Sample records for thailand tonga tuvalu

  1. Tonga: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF TOURISM IN SPTO MEMBER COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ......................................................................................................................... 4 2. Methodology Caledonia, Kiribati, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. The economic

  3. Thailand's downstream projects proliferate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Thailand continues to press expansion and modernization of its downstream sector. Among recent developments: Construction of an olefins unit at Thailand's second major petrochemical complex and a worldscale aromatics unit in Thailand is threatened by rising costs. Thailand's National Petrochemical Corp (NPC) let a 9 billion yen contract to Mitsui Engineering and Shipbuilding Co. and C. Itoh and Co. for a dual fuel cogeneration power plant at its Mab Ta Phud, Rayong province, petrochemical complex. Financing is in place to flash a green light for a $530 million Belgian-Thai joint venture sponsoring a worldscale polyvinyl chloride/vinyl chloride monomer plant in Thailand. Work is more than 50% complete on the $345 million second phase expansion of Thai Oil's Sri Racha refinery in Chon Buri province. Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT) endorsed a plan to install two more natural gas processing plants in Thailand to meet rapidly growing domestic demand for petroleum gas.

  4. P E R F O R M I N G A R T S M A N A G E M E N T 0 2 / 2 0 1 1 S o u t h P a c i f i c O c e a n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Tonga Togo Thailand Tanzania Tajikistan Syria Switz. Sweden Swaziland Suriname Sudan Sri Lanka Spain

  5. Thailand gas project now operational

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horner, C.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Now operational, Phase 1 of Thailand's first major natural gas system comprises one of the world's longest (264 miles) offshore gas lines. Built for the Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT), this system delivers gas from the Erawan field in the Gulf of Thailand to two electrical power plants near Bangkok, operated by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT). The project required laying about 360 miles of pipeline, 34-in., 0.625 in.-thick API-5LX-60 pipe offshore and 28-in., 0.406 in.-thick API-5LX-60 onshore. The offshore pipe received a coal-tar coating, a 3.5-5.0 in. concrete coating, and zinc sacrificial-anode bracelets. The onshore line was coated with the same coal-tar enamel and, where necessary, with concrete up to 4.5 in. thick. Because EGAT's two power plants are the system's only customers, no more pipeline will be constructed until deliveries, currently averaging about 100 million CF/day, reach the 250 million CF/day level. The project's second phase will include additional pipelines as well as an onshore distribution network to industrial customers.

  6. UC International Internships (Thailand and Indonesia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    UC International Internships (Thailand and Indonesia) The University of Canterbury is pleased in Indonesia and Thailand over this summer break (2013-2014). There will be an information session on Tuesday will be expected to participate in. For Indonesia, students will help Indonesian students coming to UC for the next

  7. Thailand | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  8. Thailand

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  9. An Update on Ethanol Production and Utilization in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloyd, Cary N.

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thailand has continued to promote domestic biofuel utilization. Production and consumption of biofuel in Thailand have continued to increase at a fast rate due to aggressive policies of the Thai government in reducing foreign oil import and increasing domestic renewable energy utilization. This paper focuses on ethanol production and consumption, and the use of gasohol in Thailand. The paper is an update on the previous paper--Biofuel Infrastructure Development and Utilization in Thailand--in August 2008.

  10. US fossil fuel technologies for Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buehring, W.A.; Dials, G.E.; Gillette, J.L.; Szpunar, C.B.; Traczyk, P.A.

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy has been encouraging other countries to consider US coal and coal technologies in meeting their future energy needs. Thailand is one of three developing countries determined to be a potentially favorable market for such exports. This report briefly profiles Thailand with respect to population, employment, energy infrastructure and policies, as well as financial, economic, and trade issues. Thailand is shifting from a traditionally agrarian economy to one based more strongly on light manufacturing and will therefore require increased energy resources that are reliable and flexible in responding to anticipated growth. Thailand has extensive lignite deposits that could fuel a variety of coal-based technologies. Atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors could utilize this resource and still permit Thailand to meet emission standards for sulfur dioxide. This option also lends itself to small-scale applications suitable for private-sector power generation. Slagging combustors and coal-water mixtures also appear to have potential. Both new construction and refurbishment of existing plants are planned. 18 refs., 3 figs., 7 tabs.

  11. Thailand natural-gas project moves ahead

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp-Fisher, R.N.; Paritpokee, S.

    1981-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The longest offshore pipeline currently under construction in the world is the 264-mile 34-in. submarine transmission line connecting Union Oil's natural gas production platform in the Gulf of Thailand to the 99-mile 28-in. onshore pipeline being laid from the landfall point to Bangkok. The entire facility will be operating by Sept. 15, 1981. Custody of the gas will be transferred to the Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT) at the platform; the gas will pass through a dewpoint-control unit at the shoreline near Rayong and to a mainline pressure-regulation and odor-injection station before it is delivered to the Electricity Generation Authority of Thailand (EGAT) at two power plants, Bang Pakong and South Bangkok.

  12. Combined cycle meets Thailand's growing power demands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheets, B.A. (Black and Veatch, Kansas City, MO (United States)); Takabut, K. (Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Nonthaburi (Thailand))

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes how an ample supply of natural gas led the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) to choose gas-fired combustion turbines. Thailand's rapid industrialization, which began in the late 1980's, placed a great strain on the country's electricity supply system. The demand for electricity grew at an astonishing 14% annually. To deal with diminishing reserve capacity margins, the EGAT announced, in 1988, a power development program emphasizing gas-fired combined cycle power plants. Plans included six 320-MW combined cycle blocks at three sites, and an additional 600-MW gas- and oil-fired thermal plant at Bang Pakong. As electricity demand continued to increase, EGAT expanded its plans to include two additional 320-MW combined cycle blocks, a 600-MW combined cycle block, and a 650-MW gas- and oil-fired thermal plant. All are currently in various stages of design and construction.

  13. MHK Technologies/TUVALU | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  14. Tuvalu: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. From the Constitution to the Hospital: Universal Health Care in Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mattison, Shawn

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Implementing Quality Management Systems in Thailand: Asystem requires accredited hospitals to apply Total Quality Management (

  16. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, and Vietnam. 7 Includes liquids produced from energy crops,...

  17. Natural ventilation : design for suburban houses in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tantasavasdi, Chalermwat, 1971-

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural Ventilation is the most effective passive cooling design strategy for architecture in hot and humid climates. In Thailand, natural ventilation has been the most essential element in the vernacular architecture such ...

  18. High Performance Computing: Needs and Application for Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuen Poovarawan Putchong; Putchong Uthayopas

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the overview of High Performance Computing, the required components, and its applications. Current state of the HPC researches and facilities in Thailand has also been reviewed along with the HPC related research conducted in Kasetsart University. In summary, HPC is a technology that has an impact on Thailand competitiveness. Yet, much more qualifed man-power and broader recognition of the field are desparately needed.

  19. Petroleum resources of Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents estimates of the total recoverable crude oil from Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Thailand (Thailand is not currently an exporter of petroleum but is included because of its proximity to the South China Sea and its high petroleum potential). Also included is an analysis of potential future rates at which these resources could enter into world markets. However, this analysis does not take into account the possible supply of recoverable resources from nonconventional deposits such as tar sands and oil shale.

  20. Energy and the economy: Soaring development in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Thailand's economy is one of the fastest growing in the world. Spectacular economic growth has brought a number of growing pains, energy being one of the many notables. Thailand's growth campaign has been fueled by oil, and as the economy shows little sign of slowing, energy use continues to grow. The government must balance a surging economy while scrambling to maintain sufficient energy supplies and infrastructure.

  1. An Update on Ethanol Production and Utilization in Thailand—2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloyd, Cary N.; Foster, Nikolas AF

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In spite of the recent political turmoil, Thailand has continued to develop its ethanol based alternative fuel supply and demand infrastructure. Its support of production and sales of ethanol contributed to more than doubling the production over the past five years alone. In April 2014, average consumption stood at 3.18 million liter per day- more than a third on its way to its domestic consumption goal of 9 million liters per day by 2021. Strong government incentives and the phasing out of non-blended gasoline contributed substantially. Concurrently, exports dropped significantly to their lowest level since 2011, increasing the pressure on Thai policy makers to best balance energy independency goals with other priorities, such as Thailand’s trade balance and environmental aspirations. Utilization of second generation biofuels might have the potential to further expand Thailand’s growing ethanol market. Thailand has also dramatically increased its higher ethanol blend vehicle fleet, with all new vehicles sold in the Thai market now being E20 capable and the number of E85 vehicles increasing three fold in the last year from 100,000 in 2013 to 300,000 in 2014.

  2. Kyoto University has launched a Japan-Thailand collaborative research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Kyoto University has launched a Japan-Thailand collaborative research project titled "Development of clean and efficient utilization of low rank coals and biomass by solvent treatment," supported biomass waste as well as low-rank coals into valuable products such as carbon fiber, biofuel, and high

  3. Natural Ventilation Design for Houses in Thailand Chalermwat Tantasavasdia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    This paper explores the potential of using natural ventilation as a passive cooling system for new house windows in suburban houses can be opened. Passive cooling design elements are mostly ignored in modern1 Natural Ventilation Design for Houses in Thailand Chalermwat Tantasavasdia , Jelena Srebricb

  4. Dependency and development in northern Thailand's tourism industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacher, Richard Geoffrey

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ?s citizens and thus little real development taking place (Britton 1982; Khan 1997; Mbaiwa 2005; Milne 1987). Some scholars have argued that alternative forms of tourism such as backpacking, adventure tourism, cultural tourism, and ecotourism are better... opium production (Kampe 1997). In addition to substituting other cash crops for opium it is hoped that tourism can help replace the income generated by opium (Renard 2001). Tourism in Northern Thailand tends to focus more on ecotourism and cultural...

  5. Evidence for cenozoic rifting in Thailand from gravity modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohnstad, Tiffany A.

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    , the continental rift prc&pagated northward along a pre-existin ' zone of weakness in central 'Ihailand. I. PREVIOUS WORK Although geophysical exploration of Thailand and tlie Gulf of Thailaud was performccl priinarily for hydrocarbon and geothermal energy...). Most of these data have been collected froin ivater ivclls. oil wells, and mineral prospecting sites. Heat flow values exceeding 105 mH'/ni ' have been reported in the Fang oil field, San Hampaeng geothermal area. near Ghiang Mai in northern...

  6. The commercial feasibility of underground coal gasification in southern Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solc, J.; Young, B.C.; Harju, J.A.; Schmit, C.R. [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Energy and Environmental Research Center; Boysen, J.E. [B.C. Technologies, Ltd., Laramie, WY (United States); Kuhnel, R.A. [IIASES, Delft (Netherlands)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) is a clean coal technology with the commercial potential to provide low- or medium-Btu gas for the generation of electric power. While the abundance of economic coal and natural gas reserves in the United States of America (USA) has delayed the commercial development of this technology in the USA, potential for commercial development of UCG-fueled electric power generation currently exists in many other nations. Thailand has been experiencing sustained economic growth throughout the past decade. The use of UCG to provide electric power to meet the growing power demand appears to have commercial potential. A project to determine the commercial feasibility of UCG-fueled electric power generation at a site in southern Thailand is in progress. The objective of the project is to determine the commercial feasibility of using UCG for power generation in the Krabi coal mining area located approximately 1,000 kilometers south of Bangkok, Thailand. The project team has developed a detailed methodology to determine the technical feasibility, environmental acceptability, and commercial economic potential of UCG at a selected site. In the methodology, hydrogeologic conditions of the coal seam and surrounding strata are determined first. These results and information describing the local economic conditions are then used to assess the commercial potential of the UCG application. The methodology for evaluating the Krabi UCG site and current project status are discussed in this paper.

  7. Evaluating the feasibility of underground coal gasification in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, B.C.; Harju, J.A.; Schmit, C.R.; Solc, J. [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Energy and Environmental Research Center; Boysen, J. [B.C. Technologies, Ltd., Laramie, WY (United States); Kuehnel, R.A. [International Inst. for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences, Delft (Netherlands)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Underground coal gasification (UCG) is a clean coal technology that converts in situ coal into a low- to medium-grade product gas without the added expense of mining and reclamation. Potential candidates for UCG are those coal resources that are not economically recoverable or that are otherwise unacceptable for conventional coal utilization processes. The Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC), through the sponsorship of the US Trade and Development Agency and in collaboration with the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), is undertaking a feasibility study for the application of UCG in the Krabi coal mining area, 620 miles south of Bangkok in Thailand. The EERC`s objective for this project is to determine the technical, environmental, and economic feasibility of demonstrating and commercializing UCG at a selected site in the Krabi coal mining area. This paper addresses the preliminary developments and ongoing strategy for evaluating the selected UCG site. The technical, environmental, and economic factors for successful UCG operation are discussed, as well as the strategic issues pertaining to future energy expansion in southern Thailand.

  8. Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate Protection

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,InformationThailand-NIESPolicy | Open

  9. Appropriate technology water treatment processes for MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vater, Katherine Ann

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis recommends the use of horizontal-flow roughing filters to treat spring water of variable annual quality in MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand. The public drinking water system for 45,000 refugees is overseen by ...

  10. The Great Equalizer: Health Care Access and Infant Mortality in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruber, Jonathan

    This paper analyzes Thailand's 2001 healthcare reform, "30 Baht." The program increased funding available to hospitals to care for the poor and reduced copays to 30 Baht (~$0.75). Our estimates suggest the supply-side ...

  11. The Development of Improved Energy Efficient Housing for Thailand Utilizing Renewable Energy Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasisuttha, S.; Haberl, J.

    SimBuild 2004, IBPSA-USA National Conference, Boulder, CO, August 4-6th, 2004, p. 1 THE DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED ENERGY EFFICIENT 1 HOUSING FOR THAILAND UTILIZING RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY 2 3... The paper reports on the results of research to reduce energy consumption in residential buildings in a hot and humid climate region (Thailand) using efficient architectural building components, energy efficient building systems, and renewable energy...

  12. Extensional tectonics in the Gulf of Thailand and South China Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Susan Marie

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EXTENSIONAL TECTONICS IN THE GULF OF THAILAND AND SOUTH CHINA SEA A Thesis by SUSAN MARIE MARSHALI. Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requhements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE AUGUST 1992 Major Subject: Geophysics EXTENSIONAL TECTONICS IN THE GULF OF THAILAND AND SOUTH CHINA SEA A Thesis by SUSAN MARIF MARSHALL Approved as to style and content by: Steven . H der (Chairman of Committee) Robert J. Mc...

  13. Thailand's gas line underway: coating a major achievement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, D.

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using primarily local personnel and materials, Bredero Price International's Thai pipe-coating plant has prepared some 374 miles of 34 and 28-in. pipe for service in the Gulf of Thailand gas-pipeline project. The enamel-coating shop cleaned, primed and coated all the pipe with coal-tar enamel, glass-fiber mat, felt, and a kraft-paper outer wrap; the cement-coating facility then added a concrete-weight coating to the portion of the pipe earmarked for offshore duty. Scheduled for a 1981 completion, the pipeline will initially carry 250 million CF/day to power-generating plants in Bangpakong and South Bangkok; the volume transported will eventually reach 500 million CF/day when addition offshore production is tied in to the line and an offshore compressor station added.

  14. An Energy Overview of the Kingdom of Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Thailand. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resource s permit.

  15. Preparation and gasification of a Thailand coal-water fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ness, R.O. Jr.; Anderson, C.M.; Musich, M.A.; Richter, J.J.; Dewall, R.A.; Young, B.C. [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Energy and Environmental Research Center; Nakanart, A. [Ministry of Industry, Bangkok (Thailand)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to an inquiry by the Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) in Thailand, the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) prepared a four-task program to assess the responsiveness of Wiang Haeng coal to the temperature and pressure conditions of hot-water drying (HWD). The results indicate that HWD made several improvements in the coal, notably increases in heating value and carbon content and reductions in equilibrium moisture and oxygen content. The equilibrium moisture content decreased from 37.4 wt% for the raw coal to about 20 wt% for the HWD coals. The energy density, determined at 500 cP, indicates an increase from 4450 to 6650 Btu/lb by hydrothermal treatment. Raw and HWD coal were then gasified at various mild gasification conditions of 700 C and 30 psig. The tests indicated that the coal is probably similar to other low-rank coals and will produce high levels of hydrogen and be fairly reactive.

  16. Oil shale and coal in intermontane basins of Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibling, M.R.; Srisuk, S.; Ukakimaphan, Y.

    1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mae Tip intermontane basin contains Cenozoic oil shales in beds up to 1 m (3.3 ft) thick interbedded with coal and mudstone. The oil shales contain lamosite-type alginite, and give a maximum oil yield of 122 L/MT (29.3 gal/ton). The beds are laterally continuous for at least 1.5 km (1.0 mi), but pass into mudstones toward the basin margin. The oil shales originated when peat swamps close to a steep basin margin were flooded by shallow lakes, allowing algae to replace rooted vegetation. This distinctive oil shale-coal assemblage is known from many small intermontane basins in Thailand, where locally high geothermal gradients suggest potential for hydrocarbons.

  17. Area Study prior to Companion Modelling to Integrate Multiple Interests in Upper Watershed Management of Northern Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Management of Northern Thailand C. Barnaud*, G. Trébuil**, P. Dumrongrojwatthana***, J. Marie**** * CU of northern Thailand have long been accused of degrading the upper watersheds of the country's major basins communities and state agencies, calling for the need for adapted participatory methodologies to facilitate

  18. Fluidized bed combustor 50 MW thermal power plant, Krabi, Thailand. Feasibility study. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report presents the results of a study prepared by Burns and Roe for the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand to examine the technical feasibility and economic attractiveness for building a 50 MW Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion lignite fired power plant at Krabi, southern Thailand. The study is divided into seven main sections, plus an executive summary and appendices: (1) Introduction; (2) Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion Technology Overview; (3) Fuel and Limestone Tests; (4) Site Evaluation; (5) Station Design and Arrangements; (6) Environmental Considerations; (7) Economic Analysis.

  19. Tonga Capital Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. A feasibility study for underground coal gasification at Krabi Mine, Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solc, J.; Steadman, E.N. [Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND (United States); Boysen, J.E. [BC Technologies, Laramie, WY (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A study to evaluate the technical, economical, and environmental feasibility of underground coal gasification (UCG) in the Krabi Mine, Thailand, was conducted by the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) in cooperation with B.C. Technologies (BCT) and the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT). The selected coal resource was found suitable to fuel a UCG facility producing 460,000 MJ/h (436 million Btu/h) of 100--125 Btu/scf gas for 20 years. The raw UCG gas could be produced for a selling price of $1.94/MMBtu. The UCG facility would require a total investment of $13.8 million for installed capital equipment, and annual operating expenses for the facility would be $7.0 million. The UCG gas could be either cofired in a power plant currently under construction or power a 40 MW simple-cycle gas turbine or a 60 MW combined-cycle power plant.

  1. Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,InformationThailand-NIES Low-Carbon

  2. Thailand-National Energy Efficiency Plan and Evidence-based Mitigation

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,InformationThailand-NIES

  3. Perspectives on the institutional needs of joint implementation projects for China, Egypt, India, Mexico, and Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mabel, M.; Watt, E.; Sathaye, J. [eds.] [and others

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One avenue for reducing the net emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) under the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) is the joint implementation (JI) of policies and projects to the Convention. Although debate on the practical aspects of JI projects is relatively young, it already includes issues concerning the ability of governments to accept JI projects as well as the project participants` capacity to monitor, evaluate, and verify the financial and GHG benefits. The focus of this paper is an in-depth, country-by-country analysis of current and conceivable institutions in potential host countries. To understand these concerns better, in August 1994 the authors asked colleagues in five developing countries to evaluate their countries` institutional capacity for JI projects. Their perspectives are presented here as individual country case studies. The five countries--Mexico, Egypt, Thailand, India, and China--were chosen because each has significant potential for JI projects.

  4. Reclamation planning and operation at the Mae Moh Lignite Mine, Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, S.D. [Stuart D. Miller & Associates, Balmain (Australia); Teparat, C. [Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Mae Moh (Thailand)

    1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mae Moh Mine is a large open cut lignite mine situated in Northern Thailand. The mine produces lignite for coal fired power stations located adjacent to the mine. Current mine production is approximately 9 Mtpa providing lignite to eight power stations with a total output of 1,125 MW. The power development plan for Mae Moh provides for 19 power stations by the year 1999 which will require lignite production to be increased to 30.5 Mtpa and overburden will be mined at a rate approaching 300 Mtpa. Environmental management and reclamation planning at Mae Moh are major issues due to water quality impact and land use conflicts. This paper presents the key elements of the reclamation master plan and works strategy for progressive reclamation and water pollution control.

  5. Water Footprints of Cassava- and Molasses-Based Ethanol Production in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mangmeechai, Aweewan, E-mail: aweewan.m@nida.ac.th [National Institute of Development Administration, International College (Major in Public Policy and Management) (Thailand)] [National Institute of Development Administration, International College (Major in Public Policy and Management) (Thailand); Pavasant, Prasert [Chulalongkorn University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering (Thailand)] [Chulalongkorn University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering (Thailand)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Thai government has been promoting renewable energy as well as stimulating the consumption of its products. Replacing transport fuels with bioethanol will require substantial amounts of water and enhance water competition locally. This study shows that the water footprint (WF) of molasses-based ethanol is less than that of cassava-based ethanol. The WF of molasses-based ethanol is estimated to be in the range of 1,510-1,990 L water/L ethanol, while that of cassava-based ethanol is estimated at 2,300-2,820 L water/L ethanol. Approximately 99% of the water in each of these WFs is used to cultivate crops. Ethanol production requires not only substantial amounts of water but also government interventions because it is not cost competitive. In Thailand, the government has exploited several strategies to lower ethanol prices such as oil tax exemptions for consumers, cost compensation for ethanol producers, and crop price assurances for farmers. For the renewable energy policy to succeed in the long run, the government may want to consider promoting molasses-based ethanol production as well as irrigation system improvements and sugarcane yield-enhancing practices, since molasses-based ethanol is more favorable than cassava-based ethanol in terms of its water consumption, chemical fertilizer use, and production costs.

  6. Density equation of bio-coal briquettes and quantity of maize cob in Phitsanulok, Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patomsok Wilaipon [Naresuan University, Phitsanulok (Thailand). Department of Mechanical Engineering

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most important crops in Phitsanulok, a province in Northern Thailand, is maize. BaseD on the calculation, the quantity of maize cob produced in this region was approximately 220 kton year{sup -1}. The net heating value of maize cob was found to be 14.2 MJ kg{sup -1}. Therefore, the total energy over 874 TJ year-1 can be obtained from this agricultural waste. In the experiments, maize cob was utilized as the major ingredient for producing biomass-coal briquettes. The maize cob was treated with sodium hydroxide solution before mixing with coal fine. The ratios of coal:maize were 1:2 and 1:3, respectively. The range of briquetting pressures was from 4-8 MPa. The result showed that the density was strongly affected by both parameters. Finally, the relationship between biomass ratio, briquetting pressures and briquette density was developed and validated by using regression technique. 13 refs., 2 figs.

  7. Preparation and combustion of coal-water fuel from the Sin Pun coal deposit, southern Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to an inquiry by the Department of Mineral Resources in Thailand, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) prepared a program to assess the responsiveness of Sin Pun lignite to the temperature and pressure conditions of hot-water drying. The results indicate that drying made several improvements in the coal, notably increases in heating value and carbon content and reductions in equilibrium moisture and oxygen content. The equilibrium moisture content decreased from 27 wt% for the raw coal to about 15 wt% for the hot-water-dried (HWD) coals. The energy density for a pumpable coal-water fuel (CWF) indicates an increase from 4500 to 6100 Btu/lb by hot-water drying. Approximately 650 lb of HWD Sin Pun CWF were fired in the EERC`s combustion test facility. The fuel burned extremely well, with no feed problems noted during the course of the test. Fouling and slagging deposits each indicated a very low rate of ash deposition, with only a dusty layer formed on the cooled metal surfaces. The combustor was operated at between 20% and 25% excess air, resulting in a flue gas SO{sub 2} concentration averaging approximately 6500 parts per million.

  8. From comfort to kilowatts: An integrated assessment of electricity conservation in Thailand's commercial sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busch, J.F. Jr.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thailand serves as a case study of the potential to conserve electricity in the fast-growing commercial sectors of the tropical developing world. We performed a field study of over 1100 Thai office workers in which a questionnaire survey and simultaneous physical measurements were taken. Both air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned buildings were included. We analyzed Thai subjective responses on the ASHRAE, McIntyre and other rating scales, relating them to Effective Temperature, demographics, and to rational indices of warmth such as PMV and TSENS. These results suggest that without sacrificing comfort, significant energy conservation opportunities exist through the relaxation of upper space temperature limits. To investigate the potential for conserving energy in a cost-effective manner, we performed a series of parametric simulations using the DOE-2.1D computer program on three commercial building prototypes based on actual buildings in Bangkok; an office, a hotel, and a shopping center. We investigated a wide range of energy conservation measures appropriate for each building type, from architectural measures to HVAC equipment and control solutions. The best measures applied in combination into high efficiency cases can generate energy savings in excess of 50%. Economic analyses performed for the high efficiency cases, resulted in costs of conserved energy of less than and internal rates of return in excess of 40%. Thermal cool storage, cogeneration, and gas cooling technology showed promise as cost-effective electric load management strategies.

  9. Wiang Haeng coal-water fuel preparation and gasification, Thailand - task 39

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, C.M.; Musich, M.A.; Young, B.C. [and others

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to an inquiry by the Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) in Thailand, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) prepared a four-task program to assess the responsiveness of Wiang Haeng coal to the temperature and pressure conditions of hot-water drying (HWD). The results indicate that HWD made several improvements in the coal, notably increases (HWD). The results indicate that HWD made several improvements in the coal, notably increases in heating value and carbon content and reductions in equilibrium moisture and oxygen content. The equilibrium moisture content decreased from 37.4 wt% for the raw coal to about 20 wt% for the HWD coals. The energy density for a pumpable coal-water fuel indicates an increase from 4450 to 6650 Btu/lb by hydrothermal treatment. Raw and HWD coal were then gasified at various mild gasification conditions of 700{degrees}C and 30 psig. The tests indicated that the coal is probably similar to other low-rank coals, will produce high levels of hydrogen, and be fairly reactive.

  10. Geochemistry and mineralogy of fly-ash from the Mae Moh lignite deposit, Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, B.R.; Powell, M.A.; Fyfe, W.S. [Univ. of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Geology; Ratanasthien, B. [Univ. of Chaing Mai (Thailand). Dept. of Geology

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concentration of 21 elements in fly ash from three boilers (75 MW, 150 MW, and 300 MW) at the EGAT power plant, Mae Moh, Thailand, were determined by INAA. The concentration of 10 major elements was determined by XRF. As, Co, Cr, Ni, Mo, and Sb generally increase in concentration going from bottom ash (BA) through the sequence of electrostatic precipitator ashes (ESPA) and reach maxima of As (352 ppm), Co (45 ppm), Cr (105 ppm), Mo (32 ppm), Ni (106 ppm), and Sb (15 ppm) in the ESPA. Ce, Cs, Fe, Hf, La, Sc, Ta, Tb, and Yb did not exhibit concentration trends or are variable except in the case of one boiler, which showed an increase going from BA to ESPA. Only Br decreased in composition going from BA to ESPA. Rb, Sm, U, and Th showed marked variation in trends. The major elements identified by EDS were Al, Si, S, K, Ca, Fe, and Ba, with minor amounts of Mg, Na, Ti, Mn, and Sr. Al, Si, K, and Ca occur together and are present in most of the fly-ash particles. Ba was found as a major component with Ca, Al, and Si. Fe and Ca are usually associated with sulfur. Some small spheres (< 5 {mu}m) are comprised almost entirely of Fe (probably as oxide). Symplectite textures are noted in high-Fe phases. All elements except Br are significantly enriched in the fly ash relative to the coal, which contains 35% ash. Particle chemistry is consistent with the major mineral phases identified by XRD, which include: quartz, magnetite, mullite, gehlenite, anorthite, hematite, anhydrite, and clinopyroxene.

  11. Student-based archaeological geophysics in northern Thailand Emily A. Hinz*, Lee M. Liberty, and Spencer H. Wood, Boise State University, Fongsaward Singharajawarapan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Student-based archaeological geophysics in northern Thailand Emily A. Hinz*, Lee M. Liberty participants to evaluate the practicality and effectiveness of various geophysical techniques: seismic methods including refraction and reflection (not discussed here), ground- penetrating-radar (GPR), DC resistivity

  12. The distribution of ten trace elements and minerals in three lignite seams from the Mae Moh Mine, Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, B.; Powell, M.P.; Fyfe, W.S. [Univ. of Ontario (Canada)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the association of major, minor and trace elements in lignites and their accompanying strata is important from a number of perspectives which include: potential health problems from environmental pollutants, rehabilitation after mining, combustion for power etc. The material which follows represents some preliminary observations on the mineralogy and distribution of 10 trace elements in lignites and accompanying sediments from the Mae Moh mine, Thailand. Samples collected from freshly exposed mine faces were air dried and analyzed for moisture and ash. Trace element concentrations were determined on {open_quotes}whole{close_quotes} coals and sediments by NAA and XRF. All chemical analyses are expressed as a fraction of the total dry sediment. Mineralogy of both LTA and sediments was determined by XRD. The chemistry and morphology of individual particles were examined by the Electron microprobe. The analyses are used to make some conclusions about the spatial occurrence of these elements within the seam and their partitioning between organic and inorganic phases.

  13. Feasibility study for underground coal gasification at the Krabi coal mine site, Thailand: Volume 1. Progress report, December 1--31, 1995; Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, B.C.; Schmit, C.R.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report, conducted by Energy and Environmental Research Center, was funded by the US Trade and Development Agency. The objective of this report was to determine the technical, environmental and economic feasibility of developing, demonstrating, and commercializing underground coal gasification (UCG) at the Krabi coal mine site in Southern Thailand. This is Volume 1, the Progress Report for the period December 1, 1995, through December 31, 1995.

  14. GSTM1 and CYP1A1 polymorphisms, tobacco, air pollution, and lung cancer: a study in rural Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pisani, P.; Srivatanakul, P.; Randerson-Moor, J.; Vipasrinimit, S.; Lalitwongsa, S.; Unpunyo, P.; Bashir, S.; Bishop, D.T.

    2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Incidence rates of lung cancer is high in Lampang Province in northern Thailand, particularly in women. This study was conducted to quantify the risk of lung cancer associated with exposures prevalent in the area and to investigate possible interactions with genetic susceptibility. The presence of several large open-cast coal mines from 1955 close to electricity-generating plants was a particular focus of concern. A point source air pollution exposure index was calculated for each village/ township reported in residential histories based on the linear distance from the Mae Moh Center (the area of the electricity-generating plants), the year-specific gaseous (SO{sub 2} and NO{sub 2}) or total suspended particulate emissions from the Mae Moh Power Plant, and the percentage of wind from the center. Odds ratios for the disease associated with categorical variables were estimated within unconditional logistic regression. Extraction of genomic DNA and genotyping of variants in CYP1A1 and GSTM1 were conducted to assess the extent of modification of risk by these genes that are involved in the metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Smoking of local high tar unfiltered products is commonamongst women. None of the three polymorphisms examined increased the risk of lung cancer or modified the risk associated with smoking. 96% of male and 64% of female lung cancer incidence were explained by tobacco smoking. None of the potential sources of air pollution deriving from the combustion of coal and wood, or polymorphisms in the CYP1A1 gene or deletion of the GSTM1 had an effect on the risk of lung cancer, either together or separately.

  15. Part I: International and Regional Management Arrangements Global International Whaling Commission (IWC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Togo, Tuvalu

  16. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Singapore Slovenia Spain Suriname Switzerland Tanzania TongaSingapore Slovenia Spain Suriname Switzerland Tanzania TongaSingapore Slovenia Spain Suriname Switzerland Tanzania Tonga

  17. Correlations of urinary cadmium with hypertension and diabetes in persons living in cadmium-contaminated villages in northwestern Thailand: A population study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swaddiwudhipong, Witaya, E-mail: swaddi@hotmail.com [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Mahasakpan, Pranee [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Limpatanachote, Pisit; Krintratun, Somyot [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak (Thailand)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak (Thailand)

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk for hypertension and diabetes has not been conclusively found to be a result of cadmium exposure. A population-based study was conducted in 2009 to examine the correlations of urinary cadmium, a good biomarker of long-term cadmium exposure, with hypertension and diabetes in persons aged 35 years and older who lived in the 12 cadmium-contaminated rural villages in northwestern Thailand. A total of 5273 persons were interviewed and screened for urinary cadmium, hypertension, and diabetes. The geometric mean level of urinary cadmium for women (2.4{+-}2.3 {mu}g/g creatinine) was significantly greater than that for men (2.0{+-}2.2 {mu}g/g creatinine). Hypertension was presented in 29.8% of the study population and diabetes was detected in 6.6%. The prevalence of hypertension significantly increased from 25.0% among persons in the lowest tertile of urinary cadmium to 35.0% in the highest tertile. In women, the rate of hypertension significantly increased with increasing urinary cadmium levels in both ever and never smokers, after adjusting for age, alcohol consumption, body mass index, and diabetes. In men, such association was less significantly found in never smokers. The study revealed no significant association between urinary cadmium and diabetes in either gender. Our study supports the hypothesis that environmental exposure to cadmium may increase the risk of hypertension. Risk for diabetes in relation to cadmium exposure remains uncertain in this exposed population.

  18. The nature of the northern terminus of the Tonga Trench, southwest Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to increase near the trench axis, as the Pacific Plate continues to bend downward into the subduction zone. Profiles 1-3 (Fig. 9) exhibit classic subduction zone morphology: pronounced bending of the downgoing plate into the trench and bending- induced... in the trench, has been verified by the focal mechanisms and distribution of earthquakes in the region (Isacks et al. , 1969). Other major bathymetric features of the Pacific Plate also trend 0 0 east-west. They are Pasco Bank at 13 S, 174. 5 W and Taviuni...

  19. Tonga-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark JumpDetective: TerminologyTolerable PlanetToltec

  20. Progress in cadmium-related health effects in persons with high environmental exposure in northwestern Thailand: A five-year follow-up

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swaddiwudhipong, Witaya, E-mail: swaddi@hotmail.com [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Limpatanachote, Pisit [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Mahasakpan, Pranee [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Krintratun, Somyot [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand); Punta, Boonyarat; Funkhiew, Thippawan [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)] [Department of Community and Social Medicine, Mae Sot General Hospital, Tak 63110 (Thailand)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Food-borne cadmium was the principal source of exposure for persons living in the 12 cadmium-contaminated villages in Mae Sot District, Tak Province, northwestern Thailand. This report presents progress in cadmium-related health effects among persons with high cadmium exposure. The study included 436 persons who had urinary cadmium levels {>=}5 {mu}g/g creatinine and were screened for urinary cadmium, renal function, hypertension, diabetes and urinary stones in 2005 (baseline) and 2010 (5-year follow-up). Study renal biomarkers included urinary excretion of {beta}{sub 2}-microglobulin ({beta}{sub 2}-MG), total protein and calcium, serum creatinine and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The geometric mean level of urinary cadmium statistically significantly reduced from 9.5{+-}1.6 {mu}g/g creatinine in 2005 to 8.8{+-}1.6 {mu}g/g creatinine in 2010. Compared to baseline, the follow-up examination revealed significant increases in urinary {beta}{sub 2}-MG (tubular effect), urinary total protein and serum creatinine, and a decrease in GFR (glomerular effects). Progressive renal dysfunctions were similarly observed in persons both with and without reduction in cadmium intake. Significant increases in prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and urinary stones were also detected at follow-up. These three disorders were found to markedly impair renal functions in the study persons. Our study indicates that in persons with prolonged excessive cadmium exposure, toxic health effects may progress even after exposure reduction. Renal damage from cadmium can be due to its direct nephrotoxic effect and also through the related disorders causing nephropathy.

  1. 1 (Awaji-shima) 297 2 (Fukui) 200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Christmas Island) 110 136 (Tarawa) 130 137 (Other) 90 138 (Tuvalu) 120 (Palau Rep.of) 139 (Koror) 255 140

  2. Foreign Fishery Developments Thailand's Shrimp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , feeder roads, shrimp hatcheries, shrimp nurseries, feed mills, cold storage, and processing plants. Located within an hour's drive ofSong khla's new deep-waterport, the burgeon ing shrimp industry will have-production, processingand marketing-continues ata feverish pace. However, the industry faces significant problems, mostly

  3. The 1996 U.S. Purse Seine Fishery for Tropical Tunas in the Central-Western Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tonga

  4. Joseph Skowronek, '06 Khao Lak, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the rest of the trip. We went to the volunteer center to talk to them about where they needed the most help. This is when we decided to work construction in a village called Laem Pom, where the majority of the Tsunami in the construction work; rather they cooked in a community kitchen. The women got together and prepared all

  5. Constructed Wetlands for Industry in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heal, Kate

    River Ecosystem Quality Improvement. ­ Environmental Public Policy About us Community wastewater Laem) About us #12;23/05/2012 2 Research Centre for Environmental and Hazardous Substance Management 4,500 - 10,000 cubic meters of wastewater per day Laem Phak Bia Five ponds 1 sedimentation pond, 3

  6. Bangkok, Thailand: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio Jump to:Ayuda:PalabrasBadema

  7. Thailand: Asia Pacific energy series: Country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fridley, D.

    1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of the Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked upon country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each country within the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic situation and, when possible, of the political situation in the country under study. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, as much as possible, we have provided the latest available statistics---more often than not, from unpublished sources. Staff members have traveled extensively in the countries under review and have spoken to top policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but the latest thinking on energy issues in various countries. It is our hope that over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. 48 refs., 23 figs., 56 tabs.

  8. Thailand-IEA Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark Jump to:TetraSunanalysis, Technology characterizations

  9. Thailand: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark Jump to:TetraSunanalysis, TechnologyEnergy

  10. Thailand Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,Information Global FlexTexsa S AThai

  11. Gas treatment and by-products recovery of Thailand`s first coke plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diemer, P.E.; Seyfferth, W. [Krupp Uhde GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Coke is needed in the blast furnace as the main fuel and chemical reactant and the main product of a coke plant. The second main product of the coke plant is coke oven gas. During treatment of the coke oven gas some coal chemicals like tar, ammonia, sulphur and benzole can be recovered as by-products. Since the market prices for these by-products are rather low and often erratic it does not in most cases justify the investment to recover these products. This is the reason why modern gas treatment plants only remove those impurities from the crude gas which must be removed for technical and environmental reasons. The cleaned gas, however, is a very valuable product as it replaces natural gas in steel work furnaces and can be used by other consumers. The surplus can be combusted in the boiler of a power plant. A good example for an optimal plant layout is the new coke oven facility of Thai Special Steel Industry (TSSI) in Rayong. The paper describes the TSSI`s coke oven gas treatment plant.

  12. Density anomalies in the crust and upper mantle below the Tonga-Kermadec trench and below the Rio Grande Rift: implied magnitude and orientation of maximum shear stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mecham, Brent Bradshaw

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    mantle, but it was found that a density contrast of +0. 80 gm/cms, between the crust and the mantle, was necessary to reduce the thickness of the crust to around 12 km seaward of the trench, half the value obtained by Christian, and closer to the 6... in magnitude to the work done by the force of gravity in moving that body from infinity to its present position. This potential energy may be expressed in cartesian coordinates as: I'((. ib t) = Gp/[(z ? () + (y ? rl) + (= ? I) )dl'. Jv We define ((, il, p...

  13. Introduction/Contexte godynamique Nicolas Chamot-Rooke Les subductions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madariaga, RaĂşl

    Molluques Nouvelles Hébrides Seram Timor N. Guinée Tonga Kermadec Hikurangi Macquarie Yap-Palau Izu. Guinée Tonga Kermadec Hikurangi Macquarie Yap-Palau Izu-Bonin Mariannes Ryukyu Nankai Japon Kuriles

  14. NOAAlNMFS Developments U.S. and South Pacific Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Is lands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu Marianas .. Philippines G\\ '; . uam . ~.~ ..·F·il·~;~~~';;::;:;' ....c;:. ;M'''h'''','''''' . : . Palau

  15. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization United States Agency for International Development, United States Environmental...

  16. Modeling the Water and Nutrient Freshwater Aquaculture in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    parameters 22 5.6 Biodegradation 23 6 Nile tilapia feeding on pellet: Data acquisition and results 24 6 to the canal. Catfish (lat. Clarias batrachus) has the highest production in the area and is also the most of freshwater because of the intensive production. Nutrient loads coming from catfish ponds are the highest

  17. Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    biofuel feedstock crops. How the Thai Government manages the potential pressures that the bioenergy sector will exert on its natural resources and agricultural markets and the...

  18. The Impact of Climate Change on Electricity Demand in Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parkpoom, Suchao Jake

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate change is expected to lead to changes in ambient temperature, wind speed, humidity, precipitation and cloud cover. As electricity demand is closely influenced by these climatic variables, there is likely to be ...

  19. Reinventing Siam: Ideas and Culture in Thailand, 1920-1944

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subrahmanyan, Arjun

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    foreign camera and his eyeglasses bearing a Western name,close to a When his eyeglasses are destroyed, Pachaneuk

  20. Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phumsathan, Sangsan

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge of visitor impacts is critical for sustainable tourism management in national parks. The focus of past tourism impact research on national parks is either on bio-physical impacts (conducted as recreation ecology research) or on social...

  1. Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Partner on behalf of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission...

  2. United States - Thailand (Siam) relations 1937-1954

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosman, Timothy John

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    :lance of independence by an accom. , od- tion r:. 1th '-he J. . p nese occup='tion i. hai relations uith the United States, ;, hich ?as attacked on t no same 'ay becaa'e diiiicult clio strained;. hen th United Stat. s ente=taine; no ic!ea of reacl". ing any accom... unforiuna-cIy p ove~. ' ineffectual a id too late. Japanese po". ier seemed! i re- sistible, and chen. exerted or Decem!aer 7, 1941, the Tilal government c!ecided after only a '" -icf defiance to rego- tiatc a cease-fire and attempt io preserve a emi...

  3. Social capital and participatory slum upgrading in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archer, Diane

    2010-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    t i o n …………………… … … … … … … . . 39 Figure 3.2: A summary of the commun i t y partici p a t i o n paradig m ………………. . 42 Figure 3.3: The hierarc h i c a l oper ation of social capital …………………………... 49 Figure 3.4: Indicat o r s of social capital... the Baan Mankong (“secure housing”) programme in Bangkok. The Baan Mankong progra m me uses commun i t y par tic i p a t i o n to meet the housin g needs of the urban poor, with finan c i a l assis t a nc e from the state . Sin ce starti n g in 2003...

  4. Southern thailand coal fired project: Feasibility study. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study, conducted by Black & Veatch International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. This volume of the report is the Feasibility Study and is divided into the following sections: (1) Introduction/Summary; (2) Generation Planning Study; (3) Site Selection Study; (4) Project Description; (5) Fuel Resource Assessment; (6) Water Resource Assessment; (7) Technical Information to Support the Environmental Impact Assessment; (8) Plant Conceptual Design; (9) Transmission Interconnection; (10) Project Capital Cost Estimate; (11) Project Schedule; (12) Project Implementation Plan; (13) Project Risk Analysis.

  5. Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark Jump to:TetraSunanalysis, Technology

  6. Thailand Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading map...Developing

  7. Thailand-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading

  8. Thailand-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading(CTI PFAN) | Open

  9. Thailand-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading(CTI PFAN) | Open

  10. Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading(CTI PFAN) |

  11. Thailand-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading(CTI PFAN)

  12. Thailand-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading(CTI PFAN)Energy

  13. Thailand-National Energy Policy and Development Plan | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading(CTI

  14. Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate Protection

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading(CTIPolicy | Open

  15. Thailand-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading(CTIPolicy

  16. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,Information Global FlexTexsa S

  17. Thailand-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,Information Global

  18. Thailand-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,Information GlobalInformation

  19. A unified model of island biogeography sheds light on the zone of radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    890 50 1 46 43 3 0 Tonga Australia 699 3000 11 15 13 2 0 Palau Papua New Guinea 494 585 4 26 14 12 0

  20. The Big Trees Were Kings: Challenges for Global Response to Climate Change and Tropical Forests Loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irland, Lloyd C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil Guyana Mexico Suriname India Vietnam Gabon ThailandMalaysia France Laos Guyana Suriname Thailand MadagascarLeone, Solomon Islands, Suriname, Thailand, Uruguay, Uganda,

  1. Marine Geophysical Researches 21: 489511, 2000. 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    , UK; 3Department of Geology & Geophysics, School of Ocean & Earth Science &Technology, University margins, map series, multibeam bathymetry, tectonic erosion, Tonga forearc, Tonga Trench Abstract Four new-going programs in the region, particularly the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) and the National Science Foundation

  2. The Efficiency of Mollies, Poecilia mexicana, as Live Bait for Pole-and-Line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that limited bait supplies prevent further expansion of skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, pole-line skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, fishing. Fishing trials were con- ducted in American Samoa, Tuvalu to Katsuwonus pelamis and yel- lowfin tuna refers to Thunnus alba- cares, as given by Klawe (1977). Patrick G

  3. A forecasting model of tourist arrivals from major markets to Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao, Ching

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    International tourism is a rapidly growing phenomenon hics. worldwide. However, the East Asia and Pacific Region is expected to be the focus of the worldwide tourism industry in the new millennium because tourist arrivals and receipts registered a...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - area central thailand Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences and Ecology 89 Information for the Commercialisation of Renewables in ASEAN (ICRA) Summary: ) 450 kWp (grid connected PV) Philippines 5.1 kWhm2 day 1 MW...

  5. Global Network Kyoto University has opened a new center in Bangkok, Thailand, dedicated to supporting research,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    to supporting research, education, and international collaborations across the ASEAN region. To mark the launch of these activities, an official opening ceremony and a symposium titled "Kyoto University in ASEAN -- Past, Present, government, and industry from ASEAN member states and Japan convened at the opening ceremony

  6. Behaviours and attitudes in the management of nonpoint source pollution: Ping River Basin, Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bumbudsanpharoke, Wimolpat

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agricultural nonpoint source pollution is recognised as a major cause of water pollution. The characteristics of nonpoint source pollution suggest that an efficient approach should focus on a source control and hence land-use management. Recently...

  7. RURAL POVERTY AND DIVERSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMS IN UPPER NORTHEAST THAILAND.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to the Social Sciences Division, International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. 3 it still help reduce poverty, like in the late sixties and seventies during the "Green Revolution", which

  8. Reinventing flexibility : a hybrid paradigm for Thai markets in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pattamasattayasonthi, Ekachai

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis asserts that the current form of the proliferating modernization of Thai markets in terms of economic growth and the incorporation of building technology to improve goods storage, attractive envelope, and ...

  9. Determinants of Success for Community-based Tourism: The Case of Floating Markets in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajirakachorn, Thanathorn

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    of participatory planning in Indonesia (1999), Li’s (2006) study of community participation in tourism in China, Hipwell’s study of community- based ecotourism (CBET) in Taiwan (2007), Al-Oun and Al-Homoud’s study of CBT in 4 Jordan (2008), and Sebele’s study... “discussed without reference to sustainable development” (1997, p. 857). Due to the popularity of SD, the label of ST has been attached to various types of tourism concepts and products such as nature-based tourism, ecotourism, adventure tourism, and so on...

  10. Stakeholder perceived barriers to the use of solar energy in Thailand's buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevarthen, Manda

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Energy efficiency and use of renewable energy is currently a key topic given rising fuel prices and concerns regarding future energy security. Governments around the… (more)

  11. Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Klong Luang, Pathumthani, Thailand The Small Earth Nepal (SEN), Kathmandu, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Earth Nepal (SEN), Kathmandu, Nepal Center of Research for Environment Energy and Water (CREEW), Kathmandu, Nepal International Research Center for River Basin Environment-University of Yamanashi (ICRE). Kathmandu Valley Groundwater Outlook. Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), The Small Earth Nepal (SEN

  12. Thailand-National Energy Efficiency Plan and Evidence-based Mitigation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    will be developed and tested as an implementation mechanism. The goal is to reduce the energy intensity of the industrial and commercial sectors by 25% by the year 2030 (from...

  13. Architectures of Citizenship : : Democracy, Development, and the Politics of Participation in Northeastern Thailand's Railway Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elinoff, Eli Asher

    architecture to simultaneously improve physical infrastructure, remediate poverty, build a sustainable

  14. The International Workshop on Mechatronics 2006 December 12-13, 2006, Supalai Resort, Saraburi, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fujimoto, Hiroshi

    . In addition, it has an EDLC bank for an energy buffer. Two DC motors of the wheelchair are driven by a newly for the electric wheelchair. Keywords: wheelchair, PEM fuel cell, EDLC, DC motor, four-quadrant DC chopper 1 Membrane) fuel cell. The wheelchair also has an EDLC (Electric Double Layer Capacitor) bank for an energy

  15. Thermal and lighting performance of toplighting systems in the hot and humid climate of Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harntaweewongsa, Siritip

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    performance of three toplighting systems were compared. For the thermal performance, total cooling loads, heat gains and losses, and interior temperature were evaluated. The lighting performance parameters examined were daylight factor, illuminance level...

  16. Southern thailand coal fired project: Conceptual design. Volume 1. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. The study is accompanied by four Conceptual Design manuals. The manual was prepared to communicate project design parameters and requirements to participants of the project, and to control uniformity of design concepts throughout the project. This is Volume 1 of the Conceptual Design and is divided into the following sections: (1) Project Descirption; (2) Site Investigations; (3) Permits and Licenses; (4) Site Planning and Information; (5) Meteorology; (6) Generation Plant Planning; (7) Generatioin Plant Information; (8) Economic Criteria; (9) System Design; (10) Structural Engineering Design Criteria; (11) Mechanical Engineering Design Criteria; (12) Electrical Engineering Design Criteria; (13) Control Engineering Design Criteria; (14) Chemical Engineering Design Criteria; (15) Equipment Nomenclature and Numbering.

  17. Southern thailand coal fired project: Conceptual design. Volume 3. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study, conducted by Black & Veatch International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. The study is accompanied by four Conceptual Design manuals. The manual was prepared to communicate project design parameters and requirements to participants of the project, and to control uniformity of design concepts throughout the project. This is Volume 3 of the Conceptual Design manual which is divided into 12 sections pertaining to System Design Specifications.

  18. Southern thailand coal fired project: Conceptual design. Volume 2. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study, conducted by Black & Veatch International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. The study is accompanied by four Conceptual Design manuals. The manual was prepared to communicate project design parameters and requirements to participants of the project, and to control uniformity of design concepts throughout the project. This is Volume 2 of the Conceptual Design and is divided into the following sections: (1) General Studies; (2) System Analyses.

  19. Southern thailand coal fired project: Conceptual design. Volume 4. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study, conducted by Black & Veatch International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. The study is accompanied by four Conceptual Design manuals. The manual was prepared to commumnicate project design parameters and requirements to participants of the project, and to control uniformity of design concepts throughout the project. This is Volume 4 of the Conceptual Design manual and is divided into 12 sections pertaining to System Design Specifications.

  20. Feasibility study for underground coal gasification at the Krabi Coal Mine site, Thailand. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boysen, J.; Sole, J.; Schmit, C.R.; Harju, J.A.; Young, B.C.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study, conducted by Energy and Environmental Research Center, was funded by the U.S Trade and Development Agency. The report summarizes the accomplishments of field, analytical data evaluation and modeling activities focused on assessment of underground coal gasification (UCG) feasibility at Krabi over a two year period. The overall objective of the project was to determine the technical issues, environmental impact, and economic of developing and commercializing UCG at the site in Krabi. The report contains an Executive Summary followed by these chapters: (1) Project Overview; (2) Project Site Characterization; (3) Inorganic and Thermal Materials Characterization; (4) Technical and Economic Feasibility of UCG At the Krabi Site; (5) Conclusions and Recommendations; (6) Acknowledgments; (7) References.

  1. Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark Jump to:TetraSun

  2. Thailand-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark Jump to:TetraSunanalysis, Technology

  3. Thailand-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark Jump to:TetraSunanalysis, TechnologyEnergy Information

  4. Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, Inc Place:Innovation &InformationLoading(CTIPolicy |

  5. Thailand-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,Information Global FlexTexsa

  6. Thailand-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,Information

  7. Architectures of Citizenship : : Democracy, Development, and the Politics of Participation in Northeastern Thailand's Railway Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elinoff, Eli Asher

    passive cooling system 388 Figure 7.9: Paw Raengkai’s group’s house .passive cooling system. Chumpae City Source: N/A preponderance of houses

  8. Transportation Applications for Developing Tourist Enclaves: Lessons From Koh Lanta, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brittany Nikole Montgomery

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    also cause congestion and environmental damage on Lanta Noi.the likelihood of environmental damage to Lanta Noi afterdevelopment, severe environmental damage - primarily oil and

  9. Holistic Approach for Water Management Planning of Nong Chok District in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suksawang, Wilasinee

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of “Monkey Cheeks” as wildlife habitat ? Treatment WetlandThe treatment wetland is used to manage stormwater runoffhabitat. walkway treatment wetland walkway Figure 35: Cross-

  10. Contexte godynamique de la subduction Nicolas Chamot-Rooke Les subductions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madariaga, RaĂşl

    Kermadec Hikurangi Macquarie Yap-Palau Izu-Bonin Mariannes Ryukyu Nankai Japon Kuriles Aléoutiennes Alaska Molluques Nouvelles Hébrides Seram Timor N. Guinée Tonga Kermadec Hikurangi Macquarie Yap-Palau Izu

  11. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2000), India (2001) and Croatia (2001) initiated mini-and Zimbabwe. Thailand-Zimbabwe, Thailand-Croatia, Thailand-Iran, Zimbabwe-Croatia, Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran,

  12. Essays on Supply Chains Facing Competition from Gray Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iravani, Foad

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University. Bangkok Post. 2010. BMW Thailand to No Longernews-amp-analysis/ bmw-thailand-no-longer-service-gray-2011b). Prior to Mercedes-Benz, BMW Thailand had decided to

  13. Evaluating greenhouse gas emissions inventories for agricultural burning using satellite observations of active fires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Hsiao-Wen; Jin, Yufang; Giglio, Louis; Foley, Jonathan A; Randerson, James T

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, Indonesia, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Mexico, and Nigeria)Indonesia, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Mexico, and Nigeria werehot spots across northern Kazakhstan, along the coast of

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - airport land reclamation Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AirportAirport Suvarnabhumi Airport... ,Suvarnabhumi Airport, Bangkok, ThailandBangkok, Thailand 12;OverviewOverview Magnitudes and Financing... -- Land purchased inLand...

  15. Microsoft Word - NETL-TRS-4-2014_CO2 Storage and Enhanced Gas...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, Feb 7-9, 2011; SPE, Gaffney, Cline & Associates: Bangkok, Thailand, 2011. Ghaith, A.; Chen, W.; Ortoleva, P. Oscillatory methane release from shale...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - area czech republic Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    15 List of participants Prague Czech Republic Summary: List of participants Austria Thailand Thailand Prague Czech Republic Austria Czech Republic Austria... Austria Warsaw...

  17. An investigation of methods for reducing the use of non-renewable energy resources for housing in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasisuttha, Sakkara

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    the consumption of non-renewable energy. In residential buildings, solar energy has been utilized for space heating and domestic hot water using active solar collector systems and for generating electricity using photovoltaic (PV) systems. One photovoltaic... system, the hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system, has been developed by several researchers over the last 20 years. The hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system is a combination photovoltaic (for producing electricity...

  18. Voluntary environmental programmes in the developing world: an examination of the ISO 14001 environmental management system certification in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tambunlertchai, Kanittha

    2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    is particularly severe for the case of developing countries. While VEPs in general and ISO 14001 in particular have rapidly increased across the developing world, the understanding of their implications in the academic literature trail far behind...

  19. S o u t h P a c i f i c O c e a n P a c i f i c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Thailand Tanzania Tajikistan Syria Switz. Sweden Swaziland Suriname Sudan Sri Lanka Spain South Africa

  20. License Exceptions Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 page 1 Export Administration Regulations September 28, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Surinam Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Tanzania Thailand

  1. University Health Service, University of Rochester LIST OF COUNTRIES For the Tuberculin Skin Test (PPD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahon, Bradford Z.

    Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand

  2. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  3. Southeast Asia and Kyoto University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    , Kyoto University opened its ASEAN Center in Bangkok, Thailand (p.11), the latest development in over

  4. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thailand Tunisia Turkey Uganda UAE United Kingdom United States Vietnam Rep. Yemen Other [4] Total Coal &

  5. please recycle. Annual Fund support is the lifeblood of the Nicholas School of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    ecotourism sustainability in Thailand through an internship made possible by Annual Fund support. "It

  6. Part I: International and Regional Management Arrangements Global Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo

  7. NEWSLETTER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VERTEBRATE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    by JEFF WILLIAMS and others to Mauritius, the Philippines, Tonga, Vanuatu, the Loyalty Islands, #12;Page 2 EDITORIAL STAFF Chairman Richard Vari Editor Joy Gold DIVISION NEWS CONTACTS Fishes Dave Smith 633-9786 Jeff Williams 633-1223 Tom Munroe 633-1293 Herps Steve Gotte 633-0728 Birds Brian Schmidt 6330796 Mammals Katie

  8. Evidence for light perception in a bioluminescent organ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFall-Ngai, Margaret

    Evidence for light perception in a bioluminescent organ Deyan Tonga , Natalia S. Rozasb , Todd H of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706; cDepartment of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University species have been implicated in the perception and control of light emission, particularly

  9. CURRICULUM VITAE MUSHI, HAWA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleyer, Michael

    /02/1987 NATIONALITY: TANZANIAN GENDER: FEMALE 2.0 CONTACTS P.O.BOX 33418, DAR ES SALAAM Skype: tonga.2012 Mobile phone.0 EDUCATION 2010-2012 University of DAR ES SALAAM MSc. in Natural Resource Assessment and Management (MSc, Integrated Water Resource Management and Environmental Assessment #12;2006-2009 University of Dar es Salaam

  10. The relevance of contemporary bronze casting in Ubon, Thailand for understanding the archaeological record of the Bronze Age in Peninsular Southeast Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everly, Daniel Eugene

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ????????????........ 109 Bowl Furnace Construction????????????.. 109 Melting the Bronze?????????????........... 110 Pouring the Molten Bronze??????????........... 111 Removing the Bronze Product from the Clay Mould........... 112... arsenides) following the addition of the arsenic material to the molten copper with its subsequent diffusion into the copper due to the miscibility (blending) qualities of the two materials. ?Once the arsenates were exhausted in copper deposits...

  11. 6-025 (O) The Joint International Conference on "Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE)" 1-3 December 2004, Hua Hin, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    6-025 (O) The Joint International Conference on "Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE)" 1 fuels for the reduction of carbon monoxide emissions from the vehicles operating in the area [11, 12

  12. Conference Paper for Electricity Industry in Transition: Issues and Prospects for Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, Jan. 14-16, 2004. 2003 Dennis Ray and Frank Wayno

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Education in a Transitioning Electric Power Industry Dennis Ray Executive Director Power Systems EngineeringConference Paper for Electricity Industry in Transition: Issues and Prospects for Asia, Bangkok University fjw2@cornell.edu Abstract The electric supply industry is in transition from its traditional

  13. Proceedings of the Workshop on Sentiment Analysis where AI meets Psychology (SAAIP), IJCNLP 2011, pages 7379, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 13, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    Cardiff Social Media Research Group, ITT Dublin / Ireland John.Cardiff@ittdublin.ie Paolo Rosso NLE Lab the second or third page in search results. In this paper, we propose the "Tell me What I Need" (TWIN

  14. Perceptions of Caring and Nursing by Senior Level Baccalaureate Nursing Students from Thailand and the United States as Influenced by Curriculum Focus: A Descriptive, Comparative Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stopper, Mary Constance

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The health care delivery system and its services are experiencing significant changes that affect nursing's core concept of caring. These changes are often complicated, influenced by the context of a particular environment, ...

  15. Fulbright U.S. Student Program, 1998-2009 Source: International Institute Fellowships Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    , South Africa Jeremy B. Liebowitz, Uganda Joshua D. Whitford, Italy Theodore W. Mayer, Thailand James R James Isaac, Germany Lisa Kenney, Thailand Matthew Lange, Germany Brendan Luecke, Russia Michael Messner

  16. Fulbright U.S. Student Program, 1998-2011 Source: International Institute Fellowships Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    . Williams, South Africa Jeremy B. Liebowitz, Uganda Joshua D. Whitford, Italy Theodore W. Mayer, Thailand Galt, Costa Rica James Isaac, Germany Lisa Kenney, Thailand Matthew Lange, Germany Brendan Luecke

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  18. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Paraguay, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine,South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland 25 th -75

  19. To appear in IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics Order of Magnitude Markers: An Empirical Study on Large

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Mark W.

    SouthAfrica KoreaSouth SriLanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Timor-Leste Togo

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    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

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  1. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran, Thailand Kazakhstan,Zimbabwe-Kazakhstan,Croatia-Kazakhstan. Sweden also participated and concluded a

  2. Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting

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    McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Appliance Manufacturers’ (AHAM) certification program forAuthority of Thailand AEU AGO AHAM AMI ANSI ANOPR APEC ARI

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    Gerber, Leah R.

    Singapore 22 Thailand 23 Vietnam 28 Europe 320 Albania 5 Armenia 1 Austria 8 Azerbaijan 6 Belgium 1 Bosnia

  4. Microsoft PowerPoint - 7_James Warden_2013-05-06 123 agreements...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  5. PROOF COPY [JES-11-1229R] 068110JES Comparison of Hydrogen and Methane as fuel in Micro-Tubular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Zee, John W.

    for choosing methane is explained below. 23 The major external energy sources in Thailand are from coal and 24 of these particular cells with coal gas in Thailand. 41 At MTEC facility, the cell stack were tested in groups of 500, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA 5 b National Metal and Materials Technology Center, Thailand Science

  6. An examination of topography and density anomalies as a cause of stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marten, Robert Francis

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'ork II THEORY The Model III ANALYSIS Explanat]on of F&gures General Study Compensation Study Rheologic Study Pressure Cap Study Apennine Mountains Kermadec ? Tonga Trench Rio Grande Rift 12 13 14 28 4;) 53 64 80 IV DISCUSSION V... loads and their isostatic conspensating masses. A surf'ace load of constant magnitude, different from zero only on a ring between two given latitudes. represented an elongated mountain chain. A prescribed pressure at the inner surface of the shell...

  7. Tool | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmont Rural Elec Member Corp JumpTonga: Energy

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmont Rural Elec Member Corp JumpTonga:

  9. Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment Capabilities...

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  10. Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    FactsheetsEnglishindicators.pdf Country: Brazil, Cuba, Lithuania, Mexico, Russia, Slovakia, Thailand UN Region: South-Eastern Asia, "Latin America and Caribbean" is...

  11. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    St. Vincent & Gren. Sudan Suriname Swaziland Syria ThailandRomania Samoa Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Syrian ArabVincent & Grens. Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland

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  13. Analysis of Singularity Lines by Transforms with Parabolic Scaling

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    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Phyathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. (2) Department of Applied Mathematics, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland. panuvuth@hotmail.com, jouni.sampo@lut.fi, songkiat

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  15. The political economy of labor market liberalization

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    Choung, Jinhee Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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  16. Capital flows and economic growth in the era of financial integration and crisis, 1990-2010

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    Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin; Park, Donghyun

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the results of comparing Kazakhstan and Thailand for theis relatively higher in Kazakhstan throughout the decade.whereas the flow to Kazakhstan declined. It is possible that

  17. Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, S. J; Caldeira, K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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  18. Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China

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    Jansson, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy analysis of fuel ethanol from cassava in Thailand.of cassava-based fuel ethanol used as an alternativediversified materials for fuel ethanol production in China.

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  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - aflatoxin b1 biomarker Sample Search Results

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  1. Fast Out of the Gate: How Developing Asian Countries can Prepare...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    Jawitz, James W.

    , Thailand, Honduras, Mexico, The Philippines, Haiti, and New Zealand. Wes served as Associate Editor Program. Consulting projects have included revegetation of coal mine refuse; monitoring nitrate movement

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  18. RSAP Successful Grants 2011 Research development grants 2011 funding awards

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  7. Shipping Data Generation for the Hunter Valley Coal Chain

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    2013-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

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  16. Calibrating Artificial Neural Networks by Global Optimization

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    Janos Pinter

    2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chulsukon, Pattarayut

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This study examines the lifetime building energy consumption of a typical house in Bangkok, Thailand. The lifetime building energy consumption is composed of three major… (more)

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    Abdel-Monem, Tarik

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  8. THE FIRST CIRCULAR UNESCO-APEID 2011 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON

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    Ejiri, Shinji

    APEID The utilization and conservation of the water resources for human survival, bioproduction and the environment 8 countries: Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia,Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Malawi, Ghana and Japan

  9. THE FIRST CIRCULAR UNESCO-APEID 2012 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON

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    Ejiri, Shinji

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  10. China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Financial Analysis of Cogeneration Projects. Presentation atfinancial analysis for cogeneration projects in Thailand.integrated steel mills Cogeneration for the use of untapped

  11. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

  12. THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    into second generation biofuels using sugar cane bagasse, it's still at an experimental level but is expected/7/2010 GAIN Report Number:TH0098 Thailand Biofuels Annual Annual 2010 Approved By: Orestes Vasquez Highlights: The report discusses the effects of Thailand's biofuel policy on production, supply and demand

  13. Theoretical Economics Letters, 2013, 3, 14-20 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/tel.2013.35A1003 Published Online September 2013 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/tel)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    of Ethanol Investment Decisions in Thailand Nisal Herath Mudiyanselage1 , C.-Y. Cynthia Lin2 , Fujin Yi3 1 in building ethanol plants in Thailand. We analyze the effects of economic factors, strategic factors, and government policies on ethanol investment using discrete response and fixed effects re- gres- sion models

  14. Adaptability Design to Meet Dynamic Customer's Needs N. Janthong1,2,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    's University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Thailand 3 Thai-France Innovation Institute, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Thailand Abstract - The customer is the core element to answer unexpected demand and to adapt to SMEs where resources are limited is now needed. Design

  15. Review of Externality Valuation Lotte Schleisner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the project "Investigation of Pricing Incentives in a Renewable Energy Strategy in Thailand". The report gives-EC fuel cycle study 17 4.5 Environmental costs of coal-based thermal power generation in India 18 4 of externalities in the project "Investigation of Pricing Incentives in a Renewable Energy Strategy in Thailand

  16. http://www.mushroomthejournal.com/ Summer-Fall 2010, Mushroom the Journal 55 "Who lives in the forest under

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    in central Thailand. Ta x o n o m i c a l l y i n c l i n e d mycologists, however, did not find the fungus, and the color, which was orangish; these features contrasted with its coal-tar smelling, brownish grey relative from Thailand (see photos on p. 56). Emails flew back and forth between Bruns and Desjardin

  17. Appears in Proceedings of the 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, April 2011, Sydney, Australia. JPL Clearance CL#11-0178

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaffer, Steven

    standpoint, flood damages in the United States averaged around $5 billion per year in the 1990s in 1995 dollars (Table 3.1 in Pielke et al., 2002). Outside the United States, the impact is even more striking Institute, Thailand e Northeastern Hydro Power Plant, Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand f

  18. Interview and talk of Elizabeth Colson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colson, Elizabeth

    2006-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    as Kluckhohn got me a job under Alex Leighton with the War Relocation Authority which was responsible for the Japanese who had been moved from the west coast; we were in a camp in Arizona called Poston; Layton was a psychiatrist, head of the Bureau... methods and approaches; now Kant and Hegel are in; on my own work it has been a bit of this then a bit of that; like learning; started out in life histories, then work on assimilation, then structural-functionalist line with Plateau Tonga, then migration...

  19. Tonopah Irrigation District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmont Rural Elec Member Corp JumpTonga: Energy Resources

  20. Tool for Rapid Assessment of City Energy (TRACE) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmont Rural Elec Member Corp JumpTonga: Energy ResourcesRapid

  1. Toolkit for Public-Private Partnerships in Roads and Highways | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmont Rural Elec Member Corp JumpTonga: EnergyInformation

  2. Topeka, Kansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmont Rural Elec Member Corp JumpTonga:0483336°,

  3. Topeka, Kansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmont Rural Elec Member Corp JumpTonga:0483336°,Topeka, KS)

  4. Total China Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmont Rural Elec Member Corp JumpTonga:0483336°,Topeka,

  5. Using a Constant Volume Displacement Ventilation System to Create a Micro Climate in a Large Airport Terminal in Bangkok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmonds, P.; Gaw, W.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to conserve energy and create a comfortable climate for both passengers and workers at a new large international airport in Thailand, a design concept was created where only the first 2m above the occupied zone is conditioned...

  6. C E L E B R A T I N G 7 5 Y E A R S " 1 9 2 9 2 0 0 4 2004 World Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Republic 1.7 Suriname 1.7 10 Thailand 1.5 Barbados 1.5 12 Ukraine 1.4 13 Myanmar 1.2 14 Jamaica 1.2 15

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - ashi kansetsu kossetsu Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mai, Thailand, November 8 13, 2011. c 2011 AFNLP Summary: ) tentou(fall down) kossetsu(fracture) correct (4) nominate-sareru(nominate) jusyo(win an award) correct... ) (child) ...

  8. Supplement 21, Part 4, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Nematoda and Acanthocephala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zidar, Judith A.; Shaw, Judith H.; Haneman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ancylostoma ceylanicum Areekul, S.; Radomyos, P.; and Viravan, C., 1970 b exper. infection in man, pathology, potential cause of natural infection in humans: Thailand 8 INDEX-CATALOGUE OF MEDICAL AND VETERINARY ZOOLOGY Ancylostoma ceylanicum Areekul, S...

  9. Speech by Professor Tan Chorh Chuan President, National University of Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chew Lim

    on campus. #12;3 Last month, we hosted the ASEAN Youth Cultural Forum. At the opening session, each performances blending modern and classical dance and music from Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and other ASEAN

  10. 2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Vietnam 1 23 Algeria, Azerbaijan, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Uzbekistan 1 43

  11. INSTRUCTOR BIOGRAPHY Languages spoken

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Korea Malaysia Philippines Singapore Taiwan Thailand EMEA United Arab Emirates United Kingdom North America Canada United States Company experience: Big 4 firm First Chicago

  12. BY CLASSES, SEPTEMBER 2012 Graduate Students 56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Turkmenistan 1 Uganda 2 Ukraine 1 United Arab Emirates 2 United Kingdom 5 Uzbekistan 1 Viet Nam 4 Yemen 3 Switzerland 1 Syrian Arab Republic 1 Taiwan 2 Tanzania, United Republic of 2 Thailand 2 Tunisia 1 Turkey 4

  13. The Impact of Credit on Village Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, Robert

    This paper evaluates the short- and longer term impact of Thailand's "Million Baht Village Fund" program, among the largest scale government microfinance iniatives in the world, using pre- and post-program panel data and ...

  14. The Geographic Concentration of Enterprise in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felkner, John S.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nation's economic geography can have an enormous impact on its development. In Thailand, we show that a high concentration of enterprise in an area predicts high subsequent growth in and around that area. We also find ...

  15. The effectiveness of jobs-housing balance as a strategy for reducing traffic congestion: a study of metropolitan Bangkok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lobyaem, Sonchai

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    of Thailand. Travel time index (TTI) was developed to measure congestion. In addition to JHB, a number of land use variables were included in the analysis. They are population density, school density, and job accessibility index. Multiple regression models...

  16. Open to the public! : a new network of communal recreation waterfront space in Bangkok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srirojanapinyo, Apichart

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physically and historically, Bangkok has been shaped by its relationship to its waterfront. Flowing 370 kilometers through Thailand, the Chao Phraya River is more than the nation's lifeline. It was a principal waterway ...

  17. Scale-Dependent Relationships between Population and Environment in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Tom

    Scale-Dependent Relationships between Population and Environment in Northeastern Thailand Stephen J. Walsh, Tom P. Evans, Willlam F. Welsh, Barbara Entwlsle, and Ronald R. Rindfuss Abstract with social

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - artemisinin-based antimalarial combination...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Collection: Renewable Energy 5 HealtH researcH in tHailand & laos Summary: - optimising the use of artemisinin-based therapies, understanding the biology and mechanisms of...

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - antimalarial combination formulations Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Environmental Engineering, Center for Life Cycle Analysis Collection: Renewable Energy 40 HealtH researcH in tHailand & laos Summary: Medicine. it also participates in...

  20. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS GRAPHICS 2008 - 2014 #12;Europe: Macedonia, Estonia, Romania, Bosnia, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia, Thailand, Japan, Armenia, China, Brazil North America: Mexico, Canada Total Visits: 30 Europe: Czech Republic, Latvia, Germany, Romania

  1. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCES IN PLANT SCIENCES (ICAPS 2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Biodiversity Conservation", covered various aspects of plant sciences, including agro-biodiversity culture and the biodiversity in Thailand. I want to thank the NRF and the DST/NRF Centre of Excellence

  2. International Center 3201 South State Street, MTCC -Room 203 (312)-567-3680 icenter@iit.edu www.ic.iit.edu Illinois Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    authorized employment. An amended petition may be necessary. · Have the department apply for renewal of your, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Kingdom

  3. 10.1177/0270467605279322BULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / October 2005Yamaguchi / JAPAN'S FOREIGN AID PROGRAM Assessing the Sustainability of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    these projects, including ecosystem degradation and losses of social and cultural values (e.g., the Paiton coal Indonesia, China, Thailand, India, and the Philippines (Ministry of Finance, 2001). Its ODA budget ranked

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - azeite transtensional shear Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 Tertiary Evolution of the Three Pagodas Fault, Western Thailand Summary: ductile left-lateral shear zone in a transpressional environment as it...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - ambient biomass smoke Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    smoke plumes generated from biomass burning were observed in cloud-free skies over Laos, Thailand... . Torres, A. M. Thompson, J. F. Gleason, T. F. Eck, and B. N. Holben,...

  6. U.S. Geological Survey China's Growing Appetite for Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Coal 45 1 Oil 4.7 6 Industrial minerals: Cement 42 1 Fluorspar 55 1 Rare earths 85 1 Metals: Aluminum Republic of Korea Thailand Other Asian Crisis 1997 #12;Production Flow for Cement #12;Country-Level Ou

  7. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 97359747, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/9735/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    , National Institute of Development Administration, Bangkok, Thailand 5Acid Depositions and Oxidant Research the contribution from the large-scale domes- tic coal/biofuel combustion for heating. The BC-CO rela- tionship

  8. Dr. David Kemp Australian Minister of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ Southern States/Thailand ­ sustainable industry development ­ Southern States/Brazil ­ clean coal power Cooperative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program Ghana rural electrification Botswana / Senegal clean coal

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - application hemocue wbc Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Hematocrit on the i-STAT . A great compliment to Meter Trax... -61-717-95-55 Thailand 662-651-8311 United Kingdom +44-(0)20-8328-2000 HemoCue is a trademark of Quest...

  10. Essays on Power System Economics Dissertation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    emissions, such as nuclear and IGCC CCS, while penalizing coal. However, the variability of fuel prices with many issues. I thank the Ministry of Energy Thailand for giving me an opportunity to study here. I

  11. say Andr Schirmeisen of the University of Mnster, Germany, and his colleagues.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    burning in Thailand and Indonesia dropped steeply across the 50-kilometre-wide boundary. They conclude for Coal Research in MĂĽlheim an der Ruhr, Germany. Specifically, a liquid made of an alkylmethylimidazolium

  12. DOE/EIA-0340(98)/2 Distribution Category UC-950 Petroleum Supply

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    (s) 28 11 11 Sweden ... 0 0 0 0 (s) 0 0 (s) (s) (s) (s) Thailand ... 0 0 0 0 (s) -8 -8 (s) (s) -16 -16 Trinidad...

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - africa show lifesaving Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biotechnology 14 QUICK FACTS Per minute,a woman dies of pregnancy & childbirth Summary: ,Thailand and Tunisia. Train mid-level health officers to provide life-saving emergency...

  14. Publications Summary --Prof. Chris Rizos A. Papers in Refereed Journals -191

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    in Thailand. Int. Journal of Geoinformatics, 8(4), 61-66. WANG, K., LI, Y., & RIZOS, C. (2012). The practical). Deformation mapping in three dimensions for underground mining using InSAR ­ Southern Highland coal field

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - aware diana grid Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Resources, Technology and Services in the Sharing Paradigm, pages 6774, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 12, 2011. Summary: ishida@i.kyoto-u.ac.jp Abstract The Language Grid is...

  16. Infrastructure investment and policy management of water resources for small-scale irrigated agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amornvivat, Sutapa, 1974-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the options for enhancing the welfare of small farmers in Thailand through subsidies of irrigation infrastructure. Enhanced water storage and irrigation can significantly improve yield and the welfare of the ...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - aegypti mosquito reduction Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aegypti mosquito in Thailand. Vector-borne and Zoonotic Dis. Nielson, C... . A simulation model for the vector-host transmission system of a mosquito-borne avian virus,...

  18. Catalog of the Benthic Invertebrate Collections of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Echinodermata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luke, Spencer R

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S 126°5~.3'E Apr. 8, 1961 82m shell dredge Bikini Atoll,1946 Bikini Atoll,1946 Bikini Atoll, 1946 NAGA S9A 60-1077 Gulf of Thailand

  19. Development and Analysis of a Sustainable Low Energy House in a Hot and Humid Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chulsukon, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Sylvester, K. E.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cooling. In cold-climate countries, electricity is often used for space heating as well. Natural gas is mainly Energy Used in Building Demolition Demolition Removal Energy Used in Building Operation Space Cooling Lighting Equipment Water... Lifetime Building Energy Consumption Figure 1: Lifetime Building Energy Consumption Components for a Typical Residence in Thailand. used for only cooking for hot and humid climates such as Thailand. In cold climates, gas is also used for space...

  20. ASPAC (Asian and Pacific Council) Nations: Popular support for governments, political communities, and regimes ---------- 1960-1971

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Kook-Joon

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    -1971. The nine countries are: The Republic of Korea, Japan, Nationalist China, the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, South Vietnam, New Zealand, and Australia, which consti. tute the Asian and Pacific Council. Eighteen national-level variables as independent..., Japan, Nationalist China, the Philippines, Thailand, Nalaysia, South Vietnam, New Zea1and, and Australia, for the period of 1960-1971. These nations constitute the Asian and Pacific Council, which has been the least integrated of the ma)or world...

  1. Ophiolites of the deep-sea trenches of the western Pacific

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chudaev, O.

    1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Igneous and metamorphic rocks of ophiolites are widespread in the basement of the Izu-Bonin, Volcano, Mariana, Philippine, Yap, Palau, New Hebrides, West Melanesian, Tonga, and Mussau trenches. Ophiolite in the trenches includes (1) metamorphic rocks ranging from low-T and low P to high-T and moderate P; (2) serpentinites after harzburgite; (3) ultramafic-mafic layered series; (4) tholeiitic basalts, dolerites, and their metamorphosed varieties; and (5) rocks of the boninitic series. Two geodynamic stages could be distinguished in the formation of the ophiolites of the Western Pacific. At the rifting stage, mantle diapir ascended during rifting and magmatic series were formed. In this period, rocks underwent intense low-temperature metasomatic alterations in the zones of heated seawater circulation. At the compression stage (subduction zone) regional pressure metamorphism of the ophiolites superimposed on the low-temperature metasomatic processes.

  2. 5, 183218, 2008 A rainfall forecast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    HESSD 5, 183­218, 2008 A rainfall forecast model using Artificial Neural Network N. Q. Hung et al An artificial neural network model for rainfall forecasting in Bangkok, Thailand N. Q. Hung, M. S. Babel, S Geosciences Union. 183 #12;HESSD 5, 183­218, 2008 A rainfall forecast model using Artificial Neural Network N

  3. gothermie : source d'indpendance nergtique et de dveloppement durable Une nergie accessible tous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Wellhead, Fang geothermal power plant, Thailand. © P. Eurin. #12; of the most favorable zones (in orange) for geothermal energy production. Status of geothermal power Prévisions 2015 17 Géosciences·numéro16·mars2013 geothermal energy: a source of energy independence

  4. Economic Volatility: Does Financial Development, Openness and Institutional Quality Matter In Case of ASEAN 5 Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In Case of ASEAN 5 Countries Hazman Samsudin 1,2* 1 PhD in Economics student at Faculty of Business along with the role of institutional quality in ASEAN-5 countries namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. In recent years ASEAN-5 have been subjected to rapid economic growth

  5. Name Eligible candidates Field of study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyashita, Yasushi

    Scholarship Foundation) ASEAN International Student Scholarships (From 2010) Persons wishing to enter a Tokyo Five ASEAN countries- Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Viet Nam Students in science or engineering (excluding medicine, dentistry, and veterinary medicine) 1 person from each ASEAN country

  6. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND Interdependence of International Tourism Demand and Volatility in Leading ASEAN in Leading ASEAN Destinations* Chia-Ling Chang Department of Applied Economics National Chung Hsing leading destinations in ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Each of these countries

  7. Paintball Summer Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Highlights · Paintball · Summer Weather · Birthdays · Manners TheELIWeekly Paintball! Come out France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand Turkey United States Venezuela Summer Weather Safety We've come to realize in the past that not all

  8. Design Issues for Corebased Optoelectronic Chips: A Case Study of the WARRP Network Router

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinkston, Timothy M.

    for harnessing the potential performance benefits of multiprocessor systems which use advanced architectural­579­7566 Electrical Engineering Dept., Kasetsart University, Jatujak, Bangkok 10900, THAILAND fengmkr@ku.ac.th http, is in the range of gigabytes per second and increasing. Conventional all­electrical interconnects are not keeping

  9. Scientist on a mission to make us see climate challenges LIZ MINCHIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Donna

    will increasingly feel global warming's effects. For instance, today, mosquitoes carrying potentially fatal dengue-a-dozen countries, going from designing and installing solar panels for schools in northern Thailand to lecturing indigenous Australians and farmers . . . It's tempting to stay removed from all that. "But once you've talked

  10. Biofuels in the ASEAN Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Forum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9/20/2012 1 Biofuels in the ASEAN Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Forum Bangkok, Thailand 19-21 September 2012 Biofuel Policy Group Asian Institute of Technology Outline of the Presentation 1. Objectives of this Presentation 2. Background 3. Status of Biofuel Development in ASEAN 4

  11. Digital Technology For Conviviality 37 The Education Intervention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Digital Technology For Conviviality 37 Context: The Education Intervention effort in Thailand 3333://www.onec.go.th) #12;3 - Context 38 Digital Technology For Conviviality able to think, take action based on their ideas of the bodies of knowledge and learning process. The organization of system, structure, and process of education

  12. S U NTM U L T R ATM 10 WO R K S T A T I O N THE POWERFUL, EXPANDABLE ULTRA SYSTE M THAT ' S E A SY TO A FFORD.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    : +886-2-514-0567 THAILAND: +662-636-1555 TURKEY: +90-212-236-3300 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: +971-4-366-333 UNITED KINGDOM: +44-1-276-20444 UNITED STATES: +1-800-821-4643 VENEZUELA: +58-2-286-1044 WORLDWIDE

  13. BY CLASSES, SEPTEMBER 2011 Graduate Students 56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Uganda 4 United Arab Emirates 3 United Kingdom 7 Uzbekistan 2 Venezuela 1 Viet Nam 6 Yemen 1 Zimbabwe 6 Switzerland 2 Syrian Arab Republic 1 Taiwan 3 Tajikistan 1 United Republic of Tanzania 2 Thailand 4 Turkey 3's Democratic Republic 2 Lesotho 1 Liberia 1 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1 Madagascar 1 Malawi 1 Malaysia 1 Mauritius

  14. DESIGNATED COUNTRIES (10/07/2008) This list of "Designated Countries" is a compilation of countries with which the United States has no diplomatic relations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    X ** TH Thailand X TW Taiwan X TC United Arab Emirates X VE Venezuela X VM Vietnam X YM Yemen X X ZI with which the United States has no diplomatic relations, countries determined by Department of State to support terrorism, countries under Sanction or Embargo by the United States and countries of Missile

  15. S U NTM U L T R ATM 6 0 WO R K S T A T I O N THE NEXT LEVEL IN MULTIPROCE S S ING WORKS TATION S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    ARAB EMIRATES: +971-4-366-333 UNITED KINGDOM: +44-1-276-20444 UNITED STATES: +1-800-821-4643 VENEZUELA-8-623-90-00 SWITZERLAND: +41-1-825-7111 TAIWAN: +886-2-2514-0567 THAILAND: +662-636-1555 TURKEY: +90-212-236-3300 UNITED

  16. List of Accepted Summer Interns (2013) May-June Batch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Dr. Tung-Yuan Ho CBMB Nid** Pash*** (INDIA) Dr. Keng-Hui Lin ESS Pong*** Polsom**** (THAILAND) Dr 14 Interns 12 PIs June-July Batch Program Intern Mentor ESS SOU*** KUM** SAH** (INDIA) Dr. Wu* (MALAYSIA) Ko** Yeo** Kha* (MALAYSIA) Dr. Yun-Ru Ruby Chen ESS Yu** CĂ©l** Kita**** (JAPAN) Dr. Danie Mao

  17. Knowledge-based adaptable design to support customer-oriented production system of industrial equipments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Thailand 3 Thai-France Innovation Center (TFIC), King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok demand and to adapt to SMEs where resources are limited is now needed. Design adaptability refers

  18. Improving Air Quality in Chinese Cities by Substituting Natural Gas for Coal: Barriers and Incentive Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mao Xianqiang; Guo Xiurui

    EEPSEA was established in May 1993 to support research and training in environmental and resource economics. Its objective is to enhance local capacity to undertake the economic analysis of environmental problems and policies. It uses a networking approach, involving courses, meetings, technical support, access to literature and opportunities for comparative research. Member countries are Thailand, Malaysia,

  19. ELI Student Voices 1 ELI STUDENT VOICESVolume 10, Issue 2 Summer, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    communication of fireflies, which then fail mating and are lost from that area. In Thailand, the fluorescent bulb is the common use in many houses, commercial buildings and also streetlights. It is the main source of light pollution affecting the Thai firefly population. On the other hand, the incandescent bulb

  20. Enabling Pervasive Mobile Applications with the FM Radio Broadcast Data System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    the cellular data service in developing markets due to its low cost. For example, 22% of low- income owners of mobile phones in Thailand use their phones to listen to FM radio, vs. 2% for Internet access [2]. We and characterizing the reliability, performance, and energy efficiency of RDS on mobile devices in real-life settings

  1. USING FACEBOOK AS A SUPPLEMENTARY TOOL FOR TEACHING AND Kanda Runapongsa Saikaew

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    USING FACEBOOK AS A SUPPLEMENTARY TOOL FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING Kanda Runapongsa Saikaew 1* , Wit, Thailand *Corresponding email address: krunapon@kku.ac.th ABSTRACT Facebook, a social media web application, is a part of million student lives. Students use Facebook for communicating with friends and playing games

  2. Using Facebook and Google Docs for Teaching and Sharing Information Kanda Runapongsa Saikaew1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    1 Using Facebook and Google Docs for Teaching and Sharing Information Kanda Runapongsa, Burapha University, Thailand #12;2 Using Facebook and Google Docs for Teaching and Sharing by doing and exploring. This paper presents the approach and the experience in using Facebook and Google

  3. Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases over1 Asian regions during 20002008: Regional Emission2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    -3-9 Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-0001, Japan}12 [5]{Ocean Policy Research Foundation, 3-4-10 Toranomon Singapore SGP Thailand THA Vietnam VNM Bangladesh OSA BGD Bhutan BTN India/Andhra Pradesh IND ANPR India/Bihar, Jharkhand BIHA India/Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura EHIM India/Gujarat GUJA

  4. 27. R. Bessinger, P. Akwara, "Trends in Sexual and Fertility-Related Behavior: Cameroon, Kenya, Uganda, Zambia,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Uganda, Zambia, and Thailand" (The Measure Evaluation Project, Unit- ed States Agency for International, 608 (2000). 31. UNAIDS, "A measure of success in Uganda" (UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland, 1998). 32., Lancet 361, 645 (2003). 38. R. Moodie et al., "An evaluation study of Uganda's AIDS control programmes

  5. Mathematics Achievement Scale Score

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    Croatia 490 New Zealand 486 Spain 482 Romania 482 Poland 481 Turkey 469 Azerbaijan 463 Chile 462 Thailand Romania 505 Spain 505 Poland 505 TIMSS Scale Centerpoint 500 New Zealand 497 Kazakhstan 495 Norway 494 Kazakhstan 487 Sweden 484 Ukraine 479 Norway 475 Armenia 467 Romania 458 United Arab Emirates 456 Turkey 452

  6. Welcome to Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS) where you can meet the world.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    the language skills that they have acquired to study the politics, economy, society and culture of each region Koreans and independent researchers who will contribute to the development and exchange of culture Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand

  7. This thesis examines the marriage migration of Thai migrant women to the Netherlands and the ups-and-downs of their everyday life of creating and maintaining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Brink, Jeroen

    Summary This thesis examines the marriage migration of Thai migrant women to the Netherlands in the Netherlands as well as family and non- migrant neighbours in Thailand. The objective of this research, sustain and renew their relationships with kin and friends in the Netherlands? 4) What

  8. BioMed Central Page 1 of 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BioMed Central Page 1 of 3 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Bioinformatics Open Access, France, Germany, Greece, India, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Poland, Sin- gapore, Switzerland, Thailand://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2105/10/S1/S1 Page 2 of 3 (page number not for citation purposes) the biological contexts of th

  9. An Examination of the Thermodynamics of Fusion, Vaporization, and Sublimation of Several Parabens by Correlation Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chickos, James S.

    An Examination of the Thermodynamics of Fusion, Vaporization, and Sublimation of Several Parabens, Kasetsart University, Bangkane, Bangkok 10900, Thailand 2 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry.com). DOI 10.1002/jps.22423 ABSTRACT: The vaporization, fusion, and sublimation enthalpies of methyl, ethyl

  10. GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS THE IMPORTANCE OF U.S. LEADERSHIP IN SCIENCE AND INNOVATION FOR THE FUTURE OF OUR ECONOMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    capacity than the entire United States or about one-third of total global capacity. International R global total, down from 38 percent in 1999. · Asian countries--including China, India, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand--represented 24 percent of the global R&D total in 1999

  11. Thermodynamic Data for Biomass Conversion and Waste Incineration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    B t u l b i I 8 5 J E N E B E Woody and Tree Materials MA1 CHAMPAH; MicheZia; solid; from Thailand; air-dried at 105"-1 10C (221 "-230'F); density, 0.32 g m - . specific...

  12. APEC experts` group on clean coal technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    These proceedings are the result of a Technical Seminar of the APEC Experts Group on Clean Coal Technology, held in Thailand, September 6-10, 1993. The National Energy Policy Council of Thailand requested the seminar in response to growing public, government and private sector environmental concerns related to increased use of lignite for electricity generation in Thailand. The core of the seminar was a two-day series of 25 technical papers contained in these proceedings. The goals were: (1) to inform government officials and electric utility managers on the range of CCTs, their commercial status, environmental performance, and suitability for various types of coal, including lignite; and (2) to hold a public seminar to inform the public about the same issues set in the context of energy policy concerns that were articulated by the National Energy Policy Council. Sixty people participated in the technical seminar held in Chiang Mai, and approximately 170 people attended the public seminar in Bangkok, Thailand. All papers have been abstracted and indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  13. IEA participating countries Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    -encompassing annual studies of oil, natural gas, coal, electricity and renewables are indispensable tools for energy, journalist or student will have at his or her fingertips the annual Canadian production of coal, the electricity consumption in Thailand, the price of diesel oil in Spain and thousands of other useful energy

  14. Barriers to the adoption of renewable and energy-efficient technologies in the Vietnamese power sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    coal power generation technologies in Vietnam. It ranks their severity by applying the analytical sites. For advanced coal power technologies, the barriers are weak industrial capability, high cost Institute of Technology, Thailand. 1 halshs-00444826,version1-7Jan2010 #12;1. Introduction There are many

  15. Barriers to the adoption of renewable and energy-efficient technologies in the Vietnamese power sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    coal power generation technologies in Vietnam. It ranks their severity by applying the analytical sites. For advanced coal power technologies, the barriers are weak industrial capability, high cost Institute of Technology, Thailand. 1 halshs-00444826,version1-7Jan2010 Author manuscript, published

  16. FEATURENEWS 6 5 4 | N A T U R E | V O L 4 9 1 | 2 9 N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Singapore Vietnam Pakistan Malaysia Philippines Thailand Taiwan Australia Indonesia SouthKorea Japan India. Coal reserves have not increased in size, but the supply will last for at least a cen- tury at current abundant supplies of fossil fuels. AFTERKYOTO The legacy of a climate treaty nature.com/kyoto Coal Oil

  17. Lean Tools Help Steel Tubing Manufacturer Boost Its International Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    . The feedwater heaters produced in Plymouth's West Monroe, La., facility are a chief component of coal-fired steam power plants. CHALLENGE: The construction of new coal-fired power plants in the United States all in half; four new sales agents were hired to cover Europe, Taiwan, Korea, Thailand, and Australia

  18. Coal development plans in southeast Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lootens, D.J.

    1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author reviews coal production and consumption over recent years in Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines. Projections of coal supply and demand for these countries to 1995 are also shown. Over-ambitious plans have been announced during the past 5 years, which have mostly been revised downwards. An attempt is made to provide realistic figures.

  19. ECOHYDROLOGY Ecohydrol. 3, 306314 (2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Troch, Peter

    Resources, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA 2 Geography Department, National University of Singapore, Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Thailand. Since the early 1980s, rubber research insti- tutions have studied and Water Resources, University of Arizona, 1133 E. James E Rogers Way, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. E-mail: maite

  20. Assessing Evidence for a Pervasive Alteration in Tropical Tree Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    of America, 13 Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, 14 Laboratory Thai National Park Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Chatuchak Bangkok, Thailand, 7 Institute Ecology Laboratory, Faculty of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan, 17 Faculty of Science

  1. the academy of sciences for the developing world tenable in developing countries such as Brazil, China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    , China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan and Thailand for scientists from developing countries year Age limit: 30 TWAS-icipe Fellowships for Postgraduate Research in Kenya The International Centre (other than Kenya) who wish to obtain a PhD in the natural sciences, especially focusing on integrated

  2. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detecting 3-phenoxybenzoic acid in plasma and its application to farmers and consumers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    be detected in urine but urinary 3-PBA cannot be used to assess the active dose. The 3-PBA-adduct represents including the adduct formed after alkaline hydrolysis, liquid­liquid extraction (LLE) and solid phase. Introduction Synthetic pyrethroid insecticides in Thailand have been widely used in household products

  3. Curriculum Vitae Name: Matin QAIM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    in Developing Countries · Rural Development Policy Country Experience Extended research stays and/or project experience in Argentina, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Nicaragua, Philippines, Tanzania, Thailand, USA, Vietnam Awards and Honors · Excellence Award 2011 for Policy-Oriented Development Research

  4. The energy situation in the Asian-Pacific region and international cooperation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sakakibara, S.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After the second oil crisis (1979-80), the developing countries in the Asian-Pacific region adopted two major energy policies: conservation and the introduction and stimulation of alternative sources of energy to oil. Energy conservation was successfully achieved only in the newly industrialized countries, including Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore; the potential for conservation was very limited in other less-developed countries. In order to promote energy conservation, many countries adopted a policy of higher prices for particular petroleum products. The results of the push to introduce or expand nonoil alternative sources of energy have been quite encouraging. Excellent examples are the development of natural gas in Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia; of coal and lignite in Indonesia; and of lignite in Thailand. Energy management and the expansion of domestic energy resources in the developing countries will require not only imported technology but the upgrading of indigenous human resources to guarantee long-term and successful development.

  5. Do U.S. tariff reductions explain rising wage inequality?: The case of U.S. tariffs on imports from countries having free trade agreements with the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitaoka, Hisaya

    2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    , Singapore, Australia, Peru, and South Korea. Japan has agreements with Singapore and ASEAN. China has an agreement with ASEAN (Urata and Kiyota 2003, Whalley and Leith 2003, Banda and Whalley 2005). In Europe, we have the European Free Trade Agreement... which involves Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland. South East Asian countries have concluded ASEAN Free Trade Area, which involves Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippine, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, and Cambodia...

  6. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 30/05/2013 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2 17.46 Ukraine 50 16 41.98 United Arab Emirates 4 0 1.51 United Kingdom 198 33 109.25 United 104 19 61.51 Syrian Arab Republic 1 0 0.26 Thailand 21 6 35.05 The Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia 5 Republic of Tanzania 13 3 6.28 United States of America 453 68 155.60 Uruguay 9 3 3.95 Uzbekistan 10 1 13

  7. Representations, Ritual, & Social Renewal: Essays In Africanist Medical Anthropology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janzen, John M.

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    in common with that in Thailand, the most successful program in Asia. Both countries “responded to AIDS early and decisively. Both … had leadership from the highest levels, were multisectorial, achieved broad public support, avoided stigmatization..., with subsequent inventions and adaptations of many kinds of practices and medicines. *-banda-, *-mbanda-, spirit, healer *-buka-, heal, divine The distribution of these terms for spirit, healer, healing and divining, support their origin and spread in Western...

  8. Agriculture, Free Trade, and Global Development: Some Personal Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Head, John W.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in many smaller developing countries, including Costa Rica, Colombia, Egypt, EI Salvador, Guatemala, Malaysia, Panama, Paraguay, the Philippines, Romania, Thailand, Turkey, and the Ukraine 6 -- and probably numerous others for which specific figures do... should renew our commitment to multilateralism as the best hope for surviving the current age and for bringing to our children, to all children on this planet, the fruits of the rich resources that we hold in trust for their future. Notes * ** 1. 2. 3. 4...

  9. Combining a monostatic sodar with a radar wind profiler and RASS in a power plant pollution study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crescenti, G.H.; Templeman, B.D.; Gaynor, J.E.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A single-beam monostatic sodar, radar wind profiler, radio acoustic sounding system (RASS), and in situ sensors mounted on a 100-m tower were used to acquire meteorological data in the vicinity of a coal burning power plant in a northern Thailand valley. These data were used to examine the atmospheric processes that are responsible for fumigation of high concentrations of sulfur dioxide to the surface on a near daily basis during the cool season.

  10. Developing a geographic information system (GIS) to integrate earth science data: Hygiene Quadrangle, Boulder county, Colorado

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nonsung, Sawat

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). In pollution processes, the three sources; domestic wastewater, industrial eQluents, and run-off are the major agents of water pollution; while the production and use of three forms of fossil fuels ? coal, oil, and natural gas ? are major sources of local... GIS for these purposes, but also those people in many developing countries, including China. India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Thailand, Brazil, and Venezuela (Chen, 1987; Aronoff, 10 1989; INTERA TYDAC Technologies Inc. 1991a). In the context...

  11. The desulfurization of flue gas at the Mae Moh Power Plant Units 12 and 13

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haemapun, C.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    As pollution of air, water and ground increasingly raises worldwide concern, the responsible national and international authorities establish and issue stringent regulations in order to maintain an acceptable air quality in the environment. In Thailand, the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) takes full responsibility in environmental protection matters as well as in generating the electricity needed to supply the country`s very rapid power demand growth. Due to the rapidly increasing electricity demand of the country, EGAT had decided to install two further lignite-fired units of 300 MW each (Units 12 and 13) at the Mae Moh power generation station and they are now under construction. The arrangement and the capacity of all the power plant units are as shown. In 1989, EGAT started the work on the flue gas desulfurization system of Mae Moh power plant units 12 and 13 as planned. A study has been conducted to select the most suitable and most economical process for flue gas desulfurization. The wet scrubbing limestone process was finally selected for the two new units. Local limestone will be utilized in the process, producing a by-product of gypsum. Unfortunately, natural gypsum is found in abundance in Thailand, so the produced gypsum will be treated as landfill by mixing it with ash from the boilers of the power plants and then carrying it to the ash dumping area. The water from the waste ash water lake is utilized in the process as much as possible to minimize the requirement of service water, which is a limited resource. The Mae Moh power generation station is situated in the northern region of Thailand, 600 km north of Bangkok and about 30 km east of the town of Lampang, close to the Mae Moh lignite mine. Three lignite-fired units (Units 1-3) of 75 MW each, four units (Units 4-7) of 150 MW each and four units (Units 8-11) of 300 MW each are in operation.

  12. Beyond Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Littlechild, Stephen C

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    to additional countries have since largely come to a halt. For example, I noted that the model was then under active consideration in several countries including Mexico, the Philippines, India and Thailand. There have been few if any subsequent developments... since the time of their study. Second, we argue that, in the absence of privatisation, the CEGB would have engaged in a more extensive and costly programme of building coal and nuclear plant than the study assumed. Our preliminary calculations, which...

  13. Phylogeography of mtDNA haplogroup R7 in the Indian peninsula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaubey, Gyaneshwer; Karmin, Monika; Metspalu, Ene; Metspalu, Mait; Selvi-Rani, Deepa; Singh, Vijay Kumar; Parik, Juri; Solnik, Anu; Naidu, B Prathap; Kumar, Ajay; Adarsh, Niharika; Mallick, Chandana Basu; Trivedi, Bhargav; Prakash, Swami; Reddy, Ramesh; Shukla, Parul; Bhagat, Sanjana; Verma, Swati; Vasnik, Samiksha; Khan, Imran; Barwa, Anshu; Sahoo, Dipti; Sharma, Archana; Rashid, Mamoon; Chandra, Vishal; Reddy, Alla G; Torroni, Antonio; Foley, Robert A; Thangaraj, Kumarasamy; Singh, Lalji; Kivisild, Toomas; Villems, Richard

    2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    ://www.fluxus-engineering.com. The samples were selected through a preliminary sequence analysis of the control region in order to include the widest possible range of R7 variation, language and geographical groups. Coales- cent times were calculated by a calibration method described... , Thosarat R: Prehistoric Thailand: From early set- tlement to Sukothai. River Books, Bangkok; 1998. 25. Diamond J, Bellwood P: Farmers and their languages: the first expansions. Science 2003, 300:597-603. 26. Diffloth G: Austroasiatic languages...

  14. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    India 69 India 22 Saudi Arabia 27 Canada 13 Taiwan 24 Israel 12 Israel 18 Vietnam 10 Nigeria 16 Turkey 8/Kenya/Spain/Thailand/Venezuela 4 Pakistan 11 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13/Television/Interactive Media 1 1 Finance 64 23 87 Genetic Counseling 3 3 General Studies/Undeclared 282 1 283 Health Policy

  15. Retrofitting analysis of integrated bio-refineries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cormier, Benjamin R.

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    for biomass for purpose use (U.S. Department of Energy 2004) 14 There are also other platforms such as biogas, carbon-rich chains, plant products and bio-oil which are beyond the scope of this work. Biogas platform is the decomposition... Thailand 74 Mexico 9 Germany 71 Nicaragua 8 Ukraine 66 Mauritius 6 Canada 61 Zimbabwe 6 Poland 53 Kenya 3 Indonesia 42 Swaziland 3 Argentina 42 Others 338 Total 10770 Many countries try to reduce petroleum imports...

  16. NNSA announces 2014 sustainability awards | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of Women | NationalNuclearThailand |

  17. Thai group set to invest in Chinese petchem complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1993-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A $5-billion refinery and petrochemical complex is planned by Thailand's Charoen Pokphand (Bangkok) at the seaport of Nimpoh, near Shanghai. The company has discussed the project with the central government of China, and state oil and petrochemicals company Sinopec (Beijing) is due to complete a feasibility study within the next two months. Charoen's plastics processing subsidiary, Kuo Shen (Hong Kong), is expected to hold 70% in the venture, Sinopec 20%, and the Chinese government the remaining 10%. Western companies have been invited to participate. Solvay (Brussels), a 49% partner with Charoen Pokphand in the Vinythai polyvinyl chloride (PVC) joint venture at Map Ta Pud, Thailand, has not yet made a commitment. The 5-million m.t./year oil refinery would feed the complex, which will be based on a 450,000-m.t./year ethylene plant, downstream aromatics units, and a range of derivatives plants. The complex, which falls outside the many announced for Thailand's current five-year economic plan, is expcted to be implemented in stages. To begin with, a 120,000-m.t./year PVC plant will be built that will be fed on imported vinyl chloride monomer. Charoen is in discussions with process licensers, including Solvay, European Vinyl Corp., BFGoodrich, and Shinetsu. Half the PVC output will be consumed by Kuo Shen in China, where Charoen has several plastics processing units, including one in Shanghai and one in Nimpoh. Meanwhile, Sinopec's Hong Kong subsidiary is seeking partners to invest in joint venture projects in China. Sinopec president Liu Xuemin says the company is willing to cooperate with overseas companies to establish small petrochemical projects. In addition, Sinopec is negotiating with officials of Dayang in Jiangsu province and the special economic zone of Shen Zhen, near Hong Kong, on joint ventures for plastics and food additives.

  18. Bayesian Hierarchical, Semiparametric, and Nonparametric Methods for International New Product Di ffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Brian Matthew

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    .87 Singapore 0.07 0.22 Denmark 0.08 0.33 South Korea 0.75 1.91 Finland 0.08 0.3 Spain 0.67 2.05 France 0.94 3.5 Sweden 0.14 0.53 Germany 1.28 4.44 Switzerland 0.12 0.52 Greece 0.17 0.46 Thailand 0.99 0.98 Hong Kong 0.11 0.43 United Kingdom 0.93 3...

  19. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 26/03/2014 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .19 Ukraine 55 25 33.24 United Arab Emirates 1 0 0.13 United Kingdom 279 47 125.13 United Republic of Tanzania.50 Kenya 36 12 43.07 Kuwait 3 1 0.66 Kyrgyzstan 1 0 0.46 Lebanon 9 3 4.24 Lesotho 1 0 0.46 Libyan Arab.94 Syrian Arab Republic 6 0 9.63 Thailand 14 6 4.77 the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 8 3 15.88 Togo

  20. Development and analysis of a sustainable, low energy house in a hot and humid climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chulsukon, Pattarayut

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Product (GDP) was 23. 35 trillion US$, averaging 4, 212 US$ per capita. In the United States, the GDP was 6. 14 trillion US$ (26. 33'/o of the world' s GDP), averaging 23, 380 US$ per capita, whereas Thailand's GDP was 0. 12 trillion US$ (0. 55'/o... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by I . Haberl (Chair Committee) Keith E. Sylvester Member) Lan O. Dege man (Member) Phi lip J. Tabb (Head of Department) August 2002 Major Subject Architecture...

  1. THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER VS STUDENT CENTERED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON THE VOCABULARY LEARNING OF SIXTH GRADE THAI STUDENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khuvasanond, Kirati

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    : Function/ Use of vocabulary 118 Appendix B: Students Posttest : Spelling 120 Appendix B2: Students Posttest : Meaning 121 Appendix B3: Students Posttest : : Function/ Use of vocabulary 122 viii Appendix C: Students Vocabulary List 124.... The Expanding Circle e.g. Bhutan (1,1614) Brunet (260) China (1,208,841) Fiji (771) Hong Kong (5,838) Indonesia (194,615) Japan (124,815) Maldives (246) Mayanmar (45,555) Nepal (21,350) Thailand (58,183) South Korea (44,563) The Outer Circle...

  2. Emerging Economies, Trade Policy, and Macroeconomic Shocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bown, Chad P.; Crowley, Meredith A.

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    are generally found to be the source of more than two thirds of the policy-imposing economies’ non-oil imports during the sample period, ranging from 65 percent for Thailand to 91 percent for Mexico. The Philippines is a notable outlier for which the available... import restrictions increased more than 50 percent between 2007 and 2010 alone. 3 Finally, Bown (2011) finds that many of the G20 emerging economies also in our sample – including Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa...

  3. Feasibility study for the Ao Phai coal fired power plant. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahr, D.; Shamamian, V.; Zisman, E.D.; Richards, R.T.

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report presents the results of a study by Burns and Roe commissioned by the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand to unify data obtained in a previous series of studies which investigated the location and design of a new fossil fired power station. The Ao Phai location was selected as the preferred sight. To unify existing data, the study was performed with the following objectives: To upgrade and update previous site investigations at Ao Phai; To carry out additional investigations required to complete the preparation of a feasibility study; and To prepare an integrated and bankable feasibility report of the Ao Phai Coal Fired Power Plant.

  4. Propylene feedstock: supply and demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinbaum, C.A.; Pickover, B.H.

    1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The reasons for the global shortage in propylene in 1981-82 are discussed. The low running rates of ethylene production and refinery operation of which propylene is a byproduct accounts for the reduced propylene supplies. Low prices of the NCL have also shifted incentive from propylene to gas liquids. This situation will continue, with naptha/gas oil becoming the prefered feedstock for ethylene production. The speculative economics for propylene dehydrogenation are not sufficiently attractive for commercialization. But if a country has an internal market for propylene derivatives, production could have a positive influence on the economy. Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Mexico are suggested as examples.

  5. Newsfront 4-10 June 2007, Issue 19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    , Denmark, Israel, Australia, South Korea, Thailand, United Kingdom, Bangladesh and Finland. China, North Korea and Sri Lanka are waiting for the approval of their government to endorse the state- ment. The quiet release on June 1 of the four YCL activists... kinds of adornment, Let there be love for Shyam And indifference to all else. Offers its head to the hunter. Be like the partridge, Which swallows burning coals In love of the moon. Be like the fish Which yields up its life 54-10 June 2007Debating...

  6. China's Energy Management System Program for Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedman, B.; Yu, Y.; Friedman, Z.; Taylor, R.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 | iipnetwork.org Waste Heat Recovery in Cement – Market Status 4 5 7 15 24 9 12 24 26 739 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Rest of World Americas Europe Mid East Other Asia Pakistan Thailand Japan India China...MS Implementation guidance for Thermal Power – EnMS Implementation guidance for Coke – EnMS Implementation guidance Plate Coal Industry – M&V guidance on energy performance • 2015 – EnMS Implementation guidance for Paper – EnMS Implementation guidance...

  7. The Minorities of China.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dwyer, Arienne M.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    resources, such as Xinjiang (oil, natural gas, mi- nerals) and Manchuria (coal). Though local peo- ple have indirectly benefited from the infrastruc- tural development such as railroad and highway construction associated with the extraction...-Burman language include the Hani and Lisu; the diverse Hani (known as Akha in Thailand) have a population of 1.44 m. (2000), including three regional dia- lects Ha-Ai, Bi-Kaw, and Hao-Bai; the Lisu (comprising the Anung and Che-nung) have a population of 634...

  8. Emissions mitigation of blended coals through systems optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Labbe [IOM Invensys Operations Management (United States)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    For coal fired power stations, such as those located in the US, that have installed NOx and SOx emissions abatement equipment substantial carbon dioxide reduction could be achieved by shifting from pure PRB coal to blended coals with local bituminous coal. Don Labbe explains how. The article is based on a presentation at Power-Gen Asia 2009, which takes place 7-9 October in Bangkok, Thailand and an ISA POWID 2009 paper (19th Annual Joint ISA POWID/EPRI Controlls and Instrumentation Conference, Chicago, Illinois, May 2009). 4 refs., 3 figs.

  9. NNSA Transitions Radiation Detection System at Port of Laem Chabang to

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNational Nuclear SecurityNationalApplyMaintainingNuclearThailand | National Nuclear

  10. NNSA Welcomes Brig. Gen. Sandra Finan as New Principal Assistant Deputy

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  11. NNSA and Energy Awareness Month | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  12. NNSA announces winners of Stewardship Science Academic Programs Symposium

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  13. NNSA awards Eileen Johnston Silver Medal | National Nuclear Security

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  14. NNSA celebrates completion of UPF project on time, under budget | National

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  15. NNSA completes Y-12 project ahead of schedule, under budget | National

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  16. NNSA conducts hands-on radiation medical training in Taiwan | National

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  17. NNSA conducts training in Israel | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  18. NNSA employees run to raise awareness about concussions | National Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  19. NNSA and Defense Nuclear Facilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements of Women | NationalNuclearThailand | National

  20. Tharaldson Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,InformationThailand-NIESPolicy |

  1. Thayer County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation,InformationThailand-NIESPolicy

  2. International trade and waste and fuel management issue, 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Innovative financing and workforce planning, by Donna Jacobs, Entergy Nuclear; Nuclear power - a long-term need, by John C. Devine, Gerald Goldsmith and Michael DeLallo, WorleyParsons; Importance of loan guarantee program, by Donald Hintz; EPC contracts for new plants, by Dave Barry, Shaw Power Group; GNEP and fuel recycling, by Alan Hanson, AREVA NC Inc.; Safe and reliable reactor, by Kiyoshi Yamauchi, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.; Safe, small and simple reactors, by Yoshi Sakashita, Toshiba Corporation; Nuclear power in Thailand, by Tatchai Sumitra, Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology; and, Nuclear power in Vietnam, by Tran Huu Phat, Vietnam Atomic Energy Commission. The Industry Innovation article this issue is Rectifying axial-offset-anomaly problems, by Don Adams, Tennessee Valley Authority. The Plant Profile article is Star of Stars Excellence, by Tyler Lamberts, Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc.

  3. Applying environmental externalities to US Clean Coal Technologies for Asia. [Including external environmental costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States is well positioned to play an expanding role in meeting the energy technology demands of the Asian Pacific Basin, including Indonesia, Thailand, and the Republic of China (ROC-Taiwan). The US Department of Energy Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Demonstration Program provides a proving ground for innovative coal-related technologies that can be applied domestically and abroad. These innovative US CCTs are expected to satisfy increasingly stringent environmental requirements while substantially improving power generation efficiencies. They should also provide distinct advantages over conventional pulverized coal-fired combustors. Finally, they are expected to be competitive with other energy options currently being considered in the region. This paper presents potential technology scenarios for Indonesia, Thailand, and the ROC-Taiwan and considers an environmental cost-benefit approach employing a newly developed method of applying environmental externalities. Results suggest that the economic benefits from increased emission control can indeed be quantified and used in cost-benefit comparisons, and that US CCTs can be very cost effective in reducing emissions.

  4. Maturation of Tertiary sediments in the Asian Continental Margins: A basis for hydrocarbon generation studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miki, Takashi (Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan))

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the marginal areas of the Asian continent, the Paleogene and Miocene coal-bearing formations are sporadically distributed. In some areas, particularly in the sea regions, their equivalents are possibly explored for oil and gas. The basins mainly formed as tectonic depressions, and are filled with fluvial to marine clastic rocks. The formations show marked lateral variation in thickness, lithology, and sediment characteristics, which are related to the geotectonic settings of the basins at active plate margins. Remarkable accumulation of overburden and high paleogeothermal conditions, which are marked in northern Kyushu, Japan, and Thailand, influenced diagenesis. Organic and inorganic maturation studies in northern Kyushu reveal a progress of diagenesis from the inland of Kyushu toward the sea region essentially controlled by additional heat supply from the sea region during and after sedimentation. The sediments on the land surface are chiefly overmatured, and/or contain minor amounts of organic carbon. High paleogeothermal influence on Tertiary maturation is clear also in northern Thailand. The high paleotemperature conditions in these areas may be related to tectonic interaction between the oceanic and continental plates.

  5. International Experience in Standards and Labeling Programs for Rice Cookers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Zheng, Nina

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China has had an active program on energy efficiency standards for household appliances since the mid-1990s. Rice cooker is among the first to be subject to such mandatory regulation, since it is one of the most prevalent electric appliances in Chinese households. Since first introduced in 1989, the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers has not been revised. Therefore, the potential for energy saving is considerable. Initial analysis from CNIS indicates that potential carbon savings is likely to reach 7.6 million tons of CO2 by the 10th year of the standard implementation. Since September 2007, CNIS has been working with various groups to develop the new standard for rice cookers. With The Energy Foundation's support, LBNL has assisted CNIS in the revision of the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers that is expected to be effective in 2009. Specifically, work has been in the following areas: assistance in developing consumer survey on usage pattern of rice cookers, review of international standards, review of international test procedures, comparison of the international standards and test procedures, and assessment of technical options of reducing energy use. This report particularly summarizes the findings of reviewing international standards and technical options of reducing energy consumption. The report consists of an overview of rice cooker standards and labeling programs and testing procedures in Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Thailand, and Japan's case study in developing energy efficiency rice cooker technologies and rice cooker efficiency programs. The results from the analysis can be summarized as the follows: Hong Kong has a Voluntary Energy Efficiency Labeling scheme for electric rice cookers initiated in 2001, with revision implemented in 2007; South Korea has both MEPS and Mandatory Energy Efficiency Label targeting the same category of rice cookers as Hong Kong; Thailand's voluntary endorsement labeling program is similar to Hong Kong in program design but has 5 efficiency grades; Japan's program is distinct in its adoption of the 'Top Runner' approach, in which, the future efficiency standards is set based on the efficiency levels of the most efficient product in the current domestic market. Although the standards are voluntary, penalties can still be evoked if the average efficiency target is not met. Both Hong Kong and South Korea's tests involve pouring water into the inner pot equal to 80% of its rated volume; however, white rice is used as a load for its tests in Hong Kong whereas no rice is used for tests in South Korea. In Japan's case, water level specified by the manufactures is used and milled rice is used as a load only partially in the tests. Moreover, Japan does not conduct heat efficiency test but its energy consumption measurements tests are much more complex, with 4 different tests are conducted to determine the annual average energy consumption. Hong Kong and Thailand both set Minimum Allowable Heat Efficiency for different rated wattages. The energy efficiency requirements are identical except that the minimum heat efficiency in Thailand is 1 percentage point higher for all rated power categories. In South Korea, MEPS and label's energy efficiency grades are determined by the rice cooker's Rated Energy Efficiency for induction, non-induction, pressure, nonpressure rice cookers. Japan's target standard values are set for electromagnetic induction heating products and non-electromagnetic induction heating products by different size of rice cookers. Specific formulas are used by type and size depending on the mass of water evaporation of the rice cookers. Japan has been the leading country in technology development of various types of rice cookers, and developed concrete energy efficiency standards for rice cookers. However, as consumers in Japan emphasize the deliciousness of cooked rice over other factors, many types of models were developed to improve the taste of cooked rice. Nonetheless, the efficiency of electromagnetic induction heating (IH) rice cook

  6. How will Southeast Asian petrochemicals impact the HPI?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rothman, S.N. [Chem Systems, Tarrytown, NY (United States)

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of East Asia`s petrochemical industry has been phenomenal, with major complexes built in numerous locations. The Southeast Asian countries of particular interest are members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Brunei and Vietnam. As new capacity is built in this region, these large operating facilities will affect supply and demand for key petrochemical products--ethylene and polyolefins. What are the potential regional effects from this new capacity? Traditional net export countries will have to re-evaluate their future marketing strategies to remain competitive in Southeast Asia and other trading areas. As East Asia`s petrochemical industry comes of age, competition will undoubtedly increase. However, this growing region offers opportunities to widen manufacturing basis. The paper discusses basic chemical demands and the outlook for the Asian petrochemical industry.

  7. The petrochemical industry in developing Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vergava, W.; Bebelon, D.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses the need for information on the petrochemical industry in Asia in view of the fast-evolving situation of the industry in the region and the growing involvement of the World Bank with operations and studies in a number of Asian countries. It reviews the current trends of the industry with relevance for Asian-based producers and documents the substantial increases in activity and rates of growth of the sector in Asia. The current market situation in seven countries (Republic of Korea, India, China, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia) is also reviewed in some detail, including data on consumption, production and installed capacity for key petrochemical products and derivatives. The main issues in each country are summarized.

  8. The chemical industry, by country

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beijing will be the site for the third ACHEMASIA, international petrochemical and chemical exhibition and conference, May 15--20, 1995. In preparation for this conference, Hydrocarbon Processing contacted executives of petrochemical/chemical industries and trade associations, seeking views on the state of the industry. The Asia-Pacific region is the center of new construction and expanded capacity and also a mixture of mature, developing and emerging petrochemical industries. Established countries must mold and grow with emerging economies as the newcomers access natural resources and develop their own petrochemical infrastructures. The following nation reports focus on product supply/demand trends, economic forecasts, new construction, etc. Space limitations prohibit publishing commentaries from all countries that have petrochemical/chemical capacity. Reports are published from the following countries: Australia, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam.

  9. Detailed mining study executive summary: Saba Yoi lignite deposit. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study, conducted by John T. Boyd Company, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand. The report shows the results of a feasibility study conducted for the development of the Saba Yoi Coal Mine. The study gives an economic assessment of the project, as well as capital costs for mining and materials. This volume contains the Executive Summary and is divided into the following sections: (1) Project Setting; (2) Land Issues; (3) Geological Setting; (4) Lignite Resource Estimate; (5) Mine Design Parameters; (6) Lignite Reserve Estimate; (7) Annual Mine Output; (8) Phase 2: Conceptual Mining Systems Comparison; (9) Phase 3: Mining Plan Economic Assessment; (10) Recommendations; (11) Conclusion.

  10. Environmental externalities: Applying the concept to Asian coal-based power generation. [Includes external environmental and societal costs and methods of evaluating them

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the concept of environmental externality. It discusses various factors -- the atmospheric transformations, relationship of point-source emissions to ambient air quality, dose-response relationships, applicable cause-and-effect principles, and risk and valuation research -- that are considered by a number of state utilities when they apply the environmental externality concept to energy resource planning. It describes a methodology developed by Argonne National Laboratory for general use in resource planning, in combination with traditional methods that consider the cost of electricity production. Finally, it shows how the methodology can be applied in Indonesia, Thailand, and Taiwan to potential coal-fired power plant projects that will make use of clean coal technologies.

  11. Fuel option for gas turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tantayakom, S. [Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Nonthaburi (Thailand). Chemical and Analysis Dept.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Growth in electricity demand is an average of 10% per year. Energy, emission, and economy are importance of critical concerns for generating systems. Therefore, combined cycle power plant is preferred to Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) new power generating capacity. The various option of available fuel for gas turbine are natural gas, liquid fuel and coal fuel. Particularly with the tremendous price increases in imported and domestic fuel supplies, natural gas is an attractive low cost alternative for power generation. EGAT has researched using heavy fuel instead of natural gas since the year 1991. The problems of various corrosion characteristics have been found. In addition, fuel treatment for gas turbine are needed, and along with it, the environmental consideration are options that provide the limitation of environmental regulation.

  12. Final Report. SFAA No. DEFC02-98CH10961. Technical assistance for joint implementation and other supporting mechanisms and measures for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Denise

    2001-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    IIEC, a division of CERF, has developed an extensive base of experience implementing activities that support climate action by developing USIJI projects in transitional countries within Asia, Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe, and southern Africa. IIEC has been able to provide a range of technical and policy assistance to governments and industry in support of sustainable energy use. IIEC continues to work in key countries with local partners to develop and implement energy efficiency policies and standards, develop site-specific projects, and assist governing bodies to establish national priorities and evaluation criteria for approving GHG-mitigation projects. As part of this project, IIEC focused on promoting a series of activities in Thailand and South Africa in order to identify GHG mitigation projects and work within the national approval process of those countries. The sections of this report outline the activities conducted in each country in order to achieve that goal.

  13. Hazardous waste management in the Pacific basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cirillo, R.R.; Chiu, S.; Chun, K.C.; Conzelmann, G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Carpenter, R.A.; Indriyanto, S.H. [East-West Center, Honolulu, HI (United States)

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hazardous waste control activities in Asia and the Pacific have been reviewed. The review includes China (mainland, Hong Kong, and Taiwan), Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. It covers the sources of hazardous waste, the government structure for dealing with hazardous waste, and current hazardous waste control activities in each country. In addition, the hazardous waste program activities of US government agencies, US private-sector organizations, and international organizations are reviewed. The objective of these reviews is to provide a comprehensive picture of the current hazardous waste problems and the waste management approaches being used to address them so that new program activities can be designed more efficiently.

  14. Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 3, India and China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Ravindranath, N.H.; Somashekhar, B.S.; Gadgil, M. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore, (India). Center for Ecological Sciences and ASTRA; Deying, Xu [Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, (China). Research Inst. of Forestry

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the effort to understand the sources of carbon dioxide and other major greenhouse gases, the Tropical Forestry and Global Climate Change Research Network (F-7) was established. The countries taking part in the F-7 Network -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria and Thailand -- possess large tracts of tropical forests and together experience the bulk of large scale tropical deforestation. Integreation of work of indigenous researchers and institutions from the participating countries should allow for the gathering of on-site information into the more general and universally available base of knowledge. The information contained in this report represents the results of the first phase of the F-7 project, which had the explicit aim of providing quantitative data on forestry-related carbon emissions from India and China.

  15. (Acid rain workshop)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner, R.S.

    1990-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The traveler presented a paper entitled Susceptibility of Asian Ecosystems to Soil-Mediated Acid Rain Damage'' at the Second Workshop on Acid Rain in Asia. The workshop was organized by the Asian Institute of Technology (Bangkok, Thailand), Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne, Illinois), and Resource Management Associates (Madison, Wisconsin) and was sponsored by the US Department of Energy, the United Nations Environment Program, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, and the World Bank. Papers presented on the first day discussed how the experience gained with acid rain in North America and Europe might be applied to the Asian situation. Papers describing energy use projections, sulfur emissions, and effects of acid rain in several Asian countries were presented on the second day. The remaining time was allotted to discussion, planning, and writing plans for a future research program.

  16. Detailed mining study phase 3: Saba Yoi lignite deposit. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study, conducted by John T. Boyd Company, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand. The report presents Phase 3 of the feasibility study conducted for the development of the Saba Yoi Coal Mine. The study focuses on technical issues related to the development of the project including geological data and detailed mine development and scheduling. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) General Statement; (2) Summarized Findings; (3) Background; (4) Geology and Resources; (5) Geotechnical/Hydrogeological; (6) Detailed Mine Development; (7) Detailed Mine Production Scheduling; (8) Detailed Mine Analysis; (9) Mine Development and Facilities; (10) Mine Labor and Wages; and (11) Project Economics.

  17. Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Ravindranath, N.H.; Somashekhar, B.S.; Gadgil, M. (Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore, (India). Center for Ecological Sciences and ASTRA); Deying, Xu (Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, (China). Research Inst. of Forestry)

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the effort to understand the sources of carbon dioxide and other major greenhouse gases, the Tropical Forestry and Global Climate Change Research Network (F-7) was established. The countries taking part in the F-7 Network -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria and Thailand -- possess large tracts of tropical forests and together experience the bulk of large scale tropical deforestation. Integreation of work of indigenous researchers and institutions from the participating countries should allow for the gathering of on-site information into the more general and universally available base of knowledge. The information contained in this report represents the results of the first phase of the F-7 project, which had the explicit aim of providing quantitative data on forestry-related carbon emissions from India and China.

  18. Environmental externalities: Applying the concept to Asian coal-based power generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the concept of environmental externality. It discusses various factors -- the atmospheric transformations, relationship of point-source emissions to ambient air quality, dose-response relationships, applicable cause-and-effect principles, and risk and valuation research -- that are considered by a number of state utilities when they apply the environmental externality concept to energy resource planning. It describes a methodology developed by Argonne National Laboratory for general use in resource planning, in combination with traditional methods that consider the cost of electricity production. Finally, it shows how the methodology can be applied in Indonesia, Thailand, and Taiwan to potential coal-fired power plant projects that will make use of clean coal technologies.

  19. The Asia-Pacific coal technology conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Asia-Pacific coal technology conference was held in Honolulu, Hawaii, November 14--16, 1989. Topics discussed included the following: Expanded Horizons for US Coal Technology and Coal Trade; Future Coal-Fired Generation and Capacity Requirements of the Philippines; Taiwan Presentation; Korean Presentation; Hong Kong Future Coal Requirements; Indonesian Presentation; Electric Power System in Thailand; Coal in Malaysia -- A Position Paper; The US and Asia: Pacific Partners in Coal and Coal Technology; US Coal Production and Export; US Clean Coal Technologies; Developments in Coal Transport and Utilization; Alternative/Innovative Transport; Electricity Generation in Asia and the Pacific: Power Sector Demand for Coal, Oil and Natural Gas; Role of Clean Coal Technology in the Energy Future of the World; Global Climate Change: A Fossil Energy Perspective; Speaker: The Role of Coal in Meeting Hawaii's Power Needs; and Workshops on Critical Issues Associated with Coal Usage. Individual topics are processed separately for the data bases.

  20. Price control survey, continued: Five countries: A South-South perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Among the developing countries, there are multiple strata today, from star performers to those seemingly stuck in self-deepening poverty. Domestic energy-pricing policy, as it will continue to play its key role in economic development, is scrutinized in this issue featuring five developing nations. They make up some of the world's have not and have little peoples, striving to participate in the world economy. The nations examined are Thailand, South Korea, Chile, Venezuela, and Bolivia. This issue also presents the following: (1) the ED Refining Netback Data Series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of Dec. 20, 1991; and (2) the ED Fuel Price/Tax Series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere, December 1991 edition.

  1. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  2. Modeling and comparative assessment of municipal solid waste gasification for energy production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arafat, Hassan A., E-mail: harafat@masdar.ac.ae; Jijakli, Kenan

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • Study developed a methodology for the evaluation of gasification for MSW treatment. • Study was conducted comparatively for USA, UAE, and Thailand. • Study applies a thermodynamic model (Gibbs free energy minimization) using the Gasify software. • The energy efficiency of the process and the compatibility with different waste streams was studied. - Abstract: Gasification is the thermochemical conversion of organic feedstocks mainly into combustible syngas (CO and H{sub 2}) along with other constituents. It has been widely used to convert coal into gaseous energy carriers but only has been recently looked at as a process for producing energy from biomass. This study explores the potential of gasification for energy production and treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW). It relies on adapting the theory governing the chemistry and kinetics of the gasification process to the use of MSW as a feedstock to the process. It also relies on an equilibrium kinetics and thermodynamics solver tool (Gasify®) in the process of modeling gasification of MSW. The effect of process temperature variation on gasifying MSW was explored and the results were compared to incineration as an alternative to gasification of MSW. Also, the assessment was performed comparatively for gasification of MSW in the United Arab Emirates, USA, and Thailand, presenting a spectrum of socioeconomic settings with varying MSW compositions in order to explore the effect of MSW composition variance on the products of gasification. All in all, this study provides an insight into the potential of gasification for the treatment of MSW and as a waste to energy alternative to incineration.

  3. Microwave remote plasma enhanced-atomic layer deposition system with multicusp confinement chamber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dechana, A. [Program of Physics and General Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Songkhla Rajabhat University, Songkhla 90000 (Thailand); Thamboon, P. [Science and Technology Research Institute, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand); Boonyawan, D., E-mail: dheerawan.b@cmu.ac.th [Plasma and Beam Physics Research Facility, Department of Physics and Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A microwave remote Plasma Enhanced-Atomic Layer Deposition system with multicusp confinement chamber is established at the Plasma and Beam Physics research facilities, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The system produces highly-reactive plasma species in order to enhance the deposition process of thin films. The addition of the multicusp magnetic fields further improves the plasma density and uniformity in the reaction chamber. Thus, the system is more favorable to temperature-sensitive substrates when heating becomes unwanted. Furthermore, the remote-plasma feature, which is generated via microwave power source, offers tunability of the plasma properties separately from the process. As a result, the system provides high flexibility in choice of materials and design experiments, particularly for low-temperature applications. Performance evaluations of the system were carried on coating experiments of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layers onto a silicon wafer. The plasma characteristics in the chamber will be described. The resulted Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films—analyzed by Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry in channeling mode and by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy techniques—will be discussed.

  4. Demand-Supply Optimization with Risk Management for a Multi-Connection Water Reservoir Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatpatanasiri, Ratthachat

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we propose a framework to solve a demand-supply optimization problem of long-term water resource allocation on a multi-connection reservoir network which, in two aspects, is different to the problem considered in previous works. First, while all previous works consider a problem where each reservoir can transfer water to only one fixed reservoir, we consider a multi-connection network being constructed in Thailand in which each reservoir can transfer water to many reservoirs in one period of time. Second, a demand-supply plan considered here is static, in contrast to a dynamic policy considered in previous works. Moreover, in order to efficiently develop a long-term static plan, a severe loss (a risk) is taken into account, i.e. a risk occurs if the real amount of water stored in each reservoir in each time period is less than what planned by the optimizer. The multi-connection function and the risk make the problem rather complex such that traditional stochastic dynamic programming and determi...

  5. Applying clean coal technologies in the Asian Pacific Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gillette, J.L.; Szpunar, C.B.; Surles, T.G.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States is well positioned to play an expanding role in meeting the energy-technology demands of the Asian Pacific Basin (APB). The US Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Demonstration Program, spearheaded, stewarded, and managed by the US Department of Energy in full partnership with US industry, provides a proving ground for innovative coal-related technologies. Its precombustion, combustion, postcombustion, and conversion technologies, once tested and proven at the demonstration level, are expected to be applicable to coal-burning facilities in the APB (and elsewhere), in both the utility and industrial sectors. These technologies and concepts are expected to allow for increased utilization of the vast coal and lignite resources in the APB in an efficient, economic, and environmentally acceptable manner. They also could provide the opportunity for increased sales of US coals. Specific, potential applications in the APB will be presented, highlighting possibilities in Indonesia, Japan, the Peoples' Republic of China, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. 4 refs., 1 tab.

  6. Nuclear power grows in China`s energy mix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Xavier [Institute of Technology`s Energy Program, Bangkok (Thailand)

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China`s rapid economic growth in the past two decades has caused the nations`s demand for electricity to exceed its capacity. AS of 1992, with power shortages as high as 25 percent, {open_quotes}power plant operators were often forced to resort to rolling brownouts to avoid complete system breakdowns,{close_quotes} says Xavier Chen, an assistant professor with the Asian Institute of Technology`s Energy Program in Bangkok, Thailand. To keep pace with China`s economic development, Chen estimates that {open_quotes}China must increase its electricity capacity 6 to 8 percent a year each year into the foreseeable future.{close_quotes} For now, coal is transported to power plants in the rapidly developing eastern coastal provinces at great expense. Chen also notes that the environmental disadvantages of coal make it a less desirable source of energy than nuclear. Development of nuclear energy is likely to go forward for another reason: In China, there is much less opposition to nuclear power plants than in other developing nations. {open_quotes}Nuclear energy likely will plan an important role in China`s future energy mix and help close the gap between electricity production and demand,{close_quotes} Chen says.

  7. The institutional needs of joint implementation projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watt, E.; Sathaye, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Buen, O. de; Masera, O. [National Univ. of Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico); Gelil, I.A. [Organization of Energy Conservation and Planning, Cairo (Egypt); Ravindranath, N.H. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore (India); Zhou, D.; Li, J. [Energy Research Inst., Beijing (China); Intarapravich, D. [Thailand Environmental Inst., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1995-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, the authors discuss options for developing institutions for joint implementation (JI) projects. They focus on the tasks which are unique to JI projects or require additional institutional needs--accepting the project by the host and investor countries and assessing the project`s greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction or sequestration--and they suggest the types of institutions that would enhance their performance. The evaluation is based on four sets of governmental and international criteria for JI projects, the experiences of ten pilot JI projects, and the perspectives of seven collaborating authors from China, Egypt, India, Mexico, and Thailand, who interviewed relevant government and non-government staff involved in JI issue assessment in their countries. After examining the roles for potential JI institutions, they present early findings arguing for a decentralized national JI structure, which includes: (1) national governmental panels providing host country acceptance of proposed JI projects; (2) project parties providing the assessment data on the GHG reduction or sequestration for the projects; (3) technical experts calculating these GHG flows; (4) certified verification teams checking the GHG calculations; and (5) members of an international JI Secretariat training and certifying the assessors, as well as resolving challenges to the verifications. 86 refs.

  8. Meteorological measurements in the vicinity of a coal burning power plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crescenti, G.H.; Gaynor, J.E.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2) are commonly observed during the cool season in the vicinity of a 2.5 GW coal burning power plant located in the Mae Moh Valley of northern Thailand. The power plant is the source for nearly all of the observed SO2 since there are no other major industrial activities in this region. These high pollution fumigation events occur almost on a daily basis, usually lasting for several hours between late morning and early afternoon. One-hour average SO2 concentrations commonly exceed 1,000 micrograms/cu m. As a result, an increase in the number of respiratory type health complaints have been observed by local clinics during this time of the year. Meteorological data were acquired from a variety of observing platforms during an intensive field study from December 1993 to February 1994. The measurements included horizontal and vertical wind velocity, air temperature, relative humidity, and solar radiation. In addition, turbulent flux measurements were acquired by a sonic anemometer. SO2 measurements were made at seven monitoring sites scattered throughout the valley. These data were used to examine the atmospheric processes which are responsible for these high pollution fumigation events.

  9. Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

  10. Investigation of lignite and firewood co-combustion in a furnace for tobacco curing application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakorn Tippayawong; Chutchawan Tantakitti; Satis Thavornun

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co-combustion of lignite and firewood was investigated for an application in tobacco curing industry in Northern Thailand. Extensive experiments have been carried out in a newly developed furnace suitable for small curing unit, in place of locally made furnace. The aim of this investigation is to evaluate the performance of the combustion chamber in the required thermal output range for tobacco curing and to examine the influence of fuel feed rate, fuel mixture ratio and air staging on the combustion and emission characteristics of the furnace during steady state operation. Their effects are characterized in terms of the observed variations of temperature distributions, emissions of CO, SO{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, O{sub 2} and combustion efficiency. Co-firing of firewood and lignite has been found to exhibit acceptable temperature distribution, high combustion efficiency and low emissions over a wide thermal output span. Stable operation at low (50 kW) and high (150 kW) thermal output was achieved with average CO and SO{sub 2} content in flue gas typically below 1400 and 100 ppm, respectively. Under the conditions considered, it was showed that the fuel feed rate had greater influence on combustion and emissions than firewood and lignite mixture ratio and air staging.

  11. Bibliography of information sources on East Asian energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salosis, J.

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first section of this bibliography is a subject index by title to sources of information on East Asian energy. The countries considered were: Brunei, the PRC, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, the Koreas, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. If the geographic coverage by any source is restricted to a particular country and was not indicated by the title, a country abbreviation in parentheses was added. Titles that include the term data base are computerized. The second section contains the Title Index which lists each printed publication alphabetically with frequency of publication and the US$ price for a yearly air mail subscription. The publisher or distribution office is listed below the title. The Data Base Index lists computerized sources with the author and the vendor providing either online access or tapes. No prices have been quoted in this section because of the wide range of methods in use and the impossibility of running benchmarks for this study. The Address Index lists the publishers, data base authors and vendors alphabetically.

  12. Markets for coal and coal technologies in Asian and Pacific Basin countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a new market analysis available from the Utility Data Institute (UDI), Viking Systems International (VSI) of Pittsburgh, PA, argues that the nations in the Pacific Basin and South Asia provide an exciting market opportunity for vendors and suppliers of coal power technology, services, and fuel. Critical market factors for increased coal use include: (1) availability of domestic coal resources; (2) price of competing fuels; (3) infrastructure for mining and transportation; (4) environmental regulations concerning coal use; and (5) the development and application of new coal technologies. An overview is presented of the current energy situation and future development options in thirteen different countries: Afghanistan, Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, People's Republic of China, Philippines, Republic of China (Taiwan), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Thailand. More than 150 detailed tables, charts, and maps present analyses of existing coal reserves, coal characteristics, domestic energy production by fuel mix, energy consumption, electric power generation, and regulatory practices in each country. The report was developed by VSI from two computerized data bases---one on coal characteristics and reserves, the other on electric utilities and power plants in Asian countries. A chapter in the report describes the data bases in more detail.

  13. Little study sees large growth in Asian natural gas market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Driscoll, M.

    1993-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Power capacity additions in Asia will at least triple by 2010, and Arthur D. Little Inc. predicts natural gas can pick up a good 15 percent of that market. The study predicts Asia potentially will need 720 gigawatts of new power generation by 2010, of which 15 percent may be gas-based. This represents a market three times the size of the US market in the same period, and would require more than $1 trillion in investment to finance the power generation projects alone. Six forces are driving new market opportunities for natural gas in Asia, and have set the stage for major investments in Asian gas-based power generation. They are: New technologies; growing environmental pressures; privatization; alternative energy pricing; gas availability; and continued economic growth. Japan, South Korea and Taiwan already have large, well-established markets for both gas and power that provide minimal opportunities for foreign investment. But the rest of Asia - specifically, India, Pakistan, the Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, the People's Republic of China, Thailand, Bangladesh and Myanmar - is still relatively undeveloped, the study said, and gas is emerging as an energy import substitute or export earner. The study found those countries will turn increased environmental awareness and concern into legislation as their economic prosperity grows, leading to a higher future value for natural gas relative to other fuels. Stricter emissions standards will favor gas over diesel, fuel oil and coal.

  14. Mitsubishi FGD plants for lignite fired boilers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kotake, Shinichiro; Okazoe, Kiyoshi; Iwashita, Koichiro; Yajima, Satoru

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to respond to the increasing electric energy demand for sustaining economic growth, construction of coal-fired thermal power plants worldwide is indispensable. As a countermeasure for environmental pollution which otherwise may reach a serious proportion from the operation of these plants, construction of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) plants is being promoted. Among these power stations where lignite fuel is burnt, the FGD plants concerned have to be designed to cope with high gas volume and SO{sub x} concentration as well as violent fluctuations in their values caused by such features of lignite as high sulfur content, low calorific volume, and unstable properties. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) has received construction awards for a total of seven (7) FGD plants for lignite-fired boilers in succession starting from that for CEZ as, Czech Republic followed by those for EGAT, Thailand in 1993. All these plants are presently operating satisfactorily since successful completion of their performance tests in 1996. Further, a construction award of three (3) more FGD plants for lignite-fired boilers was received from ENDESA (Spain) in 1995 which are now being outfitted and scheduled to start commercial operation in 1998. In this paper, the authors discuss the outline design of FGD plants for lignite-fired boilers based on experience of FGD plants constructed since 1970 for heavy oil--as well as black coal-fired boilers, together with items confirmed from the operation and design guideline hereafter.

  15. How can environmental regulations promote clean coal technology adoption in APEC developing economies?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The study examines both existing and emerging regulatory frameworks in order to determine which type of regulations that would be most effective at promoting clean coal technology adoption in development Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) economies and would be practical to implement. regulations targeting air emissions; regulations targeting water use; and regulations concerning coal combustion by-products. When considering the potential effect of existing and new environmental regulations on the adoption of clean coal the analysis of technologies was organised into three categories: environmental control technologies; high efficiency coal combustion technologies; and carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). To target the recommendations towards APEC economies that would benefit the most from this analysis, the study focused on developing and transition APEC economies that are expected to rely on coal for a large part of their future generating capacity. These economies include China, Indonesia, the Philippines, the Russian Federation, Thailand, and Vietnam. ACARP provided funding to this study, under Project C15078. 10 figs., 14 tabs., 10 apps.

  16. Research needs and data acquisition to apply US technology to foreign coals: Quarterly report, January-March 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data on coal characteristics, resources and environmental aspects were gathered previously for India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Afghanistan and Colombia. The relevant data from the information obtained on these countries was retrieved, summarized and transmitted for inclusion in the PETC coal database. Coal deposits and their locations on national maps were also provided. The data on coal characteristics was stored in a computerized database. Data has now been gathered for the Republic of Korea (South Korea), Australia, and People's Republic of China (China). Data for 104 developing countries was obtained from the World Bank on energy inputs to electric utilities. This data was entered into a computerized database prepared at Viking. The data includes types of fuel input for electricity generation, power plant capacities, total electricity generation, system frequencies, etc. The user can extract information of his/her choice from the database in a spreadsheet format, which can then be interfaced with a graphics software package to obtain a pictorial representation of the data.

  17. Energy use and sulphur dioxide emissions in Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shrestha, R.M.; Bhattacharya, S.C.; Malla, S. [Asian Inst. of Technology, Bangkok (Thailand)] [Asian Inst. of Technology, Bangkok (Thailand)

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a review of energy use in 22 selected countries of Asia and estimates the anthropogenic emission of sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) for the selected countries, both at national and disaggregated sub-country-regional levels. The paper also makes a comparative assessment of the Asian countries in terms of SO{sub 2} emission intensity (i.e. emission per GDP), emission per capita and emission density (i.e. emission per unit area). Total SO{sub 2} emission in the region was estimated to be about 38 million tons in 1990 Five countries, China, India, South Korea, Japan and Thailand, accounted for over 91% of the regional SO{sub 2} emission. Coal use had the dominant share (81%) of the total emission from the region. Among the economic sectors, industry contributed the largest share (49%) to the total emissions of the selected countries as a whole, followed by the power sector (30%). These findings suggest the need for mitigation strategies focussed on the industry and power sectors of the major emitting countries in Asia. 20 refs., 10 tabs.

  18. Zeolite formation from coal fly ash and its adsorption potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duangkamol Ruen-ngam; Doungmanee Rungsuk; Ronbanchob Apiratikul; Prasert Pavasant [Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok (Thailand). Department of Chemical Engineering

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility in converting coal fly ash (CFA) to zeolite was evaluated. CFA samples from the local power plant in Prachinburi province, Thailand, were collected during a 3-month time span to account for the inconsistency of the CFA quality, and it was evident that the deviation of the quality of the raw material did not have significant effects on the synthesis. The zeolite product was found to be type X. The most suitable weight ratio of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to CFA was approximately 2.25, because this gave reasonably high zeolite yield with good cation exchange capacity (CEC). The silica (Si)-to-aluminum (Al) molar ratio of 4.06 yielded the highest crystallinity level for zeolite X at 79% with a CEC of 240 meq/100 g and a surface area of 325 m{sup 2}/g. Optimal crystallization temperature and time were 90{sup o}C and 4 hr, respectively, which gave the highest CEC of approximately 305 meq/100 g. Yields obtained from all experiments were in the range of 50-72%. 29 refs., 5 tabs., 7 figs.

  19. Combustion of high-sulfur coal and anthracite wastes in a rotary kiln combustor with an advanced internal air distributor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cobb, J.T. Jr. (Pittsburgh Univ., PA (USA)); Ahn, Y.K. (Gilbert/Commonwealth, Inc., Reading, PA (USA)); Angelo, J.F. (Universal Energy International, Inc., Little Rock, AR (USA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluid bed combustors have received extensive testing with both high-sulfur coal and anthracite wastes. Rotary kilns are effective and popular devices for waste combustion. The Angelo Rotary Furnace{trademark} has been developed to improve the operation of rotary pyrolyzer/combustor systems through enhanced air distribution, which in this process is defined as staged, swirled combustion air injection. Fourteen of these new furnaces have been installed worldwide. Two units in Thailand, designed for rice hull feed with occasional lignite feed, have been recently started up. An older unit in Pennsylvania is being upgraded with a new, more advanced air distribution system for a series of tests this fall in which inexpensive high-sulfur coal and anthracite wastes will be fired with limestone. The purposes of these tests are to determine the burning characteristics of these two fuels in this system, to discover the Ca/S ratios necessary for operation of a rotary kiln combusting these fuels, and to observe the gas-borne emissions from the furnace. An extensive preliminary design study will be performed on a commercial installation for combustion of anthracite wastes. 14 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

  1. Heat extraction from salinity-gradient solar ponds using heat pipe heat exchangers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tundee, Sura; Terdtoon, Pradit; Sakulchangsatjatai, Phrut [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand); Singh, Randeep; Akbarzadeh, Aliakbar [Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Group, School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, RMIT University, Bundoora East Campus, Bundoora, Victoria 3083 (Australia)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of experimental and theoretical analysis on the heat extraction process from solar pond by using the heat pipe heat exchanger. In order to conduct research work, a small scale experimental solar pond with an area of 7.0 m{sup 2} and a depth of 1.5 m was built at Khon Kaen in North-Eastern Thailand (16 27'N102 E). Heat was successfully extracted from the lower convective zone (LCZ) of the solar pond by using a heat pipe heat exchanger made from 60 copper tubes with 21 mm inside diameter and 22 mm outside diameter. The length of the evaporator and condenser section was 800 mm and 200 mm respectively. R134a was used as the heat transfer fluid in the experiment. The theoretical model was formulated for the solar pond heat extraction on the basis of the energy conservation equations and by using the solar radiation data for the above location. Numerical methods were used to solve the modeling equations. In the analysis, the performance of heat exchanger is investigated by varying the velocity of inlet air used to extract heat from the condenser end of the heat pipe heat exchanger (HPHE). Air velocity was found to have a significant influence on the effectiveness of heat pipe heat exchanger. In the present investigation, there was an increase in effectiveness by 43% as the air velocity was decreased from 5 m/s to 1 m/s. The results obtained from the theoretical model showed good agreement with the experimental data. (author)

  2. ASEAN-USAID buildings energy conservation project. Volume 1, Energy standards: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F. [eds.][Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Deringer, J.J. [Deringer Group, Riva, MD (United States)

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mandatory or voluntary energy-efficiency standards for new or existing buildings can play an important role in a national program aimed at promoting energy conservation. Building codes and standards can provide a degree of control over design and building practices throughout the construction process, and encourage awareness of energy-conscious design. Studies in developed countries indicate that efficiency standards can produce energy reductions on the order of 20 to 40% or more. Within ASEAN, analyses of the savings potential from the proposed standards suggest that if implemented, these standards would produce savings over current new design practice of 19% to 24%. In this volume we provide an overview of the ASEAN-USAID project aimed at promulgating standards for energy efficiency in commercial buildings. The process of developing and implementing energy-efficiency standards for buildings can be subdivided into two key components: policy development; and technical and economic analysis. Each of these involves a number of steps and processes, as outlined in Figure 1-1. This volume describes the technical and economic analyses used to develop the proposed energy efficiency standards for four countries (Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Indonesia), and to refine an energy standard existing in Singapore since 1979. Though oriented toward the ASEAN region, the analysis methods described here are applicable in a range of settings, provided appropriate modifications are made for local building construction, climatic, economic, and political conditions. Implementation issues are not specifically addressed here; rather this volume is oriented towards the analytical work needed to establish or revise an energy standard for buildings.

  3. ASEAN--USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project final report. Volume 2, Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F. [eds.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume reports on research in the area of energy conservation technology applied to commercial buildings in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region. Unlike Volume I of this series, this volume is a compilation of original technical papers prepared by different authors in the project. In this regard, this volume is much like a technical journal. The papers that follow report on research conducted by both US and ASEAN researchers. The authors representing Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand, come from a range of positions in the energy arena, including government energy agencies, electric utilities, and universities. As such, they account for a wide range of perspectives on energy problems and the role that technology can play in solving them. This volume is about using energy more intelligently. In some cases, the effort is towards the use of more advanced technologies, such as low-emittance coatings on window glass, thermal energy storage, or cogeneration. In others, the emphasis is towards reclaiming traditional techniques for rendering energy services, but in new contexts such as lighting office buildings with natural light, or cooling buildings of all types with natural ventilation. Used in its broadest sense, the term ``technology`` encompasses all of the topics addressed in this volume. Along with the more customary associations of technology, such as advanced materials and equipment and the analysis of their performance, this volume treats design concepts and techniques, analysis of ``secondary`` impacts from applying technologies (i.e., unintended impacts, or impacts on parties not directly involved in the purchase and use of the technology), and the collection of primary data used for conducting technical analyses.

  4. Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

  5. India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

  6. Captive power plants and industrial sector in the developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Rim-Taig [Hyundai Engineering Co. (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The electrical power and energy is essential for the industrial sector of the countries which are transferring its social structure to the industry oriented one from the agrarian society. In Asian countries, this kind of transformation has actively been achieved in this century starting from Japan and followed by Korea, Taiwan, and it is more actively achieved in the countries of Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippine, India and China(PRC) in these days. It is valuable to review the effective utilizing of Power and Energy in the industrial sector of the developing countries. In this paper, it is therefore focussed to the captive power plants comparing those of utility companies such as government owned electrical power company and independent power company. It is noticed that major contribution to the electrical power generation in these days is largely dependent on the fossil fuel such as coal, oil and gas which are limited in source. Fossil energy reserves are assumed 1,194 trillion cubic meters or about 1,182 billion barrels of oil equivalent for natural gas 1,009 billion barrels for oil and at least 930 billion tons for coal in the world. According to the statistic data prepared by the World Energy Council, the fossil fuel contribution to electrical power generation records 92.3% in 1970 and 83.3% in 1990 in the world wide. Primary energy source for electrical power generation is shown in figure 1. It is therefore one of the most essential task of human being on how to utilize the limited fossil energy effectively and how to maximize the thermal efficiency in transferring the fossil fuel to usable energy either electrical power and energy or thermal energy of steam or hot/chilled water.

  7. An anticipatory integrated assessment of regional acidification: The RAINS-Asia model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amann, M. [International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg (Austria); Carmichael, G.R. [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States); Foell, W. [Resource Management Associates, Madison, WI (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Across large parts of Asia, air pollution problems are becoming more and more evident. Rainfall in some areas, including China, Japan, and Thailand, has been measured to be 10 times more acidic than unpolluted rain. Increasing evidence of acidification damage to ecosystems such as surface waters, soils, and economically important crops, is beginning to appear. In addition, urban air quality in many areas of the region continues to decrease. Current economic forecasts predict continued rapid economic growth in the region, which will bring with it increasing emissions of air pollutants, especially sulfur. The total primary energy demand in Asia currently doubles every twelve years (as compared to a world average of every 28 years). Coal is expected to continue to be the dominant energy source, with coal demand projected to increase by 65 percent per year, a rate that outpaces regional economic growth. If current trends in economic development and energy use in Asia continue, emissions of sulfur dioxide, one of the key components in acid rain, will more than triple within the next 30 years. Many ecosystems will be unable to continue to absorb these increased levels of pollution without harmful effects, thus creating a potential danger for irreversible environmental damage in many areas. In view of the potential environmental consequences of projected growth in Asian energy consumption, emissions, and air pollution, the World Bank, together with the Asian Development Bank, have funded a project to develop and implement an integrated assessment model for the acid deposition phenomenon in Asia. The Regional Air Pollution INformation and Simulation model for Asia (RAINS-Asia) is a software tool to help decision makers assess and project future trends in emissions, transport, and deposition of air pollutants, and their potential environmental effects.

  8. COAL LOGISTICS. Tracking U.S. Coal Exports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sall, G.W. [US Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1988-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    COAL LOGISTICS has the capability to track coal from a U. S. mine or mining area to a foreign consumer`s receiving dock. The system contains substantial quantities of information about the types of coal available in different U. S. coalfields, present and potential inland transportation routes to tidewater piers, and shipping routes to and port capabilities in Italy, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. It is designed to facilitate comparisons of coal quality and price at several stages of the export process, including delivered prices at a wide range of destinations. COAL LOGISTICS can be used to examine coal quality within or between any of 18 U. S. coalfields, including three in Alaska, or to compare alternative routes and associated service prices between coal-producing regions and ports-of-exit. It may be used to explore the possibilities of different ship sizes, marine routes, and foreign receiving terminals for coal exports. The system contains three types of information: records of coal quality, domestic coal transportation options, and descriptions of marine shipment routes. COAL LOGISTICS contains over 3100 proximate analyses of U. S. steam coals, usually supplemented by data for ash softening temperature and Hardgrove grindability; over 1100 proximate analyses for coals with metallurgical potential, usually including free swelling index values; 87 domestic coal transportation options: rail, barge, truck, and multi-mode routes that connect 18 coal regions with 15 U. S. ports and two Canadian terminals; and data on 22 Italian receiving ports for thermal and metallurgical coal and 24 coal receiving ports along the Asian Pacific Rim. An auxiliary program, CLINDEX, is included which is used to index the database files.

  9. Transport growth in Bangkok: Energy, environment, and traffic congestion. Workshop proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Philpott, J. [Asia Regional Office, Bangkok (Thailand)

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is a physically and economically complexcity with a complicated transport system. With daily traffic congestion averaging 16 hours, the air quality is such that to breathe street level pollution for 8 eight hours is roughly equivalent to smoking nine cigarettes per day. Estimates suggest idling traffic costs up to $1.6 billion annually. Energy use within the transport sector is on a steady rise with an estimated increase in 11 years of two and one half times. Severe health impacts have begun to effect many residents - young children and the elderly being particularly vulnerable. Bangkok`s air quality and congestion problems are far from hopeless. Great potential exists for Bangkok to remedy its transport-related problems. The city has many necessary characteristics that allow an efficient, economical system of transport. For example, its high density level makes the city a prime candidate for an efficient system of mass transit and the multitude and close proximity of shops, street vendors, restaurants, and residential areas is highly conducive to walking and cycling. Technical knowledge and capacity to devise and implement innovative policies and projects to address air quality and congestion problems is plentiful. There is also consensus among Bangkokians that something needs to be done immediately to clear the air and the roads. However, little has been done. This report proposes a new approach to transport planning for Bangkok that integrates consideration of ecological, social, and financial viability in the process of making decisions regarding managing existing infrastructure and investments in new infrastructure. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  10. New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

  11. Environmental externalities: An ASEAN application to coal-based power generation. [Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant benefits to human health that result from emissions control programs may justify the costs of pollution control policies. Many scientists, economists, risk analysts, and policymakers believe that comparisons of the benefits with the costs of pollution control demonstrate that the US stationary source, air emissions control program is justified. This justification is based upon pronounced benefits to human health, especially from controlling suspended particulates and sulfur compounds. Market decisions are usually made on the basis of a consideration of traditional costs such as capital, operating and maintenance, fuel costs, and fixed charges. Social costs, which could be significant, are not incorporated explicitly into such decisions. These social costs could result in a net reduction in the welfare of individuals, and of society as a whole. Because these social costs and their effects are not represented in the price of energy, individual have no way to explicitly value them; hence, they remain unaccounted for in market decisions. By accounting for external costs, the selection of energy sources and production of energy products can lead to and equilibrium, where the total cost of energy and energy products, together with resulting social costs, can be brought to an economic minimum. The concept of an air emissions control program is of interest to the ASEAN countries (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand) and their governments, especially if such a program could be justified in cost-benefit terms and shown to be directly applicable to ASEAN conditions. It is the intent of the effort described herein to demonstrate that technical options are available to control emissions from coal-based, electric power plants and that that costs of these options may be justified in cost-benefit terms.

  12. Environmental externalities: An ASEAN application to coal-based power generation. Extract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant benefits to human health that result from emissions control programs may justify the costs of pollution control policies. Many scientists, economists, risk analysts, and policymakers believe that comparisons of the benefits with the costs of pollution control demonstrate that the US stationary source, air emissions control program is justified. This justification is based upon pronounced benefits to human health, especially from controlling suspended particulates and sulfur compounds. Market decisions are usually made on the basis of a consideration of traditional costs such as capital, operating and maintenance, fuel costs, and fixed charges. Social costs, which could be significant, are not incorporated explicitly into such decisions. These social costs could result in a net reduction in the welfare of individuals, and of society as a whole. Because these social costs and their effects are not represented in the price of energy, individual have no way to explicitly value them; hence, they remain unaccounted for in market decisions. By accounting for external costs, the selection of energy sources and production of energy products can lead to and equilibrium, where the total cost of energy and energy products, together with resulting social costs, can be brought to an economic minimum. The concept of an air emissions control program is of interest to the ASEAN countries (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand) and their governments, especially if such a program could be justified in cost-benefit terms and shown to be directly applicable to ASEAN conditions. It is the intent of the effort described herein to demonstrate that technical options are available to control emissions from coal-based, electric power plants and that that costs of these options may be justified in cost-benefit terms.

  13. Measurement of genotoxic air pollutant exposures in street vendors and school children in and near Bangkok

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruchirawat, Mathuros [Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok 10210 (Thailand) and Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400 (Thailand)]. E-mail: mathuros@tubtim.cri.or.th; Navasumrit, Panida [Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok 10210 (Thailand); Settachan, Daam [Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok 10210 (Thailand); Tuntaviroon, Jantamas [Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok 10210 (Thailand); Buthbumrung, Nantaporn [Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok 10210 (Thailand); Sharma, Suman [Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology, Chulabhorn Research Institute, Bangkok 10210 (Thailand)

    2005-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of air pollution on human health are a great concern, particularly in big cities with severe traffic problems such as Bangkok, Thailand. In this study, exposure to genotoxic compounds in ambient air was studied by analysis of particle-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and benzene through direct measurement of concentrations in air as well as through the use of different biomarkers of exposure: urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) for PAHs and urinary t,t-muconic acid (t,t-MA) for benzene. The study was conducted in various susceptible groups of the population with different occupations in 5 traffic-congested areas of Bangkok, as well as in primary school children. The level of total PAHs on the main roads at various sites ranged from 7.10 to 83.04 ng/m{sup 3}, while benzene levels ranged from 16.35 to 49.25 ppb. In contrast, ambient levels in nearby temples, the control sites, ranged from 1.67 to 3.04 ng/m{sup 3} total PAHs and 10.16 to 16.25 ppb benzene. Street vendors selling clothes were exposed to 16.07 {+-} 1.64 ng/m{sup 3} total PAHs and 21.97 {+-} 1.50 ppb benzene, levels higher than in monks and nuns residing in nearby temples (5.34 {+-} 0.65 ng/m{sup 3} total PAHs and 13.69 {+-} 0.77 ppb benzene). Grilled-meat vendors in the same area were exposed to both total PAHs and benzene at even higher levels, possibly due to additional formation of PAHs during the grilling of meat (34.27 {+-} 7.02 ng/m{sup 3} total PAHs; 27.49 {+-} 2.72 ppb benzene). At the end of the workday, urinary 1-OHP levels in street vendors (0.12 and 0.15 {mu}mol/mol creatinine in clothes and grilled-meat vendors, respectively) were significantly higher than in controls (0.04 {mu}mol/mol creatinine; P < 0.01). Afternoon urinary t,t-MA levels in both groups of street vendors (0.12 mg/g creatinine) were also significantly higher than in controls (0.08 mg/g creatinine; P < 0.05). School children from two schools in Bangkok were exposed to total PAHs and benzene at levels of 6.70 {+-} 0.47 ng/m{sup 3} and 4.71 {+-} 0.25 ppb, respectively, higher than those to which children living outside the city were exposed (1.25 {+-} 0.24 ng/m{sup 3} total PAHs; 2.10 {+-} 0.16 ppb benzene). At the end of the school day, levels of urinary 1-OHP and t,t-MA were significantly higher (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01, respectively) in Bangkok school children (0.23 {mu}mol/mol creatinine and 0.27 mg/g creatinine, respectively) than in school children from outside Bangkok (0.10 {mu}mol/mol creatinine and 0.08 mg/g creatinine, respectively)