Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Optical Rain Gauge and Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge Comparisons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rain Gauge and Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge Comparisons Rain Gauge and Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge Comparisons at the ARM Climate Research Facility TWP Sites Michael T. Ritsche 1 , Donna J. Holdridge 1 , Amanda Deieso 2 , Amy Kanta 2 , and Jenni Prell 2 1 Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 2 Department of Geography, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 1. Introduction Measurement of rainfall and precipitation is a difficult task even in the best of circumstances. Different types of gauges are used depending on the type of precipitation expected (solid or liquid) and the rate at which it falls. The ARM Program uses two types of precipitation sensors in its surface meteorological systems: the optical rain gauge (ORG) and the tipping bucket rain gauge (TBRG). The ORG was originally

2

Estimating Rain Rates from Tipping-Bucket Rain Gauge Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the cubic spline–based operational system for the generation of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) 1-min rain-rate product 2A-56 from tipping-bucket (TB) gauge measurements. A simulated TB gauge from a Joss–...

Jianxin Wang; Brad L. Fisher; David B. Wolff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

DOE/SC-ARM/TR-079 Disdrometer and Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disdrometer and Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge Handbook MJ Bartholomew December 2009 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

4

Cooling circuit for a gas turbine bucket and tip shroud  

SciTech Connect

An open cooling circuit for a gas turbine bucket wherein the bucket has an airfoil portion, and a tip shroud, the cooling circuit including a plurality of radial cooling holes extending through the airfoil portion and communicating with an enlarged internal area within the tip shroud before exiting the tip shroud such that a cooling medium used to cool the airfoil portion is subsequently used to cool the tip shroud.

Willett, Fred Thomas (25 Long Creek Dr., Burnt Hills, NY 12027); Itzel, Gary Michael (12 Cider Mill Dr., Clifton Park, NY 12065); Stathopoulos, Dimitrios (11 Wyngate Rd., Glenmont, NY 12077); Plemmons, Larry Wayne (late of Hamilton, OH); Plemmons, Helen M. (2900 Long Ridge Trails, Hamilton, OH 45014); Lewis, Doyle C. (444 River Way, Greer, SC 29651)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Removable inner turbine shell with bucket tip clearance control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine includes a plurality of inner shell sections mounting first and second stage nozzle and shroud portions. The inner shell sections are pinned to an outer containment shell formed of sections to preclude circumferential movement of the inner shell relative to the outer shell and enable thermal expansion and contraction of the inner shell relative to the outer shell. Positive bucket tip clearance control is afforded by passing a thermal medium about the inner shell in heat transfer relation with the shrouds about the first and second stage bucket tips, the thermal medium being provided from a source of heating/cooling fluid independent of the turbine. Access is provided to the rotor and turbine buckets by removing the outer and inner shell sections.

Sexton, Brendan F. (Clifton Park, NY); Knuijt, Hans M. (Niskayuna, NY); Eldrid, Sacheverel Q. (Saratoga Springs, NY); Myers, Albert (Amsterdam, NY); Coneybeer, Kyle E. (Schenectady, NY); Johnson, David Martin (Ballston Lake, NY); Kellock, Iain R. (Clifton Park, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Rain Gauge and Disdrometer Measurements during the Keys Area Microphysics Project (KAMP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four impact disdrometers and 27 tipping bucket rain gauges were operated at 11 different sites during August and September 2001, as part of the Keys Area Microphysics Project. The rain gauge and disdrometer network was designed to study the range ...

Ali Tokay; David B. Wolff; Katherine R. Wolff; Paul Bashor

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

ARM - Instrument - rain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsrain govInstrumentsrain Documentation RAIN : Handbook RAIN : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports RAIN : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Rain Gauge (RAIN) Beneficiary of Recovery Act funding. Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology General Overview The tipping bucket rain gauge was located next to the disdrometer. It was replaced with a weighing bucket rain gauge in FY2010. Please contact the instrument mentor, if you have any questions. Output Datastreams rain : Rain gauge Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Precipitation Locations Eastern North Atlantic

8

Relative Performance of Automatic Rain Gauges under Different Rainfall Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Six different types of automatic rain gauges, including tipping bucket, weighing, capacitance, optical, disdrometer, and acoustical sensors, were deployed for 17 months (September 1993–January 1995) at the NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and ...

Jeffrey A. Nystuen

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

NASA/TM-1998-208419 Buckets: Aggregative, Intelligent Agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-format, bucket, container, package. INTRODUCTION Digital libraries (DLs) are an important research topic in many together. A single bucket can have multiple packages. Packages can correspond to the semantics bucket, bucket terms and conditions, pointers to other buckets or packages, etc. A single package can

Nelson, Michael L.

10

Turbine bucket natural frequency tuning rib  

SciTech Connect

A tuning rib is added preferably in the aft cavity of a cored turbine bucket to alter the bucket's natural frequencies. The tuning rib may be a solid rib or a segmented rib and is particularly suited for altering high order frequency modes such as 2T, 4F and 1-3S. As such, detrimental crossings of natural bucket frequencies and gas turbine stimuli can be avoided to thereby improve the reliability of a gas turbine without impacting other features of the bucket that are important to the performance of the gas turbine.

Wang, John Zhiqiang (Greenville, SC); Norton, Paul Francis (Greenville, SC); Barb, Kevin Joseph (Halfmoon, NY); Jacala, Ariel Caesar-Prepena (Simpsonville, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Gas turbine bucket wall thickness control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A core for use in casting a turbine bucket including serpentine cooling passages is divided into two pieces including a leading edge core section and a trailing edge core section. Wall thicknesses at the leading edge and the trailing edge of the turbine bucket can be controlled independent of each other by separately positioning the leading edge core section and the trailing edge core section in the casting die. The controlled leading and trailing edge thicknesses can thus be optimized for efficient cooling, resulting in more efficient turbine operation.

Stathopoulos, Dimitrios (Glenmont, NY); Xu, Liming (Greenville, SC); Lewis, Doyle C. (Greer, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Algorithms for discovering bucket orders from data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ordering and ranking items of different types are important tasks in various applications, such as query processing and scientific data mining. A total order for the items can be misleading, since there are groups of items that have practically equal ... Keywords: bucket order, ordering, partial order, ranking

Aristides Gionis; Heikki Mannila; Kai Puolamäki; Antti Ukkonen

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Liquid cooled counter flow turbine bucket  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Means and a method are provided whereby liquid coolant flows radially outward through coolant passages in a liquid cooled turbine bucket under the influence of centrifugal force while in contact with countercurrently flowing coolant vapor such that liquid is entrained in the flow of vapor resulting in an increase in the wetted cooling area of the individual passages.

Dakin, James T. (Schenectady, NY)

1982-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

14

Cooling circuit for and method of cooling a gas turbine bucket  

SciTech Connect

A closed internal cooling circuit for a gas turbine bucket includes axial supply and return passages in the dovetail of the bucket. A first radial outward supply passage provides cooling medium to and along a passageway adjacent the leading edge and then through serpentine arranged passageways within the airfoil to a chamber adjacent the airfoil tip. A second radial passage crosses over the radial return passage for supplying cooling medium to and along a pair of passageways along the trailing edge of the airfoil section. The last passageway of the serpentine passageways and the pair of passageways communicate one with the other in the chamber for returning spent cooling medium radially inwardly along divided return passageways to the return passage. In this manner, both the leading and trailing edges are cooled using the highest pressure, lowest temperature cooling medium.

Jacala, Ariel C. P. (Simpsonville, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

BBAT: Bunch and bucket analysis tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBAT is written to meet the need of an interactive graphical tool to explore the longitudinal phase space. It is driven for testing new ideas or new tricks quickly. It is especially suitable for machine physicists or operation staff as well both in the control room during machine studies or off-line to analyze the data. The heart of the package contains a set of c-routines to do the number crunching. The graphics part is wired with scripting language tcl/tk and BLT. The c-routines are general enough that one can write new applications such as animation of the bucket as a machine parameter varies via a sliding scale. BBAT deals with single rf system. For double rf system, one can use Dr. BBAT, which stands for Double rf Bunch and Bucket Analysis Tool. One usage of Dr. BBAT is to visualize the process of bunch coalescing and flat bunch creation.

Deng, D.P.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Gas turbine bucket with impingement cooled platform  

SciTech Connect

In a turbine bucket having an airfoil portion and a root portion, with a substantially planar platform at an interface between the airfoil portion and root portion, a platform cooling arrangement including at least one bore in the root portion and at least one impingement cooling tube seated in the bore, the tube extending beyond the bore with an outlet in close proximity to a targeted area on an underside of the platform.

Jones, Raphael Durand (Guilderland, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Bucket wheel reclaimer modeling as a robotic arm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bucket Wheeel Reclaimer (BWR) has been widely used for stacking/reclaiming bulk materials (i.e. iron ore) onto/from stockpiles in mining industry. Generally speaking, current BWRs are manually operated, remotely operated, or automated to simply follow ... Keywords: bucket wheel reclaimer, control, and fuzzy logic, modeling and simulation

Tien-Fu Lu

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Debunching into a bucket of lower harmonic number  

SciTech Connect

The adiabatic debunching of beam from buckets of higher harmonic number into waiting buckets of lower harmonic number is a critical step in the current scheme of operation for Tev I. The optimum choice of rf system parameters for this ''bunch coalescing'' process is not immediately obvious. In this note two examples are presented along with generalizations based upon them and experience with the Tevatron I design which can simplify the selection of appropriate parameters for different conditions.

MacLachlan, J.A.; Griffin, J.E.

1987-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

19

Stage 3 bucket shank bypass holes and related method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a multi-stage turbine wherein at least one turbine wheel supports a row of buckets for rotation, and wherein the turbine wheel is located axially between first and second annular fixed arrays of nozzles, a cooling air circuit for purging a wheelspace between the turbine wheel and the second fixed annular array of nozzles comprising a flowpath through a shank portion of one or more buckets connecting a wheelspace between the turbine wheel and the first fixed annular array of nozzles with the wheelspace between the turbine wheel and the second fixed annular array of nozzles.

Leone, Sal Albert (Scotia, NY); Eldrid, Sacheverel Quentin (Saratoga Springs, NY); Lupe, Douglas Arthur (Ballston Lake, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

TIP Facts Sheets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... All documents are in PDF file format. White Paper Facts; TIP at a Glance; TIP Investment in Civil Infrastructure; TIP Investment in Manufacturing; ...

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

TIP Advisory Board  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The TIP Advisory Board reports on the general health of the Program and offers guidance on investment areas that are appropriate for TIP funding. ...

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

22

Gas turbine bucket cooling circuit and related process  

SciTech Connect

A turbine bucket includes an airfoil portion having leading and trailing edges; at least one radially extending cooling passage within the airfoil portion, the airfoil portion joined to a platform at a radially inner end of the airfoil portion; a dovetail mounting portion enclosing a cooling medium supply passage; and, a crossover passage in fluid communication with the cooling medium supply passage and with at least one radially extending cooling passage, the crossover passage having a portion extending along and substantially parallel to an underside surface of the platform.

Lewis, Doyle C. (Greer, SC); Barb, Kevin Joseph (Halfmoon, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Chlorophyll and acid rain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chlorophyll and acid rain Chlorophyll and acid rain Name: beachbum Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: A while ago I read an article that stated that after a plant received acid rain, there seemed to be less of chlorophyll a and b in the plant. I was wondering where does the chlorophyll go and what is the actual process (cell structure affected?). Replies: I think that less chlorophyll being present would be more likely a result of less being produced. Plant cell constantly turn over cell material, it will also constantly produce more. So if one compares a plant not exposed to acid rain (presumably producing a normal amount of chlorophyll and the exposed plant then one sees that the exposed plant has less chlorophyll than the unexposed plant. I do not think I can answer the rest of your question.

24

ARM - Datastreams - rain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamsrain Datastreamsrain Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025264 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : RAIN Rain gauge Active Dates 2006.03.01 - 2014.01.09 Measurement Categories Atmospheric State Originating Instrument Rain Gauge (RAIN) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time Record with error unitless error_latch ( time ) Frequency average, sensor 1 Hz frequency1 ( time ) Frequency average, sensor 2 Hz frequency2 ( time )

25

(Acid rain workshop)  

SciTech Connect

The traveler presented a paper entitled Susceptibility of Asian Ecosystems to Soil-Mediated Acid Rain Damage'' at the Second Workshop on Acid Rain in Asia. The workshop was organized by the Asian Institute of Technology (Bangkok, Thailand), Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne, Illinois), and Resource Management Associates (Madison, Wisconsin) and was sponsored by the US Department of Energy, the United Nations Environment Program, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, and the World Bank. Papers presented on the first day discussed how the experience gained with acid rain in North America and Europe might be applied to the Asian situation. Papers describing energy use projections, sulfur emissions, and effects of acid rain in several Asian countries were presented on the second day. The remaining time was allotted to discussion, planning, and writing plans for a future research program.

Turner, R.S.

1990-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

26

Rain sampling device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention constitutes a rain sampling device adapted for independent operation at locations remote from the user which allows rainfall to be sampled in accordance with any schedule desired by the user. The rain sampling device includes a mechanism for directing wet precipitation into a chamber, a chamber for temporarily holding the precipitation during the process of collection, a valve mechanism for controllably releasing samples of the precipitation from the chamber, a means for distributing the samples released from the holding chamber into vessels adapted for permanently retaining these samples, and an electrical mechanism for regulating the operation of the device. 11 figures.

Nelson, D.A.; Tomich, S.D.; Glover, D.W.; Allen, E.V.; Hales, J.M.; Dana, M.T.

1991-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

27

In Search of the Rain Forest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: In Search of the Rain Forest By Candace Slater (Candace Slater (Ed. ). In Search of the Rain Forest. Durham:

Hamilton-Smith, Elery

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Pricing and admission control for shared computer services using the token bucket mechanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents and analyzes token-bucket pricing schemes for shared resources. This research is motivated by the computer services industry, where services are provided mostly on a dedicated basis. However, ...

Baron, Opher, 1970-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Singin' in the Rain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Singin' in Singin' in the Rain News Featured Articles 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.25.13 Singin' in the Rain Ultra water-repellent material developed at Brookhaven Lab may lead to many warming applications. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Brookhaven Lab physicist Antonio Checco. Photo courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory When it comes to designing extremely water-repellent surfaces, shape and size matter. That's the finding of a group of scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, who investigated the

30

News in TIP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

News in TIP. 04/03/12. Wu Elected SPIE Fellow. 07/06/11. Help Wanted: NIST Conducting Nationwide Search for New Director ...

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

31

Biases of Rain Retrieval Algorithms for Spaceborne Radar Caused by Nonuniformity of Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The biases of various rain retrieval algorithms for a spaceborne rain radar due to nonuniformity of rain are studied using simple models and an actual time sequence of rainfall rate. A conventional rain retrieval algorithm in which measured radar ...

Kenji Nakamura

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Simulations of RF capture with barrier bucket in booster at injection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the effort to increase the number of ions per bunch in RHIC, a new scheme for RF capture of EBIS ions in Booster at injection has been developed. The scheme was proposed by M. Blaskiewicz and J.M. Brennan. It employs a barrier bucket to hold a half turn of beam in place during capture into two adjacent harmonic 4 buckets. After acceleration, this allows for 8 transfers of 2 bunches from Booster into 16 buckets on the AGS injection porch. During the Fall of 2011 the necessary hardware was developed and implemented by the RF and Controls groups. The scheme is presently being commissioned by K.L. Zeno with Au32+ ions from EBIS. In this note we carry out simulations of the RF capture. These are meant to serve as benchmarks for what can be achieved in practice. They also allow for an estimate of the longitudinal emittance of the bunches on the AGS injection porch.

Gardner, C.J.

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

33

ARM TR-008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disdrometer and Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge Handbook January 2006 M.J. Bartholomew Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and...

34

Rainfall Amount, Intensity, Duration, and Frequency Relationships in the Mae Chaem Watershed in Southeast Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dense tipping-bucket rain gauge network was established in the Mae Chaem watershed in the mountains of northwestern Thailand as part of the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Asian Monsoon Experiment-Tropics (GAME-T). ...

Koji Dairaku; Seita Emori; Taikan Oki

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Surface Measurements of Precipitation from an Ocean Mooring: The Underwater Acoustic Log from the South China Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface measurements of precipitation in oceanic environments have proven especially difficult to obtain because traditional technologies such as tipping-bucket rain gauges are unsuitable for deployment from oceanic platforms such as ships and ...

Jeffrey A. Nystuen; Michael J. McPhaden; H. Paul Freitag

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

A Probability Distribution Model for Rain Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic approach is suggested for modeling the probability distribution of rain rate. Rain rate, conditional on rain and averaged over a region, is modeled as a temporally homogeneous diffusion process with appropriate boundary conditions. ...

Benjamin Kedem; Harry Pavlopoulos; Xiaodong Guan; David A. Short

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Horton Tip Sheet | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

business resources State and local government resources Horton Tip Sheet Learn six tips to try at home from this fact color fact sheet featuring Horton. Download the Horton...

38

Water Conservation Tips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gardener Water Conservation Tips fo r t h e UCSC Farm &share some of the water-conservation techniques used at theWinter Squash Water Conservation Mulches will save water,

Brown, Martha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Gas-Saving Tips  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Gas-Saving Tips Some consumers believe fuel economy ratings are a fixed num- ber, like engine size or cargo volume. However, a vehicle's fuel economy can vary significantly due to...

40

Gas Mileage Tips  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

you are already following these tips, you are probably getting the best gas mileage your car can deliver. Drive more efficiently Keep your car in shape Plan & combining trips...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Water Conservation Tips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gardener Water Conservation Tips fo r t h e UCSC Farm &we share some of the water-conservation techniques used atWinter Squash Water Conservation Mulches will save water,

Brown, Martha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Preparation for turning a Bucket Wheel Reclaimer into a robotic arm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the ground work prepared for turning a Bucket Wheel Reclaimer (BWR) into a robotic arm for operation automation. BWR has been widely used in dealing with bulk materials by removing them from the conveyor and stack them as well as ...

Tien-Fu Lu

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Warm Rain Study in Hawaii—Rain Initiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than 300 hours of aircraft flights were conducted in Hawaii from 1977 to 1979 to study precipitation mechanisms in warm rain. Airborne instruments were used to measure drop size distributions over the size range from cloud droplets to ...

Tsutomu Takahashi

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Controlling acid rain : policy issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The policy and regulatory ramifications of U.S. acid rain control programs are examined; particularly, the alternative of a receptor-oriented strategy as constrasted to emission-oriented proposals (e.g., the Mitchell bill) ...

Fay, James A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Gas-Saving Tips  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Gas-Saving Tips Gas-Saving Tips Some consumers believe fuel economy ratings are a fixed number, like engine size or cargo volume. However, a vehicle's fuel economy can vary significantly due to several factors, including how the vehicle is driven, the vehicle's mechanical condition, and the environment in which it is driven. That's good news. It means you may be able to improve your vehicle's gas mileage through proper maintenance and driving habits. In fact, studies suggest the average driver can improve his/her fuel economy by roughly 10 percent. Here are a few simple tips to help you get the best possible fuel economy from your vehicle and reduce your fuel costs. Adopt Good Driving Habits Drive Sensibly Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration and braking)

46

Magnet pole tips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved magnet which more easily provides a radially increasing magnetic field, as well as reduced fringe field and requires less power for a given field intensity. The subject invention comprises a pair of spaced, opposed magnetic poles which further comprise a pair of pole roots, each having a pole tip attached to its center. The pole tips define the gap between the magnetic poles and at least a portion of each pole tip is separated from its associated pole root. The separation begins at a predetermined distance from the center of the pole root and increases with increasing radial distance while being constant with azimuth within that portion. Magnets in accordance with the subject invention have been found to be particularly advantageous for use in large isochronous cyclotrons.

Thorn, Craig E. (Wading River, NY); Chasman, Chellis (Setauket, NY); Baltz, Anthony J. (Coram, NY)

1984-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

47

Magnet pole tips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved magnet more easily provides a radially increasing magnetic field, as well as reduced fringe field and requires less power for a given field intensity. The subject invention comprises a pair of spaced, opposed magnetic poles which further comprise a pair of pole roots, each having a pole tip attached to its center. The pole tips define the gap between the magnetic poles and at least a portion of each pole tip is separated from its associated pole root. The separation begins at a predetermined distance from the center of the pole root and increases with increasing radial distance while being constant with azimuth within that portion. Magnets in accordance with the subject invention have been found to be particularly advantageous for use in large isochronous cyclotrons.

Thorn, C.E.; Chasman, C.; Baltz, A.J.

1981-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

48

Life Management System for Advanced E Class Gas Turbines: General Electric 7EA 1st Stage Bucket Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a continuation in an ongoing series of life management studies for turbine hot section components. It represents the efforts associated with benchmarking the 1st row bucket of the General Electric 7EA class of machines. It describes the application of the Hot Section Life Management Platform (HSLMP) and the temperatures, stress and life consumption that occur in the bucket during cyclic and base load operation.

2005-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

49

Guideline for the Procurement of Buckets and Nozzles for General Electric MS7001 Model E/EA Gas Turbines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, a number of aftermarket component suppliers have begun offering replacement 1st, 2nd, and 3rd stage buckets and nozzles for the General Electric (GE) MS7001 Model E and EA gas turbine. Several different designs, materials, and casting processes have been offered for these components for operation over at different peak firing temperatures. This procurement guideline is intended to provide owners with the requirements necessary to procure all three stages of buckets and the first stage no...

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

50

Tips: Transportation | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation Tips: Transportation July 5, 2012 - 5:19pm Addthis Tips: Transportation In 2010, Americans traveled a total of 3 trillion miles -- the equivalent of 6.5 million...

51

CBS News Tip Sheets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News Tip Sheets News Tip Sheets Table of Contents Summer 1998 Reducing the Federal Energy Bill A Survey: Indoor Air Quality in Schools International Energy-Efficiency Standards EnergyPlus: The Merger of BLAST and DOE-2 Winter 1998 Five-Lab Study Examines Carbon-Reduction Strategies Reducing Leaking Electricity The Efficient Window Collaborative Efficiency of Exterior Exposed Duct Work Fall 1997 The Home Energy Saver Utilities Group Aids in Restructuring Process THERM: Modeling Building Heat Flow Thermal Performance of Phase Change Wallboard for Residential Cooling Summer 1997 Improved Productivity and Health from Better Indoor Environments Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Industrialized Countries Building Software Tools with Interoperability Spring 1997 Indoor Air Quality in New Energy-Efficient Houses

52

Tips for Daylighting - Browse  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tips for Daylighting with Windows Tips for Daylighting with Windows These guidelines provide an integrated approach to the cost-effective design of perimeter zones in new commercial buildings. They function as a quick reference for designers through a set of easy steps and rules-of-thumb, emphasizing "how-to" practical details. References are given to more detailed sources of information, should the reader wish to go further. No guidelines can answer all possible questions from all types of users. However, this document addresses the most commonly occurring scenarios. The guidance here is limited by the medium; short paper documents can only go so far in assisting a designer with a unique project. This document has been carefully shaped to best meet the needs of a designer when time does not permit a more extensive form of assistance.

53

A Piezoelectrical Rain Gauge for Application on Buoys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain gauge systems are required to measure rainfall data on buoys at oceanic sites that are not suited for conventional rain sensors. A piezoelectrical rain gauge has been developed for use on buoys, to provide rain measurements just above the ...

Jörg Förster; Giselher Gust; Siegfried Stolte

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Interactions between Rain and Wind Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of rain on surface waves have been investigated in a circulating wind-wave tank. Surface displacement and slope spectra under different wind velocities were measured near the upwind and downwind edges of a region with simulated rains. ...

Ying-Keung Poon; Shih Tang; Jin Wu

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Rain Rate Estimates from Differential Polarization Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an analysis of the accuracy of rain rate estimates from data observed with a radar that has alternating horizontal and vertical polarization. Theoretical accuracies of rain rates from the reflectivity, the differential ...

M. Sachidananda; D. S. Zrni?

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

NEWTON: Why Does It Rain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Why Does It Rain? Why Does It Rain? Name: Drama Status: student Grade: K-3 Location: FL Country: USA Date: Fall 2011 Question: Why does it rain? Replies: Drama, When water is heated it evaporates into the air. You cannot see the water in the air, but sometimes you can feel it (especially when it is hot outside). Have you ever noticed that on some warm days it is really humid (sticky and sweaty) and other warm days it feels dry? You might have also noticed that in the morning, when the air is cool, you might find dew or mist on the leaves and grass. This occurs because cold air cannot hold much of moisture. There is a limit to the amount of water that air can hold. This limit is known as the saturation limit (or dew point). When the air is completely saturated and cannot hold any more water, then it comes down as rain (and leaves all that heat in the air).

57

Gas Mileage Tips - Mobile  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas Mileage Tips Gas Mileage Tips Drive sensibly Agressive Driver Save 5% to 33% by avoiding speeding and aggressive accelerating and braking. Save: $0.16-$1.07 per gallon Obey the speed limit 65 mph sign Each 5 mph you drive over 50 mph can lower gas mileage by 7% or more. Save: $0.23-$0.45 per gallon Keep your engine properly tuned Man and woman looking under hood Fixing an out-of-tune engine can improve its efficiency by 4% on average. Save: $0.13 per gallon Keep tires properly inflated Woman checking tire pressure Under-inflated tires can lower gas mileage by 0.3% for every 1 psi drop in pressure of all four tires. Save: Up to $0.10 per gallon Remove un-needed cargo Woman shopping for a car An extra 50 to 100 pounds can lower gas mileage by about 1% to 2%. Save: $0.03-$0.06 per gallon

58

A bunch to bucket phase detector for the RHIC LLRF upgrade platform  

SciTech Connect

As part of the overall development effort for the RHIC LLRF Upgrade Platform [1,2,3], a generic four channel 16 bit Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) daughter module was developed to provide high speed, wide dynamic range digitizing and processing of signals from DC to several hundred megahertz. The first operational use of this card was to implement the bunch to bucket phase detector for the RHIC LLRF beam control feedback loops. This paper will describe the design and performance features of this daughter module as a bunch to bucket phase detector, and also provide an overview of its place within the overall LLRF platform architecture as a high performance digitizer and signal processing module suitable to a variety of applications. In modern digital control and signal processing systems, ADCs provide the interface between the analog and digital signal domains. Once digitized, signals are then typically processed using algorithms implemented in field programmable gate array (FPGA) logic, general purpose processors (GPPs), digital signal processors (DSPs) or a combination of these. For the recently developed and commissioned RHIC LLRF Upgrade Platform, we've developed a four channel ADC daughter module based on the Linear Technology LTC2209 16 bit, 160 MSPS ADC and the Xilinx V5FX70T FPGA. The module is designed to be relatively generic in application, and with minimal analog filtering on board, is capable of processing signals from DC to 500 MHz or more. The module's first application was to implement the bunch to bucket phase detector (BTB-PD) for the RHIC LLRF system. The same module also provides DC digitizing of analog processed BPM signals used by the LLRF system for radial feedback.

Smith, K.S.; Harvey, M.; Hayes, T.; Narayan, G.; Polizzo, S.; Severino, F.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

59

Seasonal Tips | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Savers seasonal website and learn great ways to reduce your energy bill. Tips range from small changes you can make immediately, such as closing your drapes, to...

60

Gas only nozzle fuel tip  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A diffusion flame nozzle gas tip is provided to convert a dual fuel nozzle to a gas only nozzle. The nozzle tip diverts compressor discharge air from the passage feeding the diffusion nozzle air swirl vanes to a region vacated by removal of the dual fuel components, so that the diverted compressor discharge air can flow to and through effusion holes in the end cap plate of the nozzle tip. In a preferred embodiment, the nozzle gas tip defines a cavity for receiving the compressor discharge air from a peripheral passage of the nozzle for flow through the effusion openings defined in the end cap plate.

Bechtel, William Theodore (Scotia, NY); Fitts, David Orus (Ballston Spa, NY); DeLeonardo, Guy Wayne (Glenville, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Cooling supply system for stage 3 bucket of a gas turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a land based gas turbine including a compressor, a combustor and turbine section including at least three stages, an improvement comprising an inlet into a third stage nozzle from the compressor for feeding cooling air from the compressor to the third stage nozzle; at least one passageway running substantially radially through each airfoil of the third stage nozzle and an associated diaphragm, into an annular space between the rotor and the diaphragm; and passageways communicating between the annular space and individual buckets of the third stage.

Eldrid, Sacheverel Quentin (Saratoga Springs, NY); Burns, James Lee (Schenectady, NY); Palmer, Gene David (Clifton Park, NY); Leone, Sal Albert (Scotia, NY); Drlik, Gary Joseph (Fairfield, OH); Gibler, Edward Eugene (Cincinnati, OH)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Tips: References | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: References Tips: References Tips: References April 11, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis Tips: References The following resources were used to develop the Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Cool Roof Rating Council Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE Building America DOE Building Technologies Program DOE Building Technologies Program, 2010 Buildings Energy Databook DOE Energy Information Administration Residential Energy Consumption Survey DOE/EPA Fuel Economy Guide DOE Federal Energy Management Program DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability ENERGY STAR® Green Roofs for Healthy Cities National Renewable Energy Laboratory

63

Advanced Rain/No-Rain Classification Methods for Microwave Radiometer Observations over Land  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seto et al. developed rain/no-rain classification (RNC) methods over land for the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI). In this study, the methods are modified for application to other microwave radiometers. The ...

Shinta Seto; Takuji Kubota; Nobuhiro Takahashi; Toshio Iguchi; Taikan Oki

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Evidence for an Oscillatory Rain Rate in a Midwestern Winter Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain rate during light precipitation in winter was measured with high temporal resolution optical systems at a site in Illinois. In addition to quasi-periodic variations, a clearly sinusoidal oscillation in rain rate was found imbedded in the ...

R. B. Fritz; R. J. Hill; J. T. Priestley; W. P. Schoenfeld

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

The Relation between the Area-Average Rain Rate and the Rain Cell Size Distribution Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A review of the literature on the rain cell diameter distribution (RCDD) is first presented. It shows that RCDD, for a given rain-rate threshold ?, is accurately described by an exponential distribution with an exponential parameter ? weakly ...

Henri Sauvageot; Frédéric Mesnard; Ricardo S. Tenório

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Clean Cities: Tips for Public Outreach  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tips for Public Outreach to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Tips for Public Outreach on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Tips for Public Outreach on Twitter Bookmark Clean...

67

Tips: References | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

References References Tips: References April 11, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis Tips: References The following resources were used to develop the Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Cool Roof Rating Council Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE Building America DOE Building Technologies Program DOE Building Technologies Program, 2010 Buildings Energy Databook DOE Energy Information Administration Residential Energy Consumption Survey DOE/EPA Fuel Economy Guide DOE Federal Energy Management Program DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability ENERGY STAR® Green Roofs for Healthy Cities National Renewable Energy Laboratory

68

The norm of restaurant tipping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using survey data, we identify a variety of factors that influence tipping behavior and in the process lay out a simple theoretical framework to help to interpret our empirical observations. We first investigate the efficiency of observed tipping behavior. While there are elements of efficiency— notably, percent tip depends on service quality—it does not appear fully efficient. We then posit a model in which customers trade off material well-being against disutility from not adhering to the norm, and we use this model to reinterpret initial empirical findings and make additional empirical predictions.

Michael Conlin; Michael Lynn; Ted O’Donoghue

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Characteristics of Rain Integral Parameters during Tropical Convective, Transition, and Stratiform Rain at Gadanki and Its Application in Rain Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present study the characteristics of rain integral parameters during tropical convective (C), transition (T), and stratiform (S) types of rain are studied with the help of Joss–Waldvogel disdrometer (JWD), L-band, and very-high-frequency ...

Sanjay Sharma; Mahen Konwar; Diganta Kumar Sarma; M. C. R. Kalapureddy; A. R. Jain

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Lighting Tip Card | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Lighting Tip Card Lighting Tip Card lightingtipcardlores.pdf More Documents & Publications...

71

Lighting Tip Card | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Lighting Tip Card Lighting Tip Card lightingtipcardhires.pdf More Documents & Publications...

72

Sources of Data on Freezing Rain and Resulting Damages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Freezing rain produces major damages each year in the United States, and various affected groups continue to seek data on the incidence and losses produced by freezing rain. The various kinds of data available about freezing rain and related ...

Stanley A. Changnon; Tamara G. Creech

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Seasonal Tips | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seasonal Tips Seasonal Tips Seasonal Tips January 23, 2012 - 11:30am Addthis Amanda McAlpin I've often wished I lived in one of those fabulous places where it's 72 degrees and sunny year-round. But unfortunately, most of us don't. And to stay comfortable, we need heat and hot coffee in the winter, and air-conditioning and lemonade in the summer. Luckily, part of the Energy Savers site is dedicated to helping us save energy during all four seasons. Bring up the dedicated Energy Savers seasonal website and learn great ways to reduce your energy bill. Tips range from small changes you can make immediately, such as closing your drapes, to information on modifications you can make to your home for even larger benefits. There is even information on assistance for energy-savings improvements to your home.

74

Energy Savers: Cool Summer Tips  

SciTech Connect

A tri-fold brochure addressing energy-saving tips for homeowners ranging from low- or no-cost suggestions to higher cost suggestions for longer-term savings. Cooling, windows, weatherizing, and landscaping are addressed.

Miller, M.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

75

Urban Modification of Freezing-Rain Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new national database for freezing-rain occurrences during the 1945–2000 period provided an opportunity for a study of the potential urban effects on freezing-rain events. Numerous past studies of snowfall events in urban areas have defined ...

Stanley A. Changnon

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Plasma and operational conditions in a high species filter bucket source  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experimental details of operation and plasma flow are presented for bucket ion sources having magnetic flux that bridges the source between the regions of electron injection and ion extraction. The basic goal is to increase the atomic fraction of hydrogen and deuterium by 15% and yet retain an ion-flux-density uniformity over the extraction region to within +- 7%. A rod structure containing permanent magnets produces a known bridging flux filter across a well-defined region. This provides an experimental apparatus useful for the study of the effect of magnetic flux on the source plasma flow. The parameters of filter position, filter strength, filter orientation, arc power, and gas pressure are related to species fractions, profile uniformity, and electrical efficiency. The option of having the bridging flux without a rod structure is presented, and experimental results of sources thought to contain this field configuration are discussed.

Pincosy, P.A.; Ehlers, K.W.; Lietzke, A.F.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

SAR Imagery: Rain Forests, South America  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Images of Rain Forests in South America Images of Rain Forests in South America The ORNL DAAC now offers a CD-ROM volume containing Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery of the rain forest region of South America, including the Amazon Basin. The images were collected during 1995-1996 as part of an international project led by the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) to map the world's rain forest regions to high resolution by means of SAR. The 4-disc volume--entitled "JERS-1 SAR Global Rain Forest Mapping Project: Vol. AM-1, South America"--is made available under the auspices of the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). These CDs can be ordered through the ORNL DAAC at http://daac.ornl.gov/prepaks.shtml (look for the "LBA" listings).

78

Winter Safety Information & Tips  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 1 WINTER TERMINOLOGY It' s important that you understand winter storm terms so that you can prepare adequately, whether you are walking to the store or driving across the state. * Winter Weather Advisory : Issued when snow, sleet, freezing rain, or combination of precipitation types is expected to cause a significant inconvenience but not serious enough to warrant a warning. * Snow Advisory: - 2-4 inches of snow in a 12 hour period * Freezing Rain Advisory: - Ice accumulations of less than 1/4 inch * Ice Storm Warning: - 1/4 inch or more of ice accumulation January 2007 2 WINTER TERMINOLOGY * Winter Storm Watch: Issued when there is the potential for significant and hazardous winter weather within 48 hours. It does not mean that significant and hazardous winter weather will occur...it only means it is possible. - Significant and hazardous winter weather is defined as: * Over 5

79

Formalism for Comparing Rain Estimation Designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Space-time averages of rain rates are needed in several applications. Nevertheless, they are difficult to estimate because the methods invariably leave gaps in the measurements in space or time. A formalism is developed which makes use of the ...

Gerald R. North; Shoichiro Nakamoto

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The Hunter Region (Australia) Acid Rain Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field measurements for the Hunter Region Acid Rain Project were conducted as a major co-operative effort by the New South Wales State Pollution Control Commission, the Electricity Commission of New South Wales, and the University of Newcastle in ...

Howard A. Bridgman; Robert Rothwell; Christopher Pang Way; Peng-Hing Tio

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Freezing Rain: An Observational and Theoretical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from a Doppler radar, an instrumented aircraft, and several rawinsonde observations during freezing rain and ice pellet events have been analyzed for this study. From these data, 34 soundings were obtained that characterized the vertical ...

Ryan J. Zerr

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Temporal Sampling Requirements for Automatic Rain Gauges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automatic rain gauges are needed to obtain rainfall statistics from remote locations and platforms. Many of these platforms cannot be serviced regularly, thus requiring unattended operations for many months. At such locations there is often a ...

Jeffrey A. Nystuen

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Scanning tip microwave near field microscope  

SciTech Connect

A microwave near field microscope has a novel microwave probe structure wherein the probing field of evanescent radiation is emitted from a sharpened metal tip instead of an aperture or gap. This sharpened tip, which is electrically and mechanically connected to a central electrode, extends through and beyond an aperture in an endwall of a microwave resonating device such as a microwave cavity resonator or a microwave stripline resonator. Since the field intensity at the tip increases as the tip sharpens, the total energy which is radiated from the tip and absorbed by the sample increases as the tip sharpens. The result is improved spatial resolution without sacrificing sensitivity.

Xiang, Xiao-Dong (Alameda, CA); Schultz, Peter G. (Oakland, CA); Wei, Tao (Albany, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Turbine blade tip flow discouragers  

SciTech Connect

A turbine assembly comprises a plurality of rotating blade portions in a spaced relation with a stationery shroud. The rotating blade portions comprise a root section, a tip portion and an airfoil. The tip portion has a pressure side wall and a suction side wall. A number of flow discouragers are disposed on the blade tip portion. In one embodiment, the flow discouragers extend circumferentially from the pressure side wall to the suction side wall so as to be aligned generally parallel to the direction of rotation. In an alternative embodiment, the flow discouragers extend circumferentially from the pressure side wall to the suction side wall so as to be aligned at an angle in the range between about 0.degree. to about 60.degree. with respect to a reference axis aligned generally parallel to the direction of rotation. The flow discouragers increase the flow resistance and thus reduce the flow of hot gas flow leakage for a given pressure differential across the blade tip portion so as to improve overall turbine efficiency.

Bunker, Ronald Scott (Niskayuna, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Employee Worksheet Cooking Healthy Tips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, strawberries, or pineapple to low fat chicken salad. s Mix it up! Mix 1/2 cup nonfat sour cream (or unflavored - reprint by permission only Cook Healthy... All the flavor without the fat Delicious taste without the salt cook Five "How To" Cooking Tips 1. Use lower fat ingredients. 2. Trim and skim fat. 3. Reduce fat

Burke, Peter

86

Fabrication of gas turbine water-cooled composite nozzle and bucket hardware employing plasma spray process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In the method for fabrication of water-cooled composite nozzle and bucket hardware for high temperature gas turbines, a high thermal conductivity copper alloy is applied, employing a high velocity/low pressure (HV/LP) plasma arc spraying process, to an assembly comprising a structural framework of copper alloy or a nickel-based super alloy, or combination of the two, and overlying cooling tubes. The copper alloy is plamsa sprayed to a coating thickness sufficient to completely cover the cooling tubes, and to allow for machining back of the copper alloy to create a smooth surface having a thickness of from 0.010 inch (0.254 mm) to 0.150 inch (3.18 mm) or more. The layer of copper applied by the plasma spraying has no continuous porosity, and advantageously may readily be employed to sustain a pressure differential during hot isostatic pressing (HIP) bonding of the overall structure to enhance bonding by solid state diffusion between the component parts of the structure.

Schilke, Peter W. (4 Hempshire Ct., Scotia, NY 12302); Muth, Myron C. (R.D. #3, Western Ave., Amsterdam, NY 12010); Schilling, William F. (301 Garnsey Rd., Rexford, NY 12148); Rairden, III, John R. (6 Coronet Ct., Schenectady, NY 12309)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Gas Mileage Tips - Planning and Combining Trips  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tips for Hybrids, Plug-in Hybrids, and Electric Vehicles Many of the gas-saving driving and maintenance tips for conventional vehicles also apply to hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and...

88

Tips: Booklet Distribution | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 11, 2012 - 8:54am Addthis Tips: Booklet Distribution There are many ways to obtain Energy Savers-Tips for Saving Money and Energy at Home You can access Energy Savers, as...

89

Loss mechanisms in turbine tip clearance flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of tip clearance ow have been carried out to dene the loss generation mechanisms associated with tip leakage in unshrouded axial turbines. Mix- ing loss between the leakage, which takes the form of a ...

Huang, Arthur (Arthur C.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Tips: Laundry | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Laundry Laundry Tips: Laundry April 24, 2012 - 8:12pm Addthis Save Energy and More with ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR clothes washers use 50% less energy to wash clothes than standard washing machines. Save Energy and More with ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR clothes washers use 50% less energy to wash clothes than standard washing machines. There are two ways to reduce the amount of energy used for washing clothes-use less water and use cooler water. Unless you're dealing with oily stains, the warm or cold water setting on your machine will generally do a good job of cleaning your clothes. Switching your temperature setting from hot to warm can cut a load's energy use in half. Laundry Tips Wash your clothes in cold water using cold-water detergents whenever possible. Wash and dry full loads. If you are washing a small load, use the

91

Tips: Windows | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Windows Windows Tips: Windows June 18, 2012 - 9:43am Addthis Tips: Windows Windows can be one of your home's most attractive features. Windows provide views, daylighting, ventilation, and heat from the sun in the winter. Unfortunately, they can also account for 10% to 25% of your heating bill by letting heat out. During the summer, your air conditioner must work harder to cool hot air from sunny windows. Install ENERGY STAR®-qualified windows and use curtains and shade to give your air conditioner and energy bill a break. If your home has single-pane windows, consider replacing them with double-pane windows with high-performance glass-low-e or spectrally selective coatings. In colder climates, select gas-filled windows with low-e coatings to reduce heat loss. In warmer climates, select windows with

92

Grills Safety and Cleaning Tips  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

24 Staff Meeting Safety Share 24 Staff Meeting Safety Share Subject: Grills Safety and Cleaning Tips The best ways to clean the racks - and to prevent debris buildup. Plus, safety tips for outdoor cooking. For a gas grill: * Start by closing the lid, as you would with a self-cleaning oven * Cover cooking grids with foil to help concentrate heat * Turn on high for five to 10 minutes maximum; do not overheat * When the grids are cool, use a brass-bristle brush to remove debris * Wash with soap and water * Clean off rust with vegetable oil * Chipped grids cannot be repaired; do not attempt to paint them For regular grill racks: * Crumple a wad of aluminum foil * Rub over the racks to remove bits of charred food or crud * Wash racks in warm, soapy water To prevent food from sticking to grill:

93

Story Tips for Media | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 Audio Spots Honors and Awards Videos ORNL Review Magazine ORNL Reporter DOE Pulse Media Contacts Media Mentions RSS Feeds News Home | ORNL | News | Story Tips Story Tips ORNL's Office of Communications works with national, regional, and local media outlets on news stories about the laboratory. For more information on ORNL and its research and development activities, please refer to one of our Media Contacts. If you have a general media-related question or comment, you can send it to news@ornl.gov. 1-10 of 10 Results Highways - The road to efficiency January 07, 2014 - City Traffic Engineer John Van Winkle, who has positioned Chattanooga as a national leader in intelligent transportation and communication technologies, is headlining a seminar scheduled at Oak

94

RADIOACTIVITY IN RAIN WATER IN BANGKOK  

SciTech Connect

In order to check the effect of nuclear explosions on the atmosphere over Bangkok, rain water was evaporated and the radioactivity of the residue obtained was counted by a G. M. counter. The result shows that the radioactivity in the rain water began to rise from the normal level since 26 September 1961, reached the maximum on 10 November 1961, and then slowly declined. Because the level of radiation remained above that of the Maximum Permissible Concentration (MPC) for only a short time, it did not constitute a health hazard. Analysis of the residue of rain water indicates that the increase in radiation is caused by the fall-out from the Russian tests of nuclear weapons in the air from September to October 1961. (auth)

Sundara-vicharana, Y.; Bhodigen, S.; Hayodom, V.

1961-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Tips: Programmable Thermostats | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Programmable Thermostats Programmable Thermostats Tips: Programmable Thermostats May 30, 2012 - 5:33pm Addthis Cool Summer Tip: In the summer, save money by automatically turning up the air conditioner at night or when you're away from home. Cool Summer Tip: In the summer, save money by automatically turning up the air conditioner at night or when you're away from home. Hot Winter Tip: Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home. Hot Winter Tip: Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home. Cool Summer Tip: In the summer, save money by automatically turning up the air conditioner at night or when you're away from home. Hot Winter Tip: Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home.

96

Rain initiation time in turbulent warm clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a mean-field model that describes droplet growth due to condensation and collisions and droplet loss due to fallout. The model allows for an effective numerical simulation. We study how the rain initiation time depends on different parameters. We also present a simple model that allows one to estimate the rain initiation time for turbulent clouds with an inhomogeneous concentration of cloud condensation nuclei. In particular, we show that over-seeding even a part of a cloud by small hygroscopic nuclei one can substantially delay the onset of precipitation.

Falkovich, G; Vucelja, M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Rain initiation time in turbulent warm clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a mean-field model that describes droplet growth due to condensation and collisions and droplet loss due to fallout. The model allows for an effective numerical simulation. We study how the rain initiation time depends on different parameters. We also present a simple model that allows one to estimate the rain initiation time for turbulent clouds with an inhomogeneous concentration of cloud condensation nuclei. In particular, we show that over-seeding even a part of a cloud by small hygroscopic nuclei one can substantially delay the onset of precipitation.

G. Falkovich; M. G. Stepanov; M. Vucelja

2004-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

98

A Study of the Mechanisms of Acid Rain Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Samples of rain, snow, cloud water, aerosols and soil were collected in Colorado to study the mechanisms of acid rain formation. Chemical compositions of various types of samples were analyzed to investigate the stepwise incorporation of ...

Farn Parungo; Clarence Nagamoto; Robin Maddl

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

The Rain Profiling Algorithm Applied to Polarimetric Weather Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The algorithm developed in this paper for ground-based polarimetric radars is derived from those used for the spaceborne rain radar of TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission)—the so-called rain profiling algorithms. The characteristic of ...

Jacques Testud; Erwan Le Bouar; Estelle Obligis; Mustapha Ali-Mehenni

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Principal Modes of Variation of Rain-Rate Probability Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar or satellite observations of an area generate sequences of rain-rate maps. From a gridded map a histogram of rain rates can be obtained representing the relative areas occupied by rain rates of various strengths. The histograms vary with ...

Thomas L. Bell; R. Suhasini

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ARMAR: An Airborne Rain-Mapping Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new airborne rain-mapping radar (ARMAR) has been developed by NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for operation on the NASA Ames DC-8 aircraft. The radar operates at 13.8 GHz, the frequency to be used by the radar on the Tropical Rainfall ...

S. L. Durden; E. Im; F. K. Li; W. Ricketts; A. Tanner; W. Wilson

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Estimation of Mean Rain Rate through Censoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mixed lognormal distribution is fit to rain-rate data to estimate the space–time average. To mitigate problems associated with biased data, data below a minimum and above a maximum threshold are treated as if they are at the respective ...

Donald Martin

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Determination of Oceanic Rain Rate and Rain Cell Structure from Altimeter Waveform Data. Part I: Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The predominant effect of rain on altimeter data is through the attenuation it causes of radar pulses propagating through it. Both the ERS-1 and TOPEX/Poseidon have recorded sharp decreases in the observed backscatter ?0, which have been ...

Graham D. Quartly

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

A Probabilistic View on the Rain Drop Size Distribution Modeling: a Physical Interpretation of Rain Microphysics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Rain Drop Size Distribution (RDSD) is defined as the relative frequency of raindrops per given diameter in a volume. This paper describes a mathematically-consistent modeling of the RDSD drawing on probability theory. It is shown that this ...

Francisco J. Tapiador; Ziad S. Haddad; Joe Turk

105

Argonne CNM News: Developing Smarter STM Tips  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Developing Smarter STM Tips Developing Smarter STM Tips Scanning tunneling microscopy tips X-ray nanotomography surface rendering of a smart scanning tunneling microscope tip. The platinum-iridium tip (red) has been coated with a SiO2 insulating layer (green). Image obtained using the CNM's Hard X-Ray Nanoprobe beamline at Sector 26 of the Advanced Photon Source. Scientists from the Center for Nanoscale Materials X-Ray Microscopy and Electronic & Magnetic Materials & Devices groups, in collaboration with Argonne's Electron Microscopy Center and X-Ray Science Division, have used CNM's Hard X-Ray Nanoprobe to obtain for the first time an important three-dimensional view of insulator-coated smart tips that in the future can be utilized in synchrotron X-ray scanning tunneling microscopy (SXSTM).

106

12-18_Tips and Tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... White reflector card You can use any white or silver board to reflect light. TABLE 1. DIY PHOTO EQUIPMENT AND TIPS Page 5. ...

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

107

Turbine blade tip with offset squealer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An industrial turbine assembly comprises a plurality of rotating blade portions in a spaced relation with a stationary shroud. The rotating blade includes a root section, an airfoil having a pressure sidewall and a suction sidewall defining an outer periphery and a tip portion having a tip cap. An offset squealer is disposed on the tip cap. The offset squealer is positioned inward from the outer periphery of the rotating blade. The offset squealer increases the flow resistance and reduces the flow of hot gas flow leakage for a given pressure differential across the blade tip portion so as to improve overall turbine efficiency.

Bunker, Ronald Scott (Niskayuna, NY)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Turbine Tip Clearance Region De-Sensitization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TURBINE TIP CLEARANCE REGION DE-SENSITIZATION Penn State & U. of Minnesota Lakshminarayana, Camci & Goldstein 079 * Experimental aerodynamic studies leading to the weakening...

109

Tips: Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Tips: Lighting May 4, 2012 - 3:16pm Addthis Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. What does this mean for me? Replacing 15 inefficient incandescent bulbs in your home with energy-saving bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For the greatest savings, replace your old incandescent bulbs with ENERGY STAR-qualified bulbs. An average household dedicates about 10% of its energy budget to lighting. Switching to energy-efficient lighting is one of the fastest ways to cut your energy bills. Timers and motion sensors save you even more money by reducing the amount of time lights are on but not being used.

110

Tips: Insulation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Insulation Tips: Insulation May 2, 2012 - 6:03pm Addthis Where to Insulate. Adding insulation in the areas shown here may be the best way to improve your home's energy efficiency. Insulate either the attic floor or under the roof. Check with a contractor about crawl space or basement insulation. Where to Insulate. Adding insulation in the areas shown here may be the best way to improve your home's energy efficiency. Insulate either the attic floor or under the roof. Check with a contractor about crawl space or basement insulation. Insulation is made from a variety of materials, and it usually comes in four types: rolls and batts, loose-fill, rigid foam, and foam-in-place. Rolls and Batts Rolls and batts -- or blankets -- are flexible products made from mineral

111

Tips: Booklet Distribution | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Booklet Distribution Tips: Booklet Distribution Tips: Booklet Distribution April 11, 2012 - 8:54am Addthis Tips: Booklet Distribution There are many ways to obtain Energy Savers-Tips for Saving Money and Energy at Home! You can access Energy Savers, as well as the Spanish-language Energy Savers, in the following ways. Order booklets in bulk quantities through the Energy Savers Partnership. Order now! Organizations can order booklet copies in bulk, for distribution to your customers, members, or employees. The Energy Savers booklet and the Spanish Energy Savers booklet are available for ordering. Booklet ordering is available for a limited time, at low cost to you. Please place your orders directly with the printer through the online web site. Order today for delivery before the winter heating season!

112

Evaluation and performance prediction of cooling tower rain zones.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cooling tower rain zone performance characteristics such as the loss coefficient and the Merkel number are evaluated and simulated. To this end the influence of… (more)

Pierce, Darren John

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Method for Mass Production of Nanoscale Carbon Tips with Cylinder ...  

A method for fabricating nanoscale carbon tips with improved shape is described. The tips have excellent mechanical ... field emission at low applied electric fields.

114

EnergySmart Schools Tips: Retrofitting, Operating, and Maintaining...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnergySmart Schools Tips: Retrofitting, Operating, and Maintaining Existing Buildings EnergySmart Schools Tips: Retrofitting, Operating, and Maintaining Existing Buildings An...

115

Cyber Tips Book Mark (2009 NCSA Month) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Cyber Tips Book Mark (2009 NCSA Month) Cyber Tips Book Mark (2009 NCSA Month) Training and Awareness...

116

The greenhouse effect and acid rain  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxides and chlorofluorocarbons is increasing in the earth's atmosphere. Increased concentrations of these trace gases could lead to global warming, increased acid rain and increased UV radiation on the earth's surface; however, the actual impacts are still uncertain and are also the subject of great debate. Application of clean'' energy sources such as geothermal are obviously desirable for decreasing these effects and improving our overall general environment. This paper briefly summarizes the global environment concerns, providing a backdrop for the following papers which describe the geothermal role in future environmental considerations. 5 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Traeger, R.K.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Tips: Water Heating | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Water Heating Tips: Water Heating Tips: Water Heating May 2, 2012 - 4:53pm Addthis Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water. Insulate your water heater to save energy and money, or choose an on-demand hot water heater to save even more. Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water. Insulate your water heater to save energy and money, or choose an on-demand hot water heater to save even more. Water heating is the second largest energy expense in your home. It typically accounts for about 18% of your utility bill. There are four ways to cut your water heating bills: use less hot water, turn down the thermostat on your water heater, insulate your water heater, or buy a new, more efficient model. Water Heating Tips Install aerating, low-flow faucets and showerheads. Repair leaky faucets promptly; a leaky faucet wastes gallons of

118

Tips For Getting Hired | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips For Getting Hired Tips For Getting Hired Tips For Getting Hired Successful candidates know it takes a little extra effort to get to the top. This one hour workshop introduces you to the Department of Energy, in addition to guiding you in creating a competitive Federal resume, it also covers veteran hiring options, and offers important tips to help prepare for the interview. So, If you are new to the Federal government hiring process or just want to improve your odds of getting that critical interview, this training was made for you. FAQs I am a veteran, does that entitle me to a job? I am a veteran and am interested in federal employment. Where can I find a listing of available federal jobs? When applying for civil service positions in the Federal Executive Branch, am I considered a former federal employee for having served in the

119

Tips: Sealing Air Leaks | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Sealing Air Leaks Tips: Sealing Air Leaks Tips: Sealing Air Leaks May 16, 2013 - 5:03pm Addthis Sources of Air Leaks in Your Home. Areas that leak air into and out of your home cost you a lot of money. The areas listed in the illustration are the most common sources of air leaks. Sources of Air Leaks in Your Home. Areas that leak air into and out of your home cost you a lot of money. The areas listed in the illustration are the most common sources of air leaks. Air leaks can waste a lot of your energy dollars. One of the quickest energy-- and money-saving tasks you can do is caulk, seal, and weather strip all seams, cracks, and openings to the outside. Tips for Sealing Air Leaks Test your home for air tightness. On a windy day, carefully hold a lit incense stick or a smoke pen next to your windows, doors, electrical

120

2012 ORNL Story Tips | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2012 ORNL Story Tips 1-10 of 65 Results Prev 12345 Next Disaster Response - Limiting access December 06, 2012 - Ensuring that only people who have legitimate business are allowed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

2010 ORNL Story Tips | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 2010 ORNL Story Tips 1-10 of 48 Results Prev 12345 Next Biodiesel - Ultrasonic remedy December 01, 2010 - A significant barrier to greater use of biodiesel could be blasted away...

122

Articulating Catheter Tip for Catheter Guidance  

Articulating Catheter Tip for Catheter Guidance Robin Miles 6/9/2009 miles7@llnl.gov This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by ...

123

Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.0855_Raines Draft Rev 4 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0855Raines Draft Rev 4 Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.0855Raines Draft Rev 4 Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.0855Raines Draft Rev 4 More Documents & Publications Earned Value (EV) Analysis...

124

Comparison of Rain Rates over the Ocean Derived from TRMM Microwave Imager and Precipitation Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface rain rates over the ocean derived from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) and precipitation radar (PR) are compared and systematic differences between TMI-derived rain rates and PR-derived rain rates are ...

Junji Ikai; Kenji Nakamura

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Rain Attenuation Prediction Model for Lagos at Millimeter Wave Bands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain Attenuation Prediction Model for Lagos at Millimeter Wave bands” is the subject of this work. Lagos (geog. Lat. 6.350N and Long. 3.20E), is a coastal station in the rain forest area in the South-Western Nigeria with an altitude of 380 ...

Abayomi Isiaka Yussuff; Nor Hisham Haji Khamis

126

Fermilab Today - Safety Tip of the Week Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 December 20, 2004 Winter Sun Winter Sun December 13, 2004 Winter Slips Safety Tip December 6, 2004 Winter Cornering Winter Driving' November 29, 2004 SAFER attentiveness November 22, 2004 Until the EMTs Arrive Fermilab fire department November 15, 2004 Is Your Surface Flat? sidewalk November 8, 2004 Heat Gun Shock Heat Gun November 1, 2004 Safety Belts Safety Tip October 25, 2004 Carbon Monoxide Safety Tip October 18, 2004 What Could Go Wrong? Safety Tip October 11, 2004 Flu Prevention Safety Tip October 4, 2004 Smoke Detectors Safety Tip September 27, 2004 ES&H Section Web site Safety Tip September 20, 2004 West Nile Virus Update Safety Tip September 13, 2004 Fire Safety Violations Fire Safety August 30, 2004 3131 Safety Tip August 23, 2004 Move It Safety Tip August 16, 2004 Work Planning

127

The greenhouse effect and acid rain  

SciTech Connect

The concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxides and chlorofluorocarbons is increasing in the earth's atmosphere. Increased concentrations of these trace gases could lead to global warming, increased acid rain and increased UV radiation on the earth's surface; however, the actual impacts are still uncertain and are also the subject of great debate. Application of clean'' energy sources such as geothermal are obviously desirable for decreasing these effects and improving our overall general environment. This paper briefly summarizes the global environment concerns, providing a backdrop for the following papers which describe the geothermal role in future environmental considerations. 5 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Traeger, R.K.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Tips: Shopping for Appliances | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Shopping for Appliances Tips: Shopping for Appliances Tips: Shopping for Appliances April 24, 2012 - 7:33pm Addthis What's the Real Cost? Every appliance has two price tags -- the purchase price and the operating cost. Consider both when buying a new appliance. What's the Real Cost? Every appliance has two price tags -- the purchase price and the operating cost. Consider both when buying a new appliance. When you're shopping for appliances, think of two price tags. The first one covers the purchase price -- think of it as a down payment. The second price tag is the cost of operating the appliance during its lifetime. You'll be paying on that second price tag every month with your utility bill for the next 10 to 20 years, depending on the appliance. Refrigerators last an average of 12 years; clothes washers about 11 years; dishwashers

129

Tips: Kitchen Appliances | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Kitchen Appliances Tips: Kitchen Appliances Tips: Kitchen Appliances April 24, 2012 - 8:34pm Addthis ENERGY STAR® Refrigerators Are Cool! ENERGY STAR-qualified refrigerators are 20% more energy efficient than non-qualified models. Models with top-mounted freezers use 10-25% less energy than side-by-side or bottom-mount units. ENERGY STAR® Refrigerators Are Cool! ENERGY STAR-qualified refrigerators are 20% more energy efficient than non-qualified models. Models with top-mounted freezers use 10-25% less energy than side-by-side or bottom-mount units. You can save energy in your kitchen through more efficient use of your dishwasher, refrigerator and freezer, and other common appliances. Dishwashers Most of the energy used by a dishwasher is for water heating.

130

Tips: Air Conditioners | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Air Conditioners Tips: Air Conditioners Tips: Air Conditioners June 24, 2013 - 6:31pm Addthis Bigger isn't always better for an air conditioner. Learn effective ways to stay cool while saving energy. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/galinast. Bigger isn't always better for an air conditioner. Learn effective ways to stay cool while saving energy. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/galinast. Buying a bigger room air conditioner won't necessarily make you feel more comfortable during the hot summer months. In fact, a room air conditioner that's too big for the area it is supposed to cool will perform less efficiently and less effectively than a smaller, properly sized unit. The reason: an oversized unit will cool the room(s) to the thermostat set-point before proper dehumidification occurs, making the area feel "clammy"

131

Tips: Smart Appliances | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Smart Appliances Tips: Smart Appliances Tips: Smart Appliances April 24, 2012 - 7:56pm Addthis Some manufacturers are now offering "smart" appliances -- appliances that can be connected to smart electric meters or home energy management systems to help you shift your electricity use to off-peak hours. Air conditioners, refrigerators, dishwashers, and other appliances may be available as smart appliances. Smart appliances don't just turn off during times of peak electricity demand -- instead, they use subtle ways to shift energy use. You might not even be aware of it. For example, your air conditioner may run slightly less often. Or your refrigerator might delay it's defrost cycle until the middle of the night. If your utility charges lower rates for electricity at

132

Tipping Point Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Tipping Point Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Tipping Point Renewable Energy Name Tipping Point Renewable Energy Place Columbus, Ohio Zip 43221 Sector Solar Website http://tipenergy.com/ Coordinates 40.0097883°, -83.0683519° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0097883,"lon":-83.0683519,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

133

Tips: Heating and Cooling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Heating and Cooling Tips: Heating and Cooling Tips: Heating and Cooling May 30, 2012 - 7:38pm Addthis Household Heating Systems: Although several different types of fuels are available to heat our homes, more than half of us use natural gas. | Source: Buildings Energy Data Book 2010, 2.1.1 Residential Primary Energy Consumption, by Year and Fuel Type (Quadrillion Btu and Percent of Total). Household Heating Systems: Although several different types of fuels are available to heat our homes, more than half of us use natural gas. | Source: Buildings Energy Data Book 2010, 2.1.1 Residential Primary Energy Consumption, by Year and Fuel Type (Quadrillion Btu and Percent of Total). Heating and cooling your home uses more energy and costs more money than any other system in your home -- typically making up about 54% of your

134

Tips: Renewable Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Renewable Energy Tips: Renewable Energy Tips: Renewable Energy July 15, 2012 - 3:32pm Addthis Use Solar Power to Heat Water and More! Today's solar power is highly efficient. You can buy systems to heat your water, provide electricity, and even offload your home heating system. Use Solar Power to Heat Water and More! Today's solar power is highly efficient. You can buy systems to heat your water, provide electricity, and even offload your home heating system. A small wind turbine system can provide additional electricity in your home, or even power your sailboat battery. A small wind turbine system can provide additional electricity in your home, or even power your sailboat battery. Use Solar Power to Heat Water and More! Today's solar power is highly efficient. You can buy systems to heat your water, provide electricity, and even offload your home heating system.

135

Tips: Air Conditioners | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Air Conditioners Tips: Air Conditioners Tips: Air Conditioners June 24, 2013 - 6:31pm Addthis Bigger isn't always better for an air conditioner. Learn effective ways to stay cool while saving energy. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/galinast. Bigger isn't always better for an air conditioner. Learn effective ways to stay cool while saving energy. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/galinast. Buying a bigger room air conditioner won't necessarily make you feel more comfortable during the hot summer months. In fact, a room air conditioner that's too big for the area it is supposed to cool will perform less efficiently and less effectively than a smaller, properly sized unit. The reason: an oversized unit will cool the room(s) to the thermostat set-point before proper dehumidification occurs, making the area feel "clammy"

136

Electrochemical sharpening of field emission tips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for sharpening field emitter tips by electroetching/polishing. In gated field emitters, it is very important to initiate electron emission at the lowest possible voltage and thus the composition of the emitter and the gate, as well as the emitter-gate structure, are important factors. This method of sharpening the emitter tips uses the grid as a counter electrode in electroetching of the emitters, which can produce extremely sharp emitter tips as well as remove asperities and other imperfections in the emitters, each in relation to the specific grid hole in which it resides. This has the effect of making emission more uniform among the emitters as well as lowering the turn-on voltage.

Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Acid rain: discerning the change in waters and woodlands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research being done to establish the effects of acid rain on the earth's waters and woods is presented. It is pointed out that definitive answers cannot be possible because of the lack of scientifically credible, consistent, long-term data on trends. Various specific programs now under way to collect adequate data are highlighted. Researchers are not yet able to predict an area's susceptibility to acidic rain damage, but are more confident that acid rain is only a minimal threat to the earth's water and soil ecosystems. 13 figures.

Lihach, N.; Brocksen, R.; Goldstein, R.; Huckabee, J.; Kawaratani, R.; Mattice, J.; Murarka, I.; Perhac, R.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Turbine blade squealer tip rail with fence members  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A turbine blade includes an airfoil, a blade tip section, a squealer tip rail, and a plurality of chordally spaced fence members. The blade tip section includes a blade tip floor located at an end of the airfoil distal from the root. The blade tip floor includes a pressure side and a suction side joined together at chordally spaced apart leading and trailing edges of the airfoil. The squealer tip rail extends radially outwardly from the blade tip floor adjacent to the suction side and extends from a first location adjacent to the airfoil trailing edge to a second location adjacent to the airfoil leading edge. The fence members are located between the airfoil leading and trailing edges and extend radially outwardly from the blade tip floor and axially from the squealer tip rail toward the pressure side.

Little, David A

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

139

Google Earth Tip Sheet Switch between  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google Earth Tip Sheet Hide/Show Sidebar Add Placemark Add Polygon Add Path Add Image Overlay Show/Hide Ruler Show Sunlight Switch between Sky and Earth Email Print View in Google Maps Drag to rotate the view item Stop TourTransparency slider Google Earth User Interface New Placemark Dialog Box Name will appear

Smith-Konter, Bridget

140

ARM - Field Campaign - Rain Microphysics Study with Disdrometer and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsRain Microphysics Study with Disdrometer and Polarization govCampaignsRain Microphysics Study with Disdrometer and Polarization Radar Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Rain Microphysics Study with Disdrometer and Polarization Radar 2005.04.28 - 2005.06.30 Lead Scientist : Guifu Zhang For data sets, see below. Description Understanding rain microphysics is important for accurate rainfall rate estimation and for improving parameterization in numerical weather prediction (NWP). The NCAR video disdrometer was installed at the ARM site at the Kessler farm. The disdrometer was also put side-by-side with the NSSL disdrometer for comparison/calibration and to study sampling effects. The disdrometer observations were used to verify KOUN polarimeteric radar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Effects of Rain on Topex Radar Altimeter Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain has long been categorized as a contaminant of altimeter data, but little has been done previously to ascertain the magnitude and frequency of its effect or its geographical distribution. Proceeding from recent analysis of ERS-1 data, and the ...

G. D. Quartly; T. H. Guymer; M. A. Srokosz

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Solar Decathlon: Rain and Shine | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon: Rain and Shine Solar Decathlon: Rain and Shine Solar Decathlon: Rain and Shine October 20, 2009 - 7:00am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Friday marked the end of the Solar Decathlon competition. Team Germany won (for the second time) in a very competitive field, in a ceremony marked by gray skies, cold temperatures and rain. For all the bad weather, however, the mood in DC was very upbeat. This was the fourth Solar Decathlon, an event that has seen great strides since its launch in 2002. The mission of the event is to promote solar energy and energy efficiency in buildings, through innovative engineering and scholarly dedication. I would venture to say that this year might mark the event's greatest success, with TWO teams from Canada, as well as returning

143

Solar Decathlon: Rain and Shine | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon: Rain and Shine Solar Decathlon: Rain and Shine Solar Decathlon: Rain and Shine October 20, 2009 - 7:00am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Friday marked the end of the Solar Decathlon competition. Team Germany won (for the second time) in a very competitive field, in a ceremony marked by gray skies, cold temperatures and rain. For all the bad weather, however, the mood in DC was very upbeat. This was the fourth Solar Decathlon, an event that has seen great strides since its launch in 2002. The mission of the event is to promote solar energy and energy efficiency in buildings, through innovative engineering and scholarly dedication. I would venture to say that this year might mark the event's greatest success, with TWO teams from Canada, as well as returning

144

Freezing Rain Simulations for Fixed, Unheated Conductor Samples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper reports on extensive experiments performed on short, fixed, unheated conductor samples in an outdoor freezing rain simulator. Their purpose is to relate the weight of ice (or, alternatively, the equivalent radial ice thickness) ...

M. L. Lu; N. Popplewell; A. H. Shah

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

ATLAS Self-Siphoning Rain Gauge Error Estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes sampling and error characteristics of self-siphoning rain gauges used on moored buoys designed and assembled at NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) for deployment in the tropical Pacific and Atlantic Oceans ...

Yolande L. Serra; Patrick A'Hearn; H. Paul Freitag; Michael J. McPhaden

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A Rain-Rate Retrieval Algorithm for Attenuated Radar Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamic regularization scheme for rain-rate retrievals from attenuated radar measurements is presented. Most regularization techniques, including the optimal estimation method, use the state-space parameters to regularize the problem, which ...

Prabhat K. Koner; Alessandro Battaglia; Clemens Simmer

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Comparison of Dual-Polarization Radar Estimators of Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several polarimetric radar estimators of rain rate R and rainwater content M are examined. The accuracy of the estimators is analyzed using a gamma drop size distribution (DSD) simulation and a radar wavelength of 11 cm. The estimators that use ...

A. V. Ryzhkov; D. S. Zrni?

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Rain in Shallow Cumulus Over the Ocean: The RICO Campaign  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shallow, maritime cumuli are ubiquitous over much of the tropical oceans, and characterizing their properties is important to understanding weather and climate. The Rain in Cumulus over the Ocean (RICO) field campaign, which took place during ...

Robert M. Rauber; Harry T. Ochs III; L. Di Girolamo; S. Göke; E. Snodgrass; Bjorn Stevens; Charles Knight; J. B. Jensen; D. H. Lenschow; R. A. Rilling; D. C. Rogers; J. L. Stith; B. A. Albrecht; P. Zuidema; A. M. Blyth; C. W. Fairall; W. A. Brewer; S. Tucker; S. G. Lasher-Trapp; O. L. Mayol-Bracero; G. Vali; B. Geerts; J. R. Anderson; B. A. Baker; R. P. Lawson; A. R. Bandy; D. C. Thornton; E. Burnet; J-L. Brenguier; L. Gomes; P. R. A. Brown; P. Chuang; W. R. Cotton; H. Gerber; B. G. Heikes; J. G. Hudson; P. Kollias; S. K. Krueger; L. Nuijens; D. W. O'Sullivan; A. P. Siebesma; C. H. Twohy

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Effects of Rain on ERS-1 Radar Altimeter Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An investigation into a potentially important, but little-studied effect on altimeter data—rain contamination—has been carried out using ERS-1. The method involves identifying large changes in the radar backscatter coefficient and relating these ...

Trevor H. Guymer; Graham D. Quartly; Meric A. Srokosz

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A Climate Transect through Tropical Montane Rain Forest in Hawaii  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two years of climate data from a transect of three surface meteorological stations on the windward slopes of Mauna Loa, Hawaii, are analyzed. The stations constitute a transect between 700 and 1640 m through the wet, montane rain forest zone ...

James O. Juvik; Dennis Nullet

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The Development of Drop Size Distributions in Light Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model of rain development based on the quasi-stochastic coalescence equation and including the sedimentation of drops has been used to study the formation of drop size distributions in conditions of weak updraft. Comparisons with “box model” ...

I. Zawadzki; E. Monteiro; F. Fabry

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

An Overview of Acid Rain Monitoring Activities in North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The various forms of acidic components that may be deposited from the atmosphere are reviewed. These components are classified into three categories: wet deposition (rain and snow), dry deposition (particles and gases), and special events (dews, ...

Joe Wisniewski; John D. Kinsman

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Variability of Space–Time Mean Rain Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mixed lognormal distribution is fit to rain-rate data for the purpose of estimating the space–time mean. Using Fisher information, the large sample variance is obtained for grouped and ungrouped data estimates. The asymptotic variance results ...

B. Kedem; R. Pfeiffer; D. A. Short

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Estimating Rainfall in the Tropics Using the Fractional Time Raining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between the fractional time raining and tropical rainfall amount is investigated using raingage data and a point process model of tropical rainfall. Both the strength and the nature of the relationship are dependent upon the ...

Mark L. Morrissey; Witold F. Krajewski; Michael J. McPhaden

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Estimating the Uncertainty in Passive-Microwave Rain Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current passive-microwave rain-retrieval methods are largely based on databases built offline using cloud models. Since the vertical distribution of hydrometeors within the cloud has a large impact on upwelling brightness temperatures, a forward ...

Dorothée Coppens; Ziad S. Haddad; Eastwood Im

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Test of the Specific Differential Propagation Phase Shift (KDP) Technique for Rain-Rate Estimation with a Ku-Band Rain Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variation in drop size distribution (DSD) and the attenuation at higher frequencies are the two major impairments for quantitative rain-rate estimation. The sensitivity of rain-rate estimators (such as reflectivity factor Z, differential ...

K. Isiah Timothy; Toshio Iguchi; Yuji Ohsaki; Hiroaki Horie; Hiroshi Hanado; Hiroshi Kumagai

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Understanding the Importance of Microphysics and Macrophysics for Warm Rain in Marine Low Clouds. Part II: Heuristic Models of Rain Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two simple heuristic model formulations for warm rain formation are introduced and their behavior explored. The first, which is primarily aimed at representing warm rain formation in shallow convective clouds, is a continuous collection model ...

Robert Wood; Terence L. Kubar; Dennis L. Hartmann

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

#tipsEnergy: Saving Energy During Vacation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

we feature some of the best tips in a Storify to encourage others to save energy and money at home. For this month's tipsEnergy, we want to know how you plan to save energy and...

159

Role of tip clearance flow on axial compressor stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An examination of the fluid dynamic phenomena that link tip clearance flow to the formation of short length-scale (spike) rotating stall disturbances has been carried out. It is found that the onset of growth in tip clearance ...

Vo, Huu Duc, 1971-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Cell interaction with three-dimensional sharp-tip nanotopography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

230 nm in pitch) and tip shape (needle- or blade-like sharppitch was all kept constant to be 230 nm and tips were all sharpened to be needle- or blade-

Choi, Chang-Hwan; Hagvall, S H; Wu, B M; Dunn, JCY; Beygui, R E; Kim, C J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Policy Flash 2009-01 Tips for Processing Financial Assistance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09-01 Tips for Processing Financial Assistance Actions in STRIPES Policy Flash 2009-01 Tips for Processing Financial Assistance Actions in STRIPES Attached is Policy Flash 2009-01...

162

Energy-Efficient Holiday Decorating Tips | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips Energy-Efficient Holiday Decorating Tips December 19, 2012 - 10:36am Addthis Using LED lights for your holiday decorations can save you energy and money. | Photo courtesy of...

163

Tips: Sealing Air Leaks | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sealing Air Leaks Sealing Air Leaks Tips: Sealing Air Leaks May 16, 2013 - 5:03pm Addthis Sources of Air Leaks in Your Home. Areas that leak air into and out of your home cost you a lot of money. The areas listed in the illustration are the most common sources of air leaks. Sources of Air Leaks in Your Home. Areas that leak air into and out of your home cost you a lot of money. The areas listed in the illustration are the most common sources of air leaks. Air leaks can waste a lot of your energy dollars. One of the quickest energy-- and money-saving tasks you can do is caulk, seal, and weather strip all seams, cracks, and openings to the outside. Tips for Sealing Air Leaks Test your home for air tightness. On a windy day, carefully hold a lit incense stick or a smoke pen next to your windows, doors, electrical

164

Video Production Tips R.A. Nocera  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Video Production Tips Video Production Tips R.A. Nocera There are many elements that contribute to a good video. Much of the work is in pre- production: script, storyboard, props, location, rehearsal, editing. All of these should be refined and ready before production and not interfere with the shooting schedule. I suggest creating a shot schedule of which scenes you are going to film - if you're shooting some scenes indoors and some outdoors, arrange the script in terms of location. This will make production much more efficient. There are many books and online pages about video production for reference. This is the most important aspect of film: SOUND. If you have a brilliant script, good actors, and direction, it will not translate if the sound is inaudible. Here are some ways

165

Fermilab Today | Tip of the Week Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Week Week January 06, 2014 Quality assurance guidelines in one handy manual Quality assurance at Fermilab is integrated into one labwide Quality Assurance Management System. It is a set of interrelated elements that Fermilab uses to plan, direct, control and improve how quality policies and procedures are established, implemented and monitored. A vital part of this management system is the Fermilab Quality Assurance Manual (QAM). Like the Fermilab Environment, Safety and Health Manual, it collects the elements of the Quality Assurance Management System into one place for easy reference. Chapters are reviewed and approved in the same way as the FESHM and the Fermilab Radiological Control Manual. Safety Tip of the Week - Current Archive 2013 Safety Tip of the Week Archive

166

Tips: Water Heating | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Heating Water Heating Tips: Water Heating May 2, 2012 - 4:53pm Addthis Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water. Insulate your water heater to save energy and money, or choose an on-demand hot water heater to save even more. Keep Your Energy Bills Out of Hot Water. Insulate your water heater to save energy and money, or choose an on-demand hot water heater to save even more. Water heating is the second largest energy expense in your home. It typically accounts for about 18% of your utility bill. There are four ways to cut your water heating bills: use less hot water, turn down the thermostat on your water heater, insulate your water heater, or buy a new, more efficient model. Water Heating Tips Install aerating, low-flow faucets and showerheads. Repair leaky faucets promptly; a leaky faucet wastes gallons of

167

Tips: Shopping for Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Shopping for Lighting Tips: Shopping for Lighting Tips: Shopping for Lighting July 29, 2012 - 7:27pm Addthis With an array of lighting options, use the Lighting Facts label to determine the right lightbulb for you. | Photo courtesy of Michelle Vigen, Clean Energy Resource Teams. With an array of lighting options, use the Lighting Facts label to determine the right lightbulb for you. | Photo courtesy of Michelle Vigen, Clean Energy Resource Teams. When shopping for lighting, you can now use the Lighting Facts label and lumens to compare bulbs and purchase a bulb with the amount of brightness you want. The Lighting Facts Label Lighting facts per bulb label. The label is an example showing the brightness at 800 lumens, estimated yearly energy cost at $1.57, based on 3 hours per day and 11 cents per kWh. Cost depends on rates and use. The life is 9 years and is based on 3 hours per day. Light appearance is warm at 2700 K. Energy used is 13 watts, and the bulb is ENERGY STAR rated.

168

Relation between hydrogen isotopic ratios of bone collagen and rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hydrogen isotopic value ([delta]D) of deer bone collagen is related to both [delta]D of rain during the growing season and growing season relative humidity (RH). With correction for the effects of RH, bone [delta]D is related to growing season rain [delta]D in a simple manner with a slope of 1.0. This indicates that, with RH correction, there are no additional sources of bias in the [delta]D of bone due to unaccounted for biologic or climatic effects. Due to a low sensitivity of bone [delta]D to RH effects, both yearly and growing season rain [delta]D can be estimated with considerable accuracy (R = 0.97 and R = 0.96) from bone collagen [delta]D and [delta][sup 15]N. Here, [delta][sup 15]N is used to correct bone [delta]D for the effects of RH. From these estimates of rain [delta]D, it may then be possible to evaluate temperature since the [delta]D of rain primarily reflects local temperature. Therefore, the measurement of bone collagen [delta]D has good potential for evaluating paleoclimates.

Cormie, A.B.; Schwarcz, H.P. (McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)); Gray, J. (Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton (Canada))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Tips for Renters and Property Owners | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips for Renters and Property Owners Tips for Renters and Property Owners Tips for Renters and Property Owners July 5, 2012 - 4:51pm Addthis Tips for Renters and Property Owners If you rent, or if you own a rental unit, you can use many of the tips throughout this guide to save money and energy. Renters You can reduce your utility bills by following the tips in these sections: Lighting Heating and Cooling (if you control the thermostat) Appliances Home Office and Home Electronics Windows Transportation Encourage your landlord to follow these tips as well. They'll save energy and money, improving your comfort and lowering your utility bills even more. Property Owners Nearly all of the information in this guide applies to rental units. The section on Your Home's Energy Use focuses on air leaks, insulation, heating

170

Adjustable Speed Pumping Applications: Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) Pumping Systems Tip Sheet #11  

SciTech Connect

This two-page tip sheet provides practical tips on application of Adjustable Speed Drives in industrial settings.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

New biology of red rain extremophiles prove cometary panspermia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports the extraordinary biology of the microorganisms from the mysterious red rain of Kerala, India. These chemosynthetic organisms grow optimally at an extreme high temperature of 300 degrees C in hydrothermal conditions and can metabolize inorganic and organic compounds including hydrocarbons. Stages found in their life cycle show reproduction by a special multiple fission process and the red cells found in the red rain are identified as the resting spores of these microbes. While these extreme hyperthermophiles contain proteins, our study shows the absence of DNA in these organisms, indicating a new primitive domain of life with alternate thermostable genetics. This new biology proves our earlier hypothesis that these microbes are of extraterrestrial origin and also supports our earlier argument that the mysterious red rain of Kerala is due to the cometary delivery of the red spores into the stratosphere above Kerala.

Godfrey Louis; A. Santhosh Kumar

2003-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

172

Turbine blade tip gap reduction system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A turbine blade sealing system for reducing a gap between a tip of a turbine blade and a stationary shroud of a turbine engine. The sealing system includes a plurality of flexible seal strips extending from a pressure side of a turbine blade generally orthogonal to the turbine blade. During operation of the turbine engine, the flexible seal strips flex radially outward extending towards the stationary shroud of the turbine engine, thereby reducing the leakage of air past the turbine blades and increasing the efficiency of the turbine engine.

Diakunchak, Ihor S.

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

173

On a New Approach for Instantaneous Rain Area Delineation in the Midlatitudes Using GOES Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using satellite and weather radar data, a simple clustering analysis has been used in order to differentiate between raining and nonraining clouds. Based on these results, a scheme is proposed for instantaneous rain area delineation in the ...

A. A. Tsonis; G. A. Isaac

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Quantitative Measurements of Path-Integrated Rain Rate by an Airborne Microwave Radiometer over the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data on the airborne microwave radiometer, which is one of the sensors of the airborne microwave rain-scatterometer/radiometer (AMRS) system, are analyzed to infer path-integrated rain rate measured from topside. The equation of radiative ...

Masaharu Fujita; Ken'ichi Okamoto; Harunobu Masuko; Takeyuki Ojima; Nobuyoshi Fugono

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Possible Misidentification of Rain Type by TRMM PR over Tibetan Plateau  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain-type statistics derived from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) precipitation radar (PR) standard product show that some 70% of raining pixels in the central Tibetan Plateau summer are stratiform—a clear contradiction to the common ...

Yunfei Fu; Guosheng Liu

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Sensitivity of the Estimated Monthly Convective Rain Fraction to the Choice of Z–R Relation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the sensitivity of the estimated monthly convective rain fraction—that is, the percentage of the areal rain accumulation contributed by precipitation identified as convective—to variations of the Z–R parameters used in ...

Matthias Steiner; Robert A. Houze Jr.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Satellite Passive Microwave Rain Rate Measurement over Croplands during Spring, Summer and Fall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain rate algorithms for spring, summer and fall that have been developed from comparisons between the brightness temperatures measured by the Nimbus-7 Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) and rain rates derived from operational WSR-...

Roy W. Spencer

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Comparisons of Instantaneous TRMM Ground Validation and Satellite Rain-Rate Estimates at Different Spatial Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study provides a comprehensive intercomparison of instantaneous rain rates observed by the two rain sensors aboard the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite with ground data from two regional sites established for long-term ...

David B. Wolff; Brad L. Fisher

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Comparison of Simulated Rain Rates from Disdrometer Data Employing Polarimetric Radar Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disdrometer data collected during three spring days, with moderate to heavy rain in the Norman, Oklahoma region are used with various polarimetric radar algorithms to simulate rain rates. It is assumed that available measurables are 1) ...

N. Balakrishnan; Dúsan S. Zrni?; Julius Goldhirsh; John Rowland

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Incorporating Satellite Observations of “No Rain” in an Australian Daily Rainfall Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geostationary satellite observations can be used to distinguish potential rain-bearing clouds from nonraining areas, thereby providing surrogate observations of “no rain” over large areas. The advantages of including such observations are the ...

Elizabeth E. Ebert; Gary T. Weymouth

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Computer-Controlled Automated Rain Sampler (CCARS) for Rainfall Measurement and Sequential Sampling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Computer-Controlled Automated Rain Sampler (CCARS) is a combination rain gage and sequential sampler for precipitation chemistry measurements. The primary objectives of the design are low cost, versatility of operational mode, and remote ...

Stan D. Tomich; M. Terry Dana

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Estimation of Rain and Hail Rates in Mixed-Phase Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation comprising rain and hail is studied. Specifically, techniques to identify and quantify such precipitation in terms of rain and hail fall rates using dual polarized radar data, are presented. Included for consideration are ZH, the ...

N. Balakrishnan; D. S. Zrni?

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Observations of Precipitation Size and Fall Speed Characteristics within Coexisting Rain and Wet Snow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground-based measurements of particle size and fall speed distributions using a Particle Size and Velocity (PARSIVEL) disdrometer are compared among samples obtained in mixed precipitation (rain and wet snow) and rain in the Oregon Cascade ...

Sandra E. Yuter; David E. Kingsmill; Louisa B. Nance; Martin Löffler-Mang

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Optimal Thresholds for the Estimation of Area Rain-Rate Moments by the Threshold Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimization of the threshold method, achieved by determination of the threshold that maximizes the correlation between an area-average rain-rate moment and the area coverage of rain rates exceeding the threshold, is demonstrated empirically and ...

David A. Short; Kunio Shimizu; Benjamin Kedem

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

A Synoptic Overview of a Heavy Rain Event in Southern China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The meteorological events surrounding the heavy rains of 23–25 June 1983 in the Yangtze River Valley of China are investigated. The rains developed along a persistent quasi-stationary frontal boundary that separated warm, moist tropical air from ...

Kai-Yu Ma; Lance F. Bosart

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The Supercooled Warm Rain Process and the Specification of Freezing Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About 30% of freezing precipitation cases are observed to occur in a subfreezing atmosphere (contrary to the classical melting ice model). We explain these cases with the concept of the “supercolled warm rain process” (SWRP): the warm rain ...

George J. Huffman; Gene Alfred Norman Jr.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Forcing Versus Feedback: Epidemic Malaria and Monsoon Rains in Northwest India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forcing Versus Feedback: Epidemic Malaria and Monsoon Rains in Northwest India Karina Laneri1 the monsoonal rains. Consideration of a more complex model with clinical immunity demonstrates the robustness Feedback: Epidemic Malaria and Monsoon Rains in Northwest India. PLoS Comput Biol 6(9): e1000898. doi:10

Pascual, Mercedes

188

A Rain Gauge for the Measurement of Finescale Temporal Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A rain gauge is described that quantizes rainwater collected by a funnel into equal-sized drops. Using a funnel of 150-mm diameter, the quantization corresponds to 1/160 mm of rainfall, enabling the measurement of low rainfall rates and the ...

C. David Stow; Stuart G. Bradley; Keith E. Farrington; Kim N. Dirks; Warren R. Gray

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Apparatus for the Simulation of Rain in the Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulated rains are produced by directing a jet of water toward the periphery of an automobile tire that rotates opposite to the flow of water. The air and mechanical turbulence created by the rotating tire surface break the jet up into a spray ...

David R. Derenzo; Bernard Vonnegut

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Is Virga Rain That Evaporates before Reaching the Ground?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The visual phenomenon called virga, a sudden change in the brightness of a precipitation shaft below a cloud, is commonly attributed to evaporation of raindrops. It is said to be rain that does not reach the ground. The optical thickness of an ...

Alistair B. Fraser; Craig F. Bohren

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Polarimetric Attenuation Correction in Heavy Rain at C Band  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of C-band polarimetric radar to account for strong attenuation/differential attenuation is demonstrated in two cases of heavy rain that occurred in the Chicago, Illinois, metropolitan area on 5 August 2008 and in central Oklahoma on ...

Ji-Young Gu; A. Ryzhkov; P. Zhang; P. Neilley; M. Knight; B. Wolf; Dong-In Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The Impacts of Different Satellite Data on Rain Estimation Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain estimates for the Great Plains States were made for a one-month period, August 1979, using different combinations of satellite and other data. The data tested were as follows: 1) two satellite images per day without any other data, 2) four ...

Donald P. Wylie; Denise Laitsch

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

The Effect of Rain in Calming the Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of rain in damping surface waves appears to be significant in the estimation of wind speed from the backscatter of radar signal from the sea surface. The radar backscatter depends on the small-scale roughness of the sea surface. This ...

M. N. Tsimplis

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Drop shapes and fall speeds in rain: two contrasting examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two rain events are analyzed using two collocated 2D-video disdrometers (2DVD) and a C band polarimetric radar at 15 km distance. Both events had moderate-to-intense rainfall rates, but the second event had an embedded convective line. For the ...

M. Thurai; V. N. Bringi; W. A. Petersen; P. N. Gatlin

195

Probing Hurricanes with Stable Isotopes of Rain and Water Vapor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain and water vapor were collected during flights in Hurricanes Olivia (1994), Opal (1995), Marilyn (1995), and Hortense (1995) and analyzed for their stable isotopic concentrations, or ratios, H218O:H2O and HDO:H2O. The spatial patterns and ...

Stanley Gedzelman; James Lawrence; John Gamache; Michael Black; Edward Hindman; Robert Black; Jason Dunion; Hugh Willoughby; Xiaoping Zhang

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Energy Tips: Benchmark the Fuel Cost of Steam Generation | ENERGY...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You are here Home Buildings & Plants Energy Tips: Benchmark the Fuel Cost of Steam Generation Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login...

197

Fact Sheet - Tips for Speedy Administrative Review | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Speedy Administrative Review Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Reference Material: Fact Sheet - Tips for Speedy Administrative Review edit Details...

198

Energy Savers Tips on Saving Energy& Money at Home  

SciTech Connect

Provides consumers with home energy and money savings tips such as insulation, weatherization, heating, cooling, water heating, energy efficient windows, landscaping, lighting, and energy efficient appliances

Not Available

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

TIP Project Brief100019 Atmospheric Spray Freeze Dried ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. TIP Project Brief – 100019/11H003 Manufacturing Atmospheric Spray Freeze Dried Powder Process Advancement and Scale-Up ...

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

200

Novel Current Activated Tip-based Sintering (CATS) of Advanced ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Novel Current Activated Tip-based Sintering (CATS) of Advanced ... In CATS electric current is applied to a powder bed/compact using a small ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Energy-saving tips for everyone | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Communicate and educate ENERGY STAR communications toolkit Bring Your Green to Work with ENERGY STAR Energy-saving tips for everyone Secondary menu About us Press room...

202

TIP Project Brief 090027 Functionalized Nano Graphene for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. TIP Project Brief – 090027/10H002 Manufacturing Functionalized Nano Graphene for Next-Generation Nano-Enhanced Products ...

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

203

Method of cooling gas only nozzle fuel tip  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A diffusion flame nozzle gas tip is provided to convert a dual fuel nozzle to a gas only nozzle. The nozle tip diverts compressor discharge air from the passage feeding the diffusion nozzle air swirl vanes to a region vacated by removal of the dual fuel components, so that the diverted compressor discharge air can flow to and through effusion holes in the end cap plate of the nozzle tip. In a preferred embodiment, the nozzle gas tip defines a cavity for receiving the compressor discharge air from a peripheral passage of the nozzle for flow through the effusion openings defined in the end cap plate.

Bechtel, William Theodore (Scotia, NY); Fitts, David Orus (Ballston Spa, NY); DeLeonardo, Guy Wayne (Glenville, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Tips: Heat Pumps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat Pumps Heat Pumps Tips: Heat Pumps June 24, 2013 - 5:48pm Addthis Heat pumps can be a cost-effective choice in moderate climates, especially if you heat your home with electricity. Heat pumps can be a cost-effective choice in moderate climates, especially if you heat your home with electricity. Heat pumps are the most efficient form of electric heating in moderate climates. Because they move heat rather than generate heat, heat pumps can provide equivalent space conditioning at as little as one quarter of the cost of operating conventional heating or cooling appliances. A heat pump does double duty as a central air conditioner by collecting the heat inside your house and pumping it outside. There are three types of heat pumps: air-to-air, water source, and geothermal. They collect heat from the air, water, or ground outside your

205

Tips on Homeowner Education | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In Reference In Reference Tips on Homeowner Education November 22, 2013 Figure 16. How will a new homeowner be able to navigate and successfully interact with the advanced systems of a high performance home? Pictured is the Mike and Deborah Overmyer Residence in Golden, Colorado; Designer: Dr. Phil Tabb, Boulder Architect; Style: 3-story mountain contemporary; Year built: 1997, 2480 square feet; Utility: no utility bills, off utility grid. Features: photovoltaic powered house; house is over a mile to the nearest power line; 14 Shell M75 photovoltaic panels; mounting of PV panels provides for changing the tilt angle; power at a nominal 24 volts runs through an Amanda Power Technology charge controller and to the battery bank; twenty 6 volt 220 ampere-hour Trojan T-105 batteries connected 4 in

206

2009 ORNL Story Tips | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 2009 ORNL Story Tips 1-10 of 46 Results Prev 12345 Next Solar - Bridging the gap December 09, 2009 - Titanium dioxide, the same inexpensive white pigment that protects us from sunburns, can be converted into a material that absorbs sunlight and could greatly increase the efficiency of solar energy cells. Until now, however, researchers had not been able to overcome the inherent wide band gap associated with the different energy levels, or bands, of the electrons. Nuclear Energy- Record fuel burn December 09, 2009 - Coated particle fuel fabricated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in cooperation with Idaho National Laboratory, General Atomics, and the Babcock & Wilcox Company, has set a world record for advanced high temperature gas-cooled reactor fuel.

207

2013 ORNL Story Tips | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

13 13 2013 ORNL Story Tips 1-10 of 56 Results Prev 12345 Next Nonproliferation - Tell-tale seals December 05, 2013 - Using an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technology, inspectors of containers of nuclear material will be able to know with unprecedented confidence whether an intruder has tampered with a seal. The system uses a light source of entangled photons to verify the continuity of a fiber-based seal, according to Travis Humble, who led the development team. Cybersecurity - Foiling attackers December 05, 2013 - By frequently changing the Internet addresses of protected servers, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Craig Shue has created a technology that thwarts attacks with just minor changes in infrastructure. Military - Tougher tanks December 05, 2013 - Improving welds of heavy and light armored fighting

208

Tips: Air Ducts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air Ducts Air Ducts Tips: Air Ducts June 24, 2013 - 7:23pm Addthis Air Ducts: Out of Sight, Out of Mind. The unsealed ducts in your attic and crawlspaces lose air, and uninsulated ducts lose heat -- wasting energy and money. Air Ducts: Out of Sight, Out of Mind. The unsealed ducts in your attic and crawlspaces lose air, and uninsulated ducts lose heat -- wasting energy and money. Your air ducts are one of the most important systems in your home, and if the ducts are poorly sealed or insulated they are likely contributing to higher energy bills. Your home's duct system is a branching network of tubes in the walls, floors, and ceilings; it carries the air from your home's furnace and central air conditioner to each room. Ducts are made of sheet metal, fiberglass, or other materials.

209

2004 ORNL Story Tips | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 2004 ORNL Story Tips 1-10 of 46 Results Prev 12345 Next Materials - Cool under pressure December 01, 2004 - Firefighters, first responders and even team mascots and Disney characters could stay comfortable with a cartridge-based integrated cooling system being developed by a team of researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Navy's Navair Research Center. Materials - Better distributed energy December 01, 2004 - A quest for superior spark plugs for natural gas engines that help power commercial buildings, schools, restaurants and hotels has ignited an effort between Champion and researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The goal is to develop spark plugs with life expectancies of one year (8,000 hours) instead of today's standard of between 1,000 and 4,000 hours.

210

Preheated Combustion Air (International Fact Sheet), Energy Tips-Process Heating, Process Heating Tip Sheet #1c  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This English/Chinese international tip sheet provides information for optimizing industrial process heating systems and includes measurements in metric units.

Not Available

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Check Burner Air to Fuel Ratios (International Fact Sheet), Energy Tips-Process Heating, Process Heating Tip Sheet #2c  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This English/Chinese international tip sheet provides information for optimizing efficiency of industrial process heating systems and includes measurements in metric units.

Not Available

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Summer tips for saving energy and money. [20 tips for homeowners  

SciTech Connect

The National Bureau of Standards has compiled the list of 20 tips to help homeowners save energy and stay comfortable in summer. Research shows that some of the most important measures are to reduce heat gain from the attic, reduce internal heat generation in the house, shade windows from solar radiation, and use whole-house fans to take advantage of natural temperature cycles and to provide ventilation. Turning up the thermostat on air conditioners is also important.

Jacobs, M.

1977-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

March 26, 2013 IT Service Manager Tips & Tricks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manager Archive. 3. Enter terms and values that reference your ticket (e.g. Interaction ID, Incident ID home page Tip 5: Use Global Issues only for P1 and P2 level incidents Tip 6: Search archived HP Service-down select IT Service Manager. 5. Refine your search using keywords. * Use "AND" or "OR" when searching

Chisholm, Rex L.

214

Tips to Green Your Home | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips to Green Your Home Tips to Green Your Home Tips to Green Your Home November 23, 2009 - 2:51pm Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory Last week, the Environmental Protection Agency announced its new green homes Web site. The site provides an interactive experience that helps people make their homes greener with tips on reducing energy consumption, carbon footprints, waste generation and water usage, as well as improving indoor air quality. While I've already made some improvements to my home energy efficiency, I know there's more I can do. After exploring the new Web site, I learned for the first time these interesting tips that will help me save more energy and money at home. The outdoor porch or post lamp is one of the highest used light

215

#tipsEnergy: Saving Energy During Vacation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy During Vacation Energy During Vacation #tipsEnergy: Saving Energy During Vacation May 20, 2013 - 4:03pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: Saving Energy During Vacation Every month we ask you to share your energy-saving tips, and we feature some of the best tips in a Storify to encourage others to save energy and money at home. For this month's #tipsEnergy, we want to know how you plan to save energy and money during summer vacation. Storified by Energy Department · Mon, May 20 2013 11:56:32 From family gatherings to trips to the beach and camping in National Parks, Memorial Day marks the start of summer vacation. No matter how you spend your summer, there are plenty of ways for you to save energy at home and on the road. This month, we want to know how you

216

Computing a Probability Distribution for the Start of the Rains from a Markov Chain Model for Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The start of the rains is defined to be the first day, or two-day rain spell, in which greater than a specified total amount of rain occurs. A method of calculating the probability distribution of the start of the rains from a Markov chain model ...

R. D. Stern

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Numerical Study of Coulomb Scattering Effects on Electron Beam from a Nano-Tip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electron beam emitted from a nano- tip. We found that theon Electron Beam from a Nano-Tip ? J. Qiang † , J. Corlett,Switzerland ‡ Abstract Nano-tips with high acceleration

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Energy Tips: Determine the Cost of Compressed Air for Your Plant...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Senior care resources Small business resources State and local government resources Energy Tips: Determine the Cost of Compressed Air for Your Plant energy tips cover page This...

219

Preliminary Investigations of the Effect of Particle Size and Tip Size ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Preliminary Investigations of the Effect of Particle Size and Tip Size in the Current Activated Tip-Based Sintering (CATS) of Nickel Powder ...

220

Tips to Save Energy During the Holidays | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips to Save Energy During the Holidays Tips to Save Energy During the Holidays Tips to Save Energy During the Holidays December 2, 2008 - 1:33pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL The winter holiday season has officially begun, and with it comes the frenzy of decorating, holiday gatherings, gift buying, and errand running. Don't let your energy-saving efforts fall by the wayside amid all the festivities; the tips below will help you save energy and money even as you celebrate. Use LED Holiday Lights LED-or light-emitting diode-holiday lights are much more efficient than traditional incandescent lights. While the initial purchase price of LED light strings is higher, consider the cost of running each type of light string for 12 hours per day for 40 days: Type of Light Electricity Cost *

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Spring and Summer Energy-Saving Tips | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Spring and Summer Energy-Saving Tips Spring and Summer Energy-Saving Tips Spring and Summer Energy-Saving Tips May 30, 2012 - 1:21pm Addthis Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money during the warm spring and summer months. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/eyedias. Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money during the warm spring and summer months. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/eyedias. Here you'll find strategies to help you save energy during the spring and summer when the weather is warm and you are trying to keep your home cool. Some of the tips below are free and can be used on a daily basis to increase your savings; others are simple and inexpensive actions you can take to ensure maximum savings through the spring and summer. If you haven't already, conduct an energy assessment to find out where you

222

Spring and Summer Energy-Saving Tips | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Spring and Summer Energy-Saving Tips Spring and Summer Energy-Saving Tips Spring and Summer Energy-Saving Tips May 30, 2012 - 1:21pm Addthis Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money during the warm spring and summer months. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/eyedias. Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money during the warm spring and summer months. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/eyedias. Here you'll find strategies to help you save energy during the spring and summer when the weather is warm and you are trying to keep your home cool. Some of the tips below are free and can be used on a daily basis to increase your savings; others are simple and inexpensive actions you can take to ensure maximum savings through the spring and summer. If you haven't already, conduct an energy assessment to find out where you

223

Safety_Tips_for_Christmas_Shopping-DEC-2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Christmas Shopping The holiday shopping season can be a time of great joy safety risks. Below are some safety tips to keep in mind while shopping. * Carry a cell phone and program...

224

Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling April 24, 2012 - 4:18pm Addthis Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Using passive solar design to heat and cool your home can be both environmentally friendly and cost effective. In many cases, your heating costs can be reduced to less than half the cost of heating a typical home. Passive solar design can also help lower your cooling costs. Passive solar cooling techniques include carefully designed overhangs and using reflective coatings on windows, exterior walls, and roofs. Newer techniques include placing large, insulated windows on south-facing walls and putting thermal mass, such as a concrete slab floor or a heat-absorbing wall, close to the windows. A passive solar house requires careful design and siting, which vary by

225

Consumer Tips for Lowering Your Utility Bill | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumer Tips for Lowering Your Utility Bill Consumer Tips for Lowering Your Utility Bill Jump to: navigation, search Whether you are a residential or commercial customer, your monthly utility bill contains a wide range of data such as how much energy you use, what your current rate is, and detailed fees. Depending on how much information your utility provider offers, you can refer to it along with these tips to reduce your energy use and save money. For in-depth tips on saving energy and money at home, visit EnergySavers.gov. If you have 13 months of historical data on your bill: See if you're using more energy now than you did during the same month last year. Are you using more energy? Look for ways to use less electricity such as purchasing energy efficient appliances and lighting and using a programmable thermostat.

226

Tips: Your Home's Energy Use | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Your Home's Energy Use Tips: Your Home's Energy Use Tips: Your Home's Energy Use August 24, 2012 - 12:37pm Addthis Tips: Your Home's Energy Use What does this mean for me? An energy assessment will help you pinpoint where you are losing energy The findings from an assessment will help you set your energy priorities You can save 5%-30% on your energy bill by making upgrades following a home energy assessment How does it work? You can conduct your own do-it-yourself energy assessment or hire a professional. A professional energy auditor runs a series of tests to determine where your home is losing energy. Watch the Energy 101 video to learn more. A home energy assessment (sometimes referred to as an energy audit) will show what parts of your house use the most energy and suggest the best ways

227

Fall and Winter Energy-Saving Tips | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fall and Winter Energy-Saving Tips Fall and Winter Energy-Saving Tips Fall and Winter Energy-Saving Tips October 21, 2013 - 8:44am Addthis Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money during the cool fall and winter months. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com. Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money during the cool fall and winter months. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com. This article will help you find strategies to help you save energy during the cool fall and cold winter months. Some of the tips below are free and can be used on a daily basis to increase your savings; others are simple and inexpensive actions you can take to ensure maximum savings through the winter. If you haven't already, conduct an energy assessment to find out where you

228

Training For Industry Program (TIP) (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training For Industry Program (TIP) (Oklahoma) Training For Industry Program (TIP) (Oklahoma) Training For Industry Program (TIP) (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 1968 State Oklahoma Program Type Training/Technical Assistance Provider Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education The Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education runs the Training For Industry Program (TIP) is a no-cost/low-cost way for new or

229

Fall and Winter Energy-Saving Tips | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fall and Winter Energy-Saving Tips Fall and Winter Energy-Saving Tips Fall and Winter Energy-Saving Tips October 21, 2013 - 8:44am Addthis Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money during the cool fall and winter months. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com. Simple and inexpensive actions can help you save energy and money during the cool fall and winter months. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com. This article will help you find strategies to help you save energy during the cool fall and cold winter months. Some of the tips below are free and can be used on a daily basis to increase your savings; others are simple and inexpensive actions you can take to ensure maximum savings through the winter. If you haven't already, conduct an energy assessment to find out where you

230

Tips: Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems Tips: Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems May 30, 2012 - 5:41pm Addthis Install a new energy-efficient furnace to save money over the long term....

231

Circulation and Transport at the Southeast Tip of Greenland  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The circulation and related transports at the southeast tip of Greenland are determined from direct current observations of a moored current meter array. The measurements cover a time span from June 2004 to June 2006. The net mean total ...

Nathalie Daniault; Pascale Lherminier; Herlé Mercier

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Active control of tip clearance flow in axial compressors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control of compressor tip clearance flows is explored in a linear cascade using three types of fluidic actuators; Normal Synthetic Jet (NSJ; unsteady jet normal to the mean flow with zero net mass flux), Directed Synthetic ...

Bae, Jinwoo W

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A Tip Driven Fan Based on SERAPHIM Technology  

SciTech Connect

SERAPHIM technology appears capable of efficiently driving a tip driven fan. If the motor is powered using an inverter and resonant circuit, the size and weight could be considerably below that of a comparable rotary electric motor.

MARDER, BARRY M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Regular Scanning Tunneling Microscope Tips can be Intrinsically Chiral  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report our discovery that regular scanning tunneling microscope tips can themselves be chiral. This chirality leads to differences in electron tunneling efficiencies through left- and right-handed molecules, and, when using the tip to electrically excite molecular rotation, large differences in rotation rate were observed which correlated with molecular chirality. As scanning tunneling microscopy is a widely used technique, this result may have unforeseen consequences for the measurement of asymmetric surface phenomena in a variety of important fields.

Tierney, Heather L.; Murphy, Colin J.; Sykes, E. Charles H. [Department of Chemistry, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155-5813 (United States)

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

235

Results of Seeding for Dynamic Effects on Rain-Cell Properties in FACE-2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volume scan radar studies incorporating the use of an elaborate method of defining and tracking convective rain cells through their lifetime have been used to

Abraham Gagin; Daniel Rosenfeld; William L. Woodley; Raul E. Lopez

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Nonlinear softening as a predictive precursor to climate tipping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approaching a dangerous bifurcation, from which a dynamical system such as the Earth's climate will jump (tip) to a different state, the current stable state lies within a shrinking basin of attraction. Persistence of the state becomes increasingly precarious in the presence of noisy disturbances. We consider an underlying potential, as defined theoretically for a saddle-node fold and (via averaging) for a Hopf bifurcation. Close to a stable state, this potential has a parabolic form; but approaching a jump it becomes increasingly dominated by softening nonlinearities. If we have already detected a decrease in the linear decay rate, nonlinear information allows us to estimate the propensity for early tipping due to noise. We argue that one needs to extract information about the nonlinear features (a "softening") of the underlying potential from the time series to judge the probability and timing of tipping. This analysis is the logical next step if one has detected a decrease of the linear decay rate. If there is no discernable trend in the linear analysis, nonlinear softening is even more important in showing the proximity to tipping. After extensive normal form calibration studies, we check two geological time series from paleo-climate tipping events for softening of the underlying well. For the ending of the last ice age, where we find no convincing linear precursor, we identify a statistically significant nonlinear softening towards increasing temperature. The analysis has thus successfully detected a warning of the imminent tipping event.

Jan Sieber; J. Michael T. Thompson

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

Revealing the Winds Under the Rain. Part I. Passive Microwave Rain Retrievals Using a New, Observations-Based, Parameterization of Sub-Satellite Rain Variability and Intensity: Algorithm Description.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scatterometer ocean surface winds have been providing very valuable information to researchers and operational weather forecasters for over ten years. However, the scatterometer wind retrievals are compromised when rain is present. Merely flagging ...

S. M. Hristova-Veleva; P. S. Callahan; R. S. Dunbar; B. W. Stiles; S. H. Yueh; J. N. Huddleston; S. V. Hsiao; G. Neumann; M. H. Freilich; B. A. Vanhoff; R. W. Gaston; E. Rodriguez; D. E. Weissman

238

Replace Pressure-Reducing Valves with Backpressure Turbogenerators (International Fact Sheet), Energy Tips-Steam, Steam Tip Sheet #20c  

SciTech Connect

This English/Chinese ITP steam tip sheet on replacing pressure-reducing valves provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

Not Available

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Flux Measurements of Pulsating Rain with a Disdrometer and Doppler Radar during Phase II of the Joint Tropical Rain Experiment in Malaysia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the Joint Tropical Rain Experiment of the Malaysian Meteorological Service and the University of Toronto, pulsating raindrop ensembles, hereafter pulses, were observed in and around Penang Island. Using a Doppler radar on 25 October 1990, ...

Greg M. McFarquhar; Roland List; David R. Hudak; Robert P. Nissen; J. S. Dobbie; N. P. Tung; T. S. Kang

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Temporal and Spatial Variations of Freezing Rain in the Contiguous United States: 1948–2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new freezing-rain-days database was used to define the spatial and temporal distributions of freezing-rain days across the contiguous United States. The database contained 988 stations, spanning the period 1948–2000. Areas averaging one or more ...

Stanley A. Changnon; Thomas R. Karl

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Processes Influencing Rain-Field Growth and Decay after Tropical Cyclone Landfall in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study measured rain-field sizes for tropical cyclones (TCs) after U.S. landfall and related changes in size to the diurnal cycle and extratropical transition (ET). For 45 TC landfalls, the spatial properties of the rain fields were calculated ...

Corene J. Matyas

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Properties of the Threshold Method on a Radar Rain Cluster Basis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The average rain rate R is estimated with radar data at the radar beam height by measuring the fractional area F(?) of pixels above a preset rain-rate threshold ?. This work applies the “threshold method” to smaller areas. The threshold method ...

L. Li; S. Sénési

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Stratiform Rain in the Tropics as Seen by the TRMM Precipitation Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Across the Tropics (20°N–20°S), the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR) indicates that for reflectivities ?17 dBZ, stratiform precipitation accounts for 73% of the area covered by rain and 40% of the total rain ...

Courtney Schumacher; Robert A. Houze Jr.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Heavy Rain Events over the South-Facing Slopes of Hawaii: Attendant Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy rain events (>100 mm day?1) over the southeast flank of Mauna Loa volcano on the island of Hawaii are examined using surface, rawinsonde, rain gauge, and satellite data. The events occur in the presence of four types of synoptic-scale ...

Kevin Kodama; Gary M. Barnes

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Correcting Active Scatterometer Data for the Effects of Rain Using Passive Radiometer Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model for the effects of rain on scatterometer data is proposed. Data from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR) and the SeaWinds scatterometer, both on the Midori-II satellite, are used. The model includes three basic rain effects: ...

K. A. Hilburn; F. J. Wentz; D. K. Smith; P. D. Ashcroft

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Note: A scanning electron microscope sample holder for bidirectional characterization of atomic force microscope probe tips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel sample holder that enables atomic force microscopy (AFM) tips to be mounted inside a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for the purpose of characterizing the AFM tips is described. The holder provides quick and easy handling of tips by using a spring clip to hold them in place. The holder can accommodate two tips simultaneously in two perpendicular orientations, allowing both top and side view imaging of the tips by the SEM.

Eisenstein, Alon; Goh, M. Cynthia [Department of Chemistry and Institute for Optical Sciences, University of Toronto, 80 St. George Street, Toronto M5S 3H6 (Canada)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Performance comparison of fiber tips in interferometric displacement mesurements  

SciTech Connect

Fiber optic displacement sensors have many potential advantages over traditional displacement measurement techniques, including small size, immunity to electromagnetic interference, electrical isolation, and high resolution. In this report, we focus on an interferometric fiber optic sensor, where the gap between the fiber tip and the device under test forms a Fabry-Perot resonant cavity. An optical interrogator measures the reflected intensity at wavelengths ranging from 1510 to 1590 nm. The spacing between resonant frequencies allows us to determine the distance from the tip to the device under test. We consider ferrule connector angled physical contact (FC/APC), ferrule connector ultra physical contact (FC/UPC) and unpolished cleaved tips and compare their influence on sensor performance. A plane wave propagation model is proposed for predicting tip effects. Comparisons are made on the basis of sensor measurement range, resolution, and sensitivity to changes in test conditions. In this paper, we discuss the experimental setup, detail our analysis, and present test results with recommendations for the applications of each tip.

Moro, Erik [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Grahn, Rick R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Karimi, Hussain H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilson, Kyle L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Puckett, Anthony D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

248

Performance comparison of fiber optic tips in interferrometric displacement measurement  

SciTech Connect

Fiber optic displacement sensors have many potential advantages over traditional displacement measurement techniques, including small size, immunity to electromagnetic interference, electrical isolation, and high resolution. In this report, we focus on an interferometric fiber optic sensor, where the gap between the fiber tip and the device under test forms a Fabry-Perot resonant cavity. An optical interrogator measures the reflected intensity at wavelengths ranging from 1510 to 1590 nm. The spacing between resonant frequencies allows us to determine the distance from the tip to the device under test. We consider ferrule connector angled physical contact (FC/APC), ferrule connector ultra physical contact (FC/UPC) and unpolished cleaved tips and compare their influence on sensor performance. A plane wave propagation model is proposed for predicting tip effects. Comparisons are made on the basis of sensor measurement range, resolution, and sensitivity to changes in test conditions. In this paper, we discuss the experimental setup, detail our analysis, and present test results with recommendations for the applications of each tip.

Moro, Erik A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Puckett, Anthony D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Grahn, Rick [UNM; Karimi, Hussain [UCSD; Wilson, Kyle [ROSE HULMAN INSTITUTE OT TECH.

2010-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

249

Sharpening of field emitter tips using high-energy ions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for sharpening arrays of field emitter tips of field emission cathodes, such as found in field-emission, flat-panel video displays. The process uses sputtering by high-energy (more than 30 keV) ions incident along or near the longitudinal axis of the field emitter to sharpen the emitter with a taper from the tip or top of the emitter down to the shank of the emitter. The process is particularly applicable to sharpening tips of emitters having cylindrical or similar (e.g., pyramidal) symmetry. The process will sharpen tips down to radii of less than 12 nm with an included angle of about 20 degrees. Because the ions are incident along or near the longitudinal axis of each emitter, the tips of gated arrays can be sharpened by high-energy ion beams rastered over the arrays using standard ion implantation equipment. While the process is particularly applicable for sharpening of arrays of field emitters in field-emission flat-panel displays, it can be effectively utilized in the fabrication of other vacuum microelectronic devices that rely on field emission of electrons.

Musket, Ronald G. (Danville, CA)

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

250

Assessing the Relative Performance of Microwave-Based Satellite Rain-Rate Retrievals Using TRMM Ground Validation Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spaceborne microwave sensors provide critical rain information used in several global multisatellite rain products, which in turn are used for a variety of important studies, including landslide forecasting, flash flood warning, data assimilation,...

David B. Wolff; Brad L. Fisher

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Non-Rayleigh Scattering Effect in Rain Observations by an X- and Ka-band Dual-Wavelength Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of non-Rayleigh scattering appearing in a rain observation experiment using a dual-wavelength rain radar, is investigated. The non-Rayleigh scattering effect causes a small difference between the effective radar reflectivity factor and ...

Kenji Nakamura; Hideyuki Inomata

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates July 2, 2012 - 8:09pm Addthis Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. What are the key facts? Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. Distributing the electricity demand more evenly ensures that a steady and reliable stream of electricity is available for everyone. To help reduce their peak power demands and save money, many utilities are

253

Energy-Efficient Holiday Decorating Tips | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Holiday Decorating Tips Energy-Efficient Holiday Decorating Tips Energy-Efficient Holiday Decorating Tips December 19, 2012 - 10:36am Addthis Using LED lights for your holiday decorations can save you energy and money. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/peterspiro Using LED lights for your holiday decorations can save you energy and money. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/peterspiro Erik Hyrkas Erik Hyrkas Media Relations Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? You can save money on your holiday lighting while still enjoying a decorated household. With holidays almost upon us and home decorating to do, costs and energy savings should be on the brain. So as you put the finishing touches on that giant lighting display, be sure to read these energy-efficient holiday

254

Subject: SPPR TIP Funding - Facilities Charge Approach Debby,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mike A. Gazda" Mike A. Gazda" <mike@powerauthority.org> To: CC: "Joseph W. Mulholland" , "Evelyn Magnusson" Date: 10/22/10 10:21 AM Subject: SPPR TIP Funding - Facilities Charge Approach Debby, The Arizona Power Authority is pleased with the new approach presented for the separation of charges regarding the SPPR TIP, ED-5 to Palo Verde Project. The implementation of a new Facilities Charge Contract will allow Western accounting to keep track of the funds utilized to build this new TIP Transmission improvement and allow transparency to the process. This will also allow others to join in the costs/benefits if they choose. Although the process has not been fully developed, we are supportive

255

Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates July 2, 2012 - 8:09pm Addthis Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. What are the key facts? Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. Distributing the electricity demand more evenly ensures that a steady and reliable stream of electricity is available for everyone. To help reduce their peak power demands and save money, many utilities are

256

Clean Firetube Boiler Waterside Heat Transfer Surfaces, Energy Tips: STEAM, Steam Tip Sheet #7 (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

A steam energy tip sheet for the Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO). The prevention of scale formation in firetube boilers can result in substantial energy savings. Scale deposits occur when calcium, magnesium, and silica, commonly found in most water supplies, react to form a continuous layer of material on the waterside of the boiler heat exchange tubes. Scale creates a problem because it typically possesses a thermal conductivity, an order of magnitude less than the corresponding value for bare steel. Even thin layers of scale serve as an effective insulator and retard heat transfer. The result is overheating of boiler tube metal, tube failures, and loss of energy efficiency. Fuel consumption may increase by up to 5% in firetube boilers because of scale. The boilers steam production may be reduced if the firing rate cannot be increased to compensate for the decrease in combustion efficiency. Energy losses as a function of scale thickness and composition are given. Any scale in a boiler is undesirable. The best way to deal with scale is not to let it form in the first place. Prevent scale formation by: (1) Pretreating of boiler makeup water (using water softeners, demineralizers, and reverse osmosis to remove scale-forming minerals); (2) Injecting chemicals into the boiler feedwater; and (3) Adopting proper boiler blowdown practices.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Crack tip plasticity in single crystal UO2: Atomistic simulations  

SciTech Connect

The fracture behavior of single crystal uranium dioxide is studied using molecular dynamics simulations at room temperature. Initially, an elliptical notch is created on either {111} or {110} planes, and tensile loading is applied normal to the crack planes. For cracks on both planes, shielding of crack tips by plastic deformation is observed, and crack extension occurs for crack on {111} planes only. Two plastic processes, dislocation emission and phase transformation are identified at crack tips. The dislocations have a Burgers vector of ?110?/2, and glide on {100} planes. Two metastable phases, the so-called Rutile and Scrutinyite phases, are identified during the phase transformation, and their relative stability is confirmed by separate density- functional-theory calculations. Examination of stress concentration near crack tips reveals that dislocation emission is not an effective shielding mechanism. The formation of new phases may effectively shield the crack provided all phase interfaces formed near the crack tips are coherent, as in the case of cracks residing on {110} planes.

Yongfeng Zhang; Paul C. Millett; Michael Tonks; Bulent Biner; Xiang-Yang Liu; David A. Andersson

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

#tipsEnergy: How to Save Energy During the Holidays | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

As part of this month's tipsEnergy, we want to know your tips for saving energy and money during the holiday season. Storified by Energy Department Fri, Dec 21 2012 11:13:01...

259

The Case for Using Blunt-Tipped Lightning Rods as Strike Receptors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional lightning rods used in the United States have sharp tips, a practice derived from Benjamin Franklin's discovery of a means to obtain protection from lightning. However, the virtue of sharp tips for strike reception has never been ...

C. B. Moore; G. D. Aulich; William Rison

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

#tipsEnergy: Saving on Home Heating Costs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

tipsEnergy: Saving on Home Heating Costs tipsEnergy: Saving on Home Heating Costs November 23, 2012 - 3:37pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A nanomechanical investigation of the crack tip process zone of marble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study explores the interaction between crack initiation and nanomechanical properties in the crack tip process zone (zone of microcracking at the tip of a propagating crack) of a brittle geomaterial. Samples of Carrara ...

Brooks, Zenzile (Zenzile Z.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Experimental 4D-Var Assimilation of SYNOP Rain Gauge Data at ECMWF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four-dimensional variational data assimilation (4D-Var) experiments with 6-hourly rain gauge accumulations observed at synoptic stations (SYNOP) around the globe have been run over several months, both at high resolution in an ECMWF operations-...

Philippe Lopez

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Australian Heavy-Rain Days and Associated East Coast Cyclones: 1958–92  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a comprehensive climatology of heavy rain and east coast cyclones from January 1958 to September 1992. A total of 80 cyclones, including nondeveloping systems, were objectively identified from daily rainfall and surface wind ...

Linda C. Hopkins; Greg J. Holland

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Rain Enhancement and Fog Elimination by Seeding with Charged Droplets. Part I: Theory and Numerical Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method of droplet collision acceleration, with the purpose of rain enhancement and fog elimination, is proposed. According to the method, some fraction of the droplets is taken from clouds (or fog) themselves, charged, and then injected ...

A. Khain; V. Arkhipov; M. Pinsky; Y. Feldman; Ya Ryabov

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Analysis of Short Space–Time-Scale Variability of Oceanic Rain Using TOPEX/Jason  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information on the spatial and temporal variability of rain rate is important not only for meteorology and hydrology but also for the design of remote sensing and in situ measuring or of millimeter wave communication systems. The Ocean Topography ...

J. Tournadre; S. Bhandari

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Drop Shapes, Model Comparisons, and Calculations of Polarimetric Radar Parameters in Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drop shapes derived from a previously conducted artificial rain experiment using a two-dimensional video disdrometer (2DVD) are presented. The experiment involved drops falling over a distance of 80 m to achieve their terminal velocities as well ...

M. Thurai; G. J. Huang; V. N. Bringi; W. L. Randeu; M. Schönhuber

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

On the Shape–Slope Relation of Drop Size Distributions in Convective Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relation between the slope and shape parameters of the raindrop size distribution parameterized by a gamma distribution is examined. The comparison of results of a simple rain shaft model with an empirical relation based on disdrometer ...

Axel Seifert

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Infrared and Visible Satellite Rain Estimation. Part II: A Cloud Definition Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the relationships between satellite infrared clouds and rainfall, and infrared-threshold visible clouds and rainfall. Clouds are defined by the outline of the 253 K isotherm. Cloud infrared area was highly correlated with rain ...

Andrew J. Negri; Robert F. Adler

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

A Physically Based, Nondimensional Parameter for Discriminating between Locations of Freezing Rain and Ice Pellets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nondimensional parameter is presented that can he used to help distinguish between conditions favorable for the occurrence of freezing rain and ice pellets. The parameter was derived from the well-established condition that most incidents of ...

Robert R. Czys; Robert W. Scott; K. C. Tang; Ronald W. Przybylinski; Michael E. Sabones

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Intercomparison of Rain Gauge, Radar, and Satellite-Based Precipitation Estimates with Emphasis on Hydrologic Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compares mean areal precipitation (MAP) estimates derived from three sources: an operational rain gauge network (MAPG), a radar/gauge multisensor product (MAPX), and the Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using ...

Koray K. Yilmaz; Terri S. Hogue; Kuo-lin Hsu; Soroosh Sorooshian; Hoshin V. Gupta; Thorsten Wagener

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Uncertainties in Oceanic Radar Rain Maps at Kwajalein and Implications for Satellite Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kwajalein, Marshall Islands, Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) ground validation radar has provided a multiyear three-dimensional radar dataset at an oceanic site. Extensive rain gauge networks are not feasible over the ocean and, ...

Robert A. Houze Jr; Stacy Brodzik; Courtney Schumacher; Sandra E. Yuter; Christopher R. Williams

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Climatologically Tuned Reflectivity-Rain Rate Relations and Links to Area-Time Integrals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relations between either the point- or beam-averaged effective reflectivity, Ze, and surface rain rate, R, are determined by a probability matching method similar to that of Calheiros and Zawadzki, and Rosenfeld. The cumulative density functions (...

David Atlas; Daniel Rosenfeld; David B. Wolff

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

A Remote-Sensing View of a Freezing-Rain Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A destructive freezing-rain storm on 15 February 1990 was observed intensively with advanced ground-based remote sensors and conventional instruments by the Lake Ontario Winter Storms (LOWS) project in upstate New York. A deep layer of warm, ...

Brooks E. Martner; Jack B. Snider; Robert J. Zamora; Gregory P. Byrd; Thomas A. Niziol; Paul I. Joe

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Analyses of 1-min Rain Rates Extracted from Weighing Raingage Recordings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for extracting 1-min rain rates from original weighing raingage recordings is described. The method allows the retrieval of rates for long periods at approximately 300 United States weather stations. The process combines magnification of ...

Paul Tattelman; Richard W. Knight

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Monsoon variation and vegetative drought patterns in the Luni Basin in the rain-shadow zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drought has a significant impact on agricultural, ecological and socio-economic spheres. Poor and delayed monsoon, high temperature and insufficient water resources lead to recurrent drought in the Luni River basin located in the rain-shadow zone of ...

C. Bhuiyan; F. N. Kogan

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Intercalibrated Passive Microwave Rain Products from the Unified Microwave Ocean Retrieval Algorithm (UMORA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Unified Microwave Ocean Retrieval Algorithm (UMORA) simultaneously retrieves sea surface temperature, surface wind speed, columnar water vapor, columnar cloud water, and surface rain rate from a variety of passive microwave radiometers ...

K. A. Hilburn; F. J. Wentz

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Regional and Local Influences on Freezing Drizzle, Freezing Rain,and Ice Pellet Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional and local influences on frequency and type of freezing precipitation (freezing drizzle, freezing rain, and ice pellets) are investigated via in-depth climatologies of six continental United States (CONUS) sounding sites. For each site, ...

Ben C. Bernstein

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Influence of Rain-Rate Initialization, Cloud Microphysics, and Cloud Torques on Hurricane Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the impact of rain-rate initialization (RINIT), microphysical modifications, and cloud torques (in the context of angular momentum) on hurricane intensity forecasts using a mesoscale model [the Advanced Research Weather ...

S. Pattnaik; C. Inglish; T. N. Krishnamurti

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The Role of Giant and Ultragiant Aerosol Particles in Warm Rain Initiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Giant and ultragiant aerosol particles can play an important role in warm rain initiation. Recent aerosol measurements have established that particles as large as 100 ?m are a regular part of the atmospheric aerosol. When ingested in growing ...

David B. Johnson

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Model Rain and Clouds over Oceans: Comparison with SSM/I Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comparison of global model cloud and rain parameterization output with satellite observed radiances was carried out. Hydrometeor profiles from ECMWF operational short-range forecasts were combined with a microwave radiative transfer model to ...

Frédéric Chevallier; Peter Bauer

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

An Investigation of the Consistency of TAO–TRITON Buoy-Mounted Capacitance Rain Gauges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The common use of remotely located, buoy-mounted capacitance rain gauges in the tropical oceans for satellite rainfall verification studies provides motivation for an in situ gauge bias assessment. A comparison of the biases in rainfall catchment ...

Mark L. Morrissey; Howard J. Diamond; Michael J. McPhaden; H. Paul Freitag; J. Scott Greene

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

The Second-Moment Climatology of the GATE Rain Rate Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first part of this paper presents the description of the GARP (Global Atmospheric Research Program) Atlantic Tropical Experiment 1 rain-rate data and its two-dimensional spectral and correlation characteristics, which have made it possible to ...

Ilya Polyak; Gerald North

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Satellite and Numerical Model Investigation of Two Heavy Rain Events over the Central Mediterranean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two heavy rain events over the Central Mediterranean basin, which are markedly different by genesis, dimensions, duration, and intensity, are analyzed. Given the relative low frequency of this type of severe storms in the area, a synoptic analysis ...

Sante Laviola; Agata Moscatello; Mario Marcello Miglietta; Elsa Cattani; Vincenzo Levizzani

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Rain Shedding and Rainwater Runoff Tests on Cast Iron Vented Manhole Covers for Con Edison  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents work EPRIsolutions performed for Con Edison that compares water penetration characteristics of two types of vented manhole covers with a solid cover and a manhole with no cover under typical and very heavy rain conditions.

2007-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

285

Probabilistic Parameterizations of Visibility Using Observations of Rain Precipitation Rate, Relative Humidity, and Visibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study analyzes the occurrence of the visibility (Vis) versus precipitation rates (PR) for rain and versus relative humidity (RH) from surface observations that were collected during the Fog Remote Sensing and Modeling (FRAM) field project, ...

I. Gultepe; J. A. Milbrandt

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

General Probability-matched Relations between Radar Reflectivity and Rain Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method of deriving the relation between radar-observed reflectivities Ze and gauge-measured rain intensity, R is presented. It is based on matching the probabilities of the two variables. The observed reflectivity is often very different from ...

Daniel Rosenfeld; David B. Wolff; David Atlas

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Bayesian Retrieval of Complete Posterior PDFs of Oceanic Rain Rate from Microwave Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new Bayesian algorithm for retrieving surface rain rate from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) over the ocean is presented, along with validations against estimates from the TRMM Precipitation Radar (PR). The ...

J. Christine Chiu; Grant W. Petty

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Improving Estimates of Heavy and Extreme Precipitation Using Daily Records from European Rain Gauges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The long-term variability in heavy precipitation characteristics over Europe for the period 1950–2000 is analyzed using high-quality daily records of rain gauge measurements from the European Climate Assessment (ECA) dataset. To improve the ...

Olga Zolina; Clemens Simmer; Konstantin Belyaev; Alice Kapala; Sergey Gulev

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Rain Attenuation of Radar Echoes Considering Finite-Range Resolution and Using Drop Size Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The classical rain attenuation correction scheme of Hitschfeld and Bordan (HIBO) and the newer iterative approach by Hildebrand (HL) are reconsidered. Although the motivation for the HL algorithm was an extension into ranges, where HIBO tends to ...

Gerhard Peters; Bernd Fischer; Marco Clemens

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Real-Time Correction of Spatially Nonuniform Bias in Radar Rainfall Data Using Rain Gauge Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A procedure for real-time correction of spatially nonuniform bias in radar rainfall data using rain gauge measurements is described. Developed to complement the existing gauge-based bias correction procedures used in the National Weather Service (...

Dong-Jun Seo; J. P. Breidenbach

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Evaluating Light Rain Drop Size Estimates from Multi-Wavelength Micropulse Lidar Network Profiling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate multi-wavelength retrievals of median equivolumetric drop diameter, D0, suitable for drizzle and light rain, through collocated 355/527 nm Micro Pulse Lidar NETwork (MPLNET) observations collected during precipitation occurring 9 ...

Simone Lolli; Ellsworth J. Welton; James. R. Campbell

292

How Does Rain Affect Surface Pressure in a One-Dimensional Framework?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The process of hydrostatic adjustment in a vertical column is discussed in the context of rain formation and sedimentation. The authors assume an event of instantaneous condensation in a midatmospheric layer that removes mass from the gas phase ...

Thomas Spengler; Joseph Egger; Stephen T. Garner

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Rain-Related Impacts on Selected Transportation Activities and Utility Services in the Chicago Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intensive meteorological study of summer precipitation in the Chicago area during 1976–78 furnished detailed data needed to perform a study of the impacts of rain on selected transportation-related activities and on certain utility services. ...

Jan Bertness

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

A Climatology of Freezing Rain in the Great Lakes Region of North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 15-yr climatology of freezing rain surrounding the Great Lakes region of North America has been constructed using data from rawinsondes, surface stations, and gridded reanalyses from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction. This ...

John Cortinas Jr.

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

High-Resolution Imaging of Rain Systems with the Advanced Microwave Precipitation Radiometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Advanced Microwave Precipitation Radiometer (AMPR) has been developed and flown in the NASA ER-2 high-altitude aircraft for imaging various atmospheric and surface processes, primarily the internal structure of rain clouds. The AMPR is a ...

Roy W. Spencer; Robbie E. Hood; Frank J. Lafontaine; Eric A. Smith; Robert Platt; Joe Galliano; Vanessa L. Griffin; Elena Lobl

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Can a Descending Rain Curtain in a Supercell Instigate Tornadogenesis Barotropically?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates whether the descending rain curtain associated with the hook echo of a supercell can instigate a tornado through a purely barotropic mechanism. A simple numerical model of a mesocyclone is constructed in order to rule out ...

Robert Davies-Jones

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A Numerical Study of the Warm Rain Process in Orographic Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique for numerical simulation of a stationary, two-dimensional laminar flow process is described. Based on this technique, a model for warm rain microphysics in an orographic cloud was developed. The model includes condensation, ...

Naihui Song; John Marwitz

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Intrinsic Ambiguities in the Retrieval of Rain Rates from Radar Returns at Attenuating Wavelengths  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that there are significant deterministic ambiguities inherent in trying to determine the particular rain-rate profile that produced some given sequence of air- or spaceborne radar echo powers at a single attenuating frequency. ...

Ziad S. Haddad; Eastwood Im; Stephen L. Durden

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Convective Rain Rates and their Evolution during Storms in a Semiarid Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain rates and their evolution during summertime convective storms were analyzed for the semiarid climate of the northern High Plains. Radar data from a total of 750 radar echo clusters from the 1980 and 1981 summer cloud seeding operations of ...

AndréA. Doneaud; Stefano Ionescu-Niscov; James R. Miller Jr.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The Role of Visible Data in Improving Satellite Rain-Rate Estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from the first Algorithm Intercomparison Project(AIP/1) collected over Japan and surrounding waters in June, July, and August 1989 are used in this study to assess the importance of visible data in satellite rain estimation techniques. The ...

Patrick W. S. King; William D. Hogg; Philip A. Arkin

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Use of Numerical Forecasts for Improving TMI Rain Retrievals over the Mountainous Area in Korea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topographical influences on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) rain retrievals over the terrain area of the Korean peninsula were examined using a training dataset constructed from numerical mesoscale model ...

Eun-Han Kwon; Byung-Ju Sohn; Dong-Eon Chang; Myoung-Hwan Ahn; Song Yang

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Rain Retrieval from TMI Brightness Temperature Measurements Using a TRMM PR–Based Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on improving the retrieval of rain from measured microwave brightness temperatures and the capability of the retrieved field to represent the mesoscale structure of a small intense hurricane. For this study, a database is ...

Nicolas Viltard; Corinne Burlaud; Christian D. Kummerow

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Allowance trading activity and state regulatory rulings : evidence from the U.S. Acid Rain Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Acid Rain Program is one of the first, and by far the most extensive, applications of a market based approach to pollution control. From the beginning, there has been concern whether utilities would participate ...

Bailey, Elizabeth M.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Allowance trading activity and state regulatory rulings : evidence from the U.S. Acid Rain Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Acid Rain Program is one of the first, and by far the most extensive, applications of a market based approach to pollution control. From the beginning, there has been concern whether utilities would participate ...

Bailey, Elizabeth M.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

An Examination of Radar and Rain Gauge–Derived Mean Areal Precipitation over Georgia Watersheds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compared to conventional rain gauge networks, the Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler provides precipitation estimates at enhanced spatial and temporal resolution that River Forecast Centers can use to improve streamflow forecasts. This study ...

Keith M. Stellman; Henry E. Fuelberg; Reggina Garza; Mary Mullusky

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Doppler Polarimetric Radar Measurements of the Gamma Drop Size Distribution of Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conversion of radar reflections into rain intensities is dependent upon assumptions regarding the drop size distribution. The gamma drop size distribution contains three unknown parameters; the number of parameters that can be obtained ...

H. W. J. Russchenberg

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Nimbus-7 37 GHz Radiances Correlated with Radar Rain Rates over the Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a comparison between 37 GHz brightness temperatures from the Nimbus 7 Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer and rain rates derived from the WSR-57 radars at Galveston, Texas and Apalachicola, Florida, it was found that the brightness ...

Roy W. Spencer; Barry B. Hinton; William S. Olson

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Correction of Polarimetric Radar Reflectivity Measurements and Rainfall Estimates for Apparent Vertical Profile in Stratiform Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for correcting the vertical profile of reflectivity measurements and rainfall estimates (VPR) in plan position indicator (PPI) scans of polarimetric weather radars in the melting layer and the snow layer during stratiform rain is ...

John Kalogiros; Marios N. Anagnostou; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou; Mario Montopoli; Errico Picciotti; Frank S. Marzano

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Climatological Characterization of Three-Dimensional Storm Structure from Operational Radar and Rain Gauge Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three algorithms extract information on precipitation type, structure, and amount from operational radar and rain gauge data. Tests on one month of data from one site show that the algorithms perform accurately and provide products that ...

Matthias Steiner; Robert A. Houze Jr.; Sandra E. Yuter

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Data Transformation and Uncertainty in Geostatistical Combination of Radar and Rain Gauges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geostatistics provides a popular framework for deriving high-resolution quantitative precipitation estimates (QPE) by combining radar and rain gauge data. However, the skewed and heteroscedastic nature of precipitation is in contradiction to ...

Rebekka Erdin; Christoph Frei; Hans R. Künsch

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

An Automated Synoptic Typing Procedure to Predict Freezing Rain: An Application to Ottawa, Ontario, Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Freezing rain is a major weather hazard that can compromise human safety, significantly disrupt transportation, and damage and disrupt built infrastructure such as telecommunication towers and electrical transmission and distribution lines. In ...

Chad Shouquan Cheng; Heather Auld; Guilong Li; Joan Klaassen; Bryan Tugwood; Qian Li

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Synoptic-Scale Analysis of Freezing Rain Events in Montreal, Quebec, Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Freezing rain is a major environmental hazard that is especially common along the St. Lawrence River valley (SLRV) in southern Quebec, Canada. For large cities such as Montreal, severe events can have a devastating effect on people, property, and ...

Gina M. Ressler; Shawn M. Milrad; Eyad H. Atallah; John R. Gyakum

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Satellite Cloud Classification and Rain-Rate Estimation Using Multispectral Radiances and Measures of Spatial Texture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Twelve months of Southern Hemisphere (maritime) midlatitudes Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer local area coverage data at full radiometric and spatial resolution have been collocated with rain-rate data from three Doppler weather radars.

Michael J. Uddstrom; Warren R. Gray

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Stable pinching by a pair of robot fingers with soft tips under the effect of gravity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyses lumped-parameter dynamics of a pair of robot fingers with soft and deformable tips pinching a rigid object under the effect of a gravity force. The dynamics of the system in which area contacts between the finger-tips and the surfaces ... Keywords: Gravity, Lumped-parameter dynamics, Robot fingers, Soft tips, Stable pinching

Suguru Arimoto; Zoe Doulgeri; Pham Thuc Anh Nguyen; John Fasoulas

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling April 24, 2012 - 4:18pm Addthis Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling Using passive solar design to heat and cool your home can be both environmentally friendly and cost effective. In many cases, your heating costs can be reduced to less than half the cost of heating a typical home. Passive solar design can also help lower your cooling costs. Passive solar cooling techniques include carefully designed overhangs and using reflective coatings on windows, exterior walls, and roofs. Newer techniques include placing large, insulated windows on south-facing walls and putting thermal mass, such as a concrete slab floor or a heat-absorbing wall, close to the windows. A passive solar house requires careful design and siting, which vary by

316

Tips: Energy-Efficient Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Roofs Energy-Efficient Roofs Tips: Energy-Efficient Roofs April 24, 2012 - 4:29pm Addthis Tips: Energy-Efficient Roofs If you've ever stood on a roof on a hot summer day, you know how hot it can get. The heat from your roof makes your air conditioner work even harder to keep your home cool. Cool Roofs If you are building a new home, decide during planning whether you want a cool roof, and if you want to convert an existing roof, you can: Retrofit the roof with specialized heat-reflective material. Re-cover the roof with a new waterproofing surface (such as tile coating). Replace the roof with a cool one. A cool roof uses material that is designed to reflect more sunlight and absorb less heat than a standard roof. Cool roofs can be made of a highly reflective type of paint, a sheet covering, or highly reflective tiles or

317

Tips: Your Home's Energy Use | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Your Home's Energy Use Your Home's Energy Use Tips: Your Home's Energy Use August 24, 2012 - 12:37pm Addthis Tips: Your Home's Energy Use What does this mean for me? An energy assessment will help you pinpoint where you are losing energy The findings from an assessment will help you set your energy priorities You can save 5%-30% on your energy bill by making upgrades following a home energy assessment How does it work? You can conduct your own do-it-yourself energy assessment or hire a professional. A professional energy auditor runs a series of tests to determine where your home is losing energy. Watch the Energy 101 video to learn more. A home energy assessment (sometimes referred to as an energy audit) will show what parts of your house use the most energy and suggest the best ways

318

Careers - Tips - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Application Tips & Contacts Application Tips & Contacts Understanding EIA's Job Announcements Federal job announcements, including EIA's, can be a little confusing to applicants who aren't used to reading them, but it's worth the effort! These announcements provide important information about qualifications, duties, salary, duty location, and benefits. Each job vacancy consists of a job title, the career path, the series number and the pay band number. For example, in the "Economist, GS-0110-04" citation: "Economist" is the position title "GS" is the pay plan "0110" is the occupational series "04" is the grade level (the traditional Federal GS system can be 1 through 15) Sometimes you will see two types of job announcements: Public notice. These jobs are open to all U.S. citizens; current or

319

Tips: Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems Tips: Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems May 30, 2012 - 5:41pm Addthis Install a new energy-efficient furnace to save money over the long term. Install a new energy-efficient furnace to save money over the long term. If you plan to buy a new heating system, ask your local utility or state energy office about the latest technologies on the market. For example, many newer models have designs for burners and heat exchangers that are more efficient during operation and cut heat loss when the equipment is off. Consider a sealed-combustion furnace -- they are safer and more efficient. Long-Term Savings Tip Install a new energy-efficient furnace to save money over the long term. Look for the ENERGY STAR® and EnergyGuide labels to compare efficiency and

320

Photovoltaics R&D: At the Tipping Point  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'' . . . with robust investments in research and market development, the picture changes dramatically.'' Thus, the realigned U.S. Photovoltaic Industry Roadmap highlights R&D as critical to the tipping point that will make solar photovoltaics (PV) significant in the U.S. energy portfolio--part of a well-designed plan that would bring ''2034 expectations'' to reality by 2020. Technology improvement and introduction depend on key, focused, and pertinent research contributions that range from the most fundamental through the applied. In this paper, we underscore the successes and relevance of our current systems-driven PV R&D programs, which are built on integrated capabilities. These capabilities span atomic-level characterization, nanotechnology, new materials design, interface and device engineering, theoretical guidance and modeling, processing, measurements and analysis, and process integration. This presentation identifies and provides examples of critical research tipping points needed to foster now and near technologies (primarily crystalline silicon and thin films) and to introduce coming generations of solar PV that provide options to push us to the next performance levels (devices with ultra-high efficiencies and with ultra-low cost). The serious importance of science and creativity to U.S. PV technology ownership--and the increased focus to accelerate the time from laboratory discovery to industry adoption--are emphasized at this ''tipping point'' for solar PV.

Kazmerski, L. L.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Gas field ion source current stability for trimer and single atom terminated W(111) tips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tungsten W(111) oriented trimer-terminated tips as well as single atom tips, fabricated by a gas and field assisted etching and evaporation process, were investigated with a view to scanning ion microscopy and ion beam writing applications. In particular, ion current stability was studied for helium and neon imaging gases. Large ion current fluctuations from individual atomic sites were observed when a trimer-terminated tip was used for the creation of neon ion beam. However, neon ion current was stable when a single atom tip was employed. No such current oscillations were observed for either a trimer or a single atom tip when imaged with helium.

Urban, Radovan; Wolkow, Robert A. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada); National Institute for Nanotechnology, National Research Council of Canada, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2M9 (Canada); Pitters, Jason L. [National Institute for Nanotechnology, National Research Council of Canada, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2M9 (Canada)

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

322

Sensitivity of WSR-88D Rainfall Estimates to the Rain-Rate Threshold and Rain Gauge Adjustment: A Flash Flood Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A strong thunderstorm produced a flash flood on the evening of 12 July 1996 in Buffalo Creek, Colorado, that caused two deaths and significant property damage. Most of the rain fell in a 1-h time period from 2000 to 2100 MDT. The performance of ...

Richard A. Fulton

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

What Are Your Favorite Winter Energy Savings Tips? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Are Your Favorite Winter Energy Savings Tips? Are Your Favorite Winter Energy Savings Tips? What Are Your Favorite Winter Energy Savings Tips? January 27, 2012 - 10:06am Addthis This week, Amanda highlighted the Energy Savers seasonal website as a great place to get tips to save money and energy in any season. We want to know which winter energy savings tips you've tried. Have you covered your drafty windows, added weatherstripping to your doors, or opened your south-facing window curtains during the day? How well have these tips worked for you? We want you to share your own favorite tips and tricks with us. What have you done to save energy and money in your home this winter? Tell us! E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regression_analysis. Addthis Related Articles

324

#tipsEnergy: Weatherizing Your Home for Fall | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

#tipsEnergy: Weatherizing Your Home for Fall #tipsEnergy: Weatherizing Your Home for Fall #tipsEnergy: Weatherizing Your Home for Fall October 17, 2012 - 11:30am Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: Weatherizing Your Home for Fall #tipsEnergy is a new feature on the Energy Department's Twitter account, highlighting ways to save energy and money at home. Once a month, we will ask you to share your energy-saving tips so the larger energy community can learn from you, and we will highlight some of the best tips. Storified by Energy Department · Wed, Oct 17 2012 08:30:31 The start of fall brings cooler weather, changing leaves and the need to turn on the heat. But the cooler weather doesn't have to mean sky high energy bills. By taking simple

325

What Are Your Top Tips for Saving Energy? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Are Your Top Tips for Saving Energy? Are Your Top Tips for Saving Energy? What Are Your Top Tips for Saving Energy? June 22, 2012 - 6:41pm Addthis What Are Your Top Tips for Saving Energy? Earlier this week, John Chu shared with us his Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money This Summer. But since most of the country is in the middle of a huge heat wave, it sounds like a great time to share other tips about saving energy, saving money and, most importantly, staying cool. So this week we'd like to know: What tips do you have for saving energy this summer? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles What Do You Set Your Thermostat to?

326

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Goss' Garage Provides Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Goss' Garage Provides Tips for Using Ethanol in Classic Cars on AddThis.com...

327

Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home November 19, 2013 - 9:16am Addthis Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home Energy Savers provides homeowners with tips for saving money and energy at home and on the road. By following just a few of the simple tips here in the Energy Savers guide section of the website, you can make your home more comfortable and easier to heat and cool -- while you save money. We bring you the latest information on energy-saving, efficient technologies. We even give tips for using clean, renewable energy to power your home. Right in your own home, you have the power to save money and energy. Saving energy reduces our nation's overall demand for resources needed to make

328

ARM - Instrument Handbooks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bucket Rain Gauge DISDROMETER 2009 Doppler Lidar DL 2012 Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System ECOR 2011 Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station EBBR 2011 G-Band (183 GHz)...

329

Photo of the Week: Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Season |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Season Photo of the Week: Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Season May 15, 2013 - 1:16pm Addthis President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. The group met to discuss lessons learned during the response to Hurricane Sandy, as well as the ongoing preparations for 2013 hurricane season, which begins June 1. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8,

330

Watch Out for the Snakes! 21 Biologists and one Physicist in a Rain Forest  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Watch Out for the Snakes! 21 Biologists and one Physicist in a Rain Forest Watch Out for the Snakes! 21 Biologists and one Physicist in a Rain Forest in Nicaragua Speaker(s): Donald Grether Date: June 29, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Don, his wife Becky, and their granddaughter Briana recently returned from spending almost three weeks at a field station in a rain forest in Nicaragua, along with UCLA faculty members, graduate students, and undergraduates. Our location was way off the beaten track, even for "eco-tourists", and could only be reached by a three-hour boat trip on Rio San Juan. No hot water or space heating or cooling, running water most but not all of the time, no electricity in our rooms, no windows, and no Internet. Sort of like a near-zero energy building. Don's presentation will include photos that give some sense of why we went, what it took to

331

APRIL 2006 F A LKOVICH ET AL. 591 Rain Initiation Time in Turbulent Warm Clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mean field model is presented that describes droplet growth resulting from condensation and collisions and droplet loss resulting from fallout. The model allows for an effective numerical simulation. The numerical scheme that is conservative in water mass and keeps accurate count of the number of droplets is applied, and the way in which the rain initiation time depends on different parameters is studied. In particular, it is shown that the rain initiation time depends nonmonotonically (has a minimum) on the number of cloud condensation nuclei. Also presented is a simple model that allows one to estimate the rain initiation time for turbulent clouds with an inhomogeneous concentration of cloud condensation nuclei. It is argued that by overseeding even a part of a cloud by small hygroscopic nuclei one can substantially delay the onset of precipitation. 1.

Gregory Falkovich; Mikhail; G. Stepanov

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Macroeconomic impacts of clean coal technologies and acid rain legislation: A comparative analysis  

SciTech Connect

In 1987, the National Association of Manufacturers published a study documenting the negative macroeconomic impacts that could occur if proposed acid rain legislation were passed (NAM 1987). These negative impacts would result from the substantially higher electricity rates that would be needed to finance conventional pollution-control retrofits. The US Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy (DOE/FE) wanted to evaluate the macroeconomic impacts of nonregulatory approaches to reduce the emissions of acid rain precursors. DOE/FE therefore directed Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) to determine the potential for clean coal technologies (CCTs) to satisfy future electric load growth and achieve greater long-term reductions in emissions at a lower cost than could be achieved through a legislative mandate. This study documents the macroeconomic impacts of CCT deployment without acid rain legislation and compares these results with the corresponding impacts of using conventional technologies and meeting mandatory emission reductions. The Argonne Utility Simulation (ARGUS) model was used to determine the least-cost solution and incremental levelized system costs* over the period 1995-2030 for three scenarios: (1) a baseline scenario, in which no acid rain controls are mandated and no CCTs are deployed; (2) an acid rain (AR) scenario, in which legislation (S. 1894, 100th Congress) is mandated but no CCTs are deployed; and (3) a CCT scenario, in which maximum CCT deployment (specifically, integrated gasification combined-cycle or IGCC technology in repowering and new or greenfield'' applications) occurs but no acid rain legislation is mandated. The Data Resources Inc. (DRI) annual macroeconomic model (which was extended from 2010 to 2030) was used to compute the macroeconomic impacts of the AR and CCT scenarios. 2 refs., 28 figs.

Edwards, B.K.; South, D.W.; Veselka, T.D. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.); Gault, N.J. (DRI/McGraw-Hill Energy Service, Lexington, MA (USA))

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

#tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

#tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs July 22, 2013 - 4:18pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs Every month we ask you to share your energy-saving tips, and we feature some of the best ideas in a Storify to encourage others to save energy and money at home. For this month's #tipsEnergy, we want to know how you save on electricity costs. Storified by Energy Department · Fri, Jul 26 2013 10:27:57 From powering our homes' lights and kitchen appliances to running our TVs and computers -- electricity is an essential part of our modern life. It should be no surprise that the average residential electricity bill is more than $110 a month, according to the Energy

334

An Approach to Estimate the Areal Rain-Rate Distribution from Spaceborne Radar by the Use of Multiple Thresholds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimates of rain rate derived from a spaceborne weather radar will be most reliable over an intermediate range of values. At light or heavy rain rates, where the signal-to-noise ratios are degraded either by small values of the backscattered ...

R. Meneghini; J. A. Jones

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Frequency of Heavy Rainstorms on Areas from 10 to 10 000 km2, Defined Using Dense Rain Gauge Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operation in Illinois of eight dense rain gauge networks of varying sizes, with each operating for 5–22 yr, provided data used to assess the temporal frequency of very heavy rain events on small- to moderate-sized areas. Initial testing reveals ...

Stanley A. Changnon

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Validation of the Rain Profiling Algorithm “ZPHI” from the C-Band Polarimetric Weather Radar in Darwin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extensive application of a rain profiling algorithm (ZPHI) employing a C-band polarimetric radar (the C-POL radar of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre in Darwin) is presented. ZPHI belongs to the class of rain profiling ...

Erwan Le Bouar; Jacques Testud; Tom D. Keenan

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

A Comparison of NEXRAD WSR-88D Radar Estimates of Rain Accumulation with Gauge Measurements for High- and Low-Reflectivity Horizontal Gradient Precipitation Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar-estimated rainfall amounts from the NEXRAD Weather Surveillance Radar precipitation accumulation algorithm were compared with measurements from numerous rain gauges (1639 radar versus gauge comparisons). Storm total rain accumulations from ...

Gerard E. Klazura; Jessica M. Thomale; D. Scott Kelly; Paul Jendrowski

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Reduce Natural Gas Use in Your Industrial Steam Systems: Ten Timely Tips  

SciTech Connect

This DOE Industrial Technologies Program brochure provides 10 timely tips to help industrial manufacturing plants save money and reduce natural gas use in their steam systems.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Energy Savers---Tips on Saving Energy and Money at Home (Fifth Printing)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Provides consumers with home energy and money savings tips such as insulation, weatherization, heating, cooling, water heating, energy efficient windows, landscaping, lighting, and energy efficient appliances.

DOE Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs

2001-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

340

Tips for Writing Good Proposals for HFIR and SNS | ORNL Neutron...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tips for Writing Good Proposals for HFIR and SNS Contact instrument staff before writing and ask them about opportunities for collaboration. Staff are available to: Contact...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Tips for Planning, Building, and Testing a Model Car  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tips for Planning, Building, and Testing Your Lithium- Ion Battery Powered Car CONTENTS: ï‚¢ Teacher Overview ï‚¢ What Teachers Can Do To Help ï‚¢ Student Design Plan ï‚¢ Brainstorming ï‚¢ Materials ï‚¢ Chassis Design ï‚¢ Transmission ï‚¢ Gear Ratio ï‚¢ Wheels and Bearings ï‚¢ Battery ï‚¢ Testing ï‚¢ Trouble Shooting TEACHER OVERVIEW ï‚¢ The Lithium-ion battery powered car competition is designed to be an engineering challenge for middle school students. ï‚¢ Students will be exploring the following concepts while planning, building and testing their cars: ï‚— Alternative energy sources ï‚— Engineering design ï‚— Aerodynamics ï‚— Force and motion ï‚— Teamwork ï‚— Problem solving ï‚¢ Teams who do not have a completed car at the

342

Tips: Home Office and Electronics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Office and Electronics Home Office and Electronics Tips: Home Office and Electronics April 24, 2012 - 6:52pm Q&A How do you save energy when working at home? Ask Us Addthis Keep Your Home Office Efficient with ENERGY STAR. 1 of 2 Keep Your Home Office Efficient with ENERGY STAR. Laptops are far more efficient than desktop computers, especially ENERGY STAR qualified models. Use Smart Power Strips to Save Energy. 2 of 2 Use Smart Power Strips to Save Energy. Many electronics go into standby mode when you turn them off. Reduce wasted (vampire) power by plugging electronics into a smart power strip, which can turn your electronics off completely. Shop for ENERGY STAR® Office Products Computers Imaging equipment (copiers, printers, fax machines, scanners) Monitors and other displays Many people work from home at least one day per week. Working from home

343

Junior Solar Sprint Inside Tips on Parts and Construction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL/BK-820-30827 NREL/BK-820-30827 Revised 8/23/01 Inside Tips on Parts and Construction Written by: Robert Haehnel 2 Parts is Parts: So you are ready to build the ultimate JSS car. You have the perfect design, and the ultimate gear ratio and tire size combination. But you just visited every hobby store in the Upper Valley and could not find a single gear or pulley that would fit your motor. Now what do you do? It is time to cannibalize! The best place to find gears and pulleys of all different sizes is in old tape recorders and VCRs. The very kind that you may find in Thrift stores all over the Upper Valley. While you're pawing through the tape recorded stock at the local thrift store also consider electric mixers, and remote control cars as other possible donors to your JSS cause.

344

Fermilab Today - Safety Tip of the Week Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 December 17, 2007 Stay safe while shoveling Though winter doesn't start for five days, many of us have already seen enough snow. One person who gets to deal with more than his fair share of snow is Roads & Grounds Department Manager, Mike Becker. He points out that the hazards of snow shoveling go beyond back strains and slips; moving heavy snow is also hard physical labor. Here are some tips for avoiding injury during snow removal. Fitness - The frequency and severity of heart attacks peak in winter. If you are over 45 and sedentary, avoid shoveling unless you get approval from your physician. If you smoke, have heart disease, high blood pressure, are overweight, or on chemotherapy, you should avoid shoveling regardless of age. December 10, 2007

345

Tips & Tricks for Uploading Images with Research Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Tricks for Uploading Images with Research Highlights & Tricks for Uploading Images with Research Highlights Images: (optional) Only images in JPEG, BMP, GIF, or PNG can be accepted up to 10 Mb. The image caption is limited to 500 characters. Tip: For comparisons, lay multiple images out side by side, vertically or in a grid formation to create a single image file for uploading on the Research Highlight Submittal Form. Trick: If image editing soft ware is unavailable, the task can be accomplished using Microsoft (MS) Word as follows: 1. Insert or paste the images on a blank MS Word document and arrange them as desired. 2. Use the "Print Screen" function on the computer to capture the composite image. 3. Paste the new image (created from "Print Screen") onto a new blank MS Word document or

346

Safety_Tips_for_Christmas_Shopping-DEC-2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Christmas Shopping for Christmas Shopping The holiday shopping season can be a time of great joy safety risks. Below are some safety tips to keep in mind while shopping. * Carry a cell phone and program emergency and * If you plan on carrying a purse or handbag, carry it as clo body as possible. * Try to shop during the daytime hours and bring a friend or family member Safety in numbers! * Carry minimal amounts of cash. * Have credit card numbers and customer service numbers case. * If your card(s) are lost or stolen, call the credit card loss. * Do not overload yourself with packages. * If you must leave purchases * When walking to the parkin * When unloading the content purse unattended in the shopping cart. * Be cautious of anyone who approaches you in a parking lot or in a store. It could be a

347

Torrential Rains on the Spanish Mediterranean Coast: Modeling the Effects of the Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Torrential rains are a frequent meteorological risk in the Mediterranean Basin, and the work reported here is part of a long-term study that includes the analysis of the synoptic conditions involved in their genesis. This paper studies the role ...

Francisco Pastor; MarÍa J. Estrela; David Peñarrocha; Millán M. Millán

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Dynamics and Prediction of a Mesoscale Extreme Rain Event in the Baiu Front over Kyushu, Japan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-resolution version of the limited-area primitive equations model of the Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre is used to investigate the dynamics and prediction of the mesoscale, extreme rain event of 1 August 1993 over Kyushu. The model ...

Noel E. Davidson; Kazuo Kurihara; Teruyuki Kato; Graham Mills; Kamal Puri

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

The Heavy Rain Event of 29 October 2000 in Hana, Maui  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 29 October 2000, the Hana region of Maui received 700 mm of rain in 7 h. Radar analyses revealed that the storm consisted of seven cells that were initiated along the southeast slope of Haleakala volcano. One of these cells survived for nearly ...

Ryan E. Lyman; Thomas A. Schroeder; Gary M. Barnes

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Measurements of the Transmission Loss of a Radome at Different Rain Intensities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results on the transmission loss of a dry and a wet C-band weather radar radome at different rain intensities are presented. Two methods were used in the study, both carried out under laboratory conditions. In the first method, the complex ...

Mikko Kurri; Asko Huuskonen

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Organization and Environmental Properties of Extreme-Rain-Producing Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the radar-indicated structures and other features of extreme rain events in the United States over a 3-yr period. A rainfall event is defined as “extreme” when the 24-h precipitation total at one or more stations surpasses the ...

Russ S. Schumacher; Richard H. Johnson

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Comparison of Bulk and Bin Warm-Rain Microphysics Models Using a Kinematic Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development and testing of a bulk warm-rain microphysics model that is capable of addressing the impact of atmospheric aerosols on ice-free clouds. Similarly to previous two-moment bulk schemes, this model predicts the ...

Hugh Morrison; Wojciech W. Grabowski

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Polarimetric Estimates of a 1-Month Accumulation of Light Rain with a 3-cm Wavelength Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors evaluate rainfall estimates from the new polarimetric X-band radar at Bonn, Germany, for a period between mid-November and the end of December 2009 by comparison with rain gauges. The emphasis is on slightly more than 1-month ...

L. Borowska; D. Zrni?; A. Ryzhkov; P. Zhang; C. Simmer

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Long-Lasting Trade-Wind Rain Showers in a Three-Dimensional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional warm rain model that included microphysics was used to study the reasons for ease of rainfall in Hawaiian clouds and the long-lasting rainfall from certain rainbands. It was found that drop recirculation occurs within these ...

Tsutomu Takahashi

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Local and Synoptic Environments Associated with Freezing Rain in the Contiguous United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Local and synoptic conditions associated with freezing-rain events in the continental United States, as well as the temporal and spatial variability of these conditions, have been documented for the period 1976–90. It had been postulated that the ...

Chris C. Robbins; John V. Cortinas Jr.

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The Ground-Truth Problem for Satellite Estimates of Rain Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a scheme is proposed to use a point raingage to compare contemporaneous measurements of rain rate from a single-field-of-view estimate based on a satellite remote sensor such as a microwave radiometer. Even in the ideal case the ...

Gerald R. North; Juan B. Valdés; Eunho Ha; Samuel S. P. Shen

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Measurements of 7Be and 210Pb in Rain, Snow, and Hail  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the levels of 7Be and 210Pb are reported for rain, snow, and hail samples taken at Argonne, Illinois, and Socorro, New Mexico. These natural radioisotopes are indicators of the sources of the aerosols contributing materials to the ...

Jeffrey S. Gaffney; Kent A. Orlandini; Nancy A. Marley; Carl J. Popp

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Climatology of Heavy Rain Events in the United States from Hourly Precipitation Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash flooding is frequently associated with heavy precipitation (defined here as ?1 in. h?1) occurring over a short period of time. To begin a study of flash flood–producing rain events, the Hourly Precipitation Dataset (HPD) is used to develop ...

Harold E. Brooks; David J. Stensrud

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Heavy Rains and Flooding in Montana: A Case for Operational Use of Symmetric Instability Diagnosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A strongly developing cyclone east of the Rockies moved northward along the Montana/North Dakota border between 24–26 September 1986 and deposited over 1 in. of rain throughout much of eastern Montana. Included in this area of precipitation was ...

Glenn R. Lussky

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Study of a Heavy Rain Vortex Formed over the Eastern Flank of the Tibetan Plateau  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case of the heavy rain vortex which occurred during the period 14–15 July 1979 is studied using a limited-area mesoscale numerical model. This is a representative example of a group of warm southwest vortices that often form over the eastern ...

Bin Wang; Isidoro Orlanski

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Soil Thermal and Ecological Impacts of Rain on Snow Events in the Circumpolar Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain on snow (ROS) events are rare in most parts of the circumpolar Arctic, but have been shown to have great impact on soil surface temperatures and serve as triggers for avalanches in the midlatitudes, and they have been implicated in ...

Kevin J. Rennert; Gerard Roe; Jaakko Putkonen; Cecilia M. Bitz

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The combined effect of rain and wind on airwater gas exchange: A feasibility study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rights reserved. 1. Introduction Air­water gas exchange is an important process on local, regional, and cycling of biogeochemically important trace gases. Gas exchange for slightly soluble gases is thought of the reduction. In order to examine the systematic effects of rain and wind on gas exchange in the natural

Ho, David

363

Synoptic and Mesoscale Structure of a Severe Freezing Rain Event: The St. Valentine's Day Ice Storm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A severe freezing rainstorm produced as much as 4.5 cm of freezing rain during an 18-h period at Champaign, Illinois, on 14–15 February 1990, resulting in over $12 million in damage, week-long power outages, and a federal disaster declaration. ...

Robert M. Rauber; Mohan K. Ramamurthy; Ali Tokay

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Analysis of Video Disdrometer and Polarimetric Radar Data to Characterize Rain Microphysics in Oklahoma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, data from three 2-dimensional video disdrometers (2DVDs) and an S-band polarimetric radar are used to characterize rain microphysics in Oklahoma. Sampling errors from the 2DVD measurements are quantified through side-by-side ...

Qing Cao; Guifu Zhang; Edward Brandes; Terry Schuur; Alexander Ryzhkov; Kyoko Ikeda

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Proposal for a Spaceborne Dual-Beam Rain Radar with Doppler Capability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential characteristics and performances of a spaceborne dual-beam radar (or stereo radar) operating at 24 GHz, and devoted primarily to the retrieval of rain-rate structure by using the stereo-radar analysis, were presented in a previous ...

Paul Amayenc; Jacques Testud; Mongi Marzoug

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Refined tip preparation by electrochemical etching and ultrahigh vacuum treatment to obtain atomically sharp tips for scanning tunneling microscope and atomic force microscope  

SciTech Connect

A modification of the common electrochemical etching setup is presented. The described method reproducibly yields sharp tungsten tips for usage in the scanning tunneling microscope and tuning fork atomic force microscope. In situ treatment under ultrahigh vacuum (p {<=}10{sup -10} mbar) conditions for cleaning and fine sharpening with minimal blunting is described. The structure of the microscopic apex of these tips is atomically resolved with field ion microscopy and cross checked with field emission.

Hagedorn, Till; Ouali, Mehdi El; Paul, William; Oliver, David; Miyahara, Yoichi; Gruetter, Peter [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 Rue University, Montreal, QC H3A2T8 (Canada)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

The blade flutter measurement based on the blade tip timing method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the measurement of the steam turbine blade vibrations in power systems via the blade tip timing (BTT) method. It describes a BTT principle and the sensor instrumentation for the vibration measurement. The introductory part of the ... Keywords: FPGA, blade tip timing, blade vibration, eddy current sensors, turbine

Vja?eslav Georgiev; Michael Holík; Václav Kraus; Aleš Krutina; Zden?k Kubín; Jind?ich Liška; Martin Poupa

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money in the Winter | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money in the Winter Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money in the Winter December 10, 2012 - 12:43pm Q&A What are some other ways that you save energy...

369

Prediction and Analysis of Rotor Tip-Clearance Flows using Large-Eddy Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to analyze the dynamics of rotor tip-clearance flow and determine the underlying mechanism for the tip-leakage cavitation, a newly developed large-eddy simulation (LES) solver which combines an immersed-boundary method with a generalized curvilinearstructured ...

Donghyun You; Meng Wang; Parviz Moin; Rajat Mittal

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Motivating Students by Technologies: A Case Study on Adopting Tips Pedagogy in a General Physics Course  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a case study on adopting TIPS pedagogy in a general physics course. The TIPS pedagogy is reviewed with ARCS model on how to motivate students by technologies, such as network and IrDA devices. This study also proposed observations ... Keywords: Motivation, Pedagogy, Qualitative Researches, Technology, Wireless Device

Yu-Fen Chen; Sung-Bin Chang; Chen-Chung Liu; Yi-Wen Chu; Ben Chang; Tak-Wai Chan

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Small-sized flat-tip CNT emitters for miniaturized x-ray tubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small tip-type CNT emitters with the diameter of 0.8 mm were fabricated for miniaturized X-ray tubes. The CNT emitters were prepared by dropping CNTs and silver nanoparticles on a flat surface of a W metal tip followed by annealing at 800°C for ...

Hyun Jin Kim, Jun Mok Ha, Sung Hwan Heo, Sung Oh Cho

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

#tipsEnergy: Saving on Home Heating Costs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saving on Home Heating Costs Saving on Home Heating Costs #tipsEnergy: Saving on Home Heating Costs November 23, 2012 - 3:37pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: Saving on Home Heating Costs A feature on the Energy Department's Twitter account, #tipsEnergy highlights ways to save energy and money at home. Once a month, we ask you to share your energy-saving tips so the larger energy community can learn from you, and we feature some of the best tips in a Storify. Storified by Energy Department · Fri, Nov 23 2012 12:37:07 As we head into December, the cold weather season is officially upon us, and nowhere is that more evident than on your utility bills. Home heating and cooling uses more energy than any other

373

#tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Water Heating Costs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Heating Costs Water Heating Costs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Water Heating Costs February 20, 2013 - 5:09pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Water Heating Costs Every month we ask the larger energy community to share their energy-saving tips, and we feature some of our favorite tips in a Storify. For this month's #tipsEnergy, we wanted to know how you save energy and money on water heating. Storified by Energy Department · Wed, Feb 20 2013 14:12:00 Hot water is essential to most of our lives: We use it to shower, run the dishwasher and wash clothes. Quite frequently, we use more hot water than we think -- the average rate hot water flows out of the kitchen faucet is 2 gallons per minute, and an eight-minute shower

374

Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Less Hard but More Fracture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Less Hard but More Fracture Resistant: A Comparison of Mineralized and Heavy-element Biological Materials figure 1 Figure 1. The heavy element biomaterial is the darker material at the tip of the shore crab claws. Figure "b" shows the same claw as "a" but after bead blasting. The claw tips are less eroded by the bead blasting than surrounding calcified material, suggesting a greater resistance to chipping from impact. Scale bar: 2mm Invertebrates modify their jaws, claws, carapaces and other mechanical structures with a variety of inorganic materials. One of the best-known examples is the calcified cuticle of crabs. We have found that many crabs also employ an uncalcified bromine-rich biological material at the tips of

375

Earth Day Recap: Sharing Tips for Improving Your Home's Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earth Day Recap: Sharing Tips for Improving Your Home's Energy Earth Day Recap: Sharing Tips for Improving Your Home's Energy Efficiency Earth Day Recap: Sharing Tips for Improving Your Home's Energy Efficiency April 24, 2013 - 12:30pm Addthis Miss our Earth Day Hangout? View it now. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Want more info? Check out Energy Saver for tips and advice on ways to reduce your energy use. This week, more than 1 billion people in more than 190 countries celebrated Earth Day, demonstrating their support for environmental protection. First started in 1970 to encourage environmental reform, Earth Day is now an opportunity to take individual actions to protect the environment and use our resources -- like energy -- more efficiently. To celebrate Earth Day, we hosted a live Q&A to share tips and advice that

376

#tipsEnergy: How to Save Energy This Spring | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Spring Spring #tipsEnergy: How to Save Energy This Spring March 20, 2013 - 12:19pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: How to Save Energy This Spring Every month we ask you to share your energy-saving tips, and we feature some of the best tips in a Storify to encourage others to save energy and money at home. For this month's #tipsEnergy, we want to know how you save energy during the spring. Storified by Energy Department · Tue, Apr 23 2013 11:45:14 The start of spring means longer days and warmer weather. But just because temperatures are rising, doesn't mean your energy bills have to. There are plenty of no-cost or low-cost ways to reduce your energy bills. This month, we want to know how you plan to take advantage of the changing weather to save energy

377

Earth Day Recap: Sharing Tips for Improving Your Home's Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earth Day Recap: Sharing Tips for Improving Your Home's Energy Earth Day Recap: Sharing Tips for Improving Your Home's Energy Efficiency Earth Day Recap: Sharing Tips for Improving Your Home's Energy Efficiency April 24, 2013 - 12:30pm Addthis Miss our Earth Day Hangout? View it now. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Want more info? Check out Energy Saver for tips and advice on ways to reduce your energy use. This week, more than 1 billion people in more than 190 countries celebrated Earth Day, demonstrating their support for environmental protection. First started in 1970 to encourage environmental reform, Earth Day is now an opportunity to take individual actions to protect the environment and use our resources -- like energy -- more efficiently. To celebrate Earth Day, we hosted a live Q&A to share tips and advice that

378

Energy Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers Mobile Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers Mobile Site Energy Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers Mobile Site March 16, 2012 - 12:46pm Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory For years, many of you have found energy-saving tips about how to save money and energy at home, in your vehicle, and at work on our EnergySavers desktop site. This month, we launched a new Energy Savers mobile website-which provides homeowners these with tips conveniently through your mobile device. Whether you're on the road, at the store, or talking with your home improvement contractor, you can find ways to make your home more comfortable and easier to heat and cool - and save money at the same time.

379

Further Experiments on the Effect of Tropical Atlantic Heating Anomalies upon GCM Rain Forecasts over the Americas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of real-data experiments is performed with a general circulation model to study the sensitivity of extended range rain forecasts over the Americas to the structure and magnitude of tropical beating anomalies. The emphasis is upon heat ...

Julio Buchmann; Lawrence E. Buja; Jan Paegle; Robert E. Dickinson

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Correction of the High-Latitude Rain Day Anomaly in the NCEP–NCAR Reanalysis for Land Surface Hydrological Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spurious wavelike pattern in the monthly rain day statistics exists within the National Centers for Environmental Prediction–National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP–NCAR) reanalysis precipitation product. The anomaly, which is an ...

Justin Sheffield; Alan D. Ziegler; Eric F. Wood; Yangbo Chen

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Correction of Drop Shape-Induced Errors on Rain Rates Derived from Radar-Measured Doppler Spectra at Vertical Incidence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shape of larger raindrops shows a deviation from spheres. This leads to a radar backscatter cross section different from the Rayleigh cross section. The drop shape-induced error for deducing rain rates is calculated. The resulting correction ...

Dirk Klugmann; Carolin Richter

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

A Robust Error-Based Rain Estimation Method for Polarimetric Radar. Part I: Development of a Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The algorithms used to estimate rainfall from polarimetric radar variables show significant variance in error characteristics over the range of naturally occurring rain rates. As a consequence, to improve rainfall estimation accuracy using ...

Acacia S. Pepler; Peter T. May; Merhala Thurai

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Diagnosis of the Warm Rain Process in Cloud-Resolving Models Using Joint CloudSat and MODIS Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the warm rain formation process in global and regional cloud-resolving models. Methodologies developed to analyze CloudSat and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite observations are employed to ...

Kentaroh Suzuki; Graeme L. Stephens; Susan C. van den Heever; Takashi Y. Nakajima

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

On the Differences in Storm Rainfall from Hurricanes Isidore and Lili. Part I: Satellite Observations and Rain Potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been well known for years that the heavy rain and flooding of tropical cyclones over land bear a weak relationship to the maximum wind intensity. The rainfall accumulation history and rainfall potential history of two North Atlantic ...

Haiyan Jiang; Jeffrey B. Halverson; Joanne Simpson

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Analysis of 2002 and 2003 Warm-Season Precipitation from the North American Monsoon Experiment Event Rain Gauge Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analyses of rainfall characteristics and their linkage to physiographic features are made from the North American monsoon experiment (NAME) Event Rain Gauge Network (NERN) in northwest Mexico. The findings are based on the network configuration ...

David J. Gochis; Alejandro Jimenez; Christopher J. Watts; Jaime Garatuza-Payan; W. James Shuttleworth

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

APHRODITE: Constructing a Long-Term Daily Gridded Precipitation Dataset for Asia Based on a Dense Network of Rain Gauges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A daily gridded precipitation dataset covering a period of more than 57 yr was created by collecting and analyzing rain gauge observation data across Asia through the activities of the Asian Precipitation—Highly Resolved Observational Data Integration ...

Akiyo Yatagai; Kenji Kamiguchi; Osamu Arakawa; Atsushi Hamada; Natsuko Yasutomi; Akio Kitoh

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Intercomparison of Single-Frequency Methods for Retrieving a Vertical Rain Profile from Airborne or Spaceborne Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper briefly reviews several single-frequency rain profiling methods for an airborne or spaceborne radar. The authors describe the different methods from a unified point of view starting from the basic differential equation. This ...

Toshio Iguchi; Robert Meneghini

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

A Comparison of Gamma and Lognormal Distributions for Characterizing Satellite Rain Rates from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the spatial characteristics of nonzero rain rates to develop a probability density function (PDF) model of precipitation using rainfall data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite. The minimum ?2 ...

Hye-Kyung Cho; Kenneth P. Bowman; Gerald R. North

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The Improved AMSU Rain-Rate Algorithm and Its Evaluation for a Cool Season Event in the Western United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain-rate retrievals from passive microwave sensors are useful for a number of applications related to weather forecasting. For example, in the United States, such estimates are useful for offshore rainfall systems approaching land and in regions ...

Shuang Qiu; Paul Pellegrino; Ralph Ferraro; Limin Zhao

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Application of an Apple-II Computer in Real-Time Data Processing of Microwave Radiation Attenuation by Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using an Apple-II microcomputer, real-time data acquisition, processing, staring and display of 12 GHz microwave radiation attenuation by rain have been implemented. The computer-radiometer interface consists of an address decoder, two three-...

Song Qian

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

An Observational Study of the Relationship between Excessively Strong Short Rains in Coastal East Africa and Indian Ocean SST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composites of SST, wind, rainfall, and humidity have been constructed for years of high rainfall during September, October, and November (SON) in equatorial and southern-central East Africa. These show that extreme East African short rains are ...

Emily Black; Julia Slingo; Kenneth R. Sperber

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Relationships between Radar Properties at High Elevations and Surface Rain Rate: Potential Use for Spaceborne Rainfall Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground-based radar data have been used to investigate the relationship between reflectivity at high elevations and surface rain rates. Such relations are useful for rainfall measurements by spaceborne radars at attenuating wavelength such as the ...

Eyal Amitai

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Characteristics of the Vertical Profiles of Dual-Frequency, Dual-Polarization Radar Data in Stratiform Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Airborne dual-wavelength and dual-polarization radar data are analyzed for measurements taken in stratiform rain in the western Pacific during September 1990. The focus of the paper is on the vertical profiles of the linear depolarization ratio, ...

R. Meneghini; H. Kumagai

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Characteristic Features of Warm-Type Rain Producing Heavy Rainfall over the Korean Peninsula Inferred from TRMM Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to the view that deep convection causes heavy rainfall, Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) measurements demonstrate that heavy rainfall (ranging from moderate to extreme rain rate) over the Korean peninsula is associated more ...

B. J. Sohn; Geun-Hyeok Ryu; Hwan-Jin Song; Mi-Lim Ou

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Numerical Simulation of a Rain Shower Affected by Waste Energy Released from a Cooling Tower Complex in a Calm Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An axisymmetric cloud model is used to investigate the evolution of convective cells and associated rain showers that develop due to the sensible and latent heat released into a calm atmosphere from an industrial cooling complex. The simulated ...

S. Guan; G. W. Reuter

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

CPOL Radar-Derived Drop Size Distribution Statistics of Stratiform and Convective Rain for Two Regimes in Darwin, Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note builds on prior technique development related to the classification of rain types utilizing C-band polarimetric (CPOL) radar measurements. While the prior work was preliminary and limited in scope, the authors elaborate here on the ...

M. Thurai; V. N. Bringi; P. T. May

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

An Analysis of Freezing Rain, Freezing Drizzle, and Ice Pellets across the United States and Canada: 1976–90  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comprehensive analysis of freezing rain, freezing drizzle, and ice pellets was conducted using data from surface observations across the United States and Canada. This study complements other studies of freezing precipitation in the United ...

John V. Cortinas Jr.Ben C. Bernstein; Christopher C. Robbins; J. Walter Strapp

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Characteristic features of warm-type rain producing heavy rainfall over the Korean peninsula inferred from TRMM measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to the view that deep convection causes the heavy rainfall, Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) measurements demonstrate that heavy rainfall (ranging from moderate to extreme rain rate) over the Korean peninsula is associated ...

B.J. Sohn; Geun-Hyeok Ryu; Hwan-Jin Song; Mi-Lim Ou

399

Voluntary compliance with market-based environment poliy [sic] : evidence from the U.S. acid rain program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. acid rain program, Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, is a pioneering experience in environmental regulation by setting a market for electric utility emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and by including ...

Montero, Juan Pablo

400

Numerical simulation of the impeller tip clearance effect on centrifugal compressor performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the numerical simulation of flow in centrifugal compressors. A three-dimensional Navier-Stokes solver was employed to simulate flow through two centrifugal compressors. The first compressor simulated was the NASA low speed centrifugal compressor (LSCC). The LSCC was selected as a test compressor because of the experimental data available. The numerically simulated data was compared to the experimental data to validate the flow solver. The numerical results were in good agreement with the experimental. The second compressor simulated was a Honeywell turbopump centrifugal compressor (HCC). The HCC was simulated for three tip clearances at six wheel speeds. Six operating conditions were investigated at each tip clearance and wheel speed. The data obtained from the HCC simulations was used to investigate the effect of tip clearance on compressor performance. Specifically, the total-total pressure ratio, mass flow rate and adiabatic efficiencies were tracked to see how each were affected by an increasing tip clearance. The results show that as the tip clearance was increased, the total-total pressure ratio, mass flow rate and adiabatic efficiencies all decreased for the same static-total pressure ratio. The pressure differences and temperature differences, from the pressure side to the suction side of the blade, and the vorticity were all explored as possible causes of this reduced performance. The pressure proved to be the biggest impactor on performance. The increased tip clearance let more flow leak across the blade tip. The leakage flow tried to homogenize the pressure difference across the blade. The overall effect resulted in a much lower pressure difference. The temperature remained nearly the same as the tip clearance increased. The vorticity increased, but this was also a result of the increased tip leakage flow. To aid in total-total pressure ratio predictions, the results for the HCC were put into compressor maps.

Hoenninger, Corbett Reed

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Electric Utility Phase I Acid Rain Compliance Strategies for the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Acid Rain Program is divided into two time periods; Phase I, from 1995 through 1999, and Phase II, starting in 2000. Phase I mostly affects power plants that are the largest sources of SO2 and NOx . Phase II affects virtually all electric power producers, including utilities and nonutilities. This report is a study of the effects of compliance with Phase I regulations on the costs and operations of electric utilities, but does not address any Phase II impacts.

Information Center

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Rain water transport and storage in a model sandy soil with hydrogel particle additives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study rain water infiltration and drainage in a dry model sandy soil with superabsorbent hydrogel particle additives by measuring the mass of retained water for non-ponding rainfall using a self-built 3D laboratory set-up. In the pure model sandy soil, the retained water curve measurements indicate that instead of a stable horizontal wetting front that grows downward uniformly, a narrow fingered flow forms under the top layer of water-saturated soil. This rain water channelization phenomenon not only further reduces the available rain water in the plant root zone, but also affects the efficiency of soil additives, such as superabsorbent hydrogel particles. Our studies show that the shape of the retained water curve for a soil packing with hydrogel particle additives strongly depends on the location and the concentration of the hydrogel particles in the model sandy soil. By carefully choosing the particle size and distribution methods, we may use the swollen hydrogel particles to modify the soil pore structure, to clog or extend the water channels in sandy soils, or to build water reservoirs in the plant root zone.

Y. Wei; D. J. Durian

2013-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

403

U.S. Department of Energy Launches Website with Energy Saving Tips for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Website with Energy Saving Tips Website with Energy Saving Tips for Consumers U.S. Department of Energy Launches Website with Energy Saving Tips for Consumers April 22, 2008 - 10:49am Addthis Site Highlights Ways to Make Everyday Earth Day with Wise Energy Choices WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today launched a new internet feature which provides tips to consumers on how to make everyday Earth Day by making smart energy choices to save money while protecting the environment. The interactive web page shows consumers steps to use less energy with household electronics, lighting, and appliances to save on monthly bills and how to avoid wasting energy by improving the energy efficiency of their homes and cars. The site also features the Department's work to develop cleaner, more

404

#tipsEnergy: How to Save Energy This Summer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

we feature some of the best ideas in a Storify to encourage others to save energy and money at home. For this month's tipsEnergy, we want to know how you plan to save energy...

405

Effect of radial transport on compressor tip clearance flow structures and enhancement of stable flow range  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relation between tip clearance flow structure and axial compressor stall is interrogated via numerical simulations, to determine how casing treatment can result in improved flow range. Both geometry changes and flow ...

Nolan, Sean Patrick Rock

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Stay Warm and Save Money This Winter with Tips from the Energy Department |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stay Warm and Save Money This Winter with Tips from the Energy Stay Warm and Save Money This Winter with Tips from the Energy Department Stay Warm and Save Money This Winter with Tips from the Energy Department December 19, 2011 - 1:24pm Addthis Department of Energy headquarters during the winter months. | DOE file photo. Department of Energy headquarters during the winter months. | DOE file photo. What does this mean for me? Help your family save money by saving energy with these tips this winter. Click "start now" on Benefits.gov to find out if you're eligible for government assistance, including energy-related costs. Editor's note: This article was originally posted on Benefits.gov. As the days get shorter and temperatures get cooler, those energy bills seem to just keep going up. The average American spends around $2,000 per household on energy costs

407

Save Some Green--Grass AND Dollars--with These Lawn Care Tips | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Save Some Green--Grass AND Dollars--with These Lawn Care Tips Save Some Green--Grass AND Dollars--with These Lawn Care Tips Save Some Green--Grass AND Dollars--with These Lawn Care Tips August 3, 2009 - 10:38am Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory Especially for home owners who have automatic sprinkler systems, it's easy to forget that regular summer watering uses a tremendous amount of water and can contribute to higher than necessary water bills. Consider these easy tips for saving money and water when caring for your lawn: Water only when your lawn needs it. The rule of thumb is that your lawn needs one inch of water per week. If you walk across your lawn and leave footprints, it's time to water. Or you can use a screwdriver as a probe to test soil moisture. If it goes in easily, don't water.

408

#tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Costs Electricity Costs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs July 22, 2013 - 4:18pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: Ways to Save on Electricity Costs Every month we ask you to share your energy-saving tips, and we feature some of the best ideas in a Storify to encourage others to save energy and money at home. For this month's #tipsEnergy, we want to know how you save on electricity costs. Storified by Energy Department · Fri, Jul 26 2013 10:27:57 From powering our homes' lights and kitchen appliances to running our TVs and computers -- electricity is an essential part of our modern life. It should be no surprise that the average residential electricity bill is more than $110 a month, according to the Energy

409

Stay Warm and Save Money This Winter with Tips from the Energy Department |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stay Warm and Save Money This Winter with Tips from the Energy Stay Warm and Save Money This Winter with Tips from the Energy Department Stay Warm and Save Money This Winter with Tips from the Energy Department December 19, 2011 - 1:24pm Addthis Department of Energy headquarters during the winter months. | DOE file photo. Department of Energy headquarters during the winter months. | DOE file photo. What does this mean for me? Help your family save money by saving energy with these tips this winter. Click "start now" on Benefits.gov to find out if you're eligible for government assistance, including energy-related costs. Editor's note: This article was originally posted on Benefits.gov. As the days get shorter and temperatures get cooler, those energy bills seem to just keep going up. The average American spends around $2,000 per household on energy costs

410

Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money This Summer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money This Summer Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money This Summer Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money This Summer June 18, 2012 - 2:14pm Addthis John Chu John Chu Communications Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy June 20th marks the first day of summer, and for many of us that means trips to the beach, outdoor concerts, and cool drinks. Summer is also a great season to save energy and money in your home. Here are some tips to get you started: Lighting makes up about 10% of home electricity costs. You can save up to 80% of that energy by simply replacing your traditional incandescents with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and light emitting diodes (LEDs). They will also last you for years after the summer is gone, saving money on replacements.

411

#tipsEnergy: How to Save Energy This Summer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summer Summer #tipsEnergy: How to Save Energy This Summer June 19, 2013 - 4:02pm Addthis Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs #tipsEnergy: How to Save Energy This Summer Every month we ask you to share your energy-saving tips, and we feature some of the best ideas in a Storify to encourage others to save energy and money at home. For this month's #tipsEnergy, we want to know how you plan to save energy during the summer. Storified by Energy Department · Wed, Jun 19 2013 13:01:06 Across most of the U.S., the start of summer brings sultry weather and the need to use air conditioning. But just because temperatures are soaring, doesn't mean your energy bills have to reach record highs. Whether you're enjoying the summer weather outside or from the comfort of your

412

Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money This Summer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money This Summer Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money This Summer Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money This Summer June 18, 2012 - 2:14pm Addthis John Chu John Chu Communications Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy June 20th marks the first day of summer, and for many of us that means trips to the beach, outdoor concerts, and cool drinks. Summer is also a great season to save energy and money in your home. Here are some tips to get you started: Lighting makes up about 10% of home electricity costs. You can save up to 80% of that energy by simply replacing your traditional incandescents with compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and light emitting diodes (LEDs). They will also last you for years after the summer is gone, saving money on replacements.

413

10Tips to Spend Less on Household Goods Spend about $20 on a battery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10Tips to Spend Less on Household Goods Spend about $20 on a battery recharger. Over time, replace your used batteries with the kind you can use over and over again. 6 You can reuse plastic bags you get

Tullos, Desiree

414

Effects of rotor tip clearance on an embedded compressor stage performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compressor efficiency variation with rotor tip gap is assessed using numerical simulations on an embedded stage representative of that in a large industrial gas turbine with Reynolds number being approximately 2 x 106 to ...

Sakulkaew, Sitanun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

No- and Low-Cost Energy-Saving Tips for Multifamily Housing Common...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

No- and Low-Cost Energy-Saving Tips for Multifamily Housing Common Areas Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing...

416

Energy Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory For years, many of you have found energy-saving tips about how to save money and energy at home, in your vehicle, and at...

417

#tipsEnergy: How to Save Energy During the Holidays | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How to Save Energy During the Holidays Once a month, we ask you to share your energy-saving tips so the larger energy community can learn from you, and we feature some...

418

Interpretation of warm prestress-induced fracture toughness based on crack-tip constraint  

SciTech Connect

This study explores the possibility of using J-Q-related crack-tip constraint concepts to provide a basis for both the interpretation of warm prestress (WPS)-induced fracture toughness and their transferability to structural applications. A finite-element boundary-layer formulation based on small-scale yielding (SSY), remote mode I K-dominant assumptions is adopted. Effects of WPS-induced crack-tip constraint are quantified in terms of deviation in either the opening-mode or the mean stress component of the WPS crack-tip fields relative to the reference K-dominant SSY state associated with monotonic-loading conditions. Over the range of WPS load-paths considered the WPS-induced crack-tip constraint closely resembles a spatially varying hydrostatic stress field. Interpretation and transferability of WPS fracture toughness under SSY conditions are specified in terms of the unload and reload ratio.

Shum, D.K.M.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

The Development and Verification of TIPS: An Expert System to Forecast Thunderstorm Occurrence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A rule-based expert system has been developed to assist military weather forecasters in the prediction of thunderstorms. The knowledge base used by the Thunderstorm Intelligence Prediction System (TIPS) was built by using meteorological ...

Robert R. Lee; Jeffrey E. Passner

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Notes & Tips Utilities for quantifying separation in PCA/PLS-DA scores plots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Notes & Tips Utilities for quantifying separation in PCA/PLS-DA scores plots Bradley Worley, Steven bootstrapping and multivariate Hotelling's T2 hypothesis testing to generate eas- ily interpretable dendrograms

Powers, Robert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Understanding and Forecasting Tropical Cyclone Intensity Change with the Typhoon Intensity Prediction Scheme (TIPS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multiple regression scheme with tropical cyclone intensity change as the dependent variable has been developed. The new scheme is titled the Typhoon Intensity Prediction Scheme (TIPS) and is similar to one used operationally at the National ...

Patrick J. Fitzpatrick

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Modification and Tests of Particle Probe Tips to Mitigate Effects of Ice Shattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice particle shattering may significantly contaminate measurements taken by airborne particle probes in ice clouds. Environment Canada and the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) undertook efforts to modify and test probe tips in order to mitigate ...

Alexei Korolev; Edward Emery; Kirk Creelman

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Blade tip clearance effect on the performance and flow field of a three stage axial turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of a 1.5 % blade tip clearance on a rotating three stage turbine under different operating points was investigated using radially and circumferentially traversed five hole pressure probes. The probes were used to obtain flow field total and static pressures, absolute and relative velocities and angles, as well as calculate the blade span distribution of total pressure loss coefficient. Total temperature thermocouple probes were traversed radially and circumferentially to obtain temperature profiles under running conditions. Results showed high discrepancies especially in the blade tip region which is due to high circulation flows occurring at the tip that produce an out of probe calibration range type flow. Engine efficiency and massflow rate was also measured using a venturi flow meter in order to discern the effect the blade tip clearance has on the engine efficiency and performance. Results have shown that the blade tip clearance losses appear to play a smaller role when compared to other losses such as exit losses. This was because the engine efficiency was slightly affected when run using a blade tip clearance.

Abdel-Fattah, Sharef Aly

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump March 15, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL No doubt you've heard-or noticed yourself-that gas prices are rising again. It's always painful to fill up when you know the total will be more than it would have been yesterday. I can't do a lot about the total when you fill your tank, but I do have a few tips to help you fill up a little less often and save a bit of fuel and money. It's been awhile since we pointed you to FuelEconomy.gov, but this site is the best place to start if you're looking for info on efficient driving and vehicles. To get you started, remember these tips: Drive the speed limit. For every 5 miles per hour (mph) you drive

425

Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump March 15, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL No doubt you've heard-or noticed yourself-that gas prices are rising again. It's always painful to fill up when you know the total will be more than it would have been yesterday. I can't do a lot about the total when you fill your tank, but I do have a few tips to help you fill up a little less often and save a bit of fuel and money. It's been awhile since we pointed you to FuelEconomy.gov, but this site is the best place to start if you're looking for info on efficient driving and vehicles. To get you started, remember these tips: Drive the speed limit. For every 5 miles per hour (mph) you drive

426

Arbitrary tip orientation in STM simulations: 3D WKB theory and application to W(110)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend the orbital-dependent electron tunneling model implemented within the three-dimensional (3D) Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) atom-superposition approach for simulating scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) by including arbitrary tip orientations. The orientation of the tip is characterized by a local coordinate system centered on the tip apex atom obtained by a rotation with respect to the sample coordinate system. The rotation is described by the Euler angles. Applying our method, we highlight the role of the real-space shape of the electron orbitals involved in the tunneling, and analyze the convergence and the orbital contributions of the tunneling current above the W(110) surface depending on the orientation of a model tungsten tip. We also simulate STM images at constant-current condition, and find that their quality depends very much on the tip orientation. Some orientations result in protrusions on the images that do not occur above W atoms. The presence of such apparent atom positions makes it...

Mándi, Gábor; Palotás, Krisztián

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Fabrication of Ordered Array of Tips-pentacene Micro- and Nano-scale Single Crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As an important type of organic semiconductors, organic small molecule crystals have great potential for low-cost applications such as plastic solar cells (PSC), organic light emitting diodes (OLED) and organic field-effect transistors (OFET). Among numerous molecular crystals, 6, 13-Bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene (Tips-pentacene) has aroused much attention because it combines good solubility in common solvents and strong ?-? stacking from self-assembly. However, the inability to achieve ordered array of Tips-pentacene prevents the fabrication of high-performance organic integrated circuits. In this work, two new fabrication methods to pattern Tips-pentacene micro- and nano-scale single crystals are proposed. Both methods are facilitated by nanofabrication techniques such as nanoimprint and photolithography. In the first method, the surface of a silicon substrate is treated by surfactant coating and Tips-pentacene single crystals are deposited in squared patterns. In the second method, we made an ordered array of Tips-pentacene single crystals confined in Teflon-AF patterns. In both techniques, the effects of solvent type, processing temperature and template pattern size on crystal morphology and size are systematically studied.

Xia, Ning

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Rain-Induced Increase in Background Radiation Detected by Radiation Portal Monitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A complete understanding of both the steady state and transient background measured by Radiation Portal Monitors (RPMs) is essential to predictable system performance, as well as maximization of detection sensitivity. To facilitate this understanding, a test bed for the study of natural background in RPMs has been established at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This work was performed in support of the Second Line of Defense Program's mission to detect the illicit movement of nuclear material. In the present work, transient increases in gamma ray counting rates in RPMs due to rain are investigated. The increase in background activity associated with rain, which has been well documented in the field of environmental radioactivity, originates from the atmospheric deposition of two radioactive daughters of radon-222, namely lead-214 and bismuth-214 (henceforth {sup 222}Rn, {sup 214}Pb and {sup 214}Bi). In this study, rainfall rates recorded by a co-located weather station are compared with RPM count rates and High Purity Germanium spectra. The data verifies these radionuclides are responsible for the dominant transient natural background fluctuations in RPMs. Effects on system performance and potential mitigation strategies are discussed.

Hausladen, Paul [ORNL; Blessinger, Christopher S [ORNL; Guzzardo, Tyler [ORNL; Livesay, Jake [ORNL

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Core hole drilling and the ''rain current'' phenomenon at Newberry Volcano, Oregon  

SciTech Connect

Two core holes have been completed on the flanks of Newberry Volcano, Oregon. Core hole Geo N-1 has a heat flow of 180 mW m/sup -2/, reflecting subsurface temperatures, sufficient for commerical exploitation of geothermally generated electricity. GEO N-3, which has a heat flow of 86 mW m/sup -2/, is less encouraging. We emphasize the ''rain curtain'' effect with the hope that a detailed discussion of this phenomenon at two distinct localities will lead to a better understanding of the physical processes in operation. Cole hole GEO N-1 was cored to a depth of 1387 m at a site located 9.3 km south of the center of the volcano. Core hole GEO N-3 was cored to a depth of 1220 m at a site located 12.6 km north of the center of the volcano. Both core holes penetrated interbedded pyroclastic lava flows and lithic tuffs ranging in composition from basalt to rhyolite, basaltic andesite being the most common rock type. Potassium-argon age dates range up to 2 Ma. Caving and sloughing were encountered in both core holes at depths near the regional water table. Both core holes penetrate three distinct thermal regimes. The uppermost regime is isothemal at mean air temperature down to about 900-1000 m (the rain curtain).

Swanberg, C.A.; Walkey, W.C.; Combs, J.

1988-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

430

Using biodiversity methods to assess the impacts of oil and gas development in tropical rain forests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oil and gas development in tropical rain forests has attracted international attention because of the potentially adverse effects on the forest ecosystems. Biodiversity is a topic of particular concern, but is difficult to assess for small areas of disturbance. In July 1992 we used light traps to compare insect diversity at canopy and ground level as a means of detecting the impacts of an exploratory well site and related facilities within mature Amazonian rain forest in the Oriente Province of Ecuador. Replicate samples were collected at the well site, in a nearby area of agricultural development, and in a reference site within mature forest. Species richness was determined, and diversity indices were calculated for each set of samples. Results indicated that changes in diversity could be detected in the canopy and at ground level at the well site, but that the reduction in diversity was small. Biological diversity was substantially reduced in the area of agricultural development. Limitations and possible applications of this approach are discussed.

Reagan, D.P.; Silva del Poso, X. [Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Denver, CO (United States)]|[Sociedad Entomologica Ecuatoriana, Quito (Ecuador)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Overview of the oxidation and scavenging characteristics of April rains (OSCAR) experiment  

SciTech Connect

The OSCAR (Oxidation and Scavenging Characteristics of April Rains) field experiment was conducted in April, 1981, as part of the MAP3S/RAINE program. The OSCAR study was designed to provide detailed characterizations of the physicochemical and dynamical features of selected cyclonic storm systems as they traversed the eastern U.S. Major experiment components included sequential precipitation chemistry measurements, aircraft measurements both in cloud and in clear air in storm inflow regions, surface-level air chemistry measurements, and supporting meteorological measurements. The precipitation chemisty network consisted of an intermediate-density network with 37 sampling sites covering the region from southern Ontario to Tennessee and from Illinois to New Hampshire, and a high-density network with 47 sampling sites located in a 100 by 100 km area in northeast Indiana. A total of four storm events were studied during the experiment. The report describes the design and operational aspects for the high-density and intermediate-density components of the experiment, and the composition of the integrated OSCAR data set which has been developed. A synoptic meteorological description of the four storm events studied during OSCAR is also provided. 17 references, 13 figures, 8 tables.

Easter, R.C.; Dana, M.T.; Thorp, J.M.; Busness, K.M.; Hales, J.M.; Raynor, G.S.; Benkovitz, C.M.; Tanner, R.L.; Shannon, J.D.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

El Ahorro de Energia: Sugerencias para ahorrar energia y dinero en el hogar (Energy Savers Cool Summer Tips, Spanish Version)  

SciTech Connect

This is the Spanish version of a tri-fold brochure that provides summertime energy- and money-saving tips for homeowners.

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

El Ahorro de Energia: Sugerencias para ahorrar energia y dinero en el hogar (Energy Savers Hot Winter Tips, Spanish Version)  

SciTech Connect

This is the Spanish version of a tri-fold brochure that provides wintertime energy- and money-saving tips for homeowners.

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Watch the Watts: Tips for Buying a New Television | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Watch the Watts: Tips for Buying a New Television Watch the Watts: Tips for Buying a New Television Watch the Watts: Tips for Buying a New Television March 8, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis Jeannie Saur Senior Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Buying a new television in a complex and feature-rich market can be a daunting experience. Sure there are lots of great choices with stunning picture quality and amazing features. And with so much competition, TV prices have fallen dramatically from even a year ago. But when my 1990-era television finally died, I was overwhelmed with choices for a flat screen TV. There are plasmas, liquid crystal displays (LCDs), and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). TVs can be Internet enabled so they can stream programming. And now there are a number of choices for 3D viewing. With so many things to consider, I decided the most important

435

Do You Have Your Own Tips for Saving Fuel? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Have Your Own Tips for Saving Fuel? Have Your Own Tips for Saving Fuel? Do You Have Your Own Tips for Saving Fuel? May 11, 2012 - 1:37pm Addthis Earlier this week, Amanda shared a checklist on Fueleconomy.gov that helps you keep your car well maintained. Keeping your car well maintained is one way to make sure that it's not using more gas than it needs to. Do you have any other ideas for saving gas this summer? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy.gov? How Will You Save Fuel and Energy this 4th of July? How Did You Celebrate Valentine's Day Efficiently

436

Easy Energy Tips for Apartments or Rental Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Easy Energy Tips for Apartments or Rental Homes Easy Energy Tips for Apartments or Rental Homes Easy Energy Tips for Apartments or Rental Homes October 6, 2008 - 12:08pm Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory What does this mean for me? During winter months, try keeping your thermostat set at 68 degrees. You can save energy on hot water usage by cutting down on shower time and running the washing machine with cold water. Warm your home during the day by leaving the curtains on sun-facing windows open. Over the last few weeks we've talked about things like energy audits and energy-saving incentives, and now that we're in the midst of Energy Awareness Month we're going to be talking about ways to save energy this winter. But there's just one problem with all these super-cool resources:

437

Easy Energy Tips for Apartments or Rental Homes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Easy Energy Tips for Apartments or Rental Homes Easy Energy Tips for Apartments or Rental Homes Easy Energy Tips for Apartments or Rental Homes October 6, 2008 - 12:08pm Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory What does this mean for me? During winter months, try keeping your thermostat set at 68 degrees. You can save energy on hot water usage by cutting down on shower time and running the washing machine with cold water. Warm your home during the day by leaving the curtains on sun-facing windows open. Over the last few weeks we've talked about things like energy audits and energy-saving incentives, and now that we're in the midst of Energy Awareness Month we're going to be talking about ways to save energy this winter. But there's just one problem with all these super-cool resources:

438

3 Easy Tips to Reduce Your Standby Power Loads | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 Easy Tips to Reduce Your Standby Power Loads 3 Easy Tips to Reduce Your Standby Power Loads 3 Easy Tips to Reduce Your Standby Power Loads November 1, 2012 - 3:35pm Addthis Using a power strip to turn off electronics and appliances when they aren't in use ensures that they are truly off and not using extra electricity. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/DonNichols. Using a power strip to turn off electronics and appliances when they aren't in use ensures that they are truly off and not using extra electricity. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/DonNichols. John Chu John Chu Communications Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? Standby power costs the average U.S. household $100 per year. You can reduce your use of standby power by using power strips,

439

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips November 26, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Drive smart this holiday season and stay informed with tools such as the speed penalty calculator on fueleconomy.gov. Yesterday you learned from Becky about three tools to help you save on fuel

440

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips November 26, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Drive smart this holiday season and stay informed with tools such as the speed penalty calculator on fueleconomy.gov. Yesterday you learned from Becky about three tools to help you save on fuel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

3 Easy Tips to Reduce Your Standby Power Loads | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 Easy Tips to Reduce Your Standby Power Loads 3 Easy Tips to Reduce Your Standby Power Loads 3 Easy Tips to Reduce Your Standby Power Loads November 1, 2012 - 3:35pm Addthis Using a power strip to turn off electronics and appliances when they aren't in use ensures that they are truly off and not using extra electricity. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/DonNichols. Using a power strip to turn off electronics and appliances when they aren't in use ensures that they are truly off and not using extra electricity. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/DonNichols. John Chu John Chu Communications Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? Standby power costs the average U.S. household $100 per year. You can reduce your use of standby power by using power strips,

442

Tips: Smart Meters and a Smarter Power Grid | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: Smart Meters and a Smarter Power Grid Tips: Smart Meters and a Smarter Power Grid Tips: Smart Meters and a Smarter Power Grid July 2, 2012 - 8:13pm Addthis The Smart Grid will consist of controls, computers, automation, and new technologies and equipment -- including a smart meter at your home -- working together to respond digitally to our quickly changing electric demand. The Smart Grid will consist of controls, computers, automation, and new technologies and equipment -- including a smart meter at your home -- working together to respond digitally to our quickly changing electric demand. What are the key facts? Like the Internet, the Smart Grid will consist of controls, computers, automation, and new technologies and equipment working together to respond digitally to our quickly changing electric demand.

443

Fabrication of silicon field emission tips for vacuum microelectronics by KOH/Alcohol/Water etching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fabrication of sharp silicon tips for field emission cathodes by KOH/Alcohol/Water (KAW) solution was investigated. The KOH/Alcohol/Water solution was found to work better and easier than the Ethylene-Diamine/Pyrocathechol/Water solution in etching silicon tips. It etched the (100) silicon surface more slowly, but in a more controllable manor. The resulting tips were usually very uniform and pretty sharp in most studies. Actually, there were some systems showing non-uniform etching behavior. However, we were able to demonstrate that the uniformity could be improved by shifting the reaction from mass transfer controlled to chemical kinetics controlled. Such technique could allow us to fabricate uniform silicon cones even in a very primitive apparatus with non-uniform mass transfer. 5 refs., 7 figs.

Hui, W.C.; Hee, E.; Ciarlo, D.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Theoretical Analysis and Meteorological Interpretation of the Role of Raindrop Shape on Microwave Attenuation and Propagation Phase Shifts: Implication for the Radar Measurement of Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In rain radars can measure various powers of the drop diameter averaged over the drop size distribution. These averages can then be used to infer rain water content (W) or the rainfall rate in still air (R0). Besides being sensitive to drop sizes ...

A. R. Jameson

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The U.S. Acid rain program: Key insights from the design, operation, and assessment of a Cap-and-Trade program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors' 15 years of experience with the Acid Rain Program suggests that for regional or larger-scale air pollution problems, such as acid rain and pollution transport, a well-designed cap-and-trade program can be cost-effective, flexible, and easy to implement with clear benefits that can be sustained into the future. (author)

Napolitano, Sam; Schreifels, Jeremy; Stevens, Gabrielle; Witt, Maggie; LaCount, Melanie; Forte, Reynaldo; Smith, Kenon

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

Compose tips | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Compose tips Compose tips Lines and paragraphs are automatically recognized. The line break, paragraph and close paragraph tags are inserted automatically. If paragraphs are not recognized simply add a couple blank lines. Allowed HTML tags: This site allows HTML content. While learning all of HTML may feel intimidating, learning how to use a very small number of the most basic HTML "tags" is very easy. This table provides examples for each tag that is enabled on this site. For more information see W3C's HTML Specifications or use your favorite search engine to find other sites that explain HTML. Tag Description You Type You Get

447

Bring Your Green to Work: Tip card | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tip card Tip card Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

448

LLiST - a new star tracker camera for tip-tilt correction at IOTA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The tip-tilt correction system at the Infrared Optical Telescope Array (IOTA) has been upgraded with a new star tracker camera. The camera features a backside-illuminated CCD chip offering doubled overall quantum efficiency and a four times higher system gain compared to the previous system. Tests carried out to characterize the new system showed a higher system gain with a lower read-out noise electron level. Shorter read-out cycle times now allow to compensate tip-tilt fluctuations so that their error imposed on visibility measurements becomes comparable to, and even smaller than, that of higher-order aberrations.

P. A. Schuller; M. G. Lacasse; D. Lydon; W. H. McGonagle; E. Pedretti; R. K. Reich; F. P. Schloerb; W. A. Traub

2004-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

449

Strong-field above-threshold photoemission from sharp metal tips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present energy-resolved measurements of electron emission from sharp metal tips driven with low energy pulses from a few-cycle laser oscillator. We observe above-threshold photoemission with a photon order of up to 9. At a laser intensity of 2*10^11 W/cm^2 suppression of the lowest order peak occurs, indicating the onset of strong-field effects. We also observe peak shifting linearly with intensity with a slope of around -1.8eV / (10^12 W/cm^2). We attribute the magnitude of the laser field effects to field enhancement taking place at the tip's surface.

Markus Schenk; Michael Krüger; Peter Hommelhoff

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Buckets: Smart Objects for Digital Libraries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current discussion of digital libraries (DLs) is often dominated by the merits of the respective storage, search and retrieval functionality of archives, repositories, search engines, search interfaces and database systems. While these technologies are ...

Nelson Michael L.

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Correction of Radar Reflectivity and Differential Reflectivity for Rain Attenuation at X Band. Part I: Theoretical and Empirical Basis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this two-part paper, a correction for rain attenuation of radar reflectivity (ZH) and differential reflectivity (ZDR) at the X-band wavelength is presented. The correction algorithm that is used is based on the self-consistent method with ...

S-G. Park; V. N. Bringi; V. Chandrasekar; M. Maki; K. Iwanami

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Relation of Radar to Cloud Area-Time Integrals and Implications for Rain Measurements from Space  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we determine the relationships between satellite-based and radar-measured area-time integrals (ATI) for convective storms and show how both depend upon the climatological conditional mean rain rate Rc, and the ratio of the measured ...

David Atlas; Thomas L. Bell

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The Influence of Entrainment and Mixing on the Initial Formation of Rain in a Warm Cumulus Cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to address the problem of the production of rain in warm cumulus clouds that has been observed to occur within about 20 min. A hybrid model approach is used where a microphysical parcel model is run along ...

William A. Cooper; Sonia G. Lasher-Trapp; Alan M. Blyth

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Tests of Rain Profiling Algorithms for a Spaceborne Radar Using Raincell Models and Real Data Precipitation Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper compares the performances of several algorithms for profiling the rain rate from a spaceborne radar. Three techniques are considered: single frequency (or SF) at 13.8, or 24 GHz; dual frequency (or DF) at 13.8 and 24 GHz; and dual beam ...

Jacques Testud; Paul Amayenc; Xiankang Dou; Taoufix Tani

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

The Use of Partial Cloudiness in a Warm-Rain Parameterization: A Subgrid-Scale Precipitation Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is proposed on how to handle the effects of partial cloudiness in a warm-rain microphysical scheme and how to generate subgrid-scale precipitation. The method is simple and concerns essentially two ideas: the use of the vertical ...

Peter Bechtold; Jean Pierre Pinty; Patrick Mascart

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Rain versus Snow in the Sierra Nevada, California: Comparing Doppler Profiling Radar and Surface Observations of Melting Level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The maritime mountain ranges of western North America span a wide range of elevations and are extremely sensitive to flooding from warm winter storms, primarily because rain falls at higher elevations and over a much greater fraction of a basin’s ...

Jessica D. Lundquist; Paul J. Neiman; Brooks Martner; Allen B. White; Daniel J. Gottas; F. Martin Ralph

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

CAMS–OPI: A Global Satellite–Rain Gauge Merged Product for Real-Time Precipitation Monitoring Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method has been developed to produce real-time rain gauge–satellite merged analyses of global monthly precipitation. A dataset of these analyses spans the period from January 1979 to the present, which is sufficiently long to allow the ...

John E. Janowiak; Pingping Xie

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

PITTCat+ Search Tips pittcatplus.pitt.edu To begin a search,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PITTCat+ Search Tips pittcatplus.pitt.edu Searching Searching Basics To begin a search, type one or more words in the search box and press ENTER or click the GO button. Capitalization Pittcat+ searches are not case-specific. Searching for e. e. cummings and searching for E. E. Cummings will provide the same

Sibille, Etienne

459

Tropical Moored Buoy Implementation Panel (TIP) Report M. J. McPhaden, NOAA/PMEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hole technical report in December 2002. Barometric pressure and downwelling long wave radiation fromTropical Moored Buoy Implementation Panel (TIP) Report M. J. McPhaden, NOAA/PMEL Prepared. This year, field testing of sonic anemometers has begun in the hopes of reducing wind data loss from

460

Principles of superposition for controlling pinch motions by means of robot fingers with soft tips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the dynamics and control of pinch motions generated by a pair of two multi-degrees-of-freedom robot fingers with soft and deformable tips pinching a rigid object. It is shown firstly that passivity analysis leads to an effective design ... Keywords: Pinch motion, Robot finger, Soft finger, Stable grasping, Superposition principle

S. Arimoto; K. Tahara; M. Yamaguchi; P. T. A. Nguyen; M.-Y. Han

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Employee Assistance Report Lifestyle Tips Insert June 2010 By Tim Lencki  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lifestyle Tips Insert June 2010 CLIP-N-SAVE! www.foodfit.com Healthy Recipe: Honey Mustard Chicken Breasts · 1 chicken breast (4 to 6 ounces) NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION: · Calories per serving: 233 · Protein: 33 g. · Carbohydrates: 2 g. · Sodium: 409 mg. · Fat: 9 g. · Saturated fat: 1 g. · Fiber: 0 g. Serving

Oliver, Douglas L.

462

This book will inspire you with practical tips on how to purchase and prepare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This book will inspire you with practical tips on how to purchase and prepare delicious food, fats, carbohydrates, fiber, sodium, potassium, and calcium All proceeds from the sale of this book go.00* each .________ ____ copies of "Food For Thought" @ $18.00* each .________ (for orders of 5 to 10 books

Abagyan, Ruben

463

Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.0855_Raines Draft Rev 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management Update Management Update Project Management Update Bob Raines Director, Project Management Systems and Assessments * Everybody's Favorite Subject Cost Estimating * Cost Estimating * EVMS * Metrics * Take Aways Agenda 2 Agenda * Ahead of Schedule On Budget - S-2's Stretch Goal 177 Projects $92B TPC - 177 Projects, $92B TPC * Front End Planning - User Acceptance Testing - Comprehensive Training - System Documentation - Capacity/Throughput Testing Capacity/Throughput Testing - Communications via ESC * Thank You For Your Support! * Ensure New Contracts Include PARS II Requirement PARS II Everyone's Favorite Subject 3 PARS II : Everyone s Favorite Subject * DOE is Taking Advantage of PARS II Taking Advantage of PARS II Taking Advantage of PARS II Taking Advantage of PARS II - SC is Using PARS II For an IT Project

464

Managing nontechnical risks associated with seismic operations in the tropical rain forests of Ecuador  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Companies operating in sensitive areas are being challenged to address the environmental and social issues while preserving these areas for future generations. This increased international attention on environmental and sociocultural issues has led Amoco to focus efforts on developing new ideas and strategies to facilitate environmental and cultural management. In Ecuador, the major oil producing region is the Ecuadorian portion of the Amazon Basin, referred to locally as the Oriente. Amoco Ecuador BV recently completed a seismic acquisition program in the Oriente with minimum impact to the environment and the communities within the project area. The goal of this article is to describe Amoco`s experience in managing environmental, social, and public perception issues associated with seismic operations in the rain forests of Ecuador.

Barker, G.; Smith, G.R.; Vacas, F.J. [Amoco Corp., Houston, TX (United States); Swingholm, E.K.; Yuill, R.M.; Aleman, M.A.

1997-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

465

File:Tip Speed Lesson Plan.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

File File Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » File:Tip Speed Lesson Plan.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:Tip Speed Lesson Plan.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 180 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 3 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 09:38, 3 January 2014 Thumbnail for version as of 09:38, 3 January 2014 1,275 × 1,650, 3 pages (180 KB) Foteri (Talk | contribs) Category:Wind for Schools Portal CurriculaCategory:Wind for Schools High School Curricula You cannot overwrite this file.

466

Energy-saving tips for everyone | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy-saving tips for everyone Energy-saving tips for everyone Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section How can we help you? Build an energy program Improve building and plant performance Earn the ENERGY STAR and other recognition Benchmark energy use ENERGY STAR in action Communicate and educate ENERGY STAR communications toolkit Bring Your Green to Work with ENERGY STAR

467

Tip for working with approvals on OpenEI | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tip for working with approvals on OpenEI Tip for working with approvals on OpenEI Home > Groups > Utility Rate Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 11 June, 2013 - 09:33 EZFeed Utility Rates The "ApprovedRevs" extension is the feature on OpenEI that allows crowd-sourced data to be quality-controlled (approved) in a formal fashion. The incentive & policy (including EZFeed data) and utility rate sections use this feature. Using specially formatted Ask queries, we can create RSS feeds of the latest updated data in any particular category on OpenEI. Here is an example of the EZFeed data update feed. But what if you want to know more about entries that are not yet approved? Check out this page to see pages whose approved revision is not their latest. While it is not filterable

468

File:15-TX-a- Fact Sheet - Tips for a Speedy Administrative Review.pdf |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search File Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » File:15-TX-a- Fact Sheet - Tips for a Speedy Administrative Review.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:15-TX-a- Fact Sheet - Tips for a Speedy Administrative Review.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 16 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:17, 12 June 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 14:17, 12 June 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (16 KB) Apalazzo (Talk | contribs)

469

Tips: Smart Meters and a Smarter Power Grid | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Tips: Smart Meters and a Smarter Power Grid Tips: Smart Meters and a Smarter Power Grid July 2, 2012 - 8:13pm Addthis The Smart Grid will consist of controls, computers, automation, and new technologies and equipment -- including a smart meter at your home -- working together to respond digitally to our quickly changing electric demand. The Smart Grid will consist of controls, computers, automation, and new technologies and equipment -- including a smart meter at your home -- working together to respond digitally to our quickly changing electric demand. What are the key facts? Like the Internet, the Smart Grid will consist of controls, computers, automation, and new technologies and equipment working together to respond digitally to our quickly changing electric demand.

470

Characterization of field emission from carbon nanofibers on a metal tip  

SciTech Connect

Field electron emission from carbon nanofibers (CNFs) grown on a tungsten tip has been characterized by measuring emission current-voltage (I-V) curves and observing emission patterns on a phosphor screen. CNFs were vertically grown on the tip by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Field emission from the CNFs over 100 {mu}A was strongly dependent on emitter-anode distance, and the dominant field electrons were emitted within an angular spread of {delta}{theta}{approx}25 deg., indicating the electron emission took place mainly from the emitter's apex area. By analyzing the I-V curves with the aid of the Fowler-Nordheim theory, the maximum current density was estimated to be about J=2x10{sup 9} A/m{sup 2}.

Sakai, Y.; Tone, D.; Nagatsu, S.; Endo, T.; Kita, S.; Okuyama, F. [Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8555 (Japan)

2009-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

471

Relationships between Rain Characteristics and Environment. Part I: TRMM Precipitation Features and the Large-Scale Environment over the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differences in the characteristics of rain systems in the eastern Pacific (EP) intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) and the western Pacific (WP) warm pool are quantitatively examined in relation to the large-scale environment. This study mainly ...

Chie Yokoyama; Yukari N. Takayabu

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Distant Effects of a Recurving Tropical Cyclone on Rainfall in a Midlatitude Convective System: A High-Impact Predecessor Rain Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research has identified predecessor rain events (PREs), which are mesoscale regions of heavy rainfall that occur 1000 km poleward and downshear of recurving tropical cyclones (TCs). PREs typically occur 24–36 h prior to the arrival of the ...

Russ S. Schumacher; Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Lance F. Bosart

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Difficulties with Correcting Radar Rainfall Estimates Based on Rain Gauge Data: A Case Study of Severe Weather in Montana on 16–17 June 2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The principal source of information for operational flash flood monitoring and warning issuance is weather radar–based quantitative estimates of precipitation. Rain gauges are considered truth for the purposes of validating and calibrating real-...

Steven V. Vasiloff; Kenneth W. Howard; Jian Zhang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

The Challenge of Forecasting Heavy Rain and Flooding throughout the Eastern Region of the National Weather Service. Part I: Characteristics and Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy rain and flooding are of particular concern to forecasters throughout the eastern and southeastern United States. In this paper, the unique combination of synoptic-scale and mesoscale weather conditions and topographic factors that ...

Kenneth D. Lapenta; Barbara J. McNaught; Steven J. Capriola; Louis A. Giordano; Charles D. Little; Stephen D. Hrebenach; Gary M. Carter; Mario D. Valverde; Derek S. Frey

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Satellite Data Assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction Models. Part II: Uses of Rain-Affected Radiances from Microwave Observations for Hurricane Vortex Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid variational scheme (HVAR) is developed to produce the vortex analysis associated with tropical storms. This scheme allows for direct assimilation of rain-affected radiances from satellite microwave instruments. In the HVAR, the ...

Fuzhong Weng; Tong Zhu; Banghua Yan

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Synoptic-Scale Environments of Predecessor Rain Events Occurring East of the Rocky Mountains in Association with Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The synoptic-scale environments of predecessor rain events (PREs) occurring to the east of the Rocky Mountains in association with Atlantic basin tropical cyclones (TCs) are examined. PREs that occurred during 1988–2010 are subjectively classified ...

Benjamin J. Moore; Lance F. Bosart; Daniel Keyser; Michael L. Jurewicz

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

An Analysis of Errors in Drop Size Distribution Retrievals and Rain Bulk Parameters with a UHF Wind Profiling Radar and a Two-Dimensional Video Disdrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertically pointed wind profiling radars can be used to obtain measurements of the underlying drop size distribution (DSD) for a rain event by means of the Doppler velocity spectrum. Precipitation parameters such as rainfall rate, radar ...

Laura Kanofsky; Phillip Chilson

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Evaluation of a Satellite Multispectral VIS–IR Daytime Statistical Rain-Rate Classifier and Comparison with Passive Microwave Rainfall Estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A daytime surface rain-rate classifier, based on artificial neural networks (ANNs), is proposed for the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) on board the Meteosat-8 geostationary satellite. It is developed over the British Isles ...

Davide Capacci; Federico Porcù

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Global Precipitation Estimates Based on a Technique for Combining Satellite-Based Estimates, Rain Gauge Analysis, and NWP Model Precipitation Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The “satellite-gauge-model” (SGM) technique is described for combining precipitation estimates from microwave satellite data, infrared satellite data, rain gauge analyses, and numerical weather prediction models into improved estimates of global ...

George J. Huffman; Robert F. Adler; Bruno Rudolf; Udo Schneider; Peter R. Keehn

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

A Space-Filling Algorithm to Extrapolate Narrow-Swath Instantaneous TRMM Microwave Rain-Rate Estimates Using Thermal IR Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A space-filling algorithm (SFA) based on 2D spectral estimation techniques was developed to extrapolate the spatial domain of the narrow-swath near-instantaneous rain-rate estimates from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) precipitation ...

Ana P. Barros; Kun Tao

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tipping bucket rain" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The Area-Time-Integral Technique to Estimate Convective Rain Volumes over Areas Applied to Satellite Data—A Preliminary Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Early work attempting to apply GOES rapid scan satellite data to a recently developed simple radar technique used to estimate convective rain volumes over areas in a semiarid environment (the northern Great Plains) is described.

AndréA. Doneaud; James R. Miller Jr.; L. Ronald Johnson; Thomas H. Vonder Haar; Patrick Laybe

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

The Numerical Simulation of Clouds, Rains and Airflow over the Vosges and Black Forest Mountains: A Meso-? Model with Parameterized Microphysics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional meso-? model with parameterized microphysics is presented. The model is capable of simulating orographically forced clouds, rain, and airflow. Tests using a two-dimensional version confirm the ability of the model to replicate ...

Everett C. Nickerson; Evelyne Richard; Robert Rosset; David R. Smith

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Validation and Development of Melting Layer Models Using Constraints by Active/Passive Microwave Observations of Rain and the Wind-Roughened Ocean Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A physically based method is developed to estimate the microphysical structure of the melting layer in stratiform rain using airborne observations by a dual-frequency radar and a 10.7-GHz radiometer. The method employs a nonlinear optimal ...

Shannon T. Brown; Christopher S. Ruf

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

The Challenge of Forecasting Heavy Rain and Flooding throughout the Eastern Region of the National Weather Service. Part II: Forecast Techniques and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the years, as the recognition and understanding of the structure and climatic frequency of heavy-rain events has expanded, there has been a corresponding improvement in the available forecast guidance on both the national and local level. ...

Harold H. Opitz; Solomon G. Summer; David A. Wert; Warren R. Snyder; Richard J. Kane; Raymond H. Brady; Paul M. Stokols; Stephan C. Kuhl; Gary M. Carter

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Spatial and Microphysical Characteristics of Low-Ceiling, Temperature-Inverted Clouds in Warm Overrunning and Freezing-Rain Conditions: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-flight microphysical measurements in classical freezing-rain conditions were used to study the vertical and horizontal characteristics of the precipitation and associated low-ceiling, stratiform clouds, which are usually present as overcast in ...

Richard K. Jeck

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money in the Winter | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money in the Winter Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money in the Winter Top 10 Tips to Save Energy and Money in the Winter December 10, 2012 - 12:43pm Q&A What are some other ways that you save energy and money in the winter? Tell Us Addthis Using a programmable thermostat is one way to save energy in your home this winter. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/BanksPhotos. Using a programmable thermostat is one way to save energy in your home this winter. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/BanksPhotos. John Chu John Chu Communications Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? There are plenty of ways to save energy and money this winter. Winter. For many of us, the season means holiday shopping, hot chocolate, and time spent with friends and family. For those of us who love saving

487

Dynamics of coronal rain and descending plasma blobs in solar prominences: I. Fully ionised case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations of active regions and limb prominences often show cold, dense blobs descending with an acceleration smaller than that of free fall. The dynamics of these condensations falling in the solar corona is investigated in this paper using a simple fully ionised plasma model. We find that the presence of a heavy condensation gives rise to a dynamical rearrangement of the coronal pressure that results in the formation of a large pressure gradient that opposes gravity. Eventually this pressure gradient becomes so large that the blob acceleration vanishes or even points upwards. Then, the blob descent is characterised by an initial acceleration phase followed by an essentially constant velocity phase. These two stages can be identified in published time-distance diagrams of coronal rain events. Both the duration of the first stage and the velocity attained by the blob increase for larger values of the ratio of blob to coronal density, for larger blob mass, and for smaller coronal temperature. Dense blobs ar...

Oliver, R; Terradas, J; Zaqarashvili, T V; Khodachenko, M L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Current and Future Carbon Budgets of Tropical Rain Forest: A Cross Scale Analysis. Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to make a first assessment of the major carbon stocks and fluxes and their climatic determinants in a lowland neotropical rain forest, the La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. Our research design was based on the concurrent use of several of the best available approaches, so that data could be cross-validated. A major focus of our effort was to combine meteorological studies of whole-forest carbon exchange (eddy flux), with parallel independent measurements of key components of the forest carbon budget. The eddy flux system operated from February 1998 to February 2001. To obtain field data that could be scaled up to the landscape level, we monitored carbon stocks, net primary productivity components including tree growth and mortality, litterfall, woody debris production, root biomass, and soil respiration in a series of replicated plots stratified across the major environmental gradients of the forest. A second major focus of this project was on the stocks and changes of carbon in the soil. We used isotope studies and intensive monitoring to investigate soil organic stocks and the climate-driven variation of soil respiration down the soil profile, in a set of six 4m deep soil shafts stratified across the landscape. We measured short term tree growth, climate responses of sap flow, and phenology in a suite of ten canopy trees to develop individual models of tree growth to daytime weather variables.

Oberbauer, S. F.

2004-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

489

About TIP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... such as national laboratories and nonprofit ... innovative high-risk, high-reward research. ... businesses, institutions of higher education, national labs ...

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

490

TIP Nov  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... conflict in which communications and weaponry ... to reduce power consumption is not ... in energy conservation, telecommunications, and commerce ...

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

491

Don’t Let the HumBUG Get Achoo - Tips for a healthy winter at work and home  

SciTech Connect

Safety-related article for recurrinig column in the Tri-City Area Journal of Business. Focuses on seasonal wellness tips for employers and employees - namely, cold and flu prevention through personal hygiene.

Schlender, Michael H.

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

492

File:Table for Tip Speed Intervals of Length.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search File Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » File:Table for Tip Speed Intervals of Length.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:Table for Tip Speed Intervals of Length.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 99 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 09:37, 3 January 2014 Thumbnail for version as of 09:37, 3 January 2014 1,275 × 1,650 (99 KB) Foteri (Talk | contribs) Category:Wind for Schools Portal CurriculaCategory:Wind for Schools High School Curricula

493

Electron Backscatter Diffraction Analysis of a CZT Growth Tip from a Vertical Gradient Freeze Furnace  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electronic backscatter diffraction (EBSD) was used to characterize the growth-tip region of a 4.2-cm diameter CdZnTe (CZT) boule grown using low-pressure Bridgman method in a vertical gradient freeze furnace. The boule was sectioned and polished and a section taken along the boule longitudinal centerline with an approximate surface area of 1-cm2 was used for optical and scanning electron microscopy. A collage was assembled using EBSD/SEM images to show morphological features, e.g., twin structure, grain structure, and overall crystal growth direction. Severely twinned regions originating from the tip and side walls were observed. The overall growth orientation was close to and directions. In some regions, the (001) poles of the CZT matrix aligned with the growth direction, while twins aligned such that (111) and (112) poles aligned with the growth direction. In some other areas, (112) or (011) poles of the CZT matrix aligned with the growth direction. New relationships between the CZT matrix and large Te polycrystalline particles were revealed: {11 }CZT??{1 00}Te and {001}CZT??{0 1}Te.

Sundaram, S. K.; Henager, Charles H.; Edwards, Danny J.; Schemer-Kohrn, Alan L.; Bliss, Mary; Riley, Brian J.

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

EnergySmart Schools Tips: Retrofitting, Operating, and Maintaining Existing Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnergySmart Schools EnergySmart Schools EnergySmart Schools Tips: Retrofitting, Operating, and Maintaining Existing Buildings Quick wins and long-term facility management strategies that pay for themselves and result in energy savings Typical School Energy Use Distribution (varies by climate zone) 30% Lighting Cooling Space Heating Water Heating Other 23% 30% 10% 7% Combining preventative operations and maintenance (O&M) with strategic retrofitting of building systems improves a school's energy performance. For schools with limited resources and experience, "quick wins" in O&M and retrofitting provide a valuable starting point to energy management. As a next step, strategically prioritizing long- and short-term measures produces overall returns on investment. Please refer to the

495

A model of hyphal tip growth involving microtubule-based transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a simple model for mass transport within a fungal hypha and its subsequent growth. Inspired by the role of microtubule-transported vesicles, we embody the internal dynamics of mass inside a hypha with mutually excluding particles progressing stochastically along a growing one-dimensional lattice. The connection between long range transport of materials for growth, and the resulting extension of the hyphal tip has not previously been addressed in the modelling literature. We derive and analyse mean-field equations for the model and present a phase diagram of its steady state behaviour, which we compare to simulations. We discuss our results in the context of the filamentous fungus, Neurospora crassa.

K. E. P. Sugden; M. R. Evans; W. C. K. Poon; N. D. Read

2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

496

In 2001 Massachusetts' first modern wind turbine was installed in at Windmill Point, at the tip of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, within 100 ft of the site of a 40 kW turbine (since removed) which was installed approximately 20 yearsIn 2001 Massachusetts' first modern wind turbine was installed in at Windmill Point, at the tip Laboratory and the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources. The 660 kW turbine is close to the high school

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

497

Energy-saving tips for computers: Set computers to switch into "stand-by" mode after 15 minutes of inactivity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-saving tips for computers: Set computers to switch into "stand-by" mode after 15 minutes of inactivity. Work with your department's information technology expert to determine when computers can be turned off or put into sleep mode. Consider turning off (`shutting down') computers at night when you

498

I point my heart with the tip of my ngers -Biometry for the diagnosis congenital heart defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I point my heart with the tip of my ngers - Biometry for the diagnosis congenital heart defects Vasculaires, Hôpital de Pontchaillou, Rennes, France Abstract Congenital heart defects are characterized by abnormal positioning of some anatomical structures relative to a normal heart. Classically the classication

Recanati, Catherine

499

COMPARISON OF THE ROOT CURVATURE OF A UNIFORM CANTILEVER BEAM UNDER DYNAMIC LOADS WITH THE ROOT CURVATURE UNDER A STATIC LOAD PRODUCING THE SAME TIP DEFLECTION  

SciTech Connect

The inaccuracies introduced by using the static deflection curve as the dynamic deflection curve and measuring the response of a uniform beam in terms of tip deflection are studied. The mentioned inaccuracies are assessed on the assumption that root curvature (i.e., stress or strain) rather than tip deflection is the correct measure of the beam's response. (auth)

Barton, M.V.; McLarnan, C.W.

1954-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Insights into Stress Corrosion Cracking Mechanisms from High-Resolution Measurements of Crack-Tip Structures and Compositions  

SciTech Connect

The fundamental basis for mechanistic understanding and modeling of SCC remains in question for many systems. Specific mechanisms controlling SCC can vary with changes in alloy characteristics, applied/residual stress or environmental conditions. The local crack electrochemistry, crack-tip mechanics and material metallurgy are the main factors controlling crack growth. These localized properties are difficult or impossible to measure in active cracks. Nevertheless, it is essential to quantitatively interrogate these crack-tip conditions if mechanistic understanding is to be obtained. A major recent advance has been the ability to investigate SCC cracks and crack tips using high-resolution ATEM techniques. ATEM enables the characterization of SCC cracks including trapped tip solution chemistries, corrosion product/film compositions and structures, and elemental composition gradients and defect microstructures along the crack walls and at the crack tip. A wide variety of methods for imaging and analyses at resolutions down to the atomic level can be used to examine the crack and corrosion film characteristics. Surface films and reaction layers have been examined by cross-sectional TEM techniques, but little work had been conducted on environmentally induced internal cracks until that of Lewis and co-workers [1-3] and the current authors [4-17]. This capability combined with modern ATEM techniques has enabled exciting new insights into corrosion processes occurring at buried interfaces and is being used to identify mechanisms controlling IGSCC in boiling water reactor (BWR) and pressurized water reactor (PWR) components. The objective of this paper is to summarize certain results focused on IGSCC of Fe- base and Ni-base stainless alloys in high-temperature water environments. Representative crack-tip examples will be shown to illustrate specific aspects that are characteristic of SCC in the material/environment combinations. Differences and similarities in crack-tip structures- chemistries will be highlighted comparing Fe-base 316/304SS to Ni-base alloy 600/182 and for tests in oxidizing versus hydrogenated water environments.

Bruemmer, Stephen M.; Thomas, Larry E.

2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z