Sample records for tibet jiangxi shanxi

  1. Jiangxi Ganneng Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Jiangxi Sornid high tech Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. Jiangxi Jiahua Silicon Material Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  4. Jiangxi Risun Solar Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Jiangxi Sinoma New Solar Materials Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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  6. India and Tibet: Geographical Considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Nirmal Chandra

    in the Chinese People's RepUblic, including development in Tibet itself, can be used for the production of electric power. A scientific expedition conducting research in Tibet in 1951-53 searched out and e""imated the avail., able reserves of hydro... INDIA AND TIBET -Geograpbieal CoDSIcleratiollS- -NIRMAL C. SINHA I No two scholars or no two explorers would agree about the precise territorial limits of Tibet. This would be as much true in 1900-07 when both Britain and Russia were determined...

  7. Jiangxi Green Avon New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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  8. Jiangxi Huahui Industrial Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. Jiangxi Jingde Semiconductor Materials Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  10. Jiangxi Province Ruijin City Liujinba Hydro Development Co Ltd | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  11. Jiangxi Quannan Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. Shanxi Taiyuan Zihuan Environmental Protection Technology | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. Shanxi Ziyang Zheli Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  14. Mesozoic magmatism and granitic dome in the Wugongshan Massif, Jiangxi province and their genetical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Mesozoic magmatism and granitic dome in the Wugongshan Massif, Jiangxi province and their genetical,CNRS - Université d'Orleans, 45067 Orleans 2, France Abstract In SE China, a Mesozoic granitic dome coeval and granitic gneisses, and the E­W-trending Late-Paleozoic­Mesozoic Pingxiang and Anfu basins are located along

  15. Bon-The Primitive Religion of Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Anukul Chandra

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and in certain parts still extant". Jaschke3 holds the view that Bon is the nameQf the early religion of Tibet, concerning which but very imperfect acqounts are existing; so much is certain that sorcery was the principl~feature of it. 1. Encyclopaedia ot... Religion and ethics. 333. 2. P.879. 3. A Tibetan-English Dictlonary-P. 372, 1 When Buddhism became the religion of State. the former was considered heretical and condemnable and Lha-cos and bon-cos, or shorter cos and bon, were placed in opposition...

  16. Tibet, Kashmir and North India 647-747

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prakash, Buddha

    1969-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    and Kashmir were vital arteries of commerce and commu nication and hence the bone of contention among these powers. But Tibet was the strongest among these contestants. Srong-btsan-sgam-po's son Mang-srong-btsan (699-712) defeated the Chinese when... and Ilullural upliftment. Thus TIbet emerged as a great power on the Asian scene. The consolidation of a big power across the frontier is usually a menace for a country, for 'two is company. three is none' is the velY antithesis of truth in political history...

  17. The current municipal solid waste management situation in Tibet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang Jianguo [Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing (China)], E-mail: byshoulder@gmail.com; Lou Zhiying; Ng Silo [Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing (China); Luobu Ciren; Ji Duo [Tibet Energy Resources Research and Demonstration Center, 100085 Lhasa (China)

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tibetan Plateau has an average altitude of more than 4,000 m. The total area of Tibetan Plateau is 2,400,000 km{sup 2}, which occupies 25% of the area of China. Due to the high altitude, the environment has low atmospheric pressure, low oxygen content, and low temperature, and is also fragile. Investigations concerning MSW generation and characteristics, MSW management, collection and transportation, and treatment and disposal of MSW covered four representative cities, including the urban areas of Lhasa city, Shigatse, Nedong of Lhoka and Bayi of Nyingtri. The results show that MSW generation in the urban areas of Lhasa city and Tibet were 450 t/d and 3,597 t/d, respectively, in 2006. However, accelerated economic development and flourishing tourism caused by the opening of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway (QTR) have greatly increased solid waste generation to a new high. It is predicted that MSW generation in Tibet will reach 4,026 t/d in 2010 and 4,942 t/d in 2020. MSW management and disposal lag behind MSW generation due to a number of factors such as equipment shortage, insufficient maintenance, exhaustion of waste treatment capacity and low recycling efficiency. Still, MSW in most areas is dumped in the open with no controls. Because no appropriate collection and treatment systems for leachate and landfill gas exist, untreated leachate is discharged directly into the environment, causing serious secondary pollution. Some suggestions on improving the MSW management system are presented in this paper.

  18. Tibet Huaguan Tech Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  19. Forecasting the Path of China's CO2 Emissions Using Province Level Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auffhammer, Maximilian; Carson, Richard T.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    municipalities; Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Tibet andGrowth Rate Yunnan Inner Mongolia Guangdong (1988) Beijing (Guangdong (1988) Inner Mongolia Jiangxi Heilongjian Hunan

  20. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effective 1993 21. Inner Mongolia Grid Basic ElectricityTibet), and Inner Mongolia), and relatively abundant (>170f U Heberf- Shanxi Inner Mongolia North Potential Annual

  1. The Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950: an analysis of the American response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murry, Ellen Theresa

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of stabilizing and delineating their northern frontier. Coincidentally, Russia was undertaking the same process along its southern borders, and the two powers converged in Tibet. Lord G. N. Curzon, the Indian Viceroy, in initiating his forward policy...- quently, China exerted little influence in Tibet and was unable either to protect it, or to prevent it from becoming a place of contention between the rival great powers of Europe, Great Britain, and Russia. In India, the British were in the process...

  2. The Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950: an analysis of the American response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murry, Ellen Theresa

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE CHINESE "INVASION" OF TIBET IN 1950: AN ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN RESPONSE A Thesis by ELLEN THERESA MURRY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF ARTS May 1982 Major Subject; History THE CHINESE "INVASION" OF TIBET IN 1950: AN ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN RESPONSE A Thesis by ELLEN THERESA HURRY Approved as to style and content by: a rman o omm1t e) (Member) (Member) em er ea epartme May...

  3. UPb SHRIMP zircon geochronology and Ttd history of the Kampa Dome, southern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandiford, Mike

    U­Pb SHRIMP zircon geochronology and T­t­d history of the Kampa Dome, southern Tibet M.C. Quigley a al., 2004; Aoya et al., 2005, 2006; Quigley et al., 2006; Lee et al., 2006). Several workers have

  4. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 95, No. 3, pp. 12021208, June 2005, doi: 10.1785/0120040098 Broadband Seismic Noise Analysis of the Himalayan Nepal Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheehan, Anne F.

    , doi: 10.1785/0120040098 Broadband Seismic Noise Analysis of the Himalayan Nepal Tibet Seismic at sites to stabilize after deployment noise as part of the Himalayan Nepal Tibet Seismic Experiment (HIMNT seismometer deployed in Nepal and Tibet and then compared them with the high-noise model and low-noise Model

  5. Direct dating of Eocene reverse faulting in northeastern Tibet using Ar-dating of fault clays and low-temperature thermochronometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Direct dating of Eocene reverse faulting in northeastern Tibet using Ar-dating of fault clays fault of northeastern Tibet by dating several size fractions of fault gouge clay that represent variable Ma and continued until at least Middle Miocene time and that authigenic clay growth occurred

  6. The forward particle production in the energy range of 1 PeV as seen with the Tibet hybrid experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Tibet As? Collaboration

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We are now operating the 500 m2 Yangbajing air-shower core (YAC-II) array near the center of the Tibet air-shower array (Tibet-III) to observe cosmic-ray chemical composition at the knee energy region since February 2011. The first step of YAC, called YAC-I, containing 16 detector units, was operated from May, 2009 to February, 2010. In this paper, we used the YAC-I and Tibet-III coincident data set obtained from May, 2009 through January, 2010 to present the electromagnetic spectrum of air shower cores at around 1015 eV energy region. The effective live time is calculated as 100.5 days. We would like to report the comparison of our experimental data with MC model prediction in this paper.

  7. Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor Alkali

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  8. Statuary Metals in Tibet and the Himalayas: History, Tradition and Modern Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bue, Erberto Lo

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the remaining ones being wood, stone, clay, papier-mtkh~ and ivory. As it was not always possible to distinguish with certainty betwen Tibetan and Nepalese images, owing to the activities of Newar sculptors in all parts of Tibet for many centuries, some... as not to exhaust the supply, but the people of sNye-mo also picked up loose bits on the mining site in order to sell them for their own gain (Ronge. 1978: 148). 'Jam-dpal-rdo-rje specifically mentions "malachi tel! (Tib.: spang) and "azurite" (Tib...

  9. Two Nineteenth Century Trade Routes in the Eastern Himalayas: the Bhutanese trade with Tibet and Bengal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Ratna; Ray, Indrajit

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the freezing point in the Himalayan kingdoms, it was by far the best season for caravan trade. The chance of rain was least; also the river beds were dry so that the caravans could smoothly proceed along those beds minimizing their toil and fatalities. Food... was cheap, especially barley, meat and wine, and easily available in the route-side localities.9 Also, this was the season when farm activities were slack, and farmers had time to vend their crops and to opt for subsidiary jobs. In Tibet, for example...

  10. Long-term premonitory seismicity patterns in Tibet and the Himalayas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keilis-Borok, V.; Knopoff, L.; Allen, C.R.

    1980-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An attempt is made to identify seismicity patterns precursory to great earthquakes in most of Tibet as well as the central and eastern Himalayas. The region has considerable tectonic homogeneity and encompasses parts of China. India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Burma. Two seismicity patterns previously described were used (1) pattern ..sigma.. is a peak in the sum of earthquake energies raised to the power of about 2/3, taken over a sliding time window and within a magnitude range less than that of events we are trying to predict; and (2) pattern S (Swarms) consists of the spatial clustering of earthquakes during a time interval when the seismicity is above average. Within the test region, distinct peaks in pattern ..sigma.. have occurred twice during the 78-year-long test period: in 1948--49, prior to the great 1950 Assam-Tibet earthquake (M=8.6) and in 1976. Peaks in pattern S have occurred three times; in 1932--1933, prior to the great 1934 Bihar-Nepal earthquake (M=8.3), in 1946, and in 1978. The 1934 and 1950 earthquakes were the only events in the region that exceeded M=8.0 during the test period. On the basis of experience here and elsewhere, the current peaks in both ..sigma.. and S suggest the likelihood of an M=8.0 event within 6 years or an M=8.5 event within 14 years. Such a prognostication should be viewed more as an experimental long-term enhancement of the probability that a large earthquake will occur than as an actual prediction, in view of the exceedingly large area encompassed and the very lengthy time window. Furthermore, the chances of a randomly occurring event as large as M=8.0 in the region are perhaps 21% within the next 6 years, and the present state of the art is such that we can place only limited confidence in such forecasts.

  11. Shanxi Milestone Biomass Energy Development Co Ltd | Open Energy

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  12. Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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  13. Shanxi Zhangze Power Inner Mongolia Subsidiary | Open Energy Information

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  14. Jiangxi Gemei Science and Technology Inc | Open Energy Information

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  15. Jiangxi Changjiang Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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  16. Jiangxi Ganneng Huaji New Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Jiangxi Jiangwan Hydro Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Jiangxi Wugongshan Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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  19. Please cite this article in press as: Yao, H., et al., Estimation of surface wave Green's functions from correlation of direct waves, coda waves, and ambient noise in SE Tibet. Phys. Earth Planet. In. (2009), doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2009.07.002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Hilst, Robert Dirk

    from correlation of direct waves, coda waves, and ambient noise in SE Tibet. Phys. Earth Planet. In. (2009), doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2009.07.002 ARTICLE IN PRESSG Model PEPI-5177; No.of Pages11 Physics with (plane wave) beamforming of the energy contributing to EGF construction. Beamforming also demonstrates

  20. Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohshita, Stephanie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hebei Shanxi Inner Mongolia Liaoning Jilin HeilongjiangHebei Shanxi Inner Mongolia Liaoning Jilin HeilongjiangHebei Shanxi Inner Mongolia Liaoning Jilin Heilongjiang

  1. Study of Sanskrit Grammer in Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Bhajagovinda

    and edited from Skt. MSS, as well as from Tibetan version, with full indices in ) 8905 is of opinion that Candra 33 flourished probably in the period between 465 and 544 A.D. The Candra;ya:arana is certainly earlier than the Kashika of Jayaditya...

  2. Late Cenozoic uplift of southeastern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Marin Kristen, 1973-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent field work and DEM analysis show that remnant, local areas of a low-relief land scape (or "erosion surface") are geographically continuous across the southeastern Tibetan Plateau margin and can be correlated in order ...

  3. ShanXi Xin Tong Intelligence Technical Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  4. Jiangxi Solar PV Corp JSPV aka Solar PV Corporation | Open Energy

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  5. Outsourcing CO2 within China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Qinghai, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia, capital formation inHebei, Henan, Inner Mongolia, and Shanxi), a substantialto Hebei, Henan, Inner Mongolia, and Shanxi were embodied

  6. Outsourcing CO2 within China.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Qinghai, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia, capital formation inHebei, Henan, Inner Mongolia, and Shanxi), a substantialto Hebei, Henan, Inner Mongolia, and Shanxi were embodied

  7. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Shanxi and Inner Mongolia. Southern coastal areas with59 billion tonnes. Inner Mongolia trails Shanxi with anliquefaction plant in Inner Mongolia. 44 China has reviewed

  8. area northern tibet: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    how this migration occurs, we focus here on one poten- tial mechanism that northern rock sole use 73 SouthernNorthern California Coastal Processes Annotated Bibliography:...

  9. au tibet oriental: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    70 Ma) Gangdese activity is expressed in granites west of Namche Barwa. 18 to 25 Ma granites occur both along the suture zone west of Gyala Peri, and directly north of Namche...

  10. Geothermal Resources Development in Tibet, China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005)Energy Information )EtInformationDevelopment

  11. Inner Mongolia Heilongjiang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    Guangxi Guizhou Hainan Guangdong Jiangxi Fujian Zhejiang Anhui Jiangsu Shandong Hebei Inner Mongolia

  12. Ar thermochronology of the Kampa Dome, southern Tibet: Implications for tectonic evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandiford, Mike

    of the North Himalayan gneiss domes Mark Quigley a,, Yu Liangjun b , Liu Xiaohan b , Christopher J.L. Wilson: +61 3 8344 7761. E-mail address: m.quigley2@pgrad.unimelb.edu.au (M. Quigley). 0040-1951/$ - see front

  13. Low wave speed zones in the crust beneath SE Tibet revealed by ambient noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Fenglin

    , China, 4 State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resource and Prospecting, and Unconventional Natural Gas's Interior, School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui Institute, China University of Petroleum, Beijing, China Abstract We present a refined 3D crustal model

  14. Twenty million years of continuous deformation along the Karakorum fault, western Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacassin, Robin

    slow cooling for the period $21 14 Ma, followed by rapid cooling between $14 and 4 Ma. These data demonstrate that right-lateral motion was in progress in the early Miocene and that shear continued at least-normal motion associated with the onset of rapid cooling. At the regional scale, the coexistence of transtension

  15. How the Tibetan Bodhisattva Kings invited Atisha Dipankara Sri-Jnana to Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunzang, Rechung Rimpoche Jampal

    1975-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Kea-sH~-mgon and the district of zhang-zhung and mang-yul to Prince dP .l-gyi-mgon and Prince IDe-g'sug-mgon respectively. The three provinc{;s were known as mNga'res-skar-gsum. .. bKra-~his-mgon h .. d two sons, mNga-bckg-kho-re and Srong nge. mNg;-bd; g-kho-re, in turn... and told him the purpose of his vhit to India. Thn Lotsava rgF-bt~on seng advised him not to disclose to anyone the purpose of his visit, but to say that he had come to further his studies. This advice way given because Ati5ha had a powerful patron...

  16. Deformation, erosion and sedimentation in collisional orogens : case studies from eastern Tibet and southwestern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Studnicki-Gizbert, Christopher Terrance

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation addresses aspects of the tectonics of regions adjacent to the eastern Himalayan syntaxis. The first chapter describes the Tertiary Gonjo basin, includes structural and sedimentologic observations, and ...

  17. Heterogeneity and anisotropy of the lithosphere of SE Tibet from surface wave array tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Huajian

    Understanding the geotectonic evolution of the southeastern Tibetan plateau requires knowledge about the structure of the lithosphere. Using data from 77 broadband stations in SW China, we invert Rayleigh wave phase velocity ...

  18. Steroids in sediments from Zabuye Salt Lake, western Tibet: diagenetic, ecological or climatic signals?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polly, David

    diagenesis and climate signals. Steroids, including sterols and sterenes, dominate the soluble organic matter to the biogeochemical change of organic matter during early diagenesis. 4,4-dimethyl spirosterenes and their possible rocks, as well as crude oils. Diagenesis of the organic matter occurring in waters and sediments

  19. Integrated tectonic and quantitative thermochronometric investigation of the Xainza rift, Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hager, Christian

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    (XRF) spectrometry and trace element concentrations obtained from standard solution ICPMS. Together with isotopic analysis, possible source areas for magmatic rocks in the central Lhasa terrane are discussed in a spatiotemporal framework. Comparison... rock was sent to the GeoAnalytical Lab at Washington State University (WSU) for further processing. Major elements were measured by X-ray fluorescence technique (XRF) on a ThermoARL AdvantXP+ automated sequential wavelength spectrometer and trace...

  20. The Paradox of Regulatory Development in China: The Case of the Electricity Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, Chung-min

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    provinces - Guangdong, Inner Mongolia, and Tibet - to theGuangdong, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Tibet, and Xinjiang.cent stake in the Inner Mongolia-based Northern United Power

  1. Staking claims to China's borderland : oil, ores and statebuilding in Xinjiang Province, 1893-1964

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinzley, Judd Creighton; Kinzley, Judd Creighton

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    helping fix regions like Mongolia, Tibet, and Xinjiang asChinese grasslands of Inner Mongolia (Stanford, CA: Stanfordbut also Manchuria, Inner Mongolia, North China, Tibet, and

  2. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Xinjiang Liaoning Inner Mongolia Gansu Hebei Beijing Qinghaiin China (2010) Inner Mongolia Shanxi Shaanxi Henan GuizhouIndonesia Australia Vietnam Mongolia Russia South Africa

  3. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shanxi Heilongjiang Yunnan Ningxia Inner Mongolia (East)Guizhou Inner Mongolia (West) Qinghai Residential Gas PriceJilin Shaanxi Henan Inner Mongolia Ningxia Gansu Sichuan

  4. Development of a Low-Carbon Indicator System for China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    regions (Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, and Guangxi;Hebei Xinjiang Inner Mongolia Guizhou Gansu Shanxi QinghaiLiaoning Yunnan Inner Mongolia Hebei Gansu Xinjiang Guizhou

  5. Rapid palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling in the synthesis of aryl thioethers under microwave conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    Chemistry, Jiangxi Province and Department of Chemistry, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330027, China95% isolated yield. 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Aromatic thiothers often feature as important,2 Homogeneous catalysts based on either copper(I) or palladium have been developed for their syntheses.2

  6. Adapting the Buddha's Biographies: A Cultural History of the Wish-Fulfilling Vine in Tibet, Seventeenth to Eighteenth Centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Nancy Grace

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Previously published in HTP, Pl. 63. ) Fig. 4.3. Detail ofJucker Collection. (After HTP, Pl. 49. ) Fig. 3.16. Secondmurals at Gong dkar see HTP, 139, pls. 17-18, 22. Phags pa

  7. Integrated geophysical-petrological modeling of lithosphereasthenosphere1 boundary in Central Tibet using electromagnetic and seismic data2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    1 Integrated geophysical-petrological modeling of lithosphereasthenosphere1 boundary in Central magnetotelluric and seismic data in petrologically24 consistent manner25 Lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary a petrologically-driven approach to jointly model magnetotelluric (MT) and29 seismic surface wave dispersion (SW

  8. Imaging the lithosphere beneath NE Tibet: teleseismic P and S body wave tomography incorporating surface wave starting models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunn, Ceri; Roecker, Steven W.; Tilmann, Frederik J.; Priestley, Keith F.; Heyburn, Ross; Sandvol, Eric A.; Ni, James F.; Chen, Yongshun John; Zhao, Wenjin; INDEPTH IV Team

    2013-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    ; Priestley&Tilmann 2009). In the absence of any prior information about the distribution of wave velocities in the crust, investigators generally use either station corrections de- rived from average residuals (e.g. Frederiksen et al. 1998; Graeber et al...

  9. The Key Coal Producers ONLINE SUPPORTING MATERIALS to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    The Key Coal Producers ONLINE SUPPORTING MATERIALS to A Global Coal Production Forecast with Multi's most important coal-producing area is North-Central China. The provinces of Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi and Shanxi together accounted for 83 percent of China's proven coal reserves in 2000, and Shanxi

  10. Programmed emptiness : research infrastructure on the Tibetan plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunbar, Sarah (Sarah Ford)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent completion of a rail line running from central China to Lhasa in the Tibet Autonomous Region has brought attention not only to China's Architecture and Urbanism questionable occupation of Tibet, but also to the ...

  11. A nineteenth-century Bonpo pilgrim in Western Tibet and Nepal: Episodes from the life of dKar ru grub dbang bsTan 'dzin rin chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramble, Charles

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as a prelude to the harvesting. The people, whom he found warm and hospitable, offered him water and firewood, and asked for religious instructions. The Ya ngal clan, which had founded Klu brag around the beginning of the 12th century, was still... austerities such as essence extraction (bcud len); to receive his lamas teachings like nectar; and, among other things but above all, to compose a systematic presentation of the sacred white snow-mountain Ti se, the great soul-mountain of gYung drung...

  12. Thermochronometric analysis of the North Lunggar Rift: Implications for the timing of extension initiation and structural style of deformation in southern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sundell, Kurt E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hager for use of the HeMP software. v TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE TITLE PAGE i ABSTRACT iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS v TABLE OF CONTENTS vi LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES x CHAPTER 1: Introduction 14... for Himalayan-Tibetan deformation 120 FIGURE 4. End member models for the development of the North Lunggar Rift 122 x FIGURE 5. Location and age of samples analyzed from the North Lunggar Rift 124 FIGURE 6. Age-elevation relationship (AER...

  13. Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahrl, Fredrich James

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind Development in Inner Mongolia [? ??????????????????].Wind Development in Inner Mongolia [? ??????????????????].Northwest Tibet W. Inner Mongolia North Central East South

  14. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Resistance in Inner Mongolia, China. Asian Ethnicity 12(Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia,in Tibet, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia (Fravel, 2010; Dreyer,

  15. College of Engineering and Architecture Evolution of Control for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HVDC 3 HVDC 1 500kV AC 2 parallel 500 kV AC 1 HVDC Tibet #12;College of Engineering and Architecture

  16. Modern stalagmite oxygen isotopic composition and its implications of climatic change from a high-elevation cave in the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau over the past 50 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    appeared in southern China, where solar insolation decreaseddicate that the solar radiation in China monsoon regions isdownwelling surface solar radiation in China from National

  17. facteurs de criticit et stratgies publiques franaise et europenne. enjeux et rponses industrie minrale est une industrie trs capitalistique et technologique, mettant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the infrastructures in Shanghai, China. Fotolia. criticit Facteurs de criticit et stratgies publiques franaise groupes miniers et mtallurgiques de pays mergents :chinois (Aluminium Corp. of China, Baosteel, Jiangxi Copper, Minmetals...), indiens (Arcelor Mittal, Tata Steel...), brsiliens (CBBM,Vale) ou mexicains

  18. Biomarkers of exposure to complex environmental mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naufal, Ziad Sami

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    as a result of combustion of coal for indoor heating and cooking. Human populations in Shanxi depend heavily on coal as their main source of energy. This study determined the concentrations of PAHs in house dust, venous blood and placenta of study...

  19. SCOPE CHINA SCOPE CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    SCOPE CHINA SCOPE CHINA 92030006 86-351-7010700 86-351-7010700 E-mail: scope #12;SCOPE-ZHONGYU ENvirONmENtal FOrUm 2012 October 11-14, 2012 Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, China Chair of Environmental Development Dr. Shu Sun, Academician, President of SCOPE CAST China Former Vice President

  20. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 17 Number 4 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1981-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    CONTENTS 1. Bon-The Primitive Religion of Tibet 1 Dr. Anukul Chandra Banerjee ~ 2. Lamaism in Tibet- A Brief Survey 19 t" B. Ghosh 3. Functions and Activities of SRITOBS 23 4. Publications of SRITOBS 1-6 Bon-The Primitive Religion of Tibet Prof... of incantation. The word Chos which ordinarily means religion is used as antithesis to Bon. Bon signifies the kind of Shamanism which was followed by Tibetans before the introduction of Buddhism and in certain parts still extant". Jaschke3 holds the view...

  1. Tha rgyas Wedding Song 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol ma lha skyid

    This collection contains two biographical songs, three dancing songs, three folk songs, one speech, seven weddings songs, and two welcoming songs collected in Tha rgyas Village, Rtsa zhol Township, Mol gro gung dkar County, Lhasa City, Tibet...

  2. Tha rgyas Biography 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol ma lha skyid

    This collection contains two biographical songs, three dancing songs, three folk songs, one speech, seven weddings songs, and two welcoming songs collected in Tha rgyas Village, Rtsa zhol Township, Mol gro gung dkar County, Lhasa City, Tibet...

  3. Tha rgyas Wedding Song 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol ma lha skyid

    This collection contains two biographical songs, three dancing songs, three folk songs, one speech, seven weddings songs, and two welcoming songs collected in Tha rgyas Village, Rtsa zhol Township, Mol gro gung dkar County, Lhasa City, Tibet...

  4. Tha rgyas Dancing Song 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol ma lha skyid

    This collection contains two biographical songs, three dancing songs, three folk songs, one speech, seven weddings songs, and two welcoming songs collected in Tha rgyas Village, Rtsa zhol Township, Mol gro gung dkar County, Lhasa City, Tibet...

  5. Tha rgyas Dancing Song 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol ma lha skyid

    This collection contains two biographical songs, three dancing songs, three folk songs, one speech, seven weddings songs, and two welcoming songs collected in Tha rgyas Village, Rtsa zhol Township, Mol gro gung dkar County, Lhasa City, Tibet...

  6. Tha rgyas Dancing Song 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol ma lha skyid

    This collection contains two biographical songs, three dancing songs, three folk songs, one speech, seven weddings songs, and two welcoming songs collected in Tha rgyas Village, Rtsa zhol Township, Mol gro gung dkar County, Lhasa City, Tibet...

  7. Tha rgyas Folk Song 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol ma lha skyid

    This collection contains two biographical songs, three dancing songs, three folk songs, one speech, seven weddings songs, and two welcoming songs collected in Tha rgyas Village, Rtsa zhol Township, Mol gro gung dkar County, Lhasa City, Tibet...

  8. Tha rgyas Biography 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol ma lha skyid

    This collection contains two biographical songs, three dancing songs, three folk songs, one speech, seven weddings songs, and two welcoming songs collected in Tha rgyas Village, Rtsa zhol Township, Mol gro gung dkar County, Lhasa City, Tibet...

  9. Tha rgyas Welcoming Song 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol ma lha skyid

    This collection contains two biographical songs, three dancing songs, three folk songs, one speech, seven weddings songs, and two welcoming songs collected in Tha rgyas Village, Rtsa zhol Township, Mol gro gung dkar County, Lhasa City, Tibet...

  10. Tha rgyas Folk Song 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgrol ma lha skyid

    This collection contains two biographical songs, three dancing songs, three folk songs, one speech, seven weddings songs, and two welcoming songs collected in Tha rgyas Village, Rtsa zhol Township, Mol gro gung dkar County, Lhasa City, Tibet...

  11. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 15 au 21 novembre 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Universit de

    in 500 of the accessible pages out there but a new approach could open up vast new data mines above sea level in the freezing, remote peaks of Tibet and Nepal; to cope with life high in the sky

  12. The Hidden Treasure of Bon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jinpa, Gelek; Tsewang, Kemi

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that adopts an insiders perspective, this film offers a precious insight into the rich historical heritage and the living tradition of Bn in the Nepal-Tibet borderlands....

  13. Ya ri a bsod Collection 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

    This collection contains fourteen songs collected in the grasslands of Amdo (northeast Tibet) in the area where Sichuan, Gansu, and Qinghai provinces meet. The songs represent various genres, and were all composed by Ya ri a bsod, an itinerant bard...

  14. Ya ri a bsod Collection 13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

    This collection contains fourteen songs collected in the grasslands of Amdo (northeast Tibet) in the area where Sichuan, Gansu, and Qinghai provinces meet. The songs represent various genres, and were all composed by Ya ri a bsod, an itinerant bard...

  15. Ya ri a bsod Collection 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

    This collection contains fourteen songs collected in the grasslands of Amdo (northeast Tibet) in the area where Sichuan, Gansu, and Qinghai provinces meet. The songs represent various genres, and were all composed by Ya ri a bsod, an itinerant bard...

  16. Ya ri a bsod Collection 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

    This collection contains fourteen songs collected in the grasslands of Amdo (northeast Tibet) in the area where Sichuan, Gansu, and Qinghai provinces meet. The songs represent various genres, and were all composed by Ya ri a bsod, an itinerant bard...

  17. Empire besieged : the preservation of Chinese rule in Xinjiang, 1884-1971

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Justin Matthew

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Ching Order in Mongolia, Sinkiang and Tibet, inRussian Policies in Outer Mongolia, 19111921. Bloomington,archaeological survey in Mongolia and Xinjiang]. Comp. Huang

  18. he Earth and Planetary Sciences section of the Platinum Jubilee volume contains a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Yogesh Moreshwar

    -Tibet region and the Bay of Bengal, along with crustal structure inverted from receiver functions to create to the Moon, Mars, as well as comets and asteroids. As in the case of planetary exploration, recent advances

  19. Trees (2007) 21:141150 DOI 10.1007/s00468-006-0104-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    behavior in central Asian juniper trees has been forced by solar radiation variations controlled via cloud), Tibet (Br¨auning 1994; Br¨auning and Mantwill 2004), Nepal (Cook et al. 2003), Pakistan (Esper et al

  20. Berea College Geographical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    Ghana 2 South Korea 2 Kenya 4 Sri Lanka 1 Bolivia 2 Liberia 1 Taiwan 1 Brazil 1 Malawi 2 Tibet Malawi 0 2 2 Bolivia 0 2 2 Moldova 0 1 1 Botswana 0 1 1 Mon

  1. A new generation's view on foreign intervention: an experimental approach in the post-cold war era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyner, Brittani Dawne

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an independent state; Kashmir and India's conflict over Indian occupation in Kashmir; Chechnya and Russia's conflict which resulted from Chechnya's bid for independence; Tibet and China's problems regarding Chinese occupation of Tibet; Japan and Russia (over... with 85% of the respondent's in agreement. The two cases receiving the highest number of votes for the national interest objective were the Israeli/Synan conflict and the conflict between Japan and Russia over the Northern Territories. Percentage...

  2. European Bulletin of Himalayan Research (EBHR) Volume 25 - 26, Autumn 2003 - Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University, Germany; (CNRS) Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France; (SOAS) School of Oriental and African Studies, UK

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Campbell, Manchester 208 Karl-Heinz Everding: Das Knigreich Mang yul Gung thang, Knigtum und Herrschaftsgewalt im Tibet des 13.- 17. Jahrhunderts [The kingdom of Mang yul Gung thang, kingship and political power in 13th to 17th century Tibet... at Louisiana State University, where he teaches classes on South Asia, colonialism, diasporas and globalization. In addition to completing a book on the western Himalaya, Travelling Gods and Foreign Power, his interest in the anthropology of religion, memory...

  3. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 13 Number 3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    with (he Pal}-chen Lama. He made greal otlerings and presents to all the monasteries. and remained in Lhasa until he was 32 years old (1759). While in Central Tibet, he entered Sgo-mang college (gra-tshang) of 'Bras-spungs monastery and received... and enthroned in the Potala. Then in the second month of the Iron-Sheep year (1751), the Seventh Dalai Lama assumed full spiritual and temporal powers over Tibet. For details see 'Dad-pa'i snye-ma (A biography of the Seventh Dalai Lama) by Lcang-skya Rol...

  4. Shanyang County Yaoping Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AGShandong Lusa NewInformation Shanxi

  5. Shaowu Jintang Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AGShandong Lusa NewInformation ShanxiShaowu Jintang

  6. Shaowu Jinwei Hydroelectric Power Development Co Ltd | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AGShandong Lusa NewInformation ShanxiShaowu

  7. Shaoxing Jinggong Mechanical and Electrical Research Institute Company

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AGShandong Lusa NewInformation ShanxiShaowuSJMERI |

  8. Shaoyang Triumph Billion Yuzitang Power Station | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AGShandong Lusa NewInformation ShanxiShaowuSJMERI

  9. Adverse Tunnelling Conditions Arising from Slope Instabilities A Case History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Hindustan-Tibet-Highway by a rock fall (LEFT). Rock slide at the dam site blocking the Satluj River (RIGHT) has been under con- struction. The project includes a 60.5 m high concrete gravity dam, an underground-side slopes. SURFACE INSTABILITIES Due to foliation parallel sliding planes and cross cutting orthogonal joint

  10. Instructions for use Short-term Glacier Velocity Changes at West Kunlun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsunogai, Urumu

    to global warming could further accelerate glacier15 flow and potentially lead to significant lossInstructions for use #12;Short-term Glacier Velocity Changes at West Kunlun Shan, Northwest Tibet. Abstract Seasonal glacier velocity changes across the High Arctic, including the Green- land Ice Sheet

  11. 2012 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    States. In China, lithium carbonate was produced from brines from the Zabayu Salt Lake in western Tibet and from the Dongtai and Xitai Salt Lakes in Qinghai Province. China was the only country that produced, the company continued to make progress on a well drilling program designed to double Rockwood's lithium

  12. Abundant C4 plants on the Tibetan Plateau during the Lateglacial and early Holocene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Covino, Tim

    Abundant C4 plants on the Tibetan Plateau during the Lateglacial and early Holocene Elizabeth K t Plants using the C4 (Hatch-Slack) photosynthetic pathway are key for global food production and account of modern naturally-occurring C4 plant species at elevations up to 4500 m in Tibet and 3000 m in Africa

  13. Marathon Oil Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    Marine oil shale from the Shenglihe oil shale section in the Qiangtang basin, northern Tibet, China, was dated by the Re-Os technique using Carius Tube digestion, Os distillation, Re extraction by acetone and ICP-MS measure-ment. An isochron was obtained giving an age of 10124 Ma with an initial

  14. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qi-Bin

    's personal copy Evidence of solar signals in tree rings of Smith fir from Sygera Mountain in southeast Tibet of Forestry, Northeast Forestry University, 26 Hexing Road, Harbin 150040, China c DendroLab, Department: Solar activity Tree rings Schwabe cycle Wavelet analysis Tibetan Plateau a b s t r a c t Solar activity

  15. The 8th World Chinese Geosciences Conference (2nd Circular) 26 October 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    of ophiolites: discoveries of ultra-high pressure minerals (4) Supercontinent cycle and global geodynamics (5) Plate tectonics and ore formation, and mineral resource exploration (6) Geological evolution of Tibet Geosciences, National Taiwan Ocean University; Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies

  16. Bilham, R., (2006) Moving Mountains, 132-137, in Himalaya, R.C. Blum, E. Stone and B. Coburn, ed., pp 255. National Geographic Society. ISBN-10: 0-7922-6192-5.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    will cause minor damage, and every several decades an M7 killer quake like the October 2004 Pakistan of southern Tibet, squeezing and contorting the intervening rocks upwards into what became the Himalaya. India cause the rocks to flow sluggishly away from India's advance, curling around India's eastern corner near

  17. letters to nature NATURE |VOL 408 |21/28 DECEMBER 2000 |www.nature.com 961

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassen, Rees

    may have been substantially underestimated. Our interpretation of the ALVZ is similar, in its tectonic aspect, to the interpretation of the low-velocity zone in Tibetwhich has remarkably similar depth. R. Seismic evidence for an ancient rift beneath the Cumberland Plateau, Tennessee: A detailed

  18. Figure 1. Inner Asia and Mongolia showing active survey datasets. (1) Darkhat-Muron, (2) the Khanui and Terhiyn Valleys, and (3) Baga Gazaryn Chuluu.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George Mason University

    Figure 1. Inner Asia and Mongolia showing active survey datasets. (1) Darkhat- Muron, (2 of Sciences, Ulanbataar, Mongolia 1. MOTIVATION AND PURPOSE Inner Asia is the heartland of the Old World is essential. We define Inner Asia as composed of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Tibet, Manchuria, Eastern Turkestan

  19. Sound management may sequester methane in grazed rangeland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    College of Ecology and Environmental Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Huhhot 010018, China of Agriculture, Las Cruces, 88003 NM, USA, 4 College of Forest Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University. These rangelands are mostly distributed in Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Ningxia, and the Qinghai-Tibet plateau6

  20. Convergence rate across the Nepal Himalaya and interseismic coupling on the Main Himalayan Thrust: Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Convergence rate across the Nepal Himalaya and interseismic coupling on the Main Himalayan Thrust the Nepal Himalaya using GPS times series from 30 stations in Nepal and southern Tibet, in addition and eastern Nepal and 20.5 1 mm/yr in western Nepal. The moment deficit due to locking of the MHT

  1. Journal of the Nepal Geological Society, Volume 38, Dec. 2008 1 EARTHQUAKES AND CRUSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE HIMALAYA FROM THE HIMALAYAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheehan, Anne F.

    Journal of the Nepal Geological Society, Volume 38, Dec. 2008 1 EARTHQUAKES AND CRUSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE HIMALAYA FROM THE HIMALAYAN NEPAL TIBET SEISMIC EXPERIMENT (HIMNT) Anne F. Sheehan1 , Thomas de la Torre1 Seismological Centre, Kathmandu, NEPAL3 Submitted on occasion of International Workshop on Seismology

  2. Semicoke production and quality at Chinese vertical SJ furnaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.M. Strakhov; I.V. Surovtseva; A.V. D'yachenko; V.M. Men'shenin [Kuznetsk Center, Eastern Coal-Chemistry Institute (Russian Federation)

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In Russia there has been little interest on the thermal processing of non-sintering coal. However it may be used to obtain many special types of coke and semicoke that are necessary for processes other than blast furnace smelting and employing small metallurgical coke fractions that do not meet the relevant quality requirements. China has recently made great progress in developing the thermal processing of coal (mainly energy coal) to obtain a highly effective product, semicoke, primarily used in metallurgy and adsorption process. The article considers the operation of a Chinese semicoking plant equipped with vertical SJ furnaces. The plant is in the Shenmu district of Shanxi province (Inner Mongolia). The enterprise includes two furnaces of total output of about 100,000 t/yr of semicoke.

  3. The Making of a Bhutanese Buddha: Preliminary Remarks on the Biography of Tenzin Gyatso, A Bhutanese Scholar-Yogi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holmes, Amy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shris Bhutanese lineage. No publication data for this text is available to me at this time. Thanks also to Dorji Penjore for his corrections and suggestions regarding this manuscript. Any errors within remain my own. Journal of Bhutan Studies... , carrying new ideas and knowledge from the religious powerhouses of Tibet to Bhutan, while also sharing rich Bhutanese traditions with wider Himalayan religious and cultural matrixes. This biography tells the story of a Bhutanese practitioner who...

  4. From Red Tally to Yellow Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uebach, Helga

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the convocation of many male able-bodied adults for registration (pha-los mang-pho). Year 718/719: The establishment of the Red Tally of the former principality of Dags-po marks its complete inclusion... number of tallies for its files. In concluding it can be said that the fact that paper was officially introduced in Tibet for administrative purposes in the military organisation does not come as a surprise, since her power was built on her military...

  5. Sikkim and Himalayan Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sen, Jahar

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lama. 6 The merchandise imported from Sikkim to Darjeeling, as the report indicated, consisted of horses, cattle including sheep and goats. blankets. salt. musk. wax, ghee, oranges. millet, rice, lime and 11 copper. The imports in 1863 were nearly... would be exported to Sikkim and Tibet replacing brick tea imported from Lhasa and China. Trade was conducted in four routes in Sikkim : two via Namchee and Chadam to the Great Rangeet and two via Zeeme to Goke and Tramduc to Colbong. The Tibetan...

  6. Development of Yangbajing Air shower Core detector array for a new EAS hybrid Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jinsheng; Chen, Ding; Zhang, Ying; Zhai, Liuming; Chen, Xu; Hu, Xiaobin; Lin, Yuhui; Zhang, Xueyao; Feng, Cunfeng; Jia, Huanyu; Zhou, Xunxiu; DanZengLuoBu,; Chen, Tianlu; Li, Haijin; Liu, Maoyuan; Yuan, Aifang

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aiming at the observation of cosmic-ray chemical composition at the "knee" energy region, we have been developinga new type air-shower core detector (YAC, Yangbajing Air shower Core detector array) to be set up at Yangbajing (90.522$^\\circ$ E, 30.102$^\\circ$ N, 4300 m above sea level, atmospheric depth: 606 g/m$^2$) in Tibet, China. YAC works together with the Tibet air-shower array (Tibet-III) and an underground water cherenkov muon detector array (MD) as a hybrid experiment. Each YAC detector unit consists of lead plates of 3.5 cm thick and a scintillation counter which detects the burst size induced by high energy particles in the air-shower cores. The burst size can be measured from 1 MIP (Minimum Ionization Particle) to $10^{6}$ MIPs. The first phase of this experiment, named "YAC-I", consists of 16 YAC detectors each having the size 40 cm $\\times$ 50 cm and distributing in a grid with an effective area of 10 m$^{2}$. YAC-I is used to check hadronic interaction models. The second phase of the experiment,...

  7. Book Reviews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Nirmal Chandra

    and in reporting his travels he weilded his pen like a man of letters of the late Victorian era. "He took the keenest interest in the mysteries of Tibet and appreciated to the full the wonderful scenery which to my mind was infinitely the most fascinating of all... English cousin. Strong in the wing, zigzagging unballasted in ten-foot swoops of pure colour, the butterflies lace the sunlight. And underfoot in the deep soft white dust the kidney footmark of the brown ox, or the kukri-like print of the high in...

  8. Le mode d'emergence du Reel - L'avenement des manifestations de la base (gzhi snang) selon les conceptions de la Grande Perfection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achard, Jean-Luc

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LE MODE DEMERGENCE DU REEL LAVENEMENT DES MANIFESTATIONS DE LA BASE (GZHI SNANG)SELON LES CONCEPTIONS DE LA GRANDE PERFECTION* Par Jean-Luc Achard (CNRS) a tradition tibtaine de la Grande Perfection (rDzogs chen)reprsente un courant important... lpoque dynastique (8e sicle) au Tibet1. Lun des lements essentiels de sapense consiste dans la notion de Base (gzhi) qui est la pierre angulaire desenseignements de la Grande Perfection2.Dfinie en tant que la Base de ltat naturel (gzhii gnas lugs) del...

  9. Chos-Dbyings Rdo-Rje, The Tenth Black Hat Karmapa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Hugh Edward

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , in alliance with the Rin-spungs princes, was the most influential figure in Tibet after the eclipse of Phag-mo-gru about 1492; and the Tenth Black Hat, Chos dbyings rdorje, in whose time the power of the Karmapa was supplanted by that of the Gelugpa... out on a mountain he quen ched it .. by laying on his hands. At the age of eleven he went to Dbus. At Pha-bong Zhabs-chen two of his foot-prints appeared. At the invitation of Tsher-Iung Drung-chen and the Gar-dbang he went to Zur:-mang, he pro c...

  10. A Brief Account of the Life of mNa'-bDag Sems-sPa'-Chen-Po (1591-1656 A.D.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dokham, Rigzin Ngodub

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    part of Tibet like Mang-Yul, sPu-Rang, Las-sTed etc., and ruled these regions. Some generations of this family also settled down in the country called Guge. One of the kings of Guge named bKra-Shis Khri-bTsen and his wife Lha-gCig bSod-Nams s... was presented the seven ob jects of temporal power and the eight auspicious objects emblematic of pros perity, and thus blessed by the teacher to rule over the land. The king was also given a new name and hailed as Chos-rGyal Phun...

  11. The House of 'Obs-mtsho - The History of a Bhutanese Gentry Family from the 13th to the 20th Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardussi, John A

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    patterns of competition among landed Bhutanese gentry families for positions of power within the emerging Bhutanese state. The Early History of dGon Obs-mtshovi In common with many other elite family lines of Bhutan, the Obs-mtsho people trace... as it was to Tibet brought from China in the train of princess Wen-cheng, Chinese bride of king Srong-btsan-sgam-po. The next cultural hero in this lineage was the legendary scholar Lo-tsa-ba lDan-ma rTse- mang associated in the Padma-thang-yig and the b...

  12. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 30, Number 2 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1994-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    consistent with the ritualistic disciplines. He composed many philosophical works on Buddhism for the preservation and continuity of doctrines till posterity, besides holding both the spiritual and temporal power over Tibet(Chos-srid gnyis -ldan... -po. Autobiography ofVth Dalai Lama. Vol. V. 730 Folio. Dkar-chag (Index) Za-hol' !"'Yi ban-de ngag-dbang blo-bzang l'gya-mtaho'i 'di-:mang 'khrul-pa'i rol-rtsed rto!,,'S-bljod kyi tshul-du bkod-pa du-ku-Ia'i gos-bzang las glegs-bam gnyis-pa. Autobiography of...

  13. A Short Biography of 'Gro-mgon Chos-rgyal 'Phags-pa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Densapa, Tashi

    entered Sgo-mang college (gra-tshang) of 'Bras-spungs monastery and received instruction from Mkhan-chen Sanga-rgyas Rdo-rje. He completed his Dge-bshes degree at Ne'u-tog. When he returned to A-mdo, he made great improvements at Bkra-shis 'khyil... in 1720. On the ninth month. of the Iron-Mouse year, he was brought to Lhasa and enthroned in the Potala. Then in the second month of the Iron-Sheep year (1751), the Seventh Dalai Lama assumed full spiritual and temporal powers over Tibet. For details...

  14. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 6 Number 1 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1969-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -srong from the first year of his life in 677 until his sixteenth year (69)) during which time the power of the mGar was supreme. Nyen-kar had been the residence of an earlier king, Mang-srong, in se yeral years of his minority whcIl mGar sTong-rtsan yul... on the remains of a stone pillar from a site near Zhwa' i Lhakhang which was the territory of the M~ang clan (JRAS April 1953 pp. 10-1 I). There it is associated with ancestral tribal names connected with Eastern Tibet-Cho phyi ; mDa ' ; Tse: and Phyug...

  15. Further Fragments from Tun Huang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Hugh Edward

    1969-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -srong from the first year of his life in 677 until his sixteenth year (69)) during which time the power of the mGar was supreme. Nyen-kar had been the residence of an earlier king, Mang-srong, in se yeral years of his minority whcIl mGar sTong-rtsan yul... fragmentary inscription on the remains of a stone pillar from a site near Zhwa' i Lhakhang which was the territory of the M~ang clan (JRAS April 1953 pp. 10-1 I). There it is associated with ancestral tribal names connected with Eastern Tibet-Cho phyi ; m...

  16. Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 5, Issue 7 (Special Issue), 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himalayan Association for the Advancement of Science

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    elemental and zircon Hf isotopic geochemistry of mafic and ultramafic rocks from the Early Cretaceous Comei large igneous province in SE Tibet: constraints on mantle source characteristics and petrogenesis Di-Cheng Zhu, Xuan-Xue Mo, Zhi-Dan Zhao, Yaoling... , and deposition of trench sediments. All this is followed sequentially by emplacement and intrusion of calc-alkaline and Andean-type Trans-Himalayan batholiths from Pakistan to the easternmost parts of the Himalaya in Arunachal Pradesh. Once the Tethyan Ocean...

  17. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 17 Number 3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    . millet, rice, lime and 11 copper. The imports in 1863 were nearly double of those in 1860. The money earned during the four years under notice amounted to Rs. 89.535/- out of which the sum of Rs. 19,450/- was returned to Sikkim in the shape of goods... . the Superintendent expressed his hopes. great quan tities of tea would be exported to Sikkim and Tibet replacing brick tea imported from Lhasa and China. Trade was conducted in four routes in Sikkim : two via Namchee and Chadam to the Great Rangeet and two via...

  18. Tibetan Technology and the West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aris, Michael

    1969-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , the ball-and-chain g(nenor and the hot-air turbine) does seem to make the case for independent Italian invention more improbable. IV THE STEAM-JET FIRE-BLOWER Related to the idea of the use of heat rising is that of using a jet of steam. It has long... rotating on a vertical axle and powered by an anemometer like wind turbine. The earliest appearance of this in Tibet is unlikely to have preceded the introduction of the mani formula itself as a formal 'support' for religious devotion and meditation...

  19. Development of Yangbajing Air shower Core detector array for a new EAS hybrid Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jinsheng Liu; Jing Huang; Ding Chen; Ying Zhang; Liuming Zhai; Xu Chen; Xiaobin Hu; Yuhui Lin; Xueyao Zhang; Cunfeng Feng; Huanyu Jia; Xunxiu Zhou; DanZengLuoBu; Tianlu Chen; Haijin Li; Maoyuan Liu; Aifang Yuan

    2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Aiming at the observation of cosmic-ray chemical composition at the "knee" energy region, we have been developinga new type air-shower core detector (YAC, Yangbajing Air shower Core detector array) to be set up at Yangbajing (90.522$^\\circ$ E, 30.102$^\\circ$ N, 4300 m above sea level, atmospheric depth: 606 g/m$^2$) in Tibet, China. YAC works together with the Tibet air-shower array (Tibet-III) and an underground water cherenkov muon detector array (MD) as a hybrid experiment. Each YAC detector unit consists of lead plates of 3.5 cm thick and a scintillation counter which detects the burst size induced by high energy particles in the air-shower cores. The burst size can be measured from 1 MIP (Minimum Ionization Particle) to $10^{6}$ MIPs. The first phase of this experiment, named "YAC-I", consists of 16 YAC detectors each having the size 40 cm $\\times$ 50 cm and distributing in a grid with an effective area of 10 m$^{2}$. YAC-I is used to check hadronic interaction models. The second phase of the experiment, called "YAC-II", consists of 124 YAC detectors with coverage about 500 m$^2$. The inner 100 detectors of 80 cm $\\times $ 50 cm each are deployed in a 10 $\\times$ 10 matrix from with a 1.9 m separation and the outer 24 detectors of 100 cm $\\times$ 50 cm each are distributed around them to reject non-core events whose shower cores are far from the YAC-II array. YAC-II is used to study the primary cosmic-ray composition, in particular, to obtain the energy spectra of proton, helium and iron nuclei between 5$\\times$$10^{13}$ eV and $10^{16}$ eV covering the "knee" and also being connected with direct observations at energies around 100 TeV. We present the design and performance of YAC-II in this paper.

  20. Preliminary results obtained with an apparatus for studying the effect of carbon dioxide on consumption of oxygen by respiring cotton roots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinesly, Thomas Daniel

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'ai . ivy. -ioX~&ie6-'Xe;:: -', -. " -':. . ;;, ?, :;=-'--, -', :?. q =. ==-. -~Wm yekkvy~apbM kii4hok-'M4xeleiW-'~ ~:mC ? -' EXCOiCBCCk . $28 ) y, Sg. :C98BQ 5g 4 p3. @5$gRM hli4Z'838 C4X i&5 @tibet 4@BX, ~ B, QgDQ@p. ~ gyle~'ggq@ ~~ ~ ~~w ~ZQSi@B tkg..., giveri poet d4metyx 8't'j-eyeeMfe. te~~ ' . --, 'i~~'-", ~:4emn4a- ef::thj:Xe4ewmgt -eo ji of-;the ~4="'=, -=-" =- -:: ' t -~e' be9ijj eet'Retied~; bent M' oxygen. tempted heeezey cf. -'. oxL4k't'lQxl Qf', eR~sg llpectl'g 4epszl@exlt 'Qp55, ~e4...

  1. Applying Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) spectral indices for geological mapping and mineral identification on the Tibetan Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corrie, Robert; Aitchison, Jonathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tibetan Plateau holds clues to understanding the dynamics and mechanisms associated with continental growth. Part of the region is characterized by zones of ophiolitic melange believed to represent the remnants of ancient oceanic crust and underlying upper mantle emplaced during oceanic closures. However, due to the remoteness of the region and the inhospitable terrain many areas have not received detailed investigation. Increased spatial and spectral resolution of satellite sensors have made it possible to map in greater detail the mineralogy and lithology than in the past. Recent work by Yoshiki Ninomiya of the Geological Survey of Japan has pioneered the use of several spectral indices for the mapping of quartzose, carbonate, and silicate rocks using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) thermal infrared (TIR) data. In this study, ASTER TIR indices have been applied to a region in western-central Tibet for the purposes of assessing their effectiveness for differentiatin...

  2. Life of His Holiness the Vth Dalai Lama, Ngag-dbang blo-bzang rgya-mtsho (1617-1682 A.D.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyatso, Acharya Samten

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power over Tibet(Chos-srid gnyis -ldan). In the Water-Dog year corresponding to 1682 A.D at the age of sixty six, he departed from the world of mortal existence, to rest peacefully in the abode of purity. WORKS OFVTHDAUU LAMA NGAG-DBANG BLO BZANG... -pa du-ku-Ia'i gos-bzang las glegs-bam dang-po. Autobiography ofVth Dalai Lama. Vol. V. 730 Folio. Dkar-chag (Index) Za-hol' !"'Yi ban-de ngag-dbang blo-bzang l'gya-mtaho'i 'di-:mang 'khrul-pa'i rol-rtsed rto!,,'S-bljod kyi tshul-du bkod-pa du...

  3. Gamma-Ray Bursts, Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays, and Cosmic Gamma-Ray Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomonori Totani

    1999-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) may be the origin of the cosmic gamma-ray background radiation observed in GeV range. It has theoretically been discussed that protons may carry a much larger amount of energy than electrons in GRBs, and this large energy can be radiated in TeV range by synchrotron radiation of ultra-high-energy protons (\\sim 10^{20} eV). The possible detection of GRBs above 10 TeV suggested by the Tibet and HEGRA groups also supports this idea. If this is the case, most of TeV gamma-rays from GRBs are absorbed in intergalactic fields and eventually form GeV gamma-ray background, whose flux is in good agreement with the recent observation.

  4. Bheja as a Strategic Culture Convention: Community Resource Management in the Barha Magarat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhakal, Suresh

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ClI . lingd )ffi'; scattered across the land . he o unted heavll) upon Iu l:Ig r . oldlc . lhe nly Tibet o-Burrnan group among 11,,:: people in he :m n) rh ' TS " re Bahun . ' hasas. and Thakuris ( L Still r, 1967 1 Jim Ka ata 111 hi. term b1I i ll khrln n... Iagazi ne, vari i u ) Himal ( epali edition), :2:0 2 Kathmandu. II. Eh beth . D. Parlin (ed.) 1992 BU.fh Bas , ' Forest Farm . Culture; Environm III I UlJ Deve lopm ent , Lond n: Routledge. Ghumrc. Kn hna 1992 K waakit o , J JrO 197' Miller, asper J 1990...

  5. Bioavailability of Fe(III) in Loess Sediments: An Important Source of Electron Acceptors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, Michael E.; Jaisi, Deb P.; Dong, Hailiang; Kukkadapu, Ravi K.; Ji, Junfeng

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A quantitative study was conducted to understand if Fe (III) in loess sediments is available for microbial respiration by using a common metal reducing bacterium, Shewanella putrefaciens, CN32. The loess samples were collected from three different sites: St. Louis (Peoria), Missouri, USA; Huanxia (HX) and Yanchang (YCH), Shanxi Province of China. Wet chemical analyses indicated that the total Fe concentration for the three samples was 1.69%, 2.76%, and 3.29%, respectively, of which 0.48%, 0.67%, and 1.27% was Fe(III). All unreduced loess sediments contained iron oxides and phyllosilicates (smectite, illite, chlorite, vermiculite), in addition to common minerals such as quartz, feldspar, plagioclase, calcite, and dolomite. Bioreduction experiments were performed at a loess concentration of 20 mg/mL using lactate as the sole electron donor, Fe(III) in loess as the sole electron acceptor in the presence and absence of anthraquinone-2, 6-disulfonate (AQDS) as an electron shuttle. Experiments were performed in non-growth (bicarbonate buffer) and growth (M1) media with a cell concentration of ~2.8 x 107 and 2.1 x 107 cells/mL, respectively. The unreduced and bioreduced solids were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Mssbauer spectroscopy, diffuse reflection spectroscopy (DRS), and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) methods. Despite many similarities among the three loess samples, the extent and rate of Fe (III) reduction varied significantly. For example, in presence of AQDS the extent of reduction in the non-growth experiment was 25% in HX, 34% in Peoria, and 38% in YCH. The extent of reduction in the growth experiment was 72% in HX, 94% in Peoria, and 56% in YCH. The extent of bioreduction was lower in absence of AQDS. Overall, AQDS and the M1 growth medium significantly enhanced the rate and extent of bioreduction. Fe(III) in iron oxides and Fe(III)-containing phyllosilicates was bioreduced. Biogenic illite, siderite, and vivianite formed. The results of this study suggest that Fe (III) in loess sediments represents a potentially important source of electron acceptors to support microbial activity in dry environments.

  6. Measurement of the Cosmic Ray Energy Spectrum with ARGO-YBJ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Di Sciascio; for the ARGO-YBJ Collaboration

    2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The ARGO-YBJ detector, located at high altitude in the Cosmic Ray Observatory of Yangbajing in Tibet (4300 m asl, about 600 g/cm2 of atmospheric depth) provides the opportunity to study, with unprecedented resolution, the cosmic ray physics in the primary energy region between 10^{12} and 10^{16} eV. The preliminary results of the measurement of all-particle and light-component (i.e. protons and helium) energy spectra between approximately 5 TeV and 5 PeV are reported and discussed. The study of such energy region is particularly interesting because not only it allows a better understanding of the so called 'knee' of the energy spectrum and of its origin, but also provides a powerful cross-check among very different experimental techniques. The comparison between direct measurements by balloons/satellites and the results by surface detectors, implying the knowledge of shower development in the atmosphere, also allows to test the hadronic interaction models currently used for understanding particle and cosmic ray physics up the highest energies.

  7. The cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum measured by the ARGO-YBJ experiment in the energy range 3-300 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :,; Bernardini, P; Bi, X J; Cao, Z; Catalanotti, S; Chen, S Z; Chen, T L; Cui, S W; Dai, B Z; D'Amone, A; Danzengluobu,; De Mitri, I; Piazzoli, B D'Ettorre; Di Girolamo, T; Di Sciascio, G; Feng, C F; Feng, Zhaoyang; Feng, Zhenyong; Gou, Q B; Guo, Y Q; He, H H; Hu, Haibing; Hu, Hongbo; Iacovacci, M; Iuppa, R; Jia, H Y; Labaciren,; Li, H J; Liu, C; Liu, J; Liu, M Y; Lu, H; Ma, L L; Ma, X H; Mancarella, G; Mari, S M; Marsella, G; Mastroianni, S; Montini, P; Ning, C C; Perrone, L; Pistilli, P; Salvini, P; Santonico, R; Settanta, G; Shen, P R; Sheng, X D; Shi, F; Surdo, A; Tan, Y H; Vallania, P; Vernetto, S; Vigorito, C; Wang, H; Wu, C Y; Wu, H R; Xue, L; Yang, Q Y; Yang, X C; Yao, Z G; Yuan, A F; Zha, M; Zhang, H M; Zhang, L; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhao, J; Zhaxiciren,; Zhaxisangzhu,; Zhou, X X; Zhu, F R; Zhu, Q Q

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ARGO-YBJ experiment is a full-coverage air shower detector located at the Yangbajing Cosmic Ray Observatory (Tibet, People's Republic of China, 4300 m a.s.l.). The high altitude, combined with the full-coverage technique, allows the detection of extensive air showers in a wide energy range and offer the possibility of measuring the cosmic ray proton plus helium spectrum down to the TeV region, where direct balloon/space-borne measurements are available. The detector has been in stable data taking in its full configuration from November 2007 to February 2013. In this paper the measurement of the cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum is presented in the region 3-300 TeV by analyzing the full collected data sample. The resulting spectral index is $\\gamma = -2.64 \\pm 0.01$. These results demonstrate the possibility of performing an accurate measurement of the spectrum of light elements with a ground based air shower detector.

  8. The cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum measured by the ARGO-YBJ experiment in the energy range 3-300 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The ARGO-YBJ Collaboration; :; B. Bartoli; P. Bernardini; X. J. Bi; Z. Cao; S. Catalanotti; S. Z. Chen; T. L. Chen; S. W. Cui; B. Z. Dai; A. D'Amone; Danzengluobu; I. De Mitri; B. D'Ettorre Piazzoli; T. Di Girolamo; G. Di Sciascio; C. F. Feng; Zhaoyang Feng; Zhenyong Feng; Q. B. Gou; Y. Q. Guo; H. H. He; Haibing Hu; Hongbo Hu; M. Iacovacci; R. Iuppa; H. Y. Jia; Labaciren; H. J. Li; C. Liu; J. Liu; M. Y. Liu; H. Lu; L. L. Ma; X. H. Ma; G. Mancarella; S. M. Mari; G. Marsella; S. Mastroianni; P. Montini; C. C. Ning; L. Perrone; P. Pistilli; P. Salvini; R. Santonico; G. Settanta; P. R. Shen; X. D. Sheng; F. Shi; A. Surdo; Y. H. Tan; P. Vallania; S. Vernetto; C. Vigorito; H. Wang; C. Y. Wu; H. R. Wu; L. Xue; Q. Y. Yang; X. C. Yang; Z. G. Yao; A. F. Yuan; M. Zha; H. M. Zhang; L. Zhang; X. Y. Zhang; Y. Zhang; J. Zhao; Zhaxiciren; Zhaxisangzhu; X. X. Zhou; F. R. Zhu; Q. Q. Zhu

    2015-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The ARGO-YBJ experiment is a full-coverage air shower detector located at the Yangbajing Cosmic Ray Observatory (Tibet, People's Republic of China, 4300 m a.s.l.). The high altitude, combined with the full-coverage technique, allows the detection of extensive air showers in a wide energy range and offer the possibility of measuring the cosmic ray proton plus helium spectrum down to the TeV region, where direct balloon/space-borne measurements are available. The detector has been in stable data taking in its full configuration from November 2007 to February 2013. In this paper the measurement of the cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum is presented in the region 3-300 TeV by analyzing the full collected data sample. The resulting spectral index is $\\gamma = -2.64 \\pm 0.01$. These results demonstrate the possibility of performing an accurate measurement of the spectrum of light elements with a ground based air shower detector.

  9. Neutrinos from Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl Mannheim

    2000-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The observed fluxes of cosmic rays and gamma rays are used to infer the maximum allowed high-energy neutrino flux allowed for Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs), following Mannheim, Protheroe, and Rachen (2000). It is shown that if GRBs produce the ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays, they should contribute (a) at least 10% of the extragalactic gamma ray background between 3 MeV and 30 GeV, contrary to their observed energy flux which is only a minute fraction of this flux, and (b) a cumulative neutrino flux a factor of 20 below the AMANDA (Neutrino 2000) limit on isotropic neutrinos. This could have two implications, either GRBs do not produce the ultrahigh energy cosmic rays or that the GRBs are strongly beamed and emit most of their power at energies well above 100 GeV implausibly increasing the energy requirements, but consistent with the marginal detections of a few low-redshift GRBs by MILAGRITO, HEGRA-AIROBICC, and the Tibet-Array. All crucial measurements to test the models will be available in the next few years. These are measurements of (i) high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA-ICECUBE or an enlarged ANTARES/NESTOR ocean detector, (ii) GRB redshifts from HETE-2 follow-up studies, and (iii) GRB spectra above 10 GeV with low-threshold imaging air Cherenkov telescopes such as MAGIC and the space telescopes AGILE and GLAST.

  10. Climate-Energy Nexus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary Sayler; Randall Gentry; Jie Zhuang

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 140-page published proceedings of the workshop include individual articles and PowerPoint slides for all workshop presentations. The proceedings also contain pertinent background information on the China-US Joint Research Center, partnering organizations, and workshop goals and objectives. Overall, the workshop increased the understanding of the impacts of climate change on energy use and renewable energy production as well as the complex relationships among land use, energy production, and ecological restoration. The workshop served as an international platform for scientists and students of different research backgrounds to develop a unified perspective on energy and climate relationships. Such understanding will benefit future cooperation between China and the US in mitigating global climate change. The workshops agenda, which is highly interdisciplinary, explored many potential opportunities for international collaboration in ecosystem management, climate modeling, greenhouse gas emissions, and bioenergy sustainability. International research groups have been suggested in the areas of genomes and biotechnology of energy plants, sustainable management of soil and water resources, carbon sequestration, and microbial processes for ecological cycles. The project has attracted considerable attention from institutes beyond the China-US Joint Research Center partners, and several of them (such as Institute of Qing-Tibet Plateau Research, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Institute of Applied Ecology, CAS) have expressed interest in joining the partnership. In addition, the workshop played a significant role in facilitating establishment of private-public partnerships between government and private bioenergy companies (such as L.R. Shugarts and Associates, Inc.), including seed providers (Blade Energy Crops, Thousand Oaks, CA), pilot demonstration projects at coal-producing cities (e.g., Huaibei, Anhui province, China), and the development of methodology for assessment of the sustainable production of biofuels (such as life-cycle analysis, sustainability metrics, and land-use policy). Establishment of two US-China scientific research networks in the area of bioenergy and environmental science is a significant result of the workshop.