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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Component for thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a thermoelectric generator, a component comprises a ceramic insulator, having over limited areas thereof, each area corresponding to a terminal end of thermoelectric wires, a coating of a first metal which adheres to the insulator, and an electrical thermoelectric junction including a second metal which wets said first metal and adheres to said terminal ends but does not wet said insulator, and a cloth composed of electrically insulating threads interlaced with thermoelectric wires.

Purdy, David L. (Indiana, PA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

HVAC component data modeling using industry foundation classes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HVAC Component Data Modeling Using Industry Foundationof a major extension of the HVAC part of the IFC data model.generic approach for handling HVAC components. This includes

Bazjanac, Vladimir; Forester, James; Haves, Philip; Sucic, Darko; Xu, Peng

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Tile of the document: HVAC system component-based modeling and implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Abstract Tile of the document: HVAC system component-based modeling and implementation Karam the foundation for modeling components that are used in HVAC systems (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning such functionalities. #12;2 HVAC system component-based modeling and implementation By Karam H. Rajab Scholarly

Austin, Mark

4

Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) HVAC System Component Index  

SciTech Connect

This document lists safety class (SC) and safety significant (SS) components for the Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning (HVAC) and specifies the critical characteristics for Commercial Grade Items (CGI), as required by HNF-PRO-268 and HNF-PRO-18 19. These are the minimum specifications that the equipment must meet in order to properly perform its safety function. There may be several manufacturers or models that meet the critical characteristics for any one item. The Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) HVAC System includes sub-systems 25A through 25K. Specific system boundaries and justifications are contained in HNF-SD-CP-SDD-005, ''Definition and Means of Maintaining the Ventilation System Confinement Portion of the PFP Safety Envelope.'' The procurement requirements associated with the system necessitates procurement of some system equipment as Commercial Grade Items in accordance with HNF-PRO-268, ''Control of Purchased Items and Services.''

DIAZ, E.N.

2000-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

5

Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) HVAC System Component Index  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) WAC System includes sub-systems 25A through 25K. Specific system boundaries and justifications are contained in HNF-SD-CP-SDD-005, ''Definition and Means of Maintaining the Ventilation System Confinement Portion of the PFP Safety Envelope.'' The procurement requirements associated with the system necessitates procurement of some system equipment as Commercial Grade Items in accordance with HNF-PRO-268, ''Control of Purchased Items and Services.'' This document lists safety class and safety significant components for the Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning and specifies the critical characteristics for Commercial Grade Items, as required by HNF-PRO-268 and HNF-PRO-1819. These are the minimum specifications that the equipment must meet in order to properly perform its safety function. There may be several manufacturers or models that meet the critical characteristics for any one item.

DICK, J.D.

2000-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

6

Clean Diesel Engine Component Improvement Program Diesel Truck Thermoelectric Generator  

SciTech Connect

Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (Hi-Z) is currently developing four different auxiliary generator designs that are used to convert a portion (5 to 20%) of the waste heat from vehicle engines exhaust directly to electricity. The four designs range from 200 Watts to 10 kW. The furthest along is the 1 kW Diesel Truck Thermoelectric Generator (DTTEG) for heavy duty Class 8 Diesel trucks, which, under this program, has been subjected to 543,000 equivalent miles of bouncing and jarring on PACCARâ??s test track. Test experience on an earlier version of the DTTEG on the same track showed the need for design modifications incorporated in DTTEG Mod 2, such as a heavy duty shock mounting system and reinforcement of the electrical leads mounting system, the thermocouple mounting system and the thermoelectric module restraints. The conclusion of the 543,000 mile test also pointed the way for an upgrading to heavy duty hose or flex connections for the internal coolant connections for the TEG, and consideration of a separate lower temperature cooling loop with its own radiator. Fuel savings of up to $750 per year and a three to five year payback are believed to be possible with the 5 % efficiency modules. The economics are expected to improve considerably to approach a two year payback when the 5 kW to 10 kW generators make it to the market in a few years with a higher efficiency (20%) thermoelectric module system called Quantum Wells, which are currently under development by Hi-Z. Ultimately, as automation takes over to reduce material and labor costs in the high volume production of QW modules, a one year payback for the 5 kW to10 kW generator appears possible. This was one of the stated goals at the beginning of the project. At some future point in time, with the DTTEG becoming standard equipment on all trucks and automobiles, fuel savings from the 25% conversion of exhaust heat to useable electricity nationwide equates to a 10% reduction in the 12 to 15 million barrels per day of imported oil, that much less air pollution, and an equivalent reduction in the trade deficit, which is expected to lower the inflation rate.

N.B. Elsner; J.C. Bass; S. Ghamaty; D. Krommenhoek; A. Kushch; D. Snowden; S. Marchetti

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

7

HVAC Testing, Adjusting, and Balancing Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides practical guidelines that can be used by power plant personnel to diagnose and troubleshoot heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) system and component performance problems.

2001-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

8

Renovating Residential HVAC Systems HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - LBNL 57406 Renovating Residential HVAC Systems HVAC Systems J.A. McWilliams and I.S. Walker and Air Conditioning), and Stacy Hunt and Ananda Harzell (IBACOS). #12;- 3 - Renovating Residential HVAC Guideline for Residential HVAC Retrofits (http

9

IFC HVAC interface to EnergyPlus - A case of expanded interoperability for energy simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D. Sucic and P. Xu. 2002. HVAC Component Data Modeling Using2001. BS-8 project: IFC HVAC extension schemata. http://IFC HVAC INTERFACE TO ENERGYPLUS – A CASE OF EXPANDED

Bazjanac, Vladimir; Maile, Tobias

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Strategy Guideline: HVAC Equipment Sizing  

SciTech Connect

The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system is arguably the most complex system installed in a house and is a substantial component of the total house energy use. A right-sized HVAC system will provide the desired occupant comfort and will run efficiently. This Strategy Guideline discusses the information needed to initially select the equipment for a properly designed HVAC system. Right-sizing of an HVAC system involves the selection of equipment and the design of the air distribution system to meet the accurate predicted heating and cooling loads of the house. Right-sizing the HVAC system begins with an accurate understanding of the heating and cooling loads on a space; however, a full HVAC design involves more than just the load estimate calculation - the load calculation is the first step of the iterative HVAC design procedure. This guide describes the equipment selection of a split system air conditioner and furnace for an example house in Chicago, IL as well as a heat pump system for an example house in Orlando, Florida. The required heating and cooling load information for the two example houses was developed in the Department of Energy Building America Strategy Guideline: Accurate Heating and Cooling Load Calculations.

Burdick, A.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : HVAC Solution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Solution Back to Tool Screenshot for HVAC Solution. Screenshot for HVAC Solution. Screenshot for HVAC Solution...

12

Modeling and optimization of building HVAC systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents the development of hybrid modeling methodologies for HVAC component static/steady-state models and dynamic/transient models, and the development and implementation of a model-based… (more)

Jin, Guang Yu.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

HVAC Maintenance and Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC - HVAC - Maintenance and Technologies Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting Providence, Rhode Island April 15, 2010 BY Ramin Faramarzi, P.E. Technology Test Centers (TTC) Design and Engineering Services Southern California Edison (SCE) www.sce.com/rttc 2 Outline * Introduction to SCE's TTC * Overview of energy challenges in California (CA) * Role of HVAC in CA's energy and demand equations * Factors affecting HVAC performance * Focus on SCE's research on maintenance faults * Next generation of HVAC equipment * HVAC technologies on SCE's TTC radar * Black boxes - do they all work? 3 SCE's Technology Test Centers * SCE applied research facilities located in Irwindale, CA comprised of 3 test beds: * Refrigeration * HVAC * Lighting * Coming Soon! - A new ZNE lab 4 Refrigeration Testing

14

HVAC Installed Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC Installed Performance HVAC Installed Performance ESI, Tim Hanes Context * The building envelope has historically been the focus in residential homes. * The largest consumer of energy in residential homes is typically the HVAC system. * Testing the performance of the HVAC system has not been pursued to its full potential. Technical Approach * Currently very little performance testing is being done to the HVAC system. * The only way to know if a HVAC system is operating correctly is to measure the Btu/h. * This should be done at the equipment and at the the system. Recommended Guidance * Training of HVAC technicians, installers, and salespeople is a must. * If only the technician is trained than implementing the change will not happen. * Public awareness of proper installation and its

15

Thermoelectric Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials can generate electricity or provide cooling by converting thermal gradients to electricity or electricity to thermal gradients. More efficient thermoelectric materials would make feasible the widespread use of thermoelectric converters in mundane applications. This report summarizes the state-of-the-art of thermoelectric materials including currently available materials and applications, new developments, and future prospects.

2000-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

16

Thermoelectric converter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates in general to thermoelectric units and more particularly to a tubular thermoelectric unit which includes an array of tandemly arranged radially tapered annular thermoelectric pellets having insulation material of a lower density than the thermoelectric pellets positioned between each pellet. (Official Gazette)

Kim, C.K.

1974-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

17

Optimization Control Strategies for HVAC Terminal Boxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The HVAC terminal boxes are one of the major building HVAC components. They directly impact the building room comfort conditions and the energy costs. How to operate the box in a highly energy efficient way and maintain the room comfort level is an important topic in today's building energy management and HVAC control field. The authors developed novel optimized control strategies and operation schedules for the terminal boxes for both occupied and non-occupied hours. The optimized control schedules were implemented in a medical complex during the commissioning. This not only improved the building comfort conditions but also reduced the energy costs.

Zhu, Y.; Batten, T.; Noboa, H.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Liu, M.; Zhou, J.; Cameron, C.; Keeble, D.; Hirchak, R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

HVAC Fans and Dampers Maintenance Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems serve an important function in nuclear power plants because these systems are responsible for maintaining many environmental conditions throughout the facility. Failure of these components can induce undesirable radiological conditions and stressful working conditions, and can compromise the life of qualified equipment. Some HVAC fan and damper failures are preventable by monitoring operating parameters and performing recommended maintenance activ...

1999-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

19

Multiple sensors with single HVAC system control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sensor; HVAC; control system; optimization; multi channeloptimization method is designed to be independent of the HVAC

Lin, Craig; Federspiel, Clifford; Auslander, David

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Issue #7: What are the Best HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: What are the Best HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High Performance Homes? Issue 7: What are the Best HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High Performance Homes? What components and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: HVAC 1 Toolkit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC 1 Toolkit HVAC 1 Toolkit HVAC 1 Toolkit logo. The Toolkit for Primary HVAC System Energy Calculations is a collection of thirty-eight separate subroutines and corresponding documentation that describes algorithms for predicting the performance of HVAC components. The Toolkit documentation includes thorough descriptions of the component models and solution algorithms, detailed information on the structure of the individual FORTRAN 77 routines, as well as illustrative examples of system simulations with the Toolkit routines. The Toolkit serves two purposes: modules for large-scale simulation and stand-alone component performance prediction. The Toolkit components can also be used to calculate the energy performance of a component with a dedicated driver program to provide the necessary information flow to the Toolkit routines.

22

Thermoelectric I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Many unconventional electronic structures that increase effective mass are being studied or proposed for high efficiency thermoelectric ...

23

System Optimization - The Global Approach to HVAC Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System Optimization is a new approach to HVAC control as implemented by Energy Management Control Systems. System Optimization is defined as electronic building control strategies which treat a building's HVAC components as a complete energy-efficient and coordinated system. Trends in the development of HVAC control strategies are briefly discussed. An example which differentiates between conventional and System Optimization approaches is used to illustrate this new approach. The example discusses aspects of cooling season operation for a typical HVAC system. The paper concludes with four basic principles of System Optimization which are essential for effective control of a building environment.

Thielman, D. E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Building Survey Information Database of Buildings over 100 Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project, one of six research elements in the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

25

BFRL: HVAC&R - Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HVAC&R Equipment Performance Group. Publications. Repeatability of Energy Consumption Test Results for Compact Refrigerators ...

26

HVAC Maintenance and Technologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC Maintenance and Technologies HVAC Maintenance and Technologies Presentation covers the HVAC maintenance and technologies, and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility...

27

Wireless Demand Response Controls for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response Controls for HVAC Systems Clifford Federspiel,tests. Figure 5: Specific HVAC electric power consumptioncontrol, demand response, HVAC, wireless Executive Summary

Federspiel, Clifford

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

MAPPING HVAC SYSTEMS FOR SIMULATION IN ENERGYPLUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-XXXXX MAPPING HVAC SYSTEMS FOR SIMULATION IN ENERGYPLUSof California. MAPPING HVAC SYSTEMS FOR SIMULATION INpresent a conventional view of HVAC systems to the user, and

Basarkar, Mangesh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Measuring Advances in HVAC Distribution System Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gabel and Andresen, HVAC Secondary Toolkil. Atlanta: ASHRAE,P_02 Measuring Advances in HVAC Distribution System Designdesign and operation of the HVAC thermal distribution system

Franconi, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

HVAC Installed Performance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 25, 2012, and addressed the question HVAC proper installation energy savings: over-promising or under-delivering?"

31

A Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for HVAC Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for HVAC Systems A Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for HVAC Systems Speaker(s): Peng Xu Date: December 2, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 There is a growing consensus that most buildings do not perform as well as intended and that faults in HVAC systems are widespread in commercial buildings. An automated fault detection and diagnosis tool for HVAC systems is being developed, based on an integrated, life-cycle, approach to commissioning and performance monitoring. The tool uses component-level HVAC equipment models implemented in the SPARK equation-based simulation environment. The models are configured using design information and component manufacturers' data and then fine-tuned to match the actual performance of the equipment by using data measured during functional tests

32

Thermoelectric I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... Breaking the Thermal Conductivity Glass Limit: Qiang Li1; 1Brookhaven National Laboratory In the development of thermoelectric materials, ...

33

Thermoelectric III  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Thermoelectric materials in energy conversion are more and more ... The main scheme is to enhance the ZT in these materials systems by ...

34

Thermoelectric Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A novel thermoelectric OTEC concept is proposed and compared with the ammonia closed-cycle designs. The thermoelectric OTEC is a much simpler system which uses no working fluid and therefore requires no pressure vessel, working fluid pumps, or turbogenerator. These components are replaced by power modules which are heat exchangers integrated with thermoelectric generators. The thermoelectric OTEC offers several potential advantages including: simpler and more easily mass-produced components; higher reliability system performance through the use of a high level of redundancy and long-lived, solid-state thermoelectric generators; greater safety for crew and environment by elimination of the pressurized working fluid; and the possibility of lower system costs. These comparisons are discussed and plans for future work are presented.

Jayadev, T.S.; Benson, D.K.; Bohn, M.S.

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

HVAC | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HVAC HVAC Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

36

BFRL: HVAC&R - Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HVAC&R Equipment Performance Group. Publications. Fundamental Aspects of the Application of Carbon Dioxide in Comfort Cooling. ...

37

VENTILATION (HVAC) FAILURE (BUILDING WIDE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VENTILATION (HVAC) FAILURE (BUILDING WIDE) A failure or shutdown of the ventilation system will be signaled by cessation of the audible background "rumbling" sound of the building's HVAC system. As building durations. NOTE: Due to unpredictable pressure differentials in and around the labs during an HVAC failure

Strynadka, Natalie

38

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Holland, MI Distributed TE HVAC for Vehicle Applications Develop distributed thermoelectric HVAC components to supplement the central HVAC system in automotive applications and...

39

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Troy, MI Distributed TE HVAC for Vehicle Applications Develop distributed thermoelectric HVAC components to supplement the central HVAC system in automotive applications and...

40

Numerical Investigation of Flow Induced Noise in a Simplified HVAC Duct with OpenFOAM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Due to the growing demand for comfort, the noise generated by HVAC components should be considered by the designers. Flow induced noise is one… (more)

Wang, Cong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Thermoelectric system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In one particular embodiment, an internal combustion engine is provided. The engine comprises a block, a head, a piston, a combustion chamber defined by the block, the piston, and the head, and at least one thermoelectric device positioned between the combustion chamber and the head. In this particular embodiment, the thermoelectric device is in direct contact with the combustion chamber. In another particular embodiment, a cylinder head configured to sit atop a cylinder bank of an internal combustion engine is provided. The cylinder head comprises a cooling channel configured to receive cooling fluid, valve seats configured for receiving intake and exhaust valves, and thermoelectric devices positioned around the valve seats.

Reiners, Eric A. (Washington, IL); Taher, Mahmoud A. (Peoria, IL); Fei, Dong (Peoria, IL); McGilvray, Andrew N. (East Peoria, IL)

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

42

Definition: HVAC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HVAC HVAC Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png HVAC An abbreviation for the heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning system; the system or systems that condition air in a building.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition HVAC is the technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort. HVAC system design is a subdiscipline of mechanical engineering, based on the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. Refrigeration is sometimes added to the field's abbreviation as HVAC&R or HVACR, or ventilating is dropped as in HACR (such as the designation of HACR-rated circuit breakers). HVAC is important in the design of medium to large industrial and office buildings such as skyscrapers and in marine environments such as aquariums, where safe and

43

Self-Correcting HVAC Controls Project Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This document represents the final project report for the Self-Correcting Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Controls Project jointly funded by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Technologies Program (BTP). The project, initiated in October 2008, focused on exploratory initial development of self-correcting controls for selected HVAC components in air handlers. This report, along with the companion report documenting the algorithms developed, Self-Correcting HVAC Controls: Algorithms for Sensors and Dampers in Air-Handling Units (Fernandez et al. 2009), document the work performed and results of this project.

Fernandez, Nicholas; Brambley, Michael R.; Katipamula, Srinivas; Cho, Heejin; Goddard, James K.; Dinh, Liem H.

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

44

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2009 Thermoelectrics Applications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2009 Overview of Worldwide Activities in Thermoelectrics Thermoelectric Applications I Thermoelectric Materials I Thermoelectric Manufacturing Thursday, October 1, 2009...

45

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Energy Impact Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Energy Impact Report Statewide Energy Impact Report are part of the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

46

HVAC Sensors, Controls, and Human Feedback Interfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Sensors, HVAC Sensors, Controls, and Human Controls, and Human Feedback Interfaces Feedback Interfaces April 26, 2010 Dr. Amr Gado Emerson Climate Technologies Heating And...

47

Building Technologies Office: Transitioning Traditional HVAC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Traditional HVAC Contractors to Whole House Performance Expert Meeting Building America hosted the "Transitioning Traditional HVAC Contractors to Whole House Performance...

48

Building Technologies Office: Transitioning Traditional HVAC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transitioning Traditional HVAC Contractors to Whole House Performance Expert Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Transitioning Traditional HVAC...

49

Measuring Outdoor Airflow into HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEASURING OUTDOOR AIRFLOW INTO HVAC SYSTEMS W i l l i a m J.minimum OA flow rate if HVAC system has an economizer

Fisk, William J.; Faulkner, David; Sullivan, Douglas P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: HVAC Solution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

design and specify HVAC equipment. Pick familiar objects like boilers, pumps, fan coils and air handlers and using drag and drop methods, connect them to form a HVAC...

51

The Optimization of Control Parameters for VAV HVAC System Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the technical subjects in commissioning for HVAC system is to enhance control performance and time efficiency, while the tuning of the optimal parameters to control HVAC system takes much time and labor in particular. Therefore, we propose a kind of commissioning technique as follows. We identified the dynamic characteristics of components of an actual VAV HVAC system such as rooms, VAV dampers, two way valves and chilled water coils, and verified the behaviors of the models and choose the optimal control parameters on a personal computer. Then adopting them for the actual system, we verified the control performance. Through the procedure, we showed the possibility of off-site and off-line control parameter tuning to reduce the cost and time at on-site and in on-line using the measured data in a real HVAC system.

Song, S.; Maehara, K.; Sagara, N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses HVAC Improvements for Existing Houses Speaker(s): Chryséis Bovagnet Date: September 5, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Many older houses in the US are either not well designed from a thermal point of view or have HVAC (Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning) systems in need of repairs or improvements. The building envelopes tend to have poor insulation and lots of leakage, and the HVAC systems are inefficient. The cooling/heating equipment is often located outside of the conditioned space (e.g. in attics or crawlspaces) with ducts that leak and have poor insulation, which cause energy loss and bad occupant comfort on peak days or in extreme climates. We developed a series of retrofits that will allow us to reduce the energy consumption of residential HVAC

53

SunShot Initiative: Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Concentrated Solar Thermoelectric Power on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act Baseload CSP SunShot Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative CSP Heat Integration for Baseload Renewable Energy Deployment

54

Porous insulation in HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous insulation used to line the air stream surfaces of HVAC equipment provides a locus for the accumulation of dirt and debris. Dirt and debris are hydrophilic and the insulation on the air stream surfaces of mechanical cooling systems thus provides a niche for mold growth. The mold growing on porous insulation unlike moldy debris on a hard surface such as sheetmetal cannot be removed by duct cleaning. Actions for proactively preventing biocontamination of HVAC insulation include the following. (1) Porous insulation shall not be used to line the air stream surfaces of HVAC plenums where wetting is likely such as in the vicinity of cooling coils

Philip R. Morey

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric generator having a rigid coupling or stack'' between the heat source and the hot strap joining the thermoelements is described. The stack includes a member of an insulating material, such as ceramic, for electrically isolating the thermoelements from the heat source, and a pair of members of a ductile material, such as gold, one each on each side of the insulating member, to absorb thermal differential expansion stresses in the stack. (Official Gazette)

Pryslak, N.E.

1974-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

56

thermoelectric materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been proven that the maximum cooling temperature of a thermoelectric material can be increased by using either pulsed operation or graded Seebeck profiles. In this paper, we show that the maximum cooling temperature can be further increased by the pulsed operation of optimal inhomogeneous thermoelectric materials. A random sampling method is used to obtain the optimal electrical conductivity profile of inhomogeneous materials, which can achieve a much higher cooling temperature than the best uniform materials under the steady-state condition. Numerical simulations of pulsed operation are then carried out in the time domain. In the limit of low thermoelectric figure-of-merit ZT, the finite-difference time-domain simulations are verified by an analytical solution for homogeneous material. This numerical method is applied to high ZT BiTe materials and simulations show that the effective figure-of-merit can be improved by 153 % when both optimal graded electrical conductivity profiles and pulsed operation are used. 1.

Q Zhou; Z Bian; A Shakouri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Classroom HVAC: Improving ventilation and saving energy -- field study plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in this study. Classroom HVAC: Improving Ventilation andV8doc.sas.com/sashtml. Classroom HVAC: Improving VentilationBerkeley, CA 94720. Classroom HVAC: Improving Ventilation

Apte, Michael G.; Faulkner, David; Hodgson, Alfred T.; Sullivan, Douglas P.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Inverted Attic Bulkhead for HVAC Ductwork | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inverted Attic Bulkhead for HVAC Ductwork Inverted Attic Bulkhead for HVAC Ductwork Inverted Attic Bulkhead for HVAC Ductwork, Roseville, California (Fact Sheet), Building America...

59

Co-simulation of innovative integrated HVAC systems in buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Simulation for HVAC Per- formance Prediction:air-conditioning equipment models (HVAC BESTEST), volume 1:air-conditioning equipment models (HVAC BESTEST), volume 2:

Trcka, Marija

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

MODELING AND SIMULATION OF HVAC FAULTS IN ENERGYPLUS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methodology for Secondary HVAC Systems, Doctoral Thesis,2002, Particulate Fouling of HVAC Heat Exchangers, Doctoraland diagnosis strategy for HVAC systems involving sensor

Basarkar, Mangesh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Modeling and Measurement Constraints in Fault Diagnostics for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Fault Diagnostics for HVAC Systems Massieh Najafi 1 ,tools for determining HVAC diagnostics, methods todetect faults in HVAC systems are still generally

Najafi, Massieh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Building HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wright, “Condition monitoring in HVAC subsystems using firstmonitoring packaged HVAC equipment. ASHRAE Transactions”,Detection and Diagnosis of HVAC Systems Using Support Vector

Najafi, Massieh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Self-composite comprised of nanocrystalline diamond and a non-diamond component useful for thermoelectric applications  

SciTech Connect

One provides nanocrystalline diamond material that comprises a plurality of substantially ordered diamond crystallites that are sized no larger than about 10 nanometers. One then disposes a non-diamond component within the nanocrystalline diamond material. By one approach this non-diamond component comprises an electrical conductor that is formed at the grain boundaries that separate the diamond crystallites from one another. The resultant nanowire is then able to exhibit a desired increase with respect to its ability to conduct electricity while also preserving the thermal conductivity behavior of the nanocrystalline diamond material.

Gruen, Dieter M. (Downers Grove, IL)

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

64

Self-composite comprised of nanocrystalline diamond and a non-diamond component useful for thermoelectric applications  

SciTech Connect

One provides nanocrystalline diamond material that comprises a plurality of substantially ordered diamond crystallites that are sized no larger than about 10 nanometers. One then disposes a non-diamond component within the nanocrystalline diamond material. By one approach this non-diamond component comprises an electrical conductor that is formed at the grain boundaries that separate the diamond crystallites from one another. The resultant nanowire is then able to exhibit a desired increase with respect to its ability to conduct electricity while also preserving the thermal conductivity behavior of the nanocrystalline diamond material.

Gruen, Dieter M.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

65

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : HVAC Residential Load...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Residential Load Calcs HD for the iPad Back to Tool HVAC Residential Load Calcs HD screenshot HVAC Residential Load Calcs HD screenshot HVAC Residential Load Calcs HD...

66

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives Eligibility Commercial Industrial...

67

Building HVAC Requirements Overview Page 4-1 4 Building HVAC Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building HVAC Requirements ­ Overview Page 4-1 4 Building HVAC Requirements 4.1 Overview 4 conditioning (HVAC) systems. The requirements are presented in this chapter so that it may serve as a single. 2008 Residential Compliance Manual August 2009 #12;Page 4-2 Building HVAC Requirements ­ Overview 4

68

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2nd Thermoelectrics Applications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4, 2011 Overview of Worldwide Activities in Thermoelectrics Thermoelectric Applications I Thermoelectric Materials I NSFDOE Thermoelectrics Partnership Wednesday, January 5, 2012...

69

Bio-inspired methods for fast and robust arrangement of thermoelectric modulus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to evaluate the ability of some well-known bio-inspired metaheuristics for optimal arrangement of thermoelectric cells mounted in a thermal component. In real life applications, proper arrangement of thermoelectric modules plays a pivotal ...

Ahmad Mozaffari; Ali M. Goudarzi; Alireza Fathi; Pendar Samadian

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Development Practice in HVAC Controls  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development Practice in HVAC Controls Development Practice in HVAC Controls Speaker(s): John Zhou Date: April 11, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Philip Haves The presentation will introduce development tools and design considerations used in HVAC controls development. Controls development use simulation, lab testing and field trial at different phases of the project cycle to improve control performance and to achieve rapid development. Development starts with simulation to originate and define algorithm concept. The concept is then implemented in a prototype controller, and tested in lab environment. The concept is refined and verified by analyzing lab results. In the final phase of development, controllers with refined and verified algorithms are installed in field trial sites to ensure system integration and to confirm

71

Grundfos HVAC OEM Efficient water hydraulics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grundfos HVAC OEM Efficient water hydraulics for Heat Pumps Anders Mønsted GRUNDFOS Holding A/S Group Technical Key Account Manager HVAC OEM Project Management http://net.grundfos.com/doc/webnet/hv acoem/index.htmlOEM online #12;Introduction Grundfos Company Grundfos HVAC OEM Current Circulator Range

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

72

Energirigtige pumpekoblinger i HVAC-systemer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energirigtige pumpekoblinger i HVAC-systemer PSO 2003 - FORSKNING & UDVIKLING I EFFEKTIV energieffektive HVAC-aggregater #12;InformationomProjektnr.:335-021 PROCESSEN: Projektet er gennemført af en reguleringsprincipper, mens Exhausto har leveret HVAC-aggregat og knowhow inden for klimasystemer. Grundfos

73

MODELING PARTICLE DEPOSITION ON HVAC HEAT EXCHANGERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-49339 MODELING PARTICLE DEPOSITION ON HVAC HEAT EXCHANGERS J.A. Siegel1,3 * and W.W. Nazaroff2 Department of Energy under contract DE-AC03-76SF00098. #12;MODELING PARTICLE DEPOSITION ON HVAC HEAT, such as discontinuities in the fins, are hypothesized to be responsible for the discrepancy. INDEX TERMS HVAC, Fouling

74

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Small HVAC Database Of Monitored  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Small HVAC Database Of Monitored Information Database of Compiled of the Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports are a result of funding: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

75

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Small HVAC System Design Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Small HVAC System Design Guide DESIGNGUIDELINES October 2003 500;#12;Small HVAC System Design Guide Acknowledgements i Acknowledgements The products and outcomes presented; Darren Goody, PECI, Design Guide review. #12;Small HVAC System Design Guide Preface ii Preface The Small

76

SIMULATION OF RESIDENTIAL HVAC SYSTEM PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 LBNL-47622 SIMULATION OF RESIDENTIAL HVAC SYSTEM PERFORMANCE Walker, I., Siegel, J ..................................................... 9 #12;3 ABSTRACT In many parts of North America residential HVAC systems are installed outside of the simulations is that they are dynamic - which accounts for cyclic losses from the HVAC system and the effect

77

PROJECT REPORT HVAC EQUIPMENT DEMOGRAPHICS AND CAPACITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROJECT REPORT HVAC EQUIPMENT DEMOGRAPHICS AND CAPACITY ANALYSIS TOOLS APPLICABLE TO MULTI Commercial HVAC Design Process 12 5.0 Conclusion 18 6.0 References 19 TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTIONS #12;MULTI performance by collectively improving the enve- lope, lighting and HVAC systems. The primary goals of the UC

California at Davis, University of

78

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Small HVAC Problems and Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Small HVAC Problems and Potential Savings Reports Summary of Problems of the Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports are a result of funding: Productivity and Interior Environments Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design

79

Nanocomposites as thermoelectric materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials have attractive applications in electric power generation and solid-state cooling. The performance of a thermoelectric device depends on the dimensionless figure of merit (ZT) of the material, ...

Hao, Qing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Vegas PMCPVT FY10-FY13 100109 - 073113 Carl Maronde Las Vegas, NV Distributed TE HVAC for Vehicle Applications Develop distributed thermoelectric HVAC components to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PMCPVT FY10-FY13 100109 - 073113 Carl Maronde Berkeley, CA Distributed TE HVAC for Vehicle Applications Develop distributed thermoelectric HVAC components to...

82

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PMCPVT FY10-FY13 100109 - 073113 Carl Maronde Warren, MI Distributed TE HVAC for Vehicle Applications Develop distributed thermoelectric HVAC components to supplement the...

83

Software tools for HVAC research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy saving methods can be employed to reduce energy consumption in buildings, or improve indoor thermal conditions. An example of those methods is the use of permeable coverings, but there are other important parameters like thermal inertia. To understand ... Keywords: Building, Computer, Design, Energy saving, HVAC, Software tools

José A. Orosa; Armando C. Oliveira

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Distributed Control of HVAC&R Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) systems are a major component of worldwide energy consumption, and frequently consist of complex networks of interconnected components. The ubiquitous nature of these systems suggests that improvements in their energy efficiency characteristics can have significant impact on global energy consumption. The complexity of the systems, however, means that decentralized control schemes will not always suffice to balance competing goals of energy efficiency and occupant comfort and safety. This dissertation proposes control solutions for three facets of this problem. The first is a cascaded control architecture for actuators, such as electronic expansion valves, that provides excellent disturbance rejection and setpoint tracking characteristics, as well as partial nonlinearity compensation without a compensation model. The second solution is a hierarchical control architecture for multiple-evaporator vapor compression systems that uses model predictive control (MPC) at both the supervisory and component levels. The controllers leverage the characteristics of MPC to balance energy efficiency with occupant comfort. Since the local controllers are decentralized, the architecture retains a degree of modularity—changing one component does not require changing all controllers. The final contribution is a new distributed optimization algorithm that is rooted in distributed MPC and is especially motivated by HVAC&R systems. This algorithm allows local level optimizers to iterate to a centralized solution. The optimizers have no knowledge of any plant other than the plant they are associated with, and only need to communicate with their immediate neighbors. The efficacy of the algorithm is displayed with two sets of examples. One example is simulation based, wherein a building is modeled in the EnergyPlus software suite. The other is an experimental example. In this example, the algorithm is applied to a multiple evaporator vapor compression system. In both cases the design method is discussed, and the ability of the algorithm to reduce energy consumption when properly applied is demonstrated.

Elliott, Matthew Stuart

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE, PRESCRIPTIVE HVAC ALTERATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE, PRESCRIPTIVE HVAC ALTERATIONS CEC-MECH-1C-ALT-HVAC (Revised 07/10) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE MECH-1C-ALT-HVAC Prescriptive HVAC Steps" column below. Note: After installation of HVAC units and/or ducts, the Installation

86

Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency Speaker(s): Anil Aswani Date: September 21, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Wetter This talk describes the use of empirical methodologies that we have developed for the purpose of improving heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) efficiency through better control algorithms and configuration. We show that semiparametric regression can both identify simplified models of thermal HVAC dynamics while also estimating time-varying heating loads using only real-time temperature measurements from thermostats. These models can be used with our learning-based model predictive control (LBMPC) method in order to improve the energy-efficiency of HVAC. Experiments on testbeds with different types of HVAC show the

87

HVAC Technician | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Technician HVAC Technician Department: Facilities Supervisor(s): Tom Ward Staff: L&S 07 Requisition Number: 1300884 Under the supervision of the General Lead Technician and Lead HVAC Technician, the incumbent will be responsible for the installation, preventative maintenance, troubleshooting and repair of various HVAC and refrigeration equipment; local HVAC control systems and ancillary support equipment; and will work with other groups within the Division and throughout the Laboratory to ensure long-term, safe and efficient operation of HVAC and refrigeration systems. All tasks must be completed in a timely, cost efficient manner, support on-going sustainability initiatives and energy efficiency programs at the Laboratory. The incumbent is expected to utilize thorough theoretical knowledge and techniques to accomplish

88

Wireless Temperature Sensors for Improved HVAC Control  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reliable, and affordable and affordable Wireless Temperature Sensors for Improved HVAC Control An assessment of wireless sensor technology Executive Summary This Technology...

89

Modeling and Identification for HVAC Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems consist of all the equipment that control the conditions and distribution of indoor air. Indoor air must be… (more)

Scotton, Francesco

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Columbia Water & Light- Residential HVAC Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Columbia Water & Light (CWL) provides an HVAC incentive for residential customers that are replacing an older heating and cooling system. Customers should submit the mechanical permit from a...

91

Particulate Fouling of HVAC Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Alexander Siegel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particulate Fouling of HVAC Heat Exchangers by Jeffrey Alexander Siegel B.S. (Swarthmore College.......................................................................................xv CHAPTER 1: PARTICULATE FOULING OF HVAC HEAT EXCHANGERS ....1 1.1 Introduction.......................................................................11 CHAPTER 2: MODELING PARTICLE DEPOSITION ON HVAC HEAT EXCHANGERS

Siegel, Jeffrey

92

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: HVAC Residential Load...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Residential Load Calcs HD for the iPad Carmel Software logo HVAC Residential Load Calcs HD is a comprehensive HVAC heating and cooling load calculation application for the...

93

Compression effects on pressure loss in flexible HVAC ducts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Determine Flow Resistance of HVAC Air Ducts and Fittings.Pressure Loss in Flexible HVAC Ducts Bass Abushakra, Ph.D.to Determine Flow Resistance of HVAC Air Ducts and Fittings.

Abushakra, Bass; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Fouling of HVAC fin and tube heat exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

air ? air ? part ? part FPI HVAC REFERENCES Anonymous, 1987,LBNL-47668 Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat ExchangersCIEE SPONSOR. FOULING OF HVAC FIN AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS

Siegel, Jeffrey; Carey, Van P.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Measuring rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems Title Measuring rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-51583 Year...

96

Report on HVAC Option Selections for a Relocatable Classroom...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Report on HVAC Option Selections for a Relocatable Classroom Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Field Study Title Report on HVAC Option Selections for a Relocatable Classroom...

97

HVAC Water Heater Field Tests Research Project | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC Water Heater Field Tests Research Project HVAC Water Heater Field Tests Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into heating,...

98

Modeling and Simulation of HVAC Faulty Operations and Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling and Simulation of HVAC Faulty Operations and Performance Degradation due to Maintenance Issues Title Modeling and Simulation of HVAC Faulty Operations and Performance...

99

HVAC system study: a data-driven approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The energy consumed by heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems has increased in the past two decades. Thus, improving efficiency of HVAC systems… (more)

Xu, Guanglin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Improving Relocatable Classroom HVAC For Improved IEQ And Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving Relocatable Classroom HVAC For Improved IEQ And Energy Efficiency Title Improving Relocatable Classroom HVAC For Improved IEQ And Energy Efficiency Publication Type...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

DOE Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products DOE Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products This document is the convening...

102

Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium commercial buildings in California Title Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and...

103

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives < Back...

104

System-Level Monitoring and Diagnosis of Building HVAC System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) is an indoor environmental technology that is extensively instrumented for large-scale buildings. Among all subsystems of buildings, the HVAC… (more)

Wu, Siyu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building for Energy Efficiency Title Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building for Energy...

106

Chapter 5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing Chapter 5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing Chapter 5 of the LANL Sustainable Design Guide with guidelines for developing sustainable, healthy,...

107

Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: HVAC Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling Programs: HVAC Systems Title Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: HVAC Systems Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6432E Year of Publication 2013...

108

Modeling and simulation of HVAC faults in EnergyPlus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

simulation of HVAC faults in EnergyPlus Title Modeling and simulation of HVAC faults in EnergyPlus Publication Type Conference Paper Refereed Designation Refereed Year of...

109

New and Underutilized Technology: HVAC Occupancy Sensors | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC Occupancy Sensors New and Underutilized Technology: HVAC Occupancy Sensors October 4, 2013 - 4:20pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations...

110

Post-Retrocommissioning HVAC Operations Monitoring Using Enterprise-Wide energy Management System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 2004, the County of Los Angeles have retrocommissioned over 4 million square feet and additional RCx work is underway. The scope of the HVAC retrocommissioning (RCs) involved systematic investigation of mechanical, electrical and controls components/systems to diagnose and resolve root causes of operational deficiencies. During the implementation phase, new energy efficiency measures were installed, sequence of operations were optimized and functionally tested. System-level benchmark models for HVAC systems were developed based on optimized runs of eQUEST energy models and parametrically integrated into the County owned web-based Enterprise Energy Management Information Systems (EEMIS) with Itron/Silicon Energy EEM Suite backbone for the purpose of monitoring the operations of the HVAC systems. The paper and presentation describes the HVAC RCx process to optimize operations, cost and savings associated with this project and key operational changes to sustain optimized operations without sacrificing tenant comfort.

Amarnani, N.; Roberts, B.; Choy, H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Luminaire/plenum/HVAC simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a new apparatus designed to model the physical parameters that affect fluorescent lamp performance under realistic operating conditions. These parameters include fixture type, mounting configuration, HVAC integration, and room air temperature, which directly determine the minimum lamp wall temperature (MLWT) and, therefore, the resulting light output of the lamp/ballast system. This apparatus is used principally to measure MLWT under operating conditions, which enables us to identify the effects the major parameters have on lamp/ballast system performance. Initial parametric results illustrate the use of this apparatus to provide representative MLWTs for a range of application conditions.

Siminovitch, M.J.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Clark, T.A.; Verderber, R.R.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People Commercial Building HVAC: How it Affects People Speaker(s): William Fisk Date: November 13, 2000 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: David Faulkner Commercial building heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are designed primarily to maintain a reasonable level of thermal comfort while limiting first costs and energy consumption. However, research conducted predominately within the last decade suggests that commercial building HVAC significantly influences human outcomes other than thermal comfort, including the health, satisfaction, and work performance of the building's occupants. This presentation will review the relationships of these outcomes with HVAC system type, filtration system efficiency, indoor air temperature, and outside air ventilation rate.

113

Residential HVAC Indoor Air Quality(ASHRAE 62.2)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential HVAC && Indoor Air Quality(ASHRAE 62.2) Tav Commins #12;Contact Information · Energy construction, Additions /Alterations · Nonresidential and Residential #12;Residential HVAC && Indoor Air Quality(ASHRAE 62.2) ·HVAC EfficiencyHVAC Efficiency ·Quality Installation (HERS Measures) S li b HERS R t

114

Cooling and Dehumidification HVAC Technology for 1990s  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Desiccant Cooling and Dehumidification HVAC Technology for 1990s HVAC: Heating, Ventilation Research Trusts SERI #12;Challenges Facing HVAC Industry in 1990's * Reduction of CFCs * Indoor air quality to solve the problems of the HVAC industry faced in1990's for space conditioning. SERI #12;l- = m mN a- mg

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

115

2013 Energy Code Changes That Effect the HVAC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2013 Energy Code Changes That Effect the HVAC Industry Tav Commins Mechanical Engineer California Energy Commission #12;HVAC Mandatory Measures For All Newly Installed Residential HVAC Systems (New Watt Draw at .58 W/CFM, or (return duct and filter sizing) MERV 6 Filter #12;Residential HVAC Measures

California at Davis, University of

116

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Field and Baseline Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Field and Baseline Data Field Data Collection: Site Survey of the Integrated Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems research project. The reports are a result of funding Design of Large Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated Design of Small Commercial HVAC Systems Integrated

117

Complex oxides useful for thermoelectric energy conversion  

SciTech Connect

The invention provides for a thermoelectric system comprising a substrate comprising a first complex oxide, wherein the substrate is optionally embedded with a second complex oxide. The thermoelectric system can be used for thermoelectric power generation or thermoelectric cooling.

Majumdar, Arunava (Orinda, CA); Ramesh, Ramamoorthy (Moraga, CA); Yu, Choongho (College Station, TX); Scullin, Matthew L. (Berkeley, CA); Huijben, Mark (Enschede, NL)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

118

Vehicle Technologies Office: 3rd Thermoelectrics Applications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermoelectric Materials Rama Venkatasubramanian RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC Thermoelectric Applications III Tom Avedisian, Cornell University, Chair High...

119

Salsbury and Diamond: Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning -1 -Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Diamond: Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning - 1 - Automated Testing of HVAC Systems This paper describes an approach to the automation of the commissioning of HVAC systems. The approach of many HVAC systems is limited more by poor installation, commissioning, and maintenance than by poor

120

Alloys and Compounds for Thermoelectric and Solar Cell Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alloys and Compounds for Thermoelectric and Solar Cell Applications II: Alloys and Compounds for Thermoelectric and Solar Cell Applications: Thermoelectric ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resource/24/ ASHRAE handbook – HVAC systems and equipments.Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable-Speed-Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Water Systems: Variable-

Xu, Tengfang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Laboratory measurement of secondary pollutant yields from ozone reaction with HVAC filters.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Hugo Destaillats,from Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Hugo Destaillatsfrom Ozone Reaction with HVAC Filters Hugo Destaillats

Destaillats, Hugo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Case study field evaluation of a systems approach to retrofitting a residential HVAC system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Practices for Residential HVAC Systems”. Boston, MA. Jump,techniques for measuring HVAC grille air flows". ASHRAEPractices Guide for Residential HVAC Retrofits. LBNL 53592.

Walker, Iain S.; McWiliams, Jennifer A.; Konopacki, Steven J.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Home Energy Article: A Systems Approach to Retrofitting Residential HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Retrofitting a Residential HVAC System, Lawrence Berkeleyducts. New downsized ducts and HVAC equipment. The ducts areto Retrofitting Residential HVAC Systems J.A. McWilliams and

McWilliams, Jennifer A.; Walker, Iain S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Model Predictive Control of HVAC Systems: Implementation and Testing at the University of California, Merced  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model Predictive Control of HVAC Systems:    Implementation and  air  conditioning  (HVAC)  account  for  27%  of  the reduction potential of HVAC systems with  active thermal 

Haves, Phillip

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

An implementation of co-simulation for performance prediction of innovative integrated HVAC systems in buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Judkoff, R. 2002. IEA HVAC BESTEST volume 1, Technicaland Judkoff, R. 2004. IEA HVAC BESTEST volume 2, TechnicalOF INNOVATIVE INTEGRATED HVAC SYSTEMS IN BUILDINGS Marija

Trcka, Marija

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Comparisons of HVAC Simulations between EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 for Data Centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABORATORY Comparisons of HVAC Simulations between EnergyPlusemployer. Comparisons of HVAC Simulations between EnergyPlusThis paper compares HVAC simulations between EnergyPlus and

Hong, Tianzhen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Improving Indoor Environmental Quality And Energy Performance Of Modular Classroom HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schools (CHPS). 2002. "HVAC Best Practices Manual." CHPSOF MODULAR CLASSROOM HVAC SYSTEMS Michael G. APTE Ph.D. MPHRelocatable Classroom HVAC for Improved IEQ and Energy

Apte, Michael G.; Spears, Michael; Lai, Chi-Ming; Shendell, Derek G.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Investigation of IAQ-Relevant Surface Chemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VOCs emitted by reactions of HVAC filters with ozone usingChemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials HugoChemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials Authors:

Destaillats, Hugo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

HVAC Modeling for Cost of Ownership Assessment in Biotechnology & Drugs Manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000 Broomes, Peter. , “HVAC Modeling for Cost of Ownership2000 Broomes, Peter. , “HVAC Results Comparison”, April,HVAC Modeling for Cost of Ownership Assessment in

Broomes, Peter; Dornfeld, David A

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

HVAC Equipment Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC Equipment Rebate Program HVAC Equipment Rebate Program HVAC Equipment Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Heat Pumps Maximum Rebate Rebates of greater than $5,000 require pre-approval Program Info Funding Source Efficiency Vermont Public Benefit Fund Expiration Date 06/30/2013 State Vermont Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies depending on technology and efficiency Provider Efficiency Vermont NOTE: Rebate reservations are required for all boiler and furnace projects. Efficiency Vermont offers rebates for commercial installations of high-efficiency HVAC equipment and controls. For businesses and purchases

132

BS-8: HVAC Modeling and Simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BS-8: HVAC Modeling and Simulation BS-8: HVAC Modeling and Simulation Speaker(s): Darko Sucic Date: December 5, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Satkartar K. Kinney Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), an object data model of buildings, are being developed by the International Alliance for Interoperability (IAI) to support data sharing and exchange in the building and construction industry. The IAI, founded in 1995, has published four releases of IFC so far. Several prototype implementations by leading software companies show that commercial IFC software is beginning to meet end user expectations of interoperability in the industry. BS-8 is an LBNL project that started last summer. It is developing the IFC HVAC extension schemata that will extend the IFC object data model and support the exchange of HVAC information

133

HVAC Energy Recovery Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENRECO has prepared this paper on HVAC energy recovery to provide the engineer with an overview of the design engineering as well as the economic analysis considerations necessary to evaluate the potential benefits of energy recovery.

Kinnier, R. J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Wireless Demand Response Controls for HVAC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wireless Demand Response Controls for HVAC Speaker(s): Clifford Federspiel Date: June 22, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Richard Diamond Peng Xu We...

135

Modeling particle deposition on HVAC heat exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEPOSITION ON HVAC HEAT EXCHANGERS JA Siegel 1,3 * and WWof fin-and-tube heat exchangers by particle deposition leadsparticle deposition on heat exchanger surfaces. We present a

Siegel, J.A.; Nazaroff, W.W.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimized Heat Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research

137

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thermoelectricity is produced by applying a temperature differential to dissimilar electrically conducting or semiconducting materials, thereby producing a voltage that is proportional to the temperature difference. Thermoelectric generators use this effect to directly convert heat into electricity; however, presently-known generators have low efficiencies due to the production of high currents which in turn cause large resistive heating losses. Some thermoelectric generators operate at efficiencies between 4% and 7% in the 800{degrees} to 1200{degrees}C range. According to its major aspects and bradly stated, the present invention is an apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. In particular, the invention is a thermoelectric generator that juxtaposes a superconducting material and a semiconducting material - so that the superconducting and the semiconducting materials touch - to convert heat energy into electrical energy without resistive losses in the temperature range below the critical temperature of the superconducting material. Preferably, an array of superconducting material is encased in one of several possible configurations within a second material having a high thermal conductivity, preferably a semiconductor, to form a thermoelectric generator.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

In-Line Thermoelectric Module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an-in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and both of these heat transfer directions maybe perpendicular to the direction-of current flow through the module.

Pento, Robert; Marks, James E.; Staffanson, Clifford D.

1998-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

139

In-line thermoelectric module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric module with a plurality of electricity generating units each having a first end and a second end, the units being arranged first end to second end along an in-line axis. Each unit includes first and second elements each made of a thermoelectric material, an electrically conductive hot member arranged to heat one side of the first element, and an electrically conductive cold member arranged to cool another side of the first element and to cool one side of the second element. The hot member, the first element, the cold member and the second element are supported in a fixture, are electrically connected respectively to provide an electricity generating unit, and are arranged respectively in positions along the in-line axis. The individual components of each generating unit and the respective generating units are clamped in their in-line positions by a loading bolt at one end of the fixture and a stop wall at the other end of the fixture. The hot members may have a T-shape and the cold members an hourglass shape to facilitate heat transfer. The direction of heat transfer through the hot members may be perpendicular to the direction of heat transfer through the cold members, and both of these heat transfer directions may be perpendicular to the direction of current flow through the module.

Pento, Robert (Algonquin, IL); Marks, James E. (Glenville, NY); Staffanson, Clifford D. (S. Glens Falls, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC and Water Heater HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: HVAC and Water Heater Field Tests Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HVAC Research Projects to someone by E-mail HVAC Research Projects to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Recovery Act-Funded HVAC Research Projects on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research

142

Mapping Hvac Systems for Simulation In EnergyPlus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping Hvac Systems for Simulation In EnergyPlus Title Mapping Hvac Systems for Simulation In EnergyPlus Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-5565E Year of...

143

Recovery Act-Funded HVAC projects | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC projects Recovery Act-Funded HVAC projects The U.S. Department of Energy was allocated funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to conduct research into...

144

Issue #3: HVAC Proper Installation Energy Savings: Over-Promising...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: HVAC Proper Installation Energy Savings: Over-Promising or Under-Delivering? Issue 3: HVAC Proper Installation Energy Savings: Over-Promising or Under-Delivering? What energy...

145

Modeling and simulation of HVAC Results in EnergyPlus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modeling and simulation of HVAC Results in EnergyPlus Title Modeling and simulation of HVAC Results in EnergyPlus Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-5564E...

146

Decentralized nonlinear adaptive control of an HVAC system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new decentralized nonlinear adaptive controller (DNAC) for a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) system capable of maintaining comfortable conditions under varying thermal loads. In this scheme, an HVAC system is considered ...

Zhang Huaguang; Lilong Cai

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Fouling of HVAC fin and tube heat exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methods to Maintain Heat Exchanger Coil Cleanliness, ASHRAEof HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and VanOF HVAC FIN AND TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS Jeffrey Siegel 1,2 and

Siegel, Jeffrey; Carey, Van P.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Synthetic thermoelectric materials comprising phononic crystals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Synthetic thermoelectric materials comprising phononic crystals can simultaneously have a large Seebeck coefficient, high electrical conductivity, and low thermal conductivity. Such synthetic thermoelectric materials can enable improved thermoelectric devices, such as thermoelectric generators and coolers, with improved performance. Such synthetic thermoelectric materials and devices can be fabricated using techniques that are compatible with standard microelectronics.

El-Kady, Ihab F; Olsson, Roy H; Hopkins, Patrick; Reinke, Charles; Kim, Bongsang

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

149

Chapter 5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

: Lighting, : Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing High-Performance Engineering Design Lighting System Design Mechanical System Design Central Plant Systems Plumbing and Water Use Building Control Systems Electrical Power Systems Metering LANL | Chapter 5 High-Performance Engineering Design Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing By now, the building envelope serves multiple roles. It protects the occupants from changing weather condi- tions and it plays a key part in meeting the occupants' comfort needs. The heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and lighting (HVAC&L) systems complement the archi- tectural design, govern the building's operation and maintenance costs, and shape the building's long-term environmental impact. The architectural design maximizes the potential for a high-performance building, but it is the

150

Simulation and Optimization of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We developed a mathematical model of a simple Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system and implemented the model using the VisSim simulation language. We used Fourier methods to approximate (and simplify) temperature and humidity data for the model. We created an objective function to be minimized which recorded the cost of running this HVAC system. We studied different methods for minimizing the cost function, including direct search methods using VisSim and completed preliminary studies of a Dynamic Programming programming approach to simplify the optimization problem. ii Contents 0 Executive Summary 1 1 Introduction 2 2 Evaluation of Simulation Packages 3 3 Simple Room Model for an HVAC System 5 3.1 Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.2 Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.3 Splitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.4 Mixer . . . ....

Ane Coughlin; George D. Ellington; Ellen Phifer; Brian Rieksts

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of Residential HVAC Systems ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. NISTIR 5559 Indoor Air Quality Impacts of Residential HVAC Systems Phase 11.AReport: Baseline and Preliminary Simulations ...

1997-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

152

HVAC Room Temperature Prediction Control Based on Neural Network Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HVAC (Heating Ventilating &Air-conditioning) system is a nonlinear complex system with delay. It is very difficult to build a mathematical model of HVAC and implement model-based control. Since a BP (Back Propagation) neural network can fully approximate ... Keywords: BP neural network, predictive control, HVAC, least squares method

Shujiang Li, Shuang Ren, Xiangdong Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Handover Performance of HVAC Duct Based Indoor Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Handover Performance of HVAC Duct Based Indoor Wireless Networks A. E. Xhafa, P. Sonthikorn, and O in indoor wireless net- works (IWN) that use heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) ducts.e., new call blocking and handover dropping probabilities, of an IWN that uses HVAC ducts are up to 6

Stancil, Daniel D.

154

Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-5940E Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building for Energy Efficiency thereof or The Regents of the University of California. #12;1 Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning@lbl.gov, Tel: 1-510-486-4921 Abstract The performance of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC

155

Utilizing Passive Ventilation to Complement HVAC Systems in Enclosed Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilizing Passive Ventilation to Complement HVAC Systems in Enclosed Buildings Tom Rogg REU Student to assist HVAC has the potential to significantly reduce life cycle cost and energy consumption and electrical system that will tie thermostats to controlled valves in the actual HVAC system. Based on results

Mountziaris, T. J.

156

Long Range Passive UHF RFID System Using HVAC Ducts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INVITED P A P E R Long Range Passive UHF RFID System Using HVAC Ducts To provide a potential communications channel, HVAC ducts can function as electromagnetic waveguides; a 30-m read range has been-conditioning (HVAC) ducts as a potential communication channel between passive ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) radio

Hochberg, Michael

157

Atmospheric Environment 41 (2007) 31513160 Ozone removal by HVAC filters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmospheric Environment 41 (2007) 3151­3160 Ozone removal by HVAC filters P. Zhao, J.A. Siegel�, R May 2006; accepted 14 June 2006 Abstract Residential and commercial HVAC filters that have been loaded of the relative importance of HVAC filters as a removal mechanism for ozone in residential and commercial

Siegel, Jeffrey

158

An update on acoustics designs for HVAC (Engineering) K. Marriott  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An update on acoustics designs for HVAC (Engineering) K. Marriott IOA, 29a Ashburton Road, Croydon and Air Conditioning (HVAC) engineer is to engineer ways for keeping these factors under control the HVAC engineer's environmental requirements while minimizing noise generated in the process considering

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

159

Deposition of Biological Aerosols on HVAC Heat Exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-47669 Deposition of Biological Aerosols on HVAC Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Iain Walker of Biological Aerosols on HVAC Heat Exchangers Jeffrey A. Siegel Iain S. Walker, Ph.D. ASHRAE Student Member that are found in commercial and residential HVAC systems of 1 - 6 m/s (200 - 1200 ft/min), particle diameters

160

MATERIALS AND INFORMATION FLOWS FOR HVAC DUCTWORK FABRICATION AND SITE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MATERIALS AND INFORMATION FLOWS FOR HVAC DUCTWORK FABRICATION AND SITE INSTALLATION Matt Holzemer,1, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems requires a set of complex activities and handoffs between multiple architecture-, engineering-, and construction practitioners. This paper highlights one part of the HVAC

Tommelein, Iris D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2012 HVAC Filter Sensor -Global  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2012 HVAC Filter Sensor - Global Overview The purpose of this project is to develop a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) monitoring a residential, forced flow, multi-zone HVAC filter needs to be replaced, and then alerts the users

Demirel, Melik C.

162

SMUD's HVAC Programs Ravi Patel-Program Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 SMUD's HVAC Programs 5-7-13 Ravi Patel- Program Planning Bruce Baccei- R&D #12;SMUD's Residential contractors trained and BPI certified ­ Majority were pushing only HVAC; now driving the HPP · Program encourages more HVAC replacements to occur through HPP ­ Move away from stand alone programs ­ Start

California at Davis, University of

163

Continued on next page A letter explaining the 2005 HVAC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continued on next page A letter explaining the 2005 HVAC Change-out to consumers is available this bulletin, or downloaded from the 2005 HVAC Change out Information website at: www.energy.ca.gov/title24 duct sealing requirements for HVAC change-outs in existing homes become effective October 1, 2005

164

Proceedings: Indoor Air 2005 OZONE REMOVAL BY RESIDENTIAL HVAC FILTERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings: Indoor Air 2005 2366 OZONE REMOVAL BY RESIDENTIAL HVAC FILTERS P Zhao1,2 , JA Siegel1, Austin, Texas 78758, USA ABSTRACT HVAC filters have a significant influence on indoor air quality% for Filter #2 at a face velocity of 0.81 cm/s. The potential for HVAC filters to affect ozone concentrations

Siegel, Jeffrey

165

Occupancy Based Demand Response HVAC Control Strategy Varick L. Erickson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

proposes an HVAC control strategy based on occupancy prediction and real time occupancy monitoring via simulation model. We dis- cuss the building parameters and the HVAC control strate- gies used for the energyOccupancy Based Demand Response HVAC Control Strategy Varick L. Erickson University of California

Cerpa, Alberto E.

166

A PDI for your HVAC System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8/3/2012 Technical Approach Develop a PDI for HVAC PDI focus is on Inspecting Installation - a $10 Chinese sweatshop t-shirt gets a QA/QC sticker, why not a $10k HVAC system? Develop & require diagnostics that confirm good installations: - Air flow, duct leakage, refrigerant charge, delivered temperatures, system pressures, filter requirements, fan power, noise - On board diagnostics (OBD) for flow, pressures, fan power, charge Make it a warranty requirement, code requirement, permit requirement, etc. Recommended Guidance Develop the PDI checklist and label (include target and system test results) - External Tests: duct leaks - Internal Tests: OBD for system pressures, air flow, charge, fan power - Labels: Certify tight equipment

167

Occupancy based demand response HVAC control strategy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating, cooling and ventilation accounts for 30% energy usage and for 50% of the electricity usage in the United States. Currently, most modern buildings still condition rooms assuming maximum occupancy rather than actual usage. As a result, rooms are ... Keywords: HVAC, demand response, energy savings, occupancy, ventilation

Varick L. Erickson; Alberto E. Cerpa

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Randomized Model Predictive Control for HVAC Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems play a fundamental role in maintaining acceptable thermal comfort and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) levels, essentials for occupants well-being. Since performing this task implies high energy requirements, ... Keywords: Copulas, Learning, Randomized Model Predictive Control, Smart Buildings, Sustainable Control Systems

Alessandra Parisio, Damiano Varagnolo, Daniel Risberg, Giorgio Pattarello, Marco Molinari, Karl H. Johansson

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Mechanical Properties of Thermoelectric Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Edgar Lara-Curzio, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Scope, Thermoelectric materials can directly convert waste heat into electricity without moving parts or fluids.

170

Mechanical Properties of Thermoelectric Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Room Temperature Mechanical Properties of Natural Mineral Based Thermoelectrics: Xiaofeng Fan1; Eldon Case1; Xu Lu1; Donald Morelli1; 1 Michigan State ...

171

Rare earth thermoelectrics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The author reviews the thermoelectric properties of metallic compounds which contain rare-earth atoms. They are the group of metals with the largest value ever reported of the Seebeck coefficient. An increase by 50% of the Seebeck would make these compounds useful for thermoelectric devices. The largest Seebeck coefficient is found for compounds of cerium (e.g., CePd{sub 3}) and ytterbium (e.g., YbAl{sub 3}). Theoretical predictions are in agreement with the maximum observed Seebeck. The author discusses the theoretical model which has been used to calculate the Seebeck coefficient. He is solving this model for other configurations (4f){sup n} of rare-earth ground states.

Mahan, G.D.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, John D. (Eaton' s Neck, NY); El-Genk, Mohamed S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat is disclosed. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device. 4 figs.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

174

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of an apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a higher thermal conductivity than that of the superconducting material. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials, establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

175

Superconducting thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for producing electricity from heat. The present invention is a thermoelectric generator that uses materials with substantially no electrical resistance, often called superconductors, to efficiently convert heat into electrical energy without resistive losses. Preferably, an array of superconducting elements is encased within a second material with a high thermal conductivity. The second material is preferably a semiconductor. Alternatively, the superconducting material can be doped on a base semiconducting material, or the superconducting material and the semiconducting material can exist as alternating, interleaved layers of waferlike materials. A temperature gradient imposed across the boundary of the two materials establishes an electrical potential related to the magnitude of the temperature gradient. The superconducting material carries the resulting electrical current at zero resistivity, thereby eliminating resistive losses. The elimination of resistive losses significantly increases the conversion efficiency of the thermoelectric device.

Metzger, J.D.; El-Genk, M.S.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Real-Time Measurement of Rates of Outdoor Airflow into HVAC Systems: A Field Study of Three Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to determine flow resistance of HVAC ducts and fittings.W. 2003. Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: an evaluation ofof outdoor airflow into HVAC systems. Lawrence Berkeley

Fisk, William J.; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Faulkner, David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Alloys and Compounds for Thermoelectric and Solar Cell Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alloys and Compounds for Thermoelectric and Solar Cell Applications II: Alloys and Compounds for Thermoelectric and Solar Cell Applications: Thermoelectric I

178

High performance thermoelectric nanocomposite device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric device includes a nanocomposite material with nanowires of at least one thermoelectric material having a predetermined figure of merit, the nanowires being formed in a porous substrate having a low thermal conductivity and having an average pore diameter ranging from about 4 nm to about 300 nm.

Yang, Jihui (Lakeshore, CA); Snyder, Dexter D. (Birmingham, MI)

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

179

HVAC Efficiency Controls Could Mean Significant Savings | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC Efficiency Controls Could Mean Significant Savings HVAC Efficiency Controls Could Mean Significant Savings HVAC Efficiency Controls Could Mean Significant Savings April 27, 2012 - 11:58am Addthis HVAC Efficiency Controls Could Mean Significant Savings April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Commercial building owners could save an average 38% on their heating & cooling bills just by installing a few new controls onto their HVAC systems. According to a new report from Pacific Northwest National Lab, commercial building owners could save an average 38 percent on their heating and cooling bills just by installing a few new controls onto their HVAC systems. These findings mean significant potential savings for building owners who use commercial rooftop systems - but there's just one problem: the

180

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan Speaker(s): Katsuhiro Miura Date: January 27, 2012 - 10:00am Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Wetter Buildings have a large thermal capacity and it affects much on building thermal load for the HVAC system. The thermal mass can be utilized also to control the thermal load by storing thermal energy before HVAC operation. There are two ways to store thermal energy. One is by operating the HVAC system and the other is by natural ventilation, mainly at night. The latter could be combined with daily HVAC operation as a hybrid ventilation. Thermal mass storage is useful to decrease the hourly peak load and the daily thermal load and can be used for both cooling and heating purpose.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radial Air Bearing Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchanger Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

182

A systems approach to retrofitting residential HVAC systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HVAC System. LBNL 53444. Wendt, R.L. , Ternes, M.P. , O’realized. Other guides (e.g. , Wendt et al. (1997)) are more

McWilliams, J.A.; Walker, I.S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Pedernales Electric Cooperative - HVAC Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pedernales Electric Cooperative - HVAC Rebate Program Pedernales Electric Cooperative - HVAC Rebate Program Pedernales Electric Cooperative - HVAC Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central AC with Gas Furnace: $300 - $400/unit Heat Pump: $400 - $500/unit Dual-Fuel Heat Pump: $400 - $500/unit Geothermal Heat Pump: $1,000/unit Water-Source Heat Pump: $1,000/unit Provider Pedernales Electric Cooperative Pedernales Electric Cooperative offers equipment rebates to members who install energy efficient HVAC equipment. Eligible equipment includes:

184

Columbia Water & Light- HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Columbia Water & Light (CWL) offers rebates to its commercial and industrial customers for the purchase of high efficiency HVAC installations and efficient lighting. Incentives for certain...

185

Algoritmi per la previsione del carico in applicazioni HVAC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Il lavoro si pone come obiettivo l’applicazione di metodi e algoritmi per la previsione del carico in sistemi HVAC (Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning). La… (more)

Simmini, Francesco

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Building HVAC Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Building HVAC systems account for more than 30% of annual energy consumption in United States. However, it has become apparent that only in a small… (more)

Najafi, Massieh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

New developments in noise control for HVAC systems.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The HVAC equipment industry is not known for rapid change. Although control systems have improved rapidly over the past few years

Timothy J. Foulkes

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The impact of filter loading on residential hvac performance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Buildings are the primary user of energy in the USA. Within homes, the heating, ventilation, and air condition (HVAC) system is the largest energy consumer.… (more)

Kruger, Abraham J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Deposition of biological aerosols on HVAC heat exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methods to Maintain Heat Exchanger Coil Cleanliness. ASHRAEEngineering Foundation on Heat Exchanger Fouling, UnitedAerosols on HVAC Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Iain

Siegel, Jeffrey; Walker, Iain

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Deposition of biological aerosols on HVAC heat exchangers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methods to Maintain Heat Exchanger Coil Cleanliness. ASHRAEEngineering Foundation on Heat Exchanger Fouling, Unitedof HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers, To be published in the

Siegel, Jeffrey; Walker, Iain

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

NREL Delivers In-Home HVAC Efficiency Testing Solutions (Fact...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Delivers In-Home HVAC Efficiency Testing Solutions Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have recently developed two simple in-home efficiency test methods...

192

Uncertainties in Achieving Energy Savings from HVAC Maintenance Measures in the Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uncertainties in Achieving Energy Savings from HVAC Maintenance Measures in the Field Kristin Group, Davis, CA, USA 4 Southern California Edison, Irwindale, CA, USA ABSTRACT HVAC maintenance utilities across the nation to include HVAC maintenance measures in energy efficiency programs

California at Davis, University of

193

Analysis of a hybrid UFAD and radiant hydronic slab HVAC system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air- Conditioning Engineers HVAC & R Research, vol. 50, Sep.and radiant hydronic slab HVAC system.   Paul RAFTERY a,* ,of a novel integrated HVAC system. This system combines an

Raftery, Paul; Lee, Kwang Ho; Webster, Thomas; Bauman, Fred

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Report on HVAC option selections for a relocatable classroom energy and indoor environmental quality field study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL- 49026 Report on HVAC Option Selections for aTable 3. High performance HVAC system filter selectionDrop ("H 2 O) Appendix A – RC HVAC working drawings. Figure

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Superlattices in thermoelectric applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electrical conductivity, thermopower and the electronic contribution to the thermal conductivity of a superlattice, are calculated with the electric field and the thermal gradient applied parallel to the interfaces. Tunneling between quantum wells is included. The broadening of the lowest subband when the period of the superlattice is decreased produces a reduction of the thermoelectric figure of merit. However, we found that a moderate increase of the figure of merit may be expected for intermediate values of the period, due to the enhancement of the density of states produced by the superlattice structure.

Sofo, J.O.; Mahan, G.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)]|[Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION OF AIRBORNE AND STRUCTURE-BORNE NOISE TRANSMISSION IN HVAC PLENUMS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research demonstrates the usage of numerical acoustics to model sound and vibrational energy propagation in HVAC ducts and plenums. Noise and vibration in HVAC… (more)

Ramalingam, Srinivasan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Thermoelectric generator for motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric generator for producing electric power for a motor vehicle from the heat of the exhaust gasses produced by the engine of the motor vehicle. The exhaust gasses pass through a finned heat transfer support structure which has seat positions on its outside surface for the positioning of thermoelectric modules. A good contact cylinder provides a framework from which a spring force can be applied to the thermoelectric modules to hold them in good contact on their seats on the surface of the heat transfer support structure.

Bass, John C. (6121 La Pintra Dr., La Jolla, CA 92037)

1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

198

Modeling the thermoelectric properties of bulk and nanocomposite thermoelectric materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials are materials which are capable of converting heat directly into electricity. They have long been used in specialized fields where high reliability is needed, such as space power generation. Recently, ...

Minnich, Austin (Austin Jerome)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Thermoelectric device characterization and solar thermoelectric system modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a trend of rising electricity costs and an emphasis on energy efficiency. Thermoelectric (TE) devices can be used either as heat pumps for localized environmental control or heat engines to ...

Muto, Andrew (Andrew Jerome)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Reliability and Functional Availability of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a model to calculate the reliability and availability of heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. The reliability is expressed in the terms of reliability, maintainability and decision capability. These terms are a function of the mean time between failure, mean time to repair and decision time. The availability is expressed as an operational and functional availability of the systems. These terms are a function of both the technical and human characteristics to maintain the systems in correct operational state. The result is based on a large amount data from operational organisations, the compulsory inspection of ventilation systems and momentary and continuous measurements made in HVAC-systems.

Myrefelt, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Lighting/HVAC interactions and their effects on annual and peak HVAC requirements in commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

Lighting measures is one effective strategy for reducing energy use in commercial buildings. Reductions in lighting energy have secondary effects on cooling/heating energy consumption and peak HVAC requirements; in general, they increase the heating and decrease cooling requirements of a building. Net change in a building`s annual and peak energy requirements, however, is difficult to quantify and depends on building characteristics, operating conditions, climate. This paper characterizes impacts of lighting/HVAC interactions on annual and peak heating/cooling requirements of prototypical US commercial buildings through computer simulations using DOE-2.1E building energy analysis program. Ten building types of two vintages and nine climates are chosen to represent the US commercial building stock. For each combination, a prototypical building is simulated with two lighting power densities, and resultant changes in heating and cooling loads are recorded. Simple concepts of Lighting Coincidence Factors are used to describe the observed interactions between lighting and HVAC requirements. (Coincidence Factor (CF) is ratio of changes in HVAC loads to those in lighting loads, where load is either annual or peak load). The paper presents tables of lighting CF for major building types and climates. These parameters can be used for regional or national cost/benefit analyses of lighting- related policies and utility DSM programs. Using Annual CFs and typical efficiencies for heating and cooling systems, net changes in space conditioning energy use from a lighting measure can be calculated. Similarly, Demand CFs can be used to estimate the changes in HVAC sizing, which can then be converted to changes in capital outlay using standard-design curves; or they can be used to estimate coincident peak reductions for the analysis of the utility`s avoided costs. Results from use of these tables are meaningful only when they involve a significantly large number of buildings.

Sezgen, A.O.; Huang, Y.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The Application of Ultraviolet Germicidal Technology in HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most significant issues for today's HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) engineer is Indoor Air Quality (IAQ). Many building owners, operators, and occupants complain of foul odors emanating from HVAC systems. The objectionable odor is the byproduct of the microbial growth (mold and fungus) that accumulates and develops on wet surfaces of HVAC units, causing foul odors to emanate from affected systems and degrading the IAQ and unit performance. This objectionable odor has been appropriately named the "Dirty Sock" syndrome. Less obvious to the building occupants, but of equal importance, are the physical effects the microbial organisms have on HVAC equipment. They restrict the airflow and limit the heat transfer capability, which increases the operating costs of the equipment. Fortunately, IAQ degradation, foul odor, and increased expenses can be eliminated with the installation of the ultraviolet 'C' band (W-C) lamps. The ultraviolet germicidal lamps are designed to kill odor causing mold and fungus that grow in wet evaporator sections of HVAC units. These lamps are installed inside HVAC systems and irradiate areas inhabited by the offending organisms, making it impossible for them to survive. The organisms disappear, the odors disappear, and most importantly, the IAQ complaints disappear. This guide will discuss the microbial growth and IAQ contaminant problems in the HVAC industry, the W-C lamp and other possible solutions, and the benefits of using the HVAC Duty W-C lamp.

Taylor, M. J.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Industrial HVAC Air-to-Air Energy Recovery Retrofit Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retrofitting air-to-air energy recovery equipment is relatively simply to design and easy to install. Additionally, HVAC energy recovery is almost risk free when compared to process retrofit. Life cycle cost analysis is the best way to illustrate the economic attractiveness of retrofitting HVAC industrial energy recovery equipment.

Graham, E. L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Theoretical Minimum Energy Use of a Building HVAC System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates the theoretical minimum energy use required by the HVAC system in a particular code compliant office building. This limit might be viewed as the "Carnot Efficiency" for HVAC system. It assumes that all ventilation and air conditioning in the building are provided using the minimum energy value that does not violate physical law.

Tanskyi, O.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

HVAC & Building Management Control System Energy Efficiency Replacements  

SciTech Connect

The project objective was the replacement of an aging, un-repairable HVAC system which has grown inefficient and a huge energy consumer with low energy and efficient HVAC units, and installation of energy efficient building control technologies at City's YMCA Community Center.

Hernandez, Adriana

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

206

Thermoelectric properties of nanoporous Ge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We computed thermoelectric properties of nanoporous Ge (np-Ge) with aligned pores along the [001] direction through a combined classical molecular dynamics and first-principles electronic structure approach. A significant ...

Lee, Joo-Hyoung

207

Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates Columbia Water and Light - HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting: 50% of invoiced cost up to $22,500 Program Info State Missouri Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount HVAC Replacements: $570 - $3,770 Lighting: $300/kW reduction or half of project cost Provider Columbia Water and Light Columbia Water and Light (CWL) offers rebates to its commercial and industrial customers for the purchase of high efficiency HVAC installations and efficient lighting. Incentives for certain measures are based upon the

208

A Quasi-Dynamic HVAC and Building Simulation Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis introduces a quasi-dynamic building simulation methodology which complements existing building simulators by allowing transient models of HVAC (heating, ventilating and air-conditioning) systems to be created in an analogous way to their design and simulated in a computationally efficient manner. The methodology represents a system as interconnected, object-oriented sub-models known as components. Fluids and their local properties are modeled using discrete, incompressible objects known as packets. System wide pressure and flow rates are modeled similar to electrical circuit models. Transferring packets between components emulates fluid flow, while the system wide fluid circuit formed by the components' interconnections determines system wide pressures and flow rates. A tool named PAQS, after the PAacketized Quasi-dynamic Simulation methodology, was built to demonstrate the described methodology. Validation tests of PAQS found that its steady state energy use predictions differed less than 3% from a comparable steady state model. PAQS was also able to correctly model the transient behavior of a dynamic linear analytical system.

Davis, Clinton Paul

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Interdisciplinary Innovation and Vision in the HVAC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High energy costs in buildings are forcing the building owners, developers, fund and facility managers to find alternate energy efficiency methods while improving the indoor air quality and thus the comfort level of the room occupants. High potentials for optimizing costs can be found in the HVAC systems when calculated over the total Life-Cycle-Cost (LCC) of a building incorporating planning through to facility management. This requires an accurate plan specifying an efficient technical operating method with optimized energy cost efficiency and comfort for the room occupants. In turn, the plan should be considered in any bidding process. Multisensory equipment is an integral part of the LCC concept and should not be underestimated in its impact on energy efficiency. The possibility of customizing the requirements of the room occupants should be included in each specification of a building/room automation system. The following case study will explain how modern sensory systems can be used for investment and energy savings in various HVAC system.

Hecker, T.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Simulation of residential HVAC system performance  

SciTech Connect

In many parts of North America residential HVAC systems are installed outside conditioned space. This leads to significant energy losses and poor occupant comfort due to conduction and air leakage losses from the air distribution ducts. In addition, cooling equipment performance is sensitive to air flow and refrigerant charge that have been found to be far from manufacturers specifications in most systems. The simulation techniques discussed in this paper were developed in an effort to provide guidance on the savings potentials and comfort gains that can be achieved by improving ducts (sealing air leaks) and equipment (correct air-flow and refrigerant charge). The simulations include the complex air flow and thermal interactions between duct systems, their surroundings and the conditioned space. They also include cooling equipment response to air flow and refrigerant charge effects. Another key aspect of the simulations is that they are dynamic--which accounts for cyclic losses from the HVAC system and the effect of cycle length on energy and comfort performance.

Walker, I.S.; Siegel, J.A.; Degenetais, G.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Thermoelectric energy conversion using nanostructured materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High performance thermoelectric materials in a wide range of temperatures are essential to broaden the application spectrum of thermoelectric devices. This paper presents experiments on the power and efficiency characteristics ...

Chen, Gang

212

Thermoelectric Applications to Truck Essential Power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The subjects covered in this report are: thermoelectrics, 1-kW generator for diesel engine; self-powered heater; power for wireless data transmission; and quantum-well thermoelectrics.

John C. Bass; Norbert B. Elsner

2001-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

213

Modeling and Measurement Constraints in Fault Diagnostics for HVAC Systems Massieh Najafi1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling and Measurement Constraints in Fault Diagnostics for HVAC Systems Massieh Najafi1 , David for determining HVAC diagnostics, methods to detect faults in HVAC systems are still generally undeveloped. Most in a substantial increase in energy use. For example, failure of an HVAC fan may prevent cool air from one

214

The influence of HVAC systems on secondary organic aerosol formation Michael S. Waring1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of HVAC systems on secondary organic aerosol formation Michael S. Waring1 , Jeffrey A, ventilation, and air- conditioning (HVAC) system. This study models the influence of HVAC systems on SOA. The most influential HVAC parameters are the flow rates, particle filtration, and indoor temperature

Siegel, Jeffrey

215

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-58636 Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Water Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Tengfang Xu Contents HVAC.................................................................................................................................... 6 #12;HVAC Water Systems Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Summary Cleanroom energy benchmarking data

216

A multi-sensor based occupancy estimation model for supporting demand driven HVAC operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) is a major energy consumer in buildings, and implementing demand driven HVAC operations is a way to reduce HVAC related energy consumption. This relies on the availability of occupancy information, which ... Keywords: HVAC, building energy consumption, demand driven, non-intrusive sensor, occupancy estimation

Zheng Yang; Nan Li; Burcin Becerik-Gerber; Michael Orosz

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Thermoelectrics and Thermal Transport - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 14, 2012 ... Energy Nanomaterials: Thermoelectrics and Thermal Transport Sponsored by: The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, TMS Materials ...

218

Some Examples in Hydrogen Storage, Thermoelectrics and  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Computational Phase-stability Research and Education in Energy Materials: Some Examples in Hydrogen Storage, Thermoelectrics and ...

219

Measurements and Standards for Thermoelectric Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of data, thereby accelerating the selection and optimization of thermoelectric ... products industries, the military, NASA, and the energy sector. ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

220

METHOD OF CONTROLLING TEMPERATURE OF A THERMOELECTRIC ...  

A method of controlling the temperature of a thermoelectric generator ... Advanced Materials; Biomass and Biofuels; Building Energy Efficiency; Electricity Transmission;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Thin Film Nanocomposites for Thermoelectric Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Thin Film Nanocomposites for Thermoelectric Applications ... Abstract Scope, Thin film nanocomposites comprised of refractory metals and ...

222

Classroom HVAC: Improving ventilation and saving energy -- field study plan  

SciTech Connect

The primary goals of this research effort are to develop, evaluate, and demonstrate a very practical HVAC system for classrooms that consistently provides classrooms (CRs) with the quantity of ventilation in current minimum standards, while saving energy, and reducing HVAC-related noise levels. This research is motivated by the public benefits of energy efficiency, evidence that many CRs are under-ventilated, and public concerns about indoor environmental quality in CRs. This document provides a summary of the detailed plans developed for the field study that will take place in 2005 to evaluate the energy and IAQ performance of a new classroom HVAC technology. The field study will include measurements of HVAC energy use, ventilation rates, and IEQ conditions in 10 classrooms with the new HVAC technology and in six control classrooms with a standard HVAC system. Energy use and many IEQ parameters will be monitored continuously, while other IEQ measurements will be will be performed seasonally. Continuously monitored data will be remotely accessed via a LonWorks network. Instrument calibration plans that vary with the type of instrumentation used are established. Statistical tests will be employed to compare energy use and IEQ conditions with the new and standard HVAC systems. Strengths of this study plan include the collection of real time data for a full school year, the use of high quality instrumentation, the incorporation of many quality control measures, and the extensive collaborations with industry that limit costs to the sponsors.

Apte, Michael G.; Faulkner, David; Hodgson, Alfred T.; Sullivan, Douglas P.

2004-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

223

Unusual HVAC challenges require innovative solutions  

SciTech Connect

There were many reasons behind Motorola`s decision to build the first 225,000 sq ft of a planned one million sq ft manufacturing facility in Chihuahua, Mexico. Among these were the availability of skilled labor in the area, lower construction costs, some export tax advantages, and the close proximity to the US border. The new facility is made up of a variety of functional areas that together create an impressively efficient plant. Phase 1 construction included a large manufacturing floor, shipping and receiving areas, a bulk storage facility, and a large office area with a view of the factory floor. The structure also houses a retail store where Motorola consumer products are sold, a conference and banquet center, a commercial kitchen, and dining facilities for 750. The design cooling load is 750 tons; the heating load is 4.5 million Btuh. The paper discusses the challenging location, the HVAC system, and the future expansion planned.

Jardine, G.M.; Gwin, O.D. [Heery International, Inc., Atlanta, GA (United States)

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

SURFACE INDUSTRIAL HVAC SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this system description document (SDD) is to establish requirements that drive the design of the surface industrial heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system and its bases to allow the design effort to proceed to license application. This SDD will be revised at strategic points as the design matures. This SDD identifies the requirements and describes the system design, as it currently exists, with emphasis on attributes of the design provided to meet the requirements. This SDD is an engineering tool for design control; accordingly, the primary audience and users are design engineers. This SDD is part of an iterative design process. It leads the design process with regard to the flowdown of upper tier requirements onto the system. Knowledge of these requirements is essential to performing the design process. The SDD follows the design with regard to the description of the system. The description that provided in this SDD reflects the current results of the design process.

M.M. Ansari

2005-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

225

HVAC system analysis: energy audit review  

SciTech Connect

Although most energy audits do not investigate HVAC systems in as much detail as would most design consultants, audit data can be most informative. For certain types of buildings, air-conditioning energy usage can be estimated by its absence from energy bills during winter months, and heating energy usage can be estimated by its absence from energy bills during the summer months. Cooling and heating energy usage can be even more accurately broken down when a fossil fuel is used for heating while electrical energy is used for cooling. It is easy to establish fairly accurate energy consumption estimates for lighting, fan motors, and pumps; this can be done by verifying their loads and multiplying them by known operating hours. The numerous notes contained in some energy audits may also provide ideas for retrofitting energy-consuming areas.

Harmon, K.S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Improved Thermoelectric Devices: Advanced Semiconductor Materials for Thermoelectric Devices  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Phononic Devices is working to recapture waste heat and convert it into usable electric power. To do this, the company is using thermoelectric devices, which are made from advanced semiconductor materials that convert heat into electricity or actively remove heat for refrigeration and cooling purposes. Thermoelectric devices resemble computer chips, and they manage heat by manipulating the direction of electrons at the nanoscale. These devices aren’t new, but they are currently too inefficient and expensive for widespread use. Phononic Devices is using a high-performance, cost-effective thermoelectric design that will improve the device’s efficiency and enable electronics manufacturers to more easily integrate them into their products.

None

2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

227

Co-simulation for performance prediction of integrated building and HVAC systems - An analysis of solution characteristics using a two-body system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of innovative integrated HVAC systems in buildings, infor building envelope and HVAC systems simu- lation - WillIntegrated simulation for HVAC performance prediction: State

Trcka, Marija

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Building HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

techniques for model-based FDD methods applied to vapordetection and diagnosis (FDD) has been an active area for6-17]. In building HVAC systems, FDD has received increasing

Najafi, Massieh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Connexus Energy - Residential Efficient HVAC Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Connexus Energy - Residential Efficient HVAC Rebate Program Connexus Energy - Residential Efficient HVAC Rebate Program Connexus Energy - Residential Efficient HVAC Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Source Heat Pumps: $480 - $630 Ductless Heat Pump: $150 Geothermal Heat Pump: $200/ton Provider Connexus Energy Connexus Energy offers rebates for residential customers to improve the energy efficiency of homes. Rebates are available for air source heat pumps, ductless heat pumps and ground-source heat pumps. Equipment must meet all efficiency standards listed on the web site, and must be installed by a certified HVAC contractor. Contact Connexus Energy for other program

230

Strategy Guideline: Transitioning HVAC Companies to Whole House Performance Contractors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the findings from research IBACOS conducted related to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) companies who have made the decision to transition to whole house performance contracting (WHPC).

Burdick, A.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Direct Digital Control for Building HVAC Systems, 2nd edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Direct Digital Control for Building HVAC Systems, Second Edition, is thoroughly updated and expanded to include complete coverage of the architecture of modern digital control systems, distributed intelligence networked systems, communication ...

Michael J. L. Coffin

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Review of Residential Low-Load HVAC Systems  

SciTech Connect

In support of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building America Program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted an investigation to inventory commercially available HVAC technologies that are being installed in low-load homes. The first step in this investigation was to conduct a review of published literature to identify low-load HVAC technologies available in the United States and abroad, and document the findings of existing case studies that have evaluated the performance of the identified technologies. This report presents the findings of the literature review, identifies gaps in the literature or technical understanding that must be addressed before low-load HVAC technologies can be fully evaluated, and introduces PNNL’s planned research and analysis for this project to address identified gaps and potential future work on residential low-load HVAC systems.

Brown, Scott A.; Thornton, Brian; Widder, Sarah H.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

DOE Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products, October 2, 2012 1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONVENING REPORT ON THE FEASIBILITY OF A NEGOTIATED RULEMAKING TO...

234

Software-Based Building Airflow Analysis Tool for Enabling HVAC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Software-Based Building Airflow Analysis Tool for Enabling HVAC Energy Use Savings in Commercial Buildings Speaker(s): Don Wroblewski Date: March 8, 2013 - 12:00pm Location:...

235

Temporal model-based diagnostics generation for HVAC control systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimizing energy usage in buildings requires global models that integrate multiple factors contributing to energy, such as lighting, "Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning" (HVAC), security, etc. Model transformation methods can then use these ...

Marion Behrens; Gregory Provan

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Columbia Water and Light- Residential HVAC Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Columbia Water and Light (CWL) provides an HVAC incentive for residential customers that are replacing an older heating and cooling system. Customers should submit the mechanical permit from a...

237

Sound quality descriptors for HVAC equipment from ARI Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI) has several standards that provide methods to evaluate the sound quality of heating ventilating and air?conditioning (HVAC) equipment. These include Standard 270 Sound rating of outdoor unitary equipment

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Commissioning and Performance Diagnostics for HVAC Control Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commissioning and Performance Diagnostics for HVAC Control Systems Speaker(s): Ashish Singhal Date: December 20, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

239

Adaptive Control and Fault Detection of HVAC Equipment in Commercial...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adaptive Control and Fault Detection of HVAC Equipment in Commercial Buildings Speaker(s): John Seem Date: February 27, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of...

240

Optimized HVAC Management Service to Enhance Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimized HVAC Management Service to Enhance Demand Response Speaker(s): John Steinberg Date: August 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Janie Page...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan Speaker(s): Katsuhiro Miura Date: January 27, 2012 - 10:00am Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

242

Neural network based optimal control of HVAC&R systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration (HVAC&R) systems have wide applications in providing a desired indoor environment for different types of buildings. It is well acknowledged… (more)

Ning, Min

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

HVAC system modeling and optimization: a data-mining approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) system is complex non-linear system with multi-variables simultaneously contributing to the system process. It poses challenges for both system… (more)

Tang, Fan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

LBL-34045 UC-1600 Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 UC-1600 Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1 Francis X. Johnson, Richard E. Brown, James W. Hanford, Alan H. Sanstad and...

245

Ameren Illinois (Electric)- Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Prescriptive rebates are available for many HVAC and motor efficiency improvements. Pre-approval is required for all rebates. The programs are available only to non-residential customers that...

246

Thermoelectric refrigerator having improved temperature stabilization means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control system for thermoelectric refrigerators is disclosed. The thermoelectric refrigerator includes at least one thermoelectric element that undergoes a first order change at a predetermined critical temperature. The element functions as a thermoelectric refrigerator element above the critical temperature, but discontinuously ceases to function as a thermoelectric refrigerator element below the critical temperature. One example of such an arrangement includes thermoelectric refrigerator elements which are superconductors. The transition temperature of one of the superconductor elements is selected as the temperature control point of the refrigerator. When the refrigerator attempts to cool below the point, the metals become superconductors losing their ability to perform as a thermoelectric refrigerator. An extremely accurate, first-order control is realized.

Falco, Charles M. (Woodridge, IL)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

End-on radioisotope thermoelectric generator impact tests  

SciTech Connect

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of [sup 238]Pu decay to an array of thermoelectric elements in a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG). The modular GPHS design was developed to address both survivability during launch abort and return from orbit. The first two RTG Impact Tests were designed to provide information on the response of a fully loaded RTG to end-on impact against a concrete target. The results of these tests indicated that at impact velocities up to 57 m/s the converter shell and internal components protect the GPHS capsules from excessive deformation. At higher velocities, some of the internal components of the RTG interact with the GPHS capsules to cause excessive localized deformation and failure.

Reimus, M.A.H.; Hhinckley, J.E.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Measuring advances in HVAC distribution system designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Substantial commercial building energy savings have been achieved by improving the performance of the HVAC distribution system. The energy savings result from distribution system design improvements, advanced control capabilities, and use of variable-speed motors. Yet, much of the commercial building stock remains equipped with inefficient systems. Contributing to this is the absence of a definition for distribution system efficiency as well as the analysis methods for quantifying performance. This research investigates the application of performance indices to assess design advancements in commercial building thermal distribution systems. The index definitions are based on a first and second law of thermodynamics analysis of the system. The second law or availability analysis enables the determination of the true efficiency of the system. Availability analysis is a convenient way to make system efficiency comparisons since performance is evaluated relative to an ideal process. A TRNSYS simulation model is developed to analyze the performance of two distribution system types, a constant air volume system and a variable air volume system, that serve one floor of a large office building. Performance indices are calculated using the simulation results to compare the performance of the two systems types in several locations. Changes in index values are compared to changes in plant energy, costs, and carbon emissions to explore the ability of the indices to estimate these quantities.

Franconi, Ellen

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Development of a Component-Based Framework for Evaluation of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of a Component-Based Framework for Evaluation of HVAC Systems Speaker(s): Darko Sucic Date: October 3, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

250

Influence Of Three Dynamic Predictive Clothing Insulation Models On Building Energy Use, HVAC Sizing And Thermal Comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON BUILDING ENERGY USE, HVAC SIZING AND THERMAL COMFORT aThe results showed that when the HVAC is controlled based onequipment sizing. When the HVAC is controlled based on the

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Evaluation of commercially available techniques and development of simplified methods for measuring grille airflows in HVAC systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Walker. 2002. “Residential HVAC and Distribution researchMeasuring Grille Airflows in HVAC Systems I.S. Walker, C.P.Measuring Grille Airflows in HVAC Systems I.S. Walker, C.P.

Walker, Iain S.; Wray, Craig P.; Guillot, Cyril; Masson, S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Using measured equipment load profiles to "right-size" HVAC systems and reduce energy use in laboratory buildings (Pt. 2)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

load profiles to “right-size” HVAC systems and reduce energyGeorgia. ASHRAE [1999]. HVAC Applications Handbook 1999.Inefficiency of a Common Lab HVAC System,” presented at the

Mathew, Paul; Greenberg, Steve; Frenze, David; Morehead, Michael; Sartor, Dale; Starr, William

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficiency Choice 6.3 New Home HVAC System Choice 6.4. NewJuly. EPRI. 1990. REEPS 2.0 HVAC Model Logic, prepared by1990. Review of Equipment HVAC Choice Parameters. Cambridge

Johnson, F.X.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Vehicle Technologies Office: 3rd Thermoelectrics Applications Workshop 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3rd Thermoelectrics 3rd Thermoelectrics Applications Workshop 2012 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 3rd Thermoelectrics Applications Workshop 2012 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 3rd Thermoelectrics Applications Workshop 2012 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 3rd Thermoelectrics Applications Workshop 2012 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 3rd Thermoelectrics Applications Workshop 2012 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 3rd Thermoelectrics Applications Workshop 2012 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: 3rd Thermoelectrics Applications Workshop 2012 on AddThis.com... Publications Key Publications Plans & Roadmaps Partnership Documents Annual Progress Reports Success Stories

255

Modeling study of thermoelectric SiGe nanocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanocomposite thermoelectric materials have attracted much attention recently due to experimental demonstrations of improved thermoelectric properties over those of the corresponding bulk material. In order to better ...

Minnich, Austin Jerome

256

High Temperature Modules and Materials for Thermoelectric Power ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We fabricated oxide-based thermoelectric modules for high temperature electrical-power generation. Potentials for a development of a thermoelectric generation ...

257

Study of the Use of Saline Formations for Combined Thermoelectric...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Study of the Use of Saline Formations for Combined Thermoelectric Power Plant Water Needs and Carbon Sequestration at a Regional-Scale Background Thermoelectric power plants are...

258

Effect of Nanoparticles on Electron and Thermoelectric Transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Electron and Thermoelectric Transport MONA ZEBARJADI, 1,5quantitatively predict transport properties of a bulk matrixscattering, thermoelectric, transport INTRODUCTION In recent

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Definition: Thermoelectric power generation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermoelectric power generation Thermoelectric power generation Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Thermoelectric power generation The conversion of thermal energy into electrical energy. Thermoelectric generation relies on a fuel source (e.g. fossil, nuclear, biomass, geothermal, or solar) to heat a fluid to drive a turbine[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The thermoelectric effect is the direct conversion of temperature differences to electric voltage and vice-versa. A thermoelectric device creates voltage when there is a different temperature on each side. Conversely, when a voltage is applied to it, it creates a temperature difference. At the atomic scale, an applied temperature gradient causes charge carriers in the material to diffuse from the hot side to the cold

260

An evaluation of three commercially available technologies for real-time measurement of rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RATES OF OUTDOOR AIRFLOW INTO HVAC SYSTEMS William J. Fisk,determine flow resistance of hvac ducts and fittings. A S H

Fisk, William J.; Faulkner, David; Sullivan, Douglas P.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Building energy modeling programs comparison Research on HVAC systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy modeling programs comparison Research on HVAC systems energy modeling programs comparison Research on HVAC systems simulation part Title Building energy modeling programs comparison Research on HVAC systems simulation part Publication Type Journal Year of Publication 2013 Authors Zhou, Xin, Da Yan, Tianzhen Hong, and Dandan Zhu Keywords Building energy modeling programs, comparison tests, HVAC system simulation, theory analysis Abstract Building energy simulation programs are effective tools for the evaluation of building energy saving and optimization of design. The fact that large discrepancies exist in simulated results when different BEMPs are used to model the same building has caused wide concern. Urgent research is needed to identify the main elements that contribute towards the simulation results. This technical report summarizes methodologies, processes, and the main assumptions of three building energy modeling programs (BEMPs) for HVAC calculations: EnergyPlus, DeST, and DOE-2.1E, and test cases are designed to analyze the calculation process in detail. This will help users to get a better understanding of BEMPs and the research methodology of building simulation. This will also help build a foundation for building energy code development and energy labeling programs.

262

Enhancing Open Circuit Voltage by Combining Thermoelectric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enhancing Open Circuit Voltage by Combining Thermoelectric Materials and Dye -Sensitized Solar Cell in Series · Estimation of Compressive Strength of High ...

263

QUANTUM WELLS THERMOELECTRIC DEVICES FOR DIESEL ENGINES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials are utilized for power generation in remote locations, on spacecraft used for interplanetary exploration, and in places where waste heat can be recovered.

Ghamaty, Saeid

2000-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

264

CNT Based Thermoelectric Devices for Energy Harvesting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, CNT Based Thermoelectric Devices for Energy Harvesting. Author(s), David S. Lashmore, Tom VanVechten, Jennifer Mann, Cory Timoney, ...

265

Heat Transfer Enhancement in Thermoelectric Power Generation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Heat transfer plays an important role in thermoelectric (TE) power generation because the higher the heat-transfer rate from the hot to the cold side of… (more)

Hu, Shih-yung

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Thermoelectric battery, protected against shocks and accelerations  

SciTech Connect

In a thermoelectric battery the heat source is suspended on the end of a thermoelectric unit, the other end of which is attached via a heat conducting mass to the casing. A resilient mounting permits resilient rocking of the thermoelectric unit to reduce stress on the unit in the event of shock or acceleration applied to the casing and spring fingers not normally in contact with the heat source or the thermoelectric unit are positioned to arrest the heat source if the assembly rocks more than a predetermined amount.

Brown, M.H.; Myatt, J.

1979-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

267

Thermoelectric Ambient Energy Harvester - Energy Innovation Portal  

A novel thermoelectric generator (TEG) design by PNNL allows the conversion of ambient thermal energy into electric power for a variety of low-power uses. These ...

268

Energy harvesting using a thermoelectric material - Energy ...  

A novel energy harvesting system and method utilizing a thermoelectric having a material exhibiting a large thermally induced strain (TIS) due to a phase ...

269

WEATHER SEQUENCES FOR PREDICTING HVAC SYSTEM BEHAVIOUR IN RESIDENTIAL UNITS LOCATED IN TROPICAL CLIMATES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WEATHER SEQUENCES FOR PREDICTING HVAC SYSTEM BEHAVIOUR IN RESIDENTIAL UNITS LOCATED IN TROPICAL on the energy needs of HVAC system. We'll apply the method on the tropical Reunion Island. The methodological

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

270

Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System October 15, 2012 - 3:19pm Addthis Change your...

271

Critical Question #4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Solutions...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Critical Question 4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High-Performance Homes and Apartments? Critical Question 4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC...

272

High Energy Density Thermal Batteries: Thermoelectric Reactors for Efficient Automotive Thermal Storage  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: Sheetak is developing a new HVAC system to store the energy required for heating and cooling in EVs. This system will replace the traditional refrigerant-based vapor compressors and inefficient heaters used in today’s EVs with efficient, light, and rechargeable hot-and-cold thermal batteries. The high energy density thermal battery—which does not use any hazardous substances—can be recharged by an integrated solid-state thermoelectric energy converter while the vehicle is parked and its electrical battery is being charged. Sheetak’s converters can also run on the electric battery if needed and provide the required cooling and heating to the passengers—eliminating the space constraint and reducing the weight of EVs that use more traditional compressors and heaters.

None

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

Commissioning and Performance Diagnostics for HVAC Control Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commissioning and Performance Diagnostics for HVAC Control Systems Commissioning and Performance Diagnostics for HVAC Control Systems Speaker(s): Ashish Singhal Date: December 20, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Philip Haves The presentation will focus on practical aspects of commissioning control loops in commercial HVAC systems and evaluating their routine performance. Simple and theoretically sound methods for diagnosing control performance will be presented that detect serious performance issues associated with control loops in modern buildings. The discussion will center on a new control loop commissioning tool that helps field personnel to quickly test, tune and troubleshoot control loops. In addition to the active tests for commissioning control loops, a suite of diagnostic algorithms are used in a

274

Optimized HVAC Management Service to Enhance Demand Response  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimized HVAC Management Service to Enhance Demand Response Optimized HVAC Management Service to Enhance Demand Response Speaker(s): John Steinberg Date: August 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page Many utilities are investing vast sums deploying smart meters to customers, some of whom remain stubbornly opposed to those deployments, in large part because they remain unmoved by the claimed benefits. EcoFactor has developed a thermostat management service that delivers (and quantifies) significant energy savings for consumers and a number of additional benefits to other players in the energy value chain. It does so without relying on consumers to modify behavior, study energy information displays, or even pay attention to their energy use. EcoFactor also significantly boosts DR yield while it increases occupant comfort. It can identify HVAC

275

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate $600,000/year/facility. Incentives $1-$200,000: paid at 100% Incentives $200,000-$600,000: paid at 50% Custom: 50% of incremental cost Retro-Commissioning: $200,000/year/facility; $100,000/project Leak Survey: $10,000

276

Energy-Efficient Building HVAC Control Using Hybrid System LBMPC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving the energy-efficiency of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems has the potential to realize large economic and societal benefits. This paper concerns the system identification of a hybrid system model of a building-wide HVAC system and its subsequent control using a hybrid system formulation of learning-based model predictive control (LBMPC). Here, the learning refers to model updates to the hybrid system model that incorporate the heating effects due to occupancy, solar effects, outside air temperature (OAT), and equipment, in addition to integrator dynamics inherently present in low-level control. Though we make significant modeling simplifications, our corresponding controller that uses this model is able to experimentally achieve a large reduction in energy usage without any degradations in occupant comfort. It is in this way that we justify the modeling simplifications that we have made. We conclude by presenting results from experiments on our building HVAC testbed, which s...

Aswani, Anil; Taneja, Jay; Krioukov, Andrew; Culler, David; Tomlin, Claire

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Active noise control: A tutorial for HVAC designers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article will identify the capabilities and limitations of ANC in its application to HVAC noise control. ANC can be used in ducted HVAC systems to cancel ductborne, low-frequency fan noise by injecting sound waves of equal amplitude and opposite phase into an air duct, as close as possible to the source of the unwanted noise. Destructive interference of the fan noise and injected noise results in sound cancellation. The noise problems that it solves are typically described as rumble, roar or throb, all of which are difficult to address using traditional noise control methods. This article will also contrast the use of active against passive noise control techniques. The main differences between the two noise control measures are acoustic performance, energy consumption, and design flexibility. The article will first present the fundamentals and basic physics of ANC. The application to real HVAC systems will follow.

Gelin, L.J.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

What are the Best HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High Performance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

What are the Best HVAC Solutions for Low Load, High Performance Homes? www.BuildingScience.com buildingscience.com...

279

Prescription to Improve Thermoelectric Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, patterns in the behavior of different classes and types of thermoelectric materials are observed, and an alchemy that could help engineer a highly efficient thermoelectric is proposed. A method based on cross-correlation of Seebeck waveforms is also presented in order to capture physics of magnetic transition. The method is used to compute Curie temperature of LaCoO3 with an accuracy of 10K. In total, over 26 systems are analyzed, and 19 presented: Chalcogenides (PbSe, PbTe, Sb2Te3, Ag2Se), Skutterudites and Clathrates (CoSb3, SrFe4Sb12, Cd (CN)2, CdC, Ba8Ga16Si30*), Perovskites (SrTiO3, BaTiO3, LaCoO3, CaSiO3, Ce3InN*, YCoO3*), Half-Heuslers (ZrNiSn, NbFeSb, LiAlSi, CoSbTi, ScPtSb*, CaMgSi*), and an assorted class of thermoelectric materials (FeSi, FeSi2, ZnO, Ag QDSL*). Relaxation time is estimated from experimental conductance curve fits. A maximum upper bound of zT is evaluated for systems that have no experimental backing. In general, thermoelectric parameters (power factor, Seebeck coefficient and zT) are estimated for the aforementioned crystal structures. Strongly correlated systems are treated using LDAU and GGAU approximations. LDA/GGA/L(S)DA+U/GGA+U approach specific errors have also been highlighted. Densities of experimental results are estimated.

Meka, Shiv Akarsh

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Weather-clustering based strategy design for dynamic demand response building HVAC control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy consumption and room temperature can be simulated using EnergyPlus model, given the building model, weather information, and HVAC control strategy. For a given weather forecast, however, online simulation-based optimization of the HVAC control ... Keywords: EnergyPlus, building HVAC control strategy, clustering, dynamic demand response

Rui Liao; Geng Li; Shun Miao; Yan Lu; Jianmin Zhu; Ling Shen

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

RF propagation in an HVAC duct system: impulse response characteristics of the channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RF propagation in an HVAC duct system: impulse response characteristics of the channel Pavel V, the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) duct system in buildings is a complex network of hollow at RF and microwave frequencies of com- mon interest. HVAC ducts can be used as a wireless communication

Stancil, Daniel D.

282

BLACK-BOX MODELLING OF HVAC SYSTEM: IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCES OF NEURAL NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BLACK-BOX MODELLING OF HVAC SYSTEM: IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCES OF NEURAL NETWORKS Eric FOCK Ile de La Réunion - FRANCE ABSTRACT This paper deals with neural networks modelling of HVAC systems of HVAC system can be modelled using manufacturer design data presented as derived performance maps

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

283

Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-47668 Fouling of HVAC Fin and Tube Heat Exchangers Jeffrey Siegel and Van P. Carey CIEE ENDORSEMENT OF OR AGREEMENT WITH THESE FINDINGS, NOR THAT OF ANY CIEE SPONSOR. #12;FOULING OF HVAC in residential, commercial and industrial HVAC applications. Invariably, indoor and outdoor air contaminants foul

284

Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering Spring 2013 Solar Innovations -HVAC and Waste Stream Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PENNSTATE Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering Spring 2013 Solar Innovations - HVAC and Waste Stream Analysis Overview There are two problems that were voiced by Solar Innovations, HVAC system design and recycling stream improvement. The HVAC system was not providing even conditioning of office

Demirel, Melik C.

285

Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning Tim Salsbury and Rick Diamond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automated Testing of HVAC Systems for Commissioning Tim Salsbury and Rick Diamond Lawrence Berkeley of the commissioning of HVAC systems. The approach is based on software that generates a sequence of test signals for new and retrofit projects. Introduction The performance of many HVAC systems is limited more by poor

Diamond, Richard

286

Multi-carrier Signal Transmission through HVAC Ducts: Experimental Results for Channel Capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-carrier Signal Transmission through HVAC Ducts: Experimental Results for Channel Capacity, for the first time, experimental results on channel capacity of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC through a building HVAC duct system demonstrate the ability to transmit with a spectral efficiency of 3

Stancil, Daniel D.

287

A CONTROLLER FOR HVAC SYSTEMS WITH FAULT DETECTION CAPABILITIES BASED ON SIMULATION MODELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A CONTROLLER FOR HVAC SYSTEMS WITH FAULT DETECTION CAPABILITIES BASED ON SIMULATION MODELS T. I describes a control scheme with fault detection capabilities suitable for application to HVAC systems as a reference of correct operation. Faults that occur in the HVAC system under control cause the PI

288

VOLUME 11, NUMBER 2 HVAC&R RESEARCH APRIL 2005 An Optimization-Based Approach for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VOLUME 11, NUMBER 2 HVAC&R RESEARCH APRIL 2005 215 An Optimization-Based Approach for Facility formulation and the correspond- ing solution methodology for HVAC systems. The problem is to minimize the energy and demand costs through control of HVAC units while satisfying human comfort, system dynamics

Luh, Peter

289

Seamless Handover in Buildings Using HVAC Ducts: A New System Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seamless Handover in Buildings Using HVAC Ducts: A New System Architecture Ariton E. Xhafa, Paisarn-- In this paper, we present an innovative solution to the handover problem in multi-story buildings using HVAC of the indoor wireless networks that use the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) ducts

Stancil, Daniel D.

290

Conventional Facilities Chapter 6: HVAC Systems 6-1 NSLS-II Preliminary Design Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conventional Facilities Chapter 6: HVAC Systems 6-1 NSLS-II Preliminary Design Report 6 MECHANICAL ­ HVAC SYSTEMS 6.1 Design Criteria 6.1.1 Codes and Standards The latest edition of the codes, standards have adequate capacity and head, no chilled water pumps #12;Conventional Facilities Chapter 6: HVAC

Ohta, Shigemi

291

Comparison of dust from HVAC filters, indoor surfaces, and indoor air Federico Noris*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of dust from HVAC filters, indoor surfaces, and indoor air Federico Noris* , Kerry A and Environmental Engineering * Corresponding email: Fedenoris@mail.utexas.edu SUMMARY HVAC filters are long heavy metal (Pb, Cd and As) concentrations. HVAC filter microbial concentrations appear to be consistent

Siegel, Jeffrey

292

VOLUME 16, NUMBER 3 HVAC&R RESEARCH MAY 2010 The Effects of Filtration on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VOLUME 16, NUMBER 3 HVAC&R RESEARCH MAY 2010 273 The Effects of Filtration on Pressure Drop and Energy Consumption in Residential HVAC Systems (RP-1299) Brent Stephens Atila Novoselac, PhD Jeffrey A of high-efficiency HVAC filters is a common strategy to control exposure to airborne particulate matter

Siegel, Jeffrey

293

Theoretical Estimates of HVAC Duct Channel Capacity for High-Speed Internet Access  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical Estimates of HVAC Duct Channel Capacity for High-Speed Internet Access Ariton E. Xhafa-conditioning (HVAC) ducts based on multi-carrier transmission that uses M-QAM mod- ulation and measured channel- flections in HVAC ducts). Our work also shows that data rates in excess of 300 Mbps are possible over

Stancil, Daniel D.

294

Comparison of HVAC filter test methods for particle removal efficiency Brent Stephens1,*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of HVAC filter test methods for particle removal efficiency Brent Stephens1,* , Jeffrey Introduction The use of HVAC filters in buildings is one strategy to reduce occupant exposure to particulate matter. However, HVAC filters are typically tested only in laboratory settings and little is known about

Siegel, Jeffrey

295

Co-simulation for performance prediction of integrated building and HVAC systems -An analysis of solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Co-simulation for performance prediction of integrated building and HVAC systems - An analysis performance simulation of buildings and heating, ventilation and air- conditioning (HVAC) systems can help, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems are responsible for 10%-60% of the total building

296

HVAC equipment replacement for best size and efficiency  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to explore the potential benefits of HVAC equipment replacement for buildings owned by the City of Phoenix. The specific research objectives were as follows: Establishment an understanding of the magnitude and sources of saving available through equipment replacement; Establish an economic model for understanding equipment replacement and deciding when equipment should be replaced; Establish technical methods for calculating savings from replacement of various types of equipment; Demonstrate the replacement of a major item of HVAC equipment and document the savings through actual experimentation and measurement; and Provide guidance material for other jurisdictions wishing to investigate equipment replacement. 11 figs., 9 tabs.

Teji, D.S.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: HVAC Solution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Codes & Standards Materials, Components, Equipment, & Systems Other Applications Atmospheric Pollution Energy Economics Indoor Air Quality Multibuilding Facilities SolarClimate...

298

Thermoelectric Development at Hi-Z Technology  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An improved Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) for the Heavy Duty Class Eight Diesel Trucks is under development at Hi-Z Technology. The current TEG is equipped with the improved HZ-14 Thermoelectric module, which features better mechanical properties as well as higher electric power output. Also, the modules are held in place more securely.

Kushch, Aleksandr S.; Bass, John C.; Ghamaty, Saeid; Elsner, Norbert B.; Bergstrand, Richard A.; Furrow, David; Melvin, Mike

2002-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

299

Thermionic energy conversion (TEC) topping thermoelectrics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Long-respected international experts on thermoelectrics (Dixon, Ertl and Goldsmid supported by Ure) determine the probable maximum figure of merit (ZT) for fully matured thermoelectric generators as about unity from ordiary temperatures to 2000 K. Thus the maximum efficiency for fully matured thermoelectrics would be approximately 0.414 (l - r/sub T/)/(1.414 + r/sub T/) where r/sub T/ is the ratio of cold and hot junction temperatures. This limitation contrasts with the recent burst of enthusiasm for high-temperature thermoelectrics - based on calculated figures of merit and efficiencies that increase more and more rapidly with rising temperatures. Unfortunately these calculations neglect internal radiation effects which diminish thermoelectric figures of merit significantly at 1000 K and substantially at 2000 K: The effective thermal-conductivity contribution of intrathermoelectric radiative dissipation increases with the third power of temperature. Therefore the quotation from Thermoelectricy: Science and Engineering by Heikes and Ure apparently still prevails: ...thermoelectric devices appear difficult to extend in the direction of high temperature, while thermionic devices become inefficient at low temperature. Accordingly consideration of thermoelectric power generation with high-temperature heat sources should include utilization of TEC topping thermoelectrics. However TEC alone or TEC topping more-efficient conversion systems like steam or gas turbines, combined cycles or Stirling engines would be more desirable generally.

Morris, J.F.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Thermoelectric generator apparatus and operation method  

SciTech Connect

A method of operating a thermoelectric generator includes: cyclically producing increasing then decreasing temperature differences in the thermoelectric material of the generator; and generating a cyclically increasing then decreasing electrical generator output signal, in response to such temperature differences, to transmit electrical power generated by the generator from the generator. Part of the thermoelectric material reaches temperatures substantially above the melting temperature of the material. The thermoelectric material of the generator forms a part of a closed electrical loop about a transformer core so that the inductor voltage for the loop serves as the output signal of the generator. A thermoelectric generator, which can be driven by the described method of operation, incorporates fins into a thermopile to conduct heat toward or away from the alternating spaces between adjacent layers of different types of thermoelectric material. The fins extend from between adjacent layers, so that they can also conduct electrical current between such layers, perpendicularly to the direction of stacking of the layers. The exhaust from an internal combustion engine can be employed to drive the thermoelectric generator, and, also, to act as a driver for a thermoelectric generator in accordance with the method of operation initially described.

Lowther, F.E.

1984-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Heat reflecting tape for thermoelectric converter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Threads are interlaced with thermoelectric wires to provide a woven cloth in tape form, there being an intermediate layer of heat radiation reflecting material (e.g., aluminum foil) insulated electrically from said wires, which are of opposite thermoelectric polarity and connected as a plurality of thermocouples.

Purdy, David L. (Indiana, PA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Thermoelectric materials: ternary penta telluride and selenide compounds  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ternary tellurium compounds and ternary selenium compounds may be used in fabricating thermoelectric devices with a thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) of 1.5 or greater. Examples of such compounds include Tl.sub.2 SnTe.sub.5, Tl.sub.2 GeTe.sub.5, K.sub.2 SnTe.sub.5 and Rb.sub.2 SnTe.sub.5. These compounds have similar types of crystal lattice structures which include a first substructure with a (Sn, Ge) Te.sub.5 composition and a second substructure with chains of selected cation atoms. The second substructure includes selected cation atoms which interact with selected anion atoms to maintain a desired separation between the chains of the first substructure. The cation atoms which maintain the desired separation between the chains occupy relatively large electropositive sites in the resulting crystal lattice structure which results in a relatively low value for the lattice component of thermal conductivity (.kappa..sub.g). The first substructure of anion chains indicates significant anisotropy in the thermoelectric characteristics of the resulting semiconductor materials.

Sharp, Jeffrey W. (Richardson, TX)

2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

303

Thermoelectric materials ternary penta telluride and selenide compounds  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ternary tellurium compounds and ternary selenium compounds may be used in fabricating thermoelectric devices with a thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) of 1.5 or greater. Examples of such compounds include Tl.sub.2 SnTe.sub.5, Tl.sub.2 GeTe.sub.5, K.sub.2 SnTe.sub.5 and Rb.sub.2 SnTe.sub.5. These compounds have similar types of crystal lattice structures which include a first substructure with a (Sn, Ge) Te.sub.5 composition and a second substructure with chains of selected cation atoms. The second substructure includes selected cation atoms which interact with selected anion atoms to maintain a desired separation between the chains of the first substructure. The cation atoms which maintain the desired separation between the chains occupy relatively large electropositive sites in the resulting crystal lattice structure which results in a relatively low value for the lattice component of thermal conductivity (.kappa..sub.g). The first substructure of anion chains indicates significant anisotropy in the thermoelectric characteristics of the resulting semiconductor materials.

Sharp, Jeffrey W. (Richardson, TX)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Measuring Advances in HVAC Distribution System Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this "thermal mixing", the heating and cooling loadsyear) Cooling Plant Heating Plant Fans Total Thermal Tobllthermal distribution system includes the components that carry the heating and cooling

Franconi, E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

HVAC&R Equipment Performance Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... which is the predominant end-user of energy in buildings. ... and components; development of advanced modeling and optimization tools; research of ...

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

306

Analysis of Innovative HVAC System Technologies and Their Application for Office Buildings in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Analysis of Innovative HVAC System Technologies and Their Application for Office Buildings in Hot and Humid Climates. (December 2010) Oleksandr Tanskyi, B.S., National Technical University of Ukraine; M.S., National Technical University of Ukraine Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. David E. Claridge Dr. Michael B. Pate The commercial buildings sector in the United States used 18% (17.93 Quads) of the U.S. primary energy in 2006. Office buildings are the largest single energy consumption category in the commercial buildings sector of the United States with annual energy consumption around 1.1 Quads. Traditional approaches used in commercial building designs are not adequate to save energy in both depth and scale. One of the most effective ways to reduce energy consumption is to improve energy performance of HVAC systems. High-performance HVAC systems and components, as well as application of renewable energy sources, were surveyed for buildings in hot and humid climates. An analysis of performance and energy saving potential estimation for selected HVAC systems in hot and humid climates was developed based on energy consumption simulation models in DOE-2.1E. A calibrated energy consumption model of an existing office building located in the hot and humid climate conditions of Texas was developed. Based on this model, the energy saving potential of the building was estimated. In addition, energy consumption simulation models were developed for a new office building, including simulation of energy saving measures that could be achieved with further improvements of HVAC system above the energy conservation codes requirements. The theoretical minimum energy consumption level for the same office building was estimated for the purpose of evaluating the whole building energy efficiency level. The theoretical minimum energy consumption model of the office building was designed to provide the same level of comfort and services to the building occupants as provided in the actual building simulation model. Finally, the energy efficiency of the building that satisfies valid energy conservation codes and the building with an improved HVAC system was estimated based on theoretically minimum energy consumption level. The analysis provided herein can be used for new building practitioners and existing building owners to evaluate energy reduction potential and the performance of innovative technologies such as dedicated outdoor air system, displacement ventilation, improved cooling system efficiency, air source heat pumps and natural gas heat pumps.

Tanskyi, Oleksandr

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Application of Multizone HVAC Control Using Wireless Sensor Networks and Actuating Vent Registers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most residential heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are designed to treat the home as a single zone. Single zone control consists of one thermostat, in a central area of the house that controls the HVAC operation. In a single zone system all of the vent registers are open, distributing air into all areas of the house at once. Single zone control leads to wasted energy for two reasons - all rooms being conditioned when they are not occupied, and conditioning occupied rooms, without maintaining them at the comfortable temperature for the occupants. Improved control of residential cooling and heating can be attained with a variable HVAC fan, duct, and vent system. Existing single zone systems are expensive to retrofit with the above mentioned features. Current techniques require replacing major components in the HVAC system which are both costly and time consuming, invading the user's home. An alternative to the extensive retrofit is detailed in this work. The experiments in this paper implement an automated vent louver system to solve two problems in heating homes: the problem of temperature stratification between floors and zonification between rooms, and the energy wasted to heat in unoccupied areas of the home. This paper considers the application of replacing the standard vents in each room with wireless controlled louvered vents. These vents allow for simpler, more cost effective retrofits which are also less invasive tithe end user's home. The experiments in this paper implement an automated vent louver system to reduce the energy wasted to heat unoccupied areas of the home. This test house in these experiments was a two story home. Wireless sensor-actuator networks were used to automate the test of closing off vent registers while maintaining the appropriate temperature set point in a control zone. A control zone consists of the house area where the vents are fully open. Controlling the vent registers allowed for reduced zonification between rooms on the same floor, and reduced stratification between the upstairs and downstairs. Energy savings were shown when vents were closed to heat the control zones containing the bedroom, of the office.

Watts, W.; Koplow, M.; Redfern, A.; Wright, P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

A new modelling methodology to control HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal comfort plays an important role in any working environment, but it is a very vague term and it is also very difficult to represent it on modern computers. Its proper definition could be a condition of the mind which expresses satisfaction with ... Keywords: Control, Energy, HVAC, Model, Thermal comfort

José A. Orosa

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Thermovote: participatory sensing for efficient building HVAC conditioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal comfort has traditionally been measured solely by temperature. While other methods such as Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) are available for measuring thermal comfort, the parameters required for an accurate value are overly complicated to obtain and ... Keywords: HVAC conditioning, PMV, phones, thermal comfort

Varick L. Erickson; Alberto E. Cerpa

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Fuzzy Control of HVAC Systems Optimized by Genetic Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the use of genetic algorithms to develop smartly tuned fuzzy logic controllers dedicated to the control of heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems concerning energy performance and indoor comfort requirements. This problem ... Keywords: HVAC systems, fuzzy logic controllers, genetic tuning, multiple criteria

Rafael Alcalá; Jose M. Benítez; Jorge Casillas; Oscar Cordón; Raúl Pérez

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Solar House Sink Group HVAC System Design Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this project we apply a systems engineering approach to design an intelligent HVAC system. Using sensors and user provided information the systems determines and adjusts the cooling load on the fly to provide the most efficient operation possible, saving energy and money. The system utilizes variable speed drives to provide just enough capacity to keep the indoor

Bob Hayes; Will Seeber; Zhen Zhao; Zhen Kuang; Isr Advisor; Prof Austin; Prof Baras

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

HVAC System Design Strategies to Address Indoor Air Quality Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes strategies that can be employed in the design and operation of heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems to address the ASHRAE Standard 62 "Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality" requirements. The report examines a wide variety of approaches to meeting the standard and their impact on energy consumption, occupant comfort, and other factors.

1999-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

313

A Qualitive Modeling Approach for Fault Detection and Diagnosis on HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the basics and first test results of a model based approach using qualitative modeling to perform Fault Detection and Diagnostics (FDD) on HVAC and R systems. A quantized system describing the qualitative behavior of a dynamical system is established by transforming numerical inputs into qualitative values or states. Then, the qualitative model is used to determine system-states or outputs that may occur in the future. The qualitative model determines the probability that a subsequent condition might occur. The model can then be used for FDD purposes by comparing the expected states of the faultless system with the occurring states of the real process. The paper presents the first results of the model, trained with measurement data of an air handling unit (AHU) heating coil. The authors plan to extend the model to further AHU components and to test them against real data to assess their performance for FDD and their economic viability in terms of engineering efforts and costs by comparing them with a rule-based FDD system. It is then planned to implement and test the models on several large HVAC and R systems operating at two major European airports in the framework of the FP7 European project CASCADE ICT for Energy Efficient Airports.

Muller, T.; Rehault, N.; Rist, T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

A BEMS-Assisted Commissioning Tool to Improve the Energy Performance of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolving capabilities of Building Energy Management Systems (BEMS) offer new opportunities to automate some parts of the commissioning process and can generate benefits over the entire life of a building. These benefits include a reduction of process cost and manual effort on site, improved quality assurance process and the adoption of automated energy audit capabilities to improve overall building performance. This paper presents the concept for a new automated commissioning tool that verifies and optimizes the performance of building HVAC systems using the capabilities of BEMS. The tool is applicable mainly to commercial and institutional buildings. In its simplest form, the tool monitors building control data and stores it in a structured database to be used online or upon request. Data resulting from standardized test procedures invoked manually or automatically are also stored in the database. A reasoning algorithm performs an intelligent analysis of the monitored data and also performs additional automated commissioning of HVAC components and systems, identifying faults, diagnosing them, and evaluating the potential energy efficiency improvements. The process is completed by sending detailed comprehensive reports to the user. This paper also includes an example showing how an automated BEMS-assisted commissioning tool can potentially be applied to improve the energy performance of variable-air-volume fan systems.

Choiniere, D.; Corsi, M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Thermoelectric materials development. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A systematic search for advanced thermoelectric materials was initiated at JPL several years ago to evaluate candidate materials which includes consideration of the following property attributes: (1) semiconducting properties; (2) large Seebeck coefficient; (3) high carrier mobility and high electrical conductivity; (4) low lattice thermal conductivity; and (5) chemical stability and low vapor pressure. Through this candidate screening process, JPL identified several families of materials as promising candidates for improved thermoelectric materials including the skutterudite family. There are several programs supporting various phases of the effort on these materials. As part of an ongoing effort to develop skutterudite materials with lower thermal conductivity values, several solid solutions and filled skutterudite materials were investigated under the effort sponsored by DOE. The efforts have primarily focused on: (1) study of existence and properties of solid solutions between the binary compounds CoSb{sub 3} and IrSb{sub 3}, and RuSb{sub 2}Te, and (2) CeFe{sub 4{minus}x}Sb{sub 12} based filled compositions. For the solid solutions, the lattice thermal conductivity reduction was expected to be reduced by the introduction of the Te and Ru atoms while in the case of CeFe{sub 4{minus}x}Ru{sub x}Sb{sub 12} based filled compositions. For the solid solutions, the lattice thermal conductivity reduction was expected to be reduced by the introduction of the Te and Ru atoms while in the case of CeFe{sub 4{minus}x}Ru{sub x}Sb{sub 12} filled compositions, the reduction would be caused by the rattling of Ce atoms located in the empty voids of the skutterudite structure and the substitution of Fe for Ru. The details of the sample preparation and characterization of their thermoelectric properties are reported in this report.

Fleurial, J.P.; Caillat, T.; Borshchevsky, A.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

High-Efficiency Solid State Cooling Technologies: Non-Equilibrium Asymmetic Thermoelectrics (NEAT) Devices  

SciTech Connect

BEETIT Project: Sheetak is developing a thermoelectric-based solid state cooling system to replace typical air conditioners that use vapor compression to cool air. With noisy mechanical components, vapor compression systems use a liquid refrigerant to circulate within the air conditioner, absorb heat, and pump the heat out into the external environment. With no noisy moving parts or polluting refrigerants, thermoelectric systems rely on an electrical current being passed through the junction of the two different conducting materials to change temperature. Using advanced semiconductor technology, Sheetak is improving solid state cooling systems by using proprietary thermoelectric materials along with other innovations to achieve significant energy efficiency. Sheetak’s new design displaces compressor-based technology; improves reliability; and decreases energy usage. Sheetak’s use of semiconductor manufacturing methods leads to less material use—facilitating cheaper production.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Silicon-Based Thermoelectrics: Harvesting Low Quality Heat Using Economically Printed Flexible Nanostructured Stacked Thermoelectric Junctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: UIUC is experimenting with silicon-based materials to develop flexible thermoelectric devices—which convert heat into energy—that can be mass-produced at low cost. A thermoelectric device, which resembles a computer chip, creates electricity when a different temperature is applied to each of its sides. Existing commercial thermoelectric devices contain the element tellurium, which limits production levels because tellurium has become increasingly rare. UIUC is replacing this material with microscopic silicon wires that are considerably cheaper and could be equally effective. Improvements in thermoelectric device production could return enough wasted heat to add up to 23% to our current annual electricity production.

None

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium commercial buildings in California Title Ventilation, temperature, and HVAC characteristics in small and medium commercial buildings in California Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Refereed Year of Publication 2012 Authors Bennett, Deborah H., William J. Fisk, Michael G. Apte, X. Wu, Amber L. Trout, David Faulkner, and Douglas P. Sullivan Journal Indoor Air Volume 22 Issue 4 Pagination 309-20 Abstract This field study of 37 small and medium commercial buildings throughout California obtained information on ventilation rate, temperature, and heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system characteristics. The study included seven retail establishments; five restaurants; eight offices; two each of gas stations, hair salons, healthcare facilities, grocery stores, dental offices, and fitness centers; and five other buildings. Fourteen (38%) of the buildings either could not or did not provide outdoor air through the HVAC system. The air exchange rate averaged 1.6 (s.d. = 1.7) exchanges per hour and was similar between buildings with and without outdoor air supplied through the HVAC system, indicating that some buildings have significant leakage or ventilation through open windows and doors. Not all buildings had sufficient air exchange to meet ASHRAE 62.1 Standards, including buildings used for fitness centers, hair salons, offices, and retail establishments. The majority of the time, buildings were within the ASHRAE temperature comfort range. Offices were frequently overcooled in the summer. All of the buildings had filters, but over half the buildings had a filter with a minimum efficiency reporting value rating of 4 or lower, which are not very effective for removing fine particles. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Most U.S. commercial buildings (96%) are small- to medium-sized, using nearly 18% of the country's energy, and sheltering a large population daily. Little is known about the ventilation systems in these buildings. This study found a wide variety of ventilation conditions, with many buildings failing to meet relevant ventilation standards. Regulators may want to consider implementing more complete building inspections at commissioning and point of sale.

319

Thermoelectric generator cooling system and method of control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus is provided that includes a thermoelectric generator and an exhaust gas system operatively connected to the thermoelectric generator to heat a portion of the thermoelectric generator with exhaust gas flow through the thermoelectric generator. A coolant system is operatively connected to the thermoelectric generator to cool another portion of the thermoelectric generator with coolant flow through the thermoelectric generator. At least one valve is controllable to cause the coolant flow through the thermoelectric generator in a direction that opposes a direction of the exhaust gas flow under a first set of operating conditions and to cause the coolant flow through the thermoelectric generator in the direction of exhaust gas flow under a second set of operating conditions.

Prior, Gregory P; Meisner, Gregory P; Glassford, Daniel B

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

320

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (http://www.hvac.okstate.edu).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Oklahoma State University (http://www.hvac.okstate.edu). The correct citation for the paper is: Spitler, J.D. 2007. Research Planning for the HVAC&R Industry. HVAC&R Research 13(5):681- 682. #12;VOLUME 13, NUMBER 5 HVAC&R RESEARCH SEPTEMBER 2007 681 EDITORIAL Research Planning for the HVAC&R Industry Jeffrey D

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Thermoelectrics : material advancements and market applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric properties have been known since the initial discovery in 1821 by Thomas Seebeck, who found that a current flowed at the junction of two dissimilar metals when placed under a temperature differential. This ...

Monreal, Jorge

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Thermoelectric Nanocomposites: Effect of Nanostructures on Lattice ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, This talk will give a brief introduction to thermoelectric phenomena and challenges that these materials ... Colloidal Ag-Pt/TiO2 Nanocomposites for Photocatalysis ... Positron Lifetime Analysis of Polyurea- Nanoclay Composites.

323

Generalized drift-diffusion for microscopic thermoelectricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although thermoelectric elements increasingly incorporate nano-scale features in similar material systems as other micro-electronic devices, the former are described in the language of irreversible thermodynamics while ...

Santhanam, Parthiban

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Modeling water use at thermoelectric power plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The withdrawal and consumption of water at thermoelectric power plants affects regional ecology and supply security of both water and electricity. The existing field data on US power plant water use, however, is of limited ...

Rutberg, Michael J. (Michael Jacob)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Solar thermoelectrics for small scale power generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past two decades, there has been a surge in the research of new thermoelectric (TE) materials, driven party by the need for clean and sustainable power generation technology. Utilizing the Seebeck effect, the ...

Amatya, Reja

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

SP-100 thermoelectric-electromagnetic pump review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report contains vugraphs of a presentation on thermoelectric-electromagnetic pumps. It contains: engineering drawings; summary of rectangular TEMP results and comparison with GE predictions; and results of optimization study.

NONE

1988-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

327

Semiclassical model for thermoelectric transport in nanocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanocomposites (NCs) has recently been proposed and experimentally demonstrated to be potentially high-efficiency thermoelectric materials by reducing the thermal conductivity through phonon-interface scattering and possibly ...

Zhou, Jun

328

Device testing and characterization of thermoelectric nanocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has become evident in recent years that developing clean, sustainable energy technologies will be one of the world's greatest challenges in the 21st century. Thermoelectric materials can potentially make a contribution ...

Muto, Andrew (Andrew Jerome)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Optimal Bandwidth for High Efficiency Thermoelectrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) in narrow conduction bands of different material dimensionalities is investigated for different carrier scattering models. When the bandwidth is zero, the transport distribution ...

Zhou, Jun

330

Theoretical efficiency of solar thermoelectric energy generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates the theoretical efficiency of solar thermoelectric generators (STEGs). A model is established including thermal concentration in addition to optical concentration. Based on the model, the maximum ...

Chen, Gang

331

HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project HVAC Optimized Heat Exchangers Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) optimized heat exchangers. The information generated in this study will demonstrate performance improvements that can be achieved through optimization of refrigerant circuitry for non-uniform inlet air distribution. The tubing circuitry on fin-tube heat exchangers used in residential space-conditioning systems is typically designed assuming uniform airflow through the finned passageways. However, the air flow in installed systems is highly non-uniform, resulting in mismatched refrigerant-air heat transfer that reduces the capacity of the heat exchanger and efficiency of

332

HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project HVAC Radial Air Bearing Heat Exchangers Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) radial air bearing heat exchangers. Rotary air bearing heat exchanger technology simultaneously solves four long standing problems of conventional "fan-plus-finned-heat-sink" heat exchangers. Project Description This project seeks to design, fabricate, and test successive generations of prototype radial air bearing heat exchanger devices based on lessons learned and further insights into device optimization, computational fluid dynamic studies for parametric optimization and determination of scaling laws, and laboratory measurement of flow field and heat transfer

333

Optimizing HVAC Control to Improve Building Comfort and Energy Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates the benefits of optimal control in well-designed and operated buildings using a case study. The case study building was built in 2001. The HVAC and control systems have been installed with state-of-the-art equipment which include a terminal box temperature integrated minimum airflow reset. The building has been used and operated based on the design intents. This paper presents both the existing and the optimal control schedules, which include the VAV box operation schedule, AHUs optimal control, chiller and chilled water pump control, and boiler and hot water pump control. The measured hourly HVAC electricity consumption shows that annual savings of up to 40% can be achieved with an optimal control schedule.

Song, L.; Joo, I.; Dong, D.; Liu, M.; Wang, J.; Hansen, K.; Quiroz, L.; Swiatek, A.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Quantitative Methods for Comparing Different HVAC Control Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimentally comparing the energy usage and comfort characteristics of different controllers in heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems is difficult because variations in weather and occupancy conditions preclude the possibility of establishing equivalent experimental conditions across the order of hours, days, and weeks. This paper is concerned with defining quantitative metrics of energy usage and occupant comfort, which can be computed and compared in a rigorous manner that is capable of determining whether differences between controllers are statistically significant in the presence of such environmental fluctuations. Experimental case studies are presented that compare two alternative controllers (a schedule controller and a hybrid system learning-based model predictive controller) to the default controller in a building-wide HVAC system. Lastly, we discuss how our proposed methodology may also be able to quantify the efficiency of other building automation systems.

Aswani, Anil; Taneja, Jay; Krioukov, Andrew; Culler, David; Tomlin, Claire

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement technologies Title Outdoor airflow into HVAC systems: An evaluation of measurement technologies Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-53834 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Fisk, William J., David Faulkner, Douglas P. Sullivan, and William W. Delp Abstract During the last few years, new technologies have been introduced for measuring the flow rates of outdoor air (OA) into HVAC systems; however, an evaluation of these measurement technologies has not previously been published. This document describes a test system and protocols developed for controlled evaluation of these measurement technologies. The results of tests of three measurement technologies are also summarized. The test system and protocol were judged practical and very useful. The test results indicate that one measurement technology can measure OA flow rates with errors of 20% or less without a field-based calibration, as long as the OA velocities are sufficient to provide an accurately measurable pressure signal. The test results for a second measurement technology are similar; however, a difficult field-based calibration relating the OA flow rate with the pressure signal would be required to reduce errors below approximately 30%. The errors in OA flow rates measured with the third measurement technology, that uses six electronic airspeed sensors downstream of the OA inlet louver, exceeded 100%; however, these errors could be substantially reduced through a difficult field based calibration. The effects of wind on the accuracy of these measurement technologies still needs to be evaluated

336

Indoor Air Quality Primer for HVAC System Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are major energy users in commercial and institutional buildings. Increased ventilation for acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ), besides increasing energy use, may result in unacceptably high indoor humidity, particularly in humid climates and/or applications requiring high ventilation rates. This report analyzes how increased ventilation affects the dehumidification capabilities of air conditioning systems in three applications -- offices, retail...

2002-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

337

Computer program for conducting acoustical analyses of HVAC systems.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An interactive Windows?based computer program has been developed that can be used to conduct complete acoustical analyses of HVAC systems. The program can be used to track sound from a HVACsound source such as a fan to a room. Both sound from a single path between a sound source and room or from multiple paths between a sound source and room can be investigated. The program has a full set of editing features that include change

Douglas D. Reynolds; Scott C. Mitchell

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Two Alabama Elementary Schools Get Cool with New HVAC Units | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alabama Elementary Schools Get Cool with New HVAC Units Alabama Elementary Schools Get Cool with New HVAC Units Two Alabama Elementary Schools Get Cool with New HVAC Units October 1, 2010 - 2:05pm Addthis Winston County School District will receive 14 new HVAC units with State Energy Program funding. | File photo Winston County School District will receive 14 new HVAC units with State Energy Program funding. | File photo Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Two public elementary schools receive 14 new HVAC units for classrooms. School district estimates nearly 10 percent in electrical savings with new units. Nineteen Alabama public school districts using Recovery Act grants to save energy and money. Addison Elementary School and Double Springs Elementary School in northwestern Alabama were warm. Some classrooms just didn't cool fast enough. The buildings, which were

339

POTENTIAL THERMOELECTRIC APPLICATIONS IN DIESEL VEHICLES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Novel thermodynamic cycles developed by BSST provide improvements by factors of approximately 2 in cooling, heating and power generation efficiency of solid-state thermoelectric systems. The currently available BSST technology is being evaluated in automotive development programs for important new applications. Thermoelectric materials are likely to become available that further increase performance by a comparable factor. These major advancements should allow the use of thermoelectric systems in new applications that have the prospect of contributing to emissions reduction, fuel economy, and improved user comfort. Potential applications of thermoelectrics in diesel vehicles are identified and discussed. As a case in point, the history and status of the Climate Controlled Seat (CCS) system from Amerigon, the parent of BSST, is presented. CCS is the most successful and highest production volume thermoelectric system in vehicles today. As a second example, the results of recent analyses on electric power generation from vehicle waste heat are discussed. Conclusions are drawn as to the practicality of waste power generation systems that incorporate BSST's thermodynamic cycle and advanced thermoelectric materials.

Crane, D

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

340

Thermoelectric material development. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A search was made for improved TE materials that could have higher efficiency than state-of-the-art SiGe alloys used in Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators. A new family of materials having the skutterudite structure was identified (cubic space group Im3, formula (Fe, Co, Ni)As{sub 3}). Properties of n-type IrSb{sub 3}, CoSb{sub 3}, and their solid solutions were investigated. Pt, Te, Tl, and In were used as dopants. The thermal conductivity was reduced by about 70% for the solid solutions vs the binary compounds. A maximum ZT of about 0.36 was measured on Co-rich solid solutions which is 160% improved over that of the binary compounds.

Vandersande, J.W.; Allevato, C.; Caillat, T.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

High Temperature Integrated Thermoelectric Ststem and Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The final goal of this project is to produce, by the end of Phase II, an all ceramic high temperature thermoelectric module. Such a module design integrates oxide ceramic n-type, oxide ceramic p-type materials as thermoelectric legs and oxide ceramic conductive material as metalizing connection between n-type and p-type legs. The benefits of this all ceramic module are that it can function at higher temperatures (> 700 C), it is mechanically and functionally more reliable and it can be scaled up to production at lower cost. With this all ceramic module, millions of dollars in savings or in new opportunities recovering waste heat from high temperature processes could be made available. A very attractive application will be to convert exhaust heat from a vehicle to reusable electric energy by a thermoelectric generator (TEG). Phase I activities were focused on evaluating potential n-type and p-type oxide compositions as the thermoelectric legs. More than 40 oxide ceramic powder compositions were made and studied in the laboratory. The compositions were divided into 6 groups representing different material systems. Basic ceramic properties and thermoelectric properties of discs sintered from these powders were measured. Powders with different particles sizes were made to evaluate the effects of particle size reduction on thermoelectric properties. Several powders were submitted to a leading thermoelectric company for complete thermoelectric evaluation. Initial evaluation showed that when samples were sintered by conventional method, they had reasonable values of Seebeck coefficient but very low values of electrical conductivity. Therefore, their power factors (PF) and figure of merits (ZT) were too low to be useful for high temperature thermoelectric applications. An unconventional sintering method, Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) was determined to produce better thermoelectric properties. Particle size reduction of powders also was found to have some positive benefits. Two composition systems, specifically 1.0 SrO - 0.8 x 1.03 TiO2 - 0.2 x 1.03 NbO2.5 and 0.97 TiO2 - 0.03 NbO2.5, have been identified as good base line compositions for n-type thermoelectric compositions in future module design. Tests of these materials at an outside company were promising using that company's processing and material expertise. There was no unique p-type thermoelectric compositions identified in phase I work other than several current cobaltite materials. Ca3Co4O9 will be the primary p-type material for the future module design until alternative materials are developed. BaTiO3 and rare earth titanate based dielectric compositions show both p-type and n-type behavior even though their electrical conductivities were very low. Further research and development of these materials for thermoelectric applications is planned in the future. A preliminary modeling and optimization of a thermoelectric generator (TEG) that uses the n-type 1.0 SrO - 1.03 x 0.8 TiO2 - 1.03 x 0.2 NbO2.5 was performed. Future work will combine development of ceramic powders and manufacturing expertise at TAM, development of SPS at TAM or a partner organization, and thermoelectric material/module testing, modeling, optimization, production at several partner organizations.

Mike S. H. Chu

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

342

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the portion of chiller energy usage was significant. It is,Figure 1. Benchmarked HVAC energy usages in a semiconductor2. Benchmarked cleanroom energy usages in a semiconductor

Xu, Tengfang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1-Calculating Loads | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-Calculating Loads HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1-Calculating Loads During this webinar, Building America Research Team IBACOS highlighted the key criteria required to create accurate...

344

Energy and Cost Implications of the Florida Energy Star Residential HVAC Rebate Program.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In July 2010, the Florida’s Governors Energy Office released the Florida ENERGY STAR Residential HVAC Rebate Program. The program was funded by a grant from… (more)

Strauss, Kurt

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Design Analysis and Experimental Investigation of the HVAC System in an IC Circuit Plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??It is the goal of this project to investigate the energy conservation measures which can be adapted in an electronic manufacturing plant HVAC system. Computer… (more)

Chang, I-wei

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

REDESIGN OF HVAC SYSTEM TO IMPROVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF EDUCATIONAL BUILDING.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An energy modeling software was used to analyze the current building configuration and simulations were performed in an attempt to redesign the current HVAC system… (more)

Hagene, Brian Matthew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Quiet unlined HVAC ductwork: Using active silencing to obtain NC?35 in buildings without fibrous materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fan noise in HVAC ducts has traditionally been attenuated with fibrous internal duct liner or with passive silencers constructed with porous fill material. Now

Steve Wise; Lawrence J. Gelin; Kirk G. Burlage; Susan H. Dineen

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1: Calculating Loads | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

: Calculating Loads HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1: Calculating Loads This webinar, presented by IBACOS (a Building America Research Team) will highlight the key criteria required to...

349

Tecniche di machine learning per la ricerca guasti in impianti HVAC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Il corretto funzionamento degli impianti di tipo HVAC (Heating Ventilating and Air Conditioning) di taglia medio/grande, risulta cruciale al fine di garantire un adeguato livello… (more)

Corso, Lorenzo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Dynamic modeling and global optimal operation of multizone variable air volume HVAC systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy conservation and indoor environment concerns have motivated extensive research on various aspects of control of Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) and building systems. The… (more)

Zheng, Guo Rong

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Analysis and modelling of membrane heat exchanger in HVAC energy recovery systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The performance of membrane heat exchangers for HVAC total energy recovery systems was evaluated through experimentation and detailed system modelling. The operating principle of the… (more)

Nasif, Mohammad Shakir

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Assessment of organic compound exposures, thermal comfort parameters, and HVAC system-driven air exchange rates in public school portable classrooms in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPECIFY UNITS) when heat (of HVAC) is turned off?using the heat (from HVAC)? A. B. C. D. January Februaryair conditionmg (from HVAC)? A. B. C. D. January February

Shendell, Derek Garth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Modeling of solar thermal selective surfaces and thermoelectric generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A thermoelectric generator is a solid-state device that converts a heat flux into electrical power via the Seebeck effect. When a thermoelectric generator is inserted between a solar-absorbing surface and a heat sink, a ...

McEnaney, Kenneth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Compositional ordering and stability in nanostructured, bulk thermoelectric alloys.  

SciTech Connect

Thermoelectric materials have many applications in the conversion of thermal energy to electrical power and in solid-state cooling. One route to improving thermoelectric energy conversion efficiency in bulk material is to embed nanoscale inclusions. This report summarize key results from a recently completed LDRD project exploring the science underpinning the formation and stability of nanostructures in bulk thermoelectric and the quantitative relationships between such structures and thermoelectric properties.

Hekmaty, Michelle A.; Faleev, S.; Medlin, Douglas L.; Leonard, F.; Lensch-Falk, J.; Sharma, Peter Anand; Sugar, J. D.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

The Effect of Stoichiometry on the Thermoelectric Properties of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Opacified, Reinforced Aerogel for Thermal Insulation of Thermoelectric Generators and Other Advanced Energy Systems · Oxide Ceramic Materials for ...

356

Conversion system overview assessment. Volume 1: solar thermoelectrics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An assessment of thermoelectrics for solar energy conversion is given. There is significant potential for solar thermoelectrics in solar technologies where collector costs are low; e.g., Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) and solar ponds. Reports of two studies by manufacturers assessing the cost of thermoelectric generators in large scale production are included in the appendix and several new concepts thermoelectric systems are presented. (WHK)

Jayadev, T. S.; Henderson, J.; Finegold, J.; Benson, D.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Enhancing the Thermoelectric Power Factor with Highly Mismatched Isoelectronic Doping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of O impurities on the thermoelectric properties of ZnSe from a combination

Grossman, Jeffrey C.

358

Alloys and Compounds for Thermoelectric and Solar Cell ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium, Alloys and Compounds for Thermoelectric and Solar Cell Applications II.

359

Solid state transport-based thermoelectric converter - Energy ...  

A solid state thermoelectric converter includes a thermally insulating separator layer, ... Advanced Materials; Biomass and Biofuels; Building Energy Efficiency;

360

Recovering Industrial Waste Heat by the Means of Thermoelectricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

]. When waste heat, geothermal heat and solar is the heat source, the cost of thermal input canRecovering Industrial Waste Heat by the Means of Thermoelectricity Spring 2010 Department available thermoelectric modules and to build a thermoelectric power generator demonstration unit

Kjelstrup, Signe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

High three dimensional thermoelectric performance from low dimensional bands  

SciTech Connect

Reduced dimensionality has long been regarded as an important strategy for increasing thermoelectric performance, for example in superlattices and other engineered structures. Here we point out and illustrate by examples that three dimensional bulk materials can be made to behave as if they were two dimensional from the point of view of thermoelectric performance. Implications for the discovery of new practical thermoelectrics are discussed.

Singh, David J [ORNL; Chen, Xin [ORNL; Parker, David S [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Thermoelectric behavior of conducting polymers: On the possibility of off-diagonal thermoelectricity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Non-cubic materials, when structurally aligned, possess sufficient anisotropy to exhibit thermoelectric effects where the electrical and thermal paths can be orthogonal due to off-diagonal thermoelectricity (ODTE). The authors discuss the benefits of this form of thermoelectricity for device applications and describe a search for suitable thermoelectric properties in the air-stable conducting polymers polyaniline and polypyrrole. They find, at 300K for diagonal (ordinary) thermoelectricity (DTE), the general correlation that the logarithm of the electrical conductivity varies linearly with the Seebeck coefficient on doping, but with a proportionality in excess of a prediction from theory. The correlation is unexpected in its universality and unfavorable in its consequences for applications in DTE and ODTE. A standard model suggests that conduction by carriers of both signs occurs in these polymers, which thus leads to reduced thermoelectric efficiency. They also discuss polyacetylene (which is not air-stable), where this ambipolar conduction does not occur, and where properties seem more favorable for thermoelectricity.

Mateeva, N.; Testardi, L. [TecOne, Inc., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Niculescu, H. [TecOne, Inc., Tallahassee, FL (United States)]|[Florida A and M Univ./Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States) Coll. of Engineering; Schlenoff, J. [TecOne, Inc., Tallahassee, FL (United States)]|[Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). Chemistry Dept.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Procedures to identify Energy Conservation Opportunities applied to HVAC system: example of VSD of chilled water pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Procedures to identify Energy Conservation Opportunities applied to HVAC system: example of VSD of HVAC equipment using variable speed drive (VSD) is an Energy Conservation Opportunity (ECO) which can

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

364

Source attenuating HVAC equipment—Just the facts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current classroom designs range from NC 63 to NC 25. The ASA/ANSI 12.60 Classroom Standard sets a relatively low background sound requirement for classrooms. Achieving 12.60 levels economically requires the maximum in source sound attenuation. This paper will provide a manufacturer’s perspective on current and low noiseHVAC products and the resulting classroomsound levels. Predictive acoustics software will be used to predict the space sound power level and some indication of equipment cost will be provided in order to assist designers in what is the best approach to low noiseclassroom design.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Creating a Virtual HVAC Laboratory for Continuing/Distance Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Facilities engineering is one technical field where lab-based continuing education programs can be delivered in a distance learning format. The widespread use of computer controls for optimizing the efficiency of a building's mechanical and electrical systems has made the "distance" element possible. Rather than traveling to individual buildings to make pressure, temperature, and flow measurements in person, facility engineers routinely access performance data over the Internet. This networking capability has been used in an educational setting to deliver interactive technical training to large numbers of undergraduate students and professional facilities engineers. Many students can access real time data from a single piece of HVAC equipment over the Internet.

William J. Hutzel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for Maintenance, Operation and Minor Installation Work for CERN Cooling and HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for Maintenance, Operation and Minor Installation Work for CERN Cooling and HVAC Systems

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

ZonePAC: Zonal Power Estimation and Control via HVAC Metering and Occupant Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating Ventillation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems account for nearly 40% of primary energy consumption by commercial buildings. Yet, these systems by and large operate in an open-loop with the building occupants. While the monitoring and feedback ... Keywords: Energy Estimation, HVAC, Thermostat, User Interface, Variable Air Volume

Bharathan Balaji, Hidetoshi Teraoka, Rajesh Gupta, Yuvraj Agarwal

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

An "ageing" operator and its use in the highly constrained topological optimization of HVAC system design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The synthesis of novel heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC), system configurations is a mixed-integer, non-linear, highly constrained, multi-modal, optimization problem, with many of the constraints being subject to time-varying boundary ... Keywords: HVAC, evolutionary algorithms, system design, topological optimization

Jonathan Wight; Yi Zhang

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Co-design of control algorithm and embedded platform for building HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems is crucial for reducing energy consumption in buildings. As complex cyber-physical systems, HVAC systems involve three closely-related subsystems -- the control algorithm, the physical ... Keywords: building energy efficiency, co-design, platform-based design

Mehdi Maasoumy, Qi Zhu, Cheng Li, Forrest Meggers, Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Airborne Particulate Matter in HVAC Systems and its Influence on Indoor Air Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper first reviews the mechanisms governing movement of PMs in HVAC systems. Then, the basic equations governing PM deposition in ducts are introduced and investigations on airborne PMs distribution in HVAC systems are reviewed. The influence of PMs on indoor air quality and effectiveness of corresponding controlling measures is discussed extensively in the paper. Finally, recommendations for further research are given.

Fu, Z.; Li, N.; Wang, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Review of Pre- and Post-1980 Buildings in CBECS - HVAC Equipment  

SciTech Connect

PNNL was tasked by DOE to look at HVAC systems and equipment for Benchmark buildings based on 2003 CBECS data. This white paper summarizes the results of PNNL’s analysis of 2003 CBECS data and provides PNNL’s recommendations for HVAC systems and equipment for use in the Benchmark buildings.

Winiarski, David W.; Jiang, Wei; Halverson, Mark A.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Feasibility of retrofitting centralized HVAC systems for room-level zoning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating, ventilation, and cooling (HVAC) accounts for 38% of building energy usage, and over 15% of all US energy usage, making it one of the nation's largest energy consumers. Many attempts have been made to optimize the control of HVAC systems by minimizing ... Keywords: sensing,Building energy,wireless sensor networks

Tamim Sookoor; Brian Holben; Kamin Whitehouse

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Anneng Thermoelectricity Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anneng Thermoelectricity Group Anneng Thermoelectricity Group Jump to: navigation, search Name Anneng Thermoelectricity Group Place Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Zip 430071 Sector Biomass Product China-based biomass project developer. Coordinates 30.572399°, 114.279121° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.572399,"lon":114.279121,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

374

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 535 HVAC filters as "passive" samplers: fate analysis of indoor particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 535 HVAC filters as "passive" samplers: fate analysis: fedenoris@mail.utexas.edu SUMMARY To assess the potential use of HVAC filters as passive indoor samplers, exfiltration, and capture in the HVAC filter. The results suggest that large particles are likely to deposit

Siegel, Jeffrey

375

Simulation of Control Options for HVAC Management of a Typical Office Julien CAILLET julien.caillet@mines-paristech.fr  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulation of Control Options for HVAC Management of a Typical Office Building. Julien CAILLET thermal comfort and to reduce energy consumption of buildings. Among defect correction, HVAC control appears as a way of significant improvement. HVAC control is examined by using a dynamic simulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

376

7/11/00-draft copy: do not quote 1 of 30 New Technologies for Residential HVAC Ducts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7/11/00-draft copy: do not quote 1 of 30 New Technologies for Residential HVAC Ducts Burke Treidler is not evaluated and HVAC contractors overcome duct system shortcomings by installing oversized equipment Technologies for Residential HVAC Ducts fittings with some use of ductboard. Fittings that snap together were

377

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 53, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2005 335 On the Capacity Limits of HVAC Duct Channel for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of HVAC Duct Channel for High-Speed Internet Access Ariton E. Xhafa, Member, IEEE, Ozan K. Tonguz, Member and experimental channel-capacity estimates of heating, ventilation, and air condi- tioning (HVAC) ducts based suppressed. Our experimental results also show that even in the case of more complex HVAC duct networks (i

Stancil, Daniel D.

378

1736 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 51, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2003 Impulse Response of the HVAC Duct as a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the HVAC Duct as a Communication Channel Pavel V. Nikitin, Member, IEEE, Daniel D. Stancil, Senior Member (HVAC) ducts in buildings behave as multimode waveguides when excited at radio frequencies and thus, can of a usual indoor propagation channel. In this paper, we describe physical mechanisms which affect the HVAC

Hochberg, Michael

379

ETME 422 -REFRIGERATION & HVAC SYSTEMS FALL 2011 LEC -10:00 -10:50am M W F RH 312  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10/31/2011 ETME 422 - REFRIGERATION & HVAC SYSTEMS FALL 2011 LEC - 10:00 - 10:50am M W F RH 312 Catalog Description ETME 422 PRINCIPLES OF HVAC I F 3 cr. LEC 3 PREREQUISITE: EMEC 320 or EGEN 324. -- Refrigeration and heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) for comfort and industrial applications

Dyer, Bill

380

Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBL-34045 UC-1600 Residential HVAC Data, Assumptions and Methodology for End-Use Forecasting-uses include Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC). Our analysis uses the modeling framework provided by the HVAC module in the Residential End-Use Energy Planning System (REEPS), which was developed

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Predicting of fan speed for energy saving in HVAC system based on adaptive network based fuzzy inference system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a HVAC (heating, ventilating and air-conditioning) system has two different zones was designed and fan motor speed to minimize energy consumption of the HVAC system was controlled by a conventional (proportional-integral-derivative) PID ... Keywords: ANFIS, Air flow control, Energy saving, Fan motor speed predicting, HVAC system, PID control, Temperature control

Servet Soyguder; Hasan Alli

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Development of New HVAC Design Tools: Search for the Holy Grail of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of New HVAC Design Tools: Search for the Holy Grail of Development of New HVAC Design Tools: Search for the Holy Grail of Ventilation Research Speaker(s): Jelena Srebric Date: January 29, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: William Fisk HVAC systems are very important to our wellbeing, energy, and the environment. Current design tools are typically supported by basic knowledge, and keep us at arm's length from the many practical problems. The design paradigm has been shifted several times in the past from thermal comfort, energy conservation, health concerns, and now probably to security issues. Each of the shift has required better design tools of HVAC systems.A team led by Dr. Jelena Srebric at the Department of Architecture, the Penn State University (PSU) is developing new HVAC design tools to meet

383

Direct Digital Control- A Tool for Energy Management of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct digital control (DDC) applied to heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems corrects many of the deficiencies of conventional automatic temperature control systems. By applying new control sequences, DDC optimizes HVAC energy use. DDC can reduce HVAC operation and maintenance time and provide the environmental conditions needed to maximize production. DDC technology uses standalone, microprocessor based controllers. Controllers directly sense and process control variables (e.g. temperature, pressure) and provide a control signal to an actuator. Personal computers provide remote or local access to the digital controllers and give HVAC mechanics, energy managers, and facility engineers capabilities that conventional control systems do not offer. This paper discusses the most common deficiencies of conventionally controlled HVAC systems, advantages of DOC systems, and a case study retrofit from pneumatic control to digital control.

Swanson, K.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Heilongjiang Mudanjiang Nongken Xinneng Thermoelectric Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mudanjiang Nongken Xinneng Thermoelectric Co Ltd Mudanjiang Nongken Xinneng Thermoelectric Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Heilongjiang Mudanjiang Nongken Xinneng Thermoelectric Co., Ltd. Place Mishan, Heilongjiang Province, China Zip 158308 Sector Biomass Product Heilongjiang-based developer of a CDM biomass plant. References Heilongjiang Mudanjiang Nongken Xinneng Thermoelectric Co., Ltd.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Heilongjiang Mudanjiang Nongken Xinneng Thermoelectric Co., Ltd. is a company located in Mishan, Heilongjiang Province, China . References ↑ "[ Heilongjiang Mudanjiang Nongken Xinneng Thermoelectric Co., Ltd.]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Heilongjiang_Mudanjiang_Nongken_Xinneng_Thermoelectric_Co_Ltd&oldid=346439"

385

Segregated Network Polymer-Carbon Nanotubes Composites For Thermoelectrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymers are intrinsically poor thermal conductors, which are ideal for thermoelectrics, but low electrical conductivity and thermopower have excluded them as feasible candidates as thermoelectric materials in the past. However, recent progress in polymer technology, particularly nanomaterial-polymer composites, can bring them into degenerate semiconductor or metallic regimes by incorporating a small amount of conductive filler. I demonstrate that such polymer nanocomposites can be viable for light-weight and economical thermoelectrics by using a segregated network approach for the nanocomposite synthesis. The thermoelectric properties were further improved by a change of stabilizer and drying conditions. The thermoelectric properties of the segregated network nanocomposites were measured for carbon nanotubes and the thermoelectric figure of merit, ZT, was calculated at room temperature. The influence on thermoelectric properties from filler concentration, stabilizer materials and drying condition are also discussed.

Kim, Dasaroyong

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Thermoelectric refrigerator having improved temperature-stabilization means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control system for thermoelectric refrigerators is disclosed. The thermoelectric refrigerator includes at least one thermoelectric element that undergoes a first order change at a predetermined critical temperature. The element functions as a thermoelectric refrigerator element above the critical temperature but discontinuously ceases to function as a thermoelectric refrigerator element below the critical temperature. One example of such an arrangement includes thermoelectric refrigerator elements which are superconductors. The transition temperature of one of the superconductor elements is selected as the temperature control point of the refrigerator. When the refrigerator attempts to cool below the point, the metals become superconductors losing their ability to perform as a thermoelectric refrigerator. An extremely accurate, first-order control is realized.

Falco, C.M.

1981-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

387

Alkaline earth filled nickel skutterudite antimonide thermoelectrics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric material including a body centered cubic filled skutterudite having the formula A.sub.xFe.sub.yNi.sub.zSb.sub.12, where A is an alkaline earth element, x is no more than approximately 1.0, and the sum of y and z is approximately equal to 4.0. The alkaline earth element includes guest atoms selected from the group consisting of Be, Mb, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra and combinations thereof. The filled skutterudite is shown to have properties suitable for a wide variety of thermoelectric applications.

Singh, David Joseph

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

388

Holey Silicon as an Efficient Thermoelectric Material  

SciTech Connect

This work investigated the thermoelectric properties of thin silicon membranes that have been decorated with high density of nanoscopic holes. These ?holey silicon? (HS) structures were fabricated by either nanosphere or block-copolymer lithography, both of which are scalable for practical device application. By reducing the pitch of the hexagonal holey pattern down to 55 nm with 35percent porosity, the thermal conductivity of HS is consistently reduced by 2 orders of magnitude and approaches the amorphous limit. With a ZT value of 0.4 at room temperature, the thermoelectric performance of HS is comparable with the best value recorded in silicon nanowire system.

Tang, Jinyao; Wang, Hung-Ta; Hyun Lee, Dong; Fardy, Melissa; Huo, Ziyang; Russell, Thomas P.; Yang, Peidong

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

389

Inverted Attic Bulkhead for HVAC Ductwork, Roseville, California (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Efficient Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inverted Attic Bulkhead for Inverted Attic Bulkhead for HVAC Ductwork Roseville, California PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Long-Term Monitoring of Occupied Test House Location: Roseville, CA Partners: K. Hovnanian® Homes®, www.khov.com IBACOS www.ibacos.com Building Component: Envelope, structural, HVAC ducts Construction: New Application: New; single and/or multifamily Year Tested: 2012 Applicable Climate Zone(s): Hot-dry climate PERFORMANCE DATA HERS Index: 52 Projected Energy Savings: 11 million Btu/year heating and cooling savings Projected Energy Cost Savings: $116/year Modifying the truss system of a new home to accommodate ductwork within an inverted insulated bulkhead along the attic floor can save energy by placing

390

Thermal storage HVAC system retrofit provides economical air conditioning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes an EMS-controlled HVAC system that meets the ventilation and cooling needs of an 18,000-seat indoor ice hockey arena. The Buffalo Memorial Auditorium (affectionately referred to as the Aud) was built in 1937 under the Works Project Administration of the federal government. Its original configuration included a 12,000-seat arena with an ice skating rink. By the late 1980s, the city was unsuccessfully attempting to attract events and tenants to the auditorium, which lacked air conditioning and other modern amenities. Thus, it was decided to renovate the facility to make it marketable. The first phase of the renovation included installing an air-conditioning system in the arena and repairing the existing building systems that were inoperable because of deferred maintenance. After considering the existing conditions (such as size of the space, intermittent usage, construction restrictions, operating budgets and the limited operations staff), the engineering team designed an innovative HVAC system. The system's features include: a carbon dioxide monitoring device that controls the intake of outside air; an ice storage system that provides chilled water and shifts electrical demand to off-peak hours; and a design that uses the building mass as a heat sink. A new energy management system (EMS) determines building cooling needs based on the type of event, ambient conditions and projected audience size. Then, it selects the most economical method to obtain the desired arena temperature.

Smith, S.F. (Wendel Engineers, P.C., Buffalo, NY (United States))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Avoiding low frequency noise in packaged HVAC equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this article is to help those involved in the design and commissioning of packaged HVAC systems to understand the root causes of low frequency noise problems and how to avoid many of them at the design stage. In the 1980's, two things happened to dramatically change the types of noise problems encountered in typical new construction. The first was the introduction of new energy regulations that favored variable air volume (VAV) distribution systems over constant volume air distribution systems. A by-product of VAV design is that mid- and high frequency sound pressure levels produced by current air terminal devices and diffusers in many applications are significantly lower than in the past. The second factor was a trend away from the use of built-up central station fan equipment in favor of packaged, floor-by-floor air handlers or rooftop units. As a result, today's HVAC system noise problems are not confined to just the roar and hiss of the past, but now include intense low frequency rumble and time modulation. Indeed, most current noise problems in modern buildings occur in the frequency range well below 250 Hz. A large fraction of these are a result of the dominant sound pressure levels in the 12 to 40 Hz region. These factors, combined with a substantial increase in the level of low frequency sound from the rest of the system, can produce a non-neutral, time modulated, rumbly sounding background noise that many people find objectionable.

Ebbing, C.E. (Carrier Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States). Commercial Unitary Division); Blazier, W.E.Jr. (Warren Blazier Associates, San Francisco, CA (United States))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Titanium nitride electrodes for thermoelectric generators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is directed to a composite article suitable for use in thermoelectric generators. The article comprises a thin film of titanium nitride as an electrode deposited onto solid electrolyte. The invention is also directed to the method of making same.

Novak, Robert F. (Farmington Hills, MI); Schmatz, Duane J. (Dearborn Heights, MI); Hunt, Thomas K. (Ann Arbor, MI)

1987-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

393

Thermoelectric devices and applications for the same  

SciTech Connect

High performance thin film thermoelectric couples and methods of making the same are disclosed. Such couples allow fabrication of at least microwatt to watt-level power supply devices operating at voltages greater than one volt even when activated by only small temperature differences.

DeSteese, John G [Kennewick, WA; Olsen, Larry C [Richland, WA; Martin, Peter M [Kennewick, WA

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

394

Automated Weld Characterization Using The Thermoelectric Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, we examine a seldom used approach based on the thermoelectric (TE) effect for characterizing welds and their associated heat affected zone (HAZ). The thermoelectric method monitors the thermoelectric power which is sensitive to small changes in the kinetics of the conduction electrons near the Fermi surface that can be caused by changes in the local microstructure. The technique has been applied to metal sorting, quality testing, flaw detection, thickness gauging of layers, and microscopic structural analysis[1-6]. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the technique for characterizing welds, a series of tungsten-inert-gas welded Inconel-718 samples were scanned with a computer controlled TE probe. The samples were then analyzed using a scanning electron microscope and Rockwell hardness tests to characterize the weld and the associated HAZ. We then correlated the results with the TE measurements to provide quantitative information on the size of the HAZ and the degree of hardness of the material in the weld region. This provides potentially valuable information on the strength and fatigue life of the weld. We begin the paper by providing a brief review of the TE technique and then highlight some of the factors that can effect the measurements. Next, we provide an overview of the experimental procedure and discuss the results. Finally, we summarize our findings and consider areas for future research. INTRODUCTION TO THERMOELECTRICITY The thermoelectric technique is based on an effect first discovered by Seebeck in 1822. Seebeck found that when two dissimilar conductors A and B make a circuit a current will flow when the junctions of the two conductors are at different temperatures (Fig. 1). The Seebeck effect occurs because at the hot end, electrons are excited ...

J. P. Fulton; B. Wincheski; M. Namkung

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Application of Various HVAC Simulation Programs and Visual Tools to Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Various existing HVAC system simulation programs and visualization tools are considered to be potentially powerful tools for commissioning. Although not originally developed as commissioning tools, these programs facilitate the confirmation/comparison of HVAC system function and performance and enable detailed analysis of parameters influencing HVAC system performance. This paper investigates the functionality and ease of use of several such programs in support of the commissioning process. The investigation and assessment of simulation programs includes: Micro HASP, Micro ACSS, FACES, LCEM, HVACSIM+, TRNSYS, DOE-2, EnergyPlus and DeST and their visual tools.

Zheng, M.; Pan, S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Building America Expert Meeting Report: Transitioning Traditional HVAC Contractors to Whole House Performance Contractors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report outlines findings resulting from a U.S. Department of Energy Building America expert meeting to determine how HVAC companies can transition from a traditional contractor status to a service provider for whole house energy upgrade contracting. IBACOS has embarked upon a research effort under the Building America Program to understand business impacts and change management strategies for HVAC companies. HVAC companies can implement these strategies in order to quickly transition from a 'traditional' heating and cooling contractor to a service provider for whole house energy upgrade contracting. Due to HVAC service contracts, which allow repeat interaction with homeowners, HVAC companies are ideally positioned in the marketplace to resolve homeowner comfort issues through whole house energy upgrades. There are essentially two primary ways to define the routes of transition for an HVAC contractor taking on whole house performance contracting: (1) Sub-contracting out the shell repair/upgrade work; and (2) Integrating the shell repair/upgrade work into their existing business. IBACOS held an Expert Meeting on the topic of Transitioning Traditional HVAC Contractors to Whole House Performance Contractors on March 29, 2011 in San Francisco, CA. The major objectives of the meeting were to: Review and validate the general business models for traditional HVAC companies and whole house energy upgrade companies Review preliminary findings on the differences between the structure of traditional HVAC Companies and whole house energy upgrade companies Seek industry input on how to structure information so it is relevant and useful for traditional HVAC contractors who are transitioning to becoming whole house energy upgrade contractors Seven industry experts identified by IBACOS participated in the session along with one representative from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The objective of the meeting was to validate the general operational profile of an integrated whole house performance contracting company and identify the most significant challenges facing a traditional HVAC contractor looking to transition to a whole house performance contractor. To facilitate the discussion, IBACOS divided the business operations profile of a typical integrated whole house performance contracting company (one that performs both HVAC and shell repair/upgrade work) into seven Operational Areas with more detailed Business Functions and Work Activities falling under each high-level Operational Area. The expert panel was asked to review the operational profile or 'map' of the Business Functions. The specific Work Activities within the Business Functions identified as potential transition barriers were rated by the group relative to the value in IBACOS creating guidance ensuring a successful transition and the relative difficulty in executing.

Burdick, A.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1: Calculating Loads  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building America Building America Presented by: Mike Gestwick - National Renewable Energy Laboratory Arlan Burdick, Anthony Grisolia - IBACOS, a Building America Research Team HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1: Calculating Loads Thursday, April 28 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Eastern Building Technologies Program Mike Gestwick michael.gestwick@nrel.gov Building America: Introduction April 28, 2011 Introduction to Building America * Reduce energy use in new and existing residential buildings * Promote building science and systems engineering / integration approach * "Do no harm": Ensure safety, health and durability are maintained or improved * Accelerate adoption of high performance technologies www.buildingamerica.gov 15 Industry Research Teams Habitat Cost Effective Energy Retrofit Program

398

Commercial Building HVAC Energy Usage in Semi-Tropical Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of heating and cooling equipment in semi-tropical climates presents some design considerations and limitations not so prevalent in temperate climates. In some cases, the heating season may be non-existent for all practical purposes. Another consideration is the high ventilation loads due to cooling the moist air prevalent in semi-tropical climates. This paper describes a computer program which assesses all the pertinent variables which comprise the annual heating and cooling energy requirements for commercial buildings. It is then suggested that this computer program would be valuable in determining the changes one could expect in annual energy usage by varying certain building design parameters. Secondly, a small office building actually constructed in Central Florida in which the author designed the Heating and Cooling HVAC system is described. Tradeoffs are presented showing the effects of changes in these building design parameters.

Worbs, H. E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Revised noise criteria for design and rating of HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews current methods of rating the noise produced by HVAC systems and explains why these ratings fail to be correlated with subjective opinion in many cases. An entirely new method of assigning noise ratings is proposed which is expected to provide a significantly better correlation between objective measurements and subjective response. The proposed new rating method makes use of a revised set of noise criterion curves (RC curves) which appeared for the first time in Chap. 35 of the 1980 Systems Volume of the ASHRAE Handbook. This paper also discusses the technical considerations leading to the development of the RC curves as a replacement for the NC curves which have been used in the past.

Warren E. Blazier Jr.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Co-simulation of innovative integrated HVAC systems in buildings  

SciTech Connect

Integrated performance simulation of buildings HVAC systems can help in reducing energy consumption and increasing occupant comfort. However, no single building performance simulation (BPS) tool offers sufficient capabilities and flexibilities to analyze integrated building systems and to enable rapid prototyping of innovative building and system technologies. One way to alleviate this problem is to use co-simulation, as an integrated approach to simulation. This article elaborates on issues important for co-simulation realization and discusses multiple possibilities to justify the particular approach implemented in the here described co-simulation prototype. The prototype is validated with the results obtained from the traditional simulation approach. It is further used in a proof-of-concept case study to demonstrate the applicability of the method and to highlight its benefits. Stability and accuracy of different coupling strategies are analyzed to give a guideline for the required coupling time step.

Trcka, Marija; Hensena, Jan L.M.; Wetter, Michael

2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Occupancy sensors for HVAC gaining in hotel industry  

SciTech Connect

The hotel industry is overcoming its skepticism as occupancy sensors with built-in thermistors to control heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) units demonstrate their ability to cut energy costs as much as 30%. Despite the successful demonstrations and acceptance by Holiday Inn, some hotel managers of other chains continue to resist. Occupancy sensors have either ultrasonic or infrared signals, but differ from lighting control devices by also having internal thermistors and remote door switches. This allows the rooms to reach comfort levels only when the guest is present since occupants are only minimally affected if temperatures are modified during unoccupied periods. The system works best for roadside-type motels rather than convention hotels, where occupants are in and out of their rooms.

Ladd, C.

1985-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

402

Development of Heusler-type Fe 2 VAl alloys for thermoelectric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, A Heusler alloy, Fe2VAl, is a promising candidate for thermoelectric power generation because of its high thermoelectric power ...

403

Low Cost High Performance Generator Technology Program. Volume 3. Component development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The status of the component development effort both in the thermoelectric module area and in the heat source task is reported. In addition, related efforts by outside facilities are identified and a bibliography of heat source development documents is presented.

Not Available

1975-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Recent Metrology Research of Thermoelectric Materials at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On-Site Speaker (Planned), Winnie Wong-Ng. Abstract Scope, The increased interest in research and development on thermoelectric materials in recent years is ...

405

Solution)BasedHybridThermoelectric!Materials! ! ! April!4 !2013!  

thermoelectric! technologies! and! offer! a potentially! clean! source! of! energy! to! reduce! fuel! ... how!future!public!policy!will!mandate!LED!us ...

406

The Feasibility of Thermoelectric Power Generation: Linking Materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contact Us Department Contacts Media Contacts The Feasibility of Thermoelectric Power Generation: Linking Materials, Systems, and Cost Speaker(s): Saniya LeBlanc Date:...

407

Thermoelectricity in Molecular Junctions Science 315, 1568 (2007);  

DOI: 10.1126/science.1137149 Science 315, 1568 (2007); Pramod Reddy, et al. Thermoelectricity in Molecular Junctions www.sciencemag.org (this ...

408

Design of Bulk Nanocomposites as High Efficiency Thermoelectric...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

structure as the host material breaks thermoelectric efficiency records by blocking thermal, but not electrical, conductivity. Significance and Impact A new strategy to design...

409

The Role of Spark Plasma Sintering in Thermoelectric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, The Role of Spark Plasma Sintering in Thermoelectric Nanocomposites: Effect of Nanostructures on Lattice Thermal Conductivity. Author(s) ...

410

Studies of Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials and Devices for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... into thermoelectric devices to show excellent power generation and cooling ... Property in Grain Boundary Character Distribution-Optimized Ni-based Alloy.

411

Influence of Milling Time on Microstructure and Thermoelectric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Influence of Milling Time on Microstructure and Thermoelectric Properties of p-Type Bi2Te3 Alloys. Author(s), Madavali Babu, Hyo Seob Kim, ...

412

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A solar tracker and concentrator was designed and assembled for the purpose of cogeneration of thermal power and electrical power using thermoelectric technology. A BiTe… (more)

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Liquidus Projection of Thermoelectric Ag-Sn-Te Ternary System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Liquidus Projection of Thermoelectric Ag-Sn-Te Ternary ... Ag Decorated Al Nanoparticles as Novel Ink Materials for Printed Electronics ...

414

FORMATION OF THERMOELECTRIC ELEMENTS BY NET SHAPE SINTERING ...  

The net shape powder processing is adapted for the ready incorporation of the net shape thermoelectric elements into a ... Advanced Materials; Biomass and Biofuels;

415

Mismatched Alloys are a Good Match for Thermoelectrics - NERSC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

without much reduction of electric conductivity, which is not the case for conventional thermoelectric materials," he says. Collaborating with Wu on this work were Joo-Hyoung Lee...

416

Thermoelectric effect in very thin film Pt/Au thermocouples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thin films, the electrical resistivity ratio ? F /? B is BStudies of the electrical resistivity of metallic films [23,calculate the electrical resistivity and the thermoelectric

Salvadori, M.C.; Vaz, A.R.; Teixeira, F.S.; Cattani, M.; Brown, I.G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Alloys and Compounds for Thermoelectric and Solar Cell Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2012 ... TMS: Energy Conversion and Storage Committee ... of the alloys and compounds used in the thermoelectric and solar cell devices. Materials of ...

418

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SANTA CRUZ THERMOELECTRICS COMBINEDsystem in Burbank, California. Figure 2.6: Front panel andthermal system in Burbank, California. previously discussed.

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Ultrasonic examination techniques for multicouple thermoelectric subcomponents and assemblies: Status report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since the early 1960s, the United States has been using radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), developed by the US Department of Energy and its predecessors, for a variety of environments including space. A recent concept in building RTGs uses modular components to allow for an advanced, lighter space mission generator that provides scaled power level outputs. The scalability feature of the modular isotopic thermoelectric generator (MITG) represents a major advance over earlier RTG designs. However, special problems are encountered in applying nondestructive testing methods because of the miniature size of parts that require inspection. This report describes the status of ultrasonic inspection methods being developed to examine the subcomponents and assemblies of the; MITG. The principal emphasis has been to evaluate various bonds between subcomponents using ultrasonic techniques that employ focused search units and a pulse-echo method.

Cook, K.V.; McClung, R.W.; Simpson, W.A. Jr.; Cunningham, R.A. Jr.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System October 15, 2012 - 3:19pm Addthis Change your furnace filter to help keep allergies at bay and keep your furnace and air conditioner running efficiently. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/JaniceRichard. Change your furnace filter to help keep allergies at bay and keep your furnace and air conditioner running efficiently. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/JaniceRichard. Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory What does this mean for me? Change your furnace filters every month or two to keep your HVAC equipment operating efficiently. I have unbelievably horrible fall allergies. I've never figured out what

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

What are the Best HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High Performance Homes?"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 26, 2012, and addressed the question What are the best HVAC solutions for low-load, high performance homes?"

422

A model-based fault detection and diagnostic methodology for secondary HVAC systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the U.S., buildings consume 39 % of primary energy, of which, 13.5% is attributed to HVAC systems. Faults, arising from sensors, equipment, and control… (more)

Li, Shun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Control Systems and Applications for HVAC/R, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Unique in combining into one book, the operational and selection characteristics of commonly used control devices with the thermal and response characteristics of HVAC processes. It presents step-by-step techniques for analyzing the ...

Thomas J. Horan

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Development of New HVAC Design Tools: Search for the Holy Grail...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of New HVAC Design Tools: Search for the Holy Grail of Ventilation Research Speaker(s): Jelena Srebric Date: January 29, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host...

425

ASHRAE sound and vibration technical committee position statement on the use of fiberglass in HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fiberglass duct liner continues to be the most cost?effective solutions to noise control in most HVAC air duct systems. There has been a recent increase in the number of institutional

Russell A. Cooper

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Application of computational intelligence in modeling and optimization of HVAC systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? HVAC (Heating Ventilating and Air-Conditioning) system is multivariate, nonlinear, and shares time-varying characteristics. It poses challenges for both system modeling and performance optimization. Traditional… (more)

Li, Mingyang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

A model-based predictive supervisory controller for multi-evaporator HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-evaporator vapor compression cooling systems are representative of the complex, distributed nature of modern HVAC systems. Earlier research efforts focused on the development of a decentralized control architecture for individual evaporators that ...

Matthew S. Elliott; Bryan P. Rasmussen

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

DOE Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is the convening report on the feasibility of a negotiated rulemaking to revise the certification program for commercial HVAC and CRE products published on October 2, 2012.

429

Applying brain emotional learning algorithm for multivariable control of HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we apply a modified version of Brain Emotional Learning (BEL) controller for Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) control system whose multivariable, nonlinear and non-minimum phase nature makes the task difficult. The proposed ...

N. Sheikholeslami; D. Shahmirzadi; E. Semsar; C. Lucas; M. J. Yazdanpanah

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A Hierarchical Rule-Based Fault Detection and Diagnostic Method for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A rule-based, system-level fault detection and diagnostic (FDD) method for HVAC systems was developed. It functions as an interface between multiple, equipment-specific FDD tools and a human operator. The method resolves and prioritizes conflicting fault reports from equipment-specific FDD tools, performs FDD at the system level, and presents an integrated view of an HVAC system’s fault status to an operator. A simulation study to test and evaluate the method was conducted.

Jeffrey Schein; Steven T. Bushby

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

DOE Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products, October 2, 2012 Convening Report on Certification of Commercial HVAC and CRE Products, October 2, 2012 1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CONVENING REPORT ON THE FEASIBILITY OF A NEGOTIATED RULEMAKING TO REVISE THE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR COMMERCIAL HEATING, VENTILATING AIR CONDITIONING AND COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT October 2, 2012 Alan W. Strasser, Esq., MA Convener

432

DESIGN STUDY OF PORTABLE THERMOELECTRIC NUCLEAR SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

Design studies were performed and costs were estimated for an air transportable, 10 Mw(t), pressurized light water thermal circulation reactor, combined with a direct conversion thermoelectric generator and static electrical inversion equipment. This TCR-TE'' concept appears to have potential for ultimate use as a remote unmanned power station. Based on an extrapolation of present reactor technology and on assumed thermoelectric materials properties forecasted to January 1, 1963, a net a-c electrical output of 315 Kw is estimated, assuming the use of 80 deg F local water for cooling purposes. An alternate concept using 80 deg F air for cooling produces 271 Kw, net. These electrical output figures can be improved significantly through a recommended research and development effort. The design and construction of a prototype plant is also recommended. (auth)

Chajson, L.; DelCampo, A.R.; Kellogg, H.B. et al

1961-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Synthesis and evaluation of thermoelectric multilayer films  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The deposition of compositionally modulated (Bi{sub 1-x}Sb{sub x}){sub 2}(Te{sub 1-y}Se{sub y}){sub 3} thermoelectric multilayer films by magnetron sputtering has been demonstrated. Structures with a period of 140{Angstrom} are shown to be stable to interdiffusion at the high deposition temperatures necessary for growth of single layer crystalline films with ZT {gt} 0.5. These multilayers are of the correct dimension to exhibit the electronic properties of quantum well structures. Furthermore it is shown that the Seebeck coefficient of the films is not degraded by the presence of this multilayer structure. It may be possible to synthesize a multilayer thermoelectric material with enhanced ZT by maximizing the barrier height through optimization of the composition of the barrier.

Wagner, A.V.; Foreman, R.J.; Summers, L.J.; Barbee, T.W. Jr.; Farmer, J.C.

1996-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

434

An Evaluation of the HVAC Load Potential for Providing Load Balancing Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the potential of providing aggregated intra-hour load balancing services using heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. A direct-load control algorithm is presented. A temperature-priority-list method is used to dispatch the HVAC loads optimally to maintain consumer-desired indoor temperatures and load diversity. Realistic intra-hour load balancing signals were used to evaluate the operational characteristics of the HVAC load under different outdoor temperature profiles and different indoor temperature settings. The number of HVAC units needed is also investigated. Modeling results suggest that the number of HVACs needed to provide a {+-}1-MW load balancing service 24 hours a day varies significantly with baseline settings, high and low temperature settings, and the outdoor temperatures. The results demonstrate that the intra-hour load balancing service provided by HVAC loads meet the performance requirements and can become a major source of revenue for load-serving entities where the smart grid infrastructure enables direct load control over the HAVC loads.

Lu, Ning

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

435

SNAP-21 program, Phase II. Deep sea radioisotope-fueled thermoelectric generator power supply system. Final design description, 10-watt system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The SNAP-21 10-W system provides electrical power for use under the surface of the sea. It functions by converting the heat from a decaying radioisotope fuel into useful electrical energy. This heat energy is converted into electrical energy by a thermoelectric generator. Semiconductor-type thermoelectric materials, maintained in a temperature gradient, accomplish the conversion. The isotopic fuel supplies heat to the thermoelectric materials and sea water acts as the heat sink to maintain the temperature gradient. Other components are employed to increase efficiency and condition the electrical output to the desired form. The components performing these functions are enclosed in a pressure vessel which protects them from sea water pressure and exposure. No external inputs are required to maintain operation of the system. With this type of mechanically-static, unsupported operation, long life with no maintenance is achieved.

Wickenberg, R.F.; Harris, W.W.

1969-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Thermoelectric figure of merit of LSCoO-Mn perovskites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oxide ceramics with nominal composition of La"0"."8Sr"0"."2Co"1"-"xMn"xO"3(0= Keywords: 72.20.Pa, 84.60.Bk, 84.60.Rb, 85.80.Fi, LSCoO compounds, Thermoelectric figure of merit, Thermoelectric materials

J. E. Rodríguez; D. Cadavid; L. C. Moreno

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

State-of-the-art sports facility's HVAC  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the HVAC systems design to keep Cleveland's new Gateway sports and entertainment complex comfortable. This magnificent new facility embraces the 42,000-seat Jacobs Field, with its natural grass playing surface, and the 21,000-seat Arena at Gateway (the official name will be announced at its August 1 opening). The Arena is the new home of the Cleveland Cavaliers NBA basketball team and the Lumberjacks IHL ice hockey team. Other events that will be held here include arena football, circuses, ice shows, and concerts. It is anticipated that the Arena will be in use in excess of 200 days a year for these and other functions. The ballpark and the arena are separated by Gateway Plaza, a large illuminated public space that also will be the site of various entertainment events. An air conditioned pedestrian bridge, approximately 0.7 miles in length, connects the Arena with the Regional Transit Authority's downtown rapid transit station. Other enclosed walkways connect the Arena with two parking garages (3,158 vehicles total) and the larger garage with Jacobs Field.

Horton, M.K. (Gateway Sports Complex, Cleveland, OH (United States))

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Compression effects on pressure loss in flexible HVAC ducts  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of compression on pressure drop in flexible, spiral wire helix core ducts used in residential and light commercial applications. Ducts of 6 inches, 8 inches and 10 inches (150, 200 and 250 mm) nominal diameters were tested under different compression configurations following ASHRAE Standard 120-1999--Methods of Testing to Determine Flow Resistance of HVAC Air Ducts and Fittings. The results showed that the available published references tend to underestimate the effects of compression. The study demonstrated that moderate compression in flexible ducts, typical of that often seen in field installations, could increase the pressure drop by a factor of four, while further compression could increase the pressure drop by factors close to ten. The results proved that the pressure drop correction factor for compressed ducts cannot be independent of the duct size, as suggested by ASHRAE Fundamentals, and therefore a new relationship was developed for better quantification of the pressure drop in flexible ducts. This study also suggests potential improvements to ASHRAE Standard 120-1999 and provides new data for duct design.

Abushakra, Bass; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Evaluation of flow capture techniques for measuring HVAC grilleairflows  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the accuracy of commercially available flow hoods for residential applications. Results of laboratory and field tests indicate these hoods can be inadequate to measure airflows in residential systems, and there can be large measurement discrepancies between different flow hoods. The errors are due to poor calibrations, sensitivity of the hoods to grille airflow non-uniformities, and flow changes from added flow resistance. It is possible to obtain reasonable results using some flow hoods if the field tests are carefully done, the grilles are appropriate, and grille location does not restrict flow hood placement. We also evaluated several simple flow capture techniques for measuring grille airflows that could be adopted by the HVAC industry and homeowners as simple diagnostics. These simple techniques can be as accurate as commercially available devices. Our test results also show that current calibration procedures for flow hoods do not account for field application problems. As a result, agencies such as ASHRAE or ASTM need to develop a new standard for flow hood calibration, along with a new measurement standard to address field use of flow capture techniques.

Walker, Iain S.; Wray, Craig P.

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Economic Comparison of HVAC and HVDCSolutions for Large Offshore Wind Farms underSpecial Consideration of Reliability.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? An economic comparison of several HVAC-HVDC transmission systems from large offshore windfarms is presented. The power output from the offshore windfarm is modeled by… (more)

Lazaridis, Lazaros

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Demand Response-Enabled Model Predictive HVAC Load Control in Buildings using Real-Time Electricity Pricing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A practical cost and energy efficient model predictive control (MPC) strategy is proposed for HVAC load control under dynamic real-time electricity pricing. The MPC strategy… (more)

Avci, Mesut

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

A plug and play framework for an HVAC air handling unit and temperature sensor auto recognition technique.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A plug and play framework for an HVAC air handling unit control system is proposed in this study. This is the foundation and the first… (more)

Zhou, Xiaohui

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Tecniche di apprendimento automatico per la rilevazione di malfunzionamenti in sistemi HVAC: il caso di un refrigeratore di liquido centrifugo.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Malfunzionamenti in sistemi di riscaldamento, ventilazione e aria condizionata (HVAC) possono essere rilevati attraverso sitemi di Fault Detection. Spesso le informazioni riguardanti guasti e anomalie… (more)

Corazzol, Chiara

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

System dynamics based models for selecting HVAC systems for office buildings: a life cycle assessment from carbon emissions perspective.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study aims to explore the life cycle environmental impacts of typical heating ventilation and air condition (HVAC) systems including variable air volume (VAV) system,… (more)

Chen, S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Framework combining static optimization, dynamic scheduling and decision analysis applicable to complex primary HVAC&R systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The primary objective of this work is to propose a general and computationally efficient methodology for dynamic scheduling and optimal control of primary HVAC&R systems… (more)

Jiang, Wei

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Powering Curiosity: Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Powering Curiosity: Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Powering Curiosity: Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators Powering Curiosity: Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators January 29, 2008 - 7:06pm Addthis Mars Science Laboratory, aka Curiosity, is part of NASA's Mars Exploration Program, a long-term program of robotic exploration of the Red Planet. It's powered by the Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG). Photo courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech. Mars Science Laboratory, aka Curiosity, is part of NASA's Mars Exploration Program, a long-term program of robotic exploration of the Red Planet. It's powered by the Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG). Photo courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech. What are the key facts? Over the last four decades, the United States has launched 26

447

Design of Bulk Nanocomposites as High Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials |  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Design of Bulk Nanocomposites as High Design of Bulk Nanocomposites as High Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights Highlight Archives News & Events Publications Contact BES Home 04.27.12 Design of Bulk Nanocomposites as High Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Scientific Achievement A newly synthesized bulk thermoelectric material that contains nanocrystals with the same orientation and structure as the host material breaks thermoelectric efficiency records by blocking thermal, but not electrical, conductivity. Significance and Impact A new strategy to design inexpensive materials that more efficiently convert heat to electricity. Research Details Thermoelectric materials directly generate electrical power from heat, but

448

RELIABILITY ANALYSIS OF THE ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM TO SELECTED PORTIONS OF THE NUCLEAR HVAC SYSTEM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A design requirement probability of 0.01 or less in a 4-hour period ensures that the nuclear heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system in the primary confinement areas of the Dry Transfer Facilities (DTFs) and Fuel Handling Facility (FHF) is working during a Category 1 drop event involving commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) assemblies (BSC 2004a , Section 5.1.1.48). This corresponds to an hourly HVAC failure rate of 2.5E-3 per hour or less, which is contributed to by two dominant causes: equipment failure and loss of electrical power. Meeting this minimum threshold ensures that a Category 1 initiating event followed by the failure of HVAC is a Category 2 event sequence. The two causes for the loss of electrical power include the loss of offsite power and the loss of onsite power distribution. Thus, in order to meet the threshold requirement aforementioned, the failure rate of mechanical equipment, loss of offsite power, and loss of onsite power distribution must be less than or equal to 2.5E-3 per hour for the nuclear HVAC system in the primary confinement areas of the DTFs and FHF. The loss of offsite power occurs at a frequency of 1.1E-5 per hour (BSC 2004a, Section 5.1.1.48). The purpose of this analysis is to determine the probability of occurrence of the unavailability of the nuclear HVAC system in the primary confinement areas of the DTFs and FHF due to loss of electrical power. In addition, this analysis provides insights on the contribution to the unavailability of the HVAC system due to equipment failure. The scope of this analysis is limited to finding the frequency of loss of electrical power to the nuclear HVAC system in the primary confinement areas of the DTFs and FHF.

N. Ramirez

2004-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

449

Lunar Nuclear Power Plant With Solid Core Reactor, Heatpipes and Thermoelectric Conversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a lunar nuclear power plant with the advantages of minimum mass, with no moving parts, no pumped liquid coolant, a solid metal rugged core, with no single point of failure. The electrical output is 100 kilowatts with a 500 kilowatt thermal reactor. The thermoelectric converters surround the potassium heatpipes from the core and water heatpipes surround the converter and connect to the radiator. The solid core reactor is made from HT9 alloy. The fuel is uranium oxide with 90% enrichment. The thermoelectric converter is bonded to the outside of the 1.10 inch ID heat pipe and is 30 inches long. The thermoelectric couple is Si/SiGe-Si/SiC Quantum Well with over 20% efficiency with an 890 K hot side and a 490 K cold side and produces 625 Watts. 176 converters produce 110 kWe. With less than 10% loss in controls this yields 100 kWe for use. The cylindrical thermoelectric converter is designed and fabricated by HIPing to keep brittle materials in compression and to ensure conductivity. The solid core is fabricated by machining the heatpipe tubes with 6 grooves that are diffusion bonded together by HIPing to form the fuel tubes. The maximum temperature of the heat pipes is 940 K and the return flow temperature is 890 K. The reactor core is hexagonal shaped, 61 cm. wide and 76.2 cm high with 12 rotating control drums surrounding it. There is shielding to protect components and human habitation. The radiator is daisy shaped at 45 degrees with each petal 5.5 meters long. The design life is ten years.

Sayre, Edwin D. [Engineering Consultant, 218 Brooke Acres Drive, Los Gatos, CA 95032 (United States); Ring, Peter J. [Advanced Methods and Materials, 1190 Mountain View-Alviso Rd. Suite P, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 (United States); Brown, Neil [Engineering Consultant, 5134 Cordoy Lane, San Jose, CA 95124 (United States); Elsner, Norbert B.; Bass, John C. [Hi-Z Technology, Inc., 7606 Miramar Rd. Suite 7400, San Diego, CA 92126 (United States)

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

450

Application of Functional Link Neural Network to HVAC Thermal Dynamic System Identification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Recent efforts to incorporate aspects of artificial intelligence into the design and operation of automatic control systems have focused attention on techniques such as fuzzy logic, artificial neural networks, and expert systems. The use of computers for direct digital control highlights the recent trend toward more effective and efficient heating, ventilating, and airconditioning (HVAC) control methodologies. Researchers in the HVAC field have stressed the importance of self learning in building control systems and have encouraged further studies in the integration of optimal control and other advanced techniques into the formulation of such systems. Artificial neural networks can also be used to emulate the plant dynamics, in order to estimate future plant outputs and obtain plant input/output sensitivity information for on-line neural control adaptation. This paper describes a functional link neural network approach to performing the HVAC thermal dynamic system identification. Methodologies to reduce inputs of the functional link network to reduce the complexity and speed up the training speed will be presented. Analysis and comparison between the functional link network approach and the conventional network approach for the HVAC thermal modeling will also be presented. Index Terms—Functional link, HVAC, intelligent control, neural network, system identification.

Jason Teeter; Mo-yuen Chow; Senior Member

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Energy harvesting using a thermoelectric material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A novel energy harvesting system and method utilizing a thermoelectric having a material exhibiting a large thermally induced strain (TIS) due to a phase transformation and a material exhibiting a stress induced electric field is introduced. A material that exhibits such a phase transformation exhibits a large increase in the coefficient of thermal expansion over an incremental temperature range (typically several degrees Kelvin). When such a material is arranged in a geometric configuration, such as, for a example, a laminate with a material that exhibits a stress induced electric field (e.g. a piezoelectric material) the thermally induced strain is converted to an electric field.

Nersessian, Nersesse (Van Nuys, CA); Carman, Gregory P. (Los Angeles, CA); Radousky, Harry B. (San Leandro, CA)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

452

Thermoelectric materials evaluation program. Technical summary report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research progress on the thermoelectric materials evaluation program is reported covering the period January 1, 1976 to September 30, 1978. Topical reports are presented on (1) hot and cold end ..delta..T's, (2) hardware mobility, (3) p-leg sublimation suppression, (4) thermodynamic stability of p-legs, (5) n-leg material process improvements to reduce extraneous resistance, (6) n-leg cracking, (7) dynamic evaluation of converter, and (8) data base and degradation modes. Twenty attachments are included which present supporting drawings, specifications, procedures, and data. (WHK)

Hinderman, J.D.

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

General-purpose heat source: Research and development program. Radioisotope thermoelectric generator impact tests: RTG-1 and RTG-2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The General-Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) provides power for space missions by transmitting the heat of {sup 238}Pu decay to an array of thermoelectric elements in a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG). Because the potential for a launch abort or return from orbit exists for any space mission, the heat source response to credible accident scenarios is being evaluated. The first two RTG Impact Tests were designed to provide information on the response of a fully loaded RTG to end-on impact against a concrete target. The results of these tests indicated that at impact velocities up to 57 m/s the converter shell and internal components protect the GPHS capsules from excessive deformation. At higher velocities, some of the internal components of the RTG interact with the GPHS capsules to cause excessive localized deformation and failure.

Reimus, M.A.H.; Hinckley, J.E.; George, T.G.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Metro Environmental: The impact of training HVAC technicians using the SightPros-VirTechs system for remote, wireless, Internet video assistance.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This qualitative study explored the overall impact of training HVAC technicians using the SightPros-VirTechs system for remote, wireless, internet video assistance at a small HVAC… (more)

Daily, Ellen Wilmoth Matthews

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Critical Question #4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Solutions for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Critical Question #4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Critical Question #4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High-Performance Homes and Apartments? Critical Question #4: What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High-Performance Homes and Apartments? What is currently in the market? What are the limitations of these systems? What are the desired specifications for these systems? What are the realistic space conditioning loads of these high-performance homes and apartments? cq4_forced_air_systems_walker.pdf cq4_simplified_space_cond_prahl.pdf cq4_ground_heat_exchanger_im.pdf More Documents & Publications Track C - Market-Driven Research Solutions Track B - Critical Guidance for Peak Performance Homes Energy Storage & Power Electronics 2008 Peer Review - Power Electronics

456

HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? January 10, 2011 - 4:27pm Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory I live in Colorado, and when it's cold it is very, very cold. Since I hate paying high heating bills, I typically have my thermostat set to a chilly 62°F. My husband and I have gotten used to this, and really like being able to use a warm comforter while the air stays cooler. There are some nights, however, that even this setting seems too high and the heater is running a lot more than I'd like it to. When it's below 0° overnight, or even sometimes during the day, we occasionally break out our oil-filled space heater when we're only using one room. That has me

457

HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? HVAC vs. Space Heaters: Which is More Efficient? January 10, 2011 - 4:27pm Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory I live in Colorado, and when it's cold it is very, very cold. Since I hate paying high heating bills, I typically have my thermostat set to a chilly 62°F. My husband and I have gotten used to this, and really like being able to use a warm comforter while the air stays cooler. There are some nights, however, that even this setting seems too high and the heater is running a lot more than I'd like it to. When it's below 0° overnight, or even sometimes during the day, we occasionally break out our oil-filled space heater when we're only using one room. That has me

458

Realt-Time Building Occupancy Sensing for Supporting Demand Driven HVAC Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate knowledge of localised and real-time occupancy numbers can have compelling control applications for Heating, Ventilation and Air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. However, a precise and reliable measurement of occupancy still remains difficult. Existing technologies are plagued with a number of issues ranging from unreliable data, maintaining privacy and sensor drift. More effective control of HVAC systems may be possible using a smart sensing network for occupancy detection. A low-cost and non-intrusive sensor network is deployed in an open-plan office, combining information such as sound level and motion, to estimate occupancy numbers, while an infrared camera is implemented to establish ground truth occupancy levels. Symmetrical uncertainty analysis is used for feature selection, and selected multi-sensory features are fused using a neuralnetwork model, with occupancy estimation accuracy reaching up to 84.59%. The proposed system offers promising opportunities for reliable occupancy sensing, capable of supporting demand driven HVAC operations.

Ekwevugbe, T.; Brown, N.; Pakka, V.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

On the capacity limits of hvac duct channel for high-speed internet access  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—In this paper, we report theoretical and experimental channel-capacity estimates of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) ducts based on multicarrier transmission that uses-ary quadrature amplitude modulation and measured channel responses at the 2.4-GHz industrial, scientific, and medical band. It is shown theoretically that data rates in excess of 1 Gb/s are possible over distances up to 500 m in straight ducts in which reflections have been suppressed. Our experimental results also show that even in the case of more complex HVAC duct networks (i.e., HVAC duct networks that include bends, tees, etc.) data rates over 2 Gb/s are possible. Our estimations in this case are valid for distances of up to 22 m, which was the maximum distance of our experimental setup. These experimental results, measured with a large-scale testbed set

Ariton E. Xhafa; Ozan K. Tonguz; Ahmet G. Cepni; Student Member; Daniel D. Stancil; Pavel V. Nikitin; Dagfin Brodtkorb

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Energy Renovations: Volume 14: HVAC - A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared by PNNL for DOE's Building America program and is intended as a guide that energy performance contractors can share with homeowners to describe various energy-efficient options for heating, cooling, and ventilating existing homes. The report provides descriptions of many common and not-so-common HVAC systems, including their advantages and disadvantages, efficiency ranges and characteristics of high-performance models, typical costs, and climate considerations. The report also provides decision trees and tables of useful information for homeowners who are making decisions about adding, replacing, or upgrading existing HVAC equipment in their homes. Information regarding home energy performance assessments (audits) and combustion safety issues when replacing HVAC equipment are also provided.

Gilbride, Theresa L.; Baechler, Michael C.; Hefty, Marye G.; Hand, James R.; Love, Pat M.

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "thermoelectric hvac components" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Microscreen radiation shield for thermoelectric generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a microscreen radiation shield which reduces radiative heat losses in thermoelectric generators such as sodium heat engines without reducing the efficiency of operation of such devices. The radiation shield is adapted to be interposed between a reaction zone and a means for condensing an alkali metal vapor in a thermoelectric generator for converting heat energy directly to electrical energy. The radiation shield acts to reflect infrared radiation emanating from the reaction zone back toward the reaction zone while permitting the passage of the alkali metal vapor to the condensing means. The radiation shield includes a woven wire mesh screen or a metal foil having a plurality of orifices formed therein. The orifices in the foil and the spacing between the wires in the mesh is such that radiant heat is reflected back toward the reaction zone in the interior of the generator, while the much smaller diameter alkali metal atoms such as sodium pass directly through the orifices or along the metal surfaces of the shield and through the orifices with little or no impedance.

Hunt, Thomas K. (Ann Arbor, MI); Novak, Robert F. (Farmington Hills, MI); McBride, James R. (Ypsilanti, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

High-Speed Internet Access via HVAC Ducts: A New Approach Daniel D. Stancil, Ozan K. Tonguz, Ariton Xhafa, Ahmet Cepni, and Pavel Nikitin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-Speed Internet Access via HVAC Ducts: A New Approach Daniel D. Stancil, Ozan K. Tonguz, Ariton conditioning (HVAC) ducts for indoor wireless transmission systems and networks. Mea- surements and system to 100 Mbps should be possible, when HVAC system is used in con- junction with OFDM technology. Keywords

Stancil, Daniel D.

463

A Simple Path Loss Prediction Model for HVAC Systems O. K. Tonguz, D. D. Stancil, A. E. Xhafa, A. G. Cepni, P. V. Nikitin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Simple Path Loss Prediction Model for HVAC Systems O. K. Tonguz, D. D. Stancil, A. E. Xhafa, A, and air conditioning (HVAC) cylindrical ducts in 2.4-2.5 GHz frequency band. The model we propose predicts the average power loss between a transmitter-receiver pair in an HVAC duct network. This prediction model

Stancil, Daniel D.

464

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 51, NO. 5, MAY 2003 945 Propagation Model for the HVAC Duct as a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the HVAC Duct as a Communication Channel Pavel V. Nikitin, Member, IEEE, Daniel D. Stancil, Senior Member (HVAC) ducts in buildings are typically hollow metal pipes which can be used as waveguides to carry such a communication system. This paper presents a propagation model for a straight HVAC duct terminated at both ends

Stancil, Daniel D.

465

An Application of State-Of-The-Art HVAC and Building Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This case study describes the successful application of state-of-the-art HVAC and building systems at a large commercial office and industrial facility. The facility's exterior envelope systems, HVAC systems, lighting systems, energy conservation systems, exhaust/heat recovery/make-up air systems, water cooling systems, compressed air systems, electrical distribution systems, water heating systems, and other systems and measures taken are each discussed in detail. The important role that energy engineering played in the overall planning, design, and management of the project is given particular emphasis. Also, the engineering strategies used to integrate energy efficiency, performance optimization, current technology, and cost effectiveness are underscored throughout.

Fiorino, D. P.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Fiber optic signal amplifier using thermoelectric power generation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remote fiber optic signal amplifier for use as a repeater/amplifier, such as in transoceanic communications, powered by a Pu.sub.238 or Sr.sub.90 thermoelectric generator. The amplifier comprises a unit with connections on the receiving and sending sides of the communications system, and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier connecting each sending fiber to each receiving fiber. The thermoelectric generator, preferably a Pu.sub.238 or Sr.sub.90 thermoelectric generator delivers power to the amplifiers through a regulator. The heat exchange surfaces of the thermoelectric generator are made of materials resistant to corrosion and biological growth and are directly exposed to the outside, such as the ocean water in transoceanic communications.

Hart, Mark M. (Aiken, SC)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Materials by computational design -- High performance thermoelectric materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the project was to utilize advanced computing techniques to guide the development of new material systems that significantly improve the performance of thermoelectric devices for solid state refrigeration. Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc. (LMES) was to develop computational approaches to refine the theory of the thermoelectric effect, establish physical limits, and motivate new materials development. Prior to the project, no major activity in thermoelectric research was visible as an observed limit in experimental data was commonly accepted as a practical limit by the majority of informed opinion in the physics and thermoelectric community. Due to the efforts of the project, new compounds have been isolated which indicates that there is a physical reason to search through the remaining uncharacterized compounds from a top down theoretical approach.

Sales, B. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lyon, H. [Marlow Industries, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

High-density thermoelectric power generation and nanoscale thermal metrology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric power generation has been around for over 50 years but has seen very little large scale implementation due to the inherently low efficiencies and powers available from known materials. Recent material advances ...

Mayer, Peter (Peter Matthew), 1978-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Fiber optic signal amplifier using thermoelectric power generation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remote fiber optic signal amplifier for use as a repeater/amplifier, such as in transoceanic communications, powered by a Pu{sub 238} or Sr{sub 90} thermoelectric generator. The amplifier comprises a unit with connections on the receiving and sending sides of the communications system, and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier connecting each sending fiber to each receiving fiber. The thermoelectric generator, preferably a Pu{sub 238} or Sr{sub 90} thermoelectric generator delivers power to the amplifiers through a regulator. The heat exchange surfaces of the thermoelectric generator are made of materials resistant to corrosion and biological growth and are directly exposed to the outside, such as the ocean water in transoceanic communications. 2 figs.

Hart, M.M.

1995-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

470

Fiber optic signal amplifier using thermoelectric power generation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remote fiber optic signal amplifier for use as a repeater/amplifier, such as in transoceanic communication, powered by a Pu{sub 238} or Sr{sub 90} thermoelectric generator. The amplifier comprises a unit with connections on the receiving and sending sides of the communications system, and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier connecting each sending fiber to each receiving fiber. The thermoelectric generator, preferably a Pu{sub 238} or Sr{sub 90} thermoelectric generator delivers power to the amplifiers through a regulator. The heat exchange surfaces of the thermoelectric generator are made of material resistant to corrosion and biological growth and are directly exposed to the outside, such as the ocean water in transoceanic communications.

Hart, M.M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Oxide based thermoelectric materials for large scale power generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermoelectric (TE) devices are based on the Seebeck and Peltier effects, which describe the conversion between temperature gradient and electricity. The effectiveness of the material performance can be described by ...

Song, Yang, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Thermoelectric generator and method for the fabrication thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric generator using semiconductor elements for responding to a temperature gradient to produce electrical energy with all of the semiconductor elements being of the same type is disclosed. A continuous process for forming substrates on which the semiconductor elements and superstrates are deposited and a process for forming the semiconductor elements on the substrates are also disclosed. The substrates with the semiconductor elements thereon are combined with superstrates to form modules for use as thermoelectric generators.

Benson, D.K.; Tracy, C.E.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Enhancement of automotive exhaust heat recovery by thermoelectric devices  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to improve automobile fuel economy, an experimental study is undertaken to explore practical aspects of implementing thermoelectric devices for exhaust gas energy recovery. A highly instrumented apparatus consisting of a hot (exhaust gas) and a cold (coolant liquid) side rectangular ducts enclosing the thermoelectric elements has been built. Measurements of thermoelectric voltage output and flow and surface temperatures were acquired and analyzed to investigate the power generation and heat transfer properties of the apparatus. Effects of inserting aluminum wool packing material inside the hot side duct on augmentation of heat transfer from the gas stream to duct walls were studied. Data were collected for both the unpacked and packed cases to allow for detection of packing influence on flow and surface temperatures. Effects of gas and coolant inlet temperatures as well as gas flow rate on the thermoelectric power output were examined. The results indicate that thermoelectric power production is increased at higher gas inlet temperature or flow rate. However, thermoelectric power generation decreases with a higher coolant temperature as a consequence of the reduced hot-cold side temperature differential. For the hot-side duct, a large temperature gradient exists between the gas and solid surface temperature due to poor heat transfer through the gaseous medium. Adding the packing material inside the exhaust duct enhanced heat transfer and hence raised hot-side duct surface temperatures and thermoelectric power compared to the unpacked duct, particularly where the gas-to-surface temperature differential is highest. Therefore it is recommended that packing of exhaust duct becomes common practice in thermoelectric waste energy harvesting applications.

Ibrahim, Essam [Alabama A& M University, Normal; Szybist, James P [ORNL; Parks, II, James E [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Decentralized model predictive control of a multiple evaporator HVAC system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Vapor compression cooling systems are the primary method used for refrigeration and air conditioning, and as such are a major component of household and commercial… (more)

Elliott, Matthew Stuart

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Improving fuzzy logic controllers obtained by experts: a case study in HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One important Artificial Intelligence tool for automatic control is the use of fuzzy logic controllers, which are fuzzy rule-based systems comprising expert knowledge in form of linguistic rules. These rules are usually constructed by an expert in the ... Keywords: Fuzzy logic controllers, Genetic tuning, HVAC systems, Linguistic 2-tuples representation, Linguistic 3-tuples representation, Rule selection

Rafael Alcalá; Jesús Alcalá-Fdez; María José Gacto; Francisco Herrera

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Automatic two way synchronization between server and multiple clients for HVAC system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors study different two way synchronization methods between a server and distributed clients. Client-server architectures are used to control multiple instances from center. Hard-coded embedded controllers are replaced by embedded controllers ... Keywords: HVAC, data synchronization, embedded systems, multi-agent systems, online file storage, thick client

Anton Tyukov; Adriaan Brebels; Maxim Shcherbakov

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Computational Study on Thermal Properties of HVAC System with Building Structure Thermal Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building structure thermal storage (BSTS) HVAC systems can store heat during nighttime thermal storage operation (nighttime operation hours) by using off-peak electricity and release it in the daytime air-conditioning operation (daytime operation hours) by utilizing a large amount of the thermal capacity of building structures such as beams, columns and floors composed of concrete. These BSTS systems have recently been considered as one method for leveling hourly electricity demands for HVAC on a day-to-day basis. Through a simulation using a model developed with experimental data, this paper describes how various factors for the design and operation of a BSTS quantitatively affect the charge/discharge performances of a HVAC system. As a result, the following was revealed: the thermal performance of the system is strongly influenced by the daily heat storage operation hours, supply air volume and supply air temperature during the nighttime operation hours, stored heat caused the total daytime cooling extraction to decrease by 11% to 58% and the daily total cooling extraction through nighttime to daytime to increase by 4% to 17% compared with the values of non- thermal storage HVAC system.

Sato, Y.; Sagara, N.; Ryu, Y.; Maehara, K.; Nagai, T.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

A Particle Swarm Optimization Approach for Optimal Design of PID Controller for Temperature Control in HVAC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is a novel evolutionary algorithm which has a better convergence rate and computation precision compared with other evolutionary algorithms. From the perspective of optimization, the self-tuning of PID controller parameters ... Keywords: PSO, PID, HVAC, Optimization, Particle Swarm Optimization

Zhang Jun; Zhang Kanyu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

OBSERVE: Occupancy-Based System for Efficient Reduction of HVAC Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

control conditioning strategies. Using strategies based on sensor network occupancy model predictions, weOBSERVE: Occupancy-Based System for Efficient Reduction of HVAC Energy Varick L. Erickson, Miguel Á Descriptors I.6.5 [Simulation and Modeling]: Model Development; J.7 [Computers In Other Systems]: Command

Cerpa, Alberto E.

480

Energy Savings with Energy-Efficient HVAC Systems in Commercial Buildings of Hong Kong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hong Kong has seen a dramatic increase in energy consumption in recent years, particularly electricity use in commercial buildings. The growth of electricity demand in future years is crucial both economically and environmentally. As over half of the electricity in Hong Kong is consumed by commercial buildings, and heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) is the largest end-user in such buildings, improving the efficiency of HVAC systems in commercial buildings, is the key measure to take in Hong Kong for sustainable development. In this study, the major factors influencing the electricity use of HVAC systems are studied with the building energy simulation program EnergyPlus, which include chiller efficiency, space cooling temperature, variable vs. constant air flow, fan efficiency, lighting intensity and building envelope. From the analysis of the simulation results, it can be found that substantial energy-saving potential exists through improving the efficiency of HVAC systems in commercial buildings, and a combination of desirable system parameters for energy efficiency of commercial building is proposed.

Yang, J.; Chan, K.; Wu, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

IFC HVAC interface to EnergyPlus - A case of expanded interoperability for energy simulation  

SciTech Connect

Tedious manual input of data that define a building, its systems and its expected pattern of use and operating schedules for building energy performance simulation has in the past diverted time and resources from productive simulation runs. In addition to its previously released IFCtoIDF utility that semiautomates the import of building geometry, the new IFC HVAC interface to EnergyPlus (released at the end of 2003) makes it possible to import and export most of the data that define HVAC equipment and systems in a building directly from and to other IFC compatible software tools. This reduces the manual input of other data needed for successful simulation with EnergyPlus to a minimum. The main purpose of this new interface is to enable import of HVAC equipment and systems definitions, generated by other IFC compatible software tools (such as HVAC systems design tools) and data bases, into EnergyPlus, and to write such definitions contained in EnergyPlus input files to the original IFC files from which building geometry was extracted for the particular EnergyPlus input. In addition, this interface sets an example for developers of other software tools how to import and/or export data other than building geometry from and/or into EnergyPlus. This paper describes the necessary simplifications and shortcuts incorporated in this interface, its operating environment, interface architecture, and the basic conditions and methodology for its use with EnergyPlus.

Bazjanac, Vladimir; Maile, Tobias

2004-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

482

Identification of chiller model in HVAC system using fuzzy inference rules with Zadeh's implication operator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system, chiller is the central part and one of the primary energy consumers. For the purpose of saving energy, the identification of the chiller model is of great significance. In this paper, based ... Keywords: chiller, fuzzy inference system, implication operator, improved genetic algorithm

Yukui Zhang; Shiji Song; Cheng Wu; Kang Li

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Combustion Synthesis of Doped Thermoelectric Oxides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) was used to prepare silver doped calcium cobaltates (Ca1.24- xAgxCo1.62O3.86, x = 0.03 - 0.12) powders. SHS is a simple and economic process to synthesize ceramic materials with minimum energy requirements. The heat generated by the SHS reaction can sustain the propagation of the reaction front and convert reactants to desired products. The effect of doping level on thermoelectric properties was investigated in this study. Results show the substitution of calcium by silver decreases the thermal conductivity significantly. XRD and surface area measurements show synthesized powders are phase pure and have large specific surface areas.

Selig, Jiri [Lamar University; Lin, Sidney [Lamar University; Lin, Hua-Tay [ORNL; Johnson, D Ray [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

HVAC Equipment Design Options for Near-Zero-Energy Homes (NZEH) -A Stage 2 Scoping Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Although the energy efficiency of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment has increased substantially in recent years, new approaches are needed to continue this trend. Conventional unitary equipment and system designs have matured to a point where cost-effective, dramatic efficiency improvements that meet near-zero-energy housing (NZEH) goals require a radical rethinking of opportunities to improve system performance. The large reductions in HVAC energy consumption necessary to support the NZEH goals require a systems-oriented analysis approach that characterizes each element of energy consumption, identifies alternatives, and determines the most cost-effective combination of options. In particular, HVAC equipment must be developed that addresses the range of special needs of NZEH applications in the areas of reduced HVAC and water heating energy use, humidity control, ventilation, uniform comfort, and ease of zoning. This report describes results of a scoping assessment of HVAC system options for NZEH homes. ORNL has completed a preliminary adaptation, for consideration by The U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office, Building Technologies (BT) Program, of Cooper's (2001) stage and gate planning process to the HVAC and Water Heating element of BT's multi-year plan, as illustrated in Figure 1. In order to adapt to R&D the Cooper process, which is focused on product development, and to keep the technology development process consistent with an appropriate role for the federal government, the number and content of the stages and gates needed to be modified. The potential federal role in technology development involves 6 stages and 7 gates, but depending on the nature and status of the concept, some or all of the responsibilities can flow to the private sector for product development beginning as early as Gate 3. In the proposed new technology development stage and gate sequence, the Stage 2 'Scoping Assessment' provides the deliverable leading into the Gate 3 'Scoping Assessment Screen'. This report is an example of a Stage 2 deliverable written to document the screening of options against the Gate 3 criteria and to support DOE decision making and option prioritization. The objective of this scoping assessment was to perform a transparent evaluation of the HVAC system options for NZEH based on the applying the Gate 3 criteria uniformly to all options.

Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Synthesis of Ca3Co4O9 Thermoelectric Oxide by Self-Propagating ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Opacified, Reinforced Aerogel for Thermal Insulation of Thermoelectric Generators and Other Advanced Energy Systems · Oxide Ceramic Materials for ...

486

The Effect of Mg/Co Ratio on the Thermoelectric Properties of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Opacified, Reinforced Aerogel for Thermal Insulation of Thermoelectric Generators and Other Advanced Energy Systems · Oxide Ceramic Materials for ...

487

BSA 09-27: Synthesis of High-Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials  

Thermoelectric materials must exhibit both high electrical conductivity and low thermal conductivity in order to usefully convert heat to electricity ...

488

Progress report No. 23 for a program of thermoelectric generator testing and RTG degradation mechanisms evaluation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research is reported on selenide technology evaluation, silicon germanium technology, and thermoelectric generator testing and evaluation. Results of thermal conductivity tests, in-gradient tests, thermophysical properties and compatibility tests, and accelerated resistance module tests for selenium are presented and discussed. Thermoelectric property characteristics of silicon germanium alloys are presented, and performance characteristics of silicon germanium thermoelectric generators are discussed. Thermoelectric generators assembled with lead telluride, TAG-85, and silicon-germanium materials being tested at JPL are described. (WHK)

Stapfer, G.; Rouklove, P.; Garvey, L.

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Numerical study of the thermoelectric power factor in ultra-thin Si nanowires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Low dimensional structures have demonstrated improved thermoelectric (TE) performance because of a drastic reduction in their thermal conductivity, ¿ l . This has been observed for a variety of materials, even for traditionally ... Keywords: Atomistic, Boltzmann transport, Nanowire, Seebeck coefficient, Silicon, Thermoelectric power factor, Thermoelectrics, Tight-binding, ZT, sp3d5s*

Neophytos Neophytou; Hans Kosina

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Detection and diagnosis of faults and energy monitoring of HVAC systems with least-intrusive power analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Faults indicate degradation or sudden failure of equipment in a system. Widely existing in heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, faults always lead to inefficient energy consumption, undesirable indoor ...

Luo, Dong, 1966-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

FINAL SAFETY ANALYSIS REPORT. SNAP III THERMOELECTRIC GENERATOR  

SciTech Connect

The SNAP-III thermoelectric generator procedures power from the decay heat of 2100 curies of Po/sup 210/. This generator is to be used as a source of auxiliary power in a terrestrial satellite. For purposes of analysis, the satellite system postulated is launched from the Pacific Missile Bange into a 275- statute mile polar orbit with an orbital lifetime of about 1 year. Po/sup 210/ is an alpha emitter having a half life of 138 days and alpha and gamma decay energies of 5.3 and 0.8 mev, respectively. It is a natural component of the earth's crust, as a member of the uranium disintegration series. Sampling of polonium in the biosphere was conducted specifically for this program to determine background radiation levels. Since the fuel is primarily an alpha emitter, there is no direct radiation problem. An analysis was performed to determine the ability of the fuel container to withstand the various thermal, mechanical, and chemical forces imposed upon the generator by vehicle failures. Where theoretical analysis was impossible and experimental evidence was desired, capsules and generators were tested under simulated missile-failure conditions, Thus, the safety limits of SNAP-III in a satellite application were defined. SNAP-III is designed to be aerothermodynamically consumed on reentry into the earth's atmosphere so that the polonium will be dispersed as aerosols in the upper stratosphere. Since heating rates will be lower for aborts occurring prior to orbiting, 65 abort cases have been considered to define the general consequences of vehicle failures. The spatial and temporal relations of vehicle aborts are summarized in cartographic and tabular form. (auth)

Hagis, W.; Dix, G.P.

1960-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

A high-efficiency thermoelectric converter for space applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents a concept for using high-temperature superconducting materials in thermoelectric generators (SCTE) to produce electricity at conversion efficiencies approaching 50% of the Carrot efficiency. The SCTE generator is applicable to systems operating in temperature ranges of high-temperature superconducting materials and thus would be a low-grade converter. Operating in cryogenic temperature ranges provides the advantage of inherently increasing the limits of the Carrot efficiency. Potential applications are for systems operating in space where the ambient temperatures are in the cryogenic temperature range. The advantage of using high-temperature superconducting material in a thermoelectric converter is that it would significantly reduce or eliminate the Joule heating losses in a thermoelectric element. This paper investigates the system aspects and the material requirements of the SCTE converter concept, and presents a conceptual design and an application for a space power system.

Metzger, J.D. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); El-Genk, M.S. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Inst. for Space Nuclear Power Studies

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

493

Skutterudite Thermoelectric Materials Jihui Yang, Xun Shi, General Motors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Microstructure of Doped Clathrate and the Microstructure of Doped Clathrate and Skutterudite Thermoelectric Materials Jihui Yang, Xun Shi, General Motors Hsin Wang and Miaofang Chi, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Scientific challenge/problem: Clathrate and Skutterudite are known to be promising thermoelectric materials. The R&D groups at GM and ORNL have found that doping Clathrate (Ba 0.25 Co 4 Sb 12 ) with Yb and La and doping Skutterudite (Ba 8 Ga 16 Ge 30 ) with Ni improve the thermoelectrical properties significantly. The goal of the microscopy characterization is to fundamentally understand how the dopants control the materials properties. Two questions need to be answered at the current stage of our experimental work: how the microstructures are tailored by the dopants and how the dopants distribute

494

Microsoft PowerPoint - High Temperature Thermoelectric_Ohuchi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermoelectric Oxides Engineered Thermoelectric Oxides Engineered at Multiple Length Scales for Energy Harvesting Program Manager: Patricia Rawls Fumio S. Ohuchi (PI) and Rajendra K. Bordia(Co-PI) Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Washington Box 352120 Seattle, WA 98195 Grant No. DE-FE0007272 (June 1, 2012-May 31, 2013) Graduate Students: Christopher Dandeneau and YiHsun Yang June 10, 2013 The UCR Contractors Review Conference Introduction/Motivation for Research * Thermoelectric (TE) oxides for waste heat recovery  Good high-temperature stability  Stable in hostile environments  Low cost/toxicity * Oxides with complex structure:  Low thermal conductivity,   Tailor stoichiometry to maximize S

495

A high-efficiency thermoelectric converter for space applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents a concept for using high-temperature superconducting materials in thermoelectric generators (SCTE) to produce electricity at conversion efficiencies approaching 50% of the Carrot efficiency. The SCTE generator is applicable to systems operating in temperature ranges of high-temperature superconducting materials and thus would be a low-grade converter. Operating in cryogenic temperature ranges provides the advantage of inherently increasing the limits of the Carrot efficiency. Potential applications are for systems operating in space where the ambient temperatures are in the cryogenic temperature range. The advantage of using high-temperature superconducting material in a thermoelectric converter is that it would significantly reduce or eliminate the Joule heating losses in a thermoelectric element. This paper investigates the system aspects and the material requirements of the SCTE converter concept, and presents a conceptual design and an application for a space power system.

Metzger, J.D. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)); El-Genk, M.S. (New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Inst. for Space Nuclear Power Studies)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Thermoelectric properties of n-type PbSe revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It was recently predicted \\cite{parker} and experimentally confirmed \\cite{sny_PbSe} that $p$-type PbSe would be a good thermoelectric material. Recent experimental work \\cite{pers2} now suggests that $n$-type PbSe can also be a good thermoelectric material. We now re-examine the thermoelectric performance of PbSe with a revised approximation which improves band gap accuracy. We now find that $n$-type PbSe {\\it can} be a high performance material, with thermopowers as high in magnitude as 250 $\\mu$V/K at 1000 K and 300 $\\mu$V/K at 800 K. Optimal 1000 K $n$-type doping ranges are between 2 $\\times 10^{19}$cm$^{-3}$ and 8 $\\times 10^{19}$cm$^{-3}$, while at 800 K the corresponding range is from 7 $\\times$10$^{18}$ to 4 $\\times $10$^{19}$ cm$^{-3}$.

Parker, David S [ORNL; Singh, David J [ORNL; Ren, Zhifeng [Boston College, Chestnut Hill; Zhang, Qinyong [Xihua University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Integrated Heat Pump HVAC Systems for Near-Zero-Energy Homes - Business Case Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The long range strategic goal of the Department of Energy's Building Technologies (DOE/BT) Program is to create, by 2020, technologies and design approaches that enable the construction of net-zero energy homes at low incremental cost (DOE/BT 2005). A net zero energy home (NZEH) is a residential building with greatly reduced needs for energy through efficiency gains, with the balance of energy needs supplied by renewable technologies. While initially focused on new construction, these technologies and design approaches are intended to have application to buildings constructed before 2020 as well resulting in substantial reduction in energy use for all building types and ages. DOE/BT's Emerging Technologies (ET) team is working to support this strategic goal by identifying and developing advanced heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and water heating (HVAC/WH) technology options applicable to NZEHs. Although the energy efficiency of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment has increased substantially in recent years, new approaches are needed to continue this trend. Dramatic efficiency improvements are necessary to enable progress toward the NZEH goals, and will require a radical rethinking of opportunities to improve system performance. The large reductions in HVAC energy consumption necessary to support the NZEH goals require a systems-oriented analysis approach that characterizes each element of energy consumption, identifies alternatives, and determines the most cost-effective combination of options. In particular, HVAC equipment must be developed that addresses the range of special needs of NZEH applications in the areas of reduced HVAC and water heating energy use, humidity control, ventilation, uniform comfort, and ease of zoning. In FY05 ORNL conducted an initial Stage 1 (Applied Research) scoping assessment of HVAC/WH systems options for future NZEHs to help DOE/BT identify and prioritize alternative approaches for further development. Eleven system concepts with central air distribution ducting and nine multi-zone systems were selected and their annual and peak demand performance estimated for five locations: Atlanta (mixed-humid), Houston (hot-humid), Phoenix (hot-dry), San Francisco (marine), and Chicago (cold). Performance was estimated by simulating the systems using the TRNSYS simulation engine (Solar Energy Laboratory et al. 2006) in two 1800-ft{sup 2} houses--a Building America (BA) benchmark house and a prototype NZEH taken from BEopt results at the take-off (or crossover) point (i.e., a house incorporating those design features such that further progress towards ZEH is through the addition of photovoltaic power sources, as determined by current BEopt analyses conducted by NREL). Results were summarized in a project report, 'HVAC Equipment Design options for Near-Zero-Energy Homes--A Stage 2 Scoping Assessment', ORNL/TM-2005/194 (Baxter 2005). The 2005 study report describes the HVAC options considered, the ranking criteria used, and the system rankings by priority. Table 1 summarizes the energy savings potential of the highest scoring options from the 2005 study for all five locations. All system options were scored by the ORNL building equipment research team and by William Goetzler of Navigant Consulting. These scores were reviewed by DOE/BT's Residential Integration program leaders and Building America team members. Based on these results, the two centrally ducted integrated heat pump (IHP) systems (air source and ground source versions) were selected for advancement to Stage 2 (Exploratory Development) business case assessments in FY06. This report describes results of these business case assessments. It is a compilation of three separate reports describing the initial business case study (Baxter 2006a), an update to evaluate the impact of an economizer cooling option (Baxter 2006b), and a second update to evaluate the impact of a winter humidification option (Baxter 2007). In addition it reports some corrections made subsequent to release of the first two reports to correct so

Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Comparisons of HVAC Simulations between EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 for Data Centers  

SciTech Connect

This paper compares HVAC simulations between EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 for data centers. The HVAC systems studied in the paper are packaged direct expansion air-cooled single zone systems with and without air economizer. Four climate zones are chosen for the study - San Francisco, Miami, Chicago, and Phoenix. EnergyPlus version 2.1 and DOE-2.2 version 45 are used in the annual energy simulations. The annual cooling electric consumption calculated by EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 are reasonablely matched within a range of -0.4percent to 8.6percent. The paper also discusses sources of differences beween EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 runs including cooling coil algorithm, performance curves, and important energy model inputs.

Hong, Tianzhen; Sartor, Dale; Mathew, Paul; Yazdanian, Mehry

2008-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

499

HVAC Technology Report: A Review of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Technology and Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For many of us, roughly 95 percent of our time is spent indoors. To enable humans to spend this much time inside, mechanical equipment is necessary to provide space conditioning to control the temperature (heating and cooling), ventilation, humidity, and indoor air quality. This report introduces the heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) industry to EPRI member utility employees. The document describes the most common technologies and applications and provides an overview of industry statisti...

2000-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

500

Requirements for Commissioning HVAC Systems Using BEMS and Commissioning the BEMS Itself Based on Questionnaire Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper the present status and requirements for commissioning of HVAC Systems using Building Energy Management Systems (BEMS) and commissioning the BEMS itself are investigated and summarized. The information presented is based on the results of the questionnaire and interview survey of experts which was carried out in four countries; Japan, the USA, France and Canada. This paper intends to clarify the requirements and future scope of the above issues by analyzing similarities and differences between the countries.

Yoshida, H.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Choiniere, D.; Wang, F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z