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1

Barrel cortex function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neocortex, the neuronal structure at the base of the remarkable cognitive skills of mammals, is a layered sheet of neuronal tissue composed of juxtaposed and interconnected columns. A cortical column is considered the basic module of cortical processing present in all cortical areas. It is believed to contain a characteristic microcircuit composed of a few thousand neurons. The high degree of cortical segmentation into vertical columns and horizontal layers is a boon for scientific investigation because it eases the systematic dissection and functional analysis of intrinsic as well as extrinsic connections of the column. In this review we will argue that in order to understand neocortical function one needs to combine a microscopic view, elucidating the workings of the local columnar microcircuits, with a macroscopic view, which keeps track of the linkage of distant cortical modules in different behavioral contexts. We will exemplify this strategy using the model system of vibrissal touch in mice and rats. On the macroscopic level vibrissal touch is an important sense for the subterranean rodents and has been honed by evolution to serve an array of distinct behaviors. Importantly, the vibrissae are moved actively to touch – requiring intricate sensorimotor interactions. Vibrissal touch, therefore, offers ample opportunities to relate different behavioral contexts to specific interactions of distant columns. On the microscopic level, the cortical modules in primary somatosensory cortex process touch inputs at highest magnification and discreteness – each whisker is represented by its own so-called barrel column. The cellular composition, intrinsic connectivity and functional aspects of the barrel column have been studied in great detail. Building on the versatility of genetic tools available in rodents, new, highly selective and flexible cellular and molecular tools to monitor and manipulate neuronal activity have been devised. Researchers have started to combine these with advanced and highly precise behavioral methods, on par with the precision known from monkey preparations. Therefore, the vibrissal touch model system is exquisitely positioned to combine the microscopic with the macroscopic view and promises to be instrumental in our understanding of neocortical function.

Dirk Feldmeyer; Michael Brecht; Fritjof Helmchen; Carl C.H. Petersen; James F.A. Poulet; Jochen F. Staiger; Heiko J. Luhmann; Cornelius Schwarz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Vibration of Gun-Barrels1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THIS research on the vibration of gun-barrels is a continuation of former investigations on the nature of ... of gun-barrels is a continuation of former investigations on the nature of vibrations set up in a gun-barrel when fixed, with a view to discover how ...

F. J.-S

1901-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

3

SLOW SAND FILTRATIONSLOW SAND FILTRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control valve Effluent flow control structure #12;Characteristic Features of aCharacteristic Features effective size(dSmall effective size(d1010)) and largeand large uniformity coefficient (duniformity coefficient (d6060/d/d1010) of sand) of sand No filter media fluidizationNo filter media fluidization Relative

4

Of the estimated 5 million barrels of crude oil released into the Gulf of Mexico from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Of the estimated 5 million barrels of crude oil released into the Gulf of Mexico from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, a fraction washed ashore onto sandy beaches from Louisiana to the Florida panhandle. Researchers at the MagLab compare the detailed molecular analysis of hydrocarbons in oiled sands from

Weston, Ken

5

California Natural Gas Total Liquids Extracted (Thousand Barrels...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquids Extracted (Thousand Barrels) California Natural Gas Total Liquids Extracted (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

6

Florida Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Florida Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

7

Alaska Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Alaska Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

8

Kansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Kansas Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

9

Wyoming Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves (Million Barrels...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Wyoming Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's...

10

Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Alabama Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

11

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves (Million Barrels...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

12

Utah Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves (Million Barrels)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Utah Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 59...

13

Secretary Bodman Announces Sale of 11 Million Barrels of Crude...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Sale of 11 Million Barrels of Crude Oil from the Nation's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Secretary Bodman Announces Sale of 11 Million Barrels of Crude Oil from the Nation's Strategic...

14

UNCORRECTED Reliability analysis of hybrid ceramic/steel gun barrels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNCORRECTED PROOF Reliability analysis of hybrid ceramic/steel gun barrels M. GRUJICIC1 , J. R-5069, USA Received in final form 25 February 2002 AB ST R AC T Failure of the ceramic gun-barrel lining probability for the lining is also discussed. Keywords failure; gun-barrel lining; reliability; thermo

Grujicic, Mica

15

Recent results from the Crystal Barrel experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Crystal Barrel experiment has been constructed and installed at the Low Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR) at CERN. It has been fully operational since late 1989. In this talk, recent results of meson spectroscopy in p[bar p]-annihilations are presented. The main emphasis is on all-neutral annihilations, the study of the strange quark content of the proton, and the investigation of the decay mode of il particles. A 2[sup ++] resonance decaying into [pi][degrees][pi][degrees]at a mass of 1515 [plus minus] 10 MeV with a width of 120 [plus minus] 10 MeV has been seen in a 3[pi][degrees] final state.

Not Available

1991-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

16

Recent results from the Crystal Barrel experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Crystal Barrel experiment has been constructed and installed at the Low Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR) at CERN. It has been fully operational since late 1989. In this talk, recent results of meson spectroscopy in p{bar p}-annihilations are presented. The main emphasis is on all-neutral annihilations, the study of the strange quark content of the proton, and the investigation of the decay mode of il particles. A 2{sup ++} resonance decaying into {pi}{degrees}{pi}{degrees}at a mass of 1515 {plus_minus} 10 MeV with a width of 120 {plus_minus} 10 MeV has been seen in a 3{pi}{degrees} final state.

The Crystal Barrel Collaboration

1991-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - alice central barrel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

barrel robots. This centralized sensing and control can reduce the cost of each barrel robot. In one... - dition for the upper bound on the number of barrel robots that can be...

18

SAND2012-4433  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SANDIA REPORT SAND2012-4433 Unlimited Release May 2012 Graphene Resonators - Analysis and Film Transfer Maria E. Suggs Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New...

19

Oil Sands Feedstocks  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Centre for Upgrading Technology 'a Canada-Alberta alliance for bitumen and heavy oil research' Oil Sands Feedstocks C Fairbridge, Z Ring, Y Briker, D Hager National Centre...

20

Ohio Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves (Million Barrels)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 0 1980's 0 0 - No Data Reported; -- ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Emissions of Carbon Dioxide from Tar Sands Plants in Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emissions of Carbon Dioxide from Tar Sands Plants in Canada ... When the CO2 emissions from the production of synthetic crude, refining, and utilization of fuels are combined, the emissions from utilization account for about 80 and about 70% of the emitted CO2 when fluid coking and delayed coking processes are considered, respectively. ... The combined production of 1 million barrels a day of synthetic crude would emit ?46 million tonnes of CO2 annually, which accounts for less than 8% of the Canadian CO2 emissions. ...

Edward Furimsky

2003-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

22

Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day October 20, 2010 - 1:06pm Addthis Dr. Richard Newell Dr. Richard Newell Does the American League hold more baseball World Series titles than the National League? Yes. Does Saudi Arabia produce more crude oil than Russia? No. How do I know? Statistics. The month of October not only marks the beginning of Major League Baseball's World Series and Energy Awareness Month, but also the celebration of the first ever World Statistics Day on October 20th. Statistics don't just help us answer trivia questions - they also help us make intelligent decisions. If I heat my home with natural gas, I'm probably interested in what natural gas prices are likely to be this winter. If my business manufactures solar panels, I would want to know how

23

Tar Sands | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tar Sands Tar Sands Jump to: navigation, search More info on OpenEI Oil and Gas Gateway Federal Environmental Statues Federal Oil and Gas Statutes Oil and Gas Companies United States Oil and Gas Boards International Oil and Gas Boards Related Reports Keystone Pipeline System Canada's Oil Sands Royal Society of Canada: Environmental and Health Impacts of Canada's Oil Sands Industry Dictionary.png Tar Sands: A resource, found in particular abundance in Canada, where viscous petroleum is mixed in with a layer of sand, clay, and water. The form of petroleum is often referred to as "bitumen". The resource has only recently been considered part of the world's oil reserves Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Tarsands1.png About Tar Sands The Tar Sands, also referred to as Oil Sands, or Bitumen Sands, are a

24

Quantitative Methods for Reservoir Characterization and Improved Recovery: Application to Heavy Oil Sands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improved prediction of interwell reservoir heterogeneity is needed to increase productivity and to reduce recovery cost for California's heavy oil sands, which contain approximately 2.3 billion barrels of remaining reserves in the Temblor Formation and in other formations of the San Joaquin Valley. This investigation involved application of advanced analytical property-distribution methods conditioned to continuous outcrop control for improved reservoir characterization and simulation.

Castle, James W.; Molz, Fred J.

2003-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

25

Sand Simulation Abhinav Golas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Wikipedia) Size variation from 1m to icebergs Food grains, sand, coal etc. Powders ­ can be suspended in gas May 6, 2009 5 #12;What are Granular materials? Can exist similar to various forms of matter Gas/Liquid ­ powders can be carried by velocity fields Sandstorms Liquid/Solid ­ similar to liquids embedded

Lin, Ming C.

26

Basic Installation Guidelines & Instructions for your SkyJuice Rain Barrel 1. Your rain barrel must be placed on a surface that is flat and level. Use a spade to flatten the area for placement of the barrel.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the laundry, or rinsing your hair like some of our grandmothers may have done. 3. To maintain the tight the barrel by the spigot. To maintain the tight connection, open the barrel and tighten the nut on the inside will not harm plants and will actually help the soil soak up the water. B. Adding a few drops of Olive Oil

27

Sand Hills EA  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- - Office Name and State goes here Environmental Assessment Sand Hills Wind Energy Facility Albany County, Wyoming May 2011 High Desert District Rawlins Field Office The BLM's multiple-use mission is to sustain the health and productivity of the public lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations. The Bureau accomplishes this by managing such activities as outdoor recreation, livestock grazing, mineral development, and energy production, and by conserving natural, historical, cultural, and other resources on public lands. BLM/WY/PL-11/035+1430 WY-030-EA09-314 Contents Chapter Page Acronyms and Abbreviations .................................................................................................. ix

28

Albeni Falls-Sand Creek  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Albeni-Falls-Sand-Creek- Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Doing Business Expand Doing Business Customer Involvement Expand Customer Involvement...

29

Secretary Bodman Announces Sale of 11 Million Barrels of Crude Oil from the  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sale of 11 Million Barrels of Crude Oil Sale of 11 Million Barrels of Crude Oil from the Nation's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Secretary Bodman Announces Sale of 11 Million Barrels of Crude Oil from the Nation's Strategic Petroleum Reserve September 14, 2005 - 10:21am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary Samuel W. Bodman announced that the Department of Energy has approved bids for the sale of 11 million barrels of crude oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Combined with the 12.6 million barrels of crude previously approved for loans these SPR releases, in response to the disruptions caused by Hurricane Katrina, will provide 23.6 million barrels of crude for the U.S. market. "The United States is committed to using all of the tools at our disposal to help keep our oil and gasoline markets well supplied," Secretary Bodman

30

The How's and Why's of Replacing the Whole Barrel | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The How's and Why's of Replacing the Whole Barrel The How's and Why's of Replacing the Whole Barrel The How's and Why's of Replacing the Whole Barrel October 19, 2011 - 4:09pm Addthis A 42-U.S. gallon barrel of crude oil yields about 45 gallons of petroleum products. Source: Energy Information Administration, “Oil: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Explained” and Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (Updated February 2010). A 42-U.S. gallon barrel of crude oil yields about 45 gallons of petroleum products. Source: Energy Information Administration, "Oil: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Explained" and Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (Updated February 2010). Paul Bryan Biomass Program Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy For many, a barrel of oil is almost synonymous with its most prominent

31

WASTEWATER TREATMENT OVER SAND COLUMNS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

93/0096 WASTEWATER TREATMENT OVER SAND COLUMNS TREATMENT YIELDS, LOCALISATION OF THE BIOMASS Domestic wastewater treatment by infiltration-percolation is a process that becomming common in France, a greater depth for desinfection purposes. KEYWORDS Wastewater treatment, Infiltration-percolation. Sand

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

32

Investigation of sands subjected to dynamic loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON OTHER SANDS 24 Victoria Sand Arkansas Sand 24 24 CORRELATION, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS Correlation of Laboratory and Field Data Discussion of the Rheological Model Empirical Modification Recommendations REFERENCES APPENDIX - DATA... Table Page Results of Test Series on Ottawa Sand 23 II Results of Test Series on Victoria Sand 26 III Results of Test Series on Arkansas Sand 27 Results of All Test Series Using the Empirical Equation to Calculate J 34 NOTATION A viscous...

Reeves, Gary Neil

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Quantitative Methods for Reservoir Characterization and Improved Recovery: Application to Heavy Oil Sands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project involved application of advanced analytical property-distribution methods conditioned to continuous outcrop control for improved reservoir characterization and simulation. The investigation was performed in collaboration with Chevron Production Company U.S.A. as an industrial partner, and incorporates data from the Temblor Formation in Chevron's West Coalinga Field, California. Improved prediction of interwell reservoir heterogeneity was needed to increase productivity and to reduce recovery cost for California's heavy oil sands, which contained approximately 2.3 billion barrels of remaining reserves in the Temblor Formation and in other formations of the San Joaquin Valley.

Castle, James W.; Molz, Fred W.; Bridges, Robert A.; Dinwiddie, Cynthia L.; Lorinovich, Caitlin J.; Lu, Silong

2003-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

34

Metabolic Engineering and Synthetic Biology in Strain Development Every year, we consume about 27 billion barrels of fossil oil.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

billion barrels of fossil oil. This enormous amount of oil is used for fueling our cars and airplanes

35

Simulation and testing of pyramid and barrel vault skylights  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermal performance of fenestration in commercial buildings can have a significant effect on building loads--yet there is little information on the performance of these products. With this in mind, ASHRAE TC 4.5, Fenestration, commissioned a research project involving test and simulation of commercial fenestration systems. The objectives of ASHRAE Research Project 877 were: to evaluate the thermal performance (U-factors) of commonly used commercial glazed roof and wall assemblies; to obtain a better fundamental understanding of the heat transfer processes that occur in these specialty fenestration products; to develop correlations for natural-convection heat transfer in complex glazing cavities; to develop a methodology for evaluating complex fenestration products, suitable for inclusion in ASHRAE Standard 142P (ASHRAE 1996); and to generate U-factors for common commercial fenestration products, suitable for inclusion in the ASHRAE Handbook--Fundamentals. This paper describes testing and simulation of pyramid and barrel vault skylight specimens and provides guidelines for modeling these systems based on the validated results.

McGowan, A.G. [Enermodal Engineering, Ltd., Kitchener, Ontario (Canada); Desjarlais, A.O. [Oak Ridge National Lab. TN (United States); Wright, J.L. [Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Definition: Tar Sands | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Tar Sands Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Tar Sands A resource, found in particular abundance in Canada, where viscous petroleum is mixed in with a layer of sand, clay, and water. The form of petroleum is often referred to as "bitumen". The resource has only recently been considered part of the world's oil reserves View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Oil sands, tar sands or, more technically, bituminous sands, are a type of unconventional petroleum deposit. The oil sands are loose sand or partially consolidated sandstone containing naturally occurring mixtures of sand, clay, and water, saturated with a dense and extremely viscous form of petroleum technically referred to as bitumen (or colloquially tar due to

37

The Time of Sands: Quartz-rich Sand Deposits as a Renewable Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sand production is from unconsolidated units, but the St.and Midwestern U.S. , unconsolidated sand deposits aresand is produced from unconsolidated deposits or hard,

Shaffer, Nelson R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

DOE to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve May 24, 2007 - 4:16pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that it will sell approximately 35,000 barrels of home heating oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR). The Reserve's current 5-year storage contracts expire on September 30, 2007 and market conditions have caused new storage costs to rise to a level that exceeds available funds. Revenue from the sale will be used to supplement funds for the award of new long-term storage contracts that will begin on October 1, 2007. The Department will work with Congress to resolve these funding issues in order

39

DOE to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve DOE to Sell 35,000 Barrels of Oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve May 24, 2007 - 4:16pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that it will sell approximately 35,000 barrels of home heating oil from the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR). The Reserve's current 5-year storage contracts expire on September 30, 2007 and market conditions have caused new storage costs to rise to a level that exceeds available funds. Revenue from the sale will be used to supplement funds for the award of new long-term storage contracts that will begin on October 1, 2007. The Department will work with Congress to resolve these funding issues in order to restore the inventory of the Reserve to its full authorized size.

40

U.S. crude oil production expected to top 9 million barrels per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

half of this year, drilling is expected to increase and U.S. production is forecast to rise to an average of 9.5 million barrels per day in 2016. That would be the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

U.S. monthly oil production tops 8 million barrels per day for...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

the U.S. Energy Information Administration said it expects world oil production to rise by 1.3 million barrels per day next year....with U.S. daily oil output alone...

42

A 12-barrel deuterium pellet injector for the C-2 field-reversed configuration device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A compact 12-barrel deuterium pellet injector for plasma studies in the C-2 field-reversed configuration device (USA) is described. As in other multibarrel injectors, pellets are simultaneously formed inside s...

I. V. Vinyar; A. Ya. Lukin; S. V. Skoblikov…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Soap and sand: construction tools for nanotechnology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and sand: construction tools for nanotechnology Karen J. Edler Department of Chemistry...UK ( k.edler@bath.ac.uk ) Nanotechnology is the science of making and using...and sand: construction tools for nanotechnology. | Nanotechnology is the science...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems: Sand Filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sand filters are beds of granular material, or sand, drained from underneath so that pretreated wastewater can be treated, collected and distributed to a land application system. This publication explains the treatment, design, operation...

Lesikar, Bruce J.

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

45

Oil Sands Feedstocks | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Sands Feedstocks Oil Sands Feedstocks Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. DOE's EERE FreedomCar and Fuel Partnership and...

46

Preliminary relative permeability estimates of methane hydrate-bearing sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sand, the gas permeability of the sand with hydrate, and thefor gas and water through methane hydrate-bearing sand. X-hydrate dissociation and making a single-phase (gas or water) permeability measurement of the sand

Seol, Yongkoo; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Moridis, George J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Treating tar sands formations with karsted zones  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. The tar sands formation may have one or more karsted zones. Methods may include providing heat from one or more heaters to one or more karsted zones of the tar sands formation to mobilize fluids in the formation. At least some of the mobilized fluids may be produced from the formation.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

48

Testing sand used in hydraulic fracturing operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recommended practices for testing sand used in hydraulic fracturing operations are outlined as developed by the Task Group on Evaluation of Hydraulic Fracturing Sand under the API Subcommittee on Evaluation of Well Completion Materials. The tests recommended were developed to improve the quality of frac sand delivered to the well site, and are for use in evaluating certain physical properties of sand used in hydraulic fracturing operations. The tests suggested enable users to compare physical characteristics of various sands and to select materials most useful for such applications. Parameters to be tested include turbidity, clay and soft particle content, crush resistance, and mineralogic analysis.

Not Available

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Queen City Barrel Co - OH 41  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Queen City Barrel Co - OH 41 Queen City Barrel Co - OH 41 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: QUEEN CITY BARREL CO. (OH.41) Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Cincinnati , Ohio OH.41-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 OH.41-1 Site Operations: Cleaned and reconditioned 30- and 55-gallon drums. OH.41-2 OH.41-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Based upon limited scope of operations, potential for residual radioactive contamination from MED or AEC operations considered remote OH.41-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes OH.41-2 Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radium Bearing Material OH.41-2 OH.41-3 Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated Site Status: Eliminated from further consideration under FUSRAP Also see

50

Liquefaction characteristics of a fine sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIQUEFACTION CHARACTERISTICS OF A FINE SAND A Thesis by DONALD TIMOTHY BRANDON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1974 Major Subject...: Civil Engineering LIQUEFACTION CHARACTERISTICS OF A FINE SAND A Thesis by DONALD TIMOTHY BRANDON Approved as to style and content by: airman o Commi ee) ead of Depar ent) (Member) ( ber) ABSTRACT LIQUEFACTION CEARACTERISTICS OF A FINE SAND...

Brandon, Donald Timothy

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

51

Determination of barreling curve in upsetting process by artificial neural networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, an approach for prediction deformation of upsetting processes is developed. The approach combines the finite element method and Neural Network to view the resultant deformation changes in upsetting. Because real time deformation simulation ... Keywords: FEM, barreling, neural network(NN), prediction, train, upsetting

H. Mohammadi Majd; M. Poursina; K. H. Shirazi

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Hydraulic conductivity of shaly sands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of clays on the hydraulic conductivity of a sandstone are analyzed by considering a simple clay coating structure for the sand grains. In the model, silicate insulating nuclei are uniformly surrounded by charged clay particles. The total charge on the clays is compensated by a counterion density Q{sub v}. Assuming a capillary flow regime inside this granular model a Kozeny-Carman type equation has been derived, expressing its intrinsic permeability k in terms of a porosity-tortuosity factor {phi}{sup (m{minus}0.5)} and of the parameter Q{sub v}. The power-law derived expression shows that k decreases with the amount of clay, not only because a high Q{sub v} implies a narrowing of the pore channels, but also because it modifies the hydraulic tortuosity of the medium. This new equation has been statistically tested with extensive petrophysical laboratory data for different types of shaly sandstones.

Lima, O.A.L. de [PPPG/Federal Univ. of Bahia, Salvador Bahia (Brazil)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

53

Gas hydrate formation in fine sand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gas hydrate formation from two types of dissolved gas (methane and mixed gas) was studied under varying thermodynamic conditions in ... Sea. The testing media consisted of silica sand particles with diameters of ...

XiaoYa Zang; DeQing Liang; NengYou Wu

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Geology of the Athabasca Oil Sands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...only when reservoir condi-tions...geological at-rocks, cap rocks, oil migration...subsurface reservoir and supplying...reservoir quality of the sands. Porosity. High-grade...reservoir sandstones (5 to 20...the oil. Permeability. The permeability...

Grant D. Mossop

1980-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

55

Fact #676: May 23, 2011 U.S. Refiners Produce about 19 Gallons of Gasoline from a Barrel of Oil  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A standard U.S. barrel contains 42 gallons of crude oil which yields about 44 gallons of petroleum products. The additional 2 gallons of petroleum products come from refiner gains which result in...

56

Secure Fuels from Domestic Resources- Oil Shale and Tar Sands  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Profiles of Companies Engaged in Domestic Oil Shale and Tar Sands Resource and Technology Development

57

Variation in grain shape and surface textures of fine guartz sands in the South Texas Eolian Sand Sheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VARIATION IN GRAIN SHAPE AND SURFACE TEXTURES OF FINE QUARTZ SANDS IN THE SOUTH TEXAS EOLIAN SAND SHEET A Thesis by DONALD RALPH SIMS JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... Texas Eolian Sand Sheet (August, 1984) Donald Ralph Sims, Jr. , B. S. , Stockton State College Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James N. Mazzullo Fourier grain shape analysis was conducted on fine sands of the South Texas Eolian Sand Sheet (STESS...

Sims, Donald Ralph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

58

The design and performance of a twenty barrel hydrogen pellet injector for Alcator C-Mod  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A twenty barrel hydrogen pellet injector has been designed, built and tested both in the laboratory and on the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak at MIT. The injector functions by firing pellets of frozen hydrogen or deuterium deep into the plasma discharge for the purpose of fueling the plasma, modifying the density profile and increasing the global energy confinement time. The design goals of the injector are: (1) Operational flexibility, (2) High reliability, (3) Remote operation with minimal maintenance. These requirements have lead to a single stage, pipe gun design with twenty barrels. Pellets are formed by in- situ condensation of the fuel gas, thus avoiding moving parts at cryogenic temperatures. The injector is the first to dispense with the need for cryogenic fluids and instead uses a closed cycle refrigerator to cool the thermal system components. The twenty barrels of the injector produce pellets of four different size groups and allow for a high degree of flexibility in fueling experiments. Operation of the injector is under PLC control allowing for remote operation, interlocked safety features and automated pellet manufacturing. The injector has been extrusively tested and shown to produce pellets reliably with velocities up to 1400 m/sec. During the period from September to November of 1993, the injector was successfully used to fire pellets into over fifty plasma discharges. Experimental results include data on the pellet penetration into the plasma using an advanced pellet tracking diagnostic with improved time and spatial response. Data from the tracker indicates pellet penetrations were between 30 and 86 percent of the plasma minor radius.

Urbahn, J.A.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

U.S. monthly oil production tops 8 million barrels per day for the first time since 1988  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. crude oil production expected to hit four-decade high during 2015 U.S. crude oil production expected to hit four-decade high during 2015 U.S. crude oil production over the next two years is expected to grow to its highest level since the early 1970s. Oil output increased by 1 million barrels per day in 2013...and is expected to repeat that growth rate during 2014....according to the new forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. U.S. crude oil production is forecast to average 8.5 million barrels per day this year and then rise to 9.3 million barrels per day in 2015. That would be the highest yearly oil output since 1972, and just 300,000 barrels per day below the all-time production high of 9.6 million barrels per day set in 1970. Most of the oil production growth will come from increased drilling in the shale formations in

60

A New Four-Barrel Pellet Injection System for the TJ-II Stellarator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new pellet injection system for the TJ-II stellarator has been developed/constructed as part of a collaboration between the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the Centro de Investigaciones Energ ticas, Medioambientales y Tecnol gicas (CIEMAT). ORNL is providing most of the injector hardware and instrumentation, the pellet diagnostics, and the pellet transport tubes; CIEMAT is responsible for the injector stand/interface to the stellarator, cryogenic refrigerator, vacuum pumps/ballast volumes, gas manifolds, remote operations, plasma diagnostics, and data acquisition. The pellet injector design is an upgraded version of that used for the ORNL injector installed on the Madison Symmetric Torus (MST). It is a four-barrel system equipped with a cryogenic refrigerator for in situ hydrogen pellet formation and a combined mechanical punch/propellant valve system for pellet acceleration (speeds ~100 to 1000 m/s). On TJ-II, it will be used as an active diagnostic and for fueling. To accommodate the plasma experiments planned for TJ-II, pellet sizes significantly smaller than those typically used for the MST application are required. The system will initially be equipped with four different pellet sizes, with the gun barrel bores ranging between ~0.5 to 1.0 mm. The new system is almost complete and is described briefly here, highlighting the new features added since the original MST injector was constructed. Also, the future installation on TJ-II is reviewed.

Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL] [ORNL; Foust, Charles R [ORNL] [ORNL; McGill, James M [ORNL] [ORNL; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL] [ORNL; Caughman, John B [ORNL] [ORNL; Fehling, Dan T [ORNL] [ORNL; Harris, Jeffrey H [ORNL] [ORNL; Meitner, Steven J [ORNL] [ORNL; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL] [ORNL; McCarthy, K. J. [EURATOM-CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain] [EURATOM-CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain; Chamorro, M. [Laboratory Nacional de Fusion, Madrid, Spain] [Laboratory Nacional de Fusion, Madrid, Spain; Garcia, R. [Laboratory Nacional de Fusion, Madrid, Spain] [Laboratory Nacional de Fusion, Madrid, Spain; Hildago, C. [Laboratory Nacional de Fusion, Madrid, Spain] [Laboratory Nacional de Fusion, Madrid, Spain; Medrano, M. [Laboratory Nacional de Fusion, Madrid, Spain] [Laboratory Nacional de Fusion, Madrid, Spain; Unamuno, R. [Laboratory Nacional de Fusion, Madrid, Spain] [Laboratory Nacional de Fusion, Madrid, Spain

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Common Cryogenic Test Facility for the ATLAS Barrel and End-Cap Toroid Magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The large ATLAS toroidal superconducting magnet made of the Barrel and two End-Caps needs extensive testing at the surface of the individual components prior to their final assembly into the underground cavern of LHC. A cryogenic test facility specifically designed for cooling sequentially the eight coils making the Barrel Toroid (BT) has been fully commissioned and is now ready for final acceptance of these magnets. This facility, originally designed for testing individually the 46 tons BT coils, will be upgraded to allow the acceptance tests of the two End-Caps, each of them having a 160 tons cold mass. The integrated system mainly comprises a 1.2 kW at 4.5 K refrigerator, a 10 kW liquid-nitrogen precooler, two cryostats housing liquid helium centrifugal pumps of respectively 80 g/s and 600 g/s nominal flow and specific instrumentation to measure the thermal performances of the magnets. This paper describes the overall facility with particular emphasis to the cryogenic features adopted to match the specific requirements of the magnets in the various operating scenarios.

Delruelle, N.; Haug, F.; Junker, S.; Passardi, G.; Pengo, R.; Pirotte, O. [CERN, AT division, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2004-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

62

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency &...

63

Sand Bluff Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sand Bluff Wind Farm Sand Bluff Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Sand Bluff Wind Farm Facility Sand Bluff Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner E.On Climate & Renewables Developer E.On Climate & Renewables Energy Purchaser Direct Energy Location Near Big Spring TX Coordinates 32.201622°, -101.404799° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.201622,"lon":-101.404799,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

64

Geology of the Athabasca Oil Sands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...geological at-rocks, cap rocks, oil migration...subsurface reservoir and supplying...the sands. Porosity. High-grade...the oil. Permeability. The permeability...Ath-abasca reservoir is the distribution...ofpri-mary porosity and permeability in the McMurray...

Grant D. Mossop

1980-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

65

SANDIA REPORT SAND2011-3622  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SANDIA REPORT SAND2011-3622 Unlimited Release Printed May 2011 Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear

66

Geology of the Athabasca Oil Sands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...flow only when reservoir condi-tions...geological at-rocks, cap rocks, oil migration...the subsurface reservoir and supplying...ex-cellent reservoir quality of the sands. Porosity. High-grade...petroleum reservoir sandstones (5 to 20 0036-8075...

Grant D. Mossop

1980-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

67

Solvent extraction of southern US tar sands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The socioeconomic aspects of the tar sands recovery were investigated by Diversified Petroleum Recovery, Inc. Mineral Resources Institute at the University of Alabama conducted characterization and beneficiation studies on Alabama tar sands. Two sources in the state were identified, namely, Black Wax Hill and Spring Creek. Samples were obtained, beneficiated, then shared with the University of Arkansas. The University of Arkansas conducted research in three areas, namely, solvation and characterization of the tar sands phase equilibria as well as the design and operation of a bench-scale batch model. In the solvation studies, the results indicate that grinding the tar sands too fine results in downstream processing problems. Also, preliminary indications are that the beneficiation step may not be necessary in the solvation of the bitumen. The phase equilibria of the heptane/brine/isopropyl alcohol/XTOL{trademark} system is very complex. The salt concentration of the brine is significant in the partitioning of the isopropanol and heptane. Equilibrium data for some of the various combinations of chemical constituents have been obtained. Also included are appendices: statistical data on highways; petrography; Dean-Starke technique; FTIR and NMR spectra; FORTRAN computer program for GC; simulation of flash behavior for IPA/brine/fatty acid/N-C{sub 7} mixture; and previous progress reports. 32 figs., 28 tabs.

Not Available

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

The Time of Sands: Quartz-rich Sand Deposits as a Renewable Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rich Sand Deposits as a Renewable Resource Nelson R. Shaffercan even be considered a renewable resource. The reader willbuild our society, and its renewable nature. We are not the

Shaffer, Nelson R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

SAND-JENSEN, KAJ, AND MORTEN FOLDAGER PEDERSEN ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photosynthesis by symbiotic algae in the freshwater sponge,. Spongilla lacustris. Kaj Sand- Jensen and Marten Foldager Pedersen. Freshwater Biological ...

1999-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

70

Experimental investigation of a cook-off temperature in a hot barrel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The experimental investigations of the effect of contact time/temperature on initiating the cook-off using 7.62 mm calibre cartridge cases (CC) were conducted previously. These cartridges were filled with commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) double based (DB) propellant (Bulls Eye) and were loaded in a hot chamber. The thermal explosion temperature is of great significance to both weapon designers and safety inspectors as it provides the operational limit and safe operating temperature. For CC under test, it was found that the cook-off temperatures of this propellant were encountered with the heat transfer profile of the simulated gun barrel between 151.4 °C and 153.4 °C, with a reaction occurring in less than 300 s after the round was chambered. Usefully, each experiment was found to be consistent and repeatable.

Amer Hameed; Mathew Azavedo; Philip Pitcher

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Performance of the prototype module of the GlueX electromagnetic barrel calorimeter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A photon beam test of the 4 m long prototype lead/scintillating-fibre module for the GlueX electromagnetic barrel calorimeter was carried out in Hall B at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility with the objective of measuring the energy and timing resolutions of the module as well as the number of photoelectrons generated. Data were collected over an energy range of 150 - â 650 MeV at multiple positions and angles along the module. Details of the analysis at the centre of and perpendicular to the module are shown herein; the results are View the MathML source, View the MathML source ps, and 660 photoelectrons for 1 GeV at each end of the module.

Leverington, Blake; Lolos, George; Papandreou, Zisis; Hakobyan, Rafael; Huber, Garth; Janzen, Kathryn; Semenov, Andrei; Scott, Eric; Shepherd, Matthew; Carman, Daniel; Lawrence, David; Smith, Elton; Taylor, Simon; Wolin, Elliott; Klein, Franz; Santoro, Joseph; Sober, Daniel; Kourkoumeli, Christina

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

20 InsideGNSS SEP T EMBER /OC T OBER 2011 www.insidegnss.com he Arctic houses an estimated 90 billion barrels of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil and 44 billion barrels of natural gas liquids) reference stations in or near the Arctic, integration of Iridium satellites with GNSS, and use of multi, and MSAS. More specifically, it analyzes the potential benefit of adding new SBAS reference stations

Stanford University

73

72657Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 245 / Friday, December 21, 2007 / Proposed Rules lease in million barrels of oil equivalent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in million barrels of oil equivalent (MMBOE): Water depth Minimum royalty sus- pension volume (MMBOE) (1) 200 of paragraph (b) are revised to read as follows: § 260.124 How will royalty suspension apply if MMS assigns establish a royalty suspension volume for a field as a result of an approved application for royalty relief

74

I SAND95-2448C  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SAND95-2448C SAND95-2448C eddfigt6qI7-*+ To be presented at the 32"d AIANASMEISAEIASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, Lake Buena Vista, FL, July 1-3, 1996 A SURVEY OF COMBUSTIBLE METALS, THERMITES, AND INTERMETALLICS FOR PYROTECHNIC APPLICATIONS* S. H. Fischer and M. C. Grubelich Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM 87185-1453 ABSTRACT Thermite mixtures, intermetallic reactants, and metal fuels have long been used in pyrotechnic applications. Advantage of these systems typically include high energy density, impact insensitivity, high combustion temperature, and a wide range of gas production. They generally exhibit high temperature stability, and possess insensitive ignition properties. In this paper, we review the applications, benefits, and characteristics

75

SAND76-0260 Unlimited Release  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SAND76-0260 SAND76-0260 Unlimited Release Printed July 1976 . POWER SUPPLIES FOR SPACE SYSTEMS QUALITY ASSURANCE BY SANDIA LABORATORIES Robert L. Hannigan Robert R. Harnar Electronic and Electrical Devices Division 951 2 Sandia Laboratories Albuquerque, NM 87115 AB STRAC T This report summarizes the Sandia Laboratories participation in Quality Assurance programs for Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators which have been used i n space systems over the past 10 years. Basic elements of this QA program a r e briefly de- scribed and recognition of assistance from other Sandia organizations is included. Descriptions of the various systems f o r which Sandia has had the QA responsibility a r e presented, including SNAP 1 9 (Nimbus, Pioneer, Viking), SNAP 27 (Apollo),

76

Three dimensional fabric evolution of sheared sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Granular particles undergo translation and rolling when they are sheared. This paper presents a three-dimensional (3D) experimental assessment of fabric evolution of sheared sand at the particle level. F-75 Ottawa sand specimen was tested under an axisymmetric triaxial loading condition. It measured 9.5 mm in diameter and 20 mm in height. The quantitative evaluation was conducted by analyzing 3D high-resolution x-ray synchrotron micro-tomography images of the specimen at eight axial strain levels. The analyses included visualization of particle translation and rotation, and quantification of fabric orientation as shearing continued. Representative individual particles were successfully tracked and visualized to assess the mode of interaction between them. This paper discusses fabric evolution and compares the evolution of particles within and outside the shear band as shearing continues. Changes in particle orientation distributions are presented using fabric histograms and fabric tensor.

Hasan, Alsidqi; Alshibli, Khalid (UWA)

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

77

EA-1581: Sand Hills Wind Project, Wyoming  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Bureau of Land Management, with DOE’s Western Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency, is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to construct, operate, and maintain the Sand Hills Wind Energy Facility on private and federal lands in Albany County, Wyoming. If the proposed action is implemented, Western would interconnect the proposed facility to an existing transmission line.

78

Macrodispersion in sand-shale sequences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Macrodispersion in sand-shale sequences is investigated by a series of numerical tracer tests. Hydraulic conductivity is modeled as a binary, spatially correlated random function. Realizations of the random conductivity field are simulated on a nodal grid discretizing the heterogeneous formation. Corresponding realizations of the random velocity field are obtained by solving the equation for saturated steady state flow. Particle tracking, with flux-weighted tracer injection and detection, is used to generate experimental residence time distributions (RTDs). Moments of the RTD are used to characterize longitudinal tracer spreading. Results show that macrodispersive transport in sand-shale sequences cannot be represented by a Fickian model. RTDs display a bimodal structural caused by the fast arrival of particles traveling along preferential sandstone and shale. The relative importance of channeling and tortuous flow transport mechanisms is determined by sand-shale conductivity contrast, shale volume fraction, and conductivity spatial correlation structure. Channeling is promoted by high conductivity contrasts, low shale fractions, and flow parallel to bedding in anisotropic media. Low contrasts, high shale fractions, and flow perpendicular to bedding act to break up channels and to enhance tracer spreading.

Desbarats, A.J. (Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Policy Analysis of the Canadian Oil Sands Experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For those who support U.S. oil sands development, the Canadian oil sands industry is often identified as a model the U.S. might emulate, yielding financial and energy security benefits. For opponents of domestic oil sands development, the Canadian oil sands experience illustrates the risks that opponents of development believe should deter domestic policymakers from incenting U.S. oil sands development. This report does not seek to evaluate the particular underpinnings of either side of this policy argument, but rather attempts to delve into the question of whether the Canadian experience has relevance as a foundational model for U.S. oil sands development. More specifically, this report seeks to assess whether and how the Canadian oil sands experience might be predictive or instructive in the context of fashioning a framework for a U.S. oil sands industry. In evaluating the implications of these underpinnings for a prospective U.S. oil sands industry, this report concentrates on prospective development of the oil sands deposits found in Utah.

None, None

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

EA-1581: Sand Hills Wind Project, Wyoming | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

81: Sand Hills Wind Project, Wyoming 81: Sand Hills Wind Project, Wyoming EA-1581: Sand Hills Wind Project, Wyoming Location of the proposed Sand Hills Wind Project, near Laramie, Wyoming Location of the proposed Sand Hills Wind Project, near Laramie, Wyoming Summary The Bureau of Land Management, with DOE's Western Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency, is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to construct, operate, and maintain the Sand Hills Wind Energy Facility on private and federal lands in Albany County, Wyoming. If the proposed action is implemented, Western would interconnect the proposed facility to an existing transmission line. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. List of Available Documents

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Sand Mountain Electric Cooperative - Residential Heat Pump Loan Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sand Mountain Electric Cooperative - Residential Heat Pump Loan Sand Mountain Electric Cooperative - Residential Heat Pump Loan Program Sand Mountain Electric Cooperative - Residential Heat Pump Loan Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State Alabama Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount 7% interest rate 5 or 10 year pay schedule maximum of $12,000 Provider Sand Mountain Electric Cooperative The Sand Mountain Electric Cooperative offers a heat pump loan program to eligible residential members. To qualify, members must have had power with Sand Mountain Electric Cooperative for at least one year, have the home electric bill and deeds in the same name, and pass a credit check. Heat pumps must be installed by a [http://www.smec.coop/heatpumpcontractors.htm

82

Oil shale, tar sands, and related materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This sixteen-chapter book focuses on the many problems and the new methodology associated with the commercialization of the oil shale and tar sand industry. Topics discussed include: an overview of the Department of Energy's oil shale R, D, and D program; computer simulation of explosive fracture of oil shale; fracturing of oil shale by treatment with liquid sulfur dioxide; chemistry of shale oil cracking; hydrogen sulfide evolution from Colorado oil shale; a possible mechanism of alkene/alkane production in oil shale retorting; oil shale retorting kinetics; kinetics of oil shale char gasification; a comparison of asphaltenes from naturally occurring shale bitumen and retorted shale oils: the influence of temperature on asphaltene structure; beneficiation of Green River oil shale by density methods; beneficiation of Green River oil shale pelletization; shell pellet heat exchange retorting: the SPHER energy-efficient process for retorting oil shale; retorted oil shale disposal research; an investigation into the potential economics of large-scale shale oil production; commercial scale refining of Paraho crude shale oil into military specification fuels; relation between fuel properties and chemical composition; chemical characterization/physical properties of US Navy shale-II fuels; relation between fuel properties and chemical composition: stability of oil shale-derived jet fuel; pyrolysis of shale oil residual fractions; synfuel stability: degradation mechanisms and actual findings; the chemistry of shale oil and its refined products; the reactivity of Cold Lake asphaltenes; influence of thermal processing on the properties of Cold Lake asphaltenes: the effect of distillation; thermal recovery of oil from tar sands by an energy-efficient process; and hydropyrolysis: the potential for primary upgrading of tar sand bitumen.

Stauffer, H.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Sphere impact and penetration into wet sand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present experimental results for the penetration of a solid sphere when released onto wet sand. We show, by measuring the final penetration depth, that the cohesion induced by the water can result in either a deeper or shallower penetration for a given release height compared to dry granular material. Thus the presence of water can either lubricate or stiffen the granular material. By assuming the shear rate is proportional to the impact velocity and using the depth-averaged stopping force in calculating the shear stress, we derive effective viscosities for the wet granular materials.

J. O. Marston; I. U. Vakarelski; S. T. Thoroddsen

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

84

Heating tar sands formations while controlling pressure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. Methods may include heating at least a section of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. A pressure in the majority of the section may be maintained below a fracture pressure of the formation. The pressure in the majority of the section may be reduced to a selected pressure after the average temperature reaches a temperature that is above 240.degree. C. and is at or below pyrolysis temperatures of hydrocarbons in the section. At least some hydrocarbon fluids may be produced from the formation.

Stegemeier, George Leo (Houston, TX) [Houston, TX; Beer, Gary Lee (Houston, TX) [Houston, TX; Zhang, Etuan (Houston, TX) [Houston, TX

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

85

Heating tar sands formations to visbreaking temperatures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. Methods may include heating at least a section of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. The heat may be controlled so that at least a majority of the section reaches an average temperature of between 200.degree. C. and 240.degree. C., which results in visbreaking of at least some hydrocarbons in the section. At least some visbroken hydrocarbon fluids may be produced from the formation.

Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX); Colmenares, Tulio Rafael (Houston, TX); Zhang, Etuan (Houston, TX); Marino, Marian (Houston, TX); Roes, Augustinus Wilhelmus Maria (Houston, TX); Ryan, Robert Charles (Houston, TX); Beer, Gary Lee (Houston, TX); Dombrowski, Robert James (Houston, TX); Jaiswal, Namit (Houston, TX)

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

86

Looking for Answers Around Grains of Sand | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Sand Experiments reveal unexpected precipitation behavior, insights for cleanup and carbon sequestration Tiny cul-de-sacs and passages in the soil, that affect water flow and...

87

Induction log analysis of thinly laminated sand/shale formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author examines induction log responses to a thinly laminated sand/shale sequence in a deviated borehole for arbitrary deviation (or dip) angle and sand/shale composition. He found that the induction log responses in a thinly laminated sand/shale sequence are the same as they would be if the tool is placed in a homogeneous but anisotropic formation with the horizontal and vertical conductivities given respectively by the parallel and the series conductivities of the sequence. Conversely, a thinly laminated sand/shale sequence can be identified as an anisotropic formation by induction logs. He discusses three methods to identify an anisotropic formation using induction-type logs alone.

Hagiwara, T. [Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

The mobility of petroleum hydrocarbons in Athabasca oil sands tailings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Several oil sands tailings from Suncor Energy Inc. were analysed with respect to the mobility and solubility of the petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) contaminants. At sites… (more)

Brickner, Heather

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

SANDIA REPORT SAND96-8243 UC-1409 Unlimited Release  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

copy: A01 . DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. SAND96-8243...

90

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation Bruce G. Bunting senior staff scientist Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center 2007 DOE DEER Conference...

91

Emissions of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans from the Open Burning of Household Waste in Barrels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study measured the emissions of several pollutants, including polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs), from burning mixtures designed to simulate waste generated by a “recycling” and a “nonrecycling” family in a 208-L (55-gal) burn barrel at the EPA's Open Burning Test Facility. ... Four test burns were made in which the amount of waste placed in the barrel varied from 6.4 to 13.6 kg and the amount actually burned varied from 46.6% to 68.1%. ... This study included a survey of 187 residents in rural counties of Illinois to determine the quantity and type of wastes burned, the management of the ash, and the motivation for burning. ...

Paul M. Lemieux; Christopher C. Lutes; Judith A. Abbott; Kenneth M. Aldous

2000-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

92

SANDIA REPORT SAND93-1076  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SANDIA SANDIA REPORT SAND93-1076 * u_qo UnlimitedRelease 1 Pdnted November 1993 :ii l Standard Testing Procedures for Optical Fiber and Unshielded Twisted Pair at Sandia National Laboratories R. L. Adams Pe,_e,d by Sand!a Nm#ocml L.abomlodN Albuquerque, NewMexlooI71U and Uvermore,California$M860 for the UnitedStatesDepartment ofEnergy underContract DE.ACOI-MALIIf_D SF2900Q(8-81 } _IITRIEIUTION OF THiS DGCU,VltZNT 18 UNLIMITED k Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their c_ntractors, subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability

93

Direct numerical simulations of aeolian sand ripples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aeolian sand beds exhibit regular patterns of ripples resulting from the interaction between topography and sediment transport. Their characteristics have been so far related to reptation transport caused by the impacts on the ground of grains entrained by the wind into saltation. By means of direct numerical simulations of grains interacting with a wind flow, we show that the instability turns out to be driven by resonant grain trajectories, whose length is close to a ripple wavelength and whose splash leads to a mass displacement towards the ripple crests. The pattern selection results from a compromise between this destabilizing mechanism and a diffusive downslope transport which stabilizes small wavelengths. The initial wavelength is set by the ratio of the sediment flux and the erosion/deposition rate, a ratio which increases linearly with the wind velocity. We show that this scaling law, in agreement with experiments, originates from an interfacial layer separating the saltation zone from the static sand bed, where momentum transfers are dominated by mid-air collisions. Finally, we provide quantitative support for the use the propagation of these ripples as a proxy for remote measurements of sediment transport.

Orencio Duran; Philippe Claudin; Bruno Andreotti

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

94

Microstructural characterization of a Canadian oil sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The microstructure of oil sand samples extracted at a depth of 75 m from the estuarine Middle McMurray formation (Alberta, Canada) has been investigated by using high resolution 3D X-Ray microtomography ($\\mu$CT) and Cryo Scanning Electron Microscopy (CryoSEM). $\\mu$CT images evidenced some dense areas composed of highly angular grains surrounded by fluids that are separated by larger pores full of gas. 3D Image analysis provided in dense areas porosity values compatible with in-situ log data and macroscopic laboratory determinations, showing that they are representative of intact states. $\\mu$CT hence provided some information on the morphology of the cracks and disturbance created by gas expansion. The CryoSEM technique, in which the sample is freeze fractured within the SEM chamber prior to observation, provided pictures in which the (frozen) bitumen clearly appears between the sand grains. No evidence of the existence of a thin connate water layer between grains and the bitumen, frequently mentioned in th...

Dinh, Hong Doan; Nauroy, Jean-François; Tang, Anh-Minh; Souhail, Youssef; 10.1139/T2012-072

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

TESTING OF TMR SAND MANTIS FINAL REPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Screening tests of Sand Mantis candidate materials selected for erosion resistance have been completed. The results of this testing identified that over a relatively short period of operation (<1 hour), measurable erosion will occur in each of the candidate zoom tube materials given equal operating exposure. Additionally, this testing has shown that erosion of the rubber discharge hose directly downstream of the vehicle could be expected to limit the service life of the discharge hose. On the basis of these test results, SRNL recommends the following; {lg_bullet} redesign of critical system components (e.g., zoom tube, discharge hose) should be conducted to improve system characteristics relative to erosion and capitalize on the results of this testing, {lg_bullet} continued efforts to deploy the Sand Mantis should include testing to better define and optimize operating parameters, and gain an understanding of system dynamics, {lg_bullet} discontinue wear testing with the selected materials pending redesign of critical system components (1st recommendation) and inclusion of other candidate materials. The final selection of additional candidate materials should be made following design changes, but might include a Stellite alloy or zirconia.

Krementz, D; William Daugherty, W

2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

96

SAND AND GRAVEL MINING IN COLORADO RIPARIAN HABITATS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mines, but Western Colorado sand and gravel mining is also discussed. The similarities and differencesSAND AND GRAVEL MINING IN COLORADO RIPARIAN HABITATS Ma rk A. He i fner Supervising Mined Land Reclamation Specialist Colorado Division of Mined Land Reclamation 723 Centennial Building 1313 Sherman

97

Trace Fossils from the Athabasca Oil Sands, Alberta, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...surface as an oil sands reservoir, which facilitates...the base (2). Porosity in the cleaner sands...and so on), the porosity or permeability patterns in the reservoir can be viewed as...University ofPittsburgh rock magne-tism laboratory...

S. GEORGE PEMBERTON; PETER D. FLACH; GRANT D. MOSSOP

1982-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

98

BENEFICIAL UTILIZATION OF USED FOUNDRY SANDS AS CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and state environmental agencies began to pay increasing attention to industrial pollution, safety and wasteBENEFICIAL UTILIZATION OF USED FOUNDRY SANDS AS CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS By Tarun R. Naik Director - 6696 Fax: (414) 229 - 6958 #12;-2- Beneficial Utilization of Used Foundry Sands as Construction

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

99

Tight gas sands study breaks down drilling and completion costs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Given the high cost to drill and complete tight gas sand wells, advances in drilling and completion technology that result in even modest cost savings to the producer have the potential to generate tremendous savings for the natural gas industry. The Gas Research Institute sponsored a study to evaluate drilling and completion costs in selected tight gas sands. The objective of the study was to identify major expenditures associated with tight gas sand development and determine their relative significance. A substantial sample of well cost data was collected for the study. Individual well cost data were collected from nearly 300 wells in three major tight gas sand formations: the Cotton Valley sand in East Texas, the Frontier sand in Wyoming, and the Wilcox sand in South Texas. The data were collected and organized by cost category for each formation. After the information was input into a data base, a simple statistical analysis was performed. The statistical analysis identified data discrepancies that were then resolved, and it helped allow conclusions to be drawn regarding drilling and completion costs in these tight sand formations. Results are presented.

Brunsman, B. (Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States)); Saunders, B. (S.A. Holditch Associates Inc., College Station, TX (United States))

1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

100

University of Minnesota UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Minnesota UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources Final Environmental Impact Statement Executive Summary The University of Minnesota has prepared a Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS;University of Minnesota - UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources Project Final EIS ­ October, 2010 Page i

Netoff, Theoden

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Methane Hydrate Formation and Dissociation in a Partially Saturated Core-Scale Sand Sample  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas system and the sand/hydrate/water/gas systems, as wellproperties of the sand/water/gas system, hydrate formation,saturated sand/water/gas (s/w/g) system, hydrate formation,

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Methane Hydrate Formation and Dissocation in a Partially Saturated Sand--Measurements and Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas system and the sand/hydrate/water/gas systems, as wellproperties of the sand/water/gas system, hydrate formation,saturated sand/water/gas (s/w/g) system, hydrate formation,

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Occurrence of gas hydrate in Oligocene Frio sand: Alaminos Canyon Block 818: Northern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Documented Example of Gas Hydrate Saturated Sand in the Gulfthat observed for gas hydrate-bearing sand sediments in thethan those for the gas hydrate-bearing sand formations in

Boswell, R.D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Method and apparatus for hydrocarbon recovery from tar sands  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for utilizing tar sands having a broad range of bitumen content is disclosed. More particularly, tar sands are pyrolyzed in a cyclone retort with high temperature gases recycled from the cyclone retort to produce oil and hydrocarbon products. The spent tar sands are then burned at 2000/degree/F in a burner to remove residual char and produce a solid waste that is easily disposable. The process and apparatus have the advantages of being able to utilize tar sands having a broad range of bitumen content and the advantage of producing product gases that are free from combustion gases and thereby have a higher heating value. Another important advantage is rapid pyrolysis of the tar sands in the cyclone so as to effectively utilize smaller sized reactor vessels for reducing capitol and operating costs. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Westhoff, J.D.; Harak, A.E.

1988-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

105

Method and apparatus for hydrocarbon recovery from tar sands  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for utilizing tar sands having a broad range of bitumen content is disclosed. More particularly, tar sands are pyrolyzed in a cyclone retort with high temperature gases recycled from the cyclone retort to produce oil and hydrocarbon products. The spent tar sands are then burned at 2000.degree. F. in a burner to remove residual char and produce a solid waste that is easily disposable. The process and apparatus have the advantages of being able to utilize tar sands having a broad range of bitumen content and the advantage of producing product gases that are free from combustion gases and thereby have a higher heating value. Another important advantage is rapid pyrolysis of the tar sands in the cyclone so as to effectively utilize smaller sized reactor vessels for reducing capitol and operating costs.

Westhoff, James D. (Laramie, WY); Harak, Arnold E. (Laramie, WY)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Sand Mountain Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mountain Electric Coop Mountain Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Sand Mountain Electric Coop Place Alabama Utility Id 16629 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Drainage Pumping Station LS - Outdoor Lighting Service Lighting RS - Residential Service Residential Schedule GSA - General Power Service - Part 1 Commercial Schedule GSA - General Power Service - Part 2 Commercial Schedule GSA - General Power Service - Part 3 Commercial Schedule GSB Commercial Schedule GSD Commercial

107

Direct Production of Silicones From Sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silicon, in the form of silica and silicates, is the second most abundant element in the earth's crust. However the synthesis of silicones (scheme 1) and almost all organosilicon chemistry is only accessible through elemental silicon. Silicon dioxide (sand or quartz) is converted to chemical-grade elemental silicon in an energy intensive reduction process, a result of the exceptional thermodynamic stability of silica. Then, the silicon is reacted with methyl chloride to give a mixture of methylchlorosilanes catalyzed by cooper containing a variety of tract metals such as tin, zinc etc. The so-called direct process was first discovered at GE in 1940. The methylchlorosilanes are distilled to purify and separate the major reaction components, the most important of which is dimethyldichlorosilane. Polymerization of dimethyldichlorosilane by controlled hydrolysis results in the formation of silicone polymers. Worldwide, the silicones industry produces about 1.3 billion pounds of the basic silicon polymer, polydimethylsiloxane.

Larry N. Lewis; F.J. Schattenmann: J.P. Lemmon

2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Acoustic sand detector for fluid flowstreams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The particle volume and particle mass production rate of particulate solids entrained in fluid flowstreams such as formation sand or fracture proppant entrained in oil and gas production flowstreams is determined by a system having a metal probe interposed in a flow conduit for transmitting acoustic emissions created by particles impacting the probe to a sensor and signal processing circuit which produces discrete signals related to the impact of each of the particles striking the probe. The volume or mass flow rate of particulates is determined from making an initial particle size distribution and particle energy distribution and comparing the initial energy distribution and/or the initial size distribution with values related to the impact energies of a predetermined number of recorded impacts. The comparison is also used to recalibrate the system to compensate for changes in flow velocity.

Beattie, Alan G. (Corrales, NM); Bohon, W. Mark (Frisco, TX)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - amaro mineral sand Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with the origin... Abstract Sorption of phosphorus (P) to the bed sand medium is a major removal mechanism for P in subsurface... flow constructed wetlands. Selecting a sand...

110

E-Print Network 3.0 - aeolian sands underlain Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

deposition of reworked flood sand. Thompson and Potochnik (2000) concluded that sediment... of aeolian sand since the clo- sure of Glen Canyon Dam in 1963. Multiple sets of...

111

Sand Dunes Hot Spring Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sand Dunes Hot Spring Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Sand Dunes Hot Spring Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Sand Dunes Hot Spring Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Sand Dunes Hot Spring Sector Geothermal energy Type Aquaculture Location Hooper, Colorado Coordinates 37.7427775°, -105.8752987° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

112

RFC Sand Creek Development LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RFC Sand Creek Development LLC RFC Sand Creek Development LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name RFC Sand Creek Development LLC Place Aurora, Colorado Zip 80014 Product Subsidiary of Republic Financial Corporation set up to invest in Sand Creek Energy LLC, a planned gas to liquid facility. Coordinates 39.325162°, -79.54975° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.325162,"lon":-79.54975,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

113

A Typology of Foredune Textures: Sand Patches and Climate Controls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foredunes are formed and developed in association with vegetation. A bare sand area has been viewed as a measure of dune mobility or activity and researched in association with climate controls: particularly wind power, annual mean precipitation...

Ryu, Wansang

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

114

Experiments on Hydrocarbon Gas Hydrates in Unconsolidated Sand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments were carried out to observe the formation and decomposition of hydrocarbon gas hydrates in an unconsolidated sand pack 4.4 cm in diameter and ... 43 bars and 5 to 10°C; gas used was 90% methane and 10...

P. E. Baker

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Aging effects on oil-contaminated Kuwaiti sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large quantities of oil-contaminated sands resulted from the destruction of oil wells and the formation of oil lakes in Kuwait at the end of the Gulf Wa/r. A laboratory testing program was carried out to determine the geotechnical properties of this material and the effect of aging on their properties. Tests included direct shear, triaxial, and consolidation tests on clean and contaminated sand at the same relative density. The influence of aging was examined by testing uncontaminated sand after aging for one, three, and six months in natural environmental conditions. The results indicated increased strength and stiffness due to aging and a reduction of the oil content due to evaporation of volatile compounds. The factors that influence the depth of oil penetration in compacted sand columns were also examined including the type of oil, relative density, and the amount of fines.

Al-Sanad, H.A.; Ismael, N.F. [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Unconsolidated oil sands: Vertical Single Well SAGD optimization.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Several recovery processes have been proposed for heavy oil and oil sands de-pending on the reservoir and fluid properties, among which steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD)… (more)

Jamali, Ali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Western tight gas sands advanced logging workshop proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An advanced logging research program is one major aspect of the Western Tight Sands Program. Purpose of this workshop is to help BETC define critical logging needs for tight gas sands and to allow free interchange of ideas on all aspects of the current logging research program. Sixteen papers and abstracts are included together with discussions. Separate abstracts have been prepared for the 12 papers. (DLC)

Jennings, J B; Carroll, Jr, H B [eds.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

The effect of temperature on relative permeability of unconsolidated sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON RELATIVE PERMEABILITY OF UNCONSOLIDATED SAND A Thesis By SIMON YSRAEL Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A%M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE.... Summary of Water Flood at 150 F VII. Summary of Water Flood at 293 F 48 49 50 ABSTRACT The purpose of this work was to investigate the effect of temperature on relative permeability of unconsolidated sand. The present work was performed...

Ysrael, Simon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

119

Creating and maintaining a gas cap in tar sands formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for treating a tar sands formation are disclosed herein. Methods for treating a tar sands formation may include providing heat to at least part of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from one or more heaters located in the formation. Pressure may be allowed to increase in an upper portion of the formation to provide a gas cap in the upper portion. At least some hydrocarbons are produced from a lower portion of the formation.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX); Dinkoruk, Deniz Sumnu (Houston, TX); Wellington, Scott Lee (Bellaire, TX)

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

120

Donoghue et al.1 MODEL FOR IDENTIFYING AND CHARACTERIZING OFFSHORE SAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Donoghue et al.1 MODEL FOR IDENTIFYING AND CHARACTERIZING OFFSHORE SAND SOURCES USING of offshore sand bodies. Such sand bodies might be suitable as borrow sand for renourishment projects, an interpretation of the regional patterns in offshore sediment characteristics, and a knowledge of the regional sea

Donoghue, Joseph

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Phase behavior of methane hydrate in silica sand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Two kinds of silica sand powder with different particle size were used to investigate the phase behavior of methane hydrate bearing sediment. In coarse-grained silica sand, the measured temperature and pressure range was (281.1 to 284.2) K and (5.9 to 7.8) MPa, respectively. In fine-grained silica sand, the measured temperature and pressure range was (281.5 to 289.5) K and (7.3 to 16.0) MPa, respectively. The results show that the effect of coarse-grained silica sand on methane hydrate phase equilibrium can be ignored; however, the effect of fine-grained silica sand on methane hydrate phase equilibrium is significant, which is attributed to the depression of water activity caused by the hydrophilicity and negatively charged characteristic of silica particle as well as the pore capillary pressure. Besides, the analysis of experimental results using the Gibbs–Thomson equation shows that methane hydrate phase equilibrium is related to the pore size distribution of silica sand. Consequently, for the correct application of phase equilibrium data of hydrate bearing sediment, the geological condition and engineering requirement should be taken into consideration in gas production, resource evaluation, etc.

Shi-Cai Sun; Chang-Ling Liu; Yu-Guang Ye; Yu-Feng Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

The extraction of bitumen from western tar sands. Annual report, July 1990--July 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contents of this report include the following: executive summary; characterization of the native bitumen from the Whiterocks oil sand deposit; influence of carboxylic acid content on bitumen viscosity; water based oil sand separation technology; extraction of bitumen from western oil sands by an energy-efficient thermal method; large- diameter fluidized bed reactor studies; rotary kiln pyrolysis of oil sand; catalytic upgrading of bitumen and bitumen derived liquids; ebullieted bed hydrotreating and hydrocracking; super critical fluid extraction; bitumen upgrading; 232 references; Appendix A--Whiterocks tar sand deposit bibliography; Appendix B--Asphalt Ridge tar sand deposit bibliography; and Appendix C--University of Utah tar sands bibliography.

Oblad, A.G.; Bunger, J.W.; Deo, M.D.; Hanson, F.V.; Miller, J.D.; Seader, J.D.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

DOE/EA-1584: Final Environmental Assessment for Sand Point Wind Installation Project, Sand Point, Alaska (September 2009)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sand Point Wind Installation Project Sand Point, Alaska DOE/EA -1584 U.S. Department of Energy Golden Field Office 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3305 September 2009 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1.0 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................. 1 1.1 NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT AND RELATED PROCEDURES....................................................................................................... 1 1.2 BACKGROUND .................................................................................................... 1 1.3 PURPOSE AND NEED.......................................................................................... 2 1.4 PUBLIC SCOPING AND CONSULTATION.......................................................

124

Geotechnical properties of oil-contaminated Kuwaiti sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large quantities of oil-contaminated sands resulted from exploded oil wells, burning oil fires, the destruction of oil storage tanks, and the formation of oil lakes in Kuwait at the end of the Gulf War. An extensive laboratory testing program was carried out to determine the geotechnical characteristics of this material. Testing included basic properties, compaction and permeability tests, and triaxial and consolidation tests on clean and contaminated sand at the same relative density. Contaminated specimens were prepared by mixing the sand with oil in the amount of 6% by weight or less to match field conditions. The influence of the type of oil, and relative density was also investigated by direct shear tests. The results indicated a small reduction in strength and permeability and an increase in compressibility due to contamination. The preferred method of disposal of this material is to use it as a stabilizing material for other projects such as road construction.

Al-Sanad, H.A.; Eid, W.K.; Ismael, N.F. [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait). Dept. of Civil Engineering] [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Electrostatic cleaning system for removal of sand from solar panels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An improved cleaning system has been developed that uses electrostatic force to remove sand from the surface of solar panels. A single-phase high voltage is applied to parallel wire electrodes embedded in the cover glass plate of a solar panel. It has been demonstrated that more than 90% of the adhering sand is repelled from the surface of the slightly inclined panel after the cleaning operation. The performance of the system was further improved by improving the electrode configuration and introducing natural wind on the surface of the panel, even when the deposition of sand on the panel is extremely high. The power consumption of this system is virtually zero. This technology is expected to increase the effective efficiency of mega solar power plants constructed in deserts at low latitudes.

Hiroyuki Kawamoto; Takuya Shibata

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Microbial Fuel Cells -Solar Times http://solar.rain-barrel.net/microbial-fuel-cells/ 1 of 3 6/28/2006 11:32 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.com Hydrogen Fuel Cells Buy Commercial & Educational Stacks PEM, Fuel Cell Generators & More! www.TheHydrogenCompany.com Hydrogen Fuel Cell Improve Your Fuel Economy 20 to 50% Begin Saving Fuel Now www.SaveMoreWithHydrogenMicrobial Fuel Cells - Solar Times http://solar.rain-barrel.net/microbial-fuel-cells/ 1 of 3 6

Lovley, Derek

127

Investigation of guided waves propagation in pipe buried in sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The inspection of pipelines by guided wave testing is a well-established method for the detection of corrosion defects in pipelines, and is currently used routinely in a variety of industries, e.g. petrochemical and energy. When the method is applied to pipes buried in soil, test ranges tend to be significantly compromised because of attenuation of the waves caused by energy radiating into the soil. Moreover, the variability of soil conditions dictates different attenuation characteristics, which in-turn results in different, unpredictable, test ranges. We investigate experimentally the propagation and attenuation characteristics of guided waves in pipes buried in fine sand using a well characterized full scale experimental apparatus. The apparatus consists of an 8 inch-diameter, 5.6-meters long steel pipe embedded over 3 meters of its length in a rectangular container filled with fine sand, and an air-bladder for the application of overburden pressure. Longitudinal and torsional guided waves are excited in the pipe and recorded using a transducer ring (Guided Ultrasonics Ltd). Acoustic properties of the sand are measured independently in-situ and used to make model predictions of wave behavior in the buried pipe. We present the methodology and the systematic measurements of the guided waves under a range of conditions, including loose and compacted sand. It is found that the application of overburden pressure modifies the compaction of the sand and increases the attenuation, and that the measurement of the acoustic properties of sand allows model prediction of the attenuation of guided waves in buried pipes with a high level of confidence.

Leinov, Eli; Cawley, Peter; Lowe, Michael J.S. [NDE Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

128

Completion methods in thick, multilayered tight gas sands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sands have been proposed in the petroleum literature. Kuuskraa, V.A. and Haas, M.R. proposed that “tight gas is merely an arbitrary delineation of a natural geologic continuity in the permeability of a reservoir rock. The dominant characteristic...-situ permeability as low as 0.001 mD”6. 10 Misra, R. proposed that “tight gas sands are reservoirs that have low permeability (< 0.1 mD) and which cannot be produced at economic flow rates or do not produce economic volumes without the assistance from...

Ogueri, Obinna Stavely

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

129

Completion methods in thick, multilayered tight gas sands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sands have been proposed in the petroleum literature. Kuuskraa, V.A. and Haas, M.R. proposed that ?tight gas is merely an arbitrary delineation of a natural geologic continuity in the permeability of a reservoir rock. The dominant characteristic...-situ permeability as low as 0.001 mD?6. 10 Misra, R. proposed that ?tight gas sands are reservoirs that have low permeability (< 0.1 mD) and which cannot be produced at economic flow rates or do not produce economic volumes without the assistance from...

Ogueri, Obinna Stavely

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Methane hydrate distribution from prolonged and repeated formation in natural and compacted sand samples: X-ray CT observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

voxel contained sand, gas, hydrate (under proper conditions)of Gas Hydrate Formation in a Bed of Silica Sand Particles.Gas Hydrate Formation in a Variable Volume Bed of Silica Sand

Rees, E.V.L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

X-ray computed-tomography observations of water flow through anisotropic methane hydrate-bearing sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conductivity of gas hydrate-bearing sand. J. Geophys. Res.the water and gas flow through hydrate-bearing sands.The gas from hydrate dissociation in the fine sand appears

Seol, Yongkoo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Effects of sand burial depth on seed germination and seedling emergence of Cirsium pitcheri  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A greenhouse study was conducted to determine the effects of sand burial on seed germination and seedling emergence of Cirsium pitcheri, a threatened species along Lake Huron sand dunes. In October 1996, seeds...

Hua Chen; M.A. Maun

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Compaction and swelling characteristics of sand-bentonite and pumice-bentonite mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of sand-bentonite mixture backfill. Applied Clay Science , 26...of sand-bentonite mixture backfill before and after swelling deformation...Co. Pusch R. (2001) The Buffer and Backfill Handbook, Part 2: Materials and Techniques...

Z. Gökalp; M. Ba?aran; O. Uzun

134

Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine with EGR using Oil Sands...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine with EGR using Oil Sands Derived Fuels Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine with EGR using Oil Sands Derived Fuels 2003 DEER Conference Presentation:...

135

Nitrate-Cancrinite Precipitation on Quartz Sand in Simulated Hanford  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nitrate-Cancrinite Precipitation on Quartz Sand in Simulated Hanford Tank Solutions B A R R Y R . B minerals at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford site in Washington. Nitrate-cancrinite began's (DOE) Hanford Site in southeast Washington since the late 1950s (1). To predict the fate

Illinois at Chicago, University of

136

Water distribution measurement in sand using sound vibration and SLDV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water distribution measurement in sand using sound vibration and SLDV T. Sugimotoa , Y. Nakagawaa vibrator is used as a sound source. SLDV measures the vibration of ground surface. The propagation velocity between vibrator and measuring point is used to estimate the water distribution. Also, the soil

Boyer, Edmond

137

Tree Harvest in an Experimental Sand Ecosystem: Plant Effects on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to determine how trees affect the behavior of these nutrients in soil water, both during growth and afterTree Harvest in an Experimental Sand Ecosystem: Plant Effects on Nutrient Dynamics and Solute Sciences/US Department of Agriculture, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164, USA; 4 USDA

Vermont, University of

138

Frisco City sand: New Jurassic reservoir in southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first commercial production of hydrocarbons from the Jurassic Haynesville Formation in southwestern Alabama was from the Frisco City field. The field currently produces 57.8{degree} API gravity oil on 160-ac well spacing from a depth of approximately 12,000 ft. Perforations are in the Frisco City sand interval, in the lower part of the Haynesville Formation. Average porosity is 15% and average permeability is 45 md. Currently, the field has two producing wells with cumulative production of over 138,876 bbl of oil and 213,144 mcf of gas. The hydrocarbon trap in the Frisco City field is a combination structural-stratigraphic trap. The Frisco City sand reservoir is located on a faulted anticline. The stratigraphic trap is produced by a permeability barrier near the crest of the structure and termination against a basement high. The lower part of the Haynesville Formation in this area is comprised of (in ascending order) the Buckner Anhydrite Member, the Frisco City sand, and interbedded shale and anhydrite. Sandstones of the Frisco City sand interval were deposited in a shallow marine setting and have a sheetlike morphology. The sandstones are poorly to moderately sorted, angular to rounded arkose, and contain angular to rounded pebbles. The sandstones are interbedded with thin, sandy, mudstones that contribute, along with patchy carbonate and anhydrite cement, to considerable reservoir heterogeneity. Porosity is predominantly primary intergranular with a small amount of framework grain dissolution and decementation.

Mann, S.D.; Mink, R.M.; Bearden, B.L. (Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (USA)); Schneeflock, R.D. Jr. (Paramount Petroleum Co., Inc., Jackson, MS (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

University of Minnesota UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aggregate mines adjacent to and near the UMore Mining Area. An Environmental Impact Statement (EIS;UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources Project ­ Final Scoping Decision Document University of Minnesota and Gravel Resources Project ­ Final Scoping Decision Document University of Minnesota, May 2009 Page 2

Netoff, Theoden

140

University of Minnesota UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Minnesota UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources Final Environmental Impact Statement has prepared a Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the establishment of new aggregate mines and Gravel Resources Project Final EIS ­ October, 2010 Page i Executive Summary The University of Minnesota

Netoff, Theoden

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

PUBLIC OPEN HOUSE Sand and Gravel Resources at UMore Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PUBLIC OPEN HOUSE Sand and Gravel Resources at UMore Park Environmental Impact Statement (EIS Impact Statement (EIS)? A legal, full disclosure document that identifies the anticipated environmental) Process Thursday, November 6, 2008 Rosemount Community Center Rosemount, MN #12;What is an Environmental

Netoff, Theoden

142

Depositional environment of the "stringer sand" member, Lower Tuscaloosa Formation (Cretaceous), Mallalieu field, Mississippi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

day per well. The ultimate recoverable reserves are estimated to be 35, 000, 000 barrels (Mississippi Geological Society, 1957). As of December 31, 1966, the cumulative production for the field was 31, 600, 153 barrels of oil and 11, 047, 790, 000... from fine to medium grained. Some of the sandstones are carbonaceous and lignitic, and others contain limestone nodules and clay pellets. Rainwater (1962) suggests that the Dantzler is dominantly a continental deposit and changes southward...

Cook, Billy Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

143

Stratigraphy of Upper Miocene Potter sands, Midway-Sunset field, Kern County, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Upper Miocene Potter sands in the northern part of the Midway-Sunset field were analyzed extensively using detailed electric-log correlations. Structural and stratigraphic cross sections and subsurface mapping demonstrate variations across four general areas in T31S, R22E, referred to as west (parts of Secs. 16, 17, 21), north (parts of Secs. 15, 16), east (part of sec. 14), and south (within Sec. 27). Potter sands deposited in the west area represent the oldest strata of the Potter sequence because they unconformably overlie older silts, diatomaceous shales, and isolated sand channels believed to be part of the Antelope Shale Member. These sands are interpreted to represent massive debris flow/grain flows deposited in a proximal channel-trough system that carried sediments from west to east, toward the low point of the Midway syncline. In the north area, Potter sands change abruptly from massive sands in the eastern part of Sec. 16 to thinner sand channels with more correlative and continuous silt interbeds in Sec. 15. The massive sands are stratigraphically equivalent, if not slightly younger than, sands in the west. However, at the base, these sands depositionally onlap onto the southwest flank of the globe anticline. The Potter sand channel packages thin in Sec. 15, which represents lateral facies changes within the system as the sand to silt ratios become lower and the silts become more continuous. Potter sands in the east area are the uppermost and youngest strata encountered in the study area. Although massive sand channel packages are common, they show better lateral continuity and exhibit lower sand to silt ratios than the north sequences. In the south area, Potter sands are interbedded with continuous silt units that can be mapped over much of the section.

Balch, D.C.; Martin, T.K.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The effect of temperature on a variable permeability, two-stage sand consolidation technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. W. : "Consolidation of Silty Sands with an Epoxy Resin Overf lush Process, " Journal of Petroleum Technology (September 1970) 1103-1108. 36 8. Brooks, F. A. , Jr. : "Consolidation of Dirty Sands by Phenol- Formaldehyde Plastic, " Journal... Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. S. W. Poston The production of sand from oil and gas wells producing from uncon- solidatedd formations has been a major problem in the petroleum industry for many years . One popular method of sand control...

Barger, Blane Rene

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Investigation of in-situ low-temperature oxidation as a viable sand consolidation technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development phase of a major project to develop a novel sand control technique that could overcome the technical and economic limitations associated with existing methods of sand control. The novel technique, the various process-controlling parameters were optimized to yield consolidated sand with the highest possible

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

146

Analytical models of the effective permeability of sand-shale reservoirs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......overall properties of anisotropic composites, J...permeability of sand-shale reservoirs J. F...of statistically anisotropic materials in terms...the case of sand-shale reservoirs, it...both isotropic and anisotropic grain structures...permeability of sand-shale reservoirs with......

J. F. McCarthy

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Adapted by Joshua Johnson November 12, 2013 Sand Tank (1st  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adapted by Joshua Johnson November 12, 2013 Sand Tank (1st Grade) Lesson Plan Science Standards: Sand Tank provided by the CSM Integrated Groundwater Modeling Center Food coloring Aquifer activity and/or the Sand Tank Curriculum Guide. Lecture: 1. So you live in a city, where do you get your clean

148

Integration of reclamation and tailings management in oil sands surface mine planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The processing of oil sands generates large volumes of slurry, known as tailings, that is impounded in tailings ponds. Oil sands operators are committed to develop reclamation plans to ensure that the mine site is restored to a natural or economically ... Keywords: Integer programming, Mine planning, Oil sands, Open-pit mining, Reclamation planning, Strategic planning, Tailings management

Mohammad Mahdi Badiozamani; Hooman Askari-Nasab

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

ARTICLE IN PRESS Oxalate, calcium and ash intake and excretion balances in fat sand rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chelates Ca2+ , reducing Ca2+ availability in food and plasma (Concon, 1988). However, fat sand rats canARTICLE IN PRESS Oxalate, calcium and ash intake and excretion balances in fat sand rats (Psammomys Fat sand rats Psammomys obesus feed exclusively on plants of the family Chenopodiaceae, which contain

Vatnick, Itzick

150

Sunco Oil manufactures three types of gasoline (gas 1, gas 2 and gas 3). Each type is produced by blending three types of crude oil (crude 1, crude 2 and crude 3). The sales price per barrel of gasoline and the purchase price per  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sunco Oil manufactures three types of gasoline (gas 1, gas 2 and gas 3). Each type is produced by blending three types of crude oil (crude 1, crude 2 and crude 3). The sales price per barrel of gasoline and the purchase price per barrel of crude oil are given in following table: Gasoline Sale Price per barrel Gas 1

Phillips, David

151

Soil damping constants related to common soil properties in sands and clays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Granular Materials Tested 83 V ITA 88 Vii LIST OP TABLES Table. Results of Tests on Ottawa Sand Page 22 Result. s of Tests on Arkansas Sand 23 Results of Tests on Victoria Sand 24 VI VII Error Resulting from Approximations Study of Void Ratio... Sand Nohr's Circle Diagram for Victoria Sand 65 82 N0TATION The following symbols are used in this study: CE 35 EA 62 EA 60 EA 55 EA 50 fps a viscous damping constant, Eall pit sandy clay at an approximate moisture content of 35 percent...

Gibson, Gary Clive

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

SAND97-8490 UC-404 Unlimited Release  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SAND97-8490 UC-404 SAND97-8490 UC-404 Unlimited Release Printed March 1997 J Mechanical Properties and Energy Absorption Characteristics of a Polyurethane Foam S. H. Goods, C. L. Neuschwanger, C. Henderson, D. M. Skala DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as a n account of work sponsored by a n agenq of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warrantyy express or impIied, or assumes any legal liabili- ty or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, appa- ratus, product, or process disdased, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necrsariiy constitute or

153

Tight sands gain as U.S. gas source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report, the last of a four part series assessing unconventional gas development in the US, examines the state of the tight gas sands industry following the 1992 expiration of the qualification period for the Sec. 29 Nonconventional Fuels Tax Credit. Because tight gas sands were the most mature of the unconventional gas sources and received only a modest tax credit, one would not expect much change when the tax credit qualification period ended, and post-1992 drilling and production data confirm this. What the overall statistics do not show, and thus the main substance of this article, is how rediscovered tight gas plays and the evolution in tight gas exploration and extraction technology have shifted the outlook for tight gas drilling and its economics from a low productivity, marginally economic resource to a low cost source of gas supply.

Kuuskraa, V.A.; Hoak, T.E.; Kuuskraa, J.A. [Advanced Resources International Inc., Arlington, VA (United States); Hansen, J. [Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

154

White Sands, New Mexico: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sands, New Mexico: Energy Resources Sands, New Mexico: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 32.38319°, -106.481499° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.38319,"lon":-106.481499,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

155

File:OilSands.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OilSands.pdf OilSands.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:OilSands.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 1.69 MB, MIME type: application/pdf, 85 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:24, 14 February 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 14:24, 14 February 2012 1,275 × 1,650, 85 pages (1.69 MB) Graham7781 (Talk | contribs)

156

Bonding Strength by Methane Hydrate Formed among Sand Particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of methane hydrate?bearing sand were investigated by low temperature and high confining pressure triaxial testing apparatus in the present study. The specimens were prepared by infiltrating the methane gas into partially saturated sand specimen under the given temperature and stress condition which is compatible with the phase equilibrium condition for the stability of methane hydrate. The tests were firstly performed to investigate the effect of temperature on the shear behaviour of the specimen. Then the effect of backpressure was investigated. The strength of methane hydrate bearing sand increased as the temperature decreased and the back pressure increased. The bonding strength due to methane hydrate was dependent on methane hydrate saturation temperature and back pressure but independent of effective stress. Dissociation tests of methane hydrate were also performed by applying the temperature to the specimen at the various initial stress conditions. The marked development of shear and volumetric strains were observed due to dissociation of the methane hydrate in the specimen corresponding to the initial stress conditions.

M. Hyodo; Y. Nakata; N. Yoshimoto; R. Orense; J. Yoneda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Battle for the Barrel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to come from "advanced" biofuels, primarily cellulosic ethanol, with relatively small amounts of biodiesel and biofuels derived from algae, among other sources. This surge in cellulosic ethanol production was originally planned to begin in...

Robert F. Service

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

158

Battle for the Barrel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden...says Coleman Jones, biofuel implementation manager...Congress to make the use of biofuels mandatory. That would...Congress could give all alternative energy producers a huge lift...

Robert F. Service

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

159

Over a pork barrel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Finally, Congress has bought into the notion that R&D is the key to economic competitiveness. So helping colleges and universities get some federal money is more enticing than it ...

David Goldston

2007-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

160

Battle for the Barrel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...producers go beyond such mandates over the next few years and flood the market with their fuel, there may be nowhere for it to go...director of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. To work with higher ethanol blends, carmakers will need...

Robert F. Service

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

National Metal Casting Research Institute final report. Volume 1, Sand reclamation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mobile thermal foundry sand reclamation unit was designed and constructed. This unit consisted of thermal and mechanical sand reclamation equipment installed on the bed of a 50 foot low-boy trailer. It was transported to a number of Midwest foundries for on-site demonstration of the sand reclamation process. This allowed participating foundries to have their own refuse sand (10-100 tons) processed and then reused in production for evaluation. The purpose for building the unit was to demonstrate to foundries through ``hands on`` experience that refuse sands can be reclaimed and successfully reused particularly in regard to product quality. Most of the participating foundries indicated a high level of satisfaction with the reclaimed sand. Laboratory testing of samples of the used sand, before and after processing by the demonstration unit, verified the usability of the reclaimed sand. One of the foundries participating was a brass foundry, the sand from this foundry contained lead and is classified as a hazardous material. After reclamation the sand was no longer hazardous and could also be reused in the foundry.

Vondra, L.F.; Burningham, J.S. [University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA (United States). Dept. of Industrial Technology

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Assessment of the KE Basin Sand Filter Inventory In Support of Hazard Categorization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1978, the water cleaning system for the KE Basin was upgraded by adding a sand filter and ion exchange columns. Basin water containing finely divided solids is collected by three surface skimmers and pumped to the sand filter. Filtrate from the sand filter is further treated in the ion exchange modules. The suspended solids accumulate in the sand until the pressure drop across the filter reaches established operating limits, at which time the sand filter is backwashed. The backwash is collected in the NLOP, where the solids are allowed to settle as sludge. Figure 2-1 shows a basic piping and instrumentation diagram depicting the relationship among the basin skimmers, sand filter, and NLOP. During the course of deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) of the K-Basins, the sand filter and its media will need to be dispositioned. The isotopic distribution of the sludge in the sand filter has been estimated in KE Basin Sand Filter Monolith DQO (KBC-24705). This document estimates the sand filter contribution to the KE hazard categorization using the data from the DQO.

Ross, Steven B.; Young, Jonathan

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

163

The extraction of bitumen from western oil sands: Volume 2. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The program is composed of 20 projects, of which 17 are laboratory bench or laboratory pilot scale processes or computer process simulations that are performed in existing facilities on the University of Utah campus in north-east Salt Lake City. These tasks are: (1) coupled fluidized-bed bitumen recovery and coked sand combustion; (2) water-based recovery of bitumen; (3) oil sand pyrolysis in a continuous rotary kiln reactor; (4) oil sand pyrolysis in a large diameter fluidized bed reactor; (5) oil sand pyrolysis in a small diameter fluidized bed reactor; (6) combustion of spent sand in a transport reactor; (7) recovery and upgrading of oil sand bitumen using solvent extraction methods; (8) fixed-bed hydrotreating of Uinta Basin bitumens and bitumen-derived hydrocarbon liquids; (9) ebullieted bed hydrotreating of bitumen and bitumen derived liquids; (10) bitumen upgrading by hydropyrolysis; (11) evaluation of Utah`s major oil sand deposits for the production of asphalt, high-energy jet fuels and other specialty products; (12) characterization of the bitumens and reservoir rocks from the Uinta Basin oil sand deposits; (13) bitumen upgrading pilot plant recommendations; (14) liquid-solid separation and fine tailings thickening; (15) in-situ production of heavy oil from Uinta Basin oil sand deposits; (16) oil sand research and development group analytical facility; and (17) process economics. This volume contains reports on nine of these projects, references, and a bibliography. 351 refs., 192 figs., 65 tabs.

Oblad, A.G.; Dahlstrom, D.A.; Deo, M.D.; Fletcher, J.V.; Hanson, F.V.; Miller, J.D.; Seader, J.D.

1997-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

164

The extraction of bitumen from western oil sands: Volume 1. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The program is composed of 20 projects, of which 17 are laboratory bench or laboratory pilot scale processes or computer process simulations that are performed in existing facilities on the University of Utah campus in north-east Salt Lake City. These tasks are: (1) coupled fluidized-bed bitumen recovery and coked sand combustion; (2) water-based recovery of bitumen; (3) oil sand pyrolysis in a continuous rotary kiln reactor; (4) oil sand pyrolysis in a large diameter fluidized bed reactor; (5) oil sand pyrolysis in a small diameter fluidized bed reactor; (6) combustion of spent sand in a transport reactor; (7) recovery and upgrading of oil sand bitumen using solvent extraction methods; (8) fixed-bed hydrotreating of Uinta Basin bitumens and bitumen-derived hydrocarbon liquids; (9) ebullieted bed hydrotreating of bitumen and bitumen derived liquids; (10) bitumen upgrading by hydropyrolysis; (11) evaluation of Utah`s major oil sand deposits for the production of asphalt, high-energy jet fuels and other specialty products; (12) characterization of the bitumens and reservoir rocks from the Uinta Basin oil sand deposits; (13) bitumen upgrading pilot plant recommendations; (14) liquid-solid separation and fine tailings thickening; (15) in-situ production of heavy oil from Uinta Basin oil sand deposits; (16) oil sand research and development group analytical facility; and (17) process economics. This volume contains an executive summary and reports for five of these projects. 137 figs., 49 tabs.

Oblad, A.G.; Dahlstrom, D.A.; Deo, M.D.; Fletcher, J.V.; Hanson, F.V.; Miller, J.D.; Seader, J.D.

1997-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

165

Heterotrophic denitrification of aquaculture effluent using fluidized sand biofilters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The ability to consistently and cost-effectively reduce nitrate-nitrogen loads in effluent from recirculating aquaculture systems would enhance the industry's environmental stewardship and allow improved facility proximity to large markets in sensitive watersheds. Heterotrophic denitrification technologies specifically employing organic carbon found in aquaculture system waste offer a unique synergy for treatment of land-based, closed-containment production outflows. For space-efficient fluidized sand biofilters to be used as such denitrification reactors, system parameters (e.g., influent dissolved oxygen and carbon to nitrogen ratios, C:N) must be evaluated to most effectively use an endogenous carbon source. The objectives of this work were to quantify nitrate removal under a range of C:Ns and to explore the biofilter bacterial community using three replicated fluidized sand biofilters (height 3.9 m, diameter 0.31 m; fluidized sand volume plus biofilm volume of 0.206 m3) operated at a hydraulic retention time of 15 min and a hydraulic loading rate of 188 L/min m2 at The Conservation Fund Freshwater Institute in Shepherdstown, West Virginia, USA. Nitrate reduction was consistently observed during the biofilter study period (26.9 ± 0.9% removal efficiency; 402 ± 14 g NO3-N/(m3 biofilter d)) although nitrite-N and total ammonium nitrogen concentrations slightly increased (11 and 13% increases, respectively). Nitrate removal efficiency was correlated with carbonaceous oxygen demand to nitrate ratios (R2 > 0.70). Nitrate removal rates during the study period were moderately negatively correlated with influent dissolved oxygen concentration indicating it may be possible the biofilter hydraulic retention time was too short to provide optimized nitrate removal. It is reasonable to assume that the efficiency of nitrate removal across the fluidized sand biofilters could be substantially increased, as long as organic carbon was not limiting, by increasing biofilter bed depths (to 6–10 m), and thus hydraulic retention time. These findings provide a low-cost yet effective technology to remove nitrate-nitrogen from effluent waters of land-based closed-containment aquaculture systems.

Scott Tsukuda; Laura Christianson; Alex Kolb; Keiko Saito; Steven Summerfelt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Systems and methods for producing hydrocarbons from tar sands formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for treating a tar sands formation is disclosed. A plurality of heaters are located in the formation. The heaters include at least partially horizontal heating sections at least partially in a hydrocarbon layer of the formation. The heating sections are at least partially arranged in a pattern in the hydrocarbon layer. The heaters are configured to provide heat to the hydrocarbon layer. The provided heat creates a plurality of drainage paths for mobilized fluids. At least two of the drainage paths converge. A production well is located to collect and produce mobilized fluids from at least one of the converged drainage paths in the hydrocarbon layer.

Li, Ruijian (Katy, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

2009-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

167

Production from multiple zones of a tar sands formation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a tar sands formation includes providing heat to at least part of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. The heat is allowed to transfer from the heaters to at least a portion of the formation. Fluids are produced from the formation through at least one production well that is located in at least two zones in the formation. The first zone has an initial permeability of at least 1 darcy. The second zone has an initial of at most 0.1 darcy. The two zones are separated by a substantially impermeable barrier.

Karanikas, John Michael; Vinegar, Harold J

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

168

The effect of variable permeability on a two stage sand consolidation technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Configuration 3 Location of Compressive Strength and Permeability Cores for Offset Configuration 4 Profile of Resin Composition Page 10 20 LIST OF TABLES Table 1 Results of a Single Stage, Low Rate Sand Consolidation Treatment Page 12 2 Results of a... in the surface equip- ment. The problem of sand production results in the petro- leum industry spending millions of dollars a year in search of a solution. ~ Epoxy resin sand consolidation methods are complicated by high permeability streaks in the reservoir...

Tobola, David Philip

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Investigation of the thermal conductivity of unconsolidated sand packs containing oil, water, and gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATION OF THE THERNAL CONDUCTIVITY OF UNCONSOLIDATED SAND PACKS CONTAINING OIL, WATER, AND GAS A Thesis David E. Gore Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Nechanical College oi' Texas in Partial fulfillment.... EXPERIMENTAL EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURE All tests were performed on unconsolidated sand packs containing either one, two, or three saturating fluids, Phys- ical properties of the sand and saturating fluids are shown in Tables I and II in the Appendix...

Gore, David Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

170

Plant geography of coastal sand dune vegetation of the Tamaulipan Biotic Province  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, with 140-160 cm mean annual rainfall and dark heavy mineral sand, 4) eastern Veracruz, Tabasco, and western Campeche, with 170-260 cm mean annual rainfall and tan quartz sand, 5) Laguna de Terminos, and the remaining three sectors for the Peninsula... in Veracruz or in Tabasco and Campeche, and 7) species common to the Caribbean and the Mexican Gulf Coast. Moreno-Casasola (1988) found these patterns of distribution mainly correlated with: first, variation in sand dune composition (light...

Baro de Jones, Deborah Maria

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Petroleum hydrocarbon content, leaching and degradation from surficial bitumens in the Athabasca oil sands region.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Mine reclamation has become a topic of considerable research in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region of Northeastern Alberta, Canada. In this area some of the… (more)

Fleming, Matthew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Burning Behaviour of Heavy Gas Oil from the Canadian Oil Sands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This work presents the first systematic investigation and characterisation of the burning behaviour of untreated heavy gas oil from the Canadian oil sands, an intermediate… (more)

Mulherin, Patrick

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Non-Incineration Treatment to Reduce Benzene and VOC Emissions from Green Sand Molding Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Final report describing laboratory, pilot scale and production scale evaluation of advanced oxidation systems for emissions and cost reduction in metal casting green sand systems.

Fred S. Cannon; Robert C. Voigt

2002-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

174

Pore-scale mechanisms of gas flow in tight sand reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

include tight gas sands, gas shales, and coal-bed methane.Figure 3. Although the gas-shale production grows at a

Silin, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Development Of Reclamation Substrates For Alberta Oil Sands Using Mature Fine Tailings And Coke.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Mature fine tailings and coke are waste products of the oil sands industry with potential for reclamation. A greenhouse study assessed whether substrates of various… (more)

Luna-Wolter, Gabriela L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Preparation of Activated Carbon from Oil Sands Coke by Chemical and Physical Activation Techniques.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Oil sands coke is a by-product resulting from the upgrading of heavy crude bitumen to light synthetic oil. This research investigates the preparation of activated… (more)

Morshed, Golam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Wherefore Art Thou R3579X?Wherefore Art Thou R3579X? Anonymized Social Networks,y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

matches! No way to differentiate! H? No way to differentiate! 201029 19 #12;Success ConditionsSuccess preserves graph's structure) 201029 20 #12;Success Conditions(cont')Success Conditions(cont ) U iU i Conditions U iU iG UniquenessUniqueness - No S != X such that G[S] G H and G[X] = H are isomorphic H has

Terzi, Evimaria

178

Solvent extraction of oil shale or tar sands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil shales or tar sands are extracted under non-thermally destructive conditions with a solvent liquid containing a compound having the general formula: R(N)-M(=O)(-R1)-N(-R2)-R3 where M is a carbon, sulfur or phosphorus atom, R/sup 2/ and R/sup 3/ are each a hydrogen atom or a lowe alkyl group, R and R/sup 1/ are each a lower alkyl group, another -N(-R2)-R3 group, a monocyclic arom group, or R/sup 1/ can be another -N(-R3)-M(=O)(-R1)-R(N) group or R/sup 1/ and R/sup 2/ together can represent the atoms necessary to close a heterocyclic ring, and n=1 where M=phosphorus and is otherwise 0, to substantially remove the non-fixed carbon content of the oil shale or tar sands, leaving a solid residue of fixed carbon, ash minerals, and non-extractable matter.

Stiller, A.H.; Hammack, R.W.; Sears, J.T.

1983-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

179

Baseline for beached marine debris on Sand Island, Midway Atoll  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Baseline measurements were made of the amount and weight of beached marine debris on Sand Island, Midway Atoll, June 2008–July 2010. On 23 surveys, 32,696 total debris objects (identifiable items and pieces) were collected; total weight was 740.4 kg. Seventy-two percent of the total was pieces; 91% of the pieces were made of plastic materials. Pieces were composed primarily of polyethylene and polypropylene. Identifiable items were 28% of the total; 88% of the identifiable items were in the fishing/aquaculture/shipping-related and beverage/household products-related categories. Identifiable items were lowest during April–August, while pieces were at their lowest during June–August. Sites facing the North Pacific Gyre received the most debris and proportionately more pieces. More debris tended to be found on Sand Island when the Subtropical Convergence Zone was closer to the Atoll. This information can be used for potential mitigation and to understand the impacts of large-scale events such as the 2011 Japanese tsunami.

Christine A. Ribic; Seba B. Sheavly; John Klavitter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Proposal for the renegotiation of a contract for the supply of eight coil casings for the barrel toroid magnet of the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This document concerns the renegotiation of a contract for the supply of eight coil casings for the Barrel Toroid Magnet of the ATLAS detector. The proposal for the award of a contract with ABB ENERTECH (CH) was presented to Finance Committee for information in September 1998 (CERN/FC/4089). In view of the developments outlined in this document, the Finance Committee is invited to agree to the renegotiation of a contract with ALSTOM SWITZERLAND (CH), for the supply of eight coil casings for the ATLAS Barrel Toroid Magnet for a total Ex-works price of 12 580 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision after 31 July 2001, with an option for an extra coil casing for an additional Ex-works price of 1 525 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision after 31 July 2001, bringing the total amount for the supply to 14 105 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision after 31 July 2001. The total amount of the contract, including transport to the integration site, will not exceed 14 490 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision after 31 July...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Subcritical Creep Compaction of Quartz Sand at Diagenetic Conditions: Effects of Water and Grain Size  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Subcritical Creep Compaction of Quartz Sand at Diagenetic Conditions: Effects of Water and Grain growth. Creep rates are explained by subcritical crack growth, as governed by water-silicate reactions through subcritical cracking and grain rearrangement of medium- grained, porous, wet quartz sands can

Chester, Frederick M.

182

NITROGEN REMOVAL FOR ON-SITE SEWAGE DISPOSAL: A RECIRCULATING SAND FILTER/ROCK TANK DESIGN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NITROGEN REMOVAL FOR ON-SITE SEWAGE DISPOSAL: A RECIRCULATING SAND FILTER/ROCK TANK DESIGN, C. G. McKiel ABSTRACT: The nitrogen removal abilities of recirculating sand filter/rock tank (RSF) systems and conventional septic tank/soil absorption trench systems were compared in a field laboratory

Gold, Art

183

Artificial Sand Pictures -A Complex Systems Simulation Brad Pearce and Ken Hawick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Artificial Sand Pictures - A Complex Systems Simulation Brad Pearce and Ken Hawick Computer Science and layering in materials science. We con- struct a lattice-based simulation of a sand picture based around scheme is used to update pairs of neighboring cells using a Boltzmann like energy controlled probability

Hawick, Ken

184

Effects of wastewater from an oil-sand-refining operation on survival, hematology, gill histology,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of wastewater from an oil-sand-refining operation on survival, hematology, gill histology the effects of various types of wastewater produced in oil-sand-refining on the survival, hematology, gill. In con- trast, all fish did not survive a 28-day period in any of the wastewaters tested and, in some

Farrell, Anthony P.

185

A case study of multipole acoustic logging in heavy oil sand reservoirs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The multipole acoustic logging tool (MPAL) was tested in the heavy oil sand reservoirs of Canada. Compared with near shales the P-wave slowness of heavy oil sands does not change obviously with the value of about 125?s/ft; the dipole shear slowness decreases significantly to 275?s/ft. The heavy oil sands have a Vp/Vs value of less than 2.4. The slowness and amplitude of dipole shear wave are good lithology discriminators that have great differences between heavy oil sands and shales. The heavy oil sand reservoirs are anisotropic. The crossover phenomenon in the fast and slow dipole shear wave dispersion curves indicates that the anisotropy is induced by unbalanced horizontal stress in the region.

Xiaohua Che

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Tight Oklahoma gas sands remain an attractive play  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cherokee tight gas sands of Oklahoma remain an attractive play because of improvements in drilling and completion practices and actions by the Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC) that allow separate allowables for new wells. The expired federal tax credits for tight gas wells have not been the only reason for increased activity. Since decontrol of most regulated gas pricing and since 1986, the number of wells drilled and gas production per well have been increasing in the cherokee area while overall drilling in Oklahoma has decreased. These conclusions are based on wells as categorized by permit date and not by the spud, completion, or first production date. A few wells outside but adjacent to the Cherokee area may have been included, although, their impact on the conclusions is considered nominal. The paper discusses the tight gas credit, proration units, the concept of separate allowables, costs, completion efficiency, and the economic outlook for this area.

Cartwright, G.L. [Marathon Oil Co., Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

1995-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

187

Preliminary relative permeability estimates of methanehydrate-bearing sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relative permeability to fluids in hydrate-bearing sediments is an important parameter for predicting natural gas production from gas hydrate reservoirs. We estimated the relative permeability parameters (van Genuchten alpha and m) in a hydrate-bearing sand by means of inverse modeling, which involved matching water saturation predictions with observations from a controlled waterflood experiment. We used x-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning to determine both the porosity and the hydrate and aqueous phase saturation distributions in the samples. X-ray CT images showed that hydrate and aqueous phase saturations are non-uniform, and that water flow focuses in regions of lower hydrate saturation. The relative permeability parameters were estimated at two locations in each sample. Differences between the estimated parameter sets at the two locations were attributed to heterogeneity in the hydrate saturation. Better estimates of the relative permeability parameters require further refinement of the experimental design, and better description of heterogeneity in the numerical inversions.

Seol, Yongkoo; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Moridis,George J.

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

188

Preliminary relative permeability estimates of methanehydrate-bearing sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relative permeability to fluids in hydrate-bearingsediments is an important parameter for predicting natural gas productionfrom gas hydrate reservoirs. We estimated the relative permeabilityparameters (van Genuchten alpha and m) in a hydrate-bearing sand by meansof inverse modeling, which involved matching water saturation predictionswith observations from a controlled waterflood experiment. We used x-raycomputed tomography (CT) scanning to determine both the porosity and thehydrate and aqueous phase saturation distributions in the samples. X-rayCT images showed that hydrate and aqueous phase saturations arenon-uniform, and that water flow focuses in regions of lower hydratesaturation. The relative permeability parameters were estimated at twolocations in each sample. Differences between the estimated parametersets at the two locations were attributed to heterogeneity in the hydratesaturation. Better estimates of the relative permeability parametersrequire further refinement of the experimental design, and betterdescription of heterogeneity in the numerical inversions.

Seol, Yongkoo; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Moridis,George J.

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

189

Subcritical compaction and yielding of granular quartz sand Stephen L. Karner*, Frederick M. Chester, Andreas K. Kronenberg, Judith S. Chester  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subcritical compaction and yielding of granular quartz sand Stephen L. Karner*, Frederick M October 2003 Abstract Cylindrical samples of water-saturated, initially loose, St. Peter quartz sand were

Chester, Frederick M.

190

Alberta bound : the interface between Alberta's environmental policies and the environmental management of three Albertan oil sands companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Athabasca Oil Sands, located in northeastern Alberta, Canada, were for many years anomalous. Two oil sands operators developed their extraction techniques for 30 years, refining their technology before production became ...

Lemphers, Nathan C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Frequency dependent elastic properties and attenuation in heavy-oil sands: comparison between mea-sured and modeled data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frequency dependent elastic properties and attenuation in heavy-oil sands: comparison between mea) properties of heavy-oil sands over a range of frequencies (2 - 2000Hz) covering the seismic bandwidth and at ultrasonic frequencies (0.8MHz). The measurements were carried on heavy-oil sand sample from Asphalt Ridge

192

Investigating Sequestration Potential of Carbonate Rocks during Tertiary Recovery from a Billion Barrel Oil Field, Weyburn, Saskatchewan: the Geoscience Framework (IEA Weyburn CO2 Monitoring Project)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sequestration Potential of Carbonate Rocks during Tertiary Sequestration Potential of Carbonate Rocks during Tertiary Recovery from a Billion Barrel Oil Field, Weyburn, Saskatchewan: the Geoscience Framework (IEA Weyburn CO 2 Monitoring and Storage Project) G. Burrowes (Geoffrey_Burrowes@pancanadian.ca; 403-290-2796) PanCanadian Resources 150 - 9 th Avenue S.W., P.O. Box 2850 Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2P 2S5 C. Gilboy (cgilboy@sem.gov.sk.ca; 306-787-2573) Petroleum Geology Branch, Saskatchewan Energy and Mines 201 Dewdney Avenue East Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada S4N 4G3 Introduction In Western Canada the application of CO 2 injection for enhanced, 'tertiary' oil recovery is a relatively recent addition to the arsenal available to reservoir engineers. The first successful application of CO 2 as a miscible fluid in Western Canada began in 1984 at Joffre Field, a

193

The application of triaxial compression tests to the design of sand-asphalt paving mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' this fact, the f1ne yecxk was chosen as the aggregate to be used in all sand. -asphalt miztures tested 1n this pro/oct. It must be emphasise4. , that no sand sample, Lxas tested, mox ~ than ) " x i x . . y . * once during ths analpsis of the sands... shearing strength increases as the amount of mineral filler increases, thu ~ confirming the theory that the increase 1n surface area of the aggregate caused by the addition of dust must be taken ~ care of by an increase 1n the amount of bitumen used...

Ritter, Leo J

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

194

Guide to preparing SAND reports and other communication products.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This guide describes the R&A process, Common Look and Feel requirements, and preparation and publishing procedures for communication products at Sandia National Laboratories. Samples of forms and examples of published communications products are provided. This guide takes advantage of the wealth of material now available on the Web as a resource. Therefore, it is best viewed as an electronic document. If some of the illustrations are too small to view comfortably, you can enlarge them on the screen as needed. The format of this document is considerably different than that usually expected of a SAND Report. It was selected to permit the large number of illustrations and examples to be placed closer to the text that references them. In the case of forms, covers, and other items that are included as examples, a link to the Web is provided so that you can access the items and download them for use. This guide details the processes for producing a variety of communication products at Sandia National Laboratories. Figure I-1 shows the general publication development process. Because extensive supplemental material is available from Sandia on the internal web or from external sources (Table I-1), the guide has been shortened to make it easy to find information that you need.

Not Available

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Methane hydrate formation and dissociation in a partially saturated sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To predict the behavior of hydrate-bearing sediments and the economic extractability of natural gas from reservoirs containing gas hydrates, we need reservoir simulators that properly represent the processes that occur, as well as accurate parameters. Several codes are available that represent some or all of the expected processes, and values for some parameters are available. Where values are unavailable, modelers have used estimation techniques to help with their predictions. Although some of these techniques are well respected, measurements are needed in many cases to verify the parameters. We have performed a series of experiments in a partially water saturated silica sand sample. The series included methane hydrate formation, and dissociation by both thermal stimulation and depressurization. The sample was 7.6 cm in diameter and 25 cm in length. In addition to measuring the system pressure and temperatures at four locations in the sample, we measured local density within the sample using x-ray computed tomography. Our goals in performing the experiment were to gather information for estimating thermal properties of the medium and to examine nonequilibrium processes.

Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Taylor, Charles E.; Gupta, Arvind; Moridis, George; Freifeld, Barry; Seol, Yongkoo

2004-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

196

Hydrotreating the native bitumen from the Whiterocks tar sand deposit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bitumen from the Whiterocks oil sand deposit in the Uinta Basin of eastern Utah was hydrotreated in a fixed-bed reactor to determine the extent of upgrading as a function of process operating variables. The process variables investigated included reactor pressure (11.2--16.7 MPa); reactor temperature (641--712 K) and liquid hourly space velocity (0.19--0.77 h{sup {minus}1}). The hydrogen/oil ratio, 890 m{sup 3} m{sup {minus}3} was fixed in all experiments. A sulphided Ni-Mo on alumina hydrodenitrogenation catalyst was used in these studies. The deactivation of the catalyst, 0.2 {degree}C/day, was monitored by thedecline in the API gravity of the total liquid product with time on-stream at a standard set of conditions. The effect of temperature, WHSV, and pressure on denitrogenation, desulphurization, and metals removalwere studied and apparent kinetic parameters determined. The effect of process variables on residue conversion and Conradson carbon residue reduction were also investigated.

Longstaff, D.C.; Deo, M.D.; Hanson, F.V.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

BCH222 -Greek Key Barrels C.I. Branden and J. Tooze (1999) Introduction to Protein Structure, Second Edition, pp. 77-78 & 335-336 (look at the color  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the back of the beta barrel. Residues 110-136 (View3) are a long alpha helix (how many turns.kin contains one domain from the -amylase enzyme of PDB file 1E43. Remind yourself of the basic geometrical

Richardson, David

198

Effectiveness of wind-blown sands on treatment of wastewater from coal-fired power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Untreated disposal of wastewater from coal-fired power plants has environmental and public health concerns in ... situ experiment was conducted in the easily accessible wind-blown sands to study their efficiency ...

Yunfeng Li; Weifeng Wan; Wanfang Zhou; Juan Xie; Yaoguo Wu…

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Modeling the Energy Demands and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of the Canadian Oil Sands Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the energy requirements associated with producing synthetic crude oil (SCO) and bitumen from oil sands are modeled and quantified, on the basis of current commercially used production schemes. The production schemes were (a) mined bitumen, ...

Guillermo Ordorica-Garcia; Eric Croiset; Peter Douglas; Ali Elkamel; Murlidhar Gupta

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Developing a tight gas sand advisor for completion and stimulation in tight gas reservoirs worldwide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and experience about completion and stimulation technologies used in TGS reservoirs. We developed the principal design and two modules of a computer program called Tight Gas Sand Advisor (TGS Advisor), which can be used to assist engineers in making decisions...

Bogatchev, Kirill Y.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Methane Hydrate Formation and Dissocation in a Partially Saturated Sand--Measurements and Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We performed a sequence of tests on a partially water-saturated sand sample contained in an x-ray transparent aluminum pressure vessel that is conducive to x-ray computed tomography (CT) observation. These tests were performed to gather data for estimation of thermal properties of the sand/water/gas system and the sand/hydrate/water/gas systems, as well as data to evaluate the kinetic nature of hydrate dissociation. The tests included mild thermal perturbations for the estimation of the thermal properties of the sand/water/gas system, hydrate formation, thermal perturbations with hydrate in the stability zone, hydrate dissociation through thermal stimulation, additional hydrate formation, and hydrate dissociation through depressurization with thermal stimulation. Density changes throughout the sample were observed as a result of hydrate formation and dissociation, and these processes induced capillary pressure changes that altered local water saturation.

Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Moridis, George J.; Seol, Yongkoo; Freifeld, Barry; Taylor, Charles E.; Gupta, Arvind

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The evaluation of waterfrac technology in low-permeability gas sands in the East Texas basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fracture treatments. This study evaluates fracture stimulation technology in tight gas sands by using case histories found in the petroleum engineering literature and by using a comparison of the performance of wells stimulated with different treatment...

Tschirhart, Nicholas Ray

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Technologies, markets and challenges for development of the Canadian Oil Sands industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides an overview of the current status of development of the Canadian oil sands industry, and considers possible paths of further development. We outline the key technology alternatives, critical resource ...

Lacombe, Romain H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

In Situ Groundwater Arsenic Removal Using Iron Oxide-Coated Sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the sand filter suggest that both reversible adsorption and irreversible precipitation are responsible for removing arsenic from the water. Unlike conventional excavate-and-fill permeable reactive barriers, the treatment capacity of our in situ created...

Yu, Hongxu

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

205

Bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were studied for two successive years (January 1996-December 1997) at 12 collecting stations representing six sectors of the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. The predominant species...

Doha, Said Abdallah; Samy, Abdallah Mohammed

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Air Quality Impact Study for UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DRAFT Air Quality Impact Study for UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources Project City of Rosemount trademark of Short Elliott Hendrickson Inc. Air Quality Impact Study - DRAFT UOFMN 103496 University......................................................................... 2 2.3 Air Emissions

Netoff, Theoden

207

Evaluation of Engineered Geothermal Systems as a Heat Source for Oil Sands Production in Northern Alberta  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The project costs presented in the following section are intended ... give a basic understanding of the economics of geothermal heat as an energy source for oil sands extraction. Long et...2005) reported that oil...

V. Pathak; T. Babadagli; J. A. Majorowicz; M. J. Unsworth

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine with EGR using Oil Sands...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Canada Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine with EGR using Oil Sands Derived Fuels W. Stuart Neill 9 th DEER Conference, Newport, Rhode Island August...

209

Developing a tight gas sand advisor for completion and stimulation in tight gas reservoirs worldwide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPING A TIGHT GAS SAND ADVISOR FOR COMPLETION AND STIMULATION IN TIGHT GAS RESERVOIRS WORLDWIDE A Thesis by KIRILL BOGATCHEV Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2007 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering DEVELOPING A TIGHT GAS SAND ADVISOR FOR COMPLETION AND STIMULATION IN TIGHT GAS RESERVOIRS WORLDWIDE A Thesis by KIRILL...

Bogatchev, Kirill Y

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

210

Paleontological overview of oil shale and tar sands areas in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In August 2005, the U.S. Congress enacted the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Public Law 109-58. In Section 369 of this Act, also known as the ''Oil Shale, Tar Sands, and Other Strategic Unconventional Fuels Act of 2005,'' Congress declared that oil shale and tar sands (and other unconventional fuels) are strategically important domestic energy resources that should be developed to reduce the nation's growing dependence on oil from politically and economically unstable foreign sources. In addition, Congress declared that both research- and commercial-scale development of oil shale and tar sands should (1) be conducted in an environmentally sound manner using management practices that will minimize potential impacts, (2) occur with an emphasis on sustainability, and (3) benefit the United States while taking into account concerns of the affected states and communities. To support this declaration of policy, Congress directed the Secretary of the Interior to undertake a series of steps, several of which are directly related to the development of a commercial leasing program for oil shale and tar sands. One of these steps was the completion of a programmatic environmental impact statement (PEIS) to analyze the impacts of a commercial leasing program for oil shale and tar sands resources on public lands, with an emphasis on the most geologically prospective lands in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming. For oil shale, the scope of the PEIS analysis includes public lands within the Green River, Washakie, Uinta, and Piceance Creek Basins. For tar sands, the scope includes Special Tar Sand Areas (STSAs) located in Utah. This paleontological resources overview report was prepared in support of the Oil Shale and Tar Sands Resource Management Plan Amendments to Address Land Use Allocations in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming and PEIS, and it is intended to be used by Bureau of Land Management (BLM) regional paleontologists and field office staff to support future projectspecific analyses. Additional information about the PEIS can be found at http://ostseis.anl.gov.

Murphey, P. C.; Daitch, D.; Environmental Science Division

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

211

Shapes and surface textures of quartz sand grains from glacial deposits: effects of source and transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Geology SHAPES AND SURFACE TERTURES OF QUARTZ SAND GRAINS FROM GLACIAL DEPOSITS: EFFECTS OF SOURCE AND TRANSPORT A Thesis by CHRISTINE RITTER Approved as to style and content by; James zzullo... (Chairman of Committee) Thomas T. Tieh (Member) Louis E. Garrison (Member) Gail M. Ashley (Member) ohn H. Spa (He d of Department) December 1987 ABSTRACT Shapes and Surface Textures of Quartz Sand Grains From Glacial Deposits: Effects of Source...

Ritter, Christine

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

212

Electrical anisotropy of gas hydrate-bearing sand reservoirs in the Gulf of Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present new results and interpretations of the electrical anisotropy and reservoir architecture in gas hydrate-bearing sands using logging data collected during the Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II. We focus specifically on sand reservoirs in Hole Alaminos Canyon 21 A (AC21-A), Hole Green Canyon 955 H (GC955-H) and Hole Walker Ridge 313 H (WR313-H). Using a new logging-while-drilling directional resistivity tool and a one-dimensional inversion developed by Schlumberger, we resolve the resistivity of the current flowing parallel to the bedding, R? and the resistivity of the current flowing perpendicular to the bedding, R?. We find the sand reservoir in Hole AC21-A to be relatively isotropic, with R? and R? values close to 2 ? m. In contrast, the gas hydrate-bearing sand reservoirs in Holes GC955-H and WR313-H are highly anisotropic. In these reservoirs, R? is between 2 and 30 ? m, and R? is generally an order of magnitude higher. Using Schlumberger’s WebMI models, we were able to replicate multiple resistivity measurements and determine the formation resistivity the gas hydrate-bearing sand reservoir in Hole WR313-H. The results showed that gas hydrate saturations within a single reservoir unit are highly variable. For example, the sand units in Hole WR313-H contain thin layers (on the order of 10–100 cm) with varying gas hydrate saturations between 15 and 95%. Our combined modeling results clearly indicate that the gas hydrate-bearing sand reservoirs in Holes GC955-H and WR313-H are highly anisotropic due to varying saturations of gas hydrate forming in thin layers within larger sand units.

Ann E. Cook; Barbara I. Anderson; John Rasmus; Keli Sun; Qiming Li; Timothy S. Collett; David S. Goldberg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Effect of sediment concentration on artificial well recharge in a fine sand aquifer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION ON ARTIFICIAL WELL RECHARGE IN A FINE SAND AQUIFER A Thesis By MD. ATAUR RAHMAN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1968 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering EFFECT OF SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION ON ARTIFICIAL WELL RECHARGE IN A FINE SAND AqUIFER A Thesis By MD. ATAUR RAHMAN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of ommitt ) ( a o...

Rahman, Mohammed Ataur

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

An investigation of the behavior of radioactivated surfactants in linear, unconsolidated sand systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INVESTIGATION OF THE BEHAVIOR OF RADIOACTIVATED SURFACTANTS IN LINEAR, UNCONSOLIDATED SAND SYSTEMS A Thesis RAMON T. RIVERO Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A k M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1964 Ma )or Sub]ect: Petroleum Engineering AN INVESTIGATION OF THE BEHAVIOR OF RADIOACTIVATFD SURFACTANTS IN LINEAR, UNCONSOLIDATED SAND SYSTEMS A Thesis by RAMON T ~ RIVERO Approved as to style and content by...

Rivero, Ramon T

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

215

Effects of Phosphate on Uranium(VI) Adsorption to Goethite-Coated Sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of Phosphate on Uranium(VI) Adsorption to Goethite-Coated Sand T A O C H E N G , M A R K O natural and contaminated environments. We studied U(VI) adsorption on goethite-coated sand (to mimic of increase in U(VI) adsorption. Phosphate was strongly bound by the goethite surface in the low pH range

Roden, Eric E.

216

Arsenic Removal from Groundwater by Household Sand Filters:? Comparative Field Study, Model Calculations, and Health Benefits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Arsenic Removal from Groundwater by Household Sand Filters:? Comparative Field Study, Model Calculations, and Health Benefits ... Simultaneously, raw groundwater from the same households and additional 31 tubewells was sampled to investigate arsenic coprecipitation with hydrous ferric iron from solution, i.e., without contact to sand surfaces. ... Concentra tions of total Fe, Mn, Na, K, Mg, and Ca were quantified by atomic absorption spectroscopy (Shimadzu AA-6800, Kyoto, Japan). ...

Michael Berg; Samuel Luzi; Pham Thi Kim Trang; Pham Hung Viet; Walter Giger; Doris Stüben

2006-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

217

Effects of transverse isotropy on P-wave AVO for gas sands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Velocity anisotropy should be taken into account when analyzing the amplitude variation with offset (AVO) response of gas sands encased in shales. The anisotropic effects on the AVO of gas sands in transversely isotropic (TI) media are reviewed. Reflection coefficients in TI media are computed using a planewave formula based on ray theory. The authors present results of modeling special cases of exploration interest having positive reflectivity, near-zero reflectivity, and negative reflectivity. The AVO reflectivity in anisotropic media can be decomposed into two parts; one for isotropy and the other for anisotropy. Zero-offset reflectivity and Poisson's ratio contract are the most significant parameters for the isotropic component while the [delta] difference ([Delta][delta]) between shale and gas sand is the most important factor for the anisotropic component. For typical values of TI anisotropy in shale (positive [delta] and [var epsilon]), both [delta] difference ([Delta][delta]) and [var epsilon] difference ([Delta][var epsilon]) amplify AVO effects. For small angles on incidence, [Delta][delta] plays an important role in AVO while [Delta][var epsilon] dominates for large angles of incidence. For typical values of [delta] and [var epsilon], the effects of anisotropy in shale are: (1) a more rapid increase in AVO for Class 3 and Class 2 gas sands, (2) a more rapid decrease in AVO for Class 1 gas sands, and (3) a shift in the offset of polarity reversal for some Class 1 and Class 2 gas sands.

Ki Young Kim (Korea Ocean Research and Development Inst., Seoul (Korea, Republic of). Marine Tectonics Lab.); Wrolstad, K.H.; Aminzadeh, F. (Unocal Corp., Brea, CA (United States). Seismic Research and Applications Div.)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Stability of nickel-coated sand as gravel-pack material for thermal wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory flow tests have been carried out to study the stability of various nickel-coated sands under aqueous steam temperature and pH conditions that may exist in thermal recovery operations. Other gravel-pack materials tested include Ottawa sand, sintered bauxite, cement clinker, zirconium oxide, and nickel pellets. A comparison was made between the performances of these materials after exposure to identical thermal and hydrolytic conditions. Test results indicate that nickel-coated sands are highly resistant to dissolution at temperatures as high as 300/sup 0/C (570/sup 0/F) and to solution pH's from 4.75 to 11. Weight losses measured after a 72-hour period were less than 1%. In contrast, weight losses from sintered bauxite, zirconium oxide, and Ottawa sand dissolution tests were 30 to 70 times higher under the same conditions. Cement clinker losses were in the intermediate range under alkaline conditions. API standard crushing and acid-solubility tests for proppants also were performed on nickel-coated sands. These results were favorable in that they exceeded the recommended standards. This study of nickel-coated sand stability and mechanical strength has demonstrated its high potential for application as either a gravel-pack material or proppant in thermal recovery operations.

Sacuta, A.; Nguyen, D.M.; Kissel, G.A. (Alberta Research Council (CA))

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Dynamic Behavior of Sand: Annual Report FY 11  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Currently, design of earth-penetrating munitions relies heavily on empirical relationships to estimate behavior, making it difficult to design novel munitions or address novel target situations without expensive and time-consuming full-scale testing with relevant system and target characteristics. Enhancing design through numerical studies and modeling could help reduce the extent and duration of full-scale testing if the models have enough fidelity to capture all of the relevant parameters. This can be separated into three distinct problems: that of the penetrator structural and component response, that of the target response, and that of the coupling between the two. This project focuses on enhancing understanding of the target response, specifically granular geomaterials, where the temporal and spatial multi-scale nature of the material controls its response. As part of the overarching goal of developing computational capabilities to predict the performance of conventional earth-penetrating weapons, this project focuses specifically on developing new models and numerical capabilities for modeling sand response in ALE3D. There is general recognition that granular materials behave in a manner that defies conventional continuum approaches which rely on response locality and which degrade in the presence of strong response nonlinearities, localization, and phase gradients. There are many numerical tools available to address parts of the problem. However, to enhance modeling capability, this project is pursuing a bottom-up approach of building constitutive models from higher fidelity, smaller spatial scale simulations (rather than from macro-scale observations of physical behavior as is traditionally employed) that are being augmented to address the unique challenges of mesoscale modeling of dynamically loaded granular materials. Through understanding response and sensitivity at the grain-scale, it is expected that better reduced order representations of response can be formulated at the continuum scale as illustrated in Figure 1 and Figure 2. The final result of this project is to implement such reduced order models in the ALE3D material library for general use.

Antoun, T; Herbold, E; Johnson, S

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Molecular Origin of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Line Shapes on [beta]-Barrel Membrane Proteins: The Local Solvation Environment Modulates Spin-Label Configuration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography were used to examine the origins of EPR line shapes from spin-labels at the protein-lipid interface on the {beta}-barrel membrane protein BtuB. Two atomic-resolution structures were obtained for the methanethiosulfonate spin-label derivatized to cysteines on the membrane-facing surface of BtuB. At one of these sites, position 156, the label side chain resides in a pocket formed by neighboring residues; however, it extends from the protein surface and yields a single-component EPR spectrum in the crystal that results primarily from fast rotation about the fourth and fifth bonds linking the spin-label to the protein backbone. In lipid bilayers, site 156 yields a multicomponent spectrum resulting from different rotameric states of the labeled side chain. Moreover, changes in the lipid environment, such as variations in bilayer thickness, modulate the EPR spectrum by modulating label rotamer populations. At a second site, position 371, the labeled side chain interacts with a pocket on the protein surface, leading to a highly immobilized single-component EPR spectrum that is not sensitive to hydrocarbon thickness. This spectrum is similar to that seen at other sites that are deep in the hydrocarbon, such as position 170. This work indicates that the rotameric states of spin-labels on exposed hydrocarbon sites are sensitive to the environment at the protein-hydrocarbon interface, and that this environment may modulate weak interactions between the labeled side chain and the protein surface. In the case of BtuB, lipid acyl chain packing is not symmetric around the {beta}-barrel, and EPR spectra from labeled hydrocarbon-facing sites in BtuB may reflect this asymmetry. In addition to facilitating the interpretation of EPR spectra of membrane proteins, these results have important implications for the use of long-range distance restraints in protein structure refinement that are obtained from spin-labels.

Freed, Daniel M.; Khan, Ali K.; Horanyi, Peter S.; Cafiso, David S. (UV)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

SOLVING THE SHUGART QUEEN SAND PENASCO UNIT DECLINING PRODUCTION PROBLEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Penasco Shugart Queen Sand Unit located in sections 8, 9, 16 & 17, T18S, 31E Eddy County New Mexico is operated by MNA Enterprises Ltd. Co. Hobbs, NM. The first well in the Unit was drilled in 1939 and since that time the Unit produced 535,000 bbl of oil on primary recovery and 375,000 bbl of oil during secondary recovery operations that commenced in 1973. The Unit secondary to primary ratio is 0.7, but other Queen waterfloods in the area had considerably larger S/P ratios. On June 25 1999 MNA was awarded a grant under the Department of Energy's ''Technology Development with Independents'' program. The grant was used to fund a reservoir study to determine if additional waterflood reserves could be developed. A total of 14 well bores that penetrate the Queen at 3150 ft are within the Unit boundaries. Eleven of these wells produced oil during the past 60 years. Production records were pieced together from various sources including the very early state production records. One very early well had a resistivity log, but nine of the wells had no logs, and four wells had gamma ray-neutron count-rate perforating logs. Fortunately, recent offset deep drilling in the area provided a source of modern logs through the Queen. The logs from these wells were used to analyze the four old gamma ray-neutron logs within the Unit. Additionally the offset well log database was sufficient to construct maps through the unit based on geostatistical interpolation methods. The maps were used to define the input parameters required to simulate the primary and secondary producing history. The history-matched simulator was then used to evaluate four production scenarios. The best scenario produces 51,000 bbl of additional oil over a 10-year period. If the injection rate is held to 300 BWPD the oil rate declines to a constant 15 BOPD after the first year. The projections are reasonable when viewed in the context of the historical performance ({approx}30 BOPD with a {approx}600 BWPD injection rate during 1980-1990). If an additional source of water is developed, increasing the injection rate to 600 BWPD will double the oil-producing rate. During the log evaluation work the presence of a possibly productive Penrose reservoir about 200 ft below the Queen was investigated. The Penrose zone exists throughout the Unit, but appears to be less permeable than the Queen. The maps suggest that either well 16D or 16C are suitable candidates for testing the Penrose zone.

Lowell Deckert

2000-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

222

The extraction of bitumen from western oil sands. Annual report, July 1991--July 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The University of Utah tar sand research and development program is concerned with research and development on Utah is extensive oil sands deposits. The program has been intended to develop a scientific and technological base required for eventual commercial recovery of the heavy oils from oil sands and processing these oils to produce synthetic crude oil and other products such as asphalt. The overall program is based on mining the oil sand, processing the mined sand to recover the heavy oils and upgrading them to products. Multiple deposits are being investigated since it is believed that a large scale (approximately 20,000 bbl/day) plant would require the use of resources from more than one deposit. The tasks or projects in the program are organized according to the following classification: Recovery technologies which includes thermal recovery methods, water extraction methods, and solvent extraction methods; upgrading and processing technologies which covers hydrotreating, hydrocracking, and hydropyrolysis; solvent extraction; production of specialty products; and environmental aspects of the production and processing technologies. These tasks are covered in this report.

Oblad, A.G.; Bunger, J.W.; Dahlstrom, D.A.; Deo, M.D.; Hanson, F.V.; Miller, J.D.; Seader, J.D.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Evaluation of metals release from oil sands coke : an ecotoxicological assessment of risk and hazard to aquatic invertebrates.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The oil sands operations in northeast Alberta, Canada, employ unconventional processes to produce synthetic crude oil (SCO). Because the extracted bitumen, ˇ®the form of oil… (more)

PUTTASWAMY, NAVEEN V

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

ZOOMING OUT Long Now Seminar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sands: 4.3 trillion barrels · Methane hydrates: 72,000 trillion barrels Can we resist burning it all to burn: · Oil: 3 trillion barrels · Natural gas: 1.1 trillion barrels · Coal: 4.5 trillion barrels · Tar

Baez, John

225

Analysis of the behavior of 5 axially loaded single piles in sand at Hunter's Point  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYSIS OF THE BEHAVIOR OF 5 AXIALLY LOADED SINGLE PILES IN SAND AT HUNTER'S POINT A Thesis by CHER MIN RON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject; Civil Engineering ANALYSIS OF THE BEHAVIOR OF 5 AXIALLY LOADED SINGLE PILES IN SAND AT HUNTER'S POINT A Thesis by GHEE MIN RON Approved as to style and content by: Jean-Louis Briaud Chairman of Committee...

Kon, Chee Min

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Sand pack residual oil saturations as affected by extraction with various solvents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

invalidate the conclusions of Jennings, as his natural cores were obtained using oQ-base muds, Data presented by Shneerson an4 VasOieva sho? that reservoir 7 mineral surfaces made preferentially oil-wst with crude oils could not be altered in wettability..., and air pressure was main tained on the supply reservoirs for a minimum time. Tbe fluids used to saturate the sand packs were tap water, kerosene, Sradford crude and topped East Texas crude oil, Organic solvents used to extract the sand packs were...

Murray, Clarence

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Atmospheric Deposition of Mercury and Methylmercury to Landscapes and Waterbodies of the Athabasca Oil Sands Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mercury (Hg) is of particular interest as methylmercury (MeHg), a neurotoxin which bioaccumulates through foodwebs, can reach levels in fish and wildlife that may pose health risks to human consumers. ... Relationships between Hg and numerous parameters, including natural environmental factors such as snowpack characteristics and wind, as well as other chemicals, were examined to identify potential factors driving the spatial patterns in Hg deposition to the oil sands region. ... Predominant winds in the Alberta oil sands region are generally from the east, southwest, and northwest (Table S5, Figure S8). ...

Jane L. Kirk; Derek C. G. Muir; Amber Gleason; Xiaowa Wang; Greg Lawson; Richard A. Frank; Igor Lehnherr; Fred Wrona

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

228

In situ heat treatment of a tar sands formation after drive process treatment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a tar sands formation includes providing a drive fluid to a hydrocarbon containing layer of the tar sands formation to mobilize at least some hydrocarbons in the layer. At least some first hydrocarbons from the layer are produced. Heat is provided to the layer from one or more heaters located in the formation. At least some second hydrocarbons are produced from the layer of the formation. The second hydrocarbons include at least some hydrocarbons that are upgraded compared to the first hydrocarbons produced by using the drive fluid.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Stanecki, John (Blanco, TX)

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

229

Pore-Scale Analysis of the Waxman-Smits Shaly-Sand Conductivity Model1 Guodong Jin2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pore-Scale Analysis of the Waxman-Smits Shaly-Sand Conductivity Model1 Guodong Jin2 , Carlos Torres-water models of electrical conductivity of shaly sands account for the dual conduc- tive pathways formed conductivity behavior of clay-free rocks. These empirical models are widely used in the interpretation

Torres-VerdĂ­n, Carlos

230

SAND TRACER MOVEMENT MEASURED IN A STRONG RIP CURRENT Nicholas C. Kraus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exceeding 50 cm/sec in areas where instruments could be placed. Three colors of sand tracer were injected the diver's signal, a float tied to the diver's wrist was released and allowed to flow with the current because of the cold water, placed instruments, injected the tracer, and sampled the bottom with ropes tied

US Army Corps of Engineers

231

EFFECTS OF SAND AND SILICA FUME ON THE VIBRATION DAMPING BEHAVIOR OF CEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The silica fume (Elkem Materials, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, EMS 965) was used in the amount of 15% by weight 14260-4400, USA (Received February 6, 1998; in final form June 26, 1998) ABSTRACT The addition of sand. 10, pp. 1353­1356, 1998 Copyright © 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd Printed in the USA. All rights reserved

Chung, Deborah D.L.

232

Application of Artificial Neural Network for Estimating Tight Gas Sand Intrinsic Permeability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Application of Artificial Neural Network for Estimating Tight Gas Sand Intrinsic Permeability ... This jth neuron occupies a general position in the network since it accepts inputs from nodes in the input layer and sends its output to neurons to the second hidden layer. ... (15)?Veelenturf, L. P. J. Analysis and Applications of Artificial Neural Networks; Prentice Hall:? London, 1995. ...

Ali A. Garrouch; Nejib Smaoui

1996-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

233

Assessment of sand drift potential along the Nile Valley and Delta using climatic and satellite data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sand encroachment is a significant environmental hazard prevailing across the western fringes of the Nile Valley and Delta due to the occurrence of many dune fields in the adjacent Western Desert. Climatic data acquired from five meteorological stations were used to assess drifting sand and dune activity along this heavily populated and cultivated region. Dune forms and rates of dune advance were extracted from remotely sensed images. Results showed that wind environment and topography are the significant factors for the distribution of aeolian deposits. Wind energy and sand drift are maximum in the Middle Egypt and minimum west of the Nile Delta. Transverse (barchan) dunes are the dominant throughout the study area. Nevertheless, longitudinal (linear) dunes are observed west of the Nile Delta. The southern one-third of the study area is bordered by an elevated plateau from the west that hinders significant dune clusters from reaching the Nile Valley. Development projects in the contiguous fringes west of the Nile Valley would respond negatively to sand encroachment.

Mohamed E. Hereher

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Role of Acidity in Mobilizing Colloidal Particulate Matter From Natural Sand Grain Surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of acidity. This study looked at the role of acidity with H? as a chemical agent. Through cyclic elution of a natural sand column with a weak acid and base solution, there was an increase in mobilized clay colloids. It was found that low concentrations...

Hammons, Jessica Lynn

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

235

Evolution of seismic velocities in heavy oil sand reservoirs during thermal recovery process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Evolution of seismic velocities in heavy oil sand reservoirs during thermal recovery process localiser la chambre Ă  vapeur. INTRODUCTION [1] Huge quantities of heavy oils (heavy oil, extra heavy oil. Larribau 64018 Pau Cedex, France Oil and Gas Science and Technology 2012, 67 (6), 1029-1039, doi:10

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

Production of Natural Gas and Fluid Flow in Tight Sand Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document reports progress of this research effort in identifying relationships and defining dependencies between macroscopic reservoir parameters strongly affected by microscopic flow dynamics and production well performance in tight gas sand reservoirs. These dependencies are investigated by identifying the main transport mechanisms at the pore scale that should affect fluids flow at the reservoir scale. A critical review of commercial reservoir simulators, used to predict tight sand gas reservoir, revealed that many are poor when used to model fluid flow through tight reservoirs. Conventional simulators ignore altogether or model incorrectly certain phenomena such as, Knudsen diffusion, electro-kinetic effects, ordinary diffusion mechanisms and water vaporization. We studied the effect of Knudsen's number in Klinkenberg's equation and evaluated the effect of different flow regimes on Klinkenberg's parameter b. We developed a model capable of explaining the pressure dependence of this parameter that has been experimentally observed, but not explained in the conventional formalisms. We demonstrated the relevance of this, so far ignored effect, in tight sands reservoir modeling. A 2-D numerical simulator based on equations that capture the above mentioned phenomena was developed. Dynamic implications of new equations are comprehensively discussed in our work and their relative contribution to the flow rate is evaluated. We performed several simulation sensitivity studies that evidenced that, in general terms, our formalism should be implemented in order to get more reliable tight sands gas reservoirs' predictions.

Maria Cecilia Bravo

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

237

Velocities of deep water reservoir sands De-hua Han, University of Houston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Velocities of deep water reservoir sands De-hua Han, University of Houston M. Batzle, Colorado for porosity reduction, which incorporates sediment texture such as grain size and sorting. Measured data suggest that porosity, fluid saturation and differential pressure are main parameters to affect velocities

238

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Current Oil Sands Technologies: Surface Mining and In Situ Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Current Oil Sands Technologies: Surface Mining and In Situ Applications ... efficiency - gas turbine ?GT ... The studied uncertainties include, (1) uncertainty in emissions factors for petroleum substitutes, (2) uncertainties resulting from poor knowledge of the amt. of remaining conventional petroleum, and (3) uncertainties about the amt. of prodn. of petroleum substitutes from natural gas and coal feedstocks. ...

Joule A. Bergerson; Oyeshola Kofoworola; Alex D. Charpentier; Sylvia Sleep; Heather L. MacLean

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

239

Nuclear Technology & Canadian Oil Sands: Integration of Nuclear Power with In-Situ Oil Extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Technology & Canadian Oil Sands: Integration of Nuclear Power with In-Situ Oil Extraction A.E. FINAN, K. MIU, A.C. KADAK Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Nuclear Science the technical aspects and the economics of utilizing nuclear reactors to provide the energy needed

240

Integration of nuclear power with oil sands extraction projects in Canada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the largest oil reserves in the world is not in the Middle East or in Alaska, but in Canada. This fuel exists in the form of bitumen in Alberta's oil sands. While it takes a tremendous amount of energy to recover ...

Finan, Ashley (Ashley E.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Analysis of reverse combustion in tar sands: a one-dimensional model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a one-dimensional numerical model which simulates oil recovery from tar sands by reverse combustion. The method of lines is used to solve the nonlinear differential equations describing the flow. The effects of volumetric air flux on the peak temperature, flame velocity, and oil recovery efficiency are reported. The results are compared to the results of relevant experimental studies.

Amr, A.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Reply to Hrudey: Tracking the extent of oil sands airborne pollution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and major open-pit mining areas show variable...laboratory performance standards in terms of blanks...of deuterated internal standards. Thus, we are confident...Oil Sands Monitoring Plan and will soon have...downstream impacts. Reviews of previous monitoring...

Joshua Kurek; Jane L. Kirk; Derek C. G. Muir; Xiaowa Wang; Marlene S. Evans; John P. Smol

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Foreshore Sand as a Source of Escherichia coli in Nearshore Water of a Lake Michigan Beach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and water (39, 46, 50), and other wildlife can also contribute to E. coli counts...Beach is such that prevailing southerly winds directly force water onshore, which may...resulted from storm events and associated wind, but E. coli counts in sand subsequently...

Richard L. Whitman; Meredith B. Nevers

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Kinetic fractionation of Fe isotopes during transport through a porous quartz-sand column  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; such conditions may have existed on Mars where acidic oxidizing ground and surface waters may have been water remediation (Brantley et al., 2004; Icopini et al., 2004; Crosby et al., 2005; Johnson et al-sand matrix. Transport equations describing the behav- ior of sorbing isotopic species in a water saturated

Gvirtzman, Haim

245

Reliability of Laser Welding Process for ZE41A-T5 Magnesium Alloy Sand Castings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability of Laser Welding Process for ZE41A-T5 Magnesium Alloy Sand Castings Haider Al-Kazzaz1 for magnesium alloys. The process reliability of 2-mm ZE41A-T5 butt joints welded by a 4 kW Nd:YAG laser, reproducibility, Weibull distribution 1. Introduction The applications of magnesium alloys are expanding rapidly

Medraj, Mamoun

246

Oil sands development contributes elements toxic at low concentrations to the Athabasca River and its tributaries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ERCB) (2009) Alberta's energy reserves 2008 and supply/demand outlook...Oil Sands coke and coke ash . Fuel 58 : 589 – 594 . 17 Jang H Etsell...decay constant indicating the rate that deposition per unit...in aqueous samples from the Florida Everglades. Fresenius J Anal...

Erin N. Kelly; David W. Schindler; Peter V. Hodson; Jeffrey W. Short; Roseanna Radmanovich; Charlene C. Nielsen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Production of Natural Gas and Fluid Flow in Tight Sand Reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document reports progress of this research effort in identifying possible relationships and defining dependencies between macroscopic reservoir parameters strongly affected by microscopic flow dynamics and production well performance in tight gas sand reservoirs. Based on a critical review of the available literature, a better understanding of the main weaknesses of the current state of the art of modeling and simulation for tight sand reservoirs has been reached. Progress has been made in the development and implementation of a simple reservoir simulator that is still able to overcome some of the deficiencies detected. The simulator will be used to quantify the impact of microscopic phenomena in the macroscopic behavior of tight sand gas reservoirs. Phenomena such as, Knudsen diffusion, electro-kinetic effects, ordinary diffusion mechanisms and water vaporization are being considered as part of this study. To date, the adequate modeling of gas slippage in porous media has been determined to be of great relevance in order to explain unexpected fluid flow behavior in tight sand reservoirs.

Maria Cecilia Bravo; Mariano Gurfinkel

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

248

Multicomponent Transport of Sulfate in a Goethite-Silica Sand System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multicomponent Transport of Sulfate in a Goethite-Silica Sand System at Variable pH and Ionic of protons and sulfate on goethite and silica were used in combination with a one-dimensional mass-transport model to predict the transport of sulfate at variable pH and ionic strength in a goethite-silica system

Sparks, Donald L.

249

Process sedimentology and reservoir quality of deep-marine bottom-current reworked sands (sandy contourites): An example from the Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deep-marine bottom-current reworked sands (sandy contourites) have been recognized in hydrocarbon-bearing sands of the Gulf of Mexico. A distinctive attribute of these sands is their traction bed forms, which occur in discrete units. Common sedimentary features of traction currents include cross-bedding, current ripples, horizontal lamination, sharp upper contacts, and inverse size grading. These sands also exhibit internal erosional surfaces and mud offshoots, indicating oscillating current energy conditions. THe Pliocene-Pleistocene sequence cored in the Ewing Bank Block 826 field in the Gulf of Mexico provides an example of sand distribution and reservoir quality of deep-marine bottom-current reworked sands. Presumably, the Loop Current, a strong wind-driven surface current in the Gulf of Mexico, impinged on the sea bottom, as it does today, and resulted in bottom-current reworked sands. A depositional model based on the integration of well (core and log) and three-dimensional seismic data suggests that the reworked sediment package may be thick and continuous, but individual sand layers within the package may be thin and discontinuous. This unconventional model, which depicts the distribution of bottom-current reworked sands in interchannel slope areas as a distinctly different facies from channel-levee facies, has the potential for general application to other slope plays outside the study area. In the Ewing Bank Block 826 field, the type I (L-1) reservoir with 80% sand exhibits higher permeability values (100-1800 md) than the type 2 (N-1) reservoir with 26% sand (50-800 md). The increased permeability in the type I sand has been attributed to high sand content, vigorous reworking, and microfractures. The clean, porous, and well-sorted type 1 sands with good communication between sand layers have produced at higher rates and recovery efficiencies than the type 2 sands with numerous interbedded mud layers. 50 refs., 22 figs., 1 tab.

Shanmugam, G. (Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States)); Spalding, T.D.; Rofheart, D.H. (Mobil New Business Development, Dallas, TX (United States))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Occurrence of gas hydrate in Oligocene Frio sand: Alaminos Canyon Block 818: Northern Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unique set of high-quality downhole shallow subsurface well log data combined with industry standard 3D seismic data from the Alaminos Canyon area has enabled the first detailed description of a concentrated gas hydrate accumulation within sand in the Gulf of Mexico. The gas hydrate occurs within very fine grained, immature volcaniclastic sands of the Oligocene Frio sand. Analysis of well data acquired from the Alaminos Canyon Block 818 No.1 ('Tigershark') well shows a total gas hydrate occurrence 13 m thick, with inferred gas hydrate saturation as high as 80% of sediment pore space. Average porosity in the reservoir is estimated from log data at approximately 42%. Permeability in the absence of gas hydrates, as revealed from the analysis of core samples retrieved from the well, ranges from 600 to 1500 millidarcies. The 3-D seismic data reveals a strong reflector consistent with significant increase in acoustic velocities that correlates with the top of the gas-hydrate-bearing sand. This reflector extends across an area of approximately 0.8 km{sup 2} and delineates the minimal probable extent of the gas hydrate accumulation. The base of the inferred gas-hydrate zone also correlates well with a very strong seismic reflector that indicates transition into units of significantly reduced acoustic velocity. Seismic inversion analyses indicate uniformly high gas-hydrate saturations throughout the region where the Frio sand exists within the gas hydrate stability zone. Numerical modeling of the potential production of natural gas from the interpreted accumulation indicates serious challenges for depressurization-based production in settings with strong potential pressure support from extensive underlying aquifers.

Boswell, R.D.; Shelander, D.; Lee, M.; Latham, T.; Collett, T.; Guerin, G.; Moridis, G.; Reagan, M.; Goldberg, D.

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

X-ray computed-tomography observations of water flow through anisotropic methane hydrate-bearing sand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used X-ray computed tomography (CT) to image and quantify the effect of a heterogeneous sand grain-size distribution on the formation and dissociation of methane hydrate, as well as the effect on water flow through the heterogeneous hydrate-bearing sand. A 28 cm long sand column was packed with several segments having vertical and horizontal layers with sands of different grain-size distributions. During the hydrate formation, water redistribution occurred. Observations of water flow through the hydrate-bearing sands showed that water was imbibed more readily into the fine sand, and that higher hydrate saturation increased water imbibition in the coarse sand due to increased capillary strength. Hydrate dissociation induced by depressurization resulted in different flow patterns with the different grain sizes and hydrate saturations, but the relationships between dissociation rates and the grain sizes could not be identified using the CT images. The formation, presence, and dissociation of hydrate in the pore space dramatically impact water saturation and flow in the system.

Seol, Yongkoo; Kneafsey, Timothy J.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

5/20/09 9:14 AMPhysics in the oil sands of Alberta -Physics Today March 2009 Page 1 of 4http://ptonline.aip.org/journals/doc/PHTOAD-ft/vol_62/iss_3/31_1.shtml?type=PTFAVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2009, page 31 The recent spike in the price of oil to over US$140 per barrel focused worldwide barrels of crude oil over an area of more than 140000 square kilometers, but that oil, called bitumen billion to 315 billion barrels. In comparison, the crude-oil reserves in Saudi Arabia are estimated at 264

Podgornik, Rudolf

253

IA REP0 SAND85-2809 Unlimited Release UC-92A  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

IA REP0 SAND85-2809 Unlimited Release UC-92A IA REP0 SAND85-2809 Unlimited Release UC-92A Printed July 1986 High Energy Gas Fracture Experiments in Fluid-Filled Boreholes-Potential Geothermal Application J. F. Cuderman, T. Y. Chu, J. Jung, R. D. Jacobson Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87 185 and Livermore, California 94550 for the United States Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC04-76DP00789 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency Thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process

254

Microsoft Word - CX-Marion and Sand Springs Substation Towers Revised.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

KEC-4 KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Dave Tripp Project Manager - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Marion and Sand Springs Substations Radio Tower Projects Budget Information: Work Orders 00243411 and 00243190; Task 3 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.19 Siting, construction, and operation of microwave and radio communication towers and associated facilities... Location: Marion and Deschutes counties, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to install new radio towers at the Marion Substation and Sand Springs Substation communication sites in Oregon. BPA must vacate radio frequencies in the 1710-1755MHz band to comply with a Federal law mandating reallocation of

255

Sand transverse dune aerodynamics: 3D Coherent Flow Structures from a computational study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The engineering interest about dune fields is dictated by the their interaction with a number of human infrastructures in arid environments. The aerodynamic behaviour of sand dunes in atmospheric boundary layer belongs to the class of bluff bodies. Because of their simple geometry and their frequent occurrence in desert area, transverse sand dunes are usually adopted in literature as a benchmark to investigate dune aerodynamics by means of both computational or experimental approach, usually in nominally 2D setups. The writers suspect the flow in the wake is characterised by 3D features and affected by wind tunnel setup - e.g. blockage effect, duct side wall boundary layer, incoming velocity profile - when experimental studies are carried out. The present study aims at evaluating the 3D flow features of an idealised transverse dune under different setup conditions by means of computational simulations and to compare the obtained results with experimental measurements.

Bruno, Luca

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Methane Hydrate Formation and Dissociation in a PartiallySaturated Core-Scale Sand Sample  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We performed a sequence of tests on a partiallywater-saturated sand sample contained in an x-ray transparent aluminumpressure vessel that is conducive to x-ray computed tomography (CT)observation. These tests were performed to gather data for estimation ofthermal properties of the sand/water/gas system and thesand/hydrate/water/gas systems, as well as data to evaluate the kineticnature of hydrate dissociation. The tests included mild thermalperturbations for the estimation of the thermal properties of thesand/water/gas system, hydrate formation, thermal perturbations withhydrate in the stability zone, hydrate dissociation through thermalstimulation, additional hydrate formation, and hydrate dissociationthrough depressurization with thermal stimulation. Density changesthroughout the sample were observed as a result of hydrate formation anddissociation, and these processes induced capillary pressure changes thataltered local water saturation.

Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Moridis, George J.; Seol,Yongkoo; Freifeld, Barry M.; Taylor, Charles E.; Gupta, Arvind

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

257

Method of producing drive fluid in situ in tar sands formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of treating a tar sands formation are described herein. Methods for treating a tar sands may include providing heat to at least part of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from one or more heaters located in the formation. The heat may be allowed to transfer from the heaters to at least a portion of the formation such that a drive fluid is produced in situ in the formation. The drive fluid may move at least some mobilized, visbroken, and/or pyrolyzed hydrocarbons from a first portion of the formation to a second portion of the formation. At least some of the mobilized, visbroken, and/or pyrolyzed hydrocarbons may be produced from the formation.

Mudunuri, Ramesh Raju (Houston, TX); Jaiswal, Namit (Houston, TX); Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

258

Unconventional gas resources. [Eastern Gas Shales, Western Gas Sands, Coalbed Methane, Methane from Geopressured Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the program goals, research activities, and the role of the Federal Government in a strategic plan to reduce the uncertainties surrounding the reserve potential of the unconventional gas resources, namely, the Eastern Gas Shales, the Western Gas Sands, Coalbed Methane, and methane from Geopressured Aquifers. The intent is to provide a concise overview of the program and to identify the technical activities that must be completed in the successful achievement of the objectives.

Komar, C.A. (ed.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

A study of Poisson's ratio and the elastic and plastic properties of Ottawa sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Mayq 1957 Ma)or Sub)acts Civil Engineering A STUDY OF POISSON'S RATIO AND THE ELASTIC AND PLASTIC PROPERTIES OF OTTAWA SAND A Thesis ROSERT RENT WZmne Captain, Corps...' IHTRODUCTIOS Engineering achievements have paced the rise oi civilization through the ages. Today the cries for greater strength, capacity and economy are heard with ever increasing frequency. Transportation and defense requirements have never lagged...

Werner, Robert Rehm

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Response of six clones of eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr.) to nutrients in sand culture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Texas (Austin) Directed by: Dr. Robert G. Nerrifield Six select clones of eastern cottonwood were grown in sand culture on four treatments varying in N, P, and K. Growth parameters and leaf samples were collected during a 181 day growing season... extending from early Narch through mid-September An analysis of covariance indicated significant differences between treatments and between clones with respect to dry matter production, tree height, and stem diameter A clone x treatment interaction...

Isbell, Robert Reid

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Effects of Sand on the Components and Performance of Electric Submersible Pumps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF SAND ON THE COMPONENTS AND PERFORMANCE OF ELECTRIC SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS A Thesis by NICOLAS I. CARVAJAL DIAZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Gerald Morrison Committee Members, Sy Bor Wen Robert Randall Head of Department, Jerald Caton December 2012 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering Copyright 2012 Nicolas I...

Carvajal Diaz, Nicolas 1985-

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

A wind tunnel simulation of the dynamic processes involved in sand dune formation on the western coast of Hainan Island  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The western coast of Hainan Island exhibits a savanna landscape. Many types of sand dunes, including transverse dune ridges, longitudinal dune ridges, elliptical dunes, coppice dunes, and climbing dunes, are wide...

Sen Li; Xianwan Liu; Huichuan Li; Yinghua Zheng…

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The effects of burial by sand on survival and growth of Pitcher’s thistle (Cirsium pitcheri) along lake huron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Greenhouse experiments were conducted to determine the effects of sand burial on survival and growth of seedlings ofCirsium pitcheri. In 1992–1993, seedlings were buried to depths of 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100% of th...

M. Anwar Maun; Heidi Elberling; Angelo D’Ulisse

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Panama: a historical review of entomological studies on anthropophilic Lutzomyia sand fly species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review existing information on the epidemiology of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL) in Panama, with emphasis on the bionomics of anthropophilic...Lutzomyia sand fly species. Evidence from Panamanian stud...

Larissa C Dutari; Jose R Loaiza

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Miocene sand distribution of the South Marsh Island and the Vermillion area, offshore Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, helps in understanding the Miocene depositional settings, and promotes the knowledge of geology. The Miocene structural features in this area are east-west trending normal faults and salt diapir. Analysis of isopach and sand thickness maps indicates...

Kim, Jingoo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

266

Application of a Solar UV/Chlorine Advanced Oxidation Process to Oil Sands Process-Affected Water Remediation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Application of a Solar UV/Chlorine Advanced Oxidation Process to Oil Sands Process-Affected Water Remediation ... † Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, 9105 116th Street, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2W2 ...

Zengquan Shu; Chao Li; Miodrag Belosevic; James R. Bolton; Mohamed Gamal El-Din

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

267

Reservoir characterization of thinly laminated heterolithic facies within shallow-marine sand bodies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shallow marine sandstones typically form high quality reservoirs but they can contain a significant proportion of extremely heterogeneous facies. Particularly significant are heterolithic (mixed interlaminated sand-mud) deposits which are common in estuarine/incised valley-fill reservoirs and other tidally-influenced depositional environments. The complex mm/cm-scale interfingering of sands and clays in these reservoirs is below the resolution of most logging tools, which poses major problems for the petrophysical evaluation, quantitative reservoir modelling and reservoir performance prediction. This study outlines an integrated geological/petrophysical framework for the reservoir characterization of heterolithic facies from the Jurassic of the North Sea Basin which utilizes well logs, cores, minipermeameter and analog outcrop data. The calibration of wireline logs (GR, LDT/CNL, EPT and dipmeter) with cores helps in establishing the relationship between the architecture of sand-shale laminations and their wireline log response/electrofacies. The routine sampling procedure for porosity/permeability measurement from cores will not accurately determine the average reservoir properties for these heterolithic intervals. The selection of measurement points is of vital importance for determining average reservoir properties. The minipermeameter measurements are especially useful for these thin bedded reservoirs and serve as a useful guide for reservoir zonation and evaluation of petrophysical properties from wireline logs. The incorporation of analog outcrop data helps further in establishing vertical and lateral communication relationships at field scale.

Gupta, R.; Johnson, H. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom); Myking, B.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Western Gas Sands Subprogram. Status report, October-November-December 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The progress during October, November and December 1982 of government-sponsored projects to increase gas production from low permeability gas sands of the Western United States, is summarized in this edition of the Western Gas Sands Subprogram (WGSS) Quarterly Status Report. During the quarter, major changes were made in the management of the subprogram. Personnel in the Division of Petroleum Projects Management at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) assumed the role of management for the Western Gas Sands Subprogram that had been performed by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). BETC continued in-house research on the fluid and proppant problems of fracture conductivity, and management of the Multi-Well Experiment (MWX). Owing to economic constraints, all efforts at the Sandia National Laboratory that were not directly related to the performance of MWX were terminated. The projects at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Los Alamos National Laboratory were reduced by approximately 50 percent. The efforts at the USGS were reduced by 70 percent. Significant progress was made in the MWX project. Both the Upper and Lower Cozzette zones were production tested. Interference tests run on the Upper Cozzette showed much higher in situ permeability than core and log analysis indicated. This higher permeability has been attributed to the natural fractures. The site was closed for the winter on December 22 and the test trailer moved to CER Corporation, Las Vegas, for maintenance and upgrading. 40 figures, 16 tables.

Crawley, A. (comp.)

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Diamonds in the rough: identification of individual napthenic acids in oil sands process water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Expansion of the oil sands industry of Canada has seen a concomitant increase in the amount of process water produced and stored in large lagoons known as tailings ponds. Concerns have been raised, particularly about the toxic complex mixtures of water-soluble naphthenic acids (NA) in the process water. To date, no individual NA have been identified, despite numerous attempts, and while the toxicity of broad classes of acids is of interest, toxicity is often structure-specific, so identification of individual acids may also be very important. The chromatographic resolution and mass spectral identification of some individual NA from oil sands process water is described. The authors concluded that the presence of tricyclic diamondoid acids, never before even considered as NA, suggests an unprecedented degree of biodegradation of some of the oil in the oil sands. The identifications reported should now be followed by quantitative studies, and these used to direct toxicity assays of relevant NA and the method used to identify further NA to establish which, or whether all NA, are toxic. The two-dimensional comprehensive gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method described may also be important for helping to better focus reclamation/remediation strategies for NA as well as in facilitating the identification of the sources of NA in contaminated surface waters (auth)

Rowland, Steven J.; Scarlett, Alan G.; Jones, David; West, Charles E. (Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry Group, Biogeochemistry Research Centre, University of Plymouth (United Kingdom)); Frank, Richard A. (Aquatic Ecosystems Protection Research Division-Water Science and Technology Directorate, Environment Canada, Burlington, Ontario (Canada)

2011-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

270

Integration of reclamation and tailings management in oil sands surface mine planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The processing of oil sands generates large volumes of slurry, known as tailings, that is impounded in tailings ponds. Oil sands operators are committed to develop reclamation plans to ensure that the mine site is restored to a natural or economically usable landscape. Since most of the material that is needed for capping of the tailings pond is produced in mining operation, it is reasonable to include material requirement for reclamation as part of mine planning. In this paper, an integrated long-term mine planning model is proposed that includes tailings capacity and reclamation material requirements. A mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model is developed to test the performance of the proposed model. The MILP model is coded in Matlab®. It is verified by carrying out a case study on an actual oil sands dataset, and has resulted in an integer solution within a 2% gap to the optimality. The resulted production schedule meets the capacity constraint of the tailings facility and guarantees the production of the required reclamation material.

Mohammad Mahdi Badiozamani; Hooman Askari-Nasab

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Biodiesel production from used cooking oil and sea sand as heterogeneous catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the catalytic performance of sea sand as a nonconventional catalyst in the transesterification reaction of used cooking oil and refined oil with methanol. The sea sand was utilized as a source of calcium oxide. The main characteristic of this sea sand is the high content of CaCO3 which was transformed into CaO by calcination. The catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), nitrogen adsorption/desorption (BET) and by Hammett method (basicity determination). The produced biodiesel has 95.4% (polar + non polar methyl esters), 96.6% and 97.5% methyl esters content when employing used cooking oil, safflower oil and soybean oil, respectively. The obtained biodiesel at these conditions (atmospheric pressure, reaction temperature of 60 °C, 12:1 M ratio of methanol:oil and catalyst amount of 7.5%) met key parameters (viscosity: 4.2–5.0 mm2/s and acid value: 0.05–0.011 mg KOH/g) of the European norm EN-14214 (viscosity: 3.5–5.0 mm2/g and acid value: max. 0.50 mg KOH/g).

Gabriel Galván Mucińo; Rubi Romero; Armando Ramírez; Sandra Luz Martínez; Ramiro Baeza-Jiménez; Reyna Natividad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Multi-scale Analysis of Large Distributed Computing Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-scale Analysis of Large Distributed Computing Systems Lucas Mello Schnorr INRIA MESCAL, CNRS-scale distributed systems, Performance visualization analysis, Resource usage anomalies, Volunteer computing, Triva.Vincent@imag.fr ABSTRACT Large scale distributed systems are composed of many thou- sands of computing units. Today

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

sia simpliciusCllla {elk sedge),and Jllnclls arcticllS {arc-tic rush), and willow cuttings all had differing pat-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in- termountain basin in central Colorado. A few extreme rich fens occur on the western margin, if not thou- sands, of years. Key words: Colorado, South Park, Rocky Mountains, fen, restoration, peat mining extent in Colorado (Carpenter & Farmer 1981; Stevens& Dorfer 1989). The relatively dry continental

MacDonald, Lee

274

Gordon Research Conferences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Control of the two phase acrosome reaction in...Yasu-hiro Murase, "Necking behavior and structure formation...The first seven thou-sand years." 12 July. End-use...measurements at low wetting phase satu-ration"; R...Time-depen-dent flow behavior during immiscible displacement...

Alexander M. Cruickshank

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Chemistry at High Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...347 the condensed phase. Both cases are...show the opposite behavior. These predictions...vapors. Condensed phase B203 B + B203 02...complex silicates and hydrates in high-temperature...characterized by phase diagrams (derived...doubt that thou-sands of new chemical materials...

John L. Margrave

1962-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

276

THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from 5 parts per thou-sand (0.5 per cent...salt took up to form its hydrates, the SCIENCE 947 [N...of the salt and of its hydrates both in water arnd in...coni-position of the solid phase depend upon the re-lation...action. Since their behavior may be readily expressed...

Charles L. Parsons

1915-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

277

What Is Life? What Was Life? What Will Life Be?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......surface in our solar system was like...thou- sands of organic compounds. Volcanic...of protocells, cell-like structures...vast numbers of cell-sized compartments...mixtures of dilute organic compounds from...leading to the production of protocells...growing, dividing cells that were precursors......

David Deamer

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

An Expanded Approach to the Problem of Disappearing Species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Vohra, in Combined Effects of Radio-active Chemical and Thermal Releases to the Environment (International Atomic Energy Agency...activi-ties. For example, the Jonglei Canal proj-ect in southern Sudan is designed to channel water away from several thou-sand square...

Norman Myers

1976-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

279

Chemometric Evaluation of Adulteration Profile in Coffee Due to Corn and Husk by Determining Carbohydrates Using HPAEC-PAD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......symbol of hospitality and a daily stimulant in thou- sands of households and work places. As it is one of the most con- sumed beverages...an inert high-pressure LC- 10Ai (Shimadzu pump, Kyoto, Japan; a solenoid low pressure valve of 3 ways NResearch, 1367-72......

Livia Maria Zambrozi Garcia; Elis Daiane Pauli; Valderi Cristiano; Carlos Alberto Paulinetti da Camara; Ieda Spacino Scarminio; Suzana Lucy Nixdorf

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Deep-water bottom-current reworked sands: Their recognition and reservoir potential, northern Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some Pliocene and Pleistocene reservoir sands in intraslope basins of the northern Gulf of Mexico exhibit features that are interpreted to be indicative of reworking by deep-water (bathyal) bottom currents (contour currents). These fine sands have previously been interpreted as turbidites associated with levee overbanks and lobes of submarine fan complexes; however, sedimentological features characteristic of turbidites are rare in these laminated sands. Common features observed are (1) numerous (up to 75 layers/m) thin (<2 cm) sand layers, (2) sharp upper contacts, (3) inverse grading, (4) current ripples, (5) lenticular bedding, (6) flaser bedding, (7) bidirectional cross-lamination, and (8) sigmoidal bed forms with mud drapes (i.e., mud offshoots). These features, dominated by traction structures, can be explained by reworking of overbank turbidite sands by deep-bottom currents. In the present Gulf of Mexico, the surface Loop Current is considered to be a major cause of deep circulation. The authors propose that similar bottom currents and perhaps minor deep tidal currents existed during Pliocene and Pleistocene times. The entire sediment package may be thick and continuous, but individual sand layers within the package are thin and discontinuous. Porosity values of these sands range from 27 to 40%, and permeability ranges from 100 to 2,000 md at 200 psi. In seismic profiles or seismic facies maps, it is difficult to distinguish the reworked sands from turbidites. Therefore, geologic models based on core and process sedimentology are the key to a better understanding of these often misinterpreted complex reservoir facies.

Shanmugam, G. (Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (USA)); Spalding, T.D.; Kolb, R.A.; Lockrem, T.M. (Mobil Exploration and Producing Inc., New Orleans, LA (USA))

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

History of development and depositional environment and upper Cherokee Prue Sand, Custer and Roger Mills counties, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In western Oklahoma the uppermost sand member of the Cherokee Group, the True sand, was first drilled and found productive in two discoveries, completed in 1980, in west-central Custer County and in central Roger Mills County, Oklahoma. For 1 1/2 to 2 years these two discoveries, some 18 mi (29 km) apart, were thought to be stratigraphic equivalents of two separate sand bodies occurring parallel to the classic northwest-southeast-trending systems of the Anadarko basin. At present, some 40 productive wells will ultimately produce more than 100 bcf of gas and 3 million bbl of condensate from an average depth of 11,500 ft (3500 m). Sand porosities range from 3 to 18% with most producing wells having porosities in the 12 to 15% range. Because Prue sand is slightly overpressured (a pressure gradient of .53 psi/foot), the reserves are generally better than normal-pressured wells at this depth. The sand body is over 40 mi (64 km) in length, 1 to 1.5 mi (1.6 to 2.4 km) wide, and 60 ft (18 m) thick. Study of the core shows the interval to grade from a medium to fine-grained sand, highly laminated and cross-bedded with black shale, to a slightly coarser grained nonstructured interval and back into a highly laminated cross-bedded sandy black shale interval. The interval is topped by a 10 ft (3 m) thick black shale layer that is a predominant bed throughout the whole area. These conclusions have implications that may assist in the exploration of other Pennsylvanian sands in this area.

Baumann, D.K.; Peterson, M.L.; Hunter, L.W.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

ZOOMING OUT Seminars About Long-Term Thinking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas: 1.1 trillion barrels · Coal: 4.5 trillion barrels · Tar sands: 4.3 trillion barrels · Methane hydrates: 72,000 trillion barrels Can we resist burning it all? Notes by Philip Cooney, then chief of staff

Baez, John

283

Class I cultural resource overview for oil shale and tar sands areas in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In August 2005, the U.S. Congress enacted the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Public Law 109-58. In Section 369 of this Act, also known as the 'Oil Shale, Tar Sands, and Other Strategic Unconventional Fuels Act of 2005', Congress declared that oil shale and tar sands (and other unconventional fuels) are strategically important domestic energy resources that should be developed to reduce the nation's growing dependence on oil from politically and economically unstable foreign sources. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is developing a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) to evaluate alternatives for establishing commercial oil shale and tar sands leasing programs in Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah. This PEIS evaluates the potential impacts of alternatives identifying BLM-administered lands as available for application for commercial leasing of oil shale resources within the three states and of tar sands resources within Utah. The scope of the analysis of the PEIS also includes an assessment of the potential effects of future commercial leasing. This Class I cultural resources study is in support of the Draft Oil Shale and Tar Sands Resource Management Plan Amendments to Address Land Use Allocations in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement and is an attempt to synthesize archaeological data covering the most geologically prospective lands for oil shale and tar sands in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming. This report is based solely on geographic information system (GIS) data held by the Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming State Historic Preservation Offices (SHPOs). The GIS data include the information that the BLM has provided to the SHPOs. The primary purpose of the Class I cultural resources overview is to provide information on the affected environment for the PEIS. Furthermore, this report provides recommendations to support planning decisions and the management of cultural resources that could be impacted by future oil shale and tar sands resource development.

O'Rourke, D.; Kullen, D.; Gierek, L.; Wescott, K.; Greby, M.; Anast, G.; Nesta, M.; Walston, L.; Tate, R.; Azzarello, A.; Vinikour, B.; Van Lonkhuyzen, B.; Quinn, J.; Yuen, R.; Environmental Science Division

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Effects of repetitive stressing on the strength and deformation of an angular, coarse sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1962 Major Subject: Civil Engineering EPPECTS OP REPETITIVE STRESSING ON THE STRENGTH AND DEPORMATION OP AN ANGULAR, COARSE SAND A Thesis LARRY A. DILLON ApProved as to style and content by: M( irman o... with and assistance to others who were utilising and developing the necessa~ research equipment. cd The following calibrations of elements of the re- search equipment were made: (1) Deformation versus load for the Civil Engi- neering Department six-inch triaxial...

Dillon, Larry Albert

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Strength properties of coarse sand subjected to repetitive loading in large triaxial shear testing equipment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of August 1961 Major Subject: Civil Engineering / / / / I I I I 4 I I I I n 5 8 g & gq STRENGTH PROPBRTIES OF COARSE SAND SUBJECTED TO REPETITIVE LOADIHH IH LARGE TRIAXIAL SHEAR TESTING...: Lieutenant Larry A, Dillon, for assistance in the research phase and in the davelopnsnt of the testing procedures; Captain Donald R Reeves, for assistance in the research phase; Mr Wayne A Dunlap and Mr Lyle A Wolfskill of the Civil Engineering Departnent...

Lewis, Richard Brooks

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Pile design predictions in sand and gravel using in situ tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1983 Ma]or Sub]ect: Civil Engineering PILE DESIGN PREDICTIONS IN SAND AND GRAVEL USING IN SITU TESTS A Thesis by LINDA GRUBBS HUFF Approved as to style and content by: Harry M. Coyle Chairman of Committee syne A. Du lap Member Chri opher C... Committee: Dr. Harry M. Coyle The pressuremeter, cone penetrometer and standard penetration tests are in situ tests which are being performed more frequently in recent years to obtain soil parameters used in the design of pile foundations. New design...

Huff, Linda Grubbs

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Quantitative Methods for Reservoir Characterization and Improved Recovery: Application to Heavy Oil Sands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first twelve months of the project focused on collecting data for characterization and modeling. In addition, data from Coalinga Field was analyzed to define the fractal structure present in the data set. The following sections of the report parallel the first four subtasks of the investigation were: (1) Collect and Load Property Data from Temblor Outcrops in California, (2) Collect and Load Property Data from Temblor Reservoir Sands, West Coalinga Field, California, (3) Collect and Load Property Data from Continuous Upper Cretaceous Outcrops in Utah, and (4) Define Fractal Structure in the Data Sets and Apply to Generating Property Representations.

Castle, James W.; Molz, Fred J.

2001-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

288

Innovative logistics for the transportation of sand and gravel in Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transportation of sand and gravel, which are highly consumed in civil construction, is traditionally hauled on roads and highways. Currently, the growing demand in large metropolitan areas is met by an increasing road fleet, which delivers the aggregates from the origin to construction sites. This paper discusses alternative distribution means for aggregates in Sao Paulo, Brazil, focusing on the cost-reduction opportunities associated with the use of railway and waterway modals. The benefits identified in the research are not merely limited to greater competitiveness due to the reduction of costs in logistics, but also to reducing traffic jams.

A.B. Aguirre; W.T. Hennies; A. Marks

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

AVTA Federal Fleet PEV Readiness Data Logging and Characterization Study for NASA White Sands Test Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report focuses on the NASA White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the agencies’ fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively plug-in electric vehicles, or PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

Stephen Schey; Jim Francfort

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Method of condensing vaporized water in situ to treat tar sands formations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. Methods may include heating at least a section of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. Heat may be allowed to transfer from the heaters to at least a first portion of the formation. Conditions may be controlled in the formation so that water vaporized by the heaters in the first portion is selectively condensed in a second portion of the formation. At least some of the fluids may be produced from the formation.

Hsu, Chia-Fu (Rijswijk, NL)

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

291

In situ heat treatment from multiple layers of a tar sands formation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a tar sands formation is disclosed. The method includes providing a drive fluid to a first hydrocarbon containing layer of the formation to mobilize at least some hydrocarbons in the first layer. At least some of the mobilized hydrocarbons are allowed to flow into a second hydrocarbon containing layer of the formation. Heat is provided to the second layer from one or more heaters located in the second layer. At least some hydrocarbons are produced from the second layer of the formation.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX)

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

MATURE FINE TAILINGS (MFTs): A STUDY OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH AND RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF ATHABASCA OIL SANDS PETROLEUM MINING WASTE APPLIED IN CONCRETE MIXTURES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This study investigates the compressive properties of concrete incorporating Mature Fine Tailings (MFTs) waste stream from a tar sands mining operation. The objectives of… (more)

Leav, Jean S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

SAND REPORT SAND2002xxxx  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distribution Category UC-999 Discrete Optimization Models for Protein Folding Bob Carr and Bill Hart Cambridge, MA alantha@theory.lcs.mit.edu Abstract Protein folding is an important problem in Computational is a widely studied model of protein folding that abstracts the dominant force in protein folding

Newman, Alantha

294

Flowsheet modifications for dissolution of sand, slag, and crucible residues in the F-canyon dissolvers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An initial flowsheet for the dissolution of sand, slag, and crucible (SS{ampersand}C) was developed for the F- Canyon dissolvers as an alternative to dissolution in FB-Line. In that flowsheet, the sand fines were separated from the slag chunks and crucible fragments. Those two SS{ampersand}C streams were packaged separately in mild-steel cans for dissolution in the 6.4D dissolver. Nuclear safety constraints limited the dissolver charge to approximately 350 grams of plutonium in two of the three wells of the dissolver insert and required 0.23M (molar) boron as a soluble neutron poison in the 9.3M nitric acid/0.013M fluoride dissolver solution. During the first dissolution of SS{ampersand}C fines, it became apparent that a significant amount of the plutonium charged to the 6.4D dissolver did not dissolve in the time predicted by previous laboratory experiments. The extended dissolution time was attributed to fluoride complexation by boron. An extensive research and development (R{ampersand}D) program was initiated to investigate the dissolution chemistry and the physical configuration of the dissolver insert to understand what flowsheet modifications were needed to achieve a viable dissolution process.

Rudisill, T.S.; Karraker, D.G.; Graham, F.R.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Progress made in five research programs is described. The subtasks in oil shale study include oil shale process studies and unconventional applications and markets for western oil shale.The tar sand study is on recycle oil pyrolysis and extraction (ROPE) process. Four tasks are described in coal research: underground coal gasification; coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and sold waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research covers: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO[sub 2] HUFF-N-PUFF process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; NMR analysis of sample from the ocean drilling program; and menu driven access to the WDEQ hydrologic data management system.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Factors that affect the degradation of naphthenic acids in oil sands wastewater by indigenous microbial communities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The acute toxicity of wastewater generated during the extraction of bitumen from oil sands is believed to be due to naphthenic acids (NAs). To determine the factors that affect the rate of degradation of representative NAs in microcosms containing wastewater and the acute toxicity of treated and untreated wastewater, the effects of temperature, dissolved oxygen concentration, and phosphate addition on the rate of {sup 14}CO{sub 2} release form two representative naphthenic acid substrates, (linear) U-{sup 14}C-palmitic acid (PA) and (bicyclic) decahydro-2-naphthoic acid-8-{sup 14}C (DHNA), were monitored. Tailings pond water (TPW) contained microorganisms well adapted to mineralizing both PA and DHNA:PA was degraded more quickly (10--15% in 4 weeks) compared to DHNA (2--4% in 8 weeks). On addition of phosphate, the rate of NA degradation increased up to twofold in the first 4 weeks, with a concurrent increase in the rate of oxygen consumption by oil sands TPW. The degradation rate then declined to levels equivalent to those measured in flasks without phosphate. The observed plateau was not due to phosphate limitation. Decreases in either the dissolved oxygen concentration or the temperature reduced the rate. Phosphate addition also significantly decreased the acute toxicity of TPW to fathead minnows. In contrast, Microtox{reg_sign} analyses showed no reduction in the toxicity of treated or untreated TPW after incubation for up to 8 weeks at 15 C.

Lai, J.W.S.; Pinto, L.J.; Kiehlmann, E.; Bendell-Young, L.I.; Moore, M.M. [Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Comparisons of hydrocarbon and nitrogen distributions in geologically diverse tar sand bitumen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The characteristics of bitumens from different tar sand deposits are generally significantly different and affect the utilization of the resource. The chemical and physical properties of bitumen are a result of maturation reactions on the varied organic sediments. For example, saturated hydrocarbon distributions have been related to the geochemical history of organic matter. Very paraffinic or sometimes paraffinic-naphthenic distributions in organic matter are derived from a nonmarine depositional environment. More aromatic and paraffinic-naphthenic hydrocarbon distributions are derived from organic matter deposited in a marine environment. The characteristics of the bitumen also influence the potential for recovery and subsequent processing of the material. For example, saturated hydrocarbons contribute to the high pour points of recovered oils. The origin and composition of an oil influence its viscosity, API gravity, and coke formation during processing, particularly under low-temperature oxidation conditions. The objective of this work is to determine the chemical and physical properties of several samples of bitumen from geologically diverse tar sand deposits. The compound-type distributions and LTD properties of these bitumens are discussed relative to the depositional environment and processing potential of the organic matter.

Holmes, S.A.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Perch population assessment in lakes reclaimed using oil-sands derived material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mining and extraction of petroleum products from oil-sands involves large areas of land and produces enormous volumes of tailings. One possible land reclamation option is to incorporate fine-tailings material into the bottoms of constructed lakes capped with natural surface water. The wet landscape method represents potential risk to aquatic biota-naphthenic acids and PAHs elute from pore water contained in the fine-tailings substrate. In spring 1995 yellow perch were stocked into a large-scale (5ha) experimental pond that consisted of fine-tailings capped with natural water as well as into two other reclaimed ponds that were constructed with oil-sands overburden material. Prior to stocking of perch, ponds had colonized with cyprinids, macrophytes and benthic invertebrates over a two year period. Perch were sampled in fall 1995 for age, condition factor, liver size, gonad size, fecundity, stomach contents, liver mixed-function oxygenase activity (MFO), bile PAH metabolites and plasma steroid hormones. When compared to the source lake, perch in the DP did not show reduced reproductive potential. Perch in all of the reclaimed ponds demonstrated exposure to organic compounds as indicated by marginally induced MFO activity and increased liver size. Exposure to naphthenates and PAHs in water as well as ecological environmental factors will be discussed.

Heuvel, M.R. van den; Dixon, D.G. [Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada); Power, M. [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Boerger, H.; MacKinnon, M.D.; Meer, T. van [Syncrude Canada, Fort McMurray, Alberta (Canada)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Western Gas Sands Project, status report, October-November-December 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This WGSP Quarterly Report summarizes the progress of government-sponsored projects aimed at recovering gas from low permeability gas sands in the Western United States during October, November and December 1981. CK GeoEnergy released the final report for Development of Techniques for Optimizing Selection and Completion of Western Gas Sands. For CER's Reservoir Simulation Model Development, primary emphasis during the quarter was placed on extending the previous work to include effects of massive hydraulic fractures intersecting multiple lenses. During the quarter, the University of Oklahoma completed the two-dimensional reservoir simulator for BETC. A simplified two-dimensional hydraulic fracturing model is being developed by LLL. A major activity this quarter at Los Alamos was redesigning the NMR receiver system, making it capable of being repackaged for downhole use. Sandia summarizes the analysis of five saturated rock samples that were measured for dielectric constant. The drilling, coring, logging and casing of MWX-1 was accomplished this quarter; quality of output, mainly core, core data and logs, has been good.

Crawley, A.; Atkinson, C.H.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Methane hydrate formation and dissociation in a partially saturated core-scale sand sample  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We performed a series of experiments to provide data for validating numerical models of gas hydrate behavior in porous media. Methane hydrate was formed and dissociated under various conditions in a large X-ray transparent pressure vessel, while pressure and temperature were monitored. In addition, X-ray computed tomography (CT) was used to determine local density changes during the experiment. The goals of the experiments were to observe changes occurring due to hydrate formation and dissociation, and to collect data to evaluate the importance of hydrate dissociation kinetics in porous media. In the series of experiments, we performed thermal perturbations on the sand/water/gas system, formed methane hydrate, performed thermal perturbations on the sand/hydrate/water/gas system resulting in hydrate formation and dissociation, formed hydrate in the resulting partially dissociated system, and dissociated the hydrate by depressurization coupled with thermal stimulation. Our CT work shows significant water migration in addition to possible shifting of mineral grains in response to hydrate formation and dissociation. The extensive data including pressure, temperatures at multiple locations, and density from CT data is described.

Kneafsey, T.J. (LBNL); Tomutsa, L. (LBNL); Moridis, G.J. (LBNL); Seol, Y. (LBNL); Freifeld, B.M. (LBNL); Taylor, C.E.; Gupta, A. (Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO)

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Structure and behavior of triad interactions for a Boussinesq system arising in a model for the formation sand ridges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Boussinesq system describes weakly nonlinear dispersive long waves plasmas and incompressible irrotational fluids. This study presents some results regarding the structure and behavior of a system of equations that yield the spatial structure of triad interactions in the Boussinesq system. Such a system forms part of a model for the formation and evolution of sand ridges on the continental shelf. The aims of this study are to provide some insight into the behavior of the triad system and into the sand ridge model in particular.

Restrepo, J.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Bona, J.L. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1993-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

302

Pore-scale mechanisms of gas flow in tight sand reservoirs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tight gas sands are unconventional hydrocarbon energy resource storing large volume of natural gas. Microscopy and 3D imaging of reservoir samples at different scales and resolutions provide insights into the coaredo not significantly smaller in size than conventional sandstones, the extremely dense grain packing makes the pore space tortuous, and the porosity is small. In some cases the inter-granular void space is presented by micron-scale slits, whose geometry requires imaging at submicron resolutions. Maximal Inscribed Spheres computations simulate different scenarios of capillary-equilibrium two-phase fluid displacement. For tight sands, the simulations predict an unusually low wetting fluid saturation threshold, at which the non-wetting phase becomes disconnected. Flow simulations in combination with Maximal Inscribed Spheres computations evaluate relative permeability curves. The computations show that at the threshold saturation, when the nonwetting fluid becomes disconnected, the flow of both fluids is practically blocked. The nonwetting phase is immobile due to the disconnectedness, while the permeability to the wetting phase remains essentially equal to zero due to the pore space geometry. This observation explains the Permeability Jail, which was defined earlier by others. The gas is trapped by capillarity, and the brine is immobile due to the dynamic effects. At the same time, in drainage, simulations predict that the mobility of at least one of the fluids is greater than zero at all saturations. A pore-scale model of gas condensate dropout predicts the rate to be proportional to the scalar product of the fluid velocity and pressure gradient. The narrowest constriction in the flow path is subject to the highest rate of condensation. The pore-scale model naturally upscales to the Panfilov's Darcy-scale model, which implies that the condensate dropout rate is proportional to the pressure gradient squared. Pressure gradient is the greatest near the matrix-fracture interface. The distinctive two-phase flow properties of tight sand imply that a small amount of gas condensate can seriously affect the recovery rate by blocking gas flow. Dry gas injection, pressure maintenance, or heating can help to preserve the mobility of gas phase. A small amount of water can increase the mobility of gas condensate.

Silin, D.; Kneafsey, T.J.; Ajo-Franklin, J.B.; Nico, P.

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

303

NUREG/CR-6547 SAND97-2776 DOSFAC2 User's Guide  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

547 547 SAND97-2776 DOSFAC2 User's Guide Prepared by M. L.Young/SNL D. Chanin/TE Sandia National Laboratories Technadyne Engineering Prepared for U . S . Nuclear Regulatory Commission AVAllABlLlTY NOTICE Availabiliiy o f Reference Materials Cied in NFlC Publications Most documents cited In NRC publications will be available from one of the following sources: 1. The NRC Public DoclJment Room. 2120 L Street, NW., Lower Level. Washington, DC 20555-0001 2. The Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, P. 0. Box 37082, Washington, DC 20402-9328 3. Although the listing that follows represents the majority of documents cited in NRC publications, it is not in- tended to be exhaustive. The National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22 161 -0002

304

Western Gas Sands Project. Status report, 1 March-31 March 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The March, 1980 progress of the government-sponsored projects directed towards increasing gas production from the low permeability gas sands of the western United States is summarized in this report. A site for the multi-well experiment was approved by the industry review committee; drilling is expected by mid-summer. Bartlesville Energy Technology Center continued work on fracture conductivity, rock/fluid interaction, and log evaluation and interpretation techniques. Lawrence Livermore Laboratory continued experimental and theoretical work on hydraulic fracturing mechanics and analysis of well test data. Analysis of data obtained from a test of the borehole seismic unit by Sandia Laboratories continued. The DOE Well Test Facility continued bottom-hole pressure buildup measurements at the Colorado Interstate Gas Company Miller No. 1 well.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Evolution of seismic velocities in heavy oil sand reservoirs during thermal recovery process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In thermally enhanced recovery processes like cyclic steam stimulation (CSS) or steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD), continuous steam injection entails changes in pore fluid, pore pressure and temperature in the rock reservoir, that are most often unconsolidated or weakly consolidated sandstones. This in turn increases or decreases the effective stresses and changes the elastic properties of the rocks. Thermally enhanced recovery processes give rise to complex couplings. Numerical simulations have been carried out on a case study so as to provide an estimation of the evolution of pressure, temperature, pore fluid saturation, stress and strain in any zone located around the injector and producer wells. The approach of Ciz and Shapiro (2007) - an extension of the poroelastic theory of Biot-Gassmann applied to rock filled elastic material - has been used to model the velocity dispersion in the oil sand mass under different conditions of temperature and stress. A good agreement has been found between these pre...

Nauroy, Jean-François; Guy, N; Baroni, Axelle; Delage, Pierre; Mainguy, Marc; 10.2516/ogst/2012027

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Varying properties of in situ heat treatment of a tar sands formation based on assessed viscosities  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for treating a tar sands formation includes providing heat to at least part of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. The heat is allowed to transfer from the heaters to at least a portion of the formation. A viscosity of one or more zones of the hydrocarbon layer is assessed. The heating rates in the zones are varied based on the assessed viscosities. The heating rate in a first zone of the formation is greater than the heating rate in a second zone of the formation if the viscosity in the first zone is greater than the viscosity in the second zone. Fluids are produced from the formation through the production wells.

Karanikas, John Michael; Vinegar, Harold J

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

307

Strength behavior of methane hydrate bearing sand in undrained triaxial testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gas hydrates represent a potential future energy source as well as a considerable geohazard. In order to assess both the benefits and risks that gas hydrate bearing sediments pose, fundamental information about their physical properties is required. In this study, the undrained shear strength of methane hydrate bearing sand was investigated. The experimental program required modifications to an existing triaxial apparatus and accurate determination of the hydrate saturation lead to the use of two methods for comparison of the saturation calculations. Strength results indicated that the presence of gas hydrate will increase the sediment's undrained shear strength and corresponding stiffness. The relative contribution of cohesion and friction angle was observed to be a function of the hydrate saturation, for this particular hydrate formation methodology.

Hossein Ghiassian; Jocelyn L.H. Grozic

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Marine gas hydrates in thin sand layers that soak up microbial methane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At Site U1325 (IODP Exp. 311, Cascadia margin), gas hydrates occupy 20–60% of pore space in thin sand layers (hydrate. This is a common occurrence in gas hydrate-bearing marine sequences, and it has been related to the inhibition of hydrate formation in the small pores of fine-grained sediments. This paper applies a mass balance model to gas hydrate formation in a stack of alternating fine- and coarse-grained sediment layers. The only source of methane considered is in situ microbial conversion of a small amount of organic carbon (gas hydrates in the fine-grained layers. Methane generated in these layers is transported by diffusion into the coarse-grained layers where it forms concentrated gas hydrate deposits. The vertical distribution and amount of gas hydrate observed at Site U1325 can be explained by in situ microbial methane generation, and a deep methane source is not necessary.

Alberto Malinverno

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Policy Analysis of Water Availability and Use Issues for Domestic Oil Shale and Oil Sands Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil shale and oil sands resources located within the intermountain west represent a vast, and as of yet, commercially untapped source of energy. Development will require water, and demand for scarce water resources stands at the front of a long list of barriers to commercialization. Water requirements and the consequences of commercial development will depend on the number, size, and location of facilities, as well as the technologies employed to develop these unconventional fuels. While the details remain unclear, the implication is not – unconventional fuel development will increase demand for water in an arid region where demand for water often exceeds supply. Water demands in excess of supplies have long been the norm in the west, and for more than a century water has been apportioned on a first-come, first-served basis. Unconventional fuel developers who have not already secured water rights stand at the back of a long line and will need to obtain water from willing water purveyors. However, uncertainty regarding the nature and extent of some senior water claims combine with indeterminate interstate river management to cast a cloud over water resource allocation and management. Quantitative and qualitative water requirements associated with Endangered Species protection also stand as barriers to significant water development, and complex water quality regulations will apply to unconventional fuel development. Legal and political decisions can give shape to an indeterminate landscape. Settlement of Northern Ute reserved rights claims would help clarify the worth of existing water rights and viability of alternative sources of supply. Interstate apportionment of the White River would go a long way towards resolving water availability in downstream Utah. And energy policy clarification will help determine the role oil shale and oil sands will play in our nation’s future.

Ruple, John; Keiter, Robert

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

310

Determining the ecological viability of constructed wetlands for the treatment of oil sands wastewater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To determine the conditions for optimal degradation of naphthenic acids (C{sub n}H{sub 2n+z}O{sub 2}), the most toxic component of oil sands wastewater, the authors have monitored the mineralization of 2 representative naphthenic acids (NA), U-{sup 14}C-palmitic acid (linear, Z = 0) and 8-{sup 14}C-decahydro-2-naphthoic acid (bicyclic, Z = {minus}4) under varying conditions of temperature, phosphate and oxygen. The radiolabeled NA was added to biometer flasks containing wastewater {+-} amendments and evolved {sup 14}C-CO{sub 2} was trapped in a side arm and counted by LSC. The results indicate that low temperature (5 C) and anaerobiasis greatly inhibited NA degradation over the four week incubation period. Addition of phosphate (as buffered KP{sub i}) significantly increased {sup 14}C-CO{sub 2} production for both Z = 0 and Z = {minus}4 compounds; however, the subsequent high microbial growth rates also decreased PO{sub 2} which limited NA mineralization. Effluent toxicity was monitored at week 0 and week 4 using Microtox and fathead minnow tests. Although there was increased survival of fathead minnows in the phosphate-amended effluent, the IC{sub 20} values of the Microtox assay showed no improvement in either the phosphate-treated or untreated effluents. These results show that naphthenic acid analogues are readily degraded by indigenous microorganisms in oil sands wastewater and that phosphate addition accelerated the mineralization of these compounds if PO{sub 2} remained high.

Lai, J.; Kiehlmann, E.; Pinto, L.; Bendell-Young, L.; Moore, M. [Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada); Nix, P. [EVS Environment Consultants, North Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

311

Groundwater flow near the Shoal Site, Sand Springs Range, Nevada: Impact of density-driven flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nature of flow from a highland recharge area in a mountain range in north-central Nevada to discharge areas on either side of the range is evaluated to refine a conceptual model of contaminant transport from an underground nuclear test conducted beneath the range. The test, known as the Shoal event, was conducted in 1963 in granitic rocks of the Sand Springs Range. Sparse hydraulic head measurements from the early 1960s suggest flow from the shot location to the east to Fairview Valley, while hydrochemistry supports flow to salt pans in Fourmile Flat to the west. Chemical and isotopic data collected from water samples and during well-logging arc best explained by a reflux brine system on the west side of the Sand Springs Range, rather than a typical local flow system where all flow occurs from recharge areas in the highlands to a central discharge area in a playa. Instead, dense saline water from the playa is apparently being driven toward the range by density contrasts. The data collected between the range and Fourmile Flat suggest the groundwater is a mixture of younger, fresher recharge water with older brine. Chemical contrasts between groundwater in the east and west valleys reflect the absence of re-flux water in Fairview Valley because the regional discharge area is distant and thus there is no accumulation of salts. The refluxing hydraulic system probably developed after the end of the last pluvial period and differences between the location of the groundwater divide based on hydraulic and chemical indicators could reflect movement of the divide as the groundwater system adjusts to the new reflux condition.

Chapman, J.; Mihevc, T.; McKay, A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Panama: a historical review of entomological studies on anthropophilic Lutzomyia sand fly species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our review paper provides a synopsis of taxonomic and bionomic (e.g., the ecology plus behavior) information on anthropophilic Lutzomyia sand fly species from Panama, and we believe that it will help to predict and control future epidemics of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the country. Image: The transmission cycle and epidemiological patterns of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Panama.

Larissa C Dutari; Jose R Loaiza

2014-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

313

Reservoir characterization of the upper Merecure and lower Oficina Formations sands in the Leona Este Field, Eastern Venezuela Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data. The hydrocarbon trapping mechanism of each studied stratigraphic interval, traditionally known as the "S5", "TU", "TL", "U1U", "U1L", "U2U", "U2MA", "U2MB" and "U2L" sands, includes two components: ? Stratigraphic component: each stratigraphic...

Flores Millan, Maria Carolina

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

314

Paper No. 2004-mfb-03 Kelly Page: 1 of 4 Tensile Loading of Model Caisson Foundations for Structures on Sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Paper No. 2004-mfb-03 Kelly Page: 1 of 4 Tensile Loading of Model Caisson Foundations for Structures on Sand R.B. Kelly, B.W. Byrne, G.T. Houlsby and C.M. Martin Department of Engineering) (see Byrne et al, 2002; Byrne et al, 2003; Kelly et al, 2003). This paper concentrates on the tensile

Byrne, Byron

315

UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), June 28, 2010 Errata Sheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

onsite receiving water impacts would meet existing MPCA criteria for deep lakes. #12;UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), June 28 causes a reduction in the volume of storm water runoff reaching the Vermillion River. Table 17 summarizes

Netoff, Theoden

316

Measurement of Elastic Modulus of PUNB Bonded Sand as a Function of Temperature J. Thole and C. Beckermann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Beckermann Dept. of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 Abstract Measurements of the elastic modulus of PUNB bonded silica sand are performed using a three-point bend test from for the elastic modulus at room temperature is obtained when measured under compressive, tensile or bending

Beckermann, Christoph

317

Sorption and transport of aqueous FeII in a goethite-coated sand column under anoxic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Sorption and transport of aqueous FeII in a goethite-coated sand column under anoxic conditions K and dynamic flow conditions to evaluate the sorption of FeII onto three goethites (G1, G2 and G3) having FeII sorption extent and lowest kinetic rate constant, which may result from higher surface site

Boyer, Edmond

318

Scale-dependent gas hydrate saturation estimates in sand reservoirs in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea of Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Through the use of 2-D and 3-D seismic data, several gas hydrate prospects were identified in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea of Korea and thirteen drill sites were established and logging-while-drilling (LWD) data were acquired from each site in 2010. Sites UBGH2–6 and UBGH2–10 were selected to test a series of high amplitude seismic reflections, possibly from sand reservoirs. LWD logs from the UBGH2–6 well indicate that there are three significant sand reservoirs with varying thickness. Two upper sand reservoirs are water saturated and the lower thinly bedded sand reservoir contains gas hydrate with an average saturation of 13%, as estimated from the P-wave velocity. The well logs at the UBGH2–6 well clearly demonstrated the effect of scale-dependency on gas hydrate saturation estimates. Gas hydrate saturations estimated from the high resolution LWD acquired ring resistivity (vertical resolution of about 5–8 cm) reaches about 90% with an average saturation of 28%, whereas gas hydrate saturations estimated from the low resolution A40L resistivity (vertical resolution of about 120 cm) reaches about 25% with an average saturation of 11%. However, in the UBGH2–10 well, gas hydrate occupies a 5-m thick sand reservoir near 135 mbsf with a maximum saturation of about 60%. In the UBGH2–10 well, the average and a maximum saturation estimated from various well logging tools are comparable, because the bed thickness is larger than the vertical resolution of the various logging tools. High resolution wireline log data further document the role of scale-dependency on gas hydrate calculations.

M.W. Lee; T.S. Collett

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Reservoir description of a sand-rich submarine fan complex for a steamflood project: upper Miocene Potter sandstone, North Midway Sunset field, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nearly 650 m of cores from the upper Miocene Potter sandstone in Mobil's Alberta/Shale property, North Midway Sunset field, California, were examined to determine depositional facies, sand-body geometry, and reservoir quality for a proposed steamflood project. The Potter represents a sand-rich submarine fan complex with braided-channel, meandering-channel, levee, and crevasse-splay facies. The braided-channel facies (gravel and coarse sand) is thick (up to 100 m), sheetlike (> 500 m wide), and highly permeable (10,000 + md). The meandering-channel facies (coarse to medium sand) is up to 20 m thick, over 400 m long, lenticular in geometry, and exhibits an upward decrease in permeability (e.g., 9000 to 500 md) related to grain size that fines upward. The levee facies (in bioturbated sand) is up to 21 m thick, shows variable geometry, and is generally low in permeability (100-1500 md). The crevasse splay (medium sand) is up to 12 m thick, sheetlike (> 300 m wide), and shows moderately high permeability (2000-8000 md). The braided-channel facies was a product of density-modified grain flows, and the remaining three facies were deposited by turbidity currents. Steam flooding of the Potter reservoir should perform extremely well because the entire reservoir is composed of relatively clean sand and the reservoir lacks both horizontal and vertical permeability barriers.

Shanmugam, G.; Clayton, C.A.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The effect of methane hydrate morphology and water saturation on seismic wave attenuation in sand under shallow sub-seafloor conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A better understanding of seismic wave attenuation in hydrate-bearing sediments is needed for the improved geophysical quantification of seafloor methane hydrates, important for climate change, geohazard and economic resource assessment. Hence, we conducted a series of small strain (hydrate-bearing sands under excess-water seafloor conditions. The results show a complex dependence of P- and S-wave attenuation on hydrate saturation and morphology. P- and S-wave attenuation in excess-water hydrate-bearing sand is much higher than in excess-gas hydrate-bearing sand and increases with hydrate saturation between 0 and 0.44 (the experimental range). Theoretical modelling suggests that load-bearing hydrate is an important cause of heightened attenuation for both P- and S-waves in gas and water saturated sands, while pore-filling hydrate also contributes significantly to P-wave attenuation in water saturated sands. A squirt flow attenuation mechanism, related to microporous hydrate and low aspect ratio pores at the interface between sand grains and hydrate, is thought to be responsible for the heightened levels of attenuation in hydrate-bearing sands at low hydrate saturations (<0.44).

Angus I. Best; Jeffrey A. Priest; Christopher R.I. Clayton; Emily V.L. Rees

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

"ALON ISRAEL OIL COMPANY LTD",820,13,"ALON BAKERSFIELD OPERATING INC","West Coast","California","BAKERSFIELD",5,"CAT HYDROCRACKING, GAS OIL","Downstream Charge Capacity, Current Year (barrels per calendar day)",14250  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

CORPORATION","SURVEY","PERIOD","COMPANY_NAME","RDIST_LABEL","STATE_NAME","SITE","PADD","PRODUCT","SUPPLY","QUANTITY" CORPORATION","SURVEY","PERIOD","COMPANY_NAME","RDIST_LABEL","STATE_NAME","SITE","PADD","PRODUCT","SUPPLY","QUANTITY" "ALON ISRAEL OIL COMPANY LTD",820,13,"ALON BAKERSFIELD OPERATING INC","West Coast","California","BAKERSFIELD",5,"CAT HYDROCRACKING, GAS OIL","Downstream Charge Capacity, Current Year (barrels per calendar day)",14250 "ALON ISRAEL OIL COMPANY LTD",820,13,"ALON BAKERSFIELD OPERATING INC","West Coast","California","BAKERSFIELD",5,"CAT HYDROCRACKING, GAS OIL","Downstream Charge Capacity, Current Year (barrels per stream day)",15000

322

Capacity Investigation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Frio Formation for Geologic Sequestration of CO2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capacity Investigation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Frio Capacity Investigation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Frio Formation for Geologic Sequestration of CO 2 Christine Doughty (cadoughty@lbl.gov; 510-486-6453) Karsten Pruess (k_pruess@lbl.gov; 510-486-6732) Sally M. Benson (smbenson@lbl.gov; 510-486-5875) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Rd, MS 90-1116 Berkeley, CA 94720 Susan D. Hovorka (susan.hovorka@beg.utexas.edu; 512-471-4863) Paul R. Knox (paul.knox@beg.utexas.edu; 512-471-7313) Bureau of Economic Geology P.O. Box X, The University of Texas Austin, TX 78713 Christopher T. Green (ctgreen@ucdavis.edu; 530-752-1372) University of California, Hydrologic Sciences 1 Shields Ave. Davis, CA 95616 Abstract The capacity of fluvial brine-bearing formations to sequester CO 2 is investigated using numerical simulations of CO

323

Evaluation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Frio Formation, Upper Texas Gulf Coast for Geological Sequestration of CO2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Evaluation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Frio Formation, Upper Texas Gulf Coast for Geological Sequestration of CO 2 S. D. Hovorka (susan.hovorka@beg.utexas.edu; 512-471-4863) Bureau of Economic Geology, P.O. Box X, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78713 C. Doughty (CADoughty@lbl.gov; 510-486-6453 ) Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Road Mailstop 90-1116, Berkeley, CA 94720 P. R. Knox (paul.knox@beg.utexas.edu; 512-471-7313), Bureau of Economic Geology, P.O. Box X, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78713 C. T. Green (ctgreen@ucdavis.edu; 510-495-2461) University of California, Hydrologic Sciences, One Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616 K. Pruess(K_Pruess@lbl.gov; 510-486-6732) Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Road Mailstop 90-1116,

324

Assessment of fish health effects resulting from exposure to oil sands wastewater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to determine if oil sands wastewater had an effect on the general health and condition of hatchery raised rainbow trout (200 to 400 g). Effects were assessed based on a battery of physiological and biochemical indices and the physical condition of the fish. The trout were exposed to tailings water in the field and in a flow through system under laboratory conditions. The field tests were conducted in 1992 and 1993 in experimental ponds at Syncrude which contained fine tails covered with surface water, fine tails covered with tailings water, and a surface water control pond. The laboratory treatments included Mildred Lake tailings water, dyke drainage water, fractionated tailings pond water (acid fraction containing naphthenic acids), sodium naphthenate, recycle water from Suncor`s tailings pond, and a laboratory control. All body condition factors and blood parameters were normal in the field and laboratory exposed fish and there were no apparent differences between the fish exposed to the tailings water and controls.

Balch, G.C.; Goudey, J.S. [HydroQual Labs. Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Birkholtz, D. [EnviroTest Labs. Ltd., Edmonton, Alberta (Canada); Van Meer, T.; MacKinnon, M. [Syncrude Canada Ltd., Fort McMurray, Alberta (Canada)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

325

Methane hydrate formation and dissociationin a partially saturatedcore-scale sand sample  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We performed a series of experiments to provide data forvalidating numerical models of gas hydrate behavior in porous media.Methane hydrate was formed and dissociated under various conditions in alarge X-ray transparent pressure vessel, while pressure and temperaturewere monitored. In addition, X-ray computed tomography (CT) was used todetermine local density changes during the experiment. The goals of theexperiments were to observe changes occurring due to hydrate formationand dissociation, and to collect data to evaluate the importance ofhydrate dissociation kinetics in porous media. In the series ofexperiments, we performed thermal perturbations on the sand/water/gassystem, formed methane hydrate, performed thermal perturbations on thesand/hydrate/water/gas system resulting in hydrate formation anddissociation, formed hydrate in the resulting partially dissociatedsystem, and dissociated the hydrate by depressurization coupled withthermal stimulation. Our CT work shows significant water migration inaddition to possible shifting of mineral grains in response to hydrateformation and dissociation. The extensive data including pressure,temperatures at multiple locations, and density from CT data isdescribed.

Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Moridis, George J.; Seol,Yongkoo; Freifeld, Barry M.; Taylor, Charles E.; Gupta, Arvind

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

326

Open-system studies of water-feldspathic sand interactions at 200 ?C and 1 kilobar: an experimental investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this study was to investigate experimentally the diagenesis of a feldspathic sand in seawater and distilled water at 2DD C. and I ki lobar. This research has determined evolutionary trends of initial distilled water and seawater pore fluids as they react... studies offer the distinct advantage of strict control over the various parameters that contribute to diagenesis. These parameters include temperature, pressure, time, grain size, water to rock ratio, primary mineralogy, and formation water composition...

Bloom, Mark Alan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

327

Numerical modeling of gas migration into and through faulted sand reservoirs in Pabst Field (Main Pass East Block 259), northern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The further exploration and development of Pabst Gas Field with faulted sand reservoirs require an understanding of the properties and roles of faults, particularly Low Throw near Vertical Faults (LTNVFs), in gas migration and accumulation at a...

Li, Yuqian

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

328

Estimation of radiation doses associated with natural radioactivity in sand samples of the north western areas of Pakistan using Monte Carlo simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides, i.e., 226Ra, 232Th and 40K, were measured in sand samples of north western areas of Pakistan using gamma-spectrometry. The measured ranges of activity...

Khalid Khan; P. Akhter; S. D. Orfi

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Characterization of the 3-D Properties of the Fine-Grained Turbidite 8 Sand Reservoir, Green Canyon 18, Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-grained turbidity currents is composed of alternating sand and shale layers, whose extension is assumed to be large. They correspond to levee and overbank deposits that are usually associated to channel systems. The high porosity values, coming from unconsolidated...

Plantevin, Matthieu Francois

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

330

Horizontal well construction/completion process in a Gulf of Mexico unconsolidated sand: development of baseline correlations for improved drill-in fluid cleanup practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines, in detail, the procedures and practices undertaken in the drilling and completion phases of a Gulf of Mexico horizontal well in an unconsolidated sand. In particular, this thesis presents a detailed case history analysis...

Lacewell, Jason Lawrence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

331

Effect of Load Path on Mode of Failure at the Brittle-ductile Transition in Well-sorted Aggregates of St. Peter Sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF LOAD PATH ON MODE OF FAILURE AT THE BRITTLE-DUCTILE TRANSITION IN WELL-SORTED AGGREGATES OF ST. PETER SAND A Thesis by GOKTURK MEHMET DILCI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2010 Major Subject: Geology EFFECT OF LOAD PATH ON MODE OF FAILURE AT THE BRITTLE-DUCTILE TRANSITION IN WELL-SORTED AGGREGATES OF ST. PETER SAND...

Dilci, Gokturk Mehmet

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

332

Architecture of gas-hydrate-bearing sands from Walker Ridge 313, Green Canyon 955, and Alaminos Canyon 21: Northern deepwater Gulf of Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Logging-while-drilling data acquired during the 2009 Gulf of Mexico (GoM) Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II program combined with features observed in seismic data allow assessment of the depositional environment, geometry, and internal architecture of gas-hydrate-bearing sand reservoirs from three sites in the northern Gulf of Mexico (GoM): Walker Ridge 313, Alaminos Canyon 21, and Green Canyon 955. The site descriptions assist in the understanding of the geological development of gas-hydrate-bearing sands and in the assessment of their energy production potential. Three sand-rich units are described from the Walker Ridge site, including multiple ponded sand-bodies representing turbidite channel and associated levee and terminal lobe environments within the Terrebonne basin on the lower slope of the GoM. Older units display fewer but greater-reservoir-quality channel and proximal levee facies as compared to thinner, more continuous, and unconfined sheet-like sands that characterize the younger units, suggesting a decrease in depositional gradient with time in the basin. The three wells in the Green Canyon 955 site penetrated proximal levee sands within a previously recognized Late Pleistocene basin floor turbidite-channel-levee complex. Reservoirs encountered in GC955 exhibit thin-bedded internal structure and complex fault compartmentalization. Two wells drilled in the Alaminos Canyon 21 site tested a large, shallow, sand unit within the Diana mini-basin that exhibits steep lateral margins, non-sinuous elongate form, and flat base with hummocky upper surface. These features suggest deposition as a mass-transport deposit consisting of remobilized sand-rich turbidites or as a large basin-floor fan that was potentially eroded and buried by later-stage, mud-prone, mass-transport deposits.

Ray Boswell; Matthew Frye; Dianna Shelander; William Shedd; Daniel R. McConnell; Ann Cook

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

High resolution sequence stratigraphic and reservoir characterization studies of D-07, D-08 and E-01 sands, Block 2 Meren field, offshore Niger Delta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Niger Delta. The upper Miocene D-07, D-08 and E-01 oil sands comprise a series of stacked hydrocarbon reservoirs in Block 2 of Meren field. These reservoir sandstones were deposited in offshore to upper shoreface environments. Seven depositional... (offshore marine facies). Lithofacies have distinct mean petrophysical properties, although there is overlap in the range of values. The highest quality reservoir deposits are cross-bedded sands that were deposited in high-energy upper shoreface...

Esan, Adegbenga Oluwafemi

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

334

Laboratory tests, statistical analysis and correlations for regained permeability and breakthrough time in unconsolidated sands for improved drill-in fluid cleanup practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATORY TESTS) STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND CORRELATIONS FOR REGAINED PERMEABILITY AND BREAKTHROUGH TIME IN UNCONSOLIDATED SANDS FOR IMPROVED DRILL-IN FLUID CLEANUP PRACTICES A Thesis GERARDO ENRIQUE SERRANO Submitted to the Office of Graduate... AND BREAKTHROUGH TIME IN UNCONSOLIDATED SANDS FOR IMPROVED DRILL-IN FLUID CLEANUP PRACTICES A Thesis by GERARDO ENRIQUE SERRANO Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved...

Serrano, Gerardo Enrique

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

335

Unusual behavior of propane as a co-guest during hydrate formation in silica sand: Potential application to seawater desalination and carbon dioxide capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We report an unusual behavior of hydrate formation in silica sand with gas mixtures containing propane as a co-guest. Based on morphology study we observed that propane as a co-guest has the ability to draw water dispersed in silica sand to the hydrate formation region and showed a tendency to result in drastic hydrate growth due to the migration of water molecules to the gas phase region. Hydrate nucleation occurred in the interstitial pore space between the silica sand particles and hydrate growth occurred in the gas phase above the silica sand bed and to sustain the hydrate growth, dispersed water was drawn towards the hydrate growth front. In addition, we elucidated the effect of sand bed height to maximize the growth rates utilizing this behavior that results in enhanced kinetics. We propose conceptual designs for utilizing this behavior of propane as a co-guest in sand for seawater desalination and an innovative approach to simultaneously capture carbon dioxide and desalinate seawater.

Ponnivalavan Babu; Rajnish Kumar; Praveen Linga

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Inorganic Carbon Turnover caused by Digestion of Carbonate Sands and Metabolic Activity of Holothurians  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent measurements have shown that holothurians (sea cucumbers) play an important role in the cycling of CaCO3 in tropical coral reef systems through ingestion and processing of carbonate sediment. In this study inorganic additional aspects of carbon turnover were determined in laboratory incubations of Holothuria atra, H. leucospilota and Stichopus herrmanni from One Tree Reef, Great Barrier Reef. The pH values of the gut lumen ranged from 6.1 to 6.7 in animals with empty digestive tracts as opposed to 7.0 to 7.6 when digestive tracts were filled with sediment. Empty gut volume estimates for H. atra and S. herrmanni were 36 ± 4 mL and 151 ± 14 mL, respectively. Based on these measurements it is estimated that these species process 19 ± 2kg and 80 ± 7kg CaCO3 sand yr-1 per individual, respectively. The annual dissolution rates of H. atra and S. herrmanni of 6.5±1.9g and 9.6±1.4g, respectively, suggest that 0.05±0.02% and 0.1±0.02% of the CaCO3 processed through their gut annually is dissolved. During the incubations the CaCO3 dissolution was 0.07±0.01%, 0.04±0.01% and 0.21±0.05% of the fecal casts for H. atra, H. leucospilota and S. herrmanni, respectively. The CaCO3 saturation state for both aragonite and calcite minerals during laboratory incubations decreased markedly due to a greater increase in dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) relative to total alkalinity (AT) as a result of respiration by the animals. Our results support the hypothesis that deposit feeders such as sea cucumbers play an important ecological role in the coral reef CaCO3 cycle.

Schneider, Kenneth; Silverman, Jacob; Kravitz, Benjamin S.; Rivlin, Tanya; Schneider-Mor, Aya; Barbosa, Sergio; Byrne, Maria; Caldeira, Ken

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

337

Geological characterization and statistical comparison of outcrop and subsurface facies: Shannon shelf sand ridges: Topical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective of this research is to develop a methodology for constructing accurate quantitative models of reservoir heterogeneities. The resulting models are expected to improve predictions of flow patterns, spatial distribution of residual oil after secondary and tertiary recovery operations, and ultimate oil recovery. The purpose of this study is to provide preliminary evaluation of the usefulness of outcrop information in characterizing analogous reservoirs and to develop research techniques necessary for model development. The Shannon Sandstone, a shelf sand ridge deposit in the Powder River Basin, Wyoming, was studied. Sedimentologic and petrophysical features of an outcrop exposure of the High-Energy Ridge-Margin facies (HERM) within the Shannon were compared with those from a Shannon sandstone reservoir in Teapot Dome field. Comparisons of outcrop and subsurface permeability and porosity histograms, cumulative distribution functions, correlation lengths and natural logarithm of permeability versus porosity plots indicate a strong similarity between Shannon outcrop and Teapot Dome HERM facies petrophysical properties. Permeability classes found in outcrop samples can be related to crossbedded zones and shaley, rippled, and bioturbated zones. Similar permeability classes related to similar sedimentologic features were found in Teapot Dome field. The similarities of outcrop and Teapot Dome petrophysical properties, which are from the same geologic facies but from different depositional episodes, suggest that rocks deposited under similar depositional processes within a given deposystem have similar reservoir properties. The results of the study indicate that the use of quantitative outcrop information in characterizing reservoirs may provide a significant improvement in reservoir characterization. 17 refs., 5 tabs.

Jackson, S.; Szpakiewicz, M.; Tomutsa, L.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Party Discipline and Pork-Barrel Politics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the legislature, then K g f1;2;3g;j = arg max H(g j ) g j1 can be written as A U i1 = I i1 + A V 1 g f1;2;3g + h A2 ) 3 V 1 g f1;3g + where j h A i1 i A A i1 + 1 + (1 A i A V

Grossman, Gene M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Preparation and evaluation of hydrotreating catalysts based on activated carbon derived from oil sand petroleum coke  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Novel Ni–Mo/activated carbon (AC) hydrotreating catalysts were prepared and evaluated for upgrading heavy vacuum gas oil (HVGO). The AC supports were derived from Alberta oil sand petroleum coke, i.e. fluid coke and/or delayed coke, hereafter referred to as OSP coke, through a chemical process. The BET surface area was as high as 2194 m2/g for the fluid coke derived AC and 2357 m2/g for the delayed coke derived AC. Both \\{ACs\\} contained a large number of micropores with pore volume as high as 1.2 cm3/g. Ni and Mo based active component precursors could be easily loaded on the activated carbon supports by chemical impregnation of nickel nitrate and ammonium molybdate followed by calcination in nitrogen at 773 K without further modification or oxidation treatment to the activated carbons. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation showed highly porous surface structure of the bare activated carbon supports and well dispersed metal (oxide) precursor nanoparticles of 30–50 nm loaded on the AC supports. For comparison, two reference catalysts were also prepared by the same procedure but using commercial activated carbon and porous alumina as supports. After catalyst activation by sulfiding, the hydrotreating performance of the prepared catalysts was evaluated in a magnetically stirred autoclave with a HVGO feedstock to examine their hydrodesulfurization (HDS) and hydrodenitrogenation (HDN) activities. Two commercial hydrotreating catalysts were also tested and compared under similar conditions with the same feed. The results showed that the catalysts based on the activated carbon supports prepared from OSP coke had better hydrotreating performance than the other catalysts. Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) characterization of the catalysts after activation showed that small particles of nanostructure (2–5 nm in size) were evenly embedded in the carbon matrix except for some bigger particles that were located on the catalyst surface. Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy revealed that these particles were composed of Ni, Mo and S elements. The dispersed nanoparticles formed the active sites and were responsible for the observed high HDS and HDN activity. Elemental analysis and surface characterization of the spent catalysts showed that the formation of coke precursors was favored on the alumina supported catalyst, which resulted in catalyst deactivation.

Yu Shi; Jinwen Chen; Jian Chen; Robb A. Macleod; Marek Malac

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Corrections and additions to the User's Guide for SNAP (NUREG/CR-1245, SAND80-0315). [BSTAT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains corrections and additions to the User's Guide for SNAP (NUREG/CR-1245, SAND80-0315). These update the SNAP report so that it documents the most current version of SNAP. An additional program, BATLE Statistics (BSTAT), is described here. It provides a post-processing capability to analyze engagement data from SNAP simulations. The work documented by this report was performed by Pritsker and Associates, Inc., under contract to Sandia National Laboratories for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research and the US Naval Surface Weapons Center.

Polito, J.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Fate of Sulfur, Chlorine, Alkali Metal, and Vanadium Species during High-Temperature Gasification of Canadian Tar Sand Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Co-feed of alternative fuels, e.g., petcoke, gains increasing importance for energy conversion in not only Germany but also worldwide. ... The aim of this work was to obtain detailed information on the influence of fuel composition of the refinery product line tar sand, bitumen, and petcoke in comparison to the standard fuel hard coal on the release of sodium, potassium, chlorine, sulfur, and vanadium species during high-temperature gasification. ... In addition to the pure fuels, blends of hard coal and petcoke were gasified in lab-scale experiments in a helium/oxygen atmosphere at 1500 °C. ...

Marc Bläsing; Kaveh Nazeri; Michael Müller

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Source and distribution patterns of the Late Pleistocene-Holocene sands on the Central Texas-Louisiana continental shelf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPlEX Sco C ee 25 Table 1: SAND MINERALOGY, COLORADO RIVER SOURCE TERRANES (from Magenheimer, 1985) CRYSTALLINE ROCKS, LLANO UPLIFT Mq Pq Mica IRF SRF MRF Other Packsaddle Schist (3) Valley Spring Gneiss (3) Town Mountain Granite (4) Younger... Granite (I) 33 32 29 21 33 45 53 44 8 0 0 3 0 0 4 10 0 12 12 0 17 7 11 7 0 2 0 11 Nean, all rocks 30 5 5 0 7 6 CAMBRIAN-TRIASSIC SEDIMENTARY ROCKS, CENTRAL PLAINS Pq F Mica IRF SRF MRF Other Riley Formation (1) Strawn Group (2...

Reutter, David Christian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

343

A study of the distribution of surface active agent on sand by the use of radioactive tracers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that a mass sone movement did not exist. The fatty acid constituents of the surfactant were sepax'ated, as chro- matogz. aphic theory would dictate. This effect was neglected by eazliez workers in this field. The smallez' band. s wax e then moved... employed as chemical additives to the flooding water. Prioz" to the utilization of the theory of adsorption in this work, investigatoz s believed that it was necessary to covex the entire sand surface with the chem- ical in order to efficiently lowex...

Little, Jack Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

344

A mathematical model for countercurrent moving-bed activated carbon adsorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the carbon column was divided into ten sections and the activated carbon flow rate was such that its detention time was fifty hours. Also, during this fifty hours one thousand gallons of water were treated. Thus the water volume of each section would... be one thou- sand gallons divided by ten sections or 100 gallons. One practical difficulty with the model is that an acti- vated carbon volume must be assumed, tests made, and calculations performed to determine if the effluent quality...

Anderson, Douglas Harold

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Yellow perch embryo-larval survival and growth in surface waters associated with oil-sands mining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of their land reclamation strategy, Syncrude Canada Ltd. is currently developing environmentally acceptable tailings disposal methods. Fine tailings, a suspension of clay and residual bitumen, is the waste product from oil sands extraction. Fine-tailings contain naphthenic acids, a group of saturated aliphatic and alicyclic carboxylic acids, which occur naturally in petroleum and are partly responsible for the toxicity of process water. The wet landscape method involves covering fine tails with a layer of water such that a self-sustaining ecosystem can be established. A 5 ha demonstration pond with a bottom of fine-tailings was constructed and stocked with yellow perch for experimental purposes. Two other reclaimed ponds formed with oil-sands overburden material were also stocked with perch. Adult perch sampled in the fall of 1995 from the experimental and reclaimed ponds exhibited a 2-fold induction of MFO activity compared to the source lake; indicating organic compound exposure. Perch from one of the reclaimed ponds showed significantly reduced circulating reproductive hormone levels, gonad size and smaller ovarian follicles. Reproductive parameters were not different between the source lake and the remaining ponds. Paired lab and field experiments were conducted to determine if contaminants present would be detrimental to egg viability and development of larvae either through direct exposure of spawned eggs or indirectly by effecting oogenesis. An early life stage toxicity test was also performed using commercially available naphthenic acid standard. Endpoints measured were percent fertilization, percent hatch, mortality, deformities, timing of developmental periods and larval growth.

Peters, L.E.; Heuvel, M.R. van den; Dixon, D.G. [Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada); Power, M. [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Boerger, H.; MacKinnon, M.D.; Meer, T. Van [Syncrude Canada, Fort McMurray, Alberta (Canada)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

346

Tertiary development of heavy oil sands through thermal stimulation in the Wilmington Oil Field, California: A geological perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1995, a DOE cost share project was initiated to extend thermal recovery in the Tar Zone, Fault Block 11 of the West Wilmington Oil Field, California. The project involved the collection of old oil well data and the construction of a modern digital data base in order to develop a deterministic geological model. The plan was to rigorously define the geology such that horizontal wells could be accurately placed within the sands containing heavy oil to facilitate gravity drainage. A detailed deterministic geological model was constructed using a state of the art 3D mapping and modeling package. Beginning in July, 1995, five observation wells were drilled. Data inconsistencies were revealed when core hole OB2-003 was drilled. It was discovered that the data used to make the maps was corrupted; as a result, the predicted coring point was missed by more than 20'. Significant modifications to the data base were required due to inaccurate subsidence corrections in the original data set. Horizontal wells were then laid out based on the revised data and the geological model was completely reconstructed. Detailed cross sections extracted from the model were use for geosteering. These cross sections proved to be highly accurate and five more wells are now planned for the target sands. This detailed deterministic model will be further refined and combined with our geostatistical mode for geological control in an advanced reservoir simulator. If successful, the thermal stimulation project will be expanded to other fault blocks.

Clarke, D.D. (Department of Oil Properties, Long Beach, CA (United States)); Henry, M.J.; Strehle, R.W. (Dept. of Oil Properties, Long Beach, CA (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Tertiary development of heavy oil sands through thermal stimulation in the Wilmington Oil Field, California: A geological perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1995, a DOE cost share project was initiated to extend thermal recovery in the Tar Zone, Fault Block 11 of the West Wilmington Oil Field, California. The project involved the collection of old oil well data and the construction of a modern digital data base in order to develop a deterministic geological model. The plan was to rigorously define the geology such that horizontal wells could be accurately placed within the sands containing heavy oil to facilitate gravity drainage. A detailed deterministic geological model was constructed using a state of the art 3D mapping and modeling package. Beginning in July, 1995, five observation wells were drilled. Data inconsistencies were revealed when core hole OB2-003 was drilled. It was discovered that the data used to make the maps was corrupted; as a result, the predicted coring point was missed by more than 20`. Significant modifications to the data base were required due to inaccurate subsidence corrections in the original data set. Horizontal wells were then laid out based on the revised data and the geological model was completely reconstructed. Detailed cross sections extracted from the model were use for geosteering. These cross sections proved to be highly accurate and five more wells are now planned for the target sands. This detailed deterministic model will be further refined and combined with our geostatistical mode for geological control in an advanced reservoir simulator. If successful, the thermal stimulation project will be expanded to other fault blocks.

Clarke, D.D. [Department of Oil Properties, Long Beach, CA (United States); Henry, M.J.; Strehle, R.W. [Dept. of Oil Properties, Long Beach, CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

348

Design of a novel drilled-and-grouted pile in sand for offshore oil&gas structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract New offshore oil and gas exploration has placed renewed emphasis on developing structures in relatively complex geological conditions. Due to the damaging nature of impact driving, traditional steel piles used to support jacket structures, are not ideally suited to specific soil types, such as carbonate sands. Drilled and grouted piles are commonly used to support structures in these soil conditions. This paper describes a novel drilled pile, which has been developed specifically to provide a cost effective installation process while maintaining the benefits of grouted piles. The installation process negates the need for temporary casing in weak soils and minimizes the number of offshore operations. In this paper, the installation methodology and post-installation performance of a large scale onshore field trial is described. The installation process was successfully demonstrated with a 1.9 m diameter test pile installed in fine sand to 17.7 m depth in under 3 h. The performance of the pile, as measured in a tension static load test, was shown to compare favorably with existing pile design methods.

David Igoe; Giovanni Spagnoli; Paul Doherty; Leonhard Weixler

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Spatial variation of void ratio and shear band thickness in sand using X-ray computed tomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed study of spatial variation of void ratio and shear band thickness measurements is presented in this paper. A prismatic sand specimen that initially measured 57{center_dot}4 mm wide x 120{center_dot}5 mm long x 182{center_dot}1 mm high was sheared under plane-strain (biaxial) loading conditions. The specimen was prepared at a relative density of 79% using F-75 Ottawa sand. X-ray computed tomography was used to scan the specimen before shearing and after the onset of the shear band. The specimen failed through a single shear band with an inclination angle of 65{center_dot}6{sup o} measured from the direction of the minor principal stress. Computer algorithms were developed to calibrate CT images and quantify void ratio (e) variation within the specimen. CT data analysis revealed cross-sectional spatial variation in void ratio where density is higher in regions close to the edges of the specimen due to membrane effects and confining pressure with no significant variation in void ratio in the axial direction (top to bottom) before shearing. The shear band was easily identified from the CT images, and analysis of void ratio showed a noticeable jump in void ratio profile across the shear band. A detailed statistical summary of the thickness of the shear band and variation of void ratio across the shear band is presented and discussed.

Alshibli, K.A.; Hasan, A. (LSU)

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Nanoscale Imaging of Airborne Particles Mike Bogan Stanford PULSE Institute, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diagnostics with an X-ray Laser? Lessons from the First Diagnostics with an X-ray Laser? Lessons from the First Nanoscale Imaging of Airborne Particles Mike Bogan Stanford PULSE Institute, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA What does airborne particulate matter look like? How do we develop quantitative descriptors for particles of complex morphology? These challenges were highlighted in the NIST workshop report "Aerosol Metrology Needs for Climate Science" (Dec, 2011). Sure, we can capture aerosol particles on surfaces - removing them from their airborne state - and probe them with high resolution optical and chemical imaging tools, but what information do we lose about the airborne particles? How can we follow dynamics? In this talk we will explore these very basic questions and their importance to combustion

351

Methane hydrate distribution from prolonged and repeated formation in natural and compacted sand samples: X-ray CT observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To study physical properties of methane gas hydrate-bearing sediments, it is necessary to synthesize laboratory samples due to the limited availability of cores from natural deposits. X-ray computed tomography (CT) and other observations have shown gas hydrate to occur in a number of morphologies over a variety of sediment types. To aid in understanding formation and growth patterns of hydrate in sediments, methane hydrate was repeatedly formed in laboratory-packed sand samples and in a natural sediment core from the Mount Elbert Stratigraphic Test Well. CT scanning was performed during hydrate formation and decomposition steps, and periodically while the hydrate samples remained under stable conditions for up to 60 days. The investigation revealed the impact of water saturation on location and morphology of hydrate in both laboratory and natural sediments during repeated hydrate formations. Significant redistribution of hydrate and water in the samples was observed over both the short and long term.

Rees, E.V.L.; Kneafsey, T.J.; Seol, Y.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Issues in Focus - Natural  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption in Canadian Oil Sands Production Consumption in Canadian Oil Sands Production Issues In Focus. Natural Gas Consumption in Canadian Oil Sands Production In recent years, extensive investment has gone into the development of AlbertaÂ’s oil sands. In 2002, CanadaÂ’s crude bitumen production from oil sands averaged 790,000 barrels per day, while conventional crude output was 2,140,000 barrels per day (including natural gas liquids). Natural gas is used both to extract the bitumen from the sand and to convert the bitumen into syncrude. Currently, oil sands operations consume approximately 330 billion cubic feet per year of natural gas. Printer Friendly Version Projection 2002 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 Tar sands oil supply (million barrels per day) Mined bitumen 0.43 0.56 0.87 1.64 1.82 1.87

353

Interactions between nitrifying bacteria and hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria during detoxification of oil sands process affected water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large quantities of process water are produced during the extraction of bitumen from oil sands by the Syncrude and Suncor operations in northern Alberta. Freshly produced tailings water is acutely toxic, but it has been shown to slowly detoxify over time. As detoxification proceeds, there is also a precipitous decrease in ammonia concentrations. The present study examines these two microbially-mediated processes in relation to levels of bacteria and toxicants in mixtures of fresh and aged (detoxified) tailings water. Detoxification of tailings water was greatly accelerated when equal volumes of fresh and detoxified (natural aging for one year) tailings water were mixed. Addition of phosphorus further stimulated detoxification, causing levels of ammonia and naphthenic acids (toxic organic acids leached during bitumen extraction) to decrease to those of detoxified water within two months. Such changes were not observed when phosphorus was not added, or when it was added to less diluted (10-.1 or 3-.1) fresh tailings water. Populations of nitrifying bacteria and naphthenic acid degraders increased markedly in the phosphorus-amended mixtures, but not in its absence. Addition of CS{sub 2} (a specific inhibitor of nitrification) to these mixtures prevented ammonia oxidation. Surprisingly, it also prevented the increase in naphthenic acid-degraders and retarded the loss of naphthenic acids. These results suggest the existence of interactions in fresh tailings water between nitrifying bacteria, naphthenic acid degraders and toxicants. The activity of naphthenic acid-degraders apparently remains low until ammonia is oxidized, whereas that of nitrifying bacteria remains low until concentrations of naphthenic acids or other toxicants decrease below some threshold level. Understanding these interactions may lead to more efficient and effective processes to detoxify oil sands process water.

Sobolewski, A. [Microbial Technologies, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); MacKinnon, M. [Syncrude Research, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

354

Use of computed X-ray tomographic data for analyzing the thermodynamics of a dissociating porous sand/hydrate mixture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray computed tomography (CT) is a method that has been used extensively in laboratory experiments for measuring rock properties and fluid transport behavior. More recently, CT scanning has been applied successfully to detect the presence and study the behavior of naturally occurring hydrates. In this study, we used a modified medical CT scanner to image and analyze the progression of a dissociation front in a synthetic methane hydrate/sand mixture. The sample was initially scanned under conditions at which the hydrate is stable (atmospheric pressure and liquid nitrogen temperature, 77 K). The end of the sample holder was then exposed to the ambient air, and the core was continuously scanned as dissociation occurred in response to the rising temperature. CT imaging captured the advancing dissociation front clearly and accurately. The evolved gas volume was monitored as a function of time. Measured by CT, the advancing hydrate dissociation front was modeled as a thermal conduction problem explicitly incorporating the enthalpy of dissociation, using the Stefan moving-boundary-value approach. The assumptions needed to perform the analysis consisted of temperatures at the model boundaries. The estimated value for thermal conductivity of 2.6 W/m K for the remaining water ice/sand mixture is higher than expected based on conduction alone; this high value may represent a lumped parameter that incorporates the processes of heat conduction, methane gas convection, and any kinetic effects that occur during dissociation. The technique presented here has broad implications for future laboratory and field testing that incorporates geophysical techniques to monitor gas hydrate dissociation.

Freifeld, Barry M.; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Stern, Laura A.; Kirby, Stephen H.

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

355

Influence of depositional sand quality and diagenesis on porosity and permeability: Examples from Brent Group reservoirs, northern North Sea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multivariate statistical analysis was applied to examine correlations between reservoir quality and petrology in two data sets from the Middle Jurassic Brent Group. One of the data sets is from relatively shallow depth and has been little affected by chemical diagenesis (Statfjord Nord and Ost Fields; 2.3--2.6 km below the sea floor), while the second data set is from a more deeply buried reservoir having an advanced degree of diagenesis (Huldra Field; 3.6--3.9 km). Much of the total variation in porosity and permeability within each data set (0.02 mD to > 7 D in both sets) can be accounted for by laboratory measurements of parameters mainly related to depositional sand quality, including shaliness (represented by bulk-rock alumina/silica ratio), early carbonate cement, feldspar content, and grain size. Despite major differences in the proportions of different sedimentary facies in the two data sets, they have similar ranges of depositional sand quality and therefore probably had similar reservoir quality early in their burial history. Deeper burial diagenesis at Huldra Field has shifted the average of both porosity and permeability to lower values and produced a bimodal permeability distribution, apparently reflecting preferential preservation of permeability in the cleaner sandstones. On the basis of these examples, the author outlines an approach for unmixing the diagenetic and lithologic components of variation in regional compilations of sandstone porosity-permeability data. The procedure and its consequences are illustrated using a regional compilation of core data from the Brent Group of the northern North Sea.

Ehrenberg, S.N. [Statoil, Harstad (Norway)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Influence of depositional sand quality of porosity and permeability: Examples from Brent Group Reservoirs in the northern North Sea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multivariate statistical analysis was applied to examine correlation between reservoir quality and petrology in two data sets from the Middle Jurassic Brent Group. One of the data sets is from relatively shallow depth an has been little affected by chemical diagenesis (Staffjord Nord & Ost Fields 2.3-2.6 km below the sea floor), while the second data set is from a more deeply buried reservoir having an advanced degree of diagenesis (Huldra Field 3.6-3.9 km). Much of the total variation in porosity and permeability (0.02 mD to >7 D in both sets) can be accounted for by laboratory measurements of parameters mainly related to depositional sand quality, including {open_quotes}shaliness{close_quotes} (represented by bulk-rock alumina content), earl carbonate cement, feldspar content, and grain size. Despite major differences in the proportions of different sedimentary facies in the two data sets, they have similar ranges of depositional sand quality and therefore probably had similar reservoir quality early in their burial history. Deeper burial diagenesis at Huldra Field has shifted the average porosity and permeability lower and produced a bimodal permeability distribution, apparently reflecting preferential preservation of permeability in the cleaner sandstones. Based on these examples, a method is outlined for {open_quotes}unmixing{close_quotes} the diagenetic and lithologic components of variation in regional compilations of sandstone porosity-permeability data. The procedure and its consequences are illustrated using a regional compilation of core data from the Brent Group of northern North Sea.

Ehrenberg, S.N.; Bjorkum, P.A.; Naddeau, P.H. [Statoil, Stavanger (Norway)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

357

Use of Computed X-ray Tomographic Data for Analyzing the Thermodynamics of a Dissociating Porous Sand/Hydrate Mixture  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

X-ray computed tomography (CT) is a method that has been used extensively in laboratory experiments for measuring rock properties and fluid transport behavior. More recently, CT scanning has been applied successfully to detect the presence and study the behavior of naturally occurring hydrates. In this study, we used a modified medical CT scanner to image and analyze the progression of a dissociation front in a synthetic methane hydrate/sand mixture. The sample was initially scanned under conditions at which the hydrate is stable (atmospheric pressure and liquid nitrogen temperature, 77 K). The end of the sample holder was then exposed to the ambient air, and the core was continuously scanned as dissociation occurred in response to the rising temperature. CT imaging captured the advancing dissociation front clearly and accurately. The evolved gas volume was monitored as a function of time. Measured by CT, the advancing hydrate dissociation front was modeled as a thermal conduction problem explicitly incorporating the enthalpy of dissociation, using the Stefan moving-boundary-value approach. The assumptions needed to perform the analysis consisted of temperatures at the model boundaries. The estimated value for thermal conductivity of 2.6 W/m K for the remaining water ice/sand mixture is higher than expected based on conduction alone; this high value may represent a lumped parameter that incorporates the processes of heat conduction, methane gas convection, and any kinetic effects that occur during dissociation. The technique presented here has broad implications for future laboratory and field testing that incorporates geophysical techniques to monitor gas hydrate dissociation.

Freifeld, Barry M.; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Stern, Laura A.; Kirby, Stephen H.

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

358

Natural radionuclide content and radiological hazard associated with usage of quartzite sand samples from Ovacik–Silifke–Mersin open pit as building material in Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......building materials such as gas concrete and concrete...respectively. CONCLUSIONS The natural radioactivity due to...Xiaolan Z. Measurement of natural radioactivity in sand...concentrations in surface soils in Cyprus samples. J. Environ...Karahan G., Karack Z. Natural and anthropogenic radionuclides......

S. Turhan; A. S. Aykamis; A. M. Kiliç

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

An NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) investigation of the chemical association and molecular dynamics in asphalt ridge tar sand ore and bitumen  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary studies on tar sand bitumen given in this report have shown that the reassociation of tar sand bitumen to its original molecular configuration after thermal stressing is a first-order process requiring nearly a week to establish equilibrium. Studies were also conducted on the dissolution of tar sand bitumen in solvents of varying polarity. At a high-weight fraction of solute to solvent the apparent molecular weight of the bitumen molecules was greater than that of the original bitumen when dissolved in chloroform-d/sub 1/ and benzene-d/sub 6/. This increase in the apparent molecular weight may be due to micellar formation or a weak solute-solvent molecular complex. Upon further dilution with any of the solvents studied, the apparent molecular weight of the tar sand bitumen decreased because of reduced van der Waals forces of interaction and/or hydrogen bonding. To define the exact nature of the interactions, it will be necessary to have viscosity measurements of the solutions. 30 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Netzel, D.A.; Coover, P.T.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Houlsby, G. T., Kelly, R. B., Huxtable, J. & Byrne, B. W. (2006). Geotechnique 56, No. 1, 310 Field trials of suction caissons in sand for offshore wind turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Field trials of suction caissons in sand for offshore wind turbine foundations G. T. HOULSBY*, R. B to the design of either monopod or quadruped foundations for offshore wind turbines. Records are presented conception de fonda- tions de turbines e´oliennes. INTRODUCTION The offshore wind energy industry is a very

Byrne, Byron

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Creating a new, sustainable community on the University's 5,000-acre property UMore Park Sand and Gravel Resources Final EIS to be published October 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/01/2010) ­ The University of Minnesota will publish the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the UMore Park Sand comment period for the Final EIS. This action follows the State EIS process under the environmental review and Gravel Resources Final EIS to be published October 4 Contact: Julie Bodurtha, External Relations

Netoff, Theoden

362

Effect of dilution and contaminants on strength and hydraulic conductivity of sand grouted with colloidal silica gel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Colloidal silica (CS) is a low-viscosity liquid that can be made to gel by addition of brine. This property allows it to be injected into, or mixed with, soil, so that after gelling the colloidal silica blocks the pore space in the soil and forms a barrier to the flow of contaminated groundwater or non-aqueous liquids (NAPLs). Gelled-in-place CS was first studied for the petroleum industry and later for protecting groundwater quality. Noll investigated the use of colloidal silica diluted so that its solids content was reduced from 30% (a typical nominal value for material as delivered) to values as low as 5%. The more dilute colloids could still be made to gel, although more slowly, and the resulting gel was weaker. Because the proposed application of colloidal silica grout involves emplacing it in the subsurface by permeation, jet grouting, or soil mixing where its role as a barrier will be to resist flow of contaminants, the effects of these contaminants on the properties of the grouted soil is also of interest. This work comprised four tasks. In Task 1, samples of grouted sand were prepared with a range of CS dilutions, for measurement of hydraulic conductivity and unconfined-compressive strength. In Task 2, these properties were measured on samples of grouted sand that incorporated 5% volumetric saturation of NAPLs. In Task 3, samples, prepared without any contaminants, were immersed in contaminant liquids and tested after 30 and 90 days. Task 4 was added because NAPL contamination in the samples of Tasks 2 and 3 impelled modifications in the test methods, and comparison of the results of Task 2 and Task 1 suggested that these modifications had introduced errors. In Task 4, samples were tested both ways, to confirm that in Tasks 2 and 3 strength was underestimated and hydraulic conductivity was overestimated. Despite the existence of these known systematic errors, the inclusion of control samples in Tasks 2 and 3 permits conclusions to be drawn from these data.

Persoff, P.; Apps, J.A.; Moridis, G.J. [and others

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The effect of low concentrations of assimilable organic carbon (AOC) in water on biological clogging of sand beds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Infiltration of pretreated surface water with recharge wells is hampered by biological clogging processes in the aquifer. The influence of the concentration of easily assimilable organic carbon (AOC) in water on clogging was investigated in filter beds operated under well-defined laboratory conditions using acetate as a model substrate. Acetate concentrations in the water as low as 0.01 mg C/l promoted clogging with the main head loss, caused by bacterial growth, in the first centimeter of the sand bed. An empirical model was developed describing a linear relationship between the operation period to reach a certain increase in head loss (TPi) and the reciprocal value of the acetate concentration or acetate load [Lac g C/ (m2 · d)] at a constant filtration rate. The rate of clogging, designated as the microbiological clogging factor (Cr), is defined by the slope of the linear relationship between the square root of the increase of the head loss (P112) and the operation time. This linear relationship demonstrated that the increase in clogging rate was constant with time. Observations at several locations with experimental recharge wells revealed that the AOC concentration is an important parameter for the biological clogging potential of water. The AOC concentration of water used for infiltration in a recharge well should be less than 0.01 mg acetate-C equiv/l to prevent biological clogging for a period of more than a year.

W.A.M. Hijnen; D. Van der Koou

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Enhanced rate of gas hydrate formation in a fixed bed column filled with sand compared to a stirred vessel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of two gas/liquid contact modes was evaluated in relation to the rate of gas hydrate formation. Hydrate formation experiments were conducted for several gas mixtures relevant to natural gas hydrate formation in the earth (CH4, CH4/C3H8, CH4/C2H6 and CH4/C2H6/C3H8) and two CO2 capture and storage (CO2, CO2/H2/C3H8). One set of experiments was conducted in a bed of silica sand, saturated with water (fixed fed column) while the other experiment was conducted in a stirred vessel for each gas/gas mixture. Both sets of experiments were conducted at a constant temperature. The rate of hydrate formation is customarily correlated with the rate of gas consumption. The results show that the rate of hydrate formation in the fixed bed column is significantly greater and thereby resulted in a higher percent of water conversion to hydrate in lesser reaction time for all the systems studied.

Praveen Linga; Nagu Daraboina; John A. Ripmeester; Peter Englezos

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

System and process for the abatement of casting pollution, reclaiming resin bonded sand, and/or recovering a low BTU fuel from castings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Air is caused to flow through the resin bonded mold to aid combustion of the resin binder to form a low BTU gas fuel. Casting heat is recovered for use in a waste heat boiler or other heat abstraction equipment. Foundry air pollution is reduced, the burned portion of the molding sand is recovered for immediate reuse and savings in fuel and other energy is achieved.

Scheffer, Karl D. (121 Governor Dr., Scotia, NY 12302)

1984-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

366

Building a state on shifting sands: An evaluation of the Palestinian National Authority's policy reforms and performance in the West Bank, 2009-2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building a state on shifting sands: An evaluation of the Palestinian National Authority’s policy reforms and performance in the West Bank, 2009-2011 By Kristine Knutter C2013 Submitted to the graduate degree program in Global... deteriorated. The international community, especially the United States (U.S.) and GoI, boycotted the election results and cut funding to the PA because the winning political party, Hamas, was designated as a terrorist organization in these countries. A...

Knutter, Kristine

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

Heterogeneity and Depositional Variability of Reef Sand Aprons: Integrated Field and Modeling of the Dynamics of Holocene Aranuka Atoll, Republic of Kiribati, Equatorial Pacific  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Environment, 2007). These factors include bottom shear stress, wind shear stress, wave radiation stress, flooding and drying, barometric pressure gradient, momentum dispersion, evaporation, and sources and sinks (DHI Water and Environment, 2007). Three..., and which include a range of grain sizes, from coral-algal boulders and rubble to sand. Bathymetrically above and platformward of the spur and groove system, a pavement of encrusting coralline red algae forms the reef crest (James, 1983; comparable...

Wasserman, Hannah

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

368

Analysing sand-dominated channel systems for potential gas-hydrate-reservoirs using an AVO seismic inversion technique on the Southern Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gas hydrates have recently been recognised as a class of unconventional petroleum resource and the economic viability of gas production from hydrates is now being viewed as a realistic possibility within the next decade. Therefore, potential offshore hydrate accumulations in the world-class endowed gas hydrate province, the Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand, represent a significant medium- to long-term opportunity to meet the country's future energy requirements. In this paper we delineate a potential gas hydrate reservoir in the East Coast Basin, New Zealand and quantitatively estimate its gas hydrate concentrations from 2D seismic data with no well information available. The target is interesting for exploration since it shows evidence for gas-hydrate bearing sands, in particular, buried channel systems. We use a combined analysis of high-resolution velocity analysis, amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) attribute and AVO inversion to investigate whether we can identify regions that are likely to contain highly concentrated gas hydrates and whether they are likely to be sand-dominated. To estimate hydrate concentrations we apply a rock physics model. Our results indicate the presence of several – up to 200 m thick – zones that are likely to host gas hydrates, with one location predicted to consist of high-permeable channel sands and an inferred gas hydrate saturation of ?25%. These findings suggest significant amounts of gas hydrates may be present in high-quality reservoirs on this part of the margin.

M. Fohrmann; I.A. Pecher

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Influence of riparian vegetation on channel widening and subsequent contraction on a sand-bed stream since European settlement: Widden Brook, Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Widden Brook in the Hunter Valley, Australia, was first settled by Europeans in 1831 and had widened substantially by the 1870s due to frequent floods during a flood-dominated regime impacting on highly disturbed banks whose riparian trees had been either ringbarked or cleared, and whose understorey had been grazed. Catastrophic floods in 1950 (many), two in August 1952 and one in February 1955 effected the final phase of channel widening at the onset of a second flood-dominated regime more than half a century after the initial widening. Contraction has been active since 1963 by a combination of five biogeomorphic processes. Firstly, rapid channel widening, migration and cutoffs totally reworked the pre-European floodplain and were followed by active floodplain formation. Initial bar formation was replaced by sand splay and overbank deposition which constructed a new floodplain and narrower channel. Secondly, overwidened channel segments that were produced by the catastrophic 1955 flood have contracted since 1963 by the formation of up to four bank-attached, discontinuous benches below the floodplain. Each bench has a bar nucleus of pebbly coarse sand overlain by stratified fine-medium sand and mud. Colonisation by River Sheoaks (Casuarina cunninghamiana subsp. cunninghamiana) or grasses (Cynodon dactylon, Paspalum distichum, Pennisetum clandestinum) is important in converting bars to benches. Thirdly, narrower segments which developed since 1963 have contracted by small-scale accretion on both banks. These deposits are steeply dipping, interbedded sand and mud trapped by stoloniferous and rhizomatous grasses (C. dactylon, P. distichum, P. clandestinum) which also rapidly stabilise the deposits. Fourthly, rare laterally migrating, small radius bends have contracted by recent point bar formation greatly exceeding cutbank recession rates. Point bar formation is controlled by secondary currents producing inclined stratified coarse sands without the influence of vegetation. Lastly, rare, overwidened, non-migrating, large radius bends have greatly contracted by the infilling of dissecting chutes across the convex bank. Establishment of stoloniferous and rhizomatous clonal grasses (Phragmites australis, C. dactylon, P. distichum, P. clandestinum) is important in inducing sedimentation of the chutes. Contraction has produced a much narrower channel than the design width between river training fences which were installed progressively between the 1960s and 1990s. The recent flood history of Widden Brook has not included any catastrophic floods of a size similar to February 1955. Our work demonstrates that both trees and grasses can be associated with narrower channel widths and that the causal link between width and vegetation type is more complex than usually acknowledged.

Wayne Erskine; Annabelle Keene; Richard Bush; Michael Cheetham; Anita Chalmers

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Stratigraphy, coal occurrence, and depositional history of the Paleocene Fort Union Formation, Sand Wash basin, northwestern Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fort Union Formation in the Sand Wash basin is divided into the massive Cretaceous and Tertiary (K/T) sandstone unit, lower coal-bearing unit, gray-green mudstone unit, basin sandy unit, and upper shaly unit. Lithofacies and coal-occurrence maps of the stratigraphic units indicate that sandstone bodies and coal beds occur along south-north oriented, intermontane fluvial systems. Net-sandstone-thickness trends of the massive K/T sandstone unit reveal laterally extensive channel-fill sandstones formed in north-flowing fluvial systems. The massive K/T sandstone unit's dominant source was in the Sawatch Range. Sandstones within the lower coal-bearing unit consist of similar north-flowing fluvial systems, but they are laterally discontinuous and have several tectonically active source areas, including the Uinta and Sierra Madre-Park uplifts, and Sawatch Range. Coal-occurrence maps of the lower coal-bearing unit indicate that maximum coal-bed thicknesses are greatest along the south-north-oriented fluvial axes. Coal beds thin and split to the east and west, confirming a direct relation between the position of thick, fluvial-sandstone bodies, which form a stable platform for peat accumulation, and the location of the thick coal beds. Above the lower coal-bearing unit, the gray-green mudstone unit forms north-trending belts centered R91W and R100W. The gray-green mudstone thins to the north and into the basin center and probably is lacustrine in origin, reflecting tectonic quiescence and cessation of coarse clastic sedimentation. The basin sandy unit is best developed in the central parts of the basin, where its fluvial depositional axis is oriented south-north. The upper shaly unit directly overlies the basin sandy unit and includes a thin Cherokee coal zone. The upper shaly unit has variable thicknesses due to erosion at the base of the Wasatch Formation and lateral facies changes.

Tyler, R. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

SAND2009-7836  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

process disclosed, or represent that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,...

372

SAND2012-4260  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

on Sodium Fires and Their Aerosols. Nucl. Eng. Des., 1977. 42(1): p. 123-135. 13. Jordan, S., et al., Sodium Aerosol Behavior in Liquid-Metal Fast Breeder Reactor...

373

Heads in the Sand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radioactive waste also surrounds us. The proposed Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository in Nevada is perhaps the best example of NIMBY’s unfortunate outcomes. Yucca Mountain was intended to receive ultimate...

Neil Shifrin PhD

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

SAND81-71  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

rte From intersection of US 50 & NV 20 (10 mi E of Eureka) proceed 15.9 mi SE to stock tanks & ruined cabin at Pogues Sta. Mc-Md outcrops to NW & SW. 30. Known drill holes None...

375

Sand2004-2812  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

one NEPA compliance review for proposed actions at SNLKTF. Water Quality Septic tanks do not require permitting or sampling, but as a best management practice, septic tanks...

376

Sand2005-4628  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

compliance review for proposed actions at SNLKTF. Water Quality Water Quality Septic tanks do not require permitting or sampling, but as a best management practice, Sandia...

377

SAND2013-10162  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the figure), which demonstrates the weight reduction trajectory in this series of blade design studies. The industry survey includes recent large blades including the...

378

SAND00-XXXX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

functionality of IPSEC and its accompanying many bytes of code is not necessary for an IED to have all needed security features. Certainly, it is not inconceivable that a pared...

379

SAND2012-0743  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Figure 14. The voltage drop over the solder connection with a 5-amp bus current. Horizontal lines show the threshold where arcing will begin to occur in air for different gap...

380

SAND2009-7836  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

and Maintenance - Cedric Hawkins ESSH Manager - Sylvia Saltzstein Analytical Services Manager - Melecita Archuleta Process Engineering Representative Team...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

SAND2013-3790  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Box 62 Oak Ridge, TN 37831 Telephone: (865) 576-8401 Facsimile: (865) 576-5728 E-Mail: reports@adonis.osti.gov Online ordering: http:www.osti.govbridge Available to the public...

382

White Sands Reservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cruces New Mexico Solar Energy Study Areas in New Mexico Map Prepared June 5, 2009 Property of the U Note 2) (As of 6/5/2009) Solar Energy Study Area (As of 6/5/2009) BLM Lands Being Analyzed for Solar Statement to Develop and Implement Agency-Specific Programs for Solar Energy Development NOTE 1 Revisions

Laughlin, Robert B.

383

SAND2005-6908  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

... 18 Figure 6. LabVIEW program that graphs ASCII data taken from the Macintosh that operates the mass spectrometer. The program runs in a...

384

SAND2007-5036  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Taylor 160 SW Scalehouse Loop 208 Bend, OR 97702 1 SMA America Attn: John Berdner 12438 Loma Rica Dr., Unit C Grass Valley, CA 95945 1 SolarOne Solutions Attn: Moneer Azzam 51...

385

SAND2011-6961  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

test system yielding key scientific understanding that would be translatable to other systems (i.e., graphene on copper). Upon the project's initiation, it was known that a few-...

386

SAND2007-6422  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

consumption of liquor, wine and beer (Lyr) as well as life expectancy in years and heart disease rate per lOO.OOOyr (Table 1). 9 Table 1. Data from Time Magazine. Liquor L...

387

Sand2005-6808  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

comprised of four individual units which give the system a total of 16 DOF. The first unit is a 3-DOF sample stage that allows lateral and angular motion. The remaining three...

388

SAND2011-6496  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

2.1 Model definition Let G(u) be a real-valued Gaussian random field with zero mean, unit variance, and covari- ance function c(u, v) EG(u) G(v), where EX denotes the...

389

SAND92-7293  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2-7293 Unlimited Release UC-235 Wind Effects on Convective Heat Loss From a Cavity Receiver for a Parabolic Concentrating Solar Collector Robert Y. Ma Department of Mechanical...

390

SAND2007-6811  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

deflection based on strength of materials relationships for elastically deformed beams in pure bending (roughly equivalent to bending from in-plane residual stresses). For a...

391

SAND2009-5751  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

even higher. 24 Figure 2-2. Energy of Ni boundaries by their distance from coherent twin Energy of 425 Ni boundaries plotted by their crystallographic distance from the coherent...

392

SAND2013-0369  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

structures. The light blue hatched is designed to flex which the grey is fixed. The green hatched is a constraint layer used to control the experiment energy and limit it to...

393

SAND2011-6006  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

potential. This discussion then goes on to presented a limited presentation as to how energy methods and Bayesian estimation are used together to qualify components i . Example...

394

SANDS0-2114  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(If the Reynolds Number, NACA Report No. 586, 1937. 2. L. Loftin. Jr .. and H. A. Smith, APrndynamir rharartPritic of 15 NACA Airtoil Sections at Seven Reynolds Numbers...

395

SAND2013-7915  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Digital image processing using MATLAB, Gatesmark Publishing Knoxville, 2009. 2 L.S. Smith, A. Hamilton, Neuromorphic Systems: Engineering Silicon from Neurobiology:papers at...

396

SAND2013-8199  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

to identify since most outbreaks are only recognized through reportable diseases by health departments and reports of unusual diseases by clinicians. In recent decades,...

397

SAND2013-8251  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

in the presence of bouyancy forces. Physical Review A, 1984. 30(1): p. 520-531. 111. Smith, J.E. and Z.F. Zhang, Determining effective interfacial tension and predicting...

398

Acid mine drainage prevention, control and treatment technology development for the Stockett/Sand Coulee area. Topical report, March 1, 1995--March 31, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project was initiated to assist the State of Montana to develop a methodology to ameliorate acid mine drainage problems associated with the abandoned mines located in the Stockett/Sand Coulee area near Great Falls, Montana. Extremely acidic water is continuously discharging from abandoned coal mines in the Stockett/Sand Coulee area at an estimated rate of greater than 600 acre-feet per year (about 350 to 400 gallons per minute). Due to its extreme acidity, the water is unusable and is contaminating other water supplies. Most of the local alluvial aquifers have been contaminated, and nearly 5% of the private wells that were tested in the area during the mid-1980`s showed some degree of contamination. Significant government money has been spent replacing water supplies due to the magnitude of this problem. In addition, millions of dollars have been spent trying to remediate acid mine drainage occurring in this coal field. To date, the techniques used have focused on the management and containment of mine waters, rather than designing technologies that would prevent the formation of acid mine drainage.

Brown, T.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

399

Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, July--September 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Progress made in five research programs is described. The subtasks in oil shale study include oil shale process studies and unconventional applications and markets for western oil shale.The tar sand study is on recycle oil pyrolysis and extraction (ROPE) process. Four tasks are described in coal research: underground coal gasification; coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and sold waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research covers: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; NMR analysis of sample from the ocean drilling program; and menu driven access to the WDEQ hydrologic data management system.

Not Available

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

Survey of tar sand deposits, heavy oil fields, and shallow light oil fields of the United States for underground coal gasification applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A literature survey was conducted to identify areas of the United States where tar sand deposits, heavy oil fields, or shallow light oil fields might be suitably associated with coal deposits for production of oil by in situ thermal recovery methods using heat derived from underground coal gasification (UCG) processes. The survey is part of a Department of Energy-sponsored program to develop new applications for UCG technology in utilizing coal resources that are unattractive for mining. Results from the survey indicate tar sand deposits, heavy oil fields, or light oil fields are probably or possibly located within 5 miles of suitable coal in 17 states (Table 1). Especially promising areas are in the Uinta Basin of Utah; the North Slope of Alaska; the San Miguel deposit in southwest Texas; the Illinois-Eastern Interior Basin area of western Kentucky, southwestern Indiana and Illinois; the tri-state area of Missouri, Kansas and Oklahoma; and the northern Appalachian Basin in eastern Ohio and northwestern Pennsylvania. The deposits in these areas warrant further evaluation. 30 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Trudell, L.G.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Radiological survey and evaluation of the fallout area from the Trinity test: Chupadera Mesa and White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current radiological conditions were evaluated for the site of the first nuclear weapons test, the Trinity test, and the associated fallout zone. The test, located on White Sands Missile Range, was conducted as part of the research with nuclear materials for the World War II Manhattan Engineer District atomic bomb project. Some residual radioactivity attributable to the test was found in the soils of Ground Zero on White Sands Missile Range and the areas that received fallout from the test. The study considered relevant information including historical records, environmental data extending back to the 1940s, and new data acquired by field sampling and measurements. Potential exposures to radiation were evaluated for current land uses. Maximum estimated doses on Chupadera Mesa and other uncontrolled areas are less than 3% of the DOE Radiation Protection Standards (RPSs). Radiation exposures during visits to the US Army-controlled Ground Zero area are less than 1 mrem per annual visit or less than 0.2% of the RPS for a member of the public. Detailed data and interpretations are provided in appendixes. 14 figs., 45 tabs.

Hansen, W.R.; Rodgers, J.C.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Gas hydrate identified in sand-rich inferred sedimentary section using downhole logging and seismic data in Shenhu area, South China Sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Downhole wireline log (DWL) data was acquired from eight drill sites during China's first gas hydrate drilling expedition (GMGS-1) in 2007. Initial analyses of the acquired well log data suggested that there were no significant gas hydrate occurrences at Site SH4. However, the re-examination of the DWL data from Site SH4 indicated that there are two intervals of high resistivity, which could be indicative of gas hydrate. One interval of high resistivity at depth of 171–175 m below seafloor (mbsf) is associated with a high compressional- wave (P-wave) velocities and low gamma ray log values, which suggests the presence of gas hydrate in a potentially sand-rich (low clay content) sedimentary section. The second high resistivity interval at depth of 175–180 mbsf is associated with low P-wave velocities and low gamma values, which suggests the presence of free gas in a potentially sand-rich (low clay content) sedimentary section. Because the occurrence of free gas is much shallower than the expected from the regional depth of the bottom simulating reflector (BSR), the free gas could be from the dissociation of gas hydrate during drilling or there may be a local anomaly in the depth to the base of the gas hydrate stability zone. In order to determine whether the low P-wave velocity with high resistivity is caused by in-situ free gas or dissociated free gas from the gas hydrate, the surface seismic data were also used in this analysis. The log analysis incorporating the surface seismic data through the construction of synthetic seismograms using various models indicated the presence of free gas directly in contact with an overlying gas hydrate-bearing section. The occurrence of the anomalous base of gas hydrate stability at Site SH4 could be caused by a local heat flow conditions. This paper documents the first observation of gas hydrate in what is believed to be a sand-rich sediment in Shenhu area of the South China Sea.

Xiujuan Wang; Myung Lee; Timthy Collett; Shengxiong Yang; Yiqun Guo; Shiguo Wu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Development through High-Resolution 3C3D Seismic and Horizontal Drilling: Eva South Marrow Sand Unit, Texas County, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Eva South Morrow Sand Unit is located in western Texas County, Oklahoma. The field produces from an upper Morrow sandstone, termed the Eva sandstone, deposited in a transgressive valley-fill sequence. The field is defined as a combination structural stratigraphic trap; the reservoir lies in a convex up -dip bend in the valley and is truncated on the west side by the Teepee Creek fault. Although the field has been a successful waterflood since 1993, reservoir heterogeneity and compartmentalization has impeded overall sweep efficiency. A 4.25 square mile high-resolution, three component three-dimensional (3C3D) seismic survey was acquired in order to improve reservoir characterization and pinpoint the optimal location of a new horizontal producing well, the ESU 13-H.

Wheeler,David M.; Miller, William A.; Wilson, Travis C.

2002-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

404

Numerical Modeling of Hydrate Formation in Sand Sediment Simulating Sub-Seabed CO2 Storage in the form of Gas Hydrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Among several methods for CO2 capture and storage, we focus on CO2 sequestration in the form of gas hydrate under the seafloor, mainly for many sequestration sites offshore Japan and for little risk of CO2 leakage from the sediment. However, it is difficult to evaluate the precise storage potential and cost of this method due to the lack of the relevant information. Here, in order to do feasibility studies of this technique so as to make an effective storage method, we made a 3-dimentional gas water flow simulator with kinetic hydrate formation. The new design of CO2 hydrate formation in porous media under two-phase flow condition was implemented in this simulator, and unknown parameters in necessary mathematical models for gas-water flow in sand sediments were verified from the comparison between the results of the numerical simulations and the experimental measurements from the previous study.

Takuya Nakashima; Toru Sato; Masayuki Inui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A nuclear DNA based phylogeny of endemic sand dune ants of the genus Mycetophylax (Emery, 1913): How morphology is reflected in molecular data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Molecular methods have substantially advanced our knowledge about ant systematics in the past few years. Here, we infer the molecular phylogeny of sand dune ants of the genus Mycetophylax, Emery 1913 (Formicidae: Myrmicinae: Attini) using 730 base pairs of DNA sequences of the two nuclear genes longwave rhodopsin and wingless. Our analyses indicate that Mycetophylax is monophyletic, as suggested by its morphological characters. M. morschi, previously considered a species of Cyphomyrmex due to a scrobe-like impressed area on the head, forms a well-supported cluster with the two other species of Mycetophylax, M. conformis and M. simplex. Our analysis yields the first comprehensive phylogeny of Mycetophylax based on molecular data and includes specimens from localities within a wide distributional range as well as all species belonging to the genus following the recent taxonomic revision.

Danon Clemes Cardoso; Maykon Passos Cristiano; Jürgen Heinze; Mara Garcia Tavares

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Removal of organic compounds and trace metals from oil sands process-affected water using zero valent iron enhanced by petroleum coke  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The oil production generates large volumes of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW), referring to the water that has been in contact with oil sands or released from tailings deposits. There are concerns about the environmental impacts of the release of OSPW because of its toxicity. Zero valent iron alone (ZVI) and in combination with petroleum coke (CZVI) were investigated as environmentally friendly treatment processes for the removal of naphthenic acids (NAs), acid-extractable fraction (AEF), fluorophore organic compounds, and trace metals from OSPW. While the application of 25 g/L ZVI to OSPW resulted in 58.4% removal of \\{NAs\\} in the presence of oxygen, the addition of 25 g petroleum coke (PC) as an electron conductor enhanced the \\{NAs\\} removal up to 90.9%. The increase in ZVI concentration enhanced the removals of NAs, AEF, and fluorophore compounds from OSPW. It was suggested that the electrons generated from the oxidation of ZVI were transferred to oxygen, resulting in the production of hydroxyl radicals and oxidation of NAs. When OSPW was de-oxygenated, the \\{NAs\\} removal decreased to 17.5% and 65.4% during treatment with ZVI and CZVI, respectively. The removal of metals in ZVI samples was similar to that obtained during CZVI treatment. Although an increase in ZVI concentration did not enhance the removal of metals, their concentrations effectively decreased at all ZVI loadings. The Microtox® bioassay with Vibrio fischeri showed a decrease in the toxicity of ZVI- and CZVI-treated OSPW. The results obtained in this study showed that the application of ZVI in combination with PC is a promising technology for OSPW treatment.

Parastoo Pourrezaei; Alla Alpatova; Kambiz Khosravi; Przemys?aw Drzewicz; Yuan Chen; Pamela Chelme-Ayala; Mohamed Gamal El-Din

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Major heavy oil deposits are present in Lower Cretaceous strata of west-central Saskatchewan. The Winter Heavy Oil Pool (approximately 566 044 mmbl) consists of bitumen-rich sands from the AptianAlbian Dina and Cummings members of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-central Saskatchewan. The Winter Heavy Oil Pool (approximately 566 044 mmbl) consists of bitumen-rich sands from dans les strates du Crétacé inférieur du centre-ouest de la Saskatchewan. Le gisement de pétrole lourd of the Winter Pool, west-central Saskatchewan DUSTIN B. BAUER University of Calgary Department of Geoscience

408

Wastewater Renovation in Buried and Recirculating Sand Filters A.J. Gold,* B.E. Lamb,G.W.Loomis, J.R. Boyd, V.J. Cabelli, and C.G. McKiel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wastewater Renovation in Buried and Recirculating Sand Filters A.J. Gold,* B.E. Lamb,G.W.Loomis, JF phagewereassociatedwithlowereffluent pHfor bothsandfilters. ON-SITEDISPOSALof household wastewater is a potential threat to public conditions mayimpede wastewater treatment (Kristiansen, 1981a; Pell and Nyberg, 1989a) or where

Gold, Art

409

DEMOCRACY OVER A BARREL: OIL, REGIME CHANGE AND WAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wars and where the security of oil supplies could once beoil. Once thriving and self-supporting villages have been made completely unlivable, security

Karl, Terry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Computational design of water-soluble ?-helical barrels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ibarra A. A. Bartlett G. J. Thomson A. R. Sessions R. B. Brady R. L. Woolfson D. N. , CCBuilder: An interactive Web-based tool for building, designing and assessing coiled-coil protein assemblies . Bioinformatics 10.1093/bioinformatics...

Andrew R. Thomson; Christopher W. Wood; Antony J. Burton; Gail J. Bartlett; Richard B. Sessions; R. Leo Brady; Derek N. Woolfson

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

411

Biomass 2011: Replace the Whole Barrel, Supply the Whole Market  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

More than 600 speakers, moderators, sponsors, exhibitors, and attendees were able to listen to discussions about the ongoing challenges and achievements in the bioenergy industry. Biomass 2011 addressed key issues in important areas, such as feedstock supply, conversion pathways, algal biofuels, investment risk and innovation, regulation and policy, and the international perspective.

412

Energy Resources—Cornucopia or Empty Barrel?: Reply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hydrocarbon (coal, oil, or natural...drilling and mining costs related...extensive thick coal accumulations...thin coals of Appalachia, for example...drilling and mining costs related...extensive thick coal accumulations...thin coals of Appalachia, for exam-ple...

Peter J. McCabe

413

Energy Resources—Cornucopia or Empty Barrel?: Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...production curves of coal. No matter which hydrocarbon (coal, oil, or natural...costs (drilling and mining costs related to depth...the extensive thick coal accumulations of Alaska...relatively thin coals of Appalachia, for exam-ple...

C. J. Campbell

414

Computational design of water-soluble ?-helical barrels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...PDB ID 4pn8); SLKEIA (CC-Hex2, green, PDB ID 4pn9); and ALKEIA (CC-Hept...packing of the a Leu (red) and d Ile (green) residues and variation of...Crisp J. Sessions R. B. , Benchmarking energy efficiency, power costs and carbon emissions...

Andrew R. Thomson; Christopher W. Wood; Antony J. Burton; Gail J. Bartlett; Richard B. Sessions; R. Leo Brady; Derek N. Woolfson

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

415

Extrusion of electrode material by liquid injection into extruder barrel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrode sheet product is formed using an extruder having a feed throat and a downstream section by separately mixing an active electrode material and a solid polymer electrolyte composition that contains lithium salt. The active electrode material is fed into the feed throat of the extruder, while a portion of at least one fluid component of the solid polymer electrolyte composition is introduced to the downstream section. The active electrode material and the solid polymer electrolyte composition are compounded in a downstream end of the extruder. The extruded sheets, adhered to current collectors, can be formed into battery cells. 1 fig.

Keller, D.G.; Giovannoni, R.T.; MacFadden, K.O.

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

416

ATLAS Electromagnetic Barrel Calorimeter Performance in Recent Testbeams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by ATLAS TDAQ software. Electrons, pions, muons protons and photons with energies ranging between 1 to 350 electrical calibration results and then to GeV using comparison with data and simulation. Corrections for Ar) with different energies (1 GeV to 350 GeV). The aim was to study the combined performance of the different

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

417

Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses (BARREL) Science Objectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

precipitation and loss of radiation belt particles." Both practical NASA priorities (safety of astronauts and equipment in the radiation belts) and scientific ones (SSSC priorities in plasma physics and particle and analysis software, and data archiving and dissemination will be at the University of California, Santa Cruz

418

SUT JUNE 1999 GWYN GRIFFITHS $10 a Barrel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Profilers t Gliders t Self propelled vehicles q Negatively buoyant q Neutral or positively buoyant t Largest Technologies include t Physical construction q Space frame vs monocoque Ă? t Control Architecture q Central Efficiency & reliability t Energy supply q High specific & volumetric densities at low cost t Docking

Griffiths, Gwyn

419

DEMOCRACY OVER A BARREL: OIL, REGIME CHANGE AND WAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and A. Suramanian 2004. “Saving Iraq from Its Oil,” Foreignthe costs of the war in Iraq, I would be more than remissfor democratization. Iraq and the Devil’s Excrement “Oil is

Karl, Terry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Gravity of world crude barrel to rise by 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on the loss of crude exports from Iraq and Kuwait in 1990-91 and their gradual reentry into oil markets which will have a profound effect on world crude quality. Accordingly, the proportion of heavy crude in world markets will decline the next 5 years.

Not Available

1991-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Loading the syringe: Pull syringe barrel clamp out,1.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Prime soft key is available only after Syringe Type and Medication selection (prior to infusion mode selection). At Infusion Mode screen, press2. OPTIONS, then press PRIME SET WITH SYRINGE. Press and hold3 and size. Select correct medication and concentration.10. At Infusion Mode screen, press11. OPTIONS

Oliver, Douglas L.

422

Research investigations in oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, and advanced fuels research: Volume 1 -- Base program. Final report, October 1986--September 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerous studies have been conducted in five principal areas: oil shale, tar sand, underground coal gasification, advanced process technology, and advanced fuels research. In subsequent years, underground coal gasification was broadened to be coal research, under which several research activities were conducted that related to coal processing. The most significant change occurred in 1989 when the agreement was redefined as a Base Program and a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP). Investigations were conducted under the Base Program to determine the physical and chemical properties of materials suitable for conversion to liquid and gaseous fuels, to test and evaluate processes and innovative concepts for such conversions, to monitor and determine environmental impacts related to development of commercial-sized operations, and to evaluate methods for mitigation of potential environmental impacts. This report is divided into two volumes: Volume 1 consists of 28 summaries that describe the principal research efforts conducted under the Base Program in five topic areas. Volume 2 describes tasks performed within the JSRP. Research conducted under this agreement has resulted in technology transfer of a variety of energy-related research information. A listing of related publications and presentations is given at the end of each research topic summary. More specific and detailed information is provided in the topical reports referenced in the related publications listings.

Smith, V.E.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Effect of silica sand size on the formation kinetics of CO2 hydrate in porous media in the presence of pure water and seawater relevant for CO2 sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Understanding the kinetics of carbon dioxide (CO2) hydrate formation in pure water, seawater and porous media aids in developing technologies for CO2 gas storage, carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) and potentially for methane production from methane hydrates. The present work is focused on understanding the kinetics of CO2 hydrate formation in pure water and seawater at an initial formation pressure of 6 MPa (providing a driving force of about 4.0 MPa) and a formation temperature of 276.15 K with 75% water saturation in three silica sand particle sizes (0.16 mm, 0.46 mm and 0.92 mm). The seawater (3.3 wt% salinity) used in the present study is obtained from sea coast of Chennai (India). It is observed that the gas consumption of CO2 in hydrate is more for smaller silica sand particle and decreases as the size of the sand increases. The total gas consumed at the end of the seawater experiment is found to be less than the gas consumed at the end of the pure water experiment. This is due to the fact that salts in seawater act as a thermodynamic inhibitor resulting in lower gas consumption of CO2 in hydrate. The average rate of hydrate formation observed is optimum in 0.46 mm particles and is observed to be higher as compared to 0.16 and 0.92 mm particles over 10 h experimental time. This indicates that 0.46 mm silica sand provides an optimum environment for efficient hydrate formation. The study can be useful to understand the suitability of potential sandstone reservoir for CO2 sequestration in the form of hydrate in the presence of saline formation water.

Prathyusha Mekala; Marc Busch; Deepjyoti Mech; Rachit S. Patel; Jitendra S. Sangwai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Thou hast need of me: the role of Marshal Jean Lannes in the War of the Fourth Coalition, 1806-1807  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with my aide-de-camp. Later that same day, Lannes received two dispatches from GHQ which informed him of the progress of the other French columns. In the one from Napoleon, Lannes received a sharp censure: "I have no news at all. I am angry that you... wrote to Lannes, stating that the Emperor approved the disposition which the Marshal had taken but urged him to press forward 13 Augereau's arrival before attacking Saalfeld. When this dispatch reached Lannes, the V Corps had been on the march...

Matovsky, Charlton John

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Techno-economic assessment of hydrogen production from underground coal gasification (UCG) in Western Canada with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) for upgrading bitumen from oil sands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper examines the techno-economic viability of hydrogen production from underground coal gasification (UCG) in Western Canada, for the servicing of the oil sands bitumen upgrading industry. Hydrogen production for bitumen upgrading is predominantly achieved via steam methane reforming (SMR); which involves significant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions along with considerable feedstock (natural gas) cost volatility. UCG is a formidable candidate for cost-competitive environmentally sustainable hydrogen production; given its negligible feedstock cost, the enormity of deep coal reserves in Western Canada and the favourable CO2 sequestration characteristics of potential UCG sites in the Western Canadian sedimentary basin (WCSB). Techno-economic models were developed for UCG and SMR with and without CCS, to estimate the cost of hydrogen production including delivery to a bitumen upgrader. In this paper, at base case conditions, a 5% internal rate of return (IRR) differential between UCG and SMR was considered so as to account for the increased investment risk associated with UCG. The cost of UCG hydrogen production without CCS is estimated to be $1.78/kg of H2. With CCS, this increases to range of $2.11–$2.70/kg of H2, depending on the distance of the site for CO2 sequestration from the UCG plant. The SMR hydrogen production cost without CCS is estimated to be $1.73/kg of H2. In similar fashion to UCG, this rises to a range of $2.14 to $2.41/kg of H2 with the consideration of CCS. Lastly, for hydrogen production without CCS, UCG has a superior cost competitiveness in comparison to SMR for an IRR differential less than 4.6%. This competitive threshold rises to 5.4% for hydrogen production with CCS.

Babatunde Olateju; Amit Kumar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

SAND2006-4506 P  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

506P 506P Unlimited Release Printed September 2006 Calendar Year 2005 Annual Site Environmental Report for Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico Katrina Wagner, Susan Koss, Stephanie Salinas and Teresa Goering Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's

427

SAND2006-6448 P  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Printed September 2006 Calendar Year 2005 Annual Site Environmental Report for Tonopah Test Range, Nevada and Kauai Test Facility, Hawaii Katrina Wagner, Susan Koss, Stephanie...

428

Laboratory compaction of cohesionless sands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

size analysis and compaction testing. The sample preparation procedure followed that specified by ASTM (1998), Designation D 421-85. Sieve Analysis The grain size distribution of the soil samples was determined using a sieve anlaysis. The sieve... analysis procedure followed that specified by ASTM (1998), Designation D 422-90. The results of the sieve analysis were analyzed graphically on a semilogarithmic plot 18 by graphing the percent passing a given sieve versus the grain diameter. The scale...

Delphia, John Girard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

429

SANDIA REPORT SAND2007-XXXX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Performance Computing (HPCWPL) Final Report Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico. #12;Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy

Gropp, Bill

430

SAND 2004-0281P  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

developed to accurately model the physical and mechanical properties of hydrogen atoms (green) positioned interstitially within a metallic lattice (red). This potential should...

431

SAND2012-8323P  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FUEL-ASSEMBLY SHAKER TEST PLAN Tests for Determining Loads on Used Nuclear Fuel under Normal Conditions of Transport Prepared for US Department of Energy UFD Campaign Paul...

432

SAND2011-5480C  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Proceedings of GLOBAL 2011 Makuhari, Japan, Dec. 11-16, 2011 Paper No. 358834 Establishment of Research and Development Priorities Regarding the Geologic Disposal of Nuclear Waste...

433

SAND2011-0883C  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of GLOBAL 2011 Nagoya, Japan, Sep 4-9, 2011 Developing the Technical Basis for Long Term Storage and Subsequent Transportation of Used Nuclear Fuel Ken Sorenson 1 , Brady Hanson 2...

434

Slump and debris-flow dominated upper slope facies in the Cretaceous of the Norwegian and northern North Seas (61-67{degrees}N): Implications for sand distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A regional sedimentological study of Cretaceous sequences in the Mid-Norway region (Norwegian Sea) and in the Agat region (Agat field area, northern North Sea) reveals that these sequences were predominantly deposited in an upper continental slope environment by slumps and debris flows. Examination of nearly 500 m of core from 14 wells shows eight distinct lithofacies: facies 1 (contorted conglomerate and pebbly sandstone) represents deposits of sandy slumps and debris flows, possibly in a channel setting; facies 2 (contorted sandstone) is the most widespread and is the product of sandy slumps and debris flows; facies 3 (contorted mudstone) indicates deposition from muddy slumps and debris flow; facies 4 (rippled sandstone) suggests bottom-current reworking; facies 5 (graded sandstone) represents turbidity-current deposits and is very rare; facies 6 (laminated mudstone) is a product of pelagic or hemipelagic deposition; facies 7 (cross-bedded sandstone) is indicative of tidal processes, and facies 8 (laminated sandstone) represents delta-front and shelf deposits. These facies and their association suggest a shelf-edge delta to upper slope environment of deposition. Existing core data document deltaic facies only in the Mid-Norway region. The proposed shelf-edge delta and upper slope model has important implications for sand distribution. (1) This model provides and alternative to the conventional submarine-fan model previously applied to these sequences. (2) Although slump and debris-flow emplaced sands are usually discontinuous and unpredictable, highly amalgamated slump and debris-flow sands may develop thick reservoirs. (3) By using the Eocene Frigg Formation as an analog, it is predicted that externally mounded seismic facies in the study area may be composed of sandy slumps and debris flows.

Shanmugam, G. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States); Lehtonen, L.R. [Mobil Exploration and Producing U.S.Inc., New Orleans, LA (United States); Straume, T.; Syvertsen, S.E.; Hodgkinson, R.J.; Skibeli, M. [Mobil Exploration Norway Inc., Stavanger (Norway)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Induction log responses to layered, dipping, and anisotropic formations: Induction log shoulder-bed corrections to anisotropic formations and the effect of shale anisotropy in thinly laminated sand/shale sequences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Induction log responses to layered, dipping, and anisotropic formations are examined analytically. The analytical model is especially helpful in understanding induction log responses to thinly laminated binary formations, such as sand/shale sequences, that exhibit macroscopically anisotropic: resistivity. Two applications of the analytical model are discussed. In one application we examine special induction log shoulder-bed corrections for use when thin anisotropic beds are encountered. It is known that thinly laminated sand/shale sequences act as macroscopically anisotropic: formations. Hydrocarbon-bearing formations also act as macroscopically anisotropic formations when they consist of alternating layers of different grain-size distributions. When such formations are thick, induction logs accurately read the macroscopic conductivity, from which the hydrocarbon saturation in the formations can be computed. When the laminated formations are not thick, proper shoulder-bed corrections (or thin-bed corrections) should be applied to obtain the true macroscopic formation conductivity and to estimate the hydrocarbon saturation more accurately. The analytical model is used to calculate the thin-bed effect and to evaluate the shoulder-bed corrections. We will show that the formation resistivity and hence the hydrocarbon saturation are greatly overestimated when the anisotropy effect is not accounted for and conventional shoulder-bed corrections are applied to the log responses from such laminated formations.

Hagiwara, Teruhiko

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

· Texas and Louisiana (including Federal offshore production) continued to account for the majority of natural gas produced in the United States with 5 States accounting for nearly 80 percent of mar- keted production. The remaining 20 percent of production flows from 27 States. · The national average natural gas wellhead price was $4.02 per thousand cubic feet in 2001, which was 7 percent higher than in 2000. In 2001, Cali- fornia had the highest price in the Lower 48 States at $6.93 per thousand cubic feet, while Nebraska had the lowest average wellhead price at $2.16 per thou- sand cubic feet. · After adjustment for inflation, prices in 2001 were the highest since 1984 when they reached $4.07 per thousand cubic feet in 2001 dollars. The highest wellhead price occurred in 1983 when it was $4.11 per thousand cubic feet. 3 ______________________ 3 Prices were converted to constant dollars

437

OPEC Prices Make Heavy Oil Look Profitable  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...barrels of heavy oil, a lighter...defined as any oil heavier than...flows into production lines at a profitable rate. Oil from the sands...strip-mine operations linked by...upgrading" equipment, in the industry...Ath-abaska field. Construction...summer. Its cost was $2...894 nerve gas ("Weteye...

ELIOT MARSHALL

1979-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

438

NETL: News Release - DOE-Funded Research Opens Way to 218 Billion Barrels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

10, 2007 10, 2007 DOE Releases 2007 Carbon Sequestration Technology Roadmap, Marks Tenth Year of Carbon Sequestration Program WASHINGTON, DC - The 2007 Carbon Sequestration Technology Roadmap and Program Plan was released today by the U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Sequestration Program. The roadmap contains details about technology development in carbon capture and storage, an overview of major accomplishments from the program's first 10 years, and the plan that will guide the program in 2007 and beyond. MORE INFO Link to the 2007 Carbon Sequestration Roadmap The Carbon Sequestration Program is a true government success story. Since its start as a small-scale research effort 10 years ago, the program has grown into a multi-faceted research, development, and deployment initiative

439

U.S. crude oil production expected to top 9 million barrels per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

oil prices should be strong enough to support most drilling in North Dakota's Bakken shale formation and in the tight oil basins of Texas which account for the majority of the...

440

U.S. monthly oil production tops 8 million barrels per day for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Several companies plan to build U.S. terminals to export liquefied natural gas, or LNG, to Europe and Asia. EIA's revised forecast reflects one of those LNG export terminals...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Shooting Fish in a Barrel: A Demonstration of the Refraction of Light  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This is not a treatise on optics or the index of refraction. It is merely a demonstration that will surprise and engage many of your students. We have all put a pencil in a beaker of water and observed how it appears to bend. 1 Not so much fun or engaging is it? Why not illustrate this optical effect by taking your students spearfishing? Simulated spearfishing to avoid the financial and legal ramifications.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Radiation Hardness Tests of SiPMs for the JLab Hall D Barrel Calorimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the measurement of the neutron radiation hardness of silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) manufactured by Hamamatsu Corporation in Japan and SensL in Ireland. Samples from both companies were irradiated by neutrons created by a 1 GeV electron beam hitting a thin lead target at Jefferson Lab Hall A. More tests regarding the temperature dependence of the neutron radiation damage and self-annealing were performed on Hamamatsu SiPMs using a calibrated Am-Be neutron source from the Jefferson Lab Radiation Control group. As the result of irradiation both dark current and dark rate increase linearly as a function of the 1 MeV equivalent neutron fluence and a temperature dependent self-annealing effect is observed.

Yi Qiang; Carl Zorn; Fernando Barbosa; Elton Smith

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

443

Radiation Hardness Tests of SiPMs for the JLab Hall D Barrel Calorimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the measurement of the neutron radiation hardness of silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) manufactured by Hamamatsu Corporation in Japan and SensL in Ireland. Samples from both companies were irradiated by neutrons created by a 1 GeV electron beam hitting a thin lead target at Jefferson Lab Hall A. More tests regarding the temperature dependence of the neutron radiation damage and self-annealing were performed on Hamamatsu SiPMs using a calibrated Am-Be neutron source from the Jefferson Lab Radiation Control group. As the results of all irradiation, both dark current and dark noise increase linearly as a function of the 1 MeV equivalent neutron fluence and a temperature dependent self-annealing effect is observed together with the radiation damage.

Qiang, Yi; Barbosa, Fernando; Smith, Elton

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

U.S. monthly oil production tops 8 million barrels per day for...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

inventories at the close of the heating season since 2003. Very cold weather this winter led to large natural gas stock withdrawals to meet demand for both heating and electricity...

445

U.S. monthly oil production tops 8 million barrels per day for...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Oil demand expected to rise in non-industrialized countries, led by strong growth in China Nonindustrialized countries are expected to account for all of the growth in global...

446

About the Bioenergy Technologies Office: Growing America's Energy Future by Replacing the Whole Barrel of Oil  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy's Bioenergy Technologies Office is focused on forming cost-share partnerships with key stakeholders to develop, demonstrate, and deploy technologies for advanced...

447

Replacing the Whole BarrelTo Reduce U.S. Dependence on Oil  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

strategy. We've got to develop every source of American energy-not just oil and gas, but wind power and solar power, nuclear power, biofuels. President Obama Mount Holly,...

448

Energy Conservation and Cogeneration in Bottom-of-the-Barrel Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Also many of today's crudes are heavier and contain more sulfur and metals than crudes available five or ten years ago and, therefore, are available at a lower cost than lighter crudes. Most of these heavier crudes require either the addition...

Fleming, J. B.; Chang, C. P.; Pierce, V. E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

U.S. monthly oil production tops 8 million barrels per day for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2014 hurricane season could lead to offshore oil, gas production shut-ins The government's weather experts are predicting a relatively mild hurricane season, but U.S. oil and...

450

U.S. monthly oil production tops 8 million barrels per day for...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Midwest households expected to see a 33% drop in propane heating bills this winter Midwest households that paid record-high prices for propane last winter to stay warm are expected...

451

Performance studies of the ATLAS transition radiation tracker barrel using SR1 cosmics data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is designed to measure Nature at the energy scale often associated with electroweak symmetry breaking. When it comes online in 2008, the LHC and ATLAS will work to discover, among other things, the Higgs boson and any other signatures for physics beyond the Standard Model. As part of the ATLAS Inner Detector, the Transition Radiation Tracker will be an important part of ATLAS’s ability to make precise measurements of particle properties. This paper summarizes work done to study and categorize the performance of the TRT, using a combination of cosmic ray test data from the SR1 facility and Monte Carlo. In general, it was found that the TRT is working well, with module-level eciencies around 90 % and module-level noise just above 2 %. Reasonably good agreement was observed with Monte Carlo, though there are some apparently pathological dierences between the two that deserve further attention.

Wall, R

452

U.S. monthly oil production tops 8 million barrels per day for...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

coal and less natural gas will be used to generate electricity this summer compared to last year, while combined power generated by wind, sun, and other renewables will also grow...

453

U.S. monthly oil production tops 8 million barrels per day for...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, says that households using propane and heating oil will see the biggest savings....with propane expenditures down 27% this winter compared...

454

U.S. monthly oil production tops 8 million barrels per day for...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

total just over 3.5 trillion cubic feet by November 1 st . Record U.S. natural gas production this year has contributed to the record build in natural gas inventories since...

455

The effects of inlet velocity and barrel diameter on cyclone performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the Code of Federal Regulations _______________ This thesis follows the style and format of the Transactions of the ASAE. 2 (Cooper and Alley, 2002). In order to uphold air pollution regulations, SAPRAs issue... by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the Code of Federal Regulations _______________ This thesis follows the style and format of the Transactions of the ASAE. 2 (Cooper and Alley, 2002). In order to uphold air pollution regulations, SAPRAs issue...

Faulkner, William Brock

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

456

Three-Dimensionality in Quasi-Two Dimensional Flows: the Barrel Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scenario is put forward for the appearance of three-dimensionality both in quasi-2D rotating flows and quasi-2D magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flows. We distinguish two forms of threedimensionalities, establish how both are ignited by the presence of walls, and how they relate to each other. One form involves velocities or currents along the rotation direction or the magnetic field, while the other leads to quadratic variations of these quantities along this direction. It is shown that the common tendency of these flows to two-dimensionality and the mechanisms of the first form of three-dimensionality can be explained through a single formal analogy between rotating flows, MHD flows and a wider class of flows, whereas the second form involves a distinct mechanism. Because of this trans-disciplinary character, these phenomena are active in such diverse flows as those in atmospheres, oceans and the cooling blankets of nuclear fusion reactors.

Pothérat, Alban

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

THERMAL PROCESSING OF OIL SHALE/SANDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)-based simulation tools to a modified in-situ process for production of oil from oil shale. The simulation tools

Michal Hradisky; Philip J. Smith; Doe Award; No. De-fe

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

SANDIA REPORT SAND93-1076  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

cycles persecond Km kilometer, one thousand meters LAN local areanetwork LED light-emitting diode Mbps megabps, one million bits per second MHz megahertz, one million cycles per...

459

Great Sand Dunes National Monument and Preserve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Herbarium lacked a voucher specimen. 1 #12;II. Objectives · Compile and review existing botanical data (GRSA) staff, particularly Fred Bunch and Phyllis Pineda Bovin, beginning in fall 2001, to plan staff. We used standard floristic survey methods, following methods employed by Colorado botanists

460

SAND80-0984 Unlimited Release  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1980 Albuquerque, New Mexico Sidney F. Johnston, Jr., Editor ABSTRACT The objective of the Vertical in economical, industry-produced, and commercially marketable wind energy systems. The purpose of the VAWT Coordinator expresses his appreciation to Dr. Maurice Katz, Director of the Office of Solar Power Applica

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

SANDIA REPORT SAND2014-16800  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Deep-water Floating Offshore Vertical Axis Wind Turbines: An Initial Study Matthew Fowler, Diana Bull Options for Deep- water Floating Offshore Vertical Axis Wind Turbines: An Initial Study Matthew Fowler created by Sandia National Laboratories to compare floating platform options for each turbine

462

Direct numerical simulations of aeolian sand ripples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...where the shear velocity up is defined by...the average fluid velocity field by a Prandtl-like...around a given x from mass conservation: Z x...the grain upward velocity and the sum is over...to three different wind shear velocities...image, showing the map of the grain volume...

Orencio Durán; Philippe Claudin; Bruno Andreotti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

SANDIA REPORT SAND2014-17474  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Release Printed September 2014 Investigation of Wave Energy Converter Effects on the Nearshore Environment Converter Effects on the Nearshore Environment: A Month-Long Study in Monterey Bay, CA Grace Chang, Jason.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Approved

464

SANDIA REPORT SAND2014-0867  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model (CLM), which is often used in climate simulations and Earth system models. A statistical inverse

Ray, Jaideep

465

SAND2000-1256 Unlimited Release  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

models for continuous releases such as those from smokestacks (elevated releases) or pipeline leaks (ground-level releases) are inappropriate for use in transportation risk...

466

SANDIA REPORT SAND2004-6391  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94-AL85000. Approved by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account

Kolda, Tamara G.

467

SANDIA REPORT SAND2011-1877  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE

Kolda, Tamara G.

468

SANDIA REPORT SAND2003-8550  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under, and Virginia Torczon Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation

Kolda, Tamara G.

469

SANDIA REPORT SAND2009-0857  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94-AL85000. Approved by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account

Kolda, Tamara G.

470

SANDIA REPORT SAND2008-6109  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94-AL85000. Approved by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account

Kolda, Tamara G.

471

SANDIA REPORT SAND2006-6286  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security, Samuel R. Subia, Jonathan W. Wittwer Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico. #12;Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy

472

SANDIA REPORT SAND2013-0963  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia National Laboratories;Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia

Ray, Jaideep

473

SANDIA REPORT SAND2014-16610  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE

Lehoucq, Rich

474

SANDIA REPORT SAND2006-2161  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94-AL85000. Approved by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account

Kolda, Tamara G.

475

SANDIA REPORT SAND2006-5315  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security. Kolda, R. M. Lewis, and V. Torczon Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico. #12;Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy

Lewis, Robert Michael

476

SANDIA REPORT SAND2007-0905  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04 Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report

Bochev, Pavel

477

SANDIA REPORT SAND2006-4621  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Michael Lewis Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation

Kolda, Tamara G.

478

SANDIA REPORT SAND2011-6633  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE

Ray, Jaideep

479

SANDIA REPORT SAND2005-6864  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94-AL85000. Approved National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account

Kolda, Tamara G.

480

SANDIA REPORT SAND2011-6776  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Approved Lefantzi, Karen Cheng, and David Crary Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account

Ray, Jaideep

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thou sand barrels" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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481

SANDIA REPORT SAND2011-4130  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Approved Chan Sophia Lefantzi Joseph Ruthruff Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared

482

SANDIA REPORT SAND2006-2079  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94-AL85000. Approved by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account

Kolda, Tamara G.

483

SANDIA REPORT SAND2007-1423  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Approved National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account

Shashkov, Mikhail

484

SANDIA REPORT SAND2006-5000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration, Center for Computing Sciences Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185;Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia

O'Leary, Dianne P.

485

SANDIA REPORT SAND2006-2081  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia. #12;Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy

Kolda, Tamara G.

486

SANDIA REPORT SAND2008-5844  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94-AL85000. Approved by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account

Kolda, Tamara G.

487

SANDIA REPORT SAND2004-6574  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04 University) Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report

Wilcox, Lucas C.

488

SANDIA REPORT SAND2007-6702  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia. #12;Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy

Kolda, Tamara G.

489

SANDIA REPORT SAND2007-6422  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration Decomposition R. Bro, E. Acar, T. Kolda Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE: This report was prepared as an account of work

Kolda, Tamara G.

490

SANDIA REPORT SAND2011-3119  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE

491

SANDIA REPORT SAND2011-6811  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE

Ray, Jaideep

492

SANDIA REPORT SAND2011-8757  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia Corporation. NOTICE

Ray, Jaideep

493

SANDIA REPORT SAND2010-3023J  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration Hemker, and Matthew D. Parno Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185;Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy by Sandia

Stryk, Oskar von

494

SANDIA REPORT SAND2006-7568  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia. #12;Issued by Sandia National Laboratories, operated for the United States Department of Energy

Ray, Jaideep

495

OBSERVATIONS ON THE SAND DOLLAR, Mellita quinquiesperforata  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

tested for resistance to Lugol's solution. The three screen sizes separated orga- nisms into the following size groups. The. No. I screen collects insects, fish fry, ...

1999-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

496

SAND_ModelFormUQ.dvi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Approved for public release; further...

497

SANDIA REPORT SAND2014-2864  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Laboratory Bikini Atoll Road, MS F600 Los Alamos, NM 87545 Abstract Sandia's Dakota software

498

Flow tests of the Gladys McCall well. Appendix A, Gladys McCall Site (Cameron Parish, LA): Final report, October 1985--October 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report pulls together the data from all of the geopressured-geothermal field research conducted at the Gladys McCall well. The well produced geopressured brine containing dissolved natural gas from the Lower Miocene sands at a depth of 15,150 to 16,650 feet. More than 25 million barrels of brine and 727 million standard cubic feet of natural gas were produced in a series of flow tests between December 1982 and October 1987 at various brine flow rates up to 28,000 barrels per day. Initial short-term flow tests for the Number 9 Sand found the permeability to be 67 to 85 md (millidarcies) for a brine volume of 85 to 170 million barrels. Initial short-term flow tests for the Number 8 Sand found a permeability of 113 to 132 md for a reservoir volume of 430 to 550 million barrels of brine. The long-term flow and buildup test of the Number 8 Sand found that the high-permeability reservoir connected to the wellbore (measured by the short-term flow test) was connected to a much larger, low-permeability reservoir. Numerical simulation of the flow and buildup tests required this large connected reservoir to have a volume of about 8 billion barrels (two cubic miles of reservoir rock) with effective permeabilities in the range of 0.2 to 20 md. Calcium carbonate scale formation in the well tubing and separator equipment was a problem. During the first 2 years of production, scale formation was prevented in the surface equipment by injection of an inhibitor upstream of the choke. Starting in 1985, scale formation in the production tubing was successfully prevented by injecting inhibitor ``pills`` directly into the reservoir. Corrosion and/or erosion of surface piping and equipment, as well as disposal well tubing, was also significant.

Randolph, P.L.; Hayden, C.G.; Rogers, L.A. [Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

The Time of Sands: Quartz-rich Sand Deposits as a Renewable Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metallurgical: Silicon carbide Flux for metal smeltingagent for various metals. Silicon carbide, an important

Shaffer, Nelson R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

The Time of Sands: Quartz-rich Sand Deposits as a Renewable Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sludge filtering Hydraulic fracturing 16 to 100 3/32 to 3˝Petroleum industry: Hydraulic fracturing Well packing and

Shaffer, Nelson R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z