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1

Modular and deformable touch-sensitive surfaces based on time domain reflectometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time domain reflectometry, a technique originally used in diagnosing cable faults, can also locate where a cable is being touched. In this paper, we explore how to extend time domain reflectometry in order to touch-enable thin, modular, and deformable ... Keywords: TDR, capacitive sensing, deformable, input, time domain reflectometry, touch sensing, wearable

Raphael Wimmer; Patrick Baudisch

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Method and Apparatus for Monitoring the Integrity of a Geomembrane Liner using time Domain Reflectometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Leaks are detected in a multi-layered geomembrane liner by a two-dimensional time domain reflectometry (TDR) technique. The TDR geomembrane liner is constructed with an electrically conductive detection layer positioned between two electrically non-conductive dielectric layers, which are each positioned between the detection layer and an electrically conductive reference layer. The integrity of the TDR geomembrane liner is determined by generating electrical pulses within the detection layer and measuring the time delay for any reflected electrical energy caused by absorption of moisture by a dielectric layer.

Morris, John L.

1998-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

3

Method and apparatus for monitoring the integrity of a geomembrane liner using time domain reflectometry  

SciTech Connect

Leaks are detected in a multi-layered geomembrane liner by a two-dimensional time domain reflectometry (TDR) technique. The TDR geomembrane liner is constructed with an electrically conductive detection layer positioned between two electrically non-conductive dielectric layers, which are each positioned between the detection layer and an electrically conductive reference layer. The integrity of the TDR geomembrane liner is determined by generating electrical pulses within the detection layer and measuring the time delay for any reflected electrical energy caused by absorption of moisture by a dielectric layer.

Morrison, John L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2001-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

4

Method of glass melter electrode length measurement using time domain reflectometry (TDR)  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention overcomes the drawbacks inherent in the prior art and solves the problems inherent in conventional Joule-heated vitrification melters, where the melter preferably comprises a vessel having a refractory liner and an opening for receiving material which is converted into molten vitreous material in the vessel. The vessel has an outlet port for removing molten vitreous material from the vessel. A plurality of electrodes is disposed in the vessel and electrical energy is passed between electrode pairs through feed material and molten vitreous material in the vessel. Typically, the electrodes erode and wear in time, and this invention seeks to monitor and evaluate the length and condition of the electrodes. The present invention uses time domain reflectometry (TDR) methods to accurately measure the length of an electrode that is subject to wear and electrolytic decomposition due to the extreme conditions in which the electrode is required to operate. Specifically, TDR would be used to measure the length and effects of erosion of molybdenum electrodes used in Joule-heated vitrification melter. Of course, the inventive concept should not be limited to this preferred environment.

Tarpley, James M.; Zamecnik, John R.

2000-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

5

Errors in determination of soil water content using time-domain reflectometry caused by soil compaction around wave guides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application of time domain reflectometry (TDR) in soil hydrology often involves the conversion of TDR-measured dielectric permittivity to water content using universal calibration equations (empirical or physically based). Deviations of soil-specific calibrations from the universal calibrations have been noted and are usually attributed to peculiar composition of soil constituents, such as high content of clay and/or organic matter. Although it is recognized that soil disturbance by TDR waveguides may have impact on measurement errors, to our knowledge, there has not been any quantification of this effect. In this paper, we introduce a method that estimates this error by combining two models: one that describes soil compaction around cylindrical objects and another that translates change in bulk density to evolution of soil water retention characteristics. Our analysis indicates that the compaction pattern depends on the mechanical properties of the soil at the time of installation. The relative error in water content measurement depends on the compaction pattern as well as the water content and water retention properties of the soil. Illustrative calculations based on measured soil mechanical and hydrologic properties from the literature indicate that the measurement errors of using a standard three-prong TDR waveguide could be up to 10%. We also show that the error scales linearly with the ratio of rod radius to the interradius spacing.

Ghezzehei, T.A.

2008-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

6

Method and apparatus for active tamper indicating device using optical time-domain reflectometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical time-domain reflectometer (OTDR) launches pulses of light into a link or a system of multiplexed links and records the waveform of pulses reflected by the seals in the link(s). If a seal is opened, the link of cables will become a discontinuous transmitter of the light pulses and the OTDR can immediately detect that a seal has been opened. By analyzing the waveform, the OTDR can also quickly determine which seal(s) were opened. In this way the invention functions as a system of active seals. The invention is intended for applications that require long-term surveillance of a large number of closures. It provides immediate tamper detection, allows for periodic access to secured closures, and can be configured for many different distributions of closures. It can monitor closures in indoor and outdoor locations and it can monitor containers or groups of containers located many kilometers apart.

Smith, D. Barton (Oak Ridge, TN); Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenoir City, TN); Pickett, Chris A. (Clinton, TN); Earl, D. Duncan (Knoxville, TX)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Optical coherence domain reflectometry guidewire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A guidewire with optical sensing capabilities is based on a multiplexed optical coherence domain reflectometer (OCDR), which allows it to sense location, thickness, and structure of the arterial walls or other intra-cavity regions as it travels through the body during minimally invasive medical procedures. This information will be used both to direct the guidewire through the body by detecting vascular junctions and to evaluate the nearby tissue. The guidewire contains multiple optical fibers which couple light from the proximal to distal end. Light from the fibers at the distal end of the guidewire is directed onto interior cavity walls via small diameter optics such as gradient index lenses and mirrored corner cubes. Both forward viewing and side viewing fibers can be included. The light reflected or scattered from the cavity walls is then collected by the fibers, which are multiplexed at the proximal end to the sample arm of an optical low coherence reflectometer. The guidewire can also be used in nonmedical applications.

Colston, Billy W. (Livermore, CA); Everett, Matthew (Pleasanton, CA); Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Birefringence insensitive optical coherence domain reflectometry system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A birefringence insensitive fiber optic optical coherence domain reflectometry (OCDR) system is provided containing non-polarization maintaining (non-PM) fiber in the sample arm and the reference arm without suffering from signal degradation caused by birefringence. The use of non-PM fiber significantly reduces the cost of the OCDR system and provides a disposable or multiplexed section of the sample arm. The dispersion in the reference arm and sample arm of the OCDR system are matched to achieve high resolution imaging. This system is useful in medical applications or for non-medical in situ probes. The disposable section of non-PM fiber in the sample arm can be conveniently replaced when contaminated by a sample or a patient.

Everett, Matthew J. (Livermore, CA); Davis, Joseph G. (Lafayette, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Catheter guided by optical coherence domain reflectometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A guidance and viewing system based on multiplexed optical coherence domain reflectometry is incorporated into a catheter, endoscope, or other medical device to measure the location, thickness, and structure of the arterial walls or other intra-cavity regions at discrete points on the medical device during minimally invasive medical procedures. The information will be used both to guide the device through the body and to evaluate the tissue through which the device is being passed. Multiple optical fibers are situated along the circumference of the device. Light from the distal end of each fiber is directed onto the interior cavity walls via small diameter optics (such as gradient index lenses and mirrored corner cubes). Both forward viewing and side viewing fibers can be included. The light reflected or scattered from the cavity walls is then collected by the fibers and multiplexed at the proximal end to the sample arm of an optical low coherence reflectometer. The system may also be implemented in a nonmedical inspection device.

Everett, Matthew (Pleasanton, CA); Colston, Billy W. (Livermore, CA); Da Silva, Luiz B. (Danville, CA); Matthews, Dennis (Moss Beach, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

An evaluation of hydrologic, geotechnical, and chemical behavior of processed oil shale solid waste 2; The use of time domain reflectometry (TDR) for monitoring in-situ volumetric water content in processed oil shale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the use of time domain reflectometry (TDR) for monitoring volumetric water contents in processed oil shale solid waste. TDR measures soil water content via a correlation between the dielectric constant (K) of the 3 phase (soil-water-air) system and the volumetric water content ({theta}{sub v}). An extensive bench top research program has been conducted to evaluate and verify the use of this technique in processed oil shale solid waste. This study utilizes columns of processed oil shale packed to known densities and varying water contents and compares the columetric water content measured via TDR and the volumetric water content measured through gravimetric determination.

Reeves, T.L.; Elgezawi, S.M. (Wyoming Univ., Laramie, WY (USA). Dept. of Civil Engineering); Kaser, T.G. (GIGO Computer and Electronic, Laramie, WY (US))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Temperature-profile determination using frequency-domain reflectometry  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The temperature distribution along a coaxial electrical cable can be determined by means of frequency-domain reflectometry if the cable has an inner sheath of a suitable temperature-sensitive dielectric material. Such a technique would have advantages in cost and convenience over the conventional method of placing a separate thermocouple at each point where the temperature is to be measured. It would be especially useful for underground applications in assessing geothermal reservoirs and in instrumenting in situ coal-gasification and oil-shale-retorting experiments.

Lytle, R.J.; Myers, G.K.

1976-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

12

Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Details Activities (10) Areas (10) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Detection of rock units or geological features with contrasting apparent resistivity. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural information may be inferred from TDEM data. Hydrological: Hydrological information such as depth to groundwater table may be determined. Thermal: Extent of hydrothermal alteration mineralogy may be inferred. Cost Information

13

Casimir forces in the time domain: Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our previous article [Phys. Rev. A 80, 012115 (2009)] introduced a method to compute Casimir forces in arbitrary geometries and for arbitrary materials that was based on a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) scheme. In ...

Johnson, Steven G.

14

Data challenges of time domain astronomy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Astronomy has been at the forefront of the development of the techniques and methodologies of data intensive science for over a decade with large sky surveys and distributed efforts such as the Virtual Observatory. However, it faces a new data deluge ... Keywords: Astronomy, Classification, Time domain, Virtual observatory

Matthew J. Graham; S. G. Djorgovski; Ashish Mahabal; Ciro Donalek; Andrew Drake; Giuseppe Longo

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Visualisation of Tensor Time Domain Electromagnetic Data  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Long Offset Time Domain Electromagnetic (LOTEM) measurements traditionally use a single current source. By using a second source, a tensor analysis technique analogous to that used in DC resistivity multiple-source bipole-dipole surveying, is possible. An instantaneous apparent resistivity tensor is defined as the relationship between the time varying (total) electric field and the DC half space current density vectors due to each source. If the sources are dipoles the three coordinate invariant apparent resistivities of the tensor are independent of source orientation. For a uniform half space, one of the invariants is virtually constant in time, deviating from the half space resistivity by a maximum of 6%. This method provides a way in which the complicated data set obtained during a tensor LOTEM survey can be presented in a compact and intelligible form, and has many advantages over conventional methods of analyzing LOTEM data particularly where the resistivity distribution is three dimensional (3D). Results from a 3D resistivity model of an idealized geothermal reservoir and outflow structure are used to illustrate the power of this analysis.

Caldwell, T.G.; Bibby, H.M.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Errors in determination of soil water content using time-domain reflectometry caused by soil compaction around wave guides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

voids ratio at failure (VRF) line by Farrell and Greacen [for the rebound line and the VRF line, respectively. In thes modulus (E), and the rebound and VRF lines. The resulting

Ghezzehei, T.A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Definition: Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) surveys are active-source soundings which provide information about the electrical structure of the shallow subsurface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Transient electromagnetics, (also time-domain electromagnetics / TDEM), is a geophysical exploration technique in which electric and magnetic fields are induced by transient pulses of electric current and the subsequent decay response measured. TEM / TDEM methods are generally able to determine subsurface electrical properties, but are also sensitive to subsurface magnetic properties in applications like UXO detection and

18

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Long Valley Caldera Area (Sorey...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

released results from 158 time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) soundings and, with Chevron Resources, a total of 77 magnetotelluric (MT) stations. Reinterpretations of the...

19

NEXP TIME-complete description logics with concrete domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concrete domains are an extension of Description Logics (DLs) that allow one to integrate reasoning about conceptual knowledge with reasoning about "concrete qualities" of real-world entities such as their sizes, weights, and durations. In this article, ... Keywords: Computational complexity, NExpTime-completeness, concrete domains, description logic, domino problem, post correspondence problem

Carsten Lutz

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Area (Thomas, 1986) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Haleakala Volcano Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Haleakala Volcano Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Controlled-source electromagnetic soundings were found to be substantially more successful in the southwest rift than either the Schlumberger or the self-potential studies. This was largely due to the ability of time-domain methods to penetrate high-resistivity surface layers and thus to define lower-resistivity sections at depth. The results of this sounding study, which was conducted at elevations ranging from 75 to 497 m a.s.l., generally indicated moderate- to lowresistivity (6 - 7 ohm.m) sections to depths of 1 km on the lower rift zone and higher resistivities (12-16

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Cerenkov radio pulses from electromagnetic showers in the time domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electric field of the Cerenkov radio pulse produced by a single charged particle track in a dielectric medium is derived from first principles. An algorithm is developed to obtain the pulse in the time domain for numerical calculations. The algorithm is implemented in a Monte Carlo simulation of electromagnetic showers in dense media (specifically designed for coherent radio emission applications) as might be induced by interactions of ultrahigh energy neutrinos. The coherent Cerenkov radio emission produced by such showers is obtained simultaneously both in the time and frequency domains. A consistency check performed by Fourier transforming the pulse in time and comparing it to the frequency spectrum obtained directly in the simulations yields, as expected, fully consistent results. The reversal of the time structure inside the Cerenkov cone and the signs of the corresponding pulses are addressed in detail. The results, besides testing algorithms used for reference calculations in the frequency domain, shed new light into the properties of the radio pulse in the time domain. The shape of the pulse in the time domain is directly related to the depth development of the excess charge in the shower and its width to the observation angle with respect to the Cerenkov direction. This information can be of great practical importance for interpreting actual data.

Alvarez-Muniz, Jaime; Romero-Wolf, Andres; Zas, Enrique [Depto. de Fisica de Particulas and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Depto. de Fisica de Particulas and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

22

Time-domain determination of transmission in quantum nanostructures  

SciTech Connect

The finite-difference time-domain method is being used to calculate transmission through nanoscale quantum structures. This is determined by first taking the Fourier transform of a waveform before it enters a channel and then taking the Fourier transform of the portion of the waveform that is transmitted through the channel. By storing the time-domain waveforms at the input and output, a very small total problem space is required. This is significant, because it is intended that this one-dimensional method be extended to three dimensions.

Sullivan, Dennis M.; Wilson, Paul M. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844-1023 (United States)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Improved time-domain accuracy standards for model gravitational waveforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model gravitational waveforms must be accurate enough to be useful for detection of signals and measurement of their parameters, so appropriate accuracy standards are needed. Yet these standards should not be unnecessarily restrictive, making them impractical for the numerical and analytical modelers to meet. The work of Lindblom, Owen, and Brown [Phys. Rev. D 78, 124020 (2008)] is extended by deriving new waveform accuracy standards which are significantly less restrictive while still ensuring the quality needed for gravitational-wave data analysis. These new standards are formulated as bounds on certain norms of the time-domain waveform errors, which makes it possible to enforce them in situations where frequency-domain errors may be difficult or impossible to estimate reliably. These standards are less restrictive by about a factor of 20 than the previously published time-domain standards for detection, and up to a factor of 60 for measurement. These new standards should therefore be much easier to use effectively.

Lindblom, Lee [Theoretical Astrophysics 350-17, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Baker, John G. [Gravitational Astrophysics Laboratory, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States); Owen, Benjamin J. [Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, Center for Gravitational Wave Physics, Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

Workshop on Time Domain Science Using X-ray Techniques  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Beamlines Time-Resolved Beamlines Advisory Committee Workshop Home Workshop Chairs: Lin Chen (Argonne National Laboratory) Steve Milton (Advanced Photon Source) David Reis (University of Michigan) Linda Young (Argonne National Laboratory) Workshop on Time Domain Science Using X-ray Techniques August 29 September 1, 2004, The Abbey, Fontana, Lake Geneva Area, Wisconsin A workshop on "Time Domain Science Using X-ray Techniques" was held from August 29 September 1, 2004 , welcoming both experts and beginners in the field. This is one of the concurrently held workshops in the series on "Future Scientific Directions for the Advanced Photon Source." The goal of the workshop was to identify future directions in scientific research using time resolved x-ray techniques and to address possiblities to produce ps

25

Continuous time domain properties of causal cubic splines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper studies the continuous time domain properties of causal cubic splines with equidistant knots. Causality is achieved by truncating the impulse response of the ideal interpolator to a chosen length. The introduced error affects the final interpolation ... Keywords: Cardinal spline functions, Causality, Cubic spline, Interpolation, Signal reconstruction, Signal resampling

D. Petrinovic

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Superradiant instabilities of rotating black holes in the time domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bosonic fields on rotating black hole spacetimes are subject to amplification by superradiance, which induces exponentially-growing instabilities (the `black hole bomb') in two scenarios: if the black hole is enclosed by a mirror, or if the bosonic field has rest mass. Here we present a time-domain study of the scalar field on Kerr spacetime which probes ultra-long timescales up to $t \\lesssim 5 \\times 10^6 M$, to reveal the growth of the instability. We describe an highly-efficient method for evolving the field, based on a spectral decomposition into a coupled set of 1+1D equations, and an absorbing boundary condition inspired by the `perfectly-matched layers' paradigm. First, we examine the mirror case to study how the instability timescale and mode structure depend on mirror radius. Next, we examine the massive-field, whose rich spectrum (revealed through Fourier analysis) generates `beating' effects which disguise the instability. We show that the instability is clearly revealed by tracking the stress-energy of the field in the exterior spacetime. We calculate the growth rate for a range of mass couplings, by applying a frequency-filer to isolate individual modal contributions to the time-domain signal. Our results are in accord with previous frequency-domain studies which put the maximum growth rate at $\\tau^{-1} \\approx 1.72 \\times 10^{-7} (GM/c^3)^{-1}$ for the massive scalar field on Kerr spacetime.

Sam R. Dolan

2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

27

Domain Decomposition via Explicit/Implicit Time Marching 1 Polynomial Collocation Using a Domain Decomposition Solution to Parabolic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decomposition Solution to Parabolic PDE's via the Penalty Method and Explicit/Implicit Time Marching Kelly Black 1 Abstract A domain decomposition method is examined to solve a time dependent parabolic equation05. (1) Introduction We examine a domain decomposition method for solving a parabolic equation using

28

Time-domain non-Monte Carlo noise simulation for nonlinear dynamic circuits with arbitrary excitations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new, time-domain, non-Monte Carlo method for computer simulation of electrical noise in nonlinear dynamic circuits with arbitrary excitations is presented. This time-domain noise simulation ...

Alper Demir; Edward W. Y. Liu; Alberto L. Sangiovanni-Vincentelli

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library == A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, HawaiiThesis/Dissertation == Author Catherine King Skokan Organization Colorado School of Mines Published Publisher Not Provided, 1974 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Citation [[Citation::Catherine King Skokan. 1974. A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii []. [ (!) ]: Colorado School of Mines.]] Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_Time-Domain_Electromagnetic_Survey_of_the_East_Rift_Zone_Kilauea_Volcano,_Hawaii&oldid=682585"

30

Calculation of HVDC-converter harmonics in frequency domain with regard to asymmetries and comparison with time domain simulations  

SciTech Connect

In order to study the effects of large HVDC converters to the feeding ac networks, it is of importance to explain and to calculate harmonic phenomena which are a result of converter operation. During commissioning of real HVDC converters it could be seen, that harmonics resulting from unsymmetries in the system voltages or from unsymmetries in converter operation led to significant difficulties concerning the system design. For this reason, not only the effects of characteristic but also the effects of noncharacteristic converter harmonics must be taken into account. The aim is to describe the steady state harmonic behavior of the converter. The harmonic spectra are not determined by time domain analysis but instead the solution is found by frequency domain calculations. This can result in reduced calculation time in comparison to conventional fourier analysis of the time functions. The converter is interpreted as an amplitude modulator with voltage and current converter functions which describe the coupling of the dc circuit and the ac network through the converter. To verify the theory, comparison of frequency domain with time domain calculations were carried out.

Rittiger, J. [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany); Kulicke, B. [Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Soda Lake Area (Combs 2006) Exploration Activity Details Location Soda Lake Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes "EM sounding, MT, CSAMT, dipole-dipole resistivity; reservoir model?" References Jim Combs (1 January 2006) Historical Exploration And Drilling Data From Geothermal Prospects And Power Generation Projects In The Western United States Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Time-Domain_Electromagnetics_At_Soda_Lake_Area_(Combs_2006)&oldid=388133" Category:

32

Scaling Behavior of the First Arrival Time of a Random-Walking Magnetic Domain  

SciTech Connect

We report a universal scaling behavior of the first arrival time of a traveling magnetic domain wall into a finite space-time observation window of a magneto-optical microscope enabling direct visualization of a Barkhausen avalanche in real time. The first arrival time of the traveling magnetic domain wall exhibits a nontrivial fluctuation and its statistical distribution is described by universal power-law scaling with scaling exponents of 1.34 {+-} 0.07 for CoCr and CoCrPt films, despite their quite different domain evolution patterns. Numerical simulation of the first arrival time with an assumption that the magnetic domain wall traveled as a random walker well matches our experimentally observed scaling behavior, providing an experimental support for the random-walking model of traveling magnetic domain walls.

Im, M.-Y.; Lee, S.-H.; Kim, D.-H.; Fischer, P.; Shin, S.-C.

2008-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

33

Time-domain Fatigue Response and Reliability Analysis of Offshore Wind Turbines with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-domain based simulation model of 750 kW land-based wind turbine Gear contact fatigue analysis of a wind of 750 kW land-based wind turbine Gear contact fatigue analysis of a wind turbine drive train under response and reliability analysis #12;Time domain based simulation model of 750 kW land-based wind turbine

Nørvåg, Kjetil

34

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area (Thomas, 1986)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Hualalai Northwest Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Hualalai Northwest Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Three time-domain electromagnetic soundings were conducted on the middle northwest rift at elevations of 280-320 m (Fig. 40) (Kauahikaua and Mattice, 1981). These soundings penetrated to a greater depth than the Schlumberger soundings and two of them were able to resolve basement resistivities ranging from 9 to 12 ohm-m at depths of 1500 to 1800 m. One sounding detected a 9 ohm.m layer at 600 m depth that was underlain by a more resistive basement. These results suggest that thermal fluids may be responsible for the low-resistivity basement, whereas the high-resistivity

35

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea East Rift Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Kilauea East Rift Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A series of time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) soundings were also performed in the lower East Rift Zone as part of the HGP exploration program (Klein and Kauahikaua, 1975; Kauahikaua and Klein, 1977); this work was recently expanded to include additional TDEM and vertical electrical soundings, and the entire data set was reinterpreted (Kauahikaua, 1981b; Kauahikaua and Mattice, 1981). The resistivity model presented by Kauahikaua (1981b) suggests that moderate to high basement resistivities, corresponding to cold freshwater saturated basalts, are present north of

36

A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1974 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for A Time-Domain Electromagnetic Survey of the East Rift Zone Kilauea Volcano,...

37

Gaussian Model Adaptive Processing in Time Domain (GMAP-TD) for Weather Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Gaussian model adaptive processing in the time domain (GMAP-TD) method for ground clutter suppression and signal spectral moment estimation for weather radars is presented. The technique transforms the clutter component of a weather radar ...

Cuong M. Nguyen; V. Chandrasekar

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Modeling and Forecasting the Southern Oscillation: A Time-Domain Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An index consisting of the difference of normalized sea level pressure departures between Tahiti and Darwin is used to represent the Southern Oscillation (SO) fluctuations. Using a time-domain approach, autoregressive-moving average (ARMA) ...

Pao-Shin Chu; Richard W. Katz

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Unidentified Moving Objects in Next Generation Time Domain Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Existing and future wide-field photometric surveys will produce a time-lapse movie of the sky that will revolutionize our census of variable and moving astronomical and atmospheric phenomena. As with any revolution in scientific measurement capability, this new species of data will also present us with results that are sure to surprise and confound our understanding of the cosmos. While we cannot predict the unknown yields of such endeavors, it is a beneficial exercise to explore certain parameter spaces using reasonable assumptions for rates and observability. To this end I present a simple parameterized model of the detectability of unidentified flying objects (UFOs) with the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). I also demonstrate that the LSST is well suited to place the first systematic constraints on the rate of UFO and extraterrestrial visits to our world.

Davenport, James R A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Long Valley Caldera Area (Sorey, Et Al.,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1991) 1991) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Long Valley Caldera Area (Sorey, Et Al., 1991) Exploration Activity Details Location Long Valley Caldera Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes In 1986, Unocal Geothermal Division released results from 158 time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) soundings and, with Chevron Resources, a total of 77 magnetotelluric (MT) stations. Reinterpretations of the Unocal and Chevron data (Park and Torres-Verdin, 1988 ) and the recent public-domain MT studies (e.g. Hermance et al., 1988) outline similar shallow low-resistivity regions. At shallow depths in the caldera References Michael L. Sorey, Gene A. Suemnicht, Neil C. Sturchio, Gregg A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

An approach to generating summaries of time series data in the gas turbine domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose an approach to generating summaries of time series data in the gas turbine domain using AI techniques. Through the think-aloud method with the aid of visualization of temporal data using time series workbench (TSW), both domain knowledge from experts about how to solve problems in the gas turbine and information about how domain experts analyze the archived temporal data are gotten. An algorithm to select interesting events is proposed and a prototype knowledge-based system is designed to generate summary of temporal data for interesting events in the gas turbine domain. Some further research works also are pointed. Key words: knowledge acquisition, knowledge-based system, gas turbine. 1

Jin Yu; Jim Hunter; Ehud Reiter; Somayajulu Sripada

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Numerical stability analysis of the pseudo-spectral analytical time-domain PIC algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The pseudo-spectral analytical time-domain (PSATD) particle-in-cell (PIC) algorithm solves the vacuum Maxwell@?s equations exactly, has no Courant time-step limit (as conventionally defined), and offers substantial flexibility in plasma and particle ... Keywords: Numerical stability, Particle-in-cell, Pseudo-spectral, Relativistic beam

Brendan B. Godfrey, Jean-Luc Vay, Irving Haber

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

And South Flank Area And South Flank Area (Thomas, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area (Thomas, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The assessment effort consisted of a reexamination of existing Schlumberger sounding (Hussong and Cox, 1967; Adams et al., 1970) and time-domain electromagnetic (Klein and Kauahikaua, 1975) data for the rift area (Kauahikaua and Mattice, 1981) The electrical resistivity data acquired on the southwest rift delineated two distinct basement resistivity structures northwest of the rift zone: a high-resistivity basement at approximately 60

44

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Truckhaven Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Truckhaven Area Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Truckhaven Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Truckhaven Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The Truckhaven project, which is located on the west flank of the Salton Trough in southern California, is north and west of several existing geothermal power generation facilities in the trough. An extensive shallow geothermal anomaly is known to exist in this area and this region corresponds to a gravity high, which has been further delineated by the drilling of numerous shallow temperature gradient wells and one deep, abandoned, test well. Layman Energy Associates has performed Phase I exploration tasks to further constrain the anomaly, including a detailed

45

Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Dixie Hot Springs Area (Combs 2006) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hot Springs Area (Combs 2006) Hot Springs Area (Combs 2006) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Time-Domain Electromagnetics At Dixie Hot Springs Area (Combs 2006) Exploration Activity Details Location Dixie Hot Springs Area Exploration Technique Time-Domain Electromagnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes "MT, EM sounding, SP?; SP data and reservoir model may be proprietary" References Jim Combs (1 January 2006) Historical Exploration And Drilling Data From Geothermal Prospects And Power Generation Projects In The Western United States Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Time-Domain_Electromagnetics_At_Dixie_Hot_Springs_Area_(Combs_2006)&oldid=388997" Category: Exploration

46

Time-domain Simulation of Multibody Floating Systems based on State-space Modeling Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A numerical scheme to simulate time-domain motion responses of multibody floating systems has been successfully proposed. This scheme is integrated into a time-domain simulation tool, with fully coupled hydrodynamic coefficients obtained from the hydrodynamic software - WAMIT which solves the Boundary Value Problem (BVP). The equations of motion are transformed into standard state-space format, using the constant coefficient approximation and the impulse response function method. Thus the Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE) solvers in MATLAB can be directly employed. The time-domain responses of a single spar at sea are initially obtained. The optimal Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) controller is further applied to this single spar, by assuming that the Dynamic Positioning (DP) system can provide the optimized thruster forces. Various factors that affect the controlling efficiency, e.g., the time steps ?? and ?t, the weighting factors(Q,R), are further investigated in detail. Next, a two-body floating system is studied. The response amplitude operators (RAOs) of each body are calculated and compared with the single body case. Then the effects of the body-to-body interaction coefficients on the time-domain responses are further investigated. Moreover, the mean drift force is incorporated in the DP system to further mitigate the motion responses of each body. Finally, this tool is extended to a three-body floating system, with the relative motions between them derived.

Yu, Xiaochuan

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A time-domain Discontinuous Galerkin method for mechanical resonator quality factor computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations are becoming increasingly important in the design of micromechanical resonators, in particular for the prediction of complex frequency response in high quality devices where damping is controlled by anchor losses. Frequency based ... Keywords: Anchor loss, Discontinuous Galerkin, Filter diagonalization, Helmholtz, Linear elasticity, MEMS resonator, Quality factor, Time-domain

Sanjay Govindjee; Per-Olof Persson

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Developing a time-domain finite-element method for modeling of electromagnetic cylindrical cloaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a time-domain finite element method for modeling of electromagnetic cloaks. The permittivity and permeability of the cloak model are described by the Drude dispersion model. The model to be solved is quite challenging in that ... Keywords: Finite element method, Invisibility cloak, Maxwell's equations

Jichun Li; Yunqing Huang; Wei Yang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Parallelizing Implicit Algorithm for TimeDependent Problems by Parabolic Domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallelizing Implicit Algorithm for Time­Dependent Problems by Parabolic Domain Decomposition parallel high­order algorithm for the solution of parabolic and elliptic PDE's. The parallelization decomposition,parabolic and elliptic PDEs, spectral method, lcoal Fourier bases,Green function, parallelization

Averbuch, Amir

50

Model order reduction methods for coupled systems in the time domain using Laguerre polynomials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, based on Laguerre polynomials, we present new methods for model reduction of coupled systems in the time domain. By appropriately selected projection matrices, a reduced order system is produced to retain the topology structure of the ... Keywords: Coupled systems, Function approximation, Laguerre polynomials, Model reduction, Structure preservation

Xiao-Long Wang; Yao-Lin Jiang

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Calculation of HVDC converter noncharacteristic harmonics using digital time-domain simulation method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, noncharacteristic harmonics of an HVdc converter station are calculated based on the use of digital time-domain simulation methods. An enhanced version of the Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) is used for the studies. The noncharacteristic harmonics of interest are (1) the dc side triplen harmonics, and (2) the ac side second harmonic. Impacts of loading conditions, neutral filter, and converter firing angle on the dc side triplen harmonics are discussed. Effects of ac side network parameters, static VAR compensator (SVC), transformer half-cycle saturation, and Geomagnetically Induced Current (GIC) on the ac side second harmonic instability are also presented. This paper concludes that the digital time-domain simulation method provides significant flexibility for accurate prediction of (1) generation mechanism, and (2) adverse impacts of HVdc noncharacteristic harmonics.

Sarshar, A. [Trench Electric, Scarborough, Ontario (Canada); Iravani, M.R.; Li, J. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy Study of Silica Aerogels and Adsorbed Molecular Jiangquan Zhang and D. Grischkowsky*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy Study of Silica Aerogels and Adsorbed Molecular Vapors Jiangquan time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) study of hydrophobic and hydrophilic silica aerogels, and the adsorption of several molecular vapors in the hydrophilic silica aerogel. The hydrophobic and hydrophilic

Oklahoma State University

53

A real-time implementation of gradient domain high dynamic range compression using a local Poisson solver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a real-time hardware implementation of a gradient domain dynamic range compression algorithm for high dynamic range (HDR) images. This technique works by calculating the gradients of the HDR image, manipulating those gradients, and ... Keywords: Embedded hardware, Gradient domain dynamic range compression, Poisson equation, Real time, Tone mapping operator

Lavanya Vytla; Firas Hassan; Joan E. Carletta

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Simulation of planar integrated photonics devices with the LLNL time- domain finite-difference code suite  

SciTech Connect

Interest has recently grown in applying microwave modeling techniques to optical circuit modeling. One of the simplest, yet most powerful, microwave simulation techniques is the finite-difference time-domain algorithm (FDTD). In this technique, the differential form of the time-domain Maxwell's equations are discretized and all derivatives are approximated as differences. Minor algebraic manipulations on the resulting equations produces a set of update equations that produce fields at a given time step from fields at the previous time step. The FDTD algorithm, then, is quite simple. Source fields are launched into the discrete grid by some means. The FDTD equations advance these fields in time. At the boundaries of the grid, special update equations called radiation conditions are applied that approximate a continuing, infinite space. Because virtually no assumptions are made in the development of the FDTD method, the algorithm is able to represent a wide-range of physical effects. Waves can propagate in any direction, multiple reflections within structures can cause resonances, multiple modes of various polarizations can be launched, each of which may generate within the device an infinite spectrum of bound and radiation modes. The ability to model these types of general physical effects is what makes the FDTD method interesting to the field of optics. In this paper, we discuss the application of the finite-difference time-domain technique to integrated optics. Animations will be shown of the simulations of a TE coupler, TM grating, and a TE integrated detector. 3 refs., 1 fig.

McLeod, R.; Hawkins, R.J.; Kallman, J.S.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

On using moving windows in finite element time domain simulation for long accelerator structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A finite element moving window technique is developed to simulate the propagation of electromagnetic waves induced by the transit of a charged particle beam inside large and long structures. The window moving along with the beam in the computational domain adopts high-order finite element basis functions through p refinement and/or a high-resolution mesh through h refinement so that a sufficient accuracy is attained with substantially reduced computational costs. Algorithms to transfer discretized fields from one mesh to another, which are the keys to implementing a moving window in a finite element unstructured mesh, are presented. Numerical experiments are carried out using the moving window technique to compute short-range wakefields in long accelerator structures. The results are compared with those obtained from the normal finite element time domain (FETD) method and the advantages of using the moving window technique are discussed.

Lee, L.-Q., E-mail: liequan@gmail.co [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Candel, Arno; Ng, Cho; Ko, Kwok [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

56

Analytical time domain electromagnetic field propagators and closed-form solutions for transmission lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analytical solution for the coupled telegraphers equations in terms of the voltage and current on a homogeneous lossy transmission line and multiconductor transmission line is presented. The resulting telegraphers equation solution is obtained in the form of an exact time domain propagator operating on the line voltage and current. It is shown that the analytical equations lead to a stable numerical method that can be used in the analysis of both homogeneous and inhomogeneous transmission lines. A numerical dispersion relation is derived proving that this method has no numerical dispersion down to the two points per wavelength Nyquist limit. Examples are presented showing that exceptionally accurate results are obtained for lossy single and multiconductor transmission lines. The method is extended to represent the general solution to Maxwells differential equations in vector matrix form. It is shown that, given the electromagnetic field and boundary conditions at a given instant in time, the free space time domain propagator and corresponding dyadic Greens functions in 1-, 2-, and 3-dimensions can be used to calculate the field at all subsequent times.

Jeong, Jaehoon

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Analysis of a metallic nano-rod polarizer using finite-difference-time-domain method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The polarization behavior of metallic nano-rods has been analyzed by means of the finite-difference-time-domain method. When the average spacing between the nano-rods is less than a half wavelength, the layer reflects the light polarized parallel to the nano-rods, as in a nano-slit. However, when the spacing is larger than a half wavelength, the metallic surface absorbs the light, polarized perpendicular to the rods, leading to a polarization reversal. Multiple layers of nano-rods can make a polarizer with a high extinction ratio and good transmittance.

Ju, Young-Gu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Time-domain sampling of x-ray pulses using an ultrafast sample response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We employ the ultrafast response of a 15.4 nm thin SrRuO{sub 3} layer grown epitaxially on a SrTiO{sub 3} substrate to perform time-domain sampling of an x-ray pulse emitted from a synchrotron storage ring. Excitation of the sample with an ultrashort laser pulse triggers coherent expansion and compression waves in the thin layer, which turn the diffraction efficiency on and off at a fixed Bragg angle during 5 ps. This is significantly shorter than the duration of the synchrotron x-ray pulse of 100 ps. Cross-correlation measurements of the ultrafast sample response and the synchrotron x-ray pulse allow to reconstruct the x-ray pulse shape.

Gaal, P.; Shayduk, R. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Wilhelm-Conrad-Roentgen Campus, BESSY II, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Schick, D.; Herzog, M.; Bojahr, A.; Goldshteyn, J.; Navirian, H. A.; Leitenberger, W. [Institut fuer Physik und Astronomie, Universitaet Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); Vrejoiu, I. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Mikrostrukturphysik, Weinberg 2, 06120 Halle (Germany); Khakhulin, D.; Wulff, M. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 6 rue Jules Horowitz, 38000 Grenoble (France); Bargheer, M. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie GmbH, Wilhelm-Conrad-Roentgen Campus, BESSY II, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Institut fuer Physik und Astronomie, Universitaet Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, 14476 Potsdam (Germany)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

59

An Approach to Generating Summaries of Time Series Data in the Gas Turbine Domain Jin Yu and Jim Hunter and Ehud Reiter and Somayajulu Sripada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Approach to Generating Summaries of Time Series Data in the Gas Turbine Domain Jin Yu and Jim an approach to generating summaries of time series data in the gas turbine domain using AI techniques. Through), both domain knowledge from experts about how to solve problems in the gas turbine and information about

Sripada, Yaji

60

New directions in photonics simulation: Lanczos recursion and finite-difference time-domain  

SciTech Connect

Computational Integrated Photonics (CIP) is the area of computational physics that treats the propagation of light in optical fibers and in integrated optical circuits. The purpose of integrated photonics simulation is to develop the computational tools that will support the design of photonic and optoelectronic integrated devices. CIP has, in general, two thrusts: (1) predictive models of photonic device behavior that can be used reliably to enhance significantly the speed with which designs axe optimized for development applications, and (2) to further our ability to describe the linear and nonlinear processes that occur - and can be exploited - in real photonic devices. Experimental integrated optics has been around for over a decade with much of the work during this period. centered on proof-of-principle devices that could be described using simple analytic and numerical models. Recent advances in material growths, photolithography, and device complexity have conspired to reduce significantly the number of devices that can be designed with simple models and to increase dramatically the interest in CIP. In the area of device design, CIP is viewed as critical to understanding device behavior and to optimization. In the area of propagation physics, CIP is an important tool in the study of nonlinear processes in integrated optical devices and fibers. In this talk I will discuss two of the new directions we have been investigating in CIP: Lanczos recursion and finite-difference time-domain.

Hawkins, R.J.; McLeod, R.R.; Kallman, J.S.; Ratowsky, R.P.; Feit, M.D.; Fleck, J.A. Jr.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

3D Inversion of Time Domain Data with application to San Nicolas Napier , Oldenburg , Haber , and Shekhtman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electromagnetic data collected in a field survey can be inverted to recover a 3D distribution of elec- trical grid where E is defined on cell faces and H is defined on cell edges. The electric field is decomposed3D Inversion of Time Domain Data with application to San Nicolas Napier , Oldenburg , Haber

Oldenburg, Douglas W.

62

Characterization of high-power RF structures using time-domain field codes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have modeled gyrotron windows and gyrotron amplifier sever structures for TE modes in the 100--150 GHz range and have computed the reflection and transmission characteristics from the field data. Good agreement with frequency domain codes and analytic analysis have been obtained for some simple geometries. We present results for realistic structures with lossy coatings and describe implementation of microwave diagnostics.

Shang, C.C.; DeFord, J.F.; Swatloski, T.L.

1992-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

63

Transit Timing Observations from Kepler: III. Confirmation of 4 Multiple Planet Systems by a Fourier-Domain Study of Anti-correlated Transit Timing Variations  

SciTech Connect

We present a method to confirm the planetary nature of objects in systems with multiple transiting exoplanet candidates. This method involves a Fourier-domain analysis of the deviations in the transit times from a constant period that result from dynamical interactions within the system. The combination of observed anticorrelations in the transit times and mass constraints from dynamical stability allow us to claim the discovery of four planetary systems, Kepler-25, Kepler-26, Kepler-27 and Kepler-28, containing eight planets and one additional planet candidate.

Steffen, Jason H.; /Fermilab; Fabrycky, Daniel C.; /Lick Observ.; Ford, Eric B.; /Florida U.; Carter, Joshua A.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Fressin, Francois; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Holman, Matthew J.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Lissauer, Jack J.; /NASA, Ames; Rowe, Jason F.; /SETI Inst., Mtn. View /NASA, Ames; Ragozzine, Darin; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys.; Welsh, William F.; /Caltech; Borucki, William J.; /NASA, Ames /UC, Santa Barbara

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

A finite-difference time-domain simulation of high power microwave generated plasma at atmospheric pressures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A finite-difference algorithm was developed to calculate several RF breakdown parameters, for example, the formative delay time that is observed between the initial application of a RF field to a dielectric surface and the formation of field-induced plasma interrupting the RF power flow. The analysis is focused on the surface being exposed to a background gas pressure above 50 Torr. The finite-difference algorithm provides numerical solutions to partial differential equations with high resolution in the time domain, making it suitable for simulating the time evolving interaction of microwaves with plasma; in lieu of direct particle tracking, a macroscopic electron density is used to model growth and transport. This approach is presented as an alternative to particle-in-cell methods due to its low complexity and runtime leading to more efficient analysis for a simulation of a microsecond scale pulse. The effect and development of the plasma is modeled in the simulation using scaling laws for ionization rates, momentum transfer collision rates, and diffusion coefficients, as a function of electric field, gas type and pressure. The incorporation of plasma material into the simulation involves using the Z-transform to derive a time-domain algorithm from the complex frequency-dependent permittivity of plasma. Therefore, the effect of the developing plasma on the instantaneous microwave field is calculated. Simulation results are compared with power measurements using an apparatus designed to facilitate surface flashover across a polycarbonate boundary in a controlled N{sub 2}, air, or argon environment at pressures exceeding 50 Torr.

Ford, Patrick J.; Beeson, Sterling R.; Krompholz, Hermann G.; Neuber, Andreas A. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Center for Pulsed Power and Power Electronics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409-3102 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Anomaly in the conductivity relaxation parameters at the phase transition of ferroelectric materials: A time domain study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of the ferroelectric to paraelectric transition on the relaxation parameters of conductive processes in ferroelectric materials is studied in the time domain. Three well-known ferroelectric systems were chosen with transition temperatures in different regions, these are, high-temperature PbNb{sub 2}O{sub 6}-based ceramics; nanostructured Pb(Zr{sub 0.6}Ti{sub 0.4})O{sub 3} ceramics; and submicron BaTiO{sub 3}. The thermal evolution of relaxation parameters shows clear anomalies in their typical behavior when conductivity processes arise in the temperature range where the ferroelectric transition takes place. The method here described allows obtaining information about the correlation between charge transport and the motion of the off-center ions at the phase transition.

Leyet, Y.; Guerrero, F. [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad de Oriente, CP-90500, Santiago de Cuba (Cuba); Amorin, H. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Guerra, J. de Los S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia (UFU), 38400-902 Uberlandia, Minas Gerais Brazil (Brazil); Eiras, J. A. [Departamento de Fisica, Grupo de Ceramicas Ferroeletricas, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos (UFSCar), CEP 13565-670 Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

66

Time Domain Stability Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST researchers need the best tools for identifying the type and cause of undesirable clock noise. ... For an N-point data run, N-2 for Tho1 vs. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

67

Quantum Shock Waves and Domain Walls in the Real-Time Dynamics of a Superfluid Unitary Fermi Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that in the collision of two superfluid fermionic atomic clouds one observes the formation of quantum shock waves as discontinuities in the number density and collective flow velocity. Domain walls, which are topological excitations of the superfluid order parameter, are also generated and exhibit abrupt phase changes by $\\pi$ and slower motion than the shock waves. The domain walls are distinct from the gray soliton train or number density ripples formed in the wake of the shock waves and observed in the collisions of superfluid bosonic atomic clouds. Domain walls with opposite phase jumps appear to collide elastically.

Aurel Bulgac; Yuan-Lung; Luo; Kenneth J. Roche

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

68

Quantum Shock Waves and Domain Walls in the Real-Time Dynamics of a Superfluid Unitary Fermi Gas  

SciTech Connect

We show that in the collision of two superfluid fermionic atomic clouds one observes the formation of quantum shock waves as discontinuities in the number density and collective flow velocity. Domain walls, which are topological excitations of the superfluid order parameter, are also generated and exhibit abrupt phase changes by $\\pi$ and slower motion than the shock waves. The domain walls are distinct from the gray soliton train or number density ripples formed in the wake of the shock waves and observed in the collisions of superfluid bosonic atomic clouds. Domain walls with opposite phase jumps collide elastically.

Bulgac, Aurel; Luo, Yuan-Lung; Roche, Kenneth J.

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

69

Time, Wavelet and Hilbert-Huang Domain Analysis of Signals from Ultrasonic Based Equipment for the Non Destructive Evaluation of Concrete and Brick Masonry Walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we compare the effectiveness of the time, wavelet and Hilbert-Huang domain analysis of waveforms from a Non Destructive Test (NDT) equipment. The analysis of the signals from NDT systems is one of the most important activities in the recognition ... Keywords: Hilbert-Huang transform, Magnetostrictive transducers and sensors, Non Destructive Test, Ultrasonic waves, Wavelet transform

Antonino Musolino; Marco Raugi; Mauro Tucci; Florin Turcu

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

A Tutorial on Basic Principles of Microwave Reflectometry Applied to Fluctuation Measurements in Fusion Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Microwave reflectometry is now routinely used for probing the structure of magnetohydrodynamic and turbulent fluctuations in fusion plasmas. Conditions specific to the core of tokamak plasmas, such as small amplitude of density irregularities and the uniformity of the background plasma, have enabled progress in the quantitative interpretation of reflectometer signals. In particular, the extent of applicability of the 1-D [one-dimensional] geometric optics description of the reflected field is investigated by direct comparison to 1-D full wave analysis. Significant advances in laboratory experiments are discussed which are paving the way towards a thorough understanding of this important measurement technique. Data is presented from the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor [R. Hawryluk, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 33 (1991) 1509] identifying the validity of the geometric optics description of the scattered field and demonstrating the feasibility of imaging turbulent fluctuations in fusion scale devices.

Nazikian, R.; Kramer, G.J.; Valeo, E.

2001-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

71

Estimating damping effectiveness of BPA`s thyristor controlled series capacitor by applying time and frequency domain methods to measured response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, a 500-kV thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC) was installed in the Bonneville Power Administration system in the northwestern US. Extensive field testing has included modulation experiments to determine the effect of the TCSC on low-frequency oscillations. This paper discusses modulation procedures, analysis methods, and results for estimating the damping effectiveness of the TCSC. Modulation methods include driving the TCSC with step and random noise, and analysis techniques include time (Prony analysis) and frequency-domain identification. Results indicate that: (1) the TCSC can have significant impact on system dynamics; and (2) under a very small feedback gain, the TCSC provides measurable added damping.

Trudnowski, D.J.; Donnelly, M.K.; Hauer, J.F. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

A tapering window for time-domain templates and simulated signals in the detection of gravitational waves from coalescing compact binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspiral signals from binary black holes, in particular those with masses in the range $10M_\\odot \\lsim M \\lsim 1000 M_\\odot,$ may last for only a few cycles within a detector's most sensitive frequency band. The spectrum of a square-windowed time-domain signal could contain unwanted power that can cause problems in gravitational wave data analysis, particularly when the waveforms are of short duration. There may be leakage of power into frequency bins where no such power is expected, causing an excess of false alarms. We present a method of tapering the time-domain waveforms that significantly reduces unwanted leakage of power, leading to a spectrum that agrees very well with that of a long duration signal. Our tapered window also decreases the false alarms caused by instrumental and environmental transients that are picked up by templates with spurious signal power. The suppression of background is an important goal in noise-dominated searches and can lead to an improvement in the detection efficiency of the search algorithms.

D. J. A. McKechan; C. Robinson; B. S. Sathyaprakash

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Atomistic Time-Domain Simulations of Light-Harvesting and Charge-Transfer Dynamics in Novel Nanoscale Materials for Solar Hydrogen Production.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Funded by the DOE grant (i) we continued to study and analyze the atomistic detail of the electron transfer (ET) across the chromophore-TiO2 interface in Gratzel cell systems for solar hydrogen production. (ii) We extensively investigated the nature of photoexcited states and excited state dynamics in semiconductor quantum dots (QD) designed for photovoltaic applications. (iii) We continued a newly initiated research direction focusing on excited state properties and electron-phonon interactions in nanoscale carbon materials. Over the past year, the results of the DOE funded research were summarized in 3 review articles. 12 original manuscripts were written. The research results were reported in 28 invited talks at conferences and university seminars. 20 invitations were accepted for talks in the near future. 2 symposia at national and international meetings have being organized this year on topics closely related to the DOE funded project, and 2 more symposia have been planned for the near future. We summarized the insights into photoinduced dynamics of semiconductor QDs, obtained from our time-domain ab initio studies. QDs exhibit both molecular and bulk properties. Unlike either bulk or molecular materials, QD properties can be modified continuously by changing QD shape and size. However, the chemical and physical properties of molecular and bulk materials often contradict each other, which can lead to differing viewpoints about the behavior of QDs. For example, the molecular view suggests strong electron-hole and charge-phonon interactions, as well as slow energy relaxation due to mismatch between electronic energy gaps and phonon frequencies. In contrast, the bulk view advocates that the kinetic energy of quantum confinement is greater than electron-hole interactions, that charge-phonon coupling is weak, and that the relaxation through quasi-continuous bands is rapid. By synthesizing the bulk and molecular viewpoints, we clarified the controversies and provided a unified atomistic picture of the nature and dynamics of photoexcited states in semiconductor QDs. We also summarized our recent findings about the photoinduced electron dynamics at the chromophore-semiconductor interfaces from a time-domain ab initio perspective. The interface provides the foundation for a new, promising type of solar cell and presents a fundamentally important case study for several fields, including photo-, electro- and analytical chemistries, molecular electronics, and photography. Further, the interface offers a classic example of an interaction between an organic molecular species and an inorganic bulk material. Scientists employ different concepts and terminologies to describe molecular and solid states of matter, and these differences make it difficult to describe the interface with a single model. At the basic atomistic level of description, however, this challenge can be largely overcome. Recent advances in non-adiabatic molecular dynamics and time-domain density functional theory have created a unique opportunity for simulating the ultrafast, photoinduced processes on a computer very similar to the way that they occur in nature. These state-of-the-art theoretical tools offered a comprehensive picture of a variety of electron transfer processes that occur at the interface, including electron injection from the chromophore to the semiconductor, electron relaxation and delocalization inside the semiconductor, back-transfer of the electron to the chromophore and to the electrolyte, and regeneration of the neutral chromophore by the electrolyte. The ab initio time-domain modeling is particularly valuable for understanding these dynamic features of the ultrafast electron transfer processes, which cannot be represented by a simple rate description. We demonstrated using symmetry adapted cluster theory with configuration interaction (SAC-CI) that charging of small PbSe nanocrystals (NCs) greatly modifies their electronic states and optical excitations. Conduction and valence band transitions that are not available in neutral NCs dominate

Prezhdo, Oleg V.

2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

74

Atomistic Time-Domain Simulations of Light-Harvesting and Charge-Transfer Dynamics in Novel Nanoscale Materials for Solar Hydrogen Production.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Funded by the DOE grant (i) we continued to study and analyze the atomistic detail of the electron transfer (ET) across the chromophore-TiO2 interface in Gratzel cell systems for solar hydrogen production. (ii) We extensively investigated the nature of photoexcited states and excited state dynamics in semiconductor quantum dots (QD) designed for photovoltaic applications. (iii) We continued a newly initiated research direction focusing on excited state properties and electron-phonon interactions in nanoscale carbon materials. Over the past year, the results of the DOE funded research were summarized in 3 review articles. 12 original manuscripts were written. The research results were reported in 28 invited talks at conferences and university seminars. 20 invitations were accepted for talks in the near future. 2 symposia at national and international meetings have being organized this year on topics closely related to the DOE funded project, and 2 more symposia have been planned for the near future. We summarized the insights into photoinduced dynamics of semiconductor QDs, obtained from our time-domain ab initio studies. QDs exhibit both molecular and bulk properties. Unlike either bulk or molecular materials, QD properties can be modified continuously by changing QD shape and size. However, the chemical and physical properties of molecular and bulk materials often contradict each other, which can lead to differing viewpoints about the behavior of QDs. For example, the molecular view suggests strong electron-hole and charge-phonon interactions, as well as slow energy relaxation due to mismatch between electronic energy gaps and phonon frequencies. In contrast, the bulk view advocates that the kinetic energy of quantum confinement is greater than electron-hole interactions, that charge-phonon coupling is weak, and that the relaxation through quasi-continuous bands is rapid. By synthesizing the bulk and molecular viewpoints, we clarified the controversies and provided a unified atomistic picture of the nature and dynamics of photoexcited states in semiconductor QDs. We also summarized our recent findings about the photoinduced electron dynamics at the chromophore-semiconductor interfaces from a time-domain ab initio perspective. The interface provides the foundation for a new, promising type of solar cell and presents a fundamentally important case study for several fields, including photo-, electro- and analytical chemistries, molecular electronics, and photography. Further, the interface offers a classic example of an interaction between an organic molecular species and an inorganic bulk material. Scientists employ different concepts and terminologies to describe molecular and solid states of matter, and these differences make it difficult to describe the interface with a single model. At the basic atomistic level of description, however, this challenge can be largely overcome. Recent advances in non-adiabatic molecular dynamics and time-domain density functional theory have created a unique opportunity for simulating the ultrafast, photoinduced processes on a computer very similar to the way that they occur in nature. These state-of-the-art theoretical tools offered a comprehensive picture of a variety of electron transfer processes that occur at the interface, including electron injection from the chromophore to the semiconductor, electron relaxation and delocalization inside the semiconductor, back-transfer of the electron to the chromophore and to the electrolyte, and regeneration of the neutral chromophore by the electrolyte. The ab initio time-domain modeling is particularly valuable for understanding these dynamic features of the ultrafast electron transfer processes, which cannot be represented by a simple rate description. We demonstrated using symmetry adapted cluster theory with configuration interaction (SAC-CI) that charging of small PbSe nanocrystals (NCs) greatly modifies their electronic states and optical excitations. Conduction and valence band transitions that are not available in neutral NCs dominate

Prezhdo, Oleg V.

2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

75

Neutron Reflectometry and QCM-D Study of the Interaction of Cellulase Enzymes with Films of Amorphous Cellulose  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improving the efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose is one of the key technological hurdles to reduce the cost of producing ethanol and other transportation fuels from lignocellulosic material. A better understanding of how soluble enzymes interact with insoluble cellulose will aid in the design of more efficient enzyme systems. We report a study involving neutron reflectometry (NR) and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) of the interaction of a commercial fungal enzyme extract (T. viride), two purified endoglucanses from thermophilic bacteria (Cel9A from A. acidocaldarius and Cel5A from T. maritima), and a mesophilic fungal endoglucanase (Cel45A from H. insolens) with amorphous cellulose films. The use of amorphous cellulose is motivated by the promise of ionic liquid pretreatment as a second generation technology that disrupts the native crystalline structure of cellulose. NR reveals the profile of water through the film at nm resolution, while QCM-D provides changes in mass and film stiffness. At 20 oC and 0.3 mg/ml, the T. viride cocktail rapidly digested the entire film, beginning from the surface followed by activity throughout the bulk of the film. For similar conditions, Cel9A and Cel5A were active for only a short period of time and only at the surface of the film, with Cel9A releasing 40 from the ~ 700 film and Cel5A resulting in only a slight roughening/swelling effect at the surface. Subsequent elevation of the temperature to the Topt in each case resulted in a very limited increase in activity, corresponding to the loss of an additional 60 from the film for Cel9A and 20 from the film for Cel5A, and very weak penetration into and digestion within the bulk of the film, before the activity again ceased. The results for Cel9A and Cel5A contrast sharply with results for Cel45A where very rapid and extensive penetration and digestion within the bulk of the film was observed at 20 C. We speculate that the large differences are due to the use of the thermophilic enzymes far below their optimal temperatures and also the presence of a cellulose binding module (CBM) on Cel45A while the thermophilic enzymes lack a CBM.

Halbert, Candice E [ORNL; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Kent, Michael S [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Jaclyn, Murton K [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Browning, Jim [ORNL; Cheng, Gang [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Liu, Zelin [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Majewski, Jaroslaw [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Supratim, Datta [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Michael, Jablin [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Bulent, Akgun [NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCRN), Gaithersburg, MD; Alan, Esker [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Simmons, Blake [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Interaction of silica nano-particles with a flat silica surface through neutron reflectometry  

SciTech Connect

Neutron reflectometry (NR) was employed to study the interaction of nanosized silica particles with a flat silica surface in aqueous solutions. Unlike other experimental tools that are used to study surface interactions, NR can provide information on the particle density profile in the solution near the interface. Two types of silica particles (25 and 100 nm) were suspended in aqueous solutions of varying ionic strength. Theoretical calculations of the surface interaction potential between a particle and a flat silica surface using the Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory were compared to the experimental data. The theory predicts that the potential energy is highly dependent on the ionic strength. In high ionic strength solutions, NR reveals a high concentration of particles near the flat silica surface. Under the same conditions, theoretical calculations show an attractive force between a particle and a flat surface. For low ionic strength solutions, the particle concentration near the surface obtained from NR is the same as the bulk concentration, while depletion of particles near the surface is expected because of the repulsion predicted by the DLVO theory.

Chung, Eunhyea [Georgia Institute of Technology; Yiacoumi, Sotira [Georgia Institute of Technology; Halbert, Candice E [ORNL; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Wang, Wei [ORNL; Tsouris, Costas [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

High-pressure cell for neutron reflectometry of supercritical and subcritical fluids at solid interfaces  

SciTech Connect

A new high-pressure cell design for use in neutron reflectometry (NR) for pressures up to 50 MPa and a temperature range of 300 473 K is described. The cell design guides the neutron beam through the working crystal without passing through additional windows or the bulk fluid, which provides for a high neutron transmission, low scattering background, and low beam distortion. The o-ring seal is suitable for a wide range of subcritical and supercritical fluids and ensures high chemical and pressure stability. Wafers with a diameter of 5.08 cm (2 in.) and 5 mm or 10 mm thickness can be used with the cells, depending on the required pressure and momentum transfer range. The fluid volume in the sample cell is very small at about 0.1 ml, which minimizes scattering background and stored energy. The cell design and pressure setup for measurements with supercritical fluids are described. NR data are shown for silicon/silicon oxide and quartz wafers measured against air and subsequently within the high-pressure cell to demonstrate the neutron characteristics of the high-pressure cell. Neutron reflectivity data for supercritical CO2 in contact with quartz and Si/SiO2 wafers are also shown.

Carmichael, Justin R [ORNL; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Browning, Jim [ORNL; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Banuelos, Jose Leo [ORNL; Anovitz, Lawrence {Larry} M [ORNL; Wesolowski, David J [ORNL; Cole, David [Ohio State University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

High resolution fast wave reflectometry: JET design and implications for ITER  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The measurement of the fuel mixture remains a very difficult task in thermonuclear plasmas, where the hydrogen isotopes are fully stripped and do not emit line radiation. On the other hand, direct determination of the ion species mix will be essential in the reactor to keep the mixture close to 50/50 and maximize the fusion output. In this paper, the design of fast wave reflectometry for JET is reviewed to show the potential of such a method in the perspective of ITER. The main design elements of the antenna and the detection system, based on vectorial measurements, are reported. The main challenges to such a diagnostic, mainly the intrinsic ion cyclotron emission from the plasma and the extensive use of ion cyclotron radiofrequencies as additional heating, are addressed in detail. The overall design indicates that the proposed system would be able to provide a measurement of the fuel ratio with spatial resolution in the range of few centimeters and temporal resolution in the range of 1 ms in the vast majority of JET scenarios.

Cupido, L.; Igreja, R.; Serra, F.; Manso, M. E. [EURATOM-IST Association, IPFN, IST, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Cardinali, A. [EURATOM-ENEA Association, Frascati I00044 (Italy); Murari, A. [JET-EFDA, Culham Science Centre, OX14 3DB. Abingdon (United Kingdom)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK (DST) THERMAL & SEISMIC PROJECT ESTABLISHMENT OF METHODOLOGY FOR TIME DOMAIN SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION ANALYSIS OF HANFORD DST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

M&D Professional Services, Inc. (M&D) is under subcontract to Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL) to perform seismic analysis of the Hanford Site Double-Shell Tanks (DSTs) in support of a project entitled ''Double-Shell Tank DSV Integrity Project-DST Thermal and Seismic Analyses''. The overall scope of the project is to complete an up-to-date comprehensive analysis of record of the DST System at Hanford in support of Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-48-14. The thermal and operating loads analysis of the DSTs is documented in Rinker et al. (2004). The work statement provided to M&D (PNNL 2003) required that the seismic analysis of the DST assess the impacts of potentially non-conservative assumptions in previous analyses and account for the additional soil mass due to the as-found soil density increase, the effects of material degradation, additional thermal profiles applied to the full structure including the soil-structure response with the footings, the non-rigid (low frequency) response of the tank roof, the asymmetric seismic-induced soil loading, the structural discontinuity between the concrete tank wall and the support footing and the sloshing of the tank waste. The seismic analysis considers the interaction of the tank with the surrounding soil, and the effects of the primary tank contents. The DST and the surrounding soil are modeled as a system of finite elements. The depth and width of the soil incorporated into the analysis model are sufficient to obtain appropriately accurate analytical results. The analyses required to support the work statement differ from previous analysis of the DSTs in that the soil-structure interaction (SSI) model includes several (nonlinear) contact surfaces in the tank structure, and the contained waste must be modeled explicitly in order to capture the fluid-structure interaction behavior between the primary tank and contained waste. Soil-structure interaction analyses are traditionally solved in the frequency domain, but frequency domain analysis is limited to systems with linear responses. The nonlinear character of the coupled SSI model and tank structural model requires that the seismic analysis be solved in the time domain. However, time domain SSI analysis is somewhat nontraditional and requires that the appropriate methodology be developed and demonstrated. Moreover, the analysis of seismically induced fluid-structure interaction between the explicitly modeled waste and the primary tank must be benchmarked against known solutions to simpler problems before being applied to the more complex analysis of the DSTs. The objective of this investigation is to establish the methodology necessary to perform the required SSI analysis of the DSTs in the time domain. Specifically, the analysis establishes the capabilities and limitations of the time domain codes ANSYS and Dytran for performing seismic SSI analysis of the DSTs. The benchmarking of the codes Dytran and ANSYS for performing seismically induced fluid-structure interaction (FSI) between the contained waste and the DST primary tank are documented in Abatt (2006) and Carpenter and Abatt (2006), respectively. The results of those two studies show that both codes have the capability to analyze the fluid-structure interaction behavior of the primary tank and contained waste. As expected, Dytran appears to have more robust capabilities for FSI analysis. The ANSYS model used in that study captures much of the FSI behavior, but does have some limitations for predicting the convective response of the waste and possibly the response of the waste in the knuckle region of the primary tank. While Dytran appears to have somewhat stronger capabilities for the analysis of the FSI behavior in the primary tank, it is more practical for the overall analysis to use ANSYS. Thus, Dytran served the purpose of helping to identify limitations in the ANSYS FSI analysis so that those limitations can be addressed in the structural evaluation of the primary tank. The limitations of ANSYS for predicting the details of the convective

MACKEY, T.C.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

80

TIME DOMAIN MULTIPLE QUANTUM NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison with Single Quantum NMR C. Frequency Selectiveli, A. Bax, "Two Dimensional NMR" , Delft University Press,G. Bodenhausen, Prog. in NMR Spec. A. Pines, D. Wemmer, J.

Weitekamp, D.P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Modified Allan Variance as Time-Domain Analysis Tool for Estimating the Hurst Parameter of Long-Range Dependent Traffic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract ? Experimental measurements show that Internet traffic exhibits self-similarity and long-range dependence (LRD). A delicate issue is the estimation of traffic statistical quantities that characterize self-similarity and LRD, such as the Hurst parameter H. In this paper, we propose to use the Modified Allan Variance (MAVAR), a well-known time-domain tool originally studied for frequency stability characterization, for estimating the power-law spectrum and thus the H parameter of LRD traffic time series. This novel method is validated by comparison to one of the most widely adopted algorithms for analyzing LRD traffic: the log-scale diagram technique based on wavelet analysis. Both methods are applied to pseudo-random data series, generated with known values of H. MAVAR exhibits outstanding accuracy in estimating H, better than the classical log-scale method. Finally, both techniques are applied to a real IP traffic trace, providing a further example of the capabilities of MAVAR. Index Terms ? Fractals, fractional noise, Internet, long-range dependence, self-similarity, traffic control (communication). Work partialy supported by Ministero dellIstruzione, dellUniversit e della Ricerca (MIUR), Italy, under FIRB project TANGO. I.

Stefano Bregni; Senior Member; Luca Primerano

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Non-invasive, MRI-compatible fibreoptic device for functional near-IR reflectometry of human brain  

SciTech Connect

A non-invasive device for measuring blood oxygen variations in human brain is designed, implemented, and tested for MRI compatibility. The device is based on principles of near-IR reflectometry; power LEDs serve as sources of probing radiation delivered to patient skin surface through optical fibres. Numerical Monte Carlo simulations of probing radiation propagation in a multilayer brain model are performed to evaluate signal levels at different source - detector separations at three operation wavelengths and an additional wavelength of 915 nm. It is shown that the device can be applied for brain activity studies using power LEDs operating at 830 and 915 nm, while employment of wavelength of 660 nm requires an increased probing power. Employment of the wavelength of 592 nm in the current configuration is unreasonable. (application of lasers and laser-optical methods in life sciences)

Sorvoja, H.S.S.; Myllylae, T S; Myllylae, Risto A [University of Oulu, Optoelectronics and Measurements Techniques Laboratory (Finland); Kirillin, M Yu; Sergeeva, Ekaterina A [Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhnii Novgorod (Russian Federation); Elseoud, A A; Nikkinen, J; Tervonen, O; Kiviniemi, V [MRI Research Unit, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu (Finland)

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

83

Eminent Domain Law (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations confer the power of eminent domain and describe procedures for exercising eminent domain in Iowa.

84

Interactions of Endoglucanases with Amorphous Cellulose Films Resolved by Neutron Reflectometry and Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study of the interaction of four endoglucanases with amorphous cellulose films by neutron reflectometry (NR) and quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) is reported. The endoglucanases include a mesophilic fungal endoglucanase (Cel45A from H. insolens), a processive endoglucanase from a marine bacterium (Cel5H from S. degradans), and two from thermophilic bacteria (Cel9A from A. acidocaldarius and Cel5A from T. maritima). The use of amorphous cellulose is motivated by the promise of ionic liquid pretreatment as a second generation technology that disrupts the native crystalline structure of cellulose. The endoglucanases displayed highly diverse behavior. Cel45A and Cel5H, which possess carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs), penetrated and digested within the bulk of the films to a far greater extent than Cel9A and Cel5A, which lack CBMs. While both Cel45A and Cel5H were active within the bulk of the films, striking differences were observed. With Cel45A, substantial film expansion and interfacial broadening were observed, whereas for Cel5H the film thickness decreased with little interfacial broadening. These results are consistent with Cel45A digesting within the interior of cellulose chains as a classic endoglucanase, and Cel5H digesting predominantly at chain ends consistent with its designation as a processive endoglucanase.

Cheng, Gang [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Liu, Zelin [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Kent, Michael S [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Majewski, Jaroslaw [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Michael, Jablin [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Jaclyn, Murton K [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Halbert, Candice E [ORNL; Datta, Supratim [Joint Bioenergy Institute; Chao, Wang [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Brown, Page [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

FISCHERPLOTS: An Excel spreadsheet for computing Fischer plots of accommodation change in cyclic carbonate successions in both the time and depth domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fischer plots are plots of accommodation (derived by calculating cumulative departure from mean cycle thickness) versus cycle number or stratigraphic distance (proxies for time), for cyclic carbonate platforms. Although many workers have derived programs ... Keywords: Accommodation space, Excel spreadsheet, Fischer plots, Parasequence, Sea level

Antun Husinec; Danko Basch; Brett Rose; J. Fred Read

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Trapping of Implanted He at Cu/Nb Interfaces Measured by Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In single crystalline metals, He is insoluble and precipitates into bubbles. In contrast, Cu-Nb multilayers show no evidence of bubble formation below a critical concentration. The conclusions of this paper are: (1) He is trapped at Cu/Nb , Cu/Mo interfaces; (2) He is trapped interstitially; (3) The interface swells {approx} 10 times; and (4) The layered structure retains despite the swell of interfaces.

Wang, Peng [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhernenkov, Mikhail [Applications Scientist at Nanometrics; Kashinath, Abishek [MIT; Demkowicz, Michael [MIT; Baldwin, Jon K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Majewski, Jaroslaw [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

87

Making abstract domains condensing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, we show that reversible analyses of logic languages by abstract interpretation can be performed without loss of precision by systematically refining abstract domains. This is obtained by adding to the abstract domain the minimal amount ... Keywords: Abstract domain, abstract interpretation, completeness, condensation, linear logic, logic program analysis

Roberto Giacobazzi; Francesco Ranzato; Francesca Scozzari

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Polarized Neutron Reflectometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... holds true in both the exact theory and Born ... process which are common to both nuclear and magnetic ... only one of two discrete energy states within ...

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

89

Wafer characteristics via reflectometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Various exemplary methods (800, 900, 1000, 1100) are directed to determining wafer thickness and/or wafer surface characteristics. An exemplary method (900) includes measuring reflectance of a wafer and comparing the measured reflectance to a calculated reflectance or a reflectance stored in a database. Another exemplary method (800) includes positioning a wafer on a reflecting support to extend a reflectance range. An exemplary device (200) has an input (210), analysis modules (222-228) and optionally a database (230). Various exemplary reflectometer chambers (1300, 1400) include radiation sources positioned at a first altitudinal angle (1308, 1408) and at a second altitudinal angle (1312, 1412). An exemplary method includes selecting radiation sources positioned at various altitudinal angles. An exemplary element (1650, 1850) includes a first aperture (1654, 1854) and a second aperture (1658, 1858) that can transmit reflected radiation to a fiber and an imager, respectfully.

Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

90

NCNR Reflectometry Software  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... reflectivity. In SPIE Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1738. CF Majkrzak and JL Wood, editors. SPIE, Bellingham, WA. Last ...

91

Domain walls riding the wave.  

SciTech Connect

Recent years have witnessed a rapid proliferation of electronic gadgets around the world. These devices are used for both communication and entertainment, and it is a fact that they account for a growing portion of household energy consumption and overall world consumption of electricity. Increasing the energy efficiency of these devices could have a far greater and immediate impact than a gradual switch to renewable energy sources. The advances in the area of spintronics are therefore very important, as gadgets are mostly comprised of memory and logic elements. Recent developments in controlled manipulation of magnetic domains in ferromagnet nanostructures have opened opportunities for novel device architectures. This new class of memories and logic gates could soon power millions of consumer electronic devices. The attractiveness of using domain-wall motion in electronics is due to its inherent reliability (no mechanical moving parts), scalability (3D scalable architectures such as in racetrack memory), and nonvolatility (retains information in the absence of power). The remaining obstacles in widespread use of 'racetrack-type' elements are the speed and the energy dissipation during the manipulation of domain walls. In their recent contribution to Physical Review Letters, Oleg Tretiakov, Yang Liu, and Artem Abanov from Texas A&M University in College Station, provide a theoretical description of domain-wall motion in nanoscale ferromagnets due to the spin-polarized currents. They find exact conditions for time-dependent resonant domain-wall movement, which could speed up the motion of domain walls while minimizing Ohmic losses. Movement of domain walls in ferromagnetic nanowires can be achieved by application of external magnetic fields or by passing a spin-polarized current through the nanowire itself. On the other hand, the readout of the domain state is done by measuring the resistance of the wire. Therefore, passing current through the ferromagnetic wire is the preferred method, as it combines manipulation and readout of the domain-wall state. The electrons that take part in the process of readout and manipulation of the domain-wall structure in the nanowire do so through the so-called spin transfer torque: When spin-polarized electrons in the ferromagnet nanowire pass through the domain wall they experience a nonuniform magnetization, and they try to align their spins with the local magnetic moments. The force that the electrons experience has a reaction force counterpart that 'pushes' the local magnetic moments, resulting in movement of the domain wall in the direction of the electron flow through the spin-transfer torque. The forces between the electrons and the local magnetic moments in the ferromagnet also create additional electrical resistance for the electrons passing through the domain wall. By measuring resistance across a segment of the nanowire, one determines if a domain wall is present; i.e., one can read the stored information. The interaction of the spin-polarized electrons with the domain wall in the ferromagnetic nanowire is not very efficient. Even for materials achieving high polarization of the free electrons, it is very difficult to move the magnetic domain wall. Several factors contribute to this problem, with imperfections of the ferromagnetic nanowire that cause domain-wall pinning being the dominant one. Permalloy nanowires, one of the best candidates for domain-wall-based memory and logic devices, require current densities of the order of 10{sup 8} A/cm{sup 2} in order to move a domain wall from a pinning well. Considering that this current has to pass through a relatively long wire, it is not very difficult to imagine that most of the energy will go to Joule heating. The efficiency of the process - the ratio of the energy converted to domain-wall motion to the total energy consumed - is comparable to that of an incandescent light bulb converting electricity to light. A step towards more efficient domain-wall-based memory devices is the advance of using alternating currents or curren

Karapetrov, G.; Novosad, V.; Materials Science Division

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Nested Domain Defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An example of a supersymmetric model involving two interacting chiral superfields is presented here which allows for solutions describing string-like ``domain ribbon'' defects embedded within a domain wall. It is energetically favorable for the fermions within the wall to populate the domain ribbons, and an explicit solution is found for the fermion zero modes. The Fermi gas within ribbons can allow them to stabilize in the form of small loops.

J. R. Morris

1997-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

93

A fourth-order symplectic finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method for light scattering and a 3D Monte Carlo code for radiative transfer in scattering systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method is applied to light scattering computations, the far fields can be obtained by either a volume integration method, or a surface integration method. In the first study, we investigate the errors associated with the two near-to-far field transform methods. For a scatterer with a small refractive index, the surface approach is more accurate than its volume counterpart for computing the phase functions and extinction efficiencies; however, the volume integral approach is more accurate for computing other scattering matrix elements. If a large refractive index is involved, the results computed from the volume integration method become less accurate, whereas the surface method still retains the same order of accuracy as in the situation of a small refractive index. In my second study, a fourth order symplectic FDTD method is applied to the problem of light scattering by small particles. The total-field/ scattered-field (TF/SF) technique is generalized for providing the incident wave source conditions in the symplectic FDTD (SFDTD) scheme. Numerical examples demonstrate that the fourthorder symplectic FDTD scheme substantially improves the precision of the near field calculation. The major shortcoming of the fourth-order SFDTD scheme is that it requires more computer CPU time than the conventional second-order FDTD scheme if the same grid size is used. My third study is on multiple scattering theory. We develop a 3D Monte Carlo code for the solving vector radiative transfer equation, which is the equation governing the radiation field in a multiple scattering medium. The impulse-response relation for a plane-parallel scattering medium is studied using our 3D Monte Carlo code. For a collimated light beam source, the angular radiance distribution has a dark region as the detector moves away from the incident point. The dark region is gradually filled as multiple scattering increases. We have also studied the effects of the finite size of clouds. Extending the finite size of clouds to infinite layers leads to underestimating the reflected radiance in the multiple scattering region, especially for scattering angles around 90 degrees. The results have important applications in the field of remote sensing.

Zhai, Pengwang

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Domain bias in web search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper uncovers a new phenomenon in web search that we call domain bias --- a user's propensity to believe that a page is more relevant just because it comes from a particular domain. We provide evidence of the existence of domain bias in click activity ... Keywords: domain bias, user behavior, web search

Samuel Ieong; Nina Mishra; Eldar Sadikov; Li Zhang

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Cellulose binding domain proteins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy (Davis, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Simplified parallel domain traversal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many data-intensive scientific analysis techniques require global domain traversal, which over the years has been a bottleneck for efficient parallelization across distributed-memory architectures. Inspired by MapReduce and other simplified parallel ... Keywords: atmospheric ensemble analysis, data-intensive analysis, parallel particle tracing, parallel processing

Wesley Kendall; Jingyuan Wang; Melissa Allen; Tom Peterka; Jian Huang; David Erickson

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package | Argonne National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package The Data Domain to Model Domain Conversion Package project will develop methods and implement a novel approach for generating data ensembles by using the latest available statistical modeling tools and knowledge of relevant physical and chemical process to develop climatologically aware methods for processing ACRF and other spatially sparse data sets. Data collected at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility (ACRF) sites are employed mainly in column radiation models, to validate the models and develop new parameterizations. Currently, no single methodology can be used with data collected at the spatial scale of the ACRF sites or from specific AmeriFlux locations, to

98

The trace partitioning abstract domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to achieve better precision of abstract interpretation-based static analysis, we introduce a new generic abstract domain, the trace partitioning abstract domain. We develop a theoretical framework allowing a wide range of instantiations of the ...

Xavier Rival; Laurent Mauborgne

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Domain-wall branes in Lifshitz theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze whether or not Lifshitz field theories in 4 + 1 dimensions may provide ultraviolet-complete domain-wall brane models. We first show that Lifshitz scalar field theory can admit topologically stable domain wall solutions. A Lifshitz fermion field is then added to the toy model, and we demonstrate that 3+1- dimensional Kaluza-Klein zero mode solutions do not exist when the four spatial dimensions are treated isotropically. To recover 3 + 1-dimensional chiral fermions dynamically localized to the domain wall, we must postulate the breaking of full 4-dimensional rotational symmetry down to the subgroup of rotations which mix the usual 3-dimensional spatial directions and fix the extra-dimensional axis in addition to the anisotropy between space and time.

Jayne E. Thompson; Raymond R. Volkas

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

100

Fractal analysis of time varying data  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Characteristics of time varying data, such as an electrical signal, are analyzed by converting the data from a temporal domain into a spatial domain pattern. Fractal analysis is performed on the spatial domain pattern, thereby producing a fractal dimension D.sub.F. The fractal dimension indicates the regularity of the time varying data.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Sadana, Ajit (Oxford, MS)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Vector-field domain walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We argue that spontaneous Lorentz violation may generally lead to metastable domain walls related to the simultaneous violation of some accompanying discrete symmetries. Remarkably, such domain-wall solutions exist for spacelike Lorentz violation and do not exist for the timelike violation. Because a preferred space direction is spontaneously induced, these domain walls have no planar symmetry and produce a peculiar static gravitational field at small distances, while their long-distance gravity appears the same as for regular scalar-field walls. Some possible applications of vector-field domain walls are briefly discussed.

Chkareuli, J. L. [E. Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, 0177 Tbilisi, Georgia (United States); I. Chavchavadze State University, 0162 Tbilisi (Georgia); Kobakhidze, Archil [E. Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, 0177 Tbilisi (Georgia); School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Volkas, Raymond R. [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

JORDAN DOMAINS ARE CAT(0)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. For a Jordan domain in the plane the length metric space of points connected to an interior point by a curve of finite length is a cat(0) space. With respect to the cone topology, that space plus its boundary at infinity is topologically the same as the original Jordan domain. 1.

Richard L. Bishop

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Diffusion of liquid domains in lipid bilayer membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report diffusion coeffcients of micron-scale liquid domains in giant unilamellar vesicles of phospholipids and cholesterol. The trajectory of each domain is tracked, and the mean square displacement grows linearly in time as expected for Brownian motion. We study domain dffusion as a function of composition and temperature, and measure how diffusion depends on domain size. We find mechanisms of domain diffusion which are consistent with membrane-dominated drag in viscous Lo phases [P.G. Saffman and M. Delbruck, PNAS 72, 3111 (1975)], and bulk-dominated drag for less viscous L$_\\alpha$ phases [B.D.Hughes et al., J. Fluid Mech. 110, 349 (1981)]. Where applicable, we obtain the membrane viscosity and report activation energies of diffusion.

Pietro Cicuta; Sarah L. Keller; Sarah L. Veatch

2006-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

104

A New Method for Time Series Filtering near Endpoints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time series filtering (e.g., smoothing) can be done in the spectral domain without loss of endpoints. However, filtering is commonly performed in the time domain using convolutions, resulting in lost points near the series endpoints. Multiple ...

Anthony Arguez; Peng Yu; James J. OBrien

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Domain assignments for FSSP representative set using DomainParser  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Domain assignments for the FSSP representative set Domain assignments for the FSSP representative set The following are the domain assignments for the FSSP representative set (released on January 31, 2000, 1987 chains in total) using DomainParser. Each line shows a PDB entry (with a chain identifier if any), total number of residues, number of domains, and domain assignments. The result is obtained fully automatically without manual editing. 12asa 327 2 (33-86; 271-288) (4-32; 87-270; 289-330) 153l 185 1 16pk 415 2 (5-205; 409-419) (206-408) 16vpa 311 2 (47-130; 164-233; 324-349) (131-163; 234-323; 395-402) 1914 171 1 19hca 292 2 (45-107) (1-44; 108-292) 1a02f 53 1 1a02j 52 1 1a02n 280 2 (399-569) (570-678) 1a04a 205 2 (5-126) (127-216) 1a0aa 63 1 1a0ca 437 1 1a0fa 201 2 (1-81) (82-201) 1a0ha 159 1 1a0i 332 2 (2-239) (240-349)

106

Stochastic Chemical Reactions in Micro-domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional chemical kinetics may be inappropriate to describe chemical reactions in micro-domains involving only a small number of substrate and reactant molecules. Starting with the stochastic dynamics of the molecules, we derive a master-diffusion equation for the joint probability density of a mobile reactant and the number of bound substrate in a confined domain. We use the equation to calculate the fluctuations in the number of bound substrate molecules as a function of initial reactant distribution. A second model is presented based on a Markov description of the binding and unbinding and on the mean first passage time of a molecule to a small portion of the boundary. These models can be used for the description of noise due to gating of ionic channels by random binding and unbinding of ligands in biological sensor cells, such as olfactory cilia, photo-receptors, hair cells in the cochlea.

D. Holcman; Z. Schuss

2004-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

107

Keys, nominals, and concrete domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many description logics (DLs) combine knowledge representation on an abstract, logical level with an interface to "concrete" domains like numbers and strings with built-in predicates such as <, +, and prefix-of. These hybrid DLs have turned out to ...

Carsten Lutz; Carlos Areces; Ian Horrocks; Ulrike Sattler

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Plan recognition in exploratory domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a challenging plan recognition problem that arises in environments in which agents engage widely in exploratory behavior, and presents new algorithms for effective plan recognition in such settings. In exploratory domains, agents@? ... Keywords: Plan recognition, User modeling

Yaakov Gal; Swapna Reddy; Stuart M. Shieber; Andee Rubin; Barbara J. Grosz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

NExpTime-complete Description Logics with Concrete Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the fusion is still decidable. As an example, we consider the DLs (i) ALCF , which extends the basic DL ALC). However, their union ALCF +;?;t has an undecidable subsumption problem (Baader et al., 1993). This undecidability result depends on the fact that, in ALCF +;?;t , the role constructors transitive closure

Lutz, Carsten

110

Cellulose binding domain fusion proteins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Cellulose binding domain fusion proteins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 16 figs.

Shoseyov, O.; Yosef, K.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

1998-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

112

Characterization of national Web domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the last few years, several studies on the characterization of the public Web space of various national domains have been published. The pages of a country are an interesting set for studying the characteristics of the Web because at the same ... Keywords: Web characterization, Web measurement

Ricardo Baeza-Yates; Carlos Castillo; Efthimis N. Efthimiadis

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Transcription of domain patterns in near-stoichiometric magnesium-doped lithium niobate  

SciTech Connect

Recently, light-induced domain reversal has been developed to a promising method for domain engineering, but the depth of reversed domain is only of several tens of microns, which greatly limits its practical applications. In this Letter, we fabricated domain patterns on the -z face of 1.0 mol % Mg doped near-stoichiometric lithium niobate with the assistance of a focal 532 nm laser, and then succeeded to transcribe these domain patterns from the -z to the +z face by applying external field without laser illumination. The transcribed domains have much larger depths, can sustain more than 100 times of the transcription cycles without large deformation, and can be erased by one transcription cycle with illumination of 532 nm laser. Finally, a light-induced ferroelectric domain transcription model was proposed.

Zeng Hao; Tian Tian; Sun Tongqing [School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Kong Yongfa; Chen Shaolin; Zhang Ling; Rupp, Romano [MOE Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics and TEDA Applied Physics School, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457 (China); Xu Jingjun [School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); MOE Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics and TEDA Applied Physics School, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457 (China)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

Three-dimensional transient electromagnetic modeling in the Laplace Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In modeling electromagnetic responses, Maxwell's equations in the frequency domain are popular and have been widely used (Nabighian, 1994; Newman and Alumbaugh, 1995; Smith, 1996, to list a few). Recently, electromagnetic modeling in the time domain using the finite difference (FDTD) method (Wang and Hohmann, 1993) has also been used to study transient electromagnetic interactions in the conductive medium. This paper presents a new technique to compute the electromagnetic response of three-dimensional (3-D) structures. The proposed new method is based on transforming Maxwell's equations to the Laplace domain. For each discrete Laplace variable, Maxwell's equations are discretized in 3-D using the staggered grid and the finite difference method (FDM). The resulting system of equations is then solved for the fields using the incomplete Cholesky conjugate gradient (ICCG) method. The new method is particularly effective in saving computer memory since all the operations are carried out in real numbers. For the same reason, the computing speed is faster than frequency domain modeling. The proposed approach can be an extremely useful tool in developing an inversion algorithm using the time domain data.

Mizunaga, H.; Lee, Ki Ha; Kim, H.J.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

PRF Domain Extension Using DAGs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove a general domain extension theorem for pseudo-random functions (PRFs). Given a PRF F from n bits to n bits, it is well known that employing F in a chaining mode (CBC-MAC) yields a PRF on the bigger domain of mn bits. One can view each application of F in this chaining mode to be a node in a graph, and the chaining as the edges between the node. The resulting graph is just a line graph. In this paper, we show that the underlying graph can be an arbitrary directed acyclic graph (DAG), and the resulting function on the larger domain is still a PRF. The only requirement on the graph is that it have unique source and sink nodes, and no two nodes have the same set of incident nodes. A new highly parallelizable MAC construction follows which has a critical path of only m applications of F . If we allow Galois field arithmetic, we can consider edge-colored DAGs, where the colors represent multiplication in the field by the color. We prove an even more general theorem, where the only restriction on the colored DAGs is that if two nodes (u and v) have the same set of incident nodes W , then at least one w in W is incident on u and v with a different colored edge. PMAC (parallelizable message authentication [5]) is a simple example of such graphs. Finally, to handle variable length domain extension, we extend our theorem to a collection of DAGs. The general theorem allows one to have further optimizations over PMAC, and many modes which deal with variable lengths. All the results proven are under the adaptive adversary model. Keywords: PRF, MAC, DAG, partial order, Galois field 1

Charanjit S. Jutla

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

How to Run DomainParser  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Run DomainParser Run DomainParser The structure for partition needs to be prepared in the PDB format. In most cases, running DomainParser using defaults should give satisfactory partitions. However, several options offered in DomainParser can provide a partition that a user desires or correct some overcut/undercut partitions. Here, we use a PDB file 1atna.pdb as an example to show how to use the DomainParser program. Run DomainParser using defaults: domainparser 1atna.pdb The output shows the partition for each domain in terms of ranges of residue numbers: 4 domains have been found for 1atna: Domain 1 : 34-96. Domain 2 : 181-272. Domain 3 : 148-180; 273-336. Domain 4 : 0-33; 97-147; 337-372. The program also generates a new file 1atna_dom.pdb, with the "temperature factor" column (column 61-66 of an "ATOM" entry) showing domain numbers. A

117

Improving abstract interpretations by combining domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we consider static analyses based on abstract interpretation of logic programs over combined domains. It is known that analyses over combined domains potentially provide more information than obtainable by performing the independent abstract ...

M. Codish; A. Mulkers; M. Bruynooghe; M. Garca de la Banda; M. Hermenegildo

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Patterning Nano-Domains with Orthogonal Functionalities ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Patterning Nano-Domains with Orthogonal Functionalities: Solventless Synthesis of Self-Sorting Surfaces Karen ...

2013-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

119

Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains Zeynep K#16;z#16;ltan Computer Science Division an application domain as a family of CSP models, so as to exhibit the generic constraint store for all models store and the domain propagation during search is analysed, so as to infer | before modelling any CSP

Rossi, Francesca

120

Architecture for mobile Heterogeneous Multi Domain networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi domain networks can be used in several scenarios including military, enterprize networks, emergency networks and many other cases. In such networks, each domain might be under its own administration. Therefore, the cooperation among domains is ... Keywords: Network architecture, heterogeneous networks, mobility, policy based networking

Arjan Durresi; Ping Zhang; Mimoza Durresi; Leonard Barolli

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Free biholomorphic classification of noncommutative domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we develop a theory of free holomorphic functions on noncommutative Reinhardt domains generated by positive regular free holomorphic functions in n noncommuting variables. We show that the free biholomorphic classification of these domains is the same as the classification, up to unital completely isometric isomorphisms, of the corresponding noncommutative domain algebras.

Popescu, Gelu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A new domain decomposition method with overlapping patches for ultrascale simulations: Application to biological flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the failure in scalability of large-scale parallel simulations that are based on (semi-)implicit time-stepping and hence on the solution of linear systems on thousands of processors. We develop a general algorithmic framework based on domain ... Keywords: Arterial network, CFD, Multi-domain decomposition, Petaflop computing, Scalability, Spectral element method

L. Grinberg; G. E. Karniadakis

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Domain Bubbles of Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

``Dimension bubbles'' of the type previously studied by Blau and Guendelman [S.K. Blau and E.I. Guendelman, Phys. Rev. D40, 1909 (1989)], which effectively enclose a region of 5d spacetime and are surrounded by a region of 4d spacetime, can arise in a 5d theory with a compact extra dimension that is dimensionally reduced to give an effective 4d theory. These bubbles with thin domain walls can be stabilized against total collapse in a rather natural way by a scalar field which, as in the case with ``ordinary'' nontopological solitons, traps light scalar particles inside the bubble.

J. R. Morris

2002-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

124

Domain wall conduction in multiaxial ferroelectrics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conductance of domain wall structures consisting of either stripes or cylindrical domains in multiaxial ferroelectric-semiconductors is analyzed. The effects of the flexoelectric coupling, domain size, wall tilt, and curvature on charge accumulation are analyzed using the Landau-Ginsburg Devonshire theory for polarization vector combined with the Poisson equation for charge distributions. The proximity and size effect of the electron and donor accumulation/depletion by thin stripe domains and cylindrical nanodomains are revealed. In contrast to thick domain stripes and wider cylindrical domains, in which the carrier accumulation (and so the static conductivity) sharply increases at the domain walls only, small nanodomains of radii less than 5-10 correlation lengths appeared conducting across the entire cross-section. Implications of such conductive nanosized channels may be promising for nanoelectronics.

Eliseev, E. A. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Morozovska, A. N. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Svechnikov, S. V. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Maksymovych, Petro [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Segmenting Time Series for Weather Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbines. In the domain of meteorology, time series data produced by numerical weather prediction (NWP) models is summarised as weather forecast texts. In the domain of gas turbines, sensor data from an operational gas turbine is summarised for the maintenance engineers. More details on SUMTIME have been

Reiter, Ehud

126

Nonlinear Cascades of Surface Oceanic Geostrophic Kinetic Energy in the Frequency Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the ubiquity of time series in oceanic data, the relative lack of studies of geostrophic turbulence in the frequency domain, and the interest in quantifying the contributions of intrinsic nonlinearities to oceanic frequency spectra, ...

Brian K. Arbic; Robert B. Scott; Glenn R. Flierl; Andrew J. Morten; James G. Richman; Jay F. Shriver

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

LES Model Sensitivities to Domains, Grids, and Large-Eddy Timescales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study has addressed the sensitivity of large-eddy simulation (LES) models to domain size, grid resolution, and the number of large-eddy turnover times (t) of integration, and their respective effects on the characteristic turbulence ...

Ernest Agee; Alexander Gluhovsky

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

DSC: Public Domain Protein Secondary Structure Prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the public domain versions of DSC (ftp://ftp.icnet.uk/icrfpublic /bmm/king/dsc/dsc.tar.z.).

Ross D. King; Mansoor Saqi; Roger Sayle; Michael J. E. Sternberg

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Full abstraction for nominal Scott domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a domain theory within nominal sets and present programming language constructs and results that can be gained from this approach. The development is based on the concept of orbit-finite subset, that is, a subset of a nominal sets that is ... Keywords: denotational semantics, domain theory, full abstraction, nominal sets, symmetry

Steffen Lsch; Andrew M. Pitts

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Domain reduction method for atomistic simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a quasi-static formulation of the method of multi-scale boundary conditions (MSBCs) is derived and applied to atomistic simulations of carbon nano-structures, namely single graphene sheets and multi-layered graphite. This domain reduction ... Keywords: atomistic simulation, carbon nano-structures, deformable boundary, domain reduction, graphite, multi-scale modeling, nano-indentation

Sergey N. Medyanik; Eduard G. Karpov; Wing Kam Liu

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

A logical model for relational abstract domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we introduce the notion of Heyting completion in abstract interpretation. We prove that Heyting completion provides a model for Cousot's reduced cardinal power of abstract domains and that it supplies a logical basis to specify relational ... Keywords: Heyting completion, abstract interpretation, closure operators, condensing analysis, constraint logic programming, directional types, domains, intuitionistic logic, reduced cardinal power, static analysis

Roberto Giacobazzi; Francesca Scozzari

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Improving abstract interpretations by combining domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article considers static analysis based on abstract interpretation of logic programs over combined domains. It is known that analyses over combined domains provide more information potentially than obtained by the independent analyses. However, ... Keywords: abstract interpretation, logic programming, program analysis

Michael Codish; Anne Mulkers; Maurice Bruynooghe; Maria Garca de la Banda; Manuel Hermenegildo

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Wednesday, 27 June 2012 00:00 Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

134

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

135

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

136

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

137

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print Slow Dynamics of Orbital Domains in Manganite Print At the ALS, an international team of researchers has used low-energy coherent x rays to extract new knowledge about the correlated motion of groups of self-assembled, outer-lying electrons in the extremely complex electronic system found in manganites. The manganite family of materials has puzzled physicists for years by defying standard models for the motion of electrons in crystals. By controlling the properties of the incident x rays, the researchers were able to map the complexity of a "half-doped" manganite into a far-field speckle diffraction pattern to study the manganite's domain dynamics. Their results suggest the material undergoes a transition characterized by the competition between a pinned orbital domain topology that remains static and mobile domain boundaries that exhibit slow, temporal fluctuations.

138

Domain-independent information extraction in unstructured text  

SciTech Connect

Extracting information from unstructured text has become an important research area in recent years due to the large amount of text now electronically available. This status report describes the findings and work done during the second year of a two-year Laboratory Directed Research and Development Project. Building on the first-year`s work of identifying important entities, this report details techniques used to group words into semantic categories and to output templates containing selective document content. Using word profiles and category clustering derived during a training run, the time-consuming knowledge-building task can be avoided. Though the output still lacks in completeness when compared to systems with domain-specific knowledge bases, the results do look promising. The two approaches are compatible and could complement each other within the same system. Domain-independent approaches retain appeal as a system that adapts and learns will soon outpace a system with any amount of a priori knowledge.

Irwin, N.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Software Surety Dept.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Thick planar domain wall: its thin wall limit and dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a planar gravitating thick domain wall of the $\\lambda \\phi^4$ theory as a spacetime with finite thickness glued to two vacuum spacetimes on each side of it. Darmois junction conditions written on the boundaries of the thick wall with the embedding spacetimes reproduce the Israel junction condition across the wall in the limit of infinitesimal thickness. The thick planar domain wall located at a fixed position is then transformed to a new coordinate system in which its dynamics can be formulated. It is shown that the wall's core expands as if it were a thin wall. The thickness in the new coordinates is not constant anymore and its time dependence is given.

S. Ghassemi; S. Khakshournia; R. Mansouri

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

140

Matching customer requests to service offerings in real-time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Classic request-response Service-oriented architecture (SOA) has reached a level of maturity where SOA inspired extensions are enabling new and creative domains like the Internet of Things, real-time business or real-time Web. These new domains impose ... Keywords: SOA, complex event processing, mediation, nonfunctional properties, service selection

Marcel Tilly; Stephan Reiff-Marganiec

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Inferring evolutionary scenarios for protein domain compositions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Essential cellular processes are controlled by functional interactions of protein domains, which can be inferred from their evolutionary histories. Methods to reconstruct these histories are challenged by the complexity of reconstructing macroevolutionary ...

John Wiedenhoeft; Roland Krause; Oliver Eulenstein

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Indexing Flower Patent Images Using Domain Knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors describe a new approach to indexing a specialized database using the color and spatial domain knowledge available for the database. They illustrate their approach by using it to solve the problem of indexing flower images when searching a ...

Madirakshi Das; R. Manmatha; Edward M. Riseman

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Domain constants associated with Schwarzian derivative  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

we note that every Jordan domain is M6bius equivalent to a subdomain of H having 0 ... Since the boundary of f(A) is not a Jordan curve, S~A(A)-Ao(A). Thus (

144

Improving abstract interpretations by combining domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article considers static analysis based on abstract interpretation of logic programs over combined domains. It is known that analyses over combined domains provide more information potentially than obtained by the independent analyses. However, the construction of a combined analysis often requires redefining the basic operations for the combined domain. A practical ap-proach to maintain precision in combined analyses of logic programs which reuses the individual analyses and does not redefine the basic operations is illustrated, The advantages of the approach are that (1) proofs of correctness for the new domains are not required and (2) implementations can be reused. The approach is demonstrated by showing that a combined sharing analysis constructed from old proposals compares well with other new proposals suggested in recent

Michael Codish; Anne Mulkers; Maurice Bruynooghe; Maria Garcia De La Banda; Manuel Hermenegildo

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Program Verification Synthetic Domain Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 LFw r ) > 0 and if there exist 0 and t satisfying, NLE 1 t r t2 (3.7a) NLE 2 t2 + NLE 3 r, (3.7b) where NLE 1 , NLE 2 , NLE 3 are defined in the Appendix A. At every time tk, ¯wtk+1 is obtained-point implementations direct indefinite linear solvers are used to compute the search step. The accuracy of these steps

Streicher, Thomas

146

The Complexity of Description Logics with Concrete Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Concrete Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2.4.1 Unary Concrete Domains and ALCf Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 3 Reasoning with ALCF(D) 41 3.1 Concept Satis#12;ability: ALCF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 4.3 The Upper Bound

Baader, Franz

147

The Complexity of Description Logics with Concrete Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Concrete Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2.4.1 Unary Concrete Domains and ALCf Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 3 Reasoning with ALCF(D) 41 3.1 Concept Satisfiability: ALCF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 4.3 The Upper Bound

Baader, Franz

148

Structured hints : extracting and abstracting domain expertise.  

SciTech Connect

We propose a new framework for providing information to help optimize domain-specific application codes. Its design addresses problems that derive from the widening gap between the domain problem statement by domain experts and the architectural details of new and future high-end computing systems. The design is particularly well suited to program execution models that incorporate dynamic adaptive methodologies for live tuning of program performance and resource utilization. This new framework, which we call 'structured hints', couples a vocabulary of annotations to a suite of performance metrics. The immediate target is development of a process by which a domain expert describes characteristics of objects and methods in the application code that would not be readily apparent to the compiler; the domain expert provides further information about what quantities might provide the best indications of desirable effect; and the interactive preprocessor identifies potential opportunities for the domain expert to evaluate. Our development of these ideas is progressing in stages from case study, through manual implementation, to automatic or semi-automatic implementation. In this paper we discuss results from our case study, an examination of a large simulation of a neural network modeled after the neocortex.

Hereld, M.; Stevens, R.; Sterling, T.; Gao, G. R.; Mathematics and Computer Science; California Inst. of Tech.; Louisiana State Univ.; Univ. of Delaware

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

149

An operator splitting scheme with a distributed Lagrange multiplier based fictitious domain method for wave propagation problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a novel fictitious domain method based on a distributed Lagrange multiplier technique for the solution of the time-dependent problem of scattering by an obstacle. We study discretizations that include a fully conforming approach as well as ... Keywords: Fictitious domains, Mixed finite element methods, Operator splitting, Perfectly matched layer

Vrushali A. Bokil; Roland Glowinski

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Managing time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Professionals overwhelmed with information glut can find hope from new insights about time management.

Peter J. Denning

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

IN SITU NEUTRON REFLECTOMETRY FOR THE DIRECT ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... BATTERY SOLID ELECTROLYTE INTERPHASE. Steven C. DeCaluwe, Jeanette E. Owejan, Jon P. Owejan, Joseph A. Dura. Lithium-ion batteries ...

152

Thin Film X-Ray Reflectometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Spherical air bearing base for CDPBD. Second, the CDPBD has been reconstructed on a granite base, further enhancing structural stability for high ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

153

LANSCE | Lujan Center | Highlights | Neutron Reflectometry (NR...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Michael Nastasi, Yongqiang Wang, Michael J. Demkowicz, Jon K. Baldwin, Jaroslaw Majewski, Applied Physics Letters, 98, 241913 (2011). (Selected as a frontier research for the...

154

Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Domain-specific abstractions and compiler Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations Domain-specific abstractions and compiler transformations March 4, 2013 sadayappan Saday Sadayappan Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Ohio State University Recent trends in architecture are making multicore parallelism as well as heterogeneity ubiquitous. This creates significant chalenges to application developers as well as compiler implementations. Currently it is virtually impossible to achieve performance portability of high-performance applications, i.e., develop a single version of source code for an application that achieves high performance on different parallel computer platforms. Different implementations of compute intensive core functions are generally needed for different target platforms, e.g., for multicore

155

Thermodynamics of free Domain Wall fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studying various thermodynamic quantities for the free domain wall fermions for both finite and infinite fifth dimensional extent N_5, we find that the lattice corrections are minimum for $N_T\\geq10$ for both energy density and susceptibility, for its irrelevant parameter M in the range 1.45-1.50. The correction terms are, however, quite large for small lattice sizes of $N_T\\leq8$. We propose modifications of the domain wall operator, as well as the overlap operator, to reduce the finite cut-off effects to within 10% of the continuum results of the thermodynamic quantities for the currently used N_T=6-8 lattices. Incorporating chemical potential, we show that \\mu^2 divergences are absent for a large class of such domain wall fermion actions although the chiral symmetry is broken for $\\mu\

R. V. Gavai; Sayantan Sharma

2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

156

Entropic Time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formulation of quantum mechanics within the framework of entropic dynamics includes several new elements. In this paper we concentrate on one of them: the implications for the theory of time. Entropic time is introduced as a book-keeping device to keep track of the accumulation of changes. One new feature is that, unlike other concepts of time appearing in the so-called fundamental laws of physics, entropic time incorporates a natural distinction between past and future.

Caticha, Ariel [Department of Physics, University at Albany-SUNY, Albany, NY 12222 (United States)

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

157

Modeling the Interaction between Cumulus Convection and Linear Gravity Waves Using a Limited-Domain Cloud SystemResolving Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A limited-domain cloud systemresolving model (CSRM) is used to simulate the interaction between cumulus convection and two-dimensional linear gravity waves, a single horizontal wavenumber at a time. With a single horizontal wavenumber, soundings ...

Zhiming Kuang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Parallel computation for shallow water flow: a domain decomposition approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: additive Schwarz preconditioning, domain decomposition, finite elements, parallelization, shallow water

L. Paglieri; D. Ambrosi; L. Formaggia; A. Quarteroni; A. L. Scheinine

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Eminent Domain (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(Indiana) (Indiana) Eminent Domain (Indiana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Indiana Association of Cities and Towns Utilities, corporations, and gas storage facilities may invoke the law of eminent domain in certain circumstances, as provided for in this

160

Standing gravitational waves from domain walls  

SciTech Connect

We construct a plane symmetric, standing gravitational wave for a domain wall plus a massless scalar field. The scalar field can be associated with a fluid which has the properties of 'stiff' matter, i.e., matter in which the speed of sound equals the speed of light. Although domain walls are observationally ruled out in the present era, the solution has interesting features which might shed light on the character of exact nonlinear wave solutions to Einstein's equations. Additionally this solution may act as a template for higher dimensional 'brane-world' model standing waves.

Gogberashvili, Merab [Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, 6 Tamarashvili Street, Tbilisi 0177 (Georgia); Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, 3 Chavchavadze Avenue, Tbilisi 0128 (Georgia); California State University, Fresno, Physics Department, Fresno, California 93740-8031 (United States); Myrzakul, Shynaray [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Gumilev Eurasian National University, Astana, 010008 (Kazakhstan); California State University, Fresno, Physics Department, Fresno, California 93740-8031 (United States); Singleton, Douglas [California State University, Fresno, Physics Department, Fresno, California 93740-8031 (United States); Institute of Gravitation and Cosmology, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow 117198 (Russian Federation)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Assessment of current cybersecurity practices in the public domain : cyber indications and warnings domain.  

SciTech Connect

This report assesses current public domain cyber security practices with respect to cyber indications and warnings. It describes cybersecurity industry and government activities, including cybersecurity tools, methods, practices, and international and government-wide initiatives known to be impacting current practice. Of particular note are the U.S. Government's Trusted Internet Connection (TIC) and 'Einstein' programs, which are serving to consolidate the Government's internet access points and to provide some capability to monitor and mitigate cyber attacks. Next, this report catalogs activities undertaken by various industry and government entities. In addition, it assesses the benchmarks of HPC capability and other HPC attributes that may lend themselves to assist in the solution of this problem. This report draws few conclusions, as it is intended to assess current practice in preparation for future work, however, no explicit references to HPC usage for the purpose of analyzing cyber infrastructure in near-real-time were found in the current practice. This report and a related SAND2010-4766 National Cyber Defense High Performance Computing and Analysis: Concepts, Planning and Roadmap report are intended to provoke discussion throughout a broad audience about developing a cohesive HPC centric solution to wide-area cybersecurity problems.

Hamlet, Jason R.; Keliiaa, Curtis M.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Methods for indication of at least one subsurface barrier characteristic and methods of use  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A containment system for use adjacent to a selected region of a subterranean formation and comprising a plurality of laterally interlocked casing strings. At least one electrically conductive element is disposed along at least a portion of a casing string and is used for performing electrical time domain reflectometry. At least one protective element may be positioned between portions of adjacent casing strings of the barrier, and at least one electrically conductive element may be disposed at least partially within the at least one protective element for use in indicating at least one characteristic of at least a portion of the containment system. Electrical time domain reflectometry (TDR) may be used to indicate the at least one characteristic; for instance, TDR may be used to indicate leakage through the barrier or a discontinuity or void in a barrier filler material.

Richardson, John G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Nickelson, Reva A. (Shelley, ID); Sloan, Paul A. (Rigby, ID); Kostelnik, Kevin M. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

163

Adaptive mesh generation for curved domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers the technologies needed to support the creation of adaptively constructed meshes for general curved three-dimensional domains and outlines one set of solutions for providing them. A brief review of an effective way to integrate mesh ... Keywords: adaptive meshes, anisotropic meshes, curved meshes

Mark S. Shephard; Joseph E. Flaherty; Kenneth E. Jansen; Xiangrong Li; Xiaojuan Luo; Nicolas Chevaugeon; Jean-Franois Remacle; Mark W. Beall; Robert M. O'Bara

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Combinational domain encryption for still visual data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Image data has distinct regions of different importance. This property of image data has extensively been used to develop partial encryption techniques, but it is still unnoticed for total encryption. Providing similar security level to data of varied ... Keywords: Arnold cat map, Combinational domain, Edge detection, Net pixel change ratio, Statistical analysis

Nidhi Taneja; Balasubramanian Raman; Indra Gupta

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Learning conjunctive concepts in structural domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of learning conjunctive concepts from examples on structural domains like the blocks world. nus class of concepts is formally defined and it is shown that even for samples in which each example (positive or negative) is a two-object ...

David Haussler

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Diversification for multi-domain result sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-domain search answers to queries spanning multiple entities, like "Find a hotel in Milan close to a concert venue, a museum and a good restaurant", by producing ranked sets of entity combinations that maximize relevance, measured by a function ...

Alessandro Bozzon; Marco Brambilla; Piero Fraternali; Marco Tagliasacchi

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Spectral Domain Boundaries in Cellular Automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Let A^{Z^D} be the Cantor space of Z^D-indexed configurations in a finite alphabet A, and let ? be the Z^D-action of shifts on A^{Z^D}. A cellular automaton is a continuous, ?-commuting self-map ? of A^{Z^D}, and a ?-invariant ... Keywords: Cellular automaton, defect, domain boundary, kink, subshift

Marcus Pivato

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Nucleic acids encoding a cellulose binding domain  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 15 figs.

Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

1996-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

169

Analysis of interrogatives in different domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this work is twofold: to quantify the distinct interrogative types in different domains for European Portuguese, and to discuss the weight of the linguistic features that best describe these structures, in order to model interrogatives in ... Keywords: interrogatives, prosody, punctuation

Helena Moniz; Fernando Batista; Isabel Trancoso; Ana Isabel Mata

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Nucleic acids encoding a cellulose binding domain  

SciTech Connect

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

TIMING APPARATUS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The timing device comprises an escapement wheel and pallet, a spring drive to rotate the escapement wheel to a zero position, means to wind the pretensioned spring proportional to the desired signal time, and a cam mechanism to control an electrical signal switch by energizing the switch when the spring has been wound to the desired position, and deenergizing it when it reaches the zero position. This device produces an accurately timed signal variably witain the control of the operator.

Bennett, A.E.; Geisow, J.C.H.

1956-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

172

Analysis of time response of lossy multiconductor transmission line networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Systems are considered consisting of an arbitrary number of multiconductor transmission lines joined and terminated by arbitrary linear networks. The fines are assumed to be Iossy, with frequency-dependent parameters. The system is analyzed in the frequency domain, and the inverse Fourier transform is used to obtain tbe time-domain response.

Antonije R. Djordjevic; Tapan; K. Sarkar; Senior Member

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A Uniform SpaceTime Gridding Algorithm for Comparison of Satellite Data Products: Characterization and Sensitivity Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To overcome the complexities associated with combining or comparing multisensor data, a statistical gridding algorithm is introduced for projecting data from their unique instrument domain to a uniform spacetime domain. The algorithm has two ...

Nadia Smith; W. Paul Menzel; Elisabeth Weisz; Andrew K. Heidinger; Bryan A. Baum

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

RELATING TIME SERIES IN DATA TO SPATIAL VARIATION IN THE RESERVOIR USING WAVELETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regression in the wavelet domains of both time and space. Wavelet transforms have the ability to reveal important events in time signals or spatial images. Thus we transformed both the model space and the time a subset of wavelet coefficients from each of the transformed domains. These subsets were used subsequently

175

Quantum Fusion of Domain Walls with Fluxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study how fluxes on the domain wall world volume modify quantum fusion of two distant parallel domain walls into a composite wall. The elementary wall fluxes can be separated into parallel and antiparallel components. The parallel component affects neither the binding energy nor the process of quantum merger. The antiparallel fluxes, instead, increase the binding energy and, against naive expectations, suppress quantum fusion. In the small flux limit we explicitly find the bounce solution and the fusion rate as a function of the flux. We argue that at large (antiparallel) fluxes there exists a critical value of the flux (versus the difference in the wall tensions), which switches off quantum fusion altogether. This phenomenon of flux-related wall stabilization is rather peculiar: it is unrelated to any conserved quantity. Our consideration of the flux-related all stabilization is based on substantiated arguments that fall short of complete proof.

S. Bolognesi; M. Shifman; M. B. Voloshin

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

176

Reasoning with Concrete Domains Carsten Lutz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and fea­ ture disagreement. This leads to the new logic ALCF(D), which combines ALC(D) with the logic ALCF problems for the logic ALCF(D) are given. Furthermore, the complexity of rea­ soning with ALCF(D) is formally analyzed. Since reason­ ing with ALCF(D) involves a satisfiability check for the concrete domain

Baader, Franz

177

HYDRATE DISSOCIATION IN A 1-D DOMAIN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HYDRATE DISSOCIATION IN A 1-D DOMAIN HYDRATE DISSOCIATION IN A 1-D DOMAIN I. Domain Description 1-D Cartesian system, L x W x H = 1.5 m x 1.0 m x 1.0 m Discretization: 30 x 1 x 1 in (x,y,z) Uniform Δx = 0.05 m each; Δy = Δz = 1 m II. Initial Conditions Pressure: P i = 8 MPa Temperature: T i = 2 o C (for thermal stimulation), T i = 6 o C (for depressurization) Saturations: S H = 0.5, S A = 0.5, S G = 0.0 III. Boundary Conditions At x = X max : No mass or heat flow At x = 0: Constant S A = 1.0 (1) Constant P 0 = P i Constant T 0 = 45 o C Thermal stimulation (2) Constant T 0 = T i = 6 o C Constant P 0 = 2.8 MPa Depressurization to a pressure above the Q-point, no ice formation (3) Constant T 0 = T i = 6 o C Constant P 0 = 0.5 MPa Depressurization to a pressure below the Q-point,

178

The Cubic-Spline Transform Method: Basic Definitions and Tests in a 1D Single Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the paper is to describe the technical details of a numerical method that combines the cubic-spline representation of spatial variables in a finite domain with the logistics of the spectral transform method for the time integration ...

Katsuyuki V. Ooyama

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Open-domain commonsense reasoning using discourse relations from a corpus of weblog stories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a method of extracting open-domain commonsense knowledge by applying discourse parsing to a large corpus of personal stories written by Internet authors. We demonstrate the use of a linear-time, joint syntax/discourse dependency parser for ...

Matt Gerber; Andrew S. Gordon; Kenji Sagae

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

A Cartesian grid embedded boundary method for the heat equation on irregular domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Cartesian Grid Embedded Boundary Method for the Heatheat equation on irregular time-dependent domains. It is based on the Cartesian gridHEAT EQUATION FOR FIXED BOUNDARIES Spatial discretization The underlying discretization of space is given by rectangular control volumes on a Cartesian grid:

McCorquodale, Peter; Colella, Phillip; Johansen, Hans

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A Few Graph-Based Relational Numerical Abstract Domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents the systematic design of a class of relational numerical abstract domains from non-relational ones. Constructed domains represent sets of invariants of the form (vj - vi C), where vj ...

Antoine Min

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Smart Grid Conceptual Actors/Data Flow Diagram- Cross Domain...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Grid Conceptual ActorsData Flow Diagram- Cross Domain Network Focued- Open SGSG-Network TF Smart Grid Conceptual ActorsData Flow Diagram- Cross Domain Network Focued- Open...

183

Cooperative Dynamics of a 'Conjugated' Domain Wall in Giant ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Cooperative Dynamics of a 'Conjugated' Domain Wall in Giant ... Appropriately designed, such a superstructure can cooperatively move...

184

Digestion time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Digestion time Digestion time Name: Don Mancosh Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I have always given the rule of thumb in class that material we eat is with us for about 24 hours before exiting the body. The question arises about the time value of liquids. Getting a big coke prior to a 3 hour drive generally means that there will be a stop along the way. Is there a generalization made about liquids in the body similar to the one for solid food? Replies: A physician would give a better answer, but I hazard this: the only liquids which people consume (deliberately) in significant quantities are water, ethyl alcohol and various oils. Water and alcohol are absorbed on a time scale of seconds to minutes through the mouth, stomach and digestive tract. The oils are huge molecules, so I'd guess like any other greasy food they get absorbed in the upper digestive tract. Some of them, perhaps the longest and most nonpolar, are not absorbed at all --- cf. the old-time remedy of mineral oil for constipation --- so there should be some average time-before-what's-left-is-excreted such as you're looking for, and my (wild) guess is that it would not differ substantially from that for food. You can define an average lifetime in the body for alcohol, since the natural level is zero. Rough guidelines are widespread in the context of drunk driving laws. But this is not really possible for water. One's body is normally full up to the brim with water, and there's no way for the body to distinguish between water molecules recently absorbed and molecules that've been moping around since the Beatles split up. Thus the water entering the toilet bowl after the pit stop is not in general the same water as was in the big coke. If you were to consider for water just the average time between drinking and peeing, it would seem to depend strongly on how well hydrated the body was before the drink, and how much was drunk. During sustained heavy exertion in the sun and dry air one can easily drink a pint of water an hour without peeing at all. On the other hand, if one is willing to drink enough water fast enough, so as to establish a high excess of body water one can pee 8 ounces 15 minutes or less after drinking 8 ounces.

185

Numerical study of domain coarsening in anisotropic stripe patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the coarsening of two-dimensional smectic polycrystals characterized by grains of oblique stripes with only two possible orientations. For this purpose, an anisotropic Swift-Hohenberg equation is solved. For quenches close enough to the onset of stripe formation, the average domain size increases with time as $t^{1/2}$. Further from onset, anisotropic pinning forces similar to Peierls stresses in solid crystals slow down defects, and growth becomes anisotropic. In a wide range of quench depths, dislocation arrays remain mobile and dislocation density roughly decays as $t^{-1/3}$, while chevron boundaries are totally pinned. We discuss some agreements and disagreements found with recent experimental results on the coarsening of anisotropic electroconvection patterns.

Denis Boyer

2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

186

Chaotic dynamics of electric-field domains in periodically driven superlattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-sustained time-dependent current oscillations under dc voltage bias have been observed in recent experiments on n-doped semiconductor superlattices with sequential resonant tunneling. The current oscillations are caused by the motion and recycling of the domain wall separating low- and high-electric- field regions of the superlattice, as the analysis of a discrete drift model shows and experimental evidence supports. Numerical simulation shows that different nonlinear dynamical regimes of the domain wall appear when an external microwave signal is superimposed on the dc bias and its driving frequency and driving amplitude vary. On the frequency - amplitude parameter plane, there are regions of entrainment and quasiperiodicity forming Arnol'd tongues. Chaos is demonstrated to appear at the boundaries of the tongues and in the regions where they overlap. Coexistence of up to four electric-field domains randomly nucleated in space is detected under ac+dc driving.

O. M. Bulashenko; M. J. Garcia; L. L. Bonilla

1995-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

187

User`s guide for the frequency domain algorithms in the LIFE2 fatigue analysis code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The LIFE2 computer code is a fatigue/fracture analysis code that is specialized to the analysis of wind turbine components. The numerical formulation of the code uses a series of cycle count matrices to describe the cyclic stress states imposed upon the turbine. However, many structural analysis techniques yield frequency-domain stress spectra and a large body of experimental loads (stress) data is reported in the frequency domain. To permit the analysis of this class of data, a Fourier analysis is used to transform a frequency-domain spectrum to an equivalent time series suitable for rainflow counting by other modules in the code. This paper describes the algorithms incorporated into the code and their numerical implementation. Example problems are used to illustrate typical inputs and outputs.

Sutherland, H.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Linker, R.L. [New Mexico Engineering Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Convergence analysis of a balalncing domain decomposition method for solving interior Helmholtz equations  

SciTech Connect

A variant of balancing domain decomposition method by constraints (BDDC) is proposed for solving a class of indefinite system of linear equations, which arises from the finite element discretization of the Helmholtz equation of time-harmonic wave propagation in a bounded interior domain. The proposed BDDC algorithm is closely related to the dual-primal finite element tearing and interconnecting algorithm for solving Helmholtz equations (FETI-DPH). Under the condition that the diameters of the subdomains are small enough, the rate of convergence is established which depends polylogarithmically on the dimension of the individual subdomain problems and which improves with the decrease of the subdomain diameters. These results are supported by numerical experiments of solving a Helmholtz equation on a two-dimensional square domain.

Li,Jing; Tu, Xuemin

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

189

Communicating oscillatory networks: Frequency Domain Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-deterministic models and used the presented techni- que of frequency domain analysis to investigate the differ- ences. The quasi-deterministic models are constructed from exactly the same reaction scheme and kinetic para- meters, however the kinetic functions... significant role in our findings. Note in particular from Additional file 1 Table S4 that the two species that directly perturb the cell cycle (namely p53a and NF-#1;Bn) have low stochasticity, so any noise inherent in their respective net- works does...

Ihekwaba, Adaoha E C; Sedwards, Sean

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

190

Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures serve to protect Georgia's natural and environmental resources by requiring permits be issued by the Director of the Environmental Protection Division prior to any petroleum or petroleum product pipe company acquiring property or interests by eminent domain. Monitoring conditions will be issued with

191

CORRTEX Diagnostic Deployment for the SPE-III experiment, 24 July 2012: Fielding Report and Preliminary Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Continuous Reflectometry for Radius vs Time Experiments (CORRTEX) diagnostic system was deployed for the third explosives test in the Source Physics Experiment (SPE) sequence to monitor and verify several conditions of the experiment including the detonation velocity of the explosive package and functioning of explosive initiators. Six distance-marked coaxial cables were installed on the SPE-III explosives canister, and key locations documented through along-cable length measurements and photography. CORRTEX uses electrical-pulse time-domain reflectometry to continuously record the two-way transit time (TWTT) of the cables. As the shock front of the detonation advances, the coaxial cable is shorted or destroyed, and the resulting TWTT also decreases. Interpretation of these changes as a function of TWTT can be converted to positional measurements using known parameters of the cables.

Sandoval, Thomas D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schultz-Fellenz, Emily S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

192

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Wednesday, 29 July 2009 00:00 Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

193

Using Non-Government Domain Names | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Non-Government Domain Names Using Non-Government Domain Names Using Non-Government Domain Names There may be occasion where it is necessary to utilize a non-government domain. The OMB Policies for Federal Agency Public Websites states: Your agency must use only .gov, .mil, or Fed.us domains unless the agency head explicitly determines another domain is necessary for the proper performance of an agency function. This requirement recognizes the proper performance of agency functions includes an obligation for clear and unambiguous public notification of the agency's involvement in or sponsorship of its information dissemination products including public websites. It also recognizes in certain limited circumstances other domains may be necessary for the proper performance of an agency function.

194

Study of ferroelectric domain switching by domain wall induced light scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of an unipolarity in a polydomain ther- mally de-poled SBN crystal is supported by electrical measurements.8 We now- der repolarizing fields the crystal becomes depoled, the de- gree of depoling increasing, partially depoled by +E pulses, is now restored to its single-domain state. We mention that in a single

Osnabrück, Universität

195

Time Brightness  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Perlmutter, et al., in Thermonuclear Supernovae, NATO ASI, v. 486 (1997) Perlmutter, et al., in Thermonuclear Supernovae, NATO ASI, v. 486 (1997) Cosmology from . . . Time Brightness ... . . . 50-100 Fields Lunar Calendar Scheduled Follow-Up Imaging at Hubble, Cerro Tololo, WIYN, Isaac Newton Scheduled Follow-Up Spectroscopy at Keck Almost 1000 Galaxies per Field RESULT: ~24 Type Ia supernovae discovered while still brightening, at new moon Berkeley Lab Keck WIYN Cerro Tololo Isaac Newton Hubble Strategy We developed a strategy to guarantee a group of supernova discoveries on a certain date. Just after a new moon, we observe some 50 to 100 high-galactic lattitute fields-each containing almost a thousand high-redshift galaxies-in two nights on the Cerro Tololo 4-meter telescope with Tyson & Bernstein's wide-field camera. We return three weeks later to observe the same

196

Boundary Conditions of the Hydro-Cascade Model and Relativistic Kinetic Equations for Finite Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of the coupled relativistic kinetic equations for two domains separated by a hypersurface having both space- and time-like parts is presented. Integrating the derived set of transport equations, we obtain the correct system of the hydro+cascade equations to model the relativistic nuclear collision process. Remarkably, the conservation laws on the boundary between domains conserve separately both the incoming and outgoing components of energy, momentum and baryonic charge. Thus, the relativistic kinetic theory generates twice the number of conservation laws compared to traditional hydrodynamics. Our analysis shows that these boundary conditions between domains, the three flux discontinuity, can be satisfied only by a special superposition of two cut-off distribution functions for the ``out'' domain. All these results are applied to the case of the phase transition between quark gluon plasma and hadronic matter. The possible consequences for an improved hydro+cascade description of the relativistic nuclear collisions are discussed. The unique properties of the three flux discontinuity and their effect on the space-time evolution of the transverse expansion are also analyzed. The possible modifications of both transversal radii from pion correlations generated by a correct hydro+cascade approach are discussed.

K. A. Bugaev

2004-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

197

SO(10) domain-wall brane models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct domain-wall brane models based on the grand-unification group SO(10), generalising the SU(5) model of Davies, George and Volkas. Motivated by the Dvali-Shifman proposal for the dynamical localisation of gauge bosons, the SO(10) symmetry is spontaneously broken inside the wall. We present two scenarios: in the first, the unbroken subgroup inside the wall is SU(5) x U(1)X, and in the second it is the left-right symmetry group SU(3) x SU(2)L x SU(2)R x U(1)B-L. In both cases we demonstrate that the phenomenologically-correct fermion zero modes can be localised to the wall, and we briefly discuss how the symmetry-breaking dynamics may be extended to induce breaking to the standard model group with subsequent electroweak breaking. Dynamically localised gravity is realised through the type 2 Randall-Sundrum mechanism.

Jayne E. Thompson; Raymond R. Volkas

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

198

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

199

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

200

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

202

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Stochastic Domain-Wall Depinning in Magnetic Nanowires Print Reliably controlling the motion of magnetic domain walls along magnetic nanowires is a key requirement for current technological development of novel classes of logic and storage devices, but understanding the nature of non-deterministic domain-wall motion remains a scientific challenge. A statistical analysis of high-resolution magnetic soft x-ray microscopy images by a Berkeley Lab-University of Hamburg group has now revealed that the stochastic behavior of the domain-wall depinning field in notch-patterned Ni80Fe20 (permalloy) nanowires depends strongly on the wire width and the notch depth. This result both provides valuable insight into the motion of magnetic-domain walls and opens a path to further technological developments in spintronics applications.

203

Quantum Fusion of Strings (Flux Tubes) and Domain Walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider formation of composite strings and domain walls as a result of fusion of two elementary objects (elementary strings in the first case and elementary walls in the second) located at a distance from each other. The tension of the composite object T_2 is assumed to be less than twice the tension of the elementary object T_1, so that bound states are possible. If in the initial state the distance d between the fusing strings or walls is much larger than their thickness and satisfies the conditions T_1 d^2 >> 1 (in the string case) and T_1 d^3 >> 1 (in the wall case), the problem can be fully solved quasiclassically. The fusion probability is determined by the first, "under the barrier" stage of the process. We find the bounce configuration and its extremal action S_B. In the wall problem e^{-S_B} gives the fusion probability per unit time per unit area. In the string case, due to a logarithmic infrared divergence, the problem is well formulated only for finite-length strings. The fusion probability per unit time can be found in the limit in which the string length is much larger than the distance between two merging strings.

S. Bolognesi; M. Shifman; M. B. Voloshin

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

204

High-resolution retinal imaging using adaptive optics and Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention permits retinal images to be acquired at high speed and with unprecedented resolution in three dimensions (4.times.4.times.6 .mu.m). The instrument achieves high lateral resolution by using adaptive optics to correct optical aberrations of the human eye in real time. High axial resolution and high speed are made possible by the use of Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography. Using this system, we have demonstrated the ability to image microscopic blood vessels and the cone photoreceptor mosaic.

Olivier, Scot S. (Livermore, CA); Werner, John S. (Davis, CA); Zawadzki, Robert J. (Sacramento, CA); Laut, Sophie P. (Pasedena, CA); Jones, Steven M. (Livermore, CA)

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

205

Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition and Nanoscale Size Distribution Explains Performance in Solar Cells Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of...

206

Applying pomdps to dialog systems in the troubleshooting domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports on progress applying partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) to a commercial dialog domain: troubleshooting. In the troubleshooting domain, a spoken dialog system helps a user to fix a product such as a failed DSL connection. Past work has argued that a POMDP is a principled approach to building spoken dialog systems in the simpler slot-filling domain; this paper explains how the POMDPs formulation can be extended to the more complex troubleshooting domain. Results from dialog simulation verify that a POMDP outperforms a handcrafted baseline. 1

Jason D. Williams

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

208

The domain structure of Helicobacter pylori DnaB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

helicase: the N-terminal domain can be dispensable for helicase activity whereas the extreme C-terminal region is essential for its function

Ram Gopal Nitharwal; Subhankar Paul; Ashraf Dar; Nirupam Roy Choudhury; Rajesh K Soni; Dhaneswar Prusty; Sukrat Sinha; Tara Kashav; Gauranga Mukhopadhyay; Tapan Kumar Chaudhuri; Samudrala Gourinath; Suman Kumar Dhar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Charged Domain Walls in Ferroelectrics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Monday, February 4, 2013 11:00 am Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Charged Domain Walls in Ferroelectrics Alexander K. Tagantsev Ceramics Laboratory, Swiss Federal Institute of...

210

Jamming Behavior of Domains in a Spiral Antiferromagnetic System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spectroscopy, this research shows that the domains of a spiral antiferromagnet enter a jammed state at the onset of long-range order. Researchers found that slow thermal...

211

Time Domain Interference Cancellation for Cognitive Radios and Future Wireless Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is an excessive OTA voltage gain requirement. Since thevoltage. In this modified circuit, the high gain requirement

Yang, Jing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Application of FPGA technology to accelerate the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The continuing advances in the field of electrical engineering, in areas like cellular communications, fiber optics, mobile and multi-gigahertz electronics have necessitated a computer-assisted design approach to the complex electromagnetic interactions ...

Ryan N. Schneider; Laurence E. Turner; Michal M. Okoniewski

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Acoustic And Elastic Reverse-Time Migration: Novel Angle-Domain Imaging Conditions And Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2. (a)- (c) are from shale/gas interfaces, (d)-(f) shale/oilm s ? V S ? m s ? ? kg m 3 Shale Gas Oil Brine ACQUISITIONare gas, oil and brine. The reflections from shale, which

Yan, Rui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Micron-Scale Measurements of Heat Capacity by Time-Domain ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Micron-Scale Measurements of Heat Capacity by ... is developed for localized measurement of specific heat capacity with a spatial resolution...

215

Time-domain approach to energy efficiency in high-performance network element design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy efficiency is a corner stone of sustainability in data center and high-performance networking. However, at present there is a notable structural mismatch between network silicon development targets and network equipment utilization patterns in the field. In particular, some aspects of network energy utilization (eg load-proportional energy consumption) routinely stay out of focus during system design and implementation. Drawing from hands-on research and development in high-speed and grid networking, we identify a novel approach to energy efficiency in network engineering. In this paper, we demonstrate how the problem of efficient network system design can be dissected into smaller sections based on timescales of traffic processing. The newly proposed approach allows R&D efforts to be tightly paired to resources and sustainability targets to improve energy efficiency in many classes of network and telecom devices.

Kharitonov, Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Free-Space Time-Domain Method for Measuring Thin Film Dielectric Properties  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A non-contact method for determining the index of refraction or dielectric constant of a thin film on a substrate at a desired frequency in the GHz to THz range having a corresponding wavelength larger than the thickness of the thin film (which may be only a few microns). The method comprises impinging the desired-frequency beam in free space upon the thin film on the substrate and measuring the measured phase change and the measured field reflectance from the reflected beam for a plurality of incident angles over a range of angles that includes the Brewster's angle for the thin film. The index of refraction for the thin film is determined by applying Fresnel equations to iteratively calculate a calculated phase change and a calculated field reflectance at each of the plurality of incident angles, and selecting the index of refraction that provides the best mathematical curve fit with both the dataset of measured phase changes and the dataset of measured field reflectances for each incident angle. The dielectric constant for the thin film can be calculated as the index of refraction squared.

Li, Ming; Zhang, Xi-Cheng; Cho, Gyu Cheon

2000-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

217

A Selective Survey of the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the U.S. EPA eGrid database [12], and appropriate regional fuel prices as in [13], we construct a pure economic dispatch. We use average CO2 equivalent emissions data from the eGrid database.S. Environmental Protection Agency eGRID Emissions & Generation Resource Integrated Database, eGRID2006 Version 1

Schneider, John B.

218

Underdetermined blind separation of speech signals with delays in different time-frequency domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to the problem of speech signal separation from a set of observables, when the mixing system is underdetermined and static with unknown delays. The approaches appeared in the literature so far have shown that algorithms based on ...

Alessandro Bastari; Stefano Squartini; Francesco Piazza

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Wind Power Plants and System Operation in the Hourly Time Domain: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Because wind is an intermittent power source, the variability may have significant impacts on system operation. Part of the difficulty of analyzing the load following impact of wind is the inadequacy of most modeling frameworks to accurately treat wind plants and the difficulty of untangling causal impacts of wind plants from other dynamic phenomena. This paper presents a simple analysis of an hourly load-following requirement that can be performed without extensive computer modeling. The approach is therefore useful as a first step to quantifying these impacts when extensive modeling and data sets are not available. The variability that wind plants add to the electricity supply must be analyzed in the context of overall system variability. The approach used in this paper does just that. The results show that wind plants do have an impact on load following, but when calculated as a percentage of the installed wind plant capacity, this impact is not large. Another issue is the extent to which wind forecast errors add to imbalance. The relative statistical independence of wind forecast errors and load forecast errors can be used to help quantify the extent to which wind forecast errors impact overall system imbalances.

Milligan, M.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Time domain equalizer design using bit error rate minimization for UWB systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultra-wideband (UWB) communication systems occupy huge bandwidths with very low power spectral densities. This feature makes the UWB channels highly rich in resolvable multipaths. To exploit the temporal diversity, the receiver is commonly implemented ...

Syed Imtiaz Husain; Jinhong Yuan; Jian Zhang; R. K. Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Time and Frequency Domain CCD-Based Thermoreflectance Techniques for High-Resolution Transient Thermal Imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is in the order of 10-4/K. A blue or green light emitting diode (LED) uniformly illuminates the DUT under

222

Atmospheric Energetics in the Wavelet Domain. Part II: Time-Averaged Observed Atmospheric Blocking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wavelet energetics (WE) is a useful generalization of traditional wavenumber energetics, for analyzing atmospheric dynamics. WE is doubly indexed by wavenumber band j and location k. The interpretation is that 2 to the jth power is proportional ...

Aim Fournier

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Domain-wall oscillations studies by time-resolved soft x-ray mircorscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the Director, Office of Science, of the U.S. DepartmentThis work was supported by the Director, Office of Science,Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of

Bocklage, L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Time domain 3D finite element modelling of train-induced vibration at high speed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to investigate a 3D finite element (FE) coupled train-track model for the numerical modelling of the ground induced vibration due to the passage of a single high speed train locomotive. The track components such as the sleepers, ... Keywords: Finite elements, Ground vibration, High-speed, Mach cone, Railways

A. El Kacimi; P. K. Woodward; O. Laghrouche; G. Medero

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Estimation of Seismic Load Demand for a Wind Turbine in the Time Domain: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Turbines installed in seismically active regions such as the Pacific Rim or the Mediterranean must consider loads induced by base shaking from an earthquake. To account for this earthquake risk, current International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) certification requirements provide a simplified method for calculating seismic loads which is intended to be conservative. Through the addition of capabilities, it is now possible to simulate earthquake loading of a wind turbine in conjunction other load sources such as wind and control system behavior using the FAST code. This paper presents a comparison of three earthquake loading scenarios of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) offshore 5-MW baseline wind turbine: idling; continued operation through an earthquake; and an emergency shutdown initiated by an earthquake. Using a set of 22 earthquake records, simulations are conducted for each load case. A summary of the resulting tower moment demand is presented to assess the influence of operational state on the resulting structural demand.

Prowell, I.; Elgamal, A.; Uang, C.; Jonkman, J.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

A domain of spacetime intervals in general relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beginning from only a countable dense set of events and the causality relation, it is possible to reconstruct a globally hyperbolic spacetime in a purely order theoretic manner. The ultimate reason for this is that globally hyperbolic spacetimes belong to a category that is equivalent to a special category of domains called interval domains.

Keye Martin; Prakash Panangaden

2004-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

227

Domain analysis on an electronic health records system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electronic Health Records (EHR) have been proposed as a means for managing the technical and organisational complexity that arises in modern healthcare. Different EHR systems are being developed around the world, and within individual countries, different ... Keywords: electronic health record, feature oriented domain analysis, healthcare domain

Xiaocheng Ge; Richard F. Paige; John A. McDermid

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Frequency-domain constructed redundant bases for denoising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, redundant bases for denoising are constructed completely in the frequency-domain. The advantage of the frequency-domain bases construction approach is that it provides much more flexibility. As a result, the filterbank (basis) can be constructed ... Keywords: denoising, redundant basis, wavelet frames, wavelets

Jianyu Lin; Graham C. Goodwin

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Domain decomposition strategies for nonlinear flow problems in porous media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Domain decomposition (DD) methods, such as the additive Schwarz method, are almost exclusively applied to linearized equations. In the context of nonlinear problems, these linear systems appear as part of a Newton iteration. However, applying DD methods ... Keywords: ASPIN, Domain decomposition, Nonlinear multiphase flow, Nonlinear preconditioning, Nonlinear solvers, Porous media

Jan Ole Skogestad; Eirik Keilegavlen; Jan M. Nordbotten

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

A debug interface for debugging multiple domain specific aspect languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research in the area of multi-DSAL development has been mainly devoted to enabling the interoperability of multiple aspect mechanisms. Less attention has been given to making programming with multiple aspect languages practical. For domain specific aspect ... Keywords: AspectJ, aspect-oriented programming (AOP), aspect-oriented software engineering (AOSE), awesome, cool, debugging, domain specific languages (DSLs), validate

Yoav Apter; David H. Lorenz; Oren Mishali

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Nodal domains on graphs - How to count them and why?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of the present manuscript is to collect known results and present some new ones relating to nodal domains on graphs, with special emphasize on nodal counts. Several methods for counting nodal domains will be presented, and their relevance as a tool in spectral analysis will be discussed.

Ram Band; Idan Oren; Uzy Smilansky

2007-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

232

Nodal domains on graphs - How to count them and why?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of the present manuscript is to collect known results and present some new ones relating to nodal domains on graphs, with special emphasize on nodal counts. Several methods for counting nodal domains will be presented, and their relevance as a tool in spectral analysis will be discussed.

Band, Ram; Smilansky, Uzy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

One-Way Nested Regional Climate Simulations and Domain Size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of domain size on regional climate simulations is explored in the context of a state-of-the-art regional model centered over western Europe. It is found that the quality of the climate simulations is highly dependent on the domain ...

S. Vannitsem; F. Chom

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

HLP: a next generation inter-domain routing protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well-known that BGP, the current inter-domain routing protocol, has many deficiencies. This paper describes a hybrid link-state and path-vector protocol called HLP as an alternative to BGP that has vastly better scalability, isolation and convergence ... Keywords: BGP, convergence, inter-domain routing, scalability

Lakshminarayanan Subramanian; Matthew Caesar; Cheng Tien Ee; Mark Handley; Morley Mao; Scott Shenker; Ion Stoica

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Identification of signatures in biomedical spectra using domain knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objective: Demonstrate that incorporating domain knowledge into feature selection methods helps identify interpretable features with predictive capability comparable to a state-of-the-art classifier. Methods: Two feature selection methods, one using ... Keywords: Classification of biomedical spectra, Consensus feature sets, Dimensionality reduction, Domain knowledge, Feature selection, Genetic algorithm, L1-norm SVM, Spectral signature

Erinija Pranckeviciene; Ray Somorjai; Richard Baumgartner; Moon-Gu Jeon

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Semantic data integration and monitoring in the railway domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information integration is a key for further growth of efficiency in management decisions for the railway domain. In the context of the EU project InteGRail (funded in the 6th Framework Programme) an integration approach leveraged by ontologies known ... Keywords: data and system integration, distributed reasoning, information reuse, monitoring and maintenance, ontology, railway domain, semantic modeling

Jan-Gregor Fischer; Mikhail Roshchin; Gerhard Langer; Michael Pirker

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Decision support for the software product line domain engineering lifecycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software product line engineering is a paradigm that advocates the reusability of software engineering assets and the rapid development of new applications for a target domain. These objectives are achieved by capturing the commonalities and variabilities ... Keywords: Domain engineering, Feature models, NLP model inference, Software product lines

Ebrahim Bagheri; Faezeh Ensan; Dragan Gasevic

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Reducing the beta-shift in domain wall fermion simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The beta-shift induced from dynamical domain wall quarks leads to increased roughness of the gauge field, thus reversing the effect of smoothing from the gauge action improvement. By exploiting the relation of overlap and domain wall fermions in greater detail,we propose an algorithm which reduces the beta-shift to the level of dynamical overlap fermions.

Alban Allkoci; Artan Borici

2006-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

239

Using domain-independent problems for introducing formal methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The key to the integration of formal methods into engineering practice is education. In teaching, domain-independent problems i.e., not requiring prior engineering background offer many advantages. Such problems are widely available, but ... Keywords: domain-independent problems, formal methods, functional predicate calculus, funmath, generic functionals, specification, teaching, word problems

Raymond Boute

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Face recognition in JPEG and JPEG2000 compressed domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the potential of performing face recognition in JPEG and JPEG2000 compressed domain. This is achieved by avoiding full decompression and using transform coefficients as input to face recognition algorithms. We propose a new ... Keywords: Compressed Domain, DCT, DWT, Face Recognition, JPEG, JPEG2000

Kresimir Delac; Mislav Grgic; Sonja Grgic

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Important Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the subject-specific terms to enter in a query. For example, many university students often buy electronicImportant Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge Suresh K. Bhavnani School Many users have acquired a sophisticated understanding of searching the Web in specific domains

Bhavnani, Suresh K.

242

Scholarly research and information practices: a domain analytic approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with information needs, seeking, searching, and uses within scholarly communities by introducing theory from the field of science and technology studies. In particular it contributes to the domain-analytic approach in information science ... Keywords: Computer-mediated communication, Domain-analysis, Information practices, Scientific collaboration, Scientific communication, Writing in the disciplines

J. Fry

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area (Montgomery, Et Al., 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics At Salt Wells Area (Montgomery, Et Al., 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Salt Wells Area Exploration Technique Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Activity Date 2004 - 2004 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis AMP Resource contracted Willowstick Technologies, LLC to conduct a Controlled Source-Frequency Domain Magnetics (CS-FDM) geophysical investigation at Salt Wells in order to characterize and delineate areas showing the greatest concentrations and highest temperatures of geothermal groundwater. The investigation also sought to map blind faults beneath the

244

Stripe Domain-Structures in a Thin Ferromagnetic Film  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a theory of the stripe domain structure in a thin ferromagnetic film with single-ion easy-axis magnetic anisotropy and long-range dipole interactions, for a wide range of temperatures and applied magnetic field. The domains exist at temperatures below the reorientational phase transition from out-of-plane to in-plane magnetization. The system of stripes can be described as a liquid crystal with a preferred domain-wall orientation. The positional order is destroyed by both thermodynamical meandering of domain walls and by the proliferation of dislocations. Spatial anisotropy generated by the fourth-order exchange energy stabilizes the stripe domain structure and pins its orientation. For any temperature below the reorientational phase transition there exists a critical perpendicular-to-plane magnetic field, which separates multidomain and monodomain states of the film. The theory explains recent experimental observations.

KASHUBA, AB; Pokrovsky, Valery L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Definition: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Magnetics Frequency-Domain Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics AquaTrackTM, a controlled-source frequency domain magnetics tool (CS-FDM), is a patented invention by Willowstick Technologies. This technique is meant to characterize groundwater conditions and flow patterns up to 1,000 m depth.[1] References ↑ http://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/pdf/IGAstandard/SGW/2006/kofoed.pdf Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Controlled_Source_Frequency-Domain_Magnetics&oldid=590084" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

246

Streams, Stream Transformers and Domain Representations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract. We present a general theory for the computation of stream transformers of the form F: (R B) (T A), where time T and R, and data A and B, are discrete or continuous. We show how methods for representing ...

Jens Blanck; Viggo Stoltenberg-Hansen; J. V. Tucker

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

TimeStream: reliable stream computation in the cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TimeStream is a distributed system designed specifically for low-latency continuous processing of big streaming data on a large cluster of commodity machines. The unique characteristics of this emerging application domain have led to a ... Keywords: StreamInsight, cluster computing, distributed stream processing, dynamic reconfiguration, fault-tolerance, real-time, resilient substitution

Zhengping Qian; Yong He; Chunzhi Su; Zhuojie Wu; Hongyu Zhu; Taizhi Zhang; Lidong Zhou; Yuan Yu; Zheng Zhang

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Multirate Explicit Adams Methods for Time Integration of Conservation Laws  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper constructs multirate linear multistep time discretizations based on Adams-Bashforth methods. These methods are aimed at solving conservation laws and allow different timesteps to be used in different parts of the spatial domain. The proposed ... Keywords: Adams methods, Conservation laws, Multirate time integration

Adrian Sandu; Emil M. Constantinescu

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Incorporating multiple genomic features with the utilization of interacting domain patterns to improve the prediction of protein-protein interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks play an outstanding role in the organization of life. Parallel to the growth of experimental techniques on determining PPIs, the emergence of computational methods has greatly accelerated the time needed for ... Keywords: Gene ontology annotation, Genomic features, Interacting domain patterns, Protein-protein interaction-filter, Protein-protein interactions prediction

Rosfuzah Roslan; Razib M. Othman; Zuraini A. Shah; Shahreen Kasim; Hishammuddin Asmuni; Jumail Taliba; Rohayanti Hassan; Zalmiyah Zakaria

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Time and Tide Wait for No Diagram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time plays an important role in some application domains, and can be quite difficult to deal with in diagrams. This is not only true for temporal uncertainty, but also for periodic events. We compare nine different representations that include a notion of time or that are mainly used for temporal information: Time Lines/LifeLines, AsbruView, Gantt- and PERT-Charts, Shinkansen timetables, Temporal Objects, Sets of Possible Occurrences (SOPOs), the Time Cube and Concentric Circles. Features of the different methods are presented and compared to other representations. This paper is meant to help the designer of a diagram or visualization who has to deal with time get an overview over different design ideas, and maybe get an inspiration for their own ideas. Keywords Information Visualization, Time in Problem Solving Methods, Knowledge Acquisition, Knowledge Engineering and Modeling Methodologies

Robert Kosara; Peter Messner; Silvia Miksch

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Distributed grooming in multi-domain IP/MPLS-DWDM networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies distributed multi-domain, multi-layer provisioning (grooming) in IP/MPLS-DWDM networks. Although many multi-domain studies have emerged over the years, these have primarily considered "homogeneous" network layers. Meanwhile, most grooming ... Keywords: inter-domain routing, multi-domain IP-DWDM, multi-domain grooming

Q. Liu; T. Frangieh; F. Xu; C. Xie; N. Ghani; A. Gumaste; T. Lehman; Chin Guok; S. Klasky

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

IP4DI: A software for time-lapse 2D/3D DC-resistivity and induced polarization tomography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a 2D/3D forward modelling and inversion package to invert direct current (DC)-resistivity, time-domain induced polarization (TDIP), and frequency-domain induced polarization (FDIP) data. Each cell used for the discretization of the 2D/3D problems ... Keywords: Induced polarization, Inversion, Resistivity, Time-lapse

M. Karaoulis, A. Revil, P. Tsourlos, D. D. Werkema, B. J. Minsley

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Frequency-domain stress prediction algorithm for the LIFE2 fatigue analysis code  

SciTech Connect

The LIFE2 computer code is a fatigue/fracture analysis code that is specialized to the analysis of wind turbine components. The numerical formulation of the code uses a series of cycle mount matrices to describe the cyclic stress states imposed upon the turbine. However, many structural analysis techniques yield frequency-domain stress spectra and a large body of experimental loads (stress) data is reported in the frequency domain. To permit the analysis of this class of data, a Fourier analysis module has been added to the code. The module transforms the frequency spectrum to an equivalent time series suitable for rainflow counting by other modules in the code. This paper describes the algorithms incorporated into the code and uses experimental data to illustrate their use. 10 refs., 11 figs.

Sutherland, H.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

A Framework for Incorporating General Domain Knowledge into Latent Dirichlet Allocation using First-Order Logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topic models have been used successfully for a variety of problems, often in the form of application-specific extensions of the basic Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) model. Because deriving these new models in order to encode domain knowledge can be difficult and time-consuming, we propose the Fold-all model, which allows the user to specify general domain knowledge in First-Order Logic (FOL). However, combining topic modeling with FOL can result in inference problems beyond the capabilities of existing techniques. We have therefore developed a scalable inference technique using stochastic gradient descent which may also be useful to the Markov Logic Network (MLN) research community. Experiments demonstrate the expressive power of Fold-all, as well as the scalability of our proposed inference method.

Andrzejewski, D; Zhu, X; Craven, M; Recht, B

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

255

Investigating Inflation Persistence in the ACF Domain ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates inflation persistence in a panel of 20 OECD economies by means of the sample AutoCorrelation Functions (ACFs). We find that the inflation empirical ACFs display a common behavior across countries, characterized by long-lasting fluctuations around a potentially time-varying mean. Recent contributions in the macroeconomic literature on heterogeneity in price setting and aggregation offer theoretical support to our findings. Moreover, the empirical ACFs are well approximated by a nonlinear and long memory time series process (ACT) which improves over standard linear autoregressive processes. This improvement is robust to variations of the investigated sample. Using the estimated parameters of the ACT functional form as a measure of inflation persistence, we find a negative correlation between persistence and inflation targeting. JEL classification: E50, C22.

Giovanni Caggiano; Efrem Castelnuovo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported...

257

Definition: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Frequency-Domain Electromagnetics Survey Frequency-domain electromagnetic techniques are continuous wave field methods which enable the mapping of the electrical conductivity of the subsurface through electromagnetic induction.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Electromagnetic induction is the production of a potential difference (voltage) across a conductor when it is exposed to a varying magnetic field. Michael Faraday is generally credited with the discovery of induction in 1831 though it may have been anticipated by the work of Francesco Zantedeschi in 1829. Around 1830 to 1832, Joseph Henry made a similar discovery, but did not publish his findings until later. Faraday's

258

Analysis of multi-domain complex simulation studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex simulations are increasingly important in systems analysis and design. In some cases simulations can be exhaustively validated against experiment and taken to be implicitly accurate. However, in domains where only limited validation of the simulations ...

James R. Gattiker; Earl Lawrence; David Higdon

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Minimally supervised domain-adaptive parse reranking for relation extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper demonstrates how the generic parser of a minimally supervised information extraction framework can be adapted to a given task and domain for relation extraction (RE). For the experiments a generic deep-linguistic parser was employed that works ...

Feiyu Xu; Hong Li; Yi Zhang; Hans Uszkoreit; Sebastian Krause

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Observed and Simulated Energy Cycles in the Frequency Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis of spectral energetics in the frequency domain has been applied to several observed datasets and those simulated by a GFDL general circulation model. There exists good agreement on the directions of energy flows between the observed ...

Jian Sheng; Yoshikazu Hayashi

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Learning semantic structures from in-domain documents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semantic analysis is a core area of natural language understanding that has typically focused on predicting domain-independent representations. However, such representations are unable to fully realize the rich diversity ...

Chen, Harr

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Complexity of Reasoning with Concrete Domains Revised Version  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Description logics are knowledge representation and reasoning formalisms which represent conceptual knowledge on an abstract logical level. Concrete domains are a theoretically well-founded approach to the integration of description logic reasoning with ...

C. Lutz

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

NEXPTIME-Complete Description Logics with Concrete Domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concrete domains are an extension of Description Logics (DLs) allowing to integrate reasoning about conceptual knowledge with reasoning about "concrete properties" of objects such as sizes, weights, and durations. It is known that reasoning with ALC(D), ...

Carsten Lutz

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Domain wall induced magnetoresistance in a superconductor/ferromagnet nanowire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a nanowire consisting of a ferromagnet/insulator/superconductor multilayer structure, the superconductivity is shown to depend strongly on the configuration of the magnetic domain walls in the neighboring ferromagnetic ...

Miao, G. X.

265

Embedding domain-specific modelling languages in maude specifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an approach for embedding Domain-Specific Modelling Languages (DSML) into Maude, based on representing models and metamodels as Maude specifications, and on representing operational semantics and model transformations as computable functions/relations ...

Vlad Rusu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Aspen: a domain specific language for performance modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new approach to analytical performance modeling using Aspen, a domain specific langauge. Aspen (Abstract Scalable Performance Engineering Notation) fills an important gap in existing performance modeling techniques and is designed to enable ...

Kyle L. Spafford; Jeffrey S. Vetter

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Using multiple sources to construct a sentiment sensitive thesaurus for cross-domain sentiment classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a sentiment classification method that is applicable when we do not have any labeled data for a target domain but have some labeled data for multiple other domains, designated as the source domains. We automatically create a ...

Danushka Bollegala; David Weir; John Carroll

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Attraction Domains of Delay Systems: Construction by the Lyapunov Function Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Description of attraction domains of delay systems is studied. Attraction domains are estimated by the Lyapunov functions method and a method of determining the required Lyapunov function.

A. V. Gorbunov; V. A. Kamenetskii

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

SpaceTime Characteristics of Light Transmitted through Dense Clouds: A Green's Function Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Here, previous work using photon diffusion theory to describe radiative transfer through dense plane-parallel clouds at nonabsorbing wavelengths is extended. The focus is on the scaling of space- and time-domain moments for transmitted light with ...

Anthony B. Davis; Alexander Marshak

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Laplace Transform Inversion and Passage-Time Distributions in Markov Processes Peter G. Harrison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by inspection, e.g. for a single Erlang distribution, the most common approach to deriving distributions in the time domain from transforms is by numerical inversion, see for example Davies and Martin (1979), Abate

Imperial College, London

271

NSLS User Access | Requesting Beam Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Requesting Beam Time Requesting Beam Time Use one of the following options depending on your research: General User Proposal General User proposals are peer reviewed for scientific merit by a Proposal Review Panel (PRP). General User proposals compete for beamtime with other General User Proposals based on scientific merit. Once the original proposal and beam time request is reviewed and rated in the PASS System, additional beam time requests can be submitted against the original proposal for its lifetime, a period of up to six cycles (two years). Data taken during experiments associated with a General User proposal is considered to be in the public domain. There is no charge for General User beamtime. Rapid Access Rapid Access proposals are a subset of General User proposals available for

272

Frequency-Domain Synthesis Of The Fatigue Load Spectrum For The Nps 100-Kw Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

* The LIFE2 code is a fatigue/fracture mechanics code that is specialized to the analysis of wind turbine components. Two frequency-domain stress spectra techniques contained in this code are used to analyze the measured frequency loads spectra from the Northern Power Systems 100-kW turbine. Results of the two techniques are compared to cycle counts obtained directly from time series data. These results provide the wind turbine designer with two techniques for determining the cycle-counts from frequency data and illustrate the accuracy that the designer can expect from various cycle-counting techniques. INTRODUCTION The LIFE2 code is a fatigue/fracture mechanics code that is specialized to the analysis of wind turbine components. 1 This code permits the analysis of both time series 2 and frequency domain data. 3 In the case of the former, a "rainflow counting" algorithm is used to convert time series data into a cycle count matrix suitable for fatigue analysis. For the latter,...

Herbert J. Sutherland; Richard M. Osgood

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Support of the NATO Effects Task Group by Los Alamos National Laboratory  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method is outlined for measuring the transient attenuation of optical fibers and/or cables exposed to a pulse of radiation (gamma rays, x-rays, electrons, protons, neutrons, etc). It can be employed to determine the level of radiation-induced attenuation (in units of dB/km as a function of time) produced in single-mode or multi-mode optical fibers, in either cabled or uncabled form, due to pulsed exposure to radiation. Co{sup 60} radiation-induced attenuation is measured by optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR) techniques and compared to conventional optical throughput measurements. Relative advantages and disadvantages of the OTDR technique are discussed.

Lyons, P.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Profiling Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Detection of high-conductivity bodies in the subsurface. Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Detection of the presence of a thermal anomaly through its resistivity signature. Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 2,928.38292,838 centUSD 2.928 kUSD 0.00293 MUSD 2.92838e-6 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 4,505.20450,520 centUSD

275

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

276

National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs Abstract To satisfy the critical need for geothermal data to advance geothermal energy as a viable renewable energy contender, the U.S. Department of Energy is in-vesting in the development of the National Geothermal Data System (NGDS). This paper outlines efforts among geothermal data providers nationwide to sup-ply cutting edge geoinformatics. NGDS geothermal data acquisition, delivery, and methodology are dis-cussed. In particular, this paper addresses the various types of data required to effectively assess

277

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Magnetic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Magnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Locate geothermal groundwater and flow patterns. Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 12,000.001,200,000 centUSD 12 kUSD 0.012 MUSD 1.2e-5 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 18,000.001,800,000 centUSD 18 kUSD 0.018 MUSD 1.8e-5 TUSD / mile High-End Estimate (USD): 25,000.002,500,000 centUSD

278

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

279

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

280

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Definition: Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Survey Electromagnetic Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey Frequency-domain electromagnetic techniques are continuous wave field methods which enable the mapping of the electrical conductivity of the subsurface through electromagnetic induction.[1] Also Known As Controlled-Source EM References ↑ http://library.seg.org/doi/pdf/10.1190/1.1441531 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Frequency-Domain_Electromagnetic_Survey&oldid=591411" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services

282

Bilayer Thickness Mismatch Controls Domain Size in Model Membranes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The observation of lateral phase separation in lipid bilayers has received considerable attention, especially in connection to lipid raft phenomena in cells. It is widely accepted that rafts play a central role in cellular processes, notably signal transduction. While micrometer-sized domains are observed with some model membrane mixtures, rafts much smaller than 100 nm beyond the reach of optical microscopy are now thought to exist, both in vitro and in vivo. We have used small-angle neutron scattering, a probe free technique, to measure the size of nanoscopic membrane domains in unilamellar vesicles with unprecedented accuracy. These experiments were performed using a four-component model system containing fixed proportions of cholesterol and the saturated phospholipid 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC), mixed with varying amounts of the unsaturated phospholipids 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) and 1,2-dioleoylsn- glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC). We find that liquid domain size increases with the extent of acyl chain unsaturation (DOPC:POPC ratio). Furthermore, we find a direct correlation between domain size and the mismatch in bilayer thickness of the coexisting liquid-ordered and liquid-disordered phases, suggesting a dominant role for line tension in controlling domain size. While this result is expected from line tension theories, we provide the first experimental verification in free-floating bilayers. Importantly, we also find that changes in bilayer thickness, which accompany changes in the degree of lipid chain unsaturation, are entirely confined to the disordered phase. Together, these results suggest how the size of functional domains in homeothermic cells may be regulated through changes in lipid composition.

Heberle, Frederick A [ORNL; Petruzielo, Robin S [ORNL; Pan, Jianjun [ORNL; Drazba, Paul [ORNL; Kucerka, Norbert [Canadian Neutron Beam Centre and Comelius University (Slovakia); Feigenson, Gerald [Cornell University; Katsaras, John [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Time and Frequency Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Time and Frequency Portal. Time and Frequency Portal. Programs and Projects. CODATA values of the fundamental constants ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

284

Time Series and Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time Series and Forecasting. Leigh, Stefan and Perlman, S. (1991). "An Index for Comovement of Time Sequences With ...

285

Observation and implications of magnetic domains in lateral spin valves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Co/Cu/Co lateral spin valves (LSV), with Co being the topmost layer, are in situ prepared and measured under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. The clean process yields a non-local spin signal of 0.9 m{Omega}. Scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA) reveals domain structures in both magnetic electrodes that depend on the LSV dimensions. The spin signal correlates to SEMPA images as well as the anisotropic magnetoresistance of both Co magnets, revealing a strong impact of multi-domain states on the spin signal.

Mennig, J.; Matthes, F.; Buergler, D. E.; Schneider, C. M. [Peter Gruenberg Institute, Electronic Properties (PGI-6) and Juelich-Aachen Research Alliance, Fundamentals of Future Information Technology (JARA-FIT), Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, Juelich D-52425 (Germany)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Current Domain Challenges in the Emergency Response Community  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development of a framework targeted to technology providers in order to better understand the grand domain challenges of the emergency response and management community (EM). In developing this framework, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers interviewed subject matter experts (SMEs) across the EM domain and corroborated these findings with current literature. We are currently examining relationships and dependencies within the framework. A thorough understanding of these gaps and dependencies will allow for a more informed approach prioritizing research, developing tools, and applying technology to enhance performance in the EM community.

Barr, Jonathan L.; Peddicord, Annie M Boe; Burtner, Edwin R.; Mahy, Heidi A.

2011-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

287

IQGAP Proteins Reveal an Atypical Phosphoinositide (aPI) Binding Domain with a Pseudo C2 Domain Fold  

SciTech Connect

Class I phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinases act through effector proteins whose 3-PI selectivity is mediated by a limited repertoire of structurally defined, lipid recognition domains. We describe here the lipid preferences and crystal structure of a new class of PI binding modules exemplified by select IQGAPs (IQ motif containing GTPase-activating proteins) known to coordinate cellular signaling events and cytoskeletal dynamics. This module is defined by a C-terminal 105-107 amino acid region of which IQGAP1 and -2, but not IQGAP3, binds preferentially to phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdInsP3). The binding affinity for PtdInsP3, together with other, secondary target-recognition characteristics, are comparable with those of the pleckstrin homology domain of cytohesin-3 (general receptor for phosphoinositides 1), an established PtdInsP3 effector protein. Importantly, the IQGAP1 C-terminal domain and the cytohesin-3 pleckstrin homology domain, each tagged with enhanced green fluorescent protein, were both re-localized from the cytosol to the cell periphery following the activation of PI 3-kinase in Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts, consistent with their common, selective recognition of endogenous 3-PI(s). The crystal structure of the C-terminal IQGAP2 PI binding module reveals unexpected topological similarity to an integral fold of C2 domains, including a putative basic binding pocket. We propose that this module integrates select IQGAP proteins with PI 3-kinase signaling and constitutes a novel, atypical phosphoinositide binding domain that may represent the first of a larger group, each perhaps structurally unique but collectively dissimilar from the known PI recognition modules.

Dixon, Miles J.; Gray, Alexander; Schenning, Martijn; Agacan, Mark; Tempel, Wolfram; Tong, Yufeng; Nedyalkova, Lyudmila; Park, Hee-Won; Leslie, Nicholas R.; van Aalten, Daan M.F.; Downes, C. Peter; Batty, Ian H. (Toronto); (Dundee)

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

288

An adaptive multitime multigrid algorithm for time-periodic flow simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multiscale behaviour and multidisciplinary nature of rotorcraft aerodynamics has delayed the introduction of CFD techniques for rotorcraft aerodynamics. The numerical dissipation of standard CFD algorithms may destroy tip vortices before blade-vortex ... Keywords: 02.60.Cb, 02.70.Dh, 03.40.Gc, Multigrid, Space-time discontinuous Galerkin method, Time domain, Time-periodic

H. van der Ven

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Real-time Eulerian water simulation using a restricted tall cell grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new Eulerian fluid simulation method, which allows real-time simulations of large scale three dimensional liquids. Such scenarios have hitherto been restricted to the domain of off-line computation. To reduce computation time we use a hybrid ... Keywords: fluid simulation, multigrid, real time, tall cell grid

Nuttapong Chentanez; Matthias Mller

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Neutron Electric Dipole Moment with Domain Wall Quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present preliminary results for nucleon dipole moments computed with domain wall fermions. Our main target is the electric dipole moment of the neutron arising from the theta term in the gauge part of the QCD lagrangian. The calculated magnetic dipole moments of the proton and neutron are in rough accord with experimental values.

F. Berruto; T. Blum; K. Orginos; A. Soni

2004-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

291

A core reference ontology for the customer relationship domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) has emerged as an important strategy that companies should implement in order to build profitable and stable relationships with their customer. The domain of CRM has peculiar characteristics: a CRM strategy is largely ... Keywords: CRM, Customer relationship management, business activities, business knowledge, customer relationships, software

Diego Magro; Anna Goy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Methods of detection using a cellulose binding domain fusion product  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

Shoseyov, Oded (Shimshon, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (North Gallilea, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Domain-dependent single-agent search enhancements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AI research has developed an extensive collection of methods to solve state-space problems. Using the challenging domain of Sokoban, this paper studies the effect of search enhancements on program performance. We show that the current state of the art ... Keywords: IDA, Sokoban, single-agent search

Andreas Junghanns; Jonathan Schaeffer

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Experiences from identifying software reuse opportunities by domain analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a large corporate organization there are sometimes similar software products in certain subdomains with a perceived functional overlap. This promises to be an opportunity for systematic reuse to reduce software development and maintenance costs. In ... Keywords: business case, domain analysis, software product lines

Heiko Koziolek, Thomas Goldschmidt, Thijmen de Gooijer, Dominik Domis, Stephan Sehestedt

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Knowledge mapping for rapidly evolving domains: A design science approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge mapping can provide comprehensive depictions of rapidly evolving scientific domains. Taking the design science approach, we developed a Web-based knowledge mapping system (i.e., Nano Mapper) that provides interactive search and analysis on ... Keywords: Design science, Information systems, Knowledge mapping

Yan Dang; Yulei Zhang; Paul Jen-Hwa Hu; Susan A. Brown; Hsinchun Chen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Face images feature extraction analysis for recognition in frequency domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a novel technique to extract facial features for recognition in frequency domain using Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) is presented. In pre processing phase facial tilt and varying image background challenges have been addressed to improve ... Keywords: DFT, dimension reduction, face recognition, facial tilt, image background, image decimation

M. Almas Anjum; M. Younus Javed

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Representing a robotic domain using temporal description logics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A temporal logic for representing and reasoning on a robotic domain is presented. Actions are represented by describing what is true while the action itself is occurring, and plans are constructed by temporally relating actions and world states. The ... Keywords: Action Representation, Description Logic, Robotics, Temporal Logic

Alessandro Artale; Enrico Franconi

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Semantics-aware open information extraction in the biomedical domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing amount of biomedical scientific literature published on the Web is demanding new tools and methods to automatically process and extract relevant information. Traditional information extraction has focused on recognizing well-defined entities ... Keywords: biomedical domain, relation extraction, semantic annotation

Victoria Nebot; Rafael Berlanga

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

A Collaborative Filtering Algorithm Based on Global and Domain Authorities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collaborative filtering has been very successful in both applications and researches. In real situation, different users may have different influences on other users' decisions. Those authoritative users usually play more important roles. But few existing ... Keywords: Collaboration Filtering, Domain Authority, Global Authority

Li Zhou; Yong Zhang; Chun-Xiao Xing

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Discovering common outcomes of agents' communicative actions in various domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore the common patterns of human behavior, expressed via communicative actions, and displayed in various domains of human activities associated with conflicts. We build the generic methodology based on machine learning and reasoning to predict ... Keywords: Agents, Conflict scenarios, Emotions, Learning human behavior, Mental states, Outcomes of communicative actions, Scenarios as graphs

Boris Galitsky; Josep-Lluis de la Rosa; Boris Kovalerchuk

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Methods of use of cellulose binding domain proteins  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 16 figs.

Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

1997-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

302

Methods of detection using a cellulose binding domain fusion product  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques. 34 figs.

Shoseyov, O.; Shpiegl, I.; Goldstein, M.A.; Doi, R.H.

1999-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

303

Methods of use of cellulose binding domain proteins  

SciTech Connect

A cellulose binding domain (CBD) having a high affinity for crystalline cellulose and chitin is disclosed, along with methods for the molecular cloning and recombinant production thereof. Fusion products comprising the CBD and a second protein are likewise described. A wide range of applications are contemplated for both the CBD and the fusion products, including drug delivery, affinity separations, and diagnostic techniques.

Shoseyov, Oded (Karmey Yosef, IL); Shpiegl, Itai (Rehovot, IL); Goldstein, Marc A. (Davis, CA); Doi, Roy H. (Davis, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Structure of the C-terminal heme-binding domain of THAP domain containing protein 4 from Homo sapiens  

SciTech Connect

The thanatos (the Greek god of death)-associated protein (THAP) domain is a sequence-specific DNA-binding domain that contains a C2-CH (Cys-Xaa{sub 2-4}-Cys-Xaa{sub 35-50}-Cys-Xaa{sub 2}-His) zinc finger that is similar to the DNA domain of the P element transposase from Drosophila. THAP-containing proteins have been observed in the proteome of humans, pigs, cows, chickens, zebrafish, Drosophila, C. elegans, and Xenopus. To date, there are no known THAP domain proteins in plants, yeast, or bacteria. There are 12 identified human THAP domain-containing proteins (THAP0-11). In all human THAP protein, the THAP domain is located at the N-terminus and is {approx}90 residues in length. Although all of the human THAP-containing proteins have a homologous N-terminus, there is extensive variation in both the predicted structure and length of the remaining protein. Even though the exact function of these THAP proteins is not well defined, there is evidence that they play a role in cell proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle modulation, chromatin modification, and transcriptional regulation. THAP-containing proteins have also been implicated in a number of human disease states including heart disease, neurological defects, and several types of cancers. Human THAP4 is a 577-residue protein of unknown function that is proposed to bind DNA in a sequence-specific manner similar to THAP1 and has been found to be upregulated in response to heat shock. THAP4 is expressed in a relatively uniform manner in a broad range of tissues and appears to be upregulated in lymphoma cells and highly expressed in heart cells. The C-terminal domain of THAP4 (residues 415-577), designated here as cTHAP4, is evolutionarily conserved and is observed in all known THAP4 orthologs. Several single-domain proteins lacking a THAP domain are found in plants and bacteria and show significant levels of homology to cTHAP4. It appears that cTHAP4 belongs to a large class of proteins that have yet to be fully functionally characterized. On the basis of prior work, we predicted that cTHAP4 is composed of a heme-binding nitrobindin domain, making THAP4 the only human THAP protein predicted to bind a cofactor. Nitrobindin, a recently characterized protein from Arabidopsis thaliana, is structurally similar and exhibits nitric oxide (NO)-binding properties that resemble the heme-binding nitrophorins. Nitrophorins use a heme moiety to store, transport, and release NO in a pH-specific manner. Although the exact function of nitrobindin is not fully known, the similarities between the well-characterized nitrophorins imply a role in NO transport, sensing, or metabolism. To better elucidate the possible function of THAP4, we solved the hemebound structure of cTHAP4 to a resolution of 1.79 {angstrom}.

Bianchetti, Christopher M.; Bingman, Craig A.; Phillips, Jr., George N. (UW)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

306

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

307

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

308

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in ultrafast computer memories. In such systems, the otherwise in-plane magnetization turns perpendicular to the plane at the center of the vortex, forming the vortex core. Because such a core has two possible polarizations (up or down) and can be switched between these two states by a small alternating magnetic field, it could serve as a memory bit in future magnetic memory devices. However, these magnetic structures often contain numerous imperfections such as domain wall pinning sites, which have to be taken into account for the practical application of such systems. To study how these defects affect the dynamics of magnetic vortices, researchers from Belgium, Germany, and the United States investigated square-shaped and disk-shaped thin-film structures with artificially introduced imperfections in the form of nanometer-sized holes. They used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 to determine the frequency at which these vortices vibrate (their eigenfrequency). The imperfections were found to cause a higher vibrational frequency in square-shaped structures, but did not influence the disk-shaped structures. Knowledge of the frequency is crucial for vortex-based memories, since the electric signal for writing data needs to be precisely tuned to it.

309

Compiling for time predictability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the T-CREST project we work on hardware/software architectures and code-generation strategies for time-predictable embedded and cyber-physical systems. In this paper we present the single-path code generation approach that we plan to explore and ... Keywords: compilers, real-time systems, time predictability, worst-case execution-time analysis

Peter Puschner; Raimund Kirner; Benedikt Huber; Daniel Prokesch

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Certifying execution time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present the framework Abstraction-Carrying CodE Platform for Timing validation (ACCEPT), designed for timing analysis of embedded real-time systems using the worst-case execution time (WCET) as the safety parameter. In the context ...

Vtor Rodrigues; Joo Pedro Pedroso; Mrio Florido; Simo Melo de Sousa

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Investigation of Unusual Albedos in the SGP Domain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigation of Unusual Albedos in the SGP Domain Investigation of Unusual Albedos in the SGP Domain Groff, David ARM SGP Duchon, Claude University Of Oklahoma Category: Atmospheric State and Surface We investigate the cause of unusually high albedos at an Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) extended facility near Morris, OK. In a previous study, daily albedos were calculated at several SGP extended facilities for 1998 and 1999 using broadband (.28 to 3 microns) pyranometers. The average daily albedo during this period was calculated to be at least about 5% higher at Morris than at any of the other SGP extended facilities. Surface based measurements of daily albedos at Morris and two nearby SGP extended facilities during 2004 and 2005 suggest the unusually high albedo measurements at Morris are real.

312

Information Retrieval Systems Adapted to the Biomedical Domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The terminology used in Biomedicine shows lexical peculiarities that have required the elaboration of terminological resources and information retrieval systems with specific functionalities. The main characteristics are the high rates of synonymy and homonymy, due to phenomena such as the proliferation of polysemic acronyms and their interaction with common language. Information retrieval systems in the biomedical domain use techniques oriented to the treatment of these lexical peculiarities. In this paper we review some of the techniques used in this domain, such as the application of Natural Language Processing (BioNLP), the incorporation of lexical-semantic resources, and the application of Named Entity Recognition (BioNER). Finally, we present the evaluation methods adopted to assess the suitability of these techniques for retrieving biomedical resources.

Marrero, Mnica; Urbano, Julin; Morato, Jorge; Moreiro, Jos-Antonio; 10.3145/epi.2010.may.04

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Slurry line eminent domain urged over rail lands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to C.E. Bagge of the National Coal Association (NCA), Congress should pass a bill that would grant coal slurry pipelines the right-of-eminent-domain across land held by railroads. An NCA study determined that 85% of the coal shipped by U.S. railroads in 1977 could not have been shipped in any other way, and the NCA feels that the coal market would be improved if the railroads' transport dominance were reduced by the presence of slurry lines. NCA and Senator D. Bumpers would prefer that the bill under consideration be broadened to give slurry lines eminent domain over private lands, but this expansion of powers is considered politically infeasible. According to Senator W. Ford, the proposed bill would be applied primarily in eastern states, rather than in western states, as is generally thought, since eastern railroads usually own their track beds but western railroads are built on federal easements which slurry lines can cross.

Bagge, C.E.

1980-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

314

Adding statistics routines to the SLATEC public domain subprogram library  

SciTech Connect

The SLATEC library is a public-domain portable library of FORTRAN subroutines organized by several DOE and DOD laboratories. SLATEC includes a comprehensive set of mathematical routines, including special functions, linear algebra, and differential equation solvers. These routines will run on most computers which support FORTRAN. It was decided to include statistical routines in SLATEC, and some routines are being added. This paper discusses the nature of SLATEC, indicate plans for the statistics routines, and call for further contributions to SLATEC.

Durst, M.J.; Margolies, D.S.; Fong, K.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Real-time scheduling with regenerative energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates real-time scheduling in a system whose energy reservoir is replenished by an environmental power source. The execution of tasks is deemed primarily energy-driven, i.e., a task may only respect its deadline if its energy demand can be satisfied early enough. Hence, a useful scheduling policy should account for properties of the energy source, capacity of the energy storage as well as power dissipation of the single tasks. We show that conventional scheduling algorithms (like e.g. EDF) are not suitable for this scenario. Based on this motivation, we state and prove optimal scheduling algorithms that jointly handle constraints from both energy and time domain. Furthermore, an offline schedulability test for a set of periodic or even bursty tasks is presented. Finally, we validate the proposed theory by means of simulation and compare our algorithms with the classical Earliest Deadline First Algorithm. 1.

C. Moser; D. Brunelli; L. Thiele; L. Benini

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Time-Resolved  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Time-Resolved Time-Resolved Print Of the four fundamental parameters that we use to perceive the physical world (energy, momentum, position, and time) three correspond to the three broad categories of synchrotron experimental measurement techniques: spectroscopy (energy), scattering (momentum), and imaging (position). The fourth parameter-time-can in principle be applied to all the techniques. At the ALS, many experiments can be carried out in real time, with data being recorded from the same sample as it changes over time. Some time-resolved experiments take advantage of the pulsed nature of the ALS's synchrotron radiation, which, like a strobe light, can capture a series of "snapshots" of a process that, when viewed sequentially, show us how a given process evolves over time. Other experiments simply require two pulses: one to "pump" energy into the sample system and a second to probe the system's excited state.

317

ac and dc current-induced motion of a 360 degrees domain wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

he response of 360 [360 degrees]domain walls in narrow magnetic stripes to applied dc and ac currents, investigated by micromagnetic simulation, differs qualitatively from the response of 180 [180 degrees] domain walls. ...

Mascaro, Mark D.

318

From top-level to domain ontologies: ecosystem classifications as a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper shows how to use a top-level ontology to create robust and logically coherent domain ontology in a way that facilitates computational implementation and interoperability. It uses a domain ontology of ecosystem classification and delineation ...

Thomas Bittner

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Phenomenological theory of a single domain wall in uniaxial trigonal ferroelectrics: Lithium niobate and lithium tantalate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomenological theory of a single domain wall in uniaxial trigonal ferroelectrics: Lithium niobate and lithium tantalate David A. Scrymgeour and Venkatraman Gopalan Department of Materials Science, lithium niobate and lithium tantalate. The contributions to the domain- wall energy from polarization

Gopalan, Venkatraman

320

Magnetic behavior of 360 domain walls in patterned magnetic thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

360 transverse domain walls (360DWs), which form readily from transverse 180 domain walls (180DWs) of opposite sense, demonstrate qualitatively distinct behaviors from their constituent 180DWs and are therefore of interest ...

Mascaro, Mark Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A guided stochastic energy-domain formulation of the second order M{\\o}ller-Plesset perturbation theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop an alternative formulation in the energy-domain to calculate the second order M{\\o}ller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation energies. The approach is based on repeatedly choosing four random energies using a non-separable guiding function, filtering four random orbitals at these energies, and averaging the resulting Coulomb matrix elements to obtain a statistical estimate of the MP2 correlation energy. In contrast to our time-domain formulation, the present approach is useful for both quantum chemistry and real-space/plane wave basis sets. The scaling of the MP2 calculation is roughly linear with system size, providing a useful tool to study dispersion energies in large systems. This is demonstrated on a structure of 64 fullerenes within the SZ basis as well as on silicon nanocrystals using real-space grids.

Ge, Qinghui; Baer, Roi; Rabani, Eran; Neuhauser, Daniel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Managing time, part 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Masterful time management means not just tracking of messages in your personal environment, but managing your coordination network with others.

Peter J. Denning; Ritu Raj

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

FREQUENCY AND TIME  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... STRATWARM observed and FLARES expected ... observed and PROTON FLARE expected (- - ) STRATWARM ... time of observed solar or geophysical ...

2003-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

324

QuickTime VR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

QuickTime VR. Christine Piatko and Sandy Ressler. ... Sandy Ressler's Office. Plant Floor of Black & Decker in Fayetteville NC. ...

325

Multi-physical simulations of current-induced domain wall motion using graphics processing units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Micromagnetic simulations of current- induced domain wall motion are presented. Domain walls are prominent candidates for concepts of storing binary data by the magnetization of ferromagnetic nanostructures. Influences of the spin-torque and the Oersted ... Keywords: current-induced domain wall motion, graphics processing units, multi-physical micromagnetic modelling and simulations, racetrack memory

Andr Drews; Gunnar Selke; Dietmar P. F. Mller

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Local Electromechanical Response at a Single Ferroelectric Domain Wall in Lithium Niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local Electromechanical Response at a Single Ferroelectric Domain Wall in Lithium Niobate DAVID A electromechanical response across a single ferroelectric domain wall in congruent lithium niobate at room in the crystal, which interact with the domain wall. I. INTRODUCTION FERROELECTRIC lithium niobate and lithium

Gopalan, Venkatraman

327

Analysing the effect of out-of-domain data on SMT systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In statistical machine translation (SMT), it is known that performance declines when the training data is in a different domain from the test data. Nevertheless, it is frequently necessary to supplement scarce in-domain training data with out-of-domain ...

Barry Haddow; Philipp Koehn

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Secure interoperable digital content distribution mechanisms in a multi-domain architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current DRM systems use the Authorized Domain concept to allow sharing of DRM-enabled multimedia contents across multiple devices. However, some devices in an authorized domain may support only a limited number of DRM systems of the content providers ... Keywords: Authorized domain, DRM, Interoperability, Personal content sharing, TPM

Lei Lei Win; Tony Thomas; Sabu Emmanuel

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Pounamu: A meta-tool for exploratory domain-specific visual language tool development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Domain-specific visual language tools have become important in many domains of software engineering and end user development. However building such tools is very challenging with a need for multiple views of information and multi-user support, the ability ... Keywords: Domain-specific languages, Meta-CASE, Meta-tools, Visual design environments

Nianping Zhu; John Grundy; John Hosking; Na Liu; Shuping Cao; Akhil Mehra

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Timed Property Sequence Chart  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Property Sequence Chart (PSC) is a novel scenario-based notation, which has been recently proposed to represent temporal properties of concurrent systems. This language balances expressive power and simplicity of use. However, the current version of ... Keywords: Property Sequence Chart, Real-time specification patterns, Timed Property Sequence Chart, Timing properties

Pengcheng Zhang; Bixin Li; Lars Grunske

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Noncommutative Two Time Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a classical formalism describing two-time physics with Abelian canonical gauge field backgrounds. The formalism can be used as a starting point for the construction of an interacting quantized two-time physics theory in a noncommutative soace-time.

W. Chagas-Filho

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

332

Classification of Multivariate Time Series and Structured Data Using Constructive Induction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a method of constructive induction aimed at learning tasks involving multivariate time series data. Using metafeatures, the scope of attribute-value learning is expanded to domains with instances that have some kind of recurring substructure, ... Keywords: constructive induction, propositionalisation, substructure, time series

Mohammed Waleed Kadous; Claude Sammut

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Design of robust fuzzy logic controllers for complex non-linear processes with time delay  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The progress of industrial applications of fuzzy logic controllers (FLCs) for high performance control of complex, non-linear, time-varying processes, sets demands for their design - to be laid on theoretical grounds, to be general and simple, to bind ... Keywords: PI-like FLC design, frequency domain, robust performance, time delay, tuning algorithm

Snejana Yordanova

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Fast time delay neural networks for word detection in video conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new approach to speed up the operation of time delay neural networks for fast detecting a word in a video conference. The entire data are collected together in a long vector and then tested as a one input pattern. The proposed fast ... Keywords: cross correlation, fast time delay neural networks, frequency domain, word detection in video conference

Hazem M. El-Bakry; Nikos Mastorakis

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Quantum Operation Time Reversal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of an open quantum system can be described by a quantum operation, a linear, complete positive map of operators. Here, I exhibit a compact expression for the time reversal of a quantum operation, which is closely analogous to the time reversal of a classical Markov transition matrix. Since open quantum dynamics are stochastic, and not, in general, deterministic, the time reversal is not, in general, an inversion of the dynamics. Rather, the system relaxes towards equilibrium in both the forward and reverse time directions. The probability of a quantum trajectory and the conjugate, time reversed trajectory are related by the heat exchanged with the environment.

Crooks, Gavin E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Quantum Operation Time Reversal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of an open quantum system can be described by a quantum operation, a linear, complete positive map of operators. Here, I exhibit a compact expression for the time reversal of a quantum operation, which is closely analogous to the time reversal of a classical Markov transition matrix. Since open quantum dynamics are stochastic, and not, in general, deterministic, the time reversal is not, in general, an inversion of the dynamics. Rather, the system relaxes towards equilibrium in both the forward and reverse time directions. The probability of a quantum trajectory and the conjugate, time reversed trajectory are related by the heat exchanged with the environment.

Gavin E. Crooks

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

337

Expert System Models in the Companies' Financial and Accounting Domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present paper is based on studying, analyzing and implementing the expert systems in the financial and accounting domain of the companies, describing the use method of the informational systems that can be used in the multi-national companies, public interest institutions, and medium and small dimension economical entities, in order to optimize the managerial decisions and render efficient the financial-accounting functionality. The purpose of this paper is aimed to identifying the economical exigencies of the entities, based on the already used accounting instruments and the management software that could consent the control of the economical processes and patrimonial assets.

Mates, D; Bostan, I; Grosu, V

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

On the Time Times Temperature Bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently Hod proposes a lower bound on the relaxation time of a perturbed thermodynamic system. For gravitational systems this bound transforms into a condition on the fundamental quasinormal frequency. We test the bound in some spacetimes whose quasinormal frequencies are calculated exactly, as the three-dimensional BTZ black hole, the D-dimensional de Sitter spacetime, and the D-dimensional Nariai spacetime. We find that for some of these spacetimes their fundamental quasinormal frequencies do not satisfy the bound proposed by Hod.

A. Lopez-Ortega

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

339

The Australian domain name registration system : a more efficient system for the promotion of liberalisation, consumer protection and growth.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is about the Australian domain name system and, in particular, the principles governing the registration of domain names in the '.au' country code (more)

Ng, Jenny Swee Gaik

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

2.0 Closed-Domain Hydrate Dissociation (Base Case w/ Hydrate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Closed-Domain Hydrate Dissociation (Base Case w/ Hydrate) Closed-Domain Hydrate Dissociation (Base Case w/ Hydrate) 2.1 Problem Description One half of a 20-m, one-dimensional horizontal domain, discretized using uniformly spaced 1-m grid cells (optionally 0.1-m grid cells) is initialized with aqueous-hydrate conditions; whereas, the other half of the domain is initialized with gas-aqueous conditions. As with the Base Case problem, a closed horizontal domain is used to eliminate gravitational body forces and boundary condition effects. The initial conditions are specified to yield complete dissociation of the hydrate, via the thermal capacitance of the domain-half initialized with gas-aqueous conditions. To initialize the aqueous-hydrate half of the domain, temperature, pressure, and hydrate saturation are

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A novel fractional order fuzzy PID controller and its optimal time domain tuning based on integral performance indices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel fractional order (FO) fuzzy Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller has been proposed in this paper which works on the closed loop error and its fractional derivative as the input and has a fractional integrator in its output. The fractional ... Keywords: FLC tuning, Fractional order controller, Fuzzy PID, Genetic algorithm, Integral performance indices, Optimal PID tuning

Saptarshi Das; Indranil Pan; Shantanu Das; Amitava Gupta

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Sleep spindle detection using artificial neural networks trained with filtered time-domain EEG: A feasibility study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An artificial neural network (ANN) based on the Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) architecture is used for detecting sleep spindles in band-pass filtered electroencephalograms (EEG), without feature extraction. Following optimum classification schemes, the ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks, EEG, Pattern recognition, Sleep spindles

Errikos M. Ventouras; Efstratia A. Monoyiou; Periklis Y. Ktonas; Thomas Paparrigopoulos; Dimitris G. Dikeos; Nikos K. Uzunoglu; Constantin R. Soldatos

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Design of near-field optical probes with optimal field enhancement by finite difference time domain electromagnetic simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

March 2002 We report the three-dimensional electromagnetic simulation of gold nanoparticles FDTD simulations of gold particles illuminated by near infrared radiation are performed. Field regime was not possible until more recently. In 1984, Pohl et al. were able to image a test sample at 25

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

344

Charge-domain signal processing of direct RF sampling mixer with discrete-time filters in Bluetooth and GSM receivers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RF circuits for multi-GHz frequencies have recently migrated to low-cost digital deep-submicron CMOS processes. Unfortunately, this process environment, which is optimized only for digital logic and SRAM memory, is extremely unfriendly for conventional ...

Yo-Chuol Ho; Robert Bogdan Staszewski; Khurram Muhammad; Chih-Ming Hung; Dirk Leipold; Kenneth Maggio

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

An outdoor time scenes simulation scheme based on support vector regression with radial basis function on DCT domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel strategy for forecasting outdoor scenes is introduced. This new approach combines the support vector regression in neural network computation and the discrete cosine transform (DCT). In 1995, Vapnik introduced a neural-network ... Keywords: Discrete cosine transform, Neural network, Radial basis function (RBF), Scene, Support vector regression

Chen-Chung Liu; Kai-Wen Chuang

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Observation of Time-domain Rabi Oscillations in the Landau-Zener Regime with a Single Electronic Spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under resonant conditions, a long sequence of landau-zener transitions can lead to Rabi oscillations. Using a nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center spin in diamond, we investigated the interference between more than 100 Landau-Zener processes. We observed the new type of Rabi oscillations of the electron spin resulting from the interference between successive Landau-Zener processes in various regimes, including both slow and fast passages. The combination of the control techniques and the favorable coherent properties of NV centers provides an excellent experimental platform to study a variety of quantum dynamical phenomena.

Jingwei Zhou; Pu Huang; Qi Zhang; Zixiang Wang; Tian Tan; Xiangkun Xu; Fazhan Shi; Xing Rong; S. Ashhab; Jiangfeng Du

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Time domain single-phase reclosure scheme for transmission lines based on dual-Gaussian mixture models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The basic principle of new adaptive reclosures are to first identify whether a fault is transient or permanent and consequently to determine the reclosing moment. In this paper a novel method to enhance self-adaptive single phase autoreclosure of transmission ... Keywords: Adaptive single phase auto-reclosing (ASPAR), Gaussian mixture models, Transient and permanent faults

S. Jazebi; S. H. Hosseinian; M. Jannati; B. Vahidi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Comparison of coupled and decoupled modal approaches in seismic analysis of concrete gravity dams in time domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Different methods are available for dynamic analysis of concrete dams. Among these, modal approach is highly popular due to the efficiency of the method. This becomes more significant if the response is to be calculated for several earthquake ground ... Keywords: Concrete gravity dam, Coupled modes, Decoupled modal approach, Dynamic analysis

Ali Samii; Vahid Lotfi

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Electron transport in TiO2 probed by THz time-domain spectroscopy E. Hendry,1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of British Columbia two or three years later, and came across a tutorial entitled The SETL Programming in SETL places its expressive balance closer to al­ gebraic mathematics than is customary for programming parts of programs destined to be coded in SPITBOL, Algol 68, Fortran, or Assembler/360. When I took my M

Heinz, Tony F.

350

What Time is It?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... These are sometimes marketed as "atomic clocks", but ... problems include incorrectly setting your local time zone on the clock, batteries that need ...

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

351

Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition and Nanoscale Size Distribution Explains Performance in Solar Cells Organic Solar Cells: Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition and Nanoscale Size Distribution Explains Performance in Solar Cells Print Tuesday, 22 January 2013 00:00 This front cover represents the morphology and resulting device dynamics in organic solar cell blend films of PTB7 and PC71BM, as revealed by combined resonant x-ray scattering and microscopy done at the Advanced Light Source. Harald Ade and co-workers find that the fullerene molecules (red) are miscible in the polymer (blue) up to 30 wt.%, above which they begin to agglomerate (bottom). This agglomeration is important for the optoelectronic processes within the device, but the agglomerates must be kept to small sizes by the solvent processing additive diiodooctane (DIO). Correlation of this morphology with the spectrally resolved quantum efficiency shows that the yellow excitons created upon photoabsorption must arrive at the agglomerate interface for charge separation to occur. The blue electrons and green holes can then percolate through appropriate molecules in the mixed matrix to the electrodes for harvesting of electrical energy. Article Link (PDF)

352

Domain Wall QCD with Near-Physical Pions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present physical results for a variety of light hadronic quantities obtained via a combined analysis of three 2+1 flavour domain wall fermion ensemble sets. For two of our ensemble sets we used the Iwasaki gauge action with beta=2.13 (a^-1=1.75(4) GeV) and beta=2.25 (a^-1=2.31(4) GeV) and lattice sizes of 24^3 x 64 and 32^3 x 64 respectively, with unitary pion masses in the range 293(5)-417(10) MeV. The extent L_s for the 5^th dimension of the domain wall fermion formulation is L_s=16 in these ensembles. In this analysis we include a third ensemble set that makes use of the novel Iwasaki+DSDR (Dislocation Suppressing Determinant Ratio) gauge action at beta = 1.75 (a^-1=1.37(1) GeV) with a lattice size of 32^3 x 64 and L_s=32 to reach down to partially-quenched pion masses as low as 143(1) MeV and a unitary pion mass of 171(1) MeV, while retaining good chiral symmetry and topological tunneling. We demonstrate a significant improvement in our control over the chiral extrapolation, resulting in much improved ...

Arthur, R; Boyle, P A; Christ, N H; Garron, N; Hudspith, R J; Izubuchi, T; Jung, C; Kelly, C; Lytle, A T; Mawhinney, R D; Murphy, D; Ohta, S; Sachrajda, C T; Soni, A; Zanotti, J M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

A structure-based database of antibody variable domain diversity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diversity of natural antibodies is limited by the genetic mechanisms that engender diversity and the functional requirements of antigen binding. Using an in vitro-evolved autonomous heavy chain variable domain (V{sub H}H-RIG), we have investigated the limits of structurally-tolerated diversity in the three complementarity-determining regions and a fourth loop within the third framework region. We determined the X-ray crystal structure of the V{sub H}H-RIG domain at 1.9 {angstrom} resolution and used it to guide the design of phage-displayed libraries encompassing the four loops. The libraries were subjected to selections for structural stability, and a database of structurally-tolerated sequences was compiled from the sequences of approximately 1000 unique clones. The results reveal that all four loops accommodate significantly greater diversity than is observed in nature. Thus, it appears that most sequence biases in the natural immune repertoire arise from factors other than structural constraints and, consequently, it should be possible to enhance the functions of antibodies significantly through in vitro evolution.

Bond, C.J.; Wiesmann, C.; Marsters, Jr., J.C.; Sidhu, S.S. (Genentech)

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

354

Domain-Specific Languages for Composing Signature Discovery Workflows  

SciTech Connect

Domain-agnostic signature discovery entails investigation across multiple scientific disciplines. The breadth and cross-disciplinary nature of this work requires that existing executables be integrated with new capabilities into workflows, representing a wide range of user tasks. An algorithm may be written in multiple programming languages for various hardware platforms, and so workflow composition requires integrating executables from any number of remote hosts. This raises an engineering issue on how to generate web service wrappers for these heterogeneous executables and to compose them into a scientific workflow environment (e.g., Taverna). In this paper, we introduce two simple Domain-Specific Languages (DSLs) to automate these processes. Our Service Description Language (SDL) describes key elements of a signature discovery service and automatically generates its implementation code. The Workflow Description Language (WDL) describes the pipeline of services and generates deployable artifacts for the Taverna workflow management system. We demonstrate our approach with a real-world workflow composed of services wrapping remote executables.

Jacob, Ferosh; Gray, Jeff; Wynne, Adam S.; Liu, Yan (Jenny) [Jenny; Baker, Nathan A.

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

355

Variable-delay feedback control of unstable steady states in retarded time-delayed systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the stability of unstable steady states in scalar retarded time-delayed systems subjected to a variable-delay feedback control. The important aspect of such a control problem is that time-delayed systems are already infinite-dimensional before the delayed feedback control is turned on. When the frequency of the modulation is large compared to the system's dynamics, the analytic approach consists of relating the stability properties of the resulting variable-delay system with those of an analogous distributed delay system. Otherwise, the stability domains are obtained by a numerical integration of the linearized variable-delay system. The analysis shows that the control domains are significantly larger than those in the usual time-delayed feedback control, and that the complexity of the domain structure depends on the form and the frequency of the delay modulation.

Aleksandar Gjurchinovski; Viktor Urumov

2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

356

TIME CALIBRATED OSCILLOSCOPE SWEEP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The time calibrator of an electric signal displayed on an oscilloscope is described. In contrast to the conventional technique of using time-calibrated divisions on the face of the oscilloscope, this invention provides means for directly superimposing equal time spaced markers upon a signal displayed upon an oscilloscope. More explicitly, the present invention includes generally a generator for developing a linear saw-tooth voltage and a circuit for combining a high-frequency sinusoidal voltage of a suitable amplitude and frequency with the saw-tooth voltage to produce a resultant sweep deflection voltage having a wave shape which is substantially linear with respect to time between equal time spaced incremental plateau regions occurring once each cycle of the sinusoidal voltage. The foregoing sweep voltage when applied to the horizontal deflection plates in combination with a signal to be observed applied to the vertical deflection plates of a cathode ray oscilloscope produces an image on the viewing screen which is essentially a display of the signal to be observed with respect to time. Intensified spots, or certain other conspicuous indications corresponding to the equal time spaced plateau regions of said sweep voltage, appear superimposed upon said displayed signal, which indications are therefore suitable for direct time calibration purposes.

Owren, H.M.; Johnson, B.M.; Smith, V.L.

1958-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

357

Semantics, experience and time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The computational hypothesis, with its inherent representationalism, and the dynamical hypothesis, with its apparent absence of representations and its commitment to continuous time, stand at an impasse. It is unclear how the dynamical stance can handle ... Keywords: Computation, Experience, Invariance, Semantics, Situatedness, Time

Stephen E. Robbins

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Real-time shading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time procedural shading was once seen as a distant dream. When the first version of this course was offered four years ago, real-time shading was possible, but only with one-of-a-kind hardware or by combining the effects of tens to hundreds of rendering ...

Marc Olano; Kurt Akeley; John C. Hart; Wolfgang Heidrich; Michael McCool; Jason L. Mitchell; Randi Rost

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

TIMING OF SHOCK WAVES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent relates to means for ascertaining the instant of arrival of a shock wave in an exploslve charge and apparatus utilizing this means to coordinate the timing of two operations involving a short lnterval of time. A pair of spaced electrodes are inserted along the line of an explosive train with a voltage applied there-across which is insufficient to cause discharge. When it is desired to initiate operation of a device at the time the explosive shock wave reaches a particular point on the explosive line, the device having an inherent time delay, the electrodes are located ahead of the point such that the ionization of the area between the electrodes caused by the traveling explosive shock wave sends a signal to initiate operation of the device to cause it to operate at the proper time. The operated device may be photographic equipment consisting of an x-ray illuminating tube.

Tuck, J.L.

1955-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Digital time delay  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are provided for generating an output pulse following a trigger pulse at a time delay interval preset with a resolution which is high relative to a low resolution available from supplied clock pulses. A first lumped constant delay provides a first output signal at predetermined interpolation intervals corresponding to the desired high resolution time interval. Latching circuits latch the high resolution data to form a first synchronizing data set. A selected time interval has been preset to internal counters and corrected for circuit propagation delay times having the same order of magnitude as the desired high resolution. Internal system clock pulses count down the counters to generate an internal pulse delayed by an internal which is functionally related to the preset time interval. A second LCD corrects the internal signal with the high resolution time delay. A second internal pulse is then applied to a third LCD to generate a second set of synchronizing data which is complementary with the first set of synchronizing data for presentation to logic circuits. The logic circuits further delay the internal output signal with the internal pulses. The final delayed output signal thereafter enables the output pulse generator to produce the desired output pulse at the preset time delay interval following input of the trigger pulse.

Martin, A.D.

1986-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Environment Induced Time Arrow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spread of the time arrows from the environment to an observed subsystem is followed within a harmonic model. A similarity is pointed out between irreversibility and a phase with spontaneously broken symmetry. The causal structure of interaction might be lost in the irreversible case, as well. The Closed Time Path formalism is developed for classical systems and shown to handle the time arrow problem in a clear and flexible manner. The quantum case is considered, as well, and the common origin of irreversibility and decoherence is pointed out.

Janos Polonyi

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

362

VARIABLE TIME DELAY MEANS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrically variable time delay line is described which may be readily controlled simuitaneously with variable impedance matching means coupied thereto such that reflections are prevented. Broadly, the delay line includes a signal winding about a magnetic core whose permeability is electrically variable. Inasmuch as the inductance of the line varies directly with the permeability, the time delay and characteristic impedance of the line both vary as the square root of the permeability. Consequently, impedance matching means may be varied similariy and simultaneously w:th the electrically variable permeability to match the line impedance over the entire range of time delay whereby reflections are prevented.

Clemensen, R.E.

1959-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Comparison of Four Parallel Algorithms for Domain Decomposed  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Comparison of Four Parallel Comparison of Four Parallel Algorithms for Domain Decomposed Implicit Monte Carlo Thomas A Brunner (SNL) Thomas A Brunner (SNL) Todd J. Todd J. Urbatsch Urbatsch and Thomas M. Evans (LANL) and Thomas M. Evans (LANL) Nicholas A. Gentile (LLNL) Nicholas A. Gentile (LLNL) Joint Russian-American Five-Laboratory Conference on Computational Mathematics/Physics 19-23 June 2005 Vienna, Austria Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Los Alamos National Laboratory, an affirmative action/equal opportunity employer, is operated by the University of Californian for the United States Department of Energy under contract W-7405-ENG-36.

364

Domain Decomposition for Flow in Porous Media with Fractures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this article. The fractures that we are concerned with are filled with debris so we consider them as porous media. The permeability in the fracture is large in comparison with that in the surrounding rock, so the fluid circulates faster in the fracture. Thus we have a highly heterogeneous porous medium. One idea that has been used to take this into account is to treat the fracture as an interface and to assume that the fluid that flows into the fracture stays in the fracture. In fact, in many models the contrast in permeabilities is of such an order that the flow outside of the fracture is neglected. However, here we are concerned with the situation in which the exchange between the fracture and the rest of the domain is significant. To deal with this case we need to model both what happens in the fracture and what happens outside the fracture. One

Clarisse Alboin; Jerome Jaffre; Jean Roberts; Christophe Serres

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Ion mobility spectrometer using frequency-domain separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method are provided for separating and analyzing chemical species in an ion mobility spectrometer using a frequency-domain technique wherein the ions generated from the chemical species are selectively transported through an ion flow channel having a moving electrical potential therein. The moving electrical potential allows the ions to be selected according to ion mobility, with certain of the ions being transported to an ion detector and other of the ions being effectively discriminated against. The apparatus and method have applications for sensitive chemical detection and analysis for monitoring of exhaust gases, hazardous waste sites, industrial processes, aerospace systems, non-proliferation, and treaty verification. The apparatus can be formed as a microelectromechanical device (i.e. a micromachine). 6 figs.

Martin, S.J.; Butler, M.A.; Frye, G.C.; Schubert, W.K.

1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

366

Ion mobility spectrometer using frequency-domain separation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method is provided for separating and analyzing chemical species in an ion mobility spectrometer using a frequency-domain technique wherein the ions generated from the chemical species are selectively transported through an ion flow channel having a moving electrical potential therein. The moving electrical potential allows the ions to be selected according to ion mobility, with certain of the ions being transported to an ion detector and other of the ions being effectively discriminated against. The apparatus and method have applications for sensitive chemical detection and analysis for monitoring of exhaust gases, hazardous waste sites, industrial processes, aerospace systems, non-proliferation, and treaty verification. The apparatus can be formed as a microelectromechanical device (i.e. a micromachine).

Martin, Stephen J. (Albuquerque, NM); Butler, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM); Frye, Gregory C. (Cedar Crest, NM); Schubert, W. Kent (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Time-resolved fluorescence decay measurements for flowing particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Time-resolved fluorescence decay measurements are disclosed for flowing particles. An apparatus and method for the measurement and analysis of fluorescence for individual cells and particles in flow are described, wherein the rapid measurement capabilities of flow cytometry and the robust measurement and analysis procedures of time-domain fluorescence lifetime spectroscopy are combined. A pulse-modulated CW laser is employed for excitation of the particles. The characteristics and the repetition rate of the excitation pulses can be readily adjusted to accommodate for fluorescence decays having a wide range of lifetimes. 12 figs.

Deka, C.; Steinkamp, J.A.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Time, energy & form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical manifestations of time occur in natural forms of all sizes. Architectural form serves as shelter while providing a built envelope of human life, simultaneously influencing and influenced by energetic activities ...

McInnis, Martha Jane

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Dogs and Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Question: I travel often and worry how leaving for long periods of time (and boarding my dog) will affect her. I wouldn't think that dogs could understand the concept of...

370

Wood Use Across Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?Forest products history and use ?Forest resource- the big picture ?Consumption- the big picture ?Trends forest products industry ? pulp & paper ? solid woodBack in Time ?1492 ? Columbus sailed the ocean blue! ? wood use- fuelwood American Indians ?1634: Jean Nicolet

Scott Bowe; United States Wood Use

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Technical Talks Timing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Talks Timing The technical talks should last a maximum of 15 minutes with 5 minutes for set-up and 5 minutes for Q&A. No teamgroup presentations are allowed. The objective of...

372

Domain Engineered Configuration Control Mark Ardis, Peter Dudak, Liz Dor, Wen-jenq Leu, Lloyd Nakatani, Bob Olsen,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, application engineering, domain specific language, configuration control, FAST, InfoWiz, VFSM, Tcl/Tk Abstract

Ardis, Mark

373

Use of CORRTEX to measure explosive performance and stem behavior in oil shale fragmentation tests  

SciTech Connect

Continuous Reflectometry for Radius vs Time Experiments (CORRTEX) was used to monitor several conditions of blasts such as the detonation velocity of the explosive column, the functioning of different types of initiators and initiation schemes, and the behavior of the stemming column confining the explosive. The CORRTEX data were also used to deduce the occurrence of dead-pressing of ANFO slurry. Measurements of propagation speeds of shock waves in the stem column with various cables allowed some conclusions concerning bridging, stem failure, and stress levels in the stem. CORRTEX used time-domain reflectometry to interrogate the two-way transit time (TWTT) of a coaxial cable. As the shock front advanced the cable was shorted or destroyed and the resultant TWTT was shorter. Interpretation of these changes as a function of time allowed the position of the shock front to be inferred also as a function of time. This paper describes in some detail the CORRTEX technique and how it was applied to in-situ measurements. Detonation velocities are provided for pelletized ANFO and TNT as well as various ANFO slurries. Observations are made on stem performance as well as shock propagation velocities in several stem materials. Cable characteristics and methods of cable selection are discussed as are techniques for instrumentation of complex blasts to provide initiation time and burn velocity. 3 references, 7 figures.

Schmitt, G.G.; Dick, R.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Crystal Structures of the Outer Membrane Domain of Intimin and Invasin from Enterohemorrhagic E. coli and Enteropathogenic Y. pseudotuberculosis  

SciTech Connect

Intimins and invasins are virulence factors produced by pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria. They contain C-terminal extracellular passenger domains that are involved in adhesion to host cells and N-terminal {beta} domains that are embedded in the outer membrane. Here, we identify the domain boundaries of an E. coli intimin {beta} domain and use this information to solve its structure and the {beta} domain structure of a Y. pseudotuberculosis invasin. Both {beta} domain structures crystallized as monomers and reveal that the previous range of residues assigned to the {beta} domain also includes a protease-resistant domain that is part of the passenger. Additionally, we identify 146 nonredundant representative members of the intimin/invasin family based on the boundaries of the highly conserved intimin and invasin {beta} domains. We then use this set of sequences along with our structural data to find and map the evolutionarily constrained residues within the {beta} domain.

Fairman, James W.; Dautin, Nathalie; Wojtowicz, Damian; Liu, Wei; Noinaj, Nicholas; Barnard, Travis J.; Udho, Eshwar; Przytycka, Teresa M.; Cherezov, Vadim; Buchanan, Susan K. (CUA); (Einstein); (NIH); (Scripps)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells Print The efficiency of polymerorganic photovoltaic cells hinges on excitons-electronhole pairs...

376

Characterization of III-V/Si(100) Anti-Phase Domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the specific surface orientation of APDs, evaluations of the domain composition by surface sensitive probes like low energy electron diffraction (

377

Study of the structure of ferroelectric domain walls in barium titanate ceramics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structure of 90{degree} ferroelectric domain boundaries in barium titanate ceramics has been studied by means of Transmission Electron Microscopy and High Resolution TEM. Tilts of specific fringes across domain walls are measured on HREM images and Selected Area Diffraction Patterns. They are in a good agreement with the twin model admitted for these domain boundaries. A computerized method has been developed to give access to quantitative information about atomic displacements across these ferroelectric domain walls. The so calculated displacement field is then compared with Landau-Ginzburg based theoretical predictions.

Normand, L.; Thorel, A. [Centre des Materiaux, Evry cedex (France) ; Kilaas, R. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Montardi, Y. [Rhone-Poulenc, CRA, Aubervilliers (France)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

The FUN30 Chromatin Remodeler, Fft3, Protects Centromeric and Subtelomeric Domains from Euchromatin Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The chromosomes of eukaryotes are organized into structurally and functionally discrete domains. This implies the presence of insulator elements that separate adjacent domains, allowing them to maintain different chromatin structures. We show that the Fun30 chromatin remodeler, Fft3, is essential for maintaining a proper chromatin structure at centromeres and subtelomeres. Fft3 is localized to insulator elements and inhibits euchromatin assembly in silent chromatin domains. In its absence, euchromatic histone modifications and histone variants invade centromeres and subtelomeres, causing a misregulation of gene expression and severe chromosome segregation defects. Our data strongly suggest that Fft3 controls the identity of chromatin domains by protecting these regions from euchromatin assembly.

Julian Walfridsson; Hasanuzzaman Bhuiyan; Karl Ekwall

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Quantum tunneling time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple model of a quantum clock is applied to the old and controversial problem of how long a particle takes to tunnel through a quantum barrier. The model I employ has the advantage of yielding sensible results for energy eigenstates, and does not require the use of time-dependant wave packets. Although the treatment does not forbid superluminal tunneling velocities, there is no implication of faster-than-light signaling because only the transit duration is measurable, not the absolute time of transit. A comparison is given with the weak-measurement post-selection calculations of Steinberg.

P. C. W. Davies

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

NSIT Computer Time Services: Internet Time Service (ITS) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. NIST Special Publication 250-59 NIST Computer Time Services: Internet Time Service (ITS), Automated Computer Time Service (ACTS), ...

2012-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Probabilistic timed behavior trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Behavior Tree notation has been developed as a method for systematically and traceably capturing user requirements. In this paper we extend the notation with probabilistic behaviour, so that reliability, performance, and other dependability properties ... Keywords: behavior trees, model checking, probabilities, timed automata

Robert Colvin; Lars Grunske; Kirsten Winter

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Genepool Time Heatmaps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genepool Time Heatmaps Genepool Time Heatmaps Heatmap of Time and Slots Requested vs Time Waited (in hours) | Queue: All | Last 7 Days Time Requested Slots 1wk Job Count Longest Wait 1 23.0 (233) 0.37 (1819) 27.54 (49888) 5.85 (124593) 1.23 (39835) 0.34 (732) 0 0.4 (224) 0.02 (1) 217325 538.96 2 0 0.01 (19) 2.54 (78) 0.2 (140) 0.99 (2683) 0 0 0 0 2920 9.1 4 0.08 (1) 0 2.82 (141) 0.36 (143) 1.07 (12) 0.06 (5) 0.01 (5) 0.06 (1) 1.3 (5) 313 20.48 6 0.01 (2) 0 0.09 (32) 0.07 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 35 1.22 8 0.04 (24) 4.32 (7423) 5.31 (1999) 0.53 (316) 13.14 (2486) 0.01 (2) 1.21 (88) 1.3 (34) 8.33 (68) 12440 46.16 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.56 (1) 0 1 8.56 16 0 0 0 0.03 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.03 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 (1) 1 0.01 32 0 0 0 0.04 (14) 0 0 0 0.01 (6) 0 20 0.26

383

Electromagnetic Compatibility from a Time-Frequency Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract In wireless communication, interference between two radio systems may occur when they operate at close frequency bands, sharing the same environment at the same time. Such systems coexist if both of them perform correctly in the presence of the other. To ensure their coexistence, Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is used to specify rules within standardization bodies. According to current EMC standards, the radio spectrum has been divided into non-overlapping bands often with exclusive access. However, nowadays there is a proliferation of new digital systems sharing common frequency bands because the spectrum is a limited resource. Many of them are operating in unlicensed bands regulated by The International Telecommunications Union (ITU), for example the 2.45 GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band. The frequency allocation is also changing with the emergence of digital systems and this is the case for white spaces in the broadcast television (TV) spectrum. To avoid high interference levels, it is necessary to consider some parameters related to signal variations, representing more accurately the environment. Some techniques have been proposed in the literature to reduce interference levels but they are applied to specific sharing studies. Hence, we evaluate in this paper the impact of time-frequency considerations for radio coexistence. We show that EMC studies are more precise and more representative of the reality when additional parameters relevant to the time domain are taken into account in the analysis framework. We illustrate these concepts through a specific study case. We evaluate the results for different system parameters, first considering that both of them occupy the same band and then assuming that they use overlapping but non-equal frequency bands. Index Terms Radio coexistence, electromagnetic compatibility, frequency-domain analysis, time-domain analysis.

Najett Neji; Raul De Lacerda; Alain Azoulay; Thierry Letertre

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Stability of atoms in the anionic domain (Z  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the stability and universal behaviour of the ionization energy of N-electron atoms with nuclear charge Z in the anionic domain (Z

Gil, G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Audio enabled information extraction system for cricket and hockey domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The proposed system aims at the retrieval of the summarized information from the documents collected from web based search engine as per the user query related to cricket and hockey domain. The system is designed in a manner that it takes the voice commands as keywords for search. The parts of speech in the query are extracted using the natural language extractor for English. Based on the keywords the search is categorized into 2 types: - 1.Concept wise - information retrieved to the query is retrieved based on the keywords and the concept words related to it. The retrieved information is summarized using the probabilistic approach and weighted means algorithm.2.Keyword search - extracts the result relevant to the query from the highly ranked document retrieved from the search by the search engine. The relevant search results are retrieved and then keywords are used for summarizing part. During summarization it follows the weighted and probabilistic approaches in order to identify the data comparable to the k...

Saraswathi, S; B., Sai Vamsi Krishna; S, Suresh Reddy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Timed fast charger  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a charger for rechargeable electrochemical cells, a transformer charging circuit supplies a charging current to the battery at a fast charge rate for a predetermined time followed by a continuous slow charge rate. A normally closed automatic reset thermostat in series with the rectifier diodes in the charging circuit, and thermally coupled to them, opens after a period of time, dependent upon the heat generated by the rectifier diodes and upon the thermal mass of the thermostat and diodes, and terminates the fast charge current. A resistor, shunted across the thermostat and thermally coupled to it, establishes a slow charge rate current path when the thermostat opens. Heat generated in the resistor causes the thermostat to remain open as long as the battery is connected and ac power is supplied to the transformer primary winding.

Mullersman, F.H.

1981-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

387

Internet Topology over Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are few studies that look closely at how the topology of the Internet evolves over time; most focus on snapshots taken at a particular point in time. In this paper, we investigate the evolution of the topology of the Autonomous Systems graph of the Internet, examining how eight commonly-used topological measures change from January 2002 to January 2010. We find that the distributions of most of the measures remain unchanged, except for average path length and clustering coefficient. The average path length has slowly and steadily increased since 2005 and the average clustering coefficient has steadily declined. We hypothesize that these changes are due to changes in peering policies as the Internet evolves. We also investigate a surprising feature, namely that the maximum degree has changed little, an aspect that cannot be captured without modeling link deletion. Our results suggest that evaluating models of the Internet graph by comparing steady-state generated topologies to snapshots of the real data ...

Edwards, Benjamin; Stelle, George; Forrest, Stephanie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Space Time Matter inflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a model of power-law inflationary inflation using the Space-Time-Matter (STM) theory of gravity for a five dimensional (5D) canonical metric that describes an apparent vacuum. In this approach the expansion is governed by a single scalar (neutral) quantum field. In particular, we study the case where the power of expansion of the universe is $p \\gg 1$. This kind of model is more successful than others in accounting for galaxy formation.

Mariano Anabitarte; Mauricio Bellini

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

389

SIMPLICITY OF NONCOMMUTATIVE DEDEKIND DOMAINS K. R. Goodearl and J. T. Stafford  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIMPLICITY OF NONCOMMUTATIVE DEDEKIND DOMAINS K. R. Goodearl and J. T. Stafford Abstract X 1 #12; 2 K. R. GOODEARL AND J. T. STAFFORD pR = Rp and (ii) R=P is a domain. These exist. STAFFORD We note that Lemma 4 also holds if the hypothesis \\dim k R

Akhmedov, Azer

390

Micro-and nanoscale domain engineering in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Micro- and nanoscale domain engineering in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate Vladimir Ya. Shur investigation of the domain evolution in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate during backswitched electric sources based on quasi-phase matching.11 Lithium niobate LiNbO3 (LN) and lithium tantalate LiTaO3 (LT

Byer, Robert L.

391

Policy-based self-adaptive architectures: a feasibility study in the robotics domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Robotics is a challenging domain which sometimes exhibits a clear need for self-adaptive capabilities, as such functionality offers the potential for robots to account for their unstable and unpredictable deployment domains. This paper focuses on a feasibility ... Keywords: robotic architectures, self-adaptive software

John C. Georgas; Richard N. Taylor

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Ontology-Driven construction of domain corpus with frame semantics annotations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semantic Role Labeling plays a key role in many text mining applications. The development of SRL systems for the biomedical domain is frustrated by the lack of large domain specific corpora that are labeled with semantic roles. In this paper we proposed ...

He Tan; Rajaram Kaliyaperumal; Nirupama Benis

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Building frame-based corpus on the basis of ontological domain knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semantic Role Labeling (SRL) plays a key role in many NLP applications. The development of SRL systems for the biomedical domain is frustrated by the lack of large domain-specific corpora that are labeled with semantic roles. Corpus development has been ...

He Tan; Rajaram Kaliyaperumal; Nirupama Benis

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A domain specific language to define gestures for multi-touch applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is increasingly common for software and hardware systems to support touch-based interaction. While the technology to support this interaction is still evolving, common protocols for providing consistent communication between hardware and software ... Keywords: TouchToolkit, domain specific language, domain-specific language, gesture, gesture definition language (GDL), multi-touch, multi-user, touch interaction

Shahedul Huq Khandkar; Frank Maurer

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

SafeCap Domain Language for Reasoning about Safety and Capacity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The on-going UK SAFECAP project develops modeling techniques and tools for improving railway capacity while ensuring that safety standards are maintained. This paper reports recent SAFECAP results on designing a Domain Specific Language (DSL) that will ... Keywords: railway modelling, formal verification, domain language, route-based signalling, safety

Alexei Iliasov; Alexander Romanovsky

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Magnetic thin-film split-domain current sensor-recorder  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor-recorder for recording a representation of the direction and peak amplitude of a transient current. A magnetic thin film is coated on a glass substrate under the influence of a magnetic field so that the finished film is magnetically uniaxial and anisotropic. The film is split into two oppositely magnetized contiguous domains with a central boundary by subjecting adjacent portions of the film simultaneously to magnetic fields that are opposed 180.degree.. With the split-domain sensor-recorder placed with the film plane and domain boundary either perpendicular or parallel to the expected conductive path of a transient current, the occurrence of the transient causes switching of a portion of one domain to the direction of the other domain. The amount of the switched domain portion is indicative of the amplitude of the peak current of the transient, while the particular domain that is switched is indicative of the direction of the current. The resulting domain patterns may be read with a passive magnetic tape viewer.

Hsieh, Edmund J. (Livermore, CA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Transaction-based authentication and key agreement protocol for inter-domain VoIP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an authentication and key agreement protocol to secure Voice over IP call establishment between interconnection proxies of different domains. The protocol operates on a transaction basis. Each transaction is defined as the set of operations ... Keywords: Authentication, DDoS Protection, Inter-domain VoIP, Synchronisation, VoIP security

Patrick Battistello; Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro; Cyril DelTr

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Quasineutral limit of the Euler-Poisson system for ions in a domain with boundaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the quasineutral limit of the isothermal Euler-Poisson system describing a plasma made of ions and massless electrons. The analysis is achieved in a domain of $\\R^3$ and thus extends former results by Cordier and Grenier [Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 25 (2000), pp.~1099--1113], who dealt with the same problem in a one-dimensional domain without boundary.

Grard-Varet, David; Rousset, Frdric

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Quality in use of domain-specific languages: a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Domain-Specific Languages (DSLs) are claimed to increment productivity, while reducing the required maintenance and programming expertise. In this context, DSLs usability is a key factor for its successful adoption. In this paper, we propose a systematic ... Keywords: domain-specific languages, experimental software engineering, language evaluation, software language engineering, usability

Ankica Barii?; Vasco Amaral; Miguel Goulo; Bruno Barroca

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

End-to-end QoS of X-domain pipes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-media services and other critical multi-site services (e.g. VPN) are becoming mainstream, and require a guaranteed Quality of Service (QoS). Services need to be established across several domains, often to connect multi-domain end-users. Thus, ...

Hlia Pouyllau; Stefan Haar

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

EXACT SOLUTION OF THE SIXVERTEX MODEL WITH DOMAIN WALL BOUNDARY CONDITIONS. DISORDERED PHASE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXACT SOLUTION OF THE SIX­VERTEX MODEL WITH DOMAIN WALL BOUNDARY CONDITIONS. DISORDERED PHASE PAVEL M. BLEHER AND VLADIMIR V. FOKIN Abstract. The six­vertex model, or the square ice model, with domain to obtain the large N asymptotics of the six­vertex model with DWBC in the disordered phase. The solution

402

An efficient, robust, domain-decomposition algorithm for particle Monte Carlo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A previously described algorithm [T.A. Brunner, T.J. Urbatsch, T.M. Evans, N.A. Gentile, Comparison of four parallel algorithms for domain decomposed implicit Monte Carlo, Journal of Computational Physics 212 (2) (2006) 527-539] for doing domain decomposed ... Keywords: Monte Carlo methods, Neutron transport, Parallel computation, Radiative transfer

Thomas A. Brunner; Patrick S. Brantley

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Model driven middleware: A new paradigm for developing distributed real-time and embedded systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed real-time and embedded (DRE) systems have become critical in domains such as avionics (e.g., flight mission computers), telecommunications (e.g., wireless phone services), tele-medicine (e.g., robotic surgery), and defense applications (e.g., ... Keywords: CCM: CORBA component model, D&C: Deployment and configuration, MDM: Model driven middleware

Aniruddha Gokhale; Krishnakumar Balasubramanian; Arvind S. Krishna; Jaiganesh Balasubramanian; George Edwards; Gan Deng; Emre Turkay; Jeffrey Parsons; Douglas C. Schmidt

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Recognising Visual Patterns to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recognising Visual Patterns to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data Jin Yu, Jim Hunter, Ehud analogue channels are sampled once per second and archived by the Tiger system for monitoring gas turbines that it is very important to identify such patterns in any attempt at summarisation. In the gas turbine domain

Reiter, Ehud

405

A novel statistical time-series pattern based interval forecasting strategy for activity durations in workflow systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasting workflow activity durations is of great importance to support satisfactory QoS in workflow systems. Traditionally, a workflow system is often designed to facilitate the process automation in a specific application domain where activities ... Keywords: Activity duration, Interval forecasting, Statistical time series, Time-series patterns, Workflow system

Xiao Liu; Zhiwei Ni; Dong Yuan; Yuanchun Jiang; Zhangjun Wu; Jinjun Chen; Yun Yang

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells Print The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells Print The efficiency of polymer/organic photovoltaic cells hinges on excitons-electron/hole pairs energized by sunlight-getting to the interfaces of donor and acceptor domains quickly, before recombining. At the interfaces, they become free charges that must then reach device electrodes. With the discovery of mixed domains of donor and acceptor molecules, many have pictured the excitons' journey as easy (interfaces are everywhere) but the charges' journey as precarious (interfaces are everywhere). Instead, using a combination of x-ray scattering and microscopy techniques, researchers have found that excitons may actually not fare so well in mixed domains but need access to pure aggregates to efficiently convert into charges. The smaller the aggregates, the better, allowing increased interfacial area and dramatic increases in device performance.

407

The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells Print The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells Print The efficiency of polymer/organic photovoltaic cells hinges on excitons-electron/hole pairs energized by sunlight-getting to the interfaces of donor and acceptor domains quickly, before recombining. At the interfaces, they become free charges that must then reach device electrodes. With the discovery of mixed domains of donor and acceptor molecules, many have pictured the excitons' journey as easy (interfaces are everywhere) but the charges' journey as precarious (interfaces are everywhere). Instead, using a combination of x-ray scattering and microscopy techniques, researchers have found that excitons may actually not fare so well in mixed domains but need access to pure aggregates to efficiently convert into charges. The smaller the aggregates, the better, allowing increased interfacial area and dramatic increases in device performance.

408

The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells Print The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells Print The efficiency of polymer/organic photovoltaic cells hinges on excitons-electron/hole pairs energized by sunlight-getting to the interfaces of donor and acceptor domains quickly, before recombining. At the interfaces, they become free charges that must then reach device electrodes. With the discovery of mixed domains of donor and acceptor molecules, many have pictured the excitons' journey as easy (interfaces are everywhere) but the charges' journey as precarious (interfaces are everywhere). Instead, using a combination of x-ray scattering and microscopy techniques, researchers have found that excitons may actually not fare so well in mixed domains but need access to pure aggregates to efficiently convert into charges. The smaller the aggregates, the better, allowing increased interfacial area and dramatic increases in device performance.

409

Argonne CNM News: Study of Ferroelectric Domain Walls Offers a New  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Study of Ferroelectric Domain Walls Offers a New Nanoscale Conduction Path Study of Ferroelectric Domain Walls Offers a New Nanoscale Conduction Path Scanning tunneling microscopy tips SPM images of the (110) surface of cleaved h-HoMnO3. (top) PFM image showing in-plane ferroelectric domains (oriented vertically, red arrows). (bottom) cAFM image showing enhanced conduction along tail-to-tail domain walls; images are 4 microns per side. Facility users from Rutgers University together with the Center for Nanoscale Materials' Electronic & Magnetic Materials & Devices Group have identified two-dimensional sheets of charge formed at the boundaries of ferroelectric domains in a multiferroic material. These two-dimensional charged sheets are not pinned by unstable defects, chemical dopants, or structural interface, but are formed naturally as the inevitable

410

Non-equilibrium raft-like membrane domains under continuous recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a model for the kinetics of spontaneous membrane domain (raft) assembly that includes the effect of membrane recycling ubiquitous in living cells. We show that the domains have a broad power-law distribution with an average radius that scales with the 1/4 power of the domain lifetime when the line tension at the domain edges is large. For biologically reasonable recycling and diffusion rates the average domain radius is in the tens of nm range, consistent with observations. This represents one possible link between signaling (involving rafts) and traffic (recycling) in cells. Finally, we present evidence that suggests that the average raft size may be the same for all scale-free recycling schemes.

Matthew S. Turner; Pierre Sens; Nicholas D. Socci

2005-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

411

Instrumentation techniques for monitoring shock and detonation waves  

SciTech Connect

CORRTEX (Continuous Reflectometry for Radius Versus Time Experiments), SLIFER (Shorted Location Indication by Frequency of Electrical Resonance), and pin probes were used to monitor several conditions of blasting such as the detonation velocity of the explosive, the functioning of the stemming column confining the explosive, and rock mass motion. CORRTEX is a passive device that employs time-domain reflectometry to interrogate the two-way transit time of a coaxial cable. SLIFER is an active device that monitors the changing frequency resulting from a change in length of a coaxial cable forming an element of an oscillator circuit. Pin probes in this application consist of RG-174 coaxial cables, each with an open circuit, placed at several known locations within the material. Each cable is connected to a pulse-forming network and a voltage source. When the cables are shorted by the advancing wave, time-distance data are produced from which a velocity can be computed. This paper describes each technique, installation of the gauge, examples of the signals, and interpretation of the records. 11 refs., 11 figs.

Dick, R.D.; Parrish, R.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

QUADRENNIAL MCNP TIMING STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Los Alamos National Laboratory Monte Carlo N-Particle radiation transport code, MCNP, is widely used around the world for many radiation protection and shielding applications. As a well-known standard it is also an excellent vehicle for assessing the relative performance of scientific computing platforms. Every three-to-four years a new version of MCNP is released internationally by the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. For each of the past few releases, we have also done a timing study to assess the progress of scientific computing platforms and software. These quadrennial timing studies are valuable to the radiation protection and shielding community because (a) they are performed by a recognized scientific team, not a computer vendor, (b) they use an internationally recognized code for radiation protection and shielding calculations, (c) they are eminently reproducible since the code and the test problems are internationally distributed. Further, if one has a computer platform, operating system, or compiler not presented in our results, its performance is directly comparable to the ones we report because it can use the same code, data, and test problems as we used. Our results, using a single processor per platform, indicate that hardware advances during the past three years have improved performance by less than a factor of two and software improvements have had a marginal effect on performance. The most significant impacts on performance have resulted from developments in multiprocessing and multitasking. The other most significant advance in the last three years has been the accelerated improvements in personal computers. In the last timing study, the tested personal computer was approximately a factor of four slower that the fastest machine tested, a DEC Alphastation 500. In the present study, the fastest PC tested was less than a factor of two slower than the fastest platform, which is a Compaq (previously DEC) Alpha XP1000.

E. C. SELCOW; B. D. LANSRUD

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Exploiting VERITAS Timing Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 499 pixel photomultiplier cameras of the VERITAS gamma ray telescopes are instrumented with 500MHz sampling Flash ADCs. This paper describes a preliminary investigation of the best methods by which to exploit this information so as to optimize the signal-to-noise ratio for the detection of Cherenkov light pulses. The FADCs also provide unprecedented resolution for the study of the timing characteristics of Cherenkov images of cosmic-ray and gamma-ray air showers. This capability is discussed, together with the implications for gamma-hadron separation.

J. Holder; for the VERITAS Collaboration

2005-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

414

Studies of signaling domains in model and biological membranes through advanced imaging techniques: final report.  

SciTech Connect

Cellular membranes have complex lipid and protein structures that are laterally organized for optimized molecular recognition and signal transduction processes. Knowledge of nanometer-scale lateral organization and its function is of great importance in the analysis of receptor-based signaling. In model membranes, we studied in detail the chemical and physical factors which result in lateral organization of lipids and lipid-mediated protein sequestration into signaling domains. In biological membranes, we mapped the location and follow the dynamic activity of specific membrane proteins involved in the immunological response of mast cells. These studies were enabled by our development of advanced imaging methods that provided both high spatial resolution and sensitivity to dynamical processes. Our technical approach was to combine the high sensitivity and time resolution of fluorescence imaging with the high lateral resolution of atomic force microscopy (AFM). Simultaneous fluorescence and AFM imaging allows correlation of the distribution and dynamic activity of specific biomolecules via fluorescence labeling with complete topographic information of the membrane. Overall, our unique imaging capabilities enabled us to examine membrane structure and function with much greater detail than was previously possible and thus provide a better understanding of cellular signaling.

Oliver, Janet (University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM); Pfeiffer, Janet (New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM); Wilson, Bridget (University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM); Burns, Alan Richard

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

An Efficient Analytical Solution to Thwart DDoS Attacks in Public Domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, an analytical model for DDoS attacks detection is proposed, in which propagation of abrupt traffic changes inside public domain is monitored to detect a wide range of DDoS attacks. Although, various statistical measures can be used to construct profile of the traffic normally seen in the network to identify anomalies whenever traffic goes out of profile, we have selected volume and flow measure. Consideration of varying tolerance factors make proposed detection system scalable to the varying network conditions and attack loads in real time. NS-2 network simulator on Linux platform is used as simulation testbed. Simulation results show that our proposed solution gives a drastic improvement in terms of detection rate and false positive rate. However, the mammoth volume generated by DDoS attacks pose the biggest challenge in terms of memory and computational overheads as far as monitoring and analysis of traffic at single point connecting victim is concerned. To address this problem, a distributed...

Gupta, B B; Misra, Manoj; 10.1145/1523103.1523203

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Blind Separation of Underdetermined Convolutive Mixtures Using Their TimeFrequency Representation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers the blind separation of nonstationary sources in the underdetermined convolutive mixture case. We introduce, two methods based on the sparsity assumption of the sources in the time-frequency (TF) domain. The first one assumes that ... Keywords: Blind source separation (BSS), convolutive mixture, sparse signal decomposition/representation, speech signals, subspace projection, timefrequency distribution (TFD), underdetermined/overcomplete representation, vector clustering

A. Aissa-El-Bey; K. Abed-Meraim; Y. Grenier

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Stabilized space---time computation of wind-turbine rotor aerodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show how we use the Deforming-Spatial-Domain/Stabilized Space---Time (DSD/SST) formulation for accurate 3D computation of the aerodynamics of a wind-turbine rotor. As the test case, we use the NREL 5MW offshore baseline wind-turbine rotor. This class ... Keywords: DSD/SST formulation, Rotating turbulent flow, Space---time variational multiscale method, Torque values, Wind-turbine aerodynamics

Kenji Takizawa; Bradley Henicke; Tayfun E. Tezduyar; Ming-Chen Hsu; Yuri Bazilevs

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A domain flip as a result of a single amino-acid substitution.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

BACKGROUND: The self-assembly properties of beta domains are important features of diverse classes of proteins that include cell-adhesion molecules, surface receptors and the immunoglobulin superfamily. Immunoglobulin light-chain variable domains are well suited to the study of structural factors that determine dimerization, including how residues at the interface influence the preferred dimer arrangement. RESULTS: Single-site mutants of light-chain variable domain Len, designated LenQ38E and LenK30T, formed 'flipped' dimers in which one domain was rotated by about 180 degrees compared with the native protein. The dimer in the native protein is similar to that found between variable domains in Fab immunoglobulin fragments. When compared to the native dimer, more surface area is buried, and more hydrogen bonds and salt bridges are formed between the monomers in the flipped conformation. CONCLUSIONS: Immunoglobulin light-chain variable domains can form a minimum of two distinct quaternary structures. Single-site mutations resulting from changes of one base, such as the exchange of Gln38 to Glu or Lys30 to Thr, change the 'conventional' dimer of protein Len to a flipped arrangement. Native Len is not found in the flipped-domain dimer conformation because it would have excess positive electrostatic potential at the dimer interface that is not compensated by other forces. Excess negative or positive electrostatic potential at the dimer interface can have a determining effect on the mode of dimerization.

Polluluri, P. R.; Huang, D.-B.; Raffen, R.; Cai, X.; Johnson, G.; Wilkins-Stevens, P.; Stevens, F. J.; Schiffer, M.; Center for Mechanistic Biology and Biotechnology

1998-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Good Timing: NIST/CU Collaboration Adds Timing Capability ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... With the added capability to track the timing of dynamic biochemical reactions, cell ... to measure sensor signals at two points in time at a rate of up to ...

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

420

A Time Bucket Formulation for the TSP with Time Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 10, 2009 ... The Traveling Salesman Problem with Time Windows (TSPTW) is the problem of finding a ... To obtain a good partition of the time windows, we.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Australasian Medical Journal [AMJ 2012, 5, 9, 478-481] Extractive summarisation of medical documents using domain knowledge and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Australasian Medical Journal [AMJ 2012, 5, 9, 478-481] 478 Extractive summarisation of medical documents using domain knowledge and corpus. Extractive summarisation of medical documents using domain knowledge and corpus

Aliod, Diego Mollá

422

Structure of the cytoplasmic domain of Yersinia pestis YscD, an essential component of the type III secretion system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Yersinia pestis YscD protein is an essential component of the type III secretion system. YscD consists of an N-terminal cytoplasmic domain (residues 1-121), a transmembrane linker (122-142) and a large periplasmic domain (143-419). Both the cytoplasmic and the periplasmic domains are required for the assembly of the type III secretion system. Here, the structure of the YscD cytoplasmic domain solved by SAD phasing is presented. Although the three-dimensional structure is similar to those of forkhead-associated (FHA) domains, comparison with the structures of canonical FHA domains revealed that the cytoplasmic domain of YscD lacks the conserved residues that are required for binding phosphothreonine and is therefore unlikely to function as a true FHA domain.

Lountos, George T.; Tropea, Joseph E.; Waugh, David S. (SAIC); (NCI)

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

423

Reproducible domain wall pinning by linear non-topographic features in a ferromagnetic nanowire  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate that for multilayered magnetic nanowires, where the thickness and composition of the individual layers have been carefully chosen, domain walls can be pinned at non-topographic sites created purely by ion irradiation in a focused ion beam system. The pinning results from irradiation induced alloying leading to magnetic property modification only in the affected regions. Using Lorentz transmission electron microscopy, we have studied the pinning behavior of domain walls at the irradiation sites. Depending on the irradiation dose, a single line feature not only pinned the domain walls but also acted to control their structure and the strength of their pinning.

Basith, M. A.; McVitie, S.; McGrouther, D.; Chapman, J. N. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

424

Semantic Filtering by inference on domain knowledge in spoken language dialogue systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General natural dialogue processing requires large amounts of domain knowledge as well as linguistic knowledge in order to ensure acceptable coverage and understanding. There are several ways of integrating lexical resources (e.g. dictionaries, thesauri) and knowledge bases or ontologies at different levels of dialogue processing. We concentrate in this paper on how to exploit domain knowledge for filtering interpretation hypotheses generated by a robust semantic parser. We use domain knowledge to semantically constrain the hypothesis space. Moreover, adding an inference mechanism allows us to complete the interpretation when information is not explicitly available. Further, we discuss briefly how this can be generalized towards a predictive natural interactive system.

Afzal Ballim; Vincenzo Pallotta

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Monte Carlo simulation of ferroelectric domain structure: Electrostatic and elastic strain energy contributions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A lattice-Monte Carlo approach was developed to simulate ferroelectric domain behavior. The model utilizes a Hamiltonian for the total energy that includes electrostatic terms (involving dipole-dipole interactions, local polarization gradients, and applied electric field), and elastic strain energy. The contributions of these energy components to the domain structure and to the overall applied field response of the system were examined. In general, the model exhibited domain structure characteristics consistent with those observed in a tetragonally distorted ferroelectric. Good qualitative agreement between the appearance of simulated electrical hysteresis loops and those characteristic of real ferroelectric materials was found.

POTTER JR.,BARRETT G.; TUTTLE,BRUCE A.; TIKARE,VEENA

2000-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

426

How to Determine if Your Computer is Part of a Domain -Windows XP Page 1 of 3 How to Determine if Your Computer is Part of a Domain -Windows XP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How to Determine if Your Computer is Part of a Domain - Windows XP Page 1 of 3 How to Determine if Your Computer is Part of a Domain - Windows XP Last Update: 11/28/2011 1. Click the Windows Start: #12;How to Determine if Your Computer is Part of a Domain - Windows XP Page 2 of 3 4. From the popup

Mladenoff, David

427

OCLh: a sound and supportive planning domain modelling language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The Dynamic Utilization of Substation Measurements to Maintain Power System Observability Y. Wu in real-time to obtain electrical network topology. In a conventional NTP, many substation measurements connectivity of substation devices, and then dynamically searches for solutions to calculate branch and bus

McCluskey, Thomas Leo

428

The Heliosphere in Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of the dynamic nature of the interstellar medium, the Sun should have encountered a variety of different interstellar environments in its lifetime. As the solar wind interacts with the surrounding interstellar medium to form a heliosphere, different heliosphere shapes, sizes, and particle contents result from the different environments. Some of the large possible interstellar parameter space (density, velocity, temperature) is explored here with the help of global heliosphere models, and the features in the resulting heliospheres are compared and discussed. The heliospheric size, expressed as distance of the nose of the heliopause to the Sun, is set by the solar wind - interstellar pressure balance, even for extreme cases. Other heliospheric boundary locations and neutral particle results correlate with the interstellar parameters as well. If the H0 clouds identified in the Millennium Arecibo survey are typical of clouds encountered by the Sun, then the Sun spends ~99.4% of the time in warm low density ISM, where the typical upwind heliosphere radii are up to two orders of magnitude larger than at present.

H. -R. Mller; P. C. Frisch; B. D. Fields; G. P. Zank

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

429

Creating a specific domain ontology for supporting R&D in the science-based sector - The case of biosensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In science-based and technology-intensive projects, knowledge management challenges require a tentative and cautious review of the technological domains, as well as, venues to monitor and assess the way those domains evolve, emerge, mature, and decline. ... Keywords: Biosensor, Domain ontology, Engineering knowledge, Meta-modeling

Fragiskos A. Batzias; Christina G. Siontorou

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

NIST Time Scale Data Archive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Time Scale Data Archive. ... The AT1 scale is run in real time using data from an ensemble of cesium standards and hydrogen masers. ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

431

Time and Frequency Division Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Controlled ClocksTelephone TimeDivision HistoryFrequently Asked Questions (FAQ)Time and Frequency from A to Z: An illustrated glossaryA Walk ...

2013-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

432

Time dependent Directional Profit Model for Financial Time Series Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time dependent Directional Profit Model for Financial Time Series Forecasting Jingtao YAO Chew Lim@comp.nus.edu.sg Abstract Goodness­of­fit is the most popular criterion for neural network time series forecasting. In the context of financial time series forecasting, we are not only concerned at how good the forecasts fit

Yao, JingTao

433

U-098: ISC BIND Deleted Domain Name Resolving Vulnerability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

098: ISC BIND Deleted Domain Name Resolving Vulnerability 098: ISC BIND Deleted Domain Name Resolving Vulnerability U-098: ISC BIND Deleted Domain Name Resolving Vulnerability February 8, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability has been reported in ISC BIND, which can be exploited by malicious people to bypass certain security restrictions. PLATFORM: ISC BIND 9.2.x ISC BIND 9.3.x ISC BIND 9.4.x ISC BIND 9.5.x ISC BIND 9.6.x ISC BIND 9.7.x ISC BIND 9.8.x ABSTRACT: The vulnerability is caused due to an error within the cache update policy. reference LINKS: Original Advisory Secunia Advisory SA47884 CVE-2012-1033 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: Researchers discovered a vulnerability affecting the large majority of popular DNS implementations which allows a malicious domain name to stay resolvable long after it has been removed from the upper level servers. The

434

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

435

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

436

Filet-o-fish: practical and dependable domain-specific languages for OS development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address a persistent problem with using domain-specific languages to write operating systems: the effort of implementing, checking, and debugging the DSL usually outweighs any of its benefits. Because these DSLs generate C by templated string concatenation, ...

Pierre-Evariste Dagand; Andrew Baumann; Timothy Roscoe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Filet-o-Fish: practical and dependable domain-specific languages for OS development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address a persistent problem with using domain-specific languages to write operating systems: the effort of implementing, checking, and debugging the DSL usually outweighs any of its benefits. Because these DSLs generate C by templated string concatenation, ...

Pierre-Evariste Dagand; Andrew Baumann; Timothy Roscoe

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Estimation of Atmospheric Energetics in the Frequency Domain during the FGGE Year  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energetics of atmospheric motions are studied in the frequency domain using the two versions of the FGGE IIIb dataset, processed at GFDL and ECMWF. It is demonstrated that the frequency spectra of kinetic energy (KE) and available potential ...

Jian Sheng; Yoshikazu Hayashi

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

440

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires Print The quest to increase both computer data-storage density and the speed at which one can read and write the information remains unconsummated. One novel concept is based on the use of a local electric current to push magnetic domain walls along a thin nanowire. A German, Korean, Berkeley Lab team has used the x-ray microscope XM-1 at the ALS to demonstrate that magnetic domain walls in curved permalloy nanowires can be moved at high speed by injecting nanosecond pulses of spin-polarized currents into the wires, but the motion is largely stochastic. This result will have an impact on the current development of magnetic storage devices in which data is moved electronically rather than mechanically as in computer disk drives.

442

A Multi-agent Paradigm for the Inter-domain Demand Allocation Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Market liberalisation and increasing demands for the allocation of services which span several networks are pushing every network operator to evolve the way of interacting with peer operators. The Inter-domain Demand Allocation (IDA) process is a very ...

Monique Calisti; Boi Faltings

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Comparison of Cumulus Parameterizations and Entrainment Using Domain-Mean Wind Divergence in a Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several different cumulus parameterizations are compared in a 10-day regional model simulation over the tropical Americas in northern summer. A simple bulk diagnostic test is devised, comparing the model's preferred domain-mean wind divergence ...

Brian E. Mapes; Thomas T. Warner; Mei Xu; David J. Gochis

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Computation of Domain-Averaged Irradiance Using Satellite-Derived Cloud Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The respective errors caused by the gamma-weighted two-stream approximation and the effective thickness approximation for computing the domain-averaged broadband shortwave irradiance are evaluated using cloud optical thicknesses derived from 1 h ...

Seiji Kato; Fred G. Rose; Thomas P. Charlock

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

An Improved High-Resolution Processing Method for a Frequency Domain Interferometric Imaging (FII) Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Frequency hopping [also recently called range imaging (RIM) or frequency domain interferometric imaging (FII)] is a pulse compression technique used to improve the range resolution ?r of Doppler radars limited by their minimum transmitted pulse ...

Lydi Sma; Hubert Luce; Michel Crochet; Shoichiro Fukao

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Tandem SAM Domain Structure of Human Caskin1: A Presynaptic, Self-Assembling Scaffold for CASK  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The synaptic scaffolding proteins CASK and Caskin1 are part of the fibrous mesh of proteins that organize the active zones of neural synapses. CASK binds to a region of Caskin1 called the CASK interaction domain (CID). Adjacent to the CID, Caskin1 contains two tandem sterile a motif (SAM) domains. Many SAM domains form polymers so they are good candidates for forming the fibrous structures seen in the active zone. We show here that the SAM domains of Caskin1 form a new type of SAM helical polymer. The Caskin1 polymer interface exhibits a remarkable segregation of charged residues, resulting in a high sensitivity to ionic strength in vitro. The Caskin1 polymers can be decorated with CASK proteins, illustrating how these proteins may work together to organize the cytomatrix in active zones.

Stafford, Ryan L.; Hinde, Elizabeth; Knight, Mary Jane; Pennella, Mario A.; Ear, Jason; Digman, Michelle A.; Gratton, Enrico; Bowie, James U. (UCI); (UCLA)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

447

X-Ray Imaging Current-Driven Magnetic Domain-Wall Motion in Nanowires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

information (0 and 1). A short pulse of electric current pushes the domains through the wire to a fixed readout sensor. Invented at IBM, racetrack memory so far has neither high...

448

Mapping the synapse : synthesis and validation of chemical probes for interrogating PDZ domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Macromolecular protein complexes at neuronal synapses are critical for establishing synaptic plasticity, which is the basis of information storage in the brain. These complexes consist of many PDZ domain-containing proteins. ...

Iskenderian-Epps, Wendy S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

TEA - a linear frequency domain finite element model for tidal embayment analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A frequency domain (harmonic) finite element model is developed for the numerical prediction of depth average circulation within small embayments. Such embayments are often characterized by irregular boundaries and bottom ...

Westerink, Joannes J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Green's matrices of second order elliptic systems with measurable coefficients in two dimensional domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study Green's matrices for divergence form, second order strongly elliptic systems with bounded measurable coefficients in two dimensional domains. We establish existence, uniqueness, and pointwise estimates of the Green's matrices.

Dong, Hongjie

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Electric field control of domain wall propagation in Pt/Co/GdOx films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of a gate voltage on domain wall (DW) propagation is investigated in ultrathin Pt/Co/gadolinium oxide (GdOx) films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The DW propagation field can be enhanced or retarded ...

Bauer, Uwe

452

Spectral discrimination of breast pathologies in situ using spatial frequency domain imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

domain imaging. Breast Cancer Research 2013 15:R61. Page 13Laughney et al. Breast Cancer Research 2013, 15:R61 http://Laughney et al. Breast Cancer Research 2013, 15:R61 http://

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Impact of Domain Size on Modeled Ozone Forecast for the Northeastern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the impact of model domain extent and the specification of lateral boundary conditions on the forecast quality of air pollution constituents in a specific region of interest. A developmental version of the national Air ...

Pius Lee; Daiwen Kang; Jeff McQueen; Marina Tsidulko; Mary Hart; Geoff DiMego; Nelson Seaman; Paula Davidson

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

An investigation of emergent collaboration under uncertainty and minimal information in energy domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the phenomenon of evolution of cooperation in the electricity domain, where self-interested agents representing distributed energy resources (DERs) strategize for maximizing payoff. From the system's viewpoint cooperation represents a solution ...

Radu-Casian Mihailescu; Matteo Vasirani; Sascha Ossowski

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

In-domain relation discovery with meta-constraints via posterior regularization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel approach to discovering relations and their instantiations from a collection of documents in a single domain. Our approach learns relation types by exploiting meta-constraints that characterize the general qualities of a good ...

Harr Chen; Edward Benson; Tahira Naseem; Regina Barzilay

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

In-domain relation discovery with meta-constraints via posterior regularization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a novel approach to discovering relations and their instantiations from a collection of documents in a single domain. Our approach learns relation types by exploiting meta-constraints that characterize the general ...

Chen, Harr

457

Phase Behavior and Domain Size in Sphingomyelin-Containing Lipid Bilayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Membrane raft size measurements are crucial to understanding the stability and functionality of rafts in cells. The challenge of accurately measuring raft size is evidenced by the disparate reports of domain sizes, which range from nanometers to microns for the ternary model membrane system sphingomyelin (SM)/1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC)/cholesterol (Chol). Using F rster resonance energy transfer (FRET) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), we established phase diagrams for porcine brain SM (bSM)/dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC)/Chol and bSM/POPC/Chol at 15 and 25 C. By combining two techniqueswith different spatial sensitivities, namely FRET and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS),we have significantly narrowed the uncertainty in domain size estimates for bSM/POPC/Chol mixtures. Compositional trends in FRET data revealed coexisting domains at 15 and 25 C for bothmixtures, while SANS measurements detected no domain formation for bSM/POPC/Chol. Together these results indicate that liquid domains in bSM/POPC/Chol are between 2 and 7 nmin radius at 25 C: that is, domains must be on the order of the 2 6 nmF rster distance of the FRET probes, but smaller than the ~7 nm minimum cluster size detectable with SANS. However, for palmitoyl SM (PSM)/POPC/Chol at a similar composition, SANS detected coexisting liquid domains. This increase in domain size upon replacing the natural SMcomponent (which consists of amixture of chain lengths) with synthetic PSM, suggests a role for SM chain length in modulating raft size in vivo.

Petruzielo, Robin S [Cornell University; Heberle, Frederick A [ORNL; Drazba, Paul [ORNL; Katsaras, John [ORNL; Feigenson, Gerald [Cornell University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

An extension of the relational data model to incorporate ordered domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend the relational data model to incorporate partial orderings into data domains, which we call the ordered relational model. Within the extended model, we define the partially ordered relational algebra (the PORA) by allowing the ordering predicate ... Keywords: Axiom system, chase rules, implication problem, language expressiveness, lexicographical ordering, mixed ordering, nonuniform completeness, order-preserving database automorphism, ordered SQL, ordered functional dependencies, ordered relational model, ordered relations, partially ordered domains, partially ordered relational algebra, pointwise ordering, tableaux, valuation mapping

Wilfred Ng

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Agile enterprise software development using domain-driven design and test first  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present the experience gained and lessons learned when the IT department at Statoil ASA, a large Oil and Gas company in Norway, applied Domain-Driven design techniques in combination with agile software development practices to assess ... Keywords: PL/SQL, agile software development, domain-driven design, object databases, object-relational mapping, oracle, relational databases, test driven design, test first, versant

Einar Landre; Harald Wesenberg; Jorn Olmheim

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Stabilization of solutions of quasilinear second order parabolic equations in domains with non-compact boundaries  

SciTech Connect

The first mixed problem with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition and initial function with compact support is considered for quasilinear second order parabolic equations in a cylindrical domain D=(0,{infinity})x{Omega}. Upper bounds are obtained, which give the rate of decay of the solutions as t{yields}{infinity} as a function of the geometry of the unbounded domain {Omega} subset of R{sub n}, n{>=}2. Bibliography: 18 titles.

Karimov, Ruslan Kh [Institute of Applied Research, Sterlitamak (Russian Federation); Kozhevnikova, Larisa M [Sterlitamak State Pedagogical Academy, Sterlitamak (Russian Federation)

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The C-Terminal RpoN Domain of sigma54 Forms an unpredictedHelix-Turn-Helix Motif Similar to domains of sigma70  

SciTech Connect

The ''{delta}'' subunit of prokaryotic RNA-polymerase allows gene-specific transcription initiation. Two {sigma} families have been identified, {sigma}{sup 70} and {sigma}{sup 54}, which use distinct mechanisms to initiate transcription and share no detectable sequence homology. Although the {sigma}{sup 70}-type factors have been well characterized structurally by x-ray crystallography, no high-resolution structural information is available for the {sigma}{sup 54}-type factors. Here we present the NMR derived structure of the C-terminal domain of {sigma}{sup 54} from Aquifex aeolicus. This domain (Thr323 to Gly389), which contains the highly conserved RpoN box sequence, consists of a poorly structured N-terminal tail followed by a three-helix bundle, which is surprisingly similar to domains of the {sigma}{sup 70}-type proteins. Residues of the RpoN box, which have previously been shown to be critical for DNA binding, form the second helix of an unpredicted helix-turn-helix motif. This structure's homology with other DNA binding proteins, combined with previous biochemical data, suggest how the C-terminal domain of {sigma}{sup 54} binds to DNA.

Doucleff, Michaeleen; Malak, Lawrence T.; Pelton, Jeffrey G.; Wemmer, David E.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Importance of Domain Size The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells The Importance of Domain Size and Purity in High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells Print Wednesday, 27 March 2013 00:00 The efficiency of polymer/organic photovoltaic cells hinges on excitons-electron/hole pairs energized by sunlight-getting to the interfaces of donor and acceptor domains quickly, before recombining. At the interfaces, they become free charges that must then reach device electrodes. With the discovery of mixed domains of donor and acceptor molecules, many have pictured the excitons' journey as easy (interfaces are everywhere) but the charges' journey as precarious (interfaces are everywhere). Instead, using a combination of x-ray scattering and microscopy techniques, researchers have found that excitons may actually not fare so well in mixed domains but need access to pure aggregates to efficiently convert into charges. The smaller the aggregates, the better, allowing increased interfacial area and dramatic increases in device performance.

463

Integrative curriculum reform, domain dependent knowing, and teachers` epistemological theories: Implications for middle-level teaching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrative curriculum as both a theoretical construct and a practical reality, and as a theme-based, problem-centered, democratic way of schooling, is becoming more widely considered as a feasible alternative to traditional middle-level curricula. Importantly for teaching and learning, domain dependence requires teachers to view one area of knowledge as fully interdependent with other areas of knowledge during the learning process. This requires teachers to adopt personal epistemological theories that reflect integrative, domain dependent knowing. This study explored what happened when teachers from highly traditional domain independent school settings encountered an ambitious college-level curriculum project that was designed to help the teachers understand the potential that integrative, domain dependent teaching holds for precollege settings. This study asked: What influence does an integrative, domain dependent curriculum project have on teachers` domain independent, epistemological theories for teaching and learning? Finding an answer to this question is essential if we, as an educational community, are to understand how integrative curriculum theory is transformed by teachers into systemic curriculum reform. The results suggest that the integrative curriculum project that teachers participated in did not explicitly alter their classroom practices in a wholesale manner. Personal epistemological theories of teachers collectively precluded teachers from making any wholesale changes in their individual classroom teaching. However, teachers became aware of integrative curriculum as an alternative, and they expressed interest in infusing integrative practices into their classrooms as opportunities arise.

Powell, R.R. [Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States). College of Education

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Structural Insights into the Functional Role of the Hcn Sub-domain of the Receptor-Binding Domain of the Botulinum Neurotoxin Mosaic Serotype C/D  

SciTech Connect

Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), the causative agent of the deadly neuroparalytic disease botulism, is the most poisonous protein known for humans. Produced by different strains of the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum, BoNT effects cellular intoxication via a multistep mechanism executed by the three modules of the activated protein. Endocytosis, the first step of cellular intoxication, is triggered by the ~50 kDa, heavy-chain receptor-binding module (HCR) that is specific for a ganglioside and a protein receptor on neuronal cell surfaces. This dual receptor recognition mechanism between BoNT and the host cells membrane is well documented and occurs via specific intermolecular interactions with the C-terminal sub-domain, Hcc, of BoNT-HCR. The N-terminal sub-domain of BoNT-HCR, Hcn, comprises ~50% of BoNT-HCR and adopts a B-sheet jelly roll fold. While suspected in assisting cell surface recognition, no unambiguous function for the Hcn sub-domain in BoNT has been indentified. To obtain insights into the potential function of the Hcn sub-domain in BoNT, the first crystal structure of a BoNT with an organic ligand bound to the Hcn sub-domain has been obtained. Here, we describe the crystal structure of BoNT/CD-HCR determined at 1.70 resolution with a tetraethylene glycol (PG4) molecule bound in an hydrophobic cleft between B-strands in the B-sheet jelly fold roll of the Hcn sub-domain. The molecule is completely engulfed in the cleft, making numerous hydrophobic (Y932, S959, W966, and D1042) and hydrophilic (S935, W977, L979, N1013, and I1066) contacts with the proteins side chain and backbone that may mimic in vivo interactions with the phospholipid membranes on neuronal cell surfaces. A sulfate ion was also observed bound to residues T1176, D1177, K1196, and R1243 in the Hcc sub-domain of BoNT/CD-HCR. In the crystal structure of a similar protein, BoNT/D-HCR, a sialic acid

Zhang, Yanfeng; Gardberg, Anna; Edwards, Tom E.; Sankaran, Banumathi; Robinson, Howard; Varnum, Susan M.; Buchko, Garry W.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

First-passage-time problems in time-aware networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First passage time or the first time that a stochastic process crosses a boundary is a random variable whose probability distribution is sought in engineering, statistics, finance, and other disciplines. The probability ...

Suwansantisuk, Watcharapan, 1978-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Analytic Controllability of Time-Dependent Quantum Control Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The question of controllability is investigated for a quantum control system in which the Hamiltonian operator components carry explicit time dependence which is not under the control of an external agent. We consider the general situation in which the state moves in an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space, a drift term is present, and the operators driving the state evolution may be unbounded. However, considerations are restricted by the assumption that there exists an analytic domain, dense in the state space, on which solutions of the controlled Schrodinger equation may be expressed globally in exponential form. The issue of controllability then naturally focuses on the ability to steer the quantum state on a finite-dimensional submanifold of the unit sphere in Hilbert space -- and thus on analytic controllability. A relatively straightforward strategy allows the extension of Lie-algebraic conditions for strong analytic controllability derived earlier for the simpler, time-independent system in which the drift Hamiltonian and the interaction Hamiltonia have no intrinsic time dependence. Enlarging the state space by one dimension corresponding to the time variable, we construct an augmented control system that can be treated as time-independent. Methods developed by Kunita can then be implemented to establish controllability conditions for the one-dimension-reduced system defined by the original time-dependent Schrodinger control problem. The applicability of the resulting theorem is illustrated with selected examples.

Chunhua Lan; Tzyh-Jong Tarn; Quo-Shin Chi; John W. Clark

2004-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

467

NIST: A Walk Through Time - The "Atomic Age" of Time ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Transportation, communication, financial transactions, manufacturing, electric power and many ... The next generation of time standards is presently ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

468

Aging in reversible dynamics of disordered systems. II. Emergence of the arcsine law in the random hopping time dynamics of the REM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying the new tools developed in [G1], we investigate the arcsine aging regime of the random hopping time dynamics of the REM. Our results are optimal in several ways. They cover the full time-scale and temperature domain where this phenomenon occurs. On this domain the limiting clock process and associated time correlation function are explicitly constructed. Finally, all convergence statements w.r.t. the law of the random environment are obtained in the strongest sense possible, except perhaps on the very last scales before equilibrium.

Vronique Gayrard

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

469

NIST Time Scale Data Archive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Time Scale Data Archive. Updated monthly. Return to Archive index Leap second and UT1-UTC information. This page ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

470

Personalised time-dependent learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time-dependent instruction appears to shape next-generation learning systems, where the value of instruction is as important as the time it takes to learn. The ability to grasp the exact knowledge required to accomplish a specific task, in the ... Keywords: adaptive learning, authoring tools, knowledge management, learning granularity, learning objects, learning resources, learning technology, learning web, ontology, personalised learning, semantic web, time constraints, time-dependent learning, timeliness

R. Benlamri; Y. Atif; J. Berri

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Metallic Interface Emerging at Magnetic Domain Wall of Antiferromagnetic Insulator---Fate of Extinct Weyl Electrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topological insulators, in contrast to ordinary semiconductors, accompany protected metallic surfaces described by Dirac-type fermions. Here, we theoretically show another emergent two-dimensional metal embedded in the bulk insulator is realized at a magnetic domain wall. The domain wall has long been studied as ingredients of both old-fashioned and leading-edge spintronics. The domain wall here, as an interface of seemingly trivial antiferromagnetic insulators, emergently realizes a functional interface preserved by zero modes with robust two-dimensional Fermi surfaces, where pyrochlore iridium oxides proposed to host condensed-matter realization of Weyl fermions offer such examples at low temperatures. The existence of ingap states pinned at domain walls, theoretically resembling spin/charge solitons in polyacetylene, solves experimental puzzles observed in R2Ir2O7 with rare earth elements R. The domain wall realizes a novel quantum confinement of electrons and embosses a net uniform magnetization, which enables magnetic control of electronic interface transports beyond semiconductor paradigm.

Youhei Yamaji; Masatoshi Imada

2013-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

472

A Real-Time Weather-Adaptive 3DVAR Analysis System for Severe Weather Detections and Warnings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A real-time, weather-adaptive three-dimensional variational data assimilation (3DVAR) system has been adapted for the NOAA Warn-on-Forecast (WoF) project to incorporate all available radar observations within a moveable analysis domain. The key ...

Jidong Gao; Travis M. Smith; David J. Stensrud; Chenghao Fu; Kristin Calhoun; Kevin L. Manross; Jeffrey Brogden; Valliappa Lakshmanan; Yunheng Wang; Kevin W. Thomas; Keith Brewster; Ming Xue

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The LCLS Timing Event System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Linac Coherent Light Source requires precision timing trigger signals for various accelerator diagnostics and controls at SLAC-NAL. A new timing system has been developed that meets these requirements. This system is based on COTS hardware with a mixture of custom-designed units. An added challenge has been the requirement that the LCLS Timing System must co-exist and 'know' about the existing SLC Timing System. This paper describes the architecture, construction and performance of the LCLS timing event system.

Dusatko, John; Allison, S.; Browne, M.; Krejcik, P.; /SLAC

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

474

Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Judges 9:00- 9:25 Materials Science Mathew Cherukara Shock Induced Chemistry of NiAl Nano-Composites Chen, X. Gyrya, V. 9:25- 9:50 Materials Science Christian Sorensen Explosive...

475

Control of unstable steady states by extended time-delayed feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-delayed feedback methods can be used to control unstable periodic orbits as well as unstable steady states. We present an application of extended time delay autosynchronization introduced by Socolar et al. to an unstable focus. This system represents a generic model of an unstable steady state which can be found for instance in a Hopf bifurcation. In addition to the original controller design, we investigate effects of control loop latency and a bandpass filter on the domain of control. Furthermore, we consider coupling of the control force to the system via a rotational coupling matrix parametrized by a variable phase. We present an analysis of the domain of control and support our results by numerical calculations.

Thomas Dahms; Philipp Hoevel; Eckehard Schoell

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

All Time, All the Time: Improving NIST Radio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... need for manual adjustments when Daylight Saving Time begins and ends, and allowing automatic resetting of clocks following a power outage.

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

477

A Time Bucket Formulation for the TSP with Time Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 5, 2009 ... Abstract: The Traveling Salesman Problem with Time Windows (TSPTW) is the problem of finding a minimum-cost path visiting a set of cities...

478

NIST: A Walk Through Time - World Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A Walk Through Time - Home Page ... and technologists recognized the inadequacy of timekeeping based on the motion of the Earth, which fluctuates ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

479

Cytoplasmic Domain Structures of Kir2.1 and Kir3.1 Shows Sites for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cytoplasmic Domain Structures of Cytoplasmic Domain Structures of Kir2.1 and Kir3.1 Shows Sites for Modulating Gating and Rectification Scott Pegan1, Christine Arrabit2, Wei Zhou1, Witek Kwiatkowski1, Anthony Collins3, Paul Slesinger2 and Senyon Choe1 Structural Biology1 and Peptide Biology2 Laboratories, The Salk Institute, La Jolla, Ca 92037; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences3, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 Figure 1. Kir2.1 cytoplasmic domain's backbone and surface are highlighted in yellow merged with KirBac1.1 transmembrane region's backbone and surface in gray. The gate forming tip of the G-loop, amino acids 304-306, is highlighted in red. The family of inwardly-rectifying potassium (Kir) channels of eukaryotic cells are unique because they conduct K+ ions better in the inward than

480

SimModel: A domain data model for whole building energy simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SimModel: A domain data model for whole building energy simulation SimModel: A domain data model for whole building energy simulation Title SimModel: A domain data model for whole building energy simulation Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-5566E Year of Publication 2011 Authors O'Donnell, James, Richard See, Cody Rose, Tobias Maile, Vladimir Bazjanac, and Philip Haves Conference Name IBPSA Building Simulation 2011 Date Published 10/2011 Abstract Many inadequacies exist within industry-standard data models as used by present-day whole-building energy simulation software. Tools such as EnergyPlus and DOE-2 use custom schema definitions (IDD and BDL respectively) as opposed to standardized schema definitions (defined in XSD, EXPRESS, etc.). Non-standard data modes lead to a requirement for application developers to develop bespoke interfaces. Such tools have proven to be error prone in their implementation - typically resulting in information loss.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time domain reflectometry" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Crystal Structure of the Simian Virus 40 Large T-Antigen Origin-Binding Domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The origins of replication of DNA tumor viruses have a highly conserved feature, namely, multiple binding sites for their respective initiator proteins arranged as inverted repeats. In the 1.45- Angstroms crystal structure of the simian virus 40 large T-antigen (T-ag) origin-binding domain (obd) reported herein, T-ag obd monomers form a left-handed spiral with an inner channel of 30 Angstroms having six monomers per turn. The inner surface of the spiral is positively charged and includes residues known to bind DNA. Residues implicated in hexamerization of full-length T-ag are located at the interface between adjacent T-ag obd monomers. These data provide a high-resolution model of the hexamer of origin-binding domains observed in electron microscopy studies and allow the obd's to be oriented relative to the hexamer of T-ag helicase domains to which they are connected.

Meinke,G.; Bullock, P.; Bohm, A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Fractional domain walls from on-site softening in dipolar bosons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study dipolar bosons in a 1D optical lattice and identify a region in parameter space---strong coupling but relatively weak on-site repulsion---hosting a series of stable charge-density-wave (CDW) states whose low-energy excitations, built from "fractional domain walls," have remarkable similarities to those of non-Abelian fractional quantum Hall states. Here, a conventional domain wall between translated CDW's may be split by inserting strings of degenerate, but inequivalent, CDW states. Outside these insulating regions, we find numerous supersolids as well as a superfluid regime. The mentioned phases should be accessible experimentally and, in particular, the fractional domain walls can be created in the ground state using single-site addressing, i.e., by locally changing the chemical potential.

Emma Wikberg; Jonas Larson; Emil J. Bergholtz; Anders Karlhede

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

Bounds for the moduli of continuity for conformal mappings of domains near their accessible boundary arcs  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents bounds for the moduli of continuity {omega}(f, G-bar ,{delta}) of conformal mappings w=f(z) of a bounded simply connected domain G with an arbitrary Jordan boundary onto a bounded simply connected domain with an arbitrary Jordan boundary, the 'quality' of boundaries being taken into account. For a Jordan curve (simple arc or a closed contour), its quality is characterized in general by its modulus of oscillation, and if it has finite length, by a more sensitive modulus of rectifiability-these purely metric concepts were introduced by the author in 1996. Theorems on the behaviour of conformal mappings of simply connected domains of arbitrary nature near open accessible boundary arcs are established. Bibliography: 18 titles.

Dolzhenko, Evgenii P [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

484

Substrate Clamping Effects on Irreversible Domain Wall Dynamics in Lead Zirconate Titanate Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of long-range strain interactions on domain wall dynamics is explored through macroscopic and local measurements of nonlinear behavior in mechanically clamped and released polycrystalline lead zirconate-titanate (PZT) films. Released films show a dramatic change in the global dielectric nonlinearity and its frequency dependence as a function of mechanical clamping. Furthermore, we observe a transition from strong clustering of the nonlinear response for the clamped case to almost uniform nonlinearity for the released film. This behavior is ascribed to increased mobility of domain walls. These results suggest the dominant role of collective strain interactions mediated by the local and global mechanical boundary conditions on the domain wall dynamics. The work presented in this Letter demonstrates that measurements on clamped films may considerably underestimate the piezoelectric coefficients and coupling constants of released structures used in microelectromechanical systems, energy harvesting systems, and microrobots.

Griggio, Flavio [ORNL; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL; Kumar, Amit [ORNL; Ovchinnikov, Oleg S [ORNL; Kim, H. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Jackson, T. N. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Damjanovic, Dragan [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Trolier-Mckinstry, Susan E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Electronic multi-purpose material level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present electronic multi-purpose material level sensor is based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line that is partially immersed in a liquid, powder, or other substance such as grain in a silo. The time difference of the reflections at the start of the transmission line and the air/liquid interface are used to determine levels to better than 0.01 inch. The sensor is essentially independent of circuit element and temperature variations, and can be mass produced at an extremely low price. The transmission line may be a Goubau line, microstrip, coaxial cable, twin lead, CPS or CPW, and may typically be a strip placed along the inside wall of a tank. The reflected pulses also contain information about strata within the liquid such as sludge-build-up at the bottom of an oil tank.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Electronic multi-purpose material level sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present electronic multi-purpose material level sensor is based on time domain reflectometry (TDR) of very short electrical pulses. Pulses are propagated along a transmission line that is partially immersed in a liquid, powder, or other substance such as grain in a silo. The time difference of the reflections at the start of the transmission line and the air/liquid interface are used to determine levels to better than 0.01 inch. The sensor is essentially independent of circuit element and temperature variations, and can be mass produced at an extremely low price. The transmission line may be a Goubau line, microstrip, coaxial cable, twin lead, CPS or CPW, and may typically be a strip placed along the inside wall of a tank. The reflected pulses also contain information about strata within the liquid such as sludge-build-up at the bottom of an oil tank. 9 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1997-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

487

Controlling Domain Orientations in Thin Films of AB and ABA Block Copolymers  

SciTech Connect

Domain orientations in thin films of lamellar copolymers are evaluated as a function of copolymer architecture, film thickness, and processing conditions. Two copolymer architectures are considered: An AB diblock of poly(styrene-b-methyl methacrylate) and an ABA triblock of poly(methyl methacrylate-b-styrene-b-methyl methacrylate). All films are cast on substrates that are energetically neutral with respect to the copolymer constituents. Film structures are evaluated with optical microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering. For AB diblock copolymers, the domain orientations are very sensitive to film thickness, annealing temperature, and imperfections in the 'neutral' substrate coating: Diblock domains are oriented perpendicular to the substrate when annealing temperature is elevated ({>=} 220 C) and defects in the substrate coating are minimized; otherwise, parallel or mixed parallel/perpendicular domain orientations are detected for most film thicknesses. For ABA triblock copolymers, the perpendicular domain orientation is stable for all the film thicknesses and processing conditions that were studied. The orientations of diblock and triblock copolymers are consistent with recent works that consider architectural effects when calculating the copolymer surface tension (Macromolecules 2006, 39, 9346 and Macromolecules 2010, 43, 1671). Significantly, the data demonstrate that triblocks are easier to process for applications in nanopatterning - in particular, when high-aspect-ratio nanostructures are required. However, both diblock and triblock films contain a high density of 'tilted' or bent domains, and these kinetically trapped defects should be minimized for most patterning applications.

Vu, Thai; Mahadevapuram, Nikhila; Perera, Ginusha M.; Stein, Gila E. (Houston)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Expanding Conventional Seismic Stratigrphy into the Multicomponent Seismic Domain  

SciTech Connect

Multicomponent seismic data are composed of three independent vector-based seismic wave modes. These wave modes are, compressional mode (P), and shear modes SV and SH. The three modes are generated using three orthogonal source-displacement vectors and then recorded using three orthogonal vector sensors. The components travel through the earth at differing velocities and directions. The velocities of SH and SV as they travel through the subsurface differ by only a few percent, but the velocities of SV and SH (Vs) are appreciably lower than the P-wave velocity (Vp). The velocity ratio Vp/Vs varies by an order of magnitude in the earth from a value of 15 to 1.5 depending on the degree of sedimentary lithification. The data used in this study were acquired by nine-component (9C) vertical seismic profile (VSP), using three orthogonal vector sources. The 9C vertical seismic profile is capable of generating P-wave mode and the fundamental S-wave mode (SH-SH and SV-SV) directly at the source station and permits the basic components of elastic wavefield (P, SH-SH and SV-SV) to be separated from one another for the purposes of imaging. Analysis and interpretations of data from the study area show that incident full-elastic seismic wavefield is capable of reflecting four different wave modes, P, SH , SV and C which can be utilized to fully understand the architecture and heterogeneities of geologic sequences. The conventional seismic stratigraphy utilizes only reflected P-wave modes. The notation SH mode is the same as SH-SH; SV mode means SV-SV and C mode which is a converted shear wave is a special SV mode and is the same as P-SV. These four wave modes image unique geologic stratigraphy and facies and at the same time reflect independent stratal surfaces because of the unique orientation of their particle-displacement vectors. As a result of the distinct orientation of individual mode's particle-displacement vector, one mode may react to a critical subsurface sequence more than the other. It was also observed that P-wave and S-wave do not always reflect from the same stratal boundaries. The utilization of full-elastic seismic wavefield needs to be maximized in oil and gas explorations in order to optimize the search for hydrocarbons.

Innocent Aluka

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

489

Generation and manipulation of entangled photons in a domain-engineered lithium niobate waveguide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose to integrate the electro-optic tuning function into polarization-entangled photon pair generation process in a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN). Due to the versatility of PPLN, both the spontaneously parametric down c