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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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1

Mercury Atomic Clock Sets Time-Keeping Record  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mercury Atomic Clock Sets Time-Keeping Record. ... A prototype mercury optical clock originally was demonstrated at NIST in 2000. ...

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

2

Mercury Atomic Clock Keeps Time with Record Accuracy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... clocks would be needed to continuously keep time, because primary standard clocks ... used to induce the ion's transition between two energy levels. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

3

NIST: A Walk Through Time - Early Clocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... One of the most elaborate clock towers was built by Su Sung and his ... The Su Sung clock tower, over 30 feet tall, possessed a bronze power-driven ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

4

New Time Widget Puts Accurate Clocks on Web Pages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Time Widget Puts Accurate Clocks on Web Pages. ... Web “widgets” are small application programs designed to be run inside Web pages. ...

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

5

New and Underutilized Technology: Vending Machine Occupancy Sensors |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vending Machine Occupancy Sensors Vending Machine Occupancy Sensors New and Underutilized Technology: Vending Machine Occupancy Sensors October 7, 2013 - 9:09am Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for vending machine occupancy sensors within the Federal sector. Benefits Vending machine occupancy sensors detect when no people are in the vicinity and powers down beverage vending machines. These systems do not completely turn off compressor, but reduce their run times. Application Vending machine occupancy sensors are applicable in most building categories where vending machines are present. Key Factors for Deployment Occupancy sensors or similar features should be an integral part of new vending machine purchases. Ranking Criteria Federal energy savings, cost-effectiveness, and probability of success are

6

Clock rates, clock settings and the physics of the space-time Lorentz transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A careful study is made of the operational meaning of the time symbols appearing in the space-time Lorentz transformation. Four distinct symbols, with different physical meanings, are needed to describe reciprocal measurements involving stationary and uniformly-moving clocks. Physical predictions concern only the observed rate of a clock as a function of its relative speed, not its setting. How the failure to make this distinction leads to the conventional predictions of spurious `relativity of simultaneity' and `length contraction' effects in special relativity is explained.

J. H. Field

2006-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

7

Vending Machine Energy Consumption and VendingMiser Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As an effort to decrease the amount of non-critical energy used on the Texas A&M campus, and to assist Dixie Narco in evaluating the efficiency of their vending machines, the Texas A&M Energy Systems Laboratory investigated the power consumption of soda vending machines on the Texas A&M campus. Several vending machines were evaluated to determine the power consumption for the individual components, and the whole machine. Recommendations were made from the results. The VendingMiser device was also tested to evaluate the potential energy savings of this device.

Ritter, J.; Hugghins, J.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Seattle City Light - Vending Machine Rebate Program | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of VendingMiser Energy Efficient Vending Machines. VendingMiser reduces the energy consumption of cold drink vending machines by using an occupancy sensor to power down the...

9

Transition Time Bounded Low-power Clock Tree Construction Min Pan, Chris Chong-Nuen Chu and J. Morris Chang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transition Time Bounded Low-power Clock Tree Construction Min Pan, Chris Chong-Nuen Chu and J signal extremely tight. Hence, it is necessary to have transition time bounds to construct low-power clock trees in high performance systems. In this paper, we formulate the transition time bounded low-power

Chu, Chris C.-N.

10

Clock independent timing verification of level-sensitive latches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a method to automatically handle level-sensitive latches in timing analysis/verification. Timing specifications, including delays and timing constraints, are automatically generated for the cells in the design. The generated timing ...

Robert Tjärnström

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

New Guide Is Timely for Radio Controlled Clocks, Watches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to official US time provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have become more popular as prices drop and style ...

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

12

Time-cost analysis of a quantum key distribution system clocked at 100 MHz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the realization of a quantum key distribution (QKD) system clocked at 100 MHz. The system includes classical postprocessing implemented via software, and is operated over a 12 km standard telecommunication dark fiber in a real-world environment. A time-cost analysis of the sifted, error-corrected, and secret key rates relative to the raw key rate is presented, and the scalability of our implementation with respect to higher secret key rates is discussed.

Xiaofan Mo; Itzel Lucio Martinez; Philip Chan; Chris Healey; Steve Hosier; Wolfgang Tittel

2011-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

13

Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over Bangladesh Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A need for predicting hourly global radiation exists for many locations particularly in Bangladesh for which measured values are not available and daily values have to be estimated from sunshine data. The CPRG model has been used to predict values of hourly Gh for Dhaka (23.770N, 90.380E), Chittagong (22.270N, 91.820E) and Bogra (24.850N, 89.370E) for = ±7.50, ±22.50, ±37.50, ±52.50, ±67.50, ±82.50 and ±97.50 i.e., for ±1/2, ±3/2, ±5/2, ±7/2, ±9/2, ±11/2, ±13/2 hours before and after solar noon and the computed values for different months are symmetrical about solar noon whereas for many months experimental data show a clear asymmetry. To obtain improved

14

BCDA Bunch Clock  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bunch Clock Generator Bunch Clock Generator Version 1.20 (January 2005) David M. Kline. The Bunch Clock Generator (BCG) was developed to provide bunch pattern and timing information as an mechanism for triggering beamline instrumentation. The BCG100 is a VME-based A16 module that was designed specifically for a timed resolved experiment in the APS SRI-CAT. The BCG100 receives the P0 revolution clock and a RF 352Mhz signal from another VME-based module referred to as the FRX352. It receives the P0 clock and a 44Mhz signal over fiber and can propagate them to multiple BCG100 modules if required. Furthermore, it converts the 44Mhz signal to the 352Mhz signal for the BCG100. Refer to this document for additional information regarding the Bunch Clock Generator. The focus of this page is to provide information of

15

Channel Modeling and Time Delay Estimation for Clock Synchronization Among Seaweb Nodes  

SciTech Connect

From simulations, tracking of the impulse response is feasible. Potential to benefit other functions such as ranging between two nodes. Potential to combine the features of different protocols to create a new and more realistic clock-synchronization protocol.

Gagnon, P; Rice, J; Clark, G A

2012-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

16

Molecular Clocks: Determining the Age of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Clocks: Determining the Age of the Human­Chimpanzee Divergence Michael I Jensen `molecular clock') allows for the estimation of the time of divergence between modern species, dependent on calibrating the clock with known divergence dates from the fossil record. The molecular clock gives dates

Seaman, Michael I.

17

Biological clock  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological clock Biological clock Name: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How does a person's biological clock work? Replies: I believe there's a region or gland in the brain that regulates biological clocks. This region or gland senses the environment's day/night cycle. I'm afraid I don't know much more than that. Hope this helps. --- jade No one knows for sure how any circadian (nearly 24 hour-in Latin) clock works. Some interesting facts, though. The pineal gland in the brain is important. Although shifting the day-night cycle can shift the clock, the clock runs on its own without any dark-light cues. So it seems to be a natural chemical clock with a cycle nearly, but not exactly at 24 hours, which is entrained by the 24 hour day-night cycle. There are neurons in lower animals which can be kept alive alone, isolate from the nervous system and from any light-dark cues, that show electrical activity on a near-24-hours cycle

18

Product Standards for Vending Equipment (Japan) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Standards for Vending Equipment (Japan) Product Standards for Vending Equipment (Japan) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Product Standards for Vending Equipment (Japan) Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.eccj.or.jp/top_runner/pdf/tr_vending_machines_may2007.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/product-standards-vending-equipment-j Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling This Energy Conservation Center Japan (ECCJ) document was created as a guide in response to its newly established set of standards and labelling

19

PLL-based active optical clock distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reducing the timing uncertainty associated with clock edges has become an exceedingly difficult problem as clock frequencies in high-performance processors increase past several gigahertz. Absolute quantities of skew and ...

Kern, Alexandra M., 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Characterizing the effects of clock jitter due to substrate noise in discrete-time D/S modulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the impact of clock jitter induced by substrate noise on the performance of the oversampling DS modulators. First, a new stochastic model for substrate noise is proposed. This model is then utilized to study the clock jitter in ... Keywords: DS modulators, jitter, mixed-signal integrated circuits, phase noise, phase-locked loop, substrate noise

Payam Heydari

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Towards clock skew based services in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clock skew, an inherent property of clock crystals of physical devices, is defined as the rate of deviation of a device clock from the true time. The frequency of a device's clock actually depends on its environment, such as the temperature, humidity, ... Keywords: Sybil attacks, attack detection, clock crystals, clock skews, covert channels, electromagnetic interference, fingerprinting, geolocation, humidity, malfunctioning mote identification, malicious mote identification, measurement, multi-hop WSN, node identification, security, sensor motes, temperature, vibration, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks, wormhole attacks

Md. Borhan Uddin; Claude Castelluccia

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Interferometers as Holographic Clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new fundamental limit is postulated on measurement of time in holographic theories where light sheets carry degrees of freedom that saturate the entropy limit of black hole event horizons. Holographic clock operators are associated with null displacements and spatial orientations. Null fields preserve clock phase along their propagation direction, and clock phase is invariant on null sheets, but time measurements in different directions do not commute. This hypothesis is shown to lead to spatially coherent holographic noise in relative phases of null fields propagating in different directions. Current technology allows Michelson interferometers to achieve the Planck-scale holographic noise limit in differential phase measurements. Cross-correlations of holographic phase noise between interferometers are calculated, depending on their separation and alignment.

Hogan, Craig J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

A right to vend : new policy framework for fostering street based entrepreneurs in New York City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Street vending remains one of the most highly regulated and least understood activities in New York City. The current regulatory framework is overly confusing and complex, leaving policy decisions about who gets to vend ...

Liu, Ya-Ting, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Radio-controlled clocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... inside, which receives a signal that comes from a place where an atomic clock is ... If your clock uses batteries, check them and replace if necessary. ...

2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

25

NIST Unveils Chip-Scale Atomic Clock  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 100 times smaller than any other atomic clock—has ... precise timekeeping in portable, battery-powered devices ... to be operated on batteries) and are ...

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

26

The modelling reported here updates and revises pilot work-in-progress reported in Cronin and Garnsey 2007, Is there Evidence in Favour of Clock Time on GMT,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and piloting an exploratory methodology. 1 Summary The impact of clock time on electricity usage is examined using British evidence. New findings are reported from a 2008-9 inquiry based on a nonlinear regression methodology (SVR) for estimating the potential effect on electricity demand in Britain of advancing the clock by an hour between November and March. Electricity demand data were supplied by National Grid for 2001-8. Analysis of the data showed that had the clocks not been put back to GMT in winter, electricity savings of 885 GWhs of electricity could have been achieved. GB average daily demand for electricity could have been lower, with a reduction in peak demand for electricity of up to 4.3 % during periods of high demand. The electricity wasted on GMT could have supplied 200,000 households and around 447,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions could have been avoided. The market price of electricity was found to be higher by 0.8 % as a result of higher peaks in demand (November study). The effect on the price actually paid by end-users is not direct or immediate because of forward contracts between utilities companies and suppliers. But

Yu-foong Chong; Elizabeth Garnsey; Simon Hill; Frederic Desobry

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Orientation-Dependent Entanglement Lifetime in a Squeezed Atomic Clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study experimentally the lifetime of a special class of entangled states in an atomic clock, squeezed spin states. In the presence of anisotropic noise, their lifetime is strongly dependent on squeezing orientation. We measure the Allan deviation spectrum of a clock operated with a phase-squeezed input state. For integration times up to 50 s the squeezed clock achieves a given precision 2.8(3) times faster than a clock operating at the standard quantum limit.

Ian D. Leroux; Monika H. Schleier-Smith; Vladan Vuleti?

2010-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

28

List of Vending Machine Controls Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controls Incentives Controls Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 64 Vending Machine Controls Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 64) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active APS - Energy Efficiency Solutions for Business (Arizona) Utility Rebate Program Arizona Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Retail Supplier Schools State Government Building Insulation Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Programmable Thermostats Refrigerators LED Exit Signs Evaporative Coolers Vending Machine Controls Food Service Equipment Yes Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Iowa) Utility Rebate Program Iowa Commercial

29

Light clocks in strong gravitational fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the time measured by a light clock operating with photons rather than classical light requires a refinement of the standard clock postulate in general relativity. In the presence of a gravitational field, already the one-loop quantum corrections to classical Maxwell theory affect light propagation and the construction of observers' frames of reference. Carefully taking into account these kinematic effects, a concise geometric expression for the time shown by a light clock is obtained. This result has far-reaching implications for physics in strong gravitational fields.

Raffaele Punzi; Frederic P. Schuller; Mattias N. R. Wohlfarth

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

30

Light clocks in strong gravitational fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the time measured by a light clock operating with photons rather than classical light requires a refinement of the standard clock postulate in general relativity. In the presence of a gravitational field, already the one-loop quantum corrections to classical Maxwell theory affect light propagation and the construction of observers' frames of reference. Carefully taking into account these kinematic effects, a concise geometric expression for the time shown by a light clock is obtained. This result has far-reaching implications for physics in strong gravitational fields.

Punzi, Raffaele; Wohlfarth, Mattias N R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Collaboration Helps Make JILA Strontium Atomic Clock 'Best ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... View full-size version of the strontium clock animation>>. To view animations that are "mov files," QuickTime player is required. ...

32

Solving the Fast Clock Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study troubleshoots then solves the problem of digital clocks running fast.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

What Time is It?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... These are sometimes marketed as "atomic clocks", but ... problems include incorrectly setting your local time zone on the clock, batteries that need ...

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

34

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Implementation of a Quantum Clock Synchronization Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantum clock synchronization algorithm proposed by I. L. Chuang (Phys. Rev. Lett, 85, 2006(2000)) has been implemented in a three qubit nuclear magnetic resonance quantum system. The effective-pure state is prepared by the spatial averaging approach. The time difference between two separated clocks can be determined by reading out directly through the NMR spectra.

Jingfu Zhang; Guilu Long; Zhiwei Deng; Wenzhang Liu; Zhiheng Lu

2004-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

35

A Secure Web Service for Electricity Prepayment Vending in South Africa: A Case Study and Industry Specification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current standardised offline vending systems play a critical role in supporting electricity prepayment-metering infrastructure by enabling convenient access to point of sales for customers to purchase prepaid electricity tokens. Electricity utilities ... Keywords: Electricity Vending, Interoperability, Industry specification, Client-server, Prepayment, Secure Socket layer, Web Service

K. P. Subramoney; G. P. Hancke

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Longitudinal light clock vs special relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to respect the Principle of Relativity, the analysis of the behavior of the longitudinal light clock reveals the necessity to extend the Doppler effect also to space and time. As a consequence, the bodies in inertial motion must dilate along the direction of their movement.

Giovanni Zanella

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

37

A bunch clock for the Advanced Photon Source  

SciTech Connect

A bunch clock timing module has been developed for use by Advanced Photon Source beamlines. The module provides bunch pattern and timing information that can be used to trigger beamline data collection equipment. The module is fully integrated into the control system software (EPICS) which automatically loads it with the storage ring fill pattern at injection time. Fast timing outputs (1 ns FWHM) for each stored bunch are generated using the storage ring low-level rf and revolution clock as input references. Fiber-optic-based transmitters and receivers are used to transmit a 352-MHz low-level rf reference to distributed bunch clock modules. The bunch clock module is a single-width VME module and may be installed in a VME crate located near beamline instrumentation. A prototype has been in use on the SRI CAT beamline for over a year. The design and integration into the control system timing software along with measured performance results are presented.

Lenkszus, F.R.; Laird, R.J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

JILA Researchers Discover Atomic Clock Can Simulate ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Artist's conception of interactions among atoms in JILA's strontium atomic clock during a quantum simulation experiment. ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

39

Clock distribution system for digital computers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for eliminating, in each clock distribution amplifier of a clock distribution system, sequential pulse catch-up error due to one pulse "overtaking" a prior clock pulse. The apparatus includes timing means to produce a periodic electromagnetic signal with a fundamental frequency having a fundamental frequency component V'.sub.01 (t); an array of N signal characteristic detector means, with detector means No. 1 receiving the timing means signal and producing a change-of-state signal V.sub.1 (t) in response to receipt of a signal above a predetermined threshold; N substantially identical filter means, one filter means being operatively associated with each detector means, for receiving the change-of-state signal V.sub.n (t) and producing a modified change-of-state signal V'.sub.n (t) (n=1, . . . , N) having a fundamental frequency component that is substantially proportional to V'.sub.01 (t-.theta..sub.n (t) with a cumulative phase shift .theta..sub.n (t) having a time derivative that may be made uniformly and arbitrarily small; and with the detector means n+1 (1.ltoreq.n

Wyman, Robert H. (Brentwood, CA); Loomis, Jr., Herschel H. (Davis, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Colloquium: Physics of optical lattice clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently invented and demonstrated, optical lattice clocks hold great promise for improving the precision of modern timekeeping. These clocks aim at the 10^-18 fractional accuracy, which translates into a clock that would neither lose or gain a fraction of a second over an estimated age of the Universe. In these clocks, millions of atoms are trapped and interrogated simultaneously, dramatically improving clock stability. Here we discuss the principles of operation of these clocks and, in particular, a novel concept of "magic" trapping of atoms in optical lattices. We also highlight recently proposed microwave lattice clocks and several applications that employ the optical lattice clocks as a platform for precision measurements and quantum information processing.

Derevianko, Andrei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Colloquium: Physics of optical lattice clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently invented and demonstrated, optical lattice clocks hold great promise for improving the precision of modern timekeeping. These clocks aim at the 10^-18 fractional accuracy, which translates into a clock that would neither lose or gain a fraction of a second over an estimated age of the Universe. In these clocks, millions of atoms are trapped and interrogated simultaneously, dramatically improving clock stability. Here we discuss the principles of operation of these clocks and, in particular, a novel concept of "magic" trapping of atoms in optical lattices. We also highlight recently proposed microwave lattice clocks and several applications that employ the optical lattice clocks as a platform for precision measurements and quantum information processing.

Andrei Derevianko; Hidetoshi Katori

2010-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

42

Collisionally Induced Atomic Clock Shifts and Correlations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a formalism to incorporate exchange symmetry considerations into the calculation of collisional frequency shifts and blackbody radiation effects for atomic clock transitions using a density matrix formalism. The formalism is developed for both fermionic and bosonic atomic clocks. Results for a finite temperature ${}^{87}$Sr ${}^1S_0$ ($F = 9/2$) atomic clock in a magic wavelength optical lattice are presented.

Y. B. Band; I. Osherov

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

Timekeeping and clocks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a submarine. Power companies use precise time to regulate power system grids and reduce power losses. Radio and television ...

2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

44

Controlled Clocks: Recommended Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Letter Abbreviation Name Areas Include ­10:00 W HST or Hawaii­Aleutian Central French HAST Standard Time West ­11:00 X SST Samoa Midway Islands Standard Time ­10:00 W HST or Hawaii-Aleutian Central French

Magee, Joseph W.

45

High accuracy measure of atomic polarizability in an optical lattice clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite being a canonical example of quantum mechanical perturbation theory, as well as one of the earliest observed spectroscopic shifts, the Stark effect contributes the largest source of uncertainty in a modern optical atomic clock through blackbody radiation. By employing an ultracold, trapped atomic ensemble and high stability optical clock, we characterize the quadratic Stark effect with unprecedented precision. We report the ytterbium optical clock's sensitivity to electric fields (such as blackbody radiation) as the differential static polarizability of the ground and excited clock levels: 36.2612(7) kHz (kV/cm)^{-2}. The clock's fractional uncertainty due to room temperature blackbody radiation is reduced an order of magnitude to 3 \\times 10^{-17}.

Sherman, J A; Hinkley, N; Pizzocaro, M; Fox, R W; Ludlow, A D; Oates, C W

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking Print Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking Print Most living organisms have adapted their physiology and behavior to match the daily cycle of light and dark generated by the rotation of the earth, operating with a period of approximately 24 hours. Molecular machines in cells ultimately control such rhythmic behavior, the details of which-the "circadian clock"-are largely conserved. To understand the inner workings of the circadian clock, researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Howard Hughes Medical Institute used ALS Beamline 8.2.1 to determine the three-dimensional structure of the transcriptional activator CLOCK:BMAL1 complex, the central positive component of the mammalian circadian clock.

47

Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking Print Central Activator Keeps the Circadian Clock Ticking Print Most living organisms have adapted their physiology and behavior to match the daily cycle of light and dark generated by the rotation of the earth, operating with a period of approximately 24 hours. Molecular machines in cells ultimately control such rhythmic behavior, the details of which-the "circadian clock"-are largely conserved. To understand the inner workings of the circadian clock, researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Howard Hughes Medical Institute used ALS Beamline 8.2.1 to determine the three-dimensional structure of the transcriptional activator CLOCK:BMAL1 complex, the central positive component of the mammalian circadian clock.

48

High accuracy correction of blackbody radiation shift in an optical lattice clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have determined the frequency shift that blackbody radiation is inducing on the $5s^2$ $^1$S$_0$ -- $5s5p$ $^3$P$_0$ clock transition in strontium. Previously its uncertainty limited the uncertainty of strontium lattice clocks to $1\\times10^{-16}$. Now the uncertainty associated to the black body radiation shift correction translates to $5\\times 10^{-18}$ relative frequency uncertainty at room temperature. Our evaluation is based on a measurement of the differential dc-polarizability of the two clock states and on a modeling of the dynamic contribution using this value and experimental data for other atomic properties.

Middelmann, Thomas; Lisdat, Christian; Sterr, Uwe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

High accuracy correction of blackbody radiation shift in an optical lattice clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have determined the frequency shift that blackbody radiation is inducing on the $5s^2$ $^1$S$_0$ -- $5s5p$ $^3$P$_0$ clock transition in strontium. Previously its uncertainty limited the uncertainty of strontium lattice clocks to $1\\times10^{-16}$. Now the uncertainty associated to the black body radiation shift correction translates to $5\\times 10^{-18}$ relative frequency uncertainty at room temperature. Our evaluation is based on a measurement of the differential dc-polarizability of the two clock states and on a modeling of the dynamic contribution using this value and experimental data for other atomic properties.

Thomas Middelmann; Stephan Falke; Christian Lisdat; Uwe Sterr

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

50

Recent atomic clock comparisons at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST-F1 and the optical clock ran simultaneously, otherwise the absolute frequency was determined using the H-maser as a frequency flywheel. ...

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

51

History of Atomic Clocks at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... source. 1956 -- Commercial cesium clocks become available, costing $20,000 each. 1959 -- NBS-1 goes into regular service as NIST's primary ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

52

Robust Clock Synchronization Methods for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have received huge attention during the recent years due to their applications in a large number of areas such as environmental monitoring, health and traffic monitoring, surveillance and tracking, and monitoring and control of factories and home appliances. Also, the rapid developments in the micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) technology and circuit design lead to a faster spread and adoption of WSNs. Wireless sensor networks consist of a number of nodes featured in general with energy-limited sensors capable of collecting, processing and transmitting information across short distances. Clock synchronization plays an important role in designing, implementing, and operating wireless sensor networks, and it is essential in ensuring a meaningful information processing order for the data collected by the nodes. Because the timing message exchanges between different nodes are affected by unknown possibly time-varying network delay distributions, the estimation of clock offset parameters represents a challenge. This dissertation presents several robust estimation approaches of the clock offset parameters necessary for time synchronization of WSNs via the two-way message exchange mechanism. In this dissertation the main emphasis will be put on building clock phase offset estimators robust with respect to the unknown network delay distributions. Under the assumption that the delay characteristics of the uplink and the downlink are asymmetric, the clock offset estimation method using the bootstrap bias correction approach is derived. Also, the clock offset estimator using the robust Mestimation technique is presented assuming that one underlying delay distribution is mixed with another delay distribution. Next, although computationally complex, several novel, efficient, and robust estimators of clock offset based on the particle filtering technique are proposed to cope with the Gaussian or non-Gaussian delay characteristics of the underlying networks. One is the Gaussian mixture Kalman particle filter (GMKPF) method. Another is the composite particle filter (CPF) approach viewed as a composition between the Gaussian sum particle filter and the KF. Additionally, the CPF using bootstrap sampling is also presented. Finally, the iterative Gaussian mixture Kalman particle filter (IGMKPF) scheme, combining the GMKPF with a procedure for noise density estimation via an iterative mechanism, is proposed.

Lee, Jae Han

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Atomic clocks with suppressed blackbody radiation shift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a nonstandard concept of atomic clocks where the blackbody radiation shift (BBRS) and its temperature fluctuations can be dramatically suppressed (by one to three orders of magnitude) independent of the environmental temperature. The suppression is based on the fact that in a system with two accessible clock transitions (with frequencies $\

Yudin, V I; Okhapkin, M V; Bagayev, S N; Tamm, Chr; Peik, E; Huntemann, N; Mehlstaubler, T E; Riehle, F

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A Heuristic for Clock Selection in High-Level Synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clock selection has a significant impact on the performance and quality of designs in high-level synthesis. In most synthesis systems, a convenient value of the clock is chosen or exact (and expensive) methods have been used for clock selection. This ... Keywords: high-level synthesis, clock selection, graph structure, design space exploration, heuristics

J. Ramanujam; Sandeep Deshpande; Jinpyo Hong; Mahmut Kandemir

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Phase measurement system using a dithered clock  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A phase measurement system is disclosed which measures the phase shift between two signals by dithering a clock signal and averaging a plurality of measurements of the phase differences between the two signals. 8 figures.

Fairley, C.R.; Patterson, S.R.

1991-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

56

Techniques for low jitter clock multiplication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase realigning clock multipliers, such as Multiplying Delay-Locked Loops (MDLL), offer significantly reduced random jitter compared to typical Phase-Locked Loops (PLL). This is achieved by introducing the reference signal ...

Helal, Belal M., 1971-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Tuning Genetic Clocks Employing DNA Binding Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Periodic oscillations play a key role in cell physiology from the cell cycle to circadian clocks. The interplay of positive and negative feedback loops among genes and proteins is ubiquitous in these networks. Often, delays ...

Del Vecchio, Domitilla

58

Time and Frequency Division Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Controlled ClocksTelephone TimeDivision HistoryFrequently Asked Questions (FAQ)Time and Frequency from A to Z: An illustrated glossaryA Walk ...

2013-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

59

Investigation of Circadian Clock in Peripheral Tissues and Immune-Circadian Interaction in the Domestic Fowl, Gallus Domesticus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The circadian system provides living organisms a means to adapt their internal physiology to constantly changing environmental conditions that exists on our rotating planet, Earth. Clocks in peripheral tissues are referred to as peripheral which may participate in tissue-specific functions. The first step to investigating the circadian regulation in the peripheral tissues of avians was to examine for the presence of avian orthologs of core components of the molecular clock using Quantitative real time (qRTPCR) assays. We investigated the avian spleen for daily and circadian control of core clock genes and regulation of the inflammatory response by the spleen clock. The core clock genes, bmal1, bmal2, per2, per3 and clock displayed both daily and circadian rhythms. Proinflammatory cytokines TNF?, IL-1?, IL-6 and IL-18 exhibited daily and circadian rhythmic oscillations. A differential expression of proinflammatory cytokine induction was observed in the spleen undergoing lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute inflammation. Exogenous melatonin administration during inflammation seems to enhance some and repress a few inflammatory cytokines, implying that melatonin is pleiotropic molecule. To compare and contrast the role of peripheral clocks in regulating energy balance and reproduction in layer vs. broiler chicken, the visceral adipose tissue (VAT), ovary and hypothalamus were examined for the presence of core clock genes were investigated in these two lines of poultry birds. Quantitative RT-PCR was employed to examine daily control of core clock genes in these three peripheral tissues over a 24hr period. The layer hens exhibit rhythmic oscillations in the mRNA abundance of the core clock genes in the VAT, ovary and the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus and VAT of the broiler hens exhibit rhythmic mRNA abundance of the core clock genes. However, the clock genes in the ovary of the broiler pullets exhibit marked reduction in their amplitude and rhythms over a 24hr period. The broiler hens are prone to poor energy balance, obesity and reproductive capacity. In summary, these data provide evidence for a functional link between the circadian clock and the ovary by determining clock gene regulation under conditions of disrupted or eliminated reproductive function vs. normal reproductive output.

Kallur, Sailaja

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Clock mechanisms and their effects, leads into steam engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a clock-maker’s shop, Simon Schaffer explains the great precision needed to make clocks, and the development of standardized parts. The feed-back mechanisms or governors are absolutely essential in the first stationary steam engines....

Dugan, David

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

All Time, All the Time: Improving NIST Radio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... need for manual adjustments when Daylight Saving Time begins and ends, and allowing automatic resetting of clocks following a power outage.

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

62

The chip-scale atomic clock : prototype evaluation.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have developed a chip-scale atomic clock (CSAC) for applications requiring atomic timing accuracy in portable battery-powered applications. At PTTI/FCS 2005, they reported on the demonstration of a prototype CSAC, with an overall size of 10 cm{sup 3}, power consumption > 150 mW, and short-term stability sy(t) < 1 x 10-9t-1/2. Since that report, they have completed the development of the CSAC, including provision for autonomous lock acquisition and a calibrated output at 10.0 MHz, in addition to modifications to the physics package and system architecture to improve performance and manufacturability.

Mescher, Mark (Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA); Varghese, Mathew (Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA); Lutwak, Robert (Symmetricom - Technology Realization Center, Beverly, MA); Serkland, Darwin Keith; Tepolt, Gary (Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA); Geib, Kent Martin; Leblanc, John (Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA); Peake, Gregory Merwin; Rashid, Ahmed (Symmetricom - Technology Realization Center, Beverly, MA)

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Automated Computer Time Service (ACTS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... provided since 1988 for users who need to synchronize computer clocks to ... For computers with Internet access, the Internet Time Service should be ...

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

64

Extended Salecker-Wigner formula for optimal accuracy in reading a clock via a massive signal particle  

SciTech Connect

In order to acquire an extended Salecker-Wigner formula from which to derive the optimal accuracy in reading a clock with a massive particle as the signal, von Neumann's classical measurement is employed, by which simultaneously both position and momentum of the signal particle can be measured approximately. By an appropriate selection of wave function for the initial state of the composite system (a clock and a signal particle), the formula is derived accurately. Valid ranges of the running time of a clock with a given optimal accuracy are also given. The extended formula means that contrary to the Salecker-Wigner formula there exists the possibility of a higher accuracy of time measurement, even if the mass of the clock is very small.

Kudaka, Shoju; Matsumoto, Shuichi [Department of Physics, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan and Department of Mathematics, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa (Japan)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Connecting the Circadian Clock with Chemosensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemoreception is a primitive sense universally employed by organisms for finding and selecting food, rejecting toxic chemicals, detecting mates and offspring, choosing sites for egg-laying, recognizing territories and avoiding predators. Chemosensory responses are frequently modulated based on the internal environment of the organism. An organism’s internal environment undergoes regular changes in anticipation and in response to daily changes in its external environment, e.g., light-dark cycle. A resettable timekeeping mechanism called the circadian clock internally drives these cyclical changes with a ~24 hour period. Using electrophysiological, behavioral and molecular analyses, I tested where and how these two conserved processes, viz., the circadian timekeeping mechanism and the chemosensory pathway, intersect each other at organismal and cellular levels. The presence of autonomous peripheral oscillators in the chemosensory organs of Drosophila, prompted us to test whether chemosensory responses are under control of the circadian clock. I found that local oscillators in afferent (primary) chemosensory neurons drive rhythms in physiological and behavioral responses to attractive and aversive chemical signals. During the middle of the night, high level of G proteincoupled receptor kinase 2 (GPRK2), a clock controlled signaling molecule present in chemosensory neurons, suppresses tastant-evoked responses and promotes olfactory responses. G-protein mediated signaling was shown to be involved in generating optimal response to odorants. Multifunctional chemosensory clocks exert control on feeding and metabolism. I propose that temporal plasticity in innate behaviors should offer adaptive advantages to flies.

Chatterjee, Abhishek

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Rydberg Spectroscopy in an Optical Lattice: Blackbody Thermometry for Atomic Clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that optical spectroscopy of Rydberg states can provide accurate {\\em in situ} thermometry at room-temperature. Transitions from a metastable state to Rydberg states with principal quantum numbers of 25 to 30 have 200 times larger fractional frequency sensitivities to blackbody radiation than the Strontium clock transition. We demonstrate that magic wavelength lattices exist for both Strontium and Ytterbium transitions between the metastable and Rydberg states. Frequency measurements of Rydberg transitions with $10^{-16}$ accuracy provide $10 \\, \\mathrm{mK}$ resolution and yield a blackbody uncertainty for the clock transition of $10^{-18}$.

Ovsiannikov, Vitali D; Gibble, Kurt

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Energy-efficient datapath scheduling using multiple voltages and dynamic clocking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, dynamic frequency scaling has been explored at the CPU and system levels for power optimization. Low-power datapath scheduling using multiple supply voltages has been well researched. In this work, we develop new datapath scheduling algorithms ... Keywords: High-level synthesis, dynamic frequency clocking, low-power datapath synthesis, multiple voltage scheduling, resource-constrained scheduling, time-constrained scheduling

Saraju P. Mohanty; N. Ranganathan

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Interrogation laser for a strontium lattice clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the setup and characterization of a 698 nm master-slave diode laser system to probe the 1S0-3P0 clock transition of strontium atoms confined in a one-dimensional optical lattice. A linewidth in the order of around 100 Hz of the laser system has been measured with respect to an ultrastable 657 nm diode laser with 1 Hz linewidth using a femtosecond fiber comb as transfer oscillator. The laser has been used to measure the magnetically induced 1S0-3P0 clock transition in 88Sr where a linewidth of 165 Hz has been observed. The transfer oscillator method provides a virtual beat signal between the two diode lasers that has been used to phase lock the 698 nm laser to the 1 Hz linewidth laser at 657 nm, transferring its stability to the 698 nm laser system.

Legero, T; Winfred, J S R Vellore; Schnatz, H; Grosche, G; Riehle, F; Sterr, U

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Atomic clocks with suppressed blackbody radiation shift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a nonstandard concept of atomic clocks where the blackbody radiation shift (BBRS) and its temperature fluctuations can be dramatically suppressed (by one to three orders of magnitude) independent of the environmental temperature. The suppression is based on the fact that in a system with two accessible clock transitions (with frequencies v1 and v2) which are exposed to the same thermal environment, there exists a "synthetic" frequency v_{syn} (v1-e12 v2) largely immune to the BBRS. As an example, it is shown that in the case of ion 171Yb+ it is possible to create a clock in which the BBRS can be suppressed to the fractional level of 10^{-18} in a broad interval near room temperature (300\\pm 15 K). We also propose a realization of our method with the use of an optical frequency comb generator stabilized to both frequencies v1 and v2. Here the frequency v_{syn} is generated as one of the components of the comb spectrum and can be used as an atomic standard.

V. I. Yudin; A. V. Taichenachev; M. V. Okhapkin; S. N. Bagayev; Chr. Tamm; E. Peik; N. Huntemann; T. E. Mehlstaubler; F. Riehle

2011-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

70

Atomic clock transitions in silicon-based spin qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A major challenge in using spins in the solid state for quantum technologies is protecting them from sources of decoherence. This can be addressed, to varying degrees, by improving material purity or isotopic composition for example, or active error correction methods such as dynamic decoupling, or even combinations of the two. However, a powerful method applied to trapped ions in the context of frequency standards and atomic clocks, is the use of particular spin transitions which are inherently robust to external perturbations. Here we show that such `clock transitions' (CTs) can be observed for electron spins in the solid state, in particular using bismuth donors in silicon. This leads to dramatic enhancements in the electron spin coherence time, exceeding seconds. We find that electron spin qubits based on CTs become less sensitive to the local magnetic environment, including the presence of 29Si nuclear spins as found in natural silicon. We expect the use of such CTs will be of additional importance for donor spins in future devices, mitigating the effects of magnetic or electric field noise arising from nearby interfaces.

Gary Wolfowicz; Alexei M. Tyryshkin; Richard E. George; Helge Riemann; Nikolai V. Abrosimov; Peter Becker; Hans-Joachim Pohl; Mike L. W. Thewalt; Stephen A. Lyon; John J. L. Morton

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

71

DOE/EA-1674: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 431 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines (August 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 431 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines August 2009 16-i CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 16-1 16.2 AIR EMISSIONS ANALYSIS......................................................................................... 16-1 16.2.1 Air Emissions Descriptions................................................................................ 16-1 16.2.2 Air Quality Regulation....................................................................................... 16-3 16.2.3 Analytical Methods for Air Emissions

72

Orthogonally referenced integrated ensemble for navigation and timing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An orthogonally referenced integrated ensemble for navigation and timing includes a dual-polyhedral oscillator array, including an outer sensing array of oscillators and an inner clock array of oscillators situated inside the outer sensing array. The outer sensing array includes a first pair of sensing oscillators situated along a first axis of the outer sensing array, a second pair of sensing oscillators situated along a second axis of the outer sensing array, and a third pair of sensing oscillators situated along a third axis of the outer sensing array. The inner clock array of oscillators includes a first pair of clock oscillators situated along a first axis of the inner clock array, a second pair of clock oscillators situated along a second axis of the inner clock array, and a third pair of clock oscillators situated along a third axis of the inner clock array.

Smith, Stephen Fulton; Moore, James Anthony

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

73

Logic synthesis for low power using clock gating and rewiring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, clock gating for power saving is mainly done at Register Transistor Level (RTL), while in a lower logical level some synthesis techniques, e.g. Observability Don't Care (ODC) can also be used to provide more power savings. In this paper, ... Keywords: clock gating, logic synthesis, low power

Tak-Kei Lam; Steve Yang; Wai-Chung Tang; Yu-Liang Wu

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Frequency Comparison of Two High-Accuracy Al+ Optical Clocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have constructed an optical clock with a fractional frequency inaccuracy of 8.6e-18, based on quantum logic spectroscopy of an Al+ ion. A simultaneously trapped Mg+ ion serves to sympathetically laser-cool the Al+ ion and detect its quantum state. The frequency of the 1S0->3P0 clock transition is compared to that of a previously constructed Al+ optical clock with a statistical measurement uncertainty of 7.0e-18. The two clocks exhibit a relative stability of 2.8e-15/ sqrt(tau), and a fractional frequency difference of -1.8e-17, consistent with the accuracy limit of the older clock.

Chou, C -W; Koelemeij, J C J; Wineland, D J; Rosenband, T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Blackbody radiation shift of B$^+$ clock transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A calculation of the blackbody radiation shift of the B$^+$ clock transition is performed. The polarizabilities of the B$^+$ $2s^2$ $^1$S$^e$, $2s2p$ $^1$P$^o$, and $2s2p$ $^3$P$^o$ states are computed using the configuration interaction method with an underlying semi-empirical core potential. The recommended dipole polarizabilities are 9.64(3) $a_0^3$, 7.78(3) $a_0^3$ and 16.55(5) $a_0^3$ respectively. The derived frequency shift for the $2s^2$ $^1$S$^e$ $\\to$ $2s2p$ $^3$P$^o_0$ transition at 300 K is 0.0160(5) Hz. The dipole polarizabilities agree with an earlier relativistic calculation (Safronova {\\em et al.} Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 107} 143006 (2011)) to better than 0.2%. Quadrupole and octupole polarizabilities and non-adiabatic multipole polarizabilities are also reported.

Cheng, Yongjun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Femtosecond Frequency Combs for Optical Clocks and Timing Transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and optical, through 10-km-scale optical fiber links. Actively stabilizing the optical phase delay of such a fiber link, we are able to transfer a cw optical frequency standard with a transfer instability of 6 of the optical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 4.4 Comparison of results

Ye, Jun

77

Orientation-Dependent Entanglement Lifetime in a Squeezed Atomic Clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study experimentally the application of a class of entangled states, squeezed spin states, to the improvement of atomic-clock precision. In the presence of anisotropic noise, the entanglement lifetime is strongly dependent ...

Leroux, Ian Daniel

78

Optical coherence and teleportation: Why a laser is a clock, not a quantum channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been argued [T. Rudolph and B.C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 87}, 077903 (2001)] that continuous-variable quantum teleportation at optical frequencies has not been achieved because the source used (a laser) was not `truly coherent'. Van Enk, and Fuchs [Phys. Rev. Lett, {\\bf 88}, 027902 (2002)], while arguing against Rudolph and Sanders, also accept that an `absolute phase' is achievable, even if it has not been achieved yet. I will argue to the contrary that `true coherence' or `absolute phase' is always illusory, as the concept of absolute time on a scale beyond direct human experience is meaningless. All we can ever do is to use an agreed time standard. In this context, a laser beam is fundamentally as good a `clock' as any other. I explain in detail why this claim is true, and defend my argument against various objections. In the process I discuss super-selection rules, quantum channels, and the ultimate limits to the performance of a laser as a clock. For this last topic I use some earlier work by myself [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 60}, 4083 (1999)] and Berry and myself [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 65}, 043803 (2002)] to show that a Heisenberg-limited laser with a mean photon number $\\mu$ can synchronize $M$ independent clocks each with a mean-square error of $\\sqrt{M}/4\\mu$ radians$^2$.

Howard M. Wiseman

2003-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

79

Defending Continuous Variable Teleportation: Why a laser is a clock, not a quantum channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been argued [T. Rudolph and B.C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 87}, 077903 (2001)] that continuous-variable quantum teleportation at optical frequencies has not been achieved because the source used (a laser) was not `truly coherent'. Van Enk, and Fuchs [Phys. Rev. Lett, {\\bf 88}, 027902 (2002)], while arguing against Rudolph and Sanders, also accept that an `absolute phase' is achievable, even if it has not been achieved yet. I will argue to the contrary that `true coherence' or `absolute phase' is always illusory, as the concept of absolute time (at least for frequencies beyond direct human experience) is meaningless. All we can ever do is to use an agreed time standard. In this context, a laser beam is fundamentally as good a `clock' as any other. I explain in detail why this claim is true, and defend my argument against various objections. In the process I discuss super-selection rules, quantum channels, and the ultimate limits to the performance of a laser as a clock. For this last topic I use some earlier work by myself [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 60}, 4083 (1999)] and Berry and myself [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 65}, 043803 (2002)] to show that a Heisenberg-limited laser with a mean photon number $\\mu$ can synchronize $M$ independent clocks each with a mean-square error of $\\sqrt{M}/4\\mu$ radians$^2$.

Howard M. Wiseman

2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

80

NIST Demonstrates Transfer of Ultraprecise Time Signals over ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the demonstration shows how next-generation atomic clocks at ... geodesy (altitude mapping), distribution of time ... need to be distributed with minimal ...

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Cosmic Time of Empire: Modern Britain and World Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time, Greenwich, and the Cosmopolitan Clock 2. “Turning Fromown terminology, “cosmopolitan”? Despite what one dissentingEmpire, but also the cosmopolitan standard for measuring the

Barrows, Adam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

NIST Time and Frequency Division 1998 - Current Directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The NIST Time Scale is the flywheel clock system that provides accurate signals for services and applications and serves as a reference for ...

83

Evaluation of Incompatibility Between an Electronic Air Ionizer and Digital Clock  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study evaluates the incompatibility between an electronic air ionizer and a digital clock.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

84

Phoenix: an epidemic approach to time reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Harsh deployment environments and uncertain run-time conditions create numerous challenges for postmortem time reconstruction methods. For example, motes often reboot and thus lose their clock state, considering that the majority of mote platforms lack ...

Jayant Gupchup; Douglas Carlson; R?zvan Mus?loiu-E.; Alex Szalay; Andreas Terzis

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Useful-Skew Clock Routing with Gate Sizing for Low Power Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new problem formulation and algorithm of clock routing combined with gate sizing for minimizing total logic and clock power. Instead of zero-skew or assuming a fixed skew bound, we seek to produce useful skews in clock routing. ...

Joe Gufeng Xi; Wayne Wei-Ming Dai

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Quantum key distribution system clocked at 2 GHz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An improved quantum key distribution test system operating at clock rates of up to 2GHz using a specially adapted commercially available silicon single photon avalanche diode is presented. The use of improved detectors has improved the fibre-based test system performance in terms of transmission distance and quantum bit error rate.

K. J. Gordon; V. Fernandez; G. S. Buller; I. Rech; S. D. Cova; P. D. Townsend

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

87

Does clock precision influence ZigBee's energy consumptions?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless embedded sensor networks are predicted to provide attractive application possibilities in industry as well as at home. IEEE 802.15.4 and ZigBee are proposed as standards for such networks with a particular focus on pairing reliability with energy ... Keywords: clock drift, distributed coordination, formal modelling, poweraware design, sensor networks

Christian Groß; Holger Hermanns; Reza Pulungan

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Quantum key distribution system clocked at 2 GHz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum key distribution system clocked at 2 GHz Karen J. Gordon, Veronica Fernandez, Gerald S, Ireland http://www.phy.hw.ac.uk/resrev/photoncounting/index.html Abstract: An improved quantum key-based quantum key distribution test system performance in terms of transmission distance and quantum bit error

Buller, Gerald S.

89

Convergence of clock processes on infinite graphs and aging in Bouchaud's asymmetric trap model on $\\Z^d$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a method developed by Durrett and Resnick, [23], we establish general criteria for the convergence of properly rescaled clock processes of random dynamics in random environments on infinite graphs. This extends the results of Gayrard, [27], Bovier and Gayrard, [20], and Bovier, Gayrard, and Svejda, [21], and gives a unified framework for proving convergence of clock processes. As a first application we prove that Bouchaud's asymmetric trap model on $Z^d$ exhibits a normal aging behavior for all $d \\geq 2$. Namely, we show that certain two-time correlation functions, among which the classical probability to find the process at the same site at two time points, converge, as the age of the process diverges, to the distribution function of the arcsine law. As a byproduct we prove that the fractional kinetics process ages.

Véronique Gayrard; Adela Svejda

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

90

Defending Continuous Variable Teleportation: Why a laser is a clock, not a quantum channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been argued [T. Rudolph and B.C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 87}, 077903 (2001)] that continuous-variable quantum teleportation at optical frequencies has not been achieved because the source used (a laser) was not `truly coherent'. Van Enk, and Fuchs [Phys. Rev. Lett, {\\bf 88}, 027902 (2002)], while arguing against Rudolph and Sanders, also accept that an `absolute phase' is achievable, even if it has not been achieved yet. I will argue to the contrary that `true coherence' or `absolute phase' is always illusory, as the concept of absolute time (at least for frequencies beyond direct human experience) is meaningless. All we can ever do is to use an agreed time standard. In this context, a laser beam is fundamentally as good a `clock' as any other. I explain in detail why this claim is true, and defend my argument against various objections. In the process I discuss super-selection rules, quantum channels, and the ultimate limits to the performance of a laser as a clock. For this last topic I use so...

Wiseman, H M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Optical coherence and teleportation Why a laser is a clock, not a quantum channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been argued [T. Rudolph and B.C. Sanders, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 87}, 077903 (2001)] that continuous-variable quantum teleportation at optical frequencies has not been achieved because the source used (a laser) was not `truly coherent'. Van Enk, and Fuchs [Phys. Rev. Lett, {\\bf 88}, 027902 (2002)], while arguing against Rudolph and Sanders, also accept that an `absolute phase' is achievable, even if it has not been achieved yet. I will argue to the contrary that `true coherence' or `absolute phase' is always illusory, as the concept of absolute time on a scale beyond direct human experience is meaningless. All we can ever do is to use an agreed time standard. In this context, a laser beam is fundamentally as good a `clock' as any other. I explain in detail why this claim is true, and defend my argument against various objections. In the process I discuss super-selection rules, quantum channels, and the ultimate limits to the performance of a laser as a clock. For this last topic I use some earlier work ...

Wiseman, H M

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

??Novel Phase-Coherent Programmable Clock  

Direct digital synthesis (DDS) technology permits the generation of high frequency-resolved waveforms that can be changed on the nanosecond time scale (4 ns minimum). However when the DDS switches frequency, it occurs at any point in the phase ...

93

Black-body radiation shift of the Ga$^{+}$ clock transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The blackbody radiation shift of the Ga$^+$ $4s^2 \\ ^1S^e_0 \\to 4s4p \\ ^3P^o_0$ clock transition is computed to be $-$$0.0140 \\pm 0.0048$ Hz at 300 K. The small shift is consistent with the blackbody shifts of the clock transitions of other group III ions which are of a similar size. The polarizabilities of the Ga$^+$ $4s^2 \\ ^1S^e_0$, $4s4p \\ ^3P^o_0$, and $4s4p \\ ^1P^o_1$ states were computed using the configuration interaction method with an underlying semi-empirical core potential. A byproduct of the analysis involved large scale calculations of the low lying spectrum and oscillator strengths of the Ga$^{2+}$ ion.

Cheng, Yongjun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Resetting chemical clocks of hot cores based on S-bearing molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a theoretical study of sulphur chemistry, as applied to hot cores, where S-bearing molecular ratios have been previously proposed and used as chemical clocks. As in previous models, we follow the S-bearing molecular composition after the injection of grain mantle components into the gas phase. For this study, we developed a time-dependent chemical model with up-to-date reaction rate coefficients. We ran several cases, using different realistic chemical compositions for the grain mantles and for the gas prior to mantle evaporation. The modeling shows that S-bearing molecular ratios depend very critically on the gas temperature and density, the abundance of atomic oxygen, and, most importantly, on the form of sulphur injected in the gas phase, which is very poorly known. Consequently, ratios of S-bearing molecules cannot be easily used as chemical clocks. However, detailed observations and careful modeling of both physical and chemical structure can give hints on the source age and constrain the mantle composition (i.e. the form of sulphur in cold molecular clouds) and, thus, help to solve the mystery of the sulphur depletion. We analyse in detail the cases of Orion and IRAS16293-2422. The comparison of the available observations with our model suggests that the majority of sulphur released from the mantles is mainly in, or soon converted into, atomic form.

Valentine Wakelam; Paola Caselli; Cecilia Ceccarelli; Eric Herbst; Alain Castets

2004-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

95

Energy Recovery from High-frequency Clocks using DC-DC Converters M. Alimadadi, S. Sheikhaei, G. Lemieux, S. Mirabbasi, W. Dunford, P. Palmer.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Recovery from High-frequency Clocks using DC-DC Converters M. Alimadadi, S. Sheikhaei, G Power Supply) PWM Controller PWM clock Rload Figure 1. Recycling clock energy with a DC-DC converter a significant amount of energy to distribute a multi-GHz clock. By discharging the clock network to ground every

Lemieux, Guy

96

System and method for adaptively deskewing parallel data signals relative to a clock  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method of reducing skew between a plurality of signals transmitted with a transmit clock is described. Skew is detected between the received transmit clock and each of received data signals. Delay is added to the clock or to one or more of the plurality of data signals to compensate for the detected skew. The delay added to each of the plurality of delayed signals is updated to adapt to changes in detected skew.

Jenkins, Philip Nord (Eau Claire, WI); Cornett, Frank N. (Chippewa Falls, WI)

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

97

System and method for adaptively deskewing parallel data signals relative to a clock  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method of reducing skew between a plurality of signals transmitted with a transmit clock is described. Skew is detected between the received transmit clock and each of received data signals. Delay is added to the clock or to one or more of the plurality of data signals to compensate for the detected skew. The delay added to each of the plurality of delayed signals is updated to adapt to changes in detected skew.

Jenkins, Philip Nord (Redwood Shores, CA); Cornett, Frank N. (Chippewa Falls, WI)

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

98

Low-power, miniature {sup 171}Yb ion clock using an ultra-small vacuum package  

SciTech Connect

We report a demonstration of a very small microwave atomic clock using the 12.6 GHz hyperfine transition of the trapped {sup 171}Yb ions inside a miniature, completely sealed-off 3 cm{sup 3} ion-trap vacuum package. In the ion clock system, all of the components are highly miniaturized with low power consumption except the 369 nm optical pumping laser still under development for miniaturization. The entire clock, including the control electronics, consumes <300 mW. The fractional frequency instability of the miniature Yb{sup +} clock reaches the 10{sup -14} range after a few days of integration.

Jau, Y.-Y.; Schwindt, P. D. D. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Partner, H. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Center for Quantum Information and Control (CQuIC), Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States); Prestage, J. D.; Kellogg, J. R.; Yu, N. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109 (United States)

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

99

Upgrade of NSLS timing system  

SciTech Connect

We report on the progress of the new NSLS timing system. There are three types of requirements for NSLS timing system: clocks, synchronization and trigger circuits. All ring revolution frequency clocks are generated using ECL and high speed TTL logic. The synchronization circuits allows to fill both storage rings with any bunch pattern. The triggers are generated by using commercially available digital delay generators. The delay unit`s outputs are ultrastable, with a resolution of 5 ps, and are programmed by computer via IEEE 488 interface. The block diagrams, description of all major timing components and the present status are provided in this paper.

Singh, O.; Ramamoorthy, S.; Sheehan, J.; Smith, J.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Low-power clock synchronization using electromagnetic energy radiating from AC power lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clock synchronization is highly desirable in many sensor networking applications. It enables event ordering, coordinated actuation, energy-efficient communication and duty cycling. This paper presents a novel low-power hardware module for achieving global ... Keywords: hardware clock synchronization, sensor networks, synchronization, wireless sensor networks

Anthony Rowe; Vikram Gupta; Ragunathan (Raj) Rajkumar

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A fully-integrated 5 Gbit/s CMOS clock and data recovery circuit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fully-integrated 5 Gb/s PLL-based clock and data recovery circuit based on a linear half-rate phase detector (PD) architecture is presented. Data retiming performed by the linear PD provides practically no systematic offset for the operating frequency ... Keywords: CMOS analog integrated circuits, Clock data recovery, Half-rate CDR, Linear PD, PLL

Tan Kok-Siang; Mohd-Shahiman Sulaiman; Mamun Reaz; Chuah Hean-Teik; Manoj Sachdev

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Upgrading Amerada-type survey clocks for high-temperature geothermal service  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Amerada type subsurface recording gauges have been used by the oil and gas industry for many years. These mechanical logging instruments are currently used by the growing geothermal industry. As the gauges were designed for service in low-temperature oil and gas wells, a significant number of failures are occurring at elevated geothermal temperatures. The spring-driven mechanical survey clocks appear to be the primary cause of these failures. The clock mechanisms tend to stop or lock-up when exposed to temperatures as high as 300/sup 0/C. A project that was undertaken to upgrade the survey clocks to 300/sup 0/C capability is summarized. The major problems causing clock failure were determined and were rectified by minor modifications and lubrication of the moving parts. Several clocks so modified performed reliably, both during laboratory oven tests and during field tests performed in actual geothermal wells at temperatures up to 330/sup 0/C.

Major, B.H.; Witten, C.L.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Logic Design for On-Chip Test Clock Generation - Implementation Details and Impact on Delay Test Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses delay test for SOC devices with high frequency clock domains. A logic design for on-chip high-speed clock generation, implemented to avoid expensive test equipment, is described in detail. Techniques for on-chip clock generation, meant to reduce test vector count and to increase test quality, are discussed. ATPG results for the proposed techniques are given.

Beck, Matthias; Kaibel, Martin; Poehl, Frank; Lin, Xijiang; Press, Ron

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Time and Identity: Socializing Schedules and the Implications for Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7 (Jon, 3;11; Ron, father; Noah, mother) 01 Ron ma ha ! a’aWhat time is it, mom? ’ 02 Noah ((looks at clock on wall)) !what ‘What? What? What? ’ 07 Noah ! e hegia ha zman lalexet

Kattan, Shlomy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

NIST Time and Frequency Services: Results of 2001 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... counter, set the clocks in the house and computers. ... I forsee a time in the future when nearly all ... I now have a WWVB-receiving solar-powered clok in ...

106

El agua no se vende, el agua se defiende : water rights transfers and community irrigation in New Mexico's acequias  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small farmers across New Mexico irrigate with acequias, a system of cooperative, gravity-fed ditches introduced in Spanish colonial times that remains well adapted to managing scarce water in a dry climate. While the acequia ...

Daly, Brian T. (Brian Thomas)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

A clock containing a massive object in a superposition of states; what makes Penrosian wavefunction collapse tick?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Penrose has been advocating the view that the collapse of the wave function is rooted in the incompatibility between general relativity and quantum mechanics. Asserting that gravity wins, he arrived on basis of dimensional analysis at an estimate for the collapse time. This is an ad-hoc affair and here we will present an analysis revolving around the explicit role of time in gravitational wave function collapse. We present a thought experiment, in which we investigate the behavior of a hypothetical clock containing a component which can be in a superposition of states. The clocking action comes from a single strong laser pulse traveling in an optical cavity. At its center it contains a massive object, whose only purpose is to introduce a curvature of space time into the problem. We find that a state of this massive object with a smaller radius, but with the same mass, experiences a larger time delay. Considering a coherent superposition of the large and small object, this suffers from an ambiguity in the definition of a common time for both states. We assert that this time ambiguity will affect the relative phase and that the wave function collapse will occur when this extra phase becomes of order unity. An absolute energy scale enters this equation and we recover Penrose's estimate for the collapse time when we set this equal to the rest mass of the object. This sheds light on the counterintuitive aspect of Penrose's claim that gravitational time dilation effects can play any role dealing with masses of order of micrograms: the rest mass is sufficiently large such that the tiny time differences can confuse the unitary time evolution.

Tjerk H. Oosterkamp; Jan Zaanen

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

Low-power flip-flop using internal clock gating and adaptive body bias.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation presents a new systematic approach to flip-flop design using Internal Clock Gating, (ICG), and Adaptive Body-Bias, (ABB), in order to reduce power consumption.… (more)

Galvis, Jorge Alberto

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Integrating digitizing pen technology and machine learning with the Clock Drawing Test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is a medical test for neurodegenerative diseases that has been proven to have high diagnostic value due to its ease of administration and accurate results. In order to standardize the administration ...

Felch, Kristen (Kristen M.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Radio Frequency Phototube, Optical Clock and Precise Measurements in Nuclear Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently a new experimental program of novel systematic studies of light hypernuclei using pionic decay was established at JLab (Study of Light Hypernuclei by Pionic Decay at JLab, JLab Experiment PR-08-012). The highlights of the proposed program include high precision measurements of binding energies of hypernuclei by using a high resolution pion spectrometer, HpiS. The average values of binding energies will be determined within an accuracy of ~10 keV or better. Therefore, the crucial point of this program is an absolute calibration of the HpiS with accuracy 10E-4 or better. The merging of continuous wave laser-based precision optical-frequency metrology with mode-locked ultrafast lasers has led to precision control of the visible frequency spectrum produced by mode-locked lasers. Such a phase-controlled mode-locked laser forms the foundation of an optical clock or femtosecond optical frequency comb (OFC) generator, with a regular comb of sharp lines with well defined frequencies. Combination of this technique with a recently developed radio frequency (RF) phototube results in a new tool for precision time measurement. We are proposing a new time-of-flight (TOF) system based on an RF phototube and OFC technique. The proposed TOF system achieves 10 fs instability level and opens new possibilities for precise measurements in nuclear physics such as an absolute calibration of magnetic spectrometers within accuracy 10E-4 - 10E-5.

Amur Margaryan

2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

111

Blackbody radiation shift in the Sr optical atomic clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluated the static and dynamic polarizabilities of the 5s^2 ^1S_0 and 5s5p ^3P_0^o states of Sr using the high-precision relativistic configuration interaction + all-order method. Our calculation explains the discrepancy between the recent experimental 5s^2 ^1S_0 - 5s5p ^3P_0^o dc Stark shift measurement \\Delta \\alpha = 247.374(7) a.u. [Middelmann et. al, arXiv:1208.2848 (2012)] and the earlier theoretical result of 261(4) a.u. [Porsev and Derevianko, Phys. Rev. A 74, 020502R (2006)]. Our present value of 247.5 a.u. is in excellent agreement with the experimental result. We also evaluated the dynamic correction to the BBR shift with 1 % uncertainty; -0.1492(16) Hz. The dynamic correction to the BBR shift is unusually large in the case of Sr (7 %) and it enters significantly into the uncertainty budget of the Sr optical lattice clock. We suggest future experiments that could further reduce the present uncertainties.

Safronova, M S; Safronova, U I; Kozlov, M G; Clark, Charles W

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Blackbody radiation shift in the Sr optical atomic clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluated the static and dynamic polarizabilities of the 5s^2 ^1S_0 and 5s5p ^3P_0^o states of Sr using the high-precision relativistic configuration interaction + all-order method. Our calculation explains the discrepancy between the recent experimental 5s^2 ^1S_0 - 5s5p ^3P_0^o dc Stark shift measurement \\Delta \\alpha = 247.374(7) a.u. [Middelmann et. al, arXiv:1208.2848 (2012)] and the earlier theoretical result of 261(4) a.u. [Porsev and Derevianko, Phys. Rev. A 74, 020502R (2006)]. Our present value of 247.5 a.u. is in excellent agreement with the experimental result. We also evaluated the dynamic correction to the BBR shift with 1 % uncertainty; -0.1492(16) Hz. The dynamic correction to the BBR shift is unusually large in the case of Sr (7 %) and it enters significantly into the uncertainty budget of the Sr optical lattice clock. We suggest future experiments that could further reduce the present uncertainties.

M. S. Safronova; S. G. Porsev; U. I. Safronova; M. G. Kozlov; Charles W. Clark

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

113

Real-time var control by SCADA  

SciTech Connect

This paper outlines the operation and advantages of the SCADA capacitor control called CAPCON, developed by the Virginia Electric and Power Company (Virginia Power). CAPCON is used to control vars system-wide by switching substation capacitor banks based on real-time var and voltage data instead of the traditional time clock method.

Girotti, T.B.; Tweed, N.B.; Houser, N.R. (Virginia Power Co., Richmond, VA (USA))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Scheduling and resource binding algorithm considering timing variation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The timing closure problem (e.g., meeting timing/ clock period constraint) is one of the most important problems in the design automation. However, the rapid increase of the impact of the process variation on circuit timing makes the problem much more ... Keywords: binding, high-level synthesis, scheduling, timing analysis, timing variation

Jongyoon Jung; Taewhan Kim

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Solar Decathlon Teams Working Around the Clock to Assemble Homes For  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Teams Working Around the Clock to Assemble Homes Teams Working Around the Clock to Assemble Homes For Competition Solar Decathlon Teams Working Around the Clock to Assemble Homes For Competition September 14, 2011 - 12:59pm Addthis The City College of New York team gathers at the 2011 Solar Decathlon’s All-Team Meeting, immediately before the assembly stage of the competition. | Photo Credit: Carol Anna/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon. The City College of New York team gathers at the 2011 Solar Decathlon's All-Team Meeting, immediately before the assembly stage of the competition. | Photo Credit: Carol Anna/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon. Carol Anna Communications Manager for the 2011 Solar Decathlon "I've learned more on this one project than I have in four years of college."

116

A low jitter programmable clock multiplier based on a pulse injection-locked oscillator with a highly-digital tuning loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces a pulse injection-locked oscillator (PILO) that provides low jitter clock multiplication of a clean input reference clock. A mostly-digital feedback circuit provides continuous tuning of the oscillator ...

Perrott, Michael H.

117

NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 8 | FEBRUARY 2012 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 101 The hands of the Doomsday Clock have  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was founded by Manhattan Project physicists in the wake of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki of the Doomsday Clock have moved a minute closer to midnight. Established by the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, who are tasked with setting the clock, have signalled their concern

Loss, Daniel

118

Real-Time Per-Cycle Energy Consumption Measurement of Digital Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This technical report introduces a real-time per-clock-cycle energy measurement technique for power analysis and reduction of synchronous state machines. This technique guarantees accuracy with a sampling rate of twice the clock frequency under spiky current draw common in digital systems. In addition, it acquires the energy consumption profile in real-time, thus, not requiring repeated operation of the target system.

Naehyuck Chang; Kwanho Kim

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Quantum tunneling time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple model of a quantum clock is applied to the old and controversial problem of how long a particle takes to tunnel through a quantum barrier. The model I employ has the advantage of yielding sensible results for energy eigenstates, and does not require the use of time-dependant wave packets. Although the treatment does not forbid superluminal tunneling velocities, there is no implication of faster-than-light signaling because only the transit duration is measurable, not the absolute time of transit. A comparison is given with the weak-measurement post-selection calculations of Steinberg.

P. C. W. Davies

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Digital time delay  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are provided for generating an output pulse following a trigger pulse at a time delay interval preset with a resolution which is high relative to a low resolution available from supplied clock pulses. A first lumped constant delay provides a first output signal at predetermined interpolation intervals corresponding to the desired high resolution time interval. Latching circuits latch the high resolution data to form a first synchronizing data set. A selected time interval has been preset to internal counters and corrected for circuit propagation delay times having the same order of magnitude as the desired high resolution. Internal system clock pulses count down the counters to generate an internal pulse delayed by an internal which is functionally related to the preset time interval. A second LCD corrects the internal signal with the high resolution time delay. A second internal pulse is then applied to a third LCD to generate a second set of synchronizing data which is complementary with the first set of synchronizing data for presentation to logic circuits. The logic circuits further delay the internal output signal with the internal pulses. The final delayed output signal thereafter enables the output pulse generator to produce the desired output pulse at the preset time delay interval following input of the trigger pulse.

Martin, A.D.

1986-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Working Against the Clock: The Implementation of Welfare Time Limits in California - Detailed Research Findings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experience to a pre­CalWORKs AFDC program with a somewhat with Dependent Children (AFDC) program with Temporary and administration.   The AFDC program and the new TANF 

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

High resolution time interval meter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus are provided for measuring the time interval between two events to a higher resolution than reliability available from conventional circuits and component. An internal clock pulse is provided at a frequency compatible with conventional component operating frequencies for reliable operation. Lumped constant delay circuits are provided for generating outputs at delay intervals corresponding to the desired high resolution. An initiation START pulse is input to generate first high resolution data. A termination STOP pulse is input to generate second high resolution data. Internal counters count at the low frequency internal clock pulse rate between the START and STOP pulses. The first and second high resolution data are logically combined to directly provide high resolution data to one counter and correct the count in the low resolution counter to obtain a high resolution time interval measurement.

Martin, A.D.

1986-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

123

Analysis of Power-Clocked CMOS with Application to the Design of Energy-Recovery Circuits*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of Power-Clocked CMOS with Application to the Design of Energy-Recovery Circuits* Massoud to the ground terminal, resulting in an irreversible energy conversion from electric energy to heat. As a result of energy conversion, i.e., one that minimizes the conversion of electric energy to heat. An energy

Pedram, Massoud

124

BATTERY AWARE TASK SCHEDULING FOR A SYSTEM-ON-A-CHIP USING VOLTAGE/CLOCK SCALING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BATTERY AWARE TASK SCHEDULING FOR A SYSTEM-ON-A-CHIP USING VOLTAGE/CLOCK SCALING Princey Chowdhury Engineering Tempe AZ 85287 ABSTRACT Battery lifetime is a critical parameter in the operation of mobile computing devices. The lifetime of such devices is directly dependent on the battery discharge profile

Chakrabarti, Chaitali

125

Process cruise control: event-driven clock scaling for dynamic power management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scalability of the core frequency is a common feature of low-power processor architectures. Many heuristics for frequency scaling were proposed in the past to find the best trade-off between energy efficiency and computational performance. With complex ... Keywords: clock scaling, event counters, power management, scheduling

Andreas Weissel; Frank Bellosa

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Reducing transistor count in clocked standard cells with ambipolar double-gate FETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a set of circuit design approaches to achieve clocked standard logic cell functions with ambipolar double-gate devices such as the Double Gate Carbon Nanotube FET (DG-CNTFET). The cells presented in this work use the infield controllability ... Keywords: CNTFETs, advanced technologies, ambipolar double-gate devices, dynamic logic, standard cells

K. Jabeur; D. Navarro; I. O'Connor; P. E. Gaillardon; M. H. Ben Jamaa; F. Clermidy

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

An ontology of time for the semantic web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In connection with the DAML project for bringing about the Semantic Web, an ontology of time is being developed for describing the temporal content of Web pages and the temporal properties of Web services. This ontology covers topological properties ... Keywords: clock and calendar, duration, ontology, semantic web, temporal information, temporal relation, time, time zone

Jerry R. Hobbs; Feng Pan

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Why Time is Future Oriented  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We assume that the universe consists of clusters which in turns have sub-clusters and the sub-clusters have sub-subclusters and so on. Confining to three-dimensional space, it is shown that the universe is expanding if entropy of the universe increases. It is also shown that clocks slow down when time progresses towards future. Our model also justifies the big bang theory.

Shahid N. Afridi; M. Khalid Khan

2004-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

129

Individual Flip-Flops with Gated Clocks for Low Power Datapaths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumption has become one of the important factors in digital systems, because of the requirement to dissipate this energy in high-density circuits and to extend the battery life in portable systems such as devices with wireless communication capabilities. Flip-flops are one of the most energyconsuming components of digital circuits. This paper presents techniques to reduce energy consumption by individually deactivating the clock when flip-flops do not have to change their value. Flip-flop structures are proposed and selection criteria given to obtain minimum energy consumption. The structures have been evaluated using energy models and validated by switch-level simulations. For the applications considered, significant energy reductions are achieved. Index Terms---Flip-flop energy model, gated clocks, low power datapaths. I.

Tomas Lang Enric; Low Power Datapaths

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Design of oversampling current steering DAC with 640MHz equivalent clock frequency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter) architecture based on the current steering method is proposed. The architecture exploits the first order sigma-delta modulator, oversampling technique, multi-bit and MASH (multi stage noise shaping) configuration. The DAC adopted MASH structure requires two current steering 6-bit D/A converters whose current references are properly scaled. The two output currents are combined at the output node to achieve the output signal. For high frequency operation, we modified sigma-delta structure to parallel four paths digital sigma-delta modulator by concerning the data stream in the conventional sigma-delta architecture. Each path has the 160MHz-clock frequency so that total output data stream can work at 640MHz-clock frequency. Since the DAC employs multi-bit solution, the dynamic matching of element technique is applied to current cells in the DAC. Rotated data weight averaging algorithm, one of the matching techniques, is used for mismatch error reduction. The DAC operates with an oversampling factor equal to 8 and 40 MHz band-width (clock frequency 640 MHz) and the possible output SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) reaches an SNR as large as 86 dB.

Choi, Yunyoung

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Doppler-free spectroscopy of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in laser-cooled fermionic isotopes of neutral mercury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed for the first time direct laser spectroscopy of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition at 265.6 nm in fermionic isotopes of neutral mercury laser-cooled in a magneto-optical trap. Spectroscopy is performed by measuring the depletion of the magneto-optical trap induced by the excitation of the long-lived 3P0 state by a probe at 265.6 nm. Measurements resolve the Doppler-free recoil doublet allowing for a determination of the transition frequency to an uncer- tainty well below the Doppler-broadened linewidth. We have performed absolute measurement of the frequency with respect to an ultra-stable reference monitored by LNE-SYRTE fountain pri- mary frequency standards using a femtosecond laser frequency comb. The measured frequency is 1128575290808 +/- 5.6 kHz in 199Hg and 1128569561140 +/- 5.3 kHz in 201Hg, more than 4 orders of magnitude better than previous indirect determinations. Owing to a low sensitivity to blackbody radiation, mercury is a promising candidate for reaching the ultimate performance of optical lattice clocks.

M. Petersen; R. Chicireanu; S. T. Dawkins; D. V. Magalhăes; C. Mandache; Y. Lecoq; A. Clairon; S. Bize

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

132

Determination of the 5d6s 3D1 state lifetime and blackbody radiation clock shift in Yb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Stark shift of the ytterbium optical clock transition due to room temperature blackbody radiation is dominated by a static Stark effect, which was recently measured to high accuracy [J. A. Sherman et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 153002 (2012)]. However, room temperature operation of the clock at 10^{-18} inaccuracy requires a dynamic correction to this static approximation. This dynamic correction largely depends on a single electric dipole matrix element for which theoretically and experimentally derived values disagree significantly. We determine this important matrix element by two independent methods, which yield consistent values. Along with precise radiative lifetimes of 6s6p 3P1 and 5d6s 3D1, we report the clock's blackbody radiation shift to 0.05% precision.

Beloy, K; Lemke, N D; Hinkley, N; Oates, C W; Ludlow, A D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Time and Frequency News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST/CU 'Star Comb' Joins Quest for Earthlike Planets Release Date: 03/06 ... New Calculations on Blackbody Energy Set the Stage for Clocks with ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

134

NIST Internet time service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Most operating systems (ie Windows, Mac, Linux) have an option to automatically synchronize the system clock periodically using an NTP (network ...

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

135

900 IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 40, NO. 7, JULY 2004 A Short Wavelength GigaHertz Clocked Fiber-Optic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hertz Clocked Fiber-Optic Quantum Key Distribution System Karen J. Gordon, Veronica Fernandez, Paul D. Townsend telecommunications optical fiber, which is capable of operating at clock rates of greater than 1 GHz. The QKD system the possibility of free-space [5]­[8] and optical fiber-based QKD systems [9]­[14]. There has been growing

Buller, Gerald S.

136

Gyromagnetic factors and atomic clock constraints on the variation of fundamental constants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the effect of the coupled variations of fundamental constants on the nucleon magnetic moment. The nucleon g-factor enters into the interpretation of the measurements of variations in the fine-structure constant, {alpha}, in both the laboratory (through atomic clock measurements) and in astrophysical systems (e.g. through measurements of the 21 cm transitions). A null result can be translated into a limit on the variation of a set of fundamental constants, that is usually reduced to {alpha}. However, in specific models, particularly unification models, changes in {alpha} are always accompanied by corresponding changes in other fundamental quantities such as the QCD scale, {Lambda}{sub QCD}. This work tracks the changes in the nucleon g-factors induced from changes in {Lambda}{sub QCD} and the light quark masses. In principle, these coupled variations can improve the bounds on the variation of {alpha} by an order of magnitude from existing atomic clock and astrophysical measurements. Unfortunately, the calculation of the dependence of g-factors on fundamental parameters is notoriously model-dependent.

Luo Feng [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Olive, Keith A. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Uzan, Jean-Philippe [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR-7095 du CNRS, Universite Paris VI Pierre et Marie Curie, 98 bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris (France); Astrophysics, Cosmology Gravitation Centre, Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa); National Institute for Theoretical Physics (NITheP), Stellenbosch 7600 (South Africa)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

FLIGHT: Clock Calibration Using Fluorescent Lighting Zhenjiang Li1,4, Wenwei Chen1, Cheng Li1, Mo Li1, Xiang-yang Li2, Yunhao Liu3,4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FLIGHT: Clock Calibration Using Fluorescent Lighting Zhenjiang Li1,4, Wenwei Chen1, Cheng Li1, Mo propose a novel clock calibration approach called FLIGHT, which leverages the fact that the fluorescent, Performance Keywords Clock calibration, Fluorescent lighting, Energy efficiency 1. INTRODUCTION Maintaining

Liu, Yunhao

138

Vector Time Management Based on Topology Information for HLA/RTI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aimed to reduce the overheads using the Time Management (TM) in HLA based distributed simulations, the TM based on publish-subscribe topology information is investigated. The condition under which the message may be received before its causal predecessor ... Keywords: Time management, Vector clock, Causal order, Topology information, Algorithms

Chunpeng Chen; Hongjin Jia

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

A time-based energy-efficient analog-to-digital converter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dual-slope converters use time to perform analog-to-digital conversion but require 2N+1 clock cycles to achieve N bits of precision. We describe a novel algorithm that also uses time to perform analog-to-digital conversion ...

Yang, Heemin Yi, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Cold Atom Clock Test of Lorentz Invariance in the Matter Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a new experiment that tests for a violation of Lorentz invariance (LI), by searching for a dependence of atomic transition frequencies on the orientation of the spin of the involved states (Hughes-Drever type experiment). The atomic frequencies are measured using a laser cooled $^{133}$Cs atomic fountain clock, operating on a particular combination of Zeeman substates. We analyze the results within the framework of the Lorentz violating standard model extension (SME), where our experiment is sensitive to a largely unexplored region of the SME parameter space, corresponding to first measurements of four proton parameters and improvements by 11 and 13 orders of magnitude on the determination of four others. In spite of the attained uncertainties, and of having extended the search into a new region of the SME, we still find no indication of LI violation.

Wolf, P; Chapelet, F; Clairon, A; Bize, Sebastien; Chapelet, Frederic; Clairon, Andre; Wolf, Peter

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Cold Atom Clock Test of Lorentz Invariance in the Matter Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a new experiment that tests for a violation of Lorentz invariance (LI), by searching for a dependence of atomic transition frequencies on the orientation of the spin of the involved states (Hughes-Drever type experiment). The atomic frequencies are measured using a laser cooled $^{133}$Cs atomic fountain clock, operating on a particular combination of Zeeman substates. We analyze the results within the framework of the Lorentz violating standard model extension (SME), where our experiment is sensitive to a largely unexplored region of the SME parameter space, corresponding to first measurements of four proton parameters and improvements by 11 and 13 orders of magnitude on the determination of four others. In spite of the attained uncertainties, and of having extended the search into a new region of the SME, we still find no indication of LI violation.

Peter Wolf; Frederic Chapelet; Sebastien Bize; Andre Clairon

2006-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

142

An Energy-efficient Clock Synchronization Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behavior of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is nowadays widely analyzed. One of the most important issues is related to their energy consumption, as this has a major impact on the network lifetime. Another important application requirement is to ensure data sensing synchronization, which leads to additional energy consumption as a high number of messages is sent and received at each node. Our proposal consists in implementing a combined synchronization protocol based on the IEEE 1588 standard that was designed for wired networks and the PBS (Pairwise Broadcast Synchronization) protocol that was designed for sensor networks, as none of them is able to provide the needed synchronization accuracy for our application on its own. The main goals of our new synchronization protocol are: to ensure the accuracy of local clocks up to a tenth of a microsecond and to provide an important energy saving. Our results obtained using NS-2 (Network Simulator) show that the performance of our solution (IEEE 1588-PBS) matches...

Albu, Roxana; Thierry, Gayraud; Pascal, Berthou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Building Technologies Office: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Use to Save Money. Learn More. News DOE Issues Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Energy Conservation Standard August 29, 2013 DOE Issues...

144

Centralized Run-Time Resource Management in a Network-on-Chip Containing Reconfigurable Hardware Tiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science University British Columbia Vancouver, V6T Canada {swyang,mrg}@cs.ubc.ca Abstract. This paper is abstract. Hopefully, won't abstract time submit Introduction Fig. Synchronous Pipeline Stage Surfing Figure 1 shows typical synchronous pipeline stage. For proper operation, clock period must longer than

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

145

Time Domain Stability Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST researchers need the best tools for identifying the type and cause of undesirable clock noise. ... For an N-point data run, N-2 for Thęo1 vs. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

146

Modern time keeping and relativity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... p is equal to ˝ for a passive clock. ... 1-Reduce the line width by cooling the atoms. ... Cooled slow atoms ? Dn reduced by two orders of magnitude Spin ...

2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

147

SIM Time and Frequency Working Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... National Web Clocks (outside SIM). China; Germany; Italy; Japan; Malaysia; Singapore; Taiwan. CMC Related Files. Blank CMC form (Excel File). ...

148

Timing Synchronization and Node Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks: Efficient Estimation Approaches and Performance Bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) consist of a large number of sensor nodes, capable of on-board sensing and data processing, that are employed to observe some phenomenon of interest. With their desirable properties of flexible deployment, resistance to harsh environment and lower implementation cost, WSNs envisage a plethora of applications in diverse areas such as industrial process control, battle- field surveillance, health monitoring, and target localization and tracking. Much of the sensing and communication paradigm in WSNs involves ensuring power efficient transmission and finding scalable algorithms that can deliver the desired performance objectives while minimizing overall energy utilization. Since power is primarily consumed in radio transmissions delivering timing information, clock synchronization represents an indispensable requirement to boost network lifetime. This dissertation focuses on deriving efficient estimators and performance bounds for the clock parameters in a classical frequentist inference approach as well as in a Bayesian estimation framework. A unified approach to the maximum likelihood (ML) estimation of clock offset is presented for different network delay distributions. This constitutes an analytical alternative to prior works which rely on a graphical maximization of the likelihood function. In order to capture the imperfections in node oscillators, which may render a time-varying nature to the clock offset, a novel Bayesian approach to the clock offset estimation is proposed by using factor graphs. Message passing using the max-product algorithm yields an exact expression for the Bayesian inference problem. This extends the current literature to cases where the clock offset is not deterministic, but is in fact a random process. A natural extension of pairwise synchronization is to develop algorithms for the more challenging case of network-wide synchronization. Assuming exponentially distributed random delays, a network-wide clock synchronization algorithm is proposed using a factor graph representation of the network. Message passing using the max- product algorithm is adopted to derive the update rules for the proposed iterative procedure. A closed form solution is obtained for each node's belief about its clock offset at each iteration. Identifying the close connections between the problems of node localization and clock synchronization, we also address in this dissertation the problem of joint estimation of an unknown node's location and clock parameters by incorporating the effect of imperfections in node oscillators. In order to alleviate the computational complexity associated with the optimal maximum a-posteriori estimator, two iterative approaches are proposed as simpler alternatives. The first approach utilizes an Expectation-Maximization (EM) based algorithm which iteratively estimates the clock parameters and the location of the unknown node. The EM algorithm is further simplified by a non-linear processing of the data to obtain a closed form solution of the location estimation problem using the least squares (LS) approach. The performance of the estimation algorithms is benchmarked by deriving the Hybrid Cramer-Rao lower bound (HCRB) on the mean square error (MSE) of the estimators. We also derive theoretical lower bounds on the MSE of an estimator in a classical frequentist inference approach as well as in a Bayesian estimation framework when the likelihood function is an arbitrary member of the exponential family. The lower bounds not only serve to compare various estimators in our work, but can also be useful in their own right in parameter estimation theory.

Ahmad, Aitzaz 1984-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time October 30, 2013 - 12:36pm Addthis This Sunday, people across the country will set their clocks back an hour, marking an end to Daylight Saving Time. | Photo courtesy of iStock Photo, WoodyUpstate. This Sunday, people across the country will set their clocks back an hour, marking an end to Daylight Saving Time. | Photo courtesy of iStock Photo, WoodyUpstate. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Looking for Energy-Saving Tips? Check out our lighting page to learn about ways to save electricity. Learn how to incorporate daylighting into your home. For more ways to save, visit Energy Saver. This article is part of the Energy.gov series highlighting the "Top

150

Nano-Hertz Gravitational Waves Searches with Interferometric Pulsar Timing Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimate the sensitivity to nano-Hertz gravitational waves of pulsar timing experiments in which two highly-stable millisecond pulsars are tracked simultaneously with two neighboring radio telescopes that are referenced to the same time-keeping subsystem (i.e. "the clock"). By taking the difference of the two time-of-arrival residual data streams we can exactly cancel the clock noise in the combined data set, thereby enhancing the sensitivity to gravitational waves. We estimate that, in the band ($10^{-9} - 10^{-8}$) Hz, this "interferometric" pulsar timing technique can potentially improve the sensitivity to gravitational radiation by almost two orders of magnitude over that of single-telescopes. Interferometric pulsar timing experiments could be performed with neighboring pairs of antennas of the forthcoming large arraying projects.

Massimo Tinto

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

151

Organization of the circadian clock and control of rhythmicity in fungi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Circadian rhythms in biological processes occur in a wide range of organisms and are generated by endogenous oscillators. In Neurospora crassa, the FRQ-oscillator (comprised of FRQ, WC-1 and WC-2) is essential for rhythms in asexual sporulation and gene expression. How this oscillator signals to the cell to control rhythmicity is unknown. Furthermore, under certain growth conditions, rhythms are observed in FRQ-null strains, indicating the presence of one or more FRQ-less oscillators (FLOs). Interestingly, while circadian rhythms are observed in the related Aspergillus spp., they lack the frq gene, leading to the hypothesis that a FLO is responsible for rhythms in Aspergillus. Thus, Aspergillus provides a useful organism to investigate the components of the FLO. To investigate how an oscillator controls circadian output, we characterized the role of N. crassa NRC-2. The nrc-2 gene is under control of the clock and encodes a putative serine-threonine protein kinase. In a NRC-2-null strain cultured in low glucose conditions, FRQ-oscillator-dependent outputs are arrhythmic, but are rhythmic in high glucose. Our data suggests a model whereby NRC-2 relays metabolic information to the FRQ-oscillator to control rhythmic output. To understand the role of FLO(s) in the N. crassa circadian system, we examined regulation of the ccg-16 gene. We show that ccg-16 transcript rhythmicity is FRQ-independent, but WC-1-dependent. Furthermore, in contrast to current models for the FRQ-oscillator, we observed that rhythms in WC-1 protein accumulation persist in the absence of FRQ. These data support a new model involving two oscillators that are coupled through the WC-1 protein and that regulate different outputs. One approach to identify components of the FLO involved characterizing circadian rhythms in Aspergillus spp, which lacks FRQ. We find that A. flavus and A. nidulans, display circadian rhythms in sporulation and gene expression, respectively. Together, these findings provide a foundation for the identification of FLO components in both Aspergillus and N. crassa, that will ultimately lead to an understanding of how a multi-oscillator system can generate and coordinate circadian rhythmicity.

Greene, Andrew Vanderford

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Current status of DIII-D real-time digital plasma control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the current status of real-time digital plasma control for the DIII-D tokamak. The digital plasma control system (PCS) has been in place at DIII-D since the early 1990s and continues to expand and improve in its capabilities to monitor and control plasma parameters for DIII-D fusion science experiments. The PCs monitors over 200 tokamak parameters from the DIII-D experiment using a real-time data acquisition system that acquires a new set of samples once every 60 {micro}s. This information is then used in a number of feedback control algorithms to compute and control a variety of parameters including those affecting plasma shape and position. A number of system related improvements has improved the usability and flexibility of the DIII-D PCS. These include more graphical user interfaces to assist in entering and viewing the large and ever growing number of parameters controlled by the PCS, increased interaction and accessibility from other DIII-D applications, and upgrades to the computer hardware and vended software. Future plans for the system include possible upgrades of the real-time computers, further links to other DIII-D diagnostic measurements such as real-time Thomson scattering analysis, and joint collaborations with other tokamak experiments including the NSTX at Princeton.

Penaflor, B.G.; Piglowski, D.A.; Ferron, J.R.; Walker, M.L.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A Simulator for Timed CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time is an integral aspect of computer systems. It is essential for modelling a system’s performance, but may also affect its safety or security. Timed CSP [Sch00] conservatively extends the process algebra CSP with timed primitives, where real numbers ? 0 model how time passes with reference to a single, conceptually global, clock. While there have been approaches for model checking Timed CSP ([Sch00, DHSZ06]), to the best of our knowledge we are the first to present a simulator for Timed CSP. Here, we restrict time to rational values only. Theoretically, this limits the expressibility of the language. Practically, this limitation turns out to be negligible (for instance all examples of Schneider’s book [Sch00] can be dealt with in our simulator). The simulator is the outcome of an undergraduate project at Swansea University [Dra11]. Our Timed CSP simulator extends the open source tool ProB [Leu]. ProB’s CSP simulator works as follows: The CSP specification is analyzed by a parser (written in Haskell) and translated to a representation in Prolog. A CSP Interpreter (in Prolog) stores the “firing rules” of CSP’s operational semantics. The Simulator (also in Prolog) determines the actions available and the resultant states. A GUI (written in Tcl/Tk) allows the user to interact with the Simulator. Timed CSP is closed under rational time [DNR11]. Consider, for example, the following firing rule ( t ? stands for a timed transition of duration t): P d? ? P ? (P ?d Q) d?

Marc Dragon; Andy Gimblett; Markus Roggenbach; Jens Bendisposto; Cliff Jones; Michael Leuschel; Er Romanovsky; Tiziana Margaria; Julia Padberg; Gabriele Taentzer; Marc Dragon; Andy Gimblett; Markus Roggenbach

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Two clocks in the PSR J0737--3039 binary system and their implications for the system's origin and evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As discussed elsewhere in these proceedings, the double pulsar system is a magnificent laboratory for gravitational physics and for studying pulsar magnetospheres. Here we consider the uses of having two clocks in the system in the context of its origin and evolution. We find that the ``standard'' evolutionary scenario involving spin-up of the first-born neutron star in an X-ray binary phase is consistent with the observed parameters. Equality of the spin-down ages of the two pulsars requires that the post-accretion spin period of A most likely lies in the range $16 \\lapp P_{\\rm 0,A} \\lapp 21$ ms. The likely age of the system is 30-70 Myr.

D. R. Lorimer; M. Burgay; P. C. C. Freire; A. G. Lyne; M. Kramer; A. Possenti; M. A. McLaughlin; F. Camilo; R. N. Manchester; N. D'Amico; B. C. Joshi

2004-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

155

You May Never Have to Reset a Clock Again / Vinegar Cloud ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ``In fact,'' says Don Sullivan, chief of NIST's Time ... Media Contact: Collier Smith (Boulder), (303) 497-3198 smithcn@boulder.nist.gov ASTRONOMY. ...

156

MEMS technology for timing and frequency control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

physics pack- 10 7 using atomic ages, which so far havescale atomic clock—low-power physics pack- age,” in Proc.

Nguyen, CTC

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Time and Frequency Division - 1997 Technical Highlights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... have locked a microwave source to the ions' ground state hyperfine ... pseudo-random GPS clock variations associated with Selective Availability ( ...

158

Functional verification of a frequency-programmable switch chip with asynchronous clock sections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An integral part of the IBM eServerTM z990 I/O subsystem is the self-timed interface (STI) switch chip. The STI switch is an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) designed to provide high I/O connectivity and high bandwidth within ...

B. Hoppe; B. Arthur-Mensah; E. W. Chencinski; S. Joseph; H. Kumar; J. F. Silverio

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

A New Rb Lamp Exciter Circuit for Rb atomic clocks and Studies on Transition from Ring to Red mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we describe the development of novel RF exciter circuit for electrode less Rb lamp. The lamp exciter circuit is a RF oscillator with a a new configuration operating at 60 to 65 MHz frequency with 3 to 4 watt power. The Rb lamp is used in exciting the ground state hyperfine transitions in Rb atom in a glass cell placed inside a tuned microwave cavity, As the frequency of these hyperfine transitions is very stable it is used in the development of Rb atomic clock by phase locking the oven controlled crystal oscillator (OCXO) to this atomic transition frequency. The details of the Rb lamp exciter are presented in the paper.The Lamp is ideally operated in ring mode as in this mode the linewidth is narrow and there is no self reversal. However, high temperature and RF excitation power may drive the Rb lamp to red mode which gives rise to line broadening and self reversal. It is the experience that mode change from ring to red deteriorates the atomic signal strength and S/N. In this paper the reasons of mode change are also discussed.

Savita Singh; Bikash Ghosal; G M Saxena

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

160

What makes the lysis clock tick? A study of the bacteriophage holin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The timing of host lysis is the only decision made in the bacteriophage lytic cycle. To optimize timing, double-stranded DNA phages use a 2-component lysis system consisting of a muralytic enzyme, the endolysin, and a small membrane protein, the holin, which controls the timing of lysis. The best characterized holin gene to date is the S gene of bacteriophage ?. One unusual feature of the S gene is that it produces two proteins of opposing function: the holin, S105, and the antiholin, S107. Raab et al isolated and characterized a number of S mutants, but all of them expressed both the holin and the antiholin; it is possible, then, that the true extent of the holin-holin interactions were masked by interactions with the antiholin. Thus, a large number of S105 mutants were created, and their phenotypes characterized in the absence of the antiholin. The interaction between those mutants and the wild-type were examined in an attempt to better understand what determines the timing of hole formation by S105. S105 and S107 differ only by two amino acids at the N-terminus; S107 has an additional Met-Lys sequence. Previous studies have shown that S107 may have a different topology to S105, where the N-terminus of S107 is located in the cytoplasm and is cannot flip through the membrane because of the extra cationic side chain. This study investigates the role of the N-terminal transmembrane domain of the S proteins in terms of hole formation and its role in the antiholin character of S107. Previous results suggest that S105 forms hole via a large oligomeric structure termed the “death raft”. The death raft model states that after S105 is inserted into the membrane, it forms “rafts”, which grow in size until a spontaneous channel forms leading to depolarization of the membrane and hole formation. This study investigates the pathway of hole formation at the single-cell level, using a C-terminal fusion of S105 and green fluorescent protein, and attempts to address several of the predictions posed by the death raft model.

White, Rebecca Lynn

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Manifestations of a spatial variation of fundamental constants on atomic clocks, Oklo, meteorites, and cosmological phenomena  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The remarkable detection of a spatial variation in the fine-structure constant, alpha, from quasar absorption systems must be independently confirmed by complementary searches. In this letter, we discuss how terrestrial measurements of time-variation of the fundamental constants in the laboratory, meteorite data, and analysis of the Oklo nuclear reactor can be used to corroborate the spatial variation seen by astronomers. Furthermore, we show that spatial variation of the fundamental constants may be observable as spatial anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background, the accelerated expansion (dark energy), and large-scale structure of the Universe.

J. C. Berengut; V. V. Flambaum

2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

162

General Transformations of Space and Time according to Aether Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assuming the existence of a preferred aether frame and the anisotropy of the one-way speed of light in platforms different from the aether frame, we derive the space and time transformations relative to bodies moving in any direction of space and not only in the direction of the common x-axis of the co-ordinate systems under consideration. Taking for granted length contraction and clock retardation, we show that the experimental space-time transformations result from measurement distortions due to the fact that the length of the rods and the frequency of the clocks, used for the measure, do not have a constant value as a result of their motion through the aether, and because the standard synchronization procedures are affected by a synchronism discrepancy effect. When the motion of bodies is aligned along the common x-axis, the transformations assume the same mathematical form as the conventional transformations. However, their meaning is quite different because they have been derived on the basis of very different assumptions, and they arise from the measurement distortions mentioned above. Therefore they conceal hidden variables which are the true transformations.

Joseph Levy

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

163

Managing time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Professionals overwhelmed with information glut can find hope from new insights about time management.

Peter J. Denning

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Entropic Time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formulation of quantum mechanics within the framework of entropic dynamics includes several new elements. In this paper we concentrate on one of them: the implications for the theory of time. Entropic time is introduced as a book-keeping device to keep track of the accumulation of changes. One new feature is that, unlike other concepts of time appearing in the so-called fundamental laws of physics, entropic time incorporates a natural distinction between past and future.

Caticha, Ariel [Department of Physics, University at Albany-SUNY, Albany, NY 12222 (United States)

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

165

Design of the Advanced Light Source timing system  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Light Source (ALS) is a third generation synchrotron radiation facility, and as such, has several unique timing requirements. Arbitrary Storage Ring filling patterns and high single bunch purity requirements demand a highly stable, low jitter timing system with the flexibility to reconfigure on a pulse-to-pulse basis. This modular system utilizes a highly linear Gauss Clock with ``on the fly`` programmable setpoints to track a free-running Booster ramping magnet and provides digitally programmable sequencing and delay for Electron Gun, Linac, Booster Ring, and Storage Ring RF, Pulsed Magnet, and Instrumentation systems. It has proven itself over the last year of accelerator operation to be reliable and rock solid.

Fahmie, M.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

TIMING APPARATUS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The timing device comprises an escapement wheel and pallet, a spring drive to rotate the escapement wheel to a zero position, means to wind the pretensioned spring proportional to the desired signal time, and a cam mechanism to control an electrical signal switch by energizing the switch when the spring has been wound to the desired position, and deenergizing it when it reaches the zero position. This device produces an accurately timed signal variably witain the control of the operator.

Bennett, A.E.; Geisow, J.C.H.

1956-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

167

CENAMEP AIP: Time and Frequency Laboratory current status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... DC batteries, UPS and power generator (backup for 3 days ... Phase and Frequency Offset Generator with the master clock for ... Two signal generators. ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

168

NIST Time and Frequency Div. - 2004: Strategic Focus 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Such chip-scale atomic clocks need not be as accurate or stable as ... precise timekeeping and frequency control to small, battery-powered electronic ...

169

New advances in designing energy efficient time synchronization schemes for wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time synchronization in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is essential and significant for maintaining data consistency, coordination, and performing other fundamental operations, such as power management, security, and localization. Energy efficiency is the main concern in designing time synchronization protocols for WSNs because of the limited and generally nonrechargeable power resources. In this dissertation, the problem of time synchronization is studied in three different aspects to achieve energy efficient time synchronization in WSNs. First, a family of novel joint clock offset and skew estimators, based on the classical two-way message exchange model, is developed for time synchronization in WSNs. The proposed joint clock offset and skew correction mechanisms significantly increase the period of time synchronization, which is a critical factor in the over-all energy consumption required for global network synchronization. Moreover, the Cramer-Rao bounds for the maximum likelihood estimators are derived under two different delay assumptions. These analytical metrics serve as good benchmarks for the experimental results thus far reported. Second, this dissertation proposes a new time synchronization protocol, called the Pairwise Broadcast Synchronization (PBS), which aims at minimizing the number of message transmissions and implicitly the energy consumption necessary for global synchronization of WSNs. A novel approach for time synchronization is adopted in PBS, where a group of sensor nodes are synchronized by only overhearing the timing messages of a pair of sensor nodes. PBS requires a far smaller number of timing messages than other well-known protocols and incurs no loss in synchronization accuracy. Moreover, for densely deployed WSNs, PBS presents significant energy saving. Finally, this dissertation introduces a novel adaptive time synchronization protocol, named the Adaptive Multi-hop Timing Synchronization (AMTS). According to the current network status, AMTS optimizes crucial network parameters considering the energy efficiency of time synchronization. AMTS exhibits significant benefits in terms of energy-efficiency, and can be applied to various types of sensor network applications having different requirements.

Noh, Kyoung Lae

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Digestion time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Digestion time Digestion time Name: Don Mancosh Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I have always given the rule of thumb in class that material we eat is with us for about 24 hours before exiting the body. The question arises about the time value of liquids. Getting a big coke prior to a 3 hour drive generally means that there will be a stop along the way. Is there a generalization made about liquids in the body similar to the one for solid food? Replies: A physician would give a better answer, but I hazard this: the only liquids which people consume (deliberately) in significant quantities are water, ethyl alcohol and various oils. Water and alcohol are absorbed on a time scale of seconds to minutes through the mouth, stomach and digestive tract. The oils are huge molecules, so I'd guess like any other greasy food they get absorbed in the upper digestive tract. Some of them, perhaps the longest and most nonpolar, are not absorbed at all --- cf. the old-time remedy of mineral oil for constipation --- so there should be some average time-before-what's-left-is-excreted such as you're looking for, and my (wild) guess is that it would not differ substantially from that for food. You can define an average lifetime in the body for alcohol, since the natural level is zero. Rough guidelines are widespread in the context of drunk driving laws. But this is not really possible for water. One's body is normally full up to the brim with water, and there's no way for the body to distinguish between water molecules recently absorbed and molecules that've been moping around since the Beatles split up. Thus the water entering the toilet bowl after the pit stop is not in general the same water as was in the big coke. If you were to consider for water just the average time between drinking and peeing, it would seem to depend strongly on how well hydrated the body was before the drink, and how much was drunk. During sustained heavy exertion in the sun and dry air one can easily drink a pint of water an hour without peeing at all. On the other hand, if one is willing to drink enough water fast enough, so as to establish a high excess of body water one can pee 8 ounces 15 minutes or less after drinking 8 ounces.

171

ATLAS: A Small, Light Weight, Time-Synchronized Wind-Turbine Data Acquistion System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind energy researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have developed a small, lightweight, time- synchronized, robust data acquisition system to acquire long-term time-series data on a wind turbine rotor. A commercial data acquisition module is utilized to acquire data simultaneously from multip!e strain-gauge, analog, and digital channels. Acquisition of rotor data at precisely the same times as acquisition of ground data is ensured by slaving the acquisition clocks on the rotor- based data unit and ground-based units to the Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) system with commercial GPS receiver units and custom-built and programmed programmable logic devices. The acquisition clocks will remain synchronized within two microseconds indefinitely. Field tests have confirmed that synchronization can be maintained at rotation rates in excess of 350 rpm, Commercial spread-spectrum radio modems are used to transfer the rotor data to a ground- based computer concurrently with data acquisition, permitting continuous acquisition of data over a period of several hours, days or even weeks.

Berg, D.E.; Robertson, P.; Zayas, J.

1998-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

172

Prototype of time digitizing system for BESIII endcap TOF upgrade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The prototype of time digitizing system for the upgrade of BESIII endcap TOF (ETOF) is introduced in this paper. The ETOF readout electronics has a formation of distributed architecture that hit signal from multi-gap resistive plate chamber (MRPC) is signaled as LVDS by front-end electronics (FEE) and sent to the back-end time digitizing system via long shield differential twisted pair cables. The ETOF digitizing system consists of 2 VME crates each of which contains modules of time digitizing, clock, trigger and fast control etc. The time digitizing module (TDIG) of this prototype can support up to 72 electrical channels of hit information measurement. The fast control (FCTL) module can operate at barrel or endcap mode. The barrel FCTL fans fast control signals from the trigger system out to endcap FCTLs, merges data from endcaps and transfers to the trigger system. Without modifying the barrel TOF structure, this time digitizing architecture benefits for improving ETOF performance without degrading barrel TOF measuring. Lab experiments show that the time resolution of this digitizing system can be less than 20ps, and the data throughput to DAQ can be about 92Mbps. Beam experiments show that the complete time resolution can be less than 45ps.

Cao Ping; Sun Wei-Jia; Ji Xiao-Lu; Fan Huan-Huan; Wang Si-Yu; Liu Shu-Bin; An Qi

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

173

Aging in reversible dynamics of disordered systems. II. Emergence of the arcsine law in the random hopping time dynamics of the REM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applying the new tools developed in [G1], we investigate the arcsine aging regime of the random hopping time dynamics of the REM. Our results are optimal in several ways. They cover the full time-scale and temperature domain where this phenomenon occurs. On this domain the limiting clock process and associated time correlation function are explicitly constructed. Finally, all convergence statements w.r.t. the law of the random environment are obtained in the strongest sense possible, except perhaps on the very last scales before equilibrium.

Véronique Gayrard

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

174

Using Worldfip for Synchronization and Time Stamping in the LHC Accelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time is one of the key topics in the construction of particle accelerators for which very accurate synchronization and high resolution time stamping are required. Nowadays, accelerator control systems may profit of the same industrial components than automotive industries and oil refineries are using: PLCs and Fieldbuses. WorldFIP, one of the three fieldbuses that have been selected at CERN, is the only one that is intrinsically deterministic. Therefore, in addition to the general control and monitoring functions that any fieldbus may provide, its determinism brings in the unique capability of transmitting time related data for setting to the same value the clocks of the equipment. With the use of the GPS, any equipment located around the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) accelerator may thus be exactly in phase with the Universal Time. Thanks to its judicious design, WorldFIP supports also many other very interesting features like Web or video transmission. Current developments around this powerful fieldbus will a...

Brun, R; Sicard, Claude Henri

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Time Brightness  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Perlmutter, et al., in Thermonuclear Supernovae, NATO ASI, v. 486 (1997) Perlmutter, et al., in Thermonuclear Supernovae, NATO ASI, v. 486 (1997) Cosmology from . . . Time Brightness ... . . . 50-100 Fields Lunar Calendar Scheduled Follow-Up Imaging at Hubble, Cerro Tololo, WIYN, Isaac Newton Scheduled Follow-Up Spectroscopy at Keck Almost 1000 Galaxies per Field RESULT: ~24 Type Ia supernovae discovered while still brightening, at new moon Berkeley Lab Keck WIYN Cerro Tololo Isaac Newton Hubble Strategy We developed a strategy to guarantee a group of supernova discoveries on a certain date. Just after a new moon, we observe some 50 to 100 high-galactic lattitute fields-each containing almost a thousand high-redshift galaxies-in two nights on the Cerro Tololo 4-meter telescope with Tyson & Bernstein's wide-field camera. We return three weeks later to observe the same

176

Primary and reciprocal space-time experiments, relativistic reciprocity relations and Einstein's train-embankment thought experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concepts of primary and reciprocal experiments and base and travelling frames in special relativity are concisely described and applied to several different space-time experiments. These include Einstein's train/embankment thought experiment and a related thought experiment, due to Sartori, involving two trains in parallel motion with different speeds. Spatially separated clocks which are synchronised in their common proper frame are shown to be so in all inertial frames and their spatial separation to be Lorentz invariant. The interpretions given by Einstein and Sartori of their experiments, as well as those given by the present author in previous papers, are shown to be erroneous.

J. H. Field

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

An FPGA Based Multiprocessing CPU for Beam Synchronous Timing in CERN's SPS and LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Beam Synchronous Timing system (BST) will be used around the LHC and its injector, the SPS, to broadcast timing meassages and synchronize actions with the beam in different receivers. To achieve beam synchronization, the BST Master card encodes messages using the bunch clock, with a nominal value of 40.079 MHz for the LHC. These messages are produced by a set of tasks every revolution period, which is every 89 us for the LHC and every 23 us for the SPS, therefore imposing a hard real-time constraint on the system. To achieve determinism, the BST Master uses a dedicated CPU inside its main Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) featuring zero-delay hardware task switching and a reduced instruction set. This paper describes the BST Master card, stressing the main FPGA design, as well as the associated software, including the LynxOS driver and the tailor-made assembler.

Ballester, F J; Gras, J J; Lewis, J; Savioz, J J; Serrano, J

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

The Nature and Origin of Time-asymmetric Spacetime Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-asymmetric spacetime structures, in particular those representing black holes and the expansion of the universe, are intimately related to other arrows of time, such as the second law and the retardation of radiation. The nature of the quantum arrow, often attributed to a collapse of the wave function, is essential, in particular, for understanding the much discussed "black hole information loss paradox". This paradox assumes a new form and can possibly be avoided in a consistent causal treatment that may be able to avoid horizons and singularities. The master arrow that would combine all arrows of time does not have to be identified with a direction of the formal time parameter that serves to formulate the dynamics as a succession of global states (a trajectory in configuration or Hilbert space). It may even change direction with respect to a fundamental physical clock such as the cosmic expansion parameter if this was formally extended either into a future contraction era or to negative "pre-big-bang" values.

H. D. Zeh

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

179

Lighting Controls : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Controls Lighting Controls Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Lighting Controls The lighting controls scope of work is based upon the philosophy that occupants of commercial office buildings prefer natural light to electric light. The lighting controls system specified by the Times Company for its new headquarters building is a DALI (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) based system with dimmable fixtures throughout the interior space. This allows the system to dim down the electric lighting in response to daylight admittance. It also provides for variable target set points for illuminance levels at the work plane. The Times Company intends to establish and adjust target set points on a departmental basis. The lighting control sequences are described within the specification 16575. These sequences utilize occupancy sensors, photo sensors, switches and a time clock to control the lighting in the interior space on each floor. The emergency lighting system is also described within the specification. The lighting control sequences are tied to Control Intent Diagrams that divide up the space on each floor into its various control zones. The overall intent is to provide electric light only when the space is occupied and to provide as little electric light as is necessary to achieve the target set point for the work plane in a given department. A department usually occupies multiple floors.

180

NIST Time and Frequency Services: Results of 2001 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... S5-2020, Thanks for the good service. ... S5-2131, WWV has been keeping all of the clocks in my house accurate as well as my receiver frequency dial ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Timing driven power gating in high-level synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The power gating technique is useful in reducing standby leakage current, but it increases the gate delay. For a functional unit, its maximum allowable delay (for a target clock period) limits the smallest standby leakage current its power gating can ...

Shih-Hsu Huang; Chun-Hua Cheng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

NIST Time and Frequency Div. - 2005-2007: Strategic Focus 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Such chip-scale atomic clocks need not be as accurate or stable as ... precise timekeeping and frequency control to small, battery-powered electronic ...

183

Secretary Chu Announces Completion of Critical Energy Conservation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

security." This is the first time the Department of Energy is regulating energy consumption for the approximately 2.3 million beverage vending machines in use in the U.S. The...

184

Absolute Timing of the Crab Pulsar with RXTE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have monitored the phase of the main X-ray pulse of the Crab pulsar with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) for almost eight years, since the start of the mission in January 1996. The absolute time of RXTE's clock is sufficiently accurate to allow this phase to be compared directly with the radio profile. Our monitoring observations of the pulsar took place bi-weekly (during the periods when it was at least 30 degrees from the Sun) and we correlated the data with radio timing ephemerides derived from observations made at Jodrell Bank. We have determined the phase of the X-ray main pulse for each observation with a typical error in the individual data points of 50 us. The total ensemble is consistent with a phase that is constant over the monitoring period, with the X-ray pulse leading the radio pulse by 0.0102+/-0.0012 period in phase, or 344+/-40 us in time. The error estimate is dominated by a systematic error of 40 us in the radio data, arising from uncertainties in the variable amount of pulse delay due to interstellar scattering and instrumental calibration. The statistical error is 0.00015 period, or 5 us. The separation of the main pulse and interpulse appears to be unchanging at time scales of a year or less, with an average value of 0.4001+/-0.0002 period. There is no apparent variation in these values with energy over the 2-30 keV range. The lag between the radio and X-ray pulses may be constant in phase (rotational) or constant in time (linear pathlength). We are not (yet) able to distinguish between these two interpretations.

Arnold H. Rots; Keith Jahoda; Andrew G. Lyne

2004-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

185

UTC Source 1588  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Implementations may also provide a battery backed up clock to maintain the time ... participating in NTP (Network Time Protocol) or to an atomic clock. ...

2010-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

186

Time and Frequency Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Time and Frequency Portal. Time and Frequency Portal. Programs and Projects. CODATA values of the fundamental constants ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

187

Time Series and Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time Series and Forecasting. Leigh, Stefan and Perlman, S. (1991). "An Index for Comovement of Time Sequences With ...

188

NIST Tech Beat - July 20, 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Up. Mercury Atomic Clock Sets Time-Keeping Record. ... A prototype mercury optical clock originally was demonstrated at NIST in 2000. ...

189

Compiling for time predictability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the T-CREST project we work on hardware/software architectures and code-generation strategies for time-predictable embedded and cyber-physical systems. In this paper we present the single-path code generation approach that we plan to explore and ... Keywords: compilers, real-time systems, time predictability, worst-case execution-time analysis

Peter Puschner; Raimund Kirner; Benedikt Huber; Daniel Prokesch

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Certifying execution time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present the framework Abstraction-Carrying CodE Platform for Timing validation (ACCEPT), designed for timing analysis of embedded real-time systems using the worst-case execution time (WCET) as the safety parameter. In the context ...

Vítor Rodrigues; Joăo Pedro Pedroso; Mário Florido; Simăo Melo de Sousa

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Time-Resolved  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time-Resolved Time-Resolved Time-Resolved Print Of the four fundamental parameters that we use to perceive the physical world (energy, momentum, position, and time) three correspond to the three broad categories of synchrotron experimental measurement techniques: spectroscopy (energy), scattering (momentum), and imaging (position). The fourth parameter-time-can in principle be applied to all the techniques. At the ALS, many experiments can be carried out in real time, with data being recorded from the same sample as it changes over time. Some time-resolved experiments take advantage of the pulsed nature of the ALS's synchrotron radiation, which, like a strobe light, can capture a series of "snapshots" of a process that, when viewed sequentially, show us how a given process evolves over time. Other experiments simply require two pulses: one to "pump" energy into the sample system and a second to probe the system's excited state.

192

Managing time, part 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Masterful time management means not just tracking of messages in your personal environment, but managing your coordination network with others.

Peter J. Denning; Ritu Raj

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

FREQUENCY AND TIME  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... STRATWARM observed and FLARES expected ... observed and PROTON FLARE expected (- - ) STRATWARM ... time of observed solar or geophysical ...

2003-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

194

QuickTime VR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

QuickTime VR. Christine Piatko and Sandy Ressler. ... Sandy Ressler's Office. Plant Floor of Black & Decker in Fayetteville NC. ...

195

Timed Property Sequence Chart  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Property Sequence Chart (PSC) is a novel scenario-based notation, which has been recently proposed to represent temporal properties of concurrent systems. This language balances expressive power and simplicity of use. However, the current version of ... Keywords: Property Sequence Chart, Real-time specification patterns, Timed Property Sequence Chart, Timing properties

Pengcheng Zhang; Bixin Li; Lars Grunske

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Noncommutative Two Time Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a classical formalism describing two-time physics with Abelian canonical gauge field backgrounds. The formalism can be used as a starting point for the construction of an interacting quantized two-time physics theory in a noncommutative soace-time.

W. Chagas-Filho

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

197

Quantum Operation Time Reversal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of an open quantum system can be described by a quantum operation, a linear, complete positive map of operators. Here, I exhibit a compact expression for the time reversal of a quantum operation, which is closely analogous to the time reversal of a classical Markov transition matrix. Since open quantum dynamics are stochastic, and not, in general, deterministic, the time reversal is not, in general, an inversion of the dynamics. Rather, the system relaxes towards equilibrium in both the forward and reverse time directions. The probability of a quantum trajectory and the conjugate, time reversed trajectory are related by the heat exchanged with the environment.

Crooks, Gavin E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Quantum Operation Time Reversal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of an open quantum system can be described by a quantum operation, a linear, complete positive map of operators. Here, I exhibit a compact expression for the time reversal of a quantum operation, which is closely analogous to the time reversal of a classical Markov transition matrix. Since open quantum dynamics are stochastic, and not, in general, deterministic, the time reversal is not, in general, an inversion of the dynamics. Rather, the system relaxes towards equilibrium in both the forward and reverse time directions. The probability of a quantum trajectory and the conjugate, time reversed trajectory are related by the heat exchanged with the environment.

Gavin E. Crooks

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

199

On the Time Times Temperature Bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently Hod proposes a lower bound on the relaxation time of a perturbed thermodynamic system. For gravitational systems this bound transforms into a condition on the fundamental quasinormal frequency. We test the bound in some spacetimes whose quasinormal frequencies are calculated exactly, as the three-dimensional BTZ black hole, the D-dimensional de Sitter spacetime, and the D-dimensional Nariai spacetime. We find that for some of these spacetimes their fundamental quasinormal frequencies do not satisfy the bound proposed by Hod.

A. Lopez-Ortega

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

200

FORE-Watch – the clock that tells you when to use: persuading users to align their energy consumption with green power availability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Besides saving energy, using it at the right time (i.e. when there is a supply surplus, and the power is produced by sustainable power sources such as hydroelectricity or wind) is an important possibility to achieve positive effects for the environment. ... Keywords: ambient display, eco-feedback, persuasion, user-centered design

Johann Schrammel; Cornelia Gerdenitsch; Astrid Weiss; Patricia M. Kluckner; Manfred Tscheligi

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Water quality and business aspects of sachet-vended water in Tamale, Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microbial water quality analyses were conducted on 15 samples of factory-produced sachet water and 15 samples of hand-tied sachet water, sold in Tamale, Ghana. The tests included the membrane filtration (MF) test using ...

Okioga, Teshamulwa (Teshamulwa Irene)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Water quality and business aspects of sachet-vended water in Tamale, Ghana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Microbial water quality analyses were conducted on 15 samples of factory-produced sachet water and 15 samples of hand-tied sachet water, sold in Tamale, Ghana. The… (more)

Okioga, Teshamulwa (Teshamulwa Irene)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Informal Urbanism: Legal Ambiguity, Uncertainty, and the Management of Street Vending in New York City  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to spread political risk and fallout. Challenges by vendorrisk of lawsuits, political fallout or the loss of tenuouslyissue. They are afraid of fallout, the anti-immigrant, anti-

Devlin, Ryan Thomas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

TIME CALIBRATED OSCILLOSCOPE SWEEP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The time calibrator of an electric signal displayed on an oscilloscope is described. In contrast to the conventional technique of using time-calibrated divisions on the face of the oscilloscope, this invention provides means for directly superimposing equal time spaced markers upon a signal displayed upon an oscilloscope. More explicitly, the present invention includes generally a generator for developing a linear saw-tooth voltage and a circuit for combining a high-frequency sinusoidal voltage of a suitable amplitude and frequency with the saw-tooth voltage to produce a resultant sweep deflection voltage having a wave shape which is substantially linear with respect to time between equal time spaced incremental plateau regions occurring once each cycle of the sinusoidal voltage. The foregoing sweep voltage when applied to the horizontal deflection plates in combination with a signal to be observed applied to the vertical deflection plates of a cathode ray oscilloscope produces an image on the viewing screen which is essentially a display of the signal to be observed with respect to time. Intensified spots, or certain other conspicuous indications corresponding to the equal time spaced plateau regions of said sweep voltage, appear superimposed upon said displayed signal, which indications are therefore suitable for direct time calibration purposes.

Owren, H.M.; Johnson, B.M.; Smith, V.L.

1958-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

205

Semantics, experience and time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The computational hypothesis, with its inherent representationalism, and the dynamical hypothesis, with its apparent absence of representations and its commitment to continuous time, stand at an impasse. It is unclear how the dynamical stance can handle ... Keywords: Computation, Experience, Invariance, Semantics, Situatedness, Time

Stephen E. Robbins

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Real-time shading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time procedural shading was once seen as a distant dream. When the first version of this course was offered four years ago, real-time shading was possible, but only with one-of-a-kind hardware or by combining the effects of tens to hundreds of rendering ...

Marc Olano; Kurt Akeley; John C. Hart; Wolfgang Heidrich; Michael McCool; Jason L. Mitchell; Randi Rost

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

TIMING OF SHOCK WAVES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent relates to means for ascertaining the instant of arrival of a shock wave in an exploslve charge and apparatus utilizing this means to coordinate the timing of two operations involving a short lnterval of time. A pair of spaced electrodes are inserted along the line of an explosive train with a voltage applied there-across which is insufficient to cause discharge. When it is desired to initiate operation of a device at the time the explosive shock wave reaches a particular point on the explosive line, the device having an inherent time delay, the electrodes are located ahead of the point such that the ionization of the area between the electrodes caused by the traveling explosive shock wave sends a signal to initiate operation of the device to cause it to operate at the proper time. The operated device may be photographic equipment consisting of an x-ray illuminating tube.

Tuck, J.L.

1955-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Environment Induced Time Arrow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spread of the time arrows from the environment to an observed subsystem is followed within a harmonic model. A similarity is pointed out between irreversibility and a phase with spontaneously broken symmetry. The causal structure of interaction might be lost in the irreversible case, as well. The Closed Time Path formalism is developed for classical systems and shown to handle the time arrow problem in a clear and flexible manner. The quantum case is considered, as well, and the common origin of irreversibility and decoherence is pointed out.

Janos Polonyi

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

209

VARIABLE TIME DELAY MEANS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrically variable time delay line is described which may be readily controlled simuitaneously with variable impedance matching means coupied thereto such that reflections are prevented. Broadly, the delay line includes a signal winding about a magnetic core whose permeability is electrically variable. Inasmuch as the inductance of the line varies directly with the permeability, the time delay and characteristic impedance of the line both vary as the square root of the permeability. Consequently, impedance matching means may be varied similariy and simultaneously w:th the electrically variable permeability to match the line impedance over the entire range of time delay whereby reflections are prevented.

Clemensen, R.E.

1959-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Time, energy & form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical manifestations of time occur in natural forms of all sizes. Architectural form serves as shelter while providing a built envelope of human life, simultaneously influencing and influenced by energetic activities ...

McInnis, Martha Jane

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Dogs and Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Question: I travel often and worry how leaving for long periods of time (and boarding my dog) will affect her. I wouldn't think that dogs could understand the concept of...

212

Wood Use Across Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?Forest products history and use ?Forest resource- the big picture ?Consumption- the big picture ?Trends forest products industry ? pulp & paper ? solid woodBack in Time ?1492 ? Columbus sailed the ocean blue! ? wood use- fuelwood American Indians ?1634: Jean Nicolet

Scott Bowe; United States Wood Use

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Technical Talks Timing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Talks Timing The technical talks should last a maximum of 15 minutes with 5 minutes for set-up and 5 minutes for Q&A. No teamgroup presentations are allowed. The objective of...

214

NSIT Computer Time Services: Internet Time Service (ITS) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. NIST Special Publication 250-59 NIST Computer Time Services: Internet Time Service (ITS), Automated Computer Time Service (ACTS), ...

2012-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

215

Probabilistic timed behavior trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Behavior Tree notation has been developed as a method for systematically and traceably capturing user requirements. In this paper we extend the notation with probabilistic behaviour, so that reliability, performance, and other dependability properties ... Keywords: behavior trees, model checking, probabilities, timed automata

Robert Colvin; Lars Grunske; Kirsten Winter

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Genepool Time Heatmaps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genepool Time Heatmaps Genepool Time Heatmaps Heatmap of Time and Slots Requested vs Time Waited (in hours) | Queue: All | Last 7 Days Time Requested Slots 1wk Job Count Longest Wait 1 23.0 (233) 0.37 (1819) 27.54 (49888) 5.85 (124593) 1.23 (39835) 0.34 (732) 0 0.4 (224) 0.02 (1) 217325 538.96 2 0 0.01 (19) 2.54 (78) 0.2 (140) 0.99 (2683) 0 0 0 0 2920 9.1 4 0.08 (1) 0 2.82 (141) 0.36 (143) 1.07 (12) 0.06 (5) 0.01 (5) 0.06 (1) 1.3 (5) 313 20.48 6 0.01 (2) 0 0.09 (32) 0.07 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 35 1.22 8 0.04 (24) 4.32 (7423) 5.31 (1999) 0.53 (316) 13.14 (2486) 0.01 (2) 1.21 (88) 1.3 (34) 8.33 (68) 12440 46.16 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.56 (1) 0 1 8.56 16 0 0 0 0.03 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.03 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.01 (1) 1 0.01 32 0 0 0 0.04 (14) 0 0 0 0.01 (6) 0 20 0.26

217

Timed fast charger  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a charger for rechargeable electrochemical cells, a transformer charging circuit supplies a charging current to the battery at a fast charge rate for a predetermined time followed by a continuous slow charge rate. A normally closed automatic reset thermostat in series with the rectifier diodes in the charging circuit, and thermally coupled to them, opens after a period of time, dependent upon the heat generated by the rectifier diodes and upon the thermal mass of the thermostat and diodes, and terminates the fast charge current. A resistor, shunted across the thermostat and thermally coupled to it, establishes a slow charge rate current path when the thermostat opens. Heat generated in the resistor causes the thermostat to remain open as long as the battery is connected and ac power is supplied to the transformer primary winding.

Mullersman, F.H.

1981-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

218

Internet Topology over Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are few studies that look closely at how the topology of the Internet evolves over time; most focus on snapshots taken at a particular point in time. In this paper, we investigate the evolution of the topology of the Autonomous Systems graph of the Internet, examining how eight commonly-used topological measures change from January 2002 to January 2010. We find that the distributions of most of the measures remain unchanged, except for average path length and clustering coefficient. The average path length has slowly and steadily increased since 2005 and the average clustering coefficient has steadily declined. We hypothesize that these changes are due to changes in peering policies as the Internet evolves. We also investigate a surprising feature, namely that the maximum degree has changed little, an aspect that cannot be captured without modeling link deletion. Our results suggest that evaluating models of the Internet graph by comparing steady-state generated topologies to snapshots of the real data ...

Edwards, Benjamin; Stelle, George; Forrest, Stephanie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Space Time Matter inflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a model of power-law inflationary inflation using the Space-Time-Matter (STM) theory of gravity for a five dimensional (5D) canonical metric that describes an apparent vacuum. In this approach the expansion is governed by a single scalar (neutral) quantum field. In particular, we study the case where the power of expansion of the universe is $p \\gg 1$. This kind of model is more successful than others in accounting for galaxy formation.

Mariano Anabitarte; Mauricio Bellini

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

220

QUADRENNIAL MCNP TIMING STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Los Alamos National Laboratory Monte Carlo N-Particle radiation transport code, MCNP, is widely used around the world for many radiation protection and shielding applications. As a well-known standard it is also an excellent vehicle for assessing the relative performance of scientific computing platforms. Every three-to-four years a new version of MCNP is released internationally by the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. For each of the past few releases, we have also done a timing study to assess the progress of scientific computing platforms and software. These quadrennial timing studies are valuable to the radiation protection and shielding community because (a) they are performed by a recognized scientific team, not a computer vendor, (b) they use an internationally recognized code for radiation protection and shielding calculations, (c) they are eminently reproducible since the code and the test problems are internationally distributed. Further, if one has a computer platform, operating system, or compiler not presented in our results, its performance is directly comparable to the ones we report because it can use the same code, data, and test problems as we used. Our results, using a single processor per platform, indicate that hardware advances during the past three years have improved performance by less than a factor of two and software improvements have had a marginal effect on performance. The most significant impacts on performance have resulted from developments in multiprocessing and multitasking. The other most significant advance in the last three years has been the accelerated improvements in personal computers. In the last timing study, the tested personal computer was approximately a factor of four slower that the fastest machine tested, a DEC Alphastation 500. In the present study, the fastest PC tested was less than a factor of two slower than the fastest platform, which is a Compaq (previously DEC) Alpha XP1000.

E. C. SELCOW; B. D. LANSRUD

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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221

Exploiting VERITAS Timing Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 499 pixel photomultiplier cameras of the VERITAS gamma ray telescopes are instrumented with 500MHz sampling Flash ADCs. This paper describes a preliminary investigation of the best methods by which to exploit this information so as to optimize the signal-to-noise ratio for the detection of Cherenkov light pulses. The FADCs also provide unprecedented resolution for the study of the timing characteristics of Cherenkov images of cosmic-ray and gamma-ray air showers. This capability is discussed, together with the implications for gamma-hadron separation.

J. Holder; for the VERITAS Collaboration

2005-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

222

Good Timing: NIST/CU Collaboration Adds Timing Capability ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... With the added capability to track the timing of dynamic biochemical reactions, cell ... to measure sensor signals at two points in time at a rate of up to ...

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

223

A Time Bucket Formulation for the TSP with Time Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 10, 2009 ... The Traveling Salesman Problem with Time Windows (TSPTW) is the problem of finding a ... To obtain a good partition of the time windows, we.

224

The Heliosphere in Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of the dynamic nature of the interstellar medium, the Sun should have encountered a variety of different interstellar environments in its lifetime. As the solar wind interacts with the surrounding interstellar medium to form a heliosphere, different heliosphere shapes, sizes, and particle contents result from the different environments. Some of the large possible interstellar parameter space (density, velocity, temperature) is explored here with the help of global heliosphere models, and the features in the resulting heliospheres are compared and discussed. The heliospheric size, expressed as distance of the nose of the heliopause to the Sun, is set by the solar wind - interstellar pressure balance, even for extreme cases. Other heliospheric boundary locations and neutral particle results correlate with the interstellar parameters as well. If the H0 clouds identified in the Millennium Arecibo survey are typical of clouds encountered by the Sun, then the Sun spends ~99.4% of the time in warm low density ISM, where the typical upwind heliosphere radii are up to two orders of magnitude larger than at present.

H. -R. Müller; P. C. Frisch; B. D. Fields; G. P. Zank

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

225

Definition: Clock Hour | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unless specifically noted.1 References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline...

226

WWVB Radio Controlled Clocks: Recommended Practices for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 4, British Indian Ocean Territory (Chagos), Kerguelen Island, Maldives Islands, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan ,Western Kazakhstan ...

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

227

NIST-F1 Cesium Fountain Clock  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST-F1 recently passed the evaluation tests that demonstrated ... It was constructed and tested in less than ... www.bldrdoc.gov/timefreq/service/nts.htm ...

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

NIST Time Scale Data Archive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Time Scale Data Archive. ... The AT1 scale is run in real time using data from an ensemble of cesium standards and hydrogen masers. ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

229

Time dependent Directional Profit Model for Financial Time Series Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time dependent Directional Profit Model for Financial Time Series Forecasting Jingtao YAO Chew Lim@comp.nus.edu.sg Abstract Goodness­of­fit is the most popular criterion for neural network time series forecasting. In the context of financial time series forecasting, we are not only concerned at how good the forecasts fit

Yao, JingTao

230

Detecting internal corrosion of natural gas transmission pipelines: field tests of probes and systems for real-time corrosion measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A field study was conducted to evaluate the use of automated, multi-technique electrochemical corrosion-rate monitoring devices and probes for detecting corrosion in environments similar to those found in natural gas transmission pipelines. It involved measurement of real-time corrosion signals from operating pipelines. Results and interpretation were reported from four different field test locations. Standard flush-mount and custom flange probes were used in four different environments at a gas-gathering site and one environment but two different probe orientations at a natural gas site. These sites were selected to represent normal and upset conditions common in gas transmission pipelines. The environments consisted of two different levels of humidified natural gas, liquid hydrocarbon, and water from natural gas. Probe locations included the 6 and 12 o?clock positions of a natural gas pipeline carrying 2-phase gas/liquid flow. The probe data was monitored using completely remote solar powered systems that provided real-time data transmission via wireless back to a pipeline control station. Data are also presented comparing the ECR probe data to that for coupons used to determine corrosion rate and to detect the presence of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC).

Covino, Bernard S., Jr.; Bullard, Sophie J.; Cramer, Stephen D.; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Kane, R.D. (InterCorr International); Meidinger, B. (Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

First-passage-time problems in time-aware networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First passage time or the first time that a stochastic process crosses a boundary is a random variable whose probability distribution is sought in engineering, statistics, finance, and other disciplines. The probability ...

Suwansantisuk, Watcharapan, 1978-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

NIST: A Walk Through Time - The "Atomic Age" of Time ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Transportation, communication, financial transactions, manufacturing, electric power and many ... The next generation of time standards is presently ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

233

NIST Time Scale Data Archive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Time Scale Data Archive. Updated monthly. Return to Archive index Leap second and UT1-UTC information. This page ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

234

Personalised time-dependent learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time-dependent instruction appears to shape next-generation learning systems, where the value of instruction is as important as the time it takes to learn. The ability to grasp the exact knowledge required to accomplish a specific task, in the ... Keywords: adaptive learning, authoring tools, knowledge management, learning granularity, learning objects, learning resources, learning technology, learning web, ontology, personalised learning, semantic web, time constraints, time-dependent learning, timeliness

R. Benlamri; Y. Atif; J. Berri

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

The LCLS Timing Event System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Linac Coherent Light Source requires precision timing trigger signals for various accelerator diagnostics and controls at SLAC-NAL. A new timing system has been developed that meets these requirements. This system is based on COTS hardware with a mixture of custom-designed units. An added challenge has been the requirement that the LCLS Timing System must co-exist and 'know' about the existing SLC Timing System. This paper describes the architecture, construction and performance of the LCLS timing event system.

Dusatko, John; Allison, S.; Browne, M.; Krejcik, P.; /SLAC

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

236

Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Judges 9:00- 9:25 Materials Science Mathew Cherukara Shock Induced Chemistry of NiAl Nano-Composites Chen, X. Gyrya, V. 9:25- 9:50 Materials Science Christian Sorensen Explosive...

237

A Time Bucket Formulation for the TSP with Time Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 5, 2009 ... Abstract: The Traveling Salesman Problem with Time Windows (TSPTW) is the problem of finding a minimum-cost path visiting a set of cities ...

238

NIST: A Walk Through Time - World Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A Walk Through Time - Home Page ... and technologists recognized the inadequacy of timekeeping based on the motion of the Earth, which fluctuates ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

239

Time-lock Puzzles and Timed-release Crypto  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our motivation is the notion of ``timed-release crypto,'''' where the goal is to encrypt a message so that it can not be decrypted by anyone, not even the sender, until a pre-determined amount of time has passed. The goal is to ``send information into ...

R. L. Rivest; A. Shamir; D. A. Wagner

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Reactor control rod timing system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluid driven jet-edge whistle timing system for control rods of a nuclear reactor for producing real-time detection of the timing of each control rod in its scram operation. An important parameter in reactor safety, particularly for liquid metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBR), is the time deviation between the time the control rod is released and the time the rod actually reaches the down position. The whistle has a nearly pure tone signal with center frequency (above 100 kHz) far above the frequency band in which the energy of the background noise is concentrated. Each control rod can be fitted with a whistle with a different frequency so that there is no ambiguity in differentiating the signal from each control rod.

Wu, Peter T. K. (Clifton Park, NY)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

VARIABLE TIME-INTERVAL GENERATOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent relates to a pulse generator and more particularly to a time interval generator wherein the time interval between pulses is precisely determined. The variable time generator comprises two oscillators with one having a variable frequency output and the other a fixed frequency output. A frequency divider is connected to the variable oscillator for dividing its frequency by a selected factor and a counter is used for counting the periods of the fixed oscillator occurring during a cycle of the divided frequency of the variable oscillator. This defines the period of the variable oscillator in terms of that of the fixed oscillator. A circuit is provided for selecting as a time interval a predetermined number of periods of the variable oscillator. The output of the generator consists of a first pulse produced by a trigger circuit at the start of the time interval and a second pulse marking the end of the time interval produced by the same trigger circuit.

Gross, J.E.

1959-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

242

Essays in time and risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lists yield systematically higher discount rates and utilityList methodology: identifying time preferences with MPLs and utilityrisk price list to inform curvature of the utility function

Sprenger, Charles

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Time-critical information services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emergency medical services have never been more ready for the implementation of time-critical interorganizational information services for the public good.

Thomas A. Horan; Benjamin L. Schooley

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Time and Frequency Users Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 9 TERMS USED 11 ... 135 GLOSSARY 137 INDEX ... The OIL INDUSTRY needs accurate timing to help automate oil well drilling, especially offshore. ...

2002-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

245

Real time wind turbine simulator.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A novel dynamic real-time wind turbine simulator (WTS) is developed in this thesis, which is capable of reproducing dynamic behavior of real wind turbine. The… (more)

Gong, Bing

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Time & Frequency; Atomic Clocks; Mercury Ion; Ion Trap. Description: Electromagnetic trap used to hold a single mercury ...

247

Multi-physics investigation on the failure mechanism and short-time scale wave motion in flip-chip configuration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The demands for higher clock speeds and larger current magnitude in high-performance flip-chip electronic packaging configurations of small footprint have inevitably raised the concern over rapid thermal transients and large thermal spatial gradients that could severely compromise package performance. Coupled electrical-thermal-mechanical multi-physics were explored to evaluate the concern and to establish the knowledge base necessary for improving flip-chip reliability. It was found that within the first few hundred nanoseconds upon power-on, there were fast attenuating, dispersive shock waves of extremely high frequency propagating in the package. The notions of high cycle fatigue, power density and joint time-frequency analysis were employed to characterize the waves and the various failure modes associated with the moving of these short-lived dynamical disturbances in bulk materials and along interfaces. A qualitative measure for failure was also developed which enables the extent of damages inflicted by short-time wave propagation to be calculated in the probability sense. Failure modes identified in this study are all in agreement with what have been observed in industry. This suggests that micron cracks or interfacial flaws initiated at the short-time scale would be further propagated by the CTE-induced thermal stresses at the long-time scale and result in eventual electrical disruptions. Although epoxy-based underfills with fillers were shown to be effective in alleviating thermal stresses and improving solder joint fatigue performance in thermal cycling tests of long-time scale, underfill material viscoelasticity was found to be insignificant in attenuating short-time scale wave propagation. On the other hand, the inclusion of Cu interconnecting layers in flip-chips was shown to perform significantly better than Al layers in suppressing short-time scale effects. These results imply that, if improved flip-chip reliability is to be achieved, all packaging constituent materials need to be formulated to have well-defined short-time scale and long-time scale properties. In addition, the results also suggest that the composition and layout of all packaging components be optimized to achieve discouraging or suppressing short-time scale dynamic effects. In summary, results reported herein and numerical procedures developed for the research would not just render higher packaging manufacturing yield, but also bring out significant impact on packaging development, packaging material formulation and micro-circuit layout design.

Oh, Yoonchan

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Electric Time in Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective quantum cosmology is formulated with a realistic global internal time given by the electric vector potential. New possibilities for the quantum behavior of space-time are found, and the high-density regime is shown to be very sensitive to the specific form of state realized.

Stephon Alexander; Martin Bojowald; Antonino Marciano; David Simpson

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

249

Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining, i.e. given a fixed throughput, finding a schedule of a loop which minimizes resource requirements. This paper proposes a methodology, called TCLP, based on dividing the problem into ... Keywords: loop pipelining, scheduling, timing and resource contraints, register optimization

Fermin Sanchez

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Beam Time Allocation Committee (BAC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time Allocation Committee (BAC) Time Allocation Committee (BAC) Charter Purpose: Allocates general user beam time by instrument to promote diverse and high- impact science and a broad-based user community to meet DOE and NSSD goals. Participants: BAC Chair (appointed by NSSD Director), Instrument Group Leaders, User Office Schedule: Tied to proposal calls - expected to meet at least 2 times/year with meetings scheduled about 6 weeks after the proposal call has closed and at least 1 month prior to scheduled operations. Process: 1. Instrument Group Leaders (with group members): a. Confirm feasibility (equipment requirements and instrument capabilities) and safe operations b. Review amount of beam time requested and adjust as needed with consideration for instrument and sample environment availability.

251

Finding patterns in timed data with spike timing dependent plasticity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

My research focuses on finding patterns in events - in sequences of data that happen over time. It takes inspiration from a neuroscience phenomena believed to be deeply involved in learning. I propose a machine learning ...

Oliveira, Alexandre (Alexandre S.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Silicon photomultiplier timing performance study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many characteristics of Silicon Photomultipliers can be tuned with temperature and operation voltage. We present preliminary results of a study of the effect of these two operation parameters on the time resolution of large active area Multi-Pixel Photon Counters (MPPCs) manufactured by Hamamatsu. Measurements at -10 C, 0 C, and 10 C at different bias voltages were performed. The time resolution is best at low temperature and high over-voltage. Most significant improvements can be achieved in cases with low number of fired pixels (40 pixels) the effect of temperature and operation voltage becomes smaller. The timing performance still improves with decreasing temperature (~ factor of 2) but it hardly depends on the operation voltage. The study shows, that especially in applications where only few photons are available for detection a careful optimization of temperature and operation voltage are advisable to obtain optimum timing results with the MPPC.

Gama Ahmed; Paul Bühler; Johann Marton; Ken Suzuki

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

253

Logarithmic time parallel Bayesian inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I present a parallel algorithm for exact probabilistic inference in Bayesian networks. For polytree networks with n variables, the worstcase time complexity is O(logn) on a CREW PRAM (concurrent-read, exclusive-write parallel random-access ...

David M. Pennock

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

The structure of cosmic time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following the approach of Julien Lesgourgues [1], we analyze the mathematical structure of the time co-ordinate of present day cosmological models, where these models include a cosmological constant term to account for the observed acceleration of the universe [2], [3]: we find that in all cases, except for a set of measure zero in the parameter space, the time is given by an (abelian) integral on a torus; the imaginary period of this integral then gives a natural periodicity in imaginary time for the universe; following Stephen Hawking [4], [5], this periodicity may be interpreted either as giving a fundamental mass scale for the universe, or (using Planck’s constant) a fundamental temperature, or both. The precise structure that emerges suggests that the structure of time can be regarded as an order parameter arising perhaps in a phase transition in the early universe; one might hope that this structure

George Sparling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A real time priority scheduler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The real time priority scheduler reported herein evolved from a design effort to provide software aids for handling the interrupts that occur in hybrid computation. Since these interrupts are both internal and external (i.e., generated internal and external ...

Karl Ramsay; Jon C. Strauss

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining, i.e. given a fixed throughput, finding a schedule of a loop which minimizes resource requirements. We propose a methodology, called TCLP, based on dividing the problem into two simpler and independent tasks: retiming and scheduling. TCLP explores different sets of resources, searchingfor a maximum resource utilization. This reduces area requirements. After a minimum set of resourceshas been found, the execution throughput is increased and the number of registers required by the loop schedule is reduced. TCLP attempts to generate a schedule which minimizes cost in time and area (resources and registers). The results show that TCLP obtains optimal schedules in most cases. 1 Introduction This paper presents TCLP, a methodology to solve TimeConstrained Loop Pipelining. TCLP is NP-complete [3]. Two types of timing constraints (TCs) have been considered in the literature: local TCs to specify minimum and/or maximum TCs ...

Fermn Sanchez; Jordi Cortadella

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Discrete space-time symmetries  

SciTech Connect

Symmetries have always fascinated human beings; they are found in nature, art, and architecture. Physicists, like other scientists have often used symmetries as a basis of their understanding of nature. When the dynamics is unknown, symmetries serve to delineate and define it. When the dynamics is known, symmetries are used to study structure. These two lectures review the theory and present understanding and status of two discrete space-time symmetries,, namely parity (P) and time reversal (T).

Henley, E.M.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

258

Discrete space-time symmetries  

SciTech Connect

Symmetries have always fascinated human beings; they are found in nature, art, and architecture. Physicists, like other scientists have often used symmetries as a basis of their understanding of nature. When the dynamics is unknown, symmetries serve to delineate and define it. When the dynamics is known, symmetries are used to study structure. These two lectures review the theory and present understanding and status of two discrete space-time symmetries,, namely parity (P) and time reversal (T).

Henley, E.M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage vending machines since 2012. Refrigerated beverage vending...

260

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines to someone by E-mail Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on AddThis.com...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Reduction in maximum time uncertainty of paired time signals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Reduction in the maximum time uncertainty (t/sub max/ - t/sub min/) of a series of paired time signals t/sub 1/ and t/sub 2/ varying between two input terminals and representative of a series of single events where t/sub 1/ less than or equal to t/sub 2/ and t/sub 1/ + t/sub 2/ equals a constant, is carried out with a circuit utilizing a combination of OR and AND gates as signal selecting means and one or more time delays to increase the minimum value (t/sub min/) of the first signal t/sub 1/ closer to t/sub max/ and thereby reduce the difference. The circuit may utilize a plurality of stages to reduce the uncertainty by factors of 20 to 800.

Theodosiou, G.E.; Dawson, J.W.

1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Feynman-Y Statistic in Relation to Shift-Register Neutron Coincidence Counting: Precision and Dead Time  

SciTech Connect

The Feynman-Y statistic is a type of autocorrelation analysis. It is defined as the excess variance-to-mean ratio, Y = VMR - 1, of the number count distribution formed by sampling a pulse train using a series of non-overlapping gates. It is a measure of the degree of correlation present on the pulse train with Y = 0 for Poisson data. In the context of neutron coincidence counting we show that the same information can be obtained from the accidentals histogram acquired using the multiplicity shift-register method, which is currently the common autocorrelation technique applied in nuclear safeguards. In the case of multiplicity shift register analysis however, overlapping gates, either triggered by the incoming pulse stream or by a periodic clock, are used. The overlap introduces additional covariance but does not alter the expectation values. In this paper we discuss, for a particular data set, the relative merit of the Feynman and shift-register methods in terms of both precision and dead time correction. Traditionally the Feynman approach is applied with a relatively long gate width compared to the dieaway time. The main reason for this is so that the gate utilization factor can be taken as unity rather than being treated as a system parameter to be determined at characterization/calibration. But because the random trigger interval gate utilization factor is slow to saturate this procedure requires a gate width many times the effective 1/e dieaway time. In the traditional approach this limits the number of gates that can be fitted into a given assay duration. We empirically show that much shorter gates, similar in width to those used in traditional shift register analysis can be used. Because the way in which the correlated information present on the pulse train is extracted is different for the moments based method of Feynman and the various shift register based approaches, the dead time losses are manifested differently for these two approaches. The resulting estimates for the dead time corrected first and second order reduced factorial moments should be independent of the method however and this allows the respective dead time formalism to be checked. We discuss how to make dead time corrections in both the shift register and the Feynman approaches.

Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Santi, Peter A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Henzlova, Daniela [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hauck, Danielle K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Favalli, Andrea [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

263

Tough Times for the Muskrats  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tough Times for the Muskrats Tough Times for the Muskrats Nature Bulletin No. 3 February 24, 1945 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Clayton F Smith, President Roberts Mann, Superintendent of Conservation TOUGH TIMES FOR THE MUSKRATS This has been a sorry year for the muskrats. The long drought, last summer and fall, dried up many of the smaller marshes and ponds where they had been living and forced them to migrate overland to new homes. Many undoubtedly were killed while enroute by mink, hawks, or dogs. Even the larger marshes and ponds were made smaller and more shallow by the drought and now this severe winter, with its long, bitter cold, has caused many of them to freeze solid to the very bottom; thus sealing the muskrats up in their lodges and preventing them from swimming around under the ice to get food.

264

Time-Off Awards Scale  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

/1/2010 /1/2010 TIME OFF AWARD SCALE The following chart is recommended and should be used unless another time-off award scale has been adopted by the servicing human resources office. TIME OFF SCALE VALUE OF THE EMPLOYEE'S CONTRIBUTION HOURS TO BE AWARDED MODERATE - A contribution to a product, program or service to the public which is of sufficient value to merit formal recognition. Beneficial change or modification of operating principles or procedures. 1 - 10 Hours SUBSTANTIAL - An important contribution to the value of a product, activity, program or service to the public. Significant change or modification or operating principles or procedures. 11 - 20 Hours HIGH - A significant contribution to the value of a product, activity, program or service to

265

May 2008 Y-12 Times  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 May 2008 www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 Managing Editor Melissa Leinart 865-574-1621 (6ml) Associate Editors Amy Alley Heidi Spurling Layout/Design Lisa Harris Contributors Ellen Boatner Ken Davis Kathy Fahey Stuart Hames Sharon McConathy Patrick McCoy I N S I D E Page 3 Fire department members come to the rescue Page 4 Driving green to protect our natural resources Page 5 73s: Best regards from Y-12's hams Page8 What's the secret? Mary Murray Brett Pate Ray Smith Donna Watson Bill Wilburn Lisa Xiques times times the B&W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, a partnership between Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc. and Bechtel National Inc., operates the Y-12 National Security Complex. When you see information regarding the recent Voluntary Separation Payment

266

Dielectric Analog Space-Times  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We generalize the notion of a dielectric analog Schwarzschild black hole model to analog models of arbitrary space-times; in particular, the approach is not restricted to static space-times. This is done by establishing a correspondence between electrodynamics on a curved, vacuum manifold, with electrodynamics in a general linear dielectric residing in Minkowski space-time. The mapping is not unique, allowing for some freedom in the specification of equivalent materials, which could be useful for exploiting recent developments in the production of metamaterials. Some examples are considered, with special attention paid to the dielectric analog of the exterior Kerr geometry, which is found to be reproducible with regular, linear, dielectrics.

Robert T. Thompson; Jörg Frauendiener

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

267

PRECISION TIME-DELAY CIRCUIT  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tine-delay circuit which produces a delay time in d. The circuit a capacitor, an te back resistance, connected serially with the anode of the diode going to ground. At the start of the time delay a negative stepfunction is applied to the series circuit and initiates a half-cycle transient oscillatory voltage terminated by a transient oscillatory voltage of substantially higher frequency. The output of the delay circuit is taken at the junction of the inductor and diode where a sudden voltage rise appears after the initiation of the higher frequency transient oscillations.

Creveling, R.

1959-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

268

Time of flight mass spectrometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A time-of-flight mass spectrometer is described in which ions are desorbed from a sample by nuclear fission fragments, such that desorption occurs at the surface of the sample impinged upon by the fission fragments. This configuration allows for the sample to be of any thickness, and eliminates the need for complicated sample preparation.

Ulbricht, Jr., William H. (Arvada, CO)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

The TESLA Time Projection Chamber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A large Time Projection Chamber is proposed as part of the tracking system for a detector at the TESLA electron positron linear collider. Different ongoing R&D studies are reviewed, stressing progress made on a new type readout technique based on Micro-Pattern Gas Detectors.

Nabil Ghodbane

2002-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

270

Waste to Energy Time Activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEMINAR Waste to Energy Time Activities 9:30-9:40 Brief introduction of participants 9:40-10:10 Presentation of Dr. Kalogirou, "Waste to Energy: An Integral Part of Worldwide Sustainable Waste Management" 10. Sofia Bethanis, "Production of synthetic aggregates for use in structural concrete from waste to energy

Columbia University

271

Vocal Timing in the Bat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bats are social organisms that live in large colonies. However, reliance upon echolocation in order to hunt and navigate, means that bats also face pressing acoustic challenges due to overlap with surrounding noise. Bats also possess fine control over the properties of their echolocation pulses. This study's goal was to determine how bats are able to effectively function in large groups despite the interfering noise generated by conspecifics. Mexican free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) were exposed to both artificially generated interfering noises and noise generated by conspecifics, and the temporal characteristics of their resulting echolocation calls were analyzed. In addition, bats were given injections of dopaminergic and serotonergic drugs, in an effort to determine which monoamine(s) were capable of altering vocal motor timing and to determine which regions of the brain play a role in regulating the timing of echolocation. I hypothesized that bats would alter the timing of emission of their own echolocation pulses in response to noise, and that drugs affecting the 5HT2A receptor would shift the timing of emission of echolocation pulses. The first part of this dissertation describes a novel temporal alteration behavior that occurs in response to artificially generated intermittent noise, and is characterized by a period of pulse suppression followed by a gradual return to normal call rates. Bats alter the timing of emission of their echolocation pulses to avoid overlap with noise and call within silent periods. The second part of this study investigated whether dopamine or serotonin, or both, could alter the timing of this vocal behavior. The results of this study were inconclusive, although I found some evidence that 5HT2A agonists can produce faster responses. Finally, I show that echolocating bats suppress pulse emission in nearby conspecifics. The resulting decrease in call rate leads to an overall increase in information throughput. This study also demonstrates that bats respond to continuous noise by increasing their call rate, and that the switch between the responses to intermittent noise and continuous noise occurs at a duty cycle of 50% or higher. Overall, this dissertation establishes that bats alter the timing of emission of their echolocation calls in response to noise, and that these mechanisms may be regulated by serotoninergic mechanisms.

Jarvis, Jenna N

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Predictable real-time software synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formal theories for real-time systems (such as timed process algebra, timed automata and timed petri nets) have gained great success in the modeling of concurrent timing behavior and in the analysis of real-time properties. However, due to the ineliminable ... Keywords: Formal methods, Program synthesis, Real-time systems

Jinfeng Huang; Jeroen Voeten; Henk Corporaal

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Mar_13Times.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MARCH 2013 MARCH 2013 inside this issue ... FIRP draws to a close Page 2 Reminisce: Y-12 turns 70 Page 4 Russia's secret city Page 5 Development retools its CONOPS Page 6 ... and other Y-12 news Miss an issue? Find us online, http://www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php MISSION, cont. on pg. 2 The National Nuclear Security Administration's Performance Evaluation Report for B&W Y-12, released Feb. 11, gave "Very Good" ratings to B&W Y-12 in areas related to all three core missions: maintaining the nuclear weapons stockpile, powering the nuclear Navy and nonproliferation. The report evaluates B&W Y-12's performance based on the Performance Evaluation Plan approved at the beginning of fi scal 2012. Programs The Y-12 Times highlighted the success of fi

274

Time-parareal parallel in time integrator solver for time-dependent neutron diffusion equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-dependent spatial flux distribution in nuclear reactor is required for nuclear safety and design. The motivation present a time-parallel algorithm that simulate the kinetic of neutron2 in a nuclear reactor. We consider engine behavior and in particular its energy4 production.5 The flux distribution on the nuclear reactor

275

General Interest NIST Time and Frequency Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Time and Frequency Users Manual A detailed ... Fundamentals of Time and Frequency An overview of ... Lombardi, The Mechatronics Handbook, 2001. ...

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

276

Real time infrared aerosol analyzer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for analyzing aerosols in essentially real time includes a virtual impactor which separates coarse particles from fine and ultrafine particles in an aerosol sample. The coarse and ultrafine particles are captured in PTFE filters, and the fine particles impact onto an internal light reflection element. The composition and quantity of the particles on the PTFE filter and on the internal reflection element are measured by alternately passing infrared light through the filter and the internal light reflection element, and analyzing the light through infrared spectrophotometry to identify the particles in the sample.

Johnson, Stanley A. (Countryside, IL); Reedy, Gerald T. (Bourbonnais, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Global Warming in Geologic Time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The notion is pervasive in the climate science community and in the public at large that the climate impacts of fossil fuel CO2 release will only persist for a few centuries. This conclusion has no basis in theory or models of the atmosphere/ ocean carbon cycle, which we review here. The largest fraction of the CO2 recovery will take place on time scales of centuries, as CO2 invades the ocean, but a significant fraction of the fossil fuel CO2, ranging in published models in the literature from 20-60%, remains airborne for a thousand years or longer. Ultimate recovery takes place on time scales of hundreds of thousands of years, a geologic longevity typically associated in public perceptions with nuclear waste. The glacial/interglacial climate cycles demonstrate that ice sheets and sea level respond dramatically to millennial-timescale changes in climate forcing. There are also potential positive feedbacks in the carbon cycle, including methane hydrates in the ocean, and peat frozen in permafrost, that are most sensitive to the long tail of the fossil fuel CO2 in the atmosphere.

Archer, David (University of Chicago)

2008-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

278

Multiobjective Genetic Algorithm for k-way Equipartitioning of a Point Set with Application to CAD-VLSI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Buffered clock-tree design, with cells at its leaves, are known to meet timing and skew requirements better. Clustering of flip-flops leads to reduced clock-tree wirelengths and power-efficient layouts. In this paper, the problem of clustering flip-flops ... Keywords: Multiobjective optimization, cluster analysis, balanced partitioning, genetic algorithm, low power clock trees in nanometer chips.

Sriparna Saha; Susmita Sur-Kolay; Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

jul10_Times.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 July 2010 www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 W H A T ' S I N S I D E Page 2 Want to know about Y-12's budget? Read what Darrel Kohlhorst said. Page 3 Y-12 employees get a LIFE Center Pages 4 and 5 Safeguards, Security and Emergency Services' Sentinel Page 6 Employees raise money for Relay for Life Page 8 Refl ections of Y-12's history B&W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, a partnership between Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc. and Bechtel National Inc., operates the Y-12 National Security Complex. A newsletter for employees and friends of the Y-12 National Security Complex Managing Editors Amy Alley: alleyab@y12.doe.gov Heidi Spurling: spurlinghw@y12.doe.gov Layout Lisa Harris Contributors Mary Bryant Cynthia Ensor Ryn Etter

280

dec11-Times.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 December 2011 www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 W H A T ' S I N S I D E Page 2 Governance Transformation at Y-12 Page 3 Employees bring benefi ts to life Pages 4 and 5 A healthy start to 2012 Page 6 A visit from Christmas past Page 8 Have a plan - just in case B&W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, a partnership between Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc. and Bechtel National Inc., operates the Y-12 National Security Complex. A newsletter for employees and friends of the Y-12 National Security Complex Managing Editors Amy Alley: alleyab@y12.doe.gov Heidi Spurling: spurlinghw@y12.doe.gov Layout Lisa Harris Contributors Mary Bryant Ellen Boatner Ashley Douglas Kathy Fahey Scott Fraker John Holbrook David Keim Terry Marlar Jill McNutt

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Variable residence time vortex combustor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable residence time vortex combustor including a primary combustion chamber for containing a combustion vortex, and a plurality of louvres peripherally disposed about the primary combustion chamber and longitudinally distributed along its primary axis. The louvres are inclined to impel air about the primary combustion chamber to cool its interior surfaces and to impel air inwardly to assist in driving the combustion vortex in a first rotational direction and to feed combustion in the primary combustion chamber. The vortex combustor also includes a second combustion chamber having a secondary zone and a narrowed waist region in the primary combustion chamber interconnecting the output of the primary combustion chamber with the secondary zone for passing only lower density particles and trapping higher density particles in the combustion vortex in the primary combustion chamber for substantial combustion.

Melconian, Jerry O. (76 Beaver Rd., Reading, MA 01867)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

1. First Time Designer's Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Altera provides various tools for development of hardware and software for embedded systems. This handbook complements the primary documentation for these tools by describing how to most effectively use some of these tools. It recommends design styles and practices for developing, debugging, and optimizing embedded systems using Altera-provided tools such as the Software Build Tools for Eclipse and SOPC Builder. The handbook introduces concepts to new users of Altera’s embedded solutions, and helps to increase the design efficiency of the experienced user. This handbook is not a comprehensive reference guide. For general reference and detailed information, refer to the primary documentation cited in this handbook. This first chapter of the handbook contains information about the Altera ® embedded development process and procedures for the first time user. The remaining chapters focus on specific aspects of embedded development for Altera FPGAs. This handbook does not provide information about the Qsys system integration tool.

unknown authors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Time-Varying z-Transform for the Analysis of Discrete-Time Linear Time Periodic Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article deals with a new representation of linear discrete-time periodic systems. This representation, based on the time-varying z-transform, turns out to be highly efficient in the field of automatic control, when an appropriate choice of ... Keywords: Nyquist criterion, final value theorem, initial value theorem, linear discrete-time periodic systems, time-varying z-transform, time-varying frequency response, time-varying systems

A. Garcia Iturricha; J. Sabatier; A. Oustaloup

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Towards Integrated Verification of Timed Transition Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an attempt to combine theorem proving and model-checking to formally verify real-time systems in a discrete time setting. The Timed Automata Modeling Environment (TAME) has been modified to provide a formal model for Time Transition ... Keywords: PVS, Real-time, SAL, equivalence verification, model reduction, model-checking, theorem proving

Mark Lawford; Vera Pantelic; Hong Zhang

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

March 2009 Y-12 Times  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 March 2009 www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 Managing Editors Amy Alley: alleyab@y12.doe.gov Heidi Spurling: spurlinghw@y12.doe.gov Layout/Design Lisa Harris Contributors Ellen Boatner Ken Davis Kathy Fahey Vicki Hinkel Jamie Loveday Mary Murray W H A T ' S I N S I D E W H A T ' S I N S I D E Page 2 Page 2 New UPF room is out of sight Page 3 Page 3 Training simulates terrorist attack, prepares fi rst responders Page 3 Page 3 Tanker cars on the right track Page 5 Page 5 Third-generation employee follows his father's sage advice Page 7 Page 7 Car enthusiasts go into overdrive Brett Pate Ray Smith Donna Watson Mona Wright Lisa Xiques B&W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, a partnership between Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc. and Bechtel National Inc., operates the

286

User manual for Timed-CSP Simulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Timed Csp Simulator is based on the presentation of Timed Csp in [4]. For a brief discussion of the tool architecture see [1, 2]. The semantical questions regarding simulating Timed Csp are discussed in [3].

Hoang Nga Nguyen; Markus Roggenbach

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Real time estimation of Bayesian networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For real time evaluation of a Bayesian network when there is not sufficient time to obtain an exact solution, a guaranteed response time, approximate solution is required. It is shown that non traditional methods utilizing estimators based on an archive ...

Robert L. Welch

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Probabilistic timing analysis on conventional cache designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Probabilistic timing analysis (PTA), a promising alternative to traditional worst-case execution time (WCET) analyses, enables pairing time bounds (named probabilistic WCET or pWCET) with an exceedance probability (e.g., 10-16), resulting ...

Leonidas Kosmidis, Charlie Curtsinger, Eduardo Quińones, Jaume Abella, Emery Berger, Francisco J. Cazorla

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Nanosecond time resolved thermal emission measurements during...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanosecond time resolved thermal emission measurements during pulse excimer laser interaction with materials Title Nanosecond time resolved thermal emission measurements during...

290

Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Money for Idaho, Other DOE Sites Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Money for...

291

Time Trends in Dutch Children's Mental Health.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigated time trends in Dutch children's and adolescent's mental health problems by comparing population samples from different time periods. From 1983 to 2003,… (more)

Tick, N.T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Spatial diversity in passive time reversal communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Song et al. : Spatial diversity in passive time reversaland J. Ritcey, “Spatial diversity equalization applied toSpatial diversity in passive time reversal communications H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Undergraduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time Limits and Work Schedules Undergraduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules Point your career towards LANL: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive...

294

Timed CSP: A Retrospective Joel Ouaknine 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APC 2005 Timed CSP: A Retrospective Jo¨el Ouaknine 1 Oxford University Computing Laboratory, UK Timed CSP, from its inception nearly twenty years ago to very recent semantical and algorithmic developments. Key words: Process algebra, Timed CSP. Timed CSP was first proposed in 1986 by Reed and Roscoe

Schneider, Steve

295

A review on time series data mining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time series is an important class of temporal data objects and it can be easily obtained from scientific and financial applications. A time series is a collection of observations made chronologically. The nature of time series data includes: large in ... Keywords: Representation, Segmentation, Similarity measure, Time series data mining, Visualization

Tak-chung Fu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Real-Time Airborne Particle Analyzer  

Geology, biology, and environmental science HAZMAT Weapons inspection : Real-time method for measuring elemental composition

297

Time Constant Estimates for Radiosonde Temperature Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To correct time lag errors in radiosonde temperatures the sensor time constant has to be known. Time constants are not published for some widely used sensors and, in some cases, available time constants disagree. This study focuses on ML-405, ML-...

Marcel E. Tschudin; Steven R. Schroeder

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Multiple output timing and trigger generator  

SciTech Connect

In support of the development of a multiple stage pulse modulator at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, we have developed a first generation, multiple output timing and trigger generator. Exploiting Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) Micro Controller Units (MCU's), the timing and trigger generator provides 32 independent outputs with a timing resolution of about 500 ns. The timing and trigger generator system is comprised of two MCU boards and a single PC. One of the MCU boards performs the functions of the timing and signal generation (the timing controller) while the second MCU board accepts commands from the PC and provides the timing instructions to the timing controller. The PC provides the user interface for adjusting the on and off timing for each of the output signals. This system provides 32 output or timing signals which can be pre-programmed to be in an on or off state for each of 64 time steps. The width or duration of each of the 64 time steps is programmable from 2 {micro}s to 2.5 ms with a minimum time resolution of 500 ns. The repetition rate of the programmed pulse train is only limited by the time duration of the programmed event. This paper describes the design and function of the timing and trigger generator system and software including test results and measurements.

Wheat, Robert M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dale, Gregory E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Computational Needs for the Next Generation Electric Grid Proceedings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

formalism  over  the  HLA/RTI:  Problems  and  solutions,? run?time infrastructure (RTI) implementations.  The  HLA run?time infrastructure (RTI) to advance its logical clock 

Birman, Kenneth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Stored program digital process controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A digital process control function generator wherein a timing clock, in conjunction with programmable read only memories controls variables in a process with respect to time.

Stephenson, Dwight L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1977-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Time-of-flight radio location system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bi-static radar configuration measures the direct time-of-flight of a transmitted RF pulse and is capable of measuring this time-of-flight with a jitter on the order of about one pico-second, or about 0.01 inch of free space distance for an electromagnetic pulse over a range of about one to ten feet. A transmitter transmits a sequence of electromagnetic pulses in response to a transmit timing signal, and a receiver samples the sequence of electromagnetic pulses with controlled timing in response to a receive timing signal, and generates a sample signal in response to the samples. A timing circuit supplies the transmit timing signal to the transmitter and supplies the receive timing signal to the receiver. The receive timing signal causes the receiver to sample the sequence of electromagnetic pulses such that the time between transmission of pulses in the sequence and sampling by the receiver sweeps over a range of delays. The receive timing signal sweeps over the range of delays in a sweep cycle such that pulses in the sequence are sampled at the pulse repetition rate, and with different delays in the range of delays to produce a sample signal representing magnitude of a received pulse in equivalent time. Automatic gain control circuitry in the receiver controls the magnitude of the equivalent time sample signal. A signal processor analyzes the sample signal to indicate the time-of-flight of the electromagnetic pulses in the sequence.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Time-of-flight radio location system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bi-static radar configuration measures the direct time-of-flight of a transmitted RF pulse and is capable of measuring this time-of-flight with a jitter on the order of about one pico-second, or about 0.01 inch of free space distance for an electromagnetic pulse over a range of about one to ten feet. A transmitter transmits a sequence of electromagnetic pulses in response to a transmit timing signal, and a receiver samples the sequence of electromagnetic pulses with controlled timing in response to a receive timing signal, and generates a sample signal in response to the samples. A timing circuit supplies the transmit timing signal to the transmitter and supplies the receive timing signal to the receiver. The receive timing signal causes the receiver to sample the sequence of electromagnetic pulses such that the time between transmission of pulses in the sequence and sampling by the receiver sweeps over a range of delays. The receive timing signal sweeps over the range of delays in a sweep cycle such that pulses in the sequence are sampled at the pulse repetition rate, and with different delays in the range of delays to produce a sample signal representing magnitude of a received pulse in equivalent time. Automatic gain control circuitry in the receiver controls the magnitude of the equivalent time sample signal. A signal processor analyzes the sample signal to indicate the time-of-flight of the electromagnetic pulses in the sequence. 7 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1996-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

303

Modeling data with multiple time dimensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large class of problems in time series analysis can be represented by a set of overlapping time series with different starting times. These time series may be treated as different probes of the same underlying process. Such probes may follow a characteristic ... Keywords: Dendrochronology, Douglas fir, Dual-time dynamics, El Malpais, Generalized additive models, Global climate change, Non-linear dynamics, Non-linear modeling, Pinon pine, Ponderosa pine, Portfolio forecasting, Retail lending, SETI@home, Scenario-based forecasting, Search for extraterrestrial intelligence, Time series, Tree rings

Joseph L. Breeden

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Climatological Time Series with Periodic Correlation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many climatological time series display a periodic correlation structure. This paper examines three issues encountered when analyzing such time series: detection of periodic correlation, modeling periodic correlation, and trend estimation under ...

Robert Lund; Harry Hurd; Peter Bloomfield; Richard Smith

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Statistical Timing Analysis using Levelized Covariance Propagation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variability in process parameters is making accurate timing analysis of nano-scale integrated circuits an extremely challenging task. In this paper, we propose a new algorithm for statistical timing analysis using Levelized Covariance Propagation (LCP). ...

Kunhyuk Kang; Bipul C. Paul; Kaushik Roy

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Apply for Beam Time | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Apply for Beam Time Apply for Beam Time NEXT PROPOSAL DEADLINE: March 7, 2014 @ 11:59 PM (Chicago time) Submit Proposal » SEE ALSO: Calendar: deadlines, run & review dates Help Page: frequently asked questions, tips for success, common errors, blank forms, instructions Review Criteria Sectors Directory: check CAT websites for info about managed beam time The Run 2014-2 proposal submission deadline is 11:59 p.m. (Chicago time) March 7, 2014. The system will open to accept proposals beginning December 20, 2013. NEW USERS: to avoid delays and to make the most of your time on site, read Become a User. You must register as a user and receive a badge number before submitting a proposal. About the Beam Time Request Process All beam time at the APS must be requested each cycle through the web-based

307

Statistical characterization of library timing performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the scaling of technology, the variability of timing performances of digital circuits is increasing. In this paper, we propose a first order analytical modeling of the standard deviations of basic CMOS cell timings. The proposed model is then used ...

V. Migairou; R. Wilson; S. Engels; N. Azemard; P. Maurine

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Graduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time Limits and Work Schedules Graduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules Point your career towards LANL: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment...

309

Space does not exist, so time can  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is often said that in general relativity time does not exist. This is because the Einstein equations generate motion in time that is a symmetry of the theory, not true time evolution. In quantum gravity, the timelessness of general relativity clashes with time in quantum theory and leads to the ``problem of time'' which, in its various forms, is the main obstacle to a successful quantum theory of gravity. I argue that the problem of time is a paradox, stemming from an unstated faulty premise. Our faulty assumption is that space is real. I propose that what does not fundamentally exist is not time but space, geometry and gravity. The quantum theory of gravity will be spaceless, not timeless. If we are willing to throw out space, we can keep time and the trade is worth it.

Fotini Markopoulou

2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

310

Precision Timing for Smart Grid Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... how new features and requirements for time synchronization can impact the performance of next-generation power distribution applications. ...

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

311

Scalable Time Warp on Blue Gene Supercomputers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

n this paper we illustrate scalable parallel performance for the TimeWarp synchronization protocol on the L and P variants of the IBM BlueGene supercomputer. Scalable Time Warp performance for models that communicate a large percentage of the event population ... Keywords: Time Warp, Blue Gene Supercomputer

David W. Bauer Jr.; Christopher D. Carothers; Akintayo Holder

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Time-of-flight radio location system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bi-static radar configuration measures the direct time-of-flight of a transmitted RF pulse and is capable of measuring this time-of-flight with a jitter on the order of about one pico-second, or about 0.01 inch of free space distance for an electromagnetic pulse over a range of about one to ten feet. A transmitter transmits a sequence of electromagnetic pulses in response to a transmit timing signal, and a receiver samples the sequence of electromagnetic pulses with controlled timing in response to a receive timing signal, and generates a sample signal in response to the samples. A timing circuit supplies the transmit timing signal to the transmitter and supplies the receive timing signal to the receiver. The receive timing signal causes the receiver to sample the sequence of electromagnetic pulses such that the time between transmission of pulses in the sequence and sampling by the receiver sweeps over a range of delays. The receive timing signal sweeps over the range of delays in a sweep cycle such that pulses in the sequence are sampled at the pulse repetition rate, and with different delays in the range of delays to produce a sample signal representing magnitude of a received pulse in equivalent time. Automatic gain control circuitry in the receiver controls the magnitude of the equivalent time sample signal. A signal processor analyzes the sample signal to indicate the time-of-flight of the electromagnetic pulses in the sequence. The sample signal in equivalent time is passed through an envelope detection circuit, formed of an absolute value circuit followed by a low pass filter, to convert the sample signal to a unipolar signal to eliminate effects of antenna misorientation.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Time-of-flight radio location system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bi-static radar configuration measures the direct time-of-flight of a transmitted RF pulse and is capable of measuring this time-of-flight with a jitter on the order of about one pico-second, or about 0.01 inch of free space distance for an electromagnetic pulse over a range of about one to ten feet. A transmitter transmits a sequence of electromagnetic pulses in response to a transmit timing signal, and a receiver samples the sequence of electromagnetic pulses with controlled timing in response to a receive timing signal, and generates a sample signal in response to the samples. A timing circuit supplies the transmit timing signal to the transmitter and supplies the receive timing signal to the receiver. The receive timing signal causes the receiver to sample the sequence of electromagnetic pulses such that the time between transmission of pulses in the sequence and sampling by the receiver sweeps over a range of delays. The receive timing signal sweeps over the range of delays in a sweep cycle such that pulses in the sequence are sampled at the pulse repetition rate, and with different delays in the range of delays to produce a sample signal representing magnitude of a received pulse in equivalent time. Automatic gain control circuitry in the receiver controls the magnitude of the equivalent time sample signal. A signal processor analyzes the sample signal to indicate the time-of-flight of the electromagnetic pulses in the sequence. The sample signal in equivalent time is passed through an envelope detection circuit, formed of an absolute value circuit followed by a low pass filter, to convert the sample signal to a unipolar signal to eliminate effects of antenna misorientation. 8 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1997-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

314

High-Level Real-Time Concurrency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary goal of all real-time systems is predictability. Achieving this goal requires all levels of the system to be well de ned and have a xed worst-case execution time. These needs have resulted in the creation of overly restrictive commercial real-time systems providing only ad-hoc scheduling facilities and basic concurrent functionality. Ad-hoc scheduling makes developing, verifying, and maintaining a real-time system extremely dicult and time consuming. Basic concurrent functionality forces programmers to develop complex concurrent programs without the aid of high-level concurrency features.

Ashif S. Harji; C Ashif S. Harji

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Author's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows: Benchmark routing problems with hard or soft time windows without any alteration in its structure is presented of congested urban settings are proposed. Solution quality, time window pertur- bations, and computational time

Bertini, Robert L.

316

Time-Energy Measure for Quantum Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum mechanics sets limits on how fast quantum processes can run given some system energy through time-energy uncertainty relations, and they imply that time and energy are tradeoff against each other. Thus, we propose to measure the time-energy as a single unit for quantum channels. We consider a time-energy measure for quantum channels and compute lower and upper bounds of it using the channel Kraus operators. For a special class of channels (which includes the depolarizing channel), we can obtain the exact value of the time-energy measure. One consequence of our result is that erasing quantum information requires $\\sqrt{(n+1)/n}$ times more time-energy resource than erasing classical information, where $n$ is the system dimension.

Chi-Hang Fred Fung; H. F. Chau

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

317

Average Predictability Time. Part II: Seamless Diagnoses of Predictability on Multiple Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new method for diagnosing predictability on multiple time scales without time averaging. The method finds components that maximize the average predictability time (APT) of a system, where APT is defined as the integral of ...

Timothy DelSole; Michael K. Tippett

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

JAVA & Parallelism/Real-time systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Windowing Toolkit (AWT) in a memory-efficient way. JAVA Application Environment (JAE) Support enables the same applets and applications to run on other servers or platforms running the JAVA Virtual Machine. CHAPTER 2 Embedded and Real-Time JAVA According to the designers at Sun Microsystems, is JAVA also suitable for Embedded or Real-Time systems. Before proceeding further it is worth trying to define the phrase `real-time system' more precisely. 2.1 Definition of a real-time system There are many interpretations of the exact nature of a real-time system; however, they all have in common the notion of response time, the time taken for the system to generate output from some associated input. The Oxford Dictionary of Computing [48] gives the following definition of a real-time system. A real-time system is... Any system in which the time at which output is produced is significant. This is usually because the input corresponds to some movement in the physical world, and the output ha...

D. F. Nooren

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Time and Tide Wait for No Diagram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time plays an important role in some application domains, and can be quite difficult to deal with in diagrams. This is not only true for temporal uncertainty, but also for periodic events. We compare nine different representations that include a notion of time or that are mainly used for temporal information: Time Lines/LifeLines, AsbruView, Gantt- and PERT-Charts, Shinkansen timetables, Temporal Objects, Sets of Possible Occurrences (SOPOs), the Time Cube and Concentric Circles. Features of the different methods are presented and compared to other representations. This paper is meant to help the designer of a diagram or visualization who has to deal with time get an overview over different design ideas, and maybe get an inspiration for their own ideas. Keywords Information Visualization, Time in Problem Solving Methods, Knowledge Acquisition, Knowledge Engineering and Modeling Methodologies

Robert Kosara; Peter Messner; Silvia Miksch

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Property:Event/Time | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time Time Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Event/Time Property Type String Description The time an event occurs. For events which span an entire day, please use 'All Day'. When entering a specific time, please be sure to include the timezone information, for example: '2:45 PM MDT' or '10:00 AM GST'. Pages using the property "Event/Time" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A April Fool's Day + All Day + B Blane Harvey co-facilitating a session on use of climate decision making tools with CARE and Tearfund + 13:00-14:00 + Blane Harvey facilitating a lunchtime session on Indigenous Knowledge and Adaptation + 13:00-14:00 + Blane Harvey facilitating a lunchtime session on knowledge platforms and online communities of practice + 13:00-14:00 +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Reactor control rod timing system. [LMFBR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluid driven jet-edge whistle timing system is described for control rods of a nuclear reactor for producing real-time detection of the timing of each control rod in its scram operation. An important parameter in reactor safety, particularly for liquid metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBR), is the time deviation between the time the control rod is released and the time the rod actually reaches the down position. The whistle has a nearly pure tone signal with center frequency (above 100 kHz) far above the frequency band in which the energy of the background noise is concentrated. Each control rod can be fitted with a whistle with a different frequency so that there is no ambiguity in differentiating the signal from each control rod.

Wu, P.T.K.

1980-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

322

Time dependence of liquid-helium fluorescence  

SciTech Connect

The time dependence of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) fluorescence following an ionizing radiation event in liquid helium is observed and studied in the temperature range from 250 mK to 1.8 K. The fluorescence exhibits significant structure including a short ({approx}10 ns) strong initial pulse followed by single photons whose emission rate decays exponentially with a 1.6-{mu}s time constant. At an even longer time scale, the emission rate varies as '1/time' (inversely proportional to the time after the initial pulse). The intensity of the '1/time' component from {beta} particles is significantly weaker than those from {alpha} particles or neutron capture on {sup 3}He. It is also found that for {alpha} particles, the intensity of this component depends on the temperature of the superfluid helium. Proposed models describing the observed fluorescence are discussed.

McKinsey, D.N.; Brome, C.R.; Dzhosyuk, S.N.; Mattoni, C.E.H.; Yang, L.; Doyle, J.M. [Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Golub, R.; Habicht, K.; Korobkina, E. [Hahn-Meitner Institut, Berlin-Wannsee (Germany); Huffman, P.R.; Thompson, A.K. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Lamoreaux, S.K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Statistical criteria for characterizing irradiance time series.  

SciTech Connect

We propose and examine several statistical criteria for characterizing time series of solar irradiance. Time series of irradiance are used in analyses that seek to quantify the performance of photovoltaic (PV) power systems over time. Time series of irradiance are either measured or are simulated using models. Simulations of irradiance are often calibrated to or generated from statistics for observed irradiance and simulations are validated by comparing the simulation output to the observed irradiance. Criteria used in this comparison should derive from the context of the analyses in which the simulated irradiance is to be used. We examine three statistics that characterize time series and their use as criteria for comparing time series. We demonstrate these statistics using observed irradiance data recorded in August 2007 in Las Vegas, Nevada, and in June 2009 in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Stein, Joshua S.; Ellis, Abraham; Hansen, Clifford W.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Tests of timing properties of silicon photomultipliers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Timing measurements of Silicon Photomultipliers (SiPM) [1] and [2] at the picosecond level were performed at Fermilab. The core timing resolution of the electronic measurement technique is approximately 2 ps. The single photoelectron time resolution (SPTR) was measured for the signals coming from the SiPM's. A SPTR of about one hundred picoseconds was obtained for SiPM's illuminated by laser pulses. The dependence of the SPTR on applied bias voltage and on the wavelength of the light was measured. A simple model is proposed to explain the difference in the SPTR for blue and red light. A time of flight system based on the SiPM's, with quartz Cherenkov radiators, was tested in a proton beam at Fermilab. The time resolution obtained is 35 ps per SiPM. Finally, requirements for the SiPM's temperature and bias voltage stability to maintain the time resolution are discussed.

Ronzhin, A.; Albrow, M.; /Fermilab; Byrum, K.; /Argonne; Demarteau, M.; Los, S.; /Fermilab; May, E.; /Argonne; Ramberg, A.; /Fermilab; Va'vra, J.; /SLAC; Zatserklyaniy, A.; /Puerto Rico U., Mayaguez

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Like Fireflies and Pendulum Clocks, Nano-oscillators ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The work described in Nature is an advance in the field of “spintronics,” which takes advantage of the fact that the individual electrons in an electric ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

326

Boosting FMAX of Processor Pipelines using Intentional Memory Clock Skew  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's an email. "Please be aware of the fact that First Nations tribes in British Columbia, Canada are refusing, the people in British Columbia, including those tribes, have spoken up recently and said they wanted to know:57:11 Because of opposition from communities in British Columbia. The premier in British Columbia has now put up

Lemieux, Guy

327

THE MERCURY-ION OPTICAL CLOCK: TOWARDS A ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In order to perform this measurement, it is essential that there is a stable “flywheel” that can provide a link between successive measurements of the ...

2005-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

328

The butterfly clock : illuminating the molecular mysteries of monarch migration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Each fall, the entire monarch butterfly population of the Eastern United States and Canada funnels into a handful of oyamel pine groves in Michoacan, Mexico, to weather the winter months. Each spring, the butterflies mate ...

Rice, Jocelyn

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Chip-Scale Magnetic Sensor Draws on Mini Clock Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... include hand-held devices for sensing unexploded ordnance, precision navigation, geophysical mapping to locate minerals or oil, and medical ...

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

330

Quantum key distribution with 1.25 Gbps clock synchronization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

background, either from the sun in a free-space system or from single- photon detectors in a 1550 nm fiber system. Alice and Bob are located inside two buildings separated by 730 m. A free-space 1550 nm optical Alice and Bob. These systems have optical beacons and active tracking, and can operate over ranges

331

Quantum key distribution with 1.25 Gbps clock synchronization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

single- photon detectors in a 1550 nm fiber system. Narrow temporal gating has been shown experimental system. Alice and Bob are located inside two (C) 2004 OSA 3 May 2004 / Vol. 12 No. 9 / OPTICS). The attenuated pulses are coupled, via single-mode fiber, to free-space optics mounted on the back

Levi, Anthony F. J.

332

NIST Ytterbium Atomic Clocks Set Record for Stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ytterbium atoms are generated in an oven (large metal cylinder on the left) and sent to a vacuum chamber in the center of the photo to be ...

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

333

Photosynthetic entrainment of the Arabidopsis thaliana circadian clock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and simultaneous equations for assaying chlorophylls a and b extracted with four different solvents? : verification of the concentration of chlorophyll standards by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 975, 384–394 (1989). 45. Kwak, J. M. et al... -12 h dark cycles under 50 µmol m-2 s-1 cool fluorescent white light at constant 19°C. Photon counting experiments. Clusters of 5-10 seedlings were grown in 1/2 MS agar media and entrained in light-dark cycles (50 µmol m-2 s-1 light). For LUC...

Haydon, Michael J.; Mielczarek, Olga; Robertson, Fiona C.; Hubbard, Katherine E.; Webb, Alex A. R.

2013-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

334

NIST Pair of Aluminum Atomic Clocks Reveal Einstein's ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... due to their different elevations above the surface of the Earth, the higher ... who travels on a fast-moving rocket ship would return home younger than ...

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

335

NIST Clock Experiment Demonstrates That Your Head is ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... due to their different elevations above the surface of the Earth, the higher ... who travels on a fast-moving rocket ship would return home younger than ...

2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

336

Bell's Jump Process in Discrete Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The jump process introduced by J. S. Bell in 1986, for defining a quantum field theory without observers, presupposes that space is discrete whereas time is continuous. In this letter, our interest is to find an analogous process in discrete time. We argue that a genuine analog does not exist, but provide examples of processes in discrete time that could be used as a replacement.

Jonathan Barrett; Matthew Leifer; Roderich Tumulka

2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

337

Time-parallel multiscale/multiphysics framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the time-parallel compound wavelet matrix method (tpCWM) for modeling the temporal evolution of multiscale and multiphysics systems. The method couples time parallel (TP) and CWM methods operating at different spatial and temporal scales. ... Keywords: 02.00.00, 02.10.Jf, 05.10.-a, 46.15.-x, 47.70.Fw, Parallel-in-time, Wavelet-based multiscaling

G. Frantziskonis; K. Muralidharan; P. Deymier; S. Simunovic; P. Nukala; S. Pannala

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Runtime Monitoring of Timing Constraints in Distributed Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Embedded real-time systems often operate under strict timing and dependability constraints. To ensure responsiveness, these systems must be able to provide the expected services in a timely manner even in the presence of faults. In this paper, we describe a run-time environment for monitoring of timing constraints in distributed real-time systems. In particular, we focus on the problem of detecting violations of timing assertions in an environment in which the real-time tasks run on multiple processors, and timing constraints can be either inter-processor or intra-processor constraints. Constraint violations are detected at the earliest possible time by deriving and checking intermediate constraints from the user-specified constraints. If the violations must be detected as early as possible, then the problem of minimizing the number of messages to be exchanged between the processors becomes intractable. We characterize a sub-class of timing constraints that occur commonly in distribu...

Farnam Jahanian; Ragunathan Rajkumar; Sitaram C. V. Raju

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Sponsors : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

researchindex.html In-kind cost-share The New York Times Company Advance Transformer Co. Lutron Electronics, Inc. MechoShade Systems, Inc. Siemens Building...

340

Special education teachers' personal time and money.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Because of state and federal budget deficits. teachers are using thcir own time and rnoney to meet student nceds. This research seeks to determine the… (more)

Tewalt, Brandon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Research Energy Systems Integration Real Time2) integration with CA ISO energy management system (EMS);2) integration with CA ISO energy management system (EMS);

Eto, Joe

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Construction Timing and Expectations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction Timing and Expectations Construction Timing and Expectations Construction Timing and Expectations October 16, 2013 - 5:07pm Addthis Creating a detailed construction schedule that allows all the project elements to be coordinated in a timely manner is fundamental to any successful construction project. The construction schedule should take into account that many tasks cannot be started before others are finished. It should also account for special schedule considerations related to renewable energy systems. Key elements of most new construction or major renovation projects include landscape, structural, architectural, mechanical, electrical, plumbing, communication systems, and renewable energy systems. Maintaining the highest quality of construction across all elements is fundamental to any

343

'Dead Time' Limits Quantum Cryptography Speeds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Not only does dead time limit the transmission rate of a message ... effects and paralyzability in high-speed quantum key distribution, New Journal of ...

2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

344

Time Series Prediction Forecasting the Future and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time Series Prediction Forecasting the Future and Understanding the Past Santa Fe Institute Proceedings on the Studies in the Sciences of ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

NIST Time and Frequency Division 1993 - Technical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... can be reached with commercial red diode ... the time scale when building and remodelling ... American Geophysical Union meeting in San Francisco. ...

346

Commuting time geometry of ergodic Markov chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how to map the states of an ergodic Markov chain to Euclidean space so that the squared distance between states is the expected commuting time. We find a minimax characterization of commuting times, and from this we get monotonicity of commuting times with respect to equilibrium transition rates. All of these results are familiar in the case of time-reversible chains, where techniques of classical electrical theory apply. In presenting these results, we take the opportunity to develop Markov chain theory in a `conformally correct' way

Doyle, Peter G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Meykhana - The poetics of time and space.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Right before the rhythmic, improvisational and poetic genre called meykhana was forbidden to practice in Soviet Azerbaijan, it bloomed for a short time in the… (more)

Zakariyya, Zulaim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

NIST Time Measurement and Analysis Service (TMAS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Analysis Service (TMAS) was designed to assist ... and calibrated time measurement system which includes ... easy-to-read instruction manual makes ...

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

349

SIM Time and Frequency Working Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... SIM Time and Frequency Metrology Course at INTI. Buenos Aires, Argentina (February 4th through February 7th, 2008). Schedule in PDF format. ...

350

SIM Time and Frequency Working Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... file). Schedule and Slides from Time and Frequency Metrology Course in Buenos Aires, Argentina (2/4/08 to 02/07/08). Schedule ...

351

Time fractional development of quantum systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the effect of time fractionalization on the development of quantum systems is taken under consideration by making use of fractional calculus. In this context, a Mittag-Leffler function is introduced as an important mathematical tool in the generalization of the evolution operator. In order to investigate the time fractional evolution of the quantum (nano) systems, time fractional forms of motion are obtained for a Schroedinger equation and a Heisenberg equation. As an application of the concomitant formalism, the wave functions, energy eigenvalues, and probability densities of the potential well and harmonic oscillator are time fractionally obtained via the fractional derivative order {alpha}, which is a measure of the fractality of time. In the case {alpha}=1, where time becomes homogenous and continuous, traditional physical conclusions are recovered. Since energy and time are conjugate to each other, the fractional derivative order {alpha} is relevant to time. It is understood that the fractionalization of time gives rise to energy fluctuations of the quantum (nano) systems.

Ertik, Hueseyin; Demirhan, Dogan; Sirin, Hueseyin; Bueyuekkilic, Fevzi [Department of Physics, Science Faculty, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir 35100 (Turkey)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

A misuse of time and energy .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this exegesis, A Misuse of Time and Energy, I set out a contextual framework for my practice-based sculptural project. I consider two flawed and… (more)

Blackburn, Nikolas Alexander

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

TIME REVERSAL ACOUSTIC NONCONTACT SOURCE - Energy Innovation ...  

The present invention provides a flexible noncontact source of wave energy through the use of time reversal. In the preferred embodiment a ...

354

NIST Time and Frequency Division History  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of accurate measurements of mean solar time (from ... needs of the broadcast industry, NIST initiated ... Concurrent with the development of more recent ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

355

Multiplicative cascades and seismicity in natural time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural time chi enables the distinction of two origins of self-similarity, i.e., the process memory and the process increments infinite variance. Employing multiplicative cascades in natural time, the most probable value of the variance kappa{sub 1}(ident to-{sup 2}) is explicitly related with the parameter b of the Gutenberg-Richter law of randomly shuffled earthquake data. Moreover, the existence of temporal and magnitude correlations is studied in the original earthquake data. Magnitude correlations are larger for closer in time earthquakes, when the maximum interoccurrence time varies from half a day to 1 min.

Sarlis, N. V.; Skordas, E. S.; Varotsos, P. A. [Department of Physics, Solid State Section and Solid Earth Physics Institute, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 157 84 Athens (Greece)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

356

Four Time Periods - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... we will be seeing a downward trend in differentials as time moves on. We expect the recent upturn in the light-heavy differentials to be ...

357

Publishers of Time and Frequency Software  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1 Ace Software, X, Windows. Acrovista, X, Windows. Apple Computer, X, Macintosh. Atom Time, X, Windows. Beagle Software, X, X, Windows. ...

2013-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

358

Time synchronization for underwater acoustic sensor networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The unique properties of underwater acoustic communications, such as large and time-varying propagation, low and range dependent bandwidth, and adverse operating environment make the synchronization… (more)

Khandoker, Tarik-Ul Islam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Nordic Journal of Computing 10(2003), 135. TIMED CSP = CLOSED TIMED -AUTOMATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nordic Journal of Computing 10(2003), 1­35. TIMED CSP = CLOSED TIMED -AUTOMATA JO¨EL OUAKNINE CSP which significantly increase expressiveness. As a result, we are able to capture some of the most of the finite-state fragment of this augmented version of Timed CSP as that of closed timed -automata

Ouaknine, Joël

360

Nordic Journal of Computing 10(2003), 1--35. TIMED CSP = CLOSED TIMED #AUTOMATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nordic Journal of Computing 10(2003), 1--35. TIMED CSP = CLOSED TIMED #­AUTOMATA JO Ë? EL OUAKNINE CSP which significantly increase expressiveness. As a result, we are able to capture some of the most of the finite­state fragment of this augmented version of Timed CSP as that of closed timed #­automata

Ouaknine, Joël

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Continuous-time nonlinear model predictive control of time-delayed Wiener-type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with a novel method of continuous-time model predictive control for nonlinear time-delayed systems. The problems regarding time delays are solved by incorporating delayed and undelayed model outputs in the control-law derivation. Nonlinear-mapping ... Keywords: Wiener-type model, continuous system, nonlinear predictive control, time-delayed system

Simon Oblak; Igor Škrjanc

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Fractal analysis of time varying data  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Characteristics of time varying data, such as an electrical signal, are analyzed by converting the data from a temporal domain into a spatial domain pattern. Fractal analysis is performed on the spatial domain pattern, thereby producing a fractal dimension D.sub.F. The fractal dimension indicates the regularity of the time varying data.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Sadana, Ajit (Oxford, MS)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Iterative Time Reversal with Tunable Convergence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and test an iterative technique for improving the temporal focusing of a time reversal mirror. A single amplification parameter is introduced to tune the convergence of the iteration. The tunable iterative technique is validated by tests on an experimental electromagnetic time reversal mirror, as well as on a novel numerical model.

Biniyam Tesfaye Taddese; Thomas M. Antonsen; Edward Ott; Steven M. Anlage

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

364

Practical reporting times for environmental samples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preanalytical holding times for environmental samples are specified because chemical and physical characteristics may change between sampling and chemical analysis. For example, the Federal Register prescribes a preanalytical holding time of 14 days for volatile organic compounds in soil stored at 4{degrees}C. The American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) uses a more technical definition that the preanalytical holding time is the day when the analyte concentration for an environmental sample falls below the lower 99% confidence interval on the analyte concentration at day zero. This study reviews various holding time definitions and suggest a new preanalytical holding time approach using acceptable error rates for measuring an environmental analyte. This practical reporting time (PRT) approach has been applied to nineteen volatile organic compounds and four explosives in three environmental soil samples. A PRT nomograph of error rates has been developed to estimate the consequences of missing a preanalytical holding time. This nomograph can be applied to a large class of analytes with concentrations that decay linearly or exponentially with time regardless of sample matrices and storage conditions.

Bayne, C.K.; Schmoyer, D.D.; Jenkins, R.A.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Predicting time series with advanced hybrid systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Autogressive moving average (ARMA) has been widely used to model processes that generate linear time-series. Recent research activities in forecasting with artificial neutral networks (ANNs) suggest that ANNs can be a promising alternative to the traditional ... Keywords: ARMA models, fuzzy system, hybrid system, neutral networks, time series

O. Valenzuela; I. Rojas; F. Rojas; H. Pomares; J. Gonzalez; L. J. Herrera; A. Guillen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Gravity in Complex Hermitian Space-Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A generalized theory unifying gravity with electromagnetism was proposed by Einstein in 1945. He considered a Hermitian metric on a real space-time. In this work we review Einstein's idea and generalize it further to consider gravity in a complex Hermitian space-time.

Ali H. Chamseddine

2006-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

367

Efficient forecasting for hierarchical time series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasting is used as the basis for business planning in many application areas such as energy, sales and traffic management. Time series data used in these areas is often hierarchically organized and thus, aggregated along the hierarchy levels based ... Keywords: forecasting, hierarchies, optimization, time series

Lars Dannecker; Robert Lorenz; Philipp Rösch; Wolfgang Lehner; Gregor Hackenbroich

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Tritium Time Series from Ocean Station P  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present time series of tritium (3H) concentrations at varying depths in the water column at Ocean Station P(50°N, 145°W) in the northeast Pacific. Measurements started in the fall of 1974, at the time of the GEOSECS mapping of the North ...

A. E. Gargett; G. Ostlund; C. S. Wong

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Integrated method for chaotic time series analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for automatically detecting differences between similar but different states in a nonlinear process monitor nonlinear data. Steps include: acquiring the data; digitizing the data; obtaining nonlinear measures of the data via chaotic time series analysis; obtaining time serial trends in the nonlinear measures; and determining by comparison whether differences between similar but different states are indicated.

Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN); Ng, Esmond G. (Concord, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Is the notion of time really fundamental?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the Physics point of view, time is now best described through General Relativity, as part of space-time which is a dynamical object encoding gravity. Time possesses also some intrinsic irreversibility due to thermodynamics, quantum mechanical effects... This irreversibility can look puzzling since time-like loops (and hence time machines) can appear in General Relativity (for example in the Goedel universe, a solution of Einstein's equations). We take this apparent discrepancy as a warning bell pointing to us that time as we understand it, might not be fundamental and that whatever theory, lying beyond General Relativity, may not include time as we know it as a fundamental structure. We propose therefore, following the philosophy of analog models of gravity, that time and gravity might not be fundamental per se, but only emergent features. We illustrate our proposal using a toy-model where we show how the Lorentzian signature and Nordstroem gravity (a diffeomorphisms invariant scalar gravity theory) can emerge from a timeless non-dynamical space.

Florian Girelli; Stefano Liberati; Lorenzo Sindoni

2009-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

371

Airport Gate Scheduling with Time Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to the existing airport gate assignment studies where flight have fixed schedules, we consider the more realistic situation where flight arrival and departure times can change. Although we minimize walking distances (or travel time) in our ... Keywords: aircraft gate scheduling, memetic algorithm, tabu search

A. Lim; B. Rodrigues; Y. Zhu

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Time series forecasting with Qubit Neural Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a quantum learning scheme approach for time series forecasting, through the application of the new non-standard Qubit Neural Network (QNN) model. The QNN description was adapted in this work in order to resemble classical Artificial ... Keywords: artificial intelligence, artificial neural networks, quantum computing, qubit neural networks, time series forecasting

Carlos R. B. Azevedo; Tiago A. E. Ferreira

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Computing Needs Time Edward A. Lee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Toyota. #12;Computing Needs Time Edward A. Lee UC Berkeley eal@eecs.berkeley.edu February 18, 2009, and Toyota. 1 #12;E. A. Lee, Berkeley Computing Needs Time "It seems to have a computer; need I say more."1

374

EnergyPlus Run Time Analysis  

SciTech Connect

EnergyPlus is a new generation building performance simulation program offering many new modeling capabilities and more accurate performance calculations integrating building components in sub-hourly time steps. However, EnergyPlus runs much slower than the current generation simulation programs. This has become a major barrier to its widespread adoption by the industry. This paper analyzed EnergyPlus run time from comprehensive perspectives to identify key issues and challenges of speeding up EnergyPlus: studying the historical trends of EnergyPlus run time based on the advancement of computers and code improvements to EnergyPlus, comparing EnergyPlus with DOE-2 to understand and quantify the run time differences, identifying key simulation settings and model features that have significant impacts on run time, and performing code profiling to identify which EnergyPlus subroutines consume the most amount of run time. This paper provides recommendations to improve EnergyPlus run time from the modeler?s perspective and adequate computing platforms. Suggestions of software code and architecture changes to improve EnergyPlus run time based on the code profiling results are also discussed.

Hong, Tianzhen; Buhl, Fred; Haves, Philip

2008-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

375

Integrated method for chaotic time series analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for automatically detecting differences between similar but different states in a nonlinear process monitor nonlinear data are disclosed. Steps include: acquiring the data; digitizing the data; obtaining nonlinear measures of the data via chaotic time series analysis; obtaining time serial trends in the nonlinear measures; and determining by comparison whether differences between similar but different states are indicated. 8 figs.

Hively, L.M.; Ng, E.G.

1998-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

376

FAST: Frequency-aware static timing analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy is a valuable resource in embedded systems as the lifetime of many such systems is constrained by their battery capacity. Recent advances in processor design have added support for dynamic frequency/voltage scaling (DVS) for saving energy. Recent ... Keywords: Real-time systems, dynamic voltage scaling, scheduling, worst-case execution time analysis

Kiran Seth; Aravindh Anantaraman; Frank Mueller; Eric Rotenberg

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

It's Time to ACT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

It's Time to ACT It's Time to ACT It's Time to ACT May 25, 2011 - 10:32am Addthis John Lippert In my November 29, 2010 and my February 15, 2011 blog postings, I described some tools and strategies based on behavioral psychology that some companies and organizations are using to encourage people to use less energy and purchase clean energy. Here's another one. I was reading an article the other day in which University of Nevada, Reno, psychologist Steven Hayes gave his explanation of why we Americans are so reluctant to adjust our thermostats. He believes our culture has conditioned us to avoid all discomfort. In other words, we believe that we should feel good all the time. The funny thing is that I heard multiple times essentially the same message at religious services I attended. The common thread in these messages and

378

Fermilab | Fermilab Time and Labor | Launch  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Go to FTL timecard Click here to create and submit your timecard on the Fermilab Time and Labor system. Alternate System Login This link uses html only and may work on your mobile device. It is provided for ease of use only. If it doesn't work for you, please use the other link. Fermilab Time and Labor All employees use a single, standard system to report their time and effort electronically. Log in to the system here. This has modernized our time and labor reporting system and helps Fermilab comply with DOE requirements. Use this page to access tools that will help you use the Fermilab Time & Labor electronic timecard. You can login to your timecard, access training materials and documentation and ensure that your browser has the settings and software it needs to access the system.

379

It's Time to ACT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

It's Time to ACT It's Time to ACT It's Time to ACT May 25, 2011 - 10:32am Addthis John Lippert In my November 29, 2010 and my February 15, 2011 blog postings, I described some tools and strategies based on behavioral psychology that some companies and organizations are using to encourage people to use less energy and purchase clean energy. Here's another one. I was reading an article the other day in which University of Nevada, Reno, psychologist Steven Hayes gave his explanation of why we Americans are so reluctant to adjust our thermostats. He believes our culture has conditioned us to avoid all discomfort. In other words, we believe that we should feel good all the time. The funny thing is that I heard multiple times essentially the same message at religious services I attended. The common thread in these messages and

380

Changes in risk perception over time  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this paper is on changes in perceptions of the risks associated with nuclear waste management over time. In particular, we are interested in the kinds of change that take place when the management programs, and those who are charged with implementing them, are subject to intensive public debate over an extended period of time. We are undertaken an over-time study of perceived risks in Colorado and New Mexico by implementing sequential random household surveys in each state, timed at six month intervals. This study employs three of these surveys, spanning the period from summer, 1990 to summer, 1991. Using these data, we examine the dynamics that may underlie variations in perceived risks over time. In particular, our analysis is focused on changes in the roles played by (1) basic political orientations (i.e. political ideology) and (2) trust in those who advocate conflicting policy positions.

Gomez, L.S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jenkins-Smith, H.C.; Miller, K.W. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Time-Domain Electromagnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Time-Domain Electromagnetics Time-Domain Electromagnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Time-Domain Electromagnetics Details Activities (10) Areas (10) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Detection of rock units or geological features with contrasting apparent resistivity. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural information may be inferred from TDEM data. Hydrological: Hydrological information such as depth to groundwater table may be determined. Thermal: Extent of hydrothermal alteration mineralogy may be inferred. Cost Information

382

Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body. 14 figs.

Bliss, M.; Craig, R.A.; Reeder, P.L.

1998-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

383

Real time sensor for therapeutic radiation delivery  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a real time sensor for therapeutic radiation. A probe is placed in or near the patient that senses in real time the dose at the location of the probe. The strength of the dose is determined by either an insertion or an exit probe. The location is determined by a series of vertical and horizontal sensing elements that gives the operator a real time read out dose location relative to placement of the patient. The increased accuracy prevents serious tissue damage to the patient by preventing overdose or delivery of a dose to a wrong location within the body.

Bliss, Mary (West Richland, WA); Craig, Richard A. (West Richland, WA); Reeder, Paul L. (Richland, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Proper Time Flow Equation for Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze a proper time renormalization group equation for Quantum Einstein Gravity in the Einstein-Hilbert truncation and compare its predictions to those of the conceptually different exact renormalization group equation of the effective average action. We employ a smooth infrared regulator of a special type which is known to give rise to extremely precise critical exponents in scalar theories. We find perfect consistency between the proper time and the average action renormalization group equations. In particular the proper time equation, too, predicts the existence of a non-Gaussian fixed point as it is necessary for the conjectured nonperturbative renormalizability of Quantum Einstein Gravity.

Bonanno, A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Nuclear dynamics in time-dependent picture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the time-dependent theory of quantum mechanics, we investigate nuclear electric dipole responses. The time evolution of a wave function is explicitly calculated in the coordinate-space representation. The particle continuum is treated with the absorbing boundary condition. Calculated time-dependent quantities are transformed into those of familiar energy representation. We apply the method to a three-body model for 11Li and to the mean-field model for 22O, then discuss properties of E1 response.

Takashi Nakatsukasa; Makoto Ito; Kazuhiro Yabana

2006-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

386

primary frequency standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST-F1 Cesium Fountain Atomic Clock The Primary Time and Frequency Standard for the United States. NIST-F1, the nation's ...

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

387

NIST Manuscript Publication Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... train from a mode-locked semiconductor laser (MLLD) to an external clock signal and achieved the lowest timing jitter (20 fs, intergrated from 1 Hz ...

2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

388

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

must be measured redundantly, and preferably in situ, to eliminate the possibility of human or instrumental error. Atomic clocks by each detector serve as a time reference but...

389

Scientific Papers of the Bureau of Standards Volume 20  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Effect of Wear on the magnetic properties and tensile strength of steel wire ... time-scale exposure machine) with clock-controlled motor drive, S511, p ...

2013-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

390

NIST Technology at a Glance, Summer/Fall 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 100 times smaller than any other atomic clock—has ... precise timekeeping in portable, battery-powered devices ... to be operated on batteries) and are ...

391

NIST Tech Beat -August 30, 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 100 times smaller than any other atomic clock—has ... precise timekeeping in portable, battery-powered devices ... to be operated on batteries) and are ...

392

IT News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search IT News Daylight Savings Time Change Affects Calendar and Computers Alarm clock Calendar Users: Check Shifted Meetings Due to the recent change in the...

393

Graduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time Limits and Work Schedules Time Limits and Work Schedules Graduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules Point your career towards LANL: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is rich in intellectual vitality and opportunities for growth. Contact Student Programs (505) 665-8899 Email Time Limits The length of participation in the graduate program is limited as follows: With a bachelor's pursuing a master's degree: 4 years With a bachelor's pursuing a PhD: 7 years With a master's pursuing a second master's degree: 2 years With a master's pursuing a PhD: 4 years With a master's pursuing a master's and PhD in a new field: 6 years Students may remain in the GRA program for up to three months after receiving their PhD. Work schedules Year-round students Students participating in the MBA program, post-baccalaureate appointments,

394

Space-Time Insight | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Space-Time Insight Space-Time Insight Jump to: navigation, search Name Space-Time Insight Address 45680 Northport Loop East Place Fremont, California Zip 94538 Sector Efficiency Product SpaceTime Awareness Server Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Website http://www.spacetimeinsight.co Coordinates 37.4923832°, -121.9532879° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.4923832,"lon":-121.9532879,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

395

Property:Real-Time | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Real-Time Real-Time Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Real-Time Property Type String Pages using the property "Real-Time" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + No + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + A Alden Large Flume + Yes + Alden Small Flume + Yes + Alden Tow Tank + Yes + Alden Wave Basin + Yes + B Breakwater Research Facility + No + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + No + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + No + Carderock 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + No + Carderock Circulating Water Channel + No +

396

Unraveling life four letters at a time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unraveling life four letters at a time Unraveling life four letters at a time 1663 Los Alamos science and technology magazine Latest Issue:November 2013 All Issues » submit Unraveling life four letters at a time Major advances in sequencing since the official end of the Human Genome Project are fueling a revolution in genomics research. November 25, 2013 Unraveling life four letters at a time Reading the genetic code of life keeps getting faster and cheaper, bringing more and more new discoveries within reach. The genomics revolution that came after the Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project officially ended in 2003, but the 10 years since have seen dramatic improvements in genomics technology and discovery. New, rapid sequencing machines provide high throughput conversion of genetic material (DNA or RNA) into data to be arranged into its proper order by a

397

Energy drift in reversible time integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy drift is commonly observed in reversible integrations of systems of molecular dynamics. We show that this drift can be modelled as a diffusion and that the typical energy error after time T is O(?T).

R I McLachlan; M Perlmutter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Fun with sub-linear time algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Provided that one is willing to use randomness and to tolerate an approximate answer, many computational problems admit ultrafast algorithms that run in less than linear time in the length of the input. In many interesting cases, even algorithms that ...

Luca Trevisan

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Undergraduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Time Limits and Work Schedules Time Limits and Work Schedules Undergraduate Program Time Limits and Work Schedules Point your career towards LANL: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is rich in intellectual vitality and opportunities for growth. Contact Student Programs (505) 665-8899 Email Time limits The length of participation in the undergraduate program is limited to a maximum of six years for students pursuing a bachelor's degree and three years for students pursuing an associate's degree. Work schedules Year-round students Students participating in some special undergraduate programs, post-baccalaureate appointments, post-master's appointments, and GRA students working on a thesis or dissertation are excluded from the 30-hour per week work restriction.

400

NSLS User Access | Requesting Beam Time  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Requesting Beam Time Requesting Beam Time Use one of the following options depending on your research: General User Proposal General User proposals are peer reviewed for scientific merit by a Proposal Review Panel (PRP). General User proposals compete for beamtime with other General User Proposals based on scientific merit. Once the original proposal and beam time request is reviewed and rated in the PASS System, additional beam time requests can be submitted against the original proposal for its lifetime, a period of up to six cycles (two years). Data taken during experiments associated with a General User proposal is considered to be in the public domain. There is no charge for General User beamtime. Rapid Access Rapid Access proposals are a subset of General User proposals available for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Estimates of Characteristic Times for Precipitation Scavenging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of using climatological data to estimate residence times in the atmosphere of particles subjected to precipitation scavenging. Basic parameters are the scavenging coefficient ?, the rainfall intensity R and the length of ...

Henning Rodhe; Jan Grandell

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Casimir forces in the time domain: Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our previous article [Phys. Rev. A 80, 012115 (2009)] introduced a method to compute Casimir forces in arbitrary geometries and for arbitrary materials that was based on a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) scheme. In ...

Johnson, Steven G.

403

Real Time Energy Pricing Web Services Implementation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real Time Energy Pricing Web Services Implementation Speaker(s): Jim Boch Kim McCaffrey Robert Nawy Date: December 15, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of...

404

Space–Time Correlations of Lightning Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning location data are used to calculate the autocorrelation function of lightning distributions, which is a function of distances and time intervals between the single lightning events. This function is utilized for the characterization of ...

Ulli Finke

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Time Scales of Land Surface Hydrology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper intends to investigate the time scales of land surface hydrology and enhance the understanding of the hydrological cycle between the atmosphere, vegetation, and soil. A three-layer model for land surface hydrology is developed to study ...

Aihui Wang; Xubin Zeng; Samuel S. P. Shen; Qing-Cun Zeng; Robert E. Dickinson

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Virtual stationary timed automata for mobile networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we formally define a programming abstraction for mobile networks called the Virtual Stationary Automata programming layer, consisting of real mobile clients, virtual timed I/O automata called virtual ...

Nolte, Tina Ann, 1979-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

The Aging Workforce and Paid Time Off  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Aging Workforce and Paid Time Off Draft 07/08/09 Gilliana matter of the workforce aging as the population ages. Thephysical changes with aging that can affect performance. 10

Lester, Gillian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Real-time rendering systems in 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a case for future real-time rendering systems that support non-physically-correct global illumination techniques by using ray tracing visibility algorithms, by integrating scene management with rendering, and by executing on general-purpose ...

William R. Mark; Donald Fussell

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

It's About Time: Investing in Transportation to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARCH 2011 It's About Time: Investing in Transportation to Keep Texas Economically Competitive #12 of Contents Preface 1 The Challenge Facing Texans 3 Texas Transportation Action Principles 6 Texas' Deteriorating Transportation System: Background and Measurement 8 Baseline Scenario: Unacceptable Conditions

410

Thermodynamics and time-directional invariance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time directions are not invariant in conventional thermodynamics. We broadly follow ideas of Ludwig Boltzmann and investigate implications of postulating time-directional invariance in thermodynamics. In this investigation, we require that thermodynamic descriptions are not changed under time reversal accompanied by replacement of matter by antimatter (i.e. CPT-invariant thermodynamics). The matter and antimatter are defined as thermodynamic concepts without detailing their physical structure. Our analysis stays within the limits of conceptual thermodynamics and leads to effective negative temperatures, to thermodynamic restrictions on time travel and to inherent antagonism of matter and antimatter. This antagonism is purely thermodynamic; it explains the difficulty in achieving thermodynamic equilibrium between matter and antimatter and does not postulate their mutual annihilation on contact. We believe that the conclusions of this work can be of interest not only for people researching or teaching thermodyn...

Klimenko, A Y

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

book review: A book for our time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

important thing in this book isn’t actually written down innews and update ISSN 1948-6596 book reviewA book for our time Spatial Conservation Prioritization —

Grenyer, Richard

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Advective Time Lags in Box Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A box model of the thermohaline circulation with mixed boundary conditions in which advective processes are incorporated via an explicit time delay mechanism is considered. The pipes that connect the subtropical and subpolar boxes have a finite ...

Douglas A. Kurtze; Juan M. Restrepo

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Real-Time Mesoscale Prediction on workstations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experience in performing real-time mesoscale numerical prediction forecasts using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) over Colorado for a winter season on high-performance workstations is summarized. Performance evaluation is done for ...

William R. Cotton; Gregory Thompson; Paul W. Mieike Jr.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Real time PCR measurement by fluorescence anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the gold-standard for quantitation in both mutation and gene expression analyses. Already this technique has found valuable clinical application in disease diagnosis and progression ...

Crane, Bryan Lee, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Near Real-Time Push Middleware  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Architecture.. 102 System Trial .. 109 Chapter 6 Electric vehicle smart charging and vehicle-to-gridSmart Grid, to address deficiencies in existing research, and to advance the state of the art in near real-time push architectures.

Mal, Siddhartha Byron

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Real Time System Operations (RTSO) 2006-2007 project focused on two parallel technical tasks: (1) Real-Time Applications of Phasors for Monitoring, Alarming and Control; and (2) Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (RTVSA) Prototype Tool. The overall goal of the phasor applications project was to accelerate adoption and foster greater use of new, more accurate, time-synchronized phasor measurements by conducting research and prototyping applications on California ISO's phasor platform - Real-Time Dynamics Monitoring System (RTDMS) -- that provide previously unavailable information on the dynamic stability of the grid. Feasibility assessment studies were conducted on potential application of this technology for small-signal stability monitoring, validating/improving existing stability nomograms, conducting frequency response analysis, and obtaining real-time sensitivity information on key metrics to assess grid stress. Based on study findings, prototype applications for real-time visualization and alarming, small-signal stability monitoring, measurement based sensitivity analysis and frequency response assessment were developed, factory- and field-tested at the California ISO and at BPA. The goal of the RTVSA project was to provide California ISO with a prototype voltage security assessment tool that runs in real time within California ISO?s new reliability and congestion management system. CERTS conducted a technical assessment of appropriate algorithms, developed a prototype incorporating state-of-art algorithms (such as the continuation power flow, direct method, boundary orbiting method, and hyperplanes) into a framework most suitable for an operations environment. Based on study findings, a functional specification was prepared, which the California ISO has since used to procure a production-quality tool that is now a part of a suite of advanced computational tools that is used by California ISO for reliability and congestion management.

Eto, Joseph H.; Parashar, Manu; Lewis, Nancy Jo

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Polynomial Time Algorithms for Minimum Energy Scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of power management policies is to reduce the amount of energy consumed by computer systems while maintaining satisfactory level of performance. One common method for saving energy is to simply suspend the system during the idle times. No energy is consumed in the suspend mode. However, the process of waking up the system itself requires a certain fixed amount of energy, and thus suspending the system is beneficial only if the idle time is long enough to compensate for this additional energy expenditure. In the specific problem studied in the paper, we have a set of jobs with release times and deadlines that need to be executed on a single processor. Preemptions are allowed. The processor requires energy L to be woken up and, when it is on, it uses one unit of energy per one unit of time. It has been an open problem whether a schedule minimizing the overall energy consumption can be computed in polynomial time. We solve this problem in positive, by providing an O(n^5)-time algorithm. In addition we pr...

Baptiste, Philippe; Durr, Christoph

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Gain Time Reclaiming in High Performance Real-Time Java Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The run-time characteristics of Java, such as high frequency of method invocation, dynamic dispatching and dynamic loading, make Java more difficult than other object-oriented programming languages, such as C++, for conducting Worst-Case Execution Time (WCET) analysis. To offer a more flexible way to develop object-oriented real-time applications in the realtime Java environment without loss of predicability and performance, we propose a novel gain time reclaiming framework integrated with WCET analysis. This paper demonstrates how to improve the utilisation and performance of the whole system by reclaiming gain time at run-time. Our approach shows that integrating WCET with gain time reclaiming can not only provide a more flexible environment, but it also does not necessarily result in unsafe or unpredictable timing behaviour.

Erik Yu-Shing Hu; Andy Wellings; Guillem Bernat

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Exploiting sparsity in time-of-flight range acquisition using a single time-resolved sensor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Range acquisition systems such as light detection and ranging (LIDAR) and time-of-flight (TOF) cameras operate by measuring the time difference of arrival between a transmitted pulse and the scene reflection. We introduce ...

Kirmani, Ahmed

420

A new time-invariant fuzzy time series forecasting method based on genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, many fuzzy time series methods have been proposed in the literature. Some of these methods use the classical fuzzy set theory, which needs complex matricial operations in fuzzy time series methods. Because of this problem, many studies ...

Erol E?rio?lu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Blind calibration of timing skew in time-interleaved analog-to-digital converters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The performance of time-interleaved analog-to-digital converters is often significantly degraded by timing mismatch errors. We develop methods for performing blind calibration of such converters, i.e., for estimating the ...

Divi, Vijay

422

Time-aging time-stress superposition in soft glass under tensile deformation field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied the tensile deformation behaviour of thin films of aging aqueous suspension of Laponite, a model soft glassy material, when subjected to a creep flow field generated by a constant engineering normal stress. Aqueous suspension of Laponite demonstrates aging behaviour wherein it undergoes time dependent enhancement of its elastic modulus as well as its characteristic relaxation time. However, under application of the normal stress, the rate of aging decreases and in the limit of high stress, the aging stops with the suspension now undergoing a plastic deformation. Overall, it is observed that the aging that occurs over short creep times at small normal stresses is same as the aging that occurs over long creep times at large normal stresses. This observation allows us to suggest an aging time - process time - normal stress superposition principle, which can predict rheological behaviour at longer times by carrying out short time tests.

Asima Shaukat; Ashutosh Sharma; Yogesh M. Joshi

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

423

On Time-Invariant Purified-Output-Based Discrete Time Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 14, 2005 ... On Time-Invariant Purified-Output-Based Discrete Time Control. Aharon Ben-Tal (abental ***at*** ie.technion.ac.il) Stephen Boyd (boyd ***at*** ...

424

Classification of the Entangled states L\\times N\\times N  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We presented a general classification scheme for the tripartite $L\\times N\\times N$ entangled system under stochastic local operation and classical communication. The whole classification procedure consists of two correlated parts: the simultaneous similarity transformation of a commuting matrix pair into a canonical form and the study of internal symmetry of parameters in the canonical form. Based on this scheme, a concrete example of entanglement classification for a $3\\times N\\times N$ system is given.

Jun-Li Li; Shi-Yuan Li; Cong-Feng Qiao

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

425

Extending quantum control of time-independent systems to time-dependent systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish that if a scheme can control a time-independent system arbitrarily coupled to a generic finite bath over a short period of time $T$ with control precision $O(T^{N+1})$, it can also realize the control with the same order of precision on smoothly time-dependent systems. This result extends the validity of various universal dynamical control schemes to arbitrary analytically time-dependent systems.

Zhen-Yu Wang; Ren-Bao Liu

2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

426

Pulmonary crackle detection using time-frequency and time-scale analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pulmonary crackles are used as indicators for the diagnosis of different pulmonary disorders in auscultation. Crackles are very common adventitious transient sounds. From the characteristics of crackles such as timing and number of occurrences, the type ... Keywords: Crackle detection, Denoising, Dual-tree complex wavelet transform, Ensemble methods, Lung sounds, Support vector machines, Time-frequency and time-scale analysis

Gorkem Serbes; C. Okan Sakar; Yasemin P. Kahya; Nizamettin Aydin

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Real-Time Signal Estimation From Modified Short-Time Fourier Transform Magnitude Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm for estimating signals from short-time magnitude spectra is introduced offering a significant improvement in quality and efficiency over current methods. The key issue is how to invert a sequence of overlapping magnitude spectra (a ldquospectrogramrdquo) ... Keywords: Magnitude-only reconstruction, real-time systems, signal estimation, spectrogram inversion, time-scale modification (TSM)

Xinglei Zhu; G. Beauregard; L. Wyse

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Use of a large time-compensated scintillation detector in neutron time-of-flight measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scintillator for neutron time-of-flight measurements is positioned at a desired angle with respect to the neutron beam, and as a function of the energy thereof, such that the sum of the transit times of the neutrons and photons in the scintillator are substantially independent of the points of scintillations within the scintillator. Extrapolated zero timing is employed rather than the usual constant fraction timing. As a result, a substantially larger scintillator can be employed that substantially increases the data rate and shortens the experiment time.

Goodman, Charles D. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

November 2008 The Y-12 Times  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 November 2008 www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php P.O. Box 2009 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8245 Managing Editors Amy Alley: alleyab@y12.doe.gov Heidi Spurling: spurlinghw@y12.doe.gov Layout/Design Lisa Harris Contributors Ellen Boatner Amanda Byrge Ken Davis Karen Dixon Kathy Fahey Stuart Hames I N S I D E Page 3 Ashes to ashes and dust to ... shapes Pages 4 and 5 Safeguards, Security, and Emergency Services' Sentinel Page 6 Y-12 creativeness honored Page 7 100 years in the making Page 8 Employee teams stepping up to improve safety Kathryn King Jamie Loveday Brett Pate Ray Smith Donna Watson Lisa Xiques times times the B&W Technical Services Y-12, LLC, a partnership between Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc. and Bechtel National Inc., operates the Y-12 National Security Complex.

430

Property:TimePeriod | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TimePeriod TimePeriod Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "TimePeriod" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 0.4 kV remote control (Smart Grid Project) + Not available + 2 220 kV SSSC device for power flow control (Smart Grid Project) + Jul 2009 Jul 2014 + A A complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) + Oct 2009 Dec 2015 + ADELE Project AACAES (Smart Grid Project) + Dec 2009 Dec 2013 + AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration (Smart Grid Project) + 2011-2014 + AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration (Smart Grid Project) (Belgium) + 2011-2014 +

431

Enabling time travel for the scholarly web  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enabling time travel for the scholarly web Enabling time travel for the scholarly web Enabling time travel for the scholarly web An international team of information scientists has begun a study to investigate how web links in scientific and other academic articles fail to lead to the resources being referenced. July 16, 2013 Herbert Van de Sompel, a Los Alamos National Laboratory information scientist, describes the information pathway involved in preventing "reference rot" in scientific material linked to the web. Herbert Van de Sompel, a Los Alamos National Laboratory information scientist, describes the information pathway involved in preventing "reference rot" in scientific material linked to the web. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email "Increasingly, scientific papers contain links to web pages containing,

432

Measurable Maximal Energy and Minimal Time Interval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of finding the measurable maximal energy and the minimal time interval is discussed in different quantum aspects. It is found that the linear generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) approach gives a non-physical result. Based on large scale Schwarzshild solution, the quadratic GUP approach is utilized. The calculations are performed at the shortest distance, at which the general relativity is assumed to be a good approximation for the quantum gravity and at larger distances, as well. It is found that both maximal energy and minimal time have the order of the Planck time. Then, the uncertainties in both quantities are accordingly bounded. Some physical insights are addressed. Also, the implications on the physics of early Universe and on quantized mass are outlined. The results are related to the existence of finite cosmological constant and minimum mass (mass quanta).

Eiman Abou El Dahab; Abdel Nasser Tawfik

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

433

Real time gamma-ray signature identifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A real time gamma-ray signature/source identification method and system using principal components analysis (PCA) for transforming and substantially reducing one or more comprehensive spectral libraries of nuclear materials types and configurations into a corresponding concise representation/signature(s) representing and indexing each individual predetermined spectrum in principal component (PC) space, wherein an unknown gamma-ray signature may be compared against the representative signature to find a match or at least characterize the unknown signature from among all the entries in the library with a single regression or simple projection into the PC space, so as to substantially reduce processing time and computing resources and enable real-time characterization and/or identification.

Rowland, Mark (Alamo, CA); Gosnell, Tom B. (Moraga, CA); Ham, Cheryl (Livermore, CA); Perkins, Dwight (Livermore, CA); Wong, James (Dublin, CA)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Hitting Time Distributions in Financial Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the hitting time distributions of stock price returns in different time windows, characterized by different levels of noise present in the market. The study has been performed on two sets of data from US markets. The first one is composed by daily price of 1071 stocks trade for the 12-year period 1987-1998, the second one is composed by high frequency data for 100 stocks for the 4-year period 1995-1998. We compare the probability distribution obtained by our empirical analysis with those obtained from different models for stock market evolution. Specifically by focusing on the statistical properties of the hitting times to reach a barrier or a given threshold, we compare the probability density function (PDF) of three models, namely the geometric Brownian motion, the GARCH model and the Heston model with that obtained from real market data. We will present also some results of a generalized Heston model.

Valenti, D; Spagnolo, B; Bonanno, Giovanni; Spagnolo, Bernardo; Valenti, Davide

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Relaxation time of non-conformal plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study effective relaxation time of viscous hydrodynamics of strongly coupled non-conformal gauge theory plasma using gauge theory/string theory correspondence. We compute leading corrections to the conformal plasma relaxation time from the relevant deformations due to dim-2 and dim-3 operators. We discuss in details the relaxation time tau_eff of N=2^* plasma. For a certain choice of masses this theory undergoes a phase transition with divergent specific heat c_V ~ |1-T_c/T|^(-1/2). Although the bulk viscosity remains finite all the way to the critical temperature, we find that tau_eff diverges near the critical point as tau_eff ~ |1-T_c/T|^(-1/2).

Alex Buchel

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

436

Transient nanobubbles in short-time electrolysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water electrolysis in a microsystem is observed and analyzed on a short-time scale ~10 us. Very unusual properties of the process are stressed. An extremely high current density is observed because the process is not limited by the diffusion of electroactive species. The high current is accompanied by a high relative supersaturation S>1000 that results in homogeneous nucleation of bubbles. On the short-time scale only nanobubbles can be formed. These nanobubbles densely cover the electrodes and aggregate at a later time to microbubbles. The effect is significantly intensified with a small increase of temperature. Application of alternating polarity voltage pulses produces bubbles containing a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen. Spontaneous reaction between gases is observed for stoichiometric bubbles with the size smallaer than 150 nm. Such bubbles disintegrate violently affecting the surface of electrodes.

Vitaly B. Svetovoy; Remco G. P. Sanders; Miko C. Elwenspoek

2013-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

437

Time-resolved multiple probe spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

Time-resolved multiple probe spectroscopy combines optical, electronic, and data acquisition capabilities to enable measurement of picosecond to millisecond time-resolved spectra within a single experiment, using a single activation pulse. This technology enables a wide range of dynamic processes to be studied on a single laser and sample system. The technique includes a 1 kHz pump, 10 kHz probe flash photolysis-like mode of acquisition (pump-probe-probe-probe, etc.), increasing the amount of information from each experiment. We demonstrate the capability of the instrument by measuring the photolysis of tungsten hexacarbonyl (W(CO){sub 6}) monitored by IR absorption spectroscopy, following picosecond vibrational cooling of product formation through to slower bimolecular diffusion reactions on the microsecond time scale.

Greetham, G. M.; Sole, D.; Clark, I. P.; Parker, A. W.; Pollard, M. R.; Towrie, M. [Central Laser Facility, Science and Technology Facilities Council, Research Complex at Harwell, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

Matrix representation of the time operator  

SciTech Connect

In quantum mechanics the time operator {Theta} satisfies the commutation relation [{Theta}, H]=i, and thus it may be thought of as being formally canonically conjugate to the Hamiltonian H. The time operator associated with a given Hamiltonian H is not unique because one can replace {Theta} by {Theta}+{Theta}{sub hom}, where {Theta}{sub hom} satisfies the homogeneous condition [{Theta}{sub hom}, H]= 0. To study this nonuniqueness the matrix elements of {Theta} for the harmonic-oscillator Hamiltonian are calculated in the eigenstate basis. This calculation requires the summation of divergent series, and the summation is accomplished by using zeta-summation techniques. It is shown that by including appropriate homogeneous contributions, the matrix elements of {Theta} simplify dramatically. However, it is still not clear whether there is an optimally simple representation of the time operator.

Bender, Carl M. [Department of Physics, Kings College London, Strand, London WC2R 1LS (United Kingdom); Gianfreda, Mariagiovanna [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Universita del Salento and I.N.F.N. Sezione di Lecce, Via Arnesano, I-73100 Lecce (Italy)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Time reversal signal processing for communication.  

SciTech Connect

Time-reversal is a wave focusing technique that makes use of the reciprocity of wireless propagation channels. It works particularly well in a cluttered environment with associated multipath reflection. This technique uses the multipath in the environment to increase focusing ability. Time-reversal can also be used to null signals, either to reduce unintentional interference or to prevent eavesdropping. It does not require controlled geometric placement of the transmit antennas. Unlike existing techniques it can work without line-of-sight. We have explored the performance of time-reversal focusing in a variety of simulated environments. We have also developed new algorithms to simultaneously focus at a location while nulling at an eavesdropper location. We have experimentally verified these techniques in a realistic cluttered environment.

Young, Derek P.; Jacklin, Neil; Punnoose, Ratish J.; Counsil, David T.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

etc. ) during which energy consumption is measured, the typedoes not specify energy consumption measurements but rather,test in which water and energy consumption are measured. The

Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CFL technology has matured, CFL efficiency levels have beenthe CFL standards and labeling programs, energy efficiencyto bare bulb CFL. Comparison of Energy Efficiency Values In

Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Simulation of time evolution with the MERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe an algorithm to simulate time evolution using the Multi-scale Entanglement Renormalization Ansatz (MERA) and test it by studying a critical Ising chain with periodic boundary conditions and with up to L ~ 10^6 quantum spins. The cost of a simulation, which scales as L log(L), is reduced to log(L) when the system is invariant under translations. By simulating an evolution in imaginary time, we compute the ground state of the system. The errors in the ground state energy display no evident dependence on the system size. The algorithm can be extended to lattice systems in higher spatial dimensions.

Matteo Rizzi; Simone Montangero; Guifre' Vidal

2007-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

443

Short rise time intense electron beam generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A generator for producing an intense relativistic electron beam having a subnanosecond current rise time includes a conventional generator of intense relativistic electrons feeding into a short electrically conductive drift tube including a cavity containing a working gas at a low enough pressure to prevent the input beam from significantly ionizing the working gas. Ionizing means such as a laser simultaneously ionize the entire volume of working gas in the cavity to generate an output beam having a rise time less than one nanosecond.

Olson, Craig L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Rain initiation time in turbulent warm clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a mean-field model that describes droplet growth due to condensation and collisions and droplet loss due to fallout. The model allows for an effective numerical simulation. We study how the rain initiation time depends on different parameters. We also present a simple model that allows one to estimate the rain initiation time for turbulent clouds with an inhomogeneous concentration of cloud condensation nuclei. In particular, we show that over-seeding even a part of a cloud by small hygroscopic nuclei one can substantially delay the onset of precipitation.

Falkovich, G; Vucelja, M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Rain initiation time in turbulent warm clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a mean-field model that describes droplet growth due to condensation and collisions and droplet loss due to fallout. The model allows for an effective numerical simulation. We study how the rain initiation time depends on different parameters. We also present a simple model that allows one to estimate the rain initiation time for turbulent clouds with an inhomogeneous concentration of cloud condensation nuclei. In particular, we show that over-seeding even a part of a cloud by small hygroscopic nuclei one can substantially delay the onset of precipitation.

G. Falkovich; M. G. Stepanov; M. Vucelja

2004-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

446

Axial Tomography from Digitized Real Time Radiography  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Axial tomography from digitized real time radiographs provides a useful tool for industrial radiography and tomography. The components of this system are: x-ray source, image intensifier, video camera, video line extractor and digitizer, data storage and reconstruction computers. With this system it is possible to view a two dimensional x-ray image in real time at each angle of rotation and select the tomography plane of interest by choosing which video line to digitize. The digitization of a video line requires less than a second making data acquisition relatively short. Further improvements on this system are planned and initial results are reported.

Zolnay, A. S.; McDonald, W. M.; Doupont, P. A.; McKinney, R. L.; Lee, M. M.

1985-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

447

Axial tomography from digitized real time radiography  

SciTech Connect

Axial tomography from digitized real time radiographs provides a useful tool for industrial radiography and tomography. The components of this system are: x-ray source, image intensifier, video camera, video line extractor and digitizer, data storage and reconstruction computers. With this system it is possible to view a two dimensional x-ray image in real time at each angle of rotation and select the tomography plane of interest by choosing which video line to digitize. The digitization of a video line requires less than a second making data acquisition relatively short. Further improvements on this system are planned and initial results are reported.

Zolnay, A.S.; McDonald, W.M.; Doupont, P.A.; McKinney, R.L.; Lee, M.M.

1985-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

448

Test Purpose Generation for Timed Protocol Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Test purposes are requirements, usually constructed by hand, which aim at testing critical properties on implementations. These ones are then used by testing methods to generate test cases. Writing them manually is a heavy task, this is why we propose ... Keywords: Timed protocols, conformance testing, test purpose, testability

Sébastien Salva; Antoine Rollet

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Optimal aggregation of linear time series models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aggregation is a central and mainly unsolved problem in econometrics. When considering linear time series models, a widely used method is to replace the disaggregate model by an aggregative one in which the variables are grouped and replaced by sums ... Keywords: Aggregation, Industrial classification, Threshold accepting

J. Chipman; P. Winker

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Reasoning with Numeric and Symbolic Time Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Representing and reasoning about time is fundamental in many applications of Artificial Intelligence as well as of other disciplines in computer science, such as scheduling, planning, computational linguistics, database design and molecular biology. ... Keywords: approximation algorithms, constraint satisfaction techniques, planning, scheduling, temporal reasoning

Malek Mouhoub

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Real time monitoring in web telerobotics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a growing need for humans to perform complex remote operations and to extend the intelligence and experience of experts to distant applications. A blending of human intelligence, modern information technology, remote control, and intelligent ... Keywords: TCP/IP, UDP, control, internet, monitoring, real-time, telerobotics, web

Ionut Resceanu; Marius Niculescu; Cristina Pana

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Property:EstimatedTime | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EstimatedTime EstimatedTime Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EstimatedTime Property Type Quantity Description An estimate of a particular chronological span, uses the Type:Epoch. Use this type to enumerate a length of time. The default unit is the year. Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: 8766 hours,hour,h,H,Hour,Hours,HOUR,HOURS 365.25 days,day,d,Day,Days,D,DAY,DAYS 52.17857 weeks,week,w,Week,Weeks,W,WEEK,WEEKS 12 months,month,m,Month,Months,M,MONTH,MONTHS 1 years,year,y,Year,Years,Y,YEAR,YEARS Subproperties This property has the following 35 subproperties: G GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.1 - NPDES Permit Application GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.12 - Were all EPA objections resolved GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.13 - NPDES Permit issued GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.3 - Is the application complete for the Regional Water Quality Control Board

453

The UNIX time-sharing system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

UNIX is a general-purpose, multi-user, interactive operating system for the Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-11/40 and 11/45 computers. It offers a number of features seldom found even in a larger operating systems, including: (1) a hierarchical file ... Keywords: PDP-11, command language, file system, operating system, time-sharing

Dennis M. Ritchie; Ken Thompson

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

The UNIX time-sharing system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

UNIX is a general-purpose, multi-user, interactive operating system for the Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-11/40 and 11/45 computers. It offers a number of features seldom found even in larger operating systems, including: (1) a hierarchical file ... Keywords: PDP-11, command language, file system, operating system, time-sharing

Dennis M. Ritchie; Ken Thompson

1974-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Segmenting Time Series for Weather Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbines. In the domain of meteorology, time series data produced by numerical weather prediction (NWP) models is summarised as weather forecast texts. In the domain of gas turbines, sensor data from an operational gas turbine is summarised for the maintenance engineers. More details on SUMTIME have been

Reiter, Ehud

456

Light gas gun with reduced timing jitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas gun having a prepressurized projectile held in place with a glass rod in compression is described. The glass rod is destroyed with an explosive at a precise time which allows a restraining pin to be moved by pneumatic means and free the projectile.

Laabs, Gary W.; Funk, David J.; Asay, Blaine W.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Transit Project Development in Uncertain Times  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transit Project Development in Uncertain Times May 23, 2012 #12;Redlands Corridor, CA #12;Project alternative: ­ Capital and O&M costs ­ Ridership ­ Cost/benefit analysis #12;Updated land use plans to meet stations ­ capital cost - $150 Million #12;#12;SANBAG Redlands Passenger Rail Strategic Plan · Phase II

Minnesota, University of

458

Finite-Time Singularity Signature of Hyperinflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a novel analysis extending the recent work of Mizuno et al. [2002] on the hyperinflations of Germany (1920/1/1-1923/11/1), Hungary (1945/4/30-1946/7/15), Brazil (1969-1994), Israel (1969-1985), Nicaragua (1969-1991), Peru (1969-1990) and Bolivia (1969-1985). On the basis of a generalization of Cagan's model of inflation based on the mechanism of ``inflationary expectation'' or positive feedbacks between realized growth rate and people's expected growth rate, we find that hyperinflations can be characterized by a power law singularity culminating at a critical time $t_c$. Mizuno et al.'s double-exponential function can be seen as a discrete time-step approximation of our more general nonlinear ODE formulation of the price dynamics which exhibits a finite-time singular behavior. This extension of Cagan's model, which makes natural the appearance of a critical time $t_c$, has the advantage of providing a well-defined end of the clearly unsustainable hyperinflation regime. We find an excellent and reliable agreement between theory and data for Germany, Hungary, Peru and Bolivia. For Brazil, Israel and Nicaragua, the super-exponential growth seems to be already contaminated significantly by the existence of a cross-over to a stationary regime.

D. Sornette; H. Takayasu; W. -X. Zhou

2003-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

459

Towards real-time dynamic spectrum auctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a low-complexity auction framework to distribute spectrum in real-time among a large number of wireless users with dynamic traffic. Our design consists of a compact and highly expressive bidding format, two pricing models to ... Keywords: Algorithms, Auctions, Spectrum

Sorabh Gandhi; Chiranjeeb Buragohain; Lili Cao; Haitao Zheng; Subhash Suri

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Temporality in Medical Work: Time also Matters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CSCW has long been concerned with the distribution of activities in time and in space, but the problems of distributed work have often taken analytic and technical precedence. In this paper, we are interested in the issue of temporality in collaborative ... Keywords: collaborative work, information seeking, medical work, temporality

Madhu C. Reddy; Paul Dourish; Wanda Pratt

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Mesoscale Time and Space Wind Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of a program to study the time and space variability of the wind field below 5 km are presented. Wind data were collected using pilot balloons tracked with the METRAC positioning system. Balloons were launched at 10-30 min intervals ...

W. H. Jasperson

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

PNA Predictability at Various Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the predictability of the Pacific North American (PNA) pattern is evaluated on time scales from days to months using state-of-the-art dynamical multiple model ensembles including the Canadian HFP2 ensemble, the DEMETER ensemble, and ...

Waqar Younas; Youmin Tang

463

A New Method for Transforming Timed Automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Discrete events systems (DES) are defined by the sequences of events they can execute. For example, communication protocols and computer networks can be seen as DES. Finite state automata (FSA) are convenient for studying (i.e., analyzing, designing) ... Keywords: Set-Exp-Automata, Timed Automata, Transformation

Ahmed Khoumsi; Lucien Ouedraogo

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Data challenges of time domain astronomy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Astronomy has been at the forefront of the development of the techniques and methodologies of data intensive science for over a decade with large sky surveys and distributed efforts such as the Virtual Observatory. However, it faces a new data deluge ... Keywords: Astronomy, Classification, Time domain, Virtual observatory

Matthew J. Graham; S. G. Djorgovski; Ashish Mahabal; Ciro Donalek; Andrew Drake; Giuseppe Longo

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Real time video streaming over heterogeneous networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technological advances allow handheld devices to be equipped with faster processors and wireless interfaces, making the performance comparable to laptop Computers. In this paper, we describe real-time video streaming over heterogeneous networks namely ... Keywords: GPRS-EDGE, IEEE802.11, IETF, MPEG-4, PSS, RTCP, RTP, RTSP, bluetooth, performance, piconet, quality of service, video streaming, wireless LANs

Mohammed A. Qadeer; Rehan Ahmad; Mohd Siddique Khan; Tauseef Ahmad

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

User customizable real-time fur  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advances in real-time fur rendering have enabled the development of more realistic furry characters. In this sketch, we outline a number of advances to the shell and fin based fur rendering technique by Lengyel et al [2001] using the pixel and ...

John Isidoro; Jason L. Mitchell

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Efficient real-time divisible load scheduling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Providing QoS and performance guarantees to arbitrarily divisible loads has become a significant problem for many cluster-based research computing facilities. While progress is being made in scheduling arbitrarily divisible loads, current approaches ... Keywords: Arbitrarily divisible loads, Cluster computing, Real-time computing, Scheduling efficiency

Anwar Mamat; Ying Lu; Jitender Deogun; Steve Goddard

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Real-time signal processing IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following topics were dealt with: parallel computation algorithms and architectures; very high-speed integrated circuit processing; multiple processor systems; real-time signal processing technologies and applications. 48 papers were presented, 40 of which are published in full in the present proceedings. Abstracts of individual papers can be found under the relevant classification codes in this or other issues.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Prepaid Services Full-time students receive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a medical provider · Unlimited nutritional consultations with RD #12;Prepaid Services · Health education for student only #12;PUSH Services Allergy and Immunizations Laboratory Radiology Physical Therapy Sports#12;Prepaid Services Full-time students receive: · Unlimited visits to medical clinic to consult

Holland, Jeffrey

470

Branching vs. Linear Time: Final Showdown  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The discussion of the relative merits of linear- versus branching-time frameworks goes back to early 1980s. One of the beliefs dominating this discussion has been that "while specifying is easier in LTL (linear-temporal logic), verification is easier ...

Moshe Y. Vardi

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Real-time individualized virtual humans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This tutorial will present the latest techniques to model fast individualized animatable virtual humans for Real-Time applications. As a human is composed of a head and a body, we will analyze how these two parts can be modeled and globally animated ...

Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann; Daniel Thalmann

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Forecasting Electricity Demand by Time Series Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity demand is one of the most important variables required for estimating the amount of additional capacity required to ensure a sufficient supply of energy. Demand and technological losses forecasts can be used to control the generation and distribution of electricity more efficiently. The aim of this paper is to utilize time series model

E. Stoimenova; K. Prodanova; R. Prodanova

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Space, time and nesting Integrated Assessment Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrated Assessment Modelling in the field of air pollution has advanced greatly since the 1985 Helsinki Protocol on the reduction of Sulphur emissions and their transboundary fluxes. With subsequent protocols and increased understanding of the inter-relationships ... Keywords: CLRTAP, Integrated Assessment Modelling, Scale, Science-policy interaction, Space, Time

T. Oxley; H. M. ApSimon

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Quantum one-time programs (extended abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum one-time programs (extended abstract) Anne Broadbent1 , Gus Gutoski2 , and Douglas Stebila3 1 Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Combinatorics and Optimization University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada albroadb@iqc.ca 2 Institute for Quantum Computing and School

International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

475

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.

Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

476

A Stochastic Raindrop Time Distribution Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A disdrometer simultaneously measuring time of arrival and size of raindrops was set up in the Paris, France, area. Data collected over a period of 25 months (May 1992 to May 1994) are presented and analyzed to derive a long-term temporal model ...

J. Lavergnat; P. Golé

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Time reversal invariance in polarized neutron decay  

SciTech Connect

An experiment to measure the time reversal invariance violating (T-violating) triple correlation (D) in the decay of free polarized neutrons has been developed. The detector design incorporates a detector geometry that provides a significant improvement in the sensitivity over that used in the most sensitive of previous experiments. A prototype detector was tested in measurements with a cold neutron beam. Data resulting from the tests are presented. A detailed calculation of systematic effects has been performed and new diagnostic techniques that allow these effects to be measured have been developed. As the result of this work, a new experiment is under way that will improve the sensitivity to D to 3 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} or better. With higher neutron flux a statistical sensitivity of the order 3 {times} 10{sup {minus}5} is ultimately expected. The decay of free polarized neutrons (n {yields} p + e + {bar v}{sub e}) is used to search for T-violation by measuring the triple correlation of the neutron spin polarization, and the electron and proton momenta ({sigma}{sub n} {center_dot} p{sub p} {times} p{sub e}). This correlation changes sign under reversal of the motion. Since final state effects in neutron decay are small, a nonzero coefficient, D, of this correlation indicates the violation of time reversal invariance. D is measured by comparing the numbers of coincidences in electron and proton detectors arranged symmetrically about a longitudinally polarized neutron beam. Particular care must be taken to eliminate residual asymmetries in the detectors or beam as these can lead to significant false effects. The Standard Model predicts negligible T-violating effects in neutron decay. Extensions to the Standard Model include new interactions some of which include CP-violating components. Some of these make first order contributions to D.

Wasserman, E.G.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Thermal time and the Tolman-Ehrenfest effect: temperature as the "speed of time"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermal time hypothesis has been introduced as a possible basis for a fully general-relativistic thermodynamics. Here we use the notion of thermal time to study thermal equilibrium on stationary spacetimes. Notably, we show that the Tolman-Ehrenfest effect (the variation of temperature in space so that T\\sqrt{g_{00}} remains constant) can be reappraised as a manifestation of this fact: at thermal equilibrium, temperature is locally the rate of flow of thermal time with respect to proper time - pictorially, "the speed of (thermal) time". Our derivation of the Tolman-Ehrenfest effect makes no reference to the physical mechanisms underlying thermalization, thus illustrating the import of the notion of thermal time.

Rovelli, Carlo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Real Time Pricing Xcel Energy (Public Service Companywith Real Time Pricing Xcel Energy, MDC (MinnesotaUtilities Division). 2001. “Xcel Energy’s Real-Time Pricing

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Comparing Computer Run Time of Building Simulation Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an approach to comparing computer run time of buildingthe purpose of comparing computer run time. Modelers shouldATIONAL L ABORATORY Comparing Computer Run Time of Building

Hong, Tianzhen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "time clocks vending" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Time and Frequency from A to Z: Ti  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Instruments such as oscilloscopes and time interval counters are ... An instrument used to measure the time interval ... The main gate controls the time at ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

482

Time Is Money: SIM Time Network Has Far-Reaching Benefits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the efficient operation of telecommunications, computer networks, electric power distribution, and many ... for the first time in the generation of official ...

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

483

Going with the wind: The time for time-of-use tariffs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work project consists on the proposal of a product/service – Variable Time of Use Tariff – to enhance the innovativeness of the portfolio of… (more)

Soares, Henrique de Brito Aranha Machado

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

LLNL engineer spends time building affordable homes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

atl_0103_williams atl_0103_williams 01/03/2014 LLNL engineer Alicia Williams, who volunteers for Habitat for Humanity, installs wood framing. LLNL engineer spends time building affordable homes Kenneth K Ma, LLNL, (925) 423-7602, ma28@llnl.gov Alicia Williams inspects roofing trusses at a construction site. Alicia Williams is developing technology to strengthen America's security and building homes to provide low-income families with affordable housing. The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory mechanical engineer in the Defense Technologies Engineering Division (DTED) is working on a weapons certification plan to support stockpile stewardship. But what she does on her free time is equally impressive. Williams is a Habitat for Humanity volunteer who spends her Saturdays laboring on rooftops, where she installs siding, nails in frames and puts

485

Method and apparatus for measuring response time  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measuring the response time of an electrical instrument which generates an output signal in response to the application of a specified input, wherein the output signal varies as a function of time and when subjected to a step input approaches a steady-state value, comprises the steps of: (a) applying a step input of predetermined value to the electrical instrument to generate an output signal; (b) simultaneously starting a timer; (c) comparing the output signal to a reference signal to generate a stop signal when the output signal is substantially equal to the reference signal, the reference signal being a specified percentage of the steady-state value of the output signal corresponding to the predetermined value of the step input; and (d) applying the stop signal when generated to stop the timer.

Johanson, E.W.; August, C.

1983-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

486

Daylighting The New York Times Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team NEW: Post-occupancy Evaluation Publications Daylighting The New York Times Headquarters Building This website provides information on a collaboration between The New York Times Company, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, industry, and three major public funding agencies designed to transform the market for emerging automated window shade systems and daylighting controls so that these types of energy-efficient products become the norm. Project activities included documenting and demonstrating that the technology works and generates energy savings in real world applications, creating a market response so that these systems are available at commodity prices and are cost-effective, making third party performance data available to the public, and providing guidance to support widespread deployment.

487

Timing discriminator using leading-edge extrapolation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A discriminator circuit to recover timing information from slow-rising pulses by means of an output trailing edge, a fixed time after the starting corner of the input pulse, which is nearly independent of risetime and threshold setting. This apparatus comprises means for comparing pulses with a threshold voltage; a capacitor to be charged at a certain rate when the input signal is one-third threshold voltage, and at a lower rate when the input signal is two-thirds threshold voltage; current-generating means for charging the capacitor; means for comparing voltage capacitor with a bias voltage; a flip-flop to be set when the input pulse reaches threshold voltage and reset when capacitor voltage reaches the bias voltage; and a clamping means for discharging the capacitor when the input signal returns below one-third threshold voltage.

Gottschalk, Bernard (Palo Alto, CA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Real-time scheduling with regenerative energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates real-time scheduling in a system whose energy reservoir is replenished by an environmental power source. The execution of tasks is deemed primarily energy-driven, i.e., a task may only respect its deadline if its energy demand can be satisfied early enough. Hence, a useful scheduling policy should account for properties of the energy source, capacity of the energy storage as well as power dissipation of the single tasks. We show that conventional scheduling algorithms (like e.g. EDF) are not suitable for this scenario. Based on this motivation, we state and prove optimal scheduling algorithms that jointly handle constraints from both energy and time domain. Furthermore, an offline schedulability test for a set of periodic or even bursty tasks is presented. Finally, we validate the proposed theory by means of simulation and compare our algorithms with the classical Earliest Deadline First Algorithm. 1.

C. Moser; D. Brunelli; L. Thiele; L. Benini

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

October 2009Rethinking Real Time Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most US consumers are charged a near-constant retail price for electricity, despite substantial hourly variation in the wholesale market price. This paper evaluates the …rst program to expose residential consumers to hourly real time pricing (RTP). I …nd that enrolled households are statistically signi…cantly price elastic and that consumers responded by conserving energy during peak hours, but remarkably did not increase average consumption during o¤-peak times. Welfare analysis suggests that program households were not su ˘ ciently price elastic to generate e ˘ ciency gains that substantially outweigh the estimated costs of the advanced electricity meters required to observe hourly consumption. Although in electricity pricing, congestion pricing, and many other settings, economists’intuition is that prices should be aligned with marginal costs, residential RTP may provide an important real-world example of a situation where this is not currently welfare-enhancing given contracting or information costs.

Hunt Allcott; Hunt Allcott; Bill Hogan; Erich Muehlegger; Larry Katz; Erin Mansur; Sendhil Mullainathan; Paul Niehaus; Chris Nosko; Ariel Pakes; Dave Rapson; Rob Stavins; Frank Wolak

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Rethinking Real-Time Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most US consumers are charged a near-constant retail price for electricity, despite substantial hourly variation in the wholesale market price. This paper evaluates the …rst program to expose residential consumers to hourly real-time pricing (RTP). I …nd that enrolled households are statistically signi…cantly price elastic and that consumers responded by conserving energy during peak hours, but remarkably did not increase average consumption during o¤-peak times. The program increased consumer surplus by $10 per household per year. While this is only one to two percent of electricity costs, it illustrates a potential additional bene…t from investment in retail Smart Grid applications, including the advanced electricity meters required to observe a household’s hourly consumption.

Hunt Allcott; Bill Hogan; Erich Muehlegger; Larry Katz; Erin Mansur; Sendhil Mullainathan; Paul Niehaus; Chris Nosko; Ariel Pakes; Dave Rapson; Rob Stavins; Frank Wolak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

From Gas to Stars Over Cosmic Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the time the first stars formed over 13 billion years ago to the present, star formation has had an unexpectedly dynamic history. At first, the star formation rate density increased dramatically, reaching a peak 10 billion years ago more than ten times the present day value. Observations of the initial rise in star formation remain difficult, poorly constraining it. Theoretical modeling has trouble predicting this history because of the difficulty in following the feedback of energy from stellar radiation and supernova explosions into the gas from which further stars form. Observations from the ground and space with the next generation of instruments should reveal the full history of star formation in the universe, while simulations appear poised to accurately predict the observed history.

Mac Low, Mordecai-Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Timing discriminator using leading-edge extrapolation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A discriminator circuit to recover timing information from slow-rising pulses by means of an output trailing edge, a fixed time after the starting corner of the input pulse, which is nearly independent of risetime and threshold setting is described. This apparatus comprises means for comparing pulses with a threshold voltage; a capacitor to be charged at a certain rate when the input signal is one-third threshold voltage, and at a lower rate when the input signal is two-thirds threshold voltage; current-generating means for charging the capacitor; means for comparing voltage capacitor with a bias voltage; a flip-flop to be set when the input pulse reaches threshold voltage and reset when capacitor voltage reaches the bias voltage; and a clamping means for discharging the capacitor when the input signal returns below one-third threshold voltage.

Gottschalk, B.

1981-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

493

Shock Timing Technique for the NIF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among the final shots at the Nova laser was a series testing the VISAR technique that will be the primary diagnostic for timing the shocks in a NIF ignition capsule. At Nova, the VISAR technique worked over the range of shock strengths and with the precision required for the NIF shock timing job--shock velocities in liquid D{sub 2} from 12 {micro}m/ns to 65 {micro}m/ns with better than 2% accuracy. VISAR images showed stronger shocks overtaking weaker ones, which is the basis of the plan for setting the pulse shape for the NIF ignition campaign. The technique is so precise that VISAR measurements may also play a role in certifying beam-to-beam and shot-to-shot repeatability of NIF laser pulses.

Munro, D.H.; Celliers, P.M.; Collins, G.W.; Gold, D.M.; DaSilva, L.B.; Haan, S.W.; Cauble, R.C.; Hammel, B.A.; Hsing, W.W.

2000-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

494

Acoustic Timing Simulation of Active Beacons for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simulation of freely-deployed active underwater beacons to estimate the tow path of a Synthetic Aperture Sonar (SAS) towfish is presented. Knowledge of the tow path allows the removal of motion induced blurring in the SAS images. The beacons sit on the seabed listening for acoustic chirps from the sonar and retransmit back in a different frequency band after a fixed time delay. After reconstruction the beacons appear in the SAS image as point-source targets, blurred by towfish motion, from which the tow-path can be determined by triangulation. The effect of reconstructing the continuous towfish motion as discrete along-track `hops' is also investigated. Simulations of a towfish path with 20 cm sway amplitude and typical measurement timing errors show a significant improvement in image quality using two active beacons.

Measuring The Tow-Path; Edward N. Pilbrow; Michael P. Hayes

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Direct observation of time reversal violation  

SciTech Connect

A direct evidence for Time Reversal Violation (TRV) means an experiment that, considered by itself, clearly shows TRV independent of, and unconnected to, the results for CP Violation. No existing result before the recent BABAR experiment with entangled neutral B mesons had demonstrated TRV in this sense. There is a unique opportunity for a search of TRV with unstable particles thanks to the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) Entanglement between the two neutral mesons in B, and PHI, Factories. The two quantum effects of the first decay as a filtering measurement and the transfer of information to the still living partner allow performing a genuine TRV asymmetry with the exchange of 'in' and 'out' states. With four independent TRV asymmetries, BABAR observes a large deviation of T-invariance with a statistical significance of 14 standard deviations, far more than needed to declare the result as a discovery. This is the first direct observation of TRV in the time evolution of any system.

Bernabeu, J. [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Valencia, and IFIC, Joint Centre Univ. Valencia-CSIC (Spain)

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

496

The mixing time for simple exclusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain a tight bound of $O(L^2\\log k)$ for the mixing time of the exclusion process in $\\mathbf{Z}^d/L\\mathbf{Z}^d$ with $k\\leq{1/2}L^d$ particles. Previously the best bound, based on the log Sobolev constant determined by Yau, was not tight for small $k$. When dependence on the dimension $d$ is considered, our bounds are an improvement for all $k$. We also get bounds for the relaxation time that are lower order in $d$ than previous estimates: our bound of $O(L^2\\log d)$ improves on the earlier bound $O(L^2d)$ obtained by Quastel. Our proof is based on an auxiliary Markov chain we call the chameleon process, which may be of independent interest.

Ben Morris

2004-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

497

Compact time-of-flight mass spectrometer  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a time-of-flight mass spectrometer developed for measuring the parameters of a pulsed hydrogen beam. The duration of an electron-beam current pulse in the ionizer of the mass spectrometer can be varied within 2-20 usec, the pulse electron current is 0.6 mA, and the electron energy is 250 eV. The time resolution of the mass spectrometer is determined by the repetition period of the electron-beam current pulses and is 40 usec. The mass spectrometer has 100% transmission in the direction of motion of molecular-beam particles. The dimension of the mass spectrometer is 7 cm in this direction. The mass resolution is sufficient for determination of the composition of the hydrogen beam.

Belov, A.S.; Kubalov, S.A.; Kuzik, V.F.; Yakushev, V.P.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Method and apparatus for measuring response time  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measuring the response time of an electrical instrument which generates an output signal in response to the application of a specified input, wherein the output signal varies as a function of time and when subjected to a step input approaches a steady-state value, comprises the steps of: (a) applying a step input of predetermined value to the electrical instrument to generate an output signal; (b) simultaneously starting a timer; (c) comparing the output signal to a reference signal to generate a stop signal when the output signal is substantially equal to the reference signal, the reference signal being a specified percentage of the steady-state value of the output signal corresponding to the predetermined value of the step input; and (d) applying the stop signal when generated to stop the timer.

Johanson, Edward W. (New Lenox, IL); August, Charles (Darien, IL)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

The maximum time interval of time-lapse photography for monitoring construction operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many construction companies today utilize webcams on their jobsites to monitor and record construction operations. Jobsite monitoring is often limited to outdoor construction operations due to lack of mobility of wired webcams. A wireless webcam may help monitor indoor construction operations with enhanced mobility. The transfer time of sending a photograph from the wireless webcam, however, is slower than that of a wired webcam. It is expected that professionals may have to analyze indoor construction operations with longer interval time-lapse photographs if they want to use a wireless webcam. This research aimed to determine the maximum time interval for time-lapse photos that enables professionals to interpret construction operations and productivity. In order to accomplish the research goal, brickwork of five different construction sites was videotaped. Various interval time-lapse photographs were generated from each video. Worker?s activity in these photographs was examined and graded. The grades in one-second interval photographs were compared with the grades of the same in longer time interval photographs. Error rates in observing longer time-lapse photographs were then obtained and analyzed to find the maximum time interval of time-lapse photography for monitoring construction operations. Research has discovered that the observation error rate increased rapidly until the 60-second interval and its increasing ratio remained constant. This finding can be used to predict a reasonable amount of error rate when observing time-lapse photographs less than 60-second interval. The observation error rate with longer than 60-second interval did not show a constant trend. Thus, the 60-second interval could be considered as the maximum time interval for professionals to interpret construction operations and productivity.

Choi, Ji Won

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Multiplexer and time duration measuring circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiplexer device is provided for multiplexing data in the form of randomly developed, variable width pulses from a plurality of pulse sources to a master storage. The device includes a first multiplexer unit which includes a plurality of input circuits each coupled to one of the pulse sources, with all input circuits being disabled when one input circuit receives an input pulse so that only one input pulse is multiplexed by the multiplexer unit at any one time.

Gray, Jr., James (Downers Grove, IL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z