Horizons in Robinson-Trautman space-times
W. Natorf; J. Tafel
2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z
The past quasi-local horizons in vacuum Robinson-Trautman spacetimes are described. The case of a null (non-expanding) horizon is discussed. It is shown that the only Robinson-Trautman space-time admitting such a horizon with sections diffeomorphic to S_2 is the Schwarzschild space-time. Weakening this condition leads to the horizons of the C-metric. Properties of the hypersurface r=2m for finite retarded time u are examined.
Effect of time horizon on incremental cost-effectiveness ratios
Sondhi, Manu
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Background: Estimation of cost-effectiveness of a therapy as compared with another, in healthcare, is often based on a single perspective and a single time horizon. In this thesis, I explored methods of extrapolating the ...
Time Horizons of Environmental vs. Non-Environmental Costs
Tovey, Craig A.
1 1 #12;Time Horizons of Environmental vs. Non-Environmental Costs: Evidence from U.S. Tort Fellowship #12;Abstract One explanation for a positive correlation between environmental and financial differences between environmental and other investment opportunities. One of these systematic differences
Forecasting stock market returns over multiple time horizons
Kroujiline, Dimitri; Ushanov, Dmitry; Sharov, Sergey V; Govorkov, Boris
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we seek to demonstrate the predictability of stock market returns and explain the nature of this return predictability. To this end, we further develop the news-driven analytic model of the stock market derived in Gusev et al. (2015). This enables us to capture market dynamics at various timescales and shed light on mechanisms underlying certain market behaviors such as transitions between bull- and bear markets and the self-similar behavior of price changes. We investigate the model and show that the market is nearly efficient on timescales shorter than one day, adjusting quickly to incoming news, but is inefficient on longer timescales, where news may have a long-lasting nonlinear impact on dynamics attributable to a feedback mechanism acting over these horizons. Using the model, we design the prototypes of algorithmic strategies that utilize news flow, quantified and measured, as the only input to trade on market return forecasts over multiple horizons, from days to months. The backtested res...
Park, Yeonjeong; Harmon, Thomas C
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
optimization horizon. After the first optimal control is applied for the current management time step, the optimization process
The stability of Killing-Cauchy horizons in colliding plane wave space-times
J. B. Griffiths
2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
It is confirmed rigorously that the Killing-Cauchy horizons, which sometimes occur in space-times representing the collision and subsequent interaction of plane gravitational waves in a Minkowski background, are unstable with respect to bounded perturbations of the initial waves, at least for the case in which the initial waves have constant aligned polarizations.
Dynamic Pricing Strategies under a Finite Time Horizon Joan Morris DiMicco
to scalpers. Cost has been perhaps the greatest factor precluding the widespread use of dynamic pricing goods, but in digital markets, the costs associated with making frequent, instantaneous price changesDynamic Pricing Strategies under a Finite Time Horizon Joan Morris DiMicco MIT Media Laboratory 20
Egerstedt, Magnus
Trade-Offs Between Precision and Computation Horizon in Real-Time Optimal Control of Switched computational resources available in many real-time applications, questions concerning trade-offs between the computation horizon and the precision of the solution arise naturally. These trade-offs constitute the main
Larry G. Stolarczyk
2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
With the aid of a DOE grant (No. DE-FC26-01NT41050), Stolar Research Corporation (Stolar) developed the Horizon Sensor (HS) to distinguish between the different layers of a coal seam. Mounted on mining machine cutter drums, HS units can detect or sense the horizon between the coal seam and the roof and floor rock, providing the opportunity to accurately mine the section of the seam most desired. HS also enables accurate cutting of minimum height if that is the operator's objective. Often when cutting is done out-of-seam, the head-positioning function facilitates a fixed mining height to minimize dilution. With this technology, miners can still be at a remote location, yet cut only the clean coal, resulting in a much more efficient overall process. The objectives of this project were to demonstrate the feasibility of horizon sensing on mining machines and demonstrate that Horizon Sensing can allow coal to be cut cleaner and more efficiently. Stolar's primary goal was to develop the Horizon Sensor (HS) into an enabling technology for full or partial automation or ''agile mining''. This technical innovation (R&D 100 Award Winner) is quickly demonstrating improvements in productivity and miner safety at several prominent coal mines in the United States. In addition, the HS system can enable the cutting of cleaner coal. Stolar has driven the HS program on the philosophy that cutting cleaner coal means burning cleaner coal. The sensor, located inches from the cutting bits, is based upon the physics principles of a Resonant Microstrip Patch Antenna (RMPA). When it is in proximity of the rock-coal interface, the RMPA impedance varies depending on the thickness of uncut coal. The impedance is measured by the computer-controlled electronics and then sent by radio waves to the mining machine. The worker at the machine can read the data via a Graphical User Interface, displaying a color-coded image of the coal being cut, and direct the machine appropriately. The Horizon Sensor program began development in 1998 and experienced three major design phases. The final version, termed HS-3, was commissioned in 2000 with the assistance of the DOE-Mining Industry of the Future program, commercialized in 2002, and has been used 14 times in 12 different mines within the United States. The Horizon Sensor has applications in both underground and surface mining operations. This technology is primarily used in the coal industry, but is also used to mine trona and potash. All horizon sensor components have Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) (United States) and IEC (International) certification. Horizon Sensing saves energy by maximizing cutting efficiency, cutting only desired material. This desired material is cleaner fuel, therefore reducing pollutants to the atmosphere when burned and burning more efficiently. Extracting only desired material increases productivity by reducing or eliminating the cleaning step after extraction. Additionally, this technology allows for deeper mining, resulting in more material gained from one location. The remote sensing tool allows workers to operate the machinery away from the hazards of cutting coal, including noise, breathing dust and gases, and coal and rock splintering and outbursts. The HS program has primarily revolved around the development of the technology. However, the end goal of the program has always been the commercialization of the technology and only within the last 2 years of the program has this goal been realized. Real-time horizon sensing on mining machines is becoming an industry tool. Detailed monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing.
Time Machines with Non-compactly Generated Cauchy Horizons and ``Handy Singularities"
S. V. Krasnikov
1997-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
The use of "handy singularities" (i.e. singularities similar to those arising in the Deutch-Politzer space) enables one to avoid (almost) all known difficulties inherent usually to creation of time machines. A simple method is discussed for constructing a variety of such singularities. A few 3-dimensional examples are cited.
Analysis of Unconstrained Nonlinear MPC Schemes with Time Varying Control Horizon
Knobloch,JÃ¼rgen
) has become a well-established method for optimal control of linear and nonlinear systems, see, e state, a finite horizon optimal control problem is solved and the first element (or sometimes also more) of the resulting optimal control sequence is used as input for the next sampling interval(s). This procedure
A receding horizon control approach to sampled-data implementation of continuous-time controllers
Nesic, Dragan
(digital) controller. While tools for analysis and design of linear sampled-data systems are well developed] can be directly used for analysis of stability of our closed-loop system. Keywords: Controller design in implementing digitally continuous-time controllers that have been already designed. The cost function that we
A study of different horizons in inhomogeneous LTB cosmological model
Subenoy Chakraborty; Subhajit Saha
2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
This work deals with a detailed study of the dynamics of the apparent, event and particle horizons in the background of the inhomogeneous LTB spacetime. The comparative study among these horizons shows a distinct character for apparent horizon compared to the other horizons. The apparent horizon will be a trapping horizon if its acceleration is positive. The Kodama vector is also defined and its causal character is found to be similar to that in the FRW model.
Pazzani, Michael J.
An Indexing Scheme for Fast Similarity Search in Large Time Series Databases Eamonn J. Keogh, California 92697 USA {eamonn,pazzani}@ics.uci.edu Abstract We address the problem of similarity search similar element of the bin. This bound allows us to search the bins in best first order, and to prune some
Physical observability of horizons
Visser, Matt
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Event horizons are (generically) not physically observable. In contrast, apparent horizons (and the closely related trapping horizons) are generically physically observable --- in the sense that they can be detected by observers working in finite-size regions of spacetime. Consequently event horizons are inappropriate tools for defining astrophysical black holes, or indeed for defining any notion of evolving}black hole, (evolving either due to accretion or Hawking radiation). The only situation in which an event horizon becomes physically observable is for the very highly idealized stationary or static black holes, when the event horizon is a Killing horizon which is degenerate with the apparent and trapping horizons; and then it is the physical observability of the apparent/trapping horizons that is fundamental --- the event horizon merely comes along for the ride.
Area products for black hole horizons
Visser, Matt
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Area products for multi-horizon black holes often have intriguing properties, and are often independent of the mass of the black hole (depending only on various charges, angular momenta, and moduli). Such products are often formulated in terms of the areas of inner (Cauchy) horizons and event horizons, and often include the effects of unphysical "virtual'" horizons. For the Schwarzschild-de Sitter [Kottler] black hole in (3+1) dimensions it is shown by explicit exact calculation that the product of event horizon area and cosmological horizon area is not mass independent. (Including the effect of the third "virtual" horizon does not improve the situation.) Similarly, in the Reissner-Nordstrom-anti-de Sitter black hole in (3+1) dimensions the product of inner (Cauchy) horizon area and event horizon area is calculated (perturbatively), and is shown to be not mass independent. That is, the mass-independence of the product of physical horizon areas is not generic. In the generic situation, whenever the quasi-local...
Yates, Andrew
/09) HorizonCareLinkSM All the help you need online Horizon Health EAP also provides services through counselors- Child care or elder care services- Pet care and veterinarians- Adoption resources- Health clubsHorizon Health EAP Services Employee Assistance Program with Telephone and 3 Face
Deepwater Horizon Situation Report #5
none,
2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
At approximately 11:00 pm EDT April 20, 2010 an explosion occurred aboard the Deepwater Horizon mobile offshore drilling unit (MODU) located 52 miles Southeast of Venice, LA and 130 miles southeast of New Orleans, LA. The MODU was drilling an exploratory well and was not producing oil at the time of the incident. The Deepwater Horizon MODU sank 1,500 feet northwest of the well site. Detailed information on response and recovery operations can be found at: http://www.deepwaterhorizonresponse.com/go/site/2931/
Apparent Horizons in Vacuum Robinson-Trautman Spacetimes
E. W. M. Chow; A. W. -C. Lun
1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Vacuum asymptotically flat Robinson-Trautman spacetimes are a well known class of spacetimes exhibiting outgoing gravitational radiation. In this paper we describe a method of locating the past apparent horizon in these spacetimes, and discuss the properties of the horizon. We show that the past apparent horizon is non-timelike, and that its surface area is a decreasing function of the retarded time. A numerical simulation of the apparent horizon is also discussed.
Ghosh, Sayantan; Panigrahi, Prasanta K
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We make use of wavelet transform to study the multi-scale, self similar behavior and deviations thereof, in the stock prices of large companies, belonging to different economic sectors. The stock market returns exhibit multi-fractal characteristics, with some of the companies showing deviations at small and large scales. The fact that, the wavelets belonging to the Daubechies' (Db) basis enables one to isolate local polynomial trends of different degrees, plays the key role in isolating fluctuations at different scales. We make use of Db4 and Db6 basis sets to respectively isolate local linear and quadratic trends at different scales in order to study the statistical characteristics of these financial time series. The fluctuations reveal fat tail non-Gaussian behavior, unstable periodic modulations, at finer scales, from which the characteristic $k^{-3}$ power law behavior emerges at sufficiently large scales. We further identify stable periodic behavior through the continuous Morlet wavelet.
J. Gutowski; G. Papadopoulos
2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
We determine the geometry of all static black hole horizons of M-theory preserving at least one supersymmetry. We demonstrate that all such horizons are either warped products R^{1,1} *_w S or AdS_2 *_w S, where S admits an appropriate Spin(7) or SU(4) structure respectively; and we derive the conditions imposed by supersymmetry on these structures. We show that for electric static horizons with Spin(7) structure, the near horizon geometry is a product R^{1,1} * S, where S is a compact Spin(7) holonomy manifold. For electric static solutions with SU(4) structure, we show that the horizon section S is a circle fibration over an 8-dimensional Kahler manifold which satisfies an additional condition involving the Ricci scalar and the length of the Ricci tensor. Solutions include AdS_2 * S^3 * CY_6 as well as many others constructed from taking the 8-dimensional Kahler manifold to be a product of Kahler-Einstein and Calabi-Yau spaces.
Black Hole Initial Data with a Horizon of Prescribed Geometry
Brian Smith
2007-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this work is to construct asymptotically flat, time symmetric initial data with an apparent horizon of prescribed intrinsic geometry. To do this, we use the parabolic partial differential equation for prescribing scalar curvature. In this equation the horizon geometry is contained within the freely specifiable part of the metric. This contrasts with the conformal method in which the geometry of the horizon can only be specified up to a conformal factor.
Online Horizon Selection in Receding Horizon Temporal Logic Planning
Murray, Richard M.
- ative, short horizon solutions, using the currently observed state to compute a control strategy synthesis for temporal logic, but have thus far been limited by pursuing a single sequence of short horizon problems to the current goal. We propose a receding horizon algorithm for reactive synthesis that au
Investors' horizon and stock prices
Parsa, Sahar
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation consists of three essays on the relation between investors' trading horizon and stock prices. The first chapter explores the theoretical relation between the horizon of traders and the negative externality ...
Spacetimes containing slowly evolving horizons
W. Kavanagh; I. Booth
2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
Slowly evolving horizons are trapping horizons that are "almost" isolated horizons. This paper reviews their definition and discusses several spacetimes containing such structures. These include certain Vaidya and Tolman-Bondi solutions as well as (perturbatively) tidally distorted black holes. Taking into account the associated mass scales, they also suggest that slowly evolving horizons are the norm rather than the exception in astrophysical processes that involve stellar-scale black holes.
Can an evolving Universe host a static event horizon?
Aharon Davidson; Shimon Rubin; Yosef Verbin
2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
We prove the existence of general relativistic perfect fluid black hole solutions, and demonstrate the phenomenon for the $P=w\\rho$ class of equations of state. While admitting a local time-like Killing vector on the event horizon itself, the various black hole configurations are necessarily time dependent (thereby avoiding a well known no-go theorem) away from the horizon. Consistently, Hawking's imaginary time periodicity is globally manifest on the entire spacetime manifold.
Optical geometry across the horizon
Rickard Jonsson
2007-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
In a companion paper (Jonsson and Westman, Class. Quantum Grav. 23 (2006) 61), a generalization of optical geometry, assuming a non-shearing reference congruence, is discussed. Here we illustrate that this formalism can be applied to a finite four-volume of any spherically symmetric spacetime. In particular we apply the formalism, using a non-static reference congruence, to do optical geometry across the horizon of a static black hole. While the resulting geometry in principle is time dependent, we can choose the reference congruence in such a manner that an embedding of the geometry always looks the same. Relative to the embedded geometry the reference points are then moving. We discuss the motion of photons, inertial forces and gyroscope precession in this framework.
Thermodynamics of apparent horizon and modified Friedman equations
Ahmad Sheykhi
2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
Starting from the first law of thermodynamics, $dE=T_hdS_h+WdV$, at apparent horizon of a FRW universe, and assuming that the associated entropy with apparent horizon has a quantum corrected relation, $S=\\frac{A}{4G}-\\alpha \\ln \\frac{A}{4G}+\\beta \\frac{4G}{A}$, we derive modified Friedmann equations describing the dynamics of the universe with any spatial curvature. We also examine the time evolution of the total entropy including the quantum corrected entropy associated with the apparent horizon together with the matter field entropy inside the apparent horizon. Our study shows that, with the local equilibrium assumption, the generalized second law of thermodynamics is fulfilled in a region enclosed by the apparent horizon.
) ------- The Deepwater Horizon oil spill Natural Resource Damage Assessment Trustees (Trustees) today announced another Horizon oil spill Natural Resource Damage Assessment and restoration will continue until the publicDeepwater Horizon Natural Resource Damage Assessment Deepwater Horizon Trustees Announce Agreement
Pedagogical notes on black holes, de Sitter space, and bifurcated horizons
Tom Banks
2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
I discuss black hole evaporation in two different coordinate systems and argue that the results of the two are compatible once one takes the holographic principle into account. de Sitter space is then discussed along similar lines. Finally I make some remarks about smooth initial conditions in GR, which evolve to space-times with bifurcate horizons, and emphasize the care one must take in identifying spaces of solutions of General Relativity which belong to the same quantum theory of gravity. No really new material is presented, but the point of view I take on all 3 subjects is not widely appreciated.
Offset-free Receding Horizon Control of Constrained Linear Systems subject to
Cambridge, University of
Offset-free Receding Horizon Control of Constrained Linear Systems subject to Time/F-INFENG/TR.468 November 4, 2003 #12;Offset-free Receding Horizon Control of Constrained Linear Systems subject and offset-free control of con- strained, linear time-invariant systems in the presence of time
Fate and Speciation of Gasoline-Derived Lead in Organic Horizons of the Northeastern USA
Kaste,J.; Bostick, B.; Friedland, A.; Schroth, A.; Siccama, T.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Although legislation in the late 1970s significantly reduced atmospheric lead (Pb) inputs to ecosystems in North America, organic (O) horizons in forests of the northeastern USA still contain up to 30 kg of gasoline-derived Pb ha{sup -1}. The residence time, geochemical behavior, and fate of this contaminant Pb in soils is poorly understood. Here we use forest floor time series data and synchrotron-based X-ray techniques to examine the mobility and speciation of Pb in O horizons collected from remote sites across the northeastern USA. At high elevation (>800 m) sites in Vermont and New York, samples collected from similar locations in 1980, 1990, and early 2000 had indistinguishable Pb contents, ranging ({+-}1{sigma}) from 11 to 29 kg Pb ha{sup -1}. However, at lower elevation and lower latitude sites with mixed vegetation, significant decreases in Pb amount were observed during the two-decade study period. Lower elevation sites ranged from 10 to 20 kg Pb ha{sup -1} in 1980, and from 2 to 10 kg Pb ha{sup -1} 20 yr later. Lead-enriched soil grains were determined to be amorphous with microfocused X-ray diffraction, and Pb concentrations correlated well with Fe on maps generated via microfocused X-ray fluorescence. Bulk Pb L{sub III}-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy of coniferous O horizon samples indicate that Pb is binding to iron-rich soil particles by inner-sphere complexes, most likely to amorphous Fe oxides. Based on our paired regional and microscopic observations, we conclude that Pb is strongly retained in well-drained O horizons, and mobility is governed by decomposition and colloidal transport.
Dual-Sampling-Rate Moving Horizon Control of a Class of Linear Systems with Input Saturation and
Dual-Sampling-Rate Moving Horizon Control of a Class of Linear Systems with Input Saturation horizon control scheme for a class of linear, continuous-time plants with strict input saturation horizon control, robust, fast sampling, stability, linear sys- tems, input constraints 1 Introduction
Surface gravities for non-Killing horizons
Cropp, Bethan; Visser, Matt
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
There are many logically and computationally distinct characterizations of the surface gravity of a horizon, just as there are many logically rather distinct notions of horizon. Fortunately, in standard general relativity, for stationary horizons, most of these characterizations are degenerate. However, in modified gravity, or in analogue spacetimes, horizons may be non-Killing or even non-null, and hence these degeneracies can be lifted. We present a brief overview of the key issues, specifically focusing on horizons in analogue spacetimes and universal horizons in modified gravity.
Black hole initial data with a horizon of prescribed intrinsic and extrinsic geometry
Brian Smith
2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this work is to construct asymptotically flat, time symmetric initial data with an apparent horizon of prescribed intrinsic and extrinsic geometry. To do this, we use the parabolic partial differential equation for prescribing scalar curvature. In this equation the horizon geometry is contained within the freely specifiable part of the metric. This contrasts with the conformal method in which the geometry of the horizon can only be specified up to a conformal factor.
Inflationary Axion Cosmology Beyond Our Horizon
David B. Kaplan; Ann E. Nelson
2008-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
In theories of axion dark matter with large axion decay constant, temperature variations in the CMB are extremely sensitive to perturbations in the initial axion field, allowing one to place a lower bound on the total amount of inflation. The most stringent bound comes from axion strings, which for axion decay constant f=10^17 GeV would currently be observable at a distance of 6 x 10^16 light-years, nearly ten million times as far away as our horizon.
Brian Cox
2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The National Ignition Facility, the world's largest laser system, located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, was featured in the BBC broadcast "Horizon" hosted by physicist Brian Cox. Here is the NIF portion of the program, which was entitled "Can We Make A Star On Earth?" This video is used with the express permission of the BBC.
Directly observing entropy accumulate on the horizon and holography
Ariel Edery; Hugues Beauchesne
2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Recent numerical simulations of gravitational collapse show that there exists a special foliation of the spacetime where matter and entropy accumulate directly on the inside of the horizon surface. In this foliation, the time coincides with the proper time of the asymptotic static observer (ASO) and for spherical symmetry, this corresponds to isotropic coordinates. In this gauge, the three-volume in the interior shrinks to zero and only the horizon area remains at the end of collapse. In a different foliation, matter and entropy accumulate in the volume. The entropy is however independent of the foliation. Black hole holography is therefore a mapping from an arbitrary foliation, where information resides in the volume, to the special ASO frame, where it resides directly on the horizon surface.
The Path to Disaster The Deepwater Horizon
Pym, David J.
was not disconnected · The escaping gas ignited · 11 dead · The drilling rig Deepwater Horizon sank after 2 days #1221/08/2013 1 The Path to Disaster The Deepwater Horizon BP's disaster in the Gulf of Mexico Industrial Psychology Research Centre 14th August, 2013 Transocean Deepwater Horizon #12;21/08/2013 2
Regularity of Horizons and The Area Theorem Piotr T. Chru sciel Erwann Delay y
ChruÂ?ciel, Piotr T.
Conclusions 51 A The Geometry of C 2 Null Hypersurfaces 52 B Some comments on the area theorem of HawkingRegularity of Horizons and The Area Theorem Piotr T. Chru#19;sciel #3; Erwann Delay y D#19 12, 2000 Abstract We prove that the area of sections of future event horizons in space{ times
Emergent Horizons in the Laboratory
Ralf Schützhold
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The concept of a horizon known from general relativity describes the loss of causal connection and can be applied to non-gravitational scenarios such as out-of-equilibrium condensed-matter systems in the laboratory. This analogy facilitates the identification and theoretical study (e.g., regarding the trans-Planckian problem) and possibly the experimental verification of "exotic" effects known from gravity and cosmology, such as Hawking radiation. Furthermore, it yields a unified description and better understanding of non-equilibrium phenomena in condensed matter systems and their universal features. By means of several examples including general fluid flows, expanding Bose-Einstein condensates, and dynamical quantum phase transitions, the concepts of event, particle, and apparent horizons will be discussed together with the resulting quantum effects.
Horizons cannot save the Landscape
Iosif Bena; Alex Buchel; Oscar J. C. Dias
2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
Solutions with anti-D3 branes in a Klebanov-Strassler geometry with positive charge dissolved in fluxes have a certain singularity corresponding to a diverging energy density of the RR and NS-NS three-form fluxes. There are many hopes and arguments for and against this singularity, and we attempt to settle the issue by examining whether this singularity can be cloaked by a regular event horizon. This is equivalent to the existence of asymptotically Klebanov-Tseytlin or Klebanov-Strassler black holes whose charge measured at the horizon has the opposite sign to the asymptotic charge. We find that no such KT solution exists. Furthermore, for a large class of KS black holes we considered, the charge at the horizon must also have the same sign as the asymptotic charge, and is completely determined by the temperature, the number of fractional branes and the gaugino masses of the dual gauge theory. Our result suggests that antibrane singularities in backgrounds with charge in the fluxes are unphysical, which in turn raises the question as to whether antibranes can be used to uplift AdS vacua to deSitter ones. Our results also point out to a possible instability mechanism for the antibranes.
Horizon of quantum black holes in various dimensions
Casadio, Roberto; Giugno, Andrea; Mureika, Jonas
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We adapt the horizon wave-function formalism to describe massive static spherically symmetric sources in a general $(1+D)$-dimensional space-time, for $D>3$ and including the $D=1$ case. We find that the probability $P_{\\rm BH} $ that such objects are (quantum) black holes behaves similarly to the probability in the $(3+1)$ framework for $D> 3$. In fact, for $D\\ge 3$, the probability increases towards unity as the mass grows above the relevant $D$-dimensional Planck scale $m_D$, the faster the larger $D$. In contrast, for $D=1$, we find the probability is comparably larger for smaller masses, but $P_{\\rm BH} < 0.5$, suggesting that such lower dimensional black holes are purely quantum and not classical objects. This result is consistent with recent observations that sub-Planckian black holes are governed by an effective two-dimensional gravitation theory. Lastly, we derive Generalised Uncertainty Principle relations for the black holes under consideration, and for all cases find a minimum length scale $L_D...
Spacetime near isolated and dynamical trapping horizons
Ivan Booth
2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study the near-horizon spacetime for isolated and dynamical trapping horizons (equivalently marginally outer trapped tubes). The metric is expanded relative to an ingoing Gaussian null coordinate and the terms of that expansion are explicitly calculated to second order. For the spacelike case, knowledge of the intrinsic and extrinsic geometry of the (dynamical) horizon is sufficient to determine the near-horizon spacetime, while for the null case (an isolated horizon) more information is needed. In both cases spacetime is allowed to be of arbitrary dimension and the formalism accomodates both general relativity as well as more general field equations. The formalism is demonstrated for two applications. First, spacetime is considered near an isolated horizon and the construction is both checked against the Kerr-Newman solution and compared to the well-known near-horizon limit for stationary extremal black hole spacetimes. Second, spacetime is examined in the vicinity of a slowly evolving horizon and it is demonstrated that there is always an event horizon candidate in this region. The geometry and other properties of this null surface match those of the slowly evolving horizon to leading order and in this approximation the candidate evolves in a locally determined way. This generalizes known results for Vaidya as well as certain spacetimes known from studies of the fluid-gravity correspondence.
Variable horizon in a peridynamic medium.
Silling, Stewart A.; Littlewood, David John; Seleson, Pablo
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
A notion of material homogeneity is proposed for peridynamic bodies with vari- able horizon but constant bulk properties. A relation is derived that scales the force state according to the position-dependent horizon while keeping the bulk properties un- changed. Using this scaling relation, if the horizon depends on position, artifacts called ghost forces may arise in a body under homogeneous deformation. These artifacts de- pend on the second derivative of horizon and can be reduced by use of a modified equilibrium equation using a new quantity called the partial stress . Bodies with piece- wise constant horizon can be modeled without ghost forces by using a technique called a splice between the regions. As a limiting case of zero horizon, both partial stress and splice techniques can be used to achieve local-nonlocal coupling. Computational examples, including dynamic fracture in a one-dimensional model with local-nonlocal coupling, illustrate the methods.
Two physical characteristics of numerical apparent horizons
Ivan Booth
2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
This article translates some recent results on quasilocal horizons into the language of $(3+1)$ general relativity so as to make them more useful to numerical relativists. In particular quantities are described which characterize how quickly an apparent horizon is evolving and how close it is to either equilibrium or extremality.
An oblique membrane paradigm for cosmological horizon
Tower Wang
2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
The membrane paradigm is a formalism for studying the event horizon of black holes. After analyzing it with some technical details and realizing it in the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole, we extend the paradigm to cosmological horizons. A standard membrane paradigm is established for the pure de Sitter horizon, and an oblique membrane paradigm is proposed for the trapping horizon of the Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker universe. In the latter case, the cosmological stretched horizon is oblique, thus the running of renormalization parameter is nonzero in the timelike direction and gives a correction to the membrane pressure. In this paradigm, the cosmological equations come from continuity equations of the membrane fluid and the bulk fluid respectively.
New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems...
New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems January 30, 2008 - 6:47pm Addthis Artist's concept...
Horizon effects with surface waves on moving water
Germain Rousseaux; Philippe Maissa; Christian Mathis; Pierre Coullet; Thomas G. Philbin; Ulf Leonhardt
2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Surface waves on a stationary flow of water are considered, in a linear model that includes the surface tension of the fluid. The resulting gravity-capillary waves experience a rich array of horizon effects when propagating against the flow. In some cases three horizons (points where the group velocity of the wave reverses) exist for waves with a single laboratory frequency. Some of these effects are familiar in fluid mechanics under the name of wave blocking, but other aspects, in particular waves with negative co-moving frequency and the Hawking effect, were overlooked until surface waves were investigated as examples of analogue gravity [Sch\\"utzhold R and Unruh W G 2002 Phys. Rev. D 66 044019]. A comprehensive presentation of the various horizon effects for gravity-capillary waves is given, with emphasis on the deep water/short wavelength case kh>>1 where many analytical results can be derived. A similarity of the state space of the waves to that of a thermodynamic system is pointed out.
DualÂSamplingÂRate Moving Horizon Control of a Class of Linear Systems with Input SaturationÂsamplingÂrate moving horizon control scheme for a class of linear, continuousÂtime plants with strict input saturation, it is not computed by a simple linear feedback law, but as a solution of an optimal control problem. As a result
On Thermodynamics and Phase Space of Near Horizon Extremal Geometries
Hajian, Kamal
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Near Horizon Extremal Geometries (NHEG), are geometries which may appear in the near horizon region of the extremal black holes. These geometries have $SL(2,\\mathbb{R})\\!\\times\\!U(1)^n$ isometry, and constitute a family of solutions to the theory under consideration. In the first part of this report, their thermodynamic properties are reviewed, and their three universal laws are derived. In addition, at the end of the first part, the role of these laws in black hole thermodynamics is presented. In the second part of this thesis, we review building their classical phase space in the Einstein-Hilbert theory. The elements in the NHEG phase space manifold are built by appropriately chosen coordinate transformations of the original metric. These coordinate transformations are generated by some vector fields, dubbed "symplectic symmetry generators." To fully specify the phase space, we also need to identify the symplectic structure. In order to fix the symplectic structure, we use the formulation of Covariant Phase...
Locating Boosted Kerr and Schwarzschild Apparent Horizons
Mijan F. Huq; Matthew W. Choptuik; Richard A. Matzner
2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a finite-difference method for locating apparent horizons and illustrate its capabilities on boosted Kerr and Schwarzschild black holes. Our model spacetime is given by the Kerr-Schild metric. We apply a Lorentz boost to this spacetime metric and then carry out a 3+1 decomposition. The result is a slicing of Kerr/Schwarzschild in which the black hole is propagated and Lorentz contracted. We show that our method can locate distorted apparent horizons efficiently and accurately.
Fusion of Edge-less and Edge-based Approaches for Horizon Line Detection
Bebis, George
the horizon line. In the edge-less approach, classification is used to obtain a confidence of horizon-ness. Moreover, we propose fusing the information about the horizon-ness and edge-ness of each pixel. Our
Vacuum non-expanding horizons and shear-free null geodesic congruences
T. M. Adamo; E. T. Newman
2009-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the geometry of a particular class of null surfaces in space-time called vacuum Non-Expanding Horizons (NEHs). Using the spin-coefficient equation, we provide a complete description of the horizon geometry, as well as fixing a canonical choice of null tetrad and coordinates on a NEH. By looking for particular classes of null geodesic congruences which live exterior to NEHs but have the special property that their shear vanishes at the intersection with the horizon, a good cut formalism for NEHs is developed which closely mirrors asymptotic theory. In particular, we show that such null geodesic congruences are generated by arbitrary choice of a complex world-line in a complex four dimensional space, each such choice induces a CR structure on the horizon, and a particular world-line (and hence CR structure) may be chosen by transforming to a privileged tetrad frame.
Zager, Laura (Laura A.)
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Measures of graph similarity have a broad array of applications, including comparing chemical structures, navigating complex networks like the World Wide Web, and more recently, analyzing different kinds of biological data. ...
Thermodynamics of Evolving Lorentzian Wormholes at Apparent Horizon in $f(R)$ Theory of Gravity
H. Saiedi
2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
In the context of modified $f(R)$ gravity, we attempt to study the thermodynamic properties of the evolving Lorentzian wormholes at the apparent horizon. It is shown that the wormhole can be derived from a particular $f(R)$ model in the radiation background. Moreover, it has been shown that the field equations can be cast to a similar form $dE = TdS + WdV + Td\\bar{S}$ at the apparent horizon for the evolving Lorentzian wormhole. Compared to the case of Einstein's general relativity, an additional term $Td\\bar{S}$ appears here.
Tunneling into black hole, escape from black hole, reflection from horizon and pair creation
V. V. Flambaum
2004-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
Within classical general relativity, a particle cannot reach the horizon of a black hole during a finite time, in the reference frame of an external observer; a particle inside cannot escape from a black hole; and the horizon does not produce any reflection. We argue that these processes may possibly be allowed in the quantum world. It is known that quantum mechanics allows pair creation at the horizon (one particle inside, another particle outside) and Hawking radiation. One can extend this idea to propose other processes. Tunneling of an external particle inside black hole may be produced by the creation of a pair at the horizon, followed by the annihilation of one created particle with the initial particle outside, with the other created particle appearing inside. Escape of a particle from a black hole may result from the creation of a pair, followed by the annihilation of one created particle with the particle inside, with the other created particle appearing outside. The escape may allow the transfer of information to the outside.Finally, the reflection of an external particle from the horizon may be modelled by a combination of the two processes presented above. The relationship between these "pair creation-annihilation'' mechanisms and the "horizon tunneling" calculations [1-5] is discussed.
Evidence for the Black Hole Event Horizon
Ramesh Narayan; Jeremy S. Heyl
2002-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
Roughly a dozen X-ray binaries are presently known in which the compact accreting primary stars are too massive to be neutron stars. These primaries are identified as black holes, though there is as yet no definite proof that any of the candidate black holes actually possesses an event horizon. We discuss how Type I X-ray bursts may be used to verify the presence of the event horizon in these objects. Type I bursts are caused by thermonuclear explosions when gas accretes onto a compact star. The bursts are commonly seen in many neutron star X-ray binaries, but they have never been seen in any black hole X-ray binary. Our model calculations indicate that black hole candidates ought to burst frequently if they have surfaces. Based on this, we argue that the lack of bursts constitutes strong evidence for the presence of event horizons in these objects.
Revisiting Gribov's Copies Inside The Horizon
R. R. Landim; V. E. R. Lemes; O. S. Ventura; L. C. Q. Vilar
2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we recover the problem of legitimate topologically trivial Gribov copies inside the Gribov horizon. We avoid the reducibility problem which hampered the standard construction of van Baal, and then we are able to build a valid example with spherical symmetry. We also apply the same technique in the presence of a background of a Polyakov instanton in a Euclidian 3D spacetime, in order to study the effect of a non trivial environment in the generation of multiple copies inside the horizon.
Optimal investment on finite horizon with random discrete order flow in illiquid markets
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
both on trading and observation of the assets. For example, in power markets, trading occurs through at any time but trading occurs more frequently near a terminal horizon. The investor can observe and trade the risky asset only at exogenous random times corresponding to the order flow given
Crawford, T. Daniel
of Energy (DoE), multiprogram research and development (R&D) laboratory. ORNL performs world-leading Rwww.ictas.vt.edu NEW HORIZONS ICTAS SEMINAR SERIES Oak Ridge National Laboratory: Unlocking the Benefits of Nuclear Science and Technology The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a U.S. Department
Crawford, T. Daniel
.S. Department of Energy SunShot Initiative calls for an aggressive reduction in the overall systems costs by 75 year for solar with the U.S. surpassing the 10 GW milestone. While the initial cost reductionswww.ictas.vt.edu NEW HORIZONS ICTAS SEMINAR SERIES Towards Ubiquitous Cost- competitive Solar Power
Crawford, T. Daniel
, he was responsible for developing wind turbine engineeringanalysistools-based and offshore wind through its research and testing facilities and extends these capabilities to marinewww.ictas.vt.edu NEW HORIZONS ICTAS SEMINAR SERIES Research and Capabilities at the National Wind
NASA's New Horizons Mission Dr. Henry Throop
Throop, Henry
Battery Camera #12;LORRI (Visible Imager) PEPSSI SWAP (Solar Wind) RALPH (Visible/IR Imager/ Spectrometer't land, and it never comes back to Earth. New Horizons Spacecraft #12;Radio Battery Camera #12;Radio images. Refine radii and orbits. Search for rings and satellites. Search for clouds and hazes. !Ralph
Implementing an apparent-horizon finder in three dimensions
Thomas W. Baumgarte; Gregory B. Cook; Mark A. Scheel; Stuart L. Shapiro; Saul A. Teukolsky
1996-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
Locating apparent horizons is not only important for a complete understanding of numerically generated spacetimes, but it may also be a crucial component of the technique for evolving black-hole spacetimes accurately. A scheme proposed by Libson et al., based on expanding the location of the apparent horizon in terms of symmetric trace-free tensors, seems very promising for use with three-dimensional numerical data sets. In this paper, we generalize this scheme and perform a number of code tests to fully calibrate its behavior in black-hole spacetimes similar to those we expect to encounter in solving the binary black-hole coalescence problem. An important aspect of the generalization is that we can compute the symmetric trace-free tensor expansion to any order. This enables us to determine how far we must carry the expansion to achieve results of a desired accuracy. To accomplish this generalization, we describe a new and very convenient set of recurrence relations which apply to symmetric trace-free tensors.
Fiber-optical analogue of the event horizon: Appendices
Thomas G. Philbin; Chris Kuklewicz; Scott Robertson; Stephen Hill; Friedrich Konig; Ulf Leonhardt
2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z
We explain the theory behind our fiber-optical analogue of the event horizon and present the experiment in detail.
Deepwater Horizon Study Group 3 Environmental Report January 2011
Silver, Whendee
assessment of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, as well as summarize the lessons learned from the spillDeepwater Horizon Study Group 3 Environmental Report January 2011 1 The Macondo Blowout. #12;Deepwater Horizon Study Group The Macondo Blowout Environmental Report 2 1 Looking Back
Interlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon
, and sinking of BP's Deepwater Horizon drilling rig occurred approximately 40 miles off the Louisiana coastInterlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon Natural Resource Damage #12;2 NISTIR 7793 Interlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon Natural
Interlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon
. INTRODUCTION On April 20, 2010, a fatal explosion, fire, and sinking of BP's Deepwater Horizon drilling rigInterlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon Natural Resource Damage 7819 #12;2 NISTIR 7819 Interlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon Natural
Interlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon
, a fatal explosion, fire, and sinking of BP's Deepwater Horizon drilling rig occurred approximately 40Interlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon Natural Resource Damage 7792 #12;2 NISTIR 7792 Interlaboratory Analytical Comparison Study to Support Deepwater Horizon Natural
Fiber-optical analogue of the event horizon
Thomas G. Philbin; Chris Kuklewicz; Scott Robertson; Stephen Hill; Friedrich Konig; Ulf Leonhardt
2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
The physics at the event horizon resembles the behavior of waves in moving media. Horizons are formed where the local speed of the medium exceeds the wave velocity. We use ultrashort pulses in microstructured optical fibers to demonstrate the formation of an artificial event horizon in optics. We observed a classical optical effect, the blue-shifting of light at a white-hole horizon. We also show by theoretical calculations that such a system is capable of probing the quantum effects of horizons, in particular Hawking radiation.
Evidence for the Black Hole Event Horizon
Ramesh Narayan
2003-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
Astronomers have discovered many candidate black holes in X-ray binaries and in the nuclei of galaxies. The candidate objects are too massive to be neutron stars, and for this reason they are considered to be black holes. While the evidence based on mass is certainly strong, there is no proof yet that any of the objects possesses the defining characteristic of a black hole, namely an event horizon. Type I X-ray bursts, which are the result of thermonuclear explosions when gas accretes onto the surface of a compact star, may provide important evidence in this regard. Type I bursts are commonly observed in accreting neutron stars, which have surfaces, but have never been seen in accreting black hole candidates. It is argued that the lack of bursts in black hole candidates is compelling evidence that these objects do not have surfaces. The objects must therefore possess event horizons.
Overview of the New Horizons Science Payload
H. A. Weaver; W. C. Gibson; M. B. Tapley; L. A. Young; S. A. Stern
2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
The New Horizons mission was launched on 2006 January 19, and the spacecraft is heading for a flyby encounter with the Pluto system in the summer of 2015. The challenges associated with sending a spacecraft to Pluto in less than 10 years and performing an ambitious suite of scientific investigations at such large heliocentric distances (> 32 AU) are formidable and required the development of lightweight, low power, and highly sensitive instruments. This paper provides an overview of the New Horizons science payload, which is comprised of seven instruments. Alice provides spatially resolved ultraviolet spectroscopy. The Ralph instrument has two components: the Multicolor Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC), which performs panchromatic and color imaging, and the Linear Etalon Imaging Spectral Array (LEISA), which provides near-infrared spectroscopic mapping capabilities. The Radio Experiment (REX) is a component of the New Horizons telecommunications system that provides both occultation and radiometry capabilities. The Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) provides high sensitivity, high spatial resolution optical imaging capabilities. The Solar Wind at Pluto (SWAP) instrument measures the density and speed of solar wind particles. The Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) measures energetic protons and CNO ions. The Venetia Burney Student Dust Counter (VB-SDC) is used to record dust particle impacts during the cruise phases of the mission.
Avery E. Broderick; Ramesh Narayan; John Kormendy; Eric S. Perlman; Marcia J. Rieke; Sheperd S. Doeleman
2015-04-05T23:59:59.000Z
The 6 billion solar mass supermassive black hole at the center of the giant elliptical galaxy M87 powers a relativistic jet. Observations at millimeter wavelengths with the Event Horizon Telescope have localized the emission from the base of this jet to angular scales comparable to the putative black hole horizon. The jet might be powered directly by an accretion disk or by electromagnetic extraction of the rotational energy of the black hole. However, even the latter mechanism requires a confining thick accretion disk to maintain the required magnetic flux near the black hole. Therefore, regardless of the jet mechanism, the observed jet power in M87 implies a certain minimum mass accretion rate. If the central compact object in M87 were not a black hole but had a surface, this accretion would result in considerable thermal near-infrared and optical emission from the surface. Current flux limits on the nucleus of M87 strongly constrain any such surface emission. This rules out the presence of a surface and thereby provides indirect evidence for an event horizon.
One-Dimensional Infinite Horizon Nonconcave Optimal Control Problems Arising in Economic Dynamics
Zaslavski, Alexander J., E-mail: ajzasl@tx.technion.ac.il [Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Department of Mathematics (Israel)
2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the existence of optimal solutions for a class of infinite horizon nonconvex autonomous discrete-time optimal control problems. This class contains optimal control problems without discounting arising in economic dynamics which describe a model with a nonconcave utility function.
Offset-free Receding Horizon Control of Constrained Linear Gabriele Pannocchia1 Eric C. Kerrigan2
Cambridge, University of
Offset-free Receding Horizon Control of Constrained Linear Systems Gabriele Pannocchia1 Eric C stability and offset-free control of constrained linear systems in the presence of time-varying setpoints-free controller and computing an appropriate domain of attraction for this controller. The linear (unconstrained
Navier-Stokes on Black Hole Horizons and DC Thermoelectric Conductivity
Aristomenis Donos; Jerome P. Gauntlett
2015-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a general class of black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell theory which are holographically dual to CFTs with spatially dependent sources. We show that an averaged DC thermoelectric conductivity matrix can be obtained by solving the forced, linearised, time-independent Navier-Stokes equations on the black hole horizon for an incompressible and charged fluid.
Navier-Stokes on Black Hole Horizons and DC Thermoelectric Conductivity
Donos, Aristomenis
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a general class of black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell theory which are holographically dual to CFTs with spatially dependent sources. We show that an averaged DC thermoelectric conductivity matrix can be obtained by solving the forced, linearised, time-independent Navier-Stokes equations on the black hole horizon for an incompressible and charged fluid.
Gaussian Processes for Short-Horizon Wind Power Forecasting Joseph Bockhorst, Chris Barber
Bockhorst, Joseph
throughout a power system must be nearly in balance at all times, 2) because it depends strongly on windGaussian Processes for Short-Horizon Wind Power Forecasting Joseph Bockhorst, Chris Barber the substantial costs associated with integration of wind power to the power grid. There has been an increasing
Turnpike sets in stochastic manufacturing systems with nite time horizon
. A coal mine plant example. Consider the quarterly production plans for a local coal mine plant. The plant manu- facturing systems. The main objective is to minimize an expected discounted cost of inventories a given #12;xed demand rate at the minimum cost of inventories and backlogs? A new car model example
Rolling-Horizon Algorithm for Scheduling under Time-Dependent
Grossmann, Ignacio E.
of electricity · When and where to produce a certain grade? · How much to keep in storage? Meet product demands · Electricity pricing & availability · Due dates · Location of event points At demand points At some energy, USA #12;Introduction · Process operations are often subject to energy constraints Heating
Thermoelectric DC conductivities from black hole horizons
Aristomenis Donos; Jerome P. Gauntlett
2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z
An analytic expression for the DC electrical conductivity in terms of black hole horizon data was recently obtained for a class of holographic black holes exhibiting momentum dissipation. We generalise this result to obtain analogous expressions for the DC thermoelectric and thermal conductivities. We illustrate our results using some holographic Q-lattice black holes as well as for some black holes with linear massless axions, in both $D=4$ and $D=5$ bulk spacetime dimensions, which include both spatially isotropic and anisotropic examples. We show that some recently constructed ground states of holographic Q-lattices, which can be either electrically insulating or metallic, are all thermal insulators.
Horizon Wind Energy | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrothermDepew, NewAl.,HardinHeliosHope, Alaska: Energy Resources JumpHorace, NorthHorizon Wind
Dan Nelson; Joseph Hardin; Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier; Bradley Isom; Karen Johnson; Nitin Bharadwaj
2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
Dan Nelson; Joseph Hardin; Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier; Bradley Isom; Karen Johnson; Nitin Bharadwaj
2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Dan Nelson; Joseph Hardin; Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier; Bradley Isom; Karen Johnson; Nitin Bharadwaj
X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Dan Nelson; Joseph Hardin; Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier; Bradley Isom; Karen Johnson; Nitin Bharadwaj
Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Dan Nelson; Joseph Hardin; Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier; Bradley Isom; Karen Johnson; Nitin Bharadwaj
W-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (W-SACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
Dynamical Horizons: Energy, Angular Momentum, Fluxes and Balance Laws
Abhay Ashtekar; Badri Krishnan
2002-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
Dynamical horizons are considered in full, non-linear general relativity. Expressions of fluxes of energy and angular momentum carried by gravitational waves across these horizons are obtained. Fluxes are local, the energy flux is positive and change in the horizon area is related to these fluxes. The flux formulae also give rise to balance laws analogous to the ones obtained by Bondi and Sachs at null infinity and provide generalizations of the first and second laws of black hole mechanics.
Review of “Deepwater Horizon Release Estimate of Rate by PIV”
Onishi, Yasuo
2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Plume Calculation Team (PCT) conducted high quality work within a very short period of time, in spite of needing to use less than ideal quality videos provided by British Petroleum (BP), especially those made before the cutoff of the riser above the Blow Out Preventer (BOP) on June 3, 2010. There are at least two valid approaches for estimating the oil discharge coming out from the Deepwater Horizon broken pipeline and its riser, using BP videotapes. One method is to estimate the exit velocity directly with the use of the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The second method is to use a buoyant plume analysis to determine the exit velocity. The PCT used both of these methods.
Green Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for...
Investment Horizons: Effects of Policy on the Market for Building Energy Efficiency Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Investment...
Pluto's Seasons: New Predictions for New Horizons L. A. Young
Young, Leslie A.
(2012) and Young (in prep). Energy balance for the world that New Horizons will encounter in 2015, and our ability to relate this snapshot to preceding
Gribov's horizon and the ghost dressing function
Boucaud, Ph; Yaouanc, A Le; Micheli, J; Pène, O; Rodríguez-Quintero, J
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study a relation recently derived by K. Kondo at zero momentum between the Zwanziger's horizon function, the ghost dressing function and Kugo's functions $u$ and $w$. We agree with this result as far as bare quantities are considered. However, assuming the validity of the horizon gap equation, we argue that the solution $w(0)=0$ is not acceptable since it would lead to a vanishing renormalised ghost dressing function. On the contrary, when the cut-off goes to infinity, $u(0) \\to \\infty$, $w(0) \\to -\\infty$ such that $u(0)+w(0) \\to -1$. Furthermore $w$ and $u$ are not multiplicatively renormalisable. Relaxing the gap equation allows $w(0)=0$ with $u(0) \\to -1$. In both cases the bare ghost dressing function, $F(0,\\Lambda)$, goes logarithmically to infinity at infinite cut-off. We show that, although the lattice results provide bare results not so different from the $F(0,\\Lambda)=3$ solution, this is an accident due to the fact that the lattice cut-offs lie in the range 1-3 GeV$^{-1}$. We show that the renor...
Narayan, Ramesh; Perlman, Eric S; Rieke, Marcia J; Doeleman, Sheperd S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The 6 billion solar mass supermassive black hole at the center of the giant elliptical galaxy M87 powers a relativistic jet. Observations at millimeter wavelengths with the Event Horizon Telescope have localized the emission from the base of this jet to angular scales comparable to the putative black hole horizon. The jet might be powered directly by an accretion disk or by electromagnetic extraction of the rotational energy of the black hole. However, even the latter mechanism requires a confining thick accretion disk to maintain the required magnetic flux near the black hole. Therefore, regardless of the jet mechanism, the observed jet power in M87 implies a certain minimum mass accretion rate. If the central compact object in M87 were not a black hole but had a surface, this accretion would result in considerable thermal near-infrared and optical emission from the surface. Current flux limits on the nucleus of M87 strongly constrain any such surface emission. This rules out the presence of a surface and th...
Air-Shower Spectroscopy at horizons
D. Fargion
2005-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
Horizontal and Upward air-showers are suppressed by deep atmosphere opacity and by the Earth shadows. In such noise-free horizontal and upward directions rare Ultra High Cosmic rays and rarer neutrino induced air-showers may shine, mostly mediated by resonant PeVs interactions in air or by higher energy Tau Air-showers originated by neutrino tau skimming the Earth. At high altitude (mountains, planes, balloons) the air density is so rarefied that nearly all common air-showers might be observed at their maximal growth at a tuned altitude and directions. The arrival angle samples different distances and the corresponding most probable primary cosmic ray energy. The larger and larger distances (between observer and C.R. interaction) make wider and wider the shower area and it enlarge the probability to be observed (up to three order of magnitude more than vertical showers); the observation of a maximal electromagnetic shower development may amplify the signal by two-three order of magnitude (respect suppressed shower at sea level); the peculiar altitude-angle range may disentangle at best the primary cosmic ray energy and composition. Even from existing mountain observatory the up-going air-showers may trace, above the horizons, PeV-EeV high energy cosmic rays and, below the horizons, PeV-EeV neutrino astronomy: their early signals may be captured in already existing gamma telescopes as Magic at Canarie, while facing the Earth edges during (useless) cloudy nights.
Learning task-specific similarity
Shakhnarovich, Gregory
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The right measure of similarity between examples is important in many areas of computer science. In particular it is a critical component in example-based learning methods. Similarity is commonly defined in terms of a ...
Thermodynamics of Apparent Horizon and Friedmann Equations in Big Bounce Universe
Molin Liu; Yuling Yang; Jianbo Lv; Lixin Xu
2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, the thermodynamics of apparent horizon and Friedmann equations are studied in a big bounce universe typified by a non-singular big bounce, as opposed to a singular big bang. This cosmological model can describe radiation dominated early universe and matter dominated late universe in FRW model. Our calculational results show that Einstein gravitational field equations could be derived by the first law of thermodynamics and the fluid's continuity equation. The connections between thermodynamics and gravity are observed in big bounce universe. In the late stages of cold and hot universes, the apparent horizons are convergent and the time when apparent horizons begin to bounce essentially in agreement with that of universe's scalar factor. In the early stage of both cold and hot universes, we find there is only one geometry containing a 4D de Sitter universe with general state parameter. Furthermore, we also find the form of apparent horizon in early universe is strongly dependent on the extra dimension which suggests that the effect of extra dimension could be found in early universe.
On a resource allocation model with infinite horizon
Wagner, Marcus
into the model which contains a weight function. The new problem, called now the adapted resource allocationOn a resource allocation model with infinite horizon Valeriya Lykina, Sabine Pickenhain and Marcus 13 44, D-03013 Cottbus, Germany #12;On a Resource Allocation Model with Infinite Horizon Valeriya
Controller Synthesis for Constrained Flight Systems via Receding Horizon Optimization
Murray, Richard M.
Controller Synthesis for Constrained Flight Systems via Receding Horizon Optimization Richard M stabilize flight systems us- ing receding horizon, optimal control.1,8 This pa- per advocates the use functions at the inner and outer loop levels and significantly enhances the ability of the control system
Organic Aerosol Formation Downwind from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
Toohey, Darin W.
Organic Aerosol Formation Downwind from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Nicole ONeill - ATOC 3500 and aerosol composition of air over the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. · The lightest chemicals in the oil evaporated within hours, as scientists expected them to do. What they didn't expect
Finite-Horizon Optimal Transmission Policies for Energy Harvesting Sensors
Jagannathan, Krishna
Finite-Horizon Optimal Transmission Policies for Energy Harvesting Sensors Rahul Vaze School: krishnaj@ee.iitm.ac.in Abstract--In this paper, we derive optimal transmission poli- cies for energy harvesting sensors to maximize the utility obtained over a finite horizon. First, we consider a single energy
Airships: A New Horizon for Science
Miller, Sarah H; Hillenbrand, Lynne; Rhodes, Jason; Baird, Gil; Blake, Geoffrey; Booth, Jeff; Carlile, David E; Duren, Riley; Edworthy, Frederick G; Freeze, Brent; Friedl, Randall R; Goldsmith, Paul F; Hall, Jeffery L; Hoffman, Scott E; Hovarter, Scott E; Jensen-Clem, Rebecca M; Jones, Ross M; Kauffmann, Jens; Kiessling, Alina; King, Oliver G; Konidaris, Nick; Lachenmeier, Timothy L; Lord, Steven D; Neu, Jessica; Quetin, Gregory R; Ram, Alan; Sander, Stanley; Simard, Marc; Smith, Mike; Smith, Steve; Smoot, Sara; Susca, Sara; Swann, Abigail; Young, Eliot F; Zambrano, Thomas
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The "Airships: A New Horizon for Science" study at the Keck Institute for Space Studies investigated the potential of a variety of airships currently operable or under development to serve as observatories and science instrumentation platforms for a range of space, atmospheric, and Earth science. The participants represent a diverse cross-section of the aerospace sector, NASA, and academia. Over the last two decades, there has been wide interest in developing a high altitude, stratospheric lighter-than-air (LTA) airship that could maneuver and remain in a desired geographic position (i.e., "station-keeping") for weeks, months or even years. Our study found considerable scientific value in both low altitude ( 60 kft) airships across a wide spectrum of space, atmospheric, and Earth science programs. Over the course of the study period, we identified stratospheric tethered aerostats as a viable alternative to airships where station-keeping was valued over maneuverability. By opening up the sky and Earth's strato...
Horizon complementarity in elliptic de Sitter space
Lucas Hackl; Yasha Neiman
2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
We study a quantum field in elliptic de Sitter space dS_4/Z_2 - the spacetime obtained from identifying antipodal points in dS_4. We find that the operator algebra and Hilbert space cannot be defined for the entire space, but only for observable causal patches. This makes the system into an explicit realization of the horizon complementarity principle. In the absence of a global quantum theory, we propose a recipe for translating operators and states between observers. This translation involves information loss, in accordance with the fact that two observers see different patches of the spacetime. As a check, we recover the thermal state at the de Sitter temperature as a state that appears the same to all observers. This thermal state arises from the same functional that, in ordinary dS_4, describes the Bunch-Davies vacuum.
DOI Strategic Sciences Working Group Mississippi Canyon 252/Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
DOI Strategic Sciences Working Group Mississippi Canyon 252/Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Strategic Sciences Working Group Mississippi Canyon 252/Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Progress Report Executive Summary Introduction and Objectives The Mississippi Canyon 252/Deepwater Horizon (MS252) oil spill
Horizon news function and quasi-local energy-momentum flux near black hole
Yu-Huei Wu
2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
From the 'quasi-local' definition of horizons, e.g. isolated horizon and dynamical horizon, the consequence quasi-local energy-momentum near horizons can be observed by using the idea of frame alignment. In particular, we find the horizon news function from the asymptotic expansion near horizons and use this to describe the gravitational flux and change of mass of a black hole.
SunLine Expands Horizons with Fuel Cell Bus Demo. Hydrogen, Fuel...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Expands Horizons with Fuel Cell Bus Demo. Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program, Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration Projects (Fact Sheet). SunLine Expands Horizons...
RNA-Seq reveals complex genetic response to deepwater horizon oil release in Fundulus grandis
Garcia, Tzintzuni I; Shen, Yingjia; Crawford, Douglas; Oleksiak, Marjorie F; Whitehead, Andrew; Walter, Ronald B
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Abbreviations DH: Deepwater Horizon drilling platform; AHR:blowout of the Deepwater Horizon (DH) drilling platform wasexplosion of the Deepwater Hori- zon oil drilling platform
Horizon structure of rotating Einstein-Born-Infeld black holes and shadow
Atamurotov, Farruh; Ahmedov, Bobomurat
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the horizon structure of the rotating Einstein-Born-Infeld solution which goes over to the Einstein-Maxwell's Kerr-Newman solution as the Born-Infeld parameter goes to infinity ($\\beta \\rightarrow \\infty$). We find that for a given $\\beta$, mass $M$ and charge $Q$, there exist critical spinning parameter $a_{E}$ and $r_{H}^{E}$, which corresponds to an extremal Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole with degenerate horizons, and $a_{E}$ decreases and $r_{H}^{E}$ increases with increase in the Born-Infeld parameter $\\beta$. While $aEinstein-Born-Infeld black hole with outer and inner horizons. Similarly, the effect of $\\beta$ on infinite redshift surface and in turn on ergoregion is also included. It is well known that a black hole can cast a shadow as an optical appearance due to its strong gravitational field. We also investigate the shadow cast by the non-rotating ($a=0$) Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole and demonstrate that the null geodesic equations can be integr...
Perturbative String Thermodynamics near Black Hole Horizons
Thomas G. Mertens; Henri Verschelde; Valentin I. Zakharov
2015-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide further computations and ideas to the problem of near-Hagedorn string thermodynamics near (uncharged) black hole horizons, building upon our earlier work JHEP 1403 (2014) 086. The relevance of long strings to one-loop black hole thermodynamics is emphasized. We then provide an argument in favor of the absence of $\\alpha'$-corrections for the (quadratic) heterotic thermal scalar action in Rindler space. We also compute the large $k$ limit of the cigar orbifold partition functions (for both bosonic and type II superstrings) which allows a better comparison between the flat cones and the cigar cones. A discussion is made on the general McClain-Roth-O'Brien-Tan theorem and on the fact that different torus embeddings lead to different aspects of string thermodynamics. The black hole/string correspondence principle for the 2d black hole is discussed in terms of the thermal scalar. Finally, we present an argument to deal with arbitrary higher genus partition functions, suggesting the breakdown of string perturbation theory (in $g_s$) to compute thermodynamical quantities in black hole spacetimes.
Perturbative String Thermodynamics near Black Hole Horizons
Thomas G. Mertens; Henri Verschelde; Valentin I. Zakharov
2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z
We provide further computations and ideas to the problem of near-Hagedorn string thermodynamics near (uncharged) black hole horizons, building upon our earlier work JHEP 1403 (2014) 086. The relevance of long strings to one-loop black hole thermodynamics is emphasized. We then provide an argument in favor of the absence of $\\alpha'$-corrections for the (quadratic) heterotic thermal scalar action in Rindler space. We also compute the large $k$ limit of the cigar orbifold partition functions (for both bosonic and type II superstrings) which allows a better comparison between the flat cones and the cigar cones. A discussion is made on the general McClain-Roth-O'Brien-Tan theorem and on the fact that different torus embeddings lead to different aspects of string thermodynamics. The black hole/string correspondence principle for the 2d black hole is discussed in terms of the thermal scalar. Finally, we present an argument to deal with arbitrary higher genus partition functions, suggesting the breakdown of string perturbation theory (in $g_s$) to compute thermodynamical quantities in black hole spacetimes.
A note on electrical and thermodynamic properties of Isolated Horizon
Gerui Chen; Xiaoning Wu; Sijie Gao
2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z
The electrical laws and Carnot cycle of Isolated Horizon (IH) are investigated in this paper. We establish the Ohm's law and Joule's law of an Isolated Horizon, and find that the conceptual picture of black holes (Membrane Paradigm) can also apply to this kind of quasi-local black holes. We also investigate the geometrical properties near a non-rotating IH, and find that under the first-order approximation of r, there exist a Killing vector and a Hamiltonian conjugate to it, so this vector is a physical observer. We calculate the energy as measured at infinity of a particle at rest outside a non-rotating IH, and use this result to construct a reversible Carnot cycle with the Isolated Horizon as a cold reservoir, which confirms the thermodynamic nature of Isolated Horizon.
A note on electrical and thermodynamic properties of Isolated Horizon
Chen, Gerui; Gao, Sijie
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The electrical laws and Carnot cycle of Isolated Horizon (IH) are investigated in this paper. We establish the Ohm's law and Joule's law of an Isolated Horizon, and find that the conceptual picture of black holes (Membrane Paradigm) can also apply to this kind of quasi-local black holes. We also investigate the geometrical properties near a non-rotating IH, and find that under the first-order approximation of r, there exist a Killing vector and a Hamiltonian conjugate to it, so this vector is a physical observer. We calculate the energy as measured at infinity of a particle at rest outside a non-rotating IH, and use this result to construct a reversible Carnot cycle with the Isolated Horizon as a cold reservoir, which confirms the thermodynamic nature of Isolated Horizon.
Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles -Prediction horizon and
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Predictive energy management for hybrid electric vehicles - Prediction horizon and battery capacity of a combined hybrid electric vehicle. Keywords: Hybrid vehicles, Energy Management, Predictive control, Optimal predictive energy management realistic. This energy management strategy uses a dynamic programming algorithm
Approximate Dynamic Programming for a Class of Long-Horizon ...
2014-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
require hours to produce good solutions even when the planning horizon is 90 ... Surveys of general IRPs for all modes of transportation are given in [1] and [9]. .... Dynamic fleet management problems are a special case in this problem class.
Acoustic measurement of the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well flow rate
Camilli, Richard
On May 31, 2010, a direct acoustic measurement method was used to quantify fluid leakage rate from the Deepwater Horizon Macondo well prior to removal of its broken riser. This method utilized an acoustic imaging sonar and ...
Green functions and Euclidean fields near the bifurcate Killing horizon
Z. Haba
2007-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
We approximate a Euclidean version of a D+1 dimensional manifold with a bifurcate Killing horizon by a product of a two-dimensional Rindler space and a D-1 dimensional manifold M. We obtain approximate formulas for the Green functions. We study the behaviour of Green functions near the horizon and their dimensional reduction. We show that if M is compact then the massless minimally coupled quantum field contains a zero mode which is a conformal invariant free field on R^2. Then, the Green function near the horizon can be approximated by the Green function of the two-dimensional quantum field theory. The correction term is exponentially small away from the horizon. If the volume of a geodesic ball is growing to infinity with its radius then the Green function cannot be approximated by a two-dimensional one.
String-theoretic breakdown of effective field theory near black hole horizons
Dodelson, Matthew
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the validity of the equivalence principle near horizons in string theory, analyzing the breakdown of effective field theory caused by longitudinal string spreading effects. An experiment is set up where a detector is thrown into a black hole a long time after an early infalling string. Light cone gauge calculations, taken at face value, indicate a detectable level of root-mean-square longitudinal spreading of the initial string as measured by the late infaller. This results from the large relative boost between the string and detector in the near horizon region, which develops automatically despite their modest initial energies outside the black hole and the weak curvature in the geometry. We subject this scenario to basic consistency checks, using these to obtain a relatively conservative criterion for its detectability. In a companion paper, we exhibit longitudinal nonlocality in well-defined gauge-invariant S-matrix calculations, obtaining results consistent with the predicted spreading albe...
String-theoretic breakdown of effective field theory near black hole horizons
Matthew Dodelson; Eva Silverstein
2015-04-21T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the validity of the equivalence principle near horizons in string theory, analyzing the breakdown of effective field theory caused by longitudinal string spreading effects. An experiment is set up where a detector is thrown into a black hole a long time after an early infalling string. Light cone gauge calculations, taken at face value, indicate a detectable level of root-mean-square longitudinal spreading of the initial string as measured by the late infaller. This results from the large relative boost between the string and detector in the near horizon region, which develops automatically despite their modest initial energies outside the black hole and the weak curvature in the geometry. We subject this scenario to basic consistency checks, using these to obtain a relatively conservative criterion for its detectability. In a companion paper, we exhibit longitudinal nonlocality in well-defined gauge-invariant S-matrix calculations, obtaining results consistent with the predicted spreading albeit not in a direct analogue of the black hole process. We discuss applications of this effect to the firewall paradox, and estimate the time and distance scales it predicts for new physics near black hole and cosmological horizons.
Quantum mechanics emerges from information theory applied to causal horizons
Jae-Weon Lee
2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
It is suggested that quantum mechanics is not fundamental but emerges from classical information theory applied to causal horizons. The path integral quantization and quantum randomness can be derived by considering information loss of fields or particles crossing Rindler horizons for accelerating observers. This implies that information is one of the fundamental roots of all physical phenomena. The connection between this theory and Verlinde's entropic gravity theory is also investigated.
Quantum mechanics emerges from information theory applied to causal horizons
Lee, Jae-Weon
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is suggested that quantum mechanics is not fundamental but emerges from information theory applied to a causal horizon. The path integral quantization and quantum randomness can be derived by considering information loss of fields or particles crossing Rindler horizons for accelerating observers. This implies that information is one of the fundamental root of all physical phenomena. The connection between this theory and Verlinde's entropic gravity theory is also investigated.
Universal thermodynamics in different gravity theories: Modified entropy on the horizons
Saugata Mitra; Subhajit Saha; Subenoy Chakraborty
2015-03-10T23:59:59.000Z
The paper deals with universal thermodynamics for FRW model of the universe bounded by apparent (or event) horizon. Assuming Hawking temperature on the horizon, the unified first law is examined on the horizon for different gravity theories. The results show that equilibrium configuration is preserved with a modification to Bekenstein entropy on the horizon.
Nuclear multifragmentation and fission: similarity and differences
V. Karnaukhov; H. Oeschler; S. Avdeyev; V. Rodionov; V. Kirakosyan; A. Simonenko; P. Rukoyatkin; A. Budzanowski; W. Karcz; I. Skwirczynska; B. Czech; L. Chulkov; E. Kuzmin; E. Norbeck; A. Botvina
2006-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
Thermal multifragmentation of hot nuclei is interpreted as the nuclear liquid--fog phase transition deep inside the spinodal region. The experimental data for p(8.1GeV) + Au collisions are analyzed. It is concluded that the decay process of hot nuclei is characterized by two size parameters: transition state and freeze-out volumes. The similarity between dynamics of fragmentation and ordinary fission is discussed. The IMF emission time is related to the mean rupture time at the multi-scission point, which corresponds to the kinetic freeze-out configuration.
Roget's Thesaurus and Semantic Similarity
Jarmasz, Mario
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have implemented a system that measures semantic similarity using a computerized 1987 Roget's Thesaurus, and evaluated it by performing a few typical tests. We compare the results of these tests with those produced by WordNet-based similarity measures. One of the benchmarks is Miller and Charles' list of 30 noun pairs to which human judges had assigned similarity measures. We correlate these measures with those computed by several NLP systems. The 30 pairs can be traced back to Rubenstein and Goodenough's 65 pairs, which we have also studied. Our Roget's-based system gets correlations of .878 for the smaller and .818 for the larger list of noun pairs; this is quite close to the .885 that Resnik obtained when he employed humans to replicate the Miller and Charles experiment. We further evaluate our measure by using Roget's and WordNet to answer 80 TOEFL, 50 ESL and 300 Reader's Digest questions: the correct synonym must be selected amongst a group of four words. Our system gets 78.75%, 82.00% and 74.33% of ...
Acceleration of particles near the inner black hole horizon
O. B. Zaslavskii
2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
We study the possibility of obtaining unbound energy E_{c.m.} in the centre of mass frame when two particles collide near the inner black hole horizon. We consider two different cases - when both particles move (i) in the same direction or (ii) in the opposite ones. We also discuss two different versions of the effect - whether an infinite energy can be released in the collision (strong version) or the energy E_{c.m.} is finite but can be made as large as one likes (weak version). We demonstrate that the strong version of the effect is impossible in both cases (i) and (ii). In case (i) this is due to the fact that in the situation when E_{c.m.} formally diverges on the horizon, one of particles passes through the bifurcation point where two horizons meet while the second particle does not, so collision does not occur. In case (ii), both particles hit different branches of the horizon. The weak version is possible in both cases, provided at least one of particles starts its motion inside the horizon along the direction of spatial symmetry from infinity.
Gibbs Paradox and Similarity Principle
Shu-Kun Lin
2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
As no heat effect and mechanical work are observed, we have a simple experimental resolution of the Gibbs paradox: both the thermodynamic entropy of mixing and the Gibbs free energy change are zero during the formation of any ideal mixtures. Information loss is the driving force of these spontaneous processes. Information is defined as the amount of the compressed data. Information losses due to dynamic motion and static symmetric structure formation are defined as two kinds of entropies - dynamic entropy and static entropy, respectively. There are three laws of information theory, where the first and the second laws are analogs of the two thermodynamic laws. However, the third law of information theory is different: for a solid structure of perfect symmetry (e.g., a perfect crystal), the entropy (static entropy for solid state) S is the maximum. More generally, a similarity principle is set up: if all the other conditions remain constant, the higher the similarity among the components is, the higher the value of entropy of the mixture (for fluid phases) or the assemblage (for a static structure or a system of condensed phases) or any other structure (such as quantum states in quantum mechanics) will be, the more stable the mixture or the assemblage will be, and the more spontaneous the process leading to such a mixture or an assemblage or a chemical bond will be.
Thermodynamics of Black Hole Horizons and Kerr/CFT Correspondence
Bin Chen; Shen-xiu Liu; Jia-ju Zhang
2012-11-02T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we investigate the thermodynamics of the inner horizon and its implication on the holographic description of the black hole. We focus on the black holes with two physical horizons. Under reasonable assumption, we prove that the first law of thermodynamics of the outer horizon always indicates that of the inner horizon. As a result, the fact that the area product being mass-independent is equivalent to the relation $T_+S_+=T_-S_-$, with $T_\\pm$ and $S_\\pm$ being the Hawking temperatures and the entropies of the outer and inner horizon respectively. We find that the mass-independence of area product breaks down in general Myers-Perry black holes with spacetime dimension $d\\geq6$ and Kerr-AdS black holes with $d\\geq4$. Moreover we discuss the implication of the first laws of the outer and inner horizons on the thermodynamics of the right- and left-moving sectors of dual CFT in Kerr/CFT correspondence. We show that once the relation $T_+S_+=T_-S_-$ is satisfied, the central charges of two sectors must be same. Furthermore from the thermodynamics relations, we read the dimensionless temperatures of microscopic CFT, which are in exact agreement with the ones obtained from hidden conformal symmetry in the low frequency scattering off the black holes, and then determine the central charges. This method works well in well-known cases in Kerr/CFT correspondence, and reproduce successfully the holographic pictures for 4D Kerr-Newman and 5D Kerr black holes. We go on to predict the central charges and temperatures of a possible holographic CFT description dual to 5D doubly rotating black ring.
Dynamics of the Cosmological Apparent Horizon: Surface Gravity & Temperature
Alexis Helou
2015-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
In the context of thermodynamics applied to our cosmological apparent horizon, we explicit in greater details our previous work which established the Friedmann Equations from projection of Hayward's Unified First Law. In particular, we show that the dynamical Hayward-Kodama surface gravity is perfectly well-defined and is suitable for this derivation. We then relate this surface gravity to a physical notion of temperature, and show this has constant, positive sign for any kind of past-inner trapping horizons. Hopefully this will clarify the choice of temperature in a dynamical Friedmann-Lema\\^itre-Roberston-Walker spacetime.
Spectral properties of acoustic black hole radiation: Broadening the horizon
Finazzi, Stefano; Parentani, Renaud [SISSA, via Bonomea 265, Trieste 34151 (Italy) and INFN sezione di Trieste, Via Valerio 2, Trieste 34127 (Italy); Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, CNRS UMR 8627, Batiment 210, Universite Paris-Sud 11, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)
2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The sensitivity of the black hole spectrum when introducing short distance dispersion is studied in the context of atomic Bose condensates. By considering flows characterized by several length scales, we show that, while the spectrum remains remarkably Planckian, the temperature is no longer fixed by the surface gravity. Rather it is determined by the average of the flow gradient across the horizon over an interval fixed by the healing length and the surface gravity, as if the horizon were broadened. This remains valid as long as the flow does not induce nonadiabatic effects that produce oscillations or some parametric amplification of the flux.
Horizons and Tunneling in the Euclidean False Vacuum
Kate Marvel; Neil Turok
2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
In the thin-wall approximation, the decay of a gravitating false vacuum to a lower-energy state is affected by the cosmological horizon structure in both spaces. The nucleation radius of a bubble of true vacuum depends on the surface tension of its boundary and equals the false vacuum cosmological horizon at a critical tension. We argue that there is no tunneling instanton solution beyond the critical tension and argue that there is therefore a bound on allowed membrane tension in theories which rely on semiclassical tunneling to relax the cosmological constant.
Thermodynamics on the apparent horizon in generalized gravity theories
Shao-Feng Wu; Bin Wang; Guo-Hong Yang
2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z
We present a general procedure to construct the first law of thermodynamics on the apparent horizon and illustrate its validity by examining it in some extended gravity theories. Applying this procedure, we can describe the thermodynamics on the apparent horizon in Randall-Sundrum braneworld imbedded in a nontrivial bulk. We discuss the mass-like function which was used to link Friedmann equation to the first law of thermodynamics and obtain its special case which gives the generalized Misner-Sharp mass in Lovelock gravity.
On the construction of Hartle-Hawking-Israel states across a static bifurcate Killing horizon
Ko Sanders
2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a linear scalar quantum field propagating in a space-time with a static bifurcate Killing horizon and a wedge reflection. We prove the existence of a Hadamard state which is pure, quasi-free, invariant under the Killing flow and which restricts to a double KMS state at the inverse Hawking temperature on the union of the exterior wedge regions. The existence of such a state was first conjectured by Hartle and Hawking (1976) and Israel (1976) for stationary black hole space times. Our result complements a uniqueness result of Kay and Wald (1991), who considered a general bifurcate Killing horizon and proved that a certain (large) subalgebra of the free field algebra admits at most one Hadamard state which is invariant under the Killing flow. In the presence of a wedge reflection this state reduces to a pure, quasi-free KMS state on the smaller subalgebra associated to one of the exterior wedge regions. Our result establishes the existence of such a state on the full algebra in the static case. Our proof follows the arguments of Sewell (1982) and Jacobson (1994), exploiting a Wick rotation in the Killing time coordinate to construct a corresponding Euclidean theory. Because the Killing time coordinate is ill-defined on the bifurcation surface we systematically replace it by a Gaussian normal coordinate. A crucial part of our proof is to establish that the Euclidean ground state satisfies the necessary analogs of analyticity and reflection positivity with respect to this coordinate.
Uncertain Time-Series Similarity: Return to the Basics
Palpanas, Themis
efficiency, prod- uct quality and safety, hydrologic and geologic observing systems, pollution management- sor networks are used in hydrologic and geologic ob- serving systems, pollution management in urban of ap- plication domains, including traffic flow management, me- teorology, astronomy, remote sensing
An Efficient and Accurate Method for Evaluating Time Series Similarity
Michigan, University of
, the methods whose matching criteria is bounded by a specified threshold value, such as the LCSS and the EDR to evaluate such threshold value techniques, including LCSS and EDR. Using FTSE, we show that these techniques in a framework that can evaluate a richer range of threshold-based scoring techniques, of which EDR and LCSS
Abreu, Gabriel
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a general time-dependent (3+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric spacetime, the so-called Kodama vector is a naturally defined geometric quantity that is timelike outside the evolving horizon and so defines a preferred class of fiducial observers. However the Kodama vector does not by itself define any preferred notion of time. We demonstrate that a preferred time coordinate - which we shall call Kodama time - can be introduced by taking the additional step of applying the Clebsch decomposition theorem to the Kodama vector. We thus construct a geometrically preferred coordinate system for any time-dependent spherically symmetric spacetime, and explore its properties. In particular we use this formalism to construct a general class of conservation laws, generalizing Kodama's energy flux. We study the geometrically preferred fiducial observers, and demonstrate that it is possible to define and calculate a generalized notion of surface gravity that is valid throughout the entire evolving spacetime. Furthermor...
Seismic Volume Visualization for Horizon Extraction Daniel Patel
present a novel system for rapidly interpret- ing and visualizing seismic volumetric data. First we to seismic data interpretation. Keywords: Seismic interpretation, Seismic horizons, Volume ren- dering hydrocarbons are trapped. In this paper we present a system for rapid interpretation of seismic reflection
Evolution of the horizons for dark energy universe
Ritabrata Biswas; Nairwita Mazumder; Subenoy Chakraborty
2011-06-12T23:59:59.000Z
Recent observational evidences of accelerating phase of the universe strongly demand that the dominating matter in the universe is in the form of dark energy. In this work, we study the evolution of the apparent and event horizons for various dark energy models and examine their behavior across phantom barrier line.
SC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY
SC-RISE LECTURE SERIES BRIGHT HORIZONS IN SOLAR ENERGY Sustainable Energy Opportunities, Options are being developed including biomass, geothermal, hydropower, ocean thermal energy conversion, solar electric, solar thermal, and wind. However, such aspects as low energy density, siting, and temporal
Causal temperature profiles in horizon-free collapse
N F Naidu; M Govender
2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the causal temperature profiles in a recent model of a radiating star undergoing dissipative gravitational collapse without the formation of an horizon. It is shown that this simple exact model provides a physically reasonable behaviour for the temperature profile within the framework of extended irreversible thermodynamics.
Soil Horizons Some Noteworthy Soil Science in Wisconsin
Meyers, Stephen R.
Soil Horizons Some Noteworthy Soil Science in Wisconsin Alfred E. Hartemink The impact and benefits of soil science have only partly been documented. Here I highlight four noteworthy soil science achievements from the state of Wisconsin that took place between 1870 and the early 1980s: (i) the first soil
A moving horizon solution to the gas pipeline optimization problem
Grossmann, Ignacio E.
A moving horizon solution to the gas pipeline optimization problem EWO MEETING, Fall 2010 Ajit Gopalakrishnan Advisor: L. T. Biegler #12;Background: Gas pipeline optimization 2 Gas pipeline networks optimization Load forecast Weather, load history Controller #12;Pipeline modeling [Baumrucker & Biegler, 09
A special report on physics in Brazil New horizons for
Barbosa, Marcia C. B.
A special report on physics in Brazil New horizons for Brazilian science TM Open facilities drive research success Collaboration: Brazil takes global view The rise of experimental physics Annual review ioppublishing.org Annu AL R eV ie W 2013 TM Physics in BRAziL Newscience,newhorizons 5 As Brazil climbs up
Adaptive Receding Horizon Control of a Distributed Collector Solar Field
Sontag, Eduardo
for a distributed collector solar field which ex- plicitly explores its distributed parameter character. The plant, distributed collector solar fields are repre- sentative of an important class of distributed parameter plantsAdaptive Receding Horizon Control of a Distributed Collector Solar Field J.M. Igreja, J. M. Lemos
Crawford, T. Daniel
Charter (WWFC). This unique document was issued for the first time in 1998 by four global automotive orga- nizations from USA, Europe and Japan, plus 15 other national automotive organizations. The Charter aims and Industrial Engineering. Her background is in Mechanical Engineering, Thermal Machines. She holds the MS
Microbial gene functions enriched in the Deepwater Horizon deep-sea oil plume
Lu, Z.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the deepest andof Gulf of Mexico from other historic offshore oil spillsDeepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was one of
U.S. Solar Manufacturing Rising on the Horizon | Department of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
U.S. Solar Manufacturing Rising on the Horizon U.S. Solar Manufacturing Rising on the Horizon January 29, 2015 - 2:35pm Addthis Solar demand in the U.S. is growing, and U.S. solar...
Horizon Dynamics of Evaporating Black Holes in a Higher Dimensional Inflationary Universe
Manasse Mbonye
1999-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
Spherically symmetric Black Holes of the Vaidya type are examined in an asymptotically de Sitter, higher dimensional spacetime. The various horizons are located. The structure and dynamics of such horizons are studied.
Liouville theory beyond the cosmological horizon
Geoffrey Compère; Laura Donnay; Pierre-Henry Lambert; Waldemar Schulgin
2015-04-29T23:59:59.000Z
The dS/CFT correspondence postulates the existence of a Euclidean CFT dual to a suitable gravity theory with Dirichlet boundary conditions asymptotic to de Sitter spacetime. A semi-classical model of such a correspondence consists of Einstein gravity with positive cosmological constant and without matter which is dual to Euclidean Liouville theory defined at the future conformal boundary. Here we show that Euclidean Liouville theory is also dual to Einstein gravity with Dirichlet boundary conditions on a fixed timelike slice in the static patch. Intriguingly, the spacetime interpretation of Euclidean Liouville time is the physical time of the static observer. As a prerequisite of this correspondence, we show that the asymptotic symmetry algebra which consists of two copies of the Virasoro algebra extends everywhere into the bulk.
Horizon Extender: Long-term Preservation of Data Leakage Evidence in Web Traffic
Lenders, Vincent
@tik.ee.ethz.ch Vincent Lenders armasuisse, Switzerland vincent.lenders@armasuisse.ch ABSTRACT This paper presents Horizon
Is thermodynamics of the universe bounded by the event horizon a Bekenstein system?
Subenoy Chakraborty
2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
In this brief communication, we have studied the validity of the first law of thermodynamics for the universe bounded by event horizon with two examples. The key point is the appropriate choice of the temperature on the event horizon. Finally, we have concluded that universe bounded by the event horizon may be a Bekenstein system and the Einstein's equations and the first law of thermodynamics on the event horizons are equivalent.
Chen, Yiling
and research libraries across the globe. #12;iii Introduction 1 Trends Accelerating Technology Adoption in Academic and Research Libraries 4 Fast Trends: Driving technology adoption in academic and research of education around the globe. This volume, the NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Library Edition, examines key trends
Did the northeastern Gulf of Mexico become greener after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill?
Meyers, Steven D.
explosion occurred on the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil drilling platform in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico#12;Did the northeastern Gulf of Mexico become greener after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill ecosystem in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico (NEGOM) from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (April July 2010
Genomic and physiological footprint of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on resident marsh fishes
Whitehead, Andrew
-seq | toxicogenomics Following the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) drilling disaster on April 20, 2011, in the Gulf of MexicoGenomic and physiological footprint of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on resident marsh fishes June 13, 2011) The biological consequences of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill are unknown, especially
Deepwater Horizon Study Finds Crude Oil Harmful to Bluefin, Yellowfin Tuna
Grosell, Martin
occurred on April 20, 2010 when the Deepwater Horizon oil-drilling rig collapsed and exploded, leaving oilDeepwater Horizon Study Finds Crude Oil Harmful to Bluefin, Yellowfin Tuna This photo from April 24, as a large plume of smoke rises from fires on BP's Deepwater Horizon offshore oil rig. Image: Gerald Herbert
Clement, Prabhakar
of Mexico (GOM) when the Deepwater Horizon (DH) drilling platform exploded and sank at the Macando prospectChemical fingerprinting of petroleum biomarkers in Deepwater Horizon oil spill samples collected Deepwater Horizon oil spill Hopane analysis Fingerprinting Tar balls a b s t r a c t We compare
Thermoelectric DC conductivities and Stokes flows on black hole horizons
Elliot Banks; Aristomenis Donos; Jerome P. Gauntlett
2015-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a general class of electrically charged black holes of Einstein-Maxwell-scalar theory that are holographically dual to conformal field theories at finite charge density which break translation invariance explicitly. We examine the linearised perturbations about the solutions that are associated with the thermoelectric DC conductivity. We show that there is a decoupled sector at the black hole horizon which must solve generalised Stokes equations for a charged fluid. By solving these equations we can obtain the DC conductivity of the dual field theory. For one-dimensional lattices we solve the fluid equations to obtain closed form expressions for the DC conductivity in terms of the solution at the black hole horizon. We also determine the leading order DC conductivity for lattices that can be expanded as a perturbative series about translationally invariant solutions.
Connecting horizon pixels and interior voxels of a black hole
Piero Nicolini; Douglas Singleton
2014-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we discuss to what extent one can infer details of the interior structure of a black hole based on its horizon. Recalling that black hole thermal properties are connected to the non-classical nature of gravity, we circumvent the restrictions of the no hair theorem by postulating that the black hole interior is singularity free due to violations of the usual energy conditions. Further these conditions allow one to establish a one-to-one, holographic projection between Planckian areal "bits" on the horizon and "voxels", representing the gravitational degrees of freedom in the black hole interior. We illustrate the repercussions of this idea by discussing an example of the black hole interior consisting of a de Sitter core postulated to arise from the local graviton quantum vacuum energy. It is shown that the black hole entropy can emerge as the statistical entropy of a gas of voxels.
Optimization of time-based rates in forward energy markets
Wang, J.
This paper presents a new two-step design approach of Time-Based Rate (TBR) programs for markets with a high penetration of variable energy sources such as wind power. First, an optimal market time horizon must be determined ...
A time and frequency domain analysis of contrarian trading strategies/
Chaudhuri, Shomesh E
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis applies time and frequency domain analyses to a high-frequency market making strategy to study the profitability of liquidity provision over multiple time horizons from 1964 to 2013. Using daily returns and ...
Analogue White Hole Horizon and its Impact on Sediment Transport
Debasmita Chatterjee; Praloy Das; Subir Ghosh; B. S. Mazumder
2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by the ideas of analogue gravity, we have performed experiments in a flume where an analogue White Hole horizon is generated, in the form of a wave blocking region, by suitably tuned uniform fluid (water) flow and counter-propagating shallow water waves. We corroborate earlier experimental observations by finding a critical wave frequency for a particular discharge above which the waves are effectively blocked beyond the horizon. An obstacle, in the form of a bottom wave, is introduced to generate a sharp blocking zone. All previous researchers used this obstacle. A novel part of our experiment is where we do not introduce the obstacle and find that wave blocking still takes place, albeit in a more diffused zone. Lastly we replace the fixed bottom wave obstacle by a movable sand bed to study the sediment transport and the impact of the horizon or wave blocking phenomenon on the sediment profile. We find signatures of the wave blocking zone in the ripple pattern.
Analogue White Hole Horizon and its Impact on Sediment Transport
Chatterjee, Debasmita; Ghosh, Subir; Mazumder, B S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by the ideas of analogue gravity, we have performed experiments in a flume where an analogue White Hole horizon is generated, in the form of a wave blocking region, by suitably tuned uniform fluid (water) flow and counter-propagating shallow water waves. We corroborate earlier experimental observations by finding a critical wave frequency for a particular discharge above which the waves are effectively blocked beyond the horizon. An obstacle, in the form of a bottom wave, is introduced to generate a sharp blocking zone. All previous researchers used this obstacle. A novel part of our experiment is where we do not introduce the obstacle and find that wave blocking still takes place, albeit in a more diffused zone. Lastly we replace the fixed bottom wave obstacle by a movable sand bed to study the sediment transport and the impact of the horizon or wave blocking phenomenon on the sediment profile. We find signatures of the wave blocking zone in the ripple pattern.
Iridium abundance measurements across bio-event horizons in the fossil record
Orth, C.J.; Attrep, M. Jr.; Quintana, L.R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Geochemical measurements have been performed on thousands of rock samples collected across bio-event horizons using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) for about 40 common and trace elements and radiochemical isolation procedures for Ir. On selected samples, Os, Pt and Au were also radiochemically determined. These studies have encompassed the time interval from the Precambrian-Cambrian transition to the Late Eocene impact (microspherule) horizons. Our early work strengthened the Alvarez impact hypothesis by finding the Ir (PGE) anomaly at the K-T boundary in continental sedimentary sequences. In collaborations with paleontologists, weak to moderately string Ir anomalies have been discovered at the Frasnian-Famennian boundary in Australia, in the Early Mississippian of Oklahoma, at the Mississipian-Pennsylvanian boundary of Oklahoma and Texas, and in the Late Cenomanian throughout the western interior of North America and on the south coast of England to date. We have found no compelling evidence for an impact related cause for these anomalies although PGE impact signatures in the two Late Cenomanian anomalies could be masked by the strong terrestrial mafic to ultramafic overprint. Thus far, our evidence for extinction events older than the terminal Cretaceous does not support recent hypotheses which suggest that impacts from cyclic swarms of comets in the inner Solar system were responsible for the periodic mass extinctions. 50 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.
Gödel black hole, closed timelike horizon, and the study of particle emissions
Sourav Bhattacharya; Anirban Saha
2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
We show that a particle, with positive orbital angular momentum, following an outgoing null/timelike geodesic, shall never reach the closed timelike horizon (CTH) present in the $(4+1)$-dimensional rotating G\\"{o}del black hole space-time. Therefore a large part of this space-time remains inaccessible to a large class of geodesic observers, depending on the conserved quantities associated with them. We discuss how this fact and the existence of the closed timelike curves present in the asymptotic region make the quantum field theoretic study of the Hawking radiation, where the asymptotic observer states are a pre-requisite, unclear. However, the semiclassical approach provides an alternative to verify the Smarr formula derived recently for the rotating G\\"{o}del black hole. We present a systematic analysis of particle emissions, specifically for scalars, charged Dirac spinors and vectors, from this black hole via the semiclassical complex path method.
Emergence of self-similarity in football dynamics
Kijima, Akifumi; Shima, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Yuji
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The multiplayer dynamics of a football game is analyzed to unveil self-similarities in the time evolution of player and ball positioning. Temporal fluctuations in both the team-turf boundary and the ball location are uncovered to follow the rules of fractional Brownian motion with a Hurst exponent of H=0.7. The persistence time below which self-similarity holds is found to be several tens of seconds, implying a characteristic time scale that governs far-from-equilibrium motion on a playing field.
A quantum peek inside the black hole event horizon
Sumanta Chakraborty; Suprit Singh; T. Padmanabhan
2015-03-14T23:59:59.000Z
We solve the Klein-Gordon equation for a scalar field, in the background geometry of a dust cloud collapsing to form a black hole, everywhere in the (1+1) spacetime: that is, both inside and outside the event horizon and arbitrarily close to the curvature singularity. This allows us to determine the regularized stress tensor expectation value, everywhere in the appropriate quantum state (viz., the Unruh vacuum) of the field. We use this to study the behaviour of energy density and the flux measured in local inertial frames for the radially freely falling observer at any given event. Outside the black hole, energy density and flux lead to the standard results expected from the Hawking radiation emanating from the black hole, as the collapse proceeds. Inside the collapsing dust ball, the energy densities of both matter and scalar field diverge near the singularity in both (1+1) and (1+3) spacetime dimensions; but the energy density of the field dominates over that of classical matter. In the (1+3) dimensions, the total energy (of both scalar field and classical matter) inside a small spatial volume around the singularity is finite (and goes to zero as the size of the region goes to zero) but the total energy of the quantum field still dominates over that of the classical matter. Inside the event horizon, but \\textit{outside} the collapsing matter, freely falling observers find that the energy density and the flux diverge close to the singularity. In this region, even the integrated energy inside a small spatial volume enclosing the singularity diverges. This result holds in both (1+1) and (1+3) spacetime dimensions with a \\emph{milder} divergence for the total energy inside a small region in (1+3) dimensions. These results suggest that the back-reaction effects are significant even in the region \\emph{outside the matter but inside the event horizon}, close to the singularity.
Self-similar spherical shock solution with sustained energy injection
V. I. Dokuchaev
2002-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
We present the generalization of the Sedov-Taylor self-similar strong spherical shock solution for the case of a central energy source varying in time, $E=A t^k$, where $A$ and $k$ are constants. The known Sedov-Taylor solution corresponds to a particular adiabatic case of $k=0$ or \\emph{instant shock} with an instant energy source of the shock, $E=A$. The self-similar hydrodynamic flow in the nonadiabatic $k\
Complete single-horizon quantum corrected black hole spacetime
Peltola, Ari; Kunstatter, Gabor [Department of Physics and Winnipeg Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3B 2E9 (Canada)
2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We show that a semiclassical polymerization of the interior of Schwarzschild black holes gives rise to a tantalizing candidate for a nonsingular, single-horizon black hole spacetime. The exterior has nonzero quantum stress energy but closely approximates the classical spacetime for macroscopic black holes. The interior exhibits a bounce at a microscopic scale and then expands indefinitely to a Kantowski-Sachs spacetime. Polymerization therefore removes the singularity and produces a scenario reminiscent of past proposals for universe creation via quantum effects inside a black hole.
DOE's Portal to Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Data
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon platform in the Gulf of Mexico exploded. The explosion and fire killed and injured workers on the oil rig, and caused major releases of oil and gas into the Gulf for several months. The Department of Energy, in keeping with the Obama Administrations ongoing commitment to transparency, provided online access to data and information related to the response to the BP oil spill. Included are schematics, pressure tests, diagnostic results, video clips, and other data. There are also links to the Restore the Gulf website, to the trajectory forecasts from NOAA, and oil spill information from the Environmental Protection Agency.
DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Horizons Inc - OH 05
Office of Legacy Management (LM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal EnergyCatalytic Co - PA 40 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site:Guterl SpecialtyHorizons Inc - OH 05
Horizon City, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP aCentrothermDepew, NewAl.,HardinHeliosHope, Alaska: Energy Resources JumpHorace, North Dakota:Horizon
Black Hole spin dependence of general relativistic multi-transonic accretion close to the horizon
Tapas K. Das; Sankhasubhra Nag; Swathi Hegde; Sourav Bhattacharya; Ishita Maity; Bozena Czerny; Paramita Barai; Paul J. Wiita; Vladimir Karas; Tapan Naskar
2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a novel formalism to investigate the role of the spin angular momentum of astrophysical black holes in influencing the behaviour of low angular momentum general relativistic accretion. We propose a metric independent analysis of axisymmetric general relativistic flow, and consequently formulate the space and time dependent equations describing the general relativistic hydrodynamic accretion flow in the Kerr metric. The associated stationary critical solutions for such flow equations are provided and the stability of the stationary transonic configuration is examined using an elegant linear perturbation technique. We examine the properties of infalling material for both prograde and retrograde accretion as a function of the Kerr parameter at extremely close proximity to the event horizon. Our formalism can be used to identify a new spectral signature of black hole spin, and has the potential of performing the black hole shadow imaging corresponding to the low angular momentum accretion flow.
Time Domain Partitioning of Electricity Production Cost Simulations
Barrows, C.; Hummon, M.; Jones, W.; Hale, E.
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Production cost models are often used for planning by simulating power system operations over long time horizons. The simulation of a day-ahead energy market can take several weeks to compute. Tractability improvements are often made through model simplifications, such as: reductions in transmission modeling detail, relaxation of commitment variable integrality, reductions in cost modeling detail, etc. One common simplification is to partition the simulation horizon so that weekly or monthly horizons can be simulated in parallel. However, horizon partitions are often executed with overlap periods of arbitrary and sometimes zero length. We calculate the time domain persistence of historical unit commitment decisions to inform time domain partitioning of production cost models. The results are implemented using PLEXOS production cost modeling software in an HPC environment to improve the computation time of simulations while maintaining solution integrity.
Applications of Time Series in Finance and Macroeconomics
Ibarra Ramirez, Raul
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation contains three applications of time series in finance and macroeconomics. The first essay compares the cumulative returns for stocks and bonds at investment horizons from one to ten years by using a test ...
Giovannetti, Vittorio
We give a consistent quantum description of time, based on Page and Wootters’s conditional probabilities mechanism, which overcomes the criticisms that were raised against similar previous proposals. In particular we show ...
in the short-term speculative component of the stock price. Current shareholders benefit from the option` information environments. When a firm`s managerial incentive horizon is short, it is more likely to report are consistent with the hypothesis that short incentive horizons induce managers to adopt strategies that reduce
Deepwater Horizon crude oil impacts the developing hearts of large predatory pelagic fish
Grosell, Martin
Deepwater Horizon crude oil impacts the developing hearts of large predatory pelagic fish John P November 6, 2013) The Deepwater Horizon disaster released more than 636 million L of crude oil and larvae) of tunas, swordfish, and other large predators were potentially exposed to crude oil
Flood control of rivers with nonlinear model predictive control and moving horizon estimation
Flood control of rivers with nonlinear model predictive control and moving horizon estimation control (MPC) in combination with moving horizon estimation (MHE) can more effectively be used for flood into account, it uses the buffer capacity of the available flood basins in a more optimal way. Simulation
Many Task Computing for Modeling the Fate of Oil Discharged from the Deep Water Horizon Well
Many Task Computing for Modeling the Fate of Oil Discharged from the Deep Water Horizon Well@jhu.edu Abstract--The Deep Water Horizon well blowout on April 20th 2010 discharged between 40,000 - 1.2 million@med.miami.edu O. M. Knio Dept of Mechanical Engineering Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD knio
Submesoscale dispersion in the vicinity of the Deepwater Horizon spill
Poje, Andrew C; Lipphardt,, Bruce; Haus, Brian K; Ryan, Edward H; Haza, Angelique C; Reniers, A J H M; Olascoaga, Josefina; Novelli, Guillaume; Beron-Vera, Francisco J; Chen, Shuyi; Mariano, Arthur J; Jacobs, Gregg; Hogan, Pat; Coelho, Emanuel; Kirwan,, A D; Huntley, Helga; Griffa, Annalisa
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Reliable forecasts for the dispersion of oceanic contamination are important for coastal ecosystems, society and the economy as evidenced by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 and the Fukushima nuclear plant incident in the Pacific Ocean in 2011. Accurate prediction of pollutant pathways and concentrations at the ocean surface requires understanding ocean dynamics over a broad range of spatial scales. Fundamental questions concerning the structure of the velocity field at the submesoscales (100 meters to tens of kilometers, hours to days) remain unresolved due to a lack of synoptic measurements at these scales. \\textcolor{black} {Using high-frequency position data provided by the near-simultaneous release of hundreds of accurately tracked surface drifters, we study the structure of submesoscale surface velocity fluctuations in the Northern Gulf Mexico. Observed two-point statistics confirm the validity of classic turbulence scaling laws at 200m$-$50km scales and clearly indicate tha...
Statistics of black hole radiance and the horizon area spectrum
Bekenstein, Jacob D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The statistical response of a Kerr black hole to incoming quantum radiation has heretofore been studied by the methods of maximum entropy or quantum field theory in curved spacetime. Neither approach pretends to take into account the quantum structure of the black hole itself. To address this last issue we calculate here the conditional probability distribution associated with the hole's response by assuming that the horizon area has a discrete quantum spectrum, and that its quantum evolution corresponds to jumps between adjacent area eigenvalues, possibly occurring in series, with consequent emission or absorption of quanta, possibly in the same mode. This "atomic" model of the black hole is implemented in two different ways and recovers the previously calculated radiation statistics in both cases. The corresponding conditional probably distribution is here expressed in closed form in terms of an hypergeometric function.
Lithophysal Rock Mass Mechanical Properties of the Repository Host Horizon
D. Rigby
2004-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this calculation is to develop estimates of key mechanical properties for the lithophysal rock masses of the Topopah Spring Tuff (Tpt) within the repository host horizon, including their uncertainties and spatial variability. The mechanical properties to be characterized include an elastic parameter, Young's modulus, and a strength parameter, uniaxial compressive strength. Since lithophysal porosity is used as a surrogate property to develop the distributions of the mechanical properties, an estimate of the distribution of lithophysal porosity is also developed. The resulting characterizations of rock parameters are important for supporting the subsurface design, developing the preclosure safety analysis, and assessing the postclosure performance of the repository (e.g., drift degradation and modeling of rockfall impacts on engineered barrier system components).
Thermodynamics of Evolving Lorentzian Wormhole at Apparent and Event Horizons
Ujjal Debnath; Mubasher Jamil; R. Myrzakulov; M. Akbar
2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
We have investigated the non-static Lorentzian Wormhole model in presence of anisotropic pressure. We have presented some exact solutions of Einstein equations for anisotropic pressure case. Introducing two EoS parameters we have shown that these solutions give very rich dynamics of the universe yielding to the different expansion history of it in the $r$ - direction and in the $T$ - direction. The corresponding explicit forms of the shape function $b(r)$ is presented.We have shown that the Einstein's field equations and unified first law are equivalent for the dynamical wormhole model. The first law of thermodynamics has been derived by using the Unified first law. The physical quantities including surface gravity and the temperature are derived for the wormhole. Here we have obtained all the results without any choice of the shape function. The validity of generalized second law (GSL) of thermodynamics has been examined at apparent and event horizons for the evolving Lorentzian wormhole.
Conceptual combination: does similarity predict emergence?
Wilkenfeld, Merryl Joy
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Conceptual combination is used as a paradigm for investigating the influence of similarity on emergence. Subjects were 180 undergraduates recruited from the psychology subject pool. Pairs of parent concepts were selected for study using a...
An introduction to local Black Hole horizons in the 3+1 approach to General Relativity
José Luis Jaramillo
2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z
We present an introduction to dynamical trapping horizons as quasi-local models for black hole horizons, from the perspective of an Initial Value Problem approach to the construction of generic black hole spacetimes. We focus on the geometric and structural properties of these horizons aiming, as a main application, at the numerical evolution and analysis of black hole spacetimes in astrophysical scenarios. In this setting, we discuss their dual role as an "a priori" ingredient in certain formulations of Einstein equations and as an "a posteriori" tool for the diagnosis of dynamical black hole spacetimes. Complementary to the first-principles discussion of quasi-local horizon physics, we place an emphasis on the "rigidity" properties of these hypersurfaces and their role as privileged geometric probes into near-horizon strong-field spacetime dynamics.
Non-Hermitian Hamiltonians and similarity transformations
Francisco M. Fernández
2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z
We show that similarity (or equivalent) transformations enable one to construct non-Hermitian operators with real spectrum. In this way we can also prove and generalize the results obtained by other authors by means of a gauge-like transformation and its generalization. Such similarity transformations also reveal the connection with pseudo-Hermiticity in a simple and straightforward way. In addition to it we consider the positive and negative eigenvalues of a three-parameter non-Hermitian oscillator.
Merkens, Karlina Paul
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
occurred on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig, which wasBP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and O? shore Drilling, 2010]BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and O?shore Drilling (2010).
Generalized second law of thermodynamics on the apparent horizon in modified Gauss-Bonnet gravity
Abdolmaleki, A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Modified gravity and generalized second law (GSL) of thermodynamics are interesting topics in the modern cosmology. In this regard, we investigate the GSL of gravitational thermodynamics in the framework of modified Gauss-Bonnet gravity or f(G)-gravity. We consider a spatially FRW universe filled with the matter and radiation enclosed by the dynamical apparent horizon with the Hawking temperature. For two viable f(G) models, we first numerically solve the set of differential equations governing the dynamics of f(G)-gravity. Then, we obtain the evolutions of the Hubble parameter, the Gauss-Bonnet curvature invariant term, the density and equation of state parameters as well as the deceleration parameter. In addition, we check the energy conditions for both models and finally examine the validity of the GSL. For the selected f(G) models, we conclude that both models have a stable de Sitter attractor. The equation of state parameters behave quite similar to those of the LCDM model in the radiation/matter dominat...
Origin of matter and space-time in the big bang
Mathews, G. J. [University of Notre Dame, Center for Astrophysics/JINA, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA and Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Kajino, T. [Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan and Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Yamazaki, D. [Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Kusakabe, M. [School of Liberal Arts and Science, Korea Aerospace University, Goyang 412-791, Korea and Department of Physics, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of); Cheoun, M.-K. [Department of Physics, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of)
2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
We review the case for and against a bulk cosmic motion resulting from the quantum entanglement of our universe with the multiverse beyond our horizon. Within the current theory for the selection of the initial state of the universe from the landscape multiverse there is a generic prediction that pre-inflation quantum entanglement with other universes should give rise to a cosmic bulk flow with a correlation length of order horizon size and a velocity field relative to the expansion frame of the universe. Indeed, the parameters of this motion are are tightly constrained. A robust prediction can be deduced indicating that there should be an overall motion of of about 800 km/s relative to the background space time as defined by the cosmic microwave background (CMB). This talk will summarize the underlying theoretical motivation for this hypothesis. Of course our motion relative to the background space time (CMB dipole) has been known for decades and is generally attributed to the gravitational pull of the local super cluster. However, this cosmic peculiar velocity field has been recently deduced out to very large distances well beyond that of the local super cluster by using X-ray galaxy clusters as tracers of matter motion. This is achieved via the kinematic component of the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (KSZ) effect produced by Compton scattering of cosmic microwave background photons from the local hot intracluster gas. As such, this method measures peculiar velocity directly in the frame of the cluster. Similar attempts by our group and others have attempted to independently assess this bulk flow via Type la supernova redshifts. In this talk we will review the observation case for and against the existence of this bulk flow based upon the observations and predictions of the theory. If this interpretation is correct it has profound implications in that we may be observing for the first time both the physics that occurred before the big bang and the existence of the multiverse beyond our horizon.
Meyers, Steven D.
- 1 - National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling THE AMOUNT of the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling for the use of members responders assertions. 2 DEEPWATER HORIZON MC252 GULF INCIDENT OIL BUDGET [hereinafter OIL BUDGET] (Aug. 4
Free Energies and Probe Actions for Near-horizon D-branes and D1 + D5 System
Shijong Ryang
1999-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
By working with the free energy for the type II supergravity near-horizon solution of N coincident non-extremal Dp-branes we study the transitions among the non-conformal Dp-brane system, the perturbative super Yang-Mills theory and a certain system associated with M theory. We derive a relation between this free energy and the action of a Dp-brane probe in the N Dp-brane background. Constructing the free energy for the five dimensional black hole labeled by the D1-brane and D5-brane charges we find the similar relation between it and the action of a D1 or D5 brane probe in the D1 + D5 brane background. These relations are explained by the massive open strings stretched between the relevant D-branes
Spherically symmetric self-similar solutions and their astrophysical and cosmological applications
B. J. Carr
2000-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss spherically symmetric perfect fluid solutions of Einstein's equations which have equation of state ($p=\\alpha \\mu$) and which are self-similar in the sense that all dimensionless variables depend only upon $z\\equiv r/t$. For each value of $\\alpha$, such solutions are described by two parameters and have now been completely classified. There is a 1-parameter family of solutions asymptotic to the flat Friedmann model at large values of z. These represent either black holes or density perturbations which grow as fast as the particle horizon; the underdense solutions may be relevant to the existence of large-scale cosmic voids. There is also a 1-parameter family of solutions asymptotic to a self-similar Kantowski-Sachs model at large z. These are probably only physically realistic for $-11/5$, there is a family of solutions which are asymptotically Minkowski. These asymptote either to infinite z, in which case they are described by one parameter, or to a finite value of z, in which case they are described by two parameters and this includes the ``critical'' solution for $\\alpha >0.28$. We discuss the stability of spherically symmetric similarity solutions to more general (non-self-similar) spherically symmetric perturbations.
Drug-Target Interaction Predicates Combining Similarities
Daume III, Hal
Drug-Target Interaction Predicates DataSet Combining Similarities Collective Inference Collective Inference and Multi-Relational Learning for DrugTarget Interaction Prediction Shobeir Fakhraei1, Bert Huang1 and Lise Getoor1,2 Poly-pharmacology Drug Repurposing Drug-Target Interaction Network Studies
Similarity Dimension of a Glaciated Terrain
Jackson, Daniel R.
rate of movement. #12;Data Acquisition · The topography of a formerly glaciated surface the proportionality constant b from the previous equation. #12;Application to Topography · The topography of a region, it becomes possible to evaluate the length and similarity dimension of topography as Richardson
Accelerated Learning without Semantic Similarity: Indirect Objects
Friedman, Nir
types. Transfer apparently facilitates the learning of this type of information from the input1 Accelerated Learning without Semantic Similarity: Indirect Objects ANAT NINIO* Abstract The hypothesis was tested that transfer and facilitation of learning in early syntactic development does not rely
Compact Similarity Joins Brent Bryan #1
Eberhardt, Frederick
interest, with applications in Geographical Information Systems, astron- omy, marketing analyzes of magnitude faster. I. INTRODUCTION In numerous applications, such as Geographical Information Systems, office of the similarity join result, while retaining all the information in the standard join. Our algorithms have
Application of initial data sequences to the study of Black Hole dynamical trapping horizons
Jaramillo, José Luis; Vasset, Nicolas; 10.1063/1.3141305
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Non-continuous "jumps" of Apparent Horizons occur generically in 3+1 (binary) black hole evolutions. The dynamical trapping horizon framework suggests a spacetime picture in which these "Apparent Horizon jumps" are understood as spatial cuts of a single spacetime hypersurface foliated by (compact) marginally outer trapped surfaces. We present here some work in progress which makes use of uni-parametric sequences of (axisymmetric) binary black hole initial data for exploring the plausibility of this spacetime picture. The modelling of Einstein evolutions by sequences of initial data has proved to be a successful methodological tool in other settings for the understanding of certain qualitative features of evolutions in restricted physical regimes.
New Horizons for Hydrogen: Producing Hydrogen from Renewable Resources
Not Available
2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recent events have reminded us of the critical need to transition from crude oil, coal, and natural gas toward sustainable and domestic sources of energy. One reason is we need to strengthen our economy. In 2008 we saw the price of oil reach a record $93 per barrel. With higher oil prices, growing demand for gasoline, and increasing oil imports, an average of $235 billion per year, has left the United States economy to pay for foreign oil since 2005, or $1.2 trillion between 2005 and 2009. From a consumer perspective, this trend is seen with an average gasoline price of $2.50 per gallon since 2005, compared to an average of $1.60 between 1990 and 2004 (after adjusting for inflation). In addition to economic impacts, continued reliance on fossil fuels increases greenhouse gas emissions that may cause climate change, health impacts from air pollution, and the risk of disasters such as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Energy efficiency in the form of more efficient vehicles and buildings can help to reduce some of these impacts. However, over the long term we must shift from fossil resources to sustainable and renewable energy sources.
The Geometric Invariants of Null Cartan Curves Under The Similarity Transformations
Hakan Simsek; Mustafa Özdemir
2015-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we study the differential geometry of null Cartan curves under the similarity transformations in the Minkowski space-time. Besides, we extend the fundamental theorem for a null Cartan curve according to a similarity motion. We find the equations of all self-similar null curves which is given its shape Cartan curvatures.
Earth Similarity Index with two free parameters
Chandra, Suresh; Sharma, Mohit K
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have derived Earth Similarity Index (ESI) with two free parameters m and T. These free parameters are optimized with the consideration that the planet Mars is almost similar to the Earth. For the optimized values of free parameters, the interior-ESI, surface-ESI and ESI for some planets are calculated. The results for m = 0.8 and T = 0.8 are compared with the values obtained by Schulze-Makuch {\\it et al.} (2011). We have found that the exoplanet 55 Cnc f is within 10% away from the threshold value T. The exoplanets HD 69830 c, 55 Cnc c, 55 Cnc f, 61 Vir d and HIP 57050 b are found to have ESI within 10% from the threshold value.
Dynamics of similar populations Geza Meszena1
Meszéna, Géza
Dynamics of similar populations G´eza Mesz´ena1 , Mats Gyllenberg2 , Frans J. Jacobs3 , Hans A. J. Metz3,4 1 E¨otv¨os Univerity, Budapest 2 University of Helsinki 3 Leiden University 4 Adaptive Dynamics by population dynamics: dni dt = ri (n1, n2, . . . , nL) ni i = 1, 2, . . . , L ni 0 for losers. Dynamics
First law of thermodynamics for dynamical apparent horizons and the entropy of Friedmann universes
Viaggiu, Stefano
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, we have generalized the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy formula for black holes embedded in expanding Friedmann universes. In this letter, we begin the study of this new formula to obtain the first law of thermodynamics for dynamical apparent horizons. In this regard we obtain a generalized expression for the internal energy $U$ together with a distinction between the dynamical temperature $T_D$ of apparent horizons and the related one due to thermodynamics formulas. Remarkable, when the expression for $U$ is applied to the apparent horizon of the universe, we found that this internal energy is a constant of motion. Our calculations thus show that the total energy of our spatially flat universe including the gravitational contribution, when calculated at the apparent horizon, is an universal constant that can be set to zero from simple dimensional considerations. This strongly support the holographic principle.
New Horizons for Spatial Data Quality Research Suzie Larrive, Yvan Bdard, Marc Gervais & Tania Roy
New Horizons for Spatial Data Quality Research Suzie Larrivée, Yvan Bédard, Marc Gervais & Tania, Canada Suzie.Larrivee@scg.ulaval.ca, Yvan.Bedard@scg.ulaval.ca, Marc.Gervais@scg.ulaval.ca, Tania.Roy.2
FINDING KBO FLYBY TARGETS FOR NEW HORIZONS JOHN SPENCER and MARC BUIE
Young, Leslie A.
FINDING KBO FLYBY TARGETS FOR NEW HORIZONS JOHN SPENCER and MARC BUIE Lowell Observatory LESLIE maintained by Marc Buie at http://www.lowell.edu/buie/kbo/kbofollowup.html (histogram, right axis). The good
US Hydro 2011 Tampa, FL April 2528, 2011 1 On the Horizon
New Hampshire, University of
US Hydro 2011 Tampa, FL April 2528, 2011 1 On the Horizon: Better Bottom Detection for areas the eelgrass canopy and seafloor. #12;US Hydro 2011 Tampa, FL April 2528, 2011 2 Figure 1: Bottom detections
New Horizons in Gravity: The Trace Anomaly, Dark Energy and Condensate Stars
Mottola, Emil
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
General Relativity receives quantum corrections relevant at macroscopic distance scales and near event horizons. These arise from the conformal scalar degrees of freedom in the extended effective field theory of gravity generated by the trace anomaly of massless quantum fields in curved space. The origin of these conformal scalar degrees of freedom as massless poles in two-particle intermediate states of anomalous amplitudes in flat space is exposed. At event horizons the conformal anomaly scalar degrees of freedom can have macroscopically large effects on the geometry, potentially removing the classical event horizon of black hole and cosmological spacetimes, replacing them with a quantum boundary layer where the effective value of the gravitational vacuum energy density can change. In the effective theory, the cosmological term becomes a dynamical condensate, whose value depends upon boundary conditions near the horizon. In the conformal phase where the anomaly induced fluctutations dominate, and the conden...
Valuing modular nuclear power plants in finite time decision horizon Shashi Jain a,b,
Oosterlee, Cornelis W. "Kees"
into account the value of flexibility arising due to modular construction, which traditional valuation methods
Solar irradiance forecasting at multiple time horizons and novel methods to evaluate uncertainty
Marquez, Ricardo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
photovoltaics for integeration with the electric power systems.photovoltaic systems. Progress In Photovoltaics, 16(3):241–
Solar irradiance forecasting at multiple time horizons and novel methods to evaluate uncertainty
Marquez, Ricardo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Solar irradiance data . . . . . . . . . . . . .Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Solar Resourcev Uncertainty In Solar Resource: Forecasting
Solar irradiance forecasting at multiple time horizons and novel methods to evaluate uncertainty
Marquez, Ricardo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
in bulk, which is why many solar companies and utilities aresolar farms. Today it is widely acknowledged by power producers, utility companies and
Solar irradiance forecasting at multiple time horizons and novel methods to evaluate uncertainty
Marquez, Ricardo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Solar Irradiance And Power Output Variability In November 2009, UC Merced deployed a SunPower PV system provided with single axis tracking
Turnpike sets in stochastic manufacturing systems with finite time horizon \\Lambda
of as prototype problems. A coal mine plant example. Consider the quarterly production plans for a local coal mine manu facturing systems. The main objective is to minimize an expected discounted cost of inventories plant. The plant is expecting a general strike during a quarter which will reduce the production
Solar irradiance forecasting at multiple time horizons and novel methods to evaluate uncertainty
Marquez, Ricardo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
photovoltaic systems. Progress In Photovoltaics, 16(3):241–analytic model. Progress In Photovoltaics, 19(2):218–227,
Solar irradiance forecasting at multiple time horizons and novel methods to evaluate uncertainty
Marquez, Ricardo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
119 Battery Storage System Applied To Mitigate Large Pvis performed for a battery storage system to mitigate the PVenergy customers. Battery Storage System Applied To Mitigate
EFT Beyond the Horizon: Stochastic Inflation and How Primordial Quantum Fluctuations Go Classical
C. P. Burgess; R. Holman; G. Tasinato; M. Williams
2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We identify the effective theory describing inflationary super-Hubble scales and show it to be a special case of effective field theories appropriate to open systems. Open systems allow information to be exchanged between the degrees of freedom of interest and those that are integrated out, such as for particles moving through a fluid. Strictly speaking they cannot in general be described by an effective lagrangian; rather the appropriate `low-energy' limit is instead a Lindblad equation describing the evolution of the density matrix of the slow degrees of freedom. We derive the equation relevant to super-Hubble modes of quantum fields in near-de Sitter spacetimes and derive two implications. We show the evolution of the diagonal density-matrix elements quickly approaches the Fokker-Planck equation of Starobinsky's stochastic inflationary picture. This provides an alternative first-principles derivation of this picture's stochastic noise and drift, as well as its leading corrections. (An application computes the noise for systems with a sub-luminal sound speed.) We argue that the presence of interactions drives the off-diagonal density-matrix elements to zero in the field basis. This shows why the field basis is the `pointer basis' for the decoherence of primordial quantum fluctuations while they are outside the horizon, thus allowing them to re-enter as classical fluctuations, as assumed when analyzing CMB data. The decoherence process is efficient, occurring after several Hubble times even for interactions as weak as gravitational-strength. Crucially, the details of the interactions largely control only the decoherence time and not the nature of the final late-time stochastic state, much as interactions can control the equilibration time for thermal systems but are largely irrelevant to the properties of the resulting equilibrium state.
The distribution and genesis of calcic horizons in some soils of the Texas Coast Prairie
Sobecki, Terrence Michael
1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
THE DISTRIBUTION AND GENESIS OF CALCIC HORIZONS IN SOME SOILS OF THE TEXAS COAST PRAIRIE A Thesis by TERRENCE MICHAEL SOBECRI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1980 Major Subject: Soil Science THE DISTRIBUTION AND GENESIS OP CALCIC HORIZONS IN SOME SOILS OP THE TEXAS COAST PRAIRIE A Thesis by TERRENCE MICHAEL SOBECKI Approved as to style and content by: (Cha' n of Committee...
Thermal Conductivity of the Potential Repository Horizon Model Report
J. Ramsey
2002-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this report is to assess the spatial variability and uncertainty of thermal conductivity in the host horizon for the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain. More specifically, the lithostratigraphic units studied are located within the Topopah Spring Tuff (Tpt) and consist of the upper lithophysal zone (Tptpul), the middle nonlithophysal zone (Tptpmn), the lower lithophysal zone (Tptpll), and the lower nonlithophysal zone (Tptpln). The Tptpul is the layer directly above the repository host layers, which consist of the Tptpmn, Tptpll, and the Tptpln. Current design plans indicate that the largest portion of the repository will be excavated in the Tptpll (Board et al. 2002 [157756]). The main distinguishing characteristic among the lithophysal and nonlithophysal units is the percentage of large scale (cm-m) voids within the rock. The Tptpul and Tptpll, as their names suggest, have a higher percentage of lithophysae than the Tptpmn and the Tptpln. Understanding the influence of the lithophysae is of great importance to understanding bulk thermal conductivity and perhaps repository system performance as well. To assess the spatial variability and uncertainty of thermal conductivity, a model is proposed that is functionally dependent on the volume fraction of lithophysae and the thermal conductivity of the matrix portion of the rock. In this model, void space characterized as lithophysae is assumed to be air-saturated under all conditions, while void space characterized as matrix may be either water- or air-saturated. Lithophysae are assumed to be air-saturated under all conditions since the units being studied are all located above the water table in the region of interest, and the relatively strong capillary forces of the matrix will, under most conditions, preferentially retain any moisture present in the rock.
A Real-time Framework for Model Predictive Control of Continuous-Time Nonlinear Systems
Sontag, Eduardo
for piecewise constant NMPC of continuous-time processes. Index Terms-- nonlinear model predictive control, real-time optimization, optimal control, piecewise constant control I. INTRODUCTION Model predictive control (MPC horizon, open-loop optimal control problem. The unprecedented industrial success of MPC ap- proaches based
Improved Fast Similarity Search in Dictionaries
Karch, Daniel; Sanders, Peter
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We engineer an algorithm to solve the approximate dictionary matching problem. Given a list of words $\\mathcal{W}$, maximum distance $d$ fixed at preprocessing time and a query word $q$, we would like to retrieve all words from $\\mathcal{W}$ that can be transformed into $q$ with $d$ or less edit operations. We present data structures that support fault tolerant queries by generating an index. On top of that, we present a generalization of the method that eases memory consumption and preprocessing time significantly. At the same time, running times of queries are virtually unaffected. We are able to match in lists of hundreds of thousands of words and beyond within microseconds for reasonable distances.
Exploiting Data Similarity to Reduce Memory Footprints
Biswas, S; de Supinski, B R; Schulz, M; Franklin, D; Sherwood, T; Chong, F T
2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Memory size has long limited large-scale applications on high-performance computing (HPC) systems. Since compute nodes frequently do not have swap space, physical memory often limits problem sizes. Increasing core counts per chip and power density constraints, which limit the number of DIMMs per node, have exacerbated this problem. Further, DRAM constitutes a significant portion of overall HPC system cost. Therefore, instead of adding more DRAM to the nodes, mechanisms to manage memory usage more efficiently - preferably transparently - could increase effective DRAM capacity and thus the benefit of multicore nodes for HPC systems. MPI application processes often exhibit significant data similarity. These data regions occupy multiple physical locations across the individual rank processes within a multicore node and thus offer a potential savings in memory capacity. These regions, primarily residing in heap, are dynamic, which makes them difficult to manage statically. Our novel memory allocation library, SBLLmalloc, automatically identifies identical memory blocks and merges them into a single copy. SBLLmalloc does not require application or OS changes since we implement it as a user-level library. Overall, we demonstrate that SBLLmalloc reduces the memory footprint of a range of MPI applications by 32.03% on average and up to 60.87%. Further, SBLLmalloc supports problem sizes for IRS over 21.36% larger than using standard memory management techniques, thus significantly increasing effective system size. Similarly, SBLLmalloc requires 43.75% fewer nodes than standard memory management techniques to solve an AMG problem.
Self-similar impulsive capillary waves on a ligament
Duchemin, Laurent; Vincent, Lionel; Villermaux, Emmanuel
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the short-time dynamics of a liquid ligament, held between two solid cylinders, when one is impulsively accelerated along its axis. A set of one-dimensional equations in the slender-slope approximation is used to describe the dynamics, including surface tension and viscous effects. An exact self-similar solution to the linearized equations is successfully compared to experiments made with millimetric ligaments. Another non-linear self-similar solution of the full set of equations is found numerically. Both the linear and non-linear solutions show that the axial depth at which the liquid is affected by the motion of the cylinder scales like $\\sqrt{t}$. The non-linear solution presents the peculiar feature that there exists a maximum driving velocity $U^\\star$ above which the solution disappears, a phenomenon probably related to the de-pinning of the contact line observed in experiments for large pulling velocities.
Monetary Policy, Nominal Interest Rates, and Long-horizon Inflation Uncertainty
Wright, Stephen M
2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
of the countries examined in this paper (the United2 Kingdom and Canada) and only in the latter part of the historical period I examine. seem clear that the nature of the market imperfections will affect the nature of the objective. Price, and possibly inflation... at similar times in the early and late 1970s, and downward shocks in the mid-1980s. This is of course unsurprising given what we know about the history of oil and other commodity prices. (iii) Whilst the impulses were similar in all countries, the responses...
A Fast Moving Horizon Estimation Algorithm Based on Nonlinear ...
2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z
dynamic system with long time delays due to the recycle loops and multiple compression stages. The only available ... hyper-compressor. The objective is to
Anyonic statistics and large horizon diffeomorphisms for Loop Quantum Gravity Black Holes
Andreas G. A. Pithis; Hans-Christian Ruiz Euler
2015-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the role played by large diffeomorphisms of quantum Isolated Horizons for the statistics of LQG Black Holes by means of their relation to the braid group. To this aim the symmetries of Chern-Simons theory are recapitulated with particular regard to the aforementioned type of diffeomorphisms. For the punctured spherical horizon, these are elements of the mapping class group of $S^2$, which is almost isomorphic to a corresponding braid group on this particular manifold. The mutual exchange of quantum entities in two dimensions is achieved by the braid group, rendering the statistics anyonic. With this we argue that the quantum Isolated Horizon model of LQG based on $SU(2)_k$-Chern-Simons theory explicitly exhibits non-abelian anyonic statistics. In this way a connection to the theory behind the fractional quantum Hall effect and that of topological quantum computation is established, where non-abelian anyons play a significant role.
Quantization of area for event and Cauchy horizons of the Kerr-Newman black hole
Visser, Matt
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Based on various string theoretic constructions, there have been repeated suggestions that the areas of black hole event horizons should be quantized in a quite specific manner, involving linear combinations of square roots of natural numbers. It is important to realise the significant physical limitations of such proposals when one attempts to extend them outside their original framework. Specifically, in their most natural and direct physical interpretations, these specific proposals for horizon areas fail for the ordinary Kerr-Newman black holes in (3+1) dimensions, essentially because the fine structure constant is not an integer. A more baroque interpretation involves asserting the fine structure constant is the square root of a rational number; but such a proposal has its own problems. Insofar as one takes (3+1) general relativity (plus the usual quantization of angular momentum and electric charge) as being paramount, the known explicitly calculable spectra of horizon areas for the physically compellin...
Wave Properties of Plasma Surrounding the Event Horizon of a Non-Rotating Black Hole
M. Sharif; G. Mustafa
2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
We have studied the wave properties of the cold and isothermal plasma in the vicinity of the Schwarzschild black hole event horizon. The Fourier analyzed perturbed 3+1 GRMHD equations are taken on the basis of which the complex dispersion relations are obtained for non-rotating, rotating non-magnetized and rotating magnetized backgrounds. The propagation and attenuation vectors along with the refractive index are obtained (shown in graphs) to study the dispersive properties of the medium near the event horizon. The results show that no information can be obtained from the Schwarzschild magnetosphere. Further, the pressure ceases the existence of normal dispersion of waves.
New Horizons Science Photos from NASA's Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
DOE provided the power supply for NASA's New Horizons Mission, a mission to the Pluto and Charon, a double-planet system, and the Kuiper Belt. There are 61 science photos posted on the New Horizons website, along with mission photos, spacecraft images, launch photos, posters and renderings that are both scientific and artistic. Dates range from June of 2006 to February of 2008. The images can be searched by keywords, by date, or by subject topic. They can also be browsed as an entire list. Each image has a detailed description.
Force-free magnetosphere on near-horizon geometry of near-extreme Kerr black holes
Huiquan Li; Cong Yu; Jiancheng Wang; Zhaoyi Xu
2015-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
We study force-free magnetospheres in the Blandford-Znajek process from rapidly rotating black holes by adopting the near-horizon geometry of near-extreme Kerr black holes (near-NHEK). It is shown that the Znajek regularity condition on the horizon can be directly derived from the resulting stream equation. In terms of the condition, we split the full stream equation into two separate equations. Approximate solutions around the rotation axis are derived. They are found to be consistent with previous solutions obtained in the asymptotic region. The solutions indicate energy and angular-momentum extraction from the hole.
Shenanigans at the black hole horizon: pair creation or Boulware accretion?
Israel, Werner
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The current scenario of black hole evaporation holds that the Hawking energy flux $F$ is powered by pair creation at the horizon. However, pair creation produces entanglements, some of which must necessarily be broken before the black hole evaporates completely. That leads to loss of information and violation of unitarity. In this paper, an alternative scenario is suggested that reproduces the essential features of Hawking evaporation, but does not invoke pair creation with its attendant problems. In this "accreting Boulware" scenario, a positive flux $F$ is still an outflux at infinity, but near the horizon it becomes an influx of negative energy. This negative energy flux (marginally) satisfies the Flanagan energy inequality.
Data-mined similarity function between material compositions
Yang, Lusann
A new method for assessing the similarity of material compositions is described. A similarity measure is important for the classification and clustering of compositions. The similarity of the material compositions is ...
Two Similarity Measure Approaches to Whole Building Fault Diagnosis
Lin, G.; Claridge, D.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
similarity are defined and the methodology for implementing the proposed whole building fault diagnosis approaches is presented. Cosine similarity and Euclidean distance similarity are applied to two field observed fault test cases, and both the cosine...
Pani, Paolo [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Cagliari, and INFN sezione di Cagliari, Cittadella Universitaria 09042 Monserrato (Italy); Berti, Emanuele [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi 38677-1848 (United States); Theoretical Astrophysics 350-17, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Cardoso, Vitor [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi 38677-1848 (United States); Centro Multidisciplinar de Astrofisica - CENTRA, Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Chen Yanbei; Norte, Richard [Theoretical Astrophysics 350-17, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)
2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Gravitational waves from compact objects provide information about their structure, probing deep into strong-gravity regions. Here we illustrate how the presence or absence of an event horizon can produce qualitative differences in the gravitational waves emitted by ultracompact objects. In order to set up a straw-man ultracompact object with no event horizon, but which is otherwise almost identical to a black hole, we consider a nonrotating thin-shell model inspired by Mazur and Mottola's gravastar, which has a Schwarzschild exterior, a de Sitter interior and an infinitely thin shell with finite tension separating the two regions. As viewed from the external space-time, the shell can be located arbitrarily close to the Schwarzschild radius, so a gravastar might seem indistinguishable from a black hole when tests are only performed on its external metric. We study the linearized dynamics of the system, and, in particular, the junction conditions connecting internal and external gravitational perturbations. As a first application of the formalism we compute polar and axial oscillation modes of a thin-shell gravastar. We show that the quasinormal mode spectrum is completely different from that of a black hole, even in the limit when the surface redshift becomes infinite. Polar quasinormal modes depend on the equation of state of matter on the shell and can be used to distinguish between different gravastar models. Our calculations suggest that low-compactness gravastars could be unstable when the sound speed on the shell v{sub s}/c > or approx. 0.92.
Chmura, Gail L.
marsh samples has advantages over other coring methods. By freezing the salt marsh soil in CryogenicUsing Marker Horizons and Cryogenic Coring to Monitor Sediment Deposition in Salt Marshes that has accumulated over the marker horizon is measured. Cryogenic coring is one method of extracting
Clement, Prabhakar
Fate of Deepwater Horizon oil in Alabama's beach system: Understanding physical evolution processes: Available online 10 December 2014 Keywords: Oil spill Deepwater Horizon spill Beach contamination Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Crude oil spill a b s t r a c t The impact of MC252 oil on northern Gulf of Mexico
Entekhabi, Dara
PROBLEM The 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DH) oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was unprecedented in both of Mexico during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. This satellite image shows the oil slick off its magnitude -- nearly 5 million barrels of oil spilled over nearly three months -- and its location
Draft Horizon 2020 Work Programme 2014-2015 in the area of health, demographic change and wellbeing
Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität
and wellbeing PART 8 - Page 2 of 96 Personalising health and care19 11 2013 Draft Horizon 2020 Work Programme 2014-2015 in the area of health, demographic change of the content of this document. #12;HORIZON 2020 WORK PROGRAMME 2014-2015 Health, demographic change
Grosell, Martin
Study: Exposure to crude oil from the Deepwater Horizon disaster causes swimming deficiencies of large fish Crude oil spreads across a wide swath of the Gulf of Mexico during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon. The four million barrels of crude oil that spewed into the Gulf of Mexico from BP's failed oil drilling
Characterization of Doppler Effects in the Context of Over-the-Horizon Radar
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Characterization of Doppler Effects in the Context of Over-the-Horizon Radar Cornel Ioana Grenoble addresses the problem of the characterization of Doppler effect of maneuvering targets in the context reveals the Doppler effects characterizing the target's trajectory. Analysis of such signals
Estimating Surface Oil Extent from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill using ASCAT Backscatter
Long, David G.
Estimating Surface Oil Extent from the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill using ASCAT Backscatter Richard Provo, UT 84602 Abstract--The damping effects of oil on capillary ocean waves alter the backscattered backscatter from the ocean surface uncontaminated by surface oil. Large differences between expected
Proof of linear instability of the Reissner-Nordström Cauchy horizon under scalar perturbations
Jonathan Luk; Sung-Jin Oh
2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z
It has long been suggested that solutions to linear scalar wave equation $$\\Box_g\\phi=0$$ on a fixed subextremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime with non-vanishing charge are generically singular at the Cauchy horizon. We prove that generic smooth and compactly supported initial data on a Cauchy hypersurface indeed give rise to solutions with infinite nondegenerate energy near the Cauchy horizon in the interior of the black hole. In particular, the solution generically does not belong to $W^{1,2}_{loc}$. This instability is related to the celebrated blue shift effect in the interior of the black hole. The problem is motivated by the strong cosmic censorship conjecture and it is expected that for the full nonlinear Einstein-Maxwell system, this instability leads to a singular Cauchy horizon for generic small perturbations of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om spacetime. Moreover, in addition to the instability result, we also show as a consequence of the proof that Price's law decay is generically sharp along the event horizon.
Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics New Horizons for Rural Reform in China
Kammen, Daniel M.
11 Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics New Horizons for Rural Reform in China: Resources a reform agenda to alleviate rural poverty and improve environmental sustainability in China. It focuses on labor reform, suggesting reductions in the work week and providing incentives aimed at encouraging exit
Tokyo Tech International Symposium New Horizon of Electronic Materials Using Abundant Elements
Tokyo Tech International Symposium New Horizon of Electronic Materials Using Abundant Elements Date University, Sweden) In Harmony with the Environment: New Materials Harnessing Nature's Energy Flows 14 Theoretical and Computational Approach to New Materials Date: 10:00-19:00, 4th June, 2015: Lecture Session 10
Adrian Ottewill; Peter Taylor
2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
We obtain an analytic expression for the vacuum polarization on the horizon of the Schwarzschild black hole threaded by an infinite cosmic string. This calculation relies on a generalized Heine identity for Legendre functions which we derive without using specific properties of the Legendre functions themselves.
Dark Clouds on the Horizon: Using Cloud Storage as Attack Vector and Online Slack Space
Dark Clouds on the Horizon: Using Cloud Storage as Attack Vector and Online Slack Space Martin this as online slack space. We conclude by discussing security improvements for mod- ern online storage services protocol. With the advent of cloud computing and the shared usage of resources, these centralized storage
A Parallel Rolling Horizon Scheme for Large Scale Security Constrained Unit Commitment Problems
Feinberg, Eugene A.
A Parallel Rolling Horizon Scheme for Large Scale Security Constrained Unit Commitment Problems: eyuan@ams.sunysb.edu Abstract--The Unit Commitment Problem (UCP) is an im- portant category of power and how to dispatch the committed units to meet the electricity demands, ancillary services requirements
New insights into microbial responses to oil spills from the Deepwater Horizon incident
Mason, O.U.; Hazen, T.C.
2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
On April 20, 2010, a catastrophic eruption of methane caused the Deepwater Horizon exploratory drill rig drilling the Macondo Well in Mississippi Canyon Block 252 (MC252) to explode. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was unprecendeted for several reasons: the volume of oil released; the spill duration; the well depth; the distance from the shore-line (77 km or about 50 miles); the type of oil (light crude); and the injection of dispersant directly at the wellhead. This study clearly demonstrated that there was a profound and significant response by certain members of the in situ microbial community in the deep-sea in the Gulf of Mexico. In particular putative hydrocarbon degrading Bacteria appeared to bloom in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, even though the temperature at these depths is never >5 C. As the plume aged the shifts in the microbial community on a temporal scale suggested that different, yet metabolically important members of the community were able to respond to a myriad of plume constituents, e.g. shifting from propane/ethane to alkanes and finally to methane. Thus, the biodegradation of hydrocarbons in the plume by Bacteria was a highly significant process in the natural attenuation of many compounds released during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Decay of correlations for flows with unbounded roof function, including the infinite horizon planar
Decay of correlations for flows with unbounded roof function, including the infinite horizon planar for studying nonuniformly hyperbolic flows with unbounded roof functions. In particular, we establish the decay of other classes of flows with unbounded roof functions. For geometric Lorenz attractors (in- cluding
Decay of correlations for flows with unbounded roof function, including the infinite horizon planar
Decay of correlations for flows with unbounded roof function, including the infinite horizon planar for studying nonuniformly hyperbolic flows with unbounded roof functions. In particular, we establish the decay of other classes of flows with unbounded roof functions. For geometric Lorenz attractors (in cluding
manipulator with a camera. The behavior of receding horizon control is almost same as inverse optimal control proposed a Lyapunov based visual feedback control with a planar manipulator [6]. Recently, the inverse cost are given by the control Lyapunov function. The inverse optimal control for the planar manipulator
A problem of hypothetical emerging of matter objects on horizon in the standard model of universe
V. Skalsky
2000-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
In the standard model of universe the increase in mass of our observed expansive Universe is explained by the assumption of emerging the matter objects on the horizon (of the most remote visibility). However, the physical analysis of the influence of this assumption on the velocity of matter objects shows unambiguously that this hypothetical assumption contradicts the theory of gravity.
Receding-horizon Supervisory Control of Green Buildings Truong X. Nghiem, George J. Pappas
Pappas, George J.
.S. Department of Energy. Consequently, there has been a growing interest in green buildings, i.e., energy]). For this reason, green buildings (i.e., energy-efficient buildings) have been of strong interest not onlyReceding-horizon Supervisory Control of Green Buildings Truong X. Nghiem, George J. Pappas
WHEN GLACIERS BREAK THE ICE BETWEEN SEVERAL SCIENTIFIC HORIZONS T. Landes, P. Grussenmeyer, M. Koehl
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
WHEN GLACIERS BREAK THE ICE BETWEEN SEVERAL SCIENTIFIC HORIZONS T. Landes, P. Grussenmeyer, M temperate glacier activity. For this ambitious purpose, it was necessary to reassemble specialists coming glaciers was a unique opportunity for the MAP-PAGE team, specialized in geodetic surveying and imaging
On the Lack of Type I X-ray Bursts in Black Hole X-ray Binaries: Evidence for the Event Horizon?
Ramesh Narayan; Jeremy S. Heyl
2002-06-28T23:59:59.000Z
Type I X-ray bursts are very common in neutron star X-ray binaries, but no Type I burst has been seen in the dozen or so binaries in which the accreting compact star is too massive to be a neutron star and therefore is identified as a black hole candidate. We have carried out a global linear stability analysis of the accumulating fuel on the surface of a compact star to identify the conditions under which thermonuclear bursts are triggered. Our analysis, which improves on previous calculations, reproduces the gross observational trends of bursts in neutron star systems. It further shows that, if black hole candidates have surfaces, they would very likely exhibit instabilities similar to those that lead to Type I bursts on neutron stars. The lack of bursts in black hole candidates is thus significant, and indicates that these objects have event horizons. We discuss possible caveats to this conclusion.
Olaf Dreyer
2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
Attempts to quantize general relativity encounter an odd problem. The Hamiltonian that normally generates time evolution vanishes in the case of general relativity as a result of diffeomorphism invariance. The theory seems to be saying that time does not exist. The most obvious feature of our world, namely that time seems to progress and that the world changes accordingly becomes a problem in this presumably fundamental theory. This is called the problem of time. In this essay we argue that this problem is the result of an unphysical idealization. We are caught in this "problem of time" trap because we took a wrong turn in the early days of relativity by permanently including a split of geometry and matter into our physical theories. We show that another possibility exists that circumvents the problem of time and also sheds new light on other problems like the cosmological constant problem and the horizon problem in early universe cosmology.
Akiyama, Kazunori; Fish, Vincent L; Doeleman, Sheperd S; Broderick, Avery E; Dexter, Jason; Hada, Kazuhiro; Kino, Motoki; Nagai, Hiroshi; Honma, Mareki; Johnson, Michael D; Algaba, Juan C; Asada, Keiichi; Brinkerink, Christiaan; Blundell, Ray; Bower, Geoffrey C; Cappallo, Roger; Crew, Geoffrey B; Dexter, Matt; Dzib, Sergio A; Freund, Robert; Friberg, Per; Gurwell, Mark; Ho, Paul T P; Inoue, Makoto; Krichbaum, Thomas P; Loinard, Laurent; MacMahon, David; Marrone, Daniel P; Moran, James M; Nakamura, Masanori; Nagar, Neil M; Ortiz-Leon, Gisela; Plambeck, Richard; Pradel, Nicolas; Primiani, Rurik A; Rogers, Alan E E; Roy, Alan L; SooHoo, Jason; Tavares, Jonathan-Leon; Tilanus, Remo P J; Titus, Michael; Wagner, Jan; Weintroub, Jonathan; Yamaguchi, Paul; Young, Ken H; Zensus, Anton; Ziurys, Lucy M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report on 230 GHz (1.3 mm) VLBI observations of M87 with the Event Horizon Telescope using antennas on Mauna Kea in Hawaii, Mt. Graham in Arizona and Cedar Flat in California. For the first time, we have acquired 230 GHz VLBI interferometric phase information on M87 through measurement of closure phase on the triangle of long baselines. Most of the measured closure phases are consistent with 0$^{\\circ}$ as expected by physically-motivated models for 230 GHz structure such as jet models and accretion disk models. The brightness temperature of the event-horizon-scale structure is $\\sim 1 \\times 10^{10}$ K derived from the compact flux density of $\\sim 1$ Jy and the angular size of $\\sim 40 $ $\\rm \\mu$as $\\sim$ 5.5 $R_{{\\rm s}}$, which is broadly consistent with the peak brightness of the radio cores at 1-86 GHz located within $\\sim 10^2$ $R_{{\\rm s}}$. Our observations occurred in the middle of an enhancement in very-high-energy (VHE) $\\rm \\gamma$-ray flux, presumably originating in the vicinity of the centr...
Alternative similarity renormalization group generators in nuclear structure calculations
Nuiok M. Dicaire; Conor Omand; Petr Navratil
2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
The similarity renormalization group (SRG) has been successfully applied to soften interactions for ab initio nuclear calculations. In almost all practical applications in nuclear physics, an SRG generator with the kinetic energy operator is used. With this choice, a fast convergence of many-body calculations can be achieved, but at the same time substantial three-body interactions are induced even if one starts from a purely two-nucleon (NN) Hamiltonian. Three-nucleon (3N) interactions can be handled by modern many-body methods. However, it has been observed that when including initial chiral 3N forces in the Hamiltonian, the SRG transformations induce a non-negligible four-nucleon interaction that cannot be currently included in the calculations for technical reasons. Consequently, it is essential to investigate alternative SRG generators that might suppress the induction of many-body forces while at the same time might preserve the good convergence. In this work we test two alternative generators with operators of block structure in the harmonic oscillator basis. In the no-core shell model calculations for 3H, 4He and 6Li with chiral NN force, we demonstrate that their performances appear quite promising.
Measuring Similarity in Large-scale Folksonomies Giovanni Quattrone1
Ferrara, Emilio
Measuring Similarity in Large-scale Folksonomies Giovanni Quattrone1 , Emilio Ferrara2 , Pasquale by power law distributions of tags, over which commonly used similarity metrics, in- cluding the Jaccard to capture similarity in large-scale folksonomies, that is based on a mutual reinforcement principle: that is
Redefining similarity in a thesaurus by using corpora Hiroyuki Shinnou
Redefining similarity in a thesaurus by using corpora Hiroyuki Shinnou Ibar~ki University Dept- ally used in various domains. By these similarities, we can construct a large and general thesaurus two nouns. The similarity is usu- ally calculated from a thesaurus. Since a hand- made thesaurus
TECHNICAL ADVANCE BAR expressolog identification: expression profile similarity
Toronto, University of
TECHNICAL ADVANCE BAR expressolog identification: expression profile similarity ranking with the highest sequence similarity do not necessarily exhibit the highest expression pattern similarity. Other-annotation or more specific annotation. Ultimately, it is envisaged that this pipeline will aid in improvement
Similarity Between Obesity and Drug Addiction as Assessed
Homes, Christopher C.
Similarity Between Obesity and Drug Addiction as Assessed by Neurofunctional Imaging: A Concept. Overeating in obese individuals shares similarities with the loss of control and compulsive drug taking]: "Similarity Between Obesity and Drug Addiction as Assessed by Neurofunctional Imaging: A Concept Review." Wang
Hamilton-Jacobi Tunneling Method for Dynamical Horizons in Different Coordinate Gauges
Roberto Di Criscienzo; Sean A. Hayward; Mario Nadalini; Luciano Vanzo; Sergio Zerbini
2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
Previous work on dynamical black hole instability is further elucidated within the Hamilton-Jacobi method for horizon tunneling and the reconstruction of the classical action by means of the null-expansion method. Everything is based on two natural requirements, namely that the tunneling rate is an observable and therefore it must be based on invariantly defined quantities, and that coordinate systems which do not cover the horizon should not be admitted. These simple observations can help to clarify some ambiguities, like the doubling of the temperature occurring in the static case when using singular coordinates, and the role, if any, of the temporal contribution of the action to the emission rate. The formalism is also applied to FRW cosmological models, where it is observed that it predicts the positivity of the temperature naturally, without further assumptions on the sign of the energy.
Solar Wind at 33 AU: Setting Bounds on the Pluto Interaction for New Horizons
Bagenal, F; Elliott, H A; Hill, M E; Lisse, C M; McComas, D J; McNutt,, R L; Richardson, J D; Smith, C W; Strobel, D F
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The NASA New Horizons spacecraft flies past Pluto on July 14, 2015, carrying two instruments that detect charged particles. Pluto has a tenuous, extended atmosphere that is escaping the weak gravity of the planet. The interaction of the solar wind with the escaping atmosphere of Pluto depends on solar wind conditions as well as the vertical structure of the atmosphere. We have analyzed Voyager 2 particles and fields measurements between 25 and 39 AU and present their statistical variations. We have adjusted these predictions to allow for the declining activity of the Sun and solar wind output. We summarize the range of SW conditions that can be expected at 33 AU and survey the range of scales of interaction that New Horizons might experience. Model estimates for the solar wind stand-off distance vary from approximately 7 to 1000 RP with our best estimate being around 40 RP (where we take the radius of Pluto to be RP=1184 km).
Vibration Testing of the Pluto/New Horizons Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator
Charles D. Griffin
2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Radioisotopic Thermal Generator (RTG) for the Pluto/New Horizons spacecraft was subjected to a flight dynamic acceptance test to demonstrate that it would perform successfully following launch. Seven RTGs of this type had been assembled and tested at Mound, Ohio from 1984 to 1997. This paper chronicles major events in establishing a new vibration test laboratory at the Idaho National Laboratory and the nineteen days of dynamic testing.
Meyers, Steven D.
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Principal Investigator (PI) Conference Sponsored Ballroom · Oil/dispersant - extent and fate Tom Ryerson, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration · Oil/dispersant - impacts and mitigation in coastal
Holographic Space-time and Black Holes: Mirages As Alternate Reality
Tom Banks; Willy Fischler; Sandipan Kundu; Juan F. Pedraza
2014-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit our investigation of the claim of [1] that old black holes contain a firewall, i.e. an in-falling observer encounters highly excited states at a time much shorter than the light crossing time of the Schwarzschild radius. We used the formalism of Holographic Space-time (HST) where there is no dramatic change in particle physics inside the horizon until a time of order the Schwarzschild radius. We correct our description of the interior of the black hole . HST provides a complete description of the quantum mechanics along any time-like trajectory, even those which fall through the black hole horizon. The latter are described as alternative factorizations of the description of an external observer, turning the mirage of the interior provided by that observer's membrane paradigm on the stretched horizon, into reality.
Non-commutative Einstein-Proca Space-time
Blanca Gónzales; Román Linares; Marco Maceda; Oscar Sánchez-Santos
2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we present a deformed model of Einstein-Proca space-time based on the replacement of point-like sources by non-commutative smeared distributions. We discuss the solutions to the set of non-commutative Einstein-Proca equations thus obtained, with emphasis on the issue of singularities and horizons.
A FUZZY SIMILARITY-BASED METHOD FOR FAILURE DETECTION AND RECOVERY TIME ESTIMATION
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident management involves the anticipation of paths of potentially dangerous that they detect the occurrence of the accident, determine the extent of challenge to plant safety, monitor, Emergency Accident Management, Lead-Bismuth Eutectic eXperimental Accelerator Driven System (LBE
Syntactic Features and Word Similarity for Supervised Metonymy Malvina Nissim
Markert, Katja
).2 In (2), "Pakistan", the name of a location, refers to one of its national sports teams.3 (2) Pakistan://info.ox.ac.uk/bnc). #12;Scotland subj-of subj-of win lose context reduction Pakistan Scotland-subj-of-losePakistan-subj-of-win similarity semantic class head similarity role similarity Pakistan had won the World Cup lost in the semi
Psaltis, Dimitrios; Kramer, Michael
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The black hole in the center of the Milky Way, Sgr A*, has the largest mass-to-distance ratio among all known black holes in the Universe. This property makes Sgr A* the optimal target for testing the gravitational no-hair theorem. In the near future, major developments in instrumentation will provide the tools for high-precision studies of its spacetime via observations of relativistic effects in stellar orbits, in the timing of pulsars, and in horizon-scale images of its accretion flow. We explore here the prospect of measuring the properties of the black-hole spacetime using all these three types of observations. We show that the correlated uncertainties in the measurements of the black-hole spin and quadrupole moment using the orbits of stars and pulsars are nearly orthogonal to those obtained from measuring the shape and size of the shadow the black hole casts on the surrounding emission. Combining these three types of observations will, therefore, allow us to assess and quantify systematic biases and un...
Measuring Test Case Similarity to Support Test Suite Understanding
Zaidman, Andy
Measuring Test Case Similarity to Support Test Suite Understanding Michaela Greiler, Arie van.e.zaidman}@tudelft.nl Abstract. In order to support test suite understanding, we investigate whether we can automatically derive relations between test cases. In par- ticular, we search for trace-based similarities between (high
THE SIMILARITY-IN-TOPOGRAPHY PRINCIPLE: RECONCILING THEORIES OF CONCEPTUAL
Barsalou, Lawrence W.
THE SIMILARITY-IN-TOPOGRAPHY PRINCIPLE: RECONCILING THEORIES OF CONCEPTUAL DEFICITS W. Kyle Simmons deficits, and offer different insights into their origins. Conceptual topography theory (CTT) integrates it with the similarity-in-topography (SIT) principle. According to CTT, feature maps in sensory-motor systems represent
Performing local similarity searches with variable length seeds
CsÃ¼rÃ¶s, MiklÃ³s
Performing local similarity searches with variable length seeds MiklÂ´os CsurÂ¨os DÂ´epartement d manner. The algorithm uses a single parameter to control the speed of the similarity search there are many inventions that improve the speed of a full sensitivity search (e.g., [3]), a full-scale search
Edinburgh Research Explorer Classifying imbalanced data sets using similarity based
Millar, Andrew J.
Edinburgh Research Explorer Classifying imbalanced data sets using similarity based hierarchical. 2015 #12;Classifying Imbalanced Data Sets Using Similarity Based Hierarchical Decomposition Cigdem not require any data pre-processing step as many other solutions need. The new method is based on clustering
Using Negative Shape Features for Logo Similarity Matching Aya Soffer
Samet, Hanan
Using Negative Shape Features for Logo Similarity Matching Aya Soffer , Hanan Samet y Computer A method for representing and matching logos based on positiveandnegative shape features ispresented. Neg. The goal is to find logos in a database that are most similar to a given sample logo. A border is added
Designing Integrated Accelerator for Stream Ciphers with Structural Similarities
International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)
Designing Integrated Accelerator for Stream Ciphers with Structural Similarities Sourav Sen Gupta1PAcc-LTE, a high performance integrated design that combines the two ciphers in hardware, based on their structural core supporting multiple designs having similar algorithmic structures. Keywords: Stream Ciphers
Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus
Rosso, Paolo
Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus Parth Gupta, Alberto Barr Universitat Polit`ecnica de Val`encia, Spain {pgupta,lbarron,prosso}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle Abstract. This work addresses the issue of cross-language high similarity and near-duplicates search, where
Self-similar Evolution of Self-Gravitating Viscous Accretion Discs
Illenseer, Tobias F
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A new one-dimensional, dynamical model is proposed for geometrically thin, self-gravitating viscous accretion discs. The vertically integrated equations are simplified using the slow accretion limit and the monopole approximation with a time-dependent central point mass to account for self-gravity and accretion. It is shown that the system of partial differential equations can be reduced to a single non-linear advection diffusion equation which describes the time evolution of angular velocity. In order to solve the equation three different turbulent viscosity prescriptions are considered. It is shown that for these parametrizations the differential equation allows for similarity transformations depending only on a single non-dimensional parameter. A detailed analysis of the similarity solutions reveals that this parameter is the initial power law exponent of the angular velocity distribution at large radii. The radial dependence of the self-similar solutions is in most cases given by broken power laws. At sma...
Extended self-similarity of atmospheric boundary layer wind fields in mesoscale regime: Is it real?
Kiliyanpilakkil, V P
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter, we study the scaling properties of multi-year observed and atmospheric model-generated wind time series. We have found that the extended self-similarity holds for the observed series, and remarkably, the scaling exponents corresponding to the meoscale range closely match the well-accepted inertial-range turbulence values. However, the scaling results from the simulated time series are significantly different.
A wavelet-based spectral method for extracting self-similarity measures in
Katul, Gabriel
A wavelet-based spectral method for extracting self-similarity measures in time-varying two of wavelet-based spectral methods are now routinely employed to estimate Hurst exponents and other measures of regularity and scaling. In this article, an ensemble of new wavelet- based spectral tools for analysis of 2-D
Tian, David Wenjie
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The thermodynamics of the Universe is re-studied by requiring its compatibility with the holographic-style gravitational equations which govern the dynamics of both the cosmological apparent horizon and the entire Universe. We start from the Lambda Cold Dark Matter ($\\Lambda$CDM) cosmology of general relativity (GR) to establish a framework for the gravitational thermodynamics. The Clausius equation $T_AdS_A=-A_A \\psi_t$ for the isochoric process of an instantaneous apparent horizon indicates that, the Universe and its horizon entropies encode the Positive Out thermodynamic sign convention, which encourage us to adjust the traditional positive-heat-in Gibbs equation into the positive-heat-out version $dE_m=-T_mdS_m-P_mdV$. It turns out that the standard and the generalized second laws (GSLs) of nondecreasing entropies are always respected by the event-horizon system as long as the expanding Universe is dominated by nonexotic matter $-1\\leq w_m\\leq 1$, while for the apparent-horizon simple open system the two ...
Research Articles Combining Drug and Gene Similarity Measures
Sharan, Roded
of drug-drug and gene-gene similarity measures, combined with a logistic regression component to detection problems due to multiple gene and compound names. Additional attempts were based on reverse
Simultaneous Registration of Multiple Images: Similarity Metrics and Efficient Optimization
Wachinger, Christian
We address the alignment of a group of images with simultaneous registration. Therefore, we provide further insights into a recently introduced framework for multivariate similarity measures, referred to as accumulated ...
Visual Similarity Effects in Categorical Search Robert G. Alexander1
Zelinsky, Greg
Visual Similarity Effects in Categorical Search Robert G. Alexander1 (rgalexander Microsoft Corporation Abstract The factors affecting search guidance to categorical targets are largely classes, teddy bears and butterflies, affects search guidance. Experiment 1 used a web-based task
Two Similarity Measure Approaches to Whole Building Fault Diagnosis
Lin, G.; Claridge, D.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
diagnosis of turbine based on similarity measures between interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets, International Conference on Measuring Technology and Mechatronics Automation, China. Li, J. and W. Dai. (2005), Research on fault diagnosis for oil...
Cosine Similarity Scoring without Score Normalization Techniques Najim Dehak1
by the Department of Defense under Air Force Contract FA8721-05-C-0002. Opinions, interpretations, conclu- sions as follows. In Section 1.1, we de- scribe the total variability space and the original cosine similar- ity
The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt Mission: An Overview with Historical Context
S. Alan Stern
2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z
NASA's New Horizons (NH) Pluto-Kuiper belt (PKB) mission was launched on 19 January 2006 on a Jupiter Gravity Assist (JGA) trajectory toward the Pluto system for a 14 July 2015 closest approach; Jupiter closest approach occurred on 28 February 2007. It was competitively selected by NASA for development on 29 November 2001. New Horizons is the first mission to the Pluto system and the Kuiper belt; and will complete the reconnaissance of the classical planets. The ~400 kg spacecraft carries seven scientific instruments, including imagers, spectrometers, radio science, a plasma and particles suite, and a dust counter built by university students. NH will study the Pluto system over a 5-month period beginning in early 2015. Following Pluto, NH will go on to reconnoiter one or two 30-50 kilometer diameter Kuiper belt Objects (KBOs), if NASA approves an extended mission. If successful, NH will represent a watershed development in the scientific exploration of a new class of bodies in the solar system - dwarf planets, of worlds with exotic volatiles on their surfaces, of rapidly (possibly hydrodynamically) escaping atmospheres, and of giant impact derived satellite systems. It will also provide the first dust density measurements beyond 18 AU, cratering records that shed light on both the ancient and present-day KB impactor population down to tens of meters, and a key comparator to the puzzlingly active, former dwarf planet (now satellite of Neptune) called Triton, which is as large as Eris and Pluto.
Hagedorn String Thermodynamics in Curved Spacetimes and near Black Hole Horizons
Thomas G. Mertens
2015-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis concerns the study of high-temperature string theory on curved backgrounds, generalizing the notions of Hagedorn temperature and thermal scalar to general backgrounds. Chapter 2 contains a review on string thermodynamics in flat space, setting the stage. Chapters 3 and 4 contain the detailed study of the random walk picture in a general curved background. Chapters 5 and 6 then apply this to Rindler space, the near-horizon approximation of a generic (uncharged) black hole. Chapters 7 and 8 contain a study of the AdS3 and BTZ WZW models where we study the thermal spectrum and the resulting random walk picture that emerges. Chapters 9 and 10 attempt to draw general conclusions from the study of the two specific examples earlier: we draw lessons on string thermodynamics in general and on (perturbative) string thermodynamics around black hole horizons. For the latter, we point out a possible link to the firewall paradox. Finally, chapter 11 contains a detailed discussion on the near-Hagedorn (and high-energy) stress tensor in a generic spacetime, the results of which are applied to provide a description of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy in terms of long string equilibration.
Park, Yeonjeong; Harmon, Thomas C
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
water content, residual water content, an empirical moistureand rinsed with deionized water to remove residual salts.residual salt concentrations were found to be negligible compared to the salt loading in the irrigation water,
Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)
pioneered the Clean Air Act (CAA) in 1963 which established a criteria pollutants list considered dangerous and the Netherlands are among the most advanced countries in relation to environmental pollution control. USA in 1970 to set the uniform national standards for air quality, to create the Environmental Protection
Rehabilitating space-times with NUTs
Clément, Gérard; Guenouche, Mourad
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit the Taub-NUT solution of the Einstein equations without time periodicity condition, showing that the Misner string is still fully transparent for geodesics. In this case, analytic continuation can be carried out through both horizons leading to a Hausdorff spacetime without a central singularity, and thus geodesically complete. Furthermore, we show that, in spite of the presence of a region containing closed time-like curves, there are no closed causal {\\em geodesics}. Thus, some longstanding obstructions to accept the Taub-NUT solution as physically relevant are removed.
Rehabilitating space-times with NUTs
Gérard Clément; Dmitri Gal'tsov; Mourad Guenouche
2015-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit the Taub-NUT solution of the Einstein equations without time periodicity condition, showing that the Misner string is still fully transparent for geodesics. In this case, analytic continuation can be carried out through both horizons leading to a Hausdorff spacetime without a central singularity, and thus geodesically complete. Furthermore, we show that, in spite of the presence of a region containing closed time-like curves, there are no closed causal {\\em geodesics}. Thus, some longstanding obstructions to accept the Taub-NUT solution as physically relevant are removed.
Upper bound for entropy in asymptotically de Sitter space-time
Kengo Maeda; Tatsuhiko Koike; Makoto Narita; Akihiro Ishibashi
1997-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate nature of asymptotically de Sitter space-times containing a black hole. We show that if the matter fields satisfy the dominant energy condition and the cosmic censorship holds in the considering space-time, the area of the cosmological event horizon for an observer approaching a future timelike infinity does not decrease, i.e. the second law is satisfied. We also show under the same conditions that the total area of the black hole and the cosmological event horizon, a quarter of which is the total Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, is less than $12\\pi/\\Lambda$, where $\\Lambda$ is a cosmological constant. Physical implications are also discussed.
Discrete Cosmological Self-Similarity And Delta Scuti Stars
R. L. Oldershaw
2008-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
Within the context of a fractal paradigm that emphasizes nature's well-stratified hierarchical organization, the delta Scuti class of variable stars is investigated for evidence of discrete cosmological self-similarity. Methods that were successfully applied to the RR Lyrae class of variable stars are used to identify Atomic Scale analogues to delta Scuti stars and their relevant range of energy levels. The mass, pulsation mode and fundamental oscillation period of a well-studied delta Scuti star are shown to be quantitatively self-similar to the counterpart parameters of a uniquely identified Atomic Scale analogue. Several additional tests confirm the specificity of the discrete fractal relationship.
Quantitative similarity analysis of small-break loss-of-coolant accident scenarios
Prosek, A.; Kljenak, I.; Mavko, B. [Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia). Jozef Stefan Inst.
1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Classifications of small-break loss-of-coolant accidents based on objective quantitative similarity analysis are proposed. Accident scenarios were simulated in a two-loop pressurized water reactor plant with the RELAP5/MOD3.1 computer code for break sizes ranging from 1.27 cm (0.5 in.) to 15.2 cm (6 in.), with different availability of auxiliary feedwater system or reactor coolant pump trip delay. Similarities between different accident simulations were evaluated by comparing relevant time-dependent parameters with fast Fourier transform and correlation methods. Quantification of similarity between accident simulations could eventually lead to further development of the Code Scaling, Applicability and Uncertainty methodology.
Monitoring and Assessing Implications of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Potential Impacts and identifying the areas that can be affected by the oil spill. The assessments performed during this cruise.Lamkin@noaa.gov; 3053614226 1. Executive Summary. As part of NOAA's response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Horiuchi, Timothy K.
and roll of miniature aircraft in moderate-to-high-altitude flight. This prototype sensor uses a 12 12 Identifier 10.1109/TCSI.2008.2010097 Fig. 1. Visual-horizon detection from relatively high altitude can A Low-Power Visual-Horizon Estimation Chip Timothy K. Horiuchi, Member, IEEE Abstract--Recent successes
a Sand Barrier Berm to Mitigate the Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on Louisiana Marshes of Building a Sand Barrier Berm to Mitigate the Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on LouisianaRe: Report has been approved: Effects of Building a Sand Barrier Berm to Mitigate the Effects
Meyers, Steven D.
better or worse than the others throughout the event with one excep- tion. The lessons learned fromTrajectory Forecast as a Rapid Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Yonggang Liu, Robert H. Petersburg, Florida, USA In response to the Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon oil spill, a Lagrangian
Controversy Corner On the similarity between requirements and architecture q
van Vliet, Hans
Controversy Corner On the similarity between requirements and architecture q Remco C. de Boer 2008 Accepted 1 November 2008 Available online 17 November 2008 Keywords: Software architecture Requirements Architectural knowledge a b s t r a c t Many would agree that there is a relationship between
Similarity measure to identify users' profiles in web usage mining
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Similarity measure to identify users' profiles in web usage mining Firas Abou Latif -- Nicolas information. It makes the website browsing process even harder. This paper addresses the web usage mining problématique ré- currente. Le Web Usage Mining, qui tente de résoudre ce problème, propose des techniques
Analyzing Parallelism and Domain Similarities in the MAREC Patent Corpus
Riezler, Stefan
Analyzing Parallelism and Domain Similarities in the MAREC Patent Corpus Katharina W}@cl.uni-heidelberg.de Abstract. Statistical machine translation of patents requires large a- mounts of sentence-parallel data. Translations of patent text often exist for parts of the patent document, namely title, abstract and claims
NEWS AND VIEWS Alternative splicing variability: exactly how similar
Ares Jr., Manny
NEWS AND VIEWS Alternative splicing variability: exactly how similar are two identical cells and provide the first direct view of alternative splicing at the single cell level. Early hints that alternative splicing might vary within an isogenic cell population came from studies using clever dual
Flexible sequence similarity searching with the FASTA3 program package
Humphrey, Marty
1 Flexible sequence similarity searching with the FASTA3 program package William R. Pearson questions, such as: "Which FASTA program should I use?", "What threshold should I use for statistical, fasty3, tfastx3, and tfasty3, and the program for estimating statistical significance from shuffled
THE IMPORTANCE OF SEQUENCES IN MUSICAL SIMILARITY Michael Casey
Casey, Michael
-level music information retrieval. A number of audio anal- ysis problems are solved successfully by using improvement in performance for audio similarity mea- sures using temporal sequences of features, and we show in tempo- ral matching of musical signals, and describes approaches that are amenable to fast hashing
Self-similar and charged spheres in the diffusion approximation
W. Barreto; A. Da Silva
2005-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
We study spherical, charged and self--similar distributions of matter in the diffusion approximation. We propose a simple, dynamic but physically meaningful solution. For such a solution we obtain a model in which the distribution becomes static and changes to dust. The collapse is halted with damped mass oscillations about the absolute value of the total charge.
ISOVECTOR FIELDS AND SIMILARITY SOLUTIONS FOR 1-D LINEAR POROELASTICITY
)). Let {x1 , x2 , ..., xn } be a coordinate cover of the vector space En. The exterior algebra (En real-valued C functions on En and k (En), 1 k n is the vector space of all exterior forms of degree k poroelasticity is calculated in this paper by using exterior calculus. Similarity solutions for some special
Mining gene sets for measuring similarities CHRISTINE NARDINI1
Nardini, Christine
Mining gene sets for measuring similarities CHRISTINE NARDINI1 , DANIELE MASOTTI2 , SUNGROH YOON3 and data mining of these new, large types of data. The proliferation of devices able to process in paral of number of genes under different environmental conditions. Data mining algorithms demanded to the analysis
Similarities and Differences in Genome-Wide Expression Data
Barkai, Naama
Ihmels, Naama Barkai* Departments of Molecular Genetics and Physics of Complex Systems, Weizmann profiles are similar, we find that for all organisms the connectivity distribution follows a power. We reveal the modular structure by decomposing each set of expression data into coexpressed modules
Atmospheric CO2 concentrations during ancient greenhouse climates were similar
Ahmad, Sajjad
Atmospheric CO2 concentrations during ancient greenhouse climates were similar to those predicted atmospheric CO2 concentrations (½CO2atm) during Earth's ancient greenhouse episodes is essential for accurately predicting the response of future climate to elevated CO2 levels. Empirical estimates of ½CO2atm
New black holes of vacuum Einstein equations with hyperscaling violation and Nil geometry horizons
Mokhtar Hassaine
2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we present a new solution of the vacuum Einstein equations in five dimensions which is a static black hole with hyperscaling violation and with a three-dimensional horizon modeled by one the eight Thurston geometries, namely the Nil geometry. This homogeneous geometry is non-trivial in the sense that it is neither of constant curvature nor a product of constant curvature manifolds. Using the Hamiltonian formalism, we identify the mass and entropy of the black hole solution. Curiously enough, in spite of the fact that the entropy turns to be negative, the mass is positive and the first law of thermodynamics holds. We also discuss the extension in higher dimension.
Dahlqvist, P. [Royal Inst. of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden)
1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the Lyapunov exponent, the generalized Lyapunov exponents, and the diffusion constant for a Lorentz gas on a square lattice, thus having infinite horizon. Approximate zeta functions, written in terms of probabilities rather than periodic orbits, are used in order to avoid the convergence problems of cycle expansions. The emphasis is on the relaxation between the analytic structure of the zeta function, where a branch cut plays an important role, and the asymptotic dynamics of the system. The Lyapunov exponent for the corresponding map agrees with the conjectured limit {lambda}{sub map}=-2 log(R) + C + O(R) and we derive an approximate value for the constant C in good agreement with numerical simulations. We also find a diverging diffusion constant D(t){approx}log t and a phase transition for the generalized Lyapunov exponents.
Microbial gene functions enriched in the Deepwater Horizon deep-sea oil plume
Lu, Z.; Deng, Y.; Nostrand, J.D. Van; He, Z.; Voordeckers, J.; Zhou, A.; Lee, Y.-J.; Mason, O.U.; Dubinsky, E.; Chavarria, K.; Tom, L.; Fortney, J.; Lamendella, R.; Jansson, J.K.; D?haeseleer, P.; Hazen, T.C.; Zhou, J.
2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the deepest and largest offshore spill in U.S. history and its impacts on marine ecosystems are largely unknown. Here, we showed that the microbial community functional composition and structure were dramatically altered in a deep-sea oil plume resulting from the spill. A variety of metabolic genes involved in both aerobic and anaerobic hydrocarbon degradation were highly enriched in the plume compared to outside the plume, indicating a great potential for intrinsic bioremediation or natural attenuation in the deep-sea. Various other microbial functional genes relevant to carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur and iron cycling, metal resistance, and bacteriophage replication were also enriched in the plume. Together, these results suggest that the indigenous marine microbial communities could play a significant role in biodegradation of oil spills in deep-sea environments.
Will new horizons see dust clumps in the Edgeworth-Kuiper Belt?
Vitense, Christian; Krivov, Alexander V.; Löhne, Torsten, E-mail: vitense@astro.uni-jena.de [Astrophysikalisches Institut, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Schillergäßchen 2-3, D-07745 Jena (Germany)
2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Debris disks are thought to be sculptured by neighboring planets. The same is true for the Edgeworth-Kuiper debris disk, yet no direct observational evidence for signatures of giant planets in the Kuiper Belt dust distribution has been found so far. Here we model the dust distribution in the outer solar system to reproduce the dust impact rates onto the dust detector on board the New Horizons spacecraft measured so far and to predict the rates during the Neptune orbit traverse. To this end, we take a realistic distribution of trans-Neptunian objects to launch a sufficient number of dust grains of different sizes and follow their orbits by including radiation pressure, Poynting-Robertson and stellar wind drag, as well as the perturbations of four giant planets. In a subsequent statistical analysis, we calculate number densities and lifetimes of the dust grains in order to simulate a collisional cascade. In contrast to the previous work, our model not only considers collisional elimination of particles but also includes production of finer debris. We find that particles captured in the 3:2 resonance with Neptune build clumps that are not removed by collisions, because the depleting effect of collisions is counteracted by production of smaller fragments. Our model successfully reproduces the dust impact rates measured by New Horizons out to ?23 AU and predicts an increase of the impact rate of about a factor of two or three around the Neptune orbit crossing. This result is robust with respect to the variation of the vaguely known number of dust-producing scattered disk objects, collisional outcomes, and the dust properties.
nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin ca V Trn Du Deepwater Horizon Cc D n Qun Franklin
công cng hin nay. Ban Qun Tr ánh Giá Thit Hi Tài Nguyên The Deepwater Horizon xut by d án v gii trí ti/hoc tng cng s dng và/hoc thng ngon ca công chúng i vi các ngun li thiên nhiên này. xut Nâng Cp Các Công
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
A knowledge-based approach of seismic interpretation : horizon and dip-fault detection by means presents preliminary results obtained through a new seismic interpretation methodology based on cognitive building process. The efforts currently made to improve seismic interpretation are mainly focused
Clement, Prabhakar
Horizon oil submerged off Alabama's beaches Fang Yin, Gerald F. John, Joel S. Hayworth, T. Prabhakar, USA H I G H L I G H T S · Temporal evaluation of PAHs trapped in submerged BP oil spill residues is presented. · PAH weathering rates were high when the oil was floating offshore. · Data show that evaporation
Adrian C. Ottewill; Peter Taylor
2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the renormalized vacuum polarization and stress tensor for a massless, arbitrarily coupled scalar field in the Hartle-Hawking vacuum state on the horizon of a Schwarzschild black hole threaded by an infinte straight cosmic string. This calculation relies on a generalized Heine identity for non-integer Legendre functions which we derive without using specific properties of the Legendre functions themselves.
Load Reduction of Wind Turbines Using Receding Horizon Control Mohsen Soltani, Rafael Wisniewski, Per Brath, and Stephen Boyd Abstract-- Large scale wind turbines are lightly damped mechanical% respectively, when compared to a conventional controller. I. INTRODUCTION The size of wind turbine structures
Adaptive Receding Horizon Control of Tubular Bioreactors J.M. Igreja, J. M. Lemos and R. N. Silva
Sontag, Eduardo
Adaptive Receding Horizon Control of Tubular Bioreactors J.M. Igreja, J. M. Lemos and R. N. Silva algorithm to tubular bioreactors. According to the control strategy proposed, the system of PDEs describing bioreactors. The approach followed consists in approximating the hyperbolic PDE describing the plant
Kusiak, Andrew
of Wind Power: A Data-Driven Approach Andrew Kusiak, Member, IEEE, and Zijun Zhang Abstract--This paper discusses short-horizon prediction of wind speed and power using wind turbine data collected at 10 s inter and data-driven models are developed for wind prediction. Power prediction models are estab- lished, which
David Wenjie Tian; Ivan Booth
2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
Thermodynamics of the Universe is restudied by requiring its compatibility with the holographic-style gravitational equations which govern the dynamics of both the cosmological apparent horizon and the entire Universe. We start from the Lambda Cold Dark Matter ($\\Lambda$CDM) cosmology of general relativity (GR) to establish a framework for the gravitational thermodynamics. The Cai-Kim Clausius equation $T_{\\text{A}}dS_{\\text{A}}=-dE_{\\text{A}}=-A_{\\text{A}} \\psi_t$ for the isochoric process of an instantaneous apparent horizon indicates that, the Universe and its horizon entropies encode the Positive Out thermodynamic sign convention, which encourage us to adjust the traditional positive-heat-in Gibbs equation into the positive-heat-out version $dE_m=-T_mdS_m-P_mdV$. It turns out that the standard and the generalized second laws (GSLs) of nondecreasing entropies are always respected by the event-horizon system as long as the expanding Universe is dominated by nonexotic matter $-1\\leq w_m\\leq 1$, while for the apparent-horizon simple open system the two second laws hold if $-1\\leq w_martificial local equilibrium assumption is abandoned in the GSL. All constraints regarding entropy evolution are expressed by the equation of state parameters, which show that from a thermodynamic perspective the phantom dark energy is less favored than the cosmological constant and the quintessence. Finally, the whole framework is extended from GR and $\\Lambda$CDM to modified gravities with field equations $R_{\\mu\
Similarity Matching Techniques for Fault Diagnosis in Automotive Infotainment Electronics
Kabir, Mashud
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Fault diagnosis has become a very important area of research during the last decade due to the advancement of mechanical and electrical systems in industries. The automobile is a crucial field where fault diagnosis is given a special attention. Due to the increasing complexity and newly added features in vehicles, a comprehensive study has to be performed in order to achieve an appropriate diagnosis model. A diagnosis system is capable of identifying the faults of a system by investigating the observable effects (or symptoms). The system categorizes the fault into a diagnosis class and identifies a probable cause based on the supplied fault symptoms. Fault categorization and identification are done using similarity matching techniques. The development of diagnosis classes is done by making use of previous experience, knowledge or information within an application area. The necessary information used may come from several sources of knowledge, such as from system analysis. In this paper similarity matching tec...
Self-similar solitary wave family in Bessel lattice
Cai Zebin [Department of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (430074) (China); Department of Basis, Air Force Radar Academy, Wuhan (430019) (China); Liang Jianchu [Department of Electric Science, College of Huizhou, Guangdong (510006) (China); Xia Xiongping; Jin Haiqin; Yi Lin [Department of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan (430074) (China); Jiang Yue [Department of Basis, Air Force Radar Academy, Wuhan (430019) (China)
2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
We focus on the formation and propagation of self-similar solitary wave family in Kerr nonlinear media with external Bessel lattice. A novel analytical solitary wave solution to (3+1)-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation with varying coefficients and an external potential is obtained. The components of solitary wave family are differentiated by three quantum parameters. The properties and the stability of the solitary wave family are discussed in detail.
Refined similarity hypotheses in shell models of turbulence
Emily S. C. Ching; H. Guo; T. S. Lo
2008-04-16T23:59:59.000Z
A major challenge in turbulence research is to understand from first principles the origin of anomalous scaling of the velocity fluctuations in high-Reynolds-number turbulent flows. One important idea was proposed by Kolmogorov [J. Fluid Mech. {\\bf 13}, 82 (1962)], which attributes the anomaly to the variations of the locally averaged energy dissipation rate. Kraichnan later pointed out [J. Fluid Mech. {\\bf 62}, 305 (1973)] that the locally averaged energy dissipation rate is not an inertial-range quantity and a proper inertial-range quantity would be the local energy transfer rate. As a result, Kraichnan's idea attributes the anomaly to the variations of the local energy transfer rate. These ideas, generally known as refined similarity hypotheses, can also be extended to study the anomalous scaling of fluctuations of an active scalar, like the temperature in turbulent convection. In this paper, we examine the validity of these refined similarity hypotheses and their extensions to an active scalar in shell models of turbulence. We find that Kraichnan's refined similarity hypothesis and its extension are valid.
On the Quantum Stability of the Time Machine
S. V. Krasnikov
1995-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
In a number of papers it has been claimed that the time machine are quantum unstable, which manifests itself in the divergence of the vacuum expectation value of the stress-energy tensor $\\langle{\\bf T}\\rangle$ near the Cauchy horizon. The expression for $\\langle{\\bf T}\\rangle$ was found in these papers on the basis of some specific approach \\cite{Fro,KimT}.\\par We show that this approach is untenable in that the above expression firstly is not derived from some more fundamental and undeniable premises, as it is claimed, but rather postulated and secondly contains undefined terms, so that one can neither use nor check it. As a counterexample we cite a few cases of (two-dimensional) spacetimes containing time machines with $\\langle{\\bf T}\\rangle$ bounded near the Cauchy horizon.
On the similarity of Information Energy to Dark Energy
M. P. Gough; T. D. Carozzi; A. M. Buckley
2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z
Information energy is shown here to have properties similar to those of dark energy. The energy associated with each information bit of the universe is found to be defined identically to the characteristic energy of a cosmological constant. Two independent methods are used to estimate the universe information content of ~10^91 bits, a value that provides an information energy total comparable to that of the dark energy. Information energy is also found to have a significantly negative equation of state parameter, w energy.
Sentence based semantic similarity measure for blog-posts
Aziz, Mehwish
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Blogs-Online digital diary like application on web 2.0 has opened new and easy way to voice opinion, thoughts, and like-dislike of every Internet user to the World. Blogosphere has no doubt the largest user-generated content repository full of knowledge. The potential of this knowledge is still to be explored. Knowledge discovery from this new genre is quite difficult and challenging as it is totally different from other popular genre of web-applications like World Wide Web (WWW). Blog-posts unlike web documents are small in size, thus lack in context and contain relaxed grammatical structures. Hence, standard text similarity measure fails to provide good results. In this paper, specialized requirements for comparing a pair of blog-posts is thoroughly investigated. Based on this we proposed a novel algorithm for sentence oriented semantic similarity measure of a pair of blog-posts. We applied this algorithm on a subset of political blogosphere of Pakistan, to cluster the blogs on different issues of political...
Clustering of quintessence on horizon scales and its imprint on HI intensity mapping
Duniya, Didam G.A.; Bertacca, Daniele; Maartens, Roy, E-mail: adamsgwazah@gmail.com, E-mail: daniele.bertacca@gmail.com, E-mail: roy.maartens@gmail.com [Physics Department, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 7535 (South Africa)
2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quintessence can cluster only on horizon scales. What is the effect on the observed matter distribution? To answer this, we need a relativistic approach that goes beyond the standard Newtonian calculation and deals properly with large scales. Such an approach has recently been developed for the case when dark energy is vacuum energy, which does not cluster at all. We extend this relativistic analysis to deal with dynamical dark energy. Using three quintessence potentials as examples, we compute the angular power spectrum for the case of an HI intensity map survey. Compared to the concordance model with the same small-scale power at z = 0, quintessence boosts the angular power by up to ? 15% at high redshifts, while power in the two models converges at low redshifts. The difference is mainly due to the background evolution, driven mostly by the normalization of the power spectrum today. The dark energy perturbations make only a small contribution on the largest scales, and a negligible contribution on smaller scales. Ironically, the dark energy perturbations remove the false boost of large-scale power that arises if we impose the (unphysical) assumption that the dark energy is smooth.
Detection of the Cosmic ?-Ray Horizon From Multiwavelength Observations of Blazars
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Dominguez, A.; Finke, J. D.; Prada, F.; Primack, J. R.; Kitaura, F. S.; Siana, B.; Paneque, D.
2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
The first statistically significant detection of the cosmic ?-ray horizon (CGRH) that is independent of any extragalactic background light (EBL) model is presented. The CGRH is a fundamental quantity in cosmology. It gives an estimate of the opacity of the Universe to very high energy (VHE) ?-ray photons due to photon-photon pair production with the EBL. The only estimations of the CGRH to date are predictions from EBL models and lower limits from ?-ray observations of cosmological blazars and ?-ray bursts. Here, we present homogeneous synchrotron/synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) models of the spectral energy distributions of 15 blazars based on (almost)more »simultaneous observations from radio up to the highest energy ?-rays taken with the Fermi satellite. These synchrotron/SSC models predict the unattenuated VHE fluxes, which are compared with the observations by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. This comparison provides an estimate of the optical depth of the EBL, which allows a derivation of the CGRH through a maximum likelihood analysis that is EBL-model independent. We find that the observed CGRH is compatible with the current knowledge of the EBL.« less
DETECTION OF THE COSMIC {gamma}-RAY HORIZON FROM MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF BLAZARS
Dominguez, A.; Siana, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Finke, J. D. [U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Space Science Division, Code 7653, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Prada, F. [Campus of International Excellence UAM-CSIC, Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Primack, J. R. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Kitaura, F. S. [Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Paneque, D., E-mail: albertod@ucr.edu [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, SLAC, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)
2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
The first statistically significant detection of the cosmic {gamma}-ray horizon (CGRH) that is independent of any extragalactic background light (EBL) model is presented. The CGRH is a fundamental quantity in cosmology. It gives an estimate of the opacity of the universe to very high energy (VHE) {gamma}-ray photons due to photon-photon pair production with the EBL. The only estimations of the CGRH to date are predictions from EBL models and lower limits from {gamma}-ray observations of cosmological blazars and {gamma}-ray bursts. Here, we present homogeneous synchrotron/synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) models of the spectral energy distributions of 15 blazars based on (almost) simultaneous observations from radio up to the highest energy {gamma}-rays taken with the Fermi satellite. These synchrotron/SSC models predict the unattenuated VHE fluxes, which are compared with the observations by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. This comparison provides an estimate of the optical depth of the EBL, which allows us a derivation of the CGRH through a maximum likelihood analysis that is EBL-model independent. We find that the observed CGRH is compatible with the current knowledge of the EBL.
Detection of the Cosmic ?-Ray Horizon From Multiwavelength Observations of Blazars
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Dominguez, A.; Finke, J. D.; Prada, F.; Primack, J. R.; Kitaura, F. S.; Siana, B.; Paneque, D.
2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
The first statistically significant detection of the cosmic ?-ray horizon (CGRH) that is independent of any extragalactic background light (EBL) model is presented. The CGRH is a fundamental quantity in cosmology. It gives an estimate of the opacity of the Universe to very high energy (VHE) ?-ray photons due to photon-photon pair production with the EBL. The only estimations of the CGRH to date are predictions from EBL models and lower limits from ?-ray observations of cosmological blazars and ?-ray bursts. Here, we present homogeneous synchrotron/synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) models of the spectral energy distributions of 15 blazars based on (almost) simultaneous observations from radio up to the highest energy ?-rays taken with the Fermi satellite. These synchrotron/SSC models predict the unattenuated VHE fluxes, which are compared with the observations by imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. This comparison provides an estimate of the optical depth of the EBL, which allows a derivation of the CGRH through a maximum likelihood analysis that is EBL-model independent. We find that the observed CGRH is compatible with the current knowledge of the EBL.
Vere-Jones' self-similar branching model
Saichev, A. [Mathematical Department, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Gagarin prosp. 23, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950 (Russian Federation); Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Sornette, D. [Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics and Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Laboratoire de Physique de la Matiere Condensee, CNRS UMR 6622 and Universitee de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 06108 Nice Cedex 2 (France)
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by its potential application to earthquake statistics as well as for its intrinsic interest in the theory of branching processes, we study the exactly self-similar branching process introduced recently by Vere-Jones. This model extends the ETAS class of conditional self-excited branching point-processes of triggered seismicity by removing the problematic need for a minimum (as well as maximum) earthquake size. To make the theory convergent without the need for the usual ultraviolet and infrared cutoffs, the distribution of magnitudes m{sup '} of daughters of first-generation of a mother of magnitude m has two branches m{sup '}
Circuit architecture explains functional similarity of bacterial heat shock responses
Inoue, Masayo; Trusina, Ala
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Heat shock response is a stress response to temperature changes and a consecutive increase in amounts of unfolded proteins. To restore homeostasis, cells upregulate chaperones facilitating protein folding by means of transcription factors (TF). We here investigate two heat shock systems: one characteristic to gram negative bacteria, mediated by transcriptional activator sigma32 in E. coli, and another characteristic to gram positive bacteria, mediated by transcriptional repressor HrcA in L. lactis. We construct simple mathematical model of the two systems focusing on the negative feedbacks, where free chaperons suppress sigma32 activation in the former, while they activate HrcA repression in the latter. We demonstrate that both systems, in spite of the difference at the TF regulation level, are capable of showing very similar heat shock dynamics. We find that differences in regulation impose distinct constrains on chaperone-TF binding affinities: the binding constant of free sigma32 to chaperon DnaK, known to...
Self-similar expansion of a warm dense plasma
Djebli, Mourad [USTHB, Faculty of Physics, Theoretical Physics Laboratory, B.P. 32 Bab-Ezzouar, 16079 Algiers (Algeria)] [USTHB, Faculty of Physics, Theoretical Physics Laboratory, B.P. 32 Bab-Ezzouar, 16079 Algiers (Algeria); Moslem, Waleed M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said (Egypt)] [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Port Said (Egypt)
2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
The properties of an expanding plasma composed of degenerate electron fluid and non-degenerate ions are studied. For our purposes, we use fluid equations for ions together with the electron momentum equation that include quantum forces (e.g., the quantum statistical pressure, forces due to the electron-exchange and electron correlations effects) and the quasi-neutrality condition. The governing equation is written in a tractable form by using a self-similar transformation. Numerical results for typical beryllium plasma parameters revealed that, during the expansion, the ion acoustic speed decreases for both isothermal and adiabatic ion pressure. When compared with classical hydrodynamic plasma expansion model, the electrons and ions are found to initially escape faster in vacuum creating thus an intense electric field that accelerates most of the particles into the vacuum ahead of the plasma expansion. The relevancy of the present model to beryllium plasma produced by a femto-second laser is highlighted.
Personalized Email Community Detection using Collaborative Similarity Measure
Nawaz, Waqas; Khan, Kifayat-Ullah; Lee, Young-Koo
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Email service providers have employed many email classification and prioritization systems over the last decade to improve their services. In order to assist email services, we propose a personalized email community detection method to discover the groupings of email users based on their structural and semantic intimacy. We extract the personalized social graph from a set of emails by uniquely leveraging each node with communication behavior. Subsequently, collaborative similarity measure (CSM) based intra-graph clustering approach detects personalized communities. The empirical analysis shows effectiveness of the resultant communities in terms of evaluation measures, i.e. density, entropy and f-measure. Moreover, email strainer, dynamic group prediction, and fraudulent account detection are suggested as the potential applications from both the service provider and user's point of view.
The effects of similarity breaking on the intracluster medium
E. J. Lloyd-Davies; R. G. Bower; T. J. Ponman
2002-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
We construct a family of simple analytical models of galaxy clusters at the present epoch and compare its predictions with observational data. We explore two processes that break the self-similarity of galaxy clusters: systematic variation in the dark matter halo concentration and energy injection into the intracluster gas, through their effects on the observed cluster properties. Three observed relations between cluster properties and temperature are employed to constrain the model; mass, slope of gas density profile (beta) and luminosity. The slope of the mass-temperature relation is found to be reproduced by our model when the observed variation in concentration is included, raising the slope from the self-similar prediction of 1.5, to that of the observed relation, ~ 2. Heating of the gas is observed to have little effect on the mass-temperature relation. The mean trend in the beta-temperature relation is reproduced by energy injection of 0.5-0.75 keV per particle, while concentration variation has only a small effect. Excess energies calculated for individual systems from the beta-temperature relation suggest that the lowest mass systems may have excess energies that are biased to lower values by selection effects. The observed properties of the luminosity-temperature relation are reproduced by the combined effects of excess energy and a trend in the dark matter concentration. At high masses the observed variation in dark matter concentration results a slope of ~ 2.7 compared to recent observations in the range 2.6-2.9, whilst the observed steepening in galaxy groups is predicted when heating of 0.5-0.75 keV per particle is included. Hence a combination of energy injection and dark matter concentration variation appears able to account for the mean trends in the observed relations.
V. Skalsky
2000-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
The present temperature of cosmic background radiation and the present number density of photons of cosmic background radiation in the observed expansive and isotropic relativistic Universe is in the standard model of universe explained by the assumption of emergence of the photons of cosmic background radiation on the horizon (of the most remote visibility). However, the physical analysis shows unambiguously that this assumption contradicts the special theory of relativity and the quantum mechanics.
Merkens, Karlina Paul
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2.4.1 Seasonal and Oil-spill related trends . . 2.4.2 Diel1.4 The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill . . . . 1.5 DataOil Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure
Haberl, J. S.; Athar, A.; Claridge, D. E.
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report summarizes the work performed for TESCOR Energy Services through Energy Systems Associates and New Horizons Technology. This work includes the monitoring and analysis of data from the data logger that was installed in the Toronto Library...
Haberl, J. S.; Athar, A.; Claridge, D. E.
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report summarizes the work performed for TESCOR Energy Services through Energy Systems Associates and New Horizons Technology. This work includes the monitoring and analysis of data from the data logger that was installed in the Toronto Library...
Kagan, Grigory; Rinderknecht, H G; Rosenberg, M J; Zylstra, A B; Huang, C -K
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The distribution function of suprathermal ions is found to be self-similar under conditions relevant to inertial confinement fusion hot-spots. By utilizing this feature, interference between the hydro-instabilities and kinetic effects is for the first time assessed quantitatively to find that the instabilities substantially aggravate the fusion reactivity reduction. The ion tail depletion is also shown to lower the experimentally inferred ion temperature, a novel kinetic effect that may explain the discrepancy between the exploding pusher experiments and rad-hydro simulations and contribute to the observation that temperature inferred from DD reaction products is lower than from DT at National Ignition Facility.
Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser
Renninger, William H.; Chong, Andy; Wise, Frank W. [Department of Applied Physics, Cornell University, 212 Clark Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)
2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Parabolic amplifier similaritons are observed inside a normal-dispersion laser. The self-similar pulse is a local nonlinear attractor in the gain segment of the oscillator. The evolution in the laser exhibits large (20 times) spectral breathing, and the pulse chirp is less than the group-velocity dispersion of the cavity. All of these features are consistent with numerical simulations. The amplifier similariton evolution also yields practical features such as parabolic output pulses with high energies, and the shortest pulses to date from a normal-dispersion laser.
3D simulations of wet foam coarsening evidence a self similar growth regime
Gilberto L. Thomas; Julio M. Belmonte; François Graner; James A. Glazier; Rita M. C. de Almeida
2015-02-11T23:59:59.000Z
In wet liquid foams, slow diffusion of gas through bubble walls changes bubble pressure, volume and wall curvature. Large bubbles grow at the expenses of smaller ones. The smaller the bubble, the faster it shrinks. As the number of bubbles in a given volume decreases in time, the average bubble size increases: i.e. the foam coarsens. During coarsening, bubbles also move relative to each other, changing bubble topology and shape, while liquid moves within the regions separating the bubbles. Analyzing the combined effects of these mechanisms requires examining a volume with enough bubbles to provide appropriate statistics throughout coarsening. Using a Cellular Potts model, we simulate these mechanisms during the evolution of three-dimensional foams with wetnesses of $\\phi=0.00$, $0.05$ and $ 0.20$. We represent the liquid phase as an ensemble of many small fluid particles, which allows us to monitor liquid flow in the region between bubbles. The simulations begin with $2 \\times 10^5$ bubbles for $\\phi = 0.00$ and $1.25 \\times 10^5$ bubbles for $\\phi = 0.05$ and $0.20$, allowing us to track the distribution functions for bubble size, topology and growth rate over two and a half decades of volume change. All simulations eventually reach a self-similar growth regime, with the distribution functions time independent and the number of bubbles decreasing with time as a power law whose exponent depends on the wetness.
A classification of spherically symmetric self-similar dust models
B. J. Carr
2000-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
We classify all spherically symmetric dust solutions of Einstein's equations which are self-similar in the sense that all dimensionless variables depend only upon $z\\equiv r/t$. We show that the equations can be reduced to a special case of the general perfect fluid models with equation of state $p=\\alpha \\mu$. The most general dust solution can be written down explicitly and is described by two parameters. The first one (E) corresponds to the asymptotic energy at large $|z|$, while the second one (D) specifies the value of z at the singularity which characterizes such models. The E=D=0 solution is just the flat Friedmann model. The 1-parameter family of solutions with z>0 and D=0 are inhomogeneous cosmological models which expand from a Big Bang singularity at t=0 and are asymptotically Friedmann at large z; models with E>0 are everywhere underdense relative to Friedmann and expand forever, while those with E0 ones. The 2-parameter solutions with D>0 again represent inhomogeneous cosmological models but the Big Bang singularity is at $z=-1/D$, the Big Crunch singularity is at $z=+1/D$, and any particular solution necessarily spans both z0. While there is no static model in the dust case, all these solutions are asymptotically ``quasi-static'' at large $|z|$. As in the D=0 case, the ones with $E \\ge 0$ expand or contract monotonically but the latter may now contain a naked singularity. The ones with E<0 expand from or recollapse to a second singularity, the latter containing a black hole.
On the effect of INQUERY term-weighting scheme on query-sensitive similarity measures
Kini, Ananth Ullal
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
Cluster-based information retrieval systems often use a similarity measure to compute the association among text documents. In this thesis, we focus on a class of similarity measures named Query-Sensitive Similarity (QSS) measures. Recent studies...
Todorov, Alex
When physical similarity matters: Mechanisms underlying affective learning generalization instructions to disregard physical similarity Learning generalization is a powerful and relatively automatic). The findings of the experiments suggest that learning generalization based on facial physical similarity
Integrated method for chaotic time series analysis
Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN); Ng, Esmond G. (Concord, TN)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Methods and apparatus for automatically detecting differences between similar but different states in a nonlinear process monitor nonlinear data. Steps include: acquiring the data; digitizing the data; obtaining nonlinear measures of the data via chaotic time series analysis; obtaining time serial trends in the nonlinear measures; and determining by comparison whether differences between similar but different states are indicated.
Integrated method for chaotic time series analysis
Hively, L.M.; Ng, E.G.
1998-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
Methods and apparatus for automatically detecting differences between similar but different states in a nonlinear process monitor nonlinear data are disclosed. Steps include: acquiring the data; digitizing the data; obtaining nonlinear measures of the data via chaotic time series analysis; obtaining time serial trends in the nonlinear measures; and determining by comparison whether differences between similar but different states are indicated. 8 figs.
Qiu, Dan; Gao, Muqiang; Li, Genyi; Quiros, Carlos
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
AND GENOMICS Comparative sequence analysis for Brassicaoleracea with similar sequences in B. rapa and Arabidopsisanalyzed them with similar sequences in A. thaliana and B.
Space-time inhomogeneity, anisotropy and gravitational collapse
R. Sharma; R. Tikekar
2012-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the evolution of non-adiabatic collapse of a shear-free spherically symmetric stellar configuration with anisotropic stresses accompanied with radial heat flux. The collapse begins from a curvature singularity with infinite mass and size on an inhomogeneous space-time background. The collapse is found to proceed without formation of an even horizon to singularity when the collapsing configuration radiates all its mass energy. The impact of inhomogeneity on various parameters of the collapsing stellar configuration is examined in some specific space-time backgrounds.
Nairwita Mazumder; Subenoy Chakraborty
2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we investigate the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics of the universe bounded by the event horizon. Here we consider homogeneous and isotropic model of the universe filled with perfect fluid in one case and in another case holographic model of the universe has been considered. In the third case the matter in the universe is taken in the form of non-interacting two fluid system as holographic dark energy and dust. Here we study the above cases in the Modified gravity, f(R) gravity.
TransPlanckian Particles and the Quantization of Time
G. 't Hooft
1998-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
Trans-Planckian particles are elementary particles accelerated such that their energies surpass the Planck value. There are several reasons to believe that trans-Planckian particles do not represent independent degrees of freedom in Hilbert space, but they are controlled by the cis-Planckian particles. A way to learn more about the mechanisms at work here, is to study black hole horizons, starting from the scattering matrix Ansatz. By compactifying one of the three physical spacial dimensions, the scattering matrix Ansatz can be exploited more efficiently than before. The algebra of operators on a black hole horizon allows for a few distinct representations. It is found that this horizon can be seen as being built up from string bits with unit lengths, each of which being described by a representation of the SO(2,1) Lorentz group. We then demonstrate how the holographic principle works for this case, by constructing the operators corresponding to a field in space-time. The parameter t turns out to be quantized in Planckian units, divided by the period R of the compactified dimension.
Burra G. Sidharth
2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
We briefly review two concepts of time - the usual time associated with "being" and more recent ideas, answering to the description of "becoming". The approximation involved in the former is examined. Finally we argue that it is (unpredictable) fluctuations that underlie time.
J. H. McGuire; L. Kaplan; Kh. Kh. Shakov; A. Chalastaras; A. M. Smith; A. Godunov; H. Schmidt-Böcking; D. Uskov
2005-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
Time ordering may be defined by first defining the limit of no time ordering (NTO) in terms of a time average of an external interaction, V(t). Previously, time correlation was defined in terms of a similar limit called the independent time approximation (ITA). Experimental evidence for time correlation has not yet been distinguished from experimental evidence for time ordering.
Top-k Set Similarity Joins Chuan Xiao Wei Wang Xuemin Lin Haichuan Shang
Lin, Xuemin
Top-k Set Similarity Joins Chuan Xiao Wei Wang Xuemin Lin Haichuan Shang The University of New threshold. In this paper, we study a variant of the similarity join, termed top-k set similarity join. It returns the top-k pairs of records ranked by their similarities, thus eliminating the guess work users
John Ashmead
2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
Normally we quantize along the space dimensions but treat time classically. But from relativity we expect a high level of symmetry between time and space. What happens if we quantize time using the same rules we use to quantize space? To do this, we generalize the paths in the Feynman path integral to include paths that vary in time as well as in space. We use Morlet wavelet decomposition to ensure convergence and normalization of the path integrals. We derive the Schr\\"odinger equation in four dimensions from the short time limit of the path integral expression. We verify that we recover standard quantum theory in the non-relativistic, semi-classical, and long time limits. Quantum time is an experiment factory: most foundational experiments in quantum mechanics can be modified in a way that makes them tests of quantum time. We look at single and double slits in time, scattering by time-varying electric and magnetic fields, and the Aharonov-Bohm effect in time.
Claudio Coriano; Luigi Delle Rose; Matteo Maria Maglio; Mirko Serino
2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the semiclassical approach to the lensing of photons in a spherically symmetric gravitational background, starting from Born level and include in our analysis the radiative corrections obtained from the electroweak theory for the graviton/photon/photon vertex. In this approach, the cross section is related to the angular variation of the impact parameter ($b$), which is then solved for $b$ as a function of the angle of deflection, and measured in horizon units ($b_h\\equiv b/(2 G M)$). Exact numerical solutions for the angular deflection are presented. The numerical analysis shows that perturbation theory in a weak background agrees with the classical Einstein formula for the deflection already at distances of the order of $20$ horizon units ($\\sim 20\\, b_h$) and it is optimal in the description both of very strong and weak lensings. We show that the electroweak corrections to the cross section are sizeable, becoming very significant for high energy gamma rays. Our analysis covers in energy most of the photon spectrum, from the cosmic microwave background up to very high energy gamma rays, and scatterings with any value of the photon impact parameter. We also study the helicity-flip photon amplitude, which is of $O(\\alpha^2)$ in the weak coupling $\\alpha$, and its massless fermion limit, which involves the exchange of a conformal anomaly pole. The corresponding cross section is proportional to the Born level result and brings to a simple renormalization of Einsten's formula.
The Similarity of Global Value Chains: A Network-Based Measure
Zhu, Zhen; Puliga, Michelangelo; Chessa, Alessandro; Riccaboni, Massimo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
International trade has been increasingly organized in the form of global value chains (GVCs) where different stages of production are located in different countries. This recent phenomenon has substantial consequences for both trade policy design at the national or regional level and business decision making at the firm level. In this paper, we provide a new method for comparing GVCs across countries and over time. First, we use the World Input-Output Database (WIOD) to construct both the upstream and downstream global value networks, where the nodes are individual sectors in different countries and the links are the value-added contribution relationships. Second, we introduce a network-based measure of node similarity to compare the GVCs between any pair of countries for each sector and each year available in the WIOD. Our network-based similarity is a better measure for node comparison than the existing ones because it takes into account all the direct and indirect relationships between country-sector pair...
Qiang Zhao; Jian Min Dong; Jun Ling Song; Wen Hui Long
2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z
Half-life of proton radioactivity of spherical proton emitters is studied within the scheme of covariant density functional (CDF) theory, and for the first time the potential barrier that prevents the emitted proton is extracted with the similarity renormalization group (SRG) method, in which the spin-orbit potential along with the others that turn out to be non-negligible can be derived automatically. The spectroscopic factor that is significant is also extracted from the CDF calculations. The estimated half-lives are found in good agreement with the experimental values, which not only confirms the validity of the CDF theory in describing the proton-rich nuclei, but also indicates the prediction power of present approach to calculate the half-lives and in turn to extract the structural information of proton emitters.
G. 't Hooft
2005-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
Interactions between outgoing Hawking particles and ingoing matter are determined by gravitational forces and Standard Model interactions. In particular the gravitational interactions are responsible for the unitarity of the scattering against the horizon, as dictated by the holographic principle, but the Standard Model interactions also contribute, and understanding their effects is an important first step towards a complete understanding of the horizon's dynamics. The relation between in- and outgoing states is described in terms of an operator algebra. In this paper, the first of a series, we describe the algebra induced on the horizon by U(1) vector fields and scalar fields, including the case of an Englert-Brout-Higgs mechanism, and a more careful consideration of the transverse vector field components.
Forecasting of preprocessed daily solar radiation time series using neural networks
Paoli, Christophe; Muselli, Marc; Nivet, Marie-Laure [University of Corsica, CNRS UMR SPE, Corte (France); Voyant, Cyril [University of Corsica, CNRS UMR SPE, Corte (France); Hospital of Castelluccio, Radiotherapy Unit, Ajaccio (France)
2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we present an application of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) in the renewable energy domain. We particularly look at the Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) network which has been the most used of ANNs architectures both in the renewable energy domain and in the time series forecasting. We have used a MLP and an ad hoc time series pre-processing to develop a methodology for the daily prediction of global solar radiation on a horizontal surface. First results are promising with nRMSE {proportional_to} 21% and RMSE {proportional_to} 3.59 MJ/m{sup 2}. The optimized MLP presents predictions similar to or even better than conventional and reference methods such as ARIMA techniques, Bayesian inference, Markov chains and k-Nearest-Neighbors. Moreover we found that the data pre-processing approach proposed can reduce significantly forecasting errors of about 6% compared to conventional prediction methods such as Markov chains or Bayesian inference. The simulator proposed has been obtained using 19 years of available data from the meteorological station of Ajaccio (Corsica Island, France, 41 55'N, 8 44'E, 4 m above mean sea level). The predicted whole methodology has been validated on a 1.175 kWc mono-Si PV power grid. Six prediction methods (ANN, clear sky model, combination..) allow to predict the best daily DC PV power production at horizon d + 1. The cumulated DC PV energy on a 6-months period shows a great agreement between simulated and measured data (R{sup 2} > 0.99 and nRMSE < 2%). (author)
Lee, Leslie
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Winter 2011 tx H2O 3 or just a drop in thebucket?Texas scientists on the real e#31;ects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 4 tx H2O Winter 2011 Environmental Disaster Continued What if gasoline pumped into cars, seafood eaten at restaurants... but forgo#27;en as the wreckage of the Deepwater Horizon MC#31;#30;#31; drilling platform sank into its waters. A crude awakening Like any large oil spill, this one took its toll in many ways. Eleven BP employees on the rig died in the explosion...
Lee, Leslie
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Winter 2011 tx H2O 3 or just a drop in thebucket?Texas scientists on the real e#31;ects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 4 tx H2O Winter 2011 Environmental Disaster Continued What if gasoline pumped into cars, seafood eaten at restaurants... but forgo#27;en as the wreckage of the Deepwater Horizon MC#31;#30;#31; drilling platform sank into its waters. A crude awakening Like any large oil spill, this one took its toll in many ways. Eleven BP employees on the rig died in the explosion...
Lee, Leslie
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for Ixtoc. #22;ere was very li#27;le learned from Ixtoc that was ready to apply to Deepwater Horizon.? #22;e area mostly recovered from the Ixtoc spill in two to four years, but #16;#24; years later, researchers are still #28;nding inert Ixtoc oil...Winter 2011 tx H2O 3 or just a drop in thebucket?Texas scientists on the real e#31;ects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 4 tx H2O Winter 2011 Environmental Disaster Continued What if gasoline pumped into cars, seafood eaten at restaurants...
Lee, Leslie
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for Ixtoc. #22;ere was very li#27;le learned from Ixtoc that was ready to apply to Deepwater Horizon.? #22;e area mostly recovered from the Ixtoc spill in two to four years, but #16;#24; years later, researchers are still #28;nding inert Ixtoc oil...Winter 2011 tx H2O 3 or just a drop in thebucket?Texas scientists on the real e#31;ects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill 4 tx H2O Winter 2011 Environmental Disaster Continued What if gasoline pumped into cars, seafood eaten at restaurants...
Comprehensive energy transport scalings derived from DIII-D similarity experiments
Petty, C.C.; Luce, T.C. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Baity, F.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others
1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The dependences of heat transport on the dimensionless plasma physics parameters has been measured for both L-mode and H-mode plasmas on the DIII-D tokamak. Heat transport in L-mode plasmas has a gyroradius scaling that is gyro-Bohm-like for electrons and worse than Bohm-like for ions, with no measurable beta or collisionality dependence; this corresponds to having an energy confinement time that scales like {tau}{sub E} {proportional_to} n{sup 0.5}P{sup {minus}0.5}. H-mode plasmas have gyro-Bohm-like scaling of heat transport for both electrons and ions, weak beta scaling, and moderate collisionality scaling. In addition, H-mode plasmas have a strong safety factor scaling ({chi} {approximately} q{sup 2}) at all radii. Combining these four dimensionless parameter scalings together gives an energy confinement time scaling for H-mode plasmas like {tau}{sub E} {proportional_to} B{sup {minus}1}{rho}{sup {minus}3.15}{beta}{sup 0.03}v{sup {minus}0.42}q{sub 95}{sup {minus}1.43} {proportional_to} I{sup 0.84}B{sup 0.39}n{sup 0.18}P{sup {minus}0.41}L{sup 2.0}, which is similar to empirical scalings derived from global confinement databases.
Garcia, Maria Fernanda
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this dissertation I will present and test a model linking actual applicant-interviewer demographic, human capital, and cultural capital similarity to an interviewer??s recommendation to hire. Actual similarity is ...
Unknown
2011-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
-1 THE PREDICTION OF BUS ARRIVAL TIME USING AUTOMATIC VEHICLE LOCATION SYSTEMS DATA A Dissertation by RAN HEE JEONG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Civil Engineering THE PREDICTION OF BUS ARRIVAL TIME USING AUTOMATIC VEHICLE LOCATION SYSTEMS DATA A Dissertation by RAN HEE JEONG Submitted to Texas A...
Buckel, Jeffrey A.
Colony Fusion in Argentine Ants is Guided by Worker and Queen Cuticular Hydrocarbon Profile of unrelated L. humile colonies that share similar CHC profiles. In this study, we paired six southeastern U profile similarity between colonies was associated with colony fusion and intercolony genetic similarity
Nagarajaiah, Satish
DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/11/us/11spill.html?hp New Estimates Double Rate of Oil Flowing on Thursday essentially doubled its estimate of how much oil has been spewing from the out-of-control BP well
Weston, Ken
Of the estimated 5 million barrels of crude oil released into the Gulf of Mexico from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, a fraction washed ashore onto sandy beaches from Louisiana to the Florida panhandle. Researchers at the MagLab compare the detailed molecular analysis of hydrocarbons in oiled sands from
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
properties of the individual components (as wind or solar energy equipment, on-site storage etc.), which may, as well as distributed energy-storage systems (Chen, duan, Cai, Liu, & Hu 2011), (Katiraei & Iravani 20062919 Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis: Beyond the Horizon Steenbergen et al. (Eds) © 2014
Delivery Cost Approximations for Inventory Routing Problems in a Rolling Horizon Framework
Jaillet, Patrick
Paris cedex 07, France. Supported in part by ONR, Discrete Mathematics Division, grant N00014 is concerned with the repeated distribution of a commodity, such as heating oil, over a long period of time inventory of the commodity. Their consumption varies daily and cannot be predicted deterministically
OFFICE OF RESPONSE AND RESTORATION ! EMERGENCY RESPONSE DIVISION Deepwater Horizon Oil
over time as it weathers and degrades its chemical makeup its hazards to humans and the environment up of single-bonded carbon chains that microorganisms can readily use as a food source, MS252 oil generally because it is relatively much lower in polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). PAHs are highly toxic
Rathbun, Julie A.
Lunar Science Problems ..........................1 Outlook for Lunar Sample Studies ...........................................30 4 OUTLOOK FOR CURATORIALOPERATIONS ...................31 #12;#12;INTRODUCTION The Moon knowledge about the solar system. Further, the treasures returned through the Apolloprogram provide
An examination of content similarity within the memory of HPC applications.
Levy, Scott N. [University of New Mexico; Bridges, Patrick G. [University of New Mexico; Ferreira, Kurt Brian; Thompson, Aidan Patrick; Trott, Christian Robert
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Memory content similarity has been e ectively exploited for more than a decade to reduce memory consumption. By consolidating duplicate and similar pages in the address space of an application, we can reduce the amount of memory it consumes without negatively a ecting the application's perception of the memory resources available to it. In addition to memory de-duplication, there may be many other ways that we can exploit memory content similarity to improve system characteristics. In this paper, we examine the memory content similarity of several HPC applications. By characterizing the memory contents of these applications, we hope to provide a basis for ef- forts to e ectively exploit memory content similarity to improve system performance beyond memory deduplication. We show that several applications exhibit signi cant similarity and consider the source of the similarity.
Kemner, Ken
The wind power probability density forecast problem can be formulated as: forecast the wind power ahead) knowing a set of explanatory variables (e.g. numerical weather predictions (NWPs), wind power measured values). Translating this sentence to an equation, we have: where pt+k is the wind power
Massively Multi-core Acceleration of a Document-Similarity Classifier to Detect Web Attacks
Ulmer, C; Gokhale, M; Top, P; Gallagher, B; Eliassi-Rad, T
2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes our approach to adapting a text document similarity classifier based on the Term Frequency Inverse Document Frequency (TFIDF) metric to two massively multi-core hardware platforms. The TFIDF classifier is used to detect web attacks in HTTP data. In our parallel hardware approaches, we design streaming, real time classifiers by simplifying the sequential algorithm and manipulating the classifier's model to allow decision information to be represented compactly. Parallel implementations on the Tilera 64-core System on Chip and the Xilinx Virtex 5-LX FPGA are presented. For the Tilera, we employ a reduced state machine to recognize dictionary terms without requiring explicit tokenization, and achieve throughput of 37MB/s at slightly reduced accuracy. For the FPGA, we have developed a set of software tools to help automate the process of converting training data to synthesizable hardware and to provide a means of trading off between accuracy and resource utilization. The Xilinx Virtex 5-LX implementation requires 0.2% of the memory used by the original algorithm. At 166MB/s (80X the software) the hardware implementation is able to achieve Gigabit network throughput at the same accuracy as the original algorithm.
Similarity and generalized analysis of efficiencies of thermal energy storage systems
Peiwen Li; Jon Van Lew; Cholik Chan; Wafaa Karaki; Jake Stephens; J. E. O'Brien
2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper examined the features of three typical thermal storage systems including: (1) direct storage of heat transfer fluid in containers, (2) storage of thermal energy in a packed bed of solid filler material, with energy being carried in/out by a flowing heat transfer fluid which directly contacts the packed bed, and (3) a system in which heat transfer fluid flows through tubes that are imbedded into a thermal storage material which may be solid, liquid, or a mixture of the two. The similarity of the three types of thermal storage systems was discussed, and generalized energy storage governing equations were introduced in both dimensional and dimensionless forms. The temperatures of the heat transfer fluid during energy charge and discharge processes and the overall energy storage efficiencies were studied through solution of the energy storage governing equations. Finally, provided in the paper are a series of generalized charts bearing curves for energy storage effectiveness against four dimensionless parameters grouped up from many of the thermal storage system properties including dimensions, fluid and thermal storage material properties, as well as the operational conditions including mass flow rate of the fluid, and the ratio of energy charge and discharge time periods. Engineers can conveniently look up the charts to design and calibrate the size of thermal storage tanks and operational conditions without doing complicated individual modeling and computations. It is expected that the charts will serve as standard tools for thermal storage system design and calibration.
TIMELY DELIVERY OF LASER INERTIAL FUSION ENERGY (LIFE)
Dunne, A M
2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
The National Ignition Facility (NIF), the world's largest and most energetic laser system, is now operational at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. A key goal of the NIF is to demonstrate fusion ignition for the first time in the laboratory. Its flexibility allows multiple target designs (both indirect and direct drive) to be fielded, offering substantial scope for optimization of a robust target design. In this paper we discuss an approach to generating gigawatt levels of electrical power from a laser-driven source of fusion neutrons based on these demonstration experiments. This 'LIFE' concept enables rapid time-to-market for a commercial power plant, assuming success with ignition and a technology demonstration program that links directly to a facility design and construction project. The LIFE design makes use of recent advances in diode-pumped, solid-state laser technology. It adopts the paradigm of Line Replaceable Units utilized on the NIF to provide high levels of availability and maintainability and mitigate the need for advanced materials development. A demonstration LIFE plant based on these design principles is described, along with the areas of technology development required prior to plant construction. A goal-oriented, evidence-based approach has been proposed to allow LIFE power plant rollout on a time scale that meets policy imperatives and is consistent with utility planning horizons. The system-level delivery builds from our prior national investment over many decades and makes full use of the distributed capability in laser technology, the ubiquity of semiconductor diodes, high volume manufacturing markets, and U.S. capability in fusion science and nuclear engineering. The LIFE approach is based on the ignition evidence emerging from NIF and adopts a line-replaceable unit approach to ensure high plant availability and to allow evolution from available technologies and materials. Utilization of a proven physics platform for the ignition scheme is an essential component of an acceptably low-risk solution. The degree of coupling seen on NIF between driver and target performance mandates that little deviation be adopted from the NIF geometry and beamline characteristics. Similarly, the strong coupling between subsystems in an operational power plant mandates that a self-consistent solution be established via an integrated facility delivery project. The benefits of separability of the subsystems within an IFE plant (driver, chamber, targets, etc.) emerge in the operational phase of a power plant rather than in its developmental phase. An optimized roadmap for IFE delivery needs to account for this to avoid nugatory effort and inconsistent solutions. For LIFE, a system design has been established that could lead to an operating power plant by the mid-2020s, drawing from an integrated subsystem development program to demonstrate the required technology readiness on a time scale compatible with the construction plan. Much technical development work still remains, as does alignment of key stakeholder groups to this newly emerging development option. If the required timeline is to be met, then preparation of a viable program is required alongside the demonstration of ignition on NIF. This will enable timely analysis of the technical and economic case and establishment of the appropriate delivery partnership.
Davis, Trisha N.
Biochemistry 1993, 32, 3261-3270 3261 Similarities and Differences between Yeast and Vertebrate of Biochemistry, Universityof Washington,Seattle, Washington 98195 Received July 28, 1992;Revised Manuscript
Long distance symmetries for nuclear forces and the similarity renormalization group
Szpigel, S. [Faculdade de Computacao e Informatica, Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, 01302-907, Sao Paulo - SP (Brazil); Timoteo, V. S. [Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13484-332, Limeira - SP (Brazil); Arriola, E. R. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear and Instituto Carlos I de Fisica Teorica y Computacional, Universidad de Granada, E-18071, Granada (Spain)
2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we study the emergence of long distance symmetries for nuclear forces within the framework of the similarity renormalization group approach.
Gravitational collapse and non-self similarity in the L-T relation
A. Del Popolo
2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z
We derive the luminosity-temperature relation for clusters of galaxies by means of a modification of the self-similar model to take account of angular momentum acquisition by protostructures and of an external pressure term in the virial theorem. The fundamental result of the model is that gravitational collapse, which takes account of angular momentum acquisition, can explain the non self-similarity in the L-T relation, in disagreement with the largely accepted assumption that heating/cooling processes and similar are fundamental in the originating the non-self similar behavior (shaping) of the L-T relation.
Quantum field theory in spaces with closed time-like curves
Boulware, D.G.
1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Gott spacetime has closed timelike curves, but no locally anomalous stress-energy. A complete orthonormal set of eigenfunctions of the wave operator is found in the special case of a spacetime in which the total deficit angle is 27{pi}. A scalar quantum field theory is constructed using these eigenfunctions. The resultant interacting quantum field theory is not unitary because the field operators can create real, on-shell, particles in the acausal region. These particles propagate for finite proper time accumulating an arbitrary phase before being annihilated at the same spacetime point as that at which they were created. As a result, the effective potential within the acausal region is complex, and probability is not conserved. The stress tensor of the scalar field is evaluated in the neighborhood of the Cauchy horizon; in the case of a sufficiently small Compton wavelength of the field, the stress tensor is regular and cannot prevent the formation of the Cauchy horizon.
Quantum field theory in spaces with closed time-like curves. [Gott space
Boulware, D.G.
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Gott spacetime has closed timelike curves, but no locally anomalous stress-energy. A complete orthonormal set of eigenfunctions of the wave operator is found in the special case of a spacetime in which the total deficit angle is 27[pi]. A scalar quantum field theory is constructed using these eigenfunctions. The resultant interacting quantum field theory is not unitary because the field operators can create real, on-shell, particles in the acausal region. These particles propagate for finite proper time accumulating an arbitrary phase before being annihilated at the same spacetime point as that at which they were created. As a result, the effective potential within the acausal region is complex, and probability is not conserved. The stress tensor of the scalar field is evaluated in the neighborhood of the Cauchy horizon; in the case of a sufficiently small Compton wavelength of the field, the stress tensor is regular and cannot prevent the formation of the Cauchy horizon.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNE LArTPC Sarah Lockwitz, FNAL 2013 DPFTheses 2014No.7 D I STime Off Time Off A
The Arrow of Time Forbids a Positive Cosmological Constant $?$
Laura Mersini-Houghton
2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by the mounting evidence for dark energy, here we explore the consequences of a fundamental cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ for our universe. We show that when the gravitational entropy of a pure DeSitter state ultimately wins over matter, then the thermodynamic arrow of time in our universe must reverse in scales of order a Hubble time. We find that due to the dynamics of gravity and nonlocal entanglement, a finite size system such as a DeSitter patch with horizon size $H_0^{-1}$ has a finite lifetime $\\Delta t$. This phenomenon arises from the dynamic gravitational instabilities that develop during a DeSitter epoch and turn catastrophic. A reversed arrow of time is clearly in disagreement with observations. Thus we are led to conclude: Nature forbids a fundamental $\\Lambda$. Or else general relativity must be modified in the IR regime when $\\Lambda$ dominates the expansion of the Universe.
Time symmetry in wave function collapse models
Daniel Bedingham
2015-02-25T23:59:59.000Z
A framework for wave function collapse models that is symmetric under time reversal is presented. Within this framework there are equivalent pictures of collapsing wave functions evolving in both time directions. The backwards-in-time Born rule can be broken by an initial condition on the Universe resulting in asymmetric behaviour. Similarly the forwards-in-time Born rule can in principle be broken by a final condition on the Universe.
Banks, T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
I explain, in non-technical terms, the basic ideas of Holographic Space-time (HST) models of quantum gravity (QG). The key feature is that the degrees of freedom (DOF) of QG, localized in a finite causal diamond are restrictions of an algebra of asymptotic currents, describing flows of quantum numbers out to null infinity in Minkowski space, with zero energy density on the sphere at infinity. Finite energy density states are constrained states of these DOF and the resulting relation between asymptotic energy and the number of constraints, explains the relation between black hole entropy and energy, as well as the critical energy/impact parameter regime in which particle scattering leads to black hole formation. The results of a general class of models, implementing these principles, are described, and applied to understand the firewall paradox, and to construct a finite model of the early universe, which implements inflation with only the minimal fine tuning needed to obtain a universe containing localized ex...
Similarities of multiple fracturing on a neutron star and on the Earth
Kossobokov, Vladimir G. [International Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 79-2 Warshavskoe Shosse, Moscow, Russia (Russian Federation)] [International Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 79-2 Warshavskoe Shosse, Moscow, Russia (Russian Federation); Keilis-Borok, Vladimir I. [International Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 79-2 Warshavskoe Shosse, Moscow, Russia (Russian Federation)] [International Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 79-2 Warshavskoe Shosse, Moscow, Russia (Russian Federation); Cheng, Baolian [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)
2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper the similarities of multiple fracturing on a neutron star and on the Earth are explored, including power-law energy distributions, clustering, and the symptoms of transition to a major rupture. These similarities may reflect a scenario of a critical transition, common for a broader class of nonlinear systems. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.
Exploiting Media Stream Similarity for Energy-Efficient Decoding and Resource Prediction
Eeckhout, Lieven
2 Exploiting Media Stream Similarity for Energy-Efficient Decoding and Resource Prediction JUAN evaluation, done using the H.264 AVC decoder and 12 reference video streams, shows an average energy, Video stream similarity, Scenario-based design, Energy- efficiency, Resource prediction ACM Reference
PageSim: A Novel Link-based Similarity Measure for the World Wide Web
King, Kuo Chin Irwin
PageSim: A Novel Link-based Similarity Measure for the World Wide Web Zhenjiang Lin, Irwin King the similarity between web pages arises in many applications on the Web, such as web searching engine and web document classification. According to the unique characteristics of the Web, which are huge, rapidly
ccsd00000995 The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative
ccsdÂ00000995 (version 1) : 5 Jan 2004 The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative of the self-similar fragmentation. A genealogy is naturally associated to such fragmentation processes, one guesses that there should be a natural way to de#12;ne a genealogy tree, rooted at the initial
Self-similarity properties of nafionized and filtered water and deformed coherent states
A. Capolupo; E. Del Giudice; V. Elia; R. Germano; E. Napoli; M. Niccoli; A. Tedeschi; G. Vitiello
2013-12-26T23:59:59.000Z
By resorting to measurements of physically characterizing observables of water samples perturbed by the presence of Nafion and by iterative filtration processes, we discuss their scale free, self-similar fractal properties. By use of algebraic methods the isomorphism is proved between such self-similarity features and the deformed coherent state formalism.
K. Karami; A. Abdolmaleki
2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the validity of the generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics in a non-flat FRW universe containing the interacting new agegraphic dark energy with cold dark matter. The boundary of the universe is assumed to be enclosed by the dynamical apparent horizon. We show that for this model, the equation of state parameter can cross the phantom divide. We also present that for the selected model under thermal equilibrium with the Hawking radiation, the generalized second law is always satisfied throughout the history of the universe. Whereas, the evolution of the entropy of the universe and apparent horizon, separately, depends on the equation of state parameter of the interacting new agegraphic dark energy model.
Nicoli, Monica
Abstract 3-D seismic surveys generate 5-D data volume. In order to estimate the horizons for interpretation and further processing, the traveltime picking needs to be performed on n-D subsets of this 5-D to support the interpreters in the estimation of the events by preserving their depth continuity. The HP
Dispatch R427 Time perception: Brain time or event time?
Johnston, Alan
Dispatch R427 Time perception: Brain time or event time? Alan Johnston* and Shin'ya Nishida Recent experiments show that synchronous events can appear to an observer to occur at different times. Neural processing time delays are offered as an explanation of these temporal illusions, but equating perceived time
If you are a History Major with an overall GPA of at least 3.2, a similar GPA in your history
Fernandez, Eduardo
If you are a History Major with an overall GPA of at least 3.2, a similar GPA in your history into the honors track in history. The new honors track offers special challenges and exciting possibilities in History" will be placed on your transcript at the time of graduation. If you do not meet the GPA criteria
Time Management Managing Time and Tasks
Kunkle, Tom
Time Management Managing Time and Tasks What is time management? Time can't be managed Â but you can manage the amount of time you use each day for fun, work, rest, and time spent with others. Why is time management important? You have responsibilities to yourself, to your family and friends, to your
Back to Basics for Monolingual Alignment: Exploiting Word Similarity and Contextual Evidence
Back to Basics for Monolingual Alignment: Exploiting Word Similarity and Contextual Evidence Md. Amid a variety of problem formulations and ingenious approaches to alignment, we take a step back
New Methodology for Measuring Semantic Functional Similarity Based on Bidirectional Integration
Jeong, Jong Cheol
2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z
1.2 billion users in facebook, 17 million articles in Wikipedia, and 190 million tweets per day have demanded significant increase of information processing through Internet in recent years. Similarly life sciences and ...
Physics 116A Winter 2011 Diagonalization by a unitary similarity transformation
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Physics 116A Winter 2011 Diagonalization by a unitary similarity transformation In these notes, we transformation if and only if A is normal. Before proceeding, we record a few facts about unitary and hermitian
Using Semantic Similarity to Predict Angle and Distance of Objects in Images
Davies, Jim
sterling@sterlingsomers .com Jonathan GagnÃ© Dept. Systems Design Engineering University of Waterloo 200Using Semantic Similarity to Predict Angle and Distance of Objects in Images Sterling Somers
Duguid, Shona
2008-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
Kin selection does not entirely account for the choice of affiliative interactions among chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Other factors such as familiarity and similarity have been implicated as influences on association ...
Kagan, Grigory
The distribution function of suprathermal ions is found to be self-similar under conditions relevant to inertial confinement fusion hot spots. By utilizing this feature, interference between the hydrodynamic instabilities ...
FLOW AND REACTIVE TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA INDUCED BY WELL INJECTION: SIMILARITY SOLUTION
FLOW AND REACTIVE TRANSPORT IN POROUS MEDIA INDUCED BY WELL INJECTION: SIMILARITY SOLUTION C.J. VAN from laboratory batch experiments. Typical examples of isotherms are (see e.g. Freeze and Cherry [FC
Spatially Similar Practice Immediately Following Motor Sequence Learning Eliminates Offline Gains
Handa, Atul
2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
after initial practice has been revealed to eliminate offline improvement. The present experiment assessed the relative impact of experiencing supplemental practice of a spatially or a motorically-similar procedural task immediately following practice...
ficient thermal energy, leading to a different STP (27). Similar temperature-dependent be-
Savrasov, Sergej Y.
ficient thermal energy, leading to a different STP (27). Similar temperature-dependent be- havior a bottom-up paradigm for spintronics manufacturing. Different conjugated molecules and QDs should provide
for similarity-based classification of a dual energy CT (DECT) angiography data set. The individual steps to robustly extract features in applications such as dual energy computed tomography of parts in industrial
Noble, Julia Natasha
2008-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
the existence of chimpanzee friendship, by considering whether there are similar mechanisms to those which have been implicated in the formation of human friendships, kinship and the residual effects of two kin recognition mechanisms; familiarity and phenotype...
Mojahedi, Mohammad
Smithsonian/NASA ADS Physics/Geophysics Abstract Service · Find Similar Abstracts (with default | Query Form | Preferences | HELP | FAQ Physics/Geophysics arXiv e-prints Send Query Reset #12;
On a class of self-similar 2D surface water waves
Sijue Wu
2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
We construct a class of self-similar surface water waves and study its properties. This class of surface waves appears to be in very good agreement with a common type of wave crests in the ocean.
A comparison of the performance of waterfloods using similar refined and crude oils
Walton, Daylon Lynn
1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A COMPARISON OF THE PERFORMANCE OF WATERFI, GODS USING SIMILAR REFINED AND CRUDE OILS A Thesis By DAYLON L. WALTON Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1960 Major Subject: PETROLEUM ENGINEERING A COMPARISON OF THE PERFORMANCE OF WATERFLOODS USING SIMILAR REFINED AND CRUDE OILS A Thesis By DAYLON L. WALTON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman f...
The Dimensions Of Self-Similar Sets Wenxia Li, Dongmei Xiao
Li, Wenxia
-similar set F we prove that dimH F = dimB F = dimP F using dif* *ferent method from Fa[4] and give Further dimH F = dimB F = dimP F = s and F is an s-set where).We* * denote the common value by ff0; (ii)dim HF = dimB F = dimP F = ff0s; (For self-similar set F Fa[4
The Expression of Determination: Similarities Between Anger and Approach-related Positive Affect
Harmon-Jones, Cindy
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
THE EXPRESSION OF DETERMINATION: SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ANGER AND APPROACH-RELATED POSITIVE AFFECT A Thesis by CINDY HARMON-JONES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2009 Major Subject: Psychology THE EXPRESSION OF DETERMINATION: SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ANGER AND APPROACH-RELATED POSITIVE AFFECT A Thesis by CINDY HARMON-JONES Submitted...
Heat release by controlled continuous-time Markov jump processes
Paolo Muratore-Ginanneschi; Carlos Mejía-Monasterio; Luca Peliti
2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
We derive the equations governing the protocols minimizing the heat released by a continuous-time Markov jump process on a one-dimensional countable state space during a transition between assigned initial and final probability distributions in a finite time horizon. In particular, we identify the hypotheses on the transition rates under which the optimal control strategy and the probability distribution of the Markov jump problem obey a system of differential equations of Hamilton-Bellman-Jacobi-type. As the state-space mesh tends to zero, these equations converge to those satisfied by the diffusion process minimizing the heat released in the Langevin formulation of the same problem. We also show that in full analogy with the continuum case, heat minimization is equivalent to entropy production minimization. Thus, our results may be interpreted as a refined version of the second law of thermodynamics.
Measuring semantic similarities by combining gene ontology annotations and gene co-function networks
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Peng, Jiajie; Uygun, Sahra; Kim, Taehyong; Wang, Yadong; Rhee, Seung Y.; Chen, Jin
2015-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Background: Gene Ontology (GO) has been used widely to study functional relationships between genes. The current semantic similarity measures rely only on GO annotations and GO structure. This limits the power of GO-based similarity because of the limited proportion of genes that are annotated to GO in most organisms. Results: We introduce a novel approach called NETSIM (network-based similarity measure) that incorporates information from gene co-function networks in addition to using the GO structure and annotations. Using metabolic reaction maps of yeast, Arabidopsis, and human, we demonstrate that NETSIM can improve the accuracy of GO term similarities. We also demonstratemore »that NETSIM works well even for genomes with sparser gene annotation data. We applied NETSIM on large Arabidopsis gene families such as cytochrome P450 monooxygenases to group the members functionally and show that this grouping could facilitate functional characterization of genes in these families. Conclusions: Using NETSIM as an example, we demonstrated that the performance of a semantic similarity measure could be significantly improved after incorporating genome-specific information. NETSIM incorporates both GO annotations and gene co-function network data as a priori knowledge in the model. Therefore, functional similarities of GO terms that are not explicitly encoded in GO but are relevant in a taxon-specific manner become measurable when GO annotations are limited.« less
A nonlinear eigenvalue problem for self-similar spherical force-free magnetic fields
Lerche, I. [Institut für Geowissenschaften, Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät III, Martin-Luther Universität, D-06099 Halle (Germany); Low, B. C. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado 80307 (United States)
2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
An axisymmetric force-free magnetic field B(r, ?) in spherical coordinates is defined by a function r?sin??B{sub ?}=Q(A) relating its azimuthal component to its poloidal flux-function A. The power law r?sin??B{sub ?}=aA|A|{sup 1/n}, n a positive constant, admits separable fields with A=(A{sub n}(?))/(r{sup n}) , posing a nonlinear boundary-value problem for the constant parameter a as an eigenvalue and A{sub n}(?) as its eigenfunction [B. C. Low and Y. Q Lou, Astrophys. J. 352, 343 (1990)]. A complete analysis is presented of the eigenvalue spectrum for a given n, providing a unified understanding of the eigenfunctions and the physical relationship between the field's degree of multi-polarity and rate of radial decay via the parameter n. These force-free fields, self-similar on spheres of constant r, have basic astrophysical applications. As explicit solutions they have, over the years, served as standard benchmarks for testing 3D numerical codes developed to compute general force-free fields in the solar corona. The study presented includes a set of illustrative multipolar field solutions to address the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) issues underlying the observation that the solar corona has a statistical preference for negative and positive magnetic helicities in its northern and southern hemispheres, respectively; a hemispherical effect, unchanging as the Sun's global field reverses polarity in successive eleven-year cycles. Generalizing these force-free fields to the separable form B=(H(?,?))/(r{sup n+2}) promises field solutions of even richer topological varieties but allowing for ?-dependence greatly complicates the governing equations that have remained intractable. The axisymmetric results obtained are discussed in relation to this generalization and the Parker Magnetostatic Theorem. The axisymmetric solutions are mathematically related to a family of 3D time-dependent ideal MHD solutions for a polytropic fluid of index ??=?4/3 as discussed in the Appendix.
Horizon 2020: Excellent Science
De Cindio, Fiorella
agriculture, marine and maritime research & the bioeconomy Secure, clean and efficient energy Smart, green
Receding Horizon Covariance Control
Wendel, Eric
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Covariance assignment theory, introduced in the late 1980s, provided the only means to directly control the steady-state error properties of a linear system subject to Gaussian white noise and parameter uncertainty. This theory, however, does...
Not Available
1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research programs at LLNL for 1981 are described in broad terms. In his annual State of the Laboratory address, Director Roger Batzel projected a $481 million operating budget for fiscal year 1982, up nearly 13% from last year. In projects for the Department of Energy and the Department of Defense, the Laboratory applies its technical facilities and capabilities to nuclear weapons design and development and other areas of defense research that include inertial confinement fusion, nonnuclear ordnances, and particle-beam technology. LLNL is also applying its unique experience and capabilities to a variety of projects that will help the nation meet its energy needs in an environmentally acceptable manner. A sampling of recent achievements by LLNL support organizations indicates their diversity. (GHT)
Expanding Professional Horizons
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
expands daily, by leaps and bounds - knowledge turnover must be accompanied by an infusion of new talent that both informs and is informed by existing, experienced staff. With...
Expanding Professional Horizons
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article)41clothThe Bonneville Power AdministrationHawaiiEnergy StorageDepartment ofLow Risk Cloud Computing ServicesEnergya KeyErin *
Giribet, Gaston
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It has been argued recently that string theory effects qualitatively modify the effective black hole geometry experienced by modes with radial momentum of order $1/\\sqrt{\\alpha'}$. At tree level, these $\\alpha'$-effects can be explicitly worked out in two-dimensional string theory, and have a natural explanation in the T-dual description as coming from the integration of the zero-mode of the linear dilaton, what yields a contribution that affects the scattering phase-shift in a peculiar manner. It has also been argued that the phase-shift modification has its origin in a region of the moduli space that does not belong to the exterior black hole geometry, leading to the conclusion that at high energy the physics of the problem is better described by the dual model. Here, we elaborate on this argument. We consider the contribution of worldsheet instantons in the 2D Euclidean black hole sigma-model and study its influence on the phase-shift at high energy.
Gaston Giribet; Arash Ranjbar
2015-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
It has been argued recently that string theory effects qualitatively modify the effective black hole geometry experienced by modes with radial momentum of order $1/\\sqrt{\\alpha'}$. At tree level, these $\\alpha'$-effects can be explicitly worked out in two-dimensional string theory, and have a natural explanation in the T-dual description as coming from the integration of the zero-mode of the linear dilaton, what yields a contribution that affects the scattering phase-shift in a peculiar manner. It has also been argued that the phase-shift modification has its origin in a region of the moduli space that does not belong to the exterior black hole geometry, leading to the conclusion that at high energy the physics of the problem is better described by the dual model. Here, we elaborate on this argument. We consider the contribution of worldsheet instantons in the 2D Euclidean black hole sigma-model and study its influence on the phase-shift at high energy.
Dynamics and self-similarity in min-driven Govind Menon1
by Gallay and Mielke, extended using a careful choice of time scale. Keywords: dynamic scaling, coalescence
Fixed point of self-similar Lennard-Jones potentials in the glass transition
Jialin Wu
2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
The existence of potential energy landscape in the glass transition has been theoretically proved using the recursive equation of reinforce-restraint of self-similar 8 orders of Lennard-Jones (L-J) potential fluctuations. The stability condition for fluctuation reinforce-restraint is just the Lindemann ratio that is exactly deduced as 0.1047in this paper. The origin and transfer of interface excitation comes of the balance between self-similar L-J potential fluctuation and geometric phase potential fluctuation, which also gives rise to a new attractive potential of -17/16\\epsilon_i, lower than the potential well energy -\\epsilon_i of i-th order of L-J potential, in the self-similar mean field of mean fields of different sizes. The delocalization energy of two-body is exactly the transfer energy of excited interface, and the delocalization path is along 8 orders of geodesics in topological analyses.
EsPRESSo: Efficient Privacy-Preserving Evaluation of Sample Set Similarity
Blundo, Carlo; Gasti, Paolo
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents the first practical construction for privacy-preserving evaluation of sample set similarity, based on the well-known Jaccard index measure. In this problem, two mutually distrustful entities determine how similar their sets are, without disclosing their content to each other. We propose two efficient protocols: the first securely computes the Jaccard index of two sets; the second approximates it using MinHash techniques, at a significantly lower cost and with same privacy guarantees. This building block is attractive in many relevant applications, including document similarity, biometric authentication, multimedia file retrieval, and genetic tests. We demonstrate, both analytically and experimentally, that our constructions -- while not bounded to any specific application -- are appreciably more efficient than prior specialized techniques.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
UGE Scheduler Cycle Time UGE Scheduler Cycle Time Genepool Cycle Time Genepool Daily Genepool Weekly Phoebe Cycle Time Phoebe Daily Phoebe Weekly What is the Scheduler Cycle? The...
Jamie M. Foster; Dmitry E. Pelinovsky
2015-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the slow nonlinear diffusion equation subject to a constant absorption rate and construct local self-similar solutions for reversing (and anti-reversing) interfaces, where an initially advancing (receding) interface gives way to a receding (advancing) one. We use an approach based on invariant manifolds, which allows us to determine the required asymptotic behaviour for small and large values of the concentration. We then `connect' the requisite asymptotic behaviours using a robust and accurate numerical scheme. By doing so, we are able to furnish a rich set of self-similar solutions for both reversing and anti-reversing interfaces.
Local-global alignment for finding 3D similarities in protein structures
Zemla, Adam T. (Brentwood, CA)
2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
A method of finding 3D similarities in protein structures of a first molecule and a second molecule. The method comprises providing preselected information regarding the first molecule and the second molecule. Comparing the first molecule and the second molecule using Longest Continuous Segments (LCS) analysis. Comparing the first molecule and the second molecule using Global Distance Test (GDT) analysis. Comparing the first molecule and the second molecule using Local Global Alignment Scoring function (LGA_S) analysis. Verifying constructed alignment and repeating the steps to find the regions of 3D similarities in protein structures.
Time Commitments Where Does Your Time Go
Kunkle, Tom
Time Commitments Where Does Your Time Go Everyone starts the week with the same number of hours. So, why does your time go so fast? Let's find out! Number of hours of sleep each night ____ x 7 preparation/clean-up time) ____ x 7 = ____ Travel time to and from campus ___ x __ = ____ Number of hours per
V. Skalsky
2000-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
In the standard model of universe the increase in mass of our observed expansive and isotropic relativistic Universe is explained by the hypothetical assumption of matter objects emerging on the horizon (of the most remote visibility). However, the mathematical-physical analysis of the increase of Universe gauge factor shows that this hypothetical assumption is non-compatible with the variants of the standard model of universe by which - according to the standard model of universe - can be described the expansive evolution of the Universe.
H. Hergert; S. K. Bogner; T. D. Morris; S. Binder; A. Calci; J. Langhammer; R. Roth
2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
We use the newly developed Multi-Reference In-Medium Similarity Renormalization Group to study all even isotopes of the calcium and nickel isotopic chains, based on two- plus three-nucleon interactions derived from chiral effective field theory. We present results for ground-state and two-neutron separation energies and quantify their theoretical uncertainties. At shell closures, we find excellent agreement with Coupled Cluster results obtained with the same Hamiltonians. Our results highlight the importance of the chiral 3N interaction to obtain a correct reproduction of experimental energy trends, and their subtle impact on the location of the neutron drip lines in the Ca and Ni chains. At the same time, we uncover and discuss deficiencies of the input Hamiltonians which need to be addressed by the next generation of chiral interactions.
Hill Climbing Algorithms for Content-Based Retrieval of Similar Configurations
Papadias, Dimitris
Hill Climbing Algorithms for Content-Based Retrieval of Similar Configurations Dimitris Papadias Department of Computer Science Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong +852 is an important form of content-based retrieval. Exhaustive processing (i.e., retrieval of the best solutions
Hofmann, Hans A.
Sex differences and similarities in the neuroendocrine regulation of social behavior in an African and within the social states or sexes. We aimed to determine sex-specific attributes of social status by comparing circulating sex steroid hormones and neural gene expression of sex steroid receptors in dominant
Similarity Parameter Evolution within a Magnetic Nozzle with Applications to Laboratory Plasmas
Choueiri, Edgar
by which ions are accelerated is fundamental to the understanding of magnetic nozzles for propulsionSimilarity Parameter Evolution within a Magnetic Nozzle with Applications to Laboratory Plasmas IEPC-2011-229 Presented at the 32nd International Electric Propulsion Conference, Wiesbaden, Germany
Wind, Hydrogen and other Energy Technologies Similarities and Differences in Expectation Dynamics
Wind, Hydrogen and other Energy Technologies Similarities and Differences in Expectation Dynamics But mostly a "storytelling" on expectations and wind energy Per Dannemand Andersen Head of Technology Scenarios research programme Risoe National Laboratory per.dannemand@risoe.dk #12;Expectations and Wind
Self-similarity of the plasma edge fluctuations B. A. Carreras
van Milligen, Boudewijn
long-range dependence in plasma edge fluctuations Mandelbrot and Wallis, Water Resources Res. 4, 909 1969 . This technology has been applied to data from several confinement devices such as tokamaks, stellarators, and reversed-field pinch. The results reveal the self-similar character of the electrostatic
Uriarte, Maria
-exclusive mechanisms ranging from entirely deterministic to stochastic have been proposed to explain the high number traits to quantify the relative efficacy of functional similarity and shared ancestry in describing 1971) and limited dispersal coupled with demo- graphic stochasticity (Hubbell 2001). The outcome
Drug-Target Interaction Prediction for Drug Repurposing with Probabilistic Similarity Logic
Daume III, Hal
Drug-Target Interaction Prediction for Drug Repurposing with Probabilistic Similarity Logic Shobeir, USA getoor@cs.umd.edu ABSTRACT The high development cost and low success rate of drug dis- covery from appro- ved drugs. Computational methods can be effective in focu- sing efforts for such drug repurposing
cancer indicates a similar scenario, whereby MET amplification and mutation in the T790
Weiblen, George D
cancer indicates a similar scenario, whereby MET amplification and mutation in the T790 residue- resistant forms of the cancer-associated kinase BCRABL have enhanced oncogenicity, there is growing spectrum of cancers, not just those with driver kinase mutations, might be sensitive to cocktails of kinase
Book Reviews Semantic Interpretation and the Resolution of Ambiguity Similar discussions apply, continuing work by Eric Atwell and Geoffrey Sampson at Leeds has greatly improved on this figure, using Theory 6:129-137. Sampson, Geoffrey1986SimulatedAnnealingas a ParsingTech- nique. In Universityof Leeds
Parallel seed-based approach to multiple protein structure similarities detection
Chapuis, Guillaume [INRIA/IRISA and Univ. of Rennes, Rennes Cedex (France); Le Boudic-Jamin, Mathilde [INRIA/IRISA and Univ. of Rennes, Rennes Cedex (France); Andonov, Rumen [INRIA/IRISA and Univ. of Rennes, Rennes Cedex (France)] (ORCID:0000000348427102); Djidjev, Hristo [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Lavenier, Dominique [INRIA/IRISA and Univ. of Rennes, Rennes Cedex (France)] (ORCID:000000032557680X)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Finding similarities between protein structures is a crucial task in molecular biology. Most of the existing tools require proteins to be aligned in order-preserving way and only find single alignments even when multiple similar regions exist. We propose a new seed-based approach that discovers multiple pairs of similar regions. Its computational complexity is polynomial and it comes with a quality guarantee—the returned alignments have both root mean squared deviations (coordinate-based as well as internal-distances based) lower than a given threshold, if such exist. We do not require the alignments to be order preserving (i.e., we consider nonsequential alignments), which makes our algorithm suitable for detecting similar domains when comparing multidomain proteins as well as to detect structural repetitions within a single protein. Because the search space for nonsequential alignments is much larger than for sequential ones, the computational burden is addressed by extensive use of parallel computing techniques: a coarse-grain level parallelism making use of available CPU cores for computation and a fine-grain level parallelism exploiting bit-level concurrency as well as vector instructions.
Are all Social Networks Structurally Similar? A Comparative Study using Network Statistics and
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Are all Social Networks Structurally Similar? A Comparative Study using Network Statistics--The modern age has seen an exponential growth of social network data available on the web. Analysis social networks and how they are different from other networks such as protein interaction networks
Chernobyl and Fukushima: Differences and Similarities, a Biological Perspective Timothy A. Mousseau1
Mousseau, Timothy A.
Chernobyl and Fukushima: Differences and Similarities, a Biological Perspective Timothy A. Mousseau Exclusion Zone. This initiative was expanded in 2011 to include the impacts of the Fukushima disaster on wildlife in contaminated areas of Japan. Although the Fukushima accident is a terrible disaster, it has
Stavrakakis, Ioannis
Exploiting user interest similarity and social links for micro-blog forwarding in mobile,mkaralio,ioannis}@di.uoa.gr Abstract Micro-blogging services have recently been experiencing increasing success among Web users. Differ- ent to traditional online social applications, micro-blogs are lightweight, require small cognitive
Yaron, David
Embedding parameters in ab initio theory to develop well- controlled approximations based Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation #12;1 Embedding parameters in ab initio theory to develop well-controlled on molecular similarity Journal: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation Manuscript ID: Draft Manuscript
Assisting Web Search Using Query Suggestion Based on Word Similarity Measure and Query Modification
Ng, Yiu-Kai Dennis
. For example, when the word "Tiger" is entered by a user, current web search engines are mostly focusedAssisting Web Search Using Query Suggestion Based on Word Similarity Measure and Query Modification search engines is query suggestion (QS), which assists users in formulating keyword queries by suggesting
Parallel seed-based approach to multiple protein structure similarities detection
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Chapuis, Guillaume; Le Boudic-Jamin, Mathilde; Andonov, Rumen; Djidjev, Hristo; Lavenier, Dominique
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Finding similarities between protein structures is a crucial task in molecular biology. Most of the existing tools require proteins to be aligned in order-preserving way and only find single alignments even when multiple similar regions exist. We propose a new seed-based approach that discovers multiple pairs of similar regions. Its computational complexity is polynomial and it comes with a quality guarantee—the returned alignments have both root mean squared deviations (coordinate-based as well as internal-distances based) lower than a given threshold, if such exist. We do not require the alignments to be order preserving (i.e., we consider nonsequential alignments), which makesmore »our algorithm suitable for detecting similar domains when comparing multidomain proteins as well as to detect structural repetitions within a single protein. Because the search space for nonsequential alignments is much larger than for sequential ones, the computational burden is addressed by extensive use of parallel computing techniques: a coarse-grain level parallelism making use of available CPU cores for computation and a fine-grain level parallelism exploiting bit-level concurrency as well as vector instructions.« less
Influence of heterogeneity on second-kind self-similar solutions for viscous gravity currents
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Zheng, Zhong; Christov, Ivan C.; Stone, Howard A.
2014-05-25T23:59:59.000Z
We report experimental, theoretical and numerical results on the effects of horizontal heterogeneities on the propagation of viscous gravity currents. We use two geometries to highlight these effects: (a) a horizontal channel (or crack) whose gap thickness varies as a power-law function of the streamwise coordinate; (b) a heterogeneous porous medium whose permeability and porosity have power-law variations. We demonstrate that two types of self-similar behaviours emerge as a result of horizontal heterogeneity: (a) a first-kind self-similar solution is found using dimensional analysis (scaling) for viscous gravity currents that propagate away from the origin (a point of zero permeability); (b)more »a second-kind self-similar solution is found using a phase-plane analysis for viscous gravity currents that propagate toward the origin. These theoretical predictions, obtained using the ideas of self-similar intermediate asymptotics, are compared with experimental results and numerical solutions of the governing partial differential equation developed under the lubrication approximation. All three results are found to be in good agreement.« less
Flux-linkage equations for 7-winding representation (similar to eq. 4.11 in text)
McCalley, James D.
1 Flux-linkage equations for 7-winding representation (similar to eq. 4.11 in text The above terms are defined as follows: Stator-stator terms: Stator-rotor terms: Rotor-Stator terms: Laa (eq. L-ex) #12;3 Voltage equations Consider the stator circuit appears as in Fig. 1: Fig. 1
by raising CO2 levels around the leaf3 manner conceptually similar to adding a
Collins, James J.
by raising CO2 levels around the leaf3 in a manner conceptually similar to adding a CCM photo- synthetic CO2 fixation. CCMs have evolved independently in cyanobacteria, microalgae and some a series of membrane- based pumps for CO2 and bicarbonate (HCO3 - ), and special microcompartments called
Beyond Similarity Jay Budzik, Kristian J. Hammond, Larry Birnbaum, and Marko Krema
Bustamante, Fabián E.
Beyond Similarity Jay Budzik, Kristian J. Hammond, Larry Birnbaum, and Marko Krema Intelligent Information Laboratory Northwestern University 1890 Maple Ave. Evanston, IL USA {budzik, hammond, birnbaum (Lieberman 1995, Rhodes and Starner 1996, Badue, Vaz, and Albuquerque 1998, Budzik et al. 1998, Kulyukin 1999
Elastic Lennard-Jones polymers meet clusters: Differences and similarities Stefan Schnabel,1,a
Janke, Wolfhard
Elastic Lennard-Jones polymers meet clusters: Differences and similarities Stefan Schnabel,1,a of elastic flexible off-lattice polymers with Lennard-Jones monomer-monomer interaction and anharmonic and nonicosahedral low-energy polymer morphologies. © 2009 American Institute of Physics. doi:10.1063/1.3223720 I
Sequence Effects in Solving Knowledge-Rich Problems: The Ambiguous Role of Surface Similarities
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Sequence Effects in Solving Knowledge-Rich Problems: The Ambiguous Role of Surface Similarities Tuebingen, Germany Abstract Sequence effects are said to occur whenever the problem- solving performance sequence effects as a result of (a) learning during solving a problem and of (b) transferring the learned
Similarity Networks of the Functional Evolution of Cycles in Structural David M. Walker
Froyland, Gary
Similarity Networks of the Functional Evolution of Cycles in Structural Networks David M. Walker.g. minerals, soil, chemical powders and pills, food grains etc.). When subjected to different stresses is to introduce a new way of using networks to study the functional role grains play in the structural evolution
Evolution of Nuclear Many-Body Forces with the Similarity Renormalization Group
Jurgenson, E D; Navratil, P; Furnstahl, R J
2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The first practical method to evolve many-body nuclear forces to softened form using the Similarity Renormalization Group (SRG) in a harmonic oscillator basis is demonstrated. When applied to 4He calculations, the two- and three-body oscillator matrix elements yield rapid convergence of the ground-state energy with a small net contribution of the induced four-body force.
Fuzzy Classification of Genome Sequences Prior to Assembly Based on Similarity Measures*
Nicolescu, Monica
Fuzzy Classification of Genome Sequences Prior to Assembly Based on Similarity Measures* Sara number: 0447416). Abstract - Nucleotide sequencing of genomic data is an important step towards building into the overall genome. However, the existence of insertions, deletions and substitutions can complicate
1 Plasmodium falciparum SSB Tetramer Wraps 2 Single-Stranded DNA with Similar Topology but
Lohman, Timothy M.
1 Plasmodium falciparum SSB Tetramer Wraps 2 Single-Stranded DNA with Similar Topology but 3 methods, we show that Pf-SSB forms a stable homo-tetramer 32 alone and when bound to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). We also present a 33 crystal structure at 2.1 Å resolution of the Pf-SSB tetramer bound
Exploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net
Low, Steven H.
. Furthermore, un- like the Lasso, the Elastic Net can yield a sparse esti- mate with more than n non-zero477 Exploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net Alexander to regression regulariza- tion called the Pairwise Elastic Net is pro- posed. Like the Elastic Net, it simultane
Exploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net
Blei, David M.
, the Elastic Net can yield a sparse esti- mate with more than n non-zero weights (Efron et al., 2004). One canExploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net Alexander Lorbert- tion called the Pairwise Elastic Net is pro- posed. Like the Elastic Net, it simultane- ously performs
USER-ASSISTED OBJECT DETECTION BY SEGMENT BASED SIMILARITY MEASURES IN MOBILE LASER SCANNER DATA
USER-ASSISTED OBJECT DETECTION BY SEGMENT BASED SIMILARITY MEASURES IN MOBILE LASER SCANNER DATA S WORDS: Segmentation, Object Detection, Semi-Automatic, Mobile Mapping Systems, Segment based in fields related to urban safety analyses and/or asset management. Many MMS systems carry video cameras
Boyd, Robert W.
Material slow light and structural slow light: similarities and differences for nonlinear optics There are two standard methods for controlling the group velocity of light. One makes use of the dispersive nonlinear optical processes are enhanced through use of slow-light interactions and when they are not
Self-similar asymptotics of solutions to the Navier-Stokes system
Iftimie, DragoÂº
for the Navier-Stokes equations considered either in the whole space Rn , n 2, or in an exterior domain dependsSelf-similar asymptotics of solutions to the Navier-Stokes system in two dimensional exterior Navier-Stokes equations with Dirichlet boundary con- dition in the exterior of one obstacle. Assuming
Increased lung cancer risks are similar whether arsenic is ingested ALLAN H. SMITHa
California at Berkeley, University of
Increased lung cancer risks are similar whether arsenic is ingested or inhaled ALLAN H. SMITHa that inorganic arsenic was a human lung carcinogen based on studies involving exposure through inhalation. In 2004, IARC listed arsenic in drinking water as a cause of lung cancer, making arsenic the first
Oard, Doug
analysis thus leads directly to a need for bilingual topic aspect classification as a prerequisite taskEnglish and Chinese Bilingual Topic Aspect Classification: Exploring Similarity Measures, Optimal LSA Dimensions, and Centroid Correction of Translated Training Examples Yejun Wu School of Library
Beaucage, Gregory
Polymer Thermodynamics and Chain Structure Polymers display some similarities and some differences with nano-aggregates. Both materials are composed of basic units, Kuhn units for polymers which are rod an aggregate in nanomaterials and a polymer coil in Polymer Science. The mass-fractal or minimum dimension
Comparison, similarity and simulation in Zaar, a Chadic language of Nigeria
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Comparison, similarity and simulation in Zaar, a Chadic language of Nigeria Bernard CARON Llacan `similative' in Zaar, a Chadic language spoken south of Bauchi State, in Northern Nigeria. As the Zaar known as Saya, is spoken by about 150 000 speakers in the South of Bauchi State (Nigeria), in the Tafawa
Johnson, Kevin P.
Nuclear and Mitochondrial Genes Contain Similar Phylogenetic Signal for Pigeons and Doves (Aves of this assumption in the pigeons and doves (Aves: Columbiformes) by comparing phylog- enies derived from nuclear incongruence between trees derived from the two genes; so, we combined nuclear and mitochondrial data
Pani, Paolo [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Cagliari, and INFN sezione di Cagliari, Cittadella Universitaria 09042 Monserrato (Italy); Berti, Emanuele [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi 38677-1848 (United States); Theoretical Astrophysics 350-17, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Cardoso, Vitor [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi 38677-1848 (United States); Centro Multidisciplinar de Astrofisica-CENTRA, Department de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Chen Yanbei; Norte, Richard [Theoretical Astrophysics 350-17, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study gravitational wave emission from the quasicircular, extreme mass ratio inspiral of compact objects of mass m{sub 0} into massive objects of mass M>>m{sub 0} whose external metric is identical to the Schwarzschild metric, except for the absence of an event horizon. To be specific we consider one of the simplest realizations of such an object: a nonrotating thin-shell gravastar. The power radiated in gravitational waves during the inspiral shows distinctive peaks corresponding to the excitation of the polar oscillation modes of the gravastar. For ultracompact gravastars the frequency of these peaks depends mildly on the gravastar compactness. For masses M{approx}10{sup 6}M{sub {center_dot}}the peaks typically lie within the optimal sensitivity bandwidth of the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna, potentially providing a unique signature of the horizonless nature of the central object. For relatively modest values of the gravastar compactness the radiated power has even more peculiar features, carrying the signature of the microscopic properties of the physical surface replacing the event horizon.
Time Scales in Spectator Fragmentation
C. Schwarz; for the ALADIN collaboration
2000-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
Proton-proton correlations and correlations of p-alpha, d-alpha, and t-alpha from spectator decays following Au + Au collisions at 1000 AMeV have been measured with an highly efficient detector hodoscope. The constructed correlation functions indicate a moderate expansion and low breakup densities similar to assumptions made in statistical multifragmentation models. In agreement with a volume breakup rather short time scales were deduced employing directional cuts in proton-proton correlations. PACS numbers: 25.70.Pq, 21.65.+f, 25.70.Mn
Random Vortex-Street Model for a Self-Similar Plane Turbulent Jet
Victor L'vov; Anna Pomyalov; Itamar Procaccia; Rama Govindarajan
2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
We ask what determines the (small) angle of turbulent jets. To answer this question we first construct a deterministic vortex-street model representing the large scale structure in a self-similar plane turbulent jet. Without adjustable parameters the model reproduces the mean velocity profiles and the transverse positions of the large scale structures, including their mean sweeping velocities, in a quantitative agreement with experiments. Nevertheless the exact self similar arrangement of the vortices (or any other deterministic model) necessarily leads to a collapse of the jet angle. The observed (small) angle results from a competition between vortex sweeping tending to strongly collapse the jet and randomness in the vortex structure, with the latter resulting in a weak spreading of the jet.
On the Cosmic Nuclear Cycle and the Similarity of Nuclei and Stars
O. Manuel; Michael Mozina; Hilton Ratcliffe
2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z
Repulsive interactions between neutrons in compact stellar cores cause luminosity and a steady outflow of hydrogen from stellar surfaces. Neutron repulsion in more massive compact objects made by gravitational collapse produces violent, energetic, cosmological events (quasars, gamma ray bursts, and active galactic centers) that had been attributed to black holes before neutron repulsion was recognized. Rather than evolving in one direction by fusion, nuclear matter on the cosmological scale cycles between fusion, gravitational collapse, and dissociation (including neutron-emission). This cycle involves neither the production of matter in an initial Big Bang nor the disappearance of matter into black holes. The similarity Bohr noted between atomic and planetary structures extends to a similarity between nuclear and stellar structures.
Discrete Self-Similarity Of RR Lyrae Stars II. Period Spectrum For A Very Large Sample
R. L. Oldershaw
2006-06-06T23:59:59.000Z
A recent paper demonstrated a considerable degree of self-similarity between RR Lyrae stars and their atomic scale analogues: excited helium atoms undergoing single-level transition between n = 7 and n = 10. Discrete self-similarity between these fractal analogues was indentified in terms of their masses, radii, oscillation periods, basic morphologies and kinematics. In this second paper on the subject, an extremely large and carefully analyzed sample of RR Lyrae oscillation periods provides further evidence for a unique match between the predicted set of discrete periods, based exclusively on the known helium spectrum and the discrete scaling equations of a fractal cosmological paradigm, and the observed period spectra of RR Lyrae stars.
Self-Similar Blowup Solutions to the 2-Component Degasperis-Procesi Shallow Water System
Manwai Yuen
2010-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
In this article, we study the self-similar solutions of the 2-component Degasperis-Procesi water system:% [c]{c}% \\rho_{t}+k_{2}u\\rho_{x}+(k_{1}+k_{2})\\rho u_{x}=0 u_{t}-u_{xxt}+4uu_{x}-3u_{x}u_{xx}-uu_{xxx}+k_{3}\\rho\\rho_{x}=0. By the separation method, we can obtain a class of self-similar solutions,% [c]{c}% \\rho(t,x)=\\max(\\frac{f(\\eta)}{a(4t)^{(k_{1}+k_{2})/4}},\\text{}0),\\text{}u(t,x)=\\frac{\\overset{\\cdot}{a}(4t)}{a(4t)}x \\overset{\\cdot\\cdot}{a}(s)-\\frac{\\xi}{4a(s)^{\\kappa}}=0,\\text{}a(0)=a_{0}% \
Eta Carinae and Nebulae Around Massive Stars: Similarities to Planetary Nebulae?
Nathan Smith
2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
I discuss some observational properties of aspherical nebulae around massive stars, and conclusions inferred for how they may have formed. Whether or not these ideas are applicable to the shaping of planetary nebulae is uncertain, but the observed similarities between some PNe and bipolar nebulae around massive stars is compelling. In the well-observed case of Eta Carinae, several lines of observational evidence point to a scenario where the shape of its bipolar nebula resulted from an intrinsically bipolar explosive ejection event rather than an interacting winds scenario occurring after ejection from teh star. A similar conclusion has been inferred for some planetary nebulae. I also briefly mention bipolar nebulae around some other massive stars, such as the progenitor of SN 1987A and related blue supergiants.
The Magnus expansion and the in-medium similarity renormalization group
Morris, T. D.; Bogner, S. K. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48844 (United States)
2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a variant of the in-medium similarity renormalization group(IMSRG) based on the Magnus expansion. In this new variant, the unitary transformation of the IMSRG is constructed explicitly, which allows for the transformation of observables quickly and easily. Additionally, the stiffness of equations encountered by the traditional solution of the IMSRG can be alleviated greatly. We present results and comparisons for the 3d electron gas.
A comparison of the performance of waterfloods using similar refined and crude oils
Walton, Daylon Lynn
1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1960 Major Subject: PETROLEUM ENGINEERING A COMPARISON OF THE PERFORMANCE OF WATERFLOODS USING SIMILAR REFINED AND CRUDE OILS A Thesis By DAYLON L. WALTON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman f.... Differences in the behavior of the crude and refined oils were noted and an attempt to explain the differences was made in terms of inter- facial tension variation. INTRODUCTION The use of petroleum and petroleum products is growing at an ever...
Oblique and conical shock similarity laws for non-equilibrium flows
Holster, Jesse Louis
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for free stream )lach numbers ranging from four to eighteen. Shown, too, is the length of the non-equilibrium zone as numerically calculated for a forty-degree wedge. This data was taken from numerical computations made at the Ballistic". Re sear ch... constituent, the computations made by the Ballistics Research Laboratory were chosen to check the accuracy of the vibrational similarity law. Figures 6 through 9 of the appendix present a plot of the pressure and temperature distributions over a forty...
Hooper, Sean D.; Anderson, Iain J; Pati, Amrita; Dalevi, Daniel; Mavromatis, Konstantinos; Kyrpides, Nikos C
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In order to simplify and meaningfully categorize large sets of protein sequence data, it is commonplace to cluster proteins based on the similarity of those sequences. However, it quickly becomes clear that the sequence flexibility allowed a given protein varies significantly among different protein families. The degree to which sequences are conserved not only differs for each protein family, but also is affected by the phylogenetic divergence of the source organisms. Clustering techniques that use similarity thresholds for protein families do not always allow for these variations and thus cannot be confidently used for applications such as automated annotation and phylogenetic profiling. In this work, we applied a spectral bipartitioning technique to all proteins from 53 archaeal genomes. Comparisons between different taxonomic levels allowed us to study the effects of phylogenetic distances on cluster structure. Likewise, by associating functional annotations and phenotypic metadata with each protein, we could compare our protein similarity clusters with both protein function and associated phenotype. Our clusters can be analyzed graphically and interactively online.
Automatic Synthesis of Computation Interference Constraints for Relative Timing Verification
Stevens, Ken
systems results in circuits much larger, slower, and power hungry than similar timed circuits [2]. Even to reduce the complexity of such joint behavior and metric timed verification systems. Another problemAutomatic Synthesis of Computation Interference Constraints for Relative Timing Verification Yang
Seismic amplitude and coherency response of channel sand, offshore Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico
Fischer, Elena Mikhaylovna
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
saturated sandstones. . . . . , . . 19 5 Traditional 3D seismic time slice vs. coherency time slice. . . . . 6 Example of waveform similarity estimation . . . . . . 2 1 22 7 Time slices through a seismic amplitude data volume . . 25 8 Coherency time... difference calculation. . . . . . . . . 51 22 3D difference data cube . 52 23 Amplitude/difference data cube 24 Time-structure map of Horizon A. 54 56 25 Horizon-based difference slice. 57 26 Difference time slice at 1200 ms showing the location...
Seismic amplitude and coherency response of channel sand, offshore Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico
Fischer, Elena Mikhaylovna
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
saturated sandstones. . . . . , . . 19 5 Traditional 3D seismic time slice vs. coherency time slice. . . . . 6 Example of waveform similarity estimation . . . . . . 2 1 22 7 Time slices through a seismic amplitude data volume . . 25 8 Coherency time... difference calculation. . . . . . . . . 51 22 3D difference data cube . 52 23 Amplitude/difference data cube 24 Time-structure map of Horizon A. 54 56 25 Horizon-based difference slice. 57 26 Difference time slice at 1200 ms showing the location...
Cai, Ximing; Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Wang, Dingbao
2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a modeling framework for real-time decision support for irrigation scheduling using the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) probabilistic rainfall forecasts. The forecasts and their probability distributions are incorporated into a simulation-optimization modeling framework. In this study, modeling irrigation is determined by a stochastic optimization program based on the simulated soil moisture and crop water-stress status and the forecasted rainfall for the next 1-7 days. The modeling framework is applied to irrigated corn in Mason County, Illinois. It is found that there is ample potential to improve current farmers practices by simply using the proposed simulation-optimization framework, which uses the present soil moisture and crop evapotranspiration information even without any forecasts. It is found that the values of the forecasts vary across dry, normal, and wet years. More significant economic gains are found in normal and wet years than in dry years under the various forecast horizons. To mitigate drought effect on crop yield through irrigation, medium- or long-term climate predictions likely play a more important role than short-term forecasts. NOAA's imperfect 1-week forecast is still valuable in terms of both profit gain and water saving. Compared with the no-rain forecast case, the short-term imperfect forecasts could lead to additional 2.4-8.5% gain in profit and 11.0-26.9% water saving. However, the performance of the imperfect forecast is only slightly better than the ensemble weather forecast based on historical data and slightly inferior to the perfect forecast. It seems that the 1-week forecast horizon is too limited to evaluate the role of the various forecast scenarios for irrigation scheduling, which is actually a seasonal decision issue. For irrigation scheduling, both the forecast quality and the length of forecast time horizon matter. Thus, longer forecasts might be necessary to evaluate the role of forecasts for irrigation scheduling in a more effective way.
Time Crystals from Minimum Time Uncertainty
Mir Faizal; Mohammed M. Khalil; Saurya Das
2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by the Generalized Uncertainty Principle, covariance, and a minimum measurable time, we propose a deformation of the Heisenberg algebra, and show that this leads to corrections to all quantum mechanical systems. We also demonstrate that such a deformation implies a discrete spectrum for time. In other words, time behaves like a crystal.
Similarity of coupled non-equilibrium flows behind normal shock waves
Dalton, James Verne
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
reaction-rate constants are then kF = (V) kR K where V, kN, Ke are as shown previously. Finally, De Jarnette states 2 ? ~ [2kF (2 + kF2(l-(2)] d[N, ] ~N2 dt MN 2 d(22) 2 2 (2RR ~ RR (1- )) rRRR dt RR (1 ) 1 N2 34 which, assuming no initial... that dissociation occurs simultaneously w1th vibration, the vibrational non-equilibrium length for the coupled analysis will be the total non-equ1librium length. Thomas' vibrational similarity parameter is derived from the energy equation Dh Dp ? - ? = 0 Dt...
Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Posse, Christian; Gopalan, Banu; Tratz, Stephen C.; Gregory, Michelle L.
2006-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
With the rising influence of the Gene On-tology, new approaches have emerged where the similarity between genes or gene products is obtained by comparing Gene Ontology code annotations associ-ated with them. So far, these approaches have solely relied on the knowledge en-coded in the Gene Ontology and the gene annotations associated with the Gene On-tology database. The goal of this paper is to demonstrate that improvements to these approaches can be obtained by integrating textual evidence extracted from relevant biomedical literature.
Differences and similarities in the analysis of Lorenz, Chen, and Lu systems
G. A. Leonov; N. V. Kuznetsov
2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z
Currently it is being actively discussed the question of the equivalence of various Lorenz-like systems and the possibility of universal consideration of their behavior, in view of the possibility of reduction of such systems to the same form with the help of various transformations. In the present paper the differences and similarities in the analysis of the Lorenz, the Chen and the Lu systems are discussed and it is shown that the Chen and the Lu systems are valuable for the development of new methods for the analysis of chaotic systems.
The Dimensions Of Self-Similar Sets Wenxia Li, Dongmei Xiao
Li, Wenxia
of California at Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Abstract For self-similar set F we prove that dimH F = dimB F = dimP FHF = dimBF = dimP F = s and F is an s-set where s is such that n i=1 cs i = 1, (2) if i's satisfy the open of the choice of A and 0(A) = 0(A).We denote the common value by 0; (ii) dimHF = dimBF = dimP F = 0s; (For self
Oblique and conical shock similarity laws for non-equilibrium flows
Holster, Jesse Louis
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ratios for Dissociating Air over a 4(-Degree Cone, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 V11 LIST OF SY~i(DOLS C P VIB E eD h kl, k2 L A U Constant, equation ($) Constant, equation (g) Consi. ani. , equation (5) / ft2 Specific heat... the Landau-Teller vibrational relaxation equation v. T' 'Veq v (4) and the hypersonic normal shock relations, the similarity 6 parameter became A P& L exp( B Nl 1 -CE vl B T 1 1 -1/3 Tl ) -2/3, exp(-B i~f Tl 1 (5) -1/3 ) = constant. If the gas...
Similarity between quantum mechanics and thermodynamics: Entropy, temperature, and Carnot cycle
Sumiyoshi Abe; Shinji Okuyama
2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
Similarity between quantum mechanics and thermodynamics is discussed. It is found that if the Clausius equality is imposed on the Shannon entropy and the analogue of the heat quantity, then the value of the Shannon entropy comes to formally coincide with that of the von Neumann entropy of the canonical density matrix, and pure-state quantum mechanics apparently transmutes into quantum thermodynamics. The corresponding quantum Carnot cycle of a simple two-state model of a particle confined in a one-dimensional infinite potential well is studied, and its efficiency is shown to be identical to the classical one.
Similarity between quantum mechanics and thermodynamics: Entropy, temperature, and Carnot cycle
Abe, Sumiyoshi
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Similarity between quantum mechanics and thermodynamics is discussed. It is found that if the Clausius equality is imposed on the Shannon entropy and the analogue of the heat quantity, then the value of the Shannon entropy comes to formally coincide with that of the von Neumann entropy of the canonical density matrix, and pure-state quantum mechanics apparently transmutes into quantum thermodynamics. The corresponding quantum Carnot cycle of a simple two-state model of a particle confined in a one-dimensional infinite potential well is studied, and its efficiency is shown to be identical to the classical one.
Matteus Tanha; Shiva Kaul; Alex Cappiello; Geoffrey J. Gordon; David J. Yaron
2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
A means to take advantage of molecular similarity to lower the computational cost of electronic structure theory is proposed, in which parameters are embedded into a low-cost, low-level (LL) ab initio theory and adjusted to obtain agreement with a higher level (HL) ab initio theory. This approach is explored by training such a model on data for ethane and testing the resulting model on methane, propane and butane. The electronic distribution of the molecules is varied by placing them in strong electrostatic environments consisting of random charges placed on the corners of a cube. The results find that parameters embedded in HF/STO-3G theory can be adjusted to obtain agreement, to within about 2 kcal/mol, with results of HF/6-31G theory. Obtaining this level of agreement requires the use of parameters that are functions of the bond lengths, atomic charges, and bond orders within the molecules. The argument is made that this approach provides a well-controlled means to take advantage of molecular similarity in quantum chemistry.
Kowalski, Karol; Bhaskaran-Nair, Kiran; Shelton, William A.
2014-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we discuss a new formalism for producing an analytic coupled-cluster (CC) Green’s function that renders a highly scalable computational accurate method for producing an analytic coupled-cluster Green’s function for an N-electron system by shifting the poles of similarity transformed Hamiltonians represented in N?1 and N +1 electron Hilbert spaces. Simple criteria are derived for the states in N ?1 and N + 1 electron spaces that are then corrected in the spectral resolution of the cor- responding matrix representations of the similarity transformed Hamiltonian. The accurate description of excited state processes within a Green’s function formalism would be of significant importance to a number of scientific communities ranging from physics and chemistry to engineering and the biological sciences. This is because the Green’s function methodology provides a direct path for not only calculating prop- erties whose underlying origins come from coupled many-body interactions but it also provides a straightforward path for calculating electron transport, response and correlation functions that allows for a direct link with experiment. As a special case of this general formulation, we discuss the application of this technique for Green’s function defined by the CCSD (CC with singles and doubles) representation of the ground-state wave function.
Comptonizing Efficiencies of IGR 17091-3624 and its similarity to GRS 1915+105
Pal, Partha Sarathi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Variability classes in the enigmatic black hole candidate GRS 1915+105 are known to be correlated with the variation of the Comptonizing Efficiency (CE) which is defined to be the ratio between the number of power-law (hard) photons and seed (soft) photons injected into the Compton cloud. Similarities of light curves of several variability classes of GRS 1915+105 and IGR 17091-3624, some of which are already reported in the literature, motivated us to compute CE for IGR 17091-3624 as well. We find that they are similar to what were reported earlier for GRS 1915+105, even though masses of these objects could be different. The reason is that the both the sizes of the sources of the seed photons and of the Comptonizing corona scale in the same way as the mass of the black hole. This indicates that characterization of variability classes based on CE is likely to be black hole mass independent, in general.
Tanha, Matteus; Cappiello, Alex; Gordon, Geoffrey J; Yaron, David J
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A means to take advantage of molecular similarity to lower the computational cost of electronic structure theory is proposed, in which parameters are embedded into a low-cost, low-level (LL) ab initio theory and adjusted to obtain agreement with a higher level (HL) ab initio theory. This approach is explored by training such a model on data for ethane and testing the resulting model on methane, propane and butane. The electronic distribution of the molecules is varied by placing them in strong electrostatic environments consisting of random charges placed on the corners of a cube. The results find that parameters embedded in HF/STO-3G theory can be adjusted to obtain agreement, to within about 2 kcal/mol, with results of HF/6-31G theory. Obtaining this level of agreement requires the use of parameters that are functions of the bond lengths, atomic charges, and bond orders within the molecules. The argument is made that this approach provides a well-controlled means to take advantage of molecular similarity in...
Leptonic CP Violation Phases, Quark-Lepton Similarity and Seesaw Mechanism
Basudeb Dasgupta; Alexei Yu. Smirnov
2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
We explore generic features of the leptonic CP violation in the framework of the seesaw type I mechanism with similarity of the Dirac lepton and quarks mass matrices $m_D$. For this, we elaborate on the standard parametrization conditions which allow to simultaneously obtain the Dirac and Majorana phases. If the only origin of CP violation is the left-handed (LH) transformation which diagonalizes $m_D$ (similar to quarks), the leptonic CP violation is suppressed and the Dirac phase is close to $\\pi$ or to $0$ with $\\sin \\delta_{CP} \\approx (\\sin \\theta_{13}^q /\\sin \\theta_{13}) \\cos \\theta_{23} \\sin \\delta_q \\sim \\lambda^2 \\sin \\delta_q$. Here $\\lambda \\sim \\theta_C$, is the Cabibbo mixing angle, and $\\theta_{13}^q$ and $\\theta_{13}$ are the 1-3 mixing angles of quarks and leptons respectively. The Majorana phases $\\beta_1$ and $\\beta_2$ are suppressed as $\\lambda^3\\sin\\delta_q$. For Majorana neutrinos implied by seesaw, the right-handed (RH) transformations are important. We explore the simplest extension inspired by Left-Right (L-R) symmetry with small CKM-type CP violation. In this case, seesaw enhancement of the CP violation occurs due to strong hierarchy of the eigenvalues of $m_D$ leading to $\\delta_{CP} \\sim 1$. The enhancement is absent under the phase factorization conditions which require certain relations between parameters of the Majorana mass matrix of RH neutrinos.
Time-Energy Costs of Quantum Measurements
Chi-Hang Fred Fung; H. F. Chau
2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
Time and energy of quantum processes are a tradeoff against each other. We propose to ascribe to any given quantum process a time-energy cost to quantify how much computation it performs. Here, we analyze the time-energy costs for general quantum measurements, along a similar line as our previous work for quantum channels, and prove exact and lower bound formulae for the costs. We use these formulae to evaluate the efficiencies of actual measurement implementations. We find that one implementation for a Bell measurement is optimal in time-energy. We also analyze the time-energy cost for unambiguous state discrimination and find evidence that only a finite time-energy cost is needed to distinguish any number of states.
Space time and the passage of time
George F. R. Ellis; Rituparno Goswami
2012-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
This paper examines the various arguments that have been put forward suggesting either that time does not exist, or that it exists but its flow is not real. I argue that (i) time both exists and flows; (ii) an Evolving Block Universe (`EBU') model of spacetime adequately captures this feature, emphasizing the key differences between the past, present, and future; (iii) the associated surfaces of constant time are uniquely geometrically and physically determined in any realistic spacetime model based in General Relativity Theory; (iv) such a model is needed in order to capture the essential aspects of what is happening in circumstances where initial data does not uniquely determine the evolution of spacetime structure because quantum uncertainty plays a key role in that development. Assuming that the functioning of the mind is based in the physical brain, evidence from the way that the mind apprehends the flow of time prefers this evolving time model over those where there is no flow of time.
Self-similar non-equilibrium dynamics of a many-body system with power-law interactions
Gutiérrez, Ricardo; Lesanovsky, Igor
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The influence of power-law interactions on the dynamics of many-body systems far from equilibrium is much less explored than their effect on static and thermodynamic properties. To gain insight into this problem we introduce and analyze here an out-of-equilibrium deposition process in which the deposition rate of a given particle depends as a power-law on the distance to previously deposited particles. Although rather simplistic this model draws its relevance from recent experimental progress in the domain of cold atomic gases which are studied in a setting where atoms that are excited to high-lying Rydberg states interact through power-law potentials that translate into power-law excitation rates. The out-of-equilibrium dynamics of this system turns out to be surprisingly rich. It features a self-similar evolution which leads to a characteristic power-law time dependence of observables such as the particle concentration and results in a scale invariance of the structure factor. Moreover, it displays a crosso...
Mayeda, K; Malagnini, L; Walter, W R
2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
This study is motivated by renewed interest within the seismic source community to resolve the long-standing question on energy scaling of earthquakes, specifically, 'Do earthquakes scale self-similarly or are large earthquakes dynamically different than small ones?' This question is important from a seismic hazard prediction point of view, as well as for understanding basic rupture dynamics for earthquakes. Estimating the total radiated energy (ER) from earthquakes requires significant broadband corrections for path and site effects. Moreover, source radiation pattern and directivity corrections can be equally significant and also must be accounted for. Regional studies have used a number of different methods, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. These methods include: integration of squared shear wave moment-rate spectra, direct integration of broadband velocity-squared waveforms, empirical Green's function deconvolution, and spectral ratio techniques. The later two approaches have gained popularity because adjacent or co-located events recorded at common stations have shared path and site effects, which therefore cancel. In spite of this, a number of such studies find very large amplitude variance across a network of stations. In this paper we test the extent to which narrowband coda envelopes can improve upon the traditional spectral ratio using direct phases, allowing a better comparison with theoretical models to investigate similarity. The motivation for using the coda is its stability relative to direct waves and its unique property of spatially homogenizing its energy. The local and regional coda is virtually insensitive to lateral crustal heterogeneity and source radiation pattern, and the use of the coda might allow for more stable amplitude ratios to better constrain source differences between event pairs. We first compared amplitude ratio performance between local and near-regional S and coda waves in the San Francisco Bay region for moderate-sized events, then applied the coda spectral ratio method to the 1999 Hector Mine mainshock and some of its larger aftershocks. We find: (1) Average amplitude ratio standard deviations using coda are {approx}0.05 to 0.12, roughly a factor of 3 smaller than direct S-waves for 0.2 < f < 15.0 Hz; (2) Coda spectral ratios for the M{sub w} 7.1 Hector Mine earthquake and its aftershocks show a clear departure from self-similarity, consistent with other studies using the same datasets; (3) Event-pairs (Green's function and target events) can be separated by as much as {approx}25 km for coda amplitudes without any appreciable degradation, in sharp contrast to direct waves.