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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Design of a Shadowband Spectral Radiometer for the Retrieval of Thin Cloud Optical Depth, Liquid Water Path, and the Effective Radius  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design and operation of a Thin-Cloud Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (TCRSR) described here was used to measure the radiative intensity of the solar aureole and enable the simultaneous retrieval of cloud optical depth, drop effective radius, ...

M. J. Bartholomew; R. M. Reynolds; A. M. Vogelmann; Q. Min; R. Edwards; S. Smith

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Thin Cloud Length Scales Using CALIPSO and CloudSat Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin clouds are the most difficult cloud type to observe. The recent availability of joint cloud products from the active remote sensing instruments aboard CloudSat and the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite (CALIPSO) facilitates the study of these clouds. Using one of these joint cloud products, 2B-GEOPROF-Lidar, and a post-processing algorithm designed to find horizontally continuous thin clouds within the cloud product, the locations, length scales, and vertical distributions by length of thin clouds are determined. It is found that thin clouds vary in length from a few km to over 2900 km and tend to be longer in the tropical upper troposphere than lower in the atmosphere and at higher latitudes. In the upper troposphere between 0° and 40°N, over 20% of all thin cloud measurements in the 2B-GEOPROF-Lidar product are contributed by thin clouds that are longer than 500 km. In fact, in this latitude range, over 65% of all thin cloud measurements are contributed by clouds longer than 100 km. Also, thin cloud length and frequency differ between the four seasons in the year of data used here.

Solbrig, Jeremy E.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Radiation Properties and Emissivity Parameterization of High Level Thin Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To parameterize emissivity of clouds at 11 ?m, a study has been made in an effort to understand the radiation field of thin clouds. The contributions to the intensity and flux from different sources and through different physical processes are ...

Man-Li C. Wu

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Combined System for Observations of Tropospheric and Stratospheric Thin Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A balloonborne sonde and a polarization lidar have been developed to make combined observations of thin tropospheric and stratospheric clouds. In their first application these instruments have been used in a campaign organized to study Antarctic ...

A. Adriani; G. P. Gobbi; M. Viterbini; S. Ugazio

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Solar differential rotation and properties of magnetic clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most geoeffective solar drivers are magnetic clouds - a subclass of coronal mass ejections (CME's) distinguished by the smooth rotation of the magnetic field inside the structure. The portion of CME's that are magnetic clouds is maximum at sunspot minimum and mimimum at sunspot maximum. This portion is determined by the amount of helicity carried away by CME's which in turn depends on the amount of helicity transferred from the solar interior to the surface, and on the surface differential rotation. The latter can increase or reduce, or even reverse the twist of emerging magnetic flux tubes, thus increasing or reducing the helicity in the corona, or leading to the violation of the hemispheric helicity rule, respectively. We investigate the CME's associated with the major geomagnetic storms in the last solar cycle whose solar sources have been identified, and find that in 10 out of 12 cases of violation of the hemispheric helicity rule or of highly geoeffective CME's with no magnetic field rotation, they originate from regions with "anti-solar" type of surface differential rotation.

K. Georgieva; B. Kirov; E. Gavruseva; J. Javaraiah

2005-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

6

Solar differential rotation and properties of magnetic clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most geoeffective solar drivers are magnetic clouds - a subclass of coronal mass ejections (CME's) distinguished by the smooth rotation of the magnetic field inside the structure. The portion of CME's that are magnetic clouds is maximum at sunspot minimum and mimimum at sunspot maximum. This portion is determined by the amount of helicity carried away by CME's which in turn depends on the amount of helicity transferred from the solar interior to the surface, and on the surface differential rotation. The latter can increase or reduce, or even reverse the twist of emerging magnetic flux tubes, thus increasing or reducing the helicity in the corona, or leading to the violation of the hemispheric helicity rule, respectively. We investigate the CME's associated with the major geomagnetic storms in the last solar cycle whose solar sources have been identified, and find that in 10 out of 12 cases of violation of the hemispheric helicity rule or of highly geoeffective CME's with no magnetic field rotation, they o...

Georgieva, K; Gavruseva, E; Javaraiah, J

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Posters Parameterization of Thin Mid-Level Stratiform Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Posters Parameterization of Thin Mid-Level Stratiform Clouds S. K. Krueger Department of Meteorology University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah Thin mid-level stratiform ("altocumulus") clouds have received little attention from either modelers or observational programs, yet these clouds cover large portions of the earth and significantly affect the radiation fields. Since altocumulus are vertically sub-grid scale in general circulation models (GCMs), they have either been neglected or represented implicitly through a "fractional cloudiness" scheme. Such schemes are not suitable for climate modeling because they lack theoretical foundations that indicate their limits of applicability. The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) program offers an

8

Design of a Shadowband Spectral Radiometer for the Retrieval of Thin Cloud Optical Depth, Liquid Water Path, and the Effective Radius  

SciTech Connect

The design and operation of a Thin-Cloud Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (TCRSR) described here was used to measure the radiative intensity of the solar aureole and enable the simultaneous retrieval of cloud optical depth, drop effective radius, and liquid water path. The instrument consists of photodiode sensors positioned beneath two narrow metal bands that occult the sun by moving alternately from horizon to horizon. Measurements from the narrowband 415-nm channel were used to demonstrate a retrieval of the cloud properties of interest. With the proven operation of the relatively inexpensive TCRSR instrument, its usefulness for retrieving aerosol properties under cloud-free skies and for ship-based observations is discussed.

Bartholomew M. J.; Reynolds, R. M.; Vogelmann, A. M.; Min, Q.; Edwards, R.; Smith, S.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Analysis of Rotating Multicylinder Data in Measuring Cloud-Droplet Size and Liquid Water Content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An objective method is presented for the analysis of rotating multicylinder data in measuring the liquid water content and median volume droplet diameter of icing clouds. The method is based on time-dependent numerical modeling of cylinder icing ...

Lasse Makkonen

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Cloud Signals from Lidar and Rotating Beam Ceilometer Compared with Pilot Ceiling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud signals from a vertically pointing, range-corrected ruby lidar and a rotating beam ceilometer showed excellent agreement in the height at which peak signal occurred. However, pilot reports of ceiling were at significantly lower altitude ...

W. L. Eberhard

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Detecting and Evaluating the Effect of Overlaying Thin Cirrus Cloud on MODIS Retrieved Water-Cloud Droplet Effective Radius  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detecting and Evaluating the Effect Detecting and Evaluating the Effect of Overlaying Thin Cirrus Cloud on MODIS Retrieved Water-Cloud Droplet Effective Radius F.-L Chang and Z. Li Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Z. Li Department of Meteorology University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Introduction Cirrus clouds can largely modify the solar reflected and terrestrial emitted radiances. The ubiquitous presence of cirrus clouds has a global coverage of about 20% to30% and more than 70% in the tropics (Wylie et al. 1994). The probability of cirrus clouds overlaying a low-level boundary layer cloud system is greater than 50% (Hahn et al. 1982, 1984; Tian and Curry 1989; Mace et al. 1997). They are often optically thin and semitransparent and frequently reside in high altitude overlapping with a low-level

12

Molecular cloud evolution. I. Molecular cloud and thin CNM sheet formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the scenario of molecular cloud formation by large-scale supersonic compressions in the diffuse warm neutral medium (WNM). An analytical model and high-resolution 1D simulations predict that when the inflow Mach number Mr~1, a thin cold layer forms within the shocked gas. After ~1 Myr of evolution, the layer has column density ~2.5x 0^19 cm^-2, thickness ~0.03 pc, temperature ~25 K and pressure ~6650 K cm^-3. In the simulations, the sheets have line profiles with a central line of width ~0.5 km/s and broad wings of width ~1 km/s, which correspond to the inflowing speed of the gas, and do not imply excessively short lifetimes for the sheets. These sheets are reminiscent of those recently observed by Heiles and coworkers. 3D numerical simulations show that at later times the cold layer becomes dynamically unstable, through a nonlinear thin shell-like instability occurring at the boundary of the thin shell. Fully developed turbulence arises on times ranging from ~5 Myr for Mr=2.4 to ~100 Myr for Mr=1....

Vázquez-Semadeni, E; Passot, T; González, R F; Gazol, A; Vazquez-Semadeni, Enrique; Ryu, Dongsu; Passot, Thierry; Gonzalez, Ricardo F.; Gazol, Adriana

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Thin Liquid Water Clouds: Their Importance and Our Challenge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many of the clouds important to the Earth's energy balance, from the Tropics to the Arctic, contain small amounts of liquid water. Longwave and shortwave radiative fluxes are very sensitive to small perturbations of the cloud liquid water path (...

D. D. Turner; A. M. Vogelmann; K. Johnson; M. Miller; R. T. Austin; J. C. Barnard; C. Flynn; C. Long; S. A. McFarlane; K. Cady-Pereira; S. A. Clough; J. C. Chiu; M. M. Khaiyer; J. Liljegren; B. Lin; P. Minnis; A. Marshak; S. Y. Matrosov; Q. Min; W. O'Hirok; Z. Wang; W. Wiscombe

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Improved Detection of Optically Thin Cirrus Clouds in Nighttime Multispectral Meteorological Satellite Imagery Using Total Integrated Water Vapor Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accurate identification of optically thin cirrus clouds in global meteorological satellite imagery by automated cloud analysis algorithms is critical to environmental remote sensing studies, such as those related to climate change. While ...

Keith D. Hutchison; Kenneth R. Hardy; Bo-Cai Gao

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Radiative Importance of ÂŤThinÂŽ Liquid Water Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Program Accomplishments of the Cloud Properties Working Group (CPWG) August 2006 Cloud Radiative Forcing at the ARM Climate Research Facility: Using ARM Data to Establish Testable Metrics for GCM Predictions of Cloud Feedback Gerald Mace University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah The scientific underpinning of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is largely based on the premise that long term ground-based measurements of certain quantities provide information sufficient to test the skill of general circulation models (GCMs) to predict radiative heating and cloud feedbacks (Stokes and Schwartz, 1994; Ackerman and Stokes, 2003). This hypothesis is based on the assumption that some set of long-term ground-based measurements provide sufficient information to characterize the physical state of the atmospheric

16

Retrieving Properties of Thin Clouds from Solar Aureole Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a newly designed Sun and Aureole Measurement (SAM) aureolegraph and the first results obtained with this instrument. SAM measurements of solar aureoles produced by cirrus and cumulus clouds were taken at the Atmospheric ...

J. G. DeVore; A. T. Stair; A. LePage; D. Rall; J. Atkinson; D. Villanucci; S. A. Rappaport; P. C. Joss; R. A. McClatchey

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

An Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Value-Added Product to Retrieve Optically Thin Cloud Visible Optical Depth using Micropulse Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the Micropulse Lidar (MPL) Cloud Optical Depth (MPLCOD) Value-Added Product (VAP) is to retrieve the visible (short-wave) cloud optical depth for optically thin clouds using MPL. The advantage of using the MPL to derive optical depth is that lidar is able to detect optically thin cloud layers that may not be detected by millimeter cloud radar or radiometric techniques. The disadvantage of using lidar to derive optical depth is that the lidar signal becomes attenuation limited when ? approaches 3 (this value can vary depending on instrument specifications). As a result, the lidar will not detect optically thin clouds if an optically thick cloud obstructs the lidar beam.

Lo, C; Comstock, JM; Flynn, C

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

A co-rotational 8-node degenerated thin-walled element with assumed natural strain and enhanced assumed strain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, solid-shell elements with the absence of the rotational degrees of freedom have considerable attentions in analyzing thin structures. In this paper, the non-linear formulation of a co-rotational 8-node degenerated thin-walled element ... Keywords: 8-Node solid element, Assumed natural strains, Co-rotational method, Enhanced assumed strains, Geometrical nonlinearity

Pramin Norachan; Songsak Suthasupradit; Ki-Du Kim

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

MAGNETIC FIELD STRUCTURE OF THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD FROM FARADAY ROTATION MEASURES OF DIFFUSE POLARIZED EMISSION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a study of the magnetic field of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), carried out using diffuse polarized synchrotron emission data at 1.4 GHz acquired at the Parkes Radio Telescope and the Australia Telescope Compact Array. The observed diffuse polarized emission is likely to originate above the LMC disk on the near side of the galaxy. Consistent negative rotation measures (RMs) derived from the diffuse emission indicate that the line-of-sight magnetic field in the LMC's near-side halo is directed coherently away from us. In combination with RMs of extragalactic sources that lie behind the galaxy, we show that the LMC's large-scale magnetic field is likely to be of quadrupolar geometry, consistent with the prediction of dynamo theory. On smaller scales, we identify two brightly polarized filaments southeast of the LMC, associated with neutral hydrogen arms. The filaments' magnetic field potentially aligns with the direction toward the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). We suggest that tidal interactions between the SMC and the LMC in the past 10{sup 9} years are likely to have shaped the magnetic field in these filaments.

Mao, S. A. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box O, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); McClure-Griffiths, N. M.; McConnell, D. [Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Gaensler, B. M. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Haverkorn, M. [Department of Astrophysics, Radboud University, P.O. Box 9010, 6500-GL Nijmegen (Netherlands); Beck, R. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Wolleben, M. [Square Kilometre Array South Africa, The Park, Pinelands 7405 (South Africa); Stanimirovic, S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Dickey, J. M. [Physics Department, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001 (Australia); Staveley-Smith, L., E-mail: mao@astro.wisc.edu [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR), The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Application of AVHRR/3 Imagery for the Improved Detection of Thin Cirrus Clouds and Specification of Cloud-Top Phase  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multisensor, data fusion technique has been developed that merges the spectral signatures of ice and water clouds in Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) imagery with cloud-top pressure analyses derived from the High-Resolution ...

Keith D. Hutchison

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heated by the sun, produces rising columns of air in which the moisture condenses into tall fleecy white clouds At night, when the sky is clear, the earth cools to give those...

22

Cancellation of Aerosol Indirect Effects in Marine Stratocumulus through Cloud Thinning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applying perturbation theory within a mixed layer framework, the response of the marine boundary layer (MBL) cloud thickness h to imposed increases of the cloud droplet concentration Nd as a surrogate for increases in cloud condensation nuclei (...

Robert Wood

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Use of Rotating Pinholes and Reticles for Calibration of Cloud Droplet Instrumentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calibration devices for the Forward Scattering Spectrometer Probe (FSSP) and the Optical Array Probe (OAP) were developed. The device used with the FSSP is a rotating pinhole calibrator. It utilizes light diffracted by a pinhole of a diameter to ...

Edward A. Hovenac; E. Dan Hirleman

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Evaluation of MM5 Optically Thin Clouds over Europe in Fall Using ICESat Lidar Spaceborne Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The description of clouds in mesoscale models has progressed significantly during recent years by improving microphysical schemes with more physical parameterizations deduced from observations. Recently, the first lidar in space, the Ice, Cloud, ...

H. Chepfer; M. Chiriaco; R. Vautard; J. Spinhirne

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Thermodynamic phase profiles of optically thin midlatitude clouds and their relation to temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameterizations of cloud phase in general circulation models. However, other aircraft campaigns and different in the Arctic. The relationship between ice phase occurrence and temperature only slightly changes between cloud interest, as they occur in a temperature range where cloud phase can either be liquid, ice, or mixed

26

The Remote Sensing of Thin Cirrus Cloud Using Satellites, Lidar and Radiative Transfer Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of retrieving cirrus cloud optical depth from radiance measurements made by instruments aboard operational meteorological satellites is addressed. A method is proposed that exploits the relationship between observed differences in the ...

Robert S. Stone; Graeme L. Stephens; C. M. R. Platt; S. Banks

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Investigation of Thin Cirrus Cloud Optical and Microphysical Properties on the Basis of Satellite Observations and Fast Radiative Transfer Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation focuses on the global investigation of optically thin cirrus cloud optical thickness (tau) and microphysical properties, such as, effective particle size (D_(eff)) and ice crystal habits (shapes), based on the global satellite observations and fast radiative transfer models (RTMs). In the first part, we develop two computationally efficient RTMs simulating satellite observations under cloudy-sky conditions in the visible/shortwave infrared (VIS/SWIR) and thermal inferred (IR) spectral regions, respectively. To mitigate the computational burden associated with absorption, thermal emission and multiple scattering, we generate pre-computed lookup tables (LUTs) using two rigorous models, i.e., the line-by-line radiative transfer model (LBLRTM) and the discrete ordinates radiative transfer model (DISORT). The second part introduces two methods (i.e., VIS/SWIR- and IR-based methods) to retrieve tau and D_(eff) from satellite observations in corresponding spectral regions of the two RTMs. We discuss the advantages and weakness of the two methods by estimating the impacts from different error sources on the retrievals through sensitivity studies. Finally, we develop a new method to infer the scattering phase functions of optically thin cirrus clouds in a water vapor absorption channel (1.38-µm). We estimate the ice crystal habits and surface structures by comparing the inferred scattering phase functions and numerically simulated phase functions calculated using idealized habits.

Wang, Chenxi

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Clouds in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds within the inner regions of tropical cyclones are unlike those anywhere else in the atmosphere. Convective clouds contributing to cyclogenesis have rotational and deep intense updrafts but tend to have relatively weak downdrafts. Within ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Clouds in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds within the inner regions of tropical cyclones are unlike those anywhere else in the atmosphere. Convective clouds contributing to cyclogenesis have rotational and deep intense updrafts but tend to have relatively weak downdrafts. Within the ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

A New Ultrafast Thermometer for Airborne Measurements in Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new aircraft device for measuring temperature in clouds is described. Its sensor is a resistance thermometer made of platinum-coated tungsten wire 5 mm long and 2.5 ?m in diameter. The sensor is located on a rotatable vane behind a thin rod ...

Krzysztof E. Haman; Andrzej Makulski; Szymon P. Malinowski; Reinhold Busen

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

An Analytic Scaling Law for the Depositional Growth of Snow in Thin Mixed-Phase Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In various practical problems, such as assessing the threat of aircraft icing or calculating radiative transfer, it is important to know whether mixed-phase clouds contain significant liquid water content. Some mixed-phase clouds remain ...

Vincent E. Larson; Adam J. Smith

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Development and Testing of a Life Cycle Model and a Parameterization of Thin Mid-level Stratiform Clouds  

SciTech Connect

We used a cloud-resolving model (a detailed computer model of cloud systems) to evaluate and improve the representation of clouds in global atmospheric models used for numerical weather prediction and climate modeling. We also used observations of the atmospheric state, including clouds, made at DOE's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Climate Research Facility located in the Southern Great Plains (Kansas and Oklahoma) during Intensive Observation Periods to evaluate our detailed computer model as well as a single-column version of a global atmospheric model used for numerical weather prediction (the Global Forecast System of the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction). This so-called Single-Column Modeling approach has proved to be a very effective method for testing the representation of clouds in global atmospheric models. The method relies on detailed observations of the atmospheric state, including clouds, in an atmospheric column comparable in size to a grid column used in a global atmospheric model. The required observations are made by a combination of in situ and remote sensing instruments. One of the greatest problems facing mankind at the present is climate change. Part of the problem is our limited ability to predict the regional patterns of climate change. In order to increase this ability, uncertainties in climate models must be reduced. One of the greatest of these uncertainties is the representation of clouds and cloud processes. This project, and ARM taken as a whole, has helped to improve the representation of clouds in global atmospheric models.

Krueger, Steven K.

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

33

Relationship between Ice Water Path and Downward Longwave Radiation for Clouds Optically Thin in the Infrared: Observations and Model Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A vertically pointing 3.2-cm radar is used to observe altostratus and cirrus clouds as they pass overhead. Radar reflectivities are used in combination with an empirical Zi-IWC (ice water content) relationship developed by Sassen (1987) to ...

Taneil Uttal; Sergey Y. Matrosov; Jack B. Snider; Robert A. Kropfli

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Nighttime Multilayered Cloud Detection Using MODIS and ARM Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study reports on recent progress toward the discrimination between pixels containing multilayered clouds, specifically optically thin cirrus overlying lower-level water clouds, and those containing single-layered clouds in nighttime Moderate ...

Bryan A. Baum; Richard A. Frey; Gerald G. Mace; Monica K. Harkey; Ping Yang

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

IC cloud: Enabling compositional cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing has attracted great interest from both academic and industrial communities. Different paradigms, architectures and applications based on the concept of cloud have emerged. Although many of them have been quite successful, efforts are ... Keywords: Cloud computing, cloud elasticity, cloud service, compositional cloud, infrastructure as a service (IaaS)

Yi-Ke Guo; Li Guo

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Stratocumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews the current knowledge of the climatological, structural, and organizational aspects of stratocumulus clouds and the physical processes controlling them. More of Earth’s surface is covered by stratocumulus clouds than by any ...

Robert Wood

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Trirotron: triode rotating beam radio frequency amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High efficiency amplification of radio frequencies to very high power levels including: establishing a cylindrical cloud of electrons; establishing an electrical field surrounding and coaxial with the electron cloud to bias the electrons to remain in the cloud; establishing a rotating electrical field that surrounds and is coaxial with the steady field, the circular path of the rotating field being one wavelength long, whereby the peak of one phase of the rotating field is used to accelerate electrons in a beam through the bias field in synchronism with the peak of the rotating field so that there is a beam of electrons continuously extracted from the cloud and rotating with the peak; establishing a steady electrical field that surrounds and is coaxial with the rotating field for high-energy radial acceleration of the rotating beam of electrons; and resonating the rotating beam of electrons within a space surrounding the second field, the space being selected to have a phase velocity equal to that of the rotating field to thereby produce a high-power output at the frequency of the rotating field.

Lebacqz, Jean V. (Stanford, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Cloud Chmabers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Video - (Requires Windows Media Player) Build your own cloud chamber - Instructions Project Contact: Tom Jordan Web Maintainer: qnet-webmaster@fnal.gov Last Update: May 31, 2011...

39

Cirriform Rotor Cloud Observed on a Canadian Arctic Ice Cap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thin rotor cloud was observed on the lee side of Penny Ice Cap in the Canadian Arctic on 21 April 1996. The cloud consisted of thin cirriform layers, so that its motion was clearly observed. By means of time-lapse camera photography, the ...

Hisashi Ozawa; Kumiko Goto-Azuma; Koyuru Iwanami; Roy M. Koerner

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Cellular clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper progresses an analysis of what it means to be a cellular network operator and what form the ownership and control of future cellular networks may take. Alternative modes of ownership may allow for the creation of more flexible cellular networking ... Keywords: Cellular Cloud, Cellular network, Cloud Computing, Cognitive radio, DSA, LTE, MVNO, Services, Utility Cellular Network

Tim Forde; Linda Doyle

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Hupmobile cloud chamber parameters  

SciTech Connect

The accompanying table lists the presently selected parameters for the twelve cloud chambers. The chambers are numbered consecutively from 4 through 15 as they are lined up in the bunker. The lowest number is closest to the source. All except the first chamber have some thin metal filters to attenuate the flux and harden the spectrum. Cloud chambers 10, 12, and 14 are shielded by a collimator with about 200 pinholes in it. The flux in these chambers is attenuated by the ratio of the pinhole area to total beam area which is a factor of 50. Various gases and gas pressures are used to obtain suitable track lengths and interaction cross sections. Neon, argon, and krypton are used to obtain photo electrons. Hydrogen is used to obtain Compton electrons.

Hansen, N. E.

1967-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

42

The Mesoscale Dynamics of Thin Tropical Tropopause Cirrus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thin cirrus clouds in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) are warmed through the absorption of infrared radiation. The response of the cloud and the surrounding atmosphere to this thermal forcing is investigated through linear theory and ...

Dale R. Durran; Tra Dinh; Marie Ammerman; Thomas Ackerman

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Nighttime Cloud Detection Over the Arctic Using AVHRR Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Detection Over the Arctic Cloud Detection Over the Arctic Using AVHRR Data D. A. Spangenberg, D. R. Doelling, and V. Chakrapani Analytical Services & Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Hampton, Virginia T. Uttal National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, Colorado Introduction Clouds play an important role in the Arctic energy budget. The magnitude and significance of the radiative impact of polar clouds, however, are not well known. Polar nocturnal clouds are often warmer or at the same temperature as the background snow surface, complicating cloud detection. Also, these clouds tend to be thin, with lower emittances than clouds occurring during the summer. Using only the infrared (IR) channels of satellite data to characterize cloud amount and distribution in the Arctic is

44

Micropulse Lidar Cloud Mask Value-Added Product Technical Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lidar backscattered signal is a useful tool for identifying vertical cloud structure in the atmosphere in optically thin clouds. Cloud boundaries derived from lidar signals are a necessary input for popular ARM data products, such as the Active Remote Sensing of Clouds (ARSCL) product. An operational cloud boundary algorithm (Wang and Sassen 2001) has been implemented for use with the ARM Micropulse Lidar (MPL) systems. In addition to retrieving cloud boundaries above 500 m, the value-added product (VAP) named Micropulse Lidar Cloud Mask (MPLCMASK) applies lidar-specific corrections (i.e., range-square, background, deadtime, and overlap) as described in Campbell et al. (2002) to the measured backscattered lidar. Depolarization ratio is computed using the methodology developed by Flynn et al. (2007) for polarization-capable MPL systems. The cloud boundaries output from MPLCMASK will be the primary lidar cloud mask for input to the ARSCL product and will be applied to all MPL systems, including historical data sets.

Sivaraman, C; Comstock, J

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

45

Cloud computing beyond objects: seeding the cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is an emerging computing milieu which dynamically enables scalable and virtually unlimited resources. This panel will discuss emerging tools, skills and technologies that will ""seed the cloud"" - enabling improved interoperability, security, ... Keywords: cloud computing, skills, technologies, tools

Steven Fraser; Robert Biddle; Scott Jordan; Kate Keahey; Bob Marcus; E. Michael Maximilien; Dave Thomas

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Systematic Flights Obtain Long-Term Data Set of Cloud Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systematic Flights Obtain Long-Term Data Set of Cloud Properties Systematic Flights Obtain Long-Term Data Set of Cloud Properties Beginning in January 2009, the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is sponsoring the first-of-its-kind long-term airborne research campaign to obtain data from low-level clouds above its Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The five-month campaign is centered near Lamont, Oklahoma, a mid-latitude region that experiences a wide range of cloud types, including the "thin" clouds that are the focus of the campaign. Thin clouds contain so little water that the sun can be seen through them. Scientists refer to such clouds as "clouds with low-optical water depth," or CLOWD. Because these clouds are often tenuous and scattered, even some of the best

47

Baroclinic Instability of a Rotating Hadley Cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The stability of a thin fluid layer between two rotating plates which are subjected to a horizontal temperature gradient is studied. First, the solution for the stationary basic state is obtained in a closed form. This solution identifies Ekman ...

Basil N. Antar; William W. Fowlis

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Instrumentation and Technique for Deducing Cloud Optical Depth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of using a photodiode radiometer to infer optical depth of thin clouds from solar intensity measurements is examined. Data were collected by a photodiode radiometer which measured incident radiation at angular fields of view of 2, ...

R. A. Raschke; S. K. Cox

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Cloud Computing Operations Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper argues that the cloud computing industry faces many decision problems where operations research OR could add tremendous value. To this end, we provide an OR perspective on cloud computing in three ways. First, we compare the cloud computing ... Keywords: cloud IT, cloud computing, green IT, operations research, supply chain

Ilyas Iyoob, Emrah Zarifoglu, A. B. Dieker

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions Feingold, Graham NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory Frisch, Shelby NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory Min, Qilong State University of New York at Albany Category: Cloud Properties We will present an analysis of the effect of aerosol on clouds at the Southern Great Plains ARM site. New methods for retrieving cloud droplet effective radius with radar (MMCR), multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR), and microwave radiometer (MWR) will be discussed. Relationships based on adiabatic clouds will be used to constrain retrievals. We will investigate the use of a range of proxies for cloud condensation nuclei, ranging from surface measurements of light scattering and accumulation mode number concentration, to lidar-measured extinction or

51

Thin film superconductor magnetic bearings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconductor magnetic bearing includes a shaft (10) that is subject to a load (L) and rotatable around an axis of rotation, a magnet (12) mounted to the shaft, and a stator (14) in proximity to the shaft. The stator (14) has a superconductor thin film assembly (16) positioned to interact with the magnet (12) to produce a levitation force on the shaft (10) that supports the load (L). The thin film assembly (16) includes at least two superconductor thin films (18) and at least one substrate (20). Each thin film (18) is positioned on a substrate (20) and all the thin films are positioned such that an applied magnetic field from the magnet (12) passes through all the thin films. A similar bearing in which the thin film assembly (16) is mounted on the shaft (10) and the magnet (12) is part of the stator (14) also can be constructed.

Weinberger, Bernard R. (Avon, CT)

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

52

Nuclear rotations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of the gamma-ray spectra produced using the quantum mechanical rotational energy formula is presented for nuclei with large angular momentum. This analysis is suitable for quantum mechanics modern physics

G. F. Bertsch; R. V. F. Janssens

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Cloud Condensation Nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The state of knowledge of the particles upon which liquid droplets condense to form atmospheric water clouds is presented. The realization of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) as a distinct aerosol subset originated with the cloud microphysical ...

James G. Hudson

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Forecasting of Supercooled Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using parameterizations of cloud microphysics, a technique to forecast supercooled cloud events is suggested. This technique can be coupled on the mesoscale with a prognostic equation for cloud water to improve aircraft icing forecasts. The ...

André Tremblay; Anna Glazer; Wanda Szyrmer; George Isaac; Isztar Zawadzki

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Stratocumulus Cloud Field Reflected Fluxes: The Effect of Cloud Shape  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reflected fluxes are calculated for stratocumulus cloud fields as a function of sky cover, cloud aspect ratio, and cloud shape. Cloud liquid water volume is held invariant as cloud shape is varied so that the results can be utilized more ...

R. M. Welch; B. A. Wielicki

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Glossary Term - Cloud Chamber  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ceres Previous Term (Ceres) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Composition of the
Earth's Atmosphere Cloud Chamber A cloud chamber showing the...

57

ARM - Measurement - Cloud phase  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

property that captures the state o f the hydrometeors within a cloud (liquid, ice, or mixed-phase). This is distinct from cloud type that involves property descriptors...

58

Climatology and Formation of Tropical Midlevel Clouds at the Darwin ARM Site  

SciTech Connect

A 4-yr climatology of midlevel clouds is presented from vertically pointing cloud lidar and radar measurements at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) site at Darwin, Australia. Few studies exist of tropical midlevel clouds using a dataset of this length. Seventy percent of clouds with top heights between 4 and 8 km are less than 2 km thick. These thin layer clouds have a peak in cloud-top temperature around the melting level (0°C) and also a second peak around -12.5°C. The diurnal frequency of thin clouds is highest during the night and reaches a minimum around noon, consistent with variation caused by solar heating. Using a 1.5-yr subset of the observations, the authors found that thin clouds have a high probability of containing supercooled liquid water at low temperatures: ~20% of clouds at -30°C, ~50% of clouds at -20°C, and ~65% of clouds at -10°C contain supercooled liquid water. The authors hypothesize that thin midlevel clouds formed at the melting level are formed differently during active and break monsoon periods and test this over three monsoon seasons. A greater frequency of thin midlevel clouds are likely formed by increased condensation following the latent cooling of melting during active monsoon periods when stratiform precipitation is most frequent. This is supported by the high percentage (65%) of midlevel clouds with preceding stratiform precipitation and the high frequency of stable layers slightly warmer than 0°C. In the break monsoon, a distinct peak in the frequency of stable layers at 0°C matches the peak in thin midlevel cloudiness, consistent with detrainment from convection.

Riihimaki, Laura D.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Comstock, Jennifer M.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Subvisual-Thin Cirrus Lidar Dataset for Satellite Verification and Climatological Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A polarization (0.694-?m wavelength) lidar dataset for subvisual and thin (bluish-colored) cirrus clouds is drawn from Project FIRE (First ISCCP Regional Experiment) extended time observations. The clouds are characterized by their day–night ...

Kenneth Sassen; Byung Sung Cho

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Retrieval of Cloud Phase Using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Data during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Improving climate model predictions over Earth's polar regions requires a comprehensive knowledge of polar cloud microphysics. Over the Arctic, there is minimal contrast between the clouds and background snow surface, making it difficult to detect clouds and retrieve their phase from space. Snow and ice cover, temperature inversions, and the predominance of mixed-phase clouds make it even more difficult to determine cloud phase. Also, since determining cloud phase is the first step toward analyzing cloud optical depth, particle size, and water content, it is vital that the phase be correct in order to obtain accurate microphysical and bulk properties. Changes in these cloud properties will, in turn, affect the Arctic climate since clouds are expected to play a critical role in the sea ice albedo feedback. In this paper, the IR trispectral technique (IRTST) is used as a starting point for a WV and 11-{micro}m brightness temperature (T11) parameterization (WVT11P) of cloud phase using MODIS data. In addition to its ability to detect mixed-phase clouds, the WVT11P also has the capability to identify thin cirrus clouds overlying mixed or liquid phase clouds (multiphase ice). Results from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) MODIS phase model (AMPHM) are compared to the surface-based cloud phase retrievals over the ARM North Slope of Alaska (NSA) Barrow site and to in-situ data taken from University of North Dakota Citation (CIT) aircraft which flew during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (MPACE). It will be shown that the IRTST and WVT11P combined to form the AMPHM can achieve a relative high accuracy of phase discrimination compared to the surface-based retrievals. Since it only uses MODIS WV and IR channels, the AMPHM is robust in the sense that it can be applied to daytime, twilight, and nighttime scenes with no discontinuities in the output phase.

Spangenberg, D.; Minnis, P.; Shupe, M.; Uttal, T.; Poellot, M.

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Global Circuit Model with Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud data from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) database have been introduced into the global circuit model developed by Tinsley and Zhou. Using the cloud-top pressure data and cloud type information, the authors ...

Limin Zhou; Brian A. Tinsley

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop II. Purpose: On May 20, 2010, NIST hosted the first Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop. ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

63

Use of the ARM Measurement of Spectral Zenith Radiance For Better Understanding Of 3D Cloud-Radiation Processes and Aerosol-Cloud Interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our proposal focuses on cloud-radiation processes in a general 3D cloud situation, with particular emphasis on cloud optical depth and effective particle size. We also focus on zenith radiance measurements, both active and passive. The proposal has three main parts. Part One exploits the �¢����solar-background�¢��� mode of ARM lidars to allow them to retrieve cloud optical depth not just for thin clouds but for all clouds. This also enables the study of aerosol cloud interactions with a single instrument. Part Two exploits the large number of new wavelengths offered by ARM�¢����s zenith-pointing ShortWave Spectrometer (SWS), especially during CLASIC, to develop better retrievals not only of cloud optical depth but also of cloud particle size. We also propose to take advantage of the SWS�¢���� 1 Hz sampling to study the �¢����twilight zone�¢��� around clouds where strong aerosol-cloud interactions are taking place. Part Three involves continuing our cloud optical depth and cloud fraction retrieval research with ARM�¢����s 2NFOV instrument by, first, analyzing its data from the AMF-COPS/CLOWD deployment, and second, making our algorithms part of ARM�¢����s operational data processing.

D. Jui-Yuan Chiu

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

64

Phenomenological Description of Tropical Clouds Using CloudSat Cloud Classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two years of tropical oceanic cloud observations are analyzed using the operational CloudSat cloud classification product and Cloud–Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) lidar. Relationships are examined between ...

Ali Behrangi; Terry Kubar; Bjorn Lambrigtsen

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Computing and Partitioning Cloud Feedbacks Using Cloud Property Histograms. Part I: Cloud Radiative Kernels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study proposes a novel technique for computing cloud feedbacks using histograms of cloud fraction as a joint function of cloud-top pressure (CTP) and optical depth (?). These histograms were generated by the International Satellite Cloud ...

Mark D. Zelinka; Stephen A. Klein; Dennis L. Hartmann

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

ISCCP Cloud Algorithm Intercomparison  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) will provide a uniform global climatology of satellite-measured radiances and derive an experimental climatology of cloud radiative properties from these radiances. A pilot study to ...

W. B. Rossow; F. Mosher; E. Kinsella; A. Arking; M. Desbois; E. Harrison; P. Minnis; E. Ruprecht; G. Seze; C. Simmer; E. Smith

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Automated cloud resource orchestration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Realizing Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) cloud requires a control platform for orchestrating the provisioning, configuration, management and decommissioning of a distributed set of diverse cloud resources (i.e., compute, storage, network) serving ...

Changbin Liu / Boon Thau Loo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

ARM - Measurement - Cloud type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

type ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud type Cloud type such as...

69

Entrainment in Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Entrainment of dry air into cumulus clouds influences the development of the clouds in a major way. The many aspects of the entrainment process are examined in this paper by critically reviewing the literature from the time when investigations ...

Alan M. Blyth

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

North Australian Cloud Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A satellite classification and climatology of propagating mesoscale cloud fines in northern Australia is presented. These cloud fines range from long, narrow lines of shallow convection to extensive deep convective squall lines with mesoscale ...

W. Drosdowsky; G. J. Holland

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Wednesday, 27 June 2012 00:00 Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

72

Cloud Computing at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Computing Energy Efficient Computing Exascale Computing Performance & Monitoring Tools Petascale Initiative Science Gateway Development Storage and IO Technologies Testbeds...

73

Rope Cloud over Land  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite imagery is used to document several rope clouds over the southeastern Unites States. Surface and upper-air data are examined for one of the rope clouds and possible reasons for the development and maintenance of this type cloud line are ...

Von S. Woods

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

User Centric Community Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the evolution in cloud technologies, users are becoming acquainted with seamless service provision. Nevertheless, clouds are not a user centric technology, and users become completely dependent on service providers. We propose a novel concept for ... Keywords: Cloud infrastructure, Identity management, User-centric systems

Joăo Paulo Barraca; Alfredo Matos; Rui L. Aguiar

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

MASS TRANSFER TO ROTATING DISKS AND ROTATING RINGS IN LAMINAR, TRANSITION, AND FULLY DEVELOPED TURBULENT FLOW  

SciTech Connect

Experimental data and theoretical calculations are presented for the mass-transfer rate to rotating disks and rotating rings when laminar, transition, and fully developed turbulent flow exist upon different portions of the surface. Good agreement of data and the model is obtained for rotating disks and relatively thick rotating rings. Results of the calculations for thin rings generally exceed the experimental data measured in transition and turbulent flow. A y{sup +{sup 3}} form for the eddy diffusivity is used to fit the data. No improvement is noticed with a form involving both y{sup +{sup 3}} and y{sup +{sup 3}}.

Law Jr., C.G.; Pierini, P.; Newman, J.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Evaluation of tropical cloud and precipitation statistics of CAM3 using CloudSat and CALIPSO data  

SciTech Connect

The combined CloudSat and CALIPSO satellite observations provide the first simultaneous measurements of cloud and precipitation vertical structure, and are used to examine the representation of tropical clouds and precipitation in the Community Atmosphere Model Version 3 (CAM3). A simulator package utilizing a model-to-satellite approach facilitates comparison of model simulations to observations, and a revised clustering method is used to sort the subgrid-scale patterns of clouds and precipitation into principal cloud regimes. Results from weather forecasts performed with CAM3 suggest that the model underestimates the horizontal extent of low and mid-level clouds in subsidence regions, but overestimates that of high clouds in ascending regions. CAM3 strongly overestimates the frequency of occurrence of the deep convection with heavy precipitation regime, but underestimates the horizontal extent of clouds and precipitation at low and middle levels when this regime occurs. This suggests that the model overestimates convective precipitation and underestimates stratiform precipitation consistent with a previous study that used only precipitation observations. Tropical cloud regimes are also evaluated in a different version of the model, CAM3.5, which uses a highly entraining plume in the parameterization of deep convection. While the frequency of occurrence of the deep convection with heavy precipitation regime from CAM3.5 forecasts decreases, the incidence of the low clouds with precipitation and congestus regimes increases. As a result, the parameterization change does not reduce the frequency of precipitating convection that is far too high relative to observations. For both versions of CAM, clouds and precipitation are overly reflective at the frequency of the CloudSat radar and thin clouds that could be detected by the lidar only are underestimated.

Zhang, Y; Klein, S; Boyle, J; Mace, G G

2008-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

77

Turbulent molecular clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stars form within molecular clouds but our understanding of this fundamental process remains hampered by the complexity of the physics that drives their evolution. We review our observational and theoretical knowledge of molecular clouds trying to confront the two approaches wherever possible. After a broad presentation of the cold interstellar medium and molecular clouds, we emphasize the dynamical processes with special focus to turbulence and its impact on cloud evolution. We then review our knowledge of the velocity, density and magnetic fields. We end by openings towards new chemistry models and the links between molecular cloud structure and star--formation rates.

Hennebelle, Patrick

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The Effect of Clouds on Air Showers Observation from Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Issues relating to extensive air showers observation by a space-borne fluorescence detector and the effects of clouds on the observations are investigated using Monte Carlo simulation. The simulations assume the presence of clouds with varying altitudes and optical depths. Simulated events are reconstructed assuming a cloud-free atmosphere. While it is anticipated that auxiliary instruments, such as LIDAR (LIght Detection And Ranging), will be employed to measure the atmospheric conditions during actual observation, it is still possible that these instruments may fail to recognize the presence of a cloud in a particular shower observation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects on the reconstructed shower parameters in such cases. Reconstruction results are shown for both monocular and stereo detectors and for the two limiting cases of optically thin, and optically thick clouds.

T. Abu-Zayyad; C. C. H. Jui; E. C. Loh

2003-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

79

Molecular cloud regulated star formation in galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a numerical implementation of star formation in disk galaxies, in which the conversion of cooling gas to stars in the multiphase interstellar medium is governed by the rate at which molecular clouds are formed and destroyed. In the model, clouds form from thermally unstable ambient gas and get destroyed by feedback from massive stars and thermal conduction. Feedback in the ambient phase cycles gas into a hot galactic fountain or wind. We model the ambient gas hydrodynamically using smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH). However, we cannot resolve the Jeans mass in the cold and dense molecular gas and, therefore, represent the cloud phase with ballistic particles that coagulate when colliding. We show that this naturally produces a multiphase medium with cold clouds, a warm disk, hot supernova bubbles and a hot, tenuous halo. Our implementation of this model is based on the Gadget N-Body code. We illustrate the model by evolving an isolated Milky Way-like galaxy and study the properties of a disk formed in a rotating spherical collapse. Many observed properties of disk galaxies are reproduced well, including the molecular cloud mass spectrum, the molecular fraction as a function of radius, the Schmidt law, the stellar density profile and the appearance of a galactic fountain.

C. M. Booth; T. Theuns; T. Okamoto

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

80

A Comparison of Cirrus Cloud Visible Optical Depth Derived from Lidar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Comparison of Cirrus Cloud Visible Optical Depth Derived from Lidar Comparison of Cirrus Cloud Visible Optical Depth Derived from Lidar Lo, Chaomei Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Comstock, Jennifer Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Flynn, Connor Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Category: Cloud Properties Optically thin clouds (e.g. optical depth < 3) can have a significant impact on radiative heating in the atmosphere, particularly in the cold upper troposphere. Currently, there is no value-added product (VAP) in the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program archive that produces thin cloud optical depth, particularly at the Tropical Western Pacific and North Slope of Alaska sites. A VAP is under development to obtain the cirrus cloud visible optical depth from the MPLNOR (Micro Pulse Lidar Normalized

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Cloud displays for mobile users in a display cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The display cloud model allows users to select local and remote programmable displays, and add them to a user specific cloud display where the user can arrange them freely. On a cloud display, the abstraction representing remote graphical content is ... Keywords: cloud displays, display clouds, ubiquitous displays

Lars Tiede; John Markus Bjřrndalen; Otto J. Anshus

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Cloud Properties Working Group Low Clouds Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Properties Working Group Cloud Properties Working Group Low Clouds Update Low Clouds Update Jennifer Comstock Jennifer Comstock Dave Turner Dave Turner Andy Andy Vogelmann Vogelmann Instruments Instruments 90/150 GHz microwave radiometer 90/150 GHz microwave radiometer Deployed during COPS AMF Deployed during COPS AMF Exploring calibration w/ DPR ( Exploring calibration w/ DPR ( Crewell Crewell & & L L ö ö hnert hnert ) ) See COPS Breakout, Wednesday evening See COPS Breakout, Wednesday evening 183 GHz (GVR) deployed at the NSA 183 GHz (GVR) deployed at the NSA Neural network algorithm to retrieve PWV & LWP (Maria Neural network algorithm to retrieve PWV & LWP (Maria Cadeddu Cadeddu ) ) Potential VAP candidate (RPWG) Potential VAP candidate (RPWG)

83

Cloud Coverage Based on All-Sky Imaging and Its Impact on Surface Solar Irradiance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Lauder, Central Otago, New Zealand, two all-sky imaging systems have been in operation for more than 1 yr, measuring the total, opaque, and thin cloud fraction, as well as indicating whether the sun is obscured by clouds. The data provide a ...

G. Pfister; R. L. McKenzie; J. B. Liley; A. Thomas; B. W. Forgan; C. N. Long

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

BNL | Cloud Lifecycle Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Life Cycle Infrastructure Cloud Life Cycle Infrastructure An important component of any long-term atmospheric measurement program is the quality control and maintenance of the datastreams from instrument systems. Further, the raw measurements from atmospheric remote sensing instrumentation are not directly useable by the majority of the scientific community. These raw measurements must be interpreted and converted to geophysical quantities that can be more readily used by a greater number of scientists to address important questions regarding the Earth's climate system. The cloud life cycle infrastructure group at BNL is led by Dr. Michael Jensen and is responsible for the development and production of cloud-related value-added products (VAPs). The cloud life cycle infrastructure group also provides mentorships for the millimeter cloud

85

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

86

BNL | Cloud Lifecycle Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to be one of the major sources of uncertainty in numerical simulations of climate and weather. Improvement of the representation of clouds in numerical models requires fundamental...

87

Dispersion of Cloud Droplet Size Distributions, Cloud Parameterization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction Most studies of the effect of aerosols on cloud radiative properties have considered only changes in the cloud droplet...

88

Cloud Classification Before Luke Howard  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brief outline of the history of cloud painting prior to the first cloud classification schemes of Luke Howard and Lamarck is presented. It is shown that European painters had accurately represented most of the different cloud forms between ...

Stanely David Gedzelman

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Radar Reflectivity of Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationships between the radar reflectivity factor Z and significant physical cloud parameters are studied from a dataset collected with an instrumented aircraft in non- or very weakly precipitating warm clouds. The cloud droplet populations ...

Henri Sauvageot; Jilani Omar

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

BNL | Aerosol, Cloud, Precipitation Interactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Atmospheric aerosols exert important "indirect effects" on clouds and climate by serving as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and ice nuclei that affect cloud radiative and microphysical properties. For example, an increase in CCN increases the number concentration of droplets enhances cloud albedo, and suppresses precipitation that alters cloud coverage and lifetime. However, in the case of moist and strong convective clouds, increasing aerosols may increase precipitation and enhance storm development. Although aerosol-induced indirect effects on climate are believed to have a significant impact on global climate change, estimating their impact continues to be one of the most uncertain climate forcings.

91

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV. ... NIST announces the Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV to be held on November 2, 3 and 4, 2011. ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Cirrus Cloud Properties from a Cloud-Resolving Model Simulation Compared to Cloud Radar Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud radar data collected at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Southern Great Plains site were used to evaluate the properties of cirrus clouds that occurred in a cloud-resolving model (CRM) simulation of the 29-day summer ...

Yali Luo; Steven K. Krueger; Gerald G. Mace; Kuan-Man Xu

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

CONTRIBUTED Green Cloud Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

widely dis- cussed, the shift in energy usage in a cloud computing model has received little attention cloud computing services typically operate. We consider energy consumption models of the transport of energy per bit also allows the results to be easily scaled to any usage level. We consider both public

Tucker, Rod

94

Cryptographic cloud storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of building a secure cloud storage service on top of a public cloud infrastructure where the service provider is not completely trusted by the customer. We describe, at a high level, several architectures that combine recent and ...

Seny Kamara; Kristin Lauter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

ARM - Measurement - Cloud extinction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

extinction extinction ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud extinction The removal of radiant energy from an incident beam by the process of cloud absorption and/or scattering. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments NEPHELOMETER : Nephelometer Field Campaign Instruments CEP : Cloud Extinction Probe CLDAEROSMICRO : Cloud and Aerosol Microphysical Properties EC-CONVAIR580-BULK : Environment Canada Convair 580 Bulk Parameters

96

Small Cloud Particle Shapes in Mixed-Phase Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shapes of cloud particles with maximum dimensions Dmax between 35 and 60 ?m in mixed-phase clouds were studied using high-resolution particle images collected by a cloud particle imager (CPI) during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-...

Greg M. McFarquhar; Junshik Um; Robert Jackson

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Factors influencing the microphysics and radiative properties of liquid-dominated Arctic clouds: insight from observations of aerosol and clouds during ISDAC  

SciTech Connect

Aircraft measurements during the Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC) in April 2008 are used to investigate aerosol indirect effects in Arctic clouds. Two aerosol-cloud regimes are considered in this analysis: single-layer stratocumulus cloud with below-cloud aerosol concentrations (N{sub a}) below 300 cm{sup -3} on April 8 and April 26-27 (clean cases); and inhomogeneous layered cloud with N{sub a} > 500 cm{sup -3} below cloud base on April 19-20, concurrent with a biomass burning episode (polluted cases). Vertical profiles through cloud in each regime are used to determine average cloud microphysical and optical properties. Positive correlations between the cloud droplet effective radius (Re) and cloud optical depth ({tau}) are observed for both clean and polluted cases, which are characteristic of optically-thin, non-precipitating clouds. Average Re values for each case are {approx} 6.2 {mu}m, despite significantly higher droplet number concentrations (Nd) in the polluted cases. The apparent independence of Re and Nd simplifies the description of indirect effects, such that {tau} and the cloud albedo (A) can be described by relatively simple functions of the cloud liquid water path. Adiabatic cloud parcel model simulations show that the marked differences in Na between the regimes account largely for differences in droplet activation, but that the properties of precursor aerosol also play a role, particularly for polluted cases where competition for vapour amongst the more numerous particles limits activation to larger and/or more hygroscopic particles. The similarity of Re for clean and polluted cases is attributed to compensating droplet growth processes for different initial droplet size distributions.

Earle, Michael; Liu, Peter S.; Strapp, J. Walter; Zelenyuk, Alla; Imre, D.; McFarquhar, Greg; Shantz, Nicole C.; Leaitch, W. R.

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

98

Cloud Computing Forensic Science Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing Forensic Science Workshop. Purpose: The New Frontiers in IT and Measurement Science Rapid advances ...

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

99

A marketplace for cloud resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is an emerging paradigm aimed to offer users pay-per-use computing resources, while leaving the burden of managing the computing infrastructure to the cloud provider. We present a new programming and pricing model that gives the cloud ... Keywords: cloud computing, iaas, large-scale scheduling, pricing models, worst-case execution time

Thomas A. Henzinger; Anmol V. Singh; Vasu Singh; Thomas Wies; Damien Zufferey

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Differential Rotation and Cloud Texture: Analysis Using Generalized Scale Invariance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard picture of atmospheric dynamics is that of an isotropic two-dimensional large scale and an isotropic three-dimensional small scale, the two separated by a dimensional transition called the “mesoscale gap.” Evidence now suggests that, ...

K. Pflug; S. Lovejoy; D. Schertzer

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A High Resolution Hydrometer Phase Classifier Based on Analysis of Cloud Radar Doppler Spectra.  

SciTech Connect

The lifecycle and radiative properties of clouds are highly sensitive to the phase of their hydrometeors (i.e., liquid or ice). Knowledge of cloud phase is essential for specifying the optical properties of clouds, or else, large errors can be introduced in the calculation of the cloud radiative fluxes. Current parameterizations of cloud water partition in liquid and ice based on temperature are characterized by large uncertainty (Curry et al., 1996; Hobbs and Rangno, 1998; Intriery et al., 2002). This is particularly important in high geographical latitudes and temperature ranges where both liquid droplets and ice crystal phases can exist (mixed-phase cloud). The mixture of phases has a large effect on cloud radiative properties, and the parameterization of mixed-phase clouds has a large impact on climate simulations (e.g., Gregory and Morris, 1996). Furthermore, the presence of both ice and liquid affects the macroscopic properties of clouds, including their propensity to precipitate. Despite their importance, mixed-phase clouds are severely understudied compared to the arguably simpler single-phase clouds. In-situ measurements in mixed-phase clouds are hindered due to aircraft icing, difficulties distinguishing hydrometeor phase, and discrepancies in methods for deriving physical quantities (Wendisch et al. 1996, Lawson et al. 2001). Satellite-based retrievals of cloud phase in high latitudes are often hindered by the highly reflecting ice-covered ground and persistent temperature inversions. From the ground, the retrieval of mixed-phase cloud properties has been the subject of extensive research over the past 20 years using polarization lidars (e.g., Sassen et al. 1990), dual radar wavelengths (e.g., Gosset and Sauvageot 1992; Sekelsky and McIntosh, 1996), and recently radar Doppler spectra (Shupe et al. 2004). Millimeter-wavelength radars have substantially improved our ability to observe non-precipitating clouds (Kollias et al., 2007) due to their excellent sensitivity that enables the detection of thin cloud layers and their ability to penetrate several non-precipitating cloud layers. However, in mixed-phase clouds conditions, the observed Doppler moments are dominated by the highly reflecting ice crystals and thus can not be used to identify the cloud phase. This limits our ability to identify the spatial distribution of cloud phase and our ability to identify the conditions under which mixed-phase clouds form.

Luke,E.; Kollias, P.

2007-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

102

CDIAC Cloud Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Period of Record A Gridded Climatology of Clouds over Land (1971-1996) and Ocean (1954-2008) from Surface Observations Worldwide (CDIAC NDP-026E) C.J. Hahn and S.G. Warren...

103

3. New Cloud Climatology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Cloud Climatology New Cloud Climatology Computed for the summers (May-Au- gust) 2000 through 2004 (Berg and Kassianov 2008). Uses ARSCL VAP, Total Sky Imager, and radar wind profiler. * * Initial Evaluation of the Cumulus Potential Scheme at the ACRF SGP Site Larry Berg, William Gustafson, and Evgueni Kassianov Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 1. Motivation Shallow clouds are poorly predicted by current global and regional scale models. A new parameterization has been devel- oped that links the boundary-layer turbu- lence and the shallow clouds. 2. The CuP Parameterization The Cumulus Potential (CuP) param- eterization uses Probability Density Functions (PDFs) of temperature and moisture to represent the subgrid scale

104

ISCCP Cloud Data Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The operational data collection phase of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) began in July 1983. Since then, visible and infrared images from an international network of weather satellites have been routinely processed ...

William B. Rossow; Robert A. Schiffer

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Cloud Transmissivities for Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transmissivities are determined for different cloud types using nine years of hourly irradiance measurements under overcast skies at six Canadian stations. Values for individual stations and for pooled data using irradiances uncorrected for ...

J. A. Davies; M. Abdel-Wahab; J. E. Howard

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

FORMATION OF MASSIVE MOLECULAR CLOUD CORES BY CLOUD-CLOUD COLLISION  

SciTech Connect

Recent observations of molecular clouds around rich massive star clusters including NGC 3603, Westerlund 2, and M20 revealed that the formation of massive stars could be triggered by a cloud-cloud collision. By using three-dimensional, isothermal, magnetohydrodynamics simulations with the effect of self-gravity, we demonstrate that massive, gravitationally unstable, molecular cloud cores are formed behind the strong shock waves induced by cloud-cloud collision. We find that the massive molecular cloud cores have large effective Jeans mass owing to the enhancement of the magnetic field strength by shock compression and turbulence in the compressed layer. Our results predict that massive molecular cloud cores formed by the cloud-cloud collision are filamentary and threaded by magnetic fields perpendicular to the filament.

Inoue, Tsuyoshi [Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5258 (Japan); Fukui, Yasuo, E-mail: inouety@phys.aoyama.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

107

Marine Cloud Brightening  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea behind the marine cloud-brightening (MCB) geoengineering technique is that seeding marine stratocumulus clouds with copious quantities of roughly monodisperse sub-micrometre sea water particles might significantly enhance the cloud droplet number concentration, and thereby the cloud albedo and possibly longevity. This would produce a cooling, which general circulation model (GCM) computations suggest could - subject to satisfactory resolution of technical and scientific problems identified herein - have the capacity to balance global warming up to the carbon dioxide-doubling point. We describe herein an account of our recent research on a number of critical issues associated with MCB. This involves (i) GCM studies, which are our primary tools for evaluating globally the effectiveness of MCB, and assessing its climate impacts on rainfall amounts and distribution, and also polar sea-ice cover and thickness; (ii) high-resolution modelling of the effects of seeding on marine stratocumulus, which are required to understand the complex array of interacting processes involved in cloud brightening; (iii) microphysical modelling sensitivity studies, examining the influence of seeding amount, seedparticle salt-mass, air-mass characteristics, updraught speed and other parameters on cloud-albedo change; (iv) sea water spray-production techniques; (v) computational fluid dynamics studies of possible large-scale periodicities in Flettner rotors; and (vi) the planning of a three-stage limited-area field research experiment, with the primary objectives of technology testing and determining to what extent, if any, cloud albedo might be enhanced by seeding marine stratocumulus clouds on a spatial scale of around 100 km. We stress that there would be no justification for deployment of MCB unless it was clearly established that no significant adverse consequences would result. There would also need to be an international agreement firmly in favour of such action.

Latham, John; Bower, Keith; Choularton, Tom; Coe, H.; Connolly, P.; Cooper, Gary; Craft, Tim; Foster, Jack; Gadian, Alan; Galbraith, Lee; Iacovides, Hector; Johnston, David; Launder, Brian; Leslie, Brian; Meyer, John; Neukermans, Armand; Ormond, Bob; Parkes, Ben; Rasch, Philip J.; Rush, John; Salter, Stephen; Stevenson, Tom; Wang, Hailong; Wang, Qin; Wood, Robert

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

108

SEAL FOR ROTATING SHAFT  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seal is described for a rotatable shaft that must highly effective when the shaft is not rotating but may be less effective while the shaft is rotating. Weights distributed about a sealing disk secured to the shaft press the sealing disk against a tubular section into which the shiilt extends, and whem the shaft rotates, the centrifugal forces on the weights relieve the pressurc of the sealing disk against the tubular section. This action has the very desirible result of minimizing the wear of the rotating disk due to contact with the tubular section, while affording maximum sealing action when it is needed.

Coffman, R.T.

1957-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

109

Comparisons of CCN with Supercooled Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than 140 supercooled clouds were compared with corresponding out-of-cloud cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) measurements. In spite of significant differences in altitude, temperature, distances from cloud base, updraft velocity (W), ...

James G. Hudson; Stephen Noble; Vandana Jha

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Effects of CCN Concentrations on Stratus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparisons between cloud-base CCN concentrations and cloud droplet concentrations in stratus clouds over San Diego and 100 km out to sea showed a positive correlation. The supersaturation in these clouds, as derived from the matching of the CCN ...

James G. Hudson

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Cirrus Clouds. Part I: A Cirrus Cloud Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional (x, z), time-dependent, numerical cloud model is developed for the purpose of investigating the role of various physical processes involved in the maintenance of cirriform clouds. In addition to accounting for dynamic and ...

David O'C. Starr; Stephen K. Cox

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

On the Use of Cloud Forcing to Estimate Cloud Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncertainty in cloud feedback is the leading cause of discrepancy in model predictions of climate change. The use of observed or model-simulated radiative fluxes to diagnose the effect of clouds on climate sensitivity requires an accurate ...

Brian J. Soden; Anthony J. Broccoli; Richard S. Hemler

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The Magellan Final Report on Cloud Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resources. 1. Finding Tropical Cyclones on a Cloud Computing2010 2. Finding Tropical Cyclones on Clouds, D. Hasenkamp

Coghlan, Susan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

ETSI CLOUD - initial standardization requirements for cloud services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While the technological basis for cloud services is relatively mature, the development of the market is still at an early stage. There is considerable potential, but also a number of widely held concerns which are inhibiting mainstream adoption of cloud ... Keywords: ETSI, cloud services, standardization

Karsten Oberle; Mike Fisher

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

More Observations of Small Funnel Clouds and Other Tubular Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this brief contribution, photographic documentation is provided of a variety of small, tubular-shaped clouds and of a small funnel cloud pendant from a convective cloud that appears to have been modified by flow over high-altitude mountains in ...

Howard B. Bluestein

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Observations of Cloud-Top Entrainment in Marine Stratocumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the thermodynamic and dynamic properties of entrainment events in marine stratocumulus are used to explain why cloud-top entrainment instability may not lead to the breakup of the clouds and to define the role of cloud-top ...

Qing Wang; Bruce A. Albrecht

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

THE ROTATIONAL SPECTRUM OF HCl{sup +}  

SciTech Connect

The rotational spectrum of the radical ion HCl{sup +} has been detected at high resolution in the laboratory, confirming the identification reported in the accompanying Letter by De Luca et al., in diffuse clouds toward W31C and W49N. Three rotational transitions, one in the ground-state {sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2} ladder and two in the {sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2} ladder (643 cm{sup -1} above ground), were observed in a microwave discharge of He and HCl. Well-resolved chlorine hyperfine structure and {Lambda}-doubling, and the detection of lines of H{sup 37}Cl{sup +} at precisely the expected isotopic shift, provide conclusive evidence for the laboratory identification. Detection of rotational transitions in the {sup 2}{Pi}{sub 1/2} ladder of HCl{sup +} for the first time allows an experimental determination of the individual hyperfine coupling constants of chlorine and yields a precise value of eQq{sub 2}. The spectroscopic constants obtained by fitting a Hamiltonian simultaneously to our data and more than 8000 optical transitions are so precise that they allow us to calculate the frequencies of the {sup 2}{Pi}{sub 3/2} J = 5/2 - 3/2 transition observed in space to within 0.2 km s{sup -1}, and indeed, those of the strongest rotational transitions below 7.5 THz, to better than 1 km s{sup -1}.

Gupta, H.; Drouin, B. J.; Pearson, J. C., E-mail: Harshal.Gupta@jpl.nasa.gov [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Internet ware cloud computing :Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After decades of engineering development and infrastructural investment, Internet connections have become commodity product in many countries, and Internet scale "cloud computing" has started to compete with traditional software business through its technological advantages and economy of scale. Cloud computing is a promising enabling technology of Internet ware Cloud Computing is termed as the next big thing in the modern corporate world. Apart from the present day software and technologies, cloud computing will have a growing impact on enterprise IT and business activities in many large organizations. This paper provides an insight to cloud computing, its impacts and discusses various issues that business organizations face while implementing cloud computing. Further, it recommends various strategies that organizations need to adopt while migrating to cloud computing. The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding of cloud computing in the modern world and its impact on organizations and businesse...

Qamar, S; Singh, Mrityunjay

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Mechanisms of Banner Cloud Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Banner clouds are clouds in the lee of steep mountains or sharp ridges. Their formation has previously been hypothesized as due to three different mechanisms: (i) vertical uplift in a lee vortex (which has a horizontal axis), (ii) adiabatic ...

Matthias Voigt; Volkmar Wirth

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Remote Sensing of Cloud Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Day and night mapping of the global distributions of the horizontal cloud covers and the corresponding cloud-top pressure levels are derived from the same set of infrared radiance data used to retrieve clear-column temperature profiles. General ...

Moustafa T. Chahine

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A Computer for the Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computer for the Clouds A Computer for the Clouds August 1, 2008 By PHILIP E. ROSS Columnist IEEE Spectrum: Inside Technology In May an IBM-built supercomputer called Roadrunner...

122

Supersaturation Intermittency in Turbulent Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is hypothesized that bursts of high supersaturation are produced in turbulent, convective clouds through interactions between cloud droplets and the small-scale structure of atmospheric turbulence. This hypothesis is based on the observation ...

Raymond A. Shaw

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

SPARSE FARADAY ROTATION MEASURE SYNTHESIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Faraday rotation measure synthesis is a method for analyzing multichannel polarized radio emissions, and it has emerged as an important tool in the study of Galactic and extragalactic magnetic fields. The method requires the recovery of the Faraday dispersion function from measurements restricted to limited wavelength ranges, which is an ill-conditioned deconvolution problem. Here, we discuss a recovery method that assumes a sparse approximation of the Faraday dispersion function in an overcomplete dictionary of functions. We discuss the general case when both thin and thick components are included in the model, and we present the implementation of a greedy deconvolution algorithm. We illustrate the method with several numerical simulations that emphasize the effect of the covered range and sampling resolution in the Faraday depth space, and the effect of noise on the observed data.

Andrecut, M.; Stil, J. M.; Taylor, A. R. [Institute for Space Imaging Science, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Interpretation of AIRS Data in Thin Cirrus Atmospheres Based on a Fast Radiative Transfer Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thin cirrus cloud thermal infrared radiative transfer model has been developed for application to cloudy satellite data assimilation. This radiation model was constructed by combining the Optical Path Transmittance (OPTRAN) model, developed for ...

Qing Yue; K. N. Liou; S. C. Ou; B. H. Kahn; P. Yang; G. G. Mace

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Using Surface Remote Sensors to Derive Mixed-Phase Cloud Radiative Forcing:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Surface Remote Sensors to Derive Mixed-Phase Cloud Radiative Forcing: Using Surface Remote Sensors to Derive Mixed-Phase Cloud Radiative Forcing: An Example from M-PACE Title Using Surface Remote Sensors to Derive Mixed-Phase Cloud Radiative Forcing: An Example from M-PACE Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors de Boer, Gijs, William D. Collins, Surabi Menon, and Charles N. Long Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 11 Start Page 11937 Pagination 11937-11949 Abstract Measurements from ground-based cloud radar, high spectral resolution lidar and microwave radiometer are used in conjunction with a column version of the Rapid Radiative Transfer Model (RRTMG) and radiosonde measurements to derive the surface radiative properties under mixed-phase cloud conditions. These clouds were observed during the United States Department of Energy (US DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mixed-Phase Arctic Clouds Experiment (M-PACE) between September and November of 2004. In total, sixteen half hour time periods are reviewed due to their coincidence with radiosonde launches. Cloud liquid (ice) water paths are found to range between 11.0-366.4 (0.5-114.1) gm-2, and cloud physical thicknesses fall between 286-2075 m. Combined with temperature and hydrometeor size estimates, this information is used to calculate surface radiative flux densities using RRTMG, which are demonstrated to generally agree with measured flux densities from surface-based radiometric instrumentation. Errors in longwave flux density estimates are found to be largest for thin clouds, while shortwave flux density errors are generally largest for thicker clouds. A sensitivity study is performed to understand the impact of retrieval assumptions and uncertainties on derived surface radiation estimates. Cloud radiative forcing is calculated for all profiles, illustrating longwave dominance during this time of year, with net cloud forcing generally between 50 and 90 Wm-2.

126

Ash cloud aviation advisories  

SciTech Connect

During the recent (12--22 June 1991) Mount Pinatubo volcano eruptions, the US Air Force Global Weather Central (AFGWC) requested assistance of the US Department of Energy`s Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) in creating volcanic ash cloud aviation advisories for the region of the Philippine Islands. Through application of its three-dimensional material transport and diffusion models using AFGWC meteorological analysis and forecast wind fields ARAC developed extensive analysis and 12-hourly forecast ash cloud position advisories extending to 48 hours for a period of five days. The advisories consisted of ``relative`` ash cloud concentrations in ten layers (surface-5,000 feet, 5,000--10,000 feet and every 10,000 feet to 90,000 feet). The ash was represented as a log-normal size distribution of 10--200 {mu}m diameter solid particles. Size-dependent ``ashfall`` was simulated over time as the eruption clouds dispersed. Except for an internal experimental attempt to model one of the Mount Redoubt, Alaska, eruptions (12/89), ARAC had no prior experience in modeling volcanic eruption ash hazards. For the cataclysmic eruption of 15--16 June, the complex three-dimensional atmospheric structure of the region produced dramatically divergent ash cloud patterns. The large eruptions (> 7--10 km) produced ash plume clouds with strong westward transport over the South China Sea, Southeast Asia, India and beyond. The low-level eruptions (< 7 km) and quasi-steady-state venting produced a plume which generally dispersed to the north and east throughout the support period. Modeling the sequence of eruptions presented a unique challenge. Although the initial approach proved viable, further refinement is necessary and possible. A distinct need exists to quantify eruptions consistently such that ``relative`` ash concentrations relate to specific aviation hazard categories.

Sullivan, T.J.; Ellis, J.S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Schalk, W.W.; Nasstrom, J.S. [EG and G, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (United States)

1992-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

127

NIST Cloud Computing Related Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Challenging Security Requirements for US Government Cloud Computing Adoption", December 2012 C. Dabrowski and K. Mills, "VM Leakage and ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

128

Contract RBAC in cloud computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is a fast growing field, which is arguably a new computing paradigm. In cloud computing, computing resources are provided as services over the Internet and users can access resources based on their payments. The issue of access control ... Keywords: Cloud computing, Contract, Contract RBAC, Datacenter, RBAC

Hsing-Chung (Jack) Chen, Marsha Anjanette Violetta, Cheng-Ying Yang

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Improving Utilization of Infrastructure Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key advantage of infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) clouds is providing users on-demand access to resources. To provide on-demand access, however, cloud providers must either significantly overprovision their infrastructure (and pay a high price for ... Keywords: Cloud Computing, Infrastructure-as-a-Service, High Throughput Computing

Paul Marshall; Kate Keahey; Tim Freeman

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Parameterizing Vertically Coherent Cloud Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parameterization for specifying subgrid-scale cloud distributions in atmospheric models is developed. The fractional area of a grid-scale column in which clouds from two levels overlap (i.e., the cloud overlap probability) is described in terms ...

John W. Bergman; Philip J. Rasch

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Cumulus Cloud Properties Derived Using Landsat Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) digital data are used to remotely sense cumulus cloud properties such as cloud fraction and cloud reflectance, along with the distribution of cloud number and cloud fraction as a function of cloud size. The ...

Bruce A. Wielicki; Ronald M. Welch

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

A Smooth Cloud Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a large-eddy “smooth” cloud (SC) model will be presented with smooth implying that the entire model converges under a Newton-based solution procedure or that time scales within the SC model are being resolved. Besides ensuring that ...

J. M. Reisner; C. A. Jeffery

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Studying Clouds and Aerosols with Lidar Depolarization Ratio and Backscatter Relationships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three parts, each devoted to a particular issue of significant importance for CALIPSO lidar observation of depolarization ratio (delta) and backscatter (gamma?) to improve current understanding of the microphysical properties of clouds and aerosols. The relationships between depolarization ratio and backscatter allow us to retrieve particle thermodynamic phase and shape and/or orientation of aerosols and clouds. The first part is devoted to the investigation of the relationships between lidar backscatter and the corresponding depolarization ratio for different cloud classifications and aerosol types. For each cloud and aerosol types, layer-averaged backscatter and backscattering depolarization ratio from the CALIPSO measurements are discussed. The present results demonstrate the unique capabilities of the CALIPSO lidar instrument for determining cloud phase and aerosols subtypes. In the second part, we evaluate the MODIS IR cloud phase with the CALIPSO cloud products. The three possible misclassifications of MODIS IR cloud phasealgorithm, which are studied by Nasiri and Kahn (2008) with radiative transfer modeling, are tested by comparing between MODIS IR phase and CALIOP observations. The current results support their hypotheses, which is that the MODIS phase algorithm may tend to classify thin cirrus clouds as water clouds or mixed phase clouds or unknown, and classify midlevel and/or mid-temperature clouds as mixed or unknown phase. In the third part, we present a comparison of mineral dust aerosol retrievals from two instruments, MODIS and CALIPSO lidar. And, we implement and evaluate a new mineral dust detection algorithm based on the analysis of thin dust radiative signature. In comparison, three commonly used visible and IR mineral dust detection algorithms, including BTD procedure, D parameter method, and multi-channel image algorithm, are evaluated with CALIPSO aerosol classification. The comparison reveals that those dust detection algorithms are not effective for optically thin dust layers, but for thick dust storm. The new algorithm using discriminant analysis with CALIPSO observation is much better in detecting thin dust layer of optical thickness between 0.1 and 2.

Cho, Hyoun-Myoung

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Mission to planet Earth: Role of clouds and radiation in climate  

SciTech Connect

The role of clouds in modifying the earth`s radiation balance is well recognized as a key uncertainty in predicting any potential future climate change. This statement is true whether the climate change of interest is caused by changing emissions of greenhouse gases and sulfates, deforestation, ozone depletion, volcanic eruptions, or changes in the solar constant. This paper presents and overview of the role of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration`s Earth Observing System (EOR) satellite data in understanding the role of clouds in the global climate system. The paper gives a brief summary of the cloud/radiation problem, and discusses the critical observations needed to support further investigation. The planned EOS data products are summarized, including the critical advances over current satellite cloud and radiation budget data. Key advances include simultaneous observation on cloud particle size and phase, improved detection of thin clouds and multilayer cloud systems, greatly reduced ambiguity in partially cloud-filled satellite fields of view, improved calibration and stability of satellite-observed radiances, and improved estimates of radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere, at the surface, and at levels within the atmosphere. outstanding sampling and remote sensing issues that effect data quality are also discussed. Finally, the EOS data are placed in the context of other satellite observations as well as the critical surface, field experiment and laboratory data needed to address the role in clouds on the climate system. I is concluded that the EOS data are a necessary but insufficient condition for solution of the scientific cloud/radiation issues. A balanced approach of satellite, field, and laboratory data will be required. These combined data can span the necessary spatial scales of global, regional, cloud cell and cloud particle physics. 137 refs., 12 fig., 4 tab.

Wielicki, B.A.; Harrison, E.F. [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (United States)] [and others

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Simulation of Lidar Return Signals Associated with Water Clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We revisited an empirical relationship between the integrated volume depolar- ization ratio, oacc, and the effective multiple scattering factor, -n, on the basis of Monte Carlo simulations of spaceborne lidar backscatter associated with homogeneous wa- ter clouds. The relationship is found to be sensitive to the extinction coefficient and to the particle size. The layer integrated attenuated backscatter is also obtained. Comparisons made between the simulations and statistics derived relationships of the layer integrated depolarization ratio, oacc, and the layer integrated attenuated backscatter, -n, based on the measurement by the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) satellite show that a cloud with a large effective size or a large extinction coefficient has a relatively large integrated backscatter and a cloud with a small effective size or a large extinction coefficient has a large integrated volume depolarization ratio. The present results also show that optically thin water clouds may not obey the empirical relationship derived by Y. X. Hu. and co-authors.

Lu, Jianxu

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A Study of Cloud-Generated Radiative Heating and Its Generation of Available Potential Energy. Part ii: Results for a Climatological Zonal Mean January  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-generated radiative heating is computed for January zonal mean conditions for low and midclouds. For both cases, the strongest influence was found to be in the low troposphere, with marked differences in signs and magnitudes. Optically thin ...

R. Stuhlmann; G. L. Smith

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

An Automated Cirrus Cloud Detection Method for a Ground-Based Cloud Image  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud detection is a basic research for achieving cloud-cover state and other cloud characteristics. Because of the influence of sunlight, the brightness of sky background on the ground-based cloud image is usually nonuniform, which increases the ...

Jun Yang; Weitao Lu; Ying Ma; Wen Yao

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Cloud-Resolving Model with an Adaptive Vertical Grid for Boundary Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate cloud-resolving model simulations of cloud cover and cloud water content for boundary layer clouds are difficult to achieve without vertical grid spacing well below 100 m, especially for inversion-topped stratocumulus. The need for fine ...

Roger Marchand; Thomas Ackerman

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Statistical cloud coverage as a function of cloud optical thickness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time-averaged, daylight fractional statistical cloud coverages as a function of cloud optical thickness and selected values of cloud transmission were determined for various geographic areas using D1 data from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP). The regions of interest chosen for this report are: global earth, global sea, global land, global coast, and the six 30{degree}-latitude bands over sea, over land, and over coast with longitude 0{degree}--360{degree}. This statistical information is deduced from data determined from satellite measurements of terrestrial, atmospheric and cloud properties by the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project. In particular the results are based on the ISCCP D1 data base.

Brower, K.L.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Preliminary definition of Barstow standard cloud model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The motion of cloud shadows across a collector field for a central receiver solar power plant can affect the design of such a facility. Cloud models were developed to be used for basis of design in technology areas. The first effect, that of the temperature gradient, is simulated by postulating the worst case cloud situation. The cyclic effects require realistic cloud shadow time histories for simulation. Cloud shadow models were developed to determine probable cloud type, the cloud area and shape, cloud velocity and cloud-to-cloud spacing. The probability of cloud occurrence is estimated. A collector field computer program is run to determine the effect of cloud variables on collector field power delivery capability. Recommendation of cloud models to be used for basis of design are then made.

None

1978-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

CloudCast: Cloud Computing for Short-Term Weather Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CloudCast provides clients with personalized short-term weather forecasts based on their current location using cloud services

Dilip Kumar Krishnappa; David Irwin; Eric Lyons; Michael Zink

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Rotatable seal assembly. [Patent application; rotating targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An assembly is provided for rotatably supporting a rotor on a stator so that vacuum chambers in the rotor and stator remain in communication while the chambers are sealed from ambient air, which enables the use of a ball bearing or the like to support most of the weight of the rotor. The apparatus includes a seal device mounted on the rotor to rotate therewith, but shiftable in position on the rotor while being sealed to the rotor as by an O-ring. The seal device has a flat face that is biased towards a flat face on the stator, and pressurized air is pumped between the faces to prevent contact between them while spacing them a small distance apart to avoid the inflow of large amounts of air between the faces and into the vacuum chambers.

Logan, C.M.; Garibaldi, J.L.

1980-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

143

A Comparison of Simulated Cloud Radar Output from the Multiscale Modeling Framework Global Climate Model with CloudSat Cloud Radar Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last few years a new type of global climate model (GCM) has emerged in which a cloud-resolving model is embedded into each grid cell of a GCM. This new approach is frequently called a multiscale modeling framework (MMF) or superparameterization. In this article we present a comparison of MMF output with radar observations from the NASA CloudSat mission, which uses a near-nadir-pointing millimeter-wavelength radar to probe the vertical structure of clouds and precipitation. We account for radar detection limits by simulating the 94 GHz radar reflectivity that CloudSat would observe from the high-resolution cloud-resolving model output produced by the MMF. Overall, the MMF does a good job of reproducing the broad pattern of tropical convergence zones, subtropical belts, and midlatitude storm tracks, as well as their changes in position with the annual solar cycle. Nonetheless, the comparison also reveals a number of model shortfalls including (1) excessive hydrometeor coverage at all altitudes over many convectively active regions, (2) a lack of low-level hydrometeors over all subtropical oceanic basins, (3) excessive low-level hydrometeor coverage (principally precipitating hydrometeors) in the midlatitude storm tracks of both hemispheres during the summer season (in each hemisphere), and (4) a thin band of low-level hydrometeors in the Southern Hemisphere of the central (and at times eastern and western) Pacific in the MMF, which is not observed by CloudSat. This band resembles a second much weaker ITCZ but is restricted to low levels.

Marchand, Roger T.; Haynes, J. M.; Mace, Gerald G.; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Stephens, Graeme L.

2009-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

144

DOE Research and Development Accomplishments Tag Cloud  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Database Tag Cloud Database Tag Cloud This tag cloud is a specific type of weighted list that provides a quick look at the content of the DOE R&D Accomplishments database. It can be easily browsed because terms are in alphabetical order. With this tag cloud, there is a direct correlation between font size and quantity. The more times a term appears in the bibliographic citations, the larger the font size. This tag cloud is also interactive. Clicking on a term will activate a search for that term. Search results will then be received. absorption Accelerator Accelerators Acid Acids AEC air Alpha Analysis Angular Applications Applied Argonne Aspects atmospheric Atom Atomic atoms Background Basic Batteries Beam Beams Beta Biological Biology BNL Brookhaven Calculations Calvin Capture carbon Cells CH Change changes Chemical Chemistry CHLORINE climate Coal Collisions complex Complexes Compounds computed Computerized conditions Conservation Conversion Cosmic Cosmology Cross Crystal current cycle data Decay density design Detection detectors development Devices Diagnostic Diffraction Dioxide Discovery distribution DNA Effect Effects Efficiency Electric electricity Electromagnetic Electron Electrons Element elementary elements Emission Energy Environmental Equations even Exchange Experiment Experimental experiments Fermi field fields First Fission Fossil Free fuel fuels Fusion Future Gamma Gas Genome global greenhouse group Hadron Health heat Heating heavy high Historical history Human Hydrocarbons Hydrogen Imaging impacts important Information Institute Interaction Interactions International Invariance ion Ions Isotope Isotopes Kinetics large laser Lawrence LBL LBNL lepton level light Linear Lithium Livermore living LLNL long low Magnetic Mass material Materials mathematics Matter Measurement measurements Mechanics mechanism medical Medicine Mesons Metabolism Method methods Model Models Molecular Molecules momentum mu Nambu Neutral Neutrino Neutrinos Neutron neutrons Nuclear Nuclei Nucleon Odd Organic ORNL Oxides oxygen Particle Particles path PET Photosynthesis physical Physics pi Plants Plasma Plutonium Policy Polymers Positron Power problem processes production program Programs progress Properties Proton Protons Quantum Quark Radiation Radioactive Radioisotopes range Ratio ray Reaction Reactions Reactor Reactors Renewable report Research resolution Resonance results Review RTG scattering science Sciences scientific Seaborg Separation Solar Source Sources Space Spectra Spectroscopy spectrum Spin Stability state States storage Strong Structure Studies study supernovae symmetry Symposium Synthesis system Systems Tau technical Techniques technologies Technology Teller Temperature theoretical Theories Theory Therapy Thermal Thermoelectric Thin Time Tomography Top Tracer Transfer Transport type types Upton Uranium uses Velocity Water Weak Wigner yields

145

Microphysical Properties of Single and Mixed-Phase Arctic Clouds Derived from AERI Observations  

SciTech Connect

A novel new approach to retrieve cloud microphysical properties from mixed-phase clouds is presented. This algorithm retrieves cloud optical depth, ice fraction, and the effective size of the water and ice particles from ground-based, high-resolution infrared radiance observations. The theoretical basis is that the absorption coefficient of ice is stronger than that of liquid water from 10-13 mm, whereas liquid water is more absorbing than ice from 16-25 um. However, due to strong absorption in the rotational water vapor absorption band, the 16-25 um spectral region becomes opaque for significant water vapor burdens (i.e., for precipitable water vapor amounts over approximately 1 cm). The Arctic is characterized by its dry and cold atmosphere, as well as a preponderance of mixed-phase clouds, and thus this approach is applicable to Arctic clouds. Since this approach uses infrared observations, cloud properties are retrieved at night and during the long polar wintertime period. The analysis of the cloud properties retrieved during a 7 month period during the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) experiment demonstrates many interesting features. These results show a dependence of the optical depth on cloud phase, differences in the mode radius of the water droplets in liquid-only and mid-phase clouds, a lack of temperature dependence in the ice fraction for temperatures above 240 K, seasonal trends in the optical depth with the clouds being thinner in winter and becoming more optically thick in the late spring, and a seasonal trend in the effective size of the water droplets in liquid-only and mixed-phase clouds that is most likely related to aerosol concentration.

Turner, David D.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Broken and inhomogeneous cloud impact on satellite cloud particle effective radius and cloudphase retrievals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the particle size distribution, height, and thermo- dynamic phase of clouds. Water and ice clouds have parameterizations is the global dis- tribution of cloud thermodynamic phase, i.e., whether a cloud is composed on satellitederived cloud particle effective radius (re) and cloud phase (CPH) for broken and overcast inhomogeneous

Stoffelen, Ad

147

Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight from Landsat ETM+ G. Wen and L. Oreopoulos National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center University of Maryland Baltimore County Joint Center of Earth System Technology Greenbelt, Maryland R. F. Cahalan and S. C. Tsay National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland Introduction Cumulus clouds attenuate solar radiation casting shows on the ground. Cumulus clouds can also enhance solar radiation in the clear region nearby. The enhancement of down-welling solar radiation has been observed at the ground level in the clear region near cumulus clouds (Mims and Frederick 1994). The additional diffuse radiation source from cumulus clouds makes the clear gaps appear to be

148

Size of Cloud from Shadow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Size of Cloud from Shadow Size of Cloud from Shadow Name: mike Status: other Grade: other Location: N/A Country: USA Date: Summer 2011 Question: I see a cloud and I see its shadow in a field - knowing high sun angles - is there a way of telling how far away the cloud is or how big? - I am thinking if the shadow is 30' wide and the sun is at 2:00 pm- ? Replies: Hi Mike, Try this, draw a small circle representing the Sun. Somewhere below this circle and maybe to the right, draw an oblong, make this oblong bigger than the circle. Now connect the leftmost edge of the circle with the leftmost edge of the oblong with a straight line. Do the same for the rightmost edges. The oblong now represent the shadow of a cloud on the ground, and the lines represent the rays of the sun passing along the edges of the cloud.

149

ARM - Measurement - Total cloud water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cloud water cloud water ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Total cloud water The total concentration (mass/vol) of ice and liquid water particles in a cloud; this includes condensed water content (CWC). Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments NCEPGFS : National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System Field Campaign Instruments CSI : Cloud Spectrometer and Impactor PDI : Phase Doppler Interferometer

150

ARM - Measurement - Cloud droplet size  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

droplet size droplet size ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud droplet size Linear size (e.g. radius or diameter) of a cloud particle Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Field Campaign Instruments CPI : Cloud Particle Imager CVI-AIR : Counterflow Virtual Impactor MIRAI : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai PDI : Phase Doppler Interferometer UAV-PROTEUS-MICRO : Proteus Cloud Microphysics Instruments SPEC-CPI : Stratton Park Engineering Company - Cloud particle imager

151

TC_CLOUD_REGIME.cdr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical cloud properties as a function of regime Regimes? Monsoon versus Break * Different synoptic vertical velocity profiles - Changes convective inhibition, corresponding...

152

Service Availability in Cloud Computing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Cloud computing provides access to on-demand computing resources and storage space, whereby applications and data are hosted with data centers managed by third parties,… (more)

Adegoke, Adekunle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

China Total Cloud Amount Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in Total Cloud Amount Over China DOI: 10.3334CDIACcli.008 data Data image Graphics Investigator Dale P. Kaiser Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Environmental...

154

Cloud Microphysical Relationships in California Marine Stratus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud microphysical measurements off the southern California coast are presented and compared with in situ airborne measurements of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) spectra. Large-scale variations in cloud droplet concentrations were due to CCN ...

James G. Hudson; Gunilla Svensson

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Statistical Description of Radiation Transfer in Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The statistical characteristics of simulated cloud fields constructed based on Poisson point fluxes are studied. The input parameters of mathematical models of cloudiness include the cloud fraction and the mean horizontal size of clouds ...

Georgi A. Titov

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Radiative Effects of Cloud-Type Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative flux changes induced by the occurrence of different cloud types are investigated using International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project cloud data and a refined radiative transfer model from National Aeronautics and Space ...

Ting Chen; William B. Rossow; Yuanchong Zhang

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

CALIPSO/CALIOP Cloud Phase Discrimination Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current cloud thermodynamic phase discrimination by Cloud-Aerosol Lidar Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) is based on the depolarization of backscattered light measured by its lidar [Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (...

Yongxiang Hu; David Winker; Mark Vaughan; Bing Lin; Ali Omar; Charles Trepte; David Flittner; Ping Yang; Shaima L. Nasiri; Bryan Baum; Robert Holz; Wenbo Sun; Zhaoyan Liu; Zhien Wang; Stuart Young; Knut Stamnes; Jianping Huang; Ralph Kuehn

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Visualization of Cloud Droplet Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper draws attention to the use of readily available, wire cage graphics for inspecting cloud droplet spectra measured using a Forward Light-Scattering Spectrometer Probe. The high resolution cloud droplet spectra from two different clouds ...

Robert R. Czys

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

A Survey on Cloud Provider Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Survey on Cloud Provider Security Measures Alex Pucher, Stratos Dimopoulos Abstract Cloud take advantage of this model already, but security and privacy concerns limit the further adoption agencies and start offering security certifications and separate tightly controlled "government" cloud

160

A charged rotating cylindrical shell 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give an example of a spacetime having an infinite thin rotating cylindrical shell constituted by a charged perfect fluid as a source. As the interior of the shell the Bonnor–Melvin universe is considered, while its exterior is represented by Datta– Raychaudhuri spacetime. We discuss the energy conditions and we show that our spacetime contains closed timelike curves. Trajectories of charged test particles both inside and outside the cylinder are also examined. Expression for the angular velocity of a circular motion inside the cylinder is given.

P. Klepá?; J. Horsk´y

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

NIST Joint Cloud and Big Data Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Joint Cloud and Big Data Workshop. Purpose: ... The second and third days of the workshop focused on the intersection of Cloud and Big Data. ...

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

162

6.1 Cloud Management Broker  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the cloud-management-broker programming or human interface, and ... broker notifies cloud-user with error specifics or ... Transient errors can be retried ...

2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

163

Radiative Effects of Cloud Inhomogeneity and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cloud-overlap assumptions and optical property approximations (Del Genio et al. 1996; Fowler and Randall 1996; Liang and Wang 1997). While GCMs require convection and cloud...

164

El-pincel: a painter cloud service for greener web pages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to their thin size, vivid colors, high contrast and power efficiency, OLED (Organic Light-Emitting Diode) display and its variants such as AMOLED (Active Matrix OLED) displays are increasingly replacing traditional LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) screens ... Keywords: OLED display, browsing, cloud service, color harmony, color transformation, low power, tone mapping

Anand Bhojan; Lee Kee Chong; Ee-Chien Chang; Mun Choon Chan; Ananda L. Akkihebbal; Wei Tsang Ooi

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Cloud Computing Towards Technological Convergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the popularization and improvement of social and industrial IT development, information appears to explosively increase, and people put much higher expectations on the services of computing, communication and network. Today's public communication ... Keywords: Architectural Strategies, Cloud Computing, Cloud Environments, Communication Network, Computing, Convergence

P. Sasikala

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Enabling cloud interoperability with COMPSs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of Cloud computing has given to researchers the ability to access resources that satisfy their growing needs, which could not be satisfied by traditional computing resources such as PCs and locally managed clusters. On the other side, such ... Keywords: PaaS, cloud computing, data mining, parallel programming models

Fabrizio Marozzo; Francesc Lordan; Roger Rafanell; Daniele Lezzi; Domenico Talia; Rosa M. Badia

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Cloud properties derived from two lidars over the ARM SGP site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

[1] Active remote sensors such as lidars or radars can be used with other data to quantify the cloud properties at regional scale and at global scale (Dupont et al., 2009). Relative to radar, lidar remote sensing is sensitive to very thin and high clouds but has a significant limitation due to signal attenuation in the ability to precisely quantify the properties of clouds with a 20 cloud optical thickness larger than 3. In this study, 10-years of backscatter lidar signal data are analysed by a unique algorithm called STRucture of ATmosphere (STRAT, Morille et al., 2007). We apply the STRAT algorithm to data from both the collocated Micropulse lidar (MPL) and a Raman lidar (RL) at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site between 1998 and 2009. Raw backscatter lidar signal is processed and 25 corrections for detector deadtime, afterpulse, and overlap are applied. (Campbell et al.) The cloud properties for all levels of clouds are derived and distributions of cloud base height (CBH), top height (CTH), physical cloud thickness (CT), and optical thickness (COT) from local statistics are compared. The goal of this study is (1) to establish a climatology of macrophysical and optical properties for all levels of clouds observed over the ARM SGP site 30 and (2) to estimate the discrepancies induced by the two remote sensing systems (pulse energy, sampling, resolution, etc.). Our first results tend to show that the MPLs, which are the primary ARM lidars, have a distinctly limited range where all of these cloud properties are detectable, especially cloud top and cloud thickness, but even actual cloud base especially during summer daytime period. According to the comparisons between RL and MPL, almost 50% of situations show a signal to noise ratio too low (smaller than 3) for the MPL in order to detect clouds higher than 7km during daytime period in summer. Consequently, the MPLderived annual cycle of cirrus cloud base (top) altitude is biased low, especially for daylight periods, compared with those derived from the RL data, which detects 5 cloud base ranging from 7.5 km in winter to 9.5 km in summer (and tops ranging from 8.6 to 10.5 km). The optically thickest cirrus clouds (COT>0.3) reach 50% of the total population for the Raman lidar and only 20% for the Micropulse lidar due to the difference of pulse energy and the effect of solar irradiance contamination. A complementary study using the cloud fraction 10 derived from the Micropulse lidar for clouds below 5 km and from the Raman lidar for cloud above 5 km allows for better estimation of the total cloud fraction between the ground and the top of the atmosphere. This study presents the diurnal cycle of cloud fraction for each season in comparisons with the Long et al. (2006) cloud fraction calculation derived from radiative flux analysis.

Dupont, Jean-Charles; Haeffelin, Martial; Morille, Y.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Flynn, Connor J.; Long, Charles N.; Sivaraman, Chitra; Newsom, Rob K.

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

168

ARM - Measurement - Cloud base height  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

base height base height ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud base height For a given cloud or cloud layer, the lowest level of the atmosphere where cloud properties are detectable. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments BLC : Belfort Laser Ceilometer MPL : Micropulse Lidar MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RL : Raman Lidar VCEIL : Vaisala Ceilometer External Instruments NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC

169

ARM - Measurement - Cloud ice particle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ice particle ice particle ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud ice particle Particles made of ice found in clouds. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Field Campaign Instruments REPLICATOR : Balloon-borne Ice Crystal Replicator CPI : Cloud Particle Imager CVI-AIR : Counterflow Virtual Impactor LEARJET : Lear Jet PARTIMG : Particle imager UAV-PROTEUS-MICRO : Proteus Cloud Microphysics Instruments

170

TWP Island Cloud Trail Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pacific Island Cloud Trail Studies Pacific Island Cloud Trail Studies W. M. Porch Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico S. Winiecki University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois Introduction Images and surface temperature measurements from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Multi- spectral Thermal Imaging (MTI) satellite are combined with geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) images during 2000 and 2001 to better understand cloud trail formation characteristics from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site. Figure 1 shows a comparison on two consecutive days in December 2000. The day for which a cloud trail developed was more moist and cooler at the altitude the cloud developed (about 600 m) and there was very little

171

ARM - Measurement - Cloud condensation nuclei  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

condensation nuclei condensation nuclei ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud condensation nuclei Small particles (typically 0.0002 mm, or 1/100 th the size of a cloud droplet) about which cloud droplets coalesce. Categories Aerosols, Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System CCN : Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter Field Campaign Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System

172

Cloud Computing: Exploring the scope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloud computing refers a paradigm shift to overall IT solutions while raising the accessibility, scalability and effectiveness through its enabling technologies. However, migrated cloud platforms and services cost benefits as well as performances are neither clear nor summarized. Globalization and the recessionary economic times have not only raised the bar of a better IT delivery models but also have given access to technology enabled services via internet. Cloud computing has vast potential in terms of lean Retail methodologies that can minimize the operational cost by using the third party based IT capabilities, as a service. It will not only increase the ROI but will also help in lowering the total cost of ownership. In this paper we have tried to compare the cloud computing cost benefits with the actual premise cost which an organization incurs normally. However, in spite of the cost benefits, many IT professional believe that the latest model i.e. "cloud computing" has risks and security concerns. This ...

Pandey, Abhinav; Tandon, Ankit; Maurya, Brajesh Kr; Kushwaha, Upendra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Zenith Radiance Retrieval of Cloud Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

retrievals of cloud properties retrievals of cloud properties from the AMF/COPS campaign Preliminary retrievals of cloud properties from the AMF/COPS campaign Christine Chiu, UMBC/JCET Alexander Marshak, GSFC Yuri Knyazikhin, Boston University Warren Wiscombe, GSFC Christine Chiu, UMBC/JCET Alexander Marshak, GSFC Yuri Knyazikhin, Boston University Warren Wiscombe, GSFC The cloud optical properties of interest are: The cloud optical properties of interest are: * Cloud optical depth Ď„ - the great unknown * Radiative cloud fraction * Cloud effective drop size, r eff * Cloud optical depth Ď„ - the great unknown * Radiative cloud fraction * Cloud effective drop size, r eff Ď„ = 3 2 LWP r eff r eff in ÎĽm, LWP in g/m 2 The 2-ch narrow-field-of-view radiometer (2NFOV) The 2-ch narrow-field-of-view radiometer

174

Radiative Importance of ÂŤThinÂŽ Liquid Water Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Program Accomplishments of the Instantaneous Radiative Flux (IRF) Working Group August 2006 AERI Observations at Southern Great Plains Improve Infrared Radiative Transfer Models Turner et al., JAS, 2004 * AERI observations used to evaluate clear sky IR radiative transfer models * Long-term comparisons have improved - Spectral line database parameters - Water vapor continuum absorption models * Reduced errors in computation of downwelling radiative IR flux by approx 4; current uncertainty is on the order of 1.5 W/m 2 AERI - (Pre-ARM Model) AERI - (Model in 2003) 1 RU = 1 mW / (m 2 sr cm -1 ) Excellent Agreement in Clear Sky Shortwave Radiative Transfer Between Obs and Calcs Shortwave Flux Bias (Solid) Shortwave Flux RMS (Hatched) W m -2 * Comparison of shortwave radiative flux at the surface

175

Rotating Aperture System  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotating aperture system includes a low-pressure vacuum pumping stage with apertures for passage of a deuterium beam. A stator assembly includes holes for passage of the beam. The rotor assembly includes a shaft connected to a deuterium gas cell or a crossflow venturi that has a single aperture on each side that together align with holes every rotation. The rotating apertures are synchronized with the firing of the deuterium beam such that the beam fires through a clear aperture and passes into the Xe gas beam stop. Portions of the rotor are lapped into the stator to improve the sealing surfaces, to prevent rapid escape of the deuterium gas from the gas cell.

Rusnak, Brian; Hall, James M.; Shen, Stewart; Wood, Richard L.

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

176

Galactic fountains and their connection with high and intermediate velocity clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to calculate the expansion law and chemical enrichment of a supershell powered by the energetic feedback of a typical Galactic OB association at various galactocentric radii. We study then the orbits of the fragments created when the supershell breaks out and we compare their kinetic and chemical properties with the available observations of high - and intermediate - velocity clouds. We use the Kompaneets (1960) approximation for the evolution of the superbubble driven by sequential supernova explosions and we compute the abundances of oxygen and iron residing in the thin cold supershell. We assume that supershells are fragmented by means of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities and we follow the orbit of the clouds either ballistically or by means of a hybrid model considering viscous interaction between the clouds and the extra-planar gas.Given the self-similarity of the Kompaneets solutions, clouds are always formed ~ 448 pc above the plane. If the initial metallicity is solar, the pollution from dying stars of the OB association has a negligible effect on the chemical composition of the clouds. The maximum height reached by the clouds above the plane seldom exceeds 2 kpc and when averaging over different throwing angles, the landing coordinate differs from the throwing coordinate ~ 1 kpc at most. The range of heights and [O/Fe] ratios spun by our clouds suggest us that the high velocity clouds cannot have a Galactic origin, whereas intermediate velocity clouds have kinematic properties similar to our modeled clouds but overabundance observed for the [O/Fe] ratios which can be reproduced only with initial metallicities which are too low compared for those of the Galaxy disk.

E. Spitoni; S. Recchi; F. Matteucci

2008-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

177

Discrimination between thin cirrus and and tropospheric aerosol using  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Discrimination between thin cirrus and and tropospheric aerosol using Discrimination between thin cirrus and and tropospheric aerosol using multiple measurements from Darwin ARCS Mitchell, Ross CSIRO Category: Aerosols Thin cirrus cloud occurs frequently in the tropics, and is often difficult to distinguish from tropospheric aerosol on the basis of temporal variations in ground based measurements, since both can be rather spatially uniform. In this study we investigate their discrimination by combining data from three instruments at the Darwin Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station (ARCS): the Cimel sun photometer (CSP), the micropulse lidar (MPL), and the total sky imager (TSI). The study was carried out over the dry season of 2005, with the usual widespread burning of tropical savanna leading to extensive smoke plumes. It is shown that the locus of data in

178

Rotatable stem and lock  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A valve stem and lock is disclosed which includes a housing surrounding a valve stem, a solenoid affixed to an interior wall of the housing, an armature affixed to the valve stem and a locking device for coupling the armature to the housing body. When the solenoid is energized, the solenoid moves away from the housing body, permitting rotation of the valve stem.

Deveney, J.E.; Sanderson, S.N.

1981-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

179

Rotating Hairy Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct stationary black holes in SU(2) Einstein-Yang-Mills theory, which carry angular momentum and electric charge. Possessing non-trivial non-abelian magnetic fields outside their regular event horizon, they represent non-perturbative rotating hairy black holes.

B. Kleihaus; J. Kunz

2000-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

180

Discussion of Intelligent Cloud Computing System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing System (CCS) aims to power the next generation data centers and enables application service providers to lease data center capabilities for deploying applications depending on user Quality of Service (QoS) requirements. Huge investments ... Keywords: cloud computing system, intelligent cloud computing system, data warehouse, cloud computing management information system

Yu Hua Zhang; Jian Zhang; Wei Hua Zhang

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Cloud Droplet Size Distributions in Low-Level Stratiform Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A database of stratus cloud droplet (diameter <50 ?m) size distribution parameters, derived from in situ data reported in the existing literature, was created, facilitating intercomparison among datasets and quantifying typical values and their ...

Natasha L. Miles; Johannes Verlinde; Eugene E. Clothiaux

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

AIRS Subpixel Cloud Characterization Using MODIS Cloud Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) measurements from the Earth Observing System's (EOS's) Aqua satellite enable improved global monitoring of the distribution of clouds. MODIS is ...

Jun Li; W. Paul Menzel; Fengying Sun; Timothy J. Schmit; James Gurka

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Icebergs in the clouds: the other risks of cloud computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is appealing from management and efficiency perspectives, but brings risks both known and unknown. Well-known and hotly-debated information security risks, due to software vulnerabilities, insider attacks, and side-channels for example, ...

Bryan Ford

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Mixed phase clouds, cloud electrification and remote sensing.  

SciTech Connect

Most of hypothesis trying to explain charge separation in thunderstorm clouds require presence of ice and supercooled water. Thus the existence of ice or at least mixed phase regions near cloud tops should be a necessary (but not a sufficient) condition for development of lightning. We show that multispectral satellite based instruments, like the DOE MTI (Multispectral Thermal Imager) or NASA MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer), using the near infrared and visible spectral bands are able to distinguish between water, ice and mixed phase cloud regions. An analysis of the MTI images of mixed phase clouds - with spatial resolution of about 20 m - shows regions of pure water, pure ice as well as regions of water/ice mixtures. We suggest that multispectral satellite instruments may be useful for a short time forecast of lightning probabilities.

Chylek, P. (Petr); Borel, C. C. (Christoph C.); Klett, James

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

The Role of Cloud Top Entrainment in Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The entrainment process and its resultant effects on the microphysics and dynamics within cumuli are not yet clearly understood. This research was undertaken to discover the role which cloud top plays in the entrainment process and to determine ...

Joey F. Boatman; August H. Auer Jr.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Graphene Monolayer Rotation on Ni(111) Facilities Bilayer Graphene Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthesis of bilayer graphene by chemical vapor deposition is of importance for graphene-based field effect devices. Here, we demonstrate that bilayer graphene preferentially grows by carbon-segregation under graphene sheets that are rotated relative to a Ni(111) substrate. Rotated graphene monolayer films can be synthesized at growth temperatures above 650 C on a Ni(111) thin-film. The segregated second graphene layer is in registry with the Ni(111) substrate and this suppresses further C-segregation, effectively self-limiting graphene formation to two layers.

Batzill M.; Sutter P.; Dahal, A.; Addou, R.

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

187

Wave-driven Rotation in Supersonically Rotating Mirrors  

SciTech Connect

Supersonic rotation in mirrors may be produced by radio frequency waves. The waves produce coupled diffusion in ion kinetic and potential energy. A population inversion along the diffusion path then produces rotation. Waves may be designed to exploit a natural kinetic energy source or may provide the rotation energy on their own. Centrifugal traps for fusion and isotope separation may benefit from this wave-driven rotation.

A. Fetterman and N.J. Fisch

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Millimeter Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The millimeter cloud radar (MMCR) systems probe the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The MMCR is a zenith-pointing radar that operates at a frequency of 35 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., cloud bottoms and tops). This radar will also report radar reflectivity (dBZ) of the atmosphere up to 20 km. The radar possesses a doppler capability that will allow the measurement of cloud constituent vertical velocities.

KB Widener; K Johnson

2005-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

189

Comparison of an Experimental NOAA AVHRR Cloud Dataset with Other Observed and Forecast Cloud Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CLAVR [cloud from AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer)] is a global cloud dataset under development at NOAA/NESDIS (National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service). Total cloud amount from two experimental cases, 9 ...

Yu-Tai Hou; Kenneth A. Campana; Kenneth E. Mitchell; Shi-Keng Yang; Larry L. Stowe

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

ISCCP Cloud Properties Associated with Standard Cloud Types Identified in Individual Surface Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Individual surface weather observations from land stations and ships are compared with individual cloud retrievals of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP), stage C1, for an 8-yr period (1983–91) to relate cloud optical ...

Carole J. Hahn; William B. Rossow; Stephen G. Warren

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Biogeography of Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. Part II: Mapping of Orographic Cloud Immersion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study details two unique methods to quantify cloud-immersion statistics for tropical montane cloud forests (TMCFs). The first technique uses a new algorithm for determining cloud-base height using Moderate Resolution Imaging ...

Udaysankar S. Nair; Salvi Asefi; Ronald M. Welch; D. K. Ray; Robert O. Lawton; Vani Starry Manoharan; Mark Mulligan; Tom L. Sever; Daniel Irwin; J. Alan Pounds

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Cloud-Resolving Simulation of Low-Cloud Feedback to an Increase in Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the physical mechanisms of the low cloud feedback through cloud-resolving simulations of cloud-radiative equilibrium response to an increase in sea surface temperature (SST). Six pairs of perturbed and control simulations ...

Kuan-Man Xu; Anning Cheng; Minghua Zhang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Aircraft Microphysical Documentation from Cloud Base to Anvils of Hailstorm Feeder Clouds in Argentina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Documentation during January and February 2000 of the structure of severe convective storms in Mendoza, Argentina, with a cloud-physics jet aircraft penetrating the major feeder clouds from cloud base to the ?45°C isotherm level is reported. ...

Daniel Rosenfeld; William L. Woodley; Terrence W. Krauss; Viktor Makitov

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Biogeography of Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. Part I: Remote Sensing of Cloud-Base Heights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-base heights over tropical montane cloud forests are determined using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) cloud products and National Centers for Environmental Prediction global tropospheric final analysis (FNL) fields. ...

Ronald M. Welch; Salvi Asefi; Jian Zeng; Udaysankar S. Nair; Qingyuan Han; Robert O. Lawton; Deepak K. Ray; Vani Starry Manoharan

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

The Experimental Cloud Lidar Pilot Study (ECLIPS) for Cloud—Radiation Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Experimental Cloud Lidar Pilot Study (ECLIPS) was initiated to obtain statistics on cloud-base height, extinction, optical depth, cloud brokenness, and surface fluxes. Two observational phases have taken place, in October-December 1989 and ...

C. M. Platt; S. A. Young; A. I. Carswell; S. R. Pal; M. P. McCormick; D. M. Winker; M. DelGuasta; L. Stefanutti; W. L. Eberhard; M. Hardesty; P. H. Flamant; R. Valentin; B. Forgan; G. G. Gimmestad; H. Jäger; S. S. Khmelevtsov; I. Kolev; B. Kaprieolev; Da-ren Lu; K. Sassen; V. S. Shamanaev; O. Uchino; Y. Mizuno; U. Wandinger; C. Weitkamp; A. Ansmann; C. Wooldridge

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Estimation of Cloud Physical Parameters from Airborne Solar Spectral Reflectance Measurements for Stratocumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method is proposed to retrieve various cloud physical parameters of water clouds from the solar-flux reflectances at four wavelengths measured by using the airborne Multi-channel Cloud Pyranometer (MCP) system. The MCP system was designed ...

Shoji Asano; Masataka Shiobara; Akihiro Uchiyama

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Arctic Cloud Characteristics as Derived from MODIS, CALIPSO, and CloudSat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Cloud–Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP), and CloudSat Cloud Profiling Radar (CPR) set of sensors, all in the Afternoon Constellation (A-Train), has been regarded as among ...

Mark Aaron Chan; Josefino C. Comiso

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Kinetics of Cloud Drop Formation and Its Parameterization for Cloud and Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study the kinetics of drop nucleation in clouds, the integro–differential equation for integral water supersaturation in cloud is derived and analyzed. Solving the supersaturation equation with an algebraic form of the cloud condensation ...

Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov; Judith A. Curry

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Observed Relationships between Arctic Longwave Cloud Forcing and Cloud Parameters Using a Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A neural network technique is used to quantify relationships involved in cloud–radiation feedbacks based on observations from the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) project. Sensitivities of longwave cloud forcing (CFL) to cloud parameters ...

Yonghua Chen; Filipe Aires; Jennifer A. Francis; James R. Miller

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

ARM - Field Campaign - Cloud IOP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsCloud IOP govCampaignsCloud IOP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Cloud IOP 1998.04.27 - 1998.05.17 Lead Scientist : Gerald Mace For data sets, see below. Summary Monday, April 27, 1998 IOP Opening Activities: Heavy rain (nearly 2.5" since 12Z 4/26/98) at the central facility (CF) dominated the first day of the Cloud Physics/Single Column Model IOP and limited the daily activities. A 1430 GMT sonde launch commenced the 3-hour sonde launch schedule at the CF and 4 boundary facilities (BFs). Scientists/Instrumentation on Site: Citation: Has arrived and is located at the Ponca City Airport. No flights are currently planned. Flights are tentatively planned for stratus sampling when precipitation ends.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Clouds, Aerosols and Precipitation in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean May 2009-December 2010 May 2009-December 2010 Rob Wood, University of Washington Rob Wood, University of Washington AMF Deployment Team Thanks to Mark Miller: AMF Site Scientist Mark Miller: AMF Site Scientist Kim Nitschke: AMF Site Manager CAP-MBL Proposal Team Importance of Low-Clouds for Climate Imperative that we understand the processes controlling the formation, maintenance and dissipation of low clouds in order to formation, maintenance and dissipation of low clouds in order to improve their representation in climate models. Which clouds matter for climate sensitivity? Cli t F db k

202

NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in this clause is a natural extension to the ... which take advantage of the homogeneity and power of cloud ... such as WS-I) and grid standards (such as ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

203

Fractal Statistics of Cloud Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) and Thematic Mapper (TM) data, with 80 and 30 m spatial resolution, respectively, have been employed to study the spatial structure of boundary-layer and intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) clouds. The ...

Robert F. Cahalan; Joachim H. Joseph

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Cloud Cover and Climate Sensitivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study discusses how the sensitivity of climate may be affected by the variation of cloud cover based on the results from numerical experiments with a highly simplified, three-dimensional model of the atmospheric general circulation. The ...

Richard T. Wetherald; Syukuro Manabe

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Cloud computing for dynamic systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is a fast emerging model for enabling dynamic on-demand computing and IT-based services. It promotes dynamic properties and characteristics such as scalability, agility, flexibility, virtualised and distributed on-demand computing. However, ...

Khaled Sabry

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Breaking the Cloud Parameterization Deadlock  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key factor limiting the reliability of simulations of anthropogenic climate change is the inability to accurately represent the various effects of clouds on climate. Despite the best efforts of the community, the problem has resisted solution ...

David Randall; Marat Khairoutdinov; Akio Arakawa; Wojciech Grabowski

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The Hercules-Aquila Cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present evidence for a substantial overdensity of stars in the direction of the constellations of Hercules and Aquila. The Cloud is centered at a Galactic longitude of about 40 degrees and extends above and below the Galactic plane by at least 50 degrees. Given its off-centeredness and height, it is unlikely that the Hercules-Aquila Cloud is related to the bulge or thick disk. More likely, this is a new structural component of the Galaxy that passes through the disk. The Cloud stretches about 80 degrees in longitude. Its heliocentric distance lies between 10 and 20 kpc so that the extent of the Cloud in projection is roughly 20 kpc by 15 kpc. It has an absolute magnitude of -13 and its stellar population appears to be comparable to, but somewhat more metal-rich than, M92.

Belokurov, V; Bell, E F; Irwin, M J; Hewett, P C; Koposov, S; Rockosi, C M; Gilmore, G; Zucker, D B; Fellhauer, M; Wilkinson, M I; Bramich, D M; Vidrih, S; Rix, H W; Beers, T C; Schneider, D P; Barentine, J C; Brewington, H; Brinkmann, J; Harvanek, M; Krzesínski, J; Long, D; Pan, K; Snedden, S A; Malanushenko, O; Malanushenko, V

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

The Hercules-Aquila Cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present evidence for a substantial overdensity of stars in the direction of the constellations of Hercules and Aquila. The Cloud is centered at a Galactic longitude of about 40 degrees and extends above and below the Galactic plane by at least 50 degrees. Given its off-centeredness and height, it is unlikely that the Hercules-Aquila Cloud is related to the bulge or thick disk. More likely, this is a new structural component of the Galaxy that passes through the disk. The Cloud stretches about 80 degrees in longitude. Its heliocentric distance lies between 10 and 20 kpc so that the extent of the Cloud in projection is roughly 20 kpc by 15 kpc. It has an absolute magnitude of -13 and its stellar population appears to be comparable to, but somewhat more metal-rich than, M92.

V. Belokurov; N. W. Evans; E. F. Bell; M. J. Irwin; P. C. Hewett; S. Koposov; C. M. Rockosi; G. Gilmore; D. B. Zucker; M. Fellhauer; M. I. Wilkinson; D. M. Bramich; S. Vidrih; H. -W. Rix; T. C. Beers; D. P. Schneider; J. C. Barentine; H. Brewington; J. Brinkmann; M. Harvanek; J. Krzesinski; D. Long; K. Pan; S. A. Snedden; O. Malanushenko; V. Malanushenko

2007-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

209

Measurement of a Magnetic Field in a Leading Arm High Velocity Cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a recent catalogue of extragalactic Faraday rotation derived from the NRAO VLA Sky Survey we have found an agreement between Faraday rotation structure and the HI emission structure of a High Velocity Cloud (HVC) associated with the Leading Arm of the Magellanic System. We suggest that this morphological agreement is indicative of Faraday rotation through the HVC. Under this assumption we have used 48 rotation measures through the HVC, together with estimates of the electron column density from H-\\alpha\\ measurements and QSO absorption lines to estimate a strength for the line-of-sight component of the coherent magnetic field in the HVC of > 6 {\\rm \\mu G}$. A coherent magnetic field of this strength is more than sufficient to dynamically stabilize the cloud against ram pressure stripping by the Milky Way halo and may also provide thermal insulation for the cold cloud. We estimate an upper limit to the ratio of random to coherent magnetic field of $B_{r}/B_{||} < 0.8$, which suggests that the random ...

McClure-Griffiths, N M; Gaensler, B M; McConnell, D; Schnitzeler, D H F M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Microphysical Properties of Single and Mixed-Phase Arctic Clouds...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abstract A novel new approach to retrieve cloud microphysical properties from mixed-phase clouds is presented. This algorithm retrieves cloud optical depth, ice fraction, and...

211

An Improved Cloud Classification Algorithm Based on the SGP CART...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

studies which need to group clouds according to cloud types, but also provides necessary information to implement different retrieval algorithms to generate integrated cloud...

212

Stochastic Faraday Rotation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Different ray paths through a turbulent plasma can produce stochastic Faraday rotation leading to depolarization of any linearly polarized component. Simple theory predicts that the average values of the Stokes parameters decay according to $$, $\\propto\\exp(-\\delta_l)$, with $\\delta_l\\propto\\lambda^4$. It is pointed out that a definitive test for such depolarization is provided by the fact that $$ remains constant while $^2+^2$ decreases $\\propto\\exp(-2\\delta_l)$. The averages to which this effect, called polarization covariance, should apply are discussed; it should apply to spatial averages over a polarization map or temporal averages over a data set, but not to beamwidth and bandwidth averages that are intrinsic to the observation process. Observations of depolarization would provide statistical information on fluctuations in the turbulent plasma along the line of sight, specifically, the variance of the rotation measure. Other effects that can also cause depolarization are discussed.

D. B. Melrose; J. -P. Macquart

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Rotatable seal assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An assembly is provided for rotatably supporting a rotor on a stator so that vacuum chambers in the rotor and stator remain in communication while the chambers are sealed from ambient air, which enables the use of a ball bearing or the like to support most of the weight of the rotor. The apparatus includes a seal device mounted on the rotor to rotate therewith, but shiftable in position on the rotor while being sealed to the rotor as by an O-ring. The seal device has a flat face that is biased towards a flat face on the stator, and pressurized air is pumped between the faces to prevent contact between them while spacing them a small distance apart to avoid the inflow of large amounts of air between the faces and into the vacuum chambers.

Logan, Clinton M. (Pleasanton, CA); Garibaldi, Jack L. (Livermore, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Rotating plug bearing and seal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bearing and seal structure for nuclear reactors utilizing rotating plugs above the nuclear reactor vessel. The structure permits lubrication of bearings and seals of the rotating plugs without risk of the lubricant draining into the reactor vessel below. The structure permits lubrication by utilizing a rotating outer race bearing.

Wade, Elman E. (Ruffs Dale, PA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Cloud-state-dependent Sampling in AIRS Observations based on CloudSat Cloud Classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The precision, accuracy, and potential sampling biases of temperature (T) and water vapor (q) vertical profiles obtained by satellite infrared sounding instruments are highly cloud-state dependent and poorly quantified. We describe progress ...

Qing Yue; Eric J. Fetzer; Brian H. Kahn; Sun Wong; Gerald Manipon; Alexandre Guillaume; Brian Wilson

216

COMMISSIONING SPIN ROTATORS IN RHIC.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the summer of 2002, eight superconducting helical spin rotators were installed into RHIC in order to control the polarization directions independently at the STAR and PHENIX experiments. Without the rotators, the orientation of polarization at the interaction points would only be vertical. With four rotators around each of the two experiments, we can rotate either or both beams from vertical into the horizontal plane through the interaction region and then back to vertical on the other side. This allows independent control for each beam with vertical, longitudinal, or radial polarization at the experiment. In this paper, we present results from the first run using the new spin rotators at PHENIX.

Mackay, W W; Bai, M; Courant, E D; Fischer, W; Huang, H; Luccio, A; Montag, C; Pilat, F; Ptitsyn, V; Roser, T; Satogata, T; Trbojevic, D

2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

217

CARS of Thin Films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... as a thin film diagnostic. Surface enhanced Raman scattering, SERS, has been used to probe the interfacial region of thin polymer films on metal ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

218

Evaluating Global Aerosol Models and Aerosol and Water Vapor Properties Near Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Project goals: (1) Use the routine surface and airborne measurements at the ARM SGP site, and the routine surface measurements at the NSA site, to continue our evaluations of model aerosol simulations; (2) Determine the degree to which the Raman lidar measurements of water vapor and aerosol scattering and extinction can be used to remotely characterize the aerosol humidification factor; (3) Use the high temporal resolution CARL data to examine how aerosol properties vary near clouds; and (4) Use the high temporal resolution CARL and Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) data to quantify entrainment in optically thin continental cumulus clouds.

Richard A. Ferrare; David D. Turner

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Carbon Dioxide and Climate: Mechanisms of Changes in Cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in cloud distribution may provide a major feedback on climate change. General circulation model simulations show an upward shift of high cloud and a general reduction of free-tropospheric cloud when climate warms. The shift of high cloud ...

J. F. B. Mitchell; W. J. Ingram

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

A Critical Review of the Australian Experience in Cloud Seeding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From 1947 to 1994 a number of cloud-seeding experiments were done in Australia based on the static cloud-seeding hypothesis. A critical analysis of these successive cloud-seeding experiments, coupled with microphysical observations of the clouds, ...

Brian F. Ryan; Warren D. King

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Clouds at Arctic Atmospheric Observatories. Part II: Thermodynamic Phase Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud phase defines many cloud properties and determines the ways in which clouds interact with other aspects of the climate system. The occurrence fraction and characteristics of clouds distinguished by their phase are examined at three Arctic ...

Matthew D. Shupe

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Evaluation of AIRS cloud thermodynamic phase determination with CALIPSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) infrared-based cloud thermodynamic phase retrievals are evaluated using the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) cloud thermodynamic phase. The AIRS cloud phase is ...

Hongchun Jin; Shaima L. Nasiri

223

Influence of Cloud Condensation Nuclei on Orographic Snowfall  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pollution aerosols acting as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) have the potential to alter warm rain clouds via the aerosol first and second indirect effects in which they modify the cloud droplet population, cloud lifetime and size, rainfall ...

Stephen M. Saleeby; William R. Cotton; Douglas Lowenthal; Randolph D. Borys; Melanie A. Wetzel

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Effects of ice particle size vertical inhomogeneity on the passive remote sensing of ice clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solar reflectance bi-spectral (SRBS) and infrared split-window (IRSpW) methods are two of the most popular techniques for passive ice cloud property retrievals from multispectral imagers. Ice clouds are usually assumed to be vertically homogeneous in global operational algorithms based on these methods, although significant vertical variations of ice particle size are typically observed in ice clouds. In this study we investigate uncertainties in retrieved optical thickness, effective particle size, and ice water path introduced by a homogeneous cloud assumption in both the SRBS and IRSpW methods, and focus on whether the assumption can lead to significant discrepancies between the two methods. The study simulates the upwelling spectral radiance associated with vertically structured clouds and passes the results through representative SRBS and IRSpW retrieval algorithms. Cloud optical thickness is limited to values for which IRSpW retrievals are possible (optical thickness less than about 7). When the ice cloud is optically thin and yet has a significant ice particle size vertical variation, it is found that both methods tend to underestimate the effective radius and ice water path. The reason for the underestimation is the nonlinear dependence of ice particle scattering properties (extinction and single scattering albedo) on the effective radius. Because the nonlinearity effect is stronger in the IRSpW than the SRBS method, the IRSpW-based IWP tends to be smaller than the SRBS counterpart. When the ice cloud is moderately optically thick and ice particle size increases monotonically towards cloud base, the two methods are in qualitative agreement; in the event that ice particle size decreases towards cloud base, the effective radius and ice water path retrievals based on the SRBS method are substantially larger than those from the IRSpW. The main findings of this study suggest that the homogenous cloud assumption can affect the SRBS and IRSpW methods to different extents and, consequently, can lead to significantly different retrievals. Therefore caution should be taken when comparing and combining the ice cloud property retrievals from these two methods.

Zhang, Zhibo; Platnick, Steven; Yang, Ping; Heidinger, Andrew K.; Comstock, Jennifer M.

2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

225

Ice in Clouds Experiment–Layer Clouds. Part II: Testing Characteristics of Heterogeneous Ice Formation in Lee Wave Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heterogeneous ice nucleation is a source of uncertainty in models that represent ice clouds. The primary goal of the Ice in Clouds Experiment–Layer Clouds (ICE-L) field campaign was to determine if a link can be demonstrated between ice ...

P. R. Field; A. J. Heymsfield; B. J. Shipway; P. J. DeMott; K. A. Pratt; D. C. Rogers; J. Stith; K. A. Prather

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Cloud Detection with MODIS. Part II: Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An assessment of the performance of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) cloud mask algorithm for Terra and Aqua satellites is presented. The MODIS cloud mask algorithm output is compared with lidar observations from ground [...

S. A. Ackerman; R. E. Holz; R. Frey; E. W. Eloranta; B. C. Maddux; M. McGill

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Cloud Color and Ocean Radiant Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well recognized that clouds regulate the flux of solar radiation reaching the sea surface. Clouds also affect the spectral distribution of incident irradiance. Observations of spectral and total incident solar irradiance made from the ...

David A. Siegel; Toby K. Westberry; J. Carter Ohlmann

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Near-Global Observations of Low Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes several near-global datasets of low cloud cover, including the the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) satellite observations, C. J. Hahn et al. surface-derived observations, and the National Centers for ...

Bryan C. Weare

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Analytical Solutions for Cloud-Drop Concentration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note compares and evaluates the analytical solutions of Squires and Twomey for cloud droplet concentration. Either solution is likely to be fairly accurate (±30%) when the slope parameter (?) of the cloud condensation nuclei distribution is ...

David B. Johnson

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Comparison of ISCCP and Other Cloud Amounts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new 8-year global cloud climatology has been produced by the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) that provides information every 3 h at 280-km spatial resolution covering the period from July 1983 through June 1991. If ...

William B. Rossow; Alison W. Walker; Leonid C. Garder

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

ARM - Field Campaign - Spring Cloud IOP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsSpring Cloud IOP govCampaignsSpring Cloud IOP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Spring Cloud IOP 2000.03.01 - 2000.03.26 Lead Scientist : Gerald Mace For data sets, see below. Summary The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program conducted a Cloud Intensive Operational Period (IOP) in March 2000 that was the first-ever effort to document the 3-dimensional cloud field from observational data. Prior numerical studies of solar radiation propagation through the atmosphere in the presence of clouds have been limited by the necessity to use theoretical representations of clouds. Three-dimensional representations of actual clouds and their microphysical properties, such as the distribution of ice and water, had previously not been possible

232

Ground-based Microwave Cloud Tomography  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microwave Cloud Tomography Microwave Cloud Tomography Experiment, SGP, May 15-June 15, 2009 Lead Scientist Dong Huang, BNL Co-Investigators Al Gasiewski, UC Boulder Maria Cadeddu, ANL Warren Wiscombe, BNL Radiation Processes Working Group March 30, 2009 multiple radiometers All good cloud radiation modelers should close their airplane window shades so as not to be corrupted by the spectacle of real 3D clouds. - Roger Davies In case you forget to do this, you see 3/30/2009 ARM RPWG 2 Effects of cloud structure on radiation 3/30/2009 ARM RPWG 3 Typical climate model - Cloud fraction & mean water content - Horizontally uniform clouds, no side radiation - Assumption on overlap Courtesy of Bernhard Mayer Cloud structure important to radiation - Cumulus (Benner & Evans 2001, Pincus et al. 2005), deep convection (DiGiuseppe &

233

Entrainment and Detrainment in Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical redistribution of air and its properties inside convective clouds can be studied by standard thermodynamic analyses (Paluch and saturation point diagrams) if the clouds are nonprecipitating and ice free. It is shown from such analysis ...

Gregory R. Taylor; Marcia B. Baker

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

A Focus On Mixed-Phase Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phase composition and microphysical structure of clouds define the manner in which they modulate atmospheric radiation and contribute to the hydrologic cycle. Issues regarding cloud phase partitioning and transformation come to bear directly ...

Matthew D. Shupe; John S. Daniel; Gijs de Boer; Edwin W. Eloranta; Pavlos Kollias; Edward P. Luke; Charles N. Long; David D. Turner; Johannes Verlinde

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Tropical Thermostats and Low Cloud Cover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of subtropical stratus low cloud cover to moderate or amplify the tropical response to climate forcing such as increased CO2 is considered. Cloud radiative forcing over the subtropics is parameterized using an empirical relation ...

R. L. Miller

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Cloud Condensation Nuclei and Ship Tracks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enhancements of droplet concentrations in clouds affected by four ships were fairly accurately predicted from ship emission factors and plume and background cloud condensation nucleus (CCN) spectra. Ship exhausts thus accounted for the increased ...

James G. Hudson; Timothy J. Garrett; Peter V. Hobbs; Scott R. Strader; Yonghong Xie; Seong Soo Yum

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Global Cloud Climatologies: A Historical Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate global cloud information is required for many climate studies, particularly for validation of climate model simulations. This paper reviews the cloud climatologies currently available, identifying and attempting to explain the ...

N. A. Hughes

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comprehensive dataset describing tropical cloud systems and their environmental setting and impacts has been collected during the Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) and Aerosol and Chemical Transport in Tropical ...

Peter T. May; James H. Mather; Geraint Vaughan; Keith N. Bower; Christian Jakob; Greg M. McFarquhar; Gerald G. Mace

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Simultaneous Occurrence of Different Cloud Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud observations from land stations and from ships in the ocean are used to investigate the frequency of observation and the co-occurrence of different cloud types, and the geographical and seasonal variations of these co-occurrences. Ground-...

Stephen G. Warren; Carole J. Hahn; Julius London

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Radar and Radiation Properties of Ice Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors derive relations of the equivalent radar reflectivity Ze and extinction coefficient ? of ice clouds and confirm the theory by in situ aircraft observations during the First International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project Regional ...

David Atlas; Sergey Y. Matrosov; Andrew J. Heymsfield; Ming-Dah Chou; David B. Wolff

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Scale Localization of Cloud Particle Clustering Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent work has examined the spatial distribution of droplets within a cloud. Experimentally, most studies analyze interevent times from static probes flown linearly through a cloud, allowing the spatial information to be conveyed through a time ...

Michael L. Larsen

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

ARM - Field Campaign - Fall 1997 Cloud IOP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and with surface instruments. Cloud types of interest included single-layer liquid phase, ice-phase, and mixed-phase clouds, as well as multi-layered conditions. To some degree,...

243

Cloud Particle Phase Determination with the AVHRR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An accurate determination of cloud particle phase is required for the retrieval of other cloud properties from satellite and for radiative flux calculations in climate models. The physical principles underlying phase determination using the ...

Jeffrey R. Key; Janet M. Intrieri

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Aquaplanets, Climate Sensitivity, and Low Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud effects have repeatedly been pointed out as the leading source of uncertainty in projections of future climate, yet clouds remain poorly understood and simulated in climate models. Aquaplanets provide a simplified framework for comparing ...

Brian Medeiros; Bjorn Stevens; Isaac M. Held; Ming Zhao; David L. Williamson; Jerry G. Olson; Christopher S. Bretherton

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Satellite Remote Sensing of Multiple Cloud Layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goals of the current study are threefold: 1) to present a multispectral, multiresolution (MSMR) methodology for analysis of scenes containing multiple cloud layers; 2) to apply the MSMR method to two multilevel cloud scenes recorded by the ...

B.A. Baum; T. Uttal; M. Poellot; T.P. Ackerman; J.M. Alvarez; J. Intrieri; D.O'C. Starr; J. Titlow; V. Tovinkere; E. Clothiaux

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Precipitation and Cloud Structure in Midlatitude Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composite mean fields and probability distribution functions (PDFs) of rain rate, cloud type and cover, cloud-top temperature, surface wind velocity, and water vapor path (WVP) are constructed using satellite observations of midlatitude cyclones ...

Paul R. Field; Robert Wood

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Cloud Optical Thickness Estimation from Irradiance Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative transfer algorithms are developed to estimate the optical thickness of clouds using an irradiance detector located above, deep within, and beneath a cloud. Both monodirectional and diffuse illumination cases are considered. For each ...

H. C. Yi; N. J. McCormick; R. Sanchez

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Does Mixing Promote Cloud Droplet Growth?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic examination of cloud droplet size spectra from the Cooperative Convective Precipitation Experiment (CCOPE) reveals no tendency for an increase in the maximum droplet size with increasing dilution or cloud age.

Ilga R. Paluch; Charles A. Knight

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Cirrus clouds in a global climate model with a statistical cirrus cloud scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

supersaturation in mixed-phase clouds is the saturation vapor pressure weighted by the proportions of ice to be in the liquid phase for clouds warmer than -35ÂşC, and is assumed to be in the ice phase for cirrus clouds. The conversion of this detrained condensate from liquid phase into the ice phase in the mixed-phase clouds

Meskhidze, Nicholas

250

SPACE4CLOUD: a tool for system performance and costevaluation of cloud systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing is assuming a relevant role in the world of web applications and web services. Cloud technologies allow to build dynamic systems which are able to adapt their performance to workload fluctuations delegating to the Cloud Provider the intensive ... Keywords: cloud computing, model-driven software development, performance prediction

Davide Franceschelli; Danilo Ardagna; Michele Ciavotta; Elisabetta Di Nitto

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

ARM - Measurement - Cloud optical depth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

optical depth optical depth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud optical depth Amount of light cloud droplets or ice particles prevent from passing through a column of atmosphere. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites Field Campaign Instruments EC-CONVAIR580-BULK : Environment Canada Convair 580 Bulk Parameters GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites

252

A compact rotating dilution refrigerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the design and performance of a new rotating dilution refrigerator that will primarily be used for investigating the dynamics of quantized vortices in superfluid 4He. All equipment required to operate the refrigerator and perform experimental measurements is mounted on two synchronously driven, but mechanically decoupled, rotating carousels. The design allows for relative simplicity of operation and maintenance and occupies a minimal amount of space in the laboratory. Only two connections between the laboratory and rotating frames are required for the transmission of electrical power and helium gas recovery. Measurements on the stability of rotation show that rotation is smooth to around 0.001 rad/s up to angular velocities in excess of 2.5 rad/s. The behavior of a high-Q mechanical resonator during rapid changes in rotation has also been investigated.

Fear, M J; Chorlton, D A; Zmeev, D E; Gillott, S J; Sellers, M C; Richardson, P P; Agrawal, H; Batey, G; Golov, A I

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Standards Acceleration to Jumpstart Adoption of Cloud ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Standards Acceleration to Jumpstart Adoption of Cloud Computing (SAJACC). The goal of the SAJACC initiative is to drive ...

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

254

Vertical Mixing in Clear Air and Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The realization that clouds are diluted by the entrainment of dry air from outside the cloud boundaries began more than 40 years ago. Cloud-top entrainment was first clearly recognized by Squires in 1958. Warner and Squires showed that the ...

James W. Telford; Steven K. Chai

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Cloud service selection based on variability modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The selection among Cloud services is a recent problem in research and practice. The diversity of decision-relevant criteria, configurability of Cloud services and the need to involve human decision-makers require holistic support through models, methodologies ... Keywords: cloud service selection, decision-making, feature modeling, variability modeling

Erik Wittern; Jörn Kuhlenkamp; Michael Menzel

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The CloudBrowser web application framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CloudBrowser is a web application framework that supports the development of rich Internet applications whose entire user interface and application logic resides on the server, while all client/server communication is provided by the framework. CloudBrowser ... Keywords: ajax, cloud applications, paas, remote display, server-centric, web application framework

Brian McDaniel; Godmar Back

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Efficient Mushroom Cloud Simulation on GPU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a method to simulate the Mushroom Cloud efficient on GPU using advanced particle system, and our particle system is a state-preserving simulation system. We provide the visual-only model of Mushroom Cloud and we divide the Mushroom ... Keywords: Floating Point Textures, GPU (Graphics Processing Unit), Mushroom Cloud simulation, particle system, state-preserving simulation

Xingquan Cai; Jinhong Li; Zhitong Su

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Cloud-Cover Distributions and Correlations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of cloud cover (in oktas or tenths) by ground-based observers have been studied to investigate the distribution of cloud-cover amounts and the correlation of cloud cover in time and space. The correlation between observations at the ...

P. A. Jones

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Large scale data analytics on clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We summarize important overall issues affecting use of clouds to support Data Science. We describe the mapping of different applications to HPCC and Cloud systems and the architecture that support data analytics that is interoperable between these architectures. Keywords: clouds, data science, exascale, hpcc, iterative mapreduce, mapreduce, mpi, programming paradigms

Geoffrey C. Fox

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Adaptive resource configuration for Cloud infrastructure management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To guarantee the vision of Cloud Computing QoS goals between the Cloud provider and the customer have to be dynamically met. This so-called Service Level Agreement (SLA) enactment should involve little human-based interaction in order to guarantee the ... Keywords: Autonomic Computing, Case-Based Reasoning, Cloud Computing, Knowledge management, Resource management, Rule-based system

Michael Maurer; Ivona Brandic; Rizos Sakellariou

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Cloud Application Architectures: Building Applications and Infrastructure in the Cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Much is said about the advantages and risks of cloud computing, but how do you actually create a web application for this environment or migrate existing applications to it? With this book, you'll learn the programming and system administration skills ...

George Reese

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

When Clouds become Green: the Green Open Cloud Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. They differ from Grids as explained in [2] and can be part of the next-generation data centers with ensl to the requirements of distributed applications. Cloud systems provide on-demand computing power and storage, so of the electric cost of a virtual machine in Section 2. Section 3 outlines the architecture and the components

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

263

Accounting for Circumsolar and Horizon Cloud Determination Errors in Sky Image Inferral of Sky Cover  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accounting for Circumsolar and Horizon Cloud Determination Errors in Sky Accounting for Circumsolar and Horizon Cloud Determination Errors in Sky Image Inferral of Sky Cover. C. N. Long, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 1) Introduction In observing the cloudless sky, one can often notice that the area near the sun is whiter and brighter than the rest of the hemisphere. Additionally, even a slight haze will make a large angular area of the horizon whiter and brighter when the sun is low on the horizon. The human eye has an amazing ability to handle a range of light intensity spanning orders of magnitude. But one of the persistent problems in using sky images to infer fractional sky cover is the intensity range limitations of the camera detector. It is desirable to have bright enough images to be able to detect thin clouds, yet this often means the part of the image near the

264

Positive perspectives on cloud security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The adoption of cloud computing has faced challenges and there are concerns about the risks, the loss of control of data and the assurance of security and access control. This paper aims to show that these should be viewed as requirements which need ...

Piers Wilson

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Autonomous Participation in Cloud Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Cyber-Physical System (CPS) is a combination of multiple physical devices connected and organised by a central controlling infrastructure using a feedback-loop mechanism. In order to increase the autonomy of CPS they must be connected to rich cloud ... Keywords: autonomic computing, service science, cyber-physical systems

Josef Spillner; Christian Piechnick; Claas Wilke; Uwe Abmann; Alexander Schill

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Solar Control Thin Films Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sputtering equipment Solar Control Thin Films Laboratory The Solar Control Thin Films lab develops novel thin film coatings, deposition technologies, and device systems for...

267

Coupling Aerosol-Cloud-Radiative Processes in the WRF-Chem Model: Investigating the Radiative Impact of Elevated Point Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The local and regional influence of elevated point sources on summertime aerosol forcing and cloud-aerosol interactions in northeastern North America was investigated using the WRF-Chem community model. The direct effects of aerosols on incoming solar radiation were simulated using existing modules to relate aerosol sizes and chemical composition to aerosol optical properties. Indirect effects were simulated by adding a prognostic treatment of cloud droplet number and adding modules that activate aerosol particles to form cloud droplets, simulate aqueous phase chemistry, and tie a two-moment treatment of cloud water (cloud water mass and cloud droplet number) to an existing radiation scheme. Fully interactive feedbacks thus were created within the modified model, with aerosols affecting cloud droplet number and cloud radiative properties, and clouds altering aerosol size and composition via aqueous processes, wet scavenging, and gas-phase-related photolytic processes. Comparisons of a baseline simulation with observations show that the model captured the general temporal cycle of aerosol optical depths (AODs) and produced clouds of comparable thickness to observations at approximately the proper times and places. The model slightly overpredicted SO2 mixing ratios and PM2.5 mass, but reproduced the range of observed SO2 to sulfate aerosol ratios, suggesting that atmospheric oxidation processes leading to aerosol sulfate formation are captured in the model. The baseline simulation was compared to a sensitivity simulation in which all emissions at model levels above the surface layer were set to zero, thus removing stack emissions. Instantaneous, site-specific differences for aerosol and cloud related properties between the two simulations could be quite large, as removing above-surface emission sources influenced when and where clouds formed within the modeling domain. When summed spatially over the finest resolution model domain (the extent of which corresponds to the typical size of a single GCM grid cell) and temporally over a three day analysis period, total rainfall in the sensitivity simulation increased by 31% over that in the baseline simulation. Fewer optically thin clouds, arbitrarily defined as a cloud exhibiting an optical depth less than 1, formed in the sensitivity simulation. Domain-averaged AODs dropped from 0.46 in the baseline simulation to 0.38 in the sensitivity simulation. The overall net effect of additional aerosols attributable to primary particulates and aerosol precursors from point source emissions above the surface was a domain-averaged reduction of 5 W m-2 in mean daytime downwelling shortwave radiation.

Chapman, Elaine G.; Gustafson, William I.; Easter, Richard C.; Barnard, James C.; Ghan, Steven J.; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Fast, Jerome D.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

EA-1852: Cloud County Community College Wind Energy Project, Cloud County,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Cloud County Community College Wind Energy Project, Cloud 2: Cloud County Community College Wind Energy Project, Cloud County, Kansas EA-1852: Cloud County Community College Wind Energy Project, Cloud County, Kansas Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to authorize the expenditure of federal funds by Cloud County Community College (CCCC) for a wind energy project. CCCC has installed three wind turbines and proposes to install a fourth turbine on their campus in Concordia, Kansas, for use in their wind energy training curriculum and to provide electricity for their campus. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download January 10, 2011 EA-1852: Notice of Scoping Cloud County Community College Wind Energy Technology Project, Cloud

269

TWP-ICE Data from the GEWEX Cloud System Study: Data Integration for Model Evaluation (GCSSDIME)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

One of the most complete data sets of tropical cirrus and convection observations resulted from the Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) in the area around Darwin, Australia. The aim of the experiment is to examine convective cloud systems from their initial stages through the decaying and thin high level cirrus and measure their impact on the environment. The experiment design includes an unprecedented array of soundings and other information to support cloud resolving and other modeling studies as well as a large range of in-situ and remotely sensed observation platforms. A key component of the field campaign is a fleet of aircraft including the Dornier, Dimona, Egrett, Twin Otter, and Proteus. Together, these aircraft collected measurements of cloud properties and the meteorological environment from the planetary boundary layer up to 15 km high. The extensive ground network of cloud sensing radar, lidar and passive instruments are located on a ship and several ground sites throughout the experimental domain. This case study presents data from 19 Jan 2006 to 28 Feb 2006 and covers a region from 25S to 10S latitude and from 125E to 140E longitude.[Copied from http://gcss-dime.giss.nasa.gov/twp-ice/twp-ice.html

270

Cooling system for rotating machine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electrical machine comprising a rotor is presented. The electrical machine includes the rotor disposed on a rotatable shaft and defining a plurality of radial protrusions extending from the shaft up to a periphery of the rotor. The radial protrusions having cavities define a fluid path. A stationary shaft is disposed concentrically within the rotatable shaft wherein an annular space is formed between the stationary and rotatable shaft. A plurality of magnetic segments is disposed on the radial protrusions and the fluid path from within the stationary shaft into the annular space and extending through the cavities within the radial protrusions.

Gerstler, William Dwight (Niskayuna, NY); El-Refaie, Ayman Mohamed Fawzi (Niskayuna, NY); Lokhandwalla, Murtuza (Clifton Park, NY); Alexander, James Pellegrino (Ballston Lake, NY); Quirion, Owen Scott (Clifton Park, NY); Palafox, Pepe (Schenectady, NY); Shen, Xiaochun (Schenectady, NY); Salasoo, Lembit (Schenectady, NY)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

271

Radiation Parameterization for Three-Dimensional Inhomogeneous Cirrus Clouds Applied to ARM Data and Climate Models  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

OAK-B135 (a) We developed a 3D radiative transfer model to simulate the transfer of solar and thermal infrared radiation in inhomogeneous cirrus clouds. The model utilized a diffusion approximation approach (four-term expansion in the intensity) employing Cartesian coordinates. The required single-scattering parameters, including the extinction coefficient, single-scattering albedo, and asymmetry factor, for input to the model, were parameterized in terms of the ice water content and mean effective ice crystal size. The incorporation of gaseous absorption in multiple scattering atmospheres was accomplished by means of the correlated k-distribution approach. In addition, the strong forward diffraction nature in the phase function was accounted for in each predivided spatial grid based on a delta-function adjustment. The radiation parameterization developed herein is applied to potential cloud configurations generated from GCMs to investigate broken clouds and cloud-overlapping effects on the domain-averaged heating rate. Cloud inhomogeneity plays an important role in the determination of flux and heating rate distributions. Clouds with maximum overlap tend to produce less heating than those with random overlap. Broken clouds show more solar heating as well as more IR cooling as compared to a continuous cloud field (Gu and Liou, 2001). (b) We incorporated a contemporary radiation parameterization scheme in the UCLA atmospheric GCM in collaboration with the UCLA GCM group. In conjunction with the cloud/radiation process studies, we developed a physically-based cloud cover formation scheme in association with radiation calculations. The model clouds were first vertically grouped in terms of low, middle, and high types. Maximum overlap was then used for each cloud type, followed by random overlap among the three cloud types. Fu and Liou's 1D radiation code with modification was subsequently employed for pixel-by-pixel radiation calculations in the UCLA GCM. We showed that the simulated cloud cover and OLR fields without special tuning are comparable to those of ISCCP dataset and the results derived from radiation budget experiments. Use of the new radiation and cloud schemes enhances the radiative warming in the middle to upper tropical troposphere and alleviates the cold bias in the UCLA atmospheric GCM. We also illustrated that ice crystal size and cloud inhomogeneous are significant factors affecting the radiation budgets at the top of the atmosphere and the surface (Gu et al. 2003). (c) An innovative approach has been developed to construct a 3D field of inhomogeneous clouds in general and cirrus in particular in terms of liquid/ice water content and particle size on the basis of a unification of satellite and ground-based cloud radar data. Satellite remote sensing employing the current narrow-band spectro-radiometers has limitation and only the vertically integrated cloud parameters (optical depth and mean particle size) can be determined. However, by combining the horizontal cloud mapping inferred from satellites with the vertical structure derived from the profiling Doppler cloud radar, a 3D cloud field can be constructed. This represents a new conceptual approach to 3D remote sensing and imaging and offers a new perspective in observing the cloud structure. We applied this novel technique to AVHRR/NOAA satellite and mm-wave cloud radar data obtained from the ARM achieve and assessed the 3D cirrus cloud field with the ice crystal size distributions independently derived from optical probe measurements aboard the University of North Dakota Citation. The retrieved 3D ice water content and mean effective ice crystal size involving an impressive cirrus cloud occurring on April 18, 1997, are shown to be comparable to those derived from the analysis of collocated and coincident in situ aircraft measurements (Liou et al. 2002). (d) Detection of thin cirrus with optical depths less than 0.5, particularly those occurring i n the tropics remains a fundamental problem in remote sensing. We developed a new detection scheme for the

Kuo-Nan Liou

2003-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

Rotation With Industry | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rotation With Industry Rotation With Industry 7ROTATIONWITHINDUSTRY.pdf More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialINITIALENTRYO...

273

Mammatus Clouds as a Response to Cloud-Base Radiative Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mammatus clouds are the pouchlike lobes seen hanging from mid- to high-level clouds. They can look quite dramatic, but they are also interesting because they provide clues to what controls anvil cirrus dynamic evolution. Thus far, the most ...

Timothy J. Garrett; Clinton T. Schmidt; Stina Kihlgren; Céline Cornet

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Variations in Cloud Cover and Cloud Types over the Ocean from Surface Observations, 1954–2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic weather observations from ships throughout the World Ocean have been analyzed to produce a climatology of total cloud cover and the amounts of nine cloud types. About 54 million observations contributed to the climatology, which now ...

Ryan Eastman; Stephen G. Warren; Carole J. Hahn

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

A Comparison of Seeded and Nonseeded Orographic Cloud Simulations with an Explicit Cloud Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice initiation by specific cloud seeding aerosols, quantified in laboratory studies, has been formulated for use in mesoscale numerical cloud models. This detailed approach, which explicitly represents artificial ice nuclei activation, is unique ...

Michael P. Meyers; Paul J. Demott; William R. Cotton

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

An Automated Cloud-Edge Detection Algorithm Using Cloud Physics and Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An automated cloud-edge detection algorithm was developed and extensively tested. The algorithm uses in situ cloud physics data measured by a research aircraft coupled with ground-based weather radar measurements to determine whether the aircraft ...

Jennifer G. Ward; Francis J. Merceret

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Radiative Transfer in Cirrus Clouds. Part IV: On Cloud Geometry, Inhomogeneity, and Absorption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of cloud geometry and inhomogeneity on the radiative properties of cirrus clouds are investigated by using the successive orders of scattering (SOS) approach for radiative transfer. This approach is an integral solution method that em ...

K. N. Liou; N. Rao

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Properties of Tropical Cloud Ensembles Estimated Using a Cloud Model and an Observed Updraft Population  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple cloud model is developed which is designed for both diagnostic studies and mesoscale cumulus parameterization experiments. The cloud model is combined with an observed population of tropical convective updrafts and used to examine the ...

William M. Frank; Charles Cohen

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Relating Satellite-Observed Cloud Properties from MODIS to Meteorological Conditions for Marine Boundary Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines 6 yr of cloud properties observed by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on board the NASA Terra satellite in five prominent marine boundary layer (MBL) cloud regions (California, Peru, Canary, Angola, ...

Guang J. Zhang; Andrew M. Vogelmann; Michael P. Jensen; William D. Collins; Edward P. Luke

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Relationships between Total Water, Condensed Water, and Cloud Fraction in Stratiform Clouds Examined Using Aircraft Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relationships among total water, condensed water, and cloud fraction in boundary layer and cold tropospheric stratiform clouds are investigated using a large observational dataset collected by the U.K. Met. Office C-130 aircraft. Values of the ...

Robert Wood; Paul R. Field

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The Radiative, Cloud, and Thermodynamic Properties of the Major Tropical Western Pacific Cloud Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the radiative, cloud, and thermodynamic characteristics of the atmosphere separated into objectively defined cloud regimes in the tropical western Pacific (TWP). A cluster analysis is applied to 2 yr of daytime-only data ...

Christian Jakob; George Tselioudis; Timothy Hume

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

GEWEX Cloud System Study (GCSS) Working Group 4: Precipitating Convective Cloud Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present the objectives of the working group on precipitating convective cloud systems. These center on developing physically based parameterizations for global models in which basic research into the large-scale role of cloud systems ...

Mitchell W. Moncrieff; Steven K. Krueger; David Gregory; Jean-Luc Redelsperger; Wei-Kuo Tao

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

The Retrieval of Ice-Cloud Properties from Cloud Radar and Lidar Synergy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds are an important component of the earth’s climate system. A better description of their microphysical properties is needed to improve radiative transfer calculations. In the framework of the Earth, Clouds, Aerosols, and Radiation Explorer (...

Claire Tinel; Jacques Testud; Jacques Pelon; Robin J. Hogan; Alain Protat; Julien Delanoë; Dominique Bouniol

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Distinguishing Aerosols from Clouds in Global, Multispectral Satellite Data with Automated Cloud Classification Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach is presented to distinguish between clouds and heavy aerosols with automated cloud classification algorithms developed for the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) program. These new ...

Keith D. Hutchison; Barbara D. Iisager; Thomas J. Kopp; John M. Jackson

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Cirrus Cloud Ice Water Content Radar Algorithm Evaluation Using an Explicit Cloud Microphysical Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of cirrus cloud simulations performed using a model with explicit cloud microphysics is applied to testing ice water content retrieval algorithms based on millimeter-wave radar reflectivity measurements. The simulated ice particle size ...

Kenneth Sassen; Zhien Wang; Vitaly I. Khvorostyanov; Graeme L. Stephens; Angela Bennedetti

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Centrifugal torque in rotating matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal molecular motion in combination with rotation and differences in centrifugal forces causes a torque in matter. The effect is derived for gas but does also exist in liquid and solid matter.

Jonsson, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

ARM - Measurement - Cloud particle size distribution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

size distribution size distribution ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud particle size distribution The number of cloud particles present in any given volume of air within a specified size range, including liquid and ice. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments WSACR : Scanning ARM Cloud Radar, tuned to W-Band (95GHz) Field Campaign Instruments CPI : Cloud Particle Imager CLDAEROSMICRO : Cloud and Aerosol Microphysical Properties

288

DETERMINING REFLECTANCE SPECTRA OF SURFACES AND CLOUDS ON EXOPLANETS  

SciTech Connect

Planned missions will spatially resolve temperate terrestrial planets from their host star. Although reflected light from such a planet encodes information about its surface, it has not been shown how to establish surface characteristics of a planet without assuming known surfaces to begin with. We present a reanalysis of disk-integrated, time-resolved, multiband photometry of Earth obtained by the Deep Impact spacecraft as part of the EPOXI Mission of Opportunity. We extract reflectance spectra of clouds, ocean, and land without a priori knowledge of the numbers or colors of these surfaces. We show that the inverse problem of extracting surface spectra from such data is a novel and extreme instance of spectral unmixing, a well-studied problem in remote sensing. Principal component analysis is used to determine an appropriate number of model surfaces with which to interpret the data. Shrink-wrapping a simplex to the color excursions of the planet yields a conservative estimate of the planet's endmember spectra. The resulting surface maps are unphysical, however, requiring negative or larger-than-unity surface coverage at certain locations. Our ''rotational unmixing'' supersedes the endmember analysis by simultaneously solving for the surface spectra and their geographical distributions on the planet, under the assumption of diffuse reflection and known viewing geometry. We use a Markov Chain Monte Carlo to determine best-fit parameters and their uncertainties. The resulting albedo spectra are similar to clouds, ocean, and land seen through a Rayleigh-scattering atmosphere. This study suggests that future direct-imaging efforts could identify and map unknown surfaces and clouds on exoplanets.

Cowan, Nicolas B.; Strait, Talia E., E-mail: n-cowan@northwestern.edu [Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA), Northwestern University, 2131 Tech Dr., IL 60208 (United States)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment Science...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

aircraft will fly above and within the clouds while radar systems scan through the storm from multiple locations. At the same time, additional ground-based instruments will...

290

Tropical Cloud Life Cycle and Overlap Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Cloud Life Cycle and Overlap Structure Vogelmann, Andrew Brookhaven National Laboratory Jensen, Michael Brookhaven National Laboratory Kollias, Pavlos Brookhaven National...

291

Cloud Properties Working Group Break Out Session  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(Kollias; Albecht) Q2: Growth of ice crystals in different environments: Ice initiation, ice growth regimes, precipitation formation, mixed-phase cloud lifecycle. (Korolev) Q3:...

292

ARM - Evaluation Product - Cloud Classification VAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

properties includes cloud boundaries, thickness, phase, type, and precipitation information, and hence provides a useful tool for evaluation of model simulations and...

293

Magellan: experiences from a Science Cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

computing for science at the Argonne Leadership Computinghow the cloud computing business Argonne NationalLab Argonne, IL model can be used to serve the needs of mid-

Ramakrishnan, Lavanya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Technical Sessions Parameterization of Convective Clouds, Mesoscale...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Convective-Generated Clouds W. R. Cotton Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, CO 80523 This presentation is a summary of research...

295

Trusted Geolocation in the Cloud Technical Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is sponsored by the NIST National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) titled "Trusted Geolocation in the Cloud Technical Demonstration". ...

2013-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

296

VISION: cloud-powered sight for all: showing the cloud what you see  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We argue that for computers to do more for us, we need to show the cloud what we see and embrace cloud-powered sight for mobile users. We present sample applications that will be empowered by this vision, discuss why the timing is right to tackle it, ... Keywords: camera, cloud, computer vision, mobile computing, wearable computing

Paramvir Bahl; Matthai Philipose; Lin Zhong

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Cloud MapReduce: A MapReduce Implementation on Top of a Cloud Operating System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Like a traditional Operating System (OS), a cloud OS is responsible for managing the low level cloud resources and presenting a high level interface to the application programmers in order to hide the infrastructure details. However, unlike a traditional ... Keywords: cloud, mapreduce, Amazon web services

Huan Liu; Dan Orban

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Q-clouds: managing performance interference effects for QoS-aware clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing offers users the ability to access large pools of computational and storage resources on demand. Multiple commercial clouds already allow businesses to replace, or supplement, privately owned IT assets, alleviating them from the burden ... Keywords: cloud computing, resource management, virtualization

Ripal Nathuji; Aman Kansal; Alireza Ghaffarkhah

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

DepSky: dependable and secure storage in a cloud-of-clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing popularity of cloud storage services has lead companies that handle critical data to think about using these services for their storage needs. Medical record databases, power system historical information and financial data are some examples ... Keywords: byzantine quorum systems, cloud computing, cloud storage

Alysson Bessani; Miguel Correia; Bruno Quaresma; Fernando André; Paulo Sousa

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Application of a Cloud Model to Cooling Tower Plumes and Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A steady-state, one-dimensional cloud model has been modified to simulate the growth of plumes (both wet and dry) and clouds from natural and forced draft cooling towers. The modifications to the cloud model are discussed and comparisons are made ...

Harold D. Orville; John H. Hirsch; Laurence E. May

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

On a Natural Environment for Glaciogenic Cloud Seeding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A “climatology” of supercooled cloud tops is presented for southeastern Australia and the western United States, where historic glaciogenic cloud-seeding trials have been located. The climatology finds that supercooled cloud tops are common over ...

Anthony E. Morrison; Steven T. Siems; Michael J. Manton

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Observations of Liquid Water in Orographic Clouds over Elk Mountain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relatively simple orographic clouds forming in winter over Elk Mountain, Wyoming provided useful opportunities for field studies of cloud formation and of ice crystal development. In this paper, the observations of cloud droplet populations ...

Marcia K. Politovich; Gabor Vali

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

On the Global Variation of Precipitating Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment Cloud System Study (GCSS) is to promote the description and understanding of key cloud system processes, with the aim of developing and improving the representation of cloud processes in ...

B. F. Ryan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Cloud Type and Macrophysical Property Retrieval Using Multiple Remote Sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cloud detection algorithm based on ground-based remote sensors has been developed that can differentiate among various atmospheric targets such as ice and water clouds, virga, precipitation, and aerosol layers. Standard cloud type and ...

Zhien Wang; Kenneth Sassen

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

On the Relationship between Sulfate and Cloud Droplet Number Concentrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparisons are drawn between the aerosol cloud microphysical theory implicit in the modeling of Kaufman et al. and the cloud droplet and cloud water sulfate concentrations of Leaitch et al. for the purpose of helping to understand the effect of ...

W. R. Leaitch; G. A. Isaac

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

High-Cloud Horizontal Inhomogeneity and Solar Albedo Bias  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High ice cloud horizontal inhomogeneity is examined using optical depth retrievals from four midlatitude datasets. Three datasets include ice cloud microphysical profiles derived from millimeter cloud radar at the Southern Great Plains ...

Betty Carlin; Qiang Fu; Ulrike Lohmann; Gerald G. Mace; Kenneth Sassen; Jennifer M. Comstock

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Real-time realistic illumination and shading of stratiform clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Realistic rendering of clouds involves solving the complex interaction of light within the cloud and with its environment. Interactive methods achieve efficient cloud rendering by ignoring several lighting effects. However, these effects are visually ...

Antoine Bouthors; Fabrice Neyret; Sylvain Lefebvre

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Large-Scale Parallel Computing of Cloud Resolving Storm Simulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sever thunderstorm is composed of strong convective clouds. In order to perform a simulation of this type of storms, a very finegrid system is necessary to resolve individual convective clouds within a large domain. Since convective clouds are highly ...

Kazuhisa Tsuboki; Atsushi Sakakibara

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

An Analytic Longwave Radiation Formula for Liquid Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Cloud System Study (GCSS) intercomparisons of boundary layer clouds have used a convenient but idealized longwave radiation formula for clouds in their large-eddy simulations (LESs). Under ...

Vincent E. Larson; Kurt E. Kotenberg; Norman B. Wood

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

A Prognostic Cloud Water Parameterization for Global Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An efficient new prognostic cloud water parameterization designed for use in global climate models is described. The scheme allows for life cycle effects in stratiform clouds and permits cloud optical properties to be determined interactively. ...

Anthony D. Del Genio; Mao-Sung Yao; William Kovari; Kenneth K-W. Lo

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

CloudSat as a Global Radar Calibrator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The calibration of the CloudSat spaceborne cloud radar has been thoroughly assessed using very accurate internal link budgets before launch, comparisons with predicted ocean surface backscatter at 94 GHz, direct comparisons with airborne cloud ...

A. Protat; D. Bouniol; E. J. O’Connor; H. Klein Baltink; J. Verlinde; K. Widener

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

An Interactive System for Analysis of Global Cloud Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic images of the global cloud pattern composited from six contemporaneous satellites provide an unprecedented view of the global cloud field. Having horizontal resolution of about 0.5° and temporal resolution of 3 h, the global cloud ...

Karen Woodberry; Ken Tanaka; Harry Hendon; Murry Salby

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Solar Radiative Transfer in Clouds with Vertical Internal Inhomogeneity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the photon transport in inhomogeneous clouds, a Monte Carlo cloud model with internal variation of optical properties is developed. The data for cloud vertical internal inhomogeneity are chosen from published observations. ...

J. Li; D. J. W. Geldart; Petr Chýlek

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Reflected Fluxes for Broken Clouds over a Lambertian Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reflected fluxes are calculated for broken cloudiness (i.e., nonplane parallel) as a function of cloud cover, cloud optical depth, solar zenith angle and surface albedo. These calculations extend previous results for broken cloud reflected fluxes ...

Ronald M. Welch; Bruce A. Wielicki

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Sensitivity of Boundary-layer and Deep Convective Cloud Simulations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

convective clouds using a cloud resolving model (CRM). A CRM usually uses a vertical grid spacing less than 100 m to simulate boundary layer clouds such as shallow cumuli and...

316

Factors Controlling ERBE Longwave Clear Sky and Cloud Forcing Fluxes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The factors controlling the Earth Radiation Budget satellite (ERBS) longwave clear sky and cloud-forcing fluxes are investigated using statistical analyses of the ERBS fluxes with International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) cloud ...

Bryan C. Weare

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Cloud Predictions Diagnosed from Global Weather Model Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Air Force has a long history of investment in cloud analysis and prediction operations. Their need for accurate cloud cover information has resulted in routine production of global cloud analyses (from their RTNEPH analysis model) and ...

Donald C. Norquist

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Racoro Extended-Term Aircraft Observations of Boundary Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A first-of-a-kind, extended-term cloud aircraft campaign was conducted to obtain an in situ statistical characterization of continental boundary layer clouds needed to investigate cloud processes and refine retrieval algorithms. Coordinated by the ...

Andrew M. Vogelmann; Greg M. McFarquhar; John A. Ogren; David D. Turner; Jennifer M. Comstock; Graham Feingold; Charles N. Long; Haflidi H. Jonsson; Anthony Bucholtz; Don R. Collins; Glenn S. Diskin; Hermann Gerber; R. Paul Lawson; Roy K. Woods; Elisabeth Andrews; Hee-Jung Yang; J. Christine Chiu; Daniel Hartsock; John M. Hubbe; Chaomei Lo; Alexander Marshak; Justin W. Monroe; Sally A. McFarlane; Beat Schmid; Jason M. Tomlinson; Tami Toto

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Aerosol Remote Sensing over Clouds Using A-Train Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The detection of aerosol above clouds is critical for the estimate of both the aerosol and cloud radiative impacts. In this study, the authors present a new method to retrieve the aerosol properties over clouds that uses the multiangle ...

F. Waquet; J. Riedi; L. C. Labonnote; P. Goloub; B. Cairns; J-L. Deuzé; D. Tanré

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Defining Marine Boundary Layer Clouds with a Prognostic Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A prognostic cloud scheme is described based on Tiedtke's cloud parameterization for large-scale meteorological models, which uses prognostic equations for both mean liquid water content and cloud fraction. The present work parameterizes the ...

Shouping Wang

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Stable Isotopes in Hailstones. Part I: The Isotopic Cloud Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Equations describing the isotopic balance between five water species (vapor, cloud water, rainwater, cloud ice and graupel)have been incorporated into a one-dimensional steady-state cloud model. The isotope contents of the various water ...

B. Federer; N. Brichet; J. Jouzel

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Cloud Top Liquid Water from Lidar Observations of Marine Stratocumulus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Maine stratus clouds were simultaneously observed by nadir Nd:YAG lidar measurements and in situ cloud physics measurements. A procedure was applied to derive the two-dimensional vertical cross section of the liquid water from within the cloud ...

J. D. Spinhirne; R. Boers; W. D. Hart

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Four Years of Global Cirrus Cloud Statistics Using HIRS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trends in global upper-tropospheric transmissive cirrus cloud cover are beginning to emerge from a four-year cloud climatology using NOAA polar-orbiting High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) multispectral data. Cloud occurrence, ...

Donald P. Wylie; W. Paul Menzel; Harold M. Woolf; Kathleen I. Strabala

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Computing and Partitioning Cloud Feedbacks Using Cloud Property Histograms. Part II: Attribution to Changes in Cloud Amount, Altitude, and Optical Depth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud radiative kernels and histograms of cloud fraction, both as functions of cloud-top pressure and optical depth, are used to quantify cloud amount, altitude, and optical depth feedbacks. The analysis is applied to doubled-CO2 simulations from ...

Mark D. Zelinka; Stephen A. Klein; Dennis L. Hartmann

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Observations of the Interaction between Cumulus Clouds and Warm Stratocumulus Clouds in the Marine Boundary Layer during ASTEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Decoupling of the marine boundary layer beneath stratocumulus clouds and the formation of cumulus clouds at the top of a surface-based mixed layer (SML) have frequently been observed and modeled. When such cumulus clouds penetrate the overlying ...

G. M. Martin; D. W. Johnson; D. P. Rogers; P. R. Jonas; P. Minnis; D. A. Hegg

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The Albedo Field and Cloud Radiative Forcing Produced by a General Circulation Model with Internally Generated Cloud Optics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A spectral general circulation model (GCM) is run for perpetual January with fixed sea surface temperature conditions. It has internally generated, variable cloud optical properties as well as variable cloud arm and heights. The cloud optics are ...

Thomas P. Charlock; V. Ramanathan

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Boundary Layer and Cloud Structure Controls on Tropical Low Cloud Cover Using A-Train Satellite Data and ECMWF Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cloud–Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO), CloudSat radar, and the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) cloud data on the A-Train constellation complemented with the European Centre for ...

Terence L. Kubar; Duane E. Waliser; J-L. Li

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Arctic Ocean Radiative Fluxes and Cloud Forcing Estimated from the ISCCP C2 Cloud Dataset, 1983?1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative fluxes and cloud forcings for the ocean areas of the Arctic are computed from the monthly cloud product of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) for 1983?90. Spatially averaged short-wave fluxes compare well with ...

Axel J. Schweiger; Jeffrey R. Key

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Can Cloud Computing Address the Scientific Computing Requirements...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Can Cloud Computing Address the Scientific Computing Requirements for DOE Researchers? Well, Yes, No and Maybe Can Cloud Computing Address the Scientific Computing Requirements for...

330

Cluster Analysis of Cloud Regimes and Characteristic Dynamics...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and still physically based, and that it concentrates on the dynamics and thermodynamics that are important for cloud development. The cloud regimes that are picked out by...

331

Cloud Computing and Big Data Intersect at NIST, January 15 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud Computing and Big Data Intersect at NIST, January 15-17. ... "Cloud computing and big data are each powerful trends. ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

Final Version of NIST Cloud Computing Definition Published  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... by adopting an authentic cloud, they are more likely to reap the promised benefits of cloud—cost savings, energy savings, rapid deployment and ...

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

333

Assessing Cloud Spatial and Vertical Distribution with Infrared...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Spatial and Vertical Distribution with Infrared Cloud Analyzer I. Genkova and C. N. Long Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington T. Besnard ATMOS SARL Le...

334

Cloud properties derived from the High Spectral Resolution Lidar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud properties derived from the High Spectral Resolution Lidar during MPACE Eloranta, Edwin University of Wisconsin Category: Field Campaigns Cloud properties were derived from...

335

ChemCloud: Chemical e-Science Information Cloud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our Chemical e-Science Information Cloud (ChemCloud) - a Semantic Web based eScience infrastructure - integrates and automates a multitude of databases, tools and services in the domain of chemistry, pharmacy and bio-chemistry available at the Fachinformationszentrum Chemie (FIZ Chemie), at the Freie Universitaet Berlin (FUB), and on the public Web. Based on the approach of the W3C Linked Open Data initiative and the W3C Semantic Web technologies for ontologies and rules it semantically links and integrates knowledge from our W3C HCLS knowledge base hosted at the FUB, our multi-domain knowledge base DBpedia (Deutschland) implemented at FUB, which is extracted from Wikipedia (De) providing a public semantic resource for chemistry, and our well-established databases at FIZ Chemie such as ChemInform for organic reaction data, InfoTherm the leading source for thermophysical data, Chemisches Zentralblatt, the complete chemistry knowledge from 1830 to 1969, and ChemgaPedia the largest and most frequented e-Learning...

Todor, Alexandru; Heineke, Stephan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Cloud-Resolving Model Simulation and Mosaic Treatment of Subgrid Cloud-Radiation Interaction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud-Resolving Model Simulation and Mosaic Treatment Cloud-Resolving Model Simulation and Mosaic Treatment of Subgrid Cloud-Radiation Interaction X. Wu Department of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Iowa State University Ames, Iowa X.-Z. Liang Illinois State Water Survey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Champaign, Illinois Introduction Improving the representation of cloud-radiation interaction is a major challenge for the global climate simulation. The development of cloud-resolving models (CRMs) and the extensive Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARMs) provide a unique opportunity for shading some lights on this problem. Current general circulation models (GCMs) predict cloud cover fractions and hydrometeor concentra- tions only in individual model layers, where clouds are assumed to be horizontally homogeneous in a

337

Private virtual infrastructure for cloud computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing places an organization's sensitive data in the control of a third party, introducing a significant level of risk on the privacy and security of the data. We propose a new management and security model for cloud computing called the Private ...

F. John Krautheim

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

A study of pricing for cloud resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a study of pricing cloud resources in this position paper. Our objective is to explore and understand the interplay between economics and systems designs proposed by recent research. We develop a general model that captures the resource needs ... Keywords: capacity right-sizing, cloud computing, economics, performance guarantees, pricing, throttling

Hong Xu; Baochun Li

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Web data processing on the cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing is emerging as a highly scalable, fault-tolerant, and cost-effective way to process large amounts of information on the Web. Thanks in part to new data processing paradigms designed with the Cloud in mind (such as MapReduce[1], HDFS[2], ...

Shahan Khatchadourian; Mariano Consens; Jerome Simeon

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Satellite Determination of Stratus Cloud Microphysical Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite measurements of liquid water path from SSM/I, broadband albedo from ERBE, and cloud characteristics from ISCCP are used to study stratus regions. An average cloud liquid water path of 0.120 ± 0.032 kg m?2 is derived by dividing the ...

Paquita Zuidema; Dennis L. Hartmann

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Three-Dimensional Cloud Chemistry Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cloud chemistry model is formulated in term of continuity equations for chemical species in the aqueous and aqueous phases within the cloud. The model includes scavenging of SO2, HNO3, HN3, H2O3, and sulphate aerosol particles. Calculations ...

Andre Tremblay; Henry Leighton

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Magellan: experiences from a science cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud resources promise to be an avenue to address new categories of scientific applications including data-intensive science applications, on-demand/surge computing, and applications that require customized software environments. However, there is a ... Keywords: cloud computing, mapreduce, programming model, science, virtual machines

Lavanya Ramakrishnan; Piotr T. Zbiegel; Scott Campbell; Rick Bradshaw; Richard Shane Canon; Susan Coghlan; Iwona Sakrejda; Narayan Desai; Tina Declerck; Anping Liu

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Managing appliance launches in infrastructure clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Infrastructure cloud computing introduces a significant paradigm shift that has the potential to revolutionize how scientific computing is done. However, while it is actively adopted by a number of scientific communities, it is still lacking a well-developed ... Keywords: Nimbus, cloud computing, infrastructure-as-a-service, platform-as-a-service

John Bresnahan; Tim Freeman; David LaBissoniere; Kate Keahey

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Molecular Clouds and Millimetre Michael Burton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Clouds and Millimetre Astronomy Michael Burton School of Physics, University of New South of the Astronomical Society of Australia July 21, 1995 Abstract A condensed summary of molecular cloud astrophysics is presented. Some examples of the power of combining near--IR and mm molecular line observations are given

Burton, Michael

345

Frugal storage for cloud file systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enterprises are moving their IT infrastructure to cloud service providers with the goal of saving costs and simplifying management overhead. One of the critical services for any enterprise is its file system, where users require real-time access to files. ... Keywords: caching, cloud computing, storage, storage cost

Krishna P.N. Puttaswamy; Thyaga Nandagopal; Murali Kodialam

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Walnut: a unified cloud object store  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Walnut is an object-store being developed at Yahoo! with the goal of serving as a common low-level storage layer for a variety of cloud data management systems including Hadoop (a MapReduce system), MObStor (a multimedia serving system), and PNUTS (an ... Keywords: cloud storage, hybrid object store, paxos-based replication

Jianjun Chen; Chris Douglas; Michi Mutsuzaki; Patrick Quaid; Raghu Ramakrishnan; Sriram Rao; Russell Sears

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

ThinFilms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin Films Thin Films Manufacturing Technologies The Thin Film laboratory provides a variety of vapor deposition processes and facilities for cooperative research and development. Available capabilities include electron beam evaporation, sputter deposition, reactive deposi- tion processes, atomic layer deposition (ALD) and specialized techniques such as focused ion beam induced chemical vapor deposition. Equipment can be reconfigured for prototyping, or it can be dedicated to long-term research, development and manufacturing. Most sputter and evaporative deposition systems are capable of depositing multiple materials. Deposition capabilities and expertise * Deposition of a large variety of thin film mate- rials * Multiple sputter deposition systems - Capable of depositing four materials in a

348

Superhydrophobic Thin Film Coatings  

Exploiting its expertise with thin films and superhydrophobic materials, ORNL has developed a simple, inexpensive way to apply and reliably bond ...

349

Thin Films at Interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... internal structure of these films was probed ... provided important information on film composition and ... The PEO polymers form thin adsorbed layers ...

350

ARM - Field Campaign - Boundary Layer Cloud IOP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsBoundary Layer Cloud IOP govCampaignsBoundary Layer Cloud IOP Campaign Links Campaign Images Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Boundary Layer Cloud IOP 2005.07.11 - 2005.08.07 Lead Scientist : William Shaw For data sets, see below. Description Investigators from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists from a number of other institutions, carried out a month of intensive measurements at the ARM Climate Research Facility on the North Slope of Alaska in the summer of 2005. The purpose of these measurements was to determine how much the arctic land surface modifies the way low clouds reflect, absorb, and transmit solar and infrared radiation. This is an important problem because arctic clouds play a prominent role in

351

Nailing Down Ice in a Cloud Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nailing Down Ice in a Cloud Model Nailing Down Ice in a Cloud Model For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http://www.arm.gov/science/highlights/ Research Highlight A research team led by scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory identified specific strengths and weaknesses of four different ice cloud retrieval algorithms. Their comparisons tested the ability of the algorithms to obtain cloud properties from radar and lidar observational measurements. The team noted the sometimes large variances in heating/cooling measurements compared to the observed data. Identifying specific weaknesses will help scientists improve our understanding of cloud properties in the atmosphere, which can be used for climate model development and evaluation. "Measuring the effective size and mass of ice crystals impacts our understanding

352

H2O Maser Emission in Circumstellar Envelopes around AGB Stars: Physical Conditions in Gas-Dust Clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pumping of 22.2-GHz H$_2$O masers in the circumstellar envelopes of asymptotic giant branch stars has been simulated numerically. The physical parameters adopted in the calculations correspond to those of the circumstellar envelope around IK Tau. The one-dimensional plane-parallel structure of the gas-dust cloud is considered. The statistical equilibrium equations for the H$_2$O level populations and the thermal balance equations for the gas-dust cloud are solved self-consistently. The calculations take into account 410 rotational levels belonging to the five lowest vibrational levels of H$_2$O. The stellar radiation field is shown to play an important role in the thermal balance of the gas-dust cloud due to the absorption of emission in rotational-vibrational H$_2$O lines. The dependence of the gain in the 22.2-GHz maser line on the gas density and H$_2$O number density in the gas-dust cloud is investigated. Gas densities close to the mean density of the stellar wind, 10$^7-10^8$ cm$^{-3}$, and a high re...

Nesterenok, Aleksandr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Collapse and expansion in the bright-rimmed cloud SFO 11NE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the results of a search for the double-peaked blue-skewed infall signature in the bright-rimmed cloud core SFO 11NE SMM1. Observations of the optically thick HCO$^{+}$ and optically thin H$^{13}$CO$^{+}$ J=3--2 lines reveal that there is indeed a characteristic double-peaked line profile, but skewed to the red rather than the blue. Modelling of the dust continuum emission and line profiles show that the motions within SFO 11NE SMM1 are consistent with a collapsing central core surrounded by an expanding outer envelope. We show that the collapse is occurring at a similar rate to that expected onto a single solar-mass protostar and is unlikely to represent the large-scale collapse of gas onto the infrared cluster seen at the heart of SFO 11NE SMM1. The outer envelope is expanding at a much greater rate than that expected for a photoevaporated flow from the cloud surface. The modelled expansion is consistent with the bulk cloud re-expansion phase predicted by radiative-driven implosion models of cometary clouds.

M. A Thompson; G. J. White

2004-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

354

ISLAND AND SHIP TRAIL CLOUDS: THE ROSETTA STONE OF CLOUDS, POLLUTION, AND CLIMATE?  

SciTech Connect

Cloud/Climate Feedback is a combination of words known to be important but extremely difficult to quantify or even assign a direction. A 4 % increase in boundary layer clouds would cool the earth as much as a doubling of CO{sub 2} would warm it (Randall et al, 1984). Studies have shown that warmer sea surface temperatures are associated with fewer clouds (Oreopoulos and Davies, 1992). We do not know how much of this effect is due to direct solar warming of surface water in the absence of clouds. We also know there are more eastern ocean marine boundary layer clouds in summer than winter. Do warmer sea surface temperatures or more summer-like conditions best represent global warming? Twomey, 1974 has proposed that increasing aerosol pollution would lead to brighter clouds (indirect aerosol effect). This relationship does have determined sign (i.e. cooling) but is very difficult to quantify. Cloud trails from ships and islands hold the potential of addressing Cloud/Climate Feedback by observing atmospheric response to large perturbations in turbulence and aerosol. However, before cloud trails can be used as a Rosetta Stone connecting pollution and climate, much more needs to be understood about the micro- and macrophysics of cloud trails.

W. PORCH; S. WINIECKI; L. O' STEEN

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Holder for rotating glass body  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is provided for holding and centering a rotating glass body such as a rod or tube. The device includes a tubular tip holder which may be held in a lathe chuck. The device can utilize a variety of centering tips each adapted for a particular configuration, such as a glass O-ring joint or semi-ball joint.

Kolleck, Floyd W. (Clarendon Hills, IL)

1978-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

356

Rotating control head applications increasing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rotating control head technology has become an important tool for lowering drilling costs and increasing well productivity, especially in many hard-rock areas and mature oil and gas fields. Lower drilling costs are achieved primarily by the faster penetration rates, reduced nondrilling time, and reduced mud volume requirements associated with underbalanced drilling. Greater well productivity can sometimes be obtained because of reduced formation damage for mud. Recent advances in rotating head technology have increased the range of well conditions to which this technology can be applied. Even though the use of rotating control heads is growing rapidly, this topic has been largely neglected in most well control training programs. Many engineers are not yet familiar with this important emerging technology and some of the modern concepts and practices used. The paper discusses the high-pressure rotating head and its application to gas or air drilling, flow drilling, geothermal drilling, overbalanced drilling and workover operations. The paper also discusses operating guidelines and rig crew training.

Bourgoyne, A.T. Jr. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1995-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

357

Hydrogen rotation-vibration oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser system is described wherein molecular species of hydrogen and hydrogen isotopes are induced to oscillate on rotational-vibrational levels by subjecting the hydrogen to a transverse beam of electrons of a narrowly defined energy between about 1 and 5 eV, thereby producing high intensity and high energy output. (Official Gazette)

Rhodes, C.K.

1974-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

358

Wave-Driven Rotation In Centrifugal Mirrors  

SciTech Connect

Centrifugal mirrors use supersonic rotation to provide axial confinement and enhanced stability. Usually the rotation is produced using electrodes, but these electrodes have limited the rotation to the Alfven critical ionization velocity, which is too slow to be useful for fusion. Instead, the rotation could be produced using radio frequency waves. A fixed azimuthal ripple is a simple and efficient wave that could produce rotation by harnessing alpha particle energy. This is an extension of the alpha channeling effect. The alpha particle power and efficiency in a simulated devices is sufficient to produce rotation without external energy input. By eliminating the need for electrodes, this opens new opportunities for centrifugal traps.

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

359

Towards a Generic Security Framework for Cloud Data Management Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Providing an adequate security level in Cloud Environments is currently an extremely active research area. More specifically, malicious behaviors targeting large-scale Cloud data repositories e.g., Denial of Service attacks may drastically degrade the ... Keywords: Cloud Computing, Cloud Storage Service, Denial of Service, Policy Enforcement, Security

Alexandra Carpen-Amarie; Alexandru Costan; Catalin Leordeanu; Cristina Basescu; Gabriel Antoniu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Role of Data Communications in Hybrid Cloud Costs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rapid adoption of cloud services in recent years has been driven by multiple factors, such as faster time-to-market and improved scalability enabled by public cloud infrastructure. Hybrid clouds, combining the in-house capacities with on-demand capacity ... Keywords: hybrid cloud, cost model, data communications cost

Oleksiy Mazhelis; Pasi Tyrvainen

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Possible Aerosol Effects on Ice Clouds via Contact Nucleation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The indirect effect of aerosols on water clouds, whereby aerosol particles change cloud optical properties, is caused by aerosol-induced changes of the size and number of cloud droplets. This affects the lifetime of the water clouds as well as ...

Ulrike Lohmann

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Personal Storage Grid Architecture: Consuming Cloud Data Space Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On-demand cloud applications like online email accounts and online virtual disk space are becoming widely available in various forms. In cloud applications, one can see the importance of underlying resources, such as disk space, that is available to ... Keywords: Cloud Applications, Cloud Computing, Data Flow Architecture, Data Management, Grid Computing

Mian-Guan Lim; Sining Wu; Tomasz Simon; Md Rashid; Na Helian

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Portability and interoperability between clouds: challenges and case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The greatest challenge beyond trust and security for the long-term adoption of cloud computing is the interoperability between clouds. In the context of world-wide tremendous activities against the vendor lock-in and lack of integration of cloud computing ... Keywords: cloud computing, interoperability, portability

Dana Petcu

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Scanning ARM Cloud Radar Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The scanning ARM cloud radar (SACR) is a polarimetric Doppler radar consisting of three different radar designs based on operating frequency. These are designated as follows: (1) X-band SACR (X-SACR); (2) Ka-band SACR (Ka-SACR); and (3) W-band SACR (W-SACR). There are two SACRs on a single pedestal at each site where SACRs are deployed. The selection of the operating frequencies at each deployed site is predominantly determined by atmospheric attenuation at the site. Because RF attenuation increases with atmospheric water vapor content, ARM's Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) sites use the X-/Ka-band frequency pair. The Southern Great Plains (SGP) and North Slope of Alaska (NSA) sites field the Ka-/W-band frequency pair. One ARM Mobile Facility (AMF1) has a Ka/W-SACR and the other (AMF2) has a X/Ka-SACR.

Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N; Johnson, K

2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

365

ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convective processes play a critical role in the Earth's energy balance through the redistribution of heat and moisture in the atmosphere and their link to the hydrological cycle. Accurate representation of convective processes in numerical models is vital towards improving current and future simulations of Earths climate system. Despite improvements in computing power, current operational weather and global climate models are unable to resolve the natural temporal and spatial scales important to convective processes and therefore must turn to parameterization schemes to represent these processes. In turn, parameterization schemes in cloud-resolving models need to be evaluated for their generality and application to a variety of atmospheric conditions. Data from field campaigns with appropriate forcing descriptors have been traditionally used by modelers for evaluating and improving parameterization schemes.

Mike Jensen; Mary Jane Bartholomew; Anthony Del Genio; Scott Giangrande; Pavlos Kollias

2012-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

366

ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Convective processes play a critical role in the Earth's energy balance through the redistribution of heat and moisture in the atmosphere and their link to the hydrological cycle. Accurate representation of convective processes in numerical models is vital towards improving current and future simulations of Earths climate system. Despite improvements in computing power, current operational weather and global climate models are unable to resolve the natural temporal and spatial scales important to convective processes and therefore must turn to parameterization schemes to represent these processes. In turn, parameterization schemes in cloud-resolving models need to be evaluated for their generality and application to a variety of atmospheric conditions. Data from field campaigns with appropriate forcing descriptors have been traditionally used by modelers for evaluating and improving parameterization schemes.

Mike Jensen; Mary Jane Bartholomew; Anthony Del Genio; Scott Giangrande; Pavlos Kollias

367

A Prognostic Parameterization for the Subgrid-Scale Variability of Water Vapor and Clouds in Large-Scale Models and Its Use to Diagnose Cloud Cover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parameterization for the horizontal subgrid-scale variability of water vapor and cloud condensate is introduced, which is used to diagnose cloud fraction in the spirit of statistically based cloud cover parameterizations. High-resolution cloud-...

Adrian M. Tompkins

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

CloudMonitor: Profiling Power Usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Cloud Computing platforms the addition of hardware monitoring devices to gather power usage data can be impractical or uneconomical due to the large number of machines to be metered. CloudMonitor, a monitoring tool that can generate power models for software-based power estimation, can provide insights to the energy costs of deployments without additional hardware. Accurate power usage data leads to the possibility of Cloud providers creating a separate tariff for power and therefore incentivizing software developers to create energy-efficient applications.

Smith, James William; Ward, Jonathan Stuart; Sommerville, Ian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Rain initiation time in turbulent warm clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a mean-field model that describes droplet growth due to condensation and collisions and droplet loss due to fallout. The model allows for an effective numerical simulation. We study how the rain initiation time depends on different parameters. We also present a simple model that allows one to estimate the rain initiation time for turbulent clouds with an inhomogeneous concentration of cloud condensation nuclei. In particular, we show that over-seeding even a part of a cloud by small hygroscopic nuclei one can substantially delay the onset of precipitation.

Falkovich, G; Vucelja, M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Rain initiation time in turbulent warm clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a mean-field model that describes droplet growth due to condensation and collisions and droplet loss due to fallout. The model allows for an effective numerical simulation. We study how the rain initiation time depends on different parameters. We also present a simple model that allows one to estimate the rain initiation time for turbulent clouds with an inhomogeneous concentration of cloud condensation nuclei. In particular, we show that over-seeding even a part of a cloud by small hygroscopic nuclei one can substantially delay the onset of precipitation.

G. Falkovich; M. G. Stepanov; M. Vucelja

2004-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

371

Towards a Characterization of Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Towards a Characterization of Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds Towards a Characterization of Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds Shupe, Matthew CIRES/NOAA/ETL Kollias, Pavlos Brookhaven National Laboratory Category: Cloud Properties Mixed-phase clouds play a unique role in the Arctic, where the delicate balance of phases in these clouds can have a profound impact on the surface radiation balance and various cloud-atmosphere-radiation-surface feedback processes. A better understanding of these clouds is clearly important and has been a recent objective of the ARM program. To this end, multiple sensors including radar, lidar, and temperature soundings, have been utilized in an automated cloud type classification scheme for clouds observed at the North Slope of Alaska site. The performance of this new algorithm at identifying mixed-phase cloud conditions is compared with an

372

Validation of Satellite-Based Objective Overshooting Cloud-Top Detection Methods Using CloudSat Cloud Profiling Radar Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two satellite infrared-based overshooting convective cloud-top (OT) detection methods have recently been described in the literature: 1) the 11-?m infrared window channel texture (IRW texture) method, which uses IRW channel brightness temperature (...

Kristopher M. Bedka; Richard Dworak; Jason Brunner; Wayne Feltz

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Parameterizing Size Distribution in Ice Clouds  

SciTech Connect

PARAMETERIZING SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS IN ICE CLOUDS David L. Mitchell and Daniel H. DeSlover ABSTRACT An outstanding problem that contributes considerable uncertainty to Global Climate Model (GCM) predictions of future climate is the characterization of ice particle sizes in cirrus clouds. Recent parameterizations of ice cloud effective diameter differ by a factor of three, which, for overcast conditions, often translate to changes in outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) of 55 W m-2 or more. Much of this uncertainty in cirrus particle sizes is related to the problem of ice particle shattering during in situ sampling of the ice particle size distribution (PSD). Ice particles often shatter into many smaller ice fragments upon collision with the rim of the probe inlet tube. These small ice artifacts are counted as real ice crystals, resulting in anomalously high concentrations of small ice crystals (D < 100 µm) and underestimates of the mean and effective size of the PSD. Half of the cirrus cloud optical depth calculated from these in situ measurements can be due to this shattering phenomenon. Another challenge is the determination of ice and liquid water amounts in mixed phase clouds. Mixed phase clouds in the Arctic contain mostly liquid water, and the presence of ice is important for determining their lifecycle. Colder high clouds between -20 and -36 oC may also be mixed phase but in this case their condensate is mostly ice with low levels of liquid water. Rather than affecting their lifecycle, the presence of liquid dramatically affects the cloud optical properties, which affects cloud-climate feedback processes in GCMs. This project has made advancements in solving both of these problems. Regarding the first problem, PSD in ice clouds are uncertain due to the inability to reliably measure the concentrations of the smallest crystals (D < 100 µm), known as the “small mode”. Rather than using in situ probe measurements aboard aircraft, we employed a treatment of ice cloud optical properties formulated in terms of PSD parameters in combination with remote measurements of thermal radiances to characterize the small mode. This is possible since the absorption efficiency (Qabs) of small mode crystals is larger at 12 µm wavelength relative to 11 µm wavelength due to the process of wave resonance or photon tunneling more active at 12 µm. This makes the 12/11 µm absorption optical depth ratio (or equivalently the 12/11 µm Qabs ratio) a means for detecting the relative concentration of small ice particles in cirrus. Using this principle, this project tested and developed PSD schemes that can help characterize cirrus clouds at each of the three ARM sites: SGP, NSA and TWP. This was the main effort of this project. These PSD schemes and ice sedimentation velocities predicted from them have been used to test the new cirrus microphysics parameterization in the GCM known as the Community Climate Systems Model (CCSM) as part of an ongoing collaboration with NCAR. Regarding the second problem, we developed and did preliminary testing on a passive thermal method for retrieving the total water path (TWP) of Arctic mixed phase clouds where TWPs are often in the range of 20 to 130 g m-2 (difficult for microwave radiometers to accurately measure). We also developed a new radar method for retrieving the cloud ice water content (IWC), which can be vertically integrated to yield the ice water path (IWP). These techniques were combined to determine the IWP and liquid water path (LWP) in Arctic clouds, and hence the fraction of ice and liquid water. We have tested this approach using a case study from the ARM field campaign called M-PACE (Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment). This research led to a new satellite remote sensing method that appears promising for detecting low levels of liquid water in high clouds typically between -20 and -36 oC. We hope to develop this method in future research.

DeSlover, Daniel; Mitchell, David L.

2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

374

Cloud computing: Its history of development, modern state, and future considerations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, the author describes the history of the development, modern state, and future considerations of cloud (diffused) computing as one of the modern innovative technologies. The models of cloud computing and its advantages and disadvantages ... Keywords: cloud computing, cloud data processing, community cloud, information technology, innovative technology, operating system, private cloud, public cloud

V. V. Arutyunov

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Pre-Cloud Aerosol, Cloud Droplet Concentration, and Cloud Condensation Nuclei from the VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere Land Study (VOCALS) Field Campaign First Quarter 2010 ASR Program Metric Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this, the first of a series of Program Metric Reports, we (1) describe archived data from the DOE G-1 aircraft, (2) illustrate several relations between sub-cloud aerosol, CCN, and cloud droplets pertinent to determining the effects of pollutant sources on cloud properties, and (3) post to the data archive an Excel spreadsheet that contains cloud and corresponding sub-cloud data.

Kleinman, LI; Springston, SR; Daum, PH; Lee, Y-N; Sedlacek, AJ; Senum, G; Wang, J

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

376

On computing givens rotations reliably and efficiently  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the efficient and accurate computation of Givens rotations. When f and g are positive real numbers, this simply amounts to computing the values of c = f/?f2 + g2, s ... Keywords: BLAS, Givens rotation, linear algebra

David Bindel; James Demmel; William Kahan; Osni Marques

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Rotation generation and transport in tokamak plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plasma toroidal rotation is a factor important for plasma stability and transport, but it is still a fairly poorly understood area of physics. This thesis focuses on three aspects of rotation: momentum transport, Ohmic ...

Podpaly, Yuri Anatoly

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

The Structures of Summer Convective Clouds in Eastern Montana. I: Natural Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microstructures and precipitation-producing mechanisms in 93 clouds in the vicinity of Miles City, Montana have been explored through airborne measurements.

Peter V. Hobbs; Marcia K. Politovich; Lawrence F. Radke

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Short-Term Arctic Cloud Statistics at NSA from the Infrared Cloud...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

J. A. Shaw and B. Thurairajah Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Montana State University Bozeman, Montana Introduction The infrared cloud imager (ICI) is a...

380

Electrochemical thinning of silicon  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Porous semiconducting material, e.g. silicon, is formed by electrochemical treatment of a specimen in hydrofluoric acid, using the specimen as anode. Before the treatment, the specimen can be masked. The porous material is then etched with a caustic solution or is oxidized, depending of the kind of structure desired, e.g. a thinned specimen, a specimen, a patterned thinned specimen, a specimen with insulated electrical conduits, and so on. Thinned silicon specimen can be subjected to tests, such as measurement of interstitial oxygen by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR). 14 figures.

Medernach, J.W.

1994-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Thin film hydrogen sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film hydrogen sensor, includes: a substantially flat ceramic substrate with first and second planar sides and a first substrate end opposite a second substrate end; a thin film temperature responsive resistor on the first planar side of the substrate proximate to the first substrate end; a thin film hydrogen responsive metal resistor on the first planar side of the substrate proximate to the fist substrate end and proximate to the temperature responsive resistor; and a heater on the second planar side of the substrate proximate to the first end.

Cheng, Yang-Tse (Rochester Hills, MI); Poli, Andrea A. (Livonia, MI); Meltser, Mark Alexander (Pittsford, NY)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Nonequilibrium stationary state for a damped rotator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perturbative construction of the nonequilibrium steady state of a rotator under a stochastic forcing while subject to torque and friction

Giovanni Gallavotti; Alessandra Iacobucci; Stefano Olla

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

383

Gravity controlled anti-reverse rotation device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gravity assisted anti-reverse rotation device for preventing reverse rotation of pumps and the like. A horizontally mounted pawl is disposed to mesh with a fixed ratchet preventing reverse rotation when the pawl is advanced into intercourse with the ratchet by a vertically mounted lever having a lumped mass. Gravitation action on the lumped mass urges the pawl into mesh with the ratchet, while centrifugal force on the lumped mass during forward, allowed rotation retracts the pawl away from the ratchet.

Dickinson, Robert J. (Shaler Township, Allegheny County, PA); Wetherill, Todd M. (Lower Burrell, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Accelerating and rotating black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exact solution of Einstein's equations which represents a pair of accelerating and rotating black holes (a generalised form of the spinning C-metric) is presented. The starting point is a form of the Plebanski-Demianski metric which, in addition to the usual parameters, explicitly includes parameters which describe the acceleration and angular velocity of the sources. This is transformed to a form which explicitly contains the known special cases for either rotating or accelerating black holes. Electromagnetic charges and a NUT parameter are included, the relation between the NUT parameter $l$ and the Plebanski-Demianski parameter $n$ is given, and the physical meaning of all parameters is clarified. The possibility of finding an accelerating NUT solution is also discussed.

J. B. Griffiths; J. Podolsky

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

385

Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storm Peak Lab Cloud Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX) Operated by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility for the U.S. Department of Energy, the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) begins its inaugural deployment November 2010 in Steamboat Springs, Colorado, for the Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment, or STORMVEX. For six months, the comprehensive suite of AMF2 instruments will obtain measurements of cloud and aerosol properties at various sites below the heavily instrumented Storm Peak Lab, located on Mount Werner at an elevation of 3220 meters. The correlative data sets that will be created from AMF2 and Storm Peak Lab will equate to between 200 and 300 in situ aircraft flight hours in liquid, mixed phase, and precipitating

386

Flying Cloud Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flying Cloud Wind Farm Flying Cloud Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Flying Cloud Wind Farm Facility Flying Cloud Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner PPM Energy Inc Developer Clipper Windpower Energy Purchaser Alliant/IES Utilities Location West of Spirit Lake IA Coordinates 43.416975°, -95.422282° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.416975,"lon":-95.422282,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

387

A Global Cloud Resolving Model Goals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Resolving Model Cloud Resolving Model Goals Uniform global horizontal grid spacing of 4 km or better ("cloud permitting") 100 or more layers up to at least the stratopause Parameterizations of microphysics, turbulence (including small clouds), and radiation Execution speed of at least several simulated days per wall-clock day on immediately available systems Annual cycle simulation by end of 2011. Motivations Parameterizations are still problematic. There are no spectral gaps. The equations themselves change at high resolution. GCRMs will be used for NWP within 10 years. GCRMs will be used for climate time-slices shortly thereafter. It's going to take some time to learn how to do GCRMs well. Scaling Science Length, Spatial extent, #Atoms, Weak scaling Time scale

388

Misers gold dust collection and cloud characterization  

SciTech Connect

MISERS GOLD was a surface detonation of 2445 tons of ammonium nitrate-fuel oil blasting agent conducted by the Defense Nuclear Agency for a variety of research purposes. This report presents the results of an experiment designed to study the dust cloud over the 24-hour period following the detonation. The cloud was sampled by aircraft to obtain material needed to characterize the quantity of dust lofted, the source regions of the cloud, and the size, shape, and mineralogical characteristics of the particles. Elemental tracers and organic dyes were emplaced in the charge and in surrounding areas. Analyses were done by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), fluorimetry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Tracer data define the source regions of the dust cloud. Extensive particle size distribution data were obtained. 12 figs.

Mason, A.S.; Finnegan, D.L.; Bayhurst, G.K.; Raymond, R. Jr.; Hagan, R.C.; Luedemann, G.; Wohletz, K.H.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

HPC CLOUD APPLIED TO LATTICE OPTIMIZATION  

SciTech Connect

As Cloud services gain in popularity for enterprise use, vendors are now turning their focus towards providing cloud services suitable for scientific computing. Recently, Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) introduced the new Cluster Compute Instances (CCI), a new instance type specifically designed for High Performance Computing (HPC) applications. At Berkeley Lab, the physicists at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) have been running Lattice Optimization on a local cluster, but the queue wait time and the flexibility to request compute resources when needed are not ideal for rapid development work. To explore alternatives, for the first time we investigate running the Lattice Optimization application on Amazon's new CCI to demonstrate the feasibility and trade-offs of using public cloud services for science.

Sun, Changchun; Nishimura, Hiroshi; James, Susan; Song, Kai; Muriki, Krishna; Qin, Yong

2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

390

Testing a New Cirrus Cloud Parameterizaton  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing a New Cirrus Cloud Parameterization Testing a New Cirrus Cloud Parameterization in NCAR CCM3 D. Zurovac-Jevtic, G. J. Zhang, and V. Ramanathan Center for Atmospheric Sciences Scripps Institute of Oceanography La Jolla, California Introduction Cirrus cloud cover and ice water content (IWC) are the two most important properties of cirrus clouds. However, in general circulation models (GCMs), their treatment is very crude. For example, in the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Climate Model (CCM3), IWC is prescribed as a function of column-integrated water vapor and height (Hack 1998). The in situ observations in the tropics indicate that the cirrus IWC is an order of magnitude larger than what is prescribed in the model (McFarquhar and Heymsfield 1996). The comparison with the International

391

Observations of Marine Stratocumulus Clouds During FIRE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During June and July 1987, a major collaborative experiment (part of The First ISCCP [International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project] Regional Experiment (FIRE) took place off the coast of California to study the extensive fields of ...

Bruce A. Albrecht; David A. Randall; Stephen Nicholls

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Viewing Geometry Dependencies in MODIS Cloud Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characterizing the earth’s global cloud field is important for the proper assessment of the global radiation budget and hydrologic cycle. This characterization can only be achieved with satellite measurements. For complete daily coverage across ...

B. C. Maddux; S. A. Ackerman; S. Platnick

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

A Lightning Parameterization for Numerical Cloud Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new lightning parameterization has been developed to enable cloud models to simulate the location and structure of individual lightning flashes more realistically. To do this, three aspects of previous parameterizations have been modified: 1) ...

Donald R. MacGorman; Jerry M. Straka; Conrad L. Ziegler

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Atmospheric Vorticity Production in Electrified Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rate that vertical vorticity is created or retarded in electrified clouds is calculated from the cross product of the charge gradient and the electrical field and compared with the magnitude of the vertical vorticity produced dynamically. ...

J. Doyne Sartor; John H. Helsdon Jr.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Eastern Pacific Emitted Aerosol Cloud Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aerosol–cloud–radiation interactions are widely held to be the largest single source of uncertainty in climate model projections of future radiative forcing due to increasing anthropogenic emissions. The underlying causes of this uncertainty among modeled ...

Lynn M. Russell; Armin Sorooshian; John H. Seinfeld; Bruce A. Albrecht; Athanasios Nenes; Lars Ahlm; Yi-Chun Chen; Matthew Coggon; Jill S. Craven; Richard C. Flagan; Amanda A. Frossard; Haflidi Jonsson; Eunsil Jung; Jack J. Lin; Andrew R. Metcalf; Robin Modini; Johannes Mülmenstädt; Greg Roberts; Taylor Shingler; Siwon Song; Zhen Wang; Anna Wonaschütz

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Measuring Cloud Properties from Space: A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brief review of observations of clouds using satellites highlights open issues and directions for future studies. The key one is improved treatment of the effects of small-scale spatial inhomogeneity in remote sensing data analyses and in the ...

William B. Rossow

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Cloud Geometry Effects on Atmospheric Solar Absorption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 3D broadband solar radiative transfer scheme is formulated by integrating a Monte Carlo photon transport algorithm with the Fu–Liou radiation model. It is applied to fields of tropical mesoscale convective clouds and subtropical marine boundary ...

Qiang Fu; M. C. Cribb; H. W. Barker; S. K. Krueger; A. Grossman

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Cloud detection of MODIS multispectral images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods coming from statistics and pattern recognition to estimate the cloud mask from radiance measured by visible and infrared sensors onboard satellites are gaining greater and greater consideration for their ability to properly exploit the ...

Loredana Murino; Umberto Amato; Maria Francesca Carfora; Anestis Antoniadis; Bormin Huang; W. Paul Menzel; Carmine Serio

399

The Queensland Cloud Seeding Research Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a response to extreme water shortages in southeast Queensland, Australia, brought about by reduced rainfall and increasing population, the Queensland government decided to explore the potential for cloud seeding to enhance rainfall. The Queensland ...

Sarah A. Tessendorf; Roelof T. Bruintjes; Courtney Weeks; James W. Wilson; Charles A. Knight; Rita D. Roberts; Justin R. Peter; Scott Collis; Peter R. Buseck; Evelyn Freney; Michael Dixon; Matthew Pocernich; Kyoko Ikeda; Duncan Axisa; Eric Nelson; Peter T. May; Harald Richter; Stuart Piketh; Roelof P. Burger; Louise Wilson; Steven T. Siems; Michael Manton; Roger C. Stone; Acacia Pepler; Don R. Collins; V. N. Bringi; M. Thurai; Lynne Turner; David McRae

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Ensemble Cloud Model Applications to Forecasting Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cloud model ensemble forecasting approach is developed to create forecasts that describe the range and distribution of thunderstorm lifetimes that may be expected to occur on a particular day. Such forecasts are crucial for anticipating severe ...

Kimberly L. Elmore; David J. Stensrud; Kenneth C. Crawford

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cloud Thermodynamic Models in Saturation Point Coordinates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One-dimensional thermodynamic models for cloud-environment mixing, evaporation into downdrafts and precipitation from updrafts are presented in a parallel treatment using convective pressure scales and saturation point coordinates. This common ...

Alan K. Betts

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Estimates for Infrared Transfer in Finite Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upper and lower bounds are computed for the infrared radiance within a cloud of finite size. The bounds are established by an iterative procedure, analogous to the iterative solution of the radiative transfer equation, except that at every ...

D. M. O'Brien

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Infrared Propagation Modeling beneath Marine Stratus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Airborne measurements of aerosol size distributions are used to determine the vertical profiles of infrared (IR) extinction and absorption coefficients and asymmetry factors in eight different maritime stratus cloud regimes during unstable ...

H. G. Hughes; C. R. Zeisse

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Subsiding Shells around Shallow Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study large-eddy simulations (LES) are used to gain more knowledge on the shell of subsiding air that is frequently observed around cumulus clouds. First, a detailed comparison between observational and numerical results is presented to ...

Thijs Heus; Harm J. J. Jonker

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

On the Use of Pyrgeometers in Cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laboratory and airborne observations show that the protective hemispheres of aircraft pyrgeometers are partly covered by water when used in cloud. This cover can reduce the incident longwave flux by as much as 60%. Improved agreement between ...

S. G. Bradley; R. G. Gibson

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Interactive Cloud Formation and Climatic Temperature Perturbations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one-dimensional climate model with an interactive cloud formation program is developed to investigate its effects on temperature perturbations due to various radiative forcings including doubling of CO2, a 2% increase of the solar constant and ...

Kuo-Nan Liou; S. C. S. Ou; P. J. Lu

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

The Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-PACE) was conducted from 27 September through 22 October 2004 over the Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) on the North Slope of Alaska. The ...

J. Verlinde; J. Y. Harrington; V. T. Yannuzzi; A. Avramov; S. Greenberg; S. J. Richardson; C. P. Bahrmann; G. M. McFarquhar; G. Zhang; N. Johnson; M. R. Poellot; J. H. Mather; D. D. Turner; E. W. Eloranta; D. C. Tobin; R. Holz; B. D. Zak; M. D. Ivey; A. J. Prenni; P. J. DeMott; J. S. Daniel; G. L. Kok; K. Sassen; D. Spangenberg; P. Minnis; T. P. Tooman; M. Shupe; A. J. Heymsfield; R. Schofield

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

ARM Cloud Retrieval Ensemble Data Set (ACRED)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a new Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) data set, the ARM Cloud Retrieval Ensemble Data Set (ACRED), which is created by assembling nine existing ground-based cloud retrievals of ARM measurements from different cloud retrieval algorithms. The current version of ACRED includes an hourly average of nine ground-based retrievals with vertical resolution of 45 m for 512 layers. The techniques used for the nine cloud retrievals are briefly described in this document. This document also outlines the ACRED data availability, variables, and the nine retrieval products. Technical details about the generation of ACRED, such as the methods used for time average and vertical re-grid, are also provided.

Zhao, C; Xie, S; Klein, SA; McCoy, R; Comstock, JM; Delanoë, J; Deng, M; Dunn, M; Hogan, RJ; Jensen, MP; Mace, GG; McFarlane, SA; O’Connor, EJ; Protat, A; Shupe, MD; Turner, D; Wang, Z

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

409

Factors shaping the future of Cloud Computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many different forces are currently shaping the future of the Cloud Computing Market. End user demand and end user investment in existing technology are important drivers. Vendor innovation and competitive strategy are ...

Francis, Steven (Steven Douglas)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Urban Cloud Condensation Nuclei Spectral Flux  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) spectral flux and the condensation nuclei (CN) flux from an urban area are determined from in situ aircraft measurements at Denver, Colorado. The concentration differences between upwind and downwind cross ...

Paul R. Frisbie; James G. Hudson

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Template:LogoCloud | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the mouse-over behavior Usage For rendering a cloud of logos. Parameters include: query - The query content to pass into the ask query (querying for logos) size - (small,...

412

Cloud Microphysics of the Giant Planets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The predominant cloud microphysical processes for the atmospheres of the giant planets are determined by a comparison of their characteristic time constants. These results are an extension of the earlier microphysical modeling by Rossow to other ...

Barbara E. Carlson; William B. Rossow; Glenn S. Orton

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

A Quest for Effective Hygroscopic Cloud Seeding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown here that hygroscopic seeding requires two orders of magnitude more hygroscopic agent than can be delivered by flare technology for producing raindrop embryos in concentrations to detect by cloud physics aircraft the microphysical ...

Daniel Rosenfeld; Duncan Axisa; William L. Woodley; Ronen Lahav

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Estimating Cloud Type from Pyranometer Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the authors evaluate an inexpensive and automatable method to estimate cloud type at a given location during daylight hours using the time series of irradiance from a pyranometer. The motivation for this investigation is to provide ...

Claude E. Duchon; Mark S. O’Malley

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Performance of Some Airborne Thermometers in Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of airborne instruments to measure temperature in cloud is studied using theoretical analyses and experimental data. Theoretical predictions of the effects of sensor wetting are reviewed and modified, and are then compared to ...

R. Paul Lawson; William A. Cooper

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Predictability Mysteries in Cloud-Resolving Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapid amplification of small-amplitude perturbations by the chaotic nature of the atmospheric dynamics intrinsically limits the skill of deterministic weather forecasts. In this study, limited-area cloud-resolving numerical weather prediction ...

Cathy Hohenegger; Daniel Lüthi; Christoph Schär

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

meeting summary: Perspectives in Cloud Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 13th International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation was held in Reno, Nevada, in August 2000. There were 323 participants from approximately 24 countries in attendance and 355 papers were presented. An evening discussion session ...

John Hallett; George A. Isaac

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

On the Spatial Distribution of Cloud Particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent studies have led to the statistical characterization of the spatial (temporal) distributions of cloud (precipitation) particles as a doubly stochastic Poisson process. This paper arrives at a similar conclusion (larger-than-Poissonian ...

A. B. Kostinski; A. R. Jameson

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

A Technique for Autocalibration of Cloud Lidar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a technique for autocalibration of a cloud lidar is demonstrated. It is shown that the lidar extinction-to-backscatter ratio derived from integrated backscatter for stratocumulus is, in the absence of drizzle, constrained to a ...

Ewan J. O'Connor; Anthony J. Illingworth; Robin J. Hogan

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Planetary waves in rotating ionosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of propagation of ultralong planetary waves in the Earth's upper atmosphere is considered. A new exact solution to the MHD equations for the ionosphere is obtained in spherical coordinates with allowance for the geomagnetic field and Earth's rotation. A general dispersion relation is derived for planetary waves in the ionospheric E and F regions, and the characteristic features of their propagation in a weakly ionized ionospheric plasma are discussed.

Khantadze, A. G.; Jandieri, V. G. [Tbilisi State University (Georgia); Jandieri, G. V. [Georgian Technical University (Georgia)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A study of the advantages & disadvantages of mobile cloud computing versus native environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The advent of cloud computing has enabled the possibility of moving complex calculations and device operations to the “cloud” in an effective way. With cloud… (more)

Almrot, Emil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Long Thin Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In view of the unpredictable and problematic nature of long thin networks (for example, wireless WANs), arriving at an optimized transport is a daunting task. We have reviewed the existing proposals along with future research items. Based on this overview, ...

G. Montenegro; S. Dawkins; M. Kojo; V. Magret; N. Vaidya

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Thin film tritium dosimetry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a method for tritium dosimetry. A dosimeter comprising a thin film of a material having relatively sensitive RITAC-RITAP dosimetry properties is exposed to radiation from tritium, and after the dosimeter has been removed from the source of the radiation, the low energy electron dose deposited in the thin film is determined by radiation-induced, thermally-activated polarization dosimetry techniques.

Moran, Paul R. (Madison, WI)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Interpretation of Multiwavelength-Retrieved Droplet Effective Radii for Warm Water Clouds in Terms of In-Cloud Vertical Inhomogeneity by Using a Spectral Bin Microphysics Cloud Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the impact of in-cloud vertical inhomogeneity on cloud droplet effective radii (CDERs) of water-phase cloud retrieved from 1.6-, 2.1-, and 3.7-?m-band measurements (denoted by r1.6, r2.1, and r3.7, respectively). Discrepancies ...

Takashi M. Nagao; Kentaroh Suzuki; Takashi Y. Nakajima

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Security and privacy implications of cloud computing: lost in the cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud computing - the new paradigm, the future for IT consumer utility, the economy of scale approach, the illusion of un infinite resources availability, yet the debate over security and privacy issues is still undergoing and a common policy framework ... Keywords: cloud computing, data, information, network, privacy, security

Vassilka Tchifilionova

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

The Retrieval of Stratus Cloud Droplet Effective Radius with Cloud Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ samples of cloud droplets by aircraft in Oklahoma in 1997, the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA)/First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE)-Arctic Cloud Experiment (ACE) in 1998, and various other locations around the world were ...

Shelby Frisch; Matthew Shupe; Irina Djalalova; Graham Feingold; Michael Poellot

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Home is safer than the cloud!: privacy concerns for consumer cloud storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several studies ranked security and privacy to be major areas of concern and impediments of cloud adoption for companies, but none have looked into end-users' attitudes and practices. Not much is known about consumers' privacy beliefs and expectations ... Keywords: cloud storage, cross-cultural, privacy, social factors, usability

Iulia Ion; Niharika Sachdeva; Ponnurangam Kumaraguru; Srdjan ?apkun

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

CloudNaaS: a cloud networking platform for enterprise applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enterprises today face several challenges when hosting line-of-business applications in the cloud. Central to many of these challenges is the limited support for control over cloud network functions, such as, the ability to ensure security, performance ... Keywords: datacenter, virtual network

Theophilus Benson; Aditya Akella; Anees Shaikh; Sambit Sahu

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

A Funnel Cloud in a Convective Cloud Line to the Rear of a Surface Cold Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This brief case study describes the unusually benign environment in which a funnel cloud formed along a line of convective towers during the summer in Kansas. The parent cloud line was solitary and very narrow, yet organized on the mesoscale. The ...

Howard B. Bluestein

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Simulations of cirrus clouds using an explicit cloud model: integrating ARM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simulations of cirrus clouds using an explicit cloud model: integrating ARM Simulations of cirrus clouds using an explicit cloud model: integrating ARM water vapor and forcing data for analysis of cirrus formation and evolution Comstock, Jennifer Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Lin, Ruei-Fong NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Starr, David NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Yang, Ping Texas A&M Category: Modeling Understanding the atmospheric conditions required to initiate cirrus formation and produce observed microphysical properties is crucial to improving the representation of cirrus clouds in climate models. Ice formation in cirrus generally occurs at cold temperatures (below -30 ď‚°C) and can take the form of either homogeneous or heterogeneous nucleation. The ice supersaturation required for ice formation is smaller for

431

Evaluation of Cloud Type Occurrences and Radiative Forcings Simulated by a Cloud Resolving Model Using Observations from Sa...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloud Type Occurrences Cloud Type Occurrences and Radiative Forcings Simulated by a Cloud Resolving Model Using Observations from Satellite and Cloud Radar Y. Luo and S. K. Krueger University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah Introduction Because of both the various effects clouds exert on the earth-atmospheric system and the cloud feedback, correct representations of clouds in numerical models are critical for accurate climate modeling and weather forecast. Unfortunately, determination of clouds and their radiative feedback processes is still the weakest component of current general circulation models (e.g., Senior and Mitchell 1993, Cess et al. 1996). Using radiative fluxes at the top of atmosphere (TOA) available from satellite observations made by the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE; Barkstrom 1984), one could assess cloud radiative effects

432

On the Evolution of Thunderstorm Rotation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A vertical velocity field is chosen which imitates that of the initial stages of cloud development as simulated numerically by Wilhelmson and Klemp (1978). Given this, an approximate version of the equation for the vertical component of the ...

Richard Rotunno

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Infrared and Visible Satellite Rain Estimation. Part II: A Cloud Definition Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the relationships between satellite infrared clouds and rainfall, and infrared-threshold visible clouds and rainfall. Clouds are defined by the outline of the 253 K isotherm. Cloud infrared area was highly correlated with rain ...

Andrew J. Negri; Robert F. Adler

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Comparison of 30-Day Integrations with and without Cloud-Radiation Interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parameterization package for cloud-radiation interaction is incorporated into a spectral general circulation model (GCM). Fractional cloud amount is predicted quasi-empirically; cloud optical depth is specified for warm clouds and anvil cirrus, ...

C. T. Gordon

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Influence of Cloud-Base Temperature and Pressure on Droplet Concentration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-base temperature is an important, but often neglected, parameter in the activation of cloud drops. Other factors being equal, clouds with colder bases will activate more condensation nuclei than clouds having warmer bases. In a typical case,...

David B. Johnson

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Interrelationships between Cloud Properties and Sea Surface Temperatures on Seasonal and Interannual Time Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly means of selected variables of the 2.5° International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) C2 total cloud cover (CC), cloud-top pressure (CTP), and cloud water (CW) are statistically related to sea surface temperature (SST). The ...

Bryan C. Weare

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Climatology of High Cloud Dynamics Using Profiling ARM Doppler Radar Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice cloud properties are influenced by cloud-scale vertical air motion. Dynamical properties of ice clouds can be determined via Doppler measurements from ground-based, profiling cloud radars. Here, the decomposition of the Doppler velocities into ...

Heike Kalesse; Pavlos Kollias

438

On the Relationship between Thermodynamic Structure and Cloud Top, and Its Climate Significance in the Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud and thermodynamic characteristics from three Arctic observation sites are investigated to understand the collocation between low-level clouds and temperature inversions. A regime where cloud top was 100–200 m above the inversion base [cloud ...

Joseph Sedlar; Matthew D. Shupe; Michael Tjernström

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

In Situ Cloud Sensing with Multiple Scattering Lidar: Design and Validation of an Airborne Sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The in situ cloud lidar is designed to measure cloud volumes of millions of cubic meters to overcome the sampling limitations of traditional cloud probes in inhomogeneous clouds. This technique sends laser pulses horizontally from an aircraft ...

K. Franklin Evans; Darren O’Connor; Pat Zmarzly; R. Paul Lawson

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Cloud-Base Height Estimates Using a Combination of Meteorological Satellite Imagery and Surface Reports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes how the combination of a satellite-derived cloud classification with surface observations can improve analysis of cloud-base height. A cloud-base retrieval that combines a cloud classification derived from visible and ...

John M. Forsythe; Thomas H. Vonder Haar; Donald L. Reinke

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Reply to Comments on ``Seasonal Variation of the Physical Properties of Marine Boundary Layer Clouds off the California Coast''  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CloudSat and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Stellite Observations (CALIPSO). J. Geophys

442

Cloud classification using whole-sky imager data  

SciTech Connect

Clouds are one of the most important moderators of the earth radiation budget and one of the least understood. The effect that clouds have on the reflection and absorption of solar and terrestrial radiation is strongly influenced by their shape, size, and composition. Physically accurate parameterization of clouds is necessary for any general circulation model (GCM) to yield meaningful results. The work presented here is part of a larger project that is aimed at producing realistic three-dimensional (3D) volume renderings of cloud scenes, thereby providing the important shape information for parameterizing GCMs. The specific goal of the current study is to develop an algorithm that automatically classifies (by cloud type) the clouds observed in the scene. This information will assist the volume rendering program in determining the shape of the cloud. Much work has been done on cloud classification using multispectral satellite images. Most of these references use some kind of texture measure to distinguish the different cloud types and some also use topological features (such as cloud/sky connectivity or total number of clouds). A wide variety of classification methods has been used, including neural networks, various types of clustering, and thresholding. The work presented here utilizes binary decision trees to distinguish the different cloud types based on cloud feature vectors.

Buch, K.A. Jr.; Sun, Chen-Hui

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Short rotation Wood Crops Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report synthesizes the technical progress of research projects in the Short Rotation Woody Crops Program for the year ending September 30, 1989. The primary goal of this research program, sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Biofuels and Municipal Waste Technology Division, is the development of a viable technology for producing renewable feedstocks for conversion to biofuels. One of the more significant accomplishments was the documentation that short-rotation woody crops total delivered costs could be $40/Mg or less under optimistic but attainable conditions. By taking advantage of federal subsidies such as those offered under the Conservation Reserve Program, wood energy feedstock costs could be lower. Genetic improvement studies are broadening species performance within geographic regions and under less-than-optimum site conditions. Advances in physiological research are identifying key characteristics of species productivity and response to nutrient applications. Recent developments utilizing biotechnology have achieved success in cell and tissue culture, somaclonal variation, and gene-insertion studies. Productivity gains have been realized with advanced cultural studies of spacing, coppice, and mixed-species trials. 8 figs., 20 tabs.

Wright, L.L.; Ehrenshaft, A.R.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Thin-film optical initiator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin-film optical initiator having an inert, transparent substrate, a reactive thin film, which can be either an explosive or a pyrotechnic, and a reflective thin film. The resultant thin-film optical initiator system also comprises a fiber-optic cable connected to a low-energy laser source, an output charge, and an initiator housing. The reactive thin film, which may contain very thin embedded layers or be a co-deposit of a light-absorbing material such as carbon, absorbs the incident laser light, is volumetrically heated, and explodes against the output charge, imparting about 5 to 20 times more energy than in the incident laser pulse.

Erickson, Kenneth L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Comparison of Simulated and Observed Continental Tropical Anvil Clouds and Their Radiative Heating Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertically pointing millimeter-wavelength radar observations of anvil clouds extending from mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that pass over an Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) field site in Niamey, Niger, are compared to anvil structures generated by the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) mesoscale model using six different microphysical schemes. The radar data provide the statistical distribution of the radar reflectivity values as a function of height and anvil thickness. These statistics are compared to the statistics of the modeled anvil cloud reflectivity at all altitudes. Requiring the model to be statistically accurate at all altitudes is a stringent test of the model performance. The typical vertical profile of radiative heating in the anvil clouds is computed from the radar observations. Variability of anvil structures from the different microphysical schemes provides an estimate of the inherent uncertainty in anvil radiative heating profiles. All schemes underestimate the optical thickness of thin anvils and cirrus, resulting in a bias of excessive net anvil heating in all of the simulations.

Powell, Scott W.; Houze, R.; Kumar, Anil; McFarlane, Sally A.

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

446

Thin film photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film photovoltaic solar cell which utilizes a zinc phosphide semiconductor is of the homojunction type comprising an n-type conductivity region forming an electrical junction with a p-type region, both regions consisting essentially of the same semiconductor material. The n-type region is formed by treating zinc phosphide with an extrinsic dopant such as magnesium. The semiconductor is formed on a multilayer substrate which acts as an opaque contact. Various transparent contacts may be used, including a thin metal film of the same chemical composition as the n-type dopant or conductive oxides or metal grids. 5 figs.

Catalano, A.W.; Bhushan, M.

1982-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

447

Thin film photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thin film photovoltaic solar cell which utilizes a zinc phosphide semiconductor is of the homojunction type comprising an n-type conductivity region forming an electrical junction with a p-type region, both regions consisting essentially of the same semiconductor material. The n-type region is formed by treating zinc phosphide with an extrinsic dopant such as magnesium. The semiconductor is formed on a multilayer substrate which acts as an opaque contact. Various transparent contacts may be used, including a thin metal film of the same chemical composition as the n-type dopant or conductive oxides or metal grids.

Catalano, Anthony W. (Wilmington, DE); Bhushan, Manjul (Wilmington, DE)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Mesoscale Cloud State Estimation from Visible and Infrared Satellite Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on cloudy atmosphere state estimation from high-resolution visible and infrared satellite remote sensing measurements and a mesoscale model with explicit cloud prediction. The cloud state is defined as 3D spatially distributed ...

T. Vukicevic; T. Greenwald; M. Zupanski; D. Zupanski; T. Vonder Haar; A. S. Jones

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

A TWP-ICE High-Level Cloud Case Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A TWP-ICE High-Level Cloud Case Study Mace, Gerald University of Utah Category: Field Campaigns The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP ICE) was conducted near...

450

Satellite-Observed Reflectance of Snow and Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of snow and cloud cover on bidirectional reflectance were examined using visible radiation (0.5–0.7 ?m) data measured by NOAA polar orbiting satellites between June 1974 and February 1978. Reflectances resulting from different cloud/...

Alan Robock; Dale Kaiser

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

A Numerical Study of Cirrus Clouds. Part I: Model Description  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article, the first of a two-part series, presents a detailed description of a two-dimensional numerical cloud model directed toward elucidating the physical processes governing the evolution of cirrus clouds. The two primary scientific ...

Hui-Chun Liu; Pao K. Wang; Robert E. Schlesinger

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Composite Vertical Structure of Vertical Velocity in Nonprecipitating Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical transects of Doppler vertical velocity data, obtained from an airborne profiling millimeter-wave cloud radar, are composited for a large number of cumulus clouds (Cu) at various stages of their life cycle, to examine typical circulations ...

Yonggang Wang; Bart Geerts

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Automatic Cloud Tracking Applied to GOES and METEOSAT Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improvements to the SRI automatic cloud-tracking system are described that enable it to operate on multilayer clouds associated with severe storms. The improved method has been tested using rapid-scan observations of Hurricane Eloise obtained by ...

Roy M. Endlich; Daniel E. Wolf

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Mixing in Shallow Cumulus Clouds Studied by Lagrangian Particle Tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mixing between shallow cumulus clouds and their environment is studied using large-eddy simulations. The origin of in-cloud air is studied by two distinct methods: 1) by analyzing conserved variable mixing diagrams (Paluch diagrams) and 2) by ...

Thijs Heus; Gertjan van Dijk; Harm J. J. Jonker; Harry E. A. Van den Akker

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Combined Satellite- and Surface-Based Observations of Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for combining satellite and surface-based cloud observations into a self-consistent three-dimensional field is presented. This method derives the probabilities of the cloud states, which are most consistent with all of the ...

Bryan C. Weare

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Variations in Nimbus-7 Cloud Estimates. Part II: Regional Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional estimates of low, middle, high, and total cloud amounts derived from bispectral measurements from Nimbus-7 have been analyzed for the six-year period April 1979 through March 1985. Fractional cloud cover for the three height categories ...

Bryan C. Weare

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Testing Statistical Cloud Scheme Ideas in the GFDL Climate Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing Statistical Cloud Scheme Ideas in the GFDL Climate Model Testing Statistical Cloud Scheme Ideas in the GFDL Climate Model Klein, Stephen Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Pincus, Robert NOAA-CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center Category: Modeling Statistical cloud schemes (or assumed probability distribution function cloud schemes) are attractive because they provide a way to implement horizontal sub-grid scale cloud heterogeneity in a self-consistent way between physical parameterizations of the a climate model, such as radiation and cloud microphysics. In this work, we will present results dealing with two aspects of our ongoing work towards the implementation of statistical cloud scheme ideas in the climate model of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory. First, we will address the representation of cloud

458

On Deriving Vertical Air Motions from Cloud Radar Doppler Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for deriving vertical air motions from cloud radar Doppler spectrum measurements is introduced. The method is applicable to cloud volumes containing small particles, in this case liquid droplets, which are assumed to trace vertical air ...

Matthew D. Shupe; Pavlos Kollias; Michael Poellot; Edwin Eloranta

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Cloud Decoupling of the Surface and Planetary Radiative Budgets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We employ a one-dimensional radiative-convective equilibrium model with multiple cloud layers to demonstrate that the surface equilibrium temperature is highly sensitive to the vertical distribution of effective cloud base heights. It is also ...

Graeme L. Stephens; Peter J. Webster

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Calibrations and performance of the airborne Cloud Extinction Probe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new airborne instrument that measures extinction coefficient ? in clouds and precipitation has been designed by Environment Canada. The Cloud Extinction Probe (CEP) utilizes the transmissiometric method which is based on direct measurement of ...

Alexei Korolev; Alex Shashkov; Howard Barker

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Tropospheric Influence on Solar Ultraviolet Radiation: The Role of Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements obtained from several Robertson-Berger (RB) meters over the course of one year define the role of cloud cover in moderating biologically effective ultraviolet radiation at the Earth's surface. In an annual mean sense, clouds reduce ...

John E. Frederick; Hilary E. Snell

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Cloud computing and its implications for organizational design and performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloud computing has been at the center of attention for a while now. This attention is directed towards different aspects of this concept which concern different stakeholders from IT companies to cloud adopters to simple ...

Farahani Rad, Ali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Cloud computing adoption model for governments and large enterprises  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloud Computing has held organizations across the globe spell bound with its promise. As it moves from being a buzz word and hype into adoption, organizations are faced with question of how to best adopt cloud. Existing ...

Trivedi, Hrishikesh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Solar Radiative Transfer for Wind-Sheared Cumulus Cloud Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Monte Carlo method of photon transport was used to simulate solar radiative transfer for cumulus-like cloud forms (and cloud fields) possessing structural characteristics similar to those induced by wind shear. Using regular infinite arrays ...

Howard W. Barker

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

THOR—Cloud Thickness from Offbeam Lidar Returns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional wisdom is that lidar pulses do not significantly penetrate clouds having an optical thickness exceeding about ? = 2, and that no returns are detectible from more than a shallow skin depth. Yet optically thicker clouds of ? ? 2 ...

Robert F. Cahalan; Matthew McGill; John Kolasinski; Tamás Várnai; Ken Yetzer

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Longwave Cloud Radiative Forcing as Determined from Nimbus-7 Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collocated and coincident cloud and outgoing longwave radiation observations taken by experiments on board the Nimbus-7 satellite have been used to infer the daytime longwave cloud-radiative forcing. Through the specification of a time-series of ...

Philip E. Ardanuy; Larry L. Stowe; Arnold Gruber; Mitchell Weiss; Craig S. Long

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Resource allocation in cloud computing: model and algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides an optimal approach to satisfy cloud user requests and schedule resources within cloud computing environment. The paper exploits the market concept into the interaction among the Software as a Service SaaS services providers, service ...

Chunlin Li; Layuan Li

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

The Origin of Ice in Mountain Cap Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice crystal development in relatively simple layer clouds was studied using airborne instrumentation. The patterns in the development of ice in those clouds suggest that the ice originates in association with the initial condensation process, ...

William A. Cooper; Gabor Vali

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Radiative Transfer in Cloud Fields with Random Geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical results are given to estimate the importance of effects associated with the stochastic geometry of cloud fields. These results show the important of treating radiative transfer in broken clouds as a statistical problem. In the case of ...

Vladimir E. Zuev; Georgii A. Titov

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Saturation Point Representation of Cloud-Top Entrainment Instability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-top entrainment instability was investigated using a mixing line analysis. Mixing time scales are closely related to the actual size of the parcel, so that local instabilities are largely dependent on the scales of mixing near the cloud ...

Reinout Boers

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Combustion Organic Aerosol as Cloud Condensation Nuclei in Ship Tracks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been sampled in marine stratiform clouds to identify the contribution of anthropogenic combustion emissions in activation of aerosol to cloud droplets. The Monterey Area Ship Track experiment provided ...

Lynn M. Russell; Kevin J. Noone; Ronald J. Ferek; Robert A. Pockalny; Richard C. Flagan; John H. Seinfeld

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

TROPIC: transactional resource orchestration platform in the cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Realizing Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) cloud requires a control platform to orchestrate cloud resource provisioning, configuration, and decommissioning across a distributed set of diverse physical resources. This orchestration is challenging due ...

Changbin Liu; Yun Mao; Xu Chen; Mary F. Fernández; Boon Thau Loo; Jacobus E. Van Der Merwe

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Humidity and Particle Fields Around Some Small Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aircraft-borne measurements showed that five small cumulus clouds were surrounded by regions of high humidity out to distances of several cloud radii from their centers. Total particle concentrations in the regions of high humidity were about ...

Lawrence F. Radke; Peter V. Hobbs

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

The Effect of Stochastic Cloud Structure on the Icing Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current understanding of the icing process through collisions between a surface and supercooled cloud droplets is based upon two factors. First, for a given temperature, when the cloud liquid water content, W, exceeds a critical value, wc (the ...

A. R. Jameson; A. B. Kostinski

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Multichannel Satellite Retrieval of Cloud Parameter Probability Distribution Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A retrieval method has been developed to directly retrieve statistics of cloud parameters from Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) visible and infrared imager data. This method retrieves cloud parameter probability density ...

Darren McKague; K. Franklin Evans

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

A Review of Cloud Modeling in Weather Modification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The numerical modeling of clouds has a history almost as long as the modern-day concepts of the seeding of clouds. The various models and theoretical developments emerging from the model results are reviewed in this paper. Significant advances ...

Harold D. Orville

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

A Validation of a Satellite Cloud Retrieval during ASTEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm using NOAA-12 AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) solar reflectance measurements for retrieving cloud droplet size and optical thickness has been applied to a boundary layer stratocumulus cloud in the vicinity of the ...

S. Platnick; Francisco P. J. Valero

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Aircraft Observations of Ice Crystal Evolution in an Altostratus Cloud  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations from a Lagrangian spiral descent within altostratus cloud associated with a cold front were used to study the evolution of ice particle spectra by following populations of ice crystals as they fell through the cloud. The flight track ...

Paul R. Field

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Mass-Flux Budgets of Shallow Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical transport by shallow nonprecipitating cumulus clouds of conserved variables, such as the total specific humidity or the liquid water potential temperature, can be well modeled by the mass-flux approach, in which the cloud field is ...

Stephan R. de Roode; Christopher S. Bretherton

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Alteration of Atmospheric Solar Absorption by Clouds: Simulation and Observation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated theoretically and experimentally two parameters employed in recent attempts to address cloud absorption anomaly. One is the ratio, R, of shortwave cloud radiative forcing (CRF) at the surface to that at the top of the ...

Zhanqing Li; Louis Moreau

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thin cloud rotating" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Transition to cloud computing in healthcare information systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a study on the adoption of cloud computing in healthcare information technology industry. It provides a guideline for people who are trying to bring cloud computing into healthcare information systems through ...

Ren, Haiying, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Measuring Clustering in Clouds Using Non-Rayleigh Signal Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The clustering or clumping of droplets appears to be nearly ubiquitous in clouds. Clustering likely plays roles in a number of different physical processes, from the growth of hail, to snow aggregation, to the growth of raindrops, to cloud ...

A. R. Jameson

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Analysis of Tools Used to Quantify Droplet Clustering in Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spacing of cloud droplets observed along an approximately horizontal line through a cloud may be analyzed using a variety of techniques to reveal structure on small scales, sometimes called clustering, if such structure exists. A number of ...

Brad Baker; R. Paul Lawson

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Spectral Density of Cloud Liquid Water Content at High Frequencies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aircraft measurements of liquid water content (LWC) made at sampling frequencies of 1 and 2 kHz with a particle volume monitor (PVM) probe from horizontal traverses in stratocumulus clouds during the Southern Ocean Cloud Experiment and cumulus ...

H. Gerber; J. B. Jensen; A. B. Davis; A. Marshak; W. J. Wiscombe

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Cloud Properties inferred from 8?12-µm Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A trispectral combination of observations at 8-, 11-, and 12-µm bands is suggested for detecting cloud and cloud properties in the infrared. Atmospheric ice and water vapor absorption peak in opposite halves of the window region so that positive ...

Kathleen I. Strabala; Steven A. Ackerman; W. Paul Menzel

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Cloud Liquid Water and Ice Content Retrieval by Multiwavelength Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud liquid water and ice content retrieval in precipitating clouds by the differential attenuation method using a dual-wavelength radar, as a function of the wavelength pair, is first discussed. In the presence of non-Rayleigh scatterers, ...

Nicolas Gaussiat; Henri Sauvageot; Anthony J. Illingworth

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

A Short-Term Cloud Forecast Scheme Using Cross Correlations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a cloud forecast technique using lag cross correlations. Cloud motion vectors are retrieved at a subset of points through multiple applications of a cross-correlation analysis. An area in the first of two sequential frames of ...

Thomas M. Hamill; Thomas Nehrkorn

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Two Years of Cloud Cover Statistics Using VAS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Statistics of cloud characteristics over North America have been accumulated for the past 2 yr. The frequency of cloud cover with the associated heights and infrared attenuation were charted using the C02 channel radiometric data from the VISSR ...

D. P. Wylie; W. P. Menzel

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Synoptic sensitivities of subtropical clouds separating aerosol effects from meteorology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

identi?ed as liquid, ice, mixed phase, or uncertain. Here wePhase Infrared Day Histogram Counts Cloud Fraction Liquid Cloud Fraction Iceice as well as the di?erent temperatures at which each phase

Mauger, Guillaume S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Vertical Motions in Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratiform Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of Arctic mixed-phase stratiform clouds and their relation to vertical air motions are examined using ground-based observations during the Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (MPACE) in Barrow, Alaska, during fall 2004. The ...

Matthew D. Shupe; Pavlos Kollias; P. Ola G. Persson; Greg M. McFarquhar

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

The Mysteries of Mammatus Clouds: Observations and Formation Mechanisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mammatus clouds are an intriguing enigma of atmospheric fluid dynamics and cloud physics. Most commonly observed on the underside of cumulonimbus anvils, mammatus also occur on the underside of cirrus, cirrocumulus, altocumulus, altostratus, and ...

David M. Schultz; Katharine M. Kanak; Jerry M. Straka; Robert J. Trapp; Brent A. Gordon; Dusan S. Zrni?; George H. Bryan; Adam J. Durant; Timothy J. Garrett; Petra M. Klein; Douglas K. Lilly

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Assimilation of Global Cloud Imagery from Multiple Satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic images of the global cloud field have been created from measurements of infrared radiation taken aboard four geostationary and two polar-orbiting platforms simultaneously observing the earth's cloud field. A series of spatial and ...

Ken Tanaka; Karen Woodberry; Harry Hendon; Murry Salby

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Parameterization of Radiative Flux Profiles within Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical structure of radiative flux profiles within clouds can have a significant impact on the thermodynamic processes that maintain and dissipate the clouds, particularly in the case of marine stratus and stratocumulus. However, dynamic ...

Howard P. Hanson; Vernon E. Derr

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Cloud Clusters and Superclusters over the Oceanic Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Infrared satellite images of the oceanic warm-pool region (8O°E-160°W) have been objectively processed to reveal tropical “cloud clusters” with temperature colder than a given threshold. Cloud clusters span a somewhat lognormal distribution of ...

Brain E. Mapes; Robert A. Houze Jr.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Physically Retrieving Cloud and Thermodynamic Parameters from Ultraspectral IR Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A physical inversion scheme has been developed dealing with cloudy as well as cloud-free radiance observed with ultraspectral infrared sounders to simultaneously retrieve surface, atmospheric thermodynamic, and cloud microphysical parameters. A ...

Daniel K. Zhou; William L. Smith Sr.; Xu Liu; Allen M. Larar; Stephen A. Mango; Hung-Lung Huang

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Carbon Dioxide and Climate. The Impact of Cloud Parameterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of the representation of cloud in a general circulation model is investigated by utilizing four different parameterization schemes for layer cloud in a low-resolution version of the general circulation model at the Hadley Centre ...

C. A. Senior; J. F. B. Mitchell

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Design and Verification of a Cloud Field Optical Simulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A concept and an apparatus designed to investigate the reflected and transmitted distributions of light from optically thick clouds is presented. The Cloud Field Optical Simulator (CFOS) is a laboratory device which utilizes an array of ...

J. M. Davis; S. K. Cox; T. B. McKee

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Confronting Models with Data: The GEWEX Cloud Systems Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Cloud System Study (GCSS) was organized to promote the development of improved parameterizations of cloud systems for use in climate and numerical weather prediction models, with an emphasis on ...

David Randall; Steven Krueger; Christopher Bretherton; Judith Curry; Peter Duynkerke; Mitchell Moncrieff; Brian Ryan; David Starr; Martin Miller; William Rossow; George Tselioudis; Bruce Wielicki

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Retrieval of Ice Cloud Parameters Using a Microwave Imaging Radiometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the radiative transfer theory, the microwave radiance emanating from ice clouds at arbitrary viewing angles is expressed as an analytic function of the cloud ice water path (IWP), the particle effective diameter (De), and the particle ...

Fuzhong Weng; Norman C. Grody

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Mesoscale and Microscale Structure of Cirrus Clouds: Three Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure and composition of three basic cirrus cloud types are examined through coordinated aircraft and ground-based polarization lidar and radar measurements. The cloud systems consist of a multilayered orographic cirrus, a 6-km deep ...

Kenneth Sassen; David O'C. Starr; Taneil Uttal

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z