Sample records for tibetan tigre tigrinya

  1. Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 1 Grtice J. Vincent Le logiciel Tigre en formation PLC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    "Tigre" en formation PLC 1 Grétice J. Vincent Le logiciel « Tigre » en formation PLC J. Vincent Le;______________________________________________________________________________________ Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 2 Grétice J. Vincent 1.1. La lecture Voici l'écran d;______________________________________________________________________________________ Le logiciel "Tigre" en formation PLC 3 Grétice J. Vincent Figure 3 1.2. La démonstration Voici l

  2. Tigres

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesis ofwas publishedThree scientistsDepartment

  3. Selected TIGRE Program Listings This appendix contains abbreviated program listings for TIGRE as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    for TIGRE as implemented in C, VAX assembly language, and MIPS R2000 assembly langauge. B.1. REDUCE VAX /* adapt to VAX assembler kernel */ #define VAX_ASM TRUE #else #define VAX_ASM FALSE #endif #ifdef_TOKEN 255 #define PROGSIZE HEAPSIZE/2 /* max size of initial program */ #if VAX_ASM #define HEAP_STRIDE 3

  4. Tibetan singing bowls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terwagne, Denis

    We present the results of an experimental investigation of the acoustics and fluid dynamics of Tibetan singing bowls. Their acoustic behaviour is rationalized in terms of the related dynamics of standing bells and wine ...

  5. The Tambien Group, Northern Ethiopia (Tigre) NATHAN R. MILLER1*, DOV AVIGAD2, ROBERT J. STERN3 & MICHAEL BEYTH4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    Chapter 21 The Tambien Group, Northern Ethiopia (Tigre) NATHAN R. MILLER1*, DOV AVIGAD2, ROBERT J (e-mail: nrmiller@mail.utexas.edu) Abstract: The Tambien Group of northern Ethiopia (Tigre Ethiopia within an intra-oceanic setting that was likely far removed from cratonic hinterlands. More work

  6. The Tibetan Tradition of Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wylie, Turrel V.

    in the dynastic period and is attested by documents found at Tun-huang.13 As the nucleus of royal power was expanded into an empire various regions were brought under Tibetan domination The Yang-t'ung people in the northeast were sub jugated first, then tt e A... Turkestan, were captured during the reign of Khri Mang-slon mang rtsan (ascended 650-died 676). Following the death of this king. Zhang zhung revolted and its resubjugation eventually led to its incorporation into the Tibetan empire to such an extent...

  7. The Tibetan Tradition of Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wylie, Turrell V.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ dynastic period and is attested by documents found at Tun-huang.3 As the nucleus of royal power was expanded into an empire various regions were brought under Tibetan domination., The Yang-t'ung people in the northeast were sllbjullated first... Turkestan, were captured during the reign of Khri Mang-slon mang-rtsan (ascended 650-died 676). 'Following the death of this king, Zhang.zhung revolted and its resubjugation eventually led to its incorporation into the Tibetan empire to such an extent...

  8. Time series of high resolution spectra of SN 2014J observed with the TIGRE telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jack, D; Schroder, K -P; Schmitt, J H M M; Hempelmann, A; Gonzalez-Perez, J N; Trinidad, M A; Rauw, G; Sixto, J M Cabrera

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a time series of high resolution spectra of the Type Ia supernova 2014J, which exploded in the nearby galaxy M82. The spectra were obtained with the HEROS echelle spectrograph installed at the 1.2 m TIGRE telescope. We present a series of 33 spectra with a resolution of R = 20, 000, which covers the important bright phases in the evolution of SN 2014J during the period from January 24 to April 1 of 2014. The spectral evolution of SN 2014J is derived empirically. The expansion velocities of the Si II P-Cygni features were measured and show the expected decreasing behaviour, beginning with a high velocity of 14,000 km/s on January 24. The Ca II infrared triplet feature shows a high velocity component with expansion velocities of > 20, 000 km/s during the early evolution apart from the normal component showing similar velocities as Si II. Further broad P-Cygni profiles are exhibited by the principal lines of Ca II, Mg II and Fe II. The TIGRE SN 2014J spectra also resolve several very sharp Na I D doub...

  9. Permafrost degradation and its environmental effects on the Tibetan Plateau: A review of recent research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Permafrost degradation and its environmental effects on the Tibetan Plateau: A review of recent Tibetan Plateau Permafrost Climate warming Permafrost degradation A significant portion of the Tibetan recent Chinese investigations on permafrost degradation and its environmental effects in the Tibetan

  10. Carbon dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems on the Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jingfeng

    RESEARCH PAPER Carbon dynamics of terrestrial ecosystems on the Tibetan Plateau during the 20th tundra to evergreen tropics. Its soils are dominated by permafrost and are rich in organic carbon. Its, the carbon dynamics of the Tibetan Plateau have not been well quantified under changes of climate and per

  11. Some Reflections on the Periodization of Tibetan History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuevas, Bryan

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Some Reflections on the Periodization of Tibetan History* Bryan J. Cuevas(Florida State University, USA) istory is always expressed as a narrative, a story about the past. Towrite a story out of the events of the past, historians must give...

  12. The Visionary Landscape of Wutai Shan in Tibetan Buddhism from the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, Wen-Shing Lucia

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Terese Tse Bartholomew. Mongolia: the legacy of Chinggisof Tibetan Buddhism in Mongolia. Central Asiatic Journalwenhua ??????????? [Mongolia and the Political Culture of

  13. Tibetan Medicine Compared with Ancient and Mediaeval Western Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winder, Marianne

    In the Indo-Tibetan humoral system diseases are divided in to hot aod cold ones, and diseases are cured by a contrary remedy, that is, hot diseases by cold remedies and vice versa. For instance, Vagbhata says in his Ashtanghrdayasamhita : J 8) According... . : 'An these people of Libya from Egypt to Lake Tritonis are nomads who live on meat and milk. Cow's flesh they will not tast~, for the same reason as the Egyptians, nor will they keep pigs. Even the women of Cyrene think it wrong to eat cows, because...

  14. Abundant C4 plants on the Tibetan Plateau during the Lateglacial and early Holocene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Covino, Tim

    Abundant C4 plants on the Tibetan Plateau during the Lateglacial and early Holocene Elizabeth K t Plants using the C4 (Hatch-Slack) photosynthetic pathway are key for global food production and account of modern naturally-occurring C4 plant species at elevations up to 4500 m in Tibet and 3000 m in Africa

  15. Holocene climate variability archived in the Puruogangri ice cap on the central Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    ) climate changes and providing evidence that the high plateau may be quite sensitive to the 20thHolocene climate variability archived in the Puruogangri ice cap on the central Tibetan Plateau, 109017 Moscow, Russia ABSTRACT. Two ice cores (118.4 and 214.7 m in length) were collected in 2000 from

  16. SPIRITUALITY VERSUS RITUAL ? ON MODERN TIBETAN BUDDHISM IN POST-COMMUNIST MONGOLIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    1 SPIRITUALITY VERSUS RITUAL ? ON MODERN TIBETAN BUDDHISM IN POST-COMMUNIST MONGOLIA Marie-Dominique Even (CNRS, GSRL) * Abstract. The present religious landscape of Mongolia bears witness to the changes (dge lugs pa) denomination had held a religious monopoly in Mongolia and played a key role in political

  17. Holocene-Late Pleistocene Climatic Ice Core Records from Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    for affecting large-scale climate. In 1987, three ice cores were recovered to bedrock from the Dunde ice cap. XIE Three ice cores to bedrock from the Dunde ice cap on the north-central Qinghai- Tibetan Plateau of ago. T HE DUNDE ICE CAP (3806'N, 9624'E) is located in a desert envi- ronment between the highest

  18. Dissecting the eastern margin of the Tibetan plateau : a study of landslides, erosion and river incision in a transient landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouimet, William Burke

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The eastern margin of the Tibetan plateau is characterized by large rivers dissecting regional topography that has been uplifted in association with the continued convergence of the Indian subcontinent and Eurasia. In this ...

  19. Timing of granite emplacement and cooling in the SongpanGarze^ Fold Belt (eastern Tibetan Plateau) with tectonic implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timing of granite emplacement and cooling in the Songpan­Garze^ Fold Belt (eastern Tibetan Plateau Abstract New U­Pb and Rb­Sr geochronology on syn- and post-orogenic granites provide constraints on the timing of major tectonic events in the Songpan­Garze^ fold belt, west Sichuan, China. The Ma Nai granite

  20. Density distribution of the India plate beneath the Tibetan plateau: Geophysical and petrological constraints on the kinetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Density distribution of the India plate beneath the Tibetan plateau: Geophysical and petrological combine seismological and Bouguer anomaly data with thermo-kinematic and petrological modelling of its descent is reached. In an integrated geophysical and petrological approach, the temperature field

  1. Effect of mesoscale topography over the Tibetan Plateau on summer precipitation in China: A regional model study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuqing

    Effect of mesoscale topography over the Tibetan Plateau on summer precipitation in China 2008; accepted 27 August 2008; published 8 October 2008. [1] The effect of mesoscale topography over and topography. In the sensitivity simulation, the mesoscale feature in topography over the TP was smoothed out

  2. Impact of land use change on the local climate over the Tibetan Plateau

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, J.; Lu, S.; Li, S.; Miller, N.L.

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observational data show that the remotely sensed leaf area index (LAI) has a significant downward trend over the east Tibetan Plateau (TP), while a warming trend is found in the same area. Further analysis indicates that this warming trend mainly results from the nighttime warming. The Single-Column Atmosphere Model (SCAM) version 3.1 developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research is used to investigate the role of land use change in the TP local climate system and isolate the contribution of land use change to the warming. Two sets of SCAM simulations were performed at the Xinghai station that is located near the center of the TP Sanjiang (three rivers) Nature Reserve where the downward LAI trend is largest. These simulations were forced with the high and low LAIs. The modeling results indicate that, when the LAI changes from high to low, the daytime temperature has a slight decrease, while the nighttime temperature increases significantly, which is consistent with the observations. The modeling results further show that the lower surface roughness length plays a significant role in affecting the nighttime temperature increase.

  3. Carbonaceous aerosols recorded in a southeastern Tibetan glacier: analysis of temporal variations and model estimates of sources and radiative forcing

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Mo; Xu, B.; Cao, J.; Tie, X.; Wang, Hailong; Zhang, Rudong; Qian, Yun; Rasch, Philip J.; Zhao, Shuyu; Wu, Guangjian; et al

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High temporal resolution measurements of black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC) covering the time period of 19562006 in an ice core over the southeastern Tibetan Plateau show a distinct seasonal dependence of BC and OC with higher respective concentrations but a lower OC / BC ratio in the non-monsoon season than during the summer monsoon. We use a global aerosol-climate model, in which BC emitted from different source regions can be explicitly tracked, to quantify BC sourcereceptor relationships between four Asian source regions and the southeastern Tibetan Plateau as a receptor. The model results show that South Asia hasmorethe largest contribution to the present-day (19962005) mean BC deposition at the ice-core drilling site during the non-monsoon season (October to May) (81%) and all year round (74%), followed by East Asia (14% to the non-monsoon mean and 21% to the annual mean). The ice-core record also indicates stable and relatively low BC and OC deposition fluxes from the late 1950s to 1980, followed by an overall increase to recent years. This trend is consistent with the BC and OC emission inventories and the fuel consumption of South Asia (as the primary contributor to annual mean BC deposition). Moreover, the increasing trend of the OC / BC ratio since the early 1990s indicates a growing contribution of coal combustion and/or biomass burning to the emissions. The estimated radiative forcing induced by BC and OC impurities in snow has increased since 1980, suggesting an increasing potential influence of carbonaceous aerosols on the Tibetan glacier melting and the availability of water resources in the surrounding regions. Our study indicates that more attention to OC is merited because of its non-negligible light absorption and the recent rapid increases evident in the ice-core record.less

  4. Carbonaceous Aerosols Recorded in a Southeastern Tibetan Glacier: Analysis of Temporal Variations and Model Estimates of Sources and Radiative Forcing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Mo; Xu, B.; Cao, J.; Tie, X.; Wang, Hailong; Zhang, Rudong; Qian, Yun; Rasch, Philip J.; Zhao, Shuyu; Wu, Guangjian; Zhao, Huabiao; Joswiak, Daniel R.; Li, Jiule; Xie, Ying

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High temporal resolution measurements of black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC) covering the time period of 1956-2006 in an ice core over the southeastern Tibetan Plateau show a distinct seasonal dependence of OC/BC ratio with higher values in the non-monsoon season than during the summer monsoon. We use a global aerosol-climate model, in which BC emitted from different source regions can be explicitly tracked, to quantify BC source-receptor relationships between four Asian source regions and the southern Tibetan Plateau as a receptor. The model results show that South Asia is a primary contributor during the non-monsoon season (October to May) (81%) and on an annual basis (74%), followed by East Asia (14% and 21%, respectively). The ice-core record also indicates stable and relatively low BC and OC deposition fluxes from late 1950s to 1980, followed by an overall increase to recent years. This trend is consistent with the BC and OC emission inventories and the fuel consumption of South Asia as the primary contributor. Moreover, the increasing trend of OC/BC ratio since the early 1990s indicates a growing contribution of coal combustion and biomass burning to the emissions. The estimated radiative forcing induced by BC/OC impurities in snow has increased since 1980, suggesting an increasing influence of carbonaceous aerosols on the Tibetan glacier melting, influencing the availability of water resources in the surrounding regions. Our study indicates that the role of OC deserves more attention because of its non-negligible light absorption and the more rapid increase than BC

  5. Joint inversion of surface waves and teleseismic body waves across the Tibetan collision zone: the fate of subducted Indian lithosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunn, Ceri; Roecker, Steven W.; Priestley, Keith F.; Liang, Xiaofeng; Gilligan, Amy

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for traveltimes at shallow depths. 2 GEOTECTONIC SETT ING At the surface, the Tibetan plateau is a relatively uniform area of ?5 km elevation. Its formation involved numerous collisions, and several major sutures formed during the closure of the Tethys ocean (Fig... . Studies of Sn propagation indicate that Sn energy is more strongly attenuated in the northern plateau in comparison to the south (Ni & Barazangi 1983; McNamara et al. 1995). Barron & Priestley (2009) investigated the propagation of the Sn phase over a...

  6. Climatic variation in the Linxia basin, NE Tibetan Plateau, from 13.1 to 4.3 Ma: The stable isotope record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garzione, Carmala N.

    (Lear et al., 2000; Zachos et al., 2001; Billups and Schrag, 2002). In East Asia, climate change sinceClimatic variation in the Linxia basin, NE Tibetan Plateau, from 13.1 to 4.3 Ma: The stable isotope record Majie Fan a,b,, David L. Dettman a , Chunhui Song b , Xiaomin Fang b,c , Carmala N. Garzione d

  7. Development of the TIGRE This describes the TIGRE method for combinator graph reduction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    been previously implemented for the G-Ma- chine graph reduction implementation on a VAX (Peyton Jones 1987). In VAX assembly language, unwinding a node while traversing the stack requires four instructions, on average, processing nodes for stack unwinding costs: (4 * 1.38) + 7 = 12.52 VAX instructions per

  8. Associated Media Holdings Inc formerly EL Tigre Development Corp | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon Capture andsoftwareAsianEnergy InformationEnergy

  9. Applying Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) spectral indices for geological mapping and mineral identification on the Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corrie, Robert; Aitchison, Jonathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tibetan Plateau holds clues to understanding the dynamics and mechanisms associated with continental growth. Part of the region is characterized by zones of ophiolitic melange believed to represent the remnants of ancient oceanic crust and underlying upper mantle emplaced during oceanic closures. However, due to the remoteness of the region and the inhospitable terrain many areas have not received detailed investigation. Increased spatial and spectral resolution of satellite sensors have made it possible to map in greater detail the mineralogy and lithology than in the past. Recent work by Yoshiki Ninomiya of the Geological Survey of Japan has pioneered the use of several spectral indices for the mapping of quartzose, carbonate, and silicate rocks using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) thermal infrared (TIR) data. In this study, ASTER TIR indices have been applied to a region in western-central Tibet for the purposes of assessing their effectiveness for differentiatin...

  10. Sensitivity studies on the impacts of Tibetan Plateau snowpack pollution on the Asian hydrological cycle and monsoon climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qian, Yun; Flanner, M. G.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Wang, Weiguo

    2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tibetan Plateau (TP), the highest and largest plateau in the world, has long been identified to be critical in regulating the Asian monsoon climate and hydrological cycle. The snowpack and glaciers over the TP provide fresh water to billions of people in Asian countries, but the TP glaciers have been retreating extensively at a speed faster than any other part of the world. In this study a series of experiments with a global climate model are designed to simulate black carbon (BC) and dust in snow and their radiative forcing and to assess the relative impacts of anthropogenic CO2 and carbonaceous particles in the atmosphere and snow, respectively, on the snowpack over the TP, as well as their subsequent impacts on the Asian monsoon climate and hydrological cycle. Results show a large BC content in snow over the TP, especially the southern slope, with concentration larger than 100 k/kg. Because of the high aerosol content in snow and large incident solar radiation in the low latitude and high elevation, the TP exhibits the largest surface radiative forcing induced by aerosols (e.g. BC, Dust) in snow compared to other snow-covered regions in the world. The aerosol-induced snow albedo perturbations generate surface radiative forcing of 5-25 W m-2 during spring, with a maximum in April or May. BC-in-snow increases the surface air temperature by around 1.0oC averaged over the TP and reduces snowpack over the TP more than that induced by pre-industrial to present CO2 increase and carbonaceous particles in the atmosphere during spring. As a result, runoff increases during late winter and early spring but decreases during late spring and early summer (i.e. a trend toward earlier melt dates). The snowmelt efficacy, defined as the snowpack reduction per unit degree of warming induced by the forcing agent, is 1-4 times larger for BC-in-snow than CO2 increase during April-July, indicating that BC-in-snow more efficiently accelerates snowmelt because the increased net solar radiation induced by reduced albedo melts the snow more efficiently than snow melt due to warming in the air. The TP also influences the South (SAM) and East (EAM) Asian monsoon through its dynamical and thermal forcing. During boreal spring, aerosols are transported by the southwesterly and reach the higher altitude and/or deposited in the snowpack over the TP. While BC and OM in the atmosphere directly absorb sunlight and warm the air, the darkened snow surface polluted by BC absorbs more solar radiation and increases the skin temperature, which warms the air above by the increased sensible heat flux over the TP. Both effects enhance the upward motion of air and spur deep convection along the TP during pre-monsoon season, resulting in earlier onset of the SAM and increase of moisture, cloudiness and convective precipitation over northern India. BC-in-snow has a more significant impact on the EAM in July than CO2 increase and carbonaceous particles in the atmosphere. Contributed by the significant increase of both sensible heat flux associated with the warm skin temperature and latent heat flux associated with increased soil moisture with long memory, the role of the TP as a heat pump is elevated from spring through summer as the land-sea thermal contrast increases to strengthen the EAM. As a result, both southern China and northern China become wetter, but central China (i.e. Yangtze River Basin) becomes drier - a near zonal anomaly pattern that is consistent with the dominant mode of precipitation variability in East Asia. ?

  11. On Bhutanese and Tibetan Dzongs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amundsen, Ingun Bruskeland

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . This space would otherwise have been in darkness due to the windowless walls, and the elevated roof may also have contributed to the ventilation of the large hall. This roof arrangement may be characterised as an early version of a type of roof... The building complex is termed the Potala Phodrang,55 thus underlining its main function as the residence of the Dalai Lama, and also all the previous incarnations in the Dalai Lama lineage are represented with mausoleums within its premises. In the warm...

  12. Tibetan Technology and the West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aris, Michael

    1969-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , the ball-and-chain g(nenor and the hot-air turbine) does seem to make the case for independent Italian invention more improbable. IV THE STEAM-JET FIRE-BLOWER Related to the idea of the use of heat rising is that of using a jet of steam. It has long... rotating on a vertical axle and powered by an anemometer like wind turbine. The earliest appearance of this in Tibet is unlikely to have preceded the introduction of the mani formula itself as a formal 'support' for religious devotion and meditation...

  13. Framing Illegality: Sonic Culture, Power, and the Politics of Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arellano, Gerardo Nunez

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    member of Los Tigres Del Norte) With their socially andlyrics, Los Tigres Del Norte have been entrancing audiencesargues that Los Tigres Del Norte and their music can be

  14. Compton Recoil Electron Tracking With the TIGRE Gamma-Ray Balloon Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamiya, Kaoru

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AGNs), pulsars, gamma-ray bursts, cosmic ray interactionssensitive to cosmic gamma-ray bursts in the energy range ofGalactic center, a single gamma-ray burst which occurred 10

  15. Names and Titles in Early Tibetan Records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Hugh Edward

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and the Myang Btsun Khri Bo, the head of a Myang principality which may have been the heritage of the great minister Myang Mang Po Rje Zhang Snang who was all powerful in the early d:1YS of Srong Brtsan Sgam Po and was disgraced an,1 executed in about 636... -father in power, is called Myang Mang Po Rje Zhang Snang. His family may have been awarded the status of rgyal phran for this service. Mang Po Rje is also found as part of the names of persons of special distinction from the Mgar Khu, Dba's and Cog Ro rus...

  16. Early Tibetan Inscriptions: Some Recent Discoveries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Hugh Edward

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and military might, dbu-rmog brlsan,' but there does not seem to be any mention of the old religion; and the inscription is unique in referring to the oorrect translation of Mah!yana sutras-(theg-pa chen po mdo) sde mang-mo zhig gtan la bab par bsgyur to... ~ that there is a possible Jater. connection with A-phyi Chos kyi Sgrol~ma. the protecting deity of the 'Dri-khung sect whose founder came from the Skyu-ra Dro Rgyal family which was all powerful in that region. Whatever may be made of these confused traditions...

  17. The Old Tibetan Chronicle - Chapter I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Nathan W

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The divine son, notlike unto men,8 because [he] had great gifts and magical powers such as translate these passages with the pass... as the objectof bcad and not as a verb. OL_0751,38a2-4 lha sras dburmog brtsanpo dang /blonpo dpavvdzangsldan zhIng dgra thabs mkhaspavI skyimskyIs dgrala phog-padang / dmag mangpovI mthu brtsan-pos dgravI mkhar phabpa dang / g...

  18. The Origin of the Tibetan Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Hugh

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    before Myang Zhang-snans, was appointed Chief Minister with the title Mang-po-rje. Myang became an all-powerful figure after the death of Gnam-ri Slon-mtshan, while Srong-brtsan was too young to take effective action, and supprs!3sed a wide spread... , although a son of the last heavenly Khri, was in vol ved in earthly conflict and death. In an obscure story he challenged one Lo-ngam rta-rdzi who succeeded in neu tralizing the magic powers with which Dri-gum was pro tected and so was able to kill him...

  19. Names and Titles in Early Tibetan Records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Hugh Edward

    1967-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    of the great minister Myang Mang Po Rje Zhang Snang who was all powerful in the early days of Srong Brtsan Sgam Po and was disgraced and executed in about 636,10 Other personages who may have been included among the rgyal phran can be seen in documents... . ~I he third edict mentions a ~fyang rgyal phran; the great minister of Srong Brtsan Sgam Po whose father led the movement which put Srong Brtsan's grand-father in power, is called Myang Mang Po Rje Zhang Snang. His family may have been awarded...

  20. UN REGALO PARA HISTORIA. A CMERA DE UM "TIGRE DO SAARA" RETRATA TEMPOS DE ESCURIDO NA REPBLICA ORIENTAL DEL URUGUAY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIENTAL DEL URUGUAY. Marco Antônio VARGAS VILLALOBOS Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul González. El fotógrafo nacido en Marruecos en la época del protectorado español, llegó a Uruguay como

  1. Gray Tuttle, Tibetan Buddhists in the Making of Modern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagou, Fabienne

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s translator has been changed to Kang Zang minzhong); dong lai neidi (came from the East to Inner China) has been replaced by ru zhi neidi (enter Inner China); ru Nei Meng (Enter Inner Mongolia) by fu Meng zhi shi (reach Mongolia); Kang Qing liang...

  2. Programmed emptiness : research infrastructure on the Tibetan plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunbar, Sarah (Sarah Ford)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent completion of a rail line running from central China to Lhasa in the Tibet Autonomous Region has brought attention not only to China's Architecture and Urbanism questionable occupation of Tibet, but also to the ...

  3. AHP15: Rgyal rong Tibetan Life, Language, and Folklore in Rgyas bzang Village

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G.yu 'brug; Stuart, C K

    to pigs. Photograph Thirty. The bang ma is a room where such items as meat, butter, and lard are stored. Photograph Thirty-one. An 'o zom 'milk bucket'. Photograph Thirty-Two. Village women carry firewood home. Photograph Thirty-three. A spal par... 40 Pickled turnip leaves are put in hot water. The water is then removed and the leaves are formed into round cakes. This is done in winter, as freezing is believed to improve the taste. Villagers cut the cake into pieces, boil for about three...

  4. Supporting Online Material Thinning and ow of Tibetan crust constrained by seismic anisotropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Nikolai

    + aisociso 8 2 #12;c,1 reuss = abio cbio reuss ,1 + amusc cmusc reuss ,1 + aiso ciso ,1 9 where abio

  5. Socioeconomic Status and Maternal and Child Health in Rural Tibetan Villages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyaltsen, Kunchok; Gewa, Constance; Greenlee, Heather; Ravetz, Jessica; Aikman, Meredith; Pebley, Anne R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    diarrhea, respiratory/ chest, cough, skin, abdomen, back,As shown in Table 9, cough, respiratory/chest, diarrhea andDiarrhea Respiratory/ Chest Cough Skin Abdomen Back Feet

  6. Mitochondrial DNA variant associated with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy and high-altitude Tibetans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    perturb mitochondrial bioenergetics, are continuously beingvariants that alter bioenergetics, which most com- monly

  7. Warming Your Hands with Moonlight: Lavrung Tibetan Oral Traditions and Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G.yu lha

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ,000 to 28 Gsong chabs are small earth balls that are consecrated by chanting. Containing a high lama's urine, they are considered sacred, and put in water that is drunk to prevent diseases and contamination by evil. 29 4,000 RMB per year selling... about half of the butter and cheese they produce. Locals grow barley, wheat, soybeans, mung beans, corn, and potatoes that are all locally consumed rather than sold (except for corn see below). Cabbages, turnips, tomatoes, and spinach...

  8. How the Tibetan Bodhisattva Kings invited Atisha Dipankara Sri-Jnana to Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunzang, Rechung Rimpoche Jampal

    1975-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Kea-sH~-mgon and the district of zhang-zhung and mang-yul to Prince dP .l-gyi-mgon and Prince IDe-g'sug-mgon respectively. The three provinc{;s were known as mNga'res-skar-gsum. .. bKra-~his-mgon h .. d two sons, mNga-bckg-kho-re and Srong nge. mNg;-bd; g-kho-re, in turn... and told him the purpose of his vhit to India. Thn Lotsava rgF-bt~on seng advised him not to disclose to anyone the purpose of his visit, but to say that he had come to further his studies. This advice way given because Ati5ha had a powerful patron...

  9. Dynamic formation of extreme ozone minimum events over the Tibetan Plateau during northern winters 19872001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chance, Kelly

    Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. 2 Also at Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. 3 LACS, Institute of Atmospher

  10. Control of Temperature on Microbial Community Structure in Hot Springs of the Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Foundation grants of China (41030211, 41002123 and 40972211), the Key Project of International Cooperation (C.Z.), and National Science Foundation grants (OISE-0968421, DBI REU 1005223, and ETBC-1024614

  11. Last Glacial Maximum over China: Sensitivities of climate to paleovegetation and Tibetan ice sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , China Helge Drange Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norway Xianmei Lang State Key to results from other AGCMs, and/but generally shows a weak terrestrial cooling when compared soil characteristics over China. The additional cooling due to these two changes reduces, to a certain

  12. A late Eocene palynological record of climate change and Tibetan Plateau uplift (Xining Basin, China)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    mudflat to ephemeral saline lake sedimentary succession, situated in the Xining Basin at the northeastern

  13. Socioeconomic Status and Maternal and Child Health in Rural Tibetan Villages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyaltsen, Kunchok; Gewa, Constance; Greenlee, Heather; Ravetz, Jessica; Aikman, Meredith; Pebley, Anne R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    methods included plastic containers and metal pails/buckets.storage: a Wooden barrel Plastic container Metal pail % Who

  14. Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman: System and Philosophy of Sino-Tibetan Reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matisoff, James A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    => JINUO Bwe . . . . . . . .Chitabu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .=> KAREN (BWE)Hpun. CSTS . 1997. Bwe Karen Dictionary . London:

  15. Hydrological and solute budgets of Lake Qinghai, the largest lake on the Tibetan Plateau

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Zhangdong; You, Chen-Feng; Wang, Yi; Shi, Yuewei

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water level and chemistry of Lake Qinghai are sensitive to climate changes and are important for paleoclimatic implications. An accurate understanding of hydrological and chemical budgets is crucial for quantifying geochemical proxies and carbon cycle. Published results of water budget are firstly reviewed in this paper. Chemical budget and residence time of major dissolved constituents in the lake are estimated using reliable water budget and newly obtained data for seasonal water chemistry. The results indicate that carbonate weathering is the most important riverine process, resulting in dominance of Ca2+ and DIC for river waters and groundwater. Groundwater contribution to major dissolved constituents is relatively small (4.2 0.5%). Wet atmospheric deposition contributes annually 7.444.0% soluble flux to the lake, resulting from eolian dust throughout the seasons. Estimates of chemical budget further suggest that (1) the Buha-type water dominates the chemical components of the lake water, (2) Na+, Cl?, Mg2+, and K+ in lake water are enriched owing to their conservative behaviors, and (3) precipitation of authigenic carbonates (low-Mg calcite, aragonite, and dolomite) transits quickly dissolved Ca2+ into the bottom sediments of the lake, resulting in very low Ca2+ in the lake water. Therefore, authigenic carbonates in the sediments hold potential information on the relative contribution of different solute inputs to the lake and the lake chemistry in the past.

  16. Preliminary notes on Gyalsumdo, an undocumented Tibetan variety in Manang District, Nepal.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hildebrandt, Kristine Ann; Perry, J. Joseph

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in selected languages of Nepal, Part IV: Word Lists. Norman,Tibeto-Burman languages of Nepal: Manange and Sherpa, 2241.and Gurung shamans in Nepal. Madison, Wisconsin: University

  17. Step-wise change of Asian interior climate preceding the EoceneOligocene Transition (EOT)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Eocene continental mudflat to saline lake paleoenvironments of the Xining Basin (northeastern Tibetan

  18. The ma Ni Song 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo... nyed. Female. Born 1954. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first / native language Khams Tibetan Performer...

  19. Structural Geology of a Central Segment of the Qilian Shan-Nan Shan Thrust Belt: Implications for the Magnitude of Cenozoic Shortening in the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reith, Robin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dong from the Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy ofmethods at the Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of

  20. The Myths of Maternity: A Comparative Study of the Medical and Mythological Practices of Highland Tibetan Populations to Prove Cultural Adaptations to High-Altitude Hypoxia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shively, Stephanie Lynne

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    that their function as societal adaptations to environmental stresses and a heightened mortality rate do not either. Soon after a mother delivers her child, she is given a thick butter concoction in order to combat ?wind? while the baby undergoes its ritual welcome... hypoxia to correlate with low birth weights and subsequently increased infant mortality rates (Wiley 2002), as well as ?chronic and progressive? IUGR (Zamudio 2000). Researchers have discovered the effects of lowered barometric pressure and decreased...

  1. Structural Geology of a Central Segment of the Qilian Shan-Nan Shan Thrust Belt: Implications for the Magnitude of Cenozoic Shortening in the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reith, Robin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    characterization of the Gangcha complex in the West Qinling terrane, central China: Journal of the Geological

  2. Structural Geology of a Central Segment of the Qilian Shan-Nan Shan Thrust Belt: Implications for the Magnitude of Cenozoic Shortening in the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reith, Robin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    continental deformation: Geology, Burchfiel, B.C. , Zhang,by lower crustal flow: Geology, 28: 703-706. Cowgill, E. ,in north Qilian: Gansu Geology, 20: 40-44 (in Chinese with

  3. Construction of a minimal tiling path across the euchromatic arms of sorghum chromosome 3 and comparative analysis with the rice chromosome 1 pseudomolecule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Bin

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    pools orthologous to a 5.1 Mb region of rice chromosome 1 were constructed and sequence skimmed. Alignment of the sorghum skim sequences to the TIGR rice gene models revealed ~62% colinearity between the two orthologous regions. In addition, colinearity...

  4. The ma Ni Song 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo... nyed. Female. Born 1954. and Song rgyas dbar sgron. Female. Born 1992 Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first...

  5. A Threshing Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    , ritual) Threshing song Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan... Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo nyed. Female. Born 1954. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan...

  6. The ma Ni Song 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Chos... tdog. Female. Born 1984. Song rgyas dpar sgron. Female. Born 1992. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first...

  7. A Love Song 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name... (s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo nyed. Female. Born 1954. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first...

  8. The ma Ni Song 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo... nyed. Female. Born 1954 and Song rgyas dbar sgron. Female. Born 1992. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first...

  9. A Love Song 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name... (s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo nyed. Female. Born 1954 Ci jo. Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Language of recording Khams Tibetan Performer(s)s first...

  10. The Impact of the Central Asian Mountains on Downstream Storminess and Monsoon Onset

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Hyo Seok

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the upstream BCC on downstream storminess 2.5. Stationarylevel cyclonic motions downstream of the Tibetan Plateau.Chang, E. K. N. , 1993: Downstream development of baroclinic

  11. FIELD TEST OF THE WATER-WHEEL IR (WIR) SPECTROMETER ON EVAPORATIVE SALT DEPOSITS AT TIBETAN PLATEAU. P. Sobron, J. J. Freeman, Alian Wang, Dept Earth and Planetary Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "contact survey", i.e., to install a WIR unit inside of a well set into the middle wheel of a pla- netary of WIR has a size of 10x7.5x6.5cm, mass of 450 grams, power consump- tion of 4W, and output data through transformed into a rugged, field portable NIR reflectance spectrometer that is able to operate in tough field

  12. Folk Song 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tshe ring bsam 'grub

    ???????????????????????????????? Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) A bhe, 74 years old, male, Stong skor Village, Mgo mang Town, Mang ra County, Mtsho lho Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province. ??????????????????????????????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ????????... ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Language of recording A mdo Tibetan ???? ?????? last updated by World Oral Literature Project staff on Wednesday, Tuesday, June 8, 2010 Performer(s)'s first / native language A mdo...

  13. Folk Song 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tshe ring bsam 'grub

    ???????????? ?????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) A bhe, 74 years old, male, Stong skor Village, Mgo mang Town, Mang ra County, Mtsho lho Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai... Province. ??????????????????????????????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Language of recording A mdo Tibetan ???? ?????? last updated by World Oral Literature Project staff on Wednesday...

  14. An assessment of the validity of cerium oxide as a surrogate for plutonium oxide gallium removal studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolman, D.G.; Park, Y.; Stan, M.; Hanrahan, R.J. Jr.; Butt, D.P.

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for purifying plutonium metal have long been established. These methods use acid solutions to dissolve and concentrate the metal. However, these methods can produce significant mixed waste, that is, waste containing both radioactive and chemical hazards. The volume of waste produced from the aqueous purification of thousands of weapons would be expensive to treat and dispose. Therefore, a dry method of purification is highly desirable. Recently, a dry gallium removal research program commenced. Based on initial calculations, it appeared that a particular form of gallium (gallium suboxide, Ga{sub 2}O) could be evaporated from plutonium oxide in the presence of a reducing agent, such as small amounts of hydrogen dry gas within an inert environment. Initial tests using ceria-based material (as a surrogate for PuO{sub 2}) showed that thermally-induced gallium removal (TIGR) from small samples (on the order of one gram) was indeed viable. Because of the expense and difficulty of optimizing TIGR from plutonium dioxide, TIGR optimization tests using ceria have continued. This document details the relationship between the ceria surrogate tests and those conducted using plutonia.

  15. Folk Song 2, Sun, Moon, and Star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol dkar skyid

    ?????????????????????????????????? ???????????? Tape No. / Track / Item No. Sitaigou Tibetan Folk Song 2.WAV Length of track 00:02:40 Related tracks (include description/relationship if appropriate) Title of track Sun?Moon, and Star ???????? ???????????? Translation of title...

  16. Urban-Architectural Design After Exile: Communities in Search of a Minor Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angell, Bradley 1976-

    2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    include the Tibetan Government-in-Exile of Dharamsala, India; Student Bonfire of Robertson County, Texas; Isla Vista Recreation & Park District of Santa Barbara County, California; and the Emergent Cannabis Community of Arcata, California. Of all...

  17. Research on Climate Change National High Magnetic Field Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program Mountain building affects climate because the erosion of silicate rocks decreases the CO2 content of the Tibetan Plateau. A complementary approach to silicate weathering is provided by lithium isotopes

  18. The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    . Lname Abkhaz, Aikan??, B? c t? c , . . ., Zuni 2. Fam Arawakan, Indo-European, Sino-Tibetan,... 3. Lat World Atlas of Language Structures 1. Lname Abkhaz, Aikan??, B? c t? c , . . ., Zuni 2. Fam Arawakan

  19. Heterogeneity and anisotropy of the lithosphere of SE Tibet from surface wave array tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Huajian

    Understanding the geotectonic evolution of the southeastern Tibetan plateau requires knowledge about the structure of the lithosphere. Using data from 77 broadband stations in SW China, we invert Rayleigh wave phase velocity ...

  20. The development of orogenic plateaus : Plateaus: case studies examining relationships between tectonics, crustal strength, surface deformation, and plateau morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Kristen Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis addresses processes associated with the uplift, deformation, and erosion of orogenic plateaus. The timing and mechanisms of uplift of the Tibetan Plateau and the Altiplano are the subject of ongoing debate. ...

  1. Late Cenozoic uplift of southeastern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Marin Kristen, 1973-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent field work and DEM analysis show that remnant, local areas of a low-relief land scape (or "erosion surface") are geographically continuous across the southeastern Tibetan Plateau margin and can be correlated in order ...

  2. Tectonic evolution of the Thakkahola Graben and Dhaulagiri Himalaya, Central Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurtado, Jos Miguel, 1974-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three extensional fault systems intersect in the central Nepal Himalaya: the South Tibetan fault system (STFS); the Thakkhola graben; and structures bounding the Upper Mustang Massif (UMM). Interactions between these systems ...

  3. Nyi shar Circle Dancing Song 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skal bzang phun tshogs

    of title Description (to be used in archive entry) People sing this song together while dancing in a circle. The lyrics state that lamas are great and important and that Tibetans respect lamas very much. ?????????????????????????????? ???...

  4. Validating a regional climate model's downscaling ability for East Asian summer monsoonal interannual variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sato, T; Xue, Y; Xue, Y

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mountainous areas, such as Mongolia and the Tibetan Plateau.southeast China. Over Mongolia, how- ever, the performancefive sub-domains, 1 Mongolia (90120E, 4252N), Southeast

  5. Aspects of the History of the Prayer Wheel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winder, Marianne

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    paintings onwards. H.1. Horwitz and Berthold Laufer 19) have described Tibetan prayer drums with curved wind-vanes preserved in Western museums. Nowadays, the Savonius S-rotor which provides air conditioning in the form of the twirling ventilators...

  6. TIGRFAMS: The TIGRFAMs database of protein families

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    TIGRFAMs are protein families based on Hidden Markov Models or HMMs. Use this page to see the curated seed alignmet for each TIGRFam, the full alignment of all family members and the cutoff scores for inclusion in each of the TIGRFAMs. Also use this page to search through the TIGRFAMs and HMMs for text in the TIGRFAMs Text Search or search for specific sequences in the TIGRFAMs Sequence Search.[Copied from the Overview at http://www.jcvi.org/cms/research/projects/tigrfams/overview/] See also TIGRFAMs ordered by the roles they play at http://cmr.jcvi.org/tigr-scripts/CMR/shared/EvidenceList.cgi?ev_type=TIGRFAM&order_type=role.

  7. Plowing Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    plowing speech and a discussion about the speech. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Plowing speech Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo Village, Phu... ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo nyed. Female. Born 1954. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan...

  8. Wednesday May 21 & Wednesday May 28 from 5:30pm to 6:30pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    will briefly explain each of the Eight Verses, and the group will meditate on each for a couple minutes events for the whole UCI community. ARC Parking $1 per hour May 21 - Eight Verses Meditation Almost a thousand years ago, the Tibetan Buddhist, Master Geshe Langri Tangpa wrote the "Eight Verses of Training

  9. Study of Sanskrit Grammer in Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Bhajagovinda

    and edited from Skt. MSS, as well as from Tibetan version, with full indices in ) 8905 is of opinion that Candra 33 flourished probably in the period between 465 and 544 A.D. The Candra;ya:arana is certainly earlier than the Kashika of Jayaditya...

  10. Twentieth-Century Droughts and Their Impacts on Terrestrial Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jingfeng

    Twentieth-Century Droughts and Their Impacts on Terrestrial Carbon Cycling in China Jingfeng Xiao droughts had significant effects on terrestrial carbon cycling in China, although future studies should Lafayette, Indiana @ Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER Impact of 3-D topography on surface radiation budget over

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liou, K. N.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Impact of 3-D topography on surface radiation budget over the Tibetan Plateau Wei: 29 September 2012 # Springer-Verlag 2012 Abstract The 3-D complex topography effect on the sur- face on the basis of "exact" 3-D Monte Carlo photon tracing sim- ulations, which use 90 m topography data

  12. Representing the effects of alpine grassland vegetation cover on the simulation of soil thermal dynamics by ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ickert-Bond, Steffi

    dynamics by ecosystem models applied to the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau S. Yi,1 N. Li,2 B. Xiang,3 X. Wang,1 B. In ecosystem, permafrost, and hydrology models, the consideration of soil surface temperature is generally and atmospheric factors on the estimation of soil surface temperature for alpine grassland ecosystems

  13. Integrated research on mountain glaciers: Current status, priorities and future prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briner, Jason P.

    Institute for Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China A B S T R A C TA towards integrating research on mountain glaciers to address key scientific, socio-economic and political and the balance of energy and mass at the surface of glaciers; 7) characterizing the role of intrinsic climate

  14. Tectonic and climatic controls on long-term silicate weathering in Asia since 5 Ma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clift, Peter

    Tectonic and climatic controls on long-term silicate weathering in Asia since 5 Ma Shiming Wan,1 of paleo-climate and pCO2, the history of long- term silicate weathering in the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau (HTP) during the late Cenozoic remains unclear. We recon- struct 5 m.y. of silicate sedimentary

  15. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qi-Bin

    's personal copy Evidence of solar signals in tree rings of Smith fir from Sygera Mountain in southeast Tibet of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, 26 Hexing Road, Harbin 150040, China c DendroLab, Department: Solar activity Tree rings Schwabe cycle Wavelet analysis Tibetan Plateau a b s t r a c t Solar activity

  16. Lithospheric Electrical Structure across the Eastern Segment of the Altyn Tagh Fault on the Northern Margin of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    -detection of Ministry of Education, Beijing 100083, China 3 State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, Beijing 100083, China 4 Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada 5 geological features, the Tibetan Plateau has become the focus of studies on global change, geodynamics

  17. GEOLOGY, June 2009 515 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinger, Yann

    , at the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. Seismo- logical data indicate that the rupture initiated Tarim Basin INDIA ATF KF XF XJF RRF SagaingF JLF HF HFT Fig.1 I II III NCB SCB LTB CDSN USGS Harvard 08, NCB--North China block, RRF--Red River fault, SCB--South China block, XF--Xianshuihe fault, XJF

  18. A 28-ka history of sea surface temperature, primary productivity and planktonic community variability in the western Arabian Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resulted in deep convective mixing, cold SSTs and enhanced primary productivity. In contrast, postdeglacial the northern Indian Ocean and central Asia is a major feature of the Earth's climate. During summer Africa to the Indian subcontinent. As the Tibetan Plateau is heated, a gradient of temperature

  19. Folk Song 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tshe ring bsam 'grub

    entry) This song may be sung at any celebratory gathering. The lyrics state that one should prove oneself in the correct context, for example, a woman proves herself in her husbands household. ????????????????... , Qinghai Province. ???????????????????????????????? ??????? ? ???? ??? ?????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Language of recording A mdo Tibetan ???? last updated by World Oral Literature Project staff...

  20. The Grasslands of Inner Mongolia: A Special Feature Xingguo Han,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    The Grasslands of Inner Mongolia: A Special Feature Xingguo Han,1 Keith Owens,2 X. Ben Wu,1 adjacent to Mongolia to the southern Tibetan Plateau and consist of four major types: meadow steppes, typical steppes, desert steppes, and alpine steppes (Sun 2005; Kang et al. 2007). Inner Mongolia has 87

  1. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. (2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The global climate has become warmer over the last century and is projected to undergo further warming during climate change and its causes in these regions can be helpful for the early detection of global climate warming over the Tibetan Plateau has been primarily caused by increases in anthropogenic greenhouse

  2. Elemental compositions and monazite age patterns of core sediments in the Changjiang Delta: Implications for sediment provenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Shouye

    parameters of rare earth elements (cerium and europium anomalies) and elemental ratios Cr/Th, Nb/Co and Th rights reserved. Keywords: Changjiang; geochemistry; monazite; Tibetan Plateau; Quaternary 1 budget of the global ocean [1­8]. Furthermore, the basin mor- phology and regional fluvial patterns

  3. Tensile Hoop Behavior of Irradiated Zircaloy-4 Nuclear Fuel Cladding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaramillo, Roger A [ORNL; Hendrich, WILLIAM R [ORNL; Packan, Nicolas H [ORNL

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for evaluating the room temperature ductility behavior of irradiated Zircaloy-4 nuclear fuel cladding has been developed and applied to evaluate tensile hoop strength of material irradiated to different levels. The test utilizes a polyurethane plug fitted within a tubular cladding specimen. A cylindrical punch is used to compress the plug axially, which generates a radial displacement that acts upon the inner diameter of the specimen. Position sensors track the radial displacement of the specimen outer diameter as the compression proceeds. These measurements coupled with ram force data provide a load-displacement characterization of the cladding response to internal pressurization. The development of this simple, cost-effective, highly reproducible test for evaluating tensile hoop strain as a function of internal pressure for irradiated specimens represents a significant advance in the mechanical characterization of irradiated cladding. In this project, nuclear fuel rod assemblies using Zircaloy-4 cladding and two types of mixed uranium-plutonium oxide (MOX) fuel pellets were irradiated to varying levels of burnup. Fuel pellets were manufactured with and without thermally induced gallium removal (TIGR) processing. Fuel pellets manufactured by both methods were contained in fuel rod assemblies and irradiated to burnup levels of 9, 21, 30, 40, and 50 GWd/MT. These levels of fuel burnup correspond to fast (E > 1 MeV) fluences of 0.27, 0.68, 0.98, 1.4 and 1.7 1021 neutrons/cm2, respectively. Following irradiation, fuel rod assemblies were disassembled; fuel pellets were removed from the cladding; and the inner diameter of cladding was cleaned to remove residue materials. Tensile hoop strength of this cladding material was tested using the newly developed method. Unirradiated Zircaloy-4 cladding was also tested. With the goal of determining the effect of the two fuel types and different neutron fluences on clad ductility, tensile hoop strength tests were performed on cladding for these varying conditions. Experimental data revealed negligible performance differences for cladding containing TIGR vs non-TIGR processed fuel pellets. Irradiation hardening was observed in tensile hoop data as the strength of the cladding increased with increasing neutron dose and appeared to saturate for a fast fluence of 1.7 1021 neutrons/cm2.

  4. Sikkim and Himalayan Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sen, Jahar

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lama. 6 The merchandise imported from Sikkim to Darjeeling, as the report indicated, consisted of horses, cattle including sheep and goats. blankets. salt. musk. wax, ghee, oranges. millet, rice, lime and 11 copper. The imports in 1863 were nearly... would be exported to Sikkim and Tibet replacing brick tea imported from Lhasa and China. Trade was conducted in four routes in Sikkim : two via Namchee and Chadam to the Great Rangeet and two via Zeeme to Goke and Tramduc to Colbong. The Tibetan...

  5. Thermochronometric analysis of the North Lunggar Rift: Implications for the timing of extension initiation and structural style of deformation in southern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sundell, Kurt E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hager for use of the HeMP software. v TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE TITLE PAGE i ABSTRACT iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS v TABLE OF CONTENTS vi LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES x CHAPTER 1: Introduction 14... for Himalayan-Tibetan deformation 120 FIGURE 4. End member models for the development of the North Lunggar Rift 122 x FIGURE 5. Location and age of samples analyzed from the North Lunggar Rift 124 FIGURE 6. Age-elevation relationship (AER...

  6. Marginalisation of yak herders in Bhutan: can public policy generate new stabilities that can support the transformation of their skills and organisations? (Dervill M., Bonnemaire J.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    plains and the Tibetan plateau. The yak herders (less than 5% of the population) occupy the Northern belt, highland farming system, supply chain, public policy Résumé -- Le Bhoutan s'étend des plaines subtropicales céréales assurent la subsistance des éleveurs. Il y a 50 ans le Bhoutan était encore un état médiéval isolé

  7. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 32 Number 1 Number 1 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1996-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    fathomless compassion and dominant personality, he founded with the help of many Kagyudpa lamas, 240 Dharma Centres in the U.S.A., Canada, Europe, Latin America, India and Southeast Asia. His Guru and prominent avatars (incarnates) gave him special... . The rulers of these princedoms regarded the patronage of Buddhism as a matter of social prestige and means of political rivalry. Thus this period witnessed not only renewal but also renaissance of Tibetan Bud dhism. During this period the four major sects...

  8. Identification of the feature that causes the I-band secondary maximum of a type Ia supernova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jack, D; Hauschildt, P H

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtained a time series of spectra covering the secondary maximum in the I-band of the bright Type Ia supernova 2014J in M82 with the TIGRE telescope. Comparing the observations with theoretical models calculated with the time dependent extension of the PHOENIX code, we identify the feature that causes the secondary maximum in the I-band light curve. Fe II 3d6(3D)4s-3d6(5D)4p and similar high excitation transitions produce a blended feature at 7500 {\\AA}, which causes the rise of the light curve towards the secondary maximum. The series of observed spectra of SN 2014J and archival data of SN 2011fe confirm this conclusion. We further studied the plateau phase of the Rband light curve of SN 2014J and searched for features which contribute to the flux. The theoretical models do not clearly indicate a new feature that may cause the Rband plateau phase. However, Co II features in the range of 6500 - 7000 {\\AA} and the Fe II feature of the I-band are clearly seen in the theoretical spectra, but do not appear to ...

  9. Ten Priceless Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Nirmal Chandra

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ") would sell easily for Rs. 2500/- in Cal cutta and we were not interested to cheat him. The Tibetan refugee said "I know that your scholar friends, Indian or American, may pay even Rs. 5000/-. But I want a proper custody for my house hold icon which... Handed figure on Lotus Seat would bear out. Vide Plate Six . TARA Plate Seven depicts three icons of Tara (Dol rna), two in brass and one in sacred clay. The brass pieces are 3 inches and 4 inches high and the clay one 2 inches. The clay piece...

  10. Statuary Metals in Tibet and the Himalayas: History, Tradition and Modern Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bue, Erberto Lo

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the remaining ones being wood, stone, clay, papier-mtkh~ and ivory. As it was not always possible to distinguish with certainty betwen Tibetan and Nepalese images, owing to the activities of Newar sculptors in all parts of Tibet for many centuries, some... as not to exhaust the supply, but the people of sNye-mo also picked up loose bits on the mining site in order to sell them for their own gain (Ronge. 1978: 148). 'Jam-dpal-rdo-rje specifically mentions "malachi tel! (Tib.: spang) and "azurite" (Tib...

  11. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 27 Numbers 1-3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1991-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    them for publication in this paper. Of the 378 free-standing statues examined, 331 were of metal, the remaining ones being wood, stone, clay, papier-mtkh~ and ivory. As it was not always possible to distinguish with certainty betwen Tibetan... administratiOn mined the colourful minerals only once a year. apparently so as not to exhaust the supply, but the people of sNye-mo also picked up loose bits on the mining site in order to sell them for their own gain (Ronge. 1978: 148). 'Jam...

  12. Migration, Adaptation and Socio-cultural Change: The Case of the Thakalis in Pokhara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chhetri, Ram B

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    seml pelmanent move: still seasonal but many of them now had some kind of "winter living p,lace" in the lowlands. In this stage many Thakalis established' Bhaltis" (inns and restaurants) along the trails during the winter months and many of them... others including recently resettled Tibetan refugees (Table 2). the number who reportedly Thakali as their mother tongue in the 1981 census. Table 1: Distribution of the speakers of Thakali as mother tongue . diff< Zo fNib al d b 'd 1981m erent nes 0 eoa...

  13. Bon-The Primitive Religion of Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Anukul Chandra

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and in certain parts still extant". Jaschke3 holds the view that Bon is the nameQf the early religion of Tibet, concerning which but very imperfect acqounts are existing; so much is certain that sorcery was the principl~feature of it. 1. Encyclopaedia ot... Religion and ethics. 333. 2. P.879. 3. A Tibetan-English Dictlonary-P. 372, 1 When Buddhism became the religion of State. the former was considered heretical and condemnable and Lha-cos and bon-cos, or shorter cos and bon, were placed in opposition...

  14. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 17 Number 4 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1981-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    CONTENTS 1. Bon-The Primitive Religion of Tibet 1 Dr. Anukul Chandra Banerjee ~ 2. Lamaism in Tibet- A Brief Survey 19 t" B. Ghosh 3. Functions and Activities of SRITOBS 23 4. Publications of SRITOBS 1-6 Bon-The Primitive Religion of Tibet Prof... of incantation. The word Chos which ordinarily means religion is used as antithesis to Bon. Bon signifies the kind of Shamanism which was followed by Tibetans before the introduction of Buddhism and in certain parts still extant". Jaschke3 holds the view...

  15. Tax Measurement and Lag'don Tax

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surkhang, Wangchen

    1966-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    ). 2. These districts are: gnya' nang, skyid grong, rong shar, rdf,(lng dza', shtl dkar, glint skyes. ~. The Full Assembly consists of: all the government officials exeept the Regent and the Ministers of State (bka' blon); all the acting and retired... TAX MEASUREMENT AND LAG'DON TAX -WANGCHEN SURlCHANG Since in any discussion of taxes (in Tibetan: khrl) aD understanding of the units involved is a prerequisite, I Ihall describe these before dealing with the actual taxes. The basic unit...

  16. The Exploits of Sman shads mythical founder, Dge rab shad po can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    in archive entry) This oral history account describes the exploits of Sman shads mythical founder, Dge rab shad po can. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Oral history. Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma... Date of recording November 17th 2009. Place of recording Ra'i kha , Mda ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Dben zen, born 1940 Ra'i...

  17. The Sun of the Heart and the Bai-ro-rgyud-'bum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapstein, Matthew T

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power of awareness (rig-pai rtsal-dbang bco-brgyad) according to the Ka?-thog tradition, and enumerates a lineage of the Rdzogs-chen sems-sde stemming from Ka?-thog (704.2-5) that passes from Dga-rab-rdo-rje through Maju?r?mitra, Dha-he-ta-la, Go... -sde, mang-ngag-gi sdeap- pears to originate in the tantras of the latter category and is unknown to the other sys- tems of Rdzogs-chen. A single reference to the threefold classification in the rnam-thar of Tibetan Studies in honour of Samten Karmay 284...

  18. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 1 Number 2 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1964-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    quick effects anCil helped many saints to realize the Truth. It also conferred many supernatural powers on many adepts who could not rise up to the highest spiritual stage. Many of these succumbed to the worldly temptations and indulged in drinks... camp whereas "Tamang" means rla-mang or cavalry. This etymo logy is much subject to dispute but no final explanation has been found yet. 4. Western Tibetan Dialects: they are divided into two sub.groups the Toke (stod-skad) or language of Upper...

  19. That he may take due pride in the empire to which he belongs': the education of Maharajah Kumar Sideon Namgyal Tulku of Sikkim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Alex

    , where I could mix with the boys in their games and outdoor life .... [and] ... [d]uring the vacation ... a walking tour in England and Wales might be taken.' In addition, the Kumar added a new proposal, that after leaving England he undertake a six... former prejudices had been removed. It was, he said, a great pity that so few Tibetan officials ever left their own country, for that nowadays without some knowledge of the outside world it is not possible for a country to advance or prosper...

  20. Casting of Devotional Images in the Himalayas: History, Tradition and Modern Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bue, Erberto Lo

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -,ic cr'Jcible 20 C'II high and 16 cn in external dia~eter. These crucib:es are imported from India a~d are used especially for casting copper. Firing the mould and melting the copper 5.40 p.m. The fire in t!1e kiln is reactlvated .... ith paper, dry... imported from China to ~epal in the 18th century) partially destroys the gilding, but gives the efrect of mild corrosion which successfully dupes ma~y'buyers of Tibetan and Himalayan a~tique5. Finally vermilion and other ritual substances may be smeared...

  1. Milking Song 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    milking song and discusses where and why such songs are sung. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Milking song Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 10th 2009. Place of recording Ci jo... Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. Name(s), age, sex, place of birth of performer(s) Bo nyed. Female. Born 1954. Ci jo Village, Phu ma Township, Sde dge County, Dkar mdzes...

  2. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  3. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  4. The current municipal solid waste management situation in Tibet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang Jianguo [Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing (China)], E-mail: byshoulder@gmail.com; Lou Zhiying; Ng Silo [Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing (China); Luobu Ciren; Ji Duo [Tibet Energy Resources Research and Demonstration Center, 100085 Lhasa (China)

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tibetan Plateau has an average altitude of more than 4,000 m. The total area of Tibetan Plateau is 2,400,000 km{sup 2}, which occupies 25% of the area of China. Due to the high altitude, the environment has low atmospheric pressure, low oxygen content, and low temperature, and is also fragile. Investigations concerning MSW generation and characteristics, MSW management, collection and transportation, and treatment and disposal of MSW covered four representative cities, including the urban areas of Lhasa city, Shigatse, Nedong of Lhoka and Bayi of Nyingtri. The results show that MSW generation in the urban areas of Lhasa city and Tibet were 450 t/d and 3,597 t/d, respectively, in 2006. However, accelerated economic development and flourishing tourism caused by the opening of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway (QTR) have greatly increased solid waste generation to a new high. It is predicted that MSW generation in Tibet will reach 4,026 t/d in 2010 and 4,942 t/d in 2020. MSW management and disposal lag behind MSW generation due to a number of factors such as equipment shortage, insufficient maintenance, exhaustion of waste treatment capacity and low recycling efficiency. Still, MSW in most areas is dumped in the open with no controls. Because no appropriate collection and treatment systems for leachate and landfill gas exist, untreated leachate is discharged directly into the environment, causing serious secondary pollution. Some suggestions on improving the MSW management system are presented in this paper.

  5. Regional Modeling of Dust Mass Balance and Radiative Forcing over East Asia using WRF-Chem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Siyu; Zhao, Chun; Qian, Yun; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Huang, J.; Huang, Zhongwei; Bi, Jianrong; Zhang, Wu; Shi, Jinsen; Yang, Lei; Li, Deshuai; Li, Jinxin

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Weather Research and Forecasting model with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) is used to investigate the seasonal and annual variations of mineral dust over East Asia during 2007-2011, with a focus on the dust mass balance and radiative forcing. A variety of measurements from in-stu and satellite observations have been used to evaluate simulation results. Generally, WRF-Chem reproduces not only the column variability but also the vertical profile and size distribution of mineral dust over and near the dust source regions of East Asia. We investigate the dust lifecycle and the factors that control the seasonal and spatial variations of dust mass balance and radiative forcing over the seven sub-regions of East Asia, i.e. source regions, the Tibetan Plateau, Northern China, Southern China, the ocean outflow region, and Korea-Japan regions. Results show that, over the source regions, transport and dry deposition are the two dominant sinks. Transport contributes to ~30% of the dust sink over the source regions. Dust results in a surface cooling of up to -14 and -10 W m-2, atmospheric warming of up to 20 and 15 W m-2, and TOA cooling of -5 and -8 W m-2 over the two major dust source regions of East Asia, respectively. Over the Tibetan Plateau, transport is the dominant source with a peak in summer. Over identified outflow regions, maximum dust mass loading in spring is contributed by the transport. Dry and wet depositions are the comparably dominant sinks, but wet deposition is larger than dry deposition over the Korea-Japan region, particularly in spring (70% versus 30%). The WRF-Chem simulations can generally capture the measured features of dust aerosols and its radaitve properties and dust mass balance over East Asia, which provides confidence for use in further investigation of dust impact on climate over East Asia.

  6. Global analysis of genetic variation in human arsenic (+ 3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujihara, Junko [Department of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Izumo, Shimane (Japan); Soejima, Mikiko [Department of Forensic Medicine and Human Genetics, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Fukuoka (Japan); Yasuda, Toshihiro [Division of Medical Genetics and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Eiheiji-cho, Fukui (Japan); Koda, Yoshiro [Department of Forensic Medicine and Human Genetics, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Fukuoka (Japan); Agusa, Tetsuro [Department of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Izumo, Shimane (Japan); Kunito, Takashi [Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, Matsumoto, Nagano (Japan); Tongu, Miki; Yamada, Takaya [Department of Experimental Animals, Center for Integrated Research in Science, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Izumo (Japan); Takeshita, Haruo, E-mail: htakeshi@med.shimane-u.ac.j [Department of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Izumo, Shimane (Japan)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Human arsenic (+ 3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT) is known to catalyze the methylation of arsenite. The objective of this study was to investigate the diversity of the AS3MT gene at the global level. The distribution of 18 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in AS3MT was performed in 827 individuals from 10 populations (Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Mongolian, Tibetans, Sri Lankan Tamils, Sri Lankan Sinhalese, Nepal Tamangs, Ovambo, and Ghanaian). In the African populations, the A allele in A6144T was not observed; the allele frequencies of C35587 were much lower than those in other populations; the allele frequencies of A37616 and C37950 were relatively higher than those in other populations. Among Asian populations, Mongolians showed a different genotype distribution pattern. A lower C3963 and T6144 frequencies were observed, and, in the C37616A and T37950C polymorphism, the Mongolian population showed higher A37616 and C37950 allele frequencies than other Asian populations, similarly to the African populations. A total of 66 haplotypes were observed in the Ovambo, 48, in the Ghanaian, 99, in the Japanese, 103, in the Korean, 103, in the South Chinese, 20, in the Sri Lankan Tamil, 12, in the Sri Lankan Sinhalese, 21, in the Nepal Tamang, 50, in the Tibetan, and 45, in the Mongolian populations. The D' values between the SNP pairs were extremely high in the Sri Lankan Sinhalese population. Relatively higher D' values were observed in Mongolian and Sri Lankan Tamil populations. Network analysis showed two clusters that may have different origins, African and Asians (Chinese and/or Japanese). The present study is the first to demonstrate the existence of genetic heterogeneity in a world wide distribution of 18 SNPs in AS3MT.

  7. Light-absorbing Particles in Snow and Ice: Measurement and Modeling of Climatic and Hydrological Impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qian, Yun; Yasunari, Teppei J.; Doherty, Sarah J.; Flanner, M. G.; Lau, William K.; Ming, J.; Wang, Hailong; Wang, Mo; Warren, Stephen G.; Zhang, Rudong

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Light absorbing particles (LAP, e.g., black carbon, brown carbon, and dust) influence water and energy budgets of the atmosphere and snowpack in multiple ways. In addition to their effects associated with atmospheric heating by absorption of solar radiation and interactions with clouds, LAP in snow on land and ice can reduce the surface reflectance (a.k.a., surface darkening), which is likely to accelerate the snow aging process and further reduces snow albedo and increases the speed of snowpack melt. LAP in snow and ice (LAPSI) has been identified as one of major forcings affecting climate change, e.g. in the fourth and fifth assessment reports of IPCC. However, the uncertainty level in quantifying this effect remains very high. In this review paper, we document various technical methods of measuring LAPSI and review the progress made in measuring the LAPSI in Arctic, Tibetan Plateau and other mid-latitude regions. We also report the progress in modeling the mass concentrations, albedo reduction, radiative forcing, andclimatic and hydrological impact of LAPSI at global and regional scales. Finally we identify some research needs for reducing the uncertainties in the impact of LAPSI on global and regional climate and the hydrological cycle.