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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Integrate Real-Time Weather with Thermostat Electrical Usage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Xiufeng Pang Weather and its dynamics are big drivers of energy usage. Integration of key weather variables - solar, wind, and temperature - into home energy management and demand...

2

The impact of thermostat performance on energy consumption and occupant comfort in residential electric heating systems  

SciTech Connect

A digital computer simulation was used to compare the energy consumption and comfort of an electric baseboard heating system using high performance thermostats (low droop, fast cycling) to that of the same system using poorer performing thermostats (high droop, slow cycling, such as many line voltage types). Since a thermostat which allows the controlled temperature to fall below the setpoint will obviously cause less energy consumption than a thermostat which maintains the controlled temperature closer to the setpoint, the key hypothesis of this study was that the user will reset the thermostat setpoint in some fashion during the heating season to obtain acceptable conditions for all heating loads. The major assumption of this study, therefore, was the mode of this ''user-thermostat interaction''. For every case in which the simulated ''user'' could intervene, the energy consumption using high performance thermostats was found to be less, while a greater degree of comfort was maintained, than systems using poorer performing thermostats. Energy savings ranged from 2% to 18% depending upon the mode of user interaction simulated. Where energy savings were small, the ''user'' was resetting the poorly performing thermostat as often as twice a day; i.e., the ''user'' was performing the function of a better performing thermostat.

Benton, R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Control Strategies of Thermostatically Controlled Appliances in a Competitive Electricity Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the setpoint-control strategies for thermostatically controlled appliances (TCAs) in a competitive electricity market with electric water heater used as an example. By varying the TCA thermostat settings, the TCA power consumption can be shifted from the high-price period to the low-price period to reduce the peak-load and energy cost. Economic benefits and impacts on distribution feeder load shapes when applying different setpoint-control strategies are studied.

Lu, Ning; Katipamula, Srinivas

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

4

Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage Patterns Title Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage Patterns Publication Type Journal Article Year of...

5

Residential Programmable Communicating Thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residential programmable communicating thermostats (PCTs) enable demand response and offer a convenient energy management option for the consumer. PCTs allow customers to program and control temperature set-points remotely, primarily through the Internet. Additionally, some of these thermostats can be remotely controlled by utilities or third parties to curtail heating and cooling loads during periods of peak electricity demand. This Technology Brief, prepared for the Energy Efficiency Initiative, presen...

2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

6

Thermostat Metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...A thermostat metal is a composite material (usually in the form of sheet or strip) that consists of two or more materials bonded together, of which one can be a nonmetal. Because the materials bonded together to form the composite differ in

7

Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage Patterns Speaker(s): Rich Brown Date: May 16, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Was explosive growth in electricity...

8

Developments in line-voltage thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thermostat that provides reliable, accurate temperature control is the key to a comfortable, efficient space-heating system. The lack of a commercially available line-voltage thermostat that is affordable and performs well has been a significant factor in limiting the comfort and popularity of zoned residential electric heating systems. With EPRI support, two manufacturers have developed innovative, electronics-based line-voltage thermostats that offer a cost-effective control option for creating a comfortable environment with zoned electric heat. These thermostats also may help reduce energy consumption.

Kesselring, J.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report investigates the history of thermostats to better understand the context and legacy regarding the development of this important tool, as well as thermostats' relationships to heating, cooling, and other environmental controls. We analyze the architecture, interfaces, and modes of interaction used by different types of thermostats. For over sixty years, home thermostats have translated occupants' temperature preferences into heating and cooling system operations. In this position of an intermediary, the millions of residential thermostats control almost half of household energy use, which corresponds to about 10percent of the nation's total energy use. Thermostats are currently undergoing rapid development in response to emerging technologies, new consumer and utility demands, and declining manufacturing costs. Energy-efficient homes require more careful balancing of comfort, energy consumption, and health. At the same time, new capabilities will be added to thermostats, including scheduling, control of humidity and ventilation, responsiveness to dynamic electricity prices, and the ability to join communication networks inside homes. Recent studies have found that as many as 50percent of residential programmable thermostats are in permanent"hold" status. Other evaluations found that homes with programmable thermostats consumed more energy than those relying on manual thermostats. Occupants find thermostats cryptic and baffling to operate because manufacturers often rely on obscure, and sometimes even contradictory, terms, symbols, procedures, and icons. It appears that many people are unable to fully exploit even the basic features in today's programmable thermostats, such as setting heating and cooling schedules. It is important that people can easily, reliably, and confidently operate thermostats in their homes so as to remain comfortable while minimizing energy use.

Meier, Alan; Peffer, Therese; Pritoni, Marco; Aragon, Cecilia

2010-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

10

Energy management system with programmable thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An electronic system and method including a user programmable thermostat for measuring temperature at the situs of the measurement unit and for signaling and controlling a remotely located energy controller which is connected to the programmable thermostat. By utilizing a multiplexed signal communication channel between the programmable thermostat and the energy controller, the energy controller activates preselected energy using units which may, for example, include a furnace and air conditioning units for controlling the temperature at the measurement unit situs and a power shedder unit for shedding energy usage to conserve energy all in accordance with a user provided program.

Stewart, J.T.

1983-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

11

Thermostats | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermostats Thermostats Thermostats November 26, 2013 - 2:17pm Addthis A digital programmable thermostat set for energy savings during the heating season can save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/burwellphotography A digital programmable thermostat set for energy savings during the heating season can save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/burwellphotography You can save money on your heating and cooling bills by simply resetting your thermostat when you are asleep or away from home. You can do this automatically without sacrificing comfort by installing an automatic setback or programmable thermostat. Using a programmable thermostat, you can adjust the times you turn on the heating or air-conditioning according to a pre-set schedule. Programmable

12

Thermostats | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermostats Thermostats Thermostats November 26, 2013 - 2:17pm Addthis A digital programmable thermostat set for energy savings during the heating season can save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/burwellphotography A digital programmable thermostat set for energy savings during the heating season can save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/burwellphotography You can save money on your heating and cooling bills by simply resetting your thermostat when you are asleep or away from home. You can do this automatically without sacrificing comfort by installing an automatic setback or programmable thermostat. Using a programmable thermostat, you can adjust the times you turn on the heating or air-conditioning according to a pre-set schedule. Programmable

13

Kansas City Power & Light- Energy Optimizer Programmable Thermostat Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Kansas City Power and Light (KCP&L) offers a free Honeywell programmable thermostat, worth $300, and free installation to qualifying customers to manage energy usage. Only residential and small...

14

Kansas City Power and Light- Energy Optimizer Programmable Thermostat Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Kansas City Power and Light (KCP&L) offers a free Honeywell programmable thermostat, worth $300, and free installation to qualifying customers to manage energy usage. Only residential and small...

15

Thermostats | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

thermostat set for energy savings during the heating season can save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of iStockphotoburwellphotography A digital programmable...

16

Energy saving thermostat  

SciTech Connect

A thermostat device is disclosed for motels/hotels requiring the guest to use a key to select a desired room temperature which in turn requires that the thermostat must be set back to a preset temperature when guest desires to lock the door to his motel/hotel room upon leaving the room.

Fodera, A.W.

1983-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

17

Energy Usage Evaluation and Condition Monitoring for Electric Machines using Wireless Sensor Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy usage evaluation and condition monitoring for electric machines are important in industry for overall energy savings. Traditionally these functions are realized only for large (more)

Lu, Bin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

List of Programmable Thermostats Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermostats Incentives Thermostats Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 525 Programmable Thermostats Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-525) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Appalachian Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebate Programs (West Virginia) Utility Rebate Program West Virginia Commercial Industrial Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Programmable Thermostats Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Ground Source Heat Pumps Yes AEP Ohio (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Residential Building Insulation Ceiling Fan Central Air conditioners

19

Two terminal line voltage thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two terminal line voltage thermostat includes a switch which effectively connects line voltage to a heater load. The entire process is controlled by an integrated circuit microcontroller which is powered by a rectified voltage from a transformer secondary connected to a primary which is in series with the heater load. Backup battery power is provided to maintain limited functions of the microcontroller in the event of overall power loss. The microcontroller is programmed to meet the temperature sensing and control requirements specific to a two terminal electric baseboard heating installation. 7 figs.

Stalsberg, K.J.; Ingalls, J.E.; Hoglund, S.R.

1995-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

20

Energy saving thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An energy saving thermostat adapted to be connected to a remote temperature conditioning apparatus for controlling the temperature of air in a space maintains a first temperature during a first time period and a second energy saving temperature during other time periods of the day. The thermostat has a visual indicating means so that when a manually settable switch is pushed, a time interval counter means is energized for indicating and storing a series of pulses each indicative of an hour of setback time into a storage means. The thermostat also has a review button for reviewing the stored time by pulsing the visual indicating means for the number of hours of the time period energy saving temperature.

Adams, J.T.; Kompelien, A.D.; Nelson, M.D.; Pinckaers, B.H.

1982-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Water heater with an improved thermostat mounting and a method of making such water heaters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improvement in an electric water heater is described comprising: a non-metallic tank, a cold water inlet, a hot water outlet, an electrical heating means adapted to heat a body of water contained in the tank and a thermostat having a sensing face with a given area controlling the flow of electric current to the heating means, the improvement comprising a thermally conductive thermostat mounting plate having a surface area substantially larger than the sensing face given area in direct contact with the tank and a thermostat retention means releasably holding the thermostat in contact with the thermostat mounting plate.

Moore, H.J.; Deneau, M.E.

1993-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

22

Field Evaluation of Programmable Thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prior research suggests that poor programmable thermostats usability may prevent their effective use to save energy. We hypothesized that home occupants with a high-usability thermostats would be more likely to use them to save energy than people with a basic thermostat. We randomly installed a high-usability thermostat in half the 77 apartments of an affordable housing complex, installing a basic thermostat in the other half. During the heating season, we collected space temperature and furnace on-off data to evaluate occupant interaction with the thermostats, foremost nighttime setbacks. We found that thermostat usability did not influence energy-saving behaviors, finding no significant difference in temperature maintained among apartments with high- and low-usability thermostats.

Sachs, O.; Tiefenbeck, V.; Duvier, C.; Qin, A.; Cheney, K.; Akers, C.; Roth, K.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Fuel heater thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thermostat is described for fuel heaters wherein the fuel is heated by engine coolant and the thermostat comprises: a temperature sensing means for sensing the temperature of fuel in the fuel heater, the temperature sensing means in contacting relation with the first end of a coolant flow restricting piston, the piston having a second end in contacting relation with a pressure means wherein the temperature sensing means and the pressure means assert opposing forces against the piston and the piston in response to an increase in force from the temperature sensing means will restrict the flow of coolant through the fuel heater, and the piston further having a bleed port therein to allow coolant to flow to the first and second ends of the piston.

Ray, D.A.

1989-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

24

DND: a model for forecasting electrical energy usage by water-resource subregion  

SciTech Connect

A forecast methodology was derived from principles of econometrics using exogenous variables, i.e., cost of electricity, consumer income, and price elasticity as indicators of growth for each consuming sector: residential, commercial, and industrial. The model was calibrated using forecast data submitted to the Department of Energy (DOE) by the nine Regional Electric Reliability Councils. Estimates on electrical energy usage by specific water-resource subregion were obtained by normalizing forecasted total electrical energy usage by state into per capita usage. The usage factor and data on forecasted population were applied for each water resource subregion. The results derived using the model are self-consistent and in good agreement with DOE Energy Information Administration projections. The differences that exist are largely the result of assumptions regarding specific aggregations and assignment of regional-system reliability and load factors. 8 references, 2 figures, 13 tables.

Sonnichsen, J.C. Jr.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Programmable Communicating Thermostats: Proliphix Internet Thermostat NT20e  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This assessment is of a PCT (model NT20e) from the Basic Series line of network thermostats made by Proliphix.

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

26

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the cost Presence of alternative heating/cooling devices notAlternative definition of elements in Thermostat .46 Introduction Thermostats have controlled heating and cooling

Meier, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Electric household equipment and electric fuel usage in the Tri-State Region and the United States: 1960-70. Working paper  

SciTech Connect

The possible impact of areawide residential location policy on future residential electricity usage in the Tri-State Metropolitan Region centering on New York City is investigated. This report is concerned with selected residential electric appliance usage in the Tri-State Region as compared with usage of these appliances across the United States between 1960 and 1970. Included are tabular representations of comparisons between residential air conditioner usage in the Tri-State Region and the United States. Tabular comparisons also are made with respect to residential appliance usage and electric fuel usage.

Hillman, B.

1973-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Replacement element for automobile thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a thermostat replacement element for use in a cooling system in which a continuous stream of coolant normally flows from a radiator through a thermostat to an engine. The thermostat is mounted within a mounting cavity and permits maximum flow of coolant through the cooling system when in an open position. The replacement element comprises a disc-shaped member having a diameter substantially corresponding to the diameter of the mounting cavity. The member is provided with apertures of a predetermined size to permit flow of coolant therethrough at a rate generally corresponding to the rate of flow of coolant through the thermostat when the thermostat is in an open position.

Ferrari, W.

1988-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

29

Residential hot water usage: A review of published metered studies. Topical report, August-December 1994  

SciTech Connect

The report presents a review of residential hot water usage studies. The studies included were published and publicly available, they measured actual hot water usage or energy usage, and they had sufficient demographic information to determine the number of people per household. The available hot water usage data were normalized to a 135 F setpoint temperature to eliminate the variations in usage caused by different water heater thermostat settings. Typical hot water usage as a function of family size was determined from linear regression analyses of the normalized metered studies` data points. A national average hot water usage of 53 gallons per day was determined from the regression analyses and census data on average household size. The review of metered studies also shows that there is no discernible difference in hot water usage for households with either electric or gas water heaters.

Paul, D.D.; Ide, B.E.; Hartford, P.A.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Learning policies for battery usage optimization in electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high cost, limited capacity, and long recharge time of batteries pose a number of obstacles for the widespread adoption of electric vehicles. Multi-battery systems that combine a standard battery with supercapacitors are currently one of the most ...

Stefano Ermon; Yexiang Xue; Carla Gomes; Bart Selman

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

De-icing thermostat for air conditioners  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an electronic thermostat adapted to be connected to an air-cooling apparatus to control the operative state of the apparatus. The thermostat includes a means for generating a digital electrical signal representative of a desired temperature setpoint and means for generating a digital electrical signal representative of the ambient temperature at the thermostat. The improvement described here comprises: means for generating control signals for the aircooling apparatus in order to inhibit the accumulation of ice on the cooling element of the air-cooling apparatus when the ambient temperature is above the temperature setpoint; means, responsive to the control signals, for deenergizing the compressor in the air-cooling apparatus for a first preselected period of time whenever the compressor is determined to have run continuously for a second preselected period of time; and means for adaptively adjusting the length of at least one of the first or second preselected periods of time as a function of the change in the rate of change of the ambient temperature.

Levine, M.R.

1986-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

32

Electricity Use in California: Past Trends and Present Usage Patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; thus, it includes loads served by self-generation. System peak load is measured at the power plant-use. We examine the growth in electricity demand between 1980 and 2000, as well as the composition in California in the 1990s did not grow explosively, nor was the amount of growth unanticipated. In both

33

Determinants of residential electrical appliance usage in the Tri-State Region, 1960-1970: a regression study. Working paper  

SciTech Connect

The possible impact of areawide residential location policy on future residential electricity usage in the Tri-State Metropolitan Region centering on New York City is investigated. This study was undertaken to assess residential electricity usage, particularly electrical appliance use, in the residential sector of the New York Metropolitan area from 1960 to 1970. The attempts to choose and quantify the contribution of various determinants of electrical appliance usage using multiple regression analyses has been relatively successful. In addition, these results were compared with 1960 and 1970 data in an effort to establish a degree of consistency over time. The implications of the findings here point toward two complementary institutions for change: urban planning and public administration. The relationship between single family structures and high energy usage argue strongly for more dense communities, while price elasticities can be used by regulators to control electrical usage.

Stone, B.

1974-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Thermostat Wars | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermostat Wars Thermostat Wars Thermostat Wars August 3, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Drew Bittner Web Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The other day, I was visiting a friend's office and noticed something you may have noticed yourself: his building had a variety of micro-climates, ranging from the furnace hot to the freezing cold. The offices with windows that faced south and west were hottest, while offices with windows facing north and east were cooler-and the offices without windows were, on average, about as comfortable as your refrigerator. This is an artifact of building construction from the early days of air conditioning and central heating. It's "one climate fits all" thinking, which would be fine if every office had identical solar heat gain,

35

Winter Energy Savings from Lower Thermostat Settings  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This discussion provides details on the effect of lowering thermostat settings during the winter heating months of 1997.

Information Center

2000-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

36

Thermostat for neutron-diffraction apparatus  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a thermostat which has been designed for neutron-diffraction studies. The thermostat does not introduce any distortions into the beam of neutrons diffracted from the specimen. The range of operating temperatures is 300-1300 degrees K and the vacuum is 10/sup -6/ torr. The thermostat permits liquid, solid, and amorphous specimens to be studied.

Kozlov, E.N.; Nikolaev, V.O.; Skovorod'ko, S.N.; Tsirkunova, S.E.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

How People Actually Use Thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residential thermostats have been a key element in controlling heating and cooling systems for over sixty years. However, today's modern programmable thermostats (PTs) are complicated and difficult for users to understand, leading to errors in operation and wasted energy. Four separate tests of usability were conducted in preparation for a larger study. These tests included personal interviews, an on-line survey, photographing actual thermostat settings, and measurements of ability to accomplish four tasks related to effective use of a PT. The interviews revealed that many occupants used the PT as an on-off switch and most demonstrated little knowledge of how to operate it. The on-line survey found that 89% of the respondents rarely or never used the PT to set a weekday or weekend program. The photographic survey (in low income homes) found that only 30% of the PTs were actually programmed. In the usability test, we found that we could quantify the difference in usability of two PTs as measured in time to accomplish tasks. Users accomplished the tasks in consistently shorter times with the touchscreen unit than with buttons. None of these studies are representative of the entire population of users but, together, they illustrate the importance of improving user interfaces in PTs.

Meier, Alan; Aragon, Cecilia; Hurwitz, Becky; Mujumdar, Dhawal; Peffer, Therese; Perry, Daniel; Pritoni, Marco

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

38

Usage of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment Along the Corridors between the EV Project Major Cities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The report explains how the EVSE are being used along the corridors between the EV Project cities. The EV Project consists of a nationwide collaboration between Idaho National Laboratory (INL), ECOtality North America, Nissan, General Motors, and more than 40 other city, regional and state governments, and electric utilities. The purpose of the EV Project is to demonstrate the deployment and use of approximately 14,000 Level II (208-240V) electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and 300 fast chargers in 16 major cities. This research investigates the usage of all currently installed EV Project commercial EVSE along major interstate corridors. ESRI ArcMap software products are utilized to create geographic EVSE data layers for analysis and visualization of commercial EVSE usage. This research locates the crucial interstate corridors lacking sufficient commercial EVSE and targets locations for future commercial EVSE placement. The results and methods introduced in this research will be used by INL for the duration of the EV Project.

Mindy Kirkpatrick

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Tips: Programmable Thermostats | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Programmable Thermostats Programmable Thermostats Tips: Programmable Thermostats May 30, 2012 - 5:33pm Addthis Cool Summer Tip: In the summer, save money by automatically turning up the air conditioner at night or when you're away from home. Cool Summer Tip: In the summer, save money by automatically turning up the air conditioner at night or when you're away from home. Hot Winter Tip: Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home. Hot Winter Tip: Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home. Cool Summer Tip: In the summer, save money by automatically turning up the air conditioner at night or when you're away from home. Hot Winter Tip: Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home.

40

Thermostat response and room temperature control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article examines the impact to thermal comfort of the operation of the room thermostat. The topics of the article include types of thermostat response, reset response, proportional response, digital systems, system response, verification of building temperatures, thermal comfort analysis, and productivity costs of implementing mandated setpoints.

Int-Hout, D. (Carrier Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes results of a literature review, a workshop, and many meetings with demand response and thermostat researchers and implementers. The information obtained from these resources was used to identify key issues of thermostat performance from both energy savings and peak demand perspectives. A research plan was developed to address these issues and activities have already begun to pursue the research agenda.

Meier, Alan K.; Walker, Iain

2008-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

42

Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy June 25, 2012 - 6:14pm Addthis Kristin Swineford Communication...

43

Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings December 23, 2008 - 4:00am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL Did you know...

44

Residential Thermostats: Comfort Controls in California Homes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Thermostats: Comfort Controls in California Homes Residential Thermostats: Comfort Controls in California Homes Title Residential Thermostats: Comfort Controls in California Homes Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-938e Year of Publication 2008 Authors Walker, Iain S., and Alan K. Meier Keywords demand response and distributed energy resources center, demand response research center, home networks & controls Abstract This report summarizes results of a literature review, a workshop, and many meetings with demand response and thermostat researchers and implementers. The information obtained from these resources was used to identify key issues of thermostat performance from both energy savings and peak demand perspectives. A research plan was developed to address these issues and activities have already begun to pursue the research agenda.

45

Phonostat: Thermostatting phonons in molecular dynamics simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermostat algorithms in a molecular dynamics simulation maintain an average temperature of a system by regulating the atomic velocities rather than the internal degrees of freedom. Herein, we present a phonostat algorithm ...

Raghunathan, Rajamani

46

Electric  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Retail Price of Electricity to ... Period Residential Commercial Industrial ... or usage falling within specified limits by rate ...

47

Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings Program Your Thermostat for Automatic Savings December 23, 2008 - 4:00am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL Did you know that you can save around 10% a year on your heating and cooling bills by simply turning your thermostat back 10°-15°F for eight hours? Sounds great, but I know when I'm rushing out the door, the last thing on my mind is turning down the thermostat. Luckily, programmable thermostats make it easy to save without much effort. In fact, once you get the thermostat installed and programmed to your schedule, you can stop thinking about it; your home is programmed to save. First, decide what to set your thermostat at when you are home and awake; 68°F is a good guideline in the winter. From there, program the thermostat

48

Guidelines for Energy Cost Savings Resulting from Tracking and Monitoring Electrical nad Natural Gas Usage, Cost, and Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses how improved energy information in schools and hospitals from tracking and monitoring electrical and natural gas usage, cost, and optional rate structures, can reduce energy costs. Recommendations, methods, and guidelines for monitoring and tracking of utilities are provided. These recommendations, methods, and guidelines are the result of on-site work for schools and hospitals . Recently completed energy usage survey and observations of several hospitals in Texas are included. Opportunities exist for schools, hospitals, and other buildings t o achieve significant dollar savings by good utility management. Understanding utility rate structures is essential for minimizing energy costs. The authors' data is for Texas schools and hospitals, but the principles presented apply to other geographic areas.

McClure, J. D.; Estes, M. C.; Estes, J. M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

A parallel Lowe-Andersen thermostat for soft matter simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulating colloidal dynamics, with solvent mediated hydrodynamics interactions, is a challenging task. The traditional approach is to use Dissipative Particle Dynamics thermostat and soft interactions. However this can yield only low Schmidt number ... Keywords: MPI programing, molecular dynamics, thermostats

K. R. Prathyusha; P. B. Sunil Kumar

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Opower Thermostat App | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Opower Thermostat App Opower Thermostat App Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Social Opower Agency/Company /Organization: Opower Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Mobile Device Website: thermostat.opower.com/ Country: United States Web Application Link: thermostat.opower.com/ Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 38.8911837°, -77.0838797° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8911837,"lon":-77.0838797,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

51

Mounting assembly for heater thermostat control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes an assembly for mounting a thermostat control on the outer wall of a heater tank including an external spud in which a heating element is mounted. The mounting assembly comprises: a first bracket made from a spring material and including a body having an opening adapted to lockingly fit over the tank spud. The first bracket further includes a pair of laterally-spaced legs extending from the body and having a bent upper end portion adapted to apply spring pressure toward the tank outer wall when the first bracket is locked on the tank spud. Each of the legs includes in the upper end portion an elongated slot having an upper end; a second bracket carrying the thermostat control and having a pair of laterally -spaced, upstanding ears adapted to fit beneath the upper end portions of the legs. Each of the ears includes a nib received in a slot for interlocking the first and the second brackets and having an upper edge adapted to engage the upper end of the slot and cooperate therewith to urge the thermostat control into firmer contact with the tank outer wall in response to upward vertical movement of the second bracket relative to the first bracket; and the assembly further characterized by a retaining lip on the first bracket, the lip located between the legs and positioned to bear against the end wall of the thermostat control when the parts are in assembled position and an outward horizontal load is applied.

Murphy, M.A.

1987-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

52

Annotated compilation of the sources of information related to the usage of electricity in non-industrial applications. [Includes about 400 abstracts and glossary  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a thorough compilation of the sources of information related to the usage of electricity in non-industrial applications, as available in the open literature and from the U.S. electrical power industry. The report's scope encompasses all aspects of: electric load management; end use; and the various methods of acquisition, analysis and implementation of electricity usage data. There are over 400 abstracts; 156 from the Load Research Committee of Association of Edison Illuminating Companies (LRC/AEIC) reports and 264 from the open literature. The abstracts over references containing over 12,000 pages plus about 2,500 references and 6,200 graphs and tables pertinent to electricity usage in non-industrial applications. In addition to the LRC/AEIC abstracts, this document identifies over 100 sources of directly relevant information (in contrast to general interest sources and material of secondary relevance).

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

An annotated compilation of the sources of information related to the usage of electricity in non-industrial applications. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The report is a thorough compilation of the sources of information related to the usage of electricity in non-industrial applications, as available in the open literature and from the U.S. electrical power industry. The report's scope encompasses all aspects of: electric load management; end-use; and the various methods of acquisition, analysis, and implementation of electricity usage data. There are over 400 abstracts; 156 from LRC/AEIC reports, and 264 from the open literature. The abstracts cover references containing over 12,000 pages plus about 2,500 references and 6,200 graphs and tables pertinent to electricity usage in non-industrial applications. In addition to the LRC/AEIC abstracts, this document identifies over 100 sources of directly relevant information (in contrast to general interest sources and material of secondary relevance).

Reznek, B.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

The Load Leveling Approach to Removing Appliance Features from Home Electricity Usage Profiles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??For the past twenty years, researchers have developed a class of algorithms that are capable of disaggregating a residential electric load into its set of (more)

McLaughlin, Stephen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

From the Optimizing Thermostat to a Smart Energy Management System: Models,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From the Optimizing Thermostat to a Smart Energy Management System: Models, From the Optimizing Thermostat to a Smart Energy Management System: Models, Benchmark, and Insights Speaker(s): Yong Liang Date: May 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page Nowadays, users in the retail electricity market only need to pay a fixed rate for electricity. This strategy results in lack of coordination between demand and supply and costs significant waste. A shift from fixed rate pricing in retail markets could potentially yield many benefits. Time-varying pricing promotes the substitution of off-peak consumption for peak consumption, reducing strain on the electrical system, the need for costly and inefficient "peaker" plants, and waste in electricity delivery. However, existing research supports what common sense suggests:

56

Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! Training Your Thermostat to Save Money... and Energy! June 25, 2012 - 6:14pm Addthis Kristin Swineford Communication Specialist, Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Many of us know that during the summer, temperatures aren't the only thing skyrocketing -- our energy bills usually also reach record highs due to the cooling measures required to keep ourselves, our pets, and even some of our household items comfortable. We've talked before about properly setting thermostats, especially programmable thermostats to maintain the appropriate settings while you're home, asleep or away. I've witnessed the results achieved when a regular thermostat is replaced with one that allows you to adjust the times you turn on the heating or

57

What Do You Set Your Thermostat to? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Set Your Thermostat to? Set Your Thermostat to? What Do You Set Your Thermostat to? June 29, 2012 - 6:29pm Addthis Earlier this week, Kristin was telling us how you can use a programmable thermostat to save money when you're not at home. This is an easy trick that's useful in the winter as well as the summer, and can always help save you some money. Why heat or cool your house when you're not there? So this week, we'd like to know: What temperature do you set your thermostat to in the summer? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles What Are Your Top Tips for Saving Energy? At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer?

58

Present coal potential of Turkey and coal usage in electricity generation  

SciTech Connect

Total coal reserve (hard coal + lignite) in the world is 984 billion tons. While hard coal constitutes 52% of the total reserve, lignite constitutes 48% of it. Turkey has only 0.1% of world hard coal reserve and 1.5% of world lignite reserves. Turkey has 9th order in lignite reserve, 8th order in lignite production, and 12th order in total coal (hard coal and lignite) consumption. While hard coal production meets only 13% of its consumption, lignite production meets lignite consumption in Turkey. Sixty-five percent of produced hard coal and 78% of produced lignite are used for electricity generation. Lignites are generally used for electricity generation due to their low quality. As of 2003, total installed capacity of Turkey was 35,587 MW, 19% (6,774 MW) of which is produced from coal-based thermal power plants. Recently, use of natural gas in electricity generation has increased. While the share of coal in electricity generation was about 50% for 1986, it is replaced by natural gas today.

Yilmaz, A.O. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Mining Engineering Department

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Thermostat having simple battery level detection  

SciTech Connect

In a thermostat for controlling HVAC equipment having a battery, the battery having a power level, battery testing means is described, comprising: a time base generator producing a first signal having a frequency substantially independent of the power level; an oscillator producing a second signal having a frequency substantially dependent upon the power level: a comparator connected to the time base generator and the oscillator, the comparator shutting off the HVAC equipment if the first and second signals are not in a pre-determined relationship.

Adams, J.T.

1993-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

60

A Study of the Electrical Energy Usage Patterns of a Texas Dairy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A one-year study was done on a modern dairy operation located in Hopkins County, Texas to determine the load patterns and total energy use of the major electrical loads in the dairy. It was found that the vacuum pumps for the milking machines consumed the most energy, followed by the water heater and milk coolers. Consumption for water heating and milk cooling was found to vary seasonally. Peak demands for the dairy occurred at 6 a.m. and 5 p.m. throughout the year during the morning and afternoon milkings. The morning peak occurred two hours prior to Texas Power & Light Company's winter peak hour, and the evening peak is coincident with TP&L's summer peak hour. It was estimated that a savings of approximately 33% on water heating kWh was attained through a waste heat recovery system connected to the milk coolers. The water heating load was found to have the highest load factor coincident with TP&L's summer peak of any of the loads monitored.

Schneider, K. C.; Pollard, K. W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Modeling and control of thermostatically controlled loads  

SciTech Connect

As the penetration of intermittent energy sources grows substantially, loads will be required to play an increasingly important role in compensating the fast time-scale fluctuations in generated power. Recent numerical modeling of thermostatically controlled loads (TCLs) has demonstrated that such load following is feasible, but analytical models that satisfactorily quantify the aggregate power consumption of a group of TCLs are desired to enable controller design. We develop such a model for the aggregate power response of a homogeneous population of TCLs to uniform variation of all TCL setpoints. A linearized model of the response is derived, and a linear quadratic regulator (LQR) has been designed. Using the TCL setpoint as the control input, the LQR enables aggregate power to track reference signals that exhibit step, ramp and sinusoidal variations. Although much of the work assumes a homogeneous population of TCLs with deterministic dynamics, we also propose a method for probing the dynamics of systems where load characteristics are not well known.

Backhaus, Scott N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sinitsyn, Nikolai [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kundu, S. [UNIV OF MICHIGAN; Hiskens, I. [UNIV OF MICHIGAN

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

62

A climatic thermostat making Earth habitable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mean surface temperature on Earth and other planets with atmospheres is determined by the radiative balance between the non-reflected incoming solar radiation and the outgoing long-wave black-body radiation from the atmosphere. The surface temperature is higher than the black-body temperature due to the greenhouse warming. Balancing the ice-albedo cooling and the greenhouse warming gives rise to two stable climate states. A cold climate state with a completelyice-covered planet, called Snowball Earth, and a warm state similar to our present climate where greenhouse warming prevents the total glacition. The warm state has dominated Earth in most of its geological history despite a 30 % fainter young Sun. The warming could have been controlled by a greenhouse thermostat operating by temperature control of the weathering process depleting the atmosphere from $CO_2$. This temperature control has permitted life to evolve as early as the end of the heavy bombartment 4 billion years ago.

Peter D. Ditlevsen

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

63

Facilitating Energy Savings through Enhanced Usability of Thermostats  

SciTech Connect

Residential thermostats play a key role in controlling heating and cooling systems. Occupants often find the controls of programmable thermostats confusing, sometimes leading to higher heating consumption than when the buildings are controlled manually. A high degree of usability is vital to a programmable thermostat's effectiveness because, unlike a more efficient heating system, occupants must engage in specific actions after installation to obtain energy savings. We developed a procedure for measuring the usability of thermostats and tested this methodology with 31 subjects on five thermostats. The procedure requires first identifying representative tasks associated with the device and then testing the subjects ability to accomplish those tasks. The procedure was able to demonstrate the subjects wide ability to accomplish tasks and the influence of a device's usability on success rates. A metric based on the time to accomplish the tasks and the fraction of subjects actually completing the tasks captured the key aspects of each thermostat's usability. The procedure was recently adopted by the Energy Star Program for its thermostat specification. The approach appears suitable for quantifying usability of controls in other products, such as heat pump water heaters and commercial lighting.

Meier, Alan; Aragon, Cecilia; Peffer, Therese; Perry, Daniel; Pritoni, Marco

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

64

Modeling Uncertainties in Aggregated Thermostatically Controlled Loads Using a State Queueing Model  

SciTech Connect

Abstract To study the impacts of price responsive demand on the electric power system, requires better load models. This paper discusses the modeling of uncertainties in aggregated thermostatically controlled loads using a state queueing (SQ) model. The cycling times of thermostatically controlled appliances (TCAs) vary with the TCA types and sizes, as well as the ambient temperatures. The random consumption of consumers, which besides phase shifting, shortens or prolongs a specific TCA cycling period, introduces another degree of uncertainty. By modifying the state transition matrix, these random factors can be taken into account in a discrete SQ model. The impacts of considering load diversity in the SQ model on simulating TCA setpoint response are also studied.

Lu, Ning; Chassin, David P.; Widergren, Steven E.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Usage Demographics 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NERSC Usage Demographics 2010 Academic Usage Usage by Discipline DOE & Other Lab Usage Usage by Institution Type Last edited: 2012-10-30 13:51:35...

66

A Thermostat Fuzzy Control System Based on MCU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thermostat is an automatic temperature control unit, which operating environment is featuring by non-linear, inertial and time-variant. Traditional control can not achieve satisfied performance. As one large embranchment of non-linear control, fuzzy ...

Chenluan Wang

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Energy, Carbon-emission and Financial Savings from Thermostat Control  

SciTech Connect

Among the easiest approaches to energy, and cost, savings for most people is the adjustment of thermostats to save energy. Here we estimate savings of energy, carbon, and money in the United States of America (USA) that would result from adjusting thermostats in residential and commercial buildings by about half a degree Celsius downward during the heating season and upward during the cooling season. To obtain as small a unit as possible, and therefore the least likely to be noticeable by most people, we selected an adjustment of one degree Fahrenheit (0.56 degree Celsius) which is the gradation used almost exclusively on thermostats in the USA and is the smallest unit of temperature that has been used historically. Heating and/or cooling of interior building space for personal comfort is sometimes referred to as space conditioning, a term we will use for convenience throughout this work without consideration of humidity. Thermostat adjustment, as we use the term here, applies to thermostats that control the indoor temperature, and not to other thermostats such as those on water heaters. We track emissions of carbon only, rather than of carbon dioxide, because carbon atoms change atomic partners as they move through the carbon cycle, from atmosphere to biosphere or ocean and, on longer time scales, through the rock cycle. To convert a mass of carbon to an equivalent mass of carbon dioxide (thereby including the mass of the 2 oxygen atoms in each molecule) simply multiply by 3.67.

Blasing, T J [ORNL; Schroeder, Dana [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Demand response-enabled residential thermostat controls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the utility. The electricity rates were generated basedat the different electricity rates and the users discomfortrates. Demand response measures have the effect of adding elasticity to the electricity

Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David; Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Demand response-enabled residential thermostat controls.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the utility. The electricity rates were generated basedat the different electricity rates and the users discomfortrates. Demand response measures have the effect of adding elasticity to the electricity

Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.; Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Robotics and Energy Usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is commonly assumed that the use of robots in an industrial plant will cut energy usage, because robots require no heat, light, or air conditioning in their work space. However, in analyzing industrial installations, we have found that, in practice, energy usage may either increase or decrease depending on the parameters of the particular facility. This paper describes our findings at the plants of various manufacturers. We performed on-site studies at plants operated by Chrysler Corporation in St. Louis (62 welding robots) and Franklin Manufacturing Company in St. Cloud, Minnesota (4 spray painting robots used in freezer manufacture), We also examined data on energy effects of robots from John Deere, caterpillar, and GM Guide Division. The effect of robots on electricity usage and other forms of energy usage are analyzed in this paper.

Hershey, R. L.; Fenton, S. E.; Letzt, A. M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy supply tariff (electricity, natural gas, heating or cooling network) READY (to proceed) Industry

Meier, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Brain usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

usage Name: A W Chen Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: For my science fair project I would like to know if every part of the brain is used all the...

73

Brain Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Usage Name: Matt Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: what percentage of the brain does the average human use? Replies: This is a very difficult question to address. Your...

74

Saving energy the easy way: an analysis of thermostat management  

SciTech Connect

We analyzed data on self-reported winter and summer thermostat settings and control strategies that were collected in recent surveys by utility companies, and state and federal energy agencies. We constructed several hypotheses to examine how thermostat management was related to the following occupant-related features: socioeconomic characteristics of occupants (age, education, income, home ownership, and race), building characteristics (house type, size, and age), space conditioning fuel and system, climate, and energy audit programs. We also examined thermostat management over time (during the day, seasonally, and yearly) and analyzed its relationship to energy use. We found that thermostat management (especially during the summer) is not fixed, but varies and is sensitive to some conditions. Certain groups - younger people, better educated individuals, audited households, multi-family households, and residents of warmer climates - reduce energy use at a greater rate than their counterparts. Households lower and raise their thermostats during the day and during different seasons and also shut off their heating and air conditioning systems when their home is unoccupied. In fact, many households reported settings below 68/sup 0/ in the winter and above 78/sup 0/ in the summer, the standard temperatures used in many energy models and programs.

Vine, E.L.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Columbia Gas of Ohio - Programmable Thermostat Rebate Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Columbia Gas of Ohio - Programmable Thermostat Rebate Program Columbia Gas of Ohio - Programmable Thermostat Rebate Program Columbia Gas of Ohio - Programmable Thermostat Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Institutional Nonprofit Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Other Sealing Your Home Ventilation Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate $100,000/project Program Info State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audit: Up to 100% Custom Conservation and Evaluation Measures: Up to 50% Research and Demonstration Measures: Up to 50% Experimental Technologies: Up to 100% Building Commissioning: Up to 50% Provider Columbia Gas of Ohio Columbia Gas of Ohio offers professional Facility/Building Energy Audits to

76

step 1: retrieve usage step 2: convert usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

planet #12;step 2: convert usage data to ghg electricity conversion EPA eGRID database provides state by state data on: lbs CO2 / MWh lbs NOx / MWH eGRID Massachusetts ­ specific conversion factors only

Paulsson, Johan

77

Microsoft Word - DRRC - Residential Thermostats - Final Report...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

software exist to create systems that are integrated with the electricity distribution grid, weather information (via the interweb or radio transmission), other household...

78

Solving the Nose-Hoover thermostat for Nuclear Pasta  

SciTech Connect

At densities just below nuclear saturation density, there may be possible non-uniform spatial configurations of neutron rich matter. In this work we present a calculation using molecular dynamics techniques for a nuclear system interacting via a semiclassical potential depending on both positions and momenta and kept at fixed temperature by using the Nose-Hoover Thermostat.

Perez Garcia, M. Angeles [Departamento de Fisica Fundamental, Universidad de Salamanca, Plaza de la Merced s/n E-37008 Salamanca (Spain)

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

79

Program Your Thermostat for Fall and Winter Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Your Thermostat for Fall and Winter Savings Program Your Thermostat for Fall and Winter Savings Program Your Thermostat for Fall and Winter Savings October 9, 2012 - 4:17pm Q&A At what temperature do you set your thermostat to save energy and money when it's cold outside? Tell Us Addthis Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home. Use a programmable thermostat to automatically turn down the heat at night or when you're away from home. Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL What does this mean for me? Save 5% to 15% a year on your heating bill by setting your thermostat back 10° to 15° for 8 hours at a time. It's been a beautiful fall here in Colorado; 70 and 80 degree days and comfortably cool nights have spoiled us. We haven't had to turn on the heat

80

Variability of Battery Wear in Light Duty Plug-In Electric Vehicles Subject to Ambient Temperature, Battery Size, and Consumer Usage: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Battery wear in plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) is a complex function of ambient temperature, battery size, and disparate usage. Simulations capturing varying ambient temperature profiles, battery sizes, and driving patterns are of great value to battery and vehicle manufacturers. A predictive battery wear model developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory captures the effects of multiple cycling and storage conditions in a representative lithium chemistry. The sensitivity of battery wear rates to ambient conditions, maximum allowable depth-of-discharge, and vehicle miles travelled is explored for two midsize vehicles: a battery electric vehicle (BEV) with a nominal range of 75 mi (121 km) and a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) with a nominal charge-depleting range of 40 mi (64 km). Driving distance distributions represent the variability of vehicle use, both vehicle-to-vehicle and day-to-day. Battery wear over an 8-year period was dominated by ambient conditions for the BEV with capacity fade ranging from 19% to 32% while the PHEV was most sensitive to maximum allowable depth-of-discharge with capacity fade ranging from 16% to 24%. The BEV and PHEV were comparable in terms of petroleum displacement potential after 8 years of service, due to the BEV?s limited utility for accomplishing long trips.

Wood, E.; Neubauer, J.; Brooker, A. D.; Gonder, J.; Smith, K. A.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Usage of Electronic Monograph  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usage of Electronic Monograph. The following table shows the approximate usage of the monograph since April 1998. ...

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

82

At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer? | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer? At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer? At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Summer? June 25, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis You can save 5%-15% on your cooling bills by raising the temperature setting on your thermostat when you are away and don't need cooling. Only lower the setting to 78°F when you are home and need cooling. A programmable thermostat can make it easy to adjust the temperature on a regular schedule. At what temperature do you set your thermostat when you are home and awake in the summer? How about when you're asleep or away? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a topic related to energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments.

83

Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Water  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Water Heaters Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and Solar Water Heaters June 23, 2009 - 12:54pm Addthis Amy Foster Parish Ener-Gee Whiz would like to offer a hearty thanks to all of you who've written in for your great efficiency and renewables related questions. Now, on to some answers! Patti writes: Is it efficient to raise the thermostat in a business when the business is closed during air conditioning season? Ener-Gee Whiz: Your business might be able to save energy-and money-by turning your thermostat up during the cooling season. But how much energy and money you save are largely dependent on how much you set your thermostat back and for how long. The Energy Savers website suggests that

84

Exploring iPhone Usage: The Influence of Socioeconomic Differences on Smartphone Adoption, Usage and Usability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on device usage. Among our findings are that a large number of applications were uninstalled, lower SESExploring iPhone Usage: The Influence of Socioeconomic Differences on Smartphone Adoption, Usage. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2 Dept. of Psychology, Rice University, Houston, TX {rahmati, chad

Zhong, Lin

85

Analysis of Thermostat Design for Vertical Fan Coil Units Within Modern Window-Wall Condominium Suites.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim for this research is to identify the issues with poor thermostat designs in a window-wall condominium suite during cooling season, and to investigate (more)

Ruff, Shawn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A State-Queueing Model of Thermostatically Controlled Appliances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops a new method to analyze the price response of aggregated loads consisting of thermostatically controlled appliances (TCAs). Assuming a perfectly diversified load before the price response, we show that TCA setpoint changes in response to the market price will result in a redistribution of TCAs in on/off states and therefore change the probabilities for a unit to reside in each state. A randomly distributed load can be partially synchronized and the aggregated diversity lost. The lost of the load diversity can then create unexpected dynamics in the aggregated load profile. Raising issues such as restoring load diversity and damping the peak loads are also addressed in the paper.

Lu, Ning; Chassin, David P.

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Use characteristics and mode choice behavior of electric bike users in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by surveying electric bike usage in two large Chineseelectric bikes. Electric bike usage increases with age up tobicycle riders support electric bike usage of bike lanes.

Cherry, Christopher; Cervero, Robert

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Development of a commercial-sector data base and forecasting model for electricity usage and demand. Volume I. Preliminary model specification. [Description of subprograms BEHAV, DEMAND, ECON, ENER, and INGEN  

SciTech Connect

This is the first of twelve major technical reports under the Commission's contract with Hittman Associates. The contract will lead to the development of a data base on commercial space, and the development of a model to forecast electricity usage and demand. This report presents a preliminary specification of the model to be developed. The model being developed combines econometric and engineering approaches, and consists of five subprograms and an overall executing program. The first subprogram forecasts the stock of commercial space, based on employment data and other economic inputs. It also distinguishes among various types of commercial space, and breaks the commercial space into segments according to fuels for various end uses, such as heating, cooling, etc. The second subprogram uses detailed building-survey data to specify a typical, or characteristic building for each unique type of floorspace considered in the study. The third subprogram calculates monthly electricity usage for the typical buildings specified, using standard engineering techniques, and then scales up the electricity use for each building type according to the amount of space, of that type, in the entire building stock. The fourth subprogram performs a similar function, but produces hourly electricity demands, rather than monthly electricity usage. The fifth, and final subprogram adjusts the energy usage and demand values calculated to simulate the impact of certain economic conditions or policy measures. The report presents a flow chart for each subprogram, and a table of inputs and outputs required for each. The logic, structure, flow, and information transfer of each is described.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Thermostat means adaptively controlling the amount of overshoot or undershoot of space temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a clock thermostat adaptively controlling the amount of overshoot or undershoot of space temperature due to changes in the current temperature setpoint of the thermostat means, including: microcomputer means including real time clock and memory; data input means connected to the microcomputer to input a sequence of desired heat and cool control temperature setpoints and times for a desired temperature control by the thermostat; temperature sensor including connection to monitor temperature at the thermostat means; connection means connected to microcomputer to communicate a temperature at sensor means to the microcomputer; thermostat means further including output switch adapted to control heating and cooling equipment by thermostat means; microcomputer means and memory means including overshoot-undershoot correction program means which is operable to adjust a ramprate slope of a current temperature setpoint of thermostat means; overshoot-undershoot correction program and the memory means providing a ramprate slope that reduces an overshoot-undershoot of space temperature due to a change in current temperature setpoint; and overshoot-undershoot correction program means and memory means creating a new ramprate slope after a temperature setpoint change to progressively adjust the ramprate slope of the thermostat to limit the amount of overshoot-undershoot of the space temperature to an acceptable level.

Beckey, T.J.

1987-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

90

Decay and storage of multiparticle entangled states of atoms in collective thermostat  

SciTech Connect

We derive a master equation describing the collective decay of two-level atoms inside a single mode cavity in the dispersive limit. By considering atomic decay in the collective thermostat, we found a decoherence-free subspace of the multiparticle entangled states of the W-like class. We present a scheme for writing and storing these states in collective thermostat.

Basharov, A. M.; Gorbachev, V. N.; Rodichkina, A. A. [Laboratory for Quantum Information and Computation, Aerospace University, St.-Petersburg 190000 Bolshaia Morskaia 67 (Russian Federation)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Brookhaven Logo Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Logo Usage The Correct Usage of the BNL Logo - The following examples picture correct and incorrect use of the Laboratory logo. If you need assistance in using the logo, contact...

92

Context: Usage and Effectiveness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Context: Usage and Effectiveness. US Navy Aircraft Halon 1301 Effectivity Analysis.. Tedeschi, M.; Leach, W.; 1995. ...

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

93

Thinking of Your Thermostat for Savings This Winter | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thinking of Your Thermostat for Savings This Winter Thinking of Your Thermostat for Savings This Winter Thinking of Your Thermostat for Savings This Winter February 28, 2012 - 2:48pm Addthis Amanda McAlpin This has certainly been an unusual winter for most of the country. Warmer temperatures and minimal snowfall totals have many hoping for an early spring. February on the east coast has been like a roller coaster ride, with temperatures plunging one day, then warm enough the next to skip the coat. In my home, I've spent the month trying to predict the ups and downs of the weather by adjusting my heater constantly. It's tempting to leave the thermostat on at a set temperature, so that the room is warm when returning home. Many assume this saves energy, because the heater won't have to work as hard to heat the room to the desired

94

Thermostatted molecular dynamics: How to avoid the Toda demon hidden in Nose-Hoover dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The Nose-Hoover thermostat, which is often used in the hope of modifying molecular dynamics trajectories in order to achieve canonical-ensemble averages, has hidden in it a Toda ``demon,`` which can give rise to unwanted, noncanonical undulations in the instantaneous kinetic temperature. We show how these long-lived oscillations arise from insufficient coupling of the thermostat to the atoms, and give straightforward, practical procedures for avoiding this weak-coupling pathology in isothermal molecular dynamics simulations.

Holian, B.L.; Voter, A.F. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Ravelo, R. [Department of Physics, University of Texas, El Paso, Texas 79968 (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

An analysis of the differences between monitored indoor temperatures and reported thermostat settings  

SciTech Connect

We examined differences in reported winter thermostat settings and monitored temperatures, and contrasted those households with little difference, and those with a substantial difference. This analysis was conducted on households participating in Bonneville Power Administration's Residential Standards Demonstration Program (RSDP) in the Pacific Northwest. The reported thermostat settings were obtained from a survey of RSDP participants, and indoor temperatures were read from special recorders inside the house. 9 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

Vine, E.; Barnes, B.K.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Small Business Demand Response with Communicating Thermostats: SMUD's Summer Solutions Research Pilot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Behavior Change in Energy Usage (presentation). Centerindicated that lowering energy usage between 4 and 7 p.m.about conserving energy usage. A single summary page

Herter, Karen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

APS LOM Shop Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Division XSD Groups Industry Argonne Home Advanced Photon Source APS LOM Shop Usage User Shop Access - Policies and Procedures User Shop Orientation User Shop...

98

Question of the Week: At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Question of the Week: At What Temperature Do You Set Your Question of the Week: At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Winter? Question of the Week: At What Temperature Do You Set Your Thermostat in the Winter? December 11, 2008 - 8:45am Addthis Did you know that you can save energy in the winter by setting the thermostat to 68°F while you're awake and setting it lower while you're asleep or away from home? By turning your thermostat back 10°-15° for 8 hours, you can save about 5%-15% a year on your heating bill-a savings of as much as 1% for each degree if the setback period is eight hours long. At what temperature do you set your thermostat when you are home and awake in the winter? How about when you're asleep or away? E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov.

99

From the Optimizing Thermostat to a Smart Energy Management System...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Janie Page Nowadays, users in the retail electricity market only need to pay a fixed rate for electricity. This strategy results in...

100

Superfund at work: Hazardous waste cleanup efforts nationwide, fall 1992. (American Thermostat Corporation, New York)  

SciTech Connect

EPA's Superfund program decisively mitigated dangerously high levels of toxic chemicals at New York's American Thermostat Corporation (ATC) hazardous waste site. Superfund staff: quickly sampled area drinking wells and treated over 10 million gallons of contaminated ground water; used innovative technologies to reduce on-site soil and ground water contamination; secured a permanent alternate water supply for affected residents; and initiated a public outreach effort which gained support for cleanup activities. The American Thermostat site is a prime example of EPA's commitment to preserve the health and welfare of citizens and the environment.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Energy usage in super markets  

SciTech Connect

The supermarket industry used 450 billion Btu's of energy each day, enough to heat 2 million homes. But more important than the overall energy usage is what energy is costing the supermarket operator; in many cases energy costs exceed rent. This special research report is designed to help the supermarket management determine if their stores are excessive energy users and to provide valuable data for planning remodels and new stores. The report is presented in five sections. The first two sections, General Observations and Monthly Electrical Usage and Demand Power, can easily be used by all supermarket operators. The third and fourth sections contain more detailed statistics that will be valuable to industry people who want to analyze energy usage more thoroughly. The statistics in section 1-4 are reported for various geographic regions and store sizes. Section five is the sample distribution which provides an insight into what other stores are using for refrigeration, lighting, etc. The information in this report is average for a typical supermarket and should be used only as that when compared to a specific supermarket facility.

Gerke, E.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

A Tale of Two Houses: The Human Dimension of Demand Response Enabling Technology from a Case Study of an Adaptive Wireless Thermostat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

underestimate the heating setpoint (Woods 2006). Similarly,Woods, James. 2006. Fiddling with Thermostats: Energy Implications of Heating and

Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward; Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A tale of two houses: the human dimension of demand response enabling technology from a case study of an adaptive wireless thermostat.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

underestimate the heating setpoint (Woods 2006). Similarly,Woods, James. 2006. Fiddling with Thermostats: Energy Implications of Heating and

Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A; Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Adaptive web usage profiling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web usage models and profiles capture significant interests and trends from past accesses. They are used to improve user experience, say through recommendation of pages, pre-fetching of pages, etc. While browsing behavior changes dynamically over time, ...

Bhushan Shankar Suryavanshi; Nematollaah Shiri; Sudhir P. Mudur

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Exemplary Units Markup Language usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sample UnitsML tools and usage. ... Its usage is limited to demonstrating capabilities of plain XSLT processing with the data stored in UnitsML. ...

106

Getting Ready to Set the Thermostat Low-And Keep it There! | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Set the Thermostat Low-And Keep it There! to Set the Thermostat Low-And Keep it There! Getting Ready to Set the Thermostat Low-And Keep it There! October 26, 2011 - 6:48am Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Every year I try to convince myself that I am going to turn my thermostat down for the entire winter. It's going to be 68 degrees or lower, I tell myself. I'm not going to turn it up for any reason. I might even be daring and try to get a few degrees lower! It'll be awesome! It usually doesn't end well. You see, I'm a gigantic wuss about the cold. Something always happens-it takes me 4 hours to drive home in the snow, I have a lousy day, or it drops beneath zero degrees Fahrenheit-and suddenly I want to treat myself to a balmy 70 degrees to make up for it.

107

The smart thermostat: using occupancy sensors to save energy in homes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating, ventilation and cooling (HVAC) is the largest source of residential energy consumption. In this paper, we demonstrate how to use cheap and simple sensing technology to automatically sense occupancy and sleep patterns in a home, and how to use ... Keywords: building energy, home monitoring, programmable thermostats, wireless sensor networks

Jiakang Lu; Tamim Sookoor; Vijay Srinivasan; Ge Gao; Brian Holben; John Stankovic; Eric Field; Kamin Whitehouse

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Electronic thermostat with selectable mode to control heating only, cooling only or both heating and cooling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a thermostat for use in a building having means for cooling the building and means for heating the building, the thermostat being connected to the cooling means and the heating means and operative to generate an energizing signal for only one of the heating means or cooling means at a given time, the thermostat comprising: means for measuring the ambient temperature within the building; manual data entry means; means for storing a program of desired heating temperatures over a repetitive time cycle, programmed by the manual data entry means; a clock operative to generate time signals within the repetitive time cycle; means for generating a signal representative of a desired heating temperature and a desired cooling temperature at the present time based upon the signals from the clock in the stored temperature program; means for placing the thermostat in either a first mode where control signals are generated only for the heating means as a function of the difference between the measured temperature within the building and the desired heating temperature signal. Control signals are generated for either the heating means or the cooling means based upon the measured temperature and the respective desired heating and cooling temperature signals.

Levine, M.R.

1987-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

109

Device for monitoring utility usage  

SciTech Connect

A device for monitoring utility usage for installation and use by homeowners and consumers with existing public utility meters having a disk that is mounted inside a transparent case and that rotates in response to electrical current usage, the device is described comprising: a disk rotation monitoring assembly for mounting on the exterior of the transparent case, said monitoring assembly comprising: (a) a sensor for sensing disk rotation speed and generating a signal in response thereto; and (b) means for mounting said sensor on the transparent case, said mounting means further comprising means for holding said sensor, means for attaching said holding means to the transparent case, and means for adjusting the position of said holding means to enable precise alignment of said sensor with the plane of the disk such that said sensor is in optical communication with the edge of said disk; one or more remote display terminals in electrical communication with said monitoring assembly, each of said one or more remote terminals comprising: (a) means for receiving said signal and processing said signal into utility consumption data; (b) an electronic memory for storing said data; (c) a visual display for displaying data in a reader-usable format about consumption; and (d) a display controller that enables selective displaying of any of said data on said visual display.

Green, R.G.

1993-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

110

Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Thermostat Settings and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

help you determine your potential savings. Karen writes: If I need a new electric hot water heater but am also considering installing a solar hot water heater in several years,...

111

Automotive materials usage trends  

SciTech Connect

The materials composition of US passenger cars is traced from 1960 and projected into 1990's. Sales-weighted average vehicle-weight trends are analyzed in terms of shifts in the large/small car mix, downsizing, and downweighting. The growth in the usage of lightweight materials: -high strength steels, cast/wrought aluminum, plastics and composites - are examined in detail. Usage trends in a host of other materials such as alloy steels, zinc, lead, copper, etc. are also discussed. An approximate quantitative analysis of changes in the usage of steel by the automotive industry worldwide show that about 10% of total decline in Western-World steel consumption is accounted for by the automotive industry. An assessment is presented for automotive industry use of critical materials such as chromium in alloy steels/cast irons and the platinum group metals in exhaust-gas catalysts. 10 references, 13 figures, 9 tables.

Gjostein, N.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Development of a data base and forecasting model for commercial-sector electricity usage and demand. Volume VII. Detailed survey, sampling methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the work performed toward obtaining two sets of primary data, from which econometric and engineering parameters for the model were to be derived. The first type will be collected in a mail survey of utility-company customers determined by an analysis of customer-account data. These data have been collected from Pacific Gas and Electric, Los Angeles Div. of Water and Power, San Diego Gas and Electric, and Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) and have been analyzed and the survey customers selected. The second type will consist of detailed technical data on buildings in the SMSA's of Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, and Sacramento. This report presents the final methodology for the selection of building samples, by type and location, for the detailed building data collection. Eleven tables present the results of the analysis. Within service areas and/or SMSA's, significant establishment classifications are illustrated with their energy characteristics. The allocation of the detailed survey-sample members is illustrated, according to establishment classifications and the 24 different building types. This specification is further detailed as to allocations within the SMUD service area and those to be taken from other areas. The methodology presented in this final report is being used to select sample members for the detailed survey.

Not Available

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

usage_household2001.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Usage Indicators Tables Usage Indicators Tables (Million U.S. Households; 60 pages, 247 kb) Contents Pages HC6-1a. Usage Indicators by Climate Zone, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC6-2a. Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC6-3a. Usage Indicators by Household Income, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC6-4a. Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC6-5a. Usage Indicators by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC6-6a. Usage Indicators by Type of Rented Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5 HC6-7a. Usage Indicators by Four Most Populated States, Million U.S. Households, 2001 5

114

High-Intensity Discharge Industrial Lighting Design Strategies for the Minimization of Energy Usage and Life-Cycle Cost.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Worldwide, the electrical energy consumed by artificial lighting is second only to the amount consumed by electric machinery. Of the energy usage attributed to lighting (more)

Flory IV, Isaac L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Determining the basic operational characteristics of a solar thermostat in the conditions of full-scale tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method of calculating a heat-receiver-heater and the volume of the heat store is presented, together with the results of full-scale tests of a solar thermostat with stochastic variations of climatic factors.

Gryadunov, A.I.; Mamedova, A.I.; Razaev, P.F.; Sadykov, S.A.; Velieva, B.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Fail-safe coolant thermostat system for an internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an improvement in a device for controlling the flow of cooling fluid between a fluid-cooled engine and a radiator, wherein a primary passage is provided with a thermostat that normally controls the flow of cooling fluid between the engine and the radiator. It comprises: a bypass passage connected in parallel with the primary passage and thermostat; a control valve contained within the bypass passage, the valve comprising a solenoid operated cup-shaped valve body and means for continually urging open the valve toward an open position; and means for de-energizing the solenoid for positioning the control valve in an open condition when either the engine is not operating or the cooling fluid temperature exceeds a positioning the control valve in a closed condition when the engine is operating and the cooling fluid temperature is below the predetermined level.

Shelton, V.E.

1990-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

117

Central Hudson Gas and Electric (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Central Hudson Gas and Electric (Electric) - Residential Energy Central Hudson Gas and Electric (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Central Hudson Gas and Electric (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Air Sealing: $600 Program Info State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central AC: $400 - $600, depending on efficiency Air-source Heat Pumps: $400 - $600, depending on efficiency Electronically Commutated Motor (ECM) Furnace Fans: $200 Electric Heat Pump Water Heaters: $400 Programmable Thermostats: $25

118

Modified Nose-Hoover thermostat for solid state for constant temperature molecular dynamics simulation  

SciTech Connect

Nose-Hoover (NH) thermostat methods incorporated with molecular dynamics (MD) simulation have been widely used to simulate the instantaneous system temperature and feedback energy in a canonical ensemble. The method simply relates the kinetic energy to the system temperature via the particles' momenta based on the ideal gas law. However, when used in a tightly bound system such as solids, the method may suffer from deriving a lower system temperature and potentially inducing early breaking of atomic bonds at relatively high temperature due to the neglect of the effect of the potential energy of atoms based on solid state physics. In this paper, a modified NH thermostat method is proposed for solid system. The method takes into account the contribution of phonons by virtue of the vibrational energy of lattice and the zero-point energy, derived based on the Debye theory. Proof of the equivalence of the method and the canonical ensemble is first made. The modified NH thermostat is tested on different gold nanocrystals to characterize their melting point and constant volume specific heat, and also their size and temperature dependence. Results show that the modified NH method can give much more comparable results to both the literature experimental and theoretical data than the standard NH. Most importantly, the present model is the only one, among the six thermostat algorithms under comparison, that can accurately reproduce the experimental data and also the T{sup 3}-law at temperature below the Debye temperature, where the specific heat of a solid at constant volume is proportional to the cube of temperature.

Chen, Wen-Hwa, E-mail: whchen@pme.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); National Applied Research Laboratories, Taipei 10622, Taiwan, ROC (China); Wu, Chun-Hung [Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Cheng, Hsien-Chie [Department of Aerospace and Systems Engineering, Feng Chia University, Taichung 40724, Taiwan (China)

2011-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

119

Energy Usage | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Usage Energy Usage How much do you spend per year compared to others? A state-by-state map of per capita energy expenditures. Subtopics Storage Consumption Transmission Smart Grid...

120

Memory Usage Considerations on Franklin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the memory requirement vvia internal checking in their codes or by some tools. Craypat could track heap usage. And IPM also tracks memory usage. Last edited: 2013-06-30 08:33:51...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Usage by Job Size  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Usage by Job Usage by Job Size Table Usage by Job Size Table page loading animation Usage Query Interface System All Hopper Edison Carver Planck Matgen Franklin Hopper 1 Magellan Dirac Bassi Jacquard Seaborg User Account (Repo) Execution Queue All Debug Interactive Premium Regular Short Regular Long Regular Small Regular Medium Regular Big Regular Extra Big Killable Low Transfer IO Task Special System Serial Big Memory Westmere === Inactive === Magellan Serial Magellan Short Magellan Small Magellan Medium Magellan Big Magellan Long Regular 1 Regular 1 Long Regular 16 Regular 32 Regular 48 Full Config Seaborg Serial Batch 16 Batch 32 Batch 64 Submit Queue all interactive debug premium regular low DOE Office all ASCR BER BES FES HEP NP Summary for jobs that completed after Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 @ 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 : 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59

122

New energy usage patterns in manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

Long term energy demands of industrial societies will exceed energy production capabilities if present usage patterns remain unchanged. Thus the central core of the current energy dilemma involves the change from reliance on petroleum sources to the utilization of more plentiful energy resources. The two energy resources which are plentiful and the technology already exists for their development are coal and uranium. Several concepts of substituting electricity for oil and natural gas are presented.

Hauser, L.G.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Quantum Electrical Measurements Programs/Projects in PML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and manufacturers use NIST electrical standards and calibrations for all kinds of measurements from home electricity usage to electrocardiograms ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

124

Customer Strategies for Responding to Day-Ahead Market Hourly Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nature of electric service and usage, defining the hoursElectric. 12 The resulting evaluation report estimated elasticities and found measurable reductions in energy usage

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Woodfuel Usage Update 1 I Wood fuel use in Scotland 2010 I Hudson Consulting I October 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

woodfuel usage in the commercial, industrial and electrical energy sectors of the Scottish market) to 30 of electrical energy generation, was paramount in the initial survey and remains so. Total woodfuel usageWoodfuel Usage Update 1 I Wood fuel use in Scotland 2010 I Hudson Consulting I October 2010

126

Electrical Usage Characterization of Semiconductor Processing Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the basic concepts in performing an energy and power audit of a semiconductor process tool. A protocol exists that fully describes these measurements and their use and applicability and it will be described. This protocol is currently being examined by SEMATECH for future publication. Example data will be presented showing the power, energy, and current load profiles of a typical tool.

Hinson, S. R.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Improving energy usage  

SciTech Connect

The Phillips Petroleum Company's Borger Refinery and NGL Process Center Energy Conservation program has been one of surveying, making revisions and additions to, and redesign of processes and equipment to conserve energy. Special emphasis has been placed on minimizing energy usage in the design of new processes in the plants. In 1972 an average of 758,800 Btu's were used to process each barrel of fresh charge. Now 7.5 days of fresh charge are being saved to the plant each year. The energy-use reduction programs discussed were: (1) furnace and boiler excess-oxygen and combustibles control program; (2) installation of an Applied Automation, Inc., Fractionator Computer Control System named Optrol; and (3) the steam-trap program. 1 figure. (DP)

Haage, P.R.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

HPSS Usage Examples at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Examples Advanced Usage Examples Transferring Data from Batch Jobs Once you have set up your automatic HPSS authentication you can access HPSS within batch scripts. Read More ...

129

Metrics Thermostat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The explosion of information and information technology has led many firms to evolve a dispersed product development process with people and organizations spread throughout the world. To

Hauser, John

130

Metrics Thermostat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The explosion of information and information technology has led many firms to evolve a dispersed product development process with people and organizations spread throughout the world. To coordinate such dispersed processes ...

Hauser, John

131

The UCONABC usage control model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce the family of UCONABC models for usage control (UCON), which integrate Authorizations (A), oBligations (B), and Conditions (C). We call these core models because they address the essence of UCON, leaving ... Keywords: access control, digital rights management, privacy, trust, usage control

Jaehong Park; Ravi Sandhu

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Definition: Reduced Oil Usage (Not Monetized) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Usage (Not Monetized) Usage (Not Monetized) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reduced Oil Usage (Not Monetized) The functions that provide this benefit eliminate the need to send a line worker or crew to the switch or capacitor locations to operate them eliminate the need for truck rolls to perform diagnosis of equipment condition, and reduce truck rolls for meter reading and measurement purposes. This reduces the fuel consumed by a service vehicle or line truck. The use of plug-in electric vehicles can also lead to this benefit since the electrical energy used by plug-in electric vehicles displaces the equivalent amount of oil.[1] References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Benefits' An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition

133

Form EIA-457E (2001) -- Household Bottled Gas Usage  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

E (2001) - Household Electricity Usage Form E (2001) - Household Electricity Usage Form OMB No. 1905-0092, Expiring February 29, 2004 2001 Residential Energy Consumption Survey Answers to Frequently Asked Questions About the Household Electricity Usage Form What is the purpose of the Residential Energy Consumption Survey? The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) collects data on energy consumption and expenditures in U.S. housing units. Over 5,000 statistically selected households across the U.S. have already provided information about their household, the physical characteristics of their housing unit, their energy-using equipment, and their energy suppliers. Now we are requesting the energy billing records for these households from each of their energy suppliers. After all this information has been collected, the information will be used to

134

Control system for electric water heater with heat pump external heat source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A control system for an electric water heater operatively associated with an external heat source, such as a heat pump. The water heater includes a water storage tank provided with an electric tank heating unit having a tank thermostat which closes in response to water temperature in the tank, allowing a flow of current through the tank heating unit so as to turn it on to heat the water, and which opens when the tank thermostat has been satisfied, interrupting the current flow so as to turn the tank heating unit off. The control system as responsive to the initial current surge through the tank heating unit when the tank thermostat closes to interrupt the current flow to the tank heating unit so as to maintain the heating unit off and to turn on the external heat source and maintain it on until the tank thermostat opens. The initial current surge cleans the contacts of the tank thermostat by burning off any insulating oxide residues which may have formed on them. The control system includes means responsive to abnormal conditions which would prevent the external heat source from heating water effectively for turning off the external heat source and turning on the tank heating unit and maintaining the external heat source off and the tank heating unit on until the tank thermostat is satisfied.

Shaffer Jr., J. E.; Picarello, J. F.

1985-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

135

California customer load reductions during the electricity crisis: Did they help to keep the lights on?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar PV systems or virtually eliminating their electricity usage through dramatic changes in their energy-

Goldman, Charles A.; Eto, Joseph H.; Barbose, Galen L.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

EIA - Electricity Data - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electricity. Sales, revenue and ... codes or demands or usage falling within specified limits by rate ... Monthly Electric Sales and Revenue Report with State ...

137

Small Business Demand Response with Communicating Thermostats: SMUD's Summer Solutions Research Pilot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents a field study of 78 small commercial customers in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District service territory who volunteered for an integrated energy-efficiency/demand-response (EE-DR) program in the summer of 2008. The original objective for the pilot was to provide a better understanding of demand response issues in the small commercial sector. Early findings justified a focus on offering small businesses (1) help with the energy efficiency of their buildings in exchange for occasional load shed, and (2) a portfolio of options to meet the needs of a diverse customer sector. To meet these expressed needs, the research pilot provided on-site energy efficiency advice and offered participants several program options, including the choice of either a dynamic rate or monthly payment for air-conditioning setpoint control. An analysis of hourly load data indicates that the offices and retail stores in our sample provided significant demand response, while the restaurants did not. Thermostat data provides further evidence that restaurants attempted to precool and reduce AC service during event hours, but were unable to because their air-conditioning units were undersized. On a 100 F reference day, load impacts of all participants during events averaged 14%, while load impacts of office and retail buildings (excluding restaurants) reached 20%. Overall, pilot participants including restaurants had 2007-2008 summer energy savings of 20% and bill savings of 30%. About 80% of participants said that the program met or surpassed their expectations, and three-quarters said they would probably or definitely participate again without the $120 participation incentive. These results provide evidence that energy efficiency programs, dynamic rates and load control programs can be used concurrently and effectively in the small business sector, and that communicating thermostats are a reliable tool for providing air-conditioning load shed and enhancing the ability of customers on dynamic rates to respond to intermittent price events.

Herter, Karen; Wayland, Seth; Rasin, Josh

2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

138

Bad seeds sprout perilous dynamics: stochastic thermostat induced trajectory synchronization in biomolecules  

SciTech Connect

Molecular dynamics simulations starting from different initial conditions are commonly used to mimic the behavior of an experimental ensemble. We show in this article that when a Langevin thermostat is used to maintain constant temperature during such simulations, extreme care must be taken when choosing the random number seeds used in order to prevent statistical correlation among the MD trajectories. While recent studies have shown that stochastically thermostatted trajectories evolving within a single potential basin with identical random number seeds tend to synchronize, we show that there is a synchronization effect even for complex, biologically relevant systems. We demonstrate this effect in simulations of Alanine trimer and pentamer and in a simulation of a temperature-jump experiment for peptide folding of a 14-residue peptide. Even in replica-exchange simulations, in which the trajectories are at different temperatures, we find partial synchronization occurring when the same random number seed is employed. We explain this by extending the recent derivation of the synchronization effect for two trajectories in a harmonic well to the case in which the trajectories are at two different temperatures. Our results suggest several ways in which mishandling selection of a pseudo random number generator initial seed can lead to corruption of simulation data. Simulators can fall into this trap in simple situations such as neglecting to specifically indicate different random seeds in either parallel or sequential restart simulations, utilizing a simulation package with a weak pseudorandom number generator, or using an advanced simulation algorithm that hasn't been programmed to distribute initial seeds.

Voter, A F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sindhikara, Daniel J [UNIV OF FLORIDA; Kim, Seonah [UNIV OF CALIFORNIA; Roitberg, Adrian E [UNIV OF FLORIDA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Water Usage Law, Major Water Users (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Usage Law, Major Water Users (Missouri) Water Usage Law, Major Water Users (Missouri) Water Usage Law, Major Water Users (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Missouri Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Missouri Department of Natural Resources Any water user with the capability to withdraw or divert 100,000 gallons or more per day from any stream, river, lake, well, spring or other water source must register and file for a permit for water withdrawal and diversion from the Department of Natural Resources. Additionally, no major

140

Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electricity is an essential part of modern life. The Energy Department is working to create technology solutions that will reduce our energy use and save Americans money.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Forecasting multi-appliance usage for smart home energy management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of forecasting the usage of multiple electrical appliances by domestic users, with the aim of providing suggestions about the best time to run appliances in order to reduce carbon emissions and save money (assuming time-of-use ...

Ngoc Cuong Truong, James McInerney, Long Tran-Thanh, Enrico Costanza, Sarvapali D. Ramchurn

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Small Business Demand Response with Communicating Thermostats: SMUD's Summer Solutions Research Pilot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unusually high electricity bills, based on the assumptionthe highest electricity bills. These businesses are likelypast 5 or 6 p.m. Electricity bills for retail businesses are

Herter, Karen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Reducing Energy Usage of NULL Convention Logic Circuits using NULL Cycle Reduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in approximately 25% overall lower energy usage. Keywords: asynchronous circuits; NULL Convention Logic (NCL); NULLReducing Energy Usage of NULL Convention Logic Circuits using NULL Cycle Reduction Combined with Supply Voltage Scaling Brett Sparkman and Scott C. Smith Department of Electrical Engineering, University

Smith, Scott C.

144

Table CE3-6.1u. Electric Air-Conditioning Energy Consumption and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table CE3-6.1u. Electric Air-Conditioning Energy Consumption and Expenditures by Household Member and Usage Indicators, 2001 Usage Indicators RSE Column Factor:

145

Table CE3-6.2u. Electric Air-Conditioning Energy Consumption and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table CE3-6.2u. Electric Air-Conditioning Energy Consumption and Expenditures by Square Feet and Usage Indicators, 2001 Usage Indicators RSE Column Factor:

146

Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand Response is playing an increasingly important role in smart grid control strategies. Modeling the behavior of populations of appliances under demand response is especially important to evaluate the effectiveness of these demand response programs. In this paper, an aggregated model is proposed for a class of Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs). The model efficiently includes statistical information of the population, systematically deals with heterogeneity, and accounts for a second-order effect necessary to accurately capture the transient dynamics in the collective response. However, an accurate characterization of the collective dynamics however requires the aggregate model to have a high state space dimension. Most of the existing model reduction techniques require the stability of the underlying system which does not hold for the proposed aggregated model. In this work, a novel model reduction approach is developed for the proposed aggregated model, which can significantly reduce its complexity with small performance loss. The original and the reducedorder aggregated models are validated against simulations of thousands of detailed building models using GridLAB-D, which is a realistic open source distribution simulation software. Index Terms demand response, aggregated model, ancillary

Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Chang, Chin-Yao; Kalsi, Karanjit; Sun, Yannan

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

147

OpenEI - Unit Cost Electricity  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

at University of Texas at Austin http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode62

Provides annual energy usage for years 1989 through 2010 for UT at Austin; specifically, electricity usage...

148

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ELECTRIC cdrtrokArJclaeT 3 I+ &i, y I &OF I*- j< t j,fci..- ir )(yiT E-li, ( -,v? Cl -p4.4 RESEARCH LABORATORIES EAST PITTSBURGH, PA. 8ay 22, 1947 Mr. J. Carrel Vrilson...

149

Residential energy usage comparison project: An overview  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overveiw of the residential energy usage comparison project, an integrated load and market research project sponsored by EPRI and the Southern California Edison Company. Traditional studies of the relative energy consumption of electric and gas household appliances have relied on laboratory analyses and computer simulations. This project was designed to study the appliance energy consumption patterns of actual households. Ninety-two households in Orange County, California, southeast of Los Angeles, served as the study sample. Half of the households received new electric space-conditioning, water-heating, cooking, and clothes-drying equipment; the other half received gas equipment. The electric space-conditioning and water-heating appliances were heat pump technologies. All of the appliances were metered to collect load-shape and energy consumption data. The households were also surveyed periodically to obtain information on their energy needs and their acceptance of the appliances. The metered energy consumption data provide an important benchmark for comparing the energy consumption and costs of alternative end-use technologies. The customer research results provide new insights into customer preferences for fuel and appliance types. 15 figs., 3 tabs.

Smith, B.A.; Uhlaner, R.T.; Cason, T.N. (Quantum Consulting, Inc., Berkeley, CA (USA))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Energy consumption and usage characteristics from field measurements of residential dishwashers, clothes washers and clothes dryers  

SciTech Connect

The measured energy consumption and usage characteristics for household dishwashers, clothes washers, and clothes dryers for ten townhouses at Twin Rivers, N.J., are presented. Whenever the dishwashers and/or clothes washers were in use, the energy consumption, water consumption, frequency of usage, and water temperature were measured by a data acquisition system. The electrical energy of electric clothes dryers and the gas consumption of gas clothes dryers were measured, as well as their frequency and duration of use, and exhaust temperature. Typical household usage patterns of these major appliances are included.

Chang, Y.L.; Grot, R.A.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

ELECTRIC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ELECTRIC ELECTRIC cdrtrokArJclaeT 3 I+ &i, y$ \I &OF I*- j< t j,fci..- ir )(yiT !E-li, ( \-,v? Cl -p/4.4 RESEARCH LABORATORIES EAST PITTSBURGH, PA. 8ay 22, 1947 Mr. J. Carrel Vrilson General ?!!mager Atomic Qxzgy Commission 1901 Constitution Avenue Kashington, D. C. Dear Sir: In the course of OUT nuclenr research we are planning to study the enc:ri;y threshold anti cross section for fission. For thib program we require a s<>piAroted sample of metallic Uranium 258 of high purity. A quantity of at lezst 5 grams would probably be sufficient for our purpose, and this was included in our 3@icntion for license to the Atonic Energy Coskqission.. This license has been approved, 2nd rre would Llp!Jreciate informztion as to how to ?r*oceed to obtain thit: m2teria.l.

152

A Successful Case Study of Small Business Energy Efficiency and Demand Response with Communicating Thermostats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents a field study of 78 small commercial customers in the Sacramento Municipal Utility District service territory who volunteered for an integrated energy-efficiency/demand-response (EE-DR) program in the summer of 2008. The original objective for the pilot was to provide a better understanding of demand response issues in the small commercial sector. Early findings justified a focus on offering small businesses (1) help with the energy efficiency of their buildings in exchange for occasional load shed, and (2) a portfolio of options to meet the needs of a diverse customer sector. To meet these expressed needs, the research pilot provided on-site energy efficiency advice and offered participants several program options, including the choice of either a dynamic rate or monthly payment for air-conditioning setpoint control. Overall results show that pilot participants had energy savings of 20%, and the potential for an additional 14% to 20% load drop during a 100 F demand response event. In addition to the efficiency-related bill savings, participants on the dynamic rate saved an estimated 5% on their energy costs compared to the standard rate. About 80% of participants said that the program met or surpassed their expectations, and three-quarters said they would probably or definitely participate again without the $120 participation incentive. These results provide evidence that energy efficiency programs, dynamic rates and load control programs can be used concurrently and effectively in the small business sector, and that communicating thermostats are a reliable tool for providing air-conditioning load shed and enhancing the ability of customers on dynamic rates to respond to intermittent price events.

Herter, Karen; Wayland, Seth; Rasin, Josh

2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

153

Towards Sustainable Material Usage: Investigating Limits to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Towards Sustainable Material Usage: Investigating Limits to ... secondary resources decreases energy consumption; this energy advantage...

154

Resource and Fuels Usage Contacting the Authors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) % of 1990 usage Natural gas 577 24% Biomass 494 1190% Renewables 182 106% Nuclear 73 62% Coal 561 908 sectors · LDV is least carbon-intensive Total Energy (PJ) % of 1990 usage Natural gas 122 5% Biomass 891T activity) 9% line (218% PxT activity) In-State Emissions Total Energy (PJ) % of 1990 usage Natural gas 123

California at Davis, University of

155

MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info Start Date 1/1/2011 Expiration Date 12/31/2012 State Illinois Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Room Air Conditioners: $25 Central Air Conditioners: $100-$200 Heat Pumps: $100-$400 Ground-source Heat Pumps: $1000-$2000 Desuperheaters: $100 Programmable Thermostat: $20 Provider MidAmerican Energy Company MidAmerican Energy offers a variety of incentives for residential customers to improve the energy efficiency of participating homes. Electric customers of MidAmerican Energy qualify for rebates on programmable thermostats, air

156

An evaluation of the bioclimatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in selected climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be successful in sustainable building design, architects must consider energy efficient design strategies in the early design stage. Unfortunately, many architects still rely on simplified analysis, synthesis techniques, and historical examples. Although, building energy simulations are becoming more common in the design of buildings, architects rarely use simulation in the early design stage. The "Bioclimatic" charts have been used in the early design stage to define potential building design strategies to achieve indoor thermal comfort. Currently, many architects use the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic design chart (Milne and Givoni, 1979), which was developed based on principle reasoning and heuristics. There have been many attempts to develop computerized programs to further the bioclimatic analysis; however, there have been very limited efforts to test and evaluate the design strategies of the chart using simulations of a thermostatically-controlled building. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to promote comfortable buildings that reduce energy use through appropriate building design strategies. The objectives of the research are to develop a more accurate bioclimatic chart for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence by testing and evaluating the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart. The analysis is performed with DOE-2.1e program (Winkelmann, 1993) and TMY2 weather data (Marion and Urban, 1995) for several climates. To achieve these objectives, four main tasks were accomplished: 1) investigate the Givoni-Milne Bioclimatic Chart using representative weather data from several climates, 2) analyze and modify the design strategy boundaries using DOE-2 program and TMY2 weather data to simulate the effects of varied conditions of a thermostatically-controlled residence in different climates, 3) compare these new design strategy boundaries to the original Givoni-Milne design strategy boundaries, and 4) develop general guidelines for the new bioclimatic chart. In summary, there were some differences in the results from the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart and the DOE-2 simulation results. These results imply that without further modification, the G-M Chart may have only a limited use for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence. Therefore, to improve the usefulness of the bioclimatic chart the new bio-climatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in the hot-humid climate of Houston, Texas, was developed. This new bioclimatic chart for a thermostatically-controlled residence will be a useful tool for architects and engineers in the early design stage. Similar versions of the new bioclimatic for other climates could then be developed.

Visitsak, Sopa

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

An Evaluation of the Bioclimatic Chart for Choosing Design Strategies for a Thermostatically-controlled Residence in Selected Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be successful in sustainable building design, architects must consider energy efficient design strategies in the early design stage. Unfortunately, many architects still rely on simplified analysis, synthesis techniques, and historical examples. Although, building energy simulations are becoming more common in the design of buildings, architects rarely use simulation in the early design stage. The Bioclimatic charts have been used in the early design stage to define potential building design strategies to achieve indoor thermal comfort. Currently, many architects use the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic design chart (Milne and Givoni, 1979), which was developed based on principle reasoning and heuristics. There have been many attempts to develop computerized programs to further the bioclimatic analysis; however, there have been very limited efforts to test and evaluate the design strategies of the chart using simulations of a thermostatically-controlled building. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to promote comfortable buildings that reduce energy use through appropriate building design strategies. The objectives of the research are to develop a more accurate bioclimatic chart for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence by testing and evaluating the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart. The analysis is performed with DOE-2.1e program (Winkelmann, 1993) and TMY2 weather data (Marion and Urban, 1995) for several climates. To achieve these objectives, four main tasks were accomplished: 1) investigate the Givoni-Milne Bioclimatic Chart using representative weather data from several climates, 2) analyze and modify the design strategy boundaries using DOE-2 program and TMY2 weather data to simulate the effects of varied conditions of a thermostatically-controlled residence in different climates, 3) compare these new design strategy boundaries to the original Givoni-Milne design strategy boundaries, and 4) develop general guidelines for the new bioclimatic chart. In summary, there were some differences in the results from the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart and the DOE-2 simulation results. These results imply that without further modification, the G-M Chart may have only a limited use for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence. Therefore, to improve the usefulness of the bioclimatic chart the new bio-climatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in the hot-humid climate of Houston, Texas, was developed. This new bioclimatic chart for a thermostatically-controlled residence will be a useful tool for architects and engineers in the early design stage. Similar versions of the new bioclimatic for other climates could then be developed.

Visitsak, Sopa

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

An evaluation of the bioclimatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in selected climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To be successful in sustainable building design, architects must consider energy efficient design strategies in the early design stage. Unfortunately, many architects still rely on simplified analysis, synthesis techniques, and historical examples. Although, building energy simulations are becoming more common in the design of buildings, architects rarely use simulation in the early design stage. The Bioclimatic charts have been used in the early design stage to define potential building design strategies to achieve indoor thermal comfort. Currently, many architects use the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic design chart (Milne and Givoni, 1979), which was developed based on principle reasoning and heuristics. There have been many attempts to develop computerized programs to further the bioclimatic analysis; however, there have been very limited efforts to test and evaluate the design strategies of the chart using simulations of a thermostatically-controlled building. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to promote comfortable buildings that reduce energy use through appropriate building design strategies. The objectives of the research are to develop a more accurate bioclimatic chart for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence by testing and evaluating the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart. The analysis is performed with DOE-2.1e program (Winkelmann, 1993) and TMY2 weather data (Marion and Urban, 1995) for several climates. To achieve these objectives, four main tasks were accomplished: 1) investigate the Givoni-Milne Bioclimatic Chart using representative weather data from several climates, 2) analyze and modify the design strategy boundaries using DOE-2 program and TMY2 weather data to simulate the effects of varied conditions of a thermostatically-controlled residence in different climates, 3) compare these new design strategy boundaries to the original Givoni-Milne design strategy boundaries, and 4) develop general guidelines for the new bioclimatic chart. In summary, there were some differences in the results from the Givoni-Milne bioclimatic chart and the DOE-2 simulation results. These results imply that without further modification, the G-M Chart may have only a limited use for a thermostaticallycontrolled residence. Therefore, to improve the usefulness of the bioclimatic chart the new bio-climatic chart for choosing design strategies for a thermostatically-controlled residence in the hot-humid climate of Houston, Texas, was developed. This new bioclimatic chart for a thermostatically-controlled residence will be a useful tool for architects and engineers in the early design stage. Similar versions of the new bioclimatic for other climates could then be developed.

Visitsak, Sopa

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Predicting hourly building energy usage  

SciTech Connect

This article presents the results of an evaluation to identify the most accurate method for making hourly energy use predictions. The prediction of energy usage by HVAC systems is important for the purposes of HVAC diagnostics, system control, parameter and system identification, optimization and energy management. Many new techniques are now being applied to the analysis problems involved with predicting the future behavior of HVAC systems and deducing properties of these systems. Similar problems arise in most observational disciplines, including physics, biology and economics.

Kreider, J.F. (Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering); Haberl, J.S. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Consumers Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Consumers Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Home Performance Comprehensive Assessment and Installations: $3500 Insulation: $1,025 Windows: $250 Program Info State Michigan Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount CFL Lighting: Retailer Instant Discount Programmable Thermostat: $10 Central A/C and Heat Pumps: $150 - $250 Central A/C Tune up: $50 Ground Source Heat Pump: $200-$300

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 2): American Thermostat site, South Cairo, Green County, New York (second remedial action). Final report, June 29, 1990  

SciTech Connect

The 8-acre American Thermostat (AT) site is a former thermostat assembly facility in South Cairo, Greene County, New York. From 1954 to 1985, thermostats for small appliances were assembled using machine oils, lubricants, and solvents in the process. Waste chemical sludges were disposed of directly into drains and dumped onsite for dust control. In 1983, an interim consent order was signed requiring AT to clean up the site; however, this was never implemented before plant operations ceased in 1985. A 1988 Record of Decision (ROD) provided for a permanent alternate water supply for approximately 43 affected residents. The final ROD addresses remediation of all remaining contaminated media at the site. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil, sediment, sludge, debris, ground water, and surface water are VOCs including PCE and TCE; other organics; and metals including arsenic, chromium, and lead.

Not Available

1990-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

162

NEWTON: Blood Group Systems Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Blood Group Systems Usage Blood Group Systems Usage Name: Kishori Status: student Grade: n/a Location: Outside U.S. Country: India Date: Summer 2013 Question: What is the difference between MN blood group system and ABO bloodgroup system? Although, we nowadays prefer ABO blood groups why do we use MN blood groups in the forensic department? Replies: Humans actually have multiple blood antigens on the surface of our blood cells. Wikipedia says that there are over 50 different blood group antigens. ABO and Rh are just the most dominant. Rh actually has 3 alleles called C, D and E. So one could be CCddee, for example, but clinically, when referring to Rh, only the D antigen is considered. So MN is another system that is also present. The reason it would be considered in forensics is due to population genetics considerations. Certain combinations are found in different percentages depending on what ancestry a person is a part of. Humans evolved in isolation from each other and until relatively recently, were separated due to difficult travel/migration. But even though we can move around the planet easily now, we still carry the history of our ancestry in our DNA. M and N are codominant, like the ABO system.

163

Definition: Reduced Electricity Cost | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cost Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reduced Electricity Cost Functions that provide this benefit could help alter customer usage patterns (demand response with price...

164

Modeling Long-Term Search Engine Usage Ryen W. White, Ashish Kapoor, and Susan T. Dumais  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

photosensor design accurately senses daylight availability, cutting electric light usage 40­60 percent or morePhotosensors and associated control systems can dim or raise fluorescent lighting systems to decrease or increase the electrical lighting used as the amount of daylight changes during the day. However

Dumais, Susan

165

EART 265 Lecture Notes: Energy Energy Usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EART 265 Lecture Notes: Energy Energy Usage US per capita energy usage is 10 kW. This represents 1 of 2 kW. Euro- pean countries tend to use less energy per capita by a factor of 2. China's per capita/4 of the worldwide energy usage, and with 1/20th of the world population gives a global average power consumption

Nimmo, Francis

166

Memory Usage Considerations on Hopper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Memory Usage Considerations on Hopper Most Hopper compute nodes have 32 GB of physical memory, but, not all that memory is available to user programs. Compute Node Linux (the kernel), the Lustre file system software, and message passing library buffers all consume memory, as does loading the executable into memory. Thus the precise memory available to an application varies. Approximately 31 GB of memory can be allocated from within an MPI program using all 24 cores per node, i.e., 1.29 GB per MPI task on average. If an application uses 12 MPI tasks per node, then each MPI task could use about 2.58 GB of memory. You may see an error message such as "OOM killer terminated this process." "OOM" means Out of Memory and it means that your code has exhausted the

167

Residential Energy Usage by Origin of Householder  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Energy Users > Residential Home Page > Energy Usage by Origin of Householder. Consumption and Expenditures. NOTE: To View and/or Print PDF's ...

168

Baltimore Gas & Electric Company (Electric) - Residential Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermostats, Refrigerators, Water Heaters, Room Air Conditioners, Geothermal Heat Pumps, LED Lighting Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility Energy Category Energy...

169

Alaska Village Electric Load Calculator  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of designing a village electric power system, the present and future electric loads must be defined, including both seasonal and daily usage patterns. However, in many cases, detailed electric load information is not readily available. NREL developed the Alaska Village Electric Load Calculator to help estimate the electricity requirements in a village given basic information about the types of facilities located within the community. The purpose of this report is to explain how the load calculator was developed and to provide instructions on its use so that organizations can then use this model to calculate expected electrical energy usage.

Devine, M.; Baring-Gould, E. I.

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Usage analysis and the web of data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The workshop on Usage Analysis and the Web of Data (USEWOD2011) was the first workshop in the field to investigate combinations of usage data with semantics and the Web of Data. Questions the workshop aims to address are for example: How can semantics ...

Bettina Berendt; Laura Hollink; Vera Hollink; Markus Luczak-Rsch; Knud Mller; David Vallet

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Detecting and analyzing insecure component usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software is commonly built from reusable components that provide desired functionalities. Although component reuse significantly improves software productivity, insecure component usage can lead to security vulnerabilities in client applications. ... Keywords: differential testing, insecure component usage, testing and analysis of real-world software

Taeho Kwon; Zhendong Su

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Ameren Missouri (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ameren Missouri (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Ameren Missouri (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Ameren Missouri (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: 3 units Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount CFL's: In-store discounts, Online Store Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $50 Air Source Heat Pump: $300 - $650 Central AC: $150 - $425 Electronically Commutated Blower Motor: $50 - $100 Geothermal Heat Pump: $600 Diagnostic Tune-Up: $75 Programmable Thermostat: $25 Electric Storage Water Heater: $25

173

Residential Energy Usage Comparison: Findings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The load shapes of major residential electric and gas appliances were compared in an integrated load and market research project in southern California. The energy consumption data provide a benchmark for comparing the costs of alternative technologies; the market research data relate customer attitudes with appliance load shapes.

1991-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

174

General Guidance on Data Usage and Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Guidance on Data Usage and Management General Guidance on Data Usage and Management Summary Data Usage Credit Data Management and Documentation: Introduction Our philosophy Data management Record measured values Zero versus missing value Metadata Data documentation Define variables Specify units Provide citations For additional information Summary Ensure long-term preservation of, and full and open access to, high-quality data sets Give proper credit to the researchers providing the data Provide thorough, yet simple, documentation: how the data were produced, what they mean Generate ASCII data and documentation files; they ensure readibility by virtually all users Define variable names and units Point to, or provide, important publications that further document the data Data usage CDIAC fully supports the July 1991 Policy Statements on Data Management for

175

ERP Usage in Practice: An Empirical Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents the results of an exploratory study of Fortune 1000 firms and their enterprise resource planning ERP usage, as well as benefits and changes they have realized from ERP. The study empirically examines ERP in these organizations to ...

Mary C. Jones; Randall Young

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Material impacts on operational energy usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decisions regarding materials and construction of a building are made all the time in the architectural process, but thought is not always given to how those choices may affect the buildings ultimate energy usage and the ...

Love, Andrea, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Microsoft Word - Epoxy Usage Form.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Division Form Rev. 41111 Monthly Epoxy Usage Form (Weight in Grams) Date Initials CTD 101K Stycast Catalyst Epon Resin Epicure Part A Part B Part C 2850 24LV 815828 3140...

178

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Energy Usage Forecasts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alphabetically Tools by Platform PC Mac UNIX Internet Tools by Country Related Links Energy Usage Forecasts Energy Usage Forecasts Quick and easy web-based tool that provides...

179

CNST NanoFab Facility User Computer Security and Usage ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. CNST NanoFab Facility User Computer Security and Usage Policy ... CNST NanoFab Facility User Computer Security and Usage Policy ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

180

arXiv.org help - arXiv usage statistics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by major subject areas through January 2013 Access and download statistics: Today's usage for arXiv.org (not including mirrors) Institutional Usage Statistics: 2009, 2010,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Power to Change: Sustainable Electricity Usage in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Light Bulb Exchange program: replaces inefficient incandescent bulbs with integrated compact fluorescent Lighting Project - The UHC (University Housing Council) and the CCSC (Columbia College Student Council bulbs Watt and Woodbridge residence halls Bulbs - 15X longer, save $38,000 in energy cost and 446

Colorado at Boulder, University of

182

RECS Electricity Usage Form_v2 (25418 - Activated, Traditional...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Period Enter the End Date for each billing period MMDDYY Enter the Amount used in kWh XXXX kWh were: AActual EEstimated RRead by Customer (select one) A E R 1 2 3 4 5 6 7...

183

Household Electricity Usage Form - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey. Sponsored by the Energy Information Administration . U.S. Department of Energy . Washington, DC 20585 . Form EIA-457E ...

184

Ames Electric Department - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ames Electric Department - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Ames Electric Department - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Ames Electric Department - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Appliances: 50% of the equipment cost Programmable Thermostats: 3 per household Room AC: 2 per household Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Star New Home: $500 Energy Audit: FREE Lighting: $2 - $16 per fixture Lighting Sensors: $10 per unit Refrigerators: $25 - $100 Freezers: $50 Dishwashers: $50

185

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central Air Conditioners: $100 - $200 Air Source Heat Pumps: $100 - $400 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $300/ton + $50/EER/ton Fan Motors: $50/unit Programmable Thermostats: $25 Tank Water Heater: $50

186

Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Arkansas) Empire District Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Maximum Rebate Central Air Conditioner: $500 Weatherization Measures: Total cost of measures eligible for rebate cannot exceed $2,964 Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audits: Varies Weatherization Measures: 25% - 50% of cost Central Air Conditioner: $400 - $500 Programmable Thermostat: $25

187

Denton Municipal Electric - GreenSense Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Denton Municipal Electric - GreenSense Energy Efficiency Rebate Denton Municipal Electric - GreenSense Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Denton Municipal Electric - GreenSense Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Heat Pumps Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Solar Screens: $200 Energy Efficient Windows: $500 Programmable Thermostat: $50 Attic Insulation (Retrofit): $400 Attic Insulation (New Construction): $400 Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central AC: $600/unit Central Heat Pumps: $700/unit Geothermal Heat Pumps: $700/unit Attic Reflective Radiant Barrier: $200 - $300

188

Design of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries for Long Life and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kandler Smith, NREL EDV Battery Robust Design - 1 Design of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries for Long Life and Low Cost Robustness to Geographic and Consumer-Usage Variation...

189

Recommending energy tariffs and load shifting based on smart household usage profiling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a system and study of personalized energy-related recommendation. AgentSwitch utilizes electricity usage data collected from users' households over a period of time to realize a range of smart energy-related recommendations on energy tariffs, ... Keywords: demand response, energy tariffs, load shifting, personalization, recommender systems, smart grid

Joel E. Fischer; Sarvapali D. Ramchurn; Michael Osborne; Oliver Parson; Trung Dong Huynh; Muddasser Alam; Nadia Pantidi; Stuart Moran; Khaled Bachour; Steve Reece; Enrico Costanza; Tom Rodden; Nicholas R. Jennings

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia , Andrea J. Goldsmith. of Science and Technology Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford Mobile and small), we derive upper and lower bounds to both our per- formance metrics. Moreover, the particular

Gesbert, David

191

UDP: Usage-based Dynamic Pricing with Privacy Preservation for Smart Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UDP: Usage-based Dynamic Pricing with Privacy Preservation for Smart Grid Xiaohui Liang, Student for smart grid in a community environment, which enables the electricity price to correspond-preserving manner. Index Terms--Smart grid; dynamic price; privacy preserva- tion; community-specific I

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

192

Annual fuel usage charts for oil-fired boilers. [Building space heating and hot water supplies  

SciTech Connect

On the basis of laboratory-determined boiler efficiency data, one may calculate the annual fuel usage (AFU) for any oil-fired boiler, serving a structure of a given design heat load, for any specified hourly weather pattern. Further, where data are available regarding the energy recapture rates of the strucutre due to direct gain solar energy (windows), lighting, cooking, electrical appliances, metabolic processes, etc., the annual fuel usage savings due to such (re) capture are straightforwardly determinable. Employing the Brookhaven National Laboratory annual fuel usage formulation, along with efficiency data determined in the BNL Boiler Laboratory, computer-drawn annual fuel usage charts can be generated for any selected boiler for a wide range of operating conditions. For two selected boilers operating in any one of the hour-by-hour weather patterns which characterize each of six cities over a wide range of firing rates, domestic hot water consumption rates, design heat loads, and energy (re) capture rates, annual fuel usages are determined and graphically presented. Figures 1 to 98, inclusive, relate to installations for which energy recapture rates are taken to be zero. Figures 97 to 130, inclusive, apply to a range of cases for which energy recapture rates are nonzero and determinable. In all cases, simple, direct and reliable annual fuel usage values can be determined by use of charts and methods such as those illustrated.

Berlad, A.L.; Yeh, Y.J.; Salzano, F.J.; Hoppe, R.J.; Batey, J.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Current in a quantum driven thermostatted system with off-diagonal disorder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze a one-dimensional quantum model with off-diagonal disorder, consisting of a sequence of potential energy barriers whose width is a random variable either uniformly or "half-normally" distributed, subjected to an external electric field. We shed light on how the microscopic disorder affects the value of the transmission coefficient, and on the structure of the fluctuations around the solutions corresponding to the regular lattice configuration. We also characterize the asymptotic limit obtained by letting the number of barriers diverge, while their total width is kept constant. Thus, we explain the novelty of our method with respect to the standard thermodynamic limit discussed in the literature, and also evidence the onset of a large deviations principle for the transmission coefficient.

Matteo Colangeli; Marco Pizzi; Lamberto Rondoni

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

194

How Usage is Charged at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

usage usage is charged How usage is charged MPP Charging (Computational Systems) When a job runs on a NERSC MPP system, such as Hopper, charges accrue against one of the user's repository allocations. The unit of accounting for these charges is the "MPP Hour". A parallel job is charged for exclusive use of each multi-core node allocated to the job. The MPP charge for such a job is calculated as the product of: the job's elapsed wall-clock time in hours, the number of nodes allocated to the job (regardless of the number actually used), the number of cores available on each allocated node, a machine charge factor (MCF) based on typical performance of the machine relative to Hopper (MCF=1.0), and a queue charge factor (QCF). Queue priority scheduling gives users

195

Automobile usage patterns. Highlight report. Volume XIV  

SciTech Connect

A report is given as part of a series of studies dealing with general public behavior and attitudes towards energy conservation. Specifically, this study concentrates on automobile usage patterns. The study is based on 1,007 telephone interviews and includes topics such as car usage affected by lifestyle, car usage patterns, planned trips as compared with routine or spontaneous trips, times per week trip is usually made, analysis of trips, the extent to which shopping trips are done by phone instead of by car, willingness to cut out trips, factors deterring car use, and a summary which concludes that the primary way that people could cut down automobile use without eliminating leisure time use would be in more careful planning of trip for shopping and errands. Another important finding in this study is lack of sensitivity to gasoline prices. (GRA)

Rappeport, M.; Labaw, P.

1975-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

CloudMonitor: Profiling Power Usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Cloud Computing platforms the addition of hardware monitoring devices to gather power usage data can be impractical or uneconomical due to the large number of machines to be metered. CloudMonitor, a monitoring tool that can generate power models for software-based power estimation, can provide insights to the energy costs of deployments without additional hardware. Accurate power usage data leads to the possibility of Cloud providers creating a separate tariff for power and therefore incentivizing software developers to create energy-efficient applications.

Smith, James William; Ward, Jonathan Stuart; Sommerville, Ian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Reducing the Energy Usage of Office Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we demonstrate how component-based middleware can reduce the energy usage of closed-source applications. We rst describe how the Puppeteer system exploits well-dened interfaces exported by applications to modify their behavior. We then present a detailed study of the energy usage of Microsoft's PowerPoint application and show that adaptive policies can reduce energy expenditure by 49% in some instances. In addition, we use the results of the study to provide general advice to developers of applications and middleware that will enable them to create more energy-ecient software. 1

Jason Flinn; Eyal De Lara; M. Satyanarayanan; Dan S. Wallach; Willy Zwaenepoel; Willy

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Identifying diverse usage behaviors of smartphone apps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smartphone users are increasingly shifting to using apps as "gateways" to Internet services rather than traditional web browsers. App marketplaces for iOS, Android, and Windows Phone platforms have made it attractive for developers to deploy apps and ... Keywords: app usage behavior, smartphone apps

Qiang Xu; Jeffrey Erman; Alexandre Gerber; Zhuoqing Mao; Jeffrey Pang; Shobha Venkataraman

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Central Hudson Gas and Electric (Gas) - Commercial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Energy Commercial Energy Efficiency Program Central Hudson Gas and Electric (Gas) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Construction Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate See Program Info State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Furnace: $500 Furnace with ECM Fan: $700 - $900 Water Boiler: $800 - $1,200 Steam Boiler: $800 Boiler Reset Control: $100 Indirect Water Heater: $300 Programmable Thermostats: $25 Provider Central Hudson Gas and Electric The Business Energy SavingsCentral program is for non-residential gas customers of Central Hudson. This includes businesses, local governments,

200

Electricity over IP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mostly Pointless Lamp Switching (MPLampS) is an architecture for carrying electricity over IP (with an MPLS control plane). According to our marketing department, MPLampS has the potential to dramatically lower the price, ease the distribution and usage, ...

B. Rajagopalan

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

DTE Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lighting ControlsSensors, Motor VFDs, Programmable Thermostats, Refrigerators, Windows Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility Energy Category Energy Efficiency...

202

Trends in Building Energy Usage in Texas State Agencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In late 1983, a cost containment program was initiated out of the governor's office directed at the major state agencies. The Energy Management Group at Texas A&M University provided technical expertise in obtaining agency energy usage and cost figures for the fiscal years 1981 to 1983. While there is considerable diversity from agency to agency, the trend is toward dramatically higher energy cost per square foot for virtually all agencies. This alarming trend can be partially explained by rising unit costs for gas and electricity and a lack of incentives for conservation efforts due to the method of utility budget allocations. A building standard signed into law in 1976 could have reduced energy consumption, but was never enforced. Beginning in fiscal year 1986, universities will be allowed to comingle utility money with capital operating money so that conservation can really pay off for them.

Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.; O'Neal, D. L.; Seshan, S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Energy usage of rotating biological contractor facilities  

SciTech Connect

A recent US Environmental Protection Agency field study investigated the energy requirements for rotating biological contactor (RBC) units. The energy measurements for mechanically driven units varied considerably, but the overall average of 2.03 kW/shaft was very close to current manufacturer estimates. The power factor of most of the mechanically driven units was very low, and most installations could benefit from power factor correction. The energy requirements of air driven units also were highly variable and must be evaluated on an individual plant basis. The results of this study provide factual data on energy usage of RBC units, as well as a basis for developing design and operational considerations to reduce energy usage and maximize operational flexibility and plant performance. 9 references, 7 tables.

Gilbert, W.G.; Wheeler, J.F.; MacGregor, A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Green Button Helps More Consumers Click with Their Energy Usage...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Helps More Consumers Click with Their Energy Usage Data Green Button Helps More Consumers Click with Their Energy Usage Data September 12, 2013 - 2:41pm Addthis At the White House...

205

Soy Protein ProductsChapter 7 Regulations Regarding Usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soy Protein Products Chapter 7 Regulations Regarding Usage Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 7 Regulations Regarding Usage from the

206

Energy Usage Data Standard for US Smart Grid Passes Key ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Usage Data Standard for US Smart Grid Passes Key Advisory Panel Vote. From NIST Tech Beat: March 1, 2011. ...

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The impact of residential density on vehicle usage and fuel consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on vehicle usage and energy consumption. Journal of Urbanon vehicle usage and fuel consumption Jinwon Kim and Davidon vehicle usage and fuel consumption* Jinwon Kim and David

Kim, Jinwon; Brownstone, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential transportation energy usage is vital for theDensity on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption Table 2Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption with

Golob, Thomas F.; Brownstone, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

How Households Use Different Types of Vehicles: A Structural Driver Allocation and Usage Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

types Mini cars have approximately average usage. SubcompactCompact cars have greater than average usage only if theycar is driven morethan otherwise expected. The . -elationships between usage

Golob, Thomas F.; Kim, Seyoung; Ren, Weiping

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

An Ocean Dynamical Thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of ocean dynamics in the regulation of tropical sea surface temperatures (SSTs) is investigated using the Zebiak-Cane coupled occan-atmosphere model. The model is forced with a uniform heating, or cooling, varying between 40 W m?2 into ...

Amy C. Clement; Richard Seager; Mark A. Cane; Stephen E. Zebiak

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Affording Gas and Electricity: Self Disconnection and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity, but this seems to be because gas prepayers have lower average income than electricity prepayersAffording Gas and Electricity: Self Disconnection and Rationing by Prepayment and Low Income Credit interview schedule................................... liv #12;2 Fuel Usage and Consumption Patterns of Low

Feigon, Brooke

212

Controlling electrical costs with energy management  

SciTech Connect

Energy Management Systems have been proven to be extremely effective in reducing electrical energy costs. This particular system is also capable of monitoring natural gas usage and even regulating that usage with the control of valves. Controlling electrical energy usage must be a cooperative effort between the plant where the system is to be installed and the manufacturer of the Energy Management Controller. The latter can be assisted by being advised of which loads are able to be shed and how shedding those loads affect production.

Collins, W.M.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Simple strategies for minimization of cooling water usage in binary power plants  

SciTech Connect

The geothermal resources which could be used for the production of electrical power in the United States are located for the most part in the semi-arid western regions of the country. The availability of ground or surface water in the quantity or quality desired for a conventional wet'' heat rejections system represents a barrier to the development of these resources with the binary cycle technology. This paper investigates some simple strategies to minimize the cooling water usage of binary power plants. The cooling water usage is reduced by increasing the thermal efficiency of the plant. Three methods of accomplishing this are considered here: increasing the average source temperature, by increasing the geofluid outlet temperature; decreasing pinch points on the heat rejection heat exchangers, increasing their size; and using internal recuperation within the cycle. In addition to the impact on water usage, the impact on cost-of-electricity is determined. The paper shows that some of these strategies can reduce the cooling water requirements 20 to 30% over that for a plant similar to the Heber Binary Plant, with a net reduction in the cost-of-electricity of about 15%. 13 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Bliem, C.J.; Mines, G.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Simple strategies for minimization of cooling water usage in binary power plants  

SciTech Connect

The geothermal resources which could be used for the production of electrical power in the United States are located for the most part in the semi-arid western regions of the country. The availability of ground or surface water in the quantity or quality desired for a conventional wet'' heat rejections system represents a barrier to the development of these resources with the binary cycle technology. This paper investigates some simple strategies to minimize the cooling water usage of binary power plants. The cooling water usage is reduced by increasing the thermal efficiency of the plant. Three methods of accomplishing this are considered here: increasing the average source temperature, by increasing the geofluid outlet temperature; decreasing pinch points on the heat rejection heat exchangers, increasing their size; and using internal recuperation within the cycle. In addition to the impact on water usage, the impact on cost-of-electricity is determined. The paper shows that some of these strategies can reduce the cooling water requirements 20 to 30% over that for a plant similar to the Heber Binary Plant, with a net reduction in the cost-of-electricity of about 15%. 13 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Bliem, C.J.; Mines, G.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

An assessment of worldwide supercomputer usage  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a comparative study of advanced supercomputing usage in Japan and the United States as of Spring 1994. It is based on the findings of a group of US scientists whose careers have centered on programming, evaluating, and designing high-performance supercomputers for over ten years. The report is a follow-on to an assessment of supercomputing technology in Europe and Japan that was published in 1993. Whereas the previous study focused on supercomputer manufacturing capabilities, the primary focus of the current work was to compare where and how supercomputers are used. Research for this report was conducted through both literature studies and field research in Japan.

Wasserman, H.J.; Simmons, M.L.; Hayes, A.H.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

ConEd (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ConEd (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program ConEd (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program ConEd (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Incentives Program < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heating Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central A/C: $400 or $600 Central Air Source Heat Pump: $400 or $600 Electric Heat Pump Water Heater: $400 Energy Star Thermostats: up to $25 Duct Sealing: $100/hr Air Sealing: $75/hr Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $50 Con Edison is offering the Residential HVAC Electric Rebate Program.

217

Battery management system for Li-Ion batteries in hybrid electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Battery Management System (BMS) is the component responsible for the effcient and safe usage of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) battery pack. Its main (more)

Marangoni, Giacomo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Optimal Planning and Operation of Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or cooling loads via absorption cooling. The outputs of DER-for hot water usage and absorption cooling, thereby allowingutilization and absorption cooling reduces the electricity

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Electrical engineering Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generation Transmission Distribution · Electrical generators · Electric motors · High voltage engineering associated with the systems Electrical engineering · Electric power generation Transmission Distribution The electricity transported to load locations from a power station transmission subsystem The transmission system

?nay, Devrim

220

Reducing Energy Usage in Extractive Distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Butadiene 1:3 is separated from other C4-hydrocarbons by extractive distillation in a sieve plate tower. Prior to the development work to be described, the pressure in the extraction tower was controlled at a fixed value. The tower pressure-boilup control loop did not behave satisfactorily in the presence of non-condensables which entered with the feed. The capacity of the flooded reflux drum condenser for the tower was limiting production during summer months. The tower pressure control loop was put on manual. The pressure was allowed to drop to its lowest attainable value for the existing conditions of boilup and condenser cooling capability. This manner of operation is known as floating pressure control. By taking advantage of the higher relative volatility at the lower tower pressure, energy usage was reduced and there was an increase in production capacity. The tower operation at a lower temperature reduced tower and reboiler fouling. Substantial savings have resulted from these improvements. The annual energy consumption has been reduced by 25% and maximum productive capacity is higher by 15%. The rate of tower and reboiler fouling has not been fully quantified but is greatly reduced. A more stable tower operation has also contributed to higher productivity and reduced energy usage. Venting of non-condensables does not affect tower stability and the operators have adapted well to the new control strategy.

Saxena, A. C.; Bhandari, V. A.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Pricing Experiments for a Computer-Telephony-Service Usage Allocation Jimmy S. Shih, Randy H. Katz, Anthony D. Joseph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pricing Experiments for a Computer-Telephony-Service Usage Allocation Jimmy S. Shih, Randy H. Katz, Anthony D. Joseph Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science University of California to entice users to talk less, talk at another time, or use a lower quality connection. With our token scheme

Joseph, Anthony D.

222

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Energy Usage Forecasts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Usage Forecasts Energy Usage Forecasts Energy Usage Forecasts Quick and easy web-based tool that provides free 14-day ahead energy usage forecasts based on the degree day forecasts for 1,200 stations in the U.S. and Canada. The user enters the daily non-weather base load and the usage per degree day weather factor; the tool applies the degree day forecast and displays the total energy usage forecast. Helpful FAQs explain the process and describe various options for the calculation of the base load and weather factor. Historical degree day reports and 14-day ahead degree day forecasts are available from the same site. Keywords degree days, historical weather, mean daily temperature, load calculation, energy simulation Validation/Testing Degree day data provided by AccuWeather.com, updated daily at 0700.

223

Cleaning optimization for reduced chemical usage  

SciTech Connect

The use of dilute SC-1 (NH40H:H202:H20) chemistry cleaning processes for particle removal from silicon surfaces has been investigated. Dilute chemistries can be highly effective, especially when high- frequency acoustic energy (megasonics) is applied. The high particle removal efficacy of the dilute chemistry processes presumably arises due to increased double layer effects caused by reduced ionic strength. Dilute chemistry SC- I solutions exhibit somewhat reduced efficacy for removal of certain light organics; however, when dilute SC-1 is used along with other pre-gate cleaning steps (e.g. HF, SC-2, and piranha), then the overall cleaning sequence is quite effective. In addition to providing robust cleaning processes, dilute chemistries also result in significantly lower chemical and rinse water usage. Waste water treatment requirements are also lessened when dilute chemistry cleaning solutions are employed.

Resnick, P.J.; Simonson, G.C.; Matlock, C.A.; Kelly, M.J.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Predictions of thermal comfort and pollutant distributions for a thermostatically-controlled, air-conditioned, partitioned room: Numerical results and enhanced graphical presentation  

SciTech Connect

An index of local thermal comfort and pollutant distributions have been computed with the TEMPEST computer code, in a transient simulation of an air-conditioned enclosure with an incomplete partition. This complex three-dimensional air conditioning problem included forced ventilation through inlet veins, flow through a partition, remote return air vents, and infiltration source, a pollutant source, and a thermostatically controlled air conditioning system. Five forced ventilation schemes that varied in vent areas and face velocities were simulated. Thermal comfort was modeled as a three-dimensional scalar field dependent on the fluid velocity and temperature fields; where humidity activity levels, and clothing were considered constants. Pollutants transport was incorporated through an additional constituent diffusion equation. Six distinct graphic techniques for the visualization of the three-dimensional data fields of air velocity, temperature, and comfort index were tested. 4 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

White, M.D.; Eyler, L.L.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Form EIA-457E (2001) -- Household Bottled Gas Usage  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Fuel Oil or Kerosene Usage Form OMB No. 1905-0092, Expiring February 29, 2004 2001 Residential Energy Consumption Survey Answers to Frequently Asked Questions About the...

226

POWER PLANT WATER USAGE AND LOSS STUDY - Final  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POWER PLANT WATER USAGE AND LOSS STUDY August 2005 Revised May 2007 Prepared for: The United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory DOE Gasification...

227

Child Care Availability and Usage Among Welfare Recipients  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Child Care Availability and Usage Among Welfare Recipients 1the impact that the availability of nearby licensed care hasemployment and that the availability of nearby licensed care

Houston, Douglas; Ong, Paul M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

NANOFAB TOOL USAGE RATES Effective 1/1/13  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Application specific training beyond general tool usage will require additional training time and should be discussed with process engineer prior to ...

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

229

VEHICLE USAGE LOG Department ________________________________________ Vehicle Homebase ____________________________ Week Ended (Sunday) _________________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VEHICLE USAGE LOG Department ________________________________________ Vehicle Homebase of the owning Unit. Vehicle Homebase: Enter the City, Zip Code, Building, or other location designation. Week

Johnston, Daniel

230

Electrical energy consideration and payment in an Australian University  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses an attempt to obtain a formula to calculate the energy consumption for each faculty of a university from the faculty statistics or, at least, to calculate a change of energy allowance based on changing faculty statistics. Topics considered include the university plant, factors contributing to electrical energy usage (base load component, personnel component, laboratory-workshop component), the faculty energy usage equation, establishing the values of the formula constants, estimating energy usage, and faculty energy savings.

Bonwick, W.J.; Cappadona, J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

myPower Pricing Pilot Final Findings myPower Pricing Pilot Segments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understand how price signals can influence customers' energy usage patterns. Test customers' reaction 319 Residential Rate* RS TOU-CPP (RSP) TOU-CPP (RSP) Equipment Electric interval meter Electric interval meter Electric interval meter Programmable thermostat Two-way communications infrastructure - PLC

232

Electric Power Waveform Distortion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineering issues regarding waveform distortion, harmonics, radio-frequency noise, and similar concerns have existed as long as there has been a power industry. These deal with consequences ranging from heating of transformers and machinery to telephone and radio interference. While waveform distortion has been around for a long time, the sources of harmonics and electromagnetic noise owned by the electricity customer have proliferated in recent years with the widespread usage of such things as switchin...

2012-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

233

Predicting Energy Usage in a Supermarket  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Very little is known about the energy using systems in commercial and retail stores, which consume 24.8% of the energy used by all commercial buildings. This paper describes development of a change-point regression model for predicting the hourly and daily electrical use of a supermarket. Operational improvements already identified with the model can save the store over 4% of their electricity cost annually. Further analysis is expected to save the store additional energy costs.

Schrock, D. W.; Claridge, D. E.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

National Grid (Electric) - Residential EnergyWise Incentive Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermostat: 50% of cost 7-day Programmable Thermostat: 25 Deep Energy Retrofit Insulation Pilot Program: 2 - 3.50sq ft (base); 1.75sq ft (performance) Central AC or...

235

Usage derived recommendations for a video digital library  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a minimalist methodology to develop usage-based recommender systems for multimedia digital libraries. A prototype recommender system based on this strategy was implemented for the Open Video Project, a digital library of videos that are freely ... Keywords: Open Video Project, Recommender systems, Usage analysis, Video

Johan Bollen; Michael L. Nelson; Gary Geisler; Raquel Araujo

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Towards appliance usage prediction for home energy management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we address the problem of predicting the usage of home appliances where a key challenge is to model the everyday routine of homeowners and the inter-dependency between the use of different appliances. To this end, we propose an agent based ... Keywords: home energy management, usage prediction

Ngoc Cuong Truong, Long Tran-Thanh, Enrico Costanza, Sarvapali D. Ramchurn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

A MOOS MODULE FOR MONITORING ENERGY USAGE OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A MOOS MODULE FOR MONITORING ENERGY USAGE OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES Anthony Kanago, Kevin Roos, James--Tracking the energy usage of an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) and making accurate data available provides especially effectively in energy-aware systems, allowing inspection vehicles (which typically travel farther

Idaho, University of

238

Cloud resource usage: extreme distributions invalidating traditional capacity planning models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For years Capacity Planning professionals knew or suspected that various characteristics of computer usage have non-normal distribution. At the same time much of the traditional workload modeling and forecasting is based on mathematical techniques assuming ... Keywords: capacity planning, power law, probability distributions, resource usage, volatility

Charles Z. Loboz

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Gas) - Commercial Energy Efficiency...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Institutional, Local Government, Nonprofit, Schools Eligible Technologies Boilers, Energy Mgmt. SystemsBuilding Controls, Furnaces, Programmable Thermostats, Water Heaters...

240

Austin Utilities (Gas and Electric) - Residential Conserve and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat pumps, Lighting, Programmable Thermostats, Refrigerators, Water Heaters, Windows, Geothermal Heat Pumps, LED Lighting, Drain Water Heat Recovery, Tankless Water...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat pumps, Lighting, Programmable Thermostats, Refrigerators, Water Heaters, Windows, Room Air Conditioners, Geothermal Heat Pumps, Appliance Recycling, Home Energy...

242

Unit Cost Electricity | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8 8 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142281518 Varnish cache server Unit Cost Electricity Dataset Summary Description Provides annual energy usage for years 1989 through 2010 for UT at Austin; specifically, electricity usage (kWh), natural gas usage (Mcf), associated costs. Also provides water consumption for 2005 through 2010. Source University of Texas (UT) at Austin, Utilities & Energy Management Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords Electricity Consumption Natural Gas Texas Unit Cost Electricity Unit Cost Natural Gas University Water Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Energy and Water Use Data for UT-Austin (xls, 32.8 KiB) Quality Metrics

243

Designing a Residential Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage System Based on the Energy Buffering Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the electricity price is low and supply energy for usage when the electricity price is high [6], and thereby energy buffering. Figure 3 shows the structure of a typical grid-connected HEES system. Without loss the proposed energy management system is targeting residential usage, we must limit its overall form factor

Pedram, Massoud

244

Evidence from Two Large Field Experiments that Peer Comparison Feedback Can Reduce Residential Energy Usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: By providing feedback to customers on home electricity and natural gas usage with a focus on peer comparisons, utilities can reduce energy consumption at a low cost. We analyze data from two large-scale, random-assignment field experiments conducted by utility companies providing electricity (the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD)) and electricity and natural gas (Puget Sound Energy (PSE)), in partnership with a private company, Positive Energy/oPower, which provides monthly or quarterly mailed peer feedback reports to customers. We find reductions in energy consumption of 1.2 % (PSE) to 2.1% percent (SMUD), with the decrease sustained over time (seven months (PSE) and twelve months (SMUD)).

Ian Ayres Yale; Sophie Raseman Yale; Alice Shih Yale; Ian Ayres; Sophie Raseman; Alice Shih

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Energy test method development for electric heat pump water heaters  

SciTech Connect

Modifications are proposed for the current US Department of Energy test procedures for water heaters in order to make them applicable to electric heat pump water heaters. The modifications are in the areas of definitions and technical procedures. The latter include the test conditions, test procedures and measurements, and calculations. Reasons for making these modifications and laboratory test data are provided to support the modifications in the technical procedures. The main modifications include: (1) lowering the water supply temperature from 70/sup 0/F to 55/sup 0/F, (2) lowering the tank thermostat setting from 160/sup 0/F to 145/sup 0/F to maintain the same 90/sup 0/F temperature rise, (3) measuring the power input instead of using the nameplate rating as in the case for an electric water heater, and (4) measuring the recovery efficiency instead of calculating it by using the standby losses in the case for an electric water heater.

Wan, C.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Scalable Feature Mining for Sequential Data Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scalable Feature Mining for Sequential Data Neal Lesh Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab. 201, DNA sequences, web usage data, multi­player games, and plan execution traces. In sequential domains

Zaki, Mohammed Javeed

247

2012 Portland General Electric. All rights reserved. Planning for Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2/13/2013 1 © 2012 Portland General Electric. All rights reserved. Planning for Demand Response their usage. Demand Response ­ PGE Current Status 10 Automated Demand R

248

Ownership and usage of small passenger vehicles: findings from the 1977 National Personal Transportation Study  

SciTech Connect

This report examines current patterns in the ownership and usage of small vehicles by private households. The analysis was conducted to shed additional light on the market potential for smaller, energy efficient vehicles, in particular, electric cars. The 1977 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS) was used to obtain information on the socio-demographic characteristics and the travel and vehicle ownership behavior of US households based on a national probability sample. The issues posed to direct the investigation of small vehicle ownership and use behavior include: the ownership of small vehicles; the proportion of the private vehicle population accounted for by small vehicles; how small and large vehicles compare in terms of physical characteristics and performance and terms of usage; and how small/large vehicle ownership and usage differences are explained by household differences or physical differences in the vehicles themselves. The study's approach to these issues has focused on descriptive data analysis, employing such tools as cross-classification tables, distributions, and graphic displays. (MCW)

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

POWER PLANT WATER USAGE AND LOSS STUDY - Final  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POWER PLANT WATER USAGE AND LOSS STUDY POWER PLANT WATER USAGE AND LOSS STUDY August 2005 Revised May 2007 Prepared for: The United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory DOE Gasification Technology Manager: Gary J. Stiegel DOE Project Manager: James R. Longanbach Project Manager: Michael D. Rutkowski Principal Investigators: Michael G. Klett Norma J. Kuehn Ronald L. Schoff Vladimir Vaysman Jay S. White Power Plant Water Usage and Loss Study i August 2005 TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS ...................................................................................................................... I LIST OF TABLES.............................................................................................................................III

250

Black Hills Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programmable Thermostats, Evaporative Coolers, Geothermal Heat Pumps, Energy Audits, LED Lighting, Retro-Commissioning Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility Energy...

251

Xcel Energy (Electric) - Residential Conservation Programs |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

thermal storage, programmable thermostats, and high efficiency gas furnaces and boilers. The water heater rebate is only available to those who do not live in an area with...

252

Energy Efficiency Fund (Electric) - Commercial and Industrial...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Comprehensive MeasuresWhole Building, Compressed air, CustomOthers pending approval, Energy Mgmt. SystemsBuilding Controls, Programmable Thermostats, Windows, Commercial...

253

Consumers Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat pumps, Lighting, Motor VFDs, Programmable Thermostats, Refrigerators, Geothermal Heat Pumps, Pipe Wrap, Refrigerator Recycling, Mobile Home Belly Insulation in Low Income...

254

Fill Line Spring Electrode Crystals Spacer Electrical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Oscilloscope Voltmeter Scanner Cryostat/Thermostat Proposed Pulse-Echo Apparatus for Measurement of the Speed-of-Sound in Liquids

2000-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

255

Efficiency United and Energy Optimization (Electric) - Residential...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Recycling: 30 Pipe Wrap: 4 Heat Pump Water Heater: 100 Programmable Thermostat: 20 Energy Savings Kit: Free with free online energy audit Equipment Requirements Clothes...

256

Energy Optimization (Electric) - Residential Efficiency Program...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ft Heat Pump Water Heater: 100 Programmable Thermostat: 20 Low Flow Aerator Kit: 10 Energy Savings Kit: Free with free online energy audit Equipment Requirements Appliances:...

257

Video game console usage and national energy consumption: Results from a field-metering study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of usage nationwide, we can estimate total national energythe total combined energy use. 3. Average usage over alltotal game console usage, this suggests that an appreciable fraction of console energy

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential transportation energy usage is vital for theDensity on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption ReferencesDensity on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption UCI-ITS-WP-

Golob, Thomas F; Brownstone, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

How Households Use Different Types of Vehicles: A Structural Driver Allocation and Usage Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the first car. Mid-size car usage also involves the secondTypes Mini cars have approximately average usage. SubcompactCompact cars have greater than average usage only if they

Golob, Thomas F.; Kim, Seyoung K.; Ren, Weiping Willliam

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption References Bento,Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption UCI-ITS-WP-05-1 Thomason Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption Thomas F. Golob

Golob, Thomas F; Brownstone, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Broad Initiatives/Sharp Focus- Cuts Electricity Consumption 15%  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of electrical consumption can payout in reduced energy costs. Continuous monitoring of electrical usage coupled with improvements and optimization in system(s) operations can have a favorable impact on annual operating expenditures. Further, participation in local utility rebate programs to reduce electrical consumption will enhance funding of energy efficient programs.

Gialanella, V.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Energy Usage Information: Lessons from the Credit Reporting Industry.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Usage Information: Lessons from the Credit Reporting Industry. Energy Usage Information: Lessons from the Credit Reporting Industry. Speaker(s): Philip Henderson Date: October 4, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page There has been much discussion about the use of customer energy usage information to deliver value, such as with benchmarking tools that compare energy use in a building to a peer set, continuous commissioning services that diagnose faults in building systems, and tools that estimate expected savings from upgrades. A utility can use customer information to deliver these kinds of services to its customers directly, but most utilities today do not enable companies to obtain a customer's energy usage information in a systematic, automated way to deliver services to the customer, even if

263

Memory Usage Inference for Object-Oriented Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a type-based approach to statically derive symbolic closed-form formulae that characterize the bounds of heap memory usages of programs written in object-oriented languages. Given a program with size and alias ...

Nguyen, Huu Hai

264

People are Strange: Current Behavioral Insights into Energy Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

People are Strange: Current Behavioral Insights into Energy Usage Speaker(s): Susan Mazur-Stommen Date: October 10, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-1099 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

265

Energy Usage Information: Lessons from the Credit Reporting Industry...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Usage Information: Lessons from the Credit Reporting Industry. Speaker(s): Philip Henderson Date: October 4, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

266

Usage of Appliances in U - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Households Usage of Appliances in 1997. Household PCs by Year. The number of personal computers (PCs) in U.S. households has risen from zero in 1976, when the ...

267

UC Libraries Academic e-Book Usage Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Usage Study [Q1. Create condition: academic e-book users] 1.Do you use e-books for your academic work? (Select one) a.you generally prefer print books or e-books? (Select one) a.

Li, Chan; Poe, Felicia; Potter, Michele; Quigley, Brian; Wilson, Jacqueline

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

RECS Propane Usage Form_v1 (Draft).xps  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

propane usage for this housing unit between September 2008 and April 2010. Delivery Number Enter the Delivery Date for each delivery 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Enter the Total Dollar...

269

FATIGUEPRO: On-Line Fatigue Usage Transient Monitoring System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FATIGUEPRO accurately monitors plant data to calculate actual fatigue usage for critical nuclear plant components. This system should improve plant reliability and contribute to plant life extension by providing a more realistic estimation of fatigue demands.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

NanoFab User Facility Usage Fee Schedule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. NanoFab User Facility Usage Fee Schedule Effective 11/1/09 Tool Full Rate ($/hr) Reduced Rate ($/hr) Base NanoFab Use 60 30 ...

271

Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Identify Vehicle Usage Mission Constraints for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:46am Addthis YOU ARE HERE: Step 2 As Federal agencies work to identify opportunities for right-sizing the fleet and replacing inefficient vehicles with new, efficient, and/or alternatively fueled models to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, they should flag potential mission constraints associated with vehicle usage. This may involve further data collection to understand the mission considerations associated with individual vehicles. For instance, in Figure 1, Vehicle 004 appears to be underutilized, having both a low user-to-vehicle ratio and a relatively low time in use per day. However,

272

The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding total residential transportation energy usageon Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption total annual fuelUsage and Energy Consumption Gasoline-equivalent gallons per year total

Golob, Thomas F; Brownstone, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

"Table HC15.13 Lighting Usage Indicators by Four Most Populated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by Four Most Populated States, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,"Housing Units (millions)","Four Most Populated States" "Lighting Usage...

274

The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption Table 2 Housing Unitsresidential vehicular energy consumption is graphed as aon Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption with vehicles, but

Golob, Thomas F.; Brownstone, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The impact of residential density on vehicle usage and fuel consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characteristics on household residential choice and auto2009. The impact of residential density on vehicle usage and2010-05) The impact of residential density on vehicle usage

Kim, Jinwon; Brownstone, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Evaluation of evolving residential electricity tariffs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residential customers in California's Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) territory have seen several electricity rate structure changes in the past decade. This poster: examines the history of the residential pricing structure and key milestones; summarizes and analyzes the usage between 2006 and 2009 for different baseline/climate areas; discusses the residential electricity Smart Meter roll out; and compares sample bills for customers in two climates under the current pricing structure and also the future time of use (TOU) structure.

Lai, Judy; DeForest, Nicholas; Kiliccote, Sila; Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Saving Electricity | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Programmable thermostats can save you money on utility bills. May 30, 2012 Image of a heat exchanger. | Photo from iStockphoto.com Heat Exchangers for Solar Water Heating...

278

Customer reponse to day-ahead wholesale market electricity prices: Case study of RTP program experience in New York  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response to Electricity Real-Time Prices: Short Run and LongElectricity Usage to Real Time Prices A-31 v List ofwere linked to real-time prices, most customers indicated

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Portland General Electric Company P.U.C. Oregon No. E-17 Original Sheet No. 86-1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

service that allows participating Consumers an opportunity to voluntarily reduce their Electricity usagePortland General Electric Company P.U.C. Oregon No. E-17 Original Sheet No. 86-1 Advice No. 00-14A participating Consumers of the opportunity to reduce Energy usage. AVAILABLE In all territory served

280

2011 Radioactive Materials Usage Survey for Unmonitored Point Sources  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the results of the 2011 Radioactive Materials Usage Survey for Unmonitored Point Sources (RMUS), which was updated by the Environmental Protection (ENV) Division's Environmental Stewardship (ES) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). ES classifies LANL emission sources into one of four Tiers, based on the potential effective dose equivalent (PEDE) calculated for each point source. Detailed descriptions of these tiers are provided in Section 3. The usage survey is conducted annually; in odd-numbered years the survey addresses all monitored and unmonitored point sources and in even-numbered years it addresses all Tier III and various selected other sources. This graded approach was designed to ensure that the appropriate emphasis is placed on point sources that have higher potential emissions to the environment. For calendar year (CY) 2011, ES has divided the usage survey into two distinct reports, one covering the monitored point sources (to be completed later this year) and this report covering all unmonitored point sources. This usage survey includes the following release points: (1) all unmonitored sources identified in the 2010 usage survey, (2) any new release points identified through the new project review (NPR) process, and (3) other release points as designated by the Rad-NESHAP Team Leader. Data for all unmonitored point sources at LANL is stored in the survey files at ES. LANL uses this survey data to help demonstrate compliance with Clean Air Act radioactive air emissions regulations (40 CFR 61, Subpart H). The remainder of this introduction provides a brief description of the information contained in each section. Section 2 of this report describes the methods that were employed for gathering usage survey data and for calculating usage, emissions, and dose for these point sources. It also references the appropriate ES procedures for further information. Section 3 describes the RMUS and explains how the survey results are organized. The RMUS Interview Form with the attached RMUS Process Form(s) provides the radioactive materials survey data by technical area (TA) and building number. The survey data for each release point includes information such as: exhaust stack identification number, room number, radioactive material source type (i.e., potential source or future potential source of air emissions), radionuclide, usage (in curies) and usage basis, physical state (gas, liquid, particulate, solid, or custom), release fraction (from Appendix D to 40 CFR 61, Subpart H), and process descriptions. In addition, the interview form also calculates emissions (in curies), lists mrem/Ci factors, calculates PEDEs, and states the location of the critical receptor for that release point. [The critical receptor is the maximum exposed off-site member of the public, specific to each individual facility.] Each of these data fields is described in this section. The Tier classification of release points, which was first introduced with the 1999 usage survey, is also described in detail in this section. Section 4 includes a brief discussion of the dose estimate methodology, and includes a discussion of several release points of particular interest in the CY 2011 usage survey report. It also includes a table of the calculated PEDEs for each release point at its critical receptor. Section 5 describes ES's approach to Quality Assurance (QA) for the usage survey. Satisfactory completion of the survey requires that team members responsible for Rad-NESHAP (National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants) compliance accurately collect and process several types of information, including radioactive materials usage data, process information, and supporting information. They must also perform and document the QA reviews outlined in Section 5.2.6 (Process Verification and Peer Review) of ES-RN, 'Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Rad-NESHAP Compliance Project' to verify that all information is complete and correct.

Sturgeon, Richard W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

2011 Radioactive Materials Usage Survey for Unmonitored Point Sources  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the results of the 2011 Radioactive Materials Usage Survey for Unmonitored Point Sources (RMUS), which was updated by the Environmental Protection (ENV) Division's Environmental Stewardship (ES) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). ES classifies LANL emission sources into one of four Tiers, based on the potential effective dose equivalent (PEDE) calculated for each point source. Detailed descriptions of these tiers are provided in Section 3. The usage survey is conducted annually; in odd-numbered years the survey addresses all monitored and unmonitored point sources and in even-numbered years it addresses all Tier III and various selected other sources. This graded approach was designed to ensure that the appropriate emphasis is placed on point sources that have higher potential emissions to the environment. For calendar year (CY) 2011, ES has divided the usage survey into two distinct reports, one covering the monitored point sources (to be completed later this year) and this report covering all unmonitored point sources. This usage survey includes the following release points: (1) all unmonitored sources identified in the 2010 usage survey, (2) any new release points identified through the new project review (NPR) process, and (3) other release points as designated by the Rad-NESHAP Team Leader. Data for all unmonitored point sources at LANL is stored in the survey files at ES. LANL uses this survey data to help demonstrate compliance with Clean Air Act radioactive air emissions regulations (40 CFR 61, Subpart H). The remainder of this introduction provides a brief description of the information contained in each section. Section 2 of this report describes the methods that were employed for gathering usage survey data and for calculating usage, emissions, and dose for these point sources. It also references the appropriate ES procedures for further information. Section 3 describes the RMUS and explains how the survey results are organized. The RMUS Interview Form with the attached RMUS Process Form(s) provides the radioactive materials survey data by technical area (TA) and building number. The survey data for each release point includes information such as: exhaust stack identification number, room number, radioactive material source type (i.e., potential source or future potential source of air emissions), radionuclide, usage (in curies) and usage basis, physical state (gas, liquid, particulate, solid, or custom), release fraction (from Appendix D to 40 CFR 61, Subpart H), and process descriptions. In addition, the interview form also calculates emissions (in curies), lists mrem/Ci factors, calculates PEDEs, and states the location of the critical receptor for that release point. [The critical receptor is the maximum exposed off-site member of the public, specific to each individual facility.] Each of these data fields is described in this section. The Tier classification of release points, which was first introduced with the 1999 usage survey, is also described in detail in this section. Section 4 includes a brief discussion of the dose estimate methodology, and includes a discussion of several release points of particular interest in the CY 2011 usage survey report. It also includes a table of the calculated PEDEs for each release point at its critical receptor. Section 5 describes ES's approach to Quality Assurance (QA) for the usage survey. Satisfactory completion of the survey requires that team members responsible for Rad-NESHAP (National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants) compliance accurately collect and process several types of information, including radioactive materials usage data, process information, and supporting information. They must also perform and document the QA reviews outlined in Section 5.2.6 (Process Verification and Peer Review) of ES-RN, 'Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Rad-NESHAP Compliance Project' to verify that all information is complete and correct.

Sturgeon, Richard W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

282

Associating Internet usage with depressive behavior among college students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Depression is a mental health problem affecting a large population of college students. Since college students are active users of the Internet today, investigating associations between symptoms of depression and Internet usage has been an active area of research. While existing studies do provide critical insights, they are limited due to the fact that Internet usage of subjects is characterized by means of self-reported surveys only. In this paper, we report our findings on a month long experiment conducted at Missouri University of Science and Technology on associating depressive symptoms among college students and Internet usage using real Internet data collected continuously, unobtrusively and preserving privacy. In our study, 216 undergraduates were surveyed for depressive symptoms using the CES-D scale. We then collected their on-campus Internet usage via Cisco NetFlow records. Subsequent analysis revealed that several Internet usage features like average packets per flow, peer-to-peer (octets, packets and duration), chat octets, mail (packets and duration), ftp duration, and remote file octets exhibit a statistically significant correlation with depressive symptoms. Additionally, Mann-Whitney U-tests revealed that average packets per flow, remote file octets, chat (octets, packets and duration) and flow duration entropy demonstrate statistically significant differences in the mean values across groups with and without depressive symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that associates depressive symptoms among college students with continuously collected real Internet data.

Raghavendra Kotikalapudi; Frances Montgomery; Donald Wunsch

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

MESUR: USAGE-BASED METRICS OF SCHOLARLY IMPACT  

SciTech Connect

The evaluation of scholarly communication items is now largely a matter of expert opinion or metrics derived from citation data. Both approaches can fail to take into account the myriad of factors that shape scholarly impact. Usage data has emerged as a promising complement to existing methods o fassessment but the formal groundwork to reliably and validly apply usage-based metrics of schlolarly impact is lacking. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation funded MESUR project constitutes a systematic effort to define, validate and cross-validate a range of usage-based metrics of schlolarly impact by creating a semantic model of the scholarly communication process. The constructed model will serve as the basis of a creating a large-scale semantic network that seamlessly relates citation, bibliographic and usage data from a variety of sources. A subsequent program that uses the established semantic network as a reference data set will determine the characteristics and semantics of a variety of usage-based metrics of schlolarly impact. This paper outlines the architecture and methodology adopted by the MESUR project and its future direction.

BOLLEN, JOHAN [Los Alamos National Laboratory; RODRIGUEZ, MARKO A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; VAN DE SOMPEL, HERBERT [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

284

The use of web structure and content to identify subjectively interesting web usage patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The discipline of Web Usage Mining has grown rapidly in the past few years, despite the crash of the e-commerce boom of the late 1990s. Web Usage Mining is the application of data mining techniques to Web clickstream data in order to extract usage patterns. ... Keywords: Data mining, Web usage mining, World Wide Web

Robert Cooley

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Potentials and limits of secondary spectrum usage by CDMA base stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the progress of transmission technology and fast growing demand for ubiquitous high speed wireless services, it is clear that the pressure towards more flexibility in usage of limited spectrum will increase. With concept of spectrum sharing, in ... Keywords: primary exclusive region (PER), secondary spectrum usage, secondary usage allowable region (SAR), secondary usage prohibitive region (SPR)

Eun-Hee Shin; Dongwoo Kim

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

A practical ontology for the large-scale modeling of scholarly artifacts and their usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The large-scale analysis of scholarly artifact usage is constrained primarily by current practices in usage data archiving, privacy issues concerned with the dissemination of usage data, and the lack of a practical ontology for modeling the usage domain. ... Keywords: resource description framework and schema, semantic networks, web ontology language

Marko A. Rodriguez; Johan Bollen; Herbert Van de Sompel

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Electric Power Systems Research 81 (2011) 20992107 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity usage. It is estimated that by 2020, about 12% of the world's electricity will be supplied by windElectric Power Systems Research 81 (2011) 2099­2107 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Electric Power Systems Research journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/epsr Short-term wind power

288

APS Guideline for Hand Tool and Portable Power Tool Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hand Tool and Portable Power Tool Usage Hand Tool and Portable Power Tool Usage Introduction CAT/XSD recognizes that the misuse and improper maintenance of hand tools and portable power tools cause a significant number of injuries to even "experienced" workers. Consequently, CAT/XSD has adopted the following policies and procedures to minimize the hazards associated with the use of such equipment at the APS. These guidelines apply to all use of hand tools and portable power tools by CAT/XSD personnel while performing maintenance or installation activities at the APS. Although CAT/XSD feels that most of the guidelines also apply to tool usage during experimental activities, CAT/XSD will not require that short-term users complete the training described below. Using Tools Safely If you have not had formal training in the use of common tools, either view

289

Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ethanol Usage in Urban Public Transportation - Presentation of Results Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: cenbio.iee.usp.br/download/publicacoes/SAE_BEST_2010.pdf This paper presents the BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST) project in Brazil, its partners, and the results from the demonstration tests performed in field, as well as the proposals of public policies that were elaborated and are being implemented. The BEST project was implemented in Sao Paulo as well as eight other cities located in Europe and Asia. How to Use This Tool

290

Form EIA-457E (2001) -- Household Bottled Gas Usage  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

F (2001) -- Household Natural Gas Usage Form F (2001) -- Household Natural Gas Usage Form OMB No. 1905-0092, Expiring February 29, 2004 2001 Residential Energy Consumption Survey Answers to Frequently Asked Questions About the Household Natural Gas Usage Form What is the purpose of the Residential Energy Consumption Survey? The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) collects data on energy consumption and expenditures in U.S. housing units. Over 5,000 statistically selected households across the U.S. have already provided information about their household, the physical characteristics of their housing unit, their energy-using equipment, and their energy suppliers. Now we are requesting the energy billing records for these households from each of their energy suppliers. After all this information has been collected, the information will be used to

291

Mining Software Usage with the Automatic Library Tracking Database (ALTD)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tracking software usage is important for HPC centers, computer vendors, code developers and funding agencies to provide more efficient and targeted software support, and to forecast needs and guide HPC software effort towards the Exascale era. However, accurately tracking software usage on HPC systems has been a challenging task. In this paper, we present a tool called Automatic Library Tracking Database (ALTD) that has been developed and put in production on several Cray systems. The ALTD infrastructure prototype automatically and transparently stores information about libraries linked into an application at compilation time and also the executables launched in a batch job. We will illustrate the usage of libraries, compilers and third party software applications on a system managed by the National Institute for Computational Sciences.

Hadri, Bilel [ORNL; Fahey, Mark R [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Analyzing the Impact of Residential Building Attributes, Demographic and Behavioral Factors on Natural Gas Usage  

SciTech Connect

This analysis examines the relationship between energy demand and residential building attributes, demographic characteristics, and behavioral variables using the U.S. Department of Energys Residential Energy Consumption Survey 2005 microdata. This study investigates the applicability of the smooth backfitting estimator to statistical analysis of residential energy consumption via nonparametric regression. The methodology utilized in the study extends nonparametric additive regression via local linear smooth backfitting to categorical variables. The conventional methods used for analyzing residential energy consumption are econometric modeling and engineering simulations. This study suggests an econometric approach that can be utilized in combination with simulation results. A common weakness of previously used econometric models is a very high likelihood that any suggested parametric relationships will be misspecified. Nonparametric modeling does not have this drawback. Its flexibility allows for uncovering more complex relationships between energy use and the explanatory variables than can possibly be achieved by parametric models. Traditionally, building simulation models overestimated the effects of energy efficiency measures when compared to actual "as-built" observed savings. While focusing on technical efficiency, they do not account for behavioral or market effects. The magnitude of behavioral or market effects may have a substantial influence on the final energy savings resulting from implementation of various energy conservation measures and programs. Moreover, variability in behavioral aspects and user characteristics appears to have a significant impact on total energy consumption. Inaccurate estimates of energy consumption and potential savings also impact investment decisions. The existing modeling literature, whether it relies on parametric specifications or engineering simulation, does not accommodate inclusion of a behavioral component. This study attempts to bridge that gap by analyzing behavioral data and investigate the applicability of additive nonparametric regression to this task. This study evaluates the impact of 31 regressors on residential natural gas usage. The regressors include weather, economic variables, demographic and behavioral characteristics, and building attributes related to energy use. In general, most of the regression results were in line with previous engineering and economic studies in this area. There were, however, some counterintuitive results, particularly with regard to thermostat controls and behaviors. There are a number of possible reasons for these counterintuitive results including the inability to control for regional climate variability due to the data sanitization (to prevent identification of respondents), inaccurate data caused by to self-reporting, and the fact that not all relevant behavioral variables were included in the data set, so we were not able to control for them in the study. The results of this analysis could be used as an in-sample prediction for approximating energy demand of a residential building whose characteristics are described by the regressors in this analysis, but a certain combination of their particular values does not exist in the real world. In addition, this study has potential applications for benefit-cost analysis of residential upgrades and retrofits under a fixed budget, because the results of this study contain information on how natural gas consumption might change once a particular characteristic or attribute is altered. Finally, the results of this study can help establish a relationship between natural gas consumption and changes in behavior of occupants.

Livingston, Olga V.; Cort, Katherine A.

2011-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

293

THE APPLICATION OF A DATA MINING FRAMEWORK TO ENERGY USAGE PROFILING IN DOMESTIC RESIDENCES USING UK DATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This paper describes a method for defining representative load profiles for domestic electricity users in the UK. It considers bottom up and clustering methods and then details the research plans for implementing and improving existing framework approaches based on the overall usage profile. The work focuses on adapting and applying analysis framework approaches to UK energy data in order to determine the effectiveness of creating a few (single figures) archetypical users with the intention of improving on the current methods of determining usage profiles. The work is currently in progress and the paper details initial results using data collected in Milton Keynes around 1990. Various possible enhancements to the work are considered including a split based on temperature to reflect the varying UK weather conditions.

Ian Dent; Uwe Aickelin; Tom Rodden

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC MINISTRY OF ELECTRICITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the energy efficiency improvements studies and facilitate the renewable energy usage in Syria1 SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC MINISTRY OF ELECTRICITY SUPPLY SIDE EFFICIENCY & ENERGY CONSERVATION & PLANNING PROJECT Identification of National Energy Policies and Energy Access in SYRIA March 15, 2005 #12

295

Traffic characterization and internet usage in rural Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While Internet connectivity has reached a significant part of the world's population, those living in rural areas of the developing world are still largely disconnected. Recent efforts have provided Internet connectivity to a growing number of remote ... Keywords: internet usage, interviews, rural networks

David L. Johnson; Veljko Pejovic; Elizabeth M. Belding; Gertjan van Stam

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Editorial Style Guide: Word List and General Usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI "Editorial Style Guide," together with the Company's "Graphic Standards Guide," provides information for building a strong corporate identity in EPRI publications. Providing lists of frequently used terms, EPRI software, and chemical elements, plus examples of word usage, the style guide can help authors both develop text efficiently and economically and brand EPRI as an integrated, global science and technology company.

1998-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

297

Security Implications of Typical Grid Computing Usage Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grid Computing consists of a collection of heterogeneous computers and resources spread across multiple administrative domains with the intent of providing users uniform access to these resources. There are many ways to access the resources of a Grid, ... Keywords: Global Grid Forum, Globus, Grid Computing, Legion, computer security, usage scenarios

Marty Humphrey; Mary R. Thompson

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Identifying and Testing the Inhibitors of Technology Usage Intentions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important area of information systems (IS) research has been the identification of the individual-level beliefs that enable technology acceptance such as the usefulness, reliability, and flexibility of a system. This study posits the existence of ... Keywords: inhibitors, nonacceptance, technology rejection, usage intentions

Ronald T. Cenfetelli; Andrew Schwarz

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Exploiting Service Usage Information for Optimizing Server Resource Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is often difficult to tune the performance of modern component-based Internet services because: (1) component middleware are complex software systems that expose several independently tuned server resource management mechanisms; (2) session-oriented ... Keywords: Internet application, client behavior, component middleware, optimization, quality-of-service, server resource management, service usage information

Alexander Totok; Vijay Karamcheti

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Fuel bundle design for enhanced usage of plutonium fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear fuel bundle includes a square array of fuel rods each having a concentration of enriched uranium and plutonium. Each rod of an interior array of the rods also has a concentration of gadolinium. The interior array of rods is surrounded by an exterior array of rods void of gadolinium. By this design, usage of plutonium in the nuclear reactor is enhanced.

Reese, Anthony P. (San Jose, CA); Stachowski, Russell E. (Fremont, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Designation of facility usage categories for Hanford Site facilities  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the Hanford Site methodology used to ensure facility compliance with the natural phenomena design criteria set forth in the US Department of Energy Orders and guidance. The current Hanford Site methodology for Usage Category designation is based on an engineered feature's safety function and on the feature's assigned Safety Class. At the Hanford Site, Safety Class assignments are deterministic in nature and are based on teh consequences of failure, without regard to the likelihood of occurrence. The report also proposes a risk-based approach to Usage Category designation, which is being considered for future application at the Hanford Site. To establish a proper Usage Category designation, the safety analysis and engineering design processes must be coupled. This union produces a common understanding of the safety function(s) to be accomplished by the design feature(s) and a sound basis for the assignment of Usage Categories to the appropriate systems, structures, and components. 4 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Woodrich, D.D.; Ellingson, D.R.; Scott, M.A.; Schade, A.R.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Resource usage analysis for a functional language with exceptions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Igarashi and Kobayashi have proposed a general type system for checking whether resources such as files and memory are accessed in a valid manner. Their type system is, however, for call-by-value ?-calculus with resource primitives, and does not ... Keywords: effect system, exception, resource usage analysis, type inference, type system

Futoshi Iwama; Atsushi Igarashi; Naoki Kobayashi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions Determine Vehicle Usage and Refueling Trends to Minimize Greenhouse Gas Emissions October 7, 2013 - 11:42am Addthis YOU ARE HERE Step 2 Once a Federal agency has identified its most important mobile greenhouse gas (GHG) emission sources overall, it can work with individual sites to determine vehicle usage and refueling trends. Agencies can compare the results of this analysis to internal standards and requirements to identify GHG mitigation opportunities for assets that are underperforming or underutilized. Two examples of this type of analysis focus on: Alternative fuel consumption Vehicle utilization. Figure 1 - An image of a vertical, stacked bar chart titled 'Alternative Fuel Use in AFVs.' The frequency data axis is labeled 'Gallons of Gasoline Equivalent' with a scale of 0-1,400,000 in increments of 200,000. The stacked bar labeled 'CNG Dual Fuel Vehicles' shows CNG from 0-300,000 gallons and Gasoline from 300,000-800,000 gallons. The stacked bar labeled 'E-85 Flex Fuel Vehicles' shows E85 from 0-1,000,000 gallons and Gasoline from 1,000,000-1,250,000 gallons.

304

Proceedings: Workshop on prospects and requirements for geographic expansion of wind power usage  

SciTech Connect

This report constitutes the proceedings of a workshop on the Prospects and Requirements for Geographic Expansion of Wind Power Usage held March 5-6, 1986, in Dallas, Texas. The workshop was sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in cooperation with the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI). SERI is operated by Midwest Research Institute for the US Department of Energy. The workshop participants concluded that there are a number of areas in the United States with substantial wind resources. Determining the potential for development of these resources for wind power will require local, detailed wind measurements. The participants saw no technology barriers to more widespread usage of wind power. They considered the greatest potential for advancement of wind power technology to be in the application of power electronics to enable variable speed wind turbine operation and to integrate and improve wind power station control and protection. Although wind power stations were seen as posing no health hazards, public and utility acceptance of the technology, the participants agreed, will require strong educational activities in all aspects of wind power. The implications of these conclusions for the research programs of EPRI and other sectors are discussed.

Steitz, P.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Event Calendar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

36 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 37 8 9 10 12:00pm - 1:00pm Integrate Real-Time Weather with Thermostat Electrical Usage Data to Improve Load Management and Building Analytics 11 12 13 14...

306

Commercial & Industrial Demand Response Within Hawaiian Electric Company Service Territory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By reducing power usage during peak demand periods, demand response (DR) programs can help utilities manage power loads and complement energy efficiency activities while providing ratepayers an opportunity to substantially reduce their electric bills. This project assessed the costs and benefits of potential DR programs for Hawaiian Electric Company's (HECO's) commercial and industrial (CI) customers.

2007-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

307

Control Mechanisms for Residential Electricity Demand in SmartGrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control Mechanisms for Residential Electricity Demand in SmartGrids Shalinee Kishore Department of the emerging SmartGrid, use both prices and user preferences to control power usage across the home. We first, accounts for the potential for electricity capacity constraints. I. INTRODUCTION The emerging SmartGrid

Snyder, Larry

308

Electric sales and revenue: 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1993. Operating revenue includes energy charges, demand charges, consumer service charges, environmental surcharges, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. Because electric rates vary based on energy usage, average revenue per kilowatthour are affected by changes in the volume of sales. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Electric Vehicles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electricity can be used as a transportation fuel to power battery electric vehicles (EVs). EVs store electricity in an energy storage device, such as a battery.

310

Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Renewable Energy Purchase Rate |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Renewable Energy Purchase Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Renewable Energy Purchase Rate Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Renewable Energy Purchase Rate < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate Payment limited to 25% of customers monthly kWh usage Program Info State Iowa Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $0.20/kWh Provider Farmers Electric Cooperative Farmers Electric Cooperative offers a production incentive to members that install qualifying wind and solar electricity generating systems. Qualifying grid-tied solar and wind energy systems are eligible for a $0.20 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) production incentive for up to 10 years for energy production that offsets up to 25% of monthly energy usage.

311

SCE&G (Electric) - Residential EnergyWise Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SCE&G (Electric) - Residential EnergyWise Program SCE&G (Electric) - Residential EnergyWise Program SCE&G (Electric) - Residential EnergyWise Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Home Performance with ENERGY STAR: $2500 Air Infiltration Reduction and Insulation: $850 Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Home Performance Assessment: $200 Air Infiltration Reduction and Insulation: 25% of cost Duct Sealing: $150 Duct Insulation or Replacement: $150 Central AC or Heat Pump Tune-up: $60 Programmable Thermostat: $50

312

ConEd (Gas and Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program (New York)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ConEd (Gas and Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program ConEd (Gas and Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program (New York) ConEd (Gas and Electric) - Small Business Direct Install Program (New York) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Program Info State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Survey: Free Programmable Thermostat: Free Equipment Upgrades Identified in Energy Survey: Con Edison will pay up to 70% of the remaining cost directly to the contractor ConEd is providing free energy surveys to its small business customers. The survey will take 30 to 90 minutes and efficiency opportunities and associated costs will be presented on the spot. If the customer agrees to

313

The Energy Box : comparing locally automated control strategies of residential electricity consumption under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Energy Box is an always-on background processor automating the temporal management of one's home or small business electrical energy usage. Cost savings are achieved in a variety of environments, ranging from at pricing ...

Livengood, Daniel James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Effect of automotive electrical system changes on fuel consumption using incremental efficiency methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There has been a continuous increase in automotive electric power usage. Future projections show no sign of it decreasing. Therefore, the automotive industry has a need to either improve the current 12 Volt automotive ...

Hardin, Christopher William

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kenworthy (1989a). Gasoline consumption and cities. Journalon Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption References Bento,Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption UCI-ITS-WP-05-1 Thomas

Golob, Thomas F; Brownstone, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

"Table HC10.13 Lighting Usage Indicators by U.S. Census Region...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by U.S. Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,"Housing Units (millions)","U.S. Census Region" "Lighting Usage Indicators",,"Northeast","Mi...

317

Towards sustainable material usage : time-dependent evaluation of upgrading technologies for recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As consumption in the US grows, so does concern about sustainable materials usage. Increasing recycling is a key component within a broad arsenal of strategies for moving towards sustainable materials usage. There are many ...

Gaustad, Gabrielle G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Audit Report on "Credit Card Usage at the Ohio Field Office and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report on "Credit Card Usage at the Ohio Field Office and the Fernald and Miamisburg Environmental Management Projects," ER-B-99-04 Audit Report on "Credit Card Usage at the Ohio...

319

Fuel bundle design for enhanced usage of plutonium fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear fuel bundle includes a square array of fuel rods each having a concentration of enriched uranium and plutonium. Each rod of an interior array of the rods also has a concentration of gadolinium. The interior array of rods is surrounded by an exterior array of rods void of gadolinium. By this design, usage of plutonium in the nuclear reactor is enhanced. 10 figs.

Reese, A.P.; Stachowski, R.E.

1995-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

320

New Hampshire Electric Co-Op - Residential Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

air sealing, insulation, equipment thermostats and insulation, as well as the energy consumption of the home's refrigerator. The NHEC representative may recommend certain...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programmable Thermostats, Refrigerators, Water Heaters, Windows, Geothermal Heat Pumps, LED Lighting, Heat Pump Water Heaters Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility...

322

Duke Energy (Electric) - Commercial/Industrial Energy Efficiency...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermostats, Refrigerators, Water Heaters, Windows, Pumps, Barrel Wraps, Ice Machines, LED Lighting Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility Energy Category Energy...

323

Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of energy efficient equipment. Natural gas rebates apply to water heaters, natural gas boilers, steam boilers, boiler controls, furnaces, programmable thermostats, and duct and air...

324

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Multi-Family Properties Energy Efficiency...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boilers, Central Air conditioners, DuctAir sealing, Equipment Insulation, Furnaces, Heat pumps, Lighting, Lighting ControlsSensors, Programmable Thermostats Active Incentive...

325

Denton Municipal Electric - GreenSense Energy Efficiency Rebate...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Comprehensive MeasuresWhole Building, Heat pumps, Programmable Thermostats, Windows, Geothermal Heat Pumps, Attic Reflective Barrier, Solar Screens Active Incentive Yes...

326

Central Hudson Gas and Electric (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reset Control: 70 Indirect Water Heater: 210 Programmable Thermostat: 18 Duct and Air Sealing: Up to 600 The Home Energy SavingsCentral Program offers customers rebates of...

327

Red Storm usage model :Version 1.12.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Red Storm is an Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) funded massively parallel supercomputer located at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The Red Storm Usage Model (RSUM) documents the capabilities and the environment provided for the FY05 Tri-Lab Level II Limited Availability Red Storm User Environment Milestone and the FY05 SNL Level II Limited Availability Red Storm Platform Milestone. This document describes specific capabilities, tools, and procedures to support both local and remote users. The model is focused on the needs of the ASC user working in the secure computing environments at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and SNL. Additionally, the Red Storm Usage Model maps the provided capabilities to the Tri-Lab ASC Computing Environment (ACE) requirements. The ACE requirements reflect the high performance computing requirements for the ASC community and have been updated in FY05 to reflect the community's needs. For each section of the RSUM, Appendix I maps the ACE requirements to the Limited Availability User Environment capabilities and includes a description of ACE requirements met and those requirements that are not met in that particular section. The Red Storm Usage Model, along with the ACE mappings, has been issued and vetted throughout the Tri-Lab community.

Jefferson, Karen L.; Sturtevant, Judith E.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

A Tale of Two Houses: The Human Dimension of Demand Response Enabling Technology from a Case Study of an Adaptive Wireless Thermostat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carlos (Southern California Edison). 2006. January. PersonalSimulation: Southern California Edison. Herter, Karen. 2006.Programs for 2005/2006. Edison Electric Institute http://

Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward; Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

A tale of two houses: the human dimension of demand response enabling technology from a case study of an adaptive wireless thermostat.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carlos (Southern California Edison). 2006. January. PersonalPrograms for 2005/2006. Edison Electric Institute http://Simulation: Southern California Edison. Herter, Karen. 2006.

Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A; Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Video game console usage and national energy consumption: Results from a field-metering study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

console usage and national energy consumption: Results fromNational Energy Consumption .Discussion National Energy Consumption Under the assumption

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Ozark Border Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ozark Border Electric Coop Ozark Border Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Ozark Border Electric Coop Place Missouri Utility Id 14285 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial/Small Power Multi-Phase Commercial Commercial/Small Power Single-Phase Commercial Industrial/Large Power Multi-Phase (Schedule 31) Industrial Industrial/Large Power Multi-Phase (Schedule 63) Industrial Irrigation Service - Summer Use Commercial Irrigation Service -Winter Usage Commercial Irrigation Service Off-Peak (Schedule 40)-Summer Usage Commercial

332

Polytechnic Institute of New York University GRAPHIC STANDARDS AND LOGO USAGE GUIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, some machines' memory usage are always relatively lightly-loaded (the green lines shown in the figure, and also investigate valuable statistics of machine's maximum load, queue state and relative usage levels describe dynamic metrics, such as queue state, and relative usage levels compared to capacities

Aronov, Boris

333

An Empirical Analysis of User Content Generation and Usage Behavior on the Mobile Internet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We quantify how user mobile Internet usage relates to unique characteristics of the mobile Internet. In particular, we focus on examining how the mobile-phone-based content generation behavior of users relates to content usage behavior. The key objective ... Keywords: content generation, content usage, geographical mobility, identification, interdependence, mobile Internet, social networks

Anindya Ghose; Sang Pil Han

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Leveraging usage similarity for effective retrieval of examples in code repositories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developers often learn to use APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) by looking at existing examples of API usage. Code repositories contain many instances of such usage of APIs. However, conventional information retrieval techniques fail to perform ... Keywords: api usage, code search, software information retrieval, ssi, structural semantic indexing

Sushil K. Bajracharya; Joel Ossher; Cristina V. Lopes

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

"Same same but different" how service contexts of mobile technologies shape usage motives and barriers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As wireless technologies evolve, mobile technologies and services will increasingly affect our lives, accompanied by positive and negative effects. This development requires a high acceptance of users to the presence of mobile services in various usage ... Keywords: ICT, acceptance, medical technologies, system design, usage barriers, usage motives

Katrin Arning; Sylvia Gaul; Martina Ziefle

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

HOUSEHOLD RESPONSE TO DYNAMIC PRICING OF ELECTRICITY A SURVEY OF SEVENTEEN PRICING EXPERIMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(DOE) defines demand response as "changes in electric usage by end-use customers from their normalHOUSEHOLD RESPONSE TO DYNAMIC PRICING OF ELECTRICITY A SURVEY OF SEVENTEEN PRICING EXPERIMENTS response in electricity markets. One of the best ways to let that happen is to let customers see

337

APPLICATION OF MICROECONOMIC METRICS IN COMPETITIVE ELECTRICITY Pedro Correia and George Gross  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for managing the grid usage. The commercial transactions take place using the electric network or grid, a factAPPLICATION OF MICROECONOMIC METRICS IN COMPETITIVE ELECTRICITY MARKETS Pedro Correia and George Gross Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana

Gross, George

338

Proposal for an automatic cleaning robot operating in conjunction with the usage status of electrical appliances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a human-friendly cleaning robot system for the domestic ubiquitous environment. Though conventional automatic cleaning robots already exist, these robots do not work in sync with humans. These robots' cleaning operations often ... Keywords: home application, mobile robot, ubiquitous and pervasive computing

Akihiro Miura; Shigeo Kaneda; Hirohide Haga

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

NYC TLC - Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure and Usage Informatio...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

information Bio-mass N l Hydropower Wind G th l Idaho National Laboratory Bio-mass Nuclear Hydropower * U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) laboratory * 890 square mile site...

340

U.S. Plug-in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure and Usage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

not contain any proprietary or sensitive information Idaho National Laboratory Bio mass Nuclear Hydropower Wind * U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) laboratory * 890 square mile...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Electrical Usage Profiling The roll out of Smart Meters between now and 2020 will allow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be the first to be targeted · Black houses are heavier users · Blue houses use less power so probably wouldn generation such as solar power and how it affects the household's behaviours Summer 2012 Possible of the households to target for particular incentives. · Red houses are creatures of habit, show very little

Aickelin, Uwe

342

ESTIA: A Real-Time Consumer Control Scheme for Space Conditioning Usage under Spot Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rendering price forecasting practically unnecessary and reducing the data and computing requirements Pricing P. Constantopoulos University of Crete and Research Centre of Crete Heraklion, Crete, Greece F are now relatively inexpensive, so that hourly (or more frequent) "spot prices" of electri- city could

343

ESTIA: A RealTime Consumer Control Scheme for Space Conditioning Usage under Spot Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, thereby rendering price forecasting practically unnecessary and reducing the data and computing Pricing P. Constantopoulos University of Crete and Research Centre of Crete Heraklion, Crete, Greece F are now relatively inexpensive, so that hourly (or more frequent) "spot prices" of electri­ city could

344

A PRACTICAL ONTOLOGY FOR THE LARGE-SCALE MODELING OF SCHOLARLY ARTIFACTS AND THEIR USAGE  

SciTech Connect

The large-scale analysis of scholarly artifact usage is constrained primarily by current practices in usage data archiving, privacy issues concerned with the dissemination of usage data, and the lack of a practical ontology for modeling the usage domain. As a remedy to the third constraint, this article presents a scholarly ontology that was engineered to represent those classes for which large-scale bibliographic and usage data exists, supports usage research, and whose instantiation is scalable to the order of 50 million articles along with their associated artifacts (e.g. authors and journals) and an accompanying 1 billion usage events. The real world instantiation of the presented abstract ontology is a semantic network model of the scholarly community which lends the scholarly process to statistical analysis and computational support. They present the ontology, discuss its instantiation, and provide some example inference rules for calculating various scholarly artifact metrics.

RODRIGUEZ, MARKO A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; BOLLEN, JOHAN [Los Alamos National Laboratory; VAN DE SOMPEL, HERBERT [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

345

FPGA curved track fitter with very low resource usage  

SciTech Connect

Standard least-squares curved track fitting process is tailored for FPGA implementation. The coefficients in the fitting matrices are carefully chosen so that only shift and accumulation operations are used in the process. The divisions and full multiplications are eliminated. Comparison in an application example shows that the fitting errors of the low resource usage implementation are less than 4% bigger than the fitting errors of the exact least-squares algorithm. The implementation is suitable for low-cost, low-power applications such as high energy physics detector trigger systems.

Wu, Jin-Yuan; Wang, M.; Gottschalk, E.; Shi, Z.; /Fermilab

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Research and development opportunities for improved transportation energy usage. (REDOTEUS)  

SciTech Connect

The document is a draft of the final report of the Transportation Energy Panel (TEP) prepared for the Office of Science and Technology. The report attempts to assess the relevant technology for improving the usage by the transportation sector of the energy resources of the nation. In pursuit of its study, TEP sponsored several workshops, briefings, and coordination meetings which had personnel from a variety of Federal, academic, and industrial organizations. Emphasis was given both to transportation demands and to relevant technology assessment. (GRA)

1972-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

347

Use of nanofiltration to reduce cooling tower water usage.  

SciTech Connect

Nanofiltration (NF) can effectively treat cooling-tower water to reduce water consumption and maximize water usage efficiency of thermoelectric power plants. A pilot is being run to verify theoretical calculations. A side stream of water from a 900 gpm cooling tower is being treated by NF with the permeate returning to the cooling tower and the concentrate being discharged. The membrane efficiency is as high as over 50%. Salt rejection ranges from 77-97% with higher rejection for divalent ions. The pilot has demonstrated a reduction of makeup water of almost 20% and a reduction of discharge of over 50%.

Sanchez, Andres L.; Everett, Randy L.; Jensen, Richard Pearson; Cappelle, Malynda A.; Altman, Susan Jeanne

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Electric Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

government incentives or subsidies in the near future. Companies active in the electric automobile area There are no companies directly active in the electric automobile...

349

Electricity Reliability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lines and bar graph Electricity Reliability The Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) conducts research, develops, and disseminates new methods, tools,...

350

Long range forecast of power demands on the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company system. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The report presents the results of an econometric forecast of peak and electric power demands for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGandE) through the year 2003. The report describes the methodology, the results of the econometric estimations and associated summary statistics, the forecast assumptions, and the calculated forecasts of energy usage and peak demand. Separate models were estimated for summer and winter residential electricity usage in both Baltimore city and the non-city portion of the BGandE service area. Equations were also estimated for commercial energy usage, industrial usage, streetlighting, and for losses plus Company use. Non-econometric techniques were used to estimate future energy use by Bethlehem Steel Corporation's Sparrows Point plant in Baltimore County, Conrail, and the Baltimore Mass Transit Administration underground rail system. Models of peak demand for summer and winter were also estimated.

Estomin, S.L.; Kahal, M.I.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Woodfuel Usage Update 1 I Wood fuel use in Scotland 2011 I Hudson Consulting I September 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recycled fibre Energy crops, forest residues and tree stumps The first reports on wood fuel usage data hadWoodfuel Usage Update 1 I Wood fuel use in Scotland 2011 I Hudson Consulting I September 2011 Woodfuel Demand and Usage in Scotland Report 2011 #12;Woodfuel Usage Update 2 I Wood fuel use in Scotland

352

Demand and Usage in Scotland Update Report to March 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

represented high levels of co-firing with pellets, which have since been substituted for other forms of non and co-firing, and displacement of electricity generation from other fossil fuels, such as gas fibre was used for co-firing displacing electricity generation by coal. Over the last year co-firing has

353

Usage based indicators to assess the impact of scholarly works: architecture and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Although recording of usage data is common in scholarly information services, its exploitation for the creation of value-added services remains limited due to concerns regarding, among others, user privacy, data validity, and the lack of accepted standards for the representation, sharing and aggregation of usage data. A technical, standards-based architecture for sharing usage information is presented. In this architecture, OpenURL-compliant linking servers aggregate usage information of a specific user community as it navigates the distributed information environment that it has access to. This usage information is made OAI-PMH harvestable so that usage information exposed by many linking servers can be aggregated to facilitate the creation of value-added services with a reach beyond that of a single community or a single information service.

Bollen, Johan (Santa Fe, NM); Van De Sompel, Herbert (Santa Fe, NM)

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

354

Portland General Electric Company P.U.C. Oregon No. E-17 Original Sheet No. 88-1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

participating Consumers an opportunity to voluntarily reduce Electricity usage to a Company-determined levelPortland General Electric Company P.U.C. Oregon No. E-17 Original Sheet No. 88-1 SCHEDULE 88 LOAD Nonresidential Consumers receiving Electricity Service under Schedules 83 and/or 583 from one or more Point

355

A ranking and exploration service based on large-scale usage data  

SciTech Connect

This poster presents the architecture and user interface of a prototype service that was designed to allow end-users to explore the s tructure of science and perform assessments of scholarly impact on the basis of large-scale usage data. The underlying usage data set was constructed by the NIESUR project which collected 1 billion usage events from a wide range of publishers, aggregators and institutional consortia.

Bollen, Johan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van De Sompel, Herbert L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balakireva, Lyudmila L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chute, Ryan M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Department of Energy Federal Acquisition Regulation Clause Usage Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Type of Contract: FP SUP Fixed-Price Supply CR SUP Cost-Reimbursement Supply FP SVC Fixed-Price Service CR SVC Cost Reimbursement Service FP CON Fixed-Price Construction CR CON Cost Reimbursement Construction T&M LH Time & Material, Labor Hours FP A-E Fixed Price Architect-Engineer CR A-E Cost Reimbursement Architect-Engineer Comm. Items Commercial Items M&O Management & Operating Other Fac. Mgmt. Other Facility Management SAP Simplified Acquisition Procedures Clause Usage R Required A Required When Applicable NA Not Applicable Provision or Clause (Click on clause number to see its text and prescription FP Sup. CR Sup. FP Serv. Cost Serv. FP Cons. Cost Cons. T&M. L.H. FP A- E Cost A-E Com. Items. M&O Other

357

Security Implications of Typical Grid Computing Usage Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

A Computational Grid is a collection of heterogeneous computers and resources spread across multiple administrative domains with the intent of providing users uniform access to these resources. There are many ways to access the resources of a Computational Grid, each with unique security requirements and implications for both the resource user and the resource provider. A comprehensive set of Grid usage scenarios are presented and analyzed with regard to security requirements such as authentication, authorization, integrity, and confidentiality. The main value of these scenarios and the associated security discussions are to provide a library of situations against which an application designer can match, thereby facilitating security-aware application use and development from the initial stages of the application design and invocation. A broader goal of these scenarios are to increase the awareness of security issues in Grid Computing.

Humphrey, Marty; Thompson, Mary R.

2001-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

358

Commercial Building HVAC Energy Usage in Semi-Tropical Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of heating and cooling equipment in semi-tropical climates presents some design considerations and limitations not so prevalent in temperate climates. In some cases, the heating season may be non-existent for all practical purposes. Another consideration is the high ventilation loads due to cooling the moist air prevalent in semi-tropical climates. This paper describes a computer program which assesses all the pertinent variables which comprise the annual heating and cooling energy requirements for commercial buildings. It is then suggested that this computer program would be valuable in determining the changes one could expect in annual energy usage by varying certain building design parameters. Secondly, a small office building actually constructed in Central Florida in which the author designed the Heating and Cooling HVAC system is described. Tradeoffs are presented showing the effects of changes in these building design parameters.

Worbs, H. E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Comparison of Bandwidth Usage: Service Location Protocol and Jini  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently there has been an increase in the development of technologies for resource discovery, since for example, resources such as printers, mail boxes, memory space, and disk space are available in every network, ready to be used for any host. This has been caused, in part, by the growth in the popularity of portable devices such as laptops, PDAs, and cell phones which require configuration each time they attach to a new network segment. Since the configuration of such devices is tedious and sometimes complicated, there have been some attempts in past years to solve this problem, such as the DHCP approach. This paper focuses on the bandwidth analysis of two new approaches for dealing with resource discovery: the Service Location Protocol (SLP) and Jini. This work is particularly important since the communication among the devices is often wireless, whereas bandwidth is a limited resource. We present equations for characterizing the usage of bandwidth made by SLP and Jini, bas...

Javier Govea; Michel Barbeau

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Evaluation of evolving residential electricity tariffs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of evolving residential electricity tariffs Evaluation of evolving residential electricity tariffs Title Evaluation of evolving residential electricity tariffs Publication Type Conference Paper Year of Publication 2011 Authors Lai, Judy, Nicholas DeForest, Sila Kiliccote, Michael Stadler, Chris Marnay, and Jonathan Donadee Conference Name ECEEE Summer Study, June 6-11, 2011 Date Published 06/2011 Publisher LBNL Conference Location Belambra Presqu'île de Giens, France Keywords electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Residential customers in California's Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) territory have seen several electricity rate structure changes in the past decade. A relatively simple two-tiered pricing system (charges by usage under/over baseline for the home's climate zone) was replaced in the summer of 2001 by a more complicated five-tiered system (usage below baseline and up to 30%, 100%, 200%, and 300%+ over baseline). In 2009, PG&E began the process of upgrading its residential customers to Smart Meters and laying the groundwork for time of use pricing, due to start in 2011. This paper examines the history of the tiered pricing system, discusses the problems the utility encountered with its Smart Meter roll out, and evaluates the proposed dynamic pricing incentive structures. Scenario analyses of example PG&E customer bills will also be presented. What would these residential customers pay if they were still operating under a tiered structure, and/or if they participated in peak hour reductions?

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles - Prototypes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prototypes Prototypes A PHEV prototype being prepared for testing. A plug-in electric vehicle (PHEV) prototype is prepared for testing at Argonne National Laboratory. What is a PHEV? A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, or PHEV, is similar to today's hybrid electric vehicles on the market today, but with a larger battery that is charged both by the vehicle's gasoline engine and from plugging into a standard 110 V electrical outlet for a few hours each day. PHEVs and HEVs both use battery-powered motors and gasoline-powered engines for high fuel efficiency, but PHEVs can further reduce fuel usage by employing electrical energy captured through daily charging. Prototype as Rolling Test Bed As part of Argonne's multifaceted PHEV research program, Argonne researchers have constructed a PHEV prototype that serves as a rolling test

362

Network effects, economic efficiency, and usage-based pricing for internet access.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper attempts to shed some light on the issue of net neutrality by examining the extent to which Internet usage is efficiently allocated under (more)

Cooper, Matthew L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Video game console usage and national energy consumption: Results from a field-metering study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and energy savings potential of video game consoles in thethe energy efficiency of video game consoles. NaturalVideo game console usage and national energy consumption:

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Availability, usage and expected contribution of potential nursery habitats for the California halibut  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a damsel?sh re?ect availability of suitable habitat.locate/ecss Availability, usage and expected contribution ofthe spatial coverage (availability) of all potential nursery

Fodrie, Fredrick Joel; Mendoza, Guillermo F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kenworthy (1989a). Gasoline consumption and cities. JournalVehicle Usage and Energy Consumption Table 2 Housing Unitsvehicular energy consumption is graphed as a function of

Golob, Thomas F.; Brownstone, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

"Table HC13.13 Lighting Usage Indicators by South Census Region...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by South Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"South Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total...

367

"Table HC11.13 Lighting Usage Indicators by Northeast Census...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by Northeast Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division"...

368

"Table HC12.13 Lighting Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by Midwest Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total...

369

"Table HC14.13 Lighting Usage Indicators by West Census Region...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by West Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"West Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total West"...

370

Table HC6.7 Air-Conditioning Usage Indicators by Number of Household...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 Air-Conditioning Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005 Total... 111.1 30.0 34.8 18.4 15.9...

371

Skin Effect of Hf-Rich Melts and Some Aspects in its Usage for Hf ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

USAGE FOR Hf-CONTAINING. CAST NICKEL- ... of advanced gas turbines. ... were polished by metallo- graphy and then melted by tungsten inert gas(TIG).

372

Table HC6.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Number of...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005 Total... 111.1 30.0 34.8 18.4...

373

Git usage FiPy 3.0.1-dev157-g518df83 documentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Join our mailing list. 100 Bureau Drive, M/S 6555 Gaithersburg, MD 20899 301-975-5329 Telephone 301-975-4553 Facsimile. Git usage. ...

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

374

Table HC2.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Type of Housing ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Million U.S. Housing Units Table HC2.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005 Housing Units (millions) Single-Family Units

375

The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DC. Steiner, R.L. (1994). Residential density and traveland Brownstone The Impact of Residential Density on VehicleUsage Total annual residential vehicular energy consumption

Golob, Thomas F.; Brownstone, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Electricity Markets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity Markets Electricity Markets Researchers in the electricity markets area conduct technical, economic, and policy analysis of energy topics centered on the U.S. electricity sector. Current research seeks to inform public and private decision-making on public-interest issues related to energy efficiency and demand response, renewable energy, electricity resource and transmission planning, electricity reliability and distributed generation resources. Research is conducted in the following areas: Energy efficiency research focused on portfolio planning and market assessment, design and implementation of a portfolio of energy efficiency programs that achieve various policy objectives, utility sector energy efficiency business models, options for administering energy efficiency

377

Field Demonstration of the Thermostone III Electric Thermal Storage Furnace  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat storage furnaces use low-cost, off-peak electricity to satisfy all of a customer's heating needs. This field demonstration showed that prototype heat storage furnaces maintained comfort under diverse climate conditions, usage patterns, and lengths of off-peak periods. In addition, these furnaces effectively shifted the load to off-peak hours.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Dynamic pricing for residential electric customers: a ratepayer advocate's perspective  

SciTech Connect

New Jersey's Rate Counsel urges that the consideration of alternative pricing mechanisms aimed at encouraging a reduction or shift in residential electricity usage include recognition of the needs and wishes of consumers. Without consumer buy-in, any such pricing mechanisms will fail. To achieve the desired goals, customers must be able to understand and react to the pricing signals. (author)

Brand, Stefanie A.

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Infrastructure, Components and System Level Testing and Analysis of Electric Vehicles: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-09-353  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Battery technology is critical for the development of innovative electric vehicle networks, which can enhance transportation sustainability and reduce dependence on petroleum. This cooperative research proposed by Better Place and NREL will focus on predicting the life-cycle economics of batteries, characterizing battery technologies under various operating and usage conditions, and designing optimal usage profiles for battery recharging and use.

Neubauer, J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Transportation Statistics Analysis for Electric Transportation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) are still in the initial stages of deployment in the American vehicle market. Much of the currently available data on PEVs is from special applications and early adopters. EPRI has analyzed existing transportation data on conventional vehicles from the National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) to study the potential long-term patterns of PEV use. This study used the NHTS data to investigate several aspects of potential PEV usage patterns and their effects on U.S. electric l...

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Electric Demand Cost Versus Labor Cost: A Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric Utility companies charge industrial clients for two things: demand and usage. Depending on type of business and hours operation, demand cost could be very high. Most of the operations scheduling in a plant is achieved considering labor cost. For small plants, it is quite possible that a decrease in labor could result in an increase in electric demand and cost or vice versa. In this paper two cases are presented which highlight the dependence of one on other.

Agrawal, S.; Jensen, R.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Electric and hybrid vehicle project. Quarterly report of private-sector operations, first quarter 1982  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As of January 1, 1982 sixteen private-sector site operators at 30 sites in the US were involved in electric and hybrid electric-powered vehicle demonstration programs. Data for 1981 and the first quarter of 1982 are presented on vehicle selection, miles accumulated, energy usage, maintenance requirements, reliability and operating performance for demonstration vehicles at each site. (LCL)

None

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Understanding Microstructural Effects on Long Term Electrical Fatigue in Multilayer PZT Actuators*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and lower device degradation with usage time was observed. Keywords: lead zirconate titanate, PbTixZr1-xO3Understanding Microstructural Effects on Long Term Electrical Fatigue in Multilayer PZT Actuators to 1325 °C. Sintering times were 6 and 24 minutes. Samples were poled and additionally electrically

Balzar, Davor

384

Improving Grid Performance with Electric Vehicle Charging 2011San Diego Gas & Electric Company. All copyright and trademark rights reserved.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand of 40 all-electric Advanced Energy PEV Usage Study vehicles as maximum kW demand at each 15 minute to a hairdryer) per PEV in the population · Instantaneous demand, 40 all-electric vehicles for one day (8 hour. 48 kW / 40 vehicles = 1.2 kW per EV in the population, at highest- load moment #12;Demand, Net

California at Davis, University of

385

Electricity savings potentials in the residential sector of Bahrain  

SciTech Connect

Electricity is the major fuel (over 99%) used in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors in Bahrain. In 1992, the total annual electricity consumption in Bahrain was 3.45 terawatt-hours (TWh), of which 1.95 TWh (56%) was used in the residential sector, 0.89 TWh (26%) in the commercial sector, and 0.59 TWh (17%) in the industrial sector. Agricultural energy consumption was 0.02 TWh (less than 1%) of the total energy use. In Bahrain, most residences are air conditioned with window units. The air-conditioning electricity use is at least 50% of total annual residential use. The contribution of residential AC to the peak power consumption is even more significant, approaching 80% of residential peak power demand. Air-conditioning electricity use in the commercial sector is also significant, about 45% of the annual use and over 60% of peak power demand. This paper presents a cost/benefit analysis of energy-efficient technologies in the residential sector. Technologies studied include: energy-efficient air conditioners, insulating houses, improved infiltration, increasing thermostat settings, efficient refrigerators and freezers, efficient water heaters, efficient clothes washers, and compact fluorescent lights. We conservatively estimate a 32% savings in residential electricity use at an average cost of about 4 fils per kWh. (The subsidized cost of residential electricity is about 12 fils per kWh. 1000 fils = 1 Bahrain Dinar = US$ 2.67). We also discuss major policy options needed for implementation of energy-efficiency technologies.

Akbari, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Morsy, M.G.; Al-Baharna, N.S. [Univ. of Bahrain, Manama (Bahrain)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

California Electric Energy Crisis - Electricity Information  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electricity Information Available Formats; Status of Electric Industry Restructuring Activity in California: html: California State Electricity Profil ...

387

Synonymous Codon Usage in Escherichia coli: Selection for Translational Nina Stoletzki* and Adam Eyre-Walker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

usage. Genetics. 129:897­907. Bu¨rger R, Willensdorfer M, Nowak MA. 2006. Why are pheno- typic mutationSynonymous Codon Usage in Escherichia coli: Selection for Translational Accuracy Nina Stoletzki that produce non- or misfunctional proteins are costly to the cell because they consume amino acids and energy

Eyre-Walker, Adam

388

Summarizing observational client-side data to reveal web usage patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Client-side event logs may reveal patterns of usage of Web pages. Nevertheless, extracting useful and novel information from this voluminous data set is a challenge for evaluation tools, since a few minutes simple task may result in a sequence of hundreds ... Keywords: client-side event logs, usage patterns, websites evaluation tool

Vagner Figuerdo de Santana; M. Ceclia C. Baranauskas

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Using historical accounting information to predict the resource usage of grid jobs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Basing job scheduling decisions on estimated queue wait times may help in efficiently balancing the workload on the grid. Previous work on usage prediction has mainly described methods for the estimation of queue wait times on clusters and supercomputers, ... Keywords: Grid accounting, Resource usage prediction, Workload analysis

Rosario M. Piro; Andrea Guarise; Giuseppe Patania; Albert Werbrouck

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Towards purpose enforcement model for privacy-aware usage control policy in distributed healthcare  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enforcing the purpose of data usage means to ensure that data are used as it intends for and that excessive usage cannot happen. In general, the enforcement of purpose is a complicated task. The main difficulty is to identify the purpose of an agent ...

Annanda Thavymony Rath; Jean-Nol Colin

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Quiet, clean, and efficient, electric vehicles (EVs) may someday become a practical mode of transportation for the general public. Electric vehicles can provide many advantages for the nation's environment and energy supply because they run on electricity, which can be produced from many sources of energy such as coal, natural gas, uranium, and hydropower. These vehicles offer fuel versatility to the transportation sector, which depends almost solely on oil for its energy needs. Electric vehicles are any mode of transportation operated by a motor that receives electricity from a battery or fuel cell. EVs come in all shapes and sizes and may be used for different tasks. Some EVs are small and simple, such as golf carts and electric wheel chairs. Others are larger and more complex, such as automobile and vans. Some EVs, such as fork lifts, are used in industries. In this fact sheet, we will discuss mostly automobiles and vans. There are also variations on electric vehicles, such as hybrid vehicles and solar-powered vehicles. Hybrid vehicles use electricity as their primary source of energy, however, they also use a backup source of energy, such as gasoline, methanol or ethanol. Solar-powered vehicles are electric vehicles that use photovoltaic cells (cells that convert solar energy to electricity) rather than utility-supplied electricity to recharge the batteries. This paper discusses these concepts.

Not Available

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Quantum Electrical Measurements Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Quantum Electrical Measurements Portal. Quantum Electrical Measurements Portal. Subject Areas. Electrical ...

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

393

Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here Home Savings Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting Rebate...

394

Electricity Reform in Argentina: Lessons for Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

beneficiaries seems to be based on energy usage, rather than on economic or market benefits-- once new lines were built payment was to be on the basis of energy usage, those whose power went down the line would have to pay for it, independently of how... sector as well, where low gas prices have encouraged switching of cars from gasoline to natural gas. Up to 30,000 cars a month are being converted to use gas. This has exacerbated the shortage of gas for electricity generation (See The laws...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

395

Electricity Costs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Emissions Caps and the Impact of a Radical Change in Nuclear Electricity Costs journal International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy volume year month chapter...

396

DEVELOPMENT OF A WIRELINE CPT SYSTEM FOR MULTIPLE TOOL USAGE  

SciTech Connect

The first phase of development of a wireline cone penetrometer system for multiple tool usage was completed under DOE award number DE-AR26-98FT40366. Cone penetrometer technology (CPT) has received widespread interest and is becoming more commonplace as a tool for environmental site characterization activities at several Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. Although CPT already offers many benefits for site characterization, the wireline system can improve CPT technology by offering greater utility and increased cost savings. Currently the use of multiple CPT tools during a site characterization (i.e. piezometric cone, chemical sensors, core sampler, grouting tool) must be accomplished by withdrawing the entire penetrometer rod string to change tools. This results in multiple penetrations being required to collect the data and samples that may be required during characterization of a site, and to subsequently seal the resulting holes with grout. The wireline CPT system allows multiple CPT tools to be interchanged during a single penetration, without withdrawing the CPT rod string from the ground. The goal of the project is to develop and demonstrate a system by which various tools can be placed at the tip of the rod string depending on the type of information or sample desired. Under the base contract, an interchangeable piezocone and grouting tool was designed, fabricated, and evaluated. The results of the evaluation indicate that success criteria for the base contract were achieved. In addition, the wireline piezocone tool was validated against ASTM standard cones, the depth capability of the system was found to compare favorably with that of conventional CPT, and the reliability and survivability of the system were demonstrated.

Stephen P. Farrington; Martin L. Gildea; J. Christopher Bianchi

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Intraclass Price Elasticity & Electric Rate Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric rate design relies on cost incurrance for pricing and pricing structures. However, as utilities move into a marketing mode, rate design needs to respond more to customer reactions to pricing changes. Intraclass price elasticities aid rate designers by estimating customer behavior to change. Intraclass price elasticities vary with customer usage. The more energy used by a customer, the greater the amount of elasticity. For an industrial customer, this means that all energy consumed up to the amount necessary for base operations is relatively inelastic. All energy consumption beyond this becomes more elastic as usage increases. In the book "Innovative Electric Rates," John Chamberlin and Charles Dickson utilize an economic model to test conservation programs. This model utilizes intraclass price elasticities and has a direct use in current electric rate design. The model is a strong indicator of how best a company's electric prices and pricing structures manage demand-side growth, increase energy sales consumption, and aide in non-discriminatory economic development.

Gresham, K. E.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Electric machine  

SciTech Connect

An interior permanent magnet electric machine is disclosed. The interior permanent magnet electric machine comprises a rotor comprising a plurality of radially placed magnets each having a proximal end and a distal end, wherein each magnet comprises a plurality of magnetic segments and at least one magnetic segment towards the distal end comprises a high resistivity magnetic material.

El-Refaie, Ayman Mohamed Fawzi (Niskayuna, NY); Reddy, Patel Bhageerath (Madison, WI)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

399

Survey and update of F-14a mission profiles for TF30 engine usage. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The mission profiles and maintenance procedures relating to the TF30-P-412 engines have been investigated to find out whether an observed reduction in engine usage was due to different aircraft missions or new flight procedures. A survey of fleet squadron personnel revealed mission profiles are essentially the same; however, fewer air combat engagements and landing practices account for the lower usage. The F-14 role is now more evenly distributed between air combat and intercepts, while the total number of these missions remains constant. A future advanced technology engine in this aircraft is likely to encounter higher usage requirements if there are no throttle cycle restrictions.

Cote, S.M.

1982-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

400

Analysis of data from electric and hybrid electric vehicle student competitions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy sponsored several student engineering competitions in 1993 that provided useful information on electric and hybrid electric vehicles. The electrical energy usage from these competitions has been recorded with a custom-built digital meter installed in every vehicle and used under controlled conditions. When combined with other factors, such as vehicle mass, speed, distance traveled, battery type, and type of components, this information provides useful insight into the performance characteristics of electrics and hybrids. All the vehicles tested were either electric vehicles or hybrid vehicles in electric-only mode, and had an average energy economy of 7.0 km/kwh. Based on the performance of the ``ground-up`` hybrid electric vehicles in the 1993 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge, data revealed a I km/kwh energy economy benefit for every 133 kg decrease in vehicle mass. By running all the electric vehicles at a competition in Atlanta at several different constant speeds, the effects of rolling resistance and aerodynamic drag were evaluated. On average, these vehicles were 32% more energy efficient at 40 km/h than at 72 km/h. The results of the competition data analysis confirm that these engineering competitions not only provide an educational experience for the students, but also show technology performance and improvements in electric and hybrid vehicles by setting benchmarks and revealing trends.

Wipke, K.B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Hill, N.; Larsen, R.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Optimization of Electric Energy Consumption in Marginal California Oilfields: Oilfields Energy Consumption Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High electrical cost has always constituted a major expense item in the operation of oilfields. Such high costs are particularly critical to small oil and gas operators. There are opportunities that can substantially reduce electric cost and improve energy usage efficiency. For small operators, this could mean a difference between premature abandonment and continued recovery. Energy reduction in oil production supports the need for energy reduction across all industries brought on by recent electrical en...

2001-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

402

RECS Fuel Oil Usage Form_v1 (Draft).xps  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

fuel oil usage for this delivery address between September 2008 and April 2010. Delivery Number Enter the Delivery Date for each delivery 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Enter the Total...

403

Horses and Barn Doors: Evolution of Corporate Guidelines for Internet Usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intel's Internet usage policy evolved from paractically non-existant to explicitly defined - all in reaction to changing conditions and security threats. This paper covers the evolution of Intel Internet access policy, a continual struggle to close the ...

Sally Hambridge; Jeffrey C. Sedayao

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

"Table HC11.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Northeast Census...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"No",54.7,9.8,6.7,3 "Housing Unit Characteristics Affecting Usage" "Adequacy of Insulation" "Well Insulated",42.8,8.2,5.9,2.3 "Adequately Insulated",46.3,8.1,6.1,2 "Poorly...

405

arXiv.org help - 2010 Institutional arXiv Usage Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institutional arXiv Usage Data The following table is a compilation of arXiv downloads for calendar year 2010 for the 200 heaviest user institutions. See also arXiv Support....

406

arXiv.org help - 2012 Institutional arXiv Usage Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institutional arXiv Usage Data The following table is a compilation of arXiv downloads for calendar year 2012 for the 200 heaviest user institutions. See also arXiv Support....

407

arXiv.org help - 2009 Institutional arXiv Usage Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institutional arXiv Usage Data The following table is a compilation of arXiv downloads for calendar year 2009 for the 200 heaviest user institutions. See also arXiv Support....

408

arXiv.org help - 2011 Institutional arXiv Usage Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institutional arXiv Usage Data The following table is a compilation of arXiv downloads for calendar year 2011 for the 200 heaviest user institutions. See also arXiv Support....

409

Table HC5.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Year of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Million U.S. Housing Units 1950 to 1959 1960 to 1969 1970 to 1979 Table HC5.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005 Year of Construction

410

The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DC. Steiner, R.L. (1994). Residential density and traveland Brownstone The Impact of Residential Density on VehicleWP-05-1 The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage

Golob, Thomas F; Brownstone, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Electric moped  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two electrically powered mopeds were designed and built. These vehicles offer single-person transportation which is convenient, quiet, low-cost, smooth, and pollution-free. The first moped has a 12 volt electrical system. The second has a 24 volt electrical system. They both have top speeds of about 20 miles per hour. They both use transistorized speed controls and deep-discharge, lead-acid batteries. These mopeds were put through a 750 mile test program. In this program, the 12 volt bike had an average range of nine miles. The 24 volt bike, with a smaller battery capacity, had an average range of six miles.

Ferschl, M.S.

1981-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

412

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermostats: 25 Tank Water Heater: 50 Heat Pump Water Heater: 100 CeilingFoundationWall Insulation: 70% of total installation cost up to 750 CaulkingWeather Stripping: 70%...

413

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric)- Residential...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficient New Construction: 600-3500home Home Energy Audit: Free CFLs: 50% of cost LED Bulbs: 10 Light Fixtures or Fan: 20unit Water Heaters: 50 Programmable Thermostat: 25...

414

National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Smart Grid Demonstrati...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cooperatives across 10 states. Technologies will include over 130,000 meters, over 18,000 demand response switches, nearly 4,000 in-home displays or smart thermostats, and others....

415

Northfork Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northfork Electric Coop, Inc Northfork Electric Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Northfork Electric Coop, Inc Place Oklahoma Utility Id 13838 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Controllable Irrigation Commercial Irrigation Non-Controllable Commercial Large Power 1 Industrial Large Power 2 Industrial Large Power 3- Gins and Peanut Drying Commercial Large Power With Generator Industrial Non-Residential Commercial Residential Residential Residential - Low Usage Residential

416

Solving the problems facing the electric utilities  

SciTech Connect

The dimensions of the current problems of attracting capital for utilities investment, of achieving more efficient utilization of capacity, of siting and construction of new power plants, and of utilities receiving a return on their investment large enough to enable them to continue their service to American consumers are examined. Federal actions that are being taken to help get the utilities out of their current state of malaise are described. The author concludes that positive electric power load management, through a system of cost-based pricing incentives and load controls, can achieve a balanced future both for total electricity usage and for peak demand. This would minimize the consumption of scarce fossil fuels in electricity generation, moderate the future need for construction of new capacity, improve utility revenues, and eventually reduce the need for rate increases to maintain utility viability. The FEA feels that is a reasonable, attainable objective for substantial electrification of the economy beyond 1985. (MCW)

Hill, J.A.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Connections to Electricity Use Data and Information | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Connections to Electricity Use Data and Information Connections to Electricity Use Data and Information Jump to: navigation, search Different electric utilities provide different kinds of data to their customers. Why is electricity use data important? With the right data, you can better manage your electricity use and save money on your monthly bill. Being able to share data can also be important because many companies can take your raw data, then provide it to you in easy-to-read formats that help you understand your bill, your usage, and how you can save energy and money. The maps provided here show how your electric utility compares to others when it comes to providing you with data. Dive into the maps to see what data your utility provides you. UtilitiesPlease take the utility company questionnaire now

418

Connections to Electricity Use Data and Information | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Connections to Electricity Use Data and Information Connections to Electricity Use Data and Information (Redirected from Connections to Energy Use Data and Information) Jump to: navigation, search Different electric utilities provide different kinds of data to their customers. Why is electricity use data important? With the right data, you can better manage your electricity use and save money on your monthly bill. Being able to share data can also be important because many companies can take your raw data, then provide it to you in easy-to-read formats that help you understand your bill, your usage, and how you can save energy and money. The maps provided here show how your electric utility compares to others when it comes to providing you with data. Dive into the maps to see what data your utility provides you.

419

New electric technologies to reduce global warming impacts  

SciTech Connect

Advanced electric technologies hold significant potential to reduce global warming impact through reduction of primary fuel needed to power end-use applications. These reductions can occur in two forms: (1) reduced kilowatt-hour usage and power plant emissions through efficiency improvements and technological enhancements of existing electrically-driven applications; (2) the development of new electric technologies to replace traditional fossil-fuel driven applications which can result in less overall primary energy consumption and lower overall emissions. Numerous new electric technologies are presently being developed by the Electric Power Research Institute. The technologies reviewed in this paper include: Microwave Fabric Dryer, Advanced Heat Pumps, Heat Pump Water Heater, Infrared Sand Reclaimer, Freeze Concentration, Membrane Water Recovery, Microwave Petrochemical Production, Infrared Drying, and Electric Vehicles. Full commercialization of these technologies can result in significant energy savings and CO[sub 2] reductions, in addition to improving the competitiveness of businesses using these technologies.

Courtright, H.A. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trade and Reliability; All Reports See all Electricity Reports State Electricity Profiles. ... Electric Power Industry Emissions Estimates, 1990 Through 2010:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Electricity 2011  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Electricity > Soliciting comments on EIA-111 Electricity > Soliciting comments on EIA-111 EIA announces the proposal of Form EIA-111, Quarterly Electricity Imports and Exports Report Released: August 15, 2011 Background On August 11, 2011, a Federal Register Notice was published soliciting comments for the new EIA-111 survey form. The EIA-111, Quarterly Electricity Imports and Exports Report will replace the OE-781R, Monthly Electricity Imports and Exports Report. The OE-781R has been suspended and will be terminated upon the approval of the EIA-111. The OE-781R administered from July 2010 through May 2011, proved complex and confusing for the repondents. As a result, the EIA-111 was developed to more effectively and efficiently collect more accurate and meaningful data. The Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995 requires that each Federal agency obtains approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) before undertaking to collect information from ten or more persons, or continuing a collection for which the OMB approval and the OMB control number are about to expire. The approval process, which is popularly known as the "OMB clearance process," is extensive. It requires two Federal Register notices and a detailed application ("supporting statement") to OMB. The first Federal Register Notice was published on August 11, 2011. EIA is prepared to address the comments submitted by each individual.

422

Analysis of customer response to electricity rate structures which create an endogenous electricity price  

SciTech Connect

In the 1970's, concern over the availability and cost of fossil fuels led to use of electricity rates designed to conserve energy. Under several rates the marginal electricity price was endogenous. Two such rates were inverted block rates and voluntary time-of-use (TOU) rates. Both rates have the potential to alter welfare by changing electricity-usage patterns. Both require special methodological treatment. The problem of modeling demand under block rates was addressed in several fields. The most-sophisticated solution to date is a maximum likelihood approach first used in labor economics. However, as demonstrated in this thesis, this approach may cause misspecification of the likelihood function. In this thesis, a correctly specified maximum-likelihood model is developed, in which the simultaneous determination of usage and the marginal price resulting from the block rate are explicitly modeled in a unified framework. The resulting likelihood function is not continuously differentiable. However, maximization of this likelihood function is shown to produce asymptotically normal parameter estimates. The model is used to estimate the demand for electricity under a two-tier inverted block rate. Results show very small elasticities of demand with respect to each component of the rate structure. Comparison estimates using other methodologies demonstrate the problems which can arise if the endogenous price is not carefully treated.

Kuester, K.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Illinois Municipal Electric Agency - Electric Efficiency Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Agency - Electric Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Municipal Utility Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Home...

424

The Fifth Northwest Electric Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the usage of major appliances, such as stoves, dishwashers, washing ma- chines, and dryers. All these major

425

Time-of-use electricity price effects: summary I  

SciTech Connect

In 1975 the Federal Energy Administration, now the Department of Energy (DOE), initiated 16 rate-demonstration projects. This report summarizes a standardized analysis of data from the residential portion of six of those projects: Arizona, Connecticut, Ohio, Rhode Island, Wisconsin, and the Blue Ridge Electric Membership Corporation study of the North Carolina project. A brief description of the DOE rate-demonstration program is provided along with a statement of RTI's objectives in the analysis of TOU rate effects. The report also summarizes the individual project results, which indicate that the experimental TOU rates generally reduced both peak-period and total electricity usage on both average and peak days, since off-peak usage was usually about the same for both TOU and control customers. Analysis methods and data limitations are fully described and additional details on project specific results are given. Some qualitative conclusions and impressions about TOU rates that have been suggested by these analyses are offered.

Miedema, A.K.; White, S.B.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

C:\MYDOCS\CBECS-FORM\CBECSFRM\ELECTRIC.WPD  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A (8/12/97) A (8/12/97) Form Approval Electricity Usage OMB No: 1905-0145 Expires: July 31, 1998 Label IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS, PLEASE CALL 1-800-927-0589 TOLL FREE AND ASK FOR THE SUPPLIER SURVEY SPECIALIST. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS ENERGY CONSUMPTION SURVEY FOR 1995 BUILDING ELECTRICITY USAGE FORM Consumption data are to be provided for the entire building identified on the label. A copy of the authorization form signed by the building owner/manager is included inside. Data may be submitted directly on the reporting form inside this folder, or in any other format, such as a computer-generated listing or formatted diskette (if enclosed) , which provides the same information and is convenient for your company. Whatever format is used to submit data, answers to all questions on this form must be

427

Electricity Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and reliability of the energy infrastructure, and facilitating recovery from disruptions to energy supply. MajorElectricity Delivery and Energy Reliability High Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) Visualization on the nation's energy delivery system Superconductors are important to meeting the nation's energy needs

428

Price Elasticity of Demand for Electricity: A Primer and Synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of recent real-time pricing (RTP) and critical peak pricing (CPP) pilots demonstrate resoundingly that consumers can and will adjust electricity usage in response to price changes. Nonetheless, dynamic pricing plans are still novelties, in part because policy makers and pricing plan designers are equally skeptical of the impact of large-scale implementation. There is no consensus on the degree to which consumers will respond to price changes and as a result no concurrence on which pricing pla...

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

429

"Table HC7.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" 5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Space Heating Usage Indicators" "Total U.S. Housing Units",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Do Not Have Heating Equipment",1.2,0.5,0.3,0.2,"Q",0.2,0.3,0.6 "Have Space Heating Equipment",109.8,26.2,28.5,20.4,13,21.8,16.3,37.9 "Use Space Heating Equipment",109.1,25.9,28.1,20.3,12.9,21.8,16,37.3

430

Groff (GNU ditroff) usage on Sun and SGI machines at the Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Groff (GNU ditroff) usage on Sun and SGI machines at the Lab Groff (GNU ditroff) usage on Sun and SGI machines at the Lab groff is the front end for the groff document formatting system. (GNU ditroff). groff's default device is ps (PostScript). (You may need to use "module load groff" to make groff available.) Sample usage Write groff output to a PostScript file me macros: groff -set -me myfile.me > myfile.ps ms macros: groff -set -mgs myfile.ms > myfile.ps Note well: "-mgs" uses the groff version of the MS ("gs") macros. Send groff output to a PostScript printer me macros: groff -set -me myfile.me | lpr -P someprinter ms macros: groff -set -mgs myfile.ms | lpr -P someprinter "someprinter" is some PostScript printer on distributed printing. Some common flags (from "man groff")

431

RECS Fuel Oil Usage Form_v1 (Draft).xps  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

fuel oil usage for this delivery address between fuel oil usage for this delivery address between September 2008 and April 2010. Delivery Number Enter the Delivery Date for each delivery 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Enter the Total Dollar Amount including taxes [Exclude late fees, merchandise, repairs, and service charges] 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Form EIA 457G OMB No. 1905-0092 Expires 1/31/13 2009 RECS Fuel Oil and Kerosene Usage Form Delivery Address: Account Number: $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / Enter the Amount Delivered in Gallons XXXX Type of Fuel Sold was: 1=Fuel Oil #1 2=Fuel Oil #2 3=Kerosene 4=Other Enter the Price per Gallon $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ XXX.XX $ X.XX (select one) 1 2 3 4 MM/DD/YY Page 1 of 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis

432

"Table HC11.13 Lighting Usage Indicators by Northeast Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by Northeast Census Region, 2005" 3 Lighting Usage Indicators by Northeast Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total Northeast" "Lighting Usage Indicators",,,"Middle Atlantic","New England" "Total U.S. Housing Units",111.1,20.6,15.1,5.5 "Indoor Lights Turned On During Summer" "Number of Lights Turned On" "Between 1 and 4 Hours per Day",91.8,16.8,12.2,4.6 "1.",28.6,5,3.5,1.5 "2.",29.5,6.2,4.8,1.4 "3.",14.7,2.5,1.7,0.8 "4.",9.3,1.5,1.1,0.4 "5 or More",9.7,1.6,1.1,0.5 "Energy-Efficient Bulbs Used",31.1,5.2,3.6,1.6

433

"Table HC13.13 Lighting Usage Indicators by South Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by South Census Region, 2005" 3 Lighting Usage Indicators by South Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"South Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total South" "Lighting Usage Indicators",,,"South Atlantic","East South Central","West South Central" "Total U.S. Housing Units",111.1,40.7,21.7,6.9,12.1 "Indoor Lights Turned On During Summer" "Number of Lights Turned On" "Between 1 and 4 Hours per Day",91.8,33.8,17.5,6.1,10.3 "1.",28.6,11.2,6.5,1.5,3.2 "2.",29.5,10.5,5.4,2,3.1 "3.",14.7,5,2.1,1.2,1.7 "4.",9.3,3.4,1.5,0.8,1.2 "5 or More",9.7,3.7,1.9,0.6,1.2

434

"Table HC7.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" 0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"2005 Household Income",,,,,"Below Poverty Line","Eligible for Federal Assistance1" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Less than $20,000","$20,000 to $39,999","$40,000 to $59,999","$60,000 to $79,999","$80,000 or More" "Home Appliances Usage Indicators" "Total",111.1,26.7,28.8,20.6,13.1,22,16.6,38.6 "Cooking Appliances" "Frequency of Hot Meals Cooked" "3 or More Times A Day",8.2,2.9,2.5,1.3,0.5,1,2.4,4.6 "2 Times A Day",24.6,6.5,7,4.3,3.2,3.6,4.8,10.3 "Once a Day",42.3,8.8,9.8,8.7,5.1,10,5,12.9

435

"Table HC9.12 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Climate Zone, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Climate Zone, 2005" 2 Home Electronics Usage Indicators by Climate Zone, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Climate Zone1" ,,"Less than 2,000 CDD and --",,,,"2,000 CDD or More and Less than 4,000 HDD" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Greater than 7,000 HDD","5,500 to 7,000 HDD","4,000 to 5,499 HDD","Less than 4,000 HDD" "Home Electronics Usage Indicators" "Total",111.1,10.9,26.1,27.3,24,22.8 "Personal Computers" "Do Not Use a Personal Computer",35.5,3.2,8.3,8.9,7.7,7.5 "Use a Personal Computer",75.6,7.8,17.8,18.4,16.3,15.3 "Most-Used Personal Computer" "Type of PC" "Desk-top Model",58.6,6.2,14.3,14.2,12.1,11.9

436

Heavy-duty truck population, activity and usage patterns. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the study was to update the heavy-duty truck (HDT) population, activity (e.g., vehicle miles traveled (VMT), numbers of starts and trips, trip duration, etc.), and usage patterns type of service/business (e.g., delivery, construction, etc.), area of operation (i.e., local, short-haul, long-haul) for HDT`s registered and/or operated in California. The population and activity estimates were done on a weight-class-specific basis light-heavy-duty, medium-heavy-duty and heavy-heavy-duty. Population, activity and usage estimates were based primarily on Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) registration data and Truck Inventory and Usage Survey (TIUS) data. In addition to the analysis of existing data (i.e., DMV and TIUS), 42 HDTs were fitted with on-board data loggers that recorded numbers of trips and starts, daily VMT and travel by time-of-day.

Fischer, M.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Understanding Motivations for Facebook Use: Usage Metrics, Network Structure, and Privacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study explores the links between motives for using a social network service and numerical measures of that activity. Specifically, it identified motives for Facebook use by employing a Uses and Gratifications (U&G) approach and then investigated the extent to which these motives can be predicted through usage and network metrics collected automatically via the Facebook API. In total, 11 Facebook usage metrics and eight personal network metrics served as predictors. Results showed that all three variable types in this expanded U&G frame of analysis (covering social antecedents, usage metrics, and personal network metrics) effectively predicted motives and highlighted interesting behaviors. To further illustrate the power of this framework, the intricate nature of privacy in social media was explored and relationships drawn between privacy attitudes (and acts) and measures of use and network structure. Author Keywords Uses and gratifications; social network sites; social networks; Facebook; privacy; computer-mediated communication.

Tasos Spiliotopoulos; Ian Oakley

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

"Table HC14.13 Lighting Usage Indicators by West Census Region, 2005"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Lighting Usage Indicators by West Census Region, 2005" 3 Lighting Usage Indicators by West Census Region, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"West Census Region" ,"U.S. Housing Units (millions)" ,,,"Census Division" ,,"Total West" "Lighting Usage Indicators",,,"Mountain","Pacific" "Total U.S. Housing Units",111.1,24.2,7.6,16.6 "Indoor Lights Turned On During Summer" "Number of Lights Turned On" "Between 1 and 4 Hours per Day",91.8,19.5,6.1,13.4 "1.",28.6,6.1,1.7,4.4 "2.",29.5,6.3,1.8,4.5 "3.",14.7,3.1,1.1,2 "4.",9.3,1.9,0.6,1.3 "5 or More",9.7,2,0.8,1.2 "Energy-Efficient Bulbs Used",31.1,8.6,2.3,6.3 "1.",14.6,3.6,1,2.6

439

" Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Usage within General Energy-Saving Technologies;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Number of Establishments by Usage of General Energy-Saving Technologies, 2002;" 2 Number of Establishments by Usage of General Energy-Saving Technologies, 2002;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Usage within General Energy-Saving Technologies;" " Unit: Establishment Counts." " "," ",,"Computer Control of Building Wide Evironment(c)",,,"Computer Control of Processes or Major Energy-Using Equipment(d)",,,"Waste Heat Recovery",,,"Adjustable - Speed Motors",,,"Oxy - Fuel Firing",,," ",," " " "," ",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"RSE" "NAICS"," ",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"Row"

440

" Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Usage within General Energy-Saving Technologies;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Number of Establishments by Usage of General Energy-Saving Technologies, 1998;" 1. Number of Establishments by Usage of General Energy-Saving Technologies, 1998;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Usage within General Energy-Saving Technologies;" " Unit: Establishment Counts." " "," "," ",,,"Computer","Control of","Processes"," "," "," ",,,," ",," " " "," ","Computer Control","of Building-Wide","Environment(b)","or Major","Energy-Using","Equipment(c)","Waste","Heat","Recovery","Adjustable -","Speed","Motors","RSE"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on boilers, hot water, district heating, spot heating, andwood to charcoal to district heating. www.tecsoc.org/pubs/pellets) or via district heating systems. Air conditioning

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. Nevius, J.for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. Neme, C. ,for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. Hunt,

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neiman Eds. ) ACEEE, Washington, DC. Lutz, J. and Wilcox, B.Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. Nevius, J. and Pigg, S.Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. Neme, C. , Hamilton, B. ,

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Demand response-enabled residential thermostat controls.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refrigeration, & Air-Conditioning Engineers. Auslander,existing patterns of air conditioning and heating.in conjunction with air conditioning), the main actuation in

Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.; Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Residential Winter and Summer Air Conditioning.Air Conditioning Contractors of America. Washington, DC.refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA.

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during unoccupied hours. Smart Grid: The automated electricall points in between. The Smart Grid has the technical

Meier, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although heating and cooling for thermal comfort inconcerning health, thermal comfort, and alternative coolingand cooling costs while maintaining acceptable thermal

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a cave, heating and cooling for thermal comfort in dwellingsthermal environment and residents' control behavior of coolingthermal preferences and the operation of the heating and cooling

Meier, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comfort, and alternative cooling strategies. Occupants veryNon-Compressor Cooling Alternatives for Reducing Residential

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Tropical Thermostats and Low Cloud Cover  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of subtropical stratus low cloud cover to moderate or amplify the tropical response to climate forcing such as increased CO2 is considered. Cloud radiative forcing over the subtropics is parameterized using an empirical relation ...

R. L. Miller

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Definition: Programmable Communicating Thermostat | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to remotely modify temperature set points and load consumption.1 Related Terms sustainability References https:www.smartgrid.govcategorytechnologyprogrammablecommunic...

452

Demand response-enabled residential thermostat controls.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

house and HVAC system. We have also developed optimizationoptimization, the system starts from default values and learns the dynamic behavior of a house and HVACHVAC system is completely under control of the DREAM. Test focuses on optimization

Chen, Xue; Jang, Jaehwi; Auslander, David M.; Peffer, Therese; Arens, Edward A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Hamiltonian Thermostats Fail to Promote Heat Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hamiltonian mechanics can be used to constrain temperature simultaneously with energy. We illustrate the interesting situations that develop when two different temperatures are imposed within a composite Hamiltonian system. The model systems we treat are "phi-4" chains, with quartic tethers and quadratic nearest-neighbor Hooke's-law interactions. This model is known to satisfy Fourier's law. Our prototypical problem sandwiches a Newtonian subsystem between hot and cold Hamiltonian reservoir regions. We have characterized four different Hamiltonian reservoir types. There is no tendency for any of these two-temperature Hamiltonian simulations to transfer heat from the hot to the cold degrees of freedom. Evidently steady heat flow simulations require energy sources and sinks, and are therefore incompatible with Hamiltonian mechanics.

Wm. G. Hoover; Carol G. Hoover

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

454

Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

underestimated the heating setpoint (Woods, 2006), and foundto a central heating system, where hot air from a wood fireheating/cooling devices not controlled by PTs, (for example wood

Meier, Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

under-floor heating, where hot air from a wood fire flowedfrom wood to charcoal to district heating. www.tecsoc.org/gas, oil, or wood pellets) or via district heating systems.

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

saturation survey. California Energy Commission Report 400-the Elderly. A UERG California Energy Studies Report. UER-1984- 1988). California Energy Commission, Sacramento, CA.

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report on Applicability of Residential Ventilation StandardsCharacterization of Residential New Construction PracticesJ - Load Calculation for Residential Winter and Summer Air

Meier, Alan K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

A persuasive GPS-controlled thermostat system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using 10 weeks of data from a couple living in an instrumented home, we report on the potential of context-aware power management for energy saving. We identify an opportunity to save on heating and cooling using a system ...

Gupta, Manu, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Charge Migration Efficiency Optimization in Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage (HEES) Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Experimental results for an HEES system comprising of banks of batteries and supercapacitors demonstrate a migration efficiency improvement up to 51.3%, for su- percapacitor to battery and supercapacitor to supercapacitor charge migration. 1. INTRODUCTION Electrical energy usage changes over time due to the types

Pedram, Massoud

460

Impact of Industrial Electric Rate Structure on Energy Conservation - A Utility Viewpiont  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the price of energy rises, changes in industrial electric rates will have an impact on energy usage and conservation. Utilities interested in reducing system peak demands may reflect this need in the rate structure as an incentive for the industrial customer to alter their present operation. Utilities recognize that industry offers the greatest potential for peak load reduction.

Williams, M. M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Evaluation of evolving residential electricity tariffs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Residential customers in California's Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) territory have seen several electricity rate structure changes in the past decade. A relatively simple two-tiered pricing system (charges by usage under/over baseline for the home's climate zone) was replaced in the summer of 2001 by a more complicated five-tiered system (usage below baseline and up to 30percent, 100percent, 200percent, and 300percent+ over baseline). In 2009, PG&E began the process of upgrading its residential customers to Smart Meters and laying the groundwork for time of use pricing, due to start in 2011. This paper examines the history of the tiered pricing system, discusses the problems the utility encountered with its Smart Meter roll out, and evaluates the proposed dynamic pricing incentive structures. Scenario analyses of example PG&E customer bills will also be presented. What would these residential customers pay if they were still operating under a tiered structure, and/or if they participated in peak hour reductions?

Lai, Judy; DeForest, Nicholas; Kiliccote, Sila; Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Donadee, Jon

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

462

Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved ETA-TP008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Revision 2 Effective March 1, 1997 Battery Charging Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: _______________________________ Date:__________ Jude M. Clark Approved by: ______________________________________________ Date: _______________ Donald B. Karner Procedure ETA-TP008 Revision 2 2 ©1997 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Objectives 3 2.0 Purpose 3 3.0 Documentation 3 4.0 Initial Conditions and Prerequisites 4 5.0 Testing Activity Requirements 5 6.0 Glossary 8 7.0 References 10 Appendices Appendix A - Charging Checklist 11 Appendix B - Charging Data Sheet 12 Appendix C - Metrology Usage Sheet 13

463

Innovative Control of Electric Heat in Multifamily Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the application of web-based wireless technology for control of electric heating in a large multifamily housing complex. The control system architecture and components are described. A web-based application enables remote monitoring of temperature, electric usage and control of peak demand through a temperature-based duty-cycling algorithm developed specifically for the application. Installed costs and energy savings are discussed. A 16% energy-use reduction was confirmed through the first heating season of operation. The response of occupants and management to changes in temperature regime has been a critical aspect of system start-up and commissioning.

Lempereur, D.; Bobker, M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

We got a new digital electric meter. Our usage went up 123%. Our Bill went up 65%  

SciTech Connect

There is no question that smart meters are a benefit to utilities, in terms of operational efficiency. But headlines like this one are frightening. They suggest a significant misunderstanding of the technology, marketing, and customer experience surrounding this worthwhile innovation. (author)

Honebein, Peter C.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

EPRI/GRI Load Shape Workshop: Load Data Analysis for Gas and Electric Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Load shapes, representing usage patterns in the electric and gas industry, are a key factor in energy company operations and management. In the emerging restructured energy market, retail energy suppliers market energy to final customers and must arrange for electricity generation or gas delivery to meet their customers' needs. EPRI and GRI sponsored a two-day workshop in June, 1999 that addressed a range of issues associated with load shapes, including modeling, profiling for retail market settlement, r...

1999-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

466

Portland General Electric Company Second Revision of Sheet No. 7-1 P.U.C. Oregon No. E-17 Canceling First Sheet No. 7-1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Portland General Electric Company Second Revision of Sheet No. 7-1 P.U.C. Oregon No. E-17 Canceling on and after January 1, 2003 #12;Portland General Electric Company First Revision of Sheet No. 7-2 PWh in addition to Energy Charge Renewable Usage 0.800¢ per kWh in addition to Energy Charge Fixed Renewable $3

467

Presented at 38th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Systems Science, Waikoloa, HI, Jan. 5-8,2005 Market Structure and the Predictability of Electricity System Line Flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-8,2005 Market Structure and the Predictability of Electricity System Line Flows: An Experimental Analysis Nodir results, that the power flow on any line in an electric network is linearly proportional to the total in the subsequent period and are paid a pre-specified amount for each kWh less than their benchmark level of usage

468

Industry-Government Partnership Funds New Energy-Saving ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... PowerLight Corporation Berkeley, Calif. Solar roof cooling and electricity generation. ... Energy-saving thermostat with variable deadband control. ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

469

Electricity Transmission, A Primer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the electric power system, 2) gives electricity customers flexibility to diversify the mix of fuels that produces their electricity by giving them access to power plants, 3)...

470

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Temperatures & Electricity Demand An Assessment of Supply Adequacy in California Trends.......................................................................................................1 HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND.....................................................................................................................7 SECTION I: HIGH TEMPERATURES AND ELECTRICITY DEMAND ..........................9 BACKGROUND

471

Electric Power Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

F. Coal: Consumption for Electricity Generation and Useful Thermal Output, by Sector, 2001 - 2011 (Billion Btus) Electric Power Sector Period Total (all sectors) Electric Utilities...

472

Designing Electricity Auctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. (2002) Why Did Electricity Prices Fall in England &Why Did British Electricity Prices Fall After 1998? ,The Fall in British Electricity Prices: Market Rules, Market

Fabra, Natalia; von der Fehr, Nils-Henrik; Harbord, David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Retail Electricity Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets mimeo, MITCSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition * Paul Joskow andwww.ucei.org Retail Electricity Competition ? Paul Joskow

Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing Markets for Electricity. Wiley IEEE Press. [25]in the England and Wales Electricity Market, Power WorkingFelder (1996), Should Electricity Markets Have a Capacity

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Designing Electricity Auctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

market performance in electricity auctions, it appears thatMcSorely (2001) Regulating Electricity Markets: Experiencethe United Kingdom, The Electricity Journal, December, 81-

Fabra, Natalia; von der Fehr, Nils-Henrik; Harbord, David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Time-of-use electricity price effects. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In 1975 the Federal Energy Administration, now the Department of Energy (DOE), initiated 16 rate demonstration projects. This report summarizes a standardized analysis of data from the residential portion of 11 of those projects: Arizona, Arkansas, Connecticut, Los Angeles, North Carolina (Blue Ridge Electric Membership Corporation), North Carolina (Carolina Power and Light Company), Ohio, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin. A brief description of the DOE rate demonstration program is provided along with a statement of RTI's objectives in the analysis of TOU rate effects. The report also describes methods and estimation models used for the studies. Details of experimental design and analysis results are given for individual projects analyzed by RTI. Finally, some general observations about the impacts of TOU rates that have been suggested by these analyses are offered. A review of the analytical findings suggests that experimental TOU rates generally reduced peak-period consumption on both average and system peak days. The reductions tended to be larger on system peak days than on average days. Since off-peak consumption was usually about the same for both TOU and control customers, total daily usage by TOU customers was generally reduced. The studies also indicate that high-usage customers responded to TOU rates more sensitively than low-usage customers, suggesting that an effective implementation of a TOU rate schedule may initially be limited to high-usage customers.

Miedema, A.K.; Lee, K.K.; White, S.B.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

WebKDD 2005: web mining and web usage analysis post-workshop report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this report, we summarize the contents and outcomes of the recent WebKDD 2005 workshop on Web Mining and Web Usage Analysis that was held in conjunction with the 11th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD ... Keywords: clickstream analysis, mining evolving web data, personalization, profiling, recommender systems, web mining

Olfa Nasraoui; Osmar R. Zaane; Myra Spiliopoulou; Bamshad Mobasher; Brij Masand; Philip S. YU

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

RadioJockey: Mining Program Execution to Optimize Cellular Radio Usage Pavan K. Athivarapu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dormancy is typically invoked with a fixed short inactivity timer (e.g., 3-5s), thereby reducing the energy. BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION 2.1 Energy and Signaling Overhead During normal usage, a cellular radio switches costs. This has a major implication on the energy consumed by background applications that typically

479

Impact of Liquefied Natural Gas usage and payload size on Hybrid Wing Body aircraft fuel efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work assessed Hybrid Wing Body (HWB) aircraft in the context of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) fuel usage and payload/range scalability at three scales: H1 (B737), H2 (B787) and H3 (B777). The aircraft were optimized for ...

Mody, Pritesh (Pritesh Chetan)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Cell phone usage and broad feature preferences: A study among Finnish undergraduate students  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the cell phone use and broad cell phone feature preferences among high school and undergraduate in Finland. Of particular interest is the issue of gender differences regarding the use of the cell phones and ... Keywords: Cell phone usage, Conceptualization, Feature preferences

Matti Haverila

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermostat electrical usage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Instructions for CEC-1250E-4 Biomass and Fossil Fuel Usage Report for Biomass Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Instructions for CEC-1250E-4 Biomass and Fossil Fuel Usage Report for Biomass Facilities Biomass energy input basis in the upcoming calendar year? - Please check "yes" or "no." 12. Types of Biomass Fuel Used - Please report the quantity and supplier of the following types of biomass fuel used

482

Multimedia-based mobile phone consciousness and usage amongst the undergraduate students in Malaysia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea of presenting undergraduates' awareness, usage and other various issues regarding mobile phone multimedia application will be the paper's main agenda and talking point. The first section of this paper will give a succinct introduction to today's ... Keywords: consciousness, mobile phone, multimedia application, undergraduates, youth

Amirrudin Kamsin; Md Nor Ridzuan Daud

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Identifying software usage at HPC centers with the automatic library tracking database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A library tracking database has been developed to monitor software/library usage. This Automatic Library Tracking Database (ALTD) automatically and transparently stores, into a database, information about the libraries linked into an application at compilation ... Keywords: Cray XT, database, library, most/least used software, tracking

Bilel Hadri; Mark Fahey; Nick Jones

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

"Table HC8.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

",54.7,24.9,8.6,11.5,9.7 "Housing Unit Characteristics Affecting Usage" "Adequacy of Insulation" "Well Insulated",42.8,16,7.1,9.4,10.3 "Adequately Insulated",46.3,20.3,8,9.5,8.5...

485

"Table HC13.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by South Census...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

No",54.7,20.9,11.3,3.6,6 "Housing Unit Characteristics Affecting Usage" "Adequacy of Insulation" "Well Insulated",42.8,16.1,9.1,2.5,4.5 "Adequately Insulated",46.3,17,9.1,3.2,4.7...

486

"Table HC3.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Owner-Occupied...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.7,29.4,2.3,0.9,1.3,2.8 "Housing Unit Characteristics Affecting Usage" "Adequacy of Insulation" "Well Insulated",42.8,32.8,27.8,1.5,1,0.9,1.6 "Adequately Insulated",46.3,33,26.8,2...

487

"Table HC15.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Four Most Populated...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

No",54.7,3.2,3.3,3.8,5.7 "Housing Unit Characteristics Affecting Usage" "Adequacy of Insulation" "Well Insulated",42.8,3.1,2.7,3,3.5 "Adequately Insulated",46.3,2.7,3.1,3.1,5.2...

488

"Table HC10.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by U.S. Census...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,54.7,9.8,12.9,20.9,11.2 "Housing Unit Characteristics Affecting Usage" "Adequacy of Insulation" "Well Insulated",42.8,8.2,10.6,16.1,7.9 "Adequately Insulated",46.3,8.1,10.6,17,10....

489

"Table HC4.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Renter-Occupied...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.9,3.6,1.9,3.2,8.6,0.6 "Housing Unit Characteristics Affecting Usage" "Adequacy of Insulation" "Well Insulated",42.8,10,2,0.8,1.8,5.1,0.2 "Adequately Insulated",46.3,13.3,3,1.5,2...

490

"Table HC12.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Midwest Census...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"No",54.7,12.9,9.1,3.7 "Housing Unit Characteristics Affecting Usage" "Adequacy of Insulation" "Well Insulated",42.8,10.6,7.2,3.4 "Adequately Insulated",46.3,10.6,7.5,3.1 "Poorly...

491

"Table HC14.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by West Census...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"No",54.7,11.2,3.4,7.8 "Housing Unit Characteristics Affecting Usage" "Adequacy of Insulation" "Well Insulated",42.8,7.9,2.8,5.1 "Adequately Insulated",46.3,10.6,3.3,7.3 "Poorly...

492

"Table HC7.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Household Income...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5,11.2,6.7,13.2,5.8,14.5 "Housing Unit Characteristics Affecting Usage" "Adequacy of Insulation" "Well Insulated",42.8,9,11,8.2,5.1,9.5,4.8,13.1 "Adequately Insulated",46.3,10.4,11...

493

Engineers and the Web: An analysis of real life gaps in information usage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineers face a wide range of gaps when trying to identify, acquire, and utilize information from the Web. To be able to avoid creating such gaps, it is essential to understand them in detail. This paper reports the results of a study of the real life ... Keywords: Critical incident technique, Engineers, Gaps, Information usage processes

Jeroen Kraaijenbrink

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric vehicle testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric and Pure Electric Vehicle Testing (Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity) Jim Francfort Discovery Center of Idaho - September 2005 INLCON-05-00693 HEV & EV Testing...

495

NREL: Electricity Integration Research - Electricity, Resources...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity, Resources, and Building Systems Integration Center NREL's Electricity, Resources, and Building Systems Integration Center brings together diverse groups of experts...

496

Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon Central Hudson Gas & Electric (Electric) - Commercial Lighting Rebate Program (New York) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as...

497

Electrical receptacle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a receptacle for a three prong electrical plug which has either a tubular or U-shaped grounding prong. The inventive receptacle has a grounding prong socket which is sufficiently spacious to prevent the socket from significantly stretching when a larger, U-shaped grounding prong is inserted into the socket, and having two ridges to allow a snug fit when a smaller tubular shape grounding prong is inserted into the socket. The two ridges are made to prevent the socket from expanding when either the U-shaped grounding prong or the tubular grounding prong is inserted.

Leong, R.

1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

498

Electrical receptacle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a receptacle for a three prong electrical plug which has either a tubular or U-shaped grounding prong. The inventive receptacle has a grounding prong socket which is sufficiently spacious to prevent the socket from significantly stretching when a larger, U-shaped grounding prong is inserted into the socket, and having two ridges to allow a snug fit when a smaller tubular shape grounding prong is inserted into the socket. The two ridges are made to prevent the socket from expanding when either the U-shaped grounding prong or the tubular grounding prong is inserted.

Leong, R.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

499

Electrical receptacle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a receptacle for a three prong electrical plug which has either a tubular or U-shaped grounding prong. The inventive receptacle has a grounding prong socket which is sufficiently spacious to prevent the socket from significantly stretching when a larger, U-shaped grounding prong is inserted into the socket, and having two ridges to allow a snug fit when a smaller tubular shape grounding prong is inserted into the socket. The two ridges are made to prevent the socket from expanding when either the U-shaped grounding prong or the tubular grounding prong is inserted.

Leong, Robert (Dublin, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Electrical receptacle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a receptacle for a three prong electrical plug which has either a tubular or U-shaped grounding prong. The inventive receptacle has a grounding prong socket which is sufficiently spacious to prevent the socket from significantly stretching when a larger, U-shaped grounding prong is inserted into the socket, and having two ridges to allow a snug fit when a smaller tubular shape grounding prong is inserted into the socket. The two ridges are made to prevent the socket from expanding when either the U-shaped grounding prong or the tubular grounding prong is inserted.

Leong, R.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z