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Sample records for tibet jiangxi shanxi

  1. Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor Alkali Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine & Caustic Company (aka China...

  2. Advanced clean combustion technology in Shanxi province

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, K.-C.

    2004-07-01

    Biomass energy resources in China are first described, along with biomass gasification R & D now underway. In Shanxi province biomass and other regenerative energy is relatively little used but coal resources are large. Hence Shanxi is mainly developing clean coal technology to meet its economic and environmental protection requirements. Clean combustion research at Taiyuan University of Technology includes cofiring of coal and RDF in FBC, gas purification and adsorption, fundamentals of plasma-aided coal pyrolysis and gasification and coal derived liquid fuels from synthesis gas. 5 refs.

  3. Jiangxi Ganneng Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  4. Tibet Resists Jonathan Mirsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turc, Catalin

    , and with an introduction by Robert Barnett Hong Kong University Press/University of Hawaii Press, 81 pp., $20.00 (paper's Robert Barnett, who writes the extremely informative and wide-ranging introduction to Voices from Tibet poems, but always in Chinese--still her only written language--and slowly, according to Barnett, she

  5. Jiangxi Ganneng Huaji New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. India and Tibet: Geographical Considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Nirmal Chandra

    and winter. the heat and cold are minimized, and the fear of famine. beasts of prey. poisonous serpents, poisonous insects, heat and cold are not great. "(Besides) the snow-.'lountains and other mountains there are great lakes of clear cool sparkling... and minerals were the food crops: barley, wheat, buck wheat, maize, millet, oats, peas and even rice. Snow mountains, great lakes and mighty rivers indeed made Tibet a happy land. An ancient hymn describes Tibet as "The centre of snow mountains: the source...

  7. SALINE LAKES ON QINGHAI-TIBET PLATEAU AND SALTS ON MARS1 M. P. Zheng1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SALINE LAKES ON QINGHAI-TIBET PLATEAU AND SALTS ON MARS1 M. P. Zheng1 , A. Wang2 , F. J. Kong1 , N of tectonically active belts of plateaus on the Earth [3]. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau accounts for 1

  8. Discontinuous low-velocity zones in southern Tibet question the viability of the channel flow model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cattin, Rodolphe

    .g. Houseman & England 1993; England & Molnar 1997). Global Positioning System measurements are key data of the plateau in southern Tibet comes from the passive and active seismological experiments, like the INDEPTH

  9. Ambient noise interferometry and surface-wave array tomography in southeastern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Huajian

    2009-01-01

    The primary goal of my doctoral research is to understand the crustal and upper mantle structure and deformation in southeastern Tibet. To improve the resolution in the crust, we developed a new approach for surface-wave ...

  10. The Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950: an analysis of the American response 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murry, Ellen Theresa

    1982-01-01

    of stabilizing and delineating their northern frontier. Coincidentally, Russia was undertaking the same process along its southern borders, and the two powers converged in Tibet. Lord G. N. Curzon, the Indian Viceroy, in initiating his forward policy...- quently, China exerted little influence in Tibet and was unable either to protect it, or to prevent it from becoming a place of contention between the rival great powers of Europe, Great Britain, and Russia. In India, the British were in the process...

  11. Partially melted, mica-bearing crust in Central Tibet B. R. Hacker1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Partially melted, mica-bearing crust in Central Tibet B. R. Hacker1 , M. H. Ritzwoller2 , and J in the west than the east. The depth of the Curie temperature for magnetite inferred from satellite magnetic to deep crust consists of a mica-bearing residue from which melt has been extracted or is being extracted

  12. UPb SHRIMP zircon geochronology and Ttd history of the Kampa Dome, southern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandiford, Mike

    U­Pb SHRIMP zircon geochronology and T­t­d history of the Kampa Dome, southern Tibet M.C. Quigley a, petrographic and geochronologic studies of the Kampa Dome provide insights into the tectonothermal evolution­S contraction, E­W extension and doming (D4). Structural and geochronologic variability amongst adjacent North

  13. Two Nineteenth Century Trade Routes in the Eastern Himalayas: the Bhutanese trade with Tibet and Bengal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Ratna; Ray, Indrajit

    2006-01-01

    to the freezing point in the Himalayan kingdoms, it was by far the best season for caravan trade. The chance of rain was least; also the river beds were dry so that the caravans could smoothly proceed along those beds minimizing their toil and fatalities. Food... was cheap, especially barley, meat and wine, and easily available in the route-side localities.9 Also, this was the season when farm activities were slack, and farmers had time to vend their crops and to opt for subsidiary jobs. In Tibet, for example...

  14. Application of Gaussian-Beam Migration to Multiscale Imaging of the Lithosphere beneath the Hi-CLIMB Array in Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowack, Robert L.

    Application of Gaussian-Beam Migration to Multiscale Imaging of the Lithosphere beneath the Hi Tibet using data from the Hi-CLIMB experiment. We use teleseismic P waves from three groups of earthquakes to the southeast, northeast, and northwest of the Hi-CLIMB array, each within a narrow range

  15. Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor Alkali

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Tibet Train

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2005-12-14

    history of doing what the rest of the world considers impossible. Think Great Wall. Think Three Gorges Dam. When the railroad is finished in 2007, it will run 695 miles from Lhasa to Golmud at nosebleeding heights of up to 16,000 feet above sea level...

  17. Evidence for constriction and Pliocene acceleration of east-west extension in the North Lunggar rift region of west central Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sundell, Kurt E.; Taylor, Michael Halford; Styron, Richard H.; Stockli, Daniel F.; Kapp, Paul; Hager, Christian; Liu, Deliang; Ding, Lin

    2013-10-10

    (possibly for sample LNG0209 in transect 4), or given the scale and lack of de- tailed mapping, obscured or unidentified geologic structures between samples within transects. Third, apatite samples for transect 2 are very young (0.5–0.6Ma). When compared...-15-05-3 31.47942 83.56945 21.7 0.6 biotite granite SUNDELL ET AL.: NORTH LUNGGAR RIFT, WEST CENTRAL TIBET 1460 oblique to those mapped, due to the scale of the mapping, var- iability within the shear zone, or potentially representative of a previous tectonic...

  18. Please cite this article in press as: Yao, H., et al., Estimation of surface wave Green's functions from correlation of direct waves, coda waves, and ambient noise in SE Tibet. Phys. Earth Planet. In. (2009), doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2009.07.002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Hilst, Robert Dirk

    2009-01-01

    with (plane wave) beamforming of the energy contributing to EGF construction. Beamforming also demonstratesPlease cite this article in press as: Yao, H., et al., Estimation of surface wave Green's functions from correlation of direct waves, coda waves, and ambient noise in SE Tibet. Phys. Earth Planet. In

  19. Jiangxi Gemei Science and Technology Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. Jiangxi Changjiang Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Jiangxi Green Avon New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Jiangxi Huahui Industrial Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. Jiangxi Jiahua Silicon Material Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  4. Jiangxi Jiangwan Hydro Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Jiangxi Jingde Semiconductor Materials Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. Jiangxi Province Ruijin City Liujinba Hydro Development Co Ltd | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  7. Jiangxi Quannan Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  8. Jiangxi Risun Solar Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. Jiangxi Sinoma New Solar Materials Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  10. Jiangxi Sornid high tech Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  11. Jiangxi Wugongshan Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. Shanxi Milestone Biomass Energy Development Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong SiliconSouth Dakota: EnergyInformation

  14. Shanxi Zhangze Power Inner Mongolia Subsidiary | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Shanxi Taiyuan Zihuan Environmental Protection Technology | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Shanxi Ziyang Zheli Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Late Cenozoic uplift of southeastern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Marin Kristen, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Recent field work and DEM analysis show that remnant, local areas of a low-relief land scape (or "erosion surface") are geographically continuous across the southeastern Tibetan Plateau margin and can be correlated in order ...

  18. Jiangxi Solar PV Corp JSPV aka Solar PV Corporation | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  19. ShanXi Xin Tong Intelligence Technical Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low EmissionTianhong Silicon Material CoShalerShamil

  20. Tibet Huaguan Tech Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open Energy Information ThreeTianDi GrowthTibagi

  1. Geothermal Resources Development in Tibet, China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky:Bore TechnologiesAssessment In Hawaii Jump to:

  2. Craft Specialization and Animal Products at the Longshan Period Sites of Taosi and Zhoujiazhuang, Shanxi Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunson, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    A. 2014. Reconsidering Raw Material Selection Skeletalstudies reveal how changes in raw material selection reflect87 Raw material

  3. Craft Specialization and Animal Products at the Longshan Period Sites of Taosi and Zhoujiazhuang, Shanxi Province, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunson, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    In Late Quaternary Climate Change and Human Adaptation inIn Late Quaternary Climate Change and Human Adaptation inIn Late Quaternary Climate Change and Human Adaptation in

  4. Dr. Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan Extends the Reach of the West Virginia...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    behalf of WVU's Industries of the Future program to lead an energy assessment at two Chinese companies: Shanxi Jinneng Group New Oriental Aluminum Co. Ltd and Shanxi Hengtong...

  5. *Supported by the Visiting Scholar Foundation of Shanxi Province P. R. China1 A Fuzzy Neural Network Based on the TS Model with Dynamic Consequent Parameters and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Tsau Young

    control system of superheated steam temperature in power plants. The approach is simulated in MATLAB neural-network, TS model, Cascade control, Superheated steam temperature 1. Introduction There are two Network Based on the TS Model with Dynamic Consequent Parameters and its Application to Steam Temperature

  6. Steroids in sediments from Zabuye Salt Lake, western Tibet: diagenetic, ecological or climatic signals?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polly, David

    diagenesis and climate signals. Steroids, including sterols and sterenes, dominate the soluble organic matter to the biogeochemical change of organic matter during early diagenesis. 4,4-dimethyl spirosterenes and their possible rocks, as well as crude oils. Diagenesis of the organic matter occurring in waters and sediments

  7. Integrated tectonic and quantitative thermochronometric investigation of the Xainza rift, Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hager, Christian

    2014-08-31

    faults in the Himalayas, suggesting a causal relationship between N-S shortening and E-W extension. Thermal history modeling of (U-Th)/He data is a critical component of this study and the results are based on improved analysis of these data utilizing a...

  8. Statuary Metals in Tibet and the Himalayas: History, Tradition and Modern Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bue, Erberto Lo

    1991-01-01

    rass Copper Si her brass copper gilded Repouss'e Inlaid AshMolean Museu. 90-99 56-59 39-45 42 25 t-' liverpool County Museu. 62-71 35-37 33-40 15 16-23 3-4 0 Gulbenkian Museu. C •• bridge Museu. of 8-11 5-7 4-6 3 Anthropology Royal Scottish Museu... point of the metal. If zinc oxide ore is heated to boiling point (above 906°C ) without special precautions, it simply evaporates into the atmosphere. In England, it was not until A.D. 1738 that William Champion first obtained patent protection for a...

  9. Radial anisotropy in the crust of SE Tibet and SW China from ambient noise interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Hilst, Robert Dirk

    with geological data, including constraints on shortening and uplift history, the topography of this region heat flow [Hu et al., 2000], and low electrical resistivity [Bai et al., 2010] sug- gest that at least

  10. Deformation, erosion and sedimentation in collisional orogens : case studies from eastern Tibet and southwestern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Studnicki-Gizbert, Christopher Terrance

    2006-01-01

    This dissertation addresses aspects of the tectonics of regions adjacent to the eastern Himalayan syntaxis. The first chapter describes the Tertiary Gonjo basin, includes structural and sedimentologic observations, and ...

  11. Low wave speed zones in the crust beneath SE Tibet revealed by ambient noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Fenglin

    , China, 4 State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resource and Prospecting, and Unconventional Natural Gas

  12. Thermochronologic constraints on the late Cenozoic exhumation history of the Gurla Mandhata metamorphic core complex, Southwestern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCallister, Andrew T.; Taylor, Michael Halford; Murphy, M. A.; Styron, Richard H.; Stockli, Daniel F.

    2014-02-01

    300 Kilometers Indus -Yalu Suture Bangong -Nujiang Suture Jinsha Su t ure MFT ATF Tarim basin Qaidam basin Qiangtang terrane Lhasa terrane Himalaya Songpan-Ganzi terrane KF JF YGR HF GMD NLR SLR TKG TYC KCF CR PQX ADM LPD NQT GLR Lhasa LC LNG GCF... RPF BCFZB LK Normal Fault Strike-Slip Fault Thrust Fault Suture Zone 1:7,000,000 scale 80° E 85° E 90° E 95° E 30° N 35° N Figure 1. Shaded relief map of the Tibetan plateau showing the distribution of active faults. Thrust faults are red, normal...

  13. Adapting the Buddha's Biographies: A Cultural History of the Wish-Fulfilling Vine in Tibet, Seventeenth to Eighteenth Centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Nancy Grace

    2011-01-01

    translated by Geshé Lhundub Sopa with E. Ann Chávez and=7b3-7b4. Translated by Sopa et al (Thu’u bkwan III, Crystal=8a1-8a2. Translated by Sopa et al (Thu’u bkwan III, Crystal

  14. Adapting the Buddha's Biographies: A Cultural History of the Wish-Fulfilling Vine in Tibet, Seventeenth to Eighteenth Centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Nancy Grace

    2011-01-01

    his statement in the autobiography that most Tibetans were616. Si tu Pa? chen, Autobiography, 365.3; Jackson, Patronk? la’i gos bza?: The Autobiography of the Great Fifth Dalai

  15. Observed high-altitude warming and snow cover retreat over Tibet and the Himalayas enhanced by black carbon aerosols

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xu, Y.; Ramanathan, V.; Washington, W. M.

    2015-07-10

    Himalayan mountain glaciers and the snowpack over the Tibetan Plateau provide the headwater of several major rivers in Asia. In-situ observations of snow cover fraction since the 1960s suggest that the snow pack in the region have retreated significantly, accompanied by a surface warming of 2–2.5 °C observed over the peak altitudes (5000 m). Using a high-resolution ocean–atmosphere global climate model and an observationally constrained black carbon (BC) aerosol forcing, we attribute the observed altitude dependence of the warming trends as well as the spatial pattern of reductions in snow depths and snow cover fraction to various anthropogenic factors. Atmore »the Tibetan Plateau altitudes, the increase of atmospheric CO2 concentration exerted a warming of 1.7 °C, BC 1.3 °C where as cooling aerosols cause about 0.7 °C cooling, bringing the net simulated warming consistent with the anomalously large observed warming. We therefore conclude that BC together with CO2 has contributed to the snow retreat trends. Especially, BC increase is the major factor in the strong elevation dependence of the observed surface warming. The atmospheric warming by BC as well as its surface darkening of snow are coupled with the positive snow albedo feedbacks to account for the disproportionately large role of BC in high-elevation regions. These findings reveal that BC impact needs to be properly accounted for in future regional climate projections, in particular on high-altitude cryosphere.« less

  16. Electromagnetic images of colliding continents: a magnetotelluric survey of the Tsangpo Suture and surrounding regions of Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    recorded higher frequency data at the same locations and in between. The time series data from both systems. The responses have been analyzed for electric field distortions, dimensionality, and strike direction and their interpretation. Data Acquisition The main suture-crossing profile, the "100-line", extended across the Tsangpo

  17. The Key Coal Producers ONLINE SUPPORTING MATERIALS to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    The Key Coal Producers ONLINE SUPPORTING MATERIALS to A Global Coal Production Forecast with Multi's most important coal-producing area is North-Central China. The provinces of Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi and Shanxi together accounted for 83 percent of China's proven coal reserves in 2000, and Shanxi

  18. Programmed emptiness : research infrastructure on the Tibetan plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunbar, Sarah (Sarah Ford)

    2008-01-01

    The recent completion of a rail line running from central China to Lhasa in the Tibet Autonomous Region has brought attention not only to China's Architecture and Urbanism questionable occupation of Tibet, but also to the ...

  19. The Rapprochement between Bhutan and Tibet under the Enlightened Rule of Sde-srid XIII Shes-rab-dbang-phyug (R.1744-63)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardussi, John A.

    1999-01-01

    to formally pay tribute, whence they returned in 1735 with imperial patents (gser-yig) and seals of office22. Although one Bhutanese scholar of the time saw in the conclusion of this mission to China “the fulfillment of our hopes,”23 the reality... , Dolanji, H.P., 1974. L5DL = Ngag-dbang-blo-bzang-rgya-mtsho (1617-1682), Za hor gyi ban de ngag dbang blo bzang rgya mtsho’i ’di snang ’khrul pa’i rol rtsed rtogs brjod kyi tshul du bkod pa du kï la’i gos bzang. (Autobiography of the 5th Dalai Lama...

  20. Surface wave array tomography in SE Tibet from ambient seismic noise and two-station analysis - II. Crustal and upper-mantle structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, H; Beghein, C; Van Der Hilst, RD

    2008-01-01

    a tectonic terrane, called the Chuan-Dian Fragment (Fig. 1b;the approximate region of the Chuan-Dian Fragment. The majordirection across the Chuan-Dian Fragment. Mantle anisotropy

  1. A nineteenth-century Bonpo pilgrim in Western Tibet and Nepal: Episodes from the life of dKar ru grub dbang bsTan 'dzin rin chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramble, Charles

    2008-01-01

    of prefabricated attitudes set up for demolition by his exemplary discourse. Contrary to what we might have expected from the author of the Gangs ti se dkar chag, Bonpos in the narrative receive no special favours above Buddhists; some of his sharpest barbs... the tutelage of a certain lDang lnga Kun dga’. It was on the third day of the Sa ga zla ba in a Fire Tiger year (1806) that Karu began to learn the Tibetan alphabet (36- 39). Two years later, in 1808, he moved into A tsho shes tshus house in Nor gling...

  2. Miocene initiation and acceleration of extension in the South Lunggar rift, western Tibet: Evolution of an active detachment system from structural mapping and (U-Th)/He thermochronology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Styron, Richard H.; Taylor, Michael Halford; Sundell, Kurt E.; Stockli, Daniel F.; Oalmann, Jeffrey A. G.; Mö ller, Andreas; McCallister, Andrew T.; Liu, Deliang

    2013-07-20

    assump- tions about the thermal state of the crust, particularly that the geothermal gradient is constant with depth and does not change during faulting, and radiogenic heating is not signifi- cant. These assumptions have been shown to be inaccurate... geotherms; these complications have to be well constrained [e.g., Stockli et al., 2002], or ignored. Furthermore, simple regression lines are rarely weighted by age uncertainty, thereby failing to take this important age information into account. [9...

  3. Thermochronometric analysis of the North Lunggar Rift: Implications for the timing of extension initiation and structural style of deformation in southern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sundell, Kurt E.

    2011-01-01

    LNG0409 5336 31.42470 83.51310 4.0 0.24 4.6 0.37 LNG0209 4942 31.43337 83.55980 2.9 0.17 3.5 0.28 LNG0109 4880 31.43743 83.56670 2.7 0.23 3.4 0.58 Detrital MT06170601 31.68391 83.59858 MT06170602 31.69093 83.58551 42 Table 1. Summary of apatite...-Th)/He Replicate Analysis Sample Age (Ma) error (Ma) U (ppm) Th (ppm) 147Sm (ppm) Th/U He (nmol/g) mass (?g) Ft ESR (?m) StdDev LNG0109-1 2.7 0.2 24.0 8.0 27.1 0.3 0.2 1.4 0.6 38.2 LNG0109-2 3.0 0.2 19.0 12.4 84.0 0.7 0.3 4.7 0.7 58.3 LNG0109-3 2.6 0.2 17.8 7.7 10...

  4. Geochemistry of crustally derived leucocratic igneous rocks from the Ulugh Muztagh Area, Northern Tibet and their implications for the formation of the Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenna, L. W.; Walker, J. Douglas

    1990-12-10

    Igneous rocks collected from the Ulugh Muztagh, 200 km south of the northern rim of the Tibetan Plateau (36°28?N, 87°29?E), form intrusive and extrusive bodies whose magmas were produced by partial melting of upper-crustal, primarily pelitic, source...

  5. Surface wave array tomography in SE Tibet from ambient seismic noise and two-station analysis - II. Crustal and upper-mantle structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, H; Beghein, C; Van Der Hilst, RD

    2008-01-01

    M.N. , 2006. Constraining P-wave velocity variations in2005. High- resolution surface wave tomography from ambienterror (? v ) of the shear wave speed along five vertical

  6. ENDOLITHIC HALOPHILES FOUND IN EVAPORITE SALTS ON TIBET PLATEAU AS A POTENTIAL ANALOG FOR MARTIAN LIFE IN SALINE ENVIRONMENT. F. J. Kong1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ], similar as those found on Mars [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]. Recently, widespread chloride-bearing materials were implied in regions of the southern highlands of Mars [10]. The geomorphology of these deposits of arid region were found and investigated. They showed that halite rocks are colonized by Chroococ

  7. Determination of the pore fluid pressure ratio at seismogenic megathrusts in subduction zones: Implications for strength of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seno, Tetsuzo

    and Sella, 2002]. In collision zones, such as the Himalaya-Tibet and Zagros, offscraping of underthrusting

  8. The War against Biotic Invasion - A New Challenge of Biodiversity Conservation for China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuhong

    2006-01-01

    Shanxi province within months. 40 The coconut leaf beetle (also known as coconut hispid or palm leaf beetle), an alienis danger that all of the coconut palms on the island could

  9. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Number of Year of units operation Huitang (self-consumption)Fengshun(self-consumption) Yangbajin Tibet Langjiu Naquare allowed to self-report the energy consumption of each

  10. 2005 Nature Publishing Group Crustal rheology of the Himalaya and Southern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    ,8 . Magnetotelluric data can be used to image subsurface electrical resistivity, a parameter sensitive to the presence from the Tibetan­Himalayan orogen from 778 E to 928 E, which show that low resistivity, interpreted in Southern Tibet. The geology of southern Tibet clearly records the collision of India with Asia. The Indus

  11. Pressure and temperature tuning of the valence band offset in cubic superlattices: The effects of piezoelectric fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in each layer reverses. As applications to practical systems, we calculated 1 the piezoelectric fields of piezoelectric fields T. D. Wena and L. P. Xu Department of Physics, North University of China, Taiyuan, Shanxi have been performed to study the effects of piezoelectric fields in superlattice systems. The results

  12. CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 52, MAYJUNE 2012 1209 Cereal cyst nematode (CCN) describes a group of closely

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappu, Hanu R.

    CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 52, MAY­JUNE 2012 1209 RESEARCH Cereal cyst nematode (CCN) describes a group, Institute of Crop Sciences, Shanxi Acad- emy of Agricultural Sciences, Taiyuan 030032, China; T.D. Murray:1209­1217 (2012). doi: 10.2135/cropsci2011.11.0591 © Crop Science Society of America | 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison

  13. Best Practices of the Alliance for Rural Electrification: what...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to supply potable water to 653 communities across Nigeria and the installation of a PV-Wind hybrid power system for a village in Tibet. Commenting of this new publication,...

  14. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was produced from brines from the Zabayu Salt Lake in western Tibet and the Taijinaier Salt Lake in Qinghai composite core drill samples of lithium-rich hectorite clay at its Kings Valley location in Nevada. Based

  15. Geophys. J. Int. (2009) 179, 763777 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04324.x GJIGeodynamicsandtectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cattin, Rodolphe

    2009-01-01

    to crustal structure, geothermal gradient as well as surface erosion. At a timescale of several million years, eastern Tibet, in which the paradoxical combination of persistent high-topographic gradients close-topographic gradients. However, a few

  16. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 11 Number 2 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1974-07-23

    and public collections. Tibet is a country of strong, luminous colours and clear outlines. The mystic art of Tibet, therefore, does not favour vagueness of any kind, but demands clear definition of design and colour. The backbone of Tibetan pictorial art... by the knowledge of the Three Worlds, and the Three Times, symboUzed by a flaming trident (triml). The staff itself represents the sushumna or the ecentral current of psychic energy, which combines the solar and lunar forces (piagaJa & ida, res­ pectively...

  17. On Bhutanese and Tibetan Dzongs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amundsen, Ingun Bruskeland

    2001-01-01

    Gyaltsen of the Phagmo Drupa, and according to Fernand Meyer his entourage stressed "the necessity for the reunified territories to have a `navel´ in the ancient Tibetan tradition of fortresses."50 Tucci relates that the "cradle of Tibet´s political... the construction of the Red Palace was: "It drew some 7,000 labourers - subjects who, owing to taxes and labour, had to work for the government - and more than 1,500 craftsmen, many likewise tied to the government by labour obligations. Emperor Kangxi (r.1662...

  18. Floodplain River Foodwebs in the Lower Mekong Basin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ou, Chouly

    2013-11-15

    Asia: China (Tibet), Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam (the Mekong delta). The Mekong River Basin is divided into two main sections: the Upper Mekong, which spans from Jifu Mountains of Tibet Autonomous prefecture of China to the border... of Burma and Laos, and the Lower Mekong, which covers the area from the Burma-Laos border to the Mekong Delta in Vietnam. The Mekong River plays a crucial role in the economy of many of these countries. China benefits from the river primarily through...

  19. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 13 Number 3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    and winter. the heat and cold are minimized, and the fear of famine. beasts of prey. poisonous serpents, poisonous insects, heat and cold are not great. "(Besides) the snow-.'lountains and other mountains there are great lakes of clear cool sparkling... and minerals were the food crops: barley, wheat, buck wheat, maize, millet, oats, peas and even rice. Snow mountains, great lakes and mighty rivers indeed made Tibet a happy land. An ancient hymn describes Tibet as "The centre of snow mountains: the source...

  20. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 32 Number 3 Number 3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    as caners of woodbiocks. copied official reports and files and I,cpt the diary of the Dalai Lallla. However we don'! kllow if tlley were also employed to carve the woodblocks for the Ilrst banknote series. 2b. Harrer. Heinrich: Siebell lTibet...

  1. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 22 Number 1 Full Issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    in our country at the moment and later, I take the liberty of reproducing below the rele­ vant portions of my article (1967). II "A decade ago the present writer had visited the tem­ ples and monasteries of Central Tibet in the company of some Ladakhi...

  2. Adverse Tunnelling Conditions Arising from Slope Instabilities A Case History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eberhardt, Erik

    ) has been under con- struction. The project includes a 60.5 m high concrete gravity dam, an underground 17 - 21 June 2001 Davos, Switzerland 2 and an underground power house which will eventually generate of the Hindustan-Tibet-Highway by a rock fall (LEFT). Rock slide at the dam site blocking the Satluj River (RIGHT

  3. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 17 Number 4 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1981-11-18

    tor ,common :moflks .aaprr,ing ,far ,Arhata·~. Iii} The '!'fana ofsert realised Gshen. :11 'has 1WO 'sspects:- ,a) T.he Sraxrakayana .accorning ,to '.which externalmOnion (tsong) Amdo in North East Tibet popularly known as Tsong Khapa, Je Rinpoche, Lobsang dakpa (Sumatikirti), he was the founder...

  4. Central Eurasian Studies (CEUS) Uzbek Coffee & Conversation Hour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robeson, Scott M.

    (314 E. Kirkwood Avenue) Finnish Coffee & Conversation Hour WEDNESDAYS, 5:30-6:30 pm, IMU Starbucks, IMU Starbucks Tibetan Tea & Conversation Hour THURSDAYS, 6:00-7:00 pm, Anyetsang's Little Tibet Restaurant (415 E. 4th Street) Turkish Coffee & Conversation Hour FRIDAYS, 1:00-2:00 pm, IMU Starbucks Uyghur

  5. Mantle fluids in the Karakoram fault: Helium isotope evidence Simon L. Klemperer a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fault Tibet Himalaya helium isotopes geothermal activity India­Asia collision a b s t r a c. Here we show 3 He/4 He ratios in geothermal springs along a 500-km segment of the KKF are 3­ 100 times of the ``mantle suture'' which we therefore locate vertically beneath the KKF, very close to the surface trace

  6. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qi-Bin

    tree-ring data and sunspot numbers indicated that the cross power around the 11-year solar cycle's personal copy Evidence of solar signals in tree rings of Smith fir from Sygera Mountain in southeast Tibet: Solar activity Tree rings Schwabe cycle Wavelet analysis Tibetan Plateau a b s t r a c t Solar activity

  7. letters to nature NATURE |VOL 408 |21/28 DECEMBER 2000 |www.nature.com 961

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassen, Rees

    may have been substantially underestimated. Our interpretation of the ALVZ is similar, in its tectonic aspect, to the interpretation of the low-velocity zone in TibetÐwhich has remarkably similar depth. R. Seismic evidence for an ancient rift beneath the Cumberland Plateau, Tennessee: A detailed

  8. 2012 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    States. In China, lithium carbonate was produced from brines from the Zabayu Salt Lake in western Tibet and from the Dongtai and Xitai Salt Lakes in Qinghai Province. China was the only country that produced, the company continued to make progress on a well drilling program designed to double Rockwood's lithium

  9. The House of 'Obs-mtsho - The History of a Bhutanese Gentry Family from the 13th to the 20th Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardussi, John A.

    2000-01-01

    deities in the greater Himalayan region (see René de Nebesky-Wojkowitz, Oracles and Demons of Tibet, London: Oxford University Press, 1956, p. 222). dGe-bsnyen chen-po Jag-pa Me-len was one of the chief local protectors in western Bhutan. His...

  10. University of Heidelberg Institute of Environmental Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roth, Kurt

    % of permafrost soils below 500 m asl ! 10% of permafrost soils above 3000 m asl mostly on Qinghai-Tibet plateau in permafrost soils ·climate warming leads to decomposition ·release of huge amounts of CH4 and CO2 positiveUniversity of Heidelberg Institute of Environmental Physics Physics of Glaciers and Permafrost

  11. Velocity and Attenuation Structure of the Tibetan Lithosphere Under the Hi-CLIMB Array From the Modeling of Pn Attributes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowack, Robert L.

    Velocity and Attenuation Structure of the Tibetan Lithosphere Under the Hi-CLIMB Array From earthquakes in Tibet recorded by the Hi-CLIMB experiment, Pn attributes are used to constrain the velocity gradient and attenuation structure of the Tibetan lithosphere under the Hi-CLIMB array. Numerical modeling

  12. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 312 (2011) 411-421 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    2011-01-01

    deep crust in the Pamir Jennifer Schmidt a, Bradley R. Hacker a,*, Lothar Ratschbacher b, Konstanze shortening within Tibet is -300-500 km * Corresponding author. E-mail address: hacker@geol.ucsb.edu (B.R. Hacker). 0012-821X/$ - see front matter © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. doi:10.1 016/j.eps1

  13. Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 5, Issue 7 (Special Issue), 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himalayan Association for the Advancement of Science

    2008-01-01

    zircon ages of eclogites in the Stak massif, northern Pakistan Nicolas Riel, Kéiko Hattori, Stéphane Guillot, Nicole Rayner, Bill Davis, Mohamad Latif and Allah B. Kausar, Page 119 Structural, paleogeographic and topographic evolution of the northern... Hallet, Page Chamberlain, William Kidd and Peter Koons, Page 176 Paleomagnetic and Geochronologic Results From Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic Rocks of the Central Tibet: Implications for the Paleogeography of the Qiangtang Terrane Xixi Zhao, Pete Lippert...

  14. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 23 Number 2 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1987-07-29

    Richardson, advised strongly for the inclusion of the Simla Convention in the forthcoming edition of Aitchison's Treaties. The relevant volume had, however, been printed off. The print was called back and a fresh print made in which the Simla Convention... in Tibet Region of China. The concrete measures in this regard will be decided upon through further negotiations between the Indian Embassy in China and the foreign Ministry of China, which shall sta.rt immediately after the ex­ change of the present...

  15. Gray Tuttle, Tibetan Buddhists in the Making of Modern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagou, Fabienne

    2009-01-01

    to the political status of Tibet before the founding of the Chinese republic and are very few. Thus “Qi hou Xizang wu tongyi zhi guowang” became “Qi hou Xizang wu tongyi zhi wang” (“guo,” which designates a country, has been erased). Later in the text, “Sajia... zhi zhengquan” (the Sa skya political power) was erased, and “Xizang zhi fojiao” (Tibetan Buddhism) became “fojiao” (Buddhism). Into the second part, which begins with the sentence “After the founding of the Republic” (Minguo chengli yihou...

  16. The Tibetan Literature and Its Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pathak, Suniti Kumar

    1996-01-01

    important materials on the popular sci­ ences like astronomy, mathematics, mensuration, calculas, accountancy, chemi­ cal knowledge of the organic and inorganic matters. animal husbandry and agri­ cultural know-how etc. Moreover, the exellence of the Tibetan... administration in exile and the tradi­ tionally learned Tibetans outside Tibet endeavour to maintain the standard liter­ ary trend by adapting some reformed style in compostion as far as practicable. in their writings by compromise with the modernism. Obviously...

  17. Development of Yangbajing Air shower Core detector array for a new EAS hybrid Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jinsheng; Chen, Ding; Zhang, Ying; Zhai, Liuming; Chen, Xu; Hu, Xiaobin; Lin, Yuhui; Zhang, Xueyao; Feng, Cunfeng; Jia, Huanyu; Zhou, Xunxiu; DanZengLuoBu,; Chen, Tianlu; Li, Haijin; Liu, Maoyuan; Yuan, Aifang

    2015-01-01

    Aiming at the observation of cosmic-ray chemical composition at the "knee" energy region, we have been developinga new type air-shower core detector (YAC, Yangbajing Air shower Core detector array) to be set up at Yangbajing (90.522$^\\circ$ E, 30.102$^\\circ$ N, 4300 m above sea level, atmospheric depth: 606 g/m$^2$) in Tibet, China. YAC works together with the Tibet air-shower array (Tibet-III) and an underground water cherenkov muon detector array (MD) as a hybrid experiment. Each YAC detector unit consists of lead plates of 3.5 cm thick and a scintillation counter which detects the burst size induced by high energy particles in the air-shower cores. The burst size can be measured from 1 MIP (Minimum Ionization Particle) to $10^{6}$ MIPs. The first phase of this experiment, named "YAC-I", consists of 16 YAC detectors each having the size 40 cm $\\times$ 50 cm and distributing in a grid with an effective area of 10 m$^{2}$. YAC-I is used to check hadronic interaction models. The second phase of the experiment,...

  18. Semicoke production and quality at Chinese vertical SJ furnaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.M. Strakhov; I.V. Surovtseva; A.V. D'yachenko; V.M. Men'shenin [Kuznetsk Center, Eastern Coal-Chemistry Institute (Russian Federation)

    2007-05-15

    In Russia there has been little interest on the thermal processing of non-sintering coal. However it may be used to obtain many special types of coke and semicoke that are necessary for processes other than blast furnace smelting and employing small metallurgical coke fractions that do not meet the relevant quality requirements. China has recently made great progress in developing the thermal processing of coal (mainly energy coal) to obtain a highly effective product, semicoke, primarily used in metallurgy and adsorption process. The article considers the operation of a Chinese semicoking plant equipped with vertical SJ furnaces. The plant is in the Shenmu district of Shanxi province (Inner Mongolia). The enterprise includes two furnaces of total output of about 100,000 t/yr of semicoke.

  19. Experimental study on NOx emission and unburnt carbon of a radial biased swirl burner for coal combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shan Xue; Shi'en Hui; Qulan Zhou; Tongmo Xu

    2009-07-15

    Pilot tests were carried out on a 1 MW thermal pulverized coal fired testing furnace. Symmetrical combustion was implemented by use of two whirl burners with dual air adjustment. The burnout air device was installed in various places at the top of the main burner, which consists of a primary air pipe with a varying cross-section and an impact ring. In the primary air pipe, the air pulverized coal (PC) stream was separated into a whirling stream that was thick inside and thin outside, thus realizing the thin-thick distribution at the burner nozzle in the radial direction. From the comparative combustion tests of three coals with relatively great characteristic differences, Shaanbei Shenhua high rank bituminous coal (SH coal), Shanxi Hejin low rank bituminous coal (HJ coal), and Shanxi Changzhi meager coal (CZ coal), were obtained such test results as the primary air ratio, inner secondary air ratio, outer secondary air ratio, impact of the change of outer secondary air, change of the relative position for the layout of burnout air, change of the swirling intensity of the primary air and secondary air, etc., on the NOx emission, and unburnt carbon content in fly ash (CFA). At the same time, the relationship between the NOx emission and burnout ratio and affecting factors of the corresponding test items on the combustion stability and economic results were also acquired. The results may provide a vital guiding significance to engineering designs and practical applications. According to the experimental results, the influence of each individual parameter on NOx formation and unburned carbon in fly ash agrees well with the existing literature. In this study, the influences of various combinations of these parameters are also examined, thus providing some reference for the design of the radial biased swirl burner, the configuration of the furnace, and the distribution of the air. 23 refs., 14 figs., 2 tabs.

  20. The Genealogy of the Great Mongol King Kausri Han Alias bStan-'dzin chos-rgyal (1582-1654)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadhukhan, Sanjit Kumar

    1992-01-01

    THE GENEALOGY OF THE GREAT ,; MONGOL KING KAUSRI HAN ALIAS BSTAN- 'DZIN CHOS-RGYAL (1582-1654) • Sanjit Kumar Sadhukhan I n the political history of Tibet of the 17th century, Kau-sri Han (Gushi Khan I Khu-sril Gu-sri), an intrepid Mongol king... historians to feel it necessary to record the Genealogy of this famous king. The following Genealogy of Kau-s'ri Han, given first, is found in Deb-ther rgya-mtsho1, the exquisite work of Brag-dgon zhabs-drun bsTan-pa rab-rgyas (b. 1801), the 49th abbot...

  1. The skyabs-mgon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Nirmal Chandra

    1968-07-29

    -vyuha (abbr. Karandaryuha): the d~tailed description of the basket of the qualities of Avalokitesvara. Its first composition dates con­ siderably earlier than the fourth .century while the complete extant text (+3) perhaps belongs to the seventh century. Its... to fourteen successive Sprul-skus of the Sole God of Tibet: Dge-hdun-grub (1391 - r 475) to Bstan-hzin Rgya-mtsho (b. 1935). v "Lord, Thou art the most excellent Refuge to go for" Dam-chos-padma-dkar-po When the hierarch of the Yellow Sect was accepted...

  2. Perceptions of Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ura, Karma

    2001-01-01

    , in the first two decades of the 20th century, sought a peaceful Tibetan status as a buffer between three powers: China, Russia and Britain. But its view of Tibet vacillated and shifted several times from one of recognizing special relationship between China... 7.8 billion. Bhutan's export to India including electricity in the same year was Nu 4.7 billion. Thus, for Bhutan, revenue earning and balancing of trade is staked on hydro-power export to India. Hydropower has come to play an epic role...

  3. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 14 Number 1 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology,

    1978 Price per copy Rs. 7.50 For supply overseas (including air postage) £ 1.00 (British Sterling) 3/78 PRINTED AT THE RADIANT PROCESS, 6A, S. N. BANERJEE ROAD, CALCUTTA 700 013 AND PUBLISHED BY THE DIRECTOR, SIKKIM RESEARCH INSTITUTE... . In the beginning, that is, before Sanskrit made its impact, the annals and chronicles of Tibet were inspired by the Chinese tradition of Shih-chi (the Record of the Scribe=the Record of a Historian). The Chinese method of record-keeping meant a meticulous regard...

  4. Le mode d'emergence du Reel - L'avenement des manifestations de la base (gzhi snang) selon les conceptions de la Grande Perfection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achard, Jean-Luc

    2005-01-01

    — LE MODE D’EMERGENCE DU REEL —L’AVENEMENT DES MANIFESTATIONS DE LA BASE (GZHI SNANG)SELON LES CONCEPTIONS DE LA GRANDE PERFECTION* Par Jean-Luc Achard (CNRS) a tradition tibétaine de la Grande Perfection (rDzogs chen)représente un courant important... ’àl’époque dynastique (8e siècle) au Tibet1. L’un des élements essentiels de sapensée consiste dans la notion de Base (gzhi) qui est la pierre angulaire desenseignements de la Grande Perfection2.Définie en tant que la “Base de l’état naturel” (gzhi’i gnas lugs) del...

  5. Ethnohistoric Notes on the Ancient Tibetan Kingdom of sPo bo and its influence on the Eastern Himalayas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazcano, Santiago

    2005-01-01

    ON THE ANCIENT TIBETANKINGDOM OF sPO BO AND ITS INFLUENCE ONTHE EASTERN HIMALAYAS1 Santiago Lazcano Translated from Spanish by Rita Granda …In late 1910 the Pome people killed a senior Chinese official. The Chinese replied with a punitiveexpedition which provoked... in the great gTsang po River5. Unlike most of Tibet,this area is humid and fertile and it is covered in dense forests and steepgorges. Wheat, barley, peaches and nuts grow in abundance. sPo yul is alsoknown for its production of honey, spices, bamboo...

  6. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 6 Number 1 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1969-02-17

    transmissions of the slaves and that its origin can be found in the Tibetan prayer cylin­ ders rotating on a vertical axle and powered by an anemometer like wind turbine. The earliest appearance of this in Tibet is unlikely to have preceded the introduction... emitted is thus directed onto the flame and the hot air carried with it blows the fire up. as I haye observed in experiments with myownmodel. Ata high altitude this is particularly useful. Needham suggests (8) that Alexander the Great's soldiers may...

  7. Father Estevao Cacella's Report on Bhutan in 1627

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baillie, Luiza Maria

    1999-01-01

    where the terrain allowed this, and soon we saw through the trees a great number of people waiting to welcome us and we heard the sound of (Fol. 8) cornets and trumpets similar to the instruments used in their festivals. Here there were a hundred... 3 journey through Bhutan, which would eventually take them to Tibet where they founded a mission in Shigatse, the seat of the Panchen Lama and of the great Tibetan monastery of Tashilhunpo. Cacella arrived in Shigatse in November 1627 and Cabral...

  8. Development of Yangbajing Air shower Core detector array for a new EAS hybrid Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jinsheng Liu; Jing Huang; Ding Chen; Ying Zhang; Liuming Zhai; Xu Chen; Xiaobin Hu; Yuhui Lin; Xueyao Zhang; Cunfeng Feng; Huanyu Jia; Xunxiu Zhou; DanZengLuoBu; Tianlu Chen; Haijin Li; Maoyuan Liu; Aifang Yuan

    2015-07-06

    Aiming at the observation of cosmic-ray chemical composition at the "knee" energy region, we have been developinga new type air-shower core detector (YAC, Yangbajing Air shower Core detector array) to be set up at Yangbajing (90.522$^\\circ$ E, 30.102$^\\circ$ N, 4300 m above sea level, atmospheric depth: 606 g/m$^2$) in Tibet, China. YAC works together with the Tibet air-shower array (Tibet-III) and an underground water cherenkov muon detector array (MD) as a hybrid experiment. Each YAC detector unit consists of lead plates of 3.5 cm thick and a scintillation counter which detects the burst size induced by high energy particles in the air-shower cores. The burst size can be measured from 1 MIP (Minimum Ionization Particle) to $10^{6}$ MIPs. The first phase of this experiment, named "YAC-I", consists of 16 YAC detectors each having the size 40 cm $\\times$ 50 cm and distributing in a grid with an effective area of 10 m$^{2}$. YAC-I is used to check hadronic interaction models. The second phase of the experiment, called "YAC-II", consists of 124 YAC detectors with coverage about 500 m$^2$. The inner 100 detectors of 80 cm $\\times $ 50 cm each are deployed in a 10 $\\times$ 10 matrix from with a 1.9 m separation and the outer 24 detectors of 100 cm $\\times$ 50 cm each are distributed around them to reject non-core events whose shower cores are far from the YAC-II array. YAC-II is used to study the primary cosmic-ray composition, in particular, to obtain the energy spectra of proton, helium and iron nuclei between 5$\\times$$10^{13}$ eV and $10^{16}$ eV covering the "knee" and also being connected with direct observations at energies around 100 TeV. We present the design and performance of YAC-II in this paper.

  9. Applying Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) spectral indices for geological mapping and mineral identification on the Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corrie, Robert; Aitchison, Jonathan

    2011-01-01

    The Tibetan Plateau holds clues to understanding the dynamics and mechanisms associated with continental growth. Part of the region is characterized by zones of ophiolitic melange believed to represent the remnants of ancient oceanic crust and underlying upper mantle emplaced during oceanic closures. However, due to the remoteness of the region and the inhospitable terrain many areas have not received detailed investigation. Increased spatial and spectral resolution of satellite sensors have made it possible to map in greater detail the mineralogy and lithology than in the past. Recent work by Yoshiki Ninomiya of the Geological Survey of Japan has pioneered the use of several spectral indices for the mapping of quartzose, carbonate, and silicate rocks using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) thermal infrared (TIR) data. In this study, ASTER TIR indices have been applied to a region in western-central Tibet for the purposes of assessing their effectiveness for differentiatin...

  10. Gamma-Ray Bursts, Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays, and Cosmic Gamma-Ray Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomonori Totani

    1999-04-13

    We argue that gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) may be the origin of the cosmic gamma-ray background radiation observed in GeV range. It has theoretically been discussed that protons may carry a much larger amount of energy than electrons in GRBs, and this large energy can be radiated in TeV range by synchrotron radiation of ultra-high-energy protons (\\sim 10^{20} eV). The possible detection of GRBs above 10 TeV suggested by the Tibet and HEGRA groups also supports this idea. If this is the case, most of TeV gamma-rays from GRBs are absorbed in intergalactic fields and eventually form GeV gamma-ray background, whose flux is in good agreement with the recent observation.

  11. Sur la Tendance aux Metaphores Visuelles: aller voir lHa bstun chen po au Sikkim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinmann, Brigitte

    ril'ii!rc Tce.'itif. A1ais des l1Iarchul/{!s Ics il1lercepr(;relll el/cs )lolerelll pOllr Ics l'ellllre. IHa htSllll rel'inl ((11 Sikkilll el se rendil ltlHa ris slIying pllllg (I '//lIe des groltes secretes ((It 1I0nl dc Pad ma gyallg rIse). /I Y... \\oiement I Roland Recht, Le ('mire et le mir. L 'art des c(fth~drales (X/lc-.\\Ye sieele). Paris. Gallimard, 1999. p. 137. Voir Anne Chayet sur riconometrie et I'iconographie dans la peinture et la sculpture tibetaines (Art et Arc/n;%gie till Tibet, Paris...

  12. Crustal structure of mountain belts and basins: Industry and academic collaboration at Cornell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allmendinger, R.; Barazangi, M.; Brown, L. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)] [and others

    1995-08-01

    Interdisciplinary investigations of the large-scale structure and evolution of key basins and orogenic belts around the world are the focal point of academic-industry interaction at Cornell. Ongoing and new initiatives with significant industry involvement include: Project INDEPTH (Interdisciplinary Deep Profiling of Tibet and the Himalayas), a multinational effort to delineate deep structure across the type example of active continent-continent collision. 300 km of deep reflection profiling was collected across the Himalaya: and southern Tibet Plateau in 1992 and 1994. CAP (Cornell Andes Project), a long-standing interdisciplinary effort to understand the structure and evolution of the Andes, with a focus on Argentina, Chile and Bolivia. A deep reflection profile is tentatively planned for 1997. Intra-plate Orogeny in the Middle East and North Africa is the focus of multidisciplinary regional syntheses of existing seismic reflection and other databases in Syria (Palmyrides)and Morocco (Atlas), with an emphasis on reactivation and inversion tectonics. Project URSEIS (Urals Reflection Seismic Experiment and Integrated Studies) is a collaboration with EUROPROBE to collect 500 km of vibroseis and dynamite deep reflection profiling across the southern Urals in 1995. Project CRATON, an element in COCORP`s systematic exploration of the continental US, is a nascent multi-disciplinary effort to understand the buried craton of the central US and the basins built upon it. Global Basins Research Network (GBRN) is a diversified observational and computational effort to image and model the movement of pore fluids in detail and on a regional scale for a producing oil structure in the Gulf of Mexico.

  13. Lithospheric Thickness Modeled from Long Period Surface Wave Dispersion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M E

    2008-05-15

    The behavior of surface waves at long periods is indicative of subcrustal velocity structure. Using recently published dispersion models, we invert surface wave group velocities for lithospheric structure, including lithospheric thickness, over much of the Eastern Hemisphere, encompassing Eurasia, Africa, and the Indian Ocean. Thicker lithosphere under Precambrian shields and platforms are clearly observed, not only under the large cratons (West Africa, Congo, Baltic, Russia, Siberia, India), but also under smaller blocks like the Tarim Basin and Yangtze craton. In contrast, it is found that remobilized Precambrian structures like the Saharan Shield and Sino-Korean Paraplatform do not have well-established lithospheric keels. The thinnest lithospheric thickness is found under oceanic and continental rifts, as well as along convergence zones. We compare our results to thermal models of continental lithosphere, lithospheric cooling models of oceanic lithosphere, lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB) estimates from S-wave receiver functions, and velocity variations of global tomography models. In addition to comparing results for the broad region, we examine in detail the regions of Central Africa, Siberia, and Tibet. While there are clear differences in the various estimates, overall the results are generally consistent. Inconsistencies between the estimates may be due to a variety of reasons including lateral and depth resolution differences and the comparison of what may be different lithospheric features.

  14. The cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum measured by the ARGO-YBJ experiment in the energy range 3-300 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :,; Bernardini, P; Bi, X J; Cao, Z; Catalanotti, S; Chen, S Z; Chen, T L; Cui, S W; Dai, B Z; D'Amone, A; Danzengluobu,; De Mitri, I; Piazzoli, B D'Ettorre; Di Girolamo, T; Di Sciascio, G; Feng, C F; Feng, Zhaoyang; Feng, Zhenyong; Gou, Q B; Guo, Y Q; He, H H; Hu, Haibing; Hu, Hongbo; Iacovacci, M; Iuppa, R; Jia, H Y; Labaciren,; Li, H J; Liu, C; Liu, J; Liu, M Y; Lu, H; Ma, L L; Ma, X H; Mancarella, G; Mari, S M; Marsella, G; Mastroianni, S; Montini, P; Ning, C C; Perrone, L; Pistilli, P; Salvini, P; Santonico, R; Settanta, G; Shen, P R; Sheng, X D; Shi, F; Surdo, A; Tan, Y H; Vallania, P; Vernetto, S; Vigorito, C; Wang, H; Wu, C Y; Wu, H R; Xue, L; Yang, Q Y; Yang, X C; Yao, Z G; Yuan, A F; Zha, M; Zhang, H M; Zhang, L; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhao, J; Zhaxiciren,; Zhaxisangzhu,; Zhou, X X; Zhu, F R; Zhu, Q Q

    2015-01-01

    The ARGO-YBJ experiment is a full-coverage air shower detector located at the Yangbajing Cosmic Ray Observatory (Tibet, People's Republic of China, 4300 m a.s.l.). The high altitude, combined with the full-coverage technique, allows the detection of extensive air showers in a wide energy range and offer the possibility of measuring the cosmic ray proton plus helium spectrum down to the TeV region, where direct balloon/space-borne measurements are available. The detector has been in stable data taking in its full configuration from November 2007 to February 2013. In this paper the measurement of the cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum is presented in the region 3-300 TeV by analyzing the full collected data sample. The resulting spectral index is $\\gamma = -2.64 \\pm 0.01$. These results demonstrate the possibility of performing an accurate measurement of the spectrum of light elements with a ground based air shower detector.

  15. The cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum measured by the ARGO-YBJ experiment in the energy range 3-300 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The ARGO-YBJ Collaboration; :; B. Bartoli; P. Bernardini; X. J. Bi; Z. Cao; S. Catalanotti; S. Z. Chen; T. L. Chen; S. W. Cui; B. Z. Dai; A. D'Amone; Danzengluobu; I. De Mitri; B. D'Ettorre Piazzoli; T. Di Girolamo; G. Di Sciascio; C. F. Feng; Zhaoyang Feng; Zhenyong Feng; Q. B. Gou; Y. Q. Guo; H. H. He; Haibing Hu; Hongbo Hu; M. Iacovacci; R. Iuppa; H. Y. Jia; Labaciren; H. J. Li; C. Liu; J. Liu; M. Y. Liu; H. Lu; L. L. Ma; X. H. Ma; G. Mancarella; S. M. Mari; G. Marsella; S. Mastroianni; P. Montini; C. C. Ning; L. Perrone; P. Pistilli; P. Salvini; R. Santonico; G. Settanta; P. R. Shen; X. D. Sheng; F. Shi; A. Surdo; Y. H. Tan; P. Vallania; S. Vernetto; C. Vigorito; H. Wang; C. Y. Wu; H. R. Wu; L. Xue; Q. Y. Yang; X. C. Yang; Z. G. Yao; A. F. Yuan; M. Zha; H. M. Zhang; L. Zhang; X. Y. Zhang; Y. Zhang; J. Zhao; Zhaxiciren; Zhaxisangzhu; X. X. Zhou; F. R. Zhu; Q. Q. Zhu

    2015-03-24

    The ARGO-YBJ experiment is a full-coverage air shower detector located at the Yangbajing Cosmic Ray Observatory (Tibet, People's Republic of China, 4300 m a.s.l.). The high altitude, combined with the full-coverage technique, allows the detection of extensive air showers in a wide energy range and offer the possibility of measuring the cosmic ray proton plus helium spectrum down to the TeV region, where direct balloon/space-borne measurements are available. The detector has been in stable data taking in its full configuration from November 2007 to February 2013. In this paper the measurement of the cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum is presented in the region 3-300 TeV by analyzing the full collected data sample. The resulting spectral index is $\\gamma = -2.64 \\pm 0.01$. These results demonstrate the possibility of performing an accurate measurement of the spectrum of light elements with a ground based air shower detector.

  16. Pinpointing the knee of cosmic rays with diffuse PeV ?-rays and neutrinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Y. Q.; Hu, H. B.; Yuan, Q.; Tian, Z.; Gao, X. J. [Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2014-11-01

    The origin of the knee in the cosmic ray spectrum remains to be an unsolved fundamental problem. There are various kinds of models that predict different break positions and the compositions of the knee. In this work, we suggest the use of diffuse ?-rays and neutrinos as probes to test these models. Based on several typical types of composition models, the diffuse ?-ray and neutrino spectra are calculated and show distinctive cutoff behaviors at energies from tens of TeV to multi-PeV. The expected flux will be observable by the newly upgraded Tibet-AS?+MD (muon detector) experiment as well as more sensitive future projects, such as LHAASO and HiSCORE. By comparing the neutrino spectrum with the recent observations by the IceCube experiment, we find that the diffuse neutrinos from interactions between the cosmic rays and the interstellar medium may not be responsible to the majority of the IceCube events. Future measurements of the neutrinos may be able to identify the Galactic diffuse component and shed further light on the problem of the knee of cosmic rays.

  17. Climate-Energy Nexus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary Sayler; Randall Gentry; Jie Zhuang

    2010-07-01

    The 140-page published proceedings of the workshop include individual articles and PowerPoint slides for all workshop presentations. The proceedings also contain pertinent background information on the China-US Joint Research Center, partnering organizations, and workshop goals and objectives. Overall, the workshop increased the understanding of the impacts of climate change on energy use and renewable energy production as well as the complex relationships among land use, energy production, and ecological restoration. The workshop served as an international platform for scientists and students of different research backgrounds to develop a unified perspective on energy and climate relationships. Such understanding will benefit future cooperation between China and the US in mitigating global climate change. The workshop’s agenda, which is highly interdisciplinary, explored many potential opportunities for international collaboration in ecosystem management, climate modeling, greenhouse gas emissions, and bioenergy sustainability. International research groups have been suggested in the areas of genomes and biotechnology of energy plants, sustainable management of soil and water resources, carbon sequestration, and microbial processes for ecological cycles. The project has attracted considerable attention from institutes beyond the China-US Joint Research Center partners, and several of them (such as Institute of Qing-Tibet Plateau Research, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Institute of Applied Ecology, CAS) have expressed interest in joining the partnership. In addition, the workshop played a significant role in facilitating establishment of private-public partnerships between government and private bioenergy companies (such as L.R. Shugarts and Associates, Inc.), including seed providers (Blade Energy Crops, Thousand Oaks, CA), pilot demonstration projects at coal-producing cities (e.g., Huaibei, Anhui province, China), and the development of methodology for assessment of the sustainable production of biofuels (such as life-cycle analysis, sustainability metrics, and land-use policy). Establishment of two US-China scientific research networks in the area of bioenergy and environmental science is a significant result of the workshop.