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Sample records for tipmont rural elec

  1. Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp Abbreviation: Tipmont REMC Address: 403 S Main St Place: Linden, Indiana Zip: 47955 Phone Number: 800-726-3953 Website:...

  2. Intermountain Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Elec Assn Place: Colorado Website: www.irea.coop Twitter: @IREAColorado Facebook: https:www.facebook.comIntermountainREA Outage Hotline: 1-800-332-9540 References:...

  3. Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Harrison Rural Elec Assn, Inc Place: West Virginia Phone Number: 304.624.6365 Website: www.harrisonrea.com...

  4. Brown County Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Elec Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brown County Rural Elec Assn Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 1-800-658-2368 Website: www.browncountyrea.coop Outage Hotline:...

  5. Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cavalier Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place: North Dakota Phone Number: 701-256-5511 Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  6. Morgan County Rural Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Morgan County Rural Elec Assn Place: Colorado Website: www.mcrea.org Twitter: @MorganCountyREA Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesMorgan-County-Rural-Ele...

  7. Buckeye Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Buckeye Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place: Ohio Website: www.buckeyerec.commain Facebook: https:www.facebook.combuckeyerec Outage Hotline: 1-800-282-7204 References: EIA Form EIA-861...

  8. Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Raft River Rural Elec Coop Inc Place: Idaho Service Territory: Idaho, Utah, Nevada Phone Number: 208-645-2211 Website: rrelectric.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  9. Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Steuben Rural Elec Coop, Inc Place: New York Phone Number: 607-776-4161 or 800-843-3414 or 716-296-5651 or 800-883-8236 Website: www.steubenrec.coop Outage Hotline: 1-866-430-4293...

  10. Grundy County Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Coop Place: Iowa Phone Number: 319-824-5251 Website: www.grundycountyrecia.com Outage Hotline: 1-800-390-7605 Outage Map: www.iowarec.orgoutages References: EIA Form...

  11. Heartland Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Coop, Inc Place: Kansas Phone Number: (800) 835-9586 Website: www.heartland-rec.com Twitter: @HeartlandREC Facebook: https:www.facebook.comHeartlandREC Outage Hotline:...

  12. Withlacoochee River Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Withlacoochee River Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Withlacoochee River Elec Coop Place: Florida Phone Number: 352-567-5133 Website: www.wrec.net Twitter: https:...

  13. Choctawhatche Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Choctawhatche Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Choctawhatche Elec Coop, Inc Place: Florida Phone Number: (850) 892-2111 Website: www.chelco.com Twitter: https:...

  14. Washington Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Elec Member Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Washington Elec Member Corp Place: Georgia Phone Number: 478-552-2577; 1-800-552-2577 Website: washingtonemc.com...

  15. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Delaware) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Delaware) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Delaware References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  16. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Connecticut) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Connecticut) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Connecticut Phone Number: 212-997-8500...

  17. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: District of Columbia References:...

  18. Public Service Elec & Gas Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec & Gas Co (Redirected from PSEG) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Public Service Elec & Gas Co Abbreviation: PSEG Place: New Jersey Year Founded: 1903 Phone Number:...

  19. Mountrail-Williams Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mountrail-Williams Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mountrail-Williams Elec Coop Place: North Dakota Phone Number: Williston Office- 701-577-3765 -- Stanley Office-...

  20. Northern Virginia Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NOVEC) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Northern Virginia Elec Coop Place: Manassas, Virginia References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 SGIC2 EIA Form...

  1. Northern Virginia Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Northern Virginia Elec Coop Place: Manassas, Virginia References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 SGIC2 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 13640 Utility Location...

  2. Upson Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Upson Elec Member Corp Place: Georgia Website: www.upsonemc.comUpson%20EMC%2 Facebook: https:www.facebook.comupson.emc Outage Hotline: 706-647-5475 References: EIA...

  3. Barrow Utils & Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Utils & Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Barrow Utils & Elec Coop, Inc Place: Alaska Phone Number: 907-852-6166 Website: www.bueci.org Outage Hotline: After Hours:...

  4. Wayne-White Counties Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wayne-White Counties Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wayne-White Counties Elec Coop Place: Illinois Phone Number: (618) 842-2196 Website: waynewhitecoop.com Facebook:...

  5. HHH FEC Cooperation Mach Elec Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    HHH FEC Cooperation Mach Elec Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: HHH-FEC Cooperation Mach.&Elec. Co., Ltd Place: Weihai, Shanghai Municipality, China Zip: 264209 Sector:...

  6. Harrison County Rrl Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Harrison County Rrl Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Harrison County Rrl Elec Coop Place: Iowa Phone Number: 712-647-2727 Website: www.hcrec.coop Outage Hotline:...

  7. Panola-Harrison Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Panola-Harrison Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Panola-Harrison Elec Coop, Inc Place: Texas Phone Number: (903) 935-7936 Website: www.phec.us Facebook: https:...

  8. Deep East Texas Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Deep East Texas Elec Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Deep East Texas Elec Coop Inc Place: Texas Phone Number: 1-800-392-5986 Website: www.deepeast.com Facebook: https:...

  9. Rich Mountain Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rich Mountain Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rich Mountain Elec Coop, Inc Place: Arkansas Phone Number: 1-877-828-4074 Website: www.rmec.com Outage Hotline:...

  10. Central Hudson Gas & Elec Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gas & Elec Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Hudson Gas & Elec Corp Place: New York Phone Number: 845-452-2700 or 1-800-527-2714 Website: www.centralhudson.com...

  11. Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp Place: Alabama Phone Number: (256) 552-2300 Website: www.jwemc.org Twitter: @jwemc...

  12. East End Mutual Elec Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    End Mutual Elec Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: East End Mutual Elec Co Ltd Place: Idaho Phone Number: (208) 436-9357 Website: www.electricunion.orgcompany- Outage...

  13. Virginia Mun Elec Assn No 1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Assn No 1 Jump to: navigation, search Name: Virginia Mun Elec Assn No 1 Place: Virginia Website: www.mepav.org References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  14. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maine) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maine) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Maine Phone Number: 1-800-437-7645 Website:...

  15. South River Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    River Elec Member Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: South River Elec Member Corp Place: North Carolina Phone Number: (910) 892-8071 Website: www.sremc.com Twitter: https:...

  16. Red River Valley Rrl Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name: Red River Valley Rrl Elec Assn Place: Oklahoma Phone Number: 1-800-749-3364 or 580-564-1800 Website: www.rrvrea.com Twitter:...

  17. Clearwater-Polk Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Clearwater-Polk Elec Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clearwater-Polk Elec Coop Inc Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 218-694-6241 Website: www.clearwater-polk.com Outage...

  18. Big Horn County Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Big Horn County Elec Coop, Inc Place: Montana Phone Number: (406) 665-2830 Website: www.bhcec.com Outage Hotline: (406)...

  19. Public Service Elec & Gas Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec & Gas Co Jump to: navigation, search Name: Public Service Elec & Gas Co Abbreviation: PSEG Place: New Jersey Year Founded: 1903 Phone Number: 1-800-436-7734 Website:...

  20. Mora-San Miguel Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mora-San Miguel Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mora-San Miguel Elec Coop, Inc Place: New Mexico Phone Number: 575-387-2205 (Mora) -- 505-757-6490 (Pecos) Website:...

  1. Copper Valley Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Elec Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Copper Valley Elec Assn, Inc Place: Alaska Phone Number: Copper Basin: 907-822-3211 or Valdez: 907-835-4301 Website:...

  2. New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co Jump to: navigation, search Name: New England Hydro-Tran Elec Co Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: 860 729 9767 Website: www.nehydropower.com...

  3. Sioux Valley SW Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SW Elec Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sioux Valley SW Elec Coop Place: Colman, South Dakota References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 SGIC2 EIA...

  4. Nelson Lagoon Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lagoon Elec Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nelson Lagoon Elec Coop Inc Place: Alaska Phone Number: (907) 989-2204 Website: www.swamc.orghtmlsouthwest-a Outage...

  5. Denton County Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Elec Coop, Inc Place: Texas Service Territory: Texas Website: www.coserv.com Outage Hotline: (800) 274-4014 Outage Map: outagemap.coserv.comexternal References: EIA...

  6. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Pennsylvania) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pennsylvania) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Pennsylvania References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

  7. Paulding-Putman Elec Coop, Inc (Indiana) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Paulding-Putman Elec Coop, Inc Address: 401 McDonald Pike Place: Paulding, Ohio Zip: 45879-9270 Service Territory: Indiana, Ohio Phone Number:...

  8. Panola-Harrison Elec Coop, Inc (Louisiana) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Louisiana) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Panola-Harrison Elec Coop, Inc Place: Louisiana Phone Number: (318) 933-5096 Outage Hotline: (318) 933-5096 References: EIA Form...

  9. Rich Mountain Elec Coop, Inc (Oklahoma) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc (Oklahoma) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rich Mountain Elec Coop, Inc Place: Oklahoma Phone Number: 1-877-828-4074 Website: www.rmec.com Outage Hotline: 1-877-828-4074...

  10. North Georgia Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: North Georgia Elec Member Corp Place: Georgia Phone Number: Dalton: (706) 259-9441; Fort Oglethorpe: (706) 866-2231; Calhoun: (706) 629-3160; Trion:...

  11. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maryland) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Maryland) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Maryland References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 EIA Form...

  12. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Massachusetts) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Massachusetts Phone Number: 212-997-8500 Website: www.hess.com Twitter: @HessCorporation Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  13. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Rhode Island) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rhode Island) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: Rhode Island References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

  14. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (New Hampshire) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: New Hampshire Phone Number: 1-800-437-7645 Website: www.hess.com Twitter: @HessCorporation Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  15. Oliver-Mercer Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oliver-Mercer Elec Coop Inc Place: North Dakota References: Energy Information Administration.1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 14088 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  16. Blue Ridge Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Blue Ridge Elec Member Corp Place: North Carolina Phone Number: 1-800-448-2383 Website: www.blueridgeemc.com Twitter: @blueridgeemc Facebook: https:www.facebook.comBlueRidgeEMC...

  17. Southern Pine Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Southern Pine Elec Coop, Inc Place: Alabama Phone Number: Atmore Office: 251.368.4842; Brewton Office: 251.867.5415; Evergreen Office: 251.578.3460; Frisco...

  18. East Mississippi Elec Pwr Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: East Mississippi Elec Pwr Assn Place: Mississippi Phone Number: Meridian Office: 601-581-8600 -- Quitman Office: 601-776-6271 -- DeKalb Office: 601-743-2641 --...

  19. South Louisiana Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: South Louisiana Elec Coop Assn Place: Louisiana Phone Number: Houma Office: (985) 876-6880 or Amelia Office: (985) 631-3605 Website: www.sleca.com Facebook:...

  20. French Broad Elec Member Corp (Tennessee) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    French Broad Elec Member Corp Place: Tennessee Phone Number: (828)649-2051 or (828)688-4815 or (800)222-6190 or (828)682-6121 Website: www.frenchbroademc.com Twitter:...

  1. French Broad Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    French Broad Elec Member Corp Place: North Carolina Phone Number: (828)649-2051 or (828)688-4815 or (800)222-6190 or (828)682-6121 Website: www.frenchbroademc.com Twitter:...

  2. Central Valley Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Valley Elec Coop, Inc Place: New Mexico Phone Number: (575) 746-3571 Website: cvecoop.org Outage Hotline: (575) 746-3571...

  3. New England Elec Transm'n Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Transm'n Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: New England Elec Transm'n Corp Place: New Hampshire References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861...

  4. North Central Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Central Elec Coop, Inc Place: Ohio Website: www.ncelec.org Twitter: @NorthCentralEC Facebook: https:www.facebook.comNorthCentralElectric Outage Hotline: 419-426-3072 ...

  5. Bailey County Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elec Coop Assn Place: Texas Phone Number: (806) 272-4504 Website: www.bcecoop.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.combcecoop Outage Hotline: (806) 272-4504 References: EIA Form...

  6. Comanche County Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Comanche County Elec Coop Assn Place: Texas Website: www.ceca.coophome.aspx Facebook: https:www.facebook.comCECA.coop Outage Hotline: 1-800-915-2533 References: EIA Form...

  7. Elec District No. 5 Maricopa C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    District No. 5 Maricopa C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Elec District No. 5 Maricopa C Place: Arizona Phone Number: (480) 610-8741 Outage Hotline: (480) 610-8741 References:...

  8. Delaware County Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Delaware County Elec Coop Inc Place: New York Phone Number: (607) 746-9283 or Toll Free at (866) 436-1223 Website: www.dce.coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  9. Sam Rayburn G&T Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sam Rayburn G&T Elec Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sam Rayburn G&T Elec Coop Inc Place: Texas Phone Number: (936) 560-9532 Outage Hotline: (936) 560-9532 References:...

  10. A Resource assessment protocol for GEO-ELEC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resource assessment protocol for GEO-ELEC Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: A Resource assessment protocol for GEO-ELEC Authors...

  11. Plumas-Sierra Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PlumasSierraREC Outage Hotline: (800) 555-2207 Outage Map: www.psrec.coopservice-area.ph References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data...

  12. Fall River Rural Elec Coop Inc (Wyoming) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Website: www.fallriverelectric.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.comFallRiverREC Outage Hotline: 1.866.887.8442 (After Hours) Outage Map: outage.fallriverelectric.como...

  13. Southwest Iowa Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    888-220-4869 Website: www.swiarec.coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comswiarec?refhl Outage Hotline: (888) 220-4869 Outage Map: www.iowarec.orgoutages References: EIA...

  14. Pioneer Rural Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 15054 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  15. Upshur Rural Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 19579 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  16. Big Sandy Rural Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.bigsandyrecc.com Twitter: @bigsandycoop Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesBig-Sandy-RECC142216049157162 Outage Hotline: 888-789-7322 Outage Map:...

  17. Butler County Rural Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Iowa Phone Number: 888-267-2726 Website: www.butlerrec.coop Twitter: @ButlerCountyREC Facebook: https:www.facebook.combcrec Outage Hotline: 888-267-2726 Outage Map:...

  18. Claverack Rural Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Outage Hotline: 1-800-326-9799 or 570-265-2167 Outage Map: ebill.claverack.comomsoutage References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861...

  19. MHK Projects/Homeowner Tidal Power Elec Gen | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Homeowner Tidal Power Elec Gen < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","typ...

  20. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (New York) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place: New York References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 22509 This article is a...

  1. The RenewElec Project: Variable Renewable Energy and the Power System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apt, Jay

    2014-02-14

    Variable energy resources, such as wind power, now produce about 4% of U.S. electricity. They can play a significantly expanded role if the U.S. adopts a systems approach that considers affordability, security and reliability. Reaching a 20-30% renewable portfolio standard goal is possible, but not without changes in the management and regulation of the power system, including accurately assessing and preparing for the operational effects of renewable generation. The RenewElec project will help the nation make the transition to the use of significant amounts of electric generation from variable and intermittent sources of renewable power.

  2. Lakes_Elec_You

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Lakes, Electricity & You Why It's So Important That Lakes Are Used To Generate Electricity Why We Can Thank Our Lakes For Electricity Because lakes were made to generate electricity. Back in the mid-1940s, Congress recognized the need for better flood control and navigation. To pay for these services, Congress passed laws that started the building of federal hydroelectric dams, and sold the power from the dams under long-term contracts. Today these dams provide efficient, environmentally

  3. Integrated rural energy planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mahgary, Y.; Biswas, A.K.

    1985-01-01

    This book presents papers on integrated community energy systems in developing countries. Topics considered include an integrated rural energy system in Sri Lanka, rural energy systems in Indonesia, integrated rural food-energy systems and technology diffusion in India, bringing energy to the rural sector in the Philippines, the development of a new energy village in China, the Niaga Wolof experimental rural energy center, designing a model rural energy system for Nigeria, the Basaisa village integrated field project, a rural energy project in Tanzania, rural energy development in Columbia, and guidelines for the planning, development and operation of integrated rural energy projects.

  4. WINDExchange: Rural Communities

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Resources & Tools Rural Communities Agricultural lands in the United States are...

  5. Rural Alaska Maintenance Partnership

    Energy Savers [EERE]

     What is RAMP?  Who is involved with RAMP?  Why was RAMP needed?  What are the goals of RAMP?  What is the current status of RAMP? Alaska Rural Energy Conference April 30, 2013 "To create a self-sustaining facility operations and maintenance system that develops the capacity of rural Alaskans to operate and maintain their infrastructure in a manner that protects and enhances the health, safety and sustainability of rural communities and their residents." Paradigm Local,

  6. USDA Rural Development Energy Program

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Development Energy Programs Tedd Buelow Native American Coordinator DOE Tribal Energy Program Review November 16, 2009 USDA Rural Development 4 Types of Program Delivery - Guaranteed Loans - Direct Loans - Grants - Payments 3 Program Areas - Rural Business and Cooperative - Rural Housing and Community Facilities - Rural Utilities DOE Tribal Energy Program Review November 16, 2009 USDA Rural Development Organizational Structure National Office State Directors Area Directors Program Directors

  7. Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture DOE 2010 Geothermal Program Peer Review; Low ...

  8. Alaska Rural Small Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiatives, the Alaska Rural Small Business Conference is a three-day conference to bring together rural businesses and leaders and provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  9. Rural Development: Rural Energy for America Program

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Development Rural Energy for America (REAP) Program 1 Deadlines and ESTIMATED Funding and for Colorado in FY 2015 April 30 Deadline: * $152,000 is "set aside" for grant requests of $20,000 or less; * $503,000 is deemed "unrestricted funds" June 30 Deadline: * $503,000 is deemed "unrestricted funds" Guarantee Loan applications are accepted year round unless combined with a grant request. Then they are due at the time of the grant application. 2 Important Definitions:

  10. USDA Rural Development Energy Programs

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    USDA Rural Development Energy Programs Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Business Enterprise Grant (RBEG) Value Added Producers Grant (VAPG) Community Facilities loan and grants * Grant and loan guarantee program to assist agriculture producers and rural small businesses in purchasing renewable energy systems and making energy efficiency improvements. * Based on New Farm Bill funding will be $200 million in mandatory $ * FY 14 - $50 Million * FY 15 - $50 Million * FY 16 - $50 Million

  11. Rural Energy Conference Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis Witmer; Shannon Watson

    2008-12-31

    Alaska remains, even at the beginning of the 21st century, a place with many widely scattered, small, remote communities, well beyond the end of both the road system and the power grid. These communities have the highest energy costs of any place in the United States, despite the best efforts of the utilities that service them. This is due to the widespread dependence on diesel electric generators, which require small capital investments, but recent increases in crude oil prices have resulted in dramatic increases in the cost of power. In the enabling legislation for the Arctic Energy Office in 2001, specific inclusion was made for the study of ways of reducing the cost of electrical power in these remote communities. As part of this mandate, the University of Alaska has, in conjunction with the US Department of Energy, the Denali Commission and the Alaska Energy Authority, organized a series of rural energy conferences, held approximately every 18 months. The goal of these meeting was to bring together rural utility operators, rural community leaders, government agency representatives, equipment suppliers, and researchers from universities and national laboratories to discuss the current state of the art in rural power generation, to discuss current projects, including successes as well as near successes. Many of the conference presenters were from industry and not accustomed to writing technical papers, so the typical method of organizing a conference by requesting abstracts and publishing proceedings was not considered viable. Instead, the organizing committee solicited presentations from appropriate individuals, and requested that (if they were comfortable with computers) prepare Power point presentations that were collected and posted on the web. This has become a repository of many presentations, and may be the best single source of information about current projects in the state of Alaska.

  12. ARM - SGP Rural Driving Hazards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rural Driving Hazards SGP Related Links Virtual Tour Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site SGP Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts SGP Rural Driving Hazards The rural location of the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site facilities requires that visitors travel on unpaved, dirt

  13. Alliance for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alliance for Rural Electrification1 The Alliance for Rural Electrification is the only international business association in the world focusing on the promotion and the...

  14. Alaska Village Initiatives Rural Small Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Rural Business Conference brings together rural businesses and leaders to provide them with networking opportunities, trainings, and technical information.

  15. Whitewater Valley Rural EMC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Rural EMC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Address: P.O. Box 349 Place: Liberty, Indiana Zip: 47353 Sector: Transmission Phone Number: (765)...

  16. WINDExchange: Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Rural Communities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, & Businesses Resources & Tools Agricultural and Rural Resources and Tools This page lists...

  17. Property:EIA/861/NercMro | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    + true + Brainerd Public Utilities + true + Brodhead Water & Lighting Comm + true + Brown County Rural Elec Assn + true + Burke-Divide Electric Coop Inc + true + Butler County...

  18. Korea Rural Community Corp KRC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Korea Rural Community Corp (KRC) Place: Korea (Republic) Product: South Korea-based rural development company. References: Korea Rural Community Corp...

  19. USDA- Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Loan Guarantees

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides financial assistance to agricultural producers and rural small businesses in rural America to purchase, install, and construct renewable energ...

  20. China-NREL Rural Electrification Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Electrification Projects Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China Rural Electrification Name China Rural Electrification AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy...

  1. Illinois Municipal Elec Agency | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility...

  2. Northwestern Wisconsin Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate...

  3. Cumberland Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 Energy Information Administration Form 8262 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 4624 Utility Location Yes Ownership C...

  4. Central Wisconsin Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    https:www.facebook.compagesCentral-Wisconsin-Electric-Cooperative268841143249085?refaymthomepagepanel Outage Hotline: 800-377-2932 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  5. Northern Virginia Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 13640 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes This...

  6. Rutherford Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1-800-521-0920 or 1-800-228-9756 or 1-800-228-5331 Outage Map: www.remc.comstorm-centerouta References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 Energy...

  7. Western Massachusetts Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Green Button Access: Implemented Green Button Landing Page: www.wmeco.comResidential Green Button Reference Page: www.wmeco.comResidential References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  8. Cumberland Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Schedules Grid-background.png Average Rates Residential: 0.1060kWh Commercial: 0.1120kWh Industrial: 0.0733kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data...

  9. Alaska Village Initiatives Rural Business Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Alaska Village Initiative, the 24th Annual Rural Small Business Conference brings together rural businesses and leaders to provide them with networking opportunities, training, and technical information.

  10. Lyon Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lyon Rural Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lyon Rural Electric Coop Place: Iowa Phone Number: 712-472-2506 Website: www.lyonrec.coop Outage Hotline: 1-800-292-8989...

  11. USDA Rural Business Enterprise Grant (RBEG) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Request for Proposals for funding to support the development of small and emerging private business enterprises in rural Alaska

  12. Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture DOE 2010 Geothermal Program Peer Review; Low Temperature Demonstration Projects PDF icon low_silveria_rural_electric_coop.pdf More Documents & Publications Southwest Alaska Regional Geothermal Energy Project District Wide Geothermal Heating Conversion Blaine County School District Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low Temperature

  13. Club for Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electrification Jump to: navigation, search Name: Club for Rural Electrification Place: Freiburg, Germany Zip: 79114 Sector: Solar Product: An industry association of German...

  14. Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Private Sector AgencyCompany...

  15. Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

    2014-04-01

    Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of Chinas total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on Chinas success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

  16. Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Agricultural Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    water heater installed, additional 25 bonus if electric dryer installed Energy Star Television: 50 Summary Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association (Linn County RECA)...

  17. Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesRural-Electric-Cooperative-Inc116401145072740?refts Outage Hotline: 855-399-2683 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

  18. USDA Rural Development Washington State Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture is hosting a Washington Rural Development Workshop. Speakers will cover local and regional broadband initiatives program and broadband success stories,...

  19. Viet Nam Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Electrification Location of project Vietnam Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Space heating, Cooling Year initiated 2009 Organization Asian Development...

  20. Modular Biomass Systems Could Boost Rural Areas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Increased ethanol production will help revitalize the rural economy and decrease America's dependence on foreign oil, but there are other ways to create opportunities in the farmlands.

  1. Rural Innovations Network | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Network Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rural Innovations Network Place: India Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Charity Non-profit Association...

  2. USDA- Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Grants

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides financial assistance to agricultural producers and rural small businesses in America to purchase, install, and construct renewable energy syst...

  3. Jianghe Rural Electricity Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jianghe Rural Electricity Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jianghe Rural Electricity Development Co Ltd Place: Fuzhou, Fujian Province, China Product:...

  4. Farmers Rural Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural Electric Coop Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Farmers Rural Electric Coop Corp Place: Kentucky Website: farmersrecc.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.comFarmersRECC...

  5. 2014 HAC Rural Housing Conference: Retool, Rebuild, Renew

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The biennial HAC Rural Housing Conference brings together stakeholders in the field of rural affordable housing from local nonprofits, federal agencies, Congress, state and local governments, and...

  6. Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in Africa Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Modified Microgrid Concept for Rural Electrification in...

  7. Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Jump to: navigation, search Name Mozambique-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods AgencyCompany Organization International...

  8. Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods Jump to: navigation, search Name Tanzania-Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods AgencyCompany Organization...

  9. Climate Change: building the resilience of poor rural communities...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of poor rural communities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Change: building the resilience of poor rural communities AgencyCompany...

  10. Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American Communities Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American Communities February 4, 2016 - 12:07pm ...

  11. Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Request for Information Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation Comments of the National Rural ...

  12. Rural Electrification Act of 1936 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    901 et seq. DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Rural Electrification Act of 1936 Citation Rural Electrification Act of...

  13. Alaska Rural Manager Panelists Call for Nominations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Rural Managers are seeking nominations for city, tribal, and utility managers to participate in several Anchorage focus group/workshops this April. Selected panelists will represent their profession and will help develop guidelines for the training and education of Alaska's Rural Managers.

  14. Alaska Rural Energy Conference | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Alaska Rural Energy Conference Alaska Rural Energy Conference April 26, 2016 8:00AM AKDT to April 28, 2016 5:00PM AKDT Fairbanks, Alaska Westmark Fairbanks Hotel 813 Noble St. Fairbanks, AK 99701 The Rural Energy Conference is a three-day event offering a large variety of technical sessions covering new and ongoing energy projects in Alaska, as well as new technologies and needs for Alaska's remote communities. DOE Federal Energy Track: April 25 The energy track is an all-day event and will be

  15. Rural electric cooperatives IRP survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrick, C.

    1995-11-01

    This report summarizes the integrated resource planning (IRP) practices of US rural electric cooperatives and the IRP policies which influence these practices. It was prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its subcontractor Garrick and Associates to assist the US Department of Energy (DOE) in satisfying the reporting requirements of Title 1, Subtitle B, Section 111(e)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), which states: (e) Report--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary (of the US Department of Energy) shall transmit a report to the President and to the Congress containing--(the findings from several surveys and evaluations, including:); (3) a survey of practices and policies under which electric cooperatives prepare IRPs, submit such plans to REA, and the extent to which such integrated resource planning is reflected in rates charged to customers.

  16. Case Study - National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Nearly all of the smart grid components are expected to be on order by the end of the year. Case Study - National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Investment Grant ...

  17. USDA Rural Small Business Connection Event

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will host Rural Small Business Connections, providing small businesses with networking sessions and opportunities to build capacity and do business with USDA and other Federal agencies.

  18. Harrison County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Harrison County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Harrison County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 712-647-2727 or 800-822-5591 Website: www.hcrec.coop Outage...

  19. Dubois Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dubois Rural Electric Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dubois Rural Electric Coop Inc Place: Indiana Phone Number: 812.482.5454 Website: www.duboisrec.com Facebook:...

  20. Panhandle Rural El Member Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural El Member Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name: Panhandle Rural El Member Assn Place: Nebraska Phone Number: 308-762-1311 Website: www.prema.coop Facebook: https:...

  1. Taylor County Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Taylor County Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Taylor County Rural E C C Place: Kentucky Phone Number: 1-800-931-4551 Website: www.tcrecc.com Outage Hotline: (800)...

  2. Jackson County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jackson County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jackson County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 1.800.288.4458 Website: www.jacksonremc.com Twitter:...

  3. Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name: Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist Place: Nebraska Phone Number: (888) 242-5265 Website: www.pcrppd.com Outage...

  4. T I P Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    I P Rural Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: T I P Rural Electric Coop Abbreviation: TIPR Place: Iowa Phone Number: 641-522-9223 Website: www.tiprec.com Outage...

  5. Marshall County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Marshall County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Marshall County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (866) 936-3161 Website: www.marshallremc.com Twitter:...

  6. Lagrange County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lagrange County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lagrange County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (877)463-7165 Website: www.lagrangeremc.com Twitter:...

  7. Newton County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Newton County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Newton County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 219.474.6224 or (219) 297-3118 Website: www.newtoncountyremc.com...

  8. Hendricks County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hendricks County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hendricks County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (317) 745-5473 or (800) 876-5473 Website:...

  9. Jasper County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jasper County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jasper County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 1-888-866-7362 or 219-866-4601 Website: www.jasperremc.com...

  10. Fulton County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fulton County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Fulton County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 574-223-3156 or 1-800-286-2265 Website: www.fultoncountyremc.com...

  11. Decatur County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Decatur County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Decatur County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (812) 663-3391 or 800-844-7362 Website: www.dcremc.com Outage...

  12. Kankakee Valley Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kankakee Valley Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Kankakee Valley Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 219.733.2511 or 800.552.2622 Website: www.kvremc.com Outage...

  13. Wabash County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wabash County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Heartland Rural E M C Address: 350 Wedcor Avenue Place: Wabash, Indiana Phone Number: (260) 563-2146 Website:...

  14. Johnson County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Johnson County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Johnson County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 317.736.6174 Website: jcremc.com Facebook: https:...

  15. Jay County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jay County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jay County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 260-726-7121 or 1-800-TEL-REMC Website: www.jayremc.com Outage...

  16. Bartholomew County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bartholomew County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bartholomew County Rural E M C Address: 1697 W. Deaver Road Place: Columbus, Indiana Zip: 47201 Phone Number: (812)...

  17. Kosciusko County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kosciusko County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Kosciusko County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 574.267.6331 or 1.800.790.7362 Website: kremc.com Twitter:...

  18. Clark County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clark County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (812) 246-3316 Website: www.theremc.com Facebook: https:...

  19. Henry County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Henry County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 1-800-248-8413 Website: www.henrycountyremc.com Twitter:...

  20. Warren County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Warren County Rural E M C Address: 15 Midway St Place: Williamsport, Indiana Zip: 47993 Service Territory: Indiana Phone...

  1. Hancock County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hancock County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: (800) 248-8413 Website: www.henrycountyremc.com Twitter: @henrycountyremc...

  2. Parke County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Parke County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Parke County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 765-569-3133 or 800-537-3913 Website: www.pcremc.com Outage...

  3. Flint Hills Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural E C A, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Flint Hills Rural E C A, Inc Place: Kansas Phone Number: 620-767-5144 Website: www.flinthillsrec.com Facebook: https:...

  4. Guthrie County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Guthrie County Rural E C A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guthrie County Rural E C A Place: Iowa Phone Number: 641.747.2206 Website: www.guthrie-rec.coop Outage Hotline:...

  5. Ninnescah Rural E C A Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ninnescah Rural E C A Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ninnescah Rural E C A Inc Place: Kansas Phone Number: (620) 672-5538 Website: www.ninnescah.com Outage Hotline: (800)...

  6. Meade County Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Meade County Rural E C C Place: Kentucky Phone Number: 1.877.276.5353 or Brandenburg: 270.422.2162, Hardinsburg: 270.756.5172...

  7. Linn County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Linn County Rural E C A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Linn County Rural E C A Place: Iowa Phone Number: 319-377-1587 or 1-800-332-5420 Website: linncountyrec.com Outage...

  8. Cumberland Valley Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cumberland Valley Rural E C C Place: Kentucky Phone Number: 1-800-513-2677 Website: www.cumberlandvalley.coop Twitter:...

  9. West Kentucky Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    West Kentucky Rural E C C Jump to: navigation, search Name: West Kentucky Rural E C C Place: Kentucky Phone Number: 270-247-1321 or 1-877-495-7322 Website: www.wkrecc.com Twitter:...

  10. Woodbury County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E C A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Woodbury County Rural E C A Place: Iowa Phone Number: 712.873.3125 Website: www.woodburyrec.com Outage Hotline: 1.800.469.3125...

  11. Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Butler Rural Electric Coop Inc Place: Ohio Website: www.butlerrural.coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comButlerRuralElectricCooperative Outage Hotline: 800-255-2732 Outage Map:...

  12. Lewis County Rural E C A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County Rural E C A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Lewis County Rural E C A Place: Missouri Phone Number: 573-215-4000 Website: lewiscountyrec.org Outage Hotline: 888-454-4485...

  13. Howard Greeley Rural P P D | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rural P P D Jump to: navigation, search Name: Howard Greeley Rural P P D Place: Nebraska Phone Number: 308.754.4457 Website: www.howardgreeleyrppd.com Facebook: https:...

  14. Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    County Rural Electric Cooperative Association Website http:www.linncountyrec.comenergy-efficiencyincentivescurrent-incent... State Iowa Program Type Rebate Program Rebate...

  15. Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative In order to help create a more energy independent rural America for the next century, the USDA Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative enables applicants to several USDA housing programs to increase their program funding eligibility by incorporating green building practices into project designs, construction,

  16. Obama Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska Obama Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska August 13, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON D.C. - Four Cabinet Secretaries brought the Obama Administration's Rural Tour to rural Alaska today, with stops in Bethel and Hooper Bay, representing the largest Cabinet-level delegation to visit the state. Energy Secretary Steven Chu, Housing and Urban Development Secretary Shaun Donovan, Education Secretary Arne Duncan, and

  17. Reducing the High Energy Costs of Alaska's Rural Water Systems

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Reducing the High Energy Costs of Alaska's Rural Water Systems Gavin Dixon Senior Project Manager ANTHC Rural Energy Initiative The Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium's (ANTHC) Rural Energy Initiative works with communities to implement innovative energy efficiency and renewable energy solutions to make public sanitation affordable for the people we serve across Alaska. Our Purpose ANTHC Rural Energy Initiative We believe basic sanitation should be efficient, sustainable and affordable The

  18. Rural Communities Benefit from Wind Energy's Continued Success

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    John Stulp, Colorado Interbasin Compact Committee chairman, discusses how wind energy benefits rural communities, farms, and ranches.

  19. Rural Energy for America Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy for America Program Rural Energy for America Program The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides financial assistance to agricultural producers and rural small businesses in rural America to purchase, install, and construct renewable energy systems; to make energy efficiency improvements to non-residential buildings and facilities; to use renewable technologies that reduce energy consumption; and to participate in energy audits and renewable energy development assistance. Partner

  20. Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Request

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    for Information Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation | Department of Energy National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Request for Information Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Request for Information Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation The National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (-NRECA‖) is the

  1. Category:Elkins, WV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Elkins WV Harrison Rural Elec Assn Inc.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 59 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant...

  2. Golden Valley Elec Assn Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    36,891 1,877.823 13,175.914 6,327 8,171.591 69,159.555 448 14,556.482 111,832.096 43,666 2009-01 5,677.62 38,170.143 36,902 2,140.742 15,217.149 6,337 8,864.82 76,857.948 449...

  3. New York State Elec & Gas Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    76,528 8,823 123,751 1,276 219 2,550 4 97,366 787,691 737,183 2008-01 71,181 538,900 666,439 24,517 211,875 77,744 4,058 66,989 1,321 204 2,341 4 99,960 820,105 745,508...

  4. Navasota Valley Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Website: www.navasotavalley.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.comnavasotavalley Outage Hotline: 1-800-443-9462 Outage Map: outages.navasotavalley.com:85 References: EIA...

  5. Central Florida Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Place: Florida Phone Number: 1-800-227-1302 or 352-493-2511 Website: www.cfec.com Outage Hotline: 1-800-227-1302 or 352-493-2511 Outage Map: www.cfec.comoutage-mapsite...

  6. Mountain View Elec Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Place: Colorado Website: www.mvea.coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comMVEAInc Outage Hotline: (800) 388-9881 Outage Map: outage.mvea.org References: EIA Form EIA-861...

  7. Columbia Basin Elec Cooperative, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 4005 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Transmission Yes...

  8. Guadalupe Valley Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 7752 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location TRE NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes...

  9. Houston County Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 8898 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location TRE NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity...

  10. Southern Indiana Gas & Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 Energy Information Administration Form 8262 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 17633 Utility Location Yes Ownership I...

  11. Calhoun County Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesCalhoun-County-REC173498466069004?skwall Outage Hotline: 800-821-4879 Outage Map: www.iowarec.orgoutages References: EIA Form...

  12. Maquoketa Valley Rrl Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Iowa Phone Number: 319-462-3542 or 800-927-6068 Website: mvec.com Twitter: @mvecia Facebook: https:www.facebook.comMaquoketaValleyElectricCooperative Outage Hotline:...

  13. Wright-Hennepin Coop Elec Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3,398.952 34,434.725 40,549 1,975.209 23,239.907 4,920 388.083 5,035.346 51 5,762.244 62,709.978 45,520 2008-04 3,544.862 38,665.009 40,564 1,688.916 21,647.519 4,965 376.604...

  14. Arkansas Valley Elec Coop Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3,460 776 15,071 13 7,532 101,140 52,031 2009-01 5,376 71,871 48,524 794 11,779 3,462 709 14,853 13 6,879 98,503 51,999 2008-12 4,441 59,651 48,487 736 11,437 3,460 541 15,069...

  15. East River Elec Pwr Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesEd-the-Energy-Expert431620883566287?refts&frefts Outage Hotline: (605) 256-8057 or (605) 256-8056 or (605) 256-8059...

  16. Central Texas Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    https:www.facebook.compagesCentral-Texas-Electric-Cooperative520773011297941?reftntnmn Outage Hotline: 1-800-900-2832 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for...

  17. Four County Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.facebook.compagesFour-County-Electric-Membership-Corporation188316197857616?reftntnmn Outage Hotline: (888)368-7289 Outage Map: gis.fourcty.orgpubmap.html...

  18. Paulding-Putman Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 14599 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  19. Northeast Texas Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 13670 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying...

  20. Northern Neck Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 13762 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  1. Cookson Hills Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    861 Data Utility Id 4296 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  2. Western Farmers Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 20447 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes...

  3. Jefferson Davis Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 9682 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  4. Osage Valley Elec Coop Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Outage Hotline: 660-679-3131 or 800-889-6832 Outage Map: ebill.osagevalley.comomsouta References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861...

  5. Canadian Valley Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    anadianValleyElectric Outage Hotline: (855)875-7166 Outage Map: ebill.canadianvalley.orgomso References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data...

  6. Monroe County Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hours (618) 939-7171 or (800) 757-7433 or (866) 567-2759 Outage Map: ebill.mcec.orgomsoutageMap References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form...

  7. Roosevelt County Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3,749 3,650 146 1,178 965 1,478 13,978 1,594 2,017 18,905 6,209 2008-06 357 3,560 3,638 132 1,092 961 1,347 13,188 1,579 1,836 17,840 6,178 2008-05 292 2,856 3,639 128 1,070 964...

  8. Southern Pine Elec Power Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    87,734 60,157 3,222 30,360 4,536 5,087 63,820 24 18,195 181,914 64,717 2008-05 6,897 62,132 60,058 2,887 27,862 4,522 4,430 56,228 24 14,214 146,222 64,604 2008-04 6,581 59,423...

  9. Singing River Elec Pwr Assn (Mississippi) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    9,647.445 93,322.028 60,225 3,117.42 30,825.248 8,207 692.763 8,259.846 11 13,457.628 132,407.122 68,443 2008-06 9,059.584 86,892.462 60,106 3,046.146 30,089.083 8,193 709.428...

  10. Duck River Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    10,355 1,290 21,368 18 13,312 170,739 70,025 2008-01 8,728 110,789 59,691 2,848 31,132 10,373 1,150 18,079 18 12,726 160,000 70,082 References "EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  11. Dakota Valley Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1,101.081 16,334.085 5,106 390.564 6,162.524 588 1,168.972 25,110.935 332 2,660.617 47,607.544 6,026 2008-12 1,130.851 17,821.033 5,108 429.98 6,905.622 589 861.853 26,018.826...

  12. Verdigris Valley Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 3,334 39,732 29,287 620 6,280 4,308 487 5,668 607 4,441 51,680 34,202 2009-02 3,065 36,726 29,285 456 4,469 4,299 405 4,606 607 3,926...

  13. Southern Indiana Gas & Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    104,006.182 18,545 11,514.897 200,402.234 101 33,244.465 421,608.6 146,543 2008-02 12,607.003 129,571.861 128,066 9,445.235 104,704.602 18,561 11,374.157 198,519.29 100...

  14. Jones-Onslow Elec Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    56,736 2,076 24,111 4,679 10,879 107,097 61,415 2008-07 8,471 79,614 56,654 1,971 22,607 4,668 10,442 102,221 61,322 2008-06 6,356 61,755 56,244 1,774 20,036 4,651 8,130 81,791...

  15. RegIntlElecTrade_Eng_final.PDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    North America Regulation of International Electricity Trade prepared by North American Energy Working Group December 2002 2 The North American Energy Working Group The North American Energy Working Group (NAEW G) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The Group is led by officials from Natural Resources Canada, the Mexican Secretariat of

  16. Communication Methods: A Rural Alaskan Perspective

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Conference: Energy Track December 3, 2015 Communication Methods: A Rural Alaskan Perspective Solar Energy Anaktuvuk Pass, Alaska Humpback Creek Hydroelectric Cordova, Alaska Wind Diesel Generation Selawik, Alaska WHPacific, Inc. REGIONAL PLANNING ZONES:  North Slope  Northwest Arctic  Bering Straits  Interior (YK/Upper Tanana)  YK Delta (Lower Yukon- Kuskokwim)  Chugach Logistics Reality - USA Logistics Reality - Global Climate Zones Languages & Cultures Inuit-Yupik-Unangan

  17. Loan Guarantees Can Play a Role in Rural Opportunity Investment |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Guarantees Can Play a Role in Rural Opportunity Investment Loan Guarantees Can Play a Role in Rural Opportunity Investment July 24, 2014 - 3:52pm Addthis In September 2011, the Department of Energy issued a $1.2 billion loan guarantee to support the construction of California Valley Solar Ranch (CVSR), a 250 MWac photovoltaic (PV) solar generating facility in rural San Luis Obispo County, California. The project reached commercial operation in October 2013. In September

  18. The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations, call slides and discussion summary. PDF icon Call Slides and Discussion Summary More Documents & Publications Staged Upgrades - Homeowner-focused Strategies for Encouraging Energy Upgrades over Time Strengthening

  19. Rural Energy for America Program Loan Guarantee and Grant Program

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Topics  Introduction  Rural Energy For America Program (REAP) Loan Guarantee and Grant program  Questions California Energy Coordinator Steven Scott Nicholls 530-792-5805 Davis, CA Regional Coordinator Regional Energy Coordinator State Distribution West Region Rob Fry Brian Buch Mid-West Region Robin Templeton Lisa Noty South Region Valarie Flanders Will Dodson Rural Energy For America Program (REAP) Eligible Applicants: 1. Agricultural producers 2. Rural small businesses 3.

  20. 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference April 26, 2016 8:00AM PDT to April 28, 2016 5:00PM PDT Fairbanks, Alaska The 2016 Alaska Rural Energy Conference is a three-day event that offers a large variety of technical sessions covering new and ongoing energy projects in Alaska, as well as new technologies and needs for Alaska's remote communities. Register now.

  1. Rural Utilities Service Electric Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Utilities Service Electric Program Rural Utilities Service Electric Program The Rural Utilities Service Electric Program's loans and loan guarantees finance the construction of electric distribution, transmission, and generation facilities, including system improvements and replacement required to furnish and improve electric service in rural areas, as well as demand side management, energy conservation programs, and on-grid and off-grid renewable energy systems. Loans are made to corporations,

  2. Community-Driven Development Decision Tools for Rural Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (CDD) investment programmes as a way to further enabling rural poor people to overcome poverty in WCA." References "Community-Driven Development Decision Tools" Retrieved from...

  3. German Club for Rural Electrification CLE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electrification CLE Jump to: navigation, search Name: German Club for Rural Electrification (CLE) Place: Freiburg, Germany Zip: 79114 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: German...

  4. Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wind Farm | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Cooperative Energy Purchaser Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Location Pike County IL Coordinates 39.6189, -90.9627 Show Map Loading map......

  5. Carbon Cycling, Environmental & Rural Economic Impacts from Collecting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Review March 24, 2015 Technology Area Review Steve Kelley, NCSU Rick Gustafson, U of WA Elaine Oneil, CORRIM Carbon Cycling, Environmental & Rural Economic Impacts from Collecting ...

  6. Promotion of Rural Renewable Energy in Western China | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy in Western China Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100026 Sector: Bioenergy Product: A programme launched by China Association of Rural Energy Industry (CAREI)...

  7. Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under Way |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under Way Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under Way June 2, 2015 - 1:49pm Addthis The Shugnak power plant is one of nearly 30 rural utilities the RUS team is visiting in 2015. Photo from Alaska Center for Energy and Power, NREL 33697. The Shugnak power plant is one of nearly 30 rural utilities the RUS team is visiting in 2015. Photo from Alaska Center for Energy and Power, NREL 33697. Among

  8. Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and operations. Housing programs included in this initiative include: Section 515 Rural Rental Housing Program for New Construction Section 514 Farm Labor Housing Loans...

  9. Best Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what renewable energy can achieve in developing countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Best Practices of...

  10. Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Grayson Rural Electric Cooperative provides rebates to its customers for increasing their energy efficiency. Members who make improvements based on recommendations by the utility's energy advisor...

  11. Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri Rural Electric Cooperative (MREC) offers a number of rebates to residential customers for the purchase and installation of energy efficient equipment. Eligible equipment includes room air...

  12. USDA Rural Development: Sustaining Relationships in Indian Country

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    "RBEG" Purpose: To finance & facilitate development of small & emerging private business enterprises. * Rural Areas 50,000 or less * Tribes are eligible applicants - Grants don't ...

  13. Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    include rural economic and community development (including value-added agriculture), health care, education, public transportation, public management policies, housing, and...

  14. Ghana-NREL Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    electrification project in Ghana in cooperation with UNDP and GEF. NREL also piloted a business model for providing energy services in rural areas of Ghana.1 References ...

  15. Wind Energy for Rural Electric Cooperatives | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    cooperatives, many rural electric utilities have been initially reluctant to embrace wind energy. Reasons for this include: Some REAs in the western Great Plains have lost...

  16. Initial Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Associatio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Prepared by: Ken Winder Manager of Engineering Moon Lake Electric Assn., Inc. Roosevelt, UT kwinder@mleainc.com Russell Tucker Senior Economist National Rural Electric Cooperative ...

  17. Incubating Innovation for Rural Electrification. Executive Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-07-01

    In June, the team held a workshop on ''Low Carbon Sustainable Rural Electrification'' in Salima, Malawi. Co-organized with the Government of Malawi's Department of Energy, this event gathered participants from the energy, telecom, non-profit, banking sectors as well as from governmental and international agencies to discuss the potential development of private led off-grid electrification in Malawi where only 9% of the population has currently access to electricity. A very active participation provided us with insightful feedback and valuable recommendations.

  18. Fact #759: December 24, 2012 Rural vs. Urban Driving Differences |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy 9: December 24, 2012 Rural vs. Urban Driving Differences Fact #759: December 24, 2012 Rural vs. Urban Driving Differences According to the National Household Travel Survey, those living in rural areas drive ten more miles in a day than those who live in cities. People living in the suburbs drive only about three to four more miles per day than those within the city. From 2001 to 2009, the total number of daily miles driven decreased by 12%, much of it due to decreases by

  19. Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp (Florida) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Florida) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp Place: Florida Phone Number: 1-800-432-4770 Website: www.oremc.com Outage Hotline: 1.800.262.5131 Outage...

  20. Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Okefenoke Rural El Member Corp Place: Georgia Phone Number: 1-800-262-5131 Website: www.oremc.com Outage Hotline: 1-800-262-5131 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for...

  1. Steuben County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Steuben County Rural E M C Address: 1212 S. Wayne Street Place: Angola, Indiana Zip: 46703 Phone Number: 260.665.3563 Website: www.remcsteuben.com Twitter: @steubencoremc...

  2. QER- Comment of National Rural Electric Cooperative Association 2

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Please find attached additional comments from the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA). Thank you for the opportunity to participate. If you have questions or need additional information, please do not hesitate to contact me.

  3. Butler Rural El Coop Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coop Assn, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Butler Rural El Coop Assn, Inc Place: Kansas Phone Number: 316.321.9600 Website: www.butler.coop Facebook: https:...

  4. Chile-NREL Rural Electrification Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    early 2000 and was inaugurated by President Lagos in October of that year and the San Pedro and the small rural school of Aqua Fresca, all to demonstrate the use of wind...

  5. Big Horn Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    307-568-2419 Website: www.bighornrea.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesBig-Horn-Rural-Electric Outage Hotline: 1-800-564-2419 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  6. White County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    White County Rural E M C Address: 302 North Sixth Street Place: Monticello, IN Zip: 47960 Service Territory: Indiana Phone Number: (574) 583-7161 Website: www.cwremc.com Facebook:...

  7. Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    E C A, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc Place: Pennsylvania Phone Number: 1-800-474-1710 Website: www.northwesternrec.com Twitter: @NWRECA...

  8. Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Some of the most remote areas in the United States were also some of the last places to get access to electricity, with as many as nine out of ten rural homes without electricity in the mid-1930s....

  9. White House Rural Council: Creating New Business Opportunities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Council provides a new mechanism to ensure that our work creating new business opportunities and jobs in rural America is well-coordinated between agencies and that no important opportunity is missed.

  10. USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced on September 7 the availability of grants of up to $50,000 for agricultural producers and rural small businesses to conduct feasibility studies for installing renewable energy systems.

  11. Orange County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Orange County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 1-812-865-2229 Toll Free: 1-888-337-5900 Website: www.orangecountyremc.org Facebook: https:www.facebook.com...

  12. Valley Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley Rural Electric Coop Inc Place: Pennsylvania Phone Number: 814643-2650 or toll-free 800432-0680 Website: www.valleyrec.com Facebook: https:www.facebook.compages...

  13. Making Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America Making Biofuel From Corncobs and Switchgrass in Rural America June 11, 2010 - 4:48pm Addthis DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol (DDCE) opened a new biorefinery in Vonore, Tenn., last year. | Photo courtesy of DDCE DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol (DDCE) opened a new biorefinery in Vonore, Tenn., last year. | Photo courtesy of DDCE Lindsay Gsell Energy crops and agricultural residue, like corncobs and stover, are becoming part

  14. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Patterns, and Ecological Processes (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Search Results Journal Article: The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a

  15. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Patterns, and Ecological Processes (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes × You are accessing a document from the Department of Energy's (DOE) SciTech Connect. This site is a product of DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information

  16. Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas Woodruff Electric Cooperative (Woodruff) serves customers in seven eastern Arkansas counties. The proportion of residents living in poverty in those counties is more than double the national average. As a member-owned rural electric cooperative, Woodruff is connected to its customers and engaged in economic development efforts to bring more jobs and higher incomes to local communities. In order to bring the capital investment and its

  17. The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations September 10, 2015 Call Slides and Discussion Summary Agenda  Call Logistics and Opening Poll  Residential Network and Peer Exchange Call Overview  Featured Speakers  Alan Shedd, Energy Solutions Director, Touchstone Energy Cooperatives, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA)  Elizabeth Ogg, Economic Developer, Bates County, Missouri GUEP Program (Residential Network Member)  Christine Grant,

  18. QER - Comment of National Rural Electric Cooperative Association 3 |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Association 3 QER - Comment of National Rural Electric Cooperative Association 3 From: Silberstein, Pam M. [pamela.silberstein@nreca.coop] Sent: Friday, October 03, 2014 2:57 PM To: QERcomments Subject: RE: QER submission attached Attachment: Brief17_RuralEnergyConservation (1).pdf; Tri-State Response to DOE RFI on Draft IPP Process Oct 31 2013.pdf In addition to the below, please find these supporting materials. Thank you. -p ___________________________________ From:

  19. Exploring Energy Options for Rural Alaska | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Exploring Energy Options for Rural Alaska Exploring Energy Options for Rural Alaska March 2, 2015 - 9:28am Addthis Photos by Sherry Stout, NREL Photos by Sherry Stout, NREL Sherry Stout Sherry Stout Engineer at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory In mid-February, I had the opportunity to attend the Alaska Forum on the Environment in Anchorage, Alaska. The conference was attended by over 1,500 people and included a film festival, poster sessions, keynote speeches, and dozens of

  20. Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa AgencyCompany...

  1. D S & O Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    & O Rural E C A, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: D S & O Rural E C A, Inc Place: Kansas Phone Number: 785-655-2011 Website: dsoelectric.com Twitter: @DSOElectricCoop Outage...

  2. Iowa: Geothermal System Creates Jobs, Reduces Emissions in Rural Community

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    | Department of Energy Geothermal System Creates Jobs, Reduces Emissions in Rural Community Iowa: Geothermal System Creates Jobs, Reduces Emissions in Rural Community November 6, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis Utilizing funding from EERE and cost shares from other federal agencies, the City of West Union, Iowa, drilled geothermal wells in order to install a closed-loop geothermal heating and cooling system. The system is designed to serve 330,000 square feet of mixed used space in the downtown area,

  3. Iowa: Geothermal System Creates Jobs, Reduces Emissions in Rural Community

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy Geothermal System Creates Jobs, Reduces Emissions in Rural Community Iowa: Geothermal System Creates Jobs, Reduces Emissions in Rural Community November 6, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis Utilizing funding from EERE and cost shares from other federal agencies, the City of West Union, Iowa, drilled geothermal wells in order to install a closed-loop geothermal heating and cooling system. The system is designed to serve 330,000 square feet of mixed used space in the downtown area,

  4. Human alteration of the rural landscape: Variations in visual perception

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cloquell-Ballester, Vicente-Agustin Carmen Torres-Sibille, Ana del; Cloquell-Ballester, Victor-Andres; Santamarina-Siurana, Maria Cristina

    2012-01-15

    The objective of this investigation is to evaluate how visual perception varies as the rural landscape is altered by human interventions of varying character. An experiment is carried out using Semantic Differential Analysis to analyse the effect of the character and the type of the intervention on perception. Interventions are divided into elements of 'permanent industrial character', 'elements of permanent rural character' and 'elements of temporary character', and these categories are sub-divided into smaller groups according to the type of development. To increase the reliability of the results, the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient tool, is applied to validate the semantic space of the perceptual responses and to determine the number of subjects required for a reliable evaluation of the scenes.

  5. QER - Comment of National Rural Electric Cooperative Association |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Association QER - Comment of National Rural Electric Cooperative Association From: Gutierrez, Paul [Paul.Gutierrez@nreca.coop] Sent: Thursday, August 07, 2014 4:20 PM To: QERcomments CC: Silberstein, Pam M.; Steve Sharp Subject: Comment on the Public Meeting in Chicago, IL: Rail, Barge, Truck Transportation Attachment: CURE Power Point filed with DOE QER August 2014.pdf Please find attached comments regarding the agenda item, "RAIL - HOW A CRITICAL COMPONENT OF OUR

  6. FROM: Keith Dennis, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    TO: Ex parte communications, U.S. Department of Energy FROM: Keith Dennis, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA DATE: September 6, 2013 RE: NRECA's Ex Parte Communication with DOE on June 11, 2013 Teleconference summary Attendees: John Cymbalsky - DOE Jay Morrison - NRECA Keith Dennis - NRECA Julie Barkemeyer - NRECA Issues Discussed: The attendees identified above met via teleconference on July 10, 2013, to discuss DOE's proposed rulemaking to allow waivers from energy

  7. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Rural Development,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Inc., Greenfield, Massachusetts | Department of Energy Rural Development, Inc., Greenfield, Massachusetts Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Rural Development, Inc., Greenfield, Massachusetts Case study of Rural Development Inc. who worked with Building America research partner CARB to design affordable HERS-8 homes (60 w/o PV), with double-stud walls heavy insulation, low-load sealed-combustion gas space heaters, triple-pane windows, solar water heating, and PV. PDF icon

  8. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Rural Development,

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Inc., Greenfield, Massachusetts | Department of Energy Rural Development, Inc., Greenfield, Massachusetts Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Rural Development, Inc., Greenfield, Massachusetts Case study of Rural Development Inc. who worked with Building America research partner CARB to design affordable HERS-8 homes (60 w/o PV), with double-stud walls heavy insulation, low-load sealed-combustion gas space heaters, triple-pane windows, solar water heating, and PV. PDF icon

  9. Fact #902: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State | Department of Energy 2: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by State Fact #902: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles of Travel by State SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week In the United States, the U.S. Department of Transportation classifies 3.9 million miles of roadway as rural and 1.2 million miles of roadway as urban. Each state has a different travel pattern affecting the proportion of vehicle miles traveled (VMT) on rural versus urban roads.

  10. USDA Seeks Applications for Grants to Assist Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Applications are due July 30, 2012, for USDA Rural Development grants to assist communities where expenditures for home energy exceed 275% of the national average.

  11. USDA- Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Energy Audit and Renewable Energy Development Assistance (EA/REDA) Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Rural Development periodically issues Notices of Solicitation of Applications for the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) in the Federal Register. The...

  12. Sustainable fuelwood use in rural Mexico. Volume 1: Current patterns of resource use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masera, O.

    1993-04-01

    The present report summarizes the results of the first phase of a project of cooperation between the Mexican National Commission for Energy Conservation (CONAE) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) on sustainable biofuel use in rural Mexico. This first phase has been devoted to (i) conducting an in-depth review of the status of fuelwood use in rural and peri-urban areas of Mexico, (ii) providing improved estimates of biomass energy use, (iii) assessing the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of fuelwood use, and (iv) identifying preliminary potential lines of action to improve the patterns of biomass energy use in Mexico; in particular, identifying those interventions that, by improving living conditions for rural inhabitants, can result in global benefits (such as the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions). A comprehensive review of the existing documentation of biofuel use in rural and peri-urban Mexico was conducted. Reports from official, academic, and non-governmental organizations were gathered and analyzed. A computerized rural energy database was created by re-processing a national rural energy survey. Because of the paucity of information about biofuel use in small rural industries, most of the analysis is devoted to the household sector.

  13. Table HC1-8a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Urban/Rural Location,

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Urban/Rural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Urban/Rural Location 1 RSE Row Factors City Town Suburbs Rural 0.5 0.8 1.3 1.3 1.4 Total .............................................................. 107.0 49.9 18.0 21.2 17.9 4.2 Census Region and Division Northeast ..................................................... 20.3 7.7 4.5 4.7 3.4 7.4 New England .............................................

  14. Table HC7-8a. Home Office Equipment by Urban/Rural Location,

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8a. Home Office Equipment by Urban/Rural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Home Office Equipment RSE Column Factor: Total Urban/Rural Location 1 RSE Row Factors City Town Suburbs Rural 0.5 0.9 1.3 1.2 1.4 Total .............................................................. 107.0 49.9 18.0 21.2 17.9 4.1 Households Using Office Equipment ......................................... 96.2 43.9 16.0 20.2 16.1 4.1 Personal Computers 2 ................................. 60.0 25.6 9.3 15.0 10.1 4.7

  15. Economic evaluation of rural woodlots in a developing country: Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kihiyo, V.B.M.S.

    1996-03-01

    Rural areas in developing countries use wood as their main source of energy. Previously, wood has been obtained free from natural forests and woodlands. The pressure of increased demand through population growth, and the fact that natural trees take longer to grow, has made this resource scarce. Thus, raising trees in woodlots has been adopted as the solution to its shortage in the wild. However, growing trees in woodlots will inevitably require resources in terms of capital, land and manpower. Economic evaluation becomes necessary to ascertain that these resources are used economically. This paper dwells on some of the salient features of the economic evaluation of woodlots, such as interest rates, shadow prices of factors of production, social opportunity, cost of capital and sensitivity analysis of such woodlots in a developing country such as Tanzania. 19 refs., 5 tabs.

  16. Laying the Foundation for a More Energy-Secure Future in Rural...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to seek follow-on support through DOE technical assistance, funding, and other related future opportunities. In rural Alaska, energy is just one of a host of challenges Native...

  17. Energy Department and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural Communities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Partnering with USDA, the Energy Department has created the State Energy Extension Partnership to equip America’s farm families and rural small businesses with the efficiency tools, resources and training needed to reduce energy costs.

  18. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Rural Developmen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    walls heavy insulation, low-load sealed-combustion gas space heaters, triple-pane windows, solar water heating, and PV. PDF icon Rural Development Inc.: Wisdom Way Solar...

  19. Builders Challenge High Performance Builder Spotlight - Rural Development Inc., Turner Falls, Massachusetts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-01-01

    Building America/Builders Challenge fact sheet on Rural Development Inc, an energy-efficient home builder in cold climate using radiant floor heat, solar hot water, and PV. Examines cost impacts.

  20. Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Wins DOE Wind Cooperative of the Year Award

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON , DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative (IREC) will receive the 2005 Wind Cooperative of the Year Award.  The utility was...

  1. Miami-Cass County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Miami-Cass County Rural E M C Place: Indiana Phone Number: 765-473-6668 or toll free 800-844-6668 Website: www.mcremc.coop Twitter: @MiamiCassREMC Outage Hotline:...

  2. Rural Alaska Community Action Program Inc.'s Energy Wise Program

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Rural Alaska Community Action Program, Inc. Ellen Kazary, Community Development Manager (907) 865-7358, ekazary@ruralcap.com GOALS: * Create jobs for rural Alaskans * Lower residential energy burden in tribal communities Additional Goals - Demonstrate that education and simple efficiency improvements can make an important difference in lowering residential energy costs - Provide a model component for energy plans - important to incorporate Energy Wise strategies in holistic energy plans Energy

  3. Biomass District Heat System for Interior Rural Alaska Villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, William A.; Parker, Charles R.

    2014-09-01

    Alaska Village Initiatives (AVI) from the outset of the project had a goal of developing an integrated village approach to biomass in Rural Alaskan villages. A successful biomass project had to be ecologically, socially/culturally and economically viable and sustainable. Although many agencies were supportive of biomass programs in villages none had the capacity to deal effectively with developing all of the tools necessary to build a complete integrated program. AVI had a sharp learning curve as well. By the end of the project with all the completed tasks, AVI developed the tools and understanding to connect all of the dots of an integrated village based program. These included initially developing a feasibility model that created the capacity to optimize a biomass system in a village. AVI intent was to develop all aspects or components of a fully integrated biomass program for a village. This meant understand the forest resource and developing a sustainable harvest system that included the right sized harvest equipment for the scale of the project. Developing a training program for harvesting and managing the forest for regeneration. Making sure the type, quality, and delivery system matched the needs of the type of boiler or boilers to be installed. AVI intended for each biomass program to be of the scale that would create jobs and a sustainable business.

  4. Opportunities and Challenges for Solar Minigrid Development in Rural India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thirumurthy, N.; Harrington, L.; Martin, D.; Thomas, L.; Takpa, J.; Gergan, R.

    2012-09-01

    The goal of this report is to inform investors about the potential of solar minigrid technologies to serve India's rural market. Under the US-India Energy Dialogue, the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is supporting the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)'s Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) in performing a business-case and policy-oriented analysis on the deployment of solar minigrids in India. The JNNSM scheme targets the development of 2GW of off-grid solar power by 2022 and provides large subsidies to meet this target. NREL worked with electricity capacity and demand data supplied by the Ladakh Renewable Energy Development Agency (LREDA) from Leh District, to develop a technical approach for solar minigrid development. Based on the NREL-developed, simulated solar insolation data for the city of Leh, a 250-kW solar photovoltaic (PV) system can produce 427,737 kWh over a 12-month period. The business case analysis, based on several different scenarios and JNNSM incentives shows the cost of power ranges from Rs. 6.3/kWh (US$0.126) to Rs. 9/kWh (US$0.18). At these rates, solar power is a cheaper alternative to diesel. An assessment of the macro-environment elements--including political, economic, environmental, social, and technological--was also performed to identify factors that may impact India?s energy development initiatives.

  5. Control Strategies for Distributed Energy Resources to Maximize the Use of Wind Power in Rural Microgrids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shuai; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Samaan, Nader A.; Kalsi, Karanjit; Mayhorn, Ebony T.; Diao, Ruisheng; Jin, Chunlian; Zhang, Yu

    2011-10-10

    The focus of this paper is to design control strategies for distributed energy resources (DERs) to maximize the use of wind power in a rural microgrid. In such a system, it may be economical to harness wind power to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels for electricity production. In this work, we develop control strategies for DERs, including diesel generators, energy storage and demand response, to achieve high penetration of wind energy in a rural microgrid. Combinations of centralized (direct control) and decentralized (autonomous response) control strategies are investigated. Detailed dynamic models for a rural microgrid are built to conduct simulations. The system response to large disturbances and frequency regulation are tested. It is shown that optimal control coordination of DERs can be achieved to maintain system frequency while maximizing wind power usage and reducing the wear and tear on fossil fueled generators.

  6. The Biofuels Revolution: Understanding the Social, Cultural and Economic Impacts of Biofuels Development on Rural Communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Theresa L. Selfa; Dr. Richard Goe; Dr. Laszlo Kulcsar; Dr. Gerad Middendorf; Dr. Carmen Bain

    2013-02-11

    The aim of this research was an in-depth analysis of the impacts of biofuels industry and ethanol plants on six rural communities in the Midwestern states of Kansas and Iowa. The goal was to provide a better understanding of the social, cultural, and economic implications of biofuels development, and to contribute to more informed policy development regarding bioenergy.Specific project objectives were: 1. To understand how the growth of biofuel production has affected and will affect Midwestern farmers and rural communities in terms of economic, demographic, and socio-cultural impacts; 2. To determine how state agencies, groundwater management districts, local governments and policy makers evaluate or manage bioenergy development in relation to competing demands for economic growth, diminishing water resources, and social considerations; 3. To determine the factors that influence the water management practices of agricultural producers in Kansas and Iowa (e.g. geographic setting, water management institutions, competing water-use demands as well as producers?? attitudes, beliefs, and values) and how these influences relate to bioenergy feedstock production and biofuel processing; 4. To determine the relative importance of social-cultural, environmental and/or economic factors in the promotion of biofuels development and expansion in rural communities; The research objectives were met through the completion of six detailed case studies of rural communities that are current or planned locations for ethanol biorefineries. Of the six case studies, two will be conducted on rural communities in Iowa and four will be conducted on rural communities in Kansas. A ??multi-method? or ??mixed method? research methodology was employed for each case study.

  7. Reducing Infant Mortality Rate With Ultrasound in Rural India | GE Global

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Reducing Infant Mortality Rate With Ultrasound in Rural India Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Reducing Infant Mortality Rate With Ultrasound in Rural India Kajoli Krishnan 2011.07.28 The United Nations is committed to reducing global infant mortality rate (IMR) and maternal mortality ratio

  8. EERE Success Story-Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    American Communities | Department of Energy Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American Communities EERE Success Story-Electric Cooperatives Channel Solar Resources to Rural American Communities February 4, 2016 - 12:07pm Addthis The CoServ Solar Station in Krugerville, Texas. Photo: KEN OLTMANN/CoServ The CoServ Solar Station in Krugerville, Texas. Photo: KEN OLTMANN/CoServ Some of the most remote areas in the United States were also some of the last places to get access

  9. Laying the Foundation for a More Energy-Secure Future in Rural Alaska |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy Laying the Foundation for a More Energy-Secure Future in Rural Alaska Laying the Foundation for a More Energy-Secure Future in Rural Alaska September 22, 2014 - 9:25am Addthis A 900-kW Native-owned wind farm generates 10% of Nome's electricity, reducing dependence on diesel fuel. Photo from Bering Straits Native Corp., NREL 16298 A 900-kW Native-owned wind farm generates 10% of Nome's electricity, reducing dependence on diesel fuel. Photo from Bering Straits Native

  10. Nutritional significance and acceptance of solar-dried foods of rural Leyte Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swanson, M.A.

    1987-01-01

    Training in solar dryer construction and food preservation was provided to villagers in three barangays in rural Leyte, Philippines. A 24 hour dietary recall assessed dietary status of the women prior to the solar dried food intervention. Nutrients of greatest dietary concern were thiamine, vitamin A, riboflavin, iron and energy.

  11. "Table HC8.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Urban/Rural Location (as Self-Reported)" ,"Housing Units (millions)" "Home Appliances Usage Indicators",,"City","Town","Suburbs","Rural" "Total",111.1,47.1,19,22.7,22.3 "Cooking Appliances" "Frequency of Hot Meals Cooked" "3 or More Times A Day",8.2,3.7,1.6,1.4,1.5 "2

  12. Non-Economic Determinants of Energy Use in Rural Areas of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Annecke, W.

    1999-03-29

    This project will begin to determine the forces and dimensions in rural energy-use patterns and begin to address policy and implementation needs for the future. This entails: Forecasting the social and economic benefits that electrification is assumed to deliver regarding education and women's lives; Assessing negative perceptions of users, which have been established through the slow uptake of electricity; Making recommendations as to how these perceptions could be addressed in policy development and in the continuing electrification program; Making recommendations to policy makers on how to support and make optimal use of current energy-use practices where these are socio-economically sound; Identifying misinformation and wasteful practices; and Other recommendations, which will significantly improve the success of the rural electrification program in a socio-economically sound manner, as identified in the course of the work.

  13. ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh--Merging Technology with Sustainable Implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addy, Susan E.A.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Kostecki, Robert

    2009-12-01

    Today, 35-77 million Bangladeshis drink arsenic-contaminated groundwater from shallow tube wells. Arsenic remediation efforts have focused on the development and dissemination of household filters that frequently fall into disuse due to the amount of attention and maintenance that they require. A community scale clean water center has many advantages over household filters and allows for both chemical and electricity-based technologies to be beneficial to rural areas. Full cost recovery would enable the treatment center to be sustainable over time. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) is compatible with community scale water treatment for rural Bangladesh. We demonstrate the ability of ECAR to reduce arsenic levels> 500 ppb to less than 10 ppb in synthetic and real Bangladesh groundwater samples and examine the influence of several operating parameters on arsenic removal effectiveness. Operating cost and waste estimates are provided. Policy implication recommendations that encourage sustainable community treatment centers are discussed.

  14. Carbon Cycling, Environmental & Rural Economic Impacts from Collecting & Processing Specific Woody Feedstocks into Biofuels

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Review March 24, 2015 Technology Area Review Steve Kelley, NCSU Rick Gustafson, U of WA Elaine Oneil, CORRIM Carbon Cycling, Environmental & Rural Economic Impacts from Collecting & Processing Specific Woody Feedstocks into Biofuels 2 | Bioenergy Technologies Office Goal Statement Woody biomass converted into durable wood products can sequester carbon for 20-70 years, offering an immediate carbon offset. Thus, there is a need to understand how woody biomass can also contribute to

  15. Case Study - National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Investment Grant

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Investment Grant 1 Helping America's Electric Cooperatives Build a Smarter Grid to Streamline Operations and Improve Service Electric cooperatives play an important role in the U.S. energy infrastructure, delivering electricity to 44 million consumers across over 70% of the geography of the country every day. Implementing smart grid technology is seen by co-ops as a cost-effective way to improve reliability, streamline the restoration of

  16. Rural Alaska Community ACtion Program, Inc.'s Energy Wise Program

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Alaska Community Action Program, Inc. Jolene John, Community Development Manager (907) 865-7358, jjohn@ruralcap.com GOALS * Reduce residential energy consumption - Behavior change - Low-cost home upgrades * Create jobs for rural Alaskans - Hire and train locally - Professional development and certification EFFECTIVE BEHAVIOR CHANGE * Message Delivered by Local Crews - 4- 10 hired per community, 6-12 weeks - Professional training and certification * Energy Fair - Engages entire community -

  17. Energy Solutions in Rural Alaska: Tanana Chiefs Conference and Alaska Center for Energy and Power

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy Solutions in Rural Alaska: Tanana Chiefs Conference and Alaska Center for Energy and Power DOE Tribal Energy Program Review October 28, 2010 TANANA CHIEFS CONFERENCE provides a unified voice to advance tribal governments, economic and social development, promote education and physical and mental wellness, and protect language, traditional, and cultural values. Alaska Center for Energy and Power meets state and local needs for applied energy research by developing, refining, demonstrating,

  18. How to Make Biomass-to-Energy Work in Rural Alaska

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    How to Make Biomass-to-Energy Work in Rural Alaska Jeff Coombe Keith Henn Al Randall April 29, 2014 www.tetratech.com Tetra Tech Alaskan Project Experience 3 Office Locations - Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau HelioTech JV - Alaska Native Corporation 8(a) Tetra Tech Works With Tribal Groups 3 Cherokee Nation Northern Arapaho Cheyenne River Sioux Northern Cheyenne Tribe Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma Oglala Sioux Tribe Chippewa Cree Tribe of the Rocky Boys Reservation Omaha Tribe of Nebraska

  19. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Colorado" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Public Service Co of Colorado","Investor-owned",28861229,9266046,12881189,6652330,61664 2,"City of Colorado Springs - (CO)","Public",4553294,1461825,1106926,1984543,0 3,"Intermountain Rural Elec

  20. Increases in electric rates in rural areas. Hearing before the Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session, June 4, 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    Seven witnesses representing rural electric utilities and cooperatives spoke at a June 4, 1980 hearing to discuss which inflationary factors are increasing rural electric rates. The Committee recognized that the problem is not unique to rural systems. In their testimony, the witnesses noted increasing urbanization of rural areas; the cost of generating plant construction, fuel, and operating expenses; general economic factors of inflation and high interest rates; and regulations as major contributing factors to utility requests for rate increases. The hearing record includes their testimony, additional material submitted for the record, and responses to questions from the subcommittee. (DCK)

  1. Fossil and Contemporary Fine Carbon Fractions at 12 Rural and Urban Sites in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schichtel, B; Malm, W; Bench, G; Fallon, S; McDade, C; Chow, J

    2007-03-01

    Fine particulate matter collected at two urban, four near-urban, and six remote sites throughout the United States were analyzed for total carbon (TC) and radiocarbon ({sup 14}C). Samples were collected at most sites for both a summer and winter season. The radiocarbon was used to partition the TC into fossil and contemporary fractions. On average, contemporary carbon composed about half of the carbon at the urban, {approx}70-97% at near-urban, and 82-100% at remote sites. At Phoenix, Arizona, and Seattle, Washington, one monitor was located within the urban center and one outside to assess the urban excess over background concentrations. During the summer the urban and rural sites had similar contemporary carbon concentrations. However, during the winter the urban sites had more than twice the contemporary carbon measured at the neighboring sites, indicating anthropogenic contributions to the contemporary carbon. The urban fossil carbon was 4-20 times larger than the neighboring rural sites for both seasons. Organic (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) from TOR analysis were available. These and the radiocarbon data were used to estimate characteristic fossil and contemporary EC/TC ratios for the winter and summer seasons. These ratios were applied to carbon data from the Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments network to estimate the fraction of contemporary carbon at mostly rural sites throughout the United States. In addition, the ratios were used to develop a semiquantitative, lower bound estimate of secondary organic carbon (SOC) contribution to fossil and contemporary carbon. SOC accounted for more than one-third of the fossil and contemporary carbon.

  2. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Rural Development Inc., Wisdom Way Solar Village, Greenfield, MA

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    design assistance and energy analysis from the U.S. Department of Energy's CARB Building America research team, led by Steven Winter Associates, the nonprofit builder Rural Development, Inc., built Wisdom Way Solar Village, a community of 20 energy-efficient solar duplexes in western Massachusetts in 2010. The homes achieve HERS scores of 8 to 18 with a highly insulated enclosure, energy-saving equipment, and solar water heating to give home owners heating savings of nearly $2,200 per year. The

  3. Social and economic aspects of the introduction of gasification technology in rural areas of developing countries (Tanzania)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groeneveld, M.J.; Westerterp, K.R.

    1980-01-01

    The development of third world rural areas depends largely on the availability of energy and for an improvement in agricultural production; an increase in energy consumption is required. It seems attractive to replace the fossil liquid fuels needed for machinery by locally produced fuels. The thermal gasification of agricultural waste which produces gas that can be used directly to drive engines is suggested. A study to identify the social and economic advantages of this process and its applicability in rural areas of Tanzania has been made.

  4. Disaster incubation, cumulative impacts and the urban/ex-urban/rural dynamic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulvihill, Peter R. . E-mail: prm@yorku.ca; Ali, S. Harris . E-mail: hali@yorku.ca

    2007-05-15

    This article explores environmental impacts and risks that can accumulate in rural and ex-urban areas and regions and their relation to urban and global development forces. Two Southern Ontario cases are examined: an area level water disaster and cumulative change at the regional level. The role of disaster incubation analysis and advanced environmental assessment tools are discussed in terms of their potential to contribute to more enlightened and effective assessment and planning processes. It is concluded that conventional approaches to EA and planning are characteristically deficient in addressing the full range of impacts and risks, and particularly those originating from pathogens, dispersed and insidious sources. Rigorous application of disaster incubation analysis and more advanced forms of EA has considerable potential to influence a different pattern of planning and decision making.

  5. Design Strategies and Preliminary Prototype for a Low-Cost Arsenic Removal System for Rural Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Qazi, Shefah; Agogino, Alice M.

    2009-09-14

    Researchers have invented a material called ARUBA -- Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash -- that effectively and affordably removes arsenic from Bangladesh groundwater. Through analysis of studies across a range of disciplines, observations, and informal interviews conducted over three trips to Bangladesh, we have applied mechanical engineering design methodology to develop eight key design strategies, which were used in the development of a low-cost, community-scale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to removearsenic from drinking water. We have constructed, tested, and analysed a scale version of the system. Experiments have shown that the system is capable of reducing high levels of arsenic (nearly 600 ppb) to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb, while remaining affordable to people living on less than US$2/day. The system could be sustainably implemented as a public-private partnership in rural Bangladesh.

  6. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, May 1, 1996--December 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1996-02-01

    Developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000 is the focus of the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-I, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Facette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG). Phase-II of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. There will be testing of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials expected to occur at BED`s McNeill power station and potentially at one of GPU`s facilities. Phase-III will represent full-scale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis. Willow has been selected as the energy crop of choice for many reasons. Willow is well suited to the climate of the Northeastern United States, and initial field trials have demonstrated that the yields required for the success of the project are obtainable. Like other energy crops, willow has rural development benefits and could serve to diversify local crop production, provide new sources of income for participating growers, and create new jobs. Willow could be used to put a large base of idle acreage back into crop production. Additionally, the willow coppicing system integrates well with current farm operations and utilizes agricultural practices that are already familiar to farmers.

  7. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Sources (more than one may apply) Elec- tricity Natural Gas District Chilled Water Elec- tricity Natural Gas District Chilled Water All Buildings* ......

  8. Kotzebue Wind Project I | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Status In Service Owner Kotzebue Elec. Assoc. Developer Kotzebue Electric Association Energy Purchaser Kotzebue Elec. Assoc. Location Kotzebue AK Coordinates 66.836485,...

  9. Alaska Village Cooperative Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    In Service Owner Alaska Village Elec Coop Developer Kotzebue Electric Association Energy Purchaser Alaska Village Elec Coop Location Toksook Bay AK Coordinates 60.5315,...

  10. Social and economic aspects of the introduction of gasification technology in rural areas of developing countries (Tanzania)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groeneveld, M.J.; Westerterp, K.R.

    1980-01-01

    According to the evaluation criteria presented, the gasification of corn cobs is acceptable from the economical and agricultural point of view in the rural areas around Arusha (Tanzania). The gasification system is of relatively simple construction and local maintenance is possible. If the system is connected to the already existing corn mills in the villages, it is appropriate to the existing socio-cultural system. The economic calculations made clear that the use of gasification is attractive for both the owners of the corn mill and the government. The advantages for the government are the savings on imported oil and the extra income created for the users of the corn mill (inhabitants of the rural villages). The government loses income from taxes and from the production and transport of diesel oil. Evaluation methods presented can and should be used for gasification projects in other areas.

  11. Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community: Flammable-Liquid Fire Fighting Techniques for Municipal and Rural Firefighters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denise Baclawski

    2010-03-08

    The University of Nevada, Reno Fire Science Academy (FSA) applied for grant funding to develop and deliver programs for municipal, rural, and volunteer firefighters. The FSA specializes in preparing responders for a variety of emergency events, including flammable liquid fires resulting from accidents, intentional acts, or natural disasters. Live fire training on full scale burnable props is the hallmark of FSA training, allowing responders to practice critical skills in a realistic, yet safe environment. Unfortunately, flammable liquid live fire training is often not accessible to municipal, rural, or volunteer firefighters due to limited department training budgets, even though most department personnel will be exposed to flammable liquid fire incidents during the course of their careers. In response to this training need, the FSA developed a course during the first year of the grant (Year One), Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community: Flammable-Liquid Fire Fighting Techniques for Municipal and Rural Firefighters. During the three years of the grant, a total of 2,029 emergency responders received this training. In Year Three, two new courses, a train-the-trainer for Responding to Terrorist Incidents in Your Community and Management of Large-Scale Disasters for Public Officials were developed and pilot tested during the Real-World Disaster Management Conference held at the FSA in June of 2007. Two research projects were conducted during Years Two and Three. The first, conducted over a two year period, evaluated student surveys regarding the value of the flammable liquids training received. The second was a needs assessment conducted for rural Nevada. Both projects provided important feedback and a basis for curricula development and improvements.

  12. Assessment of particulate concentrations from domestic biomass combustion in rural Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brauer, M.; Bartlett, K.; Regalado-Pineda, J.; Perez-Padilla, R.

    1996-01-01

    Recent evidence has suggested that woodsmoke exposure in developed countries is associated with acute and chronic health impacts. Particulate concentrations were measured in rural Mexican kitchens using biomass combustion for cooking. To investigate differences in indoor particle concentrations between kitchens using different fuels and stove types, measurements were made in eight kitchens using only biomass, six using only liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), six using a combination of biomass and LPG, and three using biomass in ventilated stoves. Outdoor samples were collected at the same time as the indoor samples. PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} measurements were made with inertial impactors, and particle light scattering was measured continuously with an integrating nephelometer. PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} concentrations (mean concentrations of 768 and 555 {mu}g m{sup -3}, respectively) in the kitchens burning only biomass were greater than in all other types (biomass > biomass + LPG > ventilated > LPG > outdoor). A similar trend was evident for the indoor/outdoor concentration ratio. Based on the short-term measurements estimated from the nephelometer data, PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} cooking period average and 5-min peak concentrations were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in kitchens using only biomass than in those using LPG, a combination of LPG and biomass, or a ventilated biomass stove. 20 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, January 1, 1997--March 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1997-08-01

    Detailed task progress reports and schedules are provided for the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The focus of the project is on developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-1, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Fayette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG) and Dunkirk Station (NMPC). Phase-II of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. Cofiring willow is also under consideration for GPU`s Seward Station where testing is under way. There will be an evaluation of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials occurring at BED`s McNeill power station. Phase-III will represent fullscale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis.

  14. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, Phase 2, July 1--September 30, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1999-01-01

    The project undertaken by the Salix Consortium is a multi-phased, multi-partner endeavor. Phase 1 focused on initial development and testing of the technology and forging the necessary agreements to demonstrate commercial willow production. The Phase 1 objectives have been successfully completed: preparing final design plans for two utility pulverized coal boiler for 20 MW of biopower capacity; developing fuel supply plans for the project with a goal of establishing 365 ha (900 ac) of willow; obtaining power production commitments from the power companies for Phase 2; obtaining construction and environmental permits; and developing an experimental strategy for crop production and power generation improvements needed to assure commercial success. The R and D effort also addresses environmental issues pertaining to introduction of the willow energy system. Beyond those Phase 1 requirements, the Consortium has already successfully demonstrated cofiring at Greenidge Station and has initiated development of the required nursery capacity for acreage scale-up. In Phase 2 every aspect of willow production and power generation from willow biomass will be demonstrated. The ultimate objective of Phase 2 is to transition the work performed under the Biomass Power for Rural Development project into a thriving, self-supported energy crop enterprise.

  15. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, April 1, 1997--June 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1997-08-01

    Detailed task progress reports and schedules are provided for the DOE/USDA sponsored Biomass Power for Rural Development project. The focus of the project is on developing commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-I, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Fayette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG) and Dunkirk Station (NMPC). Phase-H of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. Cofiring willow is also under consideration for GPU`s Seward Station where testing is under way. There will be an evaluation of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials occurring at BED`s McNeill power station. Phase-III will represent fullscale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis.

  16. Biomass power for rural development: Phase 2. Technical progress report, April 1--June 30, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1998-11-01

    The project undertaken by the Salix Consortium is a multi-phased, multi-partner endeavor. Phase-1 focused on initial development and testing of the technology and agreements necessary to demonstrate commercial willow production in Phase-2. The Phase-1 objectives have been successfully completed: preparing final design plans for two utility pulverized coal boilers, developing fuel supply plans for the project, obtaining power production commitments from the power companies for Phase-2, obtaining construction and environmental permits, and developing an experimental strategy for crop production and power generation improvements needed to assure commercial success. The R and D effort also addresses environmental issues pertaining to introduction of the willow energy system. Beyond those Phase-1 requirements the Consortium has already successfully demonstrated cofiring at Greenidge Station and developed the required nursery capacity for acreage scale-up. This past summer 105 acres were prepared in advance for the spring planting in 1998. Having completed the above tasks, the Consortium is well positioned to begin Phase-2. In phase-2 every aspect of willow production and power generation from willow will be demonstrated. The ultimate objective of Phase-2 is to transition the work performed under the Rural Energy for the Future project into a thriving, self-supported energy crop enterprise.

  17. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, October 1--December 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1998-05-01

    The focus of the DOE/USDA sponsored biomass power for rural development project is to develop commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-1, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Fayette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG) and Dunkirk Station (NMPC). Phase-2 of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. Cofiring willow is also under consideration for GPU`s Seward Station where testing is underway. There will be an evaluation of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials occurring at BED`s McNeill Power Station. Phase-3 will represent fullscale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis. During the fourth quarter of 1997 the Consortium submitted a Phase-2 proposal. A few of the other more important milestones are outlined below. The first quarter of 1998 will be dominated by pre-planting activity in the spring.

  18. Five-years of microenvironment data along an urban-rural transect; temperature and CO2 concentrations in urban area at levels expected globally with climate change.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, Kate; Ziska, Lewis H; Bunce, James A; Quebedeaux, Bruno

    2007-11-01

    The heat island effect and the high use of fossil fuels in large city centers is well documented, but by how much fossil fuel consumption is elevating atmospheric CO2 concentrations and whether elevations in both atmospheric CO2 and air temperature are consistent from year to year are less well known. Our aim was to record atmospheric CO2 concentrations, air temperature and other environmental variables in an urban area and compare it to suburban and rural sites to see if urban sites are experiencing climates expected globally in the future with climate change. A transect was established from Baltimore city center (Urban site), to the outer suburbs of Baltimore (suburban site) and out to an organic farm (rural site). At each site a weather station was set-up to monitor environmental variables annually for five years. Atmospheric CO2 was significantly increased on average by 66 ppm from the rural to the urban site over the five years of the study. Air temperature was significantly higher at the urban site (14.8 oC) compared to the suburban (13.6 oC) and rural (12.7 oC) sites. Relative humidity was not different between sites but vapor pressure deficit (VPD) was significantly higher at the urban site compared to the suburban and rural sites. During wet years relative humidity was significantly increased and VPD significantly reduced. Increased nitrogen deposition at the rural site (2.1 % compared to 1.8 and 1.2 % at the suburban and urban sites) was small enough not to affect soil nitrogen content. Dense urban areas with large populations and high vehicular traffic have significantly different microclimates compared to outlying suburban and rural areas. The increases in atmospheric CO2 and air temperature are similar to changes predicted in the short term with global climate change, therefore providing an environment suitable for studying future effects of climate change on terrestrial ecosystems.

  19. The method of solid fermentation of biogas in Chinese rural areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zou, Y.; Zhao, Z.

    1983-12-01

    This report describes laboratory experimental results of solid method of biogas fermentation by using farm stalks and livestock manure as raw materials but without hydraulic pressure. Under natural conditions of ordinary temperature, the average rate of biogas production for 100 days has increased from 0.13 m/sup 3//m/sup 3/ of materials per day by using hydraulic pressure to 0.37 m/sup 3//m/sup 3/ of materials per day with dry method. The amount of gas produced per kg by the volatile solid material increases about 14% and there is little change in the methane content of the biogas. At present the biogas fermentation by means of hydraulic pressure in Chinese rural areas has certain special features, but there are disadvantages of low rate of biogas production and difficulty in filling and taking off materials. It requires about 100 dans (50 kg = 1 dan) of water to fill a digester. Hence a lot of labour is required. And, without stirring, it may easily result in separation of material and liquid in two layers and the formation of scum of the floating materials. It is thus unfavorable for microbial activities. According to our previous experiments and the reports of other workers, one of the important reasons for the low rate of biogas production is due to insufficient total solid (TS) content of the fermentation material. In this experiment, the authors used the method of solid fermentation instead of hydraulic pressure and obtained nearly double the rate of biogas production using smaller digesters which did not require as much labor to fill and remove materials.

  20. Regional analysis of non-methane hydrocarbons and meteorology of the rural southeast United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hagerman, L.M.

    1996-11-01

    Measurements of non-methane hydrocarbons, as well as ozone, meteorological and trace gas data, were made at four rural sites located within the southeastern United States as a part of the Southern Oxidants Study. Fifty-six C2-C10 hydrocarbons were collected from 1200-1300 local time, once every six days from September 1992 through October 1993. The measurements were made in an effort to enhance the understanding of the behavior and trends of ozone and other photochemical oxidants in this region. The light molecular weight alkanes (ethane, propane, n-butane, iso-butane), ethene and acetylene display a seasonal variation with a winter maximum and summer minimum. Isoprene was virtually non-existent during the winter at all sites, and averaged from 9.8 ppbC (Yorkville, GA) to 21.15 ppbC (Centreville, AL) during the summer. The terpene concentration was greatest in the summer with averages ranging between 3.19 ppbC (Centreville, AL) to 6.38 ppbC (Oak Grove, MS), but was also emitted during the winter months, with a range of 1.25 to 1.9 ppbC for all sites. Propylene-equivalent concentrations were calculated to account for differences in reaction rates between the hydroxyl radical and individual hydrocarbons, and to thereby estimate their relative contribution to ozone, especially in regards to the highly reactive biogenic compounds such as isoprene. It was calculated that biogenics represent at least 65% of the total non-methane hydrocarbon sum at these four sites during the summer season when considering propylene-equivalent concentrations. An ozone episode which occurred from July 20 to July 24 1993 was used as an example to show ozone profiles at each of the sites, and to show the effect of synoptic meteorology on high ozone by examining NOAA daily weather maps and climatic data.

  1. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report, July 1--September 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, E.

    1998-03-01

    The focus of the DOE/USDA sponsored biomass power for rural development project is to develop commercial energy crops for power generation by the year 2000. The New York based Salix Consortium project is a multi-partner endeavor, implemented in three stages. Phase-1, Final Design and Project Development, will conclude with the preparation of construction and/or operating permits, feedstock production plans, and contracts ready for signature. Field trials of willow (Salix) have been initiated at several locations in New York (Tully, Lockport, King Ferry, La Fayette, Massena, and Himrod) and co-firing tests are underway at Greenidge Station (NYSEG) and Dunkirk Station (NMPC). Phase-2 of the project will focus on scale-up of willow crop acreage, construction of co-firing facilities at Dunkirk Station (NMPC), and final modifications for Greenidge Station. Cofiring willow is also under consideration for GPU`s Seward Station where testing is underway. There will be an evaluation of the energy crop as part of the gasification trials occurring at BED`s McNeill power station. Phase-3 will represent fullscale commercialization of the energy crop and power generation on a sustainable basis. During the third quarter of 1997, much of the Consortium`s effort has focused on outreach activities, continued feedstock development, fuel supply planning, and fuel contract development, and preparation for 1998 scale-up activities. The Consortium also submitted a Phase-1 extension proposal during this period. A few of the more important milestones are outlined below. The fourth quarter of 1997 is expected to be dominated by Phase-II proposal efforts and planning for 1998 activities.

  2. Air pollution and childhood respiratory health: Exposure to sulfate and ozone in 10 Canadian Rural Communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stern, B.R.; Raizenne, M.E.; Burnett, R.T.; Jones, L.; Kearney, J.; Franklin, C.A. )

    1994-08-01

    This study was designed to examine differences in the respiratory health status of preadolescent school children, aged 7-11 years, who resided in 10 rural Canadian communities in areas of moderate and low exposure to regional sulfate and ozone pollution. Five of the communities were located in central Saskatchewan, a low-exposure region, and five were located in southwestern Ontario, an area with moderately elevated exposures resulting from long-range atmospheric transport of polluted air masses. In this cross-sectional study, the child's respiratory symptoms and illness history were evaluated using a parent-completed questionnaire, administered in September 1985. Respiratory function was assessed once for each child in the schools between October 1985 and March 1986, by the measurement of pulmonary function for forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV[sub 1.0]), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), mean forced expiratory flow rate during the middle half of the FVC curve (FEF[sub 25-75]), and maximal expiratory flow at 50% of the expired vital capacity (V[sub 50]max). After controlling for the effects of age, sex, parental smoking, parental education and gas cooking, no significant regional differences were observed in rates of chronic cough or phlegm, persistent wheeze, current asthma, bronchitis in the past year, or any chest illness that kept the child at home for 3 or more consecutive days during the previous year. Children living in southwestern Ontario had statistically significant (P < 0.01) mean decrements of 1.7% in FVC and 1.3% in FEV[sub 1.0] compared with Saskatchewan children, after adjusting for age, sex, weight, standing height, parental smoking, and gas cooking. There were no statistically significant regional differences in the pulmonary flow parameters (P > 0.05). 54 refs., 1 fig., 7 tabs.

  3. Design of a rural water provision system to decrease arsenic exposure in Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna

    2009-01-07

    Researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have invented ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) a material that effectively and affordably removes high concentrations of arsenic from contaminated groundwater. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate?bottom ash from coal fired power plants?is a waste material readily available in South Asia. During fieldwork in four sub-districts ofBangladesh, ARUBA reduced groundwater arsenic concentrations as high as 680 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Key results from three trips in Bangladesh and one trip to Cambodia include (1) ARUBA removes more than half of the arsenic from contaminated water within the first five minutes of contact, andcontinues removing arsenic for 2-3 days; (2) ARUBA?s arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through fractionated dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once); (3) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic concentrations ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well; and (4) the amount of arsenic removed per gram of ARUBA is linearly related to the initial arsenic concentrationof the water. Through analysis of existing studies, observations, and informal interviews in Bangladesh, eight design strategies have been developed and used in the design of a low-cost, community-scale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to remove arsenic from drinking water. We have constructed, tested, and analyzed a scale version of the system. Experiments have shown that the system is capable of reducing high levels of arsenic (nearly 600 ppb) to below 50 ppb, while remaining affordable to people living on less than $2 per day. The system could be sustainably implemented as a public-private partnership in rural Bangladesh.

  4. Systemic inflammatory changes and increased oxidative stress in rural Indian women cooking with biomass fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dutta, Anindita; Department of Experimental Hematology, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37, S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-700 026 ; Ray, Manas Ranjan; Banerjee, Anirban

    2012-06-15

    The study was undertaken to investigate whether regular cooking with biomass aggravates systemic inflammation and oxidative stress that might result in increase in the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) in rural Indian women compared to cooking with a cleaner fuel like liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). A total of 635 women (median age 36 years) who cooked with biomass and 452 age-matched control women who cooked with LPG were enrolled. Serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were measured by ELISA. Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by leukocytes was measured by flow cytometry, and erythrocytic superoxide dismutase (SOD) was measured by spectrophotometry. Hypertension was diagnosed following the Seventh Report of the Joint Committee. Tachycardia was determined as pulse rate > 100 beats per minute. Particulate matter of diameter less than 10 and 2.5 ?m (PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5}, respectively) in cooking areas was measured using real-time aerosol monitor. Compared with control, biomass users had more particulate pollution in indoor air, their serum contained significantly elevated levels of IL-6, IL-8, TNF-? and CRP, and ROS generation was increased by 37% while SOD was depleted by 41.5%, greater prevalence of hypertension and tachycardia compared to their LPG-using neighbors. PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5} levels were positively associated with markers of inflammation, oxidative stress and hypertension. Inflammatory markers correlated with raised blood pressure. Cooking with biomass exacerbates systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, hypertension and tachycardia in poor women cooking with biomass fuel and hence, predisposes them to increased risk of CVD development compared to the controls. Systemic inflammation and oxidative stress may be the mechanistic factors involved in the development of CVD. -- Highlights: ? Effect of chronic biomass smoke exposure on cardiovascular health was investigated. ? Serum markers of systemic inflammation and oxidative stress were studied. ? Biomass using women had increased systemic inflammation and oxidative stress. ? Indoor air pollution and observed changes were positively associated.

  5. Guidelines to assist rural electric cooperatives to fulfill the requirements of Sections 201 and 210 of PURPA for cogeneration and small power production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-02-01

    These guidelines were designed to assist National Rural Electric Cooperative Association staff and consultants involved in the implementation of Sections 201 and 210 of the Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA). The guidelines were structured to meet anticipated use as: a self-contained legal, technical and economic reference manual helpful in dealing with small power producers and cogenerators; a roadmap through some of the less obvious obstacles encountered by utilities interacting with small power producers and cogenerators; a starting point for those utilities who have not yet formulated specific policies and procedures, nor developed rates for purchasing power from small power producers and cogenerators; a discussion vehicle to highlight key issues and increase understanding in workshop presentations to rural electric cooperatives; and an evolutionary tool which can be updated to reflect changes in the law as they occur. The chapters in these Guidelines contain both summary information, such as compliance checklists, and detailed information, such as cost rate calculations, on regulatory requirements, operational considerations, and rate considerations. The appendices contain more specific material, e.g. rural electric cooperative sample policy statements. (LCL)

  6. Increasing biogas yield of rural biogas digester by addition of NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, G.C.; Chen, G.Q.; Chen, M.; Liu, K.X.; Zhou, S.Y.

    1983-12-01

    By addition of 0.3% NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ instead of animal manure into rural biogas digester in which the rotted rice straw was the major feedstock, the biogas yield doubled in comparison with the check digester (0.1 m/sup 3//m/sup 3//d) and the fertility of NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ did not decrease because of biogas fermentation. Many digesters have been built in China. But, owing to the problems of improper management, unsuitable influent mixing, etc., neither digesters nor feedstock were fully utilized. In order to solve these problems, adding NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ into digester instead of animal manure was tried. Its results showed that the suitable C/N ratio of influent mixing was obtained, the fertility of effluent went up, and biogas producing rate increased. The concentration of NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ is 0.2-0.6%, but the optimal is 0.3%.

  7. Strategic Plan for Coordinating Rural Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Transit Development in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Truett, L.F.

    2002-12-19

    The Great Smoky Mountains National Park, located along the border between North Carolina and Tennessee, is the most visited national park in the United States. This rugged, mountainous area presents many transportation challenges. The immense popularity of the Smokies and the fact that the primary mode of transportation within the park is the personal vehicle have resulted in congestion, damage to the environment, impacts on safety, and a degraded visitor experience. Access to some of the Smokies historical, cultural, and recreational attractions via a mass transit system could alleviate many of the transportation issues. Although quite a few organizations are proponents of a mass transit system for the Smokies, there is a lack of coordination among all parties. In addition, many local residents are not completely comfortable with the idea of transit in the Smokies. This document provides a brief overview of the current transportation needs and limitations in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, identifies agencies and groups with particular interests in the Smokies, and offers insights into the benefits of using Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technologies in the Smokies. Recommendations for the use of rural ITS transit to solve two major transportation issues are presented.

  8. Table 2.5 Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures by End...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Space Heating Air Conditioning Water Heating Appliances, 2 Electronics, and Lighting Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 Fuel Oil 4 LPG 5 Total Electricity 3 Natural Gas Elec- tricity ...

  9. Application of satellite and GIS technologies for land-cover and land-use mapping at the rural-urban fringe - A case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Treitz, P.M.; Howarth, P.J.; Gong, Peng )

    1992-04-01

    SPOT HRV multispectral and panchromatic data were recorded and coregistered for a portion of the rural-urban fringe of Toronto, Canada. A two-stage digital analysis algorithm incorporating a spectral-class frequency-based contextual classification of eight land-cover and land-use classes resulted in an overall Kappa coefficient of 82.2 percent for training-area data and a Kappa coefficient of 70.3 percent for test-area data. A matrix-overlay analysis was then performed within the geographic information system (GIS) to combine the land-cover and land-use classes generated from the SPOT digital classification with zoning information for the area. The map that was produced has an estimated interpretation accuracy of 78 percent. Global Positioning System (GPS) data provided a positional reference for new road networks. These networks, in addition to the new land-cover and land-use map derived from the SPOT HRV data, provide an up-to-date synthesis of change conditions in the area. 51 refs.

  10. Establishment and persistence of common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) in disturbed soil as a function of an urban-rural macro-enviornment.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis H. Ziska, Kate George, David A. Frenz

    2007-01-01

    No data are available on whether rising carbon dioxide concentration [CO2] or increased air temperature can alter the establishment and persistence of common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) within a plant community following soil disturbance. To determine ragweed longevity, we exposed disturbed soil with a common seed bank population to an in situ temperature and [CO2] gradient along an urban-rural transect beginning in early 2002. No other consistent differences in meteorological variables (e.g. wind speed, humidity, PAR, tropospheric ozone) as a function of urbanization were documented over the course of the study (2002-2005). Above-ground measurements of biomass over this period demonstrated that ragweed along the transect responded to urban induced increases in [CO2]/temperature with peak biomass being observed at this location by the end of 2003. However, by the Fall of 2004, and continuing through 2005, urban ragweed populations had dwindled to a few plants. The temporal decline in ragweed populations was not associated with increased disease, herbivory or auto-allelopathy, but was part of a demographic reduction in the total number of annual plant species observed for the urban location. In a separate experiment, we showed that such a demographic shift is consistent with CO2/temperature induced increases in biomass and litter accumulation, with a subsequent reduction in germination / survival of annual plant species. Overall, these data indicate that [CO2]/temperature differences associated with urbanization may increase initial ragweed productivity and pollen production, but suggest that long-term, multi-year persistence of ragweed in the urban macro-environment may be dependent on other factors.

  11. Kotzebue Wind Project III | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kotzebue Wind Project III Facility Kotzebue Wind Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Kotzebue Elec. Assoc. Developer Kotzebue...

  12. Cimarron Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Twitter: @CimarronElec Facebook: https:www.facebook.comprofile.php?refname&id100000678310273 Outage Hotline: (800) 375-4121 References: EIA Form EIA-861...

  13. District of Columbia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (District of Columbia) Glacial Energy Holdings (District of Columbia) Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia) Integrys Energy Services, Inc. (District...

  14. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    (B20 and above) CNG Compressed Natural Gas E85 Ethanol (E85) ELEC Electric HY Hydrogen LNG Liquefied Natural Gas LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) stationname Type:...

  15. Callaway Electric Cooperative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Missouri Phone Number: (573) 642-3326 Website: www.callawayelectric.com Twitter: @CallawayElec Facebook: http:www.facebook.comCallawayElectric Outage Hotline:...

  16. Awardee AwardeeHeadquarters RecoveryFunding TotalValue Tech Inc...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    City South Dakota Black Hills Colorado Elec Utility Co LP Pueblo Colorado City of Burbank Water and Power California Utility Company Burbank California Center for the...

  17. Effects of Feedback on Residential Electricity Consumption: A...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    none of which were elec- trically heated; each had an electric stove, dryer, dishwasher, and water heater. The researchers installed 24-h chart recorders in each residence...

  18. Colman, South Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc. Smart Grid Project Utility Companies in Colman, South Dakota Sioux Valley SW Elec Coop References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor civil division...

  19. Wells Rural Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2008-12 450 5,260 4,212 330 4,670 812 2,211 58,610 122 2,991 68,540 5,146 2008-11 333 3,666 4,204 300 4,110 816 2,211 58,562 121 2,844 66,338 5,141 2008-10 303 3,259 4,196 288...

  20. Franklin Rural Electric Cooperative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cooperative Place: Iowa Phone Number: 641-456-2557 Website: www.franklinrec.coop Outage Hotline: 800-750-3557 Outage Map: www.iowarec.orgoutages References: EIA Form...

  1. Local Option- Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial renewable energy property in these zones are eligible for a 3 to 5 year local property tax exemption. Eligible property includes either wind, geothermal, solar, biomass, or other uncon...

  2. Rural Utilities Service | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Directory Contacts.png http:www.rd.usda.govcontact-usstate-offices Cite error: tags exist, but no tag was found Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  3. Rural Electric Conven Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.recc.coop Twitter: @RECCAuburnIL Facebook: https:www.facebook.comRECC.Auburn?refsearch&sid100000351831275.1405275847..1 Outage Hotline: (217) 438-6197 Outage Map:...

  4. Agriculture Rural Energy Enterprise Development (AREED) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biomass, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency Topics Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, Finance Website http:...

  5. Rural Electric Cooperatives Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (REC) and one municipal electric cooperative in the state of Iowa. They are: Clarke Electric Cooperative Consumers Energy Cooperative East-Central Iowa REC Eastern Iowa Light and...

  6. Rural Cooperative Geothermal Development Electric & Agriculture

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    can do when they work together *A catalyst for many similar opportunities in the area *Demonstrate local ... low-cost 2-Meter soil temperature probes to develop ...

  7. Rural Minnesota Energy Board PACE Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note:  In 2010, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), which has authority over mortgage underwriters Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, directed these enterprises against purchasing mortgages of...

  8. Butler Rural Electric Cooperative- Residential Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Water heater rebates are realized by customers through reduced purchase prices for Marathon water heaters that are either installed in new construction homes, or that replace a fossil fuel water ...

  9. Rural Business Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Unsecured loans from $2,500 to $30,000 are available at a fixed interest rate of 4% under this program. Loans will be fully amortized over a term of two to seven years, not to exceed the...

  10. Notices ADDRESSES: National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    agenda may change to accommodate EAC business. For EAC agenda updates, see the EAC Web site at: http:energy.govoeservices electricity-advisory-committee-eac. Public...

  11. Federated Rural Electric Assn | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Assn Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 8003213520 Website: www.federatedrea.coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comfederated Outage Hotline: 5078473520 References: EIA...

  12. Licking Rural Electric Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TheEnergyCooperative Outage Hotline: (888)-535-5732 Outage Map: ebill.theenergycoop.comomsou References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data...

  13. Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2,249 29,829 36 9,584 103,979 46,297 2008-06 4,410 46,896 36,906 2,369 23,264 9,411 2,132 29,437 35 8,911 99,597 46,352 2008-05 3,064 31,017 36,753 2,003 18,992 9,413 2,020...

  14. Illinois Rural Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Illinois Phone Number: (800) 468-4732 or (217) 742-3128 Website: www.e-co-op.com Twitter: @1936coop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comillinoisruralelectric Outage...

  15. Decentralized Rural Electrification: the Critical Success Factors...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    which are more context-specific on: Financing Institutional support Ownership Management Local Participation Energy Management Standards Market References http:...

  16. Electrochemical arsenic remediation for rural Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addy, Susan Amrose

    2009-01-01

    Arsenic in drinking water is a major public health problem threatening the lives of over 140 million people worldwide. In Bangladesh alone, up to 57 million people drink arsenic-laden water from shallow wells. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation(ECAR) overcomes many of the obstacles that plague current technologies and can be used affordably and on a small-scale, allowing for rapid dissemination into Bangladesh to address this arsenic crisis. In this work, ECAR was shown to effectively reduce 550 - 580 mu g=L arsenic (including both As[III]and As[V]in a 1:1 ratio) to below the WHO recommended maximum limit of 10 mu g=L in synthetic Bangladesh groundwater containing relevant concentrations of competitive ions such as phosphate, silicate, and bicarbonate. Arsenic removal capacity was found to be approximately constant within certain ranges of current density, but was found to change substantially between ranges. In order of decreasing arsenic removal capacity, the pattern was: 0.02 mA=cm2> 0.07 mA=cm2> 0.30 - 1.1 mA=cm2> 5.0 - 100 mA=cm2. Current processing time was found to effect arsenic removal capacity independent of either charge density or current density. Electrode polarization studies showed no passivation of the electrode in the tested range (up to current density 10 mA=cm2) and ruled out oxygen evolution as the cause of decreasing removal capacity with current density. Simple settling and decantation required approximately 3 days to achieve arsenic removal comparable to filtration with a 0.1 mu m membrane. X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) showed that (1) there is no significant difference in the arsenic removal mechanism of ECAR during operation at different current densities and (2) the arsenic removal mechanism in ECAR is consistent with arsenate adsorption onto a homogenous Fe(III)oxyhydroxide similar in structure to 2-line ferrihydrite. ECAR effectively reduced high arsenic concentrations (100 - 500 mu g=L) in real Bangladesh tube well water collected from three regions to below the WHO limit of 10 mu g=L. Prototype fabrication and field testing are currently underway.

  17. Benton BENTON RURAL ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION R E

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Norman: Subject: Benton REA Board of Trustees Determination Regarding Tiered Rate Methodology, BPA 20 Year Long Term Contracts and Other Matters. For the past two years, the...

  18. Benton BENTON RURAL ELECTRIC ASSOCIATION R E

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rates are more troubling. They include: * The cost of shifting from a known and proven business model to an undeveloped, unproven model that is extremely complicated will...

  19. Kansas wind program stimulates rural economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Students in the Wind for Schools’ projects will get a leg-up on the competition when competing for green jobs when they graduate.

  20. Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy: Technologies, quality...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.ruralelec.orgfileadminDATADocuments06PublicationsARETECHNOL Cost: Free Language: English This publication aims to give eve- ryone, from the general public to...

  1. Rural Living Canada Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentrural-living-canada-website Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible...

  2. Chapter 39 - Acquisition of Information Technology | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9 - Acquisition of Information Technology Chapter 39 - Acquisition of Information Technology PDF icon 39.1AcquisitionofInformationResources0.pdf PDF icon 39.2GuidanceonElec...

  3. Cass County Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Twitter: @CassCountyElec Facebook: https:www.facebook.comCassCountyElectric Outage Hotline: 701-356-4499 or 1-888-277-4424 Outage Map: outage.kwh.com References: EIA...

  4. doi:10.1016/j.cpc.2008.02.011

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a region interspersed with a magnetic field, an elec- tromotive force (EMF) is induced. ... The driving term F models the counter-rotating impellers as they are used in the ...

  5. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    than one may apply) Elec- tricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat District Chilled Water Propane Other a All Buildings* ... 4,645 4,414 4,404 2,391...

  6. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    than one may apply) Elec- tricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat District Chilled Water Propane Other a All Buildings* ... 64,783 63,343 63,307...

  7. CarBen_Operators_Manual_-_9-27-10_Final_Draft

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Source Data o ER: Emissions Reduction Case o Ref: Reference Case o Res: Residential Module o Com: Commercial Module o Ind: Industrial Module o Elec: Electricity Module o Trans:...

  8. Waste Heat Utilization System Income Tax Deduction (Personal)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Waste heat utilization system means facilities and equipment for the recovery of waste heat generated in the process of generating electricity and the use of such heat to generate additional elec...

  9. Waste Heat Utilization System Income Tax Deduction (Corporate)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Waste heat utilization system means facilities and equipment for the recovery of waste heat generated in the process of generating electricity and the use of such heat to generate additional elec...

  10. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    task to migrate the Joint Nuclear Weapons Publications Sys- tem (JNWPS) from paper media to interactive elec- THE PEN-X PROJECT explored two aspects of a conceptual cruise...

  11. Oklahoma Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Coop Inc Place: Oklahoma Phone Number: 1-405-321-2024 Website: www.okcoop.org Twitter: @okcoop Facebook: https:www.facebook.comOklaElec Outage Hotline: 405-321-2024...

  12. Category:Atlantic City, NJ | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Atlantic City NJ Public Service Elec & Gas Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 63 KB SVMidriseApartment...

  13. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wheeler Elec Member Corp","Cooperative",1562763,588686,292390,681687,0 5,"Baldwin County El Member Corp","Cooperative",1271089,833798,437291,0,0 " ","Total sales, top five...

  14. Property:Awardee | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Utility Co. Smart Grid Project + Black HillsColorado Elec.Utility Co. LP + Burbank Water and Power Smart Grid Project + City of Burbank Water and Power, California (Utility...

  15. Buying an Energy-Efficient Electric Motor

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... of Electrical and Elec- tronics Engineers (IEEE ) 112 Method B, which uses a dynamometer ... uses bands of efficiency values based on IEEE 112 testing. 4. When should I consider ...

  16. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    123 YESNO. PHOTVL8 Photovoltaic cells used to generate elec 125- 125 YESNO. FUELCL8 Fuel cells used to generate electricity 127- 127 YESNO. MCROTB8 Microturbines used to...

  17. Survey of Productive Uses of Electricity in Rural Areas | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    English The objective of the assignment is to survey and summarize the published literature as well as informal knowledge about the experience with promoting productive uses of...

  18. Iowa: Geothermal System Creates Jobs, Reduces Emissions in Rural...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    geothermal wells in order to install a closed-loop geothermal heating and cooling system. ... The district geothermal system is designed to be scalable, so that more buildings can be ...

  19. Mongolia Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    legislation for grid-connected renewable energy systems; and (a) support for project management, monitoring and evaluation, and assistance in the institutional development of...

  20. National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Demonstrati...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    will be centralized for all sites and include studies on total demand, distributed energy resources, peak pricing, customer appliance control, and self-healing technologies for...

  1. Agency for Non conventional Energy and Rural Technology ANERT...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    agency responsible for identification, promotion and development of non-conventional energy sources. Coordinates: 8.50838, 76.94773 Show Map Loading map......

  2. Cumberland Valley Rural E C C (Tennessee) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Twitter: @CVECoop Facebook: https:ebill.cumberlandvalley.coopwoViewermapviewer.html?configOutage+Web+Map Outage Hotline: 800-513-2677 Outage Map: ebill.cumberlandvalley.c...

  3. Obama Administration's Rural Tour Stops in Western Alaska | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Zanesville, OH, to discuss green jobs and a new energy economy, with a focus on renewable energies. AUGUST 17TH Secretaries Arne Duncan and Tom Vilsack will travel to Hamlet,...

  4. South Kentucky Rural Electric Cooperative Corporation Smart Grid...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Communications Meter Data Management System Customer Web Portal Access Up to 500 In-Home DisplaysEnergy Management Systems About 7,500 Direct Load Control Devices Targeted...

  5. Energy resources and technologies for rural third world countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parate, N.S.

    1983-12-01

    This paper examines the various energy sources, renewable and nonrenewable, in the context of developing and industrialised countries. Particular experiences and technical data are mentioned regarding the United States' experience in this area and the Public Utilities Commissions of various states. The author has gathered various technical information on energy generation and public policies on energy issues while associated with the Public Utility Commission as a staff member and having testified as expert witness in a number of electric energy rate cases in Pennsylvania, North Carolina and West Virginia. This paper surveys the available alternate energy technologies to meet the energe needs at the village level, with particular reference to their application in Pakistan. This paper concludes after analysing the various energy choices as to the resources, policies and energy education development. The author has proposed small workshops at the high school level for students and teachers, based on the same concepts developed by the Department of Energy. Development of advanced research and cooperation in ''renewable energy resources'' through A.I.D. programs is recommended.

  6. Fact #902: December 7, 2015 Rural versus Urban Vehicle Miles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    46,996 Louisiana 41.4% 58.6% 47,758 Maine 72.4% 27.6% 14,129 Maryland 18.6% 81.4% 56,688 Massachusetts 4.6% 95.4% 56,311 Michigan 29.5% 70.5% 95,132 Minnesota 40.9% 59.1%...

  7. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVArea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    meter,square meters,Square Meter,Square Meters,Sq. Meters,SQUARE METERS Square Kilometers - 0.000001 km,km2,km2,square kilometer,square kilometers,square km,square...

  8. Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative - Commercial Energy Efficiency...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    water heater installed, additional 25 bonus if electric dryer installed Energy Star Television: 50 Appliance Recycling: 25 - 50 Custom Measures: Varies, contact Linn County...

  9. Rural Energy Services Best Practices | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Energy Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Implementation Resource Type Lessons learnedbest practices Website http:www.sari-energy.orgPro Country Bangladesh,...

  10. Successful Rural Wind Program in Peru | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    a daily electricity supply. It's helping boost their educational chances, improve communication and facilitate the setting up of businesses. The NGO is hoping to expand in South...

  11. USD 373 Walton Rural Life Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - Yankton School District Wind Project

  12. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    areas of a particular place. Use this type to express a quantity of energy. The default unit for energy on OpenEI is the Kilowatt hour (kWh), which is 3,600,000 Joules. http:...

  13. Property:PotentialRuralUtilityScalePVCapacity | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    express potential electric energy generation, such as Nameplate Capacity. The default unit is megawatts (MW). For spatial capacity, use property Volume. Acceptable units (and...

  14. ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Grid Assessment and Integration Topics Co-benefits assessment,...

  15. The Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Benefits AgencyCompany Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access...

  16. Rural electrification: Waste biomass Russian northern territories. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adamian, S.

    1998-02-01

    The primary objective of this pre-feasibility evaluation is to examine the economic and technical feasibility of replacing distillate fuel with local waste biomass in the village of Verkhni-Ozerski, Arkhangelsk Region, Russia. This village is evaluated as a pilot location representing the off-grid villages in the Russian Northern Territories. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has agreed to provide technical assistance to the Ministry of Fuel and Energy (MFE). MFE has identified the Northern Territories as a priority area requiring NREL`s assistance. The program initially affects about 900 off-grid villages. Biomass and wind energy, and to a lesser extent small hydro (depending on resource availability) are expected to play the dominant role in the program, Geothermal energy may also have a role in the Russian Far East. The Arkhangelsk, Kariela, and Krasnoyarsk Regions, all in the Russian Northern Territories, have abundant forest resources and forest products industries, making them strong candidates for implementation of small-scale waste biomass-to-energy projects. The 900 or so villages included in the renewable energy program span nine administrative regions and autonomous republics. The regional authorities in the Northern Territories proposed these villages to MFE for consideration in the renewable energy program according to the following selection criteria: (a) Remote off-grid location, (b) high cost of transporting fuel, old age of existing power generation equipment, and (d) preliminary determination as to availability of alternative energy resources. Inclusion of indigenous minorities in the program was also heavily emphasized. The prefeasibility study demonstrates that the project merits continuation and a full feasibility analysis. The demonstrated rate of return and net positive cash flow, the willingness of Onegales and local/regional authorities to cooperate, and the immense social benefits are all good reasons to continue the project.

  17. Financing Climate Adaptation and Mitigation in Rural Areas of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    as Appendix I. Given the multitude of foreign assistance projects and the evolving nature of this work, the Appendix is by no means comprehensive. However, it may be useful as...

  18. Northwest Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 13805 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location WECC NERC MRO Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  19. Adams Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    861 Data Utility Id 118 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  20. Sussex Rural Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 40299 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  1. Northeastern Rural E M C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 20603 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  2. Union Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 19501 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes This...

  3. Loup Valleys Rural P P D | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Data Utility Id 11250 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  4. QER- Comment of National Rural Electric Cooperative Association 4

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NRECA is submitting additional comments to supplement the one previously filed on October 3rd. Please let me know if you have any questions.

  5. Equitable Access: Remote and Rural Communities 'Transport Needs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Available Website: www.internationaltransportforum.orgjtrcDiscussionPapersDP201119.pdf Web Application Link: www.internationaltransportforum.orgjtrcDiscussionPapers...

  6. USDA Offers Renewable Energy Feasibility Studies for Rural Businesses...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    by the 2008 Farm Bill, the program is only available to biorefineries that were in existence when the bill was enacted on June 18, 2008. Lincolnway Energy started making ethanol...

  7. Senegal-GTZ Programme to Promote Rural Electrification and a...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in producing and marketing their products, and also promotes companies which produce alternative fuels from waste materials and reeds. This lightens the workload of women, who...

  8. Darke Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Website: darkerec.com Outage Hotline: 1-800-776-5612 Outage Map: ebill.darkerec.comomsoutageM References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861...

  9. Licking Valley Rural E C C | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Phone Number: 606-743-3179 or 1-800-596-6530 Website: lvrecc.com Twitter: @LVRECC Facebook: https:twitter.comLVRECC Outage Hotline: (606) 743-7500 or Long Distance:...

  10. South Kentucky Rural Electric Coop Corp (Tennessee) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electric Coop Corp Place: Tennessee Phone Number: 800-772-4636 Website: www.skrecc.com Twitter: @skrecc Facebook: https:www.facebook.compagesSouth-Kentucky-RECC...

  11. Meghalaya Non Conventional and Rural Energy Development Agency...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Development Agency Place: Shillong, Meghalaya, India Zip: 793012 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: India-based state nodal agency to promote renewable energy. Coordinates:...

  12. Wells Rural Electric Co (Utah) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 46 519 490 71 957 210 55 979 5 172 2,455 705 2009-02 52 607 492 69 1,045 211 46 797 5 167 2,449 708 2009-01 57 672 490 77 1,053 211 51 899 5 185...

  13. Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  14. Proyecto de Energias Renovables en Mercados Rurales | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    de los centros de distribucin de energa. El PERMER es un proyecto de alto contenido social, cuyos objetivos son atender al mejoramiento de la calidad de vida de las...

  15. MARBIDCO Rural Business Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Fund

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maryland Agricultural & Resource-Based Industry Development Corporation (MARBIDCO) offers low interest loan to help improve energy efficiency of agricultural operations and other resource based...

  16. Resources and Opportunities: 2015 Rural Utilities Study Under...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Authority, NREL 31796 Minto Upgrades Community Lodge with START Support Ruth Gilila and Norma Williams of Akiak Power Utilities. Alaska Energy in Action: Akiak Reaps Benefits of...

  17. Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (Woodruff) serves customers in seven eastern Arkansas counties. The proportion of residents living in poverty in those counties is more than double the national average. ...

  18. FROM: Keith Dennis, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    standards for large (>55 gallon) residential electric storage water heaters used in demand response and thermal energy storage programs (Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-STD-0022). ...

  19. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Communities Location of project Papua New Guinea Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Space heating, Cooling, Information and communications, Earning a living...

  20. Rural Energy: A Practical Primer for Productive Applications...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ticalPrimerforProducti Cost: Free Language: English This is part of a series of straightforward and practical (rather than an academic) papers by leading experts and presented...

  1. Commercial Ethanol Turns Dross to Dollars for Rural Iowans

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu Sept. 23 announced the Department finalized a $105 million loan guarantee to support the development of one of the nation's first commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plants.

  2. Exhaust Heat Recovery for Rural Alaskan Diesel Generators

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

  3. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition,...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... (i.e., multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis), CrossMark ... lupus erythematosus, and type 1 diabetes have been rarely described in PNG ...

  4. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition,...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. ... Woods Hole, MA (United States) Papua New Guinea Inst. of Medical Research, Goroka, ...

  5. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3 Table 2.5 Household 1 Energy Consumption and Expenditures by End Use, Selected Years, 1978-2005 Year Space Heating Air Conditioning Water Heating Appliances, 2 Electronics, and Lighting Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 Fuel Oil 4 LPG 5 Total Electricity 3 Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 Fuel Oil 4 LPG 5 Total Natural Gas Elec- tricity 3 LPG 5 Total Consumption (quadrillion Btu) 1978 4.26 0.40 2.05 0.23 6.94 0.31 1.04 0.29 0.14 0.06 1.53 0.28 1.46 0.03 1.77 1980 3.41 .27 1.30 .23 5.21 .36 1.15 .30 .22

  6. Linkages of DOE'S Energy Storage R & D to Batteries and Ultracapacitor...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... U S A B CA b us e T es t P r oc ed ur es Manual T es t s for elec t r oc h emi c al s t ... Merck Patent Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Moltech Power Systems, Inc. Morgan ...

  7. Microsoft Word - PBII Plenary Paper.doc

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... E2.3:25. 3 S. Qin, Y. Zhou, and C. Chan, IEEE Trans. of Plasma Sci. 27 (1999) 766-771. ... Instrum. & Methods B 55 (1991) 898-901. 25 41 C. Yu and N. W. Cheung, IEEE Elec. Dev. ...

  8. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tracy, Jennifer; Alstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

    2010-06-21

    In this study, we performed a market trial of off-grid LED lighting products in Maai Mahiu, arural Kenyan town. Our goals were to assess consumer demand and consumer preferences with respect to off-grid lighting systems and to gain feedback from off-grid lighting users at the point of purchase and after they have used to products for some time.

  9. New Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Rural Development, Greenfield, Massachusetts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2013-09-01

    This builder worked with Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings to design affordable HERS-8 homes (60 w/o PV), with double-stud walls heavy insulation, low-load sealed-combustion gas space heaters, triple-pane windows, solar water heating, and PV

  10. EIS-0300: Minnesota Agri-Power Project: Biomass for Rural Development, Granite Falls, Minnesota

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes DOE and the Minnesota Environmental Quality Boards' [MEQB, a Minnesota State agency] decision to support a proposal by the Minnesota Valley Alfalfa Producers (MnVAP) to construct and operate a 75–103 megawatt biomass fueled gasifier and electric generating facility, known as the Minnesota Agri-Power Plant (MAPP), and associated transmission lines and alfalfa processing facilities.

  11. Rural migration in Nevada: Lincoln County. Phase 1, 1992--1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soden, D.L.; Carns, D.E.; Mosser, D.; Conary, J.S.; Ansell, J.P.

    1993-12-31

    The principal objective of this project was to develop insight into the scope of migration of working age Nevadans out of their county of birth; including the collection of data on their skill levels, desire to out or in-migrate, interactions between families of migratory persons, and the impact that the proposed high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca mountain might have on their individual, and collective, decisions to migrate and return. The initial phase of this project reported here was conducted in 1992 and 1993 in Lincoln County, Nevada, one of the counties designated as ``affected`` by the proposed repository program. The findings suggest that a serious out-migration problem exists in Lincoln County, and that the Yucca mountain project will likely affect decisions relating to migration patterns in the future.

  12. Best Practices Case Study: Rural Development, Inc., Wisdom Way Solar Village, Greenfield, MA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-12-01

    Wisdom Way Solar Village is an appropriate moniker for the 20-unit community of energy-efficient duplexes in Greenfield, MA. The homes meet the requirements of the U.S. Department of Energys Builders Challenge, achieving HERS scores of 8 to 18 by packing energy efficiency features into the compact, heavily insulated homes and adding solar water heating and photovoltaics on top, to net home owners energy cost savings of at least $2,500 per year per home.

  13. "Table HC8.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... of Programmable Thermostats" "Reduces Temperature During Day" "Yes",18.6,7.4,3.3,5.2,2.7 "No",14.5,6.4,2.1,3.3,2.7 "Reduces Temperature at Night" "Yes",21.5,8.5,3.6,6,3.4 ...

  14. Removing Arsenic from Contaminated Drinking Water in Rural Bangladesh: Recent Fieldwork Results and Policy Implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna L.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Addy, Susan E.A.

    2009-09-17

    ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) has proven effective at removing high concentrations of arsenic from drinking water in Bangladesh. During fieldwork in four sub-districts of the country, ARUBA reduced arsenic levels ranging from 200 to 900 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate--bottom ash from coal fired power plants--is a waste material readily available in South Asia. In comparison to similar technologies, ARUBA uses less media for arsenic removal due to its high surface area to volume ratio. Hence, less waste is produced. A number of experiments were conducted in Bangladesh to determine the effectiveness of various water treatment protocols. It was found that (1) ARUBA removes more than half of the arsenic from water within five minutes of treatment, (2) ARUBA, that has settled at the bottom of a treatment vessel, continues to remove arsenic for 2-3 days, (3) ARUBA's arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through sequential partial dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once), and (4) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic levels ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well. Our findings imply a number of tradeoffs between ARUBA's effective arsenic removal capacity, treatment system costs, and waste output. These tradeoffs, some a function of arsenic-related policies in Bangladesh (e.g., waste disposal regulations), must be considered when designing an arsenic removal system. We propose that the most attractive option is to use ARUBA in communityscale water treatment centers, installed as public-private partnerships, in Bangladeshi villages.

  15. Rural Alaska Coal Bed Methane: Application of New Technologies to Explore and Produce Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David O. Ogbe; Shirish L. Patil; Doug Reynolds

    2005-06-30

    The Petroleum Development Laboratory, University of Alaska Fairbanks prepared this report. The US Department of Energy NETL sponsored this project through the Arctic Energy Technology Development Laboratory (AETDL) of the University of Alaska Fairbanks. The financial support of the AETDL is gratefully acknowledged. We also acknowledge the co-operation from the other investigators, including James G. Clough of the State of Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys; Art Clark, Charles Barker and Ed Weeks of the USGS; Beth Mclean and Robert Fisk of the Bureau of Land Management. James Ferguson and David Ogbe carried out the pre-drilling economic analysis, and Doug Reynolds conducted post drilling economic analysis. We also acknowledge the support received from Eric Opstad of Elko International, LLC; Anchorage, Alaska who provided a comprehensive AFE (Authorization for Expenditure) for pilot well drilling and completion at Fort Yukon. This report was prepared by David Ogbe, Shirish Patil, Doug Reynolds, and Santanu Khataniar of the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and James Clough of the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Survey. The following research assistants, Kanhaiyalal Patel, Amy Rodman, and Michael Olaniran worked on this project.

  16. "Table HC8.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Turned Off",43.6,18.2,7.4,9.3,8.6 "Manually Put into Sleep Mode",19.4,6.9,3.3,5.3,3.9 "CPU Goes to Sleep When PC is Left On" "Yes",9.1,3.6,1.3,2.6,1.7 ...

  17. Rural biogas technology: effect of digester pressure on gas rate and composition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamad, M.A.; Abdel, Dayem, A.M.; El-Halwagi, M.M.

    1983-01-01

    The effect of digester pressure on gas rate and composition was studied using an experimental Chinese-type digester of 5 m/sup 3/ volume. Water buffalo dung was used as feedstock and was fermented at 40 days retention time. The increase in digester pressure was accompanied by a decrease in the amount of biogas produced. However, this decrease was partially compensated for by the increase in methane content. The latter may be attributed to the transfer of carbon dioxide from the gas phase to the liquid phase. The remainder of the noted decrease in the obtained gas amount was related to the increase of the nonconfined amount of slurry in the outlet chamber. Thus, it can be concluded that the initial amount of gas liberated was not a direct consequence of varying the digester pressure. A modified design for the outlet chamber is proposed. Such modification is anticipated to decrease the gas losses, partially stabilize the gas pressure and accordingly increase the efficiency of the digester operation as well as the gas combustion process.

  18. Opportunities for Small Geothermal Projects: Rural Power for Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vimmerstedt, L.

    1998-11-30

    The objective of this report is to provide information on small geothermal project (less than 5 MW) opportunities in Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Philippines. This overview of issues facing small geothermal projects is intended especially for those who are not already familiar with small geothermal opportunities. This is a summary of issues and opportunities and serves as a starting point in determining next steps to develop this market.

  19. Appropriate technologies for basic energy needs in rural India. Working paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, R.

    1980-02-01

    The objectives of this study were to: estimate the total village energy requirement for domestic needs; determine energy potential available from biogas, wind, solar, mini-hydroelectric, and low temperature wood carbonization sources; identify suitable plant design for these sources and estimate costs; and recommend the most economic and efficient form from each source for the village. Energy use patterns were determined and reported, and technological options listed. There are no conclusions; the report is to be used to study options to determine the best ones for a particular circumstance.

  20. Impacts of alternative residential energy standards - Rural Housing Amendments Study, Phase 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balistocky, S.; Bohn, A.A.; Heidell, J.A.; Hendrickson, P.L.; Lee, A.D.; Pratt, R.G.; Taylor, Z.T.

    1985-11-01

    This report has examined the role of manufactured housing in the housing market, the energy impacts of three manufactured housing standards and three site-built standards in 13 cities, and the economic impacts of those standards in 6 cities. The three standards applied to manufactured housing are the HUD Title VI standard (Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards, or MHCSS), the Hud Title II-E standard, and the existing FmHA Title V standard. Those applied to site-built homes are the HUD Minimum Property Standards (MPS), the ASHRAE 90A-80 standard, and the FmHA Title V standard. Based on energy consumption alone, these analyses show that the FmHA Title V standard is the most stringent standard for both housing types (a single-section menufactured home and a single-story detached ''ranch house''). The HUD Title VI standard is the least stringent for manufactured homes, while the HUD Minimum Property Standards are the least stringent for site-built homes. Cost-effectiveness comparisons required by the Act were made for the two prototypical homes. Results of this preliminary economic analysis indicate that none of the site-built standards reflect minimum life-cycle cost as a basic criterion of their development. For manufactured homes, both the FmHA standard and the HUD Title II-E standard reduce life-cycle cost and effect positive first-year cash flows in all cities analyzed when electric resistance heating is assumed. When natural gas heating is used, both standards pass the life-cycle cost test in all cities, but the FmHA standard fails the cash flow test in all but one city. However, in the worst case, net monthly expenditures in the first year are increased by less than $9.

  1. Biomass power for rural development. Quarterly report, January 1, 1997--April 1, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, J.T.

    1997-05-01

    The following information summarizes the major areas of project activities accomplished during the last quarter. Activities addressing conversion technology have been geared towards gathering information and drawing comparisons to specific project need. Of major benefit was the trip taken to Denmark by Project Manager, Edward Woolsey. The first section of this report provides an overview of his experiences and findings. As a follow up to this trip, representatives from Iowa State University and from IES Utilities will also visit some of these facilities. Their information will be included in the next report. At the supply development level, the RC&D has been working to identify and organize producers of swithgrass. A major accomplishment has been the formation of the Prairie Lands Bio-Products group. This association will explore different business structures that energy crop producers can use to supply biomass and to effectively market their materials to the energy industry. Thus, the group will begin to interact with IES in the next few months to determine how the supplier and the utility must interact to establish a working relationship and to efficiently provide biomass as a boiler fuel. Other major areas of focus for the group will be the development and implementation of risk management strategies to overcome income loss and allow acreage increases during market development. These strategies include the development of niche markets for swithgrass, the use of CRP lands, and outside sources of cost share for establishment.

  2. An Energy Model for a Low Income Rural African Village | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AgencyCompany Organization: Howells, Alfstad, Victor, Goldstein and Remme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, People and...

  3. DOE Targets Rural Indiana Geologic Formation for CO2 Storage Field Test

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A U.S. Department of Energy team of regional partners has begun injecting 8,000 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) to evaluate the carbon storage potential and test the enhanced oil recovery (EOR) potential of the Mississippian-aged Clore Formation in Posey County, Ind.

  4. The Gut Microbiota of Rural Papua New Guineans: Composition, Diversity Patterns, and Ecological Processes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Martínez, Inés; Stegen, James C.; Maldonado-Gómez, Maria X.; Eren, A. Murat; Siba, Peter M.; Greenhill, Andrew R.; Walter, Jens

    2015-04-01

    Comparisons between the fecal microbiota of humans from industrialized and non-industrialized communities indicate a pronounced impact of westernization on the diversity and composition of the human gut microbiota. However, the exact consequences of westernization on community characteristics are still insufficiently understood, and the ecological processes that drive differences have not been elucidated. Here we have compared the fecal microbiota of adults from two non-industrialized regions in Papua New Guinea (PNG) with that of United States (US) residents. Papua New Guineans harbor communities with greater bacterial diversity but lower inter-individual variation. Although the fecal microbiota in PNG and US was largelymore » dominated by shared bacterial lineages, the relative abundance of 25 families, 45 genera, and 230 species-level OTUs differed, and 47 core OTUs in PNG were undetectable in US residents. To gain insight into the ecological mechanisms that cause the observed differences, we quantified community assembly processes in PNG and US microbiomes using a null modeling approach. This analysis demonstrated a significant higher rate of bacterial dispersal in PNG and divergent selective environments in the US. Interestingly, equivalent findings were obtained for other datasets comparing industrialized and non-industrialized microbiomes. Overall, the findings demonstrate a dominant role for microbial dispersal in shaping the human gut microbiota in non-industrialized societies, and point to differential selection pressures across individuals as a major factor shaping microbiomes associated with modern lifestyle.« less

  5. appguideformatWeb.pub

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Wind energy has been used since the earliest civilization to grind grain, pump water from deep wells, and power sailboats. Wind- mills in pre-industrial Europe were used for many things, including irrigation or drainage pumping, grain-grinding, saw-milling of timber, and the processing of other commodities such as spices, cocoa, paints and dyes, and tobacco. Before the U.S. installed an infrastructure of electricity wires, both water-pumping windmills and small wind elec- tric turbines

  6. Modifications and Optimization of the Organic Rankine Cycle

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Modifications and Optimization of the Organic Rankine Cycle Improved Recovery of Waste Heat in Industrial Processes Introduction Waste heat from turbines and engines used in industrial ap- plications along with waste heat from industrial processes are exceptionally abundant sources of energy. If even a fraction of this waste heat could be economically converted to useful elec- tricity, it would have a tangible and very positive impact on the economic health, energy consumption, and carbon

  7. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Jersey" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Public Service Elec & Gas Co","Investor-owned",19192403,11493325,6936055,763023,0 2,"Jersey Central Power & Lt Co","Investor-owned",9947655,7417321,2298350,231984,0 3,"Direct Energy Business Marketing,

  8. NRELs Energy-Saving Technology for Air Conditioning Cuts Peak Power Loads Without Using Harmful Refrigerants (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DEVAP Slashes Peak Power Loads Desiccant-enhanced evaporative (DEVAP) air-condi- tioning will provide superior comfort for commercial buildings in any climate at a small fraction of the elec- tricity costs of conventional air-conditioning equip- ment, releasing far less carbon dioxide and cutting costly peak electrical demand by an estimated 80%. Air conditioning currently consumes about 15% of the electricity generated in the United States and is a major contributor to peak electrical demand on

  9. Critical Materials Strategy Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Critical Materials Strategy Summary 2010 T he United States is on the cusp of a clean energy rev- olution. In its first Critical Materials Strategy, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) focuses on materials used in four clean energy technologies: wind turbines, elec- tric vehicles, solar cells and energy-efficient lighting (Table 1). The Strategy evaluates the extent to which widespread deployment of these technologies may increase worldwide demand for rare earth elements and certain other

  10. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 Executive Summary

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Executive Summary In the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct), Con- gress directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study every three years on elec- tric transmission congestion and constraints within the Eastern and Western Interconnections. The American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) further directed the Secretary to in- clude in the 2009 Congestion Study an analysis of significant potential sources of renewable energy that are constrained by lack of adequate

  11. USDA Grant Program Creates Opportunities for Alaska Natives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    State USDA Rural Development Office announces FY14 Rural Business Enterprise Grants; submission deadline is April 10.

  12. Impact of Increasing Distributed Wind Power and Wind Turbine Siting on Rural Distribution Feeder Voltage Profiles: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, A.; Zhang, Y. C.; Hodge, B. M.

    2013-09-01

    Many favorable wind energy resources in North America are located in remote locations without direct access to the transmission grid. Building transmission lines to connect remotely-located wind power plants to large load centers has become a barrier to increasing wind power penetration in North America. By connecting utility-sized megawatt-scale wind turbines to the distribution system, wind power supplied to consumers could be increased greatly. However, the impact of including megawatt-scale wind turbines on distribution feeders needs to be studied. The work presented here examined the impact that siting and power output of megawatt-scale wind turbines have on distribution feeder voltage. This is the start of work to present a general guide to megawatt-scale wind turbine impact on the distribution feeder and finding the amount of wind power that can be added without adversely impacting the distribution feeder operation, reliability, and power quality.

  13. Economic Development Benefits of the Mars Hill Wind Farm, Wind Powering America Rural Economic Development, Case Study (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-06-01

    This case study summarizes the economic development benefits of the Mars Hill Wind Farm to the community of Mars Hill, Maine. The Mars Hill Wind Farm is New England's first utility-scale wind farm.

  14. Chinese biogas digester: a potential model for small-scale, rural applications (a manual for construction and operation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakagawa, C.H.; Honquilada, Q.L.

    1985-07-01

    This report gives a thorough description of a Philippine biogas project. It provides basic knowledge and guidance for the construction and operation of a small-scale family-size biogas unit. The report includes benefits of installation and a general overview of the construction process: structural features/considerations, planning/preparation, site consideration and operation and maintenance provisions. Contains numerous sketches, design diagrams, appendices and a reference bibliography.

  15. Displacement of diesel fuel with wind energy in rural Alaskan villages. Final progress and project closeout report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meiners, Dennis; Drouhilet, Steve; Reeve, Brad; Bergen, Matt

    2002-03-11

    The basic concept behind this project was to construct a wind diesel hybrid power system which combines and maximizes the intermittent and variable energy output of wind turbine(s) with diesel generator(s) to provide continuous high quality electric power to weak isolated mini-grids.

  16. Low cost supplemental, wind-heating for rural buildings. Final report, 1 October 1981-31 September 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-11-14

    To obtain the supplemental electric heat, a cheap electric generator or alternator is needed to provide the electricity. Used or rebuilt car alternators are plentiful and relatively cheap. A car alternator requires at least a thousand rpm to operate, but the windmill rotor turns much slower. To obtain the necessary rpm's a 26 inch bicycle wheel, as a pulley for a V-belt, was mounted to the bottom of the rotor. The wheel drove a 4 inch pulley mounted to an 8 inch pulley. The 8 inch then drove the alternator by a second V-belt for a net speed step up of 13:1. The dc for the alternator field came from a 12 V bicycle generator and a full wave bridge. When done right, the bicycle generator does not excite the field until there is sufficient wind (and not before, which would stall-out the rotor). A windmill and car alternator system is basically unstable. The system is always overshooting or undershooting that stable rpm which would match wind speed to rotor rpm to alternator rpm, so that wind energy input just matches electrical heat energy output. The first techniques used to gain stability is shown in Figure 3. It essentially used three separate stages of either type I or II to switch in resistive loads in successive stages. For example, at low wind speeds, the alternator voltage would be low and none of the stages would turn on. As wind speed increased the alternator voltage would increase with the result that the first stage would turn on providing heat. The most successful circuit is shown in Figure 4. It had the advantages of: identical stages using commonly and easily attainable parts; in the field it was very easy to determine and adjust the cut-in threshold of each stage; the diodes not only acted as a heating load themselves; but the diodes also provided automatic overspeed braking by ''short circuiting'' the alternator which causes a steep increase in alternator drag.

  17. Biomass power for rural development. Technical progress report Phase-II. Contractual reporting period October-December 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, Edward; The Salix Consortium

    2000-03-23

    The project undertaken by the Salix Consortium is a multi-phased, multi-partner endeavor. Phase 1 focused on initial development and testing of the technology and forging the necessary agreements to demonstrate commercial willow production. The Phase 1 objectives have been successfully completed: preparing design plans for 2 utility pulverized coal boilers for 20 MW of biopower capacity; developing fuel supply plans for the project with a goal of establishing 365 ha (900 ac) of willow; obtaining power production commitments from the power companies for Phase 2; obtaining construction and environmental permits; and developing an experimental strategy for crop production and power generation improvements needed to assure commercial success. The R and D effort also addresses environmental issues pertaining to introduction of the willow energy system.

  18. Richard Gerber Helen He, Zhengji Zhao, Chris Daley NUG Monthly

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gerber Helen He, Zhengji Zhao, Chris Daley NUG Monthly Meeting --- 1 --- NUG M onthly M ee-ng October 2 , 2 014 Agenda * Hopper and Edison Status Updates * ERCAP ( Alloca-ons) U pdate * Queue C ommiIee T opics * NUGEX Elec-ons * NUG 2 015 M ee-ng P lanning * Mini---Seminar: S teps t o i mprove t he p erformance o f a h ydrodynamics a pplica-on o n t he I ntel M IC architecture --- 2 --- Edison Update" Zhengji Zhao, User Services --- 3 --- Edison Updates * 9/25 7 :30 P DT --- 9 /28 1 :30 P

  19. Richard Gerber, Lisa Gerhardt, Harvey Wasserman, Helen He, Scott French, Zhengji

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lisa Gerhardt, Harvey Wasserman, Helen He, Scott French, Zhengji Zhao NUG Monthly Meeting --- 1 --- NUG M onthly M ee-ng September 11, 2014 Agenda * Hopper a nd E dison U -liza-on, B acklog, a nd Q ueue Waits * Edison memory replacement: down-me 9/25/14---9/29/14 * Carver S L6 O S u pgrade a nd C HOS * Hopper apsched e rrors * Update o n t he N ESAP p rogram a nd N ERSC A pplica-on Readiness f or C ori ( NERSC---8) * Dirac a nd C arver r e-rement r eminder * NUGEX Elec-ons * Mini---Seminar: P

  20. Word Pro - S12

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9 Table 12.4 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide a ) Coal Coal Coke Net Imports Natural Gas b Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity g Total h Distillate Fuel Oil c Kero- sene LPG d Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline e Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other f Total 1973 Total .................... 371 -1 536 106 11 44 7 18 52 144 100 483 515 1,904 1975 Total .................... 336 2 440 97 9 39 6 16 51 117 97 431 490 1,697 1980 Total

  1. Word Pro - S12

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review February 2016 Table 12.5 Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide a ) Coal Natural Gas b Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity f Total g Aviation Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil c Jet Fuel LPG d Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline e Residual Fuel Oil Total 1973 Total ........................ (s) 39 6 163 152 3 6 886 57 1,273 2 1,315 1975 Total ........................ (s) 32 5 155

  2. Word Pro - S2

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9 Table 2.6 Electric Power Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Fossil Fuels Nuclear Electric Power Renewable Energy b Elec- tricity Net Imports e Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum Total Hydro- electric Power d Geo- thermal Solar/ PV Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total ...................... 2,199 651 472 3,322 0 1,346 NA NA NA 5 1,351 6 4,679 1955 Total ...................... 3,458 1,194 471 5,123 0 1,322 NA NA NA 3 1,325 14 6,461 1960 Total

  3. Word Pro - S2

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3 Table 2.3 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Elec- tricity Retail Sales f Electrical System Energy Losses g Total Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy b Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum d Total Hydro- electric Power e Geo- thermal Solar/ PV Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................... 1,542 401 872 2,815 NA NA NA NA 19 19 2,834 225 834 3,893 1955 Total .................... 801 651 1,095 2,547 NA NA NA NA 15 15 2,561 350 984 3,895 1960 Total

  4. Word Pro - S2

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    5 Table 2.4 Industrial Sector Energy Consumption (Trillion Btu) Primary Consumption a Elec- tricity Retail Sales g Electrical System Energy Losses h Total e Fossil Fuels Renewable Energy b Total Primary Coal Natural Gas c Petro- leum d Total e Hydro- electric Power f Geo- thermal Solar/ PV Wind Bio- mass Total 1950 Total .................... 5,781 3,546 3,960 13,288 69 NA NA NA 532 602 13,890 500 1,852 16,241 1955 Total .................... 5,620 4,701 5,123 15,434 38 NA NA NA 631 669 16,103 887

  5. 2014 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Residential

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Residential (Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A & 4D and EIA-861S) Entity State Ownership Customers (Count) Sales (Megawatthours) Revenues (Thousands Dollars) Average Price (cents/kWh) Alaska Electric Light&Power Co AK Investor Owned 14,115 141,151 16,728.0 11.85 Alaska Power and Telephone Co AK Investor Owned 5,328 24,116 7,301.0 30.27 Alaska Village Elec Coop, Inc AK Cooperative 7,869 35,665 21,188.0 59.41 Anchorage Municipal Light and Power AK Municipal 24,429 133,411 21,435.0

  6. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 Table 10.5 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Fuel Consumption, 1992-2010 Year Alternative and Replacement Fuels 1 Liquefied Petroleum Gases Compressed Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Methanol, 85 Percent (M85) 3 Methanol, Neat (M100) 4 Ethanol, 85 Percent (E85) 3,5 Ethanol, 95 Percent (E95) 3 Elec- tricity 6 Hydro- gen Other Fuels 7 Subtotal Oxygenates 2 Bio- diesel 10 Total Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether 8 Ethanol in Gasohol 9 Total Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use

  7. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7 Table 11.2c Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1 ) Year Coal Coal Coke Net Imports Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity 8 Total 2 Biomass 2 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Kero- sene LPG 5 Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline 6 Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other 7 Total Wood 9 Waste 10 Fuel Ethanol 11 Total 1949 500 -1 166 41 18 3 3 16 8 95 25 209 120 995 44 NA NA 44 1950 531 (s) 184 51 20 4 3 18 8 110

  8. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Table 11.2d Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1 ) Year Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity 7 Total 2 Biomass 2 Aviation Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Jet Fuel LPG 5 Lubricants Motor Gasoline 6 Residual Fuel Oil Total Fuel Ethanol 8 Biodiesel Total 1949 161 NA 12 30 NA (s) 4 306 91 443 6 611 NA NA NA 1950 146 7

  9. Table 10.5 Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Fuel Consumption, 1992-2010

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Estimated Number of Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use and Fuel Consumption, 1992-2010 Year Alternative and Replacement Fuels 1 Liquefied Petroleum Gases Compressed Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Methanol, 85 Percent (M85) 3 Methanol, Neat (M100) 4 Ethanol, 85 Percent (E85) 3,5 Ethanol, 95 Percent (E95) 3 Elec- tricity 6 Hydro- gen Other Fuels 7 Subtotal Oxygenates 2 Bio- diesel 10 Total Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether 8 Ethanol in Gasohol 9 Total Alternative-Fueled Vehicles in Use 11

  10. Table 11.2c Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide )

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    c Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Industrial Sector, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1) Year Coal Coal Coke Net Imports Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity 8 Total 2 Biomass 2 Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Kero- sene LPG 5 Lubri- cants Motor Gasoline 6 Petroleum Coke Residual Fuel Oil Other 7 Total Wood 9 Waste 10 Fuel Ethanol 11 Total 1949 500 -1 166 41 18 3 3 16 8 95 25 209 120 995 44 NA NA 44 1950 531 (s) 184 51 20 4 3 18 8 110 26 239 140 1,095 50 NA NA 50

  11. Table 11.2d Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide )

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    d Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Energy Consumption: Transportation Sector, 1949-2011 (Million Metric Tons of Carbon Dioxide 1) Year Coal Natural Gas 3 Petroleum Retail Elec- tricity 7 Total 2 Biomass 2 Aviation Gasoline Distillate Fuel Oil 4 Jet Fuel LPG 5 Lubricants Motor Gasoline 6 Residual Fuel Oil Total Fuel Ethanol 8 Biodiesel Total 1949 161 NA 12 30 NA (s) 4 306 91 443 6 611 NA NA NA 1950 146 7 14 35 NA (s) 5 332 95 481 6 640 NA NA NA 1951 129 11 18 42 NA (s) 6 360 102 529 7 675 NA NA NA

  12. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Alaska" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Golden Valley Elec Assn Inc","Cooperative",1253161,286768,133156,833237,0 2,"Chugach Electric Assn Inc","Cooperative",1162364,534522,573447,54395,0 3,"Anchorage Municipal Light and Power","Public",1047470,139733,907737,0,0

  13. Released: June 2006

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0. Cooling Energy Sources, Number of Buildings and Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)",,,,,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Build- ings*","Build- ings with Cooling","Cooling Energy Sources (more than one may apply)",,,"All Build- ings*","Build- ings with Cooling","Cooling Energy Sources (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural

  14. b22.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Released: Dec 2006 Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007 Elec- tricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat District Chilled Water Propane Other a All Buildings* .................................. 4,645 4,414 4,404 2,391 451 67 33 502 132 Table B22. Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Number of Buildings (thousand) Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply) All Buildings* Buildings Using Any Energy Source Number of Workers (main shift) Fewer than 5

  15. NUG Teleconference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NUG Teleconference Dec. 2012 --- 1 --- December 4 , 2 012 NUG Teleconference Dec. 2012 * System status update * Edison update * ERCAP / A lloca?ons u pdate * Brief h ello f rom n ew N ERSC D irector Sudip D osanjh * NUGEX elec?ons * Role o f N UGEX m embers * NUG f ace---to---face m ee?ng i n F ebruary * Recap o f H EP r equirements m ee?ng N ov. 2 7---28 - FES M arch 1 9---20, 2 013 --- 2 --- System Status Update * No Hopper outages since scheduled maintenance on Nov. 13 * Only 1 ( 2?) C arver

  16. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE","YEAR","MONTH","RES_REV (Thousand $)","RES_SALES (

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1998,1,4908,24636,4694,29431,1351,11643,1370,5978,12322,71688 213,"Alaska Electric Light&Power Co","AK",1998,1,1430,14868,354,3934,363,4986,459,6435,2606,30223 599,"Anchorage Mun Light and Power","AK",1998,1,1536,16776,4633,63484,0,0,103,993,6272,81253 3522,"Chugach Electric Assn, Inc.","AK",1998,1,5237,53636,3662,48363,171,2657,110,629,9180,105285 7353,"Golden Valley Elec Assn,

  17. Recent Development of SOFC Metallic Interconnect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu JW, Liu XB

    2010-04-01

    Interest in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) stems from their higher eciencies and lower levels of emitted pollu- tants, compared to traditional power production methods. Interconnects are a critical part in SOFC stacks, which connect cells in series electrically, and also separate air or oxygen at the cathode side from fuel at the anode side. Therefore, the requirements of interconnects are the most demanding, i:e:, to maintain high elec- trical conductivity, good stability in both reducing and oxidizing atmospheres, and close coecient of thermal expansion (CTE) match and good compatibility with other SOFC ceramic components. The paper reviewed the interconnect materials, and coatings for metallic interconnect materials.

  18. Renewable Energy: Bringing New Opportunities to Indian Country

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In rural communities across the country, USDA Rural Development is bringing new energy efficiency and cost saving opportunities to Indian Country.

  19. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Agricultural Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Linn County Rural Electric...

  20. Carbon Offsets for Forestry and Bioenergy: Researching Opportunities...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Researching Opportunities for Poor Rural Communities Jump to: navigation, search Name Carbon Offsets for Forestry and Bioenergy: Researching Opportunities for Poor Rural...

  1. Energy Department and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural Communities Energy Department and USDA Partner to Support Energy Efficiency in Rural Communities February 28, 2013 - 9:45am...

  2. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rural Electric Cooperative- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Linn County Rural Electric Cooperative Association (Linn County RECA) is a member-owned cooperative....

  3. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lighting Usage Indicators by UrbanRural Location, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"UrbanRural Location (as Self-Reported)" ,"Housing Units (millions)" "Lighting Usage ...

  4. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    CaulkingWeather-stripping, DuctAir sealing, Building Insulation, Windows, Doors Butler Rural Electric Cooperative- Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program Butler Rural...

  5. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DuctAir sealing, Building Insulation, Windows, Other EE, Personal Computing Equipment Butler Rural Electric Cooperative- Energy Efficiency Improvement Loan Program Butler Rural...

  6. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Water Heating Characteristics by UrbanRural Location, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"UrbanRural Location (as Self-Reported)" ,"Housing Units (millions)" "Water Heating ...

  7. Alaska Natives Benefit from First-Ever Community Energy Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    "Rural Alaska is facing an energy crisis that makes rural community and regional economic development very difficult," said Sonny Adams of NANA Regional Corporation (NANA), who ...

  8. 2013,1,"AK",3522,"Chugach Electric Assn Inc",0,,,,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,0

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    STATE_CODE","UTILITY_ID","UTILNAME","RESIDENTIAL_GPREVENUES","COMMERCIAL_GPREVENUES","INDUSTRIAL_GPREVENUES","TRANS_GPREVENUES","TOTAL_GPREVENUES","RESIDENTIAL_GPGENERATION","COMMERCIAL_GPGENERATION","INDUSTRIAL_GPGENERATION","TRANS_GPGENERATION","TOTAL_GPGENERATION","RESIDENTIAL_GPCUSTOMERS","COMMERCIAL_GPCUSTOMERS","INDUSTRIAL_GPCUSTOMERS","TRANS_GPCUSTOMERS","TOTAL_GPCUSTOMERS" 2013,1,"AK",3522,"Chugach Electric Assn Inc",0,,,,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,0 2013,1,"AL",195,"Alabama Power Co",2.507,0.063,,,2.57,55.7,1.4,,,57.1,628,12,,,640 2013,1,"AL",4958,"Decatur Utilities",0.14,0.1,0,0,0.24,5.25,3.75,0,0,9,19,1,0,0,20 2013,1,"AL",6422,"City of Florence - (AL)",0.368,0,0,0,0.368,13.8,0,0,0,13.8,50,0,0,0,50 2013,1,"AL",9094,"City of Huntsville - (AL)",8.632,1.64,0,0,10.272,323.7,61.5,0,0,385.2,1022,4,0,0,1026 2013,1,"AL",9739,"Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp",0.188,0,0,0,0.188,7.05,0,0,0,7.05,20,0,0,0,20 2013,1,"AR",14063,"Oklahoma Gas & Electric Co",0.314,0.222,0.029,0,0.565,86.294,63.454,8.333,0,158.081,88,1,1,0,90 2013,1,"AZ",803,"Arizona Public Service Co",8.198,35.475,,,43.673,2049.62,8868.77,,,10918.39,2739,85,,,2824 2013,1,"AZ",16572,"Salt River Project",,5.429,,,5.429,,502,,,502,,8,,,8 2013,1,"AZ",19189,"Trico Electric Cooperative Inc",0.01,,,,0.01,0.25,,,,0.25,3,,,,3 2013,1,"AZ",19728,"UNS Electric, Inc",1.471,0.077,,,1.548,44.83,2.74,,,47.57,248,7,,,255 2013,1,"AZ",24211,"Tucson Electric Power Co",18.123,2.247,0.399,,20.769,657.86,173.23,5.3,,836.39,2619,62,2,,2683 2013,1,"CA",11208,"Los Angeles Department of Water & Power",64.746,109.462,0.47,,174.678,2158.218,3648.722,15.676,,5822.616,16536,614,28,,17178 2013,1,"CA",12745,"Modesto Irrigation District",0.122,,,,0.122,0.639,,,,0.639,1,,,,1 2013,1,"CA",14328,"Pacific Gas & Electric Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0 2013,1,"CA",14354,"PacifiCorp",5.272,0.451,0.016,0,5.739,274.699,23.147,0.8,0,298.646,1223,38,2,0,1263 2013,1,"CA",14534,"City of Pasadena - (CA)",16.888,14.845,0,0,31.733,675.458,593.795,0,0,1269.253,1043,53,0,0,1096 2013,1,"CA",16534,"Sacramento Municipal Util Dist",219.094,7.646,63.401,,290.141,33465.982,771.746,7565.049,,41802.777,53171,1423,646,,55240 2013,1,"CA",17612,"Bear Valley Electric Service",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"CA",18260,"Surprise Valley Electrificatio",0.045,0,0,0,0.045,1.8,0,0,0,1.8,9,0,0,0,9 2013,1,"CA",19281,"Turlock Irrigation District",0.015,,0.122,,0.137,2.99,,24.36,,27.35,6,,1,,7 2013,1,"CO",3989,"City of Colorado Springs - (CO)",2.513,0.654,,,3.167,235.6,33.8,,,269.4,743,16,,,759 2013,1,"CO",6604,"City of Fort Collins - (CO)",19.565,9.057,11.83,0,40.452,858.504,397.43,587.373,0,1843.307,1257,95,3,0,1355 2013,1,"CO",9336,"Intermountain Rural Elec Assn",0.418,,,,0.418,29,,,,29,43,,,,43 2013,1,"CO",12866,"Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc",0.036,,,,0.036,1.92,,,,1.92,4,,,,4 2013,1,"CO",15257,"Poudre Valley R E A, Inc",0.436,0.036,1.399,0,1.871,484.511,40.533,1554.178,0,2079.222,636,17,1,0,654 2013,1,"CO",15466,"Public Service Co of Colorado",277.472,142.981,,,420.453,12851.359,6623.167,,,19474.526,29441,788,,,30229 2013,1,"CO",16603,"San Luis Valley R E C, Inc",0.3,0.06,0.604,,0.964,75.1,15,151,,241.1,175,5,2,,182 2013,1,"CO",19499,"United Power, Inc",0.47,0.05,1.43,,1.95,527,50.4,1586.8,,2164.2,357,6,8,,371 2013,1,"CT",4176,"Connecticut Light & Power Co",181.909,23.844,0.747,0,206.5,19710.744,2410.9,75.421,0,22197.065,21408,371,7,0,21786 2013,1,"CT",7716,"Groton Dept of Utilities - (CT)",0.065,,,,0.065,5.9,,,,5.9,15,,,,15 2013,1,"CT",19497,"United Illuminating Co",41.54,,,,41.54,4237.62,,,,4237.62,5933,,,,5933 2013,1,"CT",20038,"Town of Wallingford - (CT)",1.688,0.113,0,0,1.801,153.447,10.274,0,0,163.721,230,4,0,0,234 2013,1,"DE",5070,"Delaware Electric Cooperative",0.059,,,,0.059,29.6,,,,29.6,35,,,,35 2013,1,"DE",13519,"City of Newark - (DE)",0.367,0,0,0,0.367,1751,0,0,0,1751,269,0,0,0,269 2013,1,"FL",18454,"Tampa Electric Co",13.23,2.89,0,0,16.12,529.2,115.6,0,0,644.8,2215,28,0,0,2243 2013,1,"GA",3408,"City of Chattanooga - (TN)",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"GA",3916,"Cobb Electric Membership Corp",1.029,0.026,0.443,,1.498,30.881,0.765,13.3,,44.946,151,3,1,,155 2013,1,"GA",7140,"Georgia Power Co",27.42,16.46,22.46,,66.34,670,1430,2346,,4446,4107,44,6,,4157 2013,1,"GA",9601,"Jackson Electric Member Corp - (GA)",2.282,0.075,0.646,0,3.003,76.05,3,25.84,0,104.89,507,2,2,0,511 2013,1,"IA",9417,"Interstate Power and Light Co",45.4,2.9,,,48.3,5570.9,144.7,,,5715.6,6107,568,,,6675 2013,1,"ID",9191,"Idaho Power Co",10.229,5.453,0.017,,15.699,1203,642,2,,1847,2034,67,2,,2103 2013,1,"ID",11273,"Lower Valley Energy Inc",0.105,,,,0.105,9.006,,,,9.006,23,,,,23 2013,1,"ID",14354,"PacifiCorp",4.106,0.431,0.002,0,4.539,211.627,23.68,0.1,0,235.407,1167,27,1,0,1195 2013,1,"ID",20169,"Avista Corp",3.747,0.748,0,0,4.495,1124.1,224.4,0,0,1348.5,965,40,0,0,1005 2013,1,"IN",9273,"Indianapolis Power & Light Co",6.442,0.571,14.835,,21.848,4294.886,380.52,9890.167,,14565.573,4170,129,24,,4323 2013,1,"IN",15470,"Duke Energy Indiana Inc",8.128,,,,8.128,406.5,,,,406.5,1309,,,,1309 2013,1,"KS",10000,"Kansas City Power & Light Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"KS",10005,"Kansas Gas & Electric Co",0.131,,,,0.131,13.1,,,,13.1,35,,,,35 2013,1,"KS",22500,"Westar Energy Inc",0.12,0.022,1.1,0,1.242,12,2.2,110,,124.2,37,1,1,,39 2013,1,"KY",10171,"Kentucky Utilities Co",2.69,0.085,0.004,0,2.779,795,25,1,0,821,536,18,1,0,555 2013,1,"KY",11249,"Louisville Gas & Electric Co",4.55,0.12,0,0,4.67,1330,38,0,0,1368,926,11,0,0,937 2013,1,"KY",14724,"Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop",0.212,0,0,0,0.212,7.95,0,0,0,7.95,37,0,0,0,37 2013,1,"KY",17564,"South Kentucky Rural E C C",0.539,0.003,,,0.542,19.6,0.1,,,19.7,172,1,,,173 2013,1,"KY",19446,"Duke Energy Kentucky",0.507,,,,0.507,47.6,,,,47.6,116,,,,116 2013,1,"KY",20130,"Warren Rural Elec Coop Corp",0.088,0.02,0,0,0.108,3.3,0.75,0,0,4.05,14,1,0,0,15 2013,1,"MA",11804,"Massachusetts Electric Co",74.761,2.618,0.018,0,77.397,3332.112,103.699,0.717,0,3436.528,5179,199,3,0,5381 2013,1,"MA",13206,"Nantucket Electric Co",0.342,0.243,0,0,0.585,13.526,9.159,0,0,22.685,31,8,0,0,39 2013,1,"MI",3828,"Cloverland Electric Co-op",0.1,,,,0.1,10.858,,,,10.858,36,,,,36 2013,1,"MI",4254,"Consumers Energy Co",41,14,7,,62,41,1817,88,,1946,14389,114,3,,14506 2013,1,"MI",5109,"The DTE Electric Company",97,5,18,0,120,4283,225,887,0,5395,23341,113,25,0,23479 2013,1,"MI",10704,"City of Lansing - (MI)",2.922,0.818,0.007,0,3.747,97.5,27.25,0.25,0,125,390,109,1,0,500 2013,1,"MI",13780,"Northern States Power Co",0.091,,,,0.091,7.595,,,,7.595,15,,,,15 2013,1,"MI",19578,"Upper Peninsula Power Co",0.613,0,0,0,0.613,25.55,0,0,0,25.55,119,0,0,0,119 2013,1,"MI",20847,"Wisconsin Electric Power Co",2.14,0.091,0,0,2.231,71,3,0,0,74,275,5,0,0,280 2013,1,"MI",20860,"Wisconsin Public Service Corp",0.073,0.005,0,0,0.078,4.7,0.3,0,0,5,17,1,0,0,18 2013,1,"MN",689,"Connexus Energy",1.807,0.092,5.968,0,7.867,371.7,15,978.296,0,1364.996,471,3,1,0,475 2013,1,"MN",5574,"East Central Energy",1.255,0.07,0,0,1.325,313.8,17.6,0,0,331.4,894,24,0,0,918 2013,1,"MN",9417,"Interstate Power and Light Co",4.2,0.1,,,4.3,556.5,5.3,,,561.8,549,55,,,604 2013,1,"MN",12647,"Minnesota Power Inc",2.843,0.608,,,3.451,113.7,22.3,,,136,618,16,,,634 2013,1,"MN",13781,"Northern States Power Co - Minnesota",299.015,244.218,,,543.233,8470.68,6918.365,,,15389.045,20885,240,,,21125 2013,1,"MN",14232,"Otter Tail Power Co",0.767,1.078,0,0,1.845,59,82.9,0,0,141.9,263,32,0,0,295 2013,1,"MN",16181,"Rochester Public Utilities",0.165,0.074,0,0,0.239,47.042,18.417,0,0,65.459,66,1,0,0,67 2013,1,"MN",20996,"Wright-Hennepin Coop Elec Assn",0.334,8.149,,,8.483,33.4,814.9,,,848.3,79,1,,,80 2013,1,"MN",25177,"Dakota Electric Association",2.238,0.059,1.557,,3.854,559.5,14.8,389.2,,963.5,1365,82,22,,1469 2013,1,"MO",4675,"Cuivre River Electric Coop Inc",0.943,0.035,,,0.978,37.7,1.4,,,39.1,142,2,,,144 2013,1,"MO",10000,"Kansas City Power & Light Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"MO",12698,"KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Co.",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"MO",17833,"City Utilities of Springfield - (MO)",0.842,0.13,0,0,0.972,35.7,7.9,0,0,43.6,149,8,0,0,157 2013,1,"MO",19436,"Union Electric Co - (MO)",71.2,,,,71.2,4748,,,,4748,6868,,,,6868 2013,1,"MS",6641,"4-County Electric Power Assn",0.204,0,0,0,0.204,7.65,0,0,0,7.65,25,0,0,0,25 2013,1,"MS",12686,"Mississippi Power Co",0.02,,,,0.02,0.4,,,,0.4,2,,,,2 2013,1,"MS",19273,"City of Tupelo - (MS)",0.04,1,0,0,1.04,1.5,37.5,0,0,39,5,1,0,0,6 2013,1,"MT",6395,"Flathead Electric Coop Inc",1.63,,,,1.63,326,,,,326,326,,,,326 2013,1,"MT",12825,"NorthWestern Energy LLC - (MT)",1.952,3.266,0,0,5.218,97.6,163.3,0,0,260.9,307,19,0,0,326 2013,1,"MT",20997,"Yellowstone Valley Elec Co-op",0.02,,,,0.02,0.5,,,,0.5,12,,,,12 2013,1,"NC",3046,"Progress Energy Carolinas Inc",19.469,0.904,0.096,,20.469,486.729,36.16,3.84,,526.729,3298,83,2,,3383 2013,1,"NC",5416,"Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC",32.928,8.54,,,41.468,823.2,213.5,,,1036.7,5901,179,,,6080 2013,1,"NC",6235,"Public Works Comm-City of Fayetteville",0.308,0,0,0,0.308,7.7,0,0,0,7.7,57,0,0,0,57 2013,1,"NC",9837,"Jones-Onslow Elec Member Corp",0.196,,,,0.196,4.9,,,,4.9,49,,,,49 2013,1,"NC",16496,"Rutherford Elec Member Corp",0.14,,,,0.14,3.5,,,,3.5,24,,,,24 2013,1,"NC",24889,"Brunswick Electric Member Corp",0.329,0,0,0,0.329,8.225,0,0,0,8.225,71,0,0,0,71 2013,1,"ND",12087,"McKenzie Electric Coop Inc",0.001,,,,0.001,0.1,,,,0.1,1,,,,1 2013,1,"ND",14232,"Otter Tail Power Co",0.511,0.12,0,0,0.631,39.321,9.2,0,0,48.521,195,14,0,0,209 2013,1,"NH",13441,"New Hampshire Elec Coop Inc",1.689,0.057,0,0,1.746,56.3,1.9,0,0,58.2,236,7,0,0,243 2013,1,"NH",15472,"Public Service Co of NH",2.406,0.47,0.105,0,2.981,101.332,46.972,3.798,0,152.102,158,9,2,0,169 2013,1,"NH",24590,"Unitil Energy Systems",0.463,0.004,0,0,0.467,14.438,0.065,0,0,14.503,25,1,0,0,26 2013,1,"NH",26510,"Granite State Electric Co",1.135,0.074,,,1.209,29.382,2.324,,,31.706,103,7,,,110 2013,1,"NJ",963,"Atlantic City Electric Co",6.266,1.458,0,0,7.724,477.501,79.252,0,0,556.753,771,12,0,0,783 2013,1,"NJ",16213,"Rockland Electric Co",1.784,0.006,0,0,1.79,131.281,0.667,0,0,131.948,119,1,0,0,120 2013,1,"NM",5701,"El Paso Electric Co",0.671,2.023,0,0,2.694,11.5,64.6,0,0,76.1,62,15,0,0,77 2013,1,"NM",6204,"City of Farmington - (NM)",0.035,0,0,0,0.035,1.9,0,0,0,1.9,6,0,0,0,6 2013,1,"NM",11204,"Los Alamos County",0.885,0.052,,,0.937,157.6,11.039,,,168.639,3333,10,,,3343 2013,1,"NM",15473,"Public Service Co of NM",21.724,4.901,1.134,0,27.759,5172.37,1166.87,269.91,0,6609.15,12248,464,3,0,12715 2013,1,"NM",17718,"Southwestern Public Service Co",12.153,1.439,,,13.592,405.088,47.982,,,453.07,827,91,,,918 2013,1,"NV",13073,"Mt Wheeler Power, Inc",0.12,0.002,,,0.122,6.2,0.1,,,6.3,21,1,,,22 2013,1,"NY",11171,"Long Island Power Authority",11.169,1.617,,,12.786,409,587,,,996,540,140,,,680 2013,1,"NY",13511,"New York State Elec & Gas Corp",100.211,4.478,1.008,,105.697,4048,213,47,,4308,14873,255,6,,15134 2013,1,"NY",13573,"Niagara Mohawk Power Corp.",103.04,2.12,1.06,0,106.22,5970,123,62,0,6155,8045,166,83,0,8294 2013,1,"NY",16183,"Rochester Gas & Electric Corp",37.822,0.735,,,38.557,1535.1,40.692,,,1575.792,5567,73,,,5640 2013,1,"OH",3542,"Duke Energy Ohio Inc",2.756,,,,2.756,275.6,,,,275.6,634,,,,634 2013,1,"OH",14006,"Ohio Power Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"OK",7490,"Grand River Dam Authority",0,0,54.776,,54.776,0,0,13694,,13694,0,0,1,,1 2013,1,"OK",13734,"Northeast Oklahoma Electric Co",0.218,0.004,0,0,0.222,26.6,0.5,0,0,27.1,152,3,0,0,155 2013,1,"OK",14062,"Oklahoma Electric Coop Inc",0.824,0,0,0,0.824,164.9,0,0,0,164.9,1649,0,0,0,1649 2013,1,"OK",14063,"Oklahoma Gas & Electric Co",171.747,317.054,16.633,0,505.434,7733.377,19106.41,1935.612,0,28775.399,9681,837,38,0,10556 2013,1,"OK",15474,"Public Service Co of Oklahoma",15.434,0.336,0,0,15.77,457.587,9.634,0,0,467.221,673,8,0,0,681 2013,1,"OR",1738,"Bonneville Power Administration",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"OR",6022,"City of Eugene - (OR)",23.141,12.428,0,0,35.569,2226,1153,0,0,3379,2443,246,0,0,2689 2013,1,"OR",9191,"Idaho Power Co",0.093,,,,0.093,11,,,,11,18,,,,18 2013,1,"OR",14354,"PacifiCorp",408.297,81.386,27.237,0,516.92,35002.862,8816.17,3558.931,0,47377.963,41305,1371,65,0,42741 2013,1,"OR",15248,"Portland General Electric Co",806.261,27.751,101.307,0,935.319,76384.997,2622.585,5959.253,0,84966.835,85894,1947,145,0,87986 2013,1,"OR",40437,"Emerald People's Utility Dist",12.284,6.469,0,0,18.753,1535.477,808.62,0,0,2344.097,34,34,0,0,68 2013,1,"PA",14715,"PPL Electric Utilities Corp",2.59,,,,2.59,103.7,,,,103.7,335,,,,335 2013,1,"PA",14940,"PECO Energy Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"RI",13214,"The Narragansett Electric Co",60.105,1.484,0.044,0,61.633,2596.708,58.236,1.626,0,2656.57,4021,102,1,0,4124 2013,1,"SC",1613,"Berkeley Electric Coop Inc",1.317,0.03,0,0,1.347,43.9,0.439,0,0,44.339,333,4,,,337 2013,1,"SC",3046,"Progress Energy Carolinas Inc",0.229,0.028,,,0.257,5.723,1.12,,,6.843,47,2,,,49 2013,1,"SC",5416,"Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC",0.596,0.004,,,0.6,14.9,0.1,,,15,110,1,,,111 2013,1,"SC",14398,"Palmetto Electric Coop Inc",2.034,2.411,2.454,0,6.899,67.8,105.317,81.8,0,254.917,458,30,3,0,491 2013,1,"SC",17539,"South Carolina Electric&Gas Co",1.037,0,226.131,0,227.168,25.925,0,8228.212,0,8254.137,192,0,2,0,194 2013,1,"SC",17543,"South Carolina Public Service Authority",9.441,26.736,0.287,0,36.464,298.9,891.2,9.583,0,1199.683,1600,396,1,0,1997 2013,1,"SD",14232,"Otter Tail Power Co",0.315,0.23,0,0,0.545,8.2,6,0,0,14.2,41,5,0,0,46 2013,1,"SD",20401,"West River Electric Assn Inc",0.034,,,,0.034,17.1,,,,17.1,80,,,,80 2013,1,"TN",727,"Appalachian Electric Coop",0.292,0.1,0,0,0.392,10.95,3.75,0,0,14.7,36,1,0,0,37 2013,1,"TN",2247,"City of Bristol - (TN)",0.192,0.012,0,0,0.204,7.2,0.45,0,0,7.65,18,3,0,0,21 2013,1,"TN",3408,"City of Chattanooga - (TN)",5.912,6.292,0,0,12.204,221.7,235.95,0,0,457.65,816,29,0,0,845 2013,1,"TN",3704,"City of Clarksville - (TN)",0.696,1.74,0,0,2.436,26.1,65.25,0,0,91.35,91,5,0,0,96 2013,1,"TN",3758,"City of Cleveland - (TN)",0.208,0,0,0,0.208,7.8,0,0,0,7.8,34,0,0,0,34 2013,1,"TN",3812,"City of Clinton - (TN)",0.408,0.344,0,0,0.752,15.3,12.9,0,0,28.2,57,5,0,0,62 2013,1,"TN",4624,"Cumberland Elec Member Corp",1.152,0.152,0,0,1.304,43.2,5.7,0,0,48.9,165,7,0,0,172 2013,1,"TN",5399,"Duck River Elec Member Corp",1.324,2.296,0,0,3.62,49.65,86.1,0,0,135.75,175,8,0,0,183 2013,1,"TN",7174,"Gibson Electric Members Corp",0.2,0.1,0,0,0.3,7.5,3.75,0,0,11.25,39,1,0,0,40 2013,1,"TN",7625,"City of Greeneville - (TN)",0.052,0.1,0,0,0.152,1.95,3.75,0,0,5.7,10,1,0,0,11 2013,1,"TN",9777,"Johnson City - (TN)",2.552,0.472,0,0,3.024,95.7,17.7,0,0,113.4,335,8,0,0,343 2013,1,"TN",10421,"Knoxville Utilities Board",19.256,26.664,0,0,45.92,700.5,1262.4,0,0,1962.9,2245,69,0,0,2314 2013,1,"TN",10906,"City of Lenoir - (TN)",3.588,0.212,0,0,3.8,115.35,7.05,0,0,122.4,362,9,0,0,371 2013,1,"TN",12293,"City of Memphis - (TN)",17.07,1.986,4.812,0,23.868,426.75,49.65,120.3,0,596.7,1308,21,3,0,1332 2013,1,"TN",12470,"Middle Tennessee E M C",4.836,0.872,0,0,5.708,181.35,32.7,0,0,214.05,550,13,0,0,563 2013,1,"TN",13216,"Nashville Electric Service",21.372,7.504,0,0,28.876,801.45,281.4,0,0,1082.85,2429,63,0,0,2492 2013,1,"TN",17694,"Southwest Tennessee E M C",0.196,0.02,0,0,0.216,7.35,0.75,0,0,8.1,18,1,0,0,19 2013,1,"TN",19574,"Upper Cumberland E M C",0.392,0.048,0,0,0.44,14.7,1.8,0,0,16.5,29,3,0,0,32 2013,1,"TN",19898,"Volunteer Electric Coop",0.8,0.388,0,0,1.188,30,14.55,0,0,44.55,93,7,0,0,100 2013,1,"TX",5701,"El Paso Electric Co",2.823,0.088,0,0,2.911,79.9,2.5,0,0,82.4,370,6,0,0,376 2013,1,"TX",16604,"City of San Antonio - (TX)",48.654,51.084,0.384,0,100.122,4425.609,5090.967,38.376,0,9554.952,6462,557,1,0,7020 2013,1,"UT",12866,"Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc",0.148,0.022,,,0.17,7.99,1.212,,,9.202,17,1,,,18 2013,1,"UT",13073,"Mt Wheeler Power, Inc",0.021,,,,0.021,1.1,,,,1.1,2,,,,2 2013,1,"UT",14354,"PacifiCorp",158.394,33.901,9.139,0,201.434,8152.211,2846.716,1173.5,0,12172.427,35413,807,25,0,36245 2013,1,"UT",17874,"City of St George",0.084,0,0,0,0.084,2.84,0,0,0,2.84,8,0,0,0,8 2013,1,"VA",733,"Appalachian Power Co",0.221,,,,0.221,14.76,,,,14.76,11,,,,11 2013,1,"VA",17066,"Shenandoah Valley Elec Coop",0.213,0,0,0,0.213,14.246,0,0,0,14.246,12,0,0,0,12 2013,1,"VA",19876,"Virginia Electric & Power Co",166.416,14.353,0.762,0,181.531,12801.234,3064.185,58.615,0,15924.034,15248,226,1,0,15475 2013,1,"VT",7601,"Green Mountain Power Corp",39.65,10.83,0,0,50.48,1068,276,0,0,1344,3998,216,0,0,4214 2013,1,"WA",1738,"Bonneville Power Administration",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,1,"WA",14354,"PacifiCorp",10.666,3.788,0.006,0,14.46,547.74,316.508,0.3,0,864.548,2669,112,3,0,2784 2013,1,"WA",15500,"Puget Sound Energy Inc",334.185,64.655,0,0,398.84,26734.802,9103.828,0,0,35838.63,34030,959,0,0,34989 2013,1,"WA",17470,"Snohomish County PUD No 1",,2.091,,,2.091,,243.95,,,243.95,,16,,,16 2013,1,"WA",18429,"City of Tacoma - (WA)",6.11,2.57,0,0,8.68,509,214,0,0,723,1161,21,0,0,1182 2013,1,"WA",20169,"Avista Corp",9.34,5.835,0.144,0,15.319,2802,1750.5,43.2,0,4595.7,2374,64,2,0,2440 2013,1,"WI",5574,"East Central Energy",0.109,0,0,0,0.109,27.3,0,0,0,27.3,88,0,0,0,88 2013,1,"WI",11479,"Madison Gas & Electric Co",158,111,1,,270,5110,5939,29,,11078,12045,951,9,,13005 2013,1,"WI",13780,"Northern States Power Co",8.698,4.609,,,13.307,634.884,336.445,,,971.329,1277,55,,,1332 2013,1,"WI",20847,"Wisconsin Electric Power Co",166.97,40.3,44.391,0,251.661,9264,2329,3139,0,14732,18251,601,23,0,18875 2013,1,"WI",20856,"Wisconsin Power & Light Co",72.336,8.4,,,80.736,5682.6,417.2,,,6099.8,7122,971,,,8093 2013,1,"WI",20860,"Wisconsin Public Service Corp",13.098,8.448,0,0,21.546,545.77,352,0,0,897.77,1838,56,0,0,1894 2013,1,"WV",733,"Appalachian Power Co",0.011,,,,0.011,0.7,,,,0.7,2,,,,2 2013,1,"WY",3461,"Cheyenne Light Fuel & Power Co",0.291,0.581,,,0.872,8.314,16.6,,,24.914,28,7,,,35 2013,1,"WY",7222,"City of Gillette - (WY)",0.45,0.492,0,0,0.942,30,32.8,0,0,62.8,39,6,0,0,45 2013,1,"WY",11273,"Lower Valley Energy Inc",12.326,4.929,9.552,,26.807,1059.429,504.749,1138.606,,2702.784,1126,387,33,,1546 2013,1,"WY",14354,"PacifiCorp",15.753,0.84,0.903,0,17.496,814.892,43.2,110.8,0,968.892,3839,105,3,0,3947 2013,1,"WY",19156,"Powder River Energy Corp",0.032,0.028,,,0.06,16.2,13.8,,,30,24,2,,,26 2013,1,,99999,"National Total",4792.148,1589.407,655.869,0,7037.424,350819.302,108835.977,66013.422,0,525668.701,603911,18477,1249,0,623637 2013,2,"AL",195,"Alabama Power Co",2.558,0.072,,,2.63,56.85,1.6,,,58.45,634,12,,,646 2013,2,"AL",4958,"Decatur Utilities",0.14,0.1,0,0,0.24,5.25,3.75,0,0,9,19,1,0,0,20 2013,2,"AL",6422,"City of Florence - (AL)",0.36,0,0,0,0.36,13.5,0,0,0,13.5,49,0,0,0,49 2013,2,"AL",9094,"City of Huntsville - (AL)",8.544,1.64,0,0,10.184,320.4,61.5,0,0,381.9,1013,4,0,0,1017 2013,2,"AL",9739,"Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp",0.188,0,0,0,0.188,7.05,0,0,0,7.05,20,0,0,0,20 2013,2,"AR",14063,"Oklahoma Gas & Electric Co",0.279,0.235,0.029,0,0.543,76.151,67.134,8.333,0,151.618,85,2,1,0,88 2013,2,"AZ",803,"Arizona Public Service Co",7.164,40.617,,,47.781,1791.018,10154.21,,,11945.228,2714,84,,,2798 2013,2,"AZ",16572,"Salt River Project",,5.044,,,5.044,,466,,,466,,8,,,8 2013,2,"AZ",19189,"Trico Electric Cooperative Inc",0.01,,,,0.01,0.25,,,,0.25,3,,,,3 2013,2,"AZ",19728,"UNS Electric, Inc",1.387,0.077,,,1.464,43.63,2.74,,,46.37,236,7,,,243 2013,2,"AZ",24211,"Tucson Electric Power Co",15.866,2.383,0.399,,18.648,575.93,180.79,5.3,,762.02,2533,60,2,,2595 2013,2,"CA",11208,"Los Angeles Department of Water & Power",67.077,105.929,0.395,,173.401,2235.918,3530.96,13.174,,5780.052,16512,627,17,,17156 2013,2,"CA",12745,"Modesto Irrigation District",0.116,,,,0.116,0.605,,,,0.605,1,,,,1 2013,2,"CA",14354,"PacifiCorp",5.193,0.449,0.016,0,5.658,267.638,23.03,0.8,0,291.468,1220,38,2,0,1260 2013,2,"CA",14534,"City of Pasadena - (CA)",9.243,6.621,,,15.864,369.68,264.838,,,634.518,567,23,,,590 2013,2,"CA",16534,"Sacramento Municipal Util Dist",194.815,6.859,60.348,,262.022,26474.29,693.025,6049.057,,33216.372,53268,1414,645,,55327 2013,2,"CA",17612,"Bear Valley Electric Service",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,2,"CA",18260,"Surprise Valley Electrificatio",0.03,0,0,0,0.03,1.2,0,0,0,1.2,6,0,0,0,6 2013,2,"CA",19281,"Turlock Irrigation District",0.015,,0.147,,0.162,2.995,,29.36,,32.355,6,,1,,7 2013,2,"CO",3989,"City of Colorado Springs - (CO)",5.488,0.512,10.578,,16.578,532.7,38.8,269.5,,841,1116,13,3,,1132 2013,2,"CO",6604,"City of Fort Collins - (CO)",16.784,10.696,0.557,0,28.037,659.762,420.421,21.875,0,1102.058,1185,92,2,0,1279 2013,2,"CO",9336,"Intermountain Rural Elec Assn",0.418,,,,0.418,30,,,,30,44,,,,44 2013,2,"CO",12866,"Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc",0.066,,,,0.066,3.58,,,,3.58,4,,,,4 2013,2,"CO",15257,"Poudre Valley R E A, Inc",0.421,0.036,1.316,,1.773,467.667,40.533,1462.156,,1970.356,635,17,1,,653 2013,2,"CO",15466,"Public Service Co of Colorado",218.716,126.556,,,345.272,10129.88,5862.309,,,15992.189,29402,784,,,30186 2013,2,"CO",16603,"San Luis Valley R E C, Inc",0.296,0.065,0.604,,0.965,73.9,16.2,151,,241.1,168,12,2,,182 2013,2,"CO",19499,"United Power, Inc",0.47,0.05,2.16,,2.68,520.4,50.5,2401,,2971.9,355,6,8,,369 2013,2,"CT",4176,"Connecticut Light & Power Co",174.364,22.601,0.693,0,197.658,18933.921,2287.732,69.942,0,21291.595,21539,368,10,0,21917 2013,2,"CT",7716,"Groton Dept of Utilities - (CT)",0.065,,,,0.065,5.9,,,,5.9,15,,,,15 2013,2,"CT",19497,"United Illuminating Co",42.21,,,,42.21,4305.87,,,,4305.87,5935,,,,5935 2013,2,"CT",20038,"Town of Wallingford - (CT)",1.547,0.121,0,0,1.668,140.6,11.027,0,0,151.627,228,4,0,0,232 2013,2,"DE",5070,"Delaware Electric Cooperative",0.059,,,,0.059,29.6,,,,29.6,35,,,,35 2013,2,"DE",13519,"City of Newark - (DE)",0.367,0,0,0,0.367,1751,0,0,0,1751,269,0,0,0,269 2013,2,"FL",18454,"Tampa Electric Co",13.18,2.88,0,0,16.06,527.2,115.2,0,0,642.4,2206,26,0,0,2232 2013,2,"GA",3408,"City of Chattanooga - (TN)",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,2,"GA",3916,"Cobb Electric Membership Corp",0.907,0.023,0.4,,1.33,27.202,0.69,12.013,,39.905,151,3,1,,155 2013,2,"GA",7140,"Georgia Power Co",27.53,17,22.46,,66.99,672,1431,2346,,4449,4122,42,6,,4170 2013,2,"GA",9601,"Jackson Electric Member Corp - (GA)",2.282,0.075,0.544,0,2.901,76.05,3,21.768,0,100.818,507,2,2,0,511 2013,2,"IA",9417,"Interstate Power and Light Co",39.3,2.9,,,42.2,4816,143.8,,,4959.8,6097,563,,,6660 2013,2,"ID",9191,"Idaho Power Co",10.104,5.557,0.017,0,15.678,1189,654,2,0,1845,2018,66,2,0,2086 2013,2,"ID",11273,"Lower Valley Energy Inc",0.105,,,,0.105,9.076,,,,9.076,23,,,,23 2013,2,"ID",14354,"PacifiCorp",4.172,0.401,0.002,0,4.575,213.241,23.797,0.1,0,237.138,1161,27,1,0,1189 2013,2,"ID",20169,"Avista Corp",3.735,0.748,0,0,4.483,1120.5,224.4,0,0,1344.9,968,40,0,0,1008 2013,2,"IN",9273,"Indianapolis Power & Light Co",4.498,0.444,8.201,,13.143,2998.883,293.547,5469.37,,8761.8,4188,128,25,,4341 2013,2,"IN",15470,"Duke Energy Indiana Inc",7.967,,,,7.967,796.7,,,,796.7,1304,,,,1304 2013,2,"KS",10000,"Kansas City Power & Light Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,2,"KS",10005,"Kansas Gas & Electric Co",0.131,,,,0.131,13.1,,,,13.1,34,,,,34 2013,2,"KS",22500,"Westar Energy Inc",0.117,0.022,1,,1.139,11.7,2.2,100,,113.9,36,1,1,,38 2013,2,"KY",10171,"Kentucky Utilities Co",6.795,0.212,0.009,0,7.016,3808,119,5,0,3932,536,18,1,0,555 2013,2,"KY",11249,"Louisville Gas & Electric Co",10.98,0.243,0.067,0,11.29,6149,137,38,0,6324,914,11,1,0,926 2013,2,"KY",14724,"Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop",0.212,0,0,0,0.212,7.95,0,0,0,7.95,37,0,0,0,37 2013,2,"KY",17564,"South Kentucky Rural E C C",0.539,0.003,0,0,0.542,19.6,0.1,0,0,19.7,172,1,0,0,173 2013,2,"KY",19446,"Duke Energy Kentucky",0.521,,,,0.521,49,,,,49,118,,,,118 2013,2,"KY",20130,"Warren Rural Elec Coop Corp",0.088,0.02,0,0,0.108,3.3,0.75,0,0,4.05,14,1,0,0,15 2013,2,"MA",11804,"Massachusetts Electric Co",69.404,2.75,0.014,0,72.168,3070.386,106.677,0.559,0,3177.622,5183,208,3,0,5394 2013,2,"MA",13206,"Nantucket Electric Co",0.336,0.245,0,0,0.581,13.056,9.301,0,0,22.357,32,7,0,0,39 2013,2,"MI",3828,"Cloverland Electric Co-op",0.1,,,,0.1,10.87,,,,10.87,34,,,,34 2013,2,"MI",4254,"Consumers Energy Co",40,13,1,,54,4013,1809,88,,5910,18636,95,2,,18733 2013,2,"MI",5109,"The DTE Electric Company",87,4,16,0,107,3785,177,799,0,4761,21658,109,25,0,21792 2013,2,"MI",10704,"City of Lansing - (MI)",2.874,0.818,0.008,0,3.7,95.75,27.25,0.25,0,123.25,383,109,1,0,493 2013,2,"MI",13780,"Northern States Power Co",0.079,,,,0.079,6.56,,,,6.56,15,,,,15 2013,2,"MI",19578,"Upper Peninsula Power Co",0.607,,,,0.607,25.3,,,,25.3,118,,,,118 2013,2,"MI",20847,"Wisconsin Electric Power Co",1.549,0.086,,,1.635,51,3,,,54,269,5,,,274 2013,2,"MI",20860,"Wisconsin Public Service Corp",0.073,0.005,,,0.078,4.7,0.3,,,5,17,1,,,18 2013,2,"MN",689,"Connexus Energy",1.837,0.092,6.024,0,7.953,376.7,15,987.58,0,1379.28,471,3,1,0,475 2013,2,"MN",5574,"East Central Energy",1.255,0.07,0,0,1.325,313.8,17.6,0,0,331.4,894,24,0,0,918 2013,2,"MN",9417,"Interstate Power and Light Co",3.6,0.1,,,3.7,472.9,5.3,,,478.2,549,55,,,604 2013,2,"MN",12647,"Minnesota Power Inc",2.819,0.508,,,3.327,112.3,20.3,,,132.6,582,15,,,597 2013,2,"MN",13781,"Northern States Power Co - Minnesota",242.939,158.251,,,401.19,6882.134,4483.034,,,11365.168,20895,240,,,21135 2013,2,"MN",14232,"Otter Tail Power Co",0.672,1.063,0,0,1.735,51.724,81.8,0,0,133.524,245,30,0,0,275 2013,2,"MN",16181,"Rochester Public Utilities",0.165,0.074,0,0,0.239,47.043,18.417,0,0,65.46,66,1,0,0,67 2013,2,"MN",20996,"Wright-Hennepin Coop Elec Assn",0.334,9.596,,,9.93,33.4,959.6,,,993,79,1,,,80 2013,2,"MN",25177,"Dakota Electric Association",2.241,0.059,1.075,,3.375,560.2,14.8,268.7,,843.7,1363,82,22,,1467 2013,2,"MO",4675,"Cuivre River Electric Coop Inc",0.943,0.035,0,0,0.978,37.7,1.4,0,0,39.1,142,2,0,0,144 2013,2,"MO",10000,"Kansas City Power & Light Co",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,2,"MO",12698,"KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Co.",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 2013,2,"MO",17833,"City Utilities of Springfield - (MO)",0.84,0.13,,,0.97,35.7,7.9,,,43.6,148,8,,,156 2013,2,"MO",19436,"Union Electric Co - (MO)",79.1,,,,79.1,5274,,,,5274,6871,,,,6871 2013,2,"MS",6641,"4-County Electric Power Assn",0.212,0,0,0,0.212,7.95,0,0,0,7.95,25,0,0,0,25 2013,2,"MS",12686,"Mississippi Power Co",0.02,,,,0.02,0.4,,,,0.4,2,,,,2 2013,2,"MS",19273,"City of Tupelo - (MS)",0.04,1,0,0,1.04,1.5,37.5,0,0,39,5,1,0,0,6 2013,2,"MT",6395,"Flathead Electric Coop Inc",1.63,,,,1.63,326,,,,326,326,,,,326 2013,2,"MT",12825,"NorthWestern Energy LLC - (MT)",1.954,3.266,0,0,5.22,97.7,163.3,0,0,261,307,19,0,0,326 2013,2,"MT",20997,"Yellowstone Valley Elec Co-op",0.02,,,,0.02,0.5,,,,0.5,12,,,,12 2013,2,"NC",3046,"Progress Energy Carolinas Inc",18.236,1.419,0.096,,19.751,455.892,56.772,3.84,,516.504,3285,84,2,,3371 2013,2,"NC",5416,"Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC",32.852,8.536,,,41.388,821.3,213.4,,,1034.7,5890,178,,,6068 2013,2,"NC",6235,"Public Works Comm-City of Fayetteville",0.34,0,0,0,0.34,8.5,0,0,0,8.5,57,0,0,0,57 2013,2,"NC",9837,"Jones-Onslow Elec Member Corp",0.188,0,0,0,0.188,4.7,0,0,0,4.7,47,0,0,0,47 2013,2,"NC",16496,"Rutherford Elec Member Corp",0.144,,,,0.144,3.6,,,,3.6,25,,,,25 2013,2,"NC",24889,"Brunswick Electric Member Corp",0.329,0,0,0,0.329,8.225,0,0,0,8.225,71,0,0,0,71 2013,2,"ND",12087,"McKenzie Electric Coop Inc",0.001,0,0,0,0.001,0.1,0,0,0,0.1,1,0,0,0,1 2013,2,"ND",14232,"Otter Tail Power Co",0.458,0.118,0,0,0.576,35.209,9.1,0,0,44.309,184,13,0,0,197 2013,2,"NH",13441,"New Hampshire Elec Coop Inc",1.683,0.057,0,0,1.74,56.1,1.9,0,0,58,236,7,0,0,243 2013,2,"NH",15472,"Public Service Co of NH",2.299,0.521,0.114,0,2.934,98.317,52.529,4.062,0,154.908,154,10,2,0,166 2013,2,"NH",24590,"Unitil Energy Systems",0.461,0.003,0,0,0.464,14.017,0.061,0,0,14.078,25,1,0,0,26 2013,2,"NH",26510,"Granite State Electric Co",1.135,0.074,0,0,1.209,29.382,2.324,0,0,31.706,103,7,0,0,110 2013,2,"NJ",963,"Atlantic City Electric Co",7.184,1.321,0,0,8.505,454.968,72.472,0,0,527.44,762,12,0,0,774 2013,2,"NJ",16213,"Rockland Electric Co",1.535,0.005,0,0,1.54,103.4,0.56,0,0,103.96,119,1,0,0,120 2013,2,"NM",5701,"El Paso Electric Co",0.671,2.023,0,0,2.694,11.5,64.6,0,0,76.1,61,15,0,0,76 2013,2,"NM",6204,"City of Farmington - (NM)",0.032,0,0,0,0.032,1.9,0,0,0,1.9,6,0,0,0,6 2013,2,"NM",11204,"Los Alamos County",0.682,0.097,,,0.779,118.828,17.435,,,136.263,293,11,,,304 2013,2,"NM",15473,"Public Service Co of NM",21.724,4.901,1.134,,27.759,5172.37,1166.87,269.91,,6609.15,12244,453,3,,12700 2013,2,"NM",17718,"Southwestern Public Service Co",8.89,1.962,,,10.852,296.337,65.408,,,361.745,820,91,,,911 2013,2,"NV",13073,"Mt Wheeler Power, Inc",0.12,0.002,,,0.122,6.2,0.1,,,6.3,21,1,,,22 2013,2,"NY",11171,"Long Island Power Authority",11.9,9.1,,,21,387,517,,,904,720,123,,,843 2013,2,"NY",13511,"New York State Elec & Gas Corp",100.014,4.473,1.008,0,105.495,4035,212,48,0,4295,14802,254,6,0,15062 2013,2,"NY",13573,"Niagara Mohawk Power Corp.",103.4,2.12,1.06,0,106.58,5970,123,62,0,6155,8045,166,83,0,8294 2013,2,"

  9. Bioenergy systems report: The AID (Agency for International Development) approach. Using agricultural and forestry wastes for the production of energy in support of rural development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-04-01

    The Biomass Energy Systems and Technology project (BEST) seeks to integrate natural resources, private sector expertise, and financial support in order to convert biomass into marketable energy products at existing agro-processing facilities. This report documents BEST's approach to biomass promotion and includes sections on: the rationale for the project's commodity focus (sugar cane, rice, and wood); the relevant U.S. biomass experience with rice, cane, and wood residues, etc., which BEST draws upon; A.I.D.'s experience in the field application of rice, wood, and cane residue bioenergy systems; economic analyses of biomass systems (using examples from Indonesia and Costa Rica); research initiatives to develop off-season fuels for sugar mills, advanced biomass conversion systems, and energy efficiency in sugar factories; and the environmental aspects of biomass (including its ability to be used without increasing global warming).

  10. Activation of protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) and risk of lung cancer among rural women in India who cook with biomass fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roychoudhury, Sanghita; Mondal, Nandan Kumar; Mukherjee, Sayali; Dutta, Anindita; Siddique, Shabana; Ray, Manas Ranjan

    2012-02-15

    The impact of indoor air pollution (IAP) from biomass fuel burning on the risk of carcinogenesis in the airways has been investigated in 187 pre-menopausal women (median age 34 years) from eastern India who cooked exclusively with biomass and 155 age-matched control women from same locality who cooked with cleaner fuel liquefied petroleum gas. Compared with control, Papanicolau-stained sputum samples showed 3-times higher prevalence of metaplasia and 7-times higher prevalence of dysplasia in airway epithelial cell (AEC) of biomass users. Immunocytochemistry showed up-regulation of phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt{sup ser473} and p-Akt{sup thr308}) proteins in AEC of biomass users, especially in metaplastic and dysplastic cells. Compared with LPG users, biomass-using women showed marked rise in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and depletion of antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase (SOD) indicating oxidative stress. There were 25 times more particulate pollutants (PM{sub 10} and PM{sub 2.5}), 72% more nitrogen dioxide and 4-times more particulate-laden benzo(a)pyrene, but no change in sulfur dioxide in indoor air of biomass-using households, and high performance liquid chromatography estimated 6-fold rise in the concentration of benzene metabolite trans,trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA) in urine of biomass users. Metaplasia and dysplasia, p-Akt expression and ROS generation were positively associated with PM and t,t-MA levels. It appears that cumulative exposure to biomass smoke increases the risk of lung carcinogenesis via oxidative stress-mediated activation of Akt signal transduction pathway. -- Highlights: ? Carcinogenesis in airway cells was examined in biomass and LPG using women. ? Metaplasia and dysplasia of epithelial cells were more prevalent in biomass users. ? Change in airway cytology was associated with oxidative stress and Akt activation. ? Biomass users had greater exposure to respirable PM, B(a)P and benzene. ? Cooking with biomass increases cancer risk in the airways via Akt activation.

  11. Precursor systems analyses of automated highway systems. Activity Area A: Urban and rural ahs analysis. Resource materials. Final report, August 1993-November 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preston, H.; Holstein, J.; Ottesen, J.; Hoffman, P.

    1995-11-01

    The identification of technical, operational, and safety issues was accomplished primarily through a comprehensive literature search and a series of expert workshops. The literature search included identification and review of a broad range of previous AHS, IVHS, and related topic research and findings. This work supported a preliminary identification and/or confirmation and detailed description of major technical features, for example, (1) geometric design characteristics such as interchange design, lane width, and median configuration and (2) vehicle characteristics such as braking and acceleration capabilities. Accident type and severity data were also obtained and analyzed for various roadway categories and roadway improvements. Considering improved safety as a primary driver for the implementation of AHSs, current accident statistics were examined carefully to assess their potential utility as an indicator of likely AHS benefits. A summary of freeway design and operating characteristic information was developed not only to guide the ongoing work in this activity area, but to serve as a key point of reference for the team`s other seven activity areas throughout the remainder of the program.

  12. 10 A.M. CT TODAY: On-the Record Conference Call for Obama Administration to Announce Major Initiative to Enhance America's Energy Security

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    White House Rural Economic Council Promotes Production of Next Generation Biofuels, Job Creation and Economic Opportunity

  13. Improved DC Gun Insulator Assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sah, R.; Dudas, A.; Neubauer, M. L.; Poelker, M.; Surles-Law, K. E.L.

    2010-05-23

    Many user facilities such as synchrotron radiation light sources and free electron lasers require accelerating structures that support electric fields of 10-100 MV/m, especially at the start of the accelerator chain where ceramic insulators are used for very high gradient DC guns. These insulators are difficult to manufacture, require long commissioning times, and often exhibit poor reliability. Two technical approaches to solving this problem will be investigated. Firstly, inverted ceramics offer solutions for reduced gradients between the electrodes and ground. An inverted design will be presented for 350 kV, with maximum gradients in the range of 5-10 MV/m. Secondly, novel ceramic manufacturing processes will be studied, in order to protect triple junction locations from emission, by applying a coating with a bulk resistivity. The processes for creating this coating will be optimized to provide protection as well as be used to coat a ceramic with an appropriate gradient in bulk resistivity from the vacuum side to the air side of an HV standoff ceramic cylinder. Example insulator designs are being computer modelled, and insulator samples are being manufactured and tested

  14. Word Pro - S2

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 Table 2.8 U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Source, Fiscal Years (Trillion Btu) Fiscal Year a Coal Natural Gas b Petroleum Other Mobility Fuels f Elec- tricity Purchased Steam and Other g Total Aviation Gasoline Fuel Oil c Jet Fuel LPG d Motor Gasoline e Total 1975 .............. 77.9 166.2 22.0 376.0 707.4 5.6 63.2 1,174.2 0.0 141.5 5.1 1,565.0 1976 .............. 71.3 151.8 11.6 329.7 610.0 4.7 60.4 1,016.4 .0 139.3 4.6 1,383.4 1977 .............. 68.4 141.2 8.8 348.5 619.2 4.1 61.4

  15. 2014 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Commercial

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Commercial (Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A & 4D and EIA-861S) Entity State Ownership Customers (Count) Sales (Megawatthours) Revenues (Thousands Dollars) Average Price (cents/kWh) Alaska Electric Light&Power Co AK Investor Owned 2,253 125,452 12,449.0 9.92 Alaska Power and Telephone Co AK Investor Owned 2,302 38,952 10,341.0 26.55 Alaska Village Elec Coop, Inc AK Cooperative 2,960 62,209 32,334.0 51.98 Anchorage Municipal Light and Power AK Municipal 6,362 879,373 113,515.6 12.91

  16. 2014 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Total

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total (Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A & 4D and EIA-861S) Entity State Ownership Customers (Count) Sales (Megawatthours) Revenues (Thousands Dollars) Average Price (cents/kWh) Alaska Electric Light&Power Co AK Investor Owned 16,464 399,492 41,691.0 10.44 Alaska Power and Telephone Co AK Investor Owned 7,630 63,068 17,642.0 27.97 Alaska Village Elec Coop, Inc AK Cooperative 10,829 97,874 53,522.0 54.68 Anchorage Municipal Light and Power AK Municipal 30,791 1,012,784 134,950.6 13.32

  17. NERSC Staff

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Staff Introduction to OpenMP Programming Agenda * Basic i nforma,on - An s elec(ve i ntroduc(on t o t he p rogramming m odel. - Direc(ves f or w ork p aralleliza(on a nd s ynchroniza(on. - Some h ints o n u sage * Hands---on Lab - Wri(ng c ompiling a nd e xecu(ng s imple O penMP programs. * Presenta,on a vailable a t - module load training! - cp $EXAMPLES/NUG/Presentations/ IntroToOpenMP.pptx! Agenda * New stuff - Constructs i ntroduced i n OpenMP 3 .0 * Not t asking * Hands---on Lab What is

  18. b30.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    District Chilled Water Elec- tricity Natural Gas District Chilled Water All Buildings* .................................. 4,645 3,625 3,589 17 33 64,783 56,940 54,321 1,018 2,853 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 ................................... 2,552 1,841 1,838 Q Q 6,789 5,007 4,994 Q Q 5,001 to 10,000 ................................. 889 732 727 Q Q 6,585 5,408 5,367 Q Q 10,001 to 25,000 ............................... 738 629 618 Q Q 11,535 9,922 9,743 Q Q 25,001 to

  19. NUG Monthly

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Webinar - January 2015 --- 1 --- NUG M onthly M ee-ng January 1 5, 2 015 Agenda * 2015 S ystem A vailability S chedule - E lizabeth * NUG 2 015 - F eb 2 3---26, B erkeley/Oakland * 2014 U ser S urvey - D ave T urner * NUGEX Elec-ons * Changes f or t he 2 015 A lloca-on Y ear - D ave T urner * System Updates - Edison - Z hengji Z hao/Tina D eclerck - Hopper - H elen H e * New in M yNERSC - J ack Deslippe * NERSC 2 4x7 S ervices - E lizabeth B au-sta --- 2 --- Early AY15 Maintenance * Tuesday J

  20. 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    NAD_UTIL","FILLER","EFFDATE","STATUS","MULTIST","YEAR","GEN01","CON01","STK01","GEN02","CON02","STK02","GEN03","CON03","STK03","GEN04","CON04","STK04","GEN05","CON05","STK05","GEN06","CON06","STK06","GEN07","CON07","STK07","GEN08","CON08","STK08","GEN09","CON09","STK09","GEN10","CON10","STK10","GEN11","CON11","STK11","GEN12","CON12","STK12","PCODE","NERC","UTILCODE","FUELDESC","PMDESC" 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,15,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","HOWLAND",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,772,0,0,858,0,0,1012,0,0,727,0,0,1061,0,0,917,0,0,385,0,0,118,0,0,0,0,0,657,0,0,905,0,0,820,0,0,1472,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2116,0,0,1715,0,0,1459,0,0,1821,0,0,1946,0,0,2134,0,0,2157,0,0,1797,0,0,1745,0,0,1829,0,0,2224,0,0,2386,0,0,1474,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,553,181,307,419,0,0,593,31,55,538,66,120,418,219,399,383,324,598,481,313,579,614,97,178,575,1,2,573,0,0,608,98,171,611,1474,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,19,35,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MILFORD",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,3843,0,0,3348,0,0,4177,0,0,3759,0,0,4855,0,0,4740,0,0,2971,0,0,2432,0,0,1786,0,0,1561,0,0,3510,0,0,4606,0,0,1475,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,45,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ORONO",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,895,0,0,836,0,0,966,0,0,576,0,0,624,0,0,736,0,0,684,0,0,464,0,0,408,0,0,616,0,0,849,0,0,896,0,0,1476,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,55,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","STILLWATER",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,1191,0,0,844,0,0,939,0,0,1021,0,0,1114,0,0,1181,0,0,1170,0,0,878,0,0,818,0,0,880,0,0,923,0,0,950,0,0,1478,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,60,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE A",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,4314,0,0,3855,0,0,5043,0,0,5153,0,0,6053,0,0,5342,0,0,3542,0,0,2651,0,0,2281,0,0,3932,0,0,5128,0,0,3842,0,0,1479,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,62,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE B",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7199,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,68,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","BAR HARBOR",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,42,73,538,379,659,574,0,0,574,73,128,446,69,125,512,225,420,440,312,579,556,449,813,455,32,60,586,49,89,497,6,10,487,152,264,571,1466,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,19,75,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","EASTPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,39,70,576,80,139,412,0,0,586,10,18,557,32,58,494,111,204,464,172,317,495,182,334,509,19,36,472,0,0,470,15,29,429,67,117,460,1468,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,5,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDROSCOG 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2536,0,0,2573,0,0,2732,0,0,2703,0,0,2639,0,0,2235,0,0,2379,0,0,2201,0,0,1657,0,0,2352,0,0,2282,0,0,2805,0,0,1480,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,10,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BAR MILLS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2420,0,0,1389,0,0,2414,0,0,2364,0,0,2584,0,0,1195,0,0,623,0,0,586,0,0,293,0,0,1310,0,0,2401,0,0,2056,0,0,1481,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,20,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BONNY EAGLE",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,6041,0,0,3654,0,0,5858,0,0,5255,0,0,4575,0,0,2217,0,0,1233,0,0,1084,0,0,592,0,0,3323,0,0,7098,0,0,4100,0,0,1482,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,40,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CATARACT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5330,0,0,4194,0,0,4953,0,0,4656,0,0,4888,0,0,5331,0,0,818,0,0,662,0,0,102,0,0,2232,0,0,5064,0,0,4090,0,0,1486,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,42,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CONTINENTAL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-14,0,0,-15,0,0,322,0,0,72,0,0,147,0,0,12,0,0,3,0,0,13,0,0,15,0,0,109,0,0,555,0,0,-18,0,0,1487,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,50,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","DEER RIP 1",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2694,0,0,2434,0,0,4080,0,0,3776,0,0,4034,0,0,2023,0,0,686,0,0,215,0,0,83,0,0,1916,0,0,3984,0,0,3453,0,0,1488,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,60,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","FT HALIFAX",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,959,0,0,424,0,0,1026,0,0,961,0,0,925,0,0,526,0,0,51,0,0,5,0,0,155,0,0,380,0,0,977,0,0,659,0,0,1490,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,75,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","GULF ISLAND",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,10764,0,0,9131,0,0,13512,0,0,13282,0,0,13485,0,0,8299,0,0,5537,0,0,4070,0,0,2892,0,0,9130,0,0,15549,0,0,11464,0,0,1491,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,80,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HARRIS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,14325,0,0,24479,0,0,22937,0,0,6538,0,0,5448,0,0,21283,0,0,13285,0,0,11928,0,0,12813,0,0,10770,0,0,19708,0,0,26783,0,0,1492,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,85,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HIRAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5791,0,0,3447,0,0,5873,0,0,6762,0,0,6516,0,0,2778,0,0,1397,0,0,1182,0,0,155,0,0,2992,0,0,7160,0,0,4285,0,0,1493,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,90,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 2",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1280,0,0,585,0,0,1625,0,0,606,0,0,869,0,0,350,0,0,2,0,0,-1,0,0,9,0,0,710,0,0,1668,0,0,745,0,0,1497,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,95,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,753,0,0,330,0,0,977,0,0,349,0,0,507,0,0,180,0,0,0,0,0,-6,0,0,0,0,0,414,0,0,1038,0,0,416,0,0,1498,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,100,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 4",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,405,0,0,183,0,0,451,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1499,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,105,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 5",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,699,0,0,292,0,0,0,0,0,378,0,0,0,0,0,203,0,0,13,0,0,9,0,0,4,0,0,408,0,0,923,0,0,390,0,0,1500,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,110,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","NO GORHAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1215,0,0,963,0,0,842,0,0,520,0,0,455,0,0,503,0,0,595,0,0,604,0,0,413,0,0,340,0,0,740,0,0,1180,0,0,1501,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,125,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SHAWMUT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5226,0,0,5495,0,0,6547,0,0,5776,0,0,5295,0,0,4910,0,0,3475,0,0,2346,0,0,2571,0,0,3529,0,0,4803,0,0,6066,0,0,1504,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,130,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SKELTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,13276,0,0,8614,0,0,12134,0,0,11304,0,0,11550,0,0,5199,0,0,2833,0,0,2610,0,0,687,0,0,6731,0,0,13037,0,0,9456,0,0,1505,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,145,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WEST BUXTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,4424,0,0,2556,0,0,4381,0,0,3723,0,0,3292,0,0,1602,0,0,798,0,0,745,0,0,418,0,0,1944,0,0,4334,0,0,3045,0,0,1508,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,150,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WESTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,8095,0,0,8443,0,0,9513,0,0,8520,0,0,7843,0,0,7850,0,0,5819,0,0,4618,0,0,4257,0,0,5361,0,0,7925,0,0,9347,0,0,1509,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,155,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WILLIAMS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,9171,0,0,9162,0,0,10255,0,0,6585,0,0,7543,0,0,8658,0,0,6098,0,0,5593,0,0,5308,0,0,5891,0,0,8857,0,0,10646,0,0,1510,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,160,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN HYDRO",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,30298,0,0,37016,0,0,38382,0,0,18735,0,0,24745,0,0,31774,0,0,20433,0,0,17564,0,0,16353,0,0,19735,0,0,40234,0,0,38504,0,0,1511,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,4,2,37,175,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CAPE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,40,282,7937,40,336,7601,-57,44,7557,-40,24,7533,5,162,7371,38,208,7316,611,1872,6581,497,1571,5887,-24,32,5855,-32,27,5828,-45,25,5803,-25,145,5552,1484,6,50491,"FO2","GT" 11,23,1,2,2,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,707,1587,1149,810,1542,1579,117,264,1534,980,1825,1680,366,883,1468,854,1640,1807,783,1460,2327,653,1307,1677,115,266,1410,20,76,1335,486,1282,2039,604,1177,2212,1507,6,50491,"FO2","ST" 11,23,1,2,3,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"HEAVY OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,47051,97029,319010,122493,214459,275338,22777,47240,228098,127804,222606,207728,22560,50003,278752,79660,140051,253816,153893,263859,173676,74046,134076,202289,16596,35140,288543,3258,10955,197963,18538,44437,353526,107031,192190,308382,1507,6,50491,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,37,204,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ISLESBORO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1494,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,37,206,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","PEAK IS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1502,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,210,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BRUNSWICK",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,7964,0,0,6898,0,0,11266,0,0,10237,0,0,10095,0,0,6009,0,0,3698,0,0,2974,0,0,2429,0,0,6541,0,0,12216,0,0,8541,0,0,1483,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,215,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","W CHANNEL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,-33,0,0,-20,0,0,-22,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-21,0,0,-1,0,0,19,0,0,-11,0,0,-22,0,0,695,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,220,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES UPPER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-41,0,0,-34,0,0,610,0,0,144,0,0,273,0,0,15,0,0,1,0,0,15,0,0,18,0,0,217,0,0,4223,0,0,-30,0,0,7044,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,225,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,-17,0,0,-16,0,0,-8,0,0,-2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,-3,0,0,-17,0,0,7045,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,235,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDRO LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,23,0,0,-11,0,0,21,0,0,-2,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,0,0,38,0,0,-14,0,0,7047,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,240,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HILL MILL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,183,0,0,-6,0,0,60,0,0,2,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,105,0,0,467,0,0,-6,0,0,7048,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,245,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","C E MONTY",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,11840,0,0,10124,0,0,14280,0,0,13297,0,0,13808,0,0,8324,0,0,5496,0,0,4271,0,0,3199,0,0,9333,0,0,15686,0,0,12247,0,0,805,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,250,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SMELT HILL",0,,3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,400,0,0,352,0,0,239,0,0,180,0,0,162,0,0,191,0,0,178,0,0,-608,0,0,766,0,0,224,0,0,283,0,0,7514,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,"B",37,255,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","AROOSTOOK V",0,"WOOD",3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,165,0,0,134,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7513,6,50491,"WD","ST" 11,23,1,1,,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,454,0,0,469,0,0,519,0,0,451,0,0,454,0,0,410,0,0,48,0,0,1,0,0,-2,0,0,178,0,0,536,0,0,504,0,0,1513,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,3,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"HEAVY OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,343,903,9375,592,1410,7984,-32,0,8005,-29,0,7995,-26,6,8015,-27,4,8057,-26,0,8067,222,644,7448,-28,0,7396,-29,0,7390,857,1841,5557,2237,4973,2370,1513,6,51747,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,50,251,1746,5,143,1693,-65,0,1583,78,225,1932,-18,17,1865,-9,6,1829,38,115,1683,233,500,1802,86,210,1776,-6,65,2071,-56,28,1948,244,599,2098,1513,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,94,10,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","SQUA PAN",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,115,0,0,363,0,0,152,0,0,-10,0,0,-7,0,0,-3,0,0,-3,0,0,-4,0,0,-6,0,0,-7,0,0,3,0,0,223,0,0,1516,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,94,23,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","FLOS INN",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,27,115,314,19,82,232,-29,0,232,19,79,373,-23,2,371,-16,0,371,13,80,290,124,284,232,74,135,323,-3,51,272,-25,8,264,217,451,388,1514,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,94,25,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","HOULTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,6,28,13,-8,1,12,-8,2,10,-8,0,10,-6,0,10,-3,0,10,-2,0,10,-3,0,10,-3,0,10,-4,0,11,-4,2,8,14,34,6,1515,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,2,1,97,1,"MAINE YANKEE ATOMIC PWR C","MAIN YANKEE",0,"NUCLEAR",11525,"0M",1294,,,95,197577,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1517,6,51748,"UR","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,116,10,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SWANS FALLS",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,"R",180,95,-7,0,2,-7,0,2,-6,0,2,-3,0,2,-2,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-3,0,2,0,0,0,1518,6,52411,"FO2","IC" 11,23,5,1,,525,1,"LEWISTON (CITY OF)","ANDRO UPPER",0,,10963,"0A",1294,,,95,296,0,0,378,0,0,310,0,0,424,0,0,264,0,0,390,0,0,256,0,0,258,0,0,304,0,0,270,0,0,342,0,0,324,0,0,7046,6,54168,"WAT","HY" 11,23,5,1,,566,1,"MADISON (CITY OF)","NORRIDGEWCK",0,,11477,"0A",1294,,,95,306,0,0,241,0,0,261,0,0,291,0,0,379,0,0,277,0,0,75,0,0,0,0,0,26,0,0,121,0,0,197,0,0,224,0,0,6701,6,51737,"WAT","HY" 11,23,8,3,2,835,5,"EASTERN MAINE ELEC COOP","PORTABLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",5609,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6366,6,50848,"FO2","IC" 11,23,8,3,2,940,1,"SWANS ISLAND ELEC COOP","MINTURN",0,"LIGHT OIL",18368,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1550,6,52863,"FO2","IC" 12,33,1,1,,106,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","COMERFORD",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,34273,0,0,19125,0,0,43429,0,0,11874,0,0,22700,0,0,13853,0,0,5565,0,0,11061,0,0,5412,0,0,30636,0,0,45527,0,0,18948,0,0,2349,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MCINDOES",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4420,0,0,3434,0,0,6350,0,0,3330,0,0,4648,0,0,2664,0,0,1453,0,0,2497,0,0,1353,0,0,4755,0,0,7050,0,0,3740,0,0,6483,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,13,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","S C MOORE",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,29434,0,0,15866,0,0,34014,0,0,9521,0,0,19359,0,0,12124,0,0,4787,0,0,9805,0,0,4357,0,0,27013,0,0,40020,0,0,16551,0,0,2351,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","VERNON",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,7120,0,0,5523,0,0,9186,0,0,7993,0,0,7582,0,0,3197,0,0,1355,0,0,2525,0,0,19,0,0,5912,0,0,9702,0,0,7342,0,0,2352,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","WILDER",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,1974,0,0,3326,0,0,18722,0,0,7773,0,0,8911,0,0,4713,0,0,4047,0,0,5176,0,0,2849,0,0,9330,0,0,12667,0,0,7471,0,0,2353,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,2,1,123,1,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SEABROOK",0,"NUCLEAR",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,857441,0,0,778373,0,0,863021,0,0,832472,0,0,865152,0,0,495425,0,0,690261,0,0,805711,0,0,800410,0,0,828658,0,0,60958,0,0,501494,0,0,6115,6,52411,"UR","ST" 12,33,1,1,,123,4,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AMOSKEAG",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,10690,0,0,7028,0,0,11425,0,0,749,0,0,15769,0,0,4245,0,0,2251,0,0,3257,0,0,434,0,0,5760,0,0,11044,0,0,6264,0,0,2354,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,6,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AYERS IS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,3909,0,0,2249,0,0,4743,0,0,3555,0,0,4487,0,0,1520,0,0,1448,0,0,1727,0,0,380,0,0,3303,0,0,5711,0,0,2632,0,0,2355,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,16,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","EASTMAN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2843,0,0,1293,0,0,2781,0,0,2587,0,0,2725,0,0,1214,0,0,1763,0,0,10079,0,0,-9794,0,0,1729,0,0,3266,0,0,1701,0,0,2356,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,20,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GARVIN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,5209,0,0,3143,0,0,5693,0,0,4388,0,0,3956,0,0,2019,0,0,755,0,0,1667,0,0,350,0,0,3233,0,0,6336,0,0,3913,0,0,2357,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,22,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GORHAM",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,989,0,0,1031,0,0,1249,0,0,885,0,0,1193,0,0,756,0,0,568,0,0,530,0,0,580,0,0,864,0,0,1116,0,0,1202,0,0,2358,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,28,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","HOOKSETT",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,787,0,0,865,0,0,912,0,0,1164,0,0,1141,0,0,791,0,0,156,0,0,317,0,0,43,0,0,751,0,0,952,0,0,776,0,0,2359,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,30,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","JACKMAN",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1997,0,0,535,0,0,1239,0,0,236,0,0,557,0,0,305,0,0,191,0,0,722,0,0,-8,0,0,1339,0,0,2326,0,0,864,0,0,2360,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,50,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SMITH STA",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,8143,0,0,9737,0,0,11648,0,0,6108,0,0,8349,0,0,6172,0,0,4454,0,0,4871,0,0,3742,0,0,6861,0,0,10860,0,0,10308,0,0,2368,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,4,2,123,57,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","LOST NATION",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-15,0,2159,79,306,1853,-15,0,1853,-12,0,1853,42,125,1728,50,140,1587,209,595,1527,275,828,1235,-11,0,1235,-11,0,1235,-10,0,1235,111,338,1076,2362,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,27,45,275,16,29,156,22,38,180,23,38,218,0,0,0,29,52,151,6,14,205,30,55,180,52,96,222,62,108,185,57,96,176,20,35,176,2364,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,266403,101539,253077,274308,103830,266334,256612,98157,263978,216443,80934,278945,76504,17154,315133,246563,95683,297713,281671,111493,247571,263463,95839,235114,181335,71786,264069,207269,81066,275589,253852,96425,269715,287608,108204,247069,2364,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-47,0,3032,411,1048,3032,-21,0,1984,-18,0,1984,112,282,1702,122,334,1367,613,1576,1494,582,1554,2033,-14,0,2033,-11,20,2013,-20,0,2013,242,603,1411,2364,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,3,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1350,2702,31413,820,1554,92325,2073,4352,187620,1454,2823,184796,1826,3479,189663,2478,4626,184835,4062,7903,176932,2011,4193,53637,1321,2911,170000,1885,4329,165671,5233,10859,154812,3538,6785,118334,2367,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,53534,27148,87087,68779,32692,50318,47008,24972,52027,65230,33724,53967,55312,27020,32185,49976,24400,75043,55074,26887,62380,30313,18396,42154,18241,9931,51974,16092,9642,54786,30357,16856,90418,65541,32424,72200,2367,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-13,0,804,95,260,723,-12,0,723,-9,0,723,57,118,604,-7,0,604,90,262,723,242,963,714,-7,0,714,0,0,714,-9,0,714,120,301,794,2367,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,4,9,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,19,240,0,12,140,0,24,310,0,25,300,0,22,264,0,17,210,0,219,2700,0,121,2803,0,14,190,0,15,220,0,24,320,0,22,260,0,2367,6,52411,"NG","GT" 12,33,1,4,2,123,70,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","WHITE LAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-17,0,2383,97,350,2033,-14,4,2029,-7,0,2029,48,94,1935,136,341,1595,147,405,1763,357,924,1410,-3,0,1410,-3,0,1410,-13,0,1410,-6,129,1281,2369,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2141,4247,1577,1729,3274,1766,1111,2327,1824,1584,4149,1209,1580,3072,1209,1589,3168,1640,1162,2239,1856,1703,3313,1598,1134,2258,1388,173,817,1751,1894,3703,1630,507,3096,1651,8002,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,3,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,73391,138116,328850,119485,206586,321529,32827,62816,434361,89003,159420,245596,100291,177704,321055,73382,134661,317462,125529,216497,100965,57182,118647,2305699,45699,82009,405756,1560,6611,399144,100544,177099,222046,136392,231245,388270,8002,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,9,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1463,17053,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,35353,394385,0,45744,527451,0,57696,624462,0,48968,544320,0,10747,122302,0,57,1545,0,742,8312,0,0,0,0,8002,6,52411,"NG","ST" 13,50,1,1,,22,2,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ARNOLD FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,112,0,0,27,0,0,168,0,0,290,0,0,100,0,0,18,0,0,33,0,0,37,0,0,17,0,0,172,0,0,245,0,0,135,0,0,3707,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,10,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CAVENDISH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,534,0,0,309,0,0,847,0,0,607,0,0,267,0,0,83,0,0,0,0,0,134,0,0,-3,0,0,391,0,0,928,0,0,383,0,0,3710,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,11,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CLARKS FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1404,0,0,1026,0,0,1689,0,0,1865,0,0,1729,0,0,855,0,0,596,0,0,1076,0,0,567,0,0,1648,0,0,1970,0,0,1412,0,0,3711,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,15,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","FAIRFAX",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1873,0,0,1589,0,0,2321,0,0,2516,0,0,2499,0,0,1241,0,0,878,0,0,1432,0,0,744,0,0,2114,0,0,2573,0,0,2233,0,0,3712,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,16,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GAGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,221,0,0,24,0,0,244,0,0,307,0,0,290,0,0,73,0,0,85,0,0,38,0,0,48,0,0,305,0,0,523,0,0,226,0,0,3713,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,18,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GLEN",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1041,0,0,605,0,0,731,0,0,367,0,0,238,0,0,98,0,0,83,0,0,323,0,0,183,0,0,629,0,0,1307,0,0,401,0,0,3714,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,22,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","LW MIDLEBRY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,725,0,0,534,0,0,1054,0,0,920,0,0,550,0,0,286,0,0,79,0,0,150,0,0,104,0,0,524,0,0,1220,0,0,492,0,0,3716,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,26,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","MILTON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,3538,0,0,2446,0,0,4215,0,0,4336,0,0,3864,0,0,1806,0,0,1204,0,0,2514,0,0,1210,0,0,4046,0,0,4879,0,0,3192,0,0,3717,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,28,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PASSUMPSIC",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,315,0,0,97,0,0,378,0,0,435,0,0,415,0,0,90,0,0,51,0,0,150,0,0,94,0,0,370,0,0,434,0,0,44,0,0,3718,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,30,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PATCH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,107,0,0,58,0,0,59,0,0,21,0,0,7,0,0,5,0,0,5,0,0,28,0,0,7,0,0,42,0,0,158,0,0,30,0,0,3719,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,34,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PIERCE MLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,113,0,0,81,0,0,121,0,0,180,0,0,161,0,0,59,0,0,47,0,0,47,0,0,17,0,0,102,0,0,181,0,0,116,0,0,3721,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,36,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PITTSFORD",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1275,0,0,941,0,0,158,0,0,47,0,0,-2,0,0,9,0,0,0,0,0,489,0,0,354,0,0,726,0,0,1999,0,0,679,0,0,3722,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,38,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SALISBURY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,325,0,0,210,0,0,191,0,0,62,0,0,141,0,0,65,0,0,25,0,0,72,0,0,111,0,0,88,0,0,-6,0,0,303,0,0,3724,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,40,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SILVER LAKE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,800,0,0,508,0,0,722,0,0,405,0,0,402,0,0,227,0,0,103,0,0,275,0,0,84,0,0,500,0,0,973,0,0,535,0,0,3725,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,41,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","TAFTSVILLE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,150,0,0,135,0,0,208,0,0,200,0,0,119,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,17,0,0,-1,0,0,55,0,0,175,0,0,162,0,0,3727,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,44,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","WEYBRIDGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1391,0,0,616,0,0,1819,0,0,1459,0,0,991,0,0,370,0,0,156,0,0,354,0,0,167,0,0,1042,0,0,2031,0,0,856,0,0,3728,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,45,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PETERSON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,2522,0,0,1281,0,0,3601,0,0,3092,0,0,2335,0,0,1090,0,0,702,0,0,1605,0,0,681,0,0,2814,0,0,4021,0,0,1742,0,0,3720,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,22,48,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","RUTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,13,125,4525,45,327,4198,40,218,3979,19,143,3836,20,127,3709,101,381,3328,272,898,2430,277,932,1498,34,167,3475,-8,46,3429,32,195,3234,152,651,2583,3723,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,4,2,22,49,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ASCUTNEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,27,136,2572,77,326,2246,69,300,1946,18,96,1851,8,65,1786,41,144,1641,268,895,2175,226,765,1409,-1,38,3277,-15,0,3277,-3,71,3206,88,353,2853,3708,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,3,2,22,60,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ST ALBANS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,-14,0,89,5,38,214,-11,4,210,-10,5,205,7,17,188,21,40,148,72,149,234,59,123,111,-1,2,110,-3,0,110,-6,0,108,9,42,236,3726,6,50503,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,22,65,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SMITH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,361,0,0,154,0,0,495,0,0,658,0,0,519,0,0,163,0,0,121,0,0,123,0,0,72,0,0,258,0,0,692,0,0,170,0,0,3709,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,70,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","EAST BARNET",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,595,0,0,399,0,0,900,0,0,1046,0,0,922,0,0,325,0,0,322,0,0,358,0,0,203,0,0,790,0,0,1148,0,0,702,0,0,788,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,5,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","CHARLESTON",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,339,0,0,244,0,0,393,0,0,445,0,0,409,0,0,252,0,0,154,0,0,192,0,0,90,0,0,382,0,0,461,0,0,314,0,0,3729,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,10,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,1625,0,0,946,0,0,1961,0,0,1655,0,0,1645,0,0,917,0,0,474,0,0,1107,0,0,331,0,0,1614,0,0,2652,0,0,1235,0,0,3731,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,24,15,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT DSL",0,"LIGHT OIL",3611,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,377,16,33,290,0,0,259,0,0,229,0,0,206,0,0,206,0,0,206,7,12,194,8,16,177,0,0,177,0,0,137,0,0,85,3730,6,50560,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,24,20,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","TROY",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,150,0,0,72,0,0,150,0,0,267,0,0,209,0,0,71,0,0,28,0,0,30,0,0,3,0,0,74,0,0,244,0,0,128,0,0,3733,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2888,0,0,2870,0,0,4338,0,0,3931,0,0,3261,0,0,980,0,0,333,0,0,1531,0,0,936,0,0,2161,0,0,3540,0,0,2964,0,0,3737,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,311,11,27,284,1,1,283,0,0,283,7,16,267,28,61,385,45,85,300,33,65,235,9,19,394,0,0,394,0,0,394,12,25,369,3737,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,15,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","GORGE NO 18",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,901,0,0,986,0,0,1573,0,0,1661,0,0,1125,0,0,122,0,0,113,0,0,692,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6475,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,20,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MARSHFIELD6",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,891,0,0,1188,0,0,245,0,0,107,0,0,0,0,0,3,0,0,2,0,0,54,0,0,53,0,0,604,0,0,1300,0,0,430,0,0,3739,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,25,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MIDDLESEX 2",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,1134,0,0,848,0,0,1580,0,0,1697,0,0,1156,0,0,150,0,0,111,0,0,717,0,0,45,0,0,1158,0,0,2061,0,0,1133,0,0,3740,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,972,0,0,799,0,0,1171,0,0,1224,0,0,968,0,0,441,0,0,247,0,0,499,0,0,318,0,0,590,0,0,1307,0,0,899,0,0,6519,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,15,27,282,68,118,164,15,24,319,5,8,311,4,25,465,108,264,200,174,319,417,163,302,294,20,35,437,3,2,436,2,4,432,35,62,370,6519,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,53,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","WATRBRY 22",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2101,0,0,2029,0,0,1441,0,0,318,0,0,823,0,0,444,0,0,464,0,0,1190,0,0,485,0,0,2251,0,0,2609,0,0,1566,0,0,6520,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,55,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","W DANVIL 15",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,445,0,0,146,0,0,507,0,0,509,0,0,301,0,0,77,0,0,87,0,0,220,0,0,103,0,0,544,0,0,661,0,0,151,0,0,3743,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,47,58,"GREEN MOUNTAIN