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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tibet jiangxi shanxi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Tibet Train  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Broadcast Transcript: They said it couldn't be done! The terrain was too barren, the mountains too lofty, the task too ambitious. But the Railroad at the Top of the World linking China with Tibet is proceeding apace. Not ...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

2

Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Place Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, China Sector Wind energy Product A China-based mining company for rare earth metals used in wind power generators. References Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd is a company located in Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, China . References ↑ "Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Jiangxi_Jinli_Permanent_Magnet_Technology_Co_Ltd&oldid=347439

3

Shanxi Milestone Biomass Energy Development Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shanxi Milestone Biomass Energy Development Co Ltd Shanxi Milestone Biomass Energy Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Shanxi Milestone Biomass Energy Development Co Ltd Place China Sector Biomass Product China-based biomass project developer. References Shanxi Milestone Biomass Energy Development Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Shanxi Milestone Biomass Energy Development Co Ltd is a company located in China . References ↑ "Shanxi Milestone Biomass Energy Development Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Shanxi_Milestone_Biomass_Energy_Development_Co_Ltd&oldid=350885" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations

4

Shanxi Zhangze Power Inner Mongolia Subsidiary | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name: Shanxi Zhangze Power Inner Mongolia Subsidiary Place: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product: A wind power project developer....

5

Jiangxi Gemei Science and Technology Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gemei Science and Technology Inc Gemei Science and Technology Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Jiangxi Gemei Science and Technology Inc Place Fuzhou, Jiangxi Province, China Sector Solar Product Jiangxi Gemei Science and Technology plans to open its vertically integrated solar facility using a turnkey solution from Spire. Coordinates 26.070999°, 119.303223° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.070999,"lon":119.303223,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

Jiangxi Solar PV Corp JSPV aka Solar PV Corporation | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar PV Corp JSPV aka Solar PV Corporation Solar PV Corp JSPV aka Solar PV Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Jiangxi Solar PV Corp (JSPV, aka Solar PV Corporation ) Place Xinyu, Jiangxi Province, China Zip 338004 Sector Solar Product Xinyu-based producer of solar cells Coordinates 27.804001°, 114.923317° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.804001,"lon":114.923317,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

7

Retrofit Project of 2100 MW Units in Yushe Power Plant, Shanxi Province Using Two Boilers-One CFB FGD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper takes the example of the retrofit of 2100 MW units of Yushe Power Plant in Shanxi Province, and summarizes the applications of circulation fluid bed flue gas desulphurization (CFB-FGD) adopted two bo...

Lin Fulin; Lian Egui

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

A study on coalbed methane reserve of Shanxi: Hedong coalfield reserve and its utilization  

SciTech Connect

Coalbed gas, i.e. coalbed methane, is considered an unconventional gas, formed during coal accumulation and preserved in coal seams. In the past, coalbed gas was considered a major hazard factor to the safety of mining and caused countless explosive events and great losses to the enterprises and even to the country. Early in 1960s and 70s, it was recognized that coalbed gas could be utilized as an energy resource and collected through tunnels in China. In 1995, the output of tunnel gas reached 500Mm{sup 3}, however, surface pumping is still at its beginning stage, test and appraisal; so far, no commercial development is being carried out in China. Hedong coalfield, situated in the west of Shanxi province and bordered by the Yellow River in the northwest and outcrop seams in the southeast, is 540km long (N-S) and 10--40 km wide (E-W) and covers an area of 17,000 km{sup 2} across 13 counties of Xinzou, Luliang, Linfen and Yuncheng prefectures. It is the No. 2 coalfield in Shanxi province and the well-known base of excellent coking coal and power coal in China. Hedong coalfield is not only rich in coal resource, but also in coalbed methane. This paper describes the geology of the coalfield (including structure, magmatic activity, coal seams and coal grade); the regularity of coalbed methane occurrence in the Hedong coalfield; the calculation of coalbed methane resource; and the use of coalbed methane for motor fuels and chemicals production. The total resource is 1468.93Gm{sup 3}. The production of motor fuels can be realized by the following processes: (a) synthetic methanol as substitute of gasoline; (b) F-T synthesis for synthetic gasoline and diesel oil; (c) Compressed natural gas as motor fuel; and (d) Liquefied natural gas as motor fuel. The production of organic chemicals is suggested with the following technology: (a) Two-stage steam reforming to convert methane to synthetic gas various organic chemicals can be produced therefrom; (b) Partial oxidation of methane to produce synthesis gas and acetylene; (c) Coalbed methane to produce hydrogen cyanide and chloromethanes; and (d) Coalbed methane to produce acrylonitrile, acetylene, ethylene, propylene and butylenes.

Kong, X.; Fan, R.; Hu, Y.; Wang, M.; Wang, M.; Chen, Z.; Li, M.; Peng, S. [Taiyuan Ke-jin Technology Development Service (China)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

9

Tectonics of the Himalaya and southern Tibet from two perspectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Afghanistan. The first detailed observations of the complex geology of this zone were made by Augusto Gansser during two surreptitious expeditions into the Kingdom of Tibet in the late 1930s (Heim and Gansser, 1939). Gansser recognized massive allochthonous...

10

Tibet Huaguan Tech Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tibet Huaguan Tech Co Ltd Tibet Huaguan Tech Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Tibet Huaguan Tech Co Ltd Place Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China Zip 610000 Sector Solar Product Chengdu-based manufacturer of solar products. Coordinates 30.67°, 104.071022° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.67,"lon":104.071022,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

11

Feasibility studies on net zero energy building for climate considering: A case of All Green House for Datong, Shanxi, China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper will discuss the feasibility of a net zero energy house design targeting for energy balance, financial and environmental sustainability from the initial planning to the final construction for Northern China. A residential house as an experimental objective, which could satisfy an average family's daily needs are in Datong, Shanxi Province in China. Dynamic thermal simulation of the indoor environment, house geometries, solar electric and hot-water collectors, appliances are set in the house. After analysis of the integrated performance of the house, a net zero energy building with the best system configuration predicted by hardware and software simulation are validated. Furthermore, the house is precisely energy monitored and energy controlled after construction. The case study shows that the innovation of a net zero building should be considered as a technological improvement and with a social approval by the occupants of the house.

Y. Jin; L. Wang; Y. Xiong; H. Cai; Y.H. Li; W.J. Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

The Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950: an analysis of the American response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Republic and allotted seats to Tibet in the National Assembly. He also sent a mili- 33 tery mission into Tibet to restore control, but it was checked by Tibetan forces. The British vigorously pro- tested China's sending of troops to Tibet... recognition of its "de facto" independent status through the United Nations, but her attempts were unsuccessful. In the absence of a United Nations hearing, the Tibetans, defeated militarily and diplomatically, signed a seventeen point agreement...

Murry, Ellen Theresa

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

13

Dissipation of fast strike-slip faulting within and beyond northeastern Tibet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...strike-slip faulting within and beyond northeastern Tibet Alison R. Duvall and Marin K. Clark Department of Geological Sciences...Arnaud N., Wittlinger G., Jingsui Y. 2001, Oblique step wise rise and growth of the Tibet Plateau: Science, v. 294, p...

Alison R. Duvall; Marin K. Clark

14

E-Print Network 3.0 - area northern tibet Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GSA, or editing@geos Summary: the South Tibet detachment can be traced from Nepal to this area, its westward extension is poorly defined... ) and termina- tion in the...

15

Partial melting zones in the crust in southern Tibet from magnetotelluric results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... resistivity will reflect several thermally related processes. Indeed the Tibetan Plateau is characterized by strong geothermal activity4 with more than 600 hydrothermal areas, of which 70% are concentrated in southern ... areas, of which 70% are concentrated in southern Tibet in the so-called 'Himalayan geothermal belt' (HGB) along both sides of the YZS zone5. So far, 11 ...

Van Ngoc Pham; Danile Boyer; Pierre Therme; Xue Cheng Yuan; Li Li; Guo Yuan Jin

1986-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

16

Thermochronologic constraints on the late Cenozoic exhumation history of the Gurla Mandhata metamorphic core complex, Southwestern Tibet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How the Tibetan plateau is geodynamically linked to the Himalayas is a topic receiving considerable attention. The Karakoram fault plays key roles in describing the structural relationship between southern Tibet and the ...

McCallister, Andrew T.; Taylor, Michael H.; Murphy, M. A.; Styron, Richard H.; Stockli, Daniel F.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 95, No. 3, pp. 12021208, June 2005, doi: 10.1785/0120040098 Broadband Seismic Noise Analysis of the Himalayan Nepal Tibet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, doi: 10.1785/0120040098 Broadband Seismic Noise Analysis of the Himalayan Nepal Tibet Seismic at sites to stabilize after deployment noise as part of the Himalayan Nepal Tibet Seismic Experiment (HIMNT seismometer deployed in Nepal and Tibet and then compared them with the high-noise model and low-noise Model

Sheehan, Anne F.

18

The geochemistry of platinum group elements in marine oil shaleA case study from the Bilong Co oil shale, northern Tibet, China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Bilong Co oil shale zone is located in the South Qiangtang depression. This zone, together with the Shengli River-Changshe Mountain oil shale zone in the North Qiangtang depression, northern Tibet plateau, represents the potentially largest marine oil shale resource in China. Seventeen samples including oil shale and micritic limestone were collected from the Bilong Co oil shale area to determine the concentrations, distribution patterns, occurrences and origins of platinum group elements (PGEs) in marine oil shale. The oil shale samples from the Bilong Co area exhibit very low total PGE contents ranging from 1.04 to 2.96ng/g with a weighted mean value of 1.686ng/g, while the micritic limestone samples from the Bilong Co area exhibit a little lower PGE value ranging from 0.413 to 1.11ng/g. \\{PGEs\\} in oil shale samples are characterized by high contents in Pd (average 0.79ng/g), Os (average 0.123ng/g) and Pt (average 0.644ng/g) compared with Ru (average 0.068ng/g), Rh (average 0.033ng/g) and Ir (average 0.026ng/g). The highest values for individual \\{PGEs\\} are not uniformly distributed in the section. Clearly, the \\{PGEs\\} are generally enriched in the oil shale samples near the boundary between micritic limestone and oil shale. The individual \\{PGEs\\} in oil shale samples from the Bilong Co area exhibit various modes of occurrence. Ruthenium and Pt occur mainly in pyrite, while Pd is associated mainly with organic matter and Mg-minerals. Rhodium and Os are controlled mainly by pyrite and organic matter. Iridium is present mainly in other Fe-bearing minerals, rather than pyrite. The \\{PGEs\\} in the Bilong Co oil shale are mainly of seawater origin and possibly influenced by terrigenous supply.

Xiugen Fu; Jian Wang; Yuhong Zeng; Fuwen Tan; Chen Wenbing; Xinglei Feng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

The fault-controlled skarn WMo polymetallic mineralization during the main IndiaEurasia collision: Example from Hahaigang deposit of Gangdese metallogenic belt of Tibet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Hahaigang WMo polymetallic skarn deposit is located in the central-eastern part of Gangdese tectono-magmatic belt in Lhasa terrane, Tibet. The deposit was discovered in 2007 with currently proven 46milliontons of WO3 ores, 12milliontons of Mo ores, and 1.31milliontons of combined CuPbZn ores, at an average grade of 0.20% WO3, 0.07% Mo, 0.026% Cu, 0.49% Pb, and 3.1% Zn. Ore bodies occur in veins or disseminations, and are confined within the NE-striking Dalong fault zone which is hosted by the Lower-Permian Pangna Group of dominantly quartz sandstone and slate. Several granitic plutons are exposed in the area or known from drill-holes. Ages of these granitic plutons are determined by using zircon UPb LAICPMS method. For example, the biotite monzogranite yields a 206Pb/238U207Pb/238U concordia age of 58.660.90Ma and a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 57.020.42Ma. The granite porphyry yields a 206Pb/238U207Pb/238U concordia age of 109.18.9Ma and a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 114.02.6Ma. The biotite monzogranite yields a weighted mean 206Pb/238U age of 56.11.1Ma. ReOs isochron age of 63.23.2Ma from 5 molybdenite samples collected from the WMo skarn ores is also obtained in this study. The zircon UPb and molybdenite ReOs geochronological data suggest that the WMo mineralization was not temporally associated with any of the dated igneous plutons. However, the molybdenite ReOs age of 63.23.2Ma indicates that the WMo mineralization might have occurred during the main IndiaEurasia collision that was initiated around 65Ma. Microprobe analysis of ilvaite that occurs in two generations in the WMo skarn ores reveals a close relationship to CaFeF-rich hydrothermal fluids, which were probably derived from deeply-seated magmas. We suggest that ascent of the fluids was strictly controlled by the ore-controlling Dalong fault zone, and that chemical interaction and metasomatism between the fluids and the Lower-Permian Pangna quartz-feldspathic host rocks produced the ilvaite and the WMo polymetallic skarn deposit during the main IndiaEurasia collision. Although the majority of the polymetallic deposits in the Gangdese belt are reported to be either pre- or post-main collision, it is evident from this study that the main collision also produced WMo polymetallic mineralization within the belt.

Xiaofeng Li; Chunzeng Wang; Wei Mao; Qinghong Xu; Yaohui Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Molecular Characterization of Multidrug- and Extensively Drug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains in Jiangxi, China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...technologies such as the line probe assay or...print 2 May 2012 Supplemental material for...acetyltransferase eis confers kanamycin...et al . 2009. Transmission of MDR and XDR...pone.0004370 . Supplemental material Supplemental...file, 41K. Supplemental file 1 Molecular...to the first-line antituberculous...

Xiaoliang Yuan; Tiantuo Zhang; Kazuyoshi Kawakami; Jiaxin Zhu; Hongtao Li; Jianping Lei; Shaohua Tu

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tibet jiangxi shanxi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

High heat flow in southern Tibet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... rate from fission track analyses in Himalayan rocks3. The Tibetan plateau is characterized by strong geothermal activity with numerous boiling springs, ... activity with numerous boiling springs, hot springs and even geysers scattered over most of its area4. Because the rheology of ...

Jean Francheteau; Claude Jaupart; Shen Xian Jie; Kang Wen-Hua; Lee De-Lu; Bai Jia-Chi; Wei Hung-Pin; Deng Hsia-Yeu

1984-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

22

Late Cenozoic uplift of southeastern Tibet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent field work and DEM analysis show that remnant, local areas of a low-relief land scape (or "erosion surface") are geographically continuous across the southeastern Tibetan Plateau margin and can be correlated in order ...

Clark, Marin Kristen, 1973-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Incidents of Travel in China and Tibet Jerry R. Hobbs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Dulles Airport. It turned out we were on the same plane flying from Washington back to San Francisco. I International about ten years ago, not as I do in the Artificial Intelligence Center, but in the management't really believe it would happen until I saw her at the airport. She gave me several books, including

Hobbs, Jerry R.

24

The Late Cenozoic tectonic evolution of Gurla Mandhata, Southwest Tibet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mean fault slip rate of 5.00.9 mm/yr. The central transect modeling results show an initiation age from 14-11 Ma with a mean fault slip rate of 3.30.6 mm/yr. The southern transect modeling results show an initiation age from 15-8 Ma with a mean fault...

McCallister, Andrew T.

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

25

The Kangmar Dome: A Metamorphic Core Complex in Southern Xizang (Tibet)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...831 ( 1986 ). PLATT, J.P., EXTENSIONAL STRUCTURES IN ANISOTROPIC ROCKS, JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY 2 : 397 ( 1980 ). SCHARER...Permian system, overlain by unmetamor-phosed sandstones and shales of Triassic age. Thermobarometric studies of mineral as-semblages...

Z. Chen; Y. Liu; K. V. Hodges; B. C. Burchfiel; L. H. Royden; C. Deng

1990-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

26

Deformation, erosion and sedimentation in collisional orogens : case studies from eastern Tibet and southwestern China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation addresses aspects of the tectonics of regions adjacent to the eastern Himalayan syntaxis. The first chapter describes the Tertiary Gonjo basin, includes structural and sedimentologic observations, and ...

Studnicki-Gizbert, Christopher Terrance

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Geologic Evolution of Northern Tibet: Results of an Expedition to Ulugh Muztagh  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Deformation in the Ayak Kum Kol Basin Whereas we saw no evidence for...significant in the Ayak Kum Kol basin (Fig. 2), which had been...detail (3). The Ayak Kum Kol basin, 375 km long and 125 km wide...on folded Ordovician to early Permian rocks. The age ofthe oldest...

PETER MOLNAR; B. CLARK BURCHFIEL; ZHAO ZIYUN; LIANG K'UANGYI; WANG SHUJI; HUANG MINMIN

1987-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

28

Partially Molten Middle Crust Beneath Southern Tibet: Synthesis of Project INDEPTH Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, J. Booker, M. Unsworth, W. S. F. Kidd, M. Hauck, D. Alsdorf, A. Ross, M. Cogan, Changde Wu, E, Uni- versity of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. W. S. F. Kidd and M. Edwards, Department of Geo. Nelson,* Wenjin Zhao, L. D. Brown, J. Kuo, Jinkai Che, Xianwen Liu, S. L. Klemperer, Y. Makovsky, R

Jones, Alan G.

29

E-Print Network 3.0 - au tibet oriental Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

California Institute of Technology Collection: Geosciences 25 Journal of the Nepal Geological Society, Volume 38, Dec. 2008 1 EARTHQUAKES AND CRUSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE...

30

Anfu Guanshan Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co.,Ltd Place: Jiangxi Province, China Zip: 343009 Sector: Hydro Product: China-based small hydro project developer. References: Anfu Guanshan Hydropower Development Co.,Ltd1...

31

Adapting the Buddha's Biographies: A Cultural History of the Wish-Fulfilling Vine in Tibet, Seventeenth to Eighteenth Centuries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?uddhodanas son for poisoned food. When [the Buddha] sat onby the queen and fed poisonous food. 9. Jyoti?ka, khyim bdagand warns ?B that the food is poisoned). - 8.5: ?B relates a

Lin, Nancy Grace

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

E-Print Network 3.0 - area guizhou province Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and John Gibson Summary: exporting Provinces in 2006 included Shanxi, 43 billion KWh (coal based); Guizhou 36 billion KWh (coal based... driving demand and supply. The final...

33

Shaanxi Green Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shaanxi Green Energy Place: Xianyang, Shanxi Province, China Sector: Geothermal energy Product: A project SPV company which operates a geothermal district heating system in...

34

A Convenient One-Pot Procedure for the Synthesis of 2-Aryl Quinazolines Using Active MnO2 as Oxidant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Green Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330022, China b,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinazolines, have been prepared in solvent-free [29] and a number of solvents, including benzene or xylene reaction. Among the VC 2010 HeteroCorporation 1240 Vol 47 #12;solvents we screened, we found CHCl3 or H2O

Shen, Jun

35

The Key Coal Producers ONLINE SUPPORTING MATERIALS to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Shaanxi and Shanxi together accounted for 83 percent of China's proven coal reserves in 2000, and Shanxi is not considered reserves [8]. Of China's forecasted coal reserves, a broader category than proven reserves, only January 13, 2011 #12;shown in Figures 1 and 2. The production data for anthracite, bituminous and lignite

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

36

Mid-short-term risk assessment of power systems considering impact of external environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The case study using the real data of Jiangxi provincial power grid shows that ... of the entire system. Furthermore, ignoring the outage correlation of transmission lines in the disaster area would largely under...

Ning Zhang; Chongqing Kang; Jingkun Liu

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Thermochronometric analysis of the North Lunggar Rift: Implications for the timing of extension initiation and structural style of deformation in southern Tibet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.09 Transect 2 LNG0409 5336 31.42470 83.51310 4.0 0.24 4.6 0.37 LNG0209 4942 31.43337 83.55980 2.9 0.17 3.5 0.28 LNG0109 4880 31.43743 83.56670 2.7 0.23 3.4 0.58 Detrital MT06170601 31.68391 83.59858 MT06170602 31.69093 83.58551 42 Table 1. Summary of apatite...-Th)/He Replicate Analysis Sample Age (Ma) error (Ma) U (ppm) Th (ppm) 147Sm (ppm) Th/U He (nmol/g) mass (?g) Ft ESR (?m) StdDev LNG0109-1 2.7 0.2 24.0 8.0 27.1 0.3 0.2 1.4 0.6 38.2 LNG0109-2 3.0 0.2 19.0 12.4 84.0 0.7 0.3 4.7 0.7 58.3 LNG0109-3 2.6 0.2 17.8 7.7 10...

Sundell, Kurt Eric

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Evidence for constriction and Pliocene acceleration of east-west extension in the North Lunggar rift region of west central Tibet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pliocene rates as high as >400C?Ma?1 and 410?mm?a?1. Footwall isotherms were significantly compressed during rapid exhumation resulting in an elevated transient geothermal gradient between 50 and 90C?km?1. The minimum magnitude of horizontal extension...

Sundell, Kurt E.; Taylor, Michael H.; Styron, Richard H.; Stockli, Daniel F.; Kapp, Paul; Hager, Christian; Liu, Deliang; Ding, Lin

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

39

Minerals and potentially hazardous trace elements in marine oil shale: new insights from the Shengli River North surface mine, northern Tibet, China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Shengli RiverChangshe Mountain oil shale zone, including the Changliang MountainShengli River oil shale, the Shengli River North oil shale, and the Changshe Mountain oil shale, represents potentially the la...

Xiugen Fu; Jian Wang; Fuwen Tan; Xinglei Feng

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

ENDOLITHIC HALOPHILES FOUND IN EVAPORITE SALTS ON TIBET PLATEAU AS A POTENTIAL ANALOG FOR MARTIAN LIFE IN SALINE ENVIRONMENT. F. J. Kong1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of arid region were found and investigated. They showed that halite rocks are colonized by Chroococ at the surface. The major salts within crusts are halite and gypsum. Mg-sulfates with different hydration degrees

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tibet jiangxi shanxi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Karo-la Decollement, southern Tibet a Himalayan extensional structure domed by emplacement of the Late Miocene Karo-La Granite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Geosciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204 References Cogan, M.J., K.D. Nelson, W.S.F. Kidd, and C, T.M., P. Copeland, W.S.F. Kidd, and O. Lovera, 1995. Activation of the Nyainqentanghla shear zone: implications for uplift of the southern Tibetan Plateau. Tectonics, 14, 658-676. Kidd, W.S.F., M. Edwards, Y

Kidd, William S. F.

42

Inclination shallowing in Eocene Linzizong sedimentary rocks from Southern Tibet: correction, possible causes and implications for reconstructing the IndiaAsia collision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and thin-layered lime-mudstones and thick...from Unit T2, green diamond: this research...level is 92 m. (f) Green laminated mudstone...feldspar and opaque minerals. (l) Sedimentary...organic-bearing green mudstones, which...slightly altered to clay minerals and calcite. The......

Wentao Huang; Guillaume Dupont-Nivet; Peter C. Lippert; Douwe J. J. van Hinsbergen; Erwan Hallot

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Miocene initiation and acceleration of extension in the South Lunggar rift, western Tibet: Evolution of an active detachment system from structural mapping and (U-Th)/He thermochronology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assump- tions about the thermal state of the crust, particularly that the geothermal gradient is constant with depth and does not change during faulting, and radiogenic heating is not signifi- cant. These assumptions have been shown to be inaccurate... geotherms; these complications have to be well constrained [e.g., Stockli et al., 2002], or ignored. Furthermore, simple regression lines are rarely weighted by age uncertainty, thereby failing to take this important age information into account. [9...

Styron, Richard H.; Taylor, Michael H.; Sundell, Kurt E.; Stockli, Daniel F.; Oalmann, Jeffrey A. G.; Mö ller, Andreas; McCallister, Andrew T.; Liu, Deliang

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

44

Programmed emptiness : research infrastructure on the Tibetan plateau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent completion of a rail line running from central China to Lhasa in the Tibet Autonomous Region has brought attention not only to China's Architecture and Urbanism questionable occupation of Tibet, but also to the ...

Dunbar, Sarah (Sarah Ford)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

This Week's Section  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...supported by the United Nations to promote investments in sustainable tech- nologies and products. The school is also asking...Shen spent most of his career, and particularly on real estate devel- opment in Shanxi's capital, Taiyuan. Published...

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

46

Mossbauer study of brucite (Mg, Fe) (OH)2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mossbauer spectra of brucite mineral from Shanxi in China were measured...T...<400 K, with the negative velocity line always more broadened than the positive one. A possible explanation of these systematic broade...

Xu Binfu; Chen Yilong

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

E-Print Network 3.0 - anambra state southeast Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The University Of Montana Summary: and Southeast Asia, including the states of India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar (Burma... - 1 - 2010-2011 Course...

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - area southern gangdese Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

42 Detrital geochronology and geochemistry of CretaceousEarly Miocene strata of Nepal: implications for timing and Summary: and southern central Tibet (Zhepure Mountain...

49

E-Print Network 3.0 - antelope pantholops hodgsonii Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ovis ammon. By Alexander K. Fedosenko and David A. Blank Summary: Tibet, probably on Nepal frontier.'' Ovis hodgsonii Blyth, 1841a:863. Unjustified emendation of Ovis......

50

College of Engineering and Architecture Evolution of Control for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HVDC 3 HVDC 1 500kV AC 2 parallel 500 kV AC 1 HVDC Tibet #12;College of Engineering and Architecture

51

Timing and amount of crustal shortening, Shuanghe area, Central Tibet W.S.F. KIDD1, M.A. EDWARDS2, Y. LI1, K.D. NELSON3, L. RATSCHBACHER2, Z. WU4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Y. LI1, K.D. NELSON3, L. RATSCHBACHER2, Z. WU4 1Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, University at Albany, Albany, NY 12222 USA. 2Institut für Geologie, Technische Universität Bergakadamie Freiberg, Freiberg, D-09596 Germany. 3Department of Geology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, 13244 USA. 4Chinese

Kidd, William S. F.

52

Modern stalagmite oxygen isotopic composition and its implications of climatic change from a high-elevation cave in the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau over the past 50 years  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yuan D X, Qin J M, et al. Oxygen and carbon isotopic charac-R L, Wang X F, et al. Oxygen isotopic records of stalagmitesVerlag Modern stalagmite oxygen isotopic composition and its

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Paper presented at the EastAsiaNet Workshop: "Mis-taking Asia" University of Leeds 30-31 May 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the West and in China: Seven Years in Tibet versus Red River Valley Vanessa Frangville, IETT, University and Tibetans in the context of two films: one Chinese film we will call "Red River Valley" and a famous Franco. Seven Years in Tibet and Red River Valley I will start off by introducing you those films, giving you

Boyer, Edmond

54

Mass transfer between eastern Tien Shan and adjacent basins (central Asia): constraints on regional tectonics and topography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......southern Tibet: field observations and...Himalayan sediment production 8 Myr ago despite...relationship with oil and gas distribution...known: (1) the cumulative thickness of these...southern Tibet: field observations and...Himalayan sediment production 8 Myr ago despite...relationship with oil and gas distribution......

Franois Mtivier; Yves Gaudemer

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

SCOPE CHINA SCOPE CHINA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCOPE CHINA SCOPE CHINA 92030006 86-351-7010700 86-351-7010700 E-mail: scope #12;SCOPE-ZHONGYU ENvirONmENtal FOrUm 2012 October 11-14, 2012 Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, China Chair of Environmental Development Dr. Shu Sun, Academician, President of SCOPE CAST China Former Vice President

Wang, Wei Hua

56

Outsourcing CO2 within China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...international import and export matrices for China were also...proportion as China's total exports. We make...international import ma-trices...gigatonne gap in China's carbon...Shanxi Domes c export Domes c import Fig. S4...mining 3 Petroleum and gas 4...

Kuishuang Feng; Steven J. Davis; Laixiang Sun; Xin Li; Dabo Guan; Weidong Liu; Zhu Liu; Klaus Hubacek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Wind Energy Resource Atlas of Southeast China  

SciTech Connect

This wind energy resource atlas identifies the wind characteristics and distribution of the wind resource in two regions of southeast China. The first region is the coastal area stretching from northern Fujian south to eastern Guangdong and extending approximately 100 km inland. The second region is centered on the Poyang Lake area in northern Jiangxi. This region also includes parts of two other provinces-Anhui and Hubei-and extends from near Anqing in Anhui south to near Nanchang in Jiangxi. The detailed wind resource maps and other information contained in the atlas facilitate the identification of prospective areas for use of wind energy technologies, both for utility-scale power generation and off-grid wind energy applications. We created the high-resolution (1-km2) maps in 1998 using a computerized wind resource mapping system developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The mapping system uses software known as a Geographical Information System (GIS).

Elliott, D.; Schwartz, M.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; George, R.

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Wind Energy Resource Atlas of Southeast China (CD-ROM)  

SciTech Connect

This wind energy resource atlas identifies the wind characteristics and distribution of the wind resource in two regions of southeast China. The first region is the coastal area stretching from northern Fujian south to eastern Guangdong and extending approximately 100 km inland. The second region is centered on the Poyang Lake area in northern Jiangxi. This region also includes parts of two other provinces-Anhui and Hubei-and extends from near Anqing in Anhui south to near Nanchang in Jiangxi. The detailed wind resource maps and other information contained in the atlas facilitate the identification of prospective areas for use of wind energy technologies, both for utility-scale power generation and off-grid wind energy applications. We created the high-resolution (1-km2) maps in 1998 using a computerized wind resource mapping system developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The mapping system uses software known as a Geographical Information System (GIS).

Elliott, D.; Schwartz, M.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; George, R.

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Turquoise Roof Bridge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...an old term used in Tibet for a family that thrived in turquoise trade during the eighth century whose name meant Turquoise Roof, because the house of this family was near a bridge in Lhasa called Turquoise Ro...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Spiny frogs (Paini) illuminate the history of the Himalayan region and Southeast Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis of a concatenated dataset comprising four nuclear gene sequences of Paini revealed two main. China | nuclear DNA | phylogeography | Tibet | tribe Paini The collision between India and Asia may

Wake, David B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tibet jiangxi shanxi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Regmi Research Series ,Year 16, December 31, 1984  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.lS duties on Nepal-Tibet tradu at Dana was suspJld..)d b..;cr!UsiJ such trade was dislocatdd by the Ncpcl-Tibet war. In the Vikr~n year 1910 ( ..... D. 1853), th ,~ Ij :).r ::'.. hall yi...J. ch~.j a [",v;;C1ue o f Rs 29,001 D1ttha Sril2J. lh:,ttn wr... .lS duties on Nepal-Tibet tradu at Dana was suspJld..)d b..;cr!UsiJ such trade was dislocatdd by the Ncpcl-Tibet war. In the Vikr~n year 1910 ( ..... D. 1853), th ,~ Ij :).r ::'.. hall yi...J. ch~.j a [",v;;C1ue o f Rs 29,001 D1ttha Sril2J. lh:,ttn wr...

Regmi, Mahesh C

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

The Great Sons of Thang stong rgyal po: the Bu chen of the Pin valley, Spiti1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Great Sons of Thang stong rgyal po: the Bu chen of the Pin valley, Spiti1 Pascale Dollfus GEOGRAPHICAL AND CULTURAL SETTING Standing to the south-west, Pin is one of four units constituting Spiti2 Range and shares its eastern frontiers with Tibet (Map 1). It includes the whole valley of the Pin river

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

Magnetostratigraphy of Tertiary sediments from the Hoh Xil Basin: implications for the Cenozoic tectonic history of the Tibetan Plateau  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......consists mainly of the lake carbonate with some black oil shale (Liu Wang 1999). It disconformably overlies the Fenghuoshan...A, 326, 177-188. Liu Z. , Wang C., 1999. Oil shale in the Tertiary Hoh Xil basin, northern Qinghai-Tibet......

Zhifei Liu; Xixi Zhao; Chengshan Wang; Shun Liu; Haisheng Yi

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Human remains from Zhirendong, South China, and modern human emergence in East Asia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...south-central Tibet during Marine Isotope Stage 5 . Geology 38...BH ( 1984 ) Patterns of molar wear in hunger-gatherers and agriculturalists . Am J Phys Anthropol...given a mesial interproximal wear facet 4.8 mm...lingual 3.9--Occlusal wear (following ref 8) 5a 4b 7 Figure...

Wu Liu; Chang-Zhu Jin; Ying-Qi Zhang; Yan-Jun Cai; Song Xing; Xiu-Jie Wu; Hai Cheng; R. Lawrence Edwards; Wen-Shi Pan; Da-Gong Qin; Zhi-Sheng An; Erik Trinkaus; Xin-Zhi Wu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Landsat 7 Thematic Mapper image mosaic covering the same area as the geological map. TM Bands 5,4,2:R,G,B. Images from October, November 2001.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Gyala Peri antiform, SE Tibet T23B-0480 Kidd, W.S.F.1 , Lim, C.1 , Zeitler, P.K.2 , Enkelmann, E.2 , Booth, A.L.3 , Chamberlain, C.P.3 , Tang, W.4 , Liu, Y4 , Craw, D.5 1 Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Univ

Kidd, William S. F.

66

ADEM I N ???? 2011 -East West Manufacturing, LLC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changzhou Ho Chi Minh (3) Shenzhen Ho Chi Minh India Conyers, GA Adelanto, CA Project Engineering Customer · PolluDon / environment · Huge real estate bubble · 100m more males · Tibet Nigeria Russia Japan 10 Most Populous Countries PopulaFon vs. GDP Popula

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

67

Convergence rate across the Nepal Himalaya and interseismic coupling on the Main Himalayan Thrust: Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convergence rate across the Nepal Himalaya and interseismic coupling on the Main Himalayan Thrust the Nepal Himalaya using GPS times series from 30 stations in Nepal and southern Tibet, in addition and eastern Nepal and 20.5 ? 1 mm/yr in western Nepal. The moment deficit due to locking of the MHT

Avouac, Jean-Philippe

68

Journal of the Nepal Geological Society, Volume 38, Dec. 2008 1 EARTHQUAKES AND CRUSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE HIMALAYA FROM THE HIMALAYAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of the Nepal Geological Society, Volume 38, Dec. 2008 1 EARTHQUAKES AND CRUSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE HIMALAYA FROM THE HIMALAYAN NEPAL TIBET SEISMIC EXPERIMENT (HIMNT) Anne F. Sheehan1 , Thomas de la Torre1 Seismological Centre, Kathmandu, NEPAL3 Submitted on occasion of International Workshop on Seismology

Sheehan, Anne F.

69

Diurnal Winds in the Himalayan Kali Gandaki Valley. Part I: Observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The diurnal wind system of the Kali Gandaki Valley in Nepal was explored in September and October 1998 in a field campaign using pilot balloons as the main observational tool. This valley connects the Plateau of Tibet with the Indian plains. The ...

Joseph Egger; Sapta Bajrachaya; Ute Egger; Richard Heinrich; Joachim Reuder; Pancha Shayka; Hilbert Wendt; Volkmar Wirth

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Nantong Casc Wanyuan Acciona Wind Turbine Manufacture Co Ltd NCWA | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Casc Wanyuan Acciona Wind Turbine Manufacture Co Ltd NCWA Casc Wanyuan Acciona Wind Turbine Manufacture Co Ltd NCWA Jump to: navigation, search Name Nantong Casc Wanyuan Acciona Wind Turbine Manufacture Co Ltd (NCWA) Place Nantong, Jiangxi Province, China Zip 226017 Sector Wind energy Product Nantong-based wind turbine manufacturer. Coordinates 32.087399°, 121.062218° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.087399,"lon":121.062218,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

71

A Polysaccharide from Ganoderma atrum Inhibits Tumor Growth by Induction of Apoptosis and Activation of Immune Response in CT26-Bearing Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Moreover, the intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) level and protein kinase A (PKA) activity were markedly increased in PSG-1-treated mice. ... Ganoderma, which is also called marvelous herb, has been widely used as a tonic and medicinal food for longevity and health promotion in East Asia and dates back several centuries. ... The financial support for this study by Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31130041), National Natural Science Foundation of China (31071532), National Key Technology R & D Program of China (2012BAD33B06), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-12-0749), the Project of Science and Technology of Jiangxi Provincial Education Department (KJLD13004), and Research Project of State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology (SKLF-ZZA-201301) is gratefully acknowledged. ...

Shenshen Zhang; Shaoping Nie; Danfei Huang; Jianqin Huang; Yanling Feng; Mingyong Xie

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Gamma-Ray Astronomy with ARGO-YBJ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARGO-YBJ is a full coverage air shower array located at the YangBaJing Cosmic Ray Laboratory (Tibet, P.R. China, 4300 m a.s.l., 606 g/cm^2) recording data with a duty cycle $\\geq$85% and an energy threshold of a few hundred GeV. In this paper the latest results in Gamma-Ray Astronomy are summarized.

G. Di Sciascio; for the ARGO-YBJ Collaboration

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

73

3/31/09 08:30! History and Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Dalai Lama? · Where is Tibet? · Where is the Tibetan government in exile located? · How does China it was only necessary to focus on ­the physical security of the room, ­insure that the state was initialized:30! Anderson on networks #12;3/31/09 08:30! The Insider Threat #12;3/31/09 08:30! The Handbook #12;3/31/09 08

Binkley, Jim

74

Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China Prof. Jinyang Zheng Director of IPE, Zhejiang University Director of Engineering Research Center for High Pressure Process Equipment and Safety, Ministry of Education Vice Director of China National Safety Committee of Pressure Vessels Vice President of CMES-P.R. China China Representative of ISO/TC197 and ISO/TC58 U.S. Department of Transportation and U. S. Department of Energy Workshop: Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels: Lessons Learned for the Safe Development of Vehicles,Dec.10-11,2009, Washington Safety and Regulatory Structure for CNG,CNG-H2,H2 Vehicles and Fuels in China Content Hydrogen Production CNG Refueling Station Hydrogen Refueling Station Shanxi HCNG Project U.S. Department of Transportation and U. S. Department of Energy Workshop: Compressed Natural Gas and

75

Ppb-level QEPAS NO2 sensor by use of electrical modulation cancellation method with a high power blue LED  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A novel electrical modulation cancellation method (E-MOCAM) is proposed to suppress the background noise in the case of the excitation light source with a poor beam quality. For its practical implementation, an E-MOCAM based on-beam QEPAS NO2 sensor by use of a commercial high-power wide-stripe LED is developed. The E-MOCAM ultimately suppressed the background noise caused by the stray light by three orders of magnitude. A 1? detection limit of 1.3ppb (part per billion by volume) was achieved at 1s integration time in this experiment, which corresponds to a normalized noise equivalent absorption coefficient (NNEA) 4.2נ10?9Wcm?1Hz?1/2. A 9h continuous on-line monitoring of ambient atmospheric NO2 was carried out on the campus of Shanxi University.

Huadan Zheng; Lei Dong; Xukun Yin; Xiaoli Liu; Hongpeng Wu; Lei Zhang; Weiguang Ma; Wangbao Yin; Suotang Jia

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Semicoke production and quality at Chinese vertical SJ furnaces  

SciTech Connect

In Russia there has been little interest on the thermal processing of non-sintering coal. However it may be used to obtain many special types of coke and semicoke that are necessary for processes other than blast furnace smelting and employing small metallurgical coke fractions that do not meet the relevant quality requirements. China has recently made great progress in developing the thermal processing of coal (mainly energy coal) to obtain a highly effective product, semicoke, primarily used in metallurgy and adsorption process. The article considers the operation of a Chinese semicoking plant equipped with vertical SJ furnaces. The plant is in the Shenmu district of Shanxi province (Inner Mongolia). The enterprise includes two furnaces of total output of about 100,000 t/yr of semicoke.

V.M. Strakhov; I.V. Surovtseva; A.V. D'yachenko; V.M. Men'shenin [Kuznetsk Center, Eastern Coal-Chemistry Institute (Russian Federation)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Karmapas: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on ceremonial occasions, has been passed through the entire linelige of the Karmapas. Thence, after Pakshi, this sect was also called the Black Hat sect. According to Kalu Rinpoche, this original hat was invisible to all but to those having great merit. A... and Teaching ofNarapa, New York, 1963, pp.l-109. 10. Trang Nyon Hemka, The Life ofMarpa. The Translator, London, 1986, p.lntroduction, XXVI. 11. Nick Dougla.s and Meryl white, Karmapa. The Black Hat Lama of Tibet, London. 1976, p. 5. 12. W. Y. Evans Wentz...

Kumar, Ashwani

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Current trends in non-accelerator particle physics: 1, Neutrino mass and oscillation. 2, High energy neutrino astrophysics. 3, Detection of dark matter. 4, Search for strange quark matter. 5, Magnetic monopole searches  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compilation of papers reflecting current trends in non-accelerator particle physics, corresponding to talks that its author was invited to present at the Workshop on Tibet Cosmic Ray Experiment and Related Physics Topics held in Beijing, China, April 4--13, 1995. The papers are entitled `Neutrino Mass and Oscillation`, `High Energy Neutrino Astrophysics`, `Detection of Dark Matter`, `Search for Strange Quark Matter`, and `Magnetic Monopole Searches`. The report is introduced by a survey of the field and a brief description of each of the author`s papers.

He, Yudong [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States)]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 22 Number 1 Full Issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a monk-official and a lay-offi cial worked together, the ruling Lamas at the top main,tained that the power belonged to the Sangha (dge-dun, pr. Gedun). "Tsong-kha-pa, the founder of the Yellow Sect, had instituted a special prayer for the new... description of the physical world, did not develop in Tibet in a manner analogous to that of wes tern civilizations. Physical geography with its study of the ear th's surface, climat~, and the distribution of flora and fauna did not emerge as a branch 6f...

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

80

Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 4 Number 3 : Notes and Topics: Some Aspects of Tibetan Learning; Contents; Demchok  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Another scholar of 20th century (A. C.) Gedun Chhophal (dGe 'dun-chhos-'phal) took much interest in rock inscriptions and ancient books as can be seen from the pages of his wellknown White Annals (T ibetan text, printed in Darjeeling, 1964). I have... the Chhos (Dharma). He has appropriately hinted that Tibet in the first half of the 18th century (AX.) had P"oJuced a Lama "ho had th~ san,e spirit of scien tific enguiry as Sir William Jone;, the fO\\lnder of Asiatic Society of lndia, in the second half...

Sinha, Nirmal Chandra; Tulku, Mynak R.

1967-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "tibet jiangxi shanxi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Ash limitation of physical coal beneficiation for mediumhigh ash coalA geochemistry perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nowadays the industrial coal beneficiation in China could only reduce the ash yield to about 10%, which could not meet the requirement or standard of environment protection. In this work, the possibility of reducing the ash yield was studied from the aspect of geochemistry. The channel samples were collected from two coal seams in Guizhou and Shanxi province, China and then conducted analysis by combining data from coals worldwide. The result reveals that the same coal seam or the coals deposited in the same peat swamp show a significantly positive correlation between ash yield and Al2O3+SiO2 content, and the intercept of regression equation on the ash axis is always less than 5% (generally 25%). Overall, the coal from China is featured with a higher intercept compared with that in the other countries. The intercept of 25% on the ash axis indicates an original inorganic component in coal-forming peat. The research result also presents a theoretical limitation of coal ash by coal cleaning, because 25% of inorganic components in mediumhigh quality ash coal could hardly be separated by traditional physical coal beneficiation.

Wenfeng Wang; Weiduo Hao; Simon Xu; Fuchang Qian; Shuxun Sang; Yong Qin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Characterization of fly ashes from circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) boilers cofiring coal and petroleum coke  

SciTech Connect

The chemistry, mineralogy, morphology, and particle size distribution were investigated in fly ashes from the burning of Datong (ShanXi, China) bituminous coal and the cofiring of Mideast high-sulfur petroleum coke (PC) with 30:70 (cal %) and 50:50 (cal %) blends of Datong bituminous coal in two commercial CFBC boilers. With the exception of CaO, the amounts of major oxides in the fly ashes from cofiring PC and coal were close to those of the common coal fly ashes. The PC-coal fly ashes were enriched in Ni, V, and Mo, implying these trace elements were mainly derived from PC. Ni and V, along with several other elements, such as Cr, Cu, Se, Pb, U, Th, and possibly As and Cd, increased in content with a decrease in temperature of the electrostatic precipitator (ESP). The results of chemistry, mineralogy, and morphology studies suggested that the desulfurization rate of the CFBC boilers at current conditions was low, and the PC tends to coarsen the fly ash particles and increase the loss on ignition (LOI) values, making these fly ashes unsuitable for use as a cement additive or a mineral admixture in concrete. Further studies on the combustion status of the CFBC boilers are needed if we want to be able to increase the desulfurization rate and produce high-quality fly ashes for broader and full utilization. 22 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Feihu Li; Jianping Zhai; Xiaoru Fu; Guanghong Sheng [Nanjing University, Nanjing (China). State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control & Resource Reuse, School of the Environment

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

A new technology for producing hydrogen and adjustable ratio syngas from coke oven gas  

SciTech Connect

About 15 billion Nm{sup 3} coke oven gas (COG) is emitted into the air in Shanxi Province in China as air pollutants. It is also a waste of precious chemical resources. In this study, COG was purified respectively by four methods including refrigeration, fiberglass, silica gel, and molecular sieve. Purified COG was separated by a prism membrane into two gas products. One consists mainly of H{sub 2} ({gt}90 vol %) and the other is rich in CH{sub 4} ({gt}60 vol %) with their exact compositions to vary with the membrane separation pressure and outlet gas flow ratio. The gas rich in CH{sub 4} was partially oxidized with oxygen in a high-temperature fixed-bed quartz reactor charged with coke particles of 10 mm size. At 1200-1300{sup o}C, a CH{sub 4} conversion of {gt}99% could be obtained. The H{sub 2}/CO ratio in the synthesis product gas can be adjusted in the range 0.3-1.4, very favorable for further C1 synthesis. 10 refs., 17 figs., 1t ab.

Jun Shen; Zhi-zhong Wang; Huai-wang Yang; Run-sheng Yao [Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan (China). Department of Chemical Engineering

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

Impact of the 2008 Ice Storm on Moso Bamboo plantations in southeast China  

SciTech Connect

A massive ice and snow storm occurred in early 2008 in South China and caused extensive damage to forests. Thirty-six plots of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) plantation were established following the ice storm in the central growth area of moso bamboo, Fenyi, Jiangxi province, China. The topographical condition and stand attributes, and the ice storm impact on moso bamboo plantations were investigated. We found that an average of 54.48% ( 17.58%) bamboo culms was damaged. The damage patterns included bending, snapping and uprooting, which accounted for 17.01% ( 7.28%), 22.37% ( 11.58%) and 15.11% ( 11.54%) of the total respectively. An average of 16.42 ( 7.09) tons per hectare dead dry biomass was produced, accounting for 37.73% ( 14.41%) of total aboveground biomass. A mean value of 8.21 ( 3.55) Mg C per hectare was shifted from living biomass to dead. Stand level analysis showed a significant increase in damage level and dead biomass production at north-oriented slopes, and with high stand density (between 3000 and 4500 culm/ha). High altitude caused a higher proportion of snapped culms but a lower proportion of uprooted. Analysis at individual culm level suggested that the susceptibility for a culm to break or uproot due to ice storm would rise as its diameter increased, while the susceptibility to bend would decline. The young (one year old) culm was more susceptible to snapping or bending while over-mature (>5 years old) culm was more susceptible to uprooting, implying it is a good managing practice to harvest mature culm timely.

Zhou, Dr. Benzhi [Chinese Academy of Forestry; Li, Zhengcai [Chinese Academy of Forestry; Cao, Yonghui [Chinese Academy of Forestry; An, Yanfei [Chinese Academy of Forestry; Deng, Dr. Zongfu [Chinese Academy of Forestry; Wang, Gang [Chinese Academy of Forestry; Gu, Lianhong [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Midweek: Beyond the Headlines Volume 1, Number 4, 27 September - 3 October 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIDWEEK REPORT Celebrations conclude at Holy Cross School a MIDWEEK REPORT C O N T A C T : 9 8 3 2 0 3 1 9 2 9 E M A I L : p e l s h 2 3 @ g m a i l . c o m A D V E R T I S I N G / P R I N T I N G / P U B L I S H I N G / D E S I G N / E V E N... T M A N A G E M E N T 8 27 Sept - 03 Oct, 2006 C M Y K ROUND-UP D O N T M I S S T H I S O P P O R T U N I T Y AVAIL UPTO 100% DISCOUNT ON ALL COURSES SCHOLARSHIP EXAM GOING ON HURRY UP! LIMITED SEATS!!! FOR DETAILS CONTACT: CITI Computers, Tibet...

Zulca, Mita

86

Gamma-Ray Bursts, Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays, and Cosmic Gamma-Ray Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) may be the origin of the cosmic gamma-ray background radiation observed in GeV range. It has theoretically been discussed that protons may carry a much larger amount of energy than electrons in GRBs, and this large energy can be radiated in TeV range by synchrotron radiation of ultra-high-energy protons (\\sim 10^{20} eV). The possible detection of GRBs above 10 TeV suggested by the Tibet and HEGRA groups also supports this idea. If this is the case, most of TeV gamma-rays from GRBs are absorbed in intergalactic fields and eventually form GeV gamma-ray background, whose flux is in good agreement with the recent observation.

Tomonori Totani

1998-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

87

Gamma-ray astronomy with muons: Sensitivity of IceCube to PeVatrons in the Southern sky  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Northern hemisphere TeV gamma-ray observatories such as Milagro and Tibet AS? have demonstrated the importance of all-sky instruments by discovering previously unidentified sources that may be the PeVatrons producing cosmic rays up to the knee in the cosmic ray spectrum. We evaluate the potential of IceCube to identify similar sources in the southern sky by detailing an analytic approach to determine fluxes of muons from TeV gamma-ray showers. We apply this approach to known gamma-ray sources such as supernova remnants. We find that, similar to Milagro, detection is possible in 10 years for pointlike PeVatrons with fluxes stronger than several 10-11 particles TeV-1??cm-2?s-1.

Francis Halzen; Alexander Kappes; Aongus Murchadha

2009-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

88

Modeling regional seismic waves. Final report, 24 Mar 89-31 Jul 91  

SciTech Connect

This study can be divided into three main topics: modeling regional broad-band seismograms from the Imperial Valley to Pasadena, Determining surface wave magnitudes for NTS events using regional data, and waveform modeling to determine depth of earthquakes in Tibet leading to new origin times and a better estimation of P(sub n) and S(sub n) velocities. In section 1, broad-band wave propagation along a corridor from Imperial Valley to Pasadena, California is addressed. The path consists of 50 km of slow basin structure with a shallow moho followed by 250 km of relatively normal Southern California structure approaching Pasadena. In section 2, surface wave magnitudes for 112 Nevada Test Site (NTS) explosions from a data set of regional long-period seismograms from North American stations are calculated. In order to utilize the newer regional stations (Delta < 25 deg), a new method for determining M(sub s) has been developed which employs synthetic seismograms to establish a relationship between the amplitude of the regional Airy phase, or Rayleigh pulse, of the data and an associated surface wave magnitude, based on conventional M(sub s) determinations, calculated from a synthetic seismogram propagated to 40 deg. In section 3, a note on the relocation of the Tibetan earthquake is presented. Present ISC locations for earthquakes beneath Tibet indicates a random distribution of events down to a depth of about 50 km. A detained investigation of the Tibetan earthquakes, with magnitudes greater than 5.5 from 1964 to 1986, yields a distinctly different picture.

Helmberger, D.V.; Harkrider, D.G.

1991-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

89

Estimation of the biological dose received by five victims of a radiation accident using three different cytogenetic tools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present study aims to estimate the biological doses received by five victims (A, B, C, D and E) of the Shanxi Taiyuan radiation accident in China of 2008 and to investigate the value of the cytokinesis-block micronuclei (CBMN) and premature chromosome condensation (PCC) assays in the estimation of biological doses received by the victims of a radiation accident. Conventional chromosome aberration analysis and the CBMN assay, as well as a drug-induced PCC assay recently established by our group, were performed on peripheral blood and bone marrow samples from five victims after the accident. The biological doses were estimated by scoring dicentrics plus centric rings, micronuclei and PCC rings. A high doseeffect curve and the nuclear division index (NDI) we previously established were used to estimate the dose received by victim A, the most highly affected victim of the five. The doses for the five victims (A, B, C, D and E) were 12.4, 3.4, 2.5, 2.1 and 2.2Gy, respectively, estimated by scoring dicentrics plus rings in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Similar results were obtained by combining the CBMN and NDI (CBMN+NDI) assays and the PCC assay. The doses estimated by the three methods were in accordance with the clinical symptoms observed. The specific dicentric assay with a low background level may be a better indicator for biological dose evaluation than the CBMN and PCC assays. The high dose curve we established is reliable and could become a suitable supplement to traditional biodosimetry for dose estimation. The CBMN and drug-induced PCC assays are simple, rapid and accurate. The two methods reinforce and verify the results observed with chromosome aberration analysis.

Bo Yao; Yufang Li; Guangxian Liu; Mei Guo; Juan Bai; Qiuhong Man; Lijuan Qiu; Huisheng Ai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Lithospheric Thickness Modeled from Long Period Surface Wave Dispersion  

SciTech Connect

The behavior of surface waves at long periods is indicative of subcrustal velocity structure. Using recently published dispersion models, we invert surface wave group velocities for lithospheric structure, including lithospheric thickness, over much of the Eastern Hemisphere, encompassing Eurasia, Africa, and the Indian Ocean. Thicker lithosphere under Precambrian shields and platforms are clearly observed, not only under the large cratons (West Africa, Congo, Baltic, Russia, Siberia, India), but also under smaller blocks like the Tarim Basin and Yangtze craton. In contrast, it is found that remobilized Precambrian structures like the Saharan Shield and Sino-Korean Paraplatform do not have well-established lithospheric keels. The thinnest lithospheric thickness is found under oceanic and continental rifts, as well as along convergence zones. We compare our results to thermal models of continental lithosphere, lithospheric cooling models of oceanic lithosphere, lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB) estimates from S-wave receiver functions, and velocity variations of global tomography models. In addition to comparing results for the broad region, we examine in detail the regions of Central Africa, Siberia, and Tibet. While there are clear differences in the various estimates, overall the results are generally consistent. Inconsistencies between the estimates may be due to a variety of reasons including lateral and depth resolution differences and the comparison of what may be different lithospheric features.

Pasyanos, M E

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

End-users' experiences with electricity supply from stand-alone mini-grid solar PV power stations in rural areas of western China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this study is to understand electricity supply from stand-alone mini-grid solar PV power stations in remote rural areas of western China from the perspective of end-users including: their satisfaction, evaluation of sufficiency of electricity supply, positive experiences, negative experiences, behaviors, and needs. The methodology used for this study adopts the approach of an in-depth case study with field research. Two townships, Saierlong Township in Qinghai Province and Namcuo Township in Tibet Autonomous Region (AR), were selected for the case studies. The methods for collecting data are interviews and household surveys in the field. Based on end-users' experiences, the households in both investigated townships were not satisfied with the electricity service. The main concerns were the insufficiency of electricity supply and unreliable electricity service. The insufficiency of the electricity supply was due to lack of information about local household electricity needs. As for the issue of unreliable electricity service, electricity was not regularly supplied on a daily basis. The duration of daily electricity supply was also not stable. The households were unable to predict the starting and ending times of daily electricity supply. Hence, when planning rural electrification with stand-alone mini-grid solar PV power stations, end-users' electricity demand approach should be taken into consideration, instead of only electricity supply approach.

Chian-Woei Shyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Neutrinos from Gamma Ray Bursts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The observed fluxes of cosmic rays and gamma rays are used to infer the maximum allowed high-energy neutrino flux allowed for Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) following Reference [1]. It is shown that if GRBs produce the ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays they should contribute (a) at least 10% of the extragalactic gamma ray background between 3 MeV and 30 GeV contrary to their observed energy flux which is only a minute fraction of this flux and (b) a cumulative neutrino flux a factor of 20 below the AMANDA-?2000 limit on isotropic neutrinos. This could have two implications either GRBs do not produce the ultrahigh energy cosmic rays [2 3] or that the GRBs are strongly beamed and emit most of their power at energies well above 100 GeV [4] implausibly increasing the energy requirements but consistent with the marginal detections of a few low-redshift GRBs by MILAGRITO [5] HEGRA-AIROBICC [6] and the Tibet-Array [7]. All crucial measurements to test the models will be available in the next few years. These are measurements of (i) high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA-ICECUBE or an enlarged ANTARES/NESTOR ocean detector (ii) GRB redshifts from HETE-2 follow-up studies and (iii) GRB spectra above 10 GeV with low-threshold imaging air Cherenkov telescopes such as MAGIC and the space telescopes AGILE and GLAST.

Karl Mannheim

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Neutrinos from Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The observed fluxes of cosmic rays and gamma rays are used to infer the maximum allowed high-energy neutrino flux allowed for Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs), following Mannheim, Protheroe, and Rachen (2000). It is shown that if GRBs produce the ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays, they should contribute (a) at least 10% of the extragalactic gamma ray background between 3 MeV and 30 GeV, contrary to their observed energy flux which is only a minute fraction of this flux, and (b) a cumulative neutrino flux a factor of 20 below the AMANDA (Neutrino 2000) limit on isotropic neutrinos. This could have two implications, either GRBs do not produce the ultrahigh energy cosmic rays or that the GRBs are strongly beamed and emit most of their power at energies well above 100 GeV implausibly increasing the energy requirements, but consistent with the marginal detections of a few low-redshift GRBs by MILAGRITO, HEGRA-AIROBICC, and the Tibet-Array. All crucial measurements to test the models will be available in the next few years. These are measurements of (i) high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA-ICECUBE or an enlarged ANTARES/NESTOR ocean detector, (ii) GRB redshifts from HETE-2 follow-up studies, and (iii) GRB spectra above 10 GeV with low-threshold imaging air Cherenkov telescopes such as MAGIC and the space telescopes AGILE and GLAST.

Karl Mannheim

2000-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

94

Life-cycle assessment of multi-crystalline photovoltaic (PV) systems in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study performs a life-cycle assessment for a photovoltaic (PV) system with multi-crystalline silicon (multi-Si) modules in China. It considers the primary energy demand, energy payback time (EPBT), and environmental impacts, such as global warming potential and eutrophication, over the entire life cycle of the PV system, including the upstream process, ranging from silica extraction to the multi-Si purification, the midstream process, involving crystalline silicon ingot growth and wafering; and the downstream process, consisting of cell and module fabrication. The data were collected with recommendations provided by the ISO norms and acquired from typical PV companies in China. The results show that the most critical phase of life cycle of Chinese PV system was the transformation of metallic silicon into solar silicon, which was characterized by high electricity consumption, representing most of the environmental impact. The other electricity generation systems were compared to PV. Considering that Chinese electricity is mainly produced by coal-fired power plants, the installation of multi-Si PV systems is recommended over exporting them from China. Furthermore, being higher solar radiation areas, areas in western China, such as the Tibet Autonomous Region, northeastern Qinghai, and the western borders of Gansu, are best suited for the installation of the PV systems even if the long distance of transportation. Finally, recommendations were provided with respect to the sustainable development of the Chinese PV industry and environmental protection.

Yinyin Fu; Xin Liu; Zengwei Yuan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Climate-Energy Nexus  

SciTech Connect

The 140-page published proceedings of the workshop include individual articles and PowerPoint slides for all workshop presentations. The proceedings also contain pertinent background information on the China-US Joint Research Center, partnering organizations, and workshop goals and objectives. Overall, the workshop increased the understanding of the impacts of climate change on energy use and renewable energy production as well as the complex relationships among land use, energy production, and ecological restoration. The workshop served as an international platform for scientists and students of different research backgrounds to develop a unified perspective on energy and climate relationships. Such understanding will benefit future cooperation between China and the US in mitigating global climate change. The workshops agenda, which is highly interdisciplinary, explored many potential opportunities for international collaboration in ecosystem management, climate modeling, greenhouse gas emissions, and bioenergy sustainability. International research groups have been suggested in the areas of genomes and biotechnology of energy plants, sustainable management of soil and water resources, carbon sequestration, and microbial processes for ecological cycles. The project has attracted considerable attention from institutes beyond the China-US Joint Research Center partners, and several of them (such as Institute of Qing-Tibet Plateau Research, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Institute of Applied Ecology, CAS) have expressed interest in joining the partnership. In addition, the workshop played a significant role in facilitating establishment of private-public partnerships between government and private bioenergy companies (such as L.R. Shugarts and Associates, Inc.), including seed providers (Blade Energy Crops, Thousand Oaks, CA), pilot demonstration projects at coal-producing cities (e.g., Huaibei, Anhui province, China), and the development of methodology for assessment of the sustainable production of biofuels (such as life-cycle analysis, sustainability metrics, and land-use policy). Establishment of two US-China scientific research networks in the area of bioenergy and environmental science is a significant result of the workshop.

Gary Sayler; Randall Gentry; Jie Zhuang

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

PROGRESS TOWARDS NEXT GENERATION, WAVEFORM BASED THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELS AND METRICS TO IMPROVE NUCLEAR EXPLOSION MONITORING IN THE MIDDLE EAST  

SciTech Connect

Efforts to update current wave speed models of the Middle East require a thoroughly tested database of sources and recordings. Recordings of seismic waves traversing the region from Tibet to the Red Sea will be the principal metric in guiding improvements to the current wave speed model. Precise characterizations of the earthquakes, specifically depths and faulting mechanisms, are essential to avoid mapping source errors into the refined wave speed model. Errors associated with the source are manifested in amplitude and phase changes. Source depths and paths near nodal planes are particularly error prone as small changes may severely affect the resulting wavefield. Once sources are quantified, regions requiring refinement will be highlighted using adjoint tomography methods based on spectral element simulations [Komatitsch and Tromp (1999)]. An initial database of 250 regional Middle Eastern events from 1990-2007, was inverted for depth and focal mechanism using teleseismic arrivals [Kikuchi and Kanamori (1982)] and regional surface and body waves [Zhao and Helmberger (1994)]. From this initial database, we reinterpreted a large, well recorded subset of 201 events through a direct comparison between data and synthetics based upon a centroid moment tensor inversion [Liu et al. (2004)]. Evaluation was done using both a 1D reference model [Dziewonski and Anderson (1981)] at periods greater than 80 seconds and a 3D model [Kustowski et al. (2008)] at periods of 25 seconds and longer. The final source reinterpretations will be within the 3D model, as this is the initial starting point for the adjoint tomography. Transitioning from a 1D to 3D wave speed model shows dramatic improvements when comparisons are done at shorter periods, (25 s). Synthetics from the 1D model were created through mode summations while those from the 3D simulations were created using the spectral element method. To further assess errors in source depth and focal mechanism, comparisons between the three methods were made. These comparisons help to identify problematic stations and sources which may bias the final solution. Estimates of standard errors were generated for each event's source depth and focal mechanism to identify poorly constrained events. A final, well characterized set of sources and stations will be then used to iteratively improve the wave speed model of the Middle East. After a few iterations during the adjoint inversion process, the sources will be reexamined and relocated to further reduce mapping of source errors into structural features. Finally, efforts continue in developing the infrastructure required to 'quickly' generate event kernels at the n-th iteration and invert for a new, (n+1)-th, wave speed model of the Middle East. While development of the infrastructure proceeds, initial tests using a limited number of events shows the 3D model, while showing vast improvement compared to the 1D model, still requires substantial modifications. Employing our new, full source set and iterating the adjoint inversions at successively shorter periods will lead to significant changes and refined wave speed structures of the Middle East.

Savage, B; Peter, D; Covellone, B; Rodgers, A; Tromp, J

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z