National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for time domain reflectometry

  1. Time Domain Reflectometry Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palermo, Sam

    Time Domain Reflectometry Theory Application Note 1304-2 For Use with Agilent 86100 Infiniium DCA #12;2 The most general approach to evaluating the time domain response of any electromagnetic system a concise presentation of the fundamentals of TDR and then relates these fundamentals to the parameters

  2. TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    1 TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS By: J. A. Kuhn1 and J. G. Zornberg for use in highly plastic clay. The clay used for experimentation was taken locally from the Eagle Ford Ford Clay is determined. INTRODUCTION The progression of wetting and drying fronts in highly plastic

  3. Time-domain reflectometry (TDR) in geotechnics: A review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benson, C.H.; Bosscher, P.J.

    1999-07-01

    Time-domain reflectometry (TDR) is an electromagnetic geophysical technique used in the geosciences to measure water content of unfrozen and frozen soils and concentrations of inorganic solutes. In geotechnical and geological engineering, TDR is used for the same purposes, and also to measure frost depths, water levels, and displacements in soil and rock. Nevertheless, geo-engineers use TDR far less frequently than geo-scientists, primarily because they are unfamiliar with the technology. One purpose of this paper is to explain in practical terms how TDR is used in geo-engineering in each of the aforementioned applications. These descriptions reference the important publications in the literature. Another purpose is to share some of the authors' practical experience using TDR in the field.

  4. Time Domain Reflectometry Surface Reflections for Dielectric Constant in Highly Conductive Soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowack, Robert L.

    Time Domain Reflectometry Surface Reflections for Dielectric Constant in Highly Conductive Soils reflectometry TDR mea- surement in highly conductive soils. It makes use of information contained in the TDR signal from the reflection at the surface of the soil rather than the reflection from the end

  5. Cable Damage Detection System and Algorithms Using Time Domain Reflectometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, G A; Robbins, C L; Wade, K A; Souza, P R

    2009-03-24

    This report describes the hardware system and the set of algorithms we have developed for detecting damage in cables for the Advanced Development and Process Technologies (ADAPT) Program. This program is part of the W80 Life Extension Program (LEP). The system could be generalized for application to other systems in the future. Critical cables can undergo various types of damage (e.g. short circuits, open circuits, punctures, compression) that manifest as changes in the dielectric/impedance properties of the cables. For our specific problem, only one end of the cable is accessible, and no exemplars of actual damage are available. This work addresses the detection of dielectric/impedance anomalies in transient time domain reflectometry (TDR) measurements on the cables. The approach is to interrogate the cable using time domain reflectometry (TDR) techniques, in which a known pulse is inserted into the cable, and reflections from the cable are measured. The key operating principle is that any important cable damage will manifest itself as an electrical impedance discontinuity that can be measured in the TDR response signal. Machine learning classification algorithms are effectively eliminated from consideration, because only a small number of cables is available for testing; so a sufficient sample size is not attainable. Nonetheless, a key requirement is to achieve very high probability of detection and very low probability of false alarm. The approach is to compare TDR signals from possibly damaged cables to signals or an empirical model derived from reference cables that are known to be undamaged. This requires that the TDR signals are reasonably repeatable from test to test on the same cable, and from cable to cable. Empirical studies show that the repeatability issue is the 'long pole in the tent' for damage detection, because it is has been difficult to achieve reasonable repeatability. This one factor dominated the project. The two-step model-based approach is summarized as follows: Step 1, Cable Modeling: Given input-output TDR signals s(n) and x{sub U}(n) for a cable known to be free of damage, system identification algorithms are used to compute a dynamic prediction-error cable model that has output {cflx x}{sub U}(n). The model is declared valid when the innovations e{sub U}(n) = x{sub U}(n) {cflx x}{sub U}(n) satisfy a statistical zero-mean whiteness test. This validated model output is then used as a known reference to which other cables can be compared. Step 2, Cable Testing: The TDR output signal x{sub D}(n) from a cable under test is compared with the model output {cflx x}{sub U}(n) by computing the innovations e{sub D}(n) = x{sub D}(n) {cflx x}{sub U}(n). The innovations are tested using a short-term whiteness test statistic, which employs a statistical confidence interval. If the cable passes the test, this implies that the model is valid and the cable is declared undamaged. If the cable fails the test, this indicates a model mismatch, which means that the cable's dielectric properties have changed; and this implies that the cable is damaged. The test threshold is adjusted to maximize probability of detection and minimize probability of false alarm according to an empirically determined receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. An associated confidence interval on the probability of correct classification is also provided. The effectiveness of the algorithm is demonstrated using measured TDR signals for undamaged and damaged cables. Experimental and algorithmic methods for coping with repeatability issues are presented. The model-based damage detection algorithms have been shown to perform well for some representative examples of real TDR signals acquired using the two-dimensional (2D) mockup fixture. If the damage causes a short circuit, then damage detection performance is generally good to excellent. Examples include the cases demonstrated in this report for cuts and pinholes. If the damage does not cause a short circuit, then damage detection performance is generally poor to fair. Examples include

  6. Signal statistics of phase dependent optical time domain reflectometry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wojcik, Aleksander Karol

    2007-04-25

    The statistics of the phase dependent optical time-domain reflectometer have been analyzed. The optical fiber is modeled by the use of a discrete set of reflectors positioned randomly along the fiber. The statistics of the ...

  7. Method and apparatus for monitoring the integrity of a geomembrane liner using time domain reflectometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morrison, John L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2001-04-24

    Leaks are detected in a multi-layered geomembrane liner by a two-dimensional time domain reflectometry (TDR) technique. The TDR geomembrane liner is constructed with an electrically conductive detection layer positioned between two electrically non-conductive dielectric layers, which are each positioned between the detection layer and an electrically conductive reference layer. The integrity of the TDR geomembrane liner is determined by generating electrical pulses within the detection layer and measuring the time delay for any reflected electrical energy caused by absorption of moisture by a dielectric layer.

  8. Time-Domain Reflectometry for Tamper Indication in Unattended Monitoring Systems for Safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tedeschi, Jonathan R.; Smith, Leon E.; Moore, David E.; Sheen, David M.; Conrad, Ryan C.

    2014-12-17

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) continues to expand its use of unattended, remotely monitored measurement systems. An increasing number of systems and an expanding family of instruments create challenges in terms of deployment efficiency and the implementation of data authentication measures. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) leads a collaboration that is exploring various tamper-indicating (TI) measures that could help to address some of the long-standing detector and data-transmission authentication challenges with IAEA’s unattended systems. PNNL is investigating the viability of active time-domain reflectometry (TDR) along two parallel but interconnected paths: (1) swept-frequency TDR as the highly flexible, laboratory gold standard to which field-deployable options can be compared, and (2) a low-cost commercially available spread-spectrum TDR technology as one option for field implementation. This report describes PNNL’s progress and preliminary findings from the first year of the study, and describes the path forward.

  9. Errors in determination of soil water content using time-domain reflectometry caused by soil compaction around wave guides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghezzehei, T.A.

    2008-05-29

    Application of time domain reflectometry (TDR) in soil hydrology often involves the conversion of TDR-measured dielectric permittivity to water content using universal calibration equations (empirical or physically based). Deviations of soil-specific calibrations from the universal calibrations have been noted and are usually attributed to peculiar composition of soil constituents, such as high content of clay and/or organic matter. Although it is recognized that soil disturbance by TDR waveguides may have impact on measurement errors, to our knowledge, there has not been any quantification of this effect. In this paper, we introduce a method that estimates this error by combining two models: one that describes soil compaction around cylindrical objects and another that translates change in bulk density to evolution of soil water retention characteristics. Our analysis indicates that the compaction pattern depends on the mechanical properties of the soil at the time of installation. The relative error in water content measurement depends on the compaction pattern as well as the water content and water retention properties of the soil. Illustrative calculations based on measured soil mechanical and hydrologic properties from the literature indicate that the measurement errors of using a standard three-prong TDR waveguide could be up to 10%. We also show that the error scales linearly with the ratio of rod radius to the interradius spacing.

  10. 217 km long distance photon-counting optical time-domain reflectometry based on ultra-low noise up-conversion single photon detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo-Liang Shentu; Qi-Chao Sun; Xiao Jiang; Xiao-Dong Wang; Jason S. Pelc; M. M. Fejer; Qiang Zhang; Jian-Wei Pan

    2013-08-05

    We demonstrate a photon-counting optical time-domain reflectometry with 42.19 dB dynamic range using an ultra-low noise up-conversion single photon detector. By employing the long wave pump technique and a volume Bragg grating, we reduce the noise of our up-conversion single photon detector, and achieve a noise equivalent power of -139.7 dBm/sqrt(Hz). We perform the OTDR experiments using a fiber of length 216.95 km, and show that our system can identify defects along the entire fiber length with a distance resolution better than 10 cm in a measurement time of 13 minutes.

  11. Optical coherence domain reflectometry guidewire

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Colston, Billy W. (Livermore, CA); Everett, Matthew (Pleasanton, CA); Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA)

    2001-01-01

    A guidewire with optical sensing capabilities is based on a multiplexed optical coherence domain reflectometer (OCDR), which allows it to sense location, thickness, and structure of the arterial walls or other intra-cavity regions as it travels through the body during minimally invasive medical procedures. This information will be used both to direct the guidewire through the body by detecting vascular junctions and to evaluate the nearby tissue. The guidewire contains multiple optical fibers which couple light from the proximal to distal end. Light from the fibers at the distal end of the guidewire is directed onto interior cavity walls via small diameter optics such as gradient index lenses and mirrored corner cubes. Both forward viewing and side viewing fibers can be included. The light reflected or scattered from the cavity walls is then collected by the fibers, which are multiplexed at the proximal end to the sample arm of an optical low coherence reflectometer. The guidewire can also be used in nonmedical applications.

  12. Birefringence insensitive optical coherence domain reflectometry system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Everett, Matthew J. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Joseph G. (Lafayette, CA)

    2002-01-01

    A birefringence insensitive fiber optic optical coherence domain reflectometry (OCDR) system is provided containing non-polarization maintaining (non-PM) fiber in the sample arm and the reference arm without suffering from signal degradation caused by birefringence. The use of non-PM fiber significantly reduces the cost of the OCDR system and provides a disposable or multiplexed section of the sample arm. The dispersion in the reference arm and sample arm of the OCDR system are matched to achieve high resolution imaging. This system is useful in medical applications or for non-medical in situ probes. The disposable section of non-PM fiber in the sample arm can be conveniently replaced when contaminated by a sample or a patient.

  13. Photon-counting Brillouin optical time-domain reflectometry based on up-conversion detector and fiber Fabry-Perot scanning interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haiyun Xia; Mingjia Shangguan; Guoliang Shentu; Chong Wang; Jiawei Qiu; Xiuxiu Xia; Chao Chen; Mingyang Zheng; Xiuping Xie; Qiang Zhang; Xiankang Dou; Jianwei Pan

    2015-04-06

    A direct-detection Brillouin optical time-domain reflectometry (BOTDR) is proposed and demonstrated by using an up-conversion single-photon detector and a fiber Fabry-Perot scanning interferometer (FFP-SI). Taking advantage of high signal-to-noise ratio of the detector and high spectrum resolution of the FFP-SI, the Brillouin spectrum along a polarization maintaining fiber (PMF) is recorded on a multiscaler with a small data size directly. In contrast with conventional BOTDR adopting coherent detection, photon-counting BOTDR is simpler in structure and easier in data processing. In the demonstration experiment, characteristic parameters of the Brillouin spectrum including its power, spectral width and frequency center are analyzed simultaneously along a 10 km PMF at different temperature and stain conditions.

  14. Catheter guided by optical coherence domain reflectometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Everett, Matthew (Pleasanton, CA); Colston, Billy W. (Livermore, CA); Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA)

    2002-01-01

    A guidance and viewing system based on multiplexed optical coherence domain reflectometry is incorporated into a catheter, endoscope, or other medical device to measure the location, thickness, and structure of the arterial walls or other intra-cavity regions at discrete points on the medical device during minimally invasive medical procedures. The information will be used both to guide the device through the body and to evaluate the tissue through which the device is being passed. Multiple optical fibers are situated along the circumference of the device. Light from the distal end of each fiber is directed onto the interior cavity walls via small diameter optics (such as gradient index lenses and mirrored corner cubes). Both forward viewing and side viewing fibers can be included. The light reflected or scattered from the cavity walls is then collected by the fibers and multiplexed at the proximal end to the sample arm of an optical low coherence reflectometer. The system may also be implemented in a nonmedical inspection device.

  15. An evaluation of hydrologic, geotechnical, and chemical behavior of processed oil shale solid waste 2; The use of time domain reflectometry (TDR) for monitoring in-situ volumetric water content in processed oil shale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeves, T.L.; Elgezawi, S.M. (Wyoming Univ., Laramie, WY (USA). Dept. of Civil Engineering); Kaser, T.G. (GIGO Computer and Electronic, Laramie, WY (US))

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes the use of time domain reflectometry (TDR) for monitoring volumetric water contents in processed oil shale solid waste. TDR measures soil water content via a correlation between the dielectric constant (K) of the 3 phase (soil-water-air) system and the volumetric water content ({theta}{sub v}). An extensive bench top research program has been conducted to evaluate and verify the use of this technique in processed oil shale solid waste. This study utilizes columns of processed oil shale packed to known densities and varying water contents and compares the columetric water content measured via TDR and the volumetric water content measured through gravimetric determination.

  16. Photon-counting optical coherence-domain reflectometry using superconducting single-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teich, Malvin C.

    Photon-counting optical coherence-domain reflectometry using superconducting single- photon reflecting samples. In particular, we experimentally demonstrate the possibility of using superconducting. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, "Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single

  17. Plasma diagnostic reflectometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, B.I.; Afeyan, B.B.; Garrison, J.C.; Kaiser, T.B.; Luhmann, N.C. Jr.; Domier, C.W.; Chou, A.E.; Baang, S.

    1996-02-26

    Theoretical and experimental studies of plasma diagnostic reflectometry have been undertaken as a collaborative research project between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the University of California Department of Applied Science Plasma Diagnostics Group under the auspices of the Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program at LLNL. Theoretical analyses have explored the basic principles of reflectometry to understand its limitations, to address specific gaps in the understanding of reflectometry measurements in laboratory experiments, and to explore extensions of reflectometry such as ultra-short-pulse reflectometry. The theory has supported basic laboratory reflectometry experiments where reflectometry measurements can be corroborated by independent diagnostic measurements.

  18. Time domain electromagnetic metal detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoekstra, P.

    1996-04-01

    This presentation focuses on illustrating by case histories the range of applications and limitations of time domain electromagnetic (TDEM) systems for buried metal detection. Advantages claimed for TDEM metal detectors are: independent of instrument response (Geonics EM61) to surrounding soil and rock type; simple anomaly shape; mitigation of interference by ambient electromagnetic noise; and responsive to both ferrous and non-ferrous metallic targets. The data in all case histories to be presented were acquired with the Geonics EM61 TDEM system. Case histories are a test bed site on Molokai, Hawaii; Fort Monroe, Virginia; and USDOE, Rocky Flats Plant. The present limitations of this technology are: discrimination capabilities in terms of type of ordnance, and depth of burial is limited, and ability of resolving targets with small metallic ambient needs to be improved.

  19. Application of time-domain reflectometry to subsidence monitoring. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, R.A.; Dowding, C.H.; Mehnert, B.B.; O'Connor, K.; Van Roosendaal, D.J.

    1991-01-01

    The report describes how reflected voltage pulses from coaxial antenna cable grouted in rock masses can be employed to quantify the type and magnitude of rock mass deformation (movements) during abandoned mine subsidence events. The cable signal generated can differentiate between both extension and shear deformation. It performs the same task as a combined full profile extensometer (to measure local extension) and inclinometer (to measure local shearing). Rock mass movements locally deform the grouted cable, which changes cable capacitance and thereby the reflected wave form of an induced voltage pulse. By monitoring changes in these reflected signatures, it is possible to monitor rock mass deformation. The project encompassed two sequential phases of work. First, laboratory determinations were made to quantify signal changes with shear and tensile cable deformation, and to select cable diameter and grout mix. Secondly, field installation and monitoring procedures were tested at two active planned subsidence mining operations and over one abandoned mine with an active subsidence event. The paper also develops the electromagnetic wave theory necessary to quantitatively relate changes in cable geometry to changes in reflected voltage signatures. The results of these analyses are employed to extract new information from previously collected field data and to analyze cable signature results from cables installed over the two planned subsidence mining operations and one abandoned mine.

  20. Comparing Time Domain Reflectometry and Electrical Resistivity Tomography Measurements for Estimating Soil Water Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sailhac, Pascal

    of an earth dam depending on hydraulic loads. Such continuous moisture measurements have been realised Mechanics and Rock Mechanics, Division of Embankment Dams and Landfill Technology, University of Karlsruhe 3 dams have to be observed, because of their high exposure. For this purpose, pressure gauges are used

  1. Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and Embedded NPPS Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and Embedded NPPS Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling...

  2. Development of Nonlinear SSI Time Domain Methodology

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Development of Nonlinear SSI Time Domain Methodology Justin Coleman, P.E. Nuclear Science and Technology Idaho National Laboratory October 22, 2014

  3. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Glass Mountain Area (Cumming...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Glass Mountain Area (Cumming And Mackie, 2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain...

  4. LHC RF System Time-Domain Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mastorides, T.; Rivetta, C.

    2010-09-14

    Non-linear time-domain simulations have been developed for the Positron-Electron Project (PEP-II) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). These simulations capture the dynamic behavior of the RF station-beam interaction and are structured to reproduce the technical characteristics of the system (noise contributions, non-linear elements, and more). As such, they provide useful results and insight for the development and design of future LLRF feedback systems. They are also a valuable tool for the study of diverse longitudinal beam dynamics effects such as coupled-bunch impedance driven instabilities and single bunch longitudinal emittance growth. Results from these studies and related measurements from PEP-II and LHC have been presented in multiple places. This report presents an example of the time-domain simulation implementation for the LHC.

  5. Errors in determination of soil water content using time-domain reflectometry caused by soil compaction around wave guides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghezzehei, T.A.

    2008-01-01

    as well as the water content and water retention propertiesvariations in soil-water content, Water Resources Research,eld soil. Subsequent to water content water measurement, the

  6. Errors in determination of soil water content using time-domain reflectometry caused by soil compaction around wave guides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghezzehei, T.A.

    2008-01-01

    soil bulk density and the water retention curve, Vadose ZoneA. Bruand, A conceptual model of the soil water retentioncurve, Water Resources Research, 34 (2), 223–231, 1998.

  7. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    mapping, line-loop time-domain inductive sounding, galvanic sounding, and loop-loop frequency-domain sounding. Surveys were conducted across the East Rift Zone and along the...

  8. How Swift is redefining Time Domain Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gehrels, Neil

    2015-01-01

    NASA's Swift satellite has completed ten years of amazing discoveries in time domain astronomy. Its primary mission is to chase gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), but due to its scheduling flexibility it has subsequently become a prime discovery machine for new types of behavior. The list of major discoveries in GRBs and other transients includes the long-lived X-ray afterglows and flares from GRBs, the first accurate localization of short GRBs, the discovery of GRBs at high redshift (z>8), supernova shock break-out from SN Ib, a jetted tidal disruption event, an ultra-long class of GRBs, high energy emission from flare stars, novae and supernovae with unusual characteristics, magnetars with glitches in their spin periods, and a short GRB with evidence of an accompanying kilonova. Swift has developed a dynamic synergism with ground based observatories. In a few years gravitational wave observatories will come on-line and provide exciting new transient sources for Swift to study.

  9. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Details Location Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The...

  10. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Mauna Loa Northeast Rift Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Activity Details Location Mauna Loa Northeast Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The...

  11. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Activity Details Location Hualalai Northwest Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Three...

  12. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date 1978 - 1987 Usefulness useful...

  13. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Skokan, 1974) Exploration Activity Details Location Kilauea East...

  14. MICROWAVE IMAGING REFLECTOMETRY FOR THE VISUALIZATION OF TURBULENCE IN TOKAMAKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 MICROWAVE IMAGING REFLECTOMETRY FOR THE VISUALIZATION OF TURBULENCE IN TOKAMAKS E. Mazzucato of density fluctuations in tokamaks. The proposed method is based on microwave reflectometry and consists are discussed. Key words: Tokamak, anomalous transport, turbulent fluctuations, microwave imaging reflectometry

  15. A time and frequency domain analysis of contrarian trading strategies/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Shomesh E

    2014-01-01

    This thesis applies time and frequency domain analyses to a high-frequency market making strategy to study the profitability of liquidity provision over multiple time horizons from 1964 to 2013. Using daily returns and ...

  16. Time delay measurement in the frequency domain

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Durbin, Stephen M.; Liu, Shih -Chieh; Dufresne, Eric M.; Li, Yuelin; Wen, Haidan

    2015-08-06

    Pump–probe studies at synchrotrons using X-ray and laser pulses require accurate determination of the time delay between pulses. This becomes especially important when observing ultrafast responses with lifetimes approaching or even less than the X-ray pulse duration (~100 ps). The standard approach of inspecting the time response of a detector sensitive to both types of pulses can have limitations due to dissimilar pulse profiles and other experimental factors. Here, a simple alternative is presented, where the frequency response of the detector is monitored versus time delay. Measurements readily demonstrate a time resolution of ~1 ps. Improved precision is possible bymore »simply extending the data acquisition time.« less

  17. Frequency domain and time domain analysis of thermoacoustic oscillations with wave-based acoustics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orchini, A.; Illingworth, S. J.; Juniper, M. P.

    2015-05-14

    Many thermoacoustic systems exhibit rich nonlinear behaviour. Recent studies show that this nonlinear dynamics can be well captured by low-order time domain models that couple a level set kinematic model for a laminar flame, the G-equation, with a...

  18. Time Domain Maxwell Equations Solved with Schwarz Waveform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gander, Martin J.

    with Dirichlet boundary conditions and was analyzed for the heat equation by Gander and Stuart [1998]. Giladi transmission conditions for the time domain Maxwell equations is given by -tEi,n + Ã? Hi,n - Ei,n = J, i is called the characteristic transmission condition, establishes how the subdomains communicate with each

  19. Assignment 3 Objective: Signal processing through simple time domain operations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naik, Naren

    Assignment 3 Objective: Signal processing through simple time domain operations. Part 1 : Q1. Play millisecond and alpha = 0.2 . Compare your output with signal generated by an audio processing software. Audacity Software: It is a open source software to do basic signal processing operations over audio

  20. Time Domain Partitioning of Electricity Production Cost Simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrows, C.; Hummon, M.; Jones, W.; Hale, E.

    2014-01-01

    Production cost models are often used for planning by simulating power system operations over long time horizons. The simulation of a day-ahead energy market can take several weeks to compute. Tractability improvements are often made through model simplifications, such as: reductions in transmission modeling detail, relaxation of commitment variable integrality, reductions in cost modeling detail, etc. One common simplification is to partition the simulation horizon so that weekly or monthly horizons can be simulated in parallel. However, horizon partitions are often executed with overlap periods of arbitrary and sometimes zero length. We calculate the time domain persistence of historical unit commitment decisions to inform time domain partitioning of production cost models. The results are implemented using PLEXOS production cost modeling software in an HPC environment to improve the computation time of simulations while maintaining solution integrity.

  1. Microwave imaging reflectometry for the visualization of turbulence in tokamaks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzucato, Ernesto

    Microwave imaging reflectometry for the visualization of turbulence in tokamaks E. Mazzucato describes the results of an extensive numerical study of microwave reflectometry in tokamaks showing scheme for the global visualization of turbulent fluctuations in tokamaks is described. 1. Introduction

  2. Time Domain Continuous Imaging TIME DOMAIN CONTINUOUS IMAGING doesn't sound like

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

    the scene with skewed timing and exposure settings. Our 3D-printed array camera at SC14 coordinates four

  3. Characterization of Cardio signals by time-frequency domain analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayan Mukherjee; Sanjay Kumar Palit; Santo Banerjee; MRK Ariffin; Lamberto Rondoni; Dilip Kumar Bhattacharya

    2014-09-04

    Long term behavior of nonlinear deterministic continuous time signals can be studied in terms of their reconstructed attractors. Reconstructed attractors of a continuous signal are meant to be topologically equivalent representations of the dynamics of the unknown dynamical system which generates the signal. Sometimes, geometry of the attractor or its complexity may give important information on the system of interest. However, if the trajectories of the attractor behave as if they are not coming from continuous system or there exists many spike like structures on the path of the system trajectories, then there is no way to characterize the shape of the attractor. In this article, the traditional attractor reconstruction method is first used for two types of ECG signals: Normal healthy persons (NHP) and Congestive Heart failure patients (CHFP). As common in such a framework, the reconstructed attractors are not at all well formed and hence it is not possible to adequately characterize their geometrical features. Thus, we incorporate frequency domain information to the given time signals. This is done by transforming the signals to a time frequency domain by means of suitable Wavelet transforms (WT). The transformed signal concerns two non homogeneous variables and is still quite difficult to use to reconstruct some dynamics out of it. By applying a suitable mapping, this signal is further converted into integer domain and a new type of 3D plot, called integer lag plot, which characterizes and distinguishes the ECG signals of NHP and CHFP, is finally obtained.

  4. A Time Domain Waveform for Testing General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cédric Huwyler; Edward K. Porter; Philippe Jetzer

    2014-10-24

    Gravitational-wave parameter estimation is only as good as the theory the waveform generation models are based upon. It is therefore crucial to test General Relativity (GR) once data becomes available. Many previous works, such as studies connected with the ppE framework by Yunes and Pretorius, rely on the stationary phase approximation (SPA) to model deviations from GR in the frequency domain. As Fast Fourier Transform algorithms have become considerably faster and in order to circumvent possible problems with the SPA, we test GR with corrected time domain waveforms instead of SPA waveforms. Since a considerable amount of work has been done already in the field using SPA waveforms, we establish a connection between leading-order-corrected waveforms in time and frequency domain, concentrating on phase-only corrected terms. In a Markov Chain Monte Carlo study, whose results are preliminary and will only be available later, we will assess the ability of the eLISA detector to measure deviations from GR for signals coming from supermassive black hole inspirals using these corrected waveforms.

  5. Time-domain simulation of nonlinear radiofrequency phenomena

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, Thomas G.; Austin, Travis M.; Smithe, David N.; Loverich, John [Tech-X Corporation, 5621 Arapahoe Avenue, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Hakim, Ammar H. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

    2013-01-15

    Nonlinear effects associated with the physics of radiofrequency wave propagation through a plasma are investigated numerically in the time domain, using both fluid and particle-in-cell (PIC) methods. We find favorable comparisons between parametric decay instability scenarios observed on the Alcator C-MOD experiment [J. C. Rost, M. Porkolab, and R. L. Boivin, Phys. Plasmas 9, 1262 (2002)] and PIC models. The capability of fluid models to capture important nonlinear effects characteristic of wave-plasma interaction (frequency doubling, cyclotron resonant absorption) is also demonstrated.

  6. Opening the 100-Year Window for Time Domain Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grindlay, Jonathan; Los, Edward; Servillat, Mathieu

    2012-01-01

    The large-scale surveys such as PTF, CRTS and Pan-STARRS-1 that have emerged within the past 5 years or so employ digital databases and modern analysis tools to accentuate research into Time Domain Astronomy (TDA). Preparations are underway for LSST which, in another 6 years, will usher in the second decade of modern TDA. By that time the Digital Access to a Sky Century @ Harvard (DASCH) project will have made available to the community the full sky Historical TDA database and digitized images for a century (1890--1990) of coverage. We describe the current DASCH development and some initial results, and outline plans for the "production scanning" phase and data distribution which is to begin in 2012. That will open a 100-year window into temporal astrophysics, revealing rare transients and (especially) astrophysical phenomena that vary on time-scales of a decade. It will also provide context and archival comparisons for the deeper modern surveys

  7. Uncertainty in terahertz time-domain spectroscopy measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Withayachumnankul, Withawat; Fischer, Bernd M.; Lin Hungyen; Abbott, Derek

    2008-06-15

    Measurements of optical constants at terahertz--or T-ray--frequencies have been performed extensively using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). Spectrometers, together with physical models explaining the interaction between a sample and T-ray radiation, are progressively being developed. Nevertheless, measurement errors in the optical constants, so far, have not been systematically analyzed. This situation calls for a comprehensive analysis of measurement uncertainty in THz-TDS systems. The sources of error existing in a terahertz spectrometer and throughout the parameter estimation process are identified. The analysis herein quantifies the impact of each source on the output optical constants. The resulting analytical model is evaluated against experimental THz-TDS data.

  8. Time-domain studies of gravitationally lensed quasars (GLQs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goicoechea, Luis J

    2012-01-01

    We present the overview and current results of an ongoing optical/NIR monitoring of seven GLQs with the 2-m Liverpool Robotic Telescope. The photometric data over the first seven years of this programme (2005-2011) are leading to high-quality light curves, which in turn are being used as key tools for different standard and novel studies. While brightness records of non-lensed distant quasars may contain unrecognized extrinsic variations, one can disentangle intrinsic from extrinsic signal in certain GLQs. Thus, some GLQs in our sample allow us to assess their extrinsic and intrinsic variations, as well as to discuss the origin of both kinds of fluctuations. We also demonstrate the usefulness of GLQ time-domain data to obtain successful reverberation maps of inner regions of accretion disks around distant supermassive black holes, and to estimate redshifts of distant lensing galaxies.

  9. Time domain half-space dyadic Green's functions for eddy-current calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowler, John R.

    Time domain half-space dyadic Green's functions for eddy-current calculations J. R. Bowlera) Centre American Institute of Physics. S0021-8979 99 08422-4 I. TIME DOMAIN INTERACTION The calculation of eddy-current-domain eddy-current scattering problems for cases in which a scat- terer is embedded in an otherwise

  10. THz time-domain spectroscopy for tokamak plasma diagnostics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Causa, F.; Zerbini, M.; Buratti, P.; Gabellieri, L.; Pacella, D.; Romano, A.; Tuccillo, A. A.; Tudisco, O. [ASSOCIAZIONE EURATOM ENEA sulla Fusione, C. R. Frascati, via E. Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati (Roma) (Italy); Johnston, M. [Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Doria, A.; Gallerano, G. P.; Giovenale, E. [ENEA C.R. Frascati UTAPRAD, via E. Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati (Roma) (Italy)

    2014-08-21

    The technology is now becoming mature for diagnostics using large portions of the electromagnetic spectrum simultaneously, in the form of THz pulses. THz radiation-based techniques have become feasible for a variety of applications, e.g., spectroscopy, imaging for security, medicine and pharmaceutical industry. In particular, time-domain spectroscopy (TDS) is now being used also for plasma diagnostics in various fields of application. This technique is promising also for plasmas for fusion applications, where plasma characteristics are non-uniform and/or evolve during the discharge This is because THz pulses produced with femtosecond mode-locked lasers conveniently span the spectrum above and below the plasma frequency and, thus, can be used as very sensitive and versatile probes of widely varying plasma parameters. The short pulse duration permits time resolving plasma characteristics while the large frequency span permits a large dynamic range. The focus of this work is to present preliminary experimental and simulation results demonstrating that THz TDS can be realistically adapted as a versatile tokamak plasma diagnostic technique.

  11. Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    charlotb

    2010-08-31

    Fish. Dog. Chicken. Shark. Man. Tiger. Dog. Domain. Correspondence. Range. 3. Members of a an instrument the a set of. Rock Band member can play.

  12. MICROWAVE IMAGING REFLECTOMETRY FOR THE VISUALIZATION OF TURBULENCE IN TOKAMAKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 MICROWAVE IMAGING REFLECTOMETRY FOR THE VISUALIZATION OF TURBULENCE IN TOKAMAKS E. Mazzucato of density fluctuations in tokamaks. The proposed method is based on microwave reflectometry and consists, and forming an image of the reflecting plasma layer onto a 2D array of microwave receivers. Based on results

  13. Acoustic And Elastic Reverse-Time Migration: Novel Angle-Domain Imaging Conditions And Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Rui

    2013-01-01

    S. Wu, 1996, Prestack depth migration with acoustic screenN. D. , 1983, Iterative depth migration by backward time1355. ——–, 2003, Prestack depth migration in angle-domain

  14. Finite-difference time-domain simulation of fusion plasmas at radiofrequency time scales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smithe, David N. [Tech-X Corporation, 5621 Arapahoe Avenue, Suite A, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States)

    2007-05-15

    Simulation of dense plasmas in the radiofrequency range are typically performed in the frequency domain, i.e., by solving Laplace-transformed Maxwell's equations. This technique is well-suited for the study of linear heating and quasilinear evolution, but does not generalize well to the study of nonlinear phenomena. Conversely, time-domain simulation in this range is difficult because the time scale is long compared to the electron plasma wave period, and in addition, the various cutoff and resonance behaviors within the plasma insure that any explicit finite-difference scheme would be numerically unstable. To resolve this dilemma, explicit finite-difference Maxwell terms are maintained, but a carefully time-centered locally implicit method is introduced to treat the plasma current, such that all linear plasma dispersion behavior is faithfully reproduced at the available temporal and spatial resolution, despite the fact that the simulation time step may exceed the electron gyro and electron plasma time scales by orders of magnitude. Demonstrations are presented of the method for several classical benchmarks, including mode conversion to ion cyclotron wave, cyclotron resonance, propagation into a plasma-wave cutoff, and tunneling through low-density edge plasma.

  15. Holographic imaging based on time-domain data of natural-fiber-containing materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bunch, Kyle J.; McMakin, Douglas L.

    2012-09-04

    Methods and apparatuses for imaging material properties in natural-fiber-containing materials can utilize time-domain data. In particular, images can be constructed that provide quantified measures of localized moisture content. For example, one or more antennas and at least one transceiver can be configured to collect time-domain data from radiation interacting with the natural-fiber-containing materials. The antennas and the transceivers are configured to transmit and receive electromagnetic radiation at one or more frequencies, which are between 50 MHz and 1 THz, according to a time-domain impulse function. A computing device is configured to transform the time-domain data to frequency-domain data, to apply a synthetic imaging algorithm for constructing a three-dimensional image of the natural-fiber-containing materials, and to provide a quantified measure of localized moisture content based on a pre-determined correlation of moisture content to frequency-domain data.

  16. Time domain analog circuit simulation J.G. Fijnvandraat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    of circuits in the electronics industry. Keywords: transient analysis, modified nodal analysis, differential be applied such as DC or steady­state anal­ ysis, Transient Analysis, AC­analysis (linear frequency domain analysis, after linearization around a DC­solution), Noise Analysis, Harmonic Balance (non­linear frequency

  17. Time domain analog circuit simulation J.G. Fijnvandraat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    of circuits in the electronics industry. Keywords: transient analysis, modified nodal analysis, differential be applied such as DC or steady-state anal- ysis, Transient Analysis, AC-analysis (linear frequency domain analysis, after linearization around a DC-solution), Noise Analysis, Harmonic Balance (non-linear frequency

  18. Fourier information optics for the ultrafast time domain Andrew M. Weiner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purdue University

    Fourier information optics for the ultrafast time domain Andrew M. Weiner School of Electrical); published 26 November 2007 Ultrafast photonic signal processing based on Fourier optics principles offers of ultrafast optical signals via conversion between time, space, and optical frequency (Fourier) domains

  19. An Efficient GPU-based Time Domain Solver for the Acoustic Wave Equation Ravish Mehraa,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    An Efficient GPU-based Time Domain Solver for the Acoustic Wave Equation Ravish Mehraa,1 , Nikunj of the acoustic wave equation for the purpose of room acoustics is presented. It is based on adaptive rectangular. Keywords: Time-domain wave equation solver, Room acoustics, GPU-based algorithms. 1. Introduction

  20. Investigating the effect of data quality on time domain electromagnetic discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Douglas W.

    Investigating the effect of data quality on time domain electromagnetic discrimination Sean E simulations we investigate the effect of data quality on time domain electromagnetic discrimination. Data. For dipole model based discrimination algorithms, success is contingent upon the accuracy with which

  1. A Cross-Domain System Architecture for Embedded Hard Real-Time Many-Core Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungerer, Theo

    -time applications from automotive, avionic, and construction machinery domains. The aim is to execute found their way into the automotive domain. Efforts are also being made to utilize multi-core systems on the same target platform. To support timing analyzability of the applications, the applications

  2. Analysis of electron capture process in charge pumping sequence using time domain measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hori, Masahiro Watanabe, Tokinobu; Ono, Yukinori; Tsuchiya, Toshiaki

    2014-12-29

    A method for analyzing the electron capture process in the charge pumping (CP) sequence is proposed and demonstrated. The method monitors the electron current in the CP sequence in time domain. This time-domain measurements enable us to directly access the process of the electron capture to the interface defects, which are obscured in the conventional CP method. Using the time-domain measurements, the rise time dependence of the capture process is systematically investigated. We formulate the capture process based on the rate equation and derive an analytic form of the current due to the electron capture to the defects. Based on the formula, the experimental data are analyzed and the capture cross section is obtained. In addition, the time-domain data unveil that the electron capture process completes before the electron channel opens, or below the threshold voltage in a low frequency range of the pulse.

  3. Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and Embedded NPPS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and Embedded NPPS Boris Jeremic with contributions from Federico Pisanò, Jose Abell, Kohei Watanabe, Chao Luo University of California, Davis Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley DOE NPH, October 2014

  4. Power Angle & Time Domain Plots 1.0 The powerangle curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    1 Power Angle & Time Domain Plots 1.0 The powerangle curves Consider a generator connected, synchronous reference, is relative speed and is zero if m=R. Now we move through the sequence

  5. A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Dissertation: A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the...

  6. Real-time discrimination of spectra by time-domain adaptive filtering in a Fourier transform interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, David A. B.

    Real-time discrimination of spectra by time-domain adaptive filtering in a Fourier transform discrimination system with minimal data extraction and processing, insensitive to scan nonlinearities. We demonstrate real-time discrimination of monochromatic sources 30 nm apart, employing a spectrometer

  7. An Energy Efficient Asynchronous Time-Domain Comparator 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Yang

    2013-04-26

    In energy-limited applications, such as wearable battery powered systems and implantable circuits for biological applications, ultra-low power analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) are essential for sustaining long time operation. As a fundamental...

  8. Thermoacoustic instability - a dynamical system and time domain analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayadi, Taraneh; Schmid, Peter; Richecoeur, Franck; Massot, Marc

    2013-01-01

    This study focuses on the Rijke tube problem, which includes features relevant to the modeling of thermoacoustic coupling in reactive flows: a compact acoustic source, an empirical model for the heat source, and nonlinearities. This system features both linear and nonlinear flow regimes with complex dynamical behavior. In order to synthesize accurate time-series, we tackle this problem from a numerical point-of-view, and start by proposing a dedicated solver designed for dealing with the underlying stiffness, in particular, the retarded time and the discontinuity at the location of the heat source. Stability analysis is performed on the limit of the low amplitude perturbations by means of the projection method proposed by Jarlebring (2008), which alleviates the linearization of the retarded term. The results are then compared to the analytical solution of the undamped system, in addition to the analysis based on Galerkin projection. The method provides insight into the consequence of the simplification due to...

  9. Dynamics of spintronic materials: Exploration in the time and frequency domain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zabel, Hartmut

    2014-12-14

    X-ray and neutron reflectivity are mature experimental techniques for the exploration of film thicknesses and interface roughnesses on the nanoscale. Combining with photon and neutron polarization, these methods can be carried forward to the analysis of magnetic thin films and magnetic domain structures. New opportunities open up when these methods are used either in the time or in the frequency domain. Then dynamical processes can be studied such as domain oscillations, domain propagation, precession of spins, and damping effects. Two methods are discussed which have been developed recently: polarized neutron reflectivity from magnetic films in an alternating magnetic field and time resolved resonant magnetic x-ray reflectivity of the free precessional dynamics in films and multilayers.

  10. Liverpool Telescope 2: a new robotic facility for time domain astronomy in 2020+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copperwheat, C M; Bates, S D; Smith, R J; Bode, M F; Baker, I; Peacocke, T; Thomson, K

    2014-01-01

    The robotic 2m Liverpool Telescope, based on the Canary island of La Palma, has a diverse instrument suite and a strong track record in time domain science, with highlights including early time photometry and spectra of supernovae, measurements of the polarization of gamma-ray burst afterglows, and high cadence light curves of transiting extrasolar planets. In the next decade the time domain will become an increasingly prominent part of the astronomical agenda with new facilities such as LSST, SKA, CTA and Gaia, and promised detections of astrophysical gravitational wave and neutrino sources opening new windows on the transient universe. To capitalise on this exciting new era we intend to build Liverpool Telescope 2: a new robotic facility on La Palma dedicated to time domain science. The next generation of survey facilities will discover large numbers of new transient sources, but there will be a pressing need for follow-up observations for scientific exploitation, in particular spectroscopic follow-up. Live...

  11. A REAL-TIME SPIKE-DOMAIN SENSORY INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM Udayan Mallik1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cauwenberghs, Gert

    on the implementation of an autonomous, real-time, combined retinal/cortical system that can process video informa- tion of processing, and has advanced to very sophisticated models of retinal processing and the first layerA REAL-TIME SPIKE-DOMAIN SENSORY INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM Udayan Mallik1 , R. Jacob Vogelstein

  12. Time-domain Fatigue Response and Reliability Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nørvåg, Kjetil

    Time-domain Fatigue Response and Reliability Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines with Emphasis of offshore wind turbines Defense: 09.12.2012 2012 - : Structural Engineer in Det Norske Veritas (DNV) 2007 sector. Wind is one of the most rapidly growing renewable energy sources, as it is clean

  13. Regulation of flowering time in Arabidopsis by K homology domain proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Chentao

    Regulation of flowering time in Arabidopsis by K homology domain proteins Todd C. Mockler* , Xuhong to reproductive develop- ment in Arabidopsis is regulated by multiple floral induction pathways, including to regulate the expression of a small set of genes critical for floral initiation and different signal

  14. Time domain design of digital compensators for PWM DC-DC converters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    transformation and discretization. Digital PID controllers for a Buck and Boost type converters were implemented (via the various transformation algorithms), a digital compensator operates, in reality, in the sampledTime domain design of digital compensators for PWM DC-DC converters Mor Mordechai Peretz and Sam

  15. Damage Identification for Bridges Using Frequency and Time Domain Data Amir Ardalan Mosavi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damage Identification for Bridges Using Frequency and Time Domain Data Amir Ardalan Mosavi1 Error predictions of the ARX model x , y Standard deviations of the prediction errors DF,H , DF,D Damage Features calculated for healthy and damaged conditions of the structure f(DF,H) , g(DF,D) Probability

  16. Casimir forces in the time domain: Theory Alejandro W. Rodriguez,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casimir forces in the time domain: Theory Alejandro W. Rodriguez,1 Alexander P. McCauley,1 John D. INTRODUCTION In recent years, Casimir forces arising from quantum vacuum fluctuations of the electromagnetic/or three-dimensional problems. Second, this formulation also offers a fundamentally different viewpoint

  17. Hull/mooring/riser coupled dynamic analysis of a floating platform in time domain 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Weizhong

    2000-01-01

    Nonlinear coupled dynamic analysis of a moored truss spar in waves with collinear winds and currents is numerically carried out in the time domain and the results are compared with those from 1:61 scale experiments and a quasi-static analysis...

  18. Modeling of Large Scale RF-MEMS Circuits Using Efficient Time-Domain Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    Modeling of Large Scale RF-MEMS Circuits Using Efficient Time-Domain Techniques N. Bushyager, E Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332-0250, USA Abstract RF-MEMS design is made difficult due to the lack of tools capable of simulating both MEMS devices and their surrounding circuits

  19. TIME DOMAIN ELECTROMAGNETIC SCATTERING USING FINITE ELEMENTS AND PERFECTLY MATCHED LAYERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TIME DOMAIN ELECTROMAGNETIC SCATTERING USING FINITE ELEMENTS AND PERFECTLY MATCHED LAYERS H. T medium by a non­harmonic microwave pulse from an antenna source in free space, and we compute of the electromagnetic interrogation problems introduced in [3]. Here we use perfectly matched layers (PMLs) as absorbing

  20. TIME DOMAIN ELECTROMAGNETIC SCATTERING USING FINITE ELEMENTS AND PERFECTLY MATCHED LAYERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TIME DOMAIN ELECTROMAGNETIC SCATTERING USING FINITE ELEMENTS AND PERFECTLY MATCHED LAYERS H. T medium by a non-harmonic microwave pulse from an antenna source in free space, and we compute-dimensional version of the electromagnetic interrogation problems introduced in [3]. Here we use perfectly matched

  1. Time domain analysis of a gyrotron traveling wave amplifier with misaligned electron beam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Qiushi Peng, Shuyuan; Luo, Jirun

    2014-08-15

    This article develops a time-domain theory to study the beam-wave interaction in gyrotron traveling wave amplifier (gyro-TWA) with a misaligned electron beam. The effects of beam misalignment on the TE{sub 01} mode gyro-TWA operating at the fundamental are discussed. Numerical results show that the effect of misalignment is less obvious when the input power is larger, and the influences of misalignment on the stable gain and the stable time are basically opposite.

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 21, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2006 11 A Decoupled Time-Domain Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 21, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2006 11 A Decoupled Time-Domain Simulation Method via Invariant Subspace Partition for Power System Analysis Dan Yang, Student Member, IEEE, and Venkataramana Ajjarapu, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A decoupled method is proposed to deal with time- domain

  3. Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy Study of Silica Aerogels and Adsorbed Molecular Jiangquan Zhang and D. Grischkowsky*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy Study of Silica Aerogels and Adsorbed Molecular Vapors Jiangquan time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) study of hydrophobic and hydrophilic silica aerogels, and the adsorption of several molecular vapors in the hydrophilic silica aerogel. The hydrophobic and hydrophilic

  4. Assessment of microwave power flow for reflectometry measurements in tokamak plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourdain, P-A; Peebles, W. A.

    2008-01-01

    measurements in tokamak plasmas P. -A. Gourdain a , W. A.are widely employed in tokamak fusion plasmas, and are alsoresearch devices, such as tokamaks, microwave reflectometry

  5. Ramsey Fringes and Time-domain Multiple-Slit Interference from Vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Akkermans; Gerald V. Dunne

    2011-09-15

    Sequences of alternating-sign time-dependent electric field pulses lead to coherent interference effects in Schwinger vacuum pair production, producing a Ramsey interferometer, an all-optical time-domain realization of the multiple-slit interference effect, directly from the quantum vacuum. The interference, obeying fermionic quantum statistics, is manifest in the momentum dependence of the number of produced electrons and positrons along the linearly polarized electric field. The central value grows like $N^2$ for $N$ pulses [i.e., $N$ "slits"], and the functional form is well-described by a coherent multiple-slit expression. This behavior is generic for many driven quantum systems.

  6. Computational Efficiency of Frequency-- and Time--Domain Calculations of Extreme Mass--Ratio Binaries: Equatorial Orbits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan L. Barton; David J. Lazar; Daniel J. Kennefick; Gaurav Khanna; Lior M. Burko

    2008-04-07

    Gravitational waveforms and fluxes from extreme mass--ratio inspirals can be computed using time--domain methods with accuracy that is fast approaching that of frequency--domain methods. We study in detail the computational efficiency of these methods for equatorial orbits of fast spinning Kerr black holes, and find the number of modes needed in either method --as functions of the orbital parameters-- in order to achieve a desired accuracy level. We then estimate the total computation time and argue that for high eccentricity orbits the time--domain approach is more efficient computationally. We suggest that in practice low--$m$ modes are computed using the frequency--domain approach, and high--$m$ modes are computed using the time--domain approach, where $m$ is the azimuthal mode number.

  7. A portable time-domain LED fluorimeter for nanosecond fluorescence lifetime measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Hongtao; Salthouse, Christopher D., E-mail: salthouse@ecs.umass.edu [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States); Center for Personalized Health Monitoring, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States); Qi, Ying; Mountziaris, T. J. [Center for Personalized Health Monitoring, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States) [Center for Personalized Health Monitoring, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States); Chemical Engineering Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States)

    2014-05-15

    Fluorescence lifetime measurements are becoming increasingly important in chemical and biological research. Time-domain lifetime measurements offer fluorescence multiplexing and improved handling of interferers compared with the frequency-domain technique. In this paper, an all solid-state, filterless, and highly portable light-emitting-diode based time-domain fluorimeter (LED TDF) is reported for the measurement of nanosecond fluorescence lifetimes. LED based excitation provides more wavelengths options compared to laser diode based excitation, but the excitation is less effective due to the uncollimated beam, less optical power, and longer latency in state transition. Pulse triggering and pre-bias techniques were implemented in our LED TDF to improve the peak optical power to over 100 mW. The proposed pulsing circuit achieved an excitation light fall time of less than 2 ns. Electrical resetting technique realized a time-gated photo-detector to remove the interference of the excitation light with fluorescence. These techniques allow the LED fluorimeter to accurately measure the fluorescence lifetime of fluorescein down to concentration of 0.5 ?M. In addition, all filters required in traditional instruments are eliminated for the non-attenuated excitation/emission light power. These achievements make the reported device attractive to biochemical laboratories seeking for highly portable lifetime detection devices for developing sensors based on fluorescence lifetime changes. The device was initially validated by measuring the lifetimes of three commercial fluorophores and comparing them with reported lifetime data. It was subsequently used to characterize a ZnSe quantum dot based DNA sensor.

  8. Development of time-domain differential Raman for transient thermal probing of materials

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xu, Shen; Wang, Tianyu; Hurley, David; Yue, Yanan; Wang, Xinwei

    2015-01-01

    A novel transient thermal characterization technology is developed based on the principles of transient optical heating and Raman probing: time-domain differential Raman. It employs a square-wave modulated laser of varying duty cycle to realize controlled heating and transient thermal probing. Very well defined extension of the heating time in each measurement changes the temperature evolution profile and the probed temperature field at ?s resolution. Using this new technique, the transient thermal response of a tipless Si cantilever is investigated along the length direction. A physical model is developed to reconstruct the Raman spectrum considering the temperature evolution, while taking intomore »account the temperature dependence of the Raman emission. By fitting the variation of the normalized Raman peak intensity, wavenumber, and peak area against the heating time, the thermal diffusivity is determined as 9.17 × 10??, 8.14 × 10??, and 9.51 × 10?? m²/s. These results agree well with the reference value of 8.66 × 10?? m²/s considering the 10% fitting uncertainty. The time-domain differential Raman provides a novel way to introduce transient thermal excitation of materials, probe the thermal response, and measure the thermal diffusivity, all with high accuracy.« less

  9. Development of time-domain differential Raman for transient thermal probing of materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Shen; Wang, Tianyu; Hurley, David; Yue, Yanan; Wang, Xinwei

    2015-01-01

    A novel transient thermal characterization technology is developed based on the principles of transient optical heating and Raman probing: time-domain differential Raman. It employs a square-wave modulated laser of varying duty cycle to realize controlled heating and transient thermal probing. Very well defined extension of the heating time in each measurement changes the temperature evolution profile and the probed temperature field at ?s resolution. Using this new technique, the transient thermal response of a tipless Si cantilever is investigated along the length direction. A physical model is developed to reconstruct the Raman spectrum considering the temperature evolution, while taking into account the temperature dependence of the Raman emission. By fitting the variation of the normalized Raman peak intensity, wavenumber, and peak area against the heating time, the thermal diffusivity is determined as 9.17 × 10??, 8.14 × 10??, and 9.51 × 10?? m²/s. These results agree well with the reference value of 8.66 × 10?? m²/s considering the 10% fitting uncertainty. The time-domain differential Raman provides a novel way to introduce transient thermal excitation of materials, probe the thermal response, and measure the thermal diffusivity, all with high accuracy.

  10. A Novel Time-Domain Based Design of PWM Controllers for Switch-Mode Converters and its Implementation by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to discrete domain transformation and discretization. Digital PID controllers for a Buck and Boost type, known control transfer functions are transformed from analog (linear) into a digital equivalent using A new time-domain design method for digital controller of PWM DC-DC converters that was developed

  11. Evaluating the coherence and time-domain profile of quantum cascade laser frequency combs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burghoff, David; Yang, Yang; Hayton, Darren J.; Gao, Jian -Rong; Reno, John L.; Hu, Qing

    2015-01-01

    Recently, much attention has been focused on the generation of optical frequency combs from quantum cascade lasers. We discuss how fast detectors can be used to demonstrate the mutual coherence of such combs, and present an inequality that can be used to quantitatively evaluate their performance. We discuss several technical issues related to shifted wave interference Fourier Transform spectroscopy (SWIFTS), and show how such measurements can be used to elucidate the time-domain properties of such combs, showing that they can possess signatures of both frequency-modulation and amplitude-modulation.

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 29, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2001 911 A Time-Domain Circuit Simulator for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hae June

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 29, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2001 911 A Time-Domain Circuit, and Charles K. Birdsall, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--The Curnow equivalent circuit was used to predict

  13. Finite-difference time-domain model of lasing action in a four-level two-electron atomic system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taflove, Allen

    Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Boston: Artech House, 2000). 2. S. C. Hagness, R. M in full-wave simulations of the dynamics of both passive and active photonic systems. The most basic FDTD

  14. Transient analysis of printed lines using finite-difference time-domain method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmed, Shahid [JLAB

    2013-01-01

    Comprehensive studies of ultra-wideband pulses and electromagnetic coupling on printed coupled lines have been performed using full-wave 3D finite-difference time-domain analysis. Effects of unequal phase velocities of coupled modes, coupling between line traces, and the frequency dispersion on the waveform fidelity and crosstalk have been investigated in detail. To discriminate the contributions of different mechanisms into pulse evolution, single and coupled microstrip lines without (?r?=?1) and with (?r?>?1) dielectric substrates have been examined. To consistently compare the performance of the coupled lines with substrates of different permittivities and transients of different characteristic times, a generic metric similar to the electrical wavelength has been introduced. The features of pulse propagation on coupled lines with layered and pedestal substrates and on the irregular traces have been explored. Physical interpretations of the simulation results are discussed in the paper.

  15. Analysis of a FEM-BEM model posed on the conducting domain for the time-dependent eddy current problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Rodolfo

    Analysis of a FEM-BEM model posed on the conducting domain for the time-dependent eddy current´atica, Universidad de Concepci´on, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion, Chile. Abstract The three-dimensional eddy current time. Keywords: Boundary elements; eddy current problem; finite elements; time-dependent electromagnetic problem

  16. Time-domain sampling of x-ray pulses using an ultrafast sample response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaal, P.; Shayduk, R.; Schick, D.; Herzog, M.; Bojahr, A.; Goldshteyn, J.; Navirian, H. A.; Leitenberger, W.; Vrejoiu, I.; Khakhulin, D.; Wulff, M.; Bargheer, M.

    2012-12-10

    We employ the ultrafast response of a 15.4 nm thin SrRuO{sub 3} layer grown epitaxially on a SrTiO{sub 3} substrate to perform time-domain sampling of an x-ray pulse emitted from a synchrotron storage ring. Excitation of the sample with an ultrashort laser pulse triggers coherent expansion and compression waves in the thin layer, which turn the diffraction efficiency on and off at a fixed Bragg angle during 5 ps. This is significantly shorter than the duration of the synchrotron x-ray pulse of 100 ps. Cross-correlation measurements of the ultrafast sample response and the synchrotron x-ray pulse allow to reconstruct the x-ray pulse shape.

  17. PRODUCTION PROCESS MONITORING OF MULTILAYERED MATERIALS USING TIME-DOMAIN TERAHERTZ GAUGES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimdars, David; Duling, Irl; Fichter, Greg; White, Jeffrey

    2010-02-22

    The results of both a laboratory and factory trial of a time-domain terahertz (TD-THz) multi-layer gauge for on-line process monitoring are presented. The TD-THz gauge is demonstrated on a two layer laminated plastic insulation material. The TD-THz gauge simultaneously measured the total and the individual layer thicknesses. Measurements were made while transversely scanning across a 12 foot wide sheet extruded at high speed in a factory environment. The results were analyzed for precision, accuracy, and repeatability; and demonstrated that the TD-THz gauge performed in an equivalent or superior manner to existing ionizing radiation gauges (which measure only one layer). Many dielectric materials (e.g., plastic, rubber, paper, paint) are transparent to THz pulses, and the measurement of a wide range of samples is possible.

  18. Modeling laser-induced periodic surface structures: Finite-difference time-domain feedback simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skolski, J. Z. P., E-mail: j.z.p.skolski@utwente.nl; Vincenc Obona, J. [Materials innovation institute M2i, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Chair of Applied Laser Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands); Römer, G. R. B. E.; Huis in 't Veld, A. J. [Faculty of Engineering Technology, Chair of Applied Laser Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)

    2014-03-14

    A model predicting the formation of laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSSs) is presented. That is, the finite-difference time domain method is used to study the interaction of electromagnetic fields with rough surfaces. In this approach, the rough surface is modified by “ablation after each laser pulse,” according to the absorbed energy profile, in order to account for inter-pulse feedback mechanisms. LIPSSs with a periodicity significantly smaller than the laser wavelength are found to “grow” either parallel or orthogonal to the laser polarization. The change in orientation and periodicity follow from the model. LIPSSs with a periodicity larger than the wavelength of the laser radiation and complex superimposed LIPSS patterns are also predicted by the model.

  19. Radial quasiballistic transport in time-domain thermoreflectance studied using Monte Carlo simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ding, D.; Chen, X.; Minnich, A. J.

    2014-04-07

    Recently, a pump beam size dependence of thermal conductivity was observed in Si at cryogenic temperatures using time-domain thermal reflectance (TDTR). These observations were attributed to quasiballistic phonon transport, but the interpretation of the measurements has been semi-empirical. Here, we present a numerical study of the heat conduction that occurs in the full 3D geometry of a TDTR experiment, including an interface, using the Boltzmann transport equation. We identify the radial suppression function that describes the suppression in heat flux, compared to Fourier's law, that occurs due to quasiballistic transport and demonstrate good agreement with experimental data. We also discuss unresolved discrepancies that are important topics for future study.

  20. An Approach to Generating Summaries of Time Series Data in the Gas Turbine Domain Jin Yu and Jim Hunter and Ehud Reiter and Somayajulu Sripada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sripada, Yaji

    An Approach to Generating Summaries of Time Series Data in the Gas Turbine Domain Jin Yu and Jim an approach to generating summaries of time series data in the gas turbine domain using AI techniques. Through), both domain knowledge from experts about how to solve problems in the gas turbine and information about

  1. Application of the discontinuous Galerkin time domain method in the simulation of the optical properties of dielectric particles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Guanglin

    2012-07-16

    A Discontinuous Galerkin Time Domain method (DGTD), using a fourth order Runge-Kutta time-stepping of Maxwell's equations, was applied to the simulation of the optical properties of dielectric particles in two-dimensional (2-D) geometry. As examples...

  2. Brillouin optical time-domain analysis over a 240 km-long fiber loop with no repeater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thévenaz, Jacques

    Brillouin optical time-domain analysis over a 240 km-long fiber loop with no repeater Xabier Angulo.angulo@io.cfmac.csic.es; phone +34 915618806 ext.:222 ABSTRACT In this paper we combine the use of optical pulse coding and seeded second-order Raman amplification to extend the sensing distance of Brillouin optical time

  3. Blood flow measurement and slow flow detection in retinal vessels with Joint Spectral and Time domain method in ultrahigh speed OCT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorczynska, Iwona

    We present an application of the Joint Spectral and Time domain OCT (STdOCT) method for detection of wide range of flows in the retinal vessels. We utilized spectral/Fourier domain OCT (SOCT) technique for development of ...

  4. Assessment of microwave power flow for reflectometry measurements in tokamak plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourdain, P-A; Peebles, W. A.

    2008-01-01

    of incident and reflected microwave rays for O-mode and X-Assessment of microwave power flow for reflectometryLos Angeles, CA 90095-1547 Microwave diagnostics, such as

  5. Using X-mode L, R and O-mode reflectometry cutoffs to measure...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Using X-mode L, R and O-mode reflectometry cutoffs to measure scrape-off-layer density profiles for upgraded ORNL reflectometer on NSTX-U Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

  6. Terahertz time domain interferometry of a SIS tunnel junction and a quantum point contact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karadi, C [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1995-09-01

    The author has applied the Terahertz Time Domain Interferometric (THz-TDI) technique to probe the ultrafast dynamic response of a Superconducting-Insulating-Superconducting (SIS) tunnel junction and a Quantum Point Contact (QPC). The THz-TDI technique involves monitoring changes in the dc current induced by interfering two picosecond electrical pulses on the junction as a function of time delay between them. Measurements of the response of the Nb/AlO{sub x}/Nb SIS tunnel junction from 75--200 GHz are in full agreement with the linear theory for photon-assisted tunneling. Likewise, measurements of the induced current in a QPC as a function of source-drain voltage, gate voltage, frequency, and magnetic field also show strong evidence for photon-assisted transport. These experiments together demonstrate the general applicability of the THz-TDI technique to the characterization of the dynamic response of any micron or nanometer scale device that exhibits a non-linear I-V characteristic. 133 refs., 49 figs.

  7. Adaptive array technique for differential-phase reflectometry in QUEST

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Idei, H., E-mail: idei@triam.kyushu-u.ac.jp; Hanada, K.; Zushi, H. [Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu Univ., Kasuga, 816-8560 Japan (Japan); Nagata, K.; Mishra, K.; Itado, T.; Akimoto, R. [Interdisciplinary Grad. School of Eng. Sci., Kyushu Univ., Kasuga, 816-8580 Japan (Japan); Yamamoto, M. K. [Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto Univ., Uji, 611-0011 Japan (Japan)

    2014-11-15

    A Phased Array Antenna (PAA) was considered as launching and receiving antennae in reflectometry to attain good directivity in its applied microwave range. A well-focused beam was obtained in a launching antenna application, and differential-phase evolution was properly measured by using a metal reflector plate in the proof-of-principle experiment at low power test facilities. Differential-phase evolution was also evaluated by using the PAA in the Q-shu University Experiment with Steady State Spherical Tokamak (QUEST). A beam-forming technique was applied in receiving phased-array antenna measurements. In the QUEST device that should be considered as a large oversized cavity, standing wave effect was significantly observed with perturbed phase evolution. A new approach using derivative of measured field on propagating wavenumber was proposed to eliminate the standing wave effect.

  8. Dynamic Response of an Optomechanical System to a Stationary Random Excitation in the Time Domain

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Palmer, Jeremy A.; Paez, Thomas L.

    2011-01-01

    Modern electro-optical instruments are typically designed with assemblies of optomechanical members that support optics such that alignment is maintained in service environments that include random vibration loads. This paper presents a nonlinear numerical analysis that calculates statistics for the peak lateral response of optics in an optomechanical sub-assembly subject to random excitation of the housing. The work is unique in that the prior art does not address peak response probability distribution for stationary random vibration in the time domain for a common lens-retainer-housing system with Coulomb damping. Analytical results are validated by using displacement response data from random vibration testingmore »of representative prototype sub-assemblies. A comparison of predictions to experimental results yields reasonable agreement. The Type I Asymptotic form provides the cumulative distribution function for peak response probabilities. Probabilities are calculated for actual lens centration tolerances. The probability that peak response will not exceed the centration tolerance is greater than 80% for prototype configurations where the tolerance is high (on the order of 30 micrometers). Conversely, the probability is low for those where the tolerance is less than 20 micrometers. The analysis suggests a design paradigm based on the influence of lateral stiffness on the magnitude of the response.« less

  9. Modal locking between vocal fold and vocal tract oscillations: Simulations in time domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalto, Atte; Malinen, Jarmo; Aalto, Daniel; Vainio, Martti

    2015-01-01

    It is well known that during voiced speech, the human vocal folds interact with the vocal tract acoustics. The resulting source-filter coupling has been observed using mathematical and physical models as well as in in vivo phonation. We propose a computational time-domain model of the full speech apparatus that, in particular, contains a feedback mechanism from the vocal tract acoustics to the vocal fold oscillations. It is based on numerical solution of ordinary and partial differential equations defined on vocal tract geometries that have been obtained by Magnetic Resonance Imaging. The model is used to simulate rising and falling pitch glides of [a, i] in the fundamental frequency (f_0) interval [180 Hz, 360 Hz]. The interval contains the first formant F1 of [i] as well as the subformants F1/4 and F1/3 of [a]. The simulations reveal a locking pattern of the f_0-trajectory at F1 of [i] in falling and rising glides. The subformants of [a] produce perturbations in the waveforms of glottal signals but no locki...

  10. Interactive pre- and post-processing tools for finite-difference time-domain codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, B.K.; Laguna, G.W.; McLeod, R.R.; Ray, S.L.; Pennock, S.T.; Berger, R.L.; Bland, M.F.

    1989-01-12

    Practical three-dimensional electromagnetic modeling has traditionally been hampered by insufficient computing power. Recent advances in computer hardware are beginning to remove this difficulty, and one can expect that this trend will continue for the foreseeable future. To exploit this increased computer power and to solve more realistic problems, researchers have developed numerous algorithms appropriate for 3-D calculations and have built large general-purpose computer codes around them. In spite of this technical and theoretical progress, two practical difficulties remain: providing the computer code with an accurate description of a particular problem and viewing the end results of the calculation. Researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have been developing and using a new finite-difference, time-domain (FDTD) code over the last few years. This code, TSAR, is currently being used on a wide range of electromagnetic scattering, coupling, and propagation problems. Some of the geometries of interest are large and quite detailed, requiring meshes with more than a million cells. To efficiently deal with these large problems, we have developed a set of pre and post-processing tools to be used in conjunction with the TSAR FDTD code. This set of utilities consists of a solid-model based mesh generator, a mesh verifier, and a color/surface plotter. These tools all run on graphics workstations and, due to their highly interactive nature, are quite easy to use. For added convenience, some of the workstations are connected to a videotape system. With this arrangement, users can record complex time-varying results in a convenient and portable format. We anticipate that the poster talk associated with this paper will include a videotape demonstration of these capabilities.

  11. Stability analysis and design of time-domain acoustic impedance boundary conditions for lined duct with mean flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xun

    Stability analysis and design of time-domain acoustic impedance boundary conditions for lined duct in a lined duct with uniform mean flow, which has important practical interest for noise emission by aero boundary conditions act as closed-loop feedbacks to an overall duct acoustic system. It turns out

  12. 296 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 19, No. 4 / February 15, 1994 Time-domain optical data storage by use of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahriar, Selim

    296 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 19, No. 4 / February 15, 1994 Time-domain optical data storage by use-domainstorage and retrieval ofamplitude- and phase-encoded optical data, using Raman coherent population trapping, despite the loss of information about absolute optical phases that occurs as a result of the dissipative nature

  13. High-Frequency (140-GHz) Time Domain EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy: The Tyrosyl Radical-Diiron Cofactor in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Robert G.

    High-Frequency (140-GHz) Time Domain EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy: The Tyrosyl Radical-4307 ReceiVed August 21, 2000. ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed NoVember 28, 2000 Abstract: High-frequency pulsed at conventional frequencies (9 GHz, 0.35 T) often lead to complex, unresolved spectra. The development of high-frequency

  14. On the stability of time-domain integral equations for acoustic wave propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles L. Epstein; Leslie Greengard; Thomas Hagstrom

    2015-04-15

    We give a principled approach for the selection of a boundary integral, retarded potential representation for the solution of scattering problems for the wave equation in an exterior domain.

  15. Model based approach to UXO imaging using the time domain electromagnetic method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lavely, E.M.

    1999-04-01

    Time domain electromagnetic (TDEM) sensors have emerged as a field-worthy technology for UXO detection in a variety of geological and environmental settings. This success has been achieved with commercial equipment that was not optimized for UXO detection and discrimination. The TDEM response displays a rich spatial and temporal behavior which is not currently utilized. Therefore, in this paper the author describes a research program for enhancing the effectiveness of the TDEM method for UXO detection and imaging. Fundamental research is required in at least three major areas: (a) model based imaging capability i.e. the forward and inverse problem, (b) detector modeling and instrument design, and (c) target recognition and discrimination algorithms. These research problems are coupled and demand a unified treatment. For example: (1) the inverse solution depends on solution of the forward problem and knowledge of the instrument response; (2) instrument design with improved diagnostic power requires forward and inverse modeling capability; and (3) improved target recognition algorithms (such as neural nets) must be trained with data collected from the new instrument and with synthetic data computed using the forward model. Further, the design of the appropriate input and output layers of the net will be informed by the results of the forward and inverse modeling. A more fully developed model of the TDEM response would enable the joint inversion of data collected from multiple sensors (e.g., TDEM sensors and magnetometers). Finally, the author suggests that a complementary approach to joint inversions is the statistical recombination of data using principal component analysis. The decomposition into principal components is useful since the first principal component contains those features that are most strongly correlated from image to image.

  16. Time domain half-space dyadic Green's functions for eddy-current calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowler, John R.

    in Sec. II. For completeness, a derivation of the scalar Green's function is given in Appendix ATime domain half-space dyadic Green's functions for eddy-current calculations J. R. Bowlera) Centre. This solution has been used to construct a half-space dyadic Green's function containing a term for an unbounded

  17. One- and two-dimensional simulations of ultra-short-pulse reflectometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, B.I.; Kaiser, T.B.; Garrison, J.C.

    1997-02-01

    Ultra-short-pulse reflectometry is studied by means of the numerical integration of one- and two-dimensional full-wave equations for ordinary and extraordinary modes propagating in a plasma. The numerical calculations illustrate the use of the reflection of ultra-short-pulse microwaves as an effective probe of the density or magnetic profile in the presence of density or magnetic fluctuations in the plasma. Bragg resonance effects can be identified in the reflected signals, which give information on fluctuations. It is also demonstrated that ultra-short-pulse reflectometry can be used to perform correlation reflectometry measurements in which correlation lengths for density fluctuations are deduced from the observed cross-correlation function of phase shifts as a function of frequency. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  18. One- and two-dimensional simulations of ultra-short-pulse reflectometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, B.I.; Kaiser, T.B.; Garrison, J.C.

    1997-01-01

    Ultra-short-pulse reflectometry is studied by means of the numerical integration of one- and two-dimensional full-wave equations for ordinary and extraordinary modes propagating in a plasma. The numerical calculations illustrate the use of the reflection of ultra-short-pulse microwaves as an effective probe of the density or magnetic profile in the presence of density or magnetic fluctuations in the plasma. Bragg resonance effects can be identified in the reflected signals, which give information on fluctuations. It is also demonstrated that ultra-short-pulse reflectometry can be used to perform correlation reflectometry measurements in which correlation lengths for density fluctuations are deduced from the observed cross-correlation function of phase shifts as a function of frequency. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  19. Short time heat diffusion in compact domains with discontinuous transmission boundary conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claude Bardos; Denis Grebenkov; Anna Rozanova-Pierrat

    2015-09-07

    We consider a heat problem with discontinuous diffusion coefficientsand discontinuous transmission boundary conditions with a resistancecoefficient. For all compact $(\\epsilon,\\delta)$-domains $\\Omega\\subset\\mathbb{R}^n$ with a $d$-set boundary (for instance, aself-similar fractal), we find the first term of the small-timeasymptotic expansion of the heat content in the complement of$\\Omega$, and also the second-order term in the case of a regularboundary. The asymptotic expansion is different for the cases offinite and infinite resistance of the boundary. The derived formulasrelate the heat content to the volume of the interior Minkowskisausage and present a mathematical justification to the de Gennes'approach. The accuracy of the analytical results is illustrated bysolving the heat problem on prefractal domains by a finite elementsmethod.

  20. Transit Timing Observations from Kepler: III. Confirmation of 4 Multiple Planet Systems by a Fourier-Domain Study of Anti-correlated Transit Timing Variations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steffen, Jason H.; /Fermilab; Fabrycky, Daniel C.; /Lick Observ.; Ford, Eric B.; /Florida U.; Carter, Joshua A.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Fressin, Francois; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Holman, Matthew J.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Lissauer, Jack J.; /NASA, Ames; Rowe, Jason F.; /SETI Inst., Mtn. View /NASA, Ames; Ragozzine, Darin; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Welsh, William F.; /Caltech; Borucki, William J.; /NASA, Ames /UC, Santa Barbara

    2012-01-01

    We present a method to confirm the planetary nature of objects in systems with multiple transiting exoplanet candidates. This method involves a Fourier-domain analysis of the deviations in the transit times from a constant period that result from dynamical interactions within the system. The combination of observed anticorrelations in the transit times and mass constraints from dynamical stability allow us to claim the discovery of four planetary systems, Kepler-25, Kepler-26, Kepler-27 and Kepler-28, containing eight planets and one additional planet candidate.

  1. Snow measurement by GPS interferometric reflectometry: an evaluation at Niwot Ridge, Colorado

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Kristine

    Snow measurement by GPS interferometric reflectometry: an evaluation at Niwot Ridge, Colorado Ethan, USA Abstract: Snow is a critical storage component in the hydrologic cycle, but current measurement networks are sparse. In addition, the heterogeneity of snow requires surveying larger areas to measure

  2. Time-resolved observation of fast domain-walls driven by vertical spin currents in short tracks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sampaio, Joao; Lequeux, Steven; Chanthbouala, Andre; Cros, Vincent; Grollier, Julie; Matsumoto, Rie; Yakushiji, Kay; Kubota, Hitoshi; Fukushima, Akio; Yuasa, Shinji; Nishimura, Kazumasa; Nagamine, Yoshinori; Maehara, Hiroki; Tsunekawa, Koji

    2013-12-09

    We present time-resolved measurements of the displacement of magnetic domain-walls (DWs) driven by vertical spin-polarized currents in track-shaped magnetic tunnel junctions. In these structures, we observe very high DW velocities (600?m/s) at current densities below 10{sup 7}?A/cm{sup 2}. We show that the efficient spin-transfer torque combined with a short propagation distance allows avoiding the Walker breakdown process and achieving deterministic, reversible, and fast (?1?ns) DW-mediated switching of magnetic tunnel junction elements, which is of great interest for the implementation of fast DW-based spintronic devices.

  3. Time domain characteristics of human force control in rejection of transient disturbances during movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maneri, Erin, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Many tasks that humans successfully complete are more naturally represented in terms of their force requirements than their state (position or velocity) requirements. Yet the literature on force and timing is relatively ...

  4. Using image warping for time-lapse image domain wavefield tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Di

    Time-lapse seismic data are widely used for monitoring subsurface changes. A quantitative assessment of how reservoir properties have changed allows for better interpretation of fluid substitution and fluid migration during ...

  5. PH domains, FYVE domains, ENTH domains, C2 do-mains, Tubby domains, and PX domains, and the list

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    domain and the second SH3 domain (yellow), while the Selected Reading C-terminal tail interacts with the first SH3 domain. Phosphorylation of serine and threonine residues in the C-terminal tail liberates., Tempst, P., Thuring, J.W., Cooper,space and time, and thereby prevent inadvertent dam- M.A., Lim, Z

  6. Pseudospectral time domain simulations of multiple light scattering in three-dimensional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taflove, Allen

    scatterers, a rigorous method based on fundamental electromagnetic theory is desired. 2. Pseudospectral Time] with a common challenge: the analysis of scattered electromagnetic waves to acquire geometrical information theory [Busch and Soukoulis, 1995], and approximation methods based on radiative transfer theory

  7. Modeling and Optimization of RF-MEMS Reconfigurable Tuners with Computationally Efficient Time-Domain Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    Modeling and Optimization of RF-MEMS Reconfigurable Tuners with Computationally Efficient Time of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332 2 Raytheon Company, Tucson AZ, 85734 Abstract -- Modern RF-MEMS device design methods in which the FDTD technique can be used to model a reconfigurable RF-MEMS tuner. A new method

  8. A Note on the Time Domain Properties of a Dipole Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - AJAr)2 will be replaced by the constant (1- 51/~f . where -\\ is the maximum glottal area. All the time the fluid particle velocity through the glottis. an area function with two adjustable parameters is used the glottis. Ag is the glottal area. AI' is the tract area (a cylindrical tube), and 1I.giS the glottal fluid

  9. Time domain studies of Active Galactic Nuclei with the Square Kilometre Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bignall, Hayley; Hovatta, Talvikki; Koay, Jun Yi; Lazio, Joseph; Macquart, Jean-Pierre; Reynolds, Cormac

    2015-01-01

    Variability of radio-emitting active galactic nuclei can be used to probe both intrinsic variations arising from shocks, flares, and other changes in emission from regions surrounding the central supermassive black hole, as well as extrinsic variations due to scattering by structures in our own Galaxy. Such interstellar scattering also probes the structure of the emitting regions, with microarcsecond resolution. Current studies have necessarily been limited to either small numbers of objects monitored over long periods of time, or large numbers of objects but with poor time sampling. The dramatic increase in survey speed engendered by the Square Kilometre Array will enable precision synoptic monitoring studies of hundreds of thousands of sources with a cadence of days or less. Statistics of variability, in particular concurrent observations at multiple radio frequencies and in other bands of the electromagnetic spectrum, will probe accretion physics over a wide range of AGN classes, luminosities, and orientat...

  10. Detection of near-surface anisotropy in a weathered metamorphic schist using time-domain electromagnetics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Jamie Lynne

    2004-11-15

    /m]. Therefore the transient current in the TX generates a primary magnetic flux in the vicinity of the loop. As this magnetic flux diffuses through the Earth, it generates an electromotive force (emf) within the subsurface (Figure 12b), as defined... by Faraday?s Law: ( ) s t ? ? ? B Ei t . (2) Faraday?s Law states that changing magnetic flux B of frequency ? over time t through a circuit establishes an emf which, if the circuit...

  11. Modeling a thermionic energy converter using finite-difference time-domain particle-in-cell simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lo, F. S.; Lee, T. H.; Lu, P. S.; Ragan-Kelley, B.; Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 ; Minnich, A.; Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 ; Lin, M. C.; Verboncoeur, J. P.; Department of Electrical and Computing Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824

    2014-02-15

    A thermionic energy converter (TEC) is a static device that converts heat directly into electricity by boiling electrons off a hot emitter surface across a small inter-electrode gap to a cooler collector surface. The main challenge in TECs is overcoming the space charge limit, which limits the current transmitted across a gap of a given voltage and width. We have verified the feasibility of studying and developing a TEC using a bounded finite-difference time-domain particle-in-cell plasma simulation code, OOPD1, developed by Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, formerly at UC Berkeley and now at Michigan State University. In this preliminary work, a TEC has been modeled kinetically using OOPD1, and the accuracy has been verified by comparing with an analytically solvable case, giving good agreement. With further improvement of the code, one will be able to quickly and cheaply analyze space charge effects, and seek designs that mitigate the space charge effect, allowing TECs to become more efficient and cost-effective.

  12. A new measure of acceleration of heart rate: dependence on age and comparison with time domain conventional heart rate variability measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cammarota, Camillo

    A new measure of acceleration of heart rate: dependence on age and comparison with time domain conventional heart rate variability measures Giuseppe Germanò, M.D., Gianfranco Piccirillo, M.D., *Camillo We introduce a new index, Acceleration Ratio (AR), in order to investigate the dependence of Heart

  13. Comparison between Pseudo-Spectral Time Domain and Discrete Dipole Approximation Simulations for Single-scattering Properties of Particles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podowitz, Derek Ian

    2013-08-05

    uses a Fourier pseudo-spectral method and a finite-difference method to compute the spatial and temporal derivatives of electromagnetic fields. The DDA method uses an electromagnetic integral equation in the frequency domain to calculate the single...

  14. Characterization of Chemical Speciation in Ultra Thin Uranium Oxide Films by Neutron Reflectometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Peng

    2012-06-20

    Motivation for this project is due to more than 17 kg of HEU and 400 g of Pu have been interdicted through an international effort to control nuclear smuggling. Nuclear forensics - Detection and analysis of nuclear materials recovered from either the capture of unused materials or from the radioactive debris following a nuclear explosion or activities, which can contribute significantly for national security. Develop new nuclear forensic methods can be applied to: (a) Environmental swipes, (b) Small particulates, and (c) Thin films. Conclusions of the project are: (1) A unique approach: Neutron Reflectometry + Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy; and (2) Detection of chemical speciation with {angstrom}-level resolution.

  15. Highly accurate and efficient self-force computations using time-domain methods: Error estimates, validation, and optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Thornburg

    2010-06-18

    If a small "particle" of mass $\\mu M$ (with $\\mu \\ll 1$) orbits a Schwarzschild or Kerr black hole of mass $M$, the particle is subject to an $\\O(\\mu)$ radiation-reaction "self-force". Here I argue that it's valuable to compute this self-force highly accurately (relative error of $\\ltsim 10^{-6}$) and efficiently, and I describe techniques for doing this and for obtaining and validating error estimates for the computation. I use an adaptive-mesh-refinement (AMR) time-domain numerical integration of the perturbation equations in the Barack-Ori mode-sum regularization formalism; this is efficient, yet allows easy generalization to arbitrary particle orbits. I focus on the model problem of a scalar particle in a circular geodesic orbit in Schwarzschild spacetime. The mode-sum formalism gives the self-force as an infinite sum of regularized spherical-harmonic modes $\\sum_{\\ell=0}^\\infty F_{\\ell,\\reg}$, with $F_{\\ell,\\reg}$ (and an "internal" error estimate) computed numerically for $\\ell \\ltsim 30$ and estimated for larger~$\\ell$ by fitting an asymptotic "tail" series. Here I validate the internal error estimates for the individual $F_{\\ell,\\reg}$ using a large set of numerical self-force computations of widely-varying accuracies. I present numerical evidence that the actual numerical errors in $F_{\\ell,\\reg}$ for different~$\\ell$ are at most weakly correlated, so the usual statistical error estimates are valid for computing the self-force. I show that the tail fit is numerically ill-conditioned, but this can be mostly alleviated by renormalizing the basis functions to have similar magnitudes. Using AMR, fixed mesh refinement, and extended-precision floating-point arithmetic, I obtain the (contravariant) radial component of the self-force for a particle in a circular geodesic orbit of areal radius $r = 10M$ to within $1$~ppm relative error.

  16. May 15, 1993 / Vol. 18, No. 10 / OPTICS LETTERS 781 Extra resonances in time-domain four-wave mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Rick Trebino Combustion Research Facility, Sandia National Laboratories,Livermore, California 94451 domain. These pulse-length-induced extra resonances arise in transient-grating experiments when the laser pulses are short enough that a steady state cannot be achievedduring the excitation process. We

  17. Micromagnetic analysis of dynamical bubble-like solitons based on the time domain evolution of the topological density

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Puliafito, Vito Azzerboni, Bruno; Finocchio, Giovanni; Torres, Luis; Ozatay, Ozhan

    2014-05-07

    Dynamical bubble-like solitons have been recently investigated in nanocontact-based spin-torque oscillators with a perpendicular free layer. Those magnetic configurations can be excited also in different geometries as long as they consist of perpendicular materials. Thus, in this paper, a systematic study of the influence of both external field and high current on that kind of dynamics is performed for a spin-valve point-contact geometry where both free and fixed layers present strong perpendicular anisotropy. The usage of the topological density tool highlights the excitation of complex bubble/antibubble configurations. In particular, at high currents, a deformation of the soliton and its simultaneous shift from the contact area are observed and can be ascribable to the Oersted field. Results provide further detailed information on the excitation of solitons in perpendicular materials for application in spintronics, magnonics, and domain wall logic.

  18. Statistical searches for microlensing events in large, non-uniformly sampled time-domain surveys: A test using palomar transient factory data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price-Whelan, Adrian M.; Agüeros, Marcel A. [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 W 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Fournier, Amanda P. [Department of Physics, Broida Hall, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Street, Rachel [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Inc., 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Santa Barbara, CA 93117 (United States); Ofek, Eran O. [Benoziyo Center for Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot (Israel); Covey, Kevin R. [Lowell Observatory, 1400 West Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Levitan, David; Sesar, Branimir [Division of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Laher, Russ R.; Surace, Jason, E-mail: adrn@astro.columbia.edu [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Mail Stop 314-6, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2014-01-20

    Many photometric time-domain surveys are driven by specific goals, such as searches for supernovae or transiting exoplanets, which set the cadence with which fields are re-imaged. In the case of the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF), several sub-surveys are conducted in parallel, leading to non-uniform sampling over its ?20,000 deg{sup 2} footprint. While the median 7.26 deg{sup 2} PTF field has been imaged ?40 times in the R band, ?2300 deg{sup 2} have been observed >100 times. We use PTF data to study the trade off between searching for microlensing events in a survey whose footprint is much larger than that of typical microlensing searches, but with far-from-optimal time sampling. To examine the probability that microlensing events can be recovered in these data, we test statistics used on uniformly sampled data to identify variables and transients. We find that the von Neumann ratio performs best for identifying simulated microlensing events in our data. We develop a selection method using this statistic and apply it to data from fields with >10 R-band observations, 1.1 × 10{sup 9} light curves, uncovering three candidate microlensing events. We lack simultaneous, multi-color photometry to confirm these as microlensing events. However, their number is consistent with predictions for the event rate in the PTF footprint over the survey's three years of operations, as estimated from near-field microlensing models. This work can help constrain all-sky event rate predictions and tests microlensing signal recovery in large data sets, which will be useful to future time-domain surveys, such as that planned with the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope.

  19. Time Domain Optical Studies of Dynamics in Supercooled o-Terphenyl: Comparison to Mode Coupling Theory on Fast and Slow Time Scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    is also in agreement with the predictions of MCT. Detailed comparisons of the data to MCT "master curves" show excellent agreement at times >10 ps. However, the faster component of the data ( not improve the agreement. It is noted that a portion of the data at intermediate times (faster than

  20. 284 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 27, NO. 1, JANUARY 2012 Time-Domain Design of Digital Compensators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that the closed-loop response of a digitally controlled system is largely determined by the first few samples and experimentally. Digital PID controllers for exper- imental buck- and boost-type converters were designed, digital control, discrete-time analysis, digital signal processing, PID control, pulse width modulation

  1. Design and Modeling of Novel Multiband/Wideband Antennas for RFID Tags and Readers Using Time-/Frequency-Domain Simulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    environments and standards (US, Europe, Asia) [2]. This paper presents for the first time the design, modeling, in this inductively coupled RFID antenna, the radiated energy is focused directionally in a dumbbell shape as shown is expected to achieve with RFID antennas in such a configuration. Paper is considered one of the best

  2. The component groups structure of DPPC bilayers obtained by specular neutron reflectometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michal Beli?ka; Yuri Gerelli; Norbert Ku?erka; Giovanna Fragneto

    2014-12-16

    Specular neutron reflectometry (SNR) was measured on a system of a floating bilayer consisting of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-d62-\\textit{sn}-glycero-3-phosphocholine (d62-diC16:0PC) deposited over a 1,2-dibehenoyl-\\textit{sn}-glycero-3-phosphocholine (diC22:0PC) bilayer at 25 and 55 {\\deg}C. The internal structure of lipid bilayers was described by a one dimensional scattering length density profile (SLDP) model, originally developed for the evaluation of small angle scattering data. The corresponding model reflectivity curves successfully describe the experimental reflectivity curves of a supported bilayer in the gel phase and a system of a floating bilayer in the liquid crystalline phase. The reflectivity data from the supported bilayer were evaluated individually and served further as an input by the data treatment of floating bilayer reflectivity curves. The results yield internal structure of a deposited and floating bilayer on the level of component groups of lipid molecules. The obtained structure of the floating d62-diC16:0PC bilayer displays high resemblance to the bilayer structure in the form of unilamellar vesicles, however, simultaneously it shows rate of fluctuations in comparison to unilamellar vesicle bilayers.

  3. REAL TIME MONITORING OF INFRASTRUCTURE USING TDR TECHNOLOGY: CASE HISTORIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    REAL TIME MONITORING OF INFRASTRUCTURE USING TDR TECHNOLOGY: CASE HISTORIES Kevin M. O Reflectometry (TDR) is a versatile technology amenable to a variety of measurements and nondestructive in a companion paper and this paper focuses on case histories in which TDR was used to monitor deformation

  4. Higher-order in time "quasi-unconditionally stable" ADI solvers for the compressible Navier-Stokes equations in 2D and 3D curvilinear domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruno, Oscar

    2015-01-01

    This paper introduces alternating-direction implicit (ADI) solvers of higher order of time-accuracy (orders two to six) for the compressible Navier-Stokes equations in two- and three-dimensional curvilinear domains. The higher-order accuracy in time results from 1) An application of the backward differentiation formulae time-stepping algorithm (BDF) in conjunction with 2) A BDF-like extrapolation technique for certain components of the nonlinear terms (which makes use of nonlinear solves unnecessary), as well as 3) A novel application of the Douglas-Gunn splitting (which greatly facilitates handling of boundary conditions while preserving higher-order accuracy in time). As suggested by our theoretical analysis of the algorithms for a variety of special cases, an extensive set of numerical experiments clearly indicate that all of the BDF-based ADI algorithms proposed in this paper are "quasi-unconditionally stable" in the following sense: each algorithm is stable for all couples $(h,\\Delta t)$ of spatial and t...

  5. Time-domain simulation of ultrasound propagation in a tissue-like medium based on the resolution of the nonlinear acoustic constitutive relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiménez, Noé; Redondo, Javier; Sánchez-Morcillo, Víctor; Hou, Yi; Konofagou, Elisa E

    2015-01-01

    A time-domain numerical code based on the constitutive relations of nonlinear acoustics for simulating ultrasound propagation is presented. To model frequency power law attenuation, such as observed in biological media, multiple relaxation processes are included and relaxation parameters are fitted to both exact frequency power law attenuation and empirically measured attenuation of a variety of tissues that does not fit an exact power law. A computational technique based on artificial relaxation is included to correct the non-negligible numerical dispersion of the numerical method and to improve stability when shock waves are present. This technique avoids the use of high order finite difference schemes, leading to fast calculations. The numerical code is especially suitable to study high intensity and focused axisymmetric acoustic beams in tissue-like medium, as it is based on the full constitutive relations that overcomes the limitations of the parabolic approximations, while some specific effects not cont...

  6. Atomistic Time-Domain Simulations of Light-Harvesting and Charge-Transfer Dynamics in Novel Nanoscale Materials for Solar Hydrogen Production.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prezhdo, Oleg V.

    2012-03-22

    Funded by the DOE grant (i) we continued to study and analyze the atomistic detail of the electron transfer (ET) across the chromophore-TiO2 interface in Gratzel cell systems for solar hydrogen production. (ii) We extensively investigated the nature of photoexcited states and excited state dynamics in semiconductor quantum dots (QD) designed for photovoltaic applications. (iii) We continued a newly initiated research direction focusing on excited state properties and electron-phonon interactions in nanoscale carbon materials. Over the past year, the results of the DOE funded research were summarized in 3 review articles. 12 original manuscripts were written. The research results were reported in 28 invited talks at conferences and university seminars. 20 invitations were accepted for talks in the near future. 2 symposia at national and international meetings have being organized this year on topics closely related to the DOE funded project, and 2 more symposia have been planned for the near future. We summarized the insights into photoinduced dynamics of semiconductor QDs, obtained from our time-domain ab initio studies. QDs exhibit both molecular and bulk properties. Unlike either bulk or molecular materials, QD properties can be modified continuously by changing QD shape and size. However, the chemical and physical properties of molecular and bulk materials often contradict each other, which can lead to differing viewpoints about the behavior of QDs. For example, the molecular view suggests strong electron-hole and charge-phonon interactions, as well as slow energy relaxation due to mismatch between electronic energy gaps and phonon frequencies. In contrast, the bulk view advocates that the kinetic energy of quantum confinement is greater than electron-hole interactions, that charge-phonon coupling is weak, and that the relaxation through quasi-continuous bands is rapid. By synthesizing the bulk and molecular viewpoints, we clarified the controversies and provided a unified atomistic picture of the nature and dynamics of photoexcited states in semiconductor QDs. We also summarized our recent findings about the photoinduced electron dynamics at the chromophore-semiconductor interfaces from a time-domain ab initio perspective. The interface provides the foundation for a new, promising type of solar cell and presents a fundamentally important case study for several fields, including photo-, electro- and analytical chemistries, molecular electronics, and photography. Further, the interface offers a classic example of an interaction between an organic molecular species and an inorganic bulk material. Scientists employ different concepts and terminologies to describe molecular and solid states of matter, and these differences make it difficult to describe the interface with a single model. At the basic atomistic level of description, however, this challenge can be largely overcome. Recent advances in non-adiabatic molecular dynamics and time-domain density functional theory have created a unique opportunity for simulating the ultrafast, photoinduced processes on a computer very similar to the way that they occur in nature. These state-of-the-art theoretical tools offered a comprehensive picture of a variety of electron transfer processes that occur at the interface, including electron injection from the chromophore to the semiconductor, electron relaxation and delocalization inside the semiconductor, back-transfer of the electron to the chromophore and to the electrolyte, and regeneration of the neutral chromophore by the electrolyte. The ab initio time-domain modeling is particularly valuable for understanding these dynamic features of the ultrafast electron transfer processes, which cannot be represented by a simple rate description. We demonstrated using symmetry adapted cluster theory with configuration interaction (SAC-CI) that charging of small PbSe nanocrystals (NCs) greatly modifies their electronic states and optical excitations. Conduction and valence band transitions that are not available in neutral NCs dominate

  7. 90° magnetic coupling in a NiFe/FeMn/biased NiFe multilayer spin valve component investigated by polarized neutron reflectometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callori, S. J., E-mail: sara.callori@ansto.gov.au; Bertinshaw, J. [School of Physics, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia); Bragg Institute, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia); Cortie, D. L. [The Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, The University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Bragg Institute, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia); Cai, J. W., E-mail: jwcai@aphy.iphy.ac.cn; Zhu, T. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Le Brun, A. P. [Bragg Institute, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia); Klose, F. [Bragg Institute, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia); Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong)

    2014-07-21

    We have observed 90° magnetic coupling in a NiFe/FeMn/biased NiFe multilayer system using polarized neutron reflectometry. Magnetometry results show magnetic switching for both the biased and free NiFe layers, the latter of which reverses at low applied fields. As these measurements are only capable of providing information about the total magnetization within a sample, polarized neutron reflectometry was used to investigate the reversal behavior of the NiFe layers individually. Both the non-spin-flip and spin-flip neutron reflectometry signals were tracked around the free NiFe layer hysteresis loop and were used to detail the evolution of the magnetization during reversal. At low magnetic fields near the free NiFe coercive field, a large spin-flip signal was observed, indicating magnetization aligned perpendicular to both the applied field and pinned layer.

  8. TIME DOMAIN SIMULATIONS OF RADIATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Introduction Fan Noise Forward Radiation Fan Noise Aft Radiation Jet Noise (separate LES Code)Traditional CFD a 16-processor machine yourself : 8 dual-processor workstations 800 MHz Pentium III processors 1 GB RAM

  9. Ultra-broadband terahertz time-domain ellipsometric spectroscopy utilizing GaP and GaSe emitters and an epitaxial layer transferred photoconductive detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamashita, Masatsugu, E-mail: m-yama@riken.jp; Takahashi, Hideki; Otani, Chiko [RIKEN Center for Advanced Photonics, 519-1399 Aobaaramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-0845 (Japan); Ouchi, Toshihiko [Corporate R and D Headquarters, Canon Inc., 30-2 Shimomaruko 3-Chome, Ohta-ku, Tokyo 145-8501 (Japan)

    2014-02-03

    We present a reflection-type ultra-broadband terahertz (THz) time-domain spectroscopic ellipsometry system covering the frequency range of 0.5–30 THz. GaP (110) and z-cut GaSe crystals are used as emitters to generate the THz and mid-infrared pulses, respectively, and a photoconductive antenna switch using a low-temperature grown GaAs epitaxial layer transferred on Si substrate was used as a detector. By changing the emitter between the GaP and GaSe crystals, the measurable frequency range can be easily switched from the 0.5–7.8 THz range to the 7.8–30 THz range without additional optical alignment. We demonstrated the measurement of the dielectric function in a p-type InAs wafer and the optical conductivity of an indium tin oxide (ITO) thin film. The obtained carrier density and the mobility of the ITO thin film show good agreement with that obtained by the Hall measurement.

  10. DMBC: Domain Names & Web Hosting Domain Names

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    DMBC: Domain Names & Web Hosting Domain Names Top Level Domains .com .net .org .edu .gov .mil professional or personal life Always aim for a .com Top Level Domain as it is what 99.9% of the web or underscores in the domain name unless there is no other option Web Hosting Web Hosting Providers Web

  11. DMBC: Domain Names & Web Hosting Domain Names

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    DMBC: Domain Names & Web Hosting Domain Names Top Level Domains · .com · .net · .org · .edu · .gov.9% of the web-viewing audience is used to typing in. Chances are, a visitor will type in ".com" even if you tell and simple · Try to avoid dashes or underscores in the domain name unless there is no other option Web

  12. Poster: Measuring the Lifecycles of Malicious Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Kang

    the lifecycles of malicious domain names will provide insight into the many classes of criminal networks- measures such as blacklisting. Fast-flux is characterized by domain name records with low (time other types of criminal networks abuse the DNS and leverage domain names to provide agility

  13. Membrane adhesion and domain formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas R. Weikl; Reinhard Lipowsky

    2007-09-23

    We review theoretical results for the adhesion-induced phase behavior of biomembranes. The focus is on models in which the membranes are represented as discretized elastic sheets with embedded adhesion molecules. We present several mechanism that lead to the formation of domains during adhesion, and discuss the time-dependent evolution of domain patterns obtained in Monte-Carlo simulations. The simulated pattern dynamics has striking similarities to the pattern evolution observed during T cell adhesion.

  14. Geophysical Prospecting doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.2012.01037.x A numerical comparison of time and frequency-domain marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Key, Kerry

    reservoirs. Despite this advantage, CSEM surveys in shallow water (saturation is subject to airwave saturation that strongly limits the sensitivity to resistive hydro- carbon targets, and how these effect the resolution of a hydrocarbon reservoir. Synthetic noisy data for both time

  15. MEASUREMENT OF THE SHOCK-HEATED MELT CURVE OF LEAD USING PYROMETRY AND REFLECTOMETRY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. Partouche-Sebban and J. L. Pelissier, Commissariat a` l'Energie Atomique,; F. G. Abeyta, Los Alamos National Laboratory; W. W. Anderson, Los Alamos National Laboratory; M. E. Byers, Los Alamos National Laboratory; D. Dennis-Koller, Los Alamos National Laboratory; J. S. Esparza, Los Alamos National Laboratory; S. D. Borror, Bechtel Nevada; C. A. Kruschwitz, Bechtel Nevada

    2004-01-01

    Data on the high-pressure melting temperatures of metals is of great interest in several fields of physics including geophysics. Measuring melt curves is difficult but can be performed in static experiments (with laser-heated diamond-anvil cells for instance) or dynamically (i.e., using shock experiments). However, at the present time, both experimental and theoretical results for the melt curve of lead are at too much variance to be considered definitive. As a result, we decided to perform a series of shock experiments designed to provide a measurement of the melt curve of lead up to about 50 GPa in pressure. At the same time, we developed and fielded a new reflectivity diagnostic, using it to make measurements on tin. The results show that the melt curve of lead is somewhat higher than the one previously obtained with static compression and heating techniques.

  16. A staggered-grid finite-difference scheme optimized in the time–space domain for modeling scalar-wave propagation in geophysical problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan, Sirui; Huang, Lianjie

    2014-11-01

    For modeling scalar-wave propagation in geophysical problems using finite-difference schemes, optimizing the coefficients of the finite-difference operators can reduce numerical dispersion. Most optimized finite-difference schemes for modeling seismic-wave propagation suppress only spatial but not temporal dispersion errors. We develop a novel optimized finite-difference scheme for numerical scalar-wave modeling to control dispersion errors not only in space but also in time. Our optimized scheme is based on a new stencil that contains a few more grid points than the standard stencil. We design an objective function for minimizing relative errors of phase velocities of waves propagating in all directions within a given range of wavenumbers. Dispersion analysis and numerical examples demonstrate that our optimized finite-difference scheme is computationally up to 2.5 times faster than the optimized schemes using the standard stencil to achieve the similar modeling accuracy for a given 2D or 3D problem. Compared with the high-order finite-difference scheme using the same new stencil, our optimized scheme reduces 50 percent of the computational cost to achieve the similar modeling accuracy. This new optimized finite-difference scheme is particularly useful for large-scale 3D scalar-wave modeling and inversion.

  17. Modeling of optical amplifier waveguide based on silicon nanostructures and rare earth ions doped silica matrix gain media by a finite-difference time-domain method: comparison of achievable gain with Er3+ or Nd3+ ions dopants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardin, Julien; Dufour, Christian; Gourbilleau, Fabrice

    2015-01-01

    A comparative study of the gain achievement is performed in a waveguide optical amplifier whose active layer is constituted by a silica matrix containing silicon nanograins acting as sensitizer of either neodymium ions (Nd 3+) or erbium ions (Er 3+). Due to the large difference between population levels characteristic times (ms) and finite-difference time step (10 --17 s), the conventional auxiliary differential equation and finite-difference time-domain (ADE-FDTD) method is not appropriate to treat such systems. Consequently, a new two loops algorithm based on ADE-FDTD method is presented in order to model this waveguide optical amplifier. We investigate the steady states regime of both rare earth ions and silicon nanograins levels populations as well as the electromagnetic field for different pumping powers ranging from 1 to 10 4 mW.mm-2. Furthermore, the three dimensional distribution of achievable gain per unit length has been estimated in this pumping range. The Nd 3+ doped waveguide shows a higher gross...

  18. Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    technique with photons of light that have wavelengths a billion times smaller than radio waves in order to study their domain motion. By using these soft x rays generated at...

  19. Direct detection of a transport-blocking trap in a nanoscaled silicon single-electron transistor by radio-frequency reflectometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villis, B. J.; Sanquer, M.; Jehl, X.; Orlov, A. O.; Barraud, S.; Vinet, M.; Fay, P.; Snider, G.

    2014-06-09

    The continuous downscaling of transistors results in nanoscale devices which require fewer and fewer charged carriers for their operation. The ultimate charge controlled device, the single-electron transistor (SET), controls the transfer of individual electrons. It is also the most sensitive electrometer, and as a result the electron transport through it can be dramatically affected by nearby charges. Standard direct-current characterization techniques, however, are often unable to unambiguously detect and resolve the origin of the observed changes in SET behavior arising from changes in the charge state of a capacitively coupled trap. Using a radio-frequency (RF) reflectometry technique, we are able to unequivocally detect this process, in very close agreement with modeling of the trap's occupation probability.

  20. Wafer characteristics via reflectometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

    2010-10-19

    Various exemplary methods (800, 900, 1000, 1100) are directed to determining wafer thickness and/or wafer surface characteristics. An exemplary method (900) includes measuring reflectance of a wafer and comparing the measured reflectance to a calculated reflectance or a reflectance stored in a database. Another exemplary method (800) includes positioning a wafer on a reflecting support to extend a reflectance range. An exemplary device (200) has an input (210), analysis modules (222-228) and optionally a database (230). Various exemplary reflectometer chambers (1300, 1400) include radiation sources positioned at a first altitudinal angle (1308, 1408) and at a second altitudinal angle (1312, 1412). An exemplary method includes selecting radiation sources positioned at various altitudinal angles. An exemplary element (1650, 1850) includes a first aperture (1654, 1854) and a second aperture (1658, 1858) that can transmit reflected radiation to a fiber and an imager, respectfully.

  1. Frameless, time domain continuous image capture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

    is exposed to light; each photon adds to the accumulated analog charge (~linearly) Shutter is closed Analog charge accumulated by each sensel is read-out and digitized to form "raw" image Processing converts raw) of scenes Linearity of sensel charge accumulation ­ Noise issues with low charge ­ Saturation

  2. Time-Domain Terahertz Spectroscopy of Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torcedo, Jojit Camama

    2009-01-01

    1997). [5] F. Franks, Ed. , Water: A Comprehensive Treaty.and Physical Chemistry of Water (Plenum, New York, 1972). [Chaplin. Hydrogen bonding in water. 15 Oct. 2004. 17 Oct.

  3. Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film Solar Technologies JumpTiSol JumpOffshore

  4. Radiative transfer in decomposed domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Heinemann; W. Dobler; A. Nordlund; A. Brandenburg

    2005-11-09

    An efficient algorithm for calculating radiative transfer on massively parallel computers using domain decomposition is presented. The integral formulation of the transfer equation is used to divide the problem into a local but compute-intensive part for calculating the intensity and optical depth integrals, and a nonlocal part for communicating the intensity between adjacent processors. The waiting time of idle processors during the nonlocal communication part does not have a severe impact on the scaling. The wall clock time thus scales nearly linearly with the inverse number of processors.

  5. Gravitational Effects in Supersymmetric Domain Wall Backgrounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Cvetic; S. Griffies

    1992-04-13

    A recent study of supersymmetric domain walls in $N=1$ supergravity theories revealed a new class of domain walls interpolating between supersymmetric vacua with different non-positive cosmological constants. We classify three classes of domain wall configurations and study the geodesic structure of the induced space-time. Motion of massive test particles in such space-times shows that these walls are always repulsive from the anti-deSitter (AdS) side, while on the Minkowski side test particles feel no force. Freely falling particles far away from a wall in an AdS vacuum experience a constant proper acceleration, \\ie\\ they are Rindler particles. A new coordinate system for discussing AdS space-time is presented which eliminates the use of a periodic time-like coordinate.

  6. Cellulose binding domain proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy (Davis, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  7. Cellulose binding domain proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.; Doi, R.

    1998-11-17

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 16 figs.

  8. Perforation of domain wall by point mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Gal'tsov; E. Yu. Melkumova; P. A. Spirin

    2013-12-30

    We investigate collision of a point particle and an infinitely thin planar domain wall interacting gravitationally within the linearized gravity in Minkowski space-time of arbitrary dimension. In this setting we are able to describe analytically the perforation of the wall by an impinging particle, showing that it is accompanied by excitation of the spherical shock branon wave propagating outwards with the speed of light. Formally, the shock wave is a free solution of the branon wave equation which has to be added to ensure the validity of the retarded solution at the perforation point. Physically, the domain wall gets excited due to the shake caused by an instantaneous change of sign of the repulsive gravitational force. This effect is shown to hold, in particular, in four space-time dimensions, being applicable to the problem of cosmological domain walls.

  9. Perforation of domain wall by point mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gal'tsov, D V; Spirin, P A

    2013-01-01

    We investigate collision of a point particle and an infinitely thin planar domain wall interacting gravitationally within the linearized gravity in Minkowski space-time of arbitrary dimension. In this setting we are able to describe analytically the perforation of the wall by an impinging particle, showing that it is accompanied by excitation of the spherical shock branon wave propagating outwards with the speed of light. Formally, the shock wave is a free solution of the branon wave equation which has to be added to ensure the validity of the retarded solution at the perforation point. Physically, the domain wall gets excited due to the shake caused by an instantaneous change of sign of the repulsive gravitational force. This effect is shown to hold, in particular, in four space-time dimensions, being applicable to the problem of cosmological domain walls.

  10. Contribution of domain wall networks to the CMB power spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazanu, A; Shellard, E P S

    2015-01-01

    We use three domain wall simulations from the radiation era to the late time dark energy domination era based on the PRS algorithm to calculate the energy-momentum tensor components of domain wall networks in an expanding universe. Unequal time correlators in the radiation, matter and cosmological constant epochs are calculated using the scaling regime of each of the simulations. The CMB power spectrum of a network of domain walls is determined. The first ever quantitative constraint for the domain wall surface tension is obtained using a Markov chain Monte Carlo method; an energy scale of domain walls of 0.93 MeV, which is close but below the Zel'dovich bound, is determined.

  11. Domain walls in gapped graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semenoff, G W; Zhou, Fei

    2015-01-01

    The electronic properties of a particular class of domain walls in gapped graphene are investigated. We show that they can support mid-gap states which are localized in the vicinity of the domain wall and propagate along its length. With a finite density of domain walls, these states can alter the electronic properties of gapped graphene significantly. If the mid-gap band is partially filled,the domain wall can behave like a one-dimensional metal embedded in a semi-conductor, and could potentially be used as a single-channel quantum wire.

  12. Domain walls in gapped graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. W. Semenoff; V. Semenoff; Fei Zhou

    2008-05-31

    The electronic properties of a particular class of domain walls in gapped graphene are investigated. We show that they can support mid-gap states which are localized in the vicinity of the domain wall and propagate along its length. With a finite density of domain walls, these states can alter the electronic properties of gapped graphene significantly. If the mid-gap band is partially filled,the domain wall can behave like a one-dimensional metal embedded in a semi-conductor, and could potentially be used as a single-channel quantum wire.

  13. Robust and Efficient Covering of Unknown Continuous Domains with Simple, Ant-Like

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruckstein, Alfred M.

    want to cover (or clean or search or paint) a connected domain in R2 simple robots having effectors (or that a domain was covered by the (team of) robots if each and every point of the domain was swept by a robot effector. In fact, every time we want to build an automatic machine suitable for applications such as floor

  14. Thermal effects on transverse domain wall dynamics in magnetic nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leliaert, J.; Van de Wiele, B.; Vandermeulen, J.; Coene, A.; Dupré, L.; Vansteenkiste, A.; Waeyenberge, B. Van; Laurson, L.; Durin, G.

    2015-05-18

    Magnetic domain walls are proposed as data carriers in future spintronic devices, whose reliability depends on a complete understanding of the domain wall motion. Applications based on an accurate positioning of domain walls are inevitably influenced by thermal fluctuations. In this letter, we present a micromagnetic study of the thermal effects on this motion. As spin-polarized currents are the most used driving mechanism for domain walls, we have included this in our analysis. Our results show that at finite temperatures, the domain wall velocity has a drift and diffusion component, which are in excellent agreement with the theoretical values obtained from a generalized 1D model. The drift and diffusion component are independent of each other in perfect nanowires, and the mean square displacement scales linearly with time and temperature.

  15. Lipid Domain Order and the Algebra of Morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tristan Ursell; Rob Phillips

    2009-05-09

    Lipid membranes regulate the flow of materials and information between cells and their organelles. Further, lipid composition and morphology can play a key role in regulating a variety of biological processes. For example, viral uptake, plasma membrane tension regulation, and the formation of caveolae all require the creation and control of groups of lipids that adopt specific morphologies. In this paper, we use a simplified model mixture of lipids and cholesterol to examine the interplay between lipid phase-separation and bilayer morphology. We observe and theoretically analyze three main features of phase-separated giant unilamellar vesicles. First, by tracking the motion of `dimpled' domains, we measure repulsive, elastic interactions that create short--range translational and orientational order, leading to a stable distribution of domain sizes, and hence maintaining lateral heterogeneity on relatively short length scales and long time scales. Second, we examine the transition to `budded' domain morphologies, showing that the transition is size-selective, and has two kinetic regimes, as revealed by a calculated phase diagram. Finally, using observations of the interactions between dimpled and budded domains, we build a theoretical framework with an elastic model that maps the free energies and allowed transitions in domain morphology upon coalescence, to serve as an interpretive tool for understanding the algebra of domain morphology. In all three cases, the two major factors that regulate domain morphology and morphological transitions are the domain size and membrane tension.

  16. Stochastic Chemical Reactions in Micro-domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Holcman; Z. Schuss

    2004-12-25

    Traditional chemical kinetics may be inappropriate to describe chemical reactions in micro-domains involving only a small number of substrate and reactant molecules. Starting with the stochastic dynamics of the molecules, we derive a master-diffusion equation for the joint probability density of a mobile reactant and the number of bound substrate in a confined domain. We use the equation to calculate the fluctuations in the number of bound substrate molecules as a function of initial reactant distribution. A second model is presented based on a Markov description of the binding and unbinding and on the mean first passage time of a molecule to a small portion of the boundary. These models can be used for the description of noise due to gating of ionic channels by random binding and unbinding of ligands in biological sensor cells, such as olfactory cilia, photo-receptors, hair cells in the cochlea.

  17. Identification of new functions for BRCT domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammad, Duaa H

    2008-01-01

    Our lab identified the tandem BRCT domains of PTIP function as a DNA damage responsive phospho binding domain that recognizes proteins phosphorylated by ATM and ATR after DNA damage. The PTIP tandem BRCT domains are ...

  18. Cross-domain self organizing maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fidelholtz, Estanislao L

    2006-01-01

    In this thesis, I present a method for organizing and relating events represented in two domains: the transition-space domain, which focuses on change and the trajectory-space domain, which focuses on movement along paths. ...

  19. Cross Domain Mathematical Concept Formation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steel, Graham; Colton, Simon; Bundy, Alan; Walsh, Toby

    2000-01-01

    Many interesting concepts in mathematics are essentially "cross-domain" in nature, relating objects from more than one area of mathematics, e.g. prime order groups. These concepts are often vital to the formation of a ...

  20. Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations. Speckles in...

  1. Ads-Portal Domains: Identification and Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Xiaowei

    4 Ads-Portal Domains: Identification and Measurements MISHARI ALMISHARI University of California, Irvine and XIAOWEI YANG Duke University An ads-portal domain refers to a Web domain that shows only develop a machine-learning- based classifier to identify ads-portal domains, which has 96% accuracy. We

  2. WIKIPEDIA AS DOMAIN KNOWLEDGE NETWORKS: Domain Extraction and Statistical Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Benyuan

    networks on, respectively, mathematics, physics, biology, and chemistry. We compare the mathematics domain, has developed and evolved rapidly into the most comprehensive online encyclopedia. While people enjoy of the target knowledge network with a trusted knowledge source, such as paper-based encyclopedia. Restricted

  3. Cellulose binding domain fusion proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Yosef, K.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

    1998-02-17

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 16 figs.

  4. Cellulose binding domain fusion proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  5. Order and disorder in calciumsilicatehydrate M. Bauchy, M. J. Abdolhosseini Qomi, F.-J. Ulm, and R. J.-M. Pellenq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    . Phys. 127, 164710 (2007); 10.1063/1.2796171 Monitoring of cement hydration by broadband time-domain-reflectometry dielectric spectroscopy J. Appl. Phys. 96, 5117 (2004); 10.1063/1.1797549 Quasielastic and inelastic neutron systems and acts as the binding phase in the paste.1 It is thus responsible for its strength, durability

  6. Frequency-domain multiscale quantum mechanics/electromagnetics simulation method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meng, Lingyi; Yin, Zhenyu; Yam, ChiYung E-mail: ghc@everest.hku.hk; Koo, SiuKong; Chen, GuanHua E-mail: ghc@everest.hku.hk; Chen, Quan; Wong, Ngai

    2013-12-28

    A frequency-domain quantum mechanics and electromagnetics (QM/EM) method is developed. Compared with the time-domain QM/EM method [Meng et al., J. Chem. Theory Comput. 8, 1190–1199 (2012)], the newly developed frequency-domain QM/EM method could effectively capture the dynamic properties of electronic devices over a broader range of operating frequencies. The system is divided into QM and EM regions and solved in a self-consistent manner via updating the boundary conditions at the QM and EM interface. The calculated potential distributions and current densities at the interface are taken as the boundary conditions for the QM and EM calculations, respectively, which facilitate the information exchange between the QM and EM calculations and ensure that the potential, charge, and current distributions are continuous across the QM/EM interface. Via Fourier transformation, the dynamic admittance calculated from the time-domain and frequency-domain QM/EM methods is compared for a carbon nanotube based molecular device.

  7. ADAPTIVE FINITE ELEMENT FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHOD FOR EDDY CURRENT PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Weiying

    ADAPTIVE FINITE ELEMENT FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHOD FOR EDDY CURRENT PROBLEMS WEIYING ZHENG-harmonic eddy current problems in the case of three-dimensional isotropic and linear materials. We adopt. Time-harmonic Maxwell's equations, eddy current, adaptive finite element method, multiply connected

  8. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Area (Thomas, 1986) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy InformationOpen

  9. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy

  10. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy1974) |

  11. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    were designed to assess the Long Valley hydrothermal system and to identify possible deep geothermal drilling targets beneath the western portion of the caldera. Notes The...

  12. Time-Domain Studies as a Probe of Stellar Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Adam Andrew

    2013-01-01

    4.2.1 Photometry . . . . . . . . . . . . .Infrared Photometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.3.3ASAS Photometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.3.2

  13. A VECTOR FINITE ELEMENT TIME-DOMAIN METHOD FOR ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SIAM (#1) 1035 2001 Apr 10 12:32:38

    2001-08-14

    voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR), and reflection coefficient are shown in Table 8. .... C. D. Turner, VOLMAX: A solid model based transient volumetric Maxwell.

  14. NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF MEASURED TIME DOMAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    discontinuities shows that upstream reflection amplitudes in excess of 100m will begin to influence a downstream was a 72mm crimp. However, the influence of an upstream shear on a downstream crimp was detected discontinuity by reducing the downstream reflection amplitude. Studies of two or three shear discontinuities

  15. Parallel Algorithms for Time and Frequency Domain Circuit Simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Wei

    2010-10-12

    solution to circuit simulation besides the known application of distributed-memory clustered computing platforms, which provides abundant hardware computing resources. This research addresses the limitations of traditional serial circuit simulations...

  16. TIME-DOMAIN EQUALIZER DESIGN FOR DISCRETE MIJLTITONE SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adali, Tulay

    by Maryland Industrial Part- nerships and Nortel Networks under grants MIPS-2218.12and MIPS-2218.24 The outputs of the encoder are grouped into QAM sub- symbols. A complex-to-real inverse fast Fourier transform corresponding to the cyclic prefix, the outputs of the TEQ are processed by the fast Fourier transform (FFT

  17. Adaptive Finite Element Method for Time-domain Maxwell's ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuhao Cao supervised under Professor Cai

    2013-10-31

    Oct 11, 2013 ... Avoiding the pollution of the finite element approximation, a.k.a. the spurious modes. Lowest-order element's DoFs associated with edges, and.

  18. Time Domain Identification of PWM Converters for Digital Controllers Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Sam Ben-Yaakov Power Electronics Laboratory Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Ben interpretation of the output response. The effects of switching and quantization noise were overcome by choosing and noise immunity, and additional manipulations of the data records (by cross-correlation and Fourier

  19. Step-scan time-domain terahertz magneto-spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -transmission spectra of linearly polarized THz pulses through the hole gas of a Ge sample and the electron gas of Ga trans- parency in a semiconductor magneto-plasma," Nat. Phys. 6, 126­130 (2010). 5. X. Wang, D. J Resonance," in Methods in Materials Research, E. N. Kaufmann, ed. (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2001). 9. D

  20. Category:Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to:RAPID Roadmap ContactRockEuropeTelluric Survey

  1. Performance Assessment Report Domain CHP System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Performance Assessment Report for the Domain CHP System November 2005 By Burns & McDonnell Engineering #12;Domain CHP System Performance Assessment Report for the Packaged Cooling, Heating and Power

  2. Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is shown in purple and red, emphasizing the anti-phase domain wall. Any points where the wave functions are out of phase with each other can act as an orbital domain boundary. To...

  3. Effective Supergravity for Supergravity Domain Walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Cvetic; N. D. Lambert

    2002-05-23

    We discuss the low energy effective action for the Bosonic and Fermionic zero-modes of a smooth BPS Randall-Sundrum domain wall, including the induced supergravity on the wall. The result is a pure supergravity in one lower dimension. In particular, and in contrast to non-gravitational domain walls or domain walls in a compact space, the zero-modes representing transverse fluctuations of domain wall have vanishing action.

  4. Domain Controlled Architecture A New Approach for Large Scale Software Integrated Automotive Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kühnhauser, Winfried

    Domain Controlled Architecture A New Approach for Large Scale Software Integrated Automotive Scale Software Integration, LSSI, Automotive Real Time, Multi-core, Many-core, Embedded Automo- tive mobility domain. The automotive in- dustry is confronted with a rising system complexity and several

  5. Polarization reversal and domain kinetics in magnesium doped stoichiometric lithium tantalate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shur, V. Ya., E-mail: vladimir.shur@urfu.ru; Akhmatkhanov, A. R.; Baturin, I. S. [Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Labfer Ltd., 620014 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Chuvakova, M. A. [Institute of Natural Sciences, Ural Federal University, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

    2014-10-13

    The polarization reversal process has been studied in 1?mol.?% MgO doped stoichiometric lithium tantalate (LT) single crystal. The revealed stages of domain structure evolution represent (1) continuous nucleation and growth of isolated hexagonal domains with walls oriented along Y directions and (2) continuous motion of the plane domain walls stimulated by merging with isolated domains. The activation field dependence of the switching time has been revealed. The coercive field for quasi-static switching is about 150?V/mm. The bulk screening process has been analyzed. The main parameters of the switching process have been compared with other representatives of LT family.

  6. Domain embedding preconditioners for mixed systems 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winther, Ragnar

    Domain embedding preconditioners for mixed systems 1 Torgeir Rusten SINTEF, P. O. Box 124 Blindern preconditioners for the corresponding discrete linear systems where an embedding of the domain papers discussing domain embedding as a tool for solving discrete systems we refer to Astrakhantsev [4

  7. Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains Zeynep K#16;z#16;ltan Computer Science Division an application domain as a family of CSP models, so as to exhibit the generic constraint store for all models store and the domain propagation during search is analysed, so as to infer | before modelling any CSP

  8. Spherical Domain Wall Collapse in a Dust Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norihiro Tanahashi; Chul-Moon Yoo

    2015-05-13

    To clarify observational consequence of bubble nucleations in inflationary era, we analyse dynamics of a spherical domain wall in an expanding universe. We consider a spherical shell of the domain wall with tension $\\sigma$ collapsing in a spherically-symmetric dust universe, which is initially separated into the open Friedmann-Lema\\^itre-Robertson-Walker universe inside the shell and the Einstein-de Sitter universe outside. The domain wall shell collapses due to the tension, and sweeps the dust fluid. The universe after the collapse becomes inhomogeneous and is described by the Lema\\^itre-Tolman-Bondi model. We construct solutions describing this inhomogeneous universe by solving dynamical equations obtained from Israel's junction conditions applied to this system. We find that a black hole forms after the domain wall collapse for any initial condition, and that the black hole mass at the moment of its formation is universally given by $M_{\\rm BH}\\simeq 17 \\sigma/H_{\\rm hc}$, where $H_{\\rm hc}$ is the Hubble parameter at the time when the shell radius becomes equal to the Hubble radius. We also find that the dust fluid is distributed as $\\rho\\propto R^{3/2}$ near the central region after the collapse, where $R$ is the area radius. These features would provide observable signatures of a spherical domain wall generated in the early universe.

  9. Domain architecture evolution of pattern-recognition receptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qing; Zmasek, Christian M.; Godzik, Adam

    2010-01-01

    1 ORIGINAL PAPER Domain architecture evolution of pattern-in the same domain architectures evolving independentlythe choices of domain architectures for new members in the

  10. Word Domain Disambiguation via Word Sense Disambiguation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Tratz, Stephen C.; Gregory, Michelle L.

    2006-06-04

    Word subject domains have been widely used to improve the perform-ance of word sense disambiguation al-gorithms. However, comparatively little effort has been devoted so far to the disambiguation of word subject do-mains. The few existing approaches have focused on the development of al-gorithms specific to word domain dis-ambiguation. In this paper we explore an alternative approach where word domain disambiguation is achieved via word sense disambiguation. Our study shows that this approach yields very strong results, suggesting that word domain disambiguation can be ad-dressed in terms of word sense disam-biguation with no need for special purpose algorithms.

  11. Domain Bubbles of Extra Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, J R

    2003-01-01

    ``Dimension bubbles'' of the type previously studied by Blau and Guendelman [S.K. Blau and E.I. Guendelman, Phys. Rev. D40, 1909 (1989)], which effectively enclose a region of 5d spacetime and are surrounded by a region of 4d spacetime, can arise in a 5d theory with a compact extra dimension that is dimensionally reduced to give an effective 4d theory. These bubbles with thin domain walls can be stabilized against total collapse in a rather natural way by a scalar field which, as in the case with ``ordinary'' nontopological solitons, traps light scalar particles inside the bubble.

  12. Domain Bubbles of Extra Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. R. Morris

    2002-11-19

    ``Dimension bubbles'' of the type previously studied by Blau and Guendelman [S.K. Blau and E.I. Guendelman, Phys. Rev. D40, 1909 (1989)], which effectively enclose a region of 5d spacetime and are surrounded by a region of 4d spacetime, can arise in a 5d theory with a compact extra dimension that is dimensionally reduced to give an effective 4d theory. These bubbles with thin domain walls can be stabilized against total collapse in a rather natural way by a scalar field which, as in the case with ``ordinary'' nontopological solitons, traps light scalar particles inside the bubble.

  13. Domain wall conduction in multiaxial ferroelectrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eliseev, E. A.; Morozovska, A. N.; Svechnikov, S. V.; Maksymovych, Petro; Kalinin, Sergei V

    2012-01-01

    The conductance of domain wall structures consisting of either stripes or cylindrical domains in multiaxial ferroelectric-semiconductors is analyzed. The effects of the flexoelectric coupling, domain size, wall tilt, and curvature on charge accumulation are analyzed using the Landau-Ginsburg Devonshire theory for polarization vector combined with the Poisson equation for charge distributions. The proximity and size effect of the electron and donor accumulation/depletion by thin stripe domains and cylindrical nanodomains are revealed. In contrast to thick domain stripes and wider cylindrical domains, in which the carrier accumulation (and so the static conductivity) sharply increases at the domain walls only, small nanodomains of radii less than 5-10 correlation lengths appeared conducting across the entire cross-section. Implications of such conductive nanosized channels may be promising for nanoelectronics.

  14. Pedestrian flows in bounded domains with obstacles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benedetto Piccoli; Andrea Tosin

    2008-12-23

    In this paper we systematically apply the mathematical structures by time-evolving measures developed in a previous work to the macroscopic modeling of pedestrian flows. We propose a discrete-time Eulerian model, in which the space occupancy by pedestrians is described via a sequence of Radon positive measures generated by a push-forward recursive relation. We assume that two fundamental aspects of pedestrian behavior rule the dynamics of the system: On the one hand, the will to reach specific targets, which determines the main direction of motion of the walkers; on the other hand, the tendency to avoid crowding, which introduces interactions among the individuals. The resulting model is able to reproduce several experimental evidences of pedestrian flows pointed out in the specialized literature, being at the same time much easier to handle, from both the analytical and the numerical point of view, than other models relying on nonlinear hyperbolic conservation laws. This makes it suitable to address two-dimensional applications of practical interest, chiefly the motion of pedestrians in complex domains scattered with obstacles.

  15. Building accurate initial models using gain functions for waveform inversion in the Laplace domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wansoo Ha; Changsoo Shin

    2014-08-20

    We suggest an initial model building technique using time gain functions in the Laplace domain. Applying the gain expressed as a power of time is equivalent to taking the partial derivative of the Laplace-domain wavefield with respect to a damping constant. We construct an objective function, which minimizes the logarithmic differences between the gained field data and the partial derivative of the modeled data with respect to the damping constant. We calculate the modeled wavefield, the partial derivative wavefield, and the gradient direction in the Laplace domain using the analytic Green's function starting from a constant velocity model. This is an efficient method to generate an accurate initial model for a following Laplace-domain inversion. Numerical examples using two marine field datasets confirm that a starting model updated once from a scratch using the gradient direction calculated with the proposed method can be successfully used for a subsequent Laplace-domain inversion.

  16. FrequencyDomain Sonar Processing in FPGAs and DSPs \\Lambda Paul Graham and Brent Nelson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Brent E.

    and third stages are performed 10; 000 times and thus represent the bulk of the computational load. Pseudo­code the magnitude and phase). Algorithm 1 Pseudo­Code for Frequency­Domain Beam­ forming (single beam, 2nd stage

  17. Frequency-Domain Sonar Processing in FPGAs and DSPs Paul Graham and Brent Nelson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Brent E.

    and third stages are performed 10, 000 times and thus represent the bulk of the computational load. Pseudo-code the magnitude and phase). Algorithm 1 Pseudo-Code for Frequency-Domain Beam- forming (single beam, 2nd stage

  18. Detecting Networks Employing Algorithmically Generated Domain Names 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashwath Kumar Krishna Reddy

    2011-10-21

    , current botnets use simple pseudo-random generators which may not preserve the distribution of alphabets or bigrams (two consecutive alphabets) as usually occur in legitimate domain name strings. In this regards, we propose several metrics to classify a... generates. For instance, in the extreme scenario that a botnet generates 50 domains mapped to the same TLD, we show that KL-divergence over unigrams achieves 100% detection accuracy albeit at 15% false positive rate (legitimate domain groups clas- 7 si ed...

  19. Charm physics with Moebius Domain Wall Fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Jüttner; Francesco Sanfilippo; Justus Tobias Tsang; Peter Boyle; Marina Marinkovic; Shoji Hashimoto; Takashi Kaneko; Yong-Gwi Cho

    2015-01-04

    We present results showing that Domain Wall fermions are a suitable discretisation for the simulation of heavy quarks. This is done by a continuum scaling study of charm quarks in a M\\"obius Domain Wall formalism using a quenched set-up. We find that discretisation effects remain well controlled by the choice of Domain Wall parameters preparing the ground work for the ongoing dynamical $2+1f$ charm program of RBC/UKQCD.

  20. Charm physics with Moebius Domain Wall Fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jüttner, Andreas; Tsang, Justus Tobias; Boyle, Peter; Marinkovic, Marina; Hashimoto, Shoji; Kaneko, Takashi; Cho, Yong-Gwi

    2015-01-01

    We present results showing that Domain Wall fermions are a suitable discretisation for the simulation of heavy quarks. This is done by a continuum scaling study of charm quarks in a M\\"obius Domain Wall formalism using a quenched set-up. We find that discretisation effects remain well controlled by the choice of Domain Wall parameters preparing the ground work for the ongoing dynamical $2+1f$ charm program of RBC/UKQCD.

  1. Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit...

  2. Integral Domains Inside Noetherian Power Series Rings ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-05-21

    Another theme is an analysis of extensions of integral domains R ?? S ...... TOOLS. Flatness is preserved by several standard ring constructions as we record in.

  3. Regional characteristics, tilt domains, and extensional history...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Report Number 303 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Regional characteristics, tilt domains, and extensional history of the...

  4. Statistical Stability and Time-Reversal Imgaing in Random Media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berryman, J; Borcea, L; Papanicolaou, G; Tsogka, C

    2002-02-05

    Localization of targets imbedded in a heterogeneous background medium is a common problem in seismic, ultrasonic, and electromagnetic imaging problems. The best imaging techniques make direct use of the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of the array response matrix, as recent work on time-reversal acoustics has shown. Of the various imaging functionals studied, one that is representative of a preferred class is a time-domain generalization of MUSIC (MUltiple Signal Classification), which is a well-known linear subspace method normally applied only in the frequency domain. Since statistical stability is not characteristic of the frequency domain, a transform back to the time domain after first diagonalizing the array data in the frequency domain takes optimum advantage of both the time-domain stability and the frequency-domain orthogonality of the relevant eigenfunctions.

  5. Diary of a domain analyst: a domain analysis case-study from avionics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Tim

    . In this paper, we describe a domain analysis case-study in the domain of aero-engine systems. The principle-STUDY: AERO-ENGINE STARTING SYSTEMS We chose aero-engine starting systems as the domain to be analysed, taking

  6. NATIONAL PLAN TO ACHIEVE MARITIME DOMAIN AWARENESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    NATIONAL PLAN TO ACHIEVE MARITIME DOMAIN AWARENESS FOR THE NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR MARITIME SECURITY OCTOBER 2005 #12;National Strategy for Maritime Security: National Plan to Achieve Maritime Domain Awareness i FOREWORD By signing National Security Presidential Directive-41/Homeland Security Presidential

  7. Automotion of domain walls for spintronic interconnects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nikonov, Dmitri E.; Manipatruni, Sasikanth; Young, Ian A.

    2014-06-07

    We simulate “automotion,” the transport of a magnetic domain wall under the influence of demagnetization and magnetic anisotropy, in nanoscale spintronic interconnects. In contrast to spin transfer driven magnetic domain wall motion, the proposed interconnects operate without longitudinal charge current transfer, with only a transient current pulse at domain wall creation and have favorable scaling down to the 20?nm dimension. Cases of both in-plane and out-of-plane magnetization are considered. Analytical dependence of the velocity of domain walls on the angle of magnetization are compared with full micromagnetic simulations. Deceleration, attenuation and disappearance, and reflection of domain walls are demonstrated through simulation. Dependences of the magnetization angle on the current pulse parameters are studied. The energy and delay analysis suggests that automotion is an attractive option for spintronic logic interconnects.

  8. Segmenting Time Series for Weather Forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiter, Ehud

    summarisation. We found three alternative ways in which we could model data summarisation. One approach is based turbines. In the domain of meteorology, time series data produced by numerical weather prediction (NWP) models is summarised as weather forecast texts. In the domain of gas turbines, sensor data from

  9. Dual-domain lateral shearing interferometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Naulleau, Patrick P.; Goldberg, Kenneth Alan

    2004-03-16

    The phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer (PS/PDI) was developed to address the problem of at-wavelength metrology of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) optical systems. Although extremely accurate, the fact that the PS/PDI is limited to use with coherent EUV sources, such as undulator radiation, is a drawback for its widespread use. An alternative to the PS/PDI, with relaxed coherence requirements, is lateral shearing interferometry (LSI). The use of a cross-grating, carrier-frequency configuration to characterize a large-field 4.times.-reduction EUV lithography optic is demonstrated. The results obtained are directly compared with PS/PDI measurements. A defocused implementation of the lateral shearing interferometer in which an image-plane filter allows both phase-shifting and Fourier wavefront recovery. The two wavefront recovery methods can be combined in a dual-domain technique providing suppression of noise added by self-interference of high-frequency components in the test-optic wavefront.

  10. Model reduction in physical domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ye, Yong, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Modeling is an essential part of the analysis and the design of dynamic systems. Contemporary computer algorithms can produce very detailed models for complex systems with little time and effort. However, over complicated ...

  11. Axial current generation by P-odd domains in QCD matter

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Iatrakis, Ioannis; Yin, Yi; Lin, Shu

    2015-06-23

    The dynamics of topological domains which break parity (P) and charge-parity (CP) symmetry of QCD are studied. We derive in a general setting that those local domains will generate an axial current and quantify the strength of the induced axial current. Thus, our findings are verified in a top-down holographic model. The relation between the real time dynamics of those local domains and the chiral magnetic field is also elucidated. We finally argue that such an induced axial current would be phenomenologically important in a heavy-ion collisions experiment.

  12. Domain-independent information extraction in unstructured text

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Irwin, N.H.

    1996-09-01

    Extracting information from unstructured text has become an important research area in recent years due to the large amount of text now electronically available. This status report describes the findings and work done during the second year of a two-year Laboratory Directed Research and Development Project. Building on the first-year`s work of identifying important entities, this report details techniques used to group words into semantic categories and to output templates containing selective document content. Using word profiles and category clustering derived during a training run, the time-consuming knowledge-building task can be avoided. Though the output still lacks in completeness when compared to systems with domain-specific knowledge bases, the results do look promising. The two approaches are compatible and could complement each other within the same system. Domain-independent approaches retain appeal as a system that adapts and learns will soon outpace a system with any amount of a priori knowledge.

  13. A Linked-Cell Domain Decomposition Method for Molecular Dynamics Simulation on a Scalable Multiprocessor

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yang, L.H.; Brooks III, E.D.; Belak, J.

    1992-01-01

    A molecular dynamics algorithm for performing large-scale simulations using the Parallel C Preprocessor (PCP) programming paradigm on the BBN TC2000, a massively parallel computer, is discussed. The algorithm uses a linked-cell data structure to obtain the near neighbors of each atom as time evoles. Each processor is assigned to a geometric domain containing many subcells and the storage for that domain is private to the processor. Within this scheme, the interdomain (i.e., interprocessor) communication is minimized.

  14. Localized Domains of Disoriented Chiral Condensates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. K. Nandi; T. K. Nayak; B. Mohanty; D. P. Mahapatra; Y. P. Viyogi

    1999-03-12

    A new method to search for localized domains of disoriented chiral condensates (DCC) has been proposed by utilising the (eta-phi) phase space distributions of charged particles and photons. Using the discrete wavelet transformation (DWT) analysis technique, it has been found that the presence of DCC domains broadens the distribution of wavelet coefficients in comparison to that of normal events. Strength contours have been derived from the differences in rms deviations of these distributions by taking into account the size of DCC domains and the probability of DCC production in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. This technique can be suitably adopted to experiments measuring multiplicities of charged particles and photons.

  15. Buried thermoplastic layer diagnostics by the use of combined frequency-domain and impulse response photo-thermo-mechanical radiometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandelis, Andreas

    Buried thermoplastic layer diagnostics by the use of combined frequency- domain and impulse to the problem of characterizing the thermoplastic layer thickness sandwiched between two metal foils used component due to the thermal expansion of the thermoplastic layer, is presented. The time domain impulse

  16. Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    -- Domain knowledge is an essential factor for forecasting energy demand. This paper introduces a method knowledge substantially improves energy demand forecasting accuracy. However, domain knowledge may differ. The first stage automatically captures energy demand forecasting domain knowledge through nonlinear

  17. Domain Decomposition Methods for a Complementarity Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Xiao-Chuan

    Domain Decomposition Methods for a Complementarity Problem Haijian Yang1 and Xiao-Chuan Cai2 1 under grants CCF-0634894 and CNS-0722023. 1 #12;2 Haijian Yang and Xiao-Chuan Cai with partial

  18. Transmission eigenvalues for strictly concave domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgi Vodev

    2015-01-05

    We prove that for strictly concave domains much larger transmission eigenvalue-free regions exist. As a consequence, we get Weyl asymptotics for the total counting function with an almost optimal remainder term.

  19. Antiferromagnetic domain size and exchange bias 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzsimmons, M. R.; Lederman, D.; Cheon, M.; Shi, H.; Olamit, J.; Roshchin, Igor V.; Schuller, Ivan K.

    2008-01-01

    Using neutron diffraction, we measured the sizes of antiferromagnetic domains in three ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayer samples as a function of the magnitude and sign of exchange bias, temperature, and antiferromagnet composition. Neutron...

  20. Frequency domain design of interval controller 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Wunyong

    1993-01-01

    Subject: Electrical Engineering FREQUENCY DOMAIN DFSIGN OF INTERVAL CONTROLLER A Thesis by WUNYONG PARK Approved as to style and content by: S. P. Bhattacharyyd (Chair of Committee) C. N. Georghiades (Member) A. Datta (Member) S. Jayasuriya... (Member) . H. Keel (Member) A. Patton (Head of Department) May 1993 111 ABSTRACT Frequency Domain Design of Interval Controller. (May 1993) Wunyong Park, B. S. , Yon Sei University; M. S. , Yon Sei University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. S...

  1. Structured hints : extracting and abstracting domain expertise.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hereld, M.; Stevens, R.; Sterling, T.; Gao, G. R.; Mathematics and Computer Science; California Inst. of Tech.; Louisiana State Univ.; Univ. of Delaware

    2009-03-16

    We propose a new framework for providing information to help optimize domain-specific application codes. Its design addresses problems that derive from the widening gap between the domain problem statement by domain experts and the architectural details of new and future high-end computing systems. The design is particularly well suited to program execution models that incorporate dynamic adaptive methodologies for live tuning of program performance and resource utilization. This new framework, which we call 'structured hints', couples a vocabulary of annotations to a suite of performance metrics. The immediate target is development of a process by which a domain expert describes characteristics of objects and methods in the application code that would not be readily apparent to the compiler; the domain expert provides further information about what quantities might provide the best indications of desirable effect; and the interactive preprocessor identifies potential opportunities for the domain expert to evaluate. Our development of these ideas is progressing in stages from case study, through manual implementation, to automatic or semi-automatic implementation. In this paper we discuss results from our case study, an examination of a large simulation of a neural network modeled after the neocortex.

  2. Direct Visualization of Magnetoelectric Domains | U.S. DOE Office...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    image of ferroelectric domains in hexagonal erbium manganite. Image size: 16 x 16 m2. Blue (red) color denotes domains with up (down) electric polarization. Right:...

  3. Dual-domain point diffraction interferometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Naulleau, Patrick P. (5239 Miles Ave., Apt. A, Oakland, CA 94618); Goldberg, Kenneth Alan (1195 Keeler Ave., Berkeley, CA 94708)

    2000-01-01

    A hybrid spatial/temporal-domain point diffraction interferometer (referred to as the dual-domain PS/PDI) that is capable of suppressing the scattered-reference-light noise that hinders the conventional PS/PDI is provided. The dual-domain PS/PDI combines the separate noise-suppression capabilities of the widely-used phase-shifting and Fourier-transform fringe pattern analysis methods. The dual-domain PS/PDI relies on both a more restrictive implementation of the image plane PS/PDI mask and a new analysis method to be applied to the interferograms generated and recorded by the modified PS/PDI. The more restrictive PS/PDI mask guarantees the elimination of spatial-frequency crosstalk between the signal and the scattered-light noise arising from scattered-reference-light interfering with the test beam. The new dual-domain analysis method is then used to eliminate scattered-light noise arising from both the scattered-reference-light interfering with the test beam and the scattered-reference-light interfering with the "true" pinhole-diffracted reference light. The dual-domain analysis method has also been demonstrated to provide performance enhancement when using the non-optimized standard PS/PDI design. The dual-domain PS/PDI is essentially a three-tiered filtering system composed of lowpass spatial-filtering the test-beam electric field using the more restrictive PS/PDI mask, bandpass spatial-filtering the individual interferogram irradiance frames making up the phase-shifting series, and bandpass temporal-filtering the phase-shifting series as a whole.

  4. Fast Frequency-domain Waveforms for Spin-Precessing Binary Inspirals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antoine Klein; Neil Cornish; Nicolás Yunes

    2014-12-09

    The detection and characterization of gravitational wave signals from compact binary coalescence events relies on accurate waveform templates in the frequency domain. The stationary phase approximation (SPA) can be used to compute closed-form frequency-domain waveforms for non-precessing, quasi-circular binary inspirals. However, until now, no fast frequency-domain waveforms have existed for generic, spin-precessing quasi-circular compact binary inspirals. Templates for these systems have had to be computed via a discrete Fourier transform of finely sampled time-domain waveforms, which is far more computationally expensive than those constructed directly in the frequency-domain, especially for those systems that are dominated by the inspiral part. There are two obstacles to deriving frequency-domain waveforms for precessing systems: (i) the spin-precession equations do not admit closed-form solutions for generic systems; (ii) the SPA fails catastrophically. Presently there is no general solution to the first problem, so we must resort to numerical integration of the spin precession equations. This is not a significant obstacle, as numerical integration on the slow precession timescale adds very little to the computational cost of generating the waveforms. Our main result is to solve the second problem, by providing an alternative to the SPA that we call the method of Shifted Uniform Asymptotics, or SUA, that cures the divergences in the SPA. The construction of frequency-domain templates using the SUA can be orders of magnitude more efficient than the time-domain ones obtained through a discrete Fourier transform. Moreover, this method is very faithful to the discrete Fourier transform, with mismatches on the order of $10^{-5}$.

  5. Polarized Neutron Reflectometry of Nickel Corrosion Inhibitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Mary. H.; Welbourn, Rebecca J. L.; Zarbakhsh, Ali; Gutfreund, Philipp; Clarke, Stuart M.

    2015-06-07

    period of 24 hours to ensure equilibration was attained. The solid was then separated by centrifugation, and the final concentration of the supernatant in each case measured using a Total Organic Carbon Analyser (Sievers InnovOx 3.00). PNR PNR... the reflectivity of the two aforementioned spin states without polarisation analysis. The beam footprint on the sample was fixed to (35 x 35) mm2 and the angular divergence of the incoming beam was ??/? = 3 % (FWHM). Two nickel-sputtered silicon substrates (from...

  6. Domain Assignment to Transcription FactorsDomain Assignment to Transcription Factors 412 Proteins with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    Domain Assignment to Transcription FactorsDomain Assignment to Transcription Factors 412 Proteins with at least one SCOP DBD assignment 412 Proteins with at least one SCOP DBD assignment 7 proteins with PFAM DBD assignment 7 proteins with PFAM DBD assignment 419 proteins with DBD assignment419 proteins

  7. Rings & Arithmetic 2: Integral domains Thursday, 13 October 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    Rings & Arithmetic 2: Integral domains and fields Thursday, 13 October 2005 Lectures for Part A of Oxford FHS in Mathematics and Joint Schools · Units in a ring · Integral domains; examples · Fields; examples · Characteristic of an integral domain · Field of fractions of an integral domain 0 #12;Units

  8. Thermodynamics of free Domain Wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. V. Gavai; Sayantan Sharma

    2008-11-19

    Studying various thermodynamic quantities for the free domain wall fermions for both finite and infinite fifth dimensional extent N_5, we find that the lattice corrections are minimum for $N_T\\geq10$ for both energy density and susceptibility, for its irrelevant parameter M in the range 1.45-1.50. The correction terms are, however, quite large for small lattice sizes of $N_T\\leq8$. We propose modifications of the domain wall operator, as well as the overlap operator, to reduce the finite cut-off effects to within 10% of the continuum results of the thermodynamic quantities for the currently used N_T=6-8 lattices. Incorporating chemical potential, we show that \\mu^2 divergences are absent for a large class of such domain wall fermion actions although the chiral symmetry is broken for $\\mu\

  9. Standing gravitational waves from domain walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merab Gogberashvili; Shynaray Myrzakul; Douglas Singleton

    2009-07-19

    We construct a plane symmetric, standing gravitational wave for a domain wall plus a massless scalar field. The scalar field can be associated with a fluid which has the properties of `stiff' matter, i.e. matter in which the speed of sound equals the speed of light. Although domain walls are observationally ruled out in the present era the solution has interesting features which might shed light on the character of exact non-linear wave solutions to Einstein's equations. Additionally this solution may act as a template for higher dimensional 'brane-world' model standing waves.

  10. Assessment of current cybersecurity practices in the public domain : cyber indications and warnings domain.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamlet, Jason R.; Keliiaa, Curtis M.

    2010-09-01

    This report assesses current public domain cyber security practices with respect to cyber indications and warnings. It describes cybersecurity industry and government activities, including cybersecurity tools, methods, practices, and international and government-wide initiatives known to be impacting current practice. Of particular note are the U.S. Government's Trusted Internet Connection (TIC) and 'Einstein' programs, which are serving to consolidate the Government's internet access points and to provide some capability to monitor and mitigate cyber attacks. Next, this report catalogs activities undertaken by various industry and government entities. In addition, it assesses the benchmarks of HPC capability and other HPC attributes that may lend themselves to assist in the solution of this problem. This report draws few conclusions, as it is intended to assess current practice in preparation for future work, however, no explicit references to HPC usage for the purpose of analyzing cyber infrastructure in near-real-time were found in the current practice. This report and a related SAND2010-4766 National Cyber Defense High Performance Computing and Analysis: Concepts, Planning and Roadmap report are intended to provoke discussion throughout a broad audience about developing a cohesive HPC centric solution to wide-area cybersecurity problems.

  11. Proton decay matrix elements with domain-wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Aoki; C. Dawson; J. Noaki; A. Soni

    2006-09-18

    Hadronic matrix elements of operators relevant to nucleon decay in grand unified theories are calculated numerically using lattice QCD. In this context, the domain-wall fermion formulation, combined with non-perturbative renormalization, is used for the first time. These techniques bring reduction of a large fraction of the systematic error from the finite lattice spacing. Our main effort is devoted to a calculation performed in the quenched approximation, where the direct calculation of the nucleon to pseudoscalar matrix elements, as well as the indirect estimate of them from the nucleon to vacuum matrix elements, are performed. First results, using two flavors of dynamical domain-wall quarks for the nucleon to vacuum matrix elements are also presented to address the systematic error of quenching, which appears to be small compared to the other errors. Our results suggest that the representative value for the low energy constants from the nucleon to vacuum matrix elements are given as |alpha| simeq |beta| simeq 0.01 GeV^3. For a more reliable estimate of the physical low energy matrix elements, it is better to use the relevant form factors calculated in the direct method. The direct method tends to give smaller value of the form factors, compared to the indirect one, thus enhancing the proton life-time; indeed for the pi^0 final state the difference between the two methods is quite appreciable.

  12. Nucleic acids encoding a cellulose binding domain

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

    1996-03-05

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 15 figs.

  13. Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanram, Kartik

    Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition Quming Zhou, Kai Sun, Kartik Mohanram, Danny C referred to as the power grid. The power grid for a modern integrated circuit may consist of several grid is traditionally described as a large-scale linear system. Simulation of power grids usually

  14. Nucleic acids encoding a cellulose binding domain

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  15. Solitons and Domain Walls in Odd Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. D. Lambert; G. W. Gibbons

    2000-07-04

    We discuss the existance of smooth soliton solutions which interpolate between supersymmetric vacua in odd-dimensional theories. In particular we apply this analysis to a wide class of supergravities to argue against the existence of smooth domain walls interpolating between supersymmetric vacua. We find that if the superpotential changes sign then any Goldstino modes will diverge.

  16. Domain switching in polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jiangyu

    ARTICLES Domain switching in polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramics J. Y. LI1, R. C. ROGAN2,3, E:10.1038/nmat1485 Ferroelectric ceramics are widely used as sensors and actuators for their electro collective process in commercially used polycrystalline ceramics that are agglomerations of a very large

  17. Reduction of Economic Inequality in Combinatorial Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koolen, Marijn

    for assessing the fairness of a mechanism is the level of economic equality it can ensure. If it producesReduction of Economic Inequality in Combinatorial Domains Ulle Endriss Institute for Logic economic inequality, such as the Lorenz curve and the Gini index, are widely used in the social sciences

  18. Structural and Histone Binding Ability Characterizations of Human PWWP Domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Hong; Zeng, Hong; Lam, Robert; Tempel, Wolfram; Amaya, Maria F.; Xu, Chao; Dombrovski, Ludmila; Qiu, Wei; Wang, Yanming; Min, Jinrong (Toronto); (Penn)

    2013-09-25

    The PWWP domain was first identified as a structural motif of 100-130 amino acids in the WHSC1 protein and predicted to be a protein-protein interaction domain. It belongs to the Tudor domain 'Royal Family', which consists of Tudor, chromodomain, MBT and PWWP domains. While Tudor, chromodomain and MBT domains have long been known to bind methylated histones, PWWP was shown to exhibit histone binding ability only until recently. The PWWP domain has been shown to be a DNA binding domain, but sequence analysis and previous structural studies show that the PWWP domain exhibits significant similarity to other 'Royal Family' members, implying that the PWWP domain has the potential to bind histones. In order to further explore the function of the PWWP domain, we used the protein family approach to determine the crystal structures of the PWWP domains from seven different human proteins. Our fluorescence polarization binding studies show that PWWP domains have weak histone binding ability, which is also confirmed by our NMR titration experiments. Furthermore, we determined the crystal structures of the BRPF1 PWWP domain in complex with H3K36me3, and HDGF2 PWWP domain in complex with H3K79me3 and H4K20me3. PWWP proteins constitute a new family of methyl lysine histone binders. The PWWP domain consists of three motifs: a canonical {beta}-barrel core, an insertion motif between the second and third {beta}-strands and a C-terminal {alpha}-helix bundle. Both the canonical {beta}-barrel core and the insertion motif are directly involved in histone binding. The PWWP domain has been previously shown to be a DNA binding domain. Therefore, the PWWP domain exhibits dual functions: binding both DNA and methyllysine histones.

  19. Disaster SitRep -A Vertical Search Engine and Information Analysis Tool in Disaster Management Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shu-Ching

    together to apply world class computing tools to deliver the right information to the right people at the right time. Needs for heterogeneous information integration in disaster management domain: People haveDisaster SitRep - A Vertical Search Engine and Information Analysis Tool in Disaster Management

  20. Inflationary power asymmetry from primordial domain walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jazayeri, Sadra; Firouzjahi, Hassan; Solomon, Adam R; Wang, Yi

    2014-01-01

    We study the asymmetric primordial fluctuations in a model of inflation in which translational invariance is broken by a domain wall. We calculate the corrections to the power spectrum of curvature perturbations; they are anisotropic and contain dipole, quadrupole, and higher multipoles with non-trivial scale-dependent amplitudes. Inspired by observations of these multipole asymmetries in terms of two-point correlations and variance in real space, we demonstrate that this model can explain the observed anomalous power asymmetry of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) sky, including its characteristic feature that the dipole dominates over higher multipoles. We test the viability of the model and place approximate constraints on its parameters by using observational values of dipole, quadrupole, and octopole amplitudes of the asymmetry measured by a local-variance estimator. We find that a configuration of the model in which the CMB sphere does not intersect the domain wall during inflation provides a good fi...

  1. Quantum Fusion of Domain Walls with Fluxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Bolognesi; M. Shifman; M. B. Voloshin

    2009-07-20

    We study how fluxes on the domain wall world volume modify quantum fusion of two distant parallel domain walls into a composite wall. The elementary wall fluxes can be separated into parallel and antiparallel components. The parallel component affects neither the binding energy nor the process of quantum merger. The antiparallel fluxes, instead, increase the binding energy and, against naive expectations, suppress quantum fusion. In the small flux limit we explicitly find the bounce solution and the fusion rate as a function of the flux. We argue that at large (antiparallel) fluxes there exists a critical value of the flux (versus the difference in the wall tensions), which switches off quantum fusion altogether. This phenomenon of flux-related wall stabilization is rather peculiar: it is unrelated to any conserved quantity. Our consideration of the flux-related all stabilization is based on substantiated arguments that fall short of complete proof.

  2. Light quark masses using domain wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Blum; Amarjit Soni; Matthew Wingate

    1998-09-10

    We compute the one-loop self-energy correction to the massive domain wall quark propagator. Combining this calculation with simulations at several gauge couplings, we estimate the strange quark mass in the continuum limit. The perturbative one-loop mass renormalization is comparable to that for Wilson quarks and considerably smaller than that for Kogut-Susskind quarks. Also, scaling violations appear mild in comparison to other errors at present. Given their good chiral behavior and these features, domain wall quarks are attractive for evaluating the light quark masses. Our preliminary quenched result is m_s(2 GeV) = 82(15) MeV in the ${\\bar{MS}}$ scheme.

  3. Antibodies Purification Using ELP-zz Domain Fusions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHAUDHARY, GARIMA

    2011-01-01

    Engineered Elastin-Protein A Fusion as a Universal Platformtoxin T domain-ZZ fusion protein as a pH sensitive membraneUsing ELP-zz Domain Fusions A Thesis submitted in partial

  4. Integral Closures of Ideals in Completions of Regular Local Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Integral Closures of Ideals in Completions. of Regular Local Domains. WILLIAM HEINZER, Department of Mathematics, Purdue University,. West Lafayette, IN ...

  5. Edinburgh Research Explorer Cartesian closed categories of separable Scott domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    domains' Theoretical Computer Science, vol 546, pp. 17-29., 10.1016/j.tcs.2014.02.042 Digital Object of the category of separable Scott domains. The classification employs a notion of coherence degree de- termined by the possible inconsistency patterns of sets of finite elements of a domain. Using the classification, we

  6. Defaults in Domain Theory GuoQiang Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guo-Qiang

    intelligence? Our basic observation is that partial information 1 #12; is a fundamental concept shared by both areas. Essentially, domain theory is about partial information: elements of domains are partial objects default reasoning in AI. We are, however, not claiming that domain theory can be so applied without much

  7. ON COMPLETE INTEGRAL CLOSURE AND ARCHIMEDEAN VALUATION DOMAINS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ON COMPLETE INTEGRAL CLOSURE AND ARCHIMEDEAN VALUATION DOMAINS ROBERT GILMER Abstract Suppose D is an integral domain with quotient field K and that L is an extension field of K. We show in Theorem 4 that if the complete integral closure of D is an intersection of Archimedean valuation domains on K, then the complete

  8. Parameter Estimation for the Heat Equation on Perforated Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parameter Estimation for the Heat Equation on Perforated Domains H.T. Banks1 , D. Cioranescu2 , A: Inverse problems, parameter estimation, perforated domains, homogeniza- tion, thermal diffusion, ordinary porous samples by use of solutions of a heat equation on a randomly perforated domain. As noted

  9. Lattice QCD with Domain Decomposition on Intel Xeon Phi Co-Processors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heybrock, Simon; Joo, Balint; Kalamkar, Dhiraj D.; Smelyanskiy, Mikhail; Vaidyanathan, Karthikeyan; Wettig, Tilo; Dubey, Pradeep

    2014-12-01

    The gap between the cost of moving data and the cost of computing continues to grow, making it ever harder to design iterative solvers on extreme-scale architectures. This problem can be alleviated by alternative algorithms that reduce the amount of data movement. We investigate this in the context of Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics and implement such an alternative solver algorithm, based on domain decomposition, on Intel Xeon Phi co-processor (KNC) clusters. We demonstrate close-to-linear on-chip scaling to all 60 cores of the KNC. With a mix of single- and half-precision the domain-decomposition method sustains 400-500 Gflop/s per chip. Compared to an optimized KNC implementation of a standard solver [1], our full multi-node domain-decomposition solver strong-scales to more nodes and reduces the time-to-solution by a factor of 5.

  10. Lattice QCD with Domain Decomposition on Intel Xeon Phi Co-Processors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon Heybrock; Bálint Joó; Dhiraj D. Kalamkar; Mikhail Smelyanskiy; Karthikeyan Vaidyanathan; Tilo Wettig; Pradeep Dubey

    2014-12-08

    The gap between the cost of moving data and the cost of computing continues to grow, making it ever harder to design iterative solvers on extreme-scale architectures. This problem can be alleviated by alternative algorithms that reduce the amount of data movement. We investigate this in the context of Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics and implement such an alternative solver algorithm, based on domain decomposition, on Intel Xeon Phi co-processor (KNC) clusters. We demonstrate close-to-linear on-chip scaling to all 60 cores of the KNC. With a mix of single- and half-precision the domain-decomposition method sustains 400-500 Gflop/s per chip. Compared to an optimized KNC implementation of a standard solver [1], our full multi-node domain-decomposition solver strong-scales to more nodes and reduces the time-to-solution by a factor of 5.

  11. Time parallel gravitational collapse simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreienbuehl, Andreas; Ruprecht, Daniel; Krause, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    This article demonstrates the applicability of the parallel-in-time method Parareal to the numerical solution of the Einstein gravity equations for the spherical collapse of a massless scalar field. To account for the shrinking of the spatial domain in time, a tailored load balancing scheme is proposed and compared to load balancing based on number of time steps alone. The performance of Parareal is studied for both the sub-critical and black hole case; our experiments show that Parareal generates substantial speedup and, in the super-critical regime, can also reproduce the black hole mass scaling law.

  12. Frequency Domain Storage Ring Method for Electric Dipole Moment Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talman, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Precise measurement of the electric dipole moments (EDM) of fundamental charged particles would provide a significant probe of physics beyond the standard model. Any measurably large EDM would imply violation of both time reversal and parity conservation, with implications for the matter/anti-matter imbalance of the universe, not currently understood within the standard model. A frequency domain (i.e. difference of frequencies) method is proposed for measuring the EDM of electrons or protons or, with modifications, deuterons. Anticipated precision (i.e. reproducibility) is $10^{-30}\\,$e-cm for the proton EDM, with comparable accuracy (i.e. including systematic error). This would be almost six orders of magnitude smaller than the present upper limit, and will provide a stringent test of the standard model. Resonant polarimetry, made practical by the large polarized beam charge, is the key (most novel, least proven) element of the method. Along with the phase-locked, rolling polarization "Koop spin wheel," reso...

  13. Long-range Fourier domain optical coherence tomography of the pediatric subglottis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    cat e/ijp o r l Long-range Fourier domain optical coherencechild remains intubated. Fourier domain optical coherencesec). Frequency, or ‘‘Fourier’’, domain swept source OCT (

  14. Melting Instantons, Domain Walls, and Large N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. B. Thacker

    2008-10-22

    Monte Carlo studies of $CP^{N-1}$ sigma models have shown that the structure of topological charge in these models undergoes a sharp transition at $N=N_c\\approx 4$. For $NN_c$ it is dominated by extended, thin, 1-dimensionally coherent membranes of topological charge, which can be interpreted as domain walls between discrete quasi-stable vacua. These vacua differ by a unit of background electric flux. The transition can be identified as the delocalization of topological charge, or "instanton melting," a phenomenon first suggested by Witten to resolve the conflict between instantons and large $N$ behavior. Implications for $QCD$ are discussed.

  15. A hazard of open quantum dynamics: Markov approximations encounter map domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas F. Jordan; Anil Shaji; E. C. G. Sudarshan

    2008-01-23

    A Markov approximation in open quantum dynamics can give unphysical results when a map acts on a state that is not in its domain. This is examined here in a simple example, an open quantum dynamics for one qubit in a system of two interacting qubits, for which the map domains have been described quite completely. A time interval is split into two parts and the map from the exact dynamics for the entire interval is replaced by the conjunction of that same map for both parts. If there is any correlation between the two qubits, unphysical results can appear as soon as the map conjunction is used, even for infinitesimal times. If the map is repeated an unlimited number of times, every state is at risk of being taken outside the bounds of physical meaning. Treatment by slippage of initial conditions is discussed.

  16. Conformational instability of the MARK3 UBA domain compromises ubiquitin recognition and promotes interaction with the adjacent kinase domain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, James M.; Korzhnev, Dmitry M.; Ceccarelli, Derek F.; Briant, Douglas J.; Zarrine-Afsar, Arash; Sicheri, Frank; Kay, Lewis E.; Pawson, Tony (Mount Sinai Hospital); (Toronto)

    2012-10-23

    The Par-1/MARK protein kinases play a pivotal role in establishing cellular polarity. This family of kinases contains a unique domain architecture, in which a ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain is located C-terminal to the kinase domain. We have used a combination of x-ray crystallography and NMR dynamics experiments to understand the interaction of the human (h) MARK3 UBA domain with the adjacent kinase domain as compared with ubiquitin. The x-ray crystal structure of the linked hMARK3 kinase and UBA domains establishes that the UBA domain forms a stable intramolecular interaction with the N-terminal lobe of the kinase domain. However, solution-state NMR studies of the isolated UBA domain indicate that it is highly dynamic, undergoing conformational transitions that can be explained by a folding-unfolding equilibrium. NMR titration experiments indicated that the hMARK3 UBA domain has a detectable but extremely weak affinity for mono ubiquitin, which suggests that conformational instability of the isolated hMARK3 UBA domain attenuates binding to ubiquitin despite the presence of residues typically involved in ubiquitin recognition. Our data identify a molecular mechanism through which the hMARK3 UBA domain has evolved to bind the kinase domain, in a fashion that stabilizes an open conformation of the N- and C-terminal lobes, at the expense of its capacity to engage ubiquitin. These results may be relevant more generally to the 30% of UBA domains that lack significant ubiquitin-binding activity, and they suggest a unique mechanism by which interaction domains may evolve new binding properties.

  17. Time-dependent angularly averaged inverse transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillaume Bal; Alexandre Jollivet

    2009-05-07

    This paper concerns the reconstruction of the absorption and scattering parameters in a time-dependent linear transport equation from knowledge of angularly averaged measurements performed at the boundary of a domain of interest. We show that the absorption coefficient and the spatial component of the scattering coefficient are uniquely determined by such measurements. We obtain stability results on the reconstruction of the absorption and scattering parameters with respect to the measured albedo operator. The stability results are obtained by a precise decomposition of the measurements into components with different singular behavior in the time domain.

  18. Inflationary power asymmetry from primordial domain walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadra Jazayeri; Yashar Akrami; Hassan Firouzjahi; Adam R. Solomon; Yi Wang

    2014-11-29

    We study the asymmetric primordial fluctuations in a model of inflation in which translational invariance is broken by a domain wall. We calculate the corrections to the power spectrum of curvature perturbations; they are anisotropic and contain dipole, quadrupole, and higher multipoles with non-trivial scale-dependent amplitudes. Inspired by observations of these multipole asymmetries in terms of two-point correlations and variance in real space, we demonstrate that this model can explain the observed anomalous power asymmetry of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) sky, including its characteristic feature that the dipole dominates over higher multipoles. We test the viability of the model and place approximate constraints on its parameters by using observational values of dipole, quadrupole, and octopole amplitudes of the asymmetry measured by a local-variance estimator. We find that a configuration of the model in which the CMB sphere does not intersect the domain wall during inflation provides a good fit to the data. We further derive analytic expressions for the corrections to the CMB temperature covariance matrix, or angular power spectra, which can be used in future statistical analysis of the model in spherical harmonic space.

  19. Inflationary power asymmetry from primordial domain walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jazayeri, Sadra; Akrami, Yashar; Firouzjahi, Hassan; Solomon, Adam R.; Wang, Yi E-mail: yashar.akrami@astro.uio.no E-mail: a.r.solomon@damtp.cam.ac.uk

    2014-11-01

    We study the asymmetric primordial fluctuations in a model of inflation in which translational invariance is broken by a domain wall. We calculate the corrections to the power spectrum of curvature perturbations; they are anisotropic and contain dipole, quadrupole, and higher multipoles with non-trivial scale-dependent amplitudes. Inspired by observations of these multipole asymmetries in terms of two-point correlations and variance in real space, we demonstrate that this model can explain the observed anomalous power asymmetry of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) sky, including its characteristic feature that the dipole dominates over higher multipoles. We test the viability of the model and place approximate constraints on its parameters by using observational values of dipole, quadrupole, and octopole amplitudes of the asymmetry measured by a local-variance estimator. We find that a configuration of the model in which the CMB sphere does not intersect the domain wall during inflation provides a good fit to the data. We further derive analytic expressions for the corrections to the CMB temperature covariance matrix, or angular power spectra, which can be used in future statistical analysis of the model in spherical harmonic space.

  20. 14.384 Time Series Analysis, Fall 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrimpf, Paul

    The course provides a survey of the theory and application of time series methods in econometrics. Topics covered will include univariate stationary and non-stationary models, vector autoregressions, frequency domain ...

  1. SYMBOLS FOR TIME = time variable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    =forever) Cost spent to build variation point i at time i = index over variation points #12;SYMBOLS FOR TIME to account for net present value of money r = assumed interest rate i = index over variation points Cost Expected cost summed over all relevant time intervals Cost spent to build variation point i at time r

  2. High-resolution retinal imaging using adaptive optics and Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olivier, Scot S. (Livermore, CA); Werner, John S. (Davis, CA); Zawadzki, Robert J. (Sacramento, CA); Laut, Sophie P. (Pasedena, CA); Jones, Steven M. (Livermore, CA)

    2010-09-07

    This invention permits retinal images to be acquired at high speed and with unprecedented resolution in three dimensions (4.times.4.times.6 .mu.m). The instrument achieves high lateral resolution by using adaptive optics to correct optical aberrations of the human eye in real time. High axial resolution and high speed are made possible by the use of Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography. Using this system, we have demonstrated the ability to image microscopic blood vessels and the cone photoreceptor mosaic.

  3. Cosmic Microwave Background anisotropies generated by domain wall networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sousa, L

    2015-01-01

    We develop a numerical tool for the fast computation of the temperature and polarization power spectra generated by domain wall networks, by extending the publicly available CMBACT code --- that calculates the CMB signatures generated by active sources --- to also describe domain wall networks. In order to achieve this, we adapt the Unconnected Segment model for cosmic strings to also describe domain wall networks, and use it to model the energy-momentum of domain wall networks throughout their cosmological history. We use this new tool to compute and study the TT, EE, TE and BB power spectra generated by standard domain wall networks, and derive a conservative constraint on the energy scale of the domain wall-forming phase transition of $\\upeta <0.92\\,\\,{\\rm MeV}$ (which is a slight improvement over the original Zel'dovich bound of $1\\,\\,{\\rm MeV}$).

  4. Modelling Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burra G. Sidharth

    2008-09-03

    We briefly review two concepts of time - the usual time associated with "being" and more recent ideas, answering to the description of "becoming". The approximation involved in the former is examined. Finally we argue that it is (unpredictable) fluctuations that underlie time.

  5. Quantum Fusion of Strings (Flux Tubes) and Domain Walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Bolognesi; M. Shifman; M. B. Voloshin

    2009-05-20

    We consider formation of composite strings and domain walls as a result of fusion of two elementary objects (elementary strings in the first case and elementary walls in the second) located at a distance from each other. The tension of the composite object T_2 is assumed to be less than twice the tension of the elementary object T_1, so that bound states are possible. If in the initial state the distance d between the fusing strings or walls is much larger than their thickness and satisfies the conditions T_1 d^2 >> 1 (in the string case) and T_1 d^3 >> 1 (in the wall case), the problem can be fully solved quasiclassically. The fusion probability is determined by the first, "under the barrier" stage of the process. We find the bounce configuration and its extremal action S_B. In the wall problem e^{-S_B} gives the fusion probability per unit time per unit area. In the string case, due to a logarithmic infrared divergence, the problem is well formulated only for finite-length strings. The fusion probability per unit time can be found in the limit in which the string length is much larger than the distance between two merging strings.

  6. Visualizing the Behavior of Polar Domains and Screening Charges...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Visualizing the Behavior of Polar Domains and Screening Charges Under Electric and Mechanical Fields Event Sponsor: Mathematics and Computing Science - LANS Seminar Start Date: Sep...

  7. Domain architecture evolution of pattern-recognition receptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qing; Zmasek, Christian M.; Godzik, Adam

    2010-01-01

    PRRs, the intracel- lular NOD-like receptors (NLRs) and theexpansion . Domain shuffling . NOD-like receptor . Toll-likecontaining proteins NLRs NOD-like receptors PAMPs pathogen-

  8. Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area (Montgomery, Et Al., 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

  9. Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications. Magnetic Data Storage "Rats My disk drive has crashed. How will I...

  10. Structure and Dynamics of Domains in Ferroelectric Nanostructures...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of ferroelectric domains in ferroelectric thin films and nanostructures by advanced transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques in close collaboration with phase field...

  11. Examples of integral domains inside power series rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract. We present examples of Noetherian and non-Noetherian integral do- ... over a Noetherian integral domain R and given a subfield L of the total quotient.

  12. Ultrabroadband coherence-domain imaging using parametric downconversion and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teich, Malvin C.

    Ultrabroadband coherence-domain imaging using parametric downconversion and superconducting single lithium tantalate (chirped-PPSLT) structure, in conjunction with a niobium nitride superconducting single

  13. Configuration of ripple domains and their topological defects...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    their topological defects formed under local mechanical stress on hexagonal monolayer graphene Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Configuration of ripple domains and their...

  14. National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

  15. Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition and Nanoscale Size Distribution Explains Performance in Solar Cells Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of...

  16. Hamilton-Jacobi method for Domain Walls and Cosmologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostas Skenderis; Paul K. Townsend

    2006-12-07

    We use Hamiltonian methods to study curved domain walls and cosmologies. This leads naturally to first order equations for all domain walls and cosmologies foliated by slices of maximal symmetry. For Minkowski and AdS-sliced domain walls (flat and closed FLRW cosmologies) we recover a recent result concerning their (pseudo)supersymmetry. We show how domain-wall stability is consistent with the instability of adS vacua that violate the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound. We also explore the relationship to Hamilton-Jacobi theory and compute the wave-function of a 3-dimensional closed universe evolving towards de Sitter spacetime.

  17. Dual Transform Domain Echo Canceller for Discrete Multitone Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Champagne, Benoît

    Dual Transform Domain Echo Canceller for Discrete Multitone Systems Neda Ehtiati and Beno Email:{neda.ehtiati,benoit.champagne}@mcgill.ca Abstract--In communication systems where full

  18. Quantum Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Ashmead

    2010-05-05

    Normally we quantize along the space dimensions but treat time classically. But from relativity we expect a high level of symmetry between time and space. What happens if we quantize time using the same rules we use to quantize space? To do this, we generalize the paths in the Feynman path integral to include paths that vary in time as well as in space. We use Morlet wavelet decomposition to ensure convergence and normalization of the path integrals. We derive the Schr\\"odinger equation in four dimensions from the short time limit of the path integral expression. We verify that we recover standard quantum theory in the non-relativistic, semi-classical, and long time limits. Quantum time is an experiment factory: most foundational experiments in quantum mechanics can be modified in a way that makes them tests of quantum time. We look at single and double slits in time, scattering by time-varying electric and magnetic fields, and the Aharonov-Bohm effect in time.

  19. Polychronous Interpretation of Synoptic, a Domain Specific Modeling Language for Embedded Flight-Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Besnard, L; Ouy, J; Talpin, J -P; Bodeveix, J -P; Cortier, A; Pantel, M; Strecker, M; Garcia, G; Rugina, A; Buisson, J; Dagnat, F

    2010-01-01

    The SPaCIFY project, which aims at bringing advances in MDE to the satellite flight software industry, advocates a top-down approach built on a domain-specific modeling language named Synoptic. In line with previous approaches to real-time modeling such as Statecharts and Simulink, Synoptic features hierarchical decomposition of application and control modules in synchronous block diagrams and state machines. Its semantics is described in the polychronous model of computation, which is that of the synchronous language Signal.

  20. Real-time processing of a long perimeter fiber optic intrusion system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, William Timothy

    2009-09-30

    This thesis reports on recent advances made in real-time intruder detection for an intrusion system developed at Texas A&M University that utilizes a phase-sensitive optical time-domain reflectometer. The system uses light ...

  1. PPRODO: Prediction of Protein Domain Boundaries Using Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jooyoung

    PPRODO: Prediction of Protein Domain Boundaries Using Neural Networks Jaehyun Sim, Seung-Yeon Kim-BLAST. A 10-fold cross-validation technique is performed to obtain the parameters of neural networks using; neural network INTRODUCTION Domains are semi-independent 3-dimensional (3D) units in proteins, and often

  2. Characterizing Inter-domain Rerouting after Japan Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Rocky Kow-Chuen

    Characterizing Inter-domain Rerouting after Japan Earthquake Yujing Liu1 , Xiapu Luo2 , Rocky K- domain rerouting as a result of the massive earthquake in Japan on March 2011. Moreover by unstable routing state caused by a cable fault after the earthquake. Our work provides a new method

  3. Three NASA Application Domains for Integrated Planning, Scheduling and Execution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kortenkamp, David

    Three NASA Application Domains for Integrated Planning, Scheduling and Execution David Kortenkamp. NASA Johnson Space Center { ER2 Houston, TX 77058 kortenkamp@jsc.nasa.gov Abstract This paper describes three application domains for in- tegrating planning, scheduling and execution at NASA Johnson Space

  4. A Cloud-Oriented Cross-Domain Security Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Cloud-Oriented Cross-Domain Security Architecture Thuy D. Nguyen, Mark A. Gondree, David J to support a cloud of cross-domain services, hosted within a federation of multilevel secure (MLS) MYSEA}@nps.edu Abstract--The Monterey Security Architecture addresses the need to share high-value data across multiple

  5. Scaling reinforcement learning to the unconstrained multi-agent domain 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Victor

    2009-06-02

    - MENT LEARNING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 A. Sample Complexity and Reinforcement Learning . . . . . . 78 B. Domain Knowledge and Fuzzy Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 C. Potential Negative Effects of Added Domain Knowledge... . . 80 1. Derivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 2. Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 D. Fuzzy Reward Shaping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 E. Integrating Fuzzy Knowledge...

  6. Surface effect on domain wall width in ferroelectrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-10-26

    Oct 26, 2009 ... the domain wall thickness and gradient coefficients in typical ... phase transitions or u. 0 for the second ... tained from the surface energy in the form12. P3 ? 1 ..... Calculated width solid curves of domain wall at level. 0.76 as a ...

  7. On Some Constructions in Quantitative Domain Theory (Extended Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spreen, Dieter

    On Some Constructions in Quantitative Domain Theory (Extended Abstract) Dieter Spreen Theoretische of an approximation, the theory of approximation based on domains was mainly of a qualitative nature. The situation introduced by K. Martin in his thesis [7]. They are strongly intertwined with the topological structure

  8. Expanded polyglutamine domain possesses nuclear export activity which modulates subcellular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Darren

    experiments, were ana- lyzed. Mammalian cell culture HEK293 cells were cultured at 378C with 5% CO2 in high,16). To investigate the nuclear transport property of expanded polyQ domain per se, we initially took advantage then focused on elucidating the nuclear export property of an expanded polyQ domain and its associated

  9. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Single ferroelectric-domain photovoltaic switch based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Moon-Ho

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Single ferroelectric-domain photovoltaic switch based on lateral BiFeO3 cells Ji serves as a basis for solid-state memory. This phenomenon can also yield an interesting photovoltaic imposed by the ferroelectric polarization vectors. Here, we demonstrate a single-domain photovoltaic

  10. SIMMODEL: A DOMAIN DATA MODEL FOR WHOLE BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-5566E SIMMODEL: A DOMAIN DATA MODEL FOR WHOLE BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION Author(s), James O;SIMMODEL: A DOMAIN DATA MODEL FOR WHOLE BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION James O'Donnell1 Richard See2 , Cody exist within industry-standard data models as used by present-day whole-building energy simulation

  11. Parameter Estimation for the Heat Equation on Perforated Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parameter Estimation for the Heat Equation on Perforated Domains H.T. Banks1 , D. Cioranescu2 , A for simulated data for heat flow in a porous medium. We consider data simulated from a model on a perforated Words: Inverse problems, parameter estimation, perforated domains, homogeniza- tion, thermal diffusion

  12. Important Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhavnani, Suresh K.

    the subject-specific terms to enter in a query. For example, many university students often buy electronicImportant Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge Suresh K. Bhavnani School Many users have acquired a sophisticated understanding of searching the Web in specific domains

  13. Extending OpenStack Access Control with Domain Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    Stack identity service Keystone has introduced several entities, such as domains and projects in addition-of-concept prototype of this trust extension based on Keystone. The authorization delay introduced by the domain trustsStack.2 The identity service in OpenStack, called Keystone, is used to manage users as globally available

  14. Domain wall QCD with physical quark masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RBC,; Blum, T; Boyle, P A; Christ, N H; Frison, J; Garron, N; Hudspith, R J; Izubuchi, T; Janowski, T; Jung, C; Juettner, A; Kelly, C; Kenway, R D; Lehner, C; Marinkovic, M; Mawhinney, R D; McGlynn, G; Murphy, D J; Ohta, S; Portelli, A; Sachrajda, C T; Soni, A

    2014-01-01

    We present results for several light hadronic quantities ($f_\\pi$, $f_K$, $B_K$, $m_{ud}$, $m_s$, $t_0^{1/2}$, $w_0$) obtained from simulations of 2+1 flavor domain wall lattice QCD with large physical volumes and nearly-physical pion masses at two lattice spacings. We perform a short, O(3)%, extrapolation in pion mass to the physical values by combining our new data in a simultaneous chiral/continuum `global fit' with a number of other ensembles with heavier pion masses. We use the physical values of $m_\\pi$, $m_K$ and $m_\\Omega$ to determine the two quark masses and the scale - all other quantities are outputs from our simulations. We obtain results with sub-percent statistical errors and negligible chiral and finite-volume systematics for these light hadronic quantities, including: $f_\\pi$ = 130.2(9) MeV; $f_K$ = 155.5(8) MeV; the average up/down quark mass and strange quark mass in the $\\overline {\\rm MS}$ scheme at 3 GeV, 2.997(49) and 81.64(1.17) MeV respectively; and the neutral kaon mixing parameter, ...

  15. Domain wall QCD with physical quark masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RBC; UKQCD collaborations; :; T. Blum; P. A. Boyle; N. H. Christ; J. Frison; N. Garron; R. J. Hudspith; T. Izubuchi; T. Janowski; C. Jung; A. Juettner; C. Kelly; R. D. Kenway; C. Lehner; M. Marinkovic; R. D. Mawhinney; G. McGlynn; D. J. Murphy; S. Ohta; A. Portelli; C. T. Sachrajda; A. Soni

    2014-11-25

    We present results for several light hadronic quantities ($f_\\pi$, $f_K$, $B_K$, $m_{ud}$, $m_s$, $t_0^{1/2}$, $w_0$) obtained from simulations of 2+1 flavor domain wall lattice QCD with large physical volumes and nearly-physical pion masses at two lattice spacings. We perform a short, O(3)%, extrapolation in pion mass to the physical values by combining our new data in a simultaneous chiral/continuum `global fit' with a number of other ensembles with heavier pion masses. We use the physical values of $m_\\pi$, $m_K$ and $m_\\Omega$ to determine the two quark masses and the scale - all other quantities are outputs from our simulations. We obtain results with sub-percent statistical errors and negligible chiral and finite-volume systematics for these light hadronic quantities, including: $f_\\pi$ = 130.2(9) MeV; $f_K$ = 155.5(8) MeV; the average up/down quark mass and strange quark mass in the $\\overline {\\rm MS}$ scheme at 3 GeV, 2.997(49) and 81.64(1.17) MeV respectively; and the neutral kaon mixing parameter, $B_K$, in the RGI scheme, 0.750(15) and the $\\overline{\\rm MS}$ scheme at 3 GeV, 0.530(11).

  16. Kodama time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abreu, Gabriel

    2010-01-01

    In a general time-dependent (3+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric spacetime, the so-called Kodama vector is a naturally defined geometric quantity that is timelike outside the evolving horizon and so defines a preferred class of fiducial observers. However the Kodama vector does not by itself define any preferred notion of time. We demonstrate that a preferred time coordinate - which we shall call Kodama time - can be introduced by taking the additional step of applying the Clebsch decomposition theorem to the Kodama vector. We thus construct a geometrically preferred coordinate system for any time-dependent spherically symmetric spacetime, and explore its properties. In particular we use this formalism to construct a general class of conservation laws, generalizing Kodama's energy flux. We study the geometrically preferred fiducial observers, and demonstrate that it is possible to define and calculate a generalized notion of surface gravity that is valid throughout the entire evolving spacetime. Furthermor...

  17. DATA CLEANING IN THE ENERGY DOMAIN Hermine N. Akouemo Kengmo Kenfack, B.S, M.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    on energy data because of the availability of data and information to make a theoretical and practical is combined with statistical regression models to handle time series data. Domain knowledge of energy data in energy data. The testing on utilities' data evaluates the percentage of improvement brought

  18. Asymptotic axial symmetry of solutions of parabolic equations in bounded radial domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldana, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    We consider solutions of some nonlinear parabolic boundary value problems in radial bounded domains whose initial profile satisfy a reflection inequality with respect to a hyperplane containing the origin. We show that, under rather general assumptions, these solutions are asymptotically (in time) foliated Schwarz symmetric, i.e., all elements in the associated omega limit set are axially symmetric with respect to a common axis passing through the origin and nonincreasing in the polar angle from this axis. In this form, the result is new even for equilibria (i.e. solutions of the corresponding elliptic problem) and time periodic solutions.

  19. Energy-momentum balance in particle - domain wall perforating collision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Gal'tsov; E. Yu. Melkumova; P. A. Spirin

    2015-02-10

    We investigate the energy-momentum balance in the perforating collision of a point particle with an infinitely thin planar domain wall within the linearized gravity in arbitrary dimensions. Since the metric of the wall increases with distance, the wall and the particle are never free, and their energy-momentum balance involves not only the instantaneous kinetic momenta, but also the non-local contribution of gravitational stresses. However, careful analysis shows that the stresses can be unambiguously divided between the colliding objects leading to definition of the gravitationally dressed momenta. These take into account for gravity in the same way as the potential energy does in the non-relativistic theory, but our treatment is fully relativistic. Another unusual feature of our problem is the non-vanishing flux of the total energy-momentum tensor through the lateral surface of the world tube. In this case the zero divergence of the energy-momentum tensor does not imply conservation of the total momentum defined as the integral over the space-like section of the tube. But one can still define the conservation low infinitesimally, passing to time derivatives of the momenta. Using this definition we establish the momentum balance in terms of the dressed particle and wall momenta.

  20. Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Speckles in Time Radar is familiar to anyone who has received a speeding ticket. A radar gun can be used to determine the speed of a car by reflecting a radio wave of known...

  1. Quantum time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovannetti, Vittorio

    We give a consistent quantum description of time, based on Page and Wootters’s conditional probabilities mechanism, which overcomes the criticisms that were raised against similar previous proposals. In particular we show ...

  2. Chow Time 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    -1 THE PREDICTION OF BUS ARRIVAL TIME USING AUTOMATIC VEHICLE LOCATION SYSTEMS DATA A Dissertation by RAN HEE JEONG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Civil Engineering THE PREDICTION OF BUS ARRIVAL TIME USING AUTOMATIC VEHICLE LOCATION SYSTEMS DATA A Dissertation by RAN HEE JEONG Submitted to Texas A...

  3. IGR For GR/M76881/01: Generating Summaries of Time-Series Data (SumTime) Background/Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sripada, Yaji

    of numerical time-series data. The modern world is being flooded with such data. For example, a typical gas-turbine worked in three domains: weather forecasts, summaries of gas-turbine sensor data, and summaries of sensor number of input data values; this meant it could not be used in our hospital and gas-turbine domains

  4. Dimer Dissociation and Unfolding Mechanism of Coagulation Factor XI Apple 4 Domain: Spectroscopic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roder, Heinrich

    Dimer Dissociation and Unfolding Mechanism of Coagulation Factor XI Apple 4 Domain: Spectroscopic of disulfide- linked chains each containing four apple domains and a catalytic domain. The apple 4 domain (A4; A4, apple 4 domain of factor XI; DLS, dynamic light scattering; FXI, factor XI; FXIa, factor FXIa

  5. Evolution of domain compositions in the metabolic networks of human and Escherichia coli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeang, Chen-Hsiang

    Evolution of domain compositions in the metabolic networks of human and Escherichia coli C.H. Yeang and recombination of enzyme protein domains. However, varia- tions of the domain evolution mechanisms among heterogeneity of domain evolution mechanisms by comparing the domain composi- tions of the metabolic networks

  6. Ore Extensions and V -domains S. K. Jain, T. Y. Lam and A. Leroy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Surender K.

    and PCI-domain (A domain such that each proper cyclic right module is injective is called right PCI, the question whether the property of being V -domain or PCI-domain is left-right symmetric remains open obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for K[t; , ] to be a left V -domain (equivalently, left PCI

  7. Gapped Domain Walls, Gapped Boundaries and Topological Degeneracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian Lan; Juven Wang; Xiao-Gang Wen

    2014-11-26

    Gapped domain walls, as topological line defects between 2+1D topologically ordered states, are examined. We provide simple criteria to determine the existence of gapped domain walls, which apply to both Abelian and non-Abelian topological orders. Our criteria also determine which 2+1D topological orders must have gapless edge modes, namely which 1+1D global gravitational anomalies ensure gaplessness. Furthermore, we introduce a new mathematical object, the tunneling matrix $\\mathcal W$, whose entries are the fusion-space dimensions $\\mathcal W_{ia}$, to label different types of gapped domain walls. By studying many examples, we find evidence that the tunneling matrices are powerful quantities to classify different types of gapped domain walls. Since a gapped boundary is a gapped domain wall between a bulk topological order and the vacuum, regarded as the trivial topological order, our theory of gapped domain walls inclusively contains the theory of gapped boundaries. In addition, we derive a topological ground state degeneracy formula, applied to arbitrary orientable spatial 2-manifolds with gapped domain walls, including closed 2-manifolds and open 2-manifolds with gapped boundaries.

  8. A numerical study of heat island flows in an open domain: Stationary solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dubois, Thierry

    2007-01-01

    We present two dimensional numerical simulations of a natural convection problem in an unbounded domain. A thermal stratification is applied in the vertical direction and the flow circulation is induced by a heat island located on the ground. For this problem, thermal perturbations are convected in the horizontal direction far from the heated element so that very elongated computational domains have to be used in order to compute accurate numerical solutions. To avoid this difficulty thermal sponge layers are added at the vertical boundaries. With this approach, stationary solutions at $Ra\\le 10^5$ are investigated. Boussinesq equations are discretized with a second-order finite volume scheme on a staggered grid combined with a second-order projection method for the time integration.

  9. A Framework for Incorporating General Domain Knowledge into Latent Dirichlet Allocation using First-Order Logic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrzejewski, D; Zhu, X; Craven, M; Recht, B

    2011-01-18

    Topic models have been used successfully for a variety of problems, often in the form of application-specific extensions of the basic Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) model. Because deriving these new models in order to encode domain knowledge can be difficult and time-consuming, we propose the Fold-all model, which allows the user to specify general domain knowledge in First-Order Logic (FOL). However, combining topic modeling with FOL can result in inference problems beyond the capabilities of existing techniques. We have therefore developed a scalable inference technique using stochastic gradient descent which may also be useful to the Markov Logic Network (MLN) research community. Experiments demonstrate the expressive power of Fold-all, as well as the scalability of our proposed inference method.

  10. Instantaneous filling of the vacuum for the full Boltzmann equation in convex domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc Briant

    2015-04-16

    We prove the immediate appearance of a lower bound for mild solutions to the full Boltzmann equation in the torus or a $C^2$ convex domain with specular boundary conditions, under the sole assumption of continuity away from the grazing set of the solution. These results are entirely constructive if the domain is $C^3$ and strictly convex. We investigate a wide range of collision kernels, some satisfying Grad's cutoff assumption and others not. We show that this lower bound is exponential, independent of time and space with explicit constants depending only on the \\textit{a priori} bounds on the solution. In particular, this lower bound is Maxwellian in the case of cutoff collision kernels. A thorough study of characteristic trajectories, as well as a geometric approach of grazing collisions against the boundary are derived.

  11. Topography influence on the Lake equations in bounded domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christophe Lacave; Toan T. Nguyen; Benoit Pausader

    2013-06-10

    We investigate the influence of the topography on the lake equations which describe the two-dimensional horizontal velocity of a three-dimensional incompressible flow. We show that the lake equations are structurally stable under Hausdorff approximations of the fluid domain and $L^p$ perturbations of the depth. As a byproduct, we obtain the existence of a weak solution to the lake equations in the case of singular domains and rough bottoms. Our result thus extends earlier works by Bresch and M\\'etivier treating the lake equations with a fixed topography and by G\\'erard-Varet and Lacave treating the Euler equations in singular domains.

  12. Calculation of the strange quark mass using domain wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Blum; Amarjit Soni; Matthew Wingate

    2000-09-18

    We present a first calculation of the strange quark mass using domain wall fermions. This paper contains an overview of the domain wall discretization and a pedagogical presentation of the perturbative calculation necessary for computing the mass renormalization. We combine the latter with numerical simulations to estimate the strange quark mass. Our final result in the quenched approximation is 95(26) MeV in the ${\\bar{MS}}$ scheme at a scale of 2 GeV. We find that domain wall fermions have a small perturbative mass renormalization, similar to Wilson quarks, and exhibit good scaling behavior.

  13. Asymmetric domain walls of small angle in soft ferromagnetic films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lukas Döring; Radu Ignat

    2014-12-07

    We focus on a special type of domain walls appearing in the Landau-Lifshitz theory for soft ferromagnetic films. These domain walls are divergence-free $S^2$-valued transition layers that connect two directions in $S^2$ (differing by an angle $2\\theta$) and minimize the Dirichlet energy. Our main result is the rigorous derivation of the asymptotic structure and energy of such "asymmetric" domain walls in the limit $\\theta \\to 0$. As an application, we deduce that a supercritical bifurcation causes the transition from symmetric to asymmetric walls in the full micromagnetic model.

  14. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Dixie Hot Springs Area (Combs 2006) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy Information Dixie

  15. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Glass Mountain Area (Cumming And Mackie,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy Information

  16. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area (Thomas, 1986)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy InformationOpen|

  17. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Skokan,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy1974) | Open Energy

  18. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Thomas,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy1974) | Open

  19. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy1974) | Open(Thomas,

  20. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Mauna Loa Northeast Rift Area (Thomas,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy1974) |1986) | Open

  1. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy1974) |1986) |

  2. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Truckhaven Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy InformationTikanderEnergy1974) |1986) |Open

  3. Comparison of frequency and time domain methods of assessment of cerebral autoregulation in traumatic brain injury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xiuyun; Czosnyka, Marek; Donnelly, Joseph; Budohoski, Karol P.; Varsos, Georgios V.; Nasr, Nathalie; Brady, Ken M.; Reinhard, Matthias; Hutchinson, Peter J.; Smielewski, Peter

    2014-11-19

    . Czosnyka M, Smielewski P, Kirkpatrick P, Menon DK, Pickard JD. Monitoring of cerebral autoregulation in head-injured patients. Stroke 1996; 27: 1829-1834. 4. Fujii M, Yan J, Rolland WB, Soejima Y, Caner B, Zhang JH. Early brain injury, an evolving...

  4. Free-Space Time-Domain Method for Measuring Thin Film Dielectric Properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Li, Ming; Zhang, Xi-Cheng; Cho, Gyu Cheon

    2000-05-02

    A non-contact method for determining the index of refraction or dielectric constant of a thin film on a substrate at a desired frequency in the GHz to THz range having a corresponding wavelength larger than the thickness of the thin film (which may be only a few microns). The method comprises impinging the desired-frequency beam in free space upon the thin film on the substrate and measuring the measured phase change and the measured field reflectance from the reflected beam for a plurality of incident angles over a range of angles that includes the Brewster's angle for the thin film. The index of refraction for the thin film is determined by applying Fresnel equations to iteratively calculate a calculated phase change and a calculated field reflectance at each of the plurality of incident angles, and selecting the index of refraction that provides the best mathematical curve fit with both the dataset of measured phase changes and the dataset of measured field reflectances for each incident angle. The dielectric constant for the thin film can be calculated as the index of refraction squared.

  5. Experimental time-domain controlled source electromagnetic induction for highly conductive targets detection and discrimination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benavides Iglesias, Alfonso

    2007-09-17

    The response of geological materials at the scale of meters and the response of buried targets of different shapes and sizes using controlled-source electromagnetic induction (CSEM) is investigated. This dissertation focuses on three topics; i) frac...

  6. Acoustic And Elastic Reverse-Time Migration: Novel Angle-Domain Imaging Conditions And Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Rui

    2013-01-01

    by solving acoustic wave equation with an explosion source (condition of the acoustic wave equation: ? ? 2 u g ? x ,solves the acoustic two-way wave equation ? 2 2 ? 2 ? 2 ?

  7. Analytical time domain electromagnetic field propagators and closed-form solutions for transmission lines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jaehoon

    2009-05-15

    An analytical solution for the coupled telegrapher’s equations in terms of the voltage and current on a homogeneous lossy transmission line and multiconductor transmission line is presented. The resulting telegrapher’s ...

  8. Acoustic And Elastic Reverse-Time Migration: Novel Angle-Domain Imaging Conditions And Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Rui

    2013-01-01

    debates in the seismic exploration community on exploitingof Seismic Data (Vols. 1 & 2): Society of Explorationseismic imaging, which is, to produce a geometrical image of the subsurface structures. However, for further exploration

  9. Time-Domain Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography in Soft Biological Tissue 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todorovic, Milos

    2009-05-15

    measurements of a section of porcine tendon and the septum of a rat heart. The application of the system for burn imaging and healing monitoring was demonstrated on porcine skin because of its similarity to the human skin. The results showed a clear...

  10. Measuring the thermal boundary conductance between graphite and thin film by time-domain thermoreflectance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    Variable Delay CCD Detector Aperture /2 plate Optical Isolator Electro-Optic Modulator Pump Beam Probe Beam in this study: (a) sectional view; and (b) TBC model. Probe HOPG Al thin film Pump z dHOPG dAlkAl kHOPG DAl()sinh( )sinh( 1 )cosh( f M f qdqdkq qd kq qd f (2) Volumetric heat capacity [106 Jm-3 K-1 ] Thermal

  11. Time and Frequency Domain CCD-Based Thermoreflectance Techniques for High-Resolution Transient Thermal Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is in the order of 10-4/K. A blue or green light emitting diode (LED) uniformly illuminates the DUT under

  12. Time-Domain Passivity Control of Haptic Interfaces with Tunable Damping Hardware

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayward, Vincent

    . Gosline and Vincent Hayward Haptics Laboratory, Center For Intelligent Machines McGill University, Montr´eal extracting energy from a haptic in- terface. A passivity observer monitors the energy flow of the virtual environment, and damping hardware is used to remove any energy contributions from the virtual environ- ment

  13. AN ANALYSIS OF SCHWARZ WAVEFORM RELAXATION DOMAIN DECOMPOSITION METHODS FOR THE IMAGINARY-TIME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorin, Emmanuel

    , France. Centre de Recherches Math´ematiques, Universit´e de Montr´eal, Montr´eal, Canada, H3T 1J4 |(x)|2 dx = 1. If we define the total energy of the system as (1.2) E() := Rd |(x)|2 + V (x)|(x)|2

  14. Geophysical (time domain electromagnetic model) delineation of a shallow brine beneath a freshwater lake,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gvirtzman, Haim

    groundwaters. It is hypothesized that salt transport is dominated by molecular diffusion in the central part streams entering the lake. This order of magnitude difference is a result of salt fluxes from two major cores and nineteen 0.5-m cores drilled to sediments within the lake basin (Figure 1). At the water

  15. A time domain phonon pulse fitting analysis for the cryogenic dark matter search experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlupf, Chandler

    2014-01-01

    Dark matter makes up 85% of the known matter in the Universe, but the exact nature of dark matter remains unknown. The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search experiment, CDMS, attempts to directly detect the leading candidate dark ...

  16. Time-domain Simulation of Multibody Floating Systems based on State-space Modeling Technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Xiaochuan

    2012-10-19

    operation. Hong, et al. (2005) applied the Higher-Order Boundary Element Method (HOBEM) to analyze the motions and drift force of side-by-side moored multiple vessels, such as Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) unit for Liquid Natural Gas... associated with the small gap between two barges, which is fundamental for understanding FPSO-shuttle tanker interactions during side-by- side offloading. The test results and comparisons with numerical model predictions were used to optimize future test...

  17. Spectral modeling of two incline cylinders with validation in the time domain 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oswalt, Aaron Jacob

    1999-01-01

    Function. 2. 3 Two Input/Single Output System . 2. 4 Conditioned Spectral Analysis. 2. 5 Partial Coherence 2. 6 Formulation of the Nonlinear Model 2. 6. 1 Nonlinear System Form . . 2. 6. 2 Reverse Dynamic Nonlinear System. 2. 6. 3 SDOF Nonlinear...) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5 SVSO model for two-input system used to remove the correlated effects of xr(r) . . 18 6 Conditioned spectral model with noise for a two-input / single-output system . . . . . . 20 7 Classification of interference regions for inline...

  18. Time-and Frequency-Domain Measurements for an Active Negative Group Delay Circuit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojahedi, Mohammad

    unusual properties, namely a negative refractive index (NRI) and a negative group velocity (NGV) in the same frequency band [1­3]. The NRI is equivalent to a negative phase delay, and the NGV is equiv- alent

  19. Direct time-domain observation of transition from strong to weak coupling in a semiconductor microcavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Hui

    Fluctuation Project, NTT Musashino R&D Center, 3-9-11 Midori-cho, Musashino-shi, Tokyo 180, Japan Hui Cao was used as the local os- cillator wave, the other was used to resonantly excite the microcavity sample- electric transducer PZT scanner. This optical path length modulation generates a sinusoidal signal

  20. Detecting coherent phonon wave effects in superlattices using time-domain thermoreflectance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luckyanova, Maria N. (Maria Nickolayevna)

    2012-01-01

    Superlattices (SLs), structures consisting of periodic layers of thin films of several angstroms to tens of nanometers thick, have unique electrical and thermal properties that make them well suited for applications in ...

  1. Broadband microwave and time-domain terahertz spectroscopy of chemical vapor deposition grown graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    graphene W. Liu, R. Valdés Aguilar, Yufeng Hao, R. S. Ruoff, and N. P. Armitage Citation: J. Appl. Phys. Related Articles Edge surface modes in magnetically biased chemically doped graphene strips Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 231902 (2011) Terahertz coherent acoustic experiments with semiconductor superlattices Appl

  2. Diffraction of a Bose-Einstein condensate in the time domain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colombe, Yves; Mercier, Brigitte; Perrin, Helene; Lorent, Vincent

    2005-12-15

    We have observed the diffraction of a Bose-Einstein condensate of rubidium atoms on a vibrating mirror potential. The matter wave packet bounces back at normal incidence on a blue-detuned evanescent light field after a 3.6 mm free fall. The mirror vibrates at a frequency of 500 kHz with an amplitude of 3 nm. The atomic carrier and side bands are directly imaged during their ballistic expansion. The locations and the relative weights of the diffracted atomic wave packets are in very good agreement with the theoretical prediction of Henkel et al. [J. Phys. II 4, 1877 (1994)].

  3. Acoustic And Elastic Reverse-Time Migration: Novel Angle-Domain Imaging Conditions And Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Rui

    2013-01-01

    2. (a)- (c) are from shale/gas interfaces, (d)-(f) shale/oilm s ? V S ? m s ? ? kg m 3 Shale Gas Oil Brine ACQUISITIONare gas, oil and brine. The reflections from shale, which

  4. Acoustic And Elastic Reverse-Time Migration: Novel Angle-Domain Imaging Conditions And Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Rui

    2013-01-01

    synthetic offset vertical seismic profiles: Proceedings ofsynthetic offset vertical seismic profiles: Proceedings of

  5. Extended-time multi-taper frequency domain cross-correlation receiver function estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helffrich, George

    Helffrich Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Mem. Bldg., Queen's Road, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK

  6. Estimation of Seismic Load Demand for a Wind Turbine in the Time Domain: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prowell, I.; Elgamal, A.; Uang, C.; Jonkman, J.

    2010-03-01

    Turbines installed in seismically active regions such as the Pacific Rim or the Mediterranean must consider loads induced by base shaking from an earthquake. To account for this earthquake risk, current International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) certification requirements provide a simplified method for calculating seismic loads which is intended to be conservative. Through the addition of capabilities, it is now possible to simulate earthquake loading of a wind turbine in conjunction other load sources such as wind and control system behavior using the FAST code. This paper presents a comparison of three earthquake loading scenarios of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) offshore 5-MW baseline wind turbine: idling; continued operation through an earthquake; and an emergency shutdown initiated by an earthquake. Using a set of 22 earthquake records, simulations are conducted for each load case. A summary of the resulting tower moment demand is presented to assess the influence of operational state on the resulting structural demand.

  7. Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Colorado

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film Solar Technologies JumpTiSol JumpOffshore Wind

  8. A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)data bookresult9) JumpMultipleSprings Thermal Area,

  9. An Overlapping Domain Decomposition Method for Parameter Identification Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Xiao-Chuan

    An Overlapping Domain Decomposition Method for Parameter Identification Problems Xiao-Chuan Cai1 by the Hong Kong RGC grant, Project 404105. #12;2 Xiao-Chuan Cai, Si Liu, and Jun Zou which is usually

  10. Nonlinear Overlapping Domain Decomposition Xiao-Chuan Cai1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Xiao-Chuan

    Nonlinear Overlapping Domain Decomposition Methods Xiao-Chuan Cai1 Department of Computer Science, and CNS-0722023. #12;2 Xiao-Chuan Cai the following steps: first find an inexact Newton direction p

  11. Gerhard Fischer 1 Domain-Oriented Design Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    architecture (the multifaceted architecture) and a process model (the seeding, evolutionary growth, reseeding, Science and Technology Center, and (4) U S WEST Advanced Technologies. #12;Gerhard Fischer 2 Table.......................................................................................... 6 The Multifaceted Architecture: A Domain-Independent Architecture for DODEs

  12. Analytical and micromagnetic study of a Neel domain wall 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivkin, K.; Romanov, K.; Abanov, Artem; Adamov, Y.; Saslow, W. M.

    2008-01-01

    For ferromagnets with exchange, dipolar interaction, and uniaxial anisotropy, by both analytic methods and micromagnetic simulations we study Neel domain walls in thin ferromagnetic strips of finite width. Comparison of the numerical results...

  13. Domain-level rocking motion within a polymerase that translocates...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    nucleic acid An X-ray crystallographic structure is described for unliganded Vaccinia virus poly(A) polymerase monomer (VP55), showing the first domain-level structural isoforms...

  14. Domain wall displacement by remote spin-current injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skirdkov, P. N.

    We demonstrate numerically the ability to displace a magnetic domain wall (DW) by remote spin current injection. We consider a long and narrow magnetic nanostripe with a single DW. The spin-polarized current is injected ...

  15. Domain-specific Web Service Discovery with Service Class Descriptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rocco, D; Caverlee, J; Liu, L; Critchlow, T J

    2005-02-14

    This paper presents DynaBot, a domain-specific web service discovery system. The core idea of the DynaBot service discovery system is to use domain-specific service class descriptions powered by an intelligent Deep Web crawler. In contrast to current registry-based service discovery systems--like the several available UDDI registries--DynaBot promotes focused crawling of the Deep Web of services and discovers candidate services that are relevant to the domain of interest. It uses intelligent filtering algorithms to match services found by focused crawling with the domain-specific service class descriptions. We demonstrate the capability of DynaBot through the BLAST service discovery scenario and describe our initial experience with DynaBot.

  16. Digital Frequency Domain Multiplexer for mm-Wavelength Telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobbs, Matt

    2008-01-01

    for Large Scale Bolometer Arrays”, Monterey Far-IR, Sub-mmand mm Detector Technology Workshop proceedings, 2002, pp.Domain Multiplexer for mm-Wavelength Telescopes Matt Dobbs,

  17. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported...

  18. Crystalline Protein Domains and Lipid Bilayer Vesicle Shape Transformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gast, Alice Petry

    Cellular membranes can take on a variety of shapes to assist biological processes including endocytosis. Membrane-associated protein domains provide a possible mechanism for determining membrane curvature. We study the ...

  19. A multi-domain process design and improvement framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicol, Robert A. (Robert Arthur), 1969-

    2010-01-01

    Processes in manufacturing, services, and healthcare are complex socio-technical systems composed of intricately sequenced activities supported by elements drawn from multiple domains. While many of these processes offer ...

  20. An Axiomatisation of Computationally Adequate Domain Theoretic Models of FPC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiore, Marcelo P; Plotkin, Gordon

    1994-01-01

    Categorical models of the metalanguage FPC (a type theory with sums, products, exponentials and recursive types) are defined. Then, domain-theoretic models of FPC are axiomatised and a wide subclass of them —the ...

  1. Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to ProgrammingLanguage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, David A.

    Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to Programming­Language Engineering David A pioneered the analysis of programming languages in terms of semantic features. Three of Strachey programming languages designed by programming­language experts? Sometimes they are, but the requirements

  2. Characterization of Nanoscale Objects and Domains with Massive Cluster SIMS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Chao-Kai

    2014-07-31

    . These observations point out the necessity of accurate data interpretation when dealing with nano-scaled objects. The capability of nano-domain analysis was demonstrated with fuel cell cathode materials consisting of pyrolized catalyst/carbon black mixtures...

  3. Log-domain circuit models of chemical reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandal, Soumyajit

    We exploit the detailed similarities between electronics and chemistry to develop efficient, scalable bipolar or subthreshold log-domain circuits that are dynamically equivalent to networks of chemical reactions. Our ...

  4. Dual Domain Echo Cancellers for Multirate Discrete Multitone Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Champagne, Benoît

    Dual Domain Echo Cancellers for Multirate Discrete Multitone Systems Neda Ehtiati and Beno Email:{neda.ehtiati, benoit.champagne}@mcgill.ca Abstract--Digital echo cancellers are used in duplex

  5. Axiomatic Domain Theory in Categories of Partial Maps 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiore, Marcelo P

    This thesis is an investigation into axiomatic categorical domain theory as needed for the denotational semantics of deterministic programming languages. To provide a direct semantic treatment of non-terminating ...

  6. Collapse of Axionic Domain Wall and Axion Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michiyasu Nagasawa; Masahiro Kawasaki

    1994-05-09

    We examine the collapse of an axion domain wall bounded by an axionic string. It is found that the collapse proceeds quickly and axion domain walls disappear. However axions are emitted in the collapse and its energy density increases during radiation dominated era and contributes significantly to the present mass density of the universe. In particular the axion emitted from the wall can account for the dark matter in the universe for $F_a\\gsim 10^{10}\\GeV$.

  7. Antiferromagnetism and domain effects in UPdSn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakotte, H. [Manual Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Manual Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); [Department of Physics, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003 (United States); Robinson, R.A.; Purwanto, A. [Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Tun, Z. [Chalk River Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River, Ontario, K0J 1J0 (CANADA)] [Chalk River Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River, Ontario, K0J 1J0 (CANADA); Prokes, K.; Brueck, E.; de Boer, F.R. [Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute, University of Amsterdam, 1018 XE Amsterdam (The Netherlands)] [Van der Waals-Zeeman Institute, University of Amsterdam, 1018 XE Amsterdam (The Netherlands)

    1998-10-01

    Neutron-diffraction experiments have been performed on a single crystal of the hexagonal noncollinear antiferromagnetic compound UPdSn as a function of temperature and magnetic field. The use of a special horizontal-field magnet (with very wide horizontal access to the neutron beams) has allowed the study of the principal magnetic Bragg reflections in all three antiferromagnetic domain pairs throughout the magnetic phase diagram for B{lt}3thinspT and T{gt}6thinspK. The data confirm a picture in which one domain pair (1) grows at the expense of the other two domain pairs (2 and 3), for fields along the [100] axis for domain 1. On the other hand, if the field is applied along the perpendicular axis, [010] for domain 1, the other two domains are preferred. These results are consistent with the picture given in a previous vertical-field study of only one magnetic reflection from one domain, in which the 3-T field-induced transition is viewed as a spin-flop transition. There is, however, a small amount of irreversible moment rotation (from {theta}=43{degree} to 48{degree}, where {theta} is the moment canting angle within the hexagonal basal plane), on passing through the spin-flop transition. This seems to be connected with whether the sample is single or multidomain. In addition, the field independence of the N{acute e}el temperature (T{sub N}=37thinspK) has been measured up to 3 T, and data on the domain kinetics are presented. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

  8. Critical Ising interfaces in multiply-connected domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konstantin Izyurov

    2015-03-13

    We prove a general result on convergence of interfaces in the critical planar Ising model to conformally invariant curves absolutely continuous with respect to SLE(3). Our setup includes multiple interfaces on arbitrary finitely connected domains, and we also treat the radial SLE case. In the case of simply and doubly connected domains, the limiting processes are described explicitly in terms of rational and elliptic functions, respectively.

  9. Seismic velocity estimation and time to depth conversion of time-migrated images Maria Cameron, University of California at Berkeley, Sergey Fomel, University of Texas at Austin, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cameron, Maria Kourkina

    the two can be significant. INTRODUCTION Time-domain seismic imaging is a robust and efficient process rouSeismic velocity estimation and time to depth conversion of time-migrated images Maria Cameron migrated seismic images and show that the Dix velocities estimated from time migration velocities

  10. Imaging and time reversal in random media Liliana Borcea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsogka, Chrysoula

    of small, well-separated scatterers in a randomly inhomogeneous environment using an active sensor array) the construction of an objective function in the time domain that is statistically stable and peaks individual realizations of the medium. This is a new approach to array imaging that is motivated by time

  11. Finite-size domains in membranes with active two-state inclusions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chien-Hsun Chen; Hsuan-Yi Chen

    2006-11-25

    The distribution of inclusion-rich domains in membranes with active two-state inclusions is studied by simulations. Our study shows that typical size of inclusion-rich domains ($L$) can be controlled by inclusion activities in several ways. When there is effective attraction between state-1 inclusions, we find: (i) Small domains with only several inclusions are observed for inclusions with time scales ($\\sim 10^{-3} {\\rm s}$) and interaction energy [$\\sim \\mathcal{O}({\\rm k_BT})$] comparable to motor proteins. (ii) $L$ scales as 1/3 power of the lifetime of state-1 for a wide range of parameters. (iii) $L$ shows a switch-like dependence on state-2 lifetime $k_{12}^{-1}$. That is, $L$ depends weakly on $k_{12}$ when $k_{12} k_{12}^*$, the crossover $k_{12}^*$ occurs when the diffusion length of a typical state-2 inclusion within its lifetime is comparable to $L$. (iv) Inclusion-curvature coupling provides another length scale that competes with the effects of transition rates.

  12. The static quark potential in 2+1 flavour Domain Wall QCD from QCDOC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koichi Hashimoto; Taku Izubuchi; Jun Noaki; for the RBC-UKQCD Collaborations

    2005-10-14

    We report our present status of on-going project on the measurement of the static quark potential in 2+1 flavour domain wall QCD with various improved gauge actions and couplings. Lattice spacing determined from Sommer scale on these ensembles are from 1.6 GeV to 2.0 GeV for $16^3 \\times 32$ lattice with fifth dimension size 8. We also examine size of discretization error from scaling of a pair of dimensionless quantities, $(r_0 m_\\pi)^2$ and $r_0 m_\\rho$, and found small scaling violation.

  13. Support of the NATO Effects Task Group by Los Alamos National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyons, P.B.

    1991-01-01

    A method is outlined for measuring the transient attenuation of optical fibers and/or cables exposed to a pulse of radiation (gamma rays, x-rays, electrons, protons, neutrons, etc). It can be employed to determine the level of radiation-induced attenuation (in units of dB/km as a function of time) produced in single-mode or multi-mode optical fibers, in either cabled or uncabled form, due to pulsed exposure to radiation. Co{sup 60} radiation-induced attenuation is measured by optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR) techniques and compared to conventional optical throughput measurements. Relative advantages and disadvantages of the OTDR technique are discussed.

  14. Sampling Approaches for Multi-Domain Internet Performance Measurement Infrastructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calyam, Prasad

    2014-09-15

    The next-generation of high-performance networks being developed in DOE communities are critical for supporting current and emerging data-intensive science applications. The goal of this project is to investigate multi-domain network status sampling techniques and tools to measure/analyze performance, and thereby provide “network awareness” to end-users and network operators in DOE communities. We leverage the infrastructure and datasets available through perfSONAR, which is a multi-domain measurement framework that has been widely deployed in high-performance computing and networking communities; the DOE community is a core developer and the largest adopter of perfSONAR. Our investigations include development of semantic scheduling algorithms, measurement federation policies, and tools to sample multi-domain and multi-layer network status within perfSONAR deployments. We validate our algorithms and policies with end-to-end measurement analysis tools for various monitoring objectives such as network weather forecasting, anomaly detection, and fault-diagnosis. In addition, we develop a multi-domain architecture for an enterprise-specific perfSONAR deployment that can implement monitoring-objective based sampling and that adheres to any domain-specific measurement policies.

  15. Cross-Domain Sentiment Classification Using a Two-Stage Kang Liu, Jun Zhao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zong, Chengqing

    Cross-Domain Sentiment Classification Using a Two-Stage Method Kang Liu, Jun Zhao Institute knowledge between different domains. Through these common topics, the features in the source domain different domains. In the second step, we use the classifier trained on the labeled examples in the source

  16. A Learning Approach for Word Sense Disambiguation in the Biomedical Domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Mubaid, Hisham

    A Learning Approach for Word Sense Disambiguation in the Biomedical Domain Hisham Al investigated extensively within the natural language processing domain. In the biomedical domain, word sense in the biomedical domain will help lessen this limitation. Our approach has been evaluated with the benchmark

  17. Domain wall and isocurvature perturbation problems in axion models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kawasaki, Masahiro; Yoshino, Kazuyoshi; Yanagida, Tsutomu T. E-mail: tsutomu.tyanagida@ipmu.jp

    2013-11-01

    Axion models have two serious cosmological problems, domain wall and isocurvature perturbation problems. In order to solve these problems we investigate the Linde's model in which the field value of the Peccei-Quinn (PQ) scalar is large during inflation. In this model the fluctuations of the PQ field grow after inflation through the parametric resonance and stable axionic strings may be produced, which results in the domain wall problem. We study formation of axionic strings using lattice simulations. It is found that in chaotic inflation the axion model is free from both the domain wall and the isocurvature perturbation problems if the initial misalignment angle ?{sub a} is smaller than O(10{sup ?2}). Furthermore, axions can also account for the dark matter for the breaking scale v ? 10{sup 12?16} GeV and the Hubble parameter during inflation H{sub inf}?<10{sup 11?12} GeV in general inflation models.

  18. Study of interdomain boundary in diamagnetic domain structure in beryllium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip Lykov

    2002-11-21

    At low temperatures, in strong magnetic fields, the formation of a non-uniform magnetisation is possible in a single-crystal metal sample whose demagnetising factor along the field is close to unity. Namely, so-called Condon diamagnetic domain structure arises and disappears periodically with magnetic field. In this paper, the diamagnetic domain structure in beryllium single crystalis analysed. Directly, existence of diamagnetic domains in that sample was observed earlier by the muon spin precession (mSR) resonance peak splitting. A method is described that allows to calculate quantitative characteristics of the interdomain boundary using the muon histograms. The technique is based on the Marquardt minimisation procedure that has been modified in order to reduce the influence of noise on iterations convergence. Boundary volume fraction was calculated.

  19. Dispatch R427 Time perception: Brain time or event time?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Alan

    Dispatch R427 Time perception: Brain time or event time? Alan Johnston* and Shin'ya Nishida Recent experiments show that synchronous events can appear to an observer to occur at different times. Neural processing time delays are offered as an explanation of these temporal illusions, but equating perceived time

  20. Time Management Managing Time and Tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    Time Management Managing Time and Tasks What is time management? Time can't be managed ­ but you can manage the amount of time you use each day for fun, work, rest, and time spent with others. Why is time management important? You have responsibilities to yourself, to your family and friends, to your

  1. REPRESENTING GEO-SCIENTIFIC DOMAIN CONCEPTS Boyan Brodaric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Brandon

    1 REPRESENTING GEO-SCIENTIFIC DOMAIN CONCEPTS Boyan Brodaric Penn State Geography and Geological Survey of Canada brodaric@NRCan.gc.ca 1. Introduction The geo-sciences, including geology, ecology, soil accumulate and change, and (3) are characterized by degrees of uncertainty and granularity. This suggests

  2. Harmonic maps on domains with piecewise Lipschitz continuous metrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Changyou

    Harmonic maps on domains with piecewise Lipschitz continuous metrics Haigang Li , Changyou Wang consider harmonic map from (, g) to a compact Rie- mannian manifold (N, h) Rk without boundary. We generalize the notion of stationary harmonic maps and prove their partial regularity. We also discuss

  3. Domain-Driven Data Mining: Challenges and Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    in real- world smart decision making. To this end, domain-driven data mining (D3 M) has been proposed, which is supposed to enable smart business intelligence for smart decisions in production. If we by business people for seamless decision making. To bridge the gap and enhance real-world problem- solving

  4. A CHARACTERIZATION OF BOUNDED SYMMETRIC DOMAINS OF TYPE IV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geatti, Laura

    A CHARACTERIZATION OF BOUNDED SYMMETRIC DOMAINS OF TYPE IV L. GEATTI, A. IANNUZZI, AND J.-J. LOEB with the compact-open topology is a topological group. We say that X is characterized by its automorphism group to Aut(X) is biholomorphic to X. Most manifolds are not characterized by their automorphism group. For in

  5. Nonlinear magnetoinductive waves and domain walls in composite metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nonlinear magnetoinductive waves and domain walls in composite metamaterials Ilya V. Shadrivov a-handed composite metamaterials. We derive the coupled equations for describing the propagation of magnetoinductive waves, and show that in the nonlinear regime the magnetic response of a metamaterial may become bistable

  6. Databases on the Web: national web domain survey Denis Shestakov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    , Aalto University Konemiehentie 2, Espoo, 02150 Finland denis.shestakov@aalto.fi ABSTRACT The deep Web of the deep Web by sampling one national web domain. We report some of our results ob- tained when surveying the Russian Web. The survey find- ings, namely the size estimates of the deep Web, could be useful for further

  7. SUMTIME: KA For Weather Domain Page 1 of 20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sripada, Yaji

    News Inc, Aberdeen, UK) and gas turbine diagnosis (in collaboration with Intelligent Applications on a third (yet to be chosen) domain. In the case of gas turbine diagnosis, as is the case with the doctors of Aberdeen Aberdeen, UK {ssripada,ereiter,jhunter,jyu}@csd.abdn.ac.uk Abstract SUMTIME (http://www.csd.abdn.ac.in

  8. Analytic design and solutions for resonance domain diffractive optical elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friesem, Asher A.

    Analytic design and solutions for resonance domain diffractive optical elements Michael A. Golub. INTRODUCTION Diffractive optical elements (DOEs) are usually designed and characterized with scalar diffraction, 2006 (Doc. ID 72721); published February 14, 2007 A model for designing and analyzing complicated

  9. Hybrid Powertrain Design Using a Domain-Specific Modeling Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Jeffrey G.

    of design tools that are used in the electronics industry. Widely accepted automotive powertrain design industry has demonstrated that similar tools in the automotive domain still lack the power, sophistication--State of the art design tools in automotive engineering still lack the power, sophistication, and automation

  10. A Domain Wall Model for Hysteresis in Piezoelectric Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Domain Wall Model for Hysteresis in Piezoelectric Materials Ralph C. Smith Center for Research to attain the full potential of the materials as sensors and actuators in high performance applications design. i #12; 1 Introduction Piezoelectric materials provide the capability for designing actuators

  11. Optimal risk allocation for convex risk functionals in general domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rüschendorf, Ludger

    Optimal risk allocation for convex risk functionals in general domains Swen Kiesel and Ludger R of cash invariant, strictly convex risk functionals on Ed the uniqueness of Pareto optimal allocations up¨uschendorf University of Freiburg Abstract In this paper we extend the classical optimal risk allocation problem

  12. Analyzing Parallelism and Domain Similarities in the MAREC Patent Corpus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riezler, Stefan

    Analyzing Parallelism and Domain Similarities in the MAREC Patent Corpus Katharina W}@cl.uni-heidelberg.de Abstract. Statistical machine translation of patents requires large a- mounts of sentence-parallel data. Translations of patent text often exist for parts of the patent document, namely title, abstract and claims

  13. RADON TRANSFORM ON SYMMETRIC MATRIX DOMAINS GENKAI ZHANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Genkai

    RADON TRANSFORM ON SYMMETRIC MATRIX DOMAINS GENKAI ZHANG Abstract. Let K = R; C ; H be the #12;eld space. We consider the Radon transform Rf(y) for functions f 2 C 1 0 (X) de#12;ned by integration of f 0 Radon transform, namely MR t Rf = cf . This generalizes

  14. Methods of use of cellulose binding domain proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

    1997-09-23

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 16 figs.

  15. Merging Applicability Domains for in Silico Assessment of Chemical Mutagenicity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, 2405 structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models and defining applicability domains with two machine To date, thousands of chemicals have been evaluated using the Ames test, and it has become a standard

  16. Catalytic Domain of Phosphoinositide-specific Phospholipase C (PLC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Roger L.

    Catalytic Domain of Phosphoinositide-specific Phospholipase C (PLC) MUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF RESIDUES WITHIN THE ACTIVE SITE AND HYDROPHOBIC RIDGE OF PLC 1* (Received for publication, November 20, 1997 Institute, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, United Kingdom Structural studies of phospholipase C 1 (PLC

  17. Revised, final form, July 1994 Domain Decomposition, Parallel Computing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjørstad, Petter E.

    reservoir flow problem, we are given the reservoir conditions (pressure and saturation) and the well flow. The simulator has a domain­based data structure whereby the reservoir is represented by a possibly large number of smaller reservoirs each having a complete local data structure. This design is essential for effective use

  18. A New Grid Structure for Domain Extension Stanford University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedkiw, Ron

    reflecting off of grid boundaries thus allowing for a large amount of detail and grid resolution nearA New Grid Structure for Domain Extension Bo Zhu Stanford University Wenlong Lu Stanford University Stanford University Industrial Light + Magic Figure 1: Our far-field grid structure provides an extended

  19. Methods of detection using a cellulose binding domain fusion product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Shimshon, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (North Gallilea, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

    1999-01-01

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  20. Methods of use of cellulose binding domain proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

    1997-01-01

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

  1. Methods of detection using a cellulose binding domain fusion product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

    1999-01-05

    A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 34 figs.

  2. Cellular pattern formation in circular domains Antonio Palacios,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cellular pattern formation in circular domains Antonio Palacios,a) Gemunu H. Gunaratne 1997; accepted for publication 24 June 1997 An analysis of stationary and nonstationary cellular. Motivated by the observa- tion of novel stationary and nonstationary cellular states on a flame front, we

  3. Classification: Biological Sciences / Biophysics Domain Compliance and Elastic Power Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junge, Wolfgang

    in Rotary FOF1-ATPase Hendrik Sielaff1 , Henning Rennekamp1 , André Wächter1,2 , Hao Xie1 , Florian Hilbers1 of rotary ATP synthase, ionmotive FO and chemically active F1, are mechanically coupled by a central rotor. The compliance of certain domains was restricted by engineered disulfide bridges between rotor and stator

  4. Domains and Expressions: An Interface Between Two Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, Stephen M.

    Domains and Expressions: An Interface Between Two Approaches to Computer Algebra Cosmin E. Oancea- proach to structuring computer algebra software: using an efficient, compiled language, designed for writing large com- plex mathematical libraries, together with a top-level system based on user

  5. DDDM2007: Domain Driven Data Mining Longbing Cao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    DDDM2007: Domain Driven Data Mining Longbing Cao University of Technology Sydney, Australia lbcao of Technology Sydney, Australia {chengqi,yczhao}@it.uts.edu.au Graham Williams Australian Taxation Office, Australia Graham.Williams@togaware.com ABSTRACT Real-world data mining generally must consider and in- volve

  6. Condorcet Domains; A Geometric Perspective Donald G. Saari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saari, Don

    of the area. To explain "Condorcet Domains" and why they are of interest, start with the fact that when making identifies what is called a fundamental conflict between individual and societal decisions. (For different], Monjardet [10], and Monjardet's survey [11] that appears in this volume. Indeed, it was Monjardet's clear

  7. GPU-Based Conjugate Gradient Solver for Lattice QCD with Domain-Wall Fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ting-Wai Chiu; Tung-Han Hsieh; Yao-Yuan Mao; Kenji Ogawa

    2011-01-02

    We present the first GPU-based conjugate gradient (CG) solver for lattice QCD with domain-wall fermions (DWF). It is well-known that CG is the most time-consuming part in the Hybrid Monte Carlo simulation of unquenched lattice QCD, which becomes even more computational demanding for lattice QCD with exact chiral symmetry. We have designed a CG solver for the general 5-dimensional DWF operator on NVIDIA CUDA architecture with mixed-precision, using the defect correction as well as the reliable updates algorithms. We optimize our computation by even-odd preconditioning in the 4D space-time lattice, plus several innovative techniques for CUDA kernels. For NVIDIA GeForce GTX 285/480, our CG solver attains 180/233 Gflops (sustained).

  8. GPU-Based Conjugate Gradient Solver for Lattice QCD with Domain-Wall Fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiu, Ting-Wai; Mao, Yao-Yuan; Ogawa, Kenji

    2010-01-01

    We present the first GPU-based conjugate gradient (CG) solver for lattice QCD with domain-wall fermions (DWF). It is well-known that CG is the most time-consuming part in the Hybrid Monte Carlo simulation of unquenched lattice QCD, which becomes even more computational demanding for lattice QCD with exact chiral symmetry. We have designed a CG solver for the general 5-dimensional DWF operator on NVIDIA CUDA architecture with mixed-precision, using the defect correction as well as the reliable updates algorithms. We optimize our computation by even-odd preconditioning in the 4D space-time lattice, plus several innovative techniques for CUDA kernels. For NVIDIA GeForce GTX 285/480, our CG solver attains 180/233 Gflops (sustained).

  9. Application of TDR technology to water content monitoring of capillary barriers made of pulp and paper residues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, A.R.; Burnotte, F.; Lefebvre, G.

    1999-03-01

    Acid mine drainage (AMD) can be curbed by covering tailings with capillary barriers. The purposes of these barriers is to prevent O{sub 2} from interacting with mine residues. This control can be made by keeping a high degree of moisture inside the cover material. Saturation is thus a key parameter to be monitored. The purpose of this paper is to present how the time domain reflectometry (TDR) technique can be used in order to monitor the volumetric water content for pulp and paper residues that have been used as capillary barriers. Calibration curves for deinking residues are presented and compared to literature data relating to mineral and organic soils.

  10. TiP: Analyzing Periodic Time Series Patterns Thomas Bernecker, Hans-Peter Kriegel, Peer Kroger, and Matthias Renz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kriegel, Hans-Peter

    , evolution of stock charts, research on medical behavior of organisms, or analysis and detec- tion of motion of environmental data. 1 Introduction In a large range of application domains, e.g. environmental analysis series. Overall, TiP serves as a framework to effectively and efficiently manage dual- domain time series

  11. Optical low coherence reflectometry for the measurement of collagen thickness 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merchant, Jean Carol

    1998-01-01

    of this type of source are an edge emitting LED, a super luminescent diode and a multimode laser diode. An OLCR system is a totally non-invasive technique which can be bulk or fiber optic and can utilize a Fabry Perot or a Michelson interferometer. OLCR... pattern created by the interferometer. " There were three light sources associated with this technique, the HeNe laser, the single mode laser diode and the multimode laser diode. The measurement source was a multimode semiconductor laser diode at 780...

  12. LANSCE | Lujan Center | Highlights | Neutron Reflectometry (NR) at Lujan

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate student Subtask2 J.N.open toCelebrating LosCenter Helps

  13. Using UML for Domain-Specific Component Models1 This work was partially supported by the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research via the strategic research centre PROGRESS, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Steffen

    a possible solution for achieving interoperability between UML and the domain-specific language SaveComp Component Model (SaveCCM) intended for real-time embedded systems, by means of implementing a transformation between UML and SaveCCM models. The challenge of the transformation is to keep all necessary information

  14. Imaging and time reversal in random media Liliana Borcea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papanicolaou, George C.

    -separated scatterers in a randomly inhomogeneous environment using an active sensor array. The main features decomposition of the array response matrix in the frequency domain, and (iii) the construction of an objective of the medium. This is a new approach to array imaging that is motivated by time reversal in random media

  15. Space-Time Galerkin Projection of Electro-Magnetic Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zifu; Hofmann, Heath

    2015-01-01

    Spatial Galerkin projection transfers fields between different meshes. In the area of finite element analysis of electromagnetic fields, it provides great convenience for remeshing, multi-physics, domain decomposition methods, etc. In this paper, a space-time Galerkin projection is developed in order to transfer fields between different spatial and temporal discretization bases.

  16. System Design of a Wide Bandwidth Continuous-Time Sigma-Delta Modulator 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Periasamy, Vijayaramalingam

    2010-07-14

    Sigma-delta analog-to-digital converters are gaining in popularity in recent times because of their ability to trade-off resolutions in the time and voltage domains. In particular, continuous-time modulators are finding more acceptance at higher...

  17. UGE Scheduler Cycle Time

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    UGE Scheduler Cycle Time UGE Scheduler Cycle Time Genepool Cycle Time Genepool Daily Genepool Weekly Phoebe Cycle Time Phoebe Daily Phoebe Weekly What is the Scheduler Cycle? The...

  18. Time and Labor Manual -Time Keepers -LSUSH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Time and Labor Manual - Time Keepers - LSUSH Version Date: July 2012 #12;COPYRIGHT & TRADEMARKS create a risk of personal injury. If you use this software in dangerous applications, then you shall Guide Time and Labor Manual - Time Keepers - LSUSH Page iii Table of Contents Time and Labor Manual

  19. Time Commitments Where Does Your Time Go

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    Time Commitments Where Does Your Time Go Everyone starts the week with the same number of hours. So, why does your time go so fast? Let's find out! Number of hours of sleep each night ____ x 7 preparation/clean-up time) ____ x 7 = ____ Travel time to and from campus ___ x __ = ____ Number of hours per

  20. A Sub-10ps Time-to-Digital Converter with 204ns Dynamic Range For Time-resolved Imaging and Ranging Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narku-Tetteh, Noble Nii Nortey

    2014-01-06

    simulation result - FTDC output .............................................. 72 Figure 4.30 FTDC characteristic ................................................................................. 72 Figure 4.31 FTDC DNL and INL characterization... is that the nature of the analog input is voltage domain for ADC’s while that of TDC’s is time domain. Besides that many of the terms used to describe the imperfections of an ADC such as gain error, INL (integral non-linearity) and DNL (differential non...

  1. Stopbands in the existence domains of acoustic solitons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nsengiyumva, F. Hellberg, M. A. Mace, R. L.; Verheest, F.

    2014-10-15

    A fully nonlinear Sagdeev pseudopotential approach is used to study the existence domain of fast mode ion-acoustic solitons in a three-species plasma composed of cold and warm adiabatic positive ion species and Boltzmann electrons. It is shown that for appropriate values of the cold-to-warm ion charge-to-mass ratio, ?, and the effective warm ion-to-electron temperature ratio, ?, there is a range in cold to warm ion charge density ratio, f, over which a stopband in soliton speed exists. Solitons do not propagate in the stopband, although they can occur for both higher and lower speeds. The stopbands are associated with a limiting curve of the existence domain that is double-valued in speed for a range of values of f. Analytical estimates of the upper and lower limits of ? and ? that support stopbands are found. It is suggested that, inter alia, the analysis should be applicable to the solar wind plasma.

  2. Speeding up Domain Wall Fermion Algorithms using QCDLAB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artan Borici

    2007-03-21

    Simulating lattice QCD with chiral fermions and indeed using Domain Wall Fermions continues to be challenging project however large are concurrent computers. One obvious bottleneck is the slow pace of prototyping using the low level coding which prevails in most, if not all, lattice projects. Recently, we came up with a new proposal, namely QCDLAB, a high level language interface, which we believe will boost our endeavours to rapidly code lattice prototype applications in lattice QCD using MATLAB/OCTAVE language and environment. The first version of the software, QCDLAB 1.0 offers the general framework on how to achieve this goal by simulating set of the lattice Schwinger model {\\tt http://phys.fshn.edu.al/qcdlab.html}. In this talk we introduce QCDLAB 1.1, which extends QCDLAB 1.0 capabilities for real world lattice computations with Wilson and Domain Wall fermions.

  3. End states, ladder compounds, and domain wall fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Creutz

    1999-09-01

    A magnetic field applied to a cross linked ladder compound can generate isolated electronic states bound to the ends of the chain. After exploring the interference phenomena responsible, I discuss a connection to the domain wall approach to chiral fermions in lattice gauge theory. The robust nature of the states under small variations of the bond strengths is tied to chiral symmetry and the multiplicative renormalization of fermion masses.

  4. Analysis of ultra-narrow ferromagnetic domain walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, Catherine; Paul, David

    2012-01-10

    New materials with high magnetic anisotropy will have domains separated by ultra-narrow ferromagnetic walls with widths on the order of a few unit cells, approaching the limit where the elastic continuum approximation often used in micromagnetic simulations is accurate. The limits of this approximation are explored, and the static and dynamic interactions with intrinsic crystalline defects and external driving #12;elds are modeled. The results developed here will be important when considering the stability of ultra-high-density storage media.

  5. Prediction of Protein DomainTypes by Backpropagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szepesvari, Csaba

    Prediction of Protein Domain­Types by Backpropagation J'anos Murvai 1 , Csaba Szepesv'ari 1 , Csan'ad Bachrati 4 and S'andor Pongor 2;3 1 MTA­JATE Research Group on Artificial Intelligence, Szeged 6720, Aradi vrt. tere 1. Hungary 2 ABC Institute for Biochemistry and Protein Research, 2100 G¨od¨oll�o, Hungary 3

  6. Cosmic bubble and domain wall instabilities II: Fracturing of colliding walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Braden; J. Richard Bond; Laura Mersini-Houghton

    2015-06-09

    We study collisions between nearly planar domain walls including the effects of small initial nonplanar fluctuations. These perturbations represent the small fluctuations that must exist in a quantum treatment of the problem. In a previous paper, we demonstrated that at the linear level a subset of these fluctuations experience parametric amplification as a result of their coupling to the planar symmetric background. Here we study the full three-dimensional nonlinear dynamics using lattice simulations, including both the early time regime when the fluctuations are well described by linear perturbation theory as well as the subsequent stage of fully nonlinear evolution. We find that the nonplanar fluctuations have a dramatic effect on the overall evolution of the system. Specifically, once these fluctuations begin to interact nonlinearly the split into a planar symmetric part of the field and the nonplanar fluctuations loses its utility. At this point the colliding domain walls dissolve, with the endpoint of this being the creation of a population of oscillons in the collision region. The original (nearly) planar symmetry has been completely destroyed at this point and an accurate study of the system requires the full three-dimensional simulation.

  7. The Scanalyzer Domain: Greenhouse Logistics as a Planning Problem Malte Helmert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vetter, Thomas

    The Scanalyzer Domain: Greenhouse Logistics as a Planning Problem Malte Helmert Albert the problem of automatic greenhouse logistic management. At its mathematical core, the Scanalyzer domain; Finkel 2009). Smart greenhouses (smarthouses in the following) are an important technology

  8. Nonadiabatic Spin Torque Investigated Using Thermally Activated Magnetic Domain Wall Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    Nonadiabatic Spin Torque Investigated Using Thermally Activated Magnetic Domain Wall Dynamics M microscopy, we investigate the thermally activated motion of domain walls (DWs) between two positions properly analyzed, thermally activated processes at tem- peratures even well below the Curie temperature

  9. 1. An integral extension of integral domains where going-down fails ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-10

    An integral extension of integral domains where going-down fails. Definition 1. Let A be a subring of an integral domain B. The conductor of B into A is c = {a ? A ...

  10. SUPPORTING DOMAIN SPECIFIC WEB-BASED SEARCH USING HEURISTIC KNOWLEDGE EXTRACTION 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunanathan, Sudharsan

    2010-01-16

    Modern search engines like Google support domain-independent search over the vast information contained in web documents. However domain-specific information access, such as finding less well-known people, locations, and ...

  11. Permissible symmetries of multi-domain configurations in perovskite ferroelectric crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    Permissible symmetries of multi-domain configurations in perovskite ferroelectric crystals Jiri through domain engineering are specified for perovskite ferroelectric crystals having tetragonal walls . Many useful ferroelectric materials have the so-called perovskite structure, which contains

  12. Phenomenological theory of a single domain wall in uniaxial trigonal ferroelectrics: Lithium niobate and lithium tantalate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalan, Venkatraman

    Phenomenological theory of a single domain wall in uniaxial trigonal ferroelectrics: Lithium niobate and lithium tantalate David A. Scrymgeour and Venkatraman Gopalan Department of Materials Science, lithium niobate and lithium tantalate. The contributions to the domain- wall energy from polarization

  13. Cross-domain comparison of quantitative technology improvement using patent derived characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Christopher Lee

    2014-01-01

    This thesis compares the performance improvement rates of 28 technological domains with characteristics derived from the patents of the domains, seeking to objectively test theories of how and why technologies change over ...

  14. Magnetic behavior of 360° domain walls in patterned magnetic thin films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mascaro, Mark Daniel

    2012-01-01

    360° transverse domain walls (360DWs), which form readily from transverse 180° domain walls (180DWs) of opposite sense, demonstrate qualitatively distinct behaviors from their constituent 180DWs and are therefore of interest ...

  15. The Neurofascins orchestrate assembly and maintenance of axonal domains in the central nervous system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zonta, Barbara

    Close interaction between oligodendrocytes and axons is essential to initiate myelination and to form specialised domains along myelinated fibres. These domains are characterised by the assembly of protein complexes at ...

  16. NEW RESULTS ON THE ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOUR OF DIRICHLET PROBLEMS IN PERFORATED DOMAINS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garroni, Adriana

    NEW RESULTS ON THE ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOUR OF DIRICHLET PROBLEMS IN PERFORATED DOMAINS GIANNI DAL MASO behaviour of the solutions of elliptic equations with Dirichlet boundary conditions in perforated domains

  17. A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical of Mechanical Engineering) ABSTRACT Within a wave energy converter's operational bandwidth, device operation

  18. Pedogenic Thresholds and Soil Process Domains in Basalt-Derived Soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitousek, PM; Chadwick, OA

    2013-01-01

    rejuvenation of weathering-derived nutri- ent supply in anProcess Domains in Basalt-Derived Soils Peter M. Vitousekand domains in basalt-derived soils on two rainfall

  19. Speech perception in noise with a two-sensor frequency-domain minimum-variance (FMV)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    domain [e.g., Griffiths and Jim, 1982; Zurek et al., 1996; Fischer and Simmer, 1996] by its simplified

  20. Model-Based Mediation with Domain Maps Bertram Ludascher? Amarnath Gupta? Maryann E. Martonez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludäscher, Bertram

    Model-Based Mediation with Domain Maps Bertram Lud¨ascher? Amarnath Gupta? Maryann E. Martonez ?San

  1. Detection of Botnet Collusion by Degree Distribution of Domains Pieter Burghouwt1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Internet by DDoS- attacks, spam, information theft and other criminal activities. They are using botnet-traffic. 1. Introduction Malicious botnets are a major threat to the Inter- net. Criminal spam domains. Anomalies are described, like non-existent domains, typo squatter domains, A-records

  2. A New Software Testing Approach Based on Domain Analysis of Specifications and Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyu, Michael R.

    A New Software Testing Approach Based on Domain Analysis of Specifications and Programs Ruilian of Sciences in Beijing Abstract Partition testing is a well-known software testing technique. This paper shows domain boundary. We present an innovative software testing approach based on input domain analysis

  3. Classifying Domain-Specific Terms Using a Dictionary Dept. of CSSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the domain of oil due to their frequent appear- ances in contexts related to oil although they indi- cate- saurus); and with domain concepts (e.g. WordNet, WordNet Domain, Unified Medical Language Sys- tem (UMLS

  4. On-Line Transform Domain LMS Algorithm Implemented with PCA Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    On-Line Transform Domain LMS Algorithm Implemented with PCA Learning Chuan Wang, L-K Yen, and Jose University of Florida Gainesville, FL 32611 Abstract An on-line transform domain Least Mean Square (LMS is used as an orthonormalization layer in the transform domain LMS filter. Since PCA learning is an on

  5. In-medium effects for nuclear matter in the Fermi energy domain D. Durand,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    In-medium effects for nuclear matter in the Fermi energy domain O. Lopez,1 D. Durand,1 G. Lehaut,1 of nuclear reactions in the Fermi energy domain. I. INTRODUCTION Transport properties in nuclear matter energy domain, transport features should exhibit the in- terplay between mean-field (nuclear degrees

  6. Learning with Augmented Features for Heterogeneous Domain Lixin Duan S080003@ntu.edu.sg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Dong

    . Copyright 2012 by the author(s)/owner(s). learning (a.k.a., domain adaptation), as a new machine learning data from the target domain by leveraging a large amount of labeled data from other existing domains (a.k.a

  7. Propagating and reflecting of spin wave in permalloy nanostrip with 360° domain wall

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Senfu; Mu, Congpu; Zhu, Qiyuan; Zheng, Qi; Liu, Xianyin; Wang, Jianbo; Liu, Qingfang

    2014-01-07

    By micromagnetic simulation, we investigated the interaction between propagating spin wave (or magnonic) and a 360° domain wall in a nanostrip. It is found that propagating spin wave can drive a 360° domain wall motion, and the velocity and direction are closely related to the transmission coefficient of the spin wave of the domain wall. When the spin wave passes through the domain wall completely, the 360° domain wall moves toward the spin wave source. When the spin wave is reflected by the domain wall, the 360° domain wall moves along the spin wave propagation direction. Moreover, when the frequency of the spin wave is coincident with that of the 360° domain wall normal mode, the 360° domain wall velocity will be resonantly enhanced no matter which direction the 360 DW moves along. On the other hand, when the spin wave is reflected from the moving 360° domain wall, we observed the Doppler effect clearly. After passing through a 360° domain wall, the phase of the spin wave is changed, and the phase shift is related to the frequency. Nevertheless, phase shift could be manipulated by the number of 360° domain walls that spin wave passing through.

  8. Domain Engineering for Enhanced Ferroelectric Properties of Epitaxial (001) BiFeO Thin Films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eom, Chang Beom

    Domain Engineering for Enhanced Ferroelectric Properties of Epitaxial (001) BiFeO Thin Films By Ho of conventional Ti-rich lead zirconia titanate, suggested BiFeO3 as a strong candidate for lead-free nonvolatile are simultaneously improved by domain engineering. For the demonstration of the domain variant selection in BiFeO3

  9. WHEN Cp(X) IS DOMAIN REPRESENTABLE WILLIAM FLEISSNER AND LYNNE YENGULALP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yengulalp, Lynne

    WHEN Cp(X) IS DOMAIN REPRESENTABLE WILLIAM FLEISSNER AND LYNNE YENGULALP ABSTRACT. Let M corollaries answer open questions. If X is completely regular and Cp(X) is domain representable, then X is discrete. If X is zero-dimensional, T2 , and Cp(X, D) is subcompact, then X is discrete. keywords: Domain

  10. Two-parameter homogenization for a GL problem in a perforated domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlyand, Leonid

    Two-parameter homogenization for a GL problem in a perforated domain Leonid Berlyand(1) , Petru the notations: o = o, i = i so that A = o i. We next define a perforated domain A obtained by "punching" holes, a point x R2 and define Z = {m + x + P A}. Then the perforated domain is defined as follows: A = A \\ m

  11. Castaing Instability and Precessing Domains in Confined Alkali Gases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Kuklov; A. E. Meyerovich

    2002-02-05

    We explore analogy between two-component quantum alkali gases and spin-polarized helium systems. Recent experiments in trapped gases are put into the frame of the existing theory for Castaing instability in transverse channel and formation of homogeneous precessing domains in spin-polarized systems. Analogous effects have already been observed in spin-polarized $% ^{3}He$ and $^{3}He- ^{4}He$ mixtures systems. The threshold effect of the confining potential on the instability is analyzed. New experimental possibilities for observation of transverse instability in a trap are discussed.

  12. Energy dissipation in single-domain ferromagnetic nanoparticles: Dynamical approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. V. Lyutyy; S. I. Denisov; A. Yu. Peletskyi; C. Binns

    2015-02-14

    We study, both analytically and numerically, the phenomenon of energy dissipation in single-domain ferromagnetic nanoparticles driven by an alternating magnetic field. Our interest is focused on the power loss resulting from the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation, which describes the precessional motion of the nanoparticle magnetic moment. We determine the power loss as a function of the field amplitude and frequency and analyze its dependence on different regimes of forced precession induced by circularly and linearly polarized magnetic fields. The conditions to maximize the nanoparticle heating are also analyzed.

  13. Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C.3X-rays3 Prepared by:'! IStochastic Domain-Wall

  14. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sectorfor $1.14Dynein Motor Domain Shows

  15. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sectorfor $1.14Dynein Motor Domain ShowsDynein

  16. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sectorfor $1.14Dynein Motor Domain

  17. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sectorfor $1.14Dynein Motor DomainDynein Motor

  18. Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalentLaboratory |Sectorfor $1.14Dynein Motor DomainDynein

  19. Ranking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    printers,... ­ User generated. T i bl 3D h· Trimble 3D warehouse... 3D model retrieval is essentialRanking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model Retrieval Takahiko FuruyaRyutarou Ohbuchi University of Yamanashi #12;IntroductionIntroduction 3D models

  20. Ranking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohbuchi, Ryutarou

    printers,... ­ User generated. T i bl 3D h· Trimble 3D warehouse... 3D model retrieval is essential scanners, 3D printers,... ­ User generated. T i bl 3D h· Trimble 3D warehouse... 3D model retrievalRanking on Cross Domain Manifold forRanking on Cross-Domain Manifold for Sketch-based 3D model

  1. Example Work Domain Analysis for a Reference Sodium Fast Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hugo, Jacques; Oxstrand, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    The nuclear industry is currently designing and building a new generation of reactors that will include different structural, functional, and environmental aspects, all of which are likely to have a significant impact on the way these plants are operated. In order to meet economic and safety objectives, these new reactors will all use advanced technologies to some extent, including new materials and advanced digital instrumentation and control systems. New technologies will affect not only operational strategies, but will also require a new approach to how functions are allocated to humans or machines to ensure optimal performance. Uncertainty about the effect of large scale changes in plant design will remain until sound technical bases are developed for new operational concepts and strategies. Up-to-date models and guidance are required for the development of operational concepts for complex socio-technical systems. This report describes how the classical Work Domain Analysis method was adapted to develop operational concept frameworks for new plants. This adaptation of the method is better able to deal with the uncertainty and incomplete information typical of first-of-a-kind designs. Practical examples are provided of the systematic application of the method in the operational analysis of sodium-cooled reactors. Insights from this application and its utility are reviewed and arguments for the formal adoption of Work Domain Analysis as a value-added part of the Systems Engineering process are presented.

  2. Parametric Study of the Frequency-Domain Thermoreflectance Technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. Xing; C. Jensen; Z. Hua; H. Ban; D. H. Hurley; M. Khafizov; J. Rory Kennedy

    2012-11-01

    Without requiring regression for parameter determination, one-dimensional (1D) analytical models are used by many research groups to extract the thermal properties in frequency-domain thermoreflectance measurements. Experimentally, this approach involves heating the sample with a pump laser and probing the temperature response with spatially coincident probe laser. Micron order lateral resolution can be obtained by tightly focusing the pump and probe lasers. However, small laser beam spot sizes necessarily bring into question the assumptions associated with 1D analytical models. In this study, we analyzed the applicability of 1D analytical models by comparing to 2D analytical and fully numerical models. Specifically, we considered a generic nlayer two-dimensional (2D), axisymmetric analytical model including effects of volumetric heat absorption, contact resistance, and anisotropic properties. In addition, a finite element numerical model was employed to consider nonlinear effects caused by temperature dependent thermal conductivity. Nonlinearity is of germane importance to frequency domain approaches because the experimental geometry is such that the probe is always sensing the maximum temperature fluctuation. To quantify the applicability of the 1D model, parametric studies were performed considering the effects of: film thickness, heating laser size, probe laser size, substrate-to-film effusivity ratio, interfacial thermal resistance between layers, volumetric heating, substrate thermal conductivity, nonlinear boundary conditions, and anisotropic and temperature dependent thermal conductivity.

  3. Phylogenomic and functional domain analysis of polyketide synthases in Fusarium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Daren W.; Butchko, Robert A.; Baker, Scott E.; Proctor, Robert H.

    2012-02-01

    Fusarium species are ubiquitous in nature, cause a range of plant diseases, and produce a variety of chemicals often referred to as secondary metabolites. Although some fungal secondary metabolites affect plant growth or protect plants from other fungi and bacteria, their presence in grain based food and feed is more often associated with a variety of diseases in plants and in animals. Many of these structurally diverse metabolites are derived from a family of related enzymes called polyketide synthases (PKSs). A search of genomic sequence of Fusarium verticillioides, F. graminearum, F. oxysporum and Nectria haematococca (anamorph F. solani) identified a total of 58 PKS genes. To gain insight into how this gene family evolved and to guide future studies, we conducted a phylogenomic and functional domain analysis. The resulting genealogy suggested that Fusarium PKSs represent 34 different groups responsible for synthesis of different core metabolites. The analyses indicate that variation in the Fusarium PKS gene family is due to gene duplication and loss events as well as enzyme gain-of-function due to the acquisition of new domains or of loss-of-function due to nucleotide mutations. Transcriptional analysis indicate that the 16 F. verticillioides PKS genes are expressed under a range of conditions, further evidence that they are functional genes that confer the ability to produce secondary metabolites.

  4. Time Crystals from Minimum Time Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mir Faizal; Mohammed M. Khalil; Saurya Das

    2014-12-29

    Motivated by the Generalized Uncertainty Principle, covariance, and a minimum measurable time, we propose a deformation of the Heisenberg algebra, and show that this leads to corrections to all quantum mechanical systems. We also demonstrate that such a deformation implies a discrete spectrum for time. In other words, time behaves like a crystal.

  5. Improvements in fast-response flood modeling: desktop parallel computing and domain tracking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judi, David R; Mcpherson, Timothy N; Burian, Steven J

    2009-01-01

    It is becoming increasingly important to have the ability to accurately forecast flooding, as flooding accounts for the most losses due to natural disasters in the world and the United States. Flood inundation modeling has been dominated by one-dimensional approaches. These models are computationally efficient and are considered by many engineers to produce reasonably accurate water surface profiles. However, because the profiles estimated in these models must be superimposed on digital elevation data to create a two-dimensional map, the result may be sensitive to the ability of the elevation data to capture relevant features (e.g. dikes/levees, roads, walls, etc...). Moreover, one-dimensional models do not explicitly represent the complex flow processes present in floodplains and urban environments and because two-dimensional models based on the shallow water equations have significantly greater ability to determine flow velocity and direction, the National Research Council (NRC) has recommended that two-dimensional models be used over one-dimensional models for flood inundation studies. This paper has shown that two-dimensional flood modeling computational time can be greatly reduced through the use of Java multithreading on multi-core computers which effectively provides a means for parallel computing on a desktop computer. In addition, this paper has shown that when desktop parallel computing is coupled with a domain tracking algorithm, significant computation time can be eliminated when computations are completed only on inundated cells. The drastic reduction in computational time shown here enhances the ability of two-dimensional flood inundation models to be used as a near-real time flood forecasting tool, engineering, design tool, or planning tool. Perhaps even of greater significance, the reduction in computation time makes the incorporation of risk and uncertainty/ensemble forecasting more feasible for flood inundation modeling (NRC 2000; Sayers et al. 2000).

  6. Car-Rec: A Real Time Car Recognition System Daniel Marcus Jang and Matthew Turk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Car-Rec: A Real Time Car Recognition System Daniel Marcus Jang and Matthew Turk University. The resulting system is applied to the domain of car recognition and achieves accurate (> 90%) and real-time performance when searching databases containing thou- sands of images. 1. Introduction Car recognition

  7. Discrimination and Classification of Nonstationary Time Series using the SLEX Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Discrimination and Classification of Nonstationary Time Series using the SLEX Model Hsiao-Yun Huang scheme based on the SLEX (Smooth Localized Complex EXponential) library. The SLEX library forms domains. Thus, the SLEX library has the ability to extract local spectral features of the time series

  8. Discrimination and Classification of Nonstationary Time Series Using the SLEX Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Discrimination and Classification of Nonstationary Time Series Using the SLEX Model Hsiao-Yun HUANG a discriminant scheme based on the SLEX (smooth localized complex exponential) library. The SLEX library forms domains. Thus, the SLEX library has the ability to extract local spectral features of the time series

  9. An Adaptive Framework for Visualizing Unstructured Grids with Time-Varying Scalar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callahan, Steven

    . A number of successful techniques for time-varying regular grids have used compression to mitigate simulations. This is a challenging problem since this data is often large, can be organized in different) and variable domain fields. It is common to consider subsets of this problem, such as time-varying scalar

  10. Imaging and time reversal in random media Liliana Borcea # George Papanicolaou + Chrysoula Tsogka # James Berryman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papanicolaou, George C.

    , well­separated scatterers in a randomly inhomogeneous environment using an active sensor array) the construction of an objective function in the time domain that is statistically stable and peaks individual realizations of the medium. This is a new approach to array imaging that is motivated by time

  11. Assigning Terms to Domains by Document Classification Robert Gaizauskas, Emma Barker, Monica Lestari Paramita and Ahmet Aker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaizauskas, Rob

    .e. dictionaries, partic- ularly in specialist subject areas or domains, such as biomedicine, information techology

  12. Space time and the passage of time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George F. R. Ellis; Rituparno Goswami

    2012-08-26

    This paper examines the various arguments that have been put forward suggesting either that time does not exist, or that it exists but its flow is not real. I argue that (i) time both exists and flows; (ii) an Evolving Block Universe (`EBU') model of spacetime adequately captures this feature, emphasizing the key differences between the past, present, and future; (iii) the associated surfaces of constant time are uniquely geometrically and physically determined in any realistic spacetime model based in General Relativity Theory; (iv) such a model is needed in order to capture the essential aspects of what is happening in circumstances where initial data does not uniquely determine the evolution of spacetime structure because quantum uncertainty plays a key role in that development. Assuming that the functioning of the mind is based in the physical brain, evidence from the way that the mind apprehends the flow of time prefers this evolving time model over those where there is no flow of time.

  13. Contributions of the center vortices and vacuum domain in potentials between static sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Sedigheh Deldar

    2015-03-04

    In this paper, we study the role of the domain structure of the Yang Mills vacuum. The Casimir scaling and $N$-ality are investigated in the potentials between static sources in various representations for $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$ gauge groups based on the domain structure model using square ansatz for angle $\\alpha_{C}(x)$. We also discuss about the contributions of the vacuum domain and center vortices in the static potentials. As a result, the potentials obtained from vacuum domains agree with Casimir scaling better than the ones obtained from center vortices. The reasons of these observations are investigated by studying the behavior of the potentials obtained from vacuum domains and center vortices and the properties of the group factors. Then, the vacuum domains in $SU(N)$ and $G(2)$ gauge groups are compared and we argue that the $G(2)$ vacuum is filled with center vortices of its subgroups.

  14. Unstable domains of tearing and Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities in a rotating cylindrical plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fan, D. M.; Wei, L.; Wang, Z. X., E-mail: zxwang@dlut.edu.cn; Zheng, S. [Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Beams of the Ministry of Education, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Duan, P. [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026 (China)

    2014-09-15

    Effects of poloidal rotation profile on tearing and Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instabilities in a cylindrical plasma are investigated by using a reduced magnetohydrodynamic model. Since the poloidal rotation has different effects on the tearing and KH modes in different rotation regimes, four unstable domains are numerically identified, i.e., the destabilized tearing mode domain, stabilized tearing mode domain, stable-window domain, and unstable KH mode domain. It is also found that when the rotation layer is in the outer region of the rational surface, the stabilizing role of the rotation can be enhanced so significantly that the stable window domain is enlarged. Moreover, Alfvén resonances can be induced by the tearing and KH modes in such rotating plasmas. Radially wide profiles of current and vorticity perturbations can be formed when multiple current sheets on different resonance positions are coupled together.

  15. System and method for manipulating domain pinning and reversal in ferromagnetic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Silevitch, Daniel M.; Rosenbaum, Thomas F.; Aeppli, Gabriel

    2013-10-15

    A method for manipulating domain pinning and reversal in a ferromagnetic material comprises applying an external magnetic field to a uniaxial ferromagnetic material comprising a plurality of magnetic domains, where each domain has an easy axis oriented along a predetermined direction. The external magnetic field is applied transverse to the predetermined direction and at a predetermined temperature. The strength of the magnetic field is varied at the predetermined temperature, thereby isothermally regulating pinning of the domains. A magnetic storage device for controlling domain dynamics includes a magnetic hard disk comprising a uniaxial ferromagnetic material, a magnetic recording head including a first magnet, and a second magnet. The ferromagnetic material includes a plurality of magnetic domains each having an easy axis oriented along a predetermined direction. The second magnet is positioned adjacent to the magnetic hard disk and is configured to apply a magnetic field transverse to the predetermined direction.

  16. Pinkbar is an epithelial-specific BAR domain protein that generates planar membrane structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pykäläinen, Anette; Boczkowska, Malgorzata; Zhao, Hongxia; Saarikangas, Juha; Rebowski, Grzegorz; Jansen, Maurice; Hakanen, Janne; Koskela, Essi V.; Peränen, Johan; Vihinen, Helena; Jokitalo, Eija; Salminen, Marjo; Ikonen, Elina; Dominguez, Roberto; Lappalainen, Pekka

    2013-05-29

    Bin/amphipysin/Rvs (BAR)-domain proteins sculpt cellular membranes and have key roles in processes such as endocytosis, cell motility and morphogenesis. BAR domains are divided into three subfamilies: BAR- and F-BAR-domain proteins generate positive membrane curvature and stabilize cellular invaginations, whereas I-BAR-domain proteins induce negative curvature and stabilize protrusions. We show that a previously uncharacterized member of the I-BAR subfamily, Pinkbar, is specifically expressed in intestinal epithelial cells, where it localizes to Rab13-positive vesicles and to the plasma membrane at intercellular junctions. Notably, the BAR domain of Pinkbar does not induce membrane tubulation but promotes the formation of planar membrane sheets. Structural and mutagenesis analyses reveal that the BAR domain of Pinkbar has a relatively flat lipid-binding interface and that it assembles into sheet-like oligomers in crystals and in solution, which may explain its unique membrane-deforming activity.

  17. Ion mobility spectrometer using frequency-domain separation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Martin, S.J.; Butler, M.A.; Frye, G.C.; Schubert, W.K.

    1998-08-04

    An apparatus and method are provided for separating and analyzing chemical species in an ion mobility spectrometer using a frequency-domain technique wherein the ions generated from the chemical species are selectively transported through an ion flow channel having a moving electrical potential therein. The moving electrical potential allows the ions to be selected according to ion mobility, with certain of the ions being transported to an ion detector and other of the ions being effectively discriminated against. The apparatus and method have applications for sensitive chemical detection and analysis for monitoring of exhaust gases, hazardous waste sites, industrial processes, aerospace systems, non-proliferation, and treaty verification. The apparatus can be formed as a microelectromechanical device (i.e. a micromachine). 6 figs.

  18. Ion mobility spectrometer using frequency-domain separation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Martin, Stephen J. (Albuquerque, NM); Butler, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM); Frye, Gregory C. (Cedar Crest, NM); Schubert, W. Kent (Albuquerque, NM)

    1998-01-01

    An apparatus and method is provided for separating and analyzing chemical species in an ion mobility spectrometer using a frequency-domain technique wherein the ions generated from the chemical species are selectively transported through an ion flow channel having a moving electrical potential therein. The moving electrical potential allows the ions to be selected according to ion mobility, with certain of the ions being transported to an ion detector and other of the ions being effectively discriminated against. The apparatus and method have applications for sensitive chemical detection and analysis for monitoring of exhaust gases, hazardous waste sites, industrial processes, aerospace systems, non-proliferation, and treaty verification. The apparatus can be formed as a microelectromechanical device (i.e. a micromachine).

  19. Depinning transition of a domain wall in ferromagnetic films

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xi, Bin; Luo, Meng -Bo; Vinokur, Valerii M.; Hu, Xiao

    2015-09-14

    We report first principle numerical study of domain wall (DW) depinning in two-dimensional magnetic film, which is modeled by 2D random-field Ising system with the dipole-dipole interaction. We observe non-conventional activation-type motion of DW and reveal the fractal structure of DW near the depinning transition. We determine scaling functions describing critical dynamics near the transition and obtain universal exponents establishing connection between thermal softening of pinning potential and critical dynamics. In addition, we observe that tuning the strength of the dipole-dipole interaction switches DW dynamics between two different universality classes, corresponding to two distinct dynamic regimes characterized by non-Arrhenius andmore »conventional Arrhenius-type DW motions.« less

  20. Future of Chiral Extrapolations with Domain Wall Fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen R. Sharpe

    2007-06-01

    I discuss the constraints on the lattice spacing, a, the quark masses, m, the box size, L, and particularly the residual mass, m_res, such that one can successfully calculate phenomenologically interesting quantities using Domain Wall fermions (DWF). The constraints on a, m, and L are largely common with other improved fermion discretizations, and I emphasize that the improved chiral symmetry of DWF does not remove the need for simulations with a significant range of lattice parameters. Concerning m_res, I compare the analysis of chiral symmetry breaking to that with Wilson fermions, emphasizing that DWF are better than simply Wilson fermions with each chiral symmetry breaking effect reduced by a common factor. I then discuss the impact of non-zero m_res both on generic hadronic quantities, and on matrix elements which involve mixing with lower dimension operators.