajectory Estimation with Dense Stereo Background Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darrell, T.

    2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a known environment, objects may be tracked in multiple views using a set of back-ground models. Stereo-based models can be illumination-invariant, but often have undefined values which inevitably lead to foreground ...

  13. NEWS & VIEWS synchrotron or helium-lamp studies. But

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    NEWS & VIEWS synchrotron or helium-lamp studies. But the low energy of the laser photons raises that of a conventional metal. The effects of projection have led to detailed quantitative insights into the properties

  14. axis view techniques: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 An Asymmetric, Energetic Type Ic Supernova Viewed Off-Axis, and a Link to Gamma-Ray Bursts Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: Type Ic supernovae, the explosions following the...

  15. ViewDependent Refinement of Progressive Meshes Hugues Hoppe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    to these criteria. The algorithm exploits view coherence, supports frame rate regulation, and is found to require not contribute to the image (Figure 12a). While these faces are typically culled early in the rendering pipeline

  16. View-Dependent Refinement of Progressive Meshes Hugues Hoppe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Michael

    to these criteria. The algorithm exploits view coherence, supports frame rate regulation, and is found to require in the rendering pipeline, this processing incurs a cost. Similarly, it is often unnecessary to render faces

  17. June 2014 Most Viewed Documents for Fission And Nuclear Technologies...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Viewed Documents for Fission And Nuclear Technologies Behavior of spent nuclear fuel in water pool storage Johnson, A.B. Jr. (1977) 78 Estimation of gas leak rates through very...

  18. Challenges in Applying Formal Methods An SME View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    Challenges in Applying Formal Methods An SME View Mathieu Clabaut Systerel, Aix-en-Provence, France classical B and event B to design safety related systems in an SME. 1 Activities Systerel is an SME doing

  19. A Narrower Spectrum for a Wider View of Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wider View of Matter July 9, 2014 Bookmark and Share Ultra-high-resolution dispersive optics of the new inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS) spectrometer (top) and IXS spectrum of...

  20. A Unified View on Speeded Categorization Hongbin Gu 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Chuanshu

    A Unified View on Speeded Categorization Hongbin Gu 1 Chuanshu Ji 2 1 Introduction The research of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA; hongbin

  1. Development of AeroView: an interactive flow diagnostics laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galls, Samuel Fernando

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research includes the development of a set of experimental flow-diagnostics techniques for low speed aerodynamics applications and an interactive software for flow field data acquisition and presentation called AeroView. The data collection...

  2. Host nutrition and infectious disease: an ecological view

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Val H.; Jones II, Tyrees P.; Smith, Marilyn S.

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nutrition is typically discussed in terms of maintaining a proper diet and avoiding nutrient deficiency diseases. However, nutrition can also be viewed from an ecological standpoint: mammalian hosts and their pathogens ...

  3. An epidermal equivalent assay for identification and ranking potency of contact sensitizers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibbs, Susan, E-mail: S.Gibbs@VUMC.nl [Department of Dermatology, VU University Medical Centre, Dept of Oral Cell Biology, ACTA, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Corsini, Emanuela [Laboratory of Toxicology, DiSFeB, Università degli Studi di Milano (Italy); Spiekstra, Sander W. [Department of Dermatology, VU University Medical Centre, Dept of Oral Cell Biology, ACTA, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Galbiati, Valentina [Laboratory of Toxicology, DiSFeB, Università degli Studi di Milano (Italy); Fuchs, Horst W. [CellSystems GmbH, Troisdorf (Germany); DeGeorge, George; Troese, Matthew [MB Research Labs, Spinnerstown, PA (United States); Hayden, Patrick; Deng, Wei [MatTek Corporation, Ashland, MA (United States); Roggen, Erwin [3Rs Management and Consultancy (Denmark)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to explore the possibility of combining the epidermal equivalent (EE) potency assay with the assay which assesses release of interleukin-18 (IL-18) to provide a single test for identification and classification of skin sensitizing chemicals, including chemicals of low water solubility or stability. A protocol was developed using different 3D-epidermal models including in house VUMC model, epiCS® (previously EST1000™), MatTek EpiDerm™ and SkinEthic™ RHE and also the impact of different vehicles (acetone:olive oil 4:1, 1% DMSO, ethanol, water) was investigated. Following topical exposure for 24 h to 17 contact allergens and 13 non-sensitizers a robust increase in IL-18 release was observed only after exposure to contact allergens. A putative prediction model is proposed from data obtained from two laboratories yielding 95% accuracy. Correlating the in vitro EE sensitizer potency data, which assesses the chemical concentration which results in 50% cytotoxicity (EE-EC{sub 50}) with human and animal data showed a superior correlation with human DSA{sub 05} (?g/cm{sup 2}) data (Spearman r = 0.8500; P value (two-tailed) = 0.0061) compared to LLNA data (Spearman r = 0.5968; P value (two-tailed) = 0.0542). DSA{sub 05} = induction dose per skin area that produces a positive response in 5% of the tested population Also a good correlation was observed for release of IL-18 (SI-2) into culture supernatants with human DSA{sub 05} data (Spearman r = 0.8333; P value (two-tailed) = 0.0154). This easily transferable human in vitro assay appears to be very promising, but additional testing of a larger chemical set with the different EE models is required to fully evaluate the utility of this assay and to establish a definitive prediction model. - Highlights: • A potential epidermal equivalent assay to label and classify sensitizers • Il-18 release distinguishes sensitizers from non sensitizers • IL-18 release can rank sensitizer potency • EC50 (chemical concentration causing 50% decrease in cell viability) ranks potency • In vitro: human DSA{sub 05} correlation is better than in vitro: LLNA correlation.

  4. New Limits for the Violation of the Equivalence Principle in the Solar-Reactor Neutrino Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valdiviesso, G do A; De Holanda, P C

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A model for the violation of the equivalence principle (VEP) on solar and reactor neutrinos is investigated. New limits for the VEP are obtained considering the mass-flavor mixing hypothesis and the VEP model. Our analysis shows two solutions were the VEP effects practically don't change the solar sector. In a first case, the mass scale of the reactor sector remains the same and in a second situation this scale falls slightly, becoming closer to the solar solution without VEP. The combined solution points to the following set of parameters: a ``higher VEP'' $|\\phi\\Delta\\gamma|=9,12^{+0,97}_{-0,78}\\times10^{-21}$, $\\tan^2\\theta=0,478^{+0,040}_{-0,038}$ and $\\Delta m^2=6,63\\pm0,31\\times10^{-5} eV^2$ ($77,7%$ C.L.) and a ``lower VEP'' $|\\phi\\Delta\\gamma|=1,91^{+0,84}_{-0,61}\\times10^{-21}$, $\\tan^2\\theta=0,478^{+0,040}_{-0,038}$ e $\\Delta m^2=7,73^{+0,17}_{-0,20}\\times10^{-5} eV^2$ ($77,7%$ C.L.). Both solutions have increased confidence level when compared with the MSW solution ($\\tan^2\\theta=0,462^{+0,043}_{-0...

  5. Turing-equivalent automata using a fixed-size quantum memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakaryilmaz, Abuzer

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we introduce a new public quantum interactive proof system and the first quantum alternating Turing machine: qAM proof system and qATM, respectively. Both are obtained from their classical counterparts (Arthur-Merlin proof system and alternating Turing machine, respectively,) by augmenting them with a fixed-size quantum register. We focus on space-bounded computation, and obtain the following surprising results: Both of them with constant-space are Turing-equivalent. More specifically, we show that for any Turing-recognizable language, there exists a constant-space weak-qAM system, (the nonmembers do not need to be rejected with high probability), and we show that any Turing-recognizable language can be recognized by a constant-space qATM even with one-way input head. For strong proof systems, where the nonmembers must be rejected with high probability, we show that the known space-bounded classical private protocols can also be simulated by our public qAM system with the same space bound. Besi...

  6. The Electromagnetic Quantum Gravity Theory On Quantum Inertia and the Einstein Principle of Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostoma, T; Ostoma, Tom; Trushyk, Mike

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On a new approach to quantum gravity called Electro-Magnetic Quantum Gravity (EMQG) which is manifestly compatible with Cellular Automata (CA) theory and is based on a new theory of inertia (ref. 5) proposed by R. Haisch, A. Rueda, and H. Puthoff (which we modified and called Quantum Inertia). Newtonian Inertia is due to the strictly local electrical force interactions of matter with the surrounding charged virtual particles of the quantum vacuum. The sum of all the tiny electrical forces originating from each charged particle in the mass with respect to the vacuum, is the source of the total inertial force of a mass which opposes accelerated motion in Newton's law 'F = MA'. The problems and paradoxes of accelerated motion introduced in Mach's principle are solved by suggesting that the state of acceleration of the charged virtual particles of the quantum vacuum (with respect to a mass) serves as Newton's universal reference frame for the mass. Einstein's principle of equivalence of inertial and gravitational...

  7. Expanded solar-system limits on violations of the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Overduin; Jack Mitcham; Zoey Warecki

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most attempts to unify general relativity with the standard model of particle physics predict violations of the equivalence principle associated in some way with the composition of the test masses. We test this idea by using observational uncertainties in the positions and motions of solar-system bodies to set upper limits on possible differences $\\Delta$ between the gravitational and inertial mass of each body. For suitable pairs of objects, it is possible to constrain three different linear combinations of $\\Delta$ using Kepler's third law, the migration of stable Lagrange points, and orbital polarization (the Nordtvedt effect). Limits of order $10^{-10}-10^{-6}$ on $\\Delta$ for individual bodies can then be derived from planetary and lunar ephemerides, Cassini observations of the Saturn system, and observations of Jupiter's Trojan asteroids as well as recently discovered Trojan companions around the Earth, Mars, Neptune, and Saturnian moons. These results can be combined with models for elemental abundances in each body to test for composition-dependent violations of the universality of free fall in the solar system. The resulting limits are weaker than those from laboratory experiments, but span a larger volume in composition space.

  8. Determining equivalent damage loading for full-scale wind turbine blade fatigue tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freebury, G.; Musial, W.

    2000-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a simplified method for converting wind turbine rotor design loads into equivalent-damage, constant-amplitude loads and load ratios for both flap and lead-lag directions. It is an iterative method that was developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) using Palmgren-Miner's linear damage principles. The general method is unique because it does not presume that any information about the materials or blade structural properties is precisely known. According to this method, the loads are never converted to stresses. Instead, a family of M-N curves (moment vs. cycles) is defined with reasonable boundaries for load-amplitude and slope. An optimization program iterates and converges on the constant amplitude test load and load ratio that minimizes the sensitivity to the range of M-N curves for each blade section. The authors constrained the general method to match the NedWind 25 design condition for the Standards, Measurements, and Testing (SMT) blade testing pro gram. SMT participants agreed to use the fixed S-N slope of m = 10 from the original design to produce consistent test-loads among the laboratories. Unconstrained, the general method suggests that slightly higher test loads should be used for the NedWind 25 blade design spectrum. NedWind 25 blade test loads were computed for lead-lag and flap under single-axis and two-axis loading.

  9. Test of the equivalence principle for ordinary matter falling toward dark matter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, G.; Adelberger, E.G.; Heckel, B.R.; Su, Y. (Department of Physics FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))

    1993-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We tested the equivalence principle (EP) for Be, Cu, and Al falling toward the galactic center, and found [Delta][ital a](Be,Cu)=[minus](0.1 [plus minus]5.8)[times]10[sup [minus]12] cm/[ital s][sup 2] and [Delta][ital a](Be,Al)=(3.6[plus minus]6.9)[times]10[sup [minus]12] cm/[ital s][sup 2]. As dark matter is thought to account for (25--30)% of our galacticentric acceleration, the EP parameters for Be/Cu, or Be/Al, falling toward dark matter, are [eta](Be,Cu)=(0.0[plus minus]1.2)[times]10[sup [minus]3] and [eta](Be,Al)=(0.7[plus minus]1.4)[times]10[sup [minus]3] (1[sigma] errors). This limits any EP-violating component of our acceleration toward dark matter and provides laboratory evidence that gravitation is the only significant long-range interaction between dark and ordinary matter.

  10. Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition Presentation about the value proposition for...

  11. Equivalent roughness height for plane bed under oscillatory flow Benoi^t Camenen a,*, Magnus Larson b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    of a flat and fixed bed is given in terms of the Nikuradse roughness height (ks). For flat beds larger than for a fixed bed. This is probably caused by the increased energy dissipation in the sheetEquivalent roughness height for plane bed under oscillatory flow Benoi^t Camenen a,*, Magnus Larson

  12. Norton Collector Circuit The Norton equivalent circuit seen looking into the collector can be used to solve for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leach Jr.,W. Marshall

    Norton Collector Circuit The Norton equivalent circuit seen looking into the collector can be used with Thévenin sources connected to its base and emitter. With the collector grounded, the col- lector current is called the short-circuit output current or ic(sc). The current source in the Norton collector circuit has

  13. A REMARK ON THE HOMOTOPY EQUIVALENCE Abstract. Being a maximal compact subgroup of SLn C, SUn is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souto, Juan

    A REMARK ON THE HOMOTOPY EQUIVALENCE SUn SLn C JUAN SOUTO Abstract. Being a maximal compact subgroup of SLn C, SUn is a deformation retract of the former group. In this note we prove that, for sufficiently large n, there is no retraction of SLn C to SUn which preserves commutativity. 1. Introduction

  14. The Possibility of Checking the Equivalence Principle in a Null Gravitational Redshift by a Two-Resonator Laser System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. A. Daishev; Z. G. Murzakhanov; A. F. Skochilov

    2008-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A scheme of an optical detector is proposed for checking Einsteins equivalence principle (EEP) in a null gravitational redshift experiment and for testing methods for calculating the length of a resonator in a weak variable gravitational field by recording the variations of the difference frequency of resonators caused by lunisolar variations of the geopotential in a double or a two-resonator laser system.

  15. PLANNED TESTS OF THE EQUIVALENCE PRINCIPLE WITH A CRYOGENIC TORSION E. C. Berg, W. D. Cross, and R. D. Newman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Riley D.

    in the gravitational field of source masses at various ranges [2,3,4,5,6,7]. The torsion pendulum is extraordinary relative to a field source without stressing the torsion fiber. Both variants of the deflection methodPLANNED TESTS OF THE EQUIVALENCE PRINCIPLE WITH A CRYOGENIC TORSION PENDULUM E. C. Berg, W. D

  16. Theory of hydro-equivalent ignition for inertial fusion and its applications to OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nora, R.; Betti, R.; Bose, A.; Woo, K. M.; Christopherson, A. R.; Meyerhofer, D. D. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Fusion Science Center, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Department of Physics and/or Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Anderson, K. S.; Shvydky, A.; Marozas, J. A.; Collins, T. J. B.; Radha, P. B.; Hu, S. X.; Epstein, R.; Marshall, F. J.; Sangster, T. C. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); McCrory, R. L. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Department of Physics and/or Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of ignition for inertial confinement fusion capsules [R. Betti et al., Phys. Plasmas 17, 058102 (2010)] is used to assess the performance requirements for cryogenic implosion experiments on the Omega Laser Facility. The theory of hydrodynamic similarity is developed in both one and two dimensions and tested using multimode hydrodynamic simulations with the hydrocode DRACO [P. B. Radha et al., Phys. Plasmas 12, 032702 (2005)] of hydro-equivalent implosions (implosions with the same implosion velocity, adiabat, and laser intensity). The theory is used to scale the performance of direct-drive OMEGA implosions to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) energy scales and determine the requirements for demonstrating hydro-equivalent ignition on OMEGA. Hydro-equivalent ignition on OMEGA is represented by a cryogenic implosion that would scale to ignition on the NIF at 1.8?MJ of laser energy symmetrically illuminating the target. It is found that a reasonable combination of neutron yield and areal density for OMEGA hydro-equivalent ignition is 3 to 6?×?10{sup 13} and ?0.3?g/cm{sup 2}, respectively, depending on the level of laser imprinting. This performance has not yet been achieved on OMEGA.

  17. 14 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 43, NO. 1, JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2007 Design of Equivalent Circuits and Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . To reach this goal, accurate models of every component are needed. From these components, transformers applicable in practical situations. A transformer generally has good power efficiency, thus its equivalent system is presented and the leakage transformer concept is introduced. The obtained circuits allow easy

  18. Dye-sensitized solar cells based on a nanoparticle/nanotube bilayer structure and their equivalent circuit analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    Dye-sensitized solar cells based on a nanoparticle/nanotube bilayer structure and their equivalent 2011, Accepted 1st December 2011 DOI: 10.1039/c2nr11617k Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were to become an essential component of future global energy production. Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)1

  19. Strong quantum violation of the gravitational weak equivalence principle by a non-Gaussian wave-packet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Chowdhury; D. Home; A. S. Majumdar; S. V. Mousavi; M. R. Mozaffari; S. Sinha

    2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The weak equivalence principle of gravity is examined at the quantum level in two ways. First, the position detection probabilities of particles described by a non-Gaussian wave-packet projected upwards against gravity around the classical turning point and also around the point of initial projection are calculated. These probabilities exhibit mass-dependence at both these points, thereby reflecting the quantum violation of the weak equivalence principle. Secondly, the mean arrival time of freely falling particles is calculated using the quantum probability current, which also turns out to be mass dependent. Such a mass-dependence is shown to be enhanced by increasing the non-Gaussianity parameter of the wave packet, thus signifying a stronger violation of the weak equivalence principle through a greater departure from Gaussianity of the initial wave packet. The mass-dependence of both the position detection probabilities and the mean arrival time vanish in the limit of large mass. Thus, compatibility between the weak equivalence principle and quantum mechanics is recovered in the macroscopic limit of the latter. A selection of Bohm trajectories is exhibited to illustrate these features in the free fall case.

  20. see 2010, January 18 -21, 2010, Siegen, Germany Paper 4 On the Equivalence of Sudan-Decoding and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    see 2010, January 18 - 21, 2010, Siegen, Germany Paper 4 On the Equivalence of Sudan schemes for Reed-Solomon codes, which allow to decode beyond half the minimum distance. One is Sudan show a syndrome-based approach of it. We compare Sudan's procedure with a scheme that is based

  1. Turing-equivalent automata using a fixed-size quantum memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abuzer Yakaryilmaz

    2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we introduce a new public quantum interactive proof system and the first quantum alternating Turing machine: qAM proof system and qATM, respectively. Both are obtained from their classical counterparts (Arthur-Merlin proof system and alternating Turing machine, respectively,) by augmenting them with a fixed-size quantum register. We focus on space-bounded computation, and obtain the following surprising results: Both of them with constant-space are Turing-equivalent. More specifically, we show that for any Turing-recognizable language, there exists a constant-space weak-qAM system, (the nonmembers do not need to be rejected with high probability), and we show that any Turing-recognizable language can be recognized by a constant-space qATM even with one-way input head. For strong proof systems, where the nonmembers must be rejected with high probability, we show that the known space-bounded classical private protocols can also be simulated by our public qAM system with the same space bound. Besides, we introduce a strong version of qATM: The qATM that must halt in every computation path. Then, we show that strong qATMs (similar to private ATMs) can simulate deterministic space with exponentially less space. This leads to shifting the deterministic space hierarchy exactly by one-level. The method behind the main results is a new public protocol cleverly using its fixed-size quantum register. Interestingly, the quantum part of this public protocol cannot be simulated by any space-bounded classical protocol in some cases.

  2. Equivalence between free quantum particles and those in harmonic potentials and its application to instantaneous changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ole Steuernagel

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In quantum physics the free particle and the harmonically trapped particle are arguably the most important systems a physicist needs to know about. It is little known that, mathematically, they are one and the same. This knowledge helps us to understand either from the viewpoint of the other. Here we show that all general time-dependent solutions of the free-particle Schroedinger equation can be mapped to solutions of the Schroedinger equation for harmonic potentials, both the trapping oscillator and the inverted 'oscillator'. This map is fully invertible and therefore induces an isomorphism between both types of system, they are equivalent. A composition of the map and its inverse allows us to map from one harmonic oscillator to another with a different spring constant and different center position. The map is independent of the state of the system, consisting only of a coordinate transformation and multiplication by a form factor, and can be chosen such that the state is identical in both systems at one point in time. This transition point in time can be chosen freely, the wave function of the particle evolving in time in one system before the transition point can therefore be linked up smoothly with the wave function for the other system and its future evolution after the transition point. Such a cut-and-paste procedure allows us to describe the instantaneous changes of the environment a particle finds itself in. Transitions from free to trapped systems, between harmonic traps of different spring constants or center positions, or, from harmonic binding to repulsive harmonic potentials are straightforwardly modelled. This includes some time-dependent harmonic potentials. The mappings introduced here are computationally more efficient than either state-projection or harmonic oscillator propagator techniques conventionally employed when describing instantaneous (non-a 1,920 characters

  3. View from the Bridge: Commercial Vehicle Perspective | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02Report | DepartmentTRUVictor Der About Us VictorViewView

  4. Wind Energy Facilities and Residential Properties: The Effect of Proximity and View on Sales Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind Energy Facilities and Residential Properties: The Effect of Proximity and View on Sales Prices *

  5. Package Equivalent Reactor Networks as Reduced Order Models for Use with CAPE-OPEN Compliant Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meeks, E.; Chou, C. -P.; Garratt, T.

    2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering simulations of coal gasifiers are typically performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, where a 3-D representation of the gasifier equipment is used to model the fluid flow in the gasifier and source terms from the coal gasification process are captured using discrete-phase model source terms. Simulations using this approach can be very time consuming, making it difficult to imbed such models into overall system simulations for plant design and optimization. For such system-level designs, process flowsheet software is typically used, such as Aspen Plus® [1], where each component where each component is modeled using a reduced-order model. For advanced power-generation systems, such as integrated gasifier/gas-turbine combined-cycle systems (IGCC), the critical components determining overall process efficiency and emissions are usually the gasifier and combustor. Providing more accurate and more computationally efficient reduced-order models for these components, then, enables much more effective plant-level design optimization and design for control. Based on the CHEMKIN-PRO and ENERGICO software, we have developed an automated methodology for generating an advanced form of reduced-order model for gasifiers and combustors. The reducedorder model offers representation of key unit operations in flowsheet simulations, while allowing simulation that is fast enough to be used in iterative flowsheet calculations. Using high-fidelity fluiddynamics models as input, Reaction Design’s ENERGICO® [2] software can automatically extract equivalent reactor networks (ERNs) from a CFD solution. For the advanced reduced-order concept, we introduce into the ERN a much more detailed kinetics model than can be included practically in the CFD simulation. The state-of-the-art chemistry solver technology within CHEMKIN-PRO allows that to be accomplished while still maintaining a very fast model turn-around time. In this way, the ERN becomes the basis for high-fidelity kinetics simulation, while maintaining the spatial information derived from the geometrically faithful CFD model. The reduced-order models are generated in such a way that they can be easily imported into a process flowsheet simulator, using the CAPE-OPEN architecture for unit operations. The ENERGICO/CHEMKIN-PRO software produces an ERN-definition file that is read by a dynamically linked library (DLL) that can be easily linked to any CAPE-OPEN compliant software. The plug-in unitoperation module has been successfully demonstrated for complex ERNs of coal gasifiers, using both Aspen Plus and COFE process flowsheet simulators through this published CAPE-OPEN interface.

  6. In all cases, ALOX5AP and its synonyms were highlighted automati-cally in each view. To highlight disease terms in these views, we

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    the results easy to explore. The novo|seek search box interface allows the user to enter a term (or the production of substances that cause inflammation, such as leukotrienes1. When we entered ALOX5AP as a search a simple view (title, journal and author), a snippet view (a simple view and the search term with flanking

  7. View Management for Driver Assistance in an HMD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cases. Nevertheless, an increasing number of companies have started to develop light- weight of (currently handheld) mobile augmented reality applications. For cars, this setup seems equally plausible factors need to be considered by future application developers. In view of this question we performed

  8. Analyzing and Visualizing Cosmological Simulations with ParaView

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodring, Jonathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Heitmann, Katrin [ORNL; Ahrens, James P [ORNL; Fasel, Patricia [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Hsu, Chung-Hsing [ORNL; Habib, Salman [ORNL; Pope, Adrian [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The advent of large cosmological sky surveys - ushering in the era of precision cosmology - has been accompanied by ever larger cosmological simulations. The analysis of these simulations, which currently encompass tens of billions of particles and up to a trillion particles in the near future, is often as daunting as carrying out the simulations in the first place. Therefore, the development of very efficient analysis tools combining qualitative and quantitative capabilities is a matter of some urgency. In this paper, we introduce new analysis features implemented within ParaView, a fully parallel, open-source visualization toolkit, to analyze large N-body simulations. A major aspect of ParaView is that it can live and operate on the same machines and utilize the same parallel power as the simulation codes themselves. In addition, data movement is in a serious bottleneck now and will become even more of an issue in the future; an interactive visualization and analysis tool that can handle data in situ is fast becoming essential. The new features in ParaView include particle readers and a very efficient halo finder that identifies friends-of-friends halos and determines common halo properties, including spherical overdensity properties. In combination with many other functionalities already existing within ParaView, such as histogram routines or interfaces to programming languages like Python, this enhanced version enables fast, interactive, and convenient analyses of large cosmological simulations. In addition, development paths are available for future extensions.

  9. Viewable image size Max view area (W x H)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    standards Environmental Preset resolutions Presets / user settings Viewing adjustments Rotating screen768 WXGA+: 1440x900 1600x900 WSXGA+: 1680x1050 Standard presets: VGA/DisplayPort: 26; DVI-D: 25; user 90 degrees from landscape to portrait (requires image rotation support from graphics controller

  10. Viewable image size Max view area (W x H)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    standards Environmental Preset resolutions Presets / user settings Viewing adjustments Rotating screen: 1920x1200 Standard presets: 30; user settings: 20 Tilt: 30° back, 0° forward; lift: 4.3" (110mm rotation support from graphics controller) On screen display with digital user controls (8 languages

  11. Self-Calibration from Two Views Richard I. Hartley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartley, Richard

    Self-Calibration from Two Views Richard I. Hartley G.E. CRD, Schenectady, NY, 12301. Email : hartley@crd.ge.com Abstract A new practical method is given for the self-calibration of a camera and calibration is computed from an analysis of point matches between the two images. The method requires

  12. Self-Calibration from Multiple Views with a Rotating Camera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartley, Richard

    Self-Calibration from Multiple Views with a Rotating Camera Richard I. Hartley G.E. CRD, Schenectady, NY, 12301. Email : hartley@crd.ge.com Abstract. A new practical method is given for the self-calibration orientations of the camera and calibration is computed from an analysis of point matches between the images

  13. adaptive optics views: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    optics views First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Design of an Adaptive Scanning Optical...

  14. General view on nuclear fission Karl-Heinz Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    General view on nuclear fission Karl-Heinz Schmidt Beatriz Jurado CENBG, CNRS/IN2 P3 Chemin du.amouroux@cea.fr 1 in2p3-00976648,version1-10Apr2014 #12;Abstract: A general approach to nuclear fission is described which ex- plains the complex appearance of fission observables by universal principles of theoretical

  15. Learning the Topology of Object Views Jan Wieghardt1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Würtz, Rolf P.

    Malsburg2,3 1 SIEMENS AG, CT SE 1, Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, D-81730 M¨unchen, Germany jan.wieghardt@mchp.siemens such a representation by deriving transformations between the different views of a given object, so that they can be pa, we construct such a representation by deriving transformations between the different visual

  16. NEWS AND VIEWS Modeling gene expression control using Omes Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Dat H.

    NEWS AND VIEWS Modeling gene expression control using Omes Law Harmen J Bussemaker Department class of methods that fit simple mathematical models of transcription regulation to DNA microarray data factors (TFs) to specific sites in the genome is a crucial step in the molecular process controlling gene

  17. Home Timeslide View Flipcard Voice RecognitionApplication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sóbester, András

    Home Timeslide View Flipcard Voice RecognitionApplication Solar DefectAnalysis Search N O V E M B E EnergyPanels 4. The Future In Technology 5. Hands On Solar Training 6. Wind EnergySolutions ads by media R 1 0 , 2 0 Revolutionary ultrasonic nozzle can reduce water and energy used for cleaning by ten

  18. The view-based approach to dynamic inter-organizational

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    The view-based approach to dynamic inter-organizational workflow cooperation Issam Chebbi, Samir Distributed Systems Group This paper presents a novel approach to inter-organizational workflow co- operation of workflows and their resources, thus providing powerful ways for inter- organizational workflow configuration

  19. Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide: A View of Lithium Ion Solvation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collum, David B.

    Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide: A View of Lithium Ion Solvation through a Glass-Bottom Boat BRETT L and reactivities, we were drawn to lithium hexamethyldisilazide (LiHMDS; (Me3Si)2NLi) by its promi- nence principles of lithium ion coordination chemistry.2 Understanding how solvation influences organolithium

  20. www.advmat.de www.MaterialsViews.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Soon Hyung

    by plasma- enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Methane (CH4) was used as the carbon source to synthesize. The strong protein-based adhesives found in marine mussel Mytilus edulis, provide an important insight for the solidification by oxidative chemical crosslinking.[21­24] From a chemical point of view, covalent crosslinking

  1. How species interact Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canet, Léonie

    How species interact Altering the Standard View on Trophic Ecology Roger Arditi and Lev R. Ginzburg, the French National Institute for Agricultural Research, in the research unit of Ecology and Evolution of ecology and evolution at Stony Brook University since 1977. He has published widely on theoretical

  2. View-Based Query Processing: On the Relationship Between Rewriting,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calvanese, Diego

    amounts to computing the tuples satisfying the query in all databases consistent with the views. Rewriting in the setting of semistructured databases, and in particular for the basic query class in this setting, i-0311326, IIS-9908435, IIS-9978135, EIA-0086264, and ANI-0216467, by US-Israel BSF grant 9800096, by Texas

  3. The Once and Future Warm Earth: A Paleoceanographic View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukop, Mike

    The Once and Future Warm Earth: A Paleoceanographic View Dr. Ted C. Moore, Jr., University of Michigan Predictions of climatic warming in the near future, if true, will approximate the very warm--and ended. In the early and mid Eocene the Arctic Ocean was ice-free and subtropical flora and fauna were

  4. news and views nucleotide binds to the polymerase and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schedl, Paul

    news and views nucleotide binds to the polymerase and before it is incorporated into DNA. Recent structures of several structurally diverse DNA polymerases complexed to DNA and nucleotide substrates have shown that their active sites adopt a closed conforma- tion upon binding to the correct nucleotide12

  5. Multiple Field of View MR Fluoroscopy Pelin Aksit,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atalar, Ergin

    Multiple Field of View MR Fluoroscopy Pelin Aksit,1 J. Andrew Derbyshire,2 Jean-Michel Serfaty,1 by several investigators (1­ 8). Intravascular MR compares favorably with other clini- cal diagnostic methods and Ergin Atalar1* This work describes a real-time imaging and visualization tech- nique that allows

  6. NEWS & VIEWS X-RaY oPtiCS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    NEWS & VIEWS X-RaY oPtiCS Clarity through a keyhole Janos Hajdu1,2 & Filipe R. n. C. maia2 are at 1 Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo, as it does in conventional crystallography, but only on the wavelength used, the extent of ionization damage

  7. APOLLO OVER THE MOON A View From Orbit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    #12;s Near ride #12;APOLLO OVER THE MOON A View From Orbit #12;#12;NASA SP-362 APOLLO OVER THE MOO Catalogingin Publication Data Main entry under title: Apollo over the moon. (NASA SP ;362) Bibliography: p. 251. 1. Moon-Photographs from space. 2. Project Apollo. I. Masursky, Harold, 1922- 11. Colton, George

  8. An Integrated View of Security Analysis and Performance Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldini, Alessandro

    An Integrated View of Security Analysis and Performance Evaluation: Trading QoS with Covert Channel@sti.uniurb.it Abstract. Security analysis and performance evaluation are two funda- mental activities in the system. This is accomplished by proposing a tool-supported methodology that combines noninterference-based security analysis

  9. 34 Jong-Seok Lee : Utilizing Concept of Vegetation Freeboard Equivalence in River Restoration International Journal of Contents, Vol.8, No.3, Sep 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    : Vegetation Freeboard Equivalence (VFE); River Restoration; Stream Rehabilitation; Levee Design; Flood Control34 Jong-Seok Lee : Utilizing Concept of Vegetation Freeboard Equivalence in River Restoration in River Restoration Jong-Seok Lee* Department of Civil Engineering Hanbat National University, Daejeon 301

  10. arXiv:1205.6074v1[physics.bio-ph]28May2012 Mesoscale symmetries explain dynamical equivalence of food webs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    arXiv:1205.6074v1[physics.bio-ph]28May2012 Mesoscale symmetries explain dynamical equivalence is to identify mesoscale structures that have distinct dynamical implications. In this paper we present show that this equivalence is rooted in mesoscale symmetries that exist in these webs. Certain

  11. An Estimate of the Order of Magnitude of the Explosion During a Core Meltdown-Compaction Accident for Heavy Liquid Metal Fast Reactors: A disquieting result updating the Bethe-Tait model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arias, Francisco J.; Parks, Geoffrey T.

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    but lasting over a timescale of milliseconds. The forms of the energy release and of the resulting struc- tural damage differ significantly between a high explosive detonation and a propellant conflagration. Considering the yield of TNT Containment Law... gravitational compaction of the 100 MWth core, the ves- sel could withstand the 60 kg TNT-equivalent explosion from a 100 $/s reactivity insertion if a bare core is as- sumed; however, allowing for the presence of the unboiled heavy liquid metal coolant...

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 49, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 123 Equivalency of Lightning Return-Stroke Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    be viewed as the duality of engineering models. The conversion alters the actual-corona current (if any) of the model. For lumped-source (LS) models the actual-corona cur- rent is unipolar and directed radially out of the channel core, while for distributed-source (DS) models it is unipolar and directed into the channel core

  13. The combination of de Broglie's Harmony of the Phases and Mie's theory of gravity results in a Principle of Equivalence for Quantum Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. P. J. de Haas

    2005-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Under a Lorentz-transformation, Mie's 1912 gravitational mass behaves identical as de Broglie's 1923 clock-like frequency. The same goes for Mie's inertial mass and de Broglie's wave-like frequency. This allows the interpretation of de Broglie's "Harmony of the Phases" as a "Principle of Equivalence" for Quantum Gravity. Thus, the particle-wave duality can be given a realist interpretation. The "Mie-de Broglie" interpretation suggests a correction of Hamilton's variational principle in the quantum domain. The equivalence of the masses can be seen as the classical "limit" of the quantum equivalence of the phases.

  14. On equivalence of high temperature series expansion and coupling parameter series expansion in thermodynamic perturbation theory of fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sai Venkata Ramana, A., E-mail: asaivenk@barc.gov.in [Theoretical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The coupling parameter series expansion and the high temperature series expansion in the thermodynamic perturbation theory of fluids are shown to be equivalent if the interaction potential is pairwise additive. As a consequence, for the class of fluids with the potential having a hardcore repulsion, if the hard-sphere fluid is chosen as reference system, the terms of coupling parameter series expansion for radial distribution function, direct correlation function, and Helmholtz free energy follow a scaling law with temperature. The scaling law is confirmed by application to square-well fluids.

  15. Is a multiple excitation of a single atom equivalent to a single excitation of an ensemble of atoms?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ido Kanter; Aviad Frydman; Assaf Ater

    2004-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent technological advances have enabled to isolate, control and measure the properties of a single atom, leading to the possibility to perform statistics on the behavior of single quantum systems. These experiments have enabled to check a question which was out of reach previously: Is the statistics of a repeatedly excitation of an atom N times equivalent to a single excitation of an ensemble of N atoms? We present a new method to analyze quantum measurements which leads to the postulation that the answer is most probably no. We discuss the merits of the analysis and its conclusion.

  16. Is a multiple excitation of a single atom equivalent to a single excitation of an ensemble of atoms?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanter, I; Ater, A; Kanter, Ido; Frydman, Aviad; Ater, Assaf

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent technological advances have enabled to isolate, control and measure the properties of a single atom, leading to the possibility to perform statistics on the behavior of single quantum systems. These experiments have enabled to check a question which was out of reach previously: Is the statistics of a repeatedly excitation of an atom N times equivalent to a single excitation of an ensemble of N atoms? We present a new method to analyze quantum measurements which leads to the postulation that the answer is most probably no. We discuss the merits of the analysis and its conclusion.

  17. Nepal: Western Views of the Maoist Insurgency and the Royal Takeover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burleigh, Peter

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Governance Presentation No. 2 Nepal: Western Views of theworkingpapers/index.html NEPAL: Western Views of the Maoistof the Maoist revolt in Nepal in 1996, there have been a

  18. Travel, work, and telecommunications: a view of the electronics revolution and its potential impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, William L.; Deakin, Elizabeth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TELECOMMUNICATIONS: A VIEW OF THE ELECTRONICS REVOLUTION ANDtechnologies and other electronics innovations ontelecommunications and other electronics innovations on the

  19. View Maintenance in a Warehousing Environment Yue Zhuge, Hector Garcia-Molina, Joachim Hammer, Jennifer Widom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammer, Joachim

    information, avail- able for queries and analysis (e.g., decision support, or data mining) IK93]. As relevantView Maintenance in a Warehousing Environment Yue Zhuge, Hector Garcia-Molina, Joachim Hammer are updated. This view maintenance prob- lem di ers from the traditional one in that the view de nition

  20. GenomeView: a next-generation genome browser Thomas Abeel1,2,3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    GenomeView: a next-generation genome browser Thomas Abeel1,2,3, *, Thomas Van Parys1,2 , Yvan Saeys GenomeView, a stand-alone genome browser specifically designed to visualize and manipulate a multitude of genomics data. GenomeView enables users to dynamically browse high volumes of aligned short-read data

  1. Improving the hot-spot pressure and demonstrating ignition hydrodynamic equivalence in cryogenic deuterium–tritium implosions on OMEGA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goncharov, V. N.; Sangster, T. C.; Betti, R.; Boehly, T. R.; Bonino, M. J.; Collins, T. J. B.; Craxton, R. S.; Delettrez, J. A.; Edgell, D. H.; Epstein, R.; Follett, R. K.; Forrest, C. J.; Froula, D. H.; Glebov, V. Yu.; Harding, D. R.; Henchen, R. J.; Hu, S. X.; Igumenshchev, I. V.; Janezic, R.; Kelly, J. H. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); and others

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Reaching ignition in direct-drive (DD) inertial confinement fusion implosions requires achieving central pressures in excess of 100 Gbar. The OMEGA laser system [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)] is used to study the physics of implosions that are hydrodynamically equivalent to the ignition designs on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) [J. A. Paisner et al., Laser Focus World 30, 75 (1994)]. It is shown that the highest hot-spot pressures (up to 40 Gbar) are achieved in target designs with a fuel adiabat of ? ? 4, an implosion velocity of 3.8?×?10{sup 7}?cm/s, and a laser intensity of ?10{sup 15}?W/cm{sup 2}. These moderate-adiabat implosions are well understood using two-dimensional hydrocode simulations. The performance of lower-adiabat implosions is significantly degraded relative to code predictions, a common feature between DD implosions on OMEGA and indirect-drive cryogenic implosions on the NIF. Simplified theoretical models are developed to gain physical understanding of the implosion dynamics that dictate the target performance. These models indicate that degradations in the shell density and integrity (caused by hydrodynamic instabilities during the target acceleration) coupled with hydrodynamics at stagnation are the main failure mechanisms in low-adiabat designs. To demonstrate ignition hydrodynamic equivalence in cryogenic implosions on OMEGA, the target-design robustness to hydrodynamic instability growth must be improved by reducing laser-coupling losses caused by cross beam energy transfer.

  2. Equivalent Circuit Description of Non-compensated n-p Codoped TiO2 as Intermediate Band Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian-Li Feng; Guang-Wei Deng; Yi Xia; Feng-Cheng Wu; Ping Cui; Hai-Ping Lan; Zhen-Yu Zhang

    2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The novel concept of non-compensated n-p codoping has made it possible to create tunable intermediate bands in the intrinsic band gap of TiO2, making the codoped TiO2 a promising material for developing intermediate band solar cells (IBSCs). Here we investigate the quantum efficiency of such IBSCs within two scenarios - with and without current extracted from the extended intermediate band. Using the ideal equivalent circuit model, we find that the maximum efficiency of 57% in the first scenario and 53% in the second are both much higher than the Shockley-Queisser limit from single gap solar cells. We also obtain various key quantities of the circuits, a useful step in realistic development of TiO2 based solar cells invoking device integration. These equivalent circuit results are also compared with the efficiencies obtained directly from consideration of electron transition between the energy bands, and both approaches reveal the intriguing existence of double peaks in the maximum quantum efficiency as a function of the relative location of IBs.

  3. Equivalent Circuit Description of Non-compensated n-p Codoped TiO2 as Intermediate Band Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Tian-Li; Xia, Yi; Wu, Feng-Cheng; Cui, Ping; Lan, Hai-Ping; Zhang, Zhen-Yu

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The novel concept of non-compensated n-p codoping has made it possible to create tunable intermediate bands in the intrinsic band gap of TiO2, making the codoped TiO2 a promising material for developing intermediate band solar cells (IBSCs). Here we investigate the quantum efficiency of such IBSCs within two scenarios - with and without current extracted from the extended intermediate band. Using the ideal equivalent circuit model, we find that the maximum efficiency of 57% in the first scenario and 53% in the second are both much higher than the Shockley-Queisser limit from single gap solar cells. We also obtain various key quantities of the circuits, a useful step in realistic development of TiO2 based solar cells invoking device integration. These equivalent circuit results are also compared with the efficiencies obtained directly from consideration of electron transition between the energy bands, and both approaches reveal the intriguing existence of double peaks in the maximum quantum efficiency as a fun...

  4. Ground control failures. A pictorial view of case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, S.S.

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The book shows, in pictorial views, many forms and/or stages of types of failures in mines, for instance, cutter, roof falls, and cribs. In each case, the year of occurrence is stated in the beginning so that the environment or technological background under which it occurred are reflected. The narrative than begins with the mining and geological conditions, followed by a description of the ground control problems and recommended solutions and results, if any. The sections cover failure of pillars, roof falls, longwall, roof bolting, multiple-seam mining, floor heave, longwall, flooding and weathering of coal, old workings, and shortwall and thin-seam plow longwall.

  5. Prairie View A&M University Whole Campus Energy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the guaranteed-savings energy management program at the Prairie View Campus. The two primary findings are as follows: (1) Savings to date. The current (April 1990) calculated guaranteed savings equal or exceed the monthly contracted savings rate. Electricity... consumption has decreased sharply since April 1987. Natural gas usage, and electric demand have also decreased significantly. The savings began to appear in October of 1987 at a rate of about $5,000 per month. These savings grew at a steady pace for the next...

  6. Chevy Chase View, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, click here.Telluric SurveyChelanVermont: EnergyView, Maryland: Energy Resources

  7. Skyline View, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, New York:SiG SolarSkykomish, Washington: Energy ResourcesView,

  8. A View from the Bridge - DOE Perspective | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartmentDepartment of Energy ThisThisthe National EnergyLookBroad view

  9. LabVIEW Core 2 Course | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5 - -/e),,s -LabgrantsLab team makesLab'sLabVIEW

  10. Prairie View Gas Recovery Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska: EnergyPiratiniEdwards,PoseyPoudrePowers EnergyCityPrairieRose,View

  11. Logan View Public Schools Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf KilaueaInformation Other AlternativePark,CedarPowerView Public

  12. Mountain View, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoon LakeMountain Electric Coop, IncView,

  13. OpenEI:Neutral point of view | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympia Green FuelsperCivicVersionNeutral point of view

  14. Better Buildings Network View | April 2014 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2, 2015Energyon23264Compare energy use byNew1Network View

  15. Bay View, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County, Florida: Energy Resources JumpHill,250986°,View,

  16. A View from the Bridge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic Framework for SMRA View from the Bridge - DOEThis

  17. A View from the Bridge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic Framework for SMRA View from the Bridge - DOEThisOn-

  18. A View from the Bridge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 A Strategic Framework for SMRA View from the Bridge -

  19. Forest View, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to:ar-80m.pdfFillmoreGabbs ValleyCity, Florida:Oklahoma:Forest View,

  20. Valley View, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga,planning methodologies andVacant Jump669°,Hill, NorthPark,View,