Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Groundwater Monitoring Groundwater Monitoring LANL maintains an extensive groundwater monitoring and surveillance program through sampling. August 1, 2013 Conceptual model of water...
In situ groundwater bioremediation
Hazen, Terry C.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
degradation of phenols in groundwater. J Contam. Hydrol.Bioimmobilization of Cr(VI) in Groundwater Using Hydrogenof bacterial activity in groundwater containing petroleum
Groundwater 7-1 7. Groundwater
Pennycook, Steve
Groundwater 7-1 7. Groundwater W. K. Jago, R. S. Loffman, and C. A. Motley Abstract Most residents in the Oak Ridge area do not rely on groundwater for potable supplies, although suitable water is available. Local groundwater provides some domestic, municipal, farm, irrigation, and industrial uses, however
Groundwater 7-1 7. Groundwater
Pennycook, Steve
Groundwater 7-1 7. Groundwater S. B. Jones and R. S. Loffman Abstract Most residents in the Oak Ridge area do not rely on groundwater for potable supplies, although suitable water is available. Local groundwater provides some domestic, municipal, farm, irrigation, and industrial uses, however, and must
Luoma, Samuel N.; Moore, Johnnie N.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2015 EDITORIAL Essays on Groundwater Samuel N. Luoma 1 ,the Bay–Delta watershed. Groundwater is one of the pillarsunderstanding of how much groundwater we use and how long it
university-logo Graph Expansions
St Andrews, University of
university-logo Graph Expansions Green's Relations Closing Remarks Semigroup Graph Expansions January 2009 Rebecca Noonan Heale Semigroup Graph Expansions: #12;university-logo Graph Expansions Green;university-logo Graph Expansions Green's Relations Closing Remarks History Definitions Graph Expansions
Brackish Groundwater Desalination Feasibility
US Army Corps of Engineers
Brackish Groundwater Desalination Feasibility Assessment Report VOLUME I -- October 2008 SAN Groundwater Desalination Feasibility Report San Antonio Water System Table of Contents Table of Contents List
Groundwater Monitoring Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Groundwater Monitoring Network Groundwater Monitoring Network The network includes 92 natural sources, 102 regional aquifer wells, 41 intermediate-depth wells and springs, and 67...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville Power AdministrationHawaiiEnergyFloridaOutlook MaryVehicles and Fuels Vehiclesretrievals ofGroundwater
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
BGD 2, 135, 2005 Submarine groundwater discharge inferred from radon and salinity J. Crusius et al Biogeosciences Discussions is the access reviewed discussion forum of Biogeosciences Submarine groundwater(s). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. 1 #12;BGD 2, 135, 2005 Submarine groundwater
Groundwater Everybody's Resource
Groundwater Everybody's Resource Everybody's Responsibility Take Action Now! Michigan Groundwater Stewardship Program Check Inside I Water Cycle . . . . . . . 2 I Groundwater Quiz . . 3 I Risky Practice/ Safe for the benefit of people today and tomorrow. Groundwater is the water that fills spaces between rocks and soil
Regional Groundwater Evapotranspiration in Illinois
Yeh, Pat J-F.; Famiglietti, J. S
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
characteristics of groundwater outflow and baseflow fromtween precipitation and shallow groundwater in Illinois. J.Coauthors, 2006: Groundwater-supported evapo- transpiration
Groundwater in the Regional Aquifer
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Groundwater in the Regional Aquifer Groundwater in the Regional Aquifer LANL maintains an extensive groundwater monitoring and surveillance program through sampling. August 1, 2013...
Bertrand, Nathalie; 10.4204/EPTCS.39.6
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Deterministic graph grammars generate regular graphs, that form a structural extension of configuration graphs of pushdown systems. In this paper, we study a probabilistic extension of regular graphs obtained by labelling the terminal arcs of the graph grammars by probabilities. Stochastic properties of these graphs are expressed using PCTL, a probabilistic extension of computation tree logic. We present here an algorithm to perform approximate verification of PCTL formulae. Moreover, we prove that the exact model-checking problem for PCTL on probabilistic regular graphs is undecidable, unless restricting to qualitative properties. Our results generalise those of EKM06, on probabilistic pushdown automata, using similar methods combined with graph grammars techniques.
The Hanford Story: Groundwater
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This second chapter of The Hanford Story explains how more than 100 square miles of groundwater under the Hanford Site became contaminated and what workers are doing to restore groundwater to its highest beneficial use.
GROUNDWATER QUALITY PROTECTION PRACTICES
#12;GROUNDWATER QUALITY PROTECTION PRACTICES Submitted to: Environment Canada 224 West Esplanade.............................................................................................1 2.0 GROUNDWATER RESOURCES WITHIN THE FRASER BASIN.................3 2.1 Lower Fraser Region..............................................................................5 3.0 COMMON SOURCES OF GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATION ...............6 3.1 Category 1 - Sources Designed
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
HESSD 4, 11331151, 2007 Groundwater vulnerability assessment and WFD K. Berkhoff Title Page are under open-access review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Groundwater vulnerability@em.uni-frankfurt.de) 1133 #12;HESSD 4, 11331151, 2007 Groundwater vulnerability assessment and WFD K. Berkhoff Title Page
Groundwater Quality Standards (Nebraska)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
These regulations, promulgated by the Department of Environmental Quality, contain groundwater quality standards and classifications, regulations for point sources, and provisions for remedial action.
Groundwater and Wells (Nebraska)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This section describes regulations relating to groundwater protection, water wells, and water withdrawals, and requires the registration of all water wells in the state.
Wong, Pak C. (Richland, WA); Mackey, Patrick S. (Kennewick, WA); Perrine, Kenneth A. (Richland, WA); Foote, Harlan P. (Richland, WA); Thomas, James J. (Richland, WA)
2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z
Methods for visualizing a graph by automatically drawing elements of the graph as labels are disclosed. In one embodiment, the method comprises receiving node information and edge information from an input device and/or communication interface, constructing a graph layout based at least in part on that information, wherein the edges are automatically drawn as labels, and displaying the graph on a display device according to the graph layout. In some embodiments, the nodes are automatically drawn as labels instead of, or in addition to, the label-edges.
Protection of the Groundwater Resource
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Protection of the Groundwater Resource Protection of the Groundwater Resource Monitoring wells act as sentinels between suspected LANL contamination and the water supply. August 1,...
Detecting appropriate groundwater-level trends for safe groundwater development
Sohoni, Milind
Detecting appropriate groundwater-level trends for safe groundwater development Rahul Gokhale-monsoon Groundwater(GW) levels are important for the periodic categorisation of regions in India according to their GW-safety. A specific procedure has been recommended by the Groundwater Estimation Committee, 1997(GEC'97), constituted
Groundwater Resources Program A New Tool to Assess Groundwater Resources
Groundwater Resources Program A New Tool to Assess Groundwater Resources in the Mississippi CAROLINA GEORGIA LOUISIANA Mississippi River Groundwater flow Well a quifer Alluvial aquifer Middle alluvial aquifer is the primary source of groundwater for irriga- tion in the largely agricultural region
Extending graph homomorphism and simulation for real life graph matching
Wu, Yinghui
2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
Among the vital problems in a variety of emerging applications is the graph matching problem, which is to determine whether two graphs are similar, and if so, find all the valid matches in one graph for the other, based ...
Graphs, matrices, and the GraphBLAS: Seven good reasons
Kepner, Jeremy [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology., Cambridge, MA (United States); Bader, David [Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); Buluç, Ayd?n [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Gilbert, John [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Mattson, Timothy [Intel Corporation, Portland, OR (United States); Meyerhenke, Henning [Karlsruhe Inst. of Technology, Karlsruhe (Germany)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The analysis of graphs has become increasingly important to a wide range of applications. Graph analysis presents a number of unique challenges in the areas of (1) software complexity, (2) data complexity, (3) security, (4) mathematical complexity, (5) theoretical analysis, (6) serial performance, and (7) parallel performance. Implementing graph algorithms using matrix-based approaches provides a number of promising solutions to these challenges. The GraphBLAS standard (istcbigdata.org/GraphBlas) is being developed to bring the potential of matrix based graph algorithms to the broadest possible audience. The GraphBLAS mathematically defines a core set of matrix-based graph operations that can be used to implement a wide class of graph algorithms in a wide range of programming environments. This paper provides an introduction to the GraphBLAS and describes how the GraphBLAS can be used to address many of the challenges associated with analysis of graphs.
Graphs, matrices, and the GraphBLAS: Seven good reasons
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Kepner, Jeremy; Bader, David; Buluç, Ayd?n; Gilbert, John; Mattson, Timothy; Meyerhenke, Henning
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The analysis of graphs has become increasingly important to a wide range of applications. Graph analysis presents a number of unique challenges in the areas of (1) software complexity, (2) data complexity, (3) security, (4) mathematical complexity, (5) theoretical analysis, (6) serial performance, and (7) parallel performance. Implementing graph algorithms using matrix-based approaches provides a number of promising solutions to these challenges. The GraphBLAS standard (istcbigdata.org/GraphBlas) is being developed to bring the potential of matrix based graph algorithms to the broadest possible audience. The GraphBLAS mathematically defines a core set of matrix-based graph operations that can be used to implementmore »a wide class of graph algorithms in a wide range of programming environments. This paper provides an introduction to the GraphBLAS and describes how the GraphBLAS can be used to address many of the challenges associated with analysis of graphs.« less
Dismantling sparse random graphs
Janson, Svante
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the number of vertices that must be removed from a graph G in order that the remaining subgraph has no component with more than k vertices. Our principal observation is that, if G is a sparse random graph or a random regular graph on n vertices with n tending to infinity, then the number in question is essentially the same for all values of k such that k tends to infinity but k=o(n).
Lothian, Josh [ORNL; Powers, Sarah S [ORNL; Sullivan, Blair D [ORNL; Baker, Matthew B [ORNL; Schrock, Jonathan [ORNL; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL
2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The benchmarking effort within the Extreme Scale Systems Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory seeks to provide High Performance Computing benchmarks and test suites of interest to the DoD sponsor. The work described in this report is a part of the effort focusing on graph generation. A previously developed benchmark, SystemBurn, allowed the emulation of dierent application behavior profiles within a single framework. To complement this effort, similar capabilities are desired for graph-centric problems. This report examines existing synthetic graph generator implementations in preparation for further study on the properties of their generated synthetic graphs.
*D. J. Kelleher
2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Spectral Graph Theory. *D. J. Kelleher2. 2Department of Mathematics. University of Connecticut. UConn— SIGMA Seminar — Fall 2011. D. J. Kelleher. Spectral ...
Graph concatenation for quantum codes
Beigi, Salman
Graphs are closely related to quantum error-correcting codes: every stabilizer code is locally equivalent to a graph code and every codeword stabilized code can be described by a graph and a classical code. For the ...
Vacuum Energy in Quantum Graphs
Wilson, Justin
2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the vacuum energy in quantum graphs. Vacuum energy arose in quantum physics but has an independent mathematical interest as a functional carrying information about the eigenvalue spectrum of a system. A quantum graph is a metric graph...
Vacuum Energy in Quantum Graphs
Wilson, Justin
2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the vacuum energy in quantum graphs. Vacuum energy arose in quantum physics but has an independent mathematical interest as a functional carrying information about the eigenvalue spectrum of a system. A quantum graph is a metric graph...
Groundwater Conservation Districts: Success Stories
Porter, Dana; Persyn, Russell A.; Enciso, Juan
1999-09-06T23:59:59.000Z
these limited resources is increasing, so our aquifers must be conserved and protected for the benefit of the state?s economy, our natural ecosystems, and our quality of life. The Texas Water Code, Chapter 36, calls for the creation of Groundwater Conservation... groundwater reservoirs or their subdivisions.? In Texas, local deci- sion making through Groundwater Conservation Districts has been the rule and not the exception. In fact, Groundwater Conservation Districts are the state?s preferred method of groundwater...
Groundwater Protection Management Program
Wells, D.G.
1999-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
This document will be a useful reference for those engaged in groundwater protection and management. This document presents a great deal of detail while still addressing the larger issues.
Groundwater under stress: the importance of management
Vaux, Henry
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
static or decline. Groundwater will be uniquely attractiveThe need to manage groundwater ef?ciently and effectively asthe aquifer. Most methods of groundwater management involve
Buying, Selling and Exporting Groundwater: Implications for Groundwater Conservation Districts
Kaiser, Ronald; Lesikar, Bruce A.; Silvey, Valeen
in Texas, by Ronald Kaiser. Groundwater Transactions: Buyers Perspective, by Russell Johnson. Purchasing Groundwater for Export: The Kinney County Proposal, by Lynn Sherman. Model Lease of Groundwater Rights, by Ned Meister. Protecting Your Land and Water... in a Sales/ Lease Agreement, by Sandra Burns. Regulation of Exportation of Underground Water, by Doug Caroom. Roberts County Transportation Permits, by C.E. Williams. Export Fees: A Groundwater District Limits and Uses, by Jace Houston. The report also...
Graph Automatic Semigroups Rachael Carey
St Andrews, University of
Graph Automatic Semigroups Rachael Carey NBSAN St Andrews 22/04/2015 Rachael Carey NBSAN St Andrews Graph Automatic Semigroups #12;Regular languages An alphabet is a set of symbols.The elements are accepted by finite state automata. Rachael Carey NBSAN St Andrews Graph Automatic Semigroups #12;Graph
Fernald Environmental Management Project Archived Soil & Groundwater...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Fernald Environmental Management Project Archived Soil & Groundwater Master Reports Fernald Environmental Management Project Archived Soil & Groundwater Master Reports Fernald...
Hanford's Groundwater Treatment System Expands Already Impressive...
Hanford's Groundwater Treatment System Expands Already Impressive Capabilities Hanford's Groundwater Treatment System Expands Already Impressive Capabilities September 24, 2015 -...
Miamisburg Environmental Management Project Archived Soil & Groundwate...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Miamisburg Environmental Management Project Archived Soil & Groundwater Master Reports Miamisburg Environmental Management Project Archived Soil & Groundwater Master Reports...
Efficiently Controllable Graphs
Can Gokler; Kevin Thompson; Peter Shor; Seth Lloyd
2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
We show that universal quantum computation can be performed efficiently on quantum networks while the fraction of controlled subsystems vanishes as the network grows larger. We provide examples of quantum spin network families admitting polynomial quantum gate complexity with a vanishing fraction of controlled spins. We define a new family of graphs, the efficiently controllable family, which admits efficient computation with vanishing fraction of controls. We explore generalizations to percolation clusters, fractals and random graphs. We show that the classical computational complexity of estimating the ground state of Hamiltonians described by controllable graphs is polynomial in the number of subsystems/qubits.
Chebotarev, Pavel
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For a weighted multidigraph, let $f_{ij}$ be the total weight of spanning converging forests that have vertex $i$ in a tree converging to $j$. We prove that $f_{ij}f_{jk}=f_{ik}f_{jj}$ if and only if every directed path from $i$ to $k$ contains $j$ (a graph bottleneck equality). Otherwise, $f_{ij}f_{jk}inequality). In a companion paper, this inequality provides the foundation for the construction of a new family of graph distances by ensuring the fulfillment of the triangle inequality. This stems from the fact that the graph bottleneck inequality is a multiplicative analogue of the triangle inequality for proximities.
Graphs associated with semigroups
Baber, Stephen Asa
1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to the graph of this system as well. We first consider the question of when G(g ) is a com- 3 19 piete graph. The more general question of connectedness will be considered later' In order to state the next few results we need a definitions A minimal right... tM2. In [2], Clifford and Preston show that any two idempotent elements in an inverse semigroup commute. Thus, complete graph. ele2=e2el e MI()M2. As above, G(4 ) is a In order to show that the four conditions in corollary 4. 3...
Groundwater and Terrestrial Water Storage,
Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, J S
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
T. E. Reilly, 2002: Flow and storage in groundwater systems.Estimating ground water storage changes in the Mississippistorage..
In situ groundwater bioremediation
Hazen, Terry C.
2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
In situ groundwater bioremediation of hydrocarbons has been used for more than 40 years. Most strategies involve biostimulation; however, recently bioaugmentation have been used for dehalorespiration. Aquifer and contaminant profiles are critical to determining the feasibility and strategy for in situ groundwater bioremediation. Hydraulic conductivity and redox conditions, including concentrations of terminal electron acceptors are critical to determine the feasibility and strategy for potential bioremediation applications. Conceptual models followed by characterization and subsequent numerical models are critical for efficient and cost effective bioremediation. Critical research needs in this area include better modeling and integration of remediation strategies with natural attenuation.
13 In Situ: Groundwater Bioremediation
Hazen, Terry
13 In Situ: Groundwater Bioremediation T. C. Hazen Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley and Bioaugmentation of Groundwater ............................ 2589 5 Intrinsic Bioremediation and Modeling.1007/978-3-540-77587-4_191, # Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2010 #12;Abstract: In situ groundwater bioremediation of hydrocarbons
Groundwater Data Analysis Lalit Kumar
Sohoni, Milind
Groundwater Data Analysis Lalit Kumar (10305073) Guide: Prof. Milind Sohoni Department of Computer BombayGroundwater Data Analysis Oct 25, 2011 1 / 23 #12;Outline Motivation Objective Terminology Case Sohoni (Department of Computer Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BombayGroundwater
Li, X. Rong
EES 1001 Lab 9 Groundwater Water that seeps into the ground, and is pulled down by gravity is groundwater. The water table is the top of the saturated zone, and is the target for well drillers that want to pump out the groundwater. *About those voids... Porosity is the volume of void space in a sediment
GROUNDWATER REMEDIATION DESIGN USING SIMULATED
Mays, Larry W.
CHAPTER 8 GROUNDWATER REMEDIATION DESIGN USING SIMULATED ANNEALING Richard L. Skaggs Pacific? There has been an emergence in the use of combinatorial methods such as simulated annealing in groundwater for groundwater management applications. The algorithm incor- porates "directional search" and "memory
2, 939970, 2005 Groundwater com-
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
HESSD 2, 939970, 2005 Groundwater com- partmentalisation E. A. Mohamed and R. H. Worden Title Page-access review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Groundwater compartmentalisation is licensed under a Creative Commons License. 939 #12;HESSD 2, 939970, 2005 Groundwater com
Topological groundwater hydrodynamics Garrison Sposito
Chen, Yiling
Topological groundwater hydrodynamics Garrison Sposito Department of Civil and Environmental; received in revised form 10 November 2000; accepted 15 November 2000 Abstract Topological groundwater, the topological characteristics of groundwater ¯ows governed by the Darcy law are studied. It is demonstrated that
Zager, Laura (Laura A.)
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Measures of graph similarity have a broad array of applications, including comparing chemical structures, navigating complex networks like the World Wide Web, and more recently, analyzing different kinds of biological data. ...
Martin, Jeremy L.
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
(G)isasetofedges, or unordered pairs of distinct verticesfv;wg.Wefrequently abbreviatefv;wgby vw when no confusion can arise (for instance, when the vertices are one-digit positive integers). The vertices v;w are called the endpoints of the edge vw.Asubgraph of G is a graph G 0... =(V 0 ;E 0 )withV 0 V and E 0 E.We de ne K(V 0 )=fvw j v;w2V 0 ;v6= wg and E(V 0 )=E\\K(V 0 ): The complete graph on V is the graph (V;K(V)). We write K n for the complete graph onf1;:::;ng.ForE 0 E and v2V,thevalence of v with respect to E 0 is val...
Graph Grammars Matilde Marcolli
Marcolli, Matilde
to computer science, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 532, Springer, 1990. G. Rozenberg, Handbook Grammars H. Ehrig, K. Ehrig, U. Prange, G. Taentzer, Fundamentals of algebraic graph transformation. New
Drawing symmetric planar graphs
Meric, Burak Necati
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 A drawing generated by repeating graphs. Generation of the drawing with the unit cell. Calculation of the converted lines. Rectangular unit cell for hexagonal groups. Construction ofhexagonal cells by using... of pixels requires much computer memories and much powerful processors. Figure 1. A drawing generated by repeating graphs. Drawing uses an object-oriented point of view. In drawing, patterns are created as a collection of objects such as points, lines...
Open Graphs and Computational Reasoning
Dixon, Lucas; Ross, Duncan; Aleks, Kissinger
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a form of algebraic reasoning for computational objects which are expressed as graphs. Edges describe the flow of data between primitive operations which are represented by vertices. These graphs have an interface ...
Ames, Kenneth R. (Pasco, WA); Doesburg, James M. (Richland, WA); Eschbach, Eugene A. (Richland, WA); Kelley, Roy C. (Kennewick, WA); Myers, David A. (Richland, WA)
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A groundwater monitoring system includes a bore, a well casing within and spaced from the bore, and a pump within the casing. A water impermeable seal between the bore and the well casing prevents surface contamination from entering the pump. Above the ground surface is a removable operating means which is connected to the pump piston by a flexible cord. A protective casing extends above ground and has a removable cover. After a groundwater sample has been taken, the cord is disconnected from the operating means. The operating means is removed for taking away, the cord is placed within the protective casing, and the cover closed and locked. The system is thus protected from contamination, as well as from damage by accident or vandalism.
Matthew McKague
2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
We give a construction for a self-test for any connected graph state. In other words, for each connected graph state we give a set of non-local correlations that can only be achieved (quantumly) by that particular graph state and certain local measurements. The number of correlations considered is small, being linear in the number of vertices in the graph. We also prove robustness for the test.
Temporal Representation in Semantic Graphs
Levandoski, J J; Abdulla, G M
2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
A wide range of knowledge discovery and analysis applications, ranging from business to biological, make use of semantic graphs when modeling relationships and concepts. Most of the semantic graphs used in these applications are assumed to be static pieces of information, meaning temporal evolution of concepts and relationships are not taken into account. Guided by the need for more advanced semantic graph queries involving temporal concepts, this paper surveys the existing work involving temporal representations in semantic graphs.
Densities in graphs and matroids
Kannan, Lavanya
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Certain graphs can be described by the distribution of the edges in its subgraphs. For example, a cycle C is a graph that satisfies |E(H)| |V (H)| < |E(C)| |V (C)| = 1 for all non-trivial subgraphs of C. Similarly, a tree T is a graph that satisfies...
Water Budget Analysis and Groundwater Inverse Modeling
Farid Marandi, Sayena
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
hydrological processes at the Norman Landfill site including evapotranspiration, recharge, and regional groundwater flow and groundwater-surface water interaction. The MCMC scheme also proved to be a robust tool for the inverse groundwater modeling but its...
Groundwater: Recharge is Not the Whole Story
Bredehoeft, John
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
J. 1962. A theory of groundwater motion in stream drainageOn modeling philosophies. Groundwater 44(4):496–498. doi:on a nearby stream. Groundwater 46(1):23–29. doi: http://
1.72 Groundwater Hydrology, Fall 2004
Harvey, Charles
Fundamentals of subsurface flow and transport, emphasizing the role of groundwater in the hydrologic cycle, the relation of groundwater flow to geologic structure, and the management of contaminated groundwater. Topics ...
Groundwater Recharge Simulator M. Tech. Thesis
Sohoni, Milind
Groundwater Recharge Simulator M. Tech. Thesis by Dharmvir Kumar Roll No: 07305902 Guide: Prof;Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Groundwater Theory.1.5 Groundwater Flow Equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.2 Numerical Solvers and Boundary
Quantum chaos on discrete graphs
Uzy Smilansky
2007-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
Adapting a method developed for the study of quantum chaos on {\\it quantum (metric)} graphs \\cite {KS}, spectral $\\zeta$ functions and trace formulae for {\\it discrete} Laplacians on graphs are derived. This is achieved by expressing the spectral secular equation in terms of the periodic orbits of the graph, and obtaining functions which belongs to the class of $\\zeta$ functions proposed originally by Ihara \\cite {Ihara}, and expanded by subsequent authors \\cite {Stark,Sunada}. Finally, a model of "classical dynamics" on the discrete graph is proposed. It is analogous to the corresponding classical dynamics derived for quantum graphs \\cite {KS}.
Spectral fluctuations of quantum graphs
Pluha?, Z. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, 180 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Weidenmüller, H. A. [Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, 69029 Heidelberg (Germany)
2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We prove the Bohigas-Giannoni-Schmit conjecture in its most general form for completely connected simple graphs with incommensurate bond lengths. We show that for graphs that are classically mixing (i.e., graphs for which the spectrum of the classical Perron-Frobenius operator possesses a finite gap), the generating functions for all (P,Q) correlation functions for both closed and open graphs coincide (in the limit of infinite graph size) with the corresponding expressions of random-matrix theory, both for orthogonal and for unitary symmetry.
Groundwater Discharge Permit and Registration (New Hampshire)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Groundwater Discharge Permitting and Registration Program seeks to protect groundwater quality by establishing standards, criteria, and procedures for wastewater discharges. The program...
Monitoring probe for groundwater flow
Looney, Brian B. (Aiken, SC); Ballard, Sanford (Albuquerque, NM)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A monitoring probe for detecting groundwater migration. The monitor features a cylinder made of a permeable membrane carrying an array of electrical conductivity sensors on its outer surface. The cylinder is filled with a fluid that has a conductivity different than the groundwater. The probe is placed in the ground at an area of interest to be monitored. The fluid, typically saltwater, diffuses through the permeable membrane into the groundwater. The flow of groundwater passing around the permeable membrane walls of the cylinder carries the conductive fluid in the same general direction and distorts the conductivity field measured by the sensors. The degree of distortion from top to bottom and around the probe is precisely related to the vertical and horizontal flow rates, respectively. The electrical conductivities measured by the sensors about the outer surface of the probe are analyzed to determine the rate and direction of the groundwater flow.
Monitoring probe for groundwater flow
Looney, B.B.; Ballard, S.
1994-08-23T23:59:59.000Z
A monitoring probe for detecting groundwater migration is disclosed. The monitor features a cylinder made of a permeable membrane carrying an array of electrical conductivity sensors on its outer surface. The cylinder is filled with a fluid that has a conductivity different than the groundwater. The probe is placed in the ground at an area of interest to be monitored. The fluid, typically saltwater, diffuses through the permeable membrane into the groundwater. The flow of groundwater passing around the permeable membrane walls of the cylinder carries the conductive fluid in the same general direction and distorts the conductivity field measured by the sensors. The degree of distortion from top to bottom and around the probe is precisely related to the vertical and horizontal flow rates, respectively. The electrical conductivities measured by the sensors about the outer surface of the probe are analyzed to determine the rate and direction of the groundwater flow. 4 figs.
Chebotarev, Pavel
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A matrix $S=(s_{ij})_{n\\times n}$ is said to determine a \\emph{transitional measure} for a digraph $\\Gamma$ on $n$ vertices if for all $i,j,k\\in\\{1,...,n\\},$ the \\emph{transition inequality} $s_{ij}s_{jk}\\le s_{ik}s_{jj}$ holds and reduces to the equality (called the \\emph{graph bottleneck identity}) if and only if every path in $\\Gamma$ from $i$ to $k$ contains $j$. We show that every positive transitional measure produces a distance by means of a logarithmic transformation. Moreover, the resulting distance $d(\\cdot,\\cdot)$ is \\emph{graph-geodetic}, that is, $d(i,j)+d(j,k)=d(i,k)$ holds if and only if every path from $i$ to $k$ contains $j$. Five types of matrices that determine transitional measures for a strong digraph are considered, namely, the matrices of path weights, connection reliabilities, route weights, and the weights of in-forests and out-forests. The results obtained have undirected counterparts. In [P. Chebotarev, A family of graph distances generalizing both the shortest-path and the resistan...
GROUNDWATER MAPPING AND ASSESSMENT IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
#12;r GROUNDWATER MAPPING AND ASSESSMENT IN BRITISH COLUMBIA VOLUME I: Review and Recommendations and Turner Groundwater Consultants P.O. Box 43001 Victoria, B.C. V8X 3G2 October 1993 #12;DISCLAIMER of Groundwater Information in British Columbia 6 2.1 Sources of Groundwater Mapping and Assessment Information 6
GROUNDWATER ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY C. P. Kumar
Kumar, C.P.
1 GROUNDWATER ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY C. P. Kumar Scientist `F', National Institute of Hydrology is groundwater resources. Due to uneven distribution of rainfall both in time and space, the surface water on development of groundwater resources. The simultaneous development of groundwater, specially through dug wells
CE 473/573 Groundwater Learning objectives
Rehmann, Chris
CE 473/573 Groundwater Fall 2011 Learning objectives While the goals of the class are quite general. Identify contemporary issues involving groundwater; explain how solutions that use knowledge of groundwater of piezometric head. Define groundwater divide and compute its properties. Explain how to determine whether
CE 473/573 Groundwater Course information
Rehmann, Chris
CE 473/573 Groundwater Fall 2011 Course information Instructor: Prof. Chris Rehmann rehmann of water and contaminants in groundwater systems to solve problems of groundwater resource evaluation and groundwater contamination, to develop thinking skills, to communicate effectively and function on teams
CE 473/573 Groundwater Course information
Rehmann, Chris
CE 473/573 Groundwater Fall 2009 Course information Instructor: Prof. Chris Rehmann rehmann of water and contaminants in groundwater systems to solve problems of groundwater resource evaluation and groundwater contamination, to develop thinking skills, to communicate effectively and function on teams
Groundwater Flow in the Ganges Delta
Entekhabi, Dara
Groundwater Flow in the Ganges Delta Basu et al. (1) reported that 2 1011 m3 /year of groundwater groundwater than in Ganges-Brahmaputra river water. The flow could also have impli- cations for the origin and fate of other groundwater constituents in the Ganges delta that could be flushed by such rapid regional
Bioremediation of contaminated groundwater
Hazen, Terry C. (Augusta, GA); Fliermans, Carl B. (Augusta, GA)
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus and method for in situ remediation of contaminated subsurface soil or groundwater contaminated by chlorinated hydrocarbons. A nutrient fluid is selected to stimulate the growth and reproduction of indigenous subsurface microorganisms that are capable of degrading the contaminants; an oxygenated fluid is selected to create a generally aerobic environment for these microorganisms to degrade the contaminants, leaving only pockets that are anaerobic. The nutrient fluid is injected periodically while the oxygenated fluid is injected continuously and both are extracted so that both are drawn across the plume. The nutrient fluid stimulates microbial colony growth; withholding it periodicially forces the larger, healthy colony of microbes to degrade the contaminants. Treatment is continued until the subsurface concentration of contaminants is reduced to an acceptable, preselected level. The nutrient fluid can be methane and the oxygenated fluid air for stimulating production of methanotrophs to break down chlorohydrocarbons, especially trichloroethylene (TCE) and tetrachloroethylene.
Bioremediation of contaminated groundwater
Hazen, T.C.; Fliermans, C.B.
1995-01-24T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus and method are described for in situ remediation of contaminated subsurface soil or groundwater contaminated by chlorinated hydrocarbons. A nutrient fluid is selected to stimulate the growth and reproduction of indigenous subsurface microorganisms that are capable of degrading the contaminants. An oxygenated fluid is selected to create a generally aerobic environment for these microorganisms to degrade the contaminants, leaving only pockets that are anaerobic. The nutrient fluid is injected periodically while the oxygenated fluid is injected continuously and both are extracted so that both are drawn across the plume. The nutrient fluid stimulates microbial colony growth. Withholding it periodically forces the larger, healthy colony of microbes to degrade the contaminants. Treatment is continued until the subsurface concentration of contaminants is reduced to an acceptable, preselected level. The nutrient fluid can be methane and the oxygenated fluid air for stimulating production of methanotrophs to break down chlorohydrocarbons, especially trichloroethylene (TCE) and tetrachloroethylene. 3 figures.
Bioremediation of contaminated groundwater
Hazen, T.C.; Fliermans, C.B.
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Disclosed is an apparatus and method for in situ remediation of contaminated subsurface soil or groundwater contaminated by chlorinated hydrocarbons. A nutrient fluid (NF) is selected to simulated the growth and reproduction of indigenous subsurface microorganisms capable of degrading the contaminants; an oxygenated fluid (OF) is selected to create an aerobic environment with anaerobic pockets. NF is injected periodically while OF is injected continuously and both are extracted so that both are drawn across the plume. NF stimulates microbial colony growth; withholding it periodically forces the larger, healthy colony of microbes to degrade the contaminants. Treatment is continued until the subsurface concentration of contaminants is acceptable. NF can be methane and OF be air, for stimulating production of methanotrophs to break down chlorohydrocarbons, especially TCE and tetrachloroethylene.
Wang, Suijie
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we give a Laplacian characterization of the product of the complete graphs $K_m$ with trees, unicyclic graphs, and bicyclic graphs. More precisely, let $G$ be a connected graph with at most two independent cycles. If $G$ is neither $C_{6}$ nor $\\Theta_{3,2,5}$ and determined by its Laplacain spectrum, then the product $G\\times K_{m}$ is also a graph determined by its Laplacian spectrum. In addition, we find the cosepctral graphs of $C_{6}\\times K_{m}$ and $\\Theta_{3,2,5}\\times K_{m}$, where the case $m=1$ is shown in Figure \\ref{F1} and \\ref{F2}.
Graph Algorithms in the Internet Age
Stanton, Isabelle Lesley
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
5.2 Classic Matching Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.3 Analysis of Algorithms on Random Graphs . . . . . . . .Graph Problems 5 An Introduction to Matching Algorithms 5.1
Chromatic scheduling of dynamic data-graph computations
Kaler, Tim (Tim F. S.)
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Data-graph computations are a parallel-programming model popularized by programming systems such as Pregel, GraphLab, PowerGraph, and GraphChi. A fundamental issue in parallelizing data-graph computations is the avoidance ...
Groundwater Report Goes Online, Interactive
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
RICHLAND, Wash. – EM’s Richland Operations Office (RL) has moved its 1,200-page annual report on groundwater monitoring to a fully online and interactive web application.
Groundwater Conservation Districts: Success Stories
Porter, Dana; Persyn, Russell A.; Enciso, Juan
1999-09-06T23:59:59.000Z
Demand for water is increasing, so our aquifers must be conserved and protected. The Groundwater Conservation Districts in Texas are carrying out a number of successful programs in the areas of education and public awareness, technical assistance...
Groundwater Contamination Potential from Stormwater
Clark, Shirley E.
Salts Nutrients · Nitrates are one of the most frequently encountered contaminants in groundwater stormwater is: zinc (most mobile)>lead>cadmium>magnesium>copper> iron>chromium>nickel>aluminum (least mobile
Different Strategies for Biological Remediation of Perchlorate Contaminated Groundwater
Wang, Yue
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Perchlorate Contamination in Groundwater: Legal, Chemical,of Perchlorate-Contaminated Groundwater. Federal Facilitiesof perchlorate from groundwater by activated carbon tailored
Submarine Groundwater and Its Influence on Beach Pollution
Boehm, Alexandria; Payton, Adina
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Submarine Groundwater and Its Influence on Beach Pollutioncounts are linked to groundwater flowing a few feet beneaththe sand. Groundwater discharging to the coast may be as
Groundwater Discharge of Mercury to California Coastal Waters
Flegal, Russell; Paytan, Adina; Black, Frank
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
R. 2009. Submarine groundwater discharge of total mercuryof nutrient-enriched fresh groundwater at Stinson Beach,Priya Ganguli collects groundwater at Elkhorn Slough. Coal-
In-Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater and Soil
Jin, Liyan
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
OF PERCHLORATE IN GROUNDWATER: AN OVERVIEW. SERDP ESTCPof perchlorate from groundwater by activated carbon tailoredof perchlorate from groundwater by the polyelectolyte-
Notes on Groundwater Age in Forward and Inverse Modeling
Ginn, Timothy R.; Haeri, Hanieh; Massoudieh, Arash; Foglia, Laura
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
from radiocarbon dating of groundwater and numerical ?ow andReply to “Comment on groundwater age, life expectancy andanalysis of regional groundwater ?ow. 2. Effect of water-
Hoe Creek groundwater restoration, 1989
Renk, R.R.; Crader, S.E.; Lindblom, S.R.; Covell, J.R.
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
During the summer of 1989, approximately 6.5 million gallons of contaminated groundwater were pumped from 23 wells at the Hoe Creek underground coal gasification site, near Gillette, Wyoming. The organic contaminants were removed using activated carbon before the water was sprayed on 15.4 acres at the sites. Approximately 2647 g (5.8 lb) of phenols and 10,714 g (23.6 lb) of benzene were removed from the site aquifers. Phenols, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and naphthalene concentrations were measured in 43 wells. Benzene is the only contaminant at the site exceeds the federal standard for drinking water (5 {mu}g/L). Benzene leaches into the groundwater and is slow to biologically degrade; therefore, the benzene concentration has remained high in the groundwater at the site. The pumping operation affected groundwater elevations across the entire 80-acre site. The water levels rebounded quickly when the pumping operation was stopped on October 1, 1989. Removing contaminated groundwater by pumping is not an effective way to clean up the site because the continuous release of benzene from coal tars is slow. Benzene will continue to leach of the tars for a long time unless its source is removed or the leaching rate retarded through mitigation techniques. The application of the treated groundwater to the surface stimulated plant growth. No adverse effects were noted or recorded from some 60 soil samples taken from twenty locations in the spray field area. 20 refs., 52 figs., 8 tabs.
Estrada, Ernesto
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A generalization of the random geometric graph (RGG) model is proposed by considering a set of points uniformly and independently distributed on a rectangle of unit area instead of on a unit square \\left[0,1\\right]^{2}. The topological properties, such as connectivity, average degree, average path length and clustering, of the random rectangular graphs (RRGs) generated by this model are then studied as a function of the rectangle sides lengths a and b=1/a, and the radius r used to connect the nodes. When a=1 we recover the RGG, and when a\\rightarrow\\infty the very elongated rectangle generated resembles a one-dimensional RGG. We provided computational and analytical evidence that the topological properties of the RRG differ significantly from those of the RGG. The connectivity of the RRG depends not only on the number of nodes as in the case of the RGG, but also on the side length of the rectangle. As the rectangle is more elongated the critical radius for connectivity increases following first a power-law an...
GRAPH III: a digitizing and graph plotting program
Selleck, C.B.
1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
GRAPH is an interactive program that allows the user to perform two functions. The first is to plot two dimensional graphs and the second is to digitize graphs or plots to create data files of points. The program is designed to allow the user to get results quickly and easily. It is written in RATIV (a FORTRAN preprocessor) and is currently in use at Sandia under VMS on a VAX computer and CTSS on a Cray supercomputer. The program provides graphical output through all of the Sandia Virtual Device Interface (VDI) graphics devices. 2 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.
Groundwater Protection 7 2007 Site environmental report7-
Groundwater Protection 7 2007 Site environmental report7- DRAFT Brookhaven National Laboratory's (BNL) Groundwater Protection Management Program is made up of four elements: prevention, monitoring to protect groundwater resources. An extensive groundwater monitoring well network is used to verify
Tools for Large Graph Mining Deepayan Chakrabarti
Tools for Large Graph Mining by Deepayan Chakrabarti Submitted to the Center for Automated Learning computer networks to sociology, biology, ecology and many more. How do such "normal" graphs look like? How-graph, which can be both weighted or unweighted. · Ecology: Food webs are self-graphs with each node
Contagious Sets in Random Graphs Uriel Feige
Contagious Sets in Random Graphs Uriel Feige Michael Krivelevich Daniel Reichman August 10, 2014. A contagious set is a set whose activation results with the entire graph being active. Given a graph G, let m(G, 2) be the minimal size of a contagious set. We consider the binomial random graph G := G(n, p
GRAPH THEORY STUDY GUIDE 1. Definitions
Cooper, Joshua N.
GRAPH THEORY STUDY GUIDE 1. Definitions Definition 1 (Partition of A). A set A = A1, ..., Ak. Definition 2 (Vertex set). The set of vertices in a graph denoted by V (G). Definition 3 (Edge set). The set of edges in a graph denoted by E(G). Definition 4 (Order). the number of vertices of a graph G written |G
Johan Kok; K. P. Chithra; N. K. Sudev; C. Susanth
2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
A \\textit{primitive hole} of a graph $G$ is a cycle of length $3$ in $G$. The number of primitive holes in a given graph $G$ is called the primitive hole number of that graph $G$. The primitive degree of a vertex $v$ of a given graph $G$ is the number of primitive holes incident on the vertex $v$. In this paper, we introduce the notion of set-graphs and study the properties and characteristics of set-graphs. We also check the primitive hole number and primitive degree of set-graphs. Interesting introductory results on the nature of order of set-graphs, degree of the vertices corresponding to subsets of equal cardinality, the number of largest complete subgraphs in a set-graph etc. are discussed in this study. A recursive formula to determine the primitive hole number of a set-graph is also derived in this paper.
Rainbow Connection Number of Graph Power and Graph Products
Basavaraju, Manu; Rajendraprasad, Deepak; Ramaswamy, Arunselvan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Rainbow connection number, $rc(G)$, of a connected graph G is the minimum number of colors needed to color its edges, so that every pair of vertices is connected by at least one path in which no two edges are colored the same. In this paper we study the rainbow connection number with respect to three important graph product operations (cartesian product, lexicographic product and strong product) and the operation of graph powering. More specifically we show the following: (Here, $r(G)$ denotes the radius of $G$, an obvious lower bound for $rc(G)$) (1.) For a connected graph $G$, let $G^{k}$ be the k-th power of $G$. We show that for $k \\ge 2$, $r(G^{k}) \\le rc(G^{k}) \\le 2r(G^{k}) + 1$. The upper bound is tight up to an additive constant of 1. (2.) For two-connected, non-trivial graphs $G$ and $H$, let $G \\Box H$ be the Cartesian Product of $G$ and $H$. We show that $r(G \\Box H) \\le rc(G \\Box H)$ $\\le$ $2r(G \\Box H)$. The bound is tight. (3.) For two graphs $G$ and $H$ such that $G$ is a connected, non-trivia...
Water Budget Analysis and Groundwater Inverse Modeling
Farid Marandi, Sayena
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
The thesis contains two studies: First is the water budget analysis using the groundwater modeling and next is the groundwater modeling using the MCMC scheme. The case study for the water budget analysis was the Norman Landfill site in Oklahoma...
Groundwater Monitoring Well Installation Work Plan
Groundwater Monitoring Well Installation Work Plan CSMRI Site Prepared for: Colorado School;CSMRI Site Groundwater Monitoring Well Installation Work Plan December 6, 2006 Page ii Table of Contents
Energy Boom andEnergy Boom and Groundwater BustGroundwater Bust
Keller, Arturo A.
Wastewater, reuse reservoir storage evaporative demand energy for pumping lift, distribution treatment water represents 1/3 of municipal energy budgets groundwater irrigation is a large % of total;Global Groundwater BoomGlobal Groundwater Boom Groundwater Irrigation Ranking 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8
Groundwater is not a Common-Pool resource: Ordering sustainability issues of groundwater use
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Groundwater is not a Common-Pool resource: Ordering sustainability issues of groundwater use linked to groundwater use. First, it shows that the debate on the traditional indicator to assess and ecological impacts happen before stock impacts that reduce availability of groundwater for current and future
Approximate Graph Products Marc Hellmutha
Stadler, Peter F.
Approximate Graph Products Marc Hellmutha , Wilfried Imrichb , Werner Kl¨ocklb , Peter F. Stadlera or fingers) can vary independently of other traits, or Email addresses: marc@bioinf.uni-leipzig.de (Marc
Summing tree graphs at threshold
Brown, L.S. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))
1992-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
The solution of the classical field equation generates the sum of all tree graphs. We show that the classical equation reduces to an easily solved ordinary differential equation for certain multiparticle threshold amplitudes and compute these amplitudes.
Doing time : inducing temporal graphs
Bramsen, Philip James
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the problem of constructing a directed acyclic graph that encodes temporal relations found in a text. The unit of our analysis is a temporal segment, a fragment of text that maintains temporal coherence. The ...
Spatial Inference of Nitrate Concentrations in Groundwater
Woodard, Dawn B.
Spatial Inference of Nitrate Concentrations in Groundwater DAWN B. WOODARD, ROBERT L. WOLPERT in groundwater over the mid-Atlantic states, using measurements gathered during a pe- riod of ten years. A map- trations in air, pesticide concentrations in groundwater, or any other quantity that varies over
GROUNDWATER FLOW MODELS C. P. Kumar
Kumar, C.P.
GROUNDWATER FLOW MODELS C. P. Kumar Scientist `E1' National Institute of Hydrology Roorkee 247667 (Uttaranchal) 1.0 INTRODUCTION The use of groundwater models is prevalent in the field of environmental science, groundwater models are being applied to predict the transport of contaminants for risk evaluation. In general
Groundwater Remediation Strategy Using Global Optimization Algorithms
Neumaier, Arnold
Groundwater Remediation Strategy Using Global Optimization Algorithms Shreedhar Maskey1 ; Andreja Jonoski2 ; and Dimitri P. Solomatine3 Abstract: The remediation of groundwater contamination by pumping as decision variables. Groundwater flow and particle-tracking models MODFLOW and MODPATH and a GO tool GLOBE
CE 473/573 Groundwater Learning objectives
Rehmann, Chris
CE 473/573 Groundwater Fall 2009 Learning objectives While the goals of the class are quite general for various soil types and explain how sorting affects porosity. Explain how results from a groundwater model. Sketch and explain profiles of piezometric head. 7. Define groundwater divide and compute its properties
Modification ofregional groundwater regimes by land reclamation
Jiao, Jiu Jimmy
Modification ofregional groundwater regimes by land reclamation Jiu Jimmy Jiao Department of groundwater regime, in tum causing similar problems. This paper represents the first attempt to address the impact ofreclamation on groundwater regimes. It will be demonstrated that large-scale of reclamation
Groundwater use and salinization with grassland afforestation
Nacional de San Luis, Universidad
Groundwater use and salinization with grassland afforestation E S T E B A N G . J O B B A´ G Y *w salinization of groundwater and soils in afforested plots was associated with increased evapotranspiration and groundwater consumption by trees, with maximum salinization occurring on intermediately textured soils
Groundwater pumping and spatial externalities in agriculture
Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia
Groundwater pumping and spatial externalities in agriculture Lisa Pfeiffer and C.-Y. Cynthia Lin are potentially important causes of welfare loss. Using a unique spatial data set of groundwater users in western Kansas, we are able to empirically measure the physical and behavioral effects of groundwater pumping
1 INTRODUCTION The modular finitedifference groundwater flow
Russell, Thomas F.
1 INTRODUCTION The modular finitedifference groundwater flow model (MODFLOW) developed by the Udimensional groundwater systems (McDonald & Harbaugh, 1988, Harbaugh & McDonald, 1996). MOC3D is a solute is optimal for advection dominated systems, which are typical of many field problems involving groundwater
GROUNDWATER MAPPING AND ASSESSMENT IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
#12;GROUNDWATER MAPPING AND ASSESSMENT IN BRITISH COLUMBIA VOLUME II: Criteria and Guidelines DOE and Turner Groundwater Consultants P.O. Box 43001 Victoria, B.C. V8X 3G2 October 1993 #12;DISCLAIMER 3H7 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Introduction 1 Chapter 2 Basic Groundwater Concepts
Groundwater and geothermal: urban district heating applications
Mounts, R.; Frazier, A.; Wood, E.; Pyles, O.
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes how several cities use groundwater and geothermal energy in district heating systems. It begins with groundwater, introducing the basic technology and techniques of development, and describing two case studies of cities with groundwater-based district heating systems. The second half of the report consists of three case studies of cities with district heating systems using higher temperature geothermal resources.
3, 18091850, 2006 groundwater-surface
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
HESSD 3, 18091850, 2006 Measuring groundwater-surface water interactions: a review E. Kalbus et al System Sciences Measuring methods for groundwater, surface water and their interactions: a review E;HESSD 3, 18091850, 2006 Measuring groundwater-surface water interactions: a review E. Kalbus et al
Chemical Composition of Anthropogenically Influenced Groundwater
Vallino, Joseph J.
Chemical Composition of Anthropogenically Influenced Groundwater Jacqueline Gordon Brandeis of Biology 1 #12;ABSTRACT I examined the oxygen and nitrogen components of groundwater. I looked at groundwater from a pristine site, a human impacted site, and Title V treated wastewater. All of the water
groundwater nitrogen source identification and remediation
groundwater nitrogen source identification and remediation The Seymour Aquifer is a shallow aquifer, the Seymour Aquifer has the highest groundwater pollution potential of all the major aqui- fers in Texas drinking water standards. Potential sources of nitrate in groundwater include atmospheric deposi- tion
Groundwater in the Great Plains
Jensen, R.
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
supplies. More than half of all Americans and 95% of all persons in rural areas rely on groundwater as their primary source of drinking water. Throughout the United States and the world, vital aquifers supply irrigation and drinking water for many regions...
Removing High Explosives from Groundwater
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
LOS ALAMOS, N.M. – In an initiative supported by EM, Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Corrective Actions Program is addressing high explosive contamination in surface water and groundwater at a location this summer in the forests surrounding the laboratory.
Boyce, Scott Elliott
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to solve unconfined groundwater flow. Advances in Waterreduction of transient groundwater flow models: Applicationreduction of transient groundwater flow models: Application
Some algorithmic results in graph imbeddings
Joshi, Sanjay
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, is constructed by: 1. joining vertez us in graph G to vertez vr in H by an edge b, and 8. joining vertez uq in graph G to vertez vq in H by an edge V. The figure 2. 2 on the following page shows the double bar amalgamation of graphs Gq and Gq. We select a... vertex pair (un u2) in the graph Gq which are connected by an edge and similar vertex pair (vr, vq) on the graph Gz. The connecting bars b and b' join these two graphs at the selected vertices. 93 From the previous lemmas we can now prove, the mair...
Exploring the Graph of Graphs: Network Evolution and Centrality Distances
Pignolet, Yvonne Anne; Schmid, Stefan; Tredan, Gilles
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The topological structure of complex networks has fascinated researchers for several decades, and today we have a fairly good understanding of the types and reoccurring characteristics of many different complex networks. However, surprisingly little is known today about models to compare complex graphs, and quantitatively measure their similarity and dynamics. In the past a variety of node centralities, i.e., functions which assign values to nodes to represent their importance in the graph. Based on such centralities we propose a natural similarity measure for complex networks: the centrality distance $d_C$, the difference between two graphs with respect to a given node centrality $C$. Centrality distances can take the specific roles of the different nodes in the network into account, and have many interesting applications. As a case study, we investigate the evolution of networks with respect to centrality distances and their approximations based on closeness, betweenness, pagerank, clustering and degree cen...
On the Recognition of Four-Directional Orthogonal Ray Graphs
Felsner, Stefan
class of graphs is also known as grid intersection graphs (GIG), see [9]. The recognition of GIGs is NP
NONE
1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The continuous collection of groundwater data is a basic and necessary part of Lockeheed Martin Energy Systems` ORNL Environmental Restoration Area-Wide Groundwater Program. Continuous groundwater data consist primarily of continually recorded groundwater levels, and in some instances, specific conductivity, pH, and/or temperature measurements. These data will be collected throughout the ORNL site. This Work Plan (WP) addresses technical objectives, equipment requirements, procedures, documentation requirements, and technical instructions for the acquisition of the continuous groundwater data. Intent of this WP is to provide an approved document that meets all the necessary requirements while retaining the flexibility necessary to effectively address ORNL`s groundwater problems.
Polynomials associated with graph coloring and orientations
Humpert, Brandon Eugene
2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
We study colorings and orientations of graphs in two related contexts. Firstly, we generalize Stanley's chromatic symmetric function using the k-balanced colorings of Pretzel to create a new graph invariant. We show that ...
Minimal Spanning Trees with Conflict Graphs
symmetric conflict relations by means of an undirected conflict graph, where ..... International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer. Science ...
On semidefinite programming bounds for graph bandwidth
Etienne De Klerk
2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 6, 2011 ... Keywords: Graph bandwidth, cyclic bandwidth, semidefinite programming, quadratic assignment problem. Category 1: Linear, Cone and ...
ALGORITHMS FOR EMBEDDING GRAPHS IN BOOKS
North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of
investigate the problem ol embedding graphs in boob. A book is some number or half- planes (the page
Effecting Parallel Graph Eigensolvers Through Library Composition
Lumsdaine, Andrew
is not possible in general. Conventional linear algebra libraries cannot operate on graph data types. Likewise exploitation of this duality. Graph libraries and matrix libraries use different data types, and despiteEffecting Parallel Graph Eigensolvers Through Library Composition Alex Breuer, Peter Gottschling
Graph Decompositions and Secret Sharing Schemes 1
Stinson, Douglas
Graph Decompositions and Secret Sharing Schemes 1 C. Blundo and A. De Santis Dipartimento di In this paper, we continue a study of secret sharing schemes for access structures based on graphs. Given a graph G, we require that a subset of participants can compute a secret key if they contain an edge of G
The Joys of Graph Transformation Arend Rensink
Rensink, Arend
The Joys of Graph Transformation Arend Rensink Department of Computer Science, University of Twente, the things being changed are graphs. A fundamental assumption in studying such changes, the handbook [21] is a 1 #12;Figure 1: Two graphs with a matching good source); rather, we want to illustrate
A heuristic algorithm for graph isomorphism
Torres Navarro, Luz
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
polynomial time algorithm O(n?), ISO-MT, that seems' to solve the graph isomorphism decision problem correctly for all classes of graphs. Our algorithm is extremely useful from the practical point of view since counter examples (pairs of graphs for which our...
A heuristic algorithm for graph isomorphism
Torres Navarro, Luz
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
polynomial time algorithm O(n?), ISO-MT, that seems' to solve the graph isomorphism decision problem correctly for all classes of graphs. Our algorithm is extremely useful from the practical point of view since counter examples (pairs of graphs for which our...
Situ treatment of contaminated groundwater
McNab, Jr., Walt W. (Concord, CA); Ruiz, Roberto (Tracy, CA); Pico, Tristan M. (Livermore, CA)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A system for treating dissolved halogenated organic compounds in groundwater that relies upon electrolytically-generated hydrogen to chemically reduce the halogenated compounds in the presence of a suitable catalyst. A direct current is placed across at least a pair, or an array, of electrodes which are housed within groundwater wells so that hydrogen is generated at the cathode and oxygen at the anode. A pump is located within the well housing in which the cathode(s) is(are) located and draws in groundwater where it is hydrogenated via electrolysis, passes through a well-bore treatment unit, and then transported to the anode well(s) for reinjection into the ground. The well-bore treatment involves a permeable cylinder located in the well bore and containing a packed bed of catalyst material that facilitates the reductive dehalogenation of the halogenated organic compounds by hydrogen into environmentally benign species such as ethane and methane. Also, electro-osmatic transport of contaminants toward the cathode also contributes to contaminant mass removal. The only above ground equipment required are the transfer pipes and a direct circuit power supply for the electrodes. The electrode wells in an array may be used in pairs or one anode well may be used with a plurality of cathode wells. The DC current flow between electrode wells may be periodically reversed which controls the formation of mineral deposits in the alkaline cathode well-bore water, as well as to help rejuvenate the catalysis.
Mercury Geochemical, Groundwater Geochemical, And Radiometric...
Mercury Geochemical, Groundwater Geochemical, And Radiometric Geophysical Signatures At Three Geothermal Prospects In Northern Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...
Agency of Natural Resources Groundwater Withdrawal Reporting...
Agency of Natural Resources Groundwater Withdrawal Reporting and Permitting Rules Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...
Compendium of ordinances for groundwater protection
Not Available
1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Groundwater is an extremely important resource in the Tennessee Valley. Nearly two-thirds of the Tennessee Valley's residents rely, at least in part, on groundwater supplies for drinking water. In rural areas, approximately ninety-five percent of residents rely on groundwater for domestic supplies. Population growth and economic development increase the volume and kinds of wastes requiring disposal which can lead to groundwater contamination. In addition to disposal which can lead to groundwater contamination. In addition to disposal problems associated with increases in conventional wastewater and solid waste, technological advancements in recent decades have resulted in new chemicals and increased usage in agriculture, industry, and the home. Unfortunately, there has not been comparable progress in identifying the potential long-term effects of these chemicals, in managing them to prevent contamination of groundwater, or in developing treatment technologies for removing them from water once contamination has occurred. The challenge facing residence of the Tennessee Valley is to manage growth and economic and technological development in ways that will avoid polluting the groundwater resource. Once groundwater has been contaminated, cleanup is almost always very costly and is sometimes impractical or technically infeasible. Therefore, prevention of contamination -- not remedial treatment--is the key to continued availability of usable groundwater. This document discusses regulations to aid in this prevention.
Probabilistic evaluation of shallow groundwater resources at...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Probabilistic evaluation of shallow groundwater resources at a hypothetical carbon sequestration site Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Probabilistic evaluation of shallow...
Wu, Yih-Min
Significant coherence for groundwater and Rayleigh waves: Evidence in spectral response of groundwater level in Taiwan using 2011 Tohoku earthquake, Japan David Ching-Fang Shih a, , Yih-Min Wu b-in-Chief, with the assistance of Fritz Stauffer, Associate Editor Keywords: Groundwater Seismic Earthquake Rayleigh waves
GEOL4850 (GEOL5850) Groundwater Hydrology University of North Texas
Pan, Feifei
GEOL4850 (GEOL5850) Groundwater Hydrology University of North Texas Department of Geography Spring characteristics, homogeneity and isotropy 4. Soil moisture and groundwater recharge ---soil moisture, unsaturated flow, infiltration, evapotranspiration and recharge 5. Principles of groundwater flow ---hydraulic head
A UNIFIED NUMERICAL MODEL FOR SATURATED-UNSATURATED GROUNDWATER FLOW
Narasimhan, T.N.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Saturated-Unsaturated Groundwater Flow Ph.D. Dissertation in~ " Fundamental principles of groundwater flow uv e in Flowunsaturated flow in a groundwater basi.n 11 9 Hater
Model Reduction and Parameter Estimation in Groundwater Modeling
Siade, Adam
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Uncon?ned Groundwater Model Reduction via Proper Orthogonalvi List of Figures One-dimensional groundwater ?owQuadratic Programming 3.1 Con?ned aquifer groundwater ?ow
Guidance for Environmental Background Analysis Volume III: Groundwater
Guidance for Environmental Background Analysis Volume III: Groundwater Prepared for: Naval This guidance document provides instructions for characterizing groundwater background conditions and comparing datasets representing groundwater impacted by an actual or potential chemical release to appropriate
TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS
Wolf, Aaron
TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS By Kyoko........................................................................................................................................ 1 2. The Notion of Transboundary Groundwater................................................................................... 3 3. Evolution of International Groundwater Management in Environmental Law
Groundwater Protection 7 2008 Site environmental report7-
Groundwater Protection 7 2008 Site environmental report7- The Brookhaven National Laboratory Groundwater Protection Program is made up of four elements: prevention, monitoring, restoration, and communication. The Laboratory has implemented aggressive pollution prevention measures to protect groundwater
CHLORINATED SOLVENTS TRANSPORT AND NATURAL ATTENUATION MODELING IN GROUNDWATER
Boyer, Edmond
CHLORINATED SOLVENTS TRANSPORT AND NATURAL ATTENUATION MODELING IN GROUNDWATER F. QUIOT1 , C.Goblet@ensmp.fr Keywords : numerical model, groundwater contamination, chlorinated solvents, natural atténuation atténuation models to predict transport and fate of chlorinated solvents in saturated groundwater Systems
Groundwater Protection 7 2009 Site environmental report7-
Groundwater Protection 7 2009 Site environmental report7- DRAFT The Brookhaven National Laboratory Groundwater Protection Program is made up of four elements: prevention, monitoring, restoration, and communication. The Laboratory has implemented aggressive pollution prevention measures to protect groundwater
Groundwater Protection 7 2005 Site environmental report7-
Groundwater Protection 7 2005 Site environmental report7- Brookhaven National Laboratory's Groundwater Protection Management Program is made up of four elements: prevention, monitoring, restoration, and communication. The Laboratory has implemented aggressive pollution prevention measures to protect groundwater
Groundwater Protection 7 2012 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT7-1
Groundwater Protection 7 2012 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT7-1 Brookhaven National Laboratory has implemented aggressive pollution prevention measures to protect groundwater resources. An extensive groundwater monitoring well network is used to verify that prevention and restoration activities are effective
Coupling Groundwater Modeling with Biology to Identify Strategic Water Resources
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Coupling Groundwater Modeling with Biology to Identify Strategic Water Resources Didier Graillot 1 ABSTRACT The identification of hydraulic interactions between rivers and groundwater is part and parcel hinders groundwater modeling everywhere and simulating water management scenarios in every place
Groundwater Resources Assessment under the Pressures of Humanity
1 GRAPHIC GRAPHIC Groundwater Resources Assessment under the Pressures of Humanity and Climate Changes Aframeworkdocument GRAPHICSeriesN°2 .................. #12;2 Groundwater Resources Assessment groundwater management considering projected climate change and linked human effects. GRAPHIC provides
Groundwater Protection 7 2013 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT7-1
Groundwater Protection 7 2013 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT7-1 Brookhaven National Laboratory has implemented aggressive pollution prevention measures to protect groundwater resources. An extensive groundwater monitoring well network is used to verify that prevention and restoration activities are effective
Groundwater Protection 7 2006 Site environmental report7-
Groundwater Protection 7 2006 Site environmental report7- DRAFT Brookhaven National Laboratory's Groundwater Protection Management Program is made up of four elements: prevention, monitoring, restoration, and communication. The Laboratory has implemented aggressive pollution prevention measures to protect groundwater
Groundwater Protection 7 2011 Site environmental report7-1
Groundwater Protection 7 2011 Site environmental report7-1 Brookhaven National Laboratory has implemented aggressive pollution prevention measures to protect groundwater resources. An extensive groundwater monitoring well network is used to verify that prevention and restoration activities are effective
Constrained Graph Optimization: Interdiction and Preservation Problems
Schild, Aaron V [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
The maximum flow, shortest path, and maximum matching problems are a set of basic graph problems that are critical in theoretical computer science and applications. Constrained graph optimization, a variation of these basic graph problems involving modification of the underlying graph, is equally important but sometimes significantly harder. In particular, one can explore these optimization problems with additional cost constraints. In the preservation case, the optimizer has a budget to preserve vertices or edges of a graph, preventing them from being deleted. The optimizer wants to find the best set of preserved edges/vertices in which the cost constraints are satisfied and the basic graph problems are optimized. For example, in shortest path preservation, the optimizer wants to find a set of edges/vertices within which the shortest path between two predetermined points is smallest. In interdiction problems, one deletes vertices or edges from the graph with a particular cost in order to impede the basic graph problems as much as possible (for example, delete edges/vertices to maximize the shortest path between two predetermined vertices). Applications of preservation problems include optimal road maintenance, power grid maintenance, and job scheduling, while interdiction problems are related to drug trafficking prevention, network stability assessment, and counterterrorism. Computational hardness results are presented, along with heuristic methods for approximating solutions to the matching interdiction problem. Also, efficient algorithms are presented for special cases of graphs, including on planar graphs. The graphs in many of the listed applications are planar, so these algorithms have important practical implications.
Balakrishnan, Krishnachandran
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Morris, B L, et al. 2003. Groundwater and its susceptibilityG. et al. 2007. Groundwater Use in a Global Perspective –management of the state’s Groundwater Resources, Report from
Groundwater Sampling At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Cox...
Groundwater Sampling At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Cox & Thomas, 1979) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Groundwater...
LM Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Wyoming...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
LM Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Wyoming, in Response to 2010 Flood LM Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Wyoming, in Response to...
Recommendation 222: Recommendations on Additional Off-site Groundwater...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
2: Recommendations on Additional Off-site Groundwater Migration Studies Recommendation 222: Recommendations on Additional Off-site Groundwater Migration Studies ORSSAB recommends...
Soil and Groundwater Cleanup - In-Situ Grouting, Lessons Learned...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Soil and Groundwater Cleanup - In-Situ Grouting, Lessons Learned (Post CD-4), Environmental Management Cleanup, May 2011 Soil and Groundwater Cleanup - In-Situ Grouting, Lessons...
Lamplighter groups, de Bruijn graphs, spider-web graphs and their spectra
Rostislav Grigorchuk; Paul-Henry Leemann; Tatiana Nagnibeda
2015-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
We describe the infinite family of spider-web graphs $S_{k,M,N }$, $k \\geq 2$, $M \\geq 1$ and $N \\geq 0$, studied in physical literature as tensor products of well-known de Brujin graphs $B_{k,N}$ and cyclic graphs $C_M$ and show that these graphs are Schreier graphs of the lamplighter groups $L_k = Z/kZ \\wr Z$. This allows us to compute their spectra and to identify the infinite limit of $S_{k,M,N}$, as $N, M \\to\\infty$, with the Cayley graph of the lamplighter group $L_k$.
Groundwater Database | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362 334 318Cubic Feet)893 725 718 679DecemberContactWasteEmployee ServicesGreen LeasesGroundwater
In situ bioremediation of petrol contaminated groundwater
Blouin-Demers, Gabriel
21/11/08 1 In situ bioremediation of petrol contaminated groundwater Guido Miguel Delgadillo EVS and facts · Likelihood of contamination · Benefits of in situ bioremediation So... Ask not what groundwater · Intrinsic BR vs. Engineered BR Anaerobic Bioremediation (1) Background · Anaerobic conditions most likely
PARAMETER ESTIMATION IN PETROLEUM AND GROUNDWATER MODELING
Ewing, Richard E.
PARAMETER ESTIMATION IN PETROLEUM AND GROUNDWATER MODELING R.E. Ewing, M.S. Pilant, J.G. Wade the location and subsequent remediation of contaminants in groundwater to the optimization of production on grand challenge problems. In today's petroleum industry, reservoir simulators are routinely used
Procedures for ground-water investigations
Not Available
1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This manual was developed by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to document the procedures used to carry out and control the technical aspects of ground-water investigations at the PNL. Ground-water monitoring procedures are developed and used in accordance with the PNL Quality Assurance Program.
Birkholzer, Jens; Zhou, Quanlin; Rutqvist, Jonny; Jordan, Preston; Zhang, K.; Tsang, Chin-Fu
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
storage on shallow groundwater and pressure-controlled72 5.2. Modeling of Regional Groundwater2 Geological Storage and Groundwater Resources Large-Scale
Models of random graph hierarchies
Paluch, Robert; Holyst, Janusz
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce two models of inclusion hierarchies: Random Graph Hierarchy (RGH) and Limited Random Graph Hierarchy (LRGH). In both models a set of nodes at a given hierarchy level is connected randomly, as in the Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'{e}nyi random graph, with a fixed average degree equal to a system parameter $c$. Clusters of the resulting network are treated as nodes at the next hierarchy level and they are connected again at this level and so on, until the process cannot continue. In the RGH model we use all clusters, including those of size $1$, when building the next hierarchy level, while in the LRGH model clusters of size $1$ stop participating in further steps. We find that in both models the number of nodes at a given hierarchy level $h$ decreases approximately exponentially with $h$. The height of the hierarchy $H$, i.e. the number of all hierarchy levels, increases logarithmically with the system size $N$, i.e. with the number of nodes at the first level. The height $H$ decreases monotonically with the conne...
On graphs whose Laplacian matrix's multipartite separability is invariant under graph isomorphism
Chai Wah Wu
2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
Normalized Laplacian matrices of graphs have recently been studied in the context of quantum mechanics as density matrices of quantum systems. Of particular interest is the relationship between quantum physical properties of the density matrix and the graph theoretical properties of the underlying graph. One important aspect of density matrices is their entanglement properties, which are responsible for many nonintuitive physical phenomena. The entanglement property of normalized Laplacian matrices is in general not invariant under graph isomorphism. In recent papers, graphs were identified whose entanglement and separability properties are invariant under isomorphism. The purpose of this note is to characterize the set of graphs whose separability is invariant under graph isomorphism. In particular, we show that this set consists of $K_{2,2}$, $\\overline{K_{2,2}}$ and all complete graphs.
A Feasible Graph Partition Framework for Random Walks Implemented by Parallel Computing in Big Graph
Liu, Xiaoming; Guan, Xiaohong
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Graph partition is a fundamental problem of parallel computing for big graph data. Many graph partition algorithms have been proposed to solve the problem in various applications, such as matrix computations and PageRank, etc., but none has pay attention to random walks. Random walks is a widely used method to explore graph structure in lots of fields. The challenges of graph partition for random walks include the large number of times of communication between partitions, lots of replications of the vertices, unbalanced partition, etc. In this paper, we propose a feasible graph partition framework for random walks implemented by parallel computing in big graph. The framework is based on two optimization functions to reduce the bandwidth, memory and storage cost in the condition that the load balance is guaranteed. In this framework, several greedy graph partition algorithms are proposed. We also propose five metrics from different perspectives to evaluate the performance of these algorithms. By running the al...
Multipartite separability of Laplacian matrices of graphs
Chai Wah Wu
2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, Braunstein et al. [1] introduced normalized Laplacian matrices of graphs as density matrices in quantum mechanics and studied the relationships between quantum physical properties and graph theoretical properties of the underlying graphs. We provide further results on the multipartite separability of Laplacian matrices of graphs. In particular, we identify complete bipartite graphs whose normalized Laplacian matrix is multipartite entangled under any vertex labeling. Furthermore, we give conditions on the vertex degrees such that there is a vertex labeling under which the normalized Laplacian matrix is entangled. These results address an open question raised in [1]. Finally, we extend some of the results in [1,2] to the multipartite case and show that the Laplacian matrix of any product of graphs (strong, Cartesian, tensor, categorical, etc.) is multipartite separable.
Fast generation of sparse random kernel graphs
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Hagberg, Aric; Lemons, Nathan; Du, Wen -Bo
2015-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
The development of kernel-based inhomogeneous random graphs has provided models that are flexible enough to capture many observed characteristics of real networks, and that are also mathematically tractable. We specify a class of inhomogeneous random graph models, called random kernel graphs, that produces sparse graphs with tunable graph properties, and we develop an efficient generation algorithm to sample random instances from this model. As real-world networks are usually large, it is essential that the run-time of generation algorithms scales better than quadratically in the number of vertices n. We show that for many practical kernels our algorithm runs in timemore »at most ?(n(logn)²). As an example, we show how to generate samples of power-law degree distribution graphs with tunable assortativity.« less
Counting matchings in irregular bipartite graphs
Marc Lelarge
2015-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
We give a sharp lower bound on the number of matchings of a given size in a bipartite graph. When specialized to regular bipartite graphs, our results imply Friedland's Lower Matching Conjecture and Schrijver's theorem. It extends the recent work of Csikv\\'ari done for regular and bi-regular bipartite graphs. Moreover, our lower bounds are order optimal as they are attained for a sequence of $2$-lifts of the original graph. We then extend our results to permaments and subpermanents sums. For permanents, we are able to recover the lower bound of Schrijver recently proved by Gurvits using stable polynomials. We provide new lower bounds for subpermanents sums. Our proof borrows ideas from the theory of local weak convergence of graphs, statistical physics and covers of graphs.
Graphs in machine learning: an introduction
Latouche, Pierre
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Graphs are commonly used to characterise interactions between objects of interest. Because they are based on a straightforward formalism, they are used in many scientific fields from computer science to historical sciences. In this paper, we give an introduction to some methods relying on graphs for learning. This includes both unsupervised and supervised methods. Unsupervised learning algorithms usually aim at visualising graphs in latent spaces and/or clustering the nodes. Both focus on extracting knowledge from graph topologies. While most existing techniques are only applicable to static graphs, where edges do not evolve through time, recent developments have shown that they could be extended to deal with evolving networks. In a supervised context, one generally aims at inferring labels or numerical values attached to nodes using both the graph and, when they are available, node characteristics. Balancing the two sources of information can be challenging, especially as they can disagree locally or globall...
Maximum Estrada Index of Bicyclic Graphs
Wang, Long; Wang, Yi
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Let $G$ be a simple graph of order $n$, let $\\lambda_1(G),\\lambda_2(G),...,\\lambda_n(G)$ be the eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of $G$. The Esrada index of $G$ is defined as $EE(G)=\\sum_{i=1}^{n}e^{\\lambda_i(G)}$. In this paper we determine the unique graph with maximum Estrada index among bicyclic graphs with fixed order.
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 34 (2014) 287307
Al Hanbali, Ahmad
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
FOR TRACEABILITY OF BLOCK-CHAINS Binlong Lia,b1, Hajo Broersmab and Shenggui Zhanga2 a Department of Applied at least n-1 in G. A block-chain is a graph whose block graph is a path, i.e., it is either a P1, P2, every traceable graph is a block-chain, but the reverse does not hold. In this paper we characterize all
Nuclear reactor multiphysics via bond graph formalism
Sosnovsky, Eugeny
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This work proposes a simple and effective approach to modeling nuclear reactor multiphysics problems using bond graphs. Conventional multiphysics simulation paradigms normally use operator splitting, which treats the ...
Generation of graph-state streams
Daniel Ballester; Jaeyoon Cho; M. S. Kim
2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a protocol to generate a stream of mobile qubits in a graph state through a single stationary parent qubit and discuss two types of its physical implementation, namely, the generation of photonic graph states through an atom-like qubit and those of flying atoms through a cavity-mode photonic qubit. The generated graph states fall into an important class that can hugely reduce the resource requirement of fault-tolerant linear optics quantum computation, which was previously known to be far from realistic. In regard to the flying atoms, we also propose a heralded generation scheme, which allows for high-fidelity graph states even under the photon loss.
Spectral statistics of nearly unidirectional quantum graphs
Maram Akila; Boris Gutkin
2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
The energy levels of a quantum graph with time reversal symmetry and unidirectional classical dynamics are doubly degenerate and obey the spectral statistics of the Gaussian Unitary Ensemble. These degeneracies, however, are lifted when the unidirectionality is broken in one of the graph's vertices by a singular perturbation. Based on a Random Matrix model we derive an analytic expression for the nearest neighbour distribution between energy levels of such systems. As we demonstrate the result agrees excellently with the actual statistics for graphs with a uniform distribution of eigenfunctions. Yet, it exhibits quite substantial deviations for classes of graphs which show strong scarring.
Graph algorithms in the titan toolkit.
McLendon, William Clarence, III; Wylie, Brian Neil
2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Graph algorithms are a key component in a wide variety of intelligence analysis activities. The Graph-Based Informatics for Non-Proliferation and Counter-Terrorism project addresses the critical need of making these graph algorithms accessible to Sandia analysts in a manner that is both intuitive and effective. Specifically we describe the design and implementation of an open source toolkit for doing graph analysis, informatics, and visualization that provides Sandia with novel analysis capability for non-proliferation and counter-terrorism.
Spectral statistics of nearly unidirectional quantum graphs
Maram Akila; Boris Gutkin
2015-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
The energy levels of a quantum graph with time reversal symmetry and unidirectional classical dynamics are doubly degenerate and obey the spectral statistics of the Gaussian Unitary Ensemble. These degeneracies, however, are lifted when the unidirectionality is broken in one of the graph's vertices by a singular perturbation. Based on a Random Matrix model we derive an analytic expression for the nearest neighbour distribution between energy levels of such systems. As we demonstrate the result agrees excellently with the actual statistics for graphs with a uniform distribution of eigenfunctions. Yet, it exhibits quite substantial deviations for classes of graphs which show strong scarring.
3D Graph Visualization with the Oculus Rift Virtual Graph Reality
Wismath, Stephen
reality environment such as a CAVE, or · printed as a physical model with a 3D printer. Early studies3D Graph Visualization with the Oculus Rift Virtual Graph Reality Farshad Barahimi, Stephen Wismath regarding three- dimensional (3D) representations of graphs. However, the actual usefulness of such 3D
Graph-Theoretic Generation of Assembly Plans Part I: Correct Generation of Precedence Graphs
Wu, David
1 Graph-Theoretic Generation of Assembly Plans Part I: Correct Generation of Precedence Graphs Lehigh University Bethlehem, Pennsylvania Abstract Automatic generation and selection of assembly plans a graph-theoretic scheme for the generation of assembly plans. Our scheme involves decomposing the CSP
Geochemical evolution of Mexicali Valley groundwaters
Makdisi, R.S.; Truesdell, A.H.; Thompson, J.M.; Coplen, T.B.; Sanchez R., J.
1982-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
Isotopic and chemical compositions of Mexicali Valley groundwaters vary widely. Observed variations reflect different water origins, mineral-water reactions, lateral variations of delta facies as well as evaporation. Regional treatment of the groundwater data shows that northern and central regions are a mixture of old and new Colorado River water. Variations in water chemistry result from different groundwaters origins and the effects of lateral delta facies changes. Dissolution of gypsum and precipitation of carbonates, silicates, and phosphates are suggested. The eastern Mesa de San Luis and southern region water originates primarily from the Gila River catchment area. This water is undersaturated with respect to gypsum and carbonates and is oversaturated with respect to silicates. Most of the western groundwaters are a mixture of Colorado River and geothermal waters in the proximity of the Cerro Prieto geothermal field. Recharge to the geothermal aquifer is from the west as well as the north and east. Calcite is being precipitated out as the groundwater temperatures rise in response to the geothermal anomaly. Other western groundwaters reflect a dominant mixture of Colorado River water and evaporated lake water. Some Western groundwater samples suggest dilution by local rainwater and/or irrigation water.
The Groundwater Performance Assessment Project Quality Assurance Plan
Walker, Thomas G.
2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the groundwater project.
GEOL4850 (GEOL5850) Groundwater Hydrology University of North Texas
Pan, Feifei
GEOL4850 (GEOL5850) Groundwater Hydrology University of North Texas Department of Geography Spring and potentiometric surface maps, aquifer characteristics, homogeneity and isotropy 4. Soil moisture and groundwater of groundwater flow ---hydraulic head, Darcy's law, equations of groundwater flow in confined and unconfined
Regionally compartmented groundwater flow on Mars Keith P. Harrison1
Harrison, Keith
Regionally compartmented groundwater flow on Mars Keith P. Harrison1 and Robert E. Grimm1 Received] Groundwater flow on Mars likely contributed to the formation of several types of morphologic and mineralogic of groundwater flow required for their formation. For groundwater simulation purposes, a global Martian aquifer
GEOL4850 (GEOL5850) Groundwater Hydrology University of North Texas
Pan, Feifei
GEOL4850 (GEOL5850) Groundwater Hydrology University of North Texas Department of Geography Fall surface maps, aquifer characteristics, homogeneity and isotropy 4. Soil moisture and groundwater recharge of groundwater flow ---hydraulic head, Darcy's law, equations of groundwater flow in confined and unconfined
GROUNDWATER DATA REQUIREMENT AND ANALYSIS C. P. Kumar
Kumar, C.P.
GROUNDWATER DATA REQUIREMENT AND ANALYSIS C. P. Kumar National Institute of Hydrology Roorkee 1.0 INTRODUCTION Groundwater is used for a variety of purposes, including irrigation, drinking, and manufacturing. Groundwater is also the source of a large percentage of surface water. To verify that groundwater is suited
MANAGEMENT OF GROUNDWATER IN SALT WATER INGRESS COASTAL AQUIFERS
Kumar, C.P.
MANAGEMENT OF GROUNDWATER IN SALT WATER INGRESS COASTAL AQUIFERS C. P. Kumar Scientist `E1 dealing with exploitation, restoration and management of fresh groundwater in coastal aquifers, the key is disturbed by groundwater withdrawals and other human activities that lower groundwater levels, reduce fresh
Pu#ng Groundwater into Agro-IBIS
Pu#ng Groundwater into Agro-IBIS Evren Soylu Chris Kucharik Steve Loheide step Coupling of Agro-IBIS and a 3-D groundwater model · Conclusions #12;Why the RepresentaCon of Groundwater is Important? · Groundwater runoff is a dominant
Groundwater Protection 7 2004 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT7-1
Groundwater Protection 7 2004 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT7-1 DRAFT 7.1 THE BNL GROUNDWATER PROTECTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM The primary goal of BNL's Groundwater Protection Management Program is to ensure that plans for groundwater protection, man- agement, monitoring, and restoration are fully defined
Lab 13: Groundwater --Water Supplies at Peril Introduction
Chen, Po
1 Lab 13: Groundwater -- Water Supplies at Peril Introduction Although hidden from view, groundwater like surface water moves under the influence of gravity. Knowing how groundwater moves is important because it helps identify areas were groundwater is recharged and the possible path
GROUNDWATER PROTECTION 1997 BNL Site Environmental Report 8 -1
GROUNDWATER PROTECTION 1997 BNL Site Environmental Report 8 - 1 Chapter 8 GROUNDWATER PROTECTION Groundwater protection at BNL is addressed by both prevention and minimization environmen- tal emissions, and active remediation in areas where past operations have impacted groundwater quality. All remediation work
Burn site groundwater interim measures work plan.
Witt, Jonathan L. (North Wind, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID); Hall, Kevin A. (North Wind, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID)
2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This Work Plan identifies and outlines interim measures to address nitrate contamination in groundwater at the Burn Site, Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico. The New Mexico Environment Department has required implementation of interim measures for nitrate-contaminated groundwater at the Burn Site. The purpose of interim measures is to prevent human or environmental exposure to nitrate-contaminated groundwater originating from the Burn Site. This Work Plan details a summary of current information about the Burn Site, interim measures activities for stabilization, and project management responsibilities to accomplish this purpose.
Nevada Test Site Groundwater Well Rehabilitation Plan
David B. Hudson
2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This plan describes actions to improve the utility and credibility of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) interim groundwater monitoring program. The two principal actions are: (1) well maintenance/rehabilitation activities and (2) the deployment of dedicated low-cost and reliable jack-pumps for groundwater sampling from deep monitoring wells. The scope of this proposal is to perform these actions on some number of nine selected wells (Figure 1) to evaluate whether these actions are achievable, practical, cost effective, and result in improved groundwater data quality.
Groundwater Data Package for Hanford Assessments
Thorne, Paul D.; Bergeron, Marcel P.; Williams, Mark D.; Freedman, Vicky L.
2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents data and interpreted information that supports the groundwater module of the System Assessment Capability (SAC) used in Hanford Assessments. The objective of the groundwater module is to predict movement of radioactive and chemical contaminants through the aquifer to the Columbia River or other potential discharge locations. This data package is being revised as part of the deliverables under the Characterization of Systems Project (#49139) aimed at providing documentation for assessments being conducted under the Hanford Assessments Project (#47042). Both of these projects are components of the Groundwater Remediation and Closure Assessments Projects, managed by the Management and Integration Project (#47043).
Brodie, E.L.; Joyner, D. C.; Faybishenko, B.; Conrad, M. E.; Rios-Velazquez, C.; Mork, B.; Willet, A.; Koenigsberg, S.; Herman, D.; Firestone, M. K.; Hazen, T. C.; Malave, Josue; Martinez, Ramon
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
To evaluate the efficacy of bioimmobilization of Cr(VI) in groundwater at the Department of Energy Hanford site, we conducted a series of microcosm experiments using a range of commercial electron donors with varying degrees of lactate polymerization (polylactate). These experiments were conducted using Hanford Formation sediments (coarse sand and gravel) immersed in Hanford groundwater, which were amended with Cr(VI) and several types of lactate-based electron donors (Hydrogen Release Compound, HRC; primer-HRC, pHRC; extended release HRC) and the polylactate-cysteine form (Metal Remediation Compound, MRC). The results showed that polylactate compounds stimulated an increase in bacterial biomass and activity to a greater extent than sodium lactate when applied at equivalent carbon concentrations. At the same time, concentrations of headspace hydrogen and methane increased and correlated with changes in the microbial community structure. Enrichment of Pseudomonas spp. occurred with all lactate additions, and enrichment of sulfate-reducing Desulfosporosinus spp. occurred with almost complete sulfate reduction. The results of these experiments demonstrate that amendment with the pHRC and MRC forms result in effective removal of Cr(VI) from solution most likely by both direct (enzymatic) and indirect (microbially generated reductant) mechanisms.
Sukop, Mike
GROUNDWATER FLOW AND TRANSPORT MODELING Application to Submarine Groundwater Discharge, Coastal, but is also lost to surface water drainage and potential submarine groundwater discharge. There are also to deal with issues such as submarine groundwater discharge and coastal wetland hydrology. SEAWAT also has
Nebraska-Lincoln, University of
Map Shows Groundwater Decline Slowed LINCOLN, Neb. -- Groundwater levels in Nebraska slowed director of the UNL Water Center, said that the groundwater level maps produced annually by SNR, or stable groundwater levels, with oranges and reds indicating declines and greens and blues showing
Star graphs and Seba billiards
G. Berkolaiko; E. B. Bogomolny; J. P. Keating
2000-10-26T23:59:59.000Z
We derive an exact expression for the two-point correlation function for quantum star graphs in the limit as the number of bonds tends to infinity. This turns out to be identical to the corresponding result for certain Seba billiards in the semiclassical limit. Reasons for this are discussed. The formula we derive is also shown to be equivalent to a series expansion for the form factor - the Fourier transform of the two-point correlation function - previously calculated using periodic orbit theory.
Groundwater Classification and Standards (North Carolina)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The rules established in this Subchapter 2L of North Carolina Administrative Code Title 15A are intended to maintain and preserve the quality of the groundwaters, prevent and abate pollution and...
Groundwater Cleanup Operational Changes Are Being Implemented...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
the Fernald Preserve, Ohio, Site-is being removed from the groundwater through a pump-and-treatment operation, which until this year, involved the operation of 23 extraction...
Nevada National Security Site Groundwater Program
None
2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
From 1951 to 1992, the Unites States government conducted 828 underground nuclear tests at the Nevada National Security Site. About one-third of these tests occurred near, below or within the water table - the very top portion of the groundwater layer where rock and soil are completely saturated with water. As a result, some groundwater was contaminated. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began exploring the effects of groundwater contamination in the 1970s. Though contamination from underground testing has never been detected on public land, the DOE was committed to developing an advanced, reliable monitoring network that ensures the long-term protection of the public. An intensive groundwater investigation program was launched in 1989.
Groundwater: Recharge is Not the Whole Story
Bredehoeft, John
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
files/documents/ Source_of_Water_Derived_from_Wells.pdf TóthDefinition of selected ground-water terms: revisions andU.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 1988. Washington,
A Count of Classical Field Theory Graphs
Gordon Chalmers
2005-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
A generating function is derived that counts the number of diagrams in an arbitrary scalar field theory. The number of graphs containing any number $n_j$ of $j$-point vertices is given. The count is also used to obtain the number of classical graphs in gauge theory and gravity.
A COLUMN GENERATION APPROACH FOR GRAPH COLORING
Grossmann, Ignacio E.
set in the graph). We use a column generation method for implicit optimization of the linear program based on an integer programming formulation of the graph coloring problem. This formulation, called is an assignment of labels to each vertex such that the endpoints of any edge have different labels. A minimum
Operational Equivalence of Graph Transformation Systems
Sarna-Starosta, Beata
Operational Equivalence of Graph Transformation Systems Frank Raiser and Thom FrÂ¨uhwirth Faculty. With the growing number of GTS- based applications the comparison of operational equivalence of two GTS becomes an important area of research. This work introduces a notion of operational equivalence for graph
On the spectra of simplicial rook graphs
Martin, Jeremy L.; Wagner, Jennifer D.
2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
The \\emph{simplicial rook graph} $\\SR(d,n)$ is the graph whose vertices are the lattice points in the $n$th dilate of the standard simplex in $\\mathbb{R}^d$, with two vertices adjacent if they differ in exactly two coordinates. We prove...
Small Alliances in Graphs Rodolfo Carvajal1
Fondements et Applications, Université Paris 7
Small Alliances in Graphs Rodolfo Carvajal1 , Mart´in Matamala1,2 , Ivan Rapaport1,2 , and Nicolas is a (strong defensive) alliance of G if every node in S has at least as many neighbors in S than in V \\S typically belong to small alliances. Despite the fact that finding the smallest alliance in a graph is NP
On terminal deltawye reducibility of planar graphs
Sagols, Feliú
On terminal deltawye reducibility of planar graphs Isidoro Gitler1 Feli´u Sagols2 Departamento de´exico City, D.F. igitler@math.cinvestav.mx fsagols@math.cinvestav.mx Abstract A graph is terminal - Y -reducible if it can be reduced to a set of terminal vertices by a sequence of series-parallel reductions
Sustainable Groundwater Management in the Arid Southwestern US: Coachella Valley, California
Thomas, BF; Famiglietti, JS; Famiglietti, JS; Famiglietti, JS
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A critical review of groundwater budget myth, safe yield andbetween precipitation, groundwater fluctuations, and lake2012) Towards sustainable groundwater use: setting long-term
Groundwater Surface Water Interactions in a Gold-mined Floodplain of the Merced River
Sullivan, Lynn Sager
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
J. A. Cherry, 1979. Groundwater. Prentice-Hall, Englewoodredd site selection, groundwater upwelling, and over-winterprocess between rivers and groundwater. Freshwater Biology.
Mukherjee, Monobina
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2647-2668. Surface and Groundwater. 2012. U.S. EnvironmentalEstimating the Value of Groundwater in Irrigation, SelectedAgricultural adaptation to groundwater and climate. NBER
Conrad, Mark E.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
trichloroethylene in groundwater through toluene injection.TSF-05) and Surrounding Groundwater Contamination (TSF-23)of Electron Donor to Groundwater Mark E. Conrad 1 , Eoin L.
Yeh, Pat J.-F.; Swenson, S. C; Famiglietti, J. S; Rodell, M.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
based monitoring of groundwater storage changes using GRACE:2006 Remote sensing of groundwater storage changes in2006. [ 1 ] Regional groundwater storage changes in Illinois
Soil type, crop and irrigation technique affect nitrogen leaching to groundwater
Letey, John; Vaughan, Peter
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Addressing Nitrates in Groundwater. Report to theSources and Loading to Groundwater, Technical Report 2,nitrogen leaching to groundwater by John Letey and Peter
Investigation of Groundwater Flow in Foothill and Mountain regions using Heat Flow measurements
Fogg, Graham E.; Trask, James C
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1965) Rates of Vertical Groundwater Movement Estimated fromCrystalline Rocks. Groundwater, Vol. 2, pp. 6-12. Dettinger,horizontal and vertical groundwater flow components. Water
Estimating groundwater storage changes in the Mississippi River basin (USA) using GRACE
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Estimating groundwater storage changes in the Mississippistorage, which includes groundwater, soil moisture, andmay be the only hope for groundwater depletion assessments
Soil suitability index identifies potential areas for groundwater banking on agricultural lands
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2015. California’s Groundwater Update 2013. A Compilation ofpotential areas for groundwater banking on agriculturaland Mike Walkinshaw Groundwater pumping chronically exceeds
Guidance document for groundwater protection needs assessments
Cobb, R.P.; Berg, R.C.; Wehrmann, H.A.
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this document is to serve as a guidebook for conducting Groundwater Protection Needs Assessments (GPNA). The intent of a GPNA is to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the groundwater protection measures necessary in order to assure a long-term supply of potable water that is not highly vulnerable to contamination. The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA), the Illinois State Geological Survey (ISGS) and the Illinois State Water Survey (ISWS) have developed the approach discussed for undertaking of GPNA.
Graph Mining Meets the Semantic Web
Lee, Sangkeun (Matt) [ORNL; Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL; Lim, Seung-Hwan [ORNL
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Resource Description Framework (RDF) and SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language (SPARQL) were introduced about a decade ago to enable flexible schema-free data interchange on the Semantic Web. Today, data scientists use the framework as a scalable graph representation for integrating, querying, exploring and analyzing data sets hosted at different sources. With increasing adoption, the need for graph mining capabilities for the Semantic Web has emerged. We address that need through implementation of three popular iterative Graph Mining algorithms (Triangle count, Connected component analysis, and PageRank). We implement these algorithms as SPARQL queries, wrapped within Python scripts. We evaluate the performance of our implementation on 6 real world data sets and show graph mining algorithms (that have a linear-algebra formulation) can indeed be unleashed on data represented as RDF graphs using the SPARQL query interface.
Clustering attributed graphs: models, measures and methods
Bothorel, Cecile; Magnani, Matteo; Micenkova, Barbora
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Clustering a graph, i.e., assigning its nodes to groups, is an important operation whose best known application is the discovery of communities in social networks. Graph clustering and community detection have traditionally focused on graphs without attributes, with the notable exception of edge weights. However, these models only provide a partial representation of real social systems, that are thus often described using node attributes, representing features of the actors, and edge attributes, representing different kinds of relationships among them. We refer to these models as attributed graphs. Consequently, existing graph clustering methods have been recently extended to deal with node and edge attributes. This article is a literature survey on this topic, organizing and presenting recent research results in a uniform way, characterizing the main existing clustering methods and highlighting their conceptual differences. We also cover the important topic of clustering evaluation and identify current open ...
Vienna Graph Template Library Version 1.0
Neumaier, Arnold
.1 Vienna Graph Template Library Modules Here is a list of all modules: Classes and types for external useVienna Graph Template Library Version 1.0 Reference Manual Hermann Schichl University of Vienna.2.14 #12;CONTENTS 1 Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Vienna Graph Template Library Module Index 2 3 Vienna Graph
Minimal comparability completions of arbitrary graphs Pinar Heggernes
Heggernes, Pinar
Minimal comparability completions of arbitrary graphs Pinar Heggernes Federico Mancini Charis for which completion of arbitrary graphs can be achieved through such a vertex incremental approach. 1 to an arbitrary graph is called a comparability completion of the input graph. Unfortunately, computing
What Energy Functions Can Be Minimized via Graph Cuts?
Field, David
What Energy Functions Can Be Minimized via Graph Cuts? Vladimir Kolmogorov, Member, IEEE, and Ramin been developed to solve energy minimization problems in computer vision. Each of these techniques constructs a graph such that the minimum cut on the graph also minimizes the energy. Yet, because these graph
Arumugam, Sankar
Improving Groundwater Predictions Utilizing Seasonal Precipitation Forecasts from General. The research reported in this paper evaluates the potential in developing 6-month-ahead groundwater Surface Temperature forecasts. Ten groundwater wells and nine streamgauges from the USGS Groundwater
Groundwater flow in heterogeneous composite C. L. Winter and Daniel M. Tartakovsky
Tartakovsky, Daniel M.
Groundwater flow in heterogeneous composite aquifers C. L. Winter and Daniel M. Tartakovsky Hydrology: Stochastic processes; 1829 Hydrology: Groundwater hydrology; 1832 Hydrology: Groundwater, upscaled, decomposition 1. Introduction [2] It has become common to quantify uncertainty in groundwater
A role for matrices in graph theory
McLean, John Patrick
1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Theory are well established areas in mathematics, much remains to be done in the standardization of notation and conventions. Thus we begin by defining terms to be used in this Thesis. 1. ) ~Gh 1'h By the directed graph G(X, r), or simply G, we mean... directed graph is said to be stronglb connected if for each pair of vertices x and x. , there is a path from xi to x ~ If Z is a subset of X and TZ is the subfunction of I' from Z into Z, then G'(Z, "Z) is a subgz'aph of G. The bi-partite graph G(X, Y...
Information inequalities and Generalized Graph Entropies
Sivakumar, Lavanya
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this article, we discuss the problem of establishing relations between information measures assessed for network structures. Two types of entropy based measures namely, the Shannon entropy and its generalization, the R\\'{e}nyi entropy have been considered for this study. Our main results involve establishing formal relationship, in the form of implicit inequalities, between these two kinds of measures when defined for graphs. Further, we also state and prove inequalities connecting the classical partition-based graph entropies and the functional-based entropy measures. In addition, several explicit inequalities are derived for special classes of graphs.
Werner Trobin, May 26, 2004 The Boost Graph Library -p. 1/48 The Boost Graph Library
Werner Trobin, May 26, 2004 The Boost Graph Library - p. 1/48 The Boost Graph Library Generic Library Design Werner Trobin #12;Introduction The Boost Graph Library Demo References Werner Trobin, May 26, 2004 The Boost Graph Library - p. 2/48 Outline I Introduction to Boost I The Boost
Oxidative particle mixtures for groundwater treatment
Siegrist, Robert L. (Boulder, CO); Murdoch, Lawrence C. (Clemson, SC)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The invention is a method and a composition of a mixture for degradation and immobilization of contaminants in soil and groundwater. The oxidative particle mixture and method includes providing a material having a minimal volume of free water, mixing at least one inorganic oxidative chemical in a granular form with a carrier fluid containing a fine grained inorganic hydrophilic compound and injecting the resulting mixture into the subsurface. The granular form of the inorganic oxidative chemical dissolves within the areas of injection, and the oxidative ions move by diffusion and/or advection, therefore extending the treatment zone over a wider area than the injection area. The organic contaminants in the soil and groundwater are degraded by the oxidative ions, which form solid byproducts that can sorb significant amounts of inorganic contaminants, metals, and radionuclides for in situ treatment and immobilization of contaminants. The method and composition of the oxidative particle mixture for long-term treatment and immobilization of contaminants in soil and groundwater provides for a reduction in toxicity of contaminants in a subsurface area of contamination without the need for continued injection of treatment material, or for movement of the contaminants, or without the need for continuous pumping of groundwater through the treatment zone, or removal of groundwater from the subsurface area of contamination.
Fault-tolerant dynamic task graph scheduling
Kurt, Mehmet C.; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Agrawal, Kunal; Agrawal, Gagan
2014-11-16T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we present an approach to fault tolerant execution of dynamic task graphs scheduled using work stealing. In particular, we focus on selective and localized recovery of tasks in the presence of soft faults. We elicit from the user the basic task graph structure in terms of successor and predecessor relationships. The work stealing-based algorithm to schedule such a task graph is augmented to enable recovery when the data and meta-data associated with a task get corrupted. We use this redundancy, and the knowledge of the task graph structure, to selectively recover from faults with low space and time overheads. We show that the fault tolerant design retains the essential properties of the underlying work stealing-based task scheduling algorithm, and that the fault tolerant execution is asymptotically optimal when task re-execution is taken into account. Experimental evaluation demonstrates the low cost of recovery under various fault scenarios.
On semidefinite programming bounds for graph bandwidth
2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
May 24, 2011 ... the rectangular grid graph Pn × Pm (i.e. the Cartesian product of the paths Pn and Pm) is min{n, m} [6] ...... Ars Combinatoria, 47:147-152, 1997.
Projective representations from quantum enhanced graph symmetries
2015-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
Presently, we will label the edges of a graph by elements of a group ...... (a) Read off the matrix ? by putting the G label of a vertex onto the diagonal in the place.
Constant time algorithms in sparse graph model
Nguyen, Huy Ngoc, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We focus on constant-time algorithms for graph problems in bounded degree model. We introduce several techniques to design constant-time approximation algorithms for problems such as Vertex Cover, Maximum Matching, Maximum ...
Support graph preconditioners for sparse linear systems
Gupta, Radhika
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
. In this thesis, we develop support graph preconditioners for symmetric positive de?nite matrices that arise from the ?nite element discretization of elliptic partial di?erential equations. An object oriented code is developed for the construction, integration...
Method to Remove Uranium/Vanadium Contamination from Groundwater
Metzler, Donald R.; Morrison Stanley
2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
A process for removing uranium/vanadium-based contaminants from groundwater using a primary in-ground treatment media and a pretreatment media that chemically adjusts the groundwater contaminant to provide for optimum treatment by the primary treatment media.
Rules and Regulations for Groundwater Quality (Rhode Island)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
These regulations provide standards for groundwater quality in the state of Rhode Island. The rules are intended to protect and restore the quality of the state's groundwater resources for use as...
Groundwater Data Package for the 2004 Composite Analysis
Thorne, Paul D.
2004-08-11T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents data and information that supports the groundwater module. The conceptual model of groundwater flow and transport at the Hanford Site is described and specific information applied in the numerical implementation module is provided.
Method to remove uranium/vanadium contamination from groundwater
Metzler, Donald R. (DeBeque, CO); Morrison, Stanley (Grand Junction, CO)
2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
A process for removing uranium/vanadium-based contaminants from groundwater using a primary in-ground treatment media and a pretreatment media that chemically adjusts the groundwater contaminant to provide for optimum treatment by the primary treatment media.
Heat Transport in Groundwater Systems--Finite Element Model
Grubaugh, E. K.; Reddell, D. L.
1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
into groundwater aquifers for long term energy storage. Analytical solutions are available that predict water temperatures as hot water is injected into a groundwater aquifer, but little field and laboratory data are available to verify these models. The objectives...
Continuous Time Group Discovery in Dynamic Graphs
Miller, K; Eliassi-Rad, T
2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
With the rise in availability and importance of graphs and networks, it has become increasingly important to have good models to describe their behavior. While much work has focused on modeling static graphs, we focus on group discovery in dynamic graphs. We adapt a dynamic extension of Latent Dirichlet Allocation to this task and demonstrate good performance on two datasets. Modeling relational data has become increasingly important in recent years. Much work has focused on static graphs - that is fixed graphs at a single point in time. Here we focus on the problem of modeling dynamic (i.e. time-evolving) graphs. We propose a scalable Bayesian approach for community discovery in dynamic graphs. Our approach is based on extensions of Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA). LDA is a latent variable model for topic modeling in text corpora. It was extended to deal with topic changes in discrete time and later in continuous time. These models were referred to as the discrete Dynamic Topic Model (dDTM) and the continuous Dynamic Topic Model (cDTM), respectively. When adapting these models to graphs, we take our inspiration from LDA-G and SSN-LDA, applications of LDA to static graphs that have been shown to effectively factor out community structure to explain link patterns in graphs. In this paper, we demonstrate how to adapt and apply the cDTM to the task of finding communities in dynamic networks. We use link prediction to measure the quality of the discovered community structure and apply it to two different relational datasets - DBLP author-keyword and CAIDA autonomous systems relationships. We also discuss a parallel implementation of this approach using Hadoop. In Section 2, we review LDA and LDA-G. In Section 3, we review the cDTM and introduce cDTMG, its adaptation to modeling dynamic graphs. We discuss inference for the cDTM-G and details of our parallel implementation in Section 4 and present its performance on two datasets in Section 5 before concluding in Section 6.
Gradual Variation Analysis for Groundwater Flow
Chen, Li
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Groundwater flow in Washington DC greatly influences the surface water quality in urban areas. The current methods of flow estimation, based on Darcy's Law and the groundwater flow equation, can be described by the diffusion equation (the transient flow) and the Laplace equation (the steady-state flow). The Laplace equation is a simplification of the diffusion equation under the condition that the aquifer has a recharging boundary. The practical way of calculation is to use numerical methods to solve these equations. The most popular system is called MODFLOW, which was developed by USGS. MODFLOW is based on the finite-difference method in rectangular Cartesian coordinates. MODFLOW can be viewed as a "quasi 3D" simulation since it only deals with the vertical average (no z-direction derivative). Flow calculations between the 2D horizontal layers use the concept of leakage. In this project, we have established a mathematical model based on gradually varied functions for groundwater data volume reconstruction. T...
Graphs of subgroups of free groups
Louder, Larsen
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We construct an efficient model for graphs of finitely generated subgroups of free groups. Using this we give a very short proof of Dicks's reformulation of the strengthened Hanna Neumann Conjecture as the Amalgamated Graph Conjecture. In addition, we answer a question of Culler and Shalen on ranks of intersections in free groups. The latter has also been done independently by R. P. Kent IV.
Accelerating semantic graph databases on commodity clusters
Morari, Alessandro; Castellana, Vito G.; Haglin, David J.; Feo, John T.; Weaver, Jesse R.; Tumeo, Antonino; Villa, Oreste
2013-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
We are developing a full software system for accelerating semantic graph databases on commodity cluster that scales to hundreds of nodes while maintaining constant query throughput. Our framework comprises a SPARQL to C++ compiler, a library of parallel graph methods and a custom multithreaded runtime layer, which provides a Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programming model with fork/join parallelism and automatic load balancing over a commodity clusters. We present preliminary results for the compiler and for the runtime.
D.C. WRRC Report No. 62 GROUNDWATER PROBLEMS
District of Columbia, University of the
on Groundwater 2 - Water Budget for the Patuxent River Basin Above the Unity Gauging Station 3 - The Fall Line
Hanford Site Groundwater Monitoring for Fiscal Year 2001
Hartman, Mary J.; Morasch, Launa F.; Webber, William D.
2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
This report provides information on the status of groundwater monitoring at the Hanford Site during fiscal year 2001.
Graph representation of protein free energy landscape
Li, Minghai; Duan, Mojie; Fan, Jue; Huo, Shuanghong, E-mail: shuo@clarku.edu [Gustaf H. Carlson School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, Massachusetts 01610 (United States)] [Gustaf H. Carlson School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, Massachusetts 01610 (United States); Han, Li [Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, Massachusetts 01610 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Clark University, 950 Main Street, Worcester, Massachusetts 01610 (United States)
2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
The thermodynamics and kinetics of protein folding and protein conformational changes are governed by the underlying free energy landscape. However, the multidimensional nature of the free energy landscape makes it difficult to describe. We propose to use a weighted-graph approach to depict the free energy landscape with the nodes on the graph representing the conformational states and the edge weights reflecting the free energy barriers between the states. Our graph is constructed from a molecular dynamics trajectory and does not involve projecting the multi-dimensional free energy landscape onto a low-dimensional space defined by a few order parameters. The calculation of free energy barriers was based on transition-path theory using the MSMBuilder2 package. We compare our graph with the widely used transition disconnectivity graph (TRDG) which is constructed from the same trajectory and show that our approach gives more accurate description of the free energy landscape than the TRDG approach even though the latter can be organized into a simple tree representation. The weighted-graph is a general approach and can be used on any complex system.
Questions about Groundwater Conservation Districts in Texas
Lesikar, Bruce J.; Silvy, Valeen
2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
legal advice, please consult with an attorney. Contents 1 Introduction 1 Water use in Texas 2 Groundwater 2 Surface water 5 Movement of groundwater in aquifers 5 Are all Texas aquifers alike? 5 How much water do Texas aquifers provide each year? 6 How... does water get into an aquifer? How is an aquifer replenished? 7 Does water discharge from an aquifer naturally? 7 If aquifers recharge, why is there a problem with pumping? 7 What is a cone of depression? 7 What is well interference? 8 What is aquifer...
ICDP Complex Groundwater Monitoring Plan REV 5
Cahn, L. S.
2007-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
This Groundwater Monitoring Plan, along with the Quality Assurance Project Plan for Waste Area Groups 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, and Removal Actions, constitutes the sampling and analysis plan for groundwater and perched water monitoring at the Idaho CERCLA Disposal Facility (ICDF). A detection monitoring system was installed in the Snake River Plan Aquifer to comply with substantive requirements of "Releases from Solid Waste Management Units" of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. This detection monitoring wells constructed in the Snake River Plain Aquifer.
Vapor port and groundwater sampling well
Hubbell, J.M.; Wylie, A.H.
1996-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus have been developed for combining groundwater monitoring wells with unsaturated-zone vapor sampling ports. The apparatus allows concurrent monitoring of both the unsaturated and the saturated zone from the same well at contaminated areas. The innovative well design allows for concurrent sampling of groundwater and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the vadose (unsaturated) zone from a single well, saving considerable time and money. The sample tubes are banded to the outer well casing during installation of the well casing. 10 figs.
Vapor port and groundwater sampling well
Hubbell, Joel M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Wylie, Allan H. (Idaho Falls, ID)
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus has been developed for combining groundwater monitoring wells with unsaturated-zone vapor sampling ports. The apparatus allows concurrent monitoring of both the unsaturated and the saturated zone from the same well at contaminated areas. The innovative well design allows for concurrent sampling of groundwater and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the vadose (unsaturated) zone from a single well, saving considerable time and money. The sample tubes are banded to the outer well casing during installation of the well casing.
Contribution of global groundwater depletion since 1900 to sealevel rise
of water from terrestrial subsurface storage is a natural consequence of groundwater withdrawals] The extracted groundwater can subsequently follow any number of pathways through the hydrologic cycle, and most pathways that don't involve a return to the groundwater system have relatively short travel times
SOLUTION OF A GROUNDWATER CONTROL PROBLEM WITH IMPLICIT FILTERING \\Lambda
SOLUTION OF A GROUNDWATER CONTROL PROBLEM WITH IMPLICIT FILTERING \\Lambda A. BATTERMANN y , J. M an industrial site. Key words. Implicit filtering, Groundwater flow and transport, Optimal control, Parallel on a groundwater temperature control problem. This problem has some of the impor tant difficulties
SOLUTION OF A GROUNDWATER CONTROL PROBLEM WITH IMPLICIT A. BATTERMANN
SOLUTION OF A GROUNDWATER CONTROL PROBLEM WITH IMPLICIT FILTERING A. BATTERMANN ¡ , J. M an industrial site. Key words. Implicit filtering, Groundwater flow and transport, Optimal control, Parallel on a groundwater temperature control problem. This problem has some of the impor- tant difficulties
Optimal Groundwater Remediation Network Design using Selective Membranes
Grossmann, Ignacio E.
Optimal Groundwater Remediation Network Design using Selective Membranes Eugenio Bringasa with the optimal synthesis of groundwater remediation networks for the valorization of anionic pollutants by means possible design alternatives are proposed. The aim of this work is to obtain a minimum cost groundwater
INCORPORATION OF GROUNDWATER FLOW INTO NUMERICAL MODELS AND DESIGN MODELS
03/10/99 1 INCORPORATION OF GROUNDWATER FLOW INTO NUMERICAL MODELS AND DESIGN MODELS Jeffrey D-coupled, ground-source heat pumps, groundwater, heat pump, heat exchanger, heat transfer, numerical models transport of heat by moving groundwater may be an important factor in reducing the necessary size of closed
VOCs, Pesticides, Nitrate, and Their Mixtures in Groundwater Used for
VOCs, Pesticides, Nitrate, and Their Mixtures in Groundwater Used for Drinking Water in the United, Rapid City, South Dakota 57702 Samples of untreated groundwater from 1255 domestic drinking-water wells of the groundwater resource and, thus, were distributed geographically across large aquifers, primarily in rural
THE RECOVERY OF AN ANISOTROPIC CONDUCTIVITY IN GROUNDWATER MODELLING
Knowles, Ian W.
THE RECOVERY OF AN ANISOTROPIC CONDUCTIVITY IN GROUNDWATER MODELLING IAN KNOWLES AND AIMIN YAN Abstract. In order to model groundwater flow e#ectively, one is faced inevitably with the problem groundwater system may be modelled by the parabolic equation Q(x) #w #t = # · (P (x)#w) +R(x, t) (1) over x
Groundwater and soil chemical changes under phreatophytic tree plantations
Jackson, Robert B.
Groundwater and soil chemical changes under phreatophytic tree plantations Esteban G. Jobba´gy1 4 May 2007. [1] The onset of groundwater consumption by plants can initiate a pathway of chemical inputs from aquifers to ecosystems, typically absent in groundwater recharge areas. We explored
Simulation of salt migrations in density dependent groundwater flow
Vuik, Kees
Simulation of salt migrations in density dependent groundwater flow E.S. van Baaren Master's Thesis for the salt migration in the groundwater underneath the polders near the coast. The problem description of this thesis is to investigate the possibilities of modelling salt migrations in density dependent groundwater
THE RECOVERY OF AN ANISOTROPIC CONDUCTIVITY IN GROUNDWATER MODELLING
Knowles, Ian W.
THE RECOVERY OF AN ANISOTROPIC CONDUCTIVITY IN GROUNDWATER MODELLING IAN KNOWLES AND AIMIN YAN Abstract. In order to model groundwater flow effectively, one is faced inevitably with the problem groundwater system may be modelled by the parabolic equation Q(x) w t = · (P (x) w) + R(x, t)(1) over x
GROUNDWATER NITRATE REMOVAL CAPACITY OF RIPARIAN ZONES IN
Gold, Art
GROUNDWATER NITRATE REMOVAL CAPACITY OF RIPARIAN ZONES IN URBANIZING WATERSHEDS BY TARA KIMBERLY the watershed, however, is not well understood. Nitrate in groundwater moving through the "biologically active and geomorphology of riparian zones, potentially changing riparian groundwater denitrification capacity. Little work
Methods Note/ Net Recharge vs. Depth to Groundwater
Szilagyi, Jozsef
Methods Note/ Net Recharge vs. Depth to Groundwater Relationship in the Platte River Valley rates were correlated with depth to groundwater (d) values in the wide alluvial valley of the Platte soils with a shallow groundwater table. The transition depth (dt) between negative and positive values
EULERIANLAGRANGIAN LOCALIZED ADJOINT METHODS FOR REACTIVE TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER \\Lambda
Ewing, Richard E.
EULERIANLAGRANGIAN LOCALIZED ADJOINT METHODS FOR REACTIVE TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER \\Lambda RICHARD in groundwater flowing through an adsorbing porous medium. These ELLAM schemes are developed for various and discussed. x1. Introduction. In recent years, the contamination and pollution of groundwater resources have
Groundwater Data Analysis M.Tech Thesis Stage I Report
Sohoni, Milind
Groundwater Data Analysis M.Tech Thesis Stage I Report Submitted in partial fulfillment Institute of Technology Bombay October 2011 #12;Abstract In this project work we did groundwater data(GSDA), Pune. We have analyzed groundwater data of 120 observation wells over the period of 35 years
Integration of Groundwater Transport Models with Wireless Sensor Networks
Han, Qi "Chee"
Integration of Groundwater Transport Models with Wireless Sensor Networks Kevin Barnhart1 , I.jayasumana@colostate.edu, Fort Collins, CO, USA ABSTRACT Groundwater transport modeling is intended to aid in remediation be conceptualized in the WSN context. INTRODUCTION As groundwater contamination is an established problem with many
Estimation of Groundwater Flow Parameters Using Least Squares
Estimation of Groundwater Flow Parameters Using Least Squares K.R. Bailey \\Lambda , B state flow parameters in a groundwater model. We test the approach on numerically generated data algorithm is implemented in parallel using PVM. 1 Introduction The successful modeling of groundwater flow
Volatile Organic Compounds in Untreated Ambient Groundwater of
Volatile Organic Compounds in Untreated Ambient Groundwater of the United States, 1985-1995 P A U L, ambient groundwater of the conterminous United States was conducted based on samples collected from 2948-chloropropane, which had a reporting level of 1.0 µg/L. Because ambient groundwater was targeted, areas of known
ON THE RECOVERY OF TRANSPORT PARAMETERS IN GROUNDWATER MODELLING
Knowles, Ian W.
ON THE RECOVERY OF TRANSPORT PARAMETERS IN GROUNDWATER MODELLING IAN KNOWLES AND AIMIN YAN of recovering the coe#cient functions in the groundwater transport equation from piezometric head to resort to indirect, or inverse, techniques to populate the model. In a groundwater system one
Spatial Models for Groundwater Behavioral Analysis in Regions of Maharashtra
Sohoni, Milind
Spatial Models for Groundwater Behavioral Analysis in Regions of Maharashtra M.Tech Dissertation In this project we have performed spatial analysis of groundwater data in Thane and Latur districts of Maharashtra Groundwater Survey and Development Agency, Maharashtra), shape files for watershed boundaries and drainage
FULLYDISCRETE FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF MULTIPHASE FLOW IN GROUNDWATER HYDROLOGY
Ewing, Richard E.
FULLYDISCRETE FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF MULTIPHASE FLOW IN GROUNDWATER HYDROLOGY Zhangxin Chen element method for a nonlinear differential system for describing an airwater system in groundwater experiments using the present approach for modeling groundwater flow in porous media are reported. Key words
Groundwater Quality 2010, Zrich, R. Enzenhoefer 1/14
Cirpka, Olaf Arie
Groundwater Quality 2010, Zürich, 13th - 18th June 2010 R. Enzenhoefer 1/14 Using probabilistic of Hydromechanics and Modeling of Hydrosystems #12;Groundwater Quality 2010, Zürich, 13th - 18th June 2010 R Results & Discussion #12;Groundwater Quality 2010, Zürich, 13th - 18th June 2010 R. Enzenhoefer 3/14 From
ON THE RECOVERY OF TRANSPORT PARAMETERS IN GROUNDWATER MODELLING
Knowles, Ian W.
ON THE RECOVERY OF TRANSPORT PARAMETERS IN GROUNDWATER MODELLING IAN KNOWLES AND AIMIN YAN of recovering the coefficient functions in the groundwater transport equation from piezometric head one has to resort to indirect, or inverse, techniques to populate the model. In a groundwater system
Impact of Storm Water Recharge Practices on Boston Groundwater Elevations
Vogel, Richard M.
Impact of Storm Water Recharge Practices on Boston Groundwater Elevations Brian F. Thomas, S periodically experienced a decline in groundwater elevations and the associated deterioration of untreated wood a groundwater conservation overlay district enforced by city zoning boards to require storm water recharge
Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation of BTEX-Contaminated Groundwater by
Bruns, Tom
Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation of BTEX-Contaminated Groundwater by Combined Injection of Nitrate. Introduction Remediation by natural attenuation (RNA) is the preferred method (1) for addressing groundwater, at siteswherethenaturalgroundwaterflowisveryslow,intrinsic biodegradation processes can be limited by the rate at which the groundwater supplies
MODELING OF CHLORINATED SOLVENTS TRANSPORT AND NATURAL ATTENUATION IN GROUNDWATER
Boyer, Edmond
1 MODELING OF CHLORINATED SOLVENTS TRANSPORT AND NATURAL ATTENUATION IN GROUNDWATER QUIOT Fabrice1 performed by 4 teams (ANTEA, ENSMP, ENVIROS and INERIS) to simulate a contamination of groundwater is the evaluation of the fate of pollutants in groundwaters and soils. This knowledge is based on the result
Introduction Groundwater is a subject of rising social concern,
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Introduction Groundwater is a subject of rising social concern, especially in coastal zones where most big cities are located. Due to growing demographic pressure in coastal areas, groundwater the overall challenge of changing groundwater poli- cy to address the emerging problems (Livingston & Gar
artesian borehole, Singhida (central Tanzania) Hydrology, weather and groundwater
Stevenson, Paul
artesian borehole, Singhida (central Tanzania) Hydrology, weather and groundwater NERC EQUIP;protected spring in Kampala (Uganda) · groundwater supplies 50% of world's drinking water Kundzewicz and Döll (2009) #12;maize plantation irrigated by a groundwater-fed pivot, Katwe (Zambia) · and 42
Original article Modelling herbicide treatment impact on groundwater
Boyer, Edmond
Original article Modelling herbicide treatment impact on groundwater quality in a central Italy of different weed control strategies on groundwater quality in a Central Italy area (Umbria) where the drinking and twenty-two weed control strategies were tested for their groundwater concentrations. Two maps reporting
Groundwater Protection 7 2010 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT7-1
Groundwater Protection 7 2010 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT7-1 DRAFT Brookhaven National Laboratory has implemented aggressive pollution prevention measures to protect groundwater resources. An extensive groundwater monitoring well network is used to verify that prevention and restoration activities are effective
Groundwater Management Tools: Analytical Procedure and Case Studies
Hickman, Mark
Groundwater Management Tools: Analytical Procedure and Case Studies MAF Technical Paper No: 2003 and Forestry #12;i Contents Page Executive Summary v Introduction 1 Section A Groundwater Management: Best 2 2.2. Groundwater Budgets 2 2.3. Dynamic Storage 2 3. Scale of Abstraction Effects 3 4. Limitations
Monitoring Groundwater Recharge In the Sierra Nevada Mountains For
Monitoring Groundwater Recharge In the Sierra Nevada Mountains For Impact On Hydrologic Resources The Issue Snowmelt is a significant source of replenishing groundwater resources in the western United States. In addition, this groundwater recharge process is typically a major contributor to streamflow
Groundwater and global hydrological change current challenges and new insight
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Groundwater and global hydrological change current challenges and new insight R. TAYLOR1 , L Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands 11 Federal Institute for Geosciences, groundwater plays a critical role in enabling communities to adapt to freshwater shortages derived from low
A Comparison of Derivative-Free Optimization Methods for Groundwater
Kelley, C. T. "Tim"
A Comparison of Derivative-Free Optimization Methods for Groundwater Supply and Hydraulic Capture, 244 Wood Street, Lexington, MA 02420-9108 USA Abstract Management decisions involving groundwater-documented community problems are used for illustration purposes: a groundwater supply problem and a hydraulic capture
UNL/OSU Researchers Try Promising Technique to Remove Groundwater
Nebraska-Lincoln, University of
UNL/OSU Researchers Try Promising Technique to Remove Groundwater Contamination Under Former Oklahoma State University have joined to test promising new methods of removing longstanding groundwater into specially drilled injection wells, where it mixes with contaminants in the groundwater under the former
Threatened groundwater resources in rural India : an example of monitoring
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 Threatened groundwater resources in rural India : an example of monitoring J. C. MARECHAL A,D , S.marechal@brgm.fr (corresponding author) B National Geophysical Research Institute, Indo-French Centre for Groundwater Research-French Centre for Groundwater Research, National Geophysical Research Institute, Uppal Road, 500 007 Hyderabad
Case Study/ Effects of Groundwater Development on Uranium
Case Study/ Effects of Groundwater Development on Uranium: Central Valley, California, USA Abstract Uranium (U) concentrations in groundwater in several parts of the eastern San Joaquin Valley development during the last 100 years have changed the chemistry and magnitude of groundwater recharge
Groundwater resources of Uzbekistan: an environmental and operational overview
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 Groundwater resources of Uzbekistan: an environmental and operational overview Shavkat hydraulically related groundwater has been affected too. Excessive irrigation has lead to land salinization systems have been practiced with respect to groundwater use and management. The aim of this paper
Basic Ground-Water Hydrology By RALPH C. HEATH
Sohoni, Milind
-607-68973-0 #12;CONTENTS Page Ground-water hydrology#12;Basic Ground-Water Hydrology By RALPH C. HEATH Prepared in cooperation with the North Carolina., 1983, Basic ground-water hydrology: U .S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2220, 86 p. Library
Intro Algo ring Arbitrary graphs Conclusion PING PONG IN DANGEROUS GRAPHS
Fondements et Applications, Université Paris 7
Intro Algo ring Arbitrary graphs Conclusion PING PONG IN DANGEROUS GRAPHS Optimal Black Hole Search blocking and destroying any mobile agent entering it. Motivations : Site which is destroyed or dangerous blocking and destroying any mobile agent entering it. Motivations : Site which is destroyed or dangerous
Random key graphs can have many more triangles than Erdos-Renyi graphs
Yagan, Osman
, and in the First Workshop on Applications of Graph Theory in Wireless Ad hoc Networks and Sensor Networks (GRAPH-HOC 2009), Chennai (India), December 2009. O. Yagan was with the Department of Electrical and Computer is now with Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and CyLab, Carnegie Mellon University
Lu, Zhiming
Pajarito Plateau Groundwater Flow and Transport Modeling 1 Process-Level and Systems Models of Groundwater Flow and Transport Beneath the Pajarito Plateau: Migration of High Explosives from Technical Area Groundwater Modeling Project Systems Model Vadose Zone Model Regional Aquifer Model #12;Pajarito Plateau
The Savannah River Site's groundwater monitoring program
Not Available
1991-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
This report summarizes the Savannah River Site (SRS) groundwater monitoring program conducted by EPD/EMS in the first quarter of 1991. In includes the analytical data, field data, data review, quality control, and other documentation for this program, provides a record of the program's activities and rationale, and serves as an official document of the analytical results.
Groundwater Study at Armand Bayou Nature Center
Morrison, Derek 1990-
2012-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes the research done to determine the hydraulic gradient and direction of groundwater flow in two aquifers at the Armand Bayou wetland. One aquifer is an unconfined aquifer at a depth of approximately 15 ft. and the second aquifer...
Groundwater Pollution David W. Watkins, Jr.
Morton, David
water supply management, pollution control, and ecosystem protection or restoration. These modelsII 21 Mor 2003/10/14 page 391 i i i i i i i i Chapter 21 Groundwater Pollution Control David W source of potable water because it is abundant and readily available in many locations and often requires
Groundwater level status report for 2010, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Koch, Richard J.; Schmeer, Sarah
2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The status of groundwater level monitoring at Los Alamos National Laboratory in 2010 is provided in this report. This report summarizes groundwater level data for 194 monitoring wells, including 63 regional aquifer wells (including 10 regional/intermediate wells), 34 intermediate wells, 97 alluvial wells, and 12 water supply wells. Pressure transducers were installed in 162 monitoring wells for continuous monitoring of groundwater levels. Time-series hydrographs of groundwater level data are presented along with pertinent construction and location information for each well. The report also summarizes the groundwater temperatures recorded in intermediate and regional aquifer monitoring wells and seasonal responses to snowmelt runoff observed in intermediate wells.
Groundwater level status report for 2008, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Koch, Richard J.; Schmeer, Sarah
2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The status of groundwater level monitoring at Los Alamos National Laboratory in 2008 is provided in this report. This report summarizes groundwater level data for 179 monitoring wells, including 45 regional aquifer wells, 28 intermediate wells, 8 regional/intermediate wells, 106 alluvial wells, and 12 water supply wells. Pressure transducers were installed in 166 monitoring wells for continuous monitoring of groundwater levels. Time-series hydrographs of groundwater level data are presented along with pertinent construction and location information for each well. The report also summarizes the groundwater temperatures recorded in intermediate and regional aquifer monitoring wells.
Groundwater level status report for 2009, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Koch, Richard J.; Schmeer, Sarah
2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The status of groundwater level monitoring at Los Alamos National Laboratory in 2009 is provided in this report. This report summarizes groundwater level data for 179 monitoring wells, including 55 regional aquifer wells (including 11 regional/intermediate wells), 26 intermediate wells, 98 alluvial wells, and 12 water supply wells. Pressure transducers were installed in 161 monitoring wells for continuous monitoring of groundwater levels. Time-series hydrographs of groundwater level data are presented along with pertinent construction and location information for each well. The report also summarizes the groundwater temperatures recorded in intermediate and regional aquifer monitoring wells.
Birkholzer, Jens
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of more than 35,000 groundwater analyses selected from the1994), Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution. A.A.Balkema,1995), Estimating 14C groundwater ages in a methanogenic
Outline of the talk Statistics on Graphs, Exponential Formula and
Poinsot, Laurent
Outline of the talk Statistics on Graphs, Exponential Formula and Combinatorial Physics G and Complexity" Laurent Poinsot Statistics on Graphs, Exponential Formula and Combinatorial Physics #12;Exponential Formula : Informal Version Ingredients for the exponential formula Partial commutative monoids
Scalable Parallel Algorithms for Massive Scale-free Graphs
Pearce, Roger Allan
2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
, distributed, and external memory. This dissertation develops new techniques to parallelize the storage, computation, and communication for scale-free graphs with high-degree vertices. Our work facilitates the processing of large real-world graph datasets...
On perfect codes in Cartesian product of graphs Michel Mollard
Boyer, Edmond
] and others. The existence of perfect codes have also been proved in Towers of Hanoi graphs [6] and Sierpinski on the symmetric group Sn+1 thus are of order (n + 1)!. These families include star graphs, for which the existence
A New Combinatorial Approach for Sparse Graph Problems
Blelloch, Guy E.
A New Combinatorial Approach for Sparse Graph Problems Guy E. Blelloch, Virginia Vassilevska- totic improvement over O(mn) for all pairs least common ancestors on directed acyclic graphs. 1
Scalable Parallel Algorithms for Massive Scale-free Graphs
Pearce, Roger Allan
2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
, distributed, and external memory. This dissertation develops new techniques to parallelize the storage, computation, and communication for scale-free graphs with high-degree vertices. Our work facilitates the processing of large real-world graph datasets...
On the topology of graph picture spaces
Martin, Jeremy L.
2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
V and edges E. The d-dimensional picture space Xd(G) is de ned as the projective algebraic set whose points are pictures of G in complex projective d-space Pd = PdC. A picture P consists of a point P(v) 2 Pd for each vertex v of G and a line P...(e) for each edge e, subject to the conditions P(v) 2 P(e) whenever v is an endpoint of e. Two fundamental operations of graph theory are deletion and contraction: given a graph G and an edge e, we may delete e to form a graph G e, or identify the end- points...
Johan Alwall; Michel Herquet; Fabio Maltoni; Olivier Mattelaer; Tim Stelzer
2011-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
MadGraph 5 is the new version of the MadGraph matrix element generator, written in the Python programming language. It implements a number of new, efficient algorithms that provide improved performance and functionality in all aspects of the program. It features a new user interface, several new output formats including C++ process libraries for Pythia 8, and full compatibility with FeynRules for new physics models implementation, allowing for event generation for any model that can be written in the form of a Lagrangian. MadGraph 5 builds on the same philosophy as the previous versions, and its design allows it to be used as a collaborative platform where theoretical, phenomenological and simulation projects can be developed and then distributed to the high-energy community. We describe the ideas and the most important developments of the code and illustrate its capabilities through a few simple phenomenological examples.
Discrete Lagrangian Systems on Graphs. Symplecto-Topological Properties
S. P. Novikov; A. S. Schwarz
2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z
Discrete Lagrangian Systems on graphs are considered. Vector-valued closed differential 2-form on the space of solutions is constructed. This form takes values in the first homology group of the graph. This construction generalizes the Symplectic Wronskian for the linear self-adjoint operators on graphs found in 1997 by the first author and used for the needs of the Scattering Theory for graphs with tails
Evaluating Graph Coloring on Pascal Grosset, Peihong Zhu, Shusen Liu,
Hall, Mary W.
any relevant related works for graph coloring on GPUs · Main inspiration: o Gebremedhin and Manne o (G
Welch, Alan H.; Oremland, Ronald S.; Davis, James A.; Watkins, Sharon A.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
situ iron removal from groundwater with trace elements suchPostma. 1993. Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution. A.A.contribu- tion to shallow groundwater in Tulare Lake bed
Lecher, Alanna Louise
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2009. Submarine groundwater discharge of total a R. Flegal. 2009. Submarine groundwater discharge of totalInvestigation of submarine groundwater discharge. Hydrol.
Apps, J.A.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Groundwater Chemistry Changes as a Result of CO 2 Injection9 Test Configuration and Groundwater1994) Geochemistry, groundwater and pollution. A.A.Balkema,
Mining Closed Relational Graphs with Connectivity Constraints X. Jasmine Zhou
Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine
Mining Closed Relational Graphs with Connectivity Constraints Xifeng Yan X. Jasmine Zhou Jiawei Han relational graphs, how to mine frequent highly connected subgraphs from it? ... G1 G2 Gn pattern Figure 1. Mining Massive Relational Graphs This new problem setting has three major characteristics different from
Bicycles and Left-Right Tours in Locally Finite Graphs
Diestel, Reinhard
Bicycles and Left-Right Tours in Locally Finite Graphs von Melanie Win Myint, M. S. Dem Department-Right Tours 29 6 LRTs Generate the Bicycle Space 43 7 The ABL Planarity Criterion 53 8 Pedestrian Graphs 69 bicycles and some other concepts they relate to, such as left- right tours and pedestrian graphs
On Sum--Connectivity Index of Bicyclic Graphs
Du, Zhibin
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We determine the minimum sum--connectivity index of bicyclic graphs with $n$ vertices and matching number $m$, where $2\\le m\\le \\lfloor\\frac{n}{2}\\rfloor$, the minimum and the second minimum, as well as the maximum and the second maximum sum--connectivity indices of bicyclic graphs with $n\\ge 5$ vertices. The extremal graphs are characterized.
A Visualization System for Correctness Proofs of Graph Algorithms
Metaxas, Takis
A Visualization System for Correctness Proofs of Graph Algorithms P.A. Gloor1, D.B. Johnson2, F. Makedon2, P. Metaxas3 Feb. 28, 1993 Running head: Proof Visualization of Graph Algorithms Correspondence proofs of graph algorithms. The system has been demonstrated for a greedy algorithm, Prim's algorithm
The power graph of a group Peter J. Cameron
Burton, Geoffrey R.
; graphs are much looser. For example, there are only five different groups with eight elementsThe power graph of a group Peter J. Cameron Queen Mary, University of London LTCC Open Day, 8 January 2010 Groups and graphs A group is an algebraic structure: a set with a bi- nary operation
VGTL (Vienna Graph Template Library) Version 1.1
Schichl, Hermann
.1 Vienna Graph Template Library Modules Here is a list of all modules: Classes and types for external useVGTL (Vienna Graph Template Library) Version 1.1 Reference Manual Hermann Schichl University June 2003 #12;CONTENTS 1 Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Vienna Graph Template Library Module Index 2 3
Multivariate Graphs in Software Engineering and A. Telea2
Telea, Alexandru C.
Multivariate Graphs in Software Engineering S. Diehl1 and A. Telea2 1 Department of Computer, the Netherlands Abstract. Multivariate networks, or graphs, are an essential element of various activities. In this chapter, we present the specific context in which multivariate graphs occur in software engineering
Making arbitrary graphs transitively orientable: Minimal comparability completions
Papadopoulos, Charis
Making arbitrary graphs transitively orientable: Minimal comparability completions Pinar Heggernes to an arbitrary graph is called a comparability completion of the input graph. Unfortunately, computing a comparability completion with the minimum number of added edges (called a minimum completion) is an NP
A Static Analysis Technique for Graph Transformation Systems
Baldan, Paolo
A Static Analysis Technique for Graph Transformation Systems Paolo Baldan, Andrea Corradini,andrea,koenigb}@di.unipi.it Abstract. In this paper we introduce a static analysis technique for graph transformation systems. We in a direct and intuitive way. Graph Transformation Systems (GTSs) [18] add to the static description given
*The graph shown at the top right is the complement of line graph of the complete graph on 8 the existence of 28 equiangular lines in R7. References [1] D. DE CAEN, Large equiangular sets of lines the Minimize command in MAPLE to find such a vector with high precision. One of the challenges was to deal
SQLGraph: An Efficient Relational-Based Property Graph , Achille Fokoue
Cortes, Corinna
[Database Management]: Systems General Terms Property graphs; Gremlin Keywords Property graphs; Relational Storage; Gremlin 1. INTRODUCTION There is increased interest in graph data management re- cently, fueled literature has been on RDF data management (e.g., [39, 18, 27, 24, 6, 25, 16]). Much of this work targets
VACUUM ENERGY IN QUANTUM GRAPHS A Senior Honors Thesis
VACUUM ENERGY IN QUANTUM GRAPHS A Senior Honors Thesis by JUSTIN HOWARD WILSON Submitted ABSTRACT Vacuum Energy in Quantum Graphs. (April 2007) Justin Howard Wilson Department of Physics the vacuum energy in quantum graphs. Vacuum energy arose in quantum physics but has an independent
Cellular Algebras and Graph Invariants Based on Quantum Walks
Jamie Smith
2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider two graph invariants inspired by quantum walks- one in continuous time and one in discrete time. We will associate a matrix algebra called a cellular algebra with every graph. We show that, if the cellular algebras of two graphs have a similar structure, then they are not distinguished by either of the proposed invariants.
Periodic schedules for Unitary Timed Weighted Event Graphs
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Event Graph model (TEG also called marked graphs [5]) and dataflow graphs, oftenly used in the computer questions are polynomially solved for ordinary TEG [1], [5], [6], [8]. In particular, it has been shown that if a TEG is live, there always exists a periodic schedule with the optimal throughput (i.e. with the same
Problems of Distance-Regular Graphs Hiroshi Suzuki
Xi, Changchang
Â328. [14] H. Suzuki, The Terwilliger algebra associated with a set of vertices in a distance-regular graph, J. Alg. Combin. 22 (2005), 5-38. [15] P. Terwilliger, Distance-regular graphs and (s, c, a, k)-graphs, J. Combin. Th. (B) 34 (1983), 151Â164. [16] P. Terwilliger, A new inequality for distance
GROUNDWATER MONITORING REPORT GENERATION TOOLS - 12005
Lopez, N.
2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z
Compliance with National and State environmental regulations (e.g. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) aka SuperFund) requires Savannah River Site (SRS) to extensively collect and report groundwater monitoring data, with potential fines for missed reporting deadlines. Several utilities have been developed at SRS to facilitate production of the regulatory reports which include maps, data tables, charts and statistics. Components of each report are generated in accordance with complex sets of regulatory requirements specific to each site monitored. SRS developed a relational database to incorporate the detailed reporting rules with the groundwater data, and created a set of automation tools to interface with the information and generate the report components. These process improvements enhanced quality and consistency by centralizing the information, and have reduced manpower and production time through automated efficiencies.
Modular, multi-level groundwater sampler
Nichols, Ralph L. (812 Plantation Point Dr., N. Augusta, SC 29841); Widdowson, Mark A. (4204 Havana Ct., Columbia, SC 29206); Mullinex, Harry (10 Cardross La., Columbia, SC 29209); Orne, William H. (12 Martha Ct., Sumter, SC 29150); Looney, Brian B. (1135 Ridgemont Dr., Aiken, SC 29803)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Apparatus for taking a multiple of samples of groundwater or pressure measurements from a well simultaneously. The apparatus comprises a series of chambers arranged in an axial array, each of which is dimensioned to fit into a perforated well casing and leave a small gap between the well casing and the exterior of the chamber. Seals at each end of the container define the limits to the axial portion of the well to be sampled. A submersible pump in each chamber pumps the groundwater that passes through the well casing perforations into the gap from the gap to the surface for analysis. The power lines and hoses for the chambers farther down the array pass through each chamber above them in the array. The seals are solid, water-proof, non-reactive, resilient disks supported to engage the inside surface of the well casing. Because of the modular design, the apparatus provides flexibility for use in a variety of well configurations.
Groundwater Monitoring Report Generation Tools - 12005
Lopez, Natalie [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions LLC, Aiken, South Carolina, 29808 (United States)
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Compliance with National and State environmental regulations (e.g. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) aka SuperFund) requires Savannah River Site (SRS) to extensively collect and report groundwater monitoring data, with potential fines for missed reporting deadlines. Several utilities have been developed at SRS to facilitate production of the regulatory reports which include maps, data tables, charts and statistics. Components of each report are generated in accordance with complex sets of regulatory requirements specific to each site monitored. SRS developed a relational database to incorporate the detailed reporting rules with the groundwater data, and created a set of automation tools to interface with the information and generate the report components. These process improvements enhanced quality and consistency by centralizing the information, and have reduced manpower and production time through automated efficiencies. (author)
Procedures for ground-water investigations
Not Available
1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This manual was developed by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to document the procedures used to carry out and control the technical aspects of ground-water investigations at the PNL. Ground-water investigations are carried out to fulfill the requirements for the US Department of Energy (DOE) to meet the requirements of DOE Orders. Investigations are also performed for various clients to meet the requirements of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA). National standards including procedures published by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the US Geological Survey were utilized in developing the procedures contained in this manual.
Vermont Groundwater Withdrawal Report | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onsource History View NewUS National Fuel Cell Research CenterVermilion County, Illinois:VermontFPR: LandGroundwater
DEQ Groundwater Permitting Guidebook | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrotherm Photovoltaics AGInformation Cuttings Analysis At U.S.DEQ Groundwater Permitting
Groundwater contaminant plume ranking. [UMTRA Project
Not Available
1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Containment plumes at Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project sites were ranked to assist in Subpart B (i.e., restoration requirements of 40 CFR Part 192) compliance strategies for each site, to prioritize aquifer restoration, and to budget future requests and allocations. The rankings roughly estimate hazards to the environment and human health, and thus assist in determining for which sites cleanup, if appropriate, will provide the greatest benefits for funds available. The rankings are based on the scores that were obtained using the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Modified Hazard Ranking System (MHRS). The MHRS and HRS consider and score three hazard modes for a site: migration, fire and explosion, and direct contact. The migration hazard mode score reflects the potential for harm to humans or the environment from migration of a hazardous substance off a site by groundwater, surface water, and air; it is a composite of separate scores for each of these routes. For ranking the containment plumes at UMTRA Project sites, it was assumed that each site had been remediated in compliance with the EPA standards and that relict contaminant plumes were present. Therefore, only the groundwater route was scored, and the surface water and air routes were not considered. Section 2.0 of this document describes the assumptions and procedures used to score the groundwater route, and Section 3.0 provides the resulting scores for each site. 40 tabs.
The Savannah River Site's groundwater monitoring program
Not Available
1991-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
The Environmental Protection Department/Environmental Monitoring Section (EPD/EMS) administers the Savannah River Site's (SRS) Groundwater Monitoring Program. During third quarter 1990 (July through September) EPD/EMS conducted routine sampling of monitoring wells and drinking water locations. EPD/EMS established two sets of flagging criteria in 1986 to assist in the management of sample results. The flagging criteria do not define contamination levels; instead they aid personnel in sample scheduling, interpretation of data, and trend identification. The flagging criteria are based on detection limits, background levels in SRS groundwater, and drinking water standards. All analytical results from third quarter 1990 are listed in this report, which is distributed to all site custodians. One or more analytes exceeded Flag 2 in 87 monitoring well series. Analytes exceeded Flat 2 for the first since 1984 in 14 monitoring well series. In addition to groundwater monitoring, EPD/EMS collected drinking water samples from SRS drinking water systems supplied by wells. The drinking water samples were analyzed for radioactive constituents.
CPM: A Graph Pattern Matching Kernel with Diffusion for Accurate Graph Classification
Kansas, University of
(the Molecular Library Initiative project) that aims to determine and publicize the biological activ chemical structure data sets and have compared our methods to all major graph kernel functions that we know
Solving the Graph Isomorphism Problem with a Quantum Annealer
Itay Hen; A. P. Young
2012-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a novel method using a quantum annealer -- an analog quantum computer based on the principles of quantum adiabatic evolution -- to solve the Graph Isomorphism problem, in which one has to determine whether two graphs are isomorphic (i.e., can be transformed into each other simply by a relabeling of the vertices). We demonstrate the capabilities of the method by analyzing several types of graph families, focusing on graphs with particularly high symmetry called strongly regular graphs (SRG's). We also show that our method is applicable, within certain limitations, to currently available quantum hardware such as "D-Wave One".
Expander Graph Arguments for Message Passing Algorithms
Burshtein, David
Expander Graph Arguments for Message Passing Algorithms David Burshtein and Gadi Miller Dept arguments may be used to prove that message passing algorithms can correct a linear number of erroneous a message passing algorithm has corrected a sufficiently large fraction of the errors, it will eventually
Graph Coloring with Quantum Heuristics Alex Fabrikant
Fabrikant, Alex
empirically with small graphs near a phase transition in search performance. It im- proves on two prior and physical phase transitions [4, 23, 19], which has led to new heuristics for conventional machines [12, 8 a conventional machine eval- uates just one. Hence one might expect high performance for problems having a rapid
Spectral statistics for scaling quantum graphs
Yu. Dabaghian
2006-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The explicit solution to the spectral problem of quantum graphs is used to obtain the exact distributions of several spectral statistics, such as the oscillations of the quantum momentum eigenvalues around the average, $\\delta k_{n}=k_{n}-\\bar k_{n}$, and the nearest neighbor separations, $s_{n}=k_{n}-k_{n-1}$.
Quantum secret sharing with qudit graph states
Keet, Adrian; Fortescue, Ben; Sanders, Barry C. [Institute for Quantum Information Science, University of Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4 (Canada); Markham, Damian [LTCI-CNRS, Telecom ParisTech, 37/39 rue Dareau, F-75014 Paris (France)
2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a unified formalism for threshold quantum secret sharing using graph states of systems with prime dimension. We construct protocols for three varieties of secret sharing: with classical and quantum secrets shared between parties over both classical and quantum channels.
Atomic Representations of Rank 2 Graph Algebras
Davidson, Ken
Atomic Representations of Rank 2 Graph Algebras Kenneth R. Davidson a , Stephen C. Power b , Dilian University, Lancaster LA1 4YF, U.K. Abstract We provide a detailed analysis of atomic -representations- posed into a direct sum or direct integral of irreducible atomic representations. The building blocks
Graph-Theoretic Connectivity Control of Mobile
Pappas, George J.
]Â[23]. This research has given rise to connectivity or topology control algorithms that regulate the transmission powerINVITED P A P E R Graph-Theoretic Connectivity Control of Mobile Robot Networks This paper develops an analysis for groups of vehicles connected by a communication network; control laws are formulated
Three Theorems Regarding Testing Graph Properties*
Trevisan, Luca
Three Theorems Regarding Testing Graph Properties* Oded Goldreich,1, Luca Trevisan2 1 Department-mail: luca@eecs.berkeley.edu Received 9 December 2001; accepted 18 September 2002 DOI 10.1002/rsa.10078 ABSTRACT: Property testing is a relaxation of decision problems in which it is required to distinguish YES
Parsimonious Flooding in Dynamic Graphs Herv Baumann
Fondements et Applications, Université Paris 7
Parsimonious Flooding in Dynamic Graphs Hervé Baumann University Paris Diderot herve bounds on their flooding time -- flooding is the basic mechanism in which every node becoming aware. In this paper, we establish tight bounds on the complexity of flooding for all possible birth rates and death
Hanford Site Groundwater Monitoring for Fiscal Year 2006
Hartman, Mary J.; Morasch, Launa F.; Webber, William D.
2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents the results of groundwater monitoring for FY 2006 on DOE's Hanford Site. Results of groundwater remediation, vadose zone monitoring, and characterization are summarized. DOE monitors groundwater at the Hanford Site to fulfill a variety of state and federal regulations, including the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), and Washington Administrative Code (WAC).
Numerical Simulation of Groundwater Withdrawal at the Nevada Test Site
Carroll, Rosemary; Giroux, Brian; Pohll, Greg; Hershey, Ronald; Russell, Charles; Howcroft, William
2004-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Alternative uses of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) may require large amounts of water to construct and/or operate. The only abundant source of water at the NTS is groundwater. This report describes preliminary modeling to quantify the amount of groundwater available for development from three hydrographic areas at the NTS. Modeling was conducted with a three-dimensional transient numerical groundwater flow model.
Frequent Subgraph Discovery in Large Attributed Streaming Graphs
Ray, Abhik; Holder, Larry; Choudhury, Sutanay
2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
The problem of finding frequent subgraphs in large dynamic graphs has so far only consid- ered a dynamic graph as being represented by a series of static snapshots taken at various points in time. This representation of a dynamic graph does not lend itself well to real time processing of real world graphs like social networks or internet traffic which consist of a stream of nodes and edges. In this paper we propose an algorithm that discovers the frequent subgraphs present in a graph represented by a stream of labeled nodes and edges. Our algorithm is efficient and consists of tunable parameters that can be tuned by the user to get interesting patterns from various kinds of graph data. In our model updates to the graph arrive in the form of batches which contain new nodes and edges. Our algorithm con- tinuously reports the frequent subgraphs that are estimated to be found in the entire graph as each batch arrives. We evaluate our system using 5 large dynamic graph datasets: the Hetrec 2011 challenge data, Twitter, DBLP and two synthetic. We evaluate our approach against two popular large graph miners, i.e., SUBDUE and GERM. Our experimental re- sults show that we can find the same frequent subgraphs as a non-incremental approach applied to snapshot graphs, and in less time.
Graph processing platforms at scale: practices and experiences
Lim, Seung-Hwan [ORNL; Lee, Sangkeun (Matt) [ORNL; Brown, Tyler C [ORNL; Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL; Ganesh, Gautam [ORNL
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Graph analysis unveils hidden associations of data in many phenomena and artifacts, such as road network, social networks, genomic information, and scientific collaboration. Unfortunately, a wide diversity in the characteristics of graphs and graph operations make it challenging to find a right combination of tools and implementation of algorithms to discover desired knowledge from the target data set. This study presents an extensive empirical study of three representative graph processing platforms: Pegasus, GraphX, and Urika. Each system represents a combination of options in data model, processing paradigm, and infrastructure. We benchmarked each platform using three popular graph operations, degree distribution, connected components, and PageRank over a variety of real-world graphs. Our experiments show that each graph processing platform shows different strength, depending the type of graph operations. While Urika performs the best in non-iterative operations like degree distribution, GraphX outputforms iterative operations like connected components and PageRank. In addition, we discuss challenges to optimize the performance of each platform over large scale real world graphs.
Line graphs e contrazioni: un approccio rigoroso alla space syntax
D'Autilia, Roberto
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The methods of the space syntax have been the subject of extensive discussion, and several techniques to identify the axis lines have been proposed. The space syntax can be represented in terms of line graph, a graphs defined on the edge of a given primary graph. By means of the line graph algorithms, a system of labels defined on the edges of the primary graph is transformed into a system of labels on the vertices of the line graph. The contraction of adjacent edges with the same label allows to build a more general graph than those generated with the methods of the space syntax. By means of the functions implemented in Mathematica is therefore possible to redefine the space syntax on any system of urban quantities (labels) and reproduce the results of the axial lines as a special case. As an example is discussed a possible application of the method to the urban noise analysis.
Polices for Controlling Groundwater Pollution from Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations
Wang, Jingjing
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ing for improved input or pollution management technologies.for optimal management of groundwater nitrate pollution fromof other management practices to pollution in addition to
Groundwater Resources Assessment under the Pressures of Humanity...
Resources Assessment under the Pressures of Humanity and Climate Change (GRAPHIC) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Groundwater Resources Assessment under...
Groundwater in the Southwestern Part of the Jemez Mountains Volcanic...
New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Groundwater in the Southwestern Part of the Jemez Mountains Volcanic Region,...
Soil and Groundwater Cleanup - In-Situ Grouting, Lessons Learned...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
000646EM-CSoilandGroundwaterCleanup-In-SituGroutingLessonsLearnedPostCD-415Jun11.pdf More Documents & Publications Type B Accident Investigation Board Report on the...
Source Water and Groundwater Withdrawal Permit Application Process...
Source Water and Groundwater Withdrawal Permit Application Process Guidance Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance -...
Groundwater, Legacy Soil Cleanup and Flood Recovery Top Lab's...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Laboratory's EM-supported Environmental Programs included remediation of chromium in groundwater, completion of a legacy contaminant soil cleanup project, and rapid recovery from a...
Chloride-Magnesium Ratio of Shallow Groundwaters as a Regional...
large number of hydrological wells in the state provides an appreciable source of groundwater chemical data. However, largely because of the island environment, interpretation...
Drinking Water and Groundwater Protection Division File Transfer...
Drinking Water and Groundwater Protection Division File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Site Instructions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Permitting...
Guidelines for the Protection of Surface and Groundwater Resources...
Guidelines for the Protection of Surface and Groundwater Resources During Exploration Drilling Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Guidelines...
Treatment Resin Reduces Costs, Materials in Hanford Groundwater...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Treatment Resin Reduces Costs, Materials in Hanford Groundwater Cleanup - Efficiency delivered more than 6 million in cost savings, 3 million in annual savings Treatment Resin...
Tracing And Quantifying Magmatic Carbon Discharge In Cold Groundwaters...
Tracing And Quantifying Magmatic Carbon Discharge In Cold Groundwaters- Lessons Learned From Mammoth Mountain, USA Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...
Hanford Site ground-water surveillance for 1989
Evans, J.C.; Bryce, R.W.; Bates, D.J.; Kemner, M.L.
1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
This annual report of ground-water surveillance activities provides discussions and listings of results for ground-water monitoring at the Hanford Site during 1989. The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) assesses the impacts of Hanford operations on the environment for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The impact Hanford operations has on ground water is evaluated through the Hanford Site Ground-Water Surveillance program. Five hundred and sixty-seven wells were sampled during 1989 for Hanford ground-water monitoring activities. This report contains a listing of analytical results for calendar year (CY) 1989 for species of importance as potential contaminants. 30 refs., 29 figs,. 4 tabs.
Key factors for determining groundwater impacts due to leakage...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Key factors for determining groundwater impacts due to leakage from geologic carbon sequestration reservoirs Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Key factors for determining...
Groundwater and Leachate Monitoring and Sampling at ERDF, CY 2010
Weiss, R. L.; Lawrence, B. L.
2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this annual monitoring report is to evaluate the conditions of and identify trends for groundwater beneath the ERDF and report leachate results in fulfillment of the requirements specified in the ERDF ROD2 and the ERDF Amended ROD (EPA 1999). The overall objective of the groundwater monitoring program is to determine whether ERDF has impacted the groundwater. This objective is complicated by the fact that the ERDF is situated downgradient of the numerous groundwater contamination plumes originating from the 200 West Area.
Unclassified Source Term and Radionuclide Data for the Groundwater...
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
the migration of radionuclides in the TYBO-BENHAM local groundwater system. The purpose of this study was to develop a modeling framework to evaluate the processes and...
Numerical investigation for the impact of CO2 geologic sequestration on regional groundwater flow
Yamamoto, H.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
11. Change in surface groundwater discharge due to CO 2Marui, A. , 2003. Deep groundwater in the Kanto Plain, J.in underground and regional groundwater flow-, Urban Kubota,
CONTAMINATION OF GROUNDWATER BY ORGANIC POLLUTANTS LEACHED FROM IN-SITU SPENT SHALE
Amy, Gary L.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Variables , , , , , , Groundwater Pollution Potential of In-temperature of 80°C. Groundwater batch experiments exam:tn:1 spent shale at 20°C Groundwater batch experiments exam:tn:
Short, Daniel
Evaluation of Pesticide Groundwater Pollution Potential from Standard Indices of Soil and prcdicts groundwater tnvel times and rcsiduel con- cenlrrtions that depend on soil and environmentel low and high potentisl for groundwater con- tamination. The calculations reveal a significant
Groundwater's significance to changing hydrology, water chemistry, and biological communities of former wetlands converted to agriculture. Interactions between groundwater and sur- face water have also groundwater's changing role, from a fresh- water storage reservoir that sustained the Everglades ecosystem
Ma, Lena
1. Title Study on Groundwater Quality Parameter Variation Due to Temperature Change in Calibration of Florida, Gainesville, FL 4. Abstract Measurement of groundwater quality parameters is essential shown that there is some variation in measured groundwater quality parameters when
Vermont, University of
Enhanced detection of groundwater contamination from a leaking waste disposal site by microbial August 2010; published 2 December 2010. [1] Groundwater biogeochemistry is adversely impacted when of groundwater contamination. We sampled profiles of the microbial community from monitoring wells surrounding
Cleaning Up Groundwater in Areas South and Southeast of Brookhaven National Laboratory
Cleaning Up Groundwater in Areas South and Southeast of Brookhaven National Laboratory This pamphlet summarizes the questions you or your neighbors raised about groundwater treatment systems National Laboratory have been listening to the concerns of the community about groundwater
Diffusion in random velocity fields with applications to contaminant transport in groundwater
Suciu, Nicolae
Diffusion in random velocity fields with applications to contaminant transport in groundwater is the mathematical object underlying cur- rently used stochastic models of transport in groundwater. The essential: Groundwater, Transport processes, Ergodicity, Random fields, Random walk, PDF methods 1. Introduction
Conrad, Mark
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of unsaturated zone and groundwater nitrate contaminationfor Past and Current Groundwater Flow and Contaminationwater extracted B1L4W8 T4 groundwater B1L4Y3 T4 groundwater
Lund, Jay R.
i Groundwater Overdraft in California's Central Valley: Updated CALVIN Modeling Using Recent CVHM water demands, groundwater availability, and local water management opportunities. This update project focused on improving groundwater representation in CALVIN, which included changing CALVIN groundwater
none,
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This plan provides a description of the groundwater and surface water quality monitoring activities planned for calendar year (CY) 2014 at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) that will be managed by the Y-12 Groundwater Protection Program (GWPP). Groundwater and surface water monitoring is performed by the GWPP during CY 2014 to achieve the following goals: to protect the worker, the public, and the environment; to maintain surveillance of existing and potential groundwater contamination sources; to provide for the early detection of groundwater contamination and determine the quality of groundwater and surface water where contaminants are most likely to migrate beyond the Oak Ridge Reservation property line; to identify and characterize long-term trends in groundwater quality at Y-12; and to provide data to support decisions concerning the management and protection of groundwater resources. Groundwater and surface water monitoring will be performed in three hydrogeologic regimes at Y-12.
A Quick Guide to Groundwater in Pennsylvania Groundwater is an important source of water
Boyer, Elizabeth W.
may originate from evaporation much closer to home. The sun powers the hydrologic cycle, evaporat- ing. The Hydrologic Cycle Any discussion of groundwater must start with an understanding of the hydrologic cycle, the move- ment of water in the environment. As the word "cycle" implies, there is no beginning or end
Lawrence, Deborah
be tapped artificially by the digging of wells. The study of the distribution and behavior of groundwater through the system. You are recharging your aquifer. 8. Insert a well into the aquifer (straw) & begin to pump the well & uptake water (drink!). Observe the impacts of water uptake without recharge. Watch
Probabilistic estimation and prediction of groundwater recharge in a semi-arid environment
Ng, Gene-Hua Crystal
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quantifying and characterizing groundwater recharge are critical for water resources management. Unfortunately, low recharge rates are difficult to resolve in dry environments, where groundwater is often most important. ...
Final_Groundwater_flowchart_June07.indd
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville Power AdministrationHawaiiEnergyFlorida July 9, 2009TweetREMEDIATE AND RESTORE GROUNDWATER TO HIGHEST
Groundwater Withdrawal Permit Application | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrothermDepew, NewAl., 2012)Information Ground Gravity Survey AtClimate ChangeGroundwater
Y-12 Groundwater Protection Program Groundwater Monitoring Data Compendium, Revision 1
None
2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document is a compendium of water quality and hydrologic characterization data obtained through December 2005 from the network of groundwater monitoring wells and surface water sampling stations (including springs and building sumps) at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee that have been sampled since January 2003. The primary objectives of this document, hereafter referenced as the Y-12 Groundwater Protection Program (GWPP) Compendium, are to: (1) Serve as a single-source reference for monitoring data that meet the requirements of the Y-12 GWPP, as defined in the Y-12 GWPP Management Plan (BWXT Y-12 L.L.C. [BWXT] 2004); (2) Maintain a detailed analysis and evaluation of the monitoring data for each applicable well, spring, and surface water sampling station, with a focus on results for the primary inorganic, organic, and radiological contaminants in groundwater and surface water at Y-12; and (3) Ensure retention of ''institutional knowledge'' obtained over the long-term (>20-year) history of groundwater and surface water monitoring at Y-12 and the related sources of groundwater and surface water contamination. To achieve these goals, the Y-12 GWPP Compendium brings together salient hydrologic, geologic, geochemical, water-quality, and environmental compliance information that is otherwise disseminated throughout numerous technical documents and reports prepared in support of completed and ongoing environmental contamination assessment, remediation, and monitoring activities performed at Y-12. The following subsections provide background information regarding the overall scope and format of the Y-12 GWPP Compendium and the planned approach for distribution and revision (i.e., administration) of this ''living'' document.
Thompson Creek, Poway, California THOMPSON CREEK GROUNDWATER SUSTAINABILITY STUDY
Ponce, V. Miguel
Thompson Creek, Poway, California THOMPSON CREEK GROUNDWATER SUSTAINABILITY STUDY Victor M. Ponce 07 May 2012 #12;EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The groundwater resources of Thompson Creek, in Poway, California. Significantly, a spring in Lower Thompson Creek, documented by USGS in the 1980s, is no longer there. Aquifer
PESTICIDE OCCURRENCE IN GROUNDWATER IN TULARE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
Zhang, Minghua
PESTICIDE OCCURRENCE IN GROUNDWATER IN TULARE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA MINGHUA ZHANG1 , SHU GENG2 , SUSAN to identify the major factors affecting pesticide leaching in groundwater from agricultural fields in Tulare between 1970 and 1982 (Cohen, 1986). Forty-nine percent of the wells sampled in Tulare County (Troiano
Boron isotope application for tracing sources of contamination in groundwater.
Kasher, Roni
Boron isotope application for tracing sources of contamination in groundwater. Abstract: Boron isotope composition and concentration of sewage effluent and pristine and contaminated groundwater from sodium perborate as a bleaching agent in detergents, leads to an enrichment of boron in wastewaters
2005 ASHRAE. 109 Groundwater heat pump systems using standing column
and hydraulic properties of the different "groundwater regions" of North America. INTRODUCTION Groundwater heat reasons) have been in the Northeast and Pacific Northwest of the United States and in adjacent parts of the wells and pump installation along with flow rates measured at the time of installation
Groundwater and Leachate Monitoring and Sampling at ERDF, CY 2009
R.L. Weiss, B.L. Lawrence, D.W. Woolery
2010-07-08T23:59:59.000Z
This document reports the findings of the groundwater and leachate monitoring and sampling at the Environmental restoration Disposal Facility for calendar year 2009. The purpose of this annual monitoring report is to evaluate the conditions of and identify trends for groundwater beneath the ERDF and report leachate results in fulfillment of the requirements specified in the ERDF ROD and the ERDF Amended ROD.
Nevada National Security Site Groundwater Program Welcomes Peer Review Team
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Recently, an independent peer review team was invited to assess the groundwater characterization program at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). This nationally recognized group of experts, from various external organizations, will examine the computer modeling approach developed to better understand how historic underground nuclear testing in Yucca Flat affected the groundwater.
Nevada National Security Site Groundwater Program Prepares for Peer Review
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
LAS VEGAS – The historic underground test area known as Yucca Flat is the focus of an upcoming independent peer review. In preparation, groundwater specialists working for the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) groundwater program have scheduled a week-long dry run in February.
Modeling the interaction between land surface and groundwater
Nebraska-Lincoln, University of
% of GW for irrigation. Groundwater was managed separately. GW systems and land surface intimately and human factors on GW systems. GW irrigation capacity and efficiency based on a watershed scale. How much-ground water models Irrigation efficiency Materials and methods Development of SGWM #12;Background Groundwater
In-situ remediation system for groundwater and soils
Corey, J.C.; Kaback, D.S.; Looney, B.B.
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention relates to a system for in-situ remediation of contaminated groundwater and soil. In particular the present invention relates to stabilizing toxic metals in groundwater and soil. The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC09-89SR18035 between the US Department of Energy and Westinghouse Savannah River Company.
Seismicity induced by seasonal groundwater recharge at Mt. Hood, Oregon
Manga, Michael
and narrow-width pore-fluid pressure signal. Time delays between this seasonal groundwater recharge-fluid pressure fraction, PP/P0W0.1, of the applied near-surface pore-fluid pressure perturbation, P0W0.1 MPa Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: hydroseismicity; groundwater; pore-£uid pressure; permeability
Spatial and Temporal Variations of Groundwater Arsenic in South and
van Geen, Alexander
in rural areas throughout the major river basins draining the Himalayas have become the main source. Arsenic enters groundwater naturally from rocks and sediment by coupled biogeochemical and hydrologic population exposed to unsafe As levels by drinking untreated groundwater in India, China, Myanmar, Pakistan
Procedures for ground-water investigations. Revision 1
Not Available
1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This manual was developed by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to document the procedures used to carry out and control the technical aspects of ground-water investigations at the PNL. Ground-water monitoring procedures are developed and used in accordance with the PNL Quality Assurance Program.
Development of a Parallel FVM based Groundwater Flow Model
Cirpka, Olaf Arie
. In this equation v denotes the Darcy-velocity of the uid (water) [m=s], q denotes the source / sink term [m 3 =(m. The momentum equation is simpli#12;ed yielding the well-known Darcy's Law: v = k f #3; grad h (2 Groundwater Flow Equation The continuity equation for stationary groundwater ow is given by: Z divf#26; #3
Analytical studies on transient groundwater flow induced by land reclamation
Jiao, Jiu Jimmy
Analytical studies on transient groundwater flow induced by land reclamation Litang Hu,1 Jiu Jimmy materials into the sea. Land reclamation may have a significant effect on groundwater regimes, especially when the reclamation is at large scale. Analytical studies on the impact of land reclamation on steady
Crunching Large Graphs with Commodity Processors
Nelson, Jacob E.; Myers, Brandon D.; Hunter, Andrew H.; Briggs, Preston; Ceze, Luis; Ebeling, William C.; Grossman, Dan; Kahan, Simon H.; Oskin, Mark
2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
Crunching large graphs is the basis of many emerging appli- cations, such as social network analysis and bioinformatics. Graph analytics algorithms exhibit little locality and therefore present signi?cant performance challenges. Hardware multi- threading systems (e.g, Cray XMT) show that with enough concurrency, we can tolerate long latencies. Unfortunately, this solution is not available with commodity parts. Our goal is to develop a latency-tolerant system built out of commodity parts and mostly in software. The proposed system includes a runtime that supports a large number of lightweight contexts, full-bit synchronization and a memory manager that provides a high-latency but high-bandwidth global shared memory. This paper lays out the vision for our system, and justi?es its feasibility with a performance analysis of the run- time for latency tolerance.
Local semicircle law for random regular graphs
Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau
2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.
Hanford Site groundwater monitoring: Setting, sources and methods
M.J. Hartman
2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z
Groundwater monitoring is conducted on the Hanford Site to meet the requirements of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA); Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA); U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) orders; and the Washington Administrative Code. Results of monitoring are published annually (e.g., PNNL-11989). To reduce the redundancy of these annual reports, background information that does not change significantly from year to year has been extracted from the annual report and published in this companion volume. This report includes a description of groundwater monitoring requirements, site hydrogeology, and waste sites that have affected groundwater quality or that require groundwater monitoring. Monitoring networks and methods for sampling, analysis, and interpretation are summarized. Vadose zone monitoring methods and statistical methods also are described. Whenever necessary, updates to information contained in this document will be published in future groundwater annual reports.
Modular, multi-level groundwater sampler
Nichols, R.L.; Widdowson, M.A.; Mullinex, H.; Orne, W.H.; Looney, B.B.
1994-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus is described for taking a multiple of samples of groundwater or pressure measurements from a well simultaneously. The apparatus comprises a series of chambers arranged in an axial array, each of which is dimensioned to fit into a perforated well casing and leave a small gap between the well casing and the exterior of the chamber. Seals at each end of the container define the limits to the axial portion of the well to be sampled. A submersible pump in each chamber pumps the groundwater that passes through the well casing perforations into the gap from the gap to the surface for analysis. The power lines and hoses for the chambers farther down the array pass through each chamber above them in the array. The seals are solid, water-proof, non-reactive, resilient disks supported to engage the inside surface of the well casing. Because of the modular design, the apparatus provides flexibility for use in a variety of well configurations. 3 figures.
Sanitary Landfill 1991 annual groundwater monitoring report
Thompson, C.Y.; Norrell, G.T.; Bennett, C.B.
1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Savannah River Site (SRS) Sanitary Landfill is an approximately seventy acre site located just south of SRS Road C between the Savannah River Site`s B-Area and Upper Three Runs Creek. Results from the first through third quarter 1991 groundwater monitoring date continue to show evidence of elevated levels of several hazardous constituents beneath the Sanitary Landfill: tritium, vinyl chloride, total radium, cadmium, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, 1,2 dichloroethane, 1,4 dichlorobenzene, trichloroethylene (TCE), tetrachloroethylene, and 1,1 dichloroethylene in excess of the primary drinking water standards were observed in at least one well monitoring the Sanitary Landfill during the third quarter of 1991. All of these constituents, except radium, were observed in the lower half of the original thirty-two acre site or the southern expansion site. Trichloroethylene and vinyl chloride are the primary organic contaminants in groundwater beneath the Sanitary Landfill. Vinyl chloride has become the primary contaminant during 1991. Elevated levels of benzene were consistently detected in LFW 7 in the past, but were not present in any LFW wells during the third quarter of 1991. A minor tritium plume is present in the central part of original thirty-two acre landfill. Elevated levels of tritium above the PDWS were consistently present in LFW 10A through 1991. This well has exhibited elevated tritium activities since the second quarter of 1989. Contaminant concentrations in the Sanitary Landfill are presented and discussed in this report.
Sanitary Landfill 1991 annual groundwater monitoring report
Thompson, C.Y.; Norrell, G.T.; Bennett, C.B.
1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Savannah River Site (SRS) Sanitary Landfill is an approximately seventy acre site located just south of SRS Road C between the Savannah River Site's B-Area and Upper Three Runs Creek. Results from the first through third quarter 1991 groundwater monitoring date continue to show evidence of elevated levels of several hazardous constituents beneath the Sanitary Landfill: tritium, vinyl chloride, total radium, cadmium, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, 1,2 dichloroethane, 1,4 dichlorobenzene, trichloroethylene (TCE), tetrachloroethylene, and 1,1 dichloroethylene in excess of the primary drinking water standards were observed in at least one well monitoring the Sanitary Landfill during the third quarter of 1991. All of these constituents, except radium, were observed in the lower half of the original thirty-two acre site or the southern expansion site. Trichloroethylene and vinyl chloride are the primary organic contaminants in groundwater beneath the Sanitary Landfill. Vinyl chloride has become the primary contaminant during 1991. Elevated levels of benzene were consistently detected in LFW 7 in the past, but were not present in any LFW wells during the third quarter of 1991. A minor tritium plume is present in the central part of original thirty-two acre landfill. Elevated levels of tritium above the PDWS were consistently present in LFW 10A through 1991. This well has exhibited elevated tritium activities since the second quarter of 1989. Contaminant concentrations in the Sanitary Landfill are presented and discussed in this report.
Parameters of Integral Circulant Graphs and Periodic Quantum Dynamics
Nitin Saxena; Simone Severini; Igor Shparlinski
2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
The intention of the paper is to move a step towards a classification of network topologies that exhibit periodic quantum dynamics. We show that the evolution of a quantum system, whose hamiltonian is identical to the adjacency matrix of a circulant graph, is periodic if and only if all eigenvalues of the graph are integers (that is, the graph is integral). Motivated by this observation, we focus on relevant properties of integral circulant graphs. Specifically, we bound the number of vertices of integral circulant graphs in terms of their degree, characterize bipartiteness and give exact bounds for their diameter. Additionally, we prove that circulant graphs with odd order do not allow perfect state transfer.
Dynamics of entanglement of bosonic modes on symmetric graphs
F. Ghahhari; V. Karimipour; R. Shahrokhshahi
2006-11-23T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the dynamics of an initially disentangled Gaussian state on a general finite symmetric graph. As concrete examples we obtain properties of this dynamics on mean field graphs of arbitrary sizes. In the same way that chains can be used for transmitting entanglement by their natural dynamics, these graphs can be used to store entanglement. We also consider two kinds of regular polyhedron which show interesting features of entanglement sharing.
Nodal Parity Invariants of Knotted Rigid Vertex Graphs
Kauffman, Louis H
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper introduces new invariants of rigid vertex graph embeddings by using non-local combinatorial information that is available at each graphical node. The new non-local information that we use in this paper involves parity in the Gauss code of the underlying graph. We apply these methods to graphs in classical and virtual knot theory, and we give formulations for applications to the topology of protein folding.
k-Boson Quantum Walks Do Not Distinguish Arbitrary Graphs
Jamie Smith
2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we define k-equivalence, a relation on graphs that relies on their associated cellular algebras. We show that a k-Boson quantum walk cannot distinguish pairs of graphs that are k- equivalent. The existence of pairs of k-equivalent graphs has been shown by Ponomarenko et al. [2, 6]. This gives a negative answer to a question posed by Gamble et al. [7].
Large induced forests in sparse graphs , Dhruv Mubayi
Shamir, Ron
(G) of G. Given a graph G, let NG(v) or simply N(v) denote the set of neighbors of vertex v. For sets
An efficient semidefinite programming relaxation for the graph ...
2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
can be computed efficiently for larger graphs that have suitable algebraic symmetry. For a comparison of the SDP bounds for the GEP, see [45]. While the GEP is ...
On the Adequacy of Program Dependence Graphs for Representing Programs
Reps, Thomas W.
introduced by Kuck as an intermediate program representation well suited for performing optimizations are strongly equivalent. 1. Introduction Program dependence graphs were introduced by Kuck as an intermediate
Quasiperiodic graphs: structural design, scaling and entropic properties
Bartolo Luque; Fernando J. Ballesteros; Ángel M. Núñez; Alberto Robledo
2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
A novel class of graphs, here named quasiperiodic, are constructed via application of the Horizontal Visibility algorithm to the time series generated along the quasiperiodic route to chaos. We show how the hierarchy of mode-locked regions represented by the Farey tree is inherited by their associated graphs. We are able to establish, via Renormalization Group (RG) theory, the architecture of the quasiperiodic graphs produced by irrational winding numbers with pure periodic continued fraction. And finally, we demonstrate that the RG fixed-point degree distributions are recovered via optimization of a suitably defined graph entropy.
Computing the Stretch of an Embedded Graph Sergio Cabello
Cabello, Sergio
. GIG/11/E023. 1 #12;Here, len() denotes the number of edges in and a cycle is a closed walk in a graph
course web site Note: For all homework assignments, when graphs and plots are
Palmeri, Thomas
PSY318! Week 4 #12;course web site #12;Note: For all homework assignments, when graphs and plots web site is a simple example of some Matlab code for creating line and bar graphs: Graph
Hanford Site ground-water monitoring for 1994
Dresel, P.E.; Thorne, P.D.; Luttrell, S.P. [and others
1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents the results of the Ground-Water Surveillance Project monitoring for calendar year 1994 on the Hanford Site, Washington. Hanford Site operations from 1943 onward produced large quantities of radiologic and chemical waste that have impacted ground-water quality on the Site. Monitoring of water levels and ground-water chemistry is performed to track the extent of contamination and trends in contaminant concentrations. The 1994 monitoring was also designed to identify emerging ground-water quality problems. The information obtained is used to verify compliance with applicable environmental regulations and to evaluate remedial actions. Data from other monitoring and characterization programs were incorporated to provide an integrated assessment of Site ground-water quality. Additional characterization of the Site`s geologic setting and hydrology was performed to support the interpretation of contaminant distributions. Numerical modeling of sitewide ground-water flow also supported the overall project goals. Water-level monitoring was performed to evaluate ground-water flow directions, to track changes in water levels, and to relate such changes to changes in site disposal practices. Water levels over most of the Hanford Site continued to decline between June 1993 and June 1994. These declines are part of the continued response to the cessation of discharge to U Pond and other disposal facilities. The low permeability in this area which enhanced mounding of waste-water discharge has also slowed the response to the reduction of disposal.
McKenzie, Jeffrey M.
Exchange of groundwater and surfacewater mediated by permafrost response to seasonal and long term impact hydrologic cycle processes by promoting or impeding groundwater and surface water exchange. Under between groundwater and surface water. A coupled heat transport and groundwater flow model, SUTRA
Stakeholder Quotes for USGS Circulars 1352-1360 on Water Quality of the Nation's Groundwater
of the Nation's Groundwater Examples of How USGS Science is Informing Groundwater Quality Management of groundwater quality in the High Plains aquifer will be invaluable for local and statewide management toward sustainable groundwater resources of this important aquifer system."--Jim Goeke, Professor and Research
CHAPTER 8: GROUNDWATER PROTECTION 1998 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT8-1
CHAPTER 8: GROUNDWATER PROTECTION 1998 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT8-1 8C H A P T E R Groundwater Protection The Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Groundwater Pro- tection Program is made up of four aggressive pollution prevention measures to protect groundwater resources, BNL has established an extensive
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 Monitoring groundwater storage changes in the highly1 seasonal humid tropics: validation of GRACE the seasonality and trend in groundwater storage associated with intensive groundwater19 abstraction for dry to 2007) groundwater storage changes21 (GWS) correlate well (r=0.77 to 0.93, p-value
Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Groundwater Protection Management Program Plan
Washington Regulatory and Environmental Services
2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The DOE established the Groundwater Monitoring Program (GMP) (WP 02-1) to monitor groundwater resources at WIPP. In the past, the GMP was conducted to establish background data of existing conditions of groundwater quality and quantity in the WIPP vicinity, and to develop and maintain a water quality database as required by regulation. Today the GMP is conducted consistent with 204.1.500 NMAC (New MexicoAdministrative Code), "Adoption of 40 CFR [Code of Federal Regulations] Part 264,"specifically 40 CFR §264.90 through §264.101. These sections of 20.4.1 NMAC provide guidance for detection monitoring of groundwater that is, or could be, affected by waste management activities at WIPP. Detection monitoring at WIPP is designed to detect contaminants in the groundwater long before the general population is exposed. Early detection will allow cleanup efforts to be accomplished before any exposure to the general population can occur. Title 40 CFR Part 264, Subpart F, stipulates minimum requirements of Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (42 United States Code [U.S.C.] §6901 et seq.) (RCRA) groundwater monitoring programs including the number and location of monitoring wells; sampling and reporting schedules; analytical methods and accuracy requirements; monitoring parameters; and statistical treatment of monitoring data. This document outlines how WIPP intends to protect and preserve groundwater within the WIPP Land Withdrawal Area (WLWA). Groundwater protection is just one aspect of the WIPP environmental protection effort. An overview of the entire environmental protection effort can be found in DOE/WIPP 99-2194, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Environmental Monitoring Plan. The WIPP GMP is designed to statistically determine if any changes are occurring in groundwater characteristics within and surrounding the WIPP facility. If a change is noted, the cause will then be determined and the appropriate corrective action(s) initiated.
The Savannah River Site's Groundwater Monitoring Program
Not Available
1992-01-10T23:59:59.000Z
The Environmental Protection Department/Environmental Monitoring Section (EPD/EMS) administers the Savannah River Site's (SRS) Groundwater Monitoring Program. During second quarter 1991 EPD/EMS conducted extensive sampling of monitoring wells. EPD/EMS established two sets of flagging criteria in 1986 to assist in the management of sample results. The flagging criteria do not define contamination levels; instead, they aid personnel in sample scheduling, interpretation of data, and trend identification. Beginning in 1991, the flagging criteria are based on EPA drinking water standards and method detection limits. A detailed explanation of the current flagging criteria is presented in the Flagging Criteria section of this document. Analytical results from second quarter 1991 are listed in this report.
Understanding what lies beneath: Groundwater critical to Texas water
Wythe, Kathy
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of organizations and programs associated with groundwater in Texas: Aquifers: Geological formations that can store, transmit, and yield groundwater to a well or spring. Groundwater comes from nine major and 21 minor aquifers in Texas. Confined aquifer: Layer... of water that is held between two layers of clay. The recharge area is limited to land surface where the aquifer?s geologic material is exposed to the land surface. Unconfined aquifer: Layer of water that has a confining layer on bottom and a layer...
Graph searching and a generalized parking function
Kostic, Dimitrije Nenad
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
sequence (a1,a2,...,an) of non-negative integers for which there exists a permutation pi ?Sn such that 0 ?api(i) ?i?1 for all indexes i. In other words, if we choose a permutation pi such that api(1) ?api(2) ? ...? api(n) then we have (api(1),api(2),...,api... if at the end of this process we have removed all vertices from consideration. More formally, Proposition 7. A vertex function is a G-parking function if and only if there exists an ordering pi(1),pi(2),...,pi(n) of the vertices of a graph G such that for every...
Spectral properties of magnetic chain graphs
Pavel Exner; Stepan Manko
2015-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss spectral properties of a charged quantum particle confined to a chain graph consisting of an infinite array of rings under influence of a magnetic field assuming a $\\delta$-coupling at the points where the rings touch. We start with the situation when the system has a translational symmetry and analyze spectral consequences of perturbations of various kind, such as a local change of the magnetic field, of the coupling constant, or of a ring circumference. A particular attention is paid to weak perturbations, both local and periodic; for the latter we prove a version of Saxon-Hutner conjecture.
Graph Transformation and Intuitionistic Linear Logic
Ulidowski, Irek
; } } CISA Â p. #12;L1 L2 x y pt t L3 pt pt nx L1 L2 x y pt t L3 pt pt nx pt nx pt nx l[0] NULLx x y L1 L3L1y x L2 pt pt nx L3 L2 y nxpt pt pointer cell nx pt INITIAL STATE TYPE GRAPH RULE 1 RULE 2 CISA Â p. #12;ILL representation Definitions ptlist(x, l) pt(x, Hd(l)) list(l) list(h#l) nx(h, Hd(l)) list
Scalability Analysis of Partitioning Strategies for Finite Element Graphs. \\Lambda
Kumar, Vipin
Scalability Analysis of Partitioning Strategies for Finite Element Graphs. \\Lambda Grama Y. Ananth Y. Grama ananth@cs:umn:edu Abstract Issues of partitioning Finite Element Graphs are central for implementing the Finite Element Method (FEM). Parallel formulations of finite element techniques require
The Generic Graph Component Library Dr. Dobb's Journal September 2000
Lumsdaine, Andrew
by Jeremy G. Siek and Andrew Lumsdaine). The most important aspect of designing the library was to defineThe Generic Graph Component Library Dr. Dobb's Journal September 2000 Generic programming for graph.nd.edu, and lumsg@lsc.nd.edu, respectively. The Standard Template Library has established a solid foundation
Bicyclic graphs with exactly two main signless Laplacian eigenvalues
Huang, He
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A signless Laplacian eigenvalue of a graph $G$ is called a main signless Laplacian eigenvalue if it has an eigenvector the sum of whose entries is not equal to zero. In this paper, all connected bicyclic graphs with exactly two main eigenvalues are determined.
Priority Algorithms for Graph Optimization Problems Allan Borodin
Larsen, Kim Skak
Priority Algorithms for Graph Optimization Problems Allan Borodin University of Toronto bor of priority or "greedy-like" algorithms as initiated in [10] and as extended to graph theoretic problems, there are several natural input formulations for a given problem and we show that priority algorithm bounds
The Parallel BGL: A Generic Library for Distributed Graph Computations
Lumsdaine, Andrew
] and written in a style similar to the C++ Standard Template Library (STL) [38, 46], 1 #12;data types providedThe Parallel BGL: A Generic Library for Distributed Graph Computations Douglas Gregor and Andrew,lums}@osl.iu.edu Abstract This paper presents the Parallel BGL, a generic C++ library for distributed graph computation
GRAPH THEORETIC APPROACHES TO INJECTIVITY IN CHEMICAL REACTION SYSTEMS
Craciun, Gheorghe
GRAPH THEORETIC APPROACHES TO INJECTIVITY IN CHEMICAL REACTION SYSTEMS MURAD BANAJI AND GHEORGHE algebraic and graph theoretic conditions for injectivity of chemical reaction systems. After developing the possibility of multiple equilibria in the systems in question. Key words. Chemical reactions; Injectivity; SR
Semidefinite programming and eigenvalue bounds for the graph ...
2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
Page 1 ... Using what we call the Laplacian algebra of a graph, we ..... Let us now consider graphs with symmetry, and assume that the data matrices of .... constraints (16) and (17) (respectively) don't occur precisely because of the vanishing of.
Albert R Meyer April 1, 2013 sexgraph.1 Graph Theory
Meyer, Albert R.
1 Albert R Meyer April 1, 2013 sexgraph.1 Graph Theory & Sex Albert R Meyer April 1, 2013 sexgraph women partners Albert R Meyer April 1, 2013 sexgraph.3 Sex in America: Men more Promiscuous? Studies this is nonsense Albert R Meyer April 1, 2013 sexgraph.4 M partners F Sex Partner Graph #12;2 Albert R Meyer April
Statistical Selection of Congruent Subspaces for Mining Attributed Graphs
Antwerpen, Universiteit
Statistical Selection of Congruent Subspaces for Mining Attributed Graphs Patricia Iglesias S (KIT), Germany University of Antwerp, Belgium {patricia.iglesias, emmanuel.mueller, fabian.laforet, fabian.keller, klemens.boehm}@kit.edu Abstract--Current mining algorithms for attributed graphs exploit
An Introduction to Game Trees Ross Casebolt --Graph Theory
Laison, Josh
Ross Casebolt -- Graph Theory Lobsters vs Caterpillars! #12;What is a game? Definition (Game) A game G Theory Lobsters vs Caterpillars! #12;What is a game? Definition (Game) A game G must satisfy Ross Casebolt -- Graph Theory Lobsters vs Caterpillars! #12;What is a game? Definition (Game) A game G
Querying RDF Data from a Graph Database Perspective
Baeza-Yates, Ricardo
}@dcc.uchile.cl Agenda · Motivations, Problem and Proposal · Database Models · Graph Database Models · RDF as data model of data model with inherent graph structure. · Database models and query languages should support its that a query language for RDF should provide. Database Models Data structures Operators and Query Language
Grid Intersection Graphs and Order Dimension Steven Chaplick
Felsner, Stefan
in Figure 2. A grid intersection graph (GIG) is an intersection graph of horizontal and vertical segments intersects, some authors prefer to call this class pure-GIG. If G admits a grid Supported by ESF Euro Structures' (GRK 1408) 1 #12;bipartite permutation Stick 3-DORG UGIGStabGIG GIG 4-DORG SegRay 2-DORG Bip
Critical behavior in inhomogeneous random graphs Remco van der Hofstad
Hofstad, Remco van der
Critical behavior in inhomogeneous random graphs Remco van der Hofstad June 10, 2010 Abstract We study the critical behavior of inhomogeneous random graphs where edges are present independently but with unequal edge occupation probabilities. The edge probabilities are moderated by vertex weights
On global offensive k-alliances in graphs
Bermudo, Sergio; Sigarreta, Jose M; Yero, Ismael G
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the relationship between global offensive $k$-alliances and some characteristic sets of a graph including $r$-dependent sets and $\\tau$-dominating sets. As a consequence of the study, we obtain bounds on the global offensive $k$-alliance number in terms of several parameters of the graph.
Generalized Graph Products for Network Design and Analysis
Roughan, Matthew
Generalized Graph Products for Network Design and Analysis Eric Parsonage, Hung X. Nguyen, Rhys--Network design, as it is currently practiced, involves putting devices together to create a network. However as a whole object. In this paper we develop generalized graph products that allow the mathematical design
Hierarchical Remote Sensing Image Analysis via Graph Laplacian Energy
Zhou, Jun
1 Hierarchical Remote Sensing Image Analysis via Graph Laplacian Energy Zhang Huigang, Bai Xiao for an efficient image description, which may cause increased computational complexity. In this paper, we propose a new hierarchical segmentation method that applies graph Laplacian energy as a generic measure
Bond graph models of electromechanical systems. The AC generator case
Batlle, Carles
to an AC generator, and the case of permanent magnets is also considered. The corresponding bond graphs in Section III, and Section IV discusses the permanent magnet case. Finally, Section V, statesBond graph models of electromechanical systems. The AC generator case Carles Batlle Department
SPATIAL POINT PROCESSES AND GRAPH BASED STATISTICAL FEATURES
Jyväskylä, University of
2010 2000 Mathematics Subject Classification. 60G55, 62-07, 62M30. ISSN 1457-9235 #12;SPATIAL POINT Classification. 60G55, 62-07, 62M30. 1 #12;Spatial point processes and graph based statistical features Tuomas library has been developed for the computation of the graph-based summaries. Keywords: Spatial point
Scaling Semantic Graph Databases in Size and Performance
Morari, Alessandro; Castellana, Vito G.; Villa, Oreste; Tumeo, Antonino; Weaver, Jesse R.; Haglin, David J.; Choudhury, Sutanay; Feo, John T.
2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we present SGEM, a full software system for accelerating large-scale semantic graph databases on commodity clusters. Unlike current approaches, SGEM addresses semantic graph databases by only employing graph methods at all the levels of the stack. On one hand, this allows exploiting the space efficiency of graph data structures and the inherent parallelism of graph algorithms. These features adapt well to the increasing system memory and core counts of modern commodity clusters. On the other hand, however, these systems are optimized for regular computation and batched data transfers, while graph methods usually are irregular and generate fine-grained data accesses with poor spatial and temporal locality. Our framework comprises a SPARQL to data parallel C compiler, a library of parallel graph methods and a custom, multithreaded runtime system. We introduce our stack, motivate its advantages with respect to other solutions and show how we solved the challenges posed by irregular behaviors. We present the result of our software stack on the Berlin SPARQL benchmarks with datasets up to 10 billion triples (a triple corresponds to a graph edge), demonstrating scaling in dataset size and in performance as more nodes are added to the cluster.
Rapidly mixing Markov chains for dismantleable constraint graphs
Dyer, Martin
Rapidly mixing Markov chains for dismantleable constraint graphs Martin Dyer Mark Jerrum Eric adjacency. Brightwell and Winkler introduced the notion of dismantleable constraint graph to characterize proportional to vVG ((v)). We prove, for each dismantleable H, that there exist positive constant fugacities
Math 304 Handout: Linear algebra, graphs, and networks.
Anshelevich, Michael
and adjacency matrices. 1 2. Word search 3 3. Ranking the web pages. 4 1. GRAPHS AND ADJACENCY MATRICES. Â· The World Wide Web is a directed graph, with web pages as vertices and links as edges. Â· Towns connected column corresponds to a web page, each row to a word, and each entry is 1 if a particular word occurs
An Experimental Comparison of Pregel-like Graph Processing Systems
Daudjee, Khuzaima
Attribution- NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this li- cense, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc Apache Hama [2], Apache Giraph [1], Catch the Wind (CatchW) [34], GPS [32], GraphLab [28] (which now incorporates PowerGraph [18]), and Mizan [23]. The relative performance characteristics of such systems
Analogical Representation and Graph Comprehension Aidan Feeney and Lara Webber
comprehension make the assumption that viewers build up a wholly propositional description of the graph a scale of two different levels of a variable, one may extract information about the value of each level with the information presented in the graph. A is high on the scale B is low on the scale A is higher on the scale than
On the concurrent semantics of Algebraic Graph Grammars #
Baldan, Paolo
â??a di Pisa, Italy baldan@dsi.unive.it andrea@di.unipi.it Abstract. Graph grammars are a powerful model. These semantics have served as basis for the development of a variety of modelling and verification techniques graph transformation systems as an alternative model of concurrency, extending Petri nets. The basic
Power Domination in Cylinders, Tori, and Generalized Petersen Graphs
Ferrero, Daniela - Department of Mathematics, Texas State University
of graphs by Haynes et al. in 2002 [7]. Indeed, an electrical power network can be modeled by a graph where for power system monitoring. The minimum cardi- nality of a PDS of G is its power domination number. INTRODUCTION Electric power companies need to monitor the state of their networks continually. The state
Unicyclic graphs with large energy Eric Ould Dadah Andriantiana 1
Wagner, Stephan
Unicyclic graphs with large energy Eric Ould Dadah Andriantiana 1 and Stephan Wagner 2 Department Abstract We study the energy (i.e., the sum of the absolute values of all eigenvalues) of so- called on the largest and second-largest energy of a unicyclic graph due to Caporossi, Cvetkovi´c, Gutman and Hansen
none,
2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents data summary tables and maps used to define and illustrate the approximate lateral extent of groundwater contamination at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The data tables and maps address the primary (i.e., most widespread and mobile) organic, inorganic, and radiological contaminants in the groundwater. The sampling locations, calculated contaminant concentrations, plume boundary values, and paired map format used to define, quantify, delineate, and illustrate the approximate extent of the primary organic, inorganic, and radiological contaminants in groundwater at Y-12 are described.
An Experiment on Graph Analysis Methodologies for Scenarios
Brothers, Alan J.; Whitney, Paul D.; Wolf, Katherine E.; Kuchar, Olga A.; Chin, George
2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
Visual graph representations are increasingly used to represent, display, and explore scenarios and the structure of organizations. The graph representations of scenarios are readily understood, and commercial software is available to create and manage these representations. The purpose of the research presented in this paper is to explore whether these graph representations support quantitative assessments of the underlying scenarios. The underlying structure of the scenarios is the information that is being targeted in the experiment and the extent to which the scenarios are similar in content. An experiment was designed that incorporated both the contents of the scenarios and analysts’ graph representations of the scenarios. The scenarios’ content was represented graphically by analysts, and both the structure and the semantics of the graph representation were attempted to be used to understand the content. The structure information was not found to be discriminating for the content of the scenarios in this experiment; but, the semantic information was discriminating.
Transport of Injected Isobutane by Thermal Groundwater in Long...
Injected Isobutane by Thermal Groundwater in Long Valley Caldera, California, USA, In- Water-Rock Interaction-11 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...
Surface Water and Groundwater Use and Protection (Mississippi)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The purpose of the Surface and Groundwater Use and Protection is to ensure that Mississippi's public resource of water is safe and used properly. It requires that any person must obtain a permit...
Oak Ridge Removes Laboratory's Greatest Source of Groundwater...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Workers remove the 4,000-gallon Tank W-1A, which was ORNLs greatest source of groundwater contamination. Workers remove the 4,000-gallon Tank W-1A, which was ORNL's greatest...
Groundwater Protection Rules Coal Mining Operations (West Virginia)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
These rules establish a series of practices for the protection of groundwater which are to be followed by any person who conducts coal mining operations subject to the provisions of West Virginia...
Priority Groundwater Management Areas: Overview and Frequently Asked Questions
Silvy, Valeen; Lesikar, Bruce J.; Persyn, Russell A.
2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
are seeking specific legal advice, please consult with an attorney. Contents Overview ..................................9 Texas water sources and uses .................................. 9 Aquifers ..................................10 Confined aquifers... .................................................... 10 Unconfined aquifers ............................................... 10 Groundwater issues ...............14 Shortages .................................................................. 14 Subsidence...
In Situ Iron Oxide Emplacement for Groundwater Arsenic Remediation
Abia, Thomas Sunday
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
for additional arsenic removal. Several bench-scale experiments revealed that the resultant IOCS could treat arsenic-laden groundwater for extended periods of time before approaching its effective life cycle. The adsorption capacity for As(III) and As...
Hanford Site Groundwater Monitoring for Fiscal Year 2004
Hartman, Mary J.; Morasch, Launa F.; Webber, William D.
2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document presents the results of groundwater and vadose zone monitoring for fiscal year 2004 (October 2003 through September 2004)on the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site in southeast Washington State.
In Situ Iron Oxide Emplacement for Groundwater Arsenic Remediation
Abia, Thomas Sunday
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
for additional arsenic removal. Several bench-scale experiments revealed that the resultant IOCS could treat arsenic-laden groundwater for extended periods of time before approaching its effective life cycle. The adsorption capacity for As(III) and As...
Groundwater decline and the preservation of property in Boston
Shoham, Tamar
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
There is a slow-motion disaster underway below the city of Boston. The levels of groundwater have been steadily decreasing over the past eighty years and the structural integrity of the city's older buildings is in jeopardy. ...
Groundwater and Leachate Monitoring and Sampling at ERDF, CY 2006
R. L. Weiss
2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this annual monitoring report is to evaluate the conditions of and identify trends for groundwater beneath the ERDF and to report leachate results in fulfillment of the requirements specified in the ERDF ROD.
Groundwater and Leachate Monitoring and Sampling at ERDF, CY 2006
R. L. Weiss
2007-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this annual monitoring report is to evaluate the conditions of and identify trends for groundwater beneath the ERDF and to report leachate results in fulfillment of the requirements specified in the ERDF ROD.
Tracing And Quantifying Magmatic Carbon Discharge In Cold Groundwaters...
the groundwater system was essentially complete. Some of the waters contain magmatic helium with 3He4He ratios as high as 4.5 times the atmospheric ratio, and a magmatic...
Sunding, David L.; Hamilton, Stephen F; Ajami, Newsha K
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Optimal Management of Groundwater over Space and Time. ”Optimal Control in Groundwater Pumping,” Water ResourcesYear ???? Paper ???? Groundwater Management and the Cost of
Shaw, Glenn David
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
L. Michel, and P. Schlosser, Groundwater residence times inevolution of shallow groundwater as recorded by springs,stream flow, and groundwater exchanges in alpine streams,
Voss, Katalyn A; Famiglietti, James S; Lo, MinHui; de Linage, Caroline; Rodell, Matthew; Swenson, Sean C
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Wilson (2007), Estimating groundwater storage changes in theGlobal depletion of groundwater resources, Geophys. Res.table decline on the groundwater quality in Marand Plain,
International energy indicators. [Statistical tables and graphs
Bauer, E.K. (ed.)
1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
International statistical tables and graphs are given for the following: (1) Iran - Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-April 1980; (2) Saudi Arabia - Crude Oil Capacity, Production, and Shut-in, March 1974-Apr 1980; (3) OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia) - Capacity, Production and Shut-in, June 1974-March 1980; (4) Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, January 1973-February 1980; (5) Oil Stocks - Free World, US, Japan, and Europe (Landed, 1973-1st Quarter, 1980); (6) Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, January 1973-December 1979; (7) USSR Crude Oil Production and Exports, January 1974-April 1980; and (8) Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, January 1973-March 1980. Similar statistical tables and graphs included for the United States include: (1) Imports of Crude Oil and Products, January 1973-April 1980; (2) Landed Cost of Saudi Oil in Current and 1974 Dollars, April 1974-January 1980; (3) US Trade in Coal, January 1973-March 1980; (4) Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-March 1980; and (5) US Energy/GNP Ratio, 1947 to 1979.
Component evolution in general random intersection graphs
Bradonjic, Milan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hagberg, Aric [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hengartner, Nick [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Percus, Allon G [CLAREMONT GRADUATE UNIV.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze component evolution in general random intersection graphs (RIGs) and give conditions on existence and uniqueness of the giant component. Our techniques generalize the existing methods for analysis on component evolution in RIGs. That is, we analyze survival and extinction properties of a dependent, inhomogeneous Galton-Watson branching process on general RIGs. Our analysis relies on bounding the branching processes and inherits the fundamental concepts from the study on component evolution in Erdos-Renyi graphs. The main challenge becomes from the underlying structure of RIGs, when the number of offsprings follows a binomial distribution with a different number of nodes and different rate at each step during the evolution. RIGs can be interpreted as a model for large randomly formed non-metric data sets. Besides the mathematical analysis on component evolution, which we provide in this work, we perceive RIGs as an important random structure which has already found applications in social networks, epidemic networks, blog readership, or wireless sensor networks.
Noisy entanglement evolution for graph states
L. Aolita; D. Cavalcanti; R. Chaves; C. Dhara; L. Davidovich; A. Acin
2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z
A general method for the study of the entanglement evolution of graph states under the action of Pauli was recently proposed in [Cavalcanti, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 030502 (2009)]. This method is based on lower and upper bounds on the entanglement of the entire state as a function only of the state of a considerably-smaller subsystem, which undergoes an effective noise process. This provides a huge simplification on the size of the matrices involved in the calculation of entanglement in these systems. In the present paper we elaborate on this method in details and generalize it to other natural situations not described by Pauli maps. Specifically, for Pauli maps we introduce an explicit formula for the characterization of the resulting effective noise. Beyond Pauli maps, we show that the same ideas can be applied to the case of thermal reservoirs at arbitrary temperature. In the latter case, we discuss how to optimize the bounds as a function of the noise strength. We illustrate our ideas with explicit exemplary results for several different graphs and particular decoherence processes. The limitations of the method are also discussed.
Least-Cost Groundwater Remediation Design Using Uncertain Hydrogeological Information
Pinder, George F.
1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The research conducted by at the Research Center for Groundwater Remediation Design at the University of Vermont funded by the Department of Energy continues to focus on the implementation of a new method of including uncertainty into the optimal design of groundwater remediation systems. The uncertain parameter is the hydraulic conductivity of an aquifer. The optimization method utilized for this project is called robust optimization. The uncertainty of the hydraulic conductivity is described by a probability density function, PDF.
Hanford Site groundwater monitoring for fiscal year 1996
Hartman, M.J.; Dresel, P.E.; Borghese, J.V. [eds.] [and others] [eds.; and others
1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents the results of groundwater and vadose-zone monitoring for fiscal year (FY) 1996 on the Hanford Site, Washington. Hanford Site operations from 1943 onward produced large quantities of radiological and chemical waste that affected groundwater quality on the site. Characterization and monitoring of the vadose zone during FY 1996 comprised primarily spectral gamma logging, soil-gas monitoring, and electrical resistivity tomography. Water-level monitoring was performed to evaluate groundwater-flow directions, to track changes in water levels, and to relate such changes to evolving disposal practices. Water levels over most of the Hanford Site continued to decline between June 1995 and June 1996. Groundwater chemistry was monitored to track the extent of contamination, to note trends, and to identify emerging groundwater-quality problems. The most widespread radiological contaminant plumes were tritium and iodine-129. Smaller plumes of strontium-90, technetium-99, and plutonium also were present at levels above the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or State of Washington interim drinking water standards. Uranium concentrations greater than the proposed drinking water standard were also observed. Nitrate, fluoride, chromium, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, trichloroethylene, and cis-1,2-dichlomethylene were present in groundwater samples at levels above their U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or State of Washington maximum contaminant levels. The nitrate plume is the most extensive. Three-dimensional, numerical, groundwater models were applied to the Hanford Site to predict contaminant-flow paths and the impact of operational changes on site groundwater conditions. Other models were applied to assess the performance of three separate pump-and-treat systems.
Hydrogeology and groundwater modeling of a Calvert Bluff aquifer
Lawrence, James
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
HYDROGEOLOGY AND GROUNDWATER MODELING OF A CALVERT BLUFF AQUIFER A Thesis by JAMES LAWRENCE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... May 1989 Major Subject: Geology HYDROGEOLOGY AND GROUNDWATER MODELING OF A CALVERT BLUFF AQUIFER A Thesis by James Lawrence Approved as to style and content by: Patrick A. Domenico (Chair of Committee) Donald L. Reddell (Member) Robert R...
Geologic mapping for groundwater resource protection and assessment
Shafer, J.M. (Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States). Earth Sciences and Resources Inst.); Berg, R.C. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))
1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Groundwater is a vital natural resource in the US and around the world. In order to manage and protect this often threatened resource one must better understand its occurrence, extent, and susceptibility to contamination. Geologic mapping is a fundamental approach to developing more detailed and accurate assessments of groundwater resources. The stratigraphy and lithology of earth materials provide the framework for groundwater systems, whether they are deep confined aquifers or shallow, water table environments. These same earth materials control, in large part, the rates of migration of water and contaminants into and through groundwater systems thus establishing the potential yields of the systems and their vulnerability to contamination. Geologic mapping is used to delineate and display the vertical sequencing of earth materials either in cross-section or over lateral areas as in the stack-unit geologic map. These geologic maps, along with supportive hydrogeologic information, are used to identify the three-dimensional positioning and continuity of aquifer and non-aquifer earth materials. For example, detailed stack-unit mapping to a depth of 30 meters has been completed for a portion of a northern Illinois county. Groundwater contamination potentials were assigned to various vertical sequences of materials. Where aquifers are unconfined, groundwater contamination potentials are greatest. Conversely, other considerations being equal, the thicker the confining unit, the lower the contamination potential. This information is invaluable for land use decision-making; water supply assessment, development, and management; and environmental protection planning.
Lawrence, Deborah
#12;2 ABSTRACT Near stream groundwater surface water interfaces (GSI) are considered to provide natural remediation for groundwater nitrate before it discharges into surface water bodies, largely. The purpose of this study was to assess the combined influences of hydrological properties on groundwater
Gilbes, Fernando
New USGS Reports Describe Groundwater Vulnerability to Contamination One in every five samples of groundwater used as a source for drinking contains at least one contaminant at a level of concern for human-third of the Nation's population--rely on groundwater for drinking water, and the need for high-quality drinking
Davisson, M.L.; Criss, R.E.
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Intensive agricultural irrigation and overdraft of groundwater in the Central Valley of California profoundly affect the regional quality and availability of shallow groundwater resources. In the natural state, the {delta}{sup 18}O values of groundwater were relatively homogeneous (mostly -7.0 {+-} 0.5{per_thousand}), reflecting local meteoric recharge that slowly (1-3m/yr) flowed toward the valley axis. Today, on the west side of the valley, the isotope distribution is dominated by high {sup 18}O enclosures formed by recharge of evaporated irrigation waters, while the east side has bands of low {sup 18}O groundwater indicating induced recharge from rivers draining the Sierra Nevada mountains. Changes in {delta}{sup 18}O values caused by the agricultural recharge strongly correlate with elevated nitrate concentrations (5 to >100 mg/L) that form pervasive, non-point source pollutants. Small, west-side cities dependent solely on groundwater resources have experienced increases of >1.0 mg/L per year of nitrate for 10-30 years. The resultant high nitrates threaten the economical use of the groundwater for domestic purposes, and have forced some well shut-downs. Furthermore, since >80% of modern recharge is now derived from agricultural irrigation, and because modern recharge rates are {approximately}10 times those of the natural state, agricultural land retirement by urbanization will severely curtail the current safe-yields and promote overdraft pumping. Such overdrafting has occurred in the Sacramento metropolitan area for {approximately}40 years, creating cones of depression {approximately}25m deep. Today, groundwater withdrawal in Sacramento is approximately matched by infiltration of low {sup 18}O water (-11.0{per_thousand}) away from the Sacramento and American Rivers, which is estimated to occur at 100-300m/year from the sharp {sup 18}O gradients in our groundwater isotope map.
Hanford Site Groundwater Monitoring for Fiscal Year 2005
Hartman, Mary J.; Morasch, Launa F.; Webber, William D.
2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
This report is one of the major products and deliverables of the Groundwater Remediation and Closure Assessment Projects detailed work plan for FY 2006, and reflects the requirements of The Groundwater Performance Assessment Project Quality Assurance Plan (PNNL-15014). This report presents the results of groundwater and vadose zone monitoring and remediation for fiscal year 2005 on the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site, Washington. The most extensive contaminant plumes in groundwater are tritium, iodine-129, and nitrate, which all had multiple sources and are very mobile in groundwater. The largest portions of these plumes are migrating from the central Hanford Site to the southeast, toward the Columbia River. Carbon tetrachloride and associated organic constituents form a relatively large plume beneath the west-central part of the Hanford Site. Hexavalent chromium is present in plumes beneath the reactor areas along the river and beneath the central part of the site. Strontium-90 exceeds standards beneath all but one of the reactor areas. Technetium-99 and uranium plumes exceeding standards are present in the 200 Areas. A uranium plume underlies the 300 Area. Minor contaminant plumes with concentrations greater than standards include carbon-14, cesium-137, cis-1,2-dichloroethene, cyanide, fluoride, plutonium, and trichloroethene. Monitoring for the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 is conducted in 11 groundwater operable units. The purpose of this monitoring is to define and track plumes and to monitor the effectiveness of interim remedial actions. Interim groundwater remediation in the 100 Areas continued with the goal of reducing the amount of chromium (100-K, 100-D, and 100-H) and strontium-90 (100-N) reaching the Columbia River. The objective of two interim remediation systems in the 200 West Area is to prevent the spread of carbon tetrachloride and technetium-99/uranium plumes. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 groundwater monitoring continued at 25 waste management areas during fiscal year 2005: 15 under interim or final status detection programs and data indicate that they are not adversely affecting groundwater, 8 under interim status groundwater quality assessment programs to assess contamination, and 2 under final status corrective-action programs. During calendar year 2005, drillers completed 27 new monitoring wells, and decommissioned (filled with grout) 115 unneeded wells. Vadose zone monitoring, characterization, and remediation continued in fiscal year 2005. Remediation and associated monitoring continued at a soil-vapor extraction system in the 200 West Area, which removes gaseous carbon tetrachloride from the vadose zone. DOE uses geophysical methods to monitor potential movement of contamination beneath former waste sites.
The Generic Graph Component Library LieQuan Lee Jeremy G. Siek Andrew Lumsdaine
Lumsdaine, Andrew
The Generic Graph Component Library LieQuan Lee Jeremy G. Siek Andrew Lumsdaine Laboratory In this paper we present the Generic Graph Component Library (GGCL), a generic programming framework for graph data struc tures and graph algorithms. Following the theme of the Standard Template Library (STL
A Graph-Based Data Model and its Ramifications Mark Levene and George Loizou
Levene, Mark
A Graph-Based Data Model and its Ramifications Mark Levene and George Loizou Abstract- Currently candidate for for- malising hypertext. We then compare it with other graph-based data models and with set-based as a paradigm for graph-based data modelling, we show how to bridge the gap between graph-based and set-based
Energy Models for Drawing Signed Graphs Anne-Marie Kermarrec and Afshin Moin
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
by proposing a dual energy model for graphs containing uniquely negative edges, and combining it linearly
A characterization of K2,4-minor-free graphs M. N. Ellingham1
Ellingham, Mark
A characterization of K2,4-minor-free graphs M. N. Ellingham1 Emily A. Marshall1,2 Department structural characterization of K2,4-minor-free graphs. The 3-connected K2,4- minor-free graphs consist many forbidden minors. So characterizations of graphs without one or two specific minors form natural
Interactive Visualization of Genealogical Graphs Michael J. McGuffin Ravin Balakrishnan
McGuffin, Michael J.
Interactive Visualization of Genealogical Graphs Michael J. McGuffin Ravin Balakrishnan Department of visualizing "family trees", or genealogi- cal graphs, in 2D, is considered. A graph theoretic analysis is given, which identifies why genealogical graphs can be difficult to draw. This motivates some novel
The elliptic dilogarithm for the sunset graph
Spencer Bloch; Pierre Vanhove
2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
We study the sunset graph defined as the scalar two-point self-energy at two-loop order. We evaluate the sunset integral for all identical internal masses in two dimensions. We give two calculations for the sunset amplitude; one based on an interpretation of the amplitude as an inhomogeneous solution of a classical Picard-Fuchs differential equation, and the other using arithmetic algebraic geometry, motivic cohomology, and Eisenstein series. Both methods use the rather special fact that the amplitude in this case is a family of periods associated to the universal family of elliptic curves over the modular curve X_1(6). We show that the integral is given by an elliptic dilogarithm evaluated at a sixth root of unity modulo periods. We explain as well how this elliptic dilogarithm value is related to the regulator of a class in the motivic cohomology of the universal elliptic family.
Bicyclic graphs with maximal revised Szeged index
Li, Xueliang
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The revised Szeged index $Sz^*(G)$ is defined as $Sz^*(G)=\\sum_{e=uv \\in E}(n_u(e)+ n_0(e)/2)(n_v(e)+ n_0(e)/2),$ where $n_u(e)$ and $n_v(e)$ are, respectively, the number of vertices of $G$ lying closer to vertex $u$ than to vertex $v$ and the number of vertices of $G$ lying closer to vertex $v$ than to vertex $u$, and $n_0(e)$ is the number of vertices equidistant to $u$ and $v$. Hansen used the AutoGraphiX and made the following conjecture about the revised Szeged index for a connected bicyclic graph $G$ of order $n \\geq 6$:
The Incidence Hopf Algebra of Graphs
Humpert, Brandon; Martin, Jeremy L.
2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
), unit u(1) = K 0 , comultiplication ?(G) = ? T?V (G) G|T ?G|T , and counit #3;(G) = { 1 if n(G) = 0, 0 if n(G) > 0. The graph algebra is commutative and cocommutative; in particular, its character group X(G) is abelian. As proved by Schmitt [Sch94, (12.1...) counts the number of k-colorings of G such that every color-induced subgraph is H-free. As an extreme example, if G = H , then P?G(G; k) = k n(G) ? k, because the non-G-free colorings are precisely those using only one color. If H = Km,1, then Pm(G; k...
Groundwater Level Status Report for Fiscal Year 2007 - Los Alamos National Laboratory
Shannon P. Allen, Richard J. Koch
2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z
The status of groundwater level monitoring at Los Alamos National Laboratory in Fiscal Year 2007 is provided in this report. The Groundwater Level Monitoring Project was instituted in 2005 to provide a framework for the collection and processing of quality controlled groundwater level data. This report summarizes groundwater level data for 166 monitoring wells, including 45 regional aquifer wells, 25 intermediate wells, and 96 alluvial wells, and 11 water supply wells. Pressure transducers were installed in 133 monitoring wells for continuous monitoring of groundwater levels. Time-series hydrographs of groundwater level data are presented along with pertinent construction and location information for each well.
The Graph Laplacian and the Dynamics of Complex Networks
Thulasidasan, Sunil [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
In this talk, we explore the structure of networks from a spectral graph-theoretic perspective by analyzing the properties of the Laplacian matrix associated with the graph induced by a network. We will see how the eigenvalues of the graph Laplacian relate to the underlying network structure and dynamics and provides insight into a phenomenon frequently observed in real world networks - the emergence of collective behavior from purely local interactions seen in the coordinated motion of animals and phase transitions in biological networks, to name a few.
Hanford Site ground-water monitoring for 1993
Dresel, P.E.; Luttrell, S.P.; Evans, J.C. [and others
1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents the results of the Ground-Water Surveillance Project monitoring for calendar year 1993 on the Hanford Site, Washington. Hanford Site operations from 1943 onward produced large quantities of radiological and chemical waste that have impacted ground-water quality on the Site. Monitoring of water levels and ground-water chemistry is performed to track the extent of contamination and trends in contaminant concentrations. The 1993 monitoring was also designed to identify emerging ground-water quality problems. The information obtained is used to verify compliance with applicable environmental regulations and to evaluate remedial actions. Data from other monitoring and characterization programs were incorporated to provide an integrated assessment of Site ground-water quality. Additional characterization of the Site`s geologic setting and hydrology was performed to support the interpretation of contaminant distributions. Numerical modeling of sitewide ground-water flow also supported the overall project goals. Water-level monitoring was performed to evaluate ground-water flow directions, to track changes in water levels, and to relate such changes to changes in site disposal practices. Water levels over most of the Hanford Site continued to decline between June 1992 and June 1993. The greatest declines occurred in the 200-West Area. These declines are part of the continued response to the cessation of discharge to U Pond and other disposal facilities. The low permeability in this area which enhanced mounding of waste-water discharge has also slowed the response to the reduction of disposal. Water levels remained nearly constant in the vicinity of B Pond, as a result of continued disposal to the pond. Water levels measured from wells in the unconfined aquifer north and east of the Columbia River indicate that the primary source of recharge is irrigation practices.
Isotopic Survey of Lake Davis and the Local Groundwater
Ridley, M N; Moran, J E; Singleton, M J
2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
In September 2007, California Fish and Game (CAFG) plans to eradicate the northern pike from Lake Davis. As a result of the eradication treatment, local residents have concerns that the treatment might impact the local groundwater quality. To address the concerns of the residents, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) recommended measuring the naturally occurring stable oxygen isotopes in local groundwater wells, Lake Davis, and the Lake Davis tributaries. The purpose of these measurements is to determine if the source of the local groundwater is either rain/snowmelt, Lake Davis/Big Grizzly Creek water or a mixture of Lake Davis/Big Grizzly Creek and rain/snowmelt. As a result of natural evaporation, Lake Davis and the water flowing into Big Grizzly Creek are naturally enriched in {sup 18}oxygen ({sup 18}O), and if a source of a well's water is Lake Davis or Big Grizzly Creek, the well water will contain a much higher concentration of {sup 18}O. This survey will allow for the identification of groundwater wells whose water source is Lake Davis or Big Grizzly Creek. The results of this survey will be useful in the development of a water-quality monitoring program for the upcoming Lake Davis treatment. LLNL analyzed 167 groundwater wells (Table 1), 12 monthly samples from Lake Davis (Table 2), 3 samples from Lake Davis tributaries (Table 2), and 8 Big Grizzly Creek samples (Table 2). Of the 167 groundwater wells sampled and analyzed, only 2 wells contained a significant component of evaporated water, with an isotope composition similar to Lake Davis water. The other 163 groundwater wells have isotope compositions which indicate that their water source is rain/snowmelt.
Elvado Environmental LLC
2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This plan provides a description of the groundwater and surface water quality monitoring activities planned for calendar year (CY) 2009 at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) that will be managed by the Y-12 Groundwater Protection Program (GWPP). Groundwater and surface water monitoring performed by the GWPP during CY 2009 will be in accordance with DOE Order 540.1 requirements and the following goals: (1) to protect the worker, the public, and the environment; (2) to maintain surveillance of existing and potential groundwater contamination sources; (3) to provide for the early detection of groundwater contamination and determine the quality of groundwater and surface water where contaminants are most likely to migrate beyond the Oak Ridge Reservation property line; (4) to identify and characterize long-term trends in groundwater quality at Y-12; and (5) to provide data to support decisions concerning the management and protection of groundwater resources. Groundwater and surface water monitoring during CY 2009 will be performed primarily in three hydrogeologic regimes at Y-12: the Bear Creek Hydrogeologic Regime (Bear Creek Regime), the Upper East Fork Poplar Creek Hydrogeologic Regime (East Fork Regime), and the Chestnut Ridge Hydrogeologic Regime (Chestnut Ridge Regime). The Bear Creek and East Fork regimes are located in Bear Creek Valley, and the Chestnut Ridge Regime is located south of Y-12 (Figure A.1). Additional surface water monitoring will be performed north of Pine Ridge, along the boundary of the Oak Ridge Reservation. Modifications to the CY 2009 monitoring program may be necessary during implementation. Changes in programmatic requirements may alter the analytes specified for selected monitoring wells or may add or remove wells from the planned monitoring network. All modifications to the monitoring program will be approved by the Y-12 GWPP manager and documented as addenda to this sampling and analysis plan. The following sections of this report provide details regarding the CY 2009 groundwater and surface water monitoring activities. Section 2 describes the monitoring locations in each regime and the processes used to select the sampling locations. A description of the field measurements and laboratory analytes is provided in Section 3; sample collection methods and procedures are described in Section 4; and Section 5 lists the documents cited for more detailed operational and technical information.
A study of radon-222 concentrations in North Carolina groundwater
Evans, J.P.
1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
The groundwater of 400 North Carolina homes was sampled to ascertain the distribution and extent of {sup 222}Rn in North Carolina groundwater. Arithmetic mean (AM) and geometric mean (GM) concentrations of 1,816 pCi L{sup {minus}1} and 656 pCi L{sup {minus}1} were found for the state. These results indicate that two-thirds of 114{degree}C. homes served by groundwater exceed the EPA proposed 300 pCi L{sup {minus}1} maximum contaminant level (MCL). Only 2% of NC homes exceeded 10,000 pCi L-1. The Eastern region had the lowest radon concentrations by far, with a GM of 2-)0 pCi L{sup {minus}1}. The Central region and Western region had GM`s of 794 pCi L{sup {minus}1} and 1,032 pCi L{sup {minus}1} respectively. The groundwater data approached a log normal distribution. No consistent trends were noted in the relationship between indoor radon concentrations and groundwater radon concentrations. A correlation coefficient of 0.00921 revealed a very weak linear relationship.
Hanford Site Groundwater Monitoring for Fiscal Year 2000
Hartman, Mary J.; Morasch, Launa F.; Webber, William D.
2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents the results of groundwater and vadose zone monitoring and remediation for fiscal year 2000 on the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site, Washington. The most extensive contaminant plumes are tritium, iodine-129, and nitrate, which all had multiple sources and are very mobile in groundwater. Carbon tetrachloride and associated organic constituents form a relatively large plume beneath the central part of the Site. Hexavalent chromium is present in smaller plumes beneath the reactor areas along the river and beneath the central part of the site. Strontium-90 exceeds standards beneath each of the reactor areas, and technetium-99 and uranium are present in the 200 Areas. RCRA groundwater monitoring continued during fiscal year 2000. Vadose zone monitoring, characterization, remediation, and several technical demonstrations were conducted in fiscal year 2000. Soil gas monitoring at the 618-11 burial ground provided a preliminary indication of the location of tritium in the vadose zone and in groundwater. Groundwater modeling efforts focused on 1) identifying and characterizing major uncertainties in the current conceptual model and 2) performing a transient inverse calibration of the existing site-wide model. Specific model applications were conducted in support of the Hanford Site carbon tetrachloride Innovative Treatment Remediation Technology; to support the performance assessment of the Immobilized Low-Activity Waste Disposal Facility; and in development of the System Assessment Capability, which is intended to predict cumulative site-wide effects from all significant Hanford Site contaminants.
Tritium monitoring of groundwater and surfaces
MacArthur, D.; Aamodt, P.; Bounds, J.; Koster, J.
1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
There are numerous facilities, both within the US and in the rest of the world, within the complex of radiation laboratories and production plants where tritium has been released into the environment because of historic or ongoing mission-related operations. Many of environmental restoration projects have detected low levels of tritium contamination in local streams, ponds, and/or ground water. Typically these waters are moving or have the potential to move offsite and are viewed as a potential risk to the public and environment. Los Alamos National Laboratory will modify the well-proven long-range alpha detection (LRAD) technique for detection of ionizing radiation to optimize a system for detecting tritium in groundwater and other surfaces. The LRAD technique relies on detection of ionized air molecules rather than direct detection of ionizing radiation. The detected electrical current is proportional to the number of ionized air molecules present, which is in turn a measure of the amount of contamination present. Although this technique has been used commercially to measure alpha contamination on objects and surfaces, the technique is also ideal for monitoring low-energy beta particles. The authors have demonstrated beta detection using {sup 54}Mn, {sup 14}C, {sup 147}Pm, {sup 99}Tc, {sup 90}Sr, and {sup 36}Cl sources. Thus, the detector technology and detection of beta particles using this technology have both been demonstrated. The extreme short range of tritium beta particles necessitates an optimization of the detector system. In this paper, the authors will discuss these new designs.
Local computation algorithms for graphs of non-constant degrees
Yodpinyanee, Anak
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the model of local computation algorithms (LCAs), we aim to compute the queried part of the output by examining only a small (sublinear) portion of the input. Many recently developed LCAs on graph problems achieve time ...
Efficient graphlet kernels for large graph comparison Nino Shervashidze
Mehlhorn, Kurt
Efficient graphlet kernels for large graph comparison Nino Shervashidze MPI for Biological such as gSpan (Yan & Han, 2003) have been developed for this task, which use el- egant data structures
The competition number of a graph with exactly two holes
] as a means of deter- mining the smallest dimension of ecological phase space. Since then, various variations to ecology, the concept of competition graph can be applied to a variety of fields, as summarized in [11
The competition number of a graph with exactly two holes
] as a means of deter mining the smallest dimension of ecological phase space. Since then, various variations to ecology, the concept of competition graph can be applied to a variety of fields, as summarized in [11
Quantum Graphs: Applications to Quantum Chaos and Universal Spectral Statistics
Sven Gnutzmann; Uzy Smilansky
2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
During the last years quantum graphs have become a paradigm of quantum chaos with applications from spectral statistics to chaotic scattering and wave function statistics. In the first part of this review we give a detailed introduction to the spectral theory of quantum graphs and discuss exact trace formulae for the spectrum and the quantum-to-classical correspondence. The second part of this review is devoted to the spectral statistics of quantum graphs as an application to quantum chaos. Especially, we summarise recent developments on the spectral statistics of generic large quantum graphs based on two approaches: the periodic-orbit approach and the supersymmetry approach. The latter provides a condition and a proof for universal spectral statistics as predicted by random-matrix theory.