Winter Energy Savings from Lower Thermostat Settings
Reports and Publications (EIA)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This discussion provides details on the effect of lowering thermostat settings during the winter heating months of 1997.
Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Water Heaters Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Water Heaters June 23, 2009 -...
Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey
Meier, Alan; Peffer, Therese; Pritoni, Marco; Aragon, Cecilia
2010-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
This report investigates the history of thermostats to better understand the context and legacy regarding the development of this important tool, as well as thermostats' relationships to heating, cooling, and other environmental controls. We analyze the architecture, interfaces, and modes of interaction used by different types of thermostats. For over sixty years, home thermostats have translated occupants' temperature preferences into heating and cooling system operations. In this position of an intermediary, the millions of residential thermostats control almost half of household energy use, which corresponds to about 10percent of the nation's total energy use. Thermostats are currently undergoing rapid development in response to emerging technologies, new consumer and utility demands, and declining manufacturing costs. Energy-efficient homes require more careful balancing of comfort, energy consumption, and health. At the same time, new capabilities will be added to thermostats, including scheduling, control of humidity and ventilation, responsiveness to dynamic electricity prices, and the ability to join communication networks inside homes. Recent studies have found that as many as 50percent of residential programmable thermostats are in permanent"hold" status. Other evaluations found that homes with programmable thermostats consumed more energy than those relying on manual thermostats. Occupants find thermostats cryptic and baffling to operate because manufacturers often rely on obscure, and sometimes even contradictory, terms, symbols, procedures, and icons. It appears that many people are unable to fully exploit even the basic features in today's programmable thermostats, such as setting heating and cooling schedules. It is important that people can easily, reliably, and confidently operate thermostats in their homes so as to remain comfortable while minimizing energy use.
How People Actually Use Thermostats
Meier, Alan; Aragon, Cecilia; Hurwitz, Becky; Mujumdar, Dhawal; Peffer, Therese; Perry, Daniel; Pritoni, Marco
2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Residential thermostats have been a key element in controlling heating and cooling systems for over sixty years. However, today's modern programmable thermostats (PTs) are complicated and difficult for users to understand, leading to errors in operation and wasted energy. Four separate tests of usability were conducted in preparation for a larger study. These tests included personal interviews, an on-line survey, photographing actual thermostat settings, and measurements of ability to accomplish four tasks related to effective use of a PT. The interviews revealed that many occupants used the PT as an on-off switch and most demonstrated little knowledge of how to operate it. The on-line survey found that 89% of the respondents rarely or never used the PT to set a weekday or weekend program. The photographic survey (in low income homes) found that only 30% of the PTs were actually programmed. In the usability test, we found that we could quantify the difference in usability of two PTs as measured in time to accomplish tasks. Users accomplished the tasks in consistently shorter times with the touchscreen unit than with buttons. None of these studies are representative of the entire population of users but, together, they illustrate the importance of improving user interfaces in PTs.
Field Evaluation of Programmable Thermostats
Sachs, O.; Tiefenbeck, V.; Duvier, C.; Qin, A.; Cheney, K.; Akers, C.; Roth, K.
2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Prior research suggests that poor programmable thermostats usability may prevent their effective use to save energy. We hypothesized that home occupants with a high-usability thermostats would be more likely to use them to save energy than people with a basic thermostat. We randomly installed a high-usability thermostat in half the 77 apartments of an affordable housing complex, installing a basic thermostat in the other half. During the heating season, we collected space temperature and furnace on-off data to evaluate occupant interaction with the thermostats, foremost nighttime setbacks. We found that thermostat usability did not influence energy-saving behaviors, finding no significant difference in temperature maintained among apartments with high- and low-usability thermostats.
Thermostatic Radiator Valve Evaluation
Dentz, Jordan [Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Collaborative, New York, NY (United States); Ansanelli, Eric [Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Collaborative, New York, NY (United States)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A large stock of multifamily buildings in the Northeast and Midwest are heated by steam distribution systems. Losses from these systems are typically high and a significant number of apartments are overheated much of the time. Thermostatically controlled radiator valves (TRVs) are one potential strategy to combat this problem, but have not been widely accepted by the residential retrofit market.
How People Actually Use Thermostats
Meier, Alan
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
thermostats, such as the Honeywell Round introduced in 1953,and PTs, such as the Honeywell RTH7600 shown in Figure 1.
How people actually use thermostats
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
thermostats, such as the Honeywell Round introduced in 1953,and PTs, such as the Honeywell RTH7600 shown in Figure 1.
How people actually use thermostats
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
thermostats, such as the Honeywell Round introduced in 1953,and PTs, such as the Honeywell RTH7600 shown in Figure 1.
Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey
Meier, Alan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Figures Figure 1: From left: a Honeywell Round thermostat, a Honeywell setback thermostat, and a controls today: Johnson and Honeywell. In 1883, Warren S.
Krommes, J.A.
2000-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
The delta f simulation method is revisited. Statistical coarse-graining is used to rigorously derive the equation for the fluctuation delta f in the particle distribution. It is argued that completely collisionless simulation is incompatible with the achievement of true statistically steady states with nonzero turbulent fluxes because the variance of the particle weights w grows with time. To ensure such steady states, it is shown that for dynamically collisionless situations a generalized thermostat or W-stat may be used in lieu of a full collision operator to absorb the flow of entropy to unresolved fine scales in velocity space. The simplest W-stat can be implemented as a self-consistently determined, time-dependent damping applied to w. A precise kinematic analogy to thermostatted nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) is pointed out, and the justification of W-stats for simulations of turbulence is discussed. An extrapolation procedure is proposed such that the long-time, steady-state, collisionless flux can be deduced from several short W-statted runs with large effective collisionality, and a numerical demonstration is given.
Hamiltonian for a restricted isoenergetic thermostat
C. P. Dettmann
1999-06-17T23:59:59.000Z
Nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations often use mechanisms called thermostats to regulate the temperature. A Hamiltonian is presented for the case of the isoenergetic (constant internal energy) thermostat corresponding to a tunable isokinetic (constant kinetic energy) thermostat, for which a Hamiltonian has recently been given.
Entropy production in thermostats II
Nurlan S. Dairbekov; Gabriel P. Paternain
2006-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
We show that an arbitrary Anosov Gaussian thermostat close to equilibrium has positive entropy poduction unless the external field $E$ has a global potential. The configuration space is allowed to have any dimension and magnetic forces are also allowed. We also show the following non-perturbative result. Suppose a Gaussian thermostat satisfies \\[K_{w}(\\sigma)+{1/4}|E_{\\sigma}|^2<0\\] for every 2-plane $\\sigma$, where $K_{w}$ is the sectional curvature of the associated Weyl connection and $E_{\\sigma}$ is the orthogonal projection of $E$ onto $\\sigma$. Then the entropy production of any SRB measure is positive unless $E$ has a global potential. A related non-perturbative result is also obtained for certain generalized thermostats on surfaces.
Herter, Karen; Wayland, Seth
2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
Programmable Communicating Thermostats are thermostats that can be programmed by the user to respond to signals indicating a grid-level system emergency or pricing event. The California Energy Commission is considering standards that would include a requirement for Programmable Communicating Thermostats in residential and small commercial applications. The current specification for Programmable Communicating Thermostats requires Radio Data System communications to Programmable Communicating Thermostats. This study tested the signal strength and reliability of Radio Data System signals at 40 customer sites within the Sacramento Municipal Utility District, which is serviced by 17 radio stations that already transmit Radio Data System signals. The study also tested the functionality of a commercially available Programmable Communicating Thermostat for compliance with California Energy Commission design standards. Test results demonstrated that Radio Data System is capable of reliably sending price and emergency signals. This study also provides evidence that existing Programmable Communicating Thermostats, on receiving a Radio Data System pricing or event signal, are capable of automatically increasing set points to a customer-determined or utility-determined level, thus providing air-conditioning demand response within seconds or just a few (less than 5) minutes.
Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey
Meier, Alan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
thermostat was part of a smart home system developed by theproduct/smart-overview/) Figure 4: Control4 home automationhome: personal computers, peripherals, mobile computing devices, smart
RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES
Meier, Alan K.; Walker, Iain
2008-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
This report summarizes results of a literature review, a workshop, and many meetings with demand response and thermostat researchers and implementers. The information obtained from these resources was used to identify key issues of thermostat performance from both energy savings and peak demand perspectives. A research plan was developed to address these issues and activities have already begun to pursue the research agenda.
RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES
Meier, Alan K.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
cooling and ventilating controls are more sophisticated than commonly available in North America 29 . Remoteand cooling systems. Future thermostats may reside in PCs, digital picture frames, or other kinds of remote
Sanandaji, Borhan M.
. Residential Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs) such as air conditioner, heat pump, water heater, and re
ENTROPY PRODUCTION IN THERMOSTATS II NURLAN S. DAIRBEKOV AND GABRIEL P. PATERNAIN
Paternain, Gabriel P.
that an arbitrary Anosov Gaussian thermostat close to equi- librium has positive entropy poduction unless
Facilitating Energy Savings through Enhanced Usability of Thermostats
Meier, Alan; Aragon, Cecilia; Peffer, Therese; Perry, Daniel; Pritoni, Marco
2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z
Residential thermostats play a key role in controlling heating and cooling systems. Occupants often find the controls of programmable thermostats confusing, sometimes leading to higher heating consumption than when the buildings are controlled manually. A high degree of usability is vital to a programmable thermostat's effectiveness because, unlike a more efficient heating system, occupants must engage in specific actions after installation to obtain energy savings. We developed a procedure for measuring the usability of thermostats and tested this methodology with 31 subjects on five thermostats. The procedure requires first identifying representative tasks associated with the device and then testing the subjects ability to accomplish those tasks. The procedure was able to demonstrate the subjects wide ability to accomplish tasks and the influence of a device's usability on success rates. A metric based on the time to accomplish the tasks and the fraction of subjects actually completing the tasks captured the key aspects of each thermostat's usability. The procedure was recently adopted by the Energy Star Program for its thermostat specification. The approach appears suitable for quantifying usability of controls in other products, such as heat pump water heaters and commercial lighting.
Modeling and control of thermostatically controlled loads
Backhaus, Scott N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sinitsyn, Nikolai [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kundu, S. [UNIV OF MICHIGAN; Hiskens, I. [UNIV OF MICHIGAN
2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z
As the penetration of intermittent energy sources grows substantially, loads will be required to play an increasingly important role in compensating the fast time-scale fluctuations in generated power. Recent numerical modeling of thermostatically controlled loads (TCLs) has demonstrated that such load following is feasible, but analytical models that satisfactorily quantify the aggregate power consumption of a group of TCLs are desired to enable controller design. We develop such a model for the aggregate power response of a homogeneous population of TCLs to uniform variation of all TCL setpoints. A linearized model of the response is derived, and a linear quadratic regulator (LQR) has been designed. Using the TCL setpoint as the control input, the LQR enables aggregate power to track reference signals that exhibit step, ramp and sinusoidal variations. Although much of the work assumes a homogeneous population of TCLs with deterministic dynamics, we also propose a method for probing the dynamics of systems where load characteristics are not well known.
A climatic thermostat making Earth habitable
Peter D. Ditlevsen
2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
The mean surface temperature on Earth and other planets with atmospheres is determined by the radiative balance between the non-reflected incoming solar radiation and the outgoing long-wave black-body radiation from the atmosphere. The surface temperature is higher than the black-body temperature due to the greenhouse warming. Balancing the ice-albedo cooling and the greenhouse warming gives rise to two stable climate states. A cold climate state with a completelyice-covered planet, called Snowball Earth, and a warm state similar to our present climate where greenhouse warming prevents the total glacition. The warm state has dominated Earth in most of its geological history despite a 30 % fainter young Sun. The warming could have been controlled by a greenhouse thermostat operating by temperature control of the weathering process depleting the atmosphere from $CO_2$. This temperature control has permitted life to evolve as early as the end of the heavy bombartment 4 billion years ago.
Kansas City Power & Light- Energy Optimizer Programmable Thermostat Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Kansas City Power and Light (KCP&L) offers a free programmable thermostat and free installation to qualifying customers to manage energy usage. Only residential and small commercial customers...
Kansas City Power and Light- Energy Optimizer Programmable Thermostat Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Kansas City Power and Light (KCP&L) offers a free Honeywell programmable thermostat, worth $300, and free installation to qualifying customers to manage energy usage. Only residential and small...
Energy, Carbon-emission and Financial Savings from Thermostat Control
Blasing, T J [ORNL; Schroeder, Dana [University of Georgia, Athens, GA
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Among the easiest approaches to energy, and cost, savings for most people is the adjustment of thermostats to save energy. Here we estimate savings of energy, carbon, and money in the United States of America (USA) that would result from adjusting thermostats in residential and commercial buildings by about half a degree Celsius downward during the heating season and upward during the cooling season. To obtain as small a unit as possible, and therefore the least likely to be noticeable by most people, we selected an adjustment of one degree Fahrenheit (0.56 degree Celsius) which is the gradation used almost exclusively on thermostats in the USA and is the smallest unit of temperature that has been used historically. Heating and/or cooling of interior building space for personal comfort is sometimes referred to as space conditioning, a term we will use for convenience throughout this work without consideration of humidity. Thermostat adjustment, as we use the term here, applies to thermostats that control the indoor temperature, and not to other thermostats such as those on water heaters. We track emissions of carbon only, rather than of carbon dioxide, because carbon atoms change atomic partners as they move through the carbon cycle, from atmosphere to biosphere or ocean and, on longer time scales, through the rock cycle. To convert a mass of carbon to an equivalent mass of carbon dioxide (thereby including the mass of the 2 oxygen atoms in each molecule) simply multiply by 3.67.
What Do You Set Your Thermostat to? | Department of Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment of EnergyThe U.S. Department ofFebruary 27, 2015 Is
A new and effective method for thermostatting confined fluids
De Luca, Sergio; Todd, B. D., E-mail: btodd@swin.edu.au [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Technology, and Centre for Molecular Simulation, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria 3122 (Australia); Hansen, J. S. [DNRF Center “Glass and Time,” IMFUFA, Department of Science, Systems and Models, Roskilde University, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark)] [DNRF Center “Glass and Time,” IMFUFA, Department of Science, Systems and Models, Roskilde University, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Daivis, Peter J. [School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3001 (Australia)] [School of Applied Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3001 (Australia)
2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
We present a simple thermostatting method suitable for nanoconfined fluid systems. Two conventional strategies involve thermostatting the fluid directly or employing a thermal wall that couples only the wall atoms with the thermostat. When only a thermal wall is implemented, the temperature control of the fluid is true to the actual experiment and the heat is transferred from the fluid to the walls. However, for large or complex systems it can often be computationally prohibitive to employ thermal walls. To overcome this limitation many researchers choose to freeze wall atoms and instead apply a synthetic thermostat to the fluid directly through the equations of motion. This, however, can have serious consequences for the mechanical, thermodynamic, and dynamical properties of the fluid by introducing unphysical behaviour into the system [Bernardi et al., J. Chem. Phys. 132, 244706 (2010)]. In this paper, we propose a simple scheme which enables working with both frozen walls and naturally thermostatted liquids. This is done by superimposing the walls with oscillating particles, which vibrate on the edge of the fluid control volume. These particles exchange energy with the fluid molecules, but do not interact with wall atoms or each other, thus behaving as virtual particles. Their displacements violate the Lindemann criterion for melting, in such a way that the net effect would not amount to an additional confining surface. One advantage over standard techniques is the reduced computational cost, particularly for large walls, since they can be kept rigid. Another advantage over accepted strategies is the opportunity to freeze complex charged walls such as ?-cristobalite. The method furthermore overcomes the problem with polar fluids such as water, as thermalized charged surfaces require higher spring constants to preserve structural stability, due to the effects of strong Coulomb interactions, thus inevitably degrading the thermostatting efficiency.
Solving the Nose-Hoover thermostat for Nuclear Pasta
M. Angeles Perez Garcia
2006-07-13T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we present a calculation of the hamiltonian variables solving the molecular dynamics equations of motion for a system of nuclear matter relevant to the description of nuclear pasta. The temperature is kept fixed by using the Nos\\'{e}-Hoover Thermostat and the interaction is modelled via a semiclassical potential depending on both positions and momenta.
The Self-Programming Thermostat: Optimizing Setback Schedules based on Home Occupancy Patterns
Whitehouse, Kamin
Introduction Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) is the largest energy consumer in the home- grammable thermostats can reduce the energy needed to heat and cool a home by 10-30% without reducingThe Self-Programming Thermostat: Optimizing Setback Schedules based on Home Occupancy Patterns Ge
POSITIVITY OF ENTROPY PRODUCTION IN THE PRESENCE OF A RANDOM THERMOSTAT.
Ruelle, David
#12;nitely. Physically, this heating up is prevented by coupling the system to a thermostat, or heat simpli#12;ed model of a system coupled with a heat bath will be described by a random dynamical system ! are to be discussed later). Thermostatic action of random forces. It is easy to understand qualitatively how a heat
A State-Queueing Model of Thermostatically Controlled Appliances
Lu, Ning; Chassin, David P.
2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper develops a new method to analyze the price response of aggregated loads consisting of thermostatically controlled appliances (TCAs). Assuming a perfectly diversified load before the price response, we show that TCA setpoint changes in response to the market price will result in a redistribution of TCAs in on/off states and therefore change the probabilities for a unit to reside in each state. A randomly distributed load can be partially synchronized and the aggregated diversity lost. The lost of the load diversity can then create unexpected dynamics in the aggregated load profile. Raising issues such as restoring load diversity and damping the peak loads are also addressed in the paper.
Napier, Terrence
PLACEMENT--ALL MAJORS EMPLOYMENT......................................................................................................... 4% PLACEMENT--ARTS AND SCIENCES EMPLOYMENT......................................................................................................... 4% PLACEMENT--BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS EMPLOYMENT
Napier, Terrence
placement--all majors Employment.............................................................................................................. 3% placement--arts and sciences Employment.............................................................................................................. 3% placement--business and economics Employment
Napier, Terrence
PLACEMENT--ALL MAJORS EMPLOYMENT......................................................................................................... 2% PLACEMENT--ARTS AND SCIENCES EMPLOYMENT......................................................................................................... 2% PLACEMENT--BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS EMPLOYMENT
Thermostat for non-equilibrium multiparticle collision dynamics simulations
Chien-Cheng Huang; Anoop Varghese; Gerhard Gompper; Roland G. Winkler
2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
Multiparticle collision dynamics (MPC), a particle-based mesoscale simulation technique for com- plex fluid, is widely employed in non-equilibrium simulations of soft matter systems. To maintain a defined thermodynamic state, thermalization of the fluid is often required for certain MPC variants. We investigate the influence of three thermostats on the non-equilibrium properties of a MPC fluid under shear or in Poiseuille flow. In all cases, the local velocities are scaled by a factor, which is either determined via a local simple scaling approach (LSS), a Monte Carlo-like procedure (MCS), or by the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of kinetic energy (MBS). We find that the various scal- ing schemes leave the flow profile unchanged and maintain the local temperature well. The fluid viscosities extracted from the various simulations are in close agreement. Moreover, the numerically determined viscosities are in remarkably good agreement with the respective theoretically predicted values. At equilibrium, the calculation of the dynamic structure factor reveals that the MBS method closely resembles an isothermal ensemble, whereas the MCS procedure exhibits signatures of an adi- abatic system at larger collision-time steps. Since the velocity distribution of the LSS approach is non-Gaussian, we recommend to apply the MBS thermostat, which has been shown to produce the correct velocity distribution even under non-equilibrium conditions.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water systems, installation of efficient lighting , improvements in generator...
u.s. DEPARTIvIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water systems. installation of efficient lighting, improvements in generator...
.s. DEPARTrvIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
not limited to: programmed lowering of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water systems, installation of efficient...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
not limited to: programmed lowering of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water systems. installation of efficient...
u.s. DEPARTI\\IENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
not limited to: programmed lowering of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water systems, installation of efficient...
Fluctuations relation and external thermostats: an application to granular materials
F. Bonetto; G. Gallavotti; A. Giuliani; F. Zamponi
2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
In this note we discuss a paradigmatic example of interacting particles subject to non conservative external forces and to the action of thermostats consisting of external (finite) reservoirs of particles. We then consider a model of granular materials of interest for experimental tests that had recently attracted lot of attentions. This model can be reduced to the previously discussed example under a number of assumptions, in particular that inelasticity due to internal collisions can be neglected for the purpose of measuring the large deviation functional for entropy production rate. We show that if the restitution coefficient in the granular material model is close to one, then the required assuptions are verified on a specific time scale and we predict a fluctuation relation for the entropy production rate measured on the same time scale.
A Study of the Pre-Programmed Thermostat Timer as a Load Control Device
Wallace, M. L.; Thedford, M.
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Monitoring equipment was installed on a residential air conditioning unit to test the effects of a pre-programmed thermostat timer. This was done to determine its effect on the utility's load shape for the purpose of avoiding peak generation...
Deterministic Time-Reversible Thermostats : Chaos, Ergodicity, and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
William Graham Hoover; Julien Clinton Sprott; Puneet Kumar Patra
2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
The relative stability and ergodicity of deterministic time-reversible thermostats, both singly and in coupled pairs, are assessed through their Lyapunov spectra. Five types of thermostat are coupled to one another through a single Hooke's-Law harmonic spring. The resulting dynamics shows that three specific thermostat types, Hoover-Holian, Ju-Bulgac, and Martyna-Klein-Tuckerman, have very similar Lyapunov spectra in their equilibrium four-dimensional phase spaces and when coupled in equilibrium or nonequilibrium pairs. All three of these oscillator-based thermostats are shown to be ergodic, with smooth analytic Gaussian distributions in their extended phase spaces ( coordinate, momentum, and two control variables ). Evidently these three ergodic and time-reversible thermostat types are particularly useful as statistical-mechanical thermometers and thermostats. Each of them generates Gibbs' universal canonical distribution internally as well as for systems to which they are coupled. Thus they obey the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, as a good heat bath should. They also provide dissipative heat flow with relatively small nonlinearity when two or more such bath temperatures interact and provide useful deterministic replacements for the stochastic Langevin equation.
California at Davis, University of
Why occupancy-responsive adaptive thermostats do not always save - and the limits for when thermostats do not guarantee energy savings. As a result, EPA ended EnergyStar certification of programmable, and adaptive control schemes have shown significant annual HVAC savings on the order of 10-20%. However
Dynamical consequences of a constraint on the Langevin thermostat in molecular cluster simulation
Stinson, Jake L.; Kathmann, Shawn M.; Ford, Ian J.
2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate some unusual behaviour observed while performing molecular dynamics simulations with the DL_POLY_4.03 code. Under the standard Langevin thermostat, atoms appear to be thermalised to different temperatures, depending on their mass and on the total number of particles in the system. We find that an imposed constraint whereby no thermal noise acts on the centre of mass of the system is the cause of the unexpected behaviour. This is demonstrated by solving the stochastic dynamics for the constrained thermostat and comparing the results with simulation data. The effect of the constraint can be considerable for small systems with disparate masses. By removing the constraint the Langevin thermostat may be restored to its intended behaviour and this has been implemented as an option in DL_POLY_4.05. SMK was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences.
Modeling Uncertainties in Aggregated Thermostatically Controlled Loads Using a State Queueing Model
Ning Lu; David P. Chassin; Steve E. Widergren
2004-09-19T23:59:59.000Z
To study the impacts of price responsive demand on the electric power system requires better load models. This paper discusses the modeling of uncertainties in aggregated thermostatically controlled loads using a state queueing (SQ) model. The cycling times of thermostatically controlled appliances (TCAs) vary with the TCA types and sizes, as well as the ambient temperatures. The random consumption of consumers, which shortens or prolongs a specific TCA cycling period, introduces another degree of uncertainty. By modifying the state transition matrix, these random factors can be taken into account in a discrete SQ model. The impacts of considering load diversity in the SQ model while simulating TCA setpoint response are also studied.
Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response
Zhang, Wei
Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response Wei Zhang, Jianming Lian, Chin-Yao Chang, Karanjit Kalsi and Yannan Sun Abstract-- Demand Response is playing population of appliances under demand response is especially important to evaluate the effec- tiveness
Thesis for the Degree of Licentiate of Philosophy Kac's Master Equation with a Gaussian Thermostat
Patriksson, Michael
, in addition to the random collisions, are accelerated by a uniform force #12;eld. The energy supplied is absorbed by a so called Gaussian thermostat, which keeps the total kinetic energy constant. We derive Classification: Primary 76P05, 82B40; Secondary 45K05, 60C05, 60Gxx, 70Fxx. #12; Contents 1 Introduction 1 1
POSITIVITY OF ENTROPY PRODUCTION IN THE PRESENCE OF A RANDOM THERMOSTAT.
by studying the role of a heat bath, and its idealization by random external forces. As discussed in [19], we is prevented by coupling the system to a thermostat, or heat bath. The energy changes are diluted in the large papers referred to in [19]. Random dynamics Our simplified model of a system coupled with a heat bath
Supervisor Thermostat Repairer (91964) 1 THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK
Rosen, Jay
of various types of thermostats and related equipment used for the control of heating, ventilation and air conditions systems: performs related work. Qualification Requirements 1. Open to each employee of all. - Prepares work schedules and work assignments. - Prepares job orders and requisitions for tools, equipment
Impacted material placement plans
Hickey, M.J.
1997-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
Impacted material placement plans (IMPP) are documents identifying the essential elements in placing remediation wastes into disposal facilities. Remediation wastes or impacted material(s) are those components used in the construction of the disposal facility exclusive of the liners and caps. The components might include soils, concrete, rubble, debris, and other regulatory approved materials. The IMPP provides the details necessary for interested parties to understand the management and construction practices at the disposal facility. The IMPP should identify the regulatory requirements from applicable DOE Orders, the ROD(s) (where a part of a CERCLA remedy), closure plans, or any other relevant agreements or regulations. Also, how the impacted material will be tracked should be described. Finally, detailed descriptions of what will be placed and how it will be placed should be included. The placement of impacted material into approved on-site disposal facilities (OSDF) is an integral part of gaining regulatory approval. To obtain this approval, a detailed plan (Impacted Material Placement Plan [IMPP]) was developed for the Fernald OSDF. The IMPP provides detailed information for the DOE, site generators, the stakeholders, regulatory community, and the construction subcontractor placing various types of impacted material within the disposal facility.
Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Water Heaters
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Ener-Gee Whiz would like to offer a hearty thanks to all of you who've written in for your great efficiency and renewables related questions. Now, on to some answers!
At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer? | Department
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:Whether you'reInc.:memo memorializes the meeting between AHAM and
Getting Ready to Set the Thermostat Low-And Keep it There! | Department
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaefer To: CongestionDevelopment of a downhole wireline toolDepartmentGetErinof
Question of the Week: At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - TProcuring SolarNo. 195 -PuebloEnergyWinter? |
Question of the Week: At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Site Environmental Reports Portsmouth| DepartmentQAReduction Scenarios |JulyQuarterly
Faculty of Engineering & Design Industrial Placements
Burton, Geoffrey R.
Faculty of Engineering & Design Industrial Placements A guide for industry #12;Industrial placements The Faculty of Engineering & Design has built close links with engineering companies through research, projects, placements and graduate employees. We know that working with industry ensures our
Optimal IDS Sensor Placement And Alert Prioritization Using Attack Graphs
Noel, Steven
1 Optimal IDS Sensor Placement And Alert Prioritization Using Attack Graphs Steven Noel and Sushil optimally place intrusion detection system (IDS) sensors and prioritize IDS alerts using attack graph. The set of all such paths through the network constitutes an attack graph, which we aggregate according
POLE PLACEMENT BY STATIC OUTPUT FEEDBACK FOR ...
SIAM (#1) 1035 2001 Apr 10 12:32:38
2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
topology) subset U of such systems, where the real pole placement map is not surjective. It follows that, for ... Key words. linear systems, static output control feedback, pole placement. AMS subject .... is an integral power of 2. In the opposite ...
Sanandaji, Borhan M.
(TCLs) such as air conditioners, heat pumps, water heaters, and refrigera- to&E, aggregate residential air conditioners for peak load shaving and emergency load management [6]. Because services such as frequency regulation or load-following. Residential Thermostatically Controlled Loads
Spcialisation et efficacit des intermdiaires du placement
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Janvier 2009 Spécialisation et efficacité des intermédiaires du placement Christian Bessy placement CHRISTIAN BESSY Christian.bessy@idhe.ens-cachan.fr IDHE - ENS Cachan GUILLEMETTE DE LARQUIER INTERMÉDIAIRES DU PLACEMENT Christian Bessy, Guillemette de Larquier RESUME Les changements en cours dans les
Postgraduate placements in: Computational Finance
Royal Holloway, University of London
) by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings in 2012. We were placed 1st in the UK and Europe, and 9, including in energy, transport, medicine and finance. #12;Guidance for employers Employers should. · Ensure that Health and Safety regulations are complied with during the placement, and organise
Job Placement Manual Human Resources
Habib, Ayman
Job Placement Manual Human Resources Fall 2001 for bargaining unit positions as per the Collective;- 1 - University of Calgary Job Family Definitions General The General job family encompasses, production, light construction, or facility maintenance. Positions in this job family often support a service
Hauser, John
The explosion of information and information technology has led many firms to evolve a dispersed product development process with people and organizations spread throughout the world. To
Hauser, John
The explosion of information and information technology has led many firms to evolve a dispersed product development process with people and organizations spread throughout the world. To coordinate such dispersed processes ...
Dettmann, Carl
, Niels Bohr Institute University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 17, DK2100 Copenhagen Ø, DANMARK Gaussian
On Market-Based Coordination of Thermostatically Controlled Loads With User Preference
Li, Sen; Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Kalsi, Karanjit
2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a market-based control framework to coordinate a group of autonomous Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCL) to achieve the system-level objectives with pricing incentives. The problem is formulated as maximizing the social welfare subject to feeder power constraint. It allows the coordinator to affect the aggregated power of a group of dynamical systems, and creates an interactive market where the users and the coordinator cooperatively determine the optimal energy allocation and energy price. The optimal pricing strategy is derived, which maximizes social welfare while respecting the feeder power constraint. The bidding strategy is also designed to compute the optimal price in real time (e.g., every 5 minutes) based on local device information. The coordination framework is validated with realistic simulations in GridLab-D. Extensive simulation results demonstrate that the proposed approach effectively maximizes the social welfare and decreases power congestion at key times.
Herter, Karen; Wayland, Seth; Rasin, Josh
2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
This report documents a field study of 78 small commercial customers in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District service territory who volunteered for an integrated energy-efficiency/demand-response (EE-DR) program in the summer of 2008. The original objective for the pilot was to provide a better understanding of demand response issues in the small commercial sector. Early findings justified a focus on offering small businesses (1) help with the energy efficiency of their buildings in exchange for occasional load shed, and (2) a portfolio of options to meet the needs of a diverse customer sector. To meet these expressed needs, the research pilot provided on-site energy efficiency advice and offered participants several program options, including the choice of either a dynamic rate or monthly payment for air-conditioning setpoint control. An analysis of hourly load data indicates that the offices and retail stores in our sample provided significant demand response, while the restaurants did not. Thermostat data provides further evidence that restaurants attempted to precool and reduce AC service during event hours, but were unable to because their air-conditioning units were undersized. On a 100 F reference day, load impacts of all participants during events averaged 14%, while load impacts of office and retail buildings (excluding restaurants) reached 20%. Overall, pilot participants including restaurants had 2007-2008 summer energy savings of 20% and bill savings of 30%. About 80% of participants said that the program met or surpassed their expectations, and three-quarters said they would probably or definitely participate again without the $120 participation incentive. These results provide evidence that energy efficiency programs, dynamic rates and load control programs can be used concurrently and effectively in the small business sector, and that communicating thermostats are a reliable tool for providing air-conditioning load shed and enhancing the ability of customers on dynamic rates to respond to intermittent price events.
Li, Tong; Gu, YuanTong, E-mail: yuantong.gu@qut.edu.au
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
As all-atom molecular dynamics method is limited by its enormous computational cost, various coarse-grained strategies have been developed to extend the length scale of soft matters in the modeling of mechanical behaviors. However, the classical thermostat algorithm in highly coarse-grained molecular dynamics method would underestimate the thermodynamic behaviors of soft matters (e.g. microfilaments in cells), which can weaken the ability of materials to overcome local energy traps in granular modeling. Based on all-atom molecular dynamics modeling of microfilament fragments (G-actin clusters), a new stochastic thermostat algorithm is developed to retain the representation of thermodynamic properties of microfilaments at extra coarse-grained level. The accuracy of this stochastic thermostat algorithm is validated by all-atom MD simulation. This new stochastic thermostat algorithm provides an efficient way to investigate the thermomechanical properties of large-scale soft matters.
Should Thermostatted Ring Polymer Molecular Dynamics be used to calculate reaction rates?
Hele, Timothy J H
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We apply Thermostatted Ring Polymer Molecular Dynamics (TRPMD), a recently-proposed approximate quantum dynamics method, to the computation of thermal reaction rates. Its short-time Transition-State Theory (TST) limit is identical to rigorous Quantum Transition-State Theory, and we find that its long-time limit is independent of the location of the dividing surface. TRPMD rate theory is then applied to one-dimensional model systems, the atom-diatom bimolecular reactions H+H$_2$, D+MuH and F+H$_2$, and the prototypical polyatomic reaction H+CH$_4$. Above the crossover temperature, the TRPMD rate is virtually invariant to the strength of the friction applied to the internal ring-polymer normal modes, and beneath the crossover temperature the TRPMD rate generally decreases with increasing friction, in agreement with the predictions of Kramers theory. We therefore find that TRPMD is less accurate than Ring Polymer Molecular Dynamics (RPMD) for symmetric reactions, and in certain asymmetric systems closer to the q...
Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response
Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Chang, Chin-Yao; Kalsi, Karanjit; Sun, Yannan
2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
Demand Response is playing an increasingly important role in smart grid control strategies. Modeling the behavior of populations of appliances under demand response is especially important to evaluate the effectiveness of these demand response programs. In this paper, an aggregated model is proposed for a class of Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs). The model efficiently includes statistical information of the population, systematically deals with heterogeneity, and accounts for a second-order effect necessary to accurately capture the transient dynamics in the collective response. However, an accurate characterization of the collective dynamics however requires the aggregate model to have a high state space dimension. Most of the existing model reduction techniques require the stability of the underlying system which does not hold for the proposed aggregated model. In this work, a novel model reduction approach is developed for the proposed aggregated model, which can significantly reduce its complexity with small performance loss. The original and the reducedorder aggregated models are validated against simulations of thousands of detailed building models using GridLAB-D, which is a realistic open source distribution simulation software. Index Terms – demand response, aggregated model, ancillary
Herter, Karen; Wayland, Seth; Rasin, Josh
2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
This report documents a field study of 78 small commercial customers in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District service territory who volunteered for an integrated energy-efficiency/demand-response (EE-DR) program in the summer of 2008. The original objective for the pilot was to provide a better understanding of demand response issues in the small commercial sector. Early findings justified a focus on offering small businesses (1) help with the energy efficiency of their buildings in exchange for occasional load shed, and (2) a portfolio of options to meet the needs of a diverse customer sector. To meet these expressed needs, the research pilot provided on-site energy efficiency advice and offered participants several program options, including the choice of either a dynamic rate or monthly payment for air-conditioning setpoint control. Overall results show that pilot participants had energy savings of 20%, and the potential for an additional 14% to 20% load drop during a 100 F demand response event. In addition to the efficiency-related bill savings, participants on the dynamic rate saved an estimated 5% on their energy costs compared to the standard rate. About 80% of participants said that the program met or surpassed their expectations, and three-quarters said they would probably or definitely participate again without the $120 participation incentive. These results provide evidence that energy efficiency programs, dynamic rates and load control programs can be used concurrently and effectively in the small business sector, and that communicating thermostats are a reliable tool for providing air-conditioning load shed and enhancing the ability of customers on dynamic rates to respond to intermittent price events.
Unification of Partitioning, Placement and Floorplanning Saurabh N. Adya
Markov, Igor
to solve the more general placement problem, which in- cludes cell placement, floorplanning, mixed-size placement and achi- eving routability. At every step of min-cut placement, either parti- tioning to 70% by 2005, and 90% by 2011. This growth is mostly fueled by chips for high-bandwidth communication
Approximation Algorithms for Constrained Relay Node Placement in Energy Harvesting Wireless
Misra, Satyajayant
Sensor Networks Satyajayant Misra, Member, IEEE, Nahid Ebrahimi Majd and Hong Huang, Member, IEEE Abstract--The constrained relay node placement problem in a wireless sensor network seeks the deployment of a minimum number of relay nodes (RNs) in a set of candidate locations in the network to satisfy specific
Node Placement for Connected Coverage in Sensor Networks Koushik Kar, Suman Banerjee
Boyer, Edmond
materials at ventilation points. The problem of providing coverage to a given region, or a given set--We address the problem of optimal node placement for ensuring connected coverage in sensor networks. We. Such a deployment mechanism is possible in friendly and accessible environments. We focus on the problem of optimal
Energy Aware Grid: Global Workload Placement based on Energy Efficiency
Simunic, Tajana
Energy Aware Grid: Global Workload Placement based on Energy Efficiency Chandrakant Patel, Ratnesh.graupner}@hp.com Grid Computing, energy- efficiency, workload placement, cooling, data center, utility computing a global utility infrastructure explicitly incorporating energy efficiency and thermal management among
Code of Practice on Placement Learning 1 Introduction
Davies, Christopher
that this Code of Practice is generic in nature as it is intended to cover all types of placement learning. Often1 Code of Practice on Placement Learning Contents 1 Introduction Coverage and scope What is placement learning? Contact details 2 2 2 3 2 Common principles 4 3 Minimum requirements, responsibilities
SUMMER PLACEMENT REPORT International Corporate Leadership Programme
Berzins, M.
SUMMER PLACEMENT REPORT International Corporate Leadership Programme Name: Faisal M. Khan Year lime product suitable for flue gas treatment. 2. Methods and Results Analytical Methods Used: Research:\\Faculty-of-Engineering\\Keyworth\\Projects\\ICLP\\Private\\2007\\Case Studies\\Faisal Khan - Singleton Birch.doc #12;Business Case: The potential market
Optimize Storage Placement in Sensor Networks
Li, Qun
of limited storage, communication capacity, and battery power is ameliorated. Placing storage nodesOptimize Storage Placement in Sensor Networks Bo Sheng, Member, IEEE, Qun Li, Member, IEEE, and Weizhen Mao Abstract--Data storage has become an important issue in sensor networks as a large amount
Multi-Criteria Sensor Placement for Emergency Response
Southworth, Frank [ORNL
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes an approach to locating a set of sensors to provide early warning of a dangerous chemical or biological agent release. The objective of the warning system is to minimize potential fatalities and any other health-related problems resulting from either an accidental release (such as a chemical spill) or from of a deliberate act of terrorism. The sensor placement solution is described as part of a broader simulation approach that considers the number of sensors available for deployment, the effect of weather conditions on the spread and concentration of the agent released, the speed at which appropriate emergency response actions can be taken to evacuate or shelter-in-place, and factors that make some release points more likely than others, such as the relative ease of site access or the presence of high priority or high impact targets within the at-risk area. Aerial photography and GIS also play important roles in the decision support environment described.
Gayme, Dennice
Optimal Placement of Energy Storage in the Grid Subhonmesh Bose, Dennice F. Gayme, Ufuk Topcu with these sources has led to a great deal of research into grid level energy storage [1], [2]. Several authors have studied the benefits of energy storage in both the conventional [3] and renewable energy settings [2], [4
Adding GPS-Control to Traditional Thermostats: An Exploration of Potential Energy Savings
their T settings when no one is home. Although per capita consumption of energy is much lower in other countries [1 sector is responsible for 21% of the total U.S energy consumption, and heating and cooling accounts consumption is expended on residential heating and cooling [2, 3]. Forty-nine percent of homes in the U
ESPC Task Order Schedules and Placement of Pricing Information...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
provides task order (TO) schedule descriptions and information on the placement of pricing for energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs). 54descriptionoftoschedulesj5....
Descriptions of Task Order Schedules and Placement of Pricing...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
10112007 ATTACHMENT J-5 DESCRIPTIONS OF TASK ORDER SCHEDULES AND PLACEMENT OF PRICING INFORMATION J-5.1 DESCRIPTIONS OF TASK ORDER (TO) SCHEDULES (SCHEDULE TEMPLATES...
Path Placement Optimization of Manipulators Based on Energy Consumption
Boyer, Edmond
utilisant la consommation Â´energÂ´etique comme crit`ere. Ce travail propose une mthodologie pour dÂ´es: Placement de trajectoires, Consommation Â´energÂ´etique, Optimisation, Manipu- lateur parall`eles. hal to perform a given operation more efficiently with respect to the energy consumed. The path placement problem
SSD-Optimized Workload Placement with Adaptive Learning and Classification in HPC Environments
Wan, Lipeng [ORNL; Lu, Zheng [The University of Tennessee; Cao, Qing [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Wang, Feiyi [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL; Settlemyer, Bradley W [ORNL
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In recent years, non-volatile memory devices such as SSD drives have emerged as a viable storage solution due to their increasing capacity and decreasing cost. Due to the unique capability and capacity requirements in large scale HPC (High Performance Computing) storage environment, a hybrid config- uration (SSD and HDD) may represent one of the most available and balanced solutions considering the cost and performance. Under this setting, effective data placement as well as movement with controlled overhead become a pressing challenge. In this paper, we propose an integrated object placement and movement framework and adaptive learning algorithms to address these issues. Specifically, we present a method that shuffle data objects across storage tiers to optimize the data access performance. The method also integrates an adaptive learning algorithm where real- time classification is employed to predict the popularity of data object accesses, so that they can be placed on, or migrate between SSD or HDD drives in the most efficient manner. We discuss preliminary results based on this approach using a simulator we developed to show that the proposed methods can dynamically adapt storage placements and access pattern as workloads evolve to achieve the best system level performance such as throughput.
Fluvial Placement of Radioactive Contaminants a Weldon Spring Case Study
Meier, J.
2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
The operation of the Weldon Spring Uranium Feed Materials Plant in St. Charles, MO between 1958 and 1966 resulted in the migration and emplacement of radioactive contaminants into surface water drainage systems. Multiple drainage systems, receiving from a variety of waste discharge points, combined to create unique and unexpected depositional environment. Discovery and investigation of the depositional environments was a significant technical challenge due to the complex nature of sediment movement and emplacement. The objective of this investigation was to show that application of the knowledge of geomorphic processes is an essential element of a complete stream characterization, pursuant to risk analysis and remediation. This paper sets out to describe many of the expected and unexpected findings of the investigations by the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP) into the placement and rework of contaminated sediments in stream systems. Information from this paper will be useful to other agencies and contractor personnel faced with the challenge of locating and quantifying contaminated sediments in seemingly haphazard fluvial depositional conditions.
Ligand placement based on prior structures: the guided ligand-replacement method
Klei, Herbert E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000 (United States); Moriarty, Nigel W., E-mail: nwmoriarty@lbl.gov; Echols, Nathaniel [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Terwilliger, Thomas C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545-0001 (United States); Baldwin, Eric T. [Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000 (United States); Natural Discovery LLC, Princeton, NJ 08542-0096 (United States); Pokross, Matt; Posy, Shana [Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000 (United States); Adams, Paul D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-1762 (United States)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A new module, Guided Ligand Replacement (GLR), has been developed in Phenix to increase the ease and success rate of ligand placement when prior protein-ligand complexes are available. The process of iterative structure-based drug design involves the X-ray crystal structure determination of upwards of 100 ligands with the same general scaffold (i.e. chemotype) complexed with very similar, if not identical, protein targets. In conjunction with insights from computational models and assays, this collection of crystal structures is analyzed to improve potency, to achieve better selectivity and to reduce liabilities such as absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicology. Current methods for modeling ligands into electron-density maps typically do not utilize information on how similar ligands bound in related structures. Even if the electron density is of sufficient quality and resolution to allow de novo placement, the process can take considerable time as the size, complexity and torsional degrees of freedom of the ligands increase. A new module, Guided Ligand Replacement (GLR), was developed in Phenix to increase the ease and success rate of ligand placement when prior protein–ligand complexes are available. At the heart of GLR is an algorithm based on graph theory that associates atoms in the target ligand with analogous atoms in the reference ligand. Based on this correspondence, a set of coordinates is generated for the target ligand. GLR is especially useful in two situations: (i) modeling a series of large, flexible, complicated or macrocyclic ligands in successive structures and (ii) modeling ligands as part of a refinement pipeline that can automatically select a reference structure. Even in those cases for which no reference structure is available, if there are multiple copies of the bound ligand per asymmetric unit GLR offers an efficient way to complete the model after the first ligand has been placed. In all of these applications, GLR leverages prior knowledge from earlier structures to facilitate ligand placement in the current structure.
Keystone XL I DRIVE A HYBRID CAR AND SET MY THERMOSTAT AT 80F IN THE WASHINGTON, DC, SUMMER. I USE
Wilson, Mark A.
on an income stream from Keystone XL revenues to support investment in renewable energy sources to secure our toward renewable energy. 10.1126/science.1251932 Marcia McNutt 815 EDITORIALCREDITS on the Keystone XL pipeline to transport crude oil from the tar sands deposits of Alberta, Canada, and from
Development of a fast neutron therapy beam placement film technique
Baron, Robert Layton
1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
by the fibro sarcoma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~ 31 32 39 40 Figure 10. This roentgenograph of subject OA276 shows the position of the Pb-covered stint used in skin-sparing experiments. 11. The head of Dog FOA276 shows good contrast between... was 9. 8 rads. 45 14. This screened placement film of Candy required only a 0. 88 rad dose on Kodak RP-14 film. 46 15. Dog FOA272 was the subject of this 0. 62 rad dose, CaWO screened placement film on Kodak RP-14 film. . . 47 4 16. This placement...
Educational placements for children who are ventilator assisted
Jones, David E.; Clatterburk, Chris C.; Marquis, Janet; Turnbull, H. Rutherford; Moberly, Rebecca L.
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. Educational placements for children who are ventilator assisted Jones, David E;Clatterbuck, Chris C;Marquis, Janet;Turnbull, H Rutherford, III...
Horizontal Well Placement Optimization in Gas Reservoirs Using Genetic Algorithms
Gibbs, Trevor Howard
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
of the genetic algorithm was analyzed through five different case scenarios, one involving a vertical well and four involving horizontal wells. The genetic algorithm approach is used to evaluate the effect of well placement in heterogeneous and anisotropic...
Scheduling and 2D placement heuristics for partially reconfigurable systems
Santambrogio, Marco Domenico
This paper proposes new scheduling and 2D placement heuristics for partially dynamically reconfigurable systems. One specific focus of this work is to deal with applications containing hundreds of tasks grouped in a few ...
3D Module Placement for Congestion and Power Noise Reduction
Lim, Sung Kyu
3D Module Placement for Congestion and Power Noise Reduction Jacob R. Minz School of ECE Georgia that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice
Thermostats | Department of Energy
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you wantJoin us for|Idahothe New Funding Constructs for
Thermostats | Department of Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:Whether you're a home builder1 of 12 Santiago Seage, CEOA digital
PMU Placement for Dynamic State Tracking of Power Systems
Sun, Yannan; Du, Pengwei; Huang, Zhenyu; Kalsi, Karanjit; Diao, Ruisheng; Anderson, Kevin K.; Li, Yulan; Lee, Barry
2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
Accurately tracking the state variables (rotor angle and speed) is a necessity for monitoring system stability conditions and assessing the risks of large-scale system collapse. This paper explores how the number and locations of PMUs installed in the system are determined to ensure satisfactory state tracking performance. A search algorithm is presented for determining PMU placement (location and quantity). The algorithm determines a placement that gives small tracking error in polynomial time. A modified, scalable algorithm is also presented. Observability in the presence of faults is considered. Simulation results for a 16-machine and a 50-machine system are provided.
Product Placement: Implicit Memory and Choice for Brands Placed in a Novel
Manzano, Isabel
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
on these two explicit memory measures, although more current research has begun using implicit memory tests to gauge product placement effectiveness. Recognition Research on recognition has yielded mixed results. Ong and Meri (1994) found no effect... that more than 77% of people remembered seeing Coke, a prominent placement, but only 18% recalled background placements, prompting the researchers to conclude that product placement was an ineffective advertising strategy (Ong & Meri, 1994). It has...
Costantino, Mary Marcelle [Oregon Health and Science University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, L-340 (United States); Barton, Robert [Oregon Health and Science University, Dotter Interventional Institute L-605 (United States); Slater, Matthew [Oregon Health and Science University, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, L-353 (United States); McAnulty, John H. [Legacy Clinic Northwest (United States); Keller, Frederick S. [Oregon Health and Science University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, L-605 (United States)], E-mail: kellerf@ohsu.edu
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
An inadvertent case of pericardial placement of a central venous catheter was successfully treated by direct thrombin injection.
ERDC/CHLTR-12-18 Dredged Material Placement Site Capacity
US Army Corps of Engineers
ERDC/CHLTR-12-18 Dredged Material Placement Site Capacity Analysis for Navigation Improvement. #12;ERDC/CHL TR-12-18 September 2012 Dredged Material Placement Site Capacity Analysis for Navigation of perfor- ming a dredged material placement (DMP) site capacity analysis for a Navigation Improvement
LINE-CONSTRAINED GEOMETRIC SERVER PLACEMENT Mugurel Ionu ANDREICA, Eliana-Dina TRA
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
LINE-CONSTRAINED GEOMETRIC SERVER PLACEMENT Mugurel Ionu ANDREICA, Eliana-Dina TÎRA Computer.andreica, eliana.tirsa}@cs.pub.ro Key words: server placement; geometric problems; K-center Abstract: In this paper we present new algorithmic solutions for several constrained geometric server placement problems. We
Erasmus Student Work Placement Offer in Spanish educational institutions in the Canary Islands
Robbiano, Lorenzo
Erasmus Student Work Placement Offer in Spanish educational institutions in the Canary Islands on the Regional Ministry of Education and Universities of the Canary Islands Government (Spain). Its objective Erasmus students on their placements. Placements available for Erasmus students In the Canary Islands
Relay Placement for Minimizing Congestion in Wireless Backbone Networks*
Shayman, Mark A.
Relay Placement for Minimizing Congestion in Wireless Backbone Networks* Abhishek Kashyap, Fangting Park MD 20742 Email: {kashyap, ftsun, shayman}@glue.umd.edu Abstract-- Wireless optical networks are being increasingly used in the backbone of hierarchical ad hoc networks. We consider the problem
The placement at Invitrogen was a great learning
Mottram, Nigel
placement with Babcock Marine at Faslane I participated in docking a nuclear submarine. I helped manoeuvre the vessel into an exact location using wire ropes and pulleys before seeing it raised clear of the water. My-Royce HQ. Various company tours included a trip to the engine test beds where I got to stand next
PLACEMENT OF OUTDOOR RECYCLING CONTAINERS AROUND UBC CAMPUS
PLACEMENT OF OUTDOOR RECYCLING CONTAINERS AROUND UBC CAMPUS UBC SEEDS Project by Iong, Sin I (Jace RECYCLING CONTAINERS ON UBC CAMPUS by Jace Iong 24 April, 2009 INTRODUCTION This SEEDS (Social, Ecological recycling containers on UBC-Vancouver campus. Initiated by David Smith, the associate director of municipal
OPI InternshIP FIeld Placement and lIcensure
Dratz, Edward A.
OPI InternshIP handbOOk FIeld Placement and lIcensure cOllege OF ehhd mOntana state unIversIty 247 Form 4. Planning Sheet 5. OPI Application These items can be found at http://www.montana.edu/fieldplacement/. Click the "OPI Internship" box. An intern must complete the program within three (3) years. If an intern
A Sensor Placement Approach for the Monitoring of Indoor Scenes
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
needed by research projects on energy management (ERGDOM [1]) and on the medical monitoringA Sensor Placement Approach for the Monitoring of Indoor Scenes Pierre David, Vincent Idasiak of a French project, which aims at developing a new human presence sensor, we intend to design a sensor system
Intelligent Sensor Placement for Hot Server Detection in Data Centers
Xing, Guoliang
thermal monitoring with accurate location information, the cooling systems often use unnecessarily low--Data centers, servers, sensor placement, thermal monitoring, computational fluid dynamics, power management Ç 1. In addition to improving cooling energy efficiency, accurate thermal monitoring is more critical
Attack Graphs for Sensor Placement, Alert Prioritization, and Attack Response
Noel, Steven
1 Attack Graphs for Sensor Placement, Alert Prioritization, and Attack Response Steven Noel of IDS alarms, using attack graph analysis. Our attack graphs predict the various possible ways and attacker exploits provides an attack graph showing all possible paths to critical assets. We then place IDS
AGRICULTURAL BMP PLACEMENT FOR COST-EFFECTIVE POLLUTION CONTROL
Coello, Carlos A. Coello
AGRICULTURAL BMP PLACEMENT FOR COST-EFFECTIVE POLLUTION CONTROL AT THE WATERSHED LEVEL Tamie Lynne-EFFECTIVE POLLUTION CONTROL AT THE WATERSHED LEVEL Tamie Lynne Veith Abstract The overall goal of this research was to increase, relative to targeting recommendations, the cost-effectiveness of pollution reduction measures
Towards Optimal Placement of Bio-Weapon Chris Kiekintveld
Ward, Karen
. Vice versa, our objective is to minimize the potential effect of a bio-weapon attack. CommentTowards Optimal Placement of Bio-Weapon Detectors Chris Kiekintveld Department of Computer Science, USA Email: lolerma@episd.edu Abstract--Biological weapons are difficult and expensive to detect
P\\procedure\\UAVP#20 EMERGENCY BLUE LIGHTS PLACEMENTS & MAINTENANCE
Fernandez, Eduardo
P\\procedure\\UAVP#20 TITLE: EMERGENCY BLUE LIGHTS PLACEMENTS & MAINTENANCE OBJECTIVE AND PURPOSE: To establish a policy for the installation of new emergency blue lights and the maintenance of existing emergency blue lights. Objective include: Provide adequate emergency blue lights throughout campus. Ensure
Aggregate Node Placements in Sensor Networks Weifa Liang
Liang, Weifa
help prolong the lifetime of a sensor network substantially. Therefore, energy efficient data gatherAggregate Node Placements in Sensor Networks Weifa Liang DCS ANU Canberra, Australia Guanjun Ma DCS into a region of interest to form a sensor network and building a routing tree for data gathering at the same
Module Placement for Fault-Tolerant Microfluidics-Based Biochips
Chakrabarty, Krishnendu
Module Placement for Fault-Tolerant Microfluidics-Based Biochips FEI SU and KRISHNENDU CHAKRABARTY Duke University Microfluidics-based biochips are soon expected to revolutionize clinical diagnosis, DNA sequencing, and other laboratory procedures involving molecular biology. Most microfluidic biochips today
Virtual Remote Center of Motion Control for Needle Placement Robots
Boyer, Edmond
mechanical design but also the need for calibration and registration of the robot to the medical imager priorVirtual Remote Center of Motion Control for Needle Placement Robots Emad M. Boctor, Robert J@jhu.edu, GaborF@jhu.edu http://cisstweb.cs.jhu.edu Abstract. Surgical robots, including those with remote center
Utilizing Wind: Optimal Wind Farm Placement in the United States
Powell, Warren B.
Utilizing Wind: Optimal Wind Farm Placement in the United States By: Yintao Sun Advisor: Professor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1.4.1 Carbon-based Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.4.2 Solar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 iv #12;CONTENTS v 3 Designing Wind Farm Portfolios 27 3.1 Applying Markowitz Portfolio Theory
Thermal Via Placement in 3D ICs Brent Goplen
Sapatnekar, Sachin
to these thermal conductivities in order to achieve a desired maximum temperature objective. Finite element, temperature, thermal gradient, placement, routing, finite element analysis, thermal via 1. INTRODUCTION cluster into parallel networks using the observation that heat transfer is much more efficient vertically
Bianchini, Ricardo
and chiller-less datacenters. Among other interesting results, we demonstrate that the intelligent placement
Integrating event detection system operation characteristics into sensor placement optimization.
Hart, William Eugene; McKenna, Sean Andrew; Phillips, Cynthia Ann; Murray, Regan Elizabeth (US Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH); Hart, David Blaine
2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the problem of placing sensors in a municipal water network when we can choose both the location of sensors and the sensitivity and specificity of the contamination warning system. Sensor stations in a municipal water distribution network continuously send sensor output information to a centralized computing facility, and event detection systems at the control center determine when to signal an anomaly worthy of response. Although most sensor placement research has assumed perfect anomaly detection, signal analysis software has parameters that control the tradeoff between false alarms and false negatives. We describe a nonlinear sensor placement formulation, which we heuristically optimize with a linear approximation that can be solved as a mixed-integer linear program. We report the results of initial experiments on a real network and discuss tradeoffs between early detection of contamination incidents, and control of false alarms.
Optimal Reservoir Management and Well Placement Under Geologic Uncertainty
Taware, Satyajit Vijay
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Akhil Datta-Gupta Michael King Committee Members, Ding Zhu Wolfgang Bangerth Head of Department, Dan Hill August 2012 Major Subject...: Petroleum Engineering iii ABSTRACT Optimal Reservoir Management and Well Placement Under Geologic Uncertainty. (August 2012) Satyajit Vijay Taware, B.E., Pune University, India; M.E., Pune University, India. Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr...
Discrete-Time ARMAv Model-Based Optimal Sensor Placement
Song Wei; Dyke, Shirley J. [Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States)
2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z
This paper concentrates on the optimal sensor placement problem in ambient vibration based structural health monitoring. More specifically, the paper examines the covariance of estimated parameters during system identification using auto-regressive and moving average vector (ARMAv) model. By utilizing the discrete-time steady state Kalman filter, this paper realizes the structure's finite element (FE) model under broad-band white noise excitations using an ARMAv model. Based on the asymptotic distribution of the parameter estimates of the ARMAv model, both a theoretical closed form and a numerical estimate form of the covariance of the estimates are obtained. Introducing the information entropy (differential entropy) measure, as well as various matrix norms, this paper attempts to find a reasonable measure to the uncertainties embedded in the ARMAv model estimates. Thus, it is possible to select the optimal sensor placement that would lead to the smallest uncertainties during the ARMAv identification process. Two numerical examples are provided to demonstrate the methodology and compare the sensor placement results upon various measures.
Pole placement design for linear multivariable control systems
Keel, Leehyun
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. 125 -49. 062 -98. 5 -167. 29 -344. 61 -95. 433 2762. 5 11526. 2 -27. 25 -118. 81 -226. 75 -472. 67 -990. 84 203. 04 7595. 5 1 -3. 25 3. 625 5, 5 -15. 343 176. 93 616. 64 968. 69 2894. 1 7066. 2 0 5 1 ~ 25 -3 ~ 75 -28. 25 -26. 906 -103. 09 -487. 61... consist of 1) the robust eigenstructure state feedback problem 2) the minimum norm state feedback problem and 3) the robust eigenstructure pole placement compensator problem. Numerical results are presented for each of these algorithms...
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF l!Nl!RGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
of thermostat sellings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, instailation of solar hot water systems, instailation of efficlentlighting, improvements in generator...
Placement of Digital Microfluidic Biochips Using the T-tree Formulation
Chang, Yao-Wen
Placement of Digital Microfluidic Biochips Using the T-tree Formulation Ping-Hung Yuh, chia@cc.ee.ntu.edu.tw ABSTRACT Droplet-based microfluidic biochips have recently gained much attention and are expected that adopts a topological representation to solve the placement problem of digital microfluidic biochips
Modeling transport of disposed dredged material from placement sites in Grays Harbor, WA
US Army Corps of Engineers
Modeling transport of disposed dredged material from placement sites in Grays Harbor, WA E- to mid- term dredge material management strategies for the Federal Navigation Project at Grays Harbor dredging quantities. However, the most heavily used dredged material placement sites lie in proximity
Initial Placement of BS Chemical Engineers, `00-01 Industry 55.9%
Haile, Sossina M.
Initial Placement of BS Chemical Engineers, `00-01 Industry 55.9% Other 1.8% Graduate.8% Initial placement of Chemical Engineering Graduates, Academic Year `00-'01, AIChE Career Services Department #12;Breakdown of Industrial Employment for BS Chemical Engineers Chemical 23.3% Fuels 15
Weyde, Tillman
, Civil Engineering with Industrial Placement Award BEng (Hons) School School of Engineering Engineers. The industrial placement lasts a year and occurs between Part 2 and Part 3 of the programme consulting engineers. You are encouraged to make site visits through the Open Door to Industry scheme. #12
P2P Storage Systems: Study of Different Placement Stephane Caron1
Bermond, Jean-Claude
P2P Storage Systems: Study of Different Placement Policies St´ephane Caron1 , Fr´ed´eric Giroire2 the impact of different placement policies of these fragments on the performance of storage systems. Several that preserve some degree of locality. We compare three policies: two of them are local, in which the data
Thermal-Aware Cell and Through-Silicon-Via Co-Placement for 3D ICs
Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"
that when the TSV area in each bin is proportional to the lumped power consumption in that bin, together implement a thermal- aware 3D placement tool. Compared to the methods that prefer a uniform powerThermal-Aware Cell and Through-Silicon-Via Co-Placement for 3D ICs Jason Cong, 1,2 Guojie Luo, 1
The phylogenetic placement of two enigmatic metazoan parasites: Polypodium hydriforme and Myxozoa
Evans, Nathaniel Michael
2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
supported, with some contention, a placement of these taxa within Cnidaria. Yet, current molecular data, in the form of 18S rDNA, has challenged this placement. Repeated phylogenetic analyses of 18S rDNA data alone have revealed myxozoans and Polypodium...
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
in various fields like planes, automotive, marine, sport and wind energy. This is a new fast growing market.3Improving Accuracy in Robotised Fibre Placement using Force and Visual Servoing External Hybrid, the company Coriolis Composites has developed an Automated Fibre Placement device already on the market
Kwak, Hyo-Sung; Han, Young-Min, E-mail: ymhan@chonbuk.ac.kr; Chung, Gyung-Ho [Chonbuk National University Medical School, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Yu, Hee Chul; Jeong, Yeon-Jun [Chonbuk National University Medical School, Department of Surgery (Korea, Republic of)
2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Isolated spontaneous dissection of the common iliac artery (CIA) is a rare entity. Two patients with this condition were successfully treated by percutaneous stent placement. We emphasize the feasibility of nonsurgical management by percutaneous stent placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the CIA.
Boyer, Edmond
of automated fiber placement named AFP. This system uses an industrial manipulator robot with six axes has developed a solution for Automated Fiber Placement. The robotic cell is made of a six DOF robotACMA 2014 Controlling the tape's gap in robotized fiber placement process using a visual servoing
Impact Of Standing Bleed Water On Saltstone Placement
Cozzi, A. D.; Pickenheim, B. R.
2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
The amount of water present during placement and subsequent curing of saltstone has the potential to impact several properties important for grout quality. An active drain water system can remove residual standing water and expose the surface of the placed saltstone to air. Oxidation of the saltstone may result in an increase in the leachability of redox sensitive elements. A dry surface can lead to cracking, causing an increase in hydraulic conductivity. An inactive drain water system can allow standing water that generates unnecessary hydrostatic head on the vault walls. Standing water that cannot be removed via the drain system will be available for potential incorporation into subsequent grout placements. The objective of this work is to study the impact of standing water on grout quality pertaining to disposal units. A series of saltstone mixes were prepared, and cured at ambient temperature to evaluate the impact of standing water on saltstone placement. The samples were managed to control drying effects on leachability by either exposing or capping the samples. The water to premix ratio was varied to represent a range of processing conditions. Samples were analyzed for density, leachability, and hydraulic conductivity. A monolith of each composition was cut into four sections to analyze the homogeneity of the sample with respect to vertical position within the sample. The density of each section was measured by two methods, helium pycnometry and by ASTM 642-06. The results show a trend of increasing density with increasing depth in the samples. This effect is more pronounced with the inclusion of excess bleed water and indicative of increased settling. The leachability of the eight different samples was analyzed by ANS/ANSI 16.1 method. These results indicate that drying of the saltstone during curing leads to decreased Leachability Indices (indicative of more release) for potassium, sodium, rhenium, nitrite, and nitrate. This may be caused by shrinkage cracking in the samples creating additional pathways for contaminant release. There was no noticeable effect on leachability by changing the water to premix ratio or by including excess bleed water. There was no detectable chromium release in any of the samples. Chromium and rhenium were added in equal amounts to determine whether rhenium might be an acceptable surrogate for chromium, a hazardous material. This testing shows no correlation between the behavior of the two elements, as chromium is not released at detectable levels and rhenium is released at a comparable rate to nitrate, the most prevalent and mobile species in saltstone.
Smart Thermostats in Residential Applications
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
a standard unit of measurement for efficiency of HVAC operation - essentially a rating system, like "miles per gallon" - that can be used to evaluate and compare services. We...
How people actually use thermostats
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Heating Systems. Applied Ergonomics, 40(2), 165- Shipworth,and Sensations. Applied Ergonomics, 12(1), 29-33. Boait, P.Timer/Programmer. Applied Ergonomics, 13(1), 15-23. Nelson,
How People Actually Use Thermostats
Meier, Alan
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
systems. Applied Ergonomics, 40(2), 165-174. Shipworth, M. ,and sensations. Applied Ergonomics, 12(1), 29-33. Boait, P.timer/programmer. Applied Ergonomics, 13(1), 15-23. Nelson,
How people actually use thermostats
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Heating Systems. Applied Ergonomics, 40(2), 165- Shipworth,and Sensations. Applied Ergonomics, 12(1), 29-33. Boait, P.Timer/Programmer. Applied Ergonomics, 13(1), 15-23. Nelson,
Thermostat Wars | Department of Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
It's "one climate fits all" thinking, which would be fine if every office had identical solar heat gain, ventilation, etc.-but they don't. The hot offices need the AC cranked up to...
How people actually use thermostats
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Survey (RECS) (Energy Information Administration (EIA),EIA) (2005). Residential Energy Consumption Survey:
How People Actually Use Thermostats
Meier, Alan
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Survey (RECS) (Energy Information Administration (EIA),EIA) (2005). Residential Energy Consumption Survey:
How people actually use thermostats
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Survey (RECS) (Energy Information Administration (EIA),EIA) (2005). Residential Energy Consumption Survey:
Programmable Thermostats | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergyInformation toPowerPrincetonProgram
Smart Thermostats in Residential Applications
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9MorganYou are here HomeSmart Grid Smart
Industrial Heat Pumps: Appropriate Placement and Sizing Using the Grand Composite
Ranade, S. M.; Hindmarsh, E.; Boland, D.
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Correct thermodynamic placement of heat pumps is a necessary condition for optimality. The most sophisticated equipment designs can do very little to improve the cost-effectiveness of inappropriately placed heat pumps. The practice of designing heat...
SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY INTERNSHIP AGREEMENT PART I: GENERAL CONDITIONS OF INTERNSHIP PLACEMENT
Hardy, Christopher R.
SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY INTERNSHIP AGREEMENT PART I: GENERAL CONDITIONS OF INTERNSHIP PLACEMENT for ____________________________________________ an Internship Experience in School Psychology during the period of _____________ to _______ covering a minimum psychologists. Minimum requirements for the intern are specified on the "Internship Activities Checklist
Ren, Yuan
2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
, for example, the design of sensor placement. Due to the complexity in engineering systems, the objective functions usually have multiple local optima and depend on a huge number of decision variables. These difficulties make many existing methods less...
Hoppers, Kevin Paul
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of stops was examined in this research. The relationship between the placement of detectors, volume levels and headway-timing strategies was also studied. Research was conducted with computer simulation, using both software-only and a hardware...
Rapid Evolutionary Placement of Short Sequence Reads (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)
Stamatakis, Alexis [Technical University of Munich
2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
Alexis Stamatakis of the Technical University of Munich gives a presentation on "Rapid Evolutionary Placement of Short Sequence Reads" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 26, 2010.
Stochastic Programming Approaches for the Placement of Gas Detectors in Process Facilities
Legg, Sean W
2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
that minimizes the expected detection time across all scenarios. An extension to this formulation is added that considers the overall coverage in a facility in order to improve the detector placement when enough scenarios may not be available. Additionally, a...
Pattern-placement-error detection for spatial-phase-locked e-beam lithography (SPLEBL)
Caramana, Cynthia L. (Cynthia Louise), 1978-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Spatial-phase-locked electron-beam lithography (SPLEBL) is a new paradigm for scanning electron-beam lithography (SEBL) that permits nanometer-level pattern placement accuracy. Unlike conventional SEBL systems which run ...
The effect of soil pH and placement on the bioactivity of sulfonamide herbicides
Miller, Raymond Charles
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
THE EFFECT OF SOIL PH AND PLACEMENT ON THE BIOACTIVITY OF SULFONAMIDE HERBICIDES A Thesis by RAYMOND CHARLES MILLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ALM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of May... 1987 Major Subject: Agronomy THE EFFECT OF SOIL PH AND PLACEMENT ON THE BIOACTIVITY OF SULFONAMIDE HERBICIDES A Thesis by RAYMOND CHARLES MILlER Approved as to style and content by: M. G. Merkle (Chairman of Committee) F. M. Hons (Member) R...
Industrial Heat Pumps: Appropriate Placement and Sizing Using the Grand Composite
Ranade, S. M.; Hindmarsh, E.; Boland, D.
INDUSTRIAL HEAT PUMPS: APPROPRIATE PLACEMENT AND SIZING USING THE GRAND COMPOSITE Saidas M.-Ranade. Eric Hindmarsh and David Boland TENSA Services, Houston, TX ABSTRACT Correct thermodynamic placement ofheat~umps is a necessary condition... for optimality. The most sophisticated equipment designs can do very little to improve the cost-effectiveness of inappropriately placed heat pumps. The practice of designing heat pumps to fit particular unit operations without regard to the thermodynamic...
PMU Placement for Enhancing Dynamic Observability of a Power Grid
Du, Pengwei; Huang, Zhenyu; Diao, Ruisheng; Lee, Barry; Anderson, Kevin K.
2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z
Power grids are operated in an increasingly complicated environment. However, operators lack effective and accurate tools for real-time monitoring and control of power systems. The U.S. Department of Energy, along with several utilities and system operators, is making a major $108 million investment in the Western Interconnection for phasor measurement unit (PMU) installation and phasor application development. This phasor measurement network opens up many opportunities for the estimation and prediction of power system states in real time, which enable operators to evaluate the system dynamic security in advance and allow them more time to respond to disturbances. Kalman filter based dynamic state estimation offers a solution suitable for this purpose. Our work indicates that the performance of Kalman filters in dynamic state estimation would degrade if PMU measurements cannot adequately capture the system dynamics. This paper develops a framework to identify how to place PMUs to improve dynamic observability of the power grid. Simulation results validate the concept, and the guidelines for PMU placement are derived.
Electrical utilities relay settings
HACHE, J.M.
1999-02-24T23:59:59.000Z
This document contains the Hanford transmission and distribution system relay settings that are under the control of Electrical Utilities.
Jeong-Yup Lee; Robert V. Moody
2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
A linear deformation of a Meyer set $M$ in $\\RR^d$ is the image of $M$ under a group homomorphism of the group $[M]$ generated by $M$ into $\\RR^d$. We provide a necessary and sufficient condition for such a deformation to be a Meyer set. In the case that the deformation is a Meyer set and the deformation is injective, the deformation is pure point diffractive if the orginal set $M$ is pure point diffractive.
Using Evolution Strategy with Meta-models for Well Placement Optimization
Bouzarkouna, Zyed; Auger, Anne
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Optimum implementation of non-conventional wells allows us to increase considerably hydrocarbon recovery. By considering the high drilling cost and the potential improvement in well productivity, well placement decision is an important issue in field development. Considering complex reservoir geology and high reservoir heterogeneities, stochastic optimization methods are the most suitable approaches for optimum well placement. This paper proposes an optimization methodology to determine optimal well location and trajectory based upon the Covariance Matrix Adaptation - Evolution Strategy (CMA-ES) which is a variant of Evolution Strategies recognized as one of the most powerful derivative-free optimizers for continuous optimization. To improve the optimization procedure, two new techniques are investigated: (1). Adaptive penalization with rejection is developed to handle well placement constraints. (2). A meta-model, based on locally weighted regression, is incorporated into CMA-ES using an approximate ranking ...
Recovery of floral and faunal communities after placement of dredged material on seagrasses characteristics and use by fishery and forage organisms were detectable at dredged material placement sites three years after dredging. Clovergrass Halophila engelmannii was the initial colonist, but shoalgrass
Stevenson, Mark
transformers used on the UK electricity network to heat buildings, in a bid to reduce the carbon footprintMEng Electrical Engineering student Mayure Daby is spending one year of his degree programme on placement working for National Grid. I applied for a placement at National Grid for various reasons
Lim, Sung Kyu
, California, USA. Copyright 2012 ACM 978-1-4503-1199-1/12/06 ...$10.00. Figure 1: Die-to-die heat coupling-aware placement (CA), that exploit the die-to-die thermal coupling in 3D ICs in force-directed temperature- awareExploiting Die-to-Die Thermal Coupling in 3D IC Placement Krit Athikulwongse, Mohit Pathak
Buehrer, R. Michael
FALL 2014 SPANISH PLACEMENT TEST Who needs it: All students wishing to take a Spanish class at VT for the first time must take the Spanish Placement Test to determine what class they need and to be force-added into that class. Students who have taken less than Spanish II in high school do not take the placement test
A placement model for matrix acidizing of vertically extensive, multilayer gas reservoirs
Nozaki, Manabu
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
................................................................................. 16 3. ACID PLACEMENT MODEL IN GAS WELLS .............................................. 17 3.1 Introduction .......................................................................................... 17 3.2 Wellbore Flow Model... .......................................................................... 18 3.2.1 Wellbore Material Balance........................................................ 18 3.2.2 Wellbore Pressure Drop ............................................................ 19 3.3 Reservoir Outflow Model...
Landmark Placement for Accurate Mobile Robot Maximilian Beinhofer Jorg Muller Wolfram Burgard
Teschner, Matthias
. Especially in industrial applications, a high degree of accuracy is required to avoid collisions and, e1 Landmark Placement for Accurate Mobile Robot Navigation Maximilian Beinhofer JÂ¨org M to navigate accurately is one of the basic capabilities a mobile robot needs to effectively execute a variety
Unified High-Level Synthesis and Module Placement for Defect-Tolerant Microfluidic Biochips*
Chakrabarty, Krishnendu
49.2 825 Unified High-Level Synthesis and Module Placement for Defect-Tolerant Microfluidic University, Durham, NC 27708, USA {fs, krish}@ee.duke.edu ABSTRACT Microfluidic biochips promise on the automated design of droplet-based microfluidic biochips. We present a synthesis methodology that unifies
A Novel Transmitter Placement Scheme based on Hierarchical Simplex Search for Indoor Wireless
, we propose an adaptive number adjustment algorithm (ANA) to speed up the search process, which adjusts the number of transmitters with variable step-sizes. A hierarchical simplex search algorithm (HSS1 A Novel Transmitter Placement Scheme based on Hierarchical Simplex Search for Indoor Wireless
Case Study of Undrained Strength Stability Analysis for Dredged Material Placement Areas
Case Study of Undrained Strength Stability Analysis for Dredged Material Placement Areas Timothy D perimeter dike at the Craney Island Dredged Material Management Area CIDMMA using an undrained strength of the effective overburden stress of the dredged material and the marine clay underlying the dike. An undrained
Settlement of Dredged and Contaminated Material Placement Areas. II: Primary Consolidation, Secondary Compression, and Desiccation of Dredged Fill Input Parameters Timothy D. Stark 1; Hangseok Choi2, Secondary Compression, and Desiccation of Dredged Fill), which is described in a companion paper
Demo: On the High Quality Sensor Placement for Structural Health Monitoring
Wang, Dan
Demo: On the High Quality Sensor Placement for Structural Health Monitoring Bo Li Dept. of Civil for structural health monitoring systems today. Existing studies on sensor systems from computer science associated with these techniques less useful. We consider the structural health monitoring (SHM) appli
SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY INTERNSHIP AGREEMENT PART I: GENERAL CONDITIONS OF INTERNSHIP PLACEMENT
Hardy, Christopher R.
8/27/2012 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY INTERNSHIP AGREEMENT PART I: GENERAL CONDITIONS OF INTERNSHIP PLACEMENT for ____________________________________________ an Internship Experience in School Psychology during the period of _____________ to _______ covering a minimum psychologists. Minimum requirements for the intern are specified on the "Internship Activities Checklist
THE IMPACT OF GENERATION MIX ON PLACEMENT OF STATIC VAR COMPENSATORS
THE IMPACT OF GENERATION MIX ON PLACEMENT OF STATIC VAR COMPENSATORS Robert H. Lasseter, Fellow to provide the maximum transfer capability for all possible generation mixes. The margin to low voltage limit bus system will be used to demonstrate this method over a wide range of generation patterns. Keywords
Data Storage Placement in Sensor Networks shengbo@cs.wm.edu
Mao, Weizhen
in cost, some special nodes with much larger permanent storage (e.g., flash memory) and more battery powerData Storage Placement in Sensor Networks Bo Sheng shengbo@cs.wm.edu Qun Li liqun@cs.wm.edu Weizhen-8795, USA ABSTRACT Data storage has become an important issue in sensor net- works as a large amount
Active vibration control of a fluid/plate system using a pole placement controller
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Active vibration control of a fluid/plate system using a pole placement controller Bogdan Robu reduction of the structural vibrations induced by the sloshing of large masses of fuel inside a partly full, published in "International Journal of Control 85, 6 (2012) 684-694" #12;Keywords Flexible system, fluid
Optimizing the Placement of Integration Points in Multi-hop Wireless Networks
Hunt, Galen
Optimizing the Placement of Integration Points in Multi-hop Wireless Networks Lili Qiu, Ranveer Chandra, Kamal Jain, and Mohammad Mahdian ABSTRACT Efficient integration of a multi-hop wireless network neighborhood networks and sensor networks. In a wireless neighborhood network, a few Internet Transit Access
Supply Voltage Degradation Aware Analytical Placement Andrew B. Kahng Bao Liu Qinke Wang
Liu, Bao
Supply Voltage Degradation Aware Analytical Placement Andrew B. Kahng Bao Liu Qinke Wang Computer@cs.ucsd.edu} Abstract Increasingly significant power/ground supply voltage degradation in nanometer VLSI designs leads to system per- formance degradation and even malfunction. Existing tech- niques focus on design
SENSOR PLACEMENT FOR MAXIMIZING LIFETIME PER UNIT COST IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
Chuah, Chen-Nee
SENSOR PLACEMENT FOR MAXIMIZING LIFETIME PER UNIT COST IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Yunxia Chen in a wireless sensor network (WSN). Analyzing the lifetime per unit cost of a linear WSN, we find that deploying of sensors deployed in the network, can be used to measure the utilization efficiency of sensors
Random vs. Deterministic Deployment of Sensors in the Presence of Failures and Placement Errors
Kumar, Santosh
Random vs. Deterministic Deployment of Sensors in the Presence of Failures and Placement Errors, and evaluation of various algorithms (e.g., sleep-wakeup), it has often been considered too expensive as compared to optimal deterministic deployment patterns when deploying sensors in real-life. Roughly speaking, a factor
Making Scheduling "Cool": Temperature-Aware Workload Placement in Data Centers
Chase, Jeffrey S.
,chase}@duke.edu Internet Systems and Storage Lab Hewlett Packard Labs {partha.ranganathan, ratnesh.sharma}@hp.com Abstract to address this problem, namely a systems-level so- lution to control the heat generation through temperature- aware workload placement. We first examine a theoretic thermodynamic formulation that uses information
Reducing Electricity Cost Through Virtual Machine Placement in High Performance Computing Clouds
.1 [Operating Systems]: Process Management General Terms Design, Performance Keywords Multi-data-center@cs.rutgers.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we first study the impact of load placement policies on cooling and maximum data center temperatures in cloud ser- vice providers that operate multiple geographically distributed data
Signal Prvcessing An AlgebraicMethod for Compensatingfor Coil-Placement Errors in Three-
MacLean, W. James
), and then expressing eye position as a function of coil position. The coil position vectors can be used to form a rigid coils used - the first employs a secondary coil in the front coil which is effectively woundSignal Prvcessing An AlgebraicMethod for Compensatingfor Coil-Placement Errors in Three
Amorphous Placement and Retrieval of Sensory Data in Sparse Mobile AdHoc Networks
a distributed repository of spatiotemporal sensory data. Prior research in which sensor networks are viewedAmorphous Placement and Retrieval of Sensory Data in Sparse Mobile AdHoc Networks HANY MORCOS AZER the least communication overhead (power). We show that the use of Data Centric Storage (DCS), or directed
Fast Reconfiguration of Data Placement in Parallel Disks Srinivas Kashyap and Samir Khuller
Khuller, Samir
Fast Reconfiguration of Data Placement in Parallel Disks Srinivas Kashyap and Samir Khuller. It is believed that more data will be created in the next five years than in the history of the world. Clearly we live in an era of data explosion. This data explosion neces- sitates the use of large storage systems
Amorphous Placement and Retrieval of Sensory Data in Sparse Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks
a distributed repository of spatiotemporal sensory data. Prior research in which sensor networks are viewedAmorphous Placement and Retrieval of Sensory Data in Sparse Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks HANY MORCOS AZER the least communication overhead (power). We show that the use of Data Centric Storage (DCS), or directed
Alpay, S. Pamir
Air Force Research Laboratory Placement: Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton OH Discipline(s): Materials science/engineering, chemical. Description: We are looking for a qualified candidate to join our team at the Air Force Research Laboratory
A Power-Driven Thermal Sensor Placement Algorithm for Dynamic Thermal Management
Tan, Sheldon X.-D.
of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 USA Abstract--On-chip physical thermalA Power-Driven Thermal Sensor Placement Algorithm for Dynamic Thermal Management Hai Wang, Sheldon sensors play a vital role for accurately estimating the full-chip thermal profile. How to place physical
Job Placement Rate*: 93% (December 2013) Major Admission Requirements: 2.75 cumulative Texas Tech
Westfall, Peter H.
Coopers Â· Texas Instruments Â· Valero Energy Â· USAA CAREERS Systems Development Â· Systems analysis Â· InformationJob Placement Rate*: 93% (December 2013) Major Admission Requirements: 2.75 cumulative Texas Tech to Production and Operations Management (FLP) in Spain *Dependent on market conditions and number of graduates
Placement of criticality alarms in the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Laboratory
Miller, L.F.; Weems, L.D.; Cao, Z. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)] [and others
1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The placement of criticality alarms at the Paducah plant has been studied. Four detectors placed in the halls of the first floor will provide double coverage of the first floor and single coverage of the basement, attic, and counting laboratory. Results from MCNP calculations also show that a detector placed in the hall adjacent to room 27 will cover the NDA laboratory.
Real-time MRI-Guided Needle Placement Robot with Integrated Fiber Optic Force Sensing
Camesano, Terri
the robot mechanism, controller design, optical modeling and opto-mechanical design of the force sensor. MRI Control Box Needle Driver Module Cartesian Stage Module Piezoelectric Actuators Robot Fig. 1. (LeftReal-time MRI-Guided Needle Placement Robot with Integrated Fiber Optic Force Sensing Hao Su
Florida ethics panel approves Gov. Scott's placement of assets into blind trust
Belogay, Eugene A.
Florida ethics panel approves Gov. Scott's placement of assets into blind trust By JOHN KENNEDY Palm Beach Post Staff Writer Updated: 1:46 p.m. Saturday, May 14, 2011 Posted: 6:13 p.m. Friday, May 13, 2011 The Florida Commission on Ethics unanimously approved Gov. Rick Scott's plan Friday to put his
Grid Monitoring: Bounds on Performances of Sensor Placement Algorithms Muhammad Uddin
Kavcic, Aleksandar
Grid Monitoring: Bounds on Performances of Sensor Placement Algorithms Muhammad Uddin Anthony Kuh measurement units (PMUs) in the power grid. Given noisy measurements and knowledge of the state correlation to capture the dynamics of the power grid [1]. With the advent of phasor technology, time synchronized
THE IMPACT OF GENERATION MIX ON PLACEMENT OF STATIC VAR COMPENSATORS
flexible and competitive. Due to the marketplace forces the generation mix could change day to dayTHE IMPACT OF GENERATION MIX ON PLACEMENT OF STATIC VAR COMPENSATORS Robert H. Lasseter, Fellow to provide maximum transfer capability for all possible generation mixes. The margin to low voltage limit
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
DATA SETS T est your technology with real data from RMOTC. RMOTC offers its non-proprietary data free of charge under certain terms and conditions. If you or your organization is...
Changpin Li; Weihua Deng
2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
In this Letter, we derive a sufficient condition of synchronizing limit sets (attractors and repellers) by using the linear feedback control technique proposed here. There examples are included. The numerical simulations and computer graphics show that our method work well.
Svozil, K. [Univ. of Technology, Vienna (Austria)
1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inasmuch as physical theories are formalizable, set theory provides a framework for theoretical physics. Four speculations about the relevance of set theoretical modeling for physics are presented: the role of transcendental set theory (i) in chaos theory, (ii) for paradoxical decompositions of solid three-dimensional objects, (iii) in the theory of effective computability (Church-Turing thesis) related to the possible {open_quotes}solution of supertasks,{close_quotes} and (iv) for weak solutions. Several approaches to set theory and their advantages and disadvantages for physical applications are discussed: Cantorian {open_quotes}naive{close_quotes} (i.e., nonaxiomatic) set theory, contructivism, and operationalism. In the author`s opinion, an attitude, of {open_quotes}suspended attention{close_quotes} (a term borrowed from psychoanalysis) seems most promising for progress. Physical and set theoretical entities must be operationalized wherever possible. At the same time, physicists should be open to {open_quotes}bizarre{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}mindboggling{close_quotes} new formalisms, which need not be operationalizable or testable at the time of their creation, but which may successfully lead to novel fields of phenomenology and technology.
Energy Efficiency Design Options for Residential Water Heaters: Economic Impacts on Consumers
Lekov, Alex
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
resistance storage water heater with tank and controls;tank size and thermostat set point of the water heater, and
Functional Answer Set Programming
Cabalar, Pedro
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we propose an extension of Answer Set Programming (ASP), and in particular, of its most general logical counterpart, Quantified Equilibrium Logic (QEL), to deal with partial functions. Although the treatment of equality in QEL can be established in different ways, we first analyse the choice of decidable equality with complete functions and Herbrand models, recently proposed in the literature. We argue that this choice yields some counterintuitive effects from a logic programming and knowledge representation point of view. We then propose a variant called QELF where the set of functions is partitioned into partial and Herbrand functions (we also call constructors). In the rest of the paper, we show a direct connection to Scott's Logic of Existence and present a practical application, proposing an extension of normal logic programs to deal with partial functions and equality, so that they can be translated into function-free normal programs, being possible in this way to compute their answer sets...
Logic and the set theory Lecture 19: The set theory
Choi, Suhyoung
Logic and the set theory Lecture 19: The set theory S. Choi Department of Mathematical Science KAIST, Daejeon, South Korea Fall semester, 2012 S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory November 20, 2012 1 / 24 #12;Introduction About this lecture Axioms of the set theory S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory
Seyidov, Murad
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
, the combination of delayed production response and large polymer amounts cause such projects to be less economically favorable than deep gel placement treatments. From results of several sensitivity runs, it can be concluded that plug size and oil viscosity...
Chryssostomidis, Chryssostomos
Sensor placement at the extrema of empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs) is efficient and leads to accurate reconstruction of the ocean state from a limited number of measurements. In this paper, we develop important new ...
Reshmeen, Silvia
2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z
ABSTRACT This thesis presents the results of an experimental study to determine the optimum placement and the thermal performance of a Phase Change Materials (PCMs) thermal shield incorporated into frame wall insulation systems for the purpose...
Wang, D.; Arens, E.; Webster, T.; Shi, M.
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study assesses the impact of sensor number and placement on the energy needed to condition a typical office using several likely variants of an underfloor air distribution system (UFAD). The study uses an empirical-based room stratification...
Ney, Emilie A.
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
: Chair of Committee, Jan Hughes Committee Members, Jeffrey Liew Blanca Quiroz Victor Willson Head of Department, Victor Willson August 2010 Major Subject: School Psychology iii ABSTRACT The Effects of Bilingual Placement and Middle...
Yoneda, Kenji, E-mail: yoneda_ken@rad.m.kanazawa-u.ac.jp; Matsui, Osamu; Sanada, Junichiro; Kusanagi, Miho [Kanazawa University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan); Okamoto, Yoshikazu; Kida, Shinya [Kanazawa University School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery (Japan)
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
In cases in which the subclavian artery is severely tortuous or branches with an extremely angulated origin, stent placement in the vertebrobasilar artery on the approach from the femoral artery is often technically difficult. We report two cases in which a stent placement procedure for the vertebrobasilar artery was successfully performed by grasping a guiding catheter with a loop-snare wire. This technique is useful for tortuous arteries or arteries branching with an extremely angulated origin.
Liu, Qinyan
2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
...................................................... 30 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Dimensional integrity is a major quality concern in many discrete-part manufacturing processes. In the automotive and aviation industries, for instance, dimensional problems contribute to about two... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2004 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering OPTIMAL COORDINATE SENSOR PLACEMENTS FOR ESTIMATING MEAN AND VARIANCE COMPONENTS OF VARIATION SOURCES A Thesis by QINYAN LIU...
Fleissner, William G.; Miller, Arnold W.
1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
from X is a separable normal nonmetrizable Moore space. Theorem 2. Each of the following statements implies the next. (a) Martin's Axiom plus the negation of the Continuum Hypothesis. (b) There are no ß limits in the partial order (ß(u),Q mod finite.... Assume that 2"1 = wherep = (pß: ß is a sequence of basic open sets from B and where f = wim each ry m something like P(A, X) above. In the extension, M[G], we...
Placement accuracy gauge for electrical components and method of using same
Biggs, P.M.; Dancer, L.K.; Yerganian, S.S.
1988-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
This patent describes a placement accuracy gauge for checking the accuracy of a machine which positions discrete electrical components on printed circuit boards wherein the machine utilizes a positioning head for releasably gripping the components, the machine effecting movement of the components and printed circuit boards relative to one another both orthogonally and rotationally; the placement accuracy gauge comprising: a substrate of transparent material having grid lines thereon and being dimensioned substantially the same as one of the printed circuit boards processed by the machine, the substrate having a surface divided into first, second and third regions; the grid lines in the first region being positioned in circle divided into segments with each segment having a line therethrough corresponding to a non-standard angle of machine rotation, the grid lines in each segment being parallel and perpendicular to the selected angle line; the second region including an array of grid lines arranged in target areas with each target area including two orthogonal grid loines and two diagonal grid lines with all grid lines intersecting at a common point, the second region further including an array of fiducial points recognizable by the machine; the third region having a plurality of grid lines arranged orthogonally with respect to one another in a rectangular area; whereby when the placement accuracy gauge is placed in the machine and components are placed within the grid areas and held thereto by a layer of adhesive.
Thin magnetic conductor substrate for placement-immune, electrically-small antennas.
Eubanks, Travis Wayne; McDonald, Jacob J.; Loui, Hung
2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
An antenna is considered to be placement-immune when the antenna operates effectively regardless of where it is placed. By building antennas on magnetic conductor materials, the radiated fields will be positively reinforced in the desired radiation direction instead of being negatively affected by the environment. Although this idea has been discussed thoroughly in theoretical research, the difficulty in building thin magnetic conductor materials necessary for in-phase field reflections prevents this technology from becoming more widespread. This project's purpose is to build and measure an electrically-small antenna on a new type of non-metallic, thin magnetic conductor. This problem has not been previously addressed because non-metallic, thin magnetic conductor materials have not yet been discovered. This work proposed the creation of an artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) with in-phase field reflections without using internal electric conductors, the placement of an electrically-small antenna on this magnetic conductor, and the development of a transmit-receive system that utilizes the substrate and electrically-small antenna. By not using internal electric conductors to create the AMC, the substrate thickness can be minimized. The electrically-small antenna will demonstrate the substrate's ability to make an antenna placement immune, and the transmit-receive system combines both the antenna and the substrate while adding a third layer of system complexity to demonstrate the complete idea.
Thomas Cokelaer
2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
Matched filtering is used to search for gravitational waves emitted by inspiralling compact binaries in data from the ground-based interferometers. One of the key aspects of the detection process is the design of a template bank that covers the astrophysically pertinent parameter space. In an earlier paper, we described a template bank that is based on a square lattice. Although robust, we showed that the square placement is over-efficient, with the implication that it is computationally more demanding than required. In this paper, we present a template bank based on an hexagonal lattice, which size is reduced by 40% with respect to the proposed square placement. We describe the practical aspects of the hexagonal template bank implementation, its size, and computational cost. We have also performed exhaustive simulations to characterize its efficiency and safeness. We show that the bank is adequate to search for a wide variety of binary systems (primordial black holes, neutron stars and stellar mass black holes) and in data from both current detectors (initial LIGO, Virgo and GEO600) as well as future detectors (advanced LIGO and EGO). Remarkably, although our template bank placement uses a metric arising from a particular template family, namely stationary phase approximation, we show that it can be used successfully with other template families (e.g., Pade resummation and effective one-body approximation). This quality of being effective for different template families makes the proposed bank suitable for a search that would use several of them in parallel (e.g., in a binary black hole search). The hexagonal template bank described in this paper is currently used to search for non-spinning inspiralling compact binaries in data from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO).
Endovascular Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion With Kissing Stent Placement
Idoguchi, Koji, E-mail: idoguchi@ares.eonet.ne.jp; Yamaguchi, Masato; Okada, Takuya [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Nomura, Yoshikatsu [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimura, Kazuro [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Okita, Yutaka [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimoto, Koji [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan)
2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Blunt traumatic abdominal aortic dissection is extremely rare and potentially deadly. We present the case of a 62-year-old man involved in a frontal car crash. After emergency undergoing laparotomy for bowel injuries, he was referred to our hospital due to acute ischemia of bilateral lower extremities on day 3 after the trauma. Computed tomography and aortography showed an aortobiiliac dissection with complete occlusion. This injury was successfully treated by endovascular treatment with 'kissing'-technique stent placement, which appears to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment.
Wang, J.C.; Chiang, H.D.; Miu, K.N. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Electrical Engineering; Darling, G. [NYSEG Corp., Binghamton, NY (United States). Distribution System Dept.
1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
A novel solution algorithm for capacitor placement and real-time control in real large-scale unbalanced distribution systems is evaluated and implemented to determine the number, locations, sizes, types and control schemes of capacitors to be placed on large-scale unbalanced distribution systems. A detailed numerical study regarding the solution algorithm in large scale unbalanced distribution systems is undertaken. Promising numerical results on both 292 bus and 394 bus real unbalanced distribution systems containing unbalanced loads and phasing and various types of transformers are presented. The computational performance for the capacitor control problem under load variations is encouraging.
Special set linear algebra and special set fuzzy linear algebra
W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral
2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z
The authors in this book introduce the notion of special set linear algebra and special set fuzzy Linear algebra, which is an extension of the notion set linear algebra and set fuzzy linear algebra. These concepts are best suited in the application of multi expert models and cryptology. This book has five chapters. In chapter one the basic concepts about set linear algebra is given in order to make this book a self contained one. The notion of special set linear algebra and their fuzzy analogue is introduced in chapter two. In chapter three the notion of special set semigroup linear algebra is introduced. The concept of special set n-vector spaces, n greater than or equal to three is defined and their fuzzy analogue is their fuzzy analogue is given in chapter four. The probable applications are also mentioned. The final chapter suggests 66 problems.
Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey
Meier, Alan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
With the deployment of smart meters in California andappliances, gateways, HEDs, smart meters, etc. using varioususe of electricity. Smart Meter ( Interval Meter): A Smart
Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey
Meier, Alan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and sensations. Applied Ergonomics, 12(1), 29-33. Boait, P.systems. Applied Ergonomics, 40(2), 165-174. Shipworth, M. ,timer/programmer. Applied Ergonomics, 13(1), 15-23. National
Demand response-enabled residential thermostat controls.
Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.; Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
human dimension of demand response technology from a caseArens, E. , et al. 2008. Demand Response Enabling TechnologyArens, E. , et al. 2006. Demand Response Enabling Technology
Hamiltonian Thermostats Fail to Promote Heat Flow
Wm. G. Hoover; Carol G. Hoover
2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
Hamiltonian mechanics can be used to constrain temperature simultaneously with energy. We illustrate the interesting situations that develop when two different temperatures are imposed within a composite Hamiltonian system. The model systems we treat are "phi-4" chains, with quartic tethers and quadratic nearest-neighbor Hooke's-law interactions. This model is known to satisfy Fourier's law. Our prototypical problem sandwiches a Newtonian subsystem between hot and cold Hamiltonian reservoir regions. We have characterized four different Hamiltonian reservoir types. There is no tendency for any of these two-temperature Hamiltonian simulations to transfer heat from the hot to the cold degrees of freedom. Evidently steady heat flow simulations require energy sources and sinks, and are therefore incompatible with Hamiltonian mechanics.
RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES
Meier, Alan K.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
heating, cooling and ventilating controls are more sophisticated than commonly available in North America 29 . Remote
MODELING AND CONTROL OF THERMOSTATICALLY CONTROLLED LOADS
Hiskens, Ian A.
controlled loads (TCLs) has demonstrated that such load following is feasible, but analyt- ical models) is well matched to the role of load following. Re- search into the behavior of TCLs began with the work was then employed in a minimum variance control law to demonstrate the load following capability of a population
Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey
Meier, Alan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
market conditions or periods of critical peak demand. Since residential energy consumption is dominated by HVAC
Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey
Meier, Alan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
house: Smart Phone applications USB port for setup U-Snap™ port Plug-N-Go Networking ™ POWER SUPPLY Battery
Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey
Meier, Alan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Remote control Control; controlling Feedback control Temperature control Measure humidity Upper limit of temperature Lower limit of temperature Cooling
A persuasive GPS-controlled thermostat system
Gupta, Manu, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using 10 weeks of data from a couple living in an instrumented home, we report on the potential of context-aware power management for energy saving. We identify an opportunity to save on heating and cooling using a system ...
RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES
Meier, Alan K.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Report on Applicability of Residential Ventilation StandardsCharacterization of Residential New Construction PracticesJ - Load Calculation for Residential Winter and Summer Air
Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey
Meier, Alan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Administration (EIA), 2005) No national survey is yetSurvey, from http://www.gotoemerson.com Energy Information Administration (EIA) (Survey: Preliminary Housing Characteristics Tables, 2009 Energy Information Administration (EIA) (
RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES
Meier, Alan K.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the effectiveness of home heating controls in the UK 60 . Itmobile phones to the home’s heating and cooling system sothe home and track time of operation for heating and cooling
Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey
Meier, Alan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Some Recent Research into Home Heating. Journal of ConsumerLiving in cold homes after heating improvements: Evidencehome: A comparative study of support aids for central heating
RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES
Meier, Alan K.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
today: Johnson and Honeywell. In terms of regulating theHeat Regulator Co. ) eventually became Honeywell. Butz’1885 Furnace regulator In 1906 Honeywell produced the first
RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES
Meier, Alan K.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
on boilers, hot water, district heating, spot heating, andwood to charcoal to district heating. www.tecsoc.org/pubs/pellets) or via district heating systems. Air conditioning
RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES
Meier, Alan K.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and Demand Response in Commercial Buildings, Californiain peak building load (a key concern for Demand ResponseBuilding Energy Code Requirements: Title 24 .. 30 Demand Response..
RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES
Meier, Alan K.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Measures on Residential Air Conditioner Loads. Proc. ACEEEDeterminants of Central Air Conditioner Duty Cycles. Proc.at the number of air conditioners that might actually
Tips: Programmable Thermostats | Department of Energy
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Opower Thermostat App | Open Energy Information
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Tips: Programmable Thermostats | Department of Energy
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartmentTest for PumpingThe| Department ofAir DuctsTips:
Set Linear Algebra and Set Fuzzy Linear Algebra
W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral
2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z
In this book, the authors define the new notion of set vector spaces which is the most generalized form of vector spaces. Set vector spaces make use of the least number of algebraic operations, therefore, even a non-mathematician is comfortable working with it. It is with the passage of time, that we can think of set linear algebras as a paradigm shift from linear algebras. Here, the authors have also given the fuzzy parallels of these new classes of set linear algebras. This book is divided into seven chapters. The first chapter briefly recalls some of the basic concepts in order to make this book self-contained. Chapter two introduces the notion of set vector spaces which is the most generalized concept of vector spaces. Set vector spaces lends itself to define new classes of vector spaces like semigroup vector spaces and group vector spaces. These are also generalization of vector spaces. The fuzzy analogue of these concepts are given in Chapter three. In Chapter four, set vector spaces are generalized to biset bivector spaces and not set vector spaces. This is done taking into account the advanced information technology age in which we live. As mathematicians, we have to realize that our computer-dominated world needs special types of sets and algebraic structures. Set n-vector spaces and their generalizations are carried out in Chapter five. Fuzzy n-set vector spaces are introduced in the sixth chapter. The seventh chapter suggests more than three hundred problems.
Nadkarni, Sanjay; Macdonald, Sumaira; Cleveland, Trevor J.; Gaines, Peter A. [Sheffield Vascular Institute, Firth 4, Northern General Hospital, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU (United Kingdom)
2002-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
A retrievable Guenther Tulip caval filter(William Cook, Europe) was successfully placed and retrieved in the superior vena cava for upper extremity deep venous thrombosis in a 56-year-old woman. Bilateral subclavian and internal jugular venous thromboses thought secondary to placement of multiple central venous catheters were present. There have been reports of the use of permanent Greenfield filters and a single case report of a temporary filter in the superior vena cava. As far as we are aware this is the first reported placement and successful retrieval of a filter in these circumstances.
Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"
is proportional to the lumped power consumption of that bin and the bins in all tiers directly above it, the peak, APRIL 2013 An Analytical Placement Framework for 3-D ICs and Its Extension on Thermal Awareness Guojie. Furthermore, we extend this analytical 3-D placement framework with thermal awareness. While 2-D thermal
Energy Evaluation and Management in the Industrial Setting
Morketter, R. C.
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
yourself in some scenarios I'm going to present. But then I'm going to make you feel good again, because I'm going to outl ine an approach that is guaranteed to transform you and your energy management program into a bird of quite a different Michigan... management following Betty's easy-to-use recipes: check all steam traps, remove two lamps from every four-lamp fixture, repair leaky faucets, add insulation over the ceiling, turn thermostats down in winter, up in summer. Betty Crocker is really just a...
Elemer E Rosinger
2010-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
What makes sets, or more precisely, the category {\\bf Set} important in Mathematics are the well known {\\it two} specific ways in which arbitrary mappings $f : X \\longrightarrow Y$ between any two sets $X, Y$ can {\\it fail} to be bijections. Namely, they can fail to be injective, and/or to be surjective. As for bijective mappings they are rather trivial, since with some relabeling of their domains or ranges, they simply become permutations, or even identity mappings. \\\\ To the above, one may add the {\\it third} property of sets, namely that, between any two nonvoid sets there exist mappings. \\\\ These three properties turn out to be at the root of much of the interest which the category {\\bf Set} has in Mathematics. Specifically, these properties create a certain {\\it dynamics}, or for that matter, lack of it, on the level of the category {\\bf Set} and of some of its subcategories.
Paul, P.; Bhattacharyya, D.; Turton, R.; Zitney, S.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Future integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants with CO{sub 2} capture will face stricter operational and environmental constraints. Accurate values of relevant states/outputs/disturbances are needed to satisfy these constraints and to maximize the operational efficiency. Unfortunately, a number of these process variables cannot be measured while a number of them can be measured, but have low precision, reliability, or signal-to-noise ratio. In this work, a sensor placement (SP) algorithm is developed for optimal selection of sensor location, number, and type that can maximize the plant efficiency and result in a desired precision of the relevant measured/unmeasured states. In this work, an SP algorithm is developed for an selective, dual-stage Selexol-based acid gas removal (AGR) unit for an IGCC plant with pre-combustion CO{sub 2} capture. A comprehensive nonlinear dynamic model of the AGR unit is developed in Aspen Plus Dynamics® (APD) and used to generate a linear state-space model that is used in the SP algorithm. The SP algorithm is developed with the assumption that an optimal Kalman filter will be implemented in the plant for state and disturbance estimation. The algorithm is developed assuming steady-state Kalman filtering and steady-state operation of the plant. The control system is considered to operate based on the estimated states and thereby, captures the effects of the SP algorithm on the overall plant efficiency. The optimization problem is solved by Genetic Algorithm (GA) considering both linear and nonlinear equality and inequality constraints. Due to the very large number of candidate sets available for sensor placement and because of the long time that it takes to solve the constrained optimization problem that includes more than 1000 states, solution of this problem is computationally expensive. For reducing the computation time, parallel computing is performed using the Distributed Computing Server (DCS®) and the Parallel Computing® toolbox from Mathworks®. In this presentation, we will share our experience in setting up parallel computing using GA in the MATLAB® environment and present the overall approach for achieving higher computational efficiency in this framework.
Paul, P.; Bhattacharyya, D.; Turton, R.; Zitney, S.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Future integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants with CO{sub 2} capture will face stricter operational and environmental constraints. Accurate values of relevant states/outputs/disturbances are needed to satisfy these constraints and to maximize the operational efficiency. Unfortunately, a number of these process variables cannot be measured while a number of them can be measured, but have low precision, reliability, or signal-to-noise ratio. In this work, a sensor placement (SP) algorithm is developed for optimal selection of sensor location, number, and type that can maximize the plant efficiency and result in a desired precision of the relevant measured/unmeasured states. In this work, an SP algorithm is developed for an selective, dual-stage Selexol-based acid gas removal (AGR) unit for an IGCC plant with pre-combustion CO{sub 2} capture. A comprehensive nonlinear dynamic model of the AGR unit is developed in Aspen Plus Dynamics® (APD) and used to generate a linear state-space model that is used in the SP algorithm. The SP algorithm is developed with the assumption that an optimal Kalman filter will be implemented in the plant for state and disturbance estimation. The algorithm is developed assuming steady-state Kalman filtering and steady-state operation of the plant. The control system is considered to operate based on the estimated states and thereby, captures the effects of the SP algorithm on the overall plant efficiency. The optimization problem is solved by Genetic Algorithm (GA) considering both linear and nonlinear equality and inequality constraints. Due to the very large number of candidate sets available for sensor placement and because of the long time that it takes to solve the constrained optimization problem that includes more than 1000 states, solution of this problem is computationally expensive. For reducing the computation time, parallel computing is performed using the Distributed Computing Server (DCS®) and the Parallel Computing® toolbox from Mathworks®. In this presentation, we will share our experience in setting up parallel computing using GA in the MATLAB® environment and present the overall approach for achieving higher computational efficiency in this framework.
Wei, G.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D.; Liu, M.
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
space area. Room temperatures are controlled by pneumatic thermostats. The AHU has a minimum outside air damper and a maximum outside air damper. The minimum outside air damper is fully open when the AHU is in operation. The maximum outside air... of thermostat, and the relationship between room temperature set point and return air temperature. The Role Of Thermostat Traditional pneumatic thermostat is a proportional (P) type controller. It senses the space temperature changes and produces...
Methods for Detector Placement and Analysis of Criticality Accident Alarm Systems
Peplow, Douglas E. [ORNL] [ORNL; Wetzel, Larry [Babcock & Wilcox Nuclear Operations Group Inc.] [Babcock & Wilcox Nuclear Operations Group Inc.
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Determining the optimum placement to minimize the number of detectors for a criticality accident alarm system (CAAS) in a large manufacturing facility is a complex problem. There is typically a target for the number of detectors that can be used over a given zone of the facility. A study to optimize detector placement typically begins with some initial guess at the placement of the detectors and is followed by either predictive calculations of accidents at specific locations or adjoint calculations based on preferred detector locations. Within an area of a facility, there may be a large number of potential criticality accident sites. For any given placement of the detectors, the list of accident sites can be reduced to a smaller number of locations at which accidents may be difficult for detectors to detect. Developing the initial detector placement and determining the list of difficult accident locations are both based on the practitioner's experience. Simulations following fission particles released from an accident location are called 'forward calculations.' These calculations can be used to answer the question 'where would an alarm be triggered?' by an accident at a specified location. Conversely, 'adjoint calculations' start at a detector site using the detector response function as a source and essentially run in reverse. These calculations can be used to answer the question 'where would an accident be detected?' by a specified detector location. If the number of accidents, P, is much less than the number of detectors, Q, then forward simulations may be more convenient and less time-consuming. If Q is large or the detectors are not placed yet, then a mesh tally of dose observed by a detector at any location must be computed over the entire zone. If Q is much less than P, then adjoint calculations may be more efficient. Adjoint calculations employing a mesh tally can be even more advantageous because they do not rely on a list of specific difficult-to-detect accident sites, which may not have included every possible accident location. Analog calculations (no biasing) simply follow particles naturally. For sparse buildings and line-of-sight calculations, analog Monte Carlo (MC) may be adequate. For buildings with internal walls or large amounts of heavy equipment (dense geometry), variance reduction may be required. Calculations employing the CADIS method use a deterministic calculation to create an importance map and a matching biased source distribution that optimize the final MC to quickly calculate one specific tally. Calculations employing the FW-CADIS method use two deterministic calculations (one forward and one adjoint) to create an importance map and a matching biased source distribution that are designed to make the MC calculate a mesh tally with more uniform uncertainties in both high-dose and low-dose areas. Depending on the geometry of the problem, the number of detectors, and the number of accident sites, different approaches to CAAS placement studies can be taken. These are summarized in Table I. SCALE 6.1 contains the MAVRIC sequence, which can be used to perform any of the forward-based approaches outlined in Table I. For analog calculations, MAVRIC simply calls the Monaco MC code. For CADIS and FW-CADIS, MAVRIC uses the Denovo discrete ordinates (SN) deterministic code to generate the importance map and biased source used by Monaco. An adjoint capability is currently being added to Monaco and should be available in the next release of SCALE. An adjoint-based approach could be performed with Denovo alone - although fine meshes, large amounts of memory, and long computation times may be required to obtain accurate solutions. Coarse-mesh SN simulations could be employed for adjoint-based scoping studies until the adjoint capability in Monaco is complete. CAAS placement studies, especially those dealing with mesh tallies, require some extra utilities to aid in the analysis. Detectors must receive a minimum dose rate in order to alarm; therefore, a simple yes/no plot could be more useful to the analyst t
Impact Of Standing Water On Saltstone Placement II - Hydraulic Conductivity Data
Cozzi, A. D.; Pickenheim, B. R.
2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z
The amount of water present during placement and subsequent curing of saltstone has the potential to impact several properties important for grout quality. An active drain water system can remove residual standing water and expose the surface of the placed saltstone to air. Oxidation of the saltstone may result in an increase in the leachability of redox sensitive elements. A dry surface can lead to cracking, causing an increase in hydraulic conductivity. An inactive drain water system can allow standing water that generates unnecessary hydrostatic head on the vault walls. Standing water that cannot be removed via the drain system will be available for potential incorporation into subsequent grout placements. The objective of this work is to study the impact of standing water on grout quality pertaining to disposal units. A series of saltstone mixes was prepared and cured at ambient temperature to evaluate the impact of standing water on saltstone placement. The samples were managed to control drying effects on leachability by either exposing or capping the samples. The water to premix ratio was varied to represent a range of processing conditions. Samples were analyzed for density, leachability, and hydraulic conductivity. Report SRNL-STI-2012-00546 was issued detailing the experimental procedure, results, and conclusions related to density and leachability. In the previous report, it was concluded that: density tends to increase toward the bottom of the samples. This effect is pronounced with excess bleed water; drying of the saltstone during curing leads to decreased Leachability Index (more leaching) for potassium, sodium, rhenium, nitrite, and nitrate; there is no noticeable effect on saltstone oxidation/leachability by changing the water to premix ratio (over the range studied), or by pouring into standing water (when tested up to 10 volume percent). The hydraulic conductivity data presented in this report show that samples cured exposed to the atmosphere had about three orders of magnitude higher hydraulic conductivity than any of the other samples. Considering these data, along with the results presented in the previous report, leads to the conclusion that small changes in water to premix ratio and the inclusion of up to 10 volume percent standing water should not be expected to have a detrimental effect on saltstone grout quality. The hydraulic conductivity results further demonstrate that curing in a moist environment is critical to maintaining saltstone quality.
Seyidov, Murad
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
that placement of a DDG in a high permeability zone provided a blockage that diverted water into lower permeability areas, thus increasing the sweep of target zones. Research results demonstrated that, although higher recovery can be achieved with a polymer flood...
Camesano, Terri
-Perot interference fiber optic sensor is W. Shang, H. Su, G. Li, and G.S. Fischer are with Automation and Inter Needle Placement Weijian Shang, Student Member, IEEE, Hao Su, Student Member, IEEE, Gang Li, Student- compatible fiber optic sensor which has been integrated into a piezoelectrically actuated robot for prostate
Mao, Weizhen
nodes with much larger permanent storage (e.g., flash memory) and more battery power can be deployed-by-hop relay of other sensor nodes, the problem of limited storage, com- munication capacity, and battery power1 Optimize Storage Placement in Sensor Networks Bo Sheng, Member, IEEE, Qun Li, Member, IEEE
Mao, Weizhen
.g., flash memory) and more battery power. In such a hybrid sensor network, these storage nodes collect nodes, the concerns of limited storage, communication capacity, and battery power are amelioratedAn Approximation Algorithm for Data Storage Placement in Sensor Networks Bo Sheng, Chiu C. Tan, Qun
DOI 10.1007/s11276-006-0724-8 Relay sensor placement in wireless sensor networks
Wang, Lusheng
DOI 10.1007/s11276-006-0724-8 Relay sensor placement in wireless sensor networks Xiuzhen Cheng Sensor Networks (WSNs) are ad hoc multihop sys- tems containing sensors connected by wireless links sensor net- works. In our study, this problem is modelled by a NP-hard network optimization problem named
GENERALIZED SUPPORT SET INVARIANCY SENSITIVITY ...
2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
CQO problems by focusing on the support set of slack variables in dual optimal solutions. ... resources in storage as he had before.” Meanwhile, the manager ...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Commercial property owners, community associations (e.g., Home Owners Associations), and some residential property owners are eligible for Set the PACE St. Louis. Currently, only residential prop...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Sets and Software Contact Institute Director Charles Farrar (505) 663-5330 Email UCSD EI Director Michael Todd (858) 534-5951 Professional Staff Assistant Jutta Kayser (505)...
Fast and Effective Multi-Objective Optimisation of Wind Turbine Placement
Raymond Tran; Junhua Wu; Christopher Denison; Thomas Ackling; Markus Wagner; Frank Neumann
The single-objective yield optimisation of wind turbine placements on a given area of land is already a challenging optimization problem. In this article, we tackle the multi-objective variant of this problem: we are taking into account the wake effects that are produced by the different turbines on the wind farm, while optimising the energy yield, the necessary area, and the cable length needed to connect all turbines. One key step contribution in order to make the optimisation computationally feasible is that we employ problem-specific variation operators. Furthermore, we use a recently presented cachingtechnique to speed-up the computation time needed to assess a given wind farm layout. The resulting approach allows the multiobjective optimisation of large real-world scenarios within a single night on a standard computer.
A Fast and Effective Local Search Algorithm for Optimizing the Placement of Wind Turbines
Wagner, Markus; Neumann, Frank
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The placement of wind turbines on a given area of land such that the wind farm produces a maximum amount of energy is a challenging optimization problem. In this article, we tackle this problem, taking into account wake effects that are produced by the different turbines on the wind farm. We significantly improve upon existing results for the minimization of wake effects by developing a new problem-specific local search algorithm. One key step in the speed-up of our algorithm is the reduction in computation time needed to assess a given wind farm layout compared to previous approaches. Our new method allows the optimization of large real-world scenarios within a single night on a standard computer, whereas weeks on specialized computing servers were required for previous approaches.
Mumby, Peter J.
International Work Placement Case Study: Les Sol de Portecarrero, Almeria, Spain Lara spent nine months in 2011/2012 as an English teaching assistant in Almeria in Spain at Les Sol de Portocarrero
Chang, Yao-Wen
placements to handle modern mixed-size designs with large macros and high chip utilization rates. Based utilization rates show that our method significantly reduces the average half-perimeter wirelength by 35
305Sec. 4-9 Pump Placement To Avoid Cavitation -r-;0-J.s;,
Kostic, Milivoje M.
305Sec. 4-9 Pump Placement To Avoid Cavitation 6o q -.:.. 1.01 ll.oo -r-;0- J.s;, with permission, Worthington Division, McGraw-Edison Co.) changes in the downstream direction until the pump inletHt - g - (4-35a)Pfgc Pressure in suction tank P, Suction pressure Pump FIGURE 4-43 System schematic
Benavides Serrano, Alberto J.
2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z
or the placement strategies that should be used. Examples include: FM Global (2001), American 8 Petroleum Institute (API) (2001) (Section C.1.3.2) , International Society of Automation (ISA) (2003) (IEC 61779-6 Mod, Section 6), National Fire Protection Association... understand the behavior of the releases, e.g., EC 60079-29-2 (Section 8) (International Electrotechnical Commis- sion (IEC), 2007), and NORSOK STANDARD S-001 (Sections 12 and 13) (Norsk Sokkels Konkuranseposisjon (NORSOK), 2008). However, in the above...
Santanu Raut; Dhurjati Prasad Datta
2010-01-10T23:59:59.000Z
The formulation of a new analysis on a zero measure Cantor set $C (\\subset I=[0,1])$ is presented. A non-archimedean absolute value is introduced in $C$ exploiting the concept of {\\em relative} infinitesimals and a scale invariant ultrametric valuation of the form $\\log_{\\varepsilon^{-1}} (\\varepsilon/x) $ for a given scale $\\varepsilon>0$ and infinitesimals $0
Ha, Thuong G. Van, E-mail: tgvanha@radiology.bsd.uchicago.edu; Hodge, Justin; Funaki, Brian; Lorenz, Jonathan; Rosenblum, Jordan; Straus, Christopher; Leef, Jeff [University of Chicago, Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology (United States)
2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose. To determine the safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation in patients with liver cirrhosis complicated by thrombosed portal vein. Methods. This study reviewed 15 cases of TIPS creation in 15 cirrhotic patients with portal vein thrombosis at our institution over an 8-year period. There were 2 women and 13 men with a mean age of 53 years. Indications were refractory ascites, variceal hemorrhage, and refractory pleural effusion. Clinical follow-up was performed in all patients. Results. The technical success rate was 75% (3/4) in patients with chronic portal vein thrombosis associated with cavernomatous transformation and 91% (10/11) in patients with acute thrombosis or partial thrombosis, giving an overall success rate of 87%. Complications included postprocedural encephalopathy and localized hematoma at the access site. In patients with successful shunt placement, the total follow-up time was 223 months. The 30-day mortality rate was 13%. Two patients underwent liver transplantation at 35 days and 7 months, respectively, after TIPS insertion. One patient had an occluded shunt at 4 months with an unsuccessful revision. The remaining patients had functioning shunts at follow-up. Conclusion. TIPS creation in thrombosed portal vein is possible and might be a treatment option in certain patients.
Chen, Yiling
Problem Set 3 Let's Simplex Applied Mathematics 121 -- Spring 2011 Due 5:00 PM, Friday, February 18 linear programs using the Simplex method. Second, you will get a better understanding of linear programming through a better understanding of the Simplex method. Contents 1 Making it rain 2 2 Simplex
Chen, Yiling
Problem Set 3 Let's Simplex AM121/ES121 -- Fall 2014 Due 5:00 PM, Tuesday, September 30, 2014 linear programs using the Simplex method. Second, you will get a better understanding of linear programming through a better understanding of the Simplex method. Contents 1 Making it rain 3 2 Simplex
Chen, Yiling
Problem Set 3 Let's Simplex Applied Mathematics 121 -- Spring 2014 Due 5:00 PM, Friday, February 21 practice solving linear programs using the Simplex method. Second, you will get a better understanding of linear programming through a better understanding of the Simplex method. Contents 1 Making it rain 3 2
Skogen, Erik J.
2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
An optical set-reset (SR) latch is formed from a first electroabsorption modulator (EAM), a second EAM and a waveguide photodetector (PD) which are arranged in an optical and electrical feedback loop which controls the transmission of light through the first EAM to latch the first EAM in a light-transmissive state in response to a Set light input. A second waveguide PD controls the transmission of light through the second EAM and is used to switch the first EAM to a light-absorptive state in response to a Reset light input provided to the second waveguide PD. The optical SR latch, which may be formed on a III-V compound semiconductor substrate (e.g. an InP or a GaAs substrate) as a photonic integrated circuit (PIC), stores a bit of optical information and has an optical output for the logic state of that bit of information.
Electrical contact tool set station
Byers, M.E.
1988-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus is provided for the precise setting to zero of electrically conductive cutting tools used in the machining of work pieces. An electrically conductive cylindrical pin, tapered at one end to a small flat, rests in a vee-shaped channel in a base so that its longitudinal axis is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the machine's spindle. Electronic apparatus is connected between the cylindrical pin and the electrically conductive cutting tool to produce a detectable signal when contact between tool and pin is made. The axes of the machine are set to zero by contact between the cutting tool and the sides, end or top of the cylindrical pin. Upon contact, an electrical circuit is completed, and the detectable signal is produced. The tool can then be set to zero for that axis. Should the tool contact the cylindrical pin with too much force, the cylindrical pin would be harmlessly dislodged from the vee-shaped channel, preventing damage either to the cutting tool or the cylindrical pin. 5 figs.
ORAL QUAL SYLLABUS: SET THEORY; ERGODIC THEORY
ORAL QUAL SYLLABUS: SET THEORY; ERGODIC THEORY SAMUEL COSKEY Set Theory. #15; Basic set theory's theorem { there exists an Aronsajn tree { Shanin's root system lemma (#2;2) #15; Descriptive set theory of set theory (Jech 12,13) { Mostowski's collapsing theorem { relativization and absolute formulas { re
Set Multicover The Set Multicover problem is the same as set cover except
Golin, Mordecai J.
during that step. Notice that the average cost can not decrease. Then 8e 2 U price(e; 1) Å¸ price(e; 2) Å¸ to be covered a specified number of times. That is we want to pick a minimumÂcost set cover such that element e algorithm to multiÂ cover A Greedy MultiCover algorithm U / X C / ; select a F 2 F that minimizes Cost(F ) j
Set Multicover The Set Multicover problem is the same as set cover except
Golin, Mordecai J.
price(e; j) = Cost(F ) jF ``U j If j = r e remove e from U: return(C) This algorithm is very similar during that step. Notice that the average cost can not decrease. Then 8e 2 U price(e; 1) Å¸ price(e; 2) Å¸ to be covered a specified number of times. That is we want to pick a minimumÂcost set cover such that element e
advanced building design: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
envelope design Physics Websites Summary: settings, thermostat programming, and passive solar design. Chantrelle et al developed of a multicriteria has become the leading drive...
Minnesota Energy Resources (Gas)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Minnesota Energy Resources provides rebates to their residential customers for the purchase of energy efficient natural gas equipment and set-back thermostats. Rebates are available for furnaces,...
Analysis of Energy Consumption of Duplex Residences in College Station, Texas
Kim, S. B.; Woods, P. K.
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
significant relationship between normalized annual consumption and year built, thermostat setting, cooling efficiency, heating efficiency, base load, modified cooling balance point temperature, and modified heating balance point temperature....
Discrete Sets of Singular Cardinality
Fleissner, William G.
1983-08-02T23:59:59.000Z
singular cardinal k and a closed, cofinal in k, set of cardinals, {kb: ß «,. Throughout this paper, Y will be a discrete subset of a space X with | Y \\ = k. We say that t? = (Aß)ß...
Tectonic Settings | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained ByManagement Inc Place: Cleveland, Ohio Zip:Settings
Berkeley Lab Compact Accelerator Sets World Record
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Berkeley Lab Particle Accelerator Sets World Record Berkeley Lab Particle Accelerator Sets World Record Simulations at NERSC Help Validate Experimental Laser-Plasma Design December...
A study of thirty-two early adoptive placements by the Kansas children’s service league 1954-1957
Brigden, Virginia Louise
1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Girl also had an um bilical hernia at the time of placement and later had difficulty with a tight rectal sphincter* Both sphincter and hernia modified without treat ment* Case // lh-56* Baby Boy f who wa3 born with "Shoemaker's Chest", managed... baby boy was hospitalized for the removal of a growth in tho urethra. In the cases of these two baby boys who required hospitali zation, there was not only the stress of tho illness but the trauma of separation from their new parents -which caused...
Walpole, Jonathan
; first, the cost of power, cooling and facilities provisioning in capital expenditure (CapEx); and secondEx). The CapEx cost component is proportional to peak power and set power budget, while the OpEx component
On the Impact of PMU Placement on Observability and Cross-Validation
Kurose, Jim
Rosensweig, and Jim Kurose Department of Computer Science. University of Massachusetts Amherst USA {dpg power system consists of a set of buses Â an electric substation, power generation center
New approaches for placement and benchmarking of CMOS and Gene chips
Reda, Sherief Mohamed
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
by the sum of Steiner Minimum Tree (SMT) costs of thevarious nets, where the SMT cost of a given point set is theslightly larger than the SMT cost since contention for
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Feller, D; Schuchardt, Karen L.; Didier, Brett T.; Elsethagen, Todd; Sun, Lisong; Gurumoorthi, Vidhya; Chase, Jared; Li, Jun
The Basis Set Exchange (BSE) provides a web-based user interface for downloading and uploading Gaussian-type (GTO) basis sets, including effective core potentials (ECPs), from the EMSL Basis Set Library. It provides an improved user interface and capabilities over its predecessor, the EMSL Basis Set Order Form, for exploring the contents of the EMSL Basis Set Library. The popular Basis Set Order Form and underlying Basis Set Library were originally developed by Dr. David Feller and have been available from the EMSL webpages since 1994. BSE not only allows downloading of the more than 200 Basis sets in various formats; it allows users to annotate existing sets and to upload new sets. (Specialized Interface)
Contagious Sets in Random Graphs Uriel Feige
Contagious Sets in Random Graphs Uriel Feige Michael Krivelevich Daniel Reichman August 10, 2014. A contagious set is a set whose activation results with the entire graph being active. Given a graph G, let m(G, 2) be the minimal size of a contagious set. We consider the binomial random graph G := G(n, p
Math 566: Axiomatic Set Theory Spring 2009
Basic Set Theory Definition (Axiom of Choice (AC)). If F is a family of non-empty sets, then thereMath 566: Axiomatic Set Theory Spring 2009 Professor: Simon Thomas Note-taker: Jay Williams #12;Contents 1 Basic Set Theory 3 1.1 The ordinals
Answers to the set revision exercise 1 Answers to the set revision exercise
Alechina, Natasha
to the set revision exercise 5 Answers to the set revision exercise Â· If A has k elements, how many different1 Answers to the set revision exercise 1 Answers to the set revision exercise Â· Are A = {1 in which they are listed does not matter. Answers to the set revision exercise 2 Answers to the set
Breakthrough: Record-Setting Cavity
Ciovati, Gianluigi
2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
Gianluigi "Gigi" Ciovati, a superconducting radiofrequency scientist, discusses how scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Jefferson Lab in Newport News, VA, used ARRA funds to fabricate a niobium cavity for superconducting radiofrequency accelerators that has set a world record for energy efficiency. Jefferson Lab's scientists developed a new, super-hot treatment process that could soon make it possible to produce cavities more quickly and at less cost, benefitting research and healthcare around the world. Accelerators are critical to our efforts to study the structure of matter that builds our visible universe. They also are used to produce medical isotopes and particle beams for diagnosing and eradicating disease. And they offer the potential to power future nuclear power plants that produce little or no radioactive waste.around the world. Accelerators are critical to our efforts to study the structure of matter that builds our visible universe. They also are used to produce medical isotopes and particle beams for diagnosing and eradicating disease. And they offer the potential to power future nuclear power plants that produce little or no radioactive waste.
DIVIDE AND CONQUER ROADMAP FOR ALGEBRAIC SETS ...
2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 18, 2014 ... SAUGATA BASU AND MARIE-FRANÇOISE ROY .... pk,. (2) a finite subset of points of N ? Rp. The set V 0 and the finite set N are not arbitrary ...
Boyer, Edmond
1 A model to evaluate the consequences of GM and non-GM1 segregation scenarios on GM crop placement organisation can therefore be compared while using18 the percentage of GM grain in non-GM crops due to cross weather risks. The `spatial' strategy leads to areas of either GM or non-GM crops surrounding21
JULIA SETS AND WILD CANTOR SETS ALASTAIR FLETCHER AND JANG-MEI WU
Fletcher, Alastair
JULIA SETS AND WILD CANTOR SETS ALASTAIR FLETCHER AND JANG-MEI WU Abstract. There exist uniformly quasiregular maps f : R3 R3 whose Julia sets are wild Cantor sets. 1. Introduction The most direct is not tame is called wild. The first example of a wild Cantor set was Antoine's necklace [1
Logic and the set theory Lecture 20: The set theory (NS)
Choi, Suhyoung
Logic and the set theory Lecture 20: The set theory (NS) S. Choi Department of Mathematical Science KAIST, Daejeon, South Korea Fall semester, 2012 S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory November 20, 2012 1 / 14 #12;Introduction About this lecture Further set theory S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory
October 2013 ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING, IMPACTS, AND MITIGATION
Lee, Jason R.
October 2013 4-1 CHAPTER 4 ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING, IMPACTS, AND MITIGATION MEASURES This chapter discusses the environmental setting, impacts, and mitigation measures for the 14 fully evaluated to measure changes that would result #12;Chapter 4 Environmental Setting, Impacts, and Mitigation Measures
Screening and Evaluation Tool (SET) Users Guide
Layne Pincock
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This document is the users guide to using the Screening and Evaluation Tool (SET). SET is a tool for comparing multiple fuel cycle options against a common set of criteria and metrics. It does this using standard multi-attribute utility decision analysis methods.
Level Set Implementations on Unstructured Point Cloud
Duncan, James S.
Level Set Implementations on Unstructured Point Cloud by HO, Hon Pong A Thesis Submitted;Level Set Implementations on Unstructured Point Cloud by HO, Hon Pong This is to certify that I have implementations on unstructured point cloud 15 3.1 Level set initialization
Saha, Suman; Das, Shantanu; Gupta, Amitava
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A novel conformal mapping based Fractional Order (FO) methodology is developed in this paper for tuning existing classical (Integer Order) Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) controllers especially for sluggish and oscillatory second order systems. The conventional pole placement tuning via Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) method is extended for open loop oscillatory systems as well. The locations of the open loop zeros of a fractional order PID (FOPID or PI{\\lambda}D{\\mu}) controller have been approximated in this paper vis-\\`a-vis a LQR tuned conventional integer order PID controller, to achieve equivalent integer order PID control system. This approach eases the implementation of analog/digital realization of a FOPID controller with its integer order counterpart along with the advantages of fractional order controller preserved. It is shown here in the paper that decrease in the integro-differential operators of the FOPID/PI{\\lambda}D{\\mu} controller pushes the open loop zeros of the equivalent PID cont...
Johan Kok; K. P. Chithra; N. K. Sudev; C. Susanth
2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
A \\textit{primitive hole} of a graph $G$ is a cycle of length $3$ in $G$. The number of primitive holes in a given graph $G$ is called the primitive hole number of that graph $G$. The primitive degree of a vertex $v$ of a given graph $G$ is the number of primitive holes incident on the vertex $v$. In this paper, we introduce the notion of set-graphs and study the properties and characteristics of set-graphs. We also check the primitive hole number and primitive degree of set-graphs. Interesting introductory results on the nature of order of set-graphs, degree of the vertices corresponding to subsets of equal cardinality, the number of largest complete subgraphs in a set-graph etc. are discussed in this study. A recursive formula to determine the primitive hole number of a set-graph is also derived in this paper.
About uniform regularity of collections of sets
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
About uniform regularity of collections of sets. Alexander Y. Kruger · Nguyen H. Thao. Dedicated to Asen Dontchev on the occasion of his 65th birthday and.
Energy Department, Northwest Food Processors Association Set...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Food Processors Association today set ambitious goals to reduce energy use and carbon emissions in the industrial sector. DOE Industrial Technologies Program Manager Douglas Kaempf...
Economic Development Set-Aside (EDSA) (Iowa)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Economic Development Set-Aside (EDSA) program provides financial assistance to those businesses and industries requiring such assistance in order to create new job opportunities. Assistance is...
On Test Sets for Nonlinear Integer Maximization
2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
On Test Sets for Nonlinear. Integer Maximization. July 2007; revised February 2008. Jon Leea, Shmuel Onnb, Robert Weismantelc a IBM T.J. Watson Research
Organizational Setting II.A External
Scharfstein, Daniel
Chapter II Organizational Setting II.A External CEPH Criterion The School shall be an integral part to professional schools in that institution #12;External Organizational Setting CEPH Expected Documentation 1 bodies (other than CEPH) to which the institution responds 2 An organizational chart of the University
Multiverse Set Theory and Absolutely Undecidable Propositions
Väänänen, Jouko
Multiverse Set Theory and Absolutely Undecidable Propositions Jouko V¨a¨an¨anen University of Helsinki and University of Amsterdam Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Background 4 3 The multiverse of sets 6 3.1 The one universe case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.2 The multiverse
Observation-based test set generation
Cobb, Jeffrey Lee
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
. Current test set generation relies primarily on the "stuck-at" model, which both excites and observes every site of the circuit. However, a test set with good stuck-at fault coverage will not necessarily find all the defects in a circuit. Other models...
Index Sets of Computable Structures Wesley Calvert #
Calvert, Wesley
the isomorphic copies of A (see [11]). Such a sentence is called a Scott sentence for A. A Scott sentence The index set of a computable structure A is the set of all indices for computable isomorphic copies of A, Archimedean ordered fields, Abelian pÂgroups, and the models of the original Ehrenfeucht theory. 1
Index Sets of Computable Structures Wesley Calvert
Calvert, Wesley
copies of A (see [11]). Such a sentence is called a Scott sentence for A. A Scott sentence set of a computable structure A is the set of all indices for computable isomorphic copies of A. We, Archimedean ordered fields, Abelian p-groups, and the models of the original Ehrenfeucht theory. 1
Johnson, Roy Newell
1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A SURVEY OF INDUSTRIES WHICH INTERVIEW STUDENTS THROUGH THE TEXAS A&M PLACEMENT OFFICE TO ASCERTAIN THEIR ATTITUDE TOWARD THE ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT A Thesis by ROY NEWELL JOHNSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A... TOWARD THE ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT A Thesis by ROY NEWELL JOHNSON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Departmen (Member) (Memb er ) August 1972 g ". ;, 'j', '~ 0 ABSTRACT A Survey of Industries Which...
Lorenz, Jonathan M., E-mail: jlorenz@radiology.bsd.uchicago.edu; Beek, Darren van; Funaki, Brian; Ha, Thuong G. Van; Zangan, Stephen; Navuluri, Rakesh; Leef, Jeffery A. [University of Chicago (United States)
2013-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
PurposeEvaluation of long-term outcomes of venoplasty and Gianturco stents to treat inferior vena cava (IVC) obstruction after liver transplantation.MethodsWe retrospectively analyzed records from 33 consecutive adult patients referred with the intent to treat suspected IVC obstruction after liver transplantation. Treatment was performed for occlusion or stenosis with a gradient exceeding 3 mmHg. The primary treatment was venoplasty and, if refractory, Gianturco stent placement. Recurrence prompted repeat venoplasty or stent placement.ResultsOf the 33 patients, 25 (aged 46.9 ± 12.2 years) required treatment at a mean of 2.3 years (14 days to 20.3 years) after transplantation. For technically successful cases, primary treatment was venoplasty alone (14) or with stent placement (10). Technical success was 96 % (24 of 25) reflecting failure to cross one occlusion. Clinical success was 88 % (22 of 25) reflecting the technical failure and two that died of unrelated complications within 5 weeks. Cumulative primary patencies were 57.1 % at 6 months (n = 21) and 51.4 % at 1 (n = 10), 3 (n = 7), 5 (n = 6), and 7 (n = 5) years. Cumulative primary assisted patency was 95.2 % at 6 months (n = 21) and at 1 (n = 15), 3 (n = 9), 5 (n = 8), and 7 (n = 8) years. The 17 patients stented for refractory (n = 10) or recurrent (n = 7) stenosis had cumulative primary and primary assisted patencies of 86.0 and 100 %, respectively, from 6 months (n = 14) to 7 years (n = 3). No major complications occurred; one fractured stent was observed after 11.6 years.ConclusionFor IVC obstruction following liver transplantation, excellent long-term outcomes can be achieved by venoplasty and Gianturco stent placement.
Trumm, Christoph Gregor, E-mail: christoph.trumm@med.lmu.de [University of Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology (Germany); Rubenbauer, Bianca; Piltz, Stefan [University of Munich, Department of Surgery (Germany); Reiser, Maximilian F.; Hoffmann, Ralf-Thorsten [University of Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology (Germany)
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a case of combined surgical screw placement and osteoplasty guided by computed tomography-fluoroscopy (CTF) in a 68-year-old man with unilateral osteolytic destruction and a pathological fracture of the iliosacral joint due to a metastasis from renal cell carcinoma. The patient experienced intractable lower back pain that was refractory to analgesia. After transarterial particle and coil embolization of the tumor-feeding vessels in the angiography unit, the procedure was performed under general anesthesia by an interdisciplinary team of interventional radiologists and trauma surgeons. Under intermittent single-shot CTF, two K wires were inserted into the left iliosacral joint from a lateral transiliac approach at the S1 level followed by two self-tapping surgical screws. Continuous CTF was used for monitoring of the subsequent polymethylmethacrylate injection through two vertebroplasty cannulas for further stabilization of the screw threads within the osteolytic sacral ala. Both the screw placement and cement injection were successful, with no complications occurring during or after the procedure. With additional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and opioid medication, the patient reported a marked decrease in his lower back pain and was able to move independently again at the 3-month follow-up assessment. In our patient with intolerable back pain due to tumor destruction and consequent pathological fracture of the iliosacral joint, CTF-guided iliosacral screw placement combined with osteoplasty was successful with respect to joint stabilization and a reduction in the need for analgesic therapy.
Bin Set 1 Calcine Retrieval Feasibility Study
R. D. Adams; S. M. Berry; K. J. Galloway; T. A. Langenwalter; D. A. Lopez; C. M. Noakes; H. K. Peterson; M. I. Pope; R. J. Turk
1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
At the Department of Energy's Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as an interim waste management measure, both mixed high-level liquid waste and sodium bearing waste have been solidified by a calculation process and are stored in the Calcine Solids Storage Facilities. This calcined product will eventually be treated to allow final disposal in a national geologic repository. The Calcine Solids Storage Facilities comprise seven ''bit sets.'' Bin Set 1, the first to be constructed, was completed in 1959, and has been in service since 1963. It is the only bin set that does not meet current safe-shutdown earthquake seismic criteria. In addition, it is the only bin set that lacks built-in features to aid in calcine retrieval. One option to alleviate the seismic compliance issue is to transport the calcine from Bin Set 1 to another bin set which has the required capacity and which is seismically qualified. This report studies the feasibility of retrieving the calcine from Bi n Set 1 and transporting it into Bin Set 6 which is located approximately 650 feet away. Because Bin Set 1 was not designed for calcine retrieval, and because of the high radiation levels and potential contamination spread from the calcined material, this is a challenging engineering task. This report presents preconceptual design studies for remotely-operated, low-density, pneumatic vacuum retrieval and transport systems and equipment that are based on past work performed by the Raytheon Engineers and Constructors architectural engineering firm. The designs presented are considered feasible; however, future development work will be needed in several areas during the subsequent conceptual design phase.
Oberhumer, Philipp M.; Huang, Ya-Shih; Massip, Sylvain; Albert-Seifried, Sebastian; Greenham, Neil C.; Hodgkiss, Justin M.; Friend, Richard H. [Cavendish Laboratory, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); James, David T.; Kim, Ji-Seon [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Tu Guoli; Huck, Wilhelm T. S. [Melville Laboratory for Polymer Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW (United Kingdom); Beljonne, David; Cornil, Jerome [Laboratory for Chemistry of Novel Materials, University of Mons, Place du Parc, 20, 7000 Mons (Belgium)
2011-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
We present a spectroscopic and theoretical investigation of the effect of the presence and position of hexyl side-chains in the novel low-bandgap alternating donor-acceptor copolymer poly[bis-N,N-(4-octylphenyl)-bis-N,N-phenyl-1, 4-phenylenediamine-alt-5,5'-4',7',-di-2-thienyl-2',1',3'-benzothiadiazole] (T8TBT). We use electronic absorption and Raman spectroscopic measurements supported by calculations of chain conformation, electronic transitions, and Raman modes. Using these tools, we find that sterically demanding side-chain configurations induce twisting in the electronic acceptor unit and reduce the electronic interaction with the donor. This leads to a blue-shifted and weakened (partial) charge-transfer absorption band together with a higher photoluminescence efficiency. On the other hand, sterically relaxed side-chain configurations promote coupling between donor and acceptor units and exhibit enhanced absorption at the expense of luminescence efficiency. The possibility of tuning the donor-acceptor character of conjugated polymers by varying the placement of side-chains has very important ramifications for light emitting diode, Laser, display, and photovoltaic device optimization.
Chiang, H.D.; Wang, J.C.; Tong, J. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Electrical Engineering; Darling, G. [NYSEG Corp., Binghamton, NY (United States). Distribution System Dept.
1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper undertakes the problem of optimal capacitor placement, replacement and control in large-scale unbalanced, radial or loop distribution networks. The problem is how to optimally determine the locations to install (or replace, or remove) capacitors, the types and sizes of capacitors to be installed (or replaced) and, during each load level, the control schemes for each capacitor in the nodes of a general three-phase unbalanced distribution system such that a desired objective function is minimized while the load constraints, network constraints and operational constraints (e.g. the voltage profile) at different load levels are satisfied. The objective function considered consists of two terms: cost for energy loss and cost related to capacitor purchase, capacitor installation, capacitor replacement and capacitor removal. Comprehensive modelings of different components are presented which include primary power networks, three-phase transformers (different winding connections, off-nominal tap ratio, core and copper losses), co-generators, voltage sensitive load models for single-phase, two-phase and three-phase loads, shunt capacitors and reactors. The new problem is formulated as a combinatorial optimization problem with a non-differentiable objective function. The configuration space essential in the design of an annealing-based solution methodology for the new problem is derived. An effective solution methodology for solving the new problem and numerical studies on a realistic, unbalanced distribution network, a 291-bus with 305 distribution lines and 6 transformers, with varying loading conditions, will be presented in a companion paper.
Chiang, H.D.; Wang, J.C.; Tong, J. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Electrical Engineering; Darling, G. [NYSEG Corp., Binghamton, NY (United States). Distribution System Dept.
1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
This paper undertakes the problem of optimal capacitor placement, replacement and control in large-scale unbalanced, radial or loop distribution networks. The problem is how to optimally determine the locations to install (or replace, or remove) capacitors, the types and sizes of capacitors to be installed (or replaced) and, during each load level, the control schemes for each capacitor in the nodes of a general three-phase unbalanced distribution system such that a desired objective function is minimized while the load constraints, network constraints and operational constraints (e.g. the voltage profile) at different load levels are satisfied. The objective function considered consists of two terms: cost for energy loss and cost related to capacitor purchase, capacitor installation, capacitor replacement and capacitor removal. Comprehensive modelings of different components are presented which include primary power networks, three-phase transformers (different winding connections, off-nominal tap ratio, core and copper losses), co-generators, voltage sensitive load models for single-phase, two-phase and three-phase loads, shunt capacitors and rectors. The new problem is formulated as a combinational optimization problem with a non-differentiable objective function. The configuration space essential in the design of a annealing-based solution methodology for solving the new problem and numerical studies on a realistic, unbalanced distribution network, a 291-bus with 305 distribution lines and 6 transformers, with varying loading conditions, will be presented in a companion paper.
Chiang, H.D.; Wang, J.C.; Tong, J. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Electrical Engineering; Darling, G. [NYSEG Corp., Binghamton, NY (United States). Distribution System Dept.
1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
This paper develops an effective and, yet, practical solution methodology for optimal capacitor placement, replacement and control in large-scale unbalanced, general radial or loop distribution systems. The solution methodology can optimally determine (1) the locations to install (or replace, or remove) capacitors, (2) the types and sizes of capacitors to be installed (or replaced) and, during each load level, (3) the control schemes for each capacitor in the nodes of a general three-phase unbalanced distribution system such that a desired objective function is minimized while the load constraints, network constraints and operational constraints at different load levels are satisfied. The solution methodology is based on a combination of the simulated annealing technique and the greedy search technique in order to achieve computational speed and high-quality of solutions. Both the numerical and implementational aspects of the solution methodology are detailed. Analysis of the computational complexity of the solution algorithm indicated that the algorithm is also effective for large-scale distribution systems in terms of occupational efforts. Test results on a realistic, unbalanced distribution network, a 291-bus with 77 laterals, 305 distribution lines and 6 transformers, with varying loading conditions, are presented with promising results. The robustness of the solution methodology under varying loading conditions is also investigated.
Chiang, H.D.; Wang, J.C.; Tong, J. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Electrical Engineering; Darling, G. [NYSEG Corp., Binghamton, NY (United States). Distribution System Dept.
1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper develops an effective and, yet, practical solution methodology for optimal capacitor placement, replacement and control in large-scale unbalanced, general radial or loop distribution systems. The solution methodology can optimally determine (i) the locations to install (or replace, or remove) capacitors, (ii) the types and sizes of capacitors to be installed (or replaced) and, during each load level, (iii) the control schemes for each capacitor in the nodes of a general three-phase unbalanced distribution system such that a desired objective function is minimized while the load constraints, network constraints and operational constraints at different load levels are satisfied. The solution methodology is based on a combination of the simulated annealing technique and the greedy search technique in order to achieve computational speed and high-quality of solutions. Both the numerical and implementational aspects of the solution methodology are detailed. Analysis of the computational complexity of the solution algorithm indicates that the algorithm is also effective for large-scale distribution systems in terms of computational efforts. Test results on a realistic, unbalanced distribution network, a 291-bus with 77 laterals, 305 distribution lines and 6 transformers, with varying loading conditions, are presented with promising results. The robustness of the solution methodology under varying loading conditions is also investigated.
Almost Periodic Measures and Meyer Sets
Nicolae Strungaru
2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
In the first part, we construct a cut and project scheme from a family $\\{P_\\varepsilon\\}$ of sets verifying four conditions. We use this construction to characterize weighted Dirac combs defined by cut and project schemes and by continuous functions on the internal groups in terms of almost periodicity. We are also able to characterise those weighted Dirac combs for which the internal function is compactly supported. Lastly, using the same cut and project construction for $\\varepsilon$-dual sets, we are able to characterise Meyer sets in $\\sigma$-compact locally compact Abelian groups.
THERMOSTATICS AND KINETICS OF TRANSFORMATIONS IN PU-BASED ALLOYS
Turchi, P; Kaufman, L; Liu, Z
2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
CALPHAD assessment of the thermodynamic properties of a series of Pu-based alloys is briefly presented together with some results on the kinetics of phase formation and transformations in Pu-Ga alloys.
Facilitating Energy Savings through Enhanced Usability of Thermostats
Meier, Alan
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
such as heat pump water heaters and commercial lighting.such as lights or heat pump water heaters. Our review of theing behaviour. Heat pump water heaters require sophisticated
Columbia Gas of Ohio- Programmable Thermostat Rebate Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Columbia Gas of Ohio offers professional Facility/Building Energy Audits to determine the potential for natural gas savings encouraging matching funds and requiring submittal of final energy audit...
Facilitating Energy Savings through Enhanced Usability of Thermostats
Meier, Alan
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
such as heat pump water heaters and commercial lighting.heat pump water heaters. Advanced lighting controls in commercial
Facilitating Energy Savings through Enhanced Usability of Thermostats
Meier, Alan
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
products, such as heat pump water heaters and commercialsuch as lights or heat pump water heaters. Our review of theing behaviour. Heat pump water heaters require sophisticated
DRAFT October 4, 2007 Residential Thermostats: Comfort Controls in California
review forsakes depth for focus. It also has a bias towards California issues including Demand response (DR), and applicability and relation to Title 24 (Building Efficiency Standards) and Title 20 around a couple of companies who are still in the business of building thermal controls today: Johnson
Bulgac-Kusnezov-Nos-Hoover thermostats Alessandro Sergi*
Zulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Private Bag X01 Scottsville, 3209 Pietermaritzburg, South Africa Gregory S. Ezra Department systems are usually formulated in terms of noncanonical variables 20,21 , without a kinetic energy
Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings | Department of Energy
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCO Overview OCHCODepartment ofRecipients |DemonstrationDepartment13
Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! | Department of
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23,EnergyChicopeeTechnologyfact sheet summarizesofProgramTHURSDAY, May 14,
List of Programmable Thermostats Incentives | Open Energy Information
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Tight extended formulations for independent set
2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
3. there is finite set Q and a mapping f : V ? 2Q such that. (a) f is “consistent” with the acyclicity, namely, for every hyperarc (J, i) ?. A and for every j ? J, we ...
Constructing Roadmaps of Semi-algebraic Sets
4 A Uniform Algorithm. 4.1 Combinatorial Level. Given a polynomial Q and a set of polynomials P = fP1;:::;Psg we de ne the combinatorial level. of the system (Q;
A note on three dimensional good sets
K. Gowri Navada
2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
We show that as in the case of n- fold Cartesian product for n greater than or equal to 4, even in 3-fold Cartesian product, a related component of a good set need not be a full component.
Fourier restriction phenomenon in thin sets
Papadimitropoulos, Christos
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the Fourier restriction phenomenon in settings where there is no underlying proper smooth subvariety. We prove an (Lp, L2) restriction theorem in general locally compact abelian groups and apply it in groups ...
Rate Setting for Small Water Systems
Dozier, Monty; Theodori, Gene L.; Jensen, Ricard
2007-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
Knowing how to set the proper rate for water service is a challenge for small water systems. They must generate enough revenue to remain solvent, but offer affordable service. This publication describes the various types of rates and explains...
Generalized measurement on size of set
Hua-Rong Peng; Da-Hai Li; Qiong-Hua Wang
2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
We generalize the measurement using an expanded concept of cover, in order to provide a new approach to size of set other than cardinality. The generalized measurement has application backgrounds such as a generalized problem in dimension reduction, and has reasons from the existence of the minimum of both the positive size and the positive graduation, i.e., both the minimum is the size of the set ${0}$. The minimum of positive graduation in actual measurement provides the possibility that an object cannot be partitioned arbitrarily, e.g., an interval $[0, 1]$ cannot be partitioned by arbitrarily infinite times to keep compatible with the minimum of positive size. For the measurement on size of set, it can be assumed that this minimum is the size of ${0}$, in symbols $|{0}|$ or graduation 1. For a set $S$, we generalize any graduation as the size of a set $C_i$ where $\\exists x \\in S (x \\in C_i)$, and $|S|$ is represented by a pair, in symbols $(C, N(C))$, where ${C} = \\cup {C_i}$ and $N(C)$ is a set function on $C_i$, with $C_i$ independent of the order $i$ and $N(C)$ reflecting the quantity of $C_i$. This pair is a generalized form of box-counting dimension. The yielded size satisfies the properties of outer measure in general cases, and satisfies the properties of measure in the case of graduation 1; while in the reverse view, measure is a size using the graduation of size of an interval. As for cardinality, the yielded size is a one-to-one correspondence where only addition is allowable, a weak form of cardinality, and rewrites Continuum Hypothesis using dimension as $\\omega \\dot |{0,1}| = 1$. In the reverse view, cardinality of a set is a size in the graduation of the set. The generalized measurement provides a unified approach to dimension, measure, cardinality and hence infinity.
Reasoning about Actions with Temporal Answer Sets
Giordano, Laura; Dupré, Daniele Theseider
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we combine Answer Set Programming (ASP) with Dynamic Linear Time Temporal Logic (DLTL) to define a temporal logic programming language for reasoning about complex actions and infinite computations. DLTL extends propositional temporal logic of linear time with regular programs of propositional dynamic logic, which are used for indexing temporal modalities. The action language allows general DLTL formulas to be included in domain descriptions to constrain the space of possible extensions. We introduce a notion of Temporal Answer Set for domain descriptions, based on the usual notion of Answer Set. Also, we provide a translation of domain descriptions into standard ASP and we use Bounded Model Checking techniques for the verification of DLTL constraints.
Instruction sets for Parallel Random Access Machines
Trahan, J.L.
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The computational powers of time-bounded Parallel Random Access Machines (PRAMs) with different instruction sets are compared. A basic PRAM can perform the following operations in unit-time: addition, subtraction, Boolean operations, comparisons, and indirect addressing. Multiple processors may concurrently read and concurrently write a single cell. This thesis establishes that the class of languages accepted in polynomial time on a PRAM(*, {up arrow}, {down arrow}) contains the class of languages accepted in exponential time on a nondeterministic Turing machine (NEXPTIME) and is contained in the class of languages accepted in exponential space on a Turing machine. Efficient simulations are presented of PRAMs with enhanced instruction sets by sequential RAMs with the same instruction sets; also simulations of probabilistic PRAMs by deterministic PRAMs, using parallelism to replace randomness. Also given are simulations of PRAM(op)s by PRAMs, where both the simulated machine and the simulating machine are exclusive-read, exclusive-write machines.
Tower systems for Linearly repetitive Delone sets
José Aliste-Prieto; Daniel Coronel
2010-03-22T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we study linearly repetitive Delone sets and prove, following the work of Bellissard, Benedetti and Gambaudo, that the hull of a linearly repetitive Delone set admits a properly nested sequence of box decompositions (tower system) with strictly positive and uniformly bounded (in size and norm) transition matrices. This generalizes a result of Durand for linearly recurrent symbolic systems. Furthermore, we apply this result to give a new proof of a classic estimation of Lagarias and Pleasants on the rate of convergence of patch-frequencies.
Sets and Constraint Logic Programming Agostino Dovier
Rossi, Gianfranco
supported by NSF Grants CCR-9900320, CDA-9729848, EIA-9810732, CCR-9820852, CCR-9875279. Author's addresses emerged in the area of database languages, and more speci#12;cally in the context of deductive databases-#12;rst nor- mal form database models [Makinouchi 1977], where sets have been advoca
Transformations between symmetric sets of quantum states
Vedran Dunjko; Erika Andersson
2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate probabilistic transformations of quantum states from a `source' set to a `target' set of states. Such transforms have many applications. They can be used for tasks which include state-dependent cloning or quantum state discrimination, and as interfaces between systems whose information encodings are not related by a unitary transform, such as continuous-variable systems and finite-dimensional systems. In a probabilistic transform, information may be lost or leaked, and we explain the concepts of leak and redundancy. Following this, we show how the analysis of probabilistic transforms significantly simplifies for symmetric source and target sets of states. In particular, we give a simple linear program which solves the task of finding optimal transforms, and a method of characterizing the introduced leak and redundancy in information-theoretic terms. Using the developed techniques, we analyse a class of transforms which convert coherent states with information encoded in their relative phase to symmetric qubit states. Each of these sets of states on their own appears in many well studied quantum information protocols. Finally, we suggest an asymptotic realization based on quantum scissors.
Imperfect World of $??$-decay Nuclear Data Sets
B. Pritychenko
2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
The precision of double-beta ($\\beta\\beta$) decay experimental half lives and their uncertainties is reanalyzed. The method of Benford's distributions has been applied to nuclear reaction, structure and decay data sets. First-digit distribution trend for $\\beta\\beta$-decay T$_{1/2}^{2\
Rate Setting for Small Water Systems
Dozier, Monty; Theodori, Gene L.; Jensen, Ricard
2007-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
Jensen, Assistant Research Scientist, Texas Water Resources Institute; The Texas A&M University System K Knowing how to set the proper rate for water service is a daunting challenge for small water systems. The rates must be high enough to re- cover...
Setting-less Protection Final Project Report
Fan Yonghee Lee Liangyi Sun Zhenyu Tan #12;Executive Summary The capabilities of protective relays technologies that may have an impact on protective relaying. The goal was to challenge the research community examined that may lead to setting-less protection schemes, such as (a) adaptive relaying, (b) component
Dominating Set on Bipartite Graphs Mathieu Liedloff
Liedloff, Mathieu
.5263n ) time algorithm using polynomial space and an O(1.5137n ) time algorithm using exponential space ) time and polynomial space algorithm, and an O(1.5063n ) time algorithm that uses exponential space. We]). Known results. Given a graph G = (V, E), a subset D V is a dominating set of G if every vertex of V
Chem 249 Problem Set 4 Winter 2014
Chem 249 Problem Set 4 R. Corn Winter 2014 Basic Quantum Theory and Energy Levels in Spectroscopy). #12;2. Consider the NMR spectrum of a deuterium atom, which has a nuclear spin I of 1. a, the component of the nuclear spin in the direction of the magnetic field. Draw an energy level diagram
Johnson, Roy Newell
1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Interview Students Through the Texas A&M Placement Office to Ascertain Their Attitude Toward the Engineering Technology Department. (August 1972) Roy Newell Johnson, B. S. , Texas A&M University Directed by: Dr. Clint A. Bertrand The four... of research in this field. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT S I would like to express a very sincere appreciation to Dr. Clint A. Bertrand for the help and guidance he has given me in this endeavor. I also wish to thank Dr. Daryle W. Morgan and Dr. Phillip B. Goode...
Agnor, Craig B.
and the host organization/mentor teacher. It is a negotiated document that sets out the anticipated tasks-mail ___________________________________________________ Name of Mentor Teacher ___________________________________________________ Address ___________________________________________________ Mentor Teacher ___________________________________________________ Academic Adviser
ARM Cloud Retrieval Ensemble Data Set (ACRED)
Zhao, C; Xie, S; Klein, SA; McCoy, R; Comstock, JM; Delanoë, J; Deng, M; Dunn, M; Hogan, RJ; Jensen, MP; Mace, GG; McFarlane, SA; O’Connor, EJ; Protat, A; Shupe, MD; Turner, D; Wang, Z
2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
This document describes a new Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) data set, the ARM Cloud Retrieval Ensemble Data Set (ACRED), which is created by assembling nine existing ground-based cloud retrievals of ARM measurements from different cloud retrieval algorithms. The current version of ACRED includes an hourly average of nine ground-based retrievals with vertical resolution of 45 m for 512 layers. The techniques used for the nine cloud retrievals are briefly described in this document. This document also outlines the ACRED data availability, variables, and the nine retrieval products. Technical details about the generation of ACRED, such as the methods used for time average and vertical re-grid, are also provided.
Generalising canonical extension to the categorical setting
Coumans, Dion
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Canonical extension has proven to be a powerful tool in algebraic study of propositional logics. In this paper we describe a generalization of the theory of canonical extension to the setting of first order logic. We define a notion of canonical extension for coherent categories. These are the categorical analogues of distributive lattices and they provide categorical semantics for coherent logic. We describe a universal property of our construction and show that it generalises the existing notion of canonical extension for distributive lattices. Our new construction for coherent categories has led us to an alternative description of the topos of types, introduced by Makkai in the late seventies. This allows us to give new and transparent proofs of some properties of the action of the topos of types construction on morphisms. Furthermore, we prove a new result relating, for a coherent category, its topos of types to its category of models (in Sets).
Remote temperature-set-point controller
Burke, W.F.; Winiecki, A.L.
1984-10-17T23:59:59.000Z
An instrument is described for carrying out mechanical strain tests on metallic samples with the addition of means for varying the temperature with strain. The instrument includes opposing arms and associated equipment for holding a sample and varying the mechanical strain on the sample through a plurality of cycles of increasing and decreasing strain within predetermined limits, circuitry for producing an output signal representative of the strain during the tests, apparatus including a a set point and a coil about the sample for providing a controlled temperature in the sample, and circuitry interconnected between the strain output signal and set point for varying the temperature of the sample linearly with strain during the tests.
Coufal, Craig Daniel
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
were also used during the first week of chick placement for supplemental heat. Thermostats were used to turn brooder lamps off if the desired maximum temperature of 35?C was reached. The ventilation fans were controlled by a cycle timer to provide...
Field Placement & Certification Office
Dratz, Edward A.
application will include: (1) An MSU Application (this form) (2) OPI Application (3) School District\\melisenda.edwards\\My Documents\\EHHD Websites\\fpcert\\OPI\\Application.doc Print Form #12;
You are strongly encouraged to spend several hours using the ALEKS Prep and Learning Module after your first assessment. Even if you have achieved ...
Stephanie Brown
2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
You are strongly encouraged to spend several hours using the ALEKS Prep and ... spent in ALEKS will better prepare you for your upcoming course and ...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
developed to place the sensor nodes in the field. Contact Institute Director Charles Farrar (505) 663-5330 Email UCSD EI Director Michael Todd (858) 534-5951 Professional Staff...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Technical s o Freiberge s 3 c/) ReleaseRemote AccessSpectrum
Multiplexed photography : single-exposure capture of multiple camera settings
Green, Paul Elijah
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The space of camera settings is large and individual settings can vary dramatically from scene to scene. This thesis explores methods for capturing and manipulating multiple camera settings in a single exposure. Multiplexing ...
Quick-setting concrete and a method for making quick-setting concrete
Wagh, Arun S. (Joliet, IL); Singh, Dileep (Westmont, IL); Pullockaran, Jose D. (Trenton, NJ); Knox, Lerry (Glen Ellyn, IL)
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method for producing quick setting concrete is provided comprising hydrng a concrete dry mixture with carbonate solution to create a slurry, and allowing the slurry to cure. The invention also provides for a quick setting concrete having a predetermined proportion of CaCO.sub.3 of between 5 and 23 weight percent of the entire concrete mixture, and whereby the concrete has a compression strength of approximately 4,000 pounds per square inch (psi) within 24 hours after pouring.
Widget:SetTitle | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri GlobalJumpGoogleAreaMap JumpNOTITLE JumpRestrictedIFrame JumpSetTitle
Core File Settings | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power Administration would likeConstitution AndControllingCool MagneticCoos BayCore File Settings
Shelah Classication and Higher Descriptive Set Theory Shelah's Classication Theory
-Rautila whenever + = , SDF when + : Theorem (Sam Coskey and SDF, independently) You can force 1 1 sets to have the BP. Perfect Set Property
Record-Setting Microscopy Illuminates Energy Storage Materials
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Record-Setting Microscopy Illuminates Energy Storage Materials Record-Setting Microscopy Illuminates Energy Storage Materials Print Thursday, 22 January 2015 12:10 X-ray microscopy...
About [q]-regularity Properties of Collections of Sets
2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
collections of sets systematically, several other kinds of regularity were ... of the approximate stationarity property of collections of sets which is the main ...
Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for the ENERGY STAR Label Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for the ENERGY STAR...
Ready, Set . . . Get Prepped for Monday's Launch of the 'America...
Ready, Set . . . Get Prepped for Monday's Launch of the 'America's Next Top Energy Innovator' Challenge Ready, Set . . . Get Prepped for Monday's Launch of the 'America's Next Top...
Comprehensive Energy Program at Patrick Air Force Base Set to...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Comprehensive Energy Program at Patrick Air Force Base Set to Exceed Energy Goals Comprehensive Energy Program at Patrick Air Force Base Set to Exceed Energy Goals Fact sheet...
Setting clear expectations for safety basis development
MORENO, M.R.
2003-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
DOE-RL has set clear expectations for a cost-effective approach for achieving compliance with the Nuclear Safety Management requirements (10 CFR 830, Nuclear Safety Rule) which will ensure long-term benefit to Hanford. To facilitate implementation of these expectations, tools were developed to streamline and standardize safety analysis and safety document development resulting in a shorter and more predictable DOE approval cycle. A Hanford Safety Analysis and Risk Assessment Handbook (SARAH) was issued to standardized methodologies for development of safety analyses. A Microsoft Excel spreadsheet (RADIDOSE) was issued for the evaluation of radiological consequences for accident scenarios often postulated for Hanford. A standard Site Documented Safety Analysis (DSA) detailing the safety management programs was issued for use as a means of compliance with a majority of 3009 Standard chapters. An in-process review was developed between DOE and the Contractor to facilitate DOE approval and provide early course correction. As a result of setting expectations and providing safety analysis tools, the four Hanford Site waste management nuclear facilities were able to integrate into one Master Waste Management Documented Safety Analysis (WM-DSA).
Logic and the set theory Lecture 11,12: Quantifiers (The set theory) in How to Prove It.
Choi, Suhyoung
and set theory October 2, 2011 1 / 1 #12;Introduction About this lecture Sets (HTP Sections 1.3, 1.4) S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory October 2, 2011 2 / 1 #12;Introduction About this lecture Sets (HTP Sections 1.3, 1.4) Quantifiers and sets (HTP 2.1) S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory October 2, 2011 2
Logic and the set theory Lecture 11,12: Quantifiers (The set theory) in How to Prove It.
Choi, Suhyoung
and set theory October 7, 2012 1 / 26 #12;Introduction About this lecture Sets (HTP Sections 1.3, 1.4) S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory October 7, 2012 2 / 26 #12;Introduction About this lecture Sets (HTP Sections 1.3, 1.4) Quantifiers and sets (HTP 2.1) S. Choi (KAIST) Logic and set theory October 7, 2012 2
TIGHT FRAMES AND GEOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF WAVELET SETS
Benedetto, John J.
TIGHT FRAMES AND GEOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF WAVELET SETS John J. Benedetto and Songkiat Sumetkijakan # January 29, 2004 1 Introduction 1.1 Background and wavelet sets b R d is Euclidean space, R d , considered of a measurable set K # b R d of finite measure. K # b R d is a wavelet set if the function # # Å¸ 1K is a single
Agents, Beliefs, and Plausible Behavior in a Temporal Setting
Zachmann, Gabriel
Zachmann (Computer Graphics) #12;Agents, Beliefs, and Plausible Behavior in a Temporal Setting Nils Bulling
Contagious Sets in Expanders Amin Coja-Oghlan1
Krivelevich, Michael
Contagious Sets in Expanders Amin Coja-Oghlan1 , Uriel Feige2 , Michael Krivelevich3 , and Daniel, where r > 1 is the activation threshold. A contagious set is a set whose activation results with the entire graph being active. Given a graph G, let m(G, r) be the minimal size of a contagious set
Contagious Sets in Expanders Amin Coja-Oghlan
Krivelevich, Michael
Contagious Sets in Expanders Amin Coja-Oghlan Uriel Feige Michael Krivelevich Daniel Reichman§ June physics and viral marketing. A contagious set is a set whose activation results with the entire graph being active. Given a graph G, let m(G, r) be the minimal size of a contagious set. Computing m(G, r
Irrigation of Liquid Manures with Solid Set Systems
Kaye, Jason P.
Irrigation of Liquid Manures with Solid Set Systems Albert R. Jarrett, Professor, Agricultural Extension Solid Set Irrigation System Solid set irrigation is a system of irrigation sprinklers and piping moved from one location to another). Solid set irrigation systems are rarely used to apply liquid manure
Secret Sets and Applications R. Molva \\Lambda G. Tsudik y
Tsudik, Gene
Secret Sets and Applications R. Molva \\Lambda G. Tsudik y August 14, 1997 Abstract This paper introduces the notion of a secret set -- a basic construct for communication with groups of mutually suspicious entities. A set is secret if any entity can test its membership in the set but can determine
Automata for arithmetic Meyer sets Shigeki Akiyama1
Boyer, Edmond
Automata for arithmetic Meyer sets Shigeki Akiyama1 , FrÂ´edÂ´erique Bassino2 , and Christiane, Christiane.Frougny@liafa.jussieu.fr Abstract. The set Z of -integers is a Meyer set when is a Pisot number of the elements of Z - Z as a sum belonging to Z + F. 1 Introduction The so-called Meyer sets have been introduced
Set theory and physics Institut fur Theoretische Physik
Svozil, Karl
theory in general. In Cantorian (i.e., non-axiomatic) set theory, the "definition" of the con- ceptSet theory and physics K. Svozil Institut f¨ur Theoretische Physik University of Technology Vienna://tph.tuwien.ac.at/ svozil 1995-set.tex 1 #12;Abstract In as much as physical theories are formalizable, set theory pro
Quick-setting concrete and a method for making quick-setting concrete
Wagh, A.S.; Singh, D.; Pullockaran, J.D.; Knox, L.
1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z
A method for producing quick setting concrete is provided comprising mixing a concrete dry mixture with carbonate solution to create a slurry, and allowing the slurry to cure. The invention also provides for a quick setting concrete having a predetermined proportion of CaCO{sub 3} of between 5 and 23 weight percent of the entire concrete mixture, and whereby the concrete has a compression strength of approximately 4,000 pounds per square inch (psi) within 24 hours after pouring. 2 figs.
Chowdhury, Nilanjan Dutta
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
nozzle that uses vacuum to pick a component. Spindles can be rotated around the z-axis simultaneously, by a common drive motor to achieve proper component orientations. Each head can pick components from a set of two racks, each having 32 feeder.... Two nozzle change racks are also associated with each head. These consist of nozzle pads, which hold different nozzle types. Operation managers pre-assign nozzle types to heads. Nozzles are picked up from the pads by spindles using vacuum...
Macomber, Bryan A
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The goal of this thesis is to explore potential designs for a table that attaches to poles and street signs outside food trucks. A convenient placement of tables could greatly facilitate and improve the eating experience ...
Noether theorems in a general setting
G. Sardanashvily
2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
The first and second Noether theorems are formulated in a general case of reducible degenerate Grassmann-graded Lagrangian theory of even and odd variables on graded bundles. Such Lagrangian theory is characterized by a hierarchy of non-trivial higher-stage Noether identities and the corresponding higher-stage gauge symmetries which are described in the homology terms. In these terms, the second Noether theorems associate to the Koszul - Tate chain complex of higher-stage Noether identities the gauge cochain sequence whose ascent operator provides higher-order gauge symmetries of Lagrangian theory. If gauge symmetries are algebraically closed, this operator is extended to the nilpotent BRST operator which brings the gauge cochain sequence into the BRST complex. In this framework, the first Noether theorem is formulated as a straightforward corollary of the first variational formula. It associates to any variational Lagrangian symmetry the conserved current whose total differential vanishes on-shell. We prove in a general setting that a conserved current of a gauge symmetry is reduced to a total differential on-shell. The physically relevant examples of gauge theory on principal bundles, gauge gravitational theory on natural bundles, topological Chern - Simons field theory and topological BF theory are present. The last one exemplifies a reducible Lagrangian system.
Gravitational lens modeling with basis sets
Birrer, Simon; Refregier, Alexandre
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a strong lensing modeling technique based on versatile basis sets for the lens and source planes. Our method uses high performance Monte Carlo algorithms, allows for an adaptive build up of complexity and bridges the gap between parametric and pixel based reconstruction methods. We apply our method to a HST image of the strong lens system RXJ1131-1231 and show that our method finds a reliable solution and is able to detect substructure in the lens and source planes simultaneously. Using mock data we show that our method is sensitive to sub-clumps with masses four orders of magnitude smaller than the main lens, which corresponds to about $10^8 M_{\\odot}$, without prior knowledge on the position and mass of the sub-clump. The modelling approach is flexible and maximises automation to facilitate the analysis of the large number of strong lensing systems expected in upcoming wide field surveys. The resulting search for dark sub-clumps in these systems, without mass-to-light priors, offers promise for p...
On the Bragg Diffraction Spectra of a Meyer Set
Nicolae Strungaru
2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
Meyer sets have a relatively dense set of Bragg peaks and for this reason they may be considered as basic mathematical examples of (aperiodic) crystals. In this paper we investigate the pure point part of the diffraction of Meyer sets in more detail. The results are of two kinds. First we show that given a Meyer set and any intensity a less than the maximum intensity of its Bragg peaks, the set of Bragg peaks whose intensity exceeds a is itself a Meyer set (in the Fourier space). Second we show that if a Meyer set is modified by addition and removal of points in such a way that its density is not altered too much (the allowable amount being given explicitly as a proportion of the original density) then the newly obtained set still has a relatively dense set of Bragg peaks.
PROCEEDINGS OF 1976 SUMMER WORKSHOP ON AN ENERGY EXTENSION SERVICE
Authors, Various
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
March 1974. "Solar Water Heaters You Can Buy or Build,"RESTRICTOR INSULATE WATER HEATER NIGHT-TIME: THE:RMOSTAT SET$6SQ) Rl\\NGE SPACE HEATER WATER HEATER $2a~ (ENERGY SAVINGS
Modelling the impact of user behaviour on heat energy consumption
Combe, Nicola Miss; Harrison, David Professor; Way, Celia Miss
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
real-world thermostat settings and heat energy consumptionto real-world behaviours. The actual energy consumption goesworld data indicates that the houses heated during the night had higher annual heat energy consumption.
Biomass Company Sets Up Shop in High School Lab | Department...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Biomass Company Sets Up Shop in High School Lab Biomass Company Sets Up Shop in High School Lab March 30, 2010 - 2:45pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy...
A comparison of routing sets for robust network design
2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
seen as a single stage robust program where the set of routings paths together ... called a routing template, which is used by all demand vectors in the uncertainty set. ...... A flexible model for resource management in virtual private networks.
Differentiability properties of metric projections onto convex sets
2014-08-17T23:59:59.000Z
not difficult to see that polyhedral sets and spherical (also called ice-cream or Lorentz) cones are cone reducible. It is also possible to show that the sets (cones
Hydrogen Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress
Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)
DOE's Hydrogen Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress summarizes the processes used to set Hydrogen Program goals and milestones. Published in August 2006, it fulfills the requirement under se
Users Manual for TMY3 Data Sets (Revised)
Wilcox, S.; Marion, W.
2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
This users manual describes how to obtain and interpret the data in the Typical Meteorological Year version 3 (TMY3) data sets. These data sets are an update to the TMY2 data released by NREL in 1994.
THE INTEGRAL OF THE NORMAL AND FLUXES OVER SETS OF ...
2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
denote B(x, r) as the open ball of radius r and center at x. ...... It is well known that when a sequence of sets Ei, with ?Ei ? BV (Rn), converges in L1 to a set.
Evolutionary dynamics in set structured populations Corina E. Tarnitaa
Nowak, Martin A.
Evolutionary dynamics in set structured populations Corina E. Tarnitaa , Tibor Antala , Hisashi a powerful method to study dynamical population structure: evolutionary set theory. The individuals of popu- lation structure on evolutionary and ecological dynamics. These approaches include spatial models
Common Data Set 2005-06 Washington and Lee University
Marsh, David
Common Data Set 2005-06 Washington and Lee University 2005 Common Data Set Information Previous W:///Y|/ir/public_html/cds/cds2005.htm (1 of 28)12/1/2005 2:34:13 PM #12;Common Data Set 2005-06 Coeducational college Carnegie.htm (2 of 28)12/1/2005 2:34:13 PM #12;Common Data Set 2005-06 All other first- professionals 149 104
Models of Arithmetic and Subuniform Bounds for the Arithmetic Sets
Soare, Robert I.
the Scott set of M. Clearly, when M j= TA, then the Scott set includes A. Since f(n; a) 2 ! \\Theta ! : M j(M). In particular, if a 2 DTA , then some enumeration of a Scott set which includes A is of degree Å¸ a. Further) is not total, or it is not the enumeration of a Scott set including A. Actually, it turns out that fig E can
Functorial Quantum Field Theory in the Riemannian setting
Santosh Kandel
2015-02-25T23:59:59.000Z
We construct examples of Functorial Quantum Field Theories in the Riemannian setting by quantizing free massive bosons.
Smaller Connected Dominating Sets in Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Smaller Connected Dominating Sets in Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks based on Coverage by Two be broadcasting, where the size of the set greatly impacts on energy consumption. Obtaining small sets is thus is considered. In our new definition, a node u is not dominant if there exists in its 2- hop neighborhood
Intelligent Command and Control Agent in Electronic Warfare Settings
Noh, Sanguk
Intelligent Command and Control Agent in Electronic Warfare Settings Sanguk Noh,1, Unseob Jeong2, 1Ã?cation, and the selection of alternative countermeasures against threats in electronic warfare settings. We introduce in simulated electronic warfare settings. C 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. 1. INTRODUCTION To counter
Common Data Set 2005-06 College of Charleston
Kasman, Alex
Common Data Set 2005-06 College of Charleston Page 1 of 2 A. GENERAL INFORMATION A0. Respondent institution: Coeducational college Men's college Women's college #12;Common Data Set 2005-06 College Terminal First professional Bachelor's First professional certificate #12;Common Data Set 2005-06 College
Common Data Set 2005-06 A. GENERAL INFORMATION
Common Data Set 2005-06 A. GENERAL INFORMATION A1. Address Information Name of College professional certificate #12;Common Data Set 2005-06 Page 1 of 36 B. ENROLLMENT AND PERSISTENCE B1: 2029 GRAND TOTAL ALL STUDENTS: 6935 #12;Common Data Set 2005-06 Page 2 of 36 B2. Enrollment by Racial
Strong Integer Additive Set-valued Graphs: A Creative Review
N. K. Sudev; K. A. Germina; K. P. Chithra
2015-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
For a non-empty ground set $X$, finite or infinite, the {\\em set-valuation} or {\\em set-labeling} of a given graph $G$ is an injective function $f:V(G) \\to \\mathcal{P}(X)$, where $\\mathcal{P}(X)$ is the power set of the set $X$. A set-indexer of a graph $G$ is an injective set-valued function $f:V(G) \\to \\mathcal{P}(X)$ such that the function $f^{\\ast}:E(G)\\to \\mathcal{P}(X)-\\{\\emptyset\\}$ defined by $f^{\\ast}(uv) = f(u){\\ast} f(v)$ for every $uv{\\in} E(G)$ is also injective., where $\\ast$ is a binary operation on sets. An integer additive set-indexer is defined as an injective function $f:V(G)\\to \\mathcal{P}({\\mathbb{N}_0})$ such that the induced function $g_f:E(G) \\to \\mathcal{P}(\\mathbb{N}_0)$ defined by $g_f (uv) = f(u)+ f(v)$ is also injective, where $\\mathbb{N}_0$ is the set of all non-negative integers and $\\mathcal{P}(\\mathbb{N}_0)$ is its power set. An IASI $f$ is said to be a strong IASI if $|f^+(uv)|=|f(u)|\\,|f(v)|$ for every pair of adjacent vertices $u,v$ in $G$. In this paper, we critically and creatively review the concepts and properties of strong integer additive set-valued graphs.
MEYER SETS AND THEIR DUALS ROBERT V. MOODY
Moody, Robert Vaughan
MEYER SETS AND THEIR DUALS ROBERT V. MOODY Department of Mathematical Sciences University of Alberta Edmonton, T6G 2G1, Canada Abstract Meyer sets are subsets of R k that generalize lattices. Introduced by Y. Meyer in the context of harmonic analysis, these sets are important matheÂ matical objects
Arithmetic Meyer sets and finite automata Shigeki Akiyama
Bassino, FrÃ©dÃ©rique
Arithmetic Meyer sets and finite automata Shigeki Akiyama Department of Mathematics, Niigata # > 1. In particular, when # is a Pisot number --- like the golden mean ---, the set Z # is a Meyer set, the mathematical notion of quasicrystals had already been introduced by Meyer [20, 21, 22, 23, 24] in order
Set-valued Lyapunov functions for difference inclusions Rafal Goebel
Goebel, Rafal
Set-valued Lyapunov functions for difference inclusions Rafal Goebel Department of Mathematics.edu Abstract The paper relates set-valued Lyapunov functions to pointwise asymptotic stability in systems that each point of the set be Lyapunov stable and that every solution to the inclusion, from a neighborhood
Optimization of environmental control to fit living space requirements
Eckmann, Maxim S
2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
, or stereo are next, and control over the blinds are least important. Table 1 shows this hierarchy and related factors in the dormitory setting. Mr. Rawlings' Requirements Functions Thermostat & Blower Light Switches Wall Outlets Quantit S ecial R... uests Control of this function is very importank 2 (of 6) S ecial Considerations The fan blower is usually left at one setting. Control over the thermostat is the main roblem. Two of the four light switches in thc mom are connected...
Translating Answer-Set Programs into Bit-Vector Logic
Nguyen, Mai; Niemelä, Ilkka
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Answer set programming (ASP) is a paradigm for declarative problem solving where problems are first formalized as rule sets, i.e., answer-set programs, in a uniform way and then solved by computing answer sets for programs. The satisfiability modulo theories (SMT) framework follows a similar modelling philosophy but the syntax is based on extensions of propositional logic rather than rules. Quite recently, a translation from answer-set programs into difference logic was provided---enabling the use of particular SMT solvers for the computation of answer sets. In this paper, the translation is revised for another SMT fragment, namely that based on fixed-width bit-vector theories. Thus, even further SMT solvers can be harnessed for the task of computing answer sets. The results of a preliminary experimental comparison are also reported. They suggest a level of performance which is similar to that achieved via difference logic.
Meyer sets, topological eigenvalues, and Cantor fiber bundles
Johannes Kellendonk; Lorenzo Sadun
2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce two new characterizations of Meyer sets. A repetitive Delone set in $\\R^d$ with finite local complexity is topologically conjugate to a Meyer set if and only if it has $d$ linearly independent topological eigenvalues, which is if and only if it is topologically conjugate to a bundle over a $d$-torus with totally disconnected compact fiber and expansive canonical action. "Conjugate to" is a non-trivial condition, as we show that there exist sets that are topologically conjugate to Meyer sets but are not themselves Meyer. We also exhibit a diffractive set that is not Meyer, answering in the negative a question posed by Lagarias, and exhibit a Meyer set for which the measurable and topological eigenvalues are different.
Busser, Wendy M. H., E-mail: w.busser@rad.umcn.nl; Hoogeveen, Yvonne L. [Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Veth, Rene P. H.; Schreuder, H. W. Bart [Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Department of Orthopedic Surgery (Netherlands); Balguid, Angelique [Philips Healthcare (Netherlands); Renema, W. KlaasJan; SchultzeKool, Leo J. [Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy and technical success of positioning a radiofrequency ablation (RFA) electrode in osteoid osteomas by use of a new real-time needle guidance technology combining cone-beam computed tomography (CT) and fluoroscopy. Materials and Methods: Percutaneous RFA of osteoid osteomas was performed in five patients (median age 18 years), under general anesthesia, with the use of cone-beam CT and fluoroscopic guidance for electrode positioning. The outcome parameters were technical success, meaning correct needle placement in the nidus; accuracy defined as the deviation (in mm) from the center of the nidus; and clinical outcome at follow-up. Results: In all five cases, positioning was possible within 3 mm of the determined target location (median nidus size 6.8 mm; range 5-10.2 mm). All procedures were technically successful. All patients were free of pain at clinical follow-up. No complications were observed. Conclusion: Real-time fluoroscopy needle guidance based on cone-beam CT is a useful tool to accurately position radiofrequency needles for minimally invasive treatment of osteoid osteomas.
Note on the set of Bragg peaks with high intensity
Daniel Lenz; Nicolae Strungaru
2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z
We consider diffraction of Delone sets in Euclidean space. We show that the set of Bragg peaks with high intensity is always Meyer (if it is relatively dense). We use this to provide a new characterization for Meyer sets in terms of positive and positive definite measures. Our results are based on a careful study of positive definite measures, which may be of interest in its own right.
Optimization Online - Optimization over the Efficient Set of a ...
Thi Bach Kim NGUYEN
2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
Oct 6, 2011 ... Abstract: The problem of optimizing a real function over the efficient set of a multiple objective programming problem arises in a variety of ...
Optimization over the Efficient Set of a Bicriteria Convex ...
2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 3, 2011 ... The problem of optimizing a real function over the efficient set of a multiple objective programming problem arises in a variety of ap- plications.
Optimization Online - Preconditioning of Active-Set Newton Methods ...
Margherita Porcelli
2014-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 16, 2014 ... ... of Active-Set Newton Methods for PDE-constrained Optimal Control ... point linear systems arising in the solution of PDE-constrained optimal ...
Stationarity and regularity of infinite collections of sets
Alexander Y. Kruger
2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 19, 2011 ... Abstract: This article investigates extremality, stationarity, and regularity properties of infinite collections of sets in Banach spaces. Our approach ...
Optimization Online - About Regularity of Collections of Sets
Alexander Ya. Kruger
2005-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 3, 2005 ... About Regularity of Collections of Sets. Alexander Ya. Kruger (a.kruger ***at*** ballarat.edu.au). Abstract: The paper continues investigations of ...
Optimization Online - Regularity of collections of sets and ...
Alexander Y. Kruger
2015-01-17T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 17, 2015 ... Regularity of collections of sets and convergence of inexact alternating projections. Alexander Y. Kruger (a.kruger ***at*** federation.edu.au)
Stationarity and Regularity of Infinite Collections of Sets ...
2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract This article continues the investigation of stationarity and regularity properties of infinite collections of sets in a Banach space started in Kruger and ...
About [q]-regularity properties of collections of sets
Alexander Y. Kruger
2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
Oct 21, 2013 ... Abstract: We examine three primal space local Hoelder type regularity properties of finite collections of sets, namely, [q]-semiregularity, ...
Regularity of collections of sets and convergence of inexact ...
2015-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
We study the usage of regularity properties of collections of sets in con- vergence analysis of alternating projection methods for solving feasibility problems.
answer set programming: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
correspond to solutions. Such programs often contain auxiliary atoms, "defined" in terms of atoms introduced earlier. To prove that the answer sets of a program containing...
Media Advisory: Virginia Middle School Science Bowl Set For March...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Virginia Middle School Science Bowl Set For March 5 at Jefferson Lab What: The Department of Energy's 2011 Virginia Regional Middle School Science Bowl When: Saturday, March 5,...
active set algorithm: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
for Image Segmentation: A Level Set Approach Nikos Paragios1 and Rachid Deriche2 1 Siemens Corporate Research, Imaging and Visualization Department, 755 College Road East...
A feasible active set method for strictly convex quadratic problems ...
2015-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
The given data yields the active-set-transition-graph depicted in Figure 1. ...... of the energy computed from the surface position and squared norm of its gradient.
Date Set for Closure of Russian Nuclear Weapons Plant - NNSA...
National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Date Set for Closure of Russian Nuclear Weapons Plant - NNSA Is Helping Make It Happen | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission...
Geologic Setting of the Central Alaskan Hot Springs Belt: Implications...
Sustainable Energy Production Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Thesis: Geologic Setting of the Central Alaskan Hot Springs Belt: Implications for...
A comparison of routing sets for robust network design
2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Designing a network able to route a set of non-simultaneous demand vectors is an ... routing to change arbitrarily as the demand varies yields a very difficult ...
A NEW LOOK AT NONNEGATIVITY ON CLOSED SETS AND ...
2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
We first show that a continuous function f is nonnegative on a closed set K ? Rn if ... particular, we obtain a convergent explicit hierarchy of semidefinite (outer).
Irreducibility of the set of field operators in NC QFT
Mnatsakanova, M. N., E-mail: mnatsak@theory.sinp.msu.ru [Lomonosov Moscow State University, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics (Russian Federation); Vernov, Yu. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Irreducibility of the set of quantum field operators has been proved in noncommutative quantum field theory in the general case when time does not commute with spatial variables.
Physics 1114: Unit 6 Homework Problem set 1
Mansell, Edward "Ted"
is to come out of a faucet on the twelfth story 40 m above. Problem set 2 1. Intravenous infusions are often
Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems...
Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Assessment...
NREL Helps Greensburg Set the Model for Green Communities (Fact...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
NREL Helps Greensburg Set the Model for Green Communities (Fact Sheet), Innovation: The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) NREL Helps...
Optimization Online - Active-set prediction for interior point methods ...
Coralia Cartis
2014-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
May 18, 2014 ... Abstract: We propose the use of controlled perturbations to address the challenging question of optimal active-set prediction for interior point ...
Optimality conditions of set-valued optimization p...
2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
Optimality conditions of set-valued optimization problem involving relative algebraic interior in ordered linear spaces. Zhi-Ang Zhoua, Xin-Min Yangb and ...
Set Theory as the Unified Scheme for Physics
Andrey V. Novikov-Borodin
2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
The process of cognition is analysed to adjust the set theory to physical description. Postulates and basic definitions are revised. The specific sets of predicates, called presets, corresponding to the physical objects identified by an observer during cognition are introduced. Unlike sets, the presets are free of logical or set-theoretical paradoxes and may be consistently used in physical description. Schemes of cognition based on presets are considered. Being different logical systems, the relativistic and quantum theories, observations in modern cosmology cannot be consistently considered in one `unified physical theory', but they are in frames of introduced schemes of cognition.
Practical Diagnostics for Evaluating Residential Commissioning Metrics
Wray, Craig; Walker, Iain; Siegel, Jeff; Sherman, Max
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
include heat pump outdoor thermostat and defrost timermay include heat pump outdoor thermostat and defrost timer
Revising by an Inconsistent Set of Formulas James Delgrande
Delgrande, James P.
Revising by an Inconsistent Set of Formulas James Delgrande School of Computing Science Simon Fraser University Burnaby, B.C. V5A 1S6 Canada jim@cs.sfu.ca Abstract This paper presents an approach to belief revision in which revision is a function from a belief state and a finite set of formulas to a new
Equivalence Relations Definition of a relation on a set
Singman, David
Equivalence Relations Definition of a relation on a set Let A be any set. Any subset have 1R1, 2R3, 3R1, 2 R2, 3 R2, etc. #12;A special kind of relation- an Equivalence relation There is a type of relation, it's known as an equivalence relation, which is particularly useful. Definition
Robust Frequency Estimation Using Elemental Sets Gordon K. Smyth
Smyth, Gordon K.
, making the gradient-based search methods of general non-linear regression ineffective without excellent.2 The Elemental Set Method The method of elemental sets is widely used in linear regression as a way of getting made to a subsample just large enough to identify the parameters. For example, in a linear regression
On Marshall's p-invariant for semianalytic set germs
Ruiz, Jesús M.
On Marshall's p-invariant for semianalytic set germs Carlos ANDRADAS and Antonio D´inguez. ABSTRACT The invariant p(V ) has been introduced by M. Marshall as a measure of the complexity The invariant p(V ) has been introduced by M. Marshall as a measure of the complexity of semialgebraic sets
ON WAVELETS INTERPOLATED FROM A PAIR OF WAVELET SETS
Speegle, Darrin
ON WAVELETS INTERPOLATED FROM A PAIR OF WAVELET SETS Ziemowit Rzeszotnik and Darrin Speegle September 1, 2000 Abstract. We show that any wavelet, with the support of its Fourier transform small enough, can be interpolated from a pair of wavelet sets. The interpolation procedure, which was introduced
SINK-STABLE SETS OF DIGRAPHS Dora Erdos
Frank, AndrÃ¡s
theorem [19]. We also exhibit a link to min-max results of Bessy and ThomassÂ´e [3] and of Sebo [21], Bessy and ThomassÂ´e [3] introduced a special type of stable sets, called cyclic stable sets, and proved
MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT.. ( Lower Bounds for Set Intersection
. Mehlhorn R. Raman C. Uhrig MPI- I-92-127 October 1992 o mPD_ _ _ _ _ _ _ IN F 0 R M AT I K _ _ _ _ __ Im Stadtwald 66123 Saarbrücken Germany #12;Lower Bounds for Set Intersection Queries P. Dietz K. Mehlhorn R. Raman C. Uhrig MPI-I-92-127 October 1992 #12;Lower Bounds for Set Intersection Queries PAUL DIETZ KURT
RANDOM SETS IN FINANCE AND ECONOMETRICS Ilya Molchanov
Molchanov, Ilya
1 RANDOM SETS IN FINANCE AND ECONOMETRICS Ilya Molchanov Department of Mathematical Statistics several examples where random sets appear in math- ematical finance and econometrics: trading with transaction costs, risk measures, option prices, and partially identified econometric models. 1.1 Introduction
Case Generation Using Rough Sets with Fuzzy Representation
Mitra, Pabitra
, granular computing, rough-fuzzy hybridization, soft computing, pattern recognition, data mining. Ã¦ 1 for case generation. Fuzzy set theory is used for linguistic representation of patterns, thereby producing a fuzzy granulation of the feature space. Rough set theory is used to obtain dependency rules which model
Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy Use
1 Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy Use in Delivering Thermal Comfort-AC02-05CH11231. #12;Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy Use in Delivering thermal comfort through a different low energy space conditioning mechanism than would otherwise
Evaluation of integrated data sets: four examples. [Uranium deposits (exploration)
Bolivar, S.L.; Freeman, S.B.; Weaver, T.A.
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Several large data sets have been integrated and utilized for rapid evaluation on a reconnaissance scale for the Montrose 1/sup 0/ x 2/sup 0/ quadrangle, Colorado. The data sets include Landsat imagery, hydrogeochemical and stream sediment analyses, airborne geophysical data, known mineral occurrences, and a geologic map. All data sets were registered to a 179 x 119 rectangular grid and projected onto Universal Transverse Mercator coordinates. A grid resolution of 1 km was used. All possible combinations of three, for most data sets, were examined for general geologic correlations by utilizing a color microfilm output. In addition, gray-level pictures of statistical output, e.g., factor analysis, have been employed to aid evaluations. Examples for the data sets dysprosium-calcium, lead-copper-zinc, and equivalent uranium-uranium in water-uranium in sediment are described with respect to geologic applications, base-metal regimes, and geochemical associations.
Special Classes of Set Codes and Their Applications
WB Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache
2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z
In this book, the authors introduce the notion of set codes, set bicodes and set n-codes. These are the most generalized notions of semigroup n-codes and group n-codes. Several types of set n-codes are defined. Several examples are given to enable the reader to understand the concept. These new classes of codes will find applications in cryptography, computer networking (where fragmenting of codes is to be carried out) and data storage (where confidentiality is to be maintained). We also describe the error detection and error correction of these codes. The authors feel that these codes would be appropriate to the computer dominated world. This book has three chapters. Chapter One gives basic concepts to make the book a self-contained one. In Chapter Two, the notion of set codes is introduced. The set bicodes and their generalization to set n-codes (n >= 3) is carried out in Chapter Three. This chapter also gives the applications of these codes in the above-mentioned fields.
A review of selected energy-related data sets
Nicholls, A.K.; Elliott, D.B.; Jones, M.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Hannifan, J.M.; Degroat, K.J.; Eichner, M.J.; King, J.E. [Meridian Corp., Alexandria, VA (United States)
1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
DOE`s Office of Planning and Assessment (OPA) performs crosscutting technical, policy, and environmental assessments of energy technologies and markets. To support these efforts, OPA is in the process of creating a data base management system (DBMS) that will include relevant data compiled from other sources. One of the first steps is a review of selected data sets that may be considered for inclusion in the DBMS. The review covered data sets in five categories: buildings-specific data, industry-specific data, transportation-specific data, utilities-specific data, and crosscutting/general data. Reviewed data sets covered a broad array of energy efficiency, renewable, and/or benchmark technologies. Most data sets reviewed in this report are sponsored by Federal government entities and major industry organizations. Additional data sets reviewed are sponsored by the states of California and New York and regional entities in the Pacific Northwest. Prior to full review, candidate data sets were screened for their utility to OPA. Screening criteria included requirements that a data set be particularly applicable to OPA`s data needs, documented, current, and obtainable. To fully implement its DBMS, OPA will need to expand the review to other data sources, and must carefully consider the implications of differing assumptions and methodologies when comparing data.
A review of selected energy-related data sets
Nicholls, A.K.; Elliott, D.B.; Jones, M.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Hannifan, J.M.; Degroat, K.J.; Eichner, M.J.; King, J.E. (Meridian Corp., Alexandria, VA (United States))
1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
DOE's Office of Planning and Assessment (OPA) performs crosscutting technical, policy, and environmental assessments of energy technologies and markets. To support these efforts, OPA is in the process of creating a data base management system (DBMS) that will include relevant data compiled from other sources. One of the first steps is a review of selected data sets that may be considered for inclusion in the DBMS. The review covered data sets in five categories: buildings-specific data, industry-specific data, transportation-specific data, utilities-specific data, and crosscutting/general data. Reviewed data sets covered a broad array of energy efficiency, renewable, and/or benchmark technologies. Most data sets reviewed in this report are sponsored by Federal government entities and major industry organizations. Additional data sets reviewed are sponsored by the states of California and New York and regional entities in the Pacific Northwest. Prior to full review, candidate data sets were screened for their utility to OPA. Screening criteria included requirements that a data set be particularly applicable to OPA's data needs, documented, current, and obtainable. To fully implement its DBMS, OPA will need to expand the review to other data sources, and must carefully consider the implications of differing assumptions and methodologies when comparing data.
A Model Evaluation Data Set for the Tropical ARM Sites
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Jakob, Christian
This data set has been derived from various ARM and external data sources with the main aim of providing modelers easy access to quality controlled data for model evaluation. The data set contains highly aggregated (in time) data from a number of sources at the tropical ARM sites at Manus and Nauru. It spans the years of 1999 and 2000. The data set contains information on downward surface radiation; surface meteorology, including precipitation; atmospheric water vapor and cloud liquid water content; hydrometeor cover as a function of height; and cloud cover, cloud optical thickness and cloud top pressure information provided by the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP).
ASTRAL: AN ACTIVE SET ¿o-TRUST-REGION ALGORITHM FOR ...
used to conform with the geometry of the constraint region, (b) aggressive active set ..... do e B no t c on ve rg et o?? . P roo f. If there is a subsequence such that \\ \\
Record-Setting Microscopy Illuminates Energy Storage Materials
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Record-Setting Microscopy Illuminates Energy Storage Materials Print X-ray microscopy is powerful in that it can probe large volumes of material at high spatial resolution with...
Demonstration: interactive Social-Emotional Toolkit (iSET)
Madsen, Miriam A.
Social communication in autism is significantly hindered by difficulties processing affective cues in realtime face-to-face interaction. The interactive Social-Emotional Toolkit (iSET) allows its users to record and annotate ...
Approaches to test set generation using binary decision diagrams
Wingfield, James
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
This research pursues the use of powerful BDD-based functional circuit analysis to evaluate some approaches to test set generation. Functional representations of the circuit allow the measurement of information about faults that is not directly...
iCalm: Measuring electrodermal activity in almost any setting
Hedman, Elliott Bruce
The iCalm sensor is a wireless, wearable, washable wristband that can measure electrodermal activity and physical activity in almost any natural setting. This platform has many applications including health monitoring for ...
Bachelor Thesis Detection of Zeno Sets in Hybrid Systems
Bachelor Thesis Detection of Zeno Sets in Hybrid Systems to Validate Modelica Simulations Marcel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3 Example: Water Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3 Modelica 9 3.1 OpenModelica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.1.1 Hybrid Automata
Geophysical Setting of the Blue Mountain Geothermal Area, North...
Setting of the Blue Mountain Geothermal Area, North-Central Nevada and Its Relationship to a Crustal-Scale Fracture Associated with the Inception of the Yellowstone Hotspot Jump...
Wind power on BPA system sets another new record
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
RELEASE Tuesday, March 20, 2012 CONTACT: Mike Hansen, BPA 503-230-4328 or 503-230-5131 Wind power on BPA system sets another new record The renewable resource passes 4,000...
Optimal setting of bendable optics based on FEA calculations
Civita, Daniele La
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Optimal setting of bendable optics based on FEA calculationsand calibration of bendable x-ray optics using surface slopeDE-AC02-05CH11231. Keywords: x-ray optics, Kirkpatrick-Baez,
Sets of Symmetry Breaking Constraints Barbara M. Smith
Smith, Barbara M.
Sets of Symmetry Breaking Constraints Barbara M. Smith Cork Constraint Computation Centre, University College Cork, Ireland b.m.smith@4c.ucc.ie Abstract [Puget, 2004] has shown that if the symmetry
Media Advisory - The Virginia Middle School Science Bowl Is Set...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
The Virginia Middle School Science Bowl Is Set For March 6 at Jefferson Lab What: The 2010 Virginia Regional Middle School Science Bowl When: Saturday, March 6, 2010. Round-robin...
Partition triples: A tool for reduction of data sets
Grzymala-Busse, Jerzy W.; Than, Soe
1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Data sets discussed in this paper are presented as tables with rows corresponding to examples (entities, objects) and columns to attributes. A partition triple is defined for such a table as a triple of partitions on the ...
Orthogonal Sets of Vectors and the Gram-Schmidt Process
PRETEX (Halifax NS) #1 1054 1999 Mar 05 10:59:16
2010-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 16, 2007 ... 2007/2/16 page 323 i i i i. 4.12. Orthogonal Sets of Vectors and the Gram-Schmidt Process 323. 16. Using Equation (4.11.11), determine all vectors sat- isfying ?v ...
Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
regarding the pending DOE rulemaking to establish energy conservation standards on set-top boxes (STBs) under title Ill of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1974, as...
Definability and Automorphisms of the Computably Enumerable Sets
Koellner, Peter
of determining which classes of Turing degrees are definable in the languages of Turing reduction and set.e.) degrees are a particularly important class of Turing degrees. They have been studied extensively since
Kernels for Feedback Arc Set In Tournaments Stephane Bessy
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Kernels for Feedback Arc Set In Tournaments St´ephane Bessy Fedor V. Fomin Serge Gaspers Christophe´e de Montpellier 2, CNRS, 161 rue Ada, 34392 Montpellier, France. {bessy
Strategy for construction of polymerized volume data sets
Aragonda, Prathyusha
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
of the embedded objects, and their visualization. To construct a polymerized volume data set, an adjacency class within the grid system is selected. Edges belonging to this adjacency class are labeled as interior, exterior, or boundary edges using discriminant...
G odel's legacy in set theory John R. Steel
Koellner, Peter
GË? odel's legacy in set theory John R. Steel University of California, Berkeley August 2006 1 #12 generalizes the theory of L, has been developed. (Silver, Kunen, Mitchell, Dodd, Jensen, Martin, Steel, Woodin
A fractal set from the binary reflected Gray code
J. A. Oteo; J. Ros
2005-10-14T23:59:59.000Z
The permutation associated with the decimal expression of the binary reflected Gray code with $N$ bits is considered. Its cycle structure is studied. Considered as a set of points, its self-similarity is pointed out. As a fractal, it is shown to be the attractor of a IFS. For large values of $N$ the set is examined from the point of view of time series analysis
Erasmus Student Placement EMPLOYER INFORMATION
Herrmann, Samuel
attend classes of Croatian as a foreign language as well as other language classes free of charge. REQIUREMENTS Oral and written language skills English (level: B2) Knowledge of other languages (e.g. Croatian
Erasmus Student Placement EMPLOYER INFORMATION
Chamzas, Christodoulos
basic things about chem. phys. features of the sea. The programme also includes a guided tour / Function Educator Description of activities Leading workshops, guided tours and field work on the coast. The applicant will be introduced to our practical work and receive all necesssary assistance in leading
CALIFORNIA ENERGY Residential Duct Placement
Park Ridge, Illinois Managed By: New Buildings Institute Cathy Higgins, Program Director White Salmon technical review by Alan Cowan of New Buildings Institute. Review and Advisory Committee: Rick Chitwood Science Corporation, Bruce Wilcox of Berkeley Solar Group, Jamie Lyons of Energetics, Inc., Marshall Hunt
Evaluating dredged material placement alternatives
Wooters, Kelly Lynne
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, but are required in some environmentally sensitive areas. An example of an innovative disposal alternative is the application of oil spill clean-up technology to dredging sites in the form of interim storage. 1. 3 Related Research The environmental impacts... of alternatives, sociopolitical implication, and environmental impact. Specific procedural guidelines are presented for marsh, upland, and island development. Gupta et al. (1978) establish the appropriate agricultural use for the dredged materiaL Dredged...
Evaluating dredged material placement alternatives
Wooters, Kelly Lynne
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
) devised an economic methodology to determine land value and associated benefits from dredged material containment. This methodology is designed to provide guidance for a project, not to select appropriate disposal alternatives. The New York District.... , Aurand, D. , Schultz, D. , and Holman, R. (1980). Disposal of Dredged Material Within the New York District, Volume II. MITRE Tech. Report MTR- 7808. News Release II27 (1989). District Engineer Warns of Dangers to State from Interruption to GIWW...
Convex Hulls of Quadratically Parameterized Sets With Quadratic Constraints
Nie, Jiawang
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Let V be a semialgebraic set parameterized by quadratic polynomials over a quadratic set T. This paper studies semidefinite representation of its convex hull by projections of spectrahedra (defined by linear matrix inequalities). When T is defined by a single quadratic constraint, we prove that its convex hull is equal to the first order moment type semidefinite relaxation of $V$, up to taking closures. Similar results hold when every quadratic polynomial is homogeneous and T is defined by two homogeneous quadratic constraints,or V is defined by rational quadratic parameterizations.
Independent set problems and odd-hole-preserving graph reductions
Warren, Jeffrey Scott
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
. The algorithm will exploit and extend the best techniques from previous solvers that use clique covers to provide their bounds. We will investigate the polynomial-time detection of sets U V such that G[U] contains an odd hole if G does. We will analyze... having the highest degree in G[U] are favored. Further ties are broken arbitrarily. To achieve the desired partition of V, we do the following. Let U V and let T be the vertex set of a vertex-maximal CIS in G[U]. Then let U UnT and repeat, retaining...
Set-up of oil on water by wind
Spencer, Edmund Beryle
1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
SET-UP OF OIL ON WATER EY WIND A Thesis by EQ&1UND BERYLE SFFNCER Submitted to the Oraduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement Ior the d gee of iiASTFR OF SCIENCE August 1970 i:aj or Sub j ect: Civil...) Edmund B. Spencer, B. S. , Vanderbilt University Directed by: Dr. Robert M. Sorensen Set-up of various density and viscosity oils on water' s surface when subjected to wind was studied analytically and experimentally using a two-dimensional wind...
Parallel Belief Revision: Revising by Sets of Formulas
Delgrande, James P.
Parallel Belief Revision: Revising by Sets of Formulas James Delgrande and Yi Jin School of Computing Science Simon Fraser University Burnaby, B.C. V5A 1S6 Canada {jim,yij}@cs.sfu.ca March 15, 2012 Abstract The area of belief revision studies how a rational agent may incorporate new information about
Tightening simple mixed-integer sets with guaranteed bounds ...
One might consider such examples “artificial” and wonder what happens ... Note that M is the projection to RN of the feasible set for a system of O(N2) ...... [2] E. Balas, S. Ceria and G. Cornuéjols, A lift-and-project cutting plane algorithm for.
Analyzing Facebook Privacy Settings: User Expectations vs. Reality
Gummadi, Krishna P.
Analyzing Facebook Privacy Settings: User Expectations vs. Reality Yabing Liu Northeastern of personal data has emerged as a popular ac- tivity over online social networking sites like Facebook privacy. We de- ploy a survey, implemented as a Facebook application, to 200 Facebook users recruited via
Reach set computation using optimal control \\Lambda Pravin Varaiya
Varaiya, Pravin
Reach set computation using optimal control \\Lambda Pravin Varaiya Department of Electrical based on the Pontryagin maximum principle of optimal control theory. The approach is elaborated for linear systems, and it may prove useful for more general continuousvariable systems. 1 Introduction
Equivalence Relations in Set Theory, Computation Theory and Complexity Theory
Equivalence Relations in Set Theory, Computation Theory and Complexity Theory Denable Equivalence-preserving transformations Unitary equivalence of unitary operators Conformal equivalence of Riemann surfaces These are analytic (1 1 with parameters) equivalence relations on Polish spaces (think of the reals) #12;Equivalence
Energy-Exposed Instruction Set Architectures Krste Asanovic
Asanovic, Krste
applications with complex control flow as we believe this type of code will become the energy bottleneckEnergy-Exposed Instruction Set Architectures Krste Asanovi´c MIT Laboratory for Computer Science alternate ways to perform the same task unless it will increase perfor- mance significantly. Implementations
Complexity of Stratifications of Semi-Pfaffian Sets
1910-00-40T23:59:59.000Z
We are interested in the bounds on the parameters of the output of the algorithm ... Section 5 describes a stratification procedure for arbitrary semi-Pfaffian sets, while ..... ementary steps (in the worst case) as a function of the format of the input
LARGE POROSITY AND DIMENSION OF SETS IN METRIC TAPIO RAJALA
JyvÃ¤skylÃ¤, University of
estimate dimp A n - 1 + C log( 1 1-2 ) (1.1) Date: April 8, 2008. 2000 Mathematics Subject Classification;2 TAPIO RAJALA for -porous sets A Rn with a constant C depending only on n. Here dimp is the packing
A Set of Computer Aided Automatic Control Experiments
Erdem, Erkut
, dynamics, frequency response, and key techniques in the closed loop controller design such as PID, pole is highlighted together with the possibilities of implementing various models and controllers at differentA Set of Computer Aided Automatic Control Experiments for Undergraduate Students YUSUF BU GDAY
Modeling Redirection in Geographically Diverse Server Sets Lisa Aminiab
Shaikh, Anees
Modeling Redirection in Geographically Diverse Server Sets Lisa Aminiab , Anees Shaikha , Henning Schulzrinneb a IBM TJ Watson Research Center b Columbia University ABSTRACT Internet server selection to a geographically and topologically diverse pool of servers. Research on server selection has thus far focused
An Event Set Approach to Sequence Discovery in Medical Data
Cook, Diane J.
are many. With advances in medical technology have come many methods for treating such illnesses. AnalysisAn Event Set Approach to Sequence Discovery in Medical Data Jorge C. G. Ramirez1,2 , Diane J. Cook1, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA 75235-9103 dpeter@mednet.swmed.edu Contact
SETS, March 2006Institute of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology
Hellebrand, Sybille
SETS, March 2006Institute of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology Alg. & Tools" in Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (Master program or main study period for Diploma) · 30 min of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology Overview ATPG Fault-models & BIST for interconnections Test
Ready...Set...MENTOR! A Speed Mentoring Toolkit
California at Santa Barbara, University of
Ready...Set...MENTOR! A Speed Mentoring Toolkit Introduction: Mentoring describes a developmental relationship between a mentor, who is a person with experience, skills and knowledge, and a protégé, who and work contexts. Informal mentoring may emerge between partners who spontaneously discover each other
Level Set and PDE Methods for Computer Graphics
Level Set and PDE Methods for Computer Graphics Notes for SIGGRAPH 2004 Course #27 Los Angeles, CA will describe the numerical methods and algorithms needed to actually implement the mathematics and methods.D. in Computer and Systems Engineering (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1993). E-mail: david
DEVELOPING A SET OF REGULATORY ANALOGS FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION
DEVELOPING A SET OF REGULATORY ANALOGS FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION D.M. Reiner1 , H.J. Herzog2 1 Judge Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA, email: hjherzog@mit.edu ABSTRACT Carbon capture and sequestration variables critical for determining the success of carbon sequestration as a viable climate policy option
REDD: A Public Data Set for Energy Disaggregation Research
Willsky, Alan S.
], and the PASCAL challenge [2]. De- spite some initial progress towards this same goal for energyREDD: A Public Data Set for Energy Disaggregation Research J. Zico Kolter Computer Science And Artificial Intelligence Laboratory Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA kolter
Fast Population Game Dynamics for Dominant Sets and Other ...
2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
2 Department of Statistics and Decision Support Systems - Univ. of Vienna - Austria ... Dominant sets are a graph-theoretical notion of a cluster [1], which have found ... proposed approach is general and can be applied to a large class of ... can be found by replicator dynamics (RD), a classic formalization of a natural
Weakly Terminal Objects in Quasicategories of SET Endofunctors
Barto, Libor
Weakly Terminal Objects in Quasicategories of SET Endofunctors Libor Barto # Mathematical Institute and mappings) and all natural transformations has a terminal object -- the constant functor C1 . We construct here the terminal (or at least the smallest weakly terminal object, which is rigid) in some important
Weakly Terminal Objects in Quasicategories of SET Endofunctors
Barto, Libor
Weakly Terminal Objects in Quasicategories of SET Endofunctors Libor Barto Mathematical Institute and mappings) and all natural transformations has a terminal object the constant functor C1. We construct here the terminal (or at least the smallest weakly terminal object, which is rigid) in some important
PolynomialTime Membership Comparable Sets Mitsunori Ogihara 1
Ogihara, Mitsunori
, Sel82a, AH92, Ko83, Tod91, LS93, BvHT93, NOS93, HNOS93, HHO + 93, HNOS94]. Recently, there have beenÂtime complexity classes occur. HemachanÂ dra et al [HHO + 93] studied internal structure of the class of sets Å¸ p
A Brief Overview of Set Theory I. Vocabulary
DeMaio, Joe
is the number of elements in .A 2n n A II. Examples Let . Let . Determine whetherA = {Pepsi, Mountain Dew, Coke, Sprite} B = {Pepsi, Coke} .A = B,A ` B,A _ B,B ` A,B _ A List all subsets of the set .C = {a,b,c} #12;How
A New Data Layout For Set Intersection on GPUs
Amossen, Rasmus Resen
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Set intersection is the core in a variety of problems, e.g. frequent itemset mining and sparse boolean matrix multiplication. It is well-known that large speed gains can, for some computational problems, be obtained by using a graphics processing unit (GPU) as a massively parallel computing device. However, GPUs require highly regular control flow and memory access patterns, and for this reason previous GPU methods for intersecting sets have used a simple bitmap representation. This representation requires excessive space on sparse data sets. In this paper we present a novel data layout, "BatMap", that is particularly well suited for parallel processing, and is compact even for sparse data. Frequent itemset mining is one of the most important applications of set intersection. As a case-study on the potential of BatMaps we focus on frequent pair mining, which is a core special case of frequent itemset mining. The main finding is that our method is able to achieve speedups over both Apriori and FP-growth when t...
ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Gridding heterogeneous bathymetric data sets with stacked
Jakobsson, Martin
heterogeneous bathymetric data sets for the compilation of Digital bathymetric models (DBMs), poses specific of the most widely used gridding methods, our approach yields superior DBMs based on heterogeneous bathymetric gridding algorithm has been specifically designed to con- struct DBMs from heterogeneous bathymetric source
Fuzzy Sets for Texture Contrast Modelling Applied to Pattern Recognition
Granada, Universidad de
Fuzzy Sets for Texture Contrast Modelling Applied to Pattern Recognition J. Chamorro-MartÂ´inez1 , P the application of the proposed fuzzy model for pattern recognition. 1 Introduction Texture is, together propose to model the contrast of visual tex- ture by means of a perceptual-based fuzzy approach
New set of metrics for the computational performance
New set of metrics for the computational performance of IS-ENES Earth System Models TR/CMGC/14/73 U performance of Earth System Models is developed and used for an initial performance analysis of the EC models.................................................................................................................................5 2.1 List of Participating Earth System Models
Optimum Signature Sequence Sets for Asynchronous CDMA Systems
Ulukus, Sennur
Optimum Signature Sequence Sets for Asynchronous CDMA Systems Sennur Ulukus AT&T Labs on the delay profile of the users, we identify a class of optimum signature sequences that achieve a lower. Further, when the optimum signature sequences are used, the users' received powers are all equal and the M
Energy and Society Fall 2014 Problem Set 6
Kammen, Daniel M.
Energy and Society Fall 2014 Problem Set 6 ER100 105 points ER 200 113 points 1. Comparing PV costs system and the levelized cost of solar energy in San Francisco, CA (2,500 kWh/m2 - year); New York City for calculating the levelized cost of electricity. [6 points] 2. Wind Power Analysis [18 points grad, 10 points
Imperfect World of $\\beta\\beta$-decay Nuclear Data Sets
Pritychenko, B
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The precision of double-beta ($\\beta\\beta$) decay experimental half lives and their uncertainties is reanalyzed. The method of Benford's distributions has been applied to nuclear reaction, structure and decay data sets. First-digit distribution trend for $\\beta\\beta$-decay T$_{1/2}^{2\
Diabetes Controls and Hemoglobin A1C Linearity Set
Rodriguez, Carlos
Diabetes Controls and Lyphochek® Hemoglobin A1C Linearity Set Bio-Rad Laboratories d i a b e t e® Diabetes Control A human whole blood based product intended to monitor the precision of hemoglobin tests procedures used in diabetes monitoring, including Hemoglobins A1, A1C, F and Total Glycated Hemoglobin
Advanced Statistical Mechanics: CHEM 646 Problem Set 1
Ronis, David M.
is a function of position, show that dI() d = d r I() ( r) ( r). Inverting the question, suppose weAdvanced Statistical Mechanics: CHEM 646 Problem Set 1 1. At low densities, the generic pair distribution function can be approximated as (2) ( r1, r2) = 2 e- u12(r12) , where u12 is the pair potential
Towards Optimal and Expressive Kernelization for d-Hitting Set
van Bevern, René
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A sunflower in a hypergraph is a set of hyperedges pairwise intersecting in exactly the same vertex set. Sunflowers are a useful tool in polynomial-time data reduction for problems formalizable as d-Hitting Set, the problem of covering all hyperedges (of cardinality at most d) of a hypergraph by at most k vertices. Additionally, in fault diagnosis, sunflowers yield concise explanations for "highly defective structures". We provide a linear-time algorithm that, by finding sunflowers, transforms an instance of d-Hitting Set into an equivalent instance comprising at most O(k^d) hyperedges and vertices. In terms of parameterized complexity theory, we show a problem kernel with asymptotically optimal size (unless coNP in NP/poly). We show that the number of vertices can be reduced to O(k^(d-1)) with additional processing in O(k^(1.5d)) time---nontrivially combining the sunflower technique with a known problem kernel that uses crown reductions.
Physics 1114: Unit 5 Homework Problem set 1
Mansell, Edward "Ted"
Physics 1114: Unit 5 Homework Problem set 1 1. The flywheel on an experimental bus is rotating.e., tangential) speed of a point 16 cm from the center of the flywheel? 2. A helicopter has blades that are 10 ft
ELEMENTS OF POLYA-SCHUR THEORY IN FINITE DIFFERENCE SETTING
Shapiro, Boris
. (If a real-rooted p(x) has a multiple root then mesh(p) = 0.) Denote by HPM HP the set of all real-rooted polynomials whose mesh is at least M > 0. Let HP+ M HPM be the subset of such polynomials with only
Lyapunov Exponents and Uniform Weak Normally Repelling Invariant Sets
Smith, Hal
Lyapunov Exponents and Uniform Weak Normally Repelling Invariant Sets Paul Leonard Salceanu and Hal repelling in directions normal to the boundary in which M resides provided all normal Lyapunov exponents that Lyapunov exponents can be used to establish the requisite repelling properties for both discrete
Comprehensive, Multi-Source Cyber-Security Data Set
DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]
Kent, Alexander D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
This data set represents 58 consecutive days of de-identified event data collected from five sources within Los Alamos National Laboratory’s corporate, internal computer network. The data sources include Windows-based authentication events from both individual computers and centralized Active Directory domain controller servers; process start and stop events from individual Windows computers; Domain Name Service (DNS) lookups as collected on internal DNS servers; network flow data as collected on at several key router locations; and a set of well-defined red teaming events that present bad behavior within the 58 days. In total, the data set is approximately 12 gigabytes compressed across the five data elements and presents 1,648,275,307 events in total for 12,425 users, 17,684 computers, and 62,974 processes. Specific users that are well known system related (SYSTEM, Local Service) were not de-identified though any well-known administrators account were still de-identified. In the network flow data, well-known ports (e.g. 80, 443, etc) were not de-identified. All other users, computers, process, ports, times, and other details were de-identified as a unified set across all the data elements (e.g. U1 is the same U1 in all of the data). The specific timeframe used is not disclosed for security purposes. In addition, no data that allows association outside of LANL’s network is included. All data starts with a time epoch of 1 using a time resolution of 1 second. In the authentication data, failed authentication events are only included for users that had a successful authentication event somewhere within the data set.
Kay, Mark A.
CVICU Post Op Bed Set-up Protocol 1. The CVICU will be responsible for setting up post op bed for patients coming from the OR. Set up will include: · Hot bed with a monitor shelf, IV poles for 6 syringe set up. If the receiving nurse is not available, the charge nurse will be responsible for delegating