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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Why Now Is Not the Time for Premium Support  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...necessary to make competition among insurers and traditional Medicare work efficiently and fairly. To date, insurers have been able to outfox the best risk-adjustment algorithms. Consequently, even if premium-support ideas look promising on paper, the political economy of Medicare offers ample reason... The idea of a premium-support system for Medicare dates from 1995, but current proposals do not contain appropriate safeguards, and the circumstances of the U.S. health care system have changed in ways that would make the approach unwise today.

Aaron H.J.; Frakt A.B.

2012-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

2

A one-time opportunity to expand the market for premium efficiency motors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mid-Atlantic utility conducted a detailed research study on their motors market. The study showed that their motor loads come mostly from motors under 50 horsepower, and predominantly from industry. The proportion of premium-efficiency motor sales is very low relative to other areas which, unlike this utility's service territory, have a history of rebate programs. Most sales in this utility's territory are for replacement motors. Manufacturers are planning to create new lines of motors which meet the 1997 federal minimum motor-efficiency manufacturing standard, but are less efficient than premium motors. Few of these motors are on the market yet. The mandatory federal efficiency standard creates a unique, one-time situation where premium-efficiency motors will be a better-established and more familiar product among customers and vendors than less efficient motors. The utility has begun a motors rebate and technical assistance program which is intended to use this one-time opportunity to significantly expand the market for premium motors. Rebates are tied to the new Consortium for Energy Efficiency motor standards to ensure a common message to manufacturers among utilities. While the majority of premium motors available locally already meet the standard, this will encourage manufacturers to bring the rest of their offerings in line. Like many motors programs, this program will offer rebates, marketing, and technical assistance. However, the program design calls for a short-term (three year), very intense effort, including a rebate set at 100% of incremental cost, a short-term vendor bonus, and intensive marketing to large customers. Additionally, the large savings per motor in 1997 (when the baseline is inefficient standard motors) will justify a more generous payment in the first year. Many other US utility motor rebate programs have offered less generous incentives and used less intensive marketing, but have had only marginal impacts on markets (often 20--30%), or have taken many years to have an impact. This program will test the theory that it is better to strike hard at the right moment than to gnaw at the edges of a market for many years. While the program was designed for one utility, the overall approach would be more effective at working with vendors and customers if utilities joined together to sponsor a similar program with common terms and single redemption centers. This may be an option in the coming months.

Gordon, F.; Tumidaj, L.; Hoernlein, D.; Coakley, S.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Pore Structure of the Argonne Premium Coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pore Structure of the Argonne Premium Coals ... Constitution of Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium Coal: A Review ... Constitution of Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium Coal: A Review ...

John W. Larsen; Peter Hall; Patrick C. Wernett

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Density Measurements of Argonne Premium Coal Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density Measurements of Argonne Premium Coal Samples ... Constitution of Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium Coal: A Review ... Constitution of Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium Coal: A Review ...

He Huang; Keyu Wang; David M. Bodily; V. J. Hucka

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Why Do Inner City Residents Pay Higher Premiums? The Determinants of Automobile Insurance Premiums  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Determinants of Automobile Insurance Premiums Paul M.The Determinants of Automobile Insurance Premiums Abstractplace-based component of automobile insurance premiums. We

Ong, Paul M.; Stoll, Michael A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Making premium diesel fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For refiners, extra processing and blending is a practical, though not always easy, option for improving diesel fuel properties; however, it entails compromises. For example, ignition quality can be improved by including more paraffins, but this negatively impacts the required low-temperature operability properties. Another example is adding aromatics to increase the diesel`s Btu value, but aromatics burn poorly and tend to cause smoking. Due to these and other types of diametrical trade-offs, the scope of distillate processing and fuels blending at the refinery is often very limited. Therefore, fuel additives are rapidly becoming the only alternative for obtaining the superior quality necessary in a premium diesel fuel. If stabilizers, dispersants and other fuel additive components are used in the additive package, the product can be marketed as a premium diesel fuel additive. Engines using this additive-treated fuel will consistently have less emissions, produce optimum power from the fuel energy conversion process and perform to design specifications. And the user will truly have a premium diesel fuel. The paper discusses detergent additives, cetane or ignition improvers, fuel stabilizers, cold weather additives, and lubricity additives.

Pipenger, G. [Amalgamated Inc., Fort Wayne, IN (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Uncovering the Distribution of Motorists' Preferences for Travel Time and Reliability: Implications for Road Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimate distributions of the values of time and reliabilityDISTRIBUTION OF MOTORISTS' PREFERENCES FOR TRAVEL TIME AND RELIABILITY:and reliability, we maintain that they consider both the central tendency and the dispersion of that distribution.

Small, Kenneth A; Winston, Clifford; Yan, Jia

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Exploring California PV Home Premiums  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the Solar Home Price Premium: ElectricityStudy of 30 Single?Family Homes in the North and Northwestin California: The Effect on Home Sales Prices. Contemporary

Hoen, Ben

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

The Argonne Premium Coal Sample Program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Argonne Premium Coal Sample Program ... Direct Determination of Sulfur Species in Coals from the Argonne Premium Sample Program by Solid Sampling Electrothermal Vaporization Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry ... Direct Determination of Sulfur Species in Coals from the Argonne Premium Sample Program by Solid Sampling Electrothermal Vaporization Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry ...

Karl S. Vorres

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

15N CPMAS NMR of the Argonne Premium Coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

15N CPMAS NMR of the Argonne Premium Coals ... 15N NMR data are reported for the Argonne Premium Coals. ... XPS studies of the Argonne Premium Coals (APC) detected three general types of nitrogens. ...

Mark S. Solum; Ronald J. Pugmire; David M. Grant; Simon R. Kelemen; Martin L. Gorbaty; Robert A. Wind

1997-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

11

Premium Mobile Projector sony.com/projectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VPL-MX20 Premium Mobile Projector sony.com/projectors #12;2 Slim,Lightweight,and Stylish ­ the VPL-MX20 Data Projector is the Perfect Choice for Mobile Applications Sony's VPL-MX20 premium mobile

Saskatchewan, University of

12

Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California, September 2008 Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California,...

13

Using revealed preferences to estimate the Value of Travel Time to recreation sites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The opportunity Value of Travel Time (VTT) is one of the most important elements of the total cost of recreation day-trips and arguably the most difficult to estimate. Most studies build upon the theoretical framework proposed by Becker (1965) by using a combination of revealed and stated preference data to estimate a value of time which is uniform in all activities and under all circumstances. This restriction is relaxed by DeSerpa's (1971) model which allows the value of saving time to be activity-specific. We present the first analysis which uses actual driving choices between open access and toll roads to estimate a VTT specific for recreation trips, thereby providing a value which conforms to both Becker's and DeSerpa's theoretical models. Using these findings we conduct a Monte Carlo simulation to identify generalizable results for subsequent valuation studies. Our results indicate that 3/4 of the wage rate provides a reasonable approximation of the average VTT for recreation trips, while the commonly implemented assumption of 1/3 of the wage rate generates downward biased results.

Carlo Fezzi; Ian J. Bateman; Silvia Ferrini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Microsoft Word - medicare-premium-rates.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

*subject *subject to graduated eligibility Graduated Eligibility Graduated Eligibility is applicable to medical and dental premiums and defines what portion of the employer contribution you are responsible for based on your years of service upon retirement. For example, if you have 15 years of service upon retirement, you would pay the full retiree premium for your medical and dental coverage, as well as 25% of the employer contribution. With 20 years of service upon retirement, you would only pay the retiree premium. Years o f Service % of Employer Contribution LANL pays % of Employer Contribution Retiree Pays 10 50% 50% 11 55% 45% 12 60% 40% 13 65% 35% 14 70% 30% 15 75% 25% 16 80% 20% 17 85% 15% 18 90% 10% 19 95% 5% 20+ 100% 0% 2014 Monthly Medical Premiums for

15

CREAT A CONSORTIUM AND DEVELOP PREMIUM CARBON PRODUCTS FROM COAL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal, with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory and matching funds from industry and academic institutions continued to excel in developing innovative technologies to use coal and coal-derived feedstocks to produce premium carbon product. During Budget Period 5, eleven projects were supported and sub-contracted were awarded to seven organizations. The CPCPC held two meetings and one tutorial at various locations during the year. Budget Period 5 was a time of growth for CPCPC in terms of number of proposals and funding requested from members, projects funded and participation during meetings. Although the membership was stable during the first part of Budget Period 5 an increase in new members was registered during the last months of the performance period.

John M. Andresen

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Thermochemical comparisons of six Argonne premium coal samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermochemical comparisons of six Argonne premium coal samples ... The rates of solvent swelling of the Argonne Premium Sample coals have been measured in various organic solvents at various temperatures. ...

Michael Gumkowski; Qitao Liu; Edward M. Arnett

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Oil prices and government bond risk premiums Herv Alexandre*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil prices and government bond risk premiums By Hervé Alexandre*º Antonin de Benoist * Abstract : This article analyses the impact of oil price on bond risk premiums issued by emerging economies. No empirical study has yet focussed on the effects of the oil price on government bond risk premiums. We develop

Boyer, Edmond

18

Truth and Consequences Insurance-Premium Rate Regulation and the ACA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the past decade, the largest health insurance companies have seen a disproportionate increase in profits of 250%, or 10 times the rate of inflation. During the past year alone, there has been a double-digit increase in health insurance premiums. In response to such increases, the new health... Over the past decade, the largest health insurance companies have seen a disproportionate increase in profits of 250%, or 10 times the rate of inflation. During the past year alone, there has been a double-digit increase in health insurance premiums.1 In ...

Mills A.Engelhard C.L.Tereskerz P.M.

2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

19

Guidance on Waivers of Premium Pay To Meet A Critical Need  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

on Waivers of Premium Pay on Waivers of Premium Pay To Meet A Critical Need (9/5/08) Background: 5 CFR $550.106(b)(l) provides that the bi-weekly limit on premium pay be waived for overtime work that is critical to an agency's mission. Criteria: DOE has established the following criteria for making these determinations. Requests must address these criteria. 1. The work must directly affect a Departmental element's core business activity. 2. The work must be urgent and unavoidable, i.e., it cannot be delayed or extended over a longer period of time. 3. Additional human resources with the expertise needed cannot be added due to the immediacy of the business need. 4. No other appropriate compensation option is available. Approval Process: Requests are to be addressed to the Director, Office of Human Capital Management and

20

Shifting Preferences and Time-Varying Parameters in Demand Analysis: A Monte Carlo Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

constant values over time. The LAISF model qualitatively performs similarly to the NLAI, but the LAICF does not. Finally, the NLAI achieves higher levels of the regularity index under the local trend specification while the RM achieves higher regularity...

Kanyama, Isaac Kalonda

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Trade liberalisation, prices and the skill premium in South Africa.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??We look at how trade liberalisation, working through product prices, has affected the skill premium in South Africa over the period 1990-2009. Our main finding (more)

Mashiane, Jeffrey.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Is there wage premium to computer use in Sweden.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This paper examines the wage premium to computer use in Sweden in the early 1990s. I use simple regression model and interaction terms in (more)

Zhang, Pengcheng

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Relation between premium of a CDS index and premiums of the index components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and investment and thanks to standardization by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, CDS becomes risk (See e.g., Hull, 2000; Chaplin, 2005). It is a contract that provides protection against a default, the buyer of the CDS index contract pays premium in return for loss protection. If any name in the index

Walker, Michael B.

24

Distribution of Pendant Alkyl Groups in the Argonne Premium Coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Distribution of Pendant Alkyl Groups in the Argonne Premium Coals ... Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, and Department of Chemistry, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 ... The ruthenium(VIII) oxidation reaction has been employed to determine the distribution of alkyl groups that are bonded to aromatic structural elements in lignin and the Argonne Premium Coals. ...

Marcus Obeng; Leon M. Stock

1996-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

25

The Chemical Analysis of Argonne Premium Coal Samples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Chemical Analysis of Argonne Premium Coal Samples U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 2144 #12 from the offices listed below. Detailed ordering instructions, along with prices of the last offerings OFFICE, WASHINGTON : 1997 The Chemical Analysis of Argonne Premium Coal Samples Edited by Curtis A

Laughlin, Robert B.

26

Energy Conservation Tax Credits - Small Premium Projects (Corporate) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conservation Tax Credits - Small Premium Projects Conservation Tax Credits - Small Premium Projects (Corporate) Energy Conservation Tax Credits - Small Premium Projects (Corporate) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Local Government Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Insulation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Solar Maximum Rebate 35% of qualifying project costs The sum of all incentives, grants, credits, or other public funds may not exceed total project costs Program Info Start Date 2011 State Oregon Program Type Corporate Tax Credit

27

Energy Conservation Tax Credits - Small Premium Projects (Personal) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Conservation Tax Credits - Small Premium Projects (Personal) Energy Conservation Tax Credits - Small Premium Projects (Personal) Energy Conservation Tax Credits - Small Premium Projects (Personal) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Insulation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Solar Maximum Rebate 35% of qualifying project costs The sum of all incentives, grants, credits, or other public funds may not exceed total project costs Program Info Start Date 2011 State Oregon Program Type

28

Managing risk in premium fruit and vegetable supply chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production planning in premium fresh produce supply chains is challenging due to the uncertainty of both supply and demand. A two-stage planning algorithm using mixed integer linear programming and Monte Carlo simulation ...

Merrill, Joshua Matthew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Height premiums for seaside community condominiums : an empirical analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the value that condominium buyers in oceanfront communities place on how high above the ground their home will be. It is assumed that buyers will pay a premium for height, but to date no study has ...

Loker, Randall (Randall David)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Adsorption and Diffusion of Alcohol Vapors by Argonne Premium Coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adsorption and Diffusion of Alcohol Vapors by Argonne Premium Coals ... Adsorption of methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, and n-butanol by Pocahontas No. 3, Upper Freeport, Illinois No. 6, and Beulah-Zap Argonne premium coals was investigated to clarify the effect of alkyl group bulk on adsorption and to evaluate the micropore and cross-linked structure of coals. ... Coals are thought to have a large surface area with an interconnected network of slitlike pores.1 However, Larsen et al.2 measured the adsorption of various gases on five Argonne Premium coals and, except for Beulah-Zap lignite, found that the very steep dependence of BET surface area was related to the molecular volume of the gas. ...

Toshimasa Takanohashi; Yuki Terao; Takahiro Yoshida; Masashi Iino

2000-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

31

Ionomer-Like Structures and ?-Cation Interactions in Argonne Premium Coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ionomer-Like Structures and ?-Cation Interactions in Argonne Premium Coals ... The increase in the amount of pyridine-soluble material obtained from Argonne Premium coals after acid treatment is examined. ... Accordingly, here we present results obtained from studies of the Argonne Premium coals before and after acid treatment. ...

Pakorn Opaprakasit; Alan W. Scaroni; Paul C. Painter

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

32

Constitution of Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium Coal: A Review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Constitution of Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium Coal: A Review ... The aromatic moieties present in coal structures have been characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR),(9-13) X-ray diffraction (XRD),(14) high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM),(15-18) and ruthenium ion catalyzed oxidation (RICO). ...

Fidel Castro-Marcano; Jonathan P. Mathews

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

33

PREMIUMS PAID FOR GREEN GENERATION IN THE APX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PREMIUMS PAID FOR GREEN GENERATION PREMIUMS PAID FOR GREEN GENERATION IN THE APX GREEN POWER MARKET Janis C. Pepper Enertron Consultants / APX pepper@enertroncons.com 650-949-5719 Presented at Windpower 2000 May 1, 2000 Abstract Automated Power Exchange (APX) operates markets that allow buyers and sellers of electricity to do business with each other easily, efficiently, and directly. The APX Green Power Market opened on March 30, 1998 with the start of the restructured electricity market in California, providing a wholesale marketplace for buyers and sellers of renewable power to transact. Those renewable energy plants that are no longer under utility contracts, and new merchant renewable plants, are selling through this market. The overwhelming majority of green buyers and green sellers operating in the California market use the APX Green Power Market. APX

34

Probing Mercury's Partnering Preferences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Preferences Probing Mercury's Partnering Preferences Merc.gif Why it Matters: Mercury (Hg) is a major global pollutant arising from both natural and anthropogenic sources....

35

Sorption Behaviors of Various Organic Vapors to Argonne Premium Coal Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sorption Behaviors of Various Organic Vapors to Argonne Premium Coal Samples ... Sorption of various organic vapors by Argonne Premium coals (APCS-1, 3, 5, and 8) was investigated to clarify the coal?organic interaction, sorption mechanism, and micropore and cross-linking structure of coals. ... Otake and Suuberg4 showed the behaviors of solvent swelling of Argonne premium sample coals by diffusion of various organic solvents are quite different among the coals used, which did not correlate well with coal rank. ...

Kazuhiko Shimizu; Toshimasa Takanohashi; Masashi Iino

1998-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

36

Premium Efficiency Motor Selection and Application Guide A Handbook for Industry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This handbook informs new motor purchase decisions by identifying energy and cost savings that can come from replacing motors with premium efficiency units.

37

STEP Preferred Contractors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

STEP Preferred Contractors, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

38

Iron Species in Argonne Premium Coal Samples:? An Investigation Using X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Iron Species in Argonne Premium Coal Samples:? An Investigation Using X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy ... Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave., Argonne, Illinois 60439 ... Iron K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) has been used to examine the iron species that are present within the Argonne Premium Coal Samples. ...

Stephen R. Wasserman; Randall E. Winans; Robert McBeth

1996-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

39

Premium Power Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Premium Power Corporation Country United States Headquarters Location North Reading, Massachusetts Recovery Act Funding $7,320,000.00 Total Project Value $16,080,554.00 Coordinates 42.5750939°, -71.0786653° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

40

Argonne premium coal sample program. Annual technical progress report. Reporting period : 2/2006-2/2007.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project provides highly uniform, premium (unexposed to oxygen) coal samples to researchers investigating coal structure, properties and behavior, and maintains accessible databases of published reports describing work carried out on the Argonne Premium Coal Samples. The samples are made available to DOE researchers and others. The eight carefully selected samples have been kept in as pristine a condition as possible through careful control the conditions in all stages from sample collection throughout processing and packaging. The samples are available in glass ampoules to ensure sample uniformity and maintain premium quality to ensure sample integrity.

Hunt, J. E.; Chemistry

2007-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

EXC-12-0006 - In the Matter of Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 - In the Matter of Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. 6 - In the Matter of Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. EXC-12-0006 - In the Matter of Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. On July 27, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. (PQL) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps (Lighting Efficiency Standards). In its exception request, PQL asserted that it will suffer a serious hardship, gross inequity and an unfair distribution of burdens if required to adhere to the new Lighting Efficiency Standards, effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service

42

Two-Dimensional EPR Spectroscopic Studies on the Radicals in Argonne Premium Coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two-Dimensional EPR Spectroscopic Studies on the Radicals in Argonne Premium Coals ... Both coals showed nuclear modulation effects due to1H and naturally abundant 13C nuclear spins. ...

Tadaaki Ikoma; Osamu Ito; Shozo Tero-Kubota; Kimio Akiyama

1998-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

43

Single-pulse excitation carbon-13 NMR measurements on the Argonne premium coal samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single-pulse excitation carbon-13 NMR measurements on the Argonne premium coal samples ... Interactions of Organic Liquids with Coals:? Analysis by Solid-State 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ...

J. A. Franz; R. Garcia; J. C. Linehan; G. D. Love; C. E. Snape

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

The triadic preference test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A triadic preference test was developed as an alternative to the paired preference test. The three stimuli in the test comprised a putatively identical placebo pair and a different stimulus. This was in contrast to the regular paired preference test that utilizes a placebo pair. Such a test requires the presentation of two pairs of stimuli: a putatively identical placebo pair and a test pair. The triadic preference test only requires one triad. With the regular test, the majority of consumers respond to the placebo pair with a preference response. It is generally assumed that these consumers are responding to extraneous factors: those factors that elicit a preference response that are different from the sensory attributes of the food under assessment. As an attempt to minimize the possibility of responses to extraneous factors when assessing the test pair, it has been suggested to only use those consumers who chose the No Preference option for the placebo pair. However, this form of screening is not viable because the resulting screened sample size is greatly reduced to approximately one third. However, in the present study, with the triadic preference test, the resulting screened sample size ranged 76.594% of the total. Thus, this form of screening against consumers who demonstrated response to extraneous factors for the placebo pair, was now feasible.

Eduardo Caldern; Alondra Rivera-Quintero; Yixun Xia; Ofelia Angulo; Michael OMahony

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

CO2 adsorption capacity of argonne premium coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adsorption and desorption isotherms of CO2 on dried Argonne Premium coal samples were investigated. A small hysteresis was detected between the adsorption and desorption isotherms. The hysteresis was small or negligible for high rank coals but discernable for low rank coals. The isotherms were found to be rectilinear and to fit the conventional adsorption equations poorly. The rectilinear shape of the adsorption isotherms was related to the solubility of the CO2 in the coal and to coal swelling. Using an adsorption model that accounted for volumetric effects provided good agreement between the surface areas calculated from the high-pressure isotherms and the literature values obtained under traditional low-pressure conditions. Ignoring the volumetric effects resulted in estimated surface areas that were 40% larger for the higher-ranked coals and 60100% larger for the lower-ranked coals. The heat of adsorption, after correcting for volumetric effects, was fairly constant (261 kJ/mol) regardless of rank. The adsorption capacity, average pore size, and volume effect for each of the Argonne coals were also estimated employing the same model. The model equation explicitly accounts for volumetric effects, attributable to the solubility of CO2 in the organic matrix and the coal swelling, and estimates the actual adsorbed amount.

Ekrem Ozdemir; Badie I Morsi; Karl Schroeder

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Mortgage default and student outcomes, the solar home price premium, and the magnitude of housing price declines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effect of falling home prices on small business borrowing,2 Understanding the Solar Home Price Premium: Electricitysocial influences on price, Journal of Political Economy,

Dastrup, Samuel R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Create a Consortium and Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of these projects was to investigate alternative technologies for non-fuel uses of coal. Special emphasis was placed on developing premium carbon products from coal-derived feedstocks. A total of 14 projects, which are the 2003 Research Projects, are reported herein. These projects were categorized into three overall objectives. They are: (1) To explore new applications for the use of anthracite in order to improve its marketability; (2) To effectively minimize environmental damage caused by mercury emissions, CO{sub 2} emissions, and coal impounds; and (3) To continue to increase our understanding of coal properties and establish coal usage in non-fuel industries. Research was completed in laboratories throughout the United States. Most research was performed on a bench-scale level with the intent of scaling up if preliminary tests proved successful. These projects resulted in many potential applications for coal-derived feedstocks. These include: (1) Use of anthracite as a sorbent to capture CO{sub 2} emissions; (2) Use of anthracite-based carbon as a catalyst; (3) Use of processed anthracite in carbon electrodes and carbon black; (4) Use of raw coal refuse for producing activated carbon; (5) Reusable PACs to recycle captured mercury; (6) Use of combustion and gasification chars to capture mercury from coal-fired power plants; (7) Development of a synthetic coal tar enamel; (8) Use of alternative binder pitches in aluminum anodes; (9) Use of Solvent Extracted Carbon Ore (SECO) to fuel a carbon fuel cell; (10) Production of a low cost coal-derived turbostratic carbon powder for structural applications; (11) Production of high-value carbon fibers and foams via the co-processing of a low-cost coal extract pitch with well-dispersed carbon nanotubes; (12) Use of carbon from fly ash as metallurgical carbon; (13) Production of bulk carbon fiber for concrete reinforcement; and (14) Characterizing coal solvent extraction processes. Although some of the projects funded did not meet their original goals, the overall objectives of the CPCPC were completed as many new applications for coal-derived feedstocks have been researched. Future research in many of these areas is necessary before implementation into industry.

Frank Rusinko; John Andresen; Jennifer E. Hill; Harold H. Schobert; Bruce G. Miller

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Ripping Graphene: Preferred Directions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ripping Graphene: Preferred Directions ... Here we present experimental and theoretical studies on cracks or tears in suspended monolayer graphene membranes. ... Edges from mechanically induced ripping exhibit straight lines and are predominantly aligned in the armchair or zigzag directions of the graphene lattice. ...

Kwanpyo Kim; Vasilii I. Artyukhov; William Regan; Yuanyue Liu; M. F. Crommie; Boris I. Yakobson; A. Zettl

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

49

Environmental Preferences LIGHT: Sunny.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Preferences LIGHT: Sunny. SOIL: Well-drained, deep sandy loam. FERTILITY: Medium beans BeansDiane Relf, Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia Tech Alan McDaniel, Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia Tech are yellow and waxy in appearance, their flavor is only subtly

Liskiewicz, Maciej

50

Help:Preferences | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Preferences Preferences Jump to: navigation, search Clicking on the my preferences link in the upper right while logged in allows you to change your preferences. You will be presented with the User profile section, as well as a bar of tabs across the top for changing other types of settings. Contents 1 User profile 1.1 User profile 1.2 Change password 1.3 E-mail 1.4 Languages 2 Skin 3 Math 4 Files 5 Date and time 6 Editing 7 Recent changes 8 Watchlist 9 Search 10 Misc 11 See also User profile User profile Username: Your user name. Only bureaucrats can change your username, and the wiki must also have the Renameuser extension installed. User ID: A number assigned to your account when you created it (for example, if your number is 42 you are the 42nd user to sign up at this particular wiki). This number is used for internal purposes.

51

Microsoft Word - 2014 Non-Med retiree premiums_30Sept13UH  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Monthly Premiums 4 Monthly Premiums for Retirees Without Medicare Medical Plans* PPO Single Adult + Children Two Adults Family RET LANS Gross RET LANS Gross RET LANS Gross RET LANS Gross $123 $521 $644 $221 $939 $1,160 $258 $1,096 $1,354 $356 $1,509 $1,865 HDHP Single Adult + Children Two Adults Family RET LANS Gross RET LANS Gross RET LANS Gross RET LANS Gross $88 $523 $611 $158 $943 $1,101 $185 $1,100 $1,285 $255 $1,514 $1,769 Dental, Vision, and Legal Insurance Dental Insurance* Vision Insurance Legal Insurance Self $43.11 $9.82 $10.73 Adult + Child(ren) $87.79 $19.85 $14.37 Two Adults $80.46 $19.65 $14.37 Family $143.66 $24.57 $15.59 *Graduated Eligibility

52

A BLOCH DECAY AND ULTRA HIGH SPEED CP/MAS 13C NMR STUDY OF THE ARGONNE PREMIUM COALS AND SELECTED OXIDISED LOW-RANK COALS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter presents the results of a Bloch decay and ultrahigh speed cross-polarization/magic angle spinning (CP/MAS) 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study of the Argonne premium coals and selected oxidized low-rank coals. A Varian Associates VXR-300 NMR spectrometer operating at 75.4 \\{MHz\\} (13C) equipped with a Doty, Scientific, Inc. high-speed cross-polarization/magic angle probe was employed. Solid-state Bloch decay 13C NMR spectra were determined using 90 carbon pulse, 74 kHz dipolar proton decoupling during acquisition, and a 200-s recycle delay with 13 kHz magic angle spinning. The probe and sample rotor exhibited a background signal amounting to ca. 20% of the total intensity of the coal spectrum, and required careful FID scaling and subtraction of the signal obtained from the empty rotor and caps. CP/MAS spectra were determined at variable contact times from 25 ?S to 25 ms, with 5 s recycle times. The chapter presents a comparison of CP/MAS and Bloch decay results for the Argonne premium coals, a standard humic acid, and for a selection of oxidized coals.

J.C. Linehan; J.A. Franz

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Spin dynamics and spin counting in the 13C CP/MAS analysis of Argonne Premium coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The carbonyl-labelled compound, [3.2.1]bicyclo-4-pyrrolidino-N-methyl-octan-8-one triflate (13CO-123), has been used as an intensity standard for quantitative 13C cross-polarization magic angle spinning (CP/MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (n.m.r.) analysis (including spin counting) of Argonne Premium coals. The cross-polarization time constants, TCH, and the rotating-frame proton spin-lattice relaxation times, T1?H, have been determined for each major 13C peak of each coal via a combination of variable contact-time and variable spin-lock experiments. Two or three components of rotating-frame 1H relaxation decay and two or three components of TCH behaviour have been observed for each major 13C peak of each coal. These data have been used to determine the number of carbon atoms detected in each coal; these values are in the range 7787% of the amount of carbon known to be in each coal from elemental analysis data, except for Pocahontas No. 3, for which only 50% of the carbon was detected.

Antoni Jurkiewicz; Gary E. Maciel

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Slippage in Rebate Programs and Present-Biased Preferences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Present-biased preferences capture the idea that individuals may find immediate payoffs significantly more salient than any future payoffs, rather than simply discounting the future in a time-consistent manner. In this paper we show that consumers' present-biased ... Keywords: present-biased preferences, price discrimination, rebates, slippage

Scott M. Gilpatric

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Engineering Development of Advanced Physical Fine Coal Cleaing for Premium Fuel Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ash in six common bituminous coals, Taggart, Winifrede, Elkhorn No. 3, Indiana VII, Sunnyside and Hiawatha, could be liberated by fine grinding to allow preparation of clean coal meeting premium fuel specifications (< 1- 2 lb/ MBtu ash and <0.6 lb/ MBtu sulfur) by laboratory and bench- scale column flotation or selective agglomeration. Over 2,100 tons of coal were cleaned in the PDU at feed rates between 2,500 and 6,000 lb/ h by Microcel? column flotation and by selective agglomeration using recycled heptane as the bridging liquid. Parametric testing of each process and 72- hr productions runs were completed on each of the three test coals. The following results were achieved after optimization of the operating parameters: The primary objective was to develop the design base for commercial fine coal cleaning facilities for producing ultra- clean coals which can be converted into coal-water slurry premium fuel. The coal cleaning technologies to be developed were advanced column flotation and selective agglomeration, and the goal was to produce fuel meeting the following specifications -- Less than 2 pounds of ash per million Btu (860 grams per gigajoule) and

Frank J. Smit; Gene L. Schields; Mehesh C. Jha; Nick Moro

1997-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

56

Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning for premium fuel applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary goal of this project is the engineering development of two advanced physical fine coal cleaning processes, column flotation and selective agglomeration, for premium fuel applications. The project scope included laboratory research and bench-scale testing on six coals to optimize these processes, followed by the design, construction and operation of 2 t/hr process development unit (PDU). This report represents the findings of the PDU Advanced Column Flotation Testing and Evaluation phase of the program and includes a discussion of the design and construction of the PDU. Three compliance steam coals, Taggart, Indiana VII and Hiawatha, were processed in the PDU to determine performance and design parameters for commercial production of premium fuel by advanced flotation. Consistent, reliable performance of the PDU was demonstrated by 72-hr production runs on each of the test coals. Its capacity generally was limited by the dewatering capacity of the clean coal filters during the production runs rather than by the flotation capacity of the Microcel column. The residual concentrations of As, Pb, and Cl were reduced by at least 25% on a heating value basis from their concentrations in the test coals. The reduction in the concentrations of Be, Cd, Cr, Co, Mn, Hg, Ni and Se varied from coal to coal but the concentrations of most were greatly reduced from the concentrations in the ROM parent coals. The ash fusion temperatures of the Taggart and Indiana VII coals, and to a much lesser extent the Hiawatha coal, were decreased by the cleaning.

Shields, G.L.; Smit, F.J.; Jha, M.C.

1997-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

57

LBNL-6484E Exploring California PV Home Premiums Ben Hoen, Geoffrey T. Klise, Joshua Graff-Zivin, Mark  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

484E 484E Exploring California PV Home Premiums Ben Hoen, Geoffrey T. Klise, Joshua Graff-Zivin, Mark Thayer, Joachim Seel and Ryan Wiser Environmental Energy Technologies Division December 2013 Download from: http://emp.lbl.gov/publications/exploring-california-pv-home-premiums This research builds on work published in 2011 entitled "An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California," LBNL- 4476E, which can be downloaded here: http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/emp/reports/lbnl-

58

Direct Determination of Pyrite Content in Argonne Premium Coals by the Use of Sulfur X-ray Near Edge Absorption Spectroscopy (S-XANES)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Direct Determination of Pyrite Content in Argonne Premium Coals by the Use of Sulfur X-ray Near Edge Absorption Spectroscopy (S-XANES) ... Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 ... Argonne premium coal samples are used by researchers worldwide as standards in coal research. ...

Trudy B. Bolin

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Canadian practitioners' perception of research work investigating the cost premiums, long-term costs and health and productivity benefits of green buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite evidence suggesting conflicting views between practitioners and researchers when it comes to estimating the costs and financial benefits of green buildings, there exists no research work that has attempted to investigate practitioners' perception, and in particular Canadian practitioners', of the work conducted by researchers. To fill this gap in the literature, a web-based anonymous survey was administered to 1200 LEED accredited professionals in Canada to assess, among other things, practitioners' awareness, and confidence in research work assessing the cost premiums, long-term cost benefits, and health and productivity benefits of green buildings. The statistical analysis of the data using t-tests and mixed-model ANOVA tests showed that Canadian practitioners were still uncertain about results of the literature. Despite a slow change in attitudes the longer they worked in the field, practitioners continued to identify high cost premiums as the primary barrier to investing in green practices, and energy cost savings as the most important type of savings incurred in green buildings. The majority were uncertain about the size and impact of productivity and health benefits, and about how best to measure them. First-time adopters of LEED usually found the cost and complexity of the system prohibitive. Many believed that the decision to go green rested ultimately with the owner. That is why future research work needs to focus on improving knowledge transfer between practitioners and researchers and on improving the rigour and accuracy of the literature by using more empirical data, and getting practitioners to endorse research work in the field.

M.H. Issa; J.H. Rankin; A.J. Christian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biofuels Procurement Biofuels Procurement Preference to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Procurement Preference on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biofuels Procurement Preference State and county agency contracts awarded for the purchase of diesel fuel must give preference to bids for biofuels or blends of biofuel and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Cerebral lateralization determines hand preferences in Australian parrots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...significant relationship between foot preference and eye preference...improved the explanatory power (F 1,16 = 1075.415...tremendously in their foot preferences while manipulating...traits. The explanatory power of eye preference on foot preferences ranged from...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Managing Commodity Risks in Highway Contracts: Quantifying Premiums, Accounting for Correlations Among Risk Factors, and Designing Optimal Price-Adjustment Contracts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fixed-price contracts. In turn, the contractors respond by adding premiums in bid prices. If the contractors overprice the risk, the price of fixed-price contract could exceed the price of the contract with adjustment clauses. Consequently, highway...

Zhou, Xue

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

63

A molecular model for Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium coal: Moving toward capturing the continuum structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large-scale molecular model for Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium coal is generated based on an automated construction approach in an effort to move toward capturing the continuum structure. The model contains 50,789atoms within 728 molecules and is the largest, most complex coal representation constructed to-date. The aromatic ring size distribution was based on multiple high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) lattice fringe micrographs and was duplicated with automated construction protocols (Fringe3D) in molecular modeling space. Additional structural data was obtained from the abundant literature assessing this Argonne Premium coal. Organic oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur functionalities were incorporated primarily into the polyaromatic structures according to X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray adsorption near-edge structure spectroscopy data. Aliphatic carbons were in the form of cross-links (bridges and loops) and pendant alkyl groups based on the combination of laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (LDIMS), ruthenium ion catalyzed oxidation, elemental analysis, and NMR data in good agreement with the literature. Bound and bulk water was also included. Construction of the coal molecules was performed by use of Perl scripts developed in Materials Studio to eliminate personal bias and improve the accuracy and the scale of the structure generated. The large-scale model captured a broad and continuous molecular weight distribution in accordance with LDIMS data here ranging from 100 to 2850Da, enabling inclusion of structural diversity to capture a portion of the continuum structure. A theoretical pyridine extraction yield, determined by a group contribution approach, was in agreement with the experimental value. The extract and residue representations were generated from the large-scale Illinois coal model and showed consistency with NMR, elemental analysis and LDIMS trends. The distribution of heteroatomic classes and double bond equivalents was also well-defined experimentally based on electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. These data further constrain the molecular weight of extractable material and was consistent with limited pyridine extractability and model heteroatom classes. Future work will be well served by staying within the limits established by the approach and increasing the structural diversity (sampling frequency through increased scale) to better capture the complex nature of coal structural diversity, i.e., the continuum.

Fidel Castro-Marcano; Vladislav V. Lobodin; Ryan P. Rodgers; Amy M. McKenna; Alan G. Marshall; Jonathan P. Mathews

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Price Biodiesel Price Preference to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Price Preference on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Price Preference A governmental body, state educational institution, or instrumentality of the state that performs essential governmental functions on a statewide or

65

Interlaboratory comparisons of petrography of liquefaction residues from three Argonne premium coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three Argonne Premium coal samples, the Beulah-Zap lignite (North Dakota), the high volatile A bituminous Stockton (West Virginia), and the low volatile Pocahontas No. 3 Virginia), were ground to three initial sizes: ?20 mesh, ?100 mesh, and micronized. The samples were each subjected to liquefaction at 673 K for 30 min at a 2:1 tetralin: coal ratio and in an H2 atmosphere at 13.79 \\{MPa\\} (?2000 psi). Polished pellets of the uncoverted residues were circulated to three laboratories for a study designed to determine, albeit on a limited scale, the interlaboratory consistency in constituent identification and the problem areas in maceral/neo-maceral/mineral recognition. Within broad categories, the agreement for the Beulah-Zap and Pocahontas No. 3 residues is good. The high volatile A bituminous Stockton coal was the most plastic and most altered, resulting in a residue lending itself to more subjective interpretations. The biggest discrepancy between the laboratories is in the distinction of granular residue and mineral matter and in the transitions between partially reacted macerals and vitroplast and between vitroplast and granular residue. The initial size of the feed coal appears to influence the recognition of material in the residue.

James C. Hower; Ken B. Anderson; Glenda Mackay; Henrique Pinheiro; Deolinda Flores; Manuel J. Lemos de Sousa

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Patient preferences and acceptable risk for computed tomography in trauma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground Rising use of computed tomography (CT) to evaluate patients with trauma has increased both patient costs and risk of cancer from ionizing radiation, without demonstrable improvements in outcome. Patient-centred care mandates disclosure of the potential risks, costs and benefits of diagnostic testing whenever possible. Objective We sought to determine (1) patient preferences regarding emergency department (ED) real-time discussions of risks and costs of CT during their trauma evaluations; and (2) whether varying levels of odds of detection of life-threatening injury (LTI) were associated with changes in patient preferences for CT. Methods Excluding patients already receiving CT and patients with altered mental status, we surveyed adult, English-speaking patients at four Level I verified trauma centres. After informing subjects of cancer risks associated with chest CT, we used hypothetical scenarios with varying \\{LTIs\\} to assess patients preferences regarding CT. Results Of 941 patients enrolled, 50% were male and their mean age was 42 years. Most patients stated they would prefer to discuss CT radiation risks (73.5%, 95% CI [66.180.8]) and costs (53.2%, 95% CI [46.160.4]) with physicians. As the odds of detecting LTI decreased, preferences for receiving CT decreased accordingly: LTI 25% (desire 91.2%, 95% CI [89.493.1]), LTI 10% (desire 79.3%, 95% CI [76.781.9]), LTI 5% (desire 69.1%, 95% CI [66.172.1]) and LTI risks and costs of CT prior to receiving imaging. As the odds of detecting LTI decrease, fewer patients prefer to have CT; at an LTI threshold of 2%, approximately half of patients would prefer to forego CT. Adding out-of-pocket costs reduced this proportion to one-third of patients.

Robert M. Rodriguez; Tarann M. Henderson; Anne M. Ritchie; Mark I. Langdorf; Ali S. Raja; Eric Silverman; Joelle Schlang; Bryan Sloane; Clare E. Ronan; Craig L. Anderson; Brigitte M. Baumann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or ~28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to the research, technology transfer/outreach was a large component of CPCPC's activities. Efficient technology transfer was critical for the deployment of new technologies into the field. CPCPC organized and hosted technology transfer meetings, tours, and tutorials, attended outreach conferences and workshops to represent CPCPC and attract new members, prepared and distributed reports and publications, and developed and maintained a Web site. The second contract ended December 31, 2010, and it is apparent that CPCPC positively impacted the carbon industry and coal research. Statistics and information were compiled to provide a comprehensive account of the impact the consortium had and the beneficial outcomes of many of the individual projects. Project fact sheet, success stories, and other project information were prepared. Two topical reports, a Synthesis report and a Web report, were prepared detailing this information.

Miller, Bruce; Winton, Shea

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or {approx}28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to the research, technology transfer/outreach was a large component of CPCPC's activities. Efficient technology transfer was critical for the deployment of new technologies into the field. CPCPC organized and hosted technology transfer meetings, tours, and tutorials, attended outreach conferences and workshops to represent CPCPC and attract new members, prepared and distributed reports and publications, and developed and maintained a Web site. The second contract ended December 31, 2010, and it is apparent that CPCPC positively impacted the carbon industry and coal research. Statistics and information were compiled to provide a comprehensive account of the impact the consortium had and the beneficial outcomes of many of the individual projects. Project fact sheet, success stories, and other project information were prepared. Two topical reports, a Synthesis report and a Web report, were prepared detailing this information.

Miller, Bruce; Shea, Winton

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

69

An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or ~28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to the research, technology transfer/outreach was a large component of CPCPC's activities. Efficient technology transfer was critical for the deployment of new technologies into the field. CPCPC organized and hosted technology transfer meetings, tours, and tutorials, attended outreach conferences and workshops to represent CPCPC and attract new members, prepared and distributed reports and publications, and developed and maintained a Web site. The second contract ended December 31, 2010, and it is apparent that CPCPC positively impacted the carbon industry and coal research. Statistics and information were compiled to provide a comprehensive account of the impact the consortium had and the beneficial outcomes of many of the individual projects. Project fact sheet, success stories, and other project information were prepared. Two topical reports, a Synthesis report and a Web report, were prepared detailing this information.

Miller, Bruce; Shea, Winton

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

70

An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or {approx}28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to the research, technology transfer/outreach was a large component of CPCPC's activities. Efficient technology transfer was critical for the deployment of new technologies into the field. CPCPC organized and hosted technology transfer meetings, tours, and tutorials, attended outreach conferences and workshops to represent CPCPC and attract new members, prepared and distributed reports and publications, and developed and maintained a Web site. The second contract ended December 31, 2010, and it is apparent that CPCPC positively impacted the carbon industry and coal research. Statistics and information were compiled to provide a comprehensive account of the impact the consortium had and the beneficial outcomes of many of the individual projects. Project fact sheet, success stories, and other project information were prepared. Two topical reports, a Synthesis report and a Web report, were prepared detailing this information.

Miller, Bruce; Shea, Winton

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

71

An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or ~28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to the research, technology transfer/outreach was a large component of CPCPC's activities. Efficient technology transfer was critical for the deployment of new technologies into the field. CPCPC organized and hosted technology transfer meetings, tours, and tutorials, attended outreach conferences and workshops to represent CPCPC and attract new members, prepared and distributed reports and publications, and developed and maintained a Web site. The second contract ended December 31, 2010, and it is apparent that CPCPC positively impacted the carbon industry and coal research. Statistics and information were compiled to provide a comprehensive account of the impact the consortium had and the beneficial outcomes of many of the individual projects. Project fact sheet, success stories, and other project information were prepared. Two topical reports, a Synthesis report and a Web report, were prepared detailing this information.

Miller, Bruce; Winton, Shea

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

72

Preferences for alternative fuel vehicles of company car drivers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Costs of car ownership for company cars drivers and private car owners are very different. Car use, car choice decisions and preferences for car characteristics may therefore differ substantially between these two markets. In this paper, we present results of a study on the preferences of company car drivers for alternative fuel vehicles and their characteristics, based on data from an online stated choice experiment in the Netherlands. Results show that, assuming current car characteristics, preferences for alternative fuel vehicles, and for electric and fuel cell cars in particular, are substantially lower than those for the conventional technology. Limited driving ranges, long recharge/refuelling times and limited availability of refuelling opportunities, are to a large extent responsible for this. Preferences for alternative fuel vehicles increase considerably with improvements on these aspects, especially for the hybrid and flexifuel car. Under the current company car tax system in the Netherlands, which favours cleaner technologies, these two car types are even preferred to the conventional technology, assuming equal catalogue prices and personal monthly cost contributions. Comparing results with those from a similar choice experiment among private car owners shows that willingness to pay patterns for AFV improvements regarding driving range, recharge and refuelling times, fuel availability and diversity in AFV supply, are considerably different for company car drivers than for private car owners. Company and private car drivers may therefore react (very) differently to future improvements in AFV technology and fuel availability. We finally show that preferences of company car drivers for fuel cell and electric cars depend to a large extent on annual mileage. Market share simulations show that potential early adopters of electric and fuel cell cars can be found among people with a relatively low annual mileage.

Mark J. Koetse; Anco Hoen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Consumer preferences for seafood information attributes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Changes in consumer preferences have created a need for developing differentiated and higher valued seafood products. Providing consumers with more information about seafood products at (more)

Fonner, Robert C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Preferred orientation of ettringite in concrete fractures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

preferred orientation of ettringite. Equal area projection.stiffness for trigonal ettringite single crystal in crystalthe stiffness for an ettringite single crystal with that for

Wenk, Hans-Rudolf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Optimal strategies and utility-based prices converge when agents' preferences do  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

preferences are described by utility func- tions Un defined on the whole real line. It is shown, under with finite time horizon and utility functions defined on the whole real line. Supposing that pricesOptimal strategies and utility-based prices converge when agents' preferences do Laurence Carassus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

76

Physical properties of selected block Argonne Premium bituminous coal related to CO2, CH4, and N2 adsorption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CO2, CH4, and N2 adsorption and gas-induced swelling were quantified for block Blind Canyon, Pittsburgh #8 and Pocahontas Argonne Premium coals that were dried and structurally relaxed at 75C in vacuum. Strain measurements were made perpendicular and parallel to the bedding plane on ~7נ7נ7mm3 coal blocks and gravimetric sorption measurements were obtained simultaneously on companion coal blocks exposed to the same gaseous environment. The adsorption amount and strain were determined after equilibration at P?1.8MPa. There is a strong non-linear correlation between strain and the quantity of gas adsorbed and the results for all gases and coals studied follow a common pattern. The dependence of the coal matrix shrinkage/swelling coefficient (Cgc) on the type and quantity of gas adsorbed is seen by plotting the ratio between the strain and the adsorbate concentration against the adsorbate concentration. In general, Cgc increases with increasing adsorbate concentration over the range of ~0.1 to 1.4mmol/g. Results from the dried block coals are compared to CO2 experiments using native coals with an inherent level of moisture as received. The amount of CO2 adsorbed using native coals (assuming no displacement of H2O by CO2) is significantly less than the dried coals. The gas-induced strain (S) and adsorption amount (M) were measured as a function of time following step changes in CO2, CH4, and N2 pressure from vacuum to 1.8MPa. An empirical diffusion equation was applied to the kinetic data to obtain the exponent (n) for time dependence for each experiment. The data for all coals were pooled and the exponent (n) evaluated using an ANOVA statistical analysis method. Values for (n) near 0.5 were found to be independent on the coal, the gas or type of measurement (e.g., parallel strain, perpendicular strain, and gas uptake). These data support the use of a Fickian diffusion model framework for kinetic analysis. The kinetic constant k was determined using a unipore diffusion model for each experiment and the data were pooled for ANOVA analysis. For dry coal, statistically significant differences for k were found for the gases (CO2>N2>CH4) and coals (Pocahontas>Blind Canyon>Pittsburgh #8) but not for the method of the kinetic measurement (e.g., strain or gas uptake). For Blind Canyon and Pittsburgh #8 coal, the rate of CO2 adsorption and gas-induced strain for dry coal was significantly greater than that of the corresponding native coal. For Pocahontas coal the rates of CO2 adsorption and gas-induced strain for dry and native coal were indistinguishable and may be related to its low native moisture and minimal amount of created porosity upon drying.

S.R. Kelemen; L.M. Kwiatek

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Oxybuoy: Constructing a Real-Time Inexpensive Hypoxia Monitoring Platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oxybuoy: Constructing a Real-Time Inexpensive Hypoxia Monitoring Platform Rizal Nor1 , Mikhail on using research vessels to collect water samples for subsequent chemical anal- ysis or to deploy DO premiums to recoup their development costs. Another commercial strategy is to develop a sensor platform

Nesterenko, Mikhail

78

Application of TGFTIR to the determination of organic oxygen and its speciation in the Argonne premium coal samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During rapid pyrolysis of coal, TGFTIR (thermogravimetry Fourier transform infrared) technique can be effectively used to simultaneously detect and measure the three main O-containing gases, namely H2O, CO and CO2. Their sum corresponds to the quantitative amount of oxygen in the coal and is, in general, inherently more accurate than the by-difference values. In this paper, we first attempt to relate the by-difference values for %O reported for the Argonne premium coal samples (lignite to bituminous rank) (Argonne Users Handbook) to those determined from a TGFTIR examination of the pyrolysis gases evolved. Another objective of the work is to relate the pyrolysis gases (H2O, CO and CO2) evolved to oxygen-containing functional groups found in coals as well as the evolution of these functional groups as a function of rank. Correlations are also developed between the TGFTIR oxygen values and other parameters determined for the Argonne Premium Coals. In particular, comparisons of our results using TGFTIR with analyses carried out by other workers on functional group analysis of acidic groups are considered.

J.A. MacPhee; J.-P. Charland; L. Giroux

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Thermochemical Analysis of U.S. Argonne Premium Coal Samples by Time-Resolved Pyrolysis-Field ionization Mass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analytical pyrolysis techniques are widely used for the thermochemical analysis of coals and coal-derived products. During heating, complex mixtures of chemical substances are released from coal by distillatio...

Norbert Simmleit; Hans-Rolf Schulten; Yongseung Yun

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Fact #702: November 21, 2011 Consumer Preferences on Electric Vehicle Charging  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Data from a survey conducted between November 2010 and May 2011 show consumer preferences on electric vehicle (EV) charging times. Respondents from 17 different countries were asked for their...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Self-Reflection and Articulated Consumer Preferences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate measurement of consumer preferences reduces development costs and leads to successful products. Some product-development teams use quantitative methods such as conjoint analysis or structured methods such as ...

Hauser, John R.

82

Enterprise Mac Managed Preferences, 1st edition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many systems administrators on the Mac need a way to manage machine configuration after initial setup and deployment. Apples Managed Preferences system (also known as MCX) is under-documented, often misunderstood, and sometimes outright unknown by sys ...

Edward Marczak; Greg Neagle

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Moisture determination and structure investigation of native and dried Argonne premium coals. A hydrogen-1 solid-state NMR relaxation study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Moisture determination and structure investigation of native and dried Argonne premium coals. ... This work has been undertaken aiming to estimate the size of pores in moist coals on the basis of the nuclear magnetic resonance relaxation characteristics of water sorbed in the pores as the molecular probe. ...

X. Yang; A. R. Garcia; J. W. Larsen; B. G. Silbernagel

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Wide angle X-ray scattering study of the layering in three of the Argonne premium coals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using wide angle X-ray scattering methods, the phase interference curves and the inter-layer structure curves of thee of the Argonne Premium Coals were measured. These analyses indicate the inter-layer structuring is rank dependent. In the sub-bituminous coal (WyodakAnderson), the number of layers in the average short-range structural domain is ca. 2.3, with the average inter-layer distance being 4.1. For Pittsburgh #8 coal, the average inter-layer distance decreases slightly, to 4.0, while the number of layers in the average short-range structural domain increases to ca. 3. For the more mature Pocahontas #3, a low-volatile bituminous coal, the inter-layer distance decreases to 3.7, and the average short-range structural domain contains 4.55 layers.

D.L. Wertz; J.L. Quin

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning for premium fuel applications. Quarterly technical progress report No. 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project is a major step in the Department of Energy`s program to show that ultra-clean coal-water slurry fuel (CWF) can be produced from selected coals and that this premium fuel will be a cost-effective replacement for oil and natural gas now fueling some of the industrial and utility boilers in the United States. The replacement of oil and gas with CWF can only be realized if retrofit costs are kept to a minimum and retrofit boiler emissions meet national goals for clean air. These concerns establish the specifications for maximum ash and sulfur levels and combustion properties of the CWF. This cost-share contract is a 48-month program which started on September 30, 1992. This report discusses the technical progress made during the 4th quarter of the project from July 1 to September 30, 1993.

Smit, F.J.; Hogsett, R.F.; Jha, M.C.

1993-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

86

Consumer preferences for green power in Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mexico has an abundant supply of renewable energy resources but little is known about the consumers' preferences for green power consumption. This paper investigates households' preferences for adoption of green power technologies in Central Mexico. Using a structured questionnaire, we presented a green power purchase scenario to elicit consumers' buying intention. We estimate the buying intention for specific adoption of water solar boilers as it is a critical equipment to deploy in the study region. We find some evidence that buying intention is largely influenced by the affordability of equipment, even if such equipment's energy is not green. Equipment availability, relative advantage, and perceived value of utilisation were found to influence buying intention positively. Our results shed light on buying consumers' intentions and the current green power options, and offer practical insight into Mexican household preferences on how to support further deployments of green power.

Pável Reyes-Mercado; Rajagopal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Citrus Preferences Among Customers of Selected Stores.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Their Juices 19 Specific Citrus Preferences ........................................ 22 Size of Can .................................................. 22 .................................... Sweetened and Unsweetened 23 ............................ Fresh... frozen orange juice concentrate was available in 6- ounce cans. Nationally advertised, private and canners' brands of citrus juices were available in the stores. Citrus juices were available in natural, sweetened and sugar- added forms. Sweetened...

Bitting, H. Wayne; Bayton, James A.; Fugett, Kenneth A.

1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Dispersing brush mice prefer habitat like home  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Dispersing brush mice prefer habitat like home Karen E Mabry * Judy A Stamps * Author...habitat similar to that at our study site, home ranges were 0.11-0.15ha, and no between-sex difference in adult home range size was detected (Kalcounis-Ruppell...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

On Programs with Linearly Ordered Multiple Preferences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

programs allows for the defeat of rules to resolve contradictions. We propose a refinement of these se the following extended answer sets: N 1 = {local , politics} N 2 = {local , sports} N 3 = {national , economy} N 4 = {international , economy} . The redaction wishes to order them according to their preferences

Vermeir, Dirk

90

Considering Risk-Taking Behavior in Travel Time Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wide distribution of preferences for speed and reliability.Distribution of Motorists Preference for Travel Time and Reliability:time, reliability and cost have normal distributions, i.e. ,

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

CO2 Isotherms Measured on Moisture-Equilbrated Argonne Premium Coals at 550C and 15 Mpa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sorption isotherms, which describe the coals gas storage capacity, are important for estimating the carbon sequestration potential of coal seams. The DOE-NETL initiated a second inter-laboratory isotherm comparison of coals where CO2 sorption isotherms were collected on moisture-equilibrated coals at temperatures and pressures relevant to CO2 sequestration. Each laboratory used the same coal samples and followed the same general procedure; however, each laboratory used their own apparatus and isotherm measurement technique. This study investigated the inter-laboratory reproducibility of carbon dioxide isotherm measurements on moisture-equilibrated Argonne premium coal samples (Pocahontas #3, Illinois #6, and Beulah Zap). Six independent laboratories provided isotherm data on the three moisture-equilibrated coal samples at 55oC and pressures up to 15 MPa. Agreement among the laboratories was good up to 8 MPa. At the higher pressures, the data among the laboratories diverged significantly for two of the laboratories and coincided reasonably well for four of the laboratories. This work provides guidance for estimating the reproducibility that might be expected when comparing published sorption isotherms on moisture-equilibrated coals from different laboratories.

Goodman, A.L.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Preferred hierarchy scales from the product landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The product landscape method has been recently proposed to solve hierarchy problems such as the cosmological constant problem. We suggest that the parameter distribution on logarithmic scales should be used as a benchmark for hierarchy, and the preferred hierarchy scales can be obtained from the distribution peak. It is shown that generating hierarchy from purely product distribution is very inefficient. To achieve a reasonably acceptable efficiency, other effects such as accumulation of weak hierarchy in the effective theory should be incorporated.

Songlin Lv; Zheng Sun; Lina Wu

2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

93

Memory effect of the online user preference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mechanism of the online user preference evolution is of great significance for understanding the online user behaviors and improving the quality of online services. Since users are allowed to rate on objects in many online systems, ratings can well reflect the users' preference. With two benchmark datasets from online systems, we uncover the memory effect in users' selecting behavior which is the sequence of qualities of selected objects and the rating behavior which is the sequence of ratings delivered by each user. Furthermore, the memory duration is presented to describe the length of a memory, which exhibits the power-law distribution, i.e., the probability of the occurring of long-duration memory is much higher than that of the random case which follows the exponential distribution. We present a preference model in which a Markovian process is utilized to describe the users' selecting behavior, and the rating behavior depends on the selecting behavior. With only one parameter for each of the user's s...

Hou, Lei; Guo, Qiang; Liu, Jian-Guo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Policy Flash 2013-28 Implementation of Indian Energy Preference...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of Indian Energy Preference Provision in EP Act 2005 and Acquisition Letter 2013-02 Policy Flash 2013-28 Implementation of Indian Energy Preference Provision in EP Act 2005 and...

95

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Procurement Preference for Electric and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Procurement Preference Procurement Preference for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Procurement Preference for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Procurement Preference for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Procurement Preference for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Procurement Preference for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Procurement Preference for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Procurement Preference for Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles on AddThis.com...

96

Quantification of mineral matter in the Argonne Premium Coals using interactive Rietveld-based X-ray diffraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mineral matter in the eight reference North American coal samples of the Argonne Premium Coal series has been investigated on a quantitative basis using X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. X-ray diffraction data obtained from electronic low-temperature (oxygenplasma) ash (LTA) residues, from ashes produced by heating the coals in air at 370C, and also from the raw coals themselves, were evaluated using an interactive data processing system (siroquant) based on Rietveld interpretation methods. The results from the three types of material (LTA, 370C ash and raw coal) were compared for each sample. This allowed the components present in the raw coals in crystalline form to be recognised separately from mineral artifacts produced, particularly in the low-rank coals, from interaction of organically associated elements (Ca, S, etc.) during the two ashing processes. After the allowance for the production of any artifacts, the quantitative mineral assemblages identified from XRD of the raw coals were found to be consistent, even for coals having a relatively low ash percentage (around 5%), with the results obtained from the respective mineral concentrates prepared by the ashing methods. The effects of heating the coal to 370C could also be distinguished, relative to the raw coal or the LTA, through changes in components such as pyrite and the clay minerals. Although some areas of uncertainty exist, particularly with magnesium in the low-rank coals, the calculated chemical compositions of the coal ash derived from the mineral mixtures identified for each coal were also found to be consistent with the results of direct chemical analysis of the respective coal ash materials.

Colin R. Ward; John C. Taylor; C.E. Matulis; L.S. Dale

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Computing Political Preference among Twitter Followers Jennifer Golbeck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computing Political Preference among Twitter Followers Jennifer Golbeck Human-Computer Interaction bias and political information seeking preferences. As many media outlets create online personas, we seek to automatically estimate the political preferences of their audience, rather than of the outlet

Golbeck, Jennifer

98

Computing Political Preference among Twitter Followers Jen Golbeck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computing Political Preference among Twitter Followers Jen Golbeck College of Information Studies outlets create online personas, we seek to measure the political preferences of their audience, rather than of the outlet itself. In this paper, we present a method for computing political preferences

Golbeck, Jennifer

99

Predicting Political Preference of Twitter Users Aibek Makazhanov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting Political Preference of Twitter Users Aibek Makazhanov Nazarbayev University Research the problem of predicting the political preference of users on the Twitter network, showing that the political preference of users can be predicted from their interac- tion with political parties. We show

Rafiei, Davood

100

Measuring mobile banking customers' channel attribute preferences in service consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of the paper was to measure mobile banking customers' channel attribute preferences in two different banking services, namely request for account balance service and bill paying. An Internet survey was implemented and conjoint analysis ... Keywords: account balance, bills payment, conjoint analysis, consumer preferences, customer preferences, financial services, m-banking, m-services, mobile banking, mobile communications, mobile services

Tommi Laukkanen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Valuing time and reliability: assessing the evidence from road pricing demonstrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution of motorists preferences for travel time and reliability:time and reliability as preferences about this distribution.reliability can be fruitfully modeled as a property of the upper tail of the travel-time distribution

Brownstone, David; Small, K A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Gravity with a dynamical preferred frame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a generally covariant model in which local Lorentz invariance is broken "spontaneously" by a dynamical unit timelike vector field $u^a$---the "aether". Such a model makes it possible to study the gravitational and cosmological consequences of preferred frame effects, such as ``variable speed of light" or high frequency dispersion, while preserving a generally covariant metric theory of gravity. In this paper we restrict attention to an action for an effective theory of the aether which involves only the antisymmetrized derivative $\

Ted Jacobson; David Mattingly

2001-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

103

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #531: August 11, 2008 Preferences for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1: August 11, 1: August 11, 2008 Preferences for Hybrids and Diesels to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #531: August 11, 2008 Preferences for Hybrids and Diesels on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #531: August 11, 2008 Preferences for Hybrids and Diesels on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #531: August 11, 2008 Preferences for Hybrids and Diesels on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #531: August 11, 2008 Preferences for Hybrids and Diesels on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #531: August 11, 2008 Preferences for Hybrids and Diesels on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #531: August 11, 2008 Preferences for Hybrids and Diesels on AddThis.com...

104

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Agency Preference for Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

State Agency State Agency Preference for Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Agency Preference for Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Agency Preference for Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Agency Preference for Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Agency Preference for Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Agency Preference for Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Agency Preference for Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicles on

105

Gravity with a dynamical preferred frame  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study a generally covariant model in which local Lorentz invariance is broken by a dynamical unit timelike vector field uathe aether. Such a model makes it possible to study the gravitational and cosmological consequences of preferred frame effects, such as variable speed of light or high frequency dispersion, while preserving a generally covariant metric theory of gravity. In this paper we restrict attention to an action for an effective theory of the aether which involves only the antisymmetrized derivative ?[aub]. Without matter this theory is equivalent to a sector of the Einstein-Maxwell-charged dust system. The aether has two massless transverse excitations, and the solutions of the model include all vacuum solutions of general relativity (as well as other solutions). However, the aether generally develops gradient singularities which signal a breakdown of this effective theory. Including the symmetrized derivative in the action for the aether field may cure this problem.

Ted Jacobson and David Mattingly

2001-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

106

Assessment of Preferred Depleted Uranium Disposal Forms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) is in the process of converting about 700,000 metric tons (MT) of depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF6) containing 475,000 MT of depleted uranium (DU) to a stable form more suitable for long-term storage or disposal. Potential conversion forms include the tetrafluoride (DUF4), oxide (DUO2 or DU3O8), or metal. If worthwhile beneficial uses cannot be found for the DU product form, it will be sent to an appropriate site for disposal. The DU products are considered to be low-level waste (LLW) under both DOE orders and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations. The objective of this study was to assess the acceptability of the potential DU conversion products at potential LLW disposal sites to provide a basis for DOE decisions on the preferred DU product form and a path forward that will ensure reliable and efficient disposal.

Croff, A.G.; Hightower, J.R.; Lee, D.W.; Michaels, G.E.; Ranek, N.L.; Trabalka, J.R.

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

The Coherence Premium:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Evidence was found for the partial explanation of firm succes from a new point of view: coherence. A positive relationship was found between coherence, a (more)

Van Braam Houckgeest, A.Q.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

EIS-0391: Notice of Preferred Alternative | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Notice of Preferred Alternative Notice of Preferred Alternative EIS-0391: Notice of Preferred Alternative DOE's Preferred Alternative for Certain Tanks Evaluated in the Final Tank Closure and Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement for the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is announcing its preferred alternative for wastes contained in underground radioactive waste storage tanks evaluated in the Final Tank Closure and Waste Management Environmental Impact Statement for the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington (Final TC & WM EIS, DOE/EIS-0391, December 2012). With regard to those wastes that, in the future, may be properly and legally classified as mixed transuranic waste (mixed TRU waste). DOE's preferred alternative is to retrieve, treat,

109

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8: April 3, 2006 8: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #418: April 3, 2006 Consumer Preference on Gasoline Tax vs. Fuel Economy Regulation on Digg

110

DOE Identifies its Preferred Alternative for Certain Hanford...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

its preferred alternative for wastes contained in underground radioactive waste storage tanks evaluated in the Final Tank Closure and Waste Management Environmental Impact...

111

Measuring mobile banking customers' channel attribute preferences in service consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of the paper was to measure mobile banking customers' channel attribute preferences in two different banking services, namely request for account balance service and bill paying. An Internet survey was implemented and conjoint analysis was used. In addition, the respondents were clustered into homogenous segments on the basis of their channel attribute preferences. The findings indicate slight differences between the services in respondents' channel attribute preferences while individual respondents' preferences vary widely. The results provide important information for service providers' marketing campaigns and communication activities and device manufacturers' aims to develop different kinds of devices for different market segments.

Tommi Laukkanen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area is one of the largest reservoirs in the domestic U.S. and is the largest reservoir in area extent in the world. Production from Spraberry sands is found over a 2,500 sq. mile area and Spraberry reservoirs can be found in an eight county area in west Texas. Over 150 operators produce 65,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) from the Spraberry Trend Area from more than 9,000 production wells. Recovery is poor, on the order of 7-10% due to the profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, yet billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain. We estimate over 15% of remaining reserves in domestic Class III reservoirs are in Spraberry Trend Area reservoirs. This tremendous domestic asset is a prime example of an endangered hydrocarbon resource in need of immediate technological advancements before thousands of wells are permanently abandoned. This report describes the final work of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area.'' The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. This objective has been accomplished through research in three areas: (1) detail historical review and extensive reservoir characterization, (2) production data management, and (3) field demonstration. This provides results of the final year of the three-year project for each of the three areas.

David S. Schechter

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

The Formation and Persistence of Automobile Brand Preferences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Formation and Persistence of Automobile Brand Preferences Soren T. Anderson Michigan State preferences in the automobile market demonstrate strong persistence, which im- plies that market conditions empirical evidence that (1) individuals tend to choose the same brand of automobile again and again

Silver, Whendee

114

FOR THE RECORD Discovery of a significant, nontopological preference for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2003) Abstract To help elucidate the role of secondary structure packing preferences in protein folding in guiding supersecondary structure formation in protein folding. This knowledge of preferred packing angles can be used to guide the engineering of stable protein modules. Keywords: Protein folding; secondary

115

Understand Employee Attitudes and Preferences About Commuting Alternatives  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Understand Employee Attitudes and Preferences About Commuting Understand Employee Attitudes and Preferences About Commuting Alternatives for Greenhouse Gas Profile Understand Employee Attitudes and Preferences About Commuting Alternatives for Greenhouse Gas Profile October 7, 2013 - 2:21pm Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 For evaluating a greenhouse gas (GHG) profile, assess the employees' level of satisfaction with the commute relative to the commute methods used. Also assess the willingness of employees to try alternatives to single-occupancy vehicle commuting at a given worksite. Preferences for alternatives might also be examined by employee home location to determine, for example, whether employees residing in certain areas are more receptive to bus travel versus carpooling. The highest stated preferences might be targeted for trip reduction campaigns.

116

Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning for premium fuel applications. Quarterly technical progress report 15, April--June 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Goal is engineering development of two advanced physical fine coal cleaning processes, column flotation and selective agglomeration, for premium fuel applications. Scope includes laboratory research and bench-scale testing on 6 coals to optimize these processes, followed by design/construction/operation of a 2-t/hr PDU. During this quarter, parametric testing of the 30-in. Microcel{trademark} flotation column at the Lady Dunn plant was completed and clean coal samples submitted for briquetting. A study of a novel hydrophobic dewatering process continued at Virginia Tech. Benefits of slurry PSD (particle size distribution) modification and pH adjustment were evaluated for the Taggart and Hiawatha coals; they were found to be small. Agglomeration bench-scale test results were positive, meeting product ash specifications. PDU Flotation Module operations continued; work was performed with Taggart coal to determine scaleup similitude between the 12-in. and 6-ft Microcel{trademark} columns. Construction of the PDU selective agglomeration module continued.

Moro, N.; Shields, G.L.; Smit, F.J.; Jha, M.C.

1996-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

117

The health of a nation predicts their mate preferences: cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for masculinized male faces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1001 14 87 70 The health of a nation predicts their mate preferences...will be stronger in cultures where poor health is particularly harmful to survival...preferences for male facial masculinity and a health index derived from World Health Organization...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal, Annual Progress Report, October 1, 2003 through September 30, 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University (PSU) has been successfully operating the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which is a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technology on premium carbon produces from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC is an initiative being led by PSU, its co-charter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provides the base funding for the program, with PSU responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity has continued under the present cooperative agreement, No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003. The objective of the second agreement is to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC has enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, that includes PSU and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC is its industry-led council that selects proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas have strong industrial support. A second contract was executed with DOE NETL starting in October 2003 to continue the activities of CPCPC. An annual funding meeting was held in October 2003 and the council selected 10 projects for funding. Base funding for the projects is provided by NETL with matching funds from industry. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the various subcontractors on March 1, 2004.

Andresen, John; Schobert, Harold; Miller, Bruce G

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Where the wind blows: Assessing the effect of fixed and premium based feed-in tariffs on the spatial diversification of wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Feed-in tariffs (FIT) are among the most important policy instruments to promote renewable electricity production. The fixed-price FIT (FFIT), which guarantee a fixed price for every unit of produced electricity and the premium based FIT (PFIT), which pay a premium on top of the market price are commonly implemented in the EU. Costs for balancing intermittent electricity production may be significantly higher with FFIT than with PFIT, and FFIT do not provide any incentive to produce electricity when marginal production costs are high. In contrast, PFIT do provide strong incentives to better match renewable power output with marginal production costs in the system. The purpose of this article is to assess the effects of the two tariff schemes on the choice of wind turbine locations. In an analytical model, we show that both the covariance between wind power supply and demand as well as between the different wind power locations matter for investors in a PFIT scheme. High covariance with other intermittent producers causes a decrease in market prices and consequently in revenues for wind power investors. They are therefore incentivized to diversify the locations of wind turbines to decrease the covariance between different wind power production locations. In an empirical optimization model, we analyze the effects of these two different schemes in a policy experiment for Austria. The numerical results show that under a PFIT scheme, (1) spatial diversification is incentivized, (2) the covariance of wind power production with marginal electricity production costs increases, and (3) the variances of the wind power output and of residual load decrease if wind power deployment attains 10% of total national electricity consumption.

J. Schmidt; G. Lehecka; V. Gass; E. Schmid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning for premium fuel applications. Quarterly technical progress report No. 6, January--March 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project is a major step in the Department of Energy`s program to show that ultra-clean coal-water slurry fuel (CWF) can be produced from selected coals and that this premium fuel will be a cost-effectve replacement for oil and natural gas now fueling some of the industrial and utility boilers in the United States as well as for advanced combustars currently under development. The replacement of oil and gas with CWF can only be realized if retrofit costs are kept to a minimum and retrofit boiler emissions meet national goals fbr clean air. These concerns establish the specifications for maximum ash and sulfur levels and combustion properties of the CWF. This cost-share contract is a 51-month program which started on September 30, 1992. This report discusses the technical progress, made during the 6th quarter of the project from January 1 to March 31, 1994. The project has three major objectives: (1) The primary objective is to develop the design base for prototype commercial advanced fine coal cleaning facilities capable of producing ultra-clean coals suitable for conversion to coal-water slurry fuel for premium fuel applications. The fine coal cleaning technologies are advanced column flotation and selective agglomeration. (2) A secondary objective is to develop the design base for near-term application of these advanced fine coal cleaning technologies in new or existing coal preparation plants for efficiently processing minus 28-mesh coal fines and converting this to marketable products in current market economics. (3) A third objective is to determine the removal of toxic trace elements from coal by advance column flotation and selective agglomeration technologies.

Smit, F.J.; Rowe, R.M.; Anast, K.R.; Jha, M.C.

1994-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Combining human preference and biodiversity priorities for marine protected area site selection in Sabah, Malaysia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High human reliance on marine resources in developing countries is a challenge for implementing marine protected areas, which usually seek to limit or restrict fishing in selected areas. Fishers spatial preferences should be considered during the site selection process, but biodiversity considerations are generally the primary focus. The Protected Area Suitability Index (PASI) is a fuzzy logic spatial planning tool that combines human preferences and conservation criteria to assess the suitability of marine sites for being protected from fishing and other extractive use. We apply the PASI in zoning a marine sanctuary in Sabah, Malaysia, with the objectives of (i) assessing the PASIs ability to capture fishers spatial preferences; and (ii) comparing the nuances of community based and fuzzy logic approaches in spatial planning. There was overlap in sites chosen for protection by both approaches, and multi-dimensional scaling results suggest that the PASI captures fishers preferences. Community consultations enable direct integration of local knowledge to fill gaps in scientific knowledge, but can be time consuming and expensive. The PASI is an alternative to data and labour intensive conservation planning tools that are currently available, and can be particularly useful for zoning marine protected areas in data poor developing countries where conservation requires quick action.

Lydia C.L. Teh; Louise S.L. Teh; Robecca Jumin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the work performed during the second year of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area''. The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. To achieve this objective, in this period we concentrated our effort on characterization of Germania Unit using an analog field ET ODaniel unit and old cased hole neutron. Petrophysical Characterization of the Germania Spraberry units requires a unique approach for a number of reasons--limited core data, lack of modern log data and absence of directed studies within the unit. The need for characterization of the Germania unit has emerged as a first step in the review, understanding and enhancement of the production practices applicable within the unit and the trend area in general. In the absence or lack of the afore mentioned resources, an approach that will rely heavily on previous petrophysical work carried out in the neighboring ET O'Daniel unit (6.2 miles away), and normalization of the old log data prior to conventional interpretation techniques will be used. A log-based rock model has been able to guide successfully the prediction of pay and non-pay intervals within the ET O'Daniel unit, and will be useful if found applicable within the Germania unit. A novel multiple regression technique utilizing non-parametric transformations to achieve better correlations in predicting a dependent variable (permeability) from multiple independent variables (rock type, shale volume and porosity) will also be investigated in this study. A log data base includes digitized formats of Gamma Ray, Cased Hole Neutron, limited Resistivity and Neutron/Density/Sonic porosity logs over a considerable wide area. In addition, a progress report on GSU waterflood pilot is reported for this period. We have seen positive response of water injection on new wells. We believe by proper data acquisition and precise reservoir engineering techniques, any lack of confidence in waterflooding can be overcome. Therefore, we develop field management software to control a vast data from the pilot and to perform precise reservoir engineering techniques such as decline curve analysis, gas and oil material balances, bubble map plot and PVT analysis. The manual for this software is listed in the Appendix-A.

C. M. Sizemore; David S. Schechter

2003-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

123

EIS-0287: Notice of Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology EIS-0287: Notice of Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology Idaho High-Level Waste (HLW) and Facilities Disposition In October 2002, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE or the Department) issued the Final Idaho High-Level Waste (HLW) and Facilities Disposition Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS-0287 (Final EIS)). The Final EIS contains an evaluation of reasonable alternatives for the management of mixed transuranic waste/sodium bearing waste (SBW),1 mixed HLW calcine, and associated low-level waste (LLW), as well as disposition alternatives for HLW facilities when their missions are completed. DOE/EIS-0287, Notice of Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology, Office of Environmental Management, Idaho, 70 FR 44598 (August

124

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study, Preferred Builders, Old...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

R-13 closed-cell spray foam under the slab and on basement walls, an ERV, and a gas boiler for forced air and radiant floor heat. Preferred Buildings, Inc. - Old Greenwich, CT...

125

Student Preferences for Academic Advisors as Transformational Leaders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A quantitative study was conducted to determine the preferences of undergraduate students for academic advisors as transformational leaders. A questionnaire was developed and distributed to undergraduate students enrolled in leadership classes at a...

Drozd, Deborah Suzanne

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

126

Public Acceptability of and Preferences for Used Nuclear Fuel...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acceptance and Preferences for Used Nuclear Fuel Management in the U.S. Hank C. Jenkins-Smith Kuhika Gupta Center for Energy, Security & Society University of Oklahoma Energy...

127

MUSICAL PREFERENCES OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN Heiner Gembris & Gabriele Schellberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

= .000, Kruskal-Wallis) age-related changes in preferences regarding all types of music. Pop music regarding all types of music are highly significant (p = .000, Kruskal-Wallis). With increasing age, all

Noé, Reinhold

128

Measuring Constituent Policy Preferences in Congress, State Legislatures, and Cities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Little is known about the American publics policy preferences at the level of Congressional districts, state legislative districts, and local municipalities. In this article, we overcome the limited sample sizes that have ...

Tausanovitch, Chris

129

St. Augustinegrass Warm-season turfgrass. Prefers full sun, but  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

St. Augustinegrass Warm-season turfgrass. Prefers full sun, but has a high tolerance for shade-season grass. It does best in full sun and high temperatures. Goes dormant and turns brown in winter. Very

Ishida, Yuko

130

Ovipositional preferences of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Fabricius)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The same method was used except that 9 females were used for each test. Determining the Presence of Biologically Active Compounds A study was initiated to determine whether chemical factors in the host plants of the tobacco budworm had any effect.... Both fruiting and non-fruiting tobacco plants were preferred over cotton plants. Substrate suzface texture appears to have a significant effect upon the ovipositional preference of the tobacco budworm. Leaves of a hirsute and normal line of cotton...

Deutsch, Randall Gary

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Joint mixed logit models of stated and revealed preferences for alternative-fuel vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for forecasting demand for alternative-fuel vehicles. In:preferences for alternative-fuel vehicles David Brownstonespondents' preferences for alternative-fuel vehicles. The e

Brownston, David; Bunch, David S.; Train, Kenneth

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal, Annual Progress Report, October 1, 2004 through September 30, 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University (PSU) has been successfully operating the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which is a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technology on premium carbon produces from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC is an initiative being led by PSU, its co-charter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provides the base funding for the program, with PSU responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity has continued under the present cooperative agreement, No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003. The objective of the second agreement is to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC has enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, that includes PSU and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC is its industry-led council that selects proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas have strong industrial support. A second contract was executed with DOE NETL starting in October 2003 to continue the activities of CPCPC. An annual funding meeting was held in October 2003 and the council selected ten projects for funding. Base funding for the projects is provided by NETL with matching funds from industry. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on March 1, 2004. Nine of the ten projects have been completed and the final reports for these 2004 projects are attached. An annual funding meeting was held in November 2004 and the council selected eleven projects for funding. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on March 1, 2005. Three additional projects were selected for funding during the April 2005 tutorial/funding meeting. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on July 1, 2005.

Miller, Bruce G

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal, Annual Progress Report, October 1, 2005 through September 30, 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University has been successfully managing the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which is a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technology on premium carbon produces from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC is an initiative being led by Penn State, its co-charter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provides the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity has continued under the present cooperative agreement, No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003. The objective of the second agreement is to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC has enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, that includes Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC is its industry-led council that selects proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas have strong industrial support. Base funding for the selected projects is provided by NETL with matching funds from industry. At the annual funding meeting held in October 2003, ten projects were selected for funding. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on March 1, 2004. Nine of the ten 2004 projects were completed during the previous annual reporting period and their final reports were submitted with the previous annual report (i.e., 10/01/04-09/30/05). The final report for the remaining project, which was submitted during this reporting period (i.e., 10/01/05-09/30/06), is attached. At the annual funding meeting held in November 2004, eleven projects were selected for funding. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on March 1, 2005. Three additional projects were selected for funding during the April 2005 tutorial/funding meeting. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on July 1, 2005. Of these fourteen 2005 projects, eleven have been completed and the final reports are attached. An annual funding meeting was held in November 2005 and the council selected five projects for funding. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on March 1, 2006, except for one that started October 1, 2006.

Bruce G. Miller

2006-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

134

Preferred methods of analysis for chemical tracers in moderate- and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Preferred methods of analysis for chemical tracers in moderate- and Preferred methods of analysis for chemical tracers in moderate- and high-temperature geothermal environments Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Preferred methods of analysis for chemical tracers in moderate- and high-temperature geothermal environments Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: This report describes the sampling and analytical techniques used for tracer analysis in the Raft River and East Mesa field tests. The collection procedures and sample preservation techniques, analytical methods and possible sources of contamination or error are discussed in detail. Author(s): Kroneman, R. L.; Yorgason, K. R.; Moore, J. N. Published: DOE Information Bridge, 12/1/1984 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: 10.2172/5121460

135

The effect of dimensional preference on paired-associate learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF DIMENSIONAL PREFERENCE ON PAIRED-ASSOCIATE LEARNING A Th sis by DAYID HENRY GILL Submitted to the Graduate Co'liege of Texas AIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MA TER OF SCIENCE August... 1970 Major Subject: Psychology THE EFFECT OF DIMENSIONAL PREFERENCE ON PAIRED-ASSOCIATE LEARNING A Thesis by DAVID HENRY GILL Approved as to style and content by: Chairman o Committee a Lo Member) of o pe t~ent Member August 1970 ADSTRACT...

Gill, David Henry

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

What is the Chance that the Equity Premium Varies Evidence from Regressions on the Dividend-Price Ratio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the Dividend-Price Ratio Jessica A. Wachter University of Pennsylvania and NBER Missaka Warusawitharana Board of predictability. When we apply our methods to the dividend-price ratio, we find that even investors who are quite confronted by the historical time series of returns and predictor variables. Correctly taking into account

Kahana, Michael J.

137

CP 2005 Sitges, Spain, October 3, 2005 Preference Reasoning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CP 2005 Sitges, Spain, October 3, 2005 Preference Reasoning Francesca Rossi University of Padova, Italy CP 2005 Sitges, Spain, October 3, 2005 Joint work with ... Stefano Bistarelli, Univ. Pescara, Australia CP 2005 Sitges, Spain, October 3, 2005 Ultimate goal A formalism to model many kinds

Rossi, Francesca

138

Understanding Sharing Preferences and Behavior for mHealth Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding Sharing Preferences and Behavior for mHealth Devices Aarathi Prasad1 , Jacob Sorber2 of the collection and sharing of their personal health information collected using mobile health (mHealth) devices mHealth. We investigated users' will- ingness to share their personal information, collected using mHealth

139

PREFERRED ORIENTATION OF QUARTZ IN A CHERT BRECCIA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Preferred orientation of minerals hitherto has been studied...phosphorite, chalk, marl, lime- stone, and dolomite...fabrics ob- tained by H. Green in artificial deformation...Christie, H. W. Green, D. T. Griggs, W...manuscript. H. W. Green kindly let us use some...

Hans-Rudolf Wenk; Yehoshua Kolodny

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Folder Contents New Search | Folder | Preferences | Help | Exit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Folder Contents New Search | Folder | Preferences | Help | Exit Basic Search Advanced Search Visual Advanced Search Visual Search Choose Databases UNIV OF MONTANA-MISSOULA Sign In to My EBSCOhost Keyword Search Choose Databases UNIV OF MONTANA-MISSOULA Sign In to My EBSCOhost Keyword | Publications | Subject

Bardsley, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning for premium fuel applications. Quarterly technical progress report 9, October 1, 1994--December 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary goal of this project is the engineering development of two advanced physical fine coal cleaning processes, column flotation and selective agglomeration, for premium fuel applications. The project scope includes laboratory research and bench-scale testing on six coals to optimize these processes, followed by design, and construction of a 2-t/hr process development unit (PDU). The PDU will then be operated to generate 200 ton lots of each of three project coals, by each process. The project began in October, 1992 and is scheduled for completion by March, 1997. During Quarter 9 (October--December, 1995), parametric and optimization testing was completed for the Taggart, Sunnyside, and Indiana VII coal using a 12-inch Microcel{trademark} flotation column. The detailed design of the 2-t/hr PDU grinding, flotation, and dewatering circuits neared completion with the specification of the major pieces of capital equipment to be purchased for these areas. Selective agglomeration test work investigated the properties of various industrial grades of heptane for use during bench- and PDU-scale testing. It was decided to use a hydrotreated grade of commercial heptane due to its low cost and low concentration of aromatic compounds. The final Subtask 6.4 CWF Formulation Studies Test Plan was issued. A draft version of the Subtask 6.5 Preliminary Design and Test Plan Report was also issued, discussing the progress made in the design of the bench-scale selective agglomeration unit. PDU construction work moved forward through the issuing of 26 request for quotations and 21 award packages for capital equipment.

Moro, N.; Shields, G.L.; Smit, F.J.; Jha, M.C. [AMAX Research and Development Center, Golden, CO (United States)

1995-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

142

MotorWeek Video Transcript: Ethanol Preferred by Indy Racing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ethanol Preferred by Indy Racing Ethanol Preferred by Indy Racing John Davis: In an age where drivers switch sponsor allegiances as quickly as they change hats, Team Ethanol Indy Car driver Paul Dana was a rarity: A driver who not only believed in his sponsor's product, he took a personal interest in promoting it. Tragically, a collision during practice killed Paul just hours before the season's first green flag. Although his life was cut short before he ever won a race in the IRL, he leaves behind a champion's legacy no less powerful. We know ethanol is a clean-burning, renewable and American-made alternative to imported petroleum as a fuel for our street cars, but ethanol is also well-suited as a performance fuel. Tim Tom Slunecka: "The ethanol industry has been trying to communicate

143

Colorado Homeowner Preferences on Energy and Environmental Policy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Homeowner Homeowner Preferences on Energy and Environmental Policy June 1999 * NREL/TP-550-25285 Barbara C. Farhar, Ph.D. Timothy C. Coburn, Ph.D. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-98-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-98-GO10337 June 1999 * NREL/TP-550-25285 Colorado Homeowner Preferences on Energy and Environmental Policy Barbara C. Farhar, Ph.D. Timothy C.Coburn, Ph.D. Prepared under Task No. PV908201 NOTICE

144

Recipient allocation preferences and organizational choices: a fit perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Christopher O. L. H. Porter was one of the most influential people throughout my graduate career, I thank him for his tremendous help with this dissertation and also for our work in the Team Research Lab. Mindy Bergman and Angelo DeNisi were very helpful... the relationship between different outcome types and choice of an allocation preference almost exclusively focused on the outcome categories proposed by the social exchange theory (Foa & Foa, 1975). The theory identifies six outcome categories that may...

Gogus, Celile Itir

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

145

Explaining social learning of food preferences without aversions: an evolutionary simulation model of Norway rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...evolutionary simulation model of Norway rats Jason Noble * Peter M. Todd Elio Tucif...Lentzeallee 94, 14195, Berlin, Germany Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) transmit preferences...smelling each other's breath. However, rats fail to learn aversions, acquiring a preference...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Infants Prefer the Musical Meter of Their Own Culture: A Cross-Cultural Comparison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infants Prefer the Musical Meter of Their Own Culture: A Cross-Cultural Comparison Gaye Soley to determine whether cultural background would influence their preferences for musical meter. In Experiment 1, American infants preferred Western over Balkan meter, whereas Turkish infants, who were familiar with both

Ahmad, Sajjad

147

ELICITING UTILITY FOR (NON)EXPECTED UTILITY PREFERENCES USING INVARIANCE TRANSFORMATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELICITING UTILITY FOR (NON)EXPECTED UTILITY PREFERENCES USING INVARIANCE TRANSFORMATIONS André DE,version1-15Sep2010 #12;Eliciting Utility for (Non)Expected Utility Preferences Using Invariance of (non)-expected utility theory. When individual preference satisfies a given invariance property, his

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

148

Individual characteristics and stated preferences for alternative energy sources and propulsion technologies in vehicles: A discrete choice analysis for Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With respect to the German goal of a transition to a lead market for electromobility within a short time period, this paper empirically examines the preferences for alternative energy sources or propulsion technologies in vehicles and particularly for electric vehicles. The data stem from a stated preference discrete choice experiment with 598 potential German car buyers. In order to simulate a realistic future purchase situation, seven vehicle types were incorporated in each of the six choice sets, i.e. hybrid, gas, biofuel, hydrogen, and electric vehicles besides common gasoline and diesel vehicles. The econometric analysis with flexible multinomial probit models reveals that potential car buyers in Germany currently have a low stated preference for electric, hydrogen, and hybrid vehicles. While our paper also discusses the impact of common vehicle attributes such as purchase price or service station availability, it particularly considers the effect of socio-demographic and environmental awareness variables. The estimation results reveal that younger potential car buyers have a higher stated preference for hydrogen and electric vehicles, males have a higher stated choice of hydrogen vehicles, and environmentally aware potential car buyers have a higher stated preference for hydrogen and electric vehicles. These results suggest that common policy instruments such as the promotion of research and development, taxation, or subsidization in the field of electromobility could be supplemented by strategies to increase the social acceptance of alternative vehicle types that are directly oriented to these population groups. Methodologically, our study highlights the importance of the inclusion of taste persistence across the choice sets and a high number of random draws in the GewekeHajivassiliouKeane simulator in the simulated maximum likelihood estimation of the multinomial probit models.

Andreas Ziegler

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Exploring California PV Home Premiums  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013) Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems in California:of the Effects of Photovoltaic Energy Systems on ResidentialEffects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home

Hoen, Ben

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Energy Efficiency as a Preferred Resource: Evidence from Utility Resource  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency as a Preferred Resource: Evidence from Utility Resource Energy Efficiency as a Preferred Resource: Evidence from Utility Resource Plans in the Western United States and Canada Title Energy Efficiency as a Preferred Resource: Evidence from Utility Resource Plans in the Western United States and Canada Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Unknown Year of Publication 2008 Authors Hopper, Nicole C., Galen L. Barbose, Charles A. Goldman, and Jeff Schlegel Journal Energy Efficiency Journal Volume Volume 2, Number 1 Pagination 24 Date Published 09/2008 Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract This article examines the future role of energy efficiency as a resource in the Western US and Canada, as envisioned in the most recent resource plans issued by 16 utilities, representing about 60% of the region's load. Utility and third-party-administered energy-efficiency programs proposed by 15 utilities over a 10-year horizon would save almost 19,000 GWh annually, about 5.2% of forecast load. There are clear regional trends in the aggressiveness of proposed energy savings. California's investor-owned utilities (IOUs) had the most aggressive savings targets, followed by IOUs in the Pacific Northwest, and the lowest savings were proposed by utilities in Inland West states and by two public utilities on the West Coast. The adoption of multiple, aggressive policies targeting energy efficiency and climate change appears to produce sizeable energy-efficiency commitments. Certain specific policies, such as mandated energy savings goals for California's IOUs and energy-efficiency provisions in Nevada's Renewable Portfolio Standard, had a direct impact on the level of energy savings included in the resource plans. Other policies, such as revenue decoupling and shareholder incentives and voluntary or legislatively mandated greenhouse gas emission reduction policies, may have also impacted utilities' energy-efficiency commitments, though the effects of these policies are not easily measured. Despite progress among the utilities in our sample, more aggressive energy-efficiency strategies that include high-efficiency standards for additional appliances and equipment, tighter building codes for new construction and renovation, as well as more comprehensive ratepayer-funded energy-efficiency programs are likely to be necessary to achieve a region-wide goal of meeting 20% of electricity demand with efficiency in 2020.

151

Analyzing the Sensitivity of Hydrogen Vehicle Sales to Consumers' Preferences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The success of hydrogen vehicles will depend on consumer behavior as well as technology, energy prices and public policy. This study examines the sensitivity of the future market shares of hydrogen-powered vehicles to alternative assumptions about consumers preferences. The Market Acceptance of Advanced Automotive Technologies model was used to project future market shares. The model has 1,458 market segments, differentiated by travel behavior, geography, and tolerance to risk, among other factors, and it estimates market shares for twenty advanced power-train technologies. The market potential of hydrogen vehicles is most sensitive to the improvement of drive train technology, especially cost reduction. The long-run market success of hydrogen vehicles is less sensitive to the price elasticity of vehicle choice, how consumers evaluate future fuel costs, the importance of fuel availability and limited driving range. The importance of these factors will likely be greater in the early years following initial commercialization of hydrogen vehicles.

Greene, David L [ORNL] [ORNL; Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL] [ORNL; Dong, Jing [Iowa State University] [Iowa State University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Consumers' preference for renewable energy in the southwest USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The southwestern part of the US has abundant supply of renewable energy resources but little is known about the consumers' preferences for renewable energy in this region. This paper investigates households' willingness to pay for a renewable energy program in a southwestern state, New Mexico (NM). Using the contingent valuation method, we provide different scenarios that include provision of 10% and 20% of renewable energy supply, to elicit households' willingness to pay (WTP) for the renewable energy. We estimate the WTP for specific shares of renewable energy in the total energy mix as it is a key factor in affecting the price of the energy portfolio in the market. The survey design also allows us to check the scope sensitivity of renewable energy which can help guide the future renewable energy policy. We hope results from this study will offer useful insights to energy regulators and utility companies and help them increase the share of renewable energy supply.

Pallab Mozumder; William F. Vsquez; Achla Marathe

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Policy Flash 2013-28 Implementation of Indian Energy Preference Provision  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8 Implementation of Indian Energy Preference 8 Implementation of Indian Energy Preference Provision in EP Act 2005 and Acquisition Letter 2013-02 Policy Flash 2013-28 Implementation of Indian Energy Preference Provision in EP Act 2005 and Acquisition Letter 2013-02 Attached is Policy Flash 2013-28 Implementation of Indian Energy Preference Provision in EP Act 2005 and Acquisition Letter 2013-02 Questions concerning this policy flash should be directed to Jason Taylor of the Contract and Financial Assistance Policy Division, Office of Policy, Office of Acquisition and Project Management at (202) 287-1945 or at jason.taylor@hq.doe.gov. Policy Flash for Indian Energy Preference (2).pdf AL 02 01 13 (2).pdf Attch_Secretarial Decision Memo_ Indian Energy Preference.pdf Attch_Secretarial Policy Memo.pdf More Documents & Publications

154

Impact of Gender on Patient Preferences for Technology-Based Behavioral Interventions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

patientst preferences for technology-based behavioralemergency department technology-based behavioral healthNoell J, Glasgow RE. Interactive technology applications for

Kim, David J.; Choo, Esther K.; Ranney, Megan L.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Animated agents in K-12 engineering outreach: Preferred agent characteristics across age levels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

agent characteristics were assessed using survey methodology: agent gender, age, real- ism, clothing; Perez & Solomon, 2005; Wang et al., 2008). The current study investigates learner preferences

Reisslein, Martin

156

Preference of Dalmatian Dogs for Particular Positions in Coach Running, and Inheritance of this Character  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Preference of Dalmatian Dogs for Particular Positions in Coach Running, and Inheritance of this CharacterHARRY C.TRIMBLEH. C.

HARRY C. TRIMBLE; CLYDE E. KEELEK

1939-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

157

E-Print Network 3.0 - assortative female preference Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: for the following reasons. First, captive mate choice trials have demonstra- ted female preference for more brightly... and female goldfinches mate assortatively with...

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - amino acid preferences Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the amino acid side chains contribute to the structural preferences in protein folding," J. Biomol. Struct... ? Proteins are composed of fundamental ... Source:...

159

E-Print Network 3.0 - affect oviposition preference Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

c-album Correspondence... it is clear that plant availability does affect host and patch preference on larger spatial scales (Thomas... ' willingness to oviposit on a plant...

160

E-Print Network 3.0 - assortative mating preferences Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in a population. As the strength of assortative mating preference... to the genetic architecture It is ... Source: Schluter, Dolph - Department of Zoology, University of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

EIS-0287: Notice of Extension for Time for Comments | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Extension for Time for Comments Extension for Time for Comments EIS-0287: Notice of Extension for Time for Comments Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology In response to a public request, the Department of Energy (DOE) announces an extension of time to submit comments on the preferred technology announced August 3, 2005 in the Federal Register Notice of Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology (70 FR 44598) to September 21, 2005. DOE/EIS-0287, Extension for Time for Comments, Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management, Notice of Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology, 70 FR 49264 (August 2005) More Documents & Publications EIS-0287: Notice of Preferred Sodium Bearing Waste Treatment Technology Lessons Learned Quarterly Report, September 2005

162

Seismic refraction survey of the ANS preferred site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Between September 19, 1991 and October 8, 1991 personnel from Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems), Automated Sciences Group, Inc., and Marrich, Inc. performed a seismic refraction survey at the Advanced Neutron Source (ANS) preferred site. The purpose of this survey was to provide estimates of top-of-rock topography, based on seismic velocities, and to delineate variations in rock and soil velocities. Forty-four seismic refraction spreads were shot to determine top-of-rock depths at 42 locations. Nine of the seismic spreads were shot with long offsets to provide 216 top-of-rock depths for 4 seismic refraction profiles. The refraction spread locations were based on the grid for the ANS Phase I drilling program. Interpretation of the seismic refraction data supports the assumption that the top-of-rock surface generally follows the local topography. The shallow top-of-rock interface interpreted from the seismic refraction data is also supported by limited drill information at the site. Some zones of anomalous data are present that could be the result of locally variable weathering, a localized variation in shale content, or depth to top-of-rock greater than the site norm.

Davis, R.K. (Automated Sciences Group, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)); Hopkins, R.A. (Marrich, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)); Doll, W.E. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Northwest home buyers' fuel and energy-efficiency preferences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study for the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) investigated home buyers' heating fuel and energy-efficiency preferences, and the influence of incentives on their choices. The study was conducted in four regions of Washington State: Spokane and Pierce Counties, where the Model Conservation Standards (MCS) for new electrically heated homes have been adopted as local code, and King and Clark Counties, where the MCS has been implemented only through a voluntary marketing program. The results of this study provide useful information about energy-efficiency, space heating fuel type, and alternative incentive programs. They provide initial evidence that fuel-specific energy-efficiency standards may significantly affect the shares of different heating fuels in the new home market. They also suggest that cash rebates and utility rate incentives may have a modest effect on the shares for different heating fuels. Because these results are based on a technique relying on hypothetical choices and because they reflect only four metropolitan areas, further study must be conducted to determine whether the results apply to other locations and whether other analytic approaches produce similar findings. 3 refs.

Lee, A.D.; Harkreader, S.A.; Bruneau, C.L.; Volke, S.M.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

The Auk 117(3):709717, 2000 SEASONAL FRUIT PREFERENCES FOR LIPIDS AND SUGARS BY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

709 The Auk 117(3):709­717, 2000 SEASONAL FRUIT PREFERENCES FOR LIPIDS AND SUGARS BY AMERICAN AND TIMOTHY WORK4 Department of Biology, Hope College, Holland, Michigan 49423, USA ABSTRACT.--Fruit preference by birds is a complex process based upon the morphology and spatial arrangement of fruits

Radeloff, Volker C.

165

Anomalous Flyby in the Non-Prefered Reference Frame of the Rotating Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several spacecrafts show an anomalous flyby. In a previous paper a non-prefered reference frame is studied moving uniformly relative to the prefered one. In this article the Doppler frequency residual is derived. The prefered reference frame is given by the isotropy of the CMB and the non-prefered one is the Earth. The resulting jump is much too small to explain the measured anomalous flybys of the different spacecrafts. Therefore, the transformations from the prefered frame to the non-prefered frame are replaced by the corresponding total differentials. A formula for the Doppler frequency residual is derived. It is applied to the prefered frame of the Earth and the non-prefered frame of the rotating Earth. The resulting Doppler residual depends on the direction of the velocity of the spacecraft and the position of the observer on the rotating Earth. It is similar to the experimental formula of Anderson et al. which is independent of the position of the observer.

Walter Petry

2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

166

HOME ENERGY PREFERENCES & POLICY: APPLYING STATED CHOICE MODELING TO A HYBRID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for home renovations and heating systems. Using stated preference data from over 600 completed surveys, I or benefits for heating system and renovation choices in the residential sector. Overall, respondents prefer furnaces, 6% for electric baseboards, 28% for heat pumps and 10% for mid efficiency oil furnaces

167

Ultrasonic vocalizations and social learning of food preferences by female Norway rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultrasonic vocalizations and social learning of food preferences by female Norway rats BENNETT G the pair members were separated. However, the influence of demonstrator rats on food choices social learning of food preferences in Norway rats. ? 2004 The Association for the Study of Animal

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

168

Appetite, 1989, 13, 81-92 Enduring Social Enhancement of Rats' Preferences for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with rats have demonstrated substantial short-term social enhancement of preferences for foods (Galef, 1986 a choice between two approximately equipalatable foods (diets A and B), "observer" rats that had eachAppetite, 1989, 13, 81-92 Enduring Social Enhancement of Rats' Preferences for the Palatable

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

169

Directional female preference for an exaggerated male trait in canary (Serinusanaria) song  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...display (CSD) was used as an index of female preference. As predicted...Searcy 1992) was used as an index of females' preferences...cages 38 days after clutch completion and a second reproductive cycle...syllable rate are a reliable index of males' quality. Furthermore...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Orexin-1 receptor antagonism decreases ethanol consumption and preference selectively in high-ethanolepreferring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Orexin-1 receptor antagonism decreases ethanol consumption and preference selectively in high for morphine, cocaine, and food. Other groups have demonstrated a connection between the ORX system and ethanol between ethanol preference and the ORX system. In Experiment 1, rats were trained to drink 10% ethanol

Aston-Jones, Gary

171

VALUING PUBLIC PREFERENCES FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER: A CHOICE EXPERIMENT APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VALUING PUBLIC PREFERENCES FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER: A CHOICE EXPERIMENT APPROACH by Andrew D. Krueger All Rights Reserved #12;ii VALUING PUBLIC PREFERENCES FOR OFFSHORE WIND POWER: A CHOICE EXPERIMENT thank you for your perspective on offshore renewable energy regulation. As committee members, your

Firestone, Jeremy

172

Trails, lanes, or traffic: Valuing bicycle facilities with an adaptive stated preference survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trails, lanes, or traffic: Valuing bicycle facilities with an adaptive stated preference survey with side parking to an off-road bicycle trail, with smaller changes associated with less dramatic improvements. ? 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Bicycling; Stated preference; Adaptive stated

Levinson, David M.

173

GENERATION Y PREFERENCES FOR EMPLOYER BRAND BENEFITS Chlo Guillot Soulez -chloe.guillot-soulez@uha.fr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENERATION Y PREFERENCES FOR EMPLOYER BRAND BENEFITS Chloé Guillot Soulez - chloe Manuscrit auteur, publié dans " " #12;Generation Y preferences for employer brand benefits ABSTRACT This paper studies the preoccupations of young graduates from Generation Y transitioning from education

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

174

DOE Announces Preference for Disposal of Hanford Transuranic Tank Waste at  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Announces Preference for Disposal of Hanford Transuranic Tank Announces Preference for Disposal of Hanford Transuranic Tank Waste at WIPP DOE Announces Preference for Disposal of Hanford Transuranic Tank Waste at WIPP March 6, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Today the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced its preferred alternative to retrieve, treat, package, characterize and certify certain Hanford tank waste for disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in Carlsbad, New Mexico, if such waste is properly classified in the future as defense-related mixed transuranic tank waste (mixed TRU waste). This preferred alternative, which may cover up to approximately 3.1 million gallons of tank waste contained in up to 20 tanks, will provide DOE with an option to deal with recent information about possible tank leaks and to

175

Congressional Preferences and the Advancement of American Nuclear Waste Policy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The problem of nuclear waste disposal has existed since the time of the Manhattan Project in World War II. Although there exist a number of (more)

Ternate, Rhoel Gonzales

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

http://tas.sagepub.com Time & Society  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rosters on Employee Work and Non-Work http://tas.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/12/2-3/315 The online and Non-work Time Preferences Angela Baker, Gregory Roach, Sally Ferguson and Drew Dawson ABSTRACT 24, 2010http://tas.sagepub.comDownloaded from #12;The Impact of Different Rosters on Employee Work

177

B: preferred for 5 credits January 12, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ( RV 2 R2+h2 )2 R2 + h2 =: Amax. In order to have a feasible Amax > 0, the value of A should for the accelera- tion/deceleration interval time Ts = Vmax Amax = V A2 - ( RV 2 R2+h2 )2 . In order to have s at time t = T is then smax := s(T) = (T - Ts)Vmax = TVmax - V 2 max Amax = TV R2 + h2 - V 2 (R2 + h2)A2

De Luca, Alessandro

178

Student Profile I. Pick four of the listed projects you would prefer to work on and number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Student Profile Name: SN I. Pick four of the listed projects you would prefer to work on and number them from 1 to 4, with number 1 as the most preferred and 4 the least preferred project among the four worked with Matlab, or Maple or Mathematica before. 2 #12;

Wang, Quidong

179

The effects of forced nest-site feeding on the food preferences of wild rat pups at weaning*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of forced nest-site feeding on the food preferences of wild rat pups at weaning preferences of wild rat pups during weaning. The results indicated that although food preferences during reported below examined the role of the ingestion of food samples at the nest site on the feeding

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

180

Public Preferences Related to Consent-Based Siting of Radioactive Waste  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Public Preferences Related to Consent-Based Siting of Radioactive Public Preferences Related to Consent-Based Siting of Radioactive Waste Management Facilities for Storage and Disposal Public Preferences Related to Consent-Based Siting of Radioactive Waste Management Facilities for Storage and Disposal This report provides findings from a set of social science studies undertaken by the Center for Risk and Crisis Management (CRCM) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), which focus on public attitudes and preferences concerning the siting of nuclear repositories and interim storage facilities. Overall these studies are intended to be responsive to the recommendation of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future (BRC) that US Department of Energy (DOE) learn as much as possible from prior experience. As stated by the BRC (BRC 2012: 118): "To ensure

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The 'Potato Head' method for identifying driver preferences for vehicle controls  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a method for identifying customer preferences for product features (here, vehicle controls) and how to implement the method. In brief, people sit in a vehicle mockup surrounded by panels of switches. For each function of interest (e.g., headlights on/off, hazard, etc.). They select the switch they prefer and attach it to the instrument panel (covered with Velcro) or the steering column where they want it. (This is much like the Mr Potato Head toy where children construct a face from parts - eyes, noses, etc.). To identify poor choices, test participants then drive a simulator while operating the chosen switches. Afterwards, participants can change their preferences, which they often do. While applied to controls here, it could be used to determine preferences for displays or other features.

P. Green; G . Paelke; J . Boreczky

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Influence of livestock grazing on the capybaras trophic niche and forage preferences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Trophic niche parameters and forage preferences of capybaraHydrochaeris hydrochaeris Linnaeus, 1766 were studied at three areas of east-central Argentina: Lower Delta Islands (LDI), only capybara present; Puerto ...

Rubn Daro Quintana

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Reducing the pareto set on the basis of interrelated information patterns with fuzzy preference relation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A multi-objective choice problem with fuzzy preference relationship of a decision maker is considered. We show how to build a more precise estimate for an unknown set of solutions under selection than that giv...

O. N. Klimova

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Pharmacological action of phenazepam and caffeine on emotional sphere changes ethanol preference in Wistar male rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Earlier we showed that direction of changes in the initial anxiety level during compulsory alcoholization was more essential for development of alcohol preference than the initial anxiety level per se.... The goa...

K. O. Kulagina; A. Yu. Egorov

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

White-tailed Deer Browse Preferences for South Texas and the Edwards Plateau  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deer prefer forbs, but these plants are not always available. Browse plants actually make up the major part of deer diets, and the specific browse plants deer eat depends on plant palatibility and availability. This publication explains deer...

Wright, Byron D.; Lyons, Robert K.; Cooper, Susan; Cathey, James

2003-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

186

The Relationship Between Leadership Level and Preference for Administrative Interview Questions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to determine whether administrators at differing levels (elementary, secondary and central office) had a preference for interview questions and composite scales designed to identify effective ...

Tulipana, Teresa Marie

2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

187

Considerations of driver preferences and performance for selection of electronic automobile instrumentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSIDERATIONS OF DRIVER PREFERENCES AND PERFORMANCE FOR SELECTION OF ELECTRONIC AUTOMOBILE INSTRUMENTATION A Thesis by RAYMOND SCOTT HARWOOD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering CONSIDERATIONS OF DRIVER PREFERENCES AND PERFORMANCE FOR SELECTION OF ELECTRONIC AUTOMOBILE INSTRUMENTATION A Thesis by RAYMOND SCOTT HARWOOD Approved as to style...

Harwood, Raymond Scott

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Preferred orientation of calcite in deep-sea carbonates and its relationship to acoustic anisotropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PREFERRED ORIENTATION OF CALCITE IN DEEP-SEA CARBONATES AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO ACOUSTIC ANISOTROPY A Thesis by CARL HOWARD SCHAFTENAAR Submitted to the Graduate college of Texas A&M University in partial fulf llment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1982 Major Subject: Geophysics PREFERRED ORIENTATION OF CALCITE IN DEEP-SEA CARBONATES AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO ACOUSTIC ANISOTROPY A Thesis by CARL HONARD SCHAFTENAAR Approved as to style and content by: c...

Schaftenaar, Carl Howard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

189

Fluctuating asymmetry and preferences for sex-typical bodily characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...heads were removed from the images, and bodies were colored gray and rendered into 360 video using 3ds Max software (Autodesk Media and Entertainment). Bodies were projected onto a 2-m screen, one at a time in random order, for viewing by 87 evaluators...

William M. Brown; Michael E. Price; Jinsheng Kang; Nicholas Pound; Yue Zhao; Hui Yu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Assessment of students learning styles preferences in the faculty of science, Tishreen University, Syria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stating the way in which a learner begins to concentrate on, processes, absorbs, and retains new and difficult educational situation or problem is expected to assist the learner in the development of effective study strategies. Knowing students learning preferences will help lecturers to better design learning materials and teaching styles. The research aims to find out the learning preferences of students in the faculty of science in Tishreen University, the differences in learning styles or preferences between male and female students and between departments in the science faculty. Ninety-seven first year and second year students from four departments participated in the survey. Non-parametric procedures were used to test the research questions. In the evaluation of the differences of learning styles or preferences among departments, the Kruskal-Wallis test, was used as a non-parametric method. This effectively tested the hypothesis of equal distributions of three or more independent samples. Results show that the students prefer different learning styles: Visual/Verbal, Audio/Verbal, Visual/Non Verbal and Tactile/ Kinesthetic. A finding of significant difference indicated that the two samples of females and males differed on the variable of interest. There are very few significant differences among departments. The paper discusses the findings and the implications to designing of instruction in higher education. It will conclude with recommendations to lecturers to accommodate their teaching styles so that it is compatible with their students learning styles and preferences.

Abdullatif Ismail; Raja Maznah Raja Hussain; Shahrir Jamaluddin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The relationship between policy choice and the size of the policy region: Why small jurisdictions may prefer renewable energy policies to reduce CO2 emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

may prefer renewable energy policies to reduce CO2 emissionsmay prefer renewable energy policies to reduce CO 2www.dsireusa.org Renewable Energy Policy Network, http://

Accordino, Megan H.; Rajagopal, Deepak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Substitution patterns across alternatives as a source of preference heterogeneity in recreation demand models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recent stated choice studies have shown that, in a context of inter-alternative correlation, individuals can assess alternatives differently. This asymmetry in perception between alternatives with different levels of substitutability becomes one additional, but usually overlooked, source of observed preference heterogeneity. In the context of beach recreation in Mallorca, Spain, this paper extends the investigation on this source of heterogeneity to a revealed preference setting. While the substitution pattern existent across sites is accounted for by means of a nested logit model, nest-specific coefficients are estimated to evaluate the utilities associated with different groups of sites. The results provide empirical evidence to suggest that substitution patterns across alternatives are a statistically significant source of influence on preference heterogeneity leading to different marginal sensitivities for a number of site attributes.

Angel Bujosa Bestard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Consumer preferences for wireless internet access networks and their affecting factors: a conjoint analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares service characteristics and analyses consumer preferences between the two current wireless internet access alternatives: 3G cellular networks and public wireless Local Area Network (LAN). A conjoint analysis was employed to find significant service attributes behind consumers' preferences. Major findings of this study are twofold. First, there was a significant difference in consumer preferences among four wireless internet service categories consisting of three wireless LAN services and one 3G service. Secondly, consumers considered price and network speed more important than service coverage, which implies wireless LAN has an advantage over 3G as far as wireless internet access is concerned. These results are expected to be of help to both government policy makers and telecommunications service providers in designing and implementing industrial promotion and competition policies in the wireless industry. Furthermore, they can also shed light on the decision-making regarding the commercial introduction of the mobile broadband wireless services in the near future.

Changi Nam; Kiyong Om; Jungmann Lee; Jeongyoung Kim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Reduction of the effect of preferred orientation in x-ray crystal powder samples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'kS ~ f}. FIGURE 3. BRAGG SCATTERING Yf Chs crystallites ars randomly oriented throughout the powdsx, the pattern zepresents a superposition of the individual patterns which would be obtained if a single crystal were irradiated in every possible... mesh screen, preferred orientation ean be x educed. 3 Particles small enough Co pass thxough Chs screen will of'ten have relatively unif'orm dimensions, but this method does not always eliminate preferred ox ientation, McCx eery9 and Hildsbz and7...

Nydegger, Raymond Russell

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

195

Approaches for identifying consumer preferences for the design of technology products : a case study of residential solar panels .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis investigates ways to obtain consumer preferences for technology products to help designers identify the key attributes that contribute to a product's market success. (more)

Chen, Heidi Qianyi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Naphtha Process Wool Scouring Preferred by America's Largest Wool Grease Producer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Naphtha Process Wool Scouring Preferred by America's Largest Wool Grease Producer ... Though the bulk of the nation's wool processors still scour wool by the traditional "soap and water" emulsion process, William Whitman Co., Inc., Arlington Division has been using the Naphtha Process with outstanding success for more than half a century. ...

1949-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

197

Correlated preferences for facial masculinity and ideal or actual partner's masculinity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of past health problems (assessed from medical records; Rhodes et al. 2003a ). While...women may be better placed to offset the costs associated with preferring a masculine...taken in the same room under the same lighting. (b) Stimulus calibration Seventy-six...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Instructions for Web Browsers Make sure you have the latest version of your preferred web browser.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instructions for Web Browsers Make sure you have the latest version of your preferred web browser Alternatively you can right click the web links and choose save target as to save the PDF form. Once downloaded for reference Alternatively you can right click the web link and choose save Link as to save the PDF file. Once

Millar, Andrew J.

199

Exploring user preferences for indoor navigation support through a combination of mobile and fixed displays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we explore, through a formative study, user preferences for indoor navigation support using a combination of mobile and fixed displays along with a range of navigation content such as digital 2D maps, 3D route visualizations (presented ... Keywords: 3D visualization, digital displays, digital maps, graphical directional signage, indoor navigation, mobile phones

Faisal Taher; Keith Cheverst

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Cautious Risk-Takers: Investor Preferences and Demand for Active Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cautious Risk-Takers: Investor Preferences and Demand for Active Management Valery Polkovnichenko and Demand for Active Management Abstract Actively managed mutual funds have distinct return distributions from the equally important side of investor demand. We take funds returns as given and use them

O'Toole, Alice J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Birds prefer to breed in sites with low radioactivity in Chernobyl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Birds prefer to breed in sites with low radioactivity in Chernobyl A. P. Møller1,* and T. A. 1988). Likewise, a recent report on the biological consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl predicted after the accident (Chernobyl Forum 2005). However, the main conclusion remaining after 20 years

Mousseau, Timothy A.

202

Preferences for environmental issues among environmentally-concerned citizens in six countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The aggregated preferences in all groups showed emphasis on pollution issues (rank I out of six issues in all six countries). The groups were least concerned with animal rights, which here included the right for top predators like tigers and wolf to roam...

Seip, K. L.; Cobelas, M. A.; Doledec, S.; Fang, Jinghua; Smith, Val H.; Vorontsova, O. S.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Pharmaceuticals in wastewater: Behavior, preferences, and willingness to pay for a disposal program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pharmaceuticals in wastewater: Behavior, preferences, and willingness to pay for a disposal program Contingent valuation Willingness to pay Wastewater a b s t r a c t The presence of pharmaceutical compounds in treated wastewater and in surface waters is a growing environmental concern. This paper provides

Kotchen, Matthew J.

204

DRD2 Gene Transfer Into the Nucleus Accumbens Core of the Alcohol Preferring and Nonpreferring Rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DRD2 Gene Transfer Into the Nucleus Accumbens Core of the Alcohol Preferring and Nonpreferring Rats in alcohol intake in Sprague Dawley rats. This overexpression of DRD2 reduced alcohol consumption in a two) and -nonpreferring (NP) rats. In addition, micro­positron emission tomography imaging was used at the completion

Homes, Christopher C.

205

that rats learn from conspecifics which foods are preferable by expe-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that rats learn from conspecifics which foods are preferable by expe- riencing the pairing of a distinctive (not necessarily novel) food odor with an odorous constituent of rat's breath (carbon disulfide used in humans, at least one of the elements of the as- sociation (the carbon disulfide in rats' breath

Gluck, Mark

206

Social Transmission of Food Preferences: An Adaptation for Weaning in Rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Social Transmission of Food Preferences: An Adaptation for Weaning in Rats Bennett G. Galef, Jr. Mc (Galef, 1976, 1977; Galef & Clark, 1971), Young rats seeking their first meals of solid food of adult conspecifics in locating solid foods. Thus, consideration of the problems faced by weanling rats

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

207

Using sheep preference, near infrared reflectance and laboratory tests for predicting voluntary intake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using sheep preference, near infrared reflectance and laboratory tests for predicting voluntary for grinding ; N, NDF, ADF ; in vitro DMD ; and 4 promising second derivatives of the near infrared spectrum in VDMI, gas production methods lose their predictive ability in favour of in sacco methods. Near Infrared

Boyer, Edmond

208

Pattern discrimination in a hawkmoth: innate preferences, learning performance and ecology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...stimulus. By contrast, experience does not override the innate preferences...fav- our of a pattern that does not serve this purpose. Further...2002 Eyes and vision. In Handbook of zoology, vol. IV (ed...Spatial vision in arthropods. In Handbook of sensory physiology, vol...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Color combination and exposure time on legibility and EEG response of icon presented on visual display terminal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study explored the effect of target/background color combination and exposure time on legibility of and EEG response to icons presented on a visual display terminal (VDT). The results showed that color combinations with high preference had better legibility than those with low preference. Peak latency of P100 at visual-cortex area (O1, O2, OZ) showed significantly faster response time with high preference color combinations than with low preference. Mean amplitudes of P300 were significantly greater for short exposure time, i.e., the subjects had greater attention load with short exposure time. In summary, both icon color combination and exposure time had significant effects on the accuracy of icon legibility, and the result was confirmed in EEG analysis.

Yun-Ying Yeh; Der-Song Lee; Ya-Hsien Ko

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Artificial ovitrap preferences and biting activity of Culex salinarius (Diptera: Culicidae) on the upper Texas Gulf coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

preferences with respect to this species. Because adult female Cx. salinarius appear to prefer to oviposit in ovitraps baited with a plant infusion, a study was conducted to determine which of 5 commonly occurring marsh plant species in the Gulf Coast region...

Hoel, David Franklin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

211

Single wall carbon nanotube fibers extruded from super-acid suspensions: Preferred orientation, electrical, and thermal transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single wall carbon nanotube fibers extruded from super-acid suspensions: Preferred orientation September 2003 Fibers of single wall carbon nanotubes extruded from super-acid suspensions exhibit preferred orientation along their axes. We characterize the alignment by x-ray fiber diagrams and polarized Raman

Natelson, Douglas

212

Effects of environmental stability and demonstrator age on social learning of food preferences by young Norway rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

online 25 August 2004; MS. number: A9636) We used socially learned food preferences of Norway rats. However, food choices of rats that were moved daily from one cage to another and fed at unpredictable learning of food preferences by Norway rats, Rattus norvegicus, a species that has served for several

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

213

Lack of Interference in Long-Term Memory for Socially Learned Food Preferences in Rats (Rattus norvegicus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lack of Interference in Long-Term Memory for Socially Learned Food Preferences in Rats (Rattus had no measurable effect on rats' socially learned food preferences. The stability of socially-identifying cues that either come from particles of recently eaten food clinging to the fur of a rat or escape from

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

214

Spaceflight Now + Premium video content for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to provide a status report on efforts to understand and fix the external tank foam insulation problems

Arizona, University of

215

DOE Challenge Home Case Study, Preferred Builders, Old Greenwhich, CT, Custom  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Preferred Preferred Builders, Inc. Old Greenwich, CT BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE DOE Challenge Home builders are in the top 1% of builders in the country meeting the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed by the U.S. Department of Energy. Every DOE Challenge Home starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Then, even more advanced technologies are designed in for a home that goes above and beyond current code to give you the superior quality construction, HVAC, appliances, indoor air quality, safety, durability, comfort, and solar-ready components along with ultra-low or no utility bills. This provides homeowners with a quality home that will last for generations to come.

216

Value seeking, price sensitive, or green? Analyzing preference heterogeneity among residential energy consumers in Denmark  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study examines the heterogeneous consumer preference for electricity products in the residential electricity retailing market. Based on consumers trade-off decision making, we identified three distinct consumer segments: the value seeking consumers (53%), the price sensitive consumers (25%), and the green consumers (22%). We concluded that consumers are willing to pay extra for the increasing share of renewable energy. Consumer socio-demographic characteristics had also influence on their choices for electricity products. The findings of this study can help explain how different consumer segment can be affected by the change of electricity product attributes. Thus, it provides insightful knowledge on how to differentiate electricity products so as to satisfy specific consumer segments needs. Finally, the findings of this study have implications for energy policy makers (regulators) on consumers preference for electricity products assuming that consumers should make a choice among various products.

Yingkui Yang; Hans Stubbe Solgaard; Wolfgang Haider

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Automated solar collector installation design including ability to define heterogeneous design preferences  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments may include systems and methods to create and edit a representation of a worksite, to create various data objects, to classify such objects as various types of pre -defined "features" with attendant properties and layout constraints. As part of or in addition to classification, an embodiment may include systems and methods to create, associate, and edit intrinsic and extrinsic properties to these objects. A design engine may apply of design rules to the features described above to generate one or more solar collectors installation design alternatives, including generation of on-screen and/or paper representations of the physical layout or arrangement of the one or more design alternatives. Embodiments may also include definition of one or more design apertures, each of which may correspond to boundaries in which solar collector layouts should comply with distinct sets of user-defined design preferences. Distinct apertures may provide heterogeneous regions of collector layout according to the user-defined design preferences.

Wayne, Gary; Frumkin, Alexander; Zaydman, Michael; Lehman, Scott; Brenner, Jules

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

218

Automated solar collector installation design including ability to define heterogeneous design preferences  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments may include systems and methods to create and edit a representation of a worksite, to create various data objects, to classify such objects as various types of pre-defined "features" with attendant properties and layout constraints. As part of or in addition to classification, an embodiment may include systems and methods to create, associate, and edit intrinsic and extrinsic properties to these objects. A design engine may apply of design rules to the features described above to generate one or more solar collectors installation design alternatives, including generation of on-screen and/or paper representations of the physical layout or arrangement of the one or more design alternatives. Embodiments may also include definition of one or more design apertures, each of which may correspond to boundaries in which solar collector layouts should comply with distinct sets of user-defined design preferences. Distinct apertures may provide heterogeneous regions of collector layout according to the user-defined design preferences.

Wayne, Gary; Frumkin, Alexander; Zaydman, Michael; Lehman, Scott; Brenner, Jules

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

219

Pairing preferences of the model mono-valence mono-atomic ions investigated by molecular simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We carried out a series of potential of mean force calculations to study the pairing preferences of a series of model mono-atomic 1:1 ions with evenly varied sizes. The probabilities of forming the contact ion pair (CIP) and the single water separate ion pair (SIP) were presented in the two-dimensional plots with respect to the ion sizes. The pairing preferences reflected in these plots largely agree with the empirical rule of matching ion sizes in the small and big size regions. In the region that the ion sizes are close to the size of the water molecule; however, a significant deviation from this conventional rule is observed. Our further analysis indicated that this deviation originates from the competition between CIP and the water bridging SIP state. The competition is mainly an enthalpy modulated phenomenon in which the existing of the water bridging plays a significant role.

Zhang, Qiang [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning (China) [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning (China); Department of Chemistry, Bohai University, Jinzhou 121000 (China); Zhang, Ruiting; Zhao, Ying; Li, HuanHuan; Zhuang, Wei, E-mail: wzhuang@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: gaoyq@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning (China); Gao, Yi Qin, E-mail: wzhuang@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: gaoyq@pku.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

220

Indices of biotic integrity in stated preference valuation of aquatic ecosystem services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stated preference surveys often give minimal attention to distinctions between intermediate and final ecosystem services, leading to the potential for welfare estimates that overlook, misrepresent or double count associated values. This paper illustrates potential mechanisms through which multimetric indexes of the type developed in the ecological literature, here an index of biotic integrity, can be used within stated preference survey scenarios to both improve the validity of survey responses and provide otherwise unavailable information on willingness to pay for intermediate and final ecosystem services. We illustrate the approach using a choice experiment application to the restoration of migratory fish in a Rhode Island watershed. Where assumptions of the model hold, results can allow transparent disentanglement and estimation of marginal values for both intermediate and final ecosystem services.

Robert J. Johnston; Kathleen Segerson; Eric T. Schultz; Elena Y. Besedin; Mahesh Ramachandran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Public attitudes towards renewable energy technologies in Norway. The role of party preferences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Transition to a sustainable society requires large-scale conversion of the energy system to new, renewable, non-fossil sources of energy. This presupposes public support for new technologies, which means the public must deal with challenges in terms of placement, area requirements, ecological degradation and price developments. This paper discusses how citizens view renewable energy technologies. It analyses responses to representative surveys of the Norwegian population on the desirability of various energy technologies such as hydroelectric dams, onshore and offshore wind energy, bioenergy plants and, for contrast, gas plants with and without carbon capture and storage. Our main focus is on the influence of party political preference on views of renewable energy. We find that the sometimes lukewarm enthusiasm for renewable energy technologies cannot be fully explained by existing theories and that political party preference has a larger impact on energy technology attitudes than previously believed.

Henrik Karlstrm; Marianne Ryghaug

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

The host preference of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens (Fabricius), to cotton and tobacco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tobacco budworm moths in the area during all of June and practically all oviposition took place on tobacco. Thus, during this period tobacco apparently was serving as a very effective trap crop for small numbers of budworms. Table 11. Seasonal...THE HOST PREFERENCE OF THE TOBACCO BUDWORM, HELIOTHIS VIRESCENS (FABRICIUS), TO COTTON AND TOBACCO A Thesis by GARY WRIGHT KENNEDY Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Kennedy, Gary Wright

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Refeeding after acute food restriction: Differential reduction in preference for ethanol and ethanol-paired flavors in selectively bred rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Rats' voluntary ethanol intake varies with dispositional factors and energy status. The joint influences of these were of interest here. We previously reported that rats selectively bred for high voluntary saccharin intake (HiS) consume more ethanol and express more robust conditioning of preference for flavors paired with voluntarily consumed ethanol than do low-saccharin consuming counterparts (LoS). Three new experiments examined the effect of refeeding after an episode of food restriction on ethanol intake and on preference for ethanol-paired flavors in HiS and LoS rats. A 48-h episode of food restriction with wheel running reduced intake of and preference for 4% ethanol (Exp. 1a) and preference for an ethanol-paired flavor (Exp. 1b) during refeeding. Food restriction alone was sufficient to reduce the flavor preference (Exp. 2). Adding fat to the refeeding diet or extending the food restriction period exacerbated the effect (Exp. 3), yielding a frank aversion to ethanol-paired flavors in LoS rats. These studies indicate that rebound from negative energy balance shifts responses to ethanol-associated cues from preference toward aversion. Analyses of bodyweight changes and caloric intake during refeeding support this conclusion and further suggest that lower metabolic efficiency may be a marker for enhanced preference mutability.

Nancy K. Dess; Clinton D. Chapman; Laura A. Cousins; Derek C. Monroe; Phuong Nguyen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Ethanol induces stronger dopamine release in nucleus accumbens (shell) of alcohol-preferring (bibulous) than in alcohol-avoiding (abstainer) rats .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Several studies on the differences between ethanol-preferring versus non-preferring rat lines suggest an innate deficit in the mesolimbic dopaminergic system as an underlying factor for (more)

Bustamante, Diego

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

STD. 832 (REV. 1/2005) (FRONT) STATE OF CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL SERVICES LOCAL AGENCY MILITARY BASE RECOVERY AREA ACT DISPUTE RESOLUTION AND PREFERENCE PROGRAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

eligible workforce employees (Section II). To identify LAMBRA worksites contact the city or county Planning% TO 4% WORKFORCE PREFERENCE Bidders must qualify their firm's worksite eligibility to request an additional 1% to 4% workforce preference in Section II. I request a 1% preference for hiring eligible persons

226

Digestion time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Digestion time Digestion time Name: Don Mancosh Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I have always given the rule of thumb in class that material we eat is with us for about 24 hours before exiting the body. The question arises about the time value of liquids. Getting a big coke prior to a 3 hour drive generally means that there will be a stop along the way. Is there a generalization made about liquids in the body similar to the one for solid food? Replies: A physician would give a better answer, but I hazard this: the only liquids which people consume (deliberately) in significant quantities are water, ethyl alcohol and various oils. Water and alcohol are absorbed on a time scale of seconds to minutes through the mouth, stomach and digestive tract. The oils are huge molecules, so I'd guess like any other greasy food they get absorbed in the upper digestive tract. Some of them, perhaps the longest and most nonpolar, are not absorbed at all --- cf. the old-time remedy of mineral oil for constipation --- so there should be some average time-before-what's-left-is-excreted such as you're looking for, and my (wild) guess is that it would not differ substantially from that for food. You can define an average lifetime in the body for alcohol, since the natural level is zero. Rough guidelines are widespread in the context of drunk driving laws. But this is not really possible for water. One's body is normally full up to the brim with water, and there's no way for the body to distinguish between water molecules recently absorbed and molecules that've been moping around since the Beatles split up. Thus the water entering the toilet bowl after the pit stop is not in general the same water as was in the big coke. If you were to consider for water just the average time between drinking and peeing, it would seem to depend strongly on how well hydrated the body was before the drink, and how much was drunk. During sustained heavy exertion in the sun and dry air one can easily drink a pint of water an hour without peeing at all. On the other hand, if one is willing to drink enough water fast enough, so as to establish a high excess of body water one can pee 8 ounces 15 minutes or less after drinking 8 ounces.

227

Exposure to visual cues of pathogen contagion changes preferences for masculinity and symmetry in opposite-sex faces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...incidence of disease [4] and better medical health [15]. Although there is some...Photographs were taken under standardized lighting conditions and with participants posing...preferences for quality, possibly at the cost of investment. Potentially, this pattern...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A preference-based extension for the scalable consensus-based bandwidth allocation protocol in a multicast video conference environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

multicast video conferences. SCUBA operates by allocating bandwidth on a particular channel in a multicast conference based on the interest of the users in each transmitting source. PAXLS extends this model to consider the preferences of the users...

Christensen, Eric Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

Approaches for Identifying Consumer Preferences for the Design of Technology Products: A Case Study of Residential Solar Panels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates ways to obtain consumer preferences for technology products to help designers identify the key attributes that contribute to a product's market success. A case study of residential photovoltaic ...

Chen, Heidi Q.

230

Approaches for identifying consumer preferences for the design of technology products : a case study of residential solar panels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates ways to obtain consumer preferences for technology products to help designers identify the key attributes that contribute to a product's market success. A case study of residential solar PV panels ...

Chen, Heidi Qianyi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Data sources directory for purchasing officials: Energy-efficient and environmentally preferred products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Directory, produced by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, is an introduction to organizations that provide information about energy-efficient and environmentally preferred equipment and products. It is intended to be a reference tool for purchasing officials in the public and private sectors. The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority does not endorse any particular vendor, organization, or technology. This list was prepared to provide information. The companies listed may provide additional products and/or services not mentioned in this directory.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Blood meal host preferences of Culex salinarius Coquillett (Diptera : culicidae) in Chambers County, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Culicidae) in Chambers County, Texas. (December 1994) John Paul Grieco, B. S. , University of Notre Dame Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Jimmy K. Olson Bloodmeal host preferences were assessed for ~ sQiDgi~ populations occurring along the upper Gulf...)(Seeley and Bickley 1974) and St. Louis encephalitis (Nayar et al. 1986) . Also, ~x. B~l' -a~i populations are often found in areas that are associated with large numbers of avian hosts which serve as possible reservoirs for eastern equine encephalitis (EEE...

Grieco, John Paul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

Religion and Fertility in India: The role of son preference and daughter aversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

equilibrium will be greater with a lower (OM) than with a higher (OH) degree of daughter aversion: DM>DH. Equally, the parity equilibrium will be greater with a higher than with a lower degree of daughter aversion: D*M>D*H. Lastly, with a given number... the curve BM since, for a given number of sons, the marginal benefit of sons is higher for OH than for OM. The no son equilibrium is the same with a lower (BM) than with a higher (BH) degree of son preference: DM=DH. However, the parity equilibrium...

Borooah, Vani; Iyer, Sriya

2004-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

234

Female Team Overall Name Age Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time Pace Rank Time Rank Time Pace Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Female Team Overall Name Age Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time Pace Rank Time Rank Time Pace Time 1 Amy:56:27.6 Deborah Mc Eligot Deborah Storrings Male Team Overall Name Age Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time Pace Rank Time Rank Time Pace Time 1 Macon Fessenden 20 1 5:42.2 2 0:26.9 1 34:29.7 3:23 1 0:12.8 1 17:41.1 3

Suzuki, Masatsugu

235

Trypanosoma cruzi: Conformational Preferences of Antigenic Peptides Bearing the Immunodominant Epitope of the B13 Antigen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Duranti, M. A., Franzoni, L., Sartor, G., Benedetti, A., Iwai, L. K., Gruber, A., Zingales, B., Guzman, F., Kalil, J., Spisni, A., and Cunha-Neto, E. 1999. Trypanosoma cruzi: Conformational preferences of antigenic peptides bearing the immunodominant epitope of the B13 antigen. Experimental Parasitology93, 3844. The Trypanosoma cruzi recombinant protein B13 contains tandemly repeated domains and shows high sensitivity in the serological diagnosis of Chagas' disease. It has been shown that the immunodominant epitope of B13 is contained in the GDKPSLFGQAAAGDKPSLF-NH2 sequence and that the hexapeptide AAAGDK seems to be the core of that epitope. Three peptides containing that core sequence, one corresponding to the entire repeat motif GDKPSLFGQAAAGDKPSLF-NH2, pB13, and two smaller fragments, FGQAAAGDK-NH2, S4, and QAAAGDKPS-NH2, S5, have been tested in competitive ELISA with recombinant protein B13 in the solid phase against 40 chagasic sera from Brazilian patients. The median percentage inhibition for pB13, S4, and S5 were, respectively, 91, 86, and 68%. The possibility that the distinct antigenic activity of those peptides correlates with the existence of preferential conformational properties has been investigated by CD and NMR spectroscopy. Results indicate their propensity to adopt a helical configuration, centered in the AAAGDK sequence, and whose extent and stability directly correlates with the peptides' antigenicity. The data are discussed in the light of the existence of conformational preferences involving immunodominant epitopes in tandemly repeated antigens.

Mrcia A. Duranti; Lorella Franzoni; Giorgio Sartor; Arianna Benedetti; Lo K. Iwai; Arthur Gruber; Bianca Zingales; Fanny Guzman; Jorge Kalil; Alberto Spisni; Edcio Cunha-Neto

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Time Brightness  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Perlmutter, et al., in Thermonuclear Supernovae, NATO ASI, v. 486 (1997) Perlmutter, et al., in Thermonuclear Supernovae, NATO ASI, v. 486 (1997) Cosmology from . . . Time Brightness ... . . . 50-100 Fields Lunar Calendar Scheduled Follow-Up Imaging at Hubble, Cerro Tololo, WIYN, Isaac Newton Scheduled Follow-Up Spectroscopy at Keck Almost 1000 Galaxies per Field RESULT: ~24 Type Ia supernovae discovered while still brightening, at new moon Berkeley Lab Keck WIYN Cerro Tololo Isaac Newton Hubble Strategy We developed a strategy to guarantee a group of supernova discoveries on a certain date. Just after a new moon, we observe some 50 to 100 high-galactic lattitute fields-each containing almost a thousand high-redshift galaxies-in two nights on the Cerro Tololo 4-meter telescope with Tyson & Bernstein's wide-field camera. We return three weeks later to observe the same

237

Argonne Premium Coal Sample Bank The Argonne Premium Coal (APC) Sample Bank can supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The sample bank consists of eight coals, including lignite, subbituminous coal, high volatile, medium by a variety of techniques. Five-gallon carboys hold about 80% of the batch in reserve for filling more

Maranas, Costas

238

Strong Contributions from Vertical Triads to Helix-Partner Preferences in Parallel Coiled Coils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have previously analyzed vertical interactions in antiparallel coiled coils and found that one type of triad constellation (a?aa?) exerts a strong effect on pairing preferences, while the other type of triad (d?dd?) has relatively little impact on pairing tendencies. ... To isolate the energetic significance of changes in the d?ad? vertical triads for d? = Leu vs Ile, we consider ?GCC values for a set of four mutants of CT-C?SG, involving two different residues at position a and a constant residue at a?. ... The resulting ?G value, which we term the discrimination energy (DE), indicates the extent to which one set of vertical triads is favored over the other. ...

Jay D. Steinkruger; Gail J. Bartlett; Derek N. Woolfson; Samuel H. Gellman

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

239

Housing preferences and development study in the post LPG era in India: a case of Pune  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Significant changes have been observed since 1991 in the nature and pattern of urban growth in India. Cities are in the midst of restructuring space, in terms of both use and form. The city of Pune is selected for primary field case study of urban housing and development scenario. Pune is one of the selected half a dozen urban agglomerations experiencing the developmental effects of liberalisation-privatisation-globalisation (LPG) process the country is undergoing since 1991. The analysis includes profile of the city, various facets of residential development, a detailed primary survey of households and real estate stakeholders. The paper concludes with key observations on residential real estate development and on the other hand suitable lessons are learnt from the housing preference study to establish the need for alternative sustainable urban development pattern for Pune in particular and other similar LPG affected Indian metropolitan cities in general.

J. Chadchan; R. Shankar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

A social marketing mix for renewable energy in Europe based on consumer stated preference surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regardless their high potential, renewable energy resources are insufficiently exploited in Europe. This paper examines the potential of social marketing for renewable energy sources. It uses acceptability and willingness to pay results from existing surveys on renewable energy sources and generates a marketing mix for the state, organizations, businesses and consumers. These surveys typically claim to produce results that will be useful for policy making or marketing purposes. However, after they distinguish the parameters that affect acceptability or choice and willingness to pay, they do not go deeper to demonstrate the ways for the exploitation of the results. Therefore, this paper gauges the gap between the results from consumer stated preference studies and the insights generated for social marketing.

Angeliki N. Menegaki

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Policy Flash 2013-28 Implementation of Indian Energy Preference Provision in EP Act 2005 and Acquisition Letter 2013-02  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Attached is Policy Flash 2013-28 Implementation of Indian Energy Preference Provision in EP Act 2005 and Acquisition Letter 2013-02

242

Implications of weighting factors on technology preference in net zero energy buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With the current movement towards Net Zero Energy Buildings (Net ZEBs) decisions regarding energy carrier weighting factors will have implications on which technologies could be favoured or disfavoured, and therefore adopted or not adopted, in the building sector of the near future. These implications should be taken into consideration by policy makers when developing legislation and regulations addressing the building sector. A parametric analysis was conducted on six buildings in Europe of different typologies and climates in order to assess how different weighting factors would impact the choice of technical systems to be installed. For each combination the amount of PV capacity necessary to achieve a net zero balance has been calculated and used as the main indicator for comparison; where less PV area means more favourable condition. The effect of including a solar thermal system is also discussed. With the current European national weighting factors, biomass boiler is largely the preferred solution, frequently achieving the balance with PV installed on the roof, while gas boiler is the most penalized. The situation changes when strategic weighting factors are applied. Lower weighting factors for electricity and district heating, e.g. reflecting national targets of increased penetration of renewables in such grids, would promote the use of heat pump and district heating, respectively. Asymmetric factors aimed at rewarding electricity export to the grid would facilitate the achievement of the zero balance for all technologies, promoting cogeneration in some cases. On the contrary, low weighting factors for electricity, e.g. reflecting a scenario of high decarbonisation of the power system, prove quite demanding; only few technical solutions would be able to reach the balance within the available roof area for PV, because of the low value credited to exported electricity. In this situation, the preferred solution would be heat pumps combined with solar thermal. In addition, the choice of weighting factors and the resulting favoured technologies will determine the temporal matching of load and generation. While all-electric solutions tend to use the grid as seasonal storage, other solutions will have a yearly net export of electricity to the grid to compensate for the supply of other (thermal) energy carriers. Therefore, it is important to consider the implications for the electricity grid resulting from the choice of weighting factors.

F. Noris; E. Musall; J. Salom; B. Berggren; S. stergaard Jensen; K. Lindberg; I. Sartori

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Valuing Public Preferences for Offshore Wind Power Andrew D. Krueger, University of Delaware, College of Marine and Earth Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Valuing Public Preferences for Offshore Wind Power Andrew D. Krueger, University of Delaware there are no offshore projects operating in the U.S. to date, proposals for such developments are pending in Massachusetts, New York, Delaware, and Texas. For Delaware, offshore wind power is currently the only cost

Firestone, Jeremy

244

Elephant seasonal vegetation preferences across dry and wet savannas Scott R. Loarie a,*, Rudi J. van Aarde b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elephant seasonal vegetation preferences across dry and wet savannas Scott R. Loarie a,*, Rudi J Accepted 8 August 2009 Available online 6 October 2009 Keywords: African elephants Conservation ecology Land use change Habitat selection a b s t r a c t As African savanna elephants (Loxodonta africana

Pretoria, University of

245

Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran and cyclohexane rings in organic crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paper Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran of the hydrogen bonding counts in crystalline pyranose monosaccharides, we noticed that equatorial hydroxyls formed more hydrogen bonds, on average, than axial groups. A survey of the Cambridge Structural Database

de Gispert, Adrià

246

Designing Sustainable Wastewater Systems: Visual, Interactive Preference Elicitation Chamberlain, B., Taheri, H., Carenini, G., Poole, D., and berg, G.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designing Sustainable Wastewater Systems: Visual, Interactive Preference Elicitation Chamberlain, B., Taheri, H., Carenini, G., Poole, D., and ?berg, G. Introduction The majority of water and wastewater and trade-offs made [4-7]. Our work aims to create computational tools for wastewater infrastructure design

Carenini, Giuseppe

247

Differences Between Golden Hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) and Norway Rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Preference for the Sole Diet That  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ferred the food with the unfamiliar flavor. In contrast, Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) examined under found that, in a variety of circumstances, rats exhibited robust reductions in preference for the foodDifferences Between Golden Hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) and Norway Rats (Rattus norvegicus

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

248

Particle-size and morphology dependence of the preferred interface orientation in LiFePO4 nano-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Particle-size and morphology dependence of the preferred interface orientation in LiFePO4 nano insights into the equilibrium properties and potential two-phase lithiation mechanisms in LiFePO4 nano, if experimentally-relevant nano-particles were to (de)lithiate under a thermodynamic two-phase mechanism

Ceder, Gerbrand

249

Cross-cultural variation in women's preferences for cues to sex- and stress-hormones in the male face  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Science, Rikkyo University, , Tokyo, Japan Women in the UK prefer the faces of...representing income disparity across households in a population (0 = perfect equality...3 (2010) 2.37 0.84 98 0 0 2 Japan 11 37.6 (2008) 2.23 0.9 0...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Preference of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae, for plants grown in sewage sludges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since passage of the Clean Water Act in the 1970s, disposal of the millions of tonnes of sewage sludge generated annually has become a major concern of municipalities throughout the United States. With the range of other disposal options having narrowed in recent years, application of sludge to land is increasingly viewed as a practical and economical means to recycle this waste material. However, sludges from large cities with industries may be contaminated with various toxic chemicals, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), other organic chemicals, such as pesticides, and heavy metals. Sludge application to land thus has the potential adversely to affect biota and the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. The authors previously demonstrated marked reductions in fecundity and survival of green peach aphids, Myzus persicae, on collard plants, Brassica oleracea var. sabellica, growing in soil treated with chemically contaminated sludge as compared to aphids on plants growing either in soil treated with uncontaminated sludge of soil conventionally fertilized. Reduced plant growth and increased restlessness in aphids in the contaminated sludge treatment were also observed. The purpose of the present study was to examine more closely the influence of sludge contaminants on aphid settling behavior as indicated by differential preference of M. persicae for leaves of its collard host grown under different soil conditions.

Culliney, T.W.; Pimentel, D.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Voluntary electricity conservation of households after the Great East Japan Earthquake: A stated preference analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the voluntary electricity-saving awareness of households after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent accident at the Fukushima nuclear power station. We conduct a conjoint analysis of consumer stated preferences for the settings of air conditioners, refrigerators, and the standby power of electrical appliances, based on a web questionnaire survey administered in the areas supplied by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) and Kansai Electric Power Company (KEPCO). The main findings of this paper are as follows. First, we observe awareness of voluntary electricity conservation among the households in both the TEPCO and KEPCO areas after the disasters. Second, awareness of voluntary power saving is higher in the TEPCO area, which has been directly affected by the electric power shortages, in comparison with the KEPCO area, where there was no such direct impact. Third, if power prices are to be further raised, the consumer responses to the price changes would be small in both areas. Furthermore, we show that the potential voluntary reduction in electric power consumption of a household in the TEPCO area is 26% more than that in the KEPCO area during the summer peak periods.

Makoto Tanaka; Takanori Ida

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flashlights that use LED technology have quickly emerged as the dominant source of portable lighting in Kenya. While flashlights do not normally provide a substitute for kerosene and other highly inefficient fuels, they are an important early manifestation of LED lighting in the developing world that can serve as a platform - or deterrent - to the diffusion of the technology into the broader off-grid lighting market. The lead acid batteries embedded in flashlights also represent an important source of hazardous waste, and flashlight durability is thus an important determinant of the rate of waste disposal. Low-cost LED flashlights with prices from $1 to $4 are now widely available in shops and markets throughout Kenya. The increased penetration of LED technology in the flashlight market is significant, as over half of all Kenyan households report owning a flashlight (Kamfor, 2002). While this shift from conventional incandescent technology to modern LEDs may appear to be a promising development, end users that our research team interviewed expressed a number of complaints about the quality and performance of these new flashlights. This raises concerns about the interests of low-income flashlight users, and it may also indicate the onset of a broader market spoiling effect for off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (Mills and Jacobson, 2008; Lighting Africa, 2007). The quality of low-cost LED flashlights can contribute to market spoiling because these products appear to represent the first contact that most Kenyans have with LED technology. In this report, our team uses interviews with 46 end users of flashlights to collect information about their experiences, perceptions, and preferences. We focus especially on highlighting common complaints from respondents about the flashlights that they have used, as well as on noting the features that they indicated were important when evaluating the quality of a flashlight. In previous laboratory tests, researchers from our team found a wide range of quality and performance among battery powered LED lights (Granderson, et al. 2008).

Tracy, Jenny; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

2009-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

253

Generating an indicator for pump impeller damage using half and full spectra, fuzzy preference-based rough sets and PCA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Parameters that vary monotonically with damage propagation are useful in condition monitoring. However, it is not easy to find such parameters especially for complex systems like pumps. A method using half and full spectra, fuzzy preference-based rough sets and principal component analysis (PCA) is proposed to generate such an indicator for tracking impeller damage in a centrifugal slurry pump. Half and full spectra are used for extracting features related to pump health status. A fuzzy preference-based rough set model is employed in the process of selecting features reflecting the damage propagation monotonically. PCA is used to condense the features and generate an indicator which represents the damage propagation. The effectiveness of the proposed method is tested using laboratory experimental data. Results show that the indicator generated by the proposed method can clearly and monotonically distinguish the health status of the pump impeller.

Xiaomin Zhao; Ming J Zuo; Tejas H Patel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Preferred orientation of n-hexane crystallized in silicon nanochannels: A combined x-ray diffraction and sorption isotherm study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an x-ray diffraction study on n-hexane in tubular silicon channels of approximately 10 nm diameter both as a function of the filling fraction f of the channels and as a function of temperature. Upon cooling, confined n-hexane crystallizes in a triclinic phase typical of the bulk crystalline state. However, the anisotropic spatial confinement leads to a preferred orientation of the confined crystallites, where the crystallographic direction coincides with the long axis of the channels. The magnitude of this preferred orientation increases with the filling fraction, which corroborates the assumption of a Bridgman-type crystallization process being responsible for the peculiar crystalline texture. This growth process predicts for a channel-like confinement an alignment of the fastest crystallization direction parallel to the long channel axis. It is expected to be increasingly effective with the length of solidifying liquid parcels and thus with increasing f. In fact, the fastest solidification front...

Henschel, Anke; Hofmann, Tommy; Knorr, Klaus; Huber, Patrick; 10.1103/PhysRevE.79.032601

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Site preferences of indium impurity atoms in intermetallics having Al3Ti and Al3Zr crystal structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Site preferences of indium impurity atoms in intermetallics having Al3Ti and Al3Zr crystal-04843 (Metals Program) and Praveen Sinha Fund for Physics Research. L12 DO22 DO23 Cu3Au Al3Ti Al3Zr #12;Outline · Indium was doped in samples of Al3V and Al3Ti (Al3Ti structure) and Al3Zr (Al3Zr structure) by arc

Collins, Gary S.

256

Essays on Dynamic Value Change Perspective in Resource Based View, Determinants of Alliance Formation and Risk Preference in Alliance Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESSAYS ON DYNAMIC VALUE CHANGE PERSPECTIVE IN RESOURCE BASED VIEW, DETERMINANTS OF ALLIANCE FORMATION AND RISK PREFERENCE IN ALLIANCE FORMATION A Dissertation by IK SU JUN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2009 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics ESSAYS ON DYNAMIC VALUE CHANGE PERSPECTIVE IN RESOURCE BASED VIEW, DETERMINANTS OF ALLIANCE...

Jun, Ik Su

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

257

Influences of wildlandurban interface and wildland hiking areas on experiential recreation outcomes and environmental setting preferences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Little is known about the beneficial outcomes (e.g., experiential benefits sought and achieved, place meanings) and environmental setting preferences across varying recreation areas. The purpose of this study is to better understand differences in the experiential recreation outcomes and setting preferences of Florida National Scenic Trail hikers by segmenting and comparing two groups based on the type of natural area they hiked: wildlandurban interface (WUI) visitors and wildland visitors, somewhat equivalent to the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS) construct. This study utilized physical development density criteria (i.e., percent natural vegetation coverage, housing density per acre) obtained from a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) database for the recreation setting classification. The wildland visitor group had stronger preferences for achievement and environmental exploration benefits and for more natural settings, while mental and physical health/wellness and in-group social bonding benefits were equally important for both groups. Ecological integrity was ascribed more strongly by the wildland group, and WUI visitors more strongly identified with the community identity construct. These results verify most ROS precepts and show that varying ROS type settings provide experiential outcome opportunities consistent with ROS parameters, though some refinements for WUI settings were identified.

Namyun Kil; Taylor V. Stein; Stephen M. Holland

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Quantum like modelling of the non-separability of voters' preferences in the U.S. political system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Divided Government is nowadays a common feature of the U.S. political system. The voters can cast partisan ballots for two political powers the executive (Presidential elections) and the legislative (the Congress election). Some recent studies have shown that many voters tend to shape their preferences for the political parties by choosing different parties in these two election contests. This type of behavior referred to by Smith et al. (1999) as "ticket splitting" shows irrationality of behavior (such as preference reversal) from the perspective of traditional decision making theories (Von Neumann and Morgenstern (1953), Savage, (1954)). It has been shown by i.e. Zorn and Smith (2011) and also Khrennikova et al. (2014) that these types of "non-separable" preferences are context dependent and can be well accommodated in a quantum like framework. In this paper we use data from Smith et al. (1999) to show first of all probabilistic violation of classical (Kolmogorovian) framework. We proceed with the depiction of our observables (the Congress and the Presidential contexts) with the aid of the quantum probability formula that incorporates the "contextuality" of the decision making process through the interference term. Statistical data induces an interference term of large magnitude a so called hyperbolic interference. We perform with help of our transition probabilities a state reconstruction of the voters state vectors to test for the applicability of the generalized Born rule. This state can be mathematically represented in the generalized Hilbert space based on hyper-complex numbers.

Polina Khrennikova

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

259

Time series association learning  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic input is recognized from inferred articulatory movements output by a learned relationship between training acoustic waveforms and articulatory movements. The inferred movements are compared with template patterns prepared from training movements when the relationship was learned to regenerate an acoustic recognition. In a preferred embodiment, the acoustic articulatory relationships are learned by a neural network. Subsequent input acoustic patterns then generate the inferred articulatory movements for use with the templates. Articulatory movement data may be supplemented with characteristic acoustic information, e.g. relative power and high frequency data, to improve template recognition.

Papcun, George J. (Santa Fe, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Selection of components for the IDEALHY preferred cycle for the large scale liquefaction of hydrogen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a future energy scenario, in which storage and transport of liquid hydrogen in large quantities will be used, the efficiency of the liquefaction of hydrogen will be of utmost importance. The goal of the IDEALHY working party is to identify the most promising process for a 50 t/d plant and to select the components, with which such a process can be realized. In the first stage the team has compared several processes, which have been proposed or realized in the past. Based on this information a process has been selected, which is thermodynamically most promising and for which it could be assumed that good components already exist or can be developed in the foreseeable future. Main features of the selected process are the compression of the feed stream to a relatively high pressure level, o-p conversion inside plate-fin heat exchangers and expansion turbines in the supercritical region. Precooling to a temperature between 150 and 100 K will be obtained from a mixed refrigerant cycle similar to the systems used successfully in natural gas liquefaction plants. The final cooling will be produced by two Brayton cycles, both having several expansion turbines in series. The selected overall process has still a number of parameters, which can be varied. The optimum, i.e. the final choice will depend mainly on the quality of the available components. Key components are the expansion turbines of the two Brayton cycles and the main recycle compressor, which may be common to both Brayton cycles. A six-stage turbo-compressor with intercooling between the stages is expected to be the optimum choice here. Each stage may consist of several wheels in series. To make such a high efficient and cost-effective compressor feasible, one has to choose a refrigerant, which has a higher molecular weight than helium. The present preferred choice is a mixture of helium and neon with a molecular weight of about 8 kg/kmol. Such an expensive refrigerant requires that the whole refrigeration loop is extremely tight.

Quack, H.; Seemann, I.; Klaus, M.; Haberstroh, Ch. [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Dresden (Germany); Berstad, D.; Walnum, H. T.; Neksa, P. [SINTEF Energy Research, Trondheim (Norway); Decker, L. [Linde Kryotechnik AG, Pfungen (Switzerland)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Precision Timed Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.4 Precision Timed Machines . . . . .Precision Timed Machine 2.1precision timed (PRET) machine. pages 264265, June 2007. [

Liu, Isaac Suyu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Hippocampal ``Time Cells'': Time versus Path Integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neuron Article Hippocampal ``Time Cells'': Time versus Path Integration Benjamin J. Kraus,1 function of hippocampal networks (Etienne and Jeffery, 2004; McNaughton et al., 1991, 1996, 2006; O

Hasselmo, Michael

263

Time in quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION II. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT A. Classical Mechanics B. Quantum Theory . C. The Problem 3 4 6 III. TIME ATOMS AND DISCRETE TIME A. The Earliest Applications of Atomistic and Discrete Time . . . . . B. The Radiating Electron... . C. Quantum Field Theory 8 10 l2 IV. TIME OPERATOR FORMULATIONS 16 A. Advocates Against a Time Operator . B. The Possibility of a Time Operator C, Advocates in Favor of a Time Operator D. A Restricted Time Delay Operator: Scattering Theory...

Chapin, Kimberly R.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

264

Mobile Media Devices and Communication Applications as a Form of Augmentative and Alternative Communication: An Assessment of Family Wants, Needs, and Preferences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study assessed the wants, needs, and preferences of families at various stages of the decision-making process relative to mobile media technology as a form of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). A survey entitled "iDevices, AAC...

Meder, Allison

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

265

Development of a sex difference in the preferred latency response in the weakly electric fish, Pollimyrus isidori (Cuvier et Valenciennes) (Mormyridae, Teleostei)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pollimyrus isidori...displays two types of electric organ discharge (EOD) phase-locking behaviours with EODs of other ... latency response (PLR) maintains preference of an EOD interval of...

Hubert Lcker; Bernd Kramer

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Diurnal lighting patterns and habitat alter opsin expression and colour preferences in a killifish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...varied as a function of time, lighting habitat or their interaction...The fish were housed in a greenhouse with siding that transmitted...approximately 12.5 h d1. The fish lighting environment was supplemented...ultraviolet (UV) light that the greenhouse siding filtered out. Representative...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Ethanol intake and ethanol-conditioned place preference are reduced in mice treated with the bioflavonoid agent naringin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recently, PPAR-? activation has emerged as a potential treatment for alcoholism. However, the adverse effects of synthetic PPAR-? activators, despite being effective drugs, prompted the need for novel PPAR-? agonists that retain efficacy and potency with a lower potential of side effects. Hence, naringin, a bioflavonoid isolated from citrus fruits and recently identified as a natural ligand of PPAR-?, has begun to be evaluated for treatment of alcoholism. It is well known to possess several therapeutic benefits in addition to its anti-anxiety and antidepressant properties. In the present study, we assessed whether naringin treatment possesses anti-ethanol reward properties in C57BL/6 mice. We used the two-bottle choice drinking paradigm and ethanol-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) to examine the effect of naringin treatment on ethanol drinking. Results have shown that, compared with vehicle, naringin (10100mg/kg) significantly and dose-dependently decreased voluntary ethanol intake and preference in a two-bottle choice drinking paradigm [315% (v/v) escalating over 2 weeks], with no significant effect observed on saccharin [0.020.08% (w/v)] or on quinine [1560?M (w/v)] intake. In addition, there was no significant difference in blood ethanol concentration (BEC) between groups following naringin administration of 3g of ethanol/kg body weight. Interestingly, when mice were treated with vehicle or naringin (30mg/kg) before injection of ethanol (1.5g/kg) during conditioning days, naringin inhibited the acquisition of ethanol-CPP. More importantly, these effects were significantly attenuated when mice were pre-injected with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-? (PPAR-?) antagonist, GW9662. Taken together, the present findings are the first to implicate naringin and PPAR-? receptors in the behavioral and reward-related effects of ethanol and raise the question of whether specific drugs that target PPAR-? receptors could potentially reduce excessive ethanol consumption and preference.

Amine Bahi; Syed M. Nurulain; Shreesh Ojha

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

The Pacific Northwest residential consumer: Perceptions and preferences of home heating fuels, major appliances, and appliance fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1983 the Bonneville Power Administration contracted with the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to conduct an analysis of the marketing environment for Bonneville's conservation activities. Since this baseline residential study, PNL has conducted two follow up market research projects: Phase 2 in 1985, and Phase 3, in 1988. In this report the respondents' perceptions, preferences, and fuel switching possibilities of fuels for home heating and major appliances are examined. To aid in effective target marketing, the report identifies market segments according to consumers' demographics, life-cycle, attitudes, and opinions.

Harkreader, S.A.; Hattrup, M.P.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Project team : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Project team Project team Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Project team To contact the following individuals, please call the number listed or enable JavaScript within your browser's preferences. The New York Times Company Angelo Salvatore Executive Director of Building Operations Patrick Whelan Facilities Director Glenn Hughes Director of Construction/ Real Estate David Thurm Chief Information Officer Hussain Ali-Khan Vice President, Real Estate Development

270

Special Relativity and possible Lorentz violations consistently coexist in Aristotle space-time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some studies interpret quantum measurement as being explicitly non local. Others assume the preferred frame hypothesis. Unfortunately, these two classes of studies conflict with Minkowski space-time geometry. On the contrary, in Aristotle space-time, Lorentz invariance, interpreted as a physical property applying to all phenomena actually satisfying this symmetry (as opposed to a geometrical constraint applying to an assumed pre-existing Minkowski space-time) consistently coexists with possible Lorentz violations. Moreover, as will be pointed out, the geometrical framework provided by Aristotle space-time is in fact necessary to derive the Lorentz transformations from physical hypotheses.

B. Chaverondier

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

p15PAF Is an Intrinsically Disordered Protein with Nonrandom Structural Preferences at Sites of Interaction with Other Proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We present to our knowledge the first structural characterization of the proliferating-cell-nuclear-antigen-associated factor p15PAF, showing that it is monomeric and intrinsically disordered in solution but has nonrandom conformational preferences at sites of protein-protein interactions. p15PAF is a 12kDa nuclear protein that acts as a regulator of DNA repair during DNA replication. The p15PAF gene is overexpressed in several types of human cancer. The nearly complete NMR backbone assignment of p15PAF allowed us to measure 86 N-HN residual dipolar couplings. Our residual dipolar coupling analysis reveals nonrandom conformational preferences in distinct regions, including the proliferating-cell-nuclear-antigen-interacting protein motif (PIP-box) and the KEN-box (recognized by the ubiquitin ligase that targets p15PAF for degradation). In accordance with these findings, analysis of the 15N R2 relaxation rates shows a relatively reduced mobility for the residues in these regions. The agreement between the experimental small angle x-ray scattering curve of p15PAF and that computed from a statistical coil ensemble corrected for the presence of local secondary structural elements further validates our structural model for p15PAF. The coincidence of these transiently structured regions with protein-protein interaction and posttranslational modification sites suggests a possible role for these structures as molecular recognition elements for p15PAF.

Alfredo DeBiasio; Alain IbezdeOpakua; TiagoN. Cordeiro; Maider Villate; Nekane Merino; Nathalie Sibille; Moreno Lelli; Tammo Diercks; Pau Bernad; FranciscoJ. Blanco

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Preferred orientation of n-hexane crystallized in silicon nanochannels: A combined x-ray diffraction and sorption isotherm study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an x-ray diffraction study on n-hexane in tubular silicon channels of approximately 10 nm diameter both as a function of the filling fraction f of the channels and as a function of temperature. Upon cooling, confined n-hexane crystallizes in a triclinic phase typical of the bulk crystalline state. However, the anisotropic spatial confinement leads to a preferred orientation of the confined crystallites, where the crystallographic direction coincides with the long axis of the channels. The magnitude of this preferred orientation increases with the filling fraction, which corroborates the assumption of a Bridgman-type crystallization process being responsible for the peculiar crystalline texture. This growth process predicts for a channel-like confinement an alignment of the fastest crystallization direction parallel to the long channel axis. It is expected to be increasingly effective with the length of solidifying liquid parcels and thus with increasing f. In fact, the fastest solidification front is expected to sweep over the full silicon nanochannel for f=1, in agreement with our observation of a practically perfect texture for entirely filled nanochannels.

Anke Henschel; Pushpendra Kumar; Tommy Hofmann; Klaus Knorr; Patrick Huber

2009-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

273

Trends in public perceptions and preferences on energy and environmental policy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents selected results from a secondary analysis of public opinion surveys, taken at the national and state/local levels, relevant to energy and environmental policy choices. The data base used in the analysis includes about 2000 items from nearly 600 separate surveys conducted between 1979 and 1992. Answers to word-for-word questions were traced over time, permitting trend analysis. Patterns of response were also identified for findings from similarly worded survey items. The analysis identifies changes in public opinion concerning energy during the past 10 to 15 years.

Farhar, B.C.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Steam Turbines for Critical Applications and Emergency or Standby Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steam turbines are frequently preferred over electric motors where operational continuity is important. This often imposes extreme premiums in operating cost. The parameters affecting relative economics are explored and a range of alternatives...

Waterland, A. F.

275

Time-Resolved  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Time-Resolved Time-Resolved Print Of the four fundamental parameters that we use to perceive the physical world (energy, momentum, position, and time) three correspond to the three broad categories of synchrotron experimental measurement techniques: spectroscopy (energy), scattering (momentum), and imaging (position). The fourth parameter-time-can in principle be applied to all the techniques. At the ALS, many experiments can be carried out in real time, with data being recorded from the same sample as it changes over time. Some time-resolved experiments take advantage of the pulsed nature of the ALS's synchrotron radiation, which, like a strobe light, can capture a series of "snapshots" of a process that, when viewed sequentially, show us how a given process evolves over time. Other experiments simply require two pulses: one to "pump" energy into the sample system and a second to probe the system's excited state.

276

Analysis of Retail Price Premiums on Certified Sustainable Oregon Wines .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This work is an attempt to analyze the impact of a growing business culture centered on environmental consciousness in the State of Oregon on retail (more)

Mills, Gregory A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Declining Equity Premium: What Role Does Macroeconomic Risk Play?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dividend and price-earnings ratios remain well above their historical norms. More formally, the recent run of Pennsylvania and NBER Aggregate stock prices, relative to virtually any indicator of fundamental value, soared historical norms. Why? We consider one particular explanation: a fall in macroeconomic risk

Kahana, Michael J.

278

Premium Efficiency Motor Selection And Application Guide: A Guidebook...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ington State Energy Office. April 1990. 5-10 Ula, Sadrul, Larry E. Birnbaum and Don Jordan, University of Wyoming, "Energy Efficient Drive- Power: An Overview." Prepared for the...

279

When to Purchase Premium Efficiency Motors | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guide - A Handbook for Industry Optimizing Your Motor-Driven System The Impacts of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 on Industrial End Users of Electric Motor-Driven Systems...

280

Regulatory and Commercial Barriers to Introduction of Renewable Super Premium  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2B: End Use and Fuel Certification Robert McCormick, Principal Engineer in Fuels Performance, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Rising College Premiums in Mexico: How Important Is Trade?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trade and investment liberalisation, nancial crisis, andR. , 2000. Trade liberalisation and wage inequality: Lessons

Mehta, Aashish; Acuna, Belinda

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Premium distillate products from direct liquefaction of coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The net liquid products from modern coal liquefaction processes are lower boiling and have much lower end points (mostly under 400{degree}C) than crude petroleum. Coal liquids have very low concentrations of heteroatoms, particularly S, and metals, and are free of resids and asphaltenes. High yields of low-S (0.01--0.03 wt %) naphtha, kerosene, and diesel fuel fractions can be obtained simply by atmospheric distillation, with a total yield of light fuel fractions ranging from 68 to 82 LV% (W260D exclusive). The coal naphtha has a low aromatics content (5--13 LV%), readily meeting projected year-2000 requirements. Its low Reid vapor pressure allows light components from other sources to be blended. The coal light distillate of in appropriate boiling range will be a good low-S blending stock for the light diesel fuel pool. The heavy distillate can be refined into a low-S No. 4 diesel fuel/fuel oil. This fraction, along with the >343{degree}C atmospheric bottoms, can be catalytically cracked or hydrocracked to make light liquid fuels. Thus, modern coal liquids should no longer be envisioned as thick liquids (or even solids) with high concentrations of aromatics and asphaltenes. Products obtained from advanced coal liquefaction technologies are more like light naphthene-base petroleum, but with lower heteroatoms and metals contents, and they are free of resids. Coal liquids are likely to be co-refined in existing petroleum refineries; and hydroprocessing of various severities would be needed for different fractions to produce quality blending stocks for refinery fuel pools.

Zhou, P.Z. [Burns and Roe Services Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Winschel, R.A. [CONSOL, Inc., Library, PA (United States); Klunder, E.B. [USDOE Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, PA (United States)]|[USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Impact of cetane improvers on ignition delay times of several alternative biofuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biofuel technology could be approaching one of its greatest development milestones--being accepted as a standard item on new vehicle technology. In particular, the Partnership for a New Generation Vehicle (PNGV) lists the evaluation and possible utilization of alternative fuels as one of the technological focuses to be evaluated by the year 2000. Synergy 2010, Ford`s newest Taurus model concept car, includes the use of a 20:1 compression-ratio, compression-ignition (CI) engine as the preferred engine. The preferred fuels include diesel, gasoline, and methanol. Cetane improvers make methanol fuel practical with a 20:1 compression ratio engine such as that proposed with Synergy 2010 and are a key technology for biofuel success. CI engines have a high probability of becoming the preferred engines for PNGV vehicles since CI engines are 20% to 30% more efficient than spark-ignition engines. In addition, CI engines allow a wider range of viable biofuels to be used. This paper is on the impact of cetane improvers on methanol and other biofuels. Fuels are evaluated through ignition delay time studies in a constant volume combustor. Ignition delay times measured at several temperatures and with biofuels of different compositions provide much more data than conventional cetane numbers and provide an understanding which is essential to engineer biofuels for the best possible performance in new engines. Ignition delay times are reported for several biofuels including mixtures containing biodiesel, methanol, and syrup.

Suppes, G.J. [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States); Bryan, M.; Chen, Z. [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

284

CHAPTER XV - TIME SERIES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter provides an overview of time series. A time series is a set of observations of a variable made at different points of time and arranged in chronological order, each observation representing the value of the variable either at a given moment or during the interval of time between this observation and the preceding one. In general, the observations forming a time-series as made at equidistant intervals of time are considered. The factors affecting time-series may be recurring or nonrecurring, or evolutionary, periodic, or random. The method of moving averages consists in determining the average value for a certain number of terms of a time series and taking this average as the trend normal value for the middle of the period covered in the calculation of the average, that is, the period extent of the moving average.

ISAAC PAENSON

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The Y-12 Times  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

good use Pages 4 and 5 The comings and goings during June Page 7 Y-12's new talent Ray Smith Donna Watson Bill Wilburn Lisa Xiques times times the B&W Technical Services Y-12,...

286

Noncommutative Two Time Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a classical formalism describing two-time physics with Abelian canonical gauge field backgrounds. The formalism can be used as a starting point for the construction of an interacting quantized two-time physics theory in a noncommutative soace-time.

W. Chagas-Filho

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

287

Asia Times -Search Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asia Times - Search Asia Times Advanced Search Southeast Asia Scapegoats for Indonesia's timber://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/EI19Ae01.html (1 of 4)9/4/2007 3:01:50 PM Search #12;Asia Times - rather than on the nationwide band

288

Asia Times -Search Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asia Times - Search Asia Times Advanced Search Southeast Asia Scapegoats for Indonesia's timber://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/EI19Ae01.html (1 of 4)9/4/2007 12:55:07 PM Search #12;Asia Times - rather than on the nationwide band

289

System and method for constructing filters for detecting signals whose frequency content varies with time  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for constructing a bank of filters which detect the presence of signals whose frequency content varies with time. The present invention includes a novel system and method for developing one or more time templates designed to match the received signals of interest and the bank of matched filters use the one or more time templates to detect the received signals. Each matched filter compares the received signal x(t) with a respective, unique time template that has been designed to approximate a form of the signals of interest. The robust time domain template is assumed to be of the order of w(t)=A(t)cos{2.pi..phi.(t)} and the present invention uses the trajectory of a joint time-frequency representation of x(t) as an approximation of the instantaneous frequency function {.phi.'(t). First, numerous data samples of the received signal x(t) are collected. A joint time frequency representation is then applied to represent the signal, preferably using the time frequency distribution series (also known as the Gabor spectrogram). The joint time-frequency transformation represents the analyzed signal energy at time t and frequency .function., P(t,f), which is a three-dimensional plot of time vs. frequency vs. signal energy. Then P(t,f) is reduced to a multivalued function f(t), a two dimensional plot of time vs. frequency, using a thresholding process. Curve fitting steps are then performed on the time/frequency plot, preferably using Levenberg-Marquardt curve fitting techniques, to derive a general instantaneous frequency function .phi.'(t) which best fits the multivalued function f(t), a trajectory of the joint time-frequency domain representation of x(t). Integrating .phi.'(t) along t yields .phi.(t), which is then inserted into the form of the time template equation. A suitable amplitude A(t) is also preferably determined. Once the time template has been determined, one or more filters are developed which each use a version or form of the time template.

Qian, Shie (Austin, TX); Dunham, Mark E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

System and method for constructing filters for detecting signals whose frequency content varies with time  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method are disclosed for constructing a bank of filters which detect the presence of signals whose frequency content varies with time. The present invention includes a novel system and method for developing one or more time templates designed to match the received signals of interest and the bank of matched filters use the one or more time templates to detect the received signals. Each matched filter compares the received signal x(t) with a respective, unique time template that has been designed to approximate a form of the signals of interest. The robust time domain template is assumed to be of the order of w(t)=A(t)cos(2{pi}{phi}(t)) and the present invention uses the trajectory of a joint time-frequency representation of x(t) as an approximation of the instantaneous frequency function {phi}{prime}(t). First, numerous data samples of the received signal x(t) are collected. A joint time frequency representation is then applied to represent the signal, preferably using the time frequency distribution series. The joint time-frequency transformation represents the analyzed signal energy at time t and frequency f, P(t,f), which is a three-dimensional plot of time vs. frequency vs. signal energy. Then P(t,f) is reduced to a multivalued function f(t), a two dimensional plot of time vs. frequency, using a thresholding process. Curve fitting steps are then performed on the time/frequency plot, preferably using Levenberg-Marquardt curve fitting techniques, to derive a general instantaneous frequency function {phi}{prime}(t) which best fits the multivalued function f(t). Integrating {phi}{prime}(t) along t yields {phi}{prime}(t), which is then inserted into the form of the time template equation. A suitable amplitude A(t) is also preferably determined. Once the time template has been determined, one or more filters are developed which each use a version or form of the time template. 7 figs.

Qian, S.; Dunham, M.E.

1996-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

291

Intrinsic Time Quantum Geometrodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Geometrodynamics with intrinsic time development and momentric variables is presented. An underlying SU(3) group structure at each spatial point regulates the theory. The intrinsic time behavior of the theory is analyzed, together with its ground state and primordial quantum fluctuations. Cotton-York potential dominates at early times when the universe was small; the ground state naturally resolves Penrose's Weyl Curvature Hypothesis, and thermodynamic and gravitational `arrows of time' point in the same direction. Ricci scalar potential corresponding to Einstein's General Relativity emerges as a zero-point energy contribution. A new set of fundamental canonical commutation relations without Planck's constant emerges from the unification of Gravitation and Quantum Mechanics.

Eyo Eyo Ita III; Chopin Soo; Hoi-Lai Yu

2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

292

Time Series Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Know how to apply simple methods for time series forecasting such as moving averages and the three levels of exponential smoothing.

Marc Goetschalckx

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Energy Saving Alignment Strategy: Achieving energy efficiency in urban buildings by matching occupant temperature preferences with a buildings indoor thermal environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Existing strategies for residential energy savings through physical renovation or motivating occupant energy conservation behavior can be costly and/or have transitory effects. Focusing on multi-family dwellings, an important subset of the urban residential sector, we propose an Energy Saving Alignment Strategy (ESAS) that has advantageous cost-effectiveness and a long-lasting influence. By aligning the distribution of residents thermostat preferences with the indoor temperature, ESAS aims to maximize thermal comfort and, accordingly, energy savings in multi-family buildings where indoor temperatures vary between apartments as a function of apartment orientation and floor level. Using a case study of a 1084-apartment public housing complex in New York, we classify both occupants thermostat preferences and apartments operative temperatures into five groups, and optimize energy efficiency by assigning each group of occupants to the group of apartments that best aligns with their thermostat preference. We test ESAS in eight cities representing all four U.S. census regions and six climate zones. Simulation results reveal 2.142.0% in energy savings compared to random apartment assignments depending on geographic location, with the highest energy reductions occurring in cities with mild climates, where the range of occupant thermostat preferences coincides with the natural indoor temperature range. We conclude by providing suggested guidelines on how ESAS might work in practice, and recommendations for extending ESAS research.

Xiaoqi Xu; Patricia J. Culligan; John E. Taylor

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Informal and formal channels of communication preferred and used in adoption of ranching practices by cattle producers in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performed a descriptive analysis of the communication channels that exist and are preferred by the cattle ranchers of the State of Nuevo Lean, Mexico when they are deciding to adopt or reject a ranching practice. The results were summarized to make...

Freund, Tamara Marie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

295

Laboratory Evaluation and Ranked Preference Assessment of Subterranean Termites Coptotermes Formosanus Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) on Pecan Cultivars of Carya Illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significantly (P less than 0.05) more attracted to green leaf material from the Creek cultivar as compared to the other 50 cultivars tested. However, the Creek cultivar was the least preferred in the consumption test. This suggested that Formosan termites may...

Swain, Christopher R.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

296

Time functions as utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Every time function on spacetime gives a (continuous) total preordering of the spacetime events which respects the notion of causal precedence. The problem of the existence of a (semi-)time function on spacetime and the problem of recovering the causal structure starting from the set of time functions are studied. It is pointed out that these problems have an analog in the field of microeconomics known as utility theory. In a chronological spacetime the semi-time functions correspond to the utilities for the chronological relation, while in a K-causal (stably causal) spacetime the time functions correspond to the utilities for the K^+ relation (Seifert's relation). By exploiting this analogy, we are able to import some mathematical results, most notably Peleg's and Levin's theorems, to the spacetime framework. As a consequence, we prove that a K-causal (i.e. stably causal) spacetime admits a time function and that the time or temporal functions can be used to recover the K^+ (or Seifert) relation which indeed turns out to be the intersection of the time or temporal orderings. This result tells us in which circumstances it is possible to recover the chronological or causal relation starting from the set of time or temporal functions allowed by the spacetime. Moreover, it is proved that a chronological spacetime in which the closure of the causal relation is transitive (for instance a reflective spacetime) admits a semi-time function. Along the way a new proof avoiding smoothing techniques is given that the existence of a time function implies stable causality, and a new short proof of the equivalence between K-causality and stable causality is given which takes advantage of Levin's theorem and smoothing techniques.

E. Minguzzi

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

297

High voltage electrical amplifier having a short rise time  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A circuit, comprising an amplifier and a transformer is disclosed that produces a high power pulse having a fast response time, and that responds to a digital control signal applied through a digital-to-analog converter. The present invention is suitable for driving a component such as an electro-optic modulator with a voltage in the kilovolt range. The circuit is stable at high frequencies and during pulse transients, and its impedance matching circuit matches the load impedance with the output impedance. The preferred embodiment comprises an input stage compatible with high-speed semiconductor components for amplifying the voltage of the input control signal, a buffer for isolating the input stage from the output stage; and a plurality of current amplifiers connected to the buffer. Each current amplifier is connected to a field effect transistor (FET), which switches a high voltage power supply to a transformer which then provides an output terminal for driving a load. The transformer comprises a plurality of transmission lines connected to the FETs and the load. The transformer changes the impedance and voltage of the output. The preferred embodiment also comprises a low voltage power supply for biasing the FETs at or near an operational voltage.

Christie, David J. (Pleasanton, CA); Dallum, Gregory E. (Livermore, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Acceleration of Time Integration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We outline our strategies for accelerating time integration for long-running simulations, such as those for global climate modeling. The strategies target the Cray XT systems at the National Center for Computational Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Our strategies include fully implicit, parallel-in-time, and curvelet methods.

White III, James B [ORNL; Drake, John B [ORNL; Worley, Patrick H [ORNL; Archibald, Richard K [ORNL; Evans, Katherine J [ORNL; Kothe, Douglas B [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Is Time Inhomogeneous ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article, we discuss probability of inhomogeneous time in high or low energy scale of physics. Consequently, the possibility was investigated of using theories such as varying speed of light (VSL) and fractal mathematics to build a framework within which answers can be found to some of standard cosmological problems and physics theories on the basis of time non-homogeneity.

S. Davood Sadatian

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

300

TIMELY WARNING CAMPUS ALERT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIMELY WARNING CAMPUS ALERT 13 September 2007 This communication is prepared as part of the Timely of 1990. This federal law requires a general communication to the campus community of all crimes reported. Consider carefully whether your presence at or near the Lancaster Green Apartments while unaccompanied

Hardy, Christopher R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Mixed valency and site-preference chemistry for cerium and its compounds: A predictive density-functional theory study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cerium and its technologically relevant compounds are examples of anomalous mixed valency, originating from two competing oxidation statesitinerant Ce4+ and localized Ce3+. Under applied stress, anomalous transitions are observed but not well understood. Here we treat mixed valency as an alloy problem involving two valences with competing and numerous site-occupancy configurations. We use density-functional theory with Hubbard U (i.e., DFT+U) to evaluate the effective valence and predict properties, including controlling the valence by pseudoternary alloying. For Ce and its compounds, such as (Ce,La)2(Fe,Co)14B permanent magnets, we find a stable mixed-valent ? state near the spectroscopic value of ?s=3.53. Ce valency in compounds depends on its steric volume and local chemistry. For La doping, Ce valency shifts towards ?-like Ce3+, as expected from steric volume; for Co doping, valency depends on local Ce-site chemistry and steric volume. Our approach captures the key origins of anomalous valency and site-preference chemistry in complex compounds.

Alam, Aftab [Ames Laboratory; Johnson, Duane D. [Ames Laboratory

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Kairoscope : coordinating time socially  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

If everyone says time is relative, why is it still so rigidly defined? There have been many attempts to address the issue of coordinating schedules, but each of these attempts runs into an issue of rigidity: in order to ...

Martin, Reed Eric

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

California's Shaking Next Time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ground along a road. Only 10 hours...expect that the design expertise lavished...architectural designs ofthat time as...the left. The pipelines, rail lines, and aqueducts crossing the San Andreas...block mountain roads. Forty-six...

RICHARD A. KERR

1982-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

304

A support vector machine (SVM) for predicting preferred treatment position in radiotherapy of patients with breast cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: NYU 05-181 protocol compared the CT simulation in both supine and prone positions for 400 patients with breast cancer (200 left-breast and 200 right-breast) to identify which setup is better at sparing heart and lung involvement in the treatment process. The results demonstrated that all right-breast patients benefited from the prone treatment position, while for left-breast patients, 85% were better treated prone and 15% were better treated supine. Using the clinical data collected from this protocol, the authors aimed at developing an automated tool capable of identifying which of the left-breast cancer patients are better treated supine without obtaining a second CT scan in the supine position. Methods: Prone CT scans from 198 of the 200 left-breast cancer patients enrolled in NYU 05-181 protocol were deidentified and exported to a dedicated research planning workstation. Three-dimensional geometric features of the organs at risk and tumor bed were extracted. A two-stage classifier was used to classify patients into the prone class or the supine class. In the first stage, the authors use simple thresholding to divide the patients into two groups based on their in-field heart volume. For patients with in-field heart volume {<=}0.1 cc, the prone position was chosen as the preferred treatment position. Patients with in-field heart volume >0.1 cc will be further classified in the second stage by a weighted support vector machine (SVM). The weight parameters of the SVM were adjusted to maximize the specificity [true-supine/(true-supine+false-prone)] at the cost of lowering but still maintaining reasonable sensitivity [true-prone/(true-prone+false-supine)]. The authors used K-fold cross validations to test the performance of the SVM classifier. A feature selection algorithm was also used to identify features that give the best classification performance. Results: After the first stage, 49 of the 198 left-breast cancer patients were found to have >0.1 cc of in-field heart volume. The three geometric features of heart orientation, distance between heart and tumor, and in-field lung were selected by the feature selection algorithm in the second stage of the two-stage classifier to give the best predefined weighted accuracy. The overall sensitivity and specificity of the proposed method were found to be 90.4% and 99.3%, respectively. Using two-stage classification, the authors reduced the proportion of prone-treated patients that need a second supine CT scan down to 16.3/170 or 9.6%, as compared to 21/170 or 12.4% when the authors use only the first stage (thresholding) for classification. Conclusions: The authors' study showed that a feature-based classifier is feasible for predicting the preferred treatment position, based on features extracted from prone CT scans. The two-stage classifier achieved very high specificity at an acceptable expense of sensitivity.

Zhao Xuan; Wong, Edward K.; Wang Yao; Lymberis, Stella; Wen Bixiu; Formenti, Silvia; Chang Jenghwa [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, New York 11201 (United States); Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, New York 11201 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, Brooklyn, New York 11201 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080 (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

A Tat-grafted anti-nucleic acid antibody acquires nuclear-localization property and a preference for TAR RNA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: {yields} We generate '{sub H3}Tat-3D8' by grafting Tat{sub 48-60} peptide to VH CDR of 3D8 scFv antibody. {yields} {sub H3}Tat-3D8 antibody retains nucleic acid binding and hydrolyzing activities. {yields} {sub H3}Tat-3D8 acquires a preference for TAR RNA structure. {yields} Properties of Tat{sub 48-60} is transferred to an antibody via Tat-grafting into a CDR. -- Abstract: The 3D8 single chain variable fragment (3D8 scFv) is an anti-nucleic acid antibody that can hydrolyze nucleic acids and enter the cytosol of cells without reaching the nucleus. The Tat peptide, derived from the basic region of the HIV-1 Tat protein, translocates to cell nuclei and has TAR RNA binding activity. In this study, we generated a Tat-grafted antibody ({sub H3}Tat-3D8) by replacing complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) within the VH domain of the 3D8 scFv with a Tat{sub 48-60} peptide (GRKKRRQRRRPPQ). {sub H3}Tat-3D8 retained the DNA-binding and DNA-hydrolyzing activity of the scFv, and translocated to the nuclei of HeLa cells and preferentially recognized TAR RNA. Thus, the properties associated with the Tat peptide were transferred to the antibody via Tat-grafting without loss of the intrinsic DNA-binding and hydrolyzing activities of the 3D8 scFv antibody.

Jeong, Jong-Geun [Department of Microbiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, San 5, Woncheon-dong, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Microbiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, San 5, Woncheon-dong, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dong-Sik; Kim, Yong-Sung [Department of Molecular Science and Technology, Ajou University, San 5, Woncheon-dong, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Molecular Science and Technology, Ajou University, San 5, Woncheon-dong, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Myung-Hee, E-mail: kwonmh@ajou.ac.kr [Department of Microbiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, San 5, Woncheon-dong, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Microbiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, San 5, Woncheon-dong, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

306

Shades and Shade Controls : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Shades and Shade Controls Shades and Shade Controls Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Shades and Shade Controls The shades and shade controls scope of work is based upon the philosophy that occupants of commercial office buildings prefer natural light to electric light. The shade system goals for The New York Times Building are: Maximize natural light Maximize occupant connectivity with the outdoors, i.e. external views Intercept sunlight penetration so as to avoid direct solar radiation on the occupants

307

A meta-modeling simulation of structure abandonment timing decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An offshore oil and gas structure will be decommissioned and removed from service at the end of its productive life, depending upon operator preferences, legislative requirements, and strategic opportunities. The basic aim of decommissioning is to render all wells permanently safe and remove most, if not all, surface/seabed signs of production activity. The purpose of this paper is to characterize the timing decisions associated with abandoning offshore oil and gas structures. Three models are developed, ranging from a production-based forecast to a risked, net present value approach. Functions that describe how the age of the structure upon abandonment is related to system parameters is constructed using a meta-modeling simulation and illustrated on a generic field development scenario.

Mark J. Kaiser

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

America's Next Top Energy Innovator Runner-Up Presents Hydrogen...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

gas. The refinery capacity has always been a premium and down time in the oil and gas industry is always costly. Keeping equipment running and minimizing downtime is...

309

Thermal Efficiency Improvement While Meeting Emissions of 2007...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Thermal Efficiency Reaching 50% at 2010 Emissions Time Optimized Combustion; Increased FIS Flexibility; Premium EGR System; Turbocharger Matching; Diesel Particulate Filter NOx:...

310

Preferred orientation of nanoscale order at the surface of amorphous Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report evidence that as-deposited amorphous Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} thin films contain nanoscale clusters that exhibit a preferred orientation, attributed to the earliest stages of heterogeneous nucleation. Fluctuation transmission electron microscopy reveals structural order in the samples, but (220)-related contributions are suppressed. When homogeneous nucleation is promoted via electron bombardment, the sample remains diffraction amorphous but the (220) contribution appears. We simulated data for randomly oriented nanoscale order using ab initio molecular-dynamics models of Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5}. The simulated (220) contribution always has larger magnitude than higher-order signals; thus, the lack of the experimental signal indicates a significant preferred orientation.

Tony Li, Tian; Abelson, John R. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 W. Green St., Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 W. Green St., Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Coordinated Science Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1308 W. Main St., Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Hoon Lee, Tae; Elliott, Stephen R. [Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW (United Kingdom)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW (United Kingdom)

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

311

Informal and formal channels of communication preferred and used in the adoption of ranching practices by livestock producers in the state of Nuevo Leon of northeastern Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

livestock producer members was of paramount importance to this effort. Background Mexico?s livestock industry, as is the U.S. industry, has been under a great deal of internal and external pressure to change in order to stay competitive... INFORMAL AND FORMAL CHANNELS OF COMMUNICATION PREFERRED AND USED IN THE ADOPTION OF RANCHING PRACTICES BY LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS IN THE STATE OF NUEVO LE?N OF NORTHEASTERN MEXICO A Dissertation by WILLIAM LEE LAZENBY Submitted...

Lazenby, William Lee

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Probabilistic timed behavior trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Behavior Tree notation has been developed as a method for systematically and traceably capturing user requirements. In this paper we extend the notation with probabilistic behaviour, so that reliability, performance, and other dependability properties ... Keywords: behavior trees, model checking, probabilities, timed automata

Robert Colvin; Lars Grunske; Kirsten Winter

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Time reversal communication system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system of transmitting a signal through a channel medium comprises digitizing the signal, time-reversing the digitized signal, and transmitting the signal through the channel medium. The channel medium may be air, earth, water, tissue, metal, and/or non-metal.

Candy, James V. (Danville, CA); Meyer, Alan W. (Danville, CA)

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

314

Time-Encoded Imagers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a short overview of the DNN R&D funded project, Time-Encoded Imagers. The project began in FY11 and concluded in FY14. The Project Description below provides the overall motivation and objectives for the project as well as a summary of programmatic direction. It is followed by a short description of each task and the resulting deliverables.

Marleau, Peter; Brubaker, Erik

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Genepool Time Heatmaps  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Genepool Time Heatmaps Genepool Time Heatmaps Heatmap of Time and Slots Requested vs Time Waited (in hours) | Queue: All | Last 7 Days Time Requested Slots 1wk Job Count Longest Wait 1 23.0 (233) 0.37 (1819) 27.54 (49888) 5.85 (124593) 1.23 (39835) 0.34 (732) 0 0.4 (224) 0.02 (1) 217325 538.96 2 0 0.01 (19) 2.54 (78) 0.2 (140) 0.99 (2683) 0 0 0 0 2920 9.1 4 0.08 (1) 0 2.82 (141) 0.36 (143) 1.07 (12) 0.06 (5) 0.01 (5) 0.06 (1) 1.3 (5) 313 20.48 6 0.01 (2) 0 0.09 (32) 0.07 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 35 1.22 8 0.04 (24) 4.32 (7423) 5.31 (1999) 0.53 (316) 13.14 (2486) 0.01 (2) 1.21 (88) 1.3 (34) 8.33 (68) 12440 46.16 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.56 (1) 0 1 8.56 16 0 0 0 0.03 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.03 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 (1) 1 0.01 32 0 0 0 0.04 (14) 0 0 0 0.01 (6) 0 20 0.26

316

STOPPING TIMES IN QUANTUM MECHANICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Stinespring, Kraus). 3". Time-dependant case General time evolution of an open quantum sys- tem = (Pt)t0

Attal, Stéphane

317

Nexant Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plant Systems Analysis; Task 1: Preferred Plant Size, 20 January 2005 - 31 December 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rankine cycles for commercial parabolic trough solar projects range in capacity from 13.5 MWe at the Solar Electric Generating Station I (SEGS I) plant, to a maximum of 89 MWe at the SEGS VIII/IX plants. The series of SEGS projects showed a consistent reduction in the levelized energy cost due to a combination of improvements in collector field technology and economies of scale in both the Rankine cycle and the operation and maintenance costs. Nonetheless, the question of the optimum Rankine cycle capacity remains an open issue. The capacities of the SEGS VIII/IX plants were limited by Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and Public Utility Regulatory Policy Act requirements to a maximum net output of 80 MWe. Further improvements in the Rankine cycle efficiency, and economies of scale in both the capital and the operating cost, should be available at larger plant sizes. An analysis was conducted to determine the effect of Rankine cycle capacities greater than 80 MWe on the levelized energy cost. The study was conducted through the following steps: (1) Three gross cycle capacities of 88 MWe, 165 MWe, and 220 MWe were selected. (2) Three Rankine cycle models were developed using the GateCycle program. The models were based on single reheat turbine cycles, with main steam conditions of 1,450 lb{sub f}/in{sup 2} and 703 F, and reheat steam conditions of 239 lb{sub f}/in{sup 2} and 703 F. The feedwater heater system consisted of 5 closed heaters and 1 open deaerating heater. The design condenser pressure was 2.5 in. HgA. (3) The optimization function within Excelergy was used to determine the preferred solar multiple for each plant. Two cases were considered for each plant: (a) a solar-only project without thermal storage, and (b) a solar-fossil hybrid project, with 3 hours of thermal storage and a heat transport fluid heater fired by natural gas. (4) For each of the 6 cases, collector field geometries, heat transport fluid pressure losses, and heat transport pump power requirements were calculated with a field piping optimization model. (5) Annual electric energy outputs, capital costs, and annual operating costs were calculated for each case using the default methods within Excelergy, from which estimates of the levelized energy costs were developed. The plant with the lowest energy cost was considered the optimum.

Kelly, B.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Rick Grush Brain time and phenomenological time (draft) Page 1/37 Brain time and phenomenological time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rick Grush Brain time and phenomenological time (draft) Page 1/37 Brain time and phenomenological "forthwith" in a common structure. - Edmund Husserl, Phenomenology of Inner Time Consciousness1 1 time and phenomenological time (draft) Page 2/37 information-processing structure that accounts

Grush, Rick

319

Tevatron injection timing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bunched beam transfer from one accelerator to another requires coordination and synchronization of many ramped devices. During collider operation timing issues are more complicated since one has to switch from proton injection devices to antiproton injection devices. Proton and antiproton transfers are clearly distinct sequences since protons and antiprotons circulate in opposite directions in the Main Ring (MR) and in the Tevatron. The time bumps are different, the kicker firing delays are different, the kickers and lambertson magnets are different, etc. Antiprotons are too precious to be used for tuning purposes, therefore protons are transferred from the Tevatron back into the Main Ring, tracing the path of antiprotons backwards. This tuning operation is called ``reverse injection.`` Previously, the reverse injection was handled in one supercycle. One batch of uncoalesced bunches was injected into the Tevatron and ejected after 40 seconds. Then the orbit closure was performed in the MR. In the new scheme the lambertson magnets have to be moved and separator polarities have to be switched, activities that cannot be completed in one supercycle. Therefore, the reverse injection sequence was changed. This involved the redefinition of TVBS clock event $D8 as MRBS $D8 thus making it possible to inject 6 proton batches (or coalesced bunches) and eject them one at a time on command, performing orbit closure each time in the MR. Injection devices are clock event driven. The TCLK is used as the reference clock. Certain TCLK events are triggered by the MR beam synchronized clock (MRBS) events. Some delays are measured in terms of MRBS ticks and MR revolutions. See Appendix A for a brief description of the beam synchronized clocks.

Saritepe, S.; Annala, G.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Cultural Creativity in Design Strategy: A Case Study of Users Preference of a Bird-Shaped Teapot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The bionic design has become an important creative tool in the time of "perceptual consumption". Although the systematized concept and method for bionic design matured late as 1960s, but in essence it is an impor...

Chi-Chang Lu; Po-Hsien Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

Exploiting VERITAS Timing Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 499 pixel photomultiplier cameras of the VERITAS gamma ray telescopes are instrumented with 500MHz sampling Flash ADCs. This paper describes a preliminary investigation of the best methods by which to exploit this information so as to optimize the signal-to-noise ratio for the detection of Cherenkov light pulses. The FADCs also provide unprecedented resolution for the study of the timing characteristics of Cherenkov images of cosmic-ray and gamma-ray air showers. This capability is discussed, together with the implications for gamma-hadron separation.

J. Holder; for the VERITAS Collaboration

2005-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

322

Invariant time-series factorization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time-series analysis is an important domain of machine learning and a plethora of methods have been developed for the task. This paper proposes a new representation of time series, which in contrast to existing approaches, decomposes a time-series dataset ... Keywords: Data mining, Time-series classification, Time-series factorization

Josif Grabocka; Lars Schmidt-Thieme

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Lighting Controls : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lighting Controls Lighting Controls Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Lighting Controls The lighting controls scope of work is based upon the philosophy that occupants of commercial office buildings prefer natural light to electric light. The lighting controls system specified by the Times Company for its new headquarters building is a DALI (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) based system with dimmable fixtures throughout the interior space. This allows the system to dim down the electric lighting in response to daylight admittance. It also provides for variable target set points for illuminance levels at the work plane. The Times Company intends to establish and adjust target set points on a departmental basis. The lighting control sequences are described within the specification 16575. These sequences utilize occupancy sensors, photo sensors, switches and a time clock to control the lighting in the interior space on each floor. The emergency lighting system is also described within the specification. The lighting control sequences are tied to Control Intent Diagrams that divide up the space on each floor into its various control zones. The overall intent is to provide electric light only when the space is occupied and to provide as little electric light as is necessary to achieve the target set point for the work plane in a given department. A department usually occupies multiple floors.

324

Evaluation of Potato Psyllid, Bactericera Cockerelli (Sulc) (Hemiptera: Triozidae), Host Preferences, Adaptation, Behavior, and Transmission of 'Candidatus Liberibacter Solanacearum' among Wild and Cultivated Solanaceous Hosts in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Host plant preferences of the potato psyllid B. cockerelli among wild and cultivated solanaceous hosts in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas, and transmission of the endosymbiotic bacterial pathogen, Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (Lso...

Thinakaran, Jenita

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

325

Real time automated inspection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus relating to the real time automatic detection and classification of characteristic type surface imperfections occurring on the surfaces of material of interest such as moving hot metal slabs produced by a continuous steel caster. A data camera transversely scans continuous lines of such a surface to sense light intensities of scanned pixels and generates corresponding voltage values. The voltage values are converted to corresponding digital values to form a digital image of the surface which is subsequently processed to form an edge-enhanced image having scan lines characterized by intervals corresponding to the edges of the image. The edge-enhanced image is thresholded to segment out the edges and objects formed by the edges are segmented out by interval matching and bin tracking. Features of the objects are derived and such features are utilized to classify the objects into characteristic type surface imperfections.

Fant, Karl M. (Minneapolis, MN); Fundakowski, Richard A. (Saint Paul, MN); Levitt, Tod S. (Minneapolis, MN); Overland, John E. (Plymouth, MN); Suresh, Bindinganavle R. (New Brighton, MN); Ulrich, Franz W. (Minneapolis, MN)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Real time automated inspection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are described relating to the real time automatic detection and classification of characteristic type surface imperfections occurring on the surfaces of material of interest such as moving hot metal slabs produced by a continuous steel caster. A data camera transversely scans continuous lines of such a surface to sense light intensities of scanned pixels and generates corresponding voltage values. The voltage values are converted to corresponding digital values to form a digital image of the surface which is subsequently processed to form an edge-enhanced image having scan lines characterized by intervals corresponding to the edges of the image. The edge-enhanced image is thresholded to segment out the edges and objects formed by the edges by interval matching and bin tracking. Features of the objects are derived and such features are utilized to classify the objects into characteristic type surface imperfections. 43 figs.

Fant, K.M.; Fundakowski, R.A.; Levitt, T.S.; Overland, J.E.; Suresh, B.R.; Ulrich, F.W.

1985-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

Time encoded radiation imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The various technologies presented herein relate to detecting nuclear material at a large stand-off distance. An imaging system is presented which can detect nuclear material by utilizing time encoded imaging relating to maximum and minimum radiation particle counts rates. The imaging system is integrated with a data acquisition system that can utilize variations in photon pulse shape to discriminate between neutron and gamma-ray interactions. Modulation in the detected neutron count rates as a function of the angular orientation of the detector due to attenuation of neighboring detectors is utilized to reconstruct the neutron source distribution over 360 degrees around the imaging system. Neutrons (e.g., fast neutrons) and/or gamma-rays are incident upon scintillation material in the imager, the photons generated by the scintillation material are converted to electrical energy from which the respective neutrons/gamma rays can be determined and, accordingly, a direction to, and the location of, a radiation source identified.

Marleau, Peter; Brubaker, Erik; Kiff, Scott

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

328

Analysis of influence of fuel price on individual activity-travel time expenditure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fluctuation in fuel prices may lead to adaptations in people?s activity-travel behavior. Compared to other triggers of behavioral change, the impact of fuel prices has received only scant attention in the literature, especially with respect to short-run change in activity-travel behavior. To gain insight into this issue, travel diaries of a representative sample of individuals in the Netherlands who use the car for daily travel were analyzed. Seemingly unrelated regression analysis was used to examine the effects of fuel price on people?s travel time expenditures for different kinds of activities, differentiating between weekdays and weekends. The results indicate that fuel price is negatively correlated with travel time expenditures by car, and that this relationship differs between weekdays and weekends. When faced with increasing fuel prices, people seem to prefer reducing travel time expenditure by car for compulsory trips more than for leisure trips.

Dujuan Yang; Harry Timmermans

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

SLH Timing Belt Powertrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of this proposal was to develop and test a novel powertrain solution for the SLH hydroEngine?, a low-cost, efficient low-head hydropower technology. Nearly two-thirds of U.S. renewable electricity is produced by hydropower (EIA 2010). According to the U.S. Department of Energy; this amount could be increased by 50% with small hydropower plants, often using already-existing dams (Hall 2004). There are more than 80,000 existing dams, and of these, less than 4% generate power (Blankinship 2009). In addition, there are over 800 irrigation districts in the U.S., many with multiple, non-power, low-head drops. These existing, non-power dams and irrigation drops could be retrofitted to produce distributed, baseload, renewable energy with appropriate technology. The problem is that most existing dams are low-head, or less than 30 feet in height (Ragon 2009). Only about 2% of the available low-head hydropower resource in the U.S. has been developed, leaving more than 70 GW of annual mean potential low-head capacity untapped (Hall 2004). Natel Energy, Inc. is developing a low-head hydropower turbine that operates efficiently at heads less than 6 meters and is cost-effective for deployment across multiple low-head structures. Because of the unique racetrack-like path taken by the prime-movers in the SLH, a flexible powertrain is required. Historically, the only viable technological solution was roller chain. Despite the having the ability to easily attach blades, roller chain is characterized by significant drawbacks, including high cost, wear, and vibration from chordal action. Advanced carbon-#12;fiber-reinforced timing belts have been recently developed which, coupled with a novel belt attachment system developed by Natel Energy, result in a large reduction in moving parts, reduced mass and cost, and elimination of chordal action for increased fatigue life. The work done in this project affirmatively addressed each of the following 3 major uncertainties concerning a timing-belt based hydroEngine ?powertrain: 1. Can a belt handle the high torques and power loads demanded by the SLH? (Yes.) 2. Can the SLH blades be mounted to belt with a connection that can withstand the loads encountered in operation? (Yes.) 3. Can the belt, with blade attachments, live through the required cyclic loading? (Yes.) The research adds to the general understanding of sustainable small hydropower systems by using innovative system testing to develop and demonstrate performance of a novel powertrain solution, enabling a new type of hydroelectric turbine to be commercially developed. The technical effectiveness of the methods investigated has been shown to be positive through an extensive design and testing process accommodating many constraints and goals, with a major emphasis on high cycle fatigue life. Economic feasibility of the innovations has been demonstrated through many iterations of design for manufacturability and cost reduction. The project is of benefit to the public because it has helped to develop a solution to a major problem -- despite the large available potential for new low-head hydropower, high capital costs and high levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) continue to be major barriers to project development. The hydroEngine? represents a significant innovation, leveraging novel fluid mechanics and mechanical configuration to allow lower-cost turbine manufacture and development of low head hydropower resources.

Schneider, Abe

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

330

First-passage-time problems in time-aware networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First passage time or the first time that a stochastic process crosses a boundary is a random variable whose probability distribution is sought in engineering, statistics, finance, and other disciplines. The probability ...

Suwansantisuk, Watcharapan, 1978-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Dust time in quantum cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a formulation of quantum cosmology with a pressureless dust and arbitrary additional matter fields. The dust provides a natural time gauge corresponding to a cosmic time, yielding a physical time independent Hamiltonian. The approach simplifies the analysis of both Wheeler-deWitt and loop quantum cosmology models, broadening the applicability of the latter.

Husain, Viqar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A prospective randomized multicenter clinical trial of the Provox2 and Groningen Ultra Low Resistance voice prostheses in the rehabilitation of post-laryngectomy patients: A lifetime and preference study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary To prospectively study patients preference for and the lifetime of the Groningen Ultra Low Resistance (GULR) and Provox2 tracheo-esophageal shunt prosthesis (TESP, plural TESPs) in post-laryngectomy patients. Eighty post-laryngectomy patients were included in 4 oncological centers in the Netherlands. We used a repeated measures design study with 4 randomized groups in a partial cross-over design using 3 consecutive \\{TESPs\\} (3 intervals) in different orders. (Group 1: GULR-GULR-GULR; Group 2: GULR-GULR-Provox2; Group 3: Provox2-Provox2-GULR; and Group 4: Provox2- Provox2-Provox2). Replacement dates and reasons for replacement were monitored with questionnaires as were patients preferences for GULR or Provox2. A great variability of lifetime within and between groups was seen. Mean lifetimes found (all groups and intervals added) were 106.2 and 102.7days, and median lifetimes were 76 and 65days for GULR and Provox2, respectively. Lifetime showed no significant differences between groups, intervals, and TESP types. Many patients dropped out due to reasons having to do with GULR-characteristics (n=21). The main dropout reason was high phonating resistance (HPR) (57.1%). Only 10 patients preferred GULR. A significantly larger number of patients (n=39, 79.6%) preferred Provox2 either by choice or by dropping out due to GULR-characteristics (P<0.001). The main replacement reasons were leakage though TESP (GULR 59.1%, Provox2 52.1%) and HPR (GULR 15.9%, Provox2 12.7%). No significant differences in lifetime between GULR and Provox2 were found. The patients preference for Provox2 was significant (P<0.001). Patients preference was a more important outcome measurement in TESP effectiveness than device lifetime.

Kim Harms; Wendy J. Post; Klaas T. van de Laan; Frank J.A. van den Hoogen; Simone E.J. Eerenstein; Bernard F.A.M. van der Laan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Subsystem real-time Time Dependent Density Functional Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the extension of Frozen Density Embedding (FDE) theory to real-time Time Dependent Density Functional Theory (rt-TDDFT). FDE a is DFT-in-DFT embedding method that allows to partition a larger Kohn-Sham system into a set of smaller, coupled Kohn-Sham systems. Additional to the computational advantage, FDE provides physical insight into the properties of embedded systems and the coupling interactions between them. The extension to rt-TDDFT is done straightforwardly by evolving the Kohn-Sham subsystems in time simultaneously, while updating the embedding potential between the systems at every time step. Two main applications are presented: the explicit excitation energy transfer in real time between subsystems is demonstrated for the case of the Na$_4$ cluster and the effect of the embedding on optical spectra of coupled chromophores. In particular, the importance of including the full dynamic response in the embedding potential is demonstrated.

Krishtal, Alisa; Pavanello, Michele

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

EMSL - time-of-flight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

time-flight en Physical Properties of Ambient and Laboratory-Generated Secondary Organic Aerosol. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationsphysical-properties-ambient-and-labor...

335

The effect of congestion location on motorists' propensity to divert in response to real-time information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the motorists who preferred the arterial, Greenville Avenue, to the Dallas North Tollway (DNT) was more traffic on the access to DNT. The other most important reason was it's proximity to the on the access to DNT. The other most important reason was it...'s proximity to the NCE. The motorists who reported lower time savings thresholds for the DNT than Greenville Avenue cited the existence of traffic signals and interrupted flow of traffic on Greenville. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This thesis research was part...

Jeyapaul, Anand

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

336

Time for money? Prathap Haridoss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time for money? Prathap Haridoss "The more money you earn, the less time you will have to spend, you have to keep enquiring around. To get the maximum money that you possibly can get, you can't just `get a salary', you have to actively work towards increasing your income. Making money can be a full

Krishnapura, Nagendra

337

Electric Time in Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective quantum cosmology is formulated with a realistic global internal time given by the electric vector potential. New possibilities for the quantum behavior of space-time are found, and the high-density regime is shown to be very sensitive to the specific form of state realized.

Stephon Alexander; Martin Bojowald; Antonino Marciano; David Simpson

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

Cosmological Significance of Time Reversal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... reversal at nearly the same time, that time being coincident with the occurrence of the Schwarzschild singularity, that is, the point at which the limiting radius, R = GM/ ... increases it would seem that a phenomenon not dissimilar to the spherical gravitational collapse of Schwarzschild will inevitably commence. This phenomenon depends on the relative velocity, and thus the position ...

KARY MULLIS

1968-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

339

Beam Time Allocation Committee (BAC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Time Allocation Committee (BAC) Time Allocation Committee (BAC) Charter Purpose: Allocates general user beam time by instrument to promote diverse and high- impact science and a broad-based user community to meet DOE and NSSD goals. Participants: BAC Chair (appointed by NSSD Director), Instrument Group Leaders, User Office Schedule: Tied to proposal calls - expected to meet at least 2 times/year with meetings scheduled about 6 weeks after the proposal call has closed and at least 1 month prior to scheduled operations. Process: 1. Instrument Group Leaders (with group members): a. Confirm feasibility (equipment requirements and instrument capabilities) and safe operations b. Review amount of beam time requested and adjust as needed with consideration for instrument and sample environment availability.

340

Reprint your 1098T Education Tax Credit form and set your preference for delivery of the form. First you need to determine if you have elected to receive financial information online this is called E  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reprint your 1098T Education Tax Credit form and set your preference for delivery of the form the selection "Tax Information" Click the arrow next to the box to complete the action. The page 1098T" link to open the completed tax form. Please be sure you have popup blockers turned off

Taylor, Jerry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

x.0 Handling of White SVT Cables (SVT Excess Cables) before and during Withdrawing of Endcap In general we (UC Santa Cruz) prefer to do all handling of the white SVT cables necessary to withdraw and reinsert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13 x.0 Handling of White SVT Cables (SVT Excess Cables) before and during Withdrawing of Endcap In general we (UC Santa Cruz) prefer to do all handling of the white SVT cables necessary to withdraw@scipp.ucsc.edu, office in SC: (831) 459­3337 , extn. at SLAC: 8561. The white SVT cables consist of two parts

California at Santa Cruz, University of

342

Random time series in astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Thomas J. Maccarone Random time series in astronomy Simon Vaughan e-mail: simon.vaughan@leicester.ac.uk X-ray and Observational Astronomy Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Hard Times in Uranium Enrichment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...either advanced centrifuges or an entirely...of an advanced centrifuge with three times...in the summer of 1985. If DOE chooses...with the advanced centrifuge, the new machines...decisions." But John Longenecker, the head of the...

COLIN NORMAN

1984-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

344

January 2008 Y-12 Times  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

January 2008 www.y12.doe.govnewsy12times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 Managing Editor Melissa Leinart 865-574-1621 (6ml) Associate Editors Amy Alley Heidi Spurling...

345

Travel Time Forecasting Lyngby 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

part of a new real-time traffic reporting system. This system is in the pipeline in the framework steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 7.4 Data cleaning, repair and aggregation

346

Time Machine at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, black hole and brane production at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has been widely discussed. We suggest that there is a possibility to test causality at the LHC. We argue that if the scale of quantum gravity is of the order of few TeVs, proton-proton collisions at the LHC could lead to the formation of time machines (spacetime regions with closed timelike curves) which violate causality. One model for the time machine is a traversable wormhole. We argue that the traversable wormhole production cross section at the LHC is of the same order as the cross section for the black hole production. Traversable wormholes assume violation of the null energy condition (NEC) and an exotic matter similar to the dark energy is required. Decay of the wormholes/time machines and signatures of time machine events at the LHC are discussed.

I. Ya. Aref'eva; I. V. Volovich

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

Geothermal Exploration Cost and Time  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energys Geothermal Technology Office (GTO) provides RD&D funding for geothermal exploration technologies with the goal of lowering the risks and costs of geothermal development and exploration. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) was tasked with developing a metric in 2012 to measure the impacts of this RD&D funding on the cost and time required for exploration activities. The development of this cost and time metric included collecting cost and time data for exploration techniques, creating a baseline suite of exploration techniques to which future exploration cost and time improvements can be compared, and developing an online tool for graphically showing potential project impacts (all available at http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway: Geothermal). This paper describes the methodology used to define the baseline exploration suite of techniques (baseline), as well as the approach that was used to create the cost and time data set that populates the baseline. The resulting product, an online tool for measuring impact, and the aggregated cost and time data are available on the Open Energy Information website (OpenEI, http://en.openei.org) for public access. - Published 01/01/2013 by US National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL.

Scott Jenne

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

348

A comparative evaluation of household preferences for solar photovoltaic standalone and mini-grid system: An empirical study in a costal village of Indian Sundarban  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar PhotoVoltaic (SPV) based systems have been widely accepted technology for rural electrification in developing countries. The standalone SPV home lighting system has increasingly been popular among rural households, while SPV mini-grid supply system is being promoted for rural electrification schemes. This study uses data from household survey to explore the impact of household characteristics on the preference for electrical energy from SPV systems. Econometric evidence shows heterogeneity in behavioural pattern for these two SPV systems. The flexibility in use and cost of systems might explain this difference. Household characteristics such as monthly household income, household size, occupational status of household head, number of room and type of house significantly influence households decision for SPV standalone home lighting systems. For SPV mini-grid supply households income and monthly expenditure on kerosene are significant predictors. The result reported in this paper might be a valuable input for policy makers to frame right policy mix with regard to provide subsidy on rural electrification programmes.

Amit K. Bhandari; Chinmoy Jana

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Reduction in maximum time uncertainty of paired time signals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Reduction in the maximum time uncertainty (t/sub max/ - t/sub min/) of a series of paired time signals t/sub 1/ and t/sub 2/ varying between two input terminals and representative of a series of single events where t/sub 1/ less than or equal to t/sub 2/ and t/sub 1/ + t/sub 2/ equals a constant, is carried out with a circuit utilizing a combination of OR and AND gates as signal selecting means and one or more time delays to increase the minimum value (t/sub min/) of the first signal t/sub 1/ closer to t/sub max/ and thereby reduce the difference. The circuit may utilize a plurality of stages to reduce the uncertainty by factors of 20 to 800.

Theodosiou, G.E.; Dawson, J.W.

1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

350

On Time in Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although time measurements are routinely performed in laboratories, their theoretical description is still an open problem. Correspondingly, the status of the energy-time uncertainty relation is unsettled. In the first part of this work the necessity of positive operator valued measures (POVM) as descriptions of every quantum experiment is reviewed, as well as the suggestive role played by the probability current in time measurements. Furthermore, it is shown that no POVM exists, which approximately agrees with the probability current on a very natural set of wave functions; nevertheless, the choice of the set is crucial, and on more restrictive sets the probability current does provide a good arrival time prediction. Some ideas to experimentally detect quantum effects in time measurements are discussed. In the second part of the work the energy-time uncertainty relation is considered, in particular for a model of alpha decay for which the variance of the energy can be calculated explicitly, and the variance of time can be estimated. This estimate is tight for systems with long lifetimes, in which case the uncertainty relation is shown to be satisfied. Also the linewidth-lifetime relation is shown to hold, but contrary to the common expectation, it is found that the two relations behave independently, and therefore it is not possible to interpret one as a consequence of the other. To perform the mentioned analysis quantitative scattering estimates are necessary. To this end, bounds of the form $\\|1_Re^{-iHt}\\psi\\|_2^2 \\leq C t^{-3}$ have been derived, where $\\psi$ denotes the initial state, $H$ the Hamiltonian, $R$ a positive constant, and $C$ is explicitly known. As intermediate step, bounds on the derivatives of the $S$-matrix in the form $\\|1_K S^{(n)}\\|_\\infty \\leq C_{n,K} $ have been established, with $n=1,2,3$, and the constants $C_{n,K}$ explicitly known.

Nicola Vona

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

351

Revised Feb, 2013 Veterans' Preference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to January 31, 1955. Vietnam Era - February 28, 1961 to May 7, 1975. Persian Gulf War ­ August 2, 1990

Wu, Shin-Tson

352

SQAS Preferred Practices Final Version  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Quality Report SQAS97-001 Quality Report SQAS97-001 Guidelines for Software Measurement April 1997 Software Quality Assurance Subcommittee of the Nuclear Weapons Complex Quality Managers United States Department of Energy Albuquerque Operations Office Abstract This document defines a core set of four software measures that can be used within any software organization to characterize a software project and to improve software project processes and products. The core measures are size, effort, progress to schedule, and defects. These measures support organization requirements for attaining the Software Engineering Institute's Capability Maturity Model Levels 2 and 3. This document also describes actions for establishing a software measurement program, integrating software measurement with software process improvement, and

353

Time-lapse gravity inversion with an active time constraint  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......J. Zhang 1 D.D. Werkema 5 1 Department of Geophysics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA. E-mail: arevil...We applied the time-lapse inversion algorithm to a water-flood and secondary oil recovery experiment in which water was injected......

M. Karaoulis; A. Revil; B. Minsley; M. Todesco; J. Zhang; D.D. Werkema

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

May 2008 Y-12 Times  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 May 2008 www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 Managing Editor Melissa Leinart 865-574-1621 (6ml) Associate Editors Amy Alley Heidi Spurling Layout/Design Lisa Harris Contributors Ellen Boatner Ken Davis Kathy Fahey Stuart Hames Sharon McConathy Patrick McCoy I N S I D E Page 3 Fire department members come to the rescue Page 4 Driving green to protect our natural resources Page 5 73s: Best regards from Y-12's hams Page8 What's the secret? Mary Murray Brett Pate Ray Smith Donna Watson Bill Wilburn Lisa Xiques times times the B&W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, a partnership between Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc. and Bechtel National Inc., operates the Y-12 National Security Complex. When you see information regarding the recent Voluntary Separation Payment

355

Tough Times for the Muskrats  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tough Times for the Muskrats Tough Times for the Muskrats Nature Bulletin No. 3 February 24, 1945 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Clayton F Smith, President Roberts Mann, Superintendent of Conservation TOUGH TIMES FOR THE MUSKRATS This has been a sorry year for the muskrats. The long drought, last summer and fall, dried up many of the smaller marshes and ponds where they had been living and forced them to migrate overland to new homes. Many undoubtedly were killed while enroute by mink, hawks, or dogs. Even the larger marshes and ponds were made smaller and more shallow by the drought and now this severe winter, with its long, bitter cold, has caused many of them to freeze solid to the very bottom; thus sealing the muskrats up in their lodges and preventing them from swimming around under the ice to get food.

356

Time-Off Awards Scale  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

/1/2010 /1/2010 TIME OFF AWARD SCALE The following chart is recommended and should be used unless another time-off award scale has been adopted by the servicing human resources office. TIME OFF SCALE VALUE OF THE EMPLOYEE'S CONTRIBUTION HOURS TO BE AWARDED MODERATE - A contribution to a product, program or service to the public which is of sufficient value to merit formal recognition. Beneficial change or modification of operating principles or procedures. 1 - 10 Hours SUBSTANTIAL - An important contribution to the value of a product, activity, program or service to the public. Significant change or modification or operating principles or procedures. 11 - 20 Hours HIGH - A significant contribution to the value of a product, activity, program or service to

357

The Broken Symmetry of Time  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper seeks to clarify features of time asymmetry in terms of symmetry breaking. It is observed that, in general, a contingent situation or event requires the breaking of an underlying symmetry. The distinction between the universal anisotropy of temporal processes and the irreversibility of certain physical processes is clarified. It is also proposed that the Transactional Interpretation of quantum mechanics offers an effective way to explain general thermodynamic asymmetry in terms of the time asymmetry of radiation, where prior such efforts have fallen short.

Kastner, Ruth E. [Department of Philosophy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

358

Last Time... on the website  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will block until the command finishes netscape & #12;Complex Commands · The shell's power is in its abilityLast Time... on the website #12;Lecture 6 Shell Scripting #12;What is a shell? · The user interface programming language · A program like any other ­ This is why there are so many shells #12;Shell History

Mohri, Mehryar

359

Time for State Bicycle Helmet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time for State Bicycle Helmet Legislation? ?? Jon Roesler, MS Ayo Adeniyi, MBBS, MPH Mark Kinde is the most bike- friendly city in the U.S. in Y2010 #12;#12;Minneapolis is #1 Bike City Bicycling.com list? · Bicycle helmets reduce head injuries and deaths by up to 85%* · If each rider wore a helmet one death per

Minnesota, University of

360

Mar_13Times.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MARCH 2013 MARCH 2013 inside this issue ... FIRP draws to a close Page 2 Reminisce: Y-12 turns 70 Page 4 Russia's secret city Page 5 Development retools its CONOPS Page 6 ... and other Y-12 news Miss an issue? Find us online, http://www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php MISSION, cont. on pg. 2 The National Nuclear Security Administration's Performance Evaluation Report for B&W Y-12, released Feb. 11, gave "Very Good" ratings to B&W Y-12 in areas related to all three core missions: maintaining the nuclear weapons stockpile, powering the nuclear Navy and nonproliferation. The report evaluates B&W Y-12's performance based on the Performance Evaluation Plan approved at the beginning of fi scal 2012. Programs The Y-12 Times highlighted the success of fi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

High resolution time interval meter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus are provided for measuring the time interval between two events to a higher resolution than reliability available from conventional circuits and component. An internal clock pulse is provided at a frequency compatible with conventional component operating frequencies for reliable operation. Lumped constant delay circuits are provided for generating outputs at delay intervals corresponding to the desired high resolution. An initiation START pulse is input to generate first high resolution data. A termination STOP pulse is input to generate second high resolution data. Internal counters count at the low frequency internal clock pulse rate between the START and STOP pulses. The first and second high resolution data are logically combined to directly provide high resolution data to one counter and correct the count in the low resolution counter to obtain a high resolution time interval measurement.

Martin, A.D.

1986-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

362

Eating behaviors, food preferences and health locus of control in obese and overweight women before and after participation in an obesity treatment program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Club in Central Texas. Data collection included socioeconomic and medical variables and dietary assessment through a food record and food frequency questionnaire. The Confirmatory Factor Analysis Lau-Ware Health Locus of Control Scale was used... OF LAU-WARE LOCUS OF CONTROL SCALE IX VITA 83 86 88 90 92 V111 LIST OF TABLES Paqe 1. Characteristics cf obese and control groups at Time 1 and Time -8 Amount of selected foods eaten per week by the obese and cr ntrol groups at Time 1...

Ebner, Elizabeth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

363

This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-3390, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 17 August 2007 Received in revised form 5 December exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are the most preferred and efficient energy conversion devices for automotive applications but demand high purity hydrogen which comes at a premium price. The currently pursued

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

364

Global Warming in Geologic Time  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The notion is pervasive in the climate science community and in the public at large that the climate impacts of fossil fuel CO2 release will only persist for a few centuries. This conclusion has no basis in theory or models of the atmosphere / ocean carbon cycle, which we review here. The largest fraction of the CO2 recovery will take place on time scales of centuries, as CO2 invades the ocean, but a significant fraction of the fossil fuel CO2, ranging in published models in the literature from 20-60%, remains airborne for a thousand years or longer. Ultimate recovery takes place on time scales of hundreds of thousands of years, a geologic longevity typically associated in public perceptions with nuclear waste. The glacial / interglacial climate cycles demonstrate that ice sheets and sea level respond dramatically to millennial-timescale changes in climate forcing. There are also potential positive feedbacks in the carbon cycle, including methane hydrates in the ocean, and peat frozen in permafrost, that are most sensitive to the long tail of the fossil fuel CO2 in the atmosphere.

David Archer

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

365

dec11-Times.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 December 2011 www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 W H A T ' S I N S I D E Page 2 Governance Transformation at Y-12 Page 3 Employees bring benefi ts to life Pages 4 and 5 A healthy start to 2012 Page 6 A visit from Christmas past Page 8 Have a plan - just in case B&W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, a partnership between Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc. and Bechtel National Inc., operates the Y-12 National Security Complex. A newsletter for employees and friends of the Y-12 National Security Complex Managing Editors Amy Alley: alleyab@y12.doe.gov Heidi Spurling: spurlinghw@y12.doe.gov Layout Lisa Harris Contributors Mary Bryant Ellen Boatner Ashley Douglas Kathy Fahey Scott Fraker John Holbrook David Keim Terry Marlar Jill McNutt

366

jul10_Times.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 July 2010 www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 W H A T ' S I N S I D E Page 2 Want to know about Y-12's budget? Read what Darrel Kohlhorst said. Page 3 Y-12 employees get a LIFE Center Pages 4 and 5 Safeguards, Security and Emergency Services' Sentinel Page 6 Employees raise money for Relay for Life Page 8 Refl ections of Y-12's history B&W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, a partnership between Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc. and Bechtel National Inc., operates the Y-12 National Security Complex. A newsletter for employees and friends of the Y-12 National Security Complex Managing Editors Amy Alley: alleyab@y12.doe.gov Heidi Spurling: spurlinghw@y12.doe.gov Layout Lisa Harris Contributors Mary Bryant Cynthia Ensor Ryn Etter

367

TY RPRT T1 Exploring California PV Home Premiums A1 Ben Hoen  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TY RPRT TY RPRT T1 Wind Technologies Market Report A1 Ryan H Wiser A1 Mark Bolinger ED Galen L Barbose ED Na m Darghouth ED Ben Hoen ED Andrew D Mills ED Samantha Weaver ED Kevin Porter ED Michael Buckley ED Sari Fink ED Frank Oteri ED Suzanne Tegen U2 LBNL E TY RPRT T1 A Spatial Hedonic Analysis of the Effects of Wind Energy Facilities on Surrounding Property Values in the United States A1 Ben Hoen A1 Jason P Brown A1 Thomas Jackson A1 Ryan H Wiser A1 Mark Thayer A1 Peter Cappers AB p Previous research on the effects of wind energy facilities on surrounding home values has been limited by small samples of relevant home sale data and the inability to account adequately for confounding home value factors and spatial dependence in the data This study helps

368

Increasing Biofuel Deployment and Utilization through Development of Renewable Super Premium: Infrastructure Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high octane fuel and specialized vehicle are under consideration as a market opportunity to meet federal requirements for renewable fuel use and fuel economy. Infrastructure is often cited as a barrier for the introduction of a new fuel. This report assesses infrastructure readiness for E25 (25% ethanol; 75% gasoline) and E25+ (more than 25% ethanol). Both above-ground and below-ground equipment are considered as are the current state of stations, codes and regulations, and materials compatibility.

Moriarty, K.; Kass, M.; Theiss, T.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

An Inter-laboratory Comparison of CO2 Isotherms Measured on Argonne Premium Coal Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adsorption isotherms, which describe the coal's gas storage capacity, are important for estimating the carbon sequestration potential of coal seams. This study investigated the inter-laboratory reproducibility of carbon dioxide isotherm measurements on ...

A. L. Goodman; A. Busch; G. J. Duffy; J. E. Fitzgerald; K. A. M. Gasem; Y. Gensterblum; B. M. Krooss; J. Levy; E. Ozdemir; Z. Pan; R. L. Robinson, Jr.; K. Schroeder; M. Sudibandriyo; C. M. White

2004-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

370

DOE Premium Class Travel Reports for FY 09 and FY 13  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

15 2011 DOE Headquarters ( ForrestalGermantown) CHASE, KEITH A WASHINGTON, DC AMMAN .JORDAN 1122010 B2 Bus Class Air SPC 14,662 1,524 16 2011 DOE Headquarters ( Forrestal...

371

Integrated production/use of ultra low-ash coal, premium liquids and clean char  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This integrated, multi-product approach for utilizing Illinois coal starts with the production of ultra low-ash coal and then converts it to high-vale, coal-derived, products. The ultra low-ash coal is produced by solubilizing coal in a phenolic solvent under ChemCoal{trademark} process conditions, separating the coal solution from insoluble ash, and then precipitating the clean coal by dilution of the solvent with methanol. Two major products, liquids and low-ash char, are then produced by mild gasification of the low-ash coal. The low ash-char is further upgraded to activated char, and/or an oxidized activated char which has catalytic properties. Characterization of products at each stage is part of this project.

Kruse, C.W.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California, September 2008  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report analyzes the current economic and environmental performance of combined heat and power (CHP) systems in power interruption intolerant commercial facilities in California.

373

ASSESSMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER SYSTEM "PREMIUM POWER" APPLICATIONS IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling with Combined Heat and Power Applications. Lawrencegeneration, combined heat and power, and thermally drivenPacific Region Combined Heat and Power Application Center (

Norwood, Zack

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Making Better Use of Ethanol as a Transportation Fuel With Renewable Super Premium  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2B: End Use and Fuel Certification Brian West, Deputy Director for the Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

375

DOE Premium Class Travel Report for FY 09 through FY 13 | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority and San Mateo County Transit District -- Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Evaluation Results Policy Flash 2014-28 Updated Class Deviation...

376

Final Report: Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heat and power, and thermally activated cooling equipment.and power system provides electricity and cooling to a dataand power system provides electricity and cooling to a data

Norwood, Zack

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Final Report: Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

natural gas generator with waste heat recovery at a facilityCCHP locations that are using waste heat for cooling alsouse some of the waste heat directly for water or space

Norwood, Zack

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Eco-Labeling Strategies: The Eco-Premium Puzzle in the Wine Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicate that wine quality increases with eco-certification.a way to increase the quality of their wines. For example,an increase in the quality of the grapes and the wine, the

Delmas, Magali A; Grant, Laura E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Final Report: Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas (kg) Annual Off-site Carbon Emissions (Macrogrid) (kg)Annual Total Carbon Emissions (kg)To determine the relative carbon emissions of each proposed

Norwood, Zack

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

March 2009 Y-12 Times  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 March 2009 www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 Managing Editors Amy Alley: alleyab@y12.doe.gov Heidi Spurling: spurlinghw@y12.doe.gov Layout/Design Lisa Harris Contributors Ellen Boatner Ken Davis Kathy Fahey Vicki Hinkel Jamie Loveday Mary Murray W H A T ' S I N S I D E W H A T ' S I N S I D E Page 2 Page 2 New UPF room is out of sight Page 3 Page 3 Training simulates terrorist attack, prepares fi rst responders Page 3 Page 3 Tanker cars on the right track Page 5 Page 5 Third-generation employee follows his father's sage advice Page 7 Page 7 Car enthusiasts go into overdrive Brett Pate Ray Smith Donna Watson Mona Wright Lisa Xiques B&W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, a partnership between Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc. and Bechtel National Inc., operates the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Benchmarking of energy time series  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Benchmarking consists of the adjustment of time series data from one source in order to achieve agreement with similar data from a second source. The data from the latter source are referred to as the benchmark(s), and often differ in that they are observed at a lower frequency, represent a higher level of temporal aggregation, and/or are considered to be of greater accuracy. This report provides an extensive survey of benchmarking procedures which have appeared in the statistical literature, and reviews specific benchmarking procedures currently used by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The literature survey includes a technical summary of the major benchmarking methods and their statistical properties. Factors influencing the choice and application of particular techniques are described and the impact of benchmark accuracy is discussed. EIA applications and procedures are reviewed and evaluated for residential natural gas deliveries series and coal production series. It is found that the current method of adjusting the natural gas series is consistent with the behavior of the series and the methods used in obtaining the initial data. As a result, no change is recommended. For the coal production series, a staged approach based on a first differencing technique is recommended over the current procedure. A comparison of the adjustments produced by the two methods is made for the 1987 Indiana coal production series. 32 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Williamson, M.A.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Timed CSP: A Retrospective Joel Ouaknine 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APC 2005 Timed CSP: A Retrospective Jo¨el Ouaknine 1 Oxford University Computing Laboratory, UK Timed CSP, from its inception nearly twenty years ago to very recent semantical and algorithmic developments. Key words: Process algebra, Timed CSP. Timed CSP was first proposed in 1986 by Reed and Roscoe

Ouaknine, Joël

383

pdf version of the entry Time Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdf version of the entry Time Machines http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2010/entries/time-machine, Stanford, CA 94305 Time Machines Copyright c 2010 by the authors John Earman and Christian W¨uthrich All rights reserved. Copyright policy: https://leibniz.stanford.edu/friends/info/copyright/ Time Machines

Wüthrich, Christian

384

Ghana's regional development in economics, education and natural resources, with a case study on customers' preferences for household water treatment & safe storage products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ghana is one of the few countries that was re-classified from low-income country to low-middle income country in 2011 by the World Bank (World Bank, 2011a). At the same time, Ghana is still in the process of achieving the ...

Qiu, Weini

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Causes of the liability insurance crisis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1987 ). HUNTER, R, NY TIMES 0413 F3 ( 1986...in the Economic Studies Program at the Brookings Institution...where constitute premium rebates. Still another criticism...Penpective (New York, NY, 1987). The average accounting...

S Harrington; RE Litan

1988-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

386

Preventing Disability Among Working Participants in Kansas High-risk Insurance Pool: Implications for Health Reform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Health conditions that prevent individuals from working full time can restrict their access to health insurance. For people living in the 35 states that offer high-risk pools, coverage is available but premiums are 125200% ...

Hall, Jean P.; Moore, Janice M.; Welch, Greg W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Optimal experiment design for time-lapse traveltime tomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geophysical monitoring techniques offer the only noninvasive approach capable of assessing both the spatial and temporal dynamics of subsurface fluid processes. Increasingly, permanent sensor arrays in boreholes and on the ocean floor are being deployed to improve the repeatability and increase the temporal sampling of monitoring surveys. Because permanent arrays require a large up-front capital investment and are difficult (or impossible) to re-configure once installed, a premium is placed on selecting a geometry capable of imaging the desired target at minimum cost. We present a simple approach to optimizing downhole sensor configurations for monitoring experiments making use of differential seismic traveltimes. In our case, we use a design quality metric based on the accuracy of tomographic reconstructions for a suite of imaging targets. By not requiring an explicit singular value decomposition of the forward operator, evaluation of this objective function scales to problems with a large number of unknowns. We also restrict the design problem by recasting the array geometry into a low dimensional form more suitable for optimization at a reasonable computational cost. We test two search algorithms on the design problem: the Nelder-Mead downhill simplex method and the Multilevel Coordinate Search algorithm. The algorithm is tested for four crosswell acquisition scenarios relevant to continuous seismic monitoring, a two parameter array optimization, several scenarios involving four parameter length/offset optimizations, and a comparison of optimal multi-source designs. In the last case, we also examine trade-offs between source sparsity and the quality of tomographic reconstructions. One general observation is that asymmetric array lengths improve localized image quality in crosswell experiments with a small number of sources and a large number of receivers. Preliminary results also suggest that high-quality differential images can be generated using only a small number of optimally positioned sources.

Ajo-Franklin, J.B.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Apply for Beam Time | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Apply for Beam Time Apply for Beam Time NEXT PROPOSAL DEADLINE: March 7, 2014 @ 11:59 PM (Chicago time) Submit Proposal » SEE ALSO: Calendar: deadlines, run & review dates Help Page: frequently asked questions, tips for success, common errors, blank forms, instructions Review Criteria Sectors Directory: check CAT websites for info about managed beam time The Run 2014-2 proposal submission deadline is 11:59 p.m. (Chicago time) March 7, 2014. The system will open to accept proposals beginning December 20, 2013. NEW USERS: to avoid delays and to make the most of your time on site, read Become a User. You must register as a user and receive a badge number before submitting a proposal. About the Beam Time Request Process All beam time at the APS must be requested each cycle through the web-based

389

Parental Time, Behaviors and Childhood Obesity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

towards child health are modeled and analyzed using instrument variable (IV) methods. Results indicate that the effect of mother's time allocation reduces child weight status. Her decision to allocate time to the child is affected by unseen factors. Father...

Kuteesa, Annette

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

390

EnergyPlus Run Time Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tree LawrenceBerkeleyNationalLaboratory Page37 California EnergyEnergy Commission EnergyPlus Run Time Analysis Plant Supply Calling Tree (Energy Commission EnergyPlus Run Time Analysis Appendix A EnergyPlus Call Tree

Hong, Tianzhen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Time-predictable Computer Architecture Martin Schoeberl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-predictable Computer Architecture Martin Schoeberl Institute of Computer Engineering Vienna. Then we propose solutions for a time- predictable computer architecture. The proposed architecture in computer architectures are: pipelining, instruction and data caching, dynamic branch prediction, out

392

Time Structure of the LANSCE Beam  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beam One of the greatest strengths of the LANSCE facility is that it can produce proton beams with a wide range of time structures. Time Structure of the LANSCE Beam One of the...

393

Enabling time travel for the scholarly web  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enabling time travel for the scholarly web Enabling time travel for the scholarly web An international team of information scientists has begun a study to investigate how web links...

394

Time series anomaly detection using recessive subsequence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time series arise frequently in many sciences and engineering application, including finance, digital audio, motion capture, network security, and transportation. In this work, we propose a technique for discovering anomalies in time series that takes ...

Yonchanok Khaokaew; Sirikarn Pukkawanna

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Time Dependent Density Functional Theory An introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time Dependent Density Functional Theory An introduction Francesco Sottile LSI, Ecole Polytechnique) Time Dependent Density Functional Theory Palaiseau, 26 May 2014 1 / 62 #12;Outline 1 Introduction: why and Resources Francesco Sottile (ETSF) Time Dependent Density Functional Theory Palaiseau, 26 May 2014 2 / 62

Botti, Silvana

396

Timing Attacks on software implementation of RSA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amount of time required to perform private key operations (Decryptions etc.). Timing attacks are related to a class of attacks called side-channel attacks. Others include power analysis and attacks based decryption times are masked by many concurrent processes running on the system. It is also believed

397

Time (hole?) machines John Byron Manchak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time (hole?) machines John Byron Manchak Department of Philosophy, University of Washington, Box machines Hole machines Time travel General relativity a b s t r a c t Within the context of general relativity, we consider a type of "time machine" and introduce the related "hole machine". We review what

Manchak, John

398

Real-time Detection of Parametric Roll  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early Detection of PArametric ROLL on Ships #12;Real-time Detection of Parametric Roll: FullReal-time Detection of Parametric Roll: Full-scale Validation Roberto Galeazzi Assistant Professor-time Detection of Parametric Roll: Full-scale validation CeSOS Highlights & AMOS Visions Conference 2 DTU

Nørvåg, Kjetil

399

Convex Optimization: from Real-Time Embedded  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Convex Optimization: from Real-Time Embedded to Large-Scale Distributed Stephen Boyd Neal Parikh of Edinburgh, June 25 2014 1 #12;Outline Convex Optimization Real-Time Embedded Optimization Large-Scale Distributed Optimization Summary 2 #12;Outline Convex Optimization Real-Time Embedded Optimization Large

Hall, Julian

400

Time-optimal transfer of coherence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We provide exact analytical solutions for the problem of time-optimal transfer of coherence from one spin-polarization to a threefold coherence in a trilinear Ising chain with a fixed energy available and subject to local controls with a non-negligible time cost. The time of transfer is optimal and consistent with a previous numerical result obtained assuming instantaneous local controls.

Alberto Carlini and Tatsuhiko Koike

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

CPO semantics of timed interactive actor networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We give a denotational framework for composing interactive components into closed or open systems and show how to adapt classical domain-theoretic approaches to open systems and to timed systems. For timed systems, prior approaches are based on temporal ... Keywords: Actors, Agents, CPOs, Dataflow, Discrete events, Interaction, Posets, Process networks, Semantics, Timed systems

Xiaojun Liu; Edward A. Lee

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Predicting Time-Delays under Real-Time Scheduling for Linear Model Predictive Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting Time-Delays under Real-Time Scheduling for Linear Model Predictive Control Zhenwu Shi prediction of time-delays caused by real-time scheduling. Then, a model predictive controller is designed, the interaction between real-time scheduling and control design has received interest in the literature

Zhang, Fumin

403

Time-Energy Measure for Quantum Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum mechanics sets limits on how fast quantum processes can run given some system energy through time-energy uncertainty relations, and they imply that time and energy are tradeoff against each other. Thus, we propose to measure the time-energy as a single unit for quantum channels. We consider a time-energy measure for quantum channels and compute lower and upper bounds of it using the channel Kraus operators. For a special class of channels (which includes the depolarizing channel), we can obtain the exact value of the time-energy measure. One consequence of our result is that erasing quantum information requires $\\sqrt{(n+1)/n}$ times more time-energy resource than erasing classical information, where $n$ is the system dimension.

Chi-Hang Fred Fung; H. F. Chau

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

404

Property:Event/Time | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time Time Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Event/Time Property Type String Description The time an event occurs. For events which span an entire day, please use 'All Day'. When entering a specific time, please be sure to include the timezone information, for example: '2:45 PM MDT' or '10:00 AM GST'. Pages using the property "Event/Time" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A April Fool's Day + All Day + B Blane Harvey co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision making tools with CARE and Tearfund + 13:00-14:00 + Blane Harvey facilitating a lunchtime session on Indigenous Knowledge and Adaptation + 13:00-14:00 + Blane Harvey facilitating a lunchtime session on knowledge platforms and online communities of practice + 13:00-14:00 +

405

An overview of time?reversal acoustics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time?reversal invariance is a very powerful concept in physics. In the field of acoustics where time reversal invariance occurs time?reversal experiments may be achieved simply with arrays of transmit?receive transducers allowing an incident wave field to be sampled recorded time?reversed and re?emitted. Time reversal mirrors (TRMs) may be used to study random media and chaotic reverberating structures. Common to these complex media is a remarkable robustness exemplified by observations that the more complex the medium between the probe source and the TRM the sharper the focus. TRMs open the way to new signal processings that interest imaging detection telecommunications and therapy. Time reversal mirrors have plenty of applications including ultrasonic therapy and medical imaging non destructive testing telecommunications underwater acoustics seismology sound control home automation. An overview of these fields will be presented.

Mathias Fink

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Time-Energy Costs of Quantum Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time and energy of quantum processes are a tradeoff against each other. We propose to ascribe to any given quantum process a time-energy cost to quantify how much computation it performs. Here, we analyze the time-energy costs for general quantum measurements, along a similar line as our previous work for quantum channels, and prove exact and lower bound formulae for the costs. We use these formulae to evaluate the efficiencies of actual measurement implementations. We find that one implementation for a Bell measurement is optimal in time-energy. We also analyze the time-energy cost for unambiguous state discrimination and find evidence that only a finite time-energy cost is needed to distinguish any number of states.

Chi-Hang Fred Fung; H. F. Chau

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

407

Time-energy costs of quantum measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time and energy of quantum processes are a tradeoff against each other. We propose to ascribe to any given quantum process a time-energy cost to quantify how much computation it performs. Here, we analyze the time-energy costs for general quantum measurements, along a similar line as our previous work for quantum channels, and prove exact and lower bound formulas for the costs. We use these formulas to evaluate the efficiencies of actual measurement implementations. We find that one implementation for a Bell measurement is optimal in time energy. We also analyze the time-energy cost for unambiguous state discrimination and find evidence that only a finite time-energy cost is needed to distinguish any number of states.

Chi-Hang Fred Fung and H. F. Chau

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

408

Time-parallel multiscale/multiphysics framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce the time-parallel compound wavelet matrix method (tpCWM) for modeling the temporal evolution of multiscale and multiphysics systems. The method couples time parallel (TP) and CWM methods operating at different spatial and temporal scales. ... Keywords: 02.00.00, 02.10.Jf, 05.10.-a, 46.15.-x, 47.70.Fw, Parallel-in-time, Wavelet-based multiscaling

G. Frantziskonis; K. Muralidharan; P. Deymier; S. Simunovic; P. Nukala; S. Pannala

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Construction Timing and Expectations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Construction Timing and Expectations Construction Timing and Expectations Construction Timing and Expectations October 16, 2013 - 5:07pm Addthis Creating a detailed construction schedule that allows all the project elements to be coordinated in a timely manner is fundamental to any successful construction project. The construction schedule should take into account that many tasks cannot be started before others are finished. It should also account for special schedule considerations related to renewable energy systems. Key elements of most new construction or major renovation projects include landscape, structural, architectural, mechanical, electrical, plumbing, communication systems, and renewable energy systems. Maintaining the highest quality of construction across all elements is fundamental to any

410

Nonlinear time-fractional dispersive equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study some cases of time-fractional nonlinear dispersive equations (NDEs) involving Caputo derivatives, by means of the invariant subspace method. This method allows to find exact solutions to nonlinear time-fractional partial differential equations by separating variables. We first consider a third order time-fractional NDE that admits a four-dimensional invariant subspace and we find a similarity solution. We also study a fifth order NDE. In this last case we find a solution involving Mittag-Leffler functions. We finally observe that the invariant subspace method permits to find explicit solutions for a wide class of nonlinear dispersive time-fractional equations.

P. Artale Harris; R. Garra

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

411

The Y-12 Times, May 2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PFD also is continuing to concentrate on enhanced fl oor surveillance, which focuses on conduct of operations and timely feedback to facilitate improvement. "PFD is proving to be...

412

Development of Nonlinear SSI Time Domain Methodology  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Development of Nonlinear SSI Time Domain Methodology Justin Coleman, P.E. Nuclear Science and Technology Idaho National Laboratory October 22, 2014

413

Multiplicative cascades and seismicity in natural time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural time ? enables the distinction of two origins of self-similarity, i.e., the process memory and the process increments infinite variance. Employing multiplicative cascades in natural time, the most probable value of the variance ?1(???2?????2) is explicitly related with the parameter b of the Gutenberg-Richter law of randomly shuffled earthquake data. Moreover, the existence of temporal and magnitude correlations is studied in the original earthquake data. Magnitude correlations are larger for closer in time earthquakes, when the maximum interoccurrence time varies from half a day to 1 min.

N. V. Sarlis; E. S. Skordas; P. A. Varotsos

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

414

Sunrise-Sunset Times - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Station Real Time Met Data from Around the Site Current HMS Observations Daily HMS Extremes in Met Data Met and Climate Data Summary Products Historical Weather Charts Contacts...

415

Nordic Journal of Computing 10(2003), 135. TIMED CSP = CLOSED TIMED -AUTOMATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nordic Journal of Computing 10(2003), 1­35. TIMED CSP = CLOSED TIMED -AUTOMATA JO¨EL OUAKNINE CSP which significantly increase expressiveness. As a result, we are able to capture some of the most of the finite-state fragment of this augmented version of Timed CSP as that of closed timed -automata

Ouaknine, Joël

416

Nordic Journal of Computing 10(2003), 1--35. TIMED CSP = CLOSED TIMED #AUTOMATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nordic Journal of Computing 10(2003), 1--35. TIMED CSP = CLOSED TIMED #­AUTOMATA JO ? EL OUAKNINE CSP which significantly increase expressiveness. As a result, we are able to capture some of the most of the finite­state fragment of this augmented version of Timed CSP as that of closed timed #­automata

Ouaknine, Joël

417

Working times in atypical forms of employment: the special case of part-time work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

market. In an Employment Survey carried out by the French National Statistics Office (INSEE), part- timeChapter 5 Working times in atypical forms of employment: the special case of part-time work Patrick Abstract: In the present article, we attempt to devise a typology of forms of part-time employment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

418

Author's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: (a) formulate a time dependent vehicle routing problem with a general cost function and time windowAuthor's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows: Benchmark College of Engineering and Computer Science, PO Box 0751, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97207

Bertini, Robert L.

419

A ROUTE IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH TIME DEPENDENT TRAVEL TIMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) formulate a time dependent vehicle routing problem with a general cost function and time window constraintsA ROUTE IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH TIME DEPENDENT TRAVEL TIMES MIGUEL A. FIGLIOZZI Civil & Environmental Engineering Department Portland State University P.O. Box 751

Bertini, Robert L.

420

Effect of D-amino acids at Asp{sup 23} and Ser{sup 26} residues on the conformational preference of A{beta}{sub 20-29} peptides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of D-amino acids at Asp{sup 23} and Ser{sup 26} residues on the conformational preference of {beta}-amyloid (A{beta}) peptide fragment (A{beta}{sub 20-29}) have been studied using different spectroscopic techniques, namely vibrational circular dichroism (VCD), vibrational absorption, and electronic circular dichroism. To study the structure of the A{beta}{sub 20-29}, [D-Asp{sup 23}]A{beta}{sub 20-29}, and [D-Ser{sup 26}]A{beta}{sub 20-29} peptides under different conditions, the spectra were measured in 10 mM acetate buffer (pH 3) and in 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE). The spectroscopic results indicated that at pH 3, A{beta}{sub 20-29} peptide takes random coil with {beta}-turn structure, while [D-Ser{sup 26}]A{beta}{sub 20-29} peptide adopts significant amount of polyproline II (PPII) type structure along with {beta}-turn contribution and D-Asp-substituted peptide ([D-Asp{sup 23}]A{beta}{sub 20-29}) adopts predominantly PPII type structure. The increased propensity for PPII conformation upon D-amino acid substitution, in acidic medium, has important biological implications. In TFE, A{beta}{sub 20-29}, [D-Asp{sup 23}]A{beta}{sub 20-29}, and [D-Ser{sup 26}]A{beta}{sub 20-29} peptides adopt 3{sub 10}-helix, {alpha}-helix, and random coil with some {beta}-turn structures, respectively. The VCD data obtained for the A{beta} peptide films suggested that the secondary structures for the peptide films are not the same as those for corresponding solution and are also different among the A{beta} peptides studied here. This observation suggests that dehydration can have a significant influence on the structural preferences of these peptides.

Shanmugam, Ganesh [Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Polavarapu, Prasad L. [Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States)]. E-mail: Prasad.L.Polavarapu@Vanderbilt.edu; Hallgas, Balazs [Department of Organic Chemistry, Eoetvoes University, Budapest 112, P.O. Box 32, H-1518 (Hungary); Majer, Zsuzsa [Department of Organic Chemistry, Eoetvoes University, Budapest 112, P.O. Box 32, H-1518 (Hungary)

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Laser Telecommunication timeLaser beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser Telecommunication Experiment Laser time Laser beam intensity timeLaser beam Laser battery Laser connected to a circuit without a modulator. Bottom graph illustrates what happen when a modulating signal is superimposed to the DC voltage driving the laser Laser beam intensity DC Input voltage DC

La Rosa, Andres H.

422

Light gas gun with reduced timing jitter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Gas gun with reduced timing jitter. A gas gun having a prepressurized projectile held in place with a glass rod in compression is described. The glass rod is destroyed with an explosive at a precise time which allows a restraining pin to be moved and free the projectile.

Laabs, Gary W. (Los Alamos, NM); Funk, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Asay, Blaine W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

HR EMPLOYMENT LAW UPDATES TIME TO TRAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HR EMPLOYMENT LAW UPDATES TIME TO TRAIN Since 6 April 2010 employers have had to seriously consider an eligible employee's formal request for time away from their core duties to undertake training. Employees can request to undertake training they think will improve both their own and the University

Sussex, University of

424

EnergyPlus Run Time Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

EnergyPlus is a new generation building performance simulation program offering many new modeling capabilities and more accurate performance calculations integrating building components in sub-hourly time steps. However, EnergyPlus runs much slower than the current generation simulation programs. This has become a major barrier to its widespread adoption by the industry. This paper analyzed EnergyPlus run time from comprehensive perspectives to identify key issues and challenges of speeding up EnergyPlus: studying the historical trends of EnergyPlus run time based on the advancement of computers and code improvements to EnergyPlus, comparing EnergyPlus with DOE-2 to understand and quantify the run time differences, identifying key simulation settings and model features that have significant impacts on run time, and performing code profiling to identify which EnergyPlus subroutines consume the most amount of run time. This paper provides recommendations to improve EnergyPlus run time from the modeler?s perspective and adequate computing platforms. Suggestions of software code and architecture changes to improve EnergyPlus run time based on the code profiling results are also discussed.

Hong, Tianzhen; Buhl, Fred; Haves, Philip

2008-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

425

Photo cathode laser timing response measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photo cathode laser timing response measurements F. Löhl, H. Schlarb, E. Vogel, W. Koprek, V on the gun phase 2.) Arrival time change of photo injector laser pulses #12;Florian Löhl FLASH Seminar, June 19th, 2007 photo injector laser ~ 1.3 GHz vector modulator DAC I Q DOOCS Courtesy of I. Will #12

426

TimeVariable Photo-Evaporation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TimeVariable Photo-Evaporation of Protoplanetary Disks Henry Throop (SwRI) John Bally (U. Colorado) #12;Takeaway: Photo-evaporation alters the disk structure in essentially unpredictable ways, because for disks formed at the same time in the same cluster. #12;30 Doradus: 100+ O/B stars Photo

Throop, Henry

427

StoryTime: experiencing place through history  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present our vision of the future of maps. Story Time is a system of geographically associated "stories" as told by the people who experienced them. Story Time allows visitors to a location to explore a place from a new perspective, ... Keywords: cartography, experience design, participatory mapping, psychogeography, way-showing

Lorelei Kelly; Sarah Reeder; Xuan Wang; Susan Coleman Morse

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Correcting and combining time series forecasters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combined forecasters have been in the vanguard of stochastic time series modeling. In this way it has been usual to suppose that each single model generates a residual or prediction error like a white noise. However, mostly because of disturbances not ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks hybrid systems, Linear combination of forecasts, Maximum likelihood estimation, Time series forecasters, Unbiased forecasters

Paulo Renato A. Firmino; Paulo S. G. De Mattos Neto; Tiago A. E. Ferreira

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Mathematical Structure of Discrete Space-time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this letter we briefly investigate the mathematical structure of space-time in the framework of discretization. It is shown that the discreteness of space-time may result in a new mechanical system which differ from the usual quantum mechanics (QM).

An-Wei Zhang

2009-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

430

Nature of time and causality in Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The conceptual definition and understanding of the nature of time, both qualitatively and quantitatively is of the utmost difficulty and importance, and plays a fundamental role in physics. Physical systems seem to evolve in paths of increasing entropy and of complexity, and thus, the arrow of time shall be explored in the context of thermodynamic irreversibility and quantum physics. In Newtonian physics, time flows at a constant rate, the same for all observers; however, it necessarily flows at different rates for different observers in special and general relativity. Special relativity provides important quantitative elucidations of the fundamental processes related to time dilation effects, and general relativity provides a deep analysis to effects of time flow, such as in the presence of gravitational fields. Through the special theory of relativity, time became intimately related with space, giving rise to the notion of spacetime, in which both parameters cannot be considered as separate entities. As time is incorporated into the proper structure of the fabric of spacetime, it is interesting to note that general relativity is contaminated with non-trivial geometries that generate closed timelike curves, and thus apparently violates causality. The notion of causality is fundamental in the construction of physical theories; therefore time travel and its associated paradoxes have to be treated with great caution. These issues are briefly analyzed in this review paper.

Francisco S. N. Lobo

2008-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

431

System Identification: Time Varying and Nonlinear Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the choice of the generalized time varying ARX model (GTV-ARX) can be set to realize a time varying dead beat observer. Methods to use the developed algorithm(s) in this research are then considered for application to the identification of system models...

Majji, Manoranjan

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

432

Fractal analysis of time varying data  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Characteristics of time varying data, such as an electrical signal, are analyzed by converting the data from a temporal domain into a spatial domain pattern. Fractal analysis is performed on the spatial domain pattern, thereby producing a fractal dimension D.sub.F. The fractal dimension indicates the regularity of the time varying data.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Sadana, Ajit (Oxford, MS)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Contractions of planar graphs in polynomial time?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contractions of planar graphs in polynomial time? Marcin Kami´nski??1 , Dani¨el Paulusma2 that for every graph H, there exists a polyno- mial-time algorithm deciding if a planar graph can be contracted to H. We introduce contractions and topological minors of embedded (plane) graphs and show that a plane

Dimitrios, Thilikos

434

Designing Distributed, Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- - Designing Distributed, Real-Time Systems Kevin L. Mills INFT 796 SUMMER 1993 DIRECTED READINGS IN SOFTWARE ENGINEERING WITH DR. H. GOMAA GEORGE MASON UNIVERSITY #12;Designing Distributed, Real-Time Systems problem faced by designers of software systems, and particularly by designers of distributed, real

Mills, Kevin

435

Time Series Analysis James D. Hamilton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time Series Analysis James D. Hamilton Since its publication just over ten years ago, James Hamilton's Time Series Analysis has taken its place in the canon of modern technical eco- nomic literature study, Hamilton's book en- joyed popularity among econometricians in seminars in Europe and North

Landweber, Laura

436

A REAL-TIME AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION ARCHITECTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A REAL-TIME AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION ARCHITECTURE Gang Chen, Thierry Fraichard and Luis Martinez for autonomous navigation: perception, localisation, mapping, real-time motion planning and motion tracking. INTRODUCTION Autonomous navigation requires to solve a num- ber of challenging problems in domains as dif

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

437

Absolute Time Radiometric Dating: the source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute Time Radiometric Dating: the source of the dates on the Geologic Time Scale #12 as an element changes to another element, e.g. uranium to lead. · The parent element is radioactive · Carbon-14, C14 Nitrogen-14, N14 · Uranium-235, U235 Lead-207, Pb207 · Potassium-40, K40 Argon-40, Ar40

Kammer, Thomas

438

First Passage Time for Stochastic Dynamic System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First Passage Time for Stochastic Dynamic System and Climate Modeling Peter C Chu Naval Ocean, P.C., 2007: First passage time analysis on climate indices. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic. Poberezhny, 2002: Power law decay in model predictability skill. Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (15), 10

Chu, Peter C.

439

It's Time to ACT | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

It's Time to ACT It's Time to ACT It's Time to ACT May 25, 2011 - 10:32am Addthis John Lippert In my November 29, 2010 and my February 15, 2011 blog postings, I described some tools and strategies based on behavioral psychology that some companies and organizations are using to encourage people to use less energy and purchase clean energy. Here's another one. I was reading an article the other day in which University of Nevada, Reno, psychologist Steven Hayes gave his explanation of why we Americans are so reluctant to adjust our thermostats. He believes our culture has conditioned us to avoid all discomfort. In other words, we believe that we should feel good all the time. The funny thing is that I heard multiple times essentially the same message at religious services I attended. The common thread in these messages and

440

Fermilab | Fermilab Time and Labor | Launch  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Go to FTL timecard Click here to create and submit your timecard on the Fermilab Time and Labor system. Alternate System Login This link uses html only and may work on your mobile device. It is provided for ease of use only. If it doesn't work for you, please use the other link. Fermilab Time and Labor All employees use a single, standard system to report their time and effort electronically. Log in to the system here. This has modernized our time and labor reporting system and helps Fermilab comply with DOE requirements. Use this page to access tools that will help you use the Fermilab Time & Labor electronic timecard. You can login to your timecard, access training materials and documentation and ensure that your browser has the settings and software it needs to access the system.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

It's Time to ACT | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

It's Time to ACT It's Time to ACT It's Time to ACT May 25, 2011 - 10:32am Addthis John Lippert In my November 29, 2010 and my February 15, 2011 blog postings, I described some tools and strategies based on behavioral psychology that some companies and organizations are using to encourage people to use less energy and purchase clean energy. Here's another one. I was reading an article the other day in which University of Nevada, Reno, psychologist Steven Hayes gave his explanation of why we Americans are so reluctant to adjust our thermostats. He believes our culture has conditioned us to avoid all discomfort. In other words, we believe that we should feel good all the time. The funny thing is that I heard multiple times essentially the same message at religious services I attended. The common thread in these messages and

442

Space-time defects and teleparallelism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the class of space-time defects investigated by Puntigam and Soleng. These defects describe space-time dislocations and disclinations (cosmic strings), and are in close correspondence to the actual defects that arise in crystals and metals. It is known that in such materials dislocations and disclinations require a small and large amount of energy, respectively, to be created. The present analysis is carried out in the context of the teleparallel equivalent of general relativity (TEGR). We evaluate the gravitational energy of these space-time defects in the framework of the TEGR and find that there is an analogy between defects in space-time and in continuum material systems: the total gravitational energy of space-time dislocations and disclinations (considered as idealized defects) is zero and infinit, respectively.

J. W. Maluf; A. Goya

2001-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

443

Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Details Activities (10) Areas (10) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Detection of rock units or geological features with contrasting apparent resistivity. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural information may be inferred from TDEM data. Hydrological: Hydrological information such as depth to groundwater table may be determined. Thermal: Extent of hydrothermal alteration mineralogy may be inferred. Cost Information

444

Undergraduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Time Limits and Work Schedules Time Limits and Work Schedules Undergraduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules Point your career towards LANL: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is rich in intellectual vitality and opportunities for growth. Contact Student Programs (505) 665-8899 Email Time limits The length of participation in the undergraduate program is limited to a maximum of six years for students pursuing a bachelor's degree and three years for students pursuing an associate's degree. Work schedules Year-round students Students participating in some special undergraduate programs, post-baccalaureate appointments, post-master's appointments, and GRA students working on a thesis or dissertation are excluded from the 30-hour per week work restriction.

445

NSLS User Access | Requesting Beam Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Requesting Beam Time Requesting Beam Time Use one of the following options depending on your research: General User Proposal General User proposals are peer reviewed for scientific merit by a Proposal Review Panel (PRP). General User proposals compete for beamtime with other General User Proposals based on scientific merit. Once the original proposal and beam time request is reviewed and rated in the PASS System, additional beam time requests can be submitted against the original proposal for its lifetime, a period of up to six cycles (two years). Data taken during experiments associated with a General User proposal is considered to be in the public domain. There is no charge for General User beamtime. Rapid Access Rapid Access proposals are a subset of General User proposals available for

446

Graduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Time Limits and Work Schedules Time Limits and Work Schedules Graduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules Point your career towards LANL: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is rich in intellectual vitality and opportunities for growth. Contact Student Programs (505) 665-8899 Email Time Limits The length of participation in the graduate program is limited as follows: With a bachelor's pursuing a master's degree: 4 years With a bachelor's pursuing a PhD: 7 years With a master's pursuing a second master's degree: 2 years With a master's pursuing a PhD: 4 years With a master's pursuing a master's and PhD in a new field: 6 years Students may remain in the GRA program for up to three months after receiving their PhD. Work schedules Year-round students Students participating in the MBA program, post-baccalaureate appointments,

447

Space-Time Insight | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Space-Time Insight Space-Time Insight Jump to: navigation, search Name Space-Time Insight Address 45680 Northport Loop East Place Fremont, California Zip 94538 Sector Efficiency Product SpaceTime Awareness Server Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Website http://www.spacetimeinsight.co Coordinates 37.4923832°, -121.9532879° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.4923832,"lon":-121.9532879,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

448

Property:Real-Time | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Real-Time Real-Time Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Real-Time Property Type String Pages using the property "Real-Time" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + No + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + A Alden Large Flume + Yes + Alden Small Flume + Yes + Alden Tow Tank + Yes + Alden Wave Basin + Yes + B Breakwater Research Facility + No + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + No + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + No + Carderock 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + No + Carderock Circulating Water Channel + No +

449

Unraveling life four letters at a time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Unraveling life four letters at a time Unraveling life four letters at a time 1663 Los Alamos science and technology magazine Latest Issue:November 2013 All Issues » submit Unraveling life four letters at a time Major advances in sequencing since the official end of the Human Genome Project are fueling a revolution in genomics research. November 25, 2013 Unraveling life four letters at a time Reading the genetic code of life keeps getting faster and cheaper, bringing more and more new discoveries within reach. The genomics revolution that came after the Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project officially ended in 2003, but the 10 years since have seen dramatic improvements in genomics technology and discovery. New, rapid sequencing machines provide high throughput conversion of genetic material (DNA or RNA) into data to be arranged into its proper order by a

450

Valuation Made Simple: No Uncertainties, Just Time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Finance deals with time and uncertainty. This chapter introduces the very basics of financial economics in a deterministic setting. Leaving aside any consideration of risk is obviously restrictive, yet importa...

L. M. Abadie; J. M. Chamorro

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Virtual stationary timed automata for mobile networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we formally define a programming abstraction for mobile networks called the Virtual Stationary Automata programming layer, consisting of real mobile clients, virtual timed I/O automata called virtual ...

Nolte, Tina Ann, 1979-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Development Cycle Time Simulation For Civil Aircraft  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cycle Time Reduction (CTR) will be one of the major factors affecting the future of the civil aerospace industry. This focus is the end reflection of the level of competition in the commercial large carrier aircraft industry. Aircraft manufacturer must ...

Spitz William; Golaszewski Richard; Berardino Frank; Johnson Jesse

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Time dependences of atmospheric Carbon dioxide fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the lifetime of CO2 in the atmosphere is critical for predictions regarding future climate changes. A simple mass conservation analysis presented here generates tight estimations for the atmosphere's retention time constant. The analysis uses a leaky integrator model that combines the observed deficit (only less than 40% of CO2 produced from combustion of fossil fuels is actually retained in the atmosphere, while more than 60% is continuously shed) with the exponential growth of fossil fuel burning. It reveals a maximum characteristic time of less than 23 year for the transfer of atmospheric CO2 to a segregation sink. This time constant is further constrained by the rapid disappearance of 14C after the ban of atmospheric atomic bomb tests, which provides a lower limit of 18 years for this transfer. The study also generates evaluations of other CO2 fluxes, exchange time constants and volumes exchanged. Analysis of large harmonic oscillations of atmospheric CO2 concentration, often neglected in th...

DeSalvo, Riccardo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Extensions To Standard Hold Time Calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper extends existing methods of calculating the hold time for a fire extinguishing gas in an enclosure to cover mechanical HVAC systems and wide descending interfaces, and compares ... the sharp descending ...

J. Dewsbury; R. A. Whiteley

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

It's About Time: Investing in Transportation to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MARCH 2011 It's About Time: Investing in Transportation to Keep Texas Economically Competitive #12 of Contents Preface 1 The Challenge Facing Texans 3 Texas Transportation Action Principles 6 Texas' Deteriorating Transportation System: Background and Measurement 8 Baseline Scenario: Unacceptable Conditions

456

Automatic tuning of continuous-time filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated high-Q continuous-time filters require adaptive tuning circuits that will correct the filter parameters such as center frequency and quality factor (Q). Three different automatic tuning techniques are introduced. In all of the proposed...

Sumesaglam, Taner

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Wind and time in Homeric epic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7383. Scott, W. C. 1966. Wind Imagery in the Oresteia. 3035; West 1961: 13336. Wind and Time in Homeric Epic 56. Stern, L. 2004. Paths That Wind through the Thicket of

Purves, AC

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

A discussion about God and time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that depend on STR (either forthrightly or heuristically) fail. Instead, I propose that God is in immeasurable ontological time both prior to creation and after creation. In this way He can be really related to His creation....

Miles, Craig Lambert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

459

Automatic program timing profiles with FTN4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Design of a scheme for producing execution timing profiles of FORTRAN programs automatically is proposed with a recommendation to implement it as an option to the compiler. An experimental implementation on the LBL 7600 is also described. 1 figure.

Friedman, R.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Time-Resolved Photoluminescence and Photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) technique and its ability to characterize recombination in bulk photovoltaic semiconductor materials are reviewed. Results from a variety of materials and a few recent studies are summarized and compared.

Metzger, W. K.; Ahrenkiel, R. K.; Dippo, P.; Geisz, J.; Wanlass, M. W.; Kurtz, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Real time vibraphone pitch and timbre classification :  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Pitch Tracking . . . . . . B Percussion Classi?cation CDIEGO Real Time Vibraphone Pitch and Timbre Classi?cation ABrown, G. J. , 2003: A multi-pitch tracking algorithm for

Larke, Kevin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Picosecond laser timing by rf phase shifting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lasers pumped by synchronized mode?locked, Q?switched, cw Nd:YAG lasers. The phase shifter operates with better than 10?ps precision and generates time delays from 0 to 26 ns....

Johnson, Carey K.; Qian, Jun

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Cycle time reduction through wafer starts control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intel's Fab 17, located in Hudson, Massachusetts, has experienced dramatic improvements in its cycle time performance in the last two years. These improvements have been attributed to lean implementation efforts, reduced ...

Wang, Sam, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Formation of morphogen gradients: Local accumulation time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spatial regulation of cell differentiation in embryos can be provided by morphogen gradients, which are defined as the concentration fields of molecules that control gene expression. For example, a cell can use its surface receptors to measure the local concentration of an extracellular ligand and convert this information into a corresponding change in its transcriptional state. We characterize the time needed to establish a steady-state gradient in problems with diffusion and degradation of locally produced chemical signals. A relaxation function is introduced to describe how the morphogen concentration profile approaches its steady state. This function is used to obtain a local accumulation time that provides a time scale that characterizes relaxation to steady state at an arbitrary position within the patterned field. To illustrate the approach we derive local accumulation times for a number of commonly used models of morphogen gradient formation.

Alexander M. Berezhkovskii; Christine Sample; Stanislav Y. Shvartsman

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

465

PRELIMINARY TIME ESTIMATES FOR CORING OPERATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EQUATIONS 17 FIGURE 1. DRILL STRING ROUND TRIP 19 FIGURE 2. STANDARD ROTARY CORING (RCB) WIRELINE TRIP 21) WIRELINE TRIP 25 FIGURE 5. ESTIMATED RIGGING, WIRELINE, AND SCANNING TIME FOR REENTRY. 27 #12;Preliminary

466

Interpreting Attoclock Measurements of Tunnelling Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss measurements of time-delays during strong-field ionization of atoms using few-cycle circularly polarized laser pulses -- the attoclock setup. We perform numerical experiments for the benchmark system of the hydrogen atom and analyze them using fully quantum analytical theory with no ad-hoc assumptions or adjustable parameters. Excellent quantitative agreement between theory and ab initio simulations allows us to characterize time-delays measured by the attoclock, demonstrate that these delays are not related to tunnelling delays and are induced entirely by the interaction of the liberated electron with the long-range Coulomb potential of the ionic core. Our analysis gives access to 'ionization times' -- the times when an electron exits the tunnelling barrier created by the combination of the laser field and the core potential, showing that some of the key assumptions used in the semiclassical interpretation of the attoclock experiments do not always agree with the fully quantum analysis.

Torlina, Lisa; Kaushal, Jivesh; Muller, Harm Geert; Ivanov, Igor; Kheifets, Anatoli; Zielinski, Alejandro; Scrinzi, Armin; Ivanov, Misha; Smirnova, Olga

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Interpreting Attoclock Measurements of Tunnelling Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss measurements of time-delays during strong-field ionization of atoms using few-cycle circularly polarized laser pulses -- the attoclock setup. We perform numerical experiments for the benchmark system of the hydrogen atom and analyze them using fully quantum analytical theory with no ad-hoc assumptions or adjustable parameters. Excellent quantitative agreement between theory and ab initio simulations allows us to characterize time-delays measured by the attoclock, demonstrate that these delays are not related to tunnelling delays and are induced entirely by the interaction of the liberated electron with the long-range Coulomb potential of the ionic core. Our analysis gives access to 'ionization times' -- the times when an electron exits the tunnelling barrier created by the combination of the laser field and the core potential, showing that some of the key assumptions used in the semiclassical interpretation of the attoclock experiments do not always agree with the fully quantum analysis.

Lisa Torlina; Felipe Morales; Jivesh Kaushal; Harm Geert Muller; Igor Ivanov; Anatoli Kheifets; Alejandro Zielinski; Armin Scrinzi; Misha Ivanov; Olga Smirnova

2014-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

468

Time-Dependent Nonlinear Hadley Circulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The time-dependent Hadley circulation is studied numerically in a nonlinear, nearly inviscid, axially symmetric primitive equation model, with the heating varying periodically on an annual cycle. The annual average of the Hadley circulation ...

Ming Fang; Ka Kit Tung

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Am I spikes over time? Leslie Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Am I spikes over time? Leslie Smith Computing Science and Mathematics University of Stirling Stirling FK9 4LA, UK Email: l.s.smith@cs.stir.ac.uk URL: http://www.cs.stir.ac.uk/~lss Acknowledgements: EU

Smith, Leslie S.

470

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

basedonreal?timePMUdata byobservingthedifferencesas analysisofWECCPMUdata. Therecommendedanalysisapproach. V (pu) P-V curve PMU data P (pu) P-V curve PMU

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Audio classification from time-frequency texture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-frequency representations of audio signals often resemble texture images. This paper derives a simple audio classification algorithm based on treating sound spectrograms as texture images. The algorithm is inspired ...

Slotine, Jean-Jacques E.

472

Special Issue: Space, Time and Number Population clocks: motor timing with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the ability of recur- rent neural networks to generate self-sustained, complex, time with strong internal connections capable of self-sustained activity, whereas sensory timing depends

Buonomano, Dean

473

The Tides Of Time Issue 29  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Tides of Time 29 1 Easter Vacation 2004 The Oxford University Doctor Who Society Magazine The Tides of Time Easter Vacation 2004 Issue 29 BUFFY AND THE BRITISH Star Trek The Prisoner The career of Brian Clemens and... Kilburn Wiles Thing! 24 A look at John Wiless period as producer of Doctor Who Brian Clemens 26 James Davies marks the achievements of this writer-producer How does Doctor Who entertain? 30 Asking the question, Daniel...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Escape time statistics for mushroom billiards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chaotic orbits of mushroom billiards display intermittent behaviors. We investigate statistical properties of this system by constructing an infinite partition on the chaotic part of a Poincar\\'e surface which illustrates details of chaotic dynamics. Each piece of the infinite partition has an unique escape time from the half disk region, and from this result it is shown that, for fixed values of the system parameters, the escape time distribution obeys power law $1/t_{\\rm esc}^3$.

T. Miyaguchi

2006-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

475

Exact Philosophy of Space-Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting from Bunge's (1977) scientific ontology, we expose a materialistic relational theory of space-time, that carries out the program initiated by Leibniz, and provides a protophysical basis consistent with any rigorous formulation of General Relativity. Space-time is constructed from general concepts which are common to any consistent scientific theory and they are interpreted as emergent properties of the greatest assembly of things, namely, the world.

Hctor Vucetich

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

476

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Real Time System Operations (RTSO) 2006-2007 project focused on two parallel technical tasks: (1) Real-Time Applications of Phasors for Monitoring, Alarming and Control; and (2) Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (RTVSA) Prototype Tool. The overall goal of the phasor applications project was to accelerate adoption and foster greater use of new, more accurate, time-synchronized phasor measurements by conducting research and prototyping applications on California ISO's phasor platform - Real-Time Dynamics Monitoring System (RTDMS) -- that provide previously unavailable information on the dynamic stability of the grid. Feasibility assessment studies were conducted on potential application of this technology for small-signal stability monitoring, validating/improving existing stability nomograms, conducting frequency response analysis, and obtaining real-time sensitivity information on key metrics to assess grid stress. Based on study findings, prototype applications for real-time visualization and alarming, small-signal stability monitoring, measurement based sensitivity analysis and frequency response assessment were developed, factory- and field-tested at the California ISO and at BPA. The goal of the RTVSA project was to provide California ISO with a prototype voltage security assessment tool that runs in real time within California ISO?s new reliability and congestion management system. CERTS conducted a technical assessment of appropriate algorithms, developed a prototype incorporating state-of-art algorithms (such as the continuation power flow, direct method, boundary orbiting method, and hyperplanes) into a framework most suitable for an operations environment. Based on study findings, a functional specification was prepared, which the California ISO has since used to procure a production-quality tool that is now a part of a suite of advanced computational tools that is used by California ISO for reliability and congestion management.

Eto, Joseph H.; Parashar, Manu; Lewis, Nancy Jo

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

On the physical basis of cosmic time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this manuscript we initiate a systematic examination of the physical basis for the time concept in cosmology. We discuss and defend the idea that the physical basis of the time concept is necessarily related to physical processes which could conceivably take place among the material constituents available in the universe. It is common practice to link the concept of cosmic time with a space-time metric set up to describe the universe at large scales, and then define a cosmic time $t$ as what is measured by a comoving standard clock. We want to examine, however, the physical basis for setting up a comoving reference frame and, in particular, what could be meant by a standard clock. For this purpose we introduce the concept of a `core' of a clock (which, for a standard clock in cosmology, is a scale-setting physical process) and we ask if such a core can--in principle--be found in the available physics contemplated in the various `stages' of the early universe. We find that a first problem arises above the quark-gluon phase transition (which roughly occurs when the cosmological model is extrapolated back to $\\sim 10^{-5}$ seconds) where there might be no bound systems left, and the concept of a physical length scale to a certain extent disappears. A more serious problem appears above the electroweak phase transition believed to occur at $\\sim 10^{-11}$ seconds. At this point the property of mass (almost) disappears and it becomes difficult to identify a physical basis for concepts like length scale, energy scale and temperature -- which are all intimately linked to the concept of time in modern cosmology. This situation suggests that the concept of a time scale in `very early' universe cosmology lacks a physical basis or, at least, that the time scale will have to be based on speculative new physics.

Svend Erik Rugh; Henrik Zinkernagel

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

478

Time Domain Continuous Imaging TIME DOMAIN CONTINUOUS IMAGING doesn't sound like  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the scene with skewed timing and exposure settings. Our 3D-printed array camera at SC14 coordinates four

Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

479

A Timing Requirements-Aware Scratchpad Memory Allocation Scheme for a Precision Timed Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the following companies: Agilent, Bosch, HSBC, Lockheed-Martin, National Instruments, and Toyota. #12;A Timing

480

Polynomial Time Algorithms for Minimum Energy Scheduling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of power management policies is to reduce the amount of energy consumed by computer systems while maintaining satisfactory level of performance. One common method for saving energy is to simply suspend the system during the idle times. No energy is consumed in the suspend mode. However, the process of waking up the system itself requires a certain fixed amount of energy, and thus suspending the system is beneficial only if the idle time is long enough to compensate for this additional energy expenditure. In the specific problem studied in the paper, we have a set of jobs with release times and deadlines that need to be executed on a single processor. Preemptions are allowed. The processor requires energy L to be woken up and, when it is on, it uses one unit of energy per one unit of time. It has been an open problem whether a schedule minimizing the overall energy consumption can be computed in polynomial time. We solve this problem in positive, by providing an O(n^5)-time algorithm. In addition we pr...

Baptiste, Philippe; Durr, Christoph

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time preference premiums" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

A time history algorithm for aircraft noise  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the course of the development of a comprehensive computer airport noisemodel offering a choice of noise metrics (see previous paper) the ASDS metric (Aircraft Sound Description System) required the computation of the time noise levels from aircraft flyover exceed specified thresholds. A package of subroutines was developed that performs a noise level time history simulation by tracking aircraft position and orientation along a three?dimensional flight path using variable time steps depending on the rate of noise level change. The A?weighted noise levels at observer positions are calculated for each time step from two three?dimensional models: a three?component jet engine noise emission model (front fan rear fan jet) where each component varies with engine thrust at a different rate; and a propagation model describing the excess attenuation of A?weighted levels as a function of distance. Both models use aircraft specific empirical parameters determined from measured spectral data and calibrated by comparing calculated and measured maximum A?weighted flyover levels for a range of practical distances. The subroutine package is capable of calculating threshold exceedance times cumulative distributions of noise levels and the time?integrated energy equivalent noise level from an aircraft flyover. [Work supported by the U. S. Department of Transportation.

R. Rackl

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Cosmologies with a time dependent vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The idea that the cosmological term, Lambda, should be a time dependent quantity in cosmology is a most natural one. It is difficult to conceive an expanding universe with a strictly constant vacuum energy density, namely one that has remained immutable since the origin of time. A smoothly evolving vacuum energy density that inherits its time-dependence from cosmological functions, such as the Hubble rate or the scale factor, is not only a qualitatively more plausible and intuitive idea, but is also suggested by fundamental physics, in particular by quantum field theory (QFT) in curved space-time. To implement this notion, is not strictly necessary to resort to ad hoc scalar fields, as usually done in the literature (e.g. in quintessence formulations and the like). A "running" Lambda term can be expected on very similar grounds as one expects (and observes) the running of couplings and masses with a physical energy scale in QFT. Furthermore, the experimental evidence that the equation of state of the dark energy could be evolving with time/redshift (including the possibility that it might currently behave phantom-like) suggests that a time-variable Lambda term (possibly accompanied by a variable Newton's gravitational coupling G=G(t)) could account in a natural way for all these features. Remarkably enough, a class of these models (the "new cosmon") could even be the clue for solving the old cosmological constant problem, including the coincidence problem.

Joan Sola

2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

483

Single molecule pulling with large time steps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently, we presented a generalization of the Jarzynski nonequilibrium work theorem for phase space mappings. The formalism shows that one can determine free energy differences from approximate trajectories obtained from molecular dynamics simulations in which very large time steps are used. In this work we test the method by simulating the force-induced unfolding of a deca-alanine helix in vacuum. The excellent agreement between results obtained with a small, conservative time step of 0.5fs and results obtained with a time step of 3.2fs (i.e., close to the stability limit) indicates that the large-time-step approach is practical for such complex biomolecules. We further adapt the method of Hummer and Szabo for the simulation of single molecule force spectroscopy experiments to the large-time-step method. While trajectories generated with large steps are approximate and may be unphysicalin the simulations presented here we observe a violation of the equipartition theoremthe computed free energies are exact in principle. In terms of efficiency, the optimum time step for the unfolding simulations lies in the range 13fs.

Harald Oberhofer; Christoph Dellago; Stefan Boresch

2007-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

484

Real Time Search User Behavior Real time search is an increasingly important area of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The most frequently used terms accounted for only 0.03% of the total terms. Concerning search topics Web search. Searchers of real time content often repeat queries overtime, perhaps indicating long term content increasingly enters the main stream. Keywords Real time search, real time content, Collecta

Jansen, James

485

Time and Cognitive Load 1 Time and Cognitive Load in Working Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time and Cognitive Load 1 Time and Cognitive Load in Working Memory Pierre Barrouillet*, Sophie Bourgogne Running head: Time and Cognitive Load Corresponding author: Pierre Barrouillet Pierre manuscript, published in "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 33, 3 (2007

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

486

Internet Time Synchronization: the Network Time Protocol 1,2,3 David L. Mills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Internet backbone networks and gateways are carefully engineered for good service, op­ erating speedsInternet Time Synchronization: the Network Time Protocol 1,2,3 David L. Mills Electrical), which is designed to distribute time information in a large, diverse internet system operating at speeds

Mills, David L.

487

Internet Time Synchronization: the Network Time Protocol1,2,3 David L. Mills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internet Time Synchronization: the Network Time Protocol1,2,3 David L. Mills Electrical Engineering is designed to distribute time information in a large, diverse internet system operating at speeds from and resulted in the designation of NTP as an Internet Standard protocol. The NTP synchronization system, which

Mills, David L.

488

Approximate Response Time for Fixed Priority Real-Time Systems with Energy-Harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approximate Response Time for Fixed Priority Real-Time Systems with Energy-Harvesting Yasmina sufficient schedulability tests for fixed-priority pre-emptive scheduling of a real-time system under energy constraints. In this problem, energy is harvested from the ambient environment and used to replenish a storage

Boyer, Edmond

489

UF LAWU N I V E R S I T Y O F F L O R I D A F R E D R I C G . L E V I N C O L L E G E O F L A W S P R I N G 2 0 1 4 FEMININE CAREER PREFERENCES | JAGS FIGHT SEXUAL ASSAULT | BALDWIN'S ODYSSEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

� S P R I N G 2 0 1 4 FEMININE CAREER PREFERENCES | JAGS FIGHT SEXUAL ASSAULT | BALDWIN'S ODYSSEY Gator 9 PARTNERS � Gator Nation to the rescue � Students benefit from dean's going-away present has `always been a Gator' � Making an endowment, naming a jury room 11 CONFERENCES & LECTURES 14 UF

Roy, Subrata

490

On the physical basis of cosmic time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this manuscript we initiate a systematic examination of the physical basis for the time concept in cosmology. We discuss and defend the idea that the physical basis of the time concept is necessarily related to physical processes which could conceivably take place among the material constituents available in the universe. It is common practice to link the concept of cosmic time with a space-time metric set up to describe the universe at large scales, and then define a cosmic time $t$ as what is measured by a comoving standard clock. We want to examine, however, the physical basis for setting up a comoving reference frame and, in particular, what could be meant by a standard clock. For this purpose we introduce the concept of a `core' of a clock (which, for a standard clock in cosmology, is a scale-setting physical process) and we ask if such a core can--in principle--be found in the available physics contemplated in the various `stages' of the early universe. We find that a first problem arises above the q...

Rugh, Svend Erik

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Enabling time travel for the scholarly web  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enabling time travel for the scholarly web Enabling time travel for the scholarly web Enabling time travel for the scholarly web An international team of information scientists has begun a study to investigate how web links in scientific and other academic articles fail to lead to the resources being referenced. July 16, 2013 Herbert Van de Sompel, a Los Alamos National Laboratory information scientist, describes the information pathway involved in preventing "reference rot" in scientific material linked to the web. Herbert Van de Sompel, a Los Alamos National Laboratory information scientist, describes the information pathway involved in preventing "reference rot" in scientific material linked to the web. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email "Increasingly, scientific papers contain links to web pages containing,

492

November 2008 The Y-12 Times  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 November 2008 www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 Managing Editors Amy Alley: alleyab@y12.doe.gov Heidi Spurling: spurlinghw@y12.doe.gov Layout/Design Lisa Harris Contributors Ellen Boatner Amanda Byrge Ken Davis Karen Dixon Kathy Fahey Stuart Hames I N S I D E Page 3 Ashes to ashes and dust to ... shapes Pages 4 and 5 Safeguards, Security, and Emergency Services' Sentinel Page 6 Y-12 creativeness honored Page 7 100 years in the making Page 8 Employee teams stepping up to improve safety Kathryn King Jamie Loveday Brett Pate Ray Smith Donna Watson Lisa Xiques times times the B&W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, a partnership between Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc. and Bechtel National Inc., operates the Y-12 National Security Complex.

493

Property:TimePeriod | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TimePeriod TimePeriod Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "TimePeriod" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0.4 kV remote control (Smart Grid Project) + Not available + 2 220 kV SSSC device for power flow control (Smart Grid Project) + Jul 2009 Jul 2014 + A A complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) + Oct 2009 Dec 2015 + ADELE Project AACAES (Smart Grid Project) + Dec 2009 Dec 2013 + AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration (Smart Grid Project) + 2011-2014 + AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration (Smart Grid Project) (Belgium) + 2011-2014 +

494

Real time gamma-ray signature identifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A real time gamma-ray signature/source identification method and system using principal components analysis (PCA) for transforming and substantially reducing one or more comprehensive spectral libraries of nuclear materials types and configurations into a corresponding concise representation/signature(s) representing and indexing each individual predetermined spectrum in principal component (PC) space, wherein an unknown gamma-ray signature may be compared against the representative signature to find a match or at least characterize the unknown signature from among all the entries in the library with a single regression or simple projection into the PC space, so as to substantially reduce processing time and computing resources and enable real-time characterization and/or identification.

Rowland, Mark (Alamo, CA); Gosnell, Tom B. (Moraga, CA); Ham, Cheryl (Livermore, CA); Perkins, Dwight (Livermore, CA); Wong, James (Dublin, CA)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Conserved Quantities for Polyhomogeneous Space-Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence of conserved quantities with a structure similar to the Newman-Penrose quantities in a polyhomogeneous space-time is addressed. The most general form for the initial data formally consistent with the polyhomogeneous setting is found. The subsequent study is done for those polyhomogeneous space-times where the leading term of the shear contains no logarithmic terms. It is found that for these space-times the original NP quantities cease to be constants, but it is still possible to construct a set of other 10 quantities that are constant. From these quantities it is possible to obtain as a particular case a conserved quantity found by Chrusciel et al.

J. A. Valiente Kroon

1998-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

496

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Real Time Pricing Xcel Energy (Public Service Companywith Real Time Pricing Xcel Energy, MDC (MinnesotaUtilities Division). 2001. Xcel Energys Real-Time Pricing

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Metamaterial model of a time crystal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Propagation of monochromatic extraordinary light in a hyperbolic metamaterial is identical to propagation of massive particles in a three dimensional effective Minkowski spacetime, in which the role of a timelike variable is played by one of the spatial coordinates. We demonstrate that this analogy may be used to build a metamaterial model of a time crystal, which has been recently suggested by Wilczek and Shapere. It is interesting to note that the effective single-particle energy spectrum in such a model does not contain a static ground state, thus providing a loophole in the proof of time crystal non-existence by P. Bruno.

Smolyaninov, Igor I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Robustness of discrete-time control systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Bilinear Approach s-Plane to z-Plane F. Overbounding and Testing for Stability G. Interlacing Properties of Interval Polynomials Interlacing Property for Continuous- Time Systems Interlacing Property for Discrete- Time Systems Page 26 27 29 33... of p(z) from F(+t) Calculation of s+q Calculation of s~i Calculation of the Minimum Distance of p(z) from P&? Calculation of s Calculation of s Calculation of the Minimum Distance of p(z) from Flsi Calculation of ss Calculation of ss E...

Aguirre, Gabriel

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Proper time regulator and renormalization group flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider some applications of the renormalization group flow equations obtained by resorting to a specific class of proper time regulators. Within this class a particular limit that corresponds to a sharpening of the effective width of the regulator is investigated and a procedure to analytically implement this limit on the flow equations is shown. We focus on the critical exponents determination for the O(N) symmetric scalar theory in three dimensions. The large N limit and some perturbative features in four dimensions are also analyzed. In all problems examined the results are optimized when the mentioned limit of the proper time regulator is taken.

M. Mazza and D. Zappal

2001-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

500

Proper time regulator and Renormalization Group flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider some applications of the Renormalization Group flow equations obtained by resorting to a specific class of proper time regulators. Within this class a particular limit that corresponds to a sharpening of the effective width of the regulator is investigated and a procedure to analytically implement this limit on the flow equations is shown. We focus on the critical exponents determination for the O(N) symmetric scalar theory in three dimensions. The large N limit and some perturbative features in four dimensions are also analysed. In all problems examined the results are optimized when the mentioned limit of the proper time regulator is taken.

M. Mazza; D. Zappala'

2001-06-25T23:59:59.000Z