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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Winter Energy Savings from Lower Thermostat Settings  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This discussion provides details on the effect of lowering thermostat settings during the winter heating months of 1997.

Information Center

2000-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

2

What Do You Set Your Thermostat to? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Set Your Thermostat to? Set Your Thermostat to? What Do You Set Your Thermostat to? June 29, 2012 - 6:29pm Addthis Earlier this week, Kristin was telling us how you can use a programmable thermostat to save money when you're not at home. This is an easy trick that's useful in the winter as well as the summer, and can always help save you some money. Why heat or cool your house when you're not there? So this week, we'd like to know: What temperature do you set your thermostat to in the summer? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles What Are Your Top Tips for Saving Energy? At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer?

3

At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer? | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer? At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer? At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer? June 25, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis You can save 5%-15% on your cooling bills by raising the temperature setting on your thermostat when you are away and don't need cooling. Only lower the setting to 78°F when you are home and need cooling. A programmable thermostat can make it easy to adjust the temperature on a regular schedule. At what temperature do you set your thermostat when you are home and awake in the summer? How about when you're asleep or away? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a topic related to energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments.

4

Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Water  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Water Heaters Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Water Heaters June 23, 2009 - 12:54pm Addthis Amy Foster Parish Ener-Gee Whiz would like to offer a hearty thanks to all of you who've written in for your great efficiency and renewables related questions. Now, on to some answers! Patti writes: Is it efficient to raise the thermostat in a business when the business is closed during air conditioning season? Ener-Gee Whiz: Your business might be able to save energy-and money-by turning your thermostat up during the cooling season. But how much energy and money you save are largely dependent on how much you set your thermostat back and for how long. The Energy Savers website suggests that

5

An analysis of the differences between monitored indoor temperatures and reported thermostat settings  

SciTech Connect

We examined differences in reported winter thermostat settings and monitored temperatures, and contrasted those households with little difference, and those with a substantial difference. This analysis was conducted on households participating in Bonneville Power Administration's Residential Standards Demonstration Program (RSDP) in the Pacific Northwest. The reported thermostat settings were obtained from a survey of RSDP participants, and indoor temperatures were read from special recorders inside the house. 9 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

Vine, E.; Barnes, B.K.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Question of the Week: At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Question of the Week: At What Temperature Do You Set Your Question of the Week: At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Winter? Question of the Week: At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Winter? December 11, 2008 - 8:45am Addthis Did you know that you can save energy in the winter by setting the thermostat to 68°F while you're awake and setting it lower while you're asleep or away from home? By turning your thermostat back 10°-15° for 8 hours, you can save about 5%-15% a year on your heating bill-a savings of as much as 1% for each degree if the setback period is eight hours long. At what temperature do you set your thermostat when you are home and awake in the winter? How about when you're asleep or away? E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov.

7

Getting Ready to Set the Thermostat Low-And Keep it There! | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Set the Thermostat Low-And Keep it There! to Set the Thermostat Low-And Keep it There! Getting Ready to Set the Thermostat Low-And Keep it There! October 26, 2011 - 6:48am Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Every year I try to convince myself that I am going to turn my thermostat down for the entire winter. It's going to be 68 degrees or lower, I tell myself. I'm not going to turn it up for any reason. I might even be daring and try to get a few degrees lower! It'll be awesome! It usually doesn't end well. You see, I'm a gigantic wuss about the cold. Something always happens-it takes me 4 hours to drive home in the snow, I have a lousy day, or it drops beneath zero degrees Fahrenheit-and suddenly I want to treat myself to a balmy 70 degrees to make up for it.

8

Setting the global thermostat with an exhaustible tradeable permit system  

SciTech Connect

The global warming policy debate has centered largely on near-term objectives such as freezing 1990 CO{sub 2} emissions without regard to long-run implications. A policy of freezing CO{sub 2} emissions is shown to slow but not halt global warming, while requiring expensive near-term adjustments. If the long-run temperature change outcome of the freeze policy is set as the goal of a more graduated control policy, one which allows the market to determine annual emissions, a more cost-effective solution is obtained that reduces the negative adjustment effects on the energy and other affected industries. The most cost-effective emissions time path of a graduated control policy could be achieved by an evaporative marketable CO{sub 2} emissions permit system. This paper provides a preliminary examination of an evaporative permit system used to achieve long-run stabilization of greenhouse-induced temperature change.

Kosobud, R.G.; Quinn, K.G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)]|[Illinois Univ., Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Economics; South, D.W.; Daly, T.A. [Illinois Univ., Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Economics

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Thermostats | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermostats Thermostats Thermostats November 26, 2013 - 2:17pm Addthis A digital programmable thermostat set for energy savings during the heating season can save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/burwellphotography A digital programmable thermostat set for energy savings during the heating season can save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/burwellphotography You can save money on your heating and cooling bills by simply resetting your thermostat when you are asleep or away from home. You can do this automatically without sacrificing comfort by installing an automatic setback or programmable thermostat. Using a programmable thermostat, you can adjust the times you turn on the heating or air-conditioning according to a pre-set schedule. Programmable

10

Thermostats | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermostats Thermostats Thermostats November 26, 2013 - 2:17pm Addthis A digital programmable thermostat set for energy savings during the heating season can save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/burwellphotography A digital programmable thermostat set for energy savings during the heating season can save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/burwellphotography You can save money on your heating and cooling bills by simply resetting your thermostat when you are asleep or away from home. You can do this automatically without sacrificing comfort by installing an automatic setback or programmable thermostat. Using a programmable thermostat, you can adjust the times you turn on the heating or air-conditioning according to a pre-set schedule. Programmable

11

Thermostats | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

thermostat set for energy savings during the heating season can save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of iStockphotoburwellphotography A digital programmable...

12

Energy saving thermostat  

SciTech Connect

A thermostat device is disclosed for motels/hotels requiring the guest to use a key to select a desired room temperature which in turn requires that the thermostat must be set back to a preset temperature when guest desires to lock the door to his motel/hotel room upon leaving the room.

Fodera, A.W.

1983-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

13

Residential Programmable Communicating Thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residential programmable communicating thermostats (PCTs) enable demand response and offer a convenient energy management option for the consumer. PCTs allow customers to program and control temperature set-points remotely, primarily through the Internet. Additionally, some of these thermostats can be remotely controlled by utilities or third parties to curtail heating and cooling loads during periods of peak electricity demand. This Technology Brief, prepared for the Energy Efficiency Initiative, presen...

2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

14

Thermostat Metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...A thermostat metal is a composite material (usually in the form of sheet or strip) that consists of two or more materials bonded together, of which one can be a nonmetal. Because the materials bonded together to form the composite differ in

15

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report investigates the history of thermostats to better understand the context and legacy regarding the development of this important tool, as well as thermostats' relationships to heating, cooling, and other environmental controls. We analyze the architecture, interfaces, and modes of interaction used by different types of thermostats. For over sixty years, home thermostats have translated occupants' temperature preferences into heating and cooling system operations. In this position of an intermediary, the millions of residential thermostats control almost half of household energy use, which corresponds to about 10percent of the nation's total energy use. Thermostats are currently undergoing rapid development in response to emerging technologies, new consumer and utility demands, and declining manufacturing costs. Energy-efficient homes require more careful balancing of comfort, energy consumption, and health. At the same time, new capabilities will be added to thermostats, including scheduling, control of humidity and ventilation, responsiveness to dynamic electricity prices, and the ability to join communication networks inside homes. Recent studies have found that as many as 50percent of residential programmable thermostats are in permanent"hold" status. Other evaluations found that homes with programmable thermostats consumed more energy than those relying on manual thermostats. Occupants find thermostats cryptic and baffling to operate because manufacturers often rely on obscure, and sometimes even contradictory, terms, symbols, procedures, and icons. It appears that many people are unable to fully exploit even the basic features in today's programmable thermostats, such as setting heating and cooling schedules. It is important that people can easily, reliably, and confidently operate thermostats in their homes so as to remain comfortable while minimizing energy use.

Meier, Alan; Peffer, Therese; Pritoni, Marco; Aragon, Cecilia

2010-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

16

Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings December 23, 2008 - 4:00am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL Did you know that you can save around 10% a year on your heating and cooling bills by simply turning your thermostat back 10°-15°F for eight hours? Sounds great, but I know when I'm rushing out the door, the last thing on my mind is turning down the thermostat. Luckily, programmable thermostats make it easy to save without much effort. In fact, once you get the thermostat installed and programmed to your schedule, you can stop thinking about it; your home is programmed to save. First, decide what to set your thermostat at when you are home and awake; 68°F is a good guideline in the winter. From there, program the thermostat

17

Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! June 25, 2012 - 6:14pm Addthis Kristin Swineford Communication Specialist, Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Many of us know that during the summer, temperatures aren't the only thing skyrocketing -- our energy bills usually also reach record highs due to the cooling measures required to keep ourselves, our pets, and even some of our household items comfortable. We've talked before about properly setting thermostats, especially programmable thermostats to maintain the appropriate settings while you're home, asleep or away. I've witnessed the results achieved when a regular thermostat is replaced with one that allows you to adjust the times you turn on the heating or

18

How People Actually Use Thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residential thermostats have been a key element in controlling heating and cooling systems for over sixty years. However, today's modern programmable thermostats (PTs) are complicated and difficult for users to understand, leading to errors in operation and wasted energy. Four separate tests of usability were conducted in preparation for a larger study. These tests included personal interviews, an on-line survey, photographing actual thermostat settings, and measurements of ability to accomplish four tasks related to effective use of a PT. The interviews revealed that many occupants used the PT as an on-off switch and most demonstrated little knowledge of how to operate it. The on-line survey found that 89% of the respondents rarely or never used the PT to set a weekday or weekend program. The photographic survey (in low income homes) found that only 30% of the PTs were actually programmed. In the usability test, we found that we could quantify the difference in usability of two PTs as measured in time to accomplish tasks. Users accomplished the tasks in consistently shorter times with the touchscreen unit than with buttons. None of these studies are representative of the entire population of users but, together, they illustrate the importance of improving user interfaces in PTs.

Meier, Alan; Aragon, Cecilia; Hurwitz, Becky; Mujumdar, Dhawal; Peffer, Therese; Perry, Daniel; Pritoni, Marco

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Energy saving thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An energy saving thermostat adapted to be connected to a remote temperature conditioning apparatus for controlling the temperature of air in a space maintains a first temperature during a first time period and a second energy saving temperature during other time periods of the day. The thermostat has a visual indicating means so that when a manually settable switch is pushed, a time interval counter means is energized for indicating and storing a series of pulses each indicative of an hour of setback time into a storage means. The thermostat also has a review button for reviewing the stored time by pulsing the visual indicating means for the number of hours of the time period energy saving temperature.

Adams, J.T.; Kompelien, A.D.; Nelson, M.D.; Pinckaers, B.H.

1982-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

20

Field Evaluation of Programmable Thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prior research suggests that poor programmable thermostats usability may prevent their effective use to save energy. We hypothesized that home occupants with a high-usability thermostats would be more likely to use them to save energy than people with a basic thermostat. We randomly installed a high-usability thermostat in half the 77 apartments of an affordable housing complex, installing a basic thermostat in the other half. During the heating season, we collected space temperature and furnace on-off data to evaluate occupant interaction with the thermostats, foremost nighttime setbacks. We found that thermostat usability did not influence energy-saving behaviors, finding no significant difference in temperature maintained among apartments with high- and low-usability thermostats.

Sachs, O.; Tiefenbeck, V.; Duvier, C.; Qin, A.; Cheney, K.; Akers, C.; Roth, K.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Fuel heater thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thermostat is described for fuel heaters wherein the fuel is heated by engine coolant and the thermostat comprises: a temperature sensing means for sensing the temperature of fuel in the fuel heater, the temperature sensing means in contacting relation with the first end of a coolant flow restricting piston, the piston having a second end in contacting relation with a pressure means wherein the temperature sensing means and the pressure means assert opposing forces against the piston and the piston in response to an increase in force from the temperature sensing means will restrict the flow of coolant through the fuel heater, and the piston further having a bleed port therein to allow coolant to flow to the first and second ends of the piston.

Ray, D.A.

1989-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

22

Programmable Communicating Thermostats: Proliphix Internet Thermostat NT20e  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This assessment is of a PCT (model NT20e) from the Basic Series line of network thermostats made by Proliphix.

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

23

Program Your Thermostat for Fall and Winter Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Your Thermostat for Fall and Winter Savings Program Your Thermostat for Fall and Winter Savings Program Your Thermostat for Fall and Winter Savings October 9, 2012 - 4:17pm Q&A At what temperature do you set your thermostat to save energy and money when it's cold outside? Tell Us Addthis Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home. Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home. Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL What does this mean for me? Save 5% to 15% a year on your heating bill by setting your thermostat back 10° to 15° for 8 hours at a time. It's been a beautiful fall here in Colorado; 70 and 80 degree days and comfortably cool nights have spoiled us. We haven't had to turn on the heat

24

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the cost Presence of alternative heating/cooling devices notAlternative definition of elements in Thermostat .46 Introduction Thermostats have controlled heating and cooling

Meier, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Replacement element for automobile thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a thermostat replacement element for use in a cooling system in which a continuous stream of coolant normally flows from a radiator through a thermostat to an engine. The thermostat is mounted within a mounting cavity and permits maximum flow of coolant through the cooling system when in an open position. The replacement element comprises a disc-shaped member having a diameter substantially corresponding to the diameter of the mounting cavity. The member is provided with apertures of a predetermined size to permit flow of coolant therethrough at a rate generally corresponding to the rate of flow of coolant through the thermostat when the thermostat is in an open position.

Ferrari, W.

1988-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

26

Saving energy the easy way: an analysis of thermostat management  

SciTech Connect

We analyzed data on self-reported winter and summer thermostat settings and control strategies that were collected in recent surveys by utility companies, and state and federal energy agencies. We constructed several hypotheses to examine how thermostat management was related to the following occupant-related features: socioeconomic characteristics of occupants (age, education, income, home ownership, and race), building characteristics (house type, size, and age), space conditioning fuel and system, climate, and energy audit programs. We also examined thermostat management over time (during the day, seasonally, and yearly) and analyzed its relationship to energy use. We found that thermostat management (especially during the summer) is not fixed, but varies and is sensitive to some conditions. Certain groups - younger people, better educated individuals, audited households, multi-family households, and residents of warmer climates - reduce energy use at a greater rate than their counterparts. Households lower and raise their thermostats during the day and during different seasons and also shut off their heating and air conditioning systems when their home is unoccupied. In fact, many households reported settings below 68/sup 0/ in the winter and above 78/sup 0/ in the summer, the standard temperatures used in many energy models and programs.

Vine, E.L.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Thermostat Wars | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermostat Wars Thermostat Wars Thermostat Wars August 3, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The other day, I was visiting a friend's office and noticed something you may have noticed yourself: his building had a variety of micro-climates, ranging from the furnace hot to the freezing cold. The offices with windows that faced south and west were hottest, while offices with windows facing north and east were cooler-and the offices without windows were, on average, about as comfortable as your refrigerator. This is an artifact of building construction from the early days of air conditioning and central heating. It's "one climate fits all" thinking, which would be fine if every office had identical solar heat gain,

28

Thermostat for neutron-diffraction apparatus  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a thermostat which has been designed for neutron-diffraction studies. The thermostat does not introduce any distortions into the beam of neutrons diffracted from the specimen. The range of operating temperatures is 300-1300 degrees K and the vacuum is 10/sup -6/ torr. The thermostat permits liquid, solid, and amorphous specimens to be studied.

Kozlov, E.N.; Nikolaev, V.O.; Skovorod'ko, S.N.; Tsirkunova, S.E.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Tips: Programmable Thermostats | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Programmable Thermostats Programmable Thermostats Tips: Programmable Thermostats May 30, 2012 - 5:33pm Addthis Cool Summer Tip: In the summer, save money by automatically turning up the air conditioner at night or when you're away from home. Cool Summer Tip: In the summer, save money by automatically turning up the air conditioner at night or when you're away from home. Hot Winter Tip: Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home. Hot Winter Tip: Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home. Cool Summer Tip: In the summer, save money by automatically turning up the air conditioner at night or when you're away from home. Hot Winter Tip: Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home.

30

Developments in line-voltage thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thermostat that provides reliable, accurate temperature control is the key to a comfortable, efficient space-heating system. The lack of a commercially available line-voltage thermostat that is affordable and performs well has been a significant factor in limiting the comfort and popularity of zoned residential electric heating systems. With EPRI support, two manufacturers have developed innovative, electronics-based line-voltage thermostats that offer a cost-effective control option for creating a comfortable environment with zoned electric heat. These thermostats also may help reduce energy consumption.

Kesselring, J.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Two terminal line voltage thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two terminal line voltage thermostat includes a switch which effectively connects line voltage to a heater load. The entire process is controlled by an integrated circuit microcontroller which is powered by a rectified voltage from a transformer secondary connected to a primary which is in series with the heater load. Backup battery power is provided to maintain limited functions of the microcontroller in the event of overall power loss. The microcontroller is programmed to meet the temperature sensing and control requirements specific to a two terminal electric baseboard heating installation. 7 figs.

Stalsberg, K.J.; Ingalls, J.E.; Hoglund, S.R.

1995-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

32

Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy June 25, 2012 - 6:14pm Addthis Kristin Swineford Communication...

33

Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings December 23, 2008 - 4:00am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL Did you know...

34

Thermostat response and room temperature control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article examines the impact to thermal comfort of the operation of the room thermostat. The topics of the article include types of thermostat response, reset response, proportional response, digital systems, system response, verification of building temperatures, thermal comfort analysis, and productivity costs of implementing mandated setpoints.

Int-Hout, D. (Carrier Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes results of a literature review, a workshop, and many meetings with demand response and thermostat researchers and implementers. The information obtained from these resources was used to identify key issues of thermostat performance from both energy savings and peak demand perspectives. A research plan was developed to address these issues and activities have already begun to pursue the research agenda.

Meier, Alan K.; Walker, Iain

2008-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

36

Residential Thermostats: Comfort Controls in California Homes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Thermostats: Comfort Controls in California Homes Residential Thermostats: Comfort Controls in California Homes Title Residential Thermostats: Comfort Controls in California Homes Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-938e Year of Publication 2008 Authors Walker, Iain S., and Alan K. Meier Keywords demand response and distributed energy resources center, demand response research center, home networks & controls Abstract This report summarizes results of a literature review, a workshop, and many meetings with demand response and thermostat researchers and implementers. The information obtained from these resources was used to identify key issues of thermostat performance from both energy savings and peak demand perspectives. A research plan was developed to address these issues and activities have already begun to pursue the research agenda.

37

Control Strategies of Thermostatically Controlled Appliances in a Competitive Electricity Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the setpoint-control strategies for thermostatically controlled appliances (TCAs) in a competitive electricity market with electric water heater used as an example. By varying the TCA thermostat settings, the TCA power consumption can be shifted from the high-price period to the low-price period to reduce the peak-load and energy cost. Economic benefits and impacts on distribution feeder load shapes when applying different setpoint-control strategies are studied.

Lu, Ning; Katipamula, Srinivas

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

38

Thinking of Your Thermostat for Savings This Winter | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thinking of Your Thermostat for Savings This Winter Thinking of Your Thermostat for Savings This Winter Thinking of Your Thermostat for Savings This Winter February 28, 2012 - 2:48pm Addthis Amanda McAlpin This has certainly been an unusual winter for most of the country. Warmer temperatures and minimal snowfall totals have many hoping for an early spring. February on the east coast has been like a roller coaster ride, with temperatures plunging one day, then warm enough the next to skip the coat. In my home, I've spent the month trying to predict the ups and downs of the weather by adjusting my heater constantly. It's tempting to leave the thermostat on at a set temperature, so that the room is warm when returning home. Many assume this saves energy, because the heater won't have to work as hard to heat the room to the desired

39

Energy management system with programmable thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electronic system and method including a user programmable thermostat for measuring temperature at the situs of the measurement unit and for signaling and controlling a remotely located energy controller which is connected to the programmable thermostat. By utilizing a multiplexed signal communication channel between the programmable thermostat and the energy controller, the energy controller activates preselected energy using units which may, for example, include a furnace and air conditioning units for controlling the temperature at the measurement unit situs and a power shedder unit for shedding energy usage to conserve energy all in accordance with a user provided program.

Stewart, J.T.

1983-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

40

Phonostat: Thermostatting phonons in molecular dynamics simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermostat algorithms in a molecular dynamics simulation maintain an average temperature of a system by regulating the atomic velocities rather than the internal degrees of freedom. Herein, we present a phonostat algorithm ...

Raghunathan, Rajamani

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A parallel Lowe-Andersen thermostat for soft matter simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulating colloidal dynamics, with solvent mediated hydrodynamics interactions, is a challenging task. The traditional approach is to use Dissipative Particle Dynamics thermostat and soft interactions. However this can yield only low Schmidt number ... Keywords: MPI programing, molecular dynamics, thermostats

K. R. Prathyusha; P. B. Sunil Kumar

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Opower Thermostat App | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Opower Thermostat App Opower Thermostat App Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Social Opower Agency/Company /Organization: Opower Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Mobile Device Website: thermostat.opower.com/ Country: United States Web Application Link: thermostat.opower.com/ Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 38.8911837°, -77.0838797° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8911837,"lon":-77.0838797,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

43

Mounting assembly for heater thermostat control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes an assembly for mounting a thermostat control on the outer wall of a heater tank including an external spud in which a heating element is mounted. The mounting assembly comprises: a first bracket made from a spring material and including a body having an opening adapted to lockingly fit over the tank spud. The first bracket further includes a pair of laterally-spaced legs extending from the body and having a bent upper end portion adapted to apply spring pressure toward the tank outer wall when the first bracket is locked on the tank spud. Each of the legs includes in the upper end portion an elongated slot having an upper end; a second bracket carrying the thermostat control and having a pair of laterally -spaced, upstanding ears adapted to fit beneath the upper end portions of the legs. Each of the ears includes a nib received in a slot for interlocking the first and the second brackets and having an upper edge adapted to engage the upper end of the slot and cooperate therewith to urge the thermostat control into firmer contact with the tank outer wall in response to upward vertical movement of the second bracket relative to the first bracket; and the assembly further characterized by a retaining lip on the first bracket, the lip located between the legs and positioned to bear against the end wall of the thermostat control when the parts are in assembled position and an outward horizontal load is applied.

Murphy, M.A.

1987-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

44

De-icing thermostat for air conditioners  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an electronic thermostat adapted to be connected to an air-cooling apparatus to control the operative state of the apparatus. The thermostat includes a means for generating a digital electrical signal representative of a desired temperature setpoint and means for generating a digital electrical signal representative of the ambient temperature at the thermostat. The improvement described here comprises: means for generating control signals for the aircooling apparatus in order to inhibit the accumulation of ice on the cooling element of the air-cooling apparatus when the ambient temperature is above the temperature setpoint; means, responsive to the control signals, for deenergizing the compressor in the air-cooling apparatus for a first preselected period of time whenever the compressor is determined to have run continuously for a second preselected period of time; and means for adaptively adjusting the length of at least one of the first or second preselected periods of time as a function of the change in the rate of change of the ambient temperature.

Levine, M.R.

1986-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

45

List of Programmable Thermostats Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermostats Incentives Thermostats Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 525 Programmable Thermostats Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-525) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Appalachian Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebate Programs (West Virginia) Utility Rebate Program West Virginia Commercial Industrial Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Programmable Thermostats Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Ground Source Heat Pumps Yes AEP Ohio (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Residential Building Insulation Ceiling Fan Central Air conditioners

46

Thermostat having simple battery level detection  

SciTech Connect

In a thermostat for controlling HVAC equipment having a battery, the battery having a power level, battery testing means is described, comprising: a time base generator producing a first signal having a frequency substantially independent of the power level; an oscillator producing a second signal having a frequency substantially dependent upon the power level: a comparator connected to the time base generator and the oscillator, the comparator shutting off the HVAC equipment if the first and second signals are not in a pre-determined relationship.

Adams, J.T.

1993-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

47

Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

help you determine your potential savings. Karen writes: If I need a new electric hot water heater but am also considering installing a solar hot water heater in several years,...

48

Facilitating Energy Savings through Enhanced Usability of Thermostats  

SciTech Connect

Residential thermostats play a key role in controlling heating and cooling systems. Occupants often find the controls of programmable thermostats confusing, sometimes leading to higher heating consumption than when the buildings are controlled manually. A high degree of usability is vital to a programmable thermostat's effectiveness because, unlike a more efficient heating system, occupants must engage in specific actions after installation to obtain energy savings. We developed a procedure for measuring the usability of thermostats and tested this methodology with 31 subjects on five thermostats. The procedure requires first identifying representative tasks associated with the device and then testing the subjects ability to accomplish those tasks. The procedure was able to demonstrate the subjects wide ability to accomplish tasks and the influence of a device's usability on success rates. A metric based on the time to accomplish the tasks and the fraction of subjects actually completing the tasks captured the key aspects of each thermostat's usability. The procedure was recently adopted by the Energy Star Program for its thermostat specification. The approach appears suitable for quantifying usability of controls in other products, such as heat pump water heaters and commercial lighting.

Meier, Alan; Aragon, Cecilia; Peffer, Therese; Perry, Daniel; Pritoni, Marco

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

49

Modeling and control of thermostatically controlled loads  

SciTech Connect

As the penetration of intermittent energy sources grows substantially, loads will be required to play an increasingly important role in compensating the fast time-scale fluctuations in generated power. Recent numerical modeling of thermostatically controlled loads (TCLs) has demonstrated that such load following is feasible, but analytical models that satisfactorily quantify the aggregate power consumption of a group of TCLs are desired to enable controller design. We develop such a model for the aggregate power response of a homogeneous population of TCLs to uniform variation of all TCL setpoints. A linearized model of the response is derived, and a linear quadratic regulator (LQR) has been designed. Using the TCL setpoint as the control input, the LQR enables aggregate power to track reference signals that exhibit step, ramp and sinusoidal variations. Although much of the work assumes a homogeneous population of TCLs with deterministic dynamics, we also propose a method for probing the dynamics of systems where load characteristics are not well known.

Backhaus, Scott N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sinitsyn, Nikolai [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kundu, S. [UNIV OF MICHIGAN; Hiskens, I. [UNIV OF MICHIGAN

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

50

A climatic thermostat making Earth habitable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mean surface temperature on Earth and other planets with atmospheres is determined by the radiative balance between the non-reflected incoming solar radiation and the outgoing long-wave black-body radiation from the atmosphere. The surface temperature is higher than the black-body temperature due to the greenhouse warming. Balancing the ice-albedo cooling and the greenhouse warming gives rise to two stable climate states. A cold climate state with a completelyice-covered planet, called Snowball Earth, and a warm state similar to our present climate where greenhouse warming prevents the total glacition. The warm state has dominated Earth in most of its geological history despite a 30 % fainter young Sun. The warming could have been controlled by a greenhouse thermostat operating by temperature control of the weathering process depleting the atmosphere from $CO_2$. This temperature control has permitted life to evolve as early as the end of the heavy bombartment 4 billion years ago.

Peter D. Ditlevsen

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

51

A Thermostat Fuzzy Control System Based on MCU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thermostat is an automatic temperature control unit, which operating environment is featuring by non-linear, inertial and time-variant. Traditional control can not achieve satisfied performance. As one large embranchment of non-linear control, fuzzy ...

Chenluan Wang

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Kansas City Power and Light- Energy Optimizer Programmable Thermostat Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Kansas City Power and Light (KCP&L) offers a free Honeywell programmable thermostat, worth $300, and free installation to qualifying customers to manage energy usage. Only residential and small...

53

Kansas City Power & Light- Energy Optimizer Programmable Thermostat Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Kansas City Power and Light (KCP&L) offers a free Honeywell programmable thermostat, worth $300, and free installation to qualifying customers to manage energy usage. Only residential and small...

54

Energy, Carbon-emission and Financial Savings from Thermostat Control  

SciTech Connect

Among the easiest approaches to energy, and cost, savings for most people is the adjustment of thermostats to save energy. Here we estimate savings of energy, carbon, and money in the United States of America (USA) that would result from adjusting thermostats in residential and commercial buildings by about half a degree Celsius downward during the heating season and upward during the cooling season. To obtain as small a unit as possible, and therefore the least likely to be noticeable by most people, we selected an adjustment of one degree Fahrenheit (0.56 degree Celsius) which is the gradation used almost exclusively on thermostats in the USA and is the smallest unit of temperature that has been used historically. Heating and/or cooling of interior building space for personal comfort is sometimes referred to as space conditioning, a term we will use for convenience throughout this work without consideration of humidity. Thermostat adjustment, as we use the term here, applies to thermostats that control the indoor temperature, and not to other thermostats such as those on water heaters. We track emissions of carbon only, rather than of carbon dioxide, because carbon atoms change atomic partners as they move through the carbon cycle, from atmosphere to biosphere or ocean and, on longer time scales, through the rock cycle. To convert a mass of carbon to an equivalent mass of carbon dioxide (thereby including the mass of the 2 oxygen atoms in each molecule) simply multiply by 3.67.

Blasing, T J [ORNL; Schroeder, Dana [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Columbia Gas of Ohio - Programmable Thermostat Rebate Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Columbia Gas of Ohio - Programmable Thermostat Rebate Program Columbia Gas of Ohio - Programmable Thermostat Rebate Program Columbia Gas of Ohio - Programmable Thermostat Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Institutional Nonprofit Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Other Sealing Your Home Ventilation Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate $100,000/project Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audit: Up to 100% Custom Conservation and Evaluation Measures: Up to 50% Research and Demonstration Measures: Up to 50% Experimental Technologies: Up to 100% Building Commissioning: Up to 50% Provider Columbia Gas of Ohio Columbia Gas of Ohio offers professional Facility/Building Energy Audits to

56

Definition: Programmable Communicating Thermostat | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to remotely modify temperature set points and load consumption.1 Related Terms sustainability References https:www.smartgrid.govcategorytechnologyprogrammablecommunic...

57

Solving the Nose-Hoover thermostat for Nuclear Pasta  

SciTech Connect

At densities just below nuclear saturation density, there may be possible non-uniform spatial configurations of neutron rich matter. In this work we present a calculation using molecular dynamics techniques for a nuclear system interacting via a semiclassical potential depending on both positions and momenta and kept at fixed temperature by using the Nose-Hoover Thermostat.

Perez Garcia, M. Angeles [Departamento de Fisica Fundamental, Universidad de Salamanca, Plaza de la Merced s/n E-37008 Salamanca (Spain)

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

58

Water heater with an improved thermostat mounting and a method of making such water heaters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improvement in an electric water heater is described comprising: a non-metallic tank, a cold water inlet, a hot water outlet, an electrical heating means adapted to heat a body of water contained in the tank and a thermostat having a sensing face with a given area controlling the flow of electric current to the heating means, the improvement comprising a thermally conductive thermostat mounting plate having a surface area substantially larger than the sensing face given area in direct contact with the tank and a thermostat retention means releasably holding the thermostat in contact with the thermostat mounting plate.

Moore, H.J.; Deneau, M.E.

1993-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

The impact of thermostat performance on energy consumption and occupant comfort in residential electric heating systems  

SciTech Connect

A digital computer simulation was used to compare the energy consumption and comfort of an electric baseboard heating system using high performance thermostats (low droop, fast cycling) to that of the same system using poorer performing thermostats (high droop, slow cycling, such as many line voltage types). Since a thermostat which allows the controlled temperature to fall below the setpoint will obviously cause less energy consumption than a thermostat which maintains the controlled temperature closer to the setpoint, the key hypothesis of this study was that the user will reset the thermostat setpoint in some fashion during the heating season to obtain acceptable conditions for all heating loads. The major assumption of this study, therefore, was the mode of this ''user-thermostat interaction''. For every case in which the simulated ''user'' could intervene, the energy consumption using high performance thermostats was found to be less, while a greater degree of comfort was maintained, than systems using poorer performing thermostats. Energy savings ranged from 2% to 18% depending upon the mode of user interaction simulated. Where energy savings were small, the ''user'' was resetting the poorly performing thermostat as often as twice a day; i.e., the ''user'' was performing the function of a better performing thermostat.

Benton, R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Analysis of Thermostat Design for Vertical Fan Coil Units Within Modern Window-Wall Condominium Suites.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim for this research is to identify the issues with poor thermostat designs in a window-wall condominium suite during cooling season, and to investigate (more)

Ruff, Shawn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A State-Queueing Model of Thermostatically Controlled Appliances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops a new method to analyze the price response of aggregated loads consisting of thermostatically controlled appliances (TCAs). Assuming a perfectly diversified load before the price response, we show that TCA setpoint changes in response to the market price will result in a redistribution of TCAs in on/off states and therefore change the probabilities for a unit to reside in each state. A randomly distributed load can be partially synchronized and the aggregated diversity lost. The lost of the load diversity can then create unexpected dynamics in the aggregated load profile. Raising issues such as restoring load diversity and damping the peak loads are also addressed in the paper.

Lu, Ning; Chassin, David P.

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Thermostat means adaptively controlling the amount of overshoot or undershoot of space temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a clock thermostat adaptively controlling the amount of overshoot or undershoot of space temperature due to changes in the current temperature setpoint of the thermostat means, including: microcomputer means including real time clock and memory; data input means connected to the microcomputer to input a sequence of desired heat and cool control temperature setpoints and times for a desired temperature control by the thermostat; temperature sensor including connection to monitor temperature at the thermostat means; connection means connected to microcomputer to communicate a temperature at sensor means to the microcomputer; thermostat means further including output switch adapted to control heating and cooling equipment by thermostat means; microcomputer means and memory means including overshoot-undershoot correction program means which is operable to adjust a ramprate slope of a current temperature setpoint of thermostat means; overshoot-undershoot correction program and the memory means providing a ramprate slope that reduces an overshoot-undershoot of space temperature due to a change in current temperature setpoint; and overshoot-undershoot correction program means and memory means creating a new ramprate slope after a temperature setpoint change to progressively adjust the ramprate slope of the thermostat to limit the amount of overshoot-undershoot of the space temperature to an acceptable level.

Beckey, T.J.

1987-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

63

Decay and storage of multiparticle entangled states of atoms in collective thermostat  

SciTech Connect

We derive a master equation describing the collective decay of two-level atoms inside a single mode cavity in the dispersive limit. By considering atomic decay in the collective thermostat, we found a decoherence-free subspace of the multiparticle entangled states of the W-like class. We present a scheme for writing and storing these states in collective thermostat.

Basharov, A. M.; Gorbachev, V. N.; Rodichkina, A. A. [Laboratory for Quantum Information and Computation, Aerospace University, St.-Petersburg 190000 Bolshaia Morskaia 67 (Russian Federation)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Thermostatted molecular dynamics: How to avoid the Toda demon hidden in Nose-Hoover dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The Nose-Hoover thermostat, which is often used in the hope of modifying molecular dynamics trajectories in order to achieve canonical-ensemble averages, has hidden in it a Toda ``demon,`` which can give rise to unwanted, noncanonical undulations in the instantaneous kinetic temperature. We show how these long-lived oscillations arise from insufficient coupling of the thermostat to the atoms, and give straightforward, practical procedures for avoiding this weak-coupling pathology in isothermal molecular dynamics simulations.

Holian, B.L.; Voter, A.F. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Ravelo, R. [Department of Physics, University of Texas, El Paso, Texas 79968 (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

U.S. DEPARTlIIEN T OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

governments. Covered actions include, but are not limited to: programmed lowering of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water...

66

u.s. DEPARThIENT OF F NER GY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEM EN T CEN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

govemments. Covered actions include, but are not limited to: programmed lowering of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water...

67

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

governments. Covered actions include, but are not limited to: programmed lowering of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters. installation of solar hot water...

68

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

not limited to: programmed lowering of thermostat settings. placement of timers on hot water heaters. installation of solar hot water systems, installation of efficient lighting,...

69

u.s. DEP.-'.RTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

governments. Covered actions include, but are not limited to: programmed lowering of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water...

70

PNIC-FF2a U.S. DEPARTAIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of thermostat settings. placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water systems, installation of efficient lighting, improvements in generator...

71

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Iowenng of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water healers, installation of solar hOi water systems. installation of efficient lighting, Improvements In generator...

72

Superfund at work: Hazardous waste cleanup efforts nationwide, fall 1992. (American Thermostat Corporation, New York)  

SciTech Connect

EPA's Superfund program decisively mitigated dangerously high levels of toxic chemicals at New York's American Thermostat Corporation (ATC) hazardous waste site. Superfund staff: quickly sampled area drinking wells and treated over 10 million gallons of contaminated ground water; used innovative technologies to reduce on-site soil and ground water contamination; secured a permanent alternate water supply for affected residents; and initiated a public outreach effort which gained support for cleanup activities. The American Thermostat site is a prime example of EPA's commitment to preserve the health and welfare of citizens and the environment.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A Tale of Two Houses: The Human Dimension of Demand Response Enabling Technology from a Case Study of an Adaptive Wireless Thermostat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

underestimate the heating setpoint (Woods 2006). Similarly,Woods, James. 2006. Fiddling with Thermostats: Energy Implications of Heating and

Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward; Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

A tale of two houses: the human dimension of demand response enabling technology from a case study of an adaptive wireless thermostat.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

underestimate the heating setpoint (Woods 2006). Similarly,Woods, James. 2006. Fiddling with Thermostats: Energy Implications of Heating and

Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A; Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

The smart thermostat: using occupancy sensors to save energy in homes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating, ventilation and cooling (HVAC) is the largest source of residential energy consumption. In this paper, we demonstrate how to use cheap and simple sensing technology to automatically sense occupancy and sleep patterns in a home, and how to use ... Keywords: building energy, home monitoring, programmable thermostats, wireless sensor networks

Jiakang Lu; Tamim Sookoor; Vijay Srinivasan; Ge Gao; Brian Holben; John Stankovic; Eric Field; Kamin Whitehouse

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Electronic thermostat with selectable mode to control heating only, cooling only or both heating and cooling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a thermostat for use in a building having means for cooling the building and means for heating the building, the thermostat being connected to the cooling means and the heating means and operative to generate an energizing signal for only one of the heating means or cooling means at a given time, the thermostat comprising: means for measuring the ambient temperature within the building; manual data entry means; means for storing a program of desired heating temperatures over a repetitive time cycle, programmed by the manual data entry means; a clock operative to generate time signals within the repetitive time cycle; means for generating a signal representative of a desired heating temperature and a desired cooling temperature at the present time based upon the signals from the clock in the stored temperature program; means for placing the thermostat in either a first mode where control signals are generated only for the heating means as a function of the difference between the measured temperature within the building and the desired heating temperature signal. Control signals are generated for either the heating means or the cooling means based upon the measured temperature and the respective desired heating and cooling temperature signals.

Levine, M.R.

1987-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

77

Determining the basic operational characteristics of a solar thermostat in the conditions of full-scale tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method of calculating a heat-receiver-heater and the volume of the heat store is presented, together with the results of full-scale tests of a solar thermostat with stochastic variations of climatic factors.

Gryadunov, A.I.; Mamedova, A.I.; Razaev, P.F.; Sadykov, S.A.; Velieva, B.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

From the Optimizing Thermostat to a Smart Energy Management System: Models,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From the Optimizing Thermostat to a Smart Energy Management System: Models, From the Optimizing Thermostat to a Smart Energy Management System: Models, Benchmark, and Insights Speaker(s): Yong Liang Date: May 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page Nowadays, users in the retail electricity market only need to pay a fixed rate for electricity. This strategy results in lack of coordination between demand and supply and costs significant waste. A shift from fixed rate pricing in retail markets could potentially yield many benefits. Time-varying pricing promotes the substitution of off-peak consumption for peak consumption, reducing strain on the electrical system, the need for costly and inefficient "peaker" plants, and waste in electricity delivery. However, existing research supports what common sense suggests:

79

Fail-safe coolant thermostat system for an internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an improvement in a device for controlling the flow of cooling fluid between a fluid-cooled engine and a radiator, wherein a primary passage is provided with a thermostat that normally controls the flow of cooling fluid between the engine and the radiator. It comprises: a bypass passage connected in parallel with the primary passage and thermostat; a control valve contained within the bypass passage, the valve comprising a solenoid operated cup-shaped valve body and means for continually urging open the valve toward an open position; and means for de-energizing the solenoid for positioning the control valve in an open condition when either the engine is not operating or the cooling fluid temperature exceeds a positioning the control valve in a closed condition when the engine is operating and the cooling fluid temperature is below the predetermined level.

Shelton, V.E.

1990-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

80

Modeling Uncertainties in Aggregated Thermostatically Controlled Loads Using a State Queueing Model  

SciTech Connect

Abstract To study the impacts of price responsive demand on the electric power system, requires better load models. This paper discusses the modeling of uncertainties in aggregated thermostatically controlled loads using a state queueing (SQ) model. The cycling times of thermostatically controlled appliances (TCAs) vary with the TCA types and sizes, as well as the ambient temperatures. The random consumption of consumers, which besides phase shifting, shortens or prolongs a specific TCA cycling period, introduces another degree of uncertainty. By modifying the state transition matrix, these random factors can be taken into account in a discrete SQ model. The impacts of considering load diversity in the SQ model on simulating TCA setpoint response are also studied.

Lu, Ning; Chassin, David P.; Widergren, Steven E.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Modified Nose-Hoover thermostat for solid state for constant temperature molecular dynamics simulation  

SciTech Connect

Nose-Hoover (NH) thermostat methods incorporated with molecular dynamics (MD) simulation have been widely used to simulate the instantaneous system temperature and feedback energy in a canonical ensemble. The method simply relates the kinetic energy to the system temperature via the particles' momenta based on the ideal gas law. However, when used in a tightly bound system such as solids, the method may suffer from deriving a lower system temperature and potentially inducing early breaking of atomic bonds at relatively high temperature due to the neglect of the effect of the potential energy of atoms based on solid state physics. In this paper, a modified NH thermostat method is proposed for solid system. The method takes into account the contribution of phonons by virtue of the vibrational energy of lattice and the zero-point energy, derived based on the Debye theory. Proof of the equivalence of the method and the canonical ensemble is first made. The modified NH thermostat is tested on different gold nanocrystals to characterize their melting point and constant volume specific heat, and also their size and temperature dependence. Results show that the modified NH method can give much more comparable results to both the literature experimental and theoretical data than the standard NH. Most importantly, the present model is the only one, among the six thermostat algorithms under comparison, that can accurately reproduce the experimental data and also the T{sup 3}-law at temperature below the Debye temperature, where the specific heat of a solid at constant volume is proportional to the cube of temperature.

Chen, Wen-Hwa, E-mail: whchen@pme.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); National Applied Research Laboratories, Taipei 10622, Taiwan, ROC (China); Wu, Chun-Hung [Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Cheng, Hsien-Chie [Department of Aerospace and Systems Engineering, Feng Chia University, Taichung 40724, Taiwan (China)

2011-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

82

Placement in 2012 OPC scholarship 2011/2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exploration and production sector of the oil and gas industry. This scholarship has been set up by the company a placement in the oil or gas industries during 2011/12. Oilfield Production Consultants (OPC) is a globally engineering students to consider a future career in the oil and gas industry. The award The scholarship

Li, Jingpeng

83

Placement in 2012 OPC scholarship 2012/2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exploration and production sector of the oil and gas industry. This scholarship has been set up by the company a placement in the oil or gas industries during 2012/13. Oilfield Production Consultants (OPC) is a globally engineering students to consider a future career in the oil and gas industry. The award The scholarship

Li, Jingpeng

84

Product placement in interactive games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern computer and video games offer a dynamic means of interactive advertising for a wide range of commercial products. This article details an exploratory study in the area of interactive, in-game advertising. Various key forms of interactive advertising ... Keywords: computer games, interactive advertising, interactive media, product placement, video games

Barry Ip

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Risk-Based Sensor Placement Methodology  

Current methods for sensor placement are based on qualitative approaches ranging from best guess to expensive, customized studies.

86

Metrics Thermostat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The explosion of information and information technology has led many firms to evolve a dispersed product development process with people and organizations spread throughout the world. To

Hauser, John

87

Metrics Thermostat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The explosion of information and information technology has led many firms to evolve a dispersed product development process with people and organizations spread throughout the world. To coordinate such dispersed processes ...

Hauser, John

88

Bad seeds sprout perilous dynamics: stochastic thermostat induced trajectory synchronization in biomolecules  

SciTech Connect

Molecular dynamics simulations starting from different initial conditions are commonly used to mimic the behavior of an experimental ensemble. We show in this article that when a Langevin thermostat is used to maintain constant temperature during such simulations, extreme care must be taken when choosing the random number seeds used in order to prevent statistical correlation among the MD trajectories. While recent studies have shown that stochastically thermostatted trajectories evolving within a single potential basin with identical random number seeds tend to synchronize, we show that there is a synchronization effect even for complex, biologically relevant systems. We demonstrate this effect in simulations of Alanine trimer and pentamer and in a simulation of a temperature-jump experiment for peptide folding of a 14-residue peptide. Even in replica-exchange simulations, in which the trajectories are at different temperatures, we find partial synchronization occurring when the same random number seed is employed. We explain this by extending the recent derivation of the synchronization effect for two trajectories in a harmonic well to the case in which the trajectories are at two different temperatures. Our results suggest several ways in which mishandling selection of a pseudo random number generator initial seed can lead to corruption of simulation data. Simulators can fall into this trap in simple situations such as neglecting to specifically indicate different random seeds in either parallel or sequential restart simulations, utilizing a simulation package with a weak pseudorandom number generator, or using an advanced simulation algorithm that hasn't been programmed to distribute initial seeds.

Voter, A F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sindhikara, Daniel J [UNIV OF FLORIDA; Kim, Seonah [UNIV OF CALIFORNIA; Roitberg, Adrian E [UNIV OF FLORIDA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Small Business Demand Response with Communicating Thermostats: SMUD's Summer Solutions Research Pilot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents a field study of 78 small commercial customers in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District service territory who volunteered for an integrated energy-efficiency/demand-response (EE-DR) program in the summer of 2008. The original objective for the pilot was to provide a better understanding of demand response issues in the small commercial sector. Early findings justified a focus on offering small businesses (1) help with the energy efficiency of their buildings in exchange for occasional load shed, and (2) a portfolio of options to meet the needs of a diverse customer sector. To meet these expressed needs, the research pilot provided on-site energy efficiency advice and offered participants several program options, including the choice of either a dynamic rate or monthly payment for air-conditioning setpoint control. An analysis of hourly load data indicates that the offices and retail stores in our sample provided significant demand response, while the restaurants did not. Thermostat data provides further evidence that restaurants attempted to precool and reduce AC service during event hours, but were unable to because their air-conditioning units were undersized. On a 100 F reference day, load impacts of all participants during events averaged 14%, while load impacts of office and retail buildings (excluding restaurants) reached 20%. Overall, pilot participants including restaurants had 2007-2008 summer energy savings of 20% and bill savings of 30%. About 80% of participants said that the program met or surpassed their expectations, and three-quarters said they would probably or definitely participate again without the $120 participation incentive. These results provide evidence that energy efficiency programs, dynamic rates and load control programs can be used concurrently and effectively in the small business sector, and that communicating thermostats are a reliable tool for providing air-conditioning load shed and enhancing the ability of customers on dynamic rates to respond to intermittent price events.

Herter, Karen; Wayland, Seth; Rasin, Josh

2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

90

Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand Response is playing an increasingly important role in smart grid control strategies. Modeling the behavior of populations of appliances under demand response is especially important to evaluate the effectiveness of these demand response programs. In this paper, an aggregated model is proposed for a class of Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs). The model efficiently includes statistical information of the population, systematically deals with heterogeneity, and accounts for a second-order effect necessary to accurately capture the transient dynamics in the collective response. However, an accurate characterization of the collective dynamics however requires the aggregate model to have a high state space dimension. Most of the existing model reduction techniques require the stability of the underlying system which does not hold for the proposed aggregated model. In this work, a novel model reduction approach is developed for the proposed aggregated model, which can significantly reduce its complexity with small performance loss. The original and the reducedorder aggregated models are validated against simulations of thousands of detailed building models using GridLAB-D, which is a realistic open source distribution simulation software. Index Terms demand response, aggregated model, ancillary

Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Chang, Chin-Yao; Kalsi, Karanjit; Sun, Yannan

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

91

A Successful Case Study of Small Business Energy Efficiency and Demand Response with Communicating Thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents a field study of 78 small commercial customers in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District service territory who volunteered for an integrated energy-efficiency/demand-response (EE-DR) program in the summer of 2008. The original objective for the pilot was to provide a better understanding of demand response issues in the small commercial sector. Early findings justified a focus on offering small businesses (1) help with the energy efficiency of their buildings in exchange for occasional load shed, and (2) a portfolio of options to meet the needs of a diverse customer sector. To meet these expressed needs, the research pilot provided on-site energy efficiency advice and offered participants several program options, including the choice of either a dynamic rate or monthly payment for air-conditioning setpoint control. Overall results show that pilot participants had energy savings of 20%, and the potential for an additional 14% to 20% load drop during a 100 F demand response event. In addition to the efficiency-related bill savings, participants on the dynamic rate saved an estimated 5% on their energy costs compared to the standard rate. About 80% of participants said that the program met or surpassed their expectations, and three-quarters said they would probably or definitely participate again without the $120 participation incentive. These results provide evidence that energy efficiency programs, dynamic rates and load control programs can be used concurrently and effectively in the small business sector, and that communicating thermostats are a reliable tool for providing air-conditioning load shed and enhancing the ability of customers on dynamic rates to respond to intermittent price events.

Herter, Karen; Wayland, Seth; Rasin, Josh

2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

92

Fractional cut: Improved recursive bisection placement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present improvements to recursive bisection based placement. In contrast to prior work, our horizontal cut lines are not restricted to row boundaries; this avoids a narrow region problem. To support these new cut line positions, a dynamic programming based legalization algorithm has been developed. The combination of these has improved the stability and lowered the wire lengths produced by our Feng Shui placement tool. On benchmarks derived from industry partitioning examples, our results are close to those of the annealing based tool Dragon, while taking only a fraction of the run time. On synthetic benchmarks, our wire lengths are nearly 23 % better than those of Dragon. For both benchmark suites, our results are substantially better than those of the recursive bisection based tool Capo and the analytic placement tool Kraftwerk. 1.

Ameya Agnihotri; Mehmet Can; Yildiz Ateen; Khatkhate Ajita; Mathur Satoshi; Ono Patrick; H. Madden

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

An evaluation of the bioclimatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in selected climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be successful in sustainable building design, architects must consider energy efficient design strategies in the early design stage. Unfortunately, many architects still rely on simplified analysis, synthesis techniques, and historical examples. Although, building energy simulations are becoming more common in the design of buildings, architects rarely use simulation in the early design stage. The "Bioclimatic" charts have been used in the early design stage to define potential building design strategies to achieve indoor thermal comfort. Currently, many architects use the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic design chart (Milne and Givoni, 1979), which was developed based on principle reasoning and heuristics. There have been many attempts to develop computerized programs to further the bioclimatic analysis; however, there have been very limited efforts to test and evaluate the design strategies of the chart using simulations of a thermostatically-controlled building. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to promote comfortable buildings that reduce energy use through appropriate building design strategies. The objectives of the research are to develop a more accurate bioclimatic chart for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence by testing and evaluating the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart. The analysis is performed with DOE-2.1e program (Winkelmann, 1993) and TMY2 weather data (Marion and Urban, 1995) for several climates. To achieve these objectives, four main tasks were accomplished: 1) investigate the Givoni-Milne Bioclimatic Chart using representative weather data from several climates, 2) analyze and modify the design strategy boundaries using DOE-2 program and TMY2 weather data to simulate the effects of varied conditions of a thermostatically-controlled residence in different climates, 3) compare these new design strategy boundaries to the original Givoni-Milne design strategy boundaries, and 4) develop general guidelines for the new bioclimatic chart. In summary, there were some differences in the results from the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart and the DOE-2 simulation results. These results imply that without further modification, the G-M Chart may have only a limited use for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence. Therefore, to improve the usefulness of the bioclimatic chart the new bio-climatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in the hot-humid climate of Houston, Texas, was developed. This new bioclimatic chart for a thermostatically-controlled residence will be a useful tool for architects and engineers in the early design stage. Similar versions of the new bioclimatic for other climates could then be developed.

Visitsak, Sopa

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

An Evaluation of the Bioclimatic Chart for Choosing Design Strategies for a Thermostatically-controlled Residence in Selected Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be successful in sustainable building design, architects must consider energy efficient design strategies in the early design stage. Unfortunately, many architects still rely on simplified analysis, synthesis techniques, and historical examples. Although, building energy simulations are becoming more common in the design of buildings, architects rarely use simulation in the early design stage. The Bioclimatic charts have been used in the early design stage to define potential building design strategies to achieve indoor thermal comfort. Currently, many architects use the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic design chart (Milne and Givoni, 1979), which was developed based on principle reasoning and heuristics. There have been many attempts to develop computerized programs to further the bioclimatic analysis; however, there have been very limited efforts to test and evaluate the design strategies of the chart using simulations of a thermostatically-controlled building. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to promote comfortable buildings that reduce energy use through appropriate building design strategies. The objectives of the research are to develop a more accurate bioclimatic chart for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence by testing and evaluating the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart. The analysis is performed with DOE-2.1e program (Winkelmann, 1993) and TMY2 weather data (Marion and Urban, 1995) for several climates. To achieve these objectives, four main tasks were accomplished: 1) investigate the Givoni-Milne Bioclimatic Chart using representative weather data from several climates, 2) analyze and modify the design strategy boundaries using DOE-2 program and TMY2 weather data to simulate the effects of varied conditions of a thermostatically-controlled residence in different climates, 3) compare these new design strategy boundaries to the original Givoni-Milne design strategy boundaries, and 4) develop general guidelines for the new bioclimatic chart. In summary, there were some differences in the results from the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart and the DOE-2 simulation results. These results imply that without further modification, the G-M Chart may have only a limited use for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence. Therefore, to improve the usefulness of the bioclimatic chart the new bio-climatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in the hot-humid climate of Houston, Texas, was developed. This new bioclimatic chart for a thermostatically-controlled residence will be a useful tool for architects and engineers in the early design stage. Similar versions of the new bioclimatic for other climates could then be developed.

Visitsak, Sopa

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

An evaluation of the bioclimatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in selected climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be successful in sustainable building design, architects must consider energy efficient design strategies in the early design stage. Unfortunately, many architects still rely on simplified analysis, synthesis techniques, and historical examples. Although, building energy simulations are becoming more common in the design of buildings, architects rarely use simulation in the early design stage. The Bioclimatic charts have been used in the early design stage to define potential building design strategies to achieve indoor thermal comfort. Currently, many architects use the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic design chart (Milne and Givoni, 1979), which was developed based on principle reasoning and heuristics. There have been many attempts to develop computerized programs to further the bioclimatic analysis; however, there have been very limited efforts to test and evaluate the design strategies of the chart using simulations of a thermostatically-controlled building. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to promote comfortable buildings that reduce energy use through appropriate building design strategies. The objectives of the research are to develop a more accurate bioclimatic chart for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence by testing and evaluating the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart. The analysis is performed with DOE-2.1e program (Winkelmann, 1993) and TMY2 weather data (Marion and Urban, 1995) for several climates. To achieve these objectives, four main tasks were accomplished: 1) investigate the Givoni-Milne Bioclimatic Chart using representative weather data from several climates, 2) analyze and modify the design strategy boundaries using DOE-2 program and TMY2 weather data to simulate the effects of varied conditions of a thermostatically-controlled residence in different climates, 3) compare these new design strategy boundaries to the original Givoni-Milne design strategy boundaries, and 4) develop general guidelines for the new bioclimatic chart. In summary, there were some differences in the results from the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart and the DOE-2 simulation results. These results imply that without further modification, the G-M Chart may have only a limited use for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence. Therefore, to improve the usefulness of the bioclimatic chart the new bio-climatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in the hot-humid climate of Houston, Texas, was developed. This new bioclimatic chart for a thermostatically-controlled residence will be a useful tool for architects and engineers in the early design stage. Similar versions of the new bioclimatic for other climates could then be developed.

Visitsak, Sopa

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 2): American Thermostat site, South Cairo, Green County, New York (second remedial action). Final report, June 29, 1990  

SciTech Connect

The 8-acre American Thermostat (AT) site is a former thermostat assembly facility in South Cairo, Greene County, New York. From 1954 to 1985, thermostats for small appliances were assembled using machine oils, lubricants, and solvents in the process. Waste chemical sludges were disposed of directly into drains and dumped onsite for dust control. In 1983, an interim consent order was signed requiring AT to clean up the site; however, this was never implemented before plant operations ceased in 1985. A 1988 Record of Decision (ROD) provided for a permanent alternate water supply for approximately 43 affected residents. The final ROD addresses remediation of all remaining contaminated media at the site. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil, sediment, sludge, debris, ground water, and surface water are VOCs including PCE and TCE; other organics; and metals including arsenic, chromium, and lead.

Not Available

1990-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

97

Relay placement problem in smart grid deployment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we give an overview of power grid, smart grid, Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), and the deployment cost analysis step by step. The importance between Relay Placement Problem (RPP) and the deployment cost in an AMI system is highlighted. ...

Wei-Lun Wang; Quincy Wu

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Optimal placement of mesh points in wireless mesh networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A strategic placement of mesh points (MPs) in a Wireless Mesh Network (WMN) is essential to maximize the throughput of the network. In this paper, we address the problem of MPs placement for throughput optimization in WMN with consideration of routing ... Keywords: gateway placement, throughput optimization, wireless mesh network

Suk Yu Hui; Kai Hau Yeung; Kin Yeung Wong

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Stochastic Programming Approaches for the Placement of Gas Detectors in Process Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The release of flammable and toxic chemicals in petrochemical facilities is a major concern when designing modern process safety systems. While the proper selection of the necessary types of gas detectors needed is important, appropriate placement of these detectors is required in order to have a well-functioning gas detection system. However, the uncertainty in leak locations, gas composition, process and weather conditions, and process geometries must all be considered when attempting to determine the appropriate number and placement of the gas detectors. Because traditional approaches are typically based on heuristics, there exists the need to develop more rigorous optimization based approaches to handling this problem. This work presents several mixed-integer programming formulations to address this need. First, a general mixed-integer linear programming problem is presented. This formulation takes advantage of precomputed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations to determine a gas detector placement that minimizes the expected detection time across all scenarios. An extension to this formulation is added that considers the overall coverage in a facility in order to improve the detector placement when enough scenarios may not be available. Additionally, a formulation considering the Conditional-Value-at-Risk is also presented. This formulation provides some control over the shape of the tail of the distribution, not only minimizing the expected detection time across all scenarios, but also improving the tail behavior. In addition to improved formulations, procedures are introduced to determine confidence in the placement generated and to determine if enough scenarios have been used in determining the gas detector placement. First, a procedure is introduced to analyze the performance of the proposed gas detector placement in the face of unforeseen scenarios, or scenarios that were not necessarily included in the original formulation. Additionally, a procedure for determine the confidence interval on the optimality gap between a placement generated with a sample of scenarios and its estimated performance on the entire uncertainty space. Finally, a method for determining if enough scenarios have been used and how much additional benefit is expected by adding more scenarios to the optimization is proposed. Results are presented for each of the formulations and methods presented using three data sets from an actual process facility. The use of an off-the-shelf toolkit for the placement of detectors in municipal water networks from the EPA, known as TEVA-SPOT, is explored. Because this toolkit was not designed for placing gas detectors, some adaptation of the files is necessary, and the procedure for doing so is presented.

Legg, Sean W

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Markov sets?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We deduce a polynomial estimate on a compact planar set from a polynomial estimate on its circular projection, which enables us to prove Markov and Bernstein-Walsh type inequalities for certain sets. We construct totally disconnected Markov sets, that are scattered around zero in different directions; a Markov set E ? R such that neither E?[0, +?) nor E?(??, 0] admit Markovs inequality; a Markov set that is not unifomly perfect. Finally, we propose a construction based on a generalization of iterated function systems a way of obtaining a big family of uniformly perfect sets.

L. Bia?as-cie?; M. Kosek; L. Bia?as-cie?; M. Kosek; L. Bia?as-cie?; M. Kosek

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

First TMS MGI Fellow Selected for White House Placement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

09/25 - First TMS MGI Fellow Selected for White House Placement. Maureen Byko The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Telephone: 800-759-4867, ext.

102

Predictors of Nursing Home Placement for Home Care Consumers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of nursing home placement for individuals receiving home care services through a locally funded levy program. (more)

Nelson, Ian M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Placement of network services in a sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important challenge in designing a wireless sensor network is to maximise the network's lifetime. In a hierarchical cluster-based network, a key design issue is the placement of cluster heads (data loggers) such that the total power ... Keywords: beacons, cluster heads, clustering, data loggers, energy conservation, sensor localisation, service placement, wireless networks, wireless sensor networks

Jennifer Yick; Gregory Pasternack; Biswanath Mukherjee; Dipak Ghosal

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Computer science principles: analysis of a proposed advanced placement course  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze the CS Principles project, a proposed Advanced Placement course, by focusing on the second pilot that took place in 2011-2012. In a previous publication the first pilot of the course was explained, but not in a context related ... Keywords: advanced placement, national pilot, portfolio assessment

Andrea Arpaci-Dusseau; Owen Astrachan; Dwight Barnett; Matthew Bauer; Marilyn Carrell; Rebecca Dovi; Baker Franke; Christina Gardner; Jeff Gray; Jean Griffin; Richard Kick; Andy Kuemmel; Ralph Morelli; Deepa Muralidhar; R Brook Osborne; Chinma Uche

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A malware detector placement game for intrusion detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose and investigate a game-theoretic approach to the malware filtering and detector placement problem which arises in network security. Our main objective is to develop optimal detector algorithms taking into account attacker strategies and actions. ... Keywords: game theory, monitor placement, network-based intrusion detection

Stephan Schmidt; Tansu Alpcan; ?ahin Albayrak; Tamer Ba?ar; Achim Mueller

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

QoS-aware replica placement for grid computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the QoS-aware replica placement problem. Although there has been much research on the problem, most approaches focus on the average system performance and ignore the quality assurance issue. However, quality assurance is crucial, ... Keywords: data grids, greedy-cover algorithm, quality-of-service, replica placement, simulated-annealing algorithm

Jan-Jan Wu; Shu-Fan Shih; Hsiangkai Wang; Pangfeng Liu; Chien-Min Wang

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Acomni: an alternative smart thermostat interface to aid end users to visualize energy and cost tradeoffs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Home energy made up nearly 25% of all energy consumed in the US in 2010, and 31% of this energy is estimated to come from home heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Currently, the inputs available to a homeowner (temperature set ...

Xiao Qin; Susan Lysecky; Jonathan Sprinkle

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Rough sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rough set theory, introduced by Zdzislaw Pawlak in the early 1980s [11, 12], is a new mathematical tool to deal with vagueness and uncertainty. This approach seems to be of fundamental importance to artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive sciences, ...

Zdzislaw Pawlak; Jerzy Grzymala-Busse; Roman Slowinski; Wojciech Ziarko

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Thermal via placement in 3D ICs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As thermal problems become more evident, new physical design paradigms and tools are needed to alleviate them. Incorporating thermal vias into integrated circuits (ICs) is a promising way of mitigating thermal issues by lowering the thermal resistance of the chip itself. However, thermal vias take up valuable routing space, and therefore, algorithms are needed to minimize their usage while placing them in areas where they would make the greatest impact. With the developing technology of three-dimensional integrated circuits (3D ICs), thermal problems are expected to be more prominent, and thermal vias can have a larger impact on them than in traditional 2D ICs. In this paper, thermal vias are assigned to specific areas of a 3D IC and used to adjust their effective thermal conductivities. The thermal via placement method makes iterative adjustments to these thermal conductivities in order to achieve a desired maximum temperature objective. Finite element analysis (FEA) is used in formulating the method and in calculating temperatures quickly during each iteration. As a result, the method efficiently achieves its thermal objective while minimizing the thermal via utilization.

Brent Goplen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

A Risk-Based Sensor Placement Methodology  

SciTech Connect

A sensor placement methodology is proposed to solve the problem of optimal location of sensors or detectors to protect population against the exposure to and effects of known and/or postulated chemical, biological, and/or radiological threats. Historical meteorological data are used to characterize weather conditions as wind speed and direction pairs with the percentage of occurrence of the pairs over the historical period. The meteorological data drive atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling of the threats, the results of which are used to calculate population at risk against standard exposure levels. Sensor locations are determined via a dynamic programming algorithm where threats captured or detected by sensors placed in prior stages are removed from consideration in subsequent stages. Moreover, the proposed methodology provides a quantification of the marginal utility of each additional sensor or detector. Thus, the criterion for halting the iterative process can be the number of detectors available, a threshold marginal utility value, or the cumulative detection of a minimum factor of the total risk value represented by all threats.

Lee, Ronald W [ORNL; Kulesz, James J [ORNL

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

A new clustering approach and its application to BBL placement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach for clustering applied to Building Block placement is presented. Unlike traditional approaches, which only consider local factors such as connectivity and shape matching of blocks in a cluster, our approach (called the GAC method) not ...

M. Y. Yu; X. L. Hong; Y. E. Lien; Z. Z. Ma; J. G. Bo; W. J. Zhuang

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Light Logger Placement Guidelines for Residential Lighting Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New technological advancements in lighting have increased the efficiency of residential lighting loads. Light loggers, which use a photocell to sense when lights are on or off, provide valuable metering information for use in measuring technology effectiveness and designing marketing programs. Placement of the loggers is critical to the accuracy and reliability of the measurements. This report provides placement recommendations for various types of lighting, expected accuracy compared to metered energy, ...

1996-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

113

Horizontal Well Placement Optimization in Gas Reservoirs Using Genetic Algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Horizontal well placement determination within a reservoir is a significant and difficult step in the reservoir development process. Determining the optimal well location is a complex problem involving many factors including geological considerations, reservoir and fluid properties, economic costs, lateral direction, and technical ability. The most thorough approach to this problem is that of an exhaustive search, in which a simulation is run for every conceivable well position in the reservoir. Although thorough and accurate, this approach is typically not used in real world applications due to the time constraints from the excessive number of simulations. This project suggests the use of a genetic algorithm applied to the horizontal well placement problem in a gas reservoir to reduce the required number of simulations. This research aims to first determine if well placement optimization is even necessary in a gas reservoir, and if so, to determine the benefit of optimization. Performance of the genetic algorithm was analyzed through five different case scenarios, one involving a vertical well and four involving horizontal wells. The genetic algorithm approach is used to evaluate the effect of well placement in heterogeneous and anisotropic reservoirs on reservoir recovery. The wells are constrained by surface gas rate and bottom-hole pressure for each case. This project's main new contribution is its application of using genetic algorithms to study the effect of well placement optimization in gas reservoirs. Two fundamental questions have been answered in this research. First, does well placement in a gas reservoir affect the reservoir performance? If so, what is an efficient method to find the optimal well location based on reservoir performance? The research provides evidence that well placement optimization is an important criterion during the reservoir development phase of a horizontal-well project in gas reservoirs, but it is less significant to vertical wells in a homogeneous reservoir. It is also shown that genetic algorithms are an extremely efficient and robust tool to find the optimal location.

Gibbs, Trevor Howard

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

An Ocean Dynamical Thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of ocean dynamics in the regulation of tropical sea surface temperatures (SSTs) is investigated using the Zebiak-Cane coupled occan-atmosphere model. The model is forced with a uniform heating, or cooling, varying between 40 W m?2 into ...

Amy C. Clement; Richard Seager; Mark A. Cane; Stephen E. Zebiak

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Sensor Placement + Optimization Software (SPOT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sensor Placement + Optimization Software (SPOT) Sensor Placement + Optimization Software (SPOT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: SPOT Agency/Company /Organization: Architectural Energy Corporation Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings, Energy Efficiency Topics: Technology characterizations Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.archenergy.com/SPOT/ Cost: Free Language: English References: http://www.archenergy.com/SPOT/ SPOT(tm) is intended to assist a designer in quantifying the existing or intended electric lighting and annual daylighting characteristics of a given space and to help establish the optimal photosensor placement for the space relative to annual performance and annual energy savings. The software was developed with classroom daylighting in mind, but can be used

116

PMU Placement for Dynamic State Tracking of Power Systems  

SciTech Connect

Accurately tracking the state variables (rotor angle and speed) is a necessity for monitoring system stability conditions and assessing the risks of large-scale system collapse. This paper explores how the number and locations of PMUs installed in the system are determined to ensure satisfactory state tracking performance. A search algorithm is presented for determining PMU placement (location and quantity). The algorithm determines a placement that gives small tracking error in polynomial time. A modified, scalable algorithm is also presented. Observability in the presence of faults is considered. Simulation results for a 16-machine and a 50-machine system are provided.

Sun, Yannan; Du, Pengwei; Huang, Zhenyu; Kalsi, Karanjit; Diao, Ruisheng; Anderson, Kevin K.; Li, Yulan; Lee, Barry

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

117

Exclusive Preferential Placement as Search Diversion: Evidence from Flight Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the incentives for a two-sided intermediary to divert consumers to its favored destinations. Using a quasi-experiment to control for search intent, we identify and measure the impact of a search engines exclusive award of preferential placement to its own service. We find that Googles differential placement of its Flight Search service led to a 65 % decrease in click-through rates for non-paid algorithmic links and an 85 % increase in click-through rates for paid advertising listings of competing online travel agencies. Moreover, the exclusive integration of search engine services into search results disproportionately impacted traffic to popular sites.

Benjamin Edelman; Zhenyu Lai; Andrei Hagiu; Ian Larkin; Greg Lewis; Michael Luca; Al Roth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

RQL: Global placement via relaxed quadratic spreading and linearization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a simple and effective quadratic placement algorithm called RQL. We show that a good quadratic placement, followed by local wirelength-driven spreading can produce excellent results on large-scale industrial ASIC designs. As opposed to the current top performing academic placers [4,7,11], RQL does not embed a linearization technique within the solver. Instead, it only requires a simpler, pure quadratic objective function in the spirit of [8,10,23]. Experimental results show that RQL outperforms all available academic placers on the ISPD-2005 placement contest benchmarks. In particular, RQL obtains an average wirelength improvement of 2.8%, 3.2%, 5.4%, 8.5%, and 14.6% versus mPL6 [5], NTUPlace3 [7], Kraftwerk [20], APlace2.0 [11], and Capo10.2 [18], respectively. In addition, RQL is three, seven, and ten times faster than mpL6, Capo10.2, and APlace2.0, respectively. On the ISPD-2006 placement contest benchmarks, on average, RQL obtains the best scaled wirelength among all available academic placers.

Natarajan Viswanathan; Gi-joon Nam; Charles J. Alpert; Paul Villarrubia; Haoxing Ren; Chris Chu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Component supervision by sensor placement on bond-graph model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The component supervision procedure consists of the comparison of the actual behaviour with the reference behaviour which describes the normal mode. The analytical redundancy has to find relations between known variables of the system. These relations ... Keywords: bond graphs, causal paths, modelling, sensors placement, supervision

M. Khemliche; B. Ould Bouamama; A. Khellaf; M. Mostefa

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Optimized relay node placement for connecting disjoint wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) often operate in a harsh environment such as battlefield and may suffer simultaneous failure of multiple sensors that cause the network to become partitioned into disjoint segments. In order to prevent the application ... Keywords: Connectivity restoration, Network partitioning, Relay node placement, Wireless sensor networks

Sookyoung Lee; Mohamed Younis

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Efficient solution space exploration based on segment trees in analog placement with symmetry constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The traditional way of approaching devicelevel placement problems for analog layout is to explore a huge search space of absolute placement representations, where cells are allowed to illegally overlap during their moves [2, 7, 8]. This paper presents ...

Florin Balasa; Sarat C. Maruvada; Karthik Krishnamoorthy

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Predictions of thermal comfort and pollutant distributions for a thermostatically-controlled, air-conditioned, partitioned room: Numerical results and enhanced graphical presentation  

SciTech Connect

An index of local thermal comfort and pollutant distributions have been computed with the TEMPEST computer code, in a transient simulation of an air-conditioned enclosure with an incomplete partition. This complex three-dimensional air conditioning problem included forced ventilation through inlet veins, flow through a partition, remote return air vents, and infiltration source, a pollutant source, and a thermostatically controlled air conditioning system. Five forced ventilation schemes that varied in vent areas and face velocities were simulated. Thermal comfort was modeled as a three-dimensional scalar field dependent on the fluid velocity and temperature fields; where humidity activity levels, and clothing were considered constants. Pollutants transport was incorporated through an additional constituent diffusion equation. Six distinct graphic techniques for the visualization of the three-dimensional data fields of air velocity, temperature, and comfort index were tested. 4 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

White, M.D.; Eyler, L.L.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Critical Path-Based Thread Placement for NUMA Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multicore multiprocessors use Non Uniform Memory Architecture (NUMA) to improve their scalability. However,NUMA introduces performance penalties due to remote memory accesses. Without efficiently managing data layout and thread mapping to cores, scientific applications, even if they are optimized for NUMA, may suffer performance loss. In this paper, we present an algorithm that optimizes the placement of OpenMP threads on NUMA processors. By collecting information from hardware counters and defining new metrics to capture the effects of thread placement, the algorithm reduces NUMA performance penalty by minimizing the critical path of OpenMP parallel regions and by avoiding local memory resource contention. We evaluate our algorithm with NPB benchmarks and achieve performance improvement between 8.13% and 25.68%, compared to the OS default scheduling.

Su, Chun-Yi [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Li, Dong [ORNL; Nikolopoulos, Dimitrios [FORTH-ICS; Grove, Matthew [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Cameron, Kirk W. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); de Supinski, Bronis R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Optimization of Well Placement in a Gulf of Mexico Waterflooding Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determination of the location of new wells is a complex problem that depends on reservoir and fluid properties, well and surface equipment specifications, and economic criteria. Various approaches have been proposed for this problem. Among those, direct optimization using the simulator as the evaluation function, although accurate, is in most cases infeasible due to the number of simulations required. In this study a hybrid optimization technique based on the genetic algorithm (GA), polytope algorithm, kriging algorithm and neural networks is proposed. Hybridization of the GA with these helper methods introduces hill-climbing into the stochastic search and also makes use of proxies created on the fly. Performance of the technique was investigated on a set of exhaustive simulations for the single well placement problem and it was observed that the number of simulations required was reduced significantly. This reduction in the number of simulations reduced the computation time, enabling...

Baris Guyaguler Roland N. Horne; Leah Rogers; Jacob J. Rosenzweig

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Interoperability Context-Setting Framework  

SciTech Connect

As the deployment of automation technology advances, it touches upon many areas of our corporate and personal lives. A trend is emerging where systems are growing to the extent that integration is taking place with other systems to provide even greater capabilities more efficiently and effectively. GridWise provides a vision for this type of integration as it applies to the electric system. Imagine a time in the not too distant future when homeowners can offer the management of their electricity demand to participate in a more efficient and environmentally friendly operation of the electric power grid. They will do this using technology that acts on their behalf in response to information from other components of the electric system. This technology will recognize their preferences to parameters such as comfort and the price of energy to form responses that optimize the local need to a signal that satisfies a higher-level need in the grid. For example, consider a particularly hot day with air stagnation in an area with a significant dependence on wind generation. To manage the forecasted peak electricity demand, the bulk system operator issues a critical peak price warning. Their automation systems alert electric service providers who distribute electricity from the wholesale electricity system to consumers. In response, the electric service providers use their automation systems to inform consumers of impending price increases for electricity. This information is passed to an energy management system at the premises, which acts on the homeowners behalf, to adjust the electricity usage of the onsite equipment (which might include generation from such sources as a fuel cell). The objective of such a system is to honor the agreement with the electricity service provider and reduce the homeowners bill while keeping the occupants as comfortable as possible. This will include actions such as moving the thermostat on the heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) unit up several degrees. The resulting load reduction becomes part of an aggregated response from the electricity service provider to the bulk system operator who is now in a better position to manage total system load with available generation. Looking across the electric system, from generating plants, to transmission substations, to the distribution system, to factories, office parks, and buildings, automation is growing, and the opportunities for unleashing new value propositions are exciting. How can we facilitate this change and do so in a way that ensures the reliability of electric resources for the wellbeing of our economy and security? The GridWise Architecture Council (GWAC) mission is to enable interoperability among the many entities that interact with the electric power system. A good definition of interoperability is, The capability of two or more networks, systems, devices, applications, or components to exchange information between them and to use the information so exchanged. As a step in the direction of enabling interoperability, the GWAC proposes a context-setting framework to organize concepts and terminology so that interoperability issues can be identified and debated, improvements to address issues articulated, and actions prioritized and coordinated across the electric power community.

Widergren, Steven E.; Hardin, Dave; Ambrosio, Ron; Drummond, R.; Gunther, E.; Gilchrist, Grant; Cohen, David

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

126

Adjunctive Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement for Acute Pulmonary Embolism  

SciTech Connect

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are sometimes placed as an adjunct to full anticoagulation in patients with significant pulmonary embolism (PE). We aimed to determine the prevalence of adjunctive IVC filter placement in individuals diagnosed with PE, as well as the effect of adjunctive filter placement on mortality in patients with right heart strain associated with PE. This was a retrospective study of patients with acute PE treated with full anticoagulation admitted to a single academic medical center. Information abstracted from patient charts included presence or absence of right heart strain and of deep-vein thrombosis, and whether or not an IVC filter was placed. The endpoint was in-hospital mortality. Over 2.75 years, we found that 248 patients were diagnosed with acute PE, with an in-hospital mortality rate of 4.4%. The prevalence of adjunctive IVC filter placement was 13.3% (33 of 248), and the prevalence of documented right heart strain was 27.0% (67 of 248). In-hospital mortality was 10.2% in the non-filter-treated group (5 of 49), whereas there were no deaths in the filter-treated group (0 of 18); however, the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.37). Both the presence of deep-vein thrombosis and of right heart strain increased the likelihood that an adjunctive IVC filter was placed (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.001, respectively). At our institution, patients were treated with IVC filters in addition to anticoagulation in 13.3% of cases of acute PE. Prospective studies or large clinical registries should be conducted to clarify whether this practice improves outcomes.

Jha, V. M., E-mail: vjha@mfa.gwu.ed [George Washington University Medical Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine (United States); Lee-Llacer, J. [George Washington University Medical Center, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine (United States); Williams, J.; Ubaissi, H.; Gutierrez, G. [George Washington University Medical Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Surgical Approaches to Epicardial Pacemaker Placement: Does Pocket Location Affect Lead Survival?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Epicardial Pacemaker Placement: Does Pocket Location Affectfailure for any reason, does not differ between retrocostal,is an institutional bias and does not re?ect the suitability

Lichtenstein, Brian J.; Bichell, David P.; Connolly, Dana M.; Lamberti, John J.; Shepard, Suzanne M.; Seslar, Stephen P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Group home placement for children with serious emotional disturbance| A grant proposal project.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this project was to propose a group home for the placement of seriously emotionally disturbed children who have been victims of (more)

LeBlanc, Lorinda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Placement of Traffic Barriers on Roadside and Median Slopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cross median crashes have become a serious problem in recent years. Most of the median cross sections used for divided highways have terrains with steep slopes. Traffic barriers, frequently used on slopes, are generally designed based on the findings obtained from crash tests performed on flat terrain. For barriers placed on roadside and median slopes, vehicle impact height varies depending on the trajectory of the vehicle along the ditch section and lateral offset of the barrier. Thus depending on the placement location on a relatively steep slope, a barrier can be impacted by an errant vehicle at height and orientation more critical compared to those considered during its design. Hence, detailed study of performance of barriers on roadside and median slopes is needed to achieve acceptable safety performance. In this study, performances of modified G4(1S) W-beam, Midwest Guardrail System (MGS), modified Thrie-beam, modified weak post W-beam, and box-beam guardrail systems on sloped terrains are investigated using numerical simulations. A procedure is developed that provide guidance for their placement on roadside and median slopes. The research approach consists of nonlinear finite element analyses and multi-rigid-body dynamic analyses approach. Detailed finite element representation for each of the barriers is developed using LS-DYNA. Model fidelity is assessed through comparison of simulated and measured responses reported in full scale crash test studies conducted on flat terrain. LS-DYNA simulations of vehicle impacts on barriers placed on flat terrain at different impact heights are performed to identify performance limits of the barriers in terms of acceptable vehicle impact heights. The performances of the barriers are evaluated following the guidelines provided in NCHRP Report 350. Multi-rigid-body dynamic analysis code, CARSIM, is used to identify trajectories of the vehicles traversing various roadside and median cross-slopes. After analyzing vehicle trajectories and barrier performance limits, a guideline has been prepared with recommendations for the placement of barriers along roadside and median slopes. This guideline is then verified and refined using the responses obtained from full-scale LS-DYNA simulations. These simulations capture the full encroachment event from departure of the vehicle off the traveled way through impact with the barrier.

Ferdous, Md Rubiat

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Impact Of Standing Bleed Water On Saltstone Placement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The amount of water present during placement and subsequent curing of saltstone has the potential to impact several properties important for grout quality. An active drain water system can remove residual standing water and expose the surface of the placed saltstone to air. Oxidation of the saltstone may result in an increase in the leachability of redox sensitive elements. A dry surface can lead to cracking, causing an increase in hydraulic conductivity. An inactive drain water system can allow standing water that generates unnecessary hydrostatic head on the vault walls. Standing water that cannot be removed via the drain system will be available for potential incorporation into subsequent grout placements. The objective of this work is to study the impact of standing water on grout quality pertaining to disposal units. A series of saltstone mixes were prepared, and cured at ambient temperature to evaluate the impact of standing water on saltstone placement. The samples were managed to control drying effects on leachability by either exposing or capping the samples. The water to premix ratio was varied to represent a range of processing conditions. Samples were analyzed for density, leachability, and hydraulic conductivity. A monolith of each composition was cut into four sections to analyze the homogeneity of the sample with respect to vertical position within the sample. The density of each section was measured by two methods, helium pycnometry and by ASTM 642-06. The results show a trend of increasing density with increasing depth in the samples. This effect is more pronounced with the inclusion of excess bleed water and indicative of increased settling. The leachability of the eight different samples was analyzed by ANS/ANSI 16.1 method. These results indicate that drying of the saltstone during curing leads to decreased Leachability Indices (indicative of more release) for potassium, sodium, rhenium, nitrite, and nitrate. This may be caused by shrinkage cracking in the samples creating additional pathways for contaminant release. There was no noticeable effect on leachability by changing the water to premix ratio or by including excess bleed water. There was no detectable chromium release in any of the samples. Chromium and rhenium were added in equal amounts to determine whether rhenium might be an acceptable surrogate for chromium, a hazardous material. This testing shows no correlation between the behavior of the two elements, as chromium is not released at detectable levels and rhenium is released at a comparable rate to nitrate, the most prevalent and mobile species in saltstone.

Cozzi, A. D.; Pickenheim, B. R.

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

131

CDIAC Temperature Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Temperature CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Temperature Data Global Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data TypeFormat Period of Record NASA GISS Surface Temperature...

132

Model falsification diagnosis and sensor placement for leak detection in pressurized pipe networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pressurized pipe networks used for fresh-water distribution can take advantage of recent advances in sensing technologies and data-interpretation to evaluate their performance. In this paper, a leak-detection and a sensor placement methodology are proposed ... Keywords: Data interpretation, Leak detection, Sensor placement, System identification, Water distribution

James-A. Goulet, Sylvain Coutu, Ian F. C. Smith

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

GA based energy loss minimization approach for optimal sizing & placement of distributed generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed Generators (DG) provide the lowest cost solution to handle low voltage or overload problems. In conjunction with such problems, a technique of energy saving is introduced by placement of distributed generation (DG) in distribution systems. ... Keywords: Distributed generation (DG), energy saving, genetic algorithms (GA), optimal sizing and placement

Deependra Singh; Devender Singh; K. S. Verma

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Detailed placement for leakage reduction using systematic through-pitch variation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel detailed placement technique that accounts for systematic through-pitch variations to reduce leakage. Leakage depends nearly exponentially on linewidth (gate length), and even small variations in linewidth introduce large variability ... Keywords: aCLV, detailed placement, leakage, lithography, through-pitch

Andrew B. Kahng; Swamy Muddu; Puneet Sharma

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Application of Dixon resultant to satellite trajectory control by pole placement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Control system design process based on pole placement frequently requires to solve underdetermined multivariate polynomial systems. Since only the real solutions can be accepted for hardware implementation, we are looking for exclusively these roots. ... Keywords: Dixon resultant, Multivariate polynomial system, Pole placement, Satellite control, Symbolic-numeric computation

B. PalNcz

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

In-situ soil moisture sensing: Optimal sensor placement and field estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of optimal sensor placement in the context of soil moisture sensing. We show that the soil moisture data possesses some unique features that can be used together with the commonly used Gaussian assumption to construct more scalable, ... Keywords: 2D/3D sensor placement, Gaussian process, Gaussian regression, Soil moisture, coarse-grained orderings

Xiaopei Wu; Mingyan Liu; Yue Wu

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Descriptions of Task Order Schedules and Placement of Pricing Information  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RFP DE-RP36-06GO96031 RFP DE-RP36-06GO96031 10/11/2007 ATTACHMENT J-5 DESCRIPTIONS OF TASK ORDER SCHEDULES AND PLACEMENT OF PRICING INFORMATION J-5.1 DESCRIPTIONS OF TASK ORDER (TO) SCHEDULES (SCHEDULE TEMPLATES ARE PROVIDED IN ATTACHMENT J-6) J-5.1.1 Schedule TO-1 (Preliminary Assessment - PA) - Proposed Guaranteed Cost Savings and Contractor Payments - Schedule TO-1 (PA) shall be submitted to present the contractor's estimated cost savings, proposed guaranteed cost savings, and contractor payments. TO-1 (PA) values submitted may be in estimated ranges. Based on the preliminary survey and agency discussions, the contractor shall submit a completed Schedule TO-1 (PA) containing: A. Column (a) - Contractor submits proposed estimated cost savings during the implementation period, prior to full project acceptance (see most recent version

138

Descriptions of Task Order Schedules and Placement of Pricing Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RFP DE-RP36-06GO96031 RFP DE-RP36-06GO96031 10/11/2007 ATTACHMENT J-5 DESCRIPTIONS OF TASK ORDER SCHEDULES AND PLACEMENT OF PRICING INFORMATION J-5.1 DESCRIPTIONS OF TASK ORDER (TO) SCHEDULES (SCHEDULE TEMPLATES ARE PROVIDED IN ATTACHMENT J-6) J-5.1.1 Schedule TO-1 (Preliminary Assessment - PA) - Proposed Guaranteed Cost Savings and Contractor Payments - Schedule TO-1 (PA) shall be submitted to present the contractor's estimated cost savings, proposed guaranteed cost savings, and contractor payments. TO-1 (PA) values submitted may be in estimated ranges. Based on the preliminary survey and agency discussions, the contractor shall submit a completed Schedule TO-1 (PA) containing: A. Column (a) - Contractor submits proposed estimated cost savings during the implementation period, prior to full project acceptance (see most recent version

139

Acid Placement in Acid Jetting Treatments in Long Horizontal Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the Middle East, extended reach horizontal wells (on the order of 25,000 feet of horizontal displacement) are commonly acid stimulated by jetting acid out of drill pipe. The acid is jetted onto the face of the openhole wellbore as the drill pipe is withdrawn from the well. The jetting action helps to remove the drilling fluid filter cake and promote the acid to penetrate into the formation and form wormholes to stimulate the well. However, with very long sections of wellbore open to flow, the acid placement and subsequent wormhole distribution and penetration depths are uncertain. This study has modeled the acid jetting process using a comprehensive model of acid placement and wormhole propagation in a horizontal well. It is presumed that the acid jetting tool removes the drilling mud filter cake, so that no filter cake exists between the end of the drill pipe and the toe of the well. Correspondingly, the model also assumes that there is an intact, low-permeability filter cake on the borehole wall between the end of the drill pipe and the heel of the well. The drill pipe is modeled as being withdrawn from the well during the acid jetting treatment, as is done in practice. The acidizing simulator predicts the distribution of acid and the depths of wormholes formed as functions of time and position during the acid jetting treatment. The model shows that the acid jetting process as typically applied in these wells preferentially stimulates the toe region of the horizontal well. Comparisons of the simulation predictions with published data for acid jetting treatments in such wells showed good general agreement. Based on the simulation study, this study presents recommendations for improved acid jetting treatment procedures to improve the distribution of acid injected into the formation.

Sasongko, Hari

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

What's in a Test? ESL and English Placement Tests in California's Community Colleges and Implications for US-Educated Language Minority Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

evaluated on these two writing tests reveals that these two2004). Can placement tests inform instructional decisions?WHATS IN A TEST? ESL and English Placement

Llosa, Lorena; Bunch, George

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

ARM - Related Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govDataRelated Data Sets Related Data Sets Numerous ARM collaborators compile and share similar types of data from their own research efforts. The links below provide a lengthy...

142

NACP Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Set Released The ORNL DAAC is pleased to announce the release of a Global Soil data set : A Global Database of Gas Fluxes from Soils after Rewetting or Thawing, Version 1.0 . Data...

143

Optimal Reservoir Management and Well Placement Under Geologic Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reservoir management, sometimes referred to as asset management in the context of petroleum reservoirs, has become recognized as an important facet of petroleum reservoir development and production operations. In the first stage of planning field development, the simulation model is calibrated to dynamic data (history matching). One of the aims of the research is to extend the streamline based generalized travel time inversion method for full field models with multimillion cells through the use of grid coarsening. This makes the streamline based inversion suitable for high resolution simulation models with decades long production history and numerous wells by significantly reducing the computational effort. In addition, a novel workflow is proposed to integrate well bottom-hole pressure data during model calibration and the approach is illustrated via application to the CO2 sequestration. In the second stage, field development strategies are optimized. The strategies are primarily focused on rate optimization followed by infill well drilling. A method is proposed to modify the streamline-based rate optimization approach which previously focused on maximizing sweep efficiency by equalizing arrival time of the waterfront to producers, to account for accelerated production for improving the net present value (NPV). Optimum compromise between maximizing sweep efficiency and maximizing NPV can be selected based on a 'trade-off curve.' The proposed method is demonstrated on field scale application considering geological uncertainty. Finally, a novel method for well placement optimization is proposed that relies on streamlines and time of flight to first locate the potential regions of poorly swept and drained oil. Specifically, the proposed approach utilizes a dynamic measure based on the total streamline time of flight combined with static and dynamic parameters to identify "Sweet-Spots" for infill drilling. The "Sweet-Spots" can be either used directly as potential well-placement locations or as starting points during application of a formal optimization technique. The main advantage of the proposed method is its computational efficiency in calculating dynamic measure map. The complete workflow was also demonstrated on a multimillion cell reservoir model of a mature carbonate field with notable success. The infill locations based on dynamic measure map have been verified by subsequent drilling.

Taware, Satyajit Vijay

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Rules for contrast sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a technique to derive rules describing contrast sets. Contrast sets are a formalism to represent groups differences. We propose a novel approach to describe directional contrasts using rules where the contrasting effect is partitioned ... Keywords: Bonferroni adjustment, Contrast Sets, Fisher exact test, association rules

Paulo J. Azevedo

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

A greedy algorithm for capacity-constrained surrogate placement in CDNs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One major factor that heavily affects the performance of a content distribution network (CDN) is placement of the surrogates. Previous works take a network-centric approach and consider only the network traffic. In this paper, we propose solutions to ...

Yifeng Chen; Yanxiang He; Jiannong Cao; Jie Wu

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Unified high-level synthesis and module placement for defect-tolerant microfluidic biochips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microfluidic biochips promise to revolutionize biosensing and clinical diagnostics. As more bioassays are executed concurrently on a biochip, system integration and design complexity are expected to increase dramatically. This problem is also identified ... Keywords: biochip, defect tolerance, microfluidics, placement, synthesis

Fei Su; Krishnendu Chakrabarty

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Model-Based Sensor Placement for Component Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis in Fossil Energy Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sensor Placement for Sensor Placement for Component Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis in Fossil Energy Systems Background Fossil fuel power plants generate approximately two-thirds of the world's total electricity and are expected to continue this important role in the years ahead. Increasing global energy demands, aging and inefficient power plants, and increasingly stricter emission requirements will require high levels of performance, available capacity, efficiency, and

148

VibroTactor: low-cost placement-aware technique using vibration echoes on mobile devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a low-cost placement-aware technique, called VibroTactor, which allows mobile devices to determine where they are placed (e.g., in a pocket, on a phone holder, on the bed, or on the desk). This is achieved by filtering and analyzing ... Keywords: context-aware, pattern recognition, placement detection, pseudo sensor, sensor repurposing, vibration echoes

Sungjae Hwang; Kwangyun Wohn

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

NACP Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is pleased to announce the release of a data set associated with The North American Carbon Program (NACP): NACP North American Forest Dynamics Project: Forest Disturbance and...

150

Balanced fuzzy sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a new approach to fuzzy sets and uncertain information based on an observation of asymmetry of classical fuzzy operators. Parallel is drawn between symmetry and negativity of uncertain information. The hypothesis is raised that classical ... Keywords: Balanced norms, Fuzzy sets, Membership functions, Negative information, Triangular norms, Uninorms and nullnorms

W?adys?aw Homenda

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Skill Set Training Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MGTP-002 Skill Set/Training Process 11_0502 Page 1 of 7 MGTP-002 Skill Set/Training Process 11_0502 Page 1 of 7 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Skill Set/Training Process Document Number: MGTP-002 Rev. 11_0502 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Documents: MGTF-002 Skill Set Model, MGTF-003 Training Review/Record, MGTF-004 New Employee Checklist, MGTF-005 Departing Employee Checklist, MGTF-006 Position Descriptions MGTP-002 Skill Set/Training Process 11_0502 Page 2 of 7 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial revision B Made minor, non-content editorial changes based on internal audit results 08_0805 Minor, non-content editorial changes based on internal audit results

152

NACP Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is pleased to announce the release of a data set associated is pleased to announce the release of a data set associated with The North American Carbon Program (NACP): NACP: MODIS Daily Land Incident 4-km PAR Images for North America, 2003-2005 . Data set prepared by S. Liang and D. Wang. This data set contains daily Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) land incident photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) Images over North America for the years 2003 - 2005. The daily images were derived by integrating MODIS/Terra and MODIS/Aqua instantaneous PAR data where the instantaneous PAR data is estimated directly from Terra or Aqua MODIS 5-min L1b swath data (Liang et al., 2006 and Wang et al., 2010). The spatial distribution of this data set includes the MODIS tile subsets covering North America, Central America, portions of South America, and

153

Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

natural gas equipment and set-back thermostats. Rebates are available for furnaces, boilers, integrated space and water heating systems, programmable thermostats, water heaters...

154

NACP Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NACP Aboveground Biomass and Carbon Baseline Data (NBCD 2000), U.S.A., 2000 NACP Aboveground Biomass and Carbon Baseline Data (NBCD 2000), U.S.A., 2000 . Data set prepared by J. Kellndorfer, W. Walker, K. Kirsch, G. Fiske, J. Bishop, L. LaPoint, M. Hoppus, and J. Westfall. The NBCD 2000 (National Biomass and Carbon Dataset for the Year 2000) data set provides a high-resolution (30 m) map of year-2000 baseline estimates of basal area-weighted canopy height, aboveground live dry biomass, and standing carbon stock for the conterminous United States. This data set distributes, for each of 66 map zones, a set of six raster files in GeoTIFF format. There is a detailed README companion file for each map zone. There is also an ArcGIS shapefile with the boundaries of all the map zones. A mosaic image of biomass at 240-m resolution for the whole conterminous U.S. is

155

CDIAC Precipitation Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Precipitation Precipitation CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Precipitation Data Global Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 1 (CDIAC NDP-041) R.S. Vose et al. Stations data; monthly totals Varies by station; through 1990 Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 2 (Note: the above link takes you to NOAA's National Climatic Data Center website.) R.S. Vose et al. Station data; monthly totals Varies by station; some through most recent month A Computer-Based Atlas of Global Instrumental Climate Data (CDIAC DB-1003) R.S. Bradley et al. Monthly, seasonal, and annual anomaly maps of precipitation 1851 - 1989 Regional Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record

156

data_sets.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DATA SETS DATA SETS T est your technology with real data from RMOTC. RMOTC offers its non-proprietary data free of charge under certain terms and conditions. If you or your organization is interested in receiving any or all of the data sets, con- tact RMOTC at 888.599.2200 or talk@ rmotc.doe.gov. Offi ce of Fossil Energy Partnering to Power the World Terms of Use The data contained on RMOTC's data CDs is non-proprietary. Its intended use is for scientifi c research, testing and demonstrat- ing software,training end-users, and as an exploration/produc- tion analog. In order to track the data sets and their use, your contact information must be provided for RMOTC's records. If you use any of RMOTC's data in a presentation or publication, acknowledge RMOTC and the U.S. Department of Energy as the

157

Problem Set 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Set 1. ESS 138 Remote Sensing. Due April 26 th in lab. Choose 1 of 7 land cover types to ground truth in Southern California and identify your team, working with the T.A. Possible...

158

Packing sets of patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Packing density is a permutation occurrence statistic which describes the maximal number of permutations of a given type that can occur in another permutation. In this article we focus on containment of sets of permutations. Although this question has ...

Alexander Burstein; Peter Hst

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

NACP Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ECHIDNA Lidar Campaigns: Forest Canopy Imagery and Field Data, U.S.A., 2007-2009 . Data set prepared by A. Strahler, C. Schaaf, C. Woodcock, D. Jupp, D. Culvenor, G. Newnham, R....

160

Real world optimal UPFC placement and its impact on reliability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

UPFC allows simultaneous control of active power flow, reactive power flow, and voltage magnitude at the UPFC terminals. These characteristics give UPFC the capability to enhance the performance of the power system during various operating conditions. ... Keywords: genetic algorithm (GA), optimal location, optimal setting, outage cost, reliability, unified power flow controller (UPFC)

Ahmed M. Othman; Exander Gaun; Matti Lehtonen; Mahdi El-Arini

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Building Technologies Office: Schedule Setting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Schedule Setting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Schedule Setting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Schedule Setting on Delicious Rank Building...

162

Using Evolution Strategy with Meta-models for Well Placement Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimum implementation of non-conventional wells allows us to increase considerably hydrocarbon recovery. By considering the high drilling cost and the potential improvement in well productivity, well placement decision is an important issue in field development. Considering complex reservoir geology and high reservoir heterogeneities, stochastic optimization methods are the most suitable approaches for optimum well placement. This paper proposes an optimization methodology to determine optimal well location and trajectory based upon the Covariance Matrix Adaptation - Evolution Strategy (CMA-ES) which is a variant of Evolution Strategies recognized as one of the most powerful derivative-free optimizers for continuous optimization. To improve the optimization procedure, two new techniques are investigated: (1). Adaptive penalization with rejection is developed to handle well placement constraints. (2). A meta-model, based on locally weighted regression, is incorporated into CMA-ES using an approximate ranking ...

Bouzarkouna, Zyed; Auger, Anne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

ENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

governments. Covered actions include, but are not limited to: programmed lowering of thermostat settmgs. placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water...

164

TRACKING ACCELERATOR SETTINGS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recording setting changes within an accelerator facility provides information that can be used to answer questions about when, why, and how changes were made to some accelerator system. This can be very useful during normal operations, but can also aid with security concerns and in detecting unusual software behavior. The Set History System (SHS) is a new client-server system developed at the Collider-Accelerator Department of Brookhaven National Laboratory to provide these capabilities. The SHS has been operational for over two years and currently stores about IOOK settings per day into a commercial database management system. The SHS system consists of a server written in Java, client tools written in both Java and C++, and a web interface for querying the database of setting changes. The design of the SHS focuses on performance, portability, and a minimal impact on database resources. In this paper, we present an overview of the system design along with benchmark results showing the performance and reliability of the SHS over the last year.

D OTTAVIO,T.; FU, W.; OTTAVIO, D.P.

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Setting E. C. priorities  

SciTech Connect

Presents a method for setting priorities for energy conservation by calculating potential savings based on cost of energy, energy usage intensity (Btu/ft/sup 2/), projected energy usage and size of the building. Equation for determining projected annual savings in dollars for a building encompasses all 4 factors.

Sampson, W.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

MEng Electrical Engineering student Mayure Daby is spending one year of his degree programme on placement working for National Grid.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on placement working for National Grid. I applied for a placement at National Grid for various reasons juggling tasks. I am currently involved in an innovative project that aims at recovering heat from transformers used on the UK electricity network to heat buildings, in a bid to reduce the carbon footprint

Stevenson, Mark

167

A combined sensor placement and convex optimization approach for thermal management in 3D-MPSoC with liquid cooling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern high-performance processors employ thermal management systems, which rely on accurate readings of on-die thermal sensors. Systematic tools for analysis and determination of best allocation and placement of thermal sensors is therefore a highly ... Keywords: 3D, Cooling, Liquid, MPSoC, Management, Placement, Thermal

Francesco Zanini; David Atienza; Giovanni De Micheli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS (TO APPEAR) 1 Optimal Placement of Phasor Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their deployment on every bus, which in turn motivates their strategic placement across the power grid. As state estimation is at the core of grid monitoring, PMU deployment is optimized here based on estimation concentrators. Merits of PMUs (a.k.a. synchrophasors) over conventional power meters include in- creased

Giannakis, Georgios

169

Reducing electricity cost through virtual machine placement in high performance computing clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we first study the impact of load placement policies on cooling and maximum data center temperatures in cloud service providers that operate multiple geographically distributed data centers. Based on this study, we then propose dynamic ... Keywords: computing cloud, cooling, energy, multi-data-center

Kien Le; Ricardo Bianchini; Jingru Zhang; Yogesh Jaluria; Jiandong Meng; Thu D. Nguyen

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Fast and effective multi-objective optimisation of wind turbine placement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The single-objective yield optimisation of wind turbine placements on a given area of land is already a challenging optimization problem. In this article, we tackle the multi-objective variant of this problem: we are taking into account the wake effects ... Keywords: multi-objective optimisation, wind farm layout, wind power

Raymond Tran; Junhua Wu; Christopher Denison; Thomas Ackling; Markus Wagner; Frank Neumann

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Relay node placement in structurally damaged wireless sensor networks via triangular steiner tree approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have many applications which operate in hostile environments. Due to the harsh surroundings, WSNs may suffer from a large scale damage that causes many nodes to fail simultaneously and the network to get partitioned into ... Keywords: Fault-tolerance, Network segmentation, Relay node placement, Wireless sensor networks

Fatih Senel; Mohamed Younis

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

An algorithm for automatic base station placement in cellular network deployment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optimal base station placement is a serious task in cellular wireless networks. In this paper we propose a method that automatically distributes the base stations on a studied scenario, maintaining coverage requirement and enabling the transmission ... Keywords: capacity, cellular network planning, coverage

Istvn Trs; Pter Fazekas

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Towards energy-efficient workload placement in Data Centers Rania Elnaggar (student & presenter) , Raj Yavatkar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, energy costs in DCs maintain an upward trend that is poised to surpass the cost of the equipmentTowards energy-efficient workload placement in Data Centers Rania Elnaggar (student & presenter Computing. Energy efficiency becomes critical to DCs as they continue to grow in size and capacity. In fact

Walpole, Jonathan

174

Pole-Zero Placement Technique Based Hydro Turbine Speed Governor Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to different structure of hydraulic systems combined with hydro-turbine for hydropower plant, the 5order nonlinear control model of hydro turbine speed governor system for hydraulic system which composed of reservoir-tunnel-surge-penstock-generator ... Keywords: Hydro turbine speed governor system, pole-zero placement, Nonlinear control, PID

Fan-Nie Kong; Xiao-Cong Li

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Wireless Sensor Node Placement Using Hybrid Genetic Programming and Genetic Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ease of use and re-configuration in a wireless network has played a key role in their widespread growth. The node deployment problem deals with an optimal placement strategy of the wireless nodes. This paper models a wireless sensor network, consisting ... Keywords: Genetic Algorithms, Genetic Programming, Hierarchical Genetic Algorithms, Node Deployment, Wireless Sensor Networks Optimization

Arpit Tripathi; Pulkit Gupta; Aditya Trivedi; Rahul Kala

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

RTP: robust tenant placement for elastic in-memory database clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the cloud services industry, a key issue for cloud operators is to minimize operational costs. In this paper, we consider algorithms that elastically contract and expand a cluster of in-memory databases depending on tenants' behavior over time while ... Keywords: cloud computing, data placement, fault tolerance, in-memory databases, multi tenancy

Jan Schaffner; Tim Januschowski; Megan Kercher; Tim Kraska; Hasso Plattner; Michael J. Franklin; Dean Jacobs

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Improving Endurance of Autonomous Aerial Vehicles through Intelligent Service-Station Placement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving Endurance of Autonomous Aerial Vehicles through Intelligent Service-Station Placement Roy and the nature of the application. We present these algorithms in the context of a generic survey application location per flight, and not at more general survey applications such as search and rescue, surveillance

Minnesota, University of

178

Application of genetic algorithm to optimize burnable poison placement in pressurized water reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An efficient and a practical genetic algorithm tool was developed and applied successfully to Burnable Poisons (BPs) placement optimization problem in the reference Three Mile Island-1 (TMI-1) core. Core BP optimization problem means developing a BP ... Keywords: burnable poison, decision variables, gadolinium, genetic algorithm, nuclear, optimization, reactor

Serkan Yilmaz; Kostadin Ivanov; Samuel Levine

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Sink placement on a 3D terrain for border surveillance in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With their distributed nature and redundant operation capability, wireless sensor networks are very suitable for border surveillance scenarios that track intruders trying to breach to a safe side. In such scenarios, keeping the operation going on for ... Keywords: Border surveillance, Discrete event simulation, Genetic algorithms, Sink placement, Three dimensional terrain, Wireless sensor networks

Rabun Kosar; Cem Ersoy

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Gastrostomy Tube Placement Without Nasogastric Tube: A Retrospective Evaluation in 85 Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Our study evaluated techniques for percutaneous gastrostomy (G)-tube placement without the use of a nasogastric (NG) tube. Instead, direct puncture of a physiologic air bubble or effervescent-enhanced gastric bubble distention was performed in patients with upper digestive tract obstruction (UDTO) or psychological objections to NG tubes. Materials and Methods: A total of 886 patients underwent G-tube placement in our department during a period of 7 years. We present our series of 85 (9.6%) consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous G-tube placement without use of an NG tube. Results: Of these 85 patients, fluoroscopic guided access was attempted by direct puncture of a physiologically present gastric air bubble in 24 (28%) cases. Puncture of an effervescent-induced large gastric air bubble was performed in 61 (72%) patients. Altogether, 82 (97%) of 85 G tubes were successfully placed in this fashion. The three failures comprised refusal of effervescent, vomiting of effervescent, and one initial tube misplacement when a deviation from our standard technique occurred. Conclusion: The described techniques compare favorably with published large series on G-tube placement with an NG tube in place. The techniques are especially suited for patients with UDTO due to head, neck, or esophageal malignancies, but they should be considered as an alternative in all patients. Direct puncture of effervescent-enhanced gastric bubble distention is a safe, patient-friendly and effective technique.

Heberlein, Wolf E., E-mail: weheberlein@uams.edu; Goodwin, Whitney J.; Wood, Clint E.; Yousaf, Muhammad; Culp, William C. [University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Department of Radiology (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

I/O Congestion Avoidance via Routing and Object Placement  

SciTech Connect

As storage systems get larger to meet the the demands of petascale systems, careful planning must be applied to avoid congestion points and extract the maximum performance. In addition, the large size of the data sets generated by such systems makes it desirable for all compute resources in a center to have common access to this data without needing to copy it to each machine. This paper describes a method of placing I/O close to the storage nodes to minimize contention on Cray's SeaStar2+ network, and extends it to a routed Lustre configuration to gain the same benefits when running against a center-wide file system. Our experiments show performance improvements for both direct attached and routed file systems.

Dillow, David A [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL; Zhang, Zhe [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Index Sets and Vectorization  

SciTech Connect

Vectorization is data parallelism (SIMD, SIMT, etc.) - extension of ISA enabling the same instruction to be performed on multiple data items simultaeously. Many/most CPUs support vectorization in some form. Vectorization is difficult to enable, but can yield large efficiency gains. Extra programmer effort is required because: (1) not all algorithms can be vectorized (regular algorithm structure and fine-grain parallelism must be used); (2) most CPUs have data alignment restrictions for load/store operations (obey or risk incorrect code); (3) special directives are often needed to enable vectorization; and (4) vector instructions are architecture-specific. Vectorization is the best way to optimize for power and performance due to reduced clock cycles. When data is organized properly, a vector load instruction (i.e. movaps) can replace 'normal' load instructions (i.e. movsd). Vector operations can potentially have a smaller footprint in the instruction cache when fewer instructions need to be executed. Hybrid index sets insulate users from architecture specific details. We have applied hybrid index sets to achieve optimal vectorization. We can extend this concept to handle other programming models.

Keasler, J A

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

183

Seven LBA Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LBA-ECO Data Sets Released The ORNL DAAC and the LBA DIS announce the release of one data set from the CD-06 Carbon Dynamics team, and six data sets from the Land Use-Land Change...

184

SAFARI 2000 Data Sets Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Land Surface Temperature Data Set Available The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a new SAFARI 2000 data set. The data set "SAFARI 2000 AVHRR-derived Land Surface Temperature...

185

Hydroclimatology Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Quality and Water Quality and Spectral Reflectance, Peace-Athabasca Delta, Canada, 2010 - 2011 , prepared by Colleen Long and Tamlin Pavelsky. This data set includes water quality and site characteristics data for June and July 2010 and June and July 2011, and spectral reflectance of the water surface for 2011. Data were originally collected to study the spatial transferability of models that relate suspended sediment concentration to remotely sensed water surface reflectance, and to further understand changes in hydrologic recharge in the Peace-Athabasca Delta. The Peace-Athabasca Delta (PAD) is a hydrologically complex and ecologically diverse freshwater delta formed by the confluence of the Peace, Athabasca, and Birch Rivers near the western end of Lake Athabasca,

186

CDIAC Snow Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Snowfall and Snow Depth Snowfall and Snow Depth CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Snow Data Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record United States Historical Climatology Network M. Menne et al. Station data; daily snowfall and snow depth Varies by station; through 2010 Daily Snow Depth Measurements from 195 Stations in the United States (CDIAC NDP-059) D. Easterling et al. Station data; daily snow depth Varies by station; max. period is 1893-1992 Six- and Three-Hourly Meteorological Observations from 223 Former U.S.S.R. Stations (CDIAC NDP-048) V. Razuvaev et al. Station data; 6- and 3-hourly state of any snowcover on ground; occurrance of snowfall in past and present weather observations Varies by station; through 2000 Two Long-Term Instrumental Climatic Data Bases of the People's Republic of China

187

Tool setting device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a tool setting device for use with numerically controlled machine tools, such as lathes and milling machines. A reference position of the machine tool relative to the workpiece along both the X and Y axes is utilized by the control circuit for driving the tool through its program. This reference position is determined for both axes by displacing a single linear variable displacement transducer (LVDT) with the machine tool through a T-shaped pivotal bar. The use of the T-shaped bar allows the cutting tool to be moved sequentially in the X or Y direction for indicating the actual position of the machine tool relative to the predetermined desired position in the numerical control circuit by using a single LVDT.

Brown, Raymond J. (Clinton, TN)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

CDIAC Surface Wind Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface Wind CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Surface Wind Data Global Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data TypeFormat Period of Record Extended Edited Synoptic Cloud...

189

Southern African Data Sets Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

eleven southern African data sets for the Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000). These data sets, originally prepared in coordination with data investigators...

190

Storage Sizing and Placement through Operational and Uncertainty-Aware Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the penetration level of transmission-scale time-intermittent renewable generation resources increases, control of flexible resources will become important to mitigating the fluctuations due to these new renewable resources. Flexible resources may include new or existing synchronous generators as well as new energy storage devices. Optimal placement and sizing of energy storage to minimize costs of integrating renewable resources is a difficult optimization problem. Further,optimal planning procedures typically do not consider the effect of the time dependence of operations and may lead to unsatisfactory results. Here, we use an optimal energy storage control algorithm to develop a heuristic procedure for energy storage placement and sizing. We perform operational simulation under various time profiles of intermittent generation, loads and interchanges (artificially generated or from historical data) and accumulate statistics of the usage of storage at each node under the optimal dispatch. We develop a gre...

Dvijotham, Krishnamurthy; Chertkov, Misha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

A Parallel Row-Based Algorithm For Standard Cell Placement With Integrated Error Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new row-based parallel algorithm for standard-cell placement targeted for execution on a hypercube multiprocessor is presented. Key features of this implementation include a dynamic simulated-annealing schedule, row-partitioning of the VLSI chip image, and two novel approaches to control error in parallel cellplacement algorithms: (1) Heuristic Cell-Coloring; (2) Adaptive Sequence Length Control. 1. INTRODUCTION Simulated annealing is a general-purpose optimization method that has been successfully applied to solve a large variety of combinatorial optimization problems including many in VLSI design. Annealing is computationally very expensive, hence efforts to improve execution time has proceeded along two fronts: (1) accelerating the annealing schedule, and (2) parallelizing the annealing algorithm for execution on multiprocessors. Parallel implementations of annealing as applied to the cell placement application either attempt multiple cell moves in parallel [1-7], or distribute ...

Jeff S. Sargent; Prith Banerjee

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Path placement optimization of manipulators based on energy consumption: application to the orthoglide 3-axis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper deals with the optimal path placement for a manipulator based on energy consumption. It proposes a methodology to determine the optimal location of a given test path within the workspace of a manipulator with minimal electric energy used by the actuators while taking into account the geometric, kinematic and dynamic constraints. The proposed methodology is applied to the Orthoglide~3-axis, a three-degree-of-freedom translational parallel kinematic machine (PKM), as an illustrative example.

Ur-Rehman, Raza; Chablat, Damien; Wenger, Philippe

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Thin magnetic conductor substrate for placement-immune, electrically-small antennas.  

SciTech Connect

An antenna is considered to be placement-immune when the antenna operates effectively regardless of where it is placed. By building antennas on magnetic conductor materials, the radiated fields will be positively reinforced in the desired radiation direction instead of being negatively affected by the environment. Although this idea has been discussed thoroughly in theoretical research, the difficulty in building thin magnetic conductor materials necessary for in-phase field reflections prevents this technology from becoming more widespread. This project's purpose is to build and measure an electrically-small antenna on a new type of non-metallic, thin magnetic conductor. This problem has not been previously addressed because non-metallic, thin magnetic conductor materials have not yet been discovered. This work proposed the creation of an artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) with in-phase field reflections without using internal electric conductors, the placement of an electrically-small antenna on this magnetic conductor, and the development of a transmit-receive system that utilizes the substrate and electrically-small antenna. By not using internal electric conductors to create the AMC, the substrate thickness can be minimized. The electrically-small antenna will demonstrate the substrate's ability to make an antenna placement immune, and the transmit-receive system combines both the antenna and the substrate while adding a third layer of system complexity to demonstrate the complete idea.

Eubanks, Travis Wayne; McDonald, Jacob J.; Loui, Hung

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

NACP Site Data Set Published  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Data Set Published The ORNL DAAC is pleased to announce the release of a data set from the North American Carbon Program (NACP): NACP Site: Tower Meteorology, Flux...

195

Tectonic Settings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tectonic Settings Tectonic Settings Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Tectonic Settings Dictionary.png Tectonic Settings: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Map showing worldwide plate tectonics(reference: NASA) Plate tectonics - or the large scale movements of Earth's crusts - result in a number of distinct settings. Major tectonic settings that commonly host geothermal systems include subduction zones, rift zones, extensional regimes, and transtensional or strike-slip zones. Hot spots are thought to occur independent of tectonic activity but will be considered a tectonic setting in the context of geothermal areas because they do not fit into any other category. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Tectonic_Settings&oldid=600139"

196

Three New Data Sets Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Data Sets On-Line New Data Sets On-Line The ORNL DAAC announces the release of three new data sets. The data set "Global Maps of Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition, 1860, 1993, and 2050" provides global gridded estimates of atmospheric deposition of total inorganic nitrogen (N), NHx (NH3 and NH4+), and NOy (all oxidized forms of nitrogen other than N2O), in mg N/m2/year, for the years 1860 and 1993 and projections for the year 2050. Please visit the ORNL DAAC's Climate Collections web page for additional information about this data set. In addition, the ORNL DAAC has made available the data set entitled "Leaf Area Index Maps at 30-m Resolution, VALERI Site, Larose, Canada," which provides local LAI maps for the Larose (Ontario) site in Canada. The LAI data are suitable for use in modeling carbon, water, energy, and trace gas

197

Nuclear skill related training and job identification and placement service for migrant and seasonal farm workers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The success rate of the NSRT Program - based on placement in unsubsidized employment - was 90%. Most of the participants who did not graduate from the NSRT Program were transferred to other less technical programs, such as TAT, REECO, and the EAST/SLAC programs, and obtained skills that made them employable elsewhere. The follow-up process at the Center for Nuclear Studies continues. Officials here can list place of employment, technical rating, and salary of all of the 90 graduates. Several are now full-fledged nuclear reactor operators licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Endovascular Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion With Kissing Stent Placement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Blunt traumatic abdominal aortic dissection is extremely rare and potentially deadly. We present the case of a 62-year-old man involved in a frontal car crash. After emergency undergoing laparotomy for bowel injuries, he was referred to our hospital due to acute ischemia of bilateral lower extremities on day 3 after the trauma. Computed tomography and aortography showed an aortobiiliac dissection with complete occlusion. This injury was successfully treated by endovascular treatment with 'kissing'-technique stent placement, which appears to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment.

Idoguchi, Koji, E-mail: idoguchi@ares.eonet.ne.jp; Yamaguchi, Masato; Okada, Takuya [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Nomura, Yoshikatsu [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimura, Kazuro [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Okita, Yutaka [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimoto, Koji [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

General Outline for Conducting Quality Inspections and Tests of Concrete Placement at Nuclear Facilities: Standard and Optimized for Electronic Viewing Versions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This field guide provides a field-deployable resource for utility professionals who are responsible for inspecting and testing concrete placements at nuclear facilities. It addresses development and submittal of concrete mixes, qualification and inspection of batching facilities, qualification of testing agencies and personnel, review of construction procedures, and development of inspection and testing plans. It also provides checklists for pre-placement inspection; concrete conveyance; placement ...

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

200

Closed sets of nonlocal correlations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a fundamental concept - closed sets of correlations - for studying nonlocal correlations. We argue that sets of correlations corresponding to information-theoretic principles, or more generally to consistent physical theories, must be closed under a natural set of operations. Hence, studying the closure of sets of correlations gives insight into which information-theoretic principles are genuinely different, and which are ultimately equivalent. This concept also has implications for understanding why quantum nonlocality is limited, and for finding constraints on physical theories beyond quantum mechanics.

Allcock, Jonathan; Linden, Noah [Department of Mathematics, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TW (United Kingdom); Brunner, Nicolas; Popescu, Sandu; Skrzypczyk, Paul [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Vertesi, Tamas [Institute of Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 51, H-4001 Debrecen (Hungary)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

CDIAC Climate Reconstruction Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Reconstructions CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Climate Reconstruction Data Data Set Name Investigators Data TypeFormat Period of Record Historic isotopic temperature...

202

GENERALIZED SUPPORT SET INVARIANCY SENSITIVITY ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Type II sensitivity analysis (Support Set Invariancy Sen- ..... u are obtained by solving the following auxiliary. LO problems, respectively: ?LP l. = min. {. ?|(x(1)...

203

Prepare Mode: Setting up Runs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A4-end The value of motor 4 for the last point in the pattern. ... Field This invokes a menu for setting magnetic field conditions. ...

204

Accumulator Based Test Set Embedding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this paper a test set embedding based on accumulator driven by an odd additive constant is presented. The problem is formulated around finding the (more)

Sudireddy, Samara Simha Reddy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Set separation Neural Network paradigms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for forecasting financial time series 29 f´evrier 2008 Designing a neural network for forecasting financial time for forecasting financial time series #12;Neural Net The inputs Set separation Neural Network paradigms From network for forecasting financial time series #12;Neural Net The inputs Set separation Neural Network

Chen, Yiling

206

SAFARI 2000 Data Sets Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Sets Available Data Sets Available The ORNL DAAC announces the release of four data sets for the SAFARI 2000 project. Two data sets, "SAFARI 2000 TOMS Tropospheric Ozone Data, Southern Africa Subset, Dry Season 2000" and "SAFARI 2000 TOMS Aerosol Index Data, Southern Africa, Dry Season 2000," contain ozone and aerosol data from the Earth Probe (EP) Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) for the time period August-September 2000. The data set "SAFARI 2000 AVHRR Daily Site (1.5 km) and 15-Day Regional (1.5- and 6-km) Imagery" contains remotely sensed satellite data products at the site and regional level provided by the Global Inventory Mapping and Modeling (GIMMS) group at NASA/GSFC. These Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data contain site extracts of SAFARI core sites (Mongu,

207

Five LBA Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use-Land Change Data Sets Released Use-Land Change Data Sets Released The ORNL DAAC and the LBA DIS announce the release of three data sets from the Land Use-Land Change teams, components of the LBA-ECO Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). LBA-ECO LC-09 Land Cover Transitions Maps for Study Sites in Para, Brazil: 1970-2001 . Data set prepared by E.S. Brondizio and E.F. Moran. This data set includes classified land cover transition maps at 30-m resolution derived from Landsat TM, MSS, ETM+ imagery and aerial photos of Altamira, Santarem, and Ponta de Pedras, in the state of Para, Brazil. The Landsat images were classified into several types of land use and subjected to change detection analysis to create transition matrices of land cover change. LBA-ECO LC-22 Post-deforestation Land Use, Mato Grosso, Brazil:

208

RMOTC - Field Information - Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data sets Data sets The U.S. Department of Energy has made its RMOTC data sets available on CD-ROM for use in scientific research, testing, demonstration, and training. Non-proprietary seismic, well log, core, and GIS data are available at no charge with some restrictions (see Terms of Use). Contact Us to request a copy of any or all of the data sets. Well Log Data Log Curve LAS Files (900 wells) Teapot Dome Well Headers (1,300 wells) Directional Surveys Formation Log Tops & Formation Codes Key Teapot Dome Base Map NPR-3 Type Log Teapot Dome Geologic Column RMOTC Well Log Data Set, CD Image Core Data Tensleep Formation, 300 ft core Core Pore/Perm Analysis LAS Files FMI Log Mud Log Core Descriptions Core Photos RMOTC Core Data, CD Image Seismic Data 2D Seismic Data 3D Seismic Data (SEGY)

209

CT-Guided Fiducial Placement for CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiosurgery: An Initial Experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CyberKnife frameless image-guided radiosurgery has become a widely used system for parenchymal extracranial lesions. Gold fiducials are required for the planning and aiming of CyberKnife therapy. We report our initial experience and describe the technique of positioning tumor markers, under CT guidance. We conducted a retrospective review of 105 patients who were referred for CyberKnife stereotactic radiosurgery at Iatropolis CyberKnife Center in Athens. All patients underwent percutaneous fiducial placement via CT guidance. At the desired location, the 18-G needle was advanced into or near the tumor. Data collected included number and locations of fiducials placed and complications experienced to date. One hundred five patients underwent fiducial placement under CT guidance and a total number of 319 gold seeds were implanted. We experienced one episode of pneumothorax that required drainage, one mild pneumothorax, and three episodes of perifocal pulmonary hemorrhage. In conclusion, fiducial implantation under CT guidance appears to be a safe and efficient procedure, as long as it is performed by an experienced interventional radiologist.

Sotiropoulou, Evangelia ['Sotiria' General Hospital of Chest Diseases (Greece); Stathochristopoulou, Irene [Iatropolis CyberKnife Center (Greece); Stathopoulos, Konstantinos ['Sotiria' General Hospital of Chest Diseases (Greece); Verigos, Kosmas; Salvaras, Nikolaos [Iatropolis CyberKnife Center (Greece); Thanos, Loukas, E-mail: loutharad@yahoo.co ['Sotiria' General Hospital of Chest Diseases (Greece)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

ANALYSIS TOOLS FOR SIZING AND PLACEMENT OF ENERGY STORAGE IN GRID APPLICATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report was to review pertinent literature and studies to identify current state-of-the-art models and analytical tools that optimize the siting, sizing, and economic value of energy storage in a smart grid infrastructure. In recent decades, research and development has significantly improved the cost and reliability of energy storage systems. However, a relatively small percentage of that work has focused on engineering tools for integrating energy storage into existing or future electric grids. This literature review revealed that only a small number of software tools exist, and that those tools only partially address the needs for placement, sizing, and overall control strategies of stationary energy storage within a smart grid infrastructure. None of the tools comprehensively captures the benefits of energy storage, which would reveal all of the potential values. None of the tools or models provides optimization features that identify optimal placement and sizing options within a transmission or distribution system context. This review identifies a need for tool development to fill the gap in the grid analytics and provides some recommendations of guiding principles for advancing the analytical capabilities needed for the engineering and grid planning communities.

Hoffman, Michael G.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; DeSteese, John G.; Sadovsky, Artyom

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

211

Effectively reasoning about infinite sets in answer set programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In answer set programming (ASP), one does not allow the use of function symbols. Disallowing function symbols avoids the problem of having logic programs which have stable models of excessively high complexity. For example, Marek, Nerode, and Remmel ...

Victor Marek; Jeffrey B. Remmel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Methods for Detector Placement and Analysis of Criticality Accident Alarm Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determining the optimum placement to minimize the number of detectors for a criticality accident alarm system (CAAS) in a large manufacturing facility is a complex problem. There is typically a target for the number of detectors that can be used over a given zone of the facility. A study to optimize detector placement typically begins with some initial guess at the placement of the detectors and is followed by either predictive calculations of accidents at specific locations or adjoint calculations based on preferred detector locations. Within an area of a facility, there may be a large number of potential criticality accident sites. For any given placement of the detectors, the list of accident sites can be reduced to a smaller number of locations at which accidents may be difficult for detectors to detect. Developing the initial detector placement and determining the list of difficult accident locations are both based on the practitioner's experience. Simulations following fission particles released from an accident location are called 'forward calculations.' These calculations can be used to answer the question 'where would an alarm be triggered?' by an accident at a specified location. Conversely, 'adjoint calculations' start at a detector site using the detector response function as a source and essentially run in reverse. These calculations can be used to answer the question 'where would an accident be detected?' by a specified detector location. If the number of accidents, P, is much less than the number of detectors, Q, then forward simulations may be more convenient and less time-consuming. If Q is large or the detectors are not placed yet, then a mesh tally of dose observed by a detector at any location must be computed over the entire zone. If Q is much less than P, then adjoint calculations may be more efficient. Adjoint calculations employing a mesh tally can be even more advantageous because they do not rely on a list of specific difficult-to-detect accident sites, which may not have included every possible accident location. Analog calculations (no biasing) simply follow particles naturally. For sparse buildings and line-of-sight calculations, analog Monte Carlo (MC) may be adequate. For buildings with internal walls or large amounts of heavy equipment (dense geometry), variance reduction may be required. Calculations employing the CADIS method use a deterministic calculation to create an importance map and a matching biased source distribution that optimize the final MC to quickly calculate one specific tally. Calculations employing the FW-CADIS method use two deterministic calculations (one forward and one adjoint) to create an importance map and a matching biased source distribution that are designed to make the MC calculate a mesh tally with more uniform uncertainties in both high-dose and low-dose areas. Depending on the geometry of the problem, the number of detectors, and the number of accident sites, different approaches to CAAS placement studies can be taken. These are summarized in Table I. SCALE 6.1 contains the MAVRIC sequence, which can be used to perform any of the forward-based approaches outlined in Table I. For analog calculations, MAVRIC simply calls the Monaco MC code. For CADIS and FW-CADIS, MAVRIC uses the Denovo discrete ordinates (SN) deterministic code to generate the importance map and biased source used by Monaco. An adjoint capability is currently being added to Monaco and should be available in the next release of SCALE. An adjoint-based approach could be performed with Denovo alone - although fine meshes, large amounts of memory, and long computation times may be required to obtain accurate solutions. Coarse-mesh SN simulations could be employed for adjoint-based scoping studies until the adjoint capability in Monaco is complete. CAAS placement studies, especially those dealing with mesh tallies, require some extra utilities to aid in the analysis. Detectors must receive a minimum dose rate in order to alarm; therefore, a simple yes/no plot could be more useful to the analyst t

Peplow, Douglas E. [ORNL; Wetzel, Larry [Babcock & Wilcox Nuclear Operations Group Inc.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

CDIAC Atmospheric Moisture Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Moisture Atmospheric Moisture CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Atmospheric Moisture Data Global Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Extended Edited Synoptic Cloud Reports from Ships and Land Stations Over the Globe, 1952-2009 (CDIAC NDP-026C) C.J. Hahn, S.G. Warren, and R. Eastman Six-hourly synoptic observations of dew point depression (combined with air temperature) Land 1971-2009; Ocean 1952-2008 Regional Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Six- and Three-Hourly Meteorological Observations from 223 Former U.S.S.R. Stations (CDIAC NDP-048) V. Razuvaev et al. Surface stations; 6- and 3-hourly observations of relative humidity, vapor pressure, humidity deficit, and dew point temperature Varies by station; through 2000

214

ORNL DAAC Data Set Retired  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Baseline Data (NBCD 2000), U.S.A., 2000, due to the release of a new version of the data set, NACP Aboveground Biomass and Carbon Baseline Data, Version. 2 (NBCD 2000), U.S.A.,...

215

SAFARI 2000 Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Set Released Set Released The ORNL DAAC announces the release of the data set "SAFARI 2000 MISR Level 2 Data, Southern Africa, Dry Season 2000". This data set is a product of the Southern African Regional Science Initiative containing 240 HDF-EOS formatted MISR Level 2 Top-of-Atmosphere/Cloud and Aerosol/Surface Products focused in a southern African study area which includes: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The MISR Level 2 Products are geophysical measurements derived from the Level 1B2 data which consists of parameters that have been geometrically corrected and projected to a standard map grid. The products are in swaths, each derived from a single MISR orbit, where the imagery is 360 km wide and

216

Southern African Data Sets Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

thirteen new Southern African data thirteen new Southern African data sets. Originally offered on the second CD-ROM volume prepared for the Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000) by the Goddard Space Flight Center, these data sets contain meteorological, aerosol, atmospheric chemistry, and precipitation data. In addition, this data release includes a new data set that compares Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection (ASTER) and Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) fire data from the dry season 2001. The SAFARI 2000 project was conducted during 1999-2001 to develop a better understanding of the earth-atmosphere-human system in southern Africa. These data sets focus primarily on the 2000 dry season— and September— the southern African region, defined as latitude 5° N to 35° S and

217

STAT 341 Problem set 1.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;7. A set of cheap light bulbs have a lifetime (in hours) which is exponentially distributed with the unknown mean . Choosing a random sample of the light bulbs light bulbs were still working. How would you define the likelihood function

Guttorp, Peter

218

On the Linking Set Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 24, 2007... 1,...,m, can be obtained by inspection setting xjt = 1 for t = argmini?{1,...,k}{cij ? i?} ..... The p-centers, SIAM J. Appl. Math., 37, 513538, 1979.

219

Improved Upscaling & Well Placement Strategies for Tight Gas Reservoir Simulation and Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tight gas reservoirs provide almost one quarter of the current U.S. domestic gas production, with significant projected increases in the next several decades in both the U.S. and abroad. These reservoirs constitute an important play type, with opportunities for improved reservoir simulation & management, such as simulation model design, well placement. Our work develops robust and efficient strategies for improved tight gas reservoir simulation and management. Reservoir simulation models are usually acquired by upscaling the detailed 3D geologic models. Earlier studies of flow simulation have developed layer-based coarse reservoir simulation models, from the more detailed 3D geologic models. However, the layer-based approach cannot capture the essential sand and flow. We introduce and utilize the diffusive time of flight to understand the pressure continuity within the fluvial sands, and develop novel adaptive reservoir simulation grids to preserve the continuity of the reservoir sands. Combined with the high resolution transmissibility based upscaling of flow properties, and well index based upscaling of the well connections, we can build accurate simulation models with at least one order magnitude simulation speed up, but the predicted recoveries are almost indistinguishable from those of the geologic models. General practice of well placement usually requires reservoir simulation to predict the dynamic reservoir response. Numerous well placement scenarios require many reservoir simulation runs, which may have significant CPU demands. We propose a novel simulation-free screening approach to generate a quality map, based on a combination of static and dynamic reservoir properties. The geologic uncertainty is taken into consideration through an uncertainty map form the spatial connectivity analysis and variograms. Combining the quality map and uncertainty map, good infill well locations and drilling sequence can be determined for improved reservoir management. We apply this workflow to design the infill well drilling sequence and explore the impact of subsurface also, for a large-scale tight gas reservoir. Also, we evaluated an improved pressure approximation method, through the comparison with the leading order high frequency term of the asymptotic solution. The proposed pressure solution can better predict the heterogeneous reservoir depletion behavior, thus provide good opportunities for tight gas reservoir management.

Zhou, Yijie

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Impact Of Standing Water On Saltstone Placement II - Hydraulic Conductivity Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The amount of water present during placement and subsequent curing of saltstone has the potential to impact several properties important for grout quality. An active drain water system can remove residual standing water and expose the surface of the placed saltstone to air. Oxidation of the saltstone may result in an increase in the leachability of redox sensitive elements. A dry surface can lead to cracking, causing an increase in hydraulic conductivity. An inactive drain water system can allow standing water that generates unnecessary hydrostatic head on the vault walls. Standing water that cannot be removed via the drain system will be available for potential incorporation into subsequent grout placements. The objective of this work is to study the impact of standing water on grout quality pertaining to disposal units. A series of saltstone mixes was prepared and cured at ambient temperature to evaluate the impact of standing water on saltstone placement. The samples were managed to control drying effects on leachability by either exposing or capping the samples. The water to premix ratio was varied to represent a range of processing conditions. Samples were analyzed for density, leachability, and hydraulic conductivity. Report SRNL-STI-2012-00546 was issued detailing the experimental procedure, results, and conclusions related to density and leachability. In the previous report, it was concluded that: density tends to increase toward the bottom of the samples. This effect is pronounced with excess bleed water; drying of the saltstone during curing leads to decreased Leachability Index (more leaching) for potassium, sodium, rhenium, nitrite, and nitrate; there is no noticeable effect on saltstone oxidation/leachability by changing the water to premix ratio (over the range studied), or by pouring into standing water (when tested up to 10 volume percent). The hydraulic conductivity data presented in this report show that samples cured exposed to the atmosphere had about three orders of magnitude higher hydraulic conductivity than any of the other samples. Considering these data, along with the results presented in the previous report, leads to the conclusion that small changes in water to premix ratio and the inclusion of up to 10 volume percent standing water should not be expected to have a detrimental effect on saltstone grout quality. The hydraulic conductivity results further demonstrate that curing in a moist environment is critical to maintaining saltstone quality.

Cozzi, A. D.; Pickenheim, B. R.

2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A Fast and Effective Local Search Algorithm for Optimizing the Placement of Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The placement of wind turbines on a given area of land such that the wind farm produces a maximum amount of energy is a challenging optimization problem. In this article, we tackle this problem, taking into account wake effects that are produced by the different turbines on the wind farm. We significantly improve upon existing results for the minimization of wake effects by developing a new problem-specific local search algorithm. One key step in the speed-up of our algorithm is the reduction in computation time needed to assess a given wind farm layout compared to previous approaches. Our new method allows the optimization of large real-world scenarios within a single night on a standard computer, whereas weeks on specialized computing servers were required for previous approaches.

Wagner, Markus; Neumann, Frank

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Detecting and mitigating abnormal events in large scale networks: budget constrained placement on smart grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several scenarios exist in the modern interconnected world which call for an efficient network interdiction algorithm. Applications are varied, including various monitoring and load shedding applications on large smart energy grids, computer network security, preventing the spread of Internet worms and malware, policing international smuggling networks, and controlling the spread of diseases. In this paper we consider some natural network optimization questions related to the budget constrained interdiction problem over general graphs, specifically focusing on the sensor/switch placement problem for large-scale energy grids. Many of these questions turn out to be computationally hard to tackle. We present a particular form of the interdiction question which is practically relevant and which we show as computationally tractable. A polynomial-time algorithm will be presented for solving this problem.

Santhi, Nandakishore [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pan, Feng [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

223

Sensor placement algorithm development to maximize the efficiency of acid gas removal unit for integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant with CO{sub 2} capture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants with CO{sub 2} capture will face stricter operational and environmental constraints. Accurate values of relevant states/outputs/disturbances are needed to satisfy these constraints and to maximize the operational efficiency. Unfortunately, a number of these process variables cannot be measured while a number of them can be measured, but have low precision, reliability, or signal-to-noise ratio. In this work, a sensor placement (SP) algorithm is developed for optimal selection of sensor location, number, and type that can maximize the plant efficiency and result in a desired precision of the relevant measured/unmeasured states. In this work, an SP algorithm is developed for an selective, dual-stage Selexol-based acid gas removal (AGR) unit for an IGCC plant with pre-combustion CO{sub 2} capture. A comprehensive nonlinear dynamic model of the AGR unit is developed in Aspen Plus Dynamics (APD) and used to generate a linear state-space model that is used in the SP algorithm. The SP algorithm is developed with the assumption that an optimal Kalman filter will be implemented in the plant for state and disturbance estimation. The algorithm is developed assuming steady-state Kalman filtering and steady-state operation of the plant. The control system is considered to operate based on the estimated states and thereby, captures the effects of the SP algorithm on the overall plant efficiency. The optimization problem is solved by Genetic Algorithm (GA) considering both linear and nonlinear equality and inequality constraints. Due to the very large number of candidate sets available for sensor placement and because of the long time that it takes to solve the constrained optimization problem that includes more than 1000 states, solution of this problem is computationally expensive. For reducing the computation time, parallel computing is performed using the Distributed Computing Server (DCS) and the Parallel Computing toolbox from Mathworks. In this presentation, we will share our experience in setting up parallel computing using GA in the MATLAB environment and present the overall approach for achieving higher computational efficiency in this framework.

Paul, P.; Bhattacharyya, D.; Turton, R.; Zitney, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on boilers, hot water, district heating, spot heating, andwood to charcoal to district heating. www.tecsoc.org/pubs/pellets) or via district heating systems. Air conditioning

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although heating and cooling for thermal comfort inconcerning health, thermal comfort, and alternative coolingand cooling costs while maintaining acceptable thermal

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a cave, heating and cooling for thermal comfort in dwellingsthermal environment and residents' control behavior of coolingthermal preferences and the operation of the heating and cooling

Meier, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comfort, and alternative cooling strategies. Occupants veryNon-Compressor Cooling Alternatives for Reducing Residential

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Tropical Thermostats and Low Cloud Cover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of subtropical stratus low cloud cover to moderate or amplify the tropical response to climate forcing such as increased CO2 is considered. Cloud radiative forcing over the subtropics is parameterized using an empirical relation ...

R. L. Miller

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Demand response-enabled residential thermostat controls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the utility. The electricity rates were generated basedat the different electricity rates and the users discomfortrates. Demand response measures have the effect of adding elasticity to the electricity

Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David; Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Demand response-enabled residential thermostat controls.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the utility. The electricity rates were generated basedat the different electricity rates and the users discomfortrates. Demand response measures have the effect of adding elasticity to the electricity

Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.; Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. Nevius, J.for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. Neme, C. ,for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. Hunt,

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neiman Eds. ) ACEEE, Washington, DC. Lutz, J. and Wilcox, B.Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. Nevius, J. and Pigg, S.Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. Neme, C. , Hamilton, B. ,

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Demand response-enabled residential thermostat controls.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

house and HVAC system. We have also developed optimizationoptimization, the system starts from default values and learns the dynamic behavior of a house and HVACHVAC system is completely under control of the DREAM. Test focuses on optimization

Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.; Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

saturation survey. California Energy Commission Report 400-the Elderly. A UERG California Energy Studies Report. UER-1984- 1988). California Energy Commission, Sacramento, CA.

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report on Applicability of Residential Ventilation StandardsCharacterization of Residential New Construction PracticesJ - Load Calculation for Residential Winter and Summer Air

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A persuasive GPS-controlled thermostat system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using 10 weeks of data from a couple living in an instrumented home, we report on the potential of context-aware power management for energy saving. We identify an opportunity to save on heating and cooling using a system ...

Gupta, Manu, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Demand response-enabled residential thermostat controls.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refrigeration, & Air-Conditioning Engineers. Auslander,existing patterns of air conditioning and heating.in conjunction with air conditioning), the main actuation in

Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.; Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Residential Winter and Summer Air Conditioning.Air Conditioning Contractors of America. Washington, DC.refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during unoccupied hours. Smart Grid: The automated electricall points in between. The Smart Grid has the technical

Meier, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Hamiltonian Thermostats Fail to Promote Heat Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hamiltonian mechanics can be used to constrain temperature simultaneously with energy. We illustrate the interesting situations that develop when two different temperatures are imposed within a composite Hamiltonian system. The model systems we treat are "phi-4" chains, with quartic tethers and quadratic nearest-neighbor Hooke's-law interactions. This model is known to satisfy Fourier's law. Our prototypical problem sandwiches a Newtonian subsystem between hot and cold Hamiltonian reservoir regions. We have characterized four different Hamiltonian reservoir types. There is no tendency for any of these two-temperature Hamiltonian simulations to transfer heat from the hot to the cold degrees of freedom. Evidently steady heat flow simulations require energy sources and sinks, and are therefore incompatible with Hamiltonian mechanics.

Wm. G. Hoover; Carol G. Hoover

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

underestimated the heating setpoint (Woods, 2006), and foundto a central heating system, where hot air from a wood fireheating/cooling devices not controlled by PTs, (for example wood

Meier, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

under-floor heating, where hot air from a wood fire flowedfrom wood to charcoal to district heating. www.tecsoc.org/gas, oil, or wood pellets) or via district heating systems.

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy supply tariff (electricity, natural gas, heating or cooling network) READY (to proceed) Industry

Meier, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Microsoft Word - DRRC - Residential Thermostats - Final Report...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

software exist to create systems that are integrated with the electricity distribution grid, weather information (via the interweb or radio transmission), other household...

245

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 27, NO. 3, AUGUST 2012 1521 Optimal Placement of Phasor Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their deployment on every bus, which in turn motivates their strategic placement across the power grid. As state estimation is at the core of grid monitoring, PMU deployment is optimized here based on estimation concentrators. Merits of PMUs (a.k.a. synchrophasors) over conventional power meters in- clude increased

Giannakis, Georgios

246

A parallel cooperative co-evolutionary genetic algorithm for the composite saas placement problem in cloud computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A composite SaaS (Software as a Service) is a software that is comprised of several software components and data components. The composite SaaS placement problem is to determine where each of the components should be deployed in a cloud computing environment ...

Maolin Tang; Zeratul Izzah Mohd Yusoh

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Optimal placement and channel assignment of relay stations in heterogeneous wireless mesh networks by modified Bender's decomposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fixed Broadband Wireless Access (FBWA) technology is designed to serve as a wireless DSL replacement to provide broadband Internet access in underserved areas where no other access technology exists. Due to the enormousness of the target service area, ... Keywords: Bender's decomposition, Fixed broadband wireless access, Mathematical programming/optimization, Placement and channel assignment, Relay stations

Aaron So; Ben Liang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Clustering in massive data sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review the time and storage costs of search and clustering algorithms. We exemplify these, based on case-studies in astronomy, information retrieval, visual user interfaces, chemical databases, and other areas. Theoretical results developed as far ... Keywords: clustering, massive data sets

Fionn Murtagh

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Sequenced event set pattern matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Event pattern matching is a query technique where a sequence of input events is matched against a complex pattern that specifies constraints on extent, order, values, and quantification of matching events. The increasing importance of such query techniques ... Keywords: automaton, event pattern matching, permutation, set

Bruno Cadonna; Johann Gamper; Michael H. Bhlen

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Beeping a maximal independent set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of computing a maximal independent set (MIS) in an extremely harsh broadcast model that relies only on carrier sensing. The model consists of an anonymous broadcast network in which nodes have no knowledge about the topology of ...

Yehuda Afek; Noga Alon; Ziv Bar-Joseph; Alejandro Cornejo; Bernhard Haeupler; Fabian Kuhn

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Free Fermions on causal sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a Dirac theory on causal sets; a key element in the construction being that the causet must be regarded as emergent in an appropriate sense too. We further notice that mixed norm spaces appear in the construction allowing for negative norm particles and "ghosts".

Johan Noldus

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

252

Thermal Analysis of Refrigeration Systems Used for Vaccine ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Is this refrigerator model suitable for frozen vaccine storage? Freezer thermostat dial set to midpoint position: vaccine vial temperatures ...

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

253

Concise descriptions of subsets of structured sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of economical representation of subsets of structured sets, that is, sets equipped with a set cover. Given a structured set U, and a language L whose expressions define subsets of U, the problem of Minimum Description ...

Alberto O. Mendelzon; Ken Q. Pu

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

CDIAC Atmospheric Pressure Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Pressure Atmospheric Pressure CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Atmospheric Pressure Data Global Data Sets Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 1 (CDIAC NDP-041) R.S. Vose et al. Surface stations; monthly mean sea-level pressure Varies by station; through 1990 Extended Edited Synoptic Cloud Reports from Ships and Land Stations Over the Globe, 1952-2009 (CDIAC NDP-026C) C.J. Hahn, S.G. Warren, and R. Eastman Six-hourly synoptic observations of sea-level pressure Land 1971-2009; Ocean 1952-2008 Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 2 (Note: the above link takes you to NOAA's National Climatic Data Center website.) R.S. Vose et al. Surface stations; monthly mean sea-level pressure Varies by station; some through most recent month

255

An analysis of job placement variables of foreign national Master of Business Administration (MBA) students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Foreign national (international) students studying business at universities in the United States gain a valuable education, but they have a very difficult time finding work in the U.S because of a variety of cultural, communication, and employment visa issues. Campus career centers need to address the unique needs and concerns of their international student population in order to most effectively assist this select group in their job search. The purpose of this study was to examine the job placement variables of international students graduating from MBA programs across the United States in the 2001 class. A thorough review of the literature summarized the adjustment challenges facing international students, career services, and the job search challenges for international MBA students in particular. Data from 2570 international MBA students were examined to see whether there were differences in post-graduation jobs based on the students?? country of origin, years of work experience prior to the MBA program, and undergraduate major. The dependent variables examined were the base salary of the post-MBA job, the amount of signing bonus, the functional area of the student??s employment, the industry of the employer, and the geographic location of the new job. This study found that students from the North American region earned slightly higher salaries than students from Asia, and that European, North American and South American students received slightly higher signing bonuses than Asian students. The international students entered into similar functions and industries regardless of their country of origin. The majority of students, regardless of country of origin, stayed in the U.S. for employment. There was a direct correlation found between the number of years of prior work experience and the base salary of the student. Students with an undergraduate major in technology earned slightly higher salaries and signing bonuses. The results of this study will assist MBA career services professionals in how they counsel their international students in the job search and salary negotiations. The results may also assist MBA admissions professionals in deciding who to admit to their programs, as placement results are important measures of an MBA program??s success.

Scism, Darby Claire

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Operations-Based Planning for Placement and Sizing of Energy Storage in a Grid With a High Penetration of Renewables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the penetration level of transmission-scale time-intermittent renewable generation resources increases, control of flexible resources will become important to mitigating the fluctuations due to these new renewable resources. Flexible resources may include new or existing synchronous generators as well as new energy storage devices. The addition of energy storage, if needed, should be done optimally to minimize the integration cost of renewable resources, however, optimal placement and sizing of energy storage is a difficult optimization problem. The fidelity of such results may be questionable because optimal planning procedures typically do not consider the effect of the time dynamics of operations and controls. Here, we use an optimal energy storage control algorithm to develop a heuristic procedure for energy storage placement and sizing. We generate many instances of intermittent generation time profiles and allow the control algorithm access to unlimited amounts of storage, both energy and power, at a...

Dvijotham, Krishnamurthy; Backhaus, Scott

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

NPP and Vegetation Data Sets Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vegetation Data Sets Available The ORNL DAAC announces the availability of three new net primary production (NPP) and two vegetation data sets. The NPP data sets contain data for...

258

Order-theoretic, topological, categorical redundancies of interval-valued sets, grey sets, vague sets, interval-valued intuitionistic sets, intuitionistic fuzzy sets and topologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates two meta-mathematical propositions concerning the increasingly popular ''intuitionistic'' (= vague) approaches to fuzzy sets and fuzzy topology, as well as the closely related interval-valued (= grey) sets and interval-valued ... Keywords: Categorical (functorial) isomorphism, Criteria of redundancy, DeMorgan algebras, L-double double fuzzy topology, L-double fuzzy topology, L-double gradation fuzzy topology, L-double topology, L-fuzzy topology, L-topology, Order-isomorphism, Semi-DeMorgan algebras, Semi-polarity

J. Gutirrez Garca; S. E. Rodabaugh

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Grid Points (GridSampleSet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OOF2: The Manual. Grid Points (GridSampleSet). ... Name. Grid Points (GridSampleSet) Evaluate data on a rectangular grid of points. Synopsis. ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

260

Grid Points (StatGridSampleSet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OOF2: The Manual. Grid Points (StatGridSampleSet). ... Name. Grid Points (StatGridSampleSet) Evaluate data on a rectangular grid of points. ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

More Southern African Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

six data sets for the Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000). These data sets, originally prepared in coordination with data investigators by the SAFARI 2000...

262

BASIS Set Exchange (BSE): Chemistry Basis Sets from the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Basis Set Library  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Basis Set Exchange (BSE) provides a web-based user interface for downloading and uploading Gaussian-type (GTO) basis sets, including effective core potentials (ECPs), from the EMSL Basis Set Library. It provides an improved user interface and capabilities over its predecessor, the EMSL Basis Set Order Form, for exploring the contents of the EMSL Basis Set Library. The popular Basis Set Order Form and underlying Basis Set Library were originally developed by Dr. David Feller and have been available from the EMSL webpages since 1994. BSE not only allows downloading of the more than 200 Basis sets in various formats; it allows users to annotate existing sets and to upload new sets. (Specialized Interface)

Feller, D; Schuchardt, Karen L.; Didier, Brett T.; Elsethagen, Todd; Sun, Lisong; Gurumoorthi, Vidhya; Chase, Jared; Li, Jun

263

Improved measurement placement and topology processing in power system state estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State estimation plays an important role in modern power system energy management systems. The network observability is a pre-requisite for the state estimation solution. Topological error in the network may cause the state estimation results to be seriously biased. This dissertation studies new schemes to improve the conventional state estimation in the above aspects. A new algorithm for cost minimization in the measurement placement design is proposed in this dissertation. The new algorithm reduces the cost of measurement installation and retains the network observability. Two levels of measurement place- ment designs are obtained: the basic level design guarantees the whole network to be observable using only the voltage magnitude measurement and the branch power flow measurements. The advanced level design keeps the network observable under certain contingencies. To preserve as many substation measurements as possible and maintain the net-work observability, an advanced network topology processor is introduced. A new method - the dynamic utilization of substation measurements (DUSM) - is presented. Instead of seeking the installation of new measurements in the system, this method dynamically calculates state estimation measurement values by applying the current law that regulates different measurement values implicitly. Its processing is at the substation level and, therefore, can be implemented independently in substations. This dissertation also presents a new way to verify circuit breaker status and identify topological errors. The new method improves topological error detection using the method of DUSM. It can be seen that without modifying the state estimator, the status of a circuit breaker may still be verified even without direct power flow measurements. Inferred measurements, calculated by DUSM, are used to help decide the CB status. To reduce future software code maintenance and to provide standard data ex- changes, the newly developed functions were developed in Java, with XML format input/output support. The effectiveness and applicability of these functions are ver-ified by various test cases.

Wu, Yang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Initial data sets for the Schwarzschild spacetime  

SciTech Connect

A characterization of initial data sets for the Schwarzschild spacetime is provided. This characterization is obtained by performing a 3+1 decomposition of a certain invariant characterization of the Schwarzschild spacetime given in terms of concomitants of the Weyl tensor. This procedure renders a set of necessary conditions--which can be written in terms of the electric and magnetic parts of the Weyl tensor and their concomitants--for an initial data set to be a Schwarzschild initial data set. Our approach also provides a formula for a static Killing initial data set candidate--a KID candidate. Sufficient conditions for an initial data set to be a Schwarzschild initial data set are obtained by supplementing the necessary conditions with the requirement that the initial data set possesses a stationary Killing initial data set of the form given by our KID candidate. Thus, we obtain an algorithmic procedure of checking whether a given initial data set is Schwarzschildean or not.

Gomez-Lobo, Alfonso Garcia-Parrado; Kroon, Juan A. Valiente [Matematiska institutionen, Linkoepings Universitet, SE-58183 Linkoeping (Sweden); School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

265

Initial data sets for the Schwarzschild spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A characterisation of initial data sets for the Schwarzschild spacetime is provided. This characterisation is obtained by performing a 3+1 decomposition of a certain invariant characterisation of the Schwarzschild spacetime given in terms of concomitants of the Weyl tensor. This procedure renders a set of necessary conditions --which can be written in terms of the electric and magnetic parts of the Weyl tensor and their concomitants-- for an initial data set to be a Schwarzschild initial data set. Our approach also provides a formula for a static Killing initial data set candidate --a KID candidate. Sufficient conditions for an initial data set to be a Schwarzschild initial data set are obtained by supplementing the necessary conditions with the requirement that the initial data set possesses a stationary Killing initial data set of the form given by our KID candidate. Thus, we obtain an algorithmic procedure of checking whether a given initial data set is Schwarzschildean or not.

Alfonso Garca-Parrado Gmez-Lobo; Juan A. Valiente Kroon

2006-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

266

Zoned heating and air conditioning system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a zoned heating and air conditioning system comprising: a central air handling system with an air heating means and an air cooling means and a blower connected to an air duct system; thermostats each have heating and cooling set points, respectively associated with and located in different zones of a building; dampers respectively associated with each building zone positioned in the air duct system. Each damper has an open position allowing air into the respective zone from the duct system and a closed position; relay means for connecting one thermostat to the air handling system upon a call for heating or cooling by one thermostat and disconnecting all other thermostats by connecting one thermostat's connections between the thermostat and air handling system. Only one thermostat is connected to the air handling system at a time and the relay means disconnects one thermostat from the air handling system after one thermostat is satisified; and damper actuating means for unlocking each damper in one building zone responsive actuated by a respective zone thermostat connected to the air handling system by the relay means. The damper actuates means including a damper solenoid for each damper located adjacent each damper and connected to a respective zone thermostat. It unlocks each damper in one building zone responsive to being actuated by the respective zone thermostat and unlocks the dampers in one building zone when one thermostat is actuated while preventing the dampers in another thermostat's building zone from unlocking.

Beachboard, S.A.

1987-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

267

Stability of Markers Used for Real-Time Tumor Tracking After Percutaneous Intrapulmonary Placement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To determine the stability of markers used for real-time tumor tracking after percutaneous intrapulmonary placement. Methods and Materials: A total of 42 patients with 44 lesions, 111 markers, and {>=}2 repeat computed tomography (CT) scans were studied. The tumor on the repeat CT scans was registered with the tumor on the planning CT scan. Next, the three-dimensional marker coordinates were determined on the planning CT scan and repeat CT scans. Marker stability was analyzed by the displacement of the markers and the displacement of the center of mass (COM) of the marker configurations. In addition, we assessed the reliability of using the intermarker distance as a check for displacements in the COM of the marker configurations. Results: The median marker displacement was 1.3 mm (range, 0.1-53.6). The marker displacement was >5 mm in 12% of the markers and >10 mm in 5% of the markers. The causes of marker displacement >5 mm included marker migration (2 of 13) and target volume changes (5 of 13). Nonsynchronous tumor and marker movement during breathing might have been responsible for the displacements >5 mm in the other 6 of 13 markers. The median displacement in the COM of the marker configurations was 1.0 mm (range, 0.1-23.3). Displacements in the COM of the marker configurations of {>=}2.0 mm were detected by changes in the intermarker distance of >1.5 mm in 96% of the treatment fractions. Conclusion: The median marker displacement was small (1.3 mm). Nevertheless, displacements >5 mm occurred in 12% of the markers. Therefore, we recommend the implantation of multiple markers because multiple markers will enable a quick and reliable check of marker displacement by determining the change in the intermarker distance. A displacement in the COM of the marker configuration of {>=}2.0 mm was almost always detected (96%) by a change in the distance between the markers of >1.5 mm. This enabled the displaced marker to be disabled, such that tumor localization was not compromised.

Voort van Zyp, Noelle C. van der, E-mail: n.vandervoortvanzyp@erasmusmc.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus Medical Center-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Hoogeman, Mischa S.; Water, Steven van de; Levendag, Peter C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus Medical Center-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Holt, Bronno van der [Department of Trials and Statistics, Erasmus Medical Center-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Heijmen, Ben J.M.; Nuyttens, Joost J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus Medical Center-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

LBA Fire Detection Data Set Puvlished  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fire Detection Data Set Published The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a data set from the Land Use and Land Cover science theme, a component of the LBA-ECO Large Scale...

269

Three LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Soil Moisture Data, km 83 Tower Site, Tapajos National Forest. Data set prepared by M.L. Goulden, S.D. Miller, and H.R. da Rocha. This data set reports continuous high-resolution...

270

BigFoot Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Meteorological Data Set Released The ORNL DAAC is pleased to announce the release of a data set associated with The BigFoot project: BIGFOOT Meteorological Data for North and South...

271

BigFoot Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

users to download the data sets in one click. The download link is listed on the data set lister. Example Access: 1. Go to http:daac.ornl.govcgi-bindatasetlister.pl?p3...

272

Attractor Sets and Quasi-Geostrophic Equilibrium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The attractor set of a forced dissipative dynamical system is for practical purposes the set of points in phase-space which continue to be encountered by an arbitrary orbit after an arbitrary long time. For a reasonably realistic atmospheric ...

Edward N. Lorenz

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Continuity properties of fuzzy set multifunctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we study continuity properties in Hausdorff topology for different special set multifunctions. Keywords: exhaustive, increasing/decreasing convergent, multi(sub)measure, order continuity, probability, regular, set multifunction

Alina Gavrilut; Anca Croitoru; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

ORNL DAAC Data Set Change Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the ORNL DAAC on-line archive before May 06, 2004 you should download it again from the ORNL DAAC. Please note that the BOREAS CD-ROM Set of 12 disks was not affected. Data Set...

275

Statistical Analysis of Historical Climate Data Sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of determining confidence intervals for climatic signals using data sets with spatial and temporal sampling inhomogeneities is solved by a four-step process. First, the actual data set is analysed to determine autoregressive models ...

Curtis D. Mobley; Rudolph W. Preisendorfer

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Online decision problems with large strategy sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an online decision problem, an algorithm performs a sequence of trials, each of which involves selecting one element from a fixed set of alternatives (the "strategy set") whose costs vary over time. After T trials, the ...

Kleinberg, Robert David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Two New SAFARI 2000 Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

data sets. The data set "SAFARI 2000 MODIS L3 Albedo and Land Cover Data, Southern Africa, Dry Season 2000" is a southern Africa subset of Filled Land Surface Albedo and of...

278

Five LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(LBA): LBA-ECO CD-08 Radiocarbon Dates for Large Trees from a Forest near Manaus, Brazil. Data set prepared by J. Chambers, N. Higuchi, and J. Schimel. This data set reports...

279

Three LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LC-24 Cadastral Property Map of Uruara, Para, Brazil: ca.1975. Data set prepared by R.T. Walker and M.M. Caldas. This data set contains a shapefile of a digitized map of the land...

280

Two LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LC-09 Landsat TM and ETM+ Data, Sites in Rondonia and Para, Brazil: 1985-2004. Data set prepared by E.S. Brondizio and E.F. Moran. This data set includes 15 zipped archives of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Three LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the three data sets provides meteorological data from the km 77 pasture site, Para, Brazil. The other two data sets report survey data taken in the North Western area of Mato...

282

SetSolar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SetSolar Jump to: navigation, search Name SetSolar Place Cape Town, South Africa Zip 7460 Sector Solar Product South African company that specialises in the manufacture of PV solar...

283

Extending soft sets with description logics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Molodtsov initiated the concept of soft set theory, which can be used as a generic mathematical tool for dealing with uncertainty. Description Logics (DLs) are a family of knowledge representation languages which can be used to represent the terminological ... Keywords: Description logics, Extended soft sets, Soft sets, Terminology

Yuncheng Jiang; Yong Tang; Qimai Chen; Ju Wang; Suqin Tang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Free idempotent generated semigroups over biordered sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free idempotent generated semigroups over biordered sets Dandan Yang The University of York (Dandan Yang ) Free idempotent generated semigroups over biordered sets May 3, 2012 1 / 1 #12;Outline Free idempotent generated semigroup IG(E) over biordered set E. (Dandan Yang ) Free idempotent generated

Gould, Victoria

285

Liner hanger assembly with setting tool  

SciTech Connect

A setting tool and liner hanger for setting a liner in a well bore traversing earth formations is described including: a tubular outer hanger member adapted for coupling to a depending liner, the outer hanger member having circumferentially disposed elongated slip openings, elongated slip members disposed in the slip openings for movement of the slip members from a first retracted position within the outer hanger member to an extended position in engagement with the wall of a well casing, a setting tool having a tubular inner member adapted for coupling to a drill string; hydraulic slip setting means for response to hydraulic pressure for producing a slip setting force and mechanical slip setting means for producing a slip setting force, the hydraulic slip setting means and the mechanical slip setting means being carried by the tubular inner member; coupling means for releasably coupling the tubular inner member to the outer hanger member. The slip setting means include an upper dog member and a lower dog member which are respectively connected to the hydraulic slip setting means and to the mechanical slip setting means wherein the dog members are movable longitudinally relative to the tubular member in response to a slip setting force for moving the slip members from the first retracted position to the extended position. The hydraulic slip setting means and the mechanical slip setting means for moving the upper and lower dog members respectively include selectively operable actuator means for selectively moving one of the dog members longitudinally relative to the tubular inner member and the outer hanger member.

Dockins, R.R. Jr.; Lindsey, H.E. Jr.

1987-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

NPP Grassland: Tullgarnsnäset, Sweden  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tullgarnsnäset, Sweden, 1968-1969 Tullgarnsnäset, Sweden, 1968-1969 Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Wallentinus, H. G., and G. Tyler. 1997. NPP Grassland: Tullgarnsnäset, Sweden, 1968-1969. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a sea-shore meadow was studied from 1968 to 1969 at Tullgarnsnäset, near Stockholm, Sweden. Measurements of above-ground live biomass and total dead matter were made approximately monthly. Below-ground biomass was measured, but data were not reported. Above-ground net primary production was estimated by several methods, including peak total live and dead, and accounting for mortality determined by several different methods.

287

Homometric model sets and window covariograms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two Delone sets are called homometric when they share the same autocorrelation or Patterson measure. A model set LAMBDA within a given cut and project scheme is a Delone set that is defined through a window W in internal space. The autocorrelation measure of LAMBDA is a pure point measure whose coefficients can be calculated via the so-called covariogram of W. Two windows with the same covariogram thus result in homometric model sets. On the other hand, the inverse problem of determining LAMBDA from its diffraction image ultimately amounts to reconstructing W from its covariogram. This is also known as Matheron's covariogram problem. It is well studied in convex geometry, where certain uniqueness results have been obtained in recent years. However, for non-convex windows, uniqueness fails in a relevant way, so that interesting applications to the homometry problem emerge. We discuss this in a simple setting and show a planar example of distinct homometric model sets.

Michael Baake; Uwe Grimm

2006-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

288

Closed sets of non-local correlations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a fundamental concept -- closed sets of correlations -- for studying non-local correlations. We argue that sets of correlations corresponding to information-theoretic principles, or more generally to consistent physical theories, must be closed under a natural set of operations. Hence, studying the closure of sets of correlations gives insight into which information-theoretic principles are genuinely different, and which are ultimately equivalent. This concept also has implications for understanding why quantum non-locality is limited, and for finding constraints on physical theories beyond quantum mechanics.

Jonathan Allcock; Nicolas Brunner; Noah Linden; Sandu Popescu; Paul Skrzypczyk; Tamas Vertesi

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

289

SAFARI 2000 MODIS Data Sets Available  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) for the SAFARI 2000 project. The data set "SAFARI 2000 MODIS MOD04L2 Aerosol Data, GRANT Format, for Southern Africa" contains...

290

Property:TectonicSetting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TectonicSetting TectonicSetting Jump to: navigation, search Property Name TectonicSetting Property Type Page Description Describes tectonic process responsible for development of geothermal resource. This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "TectonicSetting" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Amedee Geothermal Area + Extensional Tectonics + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + Extensional Tectonics + Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + Extensional Tectonics + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + Extensional Tectonics + C Chena Geothermal Area + Non-tectonic (radiogenic) + Coso Geothermal Area + Extensional Tectonics + D Desert Peak Geothermal Area + Extensional Tectonics + Dixie Valley Geothermal Area + Extensional Tectonics +

291

Approximating the Radii of Point Sets?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

p and flat F. Computing the radii of point sets is a fundamental problem ...... tributions, and order statistics, Handbook of Combinatorial Optimization. (Vol.

292

Null-Control and Measurable Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the interior and boundary null-controllability of some parabolic evolutions with controls acting over measurable sets with positive measure.

Apraiz, J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

On Test Sets for Nonlinear Integer Maximization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Test Sets for Nonlinear. Integer Maximization. July 2007; revised February 2008. Jon Leea, Shmuel Onnb, Robert Weismantelc a IBM T.J. Watson Research ...

294

Savings Project: Lower Water Heating Temperature | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Although some manufacturers set water heater thermostats at 140F, most households usually only require them to be set at 120F, which also slows mineral buildup and...

295

Efficient set intersection for inverted indexing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conjunctive Boolean queries are a key component of modern information retrieval systems, especially when Web-scale repositories are being searched. A conjunctive query q is equivalent to a |q|-way intersection over ordered ... Keywords: Compact data structures, bitvector, byte-code, information retrieval, set intersection, set representation

J. Shane Culpepper; Alistair Moffat

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Constructing Uncertainty Sets for Robust Linear Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a methodology for constructing uncertainty sets within the framework of robust optimization for linear optimization problems with uncertain parameters. Our approach relies on decision maker risk preferences. Specifically, we ... Keywords: coherent risk measures, distortion risk measures, robust optimization, uncertainty sets

Dimitris Bertsimas; David B. Brown

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The parabolic Mandelbrot set Pascale ROESCH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The parabolic Mandelbrot set Pascale ROESCH (joint work with C. L. PETERSEN, IMFUFA Roskilde) Institute of Mathematics of Toulouse 21 february 2011 Roesch P. (IMT) The parabolic Mandelbrot set 21 february 2011 1 / 94 #12;Consider a rational map of degree d 2 Roesch P. (IMT) The parabolic Mandelbrot

Roesch, Pascale

298

Efficient dynamic mining of constrained frequent sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data mining is supposed to be an iterative and exploratory process. In this context, we are working on a project with the overall objective of developing a practical computing environment for the human-centered exploratory mining of frequent sets. One ... Keywords: Association rules, constraints, data mining, dynamic changes, frequent sets, limited buffer space

Laks V. S. Lakshmanan; Carson Kai-Sang Leung; Raymond T. Ng

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Two LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LC-15 Data Sets Released LC-15 Data Sets Released The ORNL DAAC and the LBA DIS announce the release of two data sets associated with the LBA-ECO component of the Large Scale Biosphere- Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). LBA-ECO LC-15 JERS-1 Synthetic Aperture Radar, 1- km Mosaic, Amazon Basin: 1995-1996 . Data set prepared by S.S. Saatchi, B. Nelson, E. Podest, and J. Holt. This data set contains two image mosaics of L-band radar backscatter and two images of derived first order texture. The mosaics were created from 1,500 images collected by the Japanese Earth Resources Satellite-1 (JERS-1) Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) over the Amazon River Basin as part of the Global Rainforest Mapping Project (GRMP). Backscatter image mosaics were developed for the dry season of 1995 and the wet season

300

Synthesis of application specific instruction sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An instruction set serves as the interface between hardware and software in a computer system. In an application specific environment, the system per-formance can be improved by designing an instruction set that matches the characteristics of hardware and the application. We present a systematic approach to generate application-specific instruction sets so that software applications can be efficiently mapped to a given pipelined microarchitec-ture. The approach synthesizes instruction sets from application bench-marks, given a machine model, an objective function, and a set of design constraints. In addition, assembly code is generated to show how the benchmarks can be compiled with the synthesized instruction set. The problem of designing instruction sets is formulated as a modified schedul-ing problem. A binary tuple is proposed to model the semantics of instruc-tions and integrate the instruction formation process into the scheduling process. A simulated annealing scheme is used to solve for the schedules. Experiments have shown that the approach is capable of synthesizing pow-erful instructions for modern pipelined micro-processors, and running with reasonable time and a modest amount of memory for large applications.

Ing-jer Huang

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Bin Set 1 Calcine Retrieval Feasibility Study  

SciTech Connect

At the Department of Energy's Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as an interim waste management measure, both mixed high-level liquid waste and sodium bearing waste have been solidified by a calculation process and are stored in the Calcine Solids Storage Facilities. This calcined product will eventually be treated to allow final disposal in a national geologic repository. The Calcine Solids Storage Facilities comprise seven ''bit sets.'' Bin Set 1, the first to be constructed, was completed in 1959, and has been in service since 1963. It is the only bin set that does not meet current safe-shutdown earthquake seismic criteria. In addition, it is the only bin set that lacks built-in features to aid in calcine retrieval. One option to alleviate the seismic compliance issue is to transport the calcine from Bin Set 1 to another bin set which has the required capacity and which is seismically qualified. This report studies the feasibility of retrieving the calcine from Bi n Set 1 and transporting it into Bin Set 6 which is located approximately 650 feet away. Because Bin Set 1 was not designed for calcine retrieval, and because of the high radiation levels and potential contamination spread from the calcined material, this is a challenging engineering task. This report presents preconceptual design studies for remotely-operated, low-density, pneumatic vacuum retrieval and transport systems and equipment that are based on past work performed by the Raytheon Engineers and Constructors architectural engineering firm. The designs presented are considered feasible; however, future development work will be needed in several areas during the subsequent conceptual design phase.

R. D. Adams; S. M. Berry; K. J. Galloway; T. A. Langenwalter; D. A. Lopez; C. M. Noakes; H. K. Peterson; M. I. Pope; R. J. Turk

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The CMB in a Causal Set Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss Cosmic Microwave Background constraints on the causal set theory of quantum gravity, which has made testable predictions about the nature of dark energy. We flesh out previously discussed heuristic constraints by showing how the power spectrum of causal set dark energy fluctuations can be found from the overlap volumes of past light cones of points in the universe. Using a modified Boltzmann code we put constraints on the single parameter of the theory that are somewhat stronger than previous ones. We conclude that causal set theory cannot explain late-time acceleration without radical alterations to General Relativity.

Joe Zuntz

2007-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

303

Structural Settings Of Hydrothermal Outflow- Fracture Permeability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Settings Of Hydrothermal Outflow- Fracture Permeability Settings Of Hydrothermal Outflow- Fracture Permeability Maintained By Fault Propagation And Interaction Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Structural Settings Of Hydrothermal Outflow- Fracture Permeability Maintained By Fault Propagation And Interaction Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Hydrothermal outflow occurs most commonly at the terminations of individual faults and where multiple faults interact. These areas of fault propagation and interaction are sites of elevated stress termed breakdown regions. Here, stress concentrations cause active fracturing and continual re-opening of fluid-flow conduits, permitting long-lived hydrothermal flow despite potential clogging of fractures due to mineral precipitation. As

304

More Southern African Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fifteen southern African data sets fifteen southern African data sets for the Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000). These data sets, originally prepared in coordination with data investigators by the SAFARI 2000 Data Group at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, contain the results of fire-related measurements including field and laboratory measurements of burning biomass emissions, pre- and post-burning site and ash reflectance, estimates of regional fuel load and emissions, and historical fire occurrence. These data sets also contain the results of measurements and estimates of vegetation emissions of volatile organic compounds; flux measurements of carbon, heat, and water vapor along the Kalahari Transect and at fixed tower sites; and meteorological data from tower sites.

305

A note on three dimensional good sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that as in the case of n- fold Cartesian product for n greater than or equal to 4, even in 3-fold Cartesian product, a related component of a good set need not be a full component.

K. Gowri Navada

2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

306

Pre-Packaged Data Set List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pre-Packaged Data Sets You will need to RegisterSign In to Order Pre-Packaged Products. You must RegisterSign In to order Pre-Packaged Products. Close window....

307

Data Sets for Amazonia Released, January 2004  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

America (i.e., longitude 85 deg to 30 deg W, latitude 25 deg S to 10 deg N). The data set entitled "LBA Regional Global Historical Climatology Network, V. 1, 1832-1990"...

308

New Global Vegetation Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

prepared by L. Vergutz, S. Manzoni, A. Porporato, R.F. Novais, and R.B. Jackson. This data set provides carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), and...

309

ORNL DAAC Data Set Change Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multi-Biome Gridded Data Revised Data Set: NPP Multi-Biome: Gridded Estimates for Selected Regions Worldwide, 1989-2001, Revision1 Effective Date of Revision: February 7, 2003...

310

Four LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The research was The research was performed by the Carbon Dynamics Team (CD-02). LBA-ECO CD-02 Oxygen Isotopes of Plant Tissue Water and Atmospheric Water Vapor. Data set prepared by J. Ehleringer, L.A. Martinelli, C. Cook, T.F. Domingues, L. Flanagan, J. Berry, and J.P. Ometto. This data set reports the oxygen isotope signatures of water extracted from plant tissue (xylem from the stems and leaf tissue) and of atmospheric water vapor from twelve different sites (including both pasture and forest). Water vapor from the troposphere was also collected during a series of aircraft flights over the Tapajos National Forest. LBA-ECO CD-02 02 Leaf Level Gas Exchange, Chemistry, and Isotopes, Amazonia, Brazil. Data set prepared by J. Ehleringer, L.A. Martinelli, C. Cook, T.F. Domingues, L. Flanagan, J. Berry, and J.P. Ometto. This data set

311

International Macroeconomic Data Set | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Macroeconomic Data Set International Macroeconomic Data Set Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data International Macroeconomic Data Set Dataset Summary Description The International Macroeconomic Data Set provides data from 1969 through 2020 for real (adjusted for inflation) gross domestic product (GDP), population, real exchange rates, and other variables for the 190 countries and 34 regions that are most important for U.S. agricultural trade. The data presented here are a key component of the USDA Baseline projections process, and can be used as a benchmark for analyzing the impacts of U.S. and global macroeconomic shocks. The data for the Baseline projections are updated once a year to reflect the assumptions used for the Baseline. The historical data will be revised several times a year as the underlying data evolve.

312

Three LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

studies were studies were conducted by the Nutrients Dynamics teams of ND-07 at studies sites near Brasilia, Brazil. LBA-ECO ND-07 Hydrochemistry of Natural and Developed Land Cover, Brasilia, Brazil. Data set prepared by J.S.O. Silva and M. Bustamante. This data set reports on dissolved nutrient concentrations, as well as dissolved oxygen, alkalinity, conductivity, turbidity, and pH measured in water samples collected from nine streams, surface runoff, wells, lysimeters, and precipitation sites located in the state of Brasilia, Brazil, between September 2004 and December 2006. LBA-ECO ND-07 Microbial Biomass in Cerrado Soils, Brasilia, Brazil. Data set prepared by L.T. Viana, M. Molina, M. Bustamante, A.S. Pinto, K. Kisselle, R. Zepp, and R. Burke. This data set reports the microbial

313

Two LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CD-08 Carbon Isotopes in Belowground Carbon Pools, Amazonas and Para, Brazil . Data set prepared by E.D.C. Telles, P.B. de Camargo, L.A. Martinell, S.E. Trumbore, E.S. da Costa, J....

314

Maximum Empirical Likelihood: Empty Set Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resulted in the extension of ESP into aESP A feedback fromand therefore may be subject to the empty set problem (ESP).In other words, ESP introduces the possibility that for the

Grendar, Marian; Judge, George G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Five LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). LBA-ECO LC-07 Lake Sediment Nutrient Data, Lago Calado, Brazil: 1982-1984. Data set prepared by L.K. Smith, J.M. Melack, and D.E. Hammond. This data...

316

A Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development is described of a Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (COADS)the result of a cooperative project to collect global weather observations taken near the ocean's surface since 1854, primarily from merchant ships, into a compact and ...

Scott D. Woodruff; Ralph J. Slutz; Roy L. Jenne; Peter M. Steurer

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

LANL sets TRU waste hauling record  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sets TRU waste hauling record sets TRU waste hauling record LANL sets TRU waste hauling record TRU waste consists of clothing, tools, rags, debris, soil, and other items contaminated with radioactive elements, mostly plutonium. October 4, 2011 TRU waste from LANL to WIPP TRU waste from LANL to WIPP Contact Colleen Curran Communications Office (505) 664-0344 Email LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, October 4, 2011-Los Alamos National Laboratory has set a new LANL record for the amount of transuranic (TRU) waste from past nuclearoperations shipped in a single year to the U.S. Department of Energy's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, NM. In fact, the Laboratory has shipped record numbers of transuranic waste each of the past three years. The Laboratory's TRU Waste Program completed 171 shipments in the past

318

Four LBA-ECO Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

These data sets are from These data sets are from the Carbon Dynamics Team and report research results from the km 83 logged forest tower site, Tapajos National Forest, Brazil. LBA-ECO CD-04 Leaf Area Index, km 83 Tower Site, Tapajos National Forest, Brazil . Data set prepared by M. Figueira, C.A.D. de Sousa, M. Menton, R.N. Juarez, H.R. da Rocha, S.D. Miller, and M.L. Goulden. This data set reports on leaf area determination utilizing a computer scanner and image processing software. LBA-ECO CD-04 Biomass Survey, km 83 Tower Site, Tapajos National Forest, Brazil . Data set prepared by M. Menton, M. Figueira, C.A.D. de Sousa, S.D. Miller, H.R. da Rocha, and M.L.Goulden. This data set contains the results of a biometric tree survey of a 19.25 ha area adjacent to the eddy flux tower at the km 83 logged forest tower site.

319

Observation-based test set generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When circuits are manufactured, there are unavoidable defects that occur in a small but significant portion of the products. Input test patterns that can detect these defects are uniquely generated for each circuit in advance of their production. Current test set generation relies primarily on the "stuck-at" model, which both excites and observes every site of the circuit. However, a test set with good stuck-at fault coverage will not necessarily find all the defects in a circuit. Other models, such as bridging surrogates and transition surrogates, can also be considered when evaluating the quality of a test set. My research explores the role that observation alone plays in generating a set of valuable tests. I compare the performance of test patterns generated with traditional detection methods and ones made only considering the observation of each site. I also compare the lengths of each test set, with the goal of finding shorter and more effective tests that achieve an acceptable defective part level for a circuit.

Cobb, Jeffrey Lee

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Data editing on large data sets  

SciTech Connect

The process of analyzing large data sets often includes an early exploratory stage to first, develop a basic understanding of the data and its interrelationships and second, to prepare and cleanup the data for hypothesis formulation and testing. This preliminary phase of the data analysis process usually requires facilities found in research data management systems, text editors, graphics packages, and statistics packages. Also this process usually requires the analyst to write special programs to cleanup and prepare the data for analysis. This paper describes a technique now implemented as a single computational tool, a data editor, which combines a cross section of facilities from the above systems with emphasis on research data base manipulation and subsetting techniques. The data editor provides an interactive environment to explore and manipulate data sets with particular attention to the implications of large data sets. It utilizes a relational data model and a self describing binary data format which allows data transportability to other data analysis packages. Some impacts of editing large data sets will be discussed. A technique for manipulating portions or subsets of large data sets without physical replication is introduced. Also an experimental command structure and operating environment are presented.

Thomas, J.J.; Burnett, R.A.; Lewis, J.R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A Note on Using Individualised Data Sets for Statistics Coursework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

then using an identical data set is open to opportunities offor generating individual data sets for students and thethe information in the data set. Further the appropriateness

Shutes, Karl

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Core File Settings | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Core File Settings Core File Settings The following environment variables control core file creation and contents. Specify regular (non-script) jobs using the qsub argument --env (Note: two dashes). Specify script jobs (--mode script) using the --envs (Note: two dashes) or --exp_env (Note: two dashes) options of runjob. For additional information about setting environment variables in your job, visit http://www.alcf.anl.gov/user-guides/running-jobs#environment-variables. Generation The following environment variables control conditions of core file generation and naming: BG_COREDUMPONEXIT=1 Creates a core file when the application exits. This is useful when the application performed an exit() operation and the cause and location of the exit() is not known. BG_COREDUMPONERROR=1

323

Causal sets from simple models of computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Causality among events is widely recognized as a most fundamental structure of spacetime, and causal sets have been proposed as discrete models of the latter in the context of quantum gravity theories, notably in the Causal Set Programme. In the rather different context of what might be called the 'Computational Universe Programme' -- one which associates the complexity of physical phenomena to the emergent features of models such as cellular automata -- a choice problem arises with respect to the variety of formal systems that, in virtue of their computational universality (Turing-completeness), qualify as equally good candidates for a computational, unified theory of physics. This paper proposes Causal Sets as the only objects of physical significance and relevance to be considered under the 'computational universe' perspective, and as the appropriate abstraction for shielding the unessential details of the many different computationally universal candidate models. At the same time, we propose a fully deterministic, radical alternative to the probabilistic techniques currently considered in the Causal Set Programme for growing discrete spacetimes. We investigate a number of computation models by grouping them into two broad classes, based on the support on which they operate; in one case this is linear, like a tape or a string of symbols; in the other, it is a two-dimensional grid or a planar graph. For each model we identify the causality relation among computation events, implement it, and conduct a possibly exhaustive exploration of the associated causal set space, while examining quantitative and qualitative features such as dimensionality, curvature, planarity, emergence of pseudo-randomness, causal set substructures and particles.

Tommaso Bolognesi

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

324

How the Number and Placement of Sensors Controlling Room Air Distribution Systems Affect Energy Use and Comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study assesses the impact of sensor number and placement on the energy needed to condition a typical office using several likely variants of an underfloor air distribution system (UFAD). The study uses an empirical-based room stratification model developed from full-scale tests of UFAD systems. Annual energy consumption is calculated for an interior zone using outside air temperature bin data. The comfort criteria are taken from ASHRAE standard 55-92. The simulations indicate that there are benefits derived from using more than one temperature sensor to control conditions in the occupied zone of a room. Among these are: 1. By adjusting both supply air temperature and volume to maintain the maximum allowable thermal gradient in the occupied (lower) part of the room, an optimal supply air condition can reduce energy use (relative to the best arrangement of a single sensor) while maintaining comfort; 2. Discomfort caused by stratification can be detected by having one of the sensors located at foot level; 3. For the simulated UFAD interior zone of a typical office building in Sacramento, an overall energy saving of 8%/24% (VAV/CAV respectively) can be achieved when two sensors as opposed to one are used to control room conditions.

Wang, D.; Arens, E.; Webster, T.; Shi, M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Tuning the electronic coupling in a low-bandgap donor-acceptor copolymer via the placement of side-chains  

SciTech Connect

We present a spectroscopic and theoretical investigation of the effect of the presence and position of hexyl side-chains in the novel low-bandgap alternating donor-acceptor copolymer poly[bis-N,N-(4-octylphenyl)-bis-N,N-phenyl-1, 4-phenylenediamine-alt-5,5'-4',7',-di-2-thienyl-2',1',3'-benzothiadiazole] (T8TBT). We use electronic absorption and Raman spectroscopic measurements supported by calculations of chain conformation, electronic transitions, and Raman modes. Using these tools, we find that sterically demanding side-chain configurations induce twisting in the electronic acceptor unit and reduce the electronic interaction with the donor. This leads to a blue-shifted and weakened (partial) charge-transfer absorption band together with a higher photoluminescence efficiency. On the other hand, sterically relaxed side-chain configurations promote coupling between donor and acceptor units and exhibit enhanced absorption at the expense of luminescence efficiency. The possibility of tuning the donor-acceptor character of conjugated polymers by varying the placement of side-chains has very important ramifications for light emitting diode, Laser, display, and photovoltaic device optimization.

Oberhumer, Philipp M.; Huang, Ya-Shih; Massip, Sylvain; Albert-Seifried, Sebastian; Greenham, Neil C.; Hodgkiss, Justin M.; Friend, Richard H. [Cavendish Laboratory, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); James, David T.; Kim, Ji-Seon [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Tu Guoli; Huck, Wilhelm T. S. [Melville Laboratory for Polymer Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW (United Kingdom); Beljonne, David; Cornil, Jerome [Laboratory for Chemistry of Novel Materials, University of Mons, Place du Parc, 20, 7000 Mons (Belgium)

2011-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

326

Constructing Risk Measures from Uncertainty Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with any set of preferences for market agents in the sense that given a fixed expected return, any investor will prefer ... of minimizing worst-case CVaR based on moment information when the exact distributions of ...... Duke Energy Co. (

327

Super Gabor frames on discrete periodic sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to its potential applications in multiplexing techniques such as time division multiple access and frequency division multiple access, superframe has interested some mathematicians and engineering specialists. In this paper, we investigate super ... Keywords: 42C40, Discrete Zak transform, Discrete periodic sets, Gabor dual, Super Gabor frame, Superframe

Yun-Zhang Li; Qiao-Fang Lian

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Discovering Attractive Products based on Influence Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Skyline queries have been widely used as a practical tool for multi-criteria decision analysis and for applications involving preference queries. For example, in a typical online retail application, skyline queries can help customers select the most interesting, among a pool of available, products. Recently, reverse skyline queries have been proposed, highlighting the manufacturer's perspective, i.e. how to determine the expected buyers of a given product. In this work we develop novel algorithms for two important classes of queries involving customer preferences. We first propose a novel algorithm, termed as RSA, for answering reverse skyline queries. We then introduce a new type of queries, namely the k-Most Attractive Candidates k-MAC query. In this type of queries, given a set of existing product specifications P, a set of customer preferences C and a set of new candidate products Q, the k-MAC query returns the set of k candidate products from Q that jointly maximizes the total number of expected buyers, ...

Arvanitis, Anastasios

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

A Nonmeasurable Set from Coin Flips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note we give an example of a nonmeasurable set in the probability space for an infinite sequence of coin flips. The example arises naturally from the notion of an equivariant function, and serves as a pedagogical illustration of the need for measure theory.

Alexander E. Holroyd; Terry Soo

2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

330

Blending implicit shapes using fuzzy set operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Implicit modelling is a powerful technique to design geometric shapes, where a geometric object is described by a real function. In general, the real functions used in implicit modelling are unbounded and can take any values in space R. In general, ... Keywords: blending operations, fuzzy sets, generalized algebraic operations, implicit curves and surfaces, isosurfaces, piecewise algebraic operations, soft computing

Qingde Li; Jie Tian

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Annual Meeting 2010 Hot Topics CD Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the very first time in AOCS Annual Meeting history, the Hot Topic Symposia presentations (audio synced with PowerPoint presentations) are now available on DVD. You can buy the complete set at this reduced price or choose to purchase individual

332

User manual for storage simulation construction set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Storage Simulation Set (SSCS) is a tool for composing storage system models using Telegrip. It is an application written in C++ and motif. With this system, the models of a storage system can be composed rapidly and accurately. The aspects of the SSCS are described within this report.

Sehgal, Anil; Volz, Richard A.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Diversification for multi-domain result sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-domain search answers to queries spanning multiple entities, like "Find a hotel in Milan close to a concert venue, a museum and a good restaurant", by producing ranked sets of entity combinations that maximize relevance, measured by a function ...

Alessandro Bozzon; Marco Brambilla; Piero Fraternali; Marco Tagliasacchi

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Navigating massive data sets via local clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a scalable method for feature extraction and navigation of large data sets by means of local clustering, where clusters are modeled as overlapping neighborhoods. Under the model, intra-cluster association and external differentiation ... Keywords: association, confidence, nearest neighbor, soft clustering

Michael E. Houle

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Pairwise ranking aggregation in a crowdsourced setting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inferring rankings over elements of a set of objects, such as documents or images, is a key learning problem for such important applications as Web search and recommender systems. Crowdsourcing services provide an inexpensive and efficient means to acquire ... Keywords: crowdsourcing, pairwise preference, ranking

Xi Chen; Paul N. Bennett; Kevyn Collins-Thompson; Eric Horvitz

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Toward visual analysis of ensemble data sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapid and continuing increase in available high-performance computing resources has driven simulation-based science in two directions. First, the simulations themselves are growing more complex, whether in the fidelity of the models, spatiotemporal ... Keywords: Delphi theory, ensemble data sets, parallel databases, scientific data management, statistics, visualization

Andrew T. Wilson; Kristin C. Potter

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Entity set expansion in opinion documents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Opinion mining has been an active research area in recent years. The task is to extract opinions expressed on entities and their attributes. For example, the sentence, "I love the picture quality of Sony cameras," expresses a positive opinion on the ... Keywords: entity extraction, set expansion, text mining

Lei Zhang; Bing Liu

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Setting targets for surrogate-based optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the context of surrogate-based optimization (SBO), most designers have still very little guidance on when to stop and how to use infill measures with target requirements (e.g., one-stage approach for goal seeking and optimization); the reason: optimum ... Keywords: Extreme value theory, Minimum estimates from sample data, Setting targets, Surrogate-based optimization

Nestor V. Queipo; Salvador Pintos; Efrain Nava

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Computer Forensic Reference Data Sets (CFReDS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer Forensic Reference Data Sets. Summary: ... NIST is developing Computer Forensic Reference Data Sets (CFReDS) for digital evidence. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

340

IWTU Construction Workers Set Largest Process Vessel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IWTU Construction Workers Set Largest Process Vessel IWTU Construction Workers Set Largest Process Vessel Click on image to enlarge Construction of the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit (IWTU) took a major step forward on Sept. 2, 2009 as crews lifted into place the largest of the six process vessels that will be used to treat radioactive liquid waste stored at the site. The IWTU will use a steam reforming process to solidify the waste for eventual shipment out of Idaho. The vessel and its skid, or framework, were constructed at Premier Technologies in Blackfoot. (Premier is the main small business partner for CH2M-WG Idaho (CWI), the contractor for DOE's Idaho Cleanup Project.) The Carbon Reduction Reformer vessel and skid weigh approximately 60 tons (120,000 lbs.). Because of the weight of the vessel and the location of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Lab sets new record for waste shipments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New record for waste shipments New record for waste shipments Lab sets new record for waste shipments LANL completing its 132nd transuranic (TRU) waste shipment of fiscal year 2010 to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico. August 20, 2010 LANL's shipment of transuranic waste leaves Los Alamos. LANL's shipment of transuranic waste leaves Los Alamos. Contact Fred deSousa Communications Office (505) 500-5672 Email "Removing this waste from Los Alamos is crucial to our plans for overall cleanup." Each shipment moves LANL closer to cleanup LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, August 20, 2010-Los Alamos National Laboratory set a new LANL record on Friday by completing its 132nd transuranic (TRU) waste shipment of fiscal year 2010 to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico. The shipment eclipsed last year's

342

ARM Cloud Retrieval Ensemble Data Set (ACRED)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a new Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) data set, the ARM Cloud Retrieval Ensemble Data Set (ACRED), which is created by assembling nine existing ground-based cloud retrievals of ARM measurements from different cloud retrieval algorithms. The current version of ACRED includes an hourly average of nine ground-based retrievals with vertical resolution of 45 m for 512 layers. The techniques used for the nine cloud retrievals are briefly described in this document. This document also outlines the ACRED data availability, variables, and the nine retrieval products. Technical details about the generation of ACRED, such as the methods used for time average and vertical re-grid, are also provided.

Zhao, C; Xie, S; Klein, SA; McCoy, R; Comstock, JM; Delano, J; Deng, M; Dunn, M; Hogan, RJ; Jensen, MP; Mace, GG; McFarlane, SA; OConnor, EJ; Protat, A; Shupe, MD; Turner, D; Wang, Z

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

343

Complex bodies with memory: linearized setting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mechanics of complex bodies with memory effects is discussed in linearized setting. The attention is focused on the characterization of free energies in terms of minimum work and maximum recoverable work in the bulk and along a discontinuity surface endowed with its own surface energy, a surface internal to the body. To this aim, use is made of techniques proposed by Del Piero. Consequences of the Clausius-Duhem inequality are investigated for complex bodies with instantaneous linear elastic response.

Paolo Maria Mariano; Paolo Paoletti

2008-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

344

Hydraulic frac sets Rockies depth record  

SciTech Connect

A depth record for massive hydraulic fracture in the Rocky Mt. region was set April 22 with the treatment of a central Wyoming gas well. The No. 1-29 Moneta Hills Well was treated through perforations at 19,838 to 19,874 ft and 20,064 to 20,100 ft. Soon after, another well in the Madden Deep Field was subject to hydraulic fracture through perforations a

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Users Manual for TMY3 Data Sets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Users Manual for TMY3 Data Sets Users Manual for TMY3 Data Sets S. Wilcox and W. Marion Technical Report NREL/TP-581-43156 Revised May 2008 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-581-43156 Revised May 2008 Users Manual for TMY3 Data Sets S. Wilcox and W. Marion Prepared under Task No. PVA7.6101 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

346

EIA - Daily Report 10/12/05 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... weather conditions, the size and efficiency of individual homes and their heating equipment, and thermostat settings. Prices for petroleum and natural gas ...

347

EPA_T1542_SECTOR_LocalGovt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> Set back the thermostat in the evenings and other times when a building is unoccupied. ENERGY STAR to achieve its efficiency goals. Arlington educates all community members - >...

348

Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Minnesota Energy Resources provides rebates to their residential customers for the purchase of energy efficient natural gas equipment and set-back thermostats. Rebates are available for furnaces,...

349

Iowa | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

insulation, doors, water heater replacement, ENERGY STAR set back thermostats, commercial cooking equipment and more. Custom rebates are available for commercial, industrial, and...

350

Fuzzy set classifier for waste classification tracking  

SciTech Connect

We have developed an expert system based on fuzzy logic theory to fuse the data from multiple sensors and make classification decisions for objects in a waste reprocessing stream. Fuzzy set theory has been applied in decision and control applications with some success, particularly by the Japanese. We have found that the fuzzy logic system is rather easy to design and train, a feature that can cut development costs considerably. With proper training, the classification accuracy is quite high. We performed several tests sorting radioactive test samples using a gamma spectrometer to compare fuzzy logic to more conventional sorting schemes.

Gavel, D.T.

1992-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

351

A thermostat to replace low-temperature slush baths - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Home Contact Us Download PDF (335 KB) ... Other actions. Export citation Register for Journal Updates About This Journal Reprints and Permissions...

352

DRAFT October 4, 2007 Residential Thermostats: Comfort Controls in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cellphones). This considerably complicates the economic decisions on the cost of thermal comfort controls

353

Most homes have central thermostats on heating and cooling ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... solar, wind , geothermal ... Quarterly Coal Report Monthly Energy Review Residential Energy ... main heating equipment is a portable heater, ...

354

TherML: occupancy prediction for thermostat control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reducing the large energy consumption of temperature regulation systems is a challenge for researchers and practitioners alike. In this paper, we explore and compare two common types of solutions: A manual systems that encourages reduced energy use, ... Keywords: energy, heating, location, machine learning, prediction

Christian Koehler, Brian D. Ziebart, Jennifer Mankoff, Anind K. Dey

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

A learning agent for heat-pump thermostat control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems are one of the biggest energy consumers around the world. With the efforts of moving to sustainable energy consumption, heat-pump based HVAC systems have gained popularity due to their high efficiency ... Keywords: control, energy savings, machine learning

Daniel Urieli, Peter Stone

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

From the Optimizing Thermostat to a Smart Energy Management System...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Janie Page Nowadays, users in the retail electricity market only need to pay a fixed rate for electricity. This strategy results in...

357

Columbia Gas of Ohio- Programmable Thermostat Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Columbia Gas of Ohio offers professional Facility/Building Energy Audits to determine the potential for natural gas savings encouraging matching funds and requiring submittal of final energy audit...

358

Integrate Real-Time Weather with Thermostat Electrical Usage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Xiufeng Pang Weather and its dynamics are big drivers of energy usage. Integration of key weather variables - solar, wind, and temperature - into home energy management and demand...

359

Thermostats, Radiator Fins, and the Local Runaway Greenhouse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The author has reconsidered the question of the regulation of tropical sea surface temperature. This has been done in general terms through consideration of the tropical beat budget and in specific terms through consideration of an idealized ...

R. T. Pierrehumbert

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Biomass Allocation Data Set Released February 19, 2004  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Set Released February 19, 2004 The ORNL DAAC announces the release of the data set "Biomass Allocation and Growth Data of Seeded Plants." This data set of leaf, stem, and root...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Preliminary Microeconomic Evidence on Price-Setting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The last decade has seen a burst of micro price studies. Many analyze data underlying national CPIs and PPIs. Others focus on more granular sub-national grocery store data. We review these studies with an eye toward the role of price setting in business cycles. We summarize with ten stylized facts: Prices change at least once a year, with temporary price discounts and product turnover often playing a nontrivial role. After excluding many shortlived prices, prices change closer to once a year. The frequency of price changes differs widely across goods, however, with more cyclical goods exhibiting greater price flexibility. The timing of price changes is little synchronized across sellers, with the hazard if anything falling with the age of a price. The cross-sectional distribution of price changes is thicktailed but contains many small price changes too.

Peter J. Klenow; Benjamin A. Malin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Los Alamos synchronous orbit data set  

SciTech Connect

Energetic electron (30-15000 keV) and proton 145 keV to 150 MeV) measurements made by Los Alamos National Laboratory sensors at geostationary orbit (6.6 R/sub E/) are summarized. The instrumentation employed and the satellite positions are described. The spacecraft have been variously located, but in their present configuration the Los Alamos satellites designated 1976-059, 1977-007, and 1979-053 are located, respectively, at approx. 70/sup 0/W, approx. 70/sup 0/E, and approx. 135/sup 0/W longitude. Several examples of the high temporal and full three-dimensional spatial measurement capabilities of these instruments are illustrated by examples from the published literature. Discussion is also given for the Los Alamos Synoptic Data Set (SDS) which gives a broad overview of the Los Alamos geostationary orbit measurements. The SDS data are plotted in terms of daily average spectra, 3-hour local time averages, and in a variety of statistical formats. The data summarize conditions from mid-1976 through 1978 (S/C 1976-059) and from early 1977 through 1978 (S/C 1977-007). The SDS compilations presented correspond to measurements at 35/sup 0/W, 70/sup 0/W, and 135/sup 0/W geographic longitude and thus are indicative of conditions at 9/sup 0/, 11/sup 0/, and 4.8/sup 0/ geomagnetic latitude, respectively. The bulk of the SDS report presents data plots which are organized according to Carrington solar rotations and, as such, the data are readily comparable to solar rotation-dependent interplanetary conditions. Potential applications of the Synoptic Data Set (available to all interested users in June 1981) are discussed.

Baker, D.N.; Higbie, P.R.; Belian, R.D.; Hones, E.W.; Klebesadel, R.W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Ensuring Safety in Academic and Industrial Lab Settings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ensuring Safety in Academic and Industrial Lab Settings: Ensuring Safety in Academic and Industrial Lab Settings Program Organizers: Jim Davis, Owens...

364

Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy Use in Delivering Thermal Comfort Title Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy Use in...

365

An Improved Type Reduction Algorithm for Type-2 Fuzzy Sets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Type reduction does the work of computing the centroid of a type-2 fuzzy set. The result is a type-1 fuzzy set from which a corresponding (more)

Su, Yao-Lung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

A GLOBALLY CONVERGENT PRIMAL-DUAL ACTIVE-SET ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

set estimate, which often leads to rapid identification of the optimal active-set regardless of the ... Moreover, the computational cost of each iteration is typically.

367

Separation of convex polyhedral sets with uncertain data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? &' 2. ( hold. Such a hyperplane $ is called the separating hyperplane of the sets ! " . Sets ! " # ?? are called strongly separable if they are weakly separable...

368

Thrombin Injection Failure with Subsequent Successful Stent-Graft Placement for the Treatment of an Extracranial Internal Carotid Pseudoaneurysm in a 5-Year-Old Child  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare life-threatening condition that may develop in different clinical situations. We report the case of an extracranial internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm secondary to a throat infection in a pediatric patient that was initially treated with percutaneous thrombin injection under ultrasound guidance. However, recanalization occurred at 48 h, and definitive treatment was then performed by endovascular stent-graft placement. We briefly review the clinical characteristics of this uncommon clinical condition as well as the treatment options.

Garcia-Monaco, R. D.; Kohan, A. A., E-mail: andreskohan1@gmail.com [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Radiology (Argentina); Martinez-Corvalan, M. P. [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of ENT (Argentina); Cacchiarelli, N. [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Pediatrics (Argentina); Peralta, O. [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Radiology (Argentina); Wahren, C. G. [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Pediatrics (Argentina)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Quick-setting concrete and a method for making quick-setting concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a method for producing concrete, and more specifically, this invention relates to a method for producing quick-setting concrete while simultaneously minimizing the release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, said release of carbon dioxide inherent in cement production. A method for producing quick setting concrete comprises hydrating a concrete dry mixture with carbonate solution to create a slurry, and allowing the slurry to cure. The invention also provides for a quick setting concrete having a predetermined proportion of CaCO{sub 3} of between 5 and 23 weight percent of the entire concrete mixture, and whereby the concrete has a compression strength of approximately 4,000 pounds per square inch (psi) within 24 hours after pouring.

Wagh, A.S.; Singh, D.; Pullockaran, J.D.; Knox, L.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

370

Optimal expansion of competence sets with multilevel skills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of competence set expansion is to find an optimal expansion process at the minimal cost and then obtain the required competence set from the acquired competence set to solve a problem. Several models have been proposed to address the competence ... Keywords: Competence set, Decision making, Multiple solutions

Jung-Fa Tsai; Pei-Chun Wang; Ming-Hua Lin

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

RFCM: A Hybrid Clustering Algorithm Using Rough and Fuzzy Sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid unsupervised learning algorithm, termed as rough-fuzzy c-means, is proposed in this paper. It comprises a judicious integration of the principles of rough sets and fuzzy sets. While the concept of lower and upper approximations of rough sets ... Keywords: Pattern recognition, clustering, data mining, fuzzy c-means, rough sets

Pradipta Maji; Sankar K. Pal

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Transformer fault diagnosis based on reasoning integration of rough set and fuzzy set and Bayesian optimal classifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In accordance with intelligent complementary strategies, a new transformer fault diagnosis method is proposed based on rough set (RS) and fuzzy set (FS) and Bayesian optimal classifier in this paper. Through RS reduction, the diagnostic decision table ... Keywords: Bayesian optimal classifier, fault diagnosis, fuzzy set, information entropy, intelligent complementary, rough set, transformer

Hongsheng Su; Haiying Dong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: Set 1: Set Goals and Objectives to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Step 1: Set Goals and Objectives on AddThis.com... Getting Started Driving Demand Set Goals & Objectives Create an Evaluation Plan Conduct Audience Research Identify Target Audiences & Behavior Changes

374

LBA Data Set Released from the Carbon Dynamics Science Theme  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Amazonia (LBA). LBA-ECO LC-31 Historical Land-Use in the Amazon: 1940-1995 . Data set prepared by C.C. Leite and M.H. Costa. This data set provides annual spatial patterns...

375

LBA Land Use and Land Cover Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Land Use and Land Cover Data Set Released The ORNL DAAC announces the release of an image data set from the Land Use and Land Cover science theme, a component of the LBA-ECO Large...

376

NIF sets records for target shots, wavelength changes | National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NIF sets records for target shots, wavelength changes NIF sets records for target shots,...

377

Two Meteorological Data Sets Released from LBA-ECO September...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Meteorological Data Sets Released from LBA-ECO The ORNL DAAC and the LBA DIS announce the release of two data sets associated with the LBA-ECO component of the Large Scale...

378

LBA Data Set Released from the Carbon Dynamics Science Theme  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Set Released from the Carbon Dynamics Science Theme The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a data set from the Carbon Dynamics science theme, a component of the LBA-ECO Large Scale...

379

Two Meteorological Data Sets Released from LBA-ECO September...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CD-04 Meteorological Data Sets Released from LBA-ECO The ORNL DAAC and the LBA DIS announce the release of two data sets associated with the LBA-ECO component of the Large Scale...

380

Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box Rulemaking Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box Rulemaking On April 3, 2012 at 11:00 AM,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Users Manual for TMY3 Data Sets (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This users manual describes how to obtain and interpret the data in the Typical Meteorological Year version 3 (TMY3) data sets. These data sets are an update to the TMY2 data released by NREL in 1994.

Wilcox, S.; Marion, W.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

CDT 1.10 was set to default on Edison  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CDT 1.10 was set to default on Edison CDT 1.10 was set to default on Edison November 27, 2013 (0 Comments) During today's maintenance, we upgraded the Cray Developer Toolkit (CDT)...

383

Please use "gres" settings in your batch scripts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Please use "gres" settings in your batch scripts Please use "gres" settings in your batch scripts September 4, 2012 by Helen He (0 Comments) We would like to encourage you to use...

384

Solar Energy Trading GmbH SET | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Energy Trading GmbH SET Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Energy Trading GmbH (SET) Place Mnster, Germany Zip 48157 Sector Solar Product Germany-based solar project...

385

Hydrogen Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

DOE's Hydrogen Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress summarizes the processes used to set Hydrogen Program goals and milestones. Published in August 2006, it fulfills the requirement under se

386

Level set and PDE methods for computer graphics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Level set methods, an important class of partial differential equation (PDE) methods, define dynamic surfaces implicitly as the level set (iso-surface) of a sampled, evolving nD function. The course begins with preparatory material that introduces the ...

David Breen; Ron Fedkiw; Ken Museth; Stanley Osher; Guillermo Sapiro; Ross Whitaker

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Mercury Atomic Clock Sets Time-Keeping Record  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mercury Atomic Clock Sets Time-Keeping Record. ... A prototype mercury optical clock originally was demonstrated at NIST in 2000. ...

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

388

Ensuring Safety in Academic and Industrial Lab Settings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Ensuring Safety in Academic and Industrial Lab Settings. Sponsorship.

389

US Removes Last Remaining HEU from Czech Republic, Sets Nonproliferati...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Remaining HEU from Czech Republic, Sets Nonproliferation Milestone | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering...

390

Joint sets that enhance production from Middle and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E&P NOTE Joint sets that enhance production from Middle and Upper Devonian gas shales joint sets (J1 and J2 sets) as observed in outcrop, core, and borehole images. These joints formed close thermal matura- tion of organic matter. When present together, earlier J1 joints are crosscut by later J2

Engelder, Terry

391

Rectangular polyomino set weak (1, 2)-achievement games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a polyomino set (1, 2)-achievement game the maker and the breaker alternately mark one and two previously unmarked cells respectively. The maker's goal is to mark a set of cells congruent to one of a given set of polyominoes. The breaker tries to ... Keywords: Achievement games, Polyomino

Edgar Fisher; Nndor Sieben

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A Cautionary Tale of Two Basis Sets and Graphene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Density functional theory is a leading approach for simulating materials. However, the basis set used in calculations can directly affect our understanding of a material. By comparing two basis sets for graphene, this highlights an important subtle point ... Keywords: Density functional theory, basis set, graphene, electronic structure, computational materials science, scientific computing

Derek Stewart

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Kinetic and stationary point-set embeddability for plane graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate a kinetic version of point-set embeddability. Given a plane graph G(V,E) where |V|=n, and a set P of n moving points where the trajectory of each point is an algebraic function of constant ... Keywords: kinetic algorithm, kinetic graph drawing, plane graph, point-set embeddability

Zahed Rahmati; Sue H. Whitesides; Valerie King

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Effective Tag Set Selection in Chinese Word Segmentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective Tag Set Selection in Chinese Word Segmentation via Conditional Random Field Modeling Hai that we consider both feature template selection and tag set selection, instead of feature template as different tag sets are selected. Based on the proposed method, our system gives the state

395

Composite radiation dose representation using Fuzzy Set theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composite plans created from different image sets are generated through Deformable Image Registration (DIR) and present a challenge in accurately presenting uncertainties, which vary with anatomy. Our effort focuses on the application of Fuzzy Set theory ... Keywords: Composite plan, Deformable image registration, Fuzzy Set, Radiation therapy

Samuel B. Park; James I. Monroe; Min Yao; Mitchell Machtay; Jason W. Sohn

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Distributional similarity vs. PU learning for entity set expansion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributional similarity is a classic technique for entity set expansion, where the system is given a set of seed entities of a particular class, and is asked to expand the set using a corpus to obtain more entities of the same class as represented ...

Xiao-Li Li; Lei Zhang; Bing Liu; See-Kiong Ng

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

New and Underutilized Technology: Wireless Temperature Sensors | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wireless Temperature Sensors Wireless Temperature Sensors New and Underutilized Technology: Wireless Temperature Sensors October 4, 2013 - 4:45pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for wireless temperature sensors within the Federal sector. Benefits Wireless thermostats are connected into a building automation system. Ease of adding temperature sensors in more zones allows for greater spatial resolution of zone temperatures, increasing confidence in control improvements through thermostat reset. Application Wireless temperature settings are applicable in most building categories. Key Factors for Deployment Ease of moving thermostats increases diagnostic capabilities in checking existing hard-wired thermostats. Ranking Criteria Federal energy savings, cost-effectiveness, and probability of success are

398

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.1 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: B5.1 Existing Regulations B5.1: Actions to conserve energy or water (a) Actions to conserve energy or water, demonstrate potential energy or water conservation, and promote energy efficiency that would not have the potential to cause significant changes in the indoor or outdoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical assistance to individuals (such as builders, owners, consultants, manufacturers, and designers), organizations (such as utilities), and governments (such as state, local, and tribal). Covered actions include, but are not limited to weatherization (such as insulation and replacing windows and doors); programmed lowering of thermostat settings; placement of timers on hot water heaters; installation or

399

A complete transformation rule set and a minimal equation set for CNOT-based 3-qubit quantum circuits (Draft)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a complete transformation rule set and a minimal equation set for controlled-NOT (CNOT)-based quantum circuits. Using these rules, quantum circuits that compute the same Boolean function are reduced to the same normal form. We can thus easily check the equivalence of circuits by comparing their normal forms. By applying the Knuth-Bendix completion algorithm to a set of modified 18 equations introduced by Iwama et al. 2002, we obtain a complete transformation rule set (i.e., a set of transformation rules with the properties of `termination' and `confluence'). Our transformation rule set consists of 114 rules. Moreover, we discovered a minimal combination of equations for the initial equation set.

Issei Sakashita

2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

400

Strategy for construction of polymerized volume data sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a strategy for polymerized volume data set construction. Given a volume data set defined over a regular three-dimensional grid, a polymerized volume data set (PVDS) can be defined as follows: edges between adjacent vertices of the grid are labeled 1 (active) or 0 (inactive) to indicate the likelihood that an edge is contained in (or spans the boundary of) a common underlying object, adding information not in the original volume data set. This edge labeling ?polymerizes? adjacent voxels (those sharing a common active edge) into connected components, facilitating segmentation of embedded objects in the volume data set. Polymerization of the volume data set also aids real-time data compression, geometric modeling of the embedded objects, and their visualization. To construct a polymerized volume data set, an adjacency class within the grid system is selected. Edges belonging to this adjacency class are labeled as interior, exterior, or boundary edges using discriminant functions whose functional forms are derived for three local adjacency classes. The discriminant function parameter values are determined by supervised learning. Training sets are derived from an initial segmentation on a homogeneous sample of the volume data set, using an existing segmentation method. The strategy of constructing polymerized volume data sets is initially tested on synthetic data sets which resemble neuronal volume data obtained by three-dimensional microscopy. The strategy is then illustrated on volume data sets of mouse brain microstructure at a neuronal level of detail. Visualization and validation of the resulting PVDS is shown in both cases. Finally the procedures of polymerized volume data set construction are generalized to apply to any Bravais lattice over the regular 3D orthogonal grid. Further development of this latter topic is left to future work.

Aragonda, Prathyusha

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

LBA Land Use and Land Cover Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 and TG-06 Data Sets Published 2 and TG-06 Data Sets Published The ORNL DAAC announces the release of data sets from two LBA-ECO science themes: Carbon Dynamics and Trace Gases. Both data sets provide data from similar time periods and study areas. LBA-ECO CD-32 Flux Tower Network Data Compilation, Brazilian Amazon: 1999-2006. Data set prepared by S.R. Saleska, H.R. da Rocha, A.R. Huete, A.D. Nobre, P. Artaxo, and Y.E. Shimabukuro. This data set is a compilation of carbon and energy eddy covariance flux, meteorology, radiation, canopy temperature, humidity, CO2 profiles, soil moisture, and temperature profile data that were collected at nine towers across the Brazilian Amazon. Independent investigators provided the data from a variety of flux tower projects over the period 1999 thru 2006 for use in a model intercomparison.

402

Co-Synthesis of Instruction Sets and Microarchitectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of an instruction set processor includes several related design tasks: instruction set design, microarchitecture design, and code generation. Although there have been automatic approaches for each individual task, the investigation of the interaction between these tasks still primarily relies on designers' experience and ingenuity. It is thus the goal of this research to develop formal models and algorithms to investigate such interaction systematically. This dissertation presents a two-phase co-synthesis approach to the problem. In the architectural level, given a set of application benchmarks and a pipeline structure, the ASIA (Automatic Synthesis of Instruction set Architecture) design automation system generates an instruction set and allocates hardware resources which best fit the applications, and, at the same time, maps the applications to assembly code with the synthesized instruction set. This approach formulates the codesign problem as a modified scheduling/allocat...

Ing-Jer Huang

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Preparing a Plan and Setting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Preparing a Plan and Setting Priorities Preparing a Plan and Setting Priorities At this stage of formulating a climate action plan, research campuses choose greenhouse gas reduction goals, set dates for achievement, and determine financial constraints and opportunities. The resulting plan can be goal driven or finance driven. In preparing climate action plans, there is usually a desire for specific goals and a need to stay within financial constraints. Because of this, a hybrid approach that combines goals and financial constraints is most typical. Developing a climate action plan is an iterative process that sets preliminary goals, evaluates specific measures, calculates financial impact, and then revises the goals. Set Preliminary Goals Research campuses should carefully consider where to set greenhouse gas

404

LBA Land Use and Land Cover Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LBA Land Use and Land Cover Data Sets Released LBA Land Use and Land Cover Data Sets Released The ORNL DAAC announces the release of two image data sets from the Land Use and Land Cover science theme (LC-15 team), a component of the LBA-ECO Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). LBA-ECO LC-15 SRTM30 Digital Elevation Model Data, Amazon Basin: 2000 . Data set prepared by S. Saatchi. This data set provides a subset of the SRTM30 Digital Elevation Model (DEM) elevation and standard deviation data (STD of the data points used in the averaging) for the Amazon Basin. SRTM30 is a near-global digital elevation model (DEM) comprising a combination of data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM), flown in February, 2000, and the earlier U.S. Geological Survey's GTOPO30 data set.

405

Crack reconstruction using a level-set strategy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a level-set based technique to recover key characteristics of a defect or crack (e.g. location, length and shape) in a two-dimensional material from boundary electrical measurements. The key feature of this work is to extend the usual level-set ... Keywords: 02.30.Zz, 41.20.Cv, 42.30.Wb, Crack reconstruction, Electrical impedance tomography, Level-sets

Diego lvarez; Oliver Dorn; Natalia Irishina; Miguel Moscoso

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Russian Land Cover Data Sets Released, January 7, 2004  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Russian Land Cover Data Sets Released, January 7, 2004 The ORNL DAAC announces the release of 12 map data products -- land cover, forested area, forest carbon content, and...

407

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Set-Aside (Indiana) |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

active. Financial Incentive Program Place Indiana Name Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Set-Aside Incentive Type State Grant Program Applicable Sector Industrial, Utility...

408

Section 9.6 Setting Standards and Training: Greening Federal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Setting Standards and Training also "raise the bar" still higher whenever possible. In addition, "champions" must be identified within the team that will be responsible for...

409

Martin-Lf Random and PA-complete Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A set A is Martin-Lof random iff the class fAg does not have \\Sigma 1 -measure 0. A set A is PA-complete if one can compute relative to A a consistent and complete extension of Peano Arithmetic. It is shown that every Martin-Lof random set either permits to solve the halting problem K or is not PA-complete. This result implies a negative answer to the question of Ambos-Spies and Kucera whether there is a Martin-Lof random set not above K which is also PA-complete.

Frank Stephan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Certified Sites (Ready! Set! Build!) (Wisconsin) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Certified Sites (Ready! Set! Build!) (Wisconsin) Certified Sites (Ready! Set! Build!) (Wisconsin) Certified Sites (Ready! Set! Build!) (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Developer General Public/Consumer Institutional Low-Income Residential Nonprofit Residential Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Training/Technical Assistance Siting and Permitting Provider Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation WEDC has created, in partnership with Deloitte Consulting (Site Selector Consultant) and community partners, the Ready! Set! Build! Program, which provides consistent standards for industrial site certification in

411

Robust Decision Making using a General Utility Set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Then, Mary can use (1 ? ?)% confidence interval to set up the error tolerant range [?j, ..... Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 21(1):6172, 1978.

412

EV Everywhere Battery Workshop: Preliminary Target-Setting Framework  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Workshop: Preliminary Target-Setting Framework Jacob Ward, Vehicle Technologies Senior Analyst July 26, 2012 Doubletree-Rosemont, Chicago, IL For this Analysis, Three "EV "...

413

Fast Local Search for the Maximum Independent Set Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 29, 2008 ... Fast Local Search for the Maximum Independent Set Problem. Diogo V. Andrade (diogo ***at*** google.com) Mauricio G. C. Resende (mgcr...

414

Dominating Sets For Convex Functions With Some Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anumber of optimization methods require as a #rst step the construction of a dominating set #a set containing an optimal solution# enjoying properties such as compactness or convexity. In this note we address the problem of constructing dominating sets for problems whose objective is a componentwise nondecreasing function of #possibly an in#nite number of# convex functions, and we showhow to obtain a convex dominating set in terms of dominating sets of simpler problems. The applicability of the results obtained is illustrated with the statement of new localization results in the #elds of Linear Regression and Location. Keywords: Dominating set, Convexity, Regression, Location. 1 Introduction Let I be an arbitrary index set and denote by Q i2I A i the Cartesian product of the nonempty sets A i ;i 2 I.IfX#IR n is a nonempty closed convex set and # : Q i2I IR ,! IR is a componentwise nondecreasing function, consider then the optimization problem inf ###f i #x## i2I #; s.t. x 2...

Carrizosa J.B.G. Frenk; E. Carrizosa; J. B. G. Frenk

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Rectangular Polyomino Set Weak (1,2)-achievement Games  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a polyomino set (1,2)-achievement game the maker and the breaker alternately mark one and two previously unmarked cells respectively. The maker's goal is to mark a set of cells congruent to one of a given set of polyominoes. The breaker tries to prevent the maker from achieving his goal. The teams of polyominoes for which the maker has a winning strategy is determined up to size 4. In set achievement games, it is natural to study infinitely large polyominoes. This enables the construction of super winners that characterize all winning teams up to a certain size.

Fisher, Edgar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Record-setting Laser May Aid Searches for Earthlike Planets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Record-setting Laser May Aid Searches for Earthlike ... sensitivity of astronomical tools searching for other ... laser could sharpen the search for planets ...

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

UPDATE: Oil set for longest weekly loss streak since 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

UPDATE: Oil set for longest weekly loss streak since 1998,Read most current stock market news, Get stock, fund, etf analyst reports from an ...

418

Template:Set RenewableFuelStandard | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Document Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleTemplate:SetRenewableFuelStandard&oldid269035" Category: Articles with...

419

Gauge conservation laws in a general setting. Superpotential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fact that the conserved current of a gauge symmetry is reduced to a superpotential is proved in a very general setting.

Sardanashvily, G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

A comparison of routing sets for robust network design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compare the optimal capacity allocation costs for six routing sets: affine routing, ... made in the long term while the routing decisions depend on the realization of.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Enhancing I/O Throughput via Efficient Routing and Placement for Large-scale Parallel File Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As storage systems get larger to meet the demands of petascale systems, careful planning must be applied to avoid congestion points and extract the maximum performance. In addition, the large data sets generated by such systems makes it desirable for all compute resources to have common access to this data without needing to copy it to each machine. This paper describes a method of placing I/O close to the storage nodes to minimize contention on Cray s SeaStar2+ network, and extends it to a routed Lustre configuration to gain the same benefits when running against a center-wide file system. Our experiments using half of the resources of Spider the center-wide file system at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility show that I/O write bandwidth can be improved by up to 45% (from 71.9 to 104 GB/s) for a direct-attached configuration and by 137% (47.6 GB/s to 115 GB/s) for a routed configuration. We demonstrated up to 20.7% reduction in run-time for production scientific applications. With the full Spider system, we demonstrated over 240 GB/s of aggregate bandwidth using our techniques.

Dillow, David A [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL; Zhang, Zhe [ORNL; Kim, Youngjae [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Sets of desirable gambles: Conditioning, representation, and precise probabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory of sets of desirable gambles is a very general model which covers most of the existing theories for imprecise probability as special cases; it has a clear and simple axiomatic justification; and mathematical definitions are natural and intuitive. ... Keywords: Desirable gambles, Regular extension, Sets of probability measures, Zero probabilities

InS Couso; SerafN Moral

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Automatic recommendation of classification algorithms based on data set characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Choosing appropriate classification algorithms for a given data set is very important and useful in practice but also is full of challenges. In this paper, a method of recommending classification algorithms is proposed. Firstly the feature vectors of ... Keywords: Algorithm performance, Classification, Classification algorithm automatic recommendation, Data set characteristics extraction, k-Nearest Neighbors

Qinbao Song; Guangtao Wang; Chao Wang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Answer sets for consistent query answering in inconsistent databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A relational database is inconsistent if it does not satisfy a given set of integrity constraints. Nevertheless, it is likely that most of the data in it is consistent with the constraints. In this paper we apply logic programming based on answer ... Keywords: answer set programming, consistency, databases, integrity constraints

Marcelo Arenas; Leopoldo Bertossi; Jan Chomicki

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Diffusion and semi-convexity of fuzzy set multifunctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present some properties regarding diffusion and semi-convexity for fuzzy set multifunctions defined on a ring of subsets of an abstract nonvoid space and taking values in the family of all nonvoid closed subsets of a real normed space. Keywords: Darboux property, diffused, fuzzy set multifunction, multimeasure, non-atomicity, null-additive, regular, semi-convex

Alina Gavrilu?; Anca Croitoru; Nikos E. Mastorakis

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Comparison of Northern Hemisphere Snow Cover Data Sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four Northern Hemisphere snow cover data sets are compared on a weekly basis for the 25-month period, July 1981 through July 1983. The data sets are the NOAA/NESDIS Weekly Snow and Ice Chart, the Composite Minimum Brightness (CMB) Chart, the U.S. ...

John Scialdone; Alan Robock

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

A Set Theoretic Approach to Dynamic Robot Localization and Mapping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the localization and mapping problem for a robot moving through a (possibly) unknown environment where indistinguishable landmarks can be detected. A set theoretic approach to the problem is presented. Computationally efficient algorithms ... Keywords: SLAM, localization, mapping, set membership, uncertainty

M. Di Marco; A. Garulli; A. Giannitrapani; A. Vicino

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A level-set method for interfacial flows with surfactant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A level-set method for the simulation of fluid interfaces with insoluble surfactant is presented in two-dimensions. The method can be straightforwardly extended to three-dimensions and to soluble surfactants. The method couples a semi-implicit discretization ... Keywords: Marangoni force, capillary force, immersed interface method, incompressible Stokes flow, insoluble surfactant, interfaces, level set method

Jian-Jun Xu; Zhilin Li; John Lowengrub; Hongkai Zhao

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Data Structures for Maintaining Set Partitions (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

classes. As an illustration, con­ sider the set of automobile types { VW Beetle, Toyota, Lexus, Cadillac }. The feature size partitions the cars into sets of small and large cars, {{ VW Beetle, Toyota}, { Lexus, Cadillac }}. The feature domestic­origin partitions the cars into {{ VW Beetle, Toyota, Lexus }, { Cadillac

Bender, Michael

430

An extended level set method for shape and topology optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the conventional level set methods are extended as an effective approach for shape and topology optimization by the introduction of the radial basis functions (RBFs). The RBF multiquadric splines are used to construct the implicit level ... Keywords: Extension velocity, Gradient-based optimization, Level set method, Radial basis functions, Shape optimization, Topology optimization

S. Y. Wang; K. M. Lim; B. C. Khoo; M. Y. Wang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

MCSE: Microsoft Windows 2000 Core Exam Set Readiness Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Test your readiness for core MCSE Exams 70-210, 70-215, 70-216, and 70-217 with this all-in-one set! With the Readiness Review core exam set including a companion CD, candidates of certification in Windows 2000 can sharpen their ...

Microsoft Corporation

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Uncertainty measures for general Type-2 fuzzy sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five uncertainty measures have previously been defined for interval Type-2 fuzzy sets (IT2 FSs), namely centroid, cardinality, fuzziness, variance and skewness. Based on a recently developed @a-plane representation for a general T2 FS, this paper generalizes ... Keywords: ?-Plane representation, Cardinality, Centroid, Fuzziness, Skewness, Type-2 fuzzy sets, Uncertainty measures, Variance

Daoyuan Zhai; Jerry M. Mendel

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

LDRD program update set for June 12 | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

program update set for June 12 | National Nuclear Security program update set for June 12 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LDRD program update set for June 12 LDRD program update set for June 12 Posted By Office of Public Affairs LDRD program update set for June 12 The NNSA will host an Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD)

434

Lab Breakthrough: Record-Setting Cavities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Record-Setting Cavities Record-Setting Cavities Lab Breakthrough: Record-Setting Cavities April 24, 2012 - 2:34pm Addthis At Jefferson Lab, researchers have fabricated a niobium cavity for particle accelerators that has set a world record for energy efficiency. Gianluigi "Gigi" Ciovati, a superconducting radiofrequency scientist, discusses how scientists at the Jefferson Lab developed the technology, and how it will be used to impact the energy industry. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? With more powerful accelerators, researchers can someday build new power plants that produce little or no nuclear waste. At Jefferson Lab, researchers have fabricated a niobium cavity for particle accelerators that has set a world record for energy efficiency. Gianluigi

435

Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA Abstract We have undertaken a thorough inventory of the structural settings of known geothermal systems (>400 total) in the extensional to transtensional terrane of the Great Basin in the western USA. Of the more than 200 geothermal fields catalogued to date, we found that step-overs or relay ramps in normal fault zones served as the most favorable structural setting, hosting ~32% of the systems. Such areas are characterized by multiple, commonly overlapping fault strands, increased fracture density,

436

LBA Data Sets Released from Two Science Themes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

two data sets from the Land Use and two data sets from the Land Use and Land Cover Change science theme, and one data set from the Carbon Dynamics theme. These science research themes are components of the LBA-ECO Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). LBA-ECO LC-07 Methane and Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Balbina Reservoir, Brazil. Data set prepared by A. Kemenes, B.R. Forsberg, and J.M. Melack. This data set provides flux measurements of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from surface waters to the atmosphere, and CH4, CO2, and oxygen (O2) concentrations of surface water, and concentrations measured at several depths of the Balbina Reservoir in the central Amazon Basin, Amazonas, Brazil. The Balbina Reservoir was formed by impounding the Uatuma River in 1987.

437

Pantex sets safety record | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

sets safety record | National Nuclear Security Administration sets safety record | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Pantex sets safety record Pantex sets safety record Posted By Office of Public Affairs Pantex has set a new safety record with the lowest recordable case rate in the plant's history. The record total recordable case rate of 0.26 is a fitting end to an

438

New simulation speed record set on Sequoia | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

New simulation speed record set on Sequoia | National Nuclear Security New simulation speed record set on Sequoia | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > New simulation speed record set on Sequoia New simulation speed record set on Sequoia Posted By Office of Public Affairs New simulation speed record set on Sequoia Computer scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and

439

A review of selected energy-related data sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DOE`s Office of Planning and Assessment (OPA) performs crosscutting technical, policy, and environmental assessments of energy technologies and markets. To support these efforts, OPA is in the process of creating a data base management system (DBMS) that will include relevant data compiled from other sources. One of the first steps is a review of selected data sets that may be considered for inclusion in the DBMS. The review covered data sets in five categories: buildings-specific data, industry-specific data, transportation-specific data, utilities-specific data, and crosscutting/general data. Reviewed data sets covered a broad array of energy efficiency, renewable, and/or benchmark technologies. Most data sets reviewed in this report are sponsored by Federal government entities and major industry organizations. Additional data sets reviewed are sponsored by the states of California and New York and regional entities in the Pacific Northwest. Prior to full review, candidate data sets were screened for their utility to OPA. Screening criteria included requirements that a data set be particularly applicable to OPA`s data needs, documented, current, and obtainable. To fully implement its DBMS, OPA will need to expand the review to other data sources, and must carefully consider the implications of differing assumptions and methodologies when comparing data.

Nicholls, A.K.; Elliott, D.B.; Jones, M.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Hannifan, J.M.; Degroat, K.J.; Eichner, M.J.; King, J.E. [Meridian Corp., Alexandria, VA (United States)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A review of selected energy-related data sets  

SciTech Connect

DOE's Office of Planning and Assessment (OPA) performs crosscutting technical, policy, and environmental assessments of energy technologies and markets. To support these efforts, OPA is in the process of creating a data base management system (DBMS) that will include relevant data compiled from other sources. One of the first steps is a review of selected data sets that may be considered for inclusion in the DBMS. The review covered data sets in five categories: buildings-specific data, industry-specific data, transportation-specific data, utilities-specific data, and crosscutting/general data. Reviewed data sets covered a broad array of energy efficiency, renewable, and/or benchmark technologies. Most data sets reviewed in this report are sponsored by Federal government entities and major industry organizations. Additional data sets reviewed are sponsored by the states of California and New York and regional entities in the Pacific Northwest. Prior to full review, candidate data sets were screened for their utility to OPA. Screening criteria included requirements that a data set be particularly applicable to OPA's data needs, documented, current, and obtainable. To fully implement its DBMS, OPA will need to expand the review to other data sources, and must carefully consider the implications of differing assumptions and methodologies when comparing data.

Nicholls, A.K.; Elliott, D.B.; Jones, M.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Hannifan, J.M.; Degroat, K.J.; Eichner, M.J.; King, J.E. (Meridian Corp., Alexandria, VA (United States))

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Causal sets and conservation laws in tests of Lorentz symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many of the most important astrophysical tests of Lorentz symmetry also assume that energy-momentum of the observed particles is exactly conserved. In the causal set approach to quantum gravity a particular kind of Lorentz symmetry holds but energy-momentum conservation may be violated. We show that incorrectly assuming exact conservation can give rise to a spurious signal of Lorentz symmetry violation for a causal set. However, the size of this spurious signal is much smaller than can be currently detected and hence astrophysical Lorentz symmetry tests as currently performed are safe from causal set induced violations of energy-momentum conservation.

David Mattingly

2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

442

LANL sets magnetic record | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sets magnetic record | National Nuclear Security Administration sets magnetic record | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LANL sets magnetic record LANL sets magnetic record Posted By Office of Public Affairs Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory's biggest magnet facility recently produced magnetic fields in excess of 100 tesla while conducting

443

Prioritize Strategies and Set Internal Reduction Targets for Scope 3  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strategies and Set Internal Reduction Targets for Scope Strategies and Set Internal Reduction Targets for Scope 3 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Prioritize Strategies and Set Internal Reduction Targets for Scope 3 Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 10:22am Addthis The final steps in the greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation planning process for Scope 3 emissions include: Prioritizing strategies across all Scope 3 emission sources Setting internal Scope 3 reduction targets. Prioritizing All Scope 3 Strategies Once the Federal agency understands what Scope 3 reductions are feasible and at what costs, it should prioritize proposed GHG reduction activities across all Scope 3 emission sources. This prioritization will help agencies determine how to get the most out of limited resources for Scope 3 mitigation. It will also assist in developing more informed targets at the

444

NIST Finalizes Initial Set of Smart Grid Cyber Security Guidelines |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NIST Finalizes Initial Set of Smart Grid Cyber Security Guidelines NIST Finalizes Initial Set of Smart Grid Cyber Security Guidelines NIST Finalizes Initial Set of Smart Grid Cyber Security Guidelines September 2, 2010 - 3:15pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) issued today its first Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security, which includes high-level security requirements, a framework for assessing risks, an evaluation of privacy issues at personal residences, and additional information for businesses and organizations to use as they craft strategies to protect the modernizing power grid from attacks, malicious code, cascading errors, and other threats. The product of two formal public reviews and the focus of numerous workshops and teleconferences over the past 17 months, the three-volume set

445

Economic Development Set-Aside (EDSA) (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Set-Aside (EDSA) (Iowa) Set-Aside (EDSA) (Iowa) Economic Development Set-Aside (EDSA) (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info Funding Source Job Creation, Retention and Enhancement Fund State Iowa Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Provider Iowa Economic Development Authority The Economic Development Set-Aside (EDSA) program provides financial assistance to those businesses and industries requiring such assistance in order to create new job opportunities. Assistance is provided to encourage

446

Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy Efficiency Goals for Industry Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set Energy Efficiency Goals for Industry February 17, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis PORTLAND, OR - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Northwest Food Processors Association today set ambitious goals to reduce energy use and carbon emissions in the industrial sector. DOE Industrial Technologies Program Manager Douglas Kaempf and Northwest Food Processors Association (NWFPA) President David Zepponi signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) announcing an industry-wide target of reducing energy intensity (energy use per unit of output) by 25 percent over the next ten years. This aggressive goal demonstrates the continued leadership of the Northwest region and the

447

Step 2: Set an energy performance target | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

you have a team assembled, it's time to set a goal. Choose from two types of goals: Percentage better than median You can specify a percentage better than the national median for...

448

LBA-ECO DECAF Model Output Data Set Published  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DECAF Model Output Data Set Published The ORNL DAAC announces the publication of the model output data product, Deforestation Carbon Flux (DECAF), from the LBA Land Use-Land Cover...

449

Two NACP Data Sets Published from Regional Synthesis and Site...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NACP Regional: Original Observation Data and Biosphere and Inverse Model Outputs . Data set prepared by R.B. Cook, W.M. Post, P.E. Thornton, A. Jacobson, D.N. Huntzinger, Y....

450

ARM - PI Product - Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsNauru Island Effect Detection Data Set Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Nauru Island Effect...

451

LBA Land Use and Land Cover Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simple Tropical Ecosystem Model Published The ORNL DAAC announces the release of the data set LBA-ECO LC-31 Simple Tropical Ecosystem Model. LBA-ECO LC-31 Simple Tropical...

452

TransCom3 Data Set Released, October 2008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TransCom3 Data Set Released, October 2008 The ORNL DAAC announces the release of "TransCom3: Annual Mean CO2 Flux Estimates from Atmospheric Inversion (Level 1)", prepared by K.R....

453

Four LBA-ECO Data Sets Released, November 2008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

vary: LBA-ECO LC-13 GIS Coverages of Logged Areas, Cauaxi, Para, Brazil: 1996, 1998. Data set prepared by Gregory P. Asner. LBA-ECO LC-13 GIS Coverages of Logged Areas, Juruena,...

454

ARM - PI Product - NSA AERI Hatch Correction Data Set  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsNSA AERI Hatch Correction Data Set Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : NSA AERI Hatch Correction...

455

LBA Land Use and Land Cover Change Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

four data sets from the Carbon four data sets from the Carbon Dynamics and Nutrient Dynamics science themes, components of the LBA-ECO Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). LBA-ECO CD-36 South American Land Data Assimilation System Atmospheric Forcing Data . Data set prepared by L.G.G. de Goncalves, W.J. Shuttleworth, D. Vila, E. Larroza, M.J. Bottino, D.L. Herdies, J.A. Aravequia, J.G. de Mattos, D.L. Toll, M. Rodell and P. Houser. This data set provides South American Land Data Assimilation System (SALDAS) atmospheric forcing data necessary for land surface modeling for South America. The data were derived by combining modeled and observation based sources.The forcing data cover the entire continent of South America at 0.125 degree resolution and are built around the model-calculated values of

456

World's Largest Laser Sets New Records | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

World's Largest Laser Sets New Records World's Largest Laser Sets New Records World's Largest Laser Sets New Records November 10, 2010 - 6:26pm Addthis Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? The National Ignition Facility in California fired a shot of 300 trillion neutrons -- one step closer to the amount of neutrons needed to reach fusion ignition. Scientists also used the laser to create a temperature of six million degrees Fahernheit. The world's largest laser, located at the National Ignition Facility (or NIF) in California, set new records on October 31 and November 2. Specifically, on October 31 the NIF laser fired a shot of 300 trillion neutrons, the most neutrons ever yielded by a laser to date, and one step closer to the amount of neutrons (about 10 to the 18th power) needed to

457

Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress (ESECS EE-4015) Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies (This page intentionally left blank) 8/7/2006 - 2 - Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Introduction This report addresses section 1819 of Public Law 109-58, also referred to as the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Section 1819 states: "Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report evaluating methodologies to ensure the widest participation practicable in setting goals and milestones under the hydrogen program of the Department, including international participants." In response to section 1819, the United States Department of Energy (DOE) delivers this report

458

Department Sets Aggressive Schedule for New Appliance Standards |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sets Aggressive Schedule for New Appliance Standards Sets Aggressive Schedule for New Appliance Standards Department Sets Aggressive Schedule for New Appliance Standards February 1, 2006 - 8:52am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today released a schedule for setting new appliance efficiency standards. The five-year plan outlines how DOE will work with all of its partners to address the appliance standards rulemaking backlog and meet all of the statutory requirements established in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act and the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005). "Improved efficiency saves Americans money and energy," said Acting Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Douglas L. Faulkner. "This aggressive schedule shows our commitment to greater

459

Partial Functions and Equality in Answer Set Programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose an extension of Answer Set Programming (ASP) [1], and in particular, of its most general logical counterpart, Quantified Equilibrium Logic (QEL) [2], to deal with partial functions. Although the treatment of equality in QEL can ...

Pedro Cabalar

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Constructing Approximations to the Efficient Set of Convex Quadratic ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it is important to gain as much information as possible about the solution set of a given problem ...... the total energy production cost is minimized,. the wear ..... Markets. Basil Blackwell Ltd, Oxford, 1987. [34] H[arry] M. Markowitz. Portfolio...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Privacy-preserving anonymization of set-valued data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we study the problem of protecting privacy in the publication of set-valued data. Consider a collection of transactional data that contains detailed information about items bought together by individuals. Even after removing all personal ...

Manolis Terrovitis; Nikos Mamoulis; Panos Kalnis

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

LBA Land Use and Land Cover Change Data Sets Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Three Science Themes The ORNL DAAC announces the release of eight data sets from three science themes. These science research themes are components of the LBA-ECO Large Scale...

463

A New Global Set of Downscaled Temperature Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new set of empiricalstatistical downscaled seasonal mean temperature scenarios is presented for locations spread across all continents. These results are based on the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 3 (CMIP3) simulations, the ...

Rasmus E. Benestad

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

NREL Helps Greensburg Set the Model for Green Communities (Fact...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Greensburg Set the Model for Green Communities After a massive tornado destroyed or severely damaged 95% of Greensburg, Kansas on May 4, 2007, key leaders in Greensburg and Kansas...

465

Four regional transmission organizations set new or nearly broke ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

CORRECTION: ISO-NE did not set a new all-time system demand record on July 22, 2011, as previously reported in Today in Energy on July 25, 2011.

466

DOE Guidance-Setting Effective Date for New Hires  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The purpose of this memorandum is to establish the Department of Energy's (DOE) policy for setting effective dates for newly hired employees and to ensure uniform application among DOE Headquarters...

467

Parallel execution of multi-set constraint rewrite rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-set constraint rewriting allows for a highly parallel computational model and has been used in a multitude of application domains such as constraint solving, agent specification etc. Rewriting steps can be applied simultaneously as long as they ...

Martin Sulzmann; Edmund S. L. Lam

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

HIV antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings: Experiences ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

people with HIV/AIDS in the world live in resource-poor settings [2]. Since the .... The choice of the three drugs used in the first-line regi- .... Field work- ers have...

469

A comparison of routing sets for robust network design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

show that the optimal cost provided by volume routing is not less than the ... best case, we can estimate a set that contains most likely values for the demand.

470

Service settings for an aging society : a community ordering principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current facility models used in the design of housing and service settings for older people encourage the development of urban, large scale, age-segregated institutional environments. Research has either unwittingly or ...

Nelson, Gaius Grant

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Three Data Sets Released from LBA-ECO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(LBA). LBA-ECO CD-04 Logging Damage, km 83 Tower Site, Tapajos National Forest, Brazil. Data set prepared by C.A.D. de Sousa, J.R. Elliot, E.L. Read, and A.M. Figueira. This...

472

STANDARD-SETTING, INNOVATION SPECIALISTS AND COMPETITION POLICY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a simple model of patent licensing followed by product-market competition, this paper investigates several competition policy questions related to standard-setting organizations (SSO's). It concludes that competition ...

Schmalensee, Richard

473

Sun or Moon Rise/Set Table for One Year  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEW YORK Astronomical Applications Dept. Location: W072 59, N40 50 Rise and Set for the Sun for 2013 U. S. Naval Observatory Washington, DC 20392-5420 Eastern Standard Time Jan....

474

Department Sets Aggressive Schedule for New Appliance Standards |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department Sets Aggressive Schedule for New Appliance Standards Department Sets Aggressive Schedule for New Appliance Standards Department Sets Aggressive Schedule for New Appliance Standards February 1, 2006 - 8:52am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today released a schedule for setting new appliance efficiency standards. The five-year plan outlines how DOE will work with all of its partners to address the appliance standards rulemaking backlog and meet all of the statutory requirements established in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act and the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005). "Improved efficiency saves Americans money and energy," said Acting Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Douglas L. Faulkner. "This aggressive schedule shows our commitment to greater

475

LANL sets magnetic record | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

sets magnetic record | National Nuclear Security Administration sets magnetic record | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > LANL sets magnetic record LANL sets magnetic record Posted By Office of Public Affairs Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory's biggest magnet facility recently produced magnetic fields in excess of 100 tesla while conducting

476

LBA-ECO Data Sets Released, January 2007  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

announces the release of two data sets associated with the announces the release of two data sets associated with the LBA-ECO component of the Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). The data set entitled "LBA-ECO TG-07 Forest Structure Measurements for GLAS Validation: Santarem 2004" provides the results of GLAS (the Geoscience Laser Altimer System) forest structure validation surveys conducted along transects at the Santarem and Sao Jorge forest sites. The data set entitled "LBA-ECO LC-23 ASTER and MODIS Fire Data Comparison for Brazil: 2003-2004" provides data associated with MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) fire maps generated using two different algorithms and compared against fire maps produced by ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer). One

477

EPRI EMF Exposure Database: Telephone Line Workers Data Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers at Johns Hopkins University provided data from the EPRI-sponsored Leukemia in Telephone Linemen Study (WO2964-04) for inclusion in the EPRI EMF Exposure Database. This data set contains three data products related to measurements of magnetic field personal exposure: binary and ASCII time-series files of individual measurements and a summary file for each measured worker. The documentation associated with this data set includes a project synopsis, descriptions of all data elements, and the for...

1996-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

478

Maximal r-Diameter Sets and Solids of Constant Width  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We recall the definition of an r-maximal set in a metric space as a maximal subset of diameter r. In the special case when the metric space is Euclidean such a set is exactly a solid of constant diameter r. In the process of reviewing the theory of these objects we provide a simple construction which generates a large class of such solids.

Ethan Akin

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

479

Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Sets Massive Protective Shield door in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Treatment Plant Sets Massive Protective Shield door Waste Treatment Plant Sets Massive Protective Shield door in Pretreatment Facility Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Sets Massive Protective Shield door in Pretreatment Facility January 12, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis The carbon steel doors come together to form an upside-down L-shape. The 102-ton door was set on top of the 85-ton door that was installed at the end of December. The carbon steel doors come together to form an upside-down L-shape. The 102-ton door was set on top of the 85-ton door that was installed at the end of December. The 102-ton shield door measures 52 feet wide and 15 feet tall The 102-ton shield door measures 52 feet wide and 15 feet tall The carbon steel doors come together to form an upside-down L-shape. The 102-ton door was set on top of the 85-ton door that was installed at the end of December.

480

Towards a Definition of Locality in a Manifoldlike Causal Set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is a common misconception that spacetime discreteness necessarily implies a violation of local Lorentz invariance. In fact, in the causal set approach to quantum gravity, Lorentz invariance follows from the specific implementation of the discreteness hypothesis. However, this comes at the cost of locality. In particular, it is difficult to define a "local" region in a manifoldlike causal set, i.e., one that corresponds to an approximately flat spacetime region. Following up on suggestions from previous work, we bridge this lacuna by proposing a definition of locality based on the abundance of m-element order-intervals as a function of m in a causal set. We obtain analytic expressions for the expectation value of this function for an ensemble of causal set that faithfully embeds into an Alexandrov interval in d-dimensional Minkowski spacetime and use it to define local regions in a manifoldlike causal set. We use this to argue that evidence of local regions is a necessary condition for manifoldlikeness in a causal set. This in addition provides a new continuum dimension estimator. We perform extensive simulations which support our claims.

Lisa Glaser; Sumati Surya

2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat settings placement" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Dimerization of a Viral SET Protein Endows its Function  

SciTech Connect

Histone modifications are regarded as the most indispensible phenomena in epigenetics. Of these modifications, lysine methylation is of the greatest complexity and importance as site- and state-specific lysine methylation exerts a plethora of effects on chromatin structure and gene transcription. Notably, paramecium bursaria chlorella viruses encode a conserved SET domain methyltransferase, termed vSET, that functions to suppress host transcription by methylating histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27), a mark for eukaryotic gene silencing. Unlike mammalian lysine methyltransferases (KMTs), vSET functions only as a dimer, but the underlying mechanism has remained elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that dimeric vSET operates with negative cooperativity between the two active sites and engages in H3K27 methylation one site at a time. New atomic structures of vSET in the free form and a ternary complex with S-adenosyl homocysteine and a histone H3 peptide and biochemical analyses reveal the molecular origin for the negative cooperativity and explain the substrate specificity of H3K27 methyltransferases. Our study suggests a 'walking' mechanism, by which vSET acts all by itself to globally methylate host H3K27, which is accomplished by the mammalian EZH2 KMT only in the context of the Polycomb repressive complex.

H Wei; M Zhou

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

482

Cold hands, warm hearth?: Climate, net takeback, household comfort  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insulation reduces marginal heating costs and may lead to a takeback effect of higher wintertime thermostat settings, with a consequent dilution of energy savings. Alternatively, additional insulation could permit a lower thermostat setting by reducing drafts and radiation while increasing moisture retention, thereby enhancing comfort. This paper evaluates thermostat net takeback, the difference between takeback and enhanced comfort. Evidence supports the existence of both effects, with net takeback at the low end of literature estimates. Net thermostat takeback is on the order of 0.05{degrees}F, leading to an energy takeback that ranges from 1-3% of potential energy savings, depending on climate and house size. Other significant determinants of thermostat are heating energy price and the presence of elderly or young occupants. 19 refs., 4 tabs.

Schwarz, P.M. [North Carolina Univ., Charlotte, NC (United States); Taylor, T.N. [Duke Power Co., Charlotte, NC (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

483

International Review of Framework for Standards & Labeling Setting and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Review of Framework for Standards & Labeling Setting and International Review of Framework for Standards & Labeling Setting and Development Title International Review of Framework for Standards & Labeling Setting and Development Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2012 Authors Zhou, Nan, Nina Zheng Khanna, David Fridley, and John Romankiewicz Date Published 09/2012 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Keywords appliance, framework, labeling, standards, techno-economics analyses Abstract As appliance energy efficiency standards and labeling (S&L) programs reach a broader geographic and product scope, a series of sophisticated and complex technical and economic analyses have been adopted by different countries in the world to support and enhance these growing S&L programs. The initial supporting techno-economic and impact analyses for S&L development make up a defined framework and process for setting and developing appropriate appliance efficiency standards and labeling programs. This report reviews in-depth the existing framework for standards setting and label development in the well-established programs of the U.S., Australia and the EU to identify and evaluate major trends in how and why key analyses are undertaken and to understand major similarities and differences between each of the frameworks.

484

Feeling the Heat... From My TV Set | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Feeling the Heat... From My TV Set Feeling the Heat... From My TV Set Feeling the Heat... From My TV Set August 8, 2011 - 2:32pm Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory How many light bulbs does it take to equal the power output of a TV set? Or is it the other way around? The answer: It depends on the bulb and the TV. There are a few factors that determine the answer such as the wattage of the standard light bulb and the wattage of the TV. I was curious about the energy usage of my 48" LCD flat screen TV, since I can feel the heat coming off of it when it's on (which doesn't help me to feel cooler in the summer). I figured it must be using a ton of power! Older color TV sets with cathode ray tubes (CRTs) have an energy use range of 65-133 watts, depending on size: See the Typical Wattages of Various

485

FIRST 100 T NON-DESTRUCTIVE MAGNET OUTER COIL SET  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The controlled power outer coil set of the first 100 T non-destructive (100 T ND) magnet is described. This magnet will be installed as part of the user facility research equipment at the National High Magnetic Field laboratory (NHMFL) Pulsed Field Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The 100 T ND controlled power outer coil set consists of seven nested, mechanically independent externally reinforced coils. These coils, in combination, will produce a 47 T platform field in a 225-mm diameter bore. Using inertial energy storage a synchronous motor/generator provides ac power to a set of seven ac-dc converters rated at 64 MW/80 MVA each. These converters energize three independent coil circuits to create 170 MJ of field energy in the outer coil set at the platform field of 47 T. Each coil consists of a multi-layer winding of high strength conductor supported by an external high strength stainless steel shell. Coils with the highest magnetic loads will utilize a reinforcing shell fabricated from highly cold worked 301 stainless steel strip. The autofrettage conditioning method will be used to pre-stress the coils and thereby limit conductor and reinforcement strains to the elastic range. The purpose of pre-stressing the coils is to attain a design life of 10,000 full field pulses. The operation and conditioning of the coil set will be described along with special features of its design, magnetic and structural analyses and construction.

J. BACON; A. BACA; ET AL

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Analyzing Facebook privacy settings: User expectations vs. reality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sharing of personal data has emerged as a popular activity over online social networking sites like Facebook. As a result, the issue of online social network privacy has received significant attention in both the research literature and the mainstream media. Our overarching goal is to improve defaults and provide better tools for managing privacy, but we are limited by the fact that the full extent of the privacy problem remains unknown; there is little quantification of the incidence of incorrect privacy settings or the difficulty users face when managing their privacy. In this paper, we focus on measuring the disparity between the desired and actual privacy settings, quantifying the magnitude of the problem of managing privacy. We deploy a survey, implemented as a Facebook application, to 200 Facebook users recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk. We find that 36 % of content remains shared with the default privacy settings. We also find that, overall, privacy settings match users expectations only 37 % of the time, and when incorrect, almost always expose content to more users than expected. Finally, we explore how our results have potential to assist users in selecting appropriate privacy settings by examining the user-created friend lists. We find that these have significant correlation with the social network, suggesting that information from the social network may be helpful in implementing new tools for managing privacy.

Yabing Liu; Balachander Krishnamurthy; Krishna P. Gummadi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

The Failure of Online Social Network Privacy Settings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasingly, people are sharing sensitive personal information via online social networks (OSN). While such networks do permit users to control what they share with whom, access control policies are notoriously difficult to configure correctly; this raises the question of whether OSN users privacy settings match their sharing intentions. We present the results of an empirical evaluation that measures privacy attitudes and intentions and compares these against the privacy settings on Facebook. Our results indicate a serious mismatch: every one of the 65 participants in our study confirmed that at least one of the identified violations was in fact a sharing violation. In other words, OSN users privacy settings are incorrect. Furthermore, a majority of users cannot or will not fix such errors. We conclude that the current approach to privacy settings is fundamentally flawed and cannot be fixed; a fundamentally different approach is needed. We present recommendations to ameliorate the current problems, as well as provide suggestions for future research. 1 Related Work To the best of our knowledge this is the first attempt to measure the correctness of privacy settings by first surveying users sharing intentions, to aid the process of identifying potential violations, then confirming the potential violations with the user. We argue that this method produces a more accurate evaluation compared

Michelle Madejski; Maritza Johnson; Steven M. Bellovin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Feeling the Heat... From My TV Set | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Feeling the Heat... From My TV Set Feeling the Heat... From My TV Set Feeling the Heat... From My TV Set August 8, 2011 - 2:32pm Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory How many light bulbs does it take to equal the power output of a TV set? Or is it the other way around? The answer: It depends on the bulb and the TV. There are a few factors that determine the answer such as the wattage of the standard light bulb and the wattage of the TV. I was curious about the energy usage of my 48" LCD flat screen TV, since I can feel the heat coming off of it when it's on (which doesn't help me to feel cooler in the summer). I figured it must be using a ton of power! Older color TV sets with cathode ray tubes (CRTs) have an energy use range of 65-133 watts, depending on size: See the Typical Wattages of Various

489

Propensity score analysis in the Genetic Analysis Workshop 17 simulated data set on independent individuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Workshop 17 simulated data set on independent individuals.Workshop 17 simulated data set on independent individualspower in this small data set by limiting the genomic

Lin, Chen; Sathirapongsasuti, Fah J; Kerner, Berit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

6.4.4.1.1. Data Set of Monthly CO2 Concentrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 6.4.4.1. Sample Data Sets 6.4.4.1.1. Data Set of Monthly CO2 Concentrations. Source and Background, This data set contains ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

491

Advisory Board Public Meeting Set for Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advisory Board Public Meeting Set for Webinar Advisory Board Public Meeting Set for Webinar Advisory Board Public Meeting Set for Webinar April 4, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Participants in a previous EM Site-Specific Advisory Board meeting. Participants in a previous EM Site-Specific Advisory Board meeting. The Department will host its first EM Site-Specific Advisory Board (EM SSAB) Chairs meeting via webinar on Thursday, April 25, 2013, from 1 to 5:30 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time. The purpose of the webinar is to provide an opportunity for EM SSAB Chairs and members of their local boards to receive presentations from EM managers and discuss crosscutting issues that impact sites and local stakeholders throughout the EM complex. Any interested stakeholders or members of the public who would like to observe the proceedings are encouraged to attend.

492

LBA Data set Released from the Physical Climate Science Theme  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physical Climate Science Research Theme Physical Climate Science Research Theme The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a data set from the Physical Climate (PC-06) Science theme of LBA. LBA-HMET PC-06 ECMWF Modeled Precipitation and Surface Flux, Rondonia, Brazil: 1999. Data set prepared by A.K. Betts and C. Jakob. This data set provides the mean diurnal cycle of precipitation, near-surface thermodynamics, and surface fluxes generated from short-term forecasts from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model. The ECMWF model was run for two LBA campaigns conducted in Rondonia, Brazil during January and February of 1999: Wet Season Atmospheric Mesoscale Campaign (WETAMC) and the Tropical Rainfall measuring Mission (TRMM). LBA was an international research initiative under the leadership of

493

Setting the Record Straight on Weatherization | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Setting the Record Straight on Weatherization Setting the Record Straight on Weatherization Setting the Record Straight on Weatherization August 27, 2010 - 3:02pm Addthis Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Home around the country are being weatherized -- cutting energy waste and saving money at the same time. Yesterday, Vice President Biden visited a New Hampshire homeowner and announced that more than 200,000 homes have been weatherized as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, helping families across the nation cut their energy bills. The Associated Press ran an article today critical of the announcement and suggesting - incorrectly - that the Administration hasn't acknowledged that the program got off to a slower start than was anticipated.

494

Lab sets new record for waste volume removed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab Sets New Record for Waste Volume Removed Lab Sets New Record for Waste Volume Removed Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Lab sets new record for waste volume removed The Transuranic Waste Program has met its commitment to ship 800 cubic meters of TRU waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant during fiscal year 2012. November 1, 2012 dummy image Read our archives Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email A lot of people worked together to make this happen, including our partners at the State of New Mexico and WIPP, as well as NNSA, the Los Alamos Site Office, and the Laboratory. The LANL Transuranic (TRU) Waste Program has met its commitment to ship 800 cubic meters of TRU waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) during

495

Tectonic setting of the Coso geothermal reservoir | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tectonic setting of the Coso geothermal reservoir Tectonic setting of the Coso geothermal reservoir Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Tectonic setting of the Coso geothermal reservoir Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Coso geothermal reservoir is being developed in Sierran-type crystalline bedrock of the Coso Mountains, a small desert mountain range just to the east of the Sierra Nevada and Rose Valley, which is the southern extension of the Owens Valley of eastern California Optimum development of this reservoir requires an understanding of the fracture hydrology of the Coso Mountains crystalline terrain and its hydrologic connection to regional groundwater and thermal sources. An interpreted, conceptually balanced regional cross section that extends from the Sierra

496

LANL sets waste shipping record for fourth consecutive year  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LANL Sets Waste Shipping Record LANL Sets Waste Shipping Record Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit LANL sets waste shipping record for fourth consecutive year The Laboratory has transported more than 1,000 shipments to WIPP since that facility opened in 1999. September 1, 2012 dummy image Read our archives Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email Our goal this fiscal year is 184 shipments, and we are on track to surpass that by a substantial margin. For the fourth consecutive year, Los Alamos National Laboratory's Transuranic (TRU) Waste Program sent a record number of shipments to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, N.M. for permanent storage. The Laboratory's 172nd shipment of TRU waste this year left Los Alamos

497

Set and Save with Energy Star (Video) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Set and Save with Energy Star (Video) Set and Save with Energy Star (Video) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.gwec.net/index.php?id=131 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/spain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an overview of total installed wind energy capacity in Spain per year from 2000 to 2010. The page also presents the main market developments from 2010; a policy summary; a discussion of the revision in feed-in tariffs in 2010; and a future market outlook. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Set_and_Save_with_Energy_Star_(Video)&oldid=514554"

498

Environmental Management Scientist Sets His Sights on Mars | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Management Scientist Sets His Sights on Mars Environmental Management Scientist Sets His Sights on Mars Environmental Management Scientist Sets His Sights on Mars September 4, 2012 - 3:29pm Addthis Curiosity, left, at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, in late November 2011. Shown here is the flight hardware that was being assembled prior to shipment to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida for the launch. | Photo Credit Dr. Robert C. Nelson Curiosity, left, at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, in late November 2011. Shown here is the flight hardware that was being assembled prior to shipment to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida for the launch. | Photo Credit Dr. Robert C. Nelson Erin Szulman Erin Szulman Special Assistant, Office of Environmental Management

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Nine LBA-ECO Data Sets Released, May 2008  

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Nine LBA-ECO Data Sets Released Nine LBA-ECO Data Sets Released The ORNL DAAC announces the release of nine Carbon Dynamics data sets associated with the LBA-ECO component of the Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). These Carbon dynamics studies involved the quantification of the carbon pools in vegetation and the rates of carbon exchange among the atmosphere, vegetation, and soils. Ecosystem carbon balance was investigated in a primary tropical forest in central Amazonia using an approach that integrated long-term eddy covariance flux measurements with comprehensive ecological characterization methods. These data are applicable for the investigation of the way in which these rates may be altered by natural and human disturbances. Studies took place in the old-growth upland forest at the Para Western

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Fuel-Efficient Stove Programs in Humanitarian Settings | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel-Efficient Stove Programs in Humanitarian Settings Fuel-Efficient Stove Programs in Humanitarian Settings Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Fuel-Efficient Stove Programs in Humanitarian Settings Agency/Company /Organization: USAID Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, Energy Efficiency Phase: Evaluate Options, Prepare a Plan, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Presentation, Publications User Interface: Spreadsheet, Website Website: www.energytoolbox.org/cookstoves/ Cost: Free Language: English A step-by-step process of assessment, planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation of a Cookstove activity This Toolkit is designed to take you and your organization through a step-by-step process of assessment, planning, implementation, and