Sample records for tioners district chilled

  1. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Central Air Condi- tioners Heat Pumps Indiv- idual Air Condi- tioners District Chilled Water Central Chillers Pack- aged Air Condi- tioning Units Swamp Coolers Other All...

  2. District Energy Technologies | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Technologies District Energy Technologies District energy systems produce steam, hot water, or chilled water at a central plant. Then they pipe the energy to...

  3. Optimization of Chilled Water Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gidwani, B. N.

    OPTIMIZATION OF CHILLED WATER SYSTEMS B. N. GIDWANI, P.E., Vice President? Roy F. Weston, Inc.?West Chester, Pennsylvania 19380 ABSTRACT Chilled water systems are one of the major energy consumers in industrial, commercial, and institutional... complexes. The centralization of chilled water systems presents numerous advantages, including simplified controls, reduced installation capacity due to diversity, and consolidated maintenance and operation. Centrally chilled water systems present...

  4. Optimization of Chilled Water Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gidwani, B. N.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OPTIMIZATION OF CHILLED WATER SYSTEMS central 0 e m a In 8. N. Gidwani, P.E. Project Director Roy F. Weston, Inc. West Chester. Pennsylvania 19380 ABSTRACT Chilled water systems are one of the major energy consumers in industrial... manually, using a prescribed operating pro- cedure for each load level, or through automatic controls. The system configuration plays an important role in establishing the economics of sequencing. For example, sequencing of chillers in series...

  5. Energy Efficiency in Chilling Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 Energy Efficiency in Chilling Plants Xin Wang????PhD. CandidateBuilding Energy Research Centre, Tsinghua University2006.10.11 2 Index ? Improve COP of chillers ? Increase load ratio? Decrease cooling water temperature? Increase chilled water... temperature ? Reduce energy use of pumps ? Avoid unexpected bypass flow? Keep Working on higher efficiency point? Optimized VFD control Report of On-site Survey, 2005, 20063 1.1 Improve load ratio ? Characteristic of the centrifugal chillers Decrease...

  6. Practical Solar Thermal Chilled Water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavell, B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the potential to impact America's use of non-renewable energy beyond its own design capacity by applying it to the optimization of an existing building's system. Solar-thermal chilling systems are not new. However, few of them can be described as a practical...

  7. Practical Solar Thermal Chilled Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavell, B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the potential to impact America's use of non-renewable energy beyond its own design capacity by applying it to the optimization of an existing building's system. Solar-thermal chilling systems are not new. However, few of them can be described as a practical...

  8. A Bigger Chill | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2 Q3 Ut68AJ02)5AAbigger-chill

  9. Utilization of ChillPeach Microarray Platform for Comparing Chilling Injury-Susceptible 'Hermoza' and Chilling Injury-Resistant 'Oded'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisosto, Carlos H.

    weeks of cold storage at 5 °C by utilizing ChillPeach cDNA microarray platform. Both cultivars are white and deteriorate quickly at ambient temperature. Cold storage is used to slow these processes and decay development and Crisosto, 2005). These symptoms mainly develop during fruit ripening after cold storage, and the problem

  10. Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Susanville District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...

  11. The Chilled Water and Hot Water Building Differential Pressure Setpoint Calculation - Chilled Water and Hot Water Pump Speed Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, W. D.; Bruner, H., Jr.; Claridge, D.; Liu, C.; Deng, S.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A&M University College Station, TX ABSTRACT More and more variable frequency devices (VFD) are being installed on the chilled water and hot water pumps on the TAMU campus. Those pump speeds are varied to maintain chilled water... and the rest 46 buildings are located on the west campus. More and more variable frequency devices (VFD) are installed on chilled water and hot water pumps. The variable speed pump has reduced the over-pressuring of water systems and reduced pump...

  12. Achieving High Chilled Water Delta T Without Blending Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Z.; Wang, G.; Xu, K.; Yu, Y.; Liu, M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the blending station performance. The results show that the blending station is not necessary in the building chilled water systems with 2-way modulation valves at end users. Actually the end user valve configuration and control mainly impacts building chilled...

  13. Transoceanic shipment of variety meats as affected by chilling system and packaging method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gawlik, Mary F.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    weight loss prior to retail Pe reer@age wight loss during retail Not chilled Cooler chilled Not chilled Cooler chilled Freezer drii led- P'ilC PIC PZC 1. 41 127 3 210 2. 99 3. 71 5. 346 3 72 3 Z30 4~c 5di3c 524 5 Jl 5. 68' 6M 8...

  14. Cooling Semiconductor Manufacturing Facilities with Chilled Water Storage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiorino, D. P.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of 35 psig was applied to the 36" diameter return header in the basement of the Central Utility Plant by a pressure-activated make-up valve. In addition, a hydro-pneumatic tank allowed for expansion. Chilled water was supplied at 42"F year... and a 5,000 gpm peak chilled water flow rate (1.33 gpmlton). Outside ofDPIIDMOS5, a pair of 600' long, 18" diameter overhead welded-steel primary chilled water pipelines were direct-connected with the Expressway manufacturing complex's existing...

  15. Continuous Commissioning of a Central Chilled Water & Hot Water System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, S.; Turner, W. D.; Batten, T.; Liu, M.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the campus loops and the building loops. Some optimization of the plant chiller 1 boiler operation is also necessary and beneficial. In general, through Continuous Commissioning, chilled water and hot water loop temperature differences will be improved...

  16. A Free Cooling Based Chilled Water System at Kingston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansen, P. R.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the concept of cooling chilled water with condenser water via plate heat exchangers. The other free cooling scheme considered was a process called 'strainer cycle'. In strainer cycle, the cooling tower water is pumped directly into the chilled water... and process equipment and the CDD's (coolant distribution units) of computers installed and on test. Additionally, switchover to strainer cycle would be more time consuming and difficult. For a high technology site the switch over must be smooth...

  17. Analysis of an alternate method of beef carcass chilling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Kirk Christian

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the potential energy savings of an alternate method of beef carcass chilline. This method involves a partial chilling of the carcasses in ambient temperature air following electrical stimulation. The effects of surface water spray and increased air velocity... is to determine the potential energy savings of this alternate method of beef carcass chilling. In order to accomplish this, four objectives of research have been proposed. These are listed below. 1. The effects of surface water spray and increase air...

  18. Regional Districts (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Adjacent Water Control and Improvement Districts and Municipal Utility Districts can opt to form a Regional District to oversee water issues. Such districts may be created:(1) to purchase, own,...

  19. Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Elko County School District District Heating Low Temperature...

  20. San Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    San Bernardino District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility San Bernardino District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating...

  1. Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  2. Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Philip District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  3. Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperatur...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Boise City Geothermal District Heating District Heating...

  4. Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Pagosa Springs District Heating District Heating Low...

  5. Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Midland District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Midland District Heating Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Midland,...

  6. Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Kethcum District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  7. Climate change effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luedeling, Eike; Blanke, Michael; Gebauer, Jens

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    chill for fruit crops in Germany Abstract To quantify thechange on fruit production in Germany, this study aimed atof typical winter chill in Germany around 2010, as well as

  8. The Development of an Energy Evaluation Tool for Chilled Water Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocki, M.; Kosanovic, D.; Ambs, L.

    An energy evaluation tool for chilled water systems was developed. This tool quantifies the energy usage of various chilled water systems and typical energy conservation measures that are applied to these systems. It can be used as a screening tool...

  9. Diversity of Low Chill Peaches (Prunus persica) from Asia, Brazil, Europe and the USA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Natalie A.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    One hundred fifty-five peach (Prunus persica) cultivars, from Asia, Brazil, Europe, and the USA, were examined using eleven Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) to study the genetic relationships among low chill as compared to high chill peach germplasm...

  10. Optimization of Chilled Water Flow and Its Distribution in Central Cooling System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G. P.; Hajiah, A. E.; ElSherbini, A. I.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    inefficiency included improper distribution of chilled water in the main branches, and bypassing return water through non-operation chillers....

  11. DistrictHeating Nuevasaladecalderasydistribucin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraguela, Basilio B.

    DistrictHeating Nuevasaladecalderasydistribución decaloreneláreauniversitariade AZapateira Jesús, difusión. DISTRICT HEATING O CALEFACCIÓN DE BARRIO #12;MATERIALIZACIÓN INTEGRACIÓN VISUAL DE ELEMENTOS rendimiento global de la instalación. - Contabilización de pérdidas en tuberías de distribución. #12;DISTRICT

  12. Conservation Districts (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A Conservation District can be established by petition of registered voters within the territory proposed for organization into the district, with the approval of the State Conservation Commission....

  13. Natural Resources Districts (Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This statute establishes Natural Resources District, encompassing all of the area of the state, to conserve, protect, develop, and manage Nebraska's natural resources. These districts replace and...

  14. RESEARCH PAPER Cell wall metabolism during the development of chilling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisosto, Carlos H.

    for 3 d to induce chilling injury. With increasing cold storage the incidence and severity of mealiness. Chelator-soluble polyuronides from mealy fruit were partially depolymerized during cold storage in a man showed only minor differences between juicy and mealy fruit. After cold storage and ripening

  15. District Heating and Cooling Technology Development Program: Phase 2, Investigation of reduced-cost heat-actuated desiccant cooling systems for DHC applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patch, K.D.; DiBella, F.A.; Becker, F.E.

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed assessment has been completed of the use of desiccant-based customer-sited heat-actuated cooling for District Heating and Cooling (DHC) systems, showing that introduction of a reduced-cost desiccant cooling system would result in widespread market penetration. This program consisted of three principal components: a market study of existing and future reduced-cost liquid desiccant cooling (LDC) systems; an examination of the installed costs of these existing and reduced-cost LDC systems; and four detailed case studies. Both the installed cost and equivalent chilled water cost of existing large LDC systems were found to be quite competitive with district chilled water, while the high capital cost of small LDC systems made them more expensive than district chilled water. Potential total system sales in this existing large-scale LDC market are quite low, since most of the market for DHC space conditioning is in smaller equipment sizes. Cost savings realized from producing a reduced-cost LDC system would result in small LDC systems (sized well below 6,000 cfm) becoming competitive with the current range of district chilled water costs.

  16. 1992 National census for district heating, cooling and cogeneration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    District energy systems are a major part of the energy use and delivery infrastructure of the United States. With nearly 6,000 operating systems currently in place, district energy represents approximately 800 billion BTU per hour of installed thermal production capacity, and provides over 1.1 quadrillion BTU of energy annually -- about 1.3% of all energy used in the US each year. Delivered through more that 20,000 miles of pipe, this energy is used to heat and cool almost 12 billion square feet of enclosed space in buildings that serve a diverse range of office, education, health care, military, industrial and residential needs. This Census is intended to provide a better understanding of the character and extent of district heating, cooling and cogeneration in the United States. It defines a district energy system as: Any system that provides thermal energy (steam, hot water, or chilled water) for space heating, space cooling, or process uses from a central plant, and that distributes the energy to two or more buildings through a network of pipes. If electricity is produced, the system is a cogenerating facility. The Census was conducted through surveys administered to the memberships of eleven national associations and agencies that collectively represent the great majority of the nation`s district energy system operators. Responses received from these surveys account for about 11% of all district systems in the United States. Data in this report is organized and presented within six user sectors selected to illustrate the significance of district energy in institutional, community and utility settings. Projections estimate the full extent of district energy systems in each sector.

  17. A Simple and Quick Chilled Water Loop Balancing for Variable Flow System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Y.; Batten, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    system is reduced by about 40%. Key words: chilled water, loop, riser, balancing, commissioning, cold deck, pump, energy consumption, EMCS. INTRODUCTION Variable flow pumping systems are becoming more prevalent in the chilled water loops or risers... the building owner, facility engineers or HVAC operators more opportunities to run the chilled water system more efficiently. Generally, the pump speeds are controlled by the EMCS or a stand-alone controller to maintain the differential pressure setpoints...

  18. Room air stratification in combined chilled ceiling and displacement ventilation systems.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiavon, Stefano; Bauman, Fred; Tully, Brad; Rimmer, Julian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nodal model for displacement ventilation and chilled ceiling2002. Displacement ventilation in non- industrial premises.ceiling/displacement ventilation hybrid air conditioning

  19. Economic Improvement Districts (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A legislative body may adopt an ordinance establishing an economic improvement district and an Economic Improvement Board to manage development in a respective district. The Board can choose to...

  20. District Heating and Cooling Technology Development Program: Phase 2, Investigation of reduced-cost heat-actuated desiccant cooling systems for DHC applications. Final report, August 20, 1990--January 1, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patch, K.D.; DiBella, F.A.; Becker, F.E.

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed assessment has been completed of the use of desiccant-based customer-sited heat-actuated cooling for District Heating and Cooling (DHC) systems, showing that introduction of a reduced-cost desiccant cooling system would result in widespread market penetration. This program consisted of three principal components: a market study of existing and future reduced-cost liquid desiccant cooling (LDC) systems; an examination of the installed costs of these existing and reduced-cost LDC systems; and four detailed case studies. Both the installed cost and equivalent chilled water cost of existing large LDC systems were found to be quite competitive with district chilled water, while the high capital cost of small LDC systems made them more expensive than district chilled water. Potential total system sales in this existing large-scale LDC market are quite low, since most of the market for DHC space conditioning is in smaller equipment sizes. Cost savings realized from producing a reduced-cost LDC system would result in small LDC systems (sized well below 6,000 cfm) becoming competitive with the current range of district chilled water costs.

  1. Condensation Risk in a Room with High Latent Load and Chilled Ceiling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    proposed a new ventilation system with radiant cooling panel and air supplied from a liquid desiccant dehumidification system, which provided very dry supply air and chilled water for radiant cooling. This study usedCondensation Risk in a Room with High Latent Load and Chilled Ceiling Panel and with Air Supplied

  2. Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Control of Chilled Water System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    supply temperatures may improve the efficiency while meeting cooling requirements for cleanroom for cleanrooms and their adjacent spaces. Chillers 39% Cooling Towers 7% Pumps 17% MUAH + RCU Fans 9% Hot Water;chilled water pumps, secondary loop chilled water pumps, condenser water pumps, and cooling towers

  3. Operating experience of a chilled water storage system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierpoint, T.J.; Marsilii, J.A.

    1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) is actively studying methods, such as Thermal Energy Storage (TES), to reduce the summer peak growth rate. TES is a technology that can provide significant reductions in the summer on-peak demand level thereby aiding building owners in reducing their operating costs while helping utilities reduce summer peak load growth. From analysis of PEPCO's chilled water storage system in its Forestville, MD office building it is evident that for demand reduction to be achieved significant consideration must be placed in the operational strategies chosen for the TES system. The chiller priority strategy was chosen because it is straightforward to implement and provides security that stored chilled water will always be available. The building, operating under the chiller priority scenario, accomplished a maximum load reduction 20 kW in 1985 and an average summer season load reduction of 13.5 kW. Demand reductions of up to 50 kW were expected but not achieved largely due to the operational strategies chosen. An alternative approach is storage priority. If storage priority had been implemented for the 1985 cooling season, analysis indicate that the expected demand reductions of 50 kW could have been achieved. 7 figures, 2 tables.

  4. Groundwater Conservation Districts (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Groundwater Conservation Districts, as created following procedures described in Water Code 36, are designed to provide for the conservation, preservation, protection, recharging, and prevention of...

  5. Municipal Utility Districts (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Municipal Utility Districts, regulated by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, may be created for the following purposes: (1) the control, storage, preservation, and distribution of its...

  6. City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperatur...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Klamath Falls District Heating District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility City of Klamath Falls...

  7. Economic Development Project Districts (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Redevelopment commissions may petition legislative bodies to designate economic development project districts in cities with populations between 80,500 and 500,000. Such districts may be...

  8. Lessons and Measures Learned from Continuous Commissioning(SM) of Central Chilled/Hot Water Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, S.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Bruner, H.; Chen, H.; Wei, G.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As it has been proved repeatedly that commissioning is very necessary for new construction and renovation/retrofit projects, we found continuous commissioningSM (CC) is an effective and efficient way to manage and optimize existing central chilled...

  9. Energy Comparison Between Conventional and Chilled Water Thermal Storage Air Conditioning Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebzali, M.; Hussain, H. J.; Ameer, B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , encouraged by government subsidies and driven by the rapid and continual expansion in building construction, urban development, and the heavy reliance on Air Conditioning (AC) systems for the cooling of buildings. The Chilled Water Thermal Storage (CWTS...

  10. Tenderness, drip loss, and postmortem metabilism of broiler pectoralis from electrically stimulated and air chilled carcasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skarovsky, Clinton John

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of postmortem electrical stimulation (ES) on tenderness, absorbance ratio (r-value), pH, and drip loss of breast fillets following air chilling. In each of four replications, eight birds were...

  11. Optimization of a Chilled Water Plant Using a Forward Plant Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Z.; Turner, W. D.; Chen, Q.; Xu, C.; Deng, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces a forward chilled water plant model to optimize the setpoints of continuous controlled variables in a chiller plant without storage and controlled by supervisory control. It can also be used to estimate the savings potential...

  12. Spray-chilling and carcass decontamination systems using lactic and acetic acid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamby, Patrick Lawrence

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF SCIENCE December 1986 Najor Subject; Food Science and Technology SPRAY-CHILLING AND CARCASS DECONTAMINATION SYSTEMS USING LACTIC AND ACETIC ACID A Thesis by PATRICK LAWRENCE NAMBY Approved as to style and content by: H. R. Cross (Co...-Chairman of Committee) f W. Sa 11 (Co-Chai n Committee) Fred A. Gardner (Member) C. Vanderz t (Member ary C. Smith (Head of Department) December 1986 ABSTRACT Spray-Chilling and Carcass Decontamination Systems Using Lactic and Acetic Acid (December 1986...

  13. Responses of lactating Holstein cows to chilled drinking in the summer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Deborah Lee

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RESPONSES OF LACTATING HOLSTEIN COWS TO CHILLED DRINKING WATER IN THE SUMMER A Thesis by DEBORAH LEE NOEL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May l988 Major Subject: Nutrition RESPONSES OF LACTATING HOLSTEIN COWS TO CHILLED DRINKING WATER IN THE SUMMER A Thesis by DEBORAH LEE NOEL Approved as to style and content by: Carl E. Coppock (Chair of Committee) Thomas H. Welsh Jr...

  14. The effect of chilled drinking water on heat-stressed lactating Holstein cows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Christopher Charles

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF CHILLED DRINKING WATER ON HEAT-STRESSED LACTATING HOLSTEIN COWS A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER CHARLES BAKER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A 5 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1987 Major Subject: Nutrition THE EFFECT OF CHILLED DRINKING WATER ON HEAT-STRESSED LACTATING HOLSTEIN COWS A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER CHARLES BAKER Approved as to style and content: Carl E. Coppock (Chair of Committee...

  15. Updated January 2014 District Coordinators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Lapeer, Sanilac, St. Clair, Tuscola Joseph Bixler MSU Extension District 10, 200 Grand River Ave., Suite

  16. A Method to Determine the Optimal Tank Size for a Chilled Water Storage System Under a Time-of-Use Electricity Rate Structure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Z.; Turner, W. D.; Chen, Q.; Xu, C.; Deng, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the downtown area of Austin, it is planned to build a new naturally stratified chilled water storage tank and share it among four separated chilled water plants. An underground piping system is to be established to ...

  17. Chiller Start/Stop Optimization for a Campus-wide Chilled Water System with a Thermal Storage Tank Under a Four-Period Electricity Rate Schedule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, J.; Wei, G.; Turner, W. D.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D.; Contreras, O.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The existence of a 1.4-million-gallon chilled water thermal storage tank greatly increases the operational flexibility of a campuswide chilled water system under a four-part electricity rate structure. While significant operational savings can...

  18. Forestry Policies (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Forest policy and guidelines in Washington D.C. are focused on urban forestry, and are managed by the District Department of Transportation's Urban Forestry Administration. In 2010 The District...

  19. Water Resource Districts (North Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Water Resource Districts are created throughout the state of North Dakota to manage, conserve, protect, develop, and control water resources. Each District will be governed by a Water Resource...

  20. Local Water Quality Districts (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This statute provides for the creation of local water quality districts to prevent and mitigate ground and surface water contamination. Each local water quality district may develop and implement a...

  1. User manual for AQUASTOR: a computer model for cost analysis of aquifer thermal-energy storage oupled with district-heating or cooling systems. Volume II. Appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huber, H.D.; Brown, D.R.; Reilly, R.W.

    1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A computer model called AQUASTOR was developed for calculating the cost of district heating (cooling) using thermal energy supplied by an aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system. the AQUASTOR Model can simulate ATES district heating systems using stored hot water or ATES district cooling systems using stored chilled water. AQUASTOR simulates the complete ATES district heating (cooling) system, which consists of two prinicpal parts: the ATES supply system and the district heating (cooling) distribution system. The supply system submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of thermal energy supplied to the distribution system by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the exploration, development, and operation of the ATES supply system. The distribution system submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of heat (chill) delivered by the distribution system to the end-users by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the construction and operation of the distribution system. The model combines the technical characteristics of the supply system and the technical characteristics of the distribution system with financial and tax conditions for the entities operating the two systems into one techno-economic model. This provides the flexibility to individually or collectively evaluate the impact of different economic and technical parameters, assumptions, and uncertainties on the cost of providing district heating (cooling) with an ATES system. This volume contains all the appendices, including supply and distribution system cost equations and models, descriptions of predefined residential districts, key equations for the cooling degree-hour methodology, a listing of the sample case output, and appendix H, which contains the indices for supply input parameters, distribution input parameters, and AQUASTOR subroutines.

  2. Georgia Institute of Technology chilled water system evaluation and master plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As the host of the Olympic Village for the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, Georgia Tech has experienced a surge in construction activities over the last three years. Over 1.3 million square feet of new buildings have been constructed on the Georgia Tech campus. This growth has placed a strain on the Georgia Tech community and challenged the facilities support staff charged with planning and organizing utility services. In concert with Olympic construction, utility planners have worked to ensure long term benefits for Georgia Tech facilities while meeting the short term requirements of the Olympic Games. The concentration of building construction in the northwest quadrant of the campus allowed planners to construct a satellite chilled water plant to serve the needs of this area and provide the opportunity to integrate this section of the campus with the main campus chilled water system. This assessment and master plan, funded in part by the US Department of Energy, has evaluated the chilled water infrastructure at Georgia Tech, identified ongoing problems and made recommendations for long term chilled water infrastructure development and efficiency improvements. The Georgia Tech office of Facilities and RDA Engineering, Inc. have worked together to assemble relevant information and prepare the recommendations contained in this document.

  3. Heat Transfer Performance and Piping Strategy Study for Chilled Water Systems at Low Cooling Loads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Nanxi 1986-

    2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    cooling loads, it may lead to the laminar flow of the chilled water in the cooling coils. The main objective of this thesis is to explain the heat transfer performance of the cooling coils under low cooling loads. The water side and air side heat transfer...

  4. District Wide Geothermal Heating Conversion Blaine County School...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    District Wide Geothermal Heating Conversion Blaine County School District District Wide Geothermal Heating Conversion Blaine County School District This project will impact the...

  5. International District Energy Association

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Since its formation in 1909, the International District Energy Association (IDEA) has served as a principal industry advocate and management resource for owners, operators, developers, and suppliers of district heating and cooling systems in cities, campuses, bases, and healthcare facilities. Today, with over 1,400 members in 26 countries, IDEA continues to organize high-quality technical conferences that inform, connect, and advance the industry toward higher energy efficiency and lower carbon emissions through innovation and investment in scalable sustainable solutions. With the support of DOE, IDEA performs industry research and market analysis to foster high impact projects and help transform the U.S. energy industry. IDEA was an active participant in the original Vision and Roadmap process and has continued to partner with DOE on combined heat and power (CHP) efforts across the country.

  6. 1District health services research: 2011 District health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geldenhuys, Jaco

    meDicine anD Primary care, faculty of meDicine anD HealtH sciences, stellenboscH university #12RoDUctIon...................................................................................................................................... clInIcal famIly meDIcIne anD DIstRIct health caRe systems1District health services research: 2011 District health services research: 2011Division of family

  7. Inland Navigation Districts and Florida Inland Navigation District Law (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The first part of this legislation establishes Inland Navigation Districts, which are authorized to plan for and manage the development of inland waterways, and to maintain public navigation...

  8. Soil Conservation Districts Law (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation establishes a soil and water conservation division within the Iowa Department of Agriculture, as well as local soil and water conservation districts. The regulations accompanying...

  9. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN DIVISION COALITION TO DEFEND PARTY, Plaintiffs, v. JENNIFER GRANHOLM, in her official capacity as Governor of the State of Michigan, the REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, the BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY, the BOARD

  10. Drainage, Sanitation, and Public Facilities Districts (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation provides for the establishment of sanitary, sanitation, drainage, and public facilities districts in Virginia. Designated districts are public bodies, and have the authority to...

  11. Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Litchfield Correctional Center District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  12. Heat Transfer Performance and Piping Strategy Study for Chilled Water Systems at Low Cooling Loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Nanxi 1986-

    2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Cooling Coil Efficiency Water viscosity at the water bulk temperature Water fluid viscosity at the pipe wall temperature Fin Pitch ix TABLE OF CONTENTS... of the analysis will be compared with the weather data and chilled water system data of the DFW Airport during 2010. Other possible causes of the reduced delta-T at low loads exist and will be investigated. 8 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Heat transfer...

  13. Decoupled Modeling of Chilled Water Cooling Coils Using a Finite Element Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, G.; Liu, M.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decoupled Modeling of Chilled Water Cooling Coils Using a Finite Element Method Gang Wang Research Associate University of Nebraska – Lincoln Mingsheng Liu Professor University of Nebraska – Lincoln David E. Claridge Professor Texas A... be decoupled using a constant sensible heat ratio (SHR) and the saturation humidity ratio vs. temperature curve can be treated as linear in a small area corresponding to a finite element of the coil. This paper presents the decoupled cooling coil model...

  14. Case study of Chilled Water Loop Low Delta-T Fault Diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, L.; Meline, K.; Watt, J.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    verification, degraded performance ESL-IC-14-09-12 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 ...Case Study of Chilled Water Loop Low DT Fault Diagnosis Presented by Lei Wang Ph.D. P.E. Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University System Sep. 15, 2014 Energy Systems Laboratory p. 1 ESL-IC-14-09-12a Proceedings of the 14th International...

  15. Comparison of the afterripening period of peach seeds with the chilling requirements of the parent variety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worthington, Josiah Wistar

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of afterripening to chilling requirement of' parent V. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 20 26 29 LITERATURE CITED APPENDIX 34 Seed hydration as affected by soaking period Seed germination as influenced by seed hydration during afterripening 35 Germination of.... Influence of stratification time on germi- nation of S-37 and Okinawa peach seeds Page 22 LIST OF FIGURES 1. Seed hydration a. influenced by soaking Page 16 2. Afterripening effectiveness as influenced by pre- soaking seeds 17 3. Germination...

  16. Missouri School District Charges Up

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri's Lee's Summit R-7 school district's distribution fleet was tired. Many of the vehicles had racked up more than 300,000 miles and made frequent trips to the shop to repair the 20 plus-year-old parts.

  17. UNIVERSITY OF THE DISTRICT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    UNIVERSITY OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 1 Removal of Eutrophic Nutrients from Wastewater-Supplemented Digester Elutriate in the Fermentor 2. The Effect of Differential- Heating of Digester Elutriate on its

  18. Groundwater Conservation Districts: Success Stories 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, Dana; Persyn, Russell A.; Enciso, Juan

    1999-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand for water is increasing, so our aquifers must be conserved and protected. The Groundwater Conservation Districts in Texas are carrying out a number of successful programs in the areas of education and public awareness, technical assistance...

  19. Groundwater Conservation Districts: Success Stories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, Dana; Persyn, Russell A.; Enciso, Juan

    1999-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    these limited resources is increasing, so our aquifers must be conserved and protected for the benefit of the state?s economy, our natural ecosystems, and our quality of life. The Texas Water Code, Chapter 36, calls for the creation of Groundwater Conservation... groundwater reservoirs or their subdivisions.? In Texas, local deci- sion making through Groundwater Conservation Districts has been the rule and not the exception. In fact, Groundwater Conservation Districts are the state?s preferred method of groundwater...

  20. Regulatory analysis for the resolution of Generic Issue 143: Availability of chilled water system and room cooling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leung, V.T.

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the regulatory analysis for Generic Issue (GI-143), {open_quotes}Availability of Chilled Water System and Room Cooling.{close_quotes} The heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and related auxiliaries are required to provide control of environmental conditions in areas in light water reactor (LWR) plants that contain safety-related equipment. In some plants, the HVAC and chilled water systems serve to maintain a suitable environment for both safety and non-safety-related areas. Although some plants have an independent chilled water system for the safety-related areas, the heat removal capability often depends on the operability of other supporting systems such as the service water system or the component cooling water system. The operability of safety-related components depends upon operation of the HVAC and chilled water systems to remove heat from areas containing the equipment. If cooling to dissipate the heat generated is unavailable, the ability of the safety-related equipment to operate as intended cannot be assured. Typical components or areas in the nuclear power plant that could be affected by the failure of cooling from HVAC or chilled water systems include the (1) emergency switchgear and battery rooms, (2) emergency diesel generator room, (3) pump rooms for residual heat removal, reactor core isolation cooling, high-pressure core spray, and low-pressure core spray, and (4) control room. The unavailability of such safety-related equipment or areas could cause the core damage frequency (CDF) to increase significantly.

  1. TAXPRACTITIONER'S Tax PracTiTioner's insTiTuTe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Jay

    Federal & nYs Tax Law updates. Designed for CPA's, Enrolled Agents and other tax practitioners tuition includes all sessions, materials, refreshment breaks and the $15 registration fee. approved by nYs Building, room 118P DaYs onLY: MondaythroughFriday,9am-4:45pm (OfficeclosedJan.1,19;Feb.12,16,and;May25) We

  2. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Township High School District...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    School District 214 Workplace charging helps Township High School District 214's sustainability program by reducing its employees' carbon footprint in the community. The District...

  3. Relationship of endogenous abscisic acid to peach chilling requirement, bloom date and applied gibberellic acid 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derickson, Gary Wayne

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RIZATIO??SHI ' O). " RvirOGEiVOUS A??SCISIC ACID 'O PZAC. '? !"ni RHQUIR "v?7??T, L' OO&1 DATL' I"'D ArP IB3 QIHB?2 ? II' AC:D A T'?;esis hrr GARY r~?AYI?R D" RIC. "CSOV Sehrei44ec'. to the Gr e~lurrte C" leSr. Iexes A'. ?', University... GARY WAYNE DERICKSON Approved as to style and. content 'by: Chairman of Committee) Head of Departmen g~. QJ, c Member W', n !. Member May 1977 c weas ABHTII(' T Relationship of Endo;, enema Ab cisic Acicl to Peach Chilling Eirquirement, Bloc...

  4. What is Wind Chill Temperature? It is the temperature it "feels like" outside and is based on the rate of heat loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    What is Wind Chill Temperature? It is the temperature it "feels like" outside and is based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin caused by the effects of wind and cold. As the wind increases, the body is cooled at a faster rate causing the skin temperature to drop. Wind Chill does not impact

  5. Modern hot water district heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karnitz, M.A.; Barnes, M.H.; Kadrmas, C.; Nyman, H.O.

    1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The history of district heating in Europe is drastically different from that in the United States. The development of district heating in northern and eastern Europe started in the early 1950s. Hot water rather than steam was used as the transport medium and the systems have proven to be more economical. Recently, the northern European concept has been introduced into two US cities - St. Paul and Willmar, Minnesota. The hot water project in St. Paul started construction and operation in the summer and fall of 1983, respectively. The entire first phase of the St. Paul project will take two summers to construct and will connect approximately 80 buildings for a total of 150 MW(t). The system spans the entire St. Paul business district and includes privately owned offices and retail buildings, city and county government buildings, hospitals, the state Capitol complex, and several industrial customers. The City of Willmar, Minnesota, replaced an old steam system with a modern hot water system in the summer of 1982. The first phase of the hot water system was constructed in the central business district. The system serves a peak thermal load of about 10 MW(t) and includes about 12,000 ft of network. The Willmar system completed the second stage of development in the fall of 1983. These two new systems demonstrate the benefits of the low-temperature hot water district heating technology. The systems are economical to build, have high reliability, and have low maintenance and operating cost.

  6. Desiccant-based, heat-actuated cooling assessment for DHC (District Heating and Cooling) systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patch, K.D.; DiBella, F.A.; Becker, F.E.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An assessment has been completed of the use of desiccant-based, heat-actuated cooling for District Heating and Cooling (DHC) systems, showing that such desiccant-based cooling (DBC) systems are generally applicable to District Heating (DH) systems. Since the DH system only has to supply hot water (or steam) to its customers, systems that were designed as conventional two-pipe DH systems can now be operated as DHC systems without major additional capital expense. Desiccant-based DHC systems can be operated with low-grade DH-supplied heat, at temperatures below 180{degree}F, without significant loss in operating capacity, relative to absorption chillers. During this assessment, a systems analysis was performed, an experimental investigation was conducted, developmental requirements for commercializing DBC systems were examined, and two case studies were conducted. As a result of the case studies, it was found that the operating cost of a DBC system was competitive with or lower than the cost of purchasing DHC-supplied chilled water. However, because of the limited production volume and the current high capital costs of desiccant systems, the payback period is relatively long. In this regard, through the substitution of low-cost components specifically engineered for low-temperature DHC systems, the capital costs should be significantly reduced and overall economics made attractive to future users. 17 figs.

  7. Evaluating Water Transfers in Irrigation Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Narishwar

    2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The participation of irrigation districts (IDs) in surface water transfers from agriculture-to-municipal uses is studied by examining IDs’ economic and political behavior, comparing their performance with non-districts (non-IDs), and analyzing...

  8. University of the District of Columbia District of Columbia Drinking Water Blind Taste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    University of the District of Columbia District of Columbia Drinking Water Blind Taste Testing for Nutrition, Diet and Health Cooperative Extension Service University of the District of Columbia Dawanna University of the District of Columbia Date: May 2005 Prepared for the DC Water Resources Research Institute

  9. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ___________________________________ ) THE HUMANE SOCIETY OF THE ) UNITED STATES, et al., ) ) Plaintiffs, ) ) v. ) Civil Action No. 05-1392 (ESH amendments be vacated; it is Case 1:05-cv-01392-ESH Document 29 Filed 05/26/2006 Page 1 of 2 #12;FURTHER/ ELLEN SEGAL HUVELLE United States District Judge Date: May 26, 2006 Case 1:05-cv-01392-ESH Document 29

  10. Vacant District Chair Positions (as of 1/28/2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    , Lassen, Plumas Counties District 15 ­ Yuba & Sutter Counties District 16 ­ Tri-County Area (includes Red: NORTHERN CALIFORNIA District 10/11 ­ Siskiyou County, Humboldt & Eureka Counties District 13 ­ Modoc Bluff in Tehama County) REGION 2: SACRAMENTO & NORTH SIERRAS District 21 ­ El Dorado County District 23

  11. Groundwater and geothermal: urban district heating applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mounts, R.; Frazier, A.; Wood, E.; Pyles, O.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes how several cities use groundwater and geothermal energy in district heating systems. It begins with groundwater, introducing the basic technology and techniques of development, and describing two case studies of cities with groundwater-based district heating systems. The second half of the report consists of three case studies of cities with district heating systems using higher temperature geothermal resources.

  12. Development of ChillPeach genomic tools and identification of cold-responsive genes in peach fruit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisosto, Carlos H.

    or China, or export to other countries can require a lengthy storage period. Also, the global industry canDevelopment of ChillPeach genomic tools and identification of cold-responsive genes in peach fruit and used in a pilot experiment to identify differentially expressed genes in cold-treated compared

  13. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Sources (more than one may apply) Elec- tricity Natural Gas District Chilled Water Elec- tricity Natural Gas District Chilled Water All Buildings* ......

  14. Effects of Lactic Acid and Commercial Chilling Processes on Survival of Salmonella spp., Yersinia enterocolitica, and Campylobacter coli in Pork Variety Meats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Amanda Mardelle

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    /sample, the application of lactic acid before chilling and freezing variety meats results in significantly larger (P<0.05) reductions in microorganisms. Results also show that aerobic plate counts, E. coli, and coliforms follow similar trends to the pathogens....

  15. Groundbreaking High-Performance Building Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, J.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    organizations and governments Business stakeholders 2030 Districts are business models for urban sustainability through collaboration, leveraged financing, and shared resources. ESL-KT-14-11-28 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas.... ? Understand the basics functions of a 2030 District. ? Recognize that the 2030 District process will produce a healthier and more productive building. ? Be able to apply the available resources. ? Be able to utilize the resources to produce more efficient...

  16. District Coordinators District 1--Serving Baraga, Dickinson, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron, Keweenaw, Marquette, Menominee, Ontonagon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Tuscola Joseph Bixler MSU Extension District 10, 200 Grand River Ave., Suite 102, Port Huron, MI 48060 e

  17. White Bear Lake Conservation District (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This statute establishes the White Bear Lake Conservation District, which has the authority to set water and land use regulations for the area around White Bear Lake.

  18. Regional Districts, Commissions, and Authorities (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This legislation establishes a number of regional districts, commissions, and authorities with the power to implement regulations and development plans for protected park and recreational areas.

  19. Berkeley County School District Rodney Thompson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    Berkeley County School District Rodney Thompson Chief Administrative Officer TO: Institutions of Higher Learning FROM: Rodney Thompson, Chief Administrative Officer Through: Dr. Anthony Parker

  20. Lassen Municipal Utility District- PV Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lassen Municipal Utility District (LMUD) is providing incentives for its customers to purchase solar electric photovoltaic (PV) systems. Rebate levels will decrease annually over the life of the...

  1. District Heating with Renewable Energy Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This no cost Community Renewable Energy Success Stories webinar on "District Heating with Renewable Energy" presented by the Energy Department will feature two presentations. The first will discuss...

  2. Empire District Electric- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Empire District Electric Company offers rebates for customers who construct highly efficient homes and purchase efficient central air conditioners. Eligible customers include residential...

  3. Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    District Heating with Renewable Energy," originally presented on November 20, 2012. Operator: The broadcast is now starting. All attendees are in listen-only mode. Sarah Busche:...

  4. Business Energy Rebate Program (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The District of Columbia's Sustainable Energy Utility (SEU) administers the Business Energy Rebate Program. Rebates are available to businesses and institutions for the installation of energy...

  5. assist district health: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... clInIcal famIly meDIcIne anD DIstRIct health caRe systems1District health services research: 2011 District health services...

  6. akonolinga health district: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... clInIcal famIly meDIcIne anD DIstRIct health caRe systems1District health services research: 2011 District health services...

  7. Chilled Water Thermal Storage System and Demand Response at the University of California at Merced

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Granderson, Jessica; Dudley, Junqiao Han; Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann

    2009-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The University of California at Merced is a unique campus that has benefited from intensive efforts to maximize energy efficiency, and has participated in a demand response program for the past two years. Campus demand response evaluations are often difficult because of the complexities introduced by central heating and cooling, non-coincident and diverse building loads, and existence of a single electrical meter for the entire campus. At the University of California at Merced, a two million gallon chilled water storage system is charged daily during off-peak price periods and used to flatten the load profile during peak demand periods. This makes demand response more subtle and challenges typical evaluation protocols. The goal of this research is to study demand response savings in the presence of storage systems in a campus setting. First, University of California at Merced summer electric loads are characterized; second, its participation in two demand response events is detailed. In each event a set of strategies were pre-programmed into the campus control system to enable semi-automated response. Finally, demand savings results are applied to the utility's DR incentives structure to calculate the financial savings under various DR programs and tariffs. A key conclusion to this research is that there is significant demand reduction using a zone temperature set point change event with the full off peak storage cooling in use.

  8. Uncertainty Analysis for a Virtual Flow Meter Using an Air-Handling Unit Chilled Water Valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Song, Li; Wang, Gang; Brambley, Michael R.

    2013-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A virtual water flow meter is developed that uses the chilled water control valve on an air-handling unit as a measurement device. The flow rate of water through the valve is calculated using the differential pressure across the valve and its associated coil, the valve command, and an empirically determined valve characteristic curve. Thus, the probability of error in the measurements is significantly greater than for conventionally manufactured flow meters. In this paper, mathematical models are developed and used to conduct uncertainty analysis for the virtual flow meter, and the results from the virtual meter are compared to measurements made with an ultrasonic flow meter. Theoretical uncertainty analysis shows that the total uncertainty in flow rates from the virtual flow meter is 1.46% with 95% confidence; comparison of virtual flow meter results with measurements from an ultrasonic flow meter yielded anuncertainty of 1.46% with 99% confidence. The comparable results from the theoretical uncertainty analysis and empirical comparison with the ultrasonic flow meter corroborate each other, and tend to validate the approach to computationally estimating uncertainty for virtual sensors introduced in this study.

  9. Special Improvement Districts for Redevelopment of Blighted Areas (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Local redevelopment commissions may designate special improvement districts to aid local public improvements and provide special benefits to district property owners.

  10. New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name New Mexico State University District Heating Low Temperature...

  11. State-Ocean City Beach Erosion Control District (Maryland)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A Beach Erosion Control District constitutes part of the Ocean City shoreline. Land clearing, construction activity, or the construction or placement of permanent structures within the district is...

  12. Oregon Institute of Technology District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Oregon Institute of Technology District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility...

  13. Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Fort Boise Veteran's Hospital District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

  14. Modesto Irrigation District- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Modesto Irrigation District’s Commercial Power Saver Rebate Program offers incentives to commercial, industrial, and agricultural customers for the purchase and installation of qualifying energy...

  15. Modesto Irrigation District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Modesto Irrigation District’s Home Rebate Program offers residential customers cash rebates for the purchase and installation of qualifying energy efficient products installed in existing homes....

  16. Sustainable Energy Utility- Residential Energy Efficiency Program (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The District of Columbia Sustainable Energy Utility currently offers the Residential Energy Efficiency Program. The program provides financial incentives to District residents who install energy-...

  17. Okaloosa Gas District Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Okaloosa Gas District Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation Okaloosa Gas District Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and...

  18. amansie west district: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from prosecution, school districts run the substantial risk of extremely negative media publicity when... Smith, Richard Kimball 2005-08-29 18 Rangitikei District Visitor...

  19. Case Study of Stratified Chilled Water Storage Utilization for Comfort and Process Cooling in a Hot, Humid Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahnfleth, W. P.; Musser, A.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by approximately $1.5 million per year. The thermal storage tank is a fully buried cylindrical, precast, pre-stressed tank with four-ring single pipe octagonal diffusers. It holds 5.2 million gallons (1 9.7 million L) of water, and is 140 ft (42.7 m... of the system and its operation is followed by presentation of operating data taken during 1997. INTRODUCTION Chilled water thermal energy storage ('TES) in naturally stratified tanks has been shown to be a valuable central cooling plant load management...

  20. Water Control and Improvement Districts (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality is authorized to review and establish local water districts throughout the state of Texas. The Water Code gives the Commission the right of...

  1. Applied Solutions Webinar: Insights Into District Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Local governments and their communities that inhabit dense locations can take advantage of district heating and/or cooling systems as a way to increase energy efficiency and reliability while...

  2. Soil and Water Conservation Districts (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Soil and Water Conservation Districts are local governmental subdivisions of the state of South Carolina, established to provide for land and water conservation and prevent erosion in the state....

  3. Garrison Diversion Conservancy District (North Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Garrison Conservancy District is a state agency established to provide for land irrigation, to establish and restore depleted lakes and stabilize stream flows, and to make waters available for...

  4. Major Source Permits (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The District reviews designs for new pollution sources and design modifications for existing sources. Permits are issued to allow sources to emit limited and specified amounts of pollution as...

  5. Merced Irrigation District- PV Buydown Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Merced Irrigation District (MID) offers its residential, commercial and non-profit customers a rebate for installing solar electric photovoltaic (PV) systems on their homes and offices. The rebate...

  6. Modesto Irrigation District- Photovoltaic Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Modesto Irrigation District offers a photovoltaic rebate program for all of their electric customers. The peak output capacity of a system must be 1 kW or greater to participate. Systems up to 30...

  7. Solidere : the battle for Beirut's Central District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mango, Tamam, 1981-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Beirut Central District was destroyed during the Lebanese Civil War which extended from 1975 to 1990. Unable to reconstruct the center itself, the Lebanese government turned to a private Real Estate Holding Company ...

  8. Western Lake Superior Sanitary District (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A sanitary board is established to deal with long-term serious problems relating to water pollution and solid waste disposal in the area. The district can set regulations regarding garbage...

  9. Recreational Lake and Water Quality Districts (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Territory contiguous to a recreational lake may be incorporated into a recreational lake and water quality district if such action is conducive to the public health, comfort, convenience, water...

  10. Industrial Revenue Bond Program (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The District provides below market bond financing to lower the costs of borrowing for qualified capital construction and renovation projects. The program is available to non-profits, institutions,...

  11. Underground Storage Tank Management (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The  installation, upgrade and operation of any petroleum UST (>110 gallons) or hazardous substance UST System, including heating oil tanks over 1,100 gallons capacity in the District requires a...

  12. District of Columbia Recovery Act State Memo

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation’s energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in the District of Columbia...

  13. ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","District Chilled Water","Propane","Othera"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventional Gasoline Sales toReformulated, Average0.9 Relative Standard Errors for Table9

  14. ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","District Chilled Water","Propane","Othera"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventional Gasoline Sales toReformulated, Average0.9 Relative Standard Errors for Table98. Energy

  15. Value impact analysis of Generic Issue 143, Availability of Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning (HVAC) and Chilled Water Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daling, P.M.; Marler, J.E.; Vo, T.V.; Phan, H.; Friley, J.R. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study evaluates the values (benefits) and impacts (costs) associated with potential resolutions to Generic Issue 143, ``Availability of HVAC and Chilled Water Systems.`` The study identifies vulnerabilities related to failures of HVAC, chilled water, and room cooling systems; develops estimates of room heatup rates and safety-related equipment vulnerabilities following losses of HVAC/room cooler systems; develops estimates of the core damage frequencies and public risks associated with failures of these systems; develops three proposed resolution strategies to this generic issue; and performs a value/impact analysis of the proposed resolutions. Existing probabilistic risk assessments for four representative plants, including one plant from each vendor, form the basis for the core damage frequency and public risk calculations. Both internal and external events were considered. It was concluded that all three proposed resolution strategies exceed the $1,000/person-rem cost-effectiveness ratio. Additional evaluations were performed to develop ``generic`` insights on potential design-related and configuration-related vulnerabilities and potential high-frequency ({approximately}1E-04/RY) accident sequences that involve failures of HVAC/room cooling functions. It was concluded that, although high-frequency accident sequences may exist at some plants, these high-frequency sequences are plant-specific in nature or have been resolved through hardware and/or operational changes. The plant-specific Individual Plant Examinations are an effective vehicle for identification and resolution of these plant-specific anomalies and hardware configurations.

  16. The Regulation of District Energy Systems Peter Ostergaard, Smart Planning for Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    The Regulation of District Energy Systems Peter Ostergaard, Smart Planning for Communities ...................................................................................... 6 4. District Energy Systems ­ BCUC-Regulated.....................................................................11 5. District Energy Systems ­ Local Government Regulated

  17. Modeling and Optimization of Direct Chill Casting to Reduce Ingot Cracking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Subodh K.

    2006-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A successful four-year project on the modeling and optimization of direct chill (DC) casting to reduce ingot cracking has been completed. The project involved close collaboration among private industries, national laboratories, and universities. During the four-year project, 16 quarterly meetings brought the industrial partners and the research team together for discussion of research results and research direction. The industrial partners provided guidance, facilities, and experience to the research team. The research team went to two industrial plants to measure temperature distributions in commercial 60,000-lb DC casting ingot. The collaborative research resulted in several major accomplishments or findings: (1) Surface cracks were shown to be a result of hot tearing rather than cold cracks, as was thought before this project. These cracks form on the surface of a DC cast ingot just above the impingement point of the secondary cooling water jets. The cracks form along dendrite and grain boundaries, where solute and impurity elements are highly segregated. This understanding led to the development of a new technique for determining the mechanical properties in the nonequilibrium mushy zone of alloys and to thermodynamic predictions of the hot tearing propensity of DC cast ingots. (2) The apparent heat transfer coefficient (HTC) at the ingot surface in the water cooling region during DC casting was determined on the basis of temperature measurements in commercial DC casting ingots and an inverse heat transfer analysis. HTCs were calculated as a function of temperature and time, and covered the different regimes of heat transfer expected during DC casting. The calculated values were extrapolated to include the effect of water flow rate. The calculated HTCs had a peak at around 200 C, corresponding to the high heat transfer rates during nucleate boiling, and the profile was consistent with similar data published in the literature. (3) A new method, termed the reheating-cooling method (RCM), was developed and validated for measuring mechanical properties in the nonequilibrium mushy zones of alloys. The new method captures the brittle nature of aluminum alloys at temperatures close to the nonequilibrium solidus temperature, while specimens tested using the reheating method exhibit significant ductility. The RCM has been used for determining the mechanical properties of alloys at nonequilibrium mushy zone temperatures. Accurate data obtained during this project show that the metal becomes more brittle at high temperatures and high strain rates. (4) The elevated-temperature mechanical properties of the alloy were determined. Constitutive models relating the stress and strain relationship at elevated temperatures were also developed. The experimental data fit the model well. (5) An integrated 3D DC casting model has been used to simulate heat transfer, fluid flow, solidification, and thermally induced stress-strain during casting. A temperature-dependent HTC between the cooling water and the ingot surface, cooling water flow rate, and air gap were coupled in this model. An elasto-viscoplastic model based on high-temperature mechanical testing was used to calculate the stress during casting. The 3D integrated model can be used for the prediction of temperature, fluid flow, stress, and strain distribution in DC cast ingots. (6) The cracking propensity of DC cast ingots can be predicted using the 3D integrated model as well as thermodynamic models. Thus, an ingot cracking index based on the ratio of local stress to local alloy strength was established. Simulation results indicate that cracking propensity increases with increasing casting speed. The composition of the ingots also has a major effect on cracking formation. It was found that copper and zinc increase the cracking propensity of DC cast ingots. The goal of this Aluminum Industry of the Future (IOF) project was to assist the aluminum industry in reducing the incidence of stress cracks in DC castings from a current level of 5% down to 2%. This could lead to energy savings

  18. Modeling and Optimization of Direct Chill Casting to Reduce Ingot Cracking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, S.K.; Ningileri, S.; Long, Z.; Saito, K.; Khraisheh, M.; Hassan, M.H.; Kuwana, K.; Han, Q.; Viswanathan, S.; Sabau, A.S.; Clark, J.; Hyrn, J. (ANL)

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately 68% of the aluminum produced in the United States is first cast into ingots prior to further processing into sheet, plate, extrusions, or foil. The direct chill (DC) semi-continuous casting process has been the mainstay of the aluminum industry for the production of ingots due largely to its robust nature and relative simplicity. Though the basic process of DC casting is in principle straightforward, the interaction of process parameters with heat extraction, microstructural evolution, and development of solidification stresses is too complex to analyze by intuition or practical experience. One issue in DC casting is the formation of stress cracks [1-15]. In particular, the move toward larger ingot cross-sections, the use of higher casting speeds, and an ever-increasing array of mold technologies have increased industry efficiencies but have made it more difficult to predict the occurrence of stress crack defects. The Aluminum Industry Technology Roadmap [16] has recognized the challenges inherent in the DC casting process and the control of stress cracks and selected the development of 'fundamental information on solidification of alloys to predict microstructure, surface properties, and stresses and strains' as a high-priority research need, and the 'lack of understanding of mechanisms of cracking as a function of alloy' and 'insufficient understanding of the aluminum solidification process', which is 'difficult to model', as technology barriers in aluminum casting processes. The goal of this Aluminum Industry of the Future (IOF) project was to assist the aluminum industry in reducing the incidence of stress cracks from the current level of 5% to 2%. Decreasing stress crack incidence is important for improving product quality and consistency as well as for saving resources and energy, since considerable amounts of cast metal could be saved by eliminating ingot cracking, by reducing the scalping thickness of the ingot before rolling, and by eliminating butt sawing. Full-scale industrial implementation of the results of the proposed research would lead to energy savings in excess of 6 trillion Btu by the year 2020. The research undertaken in this project aimed to achieve this objective by a collaboration of industry, university, and national laboratory personnel through Secat, Inc., a consortium of aluminum companies. During the four-year project, the industrial partners and the research team met in 16 quarterly meetings to discuss research results and research direction. The industrial partners provided guidance, facilities, and experience to the research team. The research team went to two industrial plants to measure temperature distributions in commercial 60,000-lb DC casting ingot production. The project focused on the development of a fundamental understanding of ingot cracking and detailed models of thermal conditions, solidification, microstructural evolution, and stress development during the initial transient in DC castings of the aluminum alloys 3004 and 5182. The microstructure of the DC casting ingots was systematically characterized. Carefully designed experiments were carried out at the national laboratory and university facilities as well as at the industrial locations using the industrial production facilities. The advanced computational capabilities of the national laboratories were used for thermodynamic and kinetic simulations of phase transformation, heat transfer and fluid flow, solidification, and stress-strain evolution during DC casting. The achievements of the project are the following: (1) Identified the nature of crack formation during DC casting; (2) Developed a novel method for determining the mechanical properties of an alloy at the nonequilibrium mushy zone of the alloy; (3) Measured heat transfer coefficients (HTCs) between the solidifying ingot and the cooling water jet; (4) Determined the material constitutive model at high temperatures; and (5) Developed computational capabilities for the simulation of cracking formation in DC casting ingot. The models and the database de

  19. Collective private urban renewal in New Bedford's historic district

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullard, John K. (John Kilburn)

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the waterfront historic district in New Bedford, Massachusetts. It is, hopefully, the beginning of a process of collective private renewal that may lead the revival of the district as a vital element ...

  20. Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power Alaska Gateway School District Adopts Combined Heat and Power May 7, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis In Tok, Alaska, the...

  1. District Courts as Patent Laboratories Jeanne C. Fromer*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    307 District Courts as Patent Laboratories Jeanne C. Fromer* Introduction .....................................................................................................................307 I. The Federal Circuit's Supervisory Role in Patent Law..........................................308 II. District Courts as the Federal Circuit's Patent Laboratories..............................311

  2. Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The District of Columbia Council created a personal property tax exemption for solar energy systems and cogeneration systems within the District by enacting B19-0749 in December of 2012.

  3. Energy Department Works with Sacramento Municipal Utility District...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    About Us Initiatives & Projects Energy Transition Initiative Energy Department Works with Sacramento Municipal Utility District on Renewable Electricity Generation and...

  4. Accessibility and historic districts: design concepts and economic feasibility study for the downtown historic district of Bryan, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamanna, Jayashree B

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the application of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to historic districts, and design concepts are proposed to bring the district as a whole into compliance with the ADA. Past studies have dealt with accessibility...

  5. What is District Energy and How Does it Work? District Energy (DE) systems use hot water or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    wood used to supply a small district heating plant. The heating plant can be configured to use woody rapeseed oil is used. The district heating grid has a length of 3.3 miles, and the heat delivery is around

  6. New Forestry Commission District Office The new Forestry Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Forestry Commission District Office The new Forestry Commission District office at Smithton in construction The Forestry Commission's District office at Smithton in Inverness, Scotland, covers the national fuel heating system has proved effective during the winter of 2009/10, one of the harshest in 40 years

  7. CONTROL OF SUPPLY TEMPERATURE IN DISTRICT HEATING SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONTROL OF SUPPLY TEMPERATURE IN DISTRICT HEATING SYSTEMS T.S. Nielsen, H. Madsen Informatics the supply temperature in district heating systems using stochastic modelling, prediction and control at Roskilde Varmeforsyning. The results obtained for the Roskilde district heating utility are evaluated

  8. Predictive control of supply temperature in district heating systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Predictive control of supply temperature in district heating systems Torben Skov Nielsen Henrik This report considers a new concept for controlling the supply temperature in district heating systems using stochastic modelling, prediction and control. A district heating systems is a di#30;cult system to control

  9. First university owned district heating system using biomass heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Highlights · First university owned district heating system using biomass heat · Capacity: 15 MMBtu Main Campus District Heating Performance · Avoided: 3500 tonnes of CO2 · Particulate: less than 10 mg District Heating Goals To displace 85% of natural gas used for core campus heating. Fuel Bunker Sawmill

  10. An Overview of the Operational Characteristics of Selected Irrigation Districts in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley: Brownsville Irrigation District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stubbs, Megan J.; Rister, M. Edward; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Lacewell, Ronald D.

    TR-274 August 2004 An Overview of the Operational Characteristics of Selected Irrigation Districts in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley: Brownsville Irrigation District Megan J. Stubbs M. Edward Rister Allen W... Grande Valley: Brownsville Irrigation District Megan J. Stubbs M. Edward Rister Allen W. Sturdivant Ronald D. Lacewell Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University System This research was financially supported...

  11. A Method to Determine the Optimal Tank Size for a Chilled Water Storage System Under a Time-of-Use Electricity Rate Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Z.; Turner, W. D.; Chen, Q.; Xu, C.; Deng, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the operating costs by shifting cooling production from higher cost periods to low cost periods. The electricity energy savings can also be achived by shifting the cooling load from less efficient chillers (CHLR) to more efficient chillers (such as new... electric centrifugal chillers) or loading chillers at the optimal Part Load Ratio (PLA). In an energy retrofit project, a chilled water (ChW) storage system is ofen prefered since existing equipment can be kept and the least system changes...

  12. Texas Legislative and Irrigation Districts of the Rio Grande River Basin: A Map Series 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, Eric; Fipps, G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Improvement District No.3 HCWID3 La Feria Irrigation District-Cameron County No.3 La Feria Santa Cruz Irrigation District No.15 Santa Cruz Santa Maria Irrigation District-Cameron County No.4 Santa Maria United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County United....6 34,913 Hidalgo County Municipal Utility District No.1 1,120 Hidalgo County Water Improvement District No.3 9,753 La Feria Irrigation District-Cameron County No.3 75,626 Santa Cruz Irrigation District No.15 75,080 Santa Maria Irrigation...

  13. Texas Legislative and Irrigation Districts of the Rio Grande River Basin: A Map Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, Eric; Fipps, G.

    Improvement District No.3 HCWID3 La Feria Irrigation District-Cameron County No.3 La Feria Santa Cruz Irrigation District No.15 Santa Cruz Santa Maria Irrigation District-Cameron County No.4 Santa Maria United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County United....6 34,913 Hidalgo County Municipal Utility District No.1 1,120 Hidalgo County Water Improvement District No.3 9,753 La Feria Irrigation District-Cameron County No.3 75,626 Santa Cruz Irrigation District No.15 75,080 Santa Maria Irrigation...

  14. Central Lincoln People's Utility District- Renewable Energy Incentive Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Central Lincoln People's Utility District provides financial incentives for its commercial and residential customers to install photovoltaic (PV), solar water heating, wind, and hydro electric...

  15. Empire District Electric- Commercial and Industrial Efficiency Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Empire District Electric Company offers rebates to certain commercial and industrial customers for the installation of energy efficiency equipment. Prescriptive rebates for lighting, air...

  16. Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground...

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - Vicksburg District Federal Power Projects...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Federal Power Projects Vicksburg District Federal Power Projects Blakely Mountain Hydro DeGray Hydro DeGray Hydro Narrows Hydro Blakely Mountain Rewind Unit 1 ll Rotor...

  18. New York State Capital District Regional Middle School Science...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    New York State Capital District Regional Middle School Science Bowl National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About High School Middle School Middle School Students Middle School...

  19. BUSINESS SENSITIVE 1 Tri-Cities Research District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUSINESS SENSITIVE 1 Tri-Cities Research District Speaker Series: Advancing Research Parks from National Developers · Strategies for Pro-active Outreach Marketing #12;BUSINESS SENSITIVE 5

  20. Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Berlin, Maryland district heating...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Berlin, Maryland district heating assessment project Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic Search About Publications Advanced...

  1. Charles County- Agricultural Preservation Districts- Renewable Generation Allowed

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Charles County provides that producing energy "from solar, wind, biomass, and farm waste and residue crops" is a permitted agricultural use in areas zoned as Agricultural Preservation Districts.

  2. Central Lincoln People's Utility District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Central Lincoln People's Municipal Utility District (CLPUD) offers a variety of energy efficiency programs for residential customers to save energy in eligible homes. Rebates are available for...

  3. Central Lincoln People's Utility District- Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Oregon)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Central Lincoln People's Utility District provides financial incentives for its commercial and residential customers to install photovoltaic (PV), solar water heating, wind, and hydro electric...

  4. Omaha Public Power District- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Omaha Public Power District (OPPD) offers incentives for commercial and industrial customers to install energy-efficient heat pumps and replace/retrofit existing lighting systems. The Commercial...

  5. Nebraska Public Power District- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nebraska Public Power District offers multiple rebates for commercial and industrial customers to save energy in eligible facilities. Rebates are available for energy efficient lighting, HVAC...

  6. Lassen Municipal Utility District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lassen Municipal Utility District (LMUD) offers an incentive for residential customers who purchase and install efficient lighting, HVAC equipment and ENERGY STAR rated appliances for eligible...

  7. Empire District Electric- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Arkansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Empire District Electric Company (EDEC) offers rebates to residential customers for energy audits, weatherization measures, central air conditioning systems, and energy efficient home appliances....

  8. Omaha Public Power District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Omaha Public Power District (OPPD) offers energy credit refunds to its residential customers for installing high-efficiency heat pumps through the Energy Conservation Program. Newly constructed...

  9. Modesto Irrigation District- New Home Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Modesto Irrigation District's MPower New Home Program provides incentives to builders and homeowners for designing and building energy-efficient homes. Eligible homes must meet the guidelines for...

  10. Turlock Irrigation District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Turlock Irrigation District (TID) offers a residential rebate program for customers who install energy-efficient equipment in their homes. Eligible equipment includes

  11. Vera Irrigation District #15- Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Vera Irrigation District #15 offers rebates to electric customers who improve energy efficiency. Rebates are available for water heaters, windows, heat pumps, clothes washer, duct sealing and...

  12. area purulia district: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Downtown Revitalization Industrial Park Improvements Housing and Disaster Recovery Brownfield Redevelopment and identifies the changing needs of the District's communities and...

  13. area surguja district: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Downtown Revitalization Industrial Park Improvements Housing and Disaster Recovery Brownfield Redevelopment and identifies the changing needs of the District's communities and...

  14. area ganjam district: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Downtown Revitalization Industrial Park Improvements Housing and Disaster Recovery Brownfield Redevelopment and identifies the changing needs of the District's communities and...

  15. area dharmapuri district: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Downtown Revitalization Industrial Park Improvements Housing and Disaster Recovery Brownfield Redevelopment and identifies the changing needs of the District's communities and...

  16. Truckee Donner Public Utility District- Energy Conservation Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Truckee Donner Public Utility District (TDPUD) offers incentives for customers to improve the energy efficiency of homes and businesses. Participants must be a TDPUD electric customer (and water...

  17. Magnetic Modeling Of The Phlegraean Volcanic District With Extension...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Archipelago, Italy Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Magnetic Modeling Of The Phlegraean Volcanic District With Extension To The...

  18. Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Pepco and PJM...

  19. Cool Trends in District Energy: A Survey of Thermal Energy Storage...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in District Energy: A Survey of Thermal Energy Storage Use in District Energy Utility Applications, June 2005 Cool Trends in District Energy: A Survey of Thermal Energy Storage Use...

  20. Real-Time Water Quality Management in the Grassland Water District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Grassland Water District. Solar Panel with 12-volt batteryWater District. Power Solar Panel with 12-volt batteryWater District. Power Solar Panel with 12-volt battery

  1. Questions about Groundwater Conservation Districts in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesikar, Bruce J.; Silvy, Valeen

    2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    activities with export fees? 25 What is the minimum usage rate before fees are charged? 25 Who pays if a GCD is voted in, but the financing is not approved? 25 Who pays for the GCD organizational expenses? 25 Are directors paid for their position? 25... sold and exported beyond district boundaries? 27 Can a GCD prevent a city from moving water from a rural area to an urban area? 27 Can the GCD impose a fee for water exportation? 29 GCD alternatives 29 What happens if we don?t form a GCD? 29 Can we...

  2. District Energy Technologies | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0andEnergyGlobal Nuclearof aDepartment-ofBenefitsDistrict Energy

  3. Empire District Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest,Energy InformationEmily, Minnesota:Emmons LakeEmpire District

  4. Vera Irrigation District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt ManagementVera Irrigation District Jump to: navigation,

  5. District heating and cooling technology development program: Phase 2, Investigation of reduced-cost heat-actuated, desiccant cooling systems for DHC applications; Quarterly report, August 20, 1990--November 24, 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patch, K.D.; DiBella, F.A.; Becker, F.E.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the first Quarterly Report for DOE Project Number FG01-90CE26603. The principal objective of this program is to perform a more detailed study aimed at producing lower-cost heat-actuated liquid desiccant cooling system for use with two-pipe District Heating (DH) systems. This quarterly report covers project work conducted from August 20, 1990 to November 24, 1990. The goals of the project have their basis in the desire to lower the operating temperature of the transport medium in a DH system, but still enable cooling via that transport medium. At this time a district heating and cooling (DHC) system must use a four-pipe heating and cooling delivery system -- two pipes for hot water supply and return and two pipes for chilled water supply and return if both heating and cooling are to be provided. Unfortunately, such a four-pipe system is expensive, especially for existing DH systems that already have a two-pipe system installed.

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - ascites-a district general Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Final report Summary: 1 Danish Energy Authority Final report Kaliningrad Regional District Heating Network 2004 - 2006... 2006 12;Kaliningrad District Heating Network Project 2004...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - aarhus police district Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    dis- Summary: developed by LOGSTOR, Danfoss Redan and DTU will provide district heating to 12 new townhouses in Aarhus... . District heating will remain eco- nomically...

  8. San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District Best Available Control Technology.4.2 #12;San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control Distri RECEIVED ~ 2 ED ECEIVED www.valleyalr.org SJVAPCD-2370·(661)326-6900"FAX(661)326-6985 #12;San Joaquin Valley Unified Air Pollution Control District TITLE V MODIFICATION

  9. Livelihood Assets Atlas Mountainous Districts of NWFP (Pakistan)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Livelihood Assets Atlas Mountainous Districts of NWFP (Pakistan) April 2009 SDPISustainable Mountainous Districts of NWFP (Pakistan) Abid Qaiyum Suleri, Babar Shahbaz, Sahab Haq Rana Nazir Mehmood and Gulbaz Ali Khan Sustainable Development Policy Institute 20 Hill Road, F-6/3, Islamabad - Pakistan www

  10. Peaks of Otter Soil and Water Conservation District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    leadership and education to sustain and utilize Bedford's natural resources in a manner that will enhancePeaks of Otter Soil and Water Conservation District Annual Report FY 2014 1071ATurnpikeRd.Bedford,VA24523 "The Peaks of Otter Soil and Water Con- servation District, with its partners, will provide

  11. California Energy Commission "Our District now has a heightened

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program provided an energy audit that identified ways to improve the HVAC controls and further cut annualLOW INTEREST RATE LOANS AVAILABLE NOW! California Energy Commission "Our District now has a heightened awareness of energy savings and related cost savings." Steve Jorgensen District Superintendent

  12. QER- Comment of Lake Charles Harbor & Terminal District

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Good Afternoon, Please find the Lake Charles Harbor and Terminal District’s comments on Infrastructure Constraints in re: the QER Investigation hearing scheduled for Bismarck, ND on August 8, 2014. Please include these comments in the public record of the hearing. Thank you.

  13. Introduction THE YERINGTON DISTRICT, Nevada, contains porphyry Cu(Mo),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton, Mark D.

    55 Introduction THE YERINGTON DISTRICT, Nevada, contains porphyry Cu(Mo), Cu skarn, Fe oxide with the Jurassic Yerington batholith, which serves as either host rock or as source for heat and ma- terials of the Yerington Porphyry Copper District: Magmatic to Nonmagmatic Sources of Hydrothermal Fluids, Their Flow Paths

  14. Judicial District Attorney's Office in conjunction with Community Partners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fraud prevention, intervention, and victim support. 1st Judicial District - District Attorney Fraud Line, mail theft, dumpster diving and e-mail "phishing." 2. It's a good idea to carry your Social Security member, a financial advisor, or someone with your Power of Attorney who is paying your bills and managing

  15. Expansion of Urban Area in Irrigation Districts of the Rio Grande River Basin, 1996 - 2006: A Map Series 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, Eric; Barroso, M.; Fipps, G.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?County?Water?Control?&?Improvement?District?No.1? Maverick? Presidio?County?Water?Improvement?District?No.1? Presidio? Santa?Cruz?Irrigation?District?No.15? Santa?Cruz? Santa?Maria?Irrigation?District?Cameron?County?No.4? Santa?Maria? United?Irrigation?District?of?Hidalgo?County? United? Valley...?County?Water?Control?&?Improvement?District?No.1? 134,900? Presidio?County?Water?Improvement?District?No.1? 2,780? Santa?Cruz?Irrigation?District?No.15? 75,080? Santa?Maria?Irrigation?District?Cameron?County?No.4? 10,183? United?Irrigation?District?of?Hidalgo?County? 57,374? Valley...

  16. Expansion of Urban Area in Irrigation Districts of the Rio Grande River Basin, 1996 - 2006: A Map Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, Eric; Barroso, M.; Fipps, G.

    ?County?Water?Control?&?Improvement?District?No.1? Maverick? Presidio?County?Water?Improvement?District?No.1? Presidio? Santa?Cruz?Irrigation?District?No.15? Santa?Cruz? Santa?Maria?Irrigation?District?Cameron?County?No.4? Santa?Maria? United?Irrigation?District?of?Hidalgo?County? United? Valley...?County?Water?Control?&?Improvement?District?No.1? 134,900? Presidio?County?Water?Improvement?District?No.1? 2,780? Santa?Cruz?Irrigation?District?No.15? 75,080? Santa?Maria?Irrigation?District?Cameron?County?No.4? 10,183? United?Irrigation?District?of?Hidalgo?County? 57,374? Valley...

  17. Actions Speak Louder than Words: A Case Study of a School District's Commitment to Equity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Rachelle LeAnn

    2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    What happens when a school district commits to equity? The focus on the school district is driven by the use of a framework that defined the school district as an institutional actor in reform efforts. Accordingly, the school district plays a...

  18. The Importance of a Small Rural School District to the Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Richard

    2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    the sustainability issues associated with this school district and its importance to the community. Key stakeholders in the community and school district were interviewed to help develop a thick description of this district’s position in the community. Surveys were...

  19. Empire District Electric- Low Income New Homes Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Empire District Electric offers rebates for the utilization of energy efficient measures and appliances in new, low-income homes. Rebates are available for several types of building insulation,...

  20. Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in District of Columbia as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For...

  1. U.S. geothermal district heating : barriers and enablers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorsteinsson, Hildigunnur H

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal district heating experience in the U.S. is reviewed and evaluated to explore the potential impact of utilizing this frequently undervalued renewable energy resource for space and hot water heating. Although the ...

  2. EA-0923: Winnett School District Boiler Replacement Project, Winnett, Montana

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to replace the Winnett School District complex's existing oil-fired heating system with a new coal-fired heating system with funds...

  3. Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Assistance Program (TAP) presentation at a TAP webinar held on April 11, 2013 and dealing with how to finance energy efficiency upgrades for K-12 school districts.

  4. Boulder Valley School District (Colorado) Power Purchase Agreement...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Boulder Valley School District completed a power purchase agreement to install 1.4 MW of solar PV that are expected to reduce electricity bills in 14 schools by about 10% over the...

  5. NEZ PERCE SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION DISTRICT CULDESAC, IDAHO 83524

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Culdesac, McGregor Company, and the Idaho Soil Conservation Commission. In addition, the District has of the wetland and sod bio-logs that are installed our projects. This results in more on-the-ground projects

  6. A Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park on the NM Tech Campus Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title A...

  7. November 20, 2012 Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This webinar was held November 20, 2012, and provided information on Indiana's Ball State University geothermal heat pump system, and a hot-water district heating system in St. Paul, Minnesota....

  8. Empire District Electric- Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Empire District Electric Company offers a Commercial/Industrial Prescriptive Rebate Program to its non-residential customers in Arkansas who purchase certain high-efficiency equipment for...

  9. An Integrated Pest Management survey of Texas school districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shodrock, Damon Leon

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Texas school district personnel were surveyed using a mailed questionnaire to determine the status of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs and the efficacy of conventional pest control practices. Of the 517 survey participants, 12.4% had...

  10. The role of the district office in instructional practice reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizzi, Karen Schultz

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to 8,113 students. In 2005-06, 7,436 of the 8,113 studentsinterview, June 2007) In 2005-06, the district office hiredEvaluation forms, Schmoker, 2005-06). Nevertheless, a few

  11. army engineer district: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Prepared for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, Environmental Management and Restoration Websites Summary: PNNL-22788 Final Prepared for the U.S. Army Corps...

  12. army engineers district: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Prepared for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, Environmental Management and Restoration Websites Summary: PNNL-22788 Final Prepared for the U.S. Army Corps...

  13. 11.422 Business Improvement Districts, Spring 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoyt, Lorlene M.

    Focuses on the role of the business improvement district (BID) as a popular and contemporary tool for urban revitalization. Explores BID origins, theoretical underpinnings, enabling legislation, and organizational issues. ...

  14. Power Districts: Acquisition of Right-of-Way (Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This statute describes procedures for power districts (utilities, corporations, or municipalities that engage in the generation or transmission of electricity) to obtain a right-of-way for the...

  15. Southern Power District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Southern Power District (SPD) offers rebates for the purchase and installation of efficient air source heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps, attic insulation, and HVAC tune-ups. Contractors who...

  16. Nebraska Public Power District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Nebraska Public Power District offers rebates to homeowners who purchase energy efficient heat pumps, upgrade their insulation, and/or have their cooling system tuned-up. The High Efficiency...

  17. Motion to Intervene and Comments of Public Utility District No...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    A motion to intervene and comments from Public Utility District No. 1 (Pend Oreille County, Washington) on PP 99-1 Notice of Intent to Amend Presidential Permit, where DOE proposes...

  18. Thermodynamic Analysis of Combined Cycle District Heating System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suresh, S.; Gopalakrishnan, H.; Kosanovic, D.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a thermodynamic analysis of the University of Massachusetts' Combined Heat and Power (CHP) District Heating System. Energy and exergy analyses are performed based on the first and second laws of thermodynamics for power...

  19. Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy (Text Version)...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    assistance program overview then we're gonna define CHPs. We're also gonna define district cooling and heating. We're then going to look at some of the technologies...

  20. Property Assessed Clean Energy Financing (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The District of Columbia offers a commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program. In order to receive financing through the commercial PACE program, applicants must first have an energy...

  1. Lake Improvement District Law and County Lake Improvement Program (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lake Improvement Districts may be established by county boards in order to “improve the quality of water in lakes; provide for reasonable assurance of water quantity in lakes, where feasible and...

  2. CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS GLOBAL WARMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    in the center of Long Island, Brookhaven Lab is an internationally renowned scientific research institution by Long Island's Stony Brook University, which is the largest academic user of Laboratory facilities. Brookhaven Lab also builds and operates major scientific facilities available to university, industry

  3. CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS GLOBAL WARMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    (millionsofsquarekilometers) 30 20 10 MELTING OF GREENLAND ICE CAP Satellite determination of maximum extent of glacial melt Complete melt of the Greenland ice sheet would raise the level of the global ocean 23 feet. ASAN Steffen IS INCREASING Global carbon dioxide concentration over the last thousand years Polar ice cores #12;Mann et al

  4. ARM - Wind Chill Calculations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments

  5. Oxford Area Community School District (Michigan) Bonds Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Michigan’s Oxford Area Community School District entered into an energy savings performance contract and issued limited tax general obligation bonds to fund the up-front costs of almost $3 million of energy-related improvements. Case study is excerpted from Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts: A Guide to Tapping into Funding for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements. Author: Merrian Borgeson and Mark Zimring

  6. Williamson County School District (Tennessee) Bonds Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Williamson County School District entered into an energy savings performance contract with an energy services company and completed a $5.7 million lease-purchase agreement to fund a range of energy-related improvements across 27 school facilities. Case study is excerpted from Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts: A Guide to Tapping into Funding for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements. Author: Merrian Borgeson and Mark Zimring

  7. Buying, Selling and Exporting Groundwater: Implications for Groundwater Conservation Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Ronald; Lesikar, Bruce A.; Silvey, Valeen

    given at the Groundwater Conservation District Seminar Series on May 28, 2003, at the Texas A&M University George Bush Presidential Conference Center. Summaries of the following presentations are presented in this report: The Status of Groundwater Sales... in a Sales/ Lease Agreement, by Sandra Burns. Regulation of Exportation of Underground Water, by Doug Caroom. Roberts County Transportation Permits, by C.E. Williams. Export Fees: A Groundwater District Limits and Uses, by Jace Houston. The report also...

  8. Douglas County School District (Nevada) Bonds Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Douglas County School District faced a challenging combination of aging equipment and buildings (most over 37 years old), rising energy costs, and limited access to taxpayer funds due to the fiscally-conservative makeup of the region’s voters.. Case study is excerpted from Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts: A Guide to Tapping into Funding for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements. Author: Merrian Borgeson and Mark Zimring

  9. An Overview of Operational Characteristics of Selected Irrigation Districts in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stubbs, Megan J.; Rister, M. Edward; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Lacewell, Ronald D.

    to both urban communities and agriculture (which includes most of the irrigation districts in the Lower Rio Grande Valley) brings forth more questions related to how each of these systems operate. Individual or groupings of irrigation districts..., infrastructure, adoptive rate of technology, etc. can vary significantly across irrigation districts. So, to completely understand and appreciate the collective Lower Rio Grande Valley irrigation district system, one must understand the idiosyncrasies...

  10. Central Air Conditioners","Heat Pumps","Individual Air Conditioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Packaged

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. If you need43 3.84LeaseProcess: Catalytic Reforming Catalytic4.

  11. Central Air Conditioners","Heat Pumps","Individual Air Conditioners","District Chilled Water","Central Chillers","Packaged

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. If you need43 3.84LeaseProcess: Catalytic Reforming Catalytic4.5.

  12. Geodatabase of the South Texas Uranium District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark Beaman; William Wade Mcgee

    Uranium and its associated trace elements and radionuclides are ubiquitous in the South Texas Tertiary environment. Surface mining of this resource from the 1960s through the early 1980s at over sixty locations has left an extensive anthropological footprint (Fig. 1) in the lower Nueces and San Antonio river basins. Reclamation of mining initiated after 1975 has been under the regulatory authority of the Railroad Commission of Texas (RCT). However, mines that were active before the Texas Surface Mining Act of 1975 was enacted, and never reclaimed, are now considered abandoned. The Abandoned Mine Land Section of the RCT is currently reclaiming these pre-regulation uranium mines with funding from the federal government. The RCT monitors the overall effectiveness of this process through post-reclamation radiation and vegetative cover surveys, water quality testing, slope stability and erosion control monitoring. Presently a number of graduate and postgraduate students are completing research on the watershed and reservoir distribution of trace elements and radionuclides downstream of the South Texas Uranium District. The question remains as to whether the elevated levels of uranium, its associated trace elements and radiation levels in the South Texas environment are due to mining

  13. Tushino - 3 district heating project/Moscow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayer, H.W.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contract for supply and installation of Honeywell control equipment at the district heating plant in Moscow suburb of Tushino was signed between the Mayor of Moscow and Honeywell in December 1991. Total contract value is US$3 million. The aim is to demonstrate on a pilot project the potential energy savings and improved pleat safety which can be achieved by means of electronic control of latest design. The Honeywell contract basically covers modernization of instrumentation and control of the gas fired heating plant, comprising water preparation and 4 boilers, of 100 Gcal/h each, i.e., 400 Gcal/h total. The plant is feeding the hot water network which has 60 heat exchanger stations connected. The heat exchangers (thermal rating between 2 to 10 Gcal/h each) supply hot water mainly to residential building blocks for apartment heating and domestic hot water. Honeywell`s responsibility covers engineering, supply of TDC 3000 micro-processor based control system for the boilers and DeltaNet Excel control for the Heat Exchangers. The contract also includes installation and start-up of the total control system.

  14. Cost-efficient monitoring of water quality in district heating systems This article examines the monitoring strategy for water quality in a large Danish district

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cost-efficient monitoring of water quality in district heating systems This article examines the monitoring strategy for water quality in a large Danish district heating system ­ and makes a proposal for a technical and economic improvement. Monitoring of water quality in district heating systems is necessary

  15. Co-sponsored second quarter progress review conference on district heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A summary of the progress review conference on district heating and cooling systems is presented. The agenda and lists of speakers and attendees are presented. A history of district heating and some present needs and future policies are given and an excerpt from the National District Heating Program Strategy (DOE, March 1980) is included. Following the presentation, District Heating and Cooling Systems Program, by Alan M. Rubin, a fact sheet on DOE's Integrated Community Energy Systems Program and information from an oral presentation, District Heating and Cooling Systems for Communities Through Power Plant Retrofit Distribution Network, are given. The Second Quarterly Oral Report to the US DOE on the District Heating and Cooling Project in Detroit; the executive summary of the Piqua, Ohio District Heating and Cooling Demonstration Project; the Second Quarterly Report of the Moorehead, Minnesota District Heating Project; and the report from the Moorehead, Minnesota mayor on the Hot Water District Heating Project are presented.

  16. Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, Soil and Water Conservation District, and Council on Soil and Water Conservation Regulations (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These regulations establish Soil and Water Conservation Districts throughout the State of Connecticut. Each district has its own Board of Directors; membership and election procedures are defined...

  17. Well blowout rates in California Oil and Gas District 4--Update and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Sally M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin BasinRates in California Oil and Gas District 4 – Update andoccurring in California Oil and Gas District 4 during the

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - angetu district southeastern Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Florida USA Summary: -3201 Doubling the Energy Advantage of Waste-to-Energy: District Heating in the Northeast U.S. Priscilla Ulloa... In District Heating (DH), a large number...

  19. RELATING TO LOCAL GOVERNMENT; ENACTING THE RENEWABLE ENERGY FINANCING DISTRICT ACT; AUTHORIZING MUNICIPALITIES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    TO LOCAL GOVERNMENT; ENACTING THE RENEWABLE ENERGY FINANCING DISTRICT ACT; AUTHORIZING MUNICIPALITIES to encourage the development of distributed generation renewable energy sources and the installation. the creation and administration of renewable energy financing districts to facilitate the development

  20. District Superintendent and School Board President Perceptions Regarding Leadership Characteristics for Superintendents of Texas Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groholski, Kenneth L.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    presidents of Texas public schools. The population was superintendents and school board presidents from Texas Public Schools. The population was divided into large school districts (>10,000 students) and small school districts (students). Data...

  1. The Energy Resource Center: On-Site Technical Assistance and Training Programs for Texas School Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, M.; Sanders, M.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Created by the 68th Session of the Texas Legislature, the Energy Resource Center for Texas Schools (ERC) is the primary source of facility management services for Texas School districts. The purpose of the ERC is to assist school districts...

  2. Geographic information system (GIS) and simulation model for management of irrigation districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazarov, Azimjon S.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IDMM (Irrigation District Management Model), a user friendly, GIS based, menu driven personal computer software program, was developed as a planning and management tool for improved water use and crop growth production in irrigation districts...

  3. City of Allentown assessment of a district heating system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliker, I.; Tamayne, T.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy sources selected to accommodate the heat load consist of five 10 MWt units at the high temperature hot water generating station, ten 10 MWt units at the high temperature hot water generating station, and two 25 MWe (37.5 MWt) cogenerating fluidized bed combustion units at the incinerator site. The service area selected consists of the downtown commercial district. Total peak heat load for the forty seven block commercial district and twenty two industrial customers is estimated to be 187 MWt. The following aspects are covered: transmission and distribution piping systems, development strategy, capital costs and construction schedule, operation, economics, environmental analysis, and community impact.

  4. Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: District Heating with Renewable Energy (text version)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Below is the text version of the webinar titled "District Heating with Renewable Energy," originally presented on November 20, 2012.

  5. Well blowout rates in California Oil and Gas District 4--Update and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Sally M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide, Environmental Geology ,

  6. 1993-1994 Final technical report for establishing the SECME Model in the District of Columbia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vickers, R.G.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report for a program to establish the SECME Model in the District of Columbia. This program has seen the development of a partnership between the District of Columbia Public Schools, the University of the District of Columbia, the Department of Energy, and SECME. This partnership has demonstrated positive achievement in mathematics and science education and learning in students within the District of Columbia.

  7. Well blowout rates in California Oil and Gas District 4--Update and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Sally M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    developed for CO2- enhanced oil recovery, SPE Paper 112924 ,oil production in the District was via thermally enhanced recovery.

  8. A Functional Regression Approach for Prediction in a District-Heating System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Functional Regression Approach for Prediction in a District-Heating System Aldo Goia Dipartimento in a district heating sys- tem. Our dataset consists of four separated periods, with 198 days each period and 24 load forecasting, district heat- ing system Introduction Among the activities of support

  9. Solar heat storages in district heating Klaus Ellehauge Thomas Engberg Pedersen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    References 45 Appendix 1 Danish companies 48 #12;6/50 Solar heat storages in district heating networksJuly 2007 . #12;#12;Solar heat storages in district heating networks July 2007 Klaus Ellehauge 97 22 11 tep@cowi.dk www.cowi.com #12;#12;Solar heat storages in district heating networks 5

  10. Technical Report -DTU -Informatics and Mathematical Modeling (May 31, 2007) Temperature Prediction in District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prediction in District Heating Systems with cFIR models Pierre Pinson , Torben S. Nielsen, Henrik Aa. Nielsen, Lyngby, Denmark Abstract Current methodologies for the optimal operation of district heating systems regularization. Results are given for the test case of the Roskilde district heating system, over a period

  11. Skyscrapers and District Heating, an inter-related History 1876-1933.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Skyscrapers and District Heating, an inter-related History 1876-1933. Introduction: The aim, and an equally new urban infrastructure, district heating, both of witch were born in the north-east United example in Europe of skyscrapers and district heating planned together, at Villeurbanne near Lyons

  12. School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Delta T optimisation of district heating network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Delta T optimisation of district heating of any network. Most existing district heating systems work at small (10-15 C) delta T. Although for the conventional and optimised design of the district heating network. The network operation will be simulated

  13. E n g i n E E r i n g t h E F u t u r E o F r o b o t i c s bone-chilling cold. blistering heat. toxic fumes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Abhinav

    E n g i n E E r i n g t h E F u t u r E o F r o b o t i c s bone-chilling cold. blistering heat automation technologies for the oil & gas industry Explorer travels untethered through natural gas mains and wastewater with- out harming the environment. ENVIROBOT® is in daily use at shipyards and storage facili

  14. A CONTINUOUS TRANSFORMATION USEFUL FOR DISTRICTING W. R. Tobler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobler, Waldo

    so that areas with many people would appear large, and areas with few people would appear small could stretch a geographical map so that areas containing many people would appear large, and areas equal numbers of people. Drawing on such maps should simplify the process of creating district

  15. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW PROPOSAL TO CREATE DISTRICTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT/REGULATORY IMPACT REVIEW FOR THE PROPOSAL TO CREATE DISTRICTS WITHIN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2.1Environmental Assessment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2.2Regulatory Impact Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.0 ENVIRONMENTAL AND BIOLOGICAL IMPACTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1 Atka Mackerel Biology

  16. CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION SPECIAL DISTRICTS HOSPITALS & PUBLIC CARE COLLEGES & UNIVERSITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whether you are building a new facility, renovating an existing one, or want to reduce your energy billsCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION SPECIAL DISTRICTS HOSPITALS & PUBLIC CARE COLLEGES & UNIVERSITIES F O 2004 www.energy.ca.gov/efficiency/partnership Call (916) 654-4147 #12;The Energy Partnership Program

  17. Changing times, changing places: AIDS orphans in Kisumu District, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Changing times, changing places: AIDS orphans in Kisumu District, Kenya Prevalence of AIDS orphans in Kenya (2.6 million) had been orphaned by AIDS. In 1999, 46,732 children (17 years old care. Although Kenya has clear policies on prevention and management of HIV, it lacks a policy

  18. RESOLUTION NO. 2011-82 ADOPTING MODESTO IRRIGATION DISTRICT'S RENEWABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RESOLUTION NO. 2011-82 ADOPTING MODESTO IRRIGATION DISTRICT'S RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES Standard (RPS) in an effort to meet 20 percent ofits retail energy sales with renewable resources by 2017 for consideration by the Board of Directors, attached hereto as Attachment A, Renewable Energy Resources Enforcement

  19. Energy Efficient Design Concept for Mesquite Independent School District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, C. L.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mesquite is a suburb located on the east side of Dallas with a population of approximately 110,000. The school district covers over 60 square miles with a student population of 22,500. The 32 schools consist of 23 elementary, 5 middle and 4 high...

  20. DC WRRC Report. No. 36 DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    Quality II-7 Patuxent River Basin II-10 Potomac Estuary II-12 CHAPTER III - LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL the District is prepared to deal with these issues. The study begins with a description of the Potomac River Problems I-12 CHAPTER II - THE POTOMAC RIVER BASIN Tributaries II-1 Precipitation and Runoff II-3 Water

  1. Comparing the Effects of Mutualism and Competition on Industrial Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoyle, Rebecca B.

    stations. The diversity of industries situated in the region include food processing industries, oil refining, chemical and bio-chemical produc- tion facilities, as well as heavy industrial facilitiesComparing the Effects of Mutualism and Competition on Industrial Districts Christopher J.K. Knighta

  2. Espace mtis, espace dtruit, espace exemplaire : District Six, Cape Town

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    a laissé une profonde empreinte à tous les niveaux (politique, social, culturel, foncier, 1Adresse actuelle population noire est soumise à un arsenal législatif déterminant lieu de résidence, droits fonciers, durée du enjeu de mémoire. Le cas de District Six permet d'éclairer la façon dont cette nouvelle nation s

  3. Hydraulic Modeling of Large District Cooling Systems for Master Planning Purposes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, C.; Chen, Q.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Deng, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    equipment or computers require more cooling energy. If some chilled water consumption data for certain types of buildings is available, it can be used to estimate cooling requirements of other un- metered buildings of this type. The average cooling load... developed. This method uses actual metered data and a variety of information and data to categorize the building energies and differential temperatures and then determine the building peak flow demands based on mass conservation. The effectiveness...

  4. Retro-Commissioning and Improvement for District Heating and Cooling System Using Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shingu, H.; Nakajima, R.; Yoshida, H.; Wang, F.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .1 644.5 654.2 Rate of increase [%] 0.0 -5.5 -7.1 -8.3 -8.7 -9.5 -8.1 COP of chillerR11[-] 4.28 4.34 4.35 4.37 4.34 4.39 4.37 Chilled water return temperature ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Building Commi ssioning for Energy Efficiency...

  5. The Business and Technical Case for Continuous Commissioning for Enhanced Building Operations - A Case Study: Alamo Community College District, San Antonio, Texas, USA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdict, M.; Wei, G.; Martinez, J.; Claridge, D.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Turner, W. D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to reduce peak electric demand, as well as electricity and gas usage. Major CC activities are outlined below with a brief description of each measure: ? Optimize Chiller Control ? Optimize Boiler Control ? Chilled/Hot Water Loop Delta...-load chiller efficiency. Optimize Boiler Control Boiler start/stop sequence and existing hot water supply temperature set point reset schedules were refined to minimize simultaneous heating and cooling. Chilled/Hot Water Loop Delta Pressure (DP) Resets...

  6. Microsoft Word - CX-FY10_Kalispell_District_Wood_Pole_Replacement...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Location: Various transmission lines located within the Kalispell District in Montana. See Project Location...

  7. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  8. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    table. 56 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  9. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    table. 56 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  10. Letter from the Department of Energy to the District of Columbia...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    agencies, is examining this matter expeditiously to determine the facts necessary to render an appropriate decision. Letter from the Department of Energy to the District of...

  11. Sustainable Energy Utility- D.C. Home Performance (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The District of Columbia Sustainable Energy Utility currently offers the D.C. Home Performance program (DCHP). DCHP provides a $500 incentive to properties which successfully complete qualifying...

  12. Comments from Congressman James P. Moran, 8th District of Virginia...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    from Congressman James P. Moran, 8th District of Virginia Supporting the Comments from the City of Alexandria on PEPCO's Intention to Commence Planned Transmission Outages Comments...

  13. Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 191 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon...

  14. Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 191 Table 40. No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon...

  15. Union County - La Grande, Oregon geothermal district heating: feasibility assessment. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, H. II; Giddings, M.; Hanson, P.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an assessment of geothermal district heating in the City of La Grande, Oregon. Eight study area districts were analyzed to determine their economic feasibility. Results from the analyses conclude that certain districts within the City of La Grande are economically feasible if certain assumptions are correct. Development of geothermal district heating for these areas would provide direct energy and dollar savings to the building owners and would also provide direct and indirect benefits to low and moderate income households within the City.

  16. Review of Prior Commercial Building Energy Efficiency Retrofit Evaluation: A Report to Snohomish Public Utilities District

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, Phillip

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Snohomish County Public Utilities District (the District or Snohomish PUD) provides electricity to about 325,000 customers in Snohomish County, Washington. The District has an incentive programs to encourage commercial customers to improve energy efficiency: the District partially reimburses the cost of approved retrofits if they provide a level of energy performance improvement that is specified by contract. In 2013 the District contracted with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to provide a third-party review of the Monitoring and Verification (M&V) practices the District uses to evaluate whether companies are meeting their contractual obligations. This work helps LBNL understand the challenges faced by real-world practitioners of M&V of energy savings, and builds on a body of related work such as Price et al. (2013). The District selected a typical project for which they had already performed an evaluation. The present report includes the District's original evaluation as well as LBNL's review of their approach. The review is based on the document itself; on investigation of the load data and outdoor air temperature data from the building evaluated in the document; and on phone discussions with Bill Harris of the Snohomish County Public Utilities District. We will call the building studied in the document the subject building, the original Snohomish PUD report will be referred to as the Evaluation, and this discussion by LBNL is called the Review.

  17. Utilities District of Western Indiana REMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utilities District of Western Indiana REMC offers residential customers incentives for energy efficient heat pumps, water heaters, and air conditioners. Eligible air-source heat pump and air...

  18. BPA, electric co-op and irrigation district testing aquifer recharge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    electric co-op and irrigation district testing aquifer recharge Dispatching recharge pumping could save money and relieve electricity oversupply Portland, Ore. - The Bonneville...

  19. Microsoft Word - CX-AlveyDistrictWoodPoles-FY14_WEB.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    8, 2014 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Stacey Hensley Project Manager - TEP-TPP-4 Proposed Action: 2014 Alvey District Wood Pole...

  20. Microsoft Word - CX-RossDistrictWoodPolesFY13_WEB.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    9, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Stacie Hensley Realty Specialist - TEP-TPP-4 Proposed Action: 2013 Ross District Wood Pole...

  1. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 203 Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  2. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 203 Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  3. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 245 Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued...

  4. an-lo district keelung: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Downtown Revitalization Industrial Park Improvements Housing and Disaster Recovery Brownfield Redevelopment and identifies the changing needs of the District's communities and...

  5. District heating feasibility, Industrial Corridor, Jamestown, New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Industrial Corridor of Jamestown, New York, contains more than twenty industrial/manufacturing companies, whose thermal demands, in addition to space heating, include significant process heating loads. This study investigated in depth, the technical and economic feasibility of implementing a district heating system in the Industrial Corridor which can serve both process and space heating loads. Based upon the heat load assessment conducted, the study focused upon nine companies with the largest thermal demand. Alternative system implementation designs were considered including new conventional centralized boiler plants, gas turbine cogeneration, and both high temperature hot water and steam as the heat transport media in an underground distribution system. The study concluded that, in view of the nature of existing prospective customer loads being primarily steam based, the most economical system for near term phased development is a steam based system with a new conventional centrally located steam boiler plant. The economic potential for a cogeneration system was found to be sensitive to electricity buy back rates, which at present, are not attractive. Implementing a modern high temperature hot water system would require significant customer retrofit costs to convert their steam based systems to hot water, resulting in long and unattractive pay back periods. Unless customer hot water retrofit costs can be expended without penalty to the district system economics, hot water district heating is not considered economically feasible. Chapters describe heat load assessment; heat source analysis; system implementation; transmission and distribution systems assessment; institutional assessment; system economic analysis; and customer retrofit, economic analysis, and conclusions 20 figs., 22 tabs.

  6. Reorganization of Religious Forces in the Rural and Village Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logan, William Thomas

    1913-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . There are too many "buildings. The seating capacity is out of all proportion to the membership. " A twwn in New hampshire with a total church membership of one hundred sixty-five, and an average attendance of one hundred fifty, has sittings for nine hundred... numerically or financially to mantain a minister of very much ability, or to erect a building adequate to modem needs* The average village or rur*l district, having a half dozen churches will probably have as many Sabbath Schools, all held as the same...

  7. Empire District Electric Co (Missouri) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJump to:Emminol Jump to: navigation, search Name:Empire District

  8. California's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LP BiomassInformation 2nd congressional district Blue Lake

  9. California's 30th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LP BiomassInformation 2nd congressional district Blue

  10. California's 31st congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LP BiomassInformation 2nd congressional district

  11. Illinois' 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia,IDGWP Wind FarmInformation 6th congressional district:

  12. Ohio's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns JumpsourceOffshoreInformation 6th congressional district

  13. District of Columbia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict of Columbia: Energy Resources Jump to:

  14. MHK Projects/Third Reach District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation,Thames atReach District

  15. Overton Power District No 5 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympia GreenThesourceOverton Power District No 5 Jump

  16. Arizona's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: Energy ResourcesInformation Arizona's 6th congressional district

  17. California's 8th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LPInformation 8th congressional district: Energy Resources

  18. California's 9th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LPInformation 8th congressional district: Energy

  19. New Jersey's 4th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR)NevisInformation 4th congressional district

  20. Georgia's 6th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005) |Information 6th congressional district Atlanta

  1. Georgia's 7th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005) |Information 6th congressional district

  2. Geothermal District Heating System City of Klamath Falls | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFifeGEXAGarnetInformation District Heating System

  3. High School Principals' Perceptions of Their Effectiveness in Leading District Initiated High School Reform: An Analysis of High School Principals Previously Engaged in High School Reform in an Urban Texas School District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rios, Carlos

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    school reform. However, to date, research has not provided examples of a successful relationship between campus principals as a collective group and the district (central office) leadership team attempting to implement district-wide high school reform...

  4. An Overview of Operational Characteristics of Selected Irrigation Districts in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley: Harlingen Irrigation District Cameron County No. 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Clint D.; Stubbs, Megan J.; Rister, M. Edward; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Pennington, Ellen L.; Rogers, Callie S.

    Population expansion and water shortfalls have placed the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley (Valley) center stage in water publicity. The unique characteristics and lack of public knowledge on how irrigation districts divert and convey water from...

  5. Water transfers in Northern California : analyzing the termination of the San Francisco--Modesto Irrigation District water transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanner, Keith (Keith Richard)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From 2011 to 2012, the Modesto Irrigation District (MID) and the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) attempted to broker a deal that would transfer water from the rural Central California district to the ...

  6. Predictive control and thermal energy storage for optimizing a multi-energy district boiler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Predictive control and thermal energy storage for optimizing a multi- energy district boiler Julien energy storage. 1. Introduction Managing energy demand, promoting renewable energy and finding ways of the OptiEnR research project, the present paper deals with optimizing the multi-energy district boiler

  7. Woodfuel community heating at Kielder A wood-fired district heating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodfuel community heating at Kielder A wood-fired district heating system, one of the first of its kind in Britain, provides a low- carbon source of heating to the Kielder village community Kielder-fired district heating system was installed in 2004 as a practical low-carbon solution to providing heat and hot

  8. Seepage Test Loss Results The Main Canal Valley Municipal Utility District No. 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, E.; Fipps, G.

    TR-326 2008 Seepage Test Loss Results The Main Canal Valley Municipal Utility District No. 2 Eric Leigh Texas AgriLife Extension Associate, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, College Station Guy... Fipps Texas AgriLife Extension Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, College Station January 21, 2004 SEEPAGE LOSS TEST RESULTS THE MAIN CANAL VALLEY MUNICIPAL UTILITY DISTRICT...

  9. The Geology and History of the Bodie Mining District Jacob van Wesenbeeck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polly, David

    The Geology and History of the Bodie Mining District Jacob van Wesenbeeck Figure reproduced from://picasaweb.google.com/103418918222962184685/Day9#5746706069412311826 #12;Abstract The Bodie mining district, in Mono County, California a hydrothermal system to develop in which water was heated underground and forced to the surface, where

  10. Scientific Investigations Report 20095160 Prepared in cooperation with Teton Conservation District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scientific Investigations Report 2009­5160 Prepared in cooperation with Teton Conservation District, Wyoming, by Using Heat as a Tracer U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey #12;Front cover, Teton Conservation District. D; Teton Village cross section, Wyoming, December 20, 2005. Photograph

  11. Engineering Geology and Stability of the Laprak Landslide, Gorkha District, Western Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haneberg, William C.

    Engineering Geology and Stability of the Laprak Landslide, Gorkha District, Western Nepal NARAYAN Key Terms: Landslides, Rainfall, Seepage, Stability Analysis, Finite Element Analysis, Nepal ABSTRACT.70E, at about 2,150 m elevation along the Raizo Khola valley in the Gorkha District of western Nepal

  12. Risk-sensitive optimal switching and applications to district energy systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glendinning, Paul

    Risk-sensitive optimal switching and applications to district energy systems Jhonny Gonzalez School. Cost optimisation of energy system assets has typically been carried out under the assumption of risk-sensitive control, storage, risk measures, op- timal switching, district energy systems. I. INTRODUCTION The optimal

  13. Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    residential central air condi- tioners, central heat pumps, and furnaces, collectively referred to as heating,

  14. WRRC Report No. 163 The Water Resources Research Center (WRRC) of the University of the District of Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    , and program reports. The Universities and Colleges within the District of Columbia which are eligible College, Trinity College, University of the District of Columbia. The research projects are based: D.C. Water Resources Research Center University of the District of Columbia 4200 Connecticut Ave. N

  15. Optimal Operation of a Waste Incineration Plant for District Heating Johannes Jaschke, Helge Smedsrud, Sigurd Skogestad*, Henrik Manum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Optimal Operation of a Waste Incineration Plant for District Heating Johannes J¨aschke, Helge@chemeng.ntnu.no off-line. This systematic approach is here applied to a waste incineration plant for district heating. In district heating networks, operators usually wish to ob- tain the lowest possible return temperature

  16. The Public Hall of Residence is located in Ferrol town centre, at Magdalena district to be precise. It is easily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraguela, Basilio B.

    The Public Hall of Residence is located in Ferrol town centre, at Magdalena district to be precise. It is easily accesible to both Esteiro and Serantes campuses. The Magdalena district is an example of rational. This district preserves eighteenthcentury houses, with wrought iron balconies on stone corbels and glazed white

  17. Photoreversible Micellar Solution as a Smart Drag-Reducing Fluid for Use in District Heating/Cooling Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Srinivasa

    Photoreversible Micellar Solution as a Smart Drag-Reducing Fluid for Use in District Heating solution is developed as a promising working fluid for district heating/cooling systems (DHCs). It can systems. A promising application of DR fluids is in district heating/ cooling systems (DHCs)9

  18. A Bigger Chill | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2 Q3

  19. Ukraine Kievenergo district heating project. Volume 1. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study, conducted by Joseph Technolgoy Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The purpose of this study was directed toward increasing the heat capacity, reducing fuel costs and import requirements, bringing about energy efficiency in the Kiev District Heating (DH) system; improving environmental conditions in affected areas; and supporting the strengthening and restructuring of Kiev, DH institutions and development of the DH sector. The report lists project risks and offers recommendations to minimize these risks. Also included are detailed cost estimates and financial analyses. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) Acknowledgement, (2) Project Summary, (3) Abbreviations, (4) I. Sector Background and Objectives, (5) II. The Project, (6) III. Implementing Agencies, (7) IV. Financial Aspects, (8) V. Project Benefits and Risks, (9) VI. Agreements to be Reached and Recommendations, (10) Annexes.

  20. Remote Sensing Assessment Of Karez Irrigation Systems And Archaeological Resources In Maywand District, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egitto, Antoinette

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation focuses on the history, diffusion, and cultural significance of the karez, a form of traditional irrigation system, based on a case study of Maywand District in Kandahar Province, Afghanistan. Remote ...

  1. Proposed Metering and Instrumentation Monitoring and Analysis Plan and Budget: Alamo Community College District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neal, D. L.; Carlson, K. A.; Sweeney, J., Jr.; Milligan, K.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this overview is to outline the metering points that will be monitored by the Energy Systems Laboratory (ESL). At three of the campuses, Alamo Community College District (ACCD) has a central energy management system (EMS) installed...

  2. Municipal District Heating and Cooling Co-generation System Feasibility Research 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, W.; Guan, W.; Pan, Y.; Ding, G.; Song, X.; Zhang, Y.; Li, Y.; Wei, H.; He, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In summer absorption refrigerating machines provide cold water using excess heat from municipal thermoelectric power plant through district heating pipelines, which reduces peak electric load from electricity networks in summer. The paper simulates...

  3. Genetic structure of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum in the Bannu district of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khatoon, Lubna; Baliraine, Frederick N; Bonizzoni, Mariangela; Malik, Salman A; Yan, Guiyun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    adjoining with NWFP, Pakistan: district Zhob. Pak J Biol Sciof malaria in Pakistan [http:// 202.83.164.26/wps/portal/a malaria-endemic area of Pakistan. Am J Trop Med Hyg 9.

  4. Cost-Effectiveness of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 for the District of Columbia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, Philip R.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Xie, YuLong; Zhang, Jian; Richman, Eric E.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Loper, Susan A.; Myer, Michael

    2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Moving to the ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2010 version from the Base Code (90.1-2007) is cost-effective for all building types and climate zones in the District of Columbia.

  5. Transcript of April 11, 2013, TAP webinar titled Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Technical Assistance Program (TAP) transcript of a TAP webinar held on April 11, 2013 and dealing with how to finance energy efficiency upgrades for K-12 school districts.

  6. Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Research, Development and Demonstration on District Heating and Cooling, including the integration of CHP, not mentioned here, supplied information in various ways. All help is very much appreciated. Lyngby, December

  7. Relationship of technology level of progress to school district demographic variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Trina Joy

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    student enrollment and the percentage of economically disadvantaged students, taken together, to the technology level of progress. A major finding that emerged from the analyses was the fact that the majority of school districts across the student...

  8. Obstacles in pursuing teacher certification of paraprofessional employees in a Texas urban school district 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marz, Carrie Oden

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    School districts across the country are faced with teacher shortages in critical need areas such as special education and bilingual education. Further complicating this shortage is the movement to augment the existing ...

  9. Obstacles in pursuing teacher certification of paraprofessional employees in a Texas urban school district

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marz, Carrie Oden

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    teachers in order to more closely reflect the changing demographics of the student population. Many states/districts have turned to alternative routes to teaching certification as the answer to expedite the recruitment of teachers. A largely untapped...

  10. A Historical View of the Magnolia Independent School District, Magnolia, Texas, 1900-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Robert M.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    understanding of the future. This qualitative explanatory historical study of the schools of Magnolia, Texas creates a record of the Magnolia Independent School District by focusing on the political climate, growth patterns, and ethnic influences from 1900...

  11. Demonstration of the Rapid Assessment Tool: Analysis of Water Supply Conditions in the Harlingen Irrigation District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, E.; Fipps, G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    network of irrigation districts. The Water Supply (Head) Conditions component of RAT is designed to determine the extent of the area affected from less than optimal water supply, to identify associated canal and pipeline segments, and to define the major...

  12. Proposed Metering and Instrumentation Monitoring and Analysis Plan and Budget: Alamo Community College District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neal, D. L.; Carlson, K. A.; Sweeney, J., Jr.; Milligan, K.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this overview is to outline the metering points that will be monitored by the Energy Systems Laboratory (ESL). At three of the campuses, Alamo Community College District (ACCD) has a central energy management system (EMS) installed...

  13. Shifting Identities in South Kansas City: Hickman Mills's Transformation from a Suburban to Urban School District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rife, Aaron Tyler

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the history and development of a suburban school district, as its surrounding community transformed from a quiet village to a white, blue-collar suburb, then to an urban space with predominantly ...

  14. Irrigation Districts: Establishment of Electric Light and Power Systems: Powers (Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Irrigation districts, created in section 46-1xx, are encouraged to appropriate water in order to generate electric light and power. The Department of Natural Resources has the authority to approve...

  15. Microsoft Word - CX-SpokaneDistrictWoodPoleReplacementsFY13_WEB...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Amanda Williams Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: 2013 Spokane District Wood Pole...

  16. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    45.5 49.2 W W 44.5 45.4 See footnotes at end of table. 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

  17. Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    55.1 47.1 W W 55.1 46.2 See footnotes at end of table. 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

  18. Well blowout rates in California Oil and Gas District 4--Update and Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Sally M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three-quarters of the oil production in California was fromThree-fifths of the oil production in the District was viameasured in offshore oil production in the Outer Continental

  19. Municipal District Heating and Cooling Co-generation System Feasibility Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, W.; Guan, W.; Pan, Y.; Ding, G.; Song, X.; Zhang, Y.; Li, Y.; Wei, H.; He, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In summer absorption refrigerating machines provide cold water using excess heat from municipal thermoelectric power plant through district heating pipelines, which reduces peak electric load from electricity networks in summer. The paper simulates...

  20. District Youth in Brief: Illegal Alcohol Sales to Minors Where Were Underage Youth Sold Alcohol During

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchberg, Howard

    District Youth in Brief: Illegal Alcohol Sales to Minors Where Were Underage Youth Sold Alcohol the wards, approximately 9 to 16% of all compliance checks resulted in an illegal sale to a minor. The ward

  1. FIA-12-0059- In the Matter of California Arizona Nevada District Organization

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On October 31, 2012, the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) denied a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Appeal filed by the California Arizona Nevada District...

  2. FIA-12-0053- In the Matter of Arizona Nevada District Organization

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On October 11, 2012, the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) denied a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Appeal filed by the California Arizona Nevada District...

  3. FIA-12-0054- In the Matter of California-Arizona-Nevada District Organization Contract Compliance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On September 14, 2012, California-Arizona-Nevada District Organization Contract Compliance (CANDO) filed an appeal from a final determination issued by the Loan Guarantee Program Office (LGPO) of...

  4. The Operation Management and Energy Consumption Analysis of the District Cooling System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Q.; Li, D.; Xu, W.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the operation management. It can be concluded that the district cooling system not only can save energy and protect the environment, but also is economically feasible. It should be developed and popularized in China because of its significant advantages....

  5. A formative evaluation of the College Station Independent School District's guidance and counseling program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conner, Paul William

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1981 Major Subject: Psychology A FORMATIVE EVALUATION OF THE COLLEGE STATION INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT'S GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING PROGRAM A Thesis by PAUL lrl I LL 1 AM CONNER Approved as to sty1e... and content by: (Ch an of Committee) c(. '. c rc (Member) (Member) (Head of Department) December 1981 ABSTRACT A Formative Evaluation of the College Station Independent School District's Gu1dance and Counse11ng Program (December 1981) Paul William...

  6. Selected construction contract administration standard operation procedures for Texas Department of Transportation, Odessa District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reachi, Santiago

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    . District Construction Office Staff (DCOS) 3. Director of Construction (DOC) 16 4. District Engineer (DE) 5. Construction Director (CST) 6. Assistant Executive Director, Engineering Operations (AED EO) If a CO needs to be expedited, please make... it known to the DCO; do not override approvals in SiteManager (SM) without DCO knowledge and consent. Chronological Procedure The AO notifies DCO via GroupWise (GW) that a draft CO is in SM for review. Use the Master Checklist to see the Standard...

  7. A rural multi-county judicial district in Texas: a socio-legal analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebesta, Charles Joseph

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    than 200 defense attorneys, defendants, law enforcement officers, and other participants were informally interviewed about the various aspects of the court's operation. The researcher during the same time frame participated in over 40 jury trials... of the most important "decision makers" in the rural district court, while other studies considered the sheriff or his equivalent as being a part of law enforcement as a whole. The study found that the emphasis in the rural district court is on "crime...

  8. Recruitment and retention initiatives for African American and Hispanic teachers in selected school districts in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Anita Jane

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION INITIATIVES FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN AND HISPANIC TEACHERS IN SELECTED SCHOOL DISTRICTS IN TEXAS A Dissertation by ANITA JANE PERRY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... IN SELECTED SCHOOL DISTRICTS IN TEXAS A Dissertation by ANITA JANE PERRY Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content by...

  9. Water Loss Test Results: West Main Canal United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, E.; Fipps, G.

    IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGY CENTER Texas Cooperative Extension ? Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Texas A&M University System 1 Extension Associate, and Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer... Table 3. Data for Test UN1: West Main District: United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County Test ID: UN1 Canal: West Main Lining Type: Lined Starting Water Span Widths: SG1: 11.21 ft, SG3: 11.24 ft, SG5: 11.26 ft Date...

  10. Nationwide survey of energy conservation in public school districts: Institutional, organizational, and technical characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Collins, N.E.; Ettinger, G.A.; Gaines, L.L.; Kier, P.H.; Miller, K.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Kammerud, R.C. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the responses to a mail survey sent to superintendents and other administrators of public school districts. The survey was part of an evaluation project for the USDOE Institutional Conservation Program (ICP). The goal of the project is to identify the most successful energy conservation measures (equipment and activities) available to the institutional buildings sector. To accomplish this goal, four specific research objectives were defined: To determine the impact of the ICP grants program on fostering energy efficiency and saving energy; to determine key characteristics of institutional conservation efforts outside the federal program; To determine the technical, organizational, and Institutional conditions that create the opportunity for energy conservation measures (ECMS) to be most effective; and to identify key technology transfer opportunities. This report focuses on those characteristics of school districts (and the schools within those districts) that might influence the identification, implementation, operation, and impacts of institutional energy conservation efforts. Information about institutional characteristics was gathered through a mail survey of public school districts and private schools. The first mailing resulted in responses from 90 of the 823 public school districts selected through a combination cluster-and-stratification sampling technique and 64 of the 1,700 private schools selected as a stratified random sample. Remaining project resources were used to collect data to achieve a statistically sound sample of a total of 250 public school districts by telephone interviews. In doing so, some questions had to be dropped. Responses from both the mall surveys and the telephone interviews of public school districts were combined into one data set. This report describes results for all 250 districts.

  11. Investigation of health care waste management in Binzhou District, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruoyan, Gai [Department of Health Policy and Planning, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 1130033 (Japan); Xu Lingzhong; Li Huijuan; Zhou Chengchao; He Jiangjiang [Institute of Social Medicine and Health Services Management, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Wen-hua-xi Road, No. 44, Jinan City, Shandong Province 250012 (China); Yoshihisa, Shirayama [Department of Health Policy and Planning, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 1130033 (Japan); Tang Wei [Institute of Social Medicine and Health Services Management, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Wen-hua-xi Road, No. 44, Jinan City, Shandong Province 250012 (China); University of Tokyo Hospital, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655 (Japan); Chushi, Kuroiwa, E-mail: ckuroiw@m.u-tokyo.ac.j [Department of Health Policy and Planning, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 1130033 (Japan); Institute of Social Medicine and Health Services Management, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Wen-hua-xi Road, No. 44, Jinan City, Shandong Province 250012 (China)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In China, national regulations and standards for health care waste management were implemented in 2003. To investigate the current status of health care waste management at different levels of health care facilities (HCF) after the implementation of these regulations, one tertiary hospital, one secondary hospital, and four primary health care centers from Binzhou District were visited and 145 medical staff members and 24 cleaning personnel were interviewed. Generated medical waste totaled 1.22, 0.77, and 1.17 kg/bed/day in tertiary, secondary, and primary HCF, respectively. The amount of medical waste generated in primary health care centers was much higher than that in secondary hospitals, which may be attributed to general waste being mixed with medical waste. This study found that the level of the HCF, responsibility for medical waste management in departments and wards, educational background and training experience can be factors that determine medical staff members' knowledge of health care waste management policy. Regular training programs and sufficient provision of protective measures are urgently needed to improve occupational safety for cleaning personnel. Financing and administrative monitoring by local authorities is needed to improve handling practices and the implementation of off-site centralized disposal in primary health care centers.

  12. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    than one may apply) Elec- tricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat District Chilled Water Propane Other a All Buildings* ... 4,645 4,414 4,404 2,391...

  13. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    than one may apply) Elec- tricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat District Chilled Water Propane Other a All Buildings* ... 64,783 63,343 63,307...

  14. Techno-economic analysis of renewable energy source options for a district heating project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghafghazi, S. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sowlati, T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Melin, Staffan [University of British Columbia, Vancouver

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the increased interest in exploiting renewable energy sources for district heating applications, the economic comparison of viable options has been considered as an important step in making a sound decision. In this paper, the economic performance of several energy options for a district heating system in Vancouver, British Columbia, is studied. The considered district heating system includes a 10 MW peaking/ backup natural gas boiler to provide about 40% of the annual energy requirement and a 2.5 MW base-load system. The energy options for the base-load system include: wood pellet, sewer heat, and geothermal heat. Present values of initial and operating costs of each system were calculated over 25-year service life of the systems, considering depreciation and salvage as a negative cost item. It was shown that the wood pellet heat producing technologies provided less expensive energy followed by the sewer heat recovery, geothermal and natural gas systems. Among wood pellet technologies, the grate burner was a less expensive option than powder and gasifier technologies. It was found that using natural gas as a fuel source for the peaking/backup system accounted for more than 40% of the heat production cost for the considered district heating center. This is mainly due to the high natural gas prices which cause high operating costs over the service life of the district heating system. Variations in several economic inputs did not change the ranking of the technology options in the sensitivity analysis. However, it was found that the results were more sensitive to changes in operating costs of the system than changes in initial investment. It is economical to utilize wood pellet boilers to provide the base-load energy requirement of district heating systems Moreover, the current business approach to use natural gas systems for peaking and backup in district heating systems could increase the cost of heat production significantly.

  15. Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Third Evaluation Report and Appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes operations at Alameda-Contra Costa Transit district for three protoype fuel cell buses and six diesel buses operating from the same location.

  16. Potential for a cycling steam power plant with TES to supply district heating in Washington DC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hobson, M.J.

    1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Office of the District of Columbia is planning the conversion of a 1500 TPD incinerator for district heating and the generation of electric power for sale to the local utility, PEPCO. This paper records a preliminary evaluation of whether hot water storage would be appropriate at the heat source plant to maximize power sales and improve the reliability of the district heat service. Hot water storage is being employed successfully at Herning, Denmark, in conjunction with a cogeneration plant heat source, and this concept is adapted to Washington D.C. area needs for heating and cooling service. Heat storage allows a 7% increase in power sales based on a simplified approach to daily load profiles and PEPCO's proposed avoided cost rates. Pressurized storage is uneconomic due to the high cost of containment, but atmospheric storage at 200F shows a simple payback of 5 years.

  17. Investigating the Distribution of Teacher Quality by Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status of Students by School in One Large School District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGlohn, Robin

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    large school district. The population for this study included 69 schools during the 2007-2008 school year within one large suburban school district. Included in this study were 47 elementary schools, 14 middle schools, and 8 high schools...

  18. The relationships between sociodemographic characteristics of Texas school districts and the Texas Education Agency's indicators of disproportionate representation in special education programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Eleazar

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Texas' public school districts, this study examined the relationships between a set of school districts' sociodemographic variables on the proportion of students identified with LEP and students identified as economically disadvantaged served in special...

  19. The understanding of the urban pattern of the financial district with the introduction of new technological improvements in the process of conducting business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawhney, Nomita

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis poses a question for the future of financial districts. Attempting to understand the future evolution of financial districts. It begins by tracing the history of financial speculation and its expressions in ...

  20. Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: Implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Preston D.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2007) Crude oil production. http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/dnav/The majority of District 4’s oil production was by thermallythis leakage. Background Oil production from District 4 The

  1. The Use of Aluminum Process Reject Heat as the Source of Energy for a District Heating System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCabe, J.; Olszewski, M.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rocket Research Company (RRC) is investigating the use of industrial process reject heat as a source of energy for large scale district heating. The District heating System is a network of closed-loop hot water pipes that recover energy from...

  2. Energy Sources and Systems Analysis: 40 South Lincoln Redevelopment District (Short Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the a brief overview of the results of a case study to analyze district energy systems for their potential use in a project that involves redeveloping 270 units of existing public housing, along with other nearby sites. When complete, the redevelopment project will encompass more than 900 mixed-income residential units, commercial and retail properties, and open space. The analysis estimated the hourly heating, cooling, domestic hot water, and electric loads required by the community; investigated potential district system technologies to meet those needs; and researched available fuel sources to power such systems. A full report of this case study is also available.

  3. Energy Sources and Systems Analysis: 40 South Lincoln Redevelopment District (Full Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a case study to analyze district energy systems for their potential use in a project that involves redeveloping 270 units of existing public housing, along with other nearby sites. When complete, the redevelopment project will encompass more than 900 mixed-income residential units, commercial and retail properties, and open space. The analysis estimated the hourly heating, cooling, domestic hot water, and electric loads required by the community; investigated potential district system technologies to meet those needs; and researched available fuel sources to power such systems.

  4. Validating the Estimated Cost of Saving Water Through Infrastructure Rehabilitation in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley (Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacewell, R. D.; Rister, M.; Sturdivant, A. W.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Case Study Using Actual Construction Costs for the Curry Main Pipeline Project, Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1 (Edinburg)...

  5. Validating the Estimated Cost of Saving Water Through Infrastructure Rehabilitation in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley (Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacewell, R. D.; Rister, M.; Sturdivant, A. W.

    A Case Study Using Actual Construction Costs for the Curry Main Pipeline Project, Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1 (Edinburg)...

  6. "Potential for Combined Heat and Power and District Heating and Cooling from Waste-to-Energy Facilities in the U.S. Learning from the Danish Experience"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Kenneth

    "Potential for Combined Heat and Power and District Heating and Cooling from Waste- to Engineering Center and the Henry Krumb School of Mines May 2007 #12;1 Executive Summary In District Heating is used for the generation of electricity. The advantages of district heating using WTE plants are

  7. Muhamad Tayyab Analysis of forest related development interventions in highland district of NWFP, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    , Pakistan Analysis of forest related development interventions in highland district of NWFP, Pakistan Summary Forests and rangelands in Pakistan provide important economic resources for the country as well as for the people living in the adjacent areas. Most of the natural forests of Pakistan are located

  8. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    82.4 77.1 68.9 62.6 71.6 92.3 89.9 82.6 72.7 - 78.2 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information...

  9. Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    82.5 75.1 68.6 62.0 70.7 92.7 90.7 81.5 72.8 - 78.0 See footnotes at end of table. 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 56 Energy Information...

  10. Tri-Cities Research District A place to do business and thrive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), the Port of Benton, and other economic development partners have of land surrounding the PNNL campus » Currently home to 80+ tenants that employ more than 8,000 people-mail: Gary.Spanner@pnnl.gov http://www.pnnl.gov/edo/opportunities/research_ district.stm November 2012 PNNL

  11. Timber Quality Steering Group Meeting at Grizedale Information Centre, Lake District, 23rd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    seedling material and that heather control needs to be suppressed. 3.6 Steering Group's Achievements (See1 Timber Quality Steering Group 9th Meeting at Grizedale Information Centre, Lake District, 23rd Drewitt (student) have been looking at external characteristics such as brand model, frequency and angle

  12. TOPOGRAPHY OF TITAN'S ARCTIC LAKE DISTRICT: IMPLICATIONS FOR SUBSURFACE LIQUID ALKANE FLOW. K. L. Mitchell1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TOPOGRAPHY OF TITAN'S ARCTIC LAKE DISTRICT: IMPLICATIONS FOR SUBSURFACE LIQUID ALKANE FLOW. K. L Monopulse Amplitude Comparison method [3]. This technique estimates surface heights by comparing of good radar return where topography varies within the measurement width, and insufficient in areas

  13. RESOLUTION NO. 2013 -110 RESOLUTION AMENDING THE TURLOCK IRRIGA TION DISTRICT'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owned Electric Utilities and the Turlock Irrigation District Renewable Resources Procurement Plan. NOW) with the TID Renewable Resources Procurement Plan. The TID Renewable Resources Procurement Plan, at minimum Compliance Period 1, January 1, 2011 to December 31,2013, TID shall procure renewable energy resources

  14. GraftonCountyConservationDistrict PortableSkidderBridgeDemonstrationWorkshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    conservation services to protect, improve and sustain our natural resources. GRAFTON COUNTY CONSERVATION Finlay, District Conservationist Donna Doel, Soil Conservationist Mitch Hess, Soil Conservationist Jack and are a Best Management Practice for controlling non-point source pollution associated with timber harvest

  15. Spatial and Temporal Survey of Feral Pig Ectoparasites in Three Texas Wildlife Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuster, Anthony

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    . Two hundred fifty six fleas, Pulex porcinus (Jordan and Rothschild), were collected from all gender and age classes of feral pigs at the South Texas Plains wildlife district. No fleas were collected at either the Hill Country or Post Oak Savannah...

  16. FIA-12-0020- In the Matter of California-Arizona-Nevada District Organization Contract Compliance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Hearings and Appeals granted a Motion for Reconsideration of part of a Decision we issued on March 23, 2012, relating to appeals filed by California-Arizona-Nevada District Organization Contract Compliance (CANDO) under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

  17. Water Loss Test Results for the West Main Pipeline United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, E.; Fipps, G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TR-322 2008 Water Loss Test Results for the West Main Pipeline United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County Eric Leigh Texas AgriLife Extension Associate, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, College... Station Guy Fipps Texas AgriLife Extension Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, College Station March 20, 2007 Water Loss Test Results for the West Main Pipeline United Irrigation...

  18. Water Loss Test Results for the West Main Pipeline United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, E.; Fipps, G.

    TR-322 2008 Water Loss Test Results for the West Main Pipeline United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County Eric Leigh Texas AgriLife Extension Associate, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, College... Station Guy Fipps Texas AgriLife Extension Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, College Station March 20, 2007 Water Loss Test Results for the West Main Pipeline United Irrigation...

  19. A Cold War Battlefield: Frenchman Flat Historic District, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, William Gray [DRI; Holz, Barbara A [DRI; Jones, Robert [DRI

    2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office with the documentation necessary to establish the Frenchman Flat Historic District on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). It includes a list of historic properties that contribute to the eligibility of the district for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and provides contextual information establishing its significance. The list focuses on buildings, structures and features associated with the period of atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons on the NTS between 1951 and 1962. A total of 157 locations of buildings and structures were recorded of which 115 are considered to be eligible for the NRHP. Of these, 28 have one or more associated features which include instrumentation supports, foundations, etc. The large majority of contributing structures are buildings built to study the blast effects of nuclear weaponry. This has resulted in a peculiar accumulation of deteriorated structures that, unlike most historic districts, is best represented by those that are the most damaged. Limitations by radiological control areas, surface exposure and a focus on the concentration of accessible properties on the dry lake bed indicate additional properties exist which could be added to the district on a case-by-case basis.

  20. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Public Health (Health Visiting, School Nursing or District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyde, Tillman

    in public health policy making and practice development in relation to the management and delivery1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Public Health (Health of the Health Visitor, School Nurse or District Nurse in the new NHS is changing in response to the health

  1. The University of Minnesota saves approximately $3 million annually as a result of district cooling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Peter

    Benefits The University of Minnesota saves approximately $3 million annually as a result running stand-alone units in individual buildings. Money is saved through: · Reducedmaintenancecosts eco-friendly products. The district unit's efficiency means they use less energy. Cost Savings Annual

  2. Baling Used Agricultural Plastic Dr. Ron Goldy, MSUE, District Extension Educator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Only soft-bale technology was tried for baling field plastic Figure 1. Applying plastic mulch and dripBaling Used Agricultural Plastic Dr. Ron Goldy, MSUE, District Extension Educator Introduction: Use of plastics in vegetable production has greatly increased over the past several years (Figure 1). Plastic

  3. Filling holes in regional carbon budgets: Predicting peat depth in a north temperate lake district

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    Filling holes in regional carbon budgets: Predicting peat depth in a north temperate lake district] Peat deposits contain on the order of 1/6 of the Earth's terrestrial fixed carbon (C), but uncertainty in peat depth precludes precise estimates of peat C storage. To assess peat C in the Northern Highlands

  4. Project Profile: The Sacramento Municipal Utility District Consumnes Power Plant Solar Augmentation Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD), under the Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Heat Integration for Baseload Renewable Energy Development (HIBRED) program, is demonstrating a hybrid CSP solar energy system that takes advantage of an existing electrical generator for its power block and transmission interconnection.

  5. FIA-12-0004- In the Matter of California-Arizona-Nevada District Organization Contract Compliance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Hearings and Appeals issued one Decision relating to two appeals filed by California-Arizona-Nevada District Organization Contract Compliance (CANDO) from two determination letters issued by the Loan Guarantee Program Office (LGPO) of the Department of Energy (DOE) under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

  6. FIA-12-0005- In the Matter of California-Arizona-Nevada District Organization Contract Compliance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Hearings and Appeals issued one Decision relating to two appeals filed by California-Arizona-Nevada District Organization Contract Compliance (CANDO) from two determination letters issued by the Loan Guarantee Program Office (LGPO) of the Department of Energy (DOE) under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

  7. Big doctor on campus Dr. McGarvey wins District Teacher of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford, Kyle

    Big doctor on campus Dr. McGarvey wins District Teacher of the Year award. Nathan Gonzales Staff. John McGarvey. Unique is one way to put it, award-winning is another one entirely. For 20 years, Dr. Mc on the floor. It took me almost three months to win them over." Through the years, however, McGarvey began

  8. Life cycle assessment of base-load heat sources for district heating system options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghafghazi, Saeed [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sowlati, T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Melin, Staffan [Delta Research Corporation

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose There has been an increased interest in utilizing renewable energy sources in district heating systems. District heating systems are centralized systems that provide heat for residential and commercial buildings in a community. While various renewable and conventional energy sources can be used in such systems, many stakeholders are interested in choosing the feasible option with the least environmental impacts. This paper evaluates and compares environmental burdens of alternative energy source options for the base load of a district heating center in Vancouver, British Columbia (BC) using the life cycle assessment method. The considered energy sources include natural gas, wood pellet, sewer heat, and ground heat. Methods The life cycle stages considered in the LCA model cover all stages from fuel production, fuel transmission/transportation, construction, operation, and finally demolition of the district heating system. The impact categories were analyzed based on the IMPACT 2002+ method. Results and discussion On a life-cycle basis, the global warming effect of renewable energy options were at least 200 kgeqCO2 less than that of the natural gas option per MWh of heat produced by the base load system. It was concluded that less than 25% of the upstream global warming impact associated with the wood pellet energy source option was due to transportation activities and about 50% of that was resulted from wood pellet production processes. In comparison with other energy options, the wood pellets option has higher impacts on respiratory of inorganics, terrestrial ecotoxicity, acidification, and nutrification categories. Among renewable options, the global warming impact of heat pump options in the studied case in Vancouver, BC, were lower than the wood pellet option due to BC's low carbon electricity generation profile. Ozone layer depletion and mineral extraction were the highest for the heat pump options due to extensive construction required for these options. Conclusions Natural gas utilization as the primary heat source for district heat production implies environmental complications beyond just the global warming impacts. Diffusing renewable energy sources for generating the base load district heat would reduce human toxicity, ecosystem quality degradation, global warming, and resource depletion compared to the case of natural gas. Reducing fossil fuel dependency in various stages of wood pellet production can remarkably reduce the upstream global warming impact of using wood pellets for district heat generation.

  9. High School Principals' Perceptions of Their Effectiveness in Leading District Initiated High School Reform: An Analysis of High School Principals Previously Engaged in High School Reform in an Urban Texas School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rios, Carlos

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Current research has described a changed central office perspective that not only includes campus principals as part of the district's leadership team, but also focuses on developing principals' instructional abilities ...

  10. Demographic profiles associated with academic performance for third grade students in North Forest and Aldine Independent School Districts in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slaughter, Steven Darryll

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The study examined the demographic profiles associated with academic performance for third grade students in North Forest and Aldine Independent School Districts (ISDs) in Texas. Specifically, the study showed the impact that gender, ethnicity...

  11. Leadership behaviors and collective efficacy as perceived by teachers of schools in the Katy Independent School District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Joe Wilson

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purposes of this study were to discover any connections between leadership effectiveness and collective efficacy from campuses in the Katy Independent School District. It also was designed to discover other possible connections between...

  12. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1 (Edinburg) - North Branch / East Main - Final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

    Initial construction costs and net annual changes in operating and maintenance expenses are identified for a single-component capital renovation project proposed by Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1 to the Bureau of Reclamation and North...

  13. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan) - Relining Lateral A - Final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popp, Michael; Robinson, John; Sturdivant, Allen; Lacewell, Ronald; Rister, Edward

    Initial construction costs and net annual changes in operating and maintenance expenses are identified for a single-component capital renovation project proposed by Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2, (a.k.a. San Juan) to the North American...

  14. Costs of Saving Water in South Texas with Irrigation District Infrastructure Rehabilitation - Using Capital Budgeting with RGIDECON©

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, E.; Lacewell, R.; Sturdivant, A.

    As a part of the irrigation district plans, economists with Texas AgriLife Research and the Texas AgriLife Extension Service (through the Rio Grande Basin Initiative), developed and applied a spreadsheet model RGIDECON© (Rio Grande Irrigation...

  15. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1 (Edinburg) - Curry Main - Final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

    Initial construction costs and net annual changes in operating and maintenance expenses are identified for a single-component capital renovation project proposed by Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 1 to the Bureau of Reclamation and North...

  16. Establishing the SECME Model in the District of Columbia. Quarterly report, September 1, 1993--December 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Technical progress and Federal Cash Transaction reports are presented for the first quarter. The work has been valuable in providing opportunities for greater academic achievement in mathematics and science for minority students in the District of Columbia.

  17. Changing aspects of economic and family structures in Kal?rdasht, a district in Northern Iran, up to 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mir-Hosseini, Ziba

    1980-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is offered as a contribution to the ethnography of Iran. As such it is concerned with the description of some aspects of the economic and familial life in Kalardasht, a mountainous district in the Caspian provinces of Iran...

  18. Preliminary Retro-Commissioning Study on Optimal Operation for the Heat Source System of a District Heating Cooling Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shingu, H.; Yoshida, H.; Wang, F.; Ono, E.

    In order to improve the energy performance of a district heating and cooling (DHC) plant, the expected performance of the plant is studied using simulations based on mathematical models. A complete heat source system model, equipped with an embedded...

  19. Understanding the Needs of Arkansas School Districts Relative to Building Use and Control Utility Tracking Personnel and Facility Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keazer, J. A.; Nutter, D. W.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the Needs of Arkansas School Districts Relative to Building Use and Control, Utility Tracking, Personnel, and Facility Planning Jay A. Keazer Darin W. Nutter Mechanical Engineering Department University of Arkansas... Fayetteville, Arkansas ABSTRACT This paper documents the results and conclusions from a survey of Arkansas public school district superintendents as part of a project to analyze the energy performance and utility-related needs of Arkansas’ K-12...

  20. Business and educational partnerships: a study of the International School of the Americas, Northeast Independent School District, San Antonio, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isbell, Kelly Jeanne

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BUSINESS AND EDUCATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS A STUDY OF THE INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL OF THE AMERICAS, NORTHEAST INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS A Thesis by KELLY JEANNE ISBELL Submitted to the Ofilce of Graduate Studies of Texas A..., NORTHEAST INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS. A Thesis by KELLY JEANNE ISBELL Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by L iui M...

  1. Implementing Solar PV Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kandt, A.; Hotchkiss, E.; Walker, A.; Buddenborg, J; Lindberg, J.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many municipalities, particularly in older communities of the United States, have a large amount of historic buildings and districts. In addition to preserving these historic assets, many municipalities have goals or legislative requirements to procure a certain amount of energy from renewable sources and to become more efficient in their energy use; often, these requirements do not exempt historic buildings. This paper details findings from a workshop held in Denver, Colorado, in June 2010 that brought together stakeholders from both the solar and historic preservation industries. Based on these findings, this paper identifies challenges and recommends solutions for developing solar photovoltaic (PV) projects on historic buildings and in historic districts in such a way as to not affect the characteristics that make a building eligible for historic status.

  2. City of Allentown, assessment of a district heating system. Final report, 1981-1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliker, I.; Tamayne, T.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The City of Allentown has designed a district heating system in three separate parts. Two of these will serve the central business district with high temperature hot water using natural gas as the fuel source. A large industrial area needing process steam will be served from another plant 50 MWe (37.5 MWt) cogenerating fluidized bed combustion units. It will occupy the site of a former waste incinerator and will use western Pennsylvania coal as fuel. The construction is phased to cover the period from 1983 to 1991, and is able to provide a substantial number of new jobs while reducing consumer costs for heat. Although a solid waste to energy incinerator at first seemed to be a good source of heat and an assist in waste disposal now using a remote location for sanitary land-fill, the idea was abandoned in the face of opposition to a perceived problem in air pollution from its emissions.

  3. Basin View Geothermal Heating District, Klamath Falls, Oregon: conceptual design and economic-feasibility study report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The findings of a feasibility study performed for Basin View Heating District in Klamath Falls, Oregon are reported. The purpose of the study is to determine the physical, economic, and political feasibility of establishing a geothermal heating district to provide space heat to housing units in the Basin View Development of Klamath Falls. Of the several systems considered, all are physically feasible. The project is politically feasible if the owner compiles with governmental requirements. Economic feasibility is based on considerations of money value rates, tax rates and expected rates of return, which are dependent on government and money markets. For analysis a money value rate of 21% and an owner's marginal tax rate of 35% were adopted.

  4. Inarticulate Brachiopods of the Lower and Middle Cambrian Pioche Shale of the Pioche District, Nevada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowell, A. J.

    1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS March 11,1980 Paper 98 INARTICULATE BRACHIOPODS OF THE LOWER AND MIDDLE CAMBRIAN PIOCHE SHALE OF THE PIOCHE DISTRICT, NEVADA' A. J. ROWELL Muscum of Invertebrate Paleontology and Departincnt... of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045 ABSTRACT The Pioche Shale spans the Lower-Middle Cambrian boundary as currently recog- nized in North America. It has yielded a modest inarticulate brachiopod fauna repre- sented by at least nine species from...

  5. Investigation of Trinity River paleochannels in the central business district, Dallas, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brillinger, Allan Brown

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    significant flows of gasoline and ground-water from the fluvial sands. Organization and analysis of over 1, 000 geotechnical logs from the central business district allowed interpretation of the fluvial deposits to determine the sources of hazardous fluids... and ground-water and to predict where future excavations may encounter similar problems, as well as problems with slope stability. Paleochannels and associated fluvial deposits are present on the Union Terminal and Travis School bedrock terraces. Love...

  6. District heating from electric-generating plants and municipal incinerators: local planner's assessment guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pferdehirt, W.; Kron, N. Jr.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide is designed to aid local government planners in the preliminary evaluation of the feasibility of district heating using heat recovered from electric generating plants and municipal incinerators. System feasibility is indicated by: (1) the existence of an adequate supply of nearby waste heat, (2) the presence of a sufficiently dense and large thermal load, and (3) a favorable cost comparison with conventional heating methods. 34 references.

  7. Thermal Imaging of Canals for Remote Detection of Leaks: Evaluation in the United Irrigation District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanbo; Fipps, Guy

    . Procedures A main canal in United Irrigation District was one of several canals which was flown over with an air-borne thermal imager in Fall of 2001. The section of canal analyzed in this report consists of a 6.6 mile unlined (earth) segment and an 11... airborne multispectral remote sensing to determine leakage from rural aqueducts. Daedalus AADS 1268 Airborne Thematic Mapper (ATM) multispectral scanner remotely sensed data were obtained over the Vyrnwy Aqueduct, North West England. True color aerial...

  8. Use of GIS as a Real Time Decision Support System for Irrigation Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonaiti, G.; Fipps, G.

    laptop. Similarly, SCADA unit in PC2 polls the river pump RTU for equipment status (On/Off), flow rate, and cumulated flow. Water account information is stored and updated in the server using a Microsoft Windows Access database. The district manages..., which displays flow rates and resaca water levels. A: entire status map. B: detail showing the drop down menu to pumps weekly charts ............................. 15 Figure 9. Status map set for CCID2, which displays information for the automated...

  9. Case study: The development of a rule action to implement the federal emission guidelines for existing municipal solid waste landfills by the Ventura County Air Pollution Control District

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moralez, D.A. [Ventura Country Air Pollution Control District, CA (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper will highlight the key revisions to existing District Rule 74.17, Solid Waste Disposal Sites and the key requirements of new District Rule 74.17.1, Municipal Solid Waste Landfills to meet new federal requirements. The rule action is necessary to incorporate and implement the requirements of a New Source Performance Standard (NSPS) in Title 40 CFR, Part 60, Subpart Cc -- Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills. The Ventura County Air Pollution Control District (District) is one of only three other districts in California that had previously adopted a landfill gas control rule before the federal EG requirements were adopted by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in March of 1996. Also, because existing District Rule 74.17 requirements were adopted into the State Implementation Plan (SIP) by the EPA in 1994, several key requirements are carried forward into new District Rule 74.17.1 to prevent a relaxation of the requirements that existing MSW landfills already fulfill. The goal of the rule action was to develop revisions to existing District Rule 74.17 and develop requirements for new District Rule 74.17.1 that at a minimum would incorporate and implement the requirements specified by the EG without causing a relaxation of the existing rule requirements. Because existing District Rule 74.17 and the EG have different non-methane organic compound (NMOC) emission limits, staff gave considerable evaluation to this difference and concluded that, in general, the emission limits are equivalent. Also, based on all of the information reviewed, it is District staff`s opinion that the amount of NMOC emissions controlled from the requirements in new District Rule 74.17.1 are, in general, equivalent to the amount of NMOC emissions control from the requirements in existing Rule 74.17.

  10. Validating the Estimated Cost of Saving Water Through Infrastructure Rehabilitation in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley (Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacewell, R. D.; Rister, M.; Sturdivant, A. W.

    A Case Study Using Actual Construction Costs for the Lateral A Lining Project, Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan)...

  11. Trials and tribulations implementing the Clean Air Act Title V in fourteen air districts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, C. [Environmental Affairs Santa Fe Pacific Pipeline Partners, Orange, CA (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Santa Fe pacific Pipeline Partners, L.P. (SFPP) is a refined petroleum pipeline operating in six states in the western United States. Sixteen terminals are subject to the Title V permit to operate requirements. There are many obstacles to overcome, not only when preparing applications for Title V operating permits, but in the implementation phase of the project as well. Each Air District has its own set of rules and regulations that must be adhered to in preparing the application. For example, some districts required the insignificant sources to be documented and included in compliance plans and some do not. The format required for the application varies from stringent forms that must be completed to no forms at all. In preparing the Title V application for SFPP, the author quickly realized if this confusion was transferred to the implementation phase, compliance would be a failure. Therefore, early on the environmental manager instituted a training program. Beginning with a pilot program in one district the author began training managers and supervisors. This program quickly was expanded to include senior vice presidents and technicians. This training session was a one hour of general overview to visually describe how the Title V process would affect the facilities. As a result of this training, virtually every employee became familiar with how the Title V program was affecting the facilities. Engineering and Customer Service is instructed to notify the manager of any and every new project so it could undergo a review to determine if it affected a Title V facility. The field acts as a check of the system. Any change or modification at any facility is immediately under scrutiny for Title V implications. Another obstacle to overcome is to help the facility deal with something that is new and basically a different way of operating.

  12. SOME CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    is about 100 years. · The expected life of a new coal-fired power plant is 50 to 75 years. Actions taken costs. #12;Looking to the Future . . . #12;Prediction is difficult, especially about the future. ­ Niels

  13. Energy Conservation in Process Chilled Water Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambs, L. L.; DiBella, R. A.

    The energy consumption of the chiller and cooling tower in a process cooling application was analyzed using the TRNSYS computer code. The basic system included a constant speed centrifugal chiller and an induced-draft, counterflow cooling tower...

  14. Chilled Mirror Dew Point Hygrometer (CM) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ritsche, MT

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CM systems have been developed for the ARM Program to act as a moisture standard traceable to National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). There are three CM systems that are each fully portable, self-contained, and require only 110 V AC power. The systems include a CM sensor, air sampling and filtration system, a secondary reference (Rotronic HP043 temperature and relative humidity sensor) to detect system malfunctions, a data acquisition system, and data storage for more than one month of 1-minute data. The CM sensor directly measures dew point temperature at 1 m, air temperature at 2 m, and relative humidity at 2 m. These measurements are intended to represent self-standing data streams that can be used independently or in combinations.

  15. SOME CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    envelope All SRES envelope including land-ice uncertainty Model average all SRES envelope All IS92 CO2 Temperaturechange(°C) A1FI A1B A1T A2 B1 B2 IS92a Several models all SRES envelope Model ensemble all SRES envelope 2060 2080 2100 IPCC, 2001 Sea level rise includes only thermal expansion, not land-ice melt. #12;Weiss

  16. SOME CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    C. D. Keeling Year CO2concentration(ppm) 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 800 1000 1200 Polar ice cores 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 Forcing,Wm -2 #12;INCREASES IN CO2 OVER THE INDUSTRIAL - Etheridge et al. Siple - Friedli et al. Mauna Loa - Keeling #12;ATMOSPHERIC CO2 EMISSIONS Time series 1700

  17. Aquifer thermal energy (heat and chill) storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenne, E.A. (ed.)

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the 1992 Intersociety Conversion Engineering Conference, held in San Diego, California, August 3--7, 1992, the Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program coordinated five sessions dealing specifically with aquifer thermal energy storage technologies (ATES). Researchers from Sweden, The Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Canada, and the United States presented papers on a variety of ATES related topics. With special permission from the Society of Automotive Engineers, host society for the 1992 IECEC, these papers are being republished here as a standalone summary of ATES technology status. Individual papers are indexed separately.

  18. SOME CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    of Arizona #12;Weiss and Overpeck, University of Arizona #12;MELTING OF GREENLAND ICE CAP Satellite Complete melt of the Greenland ice sheet would raise the level of the global ocean 7 meters. #12 thousand years Polar ice cores #12;GREENHOUSE GAS FORCING AND CHANGE IN GLOBAL MEAN SURFACE TEMPERATURE

  19. Water Loss Test Results Main 'J' Canal Delta Lake Irrigation District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, E.; Fipps, G.

    Program and Discussion Table 2. Additional Test Result Information for the Main ?J? Canal Figure 3. Photo showing the GPS survey and a staff gage Figure 4. Small earthen dam upstream of the lateral head-gate Appendix Detailed Test Results... (Figure 1), the concrete lined section of the main supply canal that feeds the City of Raymondville, flows west to east in the northeastern sector of the district (see figure 2); located approximately four miles west of US Hwy 77 and a mile north of FM...

  20. Continuous Commissioning® and Energy Management Control Strategies at Alamo Community College District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, J.; Verdict, M.; Baltazar, J.C.

    district. Phase II began in September 2007 and in presently underway. ESL-HH-08-12-05 Proceedings of the Sixteenth Symposium on Improving Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates, Plano, TX, December 15-17, 2008 2 Summarized information... half are on control system ?B?, with the central plant being on one of the control systems. In situations like these it is very ESL-HH-08-12-05 Proceedings of the Sixteenth Symposium on Improving Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates, Plano, TX...

  1. N.A.T.I.V.E. District Kayenta Wind Project 3 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasoleTremor(Question) | OpenGAIslandN.A.T.I.V.E. District

  2. Solar For Schools: A Case Study in Identifying and Implementing Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Projects in Three California School Districts: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kandt, A.

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar America Showcase program seeks to accelerate demand for solar technologies among key end use market sectors. As part of this activity the DOE provides Technical Assistance through its national laboratories to large-scale, high-visibility solar installation projects. The Solar Schools Assessment and Implementation Project (SSAIP) in the San Francisco Bay area was selected for a 2009 DOE Solar American Showcase award. SSAIP was formed through the efforts of the nonprofit Sequoia Foundation and includes three school districts: Berkeley, West Contra Costa, and Oakland Unified School Districts. This paper summarizes the technical assistance efforts that resulted from this technical assistance support. It serves as a case study and reference document detailing the steps and processes that could be used to successfully identify, fund, and implement solar PV projects in school districts across the country.

  3. As part of its efforts to be ever more relevant to the needs of residents and communities of D.C., the University of the District of Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    .C., the University of the District of Columbia (UDC)* is offering training for participants interested in becoming of Agriculture, Urban Sustainability and Environmental Sciences (CAUSES) The University of the District of Columbia 4200 Connecticut Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008 8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Jan. 17 and 24 March 14

  4. Minralisations et Circulations pri-granitiques : Modlisation numrique couple 2D/3D, Applications au District minier de Tighza (Maroc-Central). (Eldursi, 2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Applications au District minier de Tighza (Maroc- Central). (Eldursi, 2009) Ã?COLE DOCTORALE SCIENCES ET minier de Tighza (Maroc- Central). Peri-granitic circulations and mineralization: 2D/3D Coupled Numerical, Applications au District minier de Tighza (Maroc- Central). (Eldursi, 2009) 1 tel-00423342,version1-9Oct2009

  5. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County (United) - Rehabilitation of Main Canal, Laterals, and Diversion Pump Station - Preliminary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.

    project involves: installing 4.66 miles of pipeline in the Main Canal and Lateral 7N, installing 13.46 miles of pipeline in several laterals and sub-laterals, and rehabilitating the District’s Rio Grande diversion pumping plant. Both nominal and real...

  6. Factors influencing the successful passage of a school bond referendum as identified by selected voters in the Navasota Independent School District in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faltys, David Jerome

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................................. 44 Demographic Data....................................................................... 45 Measures of Central Tendency.................................................... 46 Strategic Planning... Bond Referenda Strategic Planning In a review of rural schools districts in Kansas, Bohrer (1998) writes that one of the reasons for district success in passing bond referenda is the creation of a long- range strategic plan. He goes on to state...

  7. Long Term Stewardship Challenges at the St. Louis District FUSRAP Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dell'Orco, L.; Chambers, D.

    2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-Federally owned radioactively contaminated sites in St. Louis, Missouri are currently being remediated by the St. Louis District Corps of Engineers under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). When FUSRAP remediation is complete, inaccessible soils which have levels of contamination greater than unrestricted use standards, will remain. The purpose of this paper is to document the initial challenges facing the project team during its development of the Long Term Stewardship plan for the management of these soils. These soils are located under buildings, roads, railroads and bridges. The Long Term Stewardship plan for the majority of the sites is being developed simultaneously with the remedy selection process. A living document, it will ultimately document the remedial action end state and location of inaccessible soils and implement the plan for ensuring these soils are not a threat to human health and the environment. Although these soils are protective in their current configuration, at some point in time, when activities such as maintenance, utility or property improvement occur, the soils will become accessible and need to be addressed by the federal government. Up until that point in time they will need to be effectively managed to ensure they remain protective. The St. Louis District is in the process of collaboratively developing this plan with its regulators, affected stakeholders and interested parties.

  8. Omaha District

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in ManyDepartment ofOil's Impact on Our National Security Oil's1

  9. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Trends in Energy Consumption...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    use of the four major sources and other energy sources (e.g., district chilled water, solar, wood). Energy consumed in commercial buildings is a significant fraction of that...

  10. Ponding Test Results Seepage and Total Losses, Secondary Canals 13, 16, and 29 Donna Irrigation District Hidalgo County No. 1 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, E.; Fipps, G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TR-323 2008 Ponding Test Results Seepage and Total Losses, Secondary Canals 13, 16, and 29 Donna Irrigation District Hidalgo County No. 1 Eric Leigh Texas AgriLife Extension Associate, Biological... and Agricultural Engineering, College Station Guy Fipps Texas AgriLife Extension Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, College Station March 30, 2004 PONDING TEST RESULTS SEEPAGE...

  11. Water availability at farm household level a case study in the Nyando district in South-Western Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water availability at farm household level ­ a case study in the Nyando district in South of Crop Production Ecology Uppsala 2011 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences #12;2 Water: Women collecting water in a well, Onjiko, Kenya. Photo: Erika Näslund Keywords: Water availability

  12. Ponding Test Results Seepage and Total Losses, North Alamo Main Canal Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, E.; Fipps, G.

    TR-324 2008 Ponding Test Results Seepage and Total Losses, North Alamo Main Canal Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 Eric Leigh Texas AgriLife Extension Associate, Biological and Agricultural... Engineering, College Station Guy Fipps Texas AgriLife Extension Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, College Station February 4, 2004 PONDING TEST RESULTS SEEPAGE AND TOTAL...

  13. Ponding Test Results Seepage and Total Losses, Secondary Canals 13, 16, and 29 Donna Irrigation District Hidalgo County No. 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, E.; Fipps, G.

    TR-323 2008 Ponding Test Results Seepage and Total Losses, Secondary Canals 13, 16, and 29 Donna Irrigation District Hidalgo County No. 1 Eric Leigh Texas AgriLife Extension Associate, Biological... and Agricultural Engineering, College Station Guy Fipps Texas AgriLife Extension Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering, College Station March 30, 2004 PONDING TEST RESULTS SEEPAGE...

  14. assumed, with no inter-district transport.) If the conventional technology coal-fired power plant is used

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    assumed, with no inter-district transport.) If the conventional technology coal-fired power plant-fired power plant is used for comparison, then lower SO2, NOx or particulate emissions can be expected in 9. A final option considered was to retrofit emission controls for captive power plants at an additional cost

  15. Exploration for geothermal resources in the Capital District of New York. Volume 1. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water chemistry, gas analyses, and geophysical methods including gravity and magnetic surveys, microseismic monitoring, and temperature gradient measurements were used in the Capital District area to evaluate the potential for a hydrothermal geothermal system. Water and gas chemistries provided indirect indicators, and temperature gradients provided direct indications of a geothermal system. Gravity results were supportive of gradient and chemistry data, but seismic and magnetic work have thus far provided little information on the potential system. Gradients throughout the area ranged from an average background value of about 10/sup 0/C/km to a high of roughly 44/sup 0/C/km. The highest gradient values, the most unusual water chemistries and largest carbon dioxide exhalations occur along the Saratoga and McGregor faults between Saratoga Springs and Schenectady, and indicate a good potential for a usable hydrothermal geothermal system at depth.

  16. Exploration and drilling for geothermal heat in the Capital District, New York. Volume 4. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Capital District area of New York was explored to determine the nature of a hydrothermal geothermal system. The chemistry of subsurface water and gas, the variation in gravity, magnetism, seismicity, and temperature gradients were determined. Water and gas analyses and temperature gradient measurements indicate the existence of a geothermal system located under an area from Ballston Spa, southward to Altamont, and eastward toward Albany. Gravimetric and magnetic surveys provided little useful data but microseismic activity in the Altamont area may be significant. Eight wells about 400 feet deep, one 600 feet and one 2232 feet were drilled and tested for geothermal potential. The highest temperature gradients, most unusual water chemistries, and greatest carbon dioxide exhalations were observed in the vicinity of the Saratoga and McGregor faults between Saratoga Springs and Schenectady, New York, suggesting some fault control over the geothermal system. Depths to the warm fluids within the system range from 500 meters (Ballston Spa) to 2 kilometers (Albany).

  17. Exploration and drilling for geothermal heat in the Capital District, New York. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Capital District area of New York was explored to determine the nature of a hydrothermal geothermal system. The chemistry of subsurface water and gas, the variation in gravity, magnetism, seismicity, and temperature gradients were determined. Water and gas analyses and temperature gradient measurements indicate the existence of a geothermal system located under an area from Ballston Spa, southward to Altamont, and eastware toward Albany. Gravimetric and magnetic surveys provided little useful data but microseismic activity in the Altamont area may be significant. Eight wells about 400 feet deep, one 600 feet and one 2232 feet were drilled and tested for geothermal potential. The highest temperature gradients, most unusual water chemistries, and greatest carbon dioxide exhalations were observed in the vicinity of the Saratoga and McGregor faults between Saratoga Springs and Schenectady, New York, suggesting some fault control over the geothermal system. Depths to the warm fluids within the system range from 500 meters (Ballston Spa) to 2 kilometers (Albany).

  18. Extension and improvement of Central Station District heating budget period 1 and 2, Krakow Clean Fossil Fuels and Energy Efficiency Program. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Project aim was to reduce pollution levels in the City of Krakow through the retirement of coal-fired (hand and mechanically-stoked) boiler houses. This was achieved by identifying attractive candidates and connecting them to the Krakow district heating system, thus permitting them to eliminate boiler operations. Because coal is less costly than district hot water, the district heating company Miejskie Przedsiebiorstwo Energetyki Cieplnej S.A., henceforth identified as MPEC, needed to provide potential customers with incentives for purchasing district heat. These incentives consisted of offerings which MPEC made to the prospective client. The offerings presented the economic and environmental benefits to district heating tie-in and also could include conservation studies of the facilities, so that consumption of energy could be reduced and the cost impact on operations mitigated. Because some of the targeted boiler houses were large, the capacity of the district heating network required enhancement at strategic locations. Consequently, project construction work included both enhancement to the district piping network as well as facility tie-ins. The process of securing new customers necessitated the strengthening of MPEC`s competitive position in Krakow`s energy marketplace, which in turn required improvements in marketing, customer service, strategic planning, and project management. Learning how US utilities address these challenges became an integral segment of the project`s scope.

  19. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1 (Eagle Pass) – Lining Main Canal – Final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

    of Quemado and El Indio. Recent agricultural water use during calendar years 1994-1998 for the District has ranged from 42,677 ac-ft to 105,893 ac-ft, with the five-year average at 71,657 ac-ft.3 Since the District’s agricultural water diversions during... are estimated, using amortization procedures, to be 8,084 ac-ft of water per year and 2,041,095,338 BTUs (598,211 kwh) of energy per year. The calculated economic and financial cost of water savings is estimated to be $33.37 per ac-ft. The calculated economic...

  20. Lab Research Yields the Biggest Chill Lab Research Yields the Biggest Chill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TERRA DAILY SATURN DAILY SOLAR DAILY ABOUT US ADVERTISING FREE NEWSLETTER Subscribe Unsub SEARCH SPACEDAILY SPACEDAILY EXPRESS q June 16, 2005 q Energia Charts Corporate Strategy q t/Space Drops A Dummy

  1. Factors influencing the successful passage of a school bond referendum as identified by selected voters in the Navasota Independent School District in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faltys, David Jerome

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing the successful passage of a school bond referendum as identified by selected voters in the Navasota Independent School District in Texas. The secondary ...

  2. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan) - Rehabilitation of Alamo Main Canal - Final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.

    Initial construction costs and net annual changes in operating and maintenance expenses are identified for a two-component capital renovation project proposed by Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2, to the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR...

  3. User satisfaction of the community education program as perceived by stakeholders in the north east independent school district in san antonio, texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tharp, Twain Owens

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of this study was to determine user satisfaction of the community education program as perceived by stakeholders in North East Independent School District. A secondary purpose of this study was to examine the impact of community...

  4. Role of contact farmers as a source of information in the adoption of selected cotton practices among small-scale farmers in two districts of Paraguay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diarte Meza, Nelson Antonio

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research was to examine the extent and the manner in which contact farmers in the Training and Visit System of agricultural extension in two districts of eastern Paraguay influenced the dissemination ...

  5. Boundaries and guidelines for treatment as factors in the success of historic districts: comparative case studies in Galveston, Houston, and Bangkok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Udomwech, Sagara

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . 65 1 INTRODUCTION This thesis examines the importance of two tools used in the rehabilitation of historic districts. A district, as defined by the United States Department of the Interior, is "a geographically definable area ? urban or rural..., large or small ? possessing a significant concentration, linkage, or continuity of sites, buildings structures, and/or objects united by past events or aesthetically by plan or physical development. " Rehabilitation is one of the four preservation...

  6. Dealing with big circulation flow, small temperature difference based on verified dynamic model simulations of a hot water district heating system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, L.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DEALING WITH “BIG CIRCULATION FLOW RATE, SMALL TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE” BASED ON VERIFIED DYNAMIC MODEL SIMULATIONS OF A HOT WATER DISTRICT HEATING SYSTEM Li Lian Zhong, Senior Sales Consultant, Danfoss Automatic Controls Management (Shanghai...) Co.,Ltd, Anshan, China ABSTRACT Dynamic models of an indirect hot water district heating system were developed based on the first principle of thermodynamics. The ideal model was verified by using measured operational data. The ideal...

  7. Open cycle heat pump development: Phase II, District heating case study analysis: Progress report, October 1988--December 31, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiBella, F.; Becker, F.E.; Glick, J.

    1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A district heating system is proposed that uses low-level waste-energy sources, and a quasi open-cycle steam heat pump as a means of upgrading the energy in the form of hot water to use as a transport medium in the system. The use of a water-based, open-cycle heat pump appears to be extremely well suited in terms of its potential thermodynamic performance, cost, and environmental safety compared to more typical organic gased closed cycle systems. The Phase II case study provides a detailed analysis of a district heating system that utilizes the open cycle steam heat pump concept developed in Phase I. This quarterly report describes the energy audit performed on the heat source and heat sink.

  8. Alaska Regional Energy Resources Planning Project. Phase 2: coal, hydroelectric and energy alternatives. Volume I. Beluga Coal District Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rutledge, G.; Lane, D.; Edblom, G.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume deals with the problems and procedures inherent in the development of the Beluga Coal District. Socio-economic implications of the development and management alternatives are discussed. A review of permits and approvals necessary for the initial development of Beluga Coal Field is presented. Major land tenure issues in the Beluga Coal District as well as existing transportation routes and proposed routes and sites are discussed. The various coal technologies which might be employed at Beluga are described. Transportation options and associated costs of transporting coal from the mine site area to a connecting point with a major, longer distance transportation made and of transporting coal both within and outside (exportation) the state are discussed. Some environmental issues involved in the development of the Beluga Coal Field are presented. (DMC)

  9. Detection and location of leaks in district heating steam systems: Survey and review of current technology and practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kupperman, D.S.; Raptis, A.C.; Lanham, R.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a survey undertaken to identify and characterize current practices for detecting and locating leaks in district heating systems, particular steam systems. Currently used technology and practices are reviewed. In addition, the survey was used to gather information that may be important for the application of acoustic leak detection. A few examples of attempts to locate leaks in steam and hot water pipes by correlation of acoustic signals generated by the leaks are also discussed.

  10. Establishing the SECME model in the District of Columbia. Quarterly report, 1 January 1994--31 March 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vikers, R.G.

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During this quarter, many program activities were held to help SECME teachers and counselors implement, improve and strengthen SECME school programs in the District of Columbia. Teachers were actively engaged in enhanced instructional techniques, ideas, processes and resources to help them enrich their students` learning experience. Students are busily participating in hands-on instructional activities and preparing for the SECME competition where they are learning to excel in a competitive environment designed to help them make the most of their school experience.

  11. Methodological Issues In Forestry Mitigation Projects: A CaseStudy Of Kolar District

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ravindranath, N.H.; Murthy, I.K.; Sudha, P.; Ramprasad, V.; Nagendra, M.D.V.; Sahana, C.A.; Srivathsa, K.G.; Khan, H.

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a need to assess climate change mitigationopportunities in forest sector in India in the context of methodologicalissues such as additionality, permanence, leakage, measurement andbaseline development in formulating forestry mitigation projects. A casestudy of forestry mitigation project in semi-arid community grazing landsand farmlands in Kolar district of Karnataka, was undertaken with regardto baseline and project scenariodevelopment, estimation of carbon stockchange in the project, leakage estimation and assessment ofcost-effectiveness of mitigation projects. Further, the transaction coststo develop project, and environmental and socio-economic impact ofmitigation project was assessed.The study shows the feasibility ofestablishing baselines and project C-stock changes. Since the area haslow or insignificant biomass, leakage is not an issue. The overallmitigation potential in Kolar for a total area of 14,000 ha under variousmitigation options is 278,380 tC at a rate of 20 tC/ha for the period2005-2035, which is approximately 0.67 tC/ha/yr inclusive of harvestregimes under short rotation and long rotation mitigation options. Thetransaction cost for baseline establishment is less than a rupee/tC andfor project scenario development is about Rs. 1.5-3.75/tC. The projectenhances biodiversity and the socio-economic impact is alsosignificant.

  12. Preliminary survey report: control technology for brake lining at Northwest Local School District, Cincinnati, Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, T.C.; McGlothlin, J.D.; Godbey, F.W.; Sheehy, J.W.; O'Brien, D.M.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A walk-through survey of control technology for reducing asbestos exposure during maintenance and repair of vehicular brakes was conducted at Northwest Local School District, Cincinnati, Ohio in January, 1986. The primary method for controlling and collecting dust during brake servicing was a wet-washing technique and good work practices, ensuring that exposure to hazardous physical or chemical agents was reduced or eliminated. Also available was an enclosed-type brake assembly cleaner designed to be connected to the shop air and a vacuum system. The brake assembly cleaner did not have a viewing port to examine the area being cleaned. The operator had to remove the unit to inspect the cleaned area potentially exposing himself to any dust remaining on the brake shoes or hub. The unit itself was a potential dust source as it was designed to fit 16-inch wheels and did not form a tight seal on the smaller 15-inch wheels of the newer buses. The authors conclude that the wet wash technique is an excellent method for controlling asbestos emissions during brake maintenance. The vacuum brake-assembly cleaner is inadequate and potentially hazardous. An in-depth survey of the wet technique is recommended.

  13. Land disposal of San Luis drain sediments, Panoche Water District, South Dos Palos, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zawislanski, Peter; Benson, Sally; TerBerg, Robert; Borglin, Sharon

    2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), LFR Levine-Fricke (LFR), the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) and the Panoche Water District, have completed a pilot-scale test of the viability of land application of selenium- (Se-) enriched San Luis Drain (SLD) sediments. The project was initiated in October 1998 by LBNL. LFR assumed the role of primary subcontractor on the project in July 2001. Substantial portions of this report, describing work performed prior to November 2000, were previously prepared by LBNL personnel. The data set, findings, and recommendations are herein updated with information collected since November 2000. Local land disposal is an attractive option due to its low cost and the proximity of large areas of available land. Two modes of disposal are being tested: (1) the application to a nearby SLD embankment, and (2) the application to and incorporation with nearby farm soils. The study of these options considers the key problems that may potentially arise from this approach. These include disturbance of SLD sediments during dredging, resulting in increased downstream Se concentrations; movement of the land-applied Se to groundwater; reduced productivity of farm crops; and Se uptake by wild and crop plants. This report describes field and laboratory activities carried out from 1998 through February 2002, and results of these investigations.

  14. Development Of An Agroforestry Sequestration Project In KhammamDistrict Of India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sudha, P.; Ramprasad, V.; Nagendra, M.D.V.; Kulkarni, H.D.; Ravindranath, N.H.

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large potential for agroforestry as a mitigation option hasgiven rise to scientific and policy questions. This paper addressesmethodological issues in estimating carbon sequestration potential,baseline determination, additionality and leakage in Khammam district,Andhra Pradesh, southern part of India. Technical potential forafforestation was determined considering the various landuse options. Forestimating the technical potential, culturable wastelands, fallow andmarginal croplands were considered for Eucalyptus clonal plantations.Field studies for aboveground and below ground biomass, woody litter andsoil organic carbon for baseline and project scenario were conducted toestimate the carbon sequestration potential. The baseline carbon stockwas estimated to be 45.33 tC/ha. The additional carbon sequestrationpotential under the project scenario for 30 years is estimated to be12.82 tC/ha/year inclusive of harvest regimes and carbon emissions due tobiomass burning and fertilizer application. The project scenario thoughhas a higher benefit cost ratio compared to baseline scenario, initialinvestment cost is high. Investment barrier exists for adoptingagroforestry in thedistrict.

  15. Real-Time Water Quality Management in the Grassland Water District

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, Nigel W.T.; Hanna, W. Mark; Hanlon, Jeremy S.; Burns, Josphine R.; Taylor, Christophe M.; Marciochi, Don; Lower, Scott; Woodruff, Veronica; Wright, Diane; Poole, Tim

    2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the research project was to advance the concept of real-time water quality management in the San Joaquin Basin by developing an application to drainage of seasonal wetlands in the Grassland Water District. Real-time water quality management is defined as the coordination of reservoir releases, return flows and river diversions to improve water quality conditions in the San Joaquin River and ensure compliance with State water quality objectives. Real-time water quality management is achieved through information exchange and cooperation between shakeholders who contribute or withdraw flow and salt load to or from the San Joaquin River. This project complements a larger scale project that was undertaken by members of the Water Quality Subcommittee of the San Joaquin River Management Program (SJRMP) and which produced forecasts of flow, salt load and San Joaquin River assimilative capacity between 1999 and 2003. These forecasts can help those entities exporting salt load to the River to develop salt load targets as a mechanism for improving compliance with salinity objectives. The mass balance model developed by this project is the decision support tool that helps to establish these salt load targets. A second important outcome of this project was the development and application of a methodology for assessing potential impacts of real-time wetland salinity management. Drawdown schedules are typically tied to weather conditions and are optimized in traditional practices to maximize food sources for over-wintering wildfowl as well as providing a biological control (through germination temperature) of undesirable weeds that compete with the more proteinaceous moist soil plants such as swamp timothy, watergrass and smartweed. This methodology combines high resolution remote sensing, ground-truthing vegetation surveys using established survey protocols and soil salinity mapping using rapid, automated electromagnetic sensor technology. This survey methodology could be complemented with biological surveys of bird use and invertebrates to produce a robust long-term monitoring strategy for habitat health and sustainability.

  16. Background report for the formerly utilized Manhattan Engineer District/Atomic Energy Commission sites program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy is conducting a program to determine radiological conditions at sites formerly used by the Army Corps of Engineers' Manhattan Engineer District and the Atomic Energy Commission in the early years of nuclear energy development. Also included in the program are sites used in the Los Alamos plutonium development program and the Trinity atomic bomb test site. Materials, equipment, buildings, and land became contaminated, primarily with naturally occurring radioactive nuclides. They were later decontaminated in accordance with the standards and survey methods in use at that time. Since then, however, radiological criteria, and proposed guidelines for release of such sites for unrestricted use have become more stringent as research on the effects of low-level radiation has progressed. In addition, records documenting some of these decontamination efforts cannot be found, and the final radiological conditions of the sites could not be adequately determined from the records. As a result, the Formerly Utilized Sites Program was initiated in 1974 to identify these formerly used sites and to reevaluate their radiological status. This report covers efforts through June 1980 to determine the radiological status of sites for which the existing conditions could not be clearly defined. Principal contractor facilities and associated properties have already been identified and activities are continuing to identify additional sites. Any new sites located will probably be subcontractor facilities and areas used for disposal of contractor waste or equipment; however, only limited information regarding this equipment and material has been collected to date. As additional information becomes available, supplemental reports will be published.

  17. Preliminary business plan: District Heating Company for the city of Handlova, Slovakia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The city of Handlova, Slovakia, needs to replace its district heating system, which is old, unreliable, and expensive to maintain. The current plant is owned by a state-run utility, the Slovensky Energeticky Podnik (SEP). The plan is to privatize the heating plant, acquire capital to rehabilitate the central plant (converting it to a cogeneration facility), install a new hot-water distribution system, and implement an extensive energy efficiency effort in the residential buildings on the system. System capacity is 100 MWt, with annual heat sales estimated to be 450,000 gigajoules per year (GJ/yr). The capital necessary for system improvements is estimated to be 465 million Slovakian Krowns (SK) (in 1997 price levels). The total market value of existing fixed assets that will survive the rehabilitation effort as part of the new systems is estimated at 342 million SK. There has been substantial analysis and preparation for this activity, which is documented in demand-side and supply-side technical and economic analyses, an integrated demand/supply report, and this preliminary business plan. The preparation includes investigation of ownership, management, and technology alternatives; estimation of the market value of existing assets and investment requirements; and forecasting of future cash flows. These preliminary projections indicate that the cost of heating from the new system will be reasonable from both a cost per unit of energy basis (SK/GJ) and, form the perspective of an apartment dweller in Handlova, on a total cost per year basis. Delivering heat at the projected cost will, however, require a substantial change in the way that the heating plant is run, with proportionally very large reductions in labor, operations and maintenance, and overhead charges. In addition, there will need to be significant revenues from the sale of electricity to the national grid.

  18. Environmental resources of selected areas of Hawaii: Groundwater in the Puna District of the Island of Hawaii

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staub, W.P.; Reed, R.M.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report has been prepared to make available and archive the background scientific data and related information collected on groundwater during the preparation of the environmental impact statement (EIS) for Phases 3 and 4 of the Hawaii Geothermal Project (HGP) as defined by the state of Hawaii in its April 1989 proposal to Congress. The US Department of Energy (DOE) published a notice in the withdrawing its notice of intent of February 14, 1992, to prepare the HGP EIS. Since the state of Hawaii is no longer pursuing or planning to pursue the HGP, DOE considers the project to be terminated. The background scientific data and related information presented in this report were collected for the geothermal resource subzones in the Puna District on the island of Hawaii. The scientific background data and related information is being made available for use by others in conducting future scientific research in these areas. This report describes the environmental resources present in the areas studied and does not represent an assessment of environmental impacts. This paper summarizes the current state of knowledge with respect to groundwater in the Puna District of the island of Hawaii. Groundwater quality in and adjacent to Kilauea`s east rift zone (KERZ), is compared with that of meteoric water, seawater, and geothermal fluid. Two segments of KERZ lie within the Puna District. These segments are the middle east rift zone (KERZ) and lower east rift zone (LERZ). The degree of mixing between meteoric water, seawater, and geothermal water in and adjacent to the also is discussed.

  19. Study on Performance Verification and Evaluation of District Heating and Cooling System Using Thermal Energy of River Water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahashi,N.; Niwa, H.; Kawano,M.; Koike,K.; Koga,O.; Ichitani, K.; Mishima,N.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 1The heating and cooling system used in Osaka’s Nakanoshima district uses heat pumps and river water to achieve the efficient use of the heat source and mitigate the heat... source -Utilize waste heat discharged from substation, and supply in large difference of temperature Water intake Heat exchangers Water discharge Turbo chiller Screw heat pump pumps ESL-IC-14-09-19 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference...

  20. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Project: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan) - Relining Lateral A – Preliminary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

    the efficiency of pumping plants. The economic water and energy savings analyses provide estimates of the economic costs per acre-foot of water savings and per BTU (kwh) of energy savings associated with one to five proposed capital improvement activity... at the time and is subject to an array of resource limitations. At times, District management’s best educated estimates (or that of the consulting engineer) are used to base cost and/or savings’ values well into the future. Obviously, this is imperfect...

  1. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Brownsville Irrigation District – 72" and 48" Pipeline Replacing Main Canal – Final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

    analyses provide estimates of the economic costs per acre-foot of water savings and per BTU (kwh) of energy savings associated with one to five proposed capital improvement activity(ies) (each referred to as a component). An aggregate assessment is also.... At times, District management’s best educated estimates (or that of the consulting engineer) are used to base cost and/or savings’ values well into the future. Obviously, this is imperfect, but given resource limitations, it is believed ample inquiry...

  2. Feasibility Study for the Ivano-Frankivsk District Heating Repowering: Analysis of Options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markel, L.; Popelka, A.; Laskarevsky, V.

    2002-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Part of the U.S. Initiative on Joint Implementation with the Ukraine Inter-Ministerial Commission on Climate Change, financed by the US Department of Energy. The project was implemented by a team consisting of the US company SenTech, Inc. and the Ukrainian company Esco-West. The main objective of the effort was to assess available alternatives of Ivano-Frankivsk (I-F) District Heating repowering and provide information for I-F's investment decision process. This study provides information on positive and negative technical and economic aspects of available options. Three options were analyzed for technical merit and economic performance: 1. Installation of cogeneration system based on Gas Turbine (GT) and Heat Recovery Heat Exchanger with thermal capacity of 30 MW and electrical capacity of 13.5 MW. This Option assumes utilization of five existing boilers with total capacity of 221 MW. Existing boilers will be equipped with modern controls. Equipment in this Option was sized for longest operating hours, about 8000 based on the available summer baseload. 2. Installation of Gas Turbine Combined Cycle (GTCC) and Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) with thermal capacity 45 MW and electrical capacity of 58.7 MW. This Option assumes utilization of five existing boilers with total capacity of 221 MW. Existing boilers will be equipped with modern controls. The equipment was sized for medium, shoulder season thermal load, and some cooling was assumed during the summer operation for extension of operating hours for electricity production. 3. Retrofit of six existing boilers (NGB) with total thermal capacity of 255.9 MW by installation of modern control system and minor upgrades. This option assumes only heat production with minimum investment. The best economic performance and the largest investment cost would result from alternative GTCC. This alternative has positive Net Present Value (NPV) with discount rate lower than about 12%, and has IRR slightly above 12%. The lowest economic results, and the lowest required investment, would result from alternative NGB. This Option's NPV is negative even at 0% discount rate, and would not become positive even by improving some parameters within a reasonable range. The Option with Gas Turbine displays relatively modest results and the NPV is positive for low discount rate, higher price of sold electricity and lower cost of natural gas. The IRR of this alternative is 9.75%, which is not very attractive. The largest influences on the investment are from the cost of electricity sold to the grid, the heat tariff, and the cost of natural gas. Assuming the implementation of the GTCC alternative, the benefit of the project is also reflected in lower Green House Emissions.

  3. Efficiency and supply resource options for the upgrade of the Plzen district heating system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We examined options for meeting the district heating system steam and hot water heating loads associated with the Plzefi Central Heating Plant, two interconnected boilers serving the Kosutka and Bory regions, and the distributed systems in the Letna/Doubravka and Svetovar regions. The assessment applied integrated resource planning to combine the separate supply and demand-side assessments conducted for the system. Four system load scenarios were examined-high and low growth with and without programmatic efficiency. Hot water loads ranged from the current level of 277 megawatts thermal (MW{sub t}) to 320 MW{sub t} in a high growth scenario without efficiency to 253 MW{sub t} in a low growth scenario with programmatic efficiency. The high growth scenario includes an addition of approximately 50 MW{sub t} load from the connection of distributed boilers. An additional 250 MW{sub t} load served by distributed boilers may provide additional potential for system expansion. Steam loads are projected to increase from 93 MW{sub t} to 100 MW{sub t} in the high growth scenario and. decrease to 89 MW{sub t}, in the low growth scenario. Two system expansion cases were considered. The moderate system expansion provided for the Heat Line East I connection to serve the Letna/Doubravka region and the fall system expansion case further provided for the Heat Line East II connection to serve the Svetovar region. In the moderate case, the life of the Svetovar plant is extended to continue as a stand-alone system. Four central plant supply configurations providing for additional cogeneration capacity were applied to the load scenarios: 1. Life extension to existing facilities with a new coal-fired cogeneration unit in 2003, 2. Retirement of some existing units and a new coal-fired cogeneration unit in 1997, 3. Retirement of some existing units and a new gas- fired cogeneration unit in 1997, 4. Gas: Retirement of some exiting units a new gas-fired cogeneration unit in 1997.

  4. James River Soil & Water Conservation District Youth Opportunities by John Bilzor and John Allen Attention local High School students! For currently enrolled Seniors (home schooled students included), the James River

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    James River Soil & Water Conservation District Youth Opportunities by John Bilzor and John Allen of 2015 and majoring in conservation, environmental science, or agriculture. To apply for our college, the Virginia Association of Soil and Water Conservation Districts has sponsored a week-long summer conservation

  5. Main Canal, Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District above Central Power and Light hydro-electric plant, at Maverick and Kinney Counties, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledbetter, John J

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BAIN CANAL NA~ICK COUNTY WATW CONTROL AND INPROllZXBZ DISTRICT ABOVE C~ POWER AND LION HYDRO ELECTRIC PLANT& AT, SIAVERICK AND KINNEY COUNT'S, T~~S By John J. Ledbetter, Jr. Approved as to style and content by: (Che man Committee Heed of pa... ment or Student Advisor May l952 MAIN CANAL RIA~ICK C01E1TY EATER CONTROL AND INPROVZGiWZ DISTRICT ABOVE G~ F01' AND LIGHT HYDRO-ELECTRIC PLANT, AT MAVERICK AND KINNEY GGKJZIES ~ TEXAS By John J. Ledbetter, Jr, A Thesis Submitted...

  6. Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    commercial-package air-conditioning and heating equipment, packaged terminal air condi- tioners and heat pumps, warm-air furnaces, packaged boilers, storage water heaters,

  7. St. Paul -West Bank District Heating-to-Cooling Conversion Plan Check the date your building's cooling system is scheduled to be on.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Peter

    's cooling system is scheduled to be on. Status Color Code: On In Progress Not started Building Name BuildingSt. Paul - West Bank District Heating-to-Cooling Conversion Plan Check the date your building # Date Central Cooling On Status Date Window A/C Units installed Status 19th ave ramp 217 N/A N/A N/A 21

  8. Health Sciences District Heating-to-Cooling Conversion Plan Check the date your building's cooling system is scheduled to be on.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Peter

    system is scheduled to be on. Status Color Code: On In Progress Not started *** - Typically between May 1Health Sciences District Heating-to-Cooling Conversion Plan Check the date your building's cooling-15, as requested. Building Name Building # Date Central Cooling On Status Date Window A/C Units installed Status

  9. East Bank District Heating-to-Cooling Conversion Plan Check the date your building's cooling system is scheduled to be on.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Peter

    East Bank District Heating-to-Cooling Conversion Plan Check the date your building's cooling system is scheduled to be on. Status Color Code: On In Progress Not started Building Name Building # Date Central Cooling On Status Date Window A/C Units installed Status 1425 University Ave. 127 1901 University Ave SE

  10. District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network. Phase 2. Final report, March 1, 1980-January 31, 1984. Volume IV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume contains the following: discussion of cost estimating methodology, detailed cost estimates of Hudson No. 2 retrofit, intermediate thermal plant (Kearny No. 12) and local heater plants; transmission and distribution cost estimate; landfill gas cost estimate; staged development scenarios; economic evaluation; fuel use impact; air quality impact; and alternatives to district heating.

  11. Removal of Eutrophic Nutrients from Wastewater and their UNIVERSITY OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Bioconversion to Bacterial Single Cell Protein for Animal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    Removal of Eutrophic Nutrients from Wastewater and their UNIVERSITY OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA OF EUTROPHIC NUTRIENTS FROM WASTEWATER AND THEIR BIOCONVERSION TO BACTERIAL SINGLE CELL PROTEIN FOR ANIMAL FEED plants. The two major eutrophic nutrients present in effluents from municipal treatment plants

  12. Ponding Test Results Seepage Losses Laterals 8E and 2A-C, Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, Eric; Fipps, Guy

    TR-336 2008 Ponding Test Results Seepage Losses Laterals 8E and 2A-C Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1 By: Eric Leigh, Extension Associate, Biological and Agricultural... Engineering Guy Fipps, Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Texas Water Resources Institute Technical Report November 2008 PONDING TEST RESULTS SEEPAGE LOSSES LATERALS 8E AND 2A...

  13. A comparison of management and leadership skills critical to the principalship as perceived by superintendents in selected independent school districts in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Katherine Alia

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    by gender and size of district. An e-mail was sent to each superintendent with a web address and an access code. A response rate of 66% was obtained for a sample size of 290 superintendents. The survey contained items on management and leadership skills from...

  14. Combining MSS and AVHRR imagery to assess vegetation biomass and dynamics in an arid pastoral ecosystem, Turkana District, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, J.E.; Swift, D.M.; Hart, T.C.; Dick, O.B.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Landsat multi-spectral scanner (MSS) imagery was used to develop a vegetation type-biomass map of the 84,000 Km/sup 2/ Turkana District, Kenya. NOAA satellite advanced very high resolution radiometry (AVHRR) imagery was overlaid on the MSS map to trace the seasonal and annual dynamics of vegetation communities used by Turkana pastoral nomads, 1981-1984. Four regions (sub-sectional territories) were compared with respect to peak herbaceous biomass, woody canopy cover, and seasonal fluxes in total green biomass. Results demonstrated major variations among regions and between wet and dry season ranges within regions. Pastoral land use patterns appear to minimize effects of seasonal vegetation fluxes on livestock herds.

  15. Costs of Saving Water in South Texas with Irrigation District Infrastructure Rehabilitation - Using Capital Budgeting with RGIDECON© 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, E.; Lacewell, R.; Sturdivant, A.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    infrastructure system. This system consists of approximately 24 Rio Grande diversion pumping stations, 800 miles of main canals, 700 miles of laterals, 1,700 miles of pipelines, and several in-district reservoirs. Recognizing the seriousness of the water...,301 12,561 20 895 $22.58 3 Pipeline $1,397,786 $936,099 48,869 49 2,275 $26.56 4 Farm Delivery-Site Meters $649,816 $1,042,775 48,030 10 5,483 $24.27 Aggregate $3,153,394 $3,772,371 131,076 10,508 $46.99 EDINBURG 5 Curry Main - pipeline $895,424 $425...

  16. Association of coal metamorphism and hydrothermal mineralization in Rough Creek fault zone and Fluorspar District, Western Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hower, J.C.; Fiene, F.L.; Trinkle, E.J.

    1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ambient coal rank (metamorphism) of the Carboniferous coals in the Western Kentucky coalfield ranges from high volatile A bituminous (vitrinite maximum reflectance up to 0.75% R/sub max/) in the Webster syncline (Webster and southern Union Counties) to high volatile C bituminous (0.45 to 0.60% R/sub max/) over most of the remainder of the area. Anomalous patterns of metamorphism, however, have been noted in coals recovered from cores and mines in fault blocks of the Rough Creek fault zone and Fluorspar District. Coals in Gil-30 borehole (Rough Creek faults, Bordley Quadrangle, Union County) vary with no regard for vertical position, from high volatile C(0.55% R/sub max/) to high volatile A (0.89%R/sub max) bituminous. Examination of the upper Sturgis Formation (Missourian/Virgilian) coals revealed that the higher rank (generally above 0.75% R/sub max/) coals had vein mineral assemblages of sphalerite, twinned calcite, and ferroan dolomite. Lower rank coals had only untwinned calcite. Several sites in Webster County contain various coals (Well (No. 8) to Coiltwon (No. 14)) with vitrinite reflectances up to 0.83% R/sub max/ and associated sphalerite mineralization. Mississippian and Lower Pennsylvanian (Caseyville Formation Gentry coal) coals in the mineralized Fluorspar District have ranks to nearly medium volatile bituminous (1.03% R/sub max/). The regional rank trend exhibited by the fualt zones is generally higher rank than the surrounding areas. Sphalerite mineralization in itself is not unique within Illinois basin coals, but if it was partly responsible for the metamorphism of these coals, then the fluid temperature must have been higher within the above mentioned fault complexes.

  17. Environmental improvements resulting from the use of renewable energy sources and nonpolluting fuels and technologies with district heating and cooling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kainlauri, E.O. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of district heating and cooling (DHC) for a group of buildings or on a city-wide basis does by itself usually improve the local environmental conditions, regardless of the type of fuel used, as the DHC system replaces a larger number of individual units and is able to utilize anti-pollution and emission-cleaning devices at a central location. The DHC system may also be able to use several alternative choices for fuel, including renewable energy sources, depending on both economic and environmentally required conditions. The DHC systems are also safe and clean for the users, eliminating the need for fuel-burning equipment in their buildings. Solar energy is being utilized to a small degree in district heating systems, sometimes with the assistance of energy storage facilities, to reduce the amount of fuel needed to burn for the total system. The use of municipal and industrial waste as fuel helps reduce the amount of fossil fuel being burned and also reduces the areas of landfill needed to dispose wastes, but special care must be exercised to avoid releases of toxic gases into the atmosphere. This paper describes a few examples of the use of solar energy and energy storage in community-wide systems (Lyckebo in Sweden, Kerava in Finland), the use of natural gas in DHC (Lappenranta and Lahti in Finland), and applications of heat pump utilization in DHC (Uppsala wastewater and Stockholm preheat system in Sweden). Some projections are made of several alternative fuels derived from biomass, recycling, and other possible technologies in the future development of waste-handling and DHC systems. A brief discussion is included regarding the environmental concerns and legislative development in the US and elsewhere in the world.

  18. A case study of the perceptions of current and former school board members of a recently annexed, rural, impoverished, South Texas, Latino school district in a high stakes accountability system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Claudia G.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This research study was a qualitative study involving eight current or former school board members of a recently annexed, rural, impoverished, Latino school district in South Texas. The purpose of this intrinsic case study was to highlight...

  19. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Cameron County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Benito) – Interconnect Between Canals 39 and 13-A1 and Replacement of Rio Grande Diversion Pumping Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.; Ellis, John R.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ’s Endorsement of RGIDECON © 1 This report contains economic and financial analyses results for a capital rehabilitation project proposed by the Cameron County Irrigation District No. 2 (a.k.a. San Benito) in the Rio Grande Basin. Readers interested...TR-212 March 2003 Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Cameron County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Benito) – Interconnect Between Canals 39 and 13-A1 and Replacement of Rio Grande Diversion Pumping Plant M. Edward...

  20. A case study of the perceptions of current and former school board members of a recently annexed, rural, impoverished, South Texas, Latino school district in a high stakes accountability system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Claudia G.

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A CASE STUDY OF THE PERCEPTIONS OF CURRENT AND FORMER SCHOOL BOARD MEMBERS OF A RECENTLY ANNEXED, RURAL, IMPOVERISHED, SOUTH TEXAS, LATINO SCHOOL DISTRICT IN A HIGH STAKES ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM A Dissertation by CLAUDIA G... OF THE PERCEPTIONS OF CURRENT AND FORMER SCHOOL BOARD MEMBERS OF A RECENTLY ANNEXED, RURAL, IMPOVERISHED, SOUTH TEXAS, LATINO SCHOOL DISTRICT IN A HIGH STAKES ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM A Dissertation by CLAUDIA G. RODRIGUEZ Submitted to the Office...

  1. Open cycle heat pump development for local resource use Phase II district heating case study analysis: Progress report, 1 January 1989--30 March 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiBella, F.; Becker, F.E.; Glick, J.

    1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A district heating system is proposed that uses low-level waste- energy sources, and a quasi open-cycle steam heat pump as a means of upgrading the energy in the form of hot water to use as a transport medium in the system. the use of a water-based, open-cycle heat pump appears to be extremely well suited in terms of its potential thermodynamic performance, cost, and environmental safety compared to more typical organic gased closed cycle systems. The Phase II case study provides a detailed analysis of a district heating system that utilizes the open cycle steam heat pump concept developed in Phase I. This quarterly report describes the energy audit performed on the heat source and heat sink.

  2. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Edinburg Irrigation District Hidalgo County No. 1 - 72" Pipeline Replacing Delivery Canal and Multi-Size Pipeline Replacing Delivery Canal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.; Ellis, John R.

    TR-205 November 2002 Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Edinburg Irrigation District Hidalgo County No. 1 – 72" Pipeline Replacing Delivery Canal and Multi-Size Pipeline Replacing Delivery Canal M. Edward Rister... Ronald D. Lacewell Allen W. Sturdivant John R. C. Robinson Michael C. Popp John R. Ellis Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University TR-205 November 2002 Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Edinburg...

  3. Role of contact farmers as a source of information in the adoption of selected cotton practices among small-scale farmers in two districts of Paraguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diarte Meza, Nelson Antonio

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l 5 Figure 3 Figure 4 Diffusion curve. Varieties recommended and most grown by follower farmers during the Plan Nacional de Reactivacion del Algodon in two districts of Paraguay, 2000...) and their families. 12 (BNF): Banco Nacional de Fomento, National Improvement Bank. (CAH): Credito Agricola de Habilitacidn, Agricultural Credit Agency. (CFs): Contact farmers are defined as those farmers selected in their community according to some specific...

  4. Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan) – 48" Pipeline Replacing Wisconsin Canal – Preliminary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.

    improving the efficiency of pumping plants. The economic water and energy savings analyses provide estimates of the economic costs per acre-foot of water savings and per BTU (kwh) of energy savings associated with one to five proposed capital improvement... limitations. At times, District management’s best educated estimates (or that of the consulting engineer) are used to base cost and/or savings’ values well into the future. Obviously, this is imperfect, but given resource limitations, it is believed ample...

  5. Les minralisations Cu---(Ni---Bi---U---Au---Ag) d'Ifri (district du Haut Seksaoua, Maroc) : apport de l'tude

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Les minéralisations Cu---(Ni---Bi---U---Au---Ag) d'Ifri (district du Haut Seksaoua, Maroc) : apport, université de Meknés, Meknés, Maroc c Snarema, Casablanca, Maroc Résumé Les minéralisations à Cu d'Ifri se; pyrite; stockwerk; cisaillement; Tardi-Hercynien; Haut Atlas; MarocMots- clé: copper; pyrite; stockwork

  6. Water Loss Test Results for the Pipeline Units: I-19/I-18, I-7A, and I-22 Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fipps, G.; Leigh, E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TR-330 2008 Water Loss Test Results for the Pipeline Units: I-19/I-18, I-7A and I-22 Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 By: Eric Leigh, Extension Associate, Biological and Agricultural Engineering... Guy Fipps, Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Texas Water Resources Institute Technical Report October 2008 Water Loss Test Results for the Pipeline Units: I-19/I-18, I-7A, and I...

  7. Water Loss Test Results for the Pipeline Units: I-19/I-18, I-7A, and I-22 Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fipps, G.; Leigh, E.

    TR-330 2008 Water Loss Test Results for the Pipeline Units: I-19/I-18, I-7A and I-22 Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 By: Eric Leigh, Extension Associate, Biological and Agricultural Engineering... Guy Fipps, Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Texas Water Resources Institute Technical Report October 2008 Water Loss Test Results for the Pipeline Units: I-19/I-18, I-7A, and I...

  8. Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: Implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, Preston; Jordan, Preston D.; Benson, Sally M.

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Well blowout rates in oil fields undergoing thermally enhanced recovery (via steam injection) in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005 were on the order of 1 per 1,000 well construction operations, 1 per 10,000 active wells per year, and 1 per 100,000 shut-in/idle and plugged/abandoned wells per year. This allows some initial inferences about leakage of CO2 via wells, which is considered perhaps the greatest leakage risk for geological storage of CO2. During the study period, 9% of the oil produced in the United States was from District 4, and 59% of this production was via thermally enhanced recovery. There was only one possible blowout from an unknown or poorly located well, despite over a century of well drilling and production activities in the district. The blowout rate declined dramatically during the study period, most likely as a result of increasing experience, improved technology, and/or changes in safety culture. If so, this decline indicates the blowout rate in CO2-storage fields can be significantly minimized both initially and with increasing experience over time. Comparable studies should be conducted in other areas. These studies would be particularly valuable in regions with CO2-enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and natural gas storage.

  9. Fuel Cells Providing Power Despite Winter’s Chill

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Fuel cell technologies can help fight the cold and make sure you are toasty warm whether you are driving your fuel cell electric vehicle or using a fuel cell powered generator.

  10. Model-Assisted Commissioning of a Chilling Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georges, B.; Lebrun, J.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heat exchangers, the four ice storage tanks, the four chillers and the five cooling towers) by one equivalent component. A first principle steady-state model is applied to each of component. This model is based on classical equations... of transfer and conservation of mass and energy. The (only-one equivalent) ice storage tank is represented as an equivalent heat exchanger with one (isothermal) side at 0?C. This gives the following equations...

  11. STORAGE OF CHILLED NATURAL GAS IN BEDDED SALT STORAGE CAVERNS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JOel D. Dieland; Kirby D. Mellegard

    2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the results of a two-phase study that examines the economic and technical feasibility of converting a conventional natural gas storage facility in bedded salt into a refrigerated natural gas storage facility for the purpose of increasing the working gas capacity of the facility. The conceptual design used to evaluate this conversion is based on the design that was developed for the planned Avoca facility in Steuben County, New York. By decreasing the cavern storage temperature from 43 C to -29 C (110 F to -20 F), the working gas capacity of the facility can be increased by about 70 percent (from 1.2 x 10{sup 8} Nm{sup 3} or 4.4 billion cubic feet (Bcf) to 2.0 x 10{sup 8} Nm{sup 3} or 7.5 Bcf) while maintaining the original design minimum and maximum cavern pressures. In Phase I of the study, laboratory tests were conducted to determine the thermal conductivity of salt at low temperatures. Finite element heat transfer calculations were then made to determine the refrigeration loads required to maintain the caverns at a temperature of -29 C (-20 F). This was followed by a preliminary equipment design and a cost analysis for the converted facility. The capital cost of additional equipment and its installation required for refrigerated storage is estimated to be about $13,310,000 or $160 per thousand Nm{sup 3} ($4.29 per thousand cubic feet (Mcf)) of additional working gas capacity. The additional operating costs include maintenance refrigeration costs to maintain the cavern at -29 C (-20 F) and processing costs to condition the gas during injection and withdrawal. The maintenance refrigeration cost, based on the current energy cost of about $13.65 per megawatt-hour (MW-hr) ($4 per million British thermal units (MMBtu)), is expected to be about $316,000 after the first year and to decrease as the rock surrounding the cavern is cooled. After 10 years, the cost of maintenance refrigeration based on the $13.65 per MW-hr ($4 per MMBtu) energy cost is estimated to be $132,000. The gas processing costs are estimated to be $2.05 per thousand Nm{sup 3} ($0.055 per Mcf) of gas injected into and withdrawn from the facility based on the $13.65 per MW-hr ($4 per MMBtu) energy cost. In Phase II of the study, laboratory tests were conducted to determine mechanical properties of salt at low temperature. This was followed by thermomechanical finite element simulations to evaluate the structural stability of the cavern during refrigerated storage. The high thermal expansion coefficient of salt is expected to result in tensile stresses leading to tensile failure in the roof, walls, and floor of the cavern as it is cooled. Tensile fracturing of the cavern roof may result in loss of containment of the gas and/or loss of integrity of the casing shoe, deeming the conversion of this facility not technically feasible.

  12. Achieving High Chilled Water Delta T Without Blending Station 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Z.; Wang, G.; Xu, K.; Yu, Y.; Liu, M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . FACILITIES INFORMATION Figure 1 depicts a layout of three different buildings in Omaha. The miles in Figure 1 demonstrate the roughly pipeline distance between the central plant and the building. One common thing of the three buildings is that they have...

  13. A scale model study of displacement ventilation with chilled ceilings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holden, Katherine J. A. (Katherine Joan Adrienne)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Displacement ventilation is a form of air-conditioning which provides good air quality and some energy savings. The air quality is better than for a conventional mixed ventilation system. The maximum amount of cooling that ...

  14. Cooling Semiconductor Manufacturing Facilities with Chilled Water Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiorino, D. P.

    Utility Plant (See Figure 1). This piping network was originally designed as a closed, variable-volume hydronic system with constant speed primary pumps as large as 500 hp, 9,000 gpm, 200' tdh located in the return piping 272 ESL-IE-95-04-41... and reheating coils, 274 ESL-IE-95-04-41 Proceedings from the Seventeenth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 5-6, 1995 I as well as 7.5 hp, 400 gpm, 75' tdh "run-around" pumps and piping. This measure produced 95 tons (20%) of "free...

  15. Low Chill Peaches from the University of Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    ', `Gulfprince', `UFGold', `UFO', `UFBlaze', `UFBeauty', `Flordabest',`UFSharp' Nectarines: `Sunbest', `UFQueen

  16. Drilling, completion, stimulation, and testing of BDM/CNGD Well 3997, Lee District, Calhoun County, West Virginia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Overbey, W.K. Jr.; Carden, R.S.; Salamy, S.P.; Locke, C.D.; Johnson, H.R.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the detailed field operations in drilling, casing, completing, and stimulating the Hunter Bennett No. 3997 well located in Lee District, Calhoun County West Virginia. The project was designed and managed by BDM in cooperation with CNG Development Company. The well was spudded on November 9, 1990, and drilling was completed on December 14, 1990. The well was drilled on an average asmuth of 312 degrees with a total horizontal displacement of 2459 feet. The well was turned to a 90 degree inclination from the vertical over a measured course length of 1216 feet. Approximately 1381 feet of the well had an inclination higher than 86 degrees, while 2179 feet had an inclination greater than 62 degrees. The well was partitioned into five zones for stimulation purposes. Each zone is a little more than 300 feet long. The well was stimulated with nitrogen gas in zones one and two. Early production results are encouraging. The BDM/CNGD horizontal well averaged 147 mcfd of gas over the first week of production and, in week five, began to produce oil at a rate of about 2 bbl/day.

  17. Drilling, completion, stimulation, and testing of BDM/CNGD Well 3997, Lee District, Calhoun County, West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Overbey, W.K. Jr.; Carden, R.S.; Salamy, S.P.; Locke, C.D.; Johnson, H.R.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the detailed field operations in drilling, casing, completing, and stimulating the Hunter Bennett No. 3997 well located in Lee District, Calhoun County West Virginia. The project was designed and managed by BDM in cooperation with CNG Development Company. The well was spudded on November 9, 1990, and drilling was completed on December 14, 1990. The well was drilled on an average asmuth of 312 degrees with a total horizontal displacement of 2459 feet. The well was turned to a 90 degree inclination from the vertical over a measured course length of 1216 feet. Approximately 1381 feet of the well had an inclination higher than 86 degrees, while 2179 feet had an inclination greater than 62 degrees. The well was partitioned into five zones for stimulation purposes. Each zone is a little more than 300 feet long. The well was stimulated with nitrogen gas in zones one and two. Early production results are encouraging. The BDM/CNGD horizontal well averaged 147 mcfd of gas over the first week of production and, in week five, began to produce oil at a rate of about 2 bbl/day.

  18. Analysis of the value of battery storage with wind and photovoltaic generation to the Sacramento Municipal Utility District

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaininger, H.W. [Zaininger Engineering Co., Inc., Roseville, CA (United States)

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the results of an analysis to determine the economic and operational value of battery storage to wind and photovoltaic (PV) generation technologies to the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) system. The analysis approach consisted of performing a benefit-cost economic assessment using established SMUD financial parameters, system expansion plans, and current system operating procedures. This report presents the results of the analysis. Section 2 describes expected wind and PV plant performance. Section 3 describes expected benefits to SMUD associated with employing battery storage. Section 4 presents preliminary benefit-cost results for battery storage added at the Solano wind plant and the Hedge PV plant. Section 5 presents conclusions and recommendations resulting from this analysis. The results of this analysis should be reviewed subject to the following caveat. The assumptions and data used in developing these results were based on reports available from and interaction with appropriate SMUD operating, planning, and design personnel in 1994 and early 1995 and are compatible with financial assumptions and system expansion plans as of that time. Assumptions and SMUD expansion plans have changed since then. In particular, SMUD did not install the additional 45 MW of wind that was planned for 1996. Current SMUD expansion plans and assumptions should be obtained from appropriate SMUD personnel.

  19. The Coordinated Control of a Central Air Conditioning System Based on Variable Chilled Water Temperature and Variable Chilled Water Flow 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, J.; Mai, Y.; Liu, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy consumption of chiller and chiller water pump was taken as the objective function of the optimization model. The performance characteristics of a chiller, water pump, regulation valve and pipeline are taken into account, and the optimization...

  20. The Coordinated Control of a Central Air Conditioning System Based on Variable Chilled Water Temperature and Variable Chilled Water Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, J.; Mai, Y.; Liu, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy consumption of chiller and chiller water pump was taken as the objective function of the optimization model. The performance characteristics of a chiller, water pump, regulation valve and pipeline are taken into account, and the optimization...