Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY MEASUREMENT AND HIGHLY PLASTIC CLAYS By: J. A. Kuhn1 and J. G. Zornberg for use in highly plastic clay. The clay used for experimentation was taken locally from the Eagle Ford Ford Clay is determined. INTRODUCTION The progression of wetting and drying fronts in highly plastic

Zornberg, Jorge G.

2

Solute Transport Measurement Under Transient Field Conditions Using Time Domain Reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...surface and groundwater resources by agrochemicals (e.g., pesticide, and nitrate...about the movement and management of agrochemicals in soil. Characterization of water...Assessing temporal vacations in soil water composition with time domain reflectometry. Soil...

K. Noborio; R. G. Kachanoski; C. S. Tan

3

Comparing Time Domain Reflectometry and Electrical Resistivity Tomography Measurements for Estimating Soil Water Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

511 Comparing Time Domain Reflectometry and Electrical Resistivity Tomography Measurements compared with electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) measurements along the same cross's interior for the measurements. However, determining the soil water content from the resulting electrical

Sailhac, Pascal

4

Landfill cover performance monitoring using time domain reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time domain reflectometry (TDR) systems were installed to monitor soil moisture in two newly constructed landfill covers at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Each TDR system includes four vertical arrays with each array consisting of four TDR probes located at depths of 15, 30, 45, and 60 cm. The deepest probes at 60 cm were installed beneath a compacted soil layer to analyze infiltration through the compacted layer. Based on the TDR data, infiltration through the two covers between March and October, 1997 ranged from less than measurable to 1.5 cm. However, due to a prohibition on penetrating the buried waste and resulting limits on probe placement depths, deeper percolation was not evaluated. Some of the advantages found in the application of TDR for infiltration monitoring at this site are the relative low cost and rugged nature of the equipment. Also, of particular importance, the ability to collect frequent moisture measurements allows the capture and evaluation of soil moisture changes resulting from episodic precipitation events. Disadvantages include the inability to install the probes into the waste, difficulties in interpretation of infiltration during freeze/thaw periods, and some excessive noise in the data.

Neher, E.R.; Cotten, G.B. [Parsons Infrastructure & Technology Group, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); McElroy, D. [Lockheed-Martin Idaho Technologies Company, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Cable Damage Detection System and Algorithms Using Time Domain Reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the hardware system and the set of algorithms we have developed for detecting damage in cables for the Advanced Development and Process Technologies (ADAPT) Program. This program is part of the W80 Life Extension Program (LEP). The system could be generalized for application to other systems in the future. Critical cables can undergo various types of damage (e.g. short circuits, open circuits, punctures, compression) that manifest as changes in the dielectric/impedance properties of the cables. For our specific problem, only one end of the cable is accessible, and no exemplars of actual damage are available. This work addresses the detection of dielectric/impedance anomalies in transient time domain reflectometry (TDR) measurements on the cables. The approach is to interrogate the cable using time domain reflectometry (TDR) techniques, in which a known pulse is inserted into the cable, and reflections from the cable are measured. The key operating principle is that any important cable damage will manifest itself as an electrical impedance discontinuity that can be measured in the TDR response signal. Machine learning classification algorithms are effectively eliminated from consideration, because only a small number of cables is available for testing; so a sufficient sample size is not attainable. Nonetheless, a key requirement is to achieve very high probability of detection and very low probability of false alarm. The approach is to compare TDR signals from possibly damaged cables to signals or an empirical model derived from reference cables that are known to be undamaged. This requires that the TDR signals are reasonably repeatable from test to test on the same cable, and from cable to cable. Empirical studies show that the repeatability issue is the 'long pole in the tent' for damage detection, because it is has been difficult to achieve reasonable repeatability. This one factor dominated the project. The two-step model-based approach is summarized as follows: Step 1, Cable Modeling: Given input-output TDR signals s(n) and x{sub U}(n) for a cable known to be free of damage, system identification algorithms are used to compute a dynamic prediction-error cable model that has output {cflx x}{sub U}(n). The model is declared valid when the innovations e{sub U}(n) = x{sub U}(n) {cflx x}{sub U}(n) satisfy a statistical zero-mean whiteness test. This validated model output is then used as a known reference to which other cables can be compared. Step 2, Cable Testing: The TDR output signal x{sub D}(n) from a cable under test is compared with the model output {cflx x}{sub U}(n) by computing the innovations e{sub D}(n) = x{sub D}(n) {cflx x}{sub U}(n). The innovations are tested using a short-term whiteness test statistic, which employs a statistical confidence interval. If the cable passes the test, this implies that the model is valid and the cable is declared undamaged. If the cable fails the test, this indicates a model mismatch, which means that the cable's dielectric properties have changed; and this implies that the cable is damaged. The test threshold is adjusted to maximize probability of detection and minimize probability of false alarm according to an empirically determined receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. An associated confidence interval on the probability of correct classification is also provided. The effectiveness of the algorithm is demonstrated using measured TDR signals for undamaged and damaged cables. Experimental and algorithmic methods for coping with repeatability issues are presented. The model-based damage detection algorithms have been shown to perform well for some representative examples of real TDR signals acquired using the two-dimensional (2D) mockup fixture. If the damage causes a short circuit, then damage detection performance is generally good to excellent. Examples include the cases demonstrated in this report for cuts and pinholes. If the damage does not cause a short circuit, then damage detection performance is generally poor to fair. Examples include

Clark, G A; Robbins, C L; Wade, K A; Souza, P R

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

6

Method and Apparatus for Monitoring the Integrity of a Geomembrane Liner using time Domain Reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Leaks are detected in a multi-layered geomembrane liner by a two-dimensional time domain reflectometry (TDR) technique. The TDR geomembrane liner is constructed with an electrically conductive detection layer positioned between two electrically non-conductive dielectric layers, which are each positioned between the detection layer and an electrically conductive reference layer. The integrity of the TDR geomembrane liner is determined by generating electrical pulses within the detection layer and measuring the time delay for any reflected electrical energy caused by absorption of moisture by a dielectric layer.

Morris, John L.

1998-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

7

Time-Domain Reflectometry for Tamper Indication in Unattended Monitoring Systems for Safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) continues to expand its use of unattended, remotely monitored measurement systems. An increasing number of systems and an expanding family of instruments create challenges in terms of deployment efficiency and the implementation of data authentication measures. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) leads a collaboration that is exploring various tamper-indicating (TI) measures that could help to address some of the long-standing detector and data-transmission authentication challenges with IAEA’s unattended systems. PNNL is investigating the viability of active time-domain reflectometry (TDR) along two parallel but interconnected paths: (1) swept-frequency TDR as the highly flexible, laboratory gold standard to which field-deployable options can be compared, and (2) a low-cost commercially available spread-spectrum TDR technology as one option for field implementation. This report describes PNNL’s progress and preliminary findings from the first year of the study, and describes the path forward.

Tedeschi, Jonathan R.; Smith, Leon E.; Moore, David E.; Sheen, David M.; Conrad, Ryan C.

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

8

Comparison of neutron probe and time domain reflectometry techniques of soil moisture analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Environmental Science Group of Los Alamos National Laboratory collected soil water content data using Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) and neutron probe in order to correlate the results from the two techniques in a study performed at Los Alamos, NM. Two well-characterized field plots (3m {times} 10m) were instrumented with TDR waveguides and neutron probe access tubes at four locations. At each location, TDR rod pairs were placed horizontally at 5-,15-,30-,45- and 60-cm depths and vertical sets of rod pairs with lengths of 15-,30-,45- and 60-cm were installed. Neutron probe measurements were taken at 15-,30-,45- and 60-cm depths. Because the neutron probe measures a spherical volume, soil water content values were compared with horizontal TDR readings averaged over the same zone. Additionally, vertical TDR readings were compared to neutron probe readings averaged over the depths corresponding to each TDR length. Measurements for each technique were taken weekly since Fall of 1992. A time series comparison of the results is presented.

Schofield, T.G.; Langhorst, G.J.; Trujillo, G.; Bostick, K.V.; Hansen, W.R.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Engineered Surface Barrier Monitoring Using Ground-Penetrating Radar, Time-Domain Reflectometry, and Neutron-Scattering Techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effective monitoring of surface barriers intended to isolate and protect waste from the accessible environment requires techniques to assess their performance. Quantifying drainage conditions at any point below the barrier is difficult because field-scale drainage measurements are not well suited for assessing spatial drainage heterogeneity. Measurements of water storage, however, can provide an indirect measure of impending drainage. We measured seasonal water content at a vegetated capillary barrier on the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State to determine effective water-content monitoring methods. Measurements were made using ground-penetrating radar (GPR) techniques. Simultaneous measurements using time-domain reflectometry (TDR) and neutron-scattering probe (NP) at multiple depths were used to determine the depth of influence of the GPR ground wave. The GPR depth of influence increased only slightly with decreasing moisture content, ranging from 33 cm to 37 cm. TDR measurements were made using permanently emplaced arrays, eliminating the need for repeated ground disturbance. All three methods showed similar seasonal responses, with the highest water contents observed during the winter months decreasing through the summer. Unlike TDR and NPs, which are point measurements, GPR exhibited much greater spatial variability across the barrier surface. Our results indicate that GPR, in conjunction with automated TDR depth profiles can provide an effective and minimally invasive method for providing high-resolution estimates of soil water content within an engineered barrier.

Strickland, Christopher E.; Ward, Anderson L.; Clement, William P.; Draper, Kathryn E.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Birefringence insensitive optical coherence domain reflectometry system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A birefringence insensitive fiber optic optical coherence domain reflectometry (OCDR) system is provided containing non-polarization maintaining (non-PM) fiber in the sample arm and the reference arm without suffering from signal degradation caused by birefringence. The use of non-PM fiber significantly reduces the cost of the OCDR system and provides a disposable or multiplexed section of the sample arm. The dispersion in the reference arm and sample arm of the OCDR system are matched to achieve high resolution imaging. This system is useful in medical applications or for non-medical in situ probes. The disposable section of non-PM fiber in the sample arm can be conveniently replaced when contaminated by a sample or a patient.

Everett, Matthew J. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Joseph G. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

An evaluation of hydrologic, geotechnical, and chemical behavior of processed oil shale solid waste 2; The use of time domain reflectometry (TDR) for monitoring in-situ volumetric water content in processed oil shale  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the use of time domain reflectometry (TDR) for monitoring volumetric water contents in processed oil shale solid waste. TDR measures soil water content via a correlation between the dielectric constant (K) of the 3 phase (soil-water-air) system and the volumetric water content ({theta}{sub v}). An extensive bench top research program has been conducted to evaluate and verify the use of this technique in processed oil shale solid waste. This study utilizes columns of processed oil shale packed to known densities and varying water contents and compares the columetric water content measured via TDR and the volumetric water content measured through gravimetric determination.

Reeves, T.L.; Elgezawi, S.M. (Wyoming Univ., Laramie, WY (USA). Dept. of Civil Engineering); Kaser, T.G. (GIGO Computer and Electronic, Laramie, WY (US))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Quantification of Magnetic Domain Disorder and Correlations in Antiferromagnetically Coupled Multilayers by Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The in-plane correlation lengths and angular dispersion of magnetic domains in a transition metal multilayer have been studied using off-specular neutron reflectometry techniques. A theoretical framework considering both structural and magnetic disorder has been developed, quantitatively connecting the observed scattering to the in-plane correlation length and the dispersion of the local magnetization vector about the mean macroscopic direction. The antiferromagnetic domain structure is highly vertically correlated throughout the multilayer. We are easily able to relate the neutron determined magnetic domain dispersion to magnetization and magnetoresistance experiments.

Sean Langridge; Jörg Schmalian; C. H. Marrows; D. T. Dekadjevi; B. J. Hickey

2000-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

13

Time-odd correlation in a neutron reflectometry experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We find that neutron transmission of magnetic systems with the noncollinear magnetization contains a time-odd correlation. The neutron reflection from such a system violates detailed balance. Time-odd correlation is shown to violate T-invariance even in the presence of an irreversibly produced by losses and described by the imaginary part in the neutron-matter interaction.

Ignatovich, V. K., E-mail: ignatovi@nf.jinr.ru; Nikitenko, Yu. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics (Russian Federation)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

14

Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry is a relatively new technique [1,2]. In the last years, it has been extensively used for solving soft matter problems like polymer mixing [3,4] or the structure of liquids at the surface [5,

Claude Fermon; Frédéric Ott; Alain Menelle

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Domain-wall structure in thin films with perpendicular anisotropy: Magnetic force microscopy and polarized neutron reflectometry study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ferromagnetic domain patterns and three-dimensional domain-wall configurations in thin CoCrPt films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy were studied in detail by combining magnetic force microscopy and polarized neutron ...

Navas, David

16

Advances in specular neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Specular neutron reflectometry provides a depth profile of the scattering ... material. To date, numerous productive applications of neutron reflectometry have been demonstrated. With the new development ... stil...

C.F. Majkrzak; N.F. Berk

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Development of Nonlinear SSI Time Domain Methodology  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Development of Nonlinear SSI Time Domain Methodology Justin Coleman, P.E. Nuclear Science and Technology Idaho National Laboratory October 22, 2014

18

Atomic transport in metastable compounds: Case study of self-diffusion in Si-C-N films using neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The investigation of atomic mobilities in transient metastable phases is a challenging task in diffusion science. For amorphous silicon carbonitrides we identified a transient metastable bonding configuration by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy on samples annealed in a defined time-temperature domain. We demonstrate that it is possible to determine nitrogen self-diffusivities in this state using neutron reflectometry. The results revealed that the diffusion experiments on this system are feasible only if very short diffusion lengths on the order of 1 nm and very low diffusivities can be measured, as it is the case for neutron reflectometry technique applied in our studies.

E. Hüger; H. Schmidt; J. Stahn; B. Braunschweig; U. Geckle; M. Bruns; A. Markwitz

2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

19

Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Details Activities (10) Areas (10) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Detection of rock units or geological features with contrasting apparent resistivity. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural information may be inferred from TDEM data. Hydrological: Hydrological information such as depth to groundwater table may be determined. Thermal: Extent of hydrothermal alteration mineralogy may be inferred. Cost Information

20

Category:Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

category "Time-Domain Electromagnetics" This category contains only the following page. T Time-Domain Electromagnetics Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Glass Mountain Area (Cumming...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Glass Mountain Area (Cumming And Mackie, 2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain...

22

Processing electromagnetic data in the time domain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......necessary to allot storage for the full...the two impulse response functions A and...functions of frequency) that can be...components over all frequencies but a unique...in either the frequency or the time domain...and there is no energy in the direction...unknown impulse response vector A......

George A. McMechan; Ian Barrodale

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Data challenges of time domain astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Astronomy has been at the forefront of the development of the techniques and methodologies of data intensive science for over a decade with large sky surveys and distributed efforts such as the Virtual Observatory. However, it faces a new data deluge ... Keywords: Astronomy, Classification, Time domain, Virtual observatory

Matthew J. Graham; S. G. Djorgovski; Ashish Mahabal; Ciro Donalek; Andrew Drake; Giuseppe Longo

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Combined neutron reflectometry and rheology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have combined neutron reflectometry with rheology in order to investigate the solid boundary of liquids and polymers under shear deformation. Our approach allows one to apply a controlled stress to a material while resolving the structural arrangements on the sub nanometer length scale with neutron reflectivity, off-specular and small angle scattering at the same time. The specularly reflected neutron intensity of a 20 % by weight solution of the Pluronic F127 in deuterated water is evaluated. We find pronounced changes in the near interface structure under applied deformation for surfaces with different surface energies, which are correlated with changes in the storage and loss modulus.

Max Wolff; Peter Kuhns; Georg Liesche; John F. Ankner; Jim F. Browning; Philipp Gutfreund

2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

25

Reflectometry on ITER  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reflectometry will be used on ITER to measure the density profile in the main plasma and divertor regions and to measure the plasma position and shape in order to provide a standby reference for the magnetic diagnostics in long pulse discharges. The high temperatures of the ITER core and the resultant significant relativistic downshift of the second-harmonic electron cyclotron absorption imply that both low-field side O-mode and high-field side lower cut-off (X?l mode) systems are required to access the full plasma profile. A low-field side upper cut-off (X?u mode) system will also be required for measurements of the scrape-off layer. For measurements of the plasma position and shape an O-mode system is optimum due to the large range of magnetic field along the plasma periphery and the wide range of possible plasma configurations achievable on ITER. A robust real-time calibration technique of the whole transmission line is required. It is likely that an accurate estimate of the position of the plasma will require the simultaneous use of signals from the profile reflectometer. For the divertor profiles with peak densities in the range 1019–1022/m3 are to be measured with a target resolution of 3 mm. The large density range will necessitate the use of more than one system. Installing these reflectometers on ITER incurs additional difficulties such as the routing of the millimetre wave radiation around the complicated first wall and divertor structures and design of antennas able to operate through the first wall and blanket.

N. Bretz; E. Doyle; V. A. Vershkov; A. J. H. Donné; J. Irby; M. E. Manso; A. Mase; J. Sanchez; V. F. Shevchenko; C. I. Walker; ITER Joint Central Team and Home Teams

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Combined neutron reflectometry and rheology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry is combined with rheology in order to reveal the near surface structure of liquids and polymers under well defined deformation.

Wolff, M.

2013-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

27

Definition: Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) surveys are active-source soundings which provide information about the electrical structure of the shallow subsurface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Transient electromagnetics, (also time-domain electromagnetics / TDEM), is a geophysical exploration technique in which electric and magnetic fields are induced by transient pulses of electric current and the subsequent decay response measured. TEM / TDEM methods are generally able to determine subsurface electrical properties, but are also sensitive to subsurface magnetic properties in applications like UXO detection and

28

Polarized neutron reflectometry - a historical perspective.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Born in the early 1980s to study magnetic films, polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) has enjoyed growing popularity as witnessed by the number of instruments assembled at neutron research centers. PNR has proved its usefulness by providing information as diverse as the penetration depth of the magnetic field in superconductors and the absolute value of the magnetic moments in ultrathin ferromagnetic layers; yet its widest application has become the study of the magnetic configurations in multilayers. Two types of reflectometers have been constructed: time of flight and crystal analyzer. The relative merits of the two types are discussed in the light of present and future applications.

Felcher, G. P.; Materials Science Division

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Area (Thomas, 1986) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Haleakala Volcano Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Controlled-source electromagnetic soundings were found to be substantially more successful in the southwest rift than either the Schlumberger or the self-potential studies. This was largely due to the ability of time-domain methods to penetrate high-resistivity surface layers and thus to define lower-resistivity sections at depth. The results of this sounding study, which was conducted at elevations ranging from 75 to 497 m a.s.l., generally indicated moderate- to lowresistivity (6 - 7 ohm.m) sections to depths of 1 km on the lower rift zone and higher resistivities (12-16

30

Neutron Reflectometry Studies of the Adsorbed Structure of the...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reflectometry Studies of the Adsorbed Structure of the Amelogenin, LRAP. Neutron Reflectometry Studies of the Adsorbed Structure of the Amelogenin, LRAP. Abstract: Amelogenins make...

31

Polarized neutron reflectometry at the IBR-2 pulsed reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry as a method for investigating layered nanostructures ... and the development of the method of polarized neutron reflectometry on the polarized neutron spectrometer are presented. T...

V. L. Aksenov; Yu. V. Nikitenko

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Pinpointing Chiral Structures with Front-Back Polarized Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new development in spin-polarized neutron reflectometry enables us to more fully characterize the nucleation and growth of buried domain walls in layered magnetic materials. We applied this technique to a thin-film exchange-spring magnet. After first measuring the reflectivity with the neutrons striking the front, we measure with the neutrons striking the back. Simultaneous fits are sensitive to the presence of spiral spin structures. The technique reveals previously unresolved features of field-dependent domain walls in exchange-spring systems and has sufficient generality to apply to a variety of magnetic systems.

K. V. O'Donovan; J. A. Borchers; C. F. Majkrzak; O. Hellwig; E. E. Fullerton

2002-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

33

Workshop on Time Domain Science Using X-ray Techniques  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Beamlines Time-Resolved Beamlines Advisory Committee Workshop Home Workshop Chairs: Lin Chen (Argonne National Laboratory) Steve Milton (Advanced Photon Source) David Reis (University of Michigan) Linda Young (Argonne National Laboratory) Workshop on Time Domain Science Using X-ray Techniques August 29 September 1, 2004, The Abbey, Fontana, Lake Geneva Area, Wisconsin A workshop on "Time Domain Science Using X-ray Techniques" was held from August 29 September 1, 2004 , welcoming both experts and beginners in the field. This is one of the concurrently held workshops in the series on "Future Scientific Directions for the Advanced Photon Source." The goal of the workshop was to identify future directions in scientific research using time resolved x-ray techniques and to address possiblities to produce ps

34

Time-domain Dynamics and Stability Analysis of Optoelectronic Oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-domain Dynamics and Stability Analysis of Optoelectronic Oscillators based on Whispering and Yanne K. Chembo Optoelectronic oscillators (OEOs) are microwave photonics systems in- tended to generate in "" #12;1 Introduction The optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) is nowadays considered as one of the most

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

35

An Energy Efficient Asynchronous Time-Domain Comparator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/falling), asynchronous comparison and 2-bit/step comparison. With these features, power consumption of the comparator can be effectively reduced. For verification, the proposed time-domain comparator is fabricated in IBM 0.18um CMOS technology in comparison with other...

Gao, Yang

2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

36

Time Domain Partitioning of Electricity Production Cost Simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production cost models are often used for planning by simulating power system operations over long time horizons. The simulation of a day-ahead energy market can take several weeks to compute. Tractability improvements are often made through model simplifications, such as: reductions in transmission modeling detail, relaxation of commitment variable integrality, reductions in cost modeling detail, etc. One common simplification is to partition the simulation horizon so that weekly or monthly horizons can be simulated in parallel. However, horizon partitions are often executed with overlap periods of arbitrary and sometimes zero length. We calculate the time domain persistence of historical unit commitment decisions to inform time domain partitioning of production cost models. The results are implemented using PLEXOS production cost modeling software in an HPC environment to improve the computation time of simulations while maintaining solution integrity.

Barrows, C.; Hummon, M.; Jones, W.; Hale, E.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Time Domain Continuous Imaging TIME DOMAIN CONTINUOUS IMAGING doesn't sound like  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the scene with skewed timing and exposure settings. Our 3D-printed array camera at SC14 coordinates four

Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

38

Comprehensive Joint Time-Frequency Analysis toward Condition Based Maintenance Regimes for Electrical and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measure is proposed for comparing vibration data from multiple sensors toward the creation of new and classification technique is proposed using mutual information measures in the time-frequency domain. The time bounding regions. Electrical, reflectometry-based methods of health evaluation are proposed

Almor, Amit

39

Extracting buried twists with polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry can extract the depth-dependent magnetization of ... the surface. Measuring the reflectivity first with neutrons glancing off the front surface and again with neutrons glancing off...

K.V. O’Donovan; J.A. Borchers; C.F. Majkrzak; O. Hellwig…

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Polarized neutron reflectometry at Dhruva reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) is an ideal non-destructive ... have installed a position sensitive detector-based polarized neutron reflectometer at Dhruva reactor, Trombay. In ... the chemical structure o...

Surendra Singh; Saibal Basu

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Some capabilities of polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The specific features of the magnetic textures of the multilayer thin film systems [CoFe/TiZr]68 and [CoFe/TiZr]195 have been studied using polarized neutron reflectometry with an external magnetic field applied ...

A. V. Kovalev

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fundamentals of specular neutron reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An introduction to the methodology of neutron reflectometry is given in which the fundamental aspects regarding the actual performance of specular reflection measurements and subsequent analysis of the data are described. The application of this technique to the determination of interfacial structure or composition in thin film and multilayer materials of interest in the fields of magnetism, superconductivity, polymer science, electrochemistry, and biology is illustrated by specific examples. The microscopic information provided by neutron reflectivity which complements that obtained by other probes is emphasized, in particular information which is obtainable because of the inherent isotopic (most notably in the case of hydrogenous materials) or magnetic moment (both magnitude and orientation) sensitivity of the neutron.

Majkrzak, C.F. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Materials Science and Engineering Lab.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Theoretical aspects of the use of pulsed reflectometry in a spheromak plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pulsed reflectometry using both ordinary (O) and extraordinary (X) modes has the potential of providing time- and space-resolved measurements of the electron density the magnitude of the magnetic field and the magnetic shear as a function of radius. Such a diagnostic also yields the current profile from the curl of the magnetic field. This research addresses theoretical issues associated with the use of reflectometry in the Sustained Spheromak Physics Experimentspheromakexperiment at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. We have extended a reflectometry simulation model to accommodate O- and X-mode mixed polarization and linear mode conversion between the two polarizations. A Wentzel–Kramers–Brillouin–Jeffreys (WKBJ) formula for linear mode conversion agrees reasonably well with direct numerical solutions of the wave equation and we have reconstructed the magnetic pitch–angle profile by matching the results of the WKBJ formula with the mode conversion data observed in simulations using a least-squares determination of coefficients in trial functions for the profile. The reflectometry data also yield information on fluctuations. Instrumental issues e.g. the effects of microwave mixers and filters on model reflectometry pulses have been examined to optimize the performance of the reflectometrydiagnostics.

Bruce I. Cohen; E. Bickford Hooper; M. C. Spang; C. W. Domier

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Polarized neutron reflectometry at the IBR-2 pulsed reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry as a method for investigating layered nanostructures and its implementation at the IBR-2 pulsed reactor (Dubna, Russia) are described. The experimental data illustrating the studies of magnetic layered nanostructures and the development of the method of polarized neutron reflectometry on the polarized neutron spectrometer are presented. The directions of further development of the method of polarized neutron reflectometry are analyzed.

Aksenov, V. L. [Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' (Russian Federation); Nikitenko, Yu. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)], E-mail: nikiten@nf.jinr.ru

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Time-domain simulation of the full hydrodynamic model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple upwind discretization of the highly coupled non-linear differential equations which define the hydrodynamic model for semiconductors is given in full detail. The hydrodynamic model is able to describe inertia effects which play an increasing role in different fields of opto- and microelectronics. A silicon $n^+ - n - n^+$ - structure is simulated, using the energy-balance model and the full hydrodynamic model. Results for stationary cases are then compared, and it is pointed out where the energy-balance model, which is implemented in most of today's commercial semiconductor device simulators, fails to describe accurately the electron dynamics. Additionally, a GaAs $n^+ - n - n^+$-structure is simulated in time-domain in order to illustrate the importance of inertia effects at high frequencies in modern submicron devices.

Aste, A

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Three-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the Earth-ionosphere cavity resonances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

domain (FDTD) model of Schumann resonances (SR) with a set of classical eigenfrequency and quality factorThree-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the Earth-ionosphere cavity resonances-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the Earth-ionosphere cavity resonances, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32

Pasko, Victor

47

Larmor procession reflectometry for studying multilayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new experimental method (angular encoding) based on the combination of reflectometry and neutron spin-echo methods, which makes it possible to use widely collimated neutron beams and provides an angular resolution of about 0.01 Degree-Sign , has been proposed. It was used to study magnetic thin films. In particular, the effect of Larmor pseudoprecession of neutron polarization upon reflection from a {sup 57}Fe film with a thickness of about 100 nm was investigated, and it was shown that this method allows one to determine the absolute magnetization direction; this cannot be done using conventional reflectometry.

Zhernenkov, M. N., E-mail: jernenko@ill.fr [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Aksenov, V. L. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Klimko, S. [Institut Laue-Langevin (France); Lauter-Pasyuk, V. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Lauter, H. [Institut Laue-Langevin (France); Toperverg, B. P. [Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum (Germany); Milyaev, M. A.; Romashev, L. N.; Ustinov, V. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Division (Russian Federation)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Neutron reflectometry for interfacial materials characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry provides a powerful non-destructive analytic technique to measure physical properties of interfacial materials. The sample reflectivity provides information about composition, thickness, and roughness of films with 0.1 nm resolution. The use of neutrons has the additional advantage of being able to label selected atomic species by using different isotopes. Two examples are presented to demonstrate the use of neutron reflectometry in measuring the thermal expansion of a buried thin polymer film and measuring the change in polymer mobility near a solid substrate.

Lin, Eric K.; Pochan, Darrin J.; Kolb, Rainer; Wu Wenli [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Satija, Sushil K. [Polymers Division and NIST Center for Neutron Research, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

49

Larmor procession reflectometry for studying multilayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new experimental method (angular encoding) based on the combination of reflectometry and neutron spin-echo methods, which makes it possible to use widely collimated neutron beams and provides an angular resolution of about 0.01{sup o}, has been proposed. It was used to study magnetic thin films. In particular, the effect of Larmor pseudoprecession of neutron polarization upon reflection from a {sup 57}Fe film with a thickness of about 100 nm was investigated, and it was shown that this method allows one to determine the absolute magnetization direction; this cannot be done using conventional reflectometry.

Zhernenkov, M. N. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)], E-mail: jernenko@ill.fr; Aksenov, V. L. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation); Klimko, S. [Institut Laue-Langevin (France); Lauter-Pasyuk, V. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Lauter, H. [Institut Laue-Langevin (France); Toperverg, B. P. [Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum (Germany); Milyaev, M. A.; Romashev, L. N.; Ustinov, V. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Division (Russian Federation)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

50

A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library == A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, HawaiiThesis/Dissertation == Author Catherine King Skokan Organization Colorado School of Mines Published Publisher Not Provided, 1974 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Citation [[Citation::Catherine King Skokan. 1974. A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii []. [ (!) ]: Colorado School of Mines.]] Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_Time-Domain_Electromagnetic_Survey_of_the_East_Rift_Zone_Kilauea_Volcano,_Hawaii&oldid=682585"

51

An X-ray and neutron reflectometry study of ‘PEG-like’ plasma polymer films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...23 39 131 An X-ray and neutron reflectometry study of plasma polymer films...QCM-D), X-ray and neutron reflectometry (NR). The combination...material properties. The use of neutron reflectometry (NR) in combination with...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Surface physics with cold and thermal neutron reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three aspects of the research project Surface physics with cold and ultracold neutron reflectometry'' were stressed during the present first year: (1) Setup of the reflectometer facility at the research reactor of the Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center. The installation provides a narrow pencil beam'' analyzed by time of flight using a chopper system. Following beam characterization and a test measurement of the total cross section of copper single crystal first reflectivity measurements are currently performed using a supermirror. (2) Design stud for the ultracold neutron imaging system, with involvement of the relevant industry. Bids are available for several components indicating that it will be very difficult to build the entire system unless further funds become available. (3) Analysis of features of neutron reflection from surfaces with special emphasis on the effect of surface roughness both on the specular beam and the diffusely reflected and refracted intensity. Previous theoretical studies were supplemented by further numerical calculations of diffuse scattering distributions using different models. Application of ultracold and cold neutron reflectometry to the study of liquid-vapor phase transition were discussed. The theoretical work also includes the development of tentative ideas for novel fundamental physics experiments.

Steyerl, A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Calculation of HVDC-converter harmonics in frequency domain with regard to asymmetries and comparison with time domain simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to study the effects of large HVDC converters to the feeding ac networks, it is of importance to explain and to calculate harmonic phenomena which are a result of converter operation. During commissioning of real HVDC converters it could be seen, that harmonics resulting from unsymmetries in the system voltages or from unsymmetries in converter operation led to significant difficulties concerning the system design. For this reason, not only the effects of characteristic but also the effects of noncharacteristic converter harmonics must be taken into account. The aim is to describe the steady state harmonic behavior of the converter. The harmonic spectra are not determined by time domain analysis but instead the solution is found by frequency domain calculations. This can result in reduced calculation time in comparison to conventional fourier analysis of the time functions. The converter is interpreted as an amplitude modulator with voltage and current converter functions which describe the coupling of the dc circuit and the ac network through the converter. To verify the theory, comparison of frequency domain with time domain calculations were carried out.

Rittiger, J. [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany)] [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany); Kulicke, B. [Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)] [Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Self-diffusion in nanoscale structures measured by neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry (NR) is an attractive tool for...100?x Zrx/57Fe100?x Zrx]10, were performed using neutron reflectivity. On the basis of the results...

Mukul Gupta; Thomas Gutberlet; Rachana Gupta…

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

POLARIZATION DEPENDENT TERAHERTZ TIME-DOMAIN SPECTROSCOPY MEASUREMENTS ON ALIGNED CARBON NANOTUBE FILMS AND FIBERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dependent Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy Measurements On Aligned Carbon Nanotube Films And Fibers are not well defined ! Carbon nanotube (CNT) fiber properties strongly determined by overall alignment of itsPOLARIZATION DEPENDENT TERAHERTZ TIME-DOMAIN SPECTROSCOPY MEASUREMENTS ON ALIGNED CARBON NANOTUBE

Mellor-Crummey, John

56

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) Exploration Activity Details Location Soda Lake Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes "EM sounding, MT, CSAMT, dipole-dipole resistivity; reservoir model?" References Jim Combs (1 January 2006) Historical Exploration And Drilling Data From Geothermal Prospects And Power Generation Projects In The Western United States Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Time-Domain_Electromagnetics_At_Soda_Lake_Area_(Combs_2006)&oldid=388133" Category:

57

Polarized neutron reflectometry with phase analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel technique, polarized neutron reflectometry with phase analysis (PNRPA), is suggested, in which not only the moduli of reflection matrix elements but also up to three phase differences are measured. It is realized in the scheme with two flippers and an analyzer, by reflection of neutrons with the spin, in succession, parallel and antiparallel to two inclined axes fixed to the sample. More detailed information about magnetic layered structures can be thus obtained. An adequate mathematical formalism is given.

N.K. Pleshanov

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Field-scale estimation of volumetric water content using ground-penetrating radar ground wave techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sampling, time domain reflectometry (TDR), neutron probe logging, and tensiometers [Prichard, 1999 were compared to gravimetric water content, time domain reflectometry, and soil texture measurements

Hubbard, Susan

59

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Kilauea East Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A series of time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) soundings were also performed in the lower East Rift Zone as part of the HGP exploration program (Klein and Kauahikaua, 1975; Kauahikaua and Klein, 1977); this work was recently expanded to include additional TDEM and vertical electrical soundings, and the entire data set was reinterpreted (Kauahikaua, 1981b; Kauahikaua and Mattice, 1981). The resistivity model presented by Kauahikaua (1981b) suggests that moderate to high basement resistivities, corresponding to cold freshwater saturated basalts, are present north of

60

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area (Thomas, 1986)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Hualalai Northwest Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Three time-domain electromagnetic soundings were conducted on the middle northwest rift at elevations of 280-320 m (Fig. 40) (Kauahikaua and Mattice, 1981). These soundings penetrated to a greater depth than the Schlumberger soundings and two of them were able to resolve basement resistivities ranging from 9 to 12 ohm-m at depths of 1500 to 1800 m. One sounding detected a 9 ohm.m layer at 600 m depth that was underlain by a more resistive basement. These results suggest that thermal fluids may be responsible for the low-resistivity basement, whereas the high-resistivity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Using Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy to Determine the Glass Transition Temperature of Heavy Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy is used to measure the temperature-dependent refractive index of heavy oils down to 80 K. Evidence for a glass transition is observed, providing...

Ayesheshim, Ayesheshim; Titova, Lyubov; Wang, Zhenyou; Kabir, Amin; Indo, Kentaro; Abivin, Patrice; Taylor, Shawn; Cheng, Yuesheng; Hegmann, Frank

62

Time Domain Terahertz Non Destructive Evaluation of Water Intrusion in Composites and Corrosion under Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time domain terahertz (a.k.a. T-Ray or THz) imaging is used to detect water intrusion and delamination in composite structures used in radomes. Corrosion is detected on pipes beneath...

White, Jeffrey S; Zimdars, David A

63

Time domain terahertz detection of flaws within space shuttle sprayed on foam insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate the detection of voids and disbonds intentionally incorporated within the sprayed on foam insulation of a space shuttle external tank mock-up segment using time domain...

Zimdars, David A; Valdmanis, Janis A; White, Jeffrey S; Winfree, William P; Madaras, Eric I; Stuk, G

64

Parameter Estimation Versus Homogenization Techniques in Time-Domain Characterization of Composite Dielectrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameter Estimation Versus Homogenization Techniques in Time-Domain Characterization of Composite problem approach to parameter estimation with homogenization techniques for characterizing the electrical with heterogeneous micro-structures which are described by spatially periodic parameters. We also consider

65

Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and Embedded NPPS  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and Embedded NPPS Boris Jeremic with contributions from Federico Pisanň, Jose Abell, Kohei Watanabe, Chao Luo University of California, Davis Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley DOE NPH, October 2014

66

Pressure-Correction Method and Its Applications for Time-Domain Flooding Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The principle idea of using pressure-correction method for time-domain flooding simulation is presented. Special attention is paid on ... of application are also discussed. First, progressive flooding in a comple...

Pekka Ruponen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Time domain simulation of a one line failure for a DP-assisted mooring system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the research of a semi-submersible platform equipped with a DP-assisted mooring system. ... assisted mooring system and the model of the platform motion, a time domain simulation program is ...

Jianxun Zhu; Liping Sun; Shengnan Liu…

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquisition time domain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acquisition time domain Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Data Acquisition Interpretation Summary: .0 kW IP Transmitter Walcer MG-12 Motor Generator Two IRIS Instruments ELREC Pro...

69

High Capacity Lossless Semi-fragile Audio Watermarking in the Time Domain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A blind high capacity lossless semi-fragile audio watermarking algorithm based on the statistical quantity related to the correlation among the audio sample values is proposed. Time domain embedding is used to...

Sunita V. Dhavale; R. S. Deodhar…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Nonlinear time-domain performance model for a wave energy converter...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Time-Domain Performance Model for a Wave Energy Converter in Three Dimensions Ryan G. Coe and Diana L. Bull Water Power Technologies Sandia National Labs Albuquerque, NM 87185-1124...

71

Chemical Depth Profiling from Neutron Reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The material profile of a thin film can be analyzed by placing the film on a substrate and by sending a neutron beam onto it at various angles of incidence. Technically, the scattering length density of the film needs to be determined as a function of depth. A reflectometer is used to measure the amount of reflection (reflectivity) as a function of the angle of incidence. Mathematically, this is equivalent to sending the neutron beam onto the film at every energy but at a fixed angle of incidence. The film profile needs to be recovered from the measured reflectivity data. Unfortunately, the unique recovery is impossible, and many distinct unrelated profiles may correspond to the same reflectivity data. In our DOE/EPSCoR sponsored research, we have developed an analytical method to uniquely recover the profile of a thin film from the measured reflectivity data. We have shown that by taking reflectivity measurements with two different substrates, one can uniquely determine the film profile. Previously, it was known that one could uniquely recover the profile by taking reflectivity measurements with three different substrates, and our findings indicate that the same goal can be accomplished by using fewer measurements. At Mississippi State University we started an informal weekly seminar (called ''the reflectometry meeting'') at to attract various undergraduate and graduate students into the field. There were about 3 undergraduate students, 6 graduate students, and 2 faculty members attending these seminars. The PI has collaborated with Dr. Norm Berk at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) on various aspects of neutron reflectometry, from which various interesting problems of theoretical and practical importance have arisen. One of these problems is closely related to the important mathematical problem known as analytic extrapolation. Under appropriate conditions (known to hold in neutron reflectometry), the reflection data taken in a finite interval of neutron energies uniquely determines the data at all energies. Even though the uniqueness is assured mathematically, there are currently no available methods for analytic extrapolation. Currently, we are working on this problem as it arises in neutron reflectometry and looking for mathematical and numerical methods to extrapolate reflection data to higher and lower neutron energies. A solution to this problem is expected to have a big impact not only in neutron reflectometry, but in many areas of physics and engineering. The PI has collaborated with Prof. Paul Sacks of Iowa State University, Prof. Daniil Sarkissian of Mississippi State University, and Prof. Levon Babadzanjanz of St. Petersburg State University, Russia on mathematical and numerical aspects of neutron reflectometry. These researchers jointly worked with the PI towards the preparation of numerical routines to extract the film profile from the reflection data. We have prepared a Mathematica interface running Fortran 95 algorithms to produce reflection data from a given profile. These Fortran 95 algorithms have been prepared by updating and modifying Prof. Sacks' Fortran 77 routine and by updating Dr. Gian Felcher's (of Argonne National Laboratory) Fortran 77 routine. We are also preparing similar algorithms written in Mathematica so that they can be used without needing Fortran. We are also working towards preparing algorithms in Fortran 95 and in Mathematica to produce the film profile from the given sets of reflectivity data.

Tuncay Aktosun

2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

72

Neutron reflectometry by refractive encoding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a great deal of interest in expanding the technique of neutron reflectivity beyond static structural measurements of layered structures to kinetic studies. The time resolution for kinetic studies is l...

R. Cubitt; J. Stahn

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Long Valley Caldera Area (Sorey, Et Al.,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1991) 1991) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Long Valley Caldera Area (Sorey, Et Al., 1991) Exploration Activity Details Location Long Valley Caldera Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes In 1986, Unocal Geothermal Division released results from 158 time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) soundings and, with Chevron Resources, a total of 77 magnetotelluric (MT) stations. Reinterpretations of the Unocal and Chevron data (Park and Torres-Verdin, 1988 ) and the recent public-domain MT studies (e.g. Hermance et al., 1988) outline similar shallow low-resistivity regions. At shallow depths in the caldera References Michael L. Sorey, Gene A. Suemnicht, Neil C. Sturchio, Gregg A.

74

Ferromagnetism of GaMnAs studied by polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry has been used to investigate details of spin ordering in ferromagnetic (FM) GaMnAs/GaAs superlattices. The reflectivity spectra measured below the Curie temperature reveal additional magnetic contributions to the structural superlattice Bragg peaks, clearly indicating the existence of FM interlayer correlations. Closer investigation of the magnetic reflectivity maxima using a full polarization analysis provides direct evidence that the FM order in the GaMnAs layers is truly long range. Moreover, as shown by the data, the system exhibits a strong tendency of forming a single-domain FM arrangement, even when cooled through TC in zero external field.

H. K?pa; J. Kutner-Pielaszek; A. Twardowski; C. F. Majkrzak; J. Sadowski; T. Story; T. M. Giebultowicz

2001-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

75

REALTIME AUDIO SOURCE SEPARATION BY DELAY AND ATTENUATION COMPENSATION IN THE TIME DOMAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REAL­TIME AUDIO SOURCE SEPARATION BY DELAY AND ATTENUATION COMPENSATION IN THE TIME DOMAIN.rosca,ningping.fan,radu.balang@scr.siemens.com ABSTRACT There is increased interest in using microphone arrays in a variety of audio source separation to a strongly echoic office with reverber­ ation time of 500 msec. 1. INTRODUCTION Speech enhancement and audio

Balan, Radu V.

76

Polarized neutron reflectometry in high magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple method is described to maintain the polarization of a neutron beam on its way through the large magnetic stray fields produced by a vertical field of a cryomagnet with a split-coil geometry. The two key issues are the proper shielding of the neutron spin flippers and an additional radial field component in order to guide the neutron spin through the region of the null point (i.e., point of reversal for the vertical field component). Calculations of the neutron's spin rotation as well as polarized neutron reflectometry experiments on an ErFe{sub 2}/DyFe{sub 2} multilayer show the perfect performance of the used setup. The recently commissioned cryomagnet M5 with a maximum vertical field of up to 7.2 T in asymmetric mode for polarized neutrons and 9 T in symmetric mode for unpolarized neutrons was used on the C5 spectrometer in reflectometry mode, at the NRU reactor in Chalk River, Canada.

Fritzsche, H. [National Research Council Canada, Canadian Neutron Beam Centre, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario K0J 1J0 (Canada)

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Polarized neutron reflectometry of Fe/Cr/Gd superlattices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic structure of Fe/Cr/Gd superlattices is investigated using complementary methods of SQUID magnetometry and polarized neutron reflectometry. The complex magnetic behavior of the given...d (Fe) and 4f (...

M. V. Ryabukhina; E. A. Kravtsov…

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Neutron reflectometry with vector polarization analysis: First steps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The most detailed and reliable information about the magnetic state (magnetization depth profiles) of layers can be obtained by neutron reflectometry with vector polarization analysis. Two schemes of ... I. This ...

N. K. Pleshanov; L. A. Axel’rod…

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

And South Flank Area And South Flank Area (Thomas, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The assessment effort consisted of a reexamination of existing Schlumberger sounding (Hussong and Cox, 1967; Adams et al., 1970) and time-domain electromagnetic (Klein and Kauahikaua, 1975) data for the rift area (Kauahikaua and Mattice, 1981) The electrical resistivity data acquired on the southwest rift delineated two distinct basement resistivity structures northwest of the rift zone: a high-resistivity basement at approximately 60

80

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Truckhaven Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Truckhaven Area Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Truckhaven Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Truckhaven Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The Truckhaven project, which is located on the west flank of the Salton Trough in southern California, is north and west of several existing geothermal power generation facilities in the trough. An extensive shallow geothermal anomaly is known to exist in this area and this region corresponds to a gravity high, which has been further delineated by the drilling of numerous shallow temperature gradient wells and one deep, abandoned, test well. Layman Energy Associates has performed Phase I exploration tasks to further constrain the anomaly, including a detailed

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Dixie Hot Springs Area (Combs 2006) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hot Springs Area (Combs 2006) Hot Springs Area (Combs 2006) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Dixie Hot Springs Area (Combs 2006) Exploration Activity Details Location Dixie Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes "MT, EM sounding, SP?; SP data and reservoir model may be proprietary" References Jim Combs (1 January 2006) Historical Exploration And Drilling Data From Geothermal Prospects And Power Generation Projects In The Western United States Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Time-Domain_Electromagnetics_At_Dixie_Hot_Springs_Area_(Combs_2006)&oldid=388997" Category: Exploration

82

Retrieval of phase information in neutron reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry can determine unambiguously the chemical depth profile of a thin film if both phase and amplitude of the reflectance are known. The recovery of the phase information is achieved by adding to the unknown layered structure a known ferromagnetic layer. The ferromagnetic layer is magnetized by an external magnetic field in a direction lying in the plane of the layer and subsequently perpendicular to it. The neutrons are polarized either parallel or opposite to the magnetic field. In this way three measurements can be made, with different (and known) scattering-length densities of the ferromagnetic layer. The reflectivity obtained from each measurement can be represented by a circle in the (complex) reflectance plane. The intersections of these circles provide the reflectance.

de Haan, V.; van Well, A.A. [Interfacultair Reactor Instituut, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands)] [Interfacultair Reactor Instituut, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands); Adenwalla, S.; Felcher, G.P. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1995-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

GEOL 474/674 Instructors Notes Fall 2006 11/14/06 1/10  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resistance block 3. calibrated tensiometers 4. time domain reflectometry 5. neutron probe II. wettability A

Ahmad, Sajjad

84

CROSS SHORE SANDBAR MIGRATION PREDICTED BY A TIME DOMAIN BOUSSINESQ MODEL INCORPORATING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CROSS SHORE SANDBAR MIGRATION PREDICTED BY A TIME DOMAIN BOUSSINESQ MODEL INCORPORATING UNDERTOW Wen Long1 , James T. Kirby2 and T.-J. Hsu3 An existing Boussinesq wave model is modified and erosional cross-shore sediment transport processes. INTRODUCTION Long and Kirby (2003) have used Boussinesq

Kirby, James T.

85

Three-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the Schumann resonance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the Schumann resonance parameters to as Schumann resonances and are excited by lightning discharges. The detection of such resonances on other frequency propagation is employed to study the Schumann resonance problems on Titan, Venus, and Mars

Pasko, Victor

86

Time-domain Fatigue Response and Reliability Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-domain Fatigue Response and Reliability Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines with Emphasis of offshore wind turbines Defense: 09.12.2012 2012 - : Structural Engineer in Det Norske Veritas (DNV) 2007 of the drive train of an on-land wind turbine under dynamic wind loads. The main tasks of this study are to

Nørvåg, Kjetil

87

Time-domain model of the ultrasonic wave propagation in an inhomogeneous anisotropic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation Multi-Echelle, MSME FRE3160 CNRS, 77454 Marne la Vallée, France guillaume, which allow the measurement of quantitative ultrasonic parameters such as the first arriving signal (FAS structure. A two-dimensional finite element time-domain method is derived to model transient wave

Boyer, Edmond

88

Far-infrared signature of animal tissues characterized by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, is observed to show very similar water absorption. Ă? 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. PACS: 42.65.Re; 87.80.Ă?y Keywords: Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy; Animal tissue; Water content; Absorption. As the sen- sitivity of terahertz radiation to polar molecules of water is very high, biological tissues

89

-transform MATLAB Laboratory Experiment Purpose: This experiment presents the frequency domain analysis of discrete-time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5.6 -transform MATLAB Laboratory Experiment Purpose: This experiment presents the frequency domain analysis of discrete-time systems using MATLAB. The impulse, step, sinusoidal, and exponential on the ¡ -transform. In addition, MATLAB will be used to perform the partial fraction expansion and to find

Gajic, Zoran

90

Terahertz Time Domain Spectroscopy of Phonon-Depopulation Based Quantum Cascade Lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 3.1 THz phonon depopulation-based quantum-cascade-laser is investigated using terahertz time domain spectroscopy. A gain of 25 cm{sup -1} and absorption features due to the lower laser level being populated from a parasitic electronic channel are highlighted.

Rungsawang, R.; Dhillon, S. S.; Jukam, N.; Oustinov, D.; Madeo, J.; Tignon, J. [Laboratoire Pierre Aigrain, Ecole Normale Superieure, UMR8551 CNRS, UPMC Univ. Paris 6, F-75005 Paris (France); Colombelli, R. [Institut d'Electronique Fondamentale, Universite Paris Sud, UMR8622 CNRS, 91405 Orsay (France); Dean, P.; Salih, M.; Khanna, S. P.; Linfield, E.; Davies, A. G. [School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

91

Finite-difference time domain method for light scattering by small ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be employed to produce the scattering and ab- sorption characteristics of hexagonal ice particlesFinite-difference time domain method for light scattering by small ice crystals in three for the solution of light scattering by nonspherical particles has been developed for small ice crystals

Liou, K. N.

92

Time domain analysis of a gyrotron traveling wave amplifier with misaligned electron beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article develops a time-domain theory to study the beam-wave interaction in gyrotron traveling wave amplifier (gyro-TWA) with a misaligned electron beam. The effects of beam misalignment on the TE{sub 01} mode gyro-TWA operating at the fundamental are discussed. Numerical results show that the effect of misalignment is less obvious when the input power is larger, and the influences of misalignment on the stable gain and the stable time are basically opposite.

Wang, Qiushi, E-mail: qiushiwork@gmail.com; Peng, Shuyuan [Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2652, Beijing 100080 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Luo, Jirun [Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2652, Beijing 100080 (China)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

93

A Real-time Visual Tracking System in the Robot Soccer Domain Bo Li, Edward Smith, Huosheng Hu, Libor Spacek  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Real-time Visual Tracking System in the Robot Soccer Domain Bo Li, Edward Smith, Huosheng Hu Abstract This paper presents a real-time visual tracking system in the robot soccer domain. The details of the Essex Wizards robot football team and its control system are described. A real-time visual tracking

Hu, Huosheng

94

Simulation of planar integrated photonics devices with the LLNL time- domain finite-difference code suite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest has recently grown in applying microwave modeling techniques to optical circuit modeling. One of the simplest, yet most powerful, microwave simulation techniques is the finite-difference time-domain algorithm (FDTD). In this technique, the differential form of the time-domain Maxwell's equations are discretized and all derivatives are approximated as differences. Minor algebraic manipulations on the resulting equations produces a set of update equations that produce fields at a given time step from fields at the previous time step. The FDTD algorithm, then, is quite simple. Source fields are launched into the discrete grid by some means. The FDTD equations advance these fields in time. At the boundaries of the grid, special update equations called radiation conditions are applied that approximate a continuing, infinite space. Because virtually no assumptions are made in the development of the FDTD method, the algorithm is able to represent a wide-range of physical effects. Waves can propagate in any direction, multiple reflections within structures can cause resonances, multiple modes of various polarizations can be launched, each of which may generate within the device an infinite spectrum of bound and radiation modes. The ability to model these types of general physical effects is what makes the FDTD method interesting to the field of optics. In this paper, we discuss the application of the finite-difference time-domain technique to integrated optics. Animations will be shown of the simulations of a TE coupler, TM grating, and a TE integrated detector. 3 refs., 1 fig.

McLeod, R.; Hawkins, R.J.; Kallman, J.S.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Ion distribution in multilayers of weak polyelectrolytes: A neutron reflectometry study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ion distribution in multilayers of weak polyelectrolytes: A neutron reflectometry study Oleh M 2008; published online 22 August 2008 Neutron reflectometry was used to determine the distribution in the formation of these PEMs.10 Recently neutron reflectometry studies on poly 5- 2- trifluoromethyl-1

Barrett, Christopher

96

Temperature-controlled neutron reflectometry sample cell suitable for study of photoactive thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature-controlled neutron reflectometry sample cell suitable for study of photoactive thin design intended for the study of photoactive materials using neutron reflectometry. The cell can maintain of that atom. More details on the technique of neutron reflectometry can be found elsewhere.2 Neutron

Barrett, Christopher

97

A survey of reflectometry techniques with applications to TFTR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a review of reflectometry with particular attention to eXtraordinary mode (X-mode) reflectometry using the novel technique of dual frequency differential phase. The advantage of using an X-mode wave is that it can probe the edge of the plasma with much higher resolution and using a much smaller frequency range than with the Ordinary mode (O-Mode). The general problem with previous full phase reflectometry techniques is that of keeping track of the phase (on the order of 1000 fringes) as the frequency is swept over the band. The dual frequency phase difference technique has the advantage that since it is keeping track of the phase difference of two frequencies with a constant frequency separation, the fringe counting is on the order of only 3 to 5 fringes. This fringe count, combined with the high resolution of the X-mode wave and the small plasma access requirements of reflectometry, make X-mode reflectometry a very attractive diagnostic for today`s experiments and future fusion devices.

Collazo, I.; Stacey, W.M. [Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States); Wilgen, J.; Hanson, G.; Bigelow, T.; Thomas, C.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bretz, N. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

High intensity specular reflectometry - first experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selene is the attempt to implement a new scheme for high-intensity specular reflectometry. Instead of a highly collimated beam one uses a convergent beam covering a large angular range. The angular resolution is then performed by a position-sensitive detector. Off-specular scattering in this set-up leads to some background, but for screening of wide parameter ranges (e.g. temperature, electric and magnetic fields) the intensity gain of at least one order of magnitude is essential. If necessary, the high precession measurements (even with off-specular components) then are performed with the conventional set-up. The heart of this new set-up is an elliptically focusing guide element of 2\\,m length. Though this guide is optimised for the use on the TOF reflectometer Amor at SINQ, it can be used as stand-alone device to check the possible application also for other neutron scattering techniques. The first measurements on AMOR confirmed the general concept and the various operation modes. A draw-back occurred due t...

Stahn, J; Panzner, T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Time-Domain Absorbing Boundary Terminations for Waveguide Ports Based on State-Space Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absorbing boundary conditions for waveguide ports in time domain are important elements of transient approaches to treat RF structures. A successful way to implement these termination conditions is the decomposition of the transient fields in the absorbing plane in terms of modal field patterns. The absorbing condition is then accomplished by transferring the wave impedances (or admittances) of the modes to time domain, which leads to convolution operations involving Bessel functions and integrals of Bessel functions. This paper presents a new alternative approach: the convolution operations are approximated by appropriate state-space models whose system responses can be conveniently computed by standard integration schemes. These schemes are indispensable for transient simulations anyhow. Sufficiently far away from the cutoff frequency, a wideband match is achieved.

Flisgen, T; van Rienen, U

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Calculation of HVDC converter noncharacteristic harmonics using digital time-domain simulation method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, noncharacteristic harmonics of an HVdc converter station are calculated based on the use of digital time-domain simulation methods. An enhanced version of the Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) is used for the studies. The noncharacteristic harmonics of interest are (1) the dc side triplen harmonics, and (2) the ac side second harmonic. Impacts of loading conditions, neutral filter, and converter firing angle on the dc side triplen harmonics are discussed. Effects of ac side network parameters, static VAR compensator (SVC), transformer half-cycle saturation, and Geomagnetically Induced Current (GIC) on the ac side second harmonic instability are also presented. This paper concludes that the digital time-domain simulation method provides significant flexibility for accurate prediction of (1) generation mechanism, and (2) adverse impacts of HVdc noncharacteristic harmonics.

Sarshar, A. [Trench Electric, Scarborough, Ontario (Canada)] [Trench Electric, Scarborough, Ontario (Canada); Iravani, M.R.; Li, J. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

High-Frequency (140-GHz) Time Domain EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy: The Tyrosyl Radical-Diiron Cofactor in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-Frequency (140-GHz) Time Domain EPR and ENDOR Spectroscopy: The Tyrosyl Radical EPR and ENDOR have been employed to characterize the tyrosyl radical (Y·)-diiron cofactor in the Y2 of 140-GHz time domain EPR and ENDOR to examine this system and demonstrates the capabilities

Griffin, Robert G.

102

Time-domain Simulation of Multibody Floating Systems based on State-space Modeling Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Yusong Cao and Dr. Xiaobo Chen for their kind help and valuable comments on my dissertation topic. I deeply appreciate the help from my classmates and other group members, including Liqing Huang, Maopeng Fang, John Bandas, Zhiyong Su and Amitava Guha...-craft .......................................... 89 5.2 RAOs of the T-craft........................................................................ 90 5.3 Time-domain Responses of the Three-body Floating System ....... 95 VI CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK...

Yu, Xiaochuan

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

103

Terahertz time-domain imaging of hidden defects in wooden artworks: application to a Russian icon painting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use terahertz time-domain imaging and time-of-flight tomography to examine subsurface defects in an early-19th-century Russian icon painting. In the transmission geometry, we...

Skryl, Anton S; Jackson, J Bianca; Bakunov, Michael I; Menu, Michel; Mourou, Gerard A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Off-specular scattering in neutron reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When neutrons are scattered at small angles from planar, laterally homogeneous, stratified media, only specular (mirror like) reflection is observed. Sample inhomogeneities, such as interfacial roughness or voids, give rise to off-specular scattering which has been observed in many experiments with neutrons and x-rays. The easiest way to describe this scattering theoretically is based on the distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA), which uses the neutron wavefunctions that describe reflection from a smooth surface as the basis functions for perturbation theory. From the DWBA one may obtain a number of qualitative results which are supported by experiment. Examples include the Yoneda fringes observed in reflection experiments with microscopically rough surfaces and the constant-q{sub z} fringes observed for multilayers with correlated, rough interfaces. One must, however, use the DWBA with care. When the correlation range within the reflecting interfaces is large--for example, when a surface is composed of misoriented facets--the approximation breaks down. Some authors have also reported a lack of quantitative agreement between versions of the DWBA calculations and the scattering observed with microscopically rough surfaces. A remarkable feature of neutron (or x-ray) reflectometry is the length scales that are probed within reflecting surfaces. These range from a few hundred Angstroms up to several microns, allowing neutron scattering to probe objects of a size normally visible by optical microscopy! The intent of this paper is to provide a simple description of scattering from rough surfaces that is accessible to a wide audience. Mathematical completeness is sacrificed in favor of intuitive arguments and experimental examples.

Pynn, R.; Baker, S.M.; Smith, G.; Fitzsimmons, M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A portable time-domain LED fluorimeter for nanosecond fluorescence lifetime measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluorescence lifetime measurements are becoming increasingly important in chemical and biological research. Time-domain lifetime measurements offer fluorescence multiplexing and improved handling of interferers compared with the frequency-domain technique. In this paper, an all solid-state, filterless, and highly portable light-emitting-diode based time-domain fluorimeter (LED TDF) is reported for the measurement of nanosecond fluorescence lifetimes. LED based excitation provides more wavelengths options compared to laser diode based excitation, but the excitation is less effective due to the uncollimated beam, less optical power, and longer latency in state transition. Pulse triggering and pre-bias techniques were implemented in our LED TDF to improve the peak optical power to over 100 mW. The proposed pulsing circuit achieved an excitation light fall time of less than 2 ns. Electrical resetting technique realized a time-gated photo-detector to remove the interference of the excitation light with fluorescence. These techniques allow the LED fluorimeter to accurately measure the fluorescence lifetime of fluorescein down to concentration of 0.5 ?M. In addition, all filters required in traditional instruments are eliminated for the non-attenuated excitation/emission light power. These achievements make the reported device attractive to biochemical laboratories seeking for highly portable lifetime detection devices for developing sensors based on fluorescence lifetime changes. The device was initially validated by measuring the lifetimes of three commercial fluorophores and comparing them with reported lifetime data. It was subsequently used to characterize a ZnSe quantum dot based DNA sensor.

Wang, Hongtao; Salthouse, Christopher D., E-mail: salthouse@ecs.umass.edu [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States); Center for Personalized Health Monitoring, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States); Qi, Ying; Mountziaris, T. J. [Center for Personalized Health Monitoring, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States) [Center for Personalized Health Monitoring, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States); Chemical Engineering Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Investigations of surrogate cellular membranes using neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article, methods are presented for the creation and characterization of supported model membranes which can mimic many of the critical attributes of cell membranes. It is demonstrated that neutron reflectometry can characterize the structure, composition and organization of model membranes deposited on solid, nanoporous and polymer supports.

Dubey, M.

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

107

Photomechanical Effects in Azo-Polymers Studied by Neutron Reflectometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photomechanical Effects in Azo-Polymers Studied by Neutron Reflectometry Kevin G. Yager, Oleh MVersity, Montreal, QC, Canada, H3A 2K6, and Canadian Neutron Beam Centre, National Research Council, Chalk RiVer, ON, Canada K0J 1J0 ReceiVed July 31, 2006; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed October 5, 2006 ABSTRACT: Neutron

Barrett, Christopher

108

Self-diffusion and defect annihilation in nanocrystalline Fe films probed by neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Self-diffusion in ion-beam-sputtered nanocrystalline Fe is studied between 310 and 510?°C, using neutron reflectometry on [Fnate(7?nm)/F57e(3?nm)]15 isotope multilayers. Neutron reflectometry has the advantage over other methods of diffusivity determination, that diffusion lengths on the order of 1 nm and below can be determined. This enables diffusion experiments in a nanostructure which is not significantly modified by grain growth during annealing. The determined diffusivities are time depended and decrease by more than two orders of magnitude during isothermal annealing. In early stages, diffusion is controlled by frozen-in nonequilibrium point defects (interstitials or vacancies) present after deposition. The decrease in the diffusivities can be attributed to the annihilation of these point defects. For very long annealing times the diffusivities above 400?°C are in good agreement with volume diffusivities measured in single crystals given in literature. However, at a temperature of 400?°C and below the diffusivities are still higher than extrapolated literature data also after more than 8 days of annealing, indicating that defect annihilation is still going on.

Sujoy Chakravarty; Harald Schmidt; Ursula Tietze; Dieter Lott; N. P. Lalla; Ajay Gupta

2009-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

109

Numerical study on global motion of Truss Spar in frequency and time domains for the Liwan 3-1 area  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using frequency and time domain analysis, the authors analyzed the hydrodynamics and motion behavior of a Truss Spar platform at a water depth of 1500 m ... the hull’s hydrodynamics and comparing with a semi-submersible

Lu Li; Binbin Li; Jinping Ou

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Transient analysis of printed lines using finite-difference time-domain method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Comprehensive studies of ultra-wideband pulses and electromagnetic coupling on printed coupled lines have been performed using full-wave 3D finite-difference time-domain analysis. Effects of unequal phase velocities of coupled modes, coupling between line traces, and the frequency dispersion on the waveform fidelity and crosstalk have been investigated in detail. To discriminate the contributions of different mechanisms into pulse evolution, single and coupled microstrip lines without (?r?=?1) and with (?r?>?1) dielectric substrates have been examined. To consistently compare the performance of the coupled lines with substrates of different permittivities and transients of different characteristic times, a generic metric similar to the electrical wavelength has been introduced. The features of pulse propagation on coupled lines with layered and pedestal substrates and on the irregular traces have been explored. Physical interpretations of the simulation results are discussed in the paper.

Ahmed, Shahid [JLAB

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Surface physics with cold and thermal neutron reflectometry. Progress report, April 1, 1991--March 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three aspects of the research project ``Surface physics with cold and ultracold neutron reflectometry`` were stressed during the present first year: (1) Setup of the reflectometer facility at the research reactor of the Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center. The installation provides a narrow ``pencil beam`` analyzed by time of flight using a chopper system. Following beam characterization and a test measurement of the total cross section of copper single crystal first reflectivity measurements are currently performed using a supermirror. (2) Design stud for the ultracold neutron imaging system, with involvement of the relevant industry. Bids are available for several components indicating that it will be very difficult to build the entire system unless further funds become available. (3) Analysis of features of neutron reflection from surfaces with special emphasis on the effect of surface roughness both on the specular beam and the diffusely reflected and refracted intensity. Previous theoretical studies were supplemented by further numerical calculations of diffuse scattering distributions using different models. Application of ultracold and cold neutron reflectometry to the study of liquid-vapor phase transition were discussed. The theoretical work also includes the development of tentative ideas for novel fundamental physics experiments.

Steyerl, A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Radio-frequency reflectometry on an undoped AlGaAs/GaAs single electron transistor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radio frequency reflectometry is demonstrated in a sub-micron undoped AlGaAs/GaAs device. Undoped single electron transistors (SETs) are attractive candidates to study single electron phenomena, due to their charge stability and robust electronic properties after thermal cycling. However, these devices require a large top-gate, which is unsuitable for the fast and sensitive radio frequency reflectometry technique. Here, we demonstrate that rf reflectometry is possible in an undoped SET.

MacLeod, S. J.; See, A. M.; Keane, Z. K.; Scriven, P.; Micolich, A. P.; Hamilton, A. R., E-mail: Alex.Hamilton@unsw.edu.au [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia); Aagesen, M.; Lindelof, P. E. [Nanoscience Center, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)] [Nanoscience Center, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

113

Assessment of microwave power flow for reflectometry measurements in tokamak plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements in tokamak plasmas P. -A. Gourdain a , W. A.are widely employed in tokamak fusion plasmas, and are alsoresearch devices, such as tokamaks, microwave reflectometry

Gourdain, P-A; Peebles, W. A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Magnetic depth profiling of Fe/Au multilayer using neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present unpolarized and polarized neutron reflectometry data on Fe/Au multilayer sample for ... substrate by RF magnetron sputtering technique. Unpolarized neutron reflectivity measurement yields nuclear scatt...

Surendra Singh; Saibal Basu; M. Gupta

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Spin-echo small-angle neutron scattering in neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new method to perform neutron reflectometry measurements is discussed, based on Larmor precession of polarized neutrons in the spin-echo mode.

Rekveldt, M.T.

2003-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Polarized-neutron reflectometry : recent developments and perspectives.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) has an important role in solving non-collinear magnetic structures in thin films. In principle PNR provides the unambiguous determination of multi-axial magnetic depth profiles in systems of scientific and technological importance. However, only a limited number of problems have been solved unimpeachably, because the magnetic depth profiles were obtained by fitting procedures yielding solutions whose main features were not evident in the raw data. A recent formulation of reflectometry, and the concurrent development of 'total polarimetry; are now stimulating the design of neutron polarization and polarization analysis geometries capable of determining directly if and how a magnetic system contains a non-collinear structure in the film (x-y) plane. In the simplest of these geometries the neutrons are polarized and analyzed along the z-axis perpendicular to the film plane.

Felcher, G. P.; te Velthuis, S. G. E.; Ruhm, A.; Donner, W.; Materials Science Division; PNS

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

PRODUCTION PROCESS MONITORING OF MULTILAYERED MATERIALS USING TIME-DOMAIN TERAHERTZ GAUGES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of both a laboratory and factory trial of a time-domain terahertz (TD-THz) multi-layer gauge for on-line process monitoring are presented. The TD-THz gauge is demonstrated on a two layer laminated plastic insulation material. The TD-THz gauge simultaneously measured the total and the individual layer thicknesses. Measurements were made while transversely scanning across a 12 foot wide sheet extruded at high speed in a factory environment. The results were analyzed for precision, accuracy, and repeatability; and demonstrated that the TD-THz gauge performed in an equivalent or superior manner to existing ionizing radiation gauges (which measure only one layer). Many dielectric materials (e.g., plastic, rubber, paper, paint) are transparent to THz pulses, and the measurement of a wide range of samples is possible.

Zimdars, David; Duling, Irl; Fichter, Greg; White, Jeffrey [Picometrix LLC, 2925 Boardwalk Dr., Ann Arbor, MI 48104 (United States)

2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

118

Time-domain squeezing and quantum distributions in the pulsed regime  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate time-dependent properties of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) light beams generated in a nondegenerate optical parametric oscillator (NOPO) driven by a sequence of laser pulses with Gaussian time-dependent envelopes. This investigation continues our previous analysis [H. H. Adamyan and G. Yu. Kryuchkyan, Phys. Rev. A 74, 023810 (2006)] and involves problems of two-mode quadrature squeezing as well as intensity-difference squeezing in the time domain. The peculiarities of EPR beams are also discussed in the framework of phase-space quantum distributions. Two kinds of non-Gaussian Wigner functions, for the reduced one-mode state of periodically pulsed NOPO and for EPR beams which are combined on a one-half beam splitter are calculated numerically. We also investigate the Wigner functions of intensity-correlated twin beams following the conditional photon state-preparation scheme. It is demonstrated that the Wigner functions involve negative values in parts of the phase space for the schemes with one, two, and three photons.

Adamyan, N. H. [Yerevan State University, 1 A Manoogian, 375049 Yerevan (Armenia); Adamyan, H. H. [Institute for Physical Research, National Academy of Sciences, Ashtarak-2, 378410 (Armenia); Kryuchkyan, G. Yu. [Yerevan State University, 1 A Manoogian, 375049 Yerevan (Armenia); Institute for Physical Research, National Academy of Sciences, Ashtarak-2, 378410 (Armenia)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

Nitrogen Diffusion in Amorphous Silicon Nitride Isotope Multilayers Probed by Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Amorphous silicon nitride is a model system for a covalently bound amorphous solid with a low atomic mobility where reasonable values of self-diffusivities are still lacking. We used neutron reflectometry on isotope enriched Si3?N414/Si3?N415 multilayers to determine nitrogen self-diffusivities ranging from 10-24 to 10-21??m2/s between 950 and 1250?°C. Time dependent diffusivities observed at 1150?°C indicate the presence of structural relaxation. For long annealing times (relaxed state) the diffusivities follow an Arrhenius law with an activation enthalpy of (3.6±0.4)??eV. The results are indicative of a direct diffusion mechanism without the involvement of thermal point defects.

H. Schmidt; M. Gupta; M. Bruns

2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

120

Nitrogen Diffusion in Amorphous Silicon Nitride Isotope Multilayers Probed by Neutron Reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Amorphous silicon nitride is a model system for a covalently bound amorphous solid with a low atomic mobility where reasonable values of self-diffusivities are still lacking. We used neutron reflectometry on isotope enriched Si{sub 3} {sup 14}N{sub 4}/Si{sub 3} {sup 15}N{sub 4} multilayers to determine nitrogen self-diffusivities ranging from 10{sup -24} to 10{sup -21} m{sup 2}/s between 950 and 1250 deg. C. Time dependent diffusivities observed at 1150 deg. C indicate the presence of structural relaxation. For long annealing times (relaxed state) the diffusivities follow an Arrhenius law with an activation enthalpy of (3.6{+-}0.4) eV. The results are indicative of a direct diffusion mechanism without the involvement of thermal point defects.

Schmidt, H.; Gupta, M.; Bruns, M. [AG Thermochemie und Mikrokinetik, Fakultaet fuer Natur-und Materialwissenschaften, TU Clausthal, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany); Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, ETH Zuerich and PSI, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, CH-5232 (Switzerland); Institut fuer Instrumentelle Analytik, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2006-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Variable temperature, relative humidity ,,0%100%..., and liquid neutron reflectometry sample cell suitable for polymeric and biomimetic materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variable temperature, relative humidity ,,0%­100%..., and liquid neutron reflectometry sample cell , and bulk liquid neutron reflectometry sample cell suitable for the study of polymeric and biomimetic. This permits the study, by neutron reflectometry, of samples that are intrinsically unstable in bulk water

Barrett, Christopher

122

A time-domain estimation of wall conduction transfer function coefficients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The wall and roof transfer function coefficients, b{sub n} and d{sub n}, listed in the 1993 ASHRAE Fundamentals Handbook, have up to now been derived using laplace and Z-transform methods. This paper shows that they can be readily evaluated using straightforward time-domain solutions of the Fourier continuity equation. These include the response of a wall to a ramp increase in temperature and its transient response. The values of d{sub n} can be found from the first few terms in the series of wall decay times in the transient solution. The solutions are combined using a form of Fourier analysis. Appropriate layer transmission matrices enable one to find the wall`s overall characteristics readily. The wall response factors {phi}{sub j} can thus be found. The b{sub n} transfer coefficients are related to the {phi}{sub j} and d{sub n} values. The approach is illustrated using the data for wall group 6. Allowing for conversion from I-P to SI units, the present approach gives results that are almost identical to those listed. It shows, however, that the performance of the coefficients is very specific to the wall from which they were derived. The b{sub n} and d{sub n} values listed in the Handbook permit an estimate to be made of the wall response factors, including the time of peak flow and the first decay time. For heavy walls, however, values beyond d{sub 6} may be needed.

Davies, M.G. [Univ. of Liverpool (United Kingdom). School of Architecture and Building Engineering

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Polymer-Cushioned Bilayers. I. A Structural Study of Various Preparation Methods Using Neutron Reflectometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT This neutron reflectometry study evaluates the structures resulting from different methodsPolymer-Cushioned Bilayers. I. A Structural Study of Various Preparation Methods Using Neutron Reflectometry J. Y. Wong,* J. Majewski,# M. Seitz,* C. K. Park,* J. N. Israelachvili,* and G. S. Smith

Wong, Joyce

124

Characterization of X-UV multilayers by grazing incidence X-ray reflectometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1675 Characterization of X-UV multilayers by grazing incidence X-ray reflectometry L. Nevot, B of the performance at other wavelengths appears rather doubtful. We show how grazing incidence X-ray reflectometry], microelectronics [3], neutron optics [4] and X-UV optics [5]. In the last case, the stacks are made of alternating

Boyer, Edmond

125

Polarized neutron reflectometry study on a magnetic film with an ion beam imprinted stripe pattern  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We used polarized neutron reflectometry for a quantitative study of the field dependent arrangement of the magnetization vector in the different regions of an ion beam imprinted stripe pattern in a magnetic film. For the magnetic patterning of the Co70Fe30 film we took advantage of the exchange bias to an antiferromagnetic Mn83Ir17 layer which was changed locally by He-ion bombardment. The exchange bias was set to be antiparallel in the two different striped regions. We found that after magnetization reversal of half of the stripes the magnetization in neighbouring regions is periodically canted with respect to the stripe axis so that the net magnetization of the ferromagnetic film turns almost perpendicular to the stripes. At the same time the projection of the magnetization vector onto the stripe axis has a periodically alternating sign.

K. Theis-Bröhl; B.P. Toperverg; A. Westphalen; H. Zabel; J. McCord; V. Höink; J. Schmalhorst; G. Reiss; T. Weis; D. Engel; A. Ehresmann; U. Rücker

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

New directions in photonics simulation: Lanczos recursion and finite-difference time-domain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Computational Integrated Photonics (CIP) is the area of computational physics that treats the propagation of light in optical fibers and in integrated optical circuits. The purpose of integrated photonics simulation is to develop the computational tools that will support the design of photonic and optoelectronic integrated devices. CIP has, in general, two thrusts: (1) predictive models of photonic device behavior that can be used reliably to enhance significantly the speed with which designs axe optimized for development applications, and (2) to further our ability to describe the linear and nonlinear processes that occur - and can be exploited - in real photonic devices. Experimental integrated optics has been around for over a decade with much of the work during this period. centered on proof-of-principle devices that could be described using simple analytic and numerical models. Recent advances in material growths, photolithography, and device complexity have conspired to reduce significantly the number of devices that can be designed with simple models and to increase dramatically the interest in CIP. In the area of device design, CIP is viewed as critical to understanding device behavior and to optimization. In the area of propagation physics, CIP is an important tool in the study of nonlinear processes in integrated optical devices and fibers. In this talk I will discuss two of the new directions we have been investigating in CIP: Lanczos recursion and finite-difference time-domain.

Hawkins, R.J.; McLeod, R.R.; Kallman, J.S.; Ratowsky, R.P.; Feit, M.D.; Fleck, J.A. Jr.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

4.6 MATLAB Laboratory Experiment Purpose: This experiment presents the frequency domain analysis of continuous-time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.6 MATLAB Laboratory Experiment Purpose: This experiment presents the frequency domain analysis of continuous-time linear systems using MATLAB. The impulse, step, sinusoidal, and exponential responses. In addition, MATLAB will be used to perform the partial fraction expansion and to find the inverse Laplace

Gajic, Zoran

128

Numerical simulation of borehole acoustic logging in the frequency and time domains with hp-adaptive finite elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical simulation of borehole acoustic logging in the frequency and time domains with hp elasticity Coupled problems hp-adaptive finite elements a b s t r a c t Accurate numerical simulation physical modeling combined with accurate and efficient numerical dis- cretization and solution techniques

Torres-VerdĂ­n, Carlos

129

1100 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, VOL. 50, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2003 Finite-Element Time-Domain Algorithms for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

frequencies in the context of finite-element time-domain (FETD) numerical solutions of electric potential. The new algorithms, which permit treatment of multiple-pole dielectric relaxations, are based on the auxiliary differential equation method and are unconditionally stable. We validate the algorithms

130

THE GALEX TIME DOMAIN SURVEY. I. SELECTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF OVER A THOUSAND ULTRAVIOLET VARIABLE SOURCES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the selection and classification of over a thousand ultraviolet (UV) variable sources discovered in {approx}40 deg{sup 2} of GALEX Time Domain Survey (TDS) NUV images observed with a cadence of 2 days and a baseline of observations of {approx}3 years. The GALEX TDS fields were designed to be in spatial and temporal coordination with the Pan-STARRS1 Medium Deep Survey, which provides deep optical imaging and simultaneous optical transient detections via image differencing. We characterize the GALEX photometric errors empirically as a function of mean magnitude, and select sources that vary at the 5{sigma} level in at least one epoch. We measure the statistical properties of the UV variability, including the structure function on timescales of days and years. We report classifications for the GALEX TDS sample using a combination of optical host colors and morphology, UV light curve characteristics, and matches to archival X-ray, and spectroscopy catalogs. We classify 62% of the sources as active galaxies (358 quasars and 305 active galactic nuclei), and 10% as variable stars (including 37 RR Lyrae, 53 M dwarf flare stars, and 2 cataclysmic variables). We detect a large-amplitude tail in the UV variability distribution for M-dwarf flare stars and RR Lyrae, reaching up to |{Delta}m| = 4.6 mag and 2.9 mag, respectively. The mean amplitude of the structure function for quasars on year timescales is five times larger than observed at optical wavelengths. The remaining unclassified sources include UV-bright extragalactic transients, two of which have been spectroscopically confirmed to be a young core-collapse supernova and a flare from the tidal disruption of a star by dormant supermassive black hole. We calculate a surface density for variable sources in the UV with NUV < 23 mag and |{Delta}m| > 0.2 mag of {approx}8.0, 7.7, and 1.8 deg{sup -2} for quasars, active galactic nuclei, and RR Lyrae stars, respectively. We also calculate a surface density rate in the UV for transient sources, using the effective survey time at the cadence appropriate to each class, of {approx}15 and 52 deg{sup -2} yr{sup -1} for M dwarfs and extragalactic transients, respectively.

Gezari, S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States); Martin, D. C.; Forster, K.; Neill, J. D.; Morrissey, P.; Wyder, T. K. [Astronomy Department, California Institute of Technology, MC 249-17, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)] [Astronomy Department, California Institute of Technology, MC 249-17, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Huber, M.; Burgett, W. S.; Chambers, K. C.; Kaiser, N.; Magnier, E. A.; Tonry, J. L. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)] [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Heckman, T.; Bianchi, L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Neff, S. G. [Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Laboratory for Astronomy and Solar Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Seibert, M. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, Pasadena, CA 90095 (United States)] [Observatories of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, Pasadena, CA 90095 (United States); Schiminovich, D. [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Price, P. A., E-mail: suvi@astro.umd.edu [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

131

Polarization analysis of neutron reflectometry on non-collinear magnetic media: polarized neutron reflectometry experiments on a thin cobalt film  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work we present a full data analysis of polarized neutron reflectometry experiments on a thin magnetic film. A magnetic field was applied perpendicular to the layer magnetization, resulting in non spin-flip and spin-flip reflectivities. For moderate external fields, the gain or loss of Zeeman energy for spin-flipped neutrons results in off-specular reflected spin-flipped beams. The theoretical model used to explain all data simultaneously consists of a bulk cobalt layer, together with interfacial layers with low magnetization values.

R.W.E van de Kruijs; H Fredrikze; M.Th Rekveldt; A.A van Well; Yu.V Nikitenko; V.G Syromyatnikov

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Exchange bias in a nanocrystalline hematite/permalloy thin film investigated with polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated a hematite ?-Fe2O3/permalloy Ni80Fe20 bilayer film where the antiferromagnetic layer consisted of small hematite grains in the 2 to 16 nm range. A pronounced exchange bias effect occurred below the blocking temperature of 40 K. The magnitude of exchange bias was enhanced relative to reports for identical compounds in large grain, epitaxial films. However, the blocking temperature was dramatically reduced. As the Néel temperature of bulk ?-Fe2O3 is known to be very high (860 K), we attribute the low-temperature onset of exchange bias to the well-known finite-size effect which suppresses the Morin transition for nanostructured hematite. Polarized neutron reflectometry was used to place an upper limit on the concentration and length scale of a layer of uncompensated moments at the antiferromagnetic interface. The data were found to be consistent with an induced magnetic region at the antiferromagnetic interface of 0.5–1.0 ?B per Fe atom within a depth of 1–2 nm. The field dependence of the neutron spin-flip signal and spin asymmetry was analyzed in the biased state, and the first and second magnetic reversal were found to occur by asymmetric mechanisms. For the fully trained permalloy loop, reversal occurred symmetrically at both coercive fields by an in-plane spin rotation of ferromagnetic domains.

D. L. Cortie; K.-W. Lin; C. Shueh; H.-F. Hsu; X. L. Wang; M. James; H. Fritzsche; S. Brück; F. Klose

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

133

Extended-time multi-taper frequency domain cross-correlation receiver function estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produced by the incident wave field, also called 1 #12;the receiver function. The concept is simple function. They include frequency domain division with a spectral water level (Langston, 1979; Owens et al; 2005). This defeats MTRF's direct use for transition zone structure studies, but there are remedies

Helffrich, George

134

Fe and N diffusion in nitrogen-rich FeN measured using neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Grazing incidence neutron reflectometry provides an opportunity to measure the depth ... interfaces can also be measured. In addition, neutrons have contrast among the isotopes, making it...57FeN]10 and [FeN/Fe15

Mukul Gupta; A. Gupta; A. Wildes; T. Gutberlet

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Study of magnetic configurations in exchange-coupled bilayers by polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic configurations of exchange-coupled bilayers Gd40Fe60/TbXFe1-X were investigated by SQUID magnetometry and polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR). Depending on the composition of...

S. Mangin; F. Montaigne; C. Bellouard; H. Fritzsche

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Scattering length density profile of Ni film under controlled corrosion: A study in neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the density depth profile of an as-deposited Ni film and density profile for the same film after controlled electrochemical corrosion by chloride ions, measured by unpolarized neutron reflectometry. The...

Surendra Singh; A. K. Poswal; S. K. Ghosh; Saibal Basu

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Neutron reflectometry to investigate the delivery of lipids and DNA to interfaces (Review)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of scattering methods in the study of biological and biomedical problems is a field of research that is currently experiencing fast growth. In particular, neutron reflectometry (NR) is a technique...

Tommy Nylander; Richard A. Campbell; Pauline Vandoolaeghe…

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

One directional Polarized Neutron Reflectometry with optimized reference layer method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past decade, several neutron reflectometry methods for determining the modules and phase of complex reflection coefficient of an unknown multilayer thin film have been worked out among which the method of variation of surroundings and reference layers are of highest interest. These methods were later modified for measurement of polarization of reflected beam instead of the measurement of intensities. In their new architecture, these methods not only suffered from the necessity of change of experimental setup, but also another difficulty was added to their experimental implementations which was related to the limitations of the technology of the neutron reflectometers that could only measure the polarization of the reflected neutrons in the same direction as the polarization of the incident beam. As the instruments are limited, the theory has to be optimized so that the experiment could be performed. In a recent work, we have developed the method of variation of surroundings for one directional polariza...

Masoudi, Seyed Farhad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Neutron reflectometry as a tool to study magnetism (invited)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polarized-neutron specular reflectometry (PNR) was developed in the 1980's as a means of measuring magnetic depth profiles in flat films. Starting from simple profiles, and gradually solving structures of greater complexity, PNR has been used to observe or clarify a variety of magnetic phenomena. It has been used to measure the absolute magnetization of films of thickness not exceeding a few atomic planes, the penetration of magnetic fields in micron-thick superconductors, and the detailed magnetic coupling across nonmagnetic spacers in multilayers and superlattices. The development of new scattering techniques promises to enable the characterization of lateral magnetic structures. Retaining the depth sensitivity of specular reflectivity, off-specular reflectivity may be brought to resolve in-plane structures over nanometer to micron length scales. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Felcher, G. P. [Material Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Material Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Neutron reflectometry as a tool to study magnetism.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polarized-neutron specular reflectometry (PNR) was developed in the 1980's as a means of measuring magnetic depth profiles in flat films. Starting from simple profiles, and gradually solving structures of greater complexity, PNR has been used to observe or clarify a variety of magnetic phenomena. It has been used to measure the absolute magnetization of films of thickness not exceeding a few atomic planes, the penetration of magnetic fields in micron-thick superconductors, and the detailed magnetic coupling across non-magnetic spacers in multilayers and superlattices. Although PNR is considered a probe of depth dependent magnetic structure, laterally averaged in the plane of the film, the development of new scattering techniques promises to enable the characterization of lateral magnetic structures. Retaining the depth-sensitivity of specular reflectivity, off-specular reflectivity may be brought to resolve in-plane structures over nanometer to micron length scales.

Felcher, G. P.

1999-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Observation of nonstandard Fickian diffusion at the interface of isotopically pure amorphous B11 on B10 by neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As part of a larger study to investigate atomic-diffusion behavior in both elemental boron and refractory transition-metal borides, neutron reflectometry was used to examine the temperature-induced self-diffusion of isotopically enriched thin films of amorphous B11 on B10 deposited by electron-beam evaporation. The reflectometry studies were performed and model boron density profiles for samples annealed at various times and temperatures of 360 and 400 °C were fit to the reflectivity data. Although the /1110B interface did not move relative to the air/boron interface upon annealing, the expected standard Fickian diffusion for the annealed samples was not observed. A pinned Fickian diffusion model, which imposes the boundary conditions of a fixed composition of B10 to B11 at the interface, fit the reflectivity data accurately and consistently. A typical equilibrium diffusion constant was determined to be ?10-17 cm2 s-1, measured at an annealing temperature of 360 °C. The measured diffusion constants are inconsistent with the high melting temperature of elemental boron, but are consistent with measured boron diffusion constants in other amorphous thin films. The presence of clusters in the boron film is proposed to explain the observed results.

S. M. Baker; G. S. Smith; N. J. S. Brown; M. Nastasi; K. Hubbard

1997-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

185Ann. For. Sci. 60 (2003) 185193 INRA, EDP Sciences, 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

article Comparison of soil water-contents as measured with a neutron probe and time domain reflectometry techniques (neutron probe and time domain reflectometry, TDR) for measuring soil water contents (q : sonde à neutrons et TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry) dans le cas d'une parcelle forestière située dans la

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

Verification of universal surface scaling behavior in critical binary liquid mixtures with neutron and x-ray reflectometry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??We have studied two critical binary liquid mixtures in the mixed phase regime with x-ray and neutron reflectometry to verify universal critical scaling at a… (more)

Brown, Matthew D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Transit Timing Observations from Kepler: III. Confirmation of 4 Multiple Planet Systems by a Fourier-Domain Study of Anti-correlated Transit Timing Variations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a method to confirm the planetary nature of objects in systems with multiple transiting exoplanet candidates. This method involves a Fourier-domain analysis of the deviations in the transit times from a constant period that result from dynamical interactions within the system. The combination of observed anticorrelations in the transit times and mass constraints from dynamical stability allow us to claim the discovery of four planetary systems, Kepler-25, Kepler-26, Kepler-27 and Kepler-28, containing eight planets and one additional planet candidate.

Steffen, Jason H.; /Fermilab; Fabrycky, Daniel C.; /Lick Observ.; Ford, Eric B.; /Florida U.; Carter, Joshua A.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Fressin, Francois; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Holman, Matthew J.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Lissauer, Jack J.; /NASA, Ames; Rowe, Jason F.; /SETI Inst., Mtn. View /NASA, Ames; Ragozzine, Darin; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Welsh, William F.; /Caltech; Borucki, William J.; /NASA, Ames /UC, Santa Barbara

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Detecting Abnormal Vibration in a Gearbox Using Time-Frequency Domain.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The gearbox of Volvo Construction Equipment vehicles may be considered as a critical mechanical component. Gear failures may cause costly down time while the gearbox… (more)

Ibeh, Elisabeth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Scaling Behavior of the First Arrival Time of a Random-Walking Magnetic Domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CoCr and CoCrPt films and the observation window size (40 µmCo 82 Cr 18 film. Three different time windows of 1, 30, andwindow of space and time in CoCr and CoCrPt alloy films. The

Im, M.-Y.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Soft X-ray reflectometry applied to the evaluation of surface roughness variation during the deposition of thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1645 Soft X-ray reflectometry applied to the evaluation of surface roughness variation during). The surface roughness evolution was calculated as a function of thickness from the soft X-ray reflectance Abstracts 07.60H - 68.20 - 68.55 - 78.65 Introduction. Soft X-ray reflectometry (SXR) was introduced

Boyer, Edmond

148

Determination of equilibrium coupling angles in magnetic multilayers by polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have performed polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) on Co/Cu multilayers grown by sputter deposition at the first antiferromagnetic (AF) maximum of the coupling oscillation. The growth of the Cu spacer layers was paused halfway through each layer for a variable amount of time to allow residual gases to be adsorbed onto the surface. A sample with clean Cu spacers shows good AF coupling, with low remanence and high saturation field. The PNR spectra show a strong 12-order Bragg peak and little splitting between the reflectivities for incident ? and ? spin neutrons at zero field, characteristic of AF ordering. Meanwhile, a more heavily gas-damaged sample with a remanent fraction of ?2/2 has strongly spin-split PNR spectra at the critical edge and nuclear Bragg peak, showing a significant ferromagnetic component. A strong 12-order Bragg peak is still present. We are able to fit accurately the magnetization and PNR data by assuming that such a sample shows considerable biquadratic coupling, with moments coupled close to 90° at zero field.

C. H. Marrows; S. Langridge; B. J. Hickey

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

One directional Polarized Neutron Reflectometry with optimized reference layer method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past decade, several neutron reflectometry methods for determining the modulus and phase of the complex reflection coefficient of an unknown multilayer thin film have been worked out among which the method of variation of surroundings and reference layers are of highest interest. These methods were later modified for measurement of the polarization of the reflected beam instead of the measurement of the intensities. In their new architecture, these methods not only suffered from the necessity of change of experimental setup, but also another difficulty was added to their experimental implementations. This deficiency was related to the limitations of the technology of the neutron reflectometers that could only measure the polarization of the reflected neutrons in the same direction as the polarization of the incident beam. As the instruments are limited, the theory has to be optimized so that the experiment could be performed. In a recent work, we developed the method of variation of surroundings for one directional polarization analysis. In this new work, the method of reference layer with polarization analysis has been optimized to determine the phase and modulus of the unknown film with measurement of the polarization of the reflected neutrons in the same direction as the polarization of the incident beam.

Seyed Farhad Masoudi; Saeed S. Jahromi

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

150

One directional polarized neutron reflectometry with optimized reference layer method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the past decade, several neutron reflectometry methods for determining the modulus and phase of the complex reflection coefficient of an unknown multilayer thin film have been worked out among which the method of variation of surroundings and reference layers are of highest interest. These methods were later modified for measurement of the polarization of the reflected beam instead of the measurement of the intensities. In their new architecture, these methods not only suffered from the necessity of change of experimental setup but also another difficulty was added to their experimental implementations. This deficiency was related to the limitations of the technology of the neutron reflectometers that could only measure the polarization of the reflected neutrons in the same direction as the polarization of the incident beam. As the instruments are limited, the theory has to be optimized so that the experiment could be performed. In a recent work, we developed the method of variation of surroundings for one directional polarization analysis. In this new work, the method of reference layer with polarization analysis has been optimized to determine the phase and modulus of the unknown film with measurement of the polarization of the reflected neutrons in the same direction as the polarization of the incident beam.

Masoudi, S. Farhad; Jahromi, Saeed S. [Department of Physics, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4416, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Hull/mooring/riser coupled dynamic analysis of a floating platform in time domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this program is about ten times faster than its sibling based on the same FEM theory given by D. L. Garrett in 19g2. The Present Case Study In order to examine the benefits of non-linear coupled dynamic analysis of floating offshore structures with flexible... dynamic analysis, a finite-element-method (FEM) program WINPOST was used (e. g. Kim, 1997; Ran and Kim, 1997). The mooring dynamics program was based on a global-coordinate- based FEM (Garrett, 1982), which is expected to be more efficient than...

Zheng, Weizhong

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Neutron reflectometry studies of aluminum–saline water interface under hydrostatic pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The structural stability of Al layers in contact with 3.5 wt.% NaCl water solution was investigated at a temperature of 25 °C and hydrostatic pressures from 1 to 600 atm using neutron reflectometry. A pressure–temperature (P–T) Neutron Reflectometry (NR) cell developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was used to understand the behavior of thin (?900 Ĺ) aluminum layers in contact with saline liquid. Experimental results suggest that in the preliminary stages of corrosion the influence of pressure accelerates the mechanism of interactions of the oxide film with Cl? and H2O with lower speed compared to results found in the literature.

A. Junghans; R. Chellappa; P. Wang; J. Majewski; G. Luciano; R. Marcelli; E. Proietti

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Three-dimensional transient model for time-domain free-carrier absorption measurement of excess carriers in silicon wafers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A three-dimensional transient model for time-domain (modulated) free-carrier absorption (FCA) measurement was developed to describe the transport dynamics of photo-generated excess carriers in silicon (Si) wafers. With the developed transient model, numerical simulations were performed to investigate the dependences of the waveforms of the transient FCA signals on the electronic transport parameters of Si wafers and the geometric parameters of the FCA experiment. Experimental waveforms of FCA signals of both n- and p-type Si wafers with resistivity ranging 1–38 ?·cm were then fitted to the three-dimensional transient model to extract simultaneously and unambiguously the transport parameters of Si wafers, namely, the carrier lifetime, the carrier diffusion coefficient, and the front surface recombination velocity via multi-parameter fitting. A basic agreement between the extracted parameter values and the literature values was obtained.

Ren, Shengdong; Huang, Qiuping [Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P. O. Box 350, Shuangliu, Chengdu, Sichuan 610209 (China); University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Li, Bincheng, E-mail: bcli@ioe.ac.cn [Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P. O. Box 350, Shuangliu, Chengdu, Sichuan 610209 (China)

2013-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

154

Kinetics of alloy formation at the interfaces in a Ni-Ti multilayer: X-ray and neutron reflectometry study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vacuum-deposited Ni/Ti multilayers on annealing at different temperatures exhibit formation of ordered alloy layers at interfaces. We have studied in detail the formation of alloy at interfaces of a Ni/Ti multilayer on annealing at 300?°C and 400?°C using powder x-ray diffraction, x-ray reflectometry, polarized neutron reflectometry, and off-specular x-ray reflectometry techniques. Correlation among structural, magnetic, and morphological properties in as-deposited Ni/Ti multilayer as well as in a sample annealed at 300?°C and 400?°C has been studied. X-ray diffraction technique was used to obtain crystal structure of the sample. Specular x-ray reflectometry and neutron reflectometry were used to determine the growth of alloy layers from density profile, as a function of depth in the sample. From off-specular x-ray reflectivity we found that the in-plane correlation lengths at the interfaces grew with annealing. This is associated with alloy crystallite growth obtained from x-ray reflectometry. Detailed magnetic-moment density profile of as-deposited as well as annealed multilayer sample has been determined by polarized neutron reflectometry measurements, which was used to determine the magnetic nature of the alloy layers. The results show formation of nonmagnetic alloy layers at the interfaces on annealing. From the Bragg-peak intensities of x-ray reflectivity and polarized neutron reflectivity measurements, we have estimated the diffusion lengths after annealing at 300?°C and 400?°C.

Surendra Singh; Saibal Basu; Pramod Bhatt; A. K. Poswal

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

155

Status of reflectometry and phase-contrast imaging on Alcator C-Mod  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the figure of typical L- and H-mode density profiles. PPPL system: Frequencies 132 and 140 GHz, corresponding C-ModStatus of reflectometry Short-term plan: 1. Visit by Gerrit Kramer (PPPL) from Monday the 23rd

Basse, Nils Plesner

156

Hydration kinetics of cements by Time-Domain Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Application to Portland-cement-derived endodontic pastes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-Domain Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (TD-NMR) of {sup 1}H nuclei is used to monitor the maturation up to 30 days of three different endodontic cement pastes. The 'Solid-liquid' separation of the NMR signals and quasi-continuous distributions of relaxation times allow one to follow the formation of chemical compounds and the build-up of the nano- and subnano-structured C-S-H gel. {sup 1}H populations, distinguished by their different mobilities, can be identified and assigned to water confined within the pores of the C-S-H gel, to crystallization water and Portlandite, and to hydroxyl groups. Changes of the TD-NMR parameters during hydration are in agreement with the expected effects of the different additives, which, as it is known, can substantially modify the rate of reactions and the properties of cementitious pastes. Endodontic cements are suitable systems to check the ability of this non-destructive technique to give insight into the complex hydration process of real cement pastes.

Bortolotti, Villiam, E-mail: villiam.bortolotti@unibo.it [Department DICAM, University of Bologna, Via Terracini 28, 40131, Bologna (Italy); Fantazzini, Paola [Department of Physics, University of Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127, Bologna (Italy); Mongiorgi, Romano [Centre of Biomineralogy, Crystallography and Biomaterials, Department of Earth and Geoenvironmental Sciences, University of Bologna, Piazza di Porta S. Donato, 40127, Bologna (Italy); Sauro, Salvatore [Department of Dental Biomaterials Science Kings College, London Dental Institute at Guy's, King's College and St Thomas' Hospitals, Floor 17 Guy's Tower, Guys Hospital, London Bridge, London SE1 9RT (United Kingdom); Dental Materials, School of Dentistry, University of Granada, Colegio Maximo, Campus de Cartuja, Granada (Spain); Zanna, Silvano [Centre of Biomineralogy, Crystallography and Biomaterials, Department of Earth and Geoenvironmental Sciences, University of Bologna, Piazza di Porta S. Donato, 40127, Bologna (Italy)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Doppler effect reduction based on time-domain interpolation resampling for wayside acoustic defective bearing detector system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the wayside Acoustic Defective Bearing Detector (ADBD) system, the recorded acoustic signal will be severely distorted by the Doppler effect because of the high moving speed of the railway vehicle, which is a barrier that would badly reduce the effectiveness of online defect detection. This paper proposes a simple and effective method, called time-domain interpolation resampling (TIR), to remove the Doppler effect embedded in the acoustic signal. The TIR is conducted in three steps. First, the time vector for resampling is calculated according to the kinematic analysis. Second, the amplitude of the distorted signal is demodulated. Third, the distorted signal is re-sampled using spline interpolation. In this method, both the spectrum structure and the amplitudes of the distorted signal can be restored. The effectiveness of TIR is verified by means of simulation studies and train roller bearing experiments with various types of defects. It is also compared to an existing Doppler effect reduction method that is based on the instantaneous frequency estimation using Hilbert transform. Results indicate that the proposed TIR method has the superior performance in removing the Doppler effect, and can be well implemented to Doppler effect reduction for the ADBD system.

Fang Liu; Qingbo He; Fanrang Kong; Yongbin Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Modeling a thermionic energy converter using finite-difference time-domain particle-in-cell simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermionic energy converter (TEC) is a static device that converts heat directly into electricity by boiling electrons off a hot emitter surface across a small inter-electrode gap to a cooler collector surface. The main challenge in TECs is overcoming the space charge limit, which limits the current transmitted across a gap of a given voltage and width. We have verified the feasibility of studying and developing a TEC using a bounded finite-difference time-domain particle-in-cell plasma simulation code, OOPD1, developed by Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, formerly at UC Berkeley and now at Michigan State University. In this preliminary work, a TEC has been modeled kinetically using OOPD1, and the accuracy has been verified by comparing with an analytically solvable case, giving good agreement. With further improvement of the code, one will be able to quickly and cheaply analyze space charge effects, and seek designs that mitigate the space charge effect, allowing TECs to become more efficient and cost-effective.

Lo, F. S.; Lee, T. H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (China); Lu, P. S. [NanoScience Simulation Laboratory, Fu Jen Catholic University, Xinzhuang Dist., New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan (China)] [NanoScience Simulation Laboratory, Fu Jen Catholic University, Xinzhuang Dist., New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan (China); Ragan-Kelley, B. [Applied Science and Technology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Applied Science and Technology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Minnich, A. [Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Lin, M. C., E-mail: mingchiehlin@gmail.com [NanoScience Simulation Laboratory, Fu Jen Catholic University, Xinzhuang Dist., New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan (China); Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Verboncoeur, J. P. [Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computing Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

159

Flaw Shape Reconstruction from SH-Wave Array Ultrasonic Data Using Time Domain Linearized Inverse Scattering Method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A linearized inverse scattering method, so called the Kirchhoff inversion, is formulated in time domain for SH-waves measured by a contact ultrasonic transducer and tested using experimental data. The data for reconstruction are experimentally obtained by measuring ultrasonic echoes from artificial flaws in steel plate specimens. For an efficient and accurate data collection, a contact SH-wave linear array transducer is used. The shapes of the artificial flaws are reconstructed by the Kirchhoff inversion and the conventional SAFT (Synthetic Aperture Focusing Technique) using the waves from a single ray path. Comparison of the two methods shows that the Kirchhoff inversion works well for experimental data and outperforms SAFT although only an illuminated portion of the flaw boundaries is reconstructed by either method. In order to gain more information on the flaw boundaries, the Kirchhoff inversion which takes into account multiple ray paths is also tested with the same experimental data. As a result, it is shown that a larger part of the flaw boundaries can be visualized by considering the multiple ray paths.

Kimoto, K.; Hirose, S. [Department of Mechanical and Environmental Informatics, Graduate School of Information Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8552 (Japan)

2005-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

160

On the feasibility to study inverse proximity effect in a single S/F bilayer by Polarized Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here we report on a feasibility study aiming to explore the potential of Polarized Neutron Reflectometry (PNR) for detecting the inverse proximity...T = 0.5T C ...

Yu. N. Khaydukov; B. Nagy; J. -H. Kim; T. Keller; A. Rühm; Yu. V. Nikitenko…

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Magnetic Proximity Effects in V/Fe Superconductor/Ferromagnet Single Bilayer Revealed by Waveguide-Enhanced Polarized Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry is used to study the magnetic proximity...T C manifested in a systematic change in the height and width of the waveguide resonance peak. Upon increasing the tempera...

Yu. N. Khaydukov; V. L. Aksenov…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Characterization of protein resistant, grafted methacrylate polymer layers bearing oligo(ethylene glycol) and phosphorylcholine side chains by neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry was used to investigate the structures of ... stretched parabolic model was used to fit the neutron data, resulting in a one-dimensional scattering...2O, the cutoff thicknesses of OEGMA and ...

Wei Feng; Mu-Ping Nieh; Shiping Zhu; Thad A. Harroun; John Katsaras…

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Ab Initio Time-Domain Study of Phonon-Assisted Relaxation of Charge Carriers in a PbSe Quantum Dot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ab Initio Time-Domain Study of Phonon-Assisted Relaxation of Charge Carriers in a PbSe Quantum Dot optical modes. Holes decay only slightly faster than electrons, rendering the hole-assisted Auger that was reported recently in relation to improved solar power conversion. 1. Introduction Nanometer-size crystals

164

A new measure of acceleration of heart rate: dependence on age and comparison with time domain conventional heart rate variability measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new measure of acceleration of heart rate: dependence on age and comparison with time domain conventional heart rate variability measures Giuseppe Germanò, M.D., Gianfranco Piccirillo, M.D., *Camillo We introduce a new index, Acceleration Ratio (AR), in order to investigate the dependence of Heart

Cammarota, Camillo

165

Observation of nonstandard Fickian diffusion at the interface of isotopically pure amorphous {sup 11}B on {sup 10}B by neutron reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a larger study to investigate atomic-diffusion behavior in both elemental boron and refractory transition-metal borides, neutron reflectometry was used to examine the temperature-induced self-diffusion of isotopically enriched thin films of amorphous {sup 11}B on {sup 10}B deposited by electron-beam evaporation. The reflectometry studies were performed and model boron density profiles for samples annealed at various times and temperatures of 360 and 400{degree}C were fit to the reflectivity data. Although the {sup 10}B/{sup 11}B interface did not move relative to the air/boron interface upon annealing, the expected standard Fickian diffusion for the annealed samples was not observed. A pinned Fickian diffusion model, which imposes the boundary conditions of a fixed composition of {sup 10}B to {sup 11}B at the interface, fit the reflectivity data accurately and consistently. A typical equilibrium diffusion constant was determined to be {approximately}10{sup {minus}17} cm{sup 2}s{sup {minus}1}, measured at an annealing temperature of 360{degree}C. The measured diffusion constants are inconsistent with the high melting temperature of elemental boron, but are consistent with measured boron diffusion constants in other amorphous thin films. The presence of clusters in the boron film is proposed to explain the observed results. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Baker, S.M.; Smith, G.S.; Brown, N.J.; Nastasi, M.; Hubbard, K. [Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center H-805, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center H-805, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Self-Healing of Surfactant Surface Micelles on Millisecond Time Scales Hannes C. Schniepp, Dudley A. Saville, and Ilhan A. Aksay*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including neutron reflectometry,11 optical reflectometry,12,13 ellip- sometry,14 and Fourier transform

Aksay, Ilhan A.

167

Application of polarized neutron reflectometry and x-ray resonant magnetic reflectometry for determining the inhomogeneous magnetic structure in Fe/Gd multilayers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The evolution of the magnetic structure of multilayer [Fe (35 {angstrom})/Gd (50 {angstrom}){sub 5}] with variation in temperature and an applied magnetic field was determined using a complementary approach combining polarized neutron and X-ray resonant magnetic reflectometry. Self-consistent simultaneous analysis of X-ray and neutron spectra allowed us to determine the elemental and depth profiles in the multilayer structure with unprecedented accuracy, including the identification of an inhomogeneous intralayer magnetic structure with near-atomic resolution.

Kravtsov, E. A.; Haskel, D.; te Velthuis, S. G. E.; Jiang, J. S.; Kirby, B. J. (Materials Science Division); ( XSD); (Russian Academy of Sciences and Ural Federal Univ.); (Ural State Technical Univ.); (NIST Center for Neutron Research)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Thickness and density of adsorbed additive layer on metal surface in lubricant by neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thickness and density of the adsorbed additive layer on a metal surface in lubricant were directly measured by neutron reflectometry. First, two kinds of metal surfaces, iron and copper, on ultra-flat silicon blocks were prepared by physical vapor deposition. After that, each target surface was analyzed by neutron reflectometry in air, in base oil and in base oil with an additive. Poly-alpha-olefin was used as the base oil, while deuterated acetic acid was used as an additive. Fitting operation based on Parratt's theory showed that the thicknesses of the adsorbed layers on the iron and copper surfaces were quite thin, only 2.0 nm. The friction coefficients of the metal surfaces measured by a ball-on-disk tribometer decreased considerably when the acetic acid was added to the base oil. It was concluded that the additive adsorbed layers on the metal surfaces considerably affected friction properties despite being only several nanometers thick.

Tomoko Hirayama; Takashi Torii; Yohei Konishi; Masayuki Maeda; Takashi Matsuoka; Kazuko Inoue; Masahiro Hino; Dai Yamazaki; Masayasu Takeda

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Electrochemically controlled pitting corrosion in Ni film: A study of AFM and neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrochemical behavior of pitting corrosion of a Ni film, grown on Si substrate by sputtering, prepassivated in a chloride-free sulfuric acid solution and subsequently exposed to chloride above the pitting potential is reported. Specular and off-specular unpolarized neutron reflectometry and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) techniques have been used to determine the depth profile of scattering length density and morphology of as-deposited as well as corroded sample. Specular neutron reflectometry measurement of the film after corrosion shows density degradation along the thickness of film. The density profile as a function of depth, maps the growth of pitting and void networks due to corrosion. The AFM and off-specular neutron reflectivity measurements has suggested that the morphology of the film remains same after exposure of the film in chloride solution.

Surendra Singh; Saibal Basu; A.K. Poswal; R.B. Tokas; S.K. Ghosh

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Detection and characterization of ultra-thin films with neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mystery of observing films that are much thinner than the resolution limit of a reflectivity measurement is explained within the bounds of the kinematic approximation. Although never encountered in crystal structure determination (hence it is not widely known and even seems counter-intuitive to crystallographers), the phenomenon is in no way limited to reflectometry, which could not be described without invoking dynamic scattering theory.

Tun, Z.

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

171

May 15, 1993 / Vol. 18, No. 10 / OPTICS LETTERS 781 Extra resonances in time-domain four-wave mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of optical physics, the basic physics of nonlinear wave mixing (NWM) is replete with subtleties that have not been fully appreciated. For instance, more than a decade passed between the proper treatment-domain extra resonances increase in strength as the pure dephasing rate in- D~~~~~Ei 3 4 5 Frequency(GHz) 0 2 4

Fayer, Michael D.

172

July 15, 2004 / Vol. 29, No. 14 / OPTICS LETTERS 1617 Waveguide terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of nanometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-domain spectroscopy is demonstrated to have the sensitivity to characterize nanome- ter-thick water layers the absorption and the index of refraction of the layer material. The sensitivity of this measurement absorption properties from those of bulk water. Figure 1 shows the experimental setup of the broad- band THz

173

Neutron Reflectometry Study of the Segment-Density Profiles in End-Grafted and Irreversibly Adsorbed Layers of Polymer in Good  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron Reflectometry Study of the Segment-Density Profiles in End-Grafted and Irreversibly(dimethylsiloxane) in good solvents has been measured using neutron reflectometry. Two types of layers have been studied: end by solvents.13,20-23 On the other hand, neutron reflectivity has been proved to be a powerful technique

Paris-Sud 11, Université de

174

Temperature-controlled neutron reflectometry sample cell suitable for study of photoactive thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a novel cell design intended for the study of photoactive materials using neutron reflectometry. The cell can maintain sample temperature and control of ambient atmospheric environment. Critically, the cell is built with an optical port, enabling light irradiation or light probing of the sample, simultaneous with neutron reflectivity measurements. The ability to measure neutron reflectivity with simultaneous temperature ramping and/or light illumination presents unique opportunities for measuring photoactive materials. To validate the cell design, we present preliminary results measuring the photoexpansion of thin films of azobenzene polymer.

Yager, Kevin G.; Tanchak, Oleh M.; Barrett, Christopher J.; Watson, Mike J.; Fritzsche, Helmut [Department of Chemistry, McGill University, Lab 406, 801 Sherbrooke Street W., Montreal, Quebec H3A 2K6 (Canada); Chalk River Laboratories, Building 459, Station 18, Chalk River, Ontario K0J 1J0 (Canada)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Investigating magnetic proximity effects in NiO/Pd with polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With polarized neutron reflectometry we investigated NiO/Pd heterostructures for the presence of a magnetic proximity effect, which is expected to produce an induced ferromagnetic moment in Pd. Using a specific isotope mixture of Ni in the preparation of NiO, the chemical contrast across the Pd/NiO interface was greatly suppressed, thus enhancing sensitivity to magnetic contrast at the reflecting interface. Despite enhanced sensitivity, no evidence for a proximity effect was observed. If present, the magnetic moment per Pd atom could not be more than 0.01?B, regardless of Pd layer thickness, crystalline interface orientation, and number of NiO/Pd bilayers.

A. Hoffmann; M. R. Fitzsimmons; J. A. Dura; C. F. Majkrzak

2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

176

Seismic damage identification for steel structures using distributed fiber optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A distributed fiber optic monitoring methodology based on optic time domain reflectometry technology is developed for seismic damage identification of steel structures. Epoxy with a...

Hou, Shuang; Cai, C S; Ou, Jinping

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Design of an efficient single photon source from a metallic nanorod dimer: a quasinormal mode finite-difference time-domain approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe how the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) technique can be used to compute the quasinormal mode (QNM) for metallic nano-resonators, which is important for describing and understanding light-matter interactions in nanoplasmonics. We use the QNM to model the enhanced spontaneous emission rate for dipole emitters near a gold nanorod dimer structure using a newly developed QNM expansion technique. Significant enhanced photon emission factors of around 1500 are obtained with large output $\\beta$-factors of about $60\\%$.

Ge, Rong-Chun

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Surface physics with cold and thermal neutron reflectometry. Progress report, April 1, 1991--September 30, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within the past two and one half years of the project ``Surface Physics With Cold and Thermal Neutron Reflectometry`` a new thermal neutron reflectometer was constructed at the Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center (RINSC). It was used to study various liquid and solid surfaces. Furthermore, neutron reflection experiments were be un at different laboratories in collaboration with Dr. G.P. Fetcher (at Argonne National Laboratory), Dr. T. Russell (IBM Almaden) and Drs. S.K. Satija and A. Karim (at the National Institute for Standards and Technology). The available resources allowed partial construction of an imaging system for ultracold neutrons. It is expected to provide an extremely high resolution in momentum and energy transfer in surface studies using neutron reflectometry. Much of the work reported here was motivated by the possibility of later implementation at the planned Advanced Neutron Source at Oak Ridge. In a separate project the first concrete plans for an intense source of ultracold neutrons for the Advanced Neutron Source were developed.

Steyerl, A.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Polarized neutron reflectometry study of the magnetization reversal process in YBa2Cu3O7/La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 superlattices grown on SrTiO3 substrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using polarized neutron reflectometry we investigated the reversal of the magnetization of a high-Tc superconductor/ferromagnet superlattice that consists of eight bilayers of YBa2Cu3O7(25.6?nm)/La2/3Ca1/3MnO3(25.6?nm) grown on a SrTiO3 substrate. The measurements were performed during a magnetization hysteresis loop at 5 K. We obtained evidence that the reversal in the vicinity of the coercive field proceeds via the switching of micrometer-sized magnetic domains that are considerably larger than the typical domains of La2/3Ca1/3MnO3. Furthermore, these large magnetic domains appear to be more strongly correlated along the vertical direction of the superlattice than along the lateral one. We provide evidence that this unusual behavior may be induced by the SrTiO3 substrate which undergoes a series of structural phase transitions, some of which give rise to the formation of micrometer-sized surface facets that are tilted with respect to each other. These facets and the resulting strain fields are transmitted throughout the superlattice and thus may act as templates for the large magnetic domains in the La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 layers whose magnetic properties are very susceptible to the lattice strain.

J. Hoppler; H. Fritzsche; V. K. Malik; J. Stahn; G. Cristiani; H.-U. Habermeier; M. Rössle; J. Honolka; A. Enders; C. Bernhard

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

180

Spectral inhomogeneity induced by vacancies and thermal phonons and associated observables in time-and frequency-domain nonlinear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectral inhomogeneity induced by vacancies and thermal phonons and associated observables in time by vacancies and thermally populated phonons, specializing to molecular iodine isolated in an Ar matrix. At experimentally relevant temperatures, for a vacancy concentration of 1.4%, both defect-induced and phonon

Apkarian, V. Ara

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Doppler Effect removal based on instantaneous frequency estimation and time domain re-sampling for wayside acoustic defective bearing detector system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The phenomenon of Doppler Effect in the acoustic signal recorded by the wayside acoustic defective bearing detector (ADBD) leads to the difficulty for fault diagnosis of train bearings with a high moving speed, which is a barrier that would badly reduce the effectiveness of online defect detection. In order to improve the performance of condition monitoring of the bearings on a passing train with microphones amounted besides the railway, the elimination of the Doppler Effect should be solved firstly. An effective method for removing the Doppler Effect embedded in the source signal is presented in this paper. The Short Time Fourier Transform-Viterbi Algorithm (STFT-VA) is applied to obtain instantaneous frequency estimation of the distorted signal. According to the acoustic theory of Morse, the non-linear data fitting is then carried out to get the fitting instantaneous frequencies. The necessary parameters for time domain interpolation re-sampling, which is totally based on the kinematic analysis, are acquired from the fitting curve and the re-sampling sequence could be established in the time domain. As a result of the preceding steps, the fault diagnosis for the train bearings could be implemented with the restored signal. The effectiveness of this proposed method is verified by means of a simulation with three adjacent frequencies and an experiment with practical acoustic signals of train bearings with a crack on the outer race and the inner race. The results of the simulation and the experiment indicate that the proposed method has an excellent performance in removing Doppler Effect, and could be well employed to the condition monitoring and fault diagnosis of train bearings with a high moving speed.

Chao Wang; Fanrang Kong; Qingbo He; Fei Hu; Fang Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Diffusivity determination in bulk materials on nanometric length scales using neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach based on neutron reflectometry and isotope heterostructures is presented in order to determine self-diffusivities in bulk materials on small length scales of 1–10 nm. The method is demonstrated for lithium self-diffusion in LiNbO3 single crystals at low temperatures of 200 and 250?°C using 6LiNbO3 (amorphous film)/natLiNbO3 (single crystal) structures for analysis. Lithium diffusivities are derived from neutron reflectivity patterns in good agreement with results obtained by secondary ion mass spectrometry on the same type of samples but on larger length scales up to 90 nm, as given in literature. In addition, neutron reflectivity simulations were performed in order to investigate the influence of diffusion length and scattering length density on the quality of the results. The limitation of the method is discussed.

E. Hüger; J. Rahn; J. Stahn; T. Geue; H. Schmidt

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

183

Progress in the development of phase-sensitive neutron reflectometry methods.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been a number of years since phase-sensitive specular neutron reflectometry (PSNR) methods employing reference layers were first introduced to help remove the ambiguity inherent in the reconstruction of scattering length density (SLD) depth profiles (Majkrzak, C. F.; Berk, N. F. Physica B 2003, 336, 27) from specular reflectivity measurements. Although a number of scientific applications of PSNR techniques have now been successfully realized (Majkrzak, C. F.; Berk, N. F.; Perez-Salas, U. A. Langmuir 2003, 19, 7796 and references therein), in certain cases practical difficulties remain. In this article, we describe possible solutions to two specific problems: (1) the need for explicit, detailed knowledge of the SLD profile of a given reference layer of finite thickness; and (2) for a reference layer of finite thickness in which only two density variations are possible, how to identify which of two mathematical solutions corresponds to the true physical structure.

Majkrzak, C. F.; Berk, N. F.; Kienzle, P.; Perez-Salas, U. (Materials Science Division); (NIST Center for Neutron Research)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Surface force confinement cell for neutron reflectometry studies of complex fluids under nano-confinement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe the construction of a new neutron surface force confinement cell (NSFCC). The NSFCC is equipped with hydraulically powered in-situ, temporally stable, force control system for simultaneous neutron reflectometry studies of nano-confined complex fluid systems. Test measurements with deuterated toluene confined between two opposing diblock copolymer (polystyrene + poly 2-vinylpyridine) coated quartz substrates demonstrate the capabilities of the NSFCC. With increasing hydraulically-applied force, a series of well-defined decreasing separations were observed from neutron reflectivity measurements. No noticeable changes in the hydraulic pressure used for controlling the surface separation were observed during the measurements, demonstrating the high stability of the apparatus. This newly designed NSFCC introduces a higher level of control for studies of confinement and consequent finite size effects on nano-scale structure in a variety of complex fluid and soft condensed matter systems.

Cho, Jae-Hie [ORNL; Smith, Gregory Scott [ORNL; Hamilton, William A. [ANSTO; Mulder, D. [University of California, Davis; Kuhl, T. L. [University of California, Davis; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Magnetometry and transport data complement polarized neutron reflectometry in magnetic depth profiling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Exchange coupled magnetic hard layer/soft layer thin films show a variety of complex magnetization reversal mechanisms depending on the hierarchy of interaction strengths within and between the films. Magnetization reversal can include uniform rotation, soft layer biasing, as well as exchange spring behavior. We investigate the magnetization reversal of a CoPt/Permalloy/Ta/Permalloy heterostructure. Here, Stoner-Wohlfarth-type uniform magnetization rotation of the virtually free Permalloy layer and exchange spring behavior of the strongly pinned Permalloy layer are found in the same sample. We investigate the complex magnetization reversal by polarized neutron reflectometry, magnetometry, and magneto-transport. The synergy of combining these experimental methods together with theoretical modeling is key to obtain the complete quantitative depth resolved information of the magnetization reversal processes for a multilayer of mesoscopic thickness.

Wang Yi; He Xi; Mukherjee, T.; Binek, Ch. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, Jorgenson Hall, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0111 (United States); Fitzsimmons, M. R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Sahoo, S. [Seagate Technology, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55435 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Report of the workshop on small-angle and reflectometry instruments on future spallation sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This workshop was well attended, with 16 people participating. Most were more involved with small-angle scattering rather than with reflectometry, with the result that most of the discussions emphasized the need for a variety of small-angle capabilities. Furthermore, the discussions frequently assumed the scenario that the author was specifying requirements for the initial suite and add-on instruments for SNS. This led to rather conservative requests, with some consideration of practicalities. The consensus was that the initial instruments on one of the new high-power sources should take full advantage of the increased flux, but with minimal technological risk and with only modest improvements of the design specifications compared to current instruments.

Seeger, P.A.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

187

Competing interactions at the interface between ferromagnetic oxides revealed by spin-polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the magnetization profiles in superlattices composed of the two ferromagnets La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and SrRuO3 using spin-polarized neutron reflectometry. In combination with magnetometry, the neutron data indicate a noncollinear spin configuration where orientation of the Ru moments changes from in plane at the interface to out of plane deep inside the SrRuO3 layers. The spin structure originates in a competition between antiferromagnetic exchange interactions of Mn and Ru moments across the interface, and the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the Ru moments, and it is closely related to the “exchange spring” structures previously observed in multilayers composed of ferromagnetic elements and alloys.

J.-H. Kim; I. Vrejoiu; Y. Khaydukov; T. Keller; J. Stahn; A. Rühm; D. K. Satapathy; V. Hinkov; B. Keimer

2012-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

188

Field Devices for Monitoring Soil Water Content  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1. Volumetric Field Methods 2.1.1. Neutron Moderation 2.1.2. Dielectric Methods 2.1.2.1. Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) 2.1.2.2. Frequency Domain (FD): Capacitance and FDR 2.1.2.3. Amplitude Domain Reflectometry

189

Neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron reflectivity is a powerful tool for the ... chapter include: the theory of elastic specular neutron diffraction; polarized neutron reflectivity; surface roughness; experimental methodology; resolution in ...

G. S. Smith; C. F. Majkrzak

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK (DST) THERMAL & SEISMIC PROJECT ESTABLISHMENT OF METHODOLOGY FOR TIME DOMAIN SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION ANALYSIS OF HANFORD DST  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

M&D Professional Services, Inc. (M&D) is under subcontract to Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL) to perform seismic analysis of the Hanford Site Double-Shell Tanks (DSTs) in support of a project entitled ''Double-Shell Tank DSV Integrity Project-DST Thermal and Seismic Analyses''. The overall scope of the project is to complete an up-to-date comprehensive analysis of record of the DST System at Hanford in support of Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-48-14. The thermal and operating loads analysis of the DSTs is documented in Rinker et al. (2004). The work statement provided to M&D (PNNL 2003) required that the seismic analysis of the DST assess the impacts of potentially non-conservative assumptions in previous analyses and account for the additional soil mass due to the as-found soil density increase, the effects of material degradation, additional thermal profiles applied to the full structure including the soil-structure response with the footings, the non-rigid (low frequency) response of the tank roof, the asymmetric seismic-induced soil loading, the structural discontinuity between the concrete tank wall and the support footing and the sloshing of the tank waste. The seismic analysis considers the interaction of the tank with the surrounding soil, and the effects of the primary tank contents. The DST and the surrounding soil are modeled as a system of finite elements. The depth and width of the soil incorporated into the analysis model are sufficient to obtain appropriately accurate analytical results. The analyses required to support the work statement differ from previous analysis of the DSTs in that the soil-structure interaction (SSI) model includes several (nonlinear) contact surfaces in the tank structure, and the contained waste must be modeled explicitly in order to capture the fluid-structure interaction behavior between the primary tank and contained waste. Soil-structure interaction analyses are traditionally solved in the frequency domain, but frequency domain analysis is limited to systems with linear responses. The nonlinear character of the coupled SSI model and tank structural model requires that the seismic analysis be solved in the time domain. However, time domain SSI analysis is somewhat nontraditional and requires that the appropriate methodology be developed and demonstrated. Moreover, the analysis of seismically induced fluid-structure interaction between the explicitly modeled waste and the primary tank must be benchmarked against known solutions to simpler problems before being applied to the more complex analysis of the DSTs. The objective of this investigation is to establish the methodology necessary to perform the required SSI analysis of the DSTs in the time domain. Specifically, the analysis establishes the capabilities and limitations of the time domain codes ANSYS and Dytran for performing seismic SSI analysis of the DSTs. The benchmarking of the codes Dytran and ANSYS for performing seismically induced fluid-structure interaction (FSI) between the contained waste and the DST primary tank are documented in Abatt (2006) and Carpenter and Abatt (2006), respectively. The results of those two studies show that both codes have the capability to analyze the fluid-structure interaction behavior of the primary tank and contained waste. As expected, Dytran appears to have more robust capabilities for FSI analysis. The ANSYS model used in that study captures much of the FSI behavior, but does have some limitations for predicting the convective response of the waste and possibly the response of the waste in the knuckle region of the primary tank. While Dytran appears to have somewhat stronger capabilities for the analysis of the FSI behavior in the primary tank, it is more practical for the overall analysis to use ANSYS. Thus, Dytran served the purpose of helping to identify limitations in the ANSYS FSI analysis so that those limitations can be addressed in the structural evaluation of the primary tank. The limitations of ANSYS for predicting the details of the convective

MACKEY, T.C.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

191

Use of the time domain reflectrometry in hydraulic studies of multilayered landfill covers for closure of waste landfills at Los Alamos, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Los Alamos National Laboratory examined water balance relationships for four different landfill cover designs containing hydraulic and capillary engineered barriers. Seepage is being evaluated as a function of slope length for each plot, as well as interflow, runoff, and precipitation, using an automated water flow datalogging system that routinely collects hourly data. Soil water content within these 16 field plots has been routinely monitored four times a day since November 1991 using time domain reflectrometry techniques with an automated and multiplexed measurement system. Volumetric water content is measured with a pair of 60-cm-long waveguides at each of 212 locations. One set of waveguides was emplaced vertically in four locations in every soil layer to determine soil water inventory in each field plot. A second set of waveguides was emplaced horizontally in several soil layers to provide a more detailed picture of soil water dynamics close to soil layer interfaces. Field data is presented showing pulses of soil water moving through the soil and engineered barriers with high temporal and spatial resolution.

Nyhan, J.W.; Schofield, T.G.; Martin, C.E.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Neutron reflectometry characterization of interface width between sol-gel titanium dioxide and silicon dioxide thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry (NR) was used to directly measure the interface width between a titanium dioxide and a silicon dioxide film deposited by sol-gel processing. In a bilayer heated to 450 C, NR measurements showed that the interface width is 0.8 nm. This width is the same as the roughness of a sol-gel silicon dioxide surface after the same heat treatment, suggesting no interdiffusion or mixing at the bilayer interface.

Keddie, J.L.; Norton, L.J.; Kramer, E.J.; Giannelis, E.P. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

TIME DOMAIN MULTIPLE QUANTUM NMR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D. Wemmer, J. Tang and S. Sinton, Bull. Amer. Phys. Soc.G. Drobny, A. Pines, S. Sinton, D. P. Weitekamp and D.1977. 143. W. S. Warren, S. Sinton, D. P. Weitekamp and A.

Weitekamp, D.P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Neutron Reflectometry and QCM-D Study of the Interaction of Cellulase Enzymes with Films of Amorphous Cellulose  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improving the efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose is one of the key technological hurdles to reduce the cost of producing ethanol and other transportation fuels from lignocellulosic material. A better understanding of how soluble enzymes interact with insoluble cellulose will aid in the design of more efficient enzyme systems. We report a study involving neutron reflectometry (NR) and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) of the interaction of a commercial fungal enzyme extract (T. viride), two purified endoglucanses from thermophilic bacteria (Cel9A from A. acidocaldarius and Cel5A from T. maritima), and a mesophilic fungal endoglucanase (Cel45A from H. insolens) with amorphous cellulose films. The use of amorphous cellulose is motivated by the promise of ionic liquid pretreatment as a second generation technology that disrupts the native crystalline structure of cellulose. NR reveals the profile of water through the film at nm resolution, while QCM-D provides changes in mass and film stiffness. At 20 oC and 0.3 mg/ml, the T. viride cocktail rapidly digested the entire film, beginning from the surface followed by activity throughout the bulk of the film. For similar conditions, Cel9A and Cel5A were active for only a short period of time and only at the surface of the film, with Cel9A releasing 40 from the ~ 700 film and Cel5A resulting in only a slight roughening/swelling effect at the surface. Subsequent elevation of the temperature to the Topt in each case resulted in a very limited increase in activity, corresponding to the loss of an additional 60 from the film for Cel9A and 20 from the film for Cel5A, and very weak penetration into and digestion within the bulk of the film, before the activity again ceased. The results for Cel9A and Cel5A contrast sharply with results for Cel45A where very rapid and extensive penetration and digestion within the bulk of the film was observed at 20 C. We speculate that the large differences are due to the use of the thermophilic enzymes far below their optimal temperatures and also the presence of a cellulose binding module (CBM) on Cel45A while the thermophilic enzymes lack a CBM.

Halbert, Candice E [ORNL; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Kent, Michael S [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Jaclyn, Murton K [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Browning, Jim [ORNL; Cheng, Gang [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Liu, Zelin [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Majewski, Jaroslaw [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Supratim, Datta [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Michael, Jablin [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Bulent, Akgun [NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCRN), Gaithersburg, MD; Alan, Esker [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Simmons, Blake [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Subnanosecond single electron source in the time-domain A. Mah e (1) , F.D. Parmentier (1) , G. F eve (1) , J.-M. Berroir (1) , T. Kontos (1) ,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subnanosecond single electron source in the time-domain A. Mah#19;e (1) , F.D. Parmentier (1) , G of a single electron source similar to single photon sources in optics. On-demand single electron injection requiring accurate synchronization of two coherent single electron sources. We describe here experimental

Recanati, Catherine

196

High-pressure cell for neutron reflectometry of supercritical and subcritical fluids at solid interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new high-pressure cell design for use in neutron reflectometry (NR) for pressures up to 50 MPa and a temperature range of 300 473 K is described. The cell design guides the neutron beam through the working crystal without passing through additional windows or the bulk fluid, which provides for a high neutron transmission, low scattering background, and low beam distortion. The o-ring seal is suitable for a wide range of subcritical and supercritical fluids and ensures high chemical and pressure stability. Wafers with a diameter of 5.08 cm (2 in.) and 5 mm or 10 mm thickness can be used with the cells, depending on the required pressure and momentum transfer range. The fluid volume in the sample cell is very small at about 0.1 ml, which minimizes scattering background and stored energy. The cell design and pressure setup for measurements with supercritical fluids are described. NR data are shown for silicon/silicon oxide and quartz wafers measured against air and subsequently within the high-pressure cell to demonstrate the neutron characteristics of the high-pressure cell. Neutron reflectivity data for supercritical CO2 in contact with quartz and Si/SiO2 wafers are also shown.

Carmichael, Justin R [ORNL; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Browning, Jim [ORNL; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Banuelos, Jose Leo [ORNL; Anovitz, Lawrence {Larry} M [ORNL; Wesolowski, David J [ORNL; Cole, David [Ohio State University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The component groups structure of DPPC bilayers obtained by specular neutron reflectometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specular neutron reflectometry (SNR) was measured on a system of a floating bilayer consisting of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-d62-\\textit{sn}-glycero-3-phosphocholine (d62-diC16:0PC) deposited over a 1,2-dibehenoyl-\\textit{sn}-glycero-3-phosphocholine (diC22:0PC) bilayer at 25 and 55 {\\deg}C. The internal structure of lipid bilayers was described by a one dimensional scattering length density profile (SLDP) model, originally developed for the evaluation of small angle scattering data. The corresponding model reflectivity curves successfully describe the experimental reflectivity curves of a supported bilayer in the gel phase and a system of a floating bilayer in the liquid crystalline phase. The reflectivity data from the supported bilayer were evaluated individually and served further as an input by the data treatment of floating bilayer reflectivity curves. The results yield internal structure of a deposited and floating bilayer on the level of component groups of lipid molecules. The obtained structure of the floating d62-diC16:0PC bilayer displays high resemblance to the bilayer structure in the form of unilamellar vesicles, however, simultaneously it shows rate of fluctuations in comparison to unilamellar vesicle bilayers.

Michal Beli?ka; Yuri Gerelli; Norbert Ku?erka; Giovanna Fragneto

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

198

Interaction of silica nano-particles with a flat silica surface through neutron reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry (NR) was employed to study the interaction of nanosized silica particles with a flat silica surface in aqueous solutions. Unlike other experimental tools that are used to study surface interactions, NR can provide information on the particle density profile in the solution near the interface. Two types of silica particles (25 and 100 nm) were suspended in aqueous solutions of varying ionic strength. Theoretical calculations of the surface interaction potential between a particle and a flat silica surface using the Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory were compared to the experimental data. The theory predicts that the potential energy is highly dependent on the ionic strength. In high ionic strength solutions, NR reveals a high concentration of particles near the flat silica surface. Under the same conditions, theoretical calculations show an attractive force between a particle and a flat surface. For low ionic strength solutions, the particle concentration near the surface obtained from NR is the same as the bulk concentration, while depletion of particles near the surface is expected because of the repulsion predicted by the DLVO theory.

Chung, Eunhyea [Georgia Institute of Technology; Yiacoumi, Sotira [Georgia Institute of Technology; Halbert, Candice E [ORNL; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Wang, Wei [ORNL; Tsouris, Costas [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Neutron reflectometry reveals the internal structure of organic compounds deposited on aluminum oxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Organic carbon (OC) stabilization in soils plays a significant role in the global C cycle, therefore understanding the structure and function of the OC–soil mineral interface is of high importance. To study the interface, films of simple OC compounds and natural organic matter (NOM) were deposited onto a soil mineral analogue (Al2O3) using spin coating and were exposed to humidity. The thickness, density and structure of the films were studied using a depth-sensitive, nano-scale technique of neutron reflectometry. A single homogenous layer was observed when NOM and glucose (GL) were adsorbed onto Al2O3. However, when stearic acid (SA) was added to either NOM or GL, separate layers attributed to SA and either NOM or GL were detected. The formation of distinct, immiscible layers is due to insolubility of SA with NOM and GL. In contrast, GL and NOM are both water-soluble, and therefore soluble with each other, forming a homogenous layer on the mineral surface. Our results suggest that the extent of complex layering formed on the OC–mineral interface may depend on the relative solubility of the compounds.

Melanie Mayes; Sindhu Jagadamma; Haile Ambaye; Loukas Petridis; Valeria Lauter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Magnetic interlayer exchange coupling in epitaxial Fe/Si/Fe(001) studied by polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) has been used to investigate the magnetic interlayer coupling in a MBE-grown Fe/Si/Fe(001) sandwich at room temperature and at 10 K. Both the magnitude and orientation of the magnetic moments of the Fe layers are obtained from a rigorous analysis of the PNR data. Orthogonal configurations of the Fe magnetizations were observed, providing unambiguous evidence for the presence of a biquadratic term in the exchange coupling energy. The competition between the bilinear and biquadratic exchange couplings results in distinct orthogonal and antiparallel configurations of the Fe magnetizations at room temperature. A previously unresolved magnetic configuration in the room-temperature hysteresis curve was identified by the PNR measurements as a 180° spin-flop transition. The dominant role of the biquadratic coupling at low temperatures is evident from the orthogonal configuration of the magnetizations at remanence in the measurements at T=10 K. The magnetic configurations deduced by PNR are in good agreement with those obtained by fitting the magnetic hysteresis loops using a global energy minimum calculation.

R. W. E. van de Kruijs; M. Th. Rekveldt; H. Fredrikze; J. T. Kohlhepp; J. K. Ha; W. J. M. de Jonge

2002-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Magnetic-induction profile in a type-I superconductor by polarized-neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have used the technique of polarized-neutron reflectometry to study the magnetic-induction profile just beneath the surface of a 1-?m-thick film of lead with the magnetic field applied parallel to the surface. The sample was maintained at a temperature of 1.5 K throughout the experiment, and the applied field H was varied from below Hc, the bulk critical field, up to the critical field for surface superconductivity, Hc3. From the measurements with the lead film in the bulk superconducting phase (H

M. P. Nutley; A. T. Boothroyd; C. R. Staddon; D. MK. Paul; J. Penfold

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Steric Effects in Ionic Pairing and Polyelectrolyte Interdiffusion within Multilayered Films: A Neutron Reflectometry Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a series of polycations synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), we investigate the effects of the polymer charge density and hydrophobicity on salt-induced interdiffusion of polymer layers within polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) films. Polycations with two distinct hydrophobicities and various quaternization degrees (QPDMA and QPDEA) were derived from parent polymers of matched molecular weights poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDMA) and poly(2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDEA) by quaternization with either methyl or ethyl sulfate. Multilayers of these polycations with polystyrene sulfonate (PSS) were assembled in low-salt conditions, and annealed in NaCl solutions to induce layer intermixing. As revealed by neutron reflectometry (NR), polycations with lower charge density resulted in a faster decay of film structure with distance from the substrate. Interestingly, when comparing polymer mobility in QPDEA/PSS and QPDMA/PSS films, layer intermixing was faster in the case of more hydrophobic QPDEA as compared to QPDMA, because of the weaker ionic pairing (due to the presence of a bulky ethyl spacer) between QPDEA and PSS.

Xu, Li [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Sukhishvili, Prof. Svetlana A. [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Role of elastic bending stress on magnetism of a manganite thin film studied by polarized neutron reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We measured the magnetization depth profile of a (La{sub 1-x}Pr{sub x}){sub 1-y}Ca{sub y}MnO{sub 3} (x = 0.60 {+-} 0.04, y = 0.20 {+-} 0.03) film using polarized neutron reflectometry as a function of applied elastic bending stress and temperature. We found unequivocal and until now elusive direct evidence that the exclusive application of compressive or tensile bending stress along the magnetic easy axis increases or decreases, respectively, the saturation magnetization of the film. Furthermore, we obtained a coupling coefficient relating strain to the depth-dependent saturation magnetization.

Singh, S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Fitzsimmons, M. R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Lookman, T [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Jeen, Hyoung Jeen [ORNL; Biswas, A [University of Florida, Gainesville; Roldan Gutierrez, Manuel A [ORNL; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Application of off-specular polarized neutron reflectometry to measurements on an array of mesoscopic ferromagnetic disks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using off-specular polarized neutron reflectometry with neutron spin analysis, we determined the magnetic properties of a large array of in-plane magnetized ferromagnetic Co disks. Resonant peaks are clearly observed in the off-specular reflectivity, due to the lateral periodicity of the disk array. Using polarized neutrons, the intensity of the resonant peak in the off-specular reflectivity is studied as a function of the magnetic field applied in the sample plane. Spin analysis of the reflected neutrons reveals the magnetization reversal and saturation within the disks. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Temst, K.; Van Bael, M. J.; Fritzsche, H.

2001-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

205

Role of elastic bending stress on magnetism of a manganite thin film studied by polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We measured the magnetization depth profile of a (La1?xPrx)1?yCayMnO3 (x = 0.60 ± 0.04, y = 0.20 ± 0.03) film using polarized neutron reflectometry as a function of applied elastic bending stress and temperature. We found unequivocal and until now elusive direct evidence that the exclusive application of compressive or tensile bending stress along the magnetic easy axis increases or decreases, respectively, the saturation magnetization of the film. Furthermore, we obtained a coupling coefficient relating strain to the depth-dependent saturation magnetization.

Surendra Singh; M. R. Fitzsimmons; T. Lookman; H. Jeen; A. Biswas; M. A. Roldan; M. Varela

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

206

Neutron-reflectometry study of alcohol adsorption on various DLC coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coatings are notable for their excellent tribological properties. Our understanding of the lubrication of DLC coatings has improved drastically over the past decade. However, only a few details are known about the properties of the adsorbed layers on DLC, which crucially affect their tribological properties under lubricated conditions. In this work we used neutron reflectometry to determine the thickness and the density of adsorbed layers of alcohol molecules on several different types of DLC coatings, i.e., non-hydrogenated (a-C) and hydrogenated, of which both non-doped (a-C:H) and doped (a-C:H:F and a-C:H:Si) coatings were used. The results showed that a 0.9-nm-thick and relatively dense (?45%) layer of alcohol adsorbed on the a-C coating. In contrast, no adsorption layer was found on the a-C:H, confirming the important role of hydrogen, which predominantly acts as a dangling-bond passivation source and affects the reactivity and tribochemistry of DLC coatings. The incorporation of F into a DLC coating also did not cause an increase in the adsorption ability with respect to alcohol molecules. On the contrary, the incorporation of Si increased the reactivity of the DLC coating so that a 1.3-nm-thick alcohol layer with a 35% bulk density was detected on the surface. We also discuss the very good agreement of the current results with the surface energy of selected coatings found in these experiments.

M. Kalin; R. Simi?; T. Hirayama; T. Geue; P. Korelis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Examining chemical structure at the interface between a polymer binder and a pharmaceutical crystal with neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of many composites are determined in part by the chemical structure and bonding at the interface between constituents in the microstructure. The study of these interfaces in molecular crystal – polymer composites is difficult using traditional techniques such as electron microscopy or X-ray scattering because of weak or detrimental interactions between the probe and materials. Here, the interface between acetaminophen and a poly(ester urethane) copolymer is analyzed using ellipsometry, infrared spectroscopy, and neutron reflectometry. These materials were chosen for their relevance to pharmaceutical tablets and plastic-bonded explosives. The acetaminophen was shown to dissolve into the polymer coating and creates an interphase region between the two materials; this mixing is almost certainly produced by typical formulation conditions, and likely affects mechanical response of the composite. Additionally, reflectometry shows that plasticizing the polymer alters this interphase region. These techniques can be applied to similar composites to reveal the relation between formulation conditions, constituent interface microstructure characteristics, and bulk mechanical response.

J.D. Yeager; M. Dubey; M.J. Wolverton; M.S. Jablin; J. Majewski; D.F. Bahr; D.E. Hooks

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Eminent Domain Law (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations confer the power of eminent domain and describe procedures for exercising eminent domain in Iowa.

209

DMBC: Domain Names & Web Hosting Domain Names  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DMBC: Domain Names & Web Hosting Domain Names Top Level Domains · .com · .net · .org · .edu · .gov.9% of the web-viewing audience is used to typing in. Chances are, a visitor will type in ".com" even if you tell and simple · Try to avoid dashes or underscores in the domain name unless there is no other option Web

Stowell, Michael

210

Formalizing Synthetic Domain Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthetic Domain Theory (SDT) is a constructive variant of Domain Theory where all functions are continuous following Dana Scott‘s idea of “domains as sets”. Recently there have been suggested more abstract axiomatizations encompassing ... Keywords: LCF, domain theory, formal verification, programming logics, synthetic domain theory, type theory

Bernhard Reus

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Modification of ordinary-mode reflectometry system to detect lower-hybrid waves in Alcator C-Mod  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Backscattering experiments to detect lower-hybrid (LH) waves have been performed in Alcator C-Mod, using the two modified channels (60 GHz and 75 GHz) of an ordinary-mode reflectometry system with newly developed spectral recorders that can continuously monitor spectral power at a target frequency. The change in the baseline of the spectral recorder during the LH wave injection is highly correlated to the strength of the X-mode non-thermal electron cyclotron emission. In high density plasmas where an anomalous drop in the lower hybrid current drive efficiency is observed, the observed backscattered signals are expected to be generated near the last closed flux surface, demonstrating the presence of LH waves within the plasma. This experimental technique can be useful in identifying spatially localized LH electric fields in the periphery of high-density plasmas.

Baek, S. G.; Shiraiwa, S.; Parker, R. R.; Dominguez, A.; Marmar, E. S. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Kramer, G. J. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Deuterium absorption in Mg70Al30 thin films with bilayer catalysts: A comparative neutron reflectometry study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a neutron reflectometry study of deuterium absorption in thin films of Al-containing Mg alloys capped with a Ta/Pd, Ni/Pd and Ti/Pd-catalyst bilayer. The measurements were performed at room temperature over the 0–1 bar pressure range under quasi-equilibrium conditions. The modeling of the measurements provided a nanoscale representation of the deuterium profile in the layers at different stages of the absorption process. The absorption mechanism observed was found to involve spillover of atomic deuterium from the catalyst layer to the Mg alloy phase, followed by the deuteration of the Mg alloy. Complete deuteration of the Mg alloy occurs in a pressure range between 100 and 500 mbar, dependent on the type of bilayer catalyst. The use of a Ti/Pd bilayer catalyst yielded the best results in terms of both storage density and kinetic properties.

Eric Poirier; Chris T. Harrower; Peter Kalisvaart; Adam Bird; Anke Teichert; Dirk Wallacher; Nico Grimm; Roland Steitz; David Mitlin; Helmut Fritzsche

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A polarized neutron reflectometry study of the spin glass freezing in a 29 nm thick AuFe film  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We performed polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) experiments on a 29 nm thick Au93Fe7 film in a temperature range from 295 K down to 2 K in a vertical magnetic field up to 6 T. These high-field experiments were performed on the C5 spectrometer in Chalk River, Canada, using a split-pair cryomagnet. The magnetization as determined by PNR can be described with a Brillouin function from 295 K down to 50 K assuming the magnetic moment of isolated Fe atoms, i.e. 4 ? B per Fe atom. Below 50 K the onset of the spin-glass freezing is observed as a strong deviation from this Brillouin type behavior of isolated atoms.

H. Fritzsche; M. Saoudi; K. Temst; C. Van Haesendonck

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Interlayer magnetic coupling in Fe/MgO junctions characterized by vector magnetization measurements combined with polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry has been combined with vector magnetization measurements to analyze the reversal process of antiferromagnetically coupled Fe layers through an insulating MgO spacer. We show that the use of a simple micromagnetic model applied in a field range where the reversal process is reversible allows us to determine separately the magnetic characteristics of the layers such as the anisotropy, bilinear, and biquadratic coupling constants. Using this analysis technique, we can prove that in a Fe(001)/MgO/Fe trilayer with thicknesses 35 nm/0.6 nm/6 nm, the 90° configuration of the Fe layers occurring during the reversal mechanism is only related to the fourfold Fe anisotropy present in both layers without any biquadratic coupling.

C. Bellouard; J. Faure-Vincent; C. Tiusan; F. Montaigne; M. Hehn; V. Leiner; H. Fritzsche; M. Gierlings

2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

215

Non-standard Fickian self-diffusion of isotopically pure boron observed by neutron reflectometry and depth profiling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry (NR) studies of thin films of amorphous {sup 11}B/{sup 10}B on silicon indicate that a non-standard form of Fickian diffusion occurs across the boron interface upon annealing. In order to verify this observation, the samples were examined by neutron depth profiling (NDP). Comparison of the results from models of a step function, standard Fickian diffusion and Fickian diffusion with a fixed composition at the interface were made and compared to the previous NR results. The diffusion constant resulting from the non-standard Fickian model for the NDP data differs slightly from that obtained from the commonly used Fickian diffusion model and is not inconsistent with the NR results. This finding suggests that more information regarding diffusion at interfaces can be gained from these higher resolution neutron scattering techniques.

Baker, S.M.; Wu, K. [Harvey Mudd Coll., Claremont, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Smith, G.S.; Hubbard, K.M.; Nastasi, M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Downing, R.G.; Lamaze, G.P. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

216

Multi-Domain Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents several multi-domain system models. Multi-domain models are characterized by the fact that they have components belonging to different engineering domains. In this chapter, we will see mo...

Michael Tiller Ph.D.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 9, 481492, 2005 www.copernicus.org/EGU/hess/hess/9/481/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and civil engineering. Standard methods such as oven-drying are very time-consuming and destructive, neutron. The determination of moisture content with time-domain reflectometry (TDR) technology is based on measurements

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

218

Time resolved AC-polarized neutron reflectometry : a new method for studying the dynamical response of magnetic nanostructures.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Diese Dissertation beschreibt neue Methoden der Neutronenstreuung zur Untersuchung von Magnetisierungsdynamik und Domänenwandkinetik in dünnen Schichten, Heterostrukturen und spintronischen Materialen. Diese Methoden liefern Information über… (more)

Zhernenkov, Kirill

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Domain Walls, Triples and Acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a construction of domain walls in string theory. The domain walls can bridge both Minkowski and AdS string vacua. A key ingredient in the construction are novel classical Yang-Mills configurations, including instantons, which interpolate between toroidal Yang-Mills vacua. Our construction provides a concrete framework for the study of inflating metrics in string theory. In some cases, the accelerating space-time comes with a holographic description. The general form of the holographic dual is a field theory with parameters that vary over space-time.

Travis Maxfield; Savdeep Sethi

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

220

Characterization of oculomotor response to pseudorandom stimuli using time-domain analysis-effects of alcohol intoxication on smooth pursuit movements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introducing time delays through the use of lagged variables significantly improves the adjusted R values of the modeL ln fact, the first-order lagged variable improves the model more than introducing higher-order non-lagged terms. The smooth pursuit system... gender, and a number (e. g. F 1, M3). This thesi s follows the style of IEEE I'ransacrions on Biomedical Engineering. Hypotheses This is an exploratory study which will attempt to establish the validity of the following hypotheses: l. A model which...

Goldsberry, Dennis Hamilton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

High-Resolution Estimation of Near-Subsurface Water Content using Surface GPR Ground Wave Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scarce agricultural areas. Conventional measurements of water content (such as from time domain reflectometry [TDR], neutron probe or gravimetric techniques) are intrusive and provide information at a 'point' scale, which

Rubin, Yoram

222

Electrochemical modification of the passive oxide layer on a Ti film observed by in situ neutron reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Anodization and the effect of subsequently applying cathodic potential to a thin-film Ti electrode in an aqueous NaCl solution have been studied with in situ neutron reflectometry. This new technique provides further insight into the processes underlying anodic oxide formation and hydrogen absorption under cathodic polarization. The results (Pilling-Bedworth ratio, anodization ratio, the onset of fluctuations in electrode current under cathodic potential, etc.) are generally in agreement with the literature, but this new technique provides further insight into the electrochemical processes. The anodized oxide is observed to be not porous, and has the density of the rutile structure for its entire thickness. However, it comprises two distinct regions: an inner region similar in thickness and composition to the original air-grown oxide, and an outer region containing a significant amount of hydrogen. The similarity of the inner region to the original oxide suggests that the underlying oxide growth mechanism for Ti is the point-defect model. Under applied cathodic potentials the overall oxide thickness remains constant, but the inner region is gradually converted to a material similar in hydrogen content to the outer region. The onset of massive hydrogen penetration seems to occur when the conversion is complete, or when the inner region has been reduced to only a few atomic layers.

Tun, Z. [National Research Council, Chalk River, Ontario (Canada). Chalk River Labs.] [National Research Council, Chalk River, Ontario (Canada). Chalk River Labs.; Noeel, J.J.; Shoesmith, D.W. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Pinawa, Manitoba (Canada). Whiteshell Labs.] [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Pinawa, Manitoba (Canada). Whiteshell Labs.

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Interactions of Endoglucanases with Amorphous Cellulose Films Resolved by Neutron Reflectometry and Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation Monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the interaction of four endoglucanases with amorphous cellulose films by neutron reflectometry (NR) and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) is reported. The endoglucanases include a mesophilic fungal endoglucanase (Cel45A from H. insolens), a processive endoglucanase from a marine bacterium (Cel5H from S. degradans), and two from thermophilic bacteria (Cel9A from A. acidocaldarius and Cel5A from T. maritima). The use of amorphous cellulose is motivated by the promise of ionic liquid pretreatment as a second generation technology that disrupts the native crystalline structure of cellulose. The endoglucanases displayed highly diverse behavior. Cel45A and Cel5H, which possess carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs), penetrated and digested within the bulk of the films to a far greater extent than Cel9A and Cel5A, which lack CBMs. While both Cel45A and Cel5H were active within the bulk of the films, striking differences were observed. With Cel45A, substantial film expansion and interfacial broadening were observed, whereas for Cel5H the film thickness decreased with little interfacial broadening. These results are consistent with Cel45A digesting within the interior of cellulose chains as a classic endoglucanase, and Cel5H digesting predominantly at chain ends consistent with its designation as a processive endoglucanase.

Cheng, Gang [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Liu, Zelin [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Kent, Michael S [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Majewski, Jaroslaw [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Michael, Jablin [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Jaclyn, Murton K [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Halbert, Candice E [ORNL; Datta, Supratim [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Chao, Wang [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Brown, Page [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Size Effect in the Spin Glass Magnetization of Thin AuFe Films as Studied by Polarized Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We used polarized neutron reflectometry to determine the temperature dependence of the magnetization of thin AuFe films with 3% Fe concentration. We performed the measurements in a large magnetic field of 6 T in a temperature range from 295 to 2 K. For the films in the thickness range from 500 to 20 nm we observed a Brillouin-type behavior from 295 K down to 50 K and a constant magnetization of about 0.9?B per Fe atom below 30 K. However, for the 10 nm thick film we observed a Brillouin-type behavior down to 20 K and a constant magnetization of about 1.3?B per Fe atom below 20 K. These experiments are the first to show a finite-size effect in the magnetization of single spin-glass films in large magnetic fields. Furthermore, the ability to measure the deviation from the paramagnetic behavior enables us to prove the existence of the spin-glass state where other methods relying on a cusp-type behavior fail.

M. Saoudi; H. Fritzsche; G. J. Nieuwenhuys; M. B. S. Hesselberth

2008-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

225

Iron self-diffusion in amorphous FeZr?Fe57Zr multilayers measured by neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Self-diffusion of iron in Fe67naturalZr33?Fe6757Zr33 multilayers has been investigated by neutron reflectometry. The as-deposited multilayer is amorphous in nature. It remains amorphous up to a temperature of 573K and thereafter nanocrystallizes with an average grain size of 6nm. The self-diffusion in the multilayers has been measured after isothermal vacuum annealing below the nanocrystallization temperature by monitoring the decay of the intensity of the first order Bragg peak, arising due to the isotopic periodicity. It has been found that the diffusivity at different temperatures follows an Arrhenius-type behavior with the preexponential factor D0=5×10?18±1m2s?1 and the activation energy E=0.38±0.05eV, respectively. These values of E and D0 follow the well-known E–D0 correlation and on the basis of this correlation it is suggested that diffusion mechanism in the present case is not highly collective but involves a rather small group of atoms.

Mukul Gupta; Ajay Gupta; J. Stahn; M. Horisberger; T. Gutberlet; P. Allenspach

2004-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

226

REGULAR ARTICLE Small-scale variability in water storage and plant available  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

domain reflectometry, neutron thermalization and gamma ray densitometry. Changes in water content were

Schwinning, Susan - Department of Biology, Texas State University

227

Detecting Networks Employing Algorithmically Generated Domain Names  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and hence has no com- mon IP address or a common domain name. Let ip = I be the total number of IP-addresses that are present after the F1 stage. and let d = D be total number of domain names that are present after the F1 stage. The vertices of graph G... for the second level domain name of xyz.com. At times a few of the IP addresses would end up in this component class because of a shortage in the 27 analysis period, given enough time ideally all the IP addresses (hosting server) of a single business unit...

Ashwath Kumar Krishna Reddy

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

228

Domain walls riding the wave.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a rapid proliferation of electronic gadgets around the world. These devices are used for both communication and entertainment, and it is a fact that they account for a growing portion of household energy consumption and overall world consumption of electricity. Increasing the energy efficiency of these devices could have a far greater and immediate impact than a gradual switch to renewable energy sources. The advances in the area of spintronics are therefore very important, as gadgets are mostly comprised of memory and logic elements. Recent developments in controlled manipulation of magnetic domains in ferromagnet nanostructures have opened opportunities for novel device architectures. This new class of memories and logic gates could soon power millions of consumer electronic devices. The attractiveness of using domain-wall motion in electronics is due to its inherent reliability (no mechanical moving parts), scalability (3D scalable architectures such as in racetrack memory), and nonvolatility (retains information in the absence of power). The remaining obstacles in widespread use of 'racetrack-type' elements are the speed and the energy dissipation during the manipulation of domain walls. In their recent contribution to Physical Review Letters, Oleg Tretiakov, Yang Liu, and Artem Abanov from Texas A&M University in College Station, provide a theoretical description of domain-wall motion in nanoscale ferromagnets due to the spin-polarized currents. They find exact conditions for time-dependent resonant domain-wall movement, which could speed up the motion of domain walls while minimizing Ohmic losses. Movement of domain walls in ferromagnetic nanowires can be achieved by application of external magnetic fields or by passing a spin-polarized current through the nanowire itself. On the other hand, the readout of the domain state is done by measuring the resistance of the wire. Therefore, passing current through the ferromagnetic wire is the preferred method, as it combines manipulation and readout of the domain-wall state. The electrons that take part in the process of readout and manipulation of the domain-wall structure in the nanowire do so through the so-called spin transfer torque: When spin-polarized electrons in the ferromagnet nanowire pass through the domain wall they experience a nonuniform magnetization, and they try to align their spins with the local magnetic moments. The force that the electrons experience has a reaction force counterpart that 'pushes' the local magnetic moments, resulting in movement of the domain wall in the direction of the electron flow through the spin-transfer torque. The forces between the electrons and the local magnetic moments in the ferromagnet also create additional electrical resistance for the electrons passing through the domain wall. By measuring resistance across a segment of the nanowire, one determines if a domain wall is present; i.e., one can read the stored information. The interaction of the spin-polarized electrons with the domain wall in the ferromagnetic nanowire is not very efficient. Even for materials achieving high polarization of the free electrons, it is very difficult to move the magnetic domain wall. Several factors contribute to this problem, with imperfections of the ferromagnetic nanowire that cause domain-wall pinning being the dominant one. Permalloy nanowires, one of the best candidates for domain-wall-based memory and logic devices, require current densities of the order of 10{sup 8} A/cm{sup 2} in order to move a domain wall from a pinning well. Considering that this current has to pass through a relatively long wire, it is not very difficult to imagine that most of the energy will go to Joule heating. The efficiency of the process - the ratio of the energy converted to domain-wall motion to the total energy consumed - is comparable to that of an incandescent light bulb converting electricity to light. A step towards more efficient domain-wall-based memory devices is the advance of using alternating currents or curren

Karapetrov, G.; Novosad, V.; Materials Science Division

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Polarised neutron reflectometry study of Co/CoO exchange-biased multilayers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated via SQUID magnetometry and polarised neutron reflectivity the exchange-bias effect in CoO/Co sputtered multilayers. In particular, we studied the magnetisation reversal and the time relaxa...

F. Radu; M. Etzkorn; V. Leiner; T. Schmitte; A. Schreyer…

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Eminent Domain Rights (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Developers of certain facilities, including dams to be used for hydropower, natural gas companies, wastewater systems, and coal pipelines, may be eligible to exercise eminent domain powers in...

231

Study of cavity type antenna structure of large-area 915 MHz ultra-high frequency wave plasma device based on three-dimensional finite difference time-domain analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A large-area planar plasma source with a resonant cavity type launcher driven by a 915 MHz ultra-high frequency wave was developed. Theoretical analysis with the three-dimensional finite difference time-domain simulation was carried out to determine the optimized launcher structure by analyzing the resonant transverse magnetic mode in the resonant cavity. Numerical result expects that the resonant electric field distribution inside the cavity dominantly consists of the TM{sub 410} mode. The resonant cavity type launcher having 8 holes in an octagonal geometry was designed to fit the resonant transverse magnetic mode. Adjusting 8 hole positions of the launcher to the field pattern of the resonant TM{sub 410} mode, we found that the plasma density increased about 40%?50% from 1.0?1.1 × 10{sup 11} cm{sup ?3} to ?1.5 × 10{sup 11} cm{sup ?3} at the same incident power of 2.5 kW, compared with the previous results with the launcher having 6 holes in the hexagonal geometry. It is also noted that the electron density changes almost linearly with the incident wave power without any mode jumps.

Chang, Xijiang [Department of Light Sources and Illuminating Engineering, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433 (China) [Department of Light Sources and Illuminating Engineering, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433 (China); Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Johoku, Hamamatsu 432-8561 (Japan); Kunii, Kazuki [Graduate School of Engineering, Shizuoka University,3-5-1 Johoku, Hamamatsu 432-8561 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Engineering, Shizuoka University,3-5-1 Johoku, Hamamatsu 432-8561 (Japan); Liang, Rongqing [Department of Light Sources and Illuminating Engineering, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433 (China)] [Department of Light Sources and Illuminating Engineering, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433 (China); Nagatsu, Masaaki [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Johoku, Hamamatsu 432-8561 (Japan) [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Johoku, Hamamatsu 432-8561 (Japan); Graduate School of Engineering, Shizuoka University,3-5-1 Johoku, Hamamatsu 432-8561 (Japan)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

232

Effects of strain and buffer layer on interfacial magnetization in Sr2CrReO6 films determined by polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have determined the depth-resolved magnetization structures of a series of highly ordered Sr2CrReO6 (SCRO) ferrimagnetic epitaxial films via combined studies of x-ray reflectometry, polarized neutron reflectometry, and superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry. The SCRO films deposited directly on (LaAlO3)0.3(Sr2AlTaO6)0.7 or SrTiO3 substrates show reduced magnetization of similar width near the interfaces with the substrates, despite having different degrees of strain. When the SCRO film is deposited on a SrCr0.5Nb0.5O3 (SCNO) double perovskite buffer layer, the width of the interfacial region with reduced magnetization is decreased. However, the relative reduction of the magnetization averaged over the interfacial regions is comparable among the three samples. Interestingly, we found that the magnetization suppression region is wider than the Cr/Re antisite disorder region at the interface between SCRO and SCNO.

Yaohua Liu; J. M. Lucy; A. Glavic; H. Ambaye; V. Lauter; F. Y. Yang; S. G. E. te Velthuis

2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

233

MEASUREMENT OF THE SHOCK-HEATED MELT CURVE OF LEAD USING PYROMETRY AND REFLECTOMETRY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data on the high-pressure melting temperatures of metals is of great interest in several fields of physics including geophysics. Measuring melt curves is difficult but can be performed in static experiments (with laser-heated diamond-anvil cells for instance) or dynamically (i.e., using shock experiments). However, at the present time, both experimental and theoretical results for the melt curve of lead are at too much variance to be considered definitive. As a result, we decided to perform a series of shock experiments designed to provide a measurement of the melt curve of lead up to about 50 GPa in pressure. At the same time, we developed and fielded a new reflectivity diagnostic, using it to make measurements on tin. The results show that the melt curve of lead is somewhat higher than the one previously obtained with static compression and heating techniques.

D. Partouche-Sebban and J. L. Pelissier, Commissariat a` l'Energie Atomique,; F. G. Abeyta, Los Alamos National Laboratory; W. W. Anderson, Los Alamos National Laboratory; M. E. Byers, Los Alamos National Laboratory; D. Dennis-Koller, Los Alamos National Laboratory; J. S. Esparza, Los Alamos National Laboratory; S. D. Borror, Bechtel Nevada; C. A. Kruschwitz, Bechtel Nevada

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Trapping of Implanted He at Cu/Nb Interfaces Measured by Neutron Reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In single crystalline metals, He is insoluble and precipitates into bubbles. In contrast, Cu-Nb multilayers show no evidence of bubble formation below a critical concentration. The conclusions of this paper are: (1) He is trapped at Cu/Nb , Cu/Mo interfaces; (2) He is trapped interstitially; (3) The interface swells {approx} 10 times; and (4) The layered structure retains despite the swell of interfaces.

Wang, Peng [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhernenkov, Mikhail [Applications Scientist at Nanometrics; Kashinath, Abishek [MIT; Demkowicz, Michael [MIT; Baldwin, Jon K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Majewski, Jaroslaw [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

235

One Work Analysis, Two Domains: A Display Information Requirements Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Work domain analyses can be time consuming, requiring extensive interviews, documentation review, and observations, among other techniques. Given the time and resources required, we examine how to generalize a work domain ...

Cummings, M. L.

236

Dynamics of Domain Wall Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Networks or webs of domain walls are admitted in Abelian or non-Abelian gauge theory coupled to fundamental Higgs fields with complex masses. We examine the dynamics of the domain wall loops by using the moduli approximation and find a phase rotation induces a repulsive force which can be understood as a Noether charge of Q-solitons. Non-Abelian gauge theory allows different types of loops which can be deformed to each other by changing a modulus. This admits the moduli geometry like a sandglass made by gluing the tips of the two cigar-(cone-)like metrics of a single triangle loop. We conclude that the sizes of all loops tend to grow for a late time in general models with complex Higgs masses, while the sizes are stabilized at some values once triplet masses are introduced for the Higgs fields. We also show that the stationary motion on the moduli space of the domain wall webs represents 1/4 BPS Q-webs of walls.

Minoru Eto; Toshiaki Fujimori; Takayuki Nagashima; Muneto Nitta; Keisuke Ohashi; Norisuke Sakai

2007-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

237

Dynamics of domain wall networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Networks or webs of domain walls are admitted in Abelian or non-Abelian gauge theory coupled to fundamental Higgs fields with complex masses. We examine the dynamics of the domain wall loops by using the moduli approximation and find a phase rotation induces a repulsive force which can be understood as a Noether charge of Q-solitons. Non-Abelian gauge theory allows different types of loops which can be deformed to each other by changing a modulus. This admits the moduli geometry like a sandglass made by gluing the tips of the two cigar-(cone-)like metrics of a single triangle loop. We conclude that the sizes of all loops tend to grow for a late time in general models with complex Higgs masses, while the sizes are stabilized at some values once triplet masses are introduced for the Higgs fields. We also show that the stationary motion on the moduli space of the domain wall webs represents 1/4 Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield Q-webs of walls.

Eto, Minoru [INFN, Sezione di Pisa, Largo Pontecorvo, 3, Ed. C, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Department of Physics, University of Pisa Largo Pontecorvo, 3, Ed. C, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Fujimori, Toshiaki; Nagashima, Takayuki; Sakai, Norisuke [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Nitta, Muneto [Department of Physics, Keio University, Hiyoshi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8521 (Japan); Ohashi, Keisuke [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Model approach to solving the inverse problem of X-ray reflectometry and its application to the study of the internal structure of hafnium oxide films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The key features of the inverse problem of X-ray reflectometry (i.e., the reconstruction of the depth profile of the dielectric constant using an experimental angular dependence of reflectivity) are discussed and essential factors leading to the ambiguity of its solution are analyzed. A simple approach to studying the internal structure of HfO{sub 2} films, which is based on the application of a physically reasonable model, is considered. The principles for constructing a film model and the criteria for choosing a minimal number of fitting parameters are discussed. It is shown that the ambiguity of the solution to the inverse problem is retained even for the simplest single-film models. Approaches allowing one to pick out the most realistic solution from several variants are discussed.

Volkov, Yu. O., E-mail: neko.crys@gmail.com; Kozhevnikov, I. V.; Roshchin, B. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Filatova, E. O. [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)] [St. Petersburg State University, Fock Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Asadchikov, V. E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Optical properties of boron carbide near the boron K edge evaluated by soft-x-ray reflectometry from a Ru/B4C multilayer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soft-x-ray Bragg reflection from two Ru/B4C multilayers with 10 and 63 periods was used for independent determination of both real and imaginary parts of the refractive index n = 1 -{delta} + i{beta} close to the boron K edge ({approx}188 eV). Prior to soft x-ray measurements, the structural parameters of the multilayers were determined by x-ray reflectometry using hard x rays. For the 63-period sample, the optical properties based on the predictions made for elemental boron major deviations were found close to the K edge of boron for the 10-period sample explained by chemical bonding of boron to B4C and various boron oxides.

Ksenzov, Dmitriy; Panzner, Tobias; Schlemper, Christoph; Morawe, Christian; Pietsch, Ullrich

2009-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

240

Co-adsorption of ?-casein and calcium phosphate nanoclusters (CPN) at hydrophilic and hydrophobic solid–solution interfaces studied by neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry was used to study the co-adsorption of calcium phosphate nanoclusters (CPN) and ?-casein at hydrophobized and hydrophilic silica–water interfaces. The structural characteristics of the adsorbed layer were determined from neutron reflectivity curves analysed with multi-layer optical models. We used a highly specific proteolytic enzyme, endoproteinase Asp-N in conjunction with a single neutron contrast to verify the model of the protein layer structure. The results showed that the calcium phosphate nanoclusters profoundly affected the rate of adsorption and structure of the interface compared to the adsorption of ?-casein alone and for the hydrophobic interface the effects depended on the point at which the nanoclusters were added. It is proposed that the nanoclusters become surface active because whole ?-casein molecules can replace one or more of the hydrophilic peptides in the shell of the nanoclusters.

David Follows; Carl Holt; Robert K. Thomas; Fredrik Tiberg; Giovanna Fragneto; Tommy Nylander

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Are sprayed LbL-films stratified? A first assessment of the nanostructure of spray-assembled multilayers by neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe first neutron reflectometry experiments on spray-assembled polyelectrolyte multilayer films containing regularly spaced layers of perdeuterated poly(styrene sulfonate). From samples containing either only non-deuterated layers or containing a maximum of deuterated layers we obtain all model parameters (thicknesses, scattering length densities and roughnesses) required for calculating the reflectivities of multilayer films with a regular superlattice structure. For two different superlattice films we show that we obtain an excellent match between experimental data and calculated reflectivities without any free fit parameter. Our data clearly demonstrate that spray-assembled polyelectrolyte multilayers are indeed stratified although some structural parameters differ enormously from films prepared by classic dipping. Our present experiments confirm a substantial difference in thickness and suggest a reduced interfacial roughness in spray-assembled films.

Olivier Félix; Zhiqiang Zheng; Fabrice Cousin; Gero Decher

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Complementary polarized neutron and resonant x-ray magnetic reflectometry measurements in Fe/Gd heterostructures : case of inhomogeneous intralayer magnetic structure.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unified approach combining polarized neutron and resonant x-ray magnetic reflectometry has been applied to determine the magnetic structure in an [Fe(35 {angstrom})/Gd(50 {angstrom})]{sub 5} multilayer as a function of temperature and magnetic field. Simultaneous self-consistent refinement of neutron and x-ray data made it possible to resolve the element-specific magnetization profile in the multilayer with unprecedented accuracy. It is shown that the small number of bilayer periods together with the asymmetric termination (Fe-top, Gd-bottom) lead to unique low-temperature magnetic phases characterized by significant twisting of Fe and Gd magnetic moments and nonuniform distribution of vectorial magnetization within Gd layers. A twisted magnetic state was found to be stable at small magnetic fields and at a low temperature of 20 K, which is well below the compensation temperature of this artificial ferrimagnetic system.

Kravtsov, E.; Haskel, D.; teVelthuis, S. G. E.; Jiang, J. S.; Kirby, B. J.; NIST Center for Neutron Research

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Domain boundary prediction based on profile domain linker propensity index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Successful prediction of protein domain boundaries provides valuable information not only for the computational structure prediction of multi-domain proteins but also for the experimental structure determination. In this work, a novel index at the profile ... Keywords: Domain, Domain linker, Profile

Qiwen Dong; Xiaolong Wang; Lei Lin; Zhiming Xu

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Characterization of the Decaheme c-Type Cytochrome OmcA in Solution and on Hematite Surfaces by Small Angle X-Ray Scattering and Neutron Reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The outer membrane protein OmcA is an 85 kDa decaheme c-type cytochrome located on the surface of the dissimilatory metal-reducing bacterium Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. It is assumed to mediate shuttling of electrons to extracellular acceptors that include solid metal oxides such as hematite (a-Fe2O3). No information is yet available concerning OmcA structure in physiologically relevant conditions such as aqueous environments. We purified OmcA and characterized its solution structure by small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS), and its interaction at the hematite-water interface by neutron reflectometry. SAXS showed that OmcA is a monomer that adopts a flat ellipsoidal shape with an overall dimension of 34 x 90 x 65A? 3. To our knowledge, we obtained the first direct evidence that OmcA undergoes a redox state-dependent conformational change in solution whereby reduction decreases the overall length of OmcA by ~7 A? (the maximum dimension was 96 A? for oxidized OmcA, and 89 A? for NADH and dithionite-reduced OmcA). OmcA was also found to physically interact with electron shuttle molecules such as flavin mononucleotide, resulting in the formation of high-molecular-weight assemblies. Neutron reflectometry showed that OmcA forms a well-defined monomolecular layer on hematite surfaces, where it assumes an orientation that maximizes its contact area with the mineral surface. These novel insights into the molecular structure of OmcA in solution, and its interaction with insoluble hematite and small organic ligands, demonstrate the fundamental structural bases underlying OmcA’s role in mediating redox processes.

Johs, Alexander; Shi, Liang; Droubay, Timothy C.; Ankner, John F.; Liang, L.

2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

245

Wafer characteristics via reflectometry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Various exemplary methods (800, 900, 1000, 1100) are directed to determining wafer thickness and/or wafer surface characteristics. An exemplary method (900) includes measuring reflectance of a wafer and comparing the measured reflectance to a calculated reflectance or a reflectance stored in a database. Another exemplary method (800) includes positioning a wafer on a reflecting support to extend a reflectance range. An exemplary device (200) has an input (210), analysis modules (222-228) and optionally a database (230). Various exemplary reflectometer chambers (1300, 1400) include radiation sources positioned at a first altitudinal angle (1308, 1408) and at a second altitudinal angle (1312, 1412). An exemplary method includes selecting radiation sources positioned at various altitudinal angles. An exemplary element (1650, 1850) includes a first aperture (1654, 1854) and a second aperture (1658, 1858) that can transmit reflected radiation to a fiber and an imager, respectfully.

Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

246

Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package | Argonne National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package The Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package project will develop methods and implement a novel approach for generating data ensembles by using the latest available statistical modeling tools and knowledge of relevant physical and chemical process to develop climatologically aware methods for processing ACRF and other spatially sparse data sets. Data collected at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility (ACRF) sites are employed mainly in column radiation models, to validate the models and develop new parameterizations. Currently, no single methodology can be used with data collected at the spatial scale of the ACRF sites or from specific AmeriFlux locations, to

247

One Work Analysis, Two Domains: A Display Information Requirements Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

d observations, among other techniques. Given the time and resources required, we examine how to generalize a work domain analysis technique, namely the hybrid Cognitive Task Analysis (hCTA) method across two domains in ...

Cummings, M. L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Stability analysis of polarized domains Jos'e A. Miranda and Michael Widom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the magnetization and fl the line tension (essentially h times the surface tension). Jackson, Goldstein Stability analysis of polarized domains Jos'e A. Miranda and Michael Polarized ferrofluids, lipid monolayers and magnetic bubbles form domains with deformable boundaries

Widom, Michael

249

Polarized neutron reflectometry from the interface of the heterostructures SiO2(Co)/Si and SiO2(Co)/GaAs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry is used to investigate SiO2(Co) granular films (70 at% of Co nanoparticles in SiO2 matrix) deposited on Si and GaAs substrates. The aim of the study is to compare magnetization depth profiles in two systems: in SiO2(Co)/GaAs heterostructure which shows at room temperature giant injection magnetoresistance (IMR) with the system SiO2(Co)/Si which reveals almost no IMR effect. We found that at room temperature and at the same value of external magnetic field mean magnetization in the SiO2(Co)/GaAs sample is much higher than in the case of SiO2(Co)/Si. We also demonstrate that magnetic scattering length density, and hence, magnetization profile strongly depends on the substrate. We show that SiO2(Co)/Si heterostructure is ferromagnetically ordered within the temperature range between 120 and 460 K what could explain a weak IMR.

Ekaterina A. Dyadkina; Natalia A. Grigoryeva; Alexey A. Vorobiev; Sergey V. Grigoriev; Leonid V. Lutsev; Kirill Zhernenkov; Maximilian Wolff; Dieter Lott; Alexander I. Stognij; Nicolay N. Novitskii; Boris P. Toperverg

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Characterization of the Decaheme c-type Cytochrome OmcA in Solution and on Hematite Surfaces by Small Angle X-ray Scattering and Neutron Reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The outer membrane protein OmcA is an 85 kDa decaheme c-type cytochrome located on the surface of the dissimilatory metal reducing bacterium Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. It is assumed to mediate electron shuttling, generated by the bacteria s metabolism, to extracellular acceptors that include solid metal oxides such as hematite ( -Fe2O3). To investigate the mechanism by which OmcA interacts with hematite, we purified OmcA and characterized its solution structure by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and its interaction with hematite by neutron reflectometry (NR). SAXS results showed that OmcA is a monomer that adopts a flat ellipsoidal shape with a dimension of 3.4 9.0 6.5 nm3. Changes in redox state affect OmcA conformation. In addition, OmcA interacts with small organic ligands known to act as electron shuttle molecules, such as flavin mononucleotide (FMN), resulting in the formation of high molecular weight assemblies. A model system, developed using NR to study the interaction of OmcA with hematite, shows that OmcA forms a well-defined monomolecular layer on hematite surfaces. This allows OmcA to preferentially interact with hematite in a conformation that maximizes its contact area with the mineral surface. Overall, these results provide experimental and quantitative evidence for OmcA reduction of solid metal oxides involving both direct and indirect mechanisms.

Johs, Alexander [ORNL; Shi, Liang [ORNL; Droubay, Timothy [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Liang, Liyuan [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Fractal analysis of time varying data  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Characteristics of time varying data, such as an electrical signal, are analyzed by converting the data from a temporal domain into a spatial domain pattern. Fractal analysis is performed on the spatial domain pattern, thereby producing a fractal dimension D.sub.F. The fractal dimension indicates the regularity of the time varying data.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Sadana, Ajit (Oxford, MS)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Domain walls in SU(5)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the grand unified SU(5) model with a small or vanishing cubic term in the adjoint scalar field in the potential. This gives the model an approximate or exact Z2 symmetry whose breaking leads to domain walls. The simplest domain wall has the structure of a kink across which the Higgs field changes sign (??-?) and inside which the full SU(5) is restored. The kink is shown to be perturbatively unstable for all parameters. We then construct a domain wall solution that is lighter than the kink and show it to be perturbatively stable for a range of parameters. The symmetry in the core of this domain wall is smaller than that outside. The interactions of the domain wall with magnetic monopoles are discussed and it is shown that magnetic monopoles with certain internal space orientations relative to the wall pass through the domain wall. Magnetic monopoles in other relative internal space orientations are likely to be swept away on collision with the domain walls, suggesting a scenario where the domain walls might act like optical polarization filters, allowing certain monopole “polarizations” to pass through but not others. As SU(5) domain walls will also be formed at small values of the cubic coupling, this leads to a very complicated picture of the evolution of defects after the grand unified phase transition.

Levon Pogosian and Tanmay Vachaspati

2000-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

253

Domain Walls in Gapped Graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic properties of a particular class of domain walls in gapped graphene are investigated. We show that they can support midgap states which are localized in the vicinity of the domain wall and propagate along its length. With a finite density of domain walls, these states can alter the electronic properties of gapped graphene significantly. If the midgap band is partially filled, the domain wall can behave like a one-dimensional metal embedded in a semiconductor and could potentially be used as a single-channel quantum wire.

G. W. Semenoff; V. Semenoff; Fei Zhou

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

254

Study of the [(Co45Fe45Zr10)x(Al2O3)100?x/a-Si:H]m multilayer nanostructure by polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectometry was used to investigate the amorphous multilayer nanostructures [(Co45Fe45Zr10)x(Al2O3)100?x/a-Si:H]m, whose magnetic properties are dependent on the concentration of the magnetic constituent (x=34, 47 and 60 at%) as well as on the thicknesses of the metal-dielectric (Co45Fe45Zr10)x(Al2O3)100?x and semiconductor a-Si:H layers. The average magnetization of the individual magnetic layer is found to be inhomogeneous with the magnetically active central part and two magnetically dead parts at the interfaces.

E.A. Dyadkina; S.V. Grigoriev; D. Lott; A.V. Sitnikov; Y.E. Kalinin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Domain lines as fractional strings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider N=2 supersymmetric quantum electrodynamics with two flavors, the Fayet-Iliopoulos parameter, and a mass term ? which breaks the extended supersymmetry down to N=1. The bulk theory has two vacua; at ?=0 the Bogomol’nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) monopoles-saturated domain wall interpolating between them has a moduli space parameterized by a U(1) phase ? which can be promoted to a scalar field in the effective low-energy theory on the wall world-volume. At small nonvanishing ? this field gets a sine-Gordon potential. As a result, only two discrete degenerate BPS domain walls survive. We find an explicit solitonic solution for domain lines—stringlike objects living on the surface of the domain wall which separate wall I from wall II. The domain line is seen as a BPS kink in the world-volume effective theory. We expect that the wall with the domain line on it saturates both the {1,0} and the {12,12} central charges of the bulk theory. The domain line carries a magnetic flux which is exactly 12 of the flux carried by the flux tube living in the bulk on each side of the wall. Thus, the domain lines on the wall confine charges living on the wall, resembling Polyakov’s three-dimensional confinement.

R. Auzzi; M. Shifman; A. Yung

2006-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

256

Domain Lines as Fractional Strings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider N=2 supersymmetric quantum electrodynamics (SQED) with 2 flavors, the Fayet--Iliopoulos parameter, and a mass term $\\beta$ which breaks the extended supersymmetry down to N=1. The bulk theory has two vacua; at $\\beta=0$ the BPS-saturated domain wall interpolating between them has a moduli space parameterized by a U(1) phase $\\sigma$ which can be promoted to a scalar field in the effective low-energy theory on the wall world-volume. At small nonvanishing $\\beta$ this field gets a sine-Gordon potential. As a result, only two discrete degenerate BPS domain walls survive. We find an explicit solitonic solution for domain lines -- string-like objects living on the surface of the domain wall which separate wall I from wall II. The domain line is seen as a BPS kink in the world-volume effective theory. We expect that the wall with the domain line on it saturates both the $\\{1,0\\}$ and the $\\{{1/2},{1/2}\\}$b central charges of the bulk theory. The domain line carries the magnetic flux which is exactly 1/2 of the flux carried by the flux tube living in the bulk on each side of the wall. Thus, the domain lines on the wall confine charges living on the wall, resembling Polyakov's three-dimensional confinement.

R. Auzzi; M. Shifman; A. Yung

2006-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

257

A fourth-order symplectic finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method for light scattering and a 3D Monte Carlo code for radiative transfer in scattering systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as Fig. 1. The center of the spherical particle is chosen as the origin. The size parameter is defined as: X = ka = 2piNa? . (2.26) A time-harmonic electromagnetic field (E,H) in a linear, isotropic, homogeneous medium satisfies the vector wave equation... as Fig. 1. The center of the spherical particle is chosen as the origin. The size parameter is defined as: X = ka = 2piNa? . (2.26) A time-harmonic electromagnetic field (E,H) in a linear, isotropic, homogeneous medium satisfies the vector wave equation...

Zhai, Pengwang

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

258

Domain assignments for FSSP representative set using DomainParser  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Domain assignments for the FSSP representative set Domain assignments for the FSSP representative set The following are the domain assignments for the FSSP representative set (released on January 31, 2000, 1987 chains in total) using DomainParser. Each line shows a PDB entry (with a chain identifier if any), total number of residues, number of domains, and domain assignments. The result is obtained fully automatically without manual editing. 12asa 327 2 (33-86; 271-288) (4-32; 87-270; 289-330) 153l 185 1 16pk 415 2 (5-205; 409-419) (206-408) 16vpa 311 2 (47-130; 164-233; 324-349) (131-163; 234-323; 395-402) 1914 171 1 19hca 292 2 (45-107) (1-44; 108-292) 1a02f 53 1 1a02j 52 1 1a02n 280 2 (399-569) (570-678) 1a04a 205 2 (5-126) (127-216) 1a0aa 63 1 1a0ca 437 1 1a0fa 201 2 (1-81) (82-201) 1a0ha 159 1 1a0i 332 2 (2-239) (240-349)

259

Collaborative Networks for Biodiversity Domain Organizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, conservation groups, etc., referred to in this paper as BOs (Biodiversity-domain OrganizationsCollaborative Networks for Biodiversity Domain Organizations Ekaterina Ermilova, Hamideh, operating in the domains of biology, ecology, and biodiversity, strongly need to cooperate

Boyer, Edmond

260

Identification of new functions for BRCT domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our lab identified the tandem BRCT domains of PTIP function as a DNA damage responsive phospho binding domain that recognizes proteins phosphorylated by ATM and ATR after DNA damage. The PTIP tandem BRCT domains are ...

Mohammad, Duaa H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Invariant time-series factorization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time-series analysis is an important domain of machine learning and a plethora of methods have been developed for the task. This paper proposes a new representation of time series, which in contrast to existing approaches, decomposes a time-series dataset ... Keywords: Data mining, Time-series classification, Time-series factorization

Josif Grabocka; Lars Schmidt-Thieme

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Quantum theory of optical coherence of nonstationary light in the space-frequency domain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Classical theories of coherence for statistically stationary, as well as, nonstationary optical fields are frequently discussed both in the space-time and in the space-frequency domains. However, the quantum treatment of coherence theory is generally carried out in the space-time domain. In this paper, we present a quantum-mechanical theory of first-order coherence for statistically nonstationary light in the space-frequency domain.

Lahiri, Mayukh [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Wolf, Emil [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

RAPID: A Reachable Anytime Planner for Imprecisely-sensed Domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite the intractability of generic optimal partially observable Markov decision process planning, there exist important problems that have highly structured models. Previous researchers have used this insight to construct more efficient algorithms for factored domains, and for domains with topological structure in the flat state dynamics model. In our work, motivated by findings from the education community relevant to automated tutoring, we consider problems that exhibit a form of topological structure in the factored dynamics model. Our Reachable Anytime Planner for Imprecisely-sensed Domains (RAPID) leverages this structure to efficiently compute a good initial envelope of reachable states under the optimal MDP policy in time linear in the number of state variables. RAPID performs partially-observable planning over the limited envelope of states, and slowly expands the state space considered as time allows. RAPID performs well on a large tutoring-inspired problem simulation with 122 state variables, cor...

Brunskill, Emma

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Non-algebraic quadrature domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 28, 2012 ... “Quadrature domain in the classical sense” is used to specify the restricted case we ...... monotonically” on ?. 4. The procedure used in the proof of Theorem 3.1 can also be used to ... Royal Inst. of Technology, Stockholm.

2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

265

Making recommendations from multiple domains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the vast amount of information on the World Wide Web, recommender systems are increasingly being used to help filter irrelevant data and suggest information that would interest users. Traditional systems make recommendations based on a single domain ... Keywords: collaborative filtering, personalization, recommendation, social trust

Wei Chen; Wynne Hsu; Mong Li Lee

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Comparison of the 3 method and time-domain thermoreflectancethermoreflectance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advantages and disadvantages 3 · High accuracy, particularly for bulk materials and low thermal conductivity electrical insulation: introduces an additional thermal resistance.additional thermal resistance. ­ Cannot, Shawn Putnam, Yee Kan Koh Materials Research Lab and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, U

Braun, Paul

267

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

wave output. The instrument was set up to output a 2 amp current, at a 7.5 Hz repetition rate, and a current ramp off of about 6 micro seconds. The receiver coil had a bandwidth...

268

Parallel Algorithms for Time and Frequency Domain Circuit Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solution to circuit simulation besides the known application of distributed-memory clustered computing platforms, which provides abundant hardware computing resources. This research addresses the limitations of traditional serial circuit simulations...

Dong, Wei

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

269

A VECTOR FINITE ELEMENT TIME-DOMAIN METHOD FOR ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gential continuity across interfaces whereas the face elements have normal continuity ..... Example: Numerical dispersion for three-dimensional shear distortion. Let ..... The error measure is the standard L2 relative error shown below,.

SIAM (#1) 1035 2001 Apr 10 12:32:38

2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

270

Fast time domain simulation for large order hybrid systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation is an important tool for the analysis and design of complex systems. As the models become more and more complex, more powerful simulation methods are desired. As an attempt to address this problem, a simulation ...

Sou, Kin Cheong, 1979-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Time Domain Passivity Control of Haptic Interfaces with Virtual Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are required for 2-port network · There are two gate ways through which the generated energy flows out N 1f the absorbed energy · Decreasing the produced energy N 1f 2f 1v 2v Add PC at each port and decrease the produced energy #12;There are four cases of PC operation · Energy is absorbed by both ports ­ No need

Ryu, Jee-Hwan

272

Frequency-domain multiscale quantum mechanics/electromagnetics simulation method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A frequency-domain quantum mechanics and electromagnetics (QM/EM) method is developed. Compared with the time-domain QM/EM method [Meng et al., J. Chem. Theory Comput. 8, 1190–1199 (2012)], the newly developed frequency-domain QM/EM method could effectively capture the dynamic properties of electronic devices over a broader range of operating frequencies. The system is divided into QM and EM regions and solved in a self-consistent manner via updating the boundary conditions at the QM and EM interface. The calculated potential distributions and current densities at the interface are taken as the boundary conditions for the QM and EM calculations, respectively, which facilitate the information exchange between the QM and EM calculations and ensure that the potential, charge, and current distributions are continuous across the QM/EM interface. Via Fourier transformation, the dynamic admittance calculated from the time-domain and frequency-domain QM/EM methods is compared for a carbon nanotube based molecular device.

Meng, Lingyi; Yin, Zhenyu; Yam, ChiYung, E-mail: yamcy@yangtze.hku.hk, E-mail: ghc@everest.hku.hk; Koo, SiuKong; Chen, GuanHua, E-mail: yamcy@yangtze.hku.hk, E-mail: ghc@everest.hku.hk [Department of Chemistry, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong)] [Department of Chemistry, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong); Chen, Quan; Wong, Ngai [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong)] [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong)

2013-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

273

On the Oberbeck-Boussinesq approximation on unbounded domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Oberbeck-Boussinesq approximation on unbounded domains Eduard Feireisl and Maria E. Schonbek Abstract We study the Oberbeck-Boussinesq approximation describing the mo- tion of an incompressible, heat that the total energy of any solution of the resulting Oberbeck-Boussinesq system tends to zero with growing time

Schonbek, Maria

274

Using TDR and Inverse Modeling to Characterize Solute Transport in a Layered Agricultural Volcanic Soil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ranges from 7 to 9 depending on the composition and degree of crystallinity (van Olphen...Assessing temporal variations in soil water composition with time domain reflectometry. Soil...mathematical model for simulating water and agrochemicals in the soil and vadose environment...

A. Ritter; R. Muńoz-Carpena; C. M. Regalado; M. Javaux; M. Vanclooster

275

Finite Element Analysis of TDR Cable-Grout-Soil Mass Interaction During Localized Shearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Finite Element Analysis of TDR Cable-Grout-Soil Mass Interaction During Localized Shearing By J and laboratory measurement of Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) cable-grout response to analyze the interaction between the cable, grout, and surrounding soil mass during localized shearing. Finite element (FE) model

276

How to Run DomainParser  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Run DomainParser Run DomainParser The structure for partition needs to be prepared in the PDB format. In most cases, running DomainParser using defaults should give satisfactory partitions. However, several options offered in DomainParser can provide a partition that a user desires or correct some overcut/undercut partitions. Here, we use a PDB file 1atna.pdb as an example to show how to use the DomainParser program. Run DomainParser using defaults: domainparser 1atna.pdb The output shows the partition for each domain in terms of ranges of residue numbers: 4 domains have been found for 1atna: Domain 1 : 34-96. Domain 2 : 181-272. Domain 3 : 148-180; 273-336. Domain 4 : 0-33; 97-147; 337-372. The program also generates a new file 1atna_dom.pdb, with the "temperature factor" column (column 61-66 of an "ATOM" entry) showing domain numbers. A

277

Performance Assessment Report Domain CHP System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance Assessment Report for the Domain CHP System November 2005 By Burns & McDonnell Engineering #12;Domain CHP System Performance Assessment Report for the Packaged Cooling, Heating and Power

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

278

15 FUNCTIONAL SERVICE DOMAIN ARCHITECTURE MANAGEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Based on a better understanding of functional domain architecture management approaches, situational, enterprise architecture management, situational method engineering #12;258 Part 5: Design Science 115 FUNCTIONAL SERVICE DOMAIN ARCHITECTURE MANAGEMENT: Building the Foundation for Situational

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

279

Language Modeling for limited-data domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the increasing focus of speech recognition and natural language processing applications on domains with limited amount of in-domain training data, enhanced system performance often relies on approaches involving model ...

Hsu, Bo-June (Bo-June Paul)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Frequency domain design of interval controller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significant role in the analysis and design of interval systems. Its external properties are also discussed. The image set approach & frequency domain criteria can be used to calculate the IP stability margin. The frequency domain criteria are used...

Park, Wunyong

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

hal-00136662,version1-14Mar2007 Relational Abstract Domains for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generic. 2 Related Work Abstract Domains. A key component in Abstract-Interpretation-based anal- yseshal-00136662,version1-14Mar2007 Relational Abstract Domains for the Detection of Floating-Point Run-Time Errors Antoine Min´e DI-´Ecole Normale Sup´erieure de Paris, France, mine@di.ens.fr Abstract We present

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

282

Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains Zeynep K#16;z#16;ltan Computer Science Division an application domain as a family of CSP models, so as to exhibit the generic constraint store for all models store and the domain propagation during search is analysed, so as to infer | before modelling any CSP

Rossi, Francesca

283

Word Domain Disambiguation via Word Sense Disambiguation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Word subject domains have been widely used to improve the perform-ance of word sense disambiguation al-gorithms. However, comparatively little effort has been devoted so far to the disambiguation of word subject do-mains. The few existing approaches have focused on the development of al-gorithms specific to word domain dis-ambiguation. In this paper we explore an alternative approach where word domain disambiguation is achieved via word sense disambiguation. Our study shows that this approach yields very strong results, suggesting that word domain disambiguation can be ad-dressed in terms of word sense disam-biguation with no need for special purpose algorithms.

Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Tratz, Stephen C.; Gregory, Michelle L.

2006-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

284

Building accurate initial models using gain functions for waveform inversion in the Laplace domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest an initial model building technique using time gain functions in the Laplace domain. Applying the gain expressed as a power of time is equivalent to taking the partial derivative of the Laplace-domain wavefield with respect to a damping constant. We construct an objective function, which minimizes the logarithmic differences between the gained field data and the partial derivative of the modeled data with respect to the damping constant. We calculate the modeled wavefield, the partial derivative wavefield, and the gradient direction in the Laplace domain using the analytic Green's function starting from a constant velocity model. This is an efficient method to generate an accurate initial model for a following Laplace-domain inversion. Numerical examples using two marine field datasets confirm that a starting model updated once from a scratch using the gradient direction calculated with the proposed method can be successfully used for a subsequent Laplace-domain inversion.

Wansoo Ha; Changsoo Shin

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

285

Using Domain Models for Context-Rich User Logging Stephen Dignum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traversal, User Logging 1. INTRODUCTION Searches within document collections like intranets differ from amount of time is spent by users trying to learn the domain characteristics even before they are able

Kruschwitz, Udo

286

the unfolding of fibrin(ogen) domains has been measured by single-molecule atomic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the unfolding of fibrin(ogen) domains has been measured by single-molecule atomic force microscopy, 13), but simulations on appropriate time scales for this large and complex molecule may require

Connolly Jr, Harold C.

287

Comparative Study of Model-Based and Multi-Domain System Engineering Approaches for Industrial Settings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A typical approach for the development of multi-domain systems often carries the risk of high non-conformance costs and time-consuming re-engineering due to the lack of interoperability between different domai...

Anjelika Votintseva; Petra Witschel…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Domain formation on oxidized graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using first-principles calculations within density functional theory, we demonstrate that the adsorption of a single oxygen atom results in significant electron transfer from graphene to oxygen. This strongly disturbs the charge landscape of the C-C bonds at the proximity. Additional oxygen atoms adsorbing to graphene prefer always the C-C bonds having the highest charge density and, consequently, they have the tendency to form domain structure. While oxygen adsorption to one side of graphene ends with significant buckling, the adsorption to both sides with similar domain pattern is favored. The binding energy displays an oscillatory variation and the band gap widens with increasing oxygen coverage. While a single oxygen atom migrates over the C-C bonds on the graphene surface, a repulsive interaction prevents two oxygen adatoms from forming an oxygen molecule. Our first-principles study together with finite-temperature ab initio molecular dynamics calculations conclude that oxygen adatoms on graphene can not desorb easily without the influence of external agents.

M. Topsakal and S. Ciraci

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

NATIONAL PLAN TO ACHIEVE MARITIME DOMAIN AWARENESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

infrastructure following attack or similar disruption. · Maritime Transportation System Security Plan responds regarding the maritime domain. · Maritime Commerce Security Plan establishes a comprehensive plan to secure

Acton, Scott

290

Coastal numerical modelling of tides: Sensitivity to domain size and remotely generated internal tide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The propagation of remotely generated superinertial internal tides constitutes a difficulty for the modelling of regional ocean tidal variability which we illustrate in several ways. First, the M2 tidal solution inside a control region located along the Southern California Bight coastline is monitored while the extent of the numerical domain is increased (up to 512 × 512  km). While the amplitude and phase of sea level averaged over the region is quasi-insensitive to domain size, a steady increase of kinetic energy, predominantly baroclinic, is observed with increasing domain size. The increasing flux of energy into the control region suggests that this trend is explained by the growing contribution from remote generation sites of internal tide which can propagate up to the control region. Increasing viscosities confirms this interpretation by lowering baroclinic energy levels and limiting their rate of increase with domain size. Doubling the grid spacing allows consideration of numerical domains 2 times larger. While the coarse grid has lower energy levels than the finer grid, the rate of energy increase with domain size appears to be slowing for the largest domain of the coarse grid simulations. Forcing the smallest domain with depth-varying tidal boundary conditions from the simulation in the largest domain produces energy levels inside the control region comparable to those in the control region for the largest domain, thereby confirming the feasibility of a nested approach. In contrast, simulations forced with a subinertial tidal constituent (K1) show that when the propagation of internal tide is limited, the control region kinetic energy is mostly barotropic and the magnitudes of variations of the kinetic energy with domain size are reduced.

Aurelien L. Ponte; Bruce D. Cornuelle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

The Abstract Domain of Segmented Ranking Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

function by abstract in- terpretation. We build our work on their proposed general framework, and we designThe Abstract Domain of Segmented Ranking Functions Caterina Urban ´Ecole Normale Sup´erieure - CNRS - INRIA, Paris, France urban@di.ens.fr Abstract. We present a parameterized abstract domain for proving

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

292

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

293

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

294

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

295

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

296

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Wednesday, 27 June 2012 00:00 Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

297

Evaluating the Reference and Representation of Domain Concepts in APIs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating the Reference and Representation of Domain Concepts in APIs Daniel Ratiu, Jan JĂĽrjens ICPC 12 June 2008 #12;Domain specific APIs reflect the domain knowledge Programs World c b d API reflection of domain Developed program a Domain knowledge Real World #12;APIs' Quality through

Jurjens, Jan

298

Towards efficient interface conditions for a Schwarz domain decomposition algorithm for an advection equation with biharmonic diffusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of deriving efficient interface conditions for solving biharmonic diffusion-advection equations using a Schwarz global-in-time domain decomposition algorithm. General interface conditions are proposed, which lead to well-posed ... Keywords: Biharmonic operator, Domain decomposition methods, Optimized conditions

Elise Nourtier-Mazauric; Eric Blayo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Skyrmions from Instantons inside Domain Walls  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some years ago, Atiyah and Manton described a method to construct approximate Skyrmion solutions from Yang-Mills instantons. Here we present a dynamical realization of this construction using domain walls in a five-dimensional gauge theory. The non-Abelian gauge symmetry is broken in each vacuum but restored in the core of the domain wall, allowing instantons to nestle inside the wall. We show that the world volume dynamics of the wall is given by the Skyrme model, including the four-derivative term, and the instantons appear as domain wall Skyrmions.

Eto, Minoru; Nitta, Muneto; Ohashi, Keisuke [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, 152-8551 (Japan); Tong, David [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

300

Double common-path interferometer for flexible optical probe of optical coherence tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(D. E. N. Davies, “Optical coherence-domain reflectometry: afiber common-path optical coherence tomography: sensitivity

Park, Jae Seok; Chen, Zhongping; Jeong, Myung Yung; Kim, Chang-Seok

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Open-domain textual question answering techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Textual question answering is a technique of extracting a sentence or text snippet from a document or document collection that responds directly to a query. Open-domain textual question answering presupposes that questions are natural and unrestricted ...

Sanda M. Harabagiu; Steven J. Maiorano; Marius A. Pa?ca

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Antiferromagnetic domain size and exchange bias  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using neutron diffraction, we measured the sizes of antiferromagnetic domains in three ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayer samples as a function of the magnitude and sign of exchange bias, temperature, and antiferromagnet composition. Neutron...

Fitzsimmons, M. R.; Lederman, D.; Cheon, M.; Shi, H.; Olamit, J.; Roshchin, Igor V.; Schuller, Ivan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A Small Molecule Transcriptional Activation Domain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 These activation domains often contain surreptitious repeats of 6?14 amino acids,4,5 and the minimal repeat unit of a natural transcriptional activator can itself function as an activator when attached to a DBD. ...

Aaron R. Minter; Brian B. Brennan; Anna K. Mapp

2004-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

Magnetically multiplexed heating of single domain nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selective hysteretic heating of multiple collocated types of single domain magnetic nanoparticles (SDMNPs) by alternating magnetic fields (AMFs) may offer a useful tool for biomedical applications. The possibility of ...

Romero, G.

305

Multilevel domain decomposition for electronic structure calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multilevel domain decomposition for electronic structure calculations M. Barrault a,b,*, E. Cance method (MDD) for electronic structure calculations within semi- empirical and density functional theory electronic structure calculations A molecular system is composed of N electrons, modelled quantum

Hager, William

306

CPO semantics of timed interactive actor networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We give a denotational framework for composing interactive components into closed or open systems and show how to adapt classical domain-theoretic approaches to open systems and to timed systems. For timed systems, prior approaches are based on temporal ... Keywords: Actors, Agents, CPOs, Dataflow, Discrete events, Interaction, Posets, Process networks, Semantics, Timed systems

Xiaojun Liu; Edward A. Lee

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Growth of unstable domains in the two-dimensional Ising model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the ferromagnetic Ising model with spin-flip dynamics by Monte Carlo computer simulation. The system is prepared at time t=0 by deeply quenching from a high-temperature disordered state, to a low-temperature nonequilibrium state. We analyze the growth of domains of the ordered phase through two measures of the average size of these domains: the fluctuation in magnetization and the perimeter density. Systems of size 602, 752, 1052, 1502, and 2402 are studied over large numbers of quenches (from 48 to 450 on a given lattice). We find that domains grow self-similarly following the Allen-Cahn law (domain area proportional to time). The effects of different updating procedures, finite size, and varying number of runs on the evolution and the statistics of the data are studied. We find that the time evolution given by random updating or a multispin coding algorithm are the same. We estimate the percentage error in the observed size of domains from a simple zero-time sum rule, which is independent of system size. This is found to be a reasonable estimate of error throughout the self-similar scaling regime.

E. T. Gawlinski; Martin Grant; J. D. Gunton; K. Kaski

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Scott Domain Representability of a Class of Generalized Ordered Spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-space constructed on a locally compact LOTS, is Scott-domain representable, i.e., is homeomorphic to the space-domain representable (i.e., being homeomorphic to the subspace of maximal elements of a Scott-domain with the ScottScott Domain Representability of a Class of Generalized Ordered Spaces Kevin W. Duke and David

Lutzer, David J.

309

Formal Domain Modeling: From Specification to Atif Mashkoor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formal Domain Modeling: From Specification to Validation Atif Mashkoor LORIA ­ DEDALE Team ­ Nancy with re- finement based approach at domain level. We also introduce a stepwise validation process and their inter-relationships, along with their important static and dynamic properties of the domain. The domain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

310

Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Domain-specific abstractions and compiler Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations March 4, 2013 sadayappan Saday Sadayappan Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Ohio State University Recent trends in architecture are making multicore parallelism as well as heterogeneity ubiquitous. This creates significant chalenges to application developers as well as compiler implementations. Currently it is virtually impossible to achieve performance portability of high-performance applications, i.e., develop a single version of source code for an application that achieves high performance on different parallel computer platforms. Different implementations of compute intensive core functions are generally needed for different target platforms, e.g., for multicore

311

Thermodynamics of free Domain Wall fermions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studying various thermodynamic quantities for the free domain wall fermions for both finite and infinite fifth dimensional extent N_5, we find that the lattice corrections are minimum for $N_T\\geq10$ for both energy density and susceptibility, for its irrelevant parameter M in the range 1.45-1.50. The correction terms are, however, quite large for small lattice sizes of $N_T\\leq8$. We propose modifications of the domain wall operator, as well as the overlap operator, to reduce the finite cut-off effects to within 10% of the continuum results of the thermodynamic quantities for the currently used N_T=6-8 lattices. Incorporating chemical potential, we show that \\mu^2 divergences are absent for a large class of such domain wall fermion actions although the chiral symmetry is broken for $\\mu\

R. V. Gavai; Sayantan Sharma

2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

312

Eminent Domain (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

(Indiana) (Indiana) Eminent Domain (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Indiana Association of Cities and Towns Utilities, corporations, and gas storage facilities may invoke the law of eminent domain in certain circumstances, as provided for in this

313

Skyrmions from Instantons inside Domain Walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some years ago, Atiyah and Manton described a method to construct approximate Skyrmion solutions from Yang-Mills instantons. Here we present a dynamical realization of this construction using domain walls in a five-dimensional gauge theory. The non-abelian gauge symmetry is broken in each vacuum but restored in the core of the domain wall, allowing instantons to nestle inside the wall. We show that the worldvolume dynamics of the wall is given by the Skyrme model, including the four-derivative term, and the instantons appear as Skyrmions.

Minoru Eto; Muneto Nitta; Keisuke Ohashi; David Tong

2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

314

Magnetic spectral bounds on starlike plane domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop sharp upper bounds for energy levels of the magnetic Laplacian on starlike plane domains, under either Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions and assuming a constant magnetic field in the transverse direction. Our main result says that $\\sum_{j=1}^n \\Phi \\big( \\lambda_j A/G \\big)$ is maximal for a disk whenever $\\Phi$ is concave increasing, $n \\geq 1$, the domain has area $A$, and $\\lambda_j$ is the $j$-th Dirichlet eigenvalue of the magnetic Laplacian $\\big( i\

R. S. Laugesen; B. A. Siudeja

2014-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

315

The Value of the EU Public Domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is as natural and necessary part of our research efforts as the study of copyright.1 1 Mead Fellow in Economics, Emmanuel College, University of Cambridge 2 Erasmus University Rotterdam and Austrian Society for Cultural Economics and Policy Studies 3 Adjunct... proximate but already public domain works. 30We can add and remove mass because the set of in-print public domain and in copyright books do not necessarily match. 31If one considers this over-generous it is worth considering that the various different Harry...

Pollock, Rufus; Stepan, Paul; Välimäki, Mikko

316

An implicit wetting and drying approach for non-hydrostatic flows in high aspect ratio domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A wetting and drying approach for free surface flows governed by the three-dimensional, non-hydrostatic Navier-Stokes equations in high aspect ratio domains is developed. This has application in the modelling of inundation processes in geophysical domains, where dynamics takes place over a large horizontal extent relative to vertical resolution, such as in the evolution of a tsunami, or an urban fluvial flooding scenario. The approach is novel in that it solves for three dimensional dynamics in these very high aspect ratio domains, to include non-hydrostatic effects and accurately model dispersive processes. These become important in shallow regions with steep gradients, a particularly acute problem where man-made structures exist such as buildings or flood defences in an urban environment. It is implicit in time to allow efficient time integration over a range of mesh element sizes. Specific regularisation methods are introduced to improve conditioning of the full three-dimensional pressure Poisson problem i...

Candy, Adam S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Tree based domain-specific mapping languages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Model transformation languages have been mainly used by researchers --- the software engineering industry has not yet widely accepted the model driven software development (MDSD). One of the main reasons is the complexity of metamodelling principles ... Keywords: UML, domain-specific languages, mappings, model transformation languages

Elina Kalnina; Audris Kalnins; Agris Sostaks; Edgars Celms; Janis Iraids

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains Jad Hamza # , Barbara Jobstmann + , Viktor Kuncak # # ENS Cachan, France + CNRS/Verimag, France, # EPFL, Switzerland Abstract---Synthesis that are correct by construction. Previous work includes synthesis of reactive finite­state systems from linear

Kuncak, Viktor

319

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains Jad Hamza, Barbara Jobstmann, Viktor Kuncak ENS Cachan, France CNRS/Verimag, France, EPFL, Switzerland Abstract--Synthesis from specifications is a promising method of obtaining systems that are correct by construction. Previous work includes synthesis

Jobstmann, Barbara

320

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis for Regular Specifications over Unbounded Domains Jad Hamza, Barbara Jobstmann, Viktor Kuncak ENS Cachan, France CNRS/Verimag, France, EPFL, Switzerland Abstract--Synthesis from declarative. Previous work includes synthesis of reactive finite-state systems from linear temporal logic and its

Kuncak, Viktor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition Quming Zhou, Kai Sun, Kartik Mohanram, Danny C referred to as the power grid. The power grid for a modern integrated circuit may consist of several grid is traditionally described as a large-scale linear system. Simulation of power grids usually

Mohanram, Kartik

322

Competency Patient Care Sub Domain Procedures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Competency Patient Care Sub Domain Procedures Learning Objective Understands informed consent and performs uncomplicated procedures on patients or in simulation Milestones Year I Year II Year III Year IV Mid End Mid End Mid End Mid End · Defines elements of informed consent for procedures · Explains

Leistikow, Bruce N.

323

Magnetic field in a finite toroidal domain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetic field structure in a domain surrounded by a closed toroidal magnetic surface is analyzed. It is shown that ergodization of magnetic field lines is possible even in a regular field configuration (with nonvanishing toroidal component). A unified approach is used to describe magnetic fields with nested toroidal (possibly asymmetric) flux surfaces, magnetic islands, and ergodic field lines.

Ilgisonis, V. I.; Skovoroda, A. A., E-mail: skovorod@nfi.kiae.r [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

A REAL-TIME AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION ARCHITECTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A REAL-TIME AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION ARCHITECTURE Gang Chen, Thierry Fraichard and Luis Martinez for autonomous navigation: perception, localisation, mapping, real-time motion planning and motion tracking. INTRODUCTION Autonomous navigation requires to solve a num- ber of challenging problems in domains as dif

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

325

RAPID: A Reachable Anytime Planner for Imprecisely-sensed Domains Emma Brunskill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

space considered as time allows. RAPID performs well on a large tutoring-inspired prob- lem simulationRAPID: A Reachable Anytime Planner for Imprecisely-sensed Domains Emma Brunskill Computer Science structured models. Previous researchers have used this insight to construct more effi- cient algorithms

Garlan, David

326

A Cartesian grid embedded boundary method for the heat equation on irregular domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Cartesian Grid Embedded Boundary Method for the Heatheat equation on irregular time-dependent domains. It is based on the Cartesian gridHEAT EQUATION FOR FIXED BOUNDARIES Spatial discretization The underlying discretization of space is given by rectangular control volumes on a Cartesian grid:

McCorquodale, Peter; Colella, Phillip; Johansen, Hans

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Quantum Fusion of Domain Walls with Fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study how fluxes on the domain wall world volume modify quantum fusion of two distant parallel domain walls into a composite wall. The elementary wall fluxes can be separated into parallel and antiparallel components. The parallel component affects neither the binding energy nor the process of quantum merger. The antiparallel fluxes, instead, increase the binding energy and, against naive expectations, suppress quantum fusion. In the small flux limit we explicitly find the bounce solution and the fusion rate as a function of the flux. We argue that at large (antiparallel) fluxes there exists a critical value of the flux (versus the difference in the wall tensions), which switches off quantum fusion altogether. This phenomenon of flux-related wall stabilization is rather peculiar: it is unrelated to any conserved quantity. Our consideration of the flux-related all stabilization is based on substantiated arguments that fall short of complete proof.

S. Bolognesi; M. Shifman; M. B. Voloshin

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

328

Budding of domains in mixed bilayer membranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a model that accounts for budding behavior of domains in lipid bilayers, where each of the bilayer leaflets has a coupling between its local curvature and local lipid composition. The compositional asymmetry between the two monolayers leads to an overall spontaneous curvature. The membrane free-energy contains three contributions: bending energy, line tension, and a Landau free-energy for a lateral phase separation. Within a mean-field treatment, we obtain various phase diagrams which contain fully-budded, dimpled and flat states. In particular, for some range of membrane parameters, the phase diagrams exhibit a tricritical behavior as well as three-phase coexistence region. The global phase diagrams can be divided into three types and are analyzed in terms of the curvature-composition coupling parameter and domain size.

Wolff, Jean; Andelman, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Budding of domains in mixed bilayer membranes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a model that accounts for budding behavior of domains in lipid bilayers, where each of the bilayer leaflets has a coupling between its local curvature and local lipid composition. The compositional asymmetry between the two monolayers leads to an overall spontaneous curvature. The membrane free-energy contains three contributions: bending energy, line tension, and a Landau free-energy for a lateral phase separation. Within a mean-field treatment, we obtain various phase diagrams which contain fully-budded, dimpled and flat states. In particular, for some range of membrane parameters, the phase diagrams exhibit a tricritical behavior as well as three-phase coexistence region. The global phase diagrams can be divided into three types and are analyzed in terms of the curvature-composition coupling parameter and domain size.

Jean Wolff; Shigeyuki Komura; David Andelman

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

330

Monte Carlo Domain Decomposition for Robust Nuclear Reactor Analyses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Monte Carlo (MC) neutral particle transport codes are considered the gold-standard for nuclear simulations, but they cannot be robustly applied to high-fidelity nuclear reactor analysis without accommodating several terabytes of materials and tally data. While this is not a large amount of aggregate data for a typical high performance computer, MC methods are only embarrassingly parallel when the key data structures are replicated for each processing element, an approach which is likely infeasible on future machines. The present work explores the use of spatial domain decomposition to make full-scale nuclear reactor simulations tractable with Monte Carlo methods, presenting a simple implementation in a production-scale code. Good performance is achieved for mesh-tallies of up to 2.39TB distributed across 512 compute nodes while running a full-core reactor benchmark on the Mira Blue Gene/Q supercomputer at the Argonne National Laboratory. In addition, the effects of load imbalances are explored with an updated performance model that is empirically validated against observed timing results. Several load balancing techniques are also implemented to demonstrate that imbalances can be largely mitigated, including a new and efficient way to distribute extra compute resources across coarse domain meshes.

Nicholas Horelik; Andrew Siegel; Benoit Forget; Kord Smith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Dynamics of biased domain walls and the devaluation mechanism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the evolution of biased domain walls in the early universe. We explicitly discuss the roles played by the surface tension and volume pressure in the evolution of the walls, and quantify their effects by looking at the collapse of spherical wall solutions. We then apply our results to a particular mechanism, known as the devaluation scenario, in which the dynamics of biased domain walls was suggested as a possible solution to the cosmological constant problem. Our results indicate that devaluation will, in general, lead to values of the cosmological constant that differ by several orders of magnitude from the observationally inferred value, {rho}{sub vac}{sup 1/4}{approx}10{sup -3} eV. We also argue that the reasons behind this are not specific to a particular realization, and are expected to persist in any scenario of this kind, except if a low-energy cutoff on the spectra of vacuum energy densities, of the order of the critical density at the present time, is postulated. This implies that any such scenario will require a fine-tuning similar to the usual one.

Avelino, P. P.; Sousa, L. [Centro de Fisica do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica da Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Martins, C. J. A. P. [Centro de Astrofisica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas s/n, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); DAMTP, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Domain walls with non-Abelian clouds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Domain walls in U(N) gauge theories, coupled to Higgs scalar fields with degenerate masses, are shown to possess normalizable non-Abelian Nambu-Goldstone (NG) modes, which we call non-Abelian clouds. We construct the moduli space metric and its Kaehler potential of the effective field theory on the domain walls by focusing on two models: a U(1) gauge theory with several charged Higgs fields, and a U(N) gauge theory with 2N Higgs fields in the fundamental representation. We find that non-Abelian clouds spread between two domain walls and that their rotation induces a long-range repulsive force, in contrast to a U(1) mode in models with fully nondegenerate masses which gives a short-range force. We also construct a bound state of dyonic domain walls by introducing the imaginary part of the Higgs masses. In the latter model we find that when all walls coincide, SU(N){sub L}xSU(N){sub R}xU(1) symmetry is broken down to SU(N){sub V}, and U(N){sub A} NG modes and the same number of quasi-NG modes are localized on the wall. When n walls separate, off-diagonal elements of U(n) NG modes have wave functions spreading between two separated walls (non-Abelian clouds), whereas some quasi-NG modes turn to NG bosons as a result of further symmetry breaking U(n){sub V}{yields}U(1){sub V}{sup n}. In the case of 4+1-dimensional bulk, we can dualize the effective theory to the supersymmetric Freedman-Townsend model of non-Abelian 2-form fields.

Eto, Minoru [INFN, Sezione di Pisa, Largo Pontecorvo, 3, Ed. C, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Department of Physics, University of Pisa Largo Pontecorvo, 3, Ed. C, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Fujimori, Toshiaki; Sakai, Norisuke [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Nitta, Muneto [Department of Physics, Keio University, Hiyoshi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8521 (Japan); Ohashi, Keisuke [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

Domain growth in the clock model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of order in the clock (ZN) model is studied following a quench from the disordered phase to a low-temperature unstable state below the ferromagnetic critical point. Growth laws for the average size of domains are obtained by computer simulation for N=3, 4, 8, 16, and 26 degenerate states. In disagreement with recent Monte Carlo work, no pinning by vortices is observed.

Kimmo Kaski; Martin Grant; J. D. Gunton

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Conserved currents for Mobius Domain Wall Fermions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the exactly conserved vector, and almost conserved axial currents for rational approximations to the overlap operator with a general Mobius kernel. The approach maintains manifest Hermiticity, and allows matrix elements of the currents to be constructed at no extra cost after solution of the usual 5d system of equations, similar to the original approach of Furman and Shamir for domain wall Fermions.

P. A. Boyle

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

335

HYDRATE DISSOCIATION IN A 1-D DOMAIN  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HYDRATE DISSOCIATION IN A 1-D DOMAIN HYDRATE DISSOCIATION IN A 1-D DOMAIN I. Domain Description 1-D Cartesian system, L x W x H = 1.5 m x 1.0 m x 1.0 m Discretization: 30 x 1 x 1 in (x,y,z) Uniform Δx = 0.05 m each; Δy = Δz = 1 m II. Initial Conditions Pressure: P i = 8 MPa Temperature: T i = 2 o C (for thermal stimulation), T i = 6 o C (for depressurization) Saturations: S H = 0.5, S A = 0.5, S G = 0.0 III. Boundary Conditions At x = X max : No mass or heat flow At x = 0: Constant S A = 1.0 (1) Constant P 0 = P i Constant T 0 = 45 o C Thermal stimulation (2) Constant T 0 = T i = 6 o C Constant P 0 = 2.8 MPa Depressurization to a pressure above the Q-point, no ice formation (3) Constant T 0 = T i = 6 o C Constant P 0 = 0.5 MPa Depressurization to a pressure below the Q-point,

336

Dynamical scaling in the domain growth of a chemisorbed overlayer: W(112)(2×1)-O  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We observed a self-similar growth (scaling of oxygen antiphase domains) of the (2×1) structure chemisorbed on the W(112) surface using time-resolved, high-resolution, low-energy electron diffraction technique. The initial stage of domain growth after the system was quenched from a lattice-gas state was shown to obey a curvature-driven mechanism. The scaling function was extracted from the angular distribution of the intensity of the (1/2 0) beam and was compared with recent analytical theories and Monte Carlo simulations. Breakdown of scaling was observed after the termination of the curvature-driven regime.

J.-K. Zuo; G.-C. Wang; T.-M. Lu

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

The Task Agent Resource Function application in UAV domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Task Agent Resource Function application in UAV domain Tan Viet Anh Truong Ecole National is to present an application of TARF (Task Agent Resource Function) in UAV domain. This TARF is used to optimize of a generic mission planner for cross domain such as UAV, maritime, automotive and manned aerial vehicle (MAV

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

338

Grammar-Based Testing using Realistic Domains in PHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grammar-Based Testing using Realistic Domains in PHP Ivan Enderlin, Fr´ed´eric Dadeau, Alain-based testing in PHP. It relies on the notion of realistic domains, that make it possible to assign domains to data, by means of contract assertions written inside the source code of a PHP application. Then a test

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

339

LANSCE | Lujan Center | Highlights | Neutron Reflectometry (NR...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the crystallinity of the sample (single crystal, polycrystalline, or amorphous). Neutron scattering is a unique tool to study such nanolayered composites because the...

340

Lattice QCD with Domain Decomposition on Intel Xeon Phi Co-Processors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gap between the cost of moving data and the cost of computing continues to grow, making it ever harder to design iterative solvers on extreme-scale architectures. This problem can be alleviated by alternative algorithms that reduce the amount of data movement. We investigate this in the context of Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics and implement such an alternative solver algorithm, based on domain decomposition, on Intel Xeon Phi co-processor (KNC) clusters. We demonstrate close-to-linear on-chip scaling to all 60 cores of the KNC. With a mix of single- and half-precision the domain-decomposition method sustains 400-500 Gflop/s per chip. Compared to an optimized KNC implementation of a standard solver [1], our full multi-node domain-decomposition solver strong-scales to more nodes and reduces the time-to-solution by a factor of 5.

Heybrock, Simon; Joo, Balint; Kalamkar, Dhiraj D.; Smelyanskiy, Mikhail; Vaidyanathan, Karthikeyan; Wettig, Tilo; Dubey, Pradeep

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Dynamic coupling between the LID and NMP domain motions in the catalytic conversion of ATP and AMP to ADP by adenylate kinase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The catalytic conversion of ATP and AMP to ADP by adenylate kinase (ADK) involves large amplitude, ligand induced domain motions, involving the opening and the closing of LID and NMP domains, during the repeated catalytic cycle. We discover and analyze an interesting dynamical coupling between the motions of the two domains during the opening, using large scale atomistic molecular dynamics trajectory analysis, covariance analysis and multi-dimensional free energy calculations with explicit water. Initially, the LID domain must open by a certain amount before the NMP domain can begin to open. Dynamical correlation map shows interesting cross-peak between LID and NMP domain which suggests the presence of correlated motion between them. This is also reflected in our calculated two dimensional free energy surface contour diagram which has an interesting elliptic shape, revealing a strong correlation between the opening of the LID domain and that of the NMP domain. Our free energy surface of the LID domain motion is rugged due to interaction with water and the signature of ruggedness is evident in the observed RMSD variation and its fluctuation time correlation functions. We develop a correlated dynamical disorder type theoretical model to explain the observed dynamic coupling between the motions of the two domains in ADK. Our model correctly reproduces several features of the cross-correlation observed in simulations.

Biman Jana; Bharat V. Adkar; Rajib Biswas; Biman Bagchi

2010-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

342

Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures serve to protect Georgia's natural and environmental resources by requiring permits be issued by the Director of the Environmental Protection Division prior to any petroleum or petroleum product pipe company acquiring property or interests by eminent domain. Monitoring conditions will be issued with

343

Melting Instantons, Domain Walls, and Large N  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monte Carlo studies of $CP^{N-1}$ sigma models have shown that the structure of topological charge in these models undergoes a sharp transition at $N=N_c\\approx 4$. For $NN_c$ it is dominated by extended, thin, 1-dimensionally coherent membranes of topological charge, which can be interpreted as domain walls between discrete quasi-stable vacua. These vacua differ by a unit of background electric flux. The transition can be identified as the delocalization of topological charge, or "instanton melting," a phenomenon first suggested by Witten to resolve the conflict between instantons and large $N$ behavior. Implications for $QCD$ are discussed.

H. B. Thacker

2008-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

344

Effective Action of Domain Wall Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U(Nc) gauge theory with Nf fundamental scalars admits BPS junctions of domain walls. When the networks/webs of these walls contain loops, their size moduli give localized massless modes. We construct Kahler potential of their effective action. In the large size limit Kahler metric is well approximated by kinetic energy of walls and junctions, which is understood in terms of tropical geometry. Kahler potential can be expressed in terms of hypergeometric functions which are useful to understand small size behavior. Even when the loop shrinks, the metric is regular with positive curvature. Moduli space of a single triangle loop has a geometry between a cone and a cigar.

Minoru Eto; Toshiaki Fujimori; Takayuki Nagashima; Muneto Nitta; Keisuke Ohashi; Norisuke Sakai

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Wednesday, 29 July 2009 00:00 Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

346

Domain Walls and Vortices in Chiral Symmetry Breaking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study domain walls and vortices in chiral symmetry breaking in a QCD-like theory with N flavors in the chiral limit. If the axial anomaly is absent, there exist stable Abelian axial vortices winding around the spontaneously broken U(1)_A symmetry and non-Abelian axial vortices winding around both the U(1)_A and non-Abelian SU(N) chiral symmetries. In the presence of the axial anomaly term, metastable domain walls are present and Abelian axial vortices must be attached by N domain walls, forming domain wall junctions. We show that a domain wall junction decays into N non-Abelian vortices attached by domain walls, implying its metastability. We also show that domain walls decay through the quantum tunneling by creating a hole bounded by a closed non-Abelian vortex.

Minoru Eto; Yuji Hirono; Muneto Nitta

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

347

Using Non-Government Domain Names | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Using Non-Government Domain Names Using Non-Government Domain Names Using Non-Government Domain Names There may be occasion where it is necessary to utilize a non-government domain. The OMB Policies for Federal Agency Public Websites states: Your agency must use only .gov, .mil, or Fed.us domains unless the agency head explicitly determines another domain is necessary for the proper performance of an agency function. This requirement recognizes the proper performance of agency functions includes an obligation for clear and unambiguous public notification of the agency's involvement in or sponsorship of its information dissemination products including public websites. It also recognizes in certain limited circumstances other domains may be necessary for the proper performance of an agency function.

348

A hybrid approach to finding relevant social media content for complex domain specific information needs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract While contemporary semantic search systems offer to improve classical keyword-based search, they are not always adequate for complex domain specific information needs. The domain of prescription drug abuse, for example, requires knowledge of both ontological concepts and “intelligible constructs” not typically modeled in ontologies. These intelligible constructs convey essential information that include notions of intensity, frequency, interval, dosage, and sentiments, which could be important to the holistic needs of the information seeker. In this paper, we present a hybrid approach to domain specific information retrieval (or knowledge-aware search) that integrates ontology-driven query interpretation with synonym-based query expansion, and domain specific rules, to facilitate search. Our framework is based on a context-free grammar (CFG) that defines the query language of constructs interpretable by the search system. The grammar provides two levels of semantic interpretation: (1) a top-level CFG that facilitates retrieval of diverse textual patterns, which belong to broad templates and (2) a low-level CFG that enables interpretation of specific expressions that belong to such patterns. These low-level expressions occur as concepts from four different categories of data: (1) ontological concepts, (2) concepts in lexicons (such as emotions and sentiments), (3) concepts in lexicons with only partial ontology representation, called lexico-ontology concepts (such as side effects and routes of administration (ROA)), and (4) domain specific expressions (such as date, time, interval, frequency, and dosage) derived solely through rules. Our approach is embodied in a novel Semantic Web platform called PREDOSE, which provides search support for complex domain specific information needs in prescription drug abuse epidemiology. When applied to a corpus of over 1 million drug abuse-related web forum posts, our search framework proved effective in retrieving relevant documents when compared with three existing search systems.

Delroy Cameron; Amit P. Sheth; Nishita Jaykumar; Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan; Gaurish Anand; Gary A. Smith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Deviatoric constitutive model: domain of strain rate validity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A case is made for using an enhanced methodology in determining the parameters that appear in a deviatoric constitutive model. Predictability rests on our ability to solve a properly posed initial boundary value problem (IBVP), which incorporates an accurate reflection of material constitutive behavior. That reflection is provided through the constitutive model. Moreover, the constitutive model is required for mathematical closure of the IBVP. Common practice in the shock physics community is to divide the Cauchy tensor into spherical and deviatoric parts, and to develop separate models for spherical and deviatoric constitutive response. Our focus shall be on the Cauchy deviator and deviatoric constitutive behavior. Discussions related to the spherical part of the Cauchy tensor are reserved for another time. A number of deviatoric constitutive models have been developed for utilization in the solution of IBVPs that are of interest to those working in the field of shock physics, e.g. All of these models are phenomenological and contain a number of parameters that must be determined in light of experimental data. The methodology employed in determining these parameters dictates the loading regime over which the model can be expected to be accurate. The focus of this paper is the methodology employed in determining model parameters and the consequences of that methodology as it relates to the domain of strain rate validity. We shall begin by describing the methodology that is typically employed. We shall discuss limitations imposed upon predictive capability by the typically employed methodology. We shall propose a modification to the typically employed methodology that significantly extends the domain of strain rate validity.

Zocher, Marvin A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

times smaller than automobiles, we must use a radar-type technique with photons of light that have wavelengths a billion times smaller than radio waves in order to study their...

351

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

352

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

353

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

354

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

355

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

356

Effective action of domain wall networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

U(N{sub C}) gauge theory with N{sub F} fundamental scalars admits BPS junctions of domain walls. When the networks/webs of these walls contain loops, their size moduli give localized massless modes. We construct Kaehler potential of their effective action. In the large size limit Kaehler metric is well approximated by kinetic energy of walls and junctions, which is understood in terms of tropical geometry. Kaehler potential can be expressed in terms of hypergeometric functions that are useful to understand small size behavior. Even when the loop shrinks, the metric is regular with positive curvature. Moduli space of a single triangle loop has a geometry between a cone and a cigar.

Eto, Minoru [Institute of Physics, University of Tokyo, Komaba 3-8-1, Tokyo 153-8902 (Japan); Fujimori, Toshiaki; Nagashima, Takayuki; Ohashi, Keisuke; Sakai, Norisuke [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Nitta, Muneto [Department of Physics, Keio University, Hiyoshi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8521 (Japan)

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

D-brane Configurations for Domain Walls and Their Webs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supersymmetric U(NC) gauge theory with NF massive hypermultiplets in the fundamental representation admits various BPS solitons like domain walls and their webs. In the first part we show as a review of the previous paper that domain walls are realized as kinky fractional D3-branes interpolating between separated D7-branes. In the second part we discuss brane configurations for domain wall webs. This is a contribution to the conference based on the talk given by MN.

Eto, Minoru; Isozumi, Youichi; Nitta, Muneto; Ohashi, Keisuke; Sakai, Norisuke [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Ohta, Kazutoshi [Theoretical Physics Laboratory, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

358

$K\\to??$ Decays with Domain Wall Fermions: Lattice Matrix Elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a lattice calculation of the $K\\to\\pi$ and $K\\to 0$ matrix elements of the $\\Delta S=1$ effective weak Hamiltonian which can be used to determine $\\epsilon^\\prime/\\epsilon$ and the $\\Delta I=1/2$ rule for $K$ decays in the Standard Model. The matrix elements for $K\\to\\pi\\pi$ decays are related to $K\\to\\pi$ and $K\\to 0$ using lowest order chiral perturbation theory. We also present results for the kaon $B$ parameter, $B_K$. Our quenched domain wall fermion simulation was done at $\\beta=6.0$ ($a^{-1}\\approx 2$ GeV), lattice size $16^3\\times 32\\times 16$, and domain wall height $M_5=1.8$.

T. Blum

2000-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

359

GR without SR: A gravitational-domain description of first-order Doppler effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equivalence principles are a major part of modern relativity theory. Gravitational shifts can already be calculated within the time domain as motion shifts, and we examine the consequences of reversing this argument and describing motion shifts outside the time domain, as effects of curvature associated with relative velocity. This unusual "Doppler mass shift" approach appears to resolve some of Einstein's own criticisms of the "SR+GR" model and seems to remove some barriers to the reconciliation of classical and quantum theory. The disadvantage of this model is that constant-velocity problems no longer obey Euclidean geometry. By bypassing special relativity and the special theory's flat-space assumptions, the model also suggests an alternative non-transverse frequency-shift relationship. This difference should be testable.

Eric Baird

1998-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

360

Localization and chiral symmetry in 2+1 flavor domain wall QCD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results for the dependence of the residual mass of domain wall fermions (DWF) on the size of the fifth dimension and its relation to the density and localization properties of low-lying eigenvectors of the corresponding hermitian Wilson Dirac operator relevant to simulations of 2+1 flavor domain wall QCD. Using the DBW2 and Iwasaki gauge actions, we generate ensembles of configurations with a $16^3\\times 32$ space-time volume and an extent of 8 in the fifth dimension for the sea quarks. We demonstrate the existence of a regime where the degree of locality, the size of chiral symmetry breaking and the rate of topology change can be acceptable for inverse lattice spacings $a^{-1} \\ge 1.6$ GeV.

David J. Antonio; Kenneth C. Bowler; Peter A. Boyle; Norman H. Christ; Michael A. Clark; Saul D. Cohen; Chris Dawson; Alistair Hart; Balint Joó; Chulwoo Jung; Richard D. Kenway; Shu Li; Meifeng Lin; Robert D. Mawhinney; Christopher M. Maynard; Shigemi Ohta; Robert J. Tweedie; Azusa Yamaguchi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Semantic technology in the oil and gas drilling domain.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Data integration and knowledge representation in the oil and gas drilling domain are two challenges much work is focused upon. They are important real-world challenges… (more)

Overĺ, Lars

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Nuclear morphology measurements using Fourier domain low coherence interferometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a new common path configuration Fourier domain low coherence interferometry (fLCI) optical system and demonstrate its capabilities by presenting results which determine the...

Graf, Robert; Wax, Adam

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs Abstract To satisfy the critical need for geothermal data to advance geothermal energy as...

364

Digestion time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Digestion time Digestion time Name: Don Mancosh Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I have always given the rule of thumb in class that material we eat is with us for about 24 hours before exiting the body. The question arises about the time value of liquids. Getting a big coke prior to a 3 hour drive generally means that there will be a stop along the way. Is there a generalization made about liquids in the body similar to the one for solid food? Replies: A physician would give a better answer, but I hazard this: the only liquids which people consume (deliberately) in significant quantities are water, ethyl alcohol and various oils. Water and alcohol are absorbed on a time scale of seconds to minutes through the mouth, stomach and digestive tract. The oils are huge molecules, so I'd guess like any other greasy food they get absorbed in the upper digestive tract. Some of them, perhaps the longest and most nonpolar, are not absorbed at all --- cf. the old-time remedy of mineral oil for constipation --- so there should be some average time-before-what's-left-is-excreted such as you're looking for, and my (wild) guess is that it would not differ substantially from that for food. You can define an average lifetime in the body for alcohol, since the natural level is zero. Rough guidelines are widespread in the context of drunk driving laws. But this is not really possible for water. One's body is normally full up to the brim with water, and there's no way for the body to distinguish between water molecules recently absorbed and molecules that've been moping around since the Beatles split up. Thus the water entering the toilet bowl after the pit stop is not in general the same water as was in the big coke. If you were to consider for water just the average time between drinking and peeing, it would seem to depend strongly on how well hydrated the body was before the drink, and how much was drunk. During sustained heavy exertion in the sun and dry air one can easily drink a pint of water an hour without peeing at all. On the other hand, if one is willing to drink enough water fast enough, so as to establish a high excess of body water one can pee 8 ounces 15 minutes or less after drinking 8 ounces.

365

Stripe Domain-Structures in a Thin Ferromagnetic Film  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theory of the stripe domain structure in a thin ferromagnetic film with single-ion easy-axis magnetic anisotropy and long-range dipole interactions, for a wide range of temperatures and applied magnetic field. The domains exist...

KASHUBA, AB; Pokrovsky, Valery L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

LNG FEM: Graded Meshes on Domains of Polygonal Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LNG FEM: Graded Meshes on Domains of Polygonal Structures Hengguang Li and Victor Nistor Abstract. We develop LNG FEM, a software package for graded mesh generation and for solving elliptic equations. LNG FEM gen- erates user-specified graded meshes on arbitrary 2D domains with straight edges

Nistor, Victor

367

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Single ferroelectric-domain photovoltaic switch based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Single ferroelectric-domain photovoltaic switch based on lateral BiFeO3 cells Ji serves as a basis for solid-state memory. This phenomenon can also yield an interesting photovoltaic imposed by the ferroelectric polarization vectors. Here, we demonstrate a single-domain photovoltaic

Jo, Moon-Ho

368

Important Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the subject-specific terms to enter in a query. For example, many university students often buy electronicImportant Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge Suresh K. Bhavnani School Many users have acquired a sophisticated understanding of searching the Web in specific domains

Bhavnani, Suresh K.

369

Interactive situation modelling in knowledge-intensive domains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper shows how knowledge from various sources in a knowledge intensive domain can be modelled using principles of ethnography. This is achieved by bridging the symmetry of ignorance gap that exists between process owners and system developers. ... Keywords: ethnography, knowledge intensive domains, requirement engineering, situation modelling, systems modelling

Kiran Jude Fernandes

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Building DomainSpecific Search Engines with Machine Learning Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.netpart.com lets the user search over company pages by hostname, company name, and location. ffl wwwBuilding Domain­Specific Search Engines with Machine Learning Techniques Andrew McCallum zy Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Abstract Domain­specific search engines

McCallum, Andrew

371

First Elements on Knowledge Discovery Guided by Domain Knowledge (KDDK)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First Elements on Knowledge Discovery Guided by Domain Knowledge (KDDK) Jean Lieber, Amedeo Napoli how knowledge discovery and knowl- edge processing may be combined. The knowledge discovery knowledge units. From a knowledge representa- tion perspective, the kdd process may take advantage of domain

Boyer, Edmond

372

Complexity of Dependencies in Bounded Domains, Armstrong Codes, and Generalizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complexity of Dependencies in Bounded Domains, Armstrong Codes, and Generalizations Yeow Meng Chee University, Singapore email: {ymchee, huizhang, xiandezhang}@ntu.edu.sg Abstract--The study of Armstrong systems, where attributes have bounded domains. A (q, k, n)-Armstrong code is a q-ary code of length n

Chee, Yeow Meng

373

Partially compressed-encrypted domain robust JPEG image watermarking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Digital media is often handled in a compressed and encrypted form in Digital Asset Management Systems. And watermarking of the compressed encrypted media items in the compressed-encrypted domain itself is required sometimes for copyright violation detection ... Keywords: Compressed-encrypted domain watermarking, JPEG watermarking

A. V. Subramanyam, Sabu Emmanuel

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Determinants of the Src Homology Domain 3-Like Fold  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...alignment of an ensemble of such domains from unrelated proteins shows a common...flexible and disordered (35, 36, 41...conservation within the ensemble. RESULTS Structure...density for the protein model is continuous...alignment of an ensemble of such domains from unrelated proteins shows a common...

J. Alejandro D'Aquino; Dagmar Ringe

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Structure of the phylogenetically most conserved domain of SRP RNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structure of the phylogenetically most conserved domain of SRP RNA ULI SCHMITZ,1 STEFAN BEHRENS,1, San Francisco, California 94143-0448, USA ABSTRACT The signal recognition particle (SRP of the endoplasmic reticulum of the bacterial plasma membrane. Domain IV of SRP RNA consists of a short stem

Walter, Peter

376

Overcoming Dataset Bias: An Unsupervised Domain Adaptation Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Overcoming Dataset Bias: An Unsupervised Domain Adaptation Approach Boqing Gong Dept. of Computer that recognition datasets are biased. Paying no heed to those biases, learning algorithms often result in classifiers with poor cross- dataset generalization. We are developing domain adaptation techniques to over

Grauman, Kristen

377

A certifying frontend for (sub)polyhedral abstract domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the overall abstract domain. The main contribution of the work described here is the design of the linkA certifying frontend for (sub)polyhedral abstract domains Alexis Fouilhe and Sylvain Boulmé Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, VERIMAG, F-38000 Grenoble, France {alexis.fouilhe,sylvain.boulme}@imag.fr Abstract. Convex

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

378

Domain-theoretic models of parametric polymorphism L. Birkedal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gives formal proof of solutions to a large class of recursive domain equations, which we explicate Copenhagen S, DENMARK, birkedal@itu.dk This work is sponsored by Danish Research Agency stipend no. 272 that such a calculus could serve as a very powerful metalanguage for domain theory in which one could also encode

Birkedal, Lars

379

Audio signal representations for indexing in the transform domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Audio signal representations for indexing in the transform domain Emmanuel Ravelli, Student--Indexing audio signals directly in the transform domain can potentially save a significant amount of computation to fully decode the signals. Here, we show that the representations used in standard transform-based audio

Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, Université

380

Female Team Overall Name Age Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time Pace Rank Time Rank Time Pace Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Female Team Overall Name Age Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time Pace Rank Time Rank Time Pace Time 1 Amy:56:27.6 Deborah Mc Eligot Deborah Storrings Male Team Overall Name Age Rank Time Rank Time Rank Time Pace Rank Time Rank Time Pace Time 1 Macon Fessenden 20 1 5:42.2 2 0:26.9 1 34:29.7 3:23 1 0:12.8 1 17:41.1 3

Suzuki, Masatsugu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Domain wall QCD with physical quark masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results for several light hadronic quantities ($f_\\pi$, $f_K$, $B_K$, $m_{ud}$, $m_s$, $t_0^{1/2}$, $w_0$) obtained from simulations of 2+1 flavor domain wall lattice QCD with large physical volumes and nearly-physical pion masses at two lattice spacings. We perform a short, O(3)%, extrapolation in pion mass to the physical values by combining our new data in a simultaneous chiral/continuum `global fit' with a number of other ensembles with heavier pion masses. We use the physical values of $m_\\pi$, $m_K$ and $m_\\Omega$ to determine the two quark masses and the scale - all other quantities are outputs from our simulations. We obtain results with sub-percent statistical errors and negligible chiral and finite-volume systematics for these light hadronic quantities, including: $f_\\pi$ = 130.2(9) MeV; $f_K$ = 155.5(8) MeV; the average up/down quark mass and strange quark mass in the $\\overline {\\rm MS}$ scheme at 3 GeV, 2.997(49) and 81.64(1.17) MeV respectively; and the neutral kaon mixing parameter, $B_K$, in the RGI scheme, 0.750(15) and the $\\overline{\\rm MS}$ scheme at 3 GeV, 0.530(11).

RBC; UKQCD collaborations; :; T. Blum; P. A. Boyle; N. H. Christ; J. Frison; N. Garron; R. J. Hudspith; T. Izubuchi; T. Janowski; C. Jung; A. Juettner; C. Kelly; R. D. Kenway; C. Lehner; M. Marinkovic; R. D. Mawhinney; G. McGlynn; D. J. Murphy; S. Ohta; A. Portelli; C. T. Sachrajda; A. Soni

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

382

Dynamics of domain wall networks with junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use a combination of analytic tools and an extensive set of the largest and most accurate three-dimensional field theory numerical simulations to study the dynamics of domain wall networks with junctions. We build upon our previous work and consider a class of models which, in the limit of large number N of coupled scalar fields, approaches the so-called ''ideal'' model (in terms of its potential to lead to network frustration). We consider values of N between N=2 and N=20, and a range of cosmological epochs, and we also compare this class of models with other toy models used in the past. In all cases we find compelling evidence for a gradual approach to scaling, strongly supporting our no-frustration conjecture. We also discuss the various possible types of junctions (including cases where there is a hierarchy of them) and their roles in the dynamics of the network. Finally, we provide a cosmological Zel'dovich-type bound on the energy scale of this kind of defect network: it must be lower than 10 keV.

Avelino, P. P.; Oliveira, J. C. R. E. [Centro de Fisica do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica da Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Martins, C. J. A. P. [Centro de Astrofisica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas s/n, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); DAMTP, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Menezes, J. [Centro de Fisica do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Centro de Astrofisica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas s/n, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Caixa Postal 5008, 58051-970 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba (Brazil); Menezes, R. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Caixa Postal 5008, 58051-970 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba (Brazil)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Definition: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Magnetics Frequency-Domain Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics AquaTrackTM, a controlled-source frequency domain magnetics tool (CS-FDM), is a patented invention by Willowstick Technologies. This technique is meant to characterize groundwater conditions and flow patterns up to 1,000 m depth.[1] References ↑ http://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/pdf/IGAstandard/SGW/2006/kofoed.pdf Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Controlled_Source_Frequency-Domain_Magnetics&oldid=590084" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

384

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area (Montgomery, Et Al., 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area (Montgomery, Et Al., 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Salt Wells Area Exploration Technique Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Activity Date 2004 - 2004 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis AMP Resource contracted Willowstick Technologies, LLC to conduct a Controlled Source-Frequency Domain Magnetics (CS-FDM) geophysical investigation at Salt Wells in order to characterize and delineate areas showing the greatest concentrations and highest temperatures of geothermal groundwater. The investigation also sought to map blind faults beneath the

385

Boojums and the Shapes of Domains in Monolayer Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Domains in Langmuir monolayers support a texture that is the two-dimensional version of the feature known as a boojum. Such a texture has a quantifiable effect on the shape of the domain with which it is associated. The most noticeable consequence is a cusp-like feature on the domain boundary. We report the results of an experimental and theoretical investigation of the shape of a domain in a Langmuir monolayer. A further aspect of the investigation is the study of the shape of a ``bubble'' of gas-like phase in such a monolayer. This structure supports a texture having the form of an inverse boojum. The distortion of a bubble resulting from this texture is also studied. The correspondence between theory and experiment, while not perfect, indicates that a qualitative understanding of the relationship between textures and domain shapes has been achieved.

Jiyu Fang; Ellis Teer; Charles M. Knobler; Kok-Kiong Loh; Joseph Rudnick

1997-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

386

Domain wall roughening in CoPt alloy films M. Jost 1 , J. Heimel 2 and T. Kleinefeld 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Domain wall roughening in CoPt alloy films M. Jost 1 , J. Heimel 2 and T. Kleinefeld 2 1 done to understand the phenomenon of interface roughening in a time independent (quenched) disordered while the noise term j(x; h(x; t)) roughens the interface and F denotes a homogenous driving force

Usadel, K. D.

387

Nano-Domain Analysis Via Massive Cluster Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry in the Event-by-Event Mode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

clusters useful probes to obtain molecular information from both nano-objects and nano-domains. The "event-by-event bombardment/detection mode" probes nano-objects one-at-a-time, while collecting and storing the corresponding secondary ion (SI) information...

Pinnick, Veronica Tiffany

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

388

Energy-momentum balance in particle - domain wall perforating collision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the energy-momentum balance in the perforating collision of a point particle with an infinitely thin planar domain wall within the linearized gravity in arbitrary dimensions. Since the metric of the wall increases with distance, the wall and the particle are never free, and their energy-momentum balance involves not only the instantaneous kinetic momenta, but also the non-local contribution of gravitational stresses. However, careful analysis shows that the stresses can be unambiguously divided between the colliding objects leading to definition of the gravitationally dressed momenta. These take into account for gravity in the same way as the potential energy does in the non-relativistic theory, but our treatment is fully relativistic. Another unusual feature of our problem is the non-vanishing flux of the total energy-momentum tensor through the lateral surface of the world tube. In this case the zero divergence of the energy-momentum tensor does not imply conservation of the total momentum defined as the integral over the space-like section of the tube. But one can still define the conservation low infinitesimally, passing to time derivatives of the momenta. Using this definition we establish the momentum balance in terms of the dressed particle and wall momenta.

D. V. Gal'tsov; E. Yu. Melkumova; P. A. Spiirin

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Learning domain abstractions for long lived robots   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent trends in robotics have seen more general purpose robots being deployed in unstructured environments for prolonged periods of time. Such robots are expected to adapt to different environmental conditions, and ...

Rosman, Benjamin Saul

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

390

Time-Domain Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography in Soft Biological Tissue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

......................................................................................................................... 65 ix LIST OF FIGURES Page Fig. 2.1. Schematic of the Mueller PS-OCT system. SLD, super-luminescent diode; PM...-luminescent diode (SLD)-based light source (Superlum; ? 0 = 1.3 ?m, FWHM-BW = 60 nm, output power 10 mW) is vertically polarized. A polarization modulator (Conoptics; fast axis at 45?) continuously modulates the source-polarization state with a 140 k...

Todorovic, Milos

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Detection of near-surface anisotropy in a weathered metamorphic schist using time-domain electromagnetics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

()( )2max min sin( ) 2 (5) where V is the voltage raised in the TX loop and ? is the azimuth of the TX-RX orientation relative to the strike of foliation. Theory predicts a two-lobed shape if the medium has vertical... 105 120 135 150 165 180 195 210 225 240 255 270 285 300 315 330 345 Gate 1 Gate 2 Gate 3 Gate 4 Gate 5 mV Figure 14. TDEM Survey 1, Location 1 data. This survey was conducted with a 25 meter TX-RX separation. Voltage readings [mV] in the RX...

Collins, Jamie Lynne

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

MRS signal quantitation: a review of time-and frequency-domain methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-PRO HLSVD with partial reorthogonalization [12] HSVD Hankel singular value decomposition [13] HTLS Hankel total least squares [14] HTLS-PK Hankel total least squares using prior knowledge [15] ICA independent

393

Rapid scanning terahertz time-domain magnetospectroscopy with a table-top  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan 4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University passes a beam splitter to make two synchronized pulses from one source. One of the pulses, the pump]. These methods use two ultrafast la- sers with a repetition rate offset, f , between a master laser (with

Natelson, Douglas

394

Light distribution in the erythrocyte under laser irradiation: a finite-difference time-domain calculation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In medical applications of low power laser irradiations, safety is one of the most concerning problems since the light focused by the biological object itself may cause damage of...

Wang, Xiao-Qian; Yu, Ji-Tong; Wang, Pei-Nan; Chen, Ji-Yao

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Approximating the time-domain radiative transfer equation using truncated Fourier series  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiative transfer equation describes propagation of light in scattering media. It is widely used model, with applications in medical imaging, astronomy and atmospheric sciences to...

Pulkkinen, Aki; Tarvainen, Tanja

396

Estimation of Time-Domain Calibration Parameters to Restore MIMO-TDD Channel Reciprocity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an overcrowding of the radio spectrum, spurring research in innovative radio transmission techniques like cognitive radio (CR). CR enables coexistence of secondary (unlicensed) systems with primary licensed sys.unice.fr Abstract--Spatial interweave cognitive radio opportunistically exploits spatial holes to enable

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

397

Three-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the diurnal and seasonal variations in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Schumann resonance parameters Heng Yang1 and Victor P. Pasko1 Received 3 October 2005; revised 27 January of Schumann resonances (SR) have been reported in a number of experiments. In this paper, a three to study the diurnal and seasonal variability of the power and frequency of the first Schumann resonance

Pasko, Victor

398

Combining frequency and time domain approaches to systems with multiple spike train input and output  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between neuronal spike trains. Prog Biophys Mol Biol Vapnikto systems with multiple spike train input and output D. R.Keywords Multiple spike trains · Neural coding · Maximum

Brillinger, D. R.; Lindsay, K. A.; Rosenberg, J. R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Analytical time domain electromagnetic field propagators and closed-form solutions for transmission lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An analytical solution for the coupled telegrapher’s equations in terms of the voltage and current on a homogeneous lossy transmission line and multiconductor transmission line is presented. The resulting telegrapher’s equation solution is obtained...

Jeong, Jaehoon

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

Robot-assisted motor activation monitored by time-domain optical brain imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Robot-assisted motor rehabilitation proved to be an effective supplement to conventional hand-to-hand therapy in stroke patients. In order to analyze and understand motor learning and...

Steinkellner, O; Wabnitz, H; Schmid, S; Steingräber, R; Schmidt, H; Krügerc, J; Macdonald, R

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Geophysical (time domain electromagnetic model) delineation of a shallow brine beneath a freshwater lake,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al., 1999] and (2) seepage from sediments beneath the lake [Braudo et al., 1970; Stiller et al., 1975; Stiller, 1994]. The average annual contribution of all sources is estimated to be 146,000 tons below lake's bottom, and to 2000­3500 mg/L at 5 m depth [Stiller, 1994]. On the basis of tritium data

Gvirtzman, Haim

402

OPTIMISATION OF TIME DOMAIN CONTROLLERS FOR SUPPLY SHIPS USING GENETIC ALGORITHMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of propulsion and heading controllers for marine vessels is presented in this thesis. The first part methodologies are used to provide the structure for propulsion and navigation controllers for a ship. Given that, given as inputs the current and desired state of the propulsion and heading dynamics, generate

Fernandez, Thomas

403

Spectral modeling of two incline cylinders with validation in the time domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clusters of long slender members such as risers or tendons are commonly found on deep water offshore platforms. Current practice is to space these slender structural members far enough apart to assume that they behave as a single cylinder without...

Oswalt, Aaron Jacob

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

404

Detecting coherent phonon wave effects in superlattices using time-domain thermoreflectance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superlattices (SLs), structures consisting of periodic layers of thin films of several angstroms to tens of nanometers thick, have unique electrical and thermal properties that make them well suited for applications in ...

Luckyanova, Maria N. (Maria Nickolayevna)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Abstract--While Coherence or Time Domain Optical tomography within highly scattering media observes the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, absorption, and fluorescence.. Techniques relying on ionizing radiation (e.g. X-ray, CT, SPECT, PET) subject the patient to a radiation dose that carries a small but finite potential detriment. This places a limit of biological tissues range from 10 cm-1 to >100 cm-1 , with total scattering being exponentially related

Chapman, Glenn H.

406

Cardiovascular control and time domain Granger causality: insights from selective autonomic blockade  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with k=1,2,3, but the coefficients of the polynomials were estimated again. (d) Statistical analysis Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance on ranks was applied (Dunn's test) to check whether parameters changed after drug...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Visualization of the nanospring dynamics of the IB ankyrin repeat domain in real time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between collapsed and extended conforma- tions under native conditions. intrinsically disordered protein NFkappaB transcription factor protein dynamics Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) contain unfolded of a protein whose functions depend critically on its disordered regions (4). IB is the crucial regulator

Komives, Elizabeth A.

408

Hydroxide Hydrogen Bonding: Probing the Solvation Structure through Ultrafast Time Domain Raman Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(6-8) It has also been supported by neutron scattering experiments that suggest coordination numbers between 3.5 and 5.(9, 10) In addition, Car–Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) calculations support the hypercoordination picture, suggesting a concentration and counterion-dependent distribution of 3–5 water molecules bonded to the hydroxide oxygen. ... (20, 30) The 15 fs pulses were generated by a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Sapphire laser with center wavelength of 800 nm, an 80 nm bandwidth, and an 800 mW average power. ... energy structure on the potential energy surface, because the water drifts to become attached to one of the first solvation shell waters. ...

Ismael A. Heisler; Kamila Mazur; Stephen R. Meech

2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

409

Determining articulator configuration in voiced stop consonants by matching time-domain patterns in pitch periods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis I will be concerned with linking the observed speechsignal to the configuration of articulators.Due to the potentially rapid motion of the articulators, the speechsignal can be highly non-stationary. The ...

Kondacs, Attila

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

410

Experimental time-domain controlled source electromagnetic induction for highly conductive targets detection and discrimination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

negative power of L. This is a basic description of a fractal (Mandelbrot, 1983). Topography and ore tonnage, for example, exhibit a fractal dimension (Turcotte, 1992). The same result is obtained for porosity in some sedimentary rocks (Katz and Thompson..., 1985). Recently, it has been shown that CSEM spatial profiles of apparent conductivity, using single frequency instruments, exhibit a power-law Fourier wavenumber spec- trum whose fractional exponent corresponds to a fractal (Everett and Weiss, 2002...

Benavides Iglesias, Alfonso

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

411

Observed baroclinic Energy Conversions in Wavenumbers Domain for Three Winters: A Time Series Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Daily European Centre for Medium Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) analyses (Reading, GB) for three winters were used to compute the two baroclinic energy transformations C(AgAm) (related to ?mTm? and zonal wavenumber m) and C(AmKm) (related to ?mTm? and m) ...

Heinz-Dieter Schilling

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

A Rigorous Time-Domain Analysis of Full--Wave Electromagnetic Cloaking (Invisibility)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is currently a great deal of interest in the theoretical and practical possibility of cloaking objects from the observation by electromagnetic waves. The basic idea of these invisibility devices \\cite{glu1, glu2, le},\\cite{pss1} is to use anisotropic {\\it transformation media} whose permittivity and permeability $\\var^{\\lambda\

Ricardo Weder

2007-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

413

Efficient self-synchronised blind audio watermarking system based on time domain and FFT amplitude modification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many audio watermarking schemes divide the audio signal into several blocks such that part of the watermark is embedded into each of them. One of the key issues in these block-oriented watermarking schemes is to preserve the synchronisation, i.e. to ... Keywords: Audio watermarking, Blind detection, FFT, Self-synchronisation, Transparency

David Megías; Jordi Serra-Ruiz; Mehdi Fallahpour

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Time Domain Interference Cancellation for Cognitive Radios and Future Wireless Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

switches with low equivalent resistance in the DAC for allis the equivalent turn-on resistance of the switches in the

Yang, Jing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Time Domain Interference Cancellation for Cognitive Radios and Future Wireless Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

68 Fig. 5-4 Thermometer-codedan example of a 10-bit thermometer-coded DAC [52]. There arefrom the binary-to-thermometer decoder. When the digital

Yang, Jing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Boussinesq Systems of Bona-Smith Type on Plane Domains: Theory and Numerical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a class of Boussinesq systems of Bona-Smith type in two space dimensions approximating surface wave flows modelled by the three-dimensional Euler equations. We show that various initial-boundary-value problems for these systems, posed on a bounded plane domain are well posed locally in time. In the case of reflective boundary conditions, the systems are discretized by a modified Galerkin method which is proved to converge in $L^2$ at an optimal rate. Numerical experiments are presented with the aim of simulating two-dimensional surface waves in complex plane domains with a variety of initial and boundary conditions, and comparing numerical solutions of Bona-Smith systems with analogous solutions of the BBM-BBM system.

Dougalis, Vassilios; Saut, Jean-Claude

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Time Brightness  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Perlmutter, et al., in Thermonuclear Supernovae, NATO ASI, v. 486 (1997) Perlmutter, et al., in Thermonuclear Supernovae, NATO ASI, v. 486 (1997) Cosmology from . . . Time Brightness ... . . . 50-100 Fields Lunar Calendar Scheduled Follow-Up Imaging at Hubble, Cerro Tololo, WIYN, Isaac Newton Scheduled Follow-Up Spectroscopy at Keck Almost 1000 Galaxies per Field RESULT: ~24 Type Ia supernovae discovered while still brightening, at new moon Berkeley Lab Keck WIYN Cerro Tololo Isaac Newton Hubble Strategy We developed a strategy to guarantee a group of supernova discoveries on a certain date. Just after a new moon, we observe some 50 to 100 high-galactic lattitute fields-each containing almost a thousand high-redshift galaxies-in two nights on the Cerro Tololo 4-meter telescope with Tyson & Bernstein's wide-field camera. We return three weeks later to observe the same

418

Definition: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Frequency-domain electromagnetic techniques are continuous wave field methods which enable the mapping of the electrical conductivity of the subsurface through electromagnetic induction.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Electromagnetic induction is the production of a potential difference (voltage) across a conductor when it is exposed to a varying magnetic field. Michael Faraday is generally credited with the discovery of induction in 1831 though it may have been anticipated by the work of Francesco Zantedeschi in 1829. Around 1830 to 1832, Joseph Henry made a similar discovery, but did not publish his findings until later. Faraday's

419

Domain area planning utility (DAPU) for planning wireless battlefield networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe the key design concepts of Domain Area Planning Utility (DAPU) developed by the PILSNER program to perform high-speed automated planning of Future Battlefield Networks (FBNs). DAPU processes multiple inputs from Resource Planning such as ...

Mariusz A. Fecko; John Unger; Sunil Samtani; Douglas Davey; Andrzej Cichocki; Bill Biagini; Paul Rego; Rick Stewart; Aristides Staikos

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Scaling reinforcement learning to the unconstrained multi-agent domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policies over continuous action spaces, which can reduce problem complexity for domains that require continuous action spaces (analog controllers) by eliminating the need to finely discretize the action space. Finally, we look at ways to perform...

Palmer, Victor

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Understanding Domain Registration Abuses Scott E. Coull1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding Domain Registration Abuses Scott E. Coull1 , Andrew M. White1 , Ting-Fang Yen2. Varadharajan, and C. Weber (Eds.): SEC 2010, IFIP AICT 330, pp. 68­79, 2010. c IFIP International Federation

Reiter, Michael

422

Understanding Domain Registration Abuses Scott E. Coull1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding Domain Registration Abuses Scott E. Coull1 , Andrew M. White1 , Ting-Fang Yen2 (Ed.) (2012) 68-79" DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-15257-3_7 #12;security problem underlying these behaviors

Boyer, Edmond

423

Domain wall induced magnetoresistance in a superconductor/ferromagnet nanowire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a nanowire consisting of a ferromagnet/insulator/superconductor multilayer structure, the superconductivity is shown to depend strongly on the configuration of the magnetic domain walls in the neighboring ferromagnetic ...

Miao, G. X.

424

The Observation of Highly Ordered Domains in Membranes with Cholesterol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rafts, or functional domains, are transient nano- or mesoscopic structures in the exoplasmic leaflet of the plasma membrane, and are thought to be essential for many cellular processes. Using neutron diffraction and computer modelling, we present evidence for the existence of highly ordered lipid domains in the cholesterol-rich (32.5 mol%) liquid-ordered (lo) phase of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine membranes. The liquid ordered phase in one-component lipid membranes has previously been thought to be a homogeneous phase. The presence of highly ordered lipid domains embedded in a disordered lipid matrix implies non-uniform distribution of cholesterol between the two phases. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with recent computer simulations of DPPC/cholesterol complexes [Meinhardt, Vink and Schmid (2013). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110(12): 4476 4481], which reported the existence of nanometer size lo domains in a liquid disordered lipid environment.

Armstrong, Clare L [McMaster University; Marquardt, Drew [Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, Canada; Dies, Hannah [McMaster University; Kucerka, Norbert [Canadian Neutron Beam Centre and Comelius University (Slovakia); Yamani, Zahra [Canadian Neutron Beam Centre, National Research Council, Chalk River Laboratorie; Harroun, Thad [Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, Canada; Katsaras, John [ORNL; Shi, A-C [McMaster University; Rheinstadter, Maikel C [McMaster University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Domain-specific Web Service Discovery with Service Class Descriptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents DynaBot, a domain-specific web service discovery system. The core idea of the DynaBot service discovery system is to use domain-specific service class descriptions powered by an intelligent Deep Web crawler. In contrast to current registry-based service discovery systems--like the several available UDDI registries--DynaBot promotes focused crawling of the Deep Web of services and discovers candidate services that are relevant to the domain of interest. It uses intelligent filtering algorithms to match services found by focused crawling with the domain-specific service class descriptions. We demonstrate the capability of DynaBot through the BLAST service discovery scenario and describe our initial experience with DynaBot.

Rocco, D; Caverlee, J; Liu, L; Critchlow, T J

2005-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

426

Domain growth in the random-field Ising model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study a continuum random-field model of domain growth in quenched nonequilibrium systems. We derive an equation of motion for the interfaces separating domains and find approximate solutions for the growth laws in two and three dimensions. We find what may be a dynamical mechanism for the theoretical prediction that the lower critical dimension of this model is d1=2. Our theoretical predictions can be tested experimentally or by computer simulation.

Martin Grant and J. D. Gunton

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

E-Print Network 3.0 - associating transmembrane domains Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

transmembrane domains Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: associating transmembrane domains Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 SUPPLEMENTARY...

428

Magnetic soft x-ray microscopy of the domain wall depinning process in permalloy magnetic nanowires  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R P 2002 Magnetic domain-wall logic Science 296 1688 [2]magnetic domain»wall nanowire shift register Science 320

Im, Mi-Young

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Finite-size domains in membranes with active two-state inclusions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The distribution of inclusion-rich domains in membranes with active two-state inclusions is studied by simulations. Our study shows that typical size of inclusion-rich domains ($L$) can be controlled by inclusion activities in several ways. When there is effective attraction between state-1 inclusions, we find: (i) Small domains with only several inclusions are observed for inclusions with time scales ($\\sim 10^{-3} {\\rm s}$) and interaction energy [$\\sim \\mathcal{O}({\\rm k_BT})$] comparable to motor proteins. (ii) $L$ scales as 1/3 power of the lifetime of state-1 for a wide range of parameters. (iii) $L$ shows a switch-like dependence on state-2 lifetime $k_{12}^{-1}$. That is, $L$ depends weakly on $k_{12}$ when $k_{12} k_{12}^*$, the crossover $k_{12}^*$ occurs when the diffusion length of a typical state-2 inclusion within its lifetime is comparable to $L$. (iv) Inclusion-curvature coupling provides another length scale that competes with the effects of transition rates.

Chien-Hsun Chen; Hsuan-Yi Chen

2006-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

430

Ferroelectric stripe domains in PbTiO{sub 3} thin films: Depolarization field and domain randomness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observation of stripe domains in PbTiO{sub 3} thin films using standard x-ray diffraction analysis at room temperature is discussed. High-quality c-axis oriented thin films of varying thickness, from 6 to 210 unit cells, were grown on buffered NH{sub 4}-HF etched SrTiO{sub 3}(001) and Nb:SrTiO{sub 3}(001) substrates using off-axis radio frequency magnetron sputtering. High-resolution linear Q{sub x} scans reveal a superstructure around the specular Bragg peaks, consistent with the presence of ferroelectric stripe domains. For thin samples, the stripe width is found to be proportional to the square root of the film thickness, with random in-plane orientation of domains. For films with a thickness of more than {approx}100 unit cells, both monodomain samples and stripe domains were observed. We present evidence for the presence of a threshold depolarization field, above which there is a monotonically decreasing relationship between the domain width and the depolarization field. Furthermore, simulations show that random variations in size of the domains affect the separation of the diffuse scattering peaks from that of the specular reflection.

Takahashi, R.; Dahl, O.; Eberg, E.; Grepstad, J. K.; Tybell, T. [Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, O. S. Bragstads plass 2a, 7491 Trondheim (Norway)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ENTITLED - DOMAIN WALL FERMIONS AT TEN YEARS (VOLUME 84)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The workshop was held to mark the 10th anniversary of the first numerical simulations of QCD using domain wall fermions initiated at BNL. It is very gratifying that in the intervening decade widespread use of domain wall and overlap fermions is being made. It therefore seemed appropriate at this stage for some ''communal introspection'' of the progress that has been made, hurdles that need to be overcome, and physics that can and should be done with chiral fermions. The meeting was very well attended, drawing about 60 registered participants primarily from Europe, Japan and the US. It was quite remarkable that pioneers David Kaplan, Herbert Neuberger, Rajamani Narayanan, Yigal Shamir, Sinya Aoki, and Pavlos Vranas all attended the workshop. Comparisons between domain wall and overlap formulations, with their respective advantages and limitations, were discussed at length, and a broad physics program including pion and kaon physics, the epsilon regime, nucleon structure, and topology, among others, emerged. New machines and improved algorithms have played a key role in realizing realistic dynamical fermion lattice simulations (small quark mass, large volume, and so on), so much in fact that measurements are now as costly. Consequently, ways to make the measurements more efficient were also discussed. We were very pleased to see the keen and ever growing interest in chiral fermions in our community and the significant strides our colleagues have made in bringing chiral fermions to the fore of lattice QCD calculations. Their contributions made the workshop a success, and we thank them deeply for sharing their time and ideas. Finally, we must especially acknowledge Norman Christ and Bob Mawhinney for their early and continued collaboration without which the success of domain wall fermions would not have been possible.

BLUM,T.; SONI,A.

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Safety and Line Capacity in Railways – An Approach in Timed CSP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Railways need to be safe and, at the same time, should offer high capacity. While the notion of safety is well understood in the railway domain, the meaning of capacity is understood only on an intuitive and i...

Yoshinao Isobe; Faron Moller; Hoang Nga Nguyen…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

A System-Level Electrostatic-Discharge-Protection Modeling Methodology for Time-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A System-Level Electrostatic-Discharge- Protection Modeling Methodology for Time- Domain Analysis. Index Terms--Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), electrostatic discharge (ESD), modeling, system level precise simulations of electrostatic discharge (ESD) stress propagation on a printed circuit board (PCB

Boyer, Edmond

434

Sampling Approaches for Multi-Domain Internet Performance Measurement Infrastructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The next-generation of high-performance networks being developed in DOE communities are critical for supporting current and emerging data-intensive science applications. The goal of this project is to investigate multi-domain network status sampling techniques and tools to measure/analyze performance, and thereby provide “network awareness” to end-users and network operators in DOE communities. We leverage the infrastructure and datasets available through perfSONAR, which is a multi-domain measurement framework that has been widely deployed in high-performance computing and networking communities; the DOE community is a core developer and the largest adopter of perfSONAR. Our investigations include development of semantic scheduling algorithms, measurement federation policies, and tools to sample multi-domain and multi-layer network status within perfSONAR deployments. We validate our algorithms and policies with end-to-end measurement analysis tools for various monitoring objectives such as network weather forecasting, anomaly detection, and fault-diagnosis. In addition, we develop a multi-domain architecture for an enterprise-specific perfSONAR deployment that can implement monitoring-objective based sampling and that adheres to any domain-specific measurement policies.

Calyam, Prasad

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Automatically structuring domain knowledge from text: An overview of current research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an overview of automatic methods for building domain knowledge structures (domain models) from text collections. Applications of domain models have a long history within knowledge engineering and artificial intelligence. In the last ... Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Domain models, Information retrieval, Natural language processing

Malcolm Clark; Yunhyong Kim; Udo Kruschwitz; Dawei Song; Dyaa Albakour; Stephen Dignum; Ulises Cervińo Beresi; Maria Fasli; Anne De Roeck

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Detection of high-conductivity bodies in the subsurface. Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Detection of the presence of a thermal anomaly through its resistivity signature. Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 2,928.38292,838 centUSD 2.928 kUSD 0.00293 MUSD 2.92838e-6 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 4,505.20450,520 centUSD

437

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Ă…-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

438

National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs Abstract To satisfy the critical need for geothermal data to advance geothermal energy as a viable renewable energy contender, the U.S. Department of Energy is in-vesting in the development of the National Geothermal Data System (NGDS). This paper outlines efforts among geothermal data providers nationwide to sup-ply cutting edge geoinformatics. NGDS geothermal data acquisition, delivery, and methodology are dis-cussed. In particular, this paper addresses the various types of data required to effectively assess

439

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Magnetic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Magnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Locate geothermal groundwater and flow patterns. Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 12,000.001,200,000 centUSD 12 kUSD 0.012 MUSD 1.2e-5 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 18,000.001,800,000 centUSD 18 kUSD 0.018 MUSD 1.8e-5 TUSD / mile High-End Estimate (USD): 25,000.002,500,000 centUSD

440

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Ă…-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Ă…-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

442

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Ă…-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

443

Definition: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Survey Electromagnetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Frequency-domain electromagnetic techniques are continuous wave field methods which enable the mapping of the electrical conductivity of the subsurface through electromagnetic induction.[1] Also Known As Controlled-Source EM References ↑ http://library.seg.org/doi/pdf/10.1190/1.1441531 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Frequency-Domain_Electromagnetic_Survey&oldid=591411" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services

444

SUBCRITICAL BUBBLES NEAR THE PHASE SPACE DOMAIN WALL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the subcritical bubble formation near the phase space domain wall. We take into account that the phase of the scalar field can vary using complex U(1) symmetric field and a phenomenological potential with cubic term responsible to symmetry breaking. We show that the presence of the domain wall induces subcritical bubbles so that their formation rate near the wall is considerably larger than far of it. The allowed deviations of the phases of new bubbles are so large that they prevent the system from induced nucleation.

J. Sirkka; I. Vilja

1995-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

445

Domain-growth kinetics of systems with soft walls  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has recently been suggested by Mouritsen on the basis of computer simulations that systems with soft domain walls exhibit slower domain growth than the R?t1/2 growth law predicted by Lifshitz and Allen and Cahn. We underscore the reasons to believe this interpretation of the data to be incorrect and draw attention to an experiment by Pindak, Young, Meyer, and Clark, whose results are in complete agreement with the predictions of Allen and Cahn. The reason for the unexpected growth dynamics observed in Mouritsen’s simulations is suggested.

Wim van Saarloos and Martin Grant

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

A domain decomposition method for pseudo-spectral electromagnetic simulations of plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pseudo-spectral electromagnetic solvers (i.e. representing the fields in Fourier space) have extraordinary precision. In particular, Haber et al. presented in 1973 a pseudo-spectral solver that integrates analytically the solution over a finite time step, under the usual assumption that the source is constant over that time step. Yet, pseudo-spectral solvers have not been widely used, due in part to the difficulty for efficient parallelization owing to global communications associated with global FFTs on the entire computational domains. A method for the parallelization of electromagnetic pseudo-spectral solvers is proposed and tested on single electromagnetic pulses, and on Particle-In-Cell simulations of the wakefield formation in a laser plasma accelerator. The method takes advantage of the properties of the Discrete Fourier Transform, the linearity of Maxwell’s equations and the finite speed of light for limiting the communications of data within guard regions between neighboring computational domains. Although this requires a small approximation, test results show that no significant error is made on the test cases that have been presented. The proposed method opens the way to solvers combining the favorable parallel scaling of standard finite-difference methods with the accuracy advantages of pseudo-spectral methods.

Vay, Jean-Luc, E-mail: jlvay@lbl.gov [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Haber, Irving; Godfrey, Brendan B. [University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)] [University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

IQGAP Proteins Reveal an Atypical Phosphoinositide (aPI) Binding Domain with a Pseudo C2 Domain Fold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Class I phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinases act through effector proteins whose 3-PI selectivity is mediated by a limited repertoire of structurally defined, lipid recognition domains. We describe here the lipid preferences and crystal structure of a new class of PI binding modules exemplified by select IQGAPs (IQ motif containing GTPase-activating proteins) known to coordinate cellular signaling events and cytoskeletal dynamics. This module is defined by a C-terminal 105-107 amino acid region of which IQGAP1 and -2, but not IQGAP3, binds preferentially to phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdInsP3). The binding affinity for PtdInsP3, together with other, secondary target-recognition characteristics, are comparable with those of the pleckstrin homology domain of cytohesin-3 (general receptor for phosphoinositides 1), an established PtdInsP3 effector protein. Importantly, the IQGAP1 C-terminal domain and the cytohesin-3 pleckstrin homology domain, each tagged with enhanced green fluorescent protein, were both re-localized from the cytosol to the cell periphery following the activation of PI 3-kinase in Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts, consistent with their common, selective recognition of endogenous 3-PI(s). The crystal structure of the C-terminal IQGAP2 PI binding module reveals unexpected topological similarity to an integral fold of C2 domains, including a putative basic binding pocket. We propose that this module integrates select IQGAP proteins with PI 3-kinase signaling and constitutes a novel, atypical phosphoinositide binding domain that may represent the first of a larger group, each perhaps structurally unique but collectively dissimilar from the known PI recognition modules.

Dixon, Miles J.; Gray, Alexander; Schenning, Martijn; Agacan, Mark; Tempel, Wolfram; Tong, Yufeng; Nedyalkova, Lyudmila; Park, Hee-Won; Leslie, Nicholas R.; van Aalten, Daan M.F.; Downes, C. Peter; Batty, Ian H. (Toronto); (Dundee)

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

448

NSLS User Access | Requesting Beam Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Requesting Beam Time Requesting Beam Time Use one of the following options depending on your research: General User Proposal General User proposals are peer reviewed for scientific merit by a Proposal Review Panel (PRP). General User proposals compete for beamtime with other General User Proposals based on scientific merit. Once the original proposal and beam time request is reviewed and rated in the PASS System, additional beam time requests can be submitted against the original proposal for its lifetime, a period of up to six cycles (two years). Data taken during experiments associated with a General User proposal is considered to be in the public domain. There is no charge for General User beamtime. Rapid Access Rapid Access proposals are a subset of General User proposals available for

449

Correlation and Contrast Link Formation Patterns in a Time Evolving Graph  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A time evolving graph is becoming increasingly abundant in a wide variety of application domains. While several classes of advanced frequent patterns in time evolving graphs are proposed, in this paper, correlation and contrast patterns on link formations ... Keywords: subgraph mining, time evolving graph, contrast patterns, correlation patterns

Tomonobu Ozaki; Minoru Etoh

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

10 DOMAIN-APPROPRIATE DEVICES * For a video example, see  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of drawing as its application area, and a process control system in a power plant has the domain of that power plant and its functions as its application area. However, most interactive systems use a lot of work into creating "meta- phors" in which the virtual, on-screen world resembles items

Borchers, Jan

451

Multi-agent Cooperative Cleaning of Expanding Domains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several recent works considered multi-a(ge)nt robotics in static environments. In this work we examine ways of operating in dynamic environments, where changes take place independently of the agentsâ?? activity. The work focuses on a dynamic ... Keywords: Collaborative cleaning, collaborative search, decentralized robots, expanding domains, grid search

Yaniv Altshuler; Vladimir Yanovski; Israel A Wagner; Alfred M Bruckstein

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Interpreting Performance Data Across Intuitive Domains Martin Schulz1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryInterpreting Performance Data Across Intuitive Domains Martin Schulz1 , Joshua A. Levine2 , Peer, USA 2 Scientific Computing and Imaging Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT {schulzm

Utah, University of

453

Hybrid Powertrain Design Using a Domain-Specific Modeling Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tools for automotive engineering. A face-off with modeling and simulation tools in the electronicsHybrid Powertrain Design Using a Domain- Specific Modeling Environment Wenzhong Gao1 , Sandeep--State of the art design tools in automotive engineering still lack the power, sophistication, and automation

Gray, Jeffrey G.

454

Catalytic Domain of Phosphoinositide-specific Phospholipase C (PLC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Catalytic Domain of Phosphoinositide-specific Phospholipase C (PLC) MUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF RESIDUES WITHIN THE ACTIVE SITE AND HYDROPHOBIC RIDGE OF PLC 1* (Received for publication, November 20, 1997 Institute, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, United Kingdom Structural studies of phospholipase C 1 (PLC

Williams, Roger L.

455

WHEELS: A CONVERSATIONAL SYSTEM IN THE AUTOMOBILE CLASSIFIEDS DOMAIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WHEELS: A CONVERSATIONAL SYSTEM IN THE AUTOMOBILE CLASSIFIEDS DOMAIN Helen Meng, Senis WHEELS is a conversational system which provides access to a database of eletronic automobile classified users to search through a database of 5,000 automobile classifieds. The current end-to-end system can re

456

Cognitive Domain: K=Knowledge S=Skill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitive Domain: K=Knowledge S=Skill AB=Attitude/Behavior Institutional Learning Objectives: K1 Knowledge of the normal structure of the human body (cell tissues and organs). K2 Knowledge of the normal function of the human body (cell tissues and organs). K3 Knowledge of the nature of agents and mechanisms

Finley Jr., Russell L.

457

BAYESIAN WAVELET-DOMAIN IMAGE MODELING USING HIDDEN MARKOV TREES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be approximately decorrelated. Energy Compaction: The wavelet transforms of real-world images-1892, USA ABSTRACT Wavelet-domain hidden Markov models have proven to be useful tools.for statistical signal and image processing. The hidden Markov tree (HMT) model captures the key features of the joint statistics

458

Multiferroic Domain Dynamics in Strained Strontium Titanate A. Vasudevarao,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiferroic Domain Dynamics in Strained Strontium Titanate A. Vasudevarao,1 A. Kumar,1 L. Tian,1 J (Received 19 June 2006; published 21 December 2006) Multiferroicity can be induced in strontium titanate to the ferroelectric mm2 phase, followed by a transition to a ferroelastic-ferroelectric mm2 phase in a strontium

Gopalan, Venkatraman

459

FACTS about threat Possible INTERVENTIONS Strong domain identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTS about threat Possible INTERVENTIONS Strong domain identification heightens the effect are able to self affirm in difficult situations can lessen the effects of threat. Encourage students to use to students not under threat. Educate students on self talk! Teach them to pay close attention

Chisholm, Rex L.

460

Applying electronic contracting to the aerospace aftercare domain Felipe Meneguzzia,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applying electronic contracting to the aerospace aftercare domain Felipe Meneguzzia, , Sanjay The contract project was a European Commission project whose aim was to develop frame- works, components contracts. In this context, an electronic contract provides a specifi- cation of the expected behaviours

Luck, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Solution Structure of an Arabidopsis WRKY DNA Binding Domain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in the electrostatic energy gain for each domain...accurate comparison of free energies, including an evaluation...and the lowest total energies were selected as accepted...partially conducted using the resources in the Computer Center...responses to stress. Solar ultraviolet-B radiation...

Kazuhiko Yamasaki; Takanori Kigawa; Makoto Inoue; Masaru Tateno; Tomoko Yamasaki; Takashi Yabuki; Masaaki Aoki; Eiko Seki; Takayoshi Matsuda; Yasuko Tomo; Nobuhiro Hayami; Takaho Terada; Mikako Shirouzu; Akiko Tanaka; Motoaki Seki; Kazuo Shinozaki; Shigeyuki Yokoyama

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

462

Projective lines over one-dimensional semilocal domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ian domain A, we have dim(B) ? 2 so dim(B) = 2. At most finitely many of the height-one maximals ..... f = r0 + r1(y/x) + ... + (y/x)n, then N is the unique height-

2013-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

463

Familiarity Breeds Trust: Collective Action in a Policy Domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Familiarity Breeds Trust: Collective Action in a Policy Domain Mark Lubell University of California), a variety of public policy settings like taxpaying (Levi 1988; Scholz and Lubell 1998a, 1998b) and environmental policy (Lubell 2003; Ostrom 1990; Scheberle 1997), and more fundamen- tally for citizens engaged

Lubell, Mark

464

BLINK: Pixel-Domain Encryption for Secure Document Idris Atakli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be a video cable with an integrated decoder box; its interface is a single switch by which the user canBLINK: Pixel-Domain Encryption for Secure Document Management Idris Atakli Department of Electrical. The primary application is delivery of confidential documents that can only be viewed by a specific machine

Chen, Yu

465

ROO: Involving Domain Experts in Authoring OWL Ronald Denaux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Authoring, Controlled Natural Language Interfaces, Evaluation of Ontology Building Tools, Geographical process and improve the quality of the resultant ontologies. Recently, controlled language (CL) interfaces domain experts' definition of ontologies in OWL by allowing them to author the ontology in a controlled

Dimitrova, Vania

466

IDENTIFICATION OF MATERIAL DAMAGE IN TWO DIMENSIONAL DOMAINS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFICATION OF MATERIAL DAMAGE IN TWO DIMENSIONAL DOMAINS USING SQUID BASED NDE SYSTEM H on such problems entails quantitative nondestructive evaluation methods in SQUID-based NDE system [1]. It is well, SQUID based nondestructive evaluation (NDE) systems using injection current methods have been recently

467

IDENTIFICATION OF MATERIAL DAMAGE IN TWO DIMENSIONAL DOMAINS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFICATION OF MATERIAL DAMAGE IN TWO DIMENSIONAL DOMAINS USING SQUID BASED NDE SYSTEM H#ort on such problems entails quantitative nondestructive evaluation methods in SQUID­based NDE system [1]. It is well nondestructive evaluation (NDE) systems using injection current methods have been recently developed [3, 4

468

Structures of the spectrin-ankyrin interaction binding domains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As key components of the erythrocyte membrane skeleton, spectrin and ankyrin specifically interact to tether the spectrin cytoskeleton to the cell membrane. The structure of the spectrin binding domain of ankyrin and the ankyrin binding domain of spectrin have been solved to elucidate the structural basis for ankyrin-spectrin recognition. The structure of repeats 14 and 15 of spectrin shows that these repeats are similar to all other spectrin repeats. One feature that could account for the preference of ankyrin for these repeats is the presence of a conserved, negatively charged patch on one side of repeat 14. The structure of the ankyrin ZU5 domain shows a novel structure containing a {beta} core. The structure reveals that the canonical ZU5 consensus sequence is likely to be missing an important region that codes for a {beta} strand that forms part of the core of the domain. In addition, a positively charged region is suggestive of a binding surface for the negatively charged spectrin repeat 14. Previously reported mutants of ankyrin that map to this region lie mostly on the surface of the protein, although at least one is likely to be part of the core.

Ipsaro, Jonathan J.; Huang, Lei; Mondragón, Alfonso; (NWU)

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

469

Audio signal representations for indexing in the transform domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Audio signal representations for indexing in the transform domain Emmanuel Ravelli, Ga¨el Richard, Senior Member, IEEE, and Laurent Daudet, Member, IEEE Abstract--Indexing audio signals directly that the representations used in standard transform-based audio codecs (e.g. MDCT for AAC, or hybrid PQF/MDCT for MP3) have

Richard, Gaël

470

Databases on the Web: national web domain survey Denis Shestakov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Aalto University Konemiehentie 2, Espoo, 02150 Finland denis.shestakov@aalto.fi ABSTRACT The deep Web of the deep Web by sampling one national web domain. We report some of our results ob- tained when surveying the Russian Web. The survey find- ings, namely the size estimates of the deep Web, could be useful for further

Hammerton, James

471

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

472

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

473

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

474

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

475

Precision Timed Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.4 Precision Timed Machines . . . . .Precision Timed Machine 2.1precision timed (PRET) machine. pages 264–265, June 2007. [

Liu, Isaac Suyu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

IGR For GR/M76881/01: Generating Summaries of Time-Series Data (SumTime) Background/Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of numerical time-series data. The modern world is being flooded with such data. For example, a typical gas-turbine summaries of data currently must be written by people. The goal of SumTime was to develop technology worked in three domains: weather forecasts, summaries of gas-turbine sensor data, and summaries of sensor

Sripada, Yaji

477

Hippocampal ``Time Cells'': Time versus Path Integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neuron Article Hippocampal ``Time Cells'': Time versus Path Integration Benjamin J. Kraus,1 function of hippocampal networks (Etienne and Jeffery, 2004; McNaughton et al., 1991, 1996, 2006; O

Hasselmo, Michael

478

Time-Dependent Kohn-Sham Theory with Memory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In time-dependent density-functional theory, exchange and correlation (xc) beyond the adiabatic approximation can be described by viscoelastic stresses in the electron liquid. In the time domain, the resulting velocity-dependent xc vector potential has a memory containing short- and long-range components, leading to decoherence and energy relaxation. We solve the associated time-dependent Kohn-Sham equations, including the dependence on densities and currents at previous times, for the case of charge-density oscillations in a quantum well. We illustrate xc memory effects, clarify the dissipation mechanism, and extract intersubband relaxation rates for weak and strong excitations.

H. O. Wijewardane and C. A. Ullrich

2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Investigation of Unusual Albedos in the SGP Domain  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Investigation of Unusual Albedos in the SGP Domain Investigation of Unusual Albedos in the SGP Domain Groff, David ARM SGP Duchon, Claude University Of Oklahoma Category: Atmospheric State and Surface We investigate the cause of unusually high albedos at an Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) extended facility near Morris, OK. In a previous study, daily albedos were calculated at several SGP extended facilities for 1998 and 1999 using broadband (.28 to 3 microns) pyranometers. The average daily albedo during this period was calculated to be at least about 5% higher at Morris than at any of the other SGP extended facilities. Surface based measurements of daily albedos at Morris and two nearby SGP extended facilities during 2004 and 2005 suggest the unusually high albedo measurements at Morris are real.

480

Stopbands in the existence domains of acoustic solitons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fully nonlinear Sagdeev pseudopotential approach is used to study the existence domain of fast mode ion-acoustic solitons in a three-species plasma composed of cold and warm adiabatic positive ion species and Boltzmann electrons. It is shown that for appropriate values of the cold-to-warm ion charge-to-mass ratio, ?, and the effective warm ion-to-electron temperature ratio, ?, there is a range in cold to warm ion charge density ratio, f, over which a stopband in soliton speed exists. Solitons do not propagate in the stopband, although they can occur for both higher and lower speeds. The stopbands are associated with a limiting curve of the existence domain that is double-valued in speed for a range of values of f. Analytical estimates of the upper and lower limits of ? and ? that support stopbands are found. It is suggested that, inter alia, the analysis should be applicable to the solar wind plasma.

Nsengiyumva, F., E-mail: franco.nseng@gmail.com; Hellberg, M. A., E-mail: hellberg@ukzn.ac.za; Mace, R. L., E-mail: macer@ukzn.ac.za [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa); Verheest, F., E-mail: frank.verheest@ugent.be [School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4000 (South Africa); Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, B–9000 Gent (Belgium)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Time in quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION II. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT A. Classical Mechanics B. Quantum Theory . C. The Problem 3 4 6 III. TIME ATOMS AND DISCRETE TIME A. The Earliest Applications of Atomistic and Discrete Time . . . . . B. The Radiating Electron... . C. Quantum Field Theory 8 10 l2 IV. TIME OPERATOR FORMULATIONS 16 A. Advocates Against a Time Operator . B. The Possibility of a Time Operator C, Advocates in Favor of a Time Operator D. A Restricted Time Delay Operator: Scattering Theory...

Chapin, Kimberly R.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

482

In-medium effects for nuclear matter in the Fermi energy domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study nuclear stopping in central collisions for heavy-ion induced reactions in the Fermi energy domain, between $15$ and $100$ A\\,\\textrm{MeV}. Using the large dataset of exclusive measurements provided by the $4\\pi$ array \\emph{INDRA}, we determine the relative degree of stopping as a function of system mass and bombarding energy. We show that the stopping can be directly related to the transport properties in the nuclear medium. By looking specifically at free nucleons (here protons), we present for the first time a comprehensive body of experimental results concerning the mean free path, the nucleon-nucleon cross-section and in-medium effects in nuclear matter. It is shown that the mean free path exhibits a maximum at $\\lambda_{NN}=9.5 \\pm 2$ \\textrm{fm}, around $E_{inc}=35-40$ A\\,\\textrm{MeV} incident energy and decreases toward an asymptotic value $\\lambda_{NN}= 4.5 \\pm 1$ \\textrm{fm} at $E_{inc} = 100$ A\\,\\textrm{MeV}. After accounting for Pauli blocking of elastic nucleon-nucleon collisions, it is shown that the effective in-medium \\emph{NN} cross section is further reduced compared to the free value in this energy range. Therefore, in-medium effects cannot be neglected in the Fermi energy range. These results bring new fundamental inputs for microscopic descriptions of nuclear reactions in the Fermi energy domain.

O. Lopez; D. Durand; G. Lehaut; B. Borderie; M. F. Rivet; R. Bougault; E. Galichet; D. Guinet; N. Le Neindre; P. Marini; P. Napolitani; M. Pârlog; E. Rosato; G. Spadaccini; E. Vient; M. Vigilante

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

483

Co-existence of Gel and Fluid Lipid Domains in Single-component Phospholipid Membranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lateral nanostructures in membranes, so-called rafts, are believed to strongly influence membrane properties and functions. The experimental observation of rafts has proven difficult as they are thought to be dynamic structures that likely fluctuate on nano- to microsecond time scales. Using neutron diffraction we present direct experimental evidence for the co-existence of gel and fluid lipid domains in a single-component phospholipid membrane made of DPPC as it undergoes its main phase transition. The coherence length of the neutron beam sets a lower limit for the size of structures that can be observed. Neutron coherence lengths between 30 and 242A used in this study were obtained by varying the incident neutron energy and the resolution of the neutron spectrometer. We observe Bragg peaks corresponding to co-existing nanometer sized structures, both in out-of-plane and in-plane scans, by tuning the neutron coherence length. During the main phase transition, instead of a continuous transition that shows a pseudo-critical behavior, we observe the co-existence of gel and fluid domains.

Armstrong, Clare L [McMaster University; Barrett, M [McMaster University; Toppozini, L [McMaster University; Yamani, Zahra [Canadian Neutron Beam Centre, National Research Council, Chalk River Laboratorie; Kucerka, Norbert [Canadian Neutron Beam Centre and Comelius University (Slovakia); Katsaras, John [ORNL; Fragneto, Giovanna [Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL); Rheinstadter, Maikel C [McMaster University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Finite-size Domains in a Membrane with Two-state Active Inclusions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a model that leads to the formation of non-equilibrium finite-size domains in a biological membrane. Our model considers the active conformational change of the inclusions and the coupling between inclusion density and membrane curvature. Two special cases with different interactions are studied by Monte Carlo simulations. In case (i) exited state inclusions prefer to aggregate. In case (ii) ground state inclusions prefer to aggregate. When the inclusion density is not coupled to the local membrane curvature, in case (i) the typical length scale ($\\sqrt{M}$) of the inclusion clusters shows weak dependence on the excitation rate ($K_{on}$) of the inclusions for a wide range of $K_{on}$ but increases fast when $K_{on}$ becomes sufficiently large; in case (ii) $\\sqrt{M}\\sim {K_{on}}^{-{1/3}}$ for a wide range of $K_{on}$. When the inclusion density is coupled to the local membrane curvature, the curvature coupling provides the upper limit of the inclusion clusters. In case (i) (case (ii)), the formation of the inclusions is suppressed when $K_{off}$ ($K_{on}$) is sufficiently large such that the ground state (excited state) inclusions do not have sufficient time to aggregate. We also find that the mobility of an inclusion in the membrane depends on inclusion-curvature coupling. Our study suggests possible mechanisms that produce finite-size domains in biological membranes.

Chien-Hsun Chen

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

485

Understanding domain registration abuses Scott E. Coull a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding domain registration abuses Scott E. Coull a, *, Andrew M. White b , Ting-Fang Yen c Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA c RSA Laboratories, Cambridge, MA 02140, USA a r t i c l e i n f o author. E-mail addresses: scott.coull@redjack.com (S.E. Coull), amw@cs.unc.edu (A.M. White), tingfang

Reiter, Michael

486

Complex Domain Chemical Process Simulation in Theory and in Practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complex Domain Chemical Process Simulation in Theory and in Practice† ... However, care must be exercised in developing algorithms where signs of variables or other quantities are used to make decisions (e.g., in exchanging basic and nonbasic variables in simplex tableaus, adding and deleting inequalities in active set strategies, etc.). ... However, I cannot decide if I am enthusiastic about the usefulness of such an approach for optimization or not. ...

Angelo Lucia

2000-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

487

Simulating Acoustic Emission: the Noise of Collapsing Domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,26 , magnetization measurements 27 , calorimetry 15,28 , resistivity 29,30 and capacitance measurements 31 , and optical observations 24,32 . In comparison with these techniques, AE appears to be the most popular method for the observation of intense jerks... to the same energy change. We will now analyze the elementary movements of the twinning and de-twinning processes and compare the energies with those of the yield event. A. Collapse of spanning needle domains in the horizontal direction The formation...

Salje, E.K.H.; Wang, X; Ding, X; Sun, J

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

488

Domain wall network evolution in (N+1)-dimensional FRW universes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop a velocity-dependent one-scale model for the evolution of domain wall networks in flat expanding or collapsing homogeneous and isotropic universes with an arbitrary number of spatial dimensions, finding the corresponding scaling laws in frictionless and friction dominated regimes. We also determine the allowed range of values of the curvature parameter and the expansion exponent for which a linear scaling solution is possible in the frictionless regime.

Avelino, P. P. [Centro de Fisica do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica da Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba 58051-970 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba (Brazil); Sousa, L. [Centro de Fisica do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica da Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Domain growth in the random-field Ising model: The breakdown of self-similar scaling in two dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study a continuum random-field model of unstable domain growth in deep far-from-equilibrium quenches. We analyze the interfacial dynamics of the evolving domains and determine the growth laws and the structure factors in two and three dimensions. Our results can be interpreted as kinetic arguments, complementary to the equilibrium arguments of Imry and Ma, which are consistent with a lower critical dimension dl=2. In d=2 dimensions, we find that phase separation apparently stops, and that, as time tends to infinity, the renormalized "surface tension" vanishes. The results we obtain for the structure factor indicate that nonequilibrium scaling breaks down for d?2. Our theoretical predictions can be tested experimentally, or by computer simulation.

Martin Grant and J. D. Gunton

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

E-Print Network 3.0 - adam22 pro domain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 pro domain Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: adam22 pro domain Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Role of Leucine-Rich Repeat Proteins in...

491

E-Print Network 3.0 - atp catalytic domain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

domain Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atp catalytic domain Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology Thomas E....

492

E-Print Network 3.0 - atp binding domain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

domain Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atp binding domain Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ATP Utilization by Yeast Replication Factor C...

493

Structure of the DUF2233 Domain in Bacteria and the Stuttering...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the DUF2233 Domain in Bacteria and the Stuttering-associated UCE Glycoprotein Wednesday, July 31, 2013 UCE figure DUF2233, a Domain of Unknown Function (DUF), is present in 1200...

494

A Thesaurus and Online Encyclopedia Merging Method for Large Scale Domain-Ontology Automatic Construction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While building the large-scale domain ontology, the traditional manually-based construction method is low efficient and not feasible. In order to construct the large scale domain-ontology automatically; therefore...

Ting Wang; Jicheng Song; Ruihua Di; Yi Liang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Phenomenological theory of a single domain wall in uniaxial trigonal ferroelectrics: Lithium niobate and lithium tantalate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological theory of a single domain wall in uniaxial trigonal ferroelectrics: Lithium niobate and lithium tantalate David A. Scrymgeour and Venkatraman Gopalan Department of Materials Science, lithium niobate and lithium tantalate. The contributions to the domain- wall energy from polarization

Gopalan, Venkatraman

496

A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical Parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical of Mechanical Engineering) ABSTRACT Within a wave energy converter's operational bandwidth, device operation

Victoria, University of

497

Hierarchical Mixed-Domain Circuit Simulation, Synthesis and Extraction Methodology for MEMS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emerging results for mixed-domain circuit simulation, a component-level synthesis strategy, and a layout extractor is presented for use in design of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). The mixed-domain circuit representation is based on Kirchhoffian ...

Tamal Mukherjee; Gary K. Fedder

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - ankyrin repeat domain-containing Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

domain-containing Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ankyrin repeat domain-containing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Ankyrin-B...

499

Cross-domain comparison of quantitative technology improvement using patent derived characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis compares the performance improvement rates of 28 technological domains with characteristics derived from the patents of the domains, seeking to objectively test theories of how and why technologies change over ...

Benson, Christopher Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

E-Print Network 3.0 - apiai domain se Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Matematiska institutionen, Uppsala Universitet Collection: Mathematics 42 Service Oriented Architecture Introduction and Research Issues Summary: Domain Area Context Business...