Sample records for tibetan tigre tigrinya

  1. Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 1 Grtice J. Vincent Le logiciel Tigre en formation PLC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    "Tigre" en formation PLC 1 Grétice J. Vincent Le logiciel « Tigre » en formation PLC J. Vincent Le;______________________________________________________________________________________ Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 2 Grétice J. Vincent 1.1. La lecture Voici l'écran d;______________________________________________________________________________________ Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 3 Grétice J. Vincent Figure 3 1.2. La démonstration Voici l

  2. Selected TIGRE Program Listings This appendix contains abbreviated program listings for TIGRE as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    for TIGRE as implemented in C, VAX assembly language, and MIPS R2000 assembly langauge. B.1. REDUCE VAX /* adapt to VAX assembler kernel */ #define VAX_ASM TRUE #else #define VAX_ASM FALSE #endif #ifdef_TOKEN 255 #define PROGSIZE HEAPSIZE/2 /* max size of initial program */ #if VAX_ASM #define HEAP_STRIDE 3

  3. Tibetan singing bowls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terwagne, Denis

    We present the results of an experimental investigation of the acoustics and fluid dynamics of Tibetan singing bowls. Their acoustic behaviour is rationalized in terms of the related dynamics of standing bells and wine ...

  4. The Tambien Group, Northern Ethiopia (Tigre) NATHAN R. MILLER1*, DOV AVIGAD2, ROBERT J. STERN3 & MICHAEL BEYTH4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    Chapter 21 The Tambien Group, Northern Ethiopia (Tigre) NATHAN R. MILLER1*, DOV AVIGAD2, ROBERT J (e-mail: nrmiller@mail.utexas.edu) Abstract: The Tambien Group of northern Ethiopia (Tigre Ethiopia within an intra-oceanic setting that was likely far removed from cratonic hinterlands. More work

  5. Carbon dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems on the Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jingfeng

    RESEARCH PAPER Carbon dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems on the Tibetan Plateau during the 20th tundra to evergreen tropics. Its soils are dominated by permafrost and are rich in organic carbon. Its, the carbon dynamics of the Tibetan Plateau have not been well quantified under changes of climate and per

  6. Holocene-Late Pleistocene Climatic Ice Core Records from Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    for affecting large-scale climate. In 1987, three ice cores were recovered to bedrock from the Dunde ice cap. XIE Three ice cores to bedrock from the Dunde ice cap on the north-central Qinghai- Tibetan Plateau of ago. T HE DUNDE ICE CAP (3806'N, 9624'E) is located in a desert envi- ronment between the highest

  7. Holocene climate variability archived in the Puruogangri ice cap on the central Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    ) climate changes and providing evidence that the high plateau may be quite sensitive to the 20thHolocene climate variability archived in the Puruogangri ice cap on the central Tibetan Plateau, 109017 Moscow, Russia ABSTRACT. Two ice cores (118.4 and 214.7 m in length) were collected in 2000 from

  8. Dissecting the eastern margin of the Tibetan plateau : a study of landslides, erosion and river incision in a transient landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouimet, William Burke

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The eastern margin of the Tibetan plateau is characterized by large rivers dissecting regional topography that has been uplifted in association with the continued convergence of the Indian subcontinent and Eurasia. In this ...

  9. SHXNG, A SINO-TIBETAN LANGUAGE OF SOUTH-WEST CHINA: A GRAMMATICAL SKETCH WITH TWO APPENDED TEXTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    County (WT smi li rang skyong rdzong). This county is part of Liángshn Yí Autonomous Prefecture in Sìchun Township, Mùl Tibetan Autonomous County1 Shuluò Township, where the Shxng language is being spoken the establishment of the PRC in 1949, Mùl was a semi-independent theocratic kingdom, ruled by hereditary lama kings

  10. Timing of granite emplacement and cooling in the SongpanGarze^ Fold Belt (eastern Tibetan Plateau) with tectonic implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timing of granite emplacement and cooling in the Songpan­Garze^ Fold Belt (eastern Tibetan Plateau Abstract New U­Pb and Rb­Sr geochronology on syn- and post-orogenic granites provide constraints on the timing of major tectonic events in the Songpan­Garze^ fold belt, west Sichuan, China. The Ma Nai granite

  11. Tibetan Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winder, Marianne

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , natura lly the human body is, and if all forms are emptiness, naturally the human body is. But in both cases it is the instrument by which the empirical self can reach Enlightengment. through everyday action and through me didation exercises which... on the patient's right and left wrist by the doctor's three finger tips on each hand. The right-hand side of the finger tip and 11 the laft-hand side of the finger tip detect the diseases of different organs in the patierit. This means that the three places...

  12. Impact of land use change on the local climate over the Tibetan Plateau

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, J.; Lu, S.; Li, S.; Miller, N.L.

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observational data show that the remotely sensed leaf area index (LAI) has a significant downward trend over the east Tibetan Plateau (TP), while a warming trend is found in the same area. Further analysis indicates that this warming trend mainly results from the nighttime warming. The Single-Column Atmosphere Model (SCAM) version 3.1 developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research is used to investigate the role of land use change in the TP local climate system and isolate the contribution of land use change to the warming. Two sets of SCAM simulations were performed at the Xinghai station that is located near the center of the TP Sanjiang (three rivers) Nature Reserve where the downward LAI trend is largest. These simulations were forced with the high and low LAIs. The modeling results indicate that, when the LAI changes from high to low, the daytime temperature has a slight decrease, while the nighttime temperature increases significantly, which is consistent with the observations. The modeling results further show that the lower surface roughness length plays a significant role in affecting the nighttime temperature increase.

  13. Development of the TIGRE This describes the TIGRE method for combinator graph reduction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    been previously implemented for the G-Ma- chine graph reduction implementation on a VAX (Peyton Jones 1987). In VAX assembly language, unwinding a node while traversing the stack requires four instructions, on average, processing nodes for stack unwinding costs: (4 * 1.38) + 7 = 12.52 VAX instructions per

  14. Joint inversion of surface waves and teleseismic body waves across the Tibetan collision zone: the fate of subducted Indian lithosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunn, Ceri; Roecker, Steven W.; Priestley, Keith F.; Liang, Xiaofeng; Gilligan, Amy

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for traveltimes at shallow depths. 2 GEOTECTONIC SETT ING At the surface, the Tibetan plateau is a relatively uniform area of ?5 km elevation. Its formation involved numerous collisions, and several major sutures formed during the closure of the Tethys ocean (Fig... . Studies of Sn propagation indicate that Sn energy is more strongly attenuated in the northern plateau in comparison to the south (Ni & Barazangi 1983; McNamara et al. 1995). Barron & Priestley (2009) investigated the propagation of the Sn phase over a...

  15. Climatic variation in the Linxia basin, NE Tibetan Plateau, from 13.1 to 4.3 Ma: The stable isotope record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garzione, Carmala N.

    (Lear et al., 2000; Zachos et al., 2001; Billups and Schrag, 2002). In East Asia, climate change sinceClimatic variation in the Linxia basin, NE Tibetan Plateau, from 13.1 to 4.3 Ma: The stable isotope record Majie Fan a,b,, David L. Dettman a , Chunhui Song b , Xiaomin Fang b,c , Carmala N. Garzione d

  16. UTh dating of zircons from Holocene potassic andesites (Maanshan volcano, Tengchong, SE Tibetan Plateau) by depth profiling: Time scales and nature of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Schmitt c , Jianli Sui b a Department of Geology and Geography, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA b Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100029, China c Department of Earth and Space Uranium series disequilibrium Ion probe Residence time Tibetan Plateau Throughout the Cenozoic, post

  17. Associated Media Holdings Inc formerly EL Tigre Development Corp | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio EnergyInstituteFunding Jump

  18. Sensitivity studies on the impacts of Tibetan Plateau snowpack pollution on the Asian hydrological cycle and monsoon climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qian, Yun; Flanner, M. G.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Wang, Weiguo

    2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tibetan Plateau (TP), the highest and largest plateau in the world, has long been identified to be critical in regulating the Asian monsoon climate and hydrological cycle. The snowpack and glaciers over the TP provide fresh water to billions of people in Asian countries, but the TP glaciers have been retreating extensively at a speed faster than any other part of the world. In this study a series of experiments with a global climate model are designed to simulate black carbon (BC) and dust in snow and their radiative forcing and to assess the relative impacts of anthropogenic CO2 and carbonaceous particles in the atmosphere and snow, respectively, on the snowpack over the TP, as well as their subsequent impacts on the Asian monsoon climate and hydrological cycle. Results show a large BC content in snow over the TP, especially the southern slope, with concentration larger than 100 k/kg. Because of the high aerosol content in snow and large incident solar radiation in the low latitude and high elevation, the TP exhibits the largest surface radiative forcing induced by aerosols (e.g. BC, Dust) in snow compared to other snow-covered regions in the world. The aerosol-induced snow albedo perturbations generate surface radiative forcing of 5-25 W m-2 during spring, with a maximum in April or May. BC-in-snow increases the surface air temperature by around 1.0oC averaged over the TP and reduces snowpack over the TP more than that induced by pre-industrial to present CO2 increase and carbonaceous particles in the atmosphere during spring. As a result, runoff increases during late winter and early spring but decreases during late spring and early summer (i.e. a trend toward earlier melt dates). The snowmelt efficacy, defined as the snowpack reduction per unit degree of warming induced by the forcing agent, is 1-4 times larger for BC-in-snow than CO2 increase during April-July, indicating that BC-in-snow more efficiently accelerates snowmelt because the increased net solar radiation induced by reduced albedo melts the snow more efficiently than snow melt due to warming in the air. The TP also influences the South (SAM) and East (EAM) Asian monsoon through its dynamical and thermal forcing. During boreal spring, aerosols are transported by the southwesterly and reach the higher altitude and/or deposited in the snowpack over the TP. While BC and OM in the atmosphere directly absorb sunlight and warm the air, the darkened snow surface polluted by BC absorbs more solar radiation and increases the skin temperature, which warms the air above by the increased sensible heat flux over the TP. Both effects enhance the upward motion of air and spur deep convection along the TP during pre-monsoon season, resulting in earlier onset of the SAM and increase of moisture, cloudiness and convective precipitation over northern India. BC-in-snow has a more significant impact on the EAM in July than CO2 increase and carbonaceous particles in the atmosphere. Contributed by the significant increase of both sensible heat flux associated with the warm skin temperature and latent heat flux associated with increased soil moisture with long memory, the role of the TP as a heat pump is elevated from spring through summer as the land-sea thermal contrast increases to strengthen the EAM. As a result, both southern China and northern China become wetter, but central China (i.e. Yangtze River Basin) becomes drier - a near zonal anomaly pattern that is consistent with the dominant mode of precipitation variability in East Asia. ?

  19. Tibetan Technology and the West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aris, Michael

    1969-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , the ball-and-chain g(nenor and the hot-air turbine) does seem to make the case for independent Italian invention more improbable. IV THE STEAM-JET FIRE-BLOWER Related to the idea of the use of heat rising is that of using a jet of steam. It has long... rotating on a vertical axle and powered by an anemometer like wind turbine. The earliest appearance of this in Tibet is unlikely to have preceded the introduction of the mani formula itself as a formal 'support' for religious devotion and meditation...

  20. Compton Recoil Electron Tracking With the TIGRE Gamma-Ray Balloon Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamiya, Kaoru

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AGNs), pulsars, gamma-ray bursts, cosmic ray interactionssensitive to cosmic gamma-ray bursts in the energy range ofGalactic center, a single gamma-ray burst which occurred 10

  1. The Old Tibetan Chronicle - Chapter I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Nathan W

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    vdir ri sked la go dgos pa 'dra[meaning 'throat,' it must here refer to a mountain cavern] (1995: 20 n. 21 on p.23 where it is given as n. 22).41 The phrase sku mtshal gnyer, Haarh translates as took care of the fathers skul-mtshal (1969: 405...

  2. UN REGALO PARA HISTORIA. A CMERA DE UM "TIGRE DO SAARA" RETRATA TEMPOS DE ESCURIDO NA REPBLICA ORIENTAL DEL URUGUAY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIENTAL DEL URUGUAY. Marco Antônio VARGAS VILLALOBOS Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul González. El fotógrafo nacido en Marruecos en la época del protectorado español, llegó a Uruguay como

  3. Ye-Shes-sDe; Tibetan Scholar and Saint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhaldi, Sherab

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    23 Jinamitra and Surendrabodhi Jinamitra and Danasila 47 Arya-lalrtavlstara-nama-mahayana-slItra Jinanutra, Danasilaand Munivarman 48 Arya.,manjllsri-viknqita-nan1a-mahayana-sutra Surendrabodhi 49 Alya... -sutra -Surendrabodhi and Prajnavarman 67 Arya-dharl11atasvabhava-sunyatacala-prati- -Danasila Sarvaloka-sutra 68 Arya-prasanta-vinisayapratihmya-sal11adhi- -Jinamitra and DanasiIa Nama-mahayana-sutra 69 Arya-mayopama-samadhi-nama-l11ahayana-suitra -Surendrabodhi...

  4. Programmed emptiness : research infrastructure on the Tibetan plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunbar, Sarah (Sarah Ford)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent completion of a rail line running from central China to Lhasa in the Tibet Autonomous Region has brought attention not only to China's Architecture and Urbanism questionable occupation of Tibet, but also to the ...

  5. Tibetan Medicine Compared with Ancient and Mediaeval Western Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winder, Marianne

    . : 'An these people of Libya from Egypt to Lake Tritonis are nomads who live on meat and milk. Cow's flesh they will not tast~, for the same reason as the Egyptians, nor will they keep pigs. Even the women of Cyrene think it wrong to eat cows, because... to the prevalence of tbe qualities 'bot' and 'cold', the power in it (in a subs tance) is taught to be twofold, namely, 'heating or cooling' Wbile there is an occasional mention of tbis kind in Sanskrit medical works, tbe division of diseases and remedies...

  6. Liu Manqing: A Sino-Tibetan Adventurer and the Origin of a New Sino-Tibetan dialogue in the 1930s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagou, Fabienne

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the conditions for success. Its title was original but misleading since she actually traveled by foot.8 Indeed, she had to find a way to show that her journey was overland through Khams and not through India.9 This travel account is divided into two parts...

  7. Control of Temperature on Microbial Community Structure in Hot Springs of the Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Foundation grants of China (41030211, 41002123 and 40972211), the Key Project of International Cooperation (C.Z.), and National Science Foundation grants (OISE-0968421, DBI REU 1005223, and ETBC-1024614

  8. Last Glacial Maximum over China: Sensitivities of climate to paleovegetation and Tibetan ice sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , China Helge Drange Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norway Xianmei Lang State Key to results from other AGCMs, and/but generally shows a weak terrestrial cooling when compared soil characteristics over China. The additional cooling due to these two changes reduces, to a certain

  9. Warming Your Hands with Moonlight: Lavrung Tibetan Oral Traditions and Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G.yu lha

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Such narratives may be 7 August day and the monk suggested we go to the third floor of his house. The interview lasted three hours. Since the third floor lacked an electrical outlet, I extended a power cord from the second floor to my recorder. We... dangerous. A vehicle from Siyuewu Village drove off the road in 2007, killing one villager and seriously injuring three. Siyuewu Village has its own monastery, Siyuewu Monastery, near which there is a prayer wheel hall ('khor khang) where villagers...

  10. Socioeconomic Status and Maternal and Child Health in Rural Tibetan Villages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyaltsen, Kunchok; Gewa, Constance; Greenlee, Heather; Ravetz, Jessica; Aikman, Meredith; Pebley, Anne R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    methods included plastic containers and metal pails/buckets.storage: a Wooden barrel Plastic container Metal pail % Who

  11. AHP15: Rgyal rong Tibetan Life, Language, and Folklore in Rgyas bzang Village

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G.yu 'brug; Stuart, C K

    about three to four kilometers away from the village from April to October. They live in a tsha gdan38 tent near big caves. They milk cows and make butter, cheese, and yogurt. They make a small pool by some trees, creating a cool, humid environment... to pigs. Photograph Thirty. The bang ma is a room where such items as meat, butter, and lard are stored. Photograph Thirty-one. An 'o zom 'milk bucket'. Photograph Thirty-Two. Village women carry firewood home. Photograph Thirty-three. A spal par...

  12. Preliminary notes on Gyalsumdo, an undocumented Tibetan variety in Manang District, Nepal.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hildebrandt, Kristine Ann; Perry, J. Joseph

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in selected languages of Nepal, Part IV: Word Lists. Norman,Tibeto-Burman languages of Nepal: Manange and Sherpa, 2241.and Gurung shamans in Nepal. Madison, Wisconsin: University

  13. Hydrological and solute budgets of Lake Qinghai, the largest lake on the Tibetan Plateau

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Zhangdong; You, Chen-Feng; Wang, Yi; Shi, Yuewei

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water level and chemistry of Lake Qinghai are sensitive to climate changes and are important for paleoclimatic implications. An accurate understanding of hydrological and chemical budgets is crucial for quantifying geochemical proxies and carbon cycle. Published results of water budget are firstly reviewed in this paper. Chemical budget and residence time of major dissolved constituents in the lake are estimated using reliable water budget and newly obtained data for seasonal water chemistry. The results indicate that carbonate weathering is the most important riverine process, resulting in dominance of Ca2+ and DIC for river waters and groundwater. Groundwater contribution to major dissolved constituents is relatively small (4.2 0.5%). Wet atmospheric deposition contributes annually 7.444.0% soluble flux to the lake, resulting from eolian dust throughout the seasons. Estimates of chemical budget further suggest that (1) the Buha-type water dominates the chemical components of the lake water, (2) Na+, Cl?, Mg2+, and K+ in lake water are enriched owing to their conservative behaviors, and (3) precipitation of authigenic carbonates (low-Mg calcite, aragonite, and dolomite) transits quickly dissolved Ca2+ into the bottom sediments of the lake, resulting in very low Ca2+ in the lake water. Therefore, authigenic carbonates in the sediments hold potential information on the relative contribution of different solute inputs to the lake and the lake chemistry in the past.

  14. Socioeconomic Status and Maternal and Child Health in Rural Tibetan Villages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyaltsen, Kunchok; Gewa, Constance; Greenlee, Heather; Ravetz, Jessica; Aikman, Meredith; Pebley, Anne R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    diarrhea, respiratory/ chest, cough, skin, abdomen, back,As shown in Table 9, cough, respiratory/chest, diarrhea andDiarrhea Respiratory/ Chest Cough Skin Abdomen Back Feet

  15. Nommer les aNimaux exotiques de BayBars, d'orieNt eN occideNt 1 thierry Buquet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    mongol, bars en russe. En arabe et en persan, le tigre est désigné par babr (pl. Bubr), mais de nos jours

  16. Formation of the State of Bhutan (Brug gzhung) in the 17th Century and its Tibetan Antecedents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardussi, John A

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -tshogs rNam-rgyal, denouncing his enemies and their claim to the sacred image.xii In what must be one of the most openly aired cases of monastic infighting over a contested rebirth, he laid out a detailed account of his opponents alleged forgery... command as its chief of state, Loke?vara (Jig-rten mgon-po), in a world polluted by the five defilements (snyigs-ma lnga). Scriptural authority was cited 18 from texts in the Kanjur which interpreted the mission of Ngag-dbang r...

  17. Role of the Tibetan Plateau on the Annual Variation of Mean Atmospheric Circulation and Storm-Track Activity*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Bin

    @ Meteorological Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan & Advanced Institute for Computational Science, RIKEN, Kobe an asymmetric dipole structure of wind with an anticyclone to the north and a cyclone to the south of the TP (Wu * School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology Publica- tion Number 8824 and International Pacific

  18. La mnagerie du nom. Figures animales de Baybars 2 fvrier 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    également nommé bar en mongol, bars en russe. En arabe et en persan, le tigre est désigné par babr (pl. bub

  19. The Power of the Voice: Listening to Mexican and Central American Immigrant Experiences (1997-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Megan L.

    2010-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    variety of artists, including the Mexican norteo ensemble Los Tigres del Norte, the Salvadoran group Tex Bronco, and the Nicaraguan singer-songwriter Flor Urbina. Finally, my conclusion sets the stage for future work on representations of immigrant...

  20. Structural Geology of a Central Segment of the Qilian Shan-Nan Shan Thrust Belt: Implications for the Magnitude of Cenozoic Shortening in the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reith, Robin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    continental deformation: Geology, Burchfiel, B.C. , Zhang,by lower crustal flow: Geology, 28: 703-706. Cowgill, E. ,in north Qilian: Gansu Geology, 20: 40-44 (in Chinese with

  1. The Myths of Maternity: A Comparative Study of the Medical and Mythological Practices of Highland Tibetan Populations to Prove Cultural Adaptations to High-Altitude Hypoxia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shively, Stephanie Lynne

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    that their function as societal adaptations to environmental stresses and a heightened mortality rate do not either. Soon after a mother delivers her child, she is given a thick butter concoction in order to combat ?wind? while the baby undergoes its ritual welcome... hypoxia to correlate with low birth weights and subsequently increased infant mortality rates (Wiley 2002), as well as ?chronic and progressive? IUGR (Zamudio 2000). Researchers have discovered the effects of lowered barometric pressure and decreased...

  2. The ma Ni Song 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo... nyed. Female. Born 1954. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first / native language Khams Tibetan Performer...

  3. BioMed Central Page 1 of 13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majoros, Bill

    @tigr.org * Corresponding author Abstract Background: The Generalized Hidden Markov Model (GHMM) has proven a useful be accelerated by a factor of two by optimizing their content sensors. We finish with a brief illustration-of-the-art in gene prediction techniques. Background Generalized Hidden Markov Models have seen wide use in recent

  4. www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/1138878/DC1 Supporting Online Material for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severson, David

    , Evgeny M. Zdobnov, Neil F. Lobo, Kathryn S. Campbell, Susan E. Brown, Maria F. Bonaldo, Jingsong Zhu, Kurt LaButti, Eduardo Lee, Song Li, Diane D. Lovin, Chunhong Mao, Evan Mauceli, Carlos F. M. Menck be addressed. E-mail: nene@tigr.org (V.N.); severson.1@nd.edu (D.W.S.) Published 17 May 2007 on Science Express

  5. The ma Ni Song 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo... nyed. Female. Born 1954. and Song rgyas dbar sgron. Female. Born 1992 Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first...

  6. A Threshing Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    , ritual) Threshing song Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan... Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo nyed. Female. Born 1954. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan...

  7. The ma Ni Song 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Chos... tdog. Female. Born 1984. Song rgyas dpar sgron. Female. Born 1992. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first...

  8. A Love Song 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name... (s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo nyed. Female. Born 1954. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first...

  9. The ma Ni Song 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo... nyed. Female. Born 1954 and Song rgyas dbar sgron. Female. Born 1992. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first...

  10. A Love Song 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name... (s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo nyed. Female. Born 1954 Ci jo. Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first...

  11. The Impact of the Central Asian Mountains on Downstream Storminess and Monsoon Onset

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Hyo Seok

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the upstream BCC on downstream storminess 2.5. Stationarylevel cyclonic motions downstream of the Tibetan Plateau.Chang, E. K. N. , 1993: Downstream development of baroclinic

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - altitude podophyllum hexandrum Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fritillaria cirrhosa in the Zhongdian Tibetan Autonomous County... analysis of alder coppice production. Alder grows in the high altitudes of the northern temperate belt Source:...

  13. FIELD TEST OF THE WATER-WHEEL IR (WIR) SPECTROMETER ON EVAPORATIVE SALT DEPOSITS AT TIBETAN PLATEAU. P. Sobron, J. J. Freeman, Alian Wang, Dept Earth and Planetary Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "contact survey", i.e., to install a WIR unit inside of a well set into the middle wheel of a pla- netary of WIR has a size of 10x7.5x6.5cm, mass of 450 grams, power consump- tion of 4W, and output data through transformed into a rugged, field portable NIR reflectance spectrometer that is able to operate in tough field

  14. Research on Climate Change National High Magnetic Field Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program Mountain building affects climate because the erosion of silicate rocks decreases the CO2 content of the Tibetan Plateau. A complementary approach to silicate weathering is provided by lithium isotopes

  15. The development of orogenic plateaus : Plateaus: case studies examining relationships between tectonics, crustal strength, surface deformation, and plateau morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Kristen Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis addresses processes associated with the uplift, deformation, and erosion of orogenic plateaus. The timing and mechanisms of uplift of the Tibetan Plateau and the Altiplano are the subject of ongoing debate. ...

  16. Late Cenozoic uplift of southeastern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Marin Kristen, 1973-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent field work and DEM analysis show that remnant, local areas of a low-relief land scape (or "erosion surface") are geographically continuous across the southeastern Tibetan Plateau margin and can be correlated in order ...

  17. Tectonic evolution of the Thakkahola Graben and Dhaulagiri Himalaya, Central Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurtado, Jos Miguel, 1974-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three extensional fault systems intersect in the central Nepal Himalaya: the South Tibetan fault system (STFS); the Thakkhola graben; and structures bounding the Upper Mustang Massif (UMM). Interactions between these systems ...

  18. Thermochronologic constraints on the late Cenozoic exhumation history of the Gurla Mandhata metamorphic core complex, Southwestern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCallister, Andrew T.; Taylor, Michael H.; Murphy, M. A.; Styron, Richard H.; Stockli, Daniel F.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    How the Tibetan plateau is geodynamically linked to the Himalayas is a topic receiving considerable attention. The Karakoram fault plays key roles in describing the structural relationship between southern Tibet and the ...

  19. Folk Song 2, Sun, Moon, and Star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol dkar skyid

    ?????????????????????????????????? ???????????? Tape No. / Track / Item No. Sitaigou Tibetan Folk Song 2.WAV Length of track 00:02:40 Related tracks (include description/relationship if appropriate) Title of track Sun?Moon, and Star ???????? ???????????? Translation of title...

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - age xenocrystic zircons Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SE Tibetan Plateau) by depth profiling: Time scales and nature of Summary: short-lived uranium-thorium (U-Th) isotopes. Here we report U-Th zircon ages from Maanshan volcano...

  1. The Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950: an analysis of the American response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murry, Ellen Theresa

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Republic and allotted seats to Tibet in the National Assembly. He also sent a mili- 33 tery mission into Tibet to restore control, but it was checked by Tibetan forces. The British vigorously pro- tested China's sending of troops to Tibet... recognition of its "de facto" independent status through the United Nations, but her attempts were unsuccessful. In the absence of a United Nations hearing, the Tibetans, defeated militarily and diplomatically, signed a seventeen point agreement...

  2. TIGRFAMS: The TIGRFAMs database of protein families

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    TIGRFAMs are protein families based on Hidden Markov Models or HMMs. Use this page to see the curated seed alignmet for each TIGRFam, the full alignment of all family members and the cutoff scores for inclusion in each of the TIGRFAMs. Also use this page to search through the TIGRFAMs and HMMs for text in the TIGRFAMs Text Search or search for specific sequences in the TIGRFAMs Sequence Search.[Copied from the Overview at http://www.jcvi.org/cms/research/projects/tigrfams/overview/] See also TIGRFAMs ordered by the roles they play at http://cmr.jcvi.org/tigr-scripts/CMR/shared/EvidenceList.cgi?ev_type=TIGRFAM&order_type=role.

  3. Plowing Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    plowing speech and a discussion about the speech. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Plowing speech Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu... ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo nyed. Female. Born 1954. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan...

  4. Lithospheric Electrical Structure across the Eastern Segment of the Altyn Tagh Fault on the Northern Margin of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    -detection of Ministry of Education, Beijing 100083, China 3 State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, Beijing 100083, China 4 Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada 5 geological features, the Tibetan Plateau has become the focus of studies on global change, geodynamics

  5. A 28-ka history of sea surface temperature, primary productivity and planktonic community variability in the western Arabian Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resulted in deep convective mixing, cold SSTs and enhanced primary productivity. In contrast, postdeglacial the northern Indian Ocean and central Asia is a major feature of the Earth's climate. During summer Africa to the Indian subcontinent. As the Tibetan Plateau is heated, a gradient of temperature

  6. CLM prescribes all solar absorption to occur in the top-most snow layer. However, our SNow, ICe, and Aerosol Radiative model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zender, Charles

    CLM prescribes all solar absorption to occur in the top-most snow layer. However, our SNow, ICe. Albedo decrease over the Tibetan Plateau indicates less snow cover, caused by sub-surface melt and ice accurate remotely-sensed surface reflectance over snow- covered regions, and shows that snow parameters may

  7. GEOLOGY, June 2009 515 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinger, Yann

    , at the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. Seismo- logical data indicate that the rupture initiated Tarim Basin INDIA ATF KF XF XJF RRF SagaingF JLF HF HFT Fig.1 I II III NCB SCB LTB CDSN USGS Harvard 08, NCB--North China block, RRF--Red River fault, SCB--South China block, XF--Xianshuihe fault, XJF

  8. Ya ri a bsod Collection 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

    ????????????????????????? Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Persuade Song ??? ??????????????? Name of recorder (if different from collector) Date of recording February 2007 ????? ?????????????????????????? Place of recording A skyid Village, A skyid Township... of performer(s) E kho, 72, female, A skyid Township, Mdzo dge County, Rnga ba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province. ??,?????????????????????????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??????????????????????????????????...

  9. Effects of Black Carbon Aerosols on the Indian Monsoon GERALD A. MEEHL, JULIE M. ARBLASTER,* AND WILLIAM D. COLLINS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meehl, Gerald A.

    of the ABC on longwave radiation are contributed primarily by natural aerosols and are not appreciable combine with naturally occurring dust loading over the Tibetan Plateau to ac- centuate the elevated heat radiation reaching the surface during the dry season, as noted in previous studies. The increased meridional

  10. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. (2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The global climate has become warmer over the last century and is projected to undergo further warming during climate change and its causes in these regions can be helpful for the early detection of global climate warming over the Tibetan Plateau has been primarily caused by increases in anthropogenic greenhouse

  11. Tectonic and climatic controls on long-term silicate weathering in Asia since 5 Ma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clift, Peter

    Tectonic and climatic controls on long-term silicate weathering in Asia since 5 Ma Shiming Wan,1 of paleo-climate and pCO2, the history of long- term silicate weathering in the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau (HTP) during the late Cenozoic remains unclear. We recon- struct 5 m.y. of silicate sedimentary

  12. Elemental compositions and monazite age patterns of core sediments in the Changjiang Delta: Implications for sediment provenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Shouye

    parameters of rare earth elements (cerium and europium anomalies) and elemental ratios Cr/Th, Nb/Co and Th rights reserved. Keywords: Changjiang; geochemistry; monazite; Tibetan Plateau; Quaternary 1 budget of the global ocean [1­8]. Furthermore, the basin mor- phology and regional fluvial patterns

  13. Sikkim and Himalayan Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sen, Jahar

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lama. 6 The merchandise imported from Sikkim to Darjeeling, as the report indicated, consisted of horses, cattle including sheep and goats. blankets. salt. musk. wax, ghee, oranges. millet, rice, lime and 11 copper. The imports in 1863 were nearly... would be exported to Sikkim and Tibet replacing brick tea imported from Lhasa and China. Trade was conducted in four routes in Sikkim : two via Namchee and Chadam to the Great Rangeet and two via Zeeme to Goke and Tramduc to Colbong. The Tibetan...

  14. The Karo-la Decollement, southern Tibet a Himalayan extensional structure domed by emplacement of the Late Miocene Karo-La Granite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    of Geosciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 References Cogan, M.J., K.D. Nelson, W.S.F. Kidd, and C, T.M., P. Copeland, W.S.F. Kidd, and O. Lovera, 1995. Activation of the Nyainqentanghla shear zone: implications for uplift of the southern Tibetan Plateau. Tectonics, 14, 658-676. Kidd, W.S.F., M. Edwards, Y

  15. Thermochronometric analysis of the North Lunggar Rift: Implications for the timing of extension initiation and structural style of deformation in southern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sundell, Kurt E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hager for use of the HeMP software. v TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE TITLE PAGE i ABSTRACT iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS v TABLE OF CONTENTS vi LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES x CHAPTER 1: Introduction 14... for Himalayan-Tibetan deformation 120 FIGURE 4. End member models for the development of the North Lunggar Rift 122 x FIGURE 5. Location and age of samples analyzed from the North Lunggar Rift 124 FIGURE 6. Age-elevation relationship (AER...

  16. Marginalisation of yak herders in Bhutan: can public policy generate new stabilities that can support the transformation of their skills and organisations? (Dervill M., Bonnemaire J.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    plains and the Tibetan plateau. The yak herders (less than 5% of the population) occupy the Northern belt, highland farming system, supply chain, public policy Résumé -- Le Bhoutan s'étend des plaines subtropicales céréales assurent la subsistance des éleveurs. Il y a 50 ans le Bhoutan était encore un état médiéval isolé

  17. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 32 Number 1 Number 1 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1996-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    fathomless compassion and dominant personality, he founded with the help of many Kagyudpa lamas, 240 Dharma Centres in the U.S.A., Canada, Europe, Latin America, India and Southeast Asia. His Guru and prominent avatars (incarnates) gave him special... . The rulers of these princedoms regarded the patronage of Buddhism as a matter of social prestige and means of political rivalry. Thus this period witnessed not only renewal but also renaissance of Tibetan Bud dhism. During this period the four major sects...

  18. Effects of biofilms, sunlight, and salinity on corrosion potential and corrosion initiation of stainless alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dexter, S.C.; Zhang, H.-J. (Delaware Univ., Lewes, DE (USA). Coll. of Marine Studies)

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This phenomenon of corrosion potential ennoblement on stainless alloys is well known for full strength seawater. This report presents data on the extent to which that process occurs as a function of salinity and sunlight level for: stainless steels S30400 and S31600; stainless alloys S44735 (29-4C), S44660 (Seacure), NO8367 (6XN) and N10276 (C-276); and R50250 (Ti-Gr2). The results showed that natural population biofilms formed from all salinity waters under low light level conditions were capable of ennobling the corrosion potentials of all test alloys, although R50250 was consistently ennobled the least. Both the amount of ennoblement and the highest steady potential reached were maximized in fresh water and decreased for all alloys with increasing salinity. The critical pitting potentials for all test alloys were measured in coastal seawater. In addition, the critical pitting potentials for alloys S30400 and S31600 were measured (or estimated from the literature) as a function of salinity. The effect of ennoblement on the initiation and propagation of crevice corrosion are currently under investigation. The effect of sunlight on corrosion potential ennoblement was examined for the super alloy N10276 (C-276). Mechanisms by which ennoblement may be affected by sunlight were discussed, and it was hypothesized that the phenomenon may be at least partially understood in terms of pH fluctuations within the biofilm under the influence of periodic changes in the rates of photosynthesis and respiration.

  19. Identification of the feature that causes the I-band secondary maximum of a type Ia supernova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jack, D; Hauschildt, P H

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtained a time series of spectra covering the secondary maximum in the I-band of the bright Type Ia supernova 2014J in M82 with the TIGRE telescope. Comparing the observations with theoretical models calculated with the time dependent extension of the PHOENIX code, we identify the feature that causes the secondary maximum in the I-band light curve. Fe II 3d6(3D)4s-3d6(5D)4p and similar high excitation transitions produce a blended feature at 7500 {\\AA}, which causes the rise of the light curve towards the secondary maximum. The series of observed spectra of SN 2014J and archival data of SN 2011fe confirm this conclusion. We further studied the plateau phase of the Rband light curve of SN 2014J and searched for features which contribute to the flux. The theoretical models do not clearly indicate a new feature that may cause the Rband plateau phase. However, Co II features in the range of 6500 - 7000 {\\AA} and the Fe II feature of the I-band are clearly seen in the theoretical spectra, but do not appear to ...

  20. Tax Measurement and Lag'don Tax

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surkhang, Wangchen

    1966-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    ). 2. These districts are: gnya' nang, skyid grong, rong shar, rdf,(lng dza', shtl dkar, glint skyes. ~. The Full Assembly consists of: all the government officials exeept the Regent and the Ministers of State (bka' blon); all the acting and retired... TAX MEASUREMENT AND LAG'DON TAX -WANGCHEN SURlCHANG Since in any discussion of taxes (in Tibetan: khrl) aD understanding of the units involved is a prerequisite, I Ihall describe these before dealing with the actual taxes. The basic unit...

  1. Casting of Devotional Images in the Himalayas: History, Tradition and Modern Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bue, Erberto Lo

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -,ic cr'Jcible 20 C'II high and 16 cn in external dia~eter. These crucib:es are imported from India a~d are used especially for casting copper. Firing the mould and melting the copper 5.40 p.m. The fire in t!1e kiln is reactlvated .... ith paper, dry... imported from China to ~epal in the 18th century) partially destroys the gilding, but gives the efrect of mild corrosion which successfully dupes ma~y'buyers of Tibetan and Himalayan a~tique5. Finally vermilion and other ritual substances may be smeared...

  2. Milking Song 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    milking song and discusses where and why such songs are sung. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Milking song Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo... Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo nyed. Female. Born 1954. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes...

  3. Dwyer, Arienne M. 1995. From the Northwest China Sprachbund: Xnhu Chinese dialect data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dwyer, Arienne M.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    :0 ?: ? ? ? 0 v M.C. ?- > ?- ? ? n M.C. n- : m- ?:? ?i?? : [m?i]?? [m?i]?? t > ts/__i ?:? ???? ????? ?? ??? /i/ following palatals ??? ?i ??i ?i [??i] [???i] [??i] /i//y/ following apicals ?? ? [?i] [l?i] [???] [?i] [l?i] [???] (M.C.= Middle... vowels: [?i??]~[l?i??] ? pear [????]~[l????] ? surname Luni01DA Amdo Tibetan has the phoneme /lh/, a voiceless aspirated lateral (i.e. [l?????]) (Sun: 18). The spirantization of /l/ in Xnhu Chinese apparently reflects a Chinese...

  4. Cultural Dimension of Pasture Resource Management in Nepal: A Study of Gumba System of the Northwest Dolpa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parajuli, Dhirendra B

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    \\'ional Papers D.H. Parajuli 117 in nature. Perhaps this system was first developed in the Tibetan platue bordering to Nepal Himalayas and entered into the territory of Nepal Himalayas along the people's seasonal migration with the migratory herding. Over... Ul-kogma, SauopartD3, &J,lUl bogma. Gbyamlung, Shugri Nyishar gamba, Pho gamba, Takpakogma, Sittihi, Pholtak. Sikyal penbTi, Nihma !>Vhsa, Sdlrob pwhri. Dh""l!Pak Penhridbunh, Shukpajoogjoog, Solajosa, SiUige, Dboowabesa. Winter Pasnue Winter Pasture Summer Pasture...

  5. Ten Priceless Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Nirmal Chandra

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ") would sell easily for Rs. 2500/- in Cal cutta and we were not interested to cheat him. The Tibetan refugee said "I know that your scholar friends, Indian or American, may pay even Rs. 5000/-. But I want a proper custody for my house hold icon which... Handed figure on Lotus Seat would bear out. Vide Plate Six . TARA Plate Seven depicts three icons of Tara (Dol rna), two in brass and one in sacred clay. The brass pieces are 3 inches and 4 inches high and the clay one 2 inches. The clay piece...

  6. Statuary Metals in Tibet and the Himalayas: History, Tradition and Modern Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bue, Erberto Lo

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the remaining ones being wood, stone, clay, papier-mtkh~ and ivory. As it was not always possible to distinguish with certainty betwen Tibetan and Nepalese images, owing to the activities of Newar sculptors in all parts of Tibet for many centuries, some... as not to exhaust the supply, but the people of sNye-mo also picked up loose bits on the mining site in order to sell them for their own gain (Ronge. 1978: 148). 'Jam-dpal-rdo-rje specifically mentions "malachi tel! (Tib.: spang) and "azurite" (Tib...

  7. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 27 Numbers 1-3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1991-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    them for publication in this paper. Of the 378 free-standing statues examined, 331 were of metal, the remaining ones being wood, stone, clay, papier-mtkh~ and ivory. As it was not always possible to distinguish with certainty betwen Tibetan... administratiOn mined the colourful minerals only once a year. apparently so as not to exhaust the supply, but the people of sNye-mo also picked up loose bits on the mining site in order to sell them for their own gain (Ronge. 1978: 148). 'Jam...

  8. Bon-The Primitive Religion of Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Anukul Chandra

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and in certain parts still extant". Jaschke3 holds the view that Bon is the nameQf the early religion of Tibet, concerning which but very imperfect acqounts are existing; so much is certain that sorcery was the principl~feature of it. 1. Encyclopaedia ot... Religion and ethics. 333. 2. P.879. 3. A Tibetan-English Dictlonary-P. 372, 1 When Buddhism became the religion of State. the former was considered heretical and condemnable and Lha-cos and bon-cos, or shorter cos and bon, were placed in opposition...

  9. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 17 Number 4 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1981-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    CONTENTS 1. Bon-The Primitive Religion of Tibet 1 Dr. Anukul Chandra Banerjee ~ 2. Lamaism in Tibet- A Brief Survey 19 t" B. Ghosh 3. Functions and Activities of SRITOBS 23 4. Publications of SRITOBS 1-6 Bon-The Primitive Religion of Tibet Prof... of incantation. The word Chos which ordinarily means religion is used as antithesis to Bon. Bon signifies the kind of Shamanism which was followed by Tibetans before the introduction of Buddhism and in certain parts still extant". Jaschke3 holds the view...

  10. Revue dEtudes Tibtaines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achard, Jean-Luc

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of birth (skyes rtsis), would have certainly seen that his g-yang, dbang thang, and lung rta were in an auspicious combination ! Samten was born in 1936, at the beginning of the Fire Rat year, in the Karmeu tshang family of farmers-traders in Sharkhog... be found in Delhi (quoted from my Asian Commitment page 191). A few days later I was in New Delhi visiting the Indian Ministry of External Affairs, where certificates of identity (in the absence of passports) would have to be issued for any Tibetans...

  11. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  12. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  13. Regional Modeling of Dust Mass Balance and Radiative Forcing over East Asia using WRF-Chem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Siyu; Zhao, Chun; Qian, Yun; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Huang, J.; Huang, Zhongwei; Bi, Jianrong; Zhang, Wu; Shi, Jinsen; Yang, Lei; Li, Deshuai; Li, Jinxin

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Weather Research and Forecasting model with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) is used to investigate the seasonal and annual variations of mineral dust over East Asia during 2007-2011, with a focus on the dust mass balance and radiative forcing. A variety of measurements from in-stu and satellite observations have been used to evaluate simulation results. Generally, WRF-Chem reproduces not only the column variability but also the vertical profile and size distribution of mineral dust over and near the dust source regions of East Asia. We investigate the dust lifecycle and the factors that control the seasonal and spatial variations of dust mass balance and radiative forcing over the seven sub-regions of East Asia, i.e. source regions, the Tibetan Plateau, Northern China, Southern China, the ocean outflow region, and Korea-Japan regions. Results show that, over the source regions, transport and dry deposition are the two dominant sinks. Transport contributes to ~30% of the dust sink over the source regions. Dust results in a surface cooling of up to -14 and -10 W m-2, atmospheric warming of up to 20 and 15 W m-2, and TOA cooling of -5 and -8 W m-2 over the two major dust source regions of East Asia, respectively. Over the Tibetan Plateau, transport is the dominant source with a peak in summer. Over identified outflow regions, maximum dust mass loading in spring is contributed by the transport. Dry and wet depositions are the comparably dominant sinks, but wet deposition is larger than dry deposition over the Korea-Japan region, particularly in spring (70% versus 30%). The WRF-Chem simulations can generally capture the measured features of dust aerosols and its radaitve properties and dust mass balance over East Asia, which provides confidence for use in further investigation of dust impact on climate over East Asia.