National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for thunder horse mc778

  1. Creating Thunder: The Western Rain-Making Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parkman, E. Breck

    1993-01-01

    stone balls were used to send thunder and lightning againstballs were rolled about in order to create thunder and lightning (

  2. BLACK THUNDER COAL MINE AND LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BLACK THUNDER COAL MINE AND LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF SEISMIC ENERGY of Explosive Engineers, 2-5 Feb 97, Las Vegas, NV #12;BLACK THUNDER COAL MINE AND LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL and David Gross Thunder Basin Coal Company Post Office Box 406 Wright, Wyoming 82732 D. Craig Pearson

  3. Lightning Ball (Ball Lightning) Created by Thunder, Shock-Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Domokos Tar

    2010-07-20

    Following his observation the author has described in the papers [1] to [4] the formation of a Lightning Ball (LB)with the help of a new theory of symmetry breaking of the vortex ring. In the frame of this theory he emphasizes the primordial rule of the thunder (shock-wave) during the lightning strike in the creation of the LB. The shock-waves and the sound waves propagate very fast but the subsequent enlargement of the vortex ring (air masses) is very slow. This is the reason why the rotating air ring (cylinder) only appeared some seconds later in the observation because of the great inertia of the system. As a consequence of the stationary Mach shock-waves reflections theory the stable distance of the LB to the ground and its very stable horizontal path, in spite of strong winds and rain can be explained.

  4. Lightning Ball (Ball Lightning) Created by Thunder, Shock-Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tar, Domokos

    2010-01-01

    Following his observation the author has described in the papers [1] to [4] the formation of a Lightning Ball (LB)with the help of a new theory of symmetry breaking of the vortex ring. In the frame of this theory he emphasizes the primordial rule of the thunder (shock-wave) during the lightning strike in the creation of the LB. The shock-waves and the sound waves propagate very fast but the subsequent enlargement of the vortex ring (air masses) is very slow. This is the reason why the rotating air ring (cylinder) only appeared some seconds later in the observation because of the great inertia of the system. As a consequence of the stationary Mach shock-waves reflections theory the stable distance of the LB to the ground and its very stable horizontal path, in spite of strong winds and rain can be explained.

  5. Fuel Cell Transit Buses: ThunderPower Bus Evaluation at SunLine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SunLine Transit Agency Report details the six-month evaluation of the ThunderPower hydrogen fuel cell bus demonstrated at SunLine Transit Agency. sunlinereport.pdf More Documents...

  6. The neutron 'thunder' accompanying the extensive air shower

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. D. Erlykin

    2007-01-22

    Simulations show that neutrons are the most abundant component among extensive air shower hadrons. However, multiple neutrons which appear with long delays in neutron monitors nearby the EAS core ('neutron thunder') are mostly not the neutrons of the shower, but have a secondary origin. The bulk of them is produced by high energy EAS hadrons hitting the monitors. The delays are due to the termalization and diffusion of neutrons in the moderator and reflector of the monitor accompanied by the production of secondary gamma-quanta. This conclusion raises the important problem of the interaction of EAS with the ground, the stuff of the detectors and their environment since they have often hydrogen containing materials like polyethilene in neutron monitors. Such interaction can give an additional contribution to the signal in the EAS detectors. It can be particularly important for the signals from scintillator or water tank detectors at km-long distances from the EAS core where neutrons of the shower become the dominant component after a few mcsec behind the EAS front.

  7. Composting Horse Manure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auvermann, Brent W.; McDonald, Lanny; Devin, Robert; Sweeten, John M.

    1999-07-02

    Uncontrolled stockpiles of horse manure can be an unsightly, smelly and fly-infested mess. However, composting manure can eliminate the messy problems and provide a modest additional income for horse enthusiasts, operators of equine facilities...

  8. Trojan Horses of Race

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Jerry

    2007-01-01

    viruses. A type of computer virus, a Trojan Horse installsis not a mere computer vulnerable to viruses. It is a direct

  9. CHAPTER 16: HORSE SAFETY GUIDELINES Approaching a horse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    . Failure to do so may startle the horse and cause it to kick you. · Always approach at an angle, never, its temperament and reactions. Let it know you are its firm and kind master. Control your temper on the ground near the horse. Place them where they will not be stepped on by the horse or cause you to trip

  10. Freeze Branding Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Householder, Doug; Webb, Gary; Wigington, Sam; Bruemmer, Jason

    2001-06-29

    , simpli- f_ied drawing of one hair shaft with its color (pigment) producing follicle (CF) and its growth follicle (GF), both shown below the skin. Doug Householder 1 , Gary Webb 2 , Sam Wigington 3 and Jason Bruemmer 4 Freeze Branding Horses Figure 1. Hair...

  11. Mature, Senior and Geriatric Horses: Management, Care and Use 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, M. T.; Scrutchfield, W. L.; Gibbs, Pete G.; Potter, Gary D.

    2005-04-18

    Texas is home to about 1 million horses, the majority of them working horses, competitive event horses and pleasure/recreational riding horses. For owners of horses that have completed their growth, knowing how to take ...

  12. Rolling Thunder -- Integration of the Solo 161 Stirling engine with the CPG-460 solar concentrator at Ft. Huachuca

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diver, R.B.; Moss, T.A.; Goldberg, V.; Thomas, G.; Beaudet, A.

    1998-09-01

    Project Rolling Thunder is a dish/Stirling demonstration project at Ft. Huachuca, a US Army fort in southeastern Arizona (Huachuca means rolling thunder in Apache). It has been supported by the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP), a cooperative program between the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Energy (DOE). As part of a 1992 SERDP project, Cummins Power Generation, Inc. (CPG) installed a CPG 7 kW(c) dish/Stirling system at the Joint Interoperability Test Command (JITC) in Ft. Huachuca, Arizona. The primary objective of the SERDP Dish/Stirling for DoD Applications project was to demonstrate a CPG 7-kW(c) dish/Stirling system at a military facility. Unfortunately, Cummins Engine Company decided to divest its solar operations. As a direct result of Ft. Huachuca`s interest in the Cummins dish/Stirling technology, Sandia explored the possibility of installing a SOLO 161 Stirling power conversion unit (PCU) on the Ft. Huachuca CPG-460. In January 1997, a decision was made to retrofit a SOLO 161 Stirling engine on the CPG-460 at Ft. Huachuca. Project Rolling Thunder. The SOLO 161 Demonstration at Ft. Huachuca has been a challenge. Although, the SOLO 161 PCU has operated nearly flawlessly and the CPG-460 has been, for the most part, a solid and reliable component, integration of the SOLO PCU with the CPG-460 has required significant attention. In this paper, the integration issues and technical approaches of project Rolling Thunder are presented. Lessons of the project are also discussed.

  13. Horse Theft Awareness and Prevention - 15 Steps to Minimizing Theft of Horses and Equipment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbs, Pete G.

    2003-09-26

    Horse owners can take steps in the management and care of horses, facilities and equipment to minimize the risk of theft. This publication explains 15 ways to prevent horse theft....

  14. Thiamin supplementation for exercising horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topliff, Donald Ray

    1981-01-01

    was represented. Chromic oxide was used as an external indicator to determine total fecal output. At iv the end of each experimental period horses were subjected to an exercise tolerance test on an equine treadmill. Heart and respiration rates and blood... not significant- ly affected by treatment at any measured interval throughout the experiment. Mean blood thiamin levels were lower (P&, 05) at rest in horses after treatment I as compared to treatment II but treatment III was indistinguishable from either...

  15. Feeding Young Horses For Sound Development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbs, Pete G.; Potter, Gary D.

    2005-05-25

    Feeding Young Horses for Sound Development B-5043 05-05 Feeding Young Horses for Sound Development Pete G. Gibbs Professor and Extension Horse Specialist Department Of Animal Science Equine Sciences Program The Texas A&M University System Gary D...

  16. Feeding the Arena Performance Horse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbs, Pete G.; Potter, Gary D.; Scott, Brett D.

    2003-11-04

    can be digested more easily in the small intestine and more glucose can be absorbed. Cereal grains contain very little fat, and a typical grain mix often has no more than 3 percent total fat. Providing energy for performance horses During anaerobic... comparatively large amount of highly digestible starch to meet their demands for both aerobic and anaerobic energy production. High-performance horses cannot eat enough hay to get the amount of energy they need, and cereal grain can cause digestive upsets when...

  17. Texas 4-H Horse Project Teaching Outlines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Jeff W.; Johnson, Ken; Mason, Vanessa; Mitchell, Julianne

    2000-06-15

    Department, and Vanessa Mason, former Extension Assis- tant in Animal Science State Horse Office. Editorial contributions were made by Doug Householder and Pete Gibbs, Extension Horse Specialists. III CONTENTS The Digestive System of the Horse 1 Feeding... Management 30 minutes THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF THE HORSE Subject Matter Outline Youth should be able to: a73 Identify the digestive system of the horse a73 List the parts of the foregut and hindgut a73 Recognize the functions of each compartment a73 Identify...

  18. Texas 4-H Horse Quiz Bowl Supplement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Jeff W.

    1999-09-28

    BONUS Question: What is the one-way action from the phar- ynx to the stomach called? Answer: Peristalsis Source: ?Horse Science? Page number: 24 Division: Both D. Anatomy and Conformation Question: Compared to other farm animals, is the horse?s stomach... Supplement 4-H 3-2.031 8-99 A. Nutrition Question: What are feces? Answer: The waste matter of digestion Source: ?Horse Science? Page number: 25 Division: Both A. Nutrition Question: Name three of the five types of nutrients a horse needs. Answer: Energy...

  19. Horse Theft Awareness and Prevention - Identification of Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbs, Pete G.; Wall, Leman H.; Householder, Doug

    1998-08-12

    are being developed in addition to lip tattoos to make it easier for rac- ing stock to be shipped interna- tionally. Lip tattoos are used outside racing also. Through Certified Pedigree Option clinics con- ducted by inspectors for the Ap- paloosa Horse Club...

  20. New Hampshire "4-H Horse of the Year" Peter Stone Model Horse Contest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    New Hampshire "4-H Horse of the Year" Peter Stone Model Horse® Contest Current and former 4-H members are invited to submit nominations for the New Hampshire "4- H Horse of the Year" award. The focus.Davis@unh.edu ****************************************************************************** February 2015 The University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension is an equal opportunity educator

  1. Ultrasonographic evaluation of the supraspinous ligament in a series of ridden and unridden horses and horses with unrelated back pathology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henson, Frances M D; Lamas, Luis; Knezevic, Sabina; Jeffcott, Leo B

    2007-03-01

    between T(thoracic)6-T18 and ultrasonographic appearance. There was an average of 2.08 abnormal images per horse from the whole group. The average number of abnormalities in unridden horses was 4.92, in ridden horses 2.92 and in horses with clinical back...

  2. Distortion effects in Trojan Horse applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pizzone, R. G.; La Cognata, M.; Lamia, L.; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Blokhintsev, L. D.; Irgaziev, B.; Bertulani, C. A.; Spitaleri, C.

    2012-11-20

    Deuteron induced quasi-free scattering and reactions have been extensively investigated in the past few decades. This was done not only for nuclear structure and processes study but also for the important astrophysical implication (Trojan Horse Method, THM). In particular the width of the neutron momentum distribution in deuteron will be studied as a function of the transferred momentum. The same will be done for other nuclides of possible use as Trojan Horse particles. Trojan horse method applications will also be discussed because the momentum distribution of the spectator particle inside the Trojan horse nucleus is a necessary input for this method. The impact of the width (FWHM) variation on the extraction of the astrophysical S(E)-factor is discussed.

  3. Activity of group-transported horses during onboard rest stops 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keen, Heidi A.

    2007-04-25

    Activity of group-transported horses was evaluated during onboard rest stops to determine if horses derive meaningful rest. A single-deck semi-trailer separated into three compartments was used for all shipments. In ...

  4. Adaptation to a fat-supplemented diet by cutting horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julen, Tiffany Rochele

    1994-01-01

    Eight mature Quarter Horses were exercised by simulated cutting horse training in a repeated switchback experiment. Horses were fed a control (C) and a 10% fat-supplemented (F) concentrate with bermudagrass hay in a 60:40 ratio. A digestion trial...

  5. Bacterial Bleeding Canker of Horse Chestnut

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacterial Bleeding Canker of Horse Chestnut -unraveling its secrets through genomics Sarah Green bleeding canker 3. Sequenced the genome of Pae to gain insights into its evolution and biology 1. Developed) #12;Genome sequencing Pae What does genomics mean? `Genomics' is the study of the genomes of organisms

  6. APPENDIX I: TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Action -The manner in which a horse travels and moves.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    in the horse's mouth. The bit provides communication between the rider or driver and the horse. Bloom and other irritants from the horse; massages muscles. Gymkhana - A program of competitive games on horseback

  7. Pharmacokinetics of ranitidine HCL in horses and foals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Patricia Susan

    1995-01-01

    performance liquid chromatography. Adult horses received 2.2 mg/kg ranitidine PO and IV. Twelve-to sixteen-week-old foals received 2.2 mg ranitidine/kg IV and 4.4 mg ranitidine/kg PO. In adult horses, plasma concentrations of ranitidine HCl declined from a...

  8. Appendix 64 Excerpt from Hungry Horse Scientific Framework (Marotz 2002)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The 4-H's refer to hydropower. Hydropower The Hungry Horse Mitigation Plan estimated that improvements to dam operation would offset roughly half of the fisheries losses caused by the construction and operation of Hungry Horse and Libby Dams

  9. Horse Butte Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea,Magazine Jump to:II Wind Farm JumpHorse Butte

  10. Dead Horse Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) WindGrid Project)AreaDayDead Horse Geothermal

  11. Do Horse And Human Personalities Affect The Game Of Polo? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Tessa C

    2009-07-03

    Explorations into horse personality have only recently occurred with questionnaire inventories demonstrating to be the most effective way of rating personality in animals. Recent equine studies are based on the findings ...

  12. Epidemiology of Airborne Virulent Rhodococcus equi at Horse Breeding Farms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuskie, Kyle Ryan

    2012-02-14

    Rhodococcus equi causes severe pneumonia, resulting in disease and sometimes death of foals. Infection is thought to occur by inhalation of dust contaminated with virulent R equi. A recent study of 3 horse breeding farms in Ireland found airborne...

  13. Plasma Citrulline Levels in Horses at Risk of Acute Laminitis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Amy Lynn

    2013-04-10

    plasma citrulline concentrations. Citrulline is an ?-amino acid circulated in the plasma that is produced mainly by intestinal epithelial cells. We hypothesized that horses in the developmental stage of laminitis would have reduced plasma citrulline...

  14. The Role of the Horse in Mughal Miniature Paintings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Emily

    2012-07-11

    .................................................................................................................. 50 CONTACT INFORMATION ........................................................................................... 52 vii LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Parts of the horse (Oliver, Robert, Bob Langrish A Photographic Guide... were popular26; the Tartar people bred smaller Turkomans, mostly chestnuts, bays and greys, with some painted horses as well27. In the 18th century, near the end of the Mughal reign, Turkoman breeds from Hindu Kush were the most popular mounts...

  15. Thomas L. Shaw, President LOOP LLC Before Public Meeting on the...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Gulf Coast, primarily Corpus Christi, Texas. LOOP also receives crude oil through pipelines from the Mars and Thunder Horse offshore production platforms. These production...

  16. Evaluation of Stress Before, During, and After Transport in Naive Yearling Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garey, Shannon M.

    2010-07-14

    Recently, the European Union published regulations regarding the welfare of horses during transport requiring that horses be transported in individual stalls separated by partitions. The objective of this study was to determine if concentrations...

  17. The effects of complete pasture management at Equilibrium Horse Center, Gambrills, Maryland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Templeton, Jennifer J.

    1999-01-01

    An internship was performed in Gambrills, Maryland, at ics. an equine boarding facility, Equilibrium Horse Center. As Boarder Barn Manager, I was responsible for the care of 28 boarding horses, in addition to the monthly ...

  18. Influence of Confinement Housing on the Cecal Environment of the Horse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolford, Ashley

    2012-02-14

    , and cecal fluid was collected on d 28. Horses were paired by age and body weight (BW) and randomly assigned to treatment. Treatments consisted of housing horses individually in stalls or group housed in a dry lot pen. Regardless of treatment, all horses...

  19. The effect of human alpha interferon on experimentally induced equine herpesvirus-1 infection in horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seahorn, Thomas Leon

    1989-01-01

    . The horses of two groups were treated orally with human alpha- 2a interferon, 0. 22 or 2. 2 U/Kg body weight, on days 2 and 1 day before inoculation, the day of inoculation with EHV-1 and again on postinoculation day 1. The horses of the remaining group... Quantity of nasal discharge in weanling horses after inoculation with EHV-1 25 Character of nasal discharge in weanling horses after inoculation with EHV-1 29 Isolation (+) of EHV-1 from peripheral blood leukocytes in weanling horses following...

  20. Effect of Concentrate Form on Gastric Ulcer Syndrome in Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huth, Lindsey

    2012-02-14

    EGUS score on a scale of 0 to 4 (0= no ulceration or hyperkeratosis, 4= extensive, deep ulceration) and sex, and utilized in a 77-d cross-over design with two 28-d periods separated by a 21-d washout period. During the first 28-d period, horses were...

  1. Lactic acid production in exercising horses fed N,N-dimethylglycine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moffitt, Patricia Ghagan

    1984-01-01

    . Gary D. Potter Six mature geldings were used in a repeated measures design to determine whether DMG, fed as a dietary supplement, reduces the venous blood levels of lactic acid in horses. Diet and daily exercise were held constant throughout.... . . . 30 6A. Lactic acid concentrations for individual horses during period 1, 2, and 3. 34 6B. Lactic acid concentrations for individual horses during period 1, 2, and 3. 35 7A. Heart rates for individual horses during period 1, 2, and 3. 7B. Heart...

  2. Comparative nutrient digestibility in horses fed a fat-supplemented, high-fiber diet 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dougherty, Jillian Joy

    2003-01-01

    fiber (ADF), nitrogen, ether extract and gross energy concentrations. Dry matter digestibility was higher when horses were fed the control diet (P digestibility and digestible protein intake...

  3. Effects of Intra-Articular Lipopolysaccharide Injection on Systemic Cytokine Gene Expression and Leukocyte Population in Young Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Carrie

    2012-02-14

    Nineteen yearling Quarter Horses were utilized in a randomized, complete block design to evaluate systemic cytokine gene expression and circulating leukocyte population in young horses following an intra-articular lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge...

  4. Training distance to failure and density of the third metacarpal in young racing Quarter Horses fed sodium zeolite A 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Brian Douglas

    1992-01-01

    in seconds 30 10. Average distance in meters to first failure (or completion of project if no injury occurred) during the conditioning and racing phase (excluding horses accidently injured and horses that never entered the conditioning phase) 34 Table... Page Average cycles (strides) to first failure (or completion of project if no injury occurred) during the conditioning and racing phase (excluding horses accidently injured before first failure and horses that never entered the conditioning phase...

  5. Gastric ulcer syndrome in exercising horses fed different types of hay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lybbert, Travis Craig

    2009-05-15

    was to further investigate any possible antiulcerogenic properties of alfalfa hay. Twenty-four Quarter Horse yearlings, 12-16 months of age, were utilized in this study. The 77-d experiment consisted of two 28-d periods separated by a 21-d wash-out period. Horses...

  6. Simulation and management implications of feral horse grazing on Cumberland Island, Georgia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    Simulation and management implications of feral horse grazing on Cumberland Island, Georgia MONICA GOIGEL TURNER Cumberiand Island National !&shore, Georgia,is inhabited by a population of feral horsea an acceptable population size of feral horses. Five-year shnulations indicated a threshold of 2,700 kg

  7. Copper and zinc balance in exercising horses fed two forms of mineral supplements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Elizabeth Lynn

    2009-05-15

    This study was undertaken to compare the absorption and retention of copper and zinc when supplemented to exercising horses in the form of sulfate or organic-chelate mineral supplements. Nine mature horses were used in a modified-switchback designed...

  8. Effect of a static magnetic field on blood flow to the metacarpus in horses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirschvink, Joseph L.

    Effect of a static magnetic field on blood flow to the metacarpus in horses Phillip E Steyn, BVSc of a static magnetic field on relative blood flow to the metacarpus of horses. Design-Randomized controlled minutes later. A magnetic wrap that emitted a static magnetic field was applied to 1 metacarpus

  9. White Horse, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia: EnergyMaryland: EnergyWexfordSouthValleyCity,Indiana:Horse, New

  10. Control of Strongylidae in horses by pasture rotation and chemotherapy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharp, Marvin Lafayette

    1964-01-01

    period. lg&0p&9g6 g7T ~ 99glgf ~ 103 Xt is sigaificaat however, Chat all who have published papers on stroagylosis in horses seem to agree chat the pre psts e p et a o sll spa tas ot laeg esoagplos ~ge oa 1 ~ ~oat ost ~ g gg to ~ a, ~ lo e el ) ts ~ e... seasonal variation ia Chs number of eggs which are passed in the fecesg&7p6gp93 b?e sufficient numbers are passed by infected aaimsls during all. ssssoas of the year to contamiaats a past?rs to the smtene thee constant reinfection occurs. 4 ' ggp99g...

  11. Infectious Anaemia of the Horse: A Preliminary Report. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis, M. (Mark); Marsteller, R. P. (Ross Perry)

    1908-01-01

    , allowed them to eat and drink together, and run together i the same pasture, where there were the same flies, ticks, and mosquitoe,, yet no sickness has occurreci among the healthy ones. The blood of those that survive the first attack, and that regain... no attention to the dozens of flies that cover him. We filled a syringe with blood from his jugular vein and injected 5 c.c. of it intravenously and 5 c.c. subcutaneously into a horse His further history is as follows: Oct Oct - Oct Ort. ober 23...

  12. Dead Horse Wells Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments IncMississippi: Energy Resources Jump to:DeSoto,Dead Horse

  13. Wild Horse and Burro Management | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,WhatUtilityRateNamingHelper JumpWild Horse and Burro

  14. Horse Hollow Expansion Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Horse Hollow II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Horse Hollow III Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Horse Hollow Wind Energy Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea,Magazine Jump to:II Wind Farm JumpHorseII

  18. Hungry Horse Mitigation; Flathead Lake, 2003-2004 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, Barry; Evarts, Les

    2005-06-01

    The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes (CSKT) and Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks (MFWP) wrote the ''Fisheries Mitigation Plan for Losses Attributable to the Construction and Operation of Hungry Horse Dam'' in March 1991 to define the fisheries losses, mitigation alternatives and recommendations to protect, mitigate and enhance resident fish and aquatic habitat affected by Hungry Horse Dam. On November 12, 1991, the Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) approved the mitigation plan with minor modifications, called for a detailed implementation plan, and amended measures 903(h)(1) through (7). A long-term mitigation plan was submitted in August 1992, was approved by the Council in 1993, and the first contract for this project was signed on November 11, 1993. The problem this project addresses is the loss of habitat, both in quality and quantity, in the Flathead Lake and River basin resulting from the construction and operation of Hungry Horse Dam. The purpose of the project is to both implement mitigation measures and monitor the biological responses to those measures including those implemented by Project Numbers 9101903 and 9101904. Goals and objectives of the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program (Section 10.1) addressed by this project are the rebuilding to sustainable levels weak, but recoverable, native populations injured by the hydropower system. The project mitigates the blockage of spawning runs by Hungry Horse Dam by restoring and even creating spawning habitats within direct drainages to Flathead Lake. The project also addresses the altered habitat within Flathead Lake resulting from species shifts and consequent dominance of new species that restricts the potential success of mitigation measures. Specific goals of this project are to create and restore habitat and quantitatively monitor changes in fish populations to verify the efficacy of our mitigation measures. The project consists of three components: monitoring, restoration and research. Monitoring, for example, includes a spring gillnetting series conducted annually in Flathead Lake and builds on an existing data set initiated in 1981. Monitoring of the experimental kokanee reintroduction was a primary activity of this project between 1992 and 1997. Lake trout, whose high densities have precluded successful mitigation of losses of other species in Flathead Lake, have been monitored since 1996 to measure several biological parameters. Results of this work have utility in determining the population status of this key predator in Flathead Lake. The project has also defined the baseline condition of the Flathead Lake fishery in 1992-1993 and has conducted annual lakewide surveys since 1998. The restoration component of the project has addressed several stream channel, riparian, and fish passage problems, and suppression of non-native fish. The research component of the project began in FY 2000 and measured trophic linkages between M. relicta and other species to assist in predicting the results of our efforts to suppress lake trout. Only Objective 1 in the workplan is funded entirely by Hungry Horse Mitigation funds. Additional funds are drawn from other sources to assist in completion of Objectives 2-8.

  19. Diffusion of the Texas Cooperative Extension's horse theft awareness and prevention initiative 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaim, Pattrick Lee, Jr.

    2006-04-12

    Counties and yielded 56 usable instruments. Using DillmanÂ?s (2000) procedures, data from participants of the HTAPI programs were collected using two mailed survey instruments. One hundred ninety two participants of the 2004 Mare Foal, Basic Horse...

  20. Effects of Dietary Magnesium Status on Indices of Muscular Dysfunction in Exercising Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurtz, Cassidy A.

    2011-02-22

    Throughout the performance horse industry, the occurance of various muscle disorders is common and can be detrimental to the performance and longevity of equine athletes. Research has revealed effects of diet manipulation, exercise, and electrolyte...

  1. Imflammatory response in horses fed diets containing omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Kristopher Ray

    2003-01-01

    This study was conducted to characterize the inflammatory response of horses to chronic and acute exercise as influenced by dietary fat supplementation. Different ratios of omega 6 vs. omega 3 fatty acid supplementation ...

  2. Absorption and retention of different chemical forms of trace minerals by mature horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Elizabeth Lynn

    2003-01-01

    and 60% concentrate. All diets were balanced to meet the energy, protein, calcium and phosphorus requirements for maintenance of mature horses. Copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) and zinc (Zn) were supplemented to provide 150% of the NRC(1989) values...

  3. Evolution, Systematics, and Phylogeography of Pleistocene Horses in the New World: A Molecular Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinstock, Jaco; Willerslev, Eske; Sher, Andrei; Tong, Wenfei; Ho, Simon Y.W.; Rubenstein, Dan; Storer, John; Burns, James A.; Martin, Larry D.; Bravil, Claudio; Prieto, Alfredo; Froese, Duane; Scott, Eric; Lai, Xulong; Cooper, Alan

    2005-06-28

    The rich fossil record of horses has made them a classic example of evolutionary processes. However, while the overall picture of equid evolution is well known, the details are surprisingly poorly understood, especially ...

  4. High resolution physical and comparative maps of horse chromosomes 14 (ECA14) and 21 (ECA21) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goh, Glenda Lay Bee

    2006-08-16

    In order to identify genes or markers responsible for economically important traits in the horse, the development of high resolution gene maps of individual equine chromosomes is essential. We herein report the construction of high resolution...

  5. Effects of exercise or oocyte heat shock on embryo development and gene expression in the horse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mortensen, Christopher John

    2009-05-15

    Horse owners commonly maintain their broodmares in training and competition during the breeding season. The effect this has on mare reproductive efficiency has received limited attention. Heat stress has shown to be ...

  6. Physiological responses of mature Quarter Horses to reining training when fed conventional and fat supplemented diets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rammerstorfer, Christian

    1996-01-01

    An initial experiment was conducted utilizing five mature Quarter Horses to establish baseline physiological responses to typical reining training. Heart rate and plasma lactate concentration indicated that galloping circles, spinning and stopping...

  7. Effects of density on displacement, falls, injuries, and orientation during horse transportation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Maranda Nicole

    2000-01-01

    Three groups of horses (totaling 30 mares and 29 geldings) purchased from local auctions, were used to determine density effects on displacement (distance moved during a stop), falls, injuries, and orientation using a ...

  8. The role of andragogy and self-directed learning in the draft horse industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hynes, James William

    2006-08-16

    The purpose of this study was to determine and understand the variables affecting the revival of the draft horse industry in the United States. A qualitative study was conducted using 31 purposively (Lincoln and Guba, 1985) ...

  9. INFLUENCE OF GLUCOCORTICOSTEROID HORMONES ON IMMUNE FUNCTIONS OF NORMAL AND CUSHING’S SYNDROME HORSES 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutierrez, Kaitlin A.

    2011-08-04

    ABSTRACT Influence of Glucocorticosteroid Hormones on Immune Functions of Normal and Cushing’s Syndrome Horses (April 2008) Kaitlin Alyssa Gutierrez Department of Animal Science Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Thomas H. Welsh, Jr...

  10. Calcium balance and bone density in immature horses fed a high protein diet 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spooner, Holly Sue

    2006-10-30

    Studies in other species indicate high protein diets increase urinary calcium (Ca) excretion and may lead to negative calcium balance and reduced bone density. As overfeeding of protein is commonplace in the horse ...

  11. Plasma concentration of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate in horses following an oral dose 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Courtney Ann

    2006-04-12

    This study was conducted to study absorption of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate and to measure any changes in blood concentration of these compounds following feeding them to horses in different amounts. Six mature ...

  12. Big bang nucleosynthesis revisited via Trojan Horse method measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pizzone, R. G.; Spartá, R.; Spitaleri, C.; La Cognata, M.; Tumino, A. [INFN—Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via Santa Sofia 62, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Bertulani, C. A.; Lalmansingh, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, Commerce, TX 75025 (United States); Lamia, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Catania, Via Santa Sofia 64, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Mukhamedzhanov, A., E-mail: rgpizzone@lns.infn.it [Cyclotron Institute, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States)

    2014-05-10

    Nuclear reaction rates are among the most important input for understanding primordial nucleosynthesis and, therefore, for a quantitative description of the early universe. An up-to-date compilation of direct cross-sections of {sup 2}H(d, p){sup 3}H, {sup 2}H(d, n){sup 3}He, {sup 7}Li(p, ?){sup 4}He, and {sup 3}He(d, p){sup 4}He reactions is given. These are among the most uncertain cross-sections used and input for big bang nucleosynthesis calculations. Their measurements through the Trojan Horse method are also reviewed and compared with direct data. The reaction rates and the corresponding recommended errors in this work were used as input for primordial nucleosynthesis calculations to evaluate their impact on the {sup 2}H, {sup 3,4}He, and {sup 7}Li primordial abundances, which are then compared with observations.

  13. Effect of Trace Mineral Supplementation on Gastric Ulcers in Exercising Yearling Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, Alexa Dawn

    2010-10-12

    MINERAL SUPPLEMENTATION ON GASTRIC ULCERS IN EXERCISING YEARLING HORSES A Thesis by ALEXA DAWN HAYES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 2009 Major Subject: Animal Science EFFECT OF TRACE MINERAL SUPPLEMENTATION ON GASTRIC ULCERS IN EXERCISING YEARLING HORSES A Thesis by ALEXA DAWN HAYES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

  14. Effect of orientation and location during transport on stress and maintenance of balance in horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Diana Kathleen

    1991-01-01

    EFFECT OF ORIENTATION AND LOCATION DURING TRANSPORT ON STRESS AND MAINTENANCE OF BALANCE IN HORSES A Thesis by DIANA KATHLEEN CLARK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AKIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Animal Science EFFECT OF ORIENTATION AND LOCATION DURING TRANSPORT ON STRESS AND MAINTENANCE OF BALANCE IN HORSES A Thesis by Diana Xathleen Clark Approved as to style and content by: T. H...

  15. Cardiorespiratory response and blood lactate in cutting horses subjected to two exercise regimens 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Mary Elizabeth

    1986-01-01

    CARDIORESPIRATORY RESPONSE AND BLOOD LACTATE IN CUTTING HORSES SUBJECTED TO TWO EXERCISE REGIHENS A Thesis by MARY ELIZABETH CAMPBELL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ABH University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OP SCIENCE Hay 1986 Major Subject: Animal Science CARDIORESPIRATORY RESPONSE AHD BLOOD LACTATE IH CUTTING HORSES SUBJECTED TO TWO EXERCISE REGINENS A Thesis by NARY ELIZABETH CANPBELL Approved as to style and content by: Ga D...

  16. Determining Home Range and Preferred Habitat of Feral Horses on the Nevada National Security Site Using Geographic Information Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burns, Ashley V.

    2014-05-30

    Feral horses (Equus caballus) are free-roaming descendants of domesticated horses and legally protected by the Wild and Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971, which mandates how feral horses and burros should be managed and protected on federal lands. Using a geographic information system to determine the home range and suitable habitat of feral horses on the federally managed Nevada National Security Site can enable wildlife biologists in making best management practice recommendations. Home range was estimated at 88.1 square kilometers. Site suitability was calculated for elevation, forage, slope, water presence and horse observations. These variables were combined in successive iterations into one polygon. Suitability rankings established that 85 square kilometers are most suitable habitat, with 2,052 square kilometers of good habitat 1,252 square kilometers of fair habitat and 122 square kilometers of least suitable habitat.

  17. How to Get Started in a 4-H Horse Project Written by: Sally Barney, Extension Specialist, 4-H Youth Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 How to Get Started in a 4-H Horse Project Written by: Sally Barney, Extension Specialist, 4-H Youth Development Reviewed and revised by Mary Davis, Program Coordinator Animal and Ag Science Welcome to an exploration of the 4-H horse project! This project can be a lot of fun, and it certainly involves a wide range

  18. How to safely compost Cameraria ohridella-infested horse chestnut leaf litter on private compost heaps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    How to safely compost Cameraria ohridella-infested horse chestnut leaf litter on private compost the deposition of pest-infested litter on private compost heaps was dissuaded because of the risk of leafminer emergence in the following spring. Thus, the aim of this study was to test safe ways to compost pest

  19. Influence of Dietary Starch Inclusion on Cecal Environment and Microbial Populations in Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warzecha, Christine Marie

    2013-08-07

    Project 16S rRNA dataset. Data were analyzed using PROC MIXED procedure of SAS. Bacterial phyla were largely unaffected by dietary treatment for the first 12 h after the initial concentrate meal except for Verrucomicrobia which was greater in LS horses (P...

  20. Effects of Crude Protein Content on Intake and Digestion of Coastal Bermudagrass Hay by Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spurgin, Chelsey L.

    2011-08-08

    This study was conducted to determine the effect of forage CP level on intake and digestion of Coastal bermudagrass hay by horses. Four cecally fistulated geldings were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square design with four treatments and four periods...

  1. 2002 EASTERN NATIONAL 4-H HORSE ROUND-UP BEGIN ONE-ON-ONE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    , what is the term for grain that passes through rollers with corrugated surfaces? A. Crimped S. AYHCLM in the horse? A. Thrush S. HIH, p. 540-1 24. Cat. 300 Q. Describe a piebald pinto pony. A. The coat color

  2. The Effect of Dietary Starch Concentration on Glycogen Replenishment in Performance Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vonderohe, Caitlin

    2013-12-12

    (LS) concentrates at 0.75% BW/d plus l.0% BW/d Coastal Bermudagrass hay for 14 d, and then worked to fatigue in a standardized exercise test (SET). After a 14-d washout period, horses were switched to the opposite diet for 14 d and then again performed...

  3. ERPs and Domain Speci city: Beating a Straw Horse Seana Coulson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    ERPs and Domain Speci city: Beating a Straw Horse Seana Coulson University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ and negative peaks known as the event-related brain potential (ERP). In the 1960s, it was well-known that the amplitude and latency of these peaks, or ``components'', in the ERP could be correlated with sensory aspects

  4. Experimental study to explore the $\\rm ^8Be$ induced nuclear reaction via the Trojan Horse Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen Qun-Gang; Li Cheng-Bo; Zhou Shu-Hua; Bakhadir Irgaziev; Fu Yuan-Yong; Claudio Spitaleri; Marco La Cognata; Zhou Jing; Meng Qiu-Ying; Livio Lamia; Marcello Lattuada

    2014-12-30

    To explore a possible indirect method for $\\rm ^8Be$ induced astrophysical reactions, the $\\rm ^9Be=({}^8Be+\\it n)$ cluster structure was studied via the Trojan Horse Method. It is the first time to study a super short life nucleus $\\rm ^8Be$ via the Trojan Horse Method, and it is the first time to make a valid test for $l=1$ Trojan-horse nucleus. The $\\rm ^9Be$ nucleus is assumed to have a ($\\rm {}^8Be+\\it n$) cluster structure and used as the Trojan-horse nucleus. The $\\rm ^8Be$ nucleus acts as a participant, while the neutron is a spectator to the virtual $\\rm ^8Be +{\\it d}\\rightarrow \\alpha + {}^6Li$ reaction via a suitable 3-body reaction $\\rm ^9Be +{\\it d}\\rightarrow \\alpha + {}^6Li +\\it n$. The experimental neutron momentum distribution inside $\\rm ^9Be$ was reconstructed. The agreement between experimental and theoretical momentum distribution indicates that there should be a ($\\rm {}^8Be+\\it n$) cluster structure inside $\\rm ^9Be$. Therefor the experimental study of $\\rm ^8Be$ induced reactions, for example the experimental measurement of the $\\rm ^8Be +\\alpha \\rightarrow {}^{12}C$ reaction proceeding through the Hoyle state, is possible.

  5. Establishing and Managing Horse Pastures in Vermont By Sid Bosworth, Extension Professor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    a basic pasture that minimizes mud and dust and assures good footing for their animals. Horse Stocking or organic matter such as compost or manure. Whether you can get a soil map or not, it is still important. Compost or well cured solid manure are good options. To mix it into the soil, add half the compost

  6. "Trojan Horse" strategy for deconstruction of biomass for biofuels production.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinclair, Michael B.; Hadi, Masood Z.; Timlin, Jerilyn Ann; Thomson, James; Whalen, Maureen; Thilmony, Roger; Tran-Gyamfi, Mary; Simmons, Blake Alexander; Sapra, Rajat

    2008-08-01

    Production of renewable biofuels to displace fossil fuels currently consumed in the transportation sector is a pressing multi-agency national priority. Currently, nearly all fuel ethanol is produced from corn-derived starch. Dedicated 'energy crops' and agricultural waste are preferred long-term solutions for renewable, cheap, and globally available biofuels as they avoid some of the market pressures and secondary greenhouse gas emission challenges currently facing corn ethanol. These sources of lignocellulosic biomass are converted to fermentable sugars using a variety of chemical and thermochemical pretreatments, which disrupt cellulose and lignin cross-links, allowing exogenously added recombinant microbial enzymes to more efficiently hydrolyze the cellulose for 'deconstruction' into glucose. This process is plagued with inefficiencies, primarily due to the recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass, mass transfer issues during deconstruction, and low activity of recombinant deconstruction enzymes. Costs are also high due to the requirement for enzymes and reagents, and energy-intensive and cumbersome pretreatment steps. One potential solution to these problems is found in synthetic biology; they propose to engineer plants that self-produce a suite of cellulase enzymes targeted to the apoplast for cleaving the linkages between lignin and cellulosic fibers; the genes encoding the degradation enzymes, also known as cellulases, are obtained from extremophilic organisms that grow at high temperatures (60-100 C) and acidic pH levels (<5). These enzymes will remain inactive during the life cycle of the plant but become active during hydrothermal pretreatment i.e., elevated temperatures. Deconstruction can be integrated into a one-step process, thereby increasing efficiency (cellulose-cellulase mass-transfer rates) and reducing costs. The proposed disruptive technologies address biomass deconstruction processes by developing transgenic plants encoding a suite of enzymes used in cellulosic deconstruction. The unique aspects of this technology are the rationally engineered, highly productive extremophilic enzymes, targeted to specific cellular locations (apoplast) and their dormancy during normal plant proliferation, which become Trojan horses during pretreatment conditions. They have been leveraging established Sandia's enzyme-engineering and imaging capabilities. Their technical approach not only targets the recalcitrance and mass-transfer problem during biomass degradation but also eliminates the costs associated with industrial-scale production of microbial enzymes added during processing.

  7. Practical security bounds against the Trojan-horse attack in quantum key distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Lucamarini; Iris Choi; Martin B. Ward; James F. Dynes; Zhiliang Yuan; Andrew J. Shields

    2015-06-05

    In the quantum version of a Trojan-horse attack, photons are injected into the optical modules of a quantum key distribution system in an attempt to read information direct from the encoding devices. To stop the Trojan photons, the use of passive optical components has been suggested. However, to date, there is no quantitative bound that specifies such components in relation to the security of the system. Here, we turn the Trojan-horse attack into an information leakage problem. This allows us quantify the system security and relate it to the specification of the optical elements. The analysis is supported by the experimental characterization of reflectivity and transmission of the optical components most relevant to security.

  8. Practical security bounds against the Trojan-horse attack in quantum key distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Lucamarini; Iris Choi; Martin B. Ward; James F. Dynes; Zhiliang Yuan; Andrew J. Shields

    2015-08-03

    In the quantum version of a Trojan-horse attack, photons are injected into the optical modules of a quantum key distribution system in an attempt to read information direct from the encoding devices. To stop the Trojan photons, the use of passive optical components has been suggested. However, to date, there is no quantitative bound that specifies such components in relation to the security of the system. Here, we turn the Trojan-horse attack into an information leakage problem. This allows us quantify the system security and relate it to the specification of the optical elements. The analysis is supported by the experimental characterization, within the operation regime, of reflectivity and transmission of the optical components most relevant to security.

  9. Hungry Horse Dam Fisheries Mitigation Implementation Plan, 1990-2003 Progress (Annual) Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks; Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes

    1993-03-10

    In this document the authors present mitigation implementation activities to protect and enhance resident fish and aquatic habitat affected by the construction and operation of Hungry Horse Dam. This plan only addresses non-operational actions (mitigation measures that do not affect dam operation) described in the 'Fisheries Mitigation Plan for Losses Attributable to the Construction and Operation of Hungry Horse Dam' (Mitigation Plan) submitted to the Northwest Power Planning Council (Council) in March 1991 and in accordance with subsequent Council action on that Mitigation Plan. Operational mitigation was deferred for consideration under the Columbia Basin System Operation Review (SOR) process. This document represents an implementation plan considered and conditionally approved by the Council in March of 1993.

  10. Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat Mitigation Plan for Hungry Horse Hydroelectric Project, Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bissell, Gael

    1985-01-01

    This report describes the proposed mitigation plan for wildlife losses attributable to the construction of the Hungry Horse hydroelectric project. In this report, mitigation objectives and alternatives, the recommended mitigation projects, and the crediting system for each project are described by each target species. Mitigation objectives for each species (group) were established based on the loss estimates but tailored to the recommended projects. 13 refs., 3 figs., 19 tabs.

  11. Growth performance, voluntary intake and nutrient digestibility in horses grazing Bermudagrass pastures and fed Bermudagrass hay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiken, Glen Eris

    1986-01-01

    of horses grazing Bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L. ) Pers. ] pastures with no supplementation. Stocking rate treatments of 6. 7, 7. 9, 9. 5 and 12. 4 yearlings per hectare were imposed on two Bermuda- grass pastures. Average daily weight gain... Bermudagrass pastures at stocki ng rates of 6. 7, 7. 9, 9. 5 and 12. 4 yearlings per hectare. 2. Determine the relationship between growth of yearlings and the amount of forage available to them. 3. Determine the relationship between growth of yearlings...

  12. Comparative Genomics of Mongolian Purebred and Hybrid Horses: Conserving an Important Breed 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Taryn

    2013-02-04

    of livestock that each Mongolian family keeps. The livestock provides housing, clothing, and food to its owners, making herding one of the main occupations found in Mongolia, (Friters 1949). In order to ensure their animals have enough food, the herder must... move his animals, and therefore himself, to new pastures often enough to find areas for grazing. The five main kinds of animal the Mongolian herder is likely to have are horses, camels, sheep, goats, and cattle (Friters 1949). In order...

  13. Selection and Use of Hay and Processed Roughage in Horse Feeding 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbs, Pete G.

    2005-04-15

    of harvest and other pertinent factors, such as fi eld inspections throughout the harvesting process. 2. Other Legumes Besides alfalfa, other legume hays used to feed horses include red clover, birdsfoot trefoil and lespedeza. 40 Blister beetles contain... clover hay is intermediate between grasses and alfalfa, and energy level is about the same as many grasses, while its levels and ratios of both calcium and phosphorus are similar to that of alfalfa. Red clover hay often appears stemmy, and it does...

  14. Weed Busters: How to take the Kick out of Western Horse Nettle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Charles R.; Lyons, Robert K.; McGinty, Allan

    2007-04-18

    orifice size) or a flat fan nozzle that can deliver a coarse spray (large droplets). Prepare the Herbicide Mixture You can expect 76 to 100 percent control of Western horse- nettle by spraying with a mixture of 1 percent Grazon P+D?, Gun... instructions on calibrating ground broadcast sprayers. Prepare the Herbicide Mix Use Grazon P+D?, GunSlinger? Weedmaster?, Range Star? or Cimarron Max? to control Western horsenettle. Grazon P+D? and GunSlinger? contain picloram and 2,4-D. Weedmaster? and Range...

  15. 2-M Probe At Dead Horse Wells Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton Jump to:Wylie, Texas:V.S.A.EnergyInformation Dead Horse

  16. Evaluating the technique of using nitrogen retention as a response criterion for amino acid studies in the horse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antilley, Teri Jill

    2007-09-17

    and randomly assigned to one of three concentrates fed with a medium quality Coastal Bermudagrass hay throughout the study. Diets were fed at approximately 1.9% of horse body weight per day, divided into twice daily feedings with a 60:40 concentrate: hay ratio...

  17. Channels and sources used to gather equine-related information by college-age horse owners and enthusiasts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Erin Alene

    2009-05-15

    This thesis identifies the equine-related topics that are important to Texas college-age horse owners and enthusiasts and the channels/sources they use to get equine-related information. Little research has focused on this group to determine...

  18. Effects of density and water availability on the behavior, physiology, and weight loss of slaughter horses during transport 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iacono, Christa Marie

    2007-04-25

    The aim of this study was to determine the effects of density and provision of water on behavior, stress, and weight loss in slaughter horses during transport. A 16.2-m long, single deck, semi-trailer was divided into three ...

  19. Uncontrolled stockpiles of horse manure can be an unsightly, smelly and fly-infested mess. Stockpiles also

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    . Frequently, operators of equine facilities and large-animal veterinary clinics must pay some- one to take otherwise be a liability. Composting manure can eliminate a messy problem and provide a mod- est additional income. For the horse enthusiast interested in composting, it is important to understand the basic

  20. Risk analysis of Trojan-horse attacks on practical quantum key distribution systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nitin Jain; Birgit Stiller; Imran Khan; Vadim Makarov; Christoph Marquardt; Gerd Leuchs

    2014-12-19

    An eavesdropper Eve may probe a quantum key distribution (QKD) system by sending a bright pulse from the quantum channel into the system and analyzing the back-reflected pulses. Such Trojan-horse attacks can breach the security of the QKD system if appropriate safeguards are not installed or if they can be fooled by Eve. We present a risk analysis of such attacks based on extensive spectral measurements, such as transmittance, reflectivity, and detection sensitivity of some critical components used in typical QKD systems. Our results indicate the existence of wavelength regimes where the attacker gains considerable advantage as compared to launching an attack at 1550 nm. We also propose countermeasures to reduce the risk of such attacks.

  1. You can lead a horse to water... Are clinical students getting the message about the library and information skills support that is available?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Isla; Edwards-Waller, E

    2009-01-01

    You can lead a horse to water… Are clinical students getting the message about the library and information skills support that is available? Isla Kuhn* & Lizz Edwards-Waller** * Reader Services Librarian, Cambridge University Library Medical... lead a horse to water, but you can't make it drink" might still be relevant. Communication with Students Prior to arriving in Cambridge Isla started her professional life in the Cairns Library, as was, in Oxford’s John Radcliffe Hospital before...

  2. Indices of stress in exercising horses fed diets containing varying amounts of omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Alicia Dawn

    2005-11-01

    -1 INDICES OF STRESS IN EXERCISING HORSES FED DIETS CONTAINING VARYING AMOUNTS OF OMEGA-6 AND OMEGA-3 POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS A Thesis by ALICIA DAWN HOWARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... OF OMEGA-6 AND OMEGA-3 POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS A Thesis by ALICIA DAWN HOWARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

  3. The Trojan Horse method for nuclear astrophysics: Recent results on resonance reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cognata, M. La; Pizzone, R. G. [Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Catania (Italy); Spitaleri, C.; Cherubini, S.; Romano, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy and Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Catania (Italy); Gulino, M.; Tumino, A. [Kore University, Enna, Italy and Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Catania (Italy); Lamia, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Catania, Catania (Italy)

    2014-05-09

    Nuclear astrophysics aims to measure nuclear-reaction cross sections of astrophysical interest to be included into models to study stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis. Low energies, < 1 MeV or even < 10 keV, are requested for this is the window where these processes are more effective. Two effects have prevented to achieve a satisfactory knowledge of the relevant nuclear processes, namely, the Coulomb barrier exponentially suppressing the cross section and the presence of atomic electrons. These difficulties have triggered theoretical and experimental investigations to extend our knowledge down to astrophysical energies. For instance, indirect techniques such as the Trojan Horse Method have been devised yielding new cutting-edge results. In particular, I will focus on the application of this indirect method to resonance reactions. Resonances might dramatically enhance the astrophysical S(E)-factor so, when they occur right at astrophysical energies, their measurement is crucial to pin down the astrophysical scenario. Unknown or unpredicted resonances might introduce large systematic errors in nucleosynthesis models. These considerations apply to low-energy resonances and to sub-threshold resonances as well, as they may produce sizable modifications of the S-factor due to, for instance, destructive interference with another resonance.

  4. Thunder Sky Energy Group Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation Policy andInstitute JumpWashSolar USAThumb

  5. Gamma Shield Thunder Exercise Concludes | National Nuclear Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities Nuclear PhysicsGE GlobalGetting&Tools

  6. Vermont 4-H Communications Contest The 2015 Vermont Communications Contest for 4-H horse members will be held on Friday, June 26, 2015 at 5:30 pm at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Vermont 4-H Communications Contest The 2015 Vermont Communications Contest for 4-H horse members Vermont 4-H horse members 14 years through 18 years of age as of January 1, 2015. There are three, 1914, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture. University of Vermont Extension

  7. Muscle glycogen concentrations in exercised miniature horses with different body conditions when fed a control or fat-supplemented diet 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Denise Louise

    1992-01-01

    of Advisory Committee: Dr. Gary D. Potter In a repeated switchback experiment, six Miniature Horse geldings, with body condition scores (CS) ranging from 3 to 8, were exercised regularly and fed a control and 10% fat-supplemented concentrate diet. After... SCORES AND CONTROL AND FAT DIETS 78 ANOVA TABLE FOR RIB FAT BY SIX CONDITION SCORES AND CONTROL AND FAT DIETS 79 ANOVA TABLE FQR RIB FAT BY THREE CONDITION SCORES AND CONTROL AND FAT DIETS 79 ANQVA TABLE FQR INTAKE BY SIX CONDITION SCORES...

  8. %22Trojan Horse%22 strategy for deconstruction of biomass for biofuels production.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simmons, Blake Alexander; Sinclair, Michael B.; Yu, Eizadora; Timlin, Jerilyn Ann; Hadi, Masood Z.; Tran-Gyamfi, Mary

    2011-02-01

    Production of renewable biofuels to displace fossil fuels currently consumed in the transportation sector is a pressing multiagency national priority (DOE/USDA/EERE). Currently, nearly all fuel ethanol is produced from corn-derived starch. Dedicated 'energy crops' and agricultural waste are preferred long-term solutions for renewable, cheap, and globally available biofuels as they avoid some of the market pressures and secondary greenhouse gas emission challenges currently facing corn ethanol. These sources of lignocellulosic biomass are converted to fermentable sugars using a variety of chemical and thermochemical pretreatments, which disrupt cellulose and lignin cross-links, allowing exogenously added recombinant microbial enzymes to more efficiently hydrolyze the cellulose for 'deconstruction' into glucose. This process is plagued with inefficiencies, primarily due to the recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass, mass transfer issues during deconstruction, and low activity of recombinant deconstruction enzymes. Costs are also high due to the requirement for enzymes and reagents, and energy-intensive cumbersome pretreatment steps. One potential solution to these problems is found in synthetic biology-engineered plants that self-produce a suite of cellulase enzymes. Deconstruction can then be integrated into a one-step process, thereby increasing efficiency (cellulose-cellulase mass-transfer rates) and reducing costs. The unique aspects of our approach are the rationally engineered enzymes which become Trojan horses during pretreatment conditions. During this study we rationally engineered Cazy enzymes and then integrated them into plant cells by multiple transformation techniques. The regenerated plants were assayed for first expression of these messages and then for the resulting proteins. The plants were then subjected to consolidated bioprocessing and characterized in detail. Our results and possible implications of this work on developing dedicated energy crops and their advantage in a consolidated bioprocessing system.

  9. New measurement of the d(d,p)t reaction at astrophysical energies via the Trojan-horse method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chengbo Li; Qungang Wen; Yuanyong Fu; Jing Zhou; Shuhua Zhou; Qiuying Meng; C. Spitaleri; A. Tumino; R. G. Pizzone; L. Lamia

    2015-05-27

    The study of d(d,p)t reaction is very important for the nucleosynthesis in both standard Big Bang and stellar evolution, as well as for the future fusion reactors planning of energy production. The d(d,p)t bare nucleus astrophysical S(E) factor has been measured indirectly at energies from about 400 keV down to several keV by means of the Trojan horse method applied to the quasi-free process $\\rm {}^2H({}^6Li,pt){}^4He$ induced at a lithium beam energy of 9.5 MeV, which is closer to the zero quasi-free energy point. An accurate analysis leads to the determination of the $\\rm S_{bare}(0)=56.7 \\pm 2.0 keV \\cdot b$ and of the corresponding electron screening potential $\\rm U_e = 13.2 \\pm 4.3 eV$. In addition, this work gives an updated test for the Trojan horse nucleus invariance comparing with previous indirect investigations using $\\rm {}^3He=(d+p)$ breakup.

  10. Astrophysical S(E) factor of the (15)N(p, alpha)(12)C reaction at sub-Coulomb energies via the Trojan horse method 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    La Cognata, M.; Romano, S.; Spitaleri, C.; Cherubini, S.; Crucilla, V.; Gulino, M.; Lamia, L.; Pizzone, R. G.; Tumino, A.; Tribble, Robert E.; Fu, Changbo; Goldberg, V. Z.; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Schmidt, D.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Irgaziev, B. F.

    2007-01-01

    The low-energy bare-nucleus cross section for (15)N(p, alpha)(12)C is extracted by means of the Trojan horse method applied to the (2)H((15)N,alpha(12)C)n reaction at E(beam) = 60 MeV. For the first time we applied the ...

  11. Study of the {sup 17}O(n,?){sup 14}C reaction: Extension of the Trojan Horse Method to neutron induced reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guardo, G. L.; Lamia, L.; Spitaleri, C.; Cherubini, S.; Rapisarda, G. G.; Sergi, M. L. [INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania, Italy and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Catania, Catania (Italy); Gulino, M. [INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania, Italy and University of Enna (Italy); Tang, X. D.; Bucher, B.; Couder, M.; Davies, P.; Boer, R. de; Fang, X.; Lamm, L.; Ma, C.; Notani, M.; OBrien, S.; Roberson, D.; Tan, W.; Wiescher, M. [Department of Physics and Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); and others

    2014-05-02

    The experimental study of the {sup 17}O(n,?){sup 14}C reaction has been performed in the energy range 0-350 keV. This reaction could play an important role in explaining heavy elements (s-process) nucleosynthesis in various astrophysical scenario. To overcome the practical problems arising from the neutrons production, a new application of the Trojan Horse Method has been recently suggested. In more details, the {sup 17}O(n,?){sup 14}C reaction has been studied using the quasi-free {sup 2}H({sup 17}O,?{sup 14}C){sup 1}H reaction, induced at an energy of 43.5 MeV. The measurement allows one to investigate the ?=3, 75 keV resonance (E*=8.125 MeV, J{sup ?}=5{sup ?}), absent in the available direct measurements because of centrifugal suppression effects.

  12. Horse Barn - 3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2009-01-01

    . THE AGT 1500 TURBINE ENGINE......... 23 CHAPTER 4. RELATED SYSTEMS........................ 2 9 Air Cleaner..................................... 29 'Fuel Control................................... 34 Fuel Filters................................... 36..., was the fact that if the development program was not successful, the tank would not go to production, and the production contract was the prize. The recent failure of the MBT 70 tank program underscored that possibility. The objectives of FSED were to prove...

  13. Men Riding Horses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    the inequalities engendered within the hacienda system of production. The research conducted at Hacienda Tabi has illuminated the changes associated with Yucatan�s articulation into the greater world system....

  14. Horse Pastures For Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorsett, Donald J.; Householder, D. Douglas

    1986-01-01

    . The more common legumes used in Texas pastures are white clover, Yuchi arrowleaf clover, Mt. Barker sub terranean clover, Crimson clover, vetch and the sweet clovers. Button and burr clovers proliferate over much of the state as naturalized natives.... Alfalfa can be useful as a pasture, but its primary use in Texas is as a hay crop. Efforts are being made to develop a new variety of red clover, a warm-season clover, that could be grown in Texas. LAND PREPARATION AND PLANTING Establishing permanent...

  15. A Dynamic Hysteresis Model for THUNDER Transducers Brian L. Ball 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the piezoceramic patch. A free energy based hysteretic stress-strain relation is employed to model hysteresis inherent to the PZT. A finite element method and Crank-Nicholson scheme are developed to discretize of numerical methods is also addressed and the accuracy of the resulting finite dimensional models

  16. Fuel Cell Transit Buses: ThunderPower Bus Evaluation at SunLine Transit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015ExecutiveFluorescentDanKathy LoftusFuel CellFuel CellMaterials

  17. First application of the Trojan Horse Method with a Radioactive Ion Beam: study of the $^{18}$F($p,?$)$^{15}$O}} reaction at astrophysical energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Cherubini; M. Gulino; C. Spitaleri; G. G. Rapisarda; M. La Cognata; L. Lamia; R. G. Pizzone; S. Romano; S. Kubono; H. Yamaguchi; S. Hayakawa; Y. Wakabayashi; N. Iwasa; S. Kato; T. Komatsubara; T. Teranishi; A. Coc; N. de Séréville; F. Hammache; G. Kiss; S. Bishop; D. N. Binh

    2015-05-04

    Measurement of nuclear cross sections at astrophysical energies involving unstable species is one of the most challenging tasks in experimental nuclear physics. The use of indirect methods is often unavoidable in this scenario. In this paper the Trojan Horse Method is applied for the first time to a radioactive ion beam induced reaction studying the $^{18}$F($p,{\\alpha}$)$^{15}$O process at low energies relevant to astrophysics via the three body reaction $^{2}$H($^{18}$F,${\\alpha}^{15}$O)n. The knowledge of the $^{18}$F($p, {\\alpha}$)$^{15}$O reaction rate is crucial to understand the nova explosion phenomena. The cross section of this reaction is characterized by the presence of several resonances in $^{19}$Ne and possibly interference effects among them. The results reported in Literature are not satisfactory and new investigations of the $^{18}$F($p,{\\alpha}$)$^{15}$O reaction cross section will be useful. In the present work the spin-parity assignments of relevant levels have been discussed and the astrophysical S-factor has been extracted considering also interference effects

  18. A Dynamic Hysteresis Model for THUNDER Transducers Brian L. Ball 1 , Ralph C. Smith 2 and Zoubeida Ounaies 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the piezoceramic patch. A free energy based hysteretic stress­strain relation is employed to model hysteresis inherent to the PZT. A finite element method and Crank­Nicholson scheme are developed to discretize of numerical methods is also addressed and the accuracy of the resulting finite dimensional models

  19. Case Files of the California Poison Control System, San Francisco Division: Blue Thunder Ingestion: Methanol, Nitromethane, and Elevated Creatinine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngo, Adeline Su-Yin; Rowley, Freda; Olson, Kent R.

    2010-01-01

    Files of the California Poison Control System, San FranciscoK. R. Olson California Poison Control System, San Franciscoreported to the Drug and Poison Information Center in Izmir,

  20. Title: Satellite Streetview: Ontario Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (2009), Greater Sudbury, Thunder Bay (2012), Toronto (2009), GTA (2005), Windsor-Detroit (2005, 2008 Ste. Marie; St. Catherines; Greater Sudbury; Thunder Bay; Toronto; GTA; Windsor; Detroit; Keywords

  1. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Crazy Horse Landfill Site in Salinas, California. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoltenberg, B.; Konz, C.; Mosey, G.

    2013-03-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Crazy Horse Landfill site in Salinas, California, for a feasibility study of renewable energy production. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) was contacted to provide technical assistance for this project. The purpose of this report is to assess the site for a possible photovoltaic (PV) system installation and estimate the cost, performance, operation and maintenance requirements, and site impacts of different PV options. In addition, the report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of a PV system at the site.

  2. West Nile Encephalitis in Humans and Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawhorn, D. Bruce

    2000-08-25

    and Control in Humans Following these seven steps will help reduce risk and exposure to any diseases, including WNV, that are transmitted by mosquitoes. 1. Stay indoors at dawn, dusk and early evening. 2. Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants when- ever you... during peak periods of mosquito activity (dusk through dawn). 2. Avoid turning on the lights in the barn during the evening and overnight, unless needed. 3. Because birds may serve as hosts of the virus, remove as many birds (chickens, pigeons, etc...

  3. Genomic analysis of the horse Y chromosome 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santani, Avni Bhawan

    2005-02-17

    Stallion fertility is of significant economic importance in the multibillion dollar equine industry. Presently, the underlying genetic causes of infertility in stallions are unknown. Analysis of the human genome has shown that in more than 25...

  4. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tube bulkheads, intake gates and intake bulkheads is to completely dewater a turbine generator unit. The gates and bulkheads may be used for planned or scheduled maintenance,...

  5. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Powerhouse 1 Main Unit Breakers and Station Service Replacement This proposed investment addresses issues with two groups of equipment in Powerhouse 1 at Bonneville: * Main unit...

  6. Manhattan Project: Picking Horses, November 1942

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journalspectroscopy ofArticle)SciTechNorris Bradbury,Cubes of uraniumY-12General Leslie

  7. Trojan Horse Project - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.WeekProducts[TRI-PARTYInnovation Portal

  8. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtl anta,GraduateTimePowerhouse 1

  9. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtl anta,GraduateTimePowerhouse

  10. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtl anta,GraduateTimePowerhouseG22 -

  11. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtl anta,GraduateTimePowerhouseG22

  12. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtl

  13. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtlDay Draft Tube Bulkheads and

  14. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtlDay Draft Tube Bulkheads

  15. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtlDay Draft Tube BulkheadsValley

  16. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtlDay Draft Tube

  17. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtlDay Draft TubeSpare Transformers

  18. Grand Coulee & Hungry Horse SCADA Replacement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journalvivo Low-Dose Low LETUsefulJorgeAtlDay Draft TubeSpare

  19. Lightning -"When thunder roars..." Nearly 400 people in the United States are struck by lightning each year. On average, 60 people will

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    may be injured if lightning strikes your car, you are much safer inside a vehicle than outside equipment, do so well before the storm arrives. Avoid contact with plumbing. Do not wash your hands, do not take a shower, do not wash dishes, and do not do laundry. Stay away from windows and doors, and stay

  20. Cross-linguistic studies of lexical access and processing in monolingual English and bilingual Hind?-English speakers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Gowri Krovi

    2006-01-01

    tiger letter/papers lightbulb lightning/thunder switch lionleaf leopard/cheetah lightbulb lion lips lipstick lock log

  1. EA-1603: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Expansion of Permitted Land and Operations at the 9940 Complex and Thunder Range at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico

  2. DarkHorse a Proposed Peta(FL)OP Architecture

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding Low-Cost2 DOE HQSiteo nspectroscopic resultsDarkDark24/05

  3. Conflict at Monterey: Indian Horse Raiding, 1820-1850

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broadbent, Sylvia M.

    1974-01-01

    writers of the period as Tulare Indians. This term probablyfrom the direction of the Tulare valley. They may have beenwas on the periphery of Tulare attacks and probably never

  4. Rider Energy Expenditure during High Intensity Horse Activity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Reilly, Colleen L

    2015-04-29

    (DDR) to determine if playing DDR for 30 min a day could meet minimum exercise requirements. Experienced DDR players as well as inexperienced DDR players were observed to determine if they could meet energy expenditure requirements. This study..., in contradiction with the Nintendo Wii study found that experienced DDR players exhibited exercise of a moderate intensity with mean HR of 161.2 beats per min (bpm) and mean VO2 of 25.2mL·kg -1·min-1 and expended more than 150 kcal in the 30 min exercise which...

  5. EXOTICPEST ALERT Horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria ohridella Desch. & Dem.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    trees, Aesculus hippocastanum, in the London Borough of Wimbledon in July 2002. Signs of adult moth transportation, particularly of infested leaves accidentally carried on vehicles. Recognising the Symptoms

  6. A study of Streptococcus equi in the horse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evers, Warren Dean

    1966-01-01

    , parapharyngeal lymph node swelling, purulent nasal and ocular discharge, and cough were conducted. Following inoculation, these examinations were continued daily until the conclusion of the investi- gation. On the third and ninth day prior to inoculation a... enlarged after a decrease in size of the mandibular nodes. This may explain persistence of symptoms in the course of recuperation when swellings cannot be found externally. Ocular and nasal purulent discharges and cough were variable signs...

  7. Teaching SQL - Which Pedagogical Horse for this Course?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renaud, K.V.

    Renaud,K.V. Van Biljon,J. Proceedings 21st British National Conference on Databases, BNCOD. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Vol 3112

  8. Muscle glycogen utilization and exercise performance in horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldham, Shannon Lee

    1990-01-01

    , and throughout recovery from the ET. Muscle samples were analyzed for glycogen using both amyloglucosidase and phosphorylase a. An unsuccessful attempt was made to study the muscle samples by electron microscopy. Blood samples were analyzed for lactate... diet. The post-ET glycogen was similar after all three dietary regimens. In experiment 1 there were no dietary effects on blood lactate or glucose concentrations at any one time during the ET. However, the mean lactate concentration during the ET...

  9. Cottonseed Meal in Rations of Horses and Mules. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, R. H.; Jones, J. M. (John McKinley); Jones, John H.

    1934-01-01

    . Scoates, A. E, Agricultural Engineins W. R. Horlacher. Ph. D.. Genetics A. K. Mackey, M. S., Animal Husbandry J. H. Knox, M. S., Animal Husbandry R. G. Reeves, Ph. D.. Biology A. L. Darnell, M. A.. Dairy Huebandw - *Dean. School of Veterinary Medicine...

  10. On the origin and spread of horse domestication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warmuth, Vera

    2012-04-10

    BP, and the Central Zagros Mountains between 9900 and 9500 cal BP (Zeder & Hesse 2000). Further support for a domestication origin of goats in Eastern Anatolia comes from the high prevalence of a certain mtDNA haplogroup (haplogroup A) in wild... domestication in the Central Zagros Mountains, Naderi et al. (2008) found a genetic signal of a population expansion in bezoar of the C haplogroup, which likely originated in the region comprising the Southern Zagros Mountains and the Central Iranian Plateau...

  11. Investigating the ?Trojan Horse? Mechanism of Yersinia pestis Virulence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCutchen-Maloney, S L; Fitch, J P

    2005-02-08

    Yersinia pestis, the etiological agent of plague, is a Gram-negative, highly communicable, enteric bacterium that has been responsible for three historic plague pandemics. Currently, several thousand cases of plague are reported worldwide annually, and Y. pestis remains a considerable threat from a biodefense perspective. Y. pestis infection can manifest in three forms: bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic plague. Of these three forms, pneumonic plague has the highest fatality rate ({approx}100% if left untreated), the shortest intervention time ({approx}24 hours), and is highly contagious. Currently, there are no rapid, widely available vaccines for plague and though plague may be treated with antibiotics, the emergence of both naturally occurring and potentially engineered antibiotic resistant strains makes the search for more effective therapies and vaccines for plague of pressing concern. The virulence mechanism of this deadly bacterium involves induction of a Type III secretion system, a syringe-like apparatus that facilitates the injection of virulence factors, termed Yersinia outer membrane proteins (Yops), into the host cell. These virulence factors inhibit phagocytosis and cytokine secretion, and trigger apoptosis of the host cell. Y. pestis virulence factors and the Type III secretion system are induced thermally, when the bacterium enters the mammalian host from the flea vector, and through host cell contact (or conditions of low Ca{sup 2+} in vitro). Apart from the temperature increase from 26 C to 37 C and host cell contact (or low Ca{sup 2+} conditions), other molecular mechanisms that influence virulence induction in Y. pestis are largely uncharacterized. This project focused on characterizing two novel mechanisms that regulate virulence factor induction in Y. pestis, immunoglobulin G (IgG) binding and quorum sensing, using a real-time reporter system to monitor induction of virulence. Incorporating a better understanding of the mechanisms of virulence and pathogenicity into detection systems, may allow us to anticipate both natural and engineered evolution of infectious diseases while laying the foundation for next-generation detection of biothreat agents.

  12. Mineral balance in juvenile horses in race training 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Tonya Leigh

    2002-01-01

    absorption. At d 64, Ca absorption and Ca retention were not maximized at Ca intake of 160 mg/kg/d. At d 128, calcium absorption was maximal at a daily intake of 124.2 mg/kg/d and retention was maximal at a daily intake of 122.7 mg/kg/d. These are 38...

  13. Studies on the amino acid requirements of horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Word, James Dewey

    1968-01-01

    in nzking digestib 1 il messur. . ? nw nts . R conf & y new ts ci;nf u. . ", hav ' b:r c ", s; ec . Ror creme] 4 inh L?!ii 1 iiy a iu grain portions of rice !io se rarrio i inl'o a si ngl? nc . "lr r wo?1r! hrilp assurri mrore occurs! e cn& n&tg 1.... l her cxLI Bc? was Itn&i i'i r: gr!8 1 &lc lr& tlir';c. '1 . ?Lid I'ac& c&il, Ti'ie i:a L . or I. 's, . ' v i appal \\ i&'L!)' 1 a, Le + '&r ! !ie p !! .teri rati n, bu' rate of. 6 in s:iri ef f icieiir y of fe c utiliza- Lier& were r&nt sf ic ted...

  14. Wild Horse II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,WhatUtilityRateNamingHelper Jump to:Wilberforce,BrushII

  15. Wild Horse Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,WhatUtilityRateNamingHelper Jump

  16. Cart or Horse: Transport and Economic Growth | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,Cammack Village, Arkansas:FundMichigan: Energy ResourcesCarson,

  17. Antibacterial activity of northern Ontario medicinal plant extracts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Wensheng

    Antibacterial activity of northern Ontario medicinal plant extracts Haider M. Hassan1 , Zi University, 955 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada P7B 5E1; and 2 Department of Chemistry, Lakehead University, 955 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, Ontario Canada P7B 5E1. Received 7 August 2013, accepted 19

  18. We Are the Horses: Identity Work in the Southeastern Missouri Ozarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish-Greenlee, Kelly K.

    2009-02-26

    In the face of extreme conditions such as a natural disaster, social upheaval and forced relocation, how do populations maintain cultural continuity with identity and tradition? This dissertation considers a specific ...

  19. A pedigree study of Arabian horses in the United States of America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazder, P. J

    1952-01-01

    Animals. Diagram Showing Interrelationship Between the Jellabiet Feysul Female Line and the 14ale Lines of Saklavi I and Jamil El Kebir. Interrelationships of Important Stallions of the Zobeyni Hale Linea " RUTl. ". 8. &52. an inixed sta3. lion...

  20. If you have been following the "One horse or one hundred" series closely, you may have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decided that composting is the answer to many of your manure management problems. You may now be asking, "How do I do that?" The objective of this article is to look at several methods of composting from a "how-to" per- spective so that you can begin your composting project. Composting does not have

  1. Influence of Methionine on Growth and Nitrogen Balance in Weanling Quarter Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winsco, Kelly Nicole

    2011-02-22

    twice daily at 1.5% BW (as fed). Weanlings were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments: basal (0.20 MET), basal + 0.03% methionine (0.23 MET), basal + 0.07% methionine (0.27 MET), and basal + 0.11% methionine (0.31 MET). Diets were formulated....002) effects. An unexpected peak in PUN was observed with 0.27 MET. Upon analysis, 0.20 MET contained more lysine than formulated, and 0.27 MET contained the least lysine. Treatments 0.20 MET and 0.31 MET contained more threonine compared to formulations...

  2. Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of near-surface thermal outflow in this blind geothermal system. And at Columbus Salt Marsh, Nevada, additional 2m measurements better defined the shape of a blind, shallow...

  3. The Effect of Graded Levels of Dietary Starch on Cecal Environment in Horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Kristen L.

    2010-07-14

    H. Samples were used to count total anaerobic bacteria and lactic acid bacteria, as well as determine methane activity, ammonia activity, volatile fatty acids, and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD). Stoichiometric calculations were performed to give...

  4. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of the Arabian Horse Populations from Syria and other Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khanshour, Anas M

    2013-07-05

    as c testing usi lites analys enetic analy segments e 2 shows ified fragm ample of S are th tes s). the ng is, sis of an ent TR gen res Fig hom wit sou mic alle otyping in pectively. ure 3: An il ozygous...

  5. Body composition and nutrient metabolism in juvenile athletic horses treated with exogenous equine somatotropin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutfin, Jonathan Arthur

    2000-01-01

    . They were fed a balanced diet that met or exceeded NRC (1989) nutrient requirements for long-yearlings in training. Treatment with eST elevated plasma IGF-I concentrations by d 14 of treatment, which remained elevated until the end of the treatment period...

  6. Courtesy of the M iami Seaquarium Male (left) and female (right) s ea horses (Hippocampus hudsonius)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , it matures and reproduces when about 1 inch lo~. The largest species, !!. ingens, occurs on the coast ot

  7. Interstitial fluid pressure within the coronary dermis of the horse with chronic laminitis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olivier, Ann

    1987-01-01

    ) measurements measurements 50-80 28 1. 57 2. 82 8. 29 40 2. 80 3. 33 14. 51 150-180 53 5. 25 5. 64 16. 87 52 4. 78 4. 82 20. 03 HEEL POSITION OF CATHETER LEFT FOREFOOT IFP RIGHT FOREFOOT IFP Mass Number of Mean S. D. Range Number of Mean S. D. Range (kg...) measurements measurements 50-80 150-180 28 3. 44 6. 91 20. 61 40 1. 82 5. 09 19 ' 79 53 -0. 98 9. 27 58. 34 52 3. 59 4. 71 15. 52 Data are expressed in mm Hg, S. D. = Standard deviation. No significant difference between data (p&0. 05). Table 7. Mean...

  8. Discovery of Candidate Genes for Stallion Fertility from the Horse Y Chromosome 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paria, Nandina

    2012-02-14

    of selected body tissues showed that some ECAY genes are expressed exclusively in testes while others show ubiquitous or intermediate expression. Quantitative Real-Time PCR using primers for 9 testis-specific multicopy genes revealed 5 genes with statistically...

  9. Integrated high-resolution physical and comparative gene maps in horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmeyer Langford, Candice Lea

    2007-04-25

    of primer design and genotyping; Drs. Alejandro Schäffer and Richa Agarwala kindly demonstrated their processes for me and have done great work in generating the radiation hybrid maps, as did Glenda Goh and vii Srinivas Kata. Also, those members of my...................................................................................................126 xiv LIST OF TABLES Page Table 5-1. Overgo primers used to identify BAC clones containing selected genes........ 72 Table 5-2. PCR primers designed from STSs for STS content mapping and chromosome walking...

  10. Molecular Studies in Horses with SRY-Positive XY Sex Reversal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Erica

    2012-02-14

    .......................................................... 14 Chromosome Preparations and Karyotyping ................................................ 16 Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) with SRY Primers .................................. 17 Sequencing... ............................................... 7 2 DNA sequence of SRY exon, and PCR primers ......................................... 20 3 Primers designed around the ECA29 deletion site to define the breakpoints...

  11. Physiological responses of reining horses to interval training versus conventional training procedures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haney, Elizabeth anne

    1998-01-01

    approaching fatigue on d 2 and 5. On interval work days, 'ton-board'' heart rate monitors were used to record heart rates through a series of anaerobic maneuver repetitions with 1 min of recovery in between repetitions. When peak and recovery heart rates...

  12. Encoding the Object Position for Assessment of Short Term Spatial Memory in Horses (Equus caballus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baragli, Paolo; Vitale, Valentina; Paoletti, Elisa; Mengoli, Manuel; Sighieri, Claudio

    2011-01-01

    species (Baragli, Paoletti, Vitale, & Sighieri, 2011; Fiset,Baragli, P. , Paoletti, E. , Vitale, V. , & Sighieri, C. (Baragli, P. , Paoletti, E. , Vitale, V. , Sighieri, C. , &

  13. Horse Creek Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNew Jersey:Hopkinsville, Kentucky: EnergyWindHorry County,Open

  14. Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse Wells,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:Pontiac Biomass FacilityBluegrass RidgeBonneville

  15. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 18 au 24 fvrier 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    posed by 3D printing of gun parts. Business Food safety - After the horse has been bolted : Horse meat

  16. Preprint of a paper which appeared in the proceedings of "RoboCup International Symposium 2008" (Suzhou, China, July 15-18 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryk, Oskar von

    , who tries to grab and shoot the ball while being attacked by opponent players. Usually, this leads to a thunderstorm by counting the seconds between lightning and thunder. Note, that the frequencies used in our

  17. Urban Aerosol Impacts on Downwind Convective Storms SUSAN C. VAN DEN HEEVER AND WILLIAM R. COTTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    an increasing thunder- storm frequency associated with increased population growth within these cities (Balling and Brazel 1987; Jaurequi and Romales 1996). Urban regions have also been observed to enhance lightning

  18. VERY LOW FREQUENCY RADIO SIGNATURES OF TRANSIENT LUMINOUS EVENTS ABOVE THUNDERSTORMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VERY LOW FREQUENCY RADIO SIGNATURES OF TRANSIENT LUMINOUS EVENTS ABOVE THUNDERSTORMS A DISSERTATION and acoustic energy, in the form of lightning and thunder, respectively, but a large amount of energy

  19. FINAL DRAFT 2011 March NNSA NEWS 2011.pmd

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    thank you to the people working hard to support emergency response efforts in Japan. Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) MedKnight Thunder, the 89th and latest in the...

  20. 2011 March NNSA News Viewable.pmd

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    thank you to the people working hard to support emergency response efforts in Japan. Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) MedKnight Thunder, the 89th and latest in the...

  1. Patterson: Noncompliance Determination (2011-SW-2911)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Dan Patterson finding that the "ThunderHead" showerhead basic model manufactured by ET Industries, Inc. and imported by Dan Patterson does not comport with the water conservation standards.

  2. Use of the Hebb-Williams closed-field maze to determine learning ability in yearling horses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCall, Cynthia Ann

    1979-01-01

    learning parameters were calculated: (1) total excess entry scores (TExES), (2) rapi dity of learning score (XR), the percent of total excess entries occurring during the first four trials of each problem; (3) error elimination score (EES...), the difference between excess entries made on the first four and last four trials expressed as a percent of TExES: (4) visual ability score (XP), the percent of the TExES that occurred on problems with a direct visual solution. The mean TExES was fairly high...

  3. Effect of Omega 3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFAs) on Markers of Inflammation in Young Horses in Training 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucia, Jessica Lauren

    2011-02-22

    was obtained from right radial carpal joint by arthrocentesis every 28 d and was analyzed for white blood cell count (WBC), total protein (TP), and specific gravity (SG). Serum concentrations of carboxypeptide type II collagen (CPII) and chondroitin sulfate 846...

  4. Yoking Three Horses (or Forces) to Change the World: Agenda for the Science and Spirit Work Group of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Stanley

    immediate issues that fill newspapers. Consider, for example, the topics of sustainable energy, population growth and terrorism. Our great-grandchildren may have a hard time forgiving us for the environmental of conservation and renewable energy. Terrorism may pose an equally great threat to our great-grandchildren unless

  5. CAMBRIDGE, U.K., AND BARCELONA, SPAIN--As the horse-trading to select a site for the Inter-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . In Cadarache's favor, the research center, run by France's Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), is home VOL 301 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org1456 Bowing to mounting criticism, the Depart- ment of Energy (DOE this year, McSlarrow told the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on 4 Septem- ber. One factor

  6. Absorption of intradermally injected horse gamma globulin, a foreign protein, in rabbits following whole body gamma irradiation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pryor, William Harold

    1965-01-01

    for Each Irradiation Group Plotted 33 Against Postinjection Sample Time 34 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A treatment problem associated with exposure to ionizing radiation may be reduced localization of bacteria. Minor infected skin wounds could frequently... of an animal to localize foreign protein. Further it was hypothesized that localization would be indirectly related to the total dose of irradiation. Data from the group exposed to 200 R, only at the 24 hours postinjection sample time, support...

  7. APHIS Plant Pathogens, HHS Select Infectious Agents, and USDA High Consequence Livestock Pathogens or Toxins 1. African horse sickness virus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Mycoplasma capricolum / M. F38 / M. mycoides capri (contagious caprine pleuropneumonia agent) u 14. Mycoplasma mycoides mycoides (contagious bovine pleuropneumonia agent) u 15. Ralstonia solanacearum race 3

  8. Scanning Electron Microscopy of the Microcotyledonary Placenta of the Horse (Equus caballus) in the Latter Half of Gestation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macdonald, Alastair A; Chavatte, P; Fowden, A L

    2000-01-01

    Scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the microstructure of the maternal and fetal placenta from 25 pregnant ponies (Equus caballus) throughout the second half of gestation. Samples of placenta, 2–6 cm2in area, ...

  9. Evaluation of Conjugated Linoleic Acid Supplementation on Markers of Joint Inflammation and Cartilage Metabolism in Young Horses Challenged with Lipopolysaccharide 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradbery, Amanda Nicole

    2014-12-05

    demineralization (McIlwraith, 1996). The enhancement of pain perception is a suggested correlation with substance P, which is a neurotransmitter present in the joint capsule (Kirker-Head et al., 2000). 16 Prolonged or repeated exposure to inflammatory... suggested that the eicosanoid, PGE2 that is also associated with synovitis, can cause bone demineralization (Raisz, 1995; Schlueter and Orth, 2004). It is likely that inhibiting bone resorption will also inhibit prostaglandin release during OA (Kawaguchi...

  10. Transport and Non-Invasive Position Detection of Electron Beams from Laser-Plasma Accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    transport with miniature permanent quadrupole magnets from the electron source through our THUNDER undulator-beam transport, laser-plasma acceleration, permanent magnet quadrupole, beam-position monitor PACS: 52.38.Kd, 41. Traditionally, in conventional radio-frequency accelerator facilities these magnetic fields are generated

  11. Daniel J. Epstein Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    Thunder race car. Prof. Settles hopes the car, which his team has fielded as a systems architectingDaniel J. Epstein Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering University of Southern California Engineering Leaders--The most successful engineering professionals rely on a combination of technical depth

  12. Advanced liquefaction using coal swelling and catalyst dispersion techniques. Volume 2, appendices. Final technical report, October 1, 1991--September 30, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis, C.W. [Auburn Univ., AL (United States); Chander, S. [Pennsylvania State Univ., College Park, PA (United States); Gutterman, C.

    1995-04-01

    Liquefaction experiments were undertaken using subbituminous Black Thunder mine coal to observe the effects of aqueous SO{sub 2} coal beneficiation and the introduction of various coal swelling solvents and catalyst precursors. Aqueous SO{sub 2} beneficiation of Black Thunder coal removed alkali metals and alkaline earth metals, increased the sulfur content and increased the catalytic liquefaction conversion to THF solubles compared to untreated Black Thunder coal. The liquefaction solvent had varying effects on coal conversion, depending upon the type of solvent added. The hydrogen donor solvent, dihydroanthracene, was most effective, while a coal-derived Wilsonville solvent promoted more coal conversion than did relatively inert 1-methylnaphthalene. Swelling of coal with hydrogen bonding solvents tetrahydrofuran (THF), isopropanol, and methanol, prior to reaction resulted in increased noncatalytic conversion of both untreated and SO{sub 2} treated Black Thunder coals, while dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), which was absorbed more into the coal than any other swelling solvent, was detrimental to coal conversion. Swelling of SO{sub 2} treated coal before liquefaction resulted in the highest coal conversions; however, the untreated coal showed the most improvements in catalytic reactions when swelled in either THF, isopropanol, or methanol prior to liquefaction. The aprotic solvent DMSO was detrimental to coal conversion.

  13. Anthropology Graduate Degree Program Page 1 of 2 Last Updated 09/18/13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cosmides, Leda

    State University Modesto Junior College New Mexico State University, Las Cruces Northern Arizona University The Hebrew University of Jerusalem The New Media Studio The Story Coach/Wind & Thunder Productions Vegas University of New Mexico University of North Carolina University of Oregon University of San

  14. ANALYSIS OF MINING EXPLOSION PERFORMANCE WITH MULTIPLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stump, Brian W.

    ANALYSIS OF MINING EXPLOSION PERFORMANCE WITH MULTIPLE SENSOR DATA AND PHYSICAL MODELS Brian W Martin Thunder Basin Coal Company Wright, Wyoming #12;Analysis of Mining Explosion Performance 2 1 to Different Types of Mining Explosions · Single Shot · Cast Blast · Coal Fragmentation #12;Analysis of Mining

  15. CURRICULUM VITA Cornelis Folkert de Hoop May 22, 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    systems. SUMMARY OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS * Research in worker safety, biomass energy and environmental lobbyists. * Marketed timber under competitive bids. * Overall coordination of data processing-1976 Abitibi Paper Co., Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. 1974-1975 US Forest Service, London, KY. #12;COURSES

  16. Review: Northern Ontario medicinal plants Haider M. Hassan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Wensheng

    Review: Northern Ontario medicinal plants Haider M. Hassan1 , Zi-Hua Jiang2 , Tarannum A. Syed3 Bay, Ontario, Canada P7B 5E1; 2 Department of Chemistry, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada P7B 5E1; and 3 Department of Biology, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Dr., Peterborough, Ontario

  17. New constraints on the Slate Islands impact structure, Ontario, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrick, Robert R.

    New constraints on the Slate Islands impact structure, Ontario, Canada Virgil L. Sharpton Lunar Bernie Schnieders Ontario Geological Survey, 435 South James Street, Thunder Bay, Ontario, P7E 6E3 km south of Terrace Bay, Ontario (Fig. 1). Numerous shatter cones (observed first by R. Sage during

  18. MODEL DEVELOPMENT FOR THIN BEAMS Ralph C. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University #12;APPLICATIONS (c) (d) PVDF (b) Polyimide (a) Note: (a) Thin beam with surface-mounted PZT and polyimide presently considered for pressure sensing and flow control. (c) Curved THUNDER transducer whose shutter. #12;FORCE AND MOMENT BALANCING +x (x)M +x( )M x x + x x+xQ( )Q(x) x Polyimide PVDF xx w f w f

  19. THE CHARACTERIZATION OF SEISMIC AND INFRASOUND SIGNALS FROM MINING EXPLOSIONS a) Explosion Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stump, Brian W.

    are illustrated below. Type 1 - Coal overburden casting (Black Thunder) where explosions are designed to expose coal. Type 2 - Rock fragmentation for copper recovery (Morenci) where explosions are designed to break Carlsbad Seismic ~ 20 km #1 #2 #3 infrasound infrasound infrasound seismic UNUSUAL EVENTS TYPES OF MINING

  20. Louisiana Forest Products Lab 1 Accidents in the Primary &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louisiana Forest Products Lab 1 Accidents in the Primary & Secondary Forest Products Industry Center #12;Louisiana Forest Products Lab 2 Abitibi Paper Co. Camp 40 Thunder Bay, Ontario #12;Louisiana Forest Products Lab 3 Accidents in Forest Products Industry Accident Statistics Primary industry

  1. Lightning Safety for You and Your Family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    information on weather-related deaths to learn how to prevent these tragedies. Many lightning victims say after you hear the last thunder clap. Finally, some victims were struck inside homes or buildings while disabilities. While a small percentage of lightning strike victims die, many survivors must learn to live

  2. 05/29/2007 09:55 AMScientist hopes Oregon will catch the wave Page 1 of 6http://www.dailyastorian.info/main.asp?SectionID=2&SubSectionID=398&ArticleID=42662&TM=33888.27

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    swimmer, the Oregon State University professor described advances in renewable energy development and what in the U.S. The unprecedented project would give a substantial boost to the country's renewable energy in developing renewable wave power. Thanks to the coast's thunderous waves, OSU's advanced resources and support

  3. The search for Titan lightning radio emissions G. Fischer1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurnett, Donald A.

    the existence of Titan lightning were found. Great care is needed in the interpretation of bursty signals since al. [2006] found no thunder clap recorded by the acoustic sensor and reported the observation of an electric signal at 36 Hz throughout the descent. However, it could not be confirmed if this emission

  4. Selective DF Relaying in Multi-Relay Networks With Different Modulation Levels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    , Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Department of Electrical Engineering, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada E-mail: {husokun, akram, halim}@sce.carleton.ca, sikki@lakeheadu.ca Abstract--Despite the rich literature on cooperative networks, employment of different modulation levels by the source

  5. CHAPTER 6: HOUSING AND FENCING Shelter for most 4-H horses should provide protection from hot sun, wind or stormy weather. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    be kept clean. Listed below are some standard dimensions. Your stable or shelter may not fit the listed should have access to clean water at all times, either automatic waterers or buckets. Hang water buckets Height 8' minimum Doors 4' wide x 8' high Hay Manger 28" sides, 38" high top edge Grain Box 24" to 30

  6. The role of observer individual differences in personality assessments of the domesticated horse: A novel application of Kelly’s Repertory Grid Technique 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grajfoner, Daša

    2007-01-01

    Consistent personality differences (e.g. shyness, sociability) among animals have been frequently reported by scientists. Such information used to be considered unscientific, even though it was widely used to describe ...

  7. Why is There a Naked Girl on a Horse at the Entrance to Low Rotunda? Draft for CCT Winter 2014-2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Liang

    name, Athena, is carved in her right torso as a sort of Classical crib" that she is actually a copy of a bust of Minerva, a Roman re- envisioning of Athena who was worshiped throughout the vast Roman Empire. That makes sense

  8. Quantitative determination of proximal radial and ulnar growth rates in foals using orthopedic markers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Barbara Lynn

    1988-01-01

    and ulna. Horse 6 both limbs 29 10 Cumulative growth of proximal radius and ulna. All horses all limbs 31 FIGURE page Cumulative growth of proximal radius and ulna. All horses left limbs 34 12 Cumulative growth of proximal radius and ulna. All horses... 27 Cumulati ve growth of radius and ulna at epiphyseal and meta- physeal levels. All horses left limbs 70 28 Cumulative growth between radius and ulna at epiphyseal and meta- physeal levels. All horses right limbs 72 29 Immediate postop...

  9. Bone density and geometry in juvenile racehorses fed differing amounts of minerals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nolan, Meghan Muire

    2002-01-01

    This study was conducted to further elucidate the mineral requirements of the juvenile horse in training. Horses were fed rations containing differing amounts of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium and in reference to mineral intake, groups were...

  10. Development and Characterization of an In-Vitro Tissue Culture Model for Equine Laminitis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Margarete

    2014-07-25

    Equine laminitis, a disease affecting the laminar tissue in the hoof, is a common and debilitating disease in horses with a significant impact on the equine industry. Currently nearly all laminitis studies are conducted in live horses, a process...

  11. Combination Anthelmintics to Control Gastrointestinal Neamatodes in Foals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luksovsky, Joe

    2012-02-14

    at the Texas A&M Horse Center. The foals were reared under standard horse center practices and were naturally infected with both cyathostomes and Parascaris. The foals were randomized into three treatment groups with individuals being rerandomized after each...

  12. Review: Transportation in a Climate-Constrained World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laberge, Yves

    2010-01-01

    light or concise, for example when they use the horse carriage metaphor in order to explain today's emissions and pollution

  13. GridQTL: HIGH PERFORMANCE QTL ANALYSIS VIA THE GRID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obbard, Darren

    , a hereditary chronic respiratory disease that causes wheezing and coughing in horses world-wide. The condition

  14. Pushing lots of air isn't enough. It has to be done at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Pak Kin

    , the movie-car maker has built the MEGA MINI, a 500-horse- power, turbocharged screamer that revs to 9

  15. Natural Resources Conservation Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    rates de- pend on handling and storage methods. Horse manure should be kept compact and moist to prevent of ammonia. Nutrients in urine are readily available for crop use. Bedding used in horse stalls absorbs and holds this valuable component well. #12;Manure Storage A single horse will produce 3/4-1 cubic foot

  16. Hardware Trojan Attacks: Threat Analysis and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhunia, Swarup

    . The nomenclature is derived from a mythological incident attributed to the ancient Greeks in the Trojan war, where a wooden horse was gifted to the Trojan army who took it into their city walls without realizing that the enemy (Greek) soldiers were hidden inside the hollow horse. The seemingly trustworthy horse

  17. Solarnorth '81 by Tymura Solardesigns: diverse residential, commercial and industrial projects at and above the 48th parallel in Ontario, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tymura, E.J.

    1981-01-01

    Solar Energy Heating Applications are On the Rise in and above the Northwestern City of Thunder Bay, on the northern shore of Lake Superior. Unique in their diversifications, the architectural commissions range from pure passive residential design thru hybrid systems; residential Greenhouse-Solarium active swimming pool and commercial hotel pool to inexpensive hybrid system for Canada's First Commercial Solar Lumber Drying Kiln; as well as combined earth sheltered with solar system design for a dormitory complex and shopping center. By May 1981, 7 buildings designed by Tymura Solardesigns in the Thunder Bay area will have been subjected to the Extreme Canadian climate (10,500/sup 0/F degree days, yearly temperature maximums from -41/sup 0/F to 90/sup 0/F, and solar fractions vary from 50% to 75%, with economic payback periods ranging between 7 and 10 years.

  18. Fond of Duck, Duck, Goose? CVHS has you covered. Where else can you find Duck Herding except at CVHS Open House, tomorrow, April 11! I mean really, you need smiles and a photo op with your favorite horse, Bullet!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    except at CVHS Open House, tomorrow, April 11! I mean really, you need smiles and a photo op with your p.m. To view the event schedule visit http://cvhs.okstate.edu/cvhs-annual-open-house Watch for CVHS Service for a large variety of exotic animal clinical care. To partner with AEZ by providing a monetary

  19. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisheries' final 2008 FCRPS Biological Opinion (BiOp). Mainstem hydroelectric operations proposed and declining summer outflows at Libby and Hungry Horse dams. Annual average hydroelectric generation

  20. Franklin Fenenga and California Archaeology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, William J

    1999-01-01

    of the Terminus Reservoir, Tulare Coun- ty, Califomia.of die Slick Rock VU- lage, Tulare County, Califomia. Ameri-Petroglyph from Horse Creek, Tulare County, Califcsnia.

  1. Full Issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UCLA, Law School

    2007-01-01

    viruses. A type of computer virus, a Trojan Horse installsis not a mere computer vulnerable to viruses. It is a direct

  2. The Spatiality of Power in Internet Control and Cyberwar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashraf, Cameran Hooshang

    2015-01-01

    Malware includes computer viruses, worms, trojan horses,to plant the virus on a networked computer, after which thestaff computers which connect to the network for viruses or

  3. The roles of E-Tmod in mechanotransduction and cardiac myofibrillogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lian, Ian Yu-Zen

    2007-01-01

    extracted in Trizol™ (GIBCO, Paisley, UK) solution using a15% horse serum (Gibco BRL, Paisley, UK). Culture medium wasextracted in a Trizol™ (GIBCO, Paisley, UK) solution using a

  4. Solar Power in the Desert: Are the current large-scale solar developments really improving California’s environment?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Michael F.; McHughen, Alan

    2011-01-01

    Jenerette. 2010. Box 11: Two paths towards solar energy:Photovoltaic vs Solar Thermal. In: Planetary Stewardship.government betting on the wrong solar horse. Natural Gas &

  5. External Parasites of Cattle. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Manning A.; Hamman, Philip J.; Newton, Weldon H.

    1969-01-01

    .............................................. Bloodsucking Flies ............................................. Horn fly ........................................................... Stable fly ...................................................... Tabanids (Horse flies and deer flies) ........... Black... flies or buffalo gnats ............................... Biting midges .................................................. Mosquitoes ...................................................... : Screwworm...

  6. The Effects of Organic Material and Mycorrhizal Inoculation On Horticultural Seedling Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortas, Ibrahim; Demirbas, Ahmet; Akpinar, Ça?da?; ?im?ek, Murat; Kaya, Zülküf

    2009-01-01

    plant material (used worm) 11. Compost : Sewage sludge 12.Compost : Sewage sludge mixed with plant and worm 13.Compost : Sewage sludge (horse manure) 1.25 14. Compost:

  7. Ritual, Mimesis and the Animal World in Early China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sterckx, Roel

    2014-01-01

    ’ sensory prescience of thunder, rain, lightning or earthquakes (Huainanzi, 10.337, 18.618, 20.663). Zhang Heng's (AD 78-139) 20 famous bronze seismograph illustrates the idea. It allegedly had an outer surface that was decorated with designs... of mountains, turtles, birds and beasts. A bronze ball dropping from a dragon mouth into a toad underneath indicated a movement of the earth. The choice of reptiles and amphibians on the domed cover and body of the seismograph was inspired by the idea...

  8. USDOE/EPRI BIOMASS COFIRING COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E. Hughes; D. Tillman

    2000-07-01

    During the period of April 1, 2000 through June 30, 2000, alternatives for relocating the Seward Generating Station cofiring project were investigated. A test was conducted at Bailly Generating Station of Northern Indiana Public Service Co., firing a blend of Black Thunder (Powder River Basin) coal and Illinois basin coal, in cyclone boiler designed for Illinois basin coal. This test at Bailly was designed to determine the technical feasibility of cofiring at that station using PRB coals. This report summarizes the activities during the second calendar quarter in 2000 of the USDOE/EPRI Biomass Cofiring Cooperative Agreement. It focuses upon reporting the results of construction and testing activities at these generating stations.

  9. MCF: A Malicious Code Filter * Raymond W. Lo **

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    to detect malicious code (e.g., computer viruses, worms, Tro­ jan­horses, and time/logic bombs) and security viruses [4], computer worms [13], Trojan horses, and programs that exploit security holes, covert channels computer viruses. Consider a hypothetical virus W that infects writable and executable programs. W infects

  10. Valuing Place through Resources: Incorporating Multi-dimensional Values in Decision Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardenhagen, Eric Karsten

    2012-07-16

    for local and non-local respondents comparison ....... 72 Figure 10 Value ranges for Friends of Portsmouth Island and Horse Foundation comparison .................................................................... 76 Figure 11 Value ranges... values comparison ....................... 73 Table 12 Friends of Portsmouth Island and Foundation for Shackleford Horses values comparison ............................................................... 77 Table 13 Fishing groups and business...

  11. &Science Service Featws Released upon receipt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    available for Only 28 stations. One of these stations is at Washington, D.C. where, on a Ch&= less day fn midsummer, the receipt of radiation amounts to nearly 30 million horse- power hours per square mile horse-power hours. ttThis,lf says Dr. H. H. KimbaJ.1, Ifappears t o be an enormous mount

  12. A framework for modelling trojans and computer virus infection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Paul

    A framework for modelling trojans and computer virus infection Harold Thimbleby1 , Stuart Anderson2 world, including the possibility of Trojan Horse programs and computer viruses, as simply a finite realisation of a Turing Machine. We consider the actions of Trojan Horses and viruses in real computer systems

  13. Understanding Equine Strangles: Signs of Disease, Management and Prevention1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    in 1251. The infection is highly contagious in horse populations and can recur on farms with previous outbreaks of the disease. It is one of the most commonly diagnosed contagious diseases of the horse signs of infection. Complications of Disease Fortunately, although strangles is highly contagious

  14. Volunteer Weekend University and College Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    at the shelter. Meet at Norman Garage at 8:00am Mill Creek Horse Farm: Help wash retired horses. Meet at Norman, most likely in my car, and I drove him to his house and let him out of the car there. The prepositions

  15. A CHARACTERIZATION AND EVALUATION OF COAL LIQUEFACTION PROCESS STREAMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G.A. Robbins; R.A. Winschel; S.D. Brandes

    1999-05-01

    This is the first Annual Technical Report of activities under DOE Contract No. DE-AC22-94PC93054. Activities from the first three quarters of the fiscal 1998 year were reported previously as Quarterly Technical Progress Reports (DOE/PC93054-57, DOE/PC93054-61, and DOE/PC93054-66). Activities for the period July 1 through September 30, 1998, are reported here. This report describes CONSOL's characterization of process-derived samples obtained from HTI Run PB-08. These samples were derived from operations with Black Thunder Mine Wyoming subbituminous coal, simulated mixed waste plastics, and pyrolysis oils derived from waste plastics and waste tires. Comparison of characteristics among the PB-08 samples was made to ascertain the effects of feed composition changes. A comparison also was made to samples from a previous test (Run PB-06) made in the same processing unit, with Black Thunder Mine coal, and in one run condition with co-fed mixed plastics.

  16. Combination Anthelmintics to Control Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Foals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volker, Ashley

    2010-01-16

    yeast culture (YC) preparation (Saccharomyces cere- visiae) on in vitro microbial populations, diet digestion, and fermentation patterns in horses. In Exp. 1, 4 ma- ture horses were fed a pelleted concentrate and alfalfa cubes in a 50:50 (%, as... was carried out for 48 h to determine DM, NDF, and ADF digestibility. In Exp. 2, fecal samples were taken from 4 mature horses consuming either a high- concentrate (HC) or high-fiber (HF) diet. Filter bags containing the HC or HF diet were added to the 4 incu...

  17. Effects of Distortion on the Intercluster Motion in Light Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pizzone, R. G.; Spitaleri, C.; Cherubini, S.; La Cognata, M.; Lamia, L.; Romano, S.; Bertulani, C.; Mukhamedzhanov, A.; Blokhintsev, L.; Irgaziev, B.; Miljanic, D.; Tumino, A.

    2009-08-26

    Deuteron induced quasi-free scattering and reactions have been extensively investigated in the past few decades as well as {sup 6}Li, {sup 3}He and {sup 9}Be induced ones. This was done not only for nuclear structure and processes study but also for the important astrophysical implication (Trojan Horse Method, THM). In particular the width of the spectator momentum distribution in {sup 6}Li and deuterium, which have widely been used as a Trojan Horse nuclei, will be studied as a function of the transferred momentum. Trojan horse method applications will also be discussed in these cases.

  18. Russel and Karen Wolter: Down to Earth Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    Wolter: It’s called sheet composting. We did that up until,Because we started composting horse manure from Pebbleon Organic Farming and Composting was sponsored by Rodale

  19. Higher Order Discontinuous Finite Element Methods for Discrete Ordinates Thermal Radiative Transfer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maginot, Peter G

    2015-07-28

    The linear discontinuous finite element method (LDFEM) is the current work horse of the radiation transport community. The popularity of LDFEM is a result of LDFEM (and its Q1 multi-dimensional extensions) being both ...

  20. Effects of continuous treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone during the anovulatory season on gonadotropin secretion, follicular dynamics and ovulation in the mare 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morton, Stephanie

    2005-02-17

    Objectives were to determine if low-dose, continuous infusion of GnRH from Fall to Spring, would prevent seasonal anovulation in mares. Twenty Quarter Horse mares, ages 18 mo to 24 yrs, were stratified by age and body ...

  1. Differential cytokine mRNA expression induced by binding of virulent and avirulent molecularly cloned equine infectious anemia viruses to equine macrophages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Wah-Seng

    2004-11-15

    Equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) causes rapid development of acute disease followed by recurring episodes of fever, thrombocytopenia and viremia, termed chronic EIA. Most infected horses control the virus by immune ...

  2. Beef Dairy Cattle Working Steer Dairy Goat Sheep Swine Owned/Leased

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    before show Other Vaccinations Scrapie Tag Scrapie Tag Horse Rabbits Poultry Llama/Alpaca Dog Meat required: Photo, freeze brand, tattoo or microchip Ear Tattoo Official Leg band if over 5 months Microchip

  3. A Visual Category Filter Google Images , Zisserman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zisserman, Andrew

    image returned Google's image search a number object categories including bottles, camels, cars, horses a contaminated training a minimal amount supervi­ sion. therefore method Fergus [10], extending it allow

  4. A Visual Category Filter for Google Images , P. Perona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zisserman, Andrew

    for a number of object categories including bottles, camels, cars, horses, tigers and zebras. 1 Introduction], it is essential that the approach can learn from a contaminated training set with a minimal amount of supervi

  5. D A R G A N M . W . F R I E R S O N D E P A R T M E N T O F A T M O S P H E R I C S C I E N C E S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frierson, Dargan

    's discuss some alternative energies in more detail ¡ Wind ¡ Solar ¡ Nuclear ¡ Geothermal Then we'll discuss ¾ of the time at Wild Horse" " " " " Turbines - 351 feet tall from the ground to the tip of a vertical rotor

  6. Gate-Level Characterization: Foundations and Hardware Security Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    Security Keywords Gate-level characterization, thermal conditioning, hardware Trojan horse, manufacturing leakage energy, ever increasing sub- strate noise, profound and intrinsic manufacturing variabil- ity (MV rights management. However, GLC is challenging due to the existence of manufacturing variability (MV

  7. Some factors affecting the digestible energy requirements and dry matter intake of mature donkeys and a comparison with normal husbandry practices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Stephanie Jane

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compile practical feeding guidelines for donkeys in the UK. Current guidelines are to feed 0.75 of horse feeding recommendations on a body weight basis. However, the superior digestive ...

  8. Study of Genomic Copy Number Variation in Equine Health and Disease 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Sharmila

    2014-07-30

    % involved 750 annotated genes with molecular functions predominantly in sensory perception, immunity, and reproduction. The findings were integrated with previous CNV studies in the horse to generate a composite genome-wide dataset of 1476 CNVRs. Of these...

  9. Bright Center of the Universe Issue 8 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multiple Contributors

    1998-01-01

    This project established an in vivo method to identify and manipulate expression of markers of osteoarthritis (OA). Specifically, strategies that predictably induce joint inflammation to evaluate dietary methods of OA prevention in young horses have...

  10. Synaptic Transmission NeuroReport 0959-4965 # Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Menahem

    Synaptic Transmission NeuroReport 0959-4965 # Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Bidirectional-L-lysine-coated 12 mm glass cover- slips in Eagle's MEM containing 5% heat-inacti- vated horse serum and 5% fetal

  11. NEUTRON PRODUCTION BY NEUTRAL BEAM SOURCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkner, K.H.

    2010-01-01

    HORSE Code—A Hultigroup Neutron and Gamma-Say Honte CarloR. Smith, "A Tantalus Fast Neutron Integrator," UCRL-17051.FiS- 9 Neutron dose during 3 months of typical TSUI

  12. Unschooling media : participatory practices among progressive homeschoolers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertozzi, Vanessa

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: Rehoboth, the name of my hometown in southern Massachusetts, comes from the Hebrew work for "crossroads." Indeed there's not much in this rural town besides Route 44 and Route 118, with smatterings of horse ...

  13. Manure Production and Characteristics: Its Importance to Texas Animal Feeding Operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    2007-09-20

    This publication contains estimates of annual manure production for cattle, swine, sheep, goats, horses and poultry, along with estimates of the chemical, physical and thermal constituents of manure for these species. This information is useful...

  14. Cytosolic Delivery of Proteins, Peptides and Cell-Impermeable Small Molecules Into Live Cells Utilizing Virus-Inspired Multivalent Cell-Penetrating Peptides: Principles and Mechanisms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erazo, Alfredo

    2014-12-16

    Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) facilitate the delivery of cell-impermeable macrmolecules across the plasma membrane of live cells. CPPs act as biological Trojan horses by hijacking and inducing endocytosis to enter cells, which leads to entrapment...

  15. Map of BPA wind interconnection projects - May 2009

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Horse (PSE) 225 MW Columbia Wind MW150 Nine Canyon III MW 32 Nine Canyon III MW 63 Sand Ridge II MW 700 East Klickitat 1-6 MW 6x200 Stateline (PAC) 210 MW Vansycle Ridge MW 25...

  16. Managing External Parasites of Texas Livestock and Poultry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoelscher, Clifford E.; Patrick, Carl D.; Robinson, James V.

    2000-05-23

    the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach, which combines biological and chemical control methods. It includes pesticide suggestions for beef cattle and nonlactating dairy cattle, lactating dairy cattle, sheep and nonlactating goats, swine, horses, poultry...

  17. A transvaginal ultrasonic approach to elimination of singleton pregnancy in the mare: application to reduction of twin pregnancy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macpherson, Margo Lee

    1994-01-01

    Quarter Horse-type mares (n=36) were used to investigate transvaginal ultrasonographically-guided allantoic aspiration as a method of pregnancy reduction in the mare. Mares were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups at Day 40...

  18. CONNECTIONMarch 2013 Inside this issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Bovine - Arsenic toxico- sis Equine - Serum hepatitis Equine - Contagious eq- uine metritis Porcine in horses that have not re ceived such injec ons. Taylorella equigenitalis, the cause of contagious equine

  19. Cooling Tower Considerations for Energy Optimizations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burger, R.

    1986-01-01

    Energy conservation strategies and production economies involve more than examining the cooling tower fan consumption of horse power. Colder water provides vast potentials for savings. Ask yourself, "What is the dollar and energy utilization value...

  20. What We Know About Coyotillo 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-05-16

    Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

  1. Report to the New Jersey State Board of Agriculture February 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    and inorganic mulches like plastic mulch. Other areas cover the importance of understanding weed biology of organic approved herbicides; mulching techniques with organic products such as composted horse manure

  2. Oglesbee Residence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raiford Stripling Associates, Inc.; Stripling, Raiford L.

    1972-01-01

    Humans and horses are infected with West Nile Encephalitis after being bitten by mosquitoes that transmit the virus. Migratory birds are thought to be responsible for the introduction of the virus into new areas. This publication explains...

  3. Effectiveness of Equine Assisted Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craven, Maria Beatriz

    2013-12-03

    Equine Assisted Psychotherapy (EAP) is a non-traditional form of psychotherapy that addresses treatment goals with the use of horses. This small pilot study consisting of 5 veterans examines the effectiveness of EAP in the ...

  4. Low winter temperatures and a short growing season generally limit grape production to the southern half of New Hampshire. Grape production in northern New Hampshire is limited to extremely well-protected sites with short-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    , compost, peat moss or a green manure crop). Prepare the vineyard site a year ahead of planting to allow erosion. Use animal manures for soil-building if available. Apply cow or horse manures the fall before

  5. Bacterial Source Tracking in Impaired Watersheds: Evaluation of Culture-Dependent and -Independent Methods for Increased Source Specificity and Improved Management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Emily C

    2013-05-02

    identifications (n=69) and Bacteroidales PCR marker occurrence (n=259) for human, ruminant, hog, and horse markers. .............................. 35 Figure 4. BST results from Big Cypress. Identification of water isolates... (pie chart) from all creek sites using a three way-split for source identifications (n=101) and Bacteroidales PCR marker occurrence (n=244) for human, ruminant, hog, and horse markers. .............................. 36 Figure 5. Overall E. coli...

  6. The serum transaminase activities of Equus caballus: a study of the transaminase levels under normal and disease conditions. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Mark Francis

    1964-01-01

    serum activity levels in horses of different ages, under varied environments, and on different diets. 2. To study the changes in the levels of serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (SGO-T) and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGP-T) produced... by equine infectious anemia, which by its nature might be expected to cause changes as the result of tissue damage. 3. To determine serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase levels in horses affected by certain other...

  7. Healing of surgically created defects in the equine superficial digital flexor tendon: collagen type transformation, tissue morphology, and the effects of pulsing electromagnetic field therapy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, Jeffrey Paul

    1984-01-01

    composition with respect to collagen type, fiber size, cellularity and vascularity and tissue morphology with respect to the longitudinal orientation of collagen fibers, wave formation, and periodicity. CHAPTER II HEALING OF SURGICALLY CREATED DEFECTS... The collagen composition of the repair tissue formed fibrous scar tissue in the PSW 24 group (Fig. 4) in the SDF tendon defect of each horse is presented in Table 1. The mean fluorescent reaction for each group of horses was derived by converting...

  8. Flexible horseshoe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ford, Donald F. (2011 D Sierra Rd., Concord, CA 94518)

    1985-01-01

    A screw-on horseshoe formed from a plastic material is disclosed. A flex joint is provided that allows the horseshoe to expand and contract as pressure is applied to the horse's hoof, thereby reducing friction between the hoof and the shoe. The horseshoe also provides a lip portion projecting upwardly from a horseshoe base portion to protect the horse hoof wall from obstacles encountered during the movement of the horse. A novel screw having a double helix thread pattern including a high thread pattern and a low thread pattern is used to fasten the horseshoe to the horse's hoof without piercing the hoof wall. The screw includes a keyed recessed self-holding head that is complementary to, and therefore readily driven by, a power drill. A lightweight, yet wear-resistant, horseshoe that is readily attached to a horse's hoof with a minimum amount of labor and a minimum amount of damage to the hoof that can be constructed in many styles and sizes to match a large variety of horse uses is thus described.

  9. Highly dispersed catalysts for coal liquefaction. Phase 1 final report, August 23--November 22, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirschon, A.S.; Wilson, R.B.; Ghaly, O.

    1995-03-22

    The ultimate goal of this project is to develop novel processes for making the conversion of coal into distillable liquids competitive to that of petroleum products in the range of $25/bbl. The objectives of Phase 1 were to determine the utility of new precursors to highly dispersed catalysts for use of syngas atmospheres in coal liquefaction, and to estimate the effect of such implementation on the cost of the final product. The project is divided into three technical tasks. Tasks 1 and 2 are the analyses and liquefaction experiments, respectively, and Task 3 deals with the economic effects of using these methods during coal liquefaction. Results are presented on the following: Analytical Support--screening tests and second-stage conversions; Laboratory-Scale Operations--catalysts, coal conversion in synthetic solvents, Black Thunder screening studies, and two-stage liquefaction experiments; and Technical and economic Assessment--commercial liquefaction plant description, liquefaction plant cost; and economic analysis.

  10. A characterization and evaluation of coal liquefaction process streams. Quarterly report, January 1--March 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robbins, G.A.; Brandes, S.D.; Heunisch, G.W.; Winschel, R.A.

    1998-08-01

    Described in this report are the following activities: CONSOL characterized process stream samples from HTI Run ALC-2, in which Black Thunder Mine coal was liquefied using four combinations of dispersed catalyst precursors. Oil assays were completed on the HTI Run PB-05 product blend. Fractional distillation of the net product oil of HTI Run POC-1 was completed. CONSOL completed an evaluation of the potential for producing alkylphenyl ethers from coal liquefaction phenols. At the request of DOE, various coal liquid samples and relevant characterization data were supplied to the University of West Virginia and the Federal Energy Technology Center. The University of Delaware is conducting resid reactivity tests and is completing the resid reaction computer model. The University of Delaware was instructed on the form in which the computer model is to be delivered to CONSOL.

  11. Beam transport and monitoring for laser plasma accelerators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakamura, K.; Sokollik, T.; Tilborg, J. van; Gonsalves, A. J.; Shaw, B.; Shiraishi, S.; Mittal, R.; De Santis, S.; Byrd, J. M.; Leemans, W. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States) and University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2012-12-21

    The controlled transport and imaging of relativistic electron beams from laser plasma accelerators (LPAs) are critical for their diagnostics and applications. Here we present the design and progress in the implementation of the transport and monitoring system for an undulator based electron beam diagnostic. Miniature permanent-magnet quadrupoles (PMQs) are employed to realize controlled transport of the LPA electron beams, and cavity based electron beam position monitors for non-invasive beam position detection. Also presented is PMQ calibration by using LPA electron beams with broadband energy spectrum. The results show promising performance for both transporting and monitoring. With the proper transport system, XUV-photon spectra from THUNDER will provide the momentum distribution of the electron beam with the resolution above what can be achieved by the magnetic spectrometer currently used in the LOASIS facility.

  12. Learning under fire: a combat unit in the Southwest Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, James Scott

    2006-10-30

    and part-time soldiers fell sick due to the unfamiliar and rigorous environment. The regiment lacked critical weapons for training, having no mortars, no .50 caliber machine guns, and just half of its authorized quantity of light and heavy .30 caliber... machine guns. Moreover, each rifle troop in this cavalry unit deployed to Fort Bliss with only thirty-two horses ? 135 short of its wartime strength ? while the newly created Special Weapons Troop had none of its 183 authorized mounts. Horses arrived...

  13. Development and survival of the stable fly, Stomoxys Calcitrans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae) in dung from various domestic animal species 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boire, Soualika

    1987-01-01

    old) to 10 days old. As for the pure dung experiments, larvae developed best in fresh cattle dung and fresh horse manure. The 2 dung types least supportive of stable fly development were pure swine and chicken dung. Of the 2 vegetable matter media... and particularly with wood shavings. Chicken manure was also enhanced as a larval medium when mixed with wood shavings. Pupal size was substantial in swine dung/hay, chicken manure/wood shavings, horse manure/hay and swine dung/woad shavings media. However...

  14. DIRECT LIQUEFACTION PROOF OF CONCEPT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-09-01

    The eighth bench scale test of POC program, Run PB-08, was successfully completed from August 8 to August 26, 1997. A total of five operating conditions were tested aiming at evaluating the reactivity of different pyrolysis oils in liquefaction of a Wyoming sub-bituminous coal (Black Thunder coal). For the first time, water soluble promoters were incorporated into the iron-based GelCat to improve the dispersion of the promoter metals in the feed blend. The concentration of the active metals, Mo and Fe, was 100 and 1000 ppm of moisture-free coal, respectively. Black Thunder coal used in this run was the same batch as tested in HTI?s Run POC-02. Similar to Runs PB-01 through 7, this run employed two back mixed slurry reactors, an interstage gas/slurry separator and a direct-coupled hydrotreater. In addition to the hot vapor from the second stage separator, the first stage separator overhead liquid was also fed to the hydrotreater, which was packed with Criterion C-411 hydrotreating catalyst. Pyrolysis oil was produced off-line from a pyrolysis unit acquired from University of Wyoming. Solids rejection was achieved by purging out pressure filter solid. The recycle solvents consisted of O-6 separator bottoms and pressure filter liquid (PFL). The Run PB-08 proceeded very smoothly without any interruptions. Coal conversion consistently above 90W% was achieved. High resid conversion and distillate yield have been obtained from co-processing of coal and 343°C+ (650°F+) pyrolysis oil. Light gas (C1-C3 ) yield was minimized and hydrogen consumption was reduced due to the introduction of pyrolysis oil, compared with conventional coal-derived solvent. Catalytic activity was improved by incorporating a promoter metal into the iron-based GelCat. It seemed that lowering the first stage temperature to 435°C might increase the hydrogenation function of the promoter metal. In comparison with previous coal-waste coprocessing run (PB-06), significant improvements in the process performance were achieved due to catalyst modification and integration of pyrolysis technique into liquefaction.

  15. 3/2/2015 8:30 AM Programing Assignment #4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ioerger, Thomas R.

    · The Norwegian lives in the first house on the left · The green house is immediately to the right of the ivory · The Snickers eater drinks orange juice · The Ukranian drinks tea · The Japanese person eats Milky Ways · Kit Kats are eaten in a house next to the house where the horse is kept · Coffee is drunk in the green

  16. Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with food, and NPK fluxes at farm level. The biofuels were crude rapeseed oil, horse draft, ethanol from a combination of a workhorse and a crude rapeseed oil-fuelled tractor. Ethanol from wheat had the largest impactIntegrating Food Production and Biodiversity Energy and Scale Issues in Implementation Kristina

  17. Christopher Kennedy ckennedy@syr.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raina, Ramesh

    Christopher Kennedy ckennedy@syr.edu 315.443.3755 (office) EDUCATION M.A. Creative Writing Program) Nietzsche's Horse, prose poems, Mitki/Mitki Press (2001) LITERARY JOURNALS Kennedy, Christopher. "Coaxing the Dog Inside." New York Tyrant, (forthcoming). Kennedy, Christopher. "Some Other Species of Love." New

  18. 15 September 2002 Mr. Stephen J. Wright

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    services to 13 retail electric cooperatives that serve a significant segment of Montana's rural Horse Reservation, not fully utilized by electric cooperatives with ranking rights to receive service Administration P.O. Box 12999 Portland, Oregon 97212 RE: Solicitation of Proposals and Comments on the Sale

  19. UNIVERSITY of WASHINGTON PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manchak, John

    UNIVERSITY of WASHINGTON PRESS Fall 2014 #12;CONTENTS NEW BOOKS1 CONTACT INFO49 SALES REPRESENTATIVES49 PUBLISHING PARTNERS Canadian Museum of Civilization48 Fowler Museum at UCLA36 Lost Horse Press39 Lynx House Press41 National Gallery of Australia38 Silkworm Books42 UBC Press43 UCLA Chicano Studies

  20. TEXASA&MUNIVERSITYEMERGENCYMANAGEMENT OFFICEOFSAFETYANDSECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    known as the "urban heat island effect." Pets, horses, and livestock are also susceptible&MUNIVERSITYEMERGENCYMANAGEMENT OFFICEOFSAFETYANDSECURITY Why talk about excessive heat? In recent years, excessive heat has caused more deaths than all heat kills more than 1,000 people each year. During the July 1995 heat wave in Chicago, more than 700

  1. THE EFFECT OF ORGANIC SELENIUM SUPPLEMENTATION AND DIETARY ENERGY MANIPULATION ON MARES AND THEIR FOALS: SELENIUM CONCENTRATIONS, GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE ACTIVITY, FOALING PARAMETERS AND FOAL PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karren, Brady

    2010-01-16

    Quarter Horse mares (n=28, 465-612 kg BW, 6-19 yrs of age) were used to investigate the effect of organic selenium (Se) supplementation (Selenosource, Diamond V Mills, Inc. Cedar Rapids, IA (SeM)) and DE manipulation on ...

  2. ChannelCombine Strategies for OnDemand Multicast on Mobile Wireless Networks \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Yu-Chee

    Engineering National Central University Chung­Li, 32054, Taiwan Abstract This paper considers a communication@csie.ncu.edu.tw. Figure 1. An example of a cellular wireless net­ work for a car showroom. a new dimension of thinking, showroom, convention center, or horse­racing field. See Fig. 1 for an illustration. Users may be equipped

  3. CX-000600: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Upgrades at Bonneville Power Administration's Hungry Horse, Bonneville, and Grand Coulee SubstationsCX(s) Applied: B4.6Date: 01/12/2010Location(s): Grant County, WashingtonOffice(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  4. Week 4: History / philosophy, distance methods January, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    Week 4: History / philosophy, distance methods Genome 570 January, 2010 Week 4: History Gaylord Simpson (1902-1984) Week 4: History / philosophy, distance methods ­ p.2/73 #12;A horse tree drawn by Simpson Week 4: History / philosophy, distance methods ­ p.3/73 #12;A phylogeny of the living Craniata

  5. Bill Bradbury, Council Chair Northwest Power Planning Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and enhance fish and wildlife to the extent affected by the development and operation of the hydropower establishing equitable cost-share arrangements with other entities that are responsible for similar on losses sustained at each federal dam. The techniques used to develop loss statements for Hungry Horse

  6. OBTAINING BEST PARAMETER VALUES FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coenen, Frans

    in a computationally effective/efficient manner? #12;CBA (Liu et al., 1998) Hepatitis #12;CBA (Liu et al., 1998) CMAR (Li et al. 2001) Hepatitis #12;CBA (Liu et al., 1998) CMAR (Li et al. 2001) TFPC (Coenen and Leng, 2005) Hepatitis #12;CBA (Liu et al., 1998) TFPC (Coenen and Leng, 2005) CMAR (Li et al. 2001) Horse

  7. 80 nature physics | VOL 4 | JANUARY 2008 | www.nature.com/naturephysics The last word

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    , the apparatus is surprisingly uncomplicated. It's built around a grooved, inclined plane, with a steel ball supply to the two big, brass terminals on the pipe. Turn up the juice until you have about two kilovolts detector. "Don't waste it," I hear you saying. "Feed in tomorrow's horse racing results so we can get

  8. Structured Data on the Web Alon Halevy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halevy, Alon

    -form crawling, Finding all HTML tables Lists -> tables Extracting context #12;What is the Deep Web? store Search Amish quilts Parking tickets in India Horses #12;Three Flavors of Deep Web · Vertical search pages into the Google Index · Query time: nothing! ­ Deep web URLs in the Google Index are like any

  9. '/01. II. No. 4 JULY, 1929 -, Entered as second.class. malleT at New Yr.rk. ?\\i. Y.. lan. 7. I<)~" E"ollltion Pl1bl. Carp.. 96-5th Ave.. N. Y.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    began Plants? · In j Seed ferns. True ferns. Club mosses and horse- Devonian_________ tails. \\Voody algae Animi- (seaweeds). kian. J Blue-green algae (pond Huronian --------1 scum). Bacteria. Sudburian-celled or chains of cells such as pond-scum), these being also the simplest plants alive today. Plants. as wcll

  10. UnitE;ld States DejJartment of the Interior Fish and ;";ildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the anal i n the female is dark~edr~ed; t~e caudal, or tail, has 3 or 4 irrer.;ular transvors(-; rovrs.l- pletely cove:r their bodies. Thoy thrive:: in ponds vj.sited by cattle , horses, and hogs, also in ',oale

  11. Comments on a paper by Voas, Payne & Cohen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    ]. Their motivation is to detect Trojan Horses and/or computer virus infec­ tion. Their method rests on the claim, a computer virus (or a biological virus) must have a large enough pool of susceptible hosts. In the case of computer viruses, this certainly happens given the size of (for example) the DOS population. But DOS

  12. Comments on a paper by Voas, Payne & Cohen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    ]. Their motivation is to detect Trojan Horses and/or computer virus infec- tion. Their method rests on the claim. A practical point about viruses is as follows. To survive, a computer virus (or a biological virus) must have a large enough pool of susceptible hosts. In the case of computer viruses, this certainly

  13. An Immunological Approach to Change Detection: Theoretical Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'haeseleer, Patrik

    , etc.) from nonself (intruders, computer viruses, spoofing, Trojan horses, etc.) Nature, more­12 June 1996. cell damage). Likewise, computer security measures can be divided into specific (virus of Computer Science University of New Mexico Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87131 patrik@cs.unm.edu http

  14. J. A@. Food Chem. 1093,41, 1523-1529 1123 Development of Antibodies against Hydroxyatrazine and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    in aseries of matrices (water,soil,horse manure, urine, and fungalextracts). In preliminary bioremediation of traditionally difficult matrices for the investigation of the bioremediation of atrazine. INTRODUCTION Atrazine with the identification of atrazine asa major pesticidecontaminant of ground water (Parsons and Witt, 1988;Eider, 1989

  15. Age-Related Effects on Markers of Inflammation and Cartilage Metabolism in Response to an Intra-Articular Lipopolysaccharide Challenge 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Meredith K

    2014-11-25

    that met or exceeded NRC (2007) requirements. On d 14, horses were challenged with an intra-articular injection of LPS. Carpal joints were randomly assigned to receive 0.5 ng LPS solution obtained from E. coli O55:B5, or 0.8mL sterile lactated Ringer’s...

  16. Old Main - 14 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-01-01

    Eight mature stock-type mares averaging 481.4 kg were used in a 4 x 2 switchback arrangement of treatments to determine nutrient density of an experimental diet. The horses were blocked by age into groups of four and then randomly assigned to a...

  17. Improved determination of the astrophysical S(0) factor of the (15)N(p,alpha)(12)C reaction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    La Cognata, M.; Goldberg, V. Z.; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Spitaleri, C.; Tribble, Robert E.

    2009-01-01

    We present new improved R matrix fits of direct data and indirect Trojan Horse data for the (15)N(p,alpha)(12)C reaction and provide a more accurate recommended value of S(0)=73.0 +/- 5.0 MeV b from direct Redder data [A. Redder , Z. Phys. A 305...

  18. Technology Licensing Opportunity Non-Confidential Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peak, Derek

    Technology Licensing Opportunity Non-Confidential Summary Industry Liaison Office 15 Innovation thermolysin mixed with an adjuvant. The product was tested in 24 horses challenged by oligofructose overload 15 Innovation Boulevard, Suite 250 Saskatoon, SK, S7N 2X8 T. (306) 966-1465 E. ilo.ovpr@usask.ca NEW

  19. NOTTINGHAM TRENT UNIVERSITY -INVESTING IN EXCELLENCE VICE-CHANCELLOR'S PHD SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME 2014 & SCHOOL PHD SCHOLARSHIPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    in a somersault like action, and present a risk of death to the rider as the horse typically lands upon them. Between 2004 and 2013 there were 97 serious life altering injuries and 9 reported deaths due to rotational and Environmental Sciences houses a purpose built equestrian centre and animal unit and a wide range of equine

  20. Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne 2009Operating System Concepts 8th Edition, Security (Chapter 15)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iamnitchi, Adriana

    and Gagne ©2009Operating System Concepts ­ 8th Edition Program Threats Trojan Horse Code segment Concepts ­ 8th Edition C Program with Buffer-overflow Condition #include #define BUFFER SIZE 256 and Gagne ©2009Operating System Concepts ­ 8th Edition Program Threats (Cont.) Viruses Code fragment

  1. Operating System Concepts with Java 7th Edition, Nov 15, 2006 Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne 2007 Chapter 15: Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bezrukov, Sergei

    with Java ­ 7th Edition, Nov 15, 2006 Chapter 15: Security The Security Problem Program Threats System Edition, Nov 15, 2006 Program Threats Trojan Horse Code segment that misuses its environment Exploits Edition, Nov 15, 2006 C Program with Buffer-overflow Condition #12;15.10 Silberschatz, Galvin and Gagne

  2. EH&S 1/2011 EMPLOYEE SAFETY ORIENTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lozano-Robledo, Alvaro

    Amphibian Canine Feline Ruminants Pigs Sheep Horse Feral animals (list species): Other (list species): Biological Toxins Toxic Plants/Seeds II. Chemicals and Drugs -- Is this a laboratory setting? YES sources of radiation (please list or explain): IV. Reproductive Hazards Teratogens/Mutagens Other

  3. David Cahen, Canada-Weizmann 10/'09 Modern Life with Sustainable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jan M.L.

    W Renewables #12;David Cahen, 4 ACWIS 7/'09 work of 2 horses for 25 hrs ~ 6 x 6 m2 solar cell panel for 2 days Solar as Energy Source · Diffuse radiation lost upon concentration · Low collection efficiency (lots · Nuclear · Renewable energy sources: solar (also wind,hydroelectric&biomass) geothermal #12;David Cahen, 4

  4. Portland Bike History Weather Prophet Pague,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Portland Bike History Weather Prophet Pague, Governor Geer, & Portland's First Bicycle Paths Eric, as a trooper is bred to his horse. From dawn till dark she lives in the saddle. Whatever be her errand, she, and bowls home again, serene tranquil, content. Since bicycles came to Portland, not to play with

  5. Deer were among the species studied by biologists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Stuart

    Deer were among the species studied by biologists CATEGORIES TV RADIO COMMUNICATE WHERE I LIVE Rural housing market in 'crisis' Scottish horse racing romps home Buy-out may cut it for Caithness Homepage >> | BBC Sport >> | BBC Weather >> | BBC World Service >> About BBC News | Help | Feedback | News

  6. Changing the World by Mining the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linhardt, Robert J.

    Changing the World by Mining the Materials Genome Curt Breneman Dean of Science April 7, 2015 #12 Technology Cast Iron Mirror Early Hemp Paper Early Ore of Iron Compass Image Credit: National Museum of Korea, Seoul #12;www.rpi.edu Iron Age: 1200 B.C. ­ 800 A.D. Iron Farm Tools Iron Helmet Horse Trappings Image

  7. DL-945 1/09 Animal Health Diagnostic Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    Recommendations for Horse Handlers Related to Contagious Equine Metritis or Other Reproductive System Infections infectious diseases, including Contagious Equine Metritis (CEM). CEM is spread primarily by breeding information regarding Contagious Equine Metritis, see the following fact sheets: (USDA APHIS) http://www

  8. Indirect methods in nuclear astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, C A; Mukhamedzhanov, A; Kadyrov, A S; Kruppa, A; Pang, D Y

    2015-01-01

    We discuss recent developments in indirect methods used in nuclear astrophysics to determine the capture cross sections and subsequent rates of various stellar burning processes, when it is difficult to perform the corresponding direct measurements. We discuss in brief, the basic concepts of Asymptotic Normalization Coefficients, the Trojan Horse Method, the Coulomb Dissociation Method, (d,p), and charge-exchange reactions.

  9. PART 2. Narrative Project ID: New resident fish monitoring project called for by NPCC' Mainstem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    been listed, or proposed for listing, under ESA. Changes in dam operation for recovery of lower's Mainstem Amendments on the Fisheries Upstream and Downstream of Hungry Horse and Libby Dams, Montana (Council) directed the Pacific Northwest region to implement, and evaluate specific dam operating

  10. Preparing for Your Fall Vegetable Garden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    leaves, Grass clippings, Horse manure or cow manure Fine mulch Add complete fertilizer right and cans Buckets and baskets Styrofoam ice chests Plastic bags Barrels and drums Container Gardening Composting Mulching Animal manures Green manures Crop rotation Natural predators Resistant varieties

  11. FY 2007-09 Project Selection, Section 10 1 Project ID: 1991-019-01

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , culvert upgrades, road recontouring, riparian revegetation, off-channel watering, grazing exclusion Lake and River basin resulting from the construction and operation of Hungry Horse Dam. The purpose, but recoverable, native populations injured by the hydropower system. The project mitigates the blockage

  12. VOLUMF -31, PART 1 BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    Y O U N G VOLUMF -31, PART 1 #12;BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES VOLUME 31.PART 1 CONTENTS .................................................................. Ralph E.Lambert Geology of the Mount Ellen Quadrangle. Henry Mountains. Garfield County. Utah near White Horse Pass. Elko County. Nevada ............Stephen M Smith Geology of the Steele Butte

  13. 90 Copublished by the IEEE CS and the AIP 1521-9615/11/$26.00 2011 IEEE Computing in SCienCe & engineering N o v E l A r C h I t E C t u r E S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    - formance in traditional architectures; the primary factor influencing these limits is energy efficiencyCienCe Community T he Keeneland project--named for a historic thoroughbred horse racing track in Lexington software tools and applications for the full-scale system, which is due to be deployed in 2012. Keeneland

  14. CORRESPONDENCE CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 108, NO. 12, 25 JUNE 2015 2139

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giri, Ranjit K.

    mile-posts of the Industrial Revolution). This circumstance did not prevent India from building the Taj. Attempts at understanding this sort of question could help in triggering the revolution that India needs- pel globally. At the risk of beating a dead horse, let me briefly restate the obvious. The industrial

  15. EQUINE EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY 6 Equine vet. J., Suppl. 34 (2002) 363-367

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoyt, Donald F.

    2002-01-01

    and energies have been described in walking horses during the swing phase of the stride in the fore in the forelimb but not in the hindlimb. The effects of velocity on power profiles and energy patterns- dependent changes in hindlimb net energy profiles of the swing phase during trotting. Inverse dynamic

  16. Extensive Air Showers and the Physics of High Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. D. Erlykin

    2007-03-20

    Extensive Air Showers are still the only source of information on primary cosmic rays and their interactions at energies above PeV. However, this information is hidden inside the multiplicative character of the cascading process. Inspite of the great experimental and theoretical efforts the results of different studies are often ambiguous and even conflicting. These controversies can partly be referred to imperfections of our models of high energy interactions. The first part of the paper is concerned with this problem. The author thinks that the present models should be corrected to give slightly deeper penetration of the cascade into the atmosphere. In this respect the modification suggested by the QGSJET-II model seems to be the step in the right direction. The Sibyll 2.1 model provides a similar penetrating properties. However, this modification is not enough and a small additional transfer of the energy from EAS hadrons to the electromagnetic component is needed too. As a possible candidate for such a process the inelastic charge exchange of pions is discussed. In the second part of the paper the author discusses the need to account for the interaction of EAS with the stuff of detectors, their environment and the ground in the light of the 'neutron thunder' phenomenon, discovered recently.

  17. Advanced direct coal liquefaction concepts. Quarterly report, October 1, 1993--December 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berger, D.J.; Parker, R.J.; Simpson, P.L.

    1993-12-31

    Six runs on the bench unit were successfully completed this quarter. The runs covered twenty five different operating conditions and yield periods, and involved 336 hours of operation. In the bench unit, increased temperature of first stage operation (410{degree}C) and direct addition of the powdered solid sodium aluminate to the feed as first stage catalyst improved both coal and carbon monoxide conversion. To achieve 90%+ overall coal conversion, temperatures of 430{degree}C+ were required in the second stage. Oil yields (pentane soluble liquid product) in excess of 65 wt % based on MAF Black Thunder coal, were achieved both with iron oxide/dimethyl disulfide and ammonium molybdate/carbon disulfide second stage catalysts. C{sub l}-C{sub 3} hydrogen gas yields were modest, generally 7-8 wt % on MAF coal, and overall hydrogen consumption (including first stage shift hydrogen) was in the order of 7-8 wt % on MAF coal. The ammonium molybdate catalyst system appeared to give slightly higher oil yields and hydrogen consumption, as was expected, but the differences may not be significant.

  18. White House Mapathon Progress | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia: EnergyMaryland: EnergyWexfordSouthValleyCity,Indiana:Horse,

  19. Livestock Auctions in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenzie, Travis M. (Travis McDonald); Brotherton, Charles B. (Charles Benjamin); McNeely, John G.

    1951-01-01

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 1 I Sheep Sales by Weight and by the Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 1 Hog Sales by Weight and by the Mead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Horse Sales by Weight and by the Head... in the number of livestock auctions and in the numbers of cattle, sheep and hogs mar- keted by this method. A few Texas auctions were established before 1930, but the greatest growth has occurred during the past 15 years. con an( in 1 at , Several...

  20. Lone Star Healthy Streams: Keeping Texas streams clean 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutwell, Kathryn S.

    2013-01-01

    ,? said Jennifer Peterson, LSHS statewide coordinator. ?For each bacterial contributor, we created a manual and a presentation outlining BMPs that are operation- speci?c.? ?e program published manuals for poultry, beef ca?le, feral hogs, horses.... Dairy Cattle: Construct a waste treatment lagoon by building an embankment and/or excavating a pit or dugout to biologically treat waste. Feral Hogs: Although they require more effort to install and maintain, using corral traps is extremely...

  1. Ecological investigation of a hazardous waste site, Warner Robins, Georgia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wade, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Billig, P. [Camp Dresser and McKee, Inc., Denver, CO (United States)

    1993-05-01

    Landfill No. 4 and the sludge lagoon at Robins Air Force Base, Warner Robins, Georgia, were added to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Priorities List in 1987 because of highpotential for contaminant migration. Warner Robins is located approximately 90 miles southeast of Atlanta. In 1990 CH2M HILL conducted a Remedial Investigation at the base that recommended that further ecological assessment investigations be conducted (CH2M HILL 1990). The subject paper is the result of this recommendation. The ecological study was carried out by the Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program (HAZWRAP)Division of Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., working jointly with its subcontractor CDM (CDM 1992a). The primary area of investigation (Zone 1) included the sludge lagoon, Landfill No. 4, the wetland area east of the landfill and west of Hannah Road (including two sewage treatment ponds), and the area between Hannah Road and Horse Creek (Fig. 1). The bottomland forest wetlands of Zone 1 extend from the landfill east to Horse Creek. Surface water and groundwater flow across Zone 1 is generally in an easterly direction toward Horse Creek. Horse Creek is a south-flowing tributary of the Ocmulgee River Floodplain. The objective of the study was to perform a quantitative analysis of ecological risk associated with the ecosystems present in Zone 1. This investigation was unique because the assessment was to be based upon many measurement endpoints resulting in both location-specific data and data that would assess the condition of the overall ecosystem. The study was segregated into five distinct field investigations: hydrology, surface water and sediment, aquatic biology, wetlands ecology, and wildlife biology.

  2. Automated assistance for detecting malicious code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crawford, R.; Kerchen, P.; Levitt, K.; Olsson, R.; Archer, M.; Casillas, M. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (US). Dept. of Computer Science

    1993-06-18

    This paper gives an update on the continuing work on the Malicious Code Testbed (MCT). The MCT is a semi-automated tool, operating in a simulated, cleanroom environment, that is capable of detecting many types of malicious code, such as viruses, Trojan horses, and time/logic bombs. The MCT allows security analysts to check a program before installation, thereby avoiding any damage a malicious program might inflict.

  3. Feeding Race Prospects and Racehorses in Training 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbs, Pete G.; Potter, Gary D.; Scott, Brett D.

    2002-12-18

    .4 megacalories of digestible energy per pound. Feeds with higher levels of energy need even Once training or forced exercise begins, the feeding program should be evaluated even more carefully. Horses in race training Researchers have recently found... on good-quali- ty, improved pastures. The digestive tract of a yearling can process more roughage than that of a weanling. Good-quality grazing appears to sup- port acceptable growth and development at this stage. 7 However, yearlings being prepared...

  4. Agroforestry: Conifers. (Latest citations from the Cab Abstracts database). NewSearch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-10-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the use of lands forested with conifers for crop and livestock production. Citations cover the grazing of livestock and the production of crops, including tomatoes, soybeans, lespedeza, wheat, rape, taro, cotton, cabbages, ginger, watermelons, and strawberries. Livestock discussed include cattle, sheep, geese, and horses. Economic analyses and economic models are presented. (Contains a minimum of 147 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  5. Anthrax 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawhorn, D. Bruce

    2001-08-09

    is also seen in horses and dogs. Chronic cases of anthrax are more responsive to antibiotic treatment. Anthrax can resemble other conditions that cause sudden death. In cattle and sheep, this includes clostridial infections, bloat, lightning strike, acute...) that are extremely resistant to temperature, sunlight, dry- ing and chemical disinfectants. These spores can live in the environment for years, especially in alkaline soils containing lots of nitrogen and organic matter. When the spores enter an animal (by ingestion...

  6. The viability of stallion spermatozoa as influenced by storage media and antibiotics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gazder, Pesi Jamshed

    1956-01-01

    area, for the use of their stallions for semen collection purposes. Department of Dairy Husbandry, for providing the buttermilk solids used in this study. INTRODUCTION From the standpoint of modern animal husbandry, artificial insemination of farm... and the stallion, has been somewhat less satisfactory because of difficulties of collection, management and treatment of the material obtained and high mortality under conditions of storage* The use of artificial insemination in horse breeding has also been...

  7. External Parasites of Poultry. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Manning A.; Hamman, Philip J.; Newton, Weldon H.

    1969-01-01

    ~tlutling (logs, cattle, horses, sheep, goats, wolE nntl man. Larvae and nymphs attack birds prin- til)dly, but also are found on small mammals. Llle history and habits. Usually 15,000 to l'r,000 eggs are deposited on surface soil, but occa- Texas, house flies may continue limited de- velopment and reproduction during the winter, although the rate is greatly influenced by prevailing...

  8. The look of the fair : Kansas county fairscapes, 1854-1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambler, Cathy J.

    1996-01-01

    , Seneca. 1889 Sanborn Fire Insurance 119 Figure 66. Pottawatomie County, Onaga, 1910. KSHS Photo Collection. 119 Figure 67. Decatur County, Oberlin. Photo by author 120 Figure 68. Logan County, Oakley, 1912. Courtesy of the Fick Fossil Museum 121... County, Pratt, Pole Barn. Photo by author 277 Figure 140. Nemaha County, Seneca. Photo by author 288 Figure 141. Barton County, Great Bend. Photo by author 289 Figure 142. Trego County, Wakeeney, Horse Arena. Photo by author. .291 Figure 143. Crawford...

  9. The bioavailability and biological effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in White Leghorn hens 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washburn, Lessly Ann

    1989-01-01

    as products of pyrolysis of transformer oils (Schecter et al. , 1984), and as effluents from municipal refuse incinerators (Taylor et al. , 1983; Safe, 1986; Rappe et al. , 1979; Benfenati et al. , 1983; Ballschmiter et al. , 1983; Buser et al. , 1978a, 1978... & Chemical Co. contracted a firm to haul away its sludge bottoms. Approximately 29 kg of TCDD contaminated sludge wastes were mixed with waste oils and sprayed for dust control throughout the state (Gough, 1986). Among the areas sprayed were horse arenas...

  10. The Low Pay Commission After Eight Years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, William

    2006-03-14

    familiarity with interview and case study techniques to explore changing power relationships. Studies were carried out on selected affected sectors (clothing, hospitality, charities, retail, hairdressing, and horse racing, for example) and on selected... asset of firm enforcement of the National Minimum Wage by HM Revenue and Customs. Keywords: minimum wage; social partnership; labour market regulation JEL Classification: I3, J3, J8, K3, L5 1 This is a...

  11. Proceedings of NAACL-HLT 2015 Student Research Workshop (SRW), pages 6470, Denver, Colorado, June 1, 2015. c 2015 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is bathing in the sink. vs. Birdie is washing itself in the water basin. (score = 5.0) · Shares in EDS closed York Stock Exchange. (score = 3.667) · Vivendi shares closed 3.8 percent up in Paris at 15.78 euros. vs. Vivendi shares were 0.3 per- cent up at 15.62 euros in Paris at 0841 GMT. (score = 2.6) · John went horse

  12. A Characterization and Evaluation of Coal Liquefaction Process Streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. A. Robbins; R. A. Winschel; S. D. Brandes

    1998-06-09

    CONSOL characterized 38 process strea m samples from HTI Run PB- 04, in which Black Thunder Mine Coal, Hondo vacuum resid, autom obile shredder residue (ASR), and virgin plastics were used as liquefaction feedstocks with dispersed catalyst. A paper on kinetic modeling of resid reactivity was presented at the DOE Coal Lique -faction and Solid Fuels Contractors Review Conference, September 3- 4, 1997, i n Pittsburgh, PA. The paper, "The Reactivity of Direct Coal Liquefaction Resids", i s appended (Appendix 1). Three papers on characterization of samples from coal/ resid/ waste p lastics co- liquefaction were presented or submitted for presen tation at conferences. Because of their similarity, only one of the papers is appended to this report. The paper, "Characterization o f Process Samples From Co- Liquefaction of Coal and Waste Polymers", (Appendix 2) was presented at the DOE Coal Liquefaction and Solid Fuels C ontractors Review Conference, September 3- 4, 1997, in Pittsburgh, PA. The paper, "Characterization of Process Stream Samples From Bench- Scale Co -Liquefaction Runs That Utilized Waste Polymers as Feedstocks" was presented at the 214th National Meeting of the Ameri can Chemical Society, September 7- 11, 1997, in Las Vegas, NV. The paper, "Characterization of Process Oils from Coal/ Waste Co- Liquefaction" wa s submitted for presentation at the 14th Japan/ U. S. Joint Technical Meeting on Coa l Liquefaction and Materials for Coal Liquefaction on October 28, 1997, in Tokyo, Japan. A joint Burns and Roe Services Corp. and CONSOL pap er on crude oil assays of product oils from HTI Run PB- 03 was presented at the DOE Coal Liquefaction and Solid Fuel s Contractors Review Conference, September 3- 4, 1997, in Pittsburgh, PA. The paper , "Characterization of Liquid Products from All- Slurry Mode Liquefaction", is appende d (Appendix 3).

  13. Direct liquefaction proof-of-concept program: Bench Run 05 (227-97). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comolli, A.G.; Pradhan, V.R.; Lee, T.L.K.; Karolkiewicz, W.F.; Popper, G.

    1997-04-01

    This report presents the results Bench Run PB-05, conducted under the DOE Proof of Concept - Bench Option Program in direct coal liquefaction at Hydrocarbon Technologies, Inc. in Lawrenceville, New Jersey. Bench Run PB-05 was the fifth of the nine runs planned in the POC Bench Option Contract between the U.S. DOE and included the evaluation of the effect of using dispersed slurry catalyst in direct liquefaction of a high volatile bituminous Illinois No. 6 coal and in combined coprocessing of coal with organic wastes, such as heavy petroleum resid, MSW plastics, and auto-shredder residue. PB-05 employed a two-stage, back-mixed, slurry reactor system with an interstage V/L separator and an in-line fixed-bed hydrotreater. Coprocessing of waste plastics with Illinois No. 6 coal did not result in the improvement observed earlier with a subbituminous coal. In particular, decreases in light gas yield and hydrogen consumption were not observed with Illinois No. 6 coal as they were with Black Thunder Mine coal. The higher thermal severity during PB-05 is a possible reason for this discrepancy, plastics being more sensitive to temperatures (cracking) than either coal or heavy resid. The ASR material was poorer than MSW plastics in terms of increasing conversions and yields. HTI`s new dispersed catalyst formulation, containing phosphorus-promoted iron gel, was highly effective for the direct liquefaction of Illinois No. 6 coal under the reaction conditions employed; over 95% coal conversion was obtained, along with over 85% residuum conversion and over 73% distillate yields.

  14. Equine cytochrome P450 2B6 — Genomic identification, expression and functional characterization with ketamine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, L.M.; Demmel, S.; Pusch, G.; Buters, J.T.M.; Zielinski, J.; Leeb, T.; Mevissen, M.; Schmitz, A.

    2013-01-01

    Ketamine is an anesthetic and analgesic regularly used in veterinary patients. As ketamine is almost always administered in combination with other drugs, interactions between ketamine and other drugs bear the risk of either adverse effects or diminished efficacy. Since cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) play a pivotal role in the phase I metabolism of the majority of all marketed drugs, drug–drug interactions often occur at the active site of these enzymes. CYPs have been thoroughly examined in humans and laboratory animals, but little is known about equine CYPs. The characterization of equine CYPs is essential for a better understanding of drug metabolism in horses. We report annotation, cloning and heterologous expression of the equine CYP2B6 in V79 Chinese hamster fibroblasts. After computational annotation of all CYP2B genes, the coding sequence (CDS) of equine CYP2B6 was amplified by RT-PCR from horse liver total RNA and revealed an amino acid sequence identity of 77% and a similarity of 93.7% to its human ortholog. A non-synonymous variant c.226G>A in exon 2 of the equine CYP2B6 was detected in 97 horses. The mutant A-allele showed an allele frequency of 82%. Two further variants in exon 3 were detected in one and two horses of this group, respectively. Transfected V79 cells were incubated with racemic ketamine and norketamine as probe substrates to determine metabolic activity. The recombinant equine CYP2B6 N-demethylated ketamine to norketamine and produced metabolites of norketamine, such as hydroxylated norketamines and 5,6-dehydronorketamine. V{sub max} for S-/and R-norketamine formation was 0.49 and 0.45 nmol/h/mg cellular protein and K{sub m} was 3.41 and 2.66 ?M, respectively. The N-demethylation of S-/R-ketamine was inhibited concentration-dependently with clopidogrel showing an IC{sub 50} of 5.63 and 6.26 ?M, respectively. The functional importance of the recorded genetic variants remains to be explored. Equine CYP2B6 was determined to be a CYP enzyme involved in ketamine and norketamine metabolism, thus confirming results from inhibition studies with horse liver microsomes. Clopidogrel seems to be a feasible inhibitor for equine CYP2B6. The specificity still needs to be established with other single equine CYPs. Heterologous expression of single equine CYP enzymes opens new possibilities to substantially improve the understanding of drug metabolism and drug interactions in horses. -- Highlights: ? We annotate, express and functionally characterize equine CYP2B6. ? 3 genetic variants within this gene are described. ? Equine CYP2B6 N-demethylates ketamine and metabolizes norketamine. ? Equine CYP2B6 can be inhibited by clopidogrel.

  15. "The Lord Will Provide": The History and Role of Episcopalian Christianity in Nets'aii Gwich'in Social Development--Arctic Village, Alaska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dinero, Steven C.

    2003-03-01

    , Jimmie Peter, Joseph, and Tritt also added a belfry. One elder recalls "they used a two-hand saw to cut the planks for the top. They also used a plane, which they called a 'horse foot,' to smooth out the wood. The belfry top was the only part... was changed, so that the front door now opened to the south, rather than to the north.104 The builders used some of the same logs and parts from the previous building, but the overall appearance was changed when they replaced the round belfry...

  16. Cross sections for singlyprotonated peptides from tryptic digests a residues Assigned sequence b Peptide source c MW d Cross section ( 2 ) e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clemmer, David E.

    sequence b Peptide source c MW d Cross section (Å 2 ) e Number of measurements f 2 AK gludehy_bov 217.28 87.01 1 2 AR lactotrans_bov 245.29 93.79 1 2 EK albu_pig 275.31 97.89 (1.14) 9.74 (1.00) 3 HSA 2 FR canhyd_bov 321.39 111.10 (0.03) 2 2 HK cytc_horse 283.30 98.96 (0

  17. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 25 Number 3 Number 3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1989-11-19

    -yar and log -the· better quality and the less good quality horse: fog rta appears frequently in pell T. 1071 as well as in 1. 2. here. In view of the uncertainty I leave both words untrans­ lated. 4. dkod. For god, "punishment-? 5. 'og-rta, sea note 1... the, objects should also perceive the mind. But this is not so. Most of the beings ,appear in physical form. However in some realms there exists only mind (Skt. Manas, Tib. Yid). Both the mind and body have their own original causes ~Nyer-len...

  18. Extreme adaptations for aquatic ectoparasitism in a Jurassic fly larva

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jun; Wang, Bo; Engel, Michael S.; Wappler, Torsten; Jarzembowski, Edmund A.; Zhang, Haichun; Wang, Xiaoli; Zheng, Xiaoting; Rust, Jes

    2014-06-24

    it lived—its larva has a combination of features that mark it out as a parasitic ancestor of modern water snipe flies. In addition, the well-preserved fossilised larvae used to identify Q. jurassica have some more unusual features. The mouth of Q... of the Athericidae (water snipe flies), a family sister to the more familiar horse flies (Tabanidae). The earliest known Athericidae and Tabanidae (all represented by preserved adults) are from the Early Cretaceous of south- ern England (Mostovski et al., 2003...

  19. Nutritional and Feeding Management of Broodmares 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbs, Pete G.; Potter, Gary D.; Vogelsang, M. M.

    2005-04-13

    well-be ing is an im por tant part of an effective broodmare op er a tion. Broodmares have specifi c nu tri - tion al re quire ments that differ from other class es of horses. There are differences both in the amount of feed mares need... tion relative to the effect of nu tri tion on re pro - duc tive per for mance in mares. It has been clearly shown that mares should be kept in good condition the year round, and es pe cial ly as breed ing season approaches. By check ing...

  20. Texas Fever (Third Report). 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis, M. (Mark)

    1908-01-01

    area, we may do so with a reasonable ,e of safety by having young calves, say 4 to 6 weeks of age, shipped rgress, and, immediately upon arrival, put them on good nurse cows. ,, .l,,s be done during our winter months it is almost always successful... from a ticky pasture. No cattle or other animals should be permitted in it, though there is no great objection to putting it in culiva- tion, if the work stock be horses or mules. No double fence is n ecessar; though it reduces the risk somewhat...

  1. Newsfront 5-18 November 2007, Issue 40

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    , and physical ability, who can energise the democratic base before the Maoists get successful in overwhelming the system and creating a political vacuum which they want to fill. We need a set of leaders who will refuse to act as ‘useful idiots’ at the hands... large key. My sisters-in-law welcomed my parents and aunt back through a decorated archway. Every ritual is celebrated with a feast, and this one was no exception. We had wonderful food and drink, and even a cake decorated with flying horses...

  2. International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards after Iraq - some Austrailian perceptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bardsley, J.; Carlson, J.; Hill, J.

    1994-12-31

    Iraq`s nuclear weapons development program used facilities and nuclear material separate from its safeguarded activities. To detect such a strategy the IAEA`s safeguards inspectors need access to locations and information beyond that foreseen in NPT safeguards agreements. But the IAEA is short of money. And detecting undeclared activities could be expensive. If the IAEA can establish a capability to detect undeclared activities, then it might be able to save on regular safeguards. But it`s important not to put the cart before the horse - effective safeguards must come first, savings second.

  3. The Just-Enough Club

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, William T.

    2008-04-18

    , be astand-in as ome no-ridin prety-boy?s double whenver they nede areal cowboy. And if Iwon me just alitle ls, I?d cash my horse, scrap this rig, and get a regular job. I?d sufer through my forty hours. Then on wekends I?d flour my nuts on the back deck...). Stoeltje blames WI first and then the Depresion for the dmise of the Wild est Show and its econmy. She dscribes the model that initaly replaced it as folws: [T]he production shifted from agroup of contract performers, organized and paid by aproducer, who...

  4. On the introduction of {sup 17}O+p reaction rates evaluated through the THM in AGB nucleosynthesis calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palmerini, S.; Sergi, M. L.; La Cognata, M.; Pizzone, R. G. [I.N.F.N. Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, via Santa Sofia 62, Catania (Italy); Lamia, L.; Spitaleri, C. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universitá degli Studi di Catania (Italy)

    2014-05-09

    The rates for the {sup 17}O(p,??{sup 14}N, {sup 17}O(p,?){sup 18}F and {sup 18}O(p,?){sup 15}N reactions deduced trough the Trojan Horse Method (THM) have been introduced into a state-of-the-art asymptotic giant branch (AGB) models for proton-capture nucleosynthesis and cool bottom process. The predicted abundances have been compared with isotopic compositions provided by geochemical analysis of presolar grains. As a result, an improved agreement is found between the models and the isotopic mix of oxide grains of AGB origins, whose composition is the signature of low-temperature proton-capture nucleosynthesis.

  5. Vice Versa Issue 3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason, Simone

    1982-01-01

    to scare them. But they only laugh. Tr'J to c:=awl aHay, but there is no place to go. Try to tell them. But they do not listen. Hate. Kill. Kill the 'tlatchers. Choke the life from them. And kill Him. ene ?"ho feeds. The one Hho hurts. Hurting... satis:ying. ~he beast had come to town very early that morning, riding behind closed shutters in the ?:z.c:k of a small red-2 .. nd-yellow horse-draHn circus wagon. The wagon was ~ive~, it was more or less ~eliably reported, by the very same man Hho...

  6. A Beggar’s Ride: Tales From Within the Herd 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Katie Laurie

    2012-02-14

    people, early Mormons who crossed the ocean, then the plains?driven by horsepower? looking for a haven, finding themselves in the process. Their journeys all began with a dream, a wish. And just like the old adage said: if wishes were horses... that riding on Sunday was out of the question to our devout Mormon parents?in their minds, it was way too much fun and therefore, breaking the Sabbath?so we waited agitatedly for the next morning. As the most adventurous sibling claiming motorbike...

  7. Feedlot and Carcass Studies of Angora Wethers. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burt, C. R. (Charles Robert); Jones, J. M. (John McKinley); Miller, James Carlton

    1943-01-01

    STICKTIGHT OR SOUTHERN CHICKEN FLEA, 12 GNATS, 3 MOSQUITOES, 13 IIOUSE FLY, 13 LITTLE HOUSE FLY, 14 THE AUTHORS Manning A. Price, Associate Professor, Department of Entomology Philip J. Hamman, Associate Extension Entomologist Weldon H. Newton...~tlutling (logs, cattle, horses, sheep, goats, wolE nntl man. Larvae and nymphs attack birds prin- til)dly, but also are found on small mammals. Llle history and habits. Usually 15,000 to l'r,000 eggs are deposited on surface soil, but occa-

  8. Wild and Scenic Rivers Act | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,WhatUtilityRateNamingHelper JumpWild Horse and Burroand

  9. Wild and Scenic Rivers | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,WhatUtilityRateNamingHelper JumpWild Horse and

  10. Wildcat 1 Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,WhatUtilityRateNamingHelper JumpWild Horse andWildcat 1

  11. Wildcat Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,WhatUtilityRateNamingHelper JumpWild Horse andWildcat

  12. Wildcat Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,WhatUtilityRateNamingHelper JumpWild Horse andWildcatWind

  13. Wilderness | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,WhatUtilityRateNamingHelper JumpWild Horse

  14. Wildlife Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,WhatUtilityRateNamingHelper JumpWild HorseWildlife

  15. Decatur, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) WindGrid Project)AreaDayDead Horse

  16. Clean Energy Markets: We've Got the Innovation and Deployment Cart and

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) chargingWASHINGTON, DC -October 14,ofofHorse

  17. Clean Energy Ministerial Press Fact Sheet | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) chargingWASHINGTON, DC -October 14,ofofHorseOn July

  18. Clean Energy and Innovation | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) chargingWASHINGTON, DC -October 14,ofofHorseOn

  19. Clean Fleets Announcement | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) chargingWASHINGTON, DC -October 14,ofofHorseOnClean

  20. Institutional Computing Executive Group Review of Multi-programmatic & Institutional Computing, Fiscal Year 2005 and 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langer, S; Rotman, D; Schwegler, E; Folta, P; Gee, R; White, D

    2006-12-18

    The Institutional Computing Executive Group (ICEG) review of FY05-06 Multiprogrammatic and Institutional Computing (M and IC) activities is presented in the attached report. In summary, we find that the M and IC staff does an outstanding job of acquiring and supporting a wide range of institutional computing resources to meet the programmatic and scientific goals of LLNL. The responsiveness and high quality of support given to users and the programs investing in M and IC reflects the dedication and skill of the M and IC staff. M and IC has successfully managed serial capacity, parallel capacity, and capability computing resources. Serial capacity computing supports a wide range of scientific projects which require access to a few high performance processors within a shared memory computer. Parallel capacity computing supports scientific projects that require a moderate number of processors (up to roughly 1000) on a parallel computer. Capability computing supports parallel jobs that push the limits of simulation science. M and IC has worked closely with Stockpile Stewardship, and together they have made LLNL a premier institution for computational and simulation science. Such a standing is vital to the continued success of laboratory science programs and to the recruitment and retention of top scientists. This report provides recommendations to build on M and IC's accomplishments and improve simulation capabilities at LLNL. We recommend that institution fully fund (1) operation of the atlas cluster purchased in FY06 to support a few large projects; (2) operation of the thunder and zeus clusters to enable 'mid-range' parallel capacity simulations during normal operation and a limited number of large simulations during dedicated application time; (3) operation of the new yana cluster to support a wide range of serial capacity simulations; (4) improvements to the reliability and performance of the Lustre parallel file system; (5) support for the new GDO petabyte-class storage facility on the green network for use in data intensive external collaborations; and (6) continued support for visualization and other methods for analyzing large simulations. We also recommend that M and IC begin planning in FY07 for the next upgrade of its parallel clusters. LLNL investments in M and IC have resulted in a world-class simulation capability leading to innovative science. We thank the LLNL management for its continued support and thank the M and IC staff for its vision and dedicated efforts to make it all happen.

  1. Taming the Wild World of Management, Performance and Communication - 13459

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, Laurie [Critical Path Consultants, 3101 Splitrock Road, Columbus Ohio 43221 (United States)] [Critical Path Consultants, 3101 Splitrock Road, Columbus Ohio 43221 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Management has evolved a long way from its original meaning of 'governing a horse'. The industrial revolution fostered 'scientific management'; 1930's Hawthorne studies discovered that people's social interactions could alter productivity; and the dawn of the computer age in the post-war 1950's brought general systems theory into management thinking. Today, mobile wireless connectivity aims to transform ever-changing networks of players, mandates, and markets into something that can be 'managed'. So why is there no clear and simple recipe for how to practice management? We talk about financial management, safety management, and operations management, but surely the 'management' part of those endeavors will share the same set of practices. Instead, we are still arguing for 'management' to include everything from developing people to negotiating contracts. A manager's job may include many things, but one of them, the job of management, needs to be nailed down. Three standard practices for managing in a network are developed: (a) support the dialogues that connect people vital to accomplishing a goal or objective; (b) develop and sustain the scoreboards that serve as a road-map to reach the goal; and (c) control the feedback to 'govern the horse'. These three practices are useful for more than reaching goals, as they also support coordinating across boundaries and running productive meetings. The dialogues for productive relationships, scoreboards for goals and deliverables, and feedback for performance together constitute a recipe for managing in a networked world. (authors)

  2. Presumable European aurorae in the mid AD 770s were halo displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuhaeuser, Dagmar

    2015-01-01

    The interpretation of the strong 14-C variation around AD 775 as one (or several) solar super-flare(s) by, e.g., Usoskin et al. (2013) is based on alleged aurora sightings in the mid AD 770s in Europe: A "red cross/crucifix" in AD 773/4/6 from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, "inflamed shields" in AD 776 (both listed in the aurora catalogue of Link 1962), and "riders on white horses" in AD 773 (newly proposed as aurora in Usoskin et al. 2013), the two latter from the Royal Frankish Annals. We discuss the reports about these three sightings in detail here. We can show that all three were halo displays: The "red cross" or "crucifix" is formed by the horizontal arc and a vertical pillar of light (either with the Sun during sunset or with the moon after sunset); the "inflamed shields" and the "riders on white horses" were both two mock suns, especially the latter narrated in form of a Christian adaptation of the antique dioscuri motive. While the latter event took place early in AD 774 (dated AD 773 in Usoskin et al. 2...

  3. Beyond the detergent effect: a binding site for sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in mammalian apoferritin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Renyu Bu, Weiming; Xi, Jin; Mortazavi, Shirin R.; Cheung-Lau, Jasmina C.; Dmochowski, Ivan J.; Loll, Patrick J.

    2012-05-01

    Using X-ray crystallography and isothermal titration calorimetry, we show that sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) binds specifically to a pre-formed internal cavity in horse-spleen apoferritin. Although sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is widely used as an anionic detergent, it can also exert specific pharmacological effects that are independent of the surfactant properties of the molecule. However, structural details of how proteins recognize SDS are scarce. Here, it is demonstrated that SDS binds specifically to a naturally occurring four-helix bundle protein: horse apoferritin. The X-ray crystal structure of the apoferritin–SDS complex was determined at a resolution of 1.9 Å and revealed that the SDS binds in an internal cavity that has previously been shown to recognize various general anesthetics. A dissociation constant of 24 ± 9 µM at 293 K was determined by isothermal titration calorimetry. SDS binds in this cavity by bending its alkyl tail into a horseshoe shape; the charged SDS head group lies in the opening of the cavity at the protein surface. This crystal structure provides insights into the protein–SDS interactions that give rise to binding and may prove useful in the design of novel SDS-like ligands for some proteins.

  4. Standard Guide for Irradiation of Pre-packaged Processed Meat and Poultry Products to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2005-01-01

    1.1 This guide outlines procedures for the irradiation of pre-packaged refrigerated and frozen processed meat and poultry products. Note 1—The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines "meat" (including poultry and game) as "the edible part of any mammal slaughtered in an abattoir," and "poultry meat" as "the edible part of slaughtered domesticated birds, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons." (CAC/RCP 13-1976) Note 2—Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This guide addresses all refrigerated and frozen meat and poultry products NOT covered by Guide F 1356. 1.3 This guide provides information regarding absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load. Such doses are typically less than 10 kilogray (kGy).

  5. A New Gated X-Ray Detector for the Orion Laser Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, David D.; Aragonez, Robert J.; Archuleta, Thomas N.; Fatherley, Valerie E.; Hsu, Albert H.; Jorgenson, H. J.; Mares, Danielle; Oertel, John A.; Oades, Kevin; Kemshall, Paul; Thomas, Philip; Young, Trevor; Pederson, Neal

    2012-08-08

    Gated X-Ray Detectors (GXD) are considered the work-horse target diagnostic of the laser based inertial confinement fusion (ICF) program. Recently, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has constructed three new GXDs for the Orion laser facility at the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) in the United Kingdom. What sets these three new instruments apart from the what has previously been constructed for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is: improvements in detector head microwave transmission lines, solid state embedded hard drive and updated control software, and lighter air box design and other incremental mechanical improvements. In this paper we will present the latest GXD design enhancements and sample calibration data taken on the Trident laser facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory using the newly constructed instruments.

  6. Perceptions on what Influences Writing in Agricultural Journalism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilburn, Misty B.

    2011-02-22

    Respondents Cattlenetwork.com R6 CDC.gov R7 CNN.com R31, R37, R43 20 Table 2. Continued Web sites Respondent Drudgereport.com R8 Economist.com R16 ESPN.go.com R34 Foxnews.com R6, R23, R31, R32 Google.com R7 TheHorse.com R5, R6... Landolakesinc.com R21 Money.MSN.com R29 Msnbc.com R5 News.Google.com R2 Sciencedaily.com R7 USDA.gov R7 Wikipedia.org R7 Yahoo.com R19, R21, R23 Textbooks Respondents Animal Anatomy R5 Associated Press Stylebook R35 Communications Law R35...

  7. The Wanlass Polyphase Rotating Magnetic Device in Electric Motor and Induction Generator Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asp, D. E.

    1984-01-01

    . The machIne "n question is a Westinghouse 300 horse~ower 460 volt four Dole device. The motor wa" ested utilizing the IEEE 112 method B ot"'ocedure. The motor was then remanufactured to the Wanlass desicn an~ t~e~ re este u51l'"g .he same cest...'J.t'e ..} This .o1t' hart snc,ws the oet~foY'rl'a ICE! characterist ics Ql'"rIV at the f'J 1 :. l,:,aa II:j i "'1'(, l~i th t he sel f-':Jpt imiziy,g feature of thl= war,l""ss r,l I J't c?t' Imp","'ctved pet' f':Jr'n'dnce she? .\\ 1G be evioE!l'"It tnr...

  8. Indian Reservations in Kansas and the Extinguishment of Their Title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abel, Annie Heloise

    1900-01-01

    t o determine was the e x a c t locat ion of the or ig inal " o l d White Hair v i l l a g e , " the place designated in the Osage treaty of June 2, 1825, as t h e starting-point for the described boundary of their reservation, and from w h i c h... House for a while, ran a stock farm, traded horses, and indulged in poli ­ tics. In the H a m m o n d revival, in 1871, he " experienced a change of heart , " and returned t o t h e ministry. H e was a candidate for the United States senate in^l867...

  9. Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Enzymes on Carbon Nanotubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jun; Liu, Guodong; Lin, Yuehe

    2008-06-01

    The use of Layer-by-layer techniques for immobilizing several types of enzymes, e.g. glucose oxidase (GOx), horse radish oxidases(HRP), and choline oxidase(CHO) on carbon nanotubes and their applications for biosenseing are presented. The enzyme is immobilized on the negatively charged CNT surface by alternatively assembling a cationic polydiallyldimethyl-ammonium chloride (PDDA) layer and a enzyme layer. The sandwich-like layer structure (PDDA/enzyme/PDDA/CNT) formed by electrostatic assembling provides a favorable microenvironment to keep the bioactivity of enzyme and to prevent enzyme molecule leakage. The morphologies and electrocatalytic acitivity of the resulted enzyme film were characterized using TEM and electrochemical techniques, respectively. It was found that these enzyme-based biosensors are very sensitive, selective for detection of biomolecules, e.g. glucose, choline.

  10. Photo-dissociation quantum yields of mammalian oxyhemoglobin investigated by a nanosecond laser technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang Ningli [Laboratory of Modern Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zhang Shuyi [Laboratory of Modern Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)]. E-mail: zhangsy@nju.edu.cn; Kuo Paokuang [Laboratory of Modern Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Qu Min [Laboratory of Modern Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Fang Jianwen [Department of Physics, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004 (China); Li Jiahuang [Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Hua Zichun [Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2007-02-23

    The photo-dissociations of oxyhemoglobin of several mammals, such as human, bovine, pig, horse, and rabbit, have been studied. By means of optical pump-probe technique, the quantum yields for photo-dissociation of these oxyhemoglobin have been determined at pH 7 and 20 {sup o}C. A nanosecond laser at 532 nm is used as the pumping source, and a xenon lamp through a monochrometer provides a probe light at 432 nm. The experimental results show that the quantum yields of these mammalian oxyhemoglobin are different from each other, especially for that of rabbit. By analyzing the amino acid sequences and tetramer structures as well as the flexibility and hydrophobicity of the different hemoglobin, possible explanations for the differences are proposed.

  11. Interim Columbia and Snake rivers flow improvement measures for salmon: Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-01

    Public comments are sought on this final SEIS, which supplements the 1992 Columbia River Salmon Flow Measures Options Analysis (OA)/Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The Corps of Engineers, in cooperation with the Bonneville Power Administration and the Bureau of Reclamation proposes five alternatives to improve flows of water in the lower Columbia-Snake rivers in 1993 and future years to assist the migration of juvenile and adult anadromous fish past eight hydropower dams. These are: (1) Without Project (no action) Alternative, (2) the 1992 Operation, (3) the 1992 Operation with Libby/Hungry Horse Sensitivity, (4) a Modified 1992 Operation with Improvements to Salmon Flows from Dworshak, and (5) a Modified 1992 Operation with Upper Snake Sensitivity. Alternative 4, Modified 1992 Operations, has been identified as the preferred alternative.

  12. Evolution of the Roycean Philosophy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parisho, Eli Harris

    1909-01-01

    and the Individual. If. fioy c ©7 -!-"r - - v <—Conception of God. Introduction. I D E A L I S M , The thought that unity runs through a l l experience. The doctrine of Idealism i s usually thought of as beginning with Plato, " The term ideas was older than... answering his f a i r idea' 1 1. (Oyp.) As i t i s with abstract q u a l i t i e s , so i t i s with individual things, f(name) A horse, a dog, a person, i s perfect only as he approaches these ideal forms that exist outside of each i n d i v i d u a l...

  13. Suppression of the centrifugal barrier effects in the off-energy-shell neutron+$^{17}$O interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Gulino; C. Spitaleri; X. D. Tang; G. L. Guardo; L. Lamia; S. Cherubini; B. Bucher; V. Burjan; M. Couder; P. Davies; R. deBoer; X. Fang; V. Z. Goldberg; Z. Hons; V. Kroha; L. Lamm; M. La Cognata; C. Li; C. Ma; J. Mrazek; A. M. Mukhamedzhanov; M. Notani; S. OBrien; R. G. Pizzone; G. G. Rapisarda; D. Roberson; M. L. Sergi; W. Tan; I. . J. Thompson; M. Wiescher

    2012-12-11

    The reaction $^{17}$O($n,\\alpha$)$^{14}$C was studied at energies from $E_{cm}=0$ to $E_{cm}=350$ keV using the quasi-free deuteron break-up in the three body reaction $^{17}$O$+d \\rightarrow \\alpha+ ^{14}$C$+p$, extending the Trojan Horse indirect method (THM) to neutron-induced reactions. It is found that the $^{18}$O excited state at $E^*=8.125 \\pm 0.002$ MeV observed in THM experiments is absent in the direct measurement because of its high centrifugal barrier. The angular distributions of the populated resonances have been measured for the first time. The results unambiguously indicate the ability of the THM to overcome the centrifugal barrier suppression effect and to pick out the contribution of the bare nuclear interaction.

  14. The earliest events in protein folding: Helix dynamics in proteins and model peptides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dyer, R.B.; Williams, S.; Woodruff, W.H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    The earliest events in protein folding are critically important in determining the folding pathway, but have proved difficult to study by conventional approaches. We have developed new rapid initiation methods and structure-specific probes to interrogate the earliest events of protein folding. Our focus is the pathways. Folding or unfolding reactions are initiated on a fast timescale (10 ns) using a laser induced temperature jump (15 C) and probed with time-resolved infrared spectroscopy. We obtained the kinetics of the helix-coil transition for a model 21-residue peptide. The observed rate constant k{sub obs} = k{sub f} + k{sub u} for reversible kinetics; from the observed rate (6 x 10{sup 6} s{sup -1}) and the equilibrium constant favoring folding of 7.5 at 27 C, we calculate a folding lifetime of 180 ns and an unfolding lifetime of 1.4 {mu}s. The {open_quotes}molten globule{close_quotes} form of apomyoglobin (horse, pH*3, 0.15M NaCl) shows similar kinetics for helix that is unconstrained by tertiary structure (helix with an unusually low Amide I frequency, near 1633 cm{sup -1}). In {open_quotes}native{close_quotes} apomyoglobin (horse, pH*5.3, 10 mM NaCl) two very different rates (45 ns and 70 {mu}s) are observed and we infer that a third occurs on a timescales inaccessible to our experiment (> 1 ms). We suggest that the slower processes are due to helix formation that is rate-limited by the formation of tertiary structure.

  15. 2012 SARA Students Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briccetti, Angelo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lorei, Nathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yonkings, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lorio, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goorley, John T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sood, Avneet [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-30

    The Service Academy Research Associates (SARA) program provides an opportunity for Midshipmen and Cadets from US Service Academies to participate in research at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and Sandia National Laboratory for several weeks during the summer as part of their summer training assignments. During the summer of 2012, three Midshipmen were assigned to work with the XCP Division at LANL for approximately 5-6 weeks. As one of the nation's top national security science laboratories, LANL stretches across 36 square miles, has over 2,100 facilities, and employs over 9,000 individuals including a significant number of students and postdocs. LANL's mission is to 'apply science and technology to: ensure the safety, security, and reliability of the US nuclear deterrent, reduce global threats, and solve other emerging national security challenges.' While LANL officially operates under the US Department of Energy (DoE), fulfilling this mission requires mutual cooperation with the US Department of Defense (DoD) as well. LANL's high concentration of knowledge and experience provides interns a chance to perform research in many disciplines, and its connection with the DoD in both operation and personnel gives SARA students insight to career possibilities both during and after military service. SARA students have plenty of opportunity to enjoy hiking, camping, the Los Alamos YMCA, and many other outdoor activities in New Mexico while staying at the Buffalo Thunder Resort, located 20 miles east of the lab. XCP Division is the Computational Physics division of LANL's Weapons Department. Working with XCP Division requires individuals to be Q cleared by the DoE. This means it is significantly more convenient for SARA students to be assigned to XCP Division than their civilian counterparts as the DoD CNWDI clearance held by SARA students is easily transferred to the lab prior to the students arriving at the start of the summer. SARA students working with XCP Division were given a comprehensive introduction into nuclear engineering and physics, nuclear weapons, and radiation transport and detection via texts and lectures at various classification levels. Students also attended tours of several prominent facilities at LANL including TA-41 Ice House, TA-55 PF-4 plutonium facility, the Nicholas C. Metropolis Center for Modeling and Simulation, also known as the Secure Computing Center (SCC), and the Dual-Axis Radiological Hydro Test (DARHT) facility; in addition, SARA students accompanied by LANL staff traveled to Minot AFB in North Dakota for tours of the 5th Bomb Wing and 91st Missile Wing facilities. Students participated in a week long class on the Monte Carlo N Particle (MCNP) code to supplement their understanding of radiation transport simulations. SARA students were then tasked with using this knowledge to model radiation detectors and use MCNP to compare their models to experimental data and previously accepted models.

  16. Secure & Restore Critical Fisheries Habitat, Flathead Subbasin, FY2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DuCharme, Lynn; Tohtz, Joel

    2008-11-12

    The construction of Hungry Horse Dam inundated 125 km of adfluvial trout habitat in the South Fork of the Flathead River and its tributaries, impacting natural fish reproduction and rearing. Rapid residential and commercial growth in the Flathead Watershed now threaten the best remaining habitats and restrict our opportunities to offset natural resource losses. Hydropower development and other land disturbances caused severe declines in the range and abundance of our focal resident fish species, bull trout and westslope cutthroat trout. Bull trout were listed as threatened in 1998 under the Endangered Species Act and westslope cutthroat were petitioned for listing under ESA. Westslope cutthroat are a species of special concern in Montana and a species of special consideration by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes. The Secure & Protect Fisheries Habitat project follows the logical progression towards habitat restoration outlined in the Hungry Horse Dam Fisheries Mitigation Implementation Plan approved by the NWPPC in 1993. This project is also consistent with the 2000 Fish and Wildlife Program and the Flathead River Subbasin Plan that identifies the protection of habitats for these populations as one of the most critical needs in the subbasin and directs actions to offset habitat losses. The Flathead basin is one of the fastest growing human population centers in Montana. Riparian habitats are being rapidly developed and subdivided, causing habitat degradation and altering ecosystem functions. Remaining critical habitats in the Flathead Watershed need to be purchased or protected with conservation easements if westslope cutthroat and bull trout are to persist and expand within the subbasin. In addition, habitats degraded by past land uses need to be restored to maximize the value of remaining habitats and offset losses caused by the construction of Hungry Horse Dam. Securing and restoring remaining riparian habitat will benefit fish by shading and moderating water temperatures, stabilizing banks and protecting the integrity of channel dimension, improving woody debris recruitment for in-channel habitat features, producing terrestrial insects and leaf litter for recruitment to the stream, and helping to accommodate and attenuate flood flows. The purpose of this project is to work with willing landowners to protect the best remaining habitats in the Flathead subbasin as identified in the Flathead River Subbasin Plan. The target areas for land protection activities follow the priorities established in the Flathead subbasin plan and include: (1) Class 1 waters as identified in the Flathead River Subbasin Plan; (2) Class 2 watersheds as identified in the Flathead River Subbasin Plan; and (3) 'Offsite mitigation' defined as those Class 1 and Class 2 watersheds that lack connectivity to the mainstem Flathead River or Flathead Lake. This program focuses on conserving the highest quality or most important riparian or fisheries habitat areas consistent with program criteria. The success of our efforts is subject to a property's actual availability and individual landowner negotiations. The program is guided using biological and project-based criteria that reflect not only the priority needs established in the Flathead subbasin plan, but also such factors as cost, credits, threats, and partners. The implementation of this project requires both an expense and a capital budget to allow work to be completed. This report addresses accomplishments under both budgets during FY08 as the two budgets are interrelated. The expense budget provided pre-acquisition funding to conduct activities such as surveys, appraisals, staff support, etc. The capital budget was used to purchase the interest in each parcel including closing costs. Both the pre-acquisition contract funds and the capital funds used to purchase fee title or conservation easements were spent in accordance with the terms negotiated within the FY08 through FY09 MOA between the Tribes, State, and BPA. In FY08, the focus of this project was to pursue all possible properties

  17. Flathead River Focus Watershed Coordinator, 2005-2006 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DuCharme, Lynn

    2006-05-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has long been involved with funding of the Cooperative Habitat Protection and Improvement with Private Landowners program in accordance with the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NPPC) Fish & Wildlife Program (Section 7.7). Section 7.7B.1 requires the establishment of ''at least one model watershed coordinator selected by each representative state''. This project was initiated in 1997 with the purpose of fulfilling the NWPCC's watershed program within the Flathead River basin in western Montana. Currently, the Flathead watershed has been radically altered by hydropower and other land uses. With the construction of Hungry Horse, Bigfork and Kerr dams, the Flathead River system has been divided into isolated populations. Bull trout have been listed as threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and westslope cutthroat trout have been petitioned for listing. Many streams in the drainage have been destabilized during recent decades. Past legal and illegal species introductions are also causing problems. This project fosters in-kind, out-of-place mitigation to offset the impacts of hydroelectric power to 72 miles of the South Fork of the Flathead River and its tributaries upstream of Hungry Horse Dam. Key subbasins within the Flathead drainage, which are critical to native species restoration, are experiencing rapid changes in land ownership and management direction. Subdivision and residential development of agricultural and timber lands adjacent to waterways in the drainage pose one of the greatest threats to weak but recoverable stocks of trout species. Plum Creek Timber Company, a major landholder in the Flathead drainage is currently divesting itself of large tracks of its lakeshore and streamside holdings. Growth of small tract development throughout the area and its tributaries is occurring at a record rate. Immediate to short-term action is required to protect stream corridors through many of these areas if cost-effective recovery efforts are to be implemented. In order to adequately address the issues, other segments of society and other (non-BPA) funding sources must be incorporated into the solution. As stated in the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program (section 7.7), ''Comprehensive watershed management should enhance and expedite implementation of actions by clearly identifying gaps in programs and knowledge, by striving over time to resolve conflicts, and by keying on activities that address priorities''. A watershed coordinator helps to initiate and facilitate efforts for addressing the issues mentioned above and pulling together a plan for mitigation. Local support is essential before local governments and individual citizens are going to allow government initiatives to be implemented.

  18. Flathead River Focus Watershed Coordinator, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DuCharme, Lynn

    2006-06-26

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has long been involved with funding of the Cooperative Habitat Protection and Improvement with Private Landowners program in accordance with the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NPPC) Fish & Wildlife Program (Section 7.7). Section 7.7B.1 requires the establishment of ''at least one model watershed coordinator selected by each representative state''. This project was initiated in 1997 with the purpose of fulfilling the NWPCC's watershed program within the Flathead River basin in western Montana. Currently, the Flathead watershed has been radically altered by hydropower and other land uses. With the construction of Hungry Horse, Bigfork and Kerr dams, the Flathead River system has been divided into isolated populations. Bull trout have been listed as threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and westslope cutthroat trout have been petitioned for listing. Many streams in the drainage have been destabilized during recent decades. Past legal and illegal species introductions are also causing problems. This project fosters in-kind, out-of-place mitigation to offset the impacts of hydroelectric power to 72 miles of the South Fork of the Flathead River and its tributaries upstream of Hungry Horse Dam. Key subbasins within the Flathead drainage, which are critical to native species restoration, are experiencing rapid changes in land ownership and management direction. Subdivision and residential development of agricultural and timber lands adjacent to waterways in the drainage pose one of the greatest threats to weak but recoverable stocks of trout species. Plum Creek Timber Company, a major landholder in the Flathead drainage is currently divesting itself of large tracks of its lakeshore and streamside holdings. Growth of small tract development throughout the area and its tributaries is occurring at a record rate. Immediate to short-term action is required to protect stream corridors through many of these areas if cost-effective recovery efforts are to be implemented. In order to adequately address the issues, other segments of society and other (non-BPA) funding sources must be incorporated into the solution. As stated in the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program (section 7.7), ''Comprehensive watershed management should enhance and expedite implementation of actions by clearly identifying gaps in programs and knowledge, by striving over time to resolve conflicts, and by keying on activities that address priorities''. A watershed coordinator helps to initiate and facilitate efforts for addressing the issues mentioned above and pulling together a plan for mitigation. Local support is essential before local governments and individual citizens are going to allow government initiatives to be implemented.

  19. Flathead River Focus Watershed Coordinator, 2003-2004 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DuCharme, Lynn

    2004-06-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has long been involved with funding of the Cooperative Habitat Protection and Improvement with Private Landowners program in accordance with the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NPPC) Fish & Wildlife Program (Section 7.7). Section 7.7B.1 requires the establishment of ''at least one model watershed coordinator selected by each representative state''. This project was initiated in 1997 with the purpose of fulfilling the NWPCC's watershed program within the Flathead River basin in western Montana. Currently, the Flathead watershed has been radically altered by hydropower and other land uses. With the construction of Hungry Horse, Bigfork and Kerr dams, the Flathead River system has been divided into isolated populations. Bull trout have been listed as threatened by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and westslope cutthroat trout have been petitioned for listing. Many streams in the drainage have been destabilized during recent decades. Past legal and illegal species introductions are also causing problems. This project fosters in-kind, out-of-place mitigation to offset the impacts of hydroelectric power to 72 miles of the South Fork of the Flathead River and its tributaries upstream of Hungry Horse Dam. Key subbasins within the Flathead drainage, which are critical to native species restoration, are experiencing rapid changes in land ownership and management direction. Subdivision and residential development of agricultural and timber lands adjacent to waterways in the drainage pose one of the greatest threats to weak but recoverable stocks of trout species. Plum Creek Timber Company, a major landholder in the Flathead drainage is currently divesting itself of large tracks of its lakeshore and streamside holdings. Growth of small tract development throughout the area and its tributaries is occurring at a record rate. Immediate to short-term action is required to protect stream corridors through many of these areas if cost-effective recovery efforts are to be implemented. In order to adequately address the issues, other segments of society and other (non-BPA) funding sources must be incorporated into the solution. As stated in the 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program (section 7.7), ''Comprehensive watershed management should enhance and expedite implementation of actions by clearly identifying gaps in programs and knowledge, by striving over time to resolve conflicts, and by keying on activities that address priorities''. A watershed coordinator helps to initiate and facilitate efforts for addressing the issues mentioned above and pulling together a plan for mitigation. Local support is essential before local governments and individual citizens are going to allow government initiatives to be implemented.

  20. Evaluation of the Biological Effects of the Northwest Power Conservation Council's Mainstem Amendment on the Fisheries Upstream and Downstream of Libby Dam, Montana, 2007-2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sylvester, Ryan; Stephens, Brian; Tohtz, Joel

    2009-04-03

    A new project began in 2005 to monitor the biological and physical effects of improved operations of Hungry Horse and Libby Dams, Montana, called for by the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (NPCC) Mainstem Amendment. This operating strategy was designed to benefit resident fish impacted by hydropower and flood control operations. Under the new operating guidelines, July through September reservoir drafts will be limited to 10 feet from full pool during the highest 80% of water supply years and 20 feet from full pool during the lowest 20% of water supply (drought) years. Limits were also established on how rapidly discharge from the dams can be increased or decreased depending on the season. The NPCC also directed the federal agencies that operate Libby and Hungry Horse Dams to implement a new flood control strategy (VARQ) and directed Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks to evaluate biological responses to this operating strategy. The Mainstem Amendment operating strategy has not been fully implemented at the Montana dams as of June 2008 but the strategy will be implemented in 2009. This report highlights the monitoring methods used to monitor the effects of the Mainstem Amendment operations on fishes, habitat, and aquatic invertebrates upstream and downstream of Libby Dam. We also present initial assessments of data and the effects of various operating strategies on physical and biological components of the systems upstream and downstream of Libby Dam. Annual electrofishing surveys in the Kootenai River and selected tributaries, along with gill net surveys in the reservoir, are being used to quantify the impacts of dam operations on fish populations upstream and downstream of Libby Dam. Scales and otoliths are being used to determine the age structure and growth of focal species. Annual population estimates and tagging experiments provide estimates of survival and growth in the mainstem Kootenai River and selected tributaries. Radio telemetry will be used to validate an existing Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM) model developed for the Kootenai River and will also be used to assess the effect of changes in discharge on fish movements and habitat use downstream of Libby Dam. Passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags will be injected into rainbow, bull, and cutthroat trout throughout the mainstem Kootenai River and selected tributaries to provide information on growth, survival, and migration patterns in relation to abiotic and biotic variables. Model simulations (RIVBIO) are used to calculate the effects of dam operations on the wetted perimeter and benthic biomass in the Kootenai River below Libby Dam. Additional models (IFIM) will also be used to evaluate the impacts of dam operations on the amount of available habitat for different life stages of rainbow and bull trout in the Kootenai River.

  1. Standard Practice for Irradiation of Fresh and Frozen Red Meat and Poultry to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This practice outlines procedures for the irradiation of fresh or frozen meat and poultry. Note 1—The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines meat as “the edible part of any mammal” and poultry as “any domesticated bird, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons” (CAC/MISC 5). Note 2—Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This practice covers absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load in fresh and frozen red meat and poultry. Such doses are typically less than 10 kGy. 1.3 This practice addresses irradiation of pre-packaged product for retail sale or for use as an ingredient in other products. It also addresses the in-line irradiation of unpackaged product. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It i...

  2. Plasma Measurements: An Overview of Requirements and Status

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenneth M. Young

    2008-01-04

    This paper introduces this special issue on plasma diagnostics for magnetic fusion devices. Its primary purpose is to relate the measurements of plasma parameters to the physics challenges to be faced on operating and planned devices, and also to identify the diagnostic techniques that are used to make these measurements. The specific physics involved in the application of the techniques will be addressed in subsequent chapters. This chapter is biased toward measurements for tokamaks because of their proximity to the burning plasma frontier, and to set the scene for the development work associated with ITER. Hence, there is some emphasis on measurements for alpha-physics studies and the needs for plasma measurements as input to actuators to control the plasma, both for optimizing the device performance and for protection of the surrounding material. The very different approach to the engineering of diagnostics for a burning plasma is considered, emphasizing the needs for new calibration ideas, reliability and hardness against, and compatibility with, radiation. New ideas take a long time to be converted into "work-horse" sophisticated diagnostics so that investment in new developments is essential for ITER, particularly for the measurement of alpha-particles.

  3. First Quarter Hanford Seismic Report for Fiscal Year 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rohay, Alan C.; Sweeney, Mark D.; Clayton, Ray E.; Devary, Joseph L.

    2011-03-31

    The Hanford Seismic Assessment Program (HSAP) provides an uninterrupted collection of high-quality raw and processed seismic data from the Hanford Seismic Network for the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors. The HSAP is responsible for locating and identifying sources of seismic activity and monitoring changes in the historical pattern of seismic activity at the Hanford Site. The data are compiled, archived, and published for use by the Hanford Site for waste management, natural phenomena hazards assessments, and engineering design and construction. In addition, the HSAP works with the Hanford Site Emergency Services Organization to provide assistance in the event of a significant earthquake on the Hanford Site. The Hanford Seismic Network and the Eastern Washington Regional Network consist of 44 individual sensor sites and 15 radio relay sites maintained by the Hanford Seismic Assessment Team. The Hanford Seismic Network recorded 16 local earthquakes during the first quarter of FY 2011. Six earthquakes were located at shallow depths (less than 4 km), seven earthquakes at intermediate depths (between 4 and 9 km), most likely in the pre-basalt sediments, and three earthquakes were located at depths greater than 9 km, within the basement. Geographically, thirteen earthquakes were located in known swarm areas and three earthquakes were classified as random events. The highest magnitude event (1.8 Mc) was recorded on October 19, 2010 at depth 17.5 km with epicenter located near the Yakima River between the Rattlesnake Mountain and Horse Heaven Hills swarm areas.

  4. Ground-water data for 1990--91 and ground-water withdrawals for 1951--91, Nevada Test Site and vicinity, Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, D.B.; Reiner, S.R.

    1996-12-31

    This report presents selected ground-water data collected from wells and test holes at and in the vicinity of the Nevada Test Site. Depth-to-water measurements were made at 74 sites at and in the vicinity of the Nevada Test Site during water years 1990--91. Measured depths to water ranged from 301 to 2,215 feet below land surface and measured altitudes of the ground-water surface at the Nevada Test Site ranged from 2,091 to 6,083 feet above sea level. Depth-to-water measurements were obtained by a combination of wire-line, electric-tape, iron-horse, and steel-tape methods. Available historic withdrawal and depth-to-water data for ground-water supply wells have been included to show changes through time. Water samples were collected and analyzed for tritium concentrations at 15 sites during water years 1990--91. Tritium concentrations in bailed water samples ranged from below detection limits to 5,550,000 picocuries per liter. Tritium concentrations in samples from three wells exceeded drinking water standards established by the US Environmental Protection Agency. All three wells are separate piezometers contained within a single test hole near an area of extensive underground nuclear testing.

  5. Rape oil methyl ester (RME) and used cooking oil methyl ester (UOME) as alternative fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hohl, G.H.

    1995-12-31

    The author presents a review about the fleet tests carried out by the Austrian Armed Forces concerning the practical application of a vegetable oil, i.e Rape Oil Methyl Ester (RME) and Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester (UOME) as alternative fuels for vehicles under military conditions, and reviews other research results carried out in Austria. As a result of over-production in Western European agriculture, the increase in crop yields has led to tremendous surpluses. Alternative agricultural products have been sought. One alternative can be seen in biological fuel production for tractors, whereby the farmer is able to produce his own fuel supply as was the case when he previously provided self-made feed for his horses. For the market introduction different activities were necessary. A considerable number of institutes and organizations including the Austrian Armed Forces have investigated, tested and developed these alternative fuels. The increasing disposal problems of used cooking oil have initiated considerations for its use. The recycling of this otherwise waste product, and its preparation for use as an alternative fuel to diesel oil, seems to be most promising.

  6. On the horseshoe drag of a low-mass planet. I - Migration in isothermal disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casoli, J

    2009-01-01

    We investigate the unsaturated horseshoe drag exerted on a low-mass planet by an isothermal gaseous disk. In the globally isothermal case, we use a formal- ism, based on the use of a Bernoulli invariant, that takes into account pressure effects, and that extends the torque estimate to a region wider than the horse- shoe region. We find a result that is strictly identical to the standard horseshoe drag. This shows that the horseshoe drag accounts for the torque of the whole corotation region, and not only of the horseshoe region, thereby deserving to be called corotation torque. We find that evanescent waves launched downstream of the horseshoe U-turns by the perturbations of vortensity exert a feed-back on the upstream region, that render the horseshoe region asymmetric. This asymmetry scales with the vortensity gradient and with the disk's aspect ratio. It does not depend on the planetary mass, and it does not have any impact on the horseshoe drag. Since the horseshoe drag has a steep dependence on the width...

  7. Effects of Water Levels on Productivity of Canada Geese in the Northern Flathead Valley, 1984 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casey, Daniel

    1985-02-01

    Operation of Hungry Horse Dam on the South Fork Flathead River causes sporadic level fluctuations along the main stem Flathead River. Seasonal water level fluctuations and substantial habitat losses have occurred as a result of construction and operation of Kerr Dam, which regulates Flathead Lake. These fluctuations may impact goose populations through flooding or erosion of nesting and brood-rearing habitats, and increased susceptibility of nests and young to predation. The number, location, and success of goose nests were determined through pair surveys and nest searches. Counts of indicated pairs suggest there were 73-125 occupied nests in the study area; 44 were located in 1984. Twenty were island ground nests, 19 were tree nests, and 5 were on man-made structures. Hatching success was 76 percent. Sixty-one percent of all nests were in deciduous forest habitat; 87 percent were on riparian bench or island landforms. Seventy-four percent of all nests were within 5 m of the seasonal high water mark (HWM) and 85 percent of ground nests were 1 m or less above the HWM. Production, habitat use, and distribution of broods were documented through aerial, boat, ground, and observation tower surveys. 28 refs., 10 figs., 4 tabs.

  8. Raft River geoscience case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dolenc, M.R.; Hull, L.C.; Mizell, S.A.; Russell, B.F.; Skiba, P.A.; Strawn, J.A.; Tullis, J.A.

    1981-11-01

    The Raft River Geothermal Site has been evaluated over the past eight years by the United States Geological Survey and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory as a moderate-temperature geothermal resource. The geoscience data gathered in the drilling and testing of seven geothermal wells suggest that the Raft River thermal reservoir is: (a) produced from fractures found at the contact metamorphic zone, apparently the base of detached normal faulting from the Bridge and Horse Well Fault zones of the Jim Sage Mountains; (b) anisotropic, with the major axis of hydraulic conductivity coincident to the Bridge Fault Zone; (c) hydraulically connected to the shallow thermal fluid of the Crook and BLM wells based upon both geochemistry and pressure response; (d) controlled by a mixture of diluted meteoric water recharging from the northwest and a saline sodium chloride water entering from the southwest. Although the hydrogeologic environment of the Raft River geothermal area is very complex and unique, it is typical of many Basin and Range systems.

  9. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) regulates myogenesis and {beta}1 integrin expression in vitro

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lluri, Gentian; Langlois, Garret D. [Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, 149 Beaumont Ave., HSRF 418, Burlington, VT 05405 (United States); Soloway, Paul D. [Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Jaworski, Diane M. [Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, 149 Beaumont Ave., HSRF 418, Burlington, VT 05405 (United States)], E-mail: diane.jaworski@uvm.edu

    2008-01-01

    Myogenesis in vitro involves myoblast cell cycle arrest, migration, and fusion to form multinucleated myotubes. Extracellular matrix (ECM) integrity during these processes is maintained by the opposing actions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) proteases and their inhibitors, the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Here, we report that TIMP-2, MMP-2, and MT1-MMP are differentially expressed during mouse myoblast differentiation in vitro. A specific role for TIMP-2 in myogenesis is demonstrated by altered TIMP-2{sup -/-} myotube formation. When differentiated in horse serum-containing medium, TIMP-2{sup -/-} myotubes are larger than wild-type myotubes. In contrast, when serum-free medium is used, TIMP-2{sup -/-} myotubes are smaller than wild-type myotubes. Regardless of culture condition, myotube size is directly correlated with MMP activity and inversely correlated with {beta}1 integrin expression. Treatment with recombinant TIMP-2 rescues reduced TIMP-2{sup -/-} myotube size and induces increased MMP-9 activation and decreased {beta}1 integrin expression. Treatment with either MMP-2 or MMP-9 similarly rescues reduced myotube size, but has no effect on {beta}1 integrin expression. These data suggest a specific regulatory relationship between TIMP-2 and {beta}1 integrin during myogenesis. Elucidating the role of TIMP-2 in myogenesis in vitro may lead to new therapeutic options for the use of TIMP-2 in myopathies and muscular dystrophies in vivo.

  10. A high-elevation, multi-proxy biotic and environmental record of MIS 6–4 from the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site, Snowmass Village, Colorado, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian M. Miller; Mitchell A. Plummer; Various Others

    2014-10-01

    In North America, terrestrial records of biodiversity and climate change that span Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 are rare. Where found, they provide insight into how the coupling of the ocean–atmosphere system is manifested in biotic and environmental records and how the biosphere responds to climate change. In 2010–2011, construction at Ziegler Reservoir near Snowmass Village, Colorado (USA) revealed a nearly continuous, lacustrine/wetland sedimentary sequence that preserved evidence of past plant communities between ~140 and 55 ka, including all of MIS 5. At an elevation of 2705 m, the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site also contained thousands of well-preserved bones of late Pleistocene megafauna, including mastodons, mammoths, ground sloths, horses, camels, deer, bison, black bear, coyotes, and bighorn sheep. In addition, the site contained more than 26,000 bones from at least 30 species of small animals including salamanders, otters, muskrats, minks, rabbits, beavers, frogs, lizards, snakes, fish, and birds. The combination of macro- and micro-vertebrates, invertebrates, terrestrial and aquatic plant macrofossils, a detailed pollen record, and a robust, directly dated stratigraphic framework shows that high-elevation ecosystems in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado are climatically sensitive and varied dramatically throughout MIS 5

  11. The fluorine destruction in stars: First experimental study of the {sup 19}F(p,{alpha}){sup 16}O reaction at astrophysical energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    La Cognata, M.; Mukhamedzhanov, A.; Spitaleri, C.; Indelicato, I.; Aliotta, M.; Burjan, V.; Cherubini, S.; Coc, A.; Gulino, M.; Hons, Z.; Kiss, G. G.; Kroha, V.; Lamia, L.; Mrazek, J.; Palmerini, S.; Piskor, S.; Pizzone, R. G.; Puglia, S. M. R.; Rapisarda, G. G.; Romano, S. [INFN-LNS, Catania (Italy); Cyclotron Institute, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas (United States); University of Catania and INFN-LNS, Catania (Italy); and others

    2012-11-12

    The {sup 19}F(p,{alpha}){sup 16}O reaction is an important fluorine destruction channel in the proton-rich outer layers of asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars and it might also play a role in hydrogendeficient post-AGB star nucleosynthesis. So far, available direct measurements do not reach the energy region of astrophysical interest (E{sub cm}{approx} 300 keV), because of the hindrance effect of the Coulomb barrier. The Trojan Horse (TH) method was thus used to access this energy region, by extracting the quasi-free contribution to the {sup 2}H({sup 19}F,{alpha}{sup 16}O)n reaction. The TH measurement of the {alpha}{sub 0} channel, which is the dominant one at such energies, shows the presence of resonant structures not observed before that cause an increase of the reaction rate at astrophysical temperatures up to a factor of 1.7, with potential important consequences for stellar nucleosynthesis.

  12. Attacks exploiting deviation of mean photon number in quantum key distribution and coin tossing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihan Sajeed; Igor Radchenko; Sarah Kaiser; Jean-Philippe Bourgoin; Anna Pappa; Laurent Monat; Matthieu Legre; Vadim Makarov

    2015-03-30

    The security of quantum communication using a weak coherent source requires an accurate knowledge of the source's mean photon number. Finite calibration precision or an active manipulation by an attacker may cause the actual emitted photon number to deviate from the known value. We model effects of this deviation on the security of three quantum communication protocols: the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol without decoy states, Scarani-Acin-Ribordy-Gisin 2004 (SARG04) QKD protocol, and a coin-tossing protocol. For QKD, we model both a strong attack using technology possible in principle, and a realistic attack bounded by today's technology. To maintain the mean photon number in two-way systems, such as plug-and-play and relativistic quantum cryptography schemes, bright pulse energy incoming from the communication channel must be monitored. Implementation of a monitoring detector has largely been ignored so far, except for ID Quantique's commercial QKD system Clavis2. We scrutinize this implementation for security problems, and show that designing a hack-proof pulse-energy-measuring detector is far from trivial. Indeed the first implementation has three serious flaws confirmed experimentally, each of which may be exploited in a cleverly constructed Trojan-horse attack. We discuss requirements for a loophole-free implementation of the monitoring detector.

  13. Micrometeorite Impacts in Beringian Mammoth Tusks and a Bison Skull

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hagstrum, Jonathon T.; Firestone, Richard B; West, Allen; Stefanka, Zsolt; Revay, Zsolt

    2010-02-03

    We have discovered what appear to be micrometeorites imbedded in seven late Pleistocene Alaskan mammoth tusks and a Siberian bison skull. The micrometeorites apparently shattered on impact leaving 2 to 5 mm hemispherical debris patterns surrounded by carbonized rings. Multiple impacts are observed on only one side of the tusks and skull consistent with the micrometeorites having come from a single direction. The impact sites are strongly magnetic indicating significant iron content. We analyzed several imbedded micrometeorite fragments from both tusks and skull with laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF). These analyses confirm the high iron content and indicate compositions highly enriched in nickel and depleted in titanium, unlike any natural terrestrial sources. In addition, electron microprobe (EMP) analyses of a Fe-Ni sulfide grain (tusk 2) show it contains between 3 and 20 weight percent Ni. Prompt gamma-ray activation analysis (PGAA) of a particle extracted from the bison skull indicates ~;;0.4 mg of iron, in agreement with a micrometeorite ~;;1 mm in diameter. In addition, scanning electron microscope (SEM) images and XRF analyses of the skull show possible entry channels containing Fe-rich material. The majority of tusks (5/7) have a calibrated weighted mean 14C age of 32.9 +- 1.8 ka BP, which coincides with the onset of significant declines<36 ka ago in Beringian bison, horse, brown bear, and mammoth populations, as well as in mammoth genetic diversity. It appears likely that the impacts and population declines are related events, although their precise nature remains to be determined.

  14. Low-energy R-matrix fits for the 6Li(d,a)4He S factor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Grineviciute; L. Lamia; A. M. Mukhamedzhanov; C. Spitaleri; M. La Cognata

    2015-01-07

    Background: The information about the 6Li(d,a)4He reaction rates of the astrophysical interest can be obtained by extrapolating direct data to the lower energies, or by indirect methods. The indirect Trojan Horse method, as well as various R-matrix and polynomial fits to direct data, estimate the electron screening energies much larger than the adiabatic limit. Calculations that include the subthreshold resonance estimate smaller screening energies. Purpose: Obtain the 6Li(d,a)4He reaction R-matrix parameters and the astrophysical S factor for the energies relevant to the stellar plasmas by fitting the R-matrix formulas for the subthreshold resonances to the S factor data above 60 keV. Methods: The bare S factor is calculated using the single and the two-level R-matrix formulas for the closest to the threshold 0+ and 2+ subthreshold states at 22.2, 20.2 and 20.1 MeV. The electron screening potential Ue is then obtained by fitting it as a single parameter to the low energy data. Results: The low energy S factor is dominated by the 2+ subthreshold resonance at 22.2 MeV. The influence of the other two subthreshold states is small. R-matrix fits result in the electron screening that is smaller than the adiabatic value. Neglecting the electron screening above 60 keV reduces the electron screening potential significantly. Calculations show a large ambiguity associated with a choice of the initial channel radius. Conclusions: The R matrix fits do not show a significantly larger Ue than predicted by the atomic physics models. The R-matrix best fit produces Ue=149.5 eV and Sb(0)=21.7 MeV b.

  15. New determination of the {sup 2}H(d,p){sup 3}H and {sup 2}H(d,n){sup 3}He reaction rates at astrophysical energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tumino, A.; Spartà, R.; Spitaleri, C.; Pizzone, R. G.; La Cognata, M.; Rapisarda, G. G.; Romano, S.; Sergi, M. L.; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Typel, S.; Tognelli, E.; Degl'Innocenti, S.; Prada Moroni, P. G.; Burjan, V.; Kroha, V.; Hons, Z.; Mrazek, J.; Piskor, S.; Lamia, L.

    2014-04-20

    The cross sections of the {sup 2}H(d,p){sup 3}H and {sup 2}H(d,n){sup 3}He reactions have been measured via the Trojan Horse method applied to the quasi-free {sup 2}H({sup 3}He,p {sup 3}H){sup 1}H and {sup 2}H({sup 3}He,n {sup 3}He){sup 1}H processes at 18 MeV off the proton in {sup 3}He. For the first time, the bare nucleus S(E) factors have been determined from 1.5 MeV, across the relevant region for standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis, down to the thermal energies of deuterium burning in the pre-main-sequence (PMS) phase of stellar evolution, as well as of future fusion reactors. Both the energy dependence and the absolute value of the S(E) factors deviate by more than 15% from the available direct data and existing fitting curves, with substantial variations in the electron screening by more than 50%. As a consequence, the reaction rates for astrophysics experience relevant changes, with a maximum increase of up to 20% at the temperatures of the PMS phase. From a recent primordial abundance sensitivity study, it turns out that the {sup 2}H(d,n){sup 3}He reaction is quite influential on {sup 7}Li, and the present change in the reaction rate leads to a decrease in its abundance by up to 10%. The present reaction rates have also been included in an updated version of the FRANEC evolutionary code to analyze their influence on the central deuterium abundance in PMS stars with different masses. The largest variation of about 10%-15% pertains to young stars (?1 Myr) with masses ?1 M {sub ?}.

  16. Antinociceptive effects, metabolism and disposition of ketamine in ponies under target-controlled drug infusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knobloch, M.; Portier, C.J.; Levionnois, O.L.; Theurillat, R.; Thormann, W.; Spadavecchia, C.; Mevissen, M. . E-mail: meike.mevissen@vpi.unibe.ch

    2006-11-01

    Ketamine is widely used as an anesthetic in a variety of drug combinations in human and veterinary medicine. Recently, it gained new interest for use in long-term pain therapy administered in sub-anesthetic doses in humans and animals. The purpose of this study was to develop a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPk) model for ketamine in ponies and to investigate the effect of low-dose ketamine infusion on the amplitude and the duration of the nociceptive withdrawal reflex (NWR). A target-controlled infusion (TCI) of ketamine with a target plasma level of 1 {mu}g/ml S-ketamine over 120 min under isoflurane anesthesia was performed in Shetland ponies. A quantitative electromyographic assessment of the NWR was done before, during and after the TCI. Plasma levels of R-/S-ketamine and R-/S-norketamine were determined by enantioselective capillary electrophoresis. These data and two additional data sets from bolus studies were used to build a PBPk model for ketamine in ponies. The peak-to-peak amplitude and the duration of the NWR decreased significantly during TCI and returned slowly toward baseline values after the end of TCI. The PBPk model provides reliable prediction of plasma and tissue levels of R- and S-ketamine and R- and S-norketamine. Furthermore, biotransformation of ketamine takes place in the liver and in the lung via first-pass metabolism. Plasma concentrations of S-norketamine were higher compared to R-norketamine during TCI at all time points. Analysis of the data suggested identical biotransformation rates from the parent compounds to the principle metabolites (R- and S-norketamine) but different downstream metabolism to further metabolites. The PBPk model can provide predictions of R- and S-ketamine and norketamine concentrations in other clinical settings (e.g. horses)

  17. Los Alamos National Laboratory new generation standard nuclear material storage container - the SAVY4000 design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stone, Timothy Amos

    2010-01-01

    Incidents involving release of nuclear materials stored in containers of convenience such as food pack cans, slip lid taped cans, paint cans, etc. has resulted in defense board concerns over the lack of prescriptive performance requirements for interim storage of nuclear materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has shared in these incidents and in response proactively moved into developing a performance based standard involving storage of nuclear material (RD003). This RD003 requirements document has sense been updated to reflect requirements as identified with recently issued DOE M 441.1-1 'Nuclear Material Packaging Manual'. The new packaging manual was issued at the encouragement of the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board with a clear directive for protecting the worker from exposure due to loss of containment of stored materials. The Manual specifies a detailed and all inclusive approach to achieve a high level of protection; from package design & performance requirements, design life determinations of limited life components, authorized contents evaluations, and surveillance/maintenance to ensure in use package integrity over time. Materials in scope involve those stored outside an approved engineered-contamination barrier that would result in a worker exposure of in excess of 5 rem Committed Effective Does Equivalent (CEDE). Key aspects of meeting the challenge as developed around the SAVY-3000 vented storage container design will be discussed. Design performance and acceptance criteria against the manual, bounding conditions as established that the user must ensure are met to authorize contents in the package (based upon the activity of heat-source plutonium (90% Pu-238) oxide, which bounds the requirements for weapons-grade plutonium oxide), interface as a safety class system within the facility under the LANL plutonium facility DSA, design life determinations for limited life components, and a sense of design specific surveillance program implementation as LANL moves forward into production and use of the SAVY-3000 will all be addressed. The SAVY-3000 is intended as a work horse package for the DOE complex as a vented storage container primarily for plutonium in solid form.

  18. THE RGB AND AGB STAR NUCLEOSYNTHESIS IN LIGHT OF THE RECENT {sup 17}O(p, {alpha}){sup 14}N AND {sup 18}O(p, {alpha}){sup 15}N REACTION-RATE DETERMINATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palmerini, S.; Sergi, M. L.; La Cognata, M.; Pizzone, R. G.; Spitaleri, C. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy)] [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Lamia, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy)

    2013-02-20

    In recent years, the Trojan Horse Method (THM) has been used to investigate the low-energy cross sections of proton-induced reactions on A = 17 and A = 18 oxygen isotopes, overcoming extrapolation procedures and enhancement effects due to electron screening. In particular, the strengths of the 20 keV and 65 keV resonances in the {sup 18}O(p, {alpha}){sup 15}N and {sup 17}O(p, {alpha}){sup 14}N reactions, respectively, have been extracted, as well as the contribution of the tail of the broad 656 keV resonance in the {sup 18}O(p, {alpha}){sup 15}N reaction inside the Gamow window. The strength of the 65 keV resonance in the {sup 17}O(p, {alpha}){sup 14}N reaction, measured by means of the THM, has been used to renormalize the corresponding resonance strength in the {sup 17}O + p radiative capture channel. As a result, more accurate reaction rates for the {sup 18}O(p, {alpha}){sup 15}N, {sup 17}O(p, {alpha}){sup 14}N, and {sup 17}O(p, {gamma}){sup 18}F processes have been deduced, devoid of systematic errors due to extrapolation or the electron screening effect. Such rates have been introduced into state-of-the-art red giant branch and asymptotic giant branch (AGB) models for proton-capture nucleosynthesis coupled with extra-mixing episodes. The predicted abundances have been compared with isotopic compositions provided by geochemical analysis of presolar grains. As a result, an improved agreement is found between the models and the isotopic mix of oxide grains of AGB origins, whose composition is the signature of low-temperature proton-capture nucleosynthesis. The low {sup 14}N/{sup 15}N found in SiC grains cannot be explained by the revised nuclear reaction rates and remains a serious problem that has not been satisfactorily addressed.

  19. Ecological Monitoring and Compliance Program 2006 Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David C. Anderson; Paul D. Greger; Derek B. Hall; Dennis J. Hansen; William K. Ostler

    2007-03-01

    The Ecological Monitoring and Compliance program (EMAC), funded through the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), monitors the ecosystem of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and ensures compliance with laws and regulations pertaining to NTS biota. This report summarizes the program's activities conducted by National Security Technologies LLC (NSTec) during the Calendar Year 2006. Program activities included: (a) biological surveys at proposed construction sites, (b) desert tortoise compliance, (c) ecosystem mapping and data management, (d) sensitive plant species monitoring, (e) sensitive and protected/regulated animal monitoring, (f) habitat monitoring, (g) habitat restoration monitoring, and (h) monitoring of the Nonproliferation Test and Evaluation Complex (NPTEC). Sensitive and protected/regulated species of the NTS include 44 plants, 1 mollusk, 2 reptiles, over 250 birds, and 26 mammals protected, managed, or considered sensitive as per state or federal regulations and natural resource agencies and organizations. The threatened desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) is the only species on the NTS protected under the Endangered Species Act. Biological surveys for the presence of sensitive and protected/regulated species and important biological resources on which they depend were conducted for 34 projects. A total of 342.1 hectares (ha) (845.37 acres [ac]) was surveyed for these projects. Sensitive and protected/regulated species and important biological resources found included: 2 inactive tortoise burrows, 2 western burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia hypugaea), several horses (Equus caballus), 2 active predator burrows, mature Joshua trees (Yucca brevifolia), yuccas and cacti; and also 1 bird nest (2 eggs), 1 barn owl (Tyto alba) and 2 great-horned owls (Bubo virginianus). NSTec provided a written summary report of all survey findings and mitigation recommendations, where applicable. All flagged burrows were avoided during construction activities. Twenty one of the 34 projects had sites within the distribution range of the threatened desert tortoise. NNSA/NSO must comply with the terms and conditions of a permit (called a Biological Opinion) from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) when conducting work in tortoise habitat. No tortoises were found in or displaced from project areas. No desert tortoises were accidentally injured or killed, nor were any captured or displaced from project sites. One desert tortoise was accidentally killed along a paved road. One site specific re-vegetation plan was submitted this year as required by the desert tortoise habitat re-vegetation plan approved in 2004. This year a total of 1.89 ha (4.69 ac) of tortoise habitat was disturbed. Re-vegetation of habitat at the Bren Tower burn was completed in the spring of 2006. In the summer of 2006, NSTec scientists prepared a Biological Assessment of the security activities that were being conducted at the Device Assembly Facility (DAF). NNSA requested a Biological Opinion from FWS in late 2006. Ecosystem mapping and data management in 2006 focused primarily on two tasks: (a) converting hardcopies of about 17 reports (EMAC annual reports and selected topical reports from 1996 to 2003) into electronic versions (Portable Document Format [PDF] files) to facilitate electronic document exchange, rapid retrieval, duplication, and printing, and (b) conducting an annual vegetation survey to determine wildland fire hazards on the NTS. Copies of the PDF documents were sent to DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information website in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and the DOE National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Public Reading Facility.

  20. Ecological Monitoring and Compliance Program 2006 Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David C. Anderson; Paul D. Greger; Derek B. Hall; Dennis J. Hansen; William K. Ostler

    2007-03-01

    The Ecological Monitoring and Compliance program (EMAC), funded through the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO), monitors the ecosystem of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and ensures compliance with laws and regulations pertaining to NTS biota. This report summarizes the program's activities conducted by National Security Technologies LLC (NSTec) during the Calendar Year 2006. Program activities included: (a) biological surveys at proposed construction sites, (b) desert tortoise compliance, (c) ecosystem mapping and data management, (d) sensitive plant species monitoring, (e) sensitive and protected/regulated animal monitoring, (f) habitat monitoring, (g) habitat restoration monitoring, and (h) monitoring of the Nonproliferation Test and Evaluation Complex (NPTEC). Sensitive and protected/regulated species of the NTS include 44 plants, 1 mollusk, 2 reptiles, over 250 birds, and 26 mammals protected, managed, or considered sensitive as per state or federal regulations and natural resource agencies and organizations. The threatened desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) is the only species on the NTS protected under the Endangered Species Act. Biological surveys for the presence of sensitive and protected/regulated species and important biological resources on which they depend were conducted for 34 projects. A total of 342.1 hectares (ha) (845.37 acres [ac]) was surveyed for these projects. Sensitive and protected/regulated species and important biological resources found included: 2 inactive tortoise burrows, 2 western burrowing owls (Athene cunicularia hypugaea), several horses (Equus caballus), 2 active predator burrows, mature Joshua trees (Yucca brevifolia), yuccas and cacti; and also 1 bird nest (2 eggs), 1 barn owl (Tyto alba) and 2 great-horned owls (Bubo virginianus). NSTec provided a written summary report of all survey findings and mitigation recommendations, where applicable. All flagged burrows were avoided during construction activities. Twenty one of the 34 projects had sites within the distribution range of the threatened desert tortoise. NNSA/NSO must comply with the terms and conditions of a permit (called a Biological Opinion) from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) when conducting work in tortoise habitat. No tortoises were found in or displaced from project areas. No desert tortoises were accidentally injured or killed, nor were any captured or displaced from project sites. One desert tortoise was accidentally killed along a paved road. One site specific revegetation plan was submitted this year as required by the desert tortoise habitat revegetation plan approved in 2004. This year a total of 1.89 ha (4.69 ac) of tortoise habitat was disturbed. Revegetation of habitat at the Bren Tower burn was completed in the spring of 2006. In the summer of 2006, NSTec scientists prepared a Biological Assessment of the security activities that were being conducted at the Device Assembly Facility (DAF). NNSA requested a Biological Opinion from FWS in late 2006. Ecosystem mapping and data management in 2006 focused primarily on two tasks: (a) converting hardcopies of about 17 reports (EMAC annual reports and selected topical reports from 1996 to 2003) into electronic versions (Portable Document Format [PDF] files) to facilitate electronic document exchange, rapid retrieval, duplication, and printing, and (b) conducting an annual vegetation survey to determine wildland fire hazards on the NTS.

  1. Recent Developments in SHERPA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Archibald, Jennifer; Gleisberg, Tanju; Hoeche, Stefan; Krauss, Frank; Schonherr, Marek; Schumann, Steffen; Siegert, Frank; Winter, Jan; /Fermilab

    2011-11-15

    Some recent QCD-related developments in the SHERPA event generator are presented. In the past decades, event generators such as PYTHIA [1, 2] and HERWIG [3, 4] have been central for nearly all physics analyses at particle physics experiments at the high-energy frontier. This will also hold true at the LHC, where a large number of interesting signals for new particles or new phenomena (the Higgs boson or any other manifestation of the mechanism behind electro-weak symmetry breaking, supersymmetry, extra dimensions etc.) is hampered by a plethora of severe, sometimes overwhelming backgrounds. Nearly all of them are largely influenced by QCD. Therefore it seems fair to say that the success of the LHC in finding new physics may very well depend on a deep and detailed understanding of old physics, like QCD. Examples for this include, among others, the central-jet veto for the vector boson fusion channel for Higgs production or topologies, where gauge bosons emerge in association with many jets, a background for many search channels. In a reflection on increased needs by the experimental community, aiming at higher precision, incorporation of new physics models and so on, the work horses of old have undergone serious renovation efforts, resulting in new, improved versions of the respective codes, namely PYTHIA8 [5] and HERWIG++ [6]. In addition a completely new code, SHERPA [7], has been constructed and is in the process of maturing. The status of this code is the topic of this contribution. SHERPA's hallmark property is the inclusion of higher-order tree-level QCD contributions, leading to an improved modelling of jet production. They are introduced through a full-fledged matrix element generator, AMEGIC++ [8], which is capable of generating matrix elements and corresponding phase space mappings for processes with multi-particle final states in various models, including the Standard Model, anomalous gauge triple and quadruple couplings according to [9, 10], the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with Feynman rules from [11], the ADD-model of extra dimensions [12, 13], and a model with an extra U(1) singlet coupling to the Higgs boson only [14]. The code has been thoroughly tested and validated [15]. This code, however, is limited, especially in the treatment of many ({ge} 6) external QCD particles. Therefore, in the near future, SHERPA will incorporate another, new matrix element generator, COMIX, which is based on Berends-Giele recursion relations [16] and color-dressing [17] rather than color-ordering. In Tabs. 1 and 2 some example cross sections for gg {yields} ng at fixed energies and pp {yields} b{bar b} + n jets obtained with this program are exhibited and compared to those from other programs. In addition, concerning the calculation of higher-order matrix elements and cross sections, there have been first steps towards an automation of such calculations at truly next-to leading order accuracy. They manifest themselves in the implementation of a procedure [19] to fully automatically construct and evaluate Catani-Seymour dipole subtraction terms [20] for the real part of such NLO calculations. The results from the matrix element calculations are merged with the subsequent parton shower through the formalism of [21, 22]. The results of its implementation in SHERPA [23] has recently been compared with other algorithms [24]. Although there remains some dispute about the theoretical equivalence of the different approaches, the overall results show satisfying agreement with each other, such that they can be used with confidence for data analysis.