National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for thailand tonga tuvalu

  1. Office of Communication - Brochures Available

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tadjikistan Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks & Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United...

  2. Sandia Energy - CACTUS Software Download

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay...

  3. Sandia Energy - SNL-ESSC (Sandia National Laboratories - Extreme...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States...

  4. Sandia Energy - MHK Materials Database

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay...

  5. Sandia Energy - Numerical Manufacturing And Design Tool (NuMAD...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States...

  6. Tuvalu: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP) | OpenTrack WindTuvalu: Energy Resources

  7. Tonga Capital Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open EnergyTinoxOpenStatutes JumpTombstone,Tonawanda, NewTonga

  8. Tonga: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation PolicyTinna Group JumpTombigbee Electric Coop,Tonga:

  9. The State and the Church, the State of the Church in Tonga 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niumeitolu, Heneli T

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation examines the impact of ‘Tongan culture’ as represented by those with power in the Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga (FWC). The word “free” in the name of a church usually denotes the desire to be independent ...

  10. Stress field in the subducting lithosphere and comparison with deep earthquakes in Tonga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gable, Carl W.

    Stress field in the subducting lithosphere and comparison with deep earthquakes in Tonga A. Guest1 an alternative explanation for stresses causing deep earthquakes. Our model lithosphere is composed of a olivine of stress in the subducting lithosphere. Dislocation creep and Peierls stress creep laws are included

  11. Sedimentation in theTonga forearc is dominated by the redeposition of volcaniclastic sediment from the arc volcanic front by mass flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clift, Peter

    ABSTRACT Sedimentation in theTonga forearc is dominated by the redeposition of volcaniclastic sediment from the arc volcanic front by mass flows and turbidity currents onto the adjacent Tonga Platform, the shallow- est, flattest part of the forearc region.The greatest sediment thicknesses accumulate in debris

  12. Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate Protection Policy Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand - Programme for developing and implementing a climate...

  13. Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future...

  14. Thailand: Country Report on Labelling and Packaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chitanondh, Hatai; World Health Organization

    2003-01-01

    interviews. Conclusion Package labelling is a vital measureLabelling Committee mandated a seventh health warning on cigarette packages,Labelling and Packaging In Thailand, there has been no scientific study of the impact of cigarette package

  15. Thailand

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4)9 Federal RegisterStorm1 3 6 5 1 6 4 60 290432 44/%2A

  16. An Update on Ethanol Production and Utilization in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloyd, Cary N.

    2009-10-01

    Thailand has continued to promote domestic biofuel utilization. Production and consumption of biofuel in Thailand have continued to increase at a fast rate due to aggressive policies of the Thai government in reducing foreign oil import and increasing domestic renewable energy utilization. This paper focuses on ethanol production and consumption, and the use of gasohol in Thailand. The paper is an update on the previous paper--Biofuel Infrastructure Development and Utilization in Thailand--in August 2008.

  17. Density anomalies in the crust and upper mantle below the Tonga-Kermadec trench and below the Rio Grande Rift: implied magnitude and orientation of maximum shear stress 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mecham, Brent Bradshaw

    1986-01-01

    throughout this project. The other members of my committee, Drs. D. A. Fahlquist and J. H. Spang, were quite helpful. I would also like to thank Dr. Gordon Eaton, president of Iowa State University, who before he left Texas ASM University, served on my... of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Geophysics DENSITY ANOMALIES IN THE CRUST AND UPPER MANTLE BELOW THE TONGA ? KERMADEC TRENCH AND BELOW THE RIO GRANDE...

  18. Karen Patricia, '06 Khao Lak, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Thailand and the most lives were lost here. Entrance to the Village and a tsunami warning sign (Part of the new warning system) #12;Me with my trusty wheelbarrow of concrete...on this particular day I won 26, 2004 tsunami, I had absolutely no idea what to expect. Joe, Kristen and I connected

  19. Natural ventilation : design for suburban houses in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tantasavasdi, Chalermwat, 1971-

    1998-01-01

    Natural Ventilation is the most effective passive cooling design strategy for architecture in hot and humid climates. In Thailand, natural ventilation has been the most essential element in the vernacular architecture such ...

  20. An Update on Ethanol Production and Utilization in Thailand—2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloyd, Cary N.; Foster, Nikolas AF

    2014-09-01

    In spite of the recent political turmoil, Thailand has continued to develop its ethanol based alternative fuel supply and demand infrastructure. Its support of production and sales of ethanol contributed to more than doubling the production over the past five years alone. In April 2014, average consumption stood at 3.18 million liter per day- more than a third on its way to its domestic consumption goal of 9 million liters per day by 2021. Strong government incentives and the phasing out of non-blended gasoline contributed substantially. Concurrently, exports dropped significantly to their lowest level since 2011, increasing the pressure on Thai policy makers to best balance energy independency goals with other priorities, such as Thailand’s trade balance and environmental aspirations. Utilization of second generation biofuels might have the potential to further expand Thailand’s growing ethanol market. Thailand has also dramatically increased its higher ethanol blend vehicle fleet, with all new vehicles sold in the Thai market now being E20 capable and the number of E85 vehicles increasing three fold in the last year from 100,000 in 2013 to 300,000 in 2014.

  1. Thailand-National Energy Efficiency Plan and Evidence-based Mitigation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Thailand-National Energy Efficiency Plan and Evidence-based Mitigation Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name GIZ-Thailand-National energy efficiency plan as a core element for...

  2. MHK Technologies/TUVALU | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050Enermar <OMIS D ESurgeWEC <

  3. Northern Thailand Geophysics Field Camp: Overview of Activities Lee M. Liberty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Northern Thailand Geophysics Field Camp: Overview of Activities Lee M. Liberty Boise State University conducted a geophysics field camp in northern Thailand in January, 2010 to train students and professionals in geophysical methods to address environmental and engineering challenges. Faculty, technicians

  4. Potential of biomass residue availability; The case of Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhattacharya, S.C.; Shrestha, R.M.; Ngamkajornvivat, S. (Energy Technology Div., Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok 10501 (TH))

    1989-01-01

    An acute shortage of fuel wood and charcoal prevails in many developing countries. A logical approach to the problem places emphasis on the development of alternative energy sources, including use of biomass residues. An assessment of the potential of biomass residues for energy and other uses calls for an estimation of their annual production. Also, because the residues are normally bulky they should be utilized near their place of origin whenever possible to avoid high transportation costs. Thus knowledge of the total national generation of residues per year does not provide enough information for planning residue utilization. This article illustrates a method of residue estimation that takes the case of Thailand as an example. It presents the annual generation of nine agricultural resides (paddy husk, paddy straw, bagasse, cotton stalk, corn cob, groundnut shell, cassava stalk and coconut husk and shell) and one forestry residue (sawdust) in different agroeconomic zones and regions of Thailand. The methodology used for the investigation of crop-to-residue ratios is outlined. The annual generation figures for the different residues along with observations about their traditional uses are presented.

  5. Appropriate technology water treatment processes for MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vater, Katherine Ann

    2008-01-01

    This thesis recommends the use of horizontal-flow roughing filters to treat spring water of variable annual quality in MaeLa Temporary Shelter, Thailand. The public drinking water system for 45,000 refugees is overseen by ...

  6. Determinants of Success for Community-based Tourism: The Case of Floating Markets in Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajirakachorn, Thanathorn

    2012-10-19

    observation as data collection tools. The fieldwork was conducted in Thailand during February – June 2010. Amphawa and Bangnoi floating markets were evaluated based on the ten factors. Results show that Amphawa, a larger and longer developed destination...

  7. A remarkable new leaf-cutter bee from Thailand (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.; Baker, D. B.

    2006-01-01

    A remarkable new species of leaf-cutter bee, Megachile trichorhytisma ENGEL sp. n., is described and figured from two males collected in northern Thailand. The species is placed in a new subgenus, Aethomegachile ENGEL & BAKER subgen. n...

  8. Geochemical associations and availability of cadmium (Cd) in a paddy field system, Northwestern Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosolsaksakul, Peerapat

    2014-11-27

    The Mae Tao watershed, northwestern Thailand, has become contaminated with cadmium (Cd) from the zinc mining activities area in the nearby Thanon-Thongchai mountains. Consumption of Cd-contaminated rice has led to ...

  9. Longitudinal in vitro surveillance of Plasmodium falciparum sensitivity to common anti-malarials in Thailand between 1994 and 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    mefloquine, chloroquine and quinine, across Thailand.sensitivity to chloroquine. Quinine resistance appears tofocus then turned back to quinine (QN); however because of

  10. Emerging nuclear programs in Asia: The Phillipines, Thailand, Indonesia, and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, M.L.

    1993-12-01

    This article is a review of the potential for nuclear energy development in the developing nations of Pakistan, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines. In each country, there is a substantial need for new generating capacity, and each is exploring the idea of having nuclear energy supply a meaningful portion of this new capacity. Of the four countries, only Pakistan is currently a nuclear operator, and one vintage CANDU plant in operation and the Chashma unit under construction. Thailand and Indonesia have ambitious plans to have 12 reactors in service by the year 2015.

  11. Thailand Public Web Services Registry in Web 2.0 Characteristics 123 . , 40002,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    2.0 Thailand Public Web Services Registry in Web 2.0 Characteristics 1 , 1 , 1 1 , , 123.noom@gmail.com 2.0 AJAX : , UDDI, , 2.0 Abstract A Web service is a software system designed to support interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network using XML . Web Services developers usually want

  12. GIS representation and assessment of water distribution system for Mae La Temporary Shelter, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Mary Pierce

    2008-01-01

    ArcGIS is used to analyze water access in Mae La, Thailand, home to 45,000 residents living as refugees in a temporary camp. Drinking water for the shelter is supplied at public tap stands while water for hygienic purposes ...

  13. TP53 gene mutations of lung cancer patients in upper northern Thailand and environmental risk factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TP53 gene mutations of lung cancer patients in upper northern Thailand and environmental risk mutations are observed in about 40e70% of lung cancer tissues, and the hot spot codon mu- tations factors that influence TP53 gene mutation in lung cancer patients residing areas with high lung cancer

  14. Public Management as Citizen Compliance: A Case Study of Income Tax Compliance Behavior in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandarasorn, Maneekwan

    2012-08-31

    countries including Thailand, where a personal income tax gap is at least 200 billion Baht ($6.7 billion) or 10% of the total revenue. The two major purposes of this study are 1) to explore citizens' perceptions of the Thai personal income tax system...

  15. Recent Advances on Agent Based Tsunami Evacuation Simulation: Case Studies at Indonesia, Thailand, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recent Advances on Agent Based Tsunami Evacuation Simulation: Case Studies at Indonesia, Thailand Through tsunami numerical models, tsunami researchers have worked on the understanding of the physics of tsunami events. Efforts to comprehend not only the natural phenomena but also the social complex behavior

  16. Hydrologic responses of a tropical catchment in Thailand and two temperate/cold catchments in north America to global warming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gan, T.Y.; Ahmad, Z.

    1997-12-31

    The hydrologic impact or sensitivities of three medium-sized catchments to global warming, one of tropical climate in Northern Thailand and two of temperate climate in the Sacramento and San Joaquin River basins of California, were investigated.

  17. The physical oceanography of the Gulf of Thailand, Naga Expedition; Bathythermograph (BT) temperature observations in the Timor sea, Naga Expedition, Cruise S11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Margaret K

    1974-01-01

    Klaus 1961. ‘Physical oceanography of the Southeast AsianScripps Institution of Oceanography La Jolla, CaliforniaCONTENTS THE PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY OF THE GULF OF THAILAND,

  18. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  19. Student-based archaeological geophysics in northern Thailand Emily A. Hinz*, Lee M. Liberty, and Spencer H. Wood, Boise State University, Fongsaward Singharajawarapan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Student-based archaeological geophysics in northern Thailand Emily A. Hinz*, Lee M. Liberty of Western Australia Summary As part of the 2010 near-surface geophysics workshop in Chiang Mai, Thailand, local archaeological targets were used as a basis for teaching geophysical data collection, processing

  20. Feasibility study of Northeast Thailand Gas Pipeline Project. Final report. Part 2. Compressed natural gas. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-09-01

    The volume is the second part of a three part study submitted to the Petroleum Authority of Thailand. Part II analyzes the potential use of compressed natural gas (CNG) as a transportation fuel for high mileage vehicles traveling the highway system of Thailand. The study provides an initial estimate of buses and trucks that are potential candidates for converting to natural gas vehicles (NGV). CNG technology is briefly reviewed. The types of refueling stations that may be sited along the highway are discussed. The estimated capital investments and typical layouts are presented. The report also discusses the issues involved in implementing a CNG program in Thailand, such as safety, user acceptability and the government's role.

  1. Siting process for disposal site of low level radiactive waste in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamkate, P.; Sriyotha, P.; Thiengtrongjit, S.; Sriyotha, K. )

    1992-01-01

    The radioactive waste in Thailand is composed of low level waste from the application of radioisotopes in medical treatment and industry, the operation of the 2 MW TRIGA Mark III Research Reactor and the production of radioisotopes at OAEP. In addition, the high activity of sealed radiation sources i.e. Cs-137 Co-60 and Ra-226 are also accumulated. Since the volume of treated waste has been gradually increased, the general needs for a repository become apparent. The near surface disposal method has been chosen for this aspect. The feasibility study on the underground disposal site has been done since 1982. The site selection criteria have been established, consisting of the rejection criteria, the technical performance criteria and the economic criteria. About 50 locations have been picked for consideration and 5 candidate sites have been selected and subsequent investigated. After thoroughly investigation, a definite location in Ratchburi Province, about 180 kilometers southwest of Bangkok, has been selected as the most suitable place for the near surface disposal of radioactive waste in Thailand.

  2. Proceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 856864, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 8 13, 2011. c 2011 AFNLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­864, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 8 ­ 13, 2011. c 2011 AFNLP Named Entity Recognition in Chinese News and 6000 comments downloaded from a popular Chinese news portal ­ www.sina.com.cn. The experimen- tal

  3. Perceptions of Caring and Nursing by Senior Level Baccalaureate Nursing Students from Thailand and the United States as Influenced by Curriculum Focus: A Descriptive, Comparative Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stopper, Mary Constance

    2012-12-31

    curriculum. Students from three schools in the Southeast or Midwest United States, and Thailand participated in the study. Senior level and entry level students provided their perceptions of caring using the Caring Factor Survey - Care Provider Version (CFS...

  4. The relevance of contemporary bronze casting in Ubon, Thailand for understanding the archaeological record of the Bronze Age in Peninsular Southeast Asia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everly, Daniel Eugene

    2006-04-12

    A direct historical approach is used in this thesis to document the lost wax casting technique as currently practiced by indigenous metallurgists in northeastern Thailand. The smiths observed at Ban Pba Ao, Ubon Ratchathani ...

  5. Effect of supplementation on vitamin A and zinc nutriture of children in northeast (NE) Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Udomkesmalee, E.; Dhanamitta, S.; Charoenklatkul, S.; Tantipopipat, S.; Banjong, O.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Kramer, T.R.; Smith, J.C. Jr. USDA, Beltsville, MD )

    1991-03-11

    Previous surveys of the nutritional status of young children in NE Thailand suggested that they may benefit from vitamin A (VA) and/or zinc (Zn) supplementation. 140 children, with low plasma retinol concentrations were entered in a double-blind study. They were randomized and supplemented with either VA, Zn, VA + Zn or placebo each weekday for 6 mos. All subjects consumed their usual diet that provided adequate protein, less than recommended calories, fat, Zn and VA. Biochemical indices of VA and Zn status increased significantly. The children had adequate VA liver stores as assessed by relative dose response. Zn supplementation resulted in improvement of vision restoration time in dim light using rapid dark adaptometry. VA and Zn synergistically normalized conjunctival epithelium after a 6 mo supplementation. Data suggest that functional improvements of populations with suboptimal VA and Zn nutriture can be accomplished by supplementation with {lt}2 times of RDA of these nutrients.

  6. From comfort to kilowatts: An integrated assessment of electricity conservation in Thailand's commercial sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busch, J.F. Jr.

    1990-08-01

    Thailand serves as a case study of the potential to conserve electricity in the fast-growing commercial sectors of the tropical developing world. We performed a field study of over 1100 Thai office workers in which a questionnaire survey and simultaneous physical measurements were taken. Both air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned buildings were included. We analyzed Thai subjective responses on the ASHRAE, McIntyre and other rating scales, relating them to Effective Temperature, demographics, and to rational indices of warmth such as PMV and TSENS. These results suggest that without sacrificing comfort, significant energy conservation opportunities exist through the relaxation of upper space temperature limits. To investigate the potential for conserving energy in a cost-effective manner, we performed a series of parametric simulations using the DOE-2.1D computer program on three commercial building prototypes based on actual buildings in Bangkok; an office, a hotel, and a shopping center. We investigated a wide range of energy conservation measures appropriate for each building type, from architectural measures to HVAC equipment and control solutions. The best measures applied in combination into high efficiency cases can generate energy savings in excess of 50%. Economic analyses performed for the high efficiency cases, resulted in costs of conserved energy of less than and internal rates of return in excess of 40%. Thermal cool storage, cogeneration, and gas cooling technology showed promise as cost-effective electric load management strategies.

  7. Water Footprints of Cassava- and Molasses-Based Ethanol Production in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mangmeechai, Aweewan; Pavasant, Prasert

    2013-12-15

    The Thai government has been promoting renewable energy as well as stimulating the consumption of its products. Replacing transport fuels with bioethanol will require substantial amounts of water and enhance water competition locally. This study shows that the water footprint (WF) of molasses-based ethanol is less than that of cassava-based ethanol. The WF of molasses-based ethanol is estimated to be in the range of 1,510-1,990 L water/L ethanol, while that of cassava-based ethanol is estimated at 2,300-2,820 L water/L ethanol. Approximately 99% of the water in each of these WFs is used to cultivate crops. Ethanol production requires not only substantial amounts of water but also government interventions because it is not cost competitive. In Thailand, the government has exploited several strategies to lower ethanol prices such as oil tax exemptions for consumers, cost compensation for ethanol producers, and crop price assurances for farmers. For the renewable energy policy to succeed in the long run, the government may want to consider promoting molasses-based ethanol production as well as irrigation system improvements and sugarcane yield-enhancing practices, since molasses-based ethanol is more favorable than cassava-based ethanol in terms of its water consumption, chemical fertilizer use, and production costs.

  8. IEEE Int. Symposium on Circ. and Systems (ISCAS), Bangkok Thailand, May 2003. A Modular Sensor Microsystem Utilizing a Universal Interface Circuit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason, Andrew

    IEEE Int. Symposium on Circ. and Systems (ISCAS), Bangkok Thailand, May 2003. A Modular Sensor: Corning IntelliSense, 36 Jonspin Rd., Wilmington, MA 01887 ABSTRACT The performance features of MEMS transducers allow the development of a new class of small, low-power sensor microsystems which utilize a suite

  9. Conditioning of the 4 Curies Radium-226 Sealed Radiation Source in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Punnachaiya, M.; Sawangsri, T.; Wanabongse, P.; Pruantonsai, P.; Nunjan, P.; Phattanasub, A.; Ya-Anant, N.; Thiangtrongjit, S.

    2006-07-01

    This paper describes the conditioning of the 4 curies Radium-226 (Ra-226) sealed radiation source using as a teletherapy unit for cancer treatment in Thailand. The conditioning was under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) supervision and budgetary supports, comprised of 6 operational steps: the surface dose rate and actual dimension of radium unit measurements, the appropriate lead shielding design with IAEA approval, confirmation of radioactive contamination before conditioning (smear test and radon gas leakage test), transfer of radium source unit into the designed shielding, confirmation of radioactive contamination and dose rate measurement after conditioning, and transportation of Ra-226 conditioning waste package to OAP interim waste storage. The Ra-226 unit was taken out of OAP temporary waste storage for the surface dose rate and the actual dimension measurements behind the 12 inches thick heavy concrete shielding. The maximum measured surface dose rate was 70 R/hr. The special lead container was designed according to its surface dose rate along the source unit which the maximum permissible dose limit for surface dose rate of waste package after conditioning at 2 mSv/hr was applied. The IAEA approved container had total weight of 2.4 ton. After the confirmation of radioactive contamination, Ra-226 source unit was transferred and loaded in the designed lead shielding within 2 minutes. The results of smear test before and after conditioning including radon gas leakage test revealed that there was no radioactive contamination. After conditioning, the surface dose rate measured on the top, bottom were 15,10 mR/hr and varied from 6 - 50 mR/hr around lead container. The Ra-226 conditioning waste package was safely transported to store in OAP interim waste storage. Total working time including the time consumed for radon gas leakage test was 3.5 hours. The total radiation dose received by 16 operators, were ranged from 1 - 69.84 {mu}Sv and the operational team completed the conditioning safely within the effective dose limit for occupational exposure of 50 mSv/year (200 {mu}Sv/day). (authors)

  10. The Role of Knowledge in Global Climate Change Governance: Modes of Legitimation in Tuvalu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazrus, Heather

    2005-01-01

    Local  and  global  environmental  governance.  pp335?350.  Local and global  environmental governance.  pp1?31.  Local and global environmental governance.   pp103?126.  

  11. Enhanced T-lymphocyte blastogenic response to tuberculin (PPD) in children of northeast (NE) Thailand supplemented with vitamin A (VA) and zinc (Zn)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, T.R.; Udomkesmalee, E.; Dhanamitta, S.; Sirisinha, S.; Charoenkiatkul, S.; Tantipopipat, S.; Banjong, O.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Smith, J.C. Jr. Mahidol Univ., Nakhon Pathom )

    1991-03-15

    Beneficial effects of Va and/or Zn supplementation of children in NE Thailand are described in a companion abstract. In the same study, blastogenic response (BR) of T-lymphocytes to concanavalin-A (ConA) and PPD were assayed in cultures containing mononuclear cells (MNC) or whole blood (WB). Methods were previously described. Children were previously vaccinated with BCG. BR to ConA of MNC or WB from children supplemented with VA, Zn, VA + Zn or placebo were similar. BR to PPD of MNC was higher in children receiving VA + Zn than placebo, but not in children supplemented with VA or Zn alone. Data indicate that children with suboptimal VA and Zn nutriture supplemented with < 2 times RDA of these nutrients showed enhanced cellular immunity to PPD. This observation is relevant to BCG immunization program and thus may benefit public health.

  12. Tonga-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film Solar TechnologiesCFR 1201Energy JumpToltec

  13. Thailand | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) August 20123/%2A en Signature

  14. UNCORRECTED NN: 2265 + Model pp. 19 (col. fig: NIL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cottrell, Garrison W.

    with Echo State Networks Matthew H. Tonga,, Adam D. Bicketta, Eric M. Christiansenb, Garrison W. Cottrella

  15. Thailand: Country Report on Labelling and Packaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chitanondh, Hatai; World Health Organization

    2003-01-01

    implemented because packaging and labelling is a section ofReport on Labelling and Packaging Hatai Chitanondh M.D. , F.Report on Labelling and Packaging Introduction From 1981 to

  16. Annual report 2007 + Rice farming\\Thailand.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : natural hazards and climate, ecosystems, access to water, food security, health and globalisation. In 2007 not only to reduce greenhouse gas emissions but also to apply strategies enabling populations to adapt and lagoons, deserts etc.) and population health. \\Prevention and management of natural and environmental

  17. Constructed Wetlands for Industry in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - Establish in 1998 - Research focuses in ­ Management/Treatment/Disposal ­ Bioremediation / Phytoremediation treatment ponds 1 water quality improvement pond #12;23/05/2012 5 The Constructed Wetland System - Shallow

  18. Joseph Skowronek, '06 Khao Lak, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    just roofs. Until then, families had to live in temporary shelters like the one below. #12;Along on earth escaping the monsoon in the village kitchen. I loved working on his house because him and his wife

  19. Thailand Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5th congressional district:View New

  20. Bangkok, Thailand: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:Bajo en Carbono, Mexico JumpElectric Coop,

  1. Thailand-IEA Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ AutomationTexas/Wind Resources < Texas Jump to:EnergyIEA

  2. Thailand: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ AutomationTexas/Wind Resources < Texas

  3. Gas treatment and by-products recovery of Thailand`s first coke plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diemer, P.E.; Seyfferth, W. [Krupp Uhde GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    Coke is needed in the blast furnace as the main fuel and chemical reactant and the main product of a coke plant. The second main product of the coke plant is coke oven gas. During treatment of the coke oven gas some coal chemicals like tar, ammonia, sulphur and benzole can be recovered as by-products. Since the market prices for these by-products are rather low and often erratic it does not in most cases justify the investment to recover these products. This is the reason why modern gas treatment plants only remove those impurities from the crude gas which must be removed for technical and environmental reasons. The cleaned gas, however, is a very valuable product as it replaces natural gas in steel work furnaces and can be used by other consumers. The surplus can be combusted in the boiler of a power plant. A good example for an optimal plant layout is the new coke oven facility of Thai Special Steel Industry (TSSI) in Rayong. The paper describes the TSSI`s coke oven gas treatment plant.

  4. Systems approach for housing prototype improvement : case study, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojanavanich, Pisit

    1983-01-01

    The urgent need for housing, especially for the low income families in most developing countries, is found to be exacerbated by various factors such as the adaptation of inappropriate policies, construction standards, ...

  5. Femtosecond Electron and Photon Pulses Facility in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rimjaem, S.; Thongbai, C.; Jinamoon, V.; Kangrang, N.; Kusoljariyakul, K.; Saisut, J.; Vilaithong, T.; Rhodes, M. W.; Wichaisirimongkol, P.

    2007-01-19

    Femtosecond electron and photon pulses facility has been established as SURIYA project at the Fast Neutron Research Facility (FNRF). Femtosecond electron bunches can be generated from a system consisting of an RF gun with a thermionic cathode, an alpha magnet as an magnetic bunch compressor, and a linear accelerator as a post acceleration section. Femtosecond electron pulses can be used directly or used as a source to produce equally short electromagnetic (EM) radiation pulses via certain kind of radiation production processes. At SURIYA project, we are interested especially in production of radiation in Far-infrared (FIR) regime. At these wavelengths, the radiation from femtosecond electron pulses is emitted coherently resulting in high intensity radiation. Overview of the facility, the generation of femtosecond electron bunches, the theoretical background of coherent transition radiation and the recent experimental results will be presented and discussed in this paper.

  6. The Impact of Climate Change on Electricity Demand in Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parkpoom, Suchao Jake

    2008-01-01

    Climate change is expected to lead to changes in ambient temperature, wind speed, humidity, precipitation and cloud cover. As electricity demand is closely influenced by these climatic variables, there is likely to be ...

  7. Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phumsathan, Sangsan

    2011-10-21

    Knowledge of visitor impacts is critical for sustainable tourism management in national parks. The focus of past tourism impact research on national parks is either on bio-physical impacts (conducted as recreation ecology research) or on social...

  8. Dependency and development in northern Thailand's tourism industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacher, Richard Geoffrey

    2009-05-15

    this economic problem of leakage, a major symptom of dependency, is well documented, there is a paucity of research on the methods to reduce leakage out of peripheral areas. Strategies that can be employed on the village level may be especially useful...

  9. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  10. Reinventing Siam: Ideas and Culture in Thailand, 1920-1944

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subrahmanyan, Arjun

    2013-01-01

    damp and dirty, animals lived under houses, and excrementkeep their animals away from their houses, but the villagersprovincial governor’s house using mixed animal dung for the

  11. Thailand Statistician July 2010; 8(2) : 207-222

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volodin, Andrei

    these past years in small and shallow lakes in Southern Saskatchewan (Canada). A significant summer fish kill wind, shallow water and low oxygen levels [1]. Recreational water may be contaminated from a variety area, livestock biomass, and urban nitrogenous wastes since the European settlement [4]. 2. Methodology

  12. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5th congressional district:View New(EC-LEDS) |

  13. Thailand-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5th congressional district:View

  14. Thailand-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5th congressional district:ViewInformation

  15. Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate Protection

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5th congressionalNIES Low-CarbonPolicy | Open

  16. Thailand Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberITerraPowerDeveloping Countries and the

  17. Thailand-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberITerraPowerDeveloping Countries and

  18. Thailand-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberITerraPowerDeveloping Countries and(CTI

  19. Thailand-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberITerraPowerDeveloping Countries

  20. Thailand-Key Results and Policy Recommendations for Future Bioenergy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberITerraPowerDeveloping

  1. Thailand-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberITerraPowerDevelopingInformation

  2. Thailand-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter

  3. Thailand-National Energy Policy and Development Plan | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation Policy and Development Plan Jump to: navigation,

  4. Thailand-Programme for Developing and Implementing a Climate Protection

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation Policy and Development Plan Jump to:

  5. Thailand-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation Policy and Development Plan Jump to:Renewable

  6. Thailand-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ AutomationTexas/Wind Resources < Texas JumpInformation

  7. Appears in Proceedings of the 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, April 2011, Sydney, Australia. JPL Clearance CL#11-0178

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaffer, Steven

    Institute, Thailand e Northeastern Hydro Power Plant, Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand f

  8. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    monitor influenza in the United States, Poland, Japan and Thailand, dengue fever in Brazil and Thailand, and tuberculosis in China and Thailand. The team was also able to...

  9. ACRS 2004 Chiang Mai, Thailand C-11.3 Remote Sensing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to validate the 1988 classification. In 2004 field data was collected with handheld GIS and GPS for accuracy assessment of the 2004 classification. The land cover/use information of the different years were. For training purposes the project provided equipment, data and material in digital image processing

  10. Mercury contamination of terrestrial vegetation near a caustic soda factory in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suckcharoen, S.

    1980-03-01

    The present study is concerned with the fall-out of mercury on some terrestrial plants and one species of aquatic plant growing in the vicinity of the TACSCO factory.

  11. Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Klong Luang, Pathumthani, Thailand The Small Earth Nepal (SEN), Kathmandu, Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    water quality and quantity has been one of the major concerns in water sector in the Kathmandu Valley sites, and direct disposal of domestic and industrial wastes to the surface water. Studies have shown Earth Nepal (SEN), Kathmandu, Nepal Center of Research for Environment Energy and Water (CREEW

  12. The Development of Improved Energy Efficient Housing for Thailand Utilizing Renewable Energy Technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasisuttha, S.; Haberl, J.

    2004-01-01

    electricity and heat domestic hot water. The solar energy system used in the analysis of the supplemental energy was a hybrid photovoltaic- thermal (PV-T2) collector system, which is a combination photovoltaic (for producing electricity) and solar... residential buildings is promising. One photovoltaic system, the hybrid photovoltaic-ther- mal (PV-T) collector system, has been investigated by several researchers over the last 20 years (Rockendorf et al., 1999). The hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T...

  13. Access to and penetration of ICT in rural Thailand Pitikorn Tengtrakul n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peha, Jon M.

    regions that maximize revenues. The study found that education is far more important than income what regions to target to maximize revenues, and whether or not other kinds of ICT companies represent

  14. Thermal and lighting performance of toplighting systems in the hot and humid climate of Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harntaweewongsa, Siritip

    2006-10-30

    3.10 Scale model materials and reflectance values................................................ 45 5.1 Horizontal exterior illuminance (HEI) level generated from RADIANCE .. 99 5.2 Single unit prototype: illuminance gradient comparison................................................................ 5 1.4.2. Delimitations ............................................................ 5 1.5. Organization of the Thesis ................................................... 6 II REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE...

  15. Holistic Approach for Water Management Planning of Nong Chok District in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suksawang, Wilasinee

    2012-01-01

    increased the level of flood risk to the city. As a result,Bangkok always holds high risk on flood damage and has beenBangkok holds high risk in flood damages during monsoon

  16. Int'l PVSEC -121 Technical Digest of the International PVSEC-14, Bangkok, Thailand, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    Properties of CIGS solar cells developed with evaporated II-VI buffer layers A. Romeo, R. Gysel, S. Buzzi, D in Voc and FF are measured. 1. Introduction High efficiency CIGS solar cells have been obtained. We present a comparison of the CIGS based solar cells made with CBD, PVD-CdS and PVD-Zn-based buffer

  17. Holistic Approach for Water Management Planning of Nong Chok District in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suksawang, Wilasinee

    2012-01-01

    Holistic Approach for Water Management Planning of Nong ChokSuksawang Holistic Approach for Water Management Planning ofas a metaphor to promote water detention systems for solving

  18. Holistic Approach for Water Management Planning of Nong Chok District in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suksawang, Wilasinee

    2012-01-01

    National Library, 2008. Rainwater Harvesting. Retrieved fromApril 1, 2012) Rainwater Harvesting Tank Size Calculation.at rain garden - Rainwater harvesting Rainwater Harvesting

  19. Holistic Approach for Water Management Planning of Nong Chok District in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suksawang, Wilasinee

    2012-01-01

    Nong Chok Halal Market Planning and Design Project byNong Chok Halal Market Planning and Design Project. Bangkok:Nong Chok Halal Market Planning and Design Project by

  20. A forecasting model of tourist arrivals from major markets to Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao, Ching

    1998-01-01

    International tourism is a rapidly growing phenomenon hics. worldwide. However, the East Asia and Pacific Region is expected to be the focus of the worldwide tourism industry in the new millennium because tourist arrivals and receipts registered a...

  1. Behaviours and attitudes in the management of nonpoint source pollution: Ping River Basin, Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bumbudsanpharoke, Wimolpat

    2010-01-01

    Agricultural nonpoint source pollution is recognised as a major cause of water pollution. The characteristics of nonpoint source pollution suggest that an efficient approach should focus on a source control and hence land-use management. Recently...

  2. New earthworm species of the genus Amynthas Kinberg, 1867 from Thailand (Clitellata, Oligochaeta, Megascolecidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bantaowong, Ueangfa; Chanabun, Ratmanee; Tongkerd, Piyoros; Sutcharit, Chirasak; James, Samuel W.; Panha, Somsak

    2011-04-14

    Waterfall, Amynthas borealis sp. n., from Chaloemprakiat district, and Amynthas srinan sp. n., from Srinan National Park.After comparing with the two closely related Laos species Amynthas chandyi Hong, 2008 and Amynthas namphouinensis Hong, 2008, the four...

  3. Reinventing flexibility : a hybrid paradigm for Thai markets in Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pattamasattayasonthi, Ekachai

    2011-01-01

    This thesis asserts that the current form of the proliferating modernization of Thai markets in terms of economic growth and the incorporation of building technology to improve goods storage, attractive envelope, and ...

  4. Thailand-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5th congressional district:View New(EC-LEDS)

  5. Thailand-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5th congressional

  6. Thailand-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5th congressionalNIES Low-Carbon Society

  7. Thailand-National Energy Efficiency Plan and Evidence-based Mitigation

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) |Information 5th congressionalNIES Low-Carbon

  8. Thailand-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation Policy and Development Plan Jump to:Renewable Energy

  9. Thailand-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ AutomationTexas/Wind Resources < Texas Jump to:Energy

  10. Thailand-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ AutomationTexas/Wind Resources < Texas Jump

  11. Thailand-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJ AutomationTexas/Wind Resources < Texas JumpInformationEnergy

  12. In Proceedings of 8 Australian International Conference on Speech Science and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, J. Bruce

    partnership with the many island communities such that technology may be developed in a cost" economy of Australia with a gross domestic product per capita of 21,200 US dollars to the subsistence economies of Kiribati and Tuvalu whose gross domestic product per capita is just 800 US dollars. These data

  13. Three Essays On Agricultural and Forestry Offsets In Climate Change Mitigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Siyi

    2012-07-16

    , New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu 17 RCAM Antigua Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras...

  14. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01

    2000), India (2001) and Croatia (2001) initiated mini-and Zimbabwe. Thailand-Zimbabwe, Thailand-Croatia, Thailand-Iran, Zimbabwe-Croatia, Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran,

  15. Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asia - Thailand Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian...

  16. From Comfort to Kilowatts: An Integrated Assessment of Electricity Conservation in Thailand's Commercial Sector. Volume 2: Technical Appendix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busch Jr., J.F.

    2010-01-01

    the misc. equipment energy use in the public space by taking36% of the total energy costs. The public space bill for the

  17. An investigation of methods for reducing the use of non-renewable energy resources for housing in Thailand 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasisuttha, Sakkara

    2005-08-29

    photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system, has been developed by several researchers over the last 20 years. The hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) collector system is a combination photovoltaic (for producing electricity) and solar thermal collector (for... producing hot water). Theoretical and experimental studies of this collector have highlighted the advantages of the hybrid PV-T collector system over separate systems of PV and solar collector in term of system efficiency and economics. Unfortunately...

  18. Proceedings of the 9th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, pages 29, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 12 and 13, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the notation of Language Tool. The expressive power of Language Tool's notation is analyzed and checked if Tagalog linguistic phenomena are captured or not. The system was tested using a collection of sentences, an error message is shown to the user. Currently, LanguageTool supports Belaru- sian, Catalan, Danish

  19. Application of DNA hybridization techniques in the assessment of diarrheal disease among refugess in Thailand. [Shigella; Escherichia coli; Campylobacter; Cryptosporidium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, D.N.; Echeverria, P.; Pitarangsi, C.; Seriwatana, J.; Sethabutr, O.; Bodhidatta, L.; Brown, C.; Herrmann, J.E.; Blacklow, N.R.

    1988-01-01

    The epidemiology and etiology of acute diarrheal disease were determined in a Hmong refugee camp on the Thai-Laotian border from April 11 to May 14, 1985. DNA hybridization techniques were used to detect Shigella species, enteroinvasive Escherichia coli, and enterotoxigenic E. coli. A monoclonal enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect rotavirus, and standard microbiology was used to detect other enteropathogens. The age-specific diarrheal disease rates were 47 episodes per month per 1000 children less than five years old and 113 episodes per month per 1000 children less than one year old. Rotavirus, enterotoxigenic E. coli, Campylobacter, and Cryptosporidium were the predominant pathogens in children less than two years old. The DNA probe hybridized with 94% of 31 specimens identified as enterotoxigenic E. coli by the standard assays and with none of the specimens in which the standard assays were negative. The probe for Shigella and enteroinvasive E. coli hybridized in eight of 10 stools that contained Shigella and four of 314 stools from which Shigella and enteroinvasive E. coli were not isolated. The use of DNA probes allows specimens to be collected in remote areas with a minimum amount of equipment and technical expertise so that they can be easily transported to a central laboratory for further processing.

  20. Joint International Conference on "Sustainable Energy and Environment (SEE 2006)" F-024 (O) 21-23 November 2006, Bangkok, Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    /removal of biomethanation projects, renewable energy projects and fuel switch projects. Large number of CDM projects from by renewable energy projects. Biomethanation projects have made a significant impact in the CDM market in terms a reasonable guidance for biomethanation projects in CDM. In India, The National Master Plan for biomethanation

  1. Proceedings of the 9th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, pages 5962, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 12 and 13, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , November 12 and 13, 2011. Philippine Languages Online Corpora: Status, issues, and prospects Shirley Dita on the building of online corpus for Philippine languages. As for the status, the Philippine Languages Online discussed in this paper. 1 Introduction The 171 living Philippine languages have been the subject

  2. Proceedings of the 2011 Named Entities Workshop, IJCNLP 2011, pages 2831, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 12, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on character alignment, and discriminative training based on the Margin Infused Re- laxed Algorithm. We the Margin Infused Re- laxed Algorithm (MIRA) (Crammer et al., 2005; McDonald, 2006). 2.2 Problem Setting

  3. Voluntary environmental programmes in the developing world: an examination of the ISO 14001 environmental management system certification in Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tambunlertchai, Kanittha

    2011-11-08

    . (5) Accounting for firm’s connectedness to the global economy Cross country studies on environmental spillovers and the global diffusion of EMS practices indicate that international trade linkages may have important roles to play in determining ISO...

  4. Safetywise Page 1 S A F E T Y A N D E N V I R O N M E N T A L P R O T E C T I O N O F F I C E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Bangkok, Thailand reported: "Five people have been hospitalized for exposure to radiation that leaked from the hospital because they showed only very slight expo- sure to radiation. Staff from Thailand's small atomic Exposure in Thailand Five Suffer Radiation Exposure in Thailand #12;SafetywisePage 2 ing from

  5. GT Human Resources PERSONAL DATA FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, Vietnam

  6. Estimating Seasonal Drivers in Childhood Infectious Diseases with Continuous Time Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbott, George H.

    2010-07-14

    similar results for a relatively unstudied city in childhood infectious disease research, Bangkok, Thailand....

  7. A critical dictionary of Herman Melville's Polynesian terms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christodoulou, Constantine

    2007-04-25

    . Melville?s Polynesian ?wad of old patches? (White-Jacket 4) incorporates not only cultural elements from various Polynesian groups, such as the Marquesans, the Tahitians, the Hawaiians, and the Tonga and Maori, several of which critics like Charles R... the Marquesan, including the Tonga, Maori, Tahitian, and Hawaiian, affects both the format and the content of the dictionary?s entries, and suggests that the interpretative ?fluidity? of Melville?s texts is linguistic as much as it is editorial or literary...

  8. A generic information extraction architecture for financial applications L.K.A. Weea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chew Lim

    and to the latest Internet web pages. Having the right useful information (or knowl- edge) at the right timeA generic information extraction architecture for financial applications L.K.A. Weea , L.C. Tonga The advent of computing has exacerbated the problem of overwhelming information. To manage the deluge

  9. INTRODUCTION Although accretion of oceanic sediments and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clift, Peter

    an Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) well, Site 841 (Fig. 1), located on the middle slope of the Tonga forearc- mental stage in the Wilson cycle. In this paper, we present sedimentary and struc- tural data from vol- canics at ODP Site 841 (Shipboard Scientific Party, 1992), as well as on the islands of 'Eua

  10. Page 34 MARGINS Newsletter No. 9, Fall 2002 Towards a Data Management Infrastructure for MARGINS: Examples from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    : Examples from Boomerang 8 and the Virtual Research Vessel Dawn J. Wright Department of Geosciences, Oregon- sues concerning the origin and structure of the Tonga forearc and trench includ- ing: (1) testing sites, as well as a comprehensive dredging program. The resulting web site is very simple by today

  11. Proceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 623631, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 8 13, 2011. c 2011 AFNLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    several relevant applications for digital libraries such as paper browsing aids, reading recommendations Classification Cailing Dong Ulrich Sch¨afer German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) Gmb.schaefer@dfki.de Abstract Classification of citations into categories such as use, refutation, comparison etc. may have

  12. Proceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 803810, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 8 13, 2011. c 2011 AFNLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Information Retrieval, Harbin Institute of Technology {whe,tliu}@ir.hit.edu.cn 2 Baidu {zhaoshiqi can be classified into two categories by the target of paraphrasing: (1) paraphrasing the input source category of paraphrasing training corpus, Bond et al. (2008) and Nakov (2008) paraphrase the source side

  13. Proceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 11621170, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 8 13, 2011. c 2011 AFNLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for extracting the keyphrases for the rea- son of authors' opinion from product re- views. The datasets for twoProceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 1162 Keyphrase Extraction G´abor Berend Department of Informatics, University of Szeged 2. ´Arp´ad t´er, H-6720

  14. Conference Paper for Electricity Industry in Transition: Issues and Prospects for Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, Jan. 14-16, 2004. 2003 Dennis Ray and Frank Wayno

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conference Paper for Electricity Industry in Transition: Issues and Prospects for Asia, Bangkok and Education in a Transitioning Electric Power Industry Dennis Ray Executive Director Power Systems Engineering University fjw2@cornell.edu Abstract The electric supply industry is in transition from its traditional

  15. Proceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 14081412, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 8 13, 2011. c 2011 AFNLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    retail market is growing immense, offering millions of products for customers. The products are generally, specific attributes like power consumption, pulsator, load, spin-dry effectiveness, noise, water us- age by the retailer for that particular product. Hence mining the attributes about which the customers discuss can

  16. Pre-stack inversion of a Gulf of Thailand OBC data set Indrajit G. Roy, Mrinal K. Sen, Carlos Torres-Verdin, and Omar J. Varela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    by these attribute sections. Introduction Full waveform pre-stack seismic inversion as an aid for reservoir. Travel time inversion or even migration of seismic wave field in pre-stack domain provides an estimate for reservoir characterization. Forward Problem and Optimization In our inversion we make use of data

  17. Proceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 545552, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 8 13, 2011. c 2011 AFNLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    linguis- tics. A linguistic phylogenetic tree conveys the evolution of a language family. The family tree can be constructed on the basis of characteris- tics that are common to sets of languages. which phylogenies. In Section 3, we describe our heuris- tic search algorithm to compute the minimum set of data

  18. Proceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 705713, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 8 13, 2011. c 2011 AFNLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -of-words model. vector dimensions animal buy apartment price rent kill house 30 60 90 55 45 10 hunting 90 15 12 of the compound house hunting due to the presence of irrelevant co-occurrences such as animal or kill. These co addition to compose the semantics of house hunting from the vectors house and hunting is the vector 120, 75

  19. Proceedings of the Workshop on Sentiment Analysis where AI meets Psychology (SAAIP), IJCNLP 2011, page 1, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 13, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a gold-standard set of human annotations. But what does `subjectivity' actually mean? What are `opinion the need to specify what the opinion actually applies to, and attempts also to determine the theme. Lately/sentiment than simply matching words and phrases that attach to the theme, and compu- ting a polarity score

  20. Proceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 811818, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 8 13, 2011. c 2011 AFNLP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.ldc.upenn.edu, ELRA: http://www.elra.info limited amount of bilingual resources is available, the pivot translationProceedings of the 5th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 811 statisti- cal machine translation focuses on the us- age of pivot languages in order to over- come resource

  1. Proceedings of the Workshop on Sentiment Analysis where AI meets Psychology (SAAIP), IJCNLP 2011, pages 7379, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 13, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardiff Social Media Research Group, ITT Dublin / Ireland John.Cardiff@ittdublin.ie Paolo Rosso NLE Lab the second or third page in search results. In this paper, we propose the "Tell me What I Need" (TWIN

  2. Climate Variability and Change Hydrological Impacts (Proceedings of the Fifth FRIEND World Conference held at Havana, Cuba, November 2006) IAHS Publ. 308, 2006.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    of rainfall, streamflow, evapotranspiration and net radiation from three representative regions: Northern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. The method used is a Data-Based Mechanistic tool called Asia, focusing on three representative geographical areas: Northern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia

  3. The role of gap phase processes in the biomass dynamics of tropical forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chave, Jérôme

    Department, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand 4 Forest Environment Division, Forest Research Institute Colorado Island (BCI), Panama; Pasoh and Lambir, Malaysia; and Huai Kha Khaeng (HKK), Thailand). We show in incoming solar radiation, in

  4. HostSymbiont Recognition in the Environmentally Transmitted Sepiolid SquidVibrio Mutualism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruby, Edward G.

    opportunity to study the evolution of speci®city and subsequent radiation of tightly coupled host of Thailand, Rayong, Thailand, were obtained for the production of juvenile E. tas- manic

  5. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01

    Greece Tunisia Togo Thailand Liberia Morocco Niger Cote d’Madagascar Rwanda Tunisia Liberia Cameroon Sri Lanka Tunisia

  6. Three essays on environment and development economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Jarrod Ross

    2011-01-01

    Thailand), which presented no detail on statistical results and evidently did not examine diurnal temperature vari- ation or solar radiation (

  7. Myriad Mirids: The spectacular radiation of Pseudoloxops (Hemiptera: Miridae) plant bugs in French Polynesia (and the kids that love them!)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balukjian, Bradley James

    2013-01-01

    Thailand, and Japan, places far distant from French Polynesia, and several of these specimens grouped with the French Polynesian radiation

  8. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2_MITCH_HEMBREE_NMMSS_2014_Obligations...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Norway Romania South Africa Switzerland Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Arab Emirates Obligations Process and 123 Agreement...

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - 7_James Warden_2013-05-06 123 agreements...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    - South Africa - Colombia - Switzerland - Egypt - Thailand - EURATOM (27 countries) - Turkey - India - Ukraine - Indonesia - United Arab Emirates - Japan - International Atomic...

  10. Megacities and Megatraffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutzbach, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Egypt Nigeria Chile Thailand Mongolia Oman Turkey Jordan Mexico Colombia China Philippines Pakistan INCOME PER-CAPITA (PURCHASING-POWER

  11. Economic Geology, Vol. 96, 2001, pp. 159-170

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartigny, Pierre

    Economic Geology, Vol. 96, 2001, pp. 159-170 Diamonds from Myanmar and Thailand: Characteristics University, Bangkok, Thailand, and GEMOC ARC National Key Centre, Macquarie University, New South Wales 2109 deposits at several localities in Myanmar, Thailand, and Sumatra; the deposits do not contain typical

  12. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1298313012, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/12983/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Mai, Thailand 2Atmospheric Chemistry Division (ACD), National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR, Chiang Mai, Thailand 5Department of Statistics, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand Correspondence to: T. Amnuaylojaroen (tum@ucar.edu) and M. C. Barth (barthm@ucar.edu) Received: 5

  13. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 8 (14), pp. 3341-3352, 20 July, 2009 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong-Ekkabut, Jirasak

    , Thailand 10400. Accepted 19 June, 2009 The effect of exposure to ultaviolet-A (UVA) radiation was studied 10400, Thailand. 2 Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, 272 Rama VI Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand. 3 Center for Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom

  14. Twenty-Nine Palms Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP) | OpenTrack WindTuvalu: Energy

  15. Twentynine Palms, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP) | OpenTrack WindTuvalu: EnergyTwentynine

  16. Twin Buttes Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP) | OpenTrack WindTuvalu:

  17. Twin Creeks Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP) | OpenTrack WindTuvalu:Creeks

  18. Twin Falls District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP) | OpenTrack WindTuvalu:CreeksDistrict

  19. Photo differential scanning calorimetry, UV thermal mechanical analysis and UV dynamic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Texas, University of

    ; ultraviolet (UV) light is used often, but sometimes an electron beam or gamma radiation12 is used instead 10140, Thailand 2 Laboratory of Advanced Polymers & Optimized Materials

  20. 123 Agreements for Peaceful Cooperation | National Nuclear Security...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Republic of (ROK) Morocco Norway Russia South Africa Switzerland Taiwan2 Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Arab Emirates 1 Euratom comprises the following Member States: Austria,...

  1. Microsoft Word - 122006 - Mirant Potomac River LLC - Monthly...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Ireland Italy Japan Malaysia Netherlands Philippines Scotland Singapore Thailand Turkey Venezuela www.ensr.aecom.com www.ensr.aecom.com About ENSR ENSR Locations ENSR, an...

  2. Fact #770: March 11, 2013 Changes to the Top Ten Vehicles Sold...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    years 2008 through 2012, the year 2011 stands out. Likely due to Japan's tsunamiearthquake and Thailand's flood, both of which disrupted the automotive supply chain for many...

  3. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    Egypt Poland Russia Ukraine Viet Nam Romania NigeriaThailand, Turkey and ukraine as the result of tax and pricebetween 2008 and 2014) Ukraine south africa achieved steady

  4. Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia, Thailand, Ukraine, Vietnam, Zambia Southern Europe, Southern Asia, South America, Central America,...

  5. China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2012-01-01

    Financial Analysis of Cogeneration Projects. Presentation atfinancial analysis for cogeneration projects in Thailand.integrated steel mills Cogeneration for the use of untapped

  6. Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Iron and Steel Industry in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Financial Analysis of Cogeneration Projects. Presentation atfinancial analysis for cogeneration projects in Thailand.integrated steel mills Cogeneration for the use of untapped

  7. Structure and Receptor Specificity of an Avian Flu Antigen

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    epizootic levels in domestic fowl in a number of Asian countries, including China, Vietnam, Thailand, Korea, Indonesia, Japan, and Cambodia, and has now spread to wild bird...

  8. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01

    Islami Slovak Repub India Barbados Andora Estonia NauruThailand Costa Rica Italy Barbados Slovak Andora India RepubIslami India Slovak Repub Barbados Estonia Belgium Oman

  9. Spring 2006 Application Preliminary Actuarial Exams Exams FM and C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CJordan

    2005-12-01

    Apr 1, 2006 ... Jamaica. Thailand. Quebec. 924 Hefei. 940 Kingston. 906 Bangkok. 840 Montreal. (No 8, EA). 852 Quebec. 888 Nanjing. Japan. Trinidad.

  10. Cubing the Kyoto Protocol: Post-Copenhagen Regulatory Reforms to Reset the Global Thermostat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrey, Steven

    2010-01-01

    Country Analysis Briefs: India, ENERGY INFO. ADMIN. (Aug.Blog/Blogging-Clean-Energy/india-rejects-mandatory-ghg-cuts/India and Thailand are from SPP independent renewable energy

  11. Channing Huntington

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    working and traveling from April to November. I've visited Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Panama, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore,...

  12. Exchange Market Pressure and Absorption by International Reserves: Emerging Markets and Fear of Reserve Loss During the 2008-09 Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Hutchison, Michael

    2010-01-01

    With the exception of Venezuela, all the emerging marketsrespectively), followed by Venezuela, Morocco, India andThailand, Turkey and Venezuela. We exclude Hungary because

  13. Essays on Banking Crises and Deposit Insurance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wen-Yao

    2009-05-15

    : Indonesia, Korea, Philippines and Thailand at the Time of the Crisis.................. 54 3.2.1 The Environment.......................................................... 55 3.2.1.1 Endowments and Preferences........................... 55...

  14. Downside Risk Constraints and Currency Hedging in International Portfolios: the Asian and Late-2000 Crisis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Ying

    2012-02-14

    The Financial Crisis, indicate that SF portfolio outperforms MV portfolio during most of the times, this result is especially obvious for Indonesian and Thailand....

  15. Reducing Energy Use with 50% ROI through Continuous Commissioning® 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge, D.

    2012-01-01

    ? technology CC? Commercialization Germany Hawaii South Korea U.K ESL- CC? Sites Thailand ?? Dr. David E. Claridge, P.E. dclaridge@tamu.edu ...

  16. Energy Management Standards (EnMS)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thailand, Korea) * Energy management standards are under development in China, Spain, Brazil, and European Union * ISO has initiated work on an international energy management...

  17. Cubing the Kyoto Protocol: Post-Copenhagen Regulatory Reforms to Reset the Global Thermostat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrey, Steven

    2010-01-01

    India and Thailand are from SPP independent renewable energyRenewable Energy Controlled period Sri Lanka No Hydro Open offer India:

  18. Health diplomacy and Adapting global health interventions to local needs: findings from project accept (HPTN 043), a community-based intervention to reduce HIV incidence in populations at risk in Sub-Saharan Africa and Thailand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    local perceptions of inter- national development activities, including the approval and acceptancefrom local monks was essential to com- munity acceptance of

  19. Knowledge Sharing for Pediatric Pain Management via a Web 2.0 Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

    , Khon Kaen, Thailand c CentreforPediatricPainResearch, IWKHealthCentre,Halifax,Canada Abstract that engages in collaborative learning and problem solving. We present the design and use of a web portal project concerning pediatric pain management in hospitals across Northern Thailand. We demonstrate the use

  20. Modeling greenhouse gas emissions from rice-based production systems: Sensitivity and upscaling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo analysis, for three selected counties or provinces in China, Thailand, and United States. Since N2O possesses a radiative forcing more than 10 times higher than CH4, the increase in N2O offset Asia START Regional Centre, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. 9 International Rice Research

  1. Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    Center, P.O. Box 1086, Taif, Saudi Arabia; 3 c/o VSO Thailand, 301 Hydon Compound, 223 Sukumvit Soi 4, Bangkok 10110, Thailand; 4 Zoological Laboratory, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 14, 9750 AA Haren), sometimes in excess of 50 C, intense solar radiation, desiccating winds, lack of surface water for drinking

  2. Radiative forcing due to enhancements in tropospheric ozone and carbonaceous aerosols caused by Asian fires during spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radiative forcing due to enhancements in tropospheric ozone and carbonaceous aerosols caused of fires that occurred in three regions of Asia, namely Thailand, Kazakhstan, and Siberia, during spring Dobson units (DU) near the Thailand region, and by lesser amounts in the other regions due to the fires

  3. January 26, 2012 1 Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glyde, Henry R.

    Department, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand since 25 January 1978. 1979 of the XVI Congress/General Assembly on the "Application of Synchrotron Radiation in Crystallography on High Temperature Superconductivity in Thailand" from 1988 till 1991. The project was sponsored by STDB

  4. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 9(21), pp. 3196-3206, 24 May, 2010 Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong-Ekkabut, Jirasak

    -A radiation on Leptospira interrogan serovar Bataviae, Canicola and Pomona Sudarat Chadsuthi1 , Jirasak Wong 10400, Thailand. 2 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand. 3 Center of Excellence for Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Faculty of Science, Mahidol

  5. Effects of Black Carbon Aerosols on the Indian Monsoon GERALD A. MEEHL, JULIE M. ARBLASTER,* AND WILLIAM D. COLLINS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arblaster, Julie

    radiation reaching the surface during the dry season, as noted in previous studies. The increased meridional, Thailand, and Malaysia, as seen in observations. During the summer monsoon season, the model experiments of India, Bangladesh, Burma, and Thailand. Analysis of single ensemble members from the multiple

  6. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, Thomas

    . Bindoff (Australia), Zhenlin Chen (China), Amnat Chidthaisong (Thailand), Jonathan M. Gregory (UK) Review Editors: Kansri Boonpragob (Thailand), Filippo Giorgi (Italy), Bubu Pateh Jallow (The Gambia TS.2.4 Radiative Forcing Due to Solar Activity and Volcanic Eruptions ................ 30 TS.2.5 Net

  7. Theoretical Economics Letters, 2013, 3, 14-20 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/tel.2013.35A1003 Published Online September 2013 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/tel)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    needs do- mestically, Thailand has implemented policies to en- courage the production and use of ethanol sugar cane to alternative fuels in 1985; the Royal Chitralada Project, which tested ethanol production. Thailand has vast agricultural resources. Some of the main feedstocks used in ethanol production are corn

  8. Publications and other Writings *pretty much a complete listing, but always growing... mostly with links to the papers, some

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loke, Seng W. - Loke, Seng W.

    Electrical Engineering Conference of Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand, November 1997. 10. Loke, S.W., Sterling, L - 245. ACM Press, March 1996. 2. Loke, S.W., Davison, A., and Sterling, L. CiFi: An Intelligent Agent report 96/4, as compressed postscript. 3. Loke, S.W., Davison, A., and Sterling, L. Lightweight Deductive

  9. How Numerical Simulations May Contribute to Tsunami Risk Preparedness: The 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean Event and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    for the purpose of a tsunami warning system. In this context we describe the Thailand case study of the 26th, warning system, Thailand case study Introduction Any fast deformation of the ocean sea floor may, in some2 Keynote 2 How Numerical Simulations May Contribute to Tsunami Risk Preparedness: The 26 December

  10. Structure-based methods for the phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal RNA molecules 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillespie, Joseph James

    2005-11-01

    fasciata, F. Lamprosoma sp., G. Metaxyonycha panamensis, H. Neolochmaea dilatipennis, I. Pyrrhalta aenescens J. Thailand specimen 11, K. Walterianella bucki ..................... 17 5 A gallery of diverse secondary structure diagrams from..., E. Epitrix fasciata, F. Lamprosoma sp., G. Metaxyonycha panamensis, H. Neolochmaea dilatipennis, I. Pyrrhalta aenescens J. Thailand specimen 11, K. Walterianella bucki, L. Eucerotoma sp. 344......................................... 18...

  11. AGING IN COMPARATIVE CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowgill, Donald O.

    1981-01-01

    in their respective societies-South­ east Africa, Thailand, Russia, Mexico and China. In southern and eastern Africa the predominant cultural orientation is Bantu. Whil~ there are, of course, cultural variations among the local tribes and clans still the whole... with these powerful spirits and after all, those old people will soon join that spirit world where they too will wield such powers. Thailand2 I have lived in Thailand for two years; in Chiengmai, 1964­ 65 and in Bangkok, 1968-69. Some of the generalizations rest upon...

  12. Proceedings of the 2014 Workshop on the Use of Computational Methods in the Study of Endangered Languages, pages 9199, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 26 June 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linguistics doug.cooper.thailand@gmail.com Abstract We are building an analytical data warehouse, accessed via portals like OLAC (Simons and Bird, 2000) and Glottolog (Nord- hoff and Hammarström, 2011

  13. Ocean temperature and salinity components of the MaddenJulian oscillation observed by Argo floats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    , with its increase in downward surface shortwave radiation and reduction in evaporation and upward latent. Singhruck Department of Marine Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand 123 Clim Dyn (2010) 35

  14. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2004, 82, 219235. With 5 figures 2004 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2004, 82, 219235 219

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorpe, Roger Stephen

    are considered full species by some workers) and two new species that have recently been described from Thailand of the most diverse radiations of pitvipers (McDi- armid, Campbell & Toure, 1999). The Trimeresurus radiation

  15. YUNNAN and her Cultural Treasures.i William Shiyuan WANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, William Shi-Yuan

    a large part of the boundary between Laos and Thailand, where it is called the Mekong. The Yuanjiang turns-Asiatic, Austronesian, and Miao-Yao families radiated outward to cover large sectors of the world. The rugged landscape

  16. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 18091835, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/1809/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Rajabhat University, 119 Lampang-Maeta Rd., Lampang, 52100, Thailand 3Institute for Energy and Climate measurements of limb-scattered solar radiation in the Hartley and Chappuis absorption bands of ozone. This data

  17. Structures and mechanisms of the first-branch northward-propagating intraseasonal oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tim

    , Visakhapatnam 530017, India S. Khokiattiwong Phuket Marine Biology Center, Phuket, Thailand T. R. Adi Á S. Budi shows the time-latitude section of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) and surface wind fields over Bo

  18. Z .Global and Planetary Change 26 2000 7784 www.elsevier.comrlocatergloplacha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    is only calculated radiation and atmospheric optical depth estimated from a database of global volcanicityArchaeol. Res., 13, pp. 483­501 . Modeled precipitation histories for specific sites in China, Thailand

  19. Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch (DBSB)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau, Don C.

    -growing region. (Full map shown here middle right.) Radiating lines from each of two villages in Nang Rong, Thailand, show the location of the plots farmed by residents. These lines are superimposed on inundation

  20. Molecular Ecology (2003) 12, 33833401 doi: 10.1046/j.1365-294X.2003.01995.x 2003 Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01

    , USA, 15Department of Medical Sciences, National Institute of Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand Abstract that the radiation of Histoplasma started between 3 and 13 million years ago in Latin America. Keywords: allopatric

  1. Innovations Required in Data Reconstruction Jeffrey A. Fessler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fessler, Jeffrey A.

    of Michigan Summit on Management of Radiation Dose in Computerized Tomography: Toward the Sub-mSv Exam Feb. 15Care / Univ. of Manitoba · Saowapak Sotthivirat, NSTDA Thailand · Web Stayman, JHU · Feng Yu, Univ. Bristol

  2. Fabrication and characterization of periodically patterned silica fiber structures for enhanced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heflin, Randy

    , Hatyai, Songkhla 90110, Thailand * yong@vt.edu Abstract: We develop and characterize a UV ablation femtosecond radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005). 8. A. Okada, K. Ishii, K. Mito, and K. Sasaki

  3. Project ServicesTailored to the needs of our clients Project Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such as the AVHRR-NOAA have often obviated the angular dependence of reflected and emitted radiation. New approaches, the Asian Institute of Technology (Thailand) and Stockholm University, with ITC as the lead partner. #12

  4. On 26 December 2004 the Indonesian sub-duction zone near the northern end of Sumatra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in northern Sumatra and expanded across the Indian Ocean and Andaman Sea, striking Sri Lanka and Thailand,it radiated seismic waves into the surrounding rock.The elastic waves expanded outward through Earth

  5. HORTSCIENCE 45(8):12931296. 2010. Stem Tissue Dimensions Correlate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marler, Thomas E.

    20260, Thailand Jack B. Fisher Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, 11935 Old Cutler Road, Coral Gables in some species to eventually radiate out and then down from the stem apex (Fig. 2C) or remaining upright

  6. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 97, No. 1A, pp. S152S173, January 2007, doi: 10.1785/0120050631 Coseismic Slip and Afterslip of the Great Mw 9.15 SumatraAndaman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Sumatra and along the Nicobar-Andaman islands, continuous and campaign GPS measurements from Thailand of radiated T waves. Our coseismic model is also consistent with interpretation of normal modes

  7. Defining the source region of the Indian Ocean Tsunami from GPS, altimeters, tide gauges and tsunami models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Socquet, Anne

    propagation time of the rupture led to constructive interference of waves radiating first from the South and minutes later from the North, strengthening the tsunami in Southern India, Sri Lanka and Thailand. We

  8. Chalcogenide Letters Vol. 9, No. 4, April 2012, p. 157 -163 IMPACT OF THE MORPHOLOGY OF TiO2 FILMS AS CATHODE BUFFER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    and Material Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand Semiconducting on conjugated polymers and can convert radiation from the sun to electricity,1-4 and have attracted great

  9. Southeast Asia applied geophysics workshop: Geoscientists without borders Lee M. Liberty*, Spencer H. Wood, Emily A. Hinz, and Dylan Mikesell, Boise State University, Fongsaward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Southeast Asia applied geophysics workshop: Geoscientists without borders Lee M. Liberty*, Spencer of the SEG Foundation Geoscientists Without Borders program, we conducted a geophysics workshop in northern Thailand to train students and professionals in geophysical methods to address environmental

  10. The city as educator : design projections for a public library in Bangkok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Peck Yee

    1991-01-01

    This thesis is an exploration of an architecture of relevance in the context of Bangkok, Thailand.The main concern behind this work is the disparity in values between ancient and modern models of society, and the need to ...

  11. Infrastructure investment and policy management of water resources for small-scale irrigated agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amornvivat, Sutapa, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    We investigate the options for enhancing the welfare of small farmers in Thailand through subsidies of irrigation infrastructure. Enhanced water storage and irrigation can significantly improve yield and the welfare of the ...

  12. Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Technology Development Risk Management...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    0800-001-427 TAIWAN 886-2-2795-7391 00801-136-033 THAILAND 001-800-1206-66639 TURKEY 00-800-151-0818 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 8000-35702389 UNITED KINGDOM BIRMINGHAM...

  13. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01

    20Fund%20-%20Thailand.pdf ETSU. 1999. Industrial SectorSee discussion of this report in ETSU, AEA Technology. 2001.environment/ccl/pdf/etsu-analysis.pdf European Commission,

  14. Pandemic Preparedness - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    number of human H5N1 cases have been reported in Azerbaijan, Cambodia, China, Djibouti, Egypt, Indonesia, Iraq, Thailand, Turkey, and Vietnam. More than half of the people infected...

  15. Volunteer Day Countries Represented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    China Colombia Egypt France Italy Japan Korea Kuwait Russia Saudi Arabia Spain Thailand Turkey UAE much and in how many ways this may change, depending on the price of gas! Q: Why do the American people

  16. CORECT: Committee on Renewable Energy Commerce and Trade, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    An overview of the activities of CORECT (Committee on Renewable Energy, Commerce and Trade) for 1991 is presented as a series of highlights and photographs of projects underway in Mexico, Guatemala, Montserrat, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and others.

  17. InsideIllinoisFeb. 1, 2007 Vol. 26, No. 13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bashir, Rashid

    cancer UI researchers have found that estrogen can shield breast cancer cells from immune cells. PAGE 8's leading think tanks. His talks were aimed at providing legal background as Thailand begins to write a new

  18. Development and Analysis of a Sustainable Low Energy House in a Hot and Humid Climate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chulsukon, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Sylvester, K. E.

    2002-01-01

    This study examines the lifetime building energy consumption of a typical house in Bangkok, Thailand. The lifetime building energy consumption is composed of three major components: 1) the energy used in building construction (i.e., embodied...

  19. Dover folio, Delaware-Maryland-New Jersey 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Benjamin L. (Benjamin LeRoy), 1874-1944.

    1906-01-01

    , transportation and construction energy), 2) the energy used in building operation (annual energy), and 3) the energy used in building demolition (demolition energy). The study used measured environmental and energy use data from a case-study house in Thailand...

  20. Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurence, William F.

    2012-08-01

    Thonburi, Bangkok 10150, Thailand. 22Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Scotland EH3 5LR, UK. 23Tshuapa-Lomami-Lualaba Project, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. 24Virginia Tech University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA. 25National Museum of Natural...

  1. Open to the public! : a new network of communal recreation waterfront space in Bangkok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srirojanapinyo, Apichart

    2009-01-01

    Physically and historically, Bangkok has been shaped by its relationship to its waterfront. Flowing 370 kilometers through Thailand, the Chao Phraya River is more than the nation's lifeline. It was a principal waterway ...

  2. WHAT CAN YOU DO? As a Bishop's or Champlain student, you

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volunteer Project to assist Burmese refugee and migrant children on the Thai-Burmese border and hardship or political repression in Burma (Myanmar) to relocate to towns and refugee camps in Thailand

  3. After the crash : reclaiming Bangkok's city of ghosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Kevin M., M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    This thesis addresses the issue of ghost buildings in Bangkok, Thailand - buildings left unfinished since the financial crisis of 1997. Predicated by massive foreign investment, profligate lending and speculative construction, ...

  4. THE YOUNG ACADEMY MOVEMENT CTHB MEMBER PLAYS A LEADING ROLE IN THE GLOBAL YOUNG ACADEMY AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Thailand and Uganda, all nations where the tolerance and rationality inherent than their older peers in interactions with society and with politicians. They also bring new energy

  5. Global Trade Policy Development in a Two-Track System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crump, Larry

    2006-01-01

    Australian–United States free trade agreement’ 56 Australian2002; Thailand–Australia Free Trade Agreement of 2004). OfThe Singapore–Australia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) can be

  6. Essays on Impacts of Avian Influenza Outbreaks on Financial Markets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    2011-02-22

    Asian countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam. This study found that HPAI affected the whole supply chain such as input industry, production, marketing, processing and consumers. The industries related to poultry lost much...

  7. Effects of Vernalization Duration, Light Intensity during Vernalization and Low Temperature Holding after Vernalization on Flowering of Nobile Dendrobium Hybrids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Min

    2012-07-16

    appeal, can be grown and sold at mass markets and programmed into flower for specific markets dates. Dendrobium Nobile Dendrobium nobile is an Asiatic orchid species that is native to the seasonal deciduous forest at Burma, India, Thailand...

  8. New species of the Eastern Hemisphere genera Afroheriades and Noteriades (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae), with keys to species of the former

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griswold, Terry; Gonzalez, Victor H.

    2011-11-23

    New species of the rarely encountered megachilid genera Afroheriades Peters from South Africa, Afroheriades hyalinus sp. n., and Noteriades Cockerell from Myanmar and Thailand, Noteriades jenniferae sp. n. and Noteriades spinosus sp. n...

  9. Students from India at a Major Research University in the United States: A Phenomenological Study of Transition, Adjustment, and Transformation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chennamsetti, Prashanti

    2011-08-08

    ). A sample size of 2,307 students from eight Asian countries, representing Mainland China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and Brunei and 349 students from three European countries representing Finland, Germany and Spain...

  10. A Classic Model in a Low Fertility Context: The Proximate Determinants of Fertility in South Korea and the United States 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guarneri, Christine E.

    2011-08-08

    the globe have raised questions regarding whether this model could be applied to exclusively below-replacement nations. This study follows Knodel, Chamratrithirong, and Debavalya's 1987 analysis of fertility decline in Thailand by conducting in-depth case...

  11. Mission Travelers: Relationship-building and Crosscultural Adaptation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yoon Jung

    2012-10-19

    . Considering the concept of the cultural distance between the participant's home culture and the host culture, American and Korean STM travelers who visited Cambodia or Thailand were recruited. Also, to understand the process of participant's relationship...

  12. Using a Constant Volume Displacement Ventilation System to Create a Micro Climate in a Large Airport Terminal in Bangkok 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmonds, P.; Gaw, W.

    1996-01-01

    In order to conserve energy and create a comfortable climate for both passengers and workers at a new large international airport in Thailand, a design concept was created where only the first 2m above the occupied zone is conditioned...

  13. The ability of the Kolbe A Index action modes to predict learners' attitudes and achievements within a Web-based training context 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wongchai, Sasicha

    2004-09-30

    program in economics in Thailand participated in this study. Data were collected entirely through the Internet and in English. Multiple linear regression analyses with backward stepping method were performed to answer the research questions. Based...

  14. SWAT Goes International 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2007-01-01

    , in January 2009 in Chang Mai, Thailand, and the 2010 conference in New Delhi, India. Srinivasan said researchers from every continent except Antarctica attend the international meetings. ?They have been a huge success,? he said. ?Every con- ference we...

  15. THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER VS STUDENT CENTERED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON THE VOCABULARY LEARNING OF SIXTH GRADE THAI STUDENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khuvasanond, Kirati

    2013-05-31

    This study focused on three different techniques used for teaching vocabulary to English as Foreign Language (EFL) students in Thailand. The purpose of this study was to find the "best" possible match of instructional technique with selected...

  16. AN EFFECTIVE FRAMEWORK FOR THE MODELING OF SEASONAL PARAMETERS FOR MEASLES USING A CONTINUOUS TIME MODEL 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Halwagi, Ali

    2012-05-03

    City may be different than those in lesser-developed regions like Thailand. Estimation of model parameters provides us insight into the driving forces affecting the spread of the disease. _______________ This thesis follows the style of Chemical...

  17. Cubing the Kyoto Protocol: Post-Copenhagen Regulatory Reforms to Reset the Global Thermostat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrey, Steven

    2010-01-01

    use a percentage of renewable energy for the production ofprograms subsidize renewable energy SPPs. Thailand does soto Promote Needed Renewable Energy, 37 B.C. ENVTL. AI-F. L.

  18. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01

    Syria Germany France Germany Turkey Venezuela Thailand EgyptGermany Japan Panama Japan Nicaragua Japan Mexico TurkeyTurkey Mexico Italy Grenada Cuba El Salvador Russia Afgha nista n Korea Germany

  19. List of participants Prague Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austria Warsaw Poland Istanbul Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech Republic Hungary Hatfield United Kingdom Budapest Hungary Thailand Dresden Germany Czech Republic Austria Slovakia Austria Austria Prague Czech

  20. Dr Zeljko Teki Assistant Professor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand, supported by Prince of Songkla University #12;Awards of Nottingham 2006/07 Scholarship of the Crown Prince Alexander II Foundation for Education in 2002/03 The best

  1. Bull. Disas. Prey. Res. Inst., Kyoto Univ., Vol. 45, Part 2,3 No. 391, February, 1996 61 A Simple Water Balance Model for a Mesoscale Catchment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    A Simple Water Balance Model for a Mesoscale Catchment Based on Heterogeneous Soil Water Storage Capacity, for the mesoscale catchments of Japan and Thailand. Sensitivity analysis of the model parameters has been conducted

  2. Mobile Apps to Provide Information for College Personnel and Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    Kaen, Thailand pjiranuwatt@kku.ac.th, warakorn9z@gmail.com, suchjo@kku.ac.th, ksorn@kku.ac.th, chanja on Circuit/Systems Computers and Communications (ITC-CSCC), Phuket, Thailand, July 1-4, 2014 436 #12;A. KKU Web Portal In Figure 2, we have developed a KKU web portal using PHP, MySQL and JavaScript to display

  3. Endohelminths from six rare species of turtles (Bataguridae) from Southeast Asia confiscated by international authorities in Hong Kong, China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Rebecca Ann

    2004-09-30

    is distributed from the Nicabar Islands, Bangladesh, and Assam, south through Burma, Thailand, Kampuchea, Vietnam, and Malaya, east in Indonesia to Sulawesi and Amboina. It is also located in the Philippines and Celebes. It inhabits lowland water bodies... vulnerable species (Hilton-Taylor, 2000). Cyclemys dentata The Asian leaf turtle is one of two members of the genus Cyclemys. It is distributed from northern India, southward through Burma, Thailand, Kampuchea, Vietnam, and Malaya, to Sumatra, Java...

  4. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20

    , Thailand, Burma, and Vietnam in the top 25. Outside of Eurasia, Mexico ranked in the top ten and Brazil and Columbia in the top twenty-five. Figure 1. Map of Number of Toponymic Homonyms. Page 6 Rank Country Count Rank Country Count 1 Russia 35392... 14 Poland 5930 2 China 19363 15 South Korea 5559 3 Iran 17386 16 Thailand 5405 4 Indonesia 16504 17 Burma 4844 5 Afghanistan 10461 18 Brazil 4614 6 Pakistan 9221 19 Ukraine 4358 7 Germany 8454 20 Belgium 4181 8 Mexico 8193 21 Peru 3978 9...

  5. Supplement 21, Part 4, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Nematoda and Acanthocephala 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zidar, Judith A.; Shaw, Judith H.; Haneman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

    1978-01-01

    diagnosis amended Anatrichosoma [sp.] Breznock, A. W.j and Pulley, L. T., 1975 a, figs. Hylobates lar ( ears, lips, nares, eyelids), case report, histopathology: primate colony in California, origi- nally obtained from colony in Bangkok, Thailand... epithelium, lamina propria): India (imported to California, U.S.A.) Anatrichosoma ocularis sp. n. File, S. K., 1974 a, 985-987, figs. 1-7 Tupaia glis (eye): Bangkok, Thailand Anatrichosoma rhina sp. n. Conrad, H. D.j and Wong, ?. ?., 1973 a, 289, 290...

  6. Socio-economic dynamics of biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    production from coconut oil. - Bioethanol is mainly produced from cassava and sugarcane. Thailand for agricultural staples such as palm oil for the production of biofuel also threatens to crowd out their use promoted as a solution for energy self- sufficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the production

  7. Mission Day The Call to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    knowledge and expertise on sustainability. #12;Our research Water research in Thailand Coffee waste water treatment in Nicaragua Garden- based education in the International District #12;The foods we enjoy... Bon Appétit buys local and organic whenever possible. The Farm to Fork program sources locally produced items

  8. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 96, pp. 34553462, March 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Robin L.

    per liter, much like the current portal effluent water. In the absence of plugging or other at-source control, current weathering rates indicate that the portal effluent will continue for approximately 3 of Thailand result from arsenic contamination of the shallow groundwaters be- cause of weathering of mine

  9. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 9951010, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/995/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    , Ministry of Transport, Thailand Correspondence to: P. J. Adams (petera@andrew.cmu.edu) Received: 27- centrations and cloud processes play a critical role in de- termining the aerosol indirect radiative forcings) has estimated the glob- ally and annually averaged indirect aerosol radiative forcing (only the cloud

  10. The landatmosphere water flux in the tropics J O S H U A B . F I S H E R *, YA D V I N D E R M A L H I *, D A M I E N B O N A L w , H U M B E R T O R . D A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Kevin

    University, Miami, FL, USA, zzzNational Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Thailand for the test region of Amazonia. Net radiation was the strongest determinant of evapotranspiration (mean difference vegeta- tion index (9%), precipitation (6%) and wind speed (4%). The radiation

  11. Analysis of an Aperture-Coupled Microstrip Patch Antenna having an Asymmetric Cross Slot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myung, Noh-Hoon

    of advantages like no spurious radiation from the feed network, high radiation efficiency, and performance optimization of the feed part and the radiation part independently by choosing the different permittivities and Propagation (ISAP 2009) October 20-23, 2009, Bangkok, THAILAND - 799 - #12;( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 1,2 1,2 1,2 1,2 1

  12. 324 JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 9, NO. 5, MAY 2013 Light Extraction Efficiency Enhancement of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    Science and Technology Development Agency, Payathai, Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand. J. F. Gilchrist radiative and current injection efficiencies. Novel growth methods for achieving low dislocation density InGaN/GaN ma- terial are also important for achieving high radiative efficiency from the nitride LEDs [16], [17

  13. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.1124 , 3923-3931 first published online 25 July 20122792012Proc. R. Soc. B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moorcroft, Paul R.

    in tree growth rates across four Variability in solar radiation and temperature explains Supplementary to on October 4, 2012rspb.royalsocietypublishing.orgDownloaded from #12;Variability in solar radiation, Thailand 5 Forest Environment Division, Forest Research Institute of Malaysia, Kepong, Kuala Lumpur 52109

  14. R. Astron. 346, 319--326 (2003) The power spectrum amplitude from clusters revisited: using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Peter

    2003-01-01

    , 40002, Thailand Accepted 2003 August Received original form November 8 ABSTRACT amplitude density­ ulations including radiative cooling pre­heating of cluster gas, which have previously shown reproduce well (Thomas et 2002) shown that inclusion extra physics, namely radiative cooling possible pre­ heating before

  15. 5.1 ______________________ Climate regulation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    , Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Vietnam the hydrology of SE Asia are the precipitation and net radiation. The delivery of precipitation to the land is generated by convective cells. The high input of solar radiation in the tropical SE Asia gives rise to high

  16. 0016-7622/yy-vv-n-000/$ 1.00 GEOL. SOC. INDIA JOURNAL GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    0016-7622/yy-vv-n-000/$ 1.00 © GEOL. SOC. INDIA JOURNAL GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA Vol.nn, mon yyyy, pp. Statistical Modelling of Rainfall and River Flow in Thailand K. BOOCHABUN 1 , W. TYCH 2 , N and discharge and their spatial distribution. Statistical patterns in the frequency of extreme rainfall and flow

  17. Structural and rheological aspect of mesoporous nanocrystalline TiO2 synthesized via solgel process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gulari, Erdogan

    ­gel process N. Phonthammachai a , T. Chairassameewong a , E. Gulari b , A.M. Jamieson c , S. Wongkasemjit a,* a The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Phya Thai Road, Bangkok 10330, Thailand b glycolate; Titania; Rheology; Sol­gel process and viscoelastic properties 1. Introduction Titanium dioxide

  18. RESEARCH Open Access Monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    of other major determinants. Keywords: Functional food, Obesity, Metabolic syndrome, Thailand Background]. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a flavor enhancer largely used in the food industry with individual con mechanisms that regulate food intake and energy expenditure [6]. Simi- larly, an elevated dietary MSG intake

  19. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    for Economic Cooperation and Development about anchor countries is divided in four major parts: The first part: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina of global challenges and worldwide problems because of its economic relevance, political influence in its

  20. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 Taiwan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Thailand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Turkey 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom 0 0 2 0 0 0 0...

  1. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 Taiwan 0 0 56 0 0 0 0 Thailand 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 11 0 0 0 0 Turkey 0 1 0 0 0 30 30 United Arab Emirates 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom 0 0 24 0 7 8 15...

  2. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 Taiwan 0 0 56 0 0 0 0 Thailand 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 11 0 0 0 0 Turkey 0 1 0 0 0 30 30 United Arab Emirates 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom 0 0 24 0 7 8 15...

  3. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 0 0 0 Taiwan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Thailand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Turkey 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom 0 0 4 0 0 0 0...

  4. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0 0 0 0 Taiwan 0 0 56 0 0 0 0 Thailand 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 Turkey 0 1 0 0 0 30 30 United Arab Emirates 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom 0 0 14 0 7 6 13...

  5. Vitamin and mineral requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Vitamin and mineral requirements in human nutrition Second edition Please go to the Table/WHO Expert Consultation on Human Vitamin and Mineral Requirements (1998 : Bangkok, Thailand). Vitamin, 21­30 September 1998. 1.Vitamins -- standards 2.Micronutrients -- standards 3.Trace elements

  6. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  7. ELMs and the Performance of Burning Plasma Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Institute of Tech., Pathumthani 12121, Thailand 3SAIC, San Diego, CA 92121, USA IEA Workshop on Burning Plasma Physics and Simulation 4-5 July 2005 #12;Predictive Modeling of Burning Plasmas IEA of burning plasma experiments using static and dynamic pedestal models IEA Workshop on Burning Plasma Physics

  8. Rare Earths and the Future of the U.S. Wind Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    Reserves in 2014 China 85% United States 7% India 3% Russia 2% Australia 2% Thailand 1% Vietnam market, driving U.S. mines out of business · In 2010, two major events · China cuts all exports of rare per kg · Chinese practices of export quotas and tariffs may have contributed to price spike · World

  9. Promoting responsible FM & timber trade in South East Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5 Import countries account for >55% from 04-07 Top 5 Export trade partners Account for >62% from 04-07 Malaysia U S Indonesia· ·Russia Thailand U S Japan China HK U K Korea #12;Theory of Change Land Manager

  10. Article Tools Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    compounds such as rubber Posted: Nov 7th, 2008 Home solar energy panels Posted: Nov 7th, 2008 Revolutionary-Tech cluster Posted: Nov 6th, 2008 Tiny solar cells power carbon nanotube sensor Posted: Nov 6th, 2008 Thailand clean energy Posted: Nov 10th, 2008 Flexible charge pump nanotechnology power generator Posted: Nov 9th

  11. Publications Mag. Sonja Kanzler 1.1 Scientific papers, Original papers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. (Hrsg.), Österreichischer Ernährungsbericht 2008, 289-295, ISBN: 978-3-901861-99-4 1.4 Reports 1 Fertiggerichten. Projektbericht für die Arbeiterkammer, Wien, 2008 1.5 Congress presentations (18% of them were Meals. International Congress of Nutrition, 04.-09.10.2009, Bangkok, Thailand Abstract: Congress

  12. The Benefits of Fish Meal in Aquaculture Diets1 R.D. Miles and F.A. Chapman2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    , color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political, especially fish and shrimp. Fishmeal carries large quantities of energy per unit weight and is an excellent principal fishmeal-producing countries are Chile, China, Thailand, U.S.A., Iceland, Norway, Denmark

  13. Curriculum Vitae Name Sameer Khandekar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Yogesh Moreshwar

    . Fields of interest Two-phase heat transfer, Heat Pipes and Thermosyphons, Energy systems. Academic); Heat Pipe Laboratory, University of Chiang Mai, Thailand, September 2006 (2 weeks); University Santa International Heat Pipe Committee, 2007. Member of the International Heat Pipe Committee since April 2007

  14. Couplings Between Changes in the Climate System and Biogeochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    : Kenneth L. Denman (Canada), Guy Brasseur (USA, Germany) Lead Authors: Amnat Chidthaisong (Thailand), Xiaoye Zhang (China) Contributing Authors: D. Archer (USA), V. Arora (Canada), J. Austin (USA), D. Baker), J. Christian (Canada), D.A. Clark (USA), M. Dameris (Germany), F. Dentener (EU), D. Easterling (USA

  15. Europe

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    7,900 Mongolia 3 - 3,400 Thailand 152 453 0 South Asia 396 5,802 12,900 8,211 26,913 India 361 5,476 3,800 Pakistan 23 248 9,100 Middle East and North Africa 10,986 867,463...

  16. Europe

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    124 1,115 Indonesia 3 108 46 Mongolia - - 4 Thailand 1 10 5 South Asia 4 86 201 183 470 India 2 44 96 Pakistan 1 24 105 Middle East and North Africa 26 3,117 1,003 1,651 5,772...

  17. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCES IN PLANT SCIENCES (ICAPS 2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCES IN PLANT SCIENCES (ICAPS 2012) Prepared by Anathi Magadlela Foundation, Bangalore, India, hosted an International Conference on Advances in Plant Sciences (ICAPS). The conference was held at the Empress Hotel, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Amongst the attendees were three CTHB members

  18. "SE Asia was rifted parts of the Early Paleozoic NW Australia Gondwana", GEOSEA'98 (Ninth Regional Congress on Geology, Mineral and Energy Resources of Sotheast Asia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (with Bunopas,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    Congress on Geology, Mineral and Energy Resources of Sotheast Asia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (with Bunopas, S Thailand and East Asia" GEOSEA '98 (Ninth Regional Congress on Geology, Mineral and Energy Resources Otago, New Zealand: equivocal evidence for terrane association" Geological Society of New Zealand & New

  19. 20th century seasonal moisture balance in Southeast Asian montane forests from tree cellulose 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stott, Lowell

    20th century seasonal moisture balance in Southeast Asian montane forests from tree cellulose 18 O composition (18 O) of sub- annual tree cellulose samples of Pinus kesiya growing at 1,500 m elevation on Doi Chiang Dao in northern Thailand. The cellulose 18 O values exhibit a distinctive annual cycle

  20. ELI Student Voices 1 ELI STUDENT VOICESVolume 10, Issue 2 Summer, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    of light pollution on firefly population here and in Thailand. I think not many people are concerned source of light pollution affecting the Thai firefly population. On the other hand, the incandescent bulb that the light will destroy fireflies. The stronger and brighter lights disturb the flashing behavior or sexual

  1. Annual Report 2004 1 Key events during 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svenningsson, Josef

    Johansson studying the separation of carbon dioxide in a reactor system for two-stage combustion. #12;1 Key for innovation systems and entrepreneurship A year of anniversaries ­ the University, the Foundation, Chalmers are among those hardest struck,but many holidaying Swedes,especially in Thailand,fall victim to the tsunami

  2. "Gondwana Dispersion and Asian Accretion (Metcalfe, I., Ren Jishun, Chalvet, J. & Hada, S. eds.)", A.A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam & Brookfield, pp.361, 1999.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    .)", A.A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam & Brookfield, pp.361, 1999. "Rift-drift history and Asian Accretion: 67-87. Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema Publ., 1999. "Catastrophic Loess, mass mortality". Journal of the Geological Society of Thailand, No.1, 1-17, 1999. "Asian accretion of Gondwanaland

  3. Rethinking the Physical Layer of Data Center Networks of the Next Decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    categories. Unicast is standard point-to- point transmission of traffic flows, such as Virtual Machine (VMRethinking the Physical Layer of Data Center Networks of the Next Decade: Using Optics to Enable Sambit Sahu Kunwadee Sripanidkulchai Rice University IBM T.J. Watson Research Center NECTEC Thailand

  4. Food, Glorious Food Mary-Slater Linn & Jeffrey Nystuen with Chef Chandra Longsaravane getting ready to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nystuen, Jeffrey A.

    35 Food, Glorious Food Mary-Slater Linn & Jeffrey Nystuen with Chef Chandra Longsaravane getting. How different would the food be from Thailand? Would there be unique flavors and products? Let's prowl the food markets, try the street stalls, verify the recommendations of the guidebook. We signed up

  5. The Mae Sot Education Project A Youth Volunteer Project to assist Burmese refugee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Mae Sot Education Project A Youth Volunteer Project to assist Burmese refugee and migrant) to relocate to towns and refugee camps in Thailand. The Mae Sot Education Project is a small project, based Border Consortium (TBBC) map of refugees living in camps in 2004. The number has not changed

  6. 2006 International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    © 2006 International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2006, including Inner Mongolia, Thailand, Cambodia, and Bangladesh (2-4). In all these regions, the main source suggests the presence of arsenic in ground- water in India and Bangladesh throughout the region defined

  7. List of Accepted Summer Interns (2013) May-June Batch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    .-K. Chou Narai**** Chin*** (THAILAND) Dr. George T.F. Wong MCB Sand*** Satap****(INDIA) Dr. Cheng** Sah** (INDIA) Dr. Yeng-Long Chen Sanch*** Bis*** (INDIA) Dr. Chia-Fu Chou Sach** Vi*** Mul** (INDIA**** (PHILIPPINES) Dr. Paul E. Verslues HEN** AKR*** DO** (GHANA) KA* SYUA* L** (MALAYSIA) Dr. Pei-Wen Hsiao Mu

  8. Effects of restrictive clothing on lumbar range of motion and trunk muscle activity in young adult worker manual material handling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    Kaen 40002, Thailand d Edwards P. Fitts Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, North to anthropometry). Each task was repeated three times and video recordings were used as a basis for measuring, 2012). Tight pants, specifically sizes smaller than fit to a wearer's anthropometry, may restrict hip

  9. I n f o r m a t i o n e n H a u s d r u c k e r e i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Matthias

    (Islas Malvinas) (adm. by UK, claimed by Argentina) Kuwait Canary Islands (Sp.) Sao Tome & Principe) Bang. Andaman Islands (India) Thailand Indonesia Malaysia Brunei Philippines Taiwan Cambodia Vietnam Laos Australia Papua New Guinea New Zealand Fiji New Caledonia Solomon Islands Kiribati Marshall

  10. IEA participating countries Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    , the electricity consumption in Thailand, the price of diesel oil in Spain and thousands of other useful energy France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland-encompassing annual studies of oil, natural gas, coal, electricity and renewables are indispensable tools for energy

  11. --No Title--

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    |46.|Indonesia|44|0%| |47.|Chile|43|0%| |48.|Thailand|39|0%| |49.|Austria|35|0%| |50.|Egypt|33|0%| ||Subtotal for rows 1-50|739,417|43.78%| ||Other|949,592|56.22%|...

  12. Rice Supply, Demand and Related Government Programs. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kincannon, John A.

    1957-01-01

    in the absence of marketing quotas. DOMESTIC AND WORLD TRADE Asia produces about 85 percent of the world supply of rice. The United States produces slightly less than 2 percent but ranks third as a rice exporting nation, exceeded only by Thailand and Burma...

  13. Essays on Efficiency Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asava-Vallobh, Norabajra

    2010-07-14

    in determining efficiency scores. This implies that one may not need access to panel data on individual scores to study school efficiency. My final essay applies a standard DEA model and the Malmquist productivity index to commercial banks in Thailand in order...

  14. Performance Test and Energy Saving Analysis of a Heat Pipe Dehumidifier 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, X.; Li, Q.; Yun, C.

    2006-01-01

    , Dehumidifier Heat Pipes for Rice Drying and Storage, 6th International Heat Pipe Symposium, 2000,Chiang Mai, Thailand [3] Xia Yu, Wen Wang, Ruzhu Wang. Applications of heat pipe in Air conditions)in Chinese). Heating Ventilation and Air Conditions,2004,34(5):26-30 ...

  15. Boundaries and guidelines for treatment as factors in the success of historic districts: comparative case studies in Galveston, Houston, and Bangkok 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Udomwech, Sagara

    2002-01-01

    case studies from the United States and one from Thailand were used to develop the understanding of the use of boundaries and design guidelines for historic districts. These three case studies are the Strand/Mechanic Historic area of Galveston, Texas...

  16. Diversity of Low Chill Peaches (Prunus persica) from Asia, Brazil, Europe and the USA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Natalie A.

    2011-08-08

    , Arithmetic Mean) method. A wide range of diversity was detected, from 0.33 coefficient of similarity amongst the Thai peaches to 0.97 between two Brazilian peaches. The most distant clusters were the low chill peaches from Thailand and Taiwan and the local...

  17. USING FACEBOOK AS A SUPPLEMENTARY TOOL FOR TEACHING AND Kanda Runapongsa Saikaew

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    USING FACEBOOK AS A SUPPLEMENTARY TOOL FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING Kanda Runapongsa Saikaew 1* , Wit, Thailand *Corresponding email address: krunapon@kku.ac.th ABSTRACT Facebook, a social media web application, is a part of million student lives. Students use Facebook for communicating with friends and playing games

  18. Using Facebook and Google Docs for Teaching and Sharing Information Kanda Runapongsa Saikaew1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    1 Using Facebook and Google Docs for Teaching and Sharing Information Kanda Runapongsa, Burapha University, Thailand #12;2 Using Facebook and Google Docs for Teaching and Sharing by doing and exploring. This paper presents the approach and the experience in using Facebook and Google

  19. Admission and Employment Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    , Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, Venezuela, Vietnam and business plan projects. They make lasting connections with faculty and other members of the Carroll School Corporation Dunkin' Brands, Inc. EMC Corporation Ernst & Young Evergreen Solar, Inc. ExxonMobil Corporation

  20. Columbus Peace Fellowship Impressions of the Fifth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasser, Michael

    on Investments, Le Monde Diplomatique, Ralph Nader, James Tobin,ATTAC - 1999-2000: protests in Seattle at WTO - Meetings: Brazil, Senegal, Spain,Thailand, US (Miami), India, Italy · Secretariat, Brazilian and Indian of imperialism, and are committed to building a planetary society directed towards fruitful relationships among

  1. Real-time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami Dailin Wang,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duputel, Zacharie

    Real-time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami Dailin Wang,1 Nathan C. Becker,1 David generated a tsunami that was recorded at sea-level stations as far as 4800 km from the epi- center, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Maldives issued tsunami warnings for their coastlines. The United States

  2. Preparation and Properties of Bio-based Polyurethane Made from Natural Rubber and Poly( -caprolactone)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of Doctor of Philosophy in Polymer Science and Technology Prince of Songkla University, Thailand and Poly( -caprolactone) Author Miss Wannarat Panwiriyarat Major Program Polymer Science and Technology of Doctor of Philosophy (Polymer Science and Technology) and the Doctor degree of Université du Maine

  3. (Short-term assays for detecting environmental mutagens, carcinogens, and teratogens): Foreign trip report, February 4--28, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Generoso, W.M.

    1989-03-08

    The traveler participated in the Second Southeast Asian Workshop on Short-term Assays for Detecting Environmental Mutagens, Carcinogens, and Teratogens, held in Bangkok and Chiang Mai, Thailand. He was a member of the International Advisory Committee of this Workshop, was a coordinator of the US delegation, and delivered two lectures. While in Bangkok, he participated in two round-table discussions on subjects of immediate significance to Thailand. He also traveled to The Philippines where he gave a lecture at the University of the Philippines in Quezon City. The contacts made by the traveler resulted in a US Environmental Protection Agency-initiated discussion of future funding for in vivo aneuploidy research at ORNL.

  4. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M.

    1997-04-01

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  5. Nuclear power programs in developing countries of the world: Southeast Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-05-01

    This article reviews the present and future status of the nuclear industry in the developing nations of China, North Korea, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Each of the countries has a booming export-driven economy, which is turn requires considerable new generating capacity. The nuclear option is being considered as a provider of much of this additional capacity. China is committed to an extensive nuclear power program, and Indonesia has an ambitious plan to have seven to twelve reactors in service by the year 2015. North Korea will receive two LWRs to replace its current non-power nuclear units. The nuclear option is still under discussion in the Philippines and in Thailand.

  6. A novel performance monitoring framework for health research systems: experiences of the National Institute for Health Research in England

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Turabi, Anas; Hallsworth, Michael; Ling, Tom; Grant, Jonathan

    2011-03-24

    research systems’, a term marshalled most prominently by the WHO Inter- national Workshop on National Health Research Sys- tems, held in Thailand in 2001. This workshop defined a national health research system as “a system for plan- ning, coordinating... through NIHR portal Corporate and risk reporting • Corporate business metrics not otherwise covered (currently being defined with DH) • Issues escalated for monitoring by NIHR Senior Management Team People • Number of Faculty members at each level...

  7. Common non-synonymous SNPs associated with breast cancer susceptibility: ?ndings from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milne, Roger L.; Burwinkel, Barbara; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Arias-Perez, Jose-Ignacio; Zamora, M. Pilar; Menéndez-Rodríguez, Primitiva; Hardisson, David; Mendiola, Marta; González-Neira, Anna; Pita, Guillermo; Alonso, M. Rosario; Dennis, Joe; Wang, Qin; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Swerdlow, Anthony; Ashworth, Alan; Orr, Nick; Schoemaker, Minouk; Ko, Yon-Dschun; Brauch, Hiltrud; Hamann, Ute; The GENICA Network; Andrulis, Irene L.; Knight, Julia A.; Glendon, Gord; Tchatchou, Sandrine; kConFab Investigators; Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group; Matsuo, Keitaro; Ito, Hidemi; Iwata, Hiroji; Tajima, Kazuo; Li, Jingmei; Brand, Judith S.; Brenner, Hermann; Dieffenbach, Aida Karina; Arndt, Volker; Stegmaier, Christa; Lambrechts, Diether; Peuteman, Gilian; Christiaens, Marie-Rose; Smeets, Ann; Jakubowska, Anna; Lubinski, Jan; Jaworska-Bieniek, Katarzyna; Durda, Katarzyna; Hartman, Mikael; Hui, Miao; Lim, Wei Yen; Chan, Ching Wan; Marme, Federick; Yang, Rongxi; Bugert, Peter; Lindblom, Annika; Margolin, Sara; García-Closas, Montserrat; Chanock, Stephen J.; Lissowska, Jolanta; Figueroa, Jonine D.; Bojesen, Stig E.; Nordestgaard, Børge G.; Flyger, Henrik; Hooning, Maartje J.; Kriege, Mieke; van den Ouweland, Ans M. W.; Koppert, Linetta B.; Fletcher, Olivia; Johnson, Nichola; dos-Santos-Silva, Isabel; Peto, Julian; Zheng, Wei; Deming-Halverson, Sandra; Shrubsole, Martha J.; Long, Jirong; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Rudolph, Anja; Seibold, Petra; Flesch-Janys, Dieter; Winqvist, Robert; Pylkäs, Katri; Jukkola-Vuorinen, Arja; Grip, Mervi; Cox, Angela; Cross, Simon S.; Reed, Malcolm W. R.; Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Broeks, Annegien; Cornelissen, Sten; Braaf, Linde; Kang, Daehee; Choi, Ji-Yeob; Park, Sue K.; Noh, Dong-Young; Simard, Jacques; Dumont, Martine; Goldberg, Mark S.; Labrèche, France; Fasching, Peter A.; Hein, Alexander; Ekici, Arif B.; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Radice, Paolo; Peterlongo, Paolo; Azzollini, Jacopo; Barile, Monica; Sawyer, Elinor; Tomlinson, Ian; Kerin, Michael; Miller, Nicola; Hopper, John L.; Schmidt, Daniel F.; Makalic, Enes; Southey, Melissa C.; Teo, Soo Hwang; Yip, Cheng Har; Sivanandan, Kavitta; Tay, Wan-Ting; Shen, Chen-Yang; Hsiung, Chia-Ni; Yu, Jyh-Cherng; Hou, Ming-Feng; Guénel, Pascal; Truong, Therese; Sanchez, Marie; Mulot, Claire; Blot, William; Cai, Qiuyin; Nevanlinna, Heli; Muranen, Taru A.; Aittomäki, Kristiina; Blomqvist, Carl; Wu, Anna H.; Tseng, Chiu-Chen; Van Den Berg, David; Stram, Daniel O.; Bogdanova, Natalia; Dörk, Thilo; Muir, Kenneth; Lophatananon, Artitaya; Stewart-Brown, Sarah; Siriwanarangsan, Pornthep; Mannermaa, Arto; Kataja, Vesa; Kosma, Veli-Matti; Hartikainen, Jaana M.; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Lu, Wei; Yu-Tang, Gao; Zhang, Ben; Couch, Fergus J.; Toland, Amanda E.; TNBCC; Yannoukakos, Drakoulis; Sangrajrang, Suleeporn; McKay, James; Wang, Xianshu; Olson, Janet E.; Vachon, Celine; Purrington, Kristen; Severi, Gianluca; Baglietto, Laura; Haiman, Christopher A.; Henderson, Brian E.; Schumacher, Fredrick; Marchand, Loic Le; Devilee, Peter; Tollenaar, Robert A. E. M.; Seynaeve, Caroline; Czene, Kamila; Eriksson, Mikael; Humphreys, Keith; Darabi, Hatef; Ahmed, Shahana; Shah, Mitul; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Hall, Per; Giles, Graham G.; Benítez, Javier; Dunning, Alison M.; Chenevix-Trench, Georgia; Easton, Douglas F.

    2014-07-04

    of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 108Department of Radiation Oncology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany, 109Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK, 110DivisionofHealthSciences,WarwickMedical School,Coventry,UK, 111... Ministry ofPublicHealth,Thailand, 112School of Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Pathology and Forensic Medicine, 113Biocenter Kuopio, 114School of Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Oncology, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland...

  8. Evidence that breast cancer risk at the 2q35 locus is mediated through IGFBP5 regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghoussaini, Maya; Edwards, Stacey L.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Nord, Silje; Cowper-Sal•lari, Richard; Desai, Kinjal; Kar, Siddhartha; Hillman, Kristine M.; Kaufmann, Susanne; Glubb, Dylan M.; Beesley, Jonathan; Dennis, Joe; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin; Dicks, Ed; Guo, Qi; Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Shah, Mitul; Luben, Robert; Brown, Judith; Czene, Kamila; Darabi, Hatef; Eriksson, Mikael; Daniel, Klevebring; Bojesen, Stig E.; Nordestgaard, Børge G.; Nielsen, Sune F.; Flyger, Henrik; Lambrechts, Diether; Thienpont, Bernard; Neven, Patrick; Wildiers, Hans; Broeks, Annegien; Van’t Veer, Laura J.; Rutgers, Emiel J. Th.; Couch, Fergus J.; Olson, Janet E.; Hallberg, Emily; Vachon, Celine; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Rudolph, Anja; Seibold, Petra; Flesch-Janys, Dieter; Peto, Julian; dos-Santos-Silva, Isabel; Gibson, Lorna; Nevanlinna, Heli; Muranen, Taru A.; Aittomäki, Kristiina; Blomqvist, Carl; Hall, Per; Li, Jingmei; Liu, Jianjun; Humphreys, Keith; Kang, Daehee; Choi, Ji-Yeob; Park, Sue K.; Noh, Dong-Young; Matsuo, Keitaro; Ito, Hidemi; Iwata, Hiroji; Yatabe, Yasushi; Guénel, Pascal; Truong, Thérèse; Menegaux, Florence; Sanchez, Marie; Burwinkel, Barbara; Marme, Frederik; Schneeweiss, Andreas; Sohn, Christof; Wu, Anna H.; Tseng, Chiu-chen; Van Den Berg, David; Stram, Daniel O.; Benitez, Javier; Zamora, M. Pilar; Arias Perez, Jose Ignacio; Menéndez, Primitiva; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Lu, Wei; Gao, Yu-Tang; Cai, Qiuyin; Cox, Angela; Cross, Simon S.; Reed, Malcolm W. R.; Andrulis, Irene L.; Knight, Julia A.; Glendon, Gord; Tchatchou, Sandrine; Sawyer, Elinor J.; Tomlinson, Ian; Kerin, Michael J.; Miller, Nicola; Australian Ovarian Cancer Management Group; Haiman, Christopher A.; Henderson, Brian E.; Schumacher, Fredrick; Le Marchand, Loic; Lindblom, Annika; Margolin, Sara; Teo, Soo Hwang; Yip, Cheng Har; Lee, Daphne S. C.; Wong, Tien Y.; Hooning, Maartje J.; Martens, John W. M.; Collée, J. Margriet; van Deurzen, Carolien H. M.; Hopper, John L.; Southey, Melissa C.; Tsimiklis, Helen; Kapuscinski, Miroslav K.; Shen, Chen-Yang; Wu, Pei-Ei; Yu, Jyh-Cherng; Chen, Shou-Tung; Grenaker Alnæs, Grethe; Borresen-Dale, Anne-Lise; Giles, Graham G.; Milne, Roger L.; McLean, Catriona; Muir, Kenneth; Lophatananon, Artitaya; Stewart-Brown, Sarah; Siriwanarangsan, Pornthep; Hartman, Mikael; Miao, Hui; Syed Buhari, Shaik Ahmad Bin; Teo, Yik Ying; Fasching, Peter A.; Haeberle, Lothar; Ekici, Arif B.; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Brenner, Hermann; Dieffenbach, Aida Karina; Arndt, Volker; Stegmaier, Christa; Swerdlow, Anthony; Ashworth, Alan; Orr, Nick; Schoemaker, Minouk J.; García-Closas, Montserrat; Figueroa, Jonine; Chanock, Stephen J.; Lissowska, Jolanta; Simard, Jacques; Goldberg, Mark S.; Labrèche, France; Dumont, Martine; Winqvist, Robert; Pylkäs, Katri; Jukkola-Vuorinen, Arja; Brauch, Hiltrud; Brüning, Thomas; Koto, Yon-Dschun; Radice, Paolo; Peterlongo, Paolo; Bonanni, Bernardo; Volorio, Sara; Dörk, Thilo; Bogdanova, Natalia V.; Helbig, Sonja; Mannermaa, Arto; Kataja, Vesa; Kosma, Veli-Matti; Hartikainen, Jaana M.; Devilee, Peter; Tollenaar, Robert A. E. M.; Seynaeve, Caroline; Van Asperen, Christi J.; Jakubowska, Anna; Lubinski, Jan; Jaworska-Bieniek, Katarzyna; Durda, Katarzyna; Slager, Susan; Toland, Amanda E.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; Yannoukakos, Drakoulis; Sangrajrang, Suleeporn; Gaborieau, Valerie; Brennan, Paul; McKay, James; Hamann, Ute; Torres, Diana; Zheng, Wei; Long, Jirong; Anton-Culver, Hoda; Neuhausen, Susan L.; Luccarini, Craig; Baynes, Caroline; Ahmed, Shahana; Maranian, Mel; Healey, Catherine S.; González-Neira, Anna; Pita, Guillermo; Alonso, M. Rosario; Álvarez, Nuria; Herrero, Daniel; Tessier, Daniel C.; Vincent, Daniel; Bacot, Francois; de Santiago, Ines; Carroll, Jason; Caldas, Carlos; Brown, Melissa A.; Lupien, Mathieu; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Chenevix-Trench, Georgia; French, Juliet D.; Easton, Douglas F.; Dunning, Alison M.

    2014-09-23

    school, Warwick University, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK. 84. Institute of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. 85. Ministry of Public Health, Bangkok 10400, Thailand. 86. Department of Surgery, Yong Loo Lin School... Hannover, Germany. 118. Department of Radiation Oncology, Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany. 119. Cancer Center of Eastern Finland, University of Eastern Finland, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland. 120. Imaging Center, Department of Clinical...

  9. Identification and characterisation of novel associations in the CASP8/ALS2CR12 region on chromosome 2 with breast cancer risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Wei-Yu; Camp, Nicola J.; Ghoussaini, Maya; Beesley, Jonathan; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Hopper, John L.; Apicella, Carmel; Stone, Jennifer; Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Broeks, Annegien; Van't Veer, Laura J.; Rutgers, Emiel J. Th.; Muir, Kenneth; Lophatananon, Artitaya; Stewart-Brown, Sarah; Siriwanarangsan, Pornthep; Fasching, Peter A.; Haeberle, Lothar; Ekici, Arif B.; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Peto, Julian; dos-Santos-Silva, Isabel; Fletcher, Olivia; Johnson, Nichola; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin; Dennis, Joe; Sawyer, Elinor J.; Cheng, Timothy; Tomlinson, Ian; Kerin, Michael J.; Miller, Nicola; Marmé, Frederik; Surowy, Harald M.; Burwinkel, Barbara; Guénel, Pascal; Truong, Thérèse; Menegaux, Florence; Mulot, Claire; Bojesen, Stig E.; Nordestgaard, Børge G.; Nielsen, Sune F.; Flyger, Henrik; Benitez, Javier; Zamora, M. Pilar; Perez, Jose Ignacio Arias; Menéndez, Primitiva; González-Neira, Anna; Pita, Guillermo; Alonso, M. Rosario; Álvarez, Nuria; Herrero, Daniel; Anton-Culver, Hoda; Brenner, Hermann; Dieffenbach, Aida Karina; Arndt, Volker; Stegmaier, Christa; Meindl, Alfons; Lichtner, Peter; Schmutzler, Rita K.; Müller-Myhsok, Bertram; Brauch, Hiltrud; Brüning, Thomas; Ko, Yon-Dschun; The GENICA Network; Tessier, Daniel C.; Vincent, Daniel; Bacot, Francois; Nevanlinna, Heli; Aittomäki, Kristiina; Blomqvist, Carl; Khan, Sofia; Matsuo, Keitaro; Ito, Hidemi; Iwata, Hiroji; Horio, Akiyo; Bogdanova, Natalia V.; Antonenkova, Natalia N.; Dörk, Thilo; Lindblom, Annika; Margolin, Sara; Mannermaa, Arto; Kataja, Vesa; Kosma, Veli-Matti; Hartikainen, Jaana M.; kConFab Investigators; Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group; Wu, Anna H.; Tseng, Chiu-chen; Van Den Berg, David; Stram, Daniel O.; Neven, Patrick; Wauters, Els; Wildiers, Hans; Lambrechts, Diether; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Rudolph, Anja; Seibold, Petra; Flesch-Janys, Dieter; Radice, Paolo; Peterlongo, Paolo; Manoukian, Siranoush; Bonanni, Bernardo; Couch, Fergus J.; Wang, Xianshu; Vachon, Celine; Purrington, Kristen; Giles, Graham G.; Milne, Roger; McLean, Catriona; Haiman, Christopher A.; Henderson, Brian E.; Schumacher, Fredrick; Le Marchand, Loic; Simard, Jacques; Goldberg, Mark S.; Labrèche, France; Dumont, Martine; Teo, Soo Hwang; Yip, Cheng Har; Hassan, Norhashimah; Vithana, Eranga Nishanthie; Kristensen, Vessela; Zheng, Wei; Deming-Halverson, Sandra; Shrubsole, Martha; Long, Jirong; Winqvist, Robert; Pylkäs, Katri; Jukkola-Vuorinen, Arja; Kauppila, Saila; Andrulis, Irene L.; Knight, Julia A.; Glendon, Gord; Tchatchou, Sandrine; Devilee, Peter; Tollenaar, Robert A. E. M.; Seynaeve, Caroline; Van Asperen, Christi J.; García-Closas, Montserrat; Figueroa, Jonine; Lissowska, Jolanta; Brinton, Louise; Czene, Kamila; Darabi, Hatef; Eriksson, Mikael; Brand, Judith S.; Hooning, Maartje J.; Hollestelle, Antoinette; van den Ouweland, Ans M. W.; Jager, Agnes; Li, Jingmei; Liu, Jianjun; Humphreys, Keith; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Lu, Wei; Gao, Yu-Tang; Cai, Hui; Cross, Simon S.; Reed, Malcolm W. R.; Blot, William; Signorello, Lisa B.; Cai, Qiuyin; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Perkins, Barbara; Shah, Mitul; Blows, Fiona M.; Kang, Daehee; Yoo, Keun-Young; Noh, Dong-Young; Hartman, Mikael; Miao, Hui; Chia, Kee Seng; Putti, Thomas Choudary; Hamann, Ute; Luccarini, Craig; Baynes, Caroline; Ahmed, Shahana; Maranian, Mel; Healey, Catherine S.; Jakubowska, Anna; Lubinski, Jan; Jaworska-Bieniek, Katarzyna; Durda, Katarzyna; Sangrajrang, Suleeporn; Gaborieau, Valerie; Brennan, Paul; McKay, James; Slager, Susan; Toland, Amanda E.; Yannoukakos, Drakoulis; Shen, Chen-Yang; Hsiung, Chia-Ni; Wu, Pei-Ei; Ding, Shian-ling; Ashworth, Alan; Jones, Michael; Orr, Nick; Swerdlow, Anthony J.; Tsimiklis, Helen; Makalic, Enes; Schmidt, Daniel F.; Bui, Quang M.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Hunter, David J.; Hein, Rebecca; Dahmen, Norbert; Beckmann, Lars; Aaltonen, Kirsimari; Muranen, Taru A.; Heikkinen, Tuomas; Irwanto, Astrid; Rahman, Nazneen; Turnbull, Clare; The Breast and Ovarian Cancer Susceptibility Study; Waisfisz, Quinten; Meijers-Heijboer, Hanne E. J.; Adank, Muriel A.; van der Luijt, Rob B.; Hall, Per; Chenevix-Trench, Georgia; Dunning, Alison M.; Easton, Douglas F.; Cox, Angela

    2014-08-28

    University, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK, 11Institute 69 of Population Health, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9QQ, UK, 12Ministry of 70 Public Health, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand, 13University Breast Center Franconia, 71 Department of Gynecology... of Radiation Oncology, 134 Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany, 61N.N. Alexandrov Research Institute 135 of Oncology and Medical Radiology, 223040 Minsk, Belarus, 62Department of Molecular 136 Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77...

  10. Exploring Hidden Genetic Divergence Within Sunda Colugos by Means of Novel DNA Capture Methods and Next Generation Sequencing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason, Victor C

    2012-07-11

    Colugos are distributed throughout Southeast Asia and spread across many islands, including Borneo, Sumatra, Java and the Philippines, which make up the geographical region known as Sundaland. This situation happens to be very similar... or ecological research performed on colugos. Recent genetic research based on a limited number of isolated populations (Java, Borneo, Singapore and southern Thailand) suggests deep genetic divergences that are equivalent to species level differences (Janecka...

  11. WORLD FISHERIES WORLD IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF SEVEN FISHERY COMMODITY GROUPS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WORLD FISHERIES WORLD IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF SEVEN FISHERY COMMODITY GROUPS, BY LEADING COUNTRIES,452,831 5,199,449 Total............. 39,587,088 43,489,444 45,241,463 44,628,429 51,548,000 EXPORTS Thailand,264,615 Russia................ - - 826,299 1,471,446 1,191,192 United Kingdom........ 961,982 1,121,885 1

  12. WORLD FISHERIES WORLD IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF SEVEN FISHERY COMMODITY GROUPS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WORLD FISHERIES WORLD IMPORTS AND EXPORTS OF SEVEN FISHERY COMMODITY GROUPS, BY LEADING COUNTRIES,391,889 6,034,407 Total............. 43,489,444 45,254,671 44,570,312 51,063,519 55,840,131 EXPORTS Thailand,124,679 1,303,974 1,704,260 Indonesia............. 1,186,062 1,178,552 1,419,492 1,583,416 1,666,752 Russia

  13. Supplement 24, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Arthropoda and Miscellaneous Phyla 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Kirby, Margie D.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Zidar, Judith A.

    1982-01-01

    , 1897, H. dentipalpis Warburton ? Nuttall, 1909) (Burma, Viverra t_. tangalunga; Pahang, Negri Sembilan, North Borneo, Felis bengalensis tingia; Pahang, F. pardus fusca; Negri Sembilan, Paradoxurus hermaphroditus philippinensis; North Borneo...-99 (Dorcopsis sp. ; Merauke (Dutch New Guinea) ) Zwart, D., (1959C), 812-831 (wallaby; Dutch New Guinea) Haemaphysalis bandicota Hoogstraal, H. & Kohls, G, ?. , (1965A), 460-466 (Bandicota spp. ; Taiwan, Thailand and Burma) Haemaphysalis bartelsi Schulze...

  14. Issue Specific Explanations of China-ASEAN Relationship: Applying the Realist and Constructivist Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wei-hsieh

    2010-12-29

    islands in South China Sea are a collection of coral reefs, atolls and sand bars covering seventy thousand square miles, whose sovereignty is partly or wholly claimed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and the Philippines (Dosch 2008... Afloat Readiness and Training (CARAT) was an anti-terror program that included six ASEAN countries: Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Brunei. Indeed, the U.S. holds annual CARAT joint exercises with the six countries...

  15. International monetary flows of non-declared origin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madsen, Frank G

    2009-11-17

    are acknowledged and, although the phenomenon "is excluded from the social sciences because the underlying data are perceived to be based on sensationalism”, the phenomenon is a fundamental dimension of contemporary societies and must be based on available evidence... elaboration of a chapter of the same title published in 2007 in the Oxford Handbook on the United Nations Statement of Length The dissertation does not exceed the word limit of 80,000 words Fieldwork Thailand (money laundering); Indonesia...

  16. A method for estimating direct normal solar irradiation from satellite data for a tropical environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janjai, Serm

    2010-09-15

    In order to investigate a potential use of concentrating solar power technologies and select an optimum site for these technologies, it is necessary to obtain information on the geographical distribution of direct normal solar irradiation over an area of interest. In this work, we have developed a method for estimating direct normal irradiation from satellite data for a tropical environment. The method starts with the estimation of global irradiation on a horizontal surface from MTSAT-1R satellite data and other ground-based ancillary data. Then a satellite-based diffuse fraction model was developed and used to estimate the diffuse component of the satellite-derived global irradiation. Based on this estimated global and diffuse irradiation and the solar radiation incident angle, the direct normal irradiation was finally calculated. To evaluate its performance, the method was used to estimate the monthly average hourly direct normal irradiation at seven pyrheliometer stations in Thailand. It was found that values of monthly average hourly direct normal irradiation from the measurements and those estimated from the proposed method are in reasonable agreement, with a root mean square difference of 16% and a mean bias of -1.6%, with respect to mean measured values. After the validation, this method was used to estimate the monthly average hourly direct normal irradiation over Thailand by using MTSAT-1R satellite data for the period from June 2005 to December 2008. Results from the calculation were displayed as hourly and yearly irradiation maps. These maps reveal that the direct normal irradiation in Thailand was strongly affected by the tropical monsoons and local topography of the country. (author)

  17. Efficiency, equity and the environment: Institutional challenges in the restructuring of the electric power industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haeri, M.H.

    1998-07-01

    In the electric power industry, fundamental changes are underway in Europe, America, Australia, New Zealand and, more recently, in Asia. Rooted in increased deregulation and competition, these changes are likely to radically alter the structure of the industry. Liberalization of electric power markets in the United Kingdom is, for the most part, complete. The generation market in the United States began opening to competition following the 1987 Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA). The Energy Policy Act of 1992 set the stage for a much more dramatic change in the industry. The most far-reaching provision of the Act was its electricity title, which opened access to the electric transmission grid. With legal barriers now removed, the traditionally sheltered US electric utility market is becoming increasingly open to entry and competition. A number of important legislative, regulatory and governmental policy initiatives are underway in the Philippines that will have a profound effect on the electric power industry. In Thailand, the National Energy Planning Organization (NEPO) has undertaken a thorough investigation of industry restructuring. This paper summarizes recent international developments in the deregulation and liberalization of electricity markets in the U.K., U.S., Australia, and New Zealand. It focuses on the relevance of these experiences to development underway in the Philippines and Thailand, and presents alternative possible structures likely to emerge in these countries, drawing heavily on the authors' recent experiences in Thailand and the Philippines. The impact of these changes on the business environment for power generation and marketing will be discussed in detail, as will the opportunities these changes create for investment among private power producers.

  18. Bayesian Hierarchical, Semiparametric, and Nonparametric Methods for International New Product Di ffusion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Brian Matthew

    2011-10-21

    .87 Singapore 0.07 0.22 Denmark 0.08 0.33 South Korea 0.75 1.91 Finland 0.08 0.3 Spain 0.67 2.05 France 0.94 3.5 Sweden 0.14 0.53 Germany 1.28 4.44 Switzerland 0.12 0.52 Greece 0.17 0.46 Thailand 0.99 0.98 Hong Kong 0.11 0.43 United Kingdom 0.93 3...

  19. (Environmental toxicology)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Travis, C.C.

    1988-11-28

    The traveler attended an International Seminar on Environmental Toxicology sponsored by Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn of Thailand. The objective of the seminar was to provide technical knowledge in the area of environmental toxicology to participants from developing countries in Asia. Priorities identified at the workshop which would aid in the application of environmental toxicology principles in developing countries were: a data base on toxicological properties of chemicals, increased research support in all aspects of science and technology in developing countries, increased public awareness and participation in the risk management process, and an increased number of training courses held in third world countries to facilitate exchange of experience and techniques.

  20. The Historical and Symbolical Origin of the Chorten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govinda, Lama Anagarika

    1970-11-20

    character of Buddhism which is open to all the four quarters of the universe and invites all mankind with the call "Come and see I" , and which exhorts its followers to open their hearts to all that lives, while radiating love, compassion, sy mpathetk... or the Chorten, or its various eguivalcnts, like the dagobas (dhatu-garbha) of Ceylon or the pagodas (a reversal of the word dagoba) in Burma, Thailand and Indo­ China. 8 The cakra itsdf is a sun symbol. It was one of the attributes of the sun-god, either...

  1. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 7 Number 3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1970-11-20

    , while radiating love, compassion, sy mpathetk joy and equanjmity towards the whole world. The inner space between the stone railing and the stupa, as well as the circular terrace (medhi) at the base of the cupola were used as pradaksfna patha... , and by the cone-shaped Tree of Enlightenment which forms the spire of the stupa or the Chorten, or its various eguivalcnts, like the dagobas (dhatu-garbha) of Ceylon or the pagodas (a reversal of the word dagoba) in Burma, Thailand and Indo­ China. 8...

  2. Energy conservation in typical Asian countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M.; Rumsey, P.

    1997-06-01

    Various policies and programs have been created to promote energy conservation in Asia. Energy conservation centers, energy conservation standards and labeling, commercial building codes, industrial energy use regulations, and utility demand-side management (DSM) are but a few of them. This article attempts to analyze the roles of these different policies and programs in seven typical Asian countries: China, Indonesia, Japan, Pakistan, South Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand. The conclusions show that the two most important features behind the success policies and programs are (1) government policy support and (2) long-run self-sustainability of financial support to the programs.

  3. Asian success stories in promoting energy efficiency in industry and building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Ming

    1996-12-31

    This article describes the program of the International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC), which has offices in Washington, Bangkok, Santiago, and London, in addition to staff in a number of other countries. The mission of this private organization is to promote the efficient use of energy as a tool for sustainable development by supporting the development of policies, technologies, and practices. Its focus is on energy efficiency, transportation systems, and renewable energy sources. Examples of specific program activities in Thailand, China, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore are discussed.

  4. Oilfields of the World. Third edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiratsoo, E.N.

    1985-01-01

    This third edition (updated to 1984) covers all of the world's major producing areas (both onshore and offshore) on six continents. It offers essential geologic, reserves, and production data on 13 nations that have become commercial oil producers in the last five years: Benin, Cameroon, Congo Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Zaire, Greece, The Phillippines, Sharjah, Thailand, Guatemala, and Surinam. Numerous maps display the geologic details of each area. This book also contains full-color maps of the oil and gas fields of the North Sea, Persian Gulf, Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil.

  5. How to create a financial crisis by trying to avoid one: the Brazilian 1999-financial collapse as "Macho-Monetarianism" can't handle "Bubble They Neighbour" levels of inflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palma, José Gabriel

    2012-01-28

    accelerated initially at such speed, the balance of payments deteriorated rapidly. Furthermore, soon afterwards the ‘Tequila effect’, which followed the Mexican crisis of December 1994, began to bite and the Central Bank panicked — an attitude that would... true of Argentina before its first crisis (the ‘Tequila’ one), when its economy grew at 5.8 % (1994). And in East Asia, Korea did so at 7% (1996), Malaysia at 10% and Thailand at 5.9%. In all these countries output fell massively only after...

  6. Newsfront 17-23 September 2007, Issue 34

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    have any questions, you ask them.” Koirala’s demands from Menon varied from exploring Man Mohan Singh’s visit before the election to smooth supply of petrol. Menon is believed to have given positive response to the demand for petroleum. Menon described... the region for an in- depth work on post-Tsunami issues affecting the communi- ties. This is the first fellowship of the kind. An AMF release said the four journalists will work in Tsunami affected communities in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and Thailand...

  7. Institutions and the Volatility Curse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leong, Weishu; Mohaddes, Kamiar

    2011-07-10

    and 12 can be found in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Our sample also includes 32 out of the 34 OECD countries and 8 out of the 12 of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Thus our sample is very comprehensive... -Bissau Netherlands Tanzania Cameroon Guyana New Zealand Thailand Canada Haiti Nicaragua Togo Central African Rep. Honduras Niger Trinidad and Tobago Chad Hungary Nigeria Tunisia Chile India Norway Turkey China, People?s Rep. of Indonesia Oman Uganda Colombia Iran, I...

  8. Pacific rim lures explorationists

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nation, L.

    1991-09-01

    The Pacific Rim has been far and away the most attractive hunting ground for explorationists in the past year. Observers point to political initiatives coupled with a growing demand as igniting the region's numerous hydrocarbon possibilities. This paper describes some of the new incentives and the resultant exploration results and developments in China, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Vietnam. A major sign of the region's political maturity is the willingness for the countries involved to solve the longstanding disputes over the claims in hydrocarbon-prone South China Sea.

  9. Emissions mitigation of blended coals through systems optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Labbe [IOM Invensys Operations Management (United States)

    2009-10-15

    For coal fired power stations, such as those located in the US, that have installed NOx and SOx emissions abatement equipment substantial carbon dioxide reduction could be achieved by shifting from pure PRB coal to blended coals with local bituminous coal. Don Labbe explains how. The article is based on a presentation at Power-Gen Asia 2009, which takes place 7-9 October in Bangkok, Thailand and an ISA POWID 2009 paper (19th Annual Joint ISA POWID/EPRI Controlls and Instrumentation Conference, Chicago, Illinois, May 2009). 4 refs., 3 figs.

  10. Reynolds number dependence of the coherent structure in an axisymmetric water jet 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tonanont, Anake

    1985-01-01

    No. 81-1960, 1981. Morrison, G. L. and Whitaker, K. W. , MMach Number Dependence of the Coherent Structure in High Speed Subsonic Jets", AIAA Paper No. 82-49, 1982. 12 McLaughlin, D. K. , Li1 ley, D. G. , "Research on the Noise Produced by Large... University, Munich, west Germany, N. S. (Applied Math. ), Nahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Gerald L. Norrison This thesis was an experimental investigation of the coherent structure in an axisymmetric water jet...

  11. Economic Impacts of Changes in United States Rice Price Variability on Market Efficiency, Marketing Margin and Producer Viability. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, W.R.; Richardson, J.W.; Brorsen, B.W.; Rister, M.E

    1984-01-01

    Station , Texas (Blank P~le fa 0rigiIlat BuDetiDJ "/ ' k ? Econolllic Illlpacts of Changes in United States Rice Price Variability on Market Efficiency, Marketing Margin, and Producer Viability W. R. GRANT, agricultural economist National... recorded. The sharp rise in prices triggered a suspension of domestic marketing quotas for P R I C E DOL/CWT 32.5 - 30.0 - 27.5 25.0 - 22.5 - 20.0 - 17.5 - 15.0 - 12.5 - 10.0 - 7.5 - Texas Mill Thailand Mill , , , , , , the 1974...

  12. Floodplain River Foodwebs in the Lower Mekong Basin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ou, Chouly

    2013-11-15

    Asia: China (Tibet), Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam (the Mekong delta). The Mekong River Basin is divided into two main sections: the Upper Mekong, which spans from Jifu Mountains of Tibet Autonomous prefecture of China to the border... of Burma and Laos, and the Lower Mekong, which covers the area from the Burma-Laos border to the Mekong Delta in Vietnam. The Mekong River plays a crucial role in the economy of many of these countries. China benefits from the river primarily through...

  13. Memories of Our Lost Hands: Searching for Feminine Spirituality and Creativity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toyoda, Sonoko

    2006-01-01

    , G. D.j and Kuntz, R. E., 1969 ? all from Far East Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Liukuei and Tzepeng, Taiwan Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Thailand: Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi; Thapput, Phang- nga; Trang; Ubon; Laos: Ban...; Trang; Ubon; Laos: Ban- tion; India: Khasia Hills, Assam; Garo Hills, Assam; Malaysia: Malacca Accipiter trivirgatus lay- ardi Degeeriella storeri n. sp. Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Walgama, Ceylon Accipiter trivirgatus pala- Elbel, R...

  14. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, SalesMorocco IndependentSouthSouthThailand

  15. International trade and waste and fuel management issue, 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2009-01-15

    The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Innovative financing and workforce planning, by Donna Jacobs, Entergy Nuclear; Nuclear power - a long-term need, by John C. Devine, Gerald Goldsmith and Michael DeLallo, WorleyParsons; Importance of loan guarantee program, by Donald Hintz; EPC contracts for new plants, by Dave Barry, Shaw Power Group; GNEP and fuel recycling, by Alan Hanson, AREVA NC Inc.; Safe and reliable reactor, by Kiyoshi Yamauchi, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.; Safe, small and simple reactors, by Yoshi Sakashita, Toshiba Corporation; Nuclear power in Thailand, by Tatchai Sumitra, Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology; and, Nuclear power in Vietnam, by Tran Huu Phat, Vietnam Atomic Energy Commission. The Industry Innovation article this issue is Rectifying axial-offset-anomaly problems, by Don Adams, Tennessee Valley Authority. The Plant Profile article is Star of Stars Excellence, by Tyler Lamberts, Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc.

  16. Final Report. SFAA No. DEFC02-98CH10961. Technical assistance for joint implementation and other supporting mechanisms and measures for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Denise

    2001-10-15

    IIEC, a division of CERF, has developed an extensive base of experience implementing activities that support climate action by developing USIJI projects in transitional countries within Asia, Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe, and southern Africa. IIEC has been able to provide a range of technical and policy assistance to governments and industry in support of sustainable energy use. IIEC continues to work in key countries with local partners to develop and implement energy efficiency policies and standards, develop site-specific projects, and assist governing bodies to establish national priorities and evaluation criteria for approving GHG-mitigation projects. As part of this project, IIEC focused on promoting a series of activities in Thailand and South Africa in order to identify GHG mitigation projects and work within the national approval process of those countries. The sections of this report outline the activities conducted in each country in order to achieve that goal.

  17. International Experience in Standards and Labeling Programs for Rice Cookers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Zheng, Nina

    2008-05-01

    China has had an active program on energy efficiency standards for household appliances since the mid-1990s. Rice cooker is among the first to be subject to such mandatory regulation, since it is one of the most prevalent electric appliances in Chinese households. Since first introduced in 1989, the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers has not been revised. Therefore, the potential for energy saving is considerable. Initial analysis from CNIS indicates that potential carbon savings is likely to reach 7.6 million tons of CO2 by the 10th year of the standard implementation. Since September 2007, CNIS has been working with various groups to develop the new standard for rice cookers. With The Energy Foundation's support, LBNL has assisted CNIS in the revision of the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers that is expected to be effective in 2009. Specifically, work has been in the following areas: assistance in developing consumer survey on usage pattern of rice cookers, review of international standards, review of international test procedures, comparison of the international standards and test procedures, and assessment of technical options of reducing energy use. This report particularly summarizes the findings of reviewing international standards and technical options of reducing energy consumption. The report consists of an overview of rice cooker standards and labeling programs and testing procedures in Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Thailand, and Japan's case study in developing energy efficiency rice cooker technologies and rice cooker efficiency programs. The results from the analysis can be summarized as the follows: Hong Kong has a Voluntary Energy Efficiency Labeling scheme for electric rice cookers initiated in 2001, with revision implemented in 2007; South Korea has both MEPS and Mandatory Energy Efficiency Label targeting the same category of rice cookers as Hong Kong; Thailand's voluntary endorsement labeling program is similar to Hong Kong in program design but has 5 efficiency grades; Japan's program is distinct in its adoption of the 'Top Runner' approach, in which, the future efficiency standards is set based on the efficiency levels of the most efficient product in the current domestic market. Although the standards are voluntary, penalties can still be evoked if the average efficiency target is not met. Both Hong Kong and South Korea's tests involve pouring water into the inner pot equal to 80% of its rated volume; however, white rice is used as a load for its tests in Hong Kong whereas no rice is used for tests in South Korea. In Japan's case, water level specified by the manufactures is used and milled rice is used as a load only partially in the tests. Moreover, Japan does not conduct heat efficiency test but its energy consumption measurements tests are much more complex, with 4 different tests are conducted to determine the annual average energy consumption. Hong Kong and Thailand both set Minimum Allowable Heat Efficiency for different rated wattages. The energy efficiency requirements are identical except that the minimum heat efficiency in Thailand is 1 percentage point higher for all rated power categories. In South Korea, MEPS and label's energy efficiency grades are determined by the rice cooker's Rated Energy Efficiency for induction, non-induction, pressure, nonpressure rice cookers. Japan's target standard values are set for electromagnetic induction heating products and non-electromagnetic induction heating products by different size of rice cookers. Specific formulas are used by type and size depending on the mass of water evaporation of the rice cookers. Japan has been the leading country in technology development of various types of rice cookers, and developed concrete energy efficiency standards for rice cookers. However, as consumers in Japan emphasize the deliciousness of cooked rice over other factors, many types of models were developed to improve the taste of cooked rice. Nonetheless, the efficiency of electromagnetic induction heating (IH) rice cook

  18. Generation of Femtosecond Electron Pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jinamoon, V.; Kusoljariyakul, K.; Rimjaem, S.; Saisut, J.; Thongbai, C.; Vilaithong, T.; Rhodes, M.W.; Wichaisirimongkol, P.; Chumphongphan, S.; Wiedemann, H.; /SLAC, SSRL

    2005-05-09

    At the Fast Neutron Research Facility (FNRF), Chiang Mai University (Thailand), the SURIYA project has been established aiming to produce femtosecond electron pulses utilizing a combination of an S-band thermionic rf gun and a magnetic bunch compressor ({alpha}-magnet). A specially designed rf-gun has been constructed to obtain optimum beam characteristics for the best bunch compression. Simulation results show that bunch lengths as short as about 50 fs rms can be expected at the experimental station. The electron bunch lengths will be determined using autocorrelation of coherent transition radiation (TR) through a Michelson interferometer. The paper discusses beam dynamics studies, design, fabrication and cold tests of the rf-gun as well as presents the project current status and forth-coming experiments.

  19. Generation of Femtosecond Electron And Photon Pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thongbai, C.; Jinamoon, V.; Kangrang, M.; Kusoljariyakul, K.; Rimjaem, S.; Saisut, J.; Vilaithong, T.; Rhodes, M.W.; Wichaisirimongkol, P.; Wiedemann, H.; /SLAC

    2006-03-17

    Femtosecond (fs) electron and photon pulses become a tool of increasing importance to study dynamics in ultrafast processes. Such short electron pulses can be generated from a system consisting of a thermionic-cathode RF-gun and a magnetic bunch compressor. The fs electron pulses can be used directly or used as a source to produce equally short electromagnetic radiation pulses via certain kind of radiation production processes. At the Fast Neutron Research Facility (FNRF), Thailand, we are especially interested in production of radiation in Farinfrared and X-ray regime. In the far-infrared wavelengths, the radiation emitted from fs electron pulses is emitted coherently resulting high intensity radiation. In the X-ray regime, development of fs X-ray sources is crucial for application in ultrafast sciene.

  20. Generation of Femtosecond Electron and Photon Pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thongbai, Chitrlada; Kangrang, Nopadol; Kusoljariyakul, Keerati; Rhodes, Michael W; Rimjaem, Sakhorn; Saisut, Jatuporn; Vilaithong, Thiraphat; Wichaisirimongkol, Pathom; Wiedemann, Helmut

    2005-01-01

    Femtosecond electron and photon pulses become a tool of interesting important to study dynamics at molecular or atomic levels. Such short pulses can be generated from a system consisting of an RF-gun with a thermionic cathode, an alpha magnet as a magnetic bunch compressor, and a linear accelerator. The femtosecond electron pulses can be used directly or used as sources to produce electromagnetic radiation of equally short pulses by choosing certain kind of radiation pruduction processes. At the Fast Neutron Research Facility (Thailand), we are especially interested in production of radiation in Far-infrared and X-ray regime. In the far-infrared wavelengths which are longer than the femtosecond pulse length, the radiation is emitted coherently producing intense radiation. In the X-ray regime, development of femtosecond X-ray source is crucial for application in ultrafast science.

  1. Gas in developing countries: Volume 2, Country studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    This volume contains detailed case-studies of the history and prospects for natural gas utilization in eight developing countries: Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand and Tunisia. All of these countries have been visited by members of the research team, with the exception of Pakistan. Running through all the case-histories is the importance of defining a clear market for the gas. In some cases this can prove remarkably difficult, especially when the oil price is relatively low. In other cases a market does exist, but is very limited in relation to the size of available reserves. The other theme which recurs over and over again is the importance of the relationship between the government and its agencies, and the foreign oil companies which are involved in exploration and development of gas reserves. These two issues are addressed in detail in each case study. But it is also the case that each country highlights specific aspects of the gas story.

  2. Marginal cost of natural gas in developing countries: concepts and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mashayekhi, A.

    1983-01-01

    Many developing nations are facing complex questions regarding the best strategy for developing their domestic gas reserves. The World Bank has addressed these questions in studies on the cost and prices of gas and its optimal allocation among different markets. Based on the average incremental method, an estimate of the marginal cost of natural gas in 10 developing countries proved to be $0.61-1.79/1000 CF or $3.59-10.54/bbl of oil equivalent, far below the border prices of competing fuels in these nations. Moreover, the cost of gas is not expected to rise in these countries within the next 20 years while the reserves/production ratios remain high. The sample involves a variety of gas compositions and production conditions among the countries of Bangladesh, Cameroon, Egypt, India, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand, and Tunisia.

  3. Natural gas: Governments and oil companies in the Third World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, A.; Hurst, C.; Mabro, R.

    1988-01-01

    It is asserted that oil companies claim to be generally receptive to gas development proposals; however, the lack of potential markets for gas, problems of foreign exchange convertibility, and lack of a legal framework often hinders their engagement. Governments, on the other hand, need to secure domestic energy supply and, if possible, gain some export earnings or royalties. An extensive discussion on the principles of pricing and fiscal regimes, potential points of disagreement is provided. A course of action is outlined from the managerial point of view to circumvent the most common pitfalls in planning and financing a gas project. Eight very detailed case studies are presented for Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Tunisia and Thailand.

  4. Geothermal power development: 1984 overview and update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiPippo, R.

    1984-10-01

    The status of geothermal power plants as of mid-1984 is given. There are 15 countries with active plants, and France (Guadeloupe) is expected to join the roster in the near future. The total number of operating units (defined as individual turbo-generator sets) is 145; the total installed capacity is somewhat less than 3770 MW. If plans for additional plants are met, the total could jump by more than 200 MW over the next two years. Recent growth is presented and the worldwide installed capacity is traced. A graphic portrayal of the growth pattern is presented. The countries that will be most responsible for sustaining this growth are the US, the Philippines, Mexico, and Indonesia. Other countries that will contribute significantly include Italy, Japan, Kenya, Nicaragua, and Turkey. The following countries do not now have any geothermal plants but may bring some online by 1990: Guatemala, Costa Rica, Greece, St. Lucia, Thailand, and Ethiopia.

  5. Effects of residues from municipal solid waste landfill on corn yield and heavy metal content

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prabpai, S. [Suphan Buri Campus Establishment Project, Kasetsart University, 50 U Floor, Administrative Building, Paholyothin Road, Jatujak, Bangkok 10900 (Thailand)], E-mail: s.prabpai@hotmail.com; Charerntanyarak, L. [Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand)], E-mail: lertchai@kku.ac.th; Siri, B. [Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand)], E-mail: boonmee@kku.ac.th; Moore, M.R. [The University of Queensland, The National Research Center for Environmental Toxicology, 39 Kessels Road, Coopers Plans, Brisbane, Queensland 4108 (Australia)], E-mail: m.moore@uq.edu.au; Noller, Barry N. [The University of Queensland, Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation, Brisbane, Queensland 4072 (Australia)], E-mail: b.noller@uq.edu.au

    2009-08-15

    The effects of residues from municipal solid waste landfill, Khon Kaen Municipality, Thailand, on corn (Zea mays L.) yield and heavy metal content were studied. Field experiments with randomized complete block design with five treatments (0, 20, 40, 60 and 80% v/v of residues and soil) and four replications were carried out. Corn yield and heavy metal contents in corn grain were analyzed. Corn yield increased by 50, 72, 85 and 71% at 20, 40, 60 and 80% treatments as compared to the control, respectively. All heavy metals content, except cadmium, nickel and zinc, in corn grain were not significantly different from the control. Arsenic, cadmium and zinc in corn grain were strongly positively correlated with concentrations in soil. The heavy metal content in corn grain was within regulated limits for human consumption.

  6. Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards: An Introduction to Safeguards for Emerging Nuclear States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazar, Sarah L.; Gastelum, Zoe N.; Olson, Jarrod; Mathews, Caroline E.; Solodov, Alexander; Zhernosek, Alena; Raffo-Caiado, Ana; Baldwin, George; Horak, Karl; McClelland-Kerr, John; VanSickle, Matthew; Mininni, Margot; Kovacic, Donald

    2009-10-06

    The U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) hosted a workshop from May 4-22, 2009, on the fundamental elements of international safeguards. Entitled "A Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards," the workshop introduced post-graduate students from Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Morocco, Egypt, Algeria and Tunisia to the fundamental issues and best practices associated with international safeguards and encouraged them to explore potential career paths in safeguards. Workshops like these strengthen the international safeguards regime by promoting the development of a "safeguards culture" among young nuclear professionals within nascent nuclear countries. While this concept of safeguards culture is sometimes hard to define and even harder to measure, this paper will demonstrate that the promotion of safeguards cultures through workshops like these justifies the investment of U.S. taxpayer dollars.

  7. Modeling and comparative assessment of municipal solid waste gasification for energy production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arafat, Hassan A. Jijakli, Kenan

    2013-08-15

    Highlights: • Study developed a methodology for the evaluation of gasification for MSW treatment. • Study was conducted comparatively for USA, UAE, and Thailand. • Study applies a thermodynamic model (Gibbs free energy minimization) using the Gasify software. • The energy efficiency of the process and the compatibility with different waste streams was studied. - Abstract: Gasification is the thermochemical conversion of organic feedstocks mainly into combustible syngas (CO and H{sub 2}) along with other constituents. It has been widely used to convert coal into gaseous energy carriers but only has been recently looked at as a process for producing energy from biomass. This study explores the potential of gasification for energy production and treatment of municipal solid waste (MSW). It relies on adapting the theory governing the chemistry and kinetics of the gasification process to the use of MSW as a feedstock to the process. It also relies on an equilibrium kinetics and thermodynamics solver tool (Gasify®) in the process of modeling gasification of MSW. The effect of process temperature variation on gasifying MSW was explored and the results were compared to incineration as an alternative to gasification of MSW. Also, the assessment was performed comparatively for gasification of MSW in the United Arab Emirates, USA, and Thailand, presenting a spectrum of socioeconomic settings with varying MSW compositions in order to explore the effect of MSW composition variance on the products of gasification. All in all, this study provides an insight into the potential of gasification for the treatment of MSW and as a waste to energy alternative to incineration.

  8. The SIAM Photon Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pairsuwan, Weerapong

    2007-01-19

    A short history of the SIAM Photon Source in Thailand is described. The facility is based on the 1 GeV storage ring obtained from the SORTEC consortium in Japan. After a redesign to include insertion straight sections it produced the first light in December 2001 and the first beam line became operational in early 2002. Special difficulties appear when a synchrotron light facility is obtained by donation, which have mostly to do with the absence of human resource development that elsewhere is commonly accomplished during design and construction. Additional problems arise by the distance of a developing country like Thailand from the origin of technical parts of the donation. A donation does not provide time to generate local capabilities or include in the technical design locally obtainable parts. This makes future developments, repairs and maintenance more time consuming, difficult and expensive than it should be. In other cases, parts of components are proprietary or obsolete or both which requires redesign and engineering at a time when the replacement part should be available to prevent stoppage of operation.The build-up of a user community is very difficult, especially when the radiation spectrum is confined to the VUV regime. Most of scientific interest these days is focused on the x-ray regime. Due to its low beam energy, the SIAM storage ring did not produce useful x-ray intensities and we are therefore in the midst of an upgrade to produce harder radiation. The first step has been achieved with a 20% increase of energy to 1.2 GeV. This step shifts the critical photon energy of bending magnet radiation from 800 eV to 1.4 keV providing useful radiation up to 7 keV. A XAS-beam line has been completed in 2005 and experimentation is very active by now. The next step is to install a 6.4 T wavelength shifter by the end of 2006 resulting in a critical photon energy of 6.15 keV. Further upgrades are planed for the comming years.

  9. Establishing Ergonomics in Industrially Developing Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stewart, K; Silverstein, B; Kiefer, M

    2005-08-29

    The introduction of ergonomics is an ongoing effort in industrially developing countries and will ultimately require an organized, programmatic approach spanning several countries and organizations. Our preliminary efforts with our partner countries of Viet Nam, Thailand, and Nicaragua have demonstrated that a one-time course is just the first step in a series of necessary events to provide skills and create an infrastructure that will have lasting impact for the host country. To facilitate that any sort of training has a lasting impact, it is recommended that host countries establish a 'contract' with class participants and the guest instructors for at least one follow-up visit so instructors can see the progress and support the participants in current and future efforts. With repeated exchanges, the class participants can become the 'in country experts' and the next generation of ergonomic trainers. Additionally, providing participants with an easy to use hazard assessment tool and methods for evaluating the financial impact of the project (cost/benefit analysis) will assist increase the likelihood of success and establish a foundation for future projects. In the future, developing trade and regionally/culturally specific 'ergonomics toolkits' can help promote broader implementation, especially where training resources may be limited.

  10. Microwave remote plasma enhanced-atomic layer deposition system with multicusp confinement chamber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dechana, A.; Thamboon, P.; Boonyawan, D.

    2014-10-15

    A microwave remote Plasma Enhanced-Atomic Layer Deposition system with multicusp confinement chamber is established at the Plasma and Beam Physics research facilities, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The system produces highly-reactive plasma species in order to enhance the deposition process of thin films. The addition of the multicusp magnetic fields further improves the plasma density and uniformity in the reaction chamber. Thus, the system is more favorable to temperature-sensitive substrates when heating becomes unwanted. Furthermore, the remote-plasma feature, which is generated via microwave power source, offers tunability of the plasma properties separately from the process. As a result, the system provides high flexibility in choice of materials and design experiments, particularly for low-temperature applications. Performance evaluations of the system were carried on coating experiments of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layers onto a silicon wafer. The plasma characteristics in the chamber will be described. The resulted Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films—analyzed by Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry in channeling mode and by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy techniques—will be discussed.

  11. Meteorological measurements in the vicinity of a coal burning power plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crescenti, G.H.; Gaynor, J.E.

    1995-05-01

    High concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2) are commonly observed during the cool season in the vicinity of a 2.5 GW coal burning power plant located in the Mae Moh Valley of northern Thailand. The power plant is the source for nearly all of the observed SO2 since there are no other major industrial activities in this region. These high pollution fumigation events occur almost on a daily basis, usually lasting for several hours between late morning and early afternoon. One-hour average SO2 concentrations commonly exceed 1,000 micrograms/cu m. As a result, an increase in the number of respiratory type health complaints have been observed by local clinics during this time of the year. Meteorological data were acquired from a variety of observing platforms during an intensive field study from December 1993 to February 1994. The measurements included horizontal and vertical wind velocity, air temperature, relative humidity, and solar radiation. In addition, turbulent flux measurements were acquired by a sonic anemometer. SO2 measurements were made at seven monitoring sites scattered throughout the valley. These data were used to examine the atmospheric processes which are responsible for these high pollution fumigation events.

  12. Case study of a solid-waste-scavenger community with respect to health and environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kungskulniti, Nipapun.

    1991-01-01

    This study was an investigation of a solid waste scavenger community at the On-Nooch Dump Site in Bangkok, Thailand. The purpose was to identify the dimensions of the public health conditions of solid waste scavengers and their community. Cross-sectional field surveys and measurements were undertaken to characterize the distribution and magnitude of health-related problems and environmental conditions. Scavengers were found to be exposed to hazardous conditions due to the waste materials at the dump site. Cuts and punctures from sharp materials were the most common complaints among scavengers. Health symptoms like headache, diarrhea, respiratory illness, skin diseases and back pain were also reported. There was a high prevalence of childhood respiratory illness especially among those children of households where cigarette smoking was present. Children had poor nutritional status and were commonly infected by intestinal protozoa and helminths. An appreciable proportion of adult respondents was below the normal range for lung function performance. Seroprevalence of HBV infection was found to be high among male respondents in addition to six respondents that had possible HIV infections. The quality of the community water supply was low. Air pollution measurements showed acceptable ambient air levels except for particulate levels (TSP and RSP). Levels of indoor, outdoor, and personal exposure NO{sub 2} were found to be similar. Data for an inner-city project apartment community named Din-Dang were also collected for comparison. A priority rating index and recommendations for public health condition improvements were presented.

  13. Control of contamination of radon-daughters in the DEAP-3600 acrylic vessel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jillings, Chris; Collaboration: DEAP Collaboration; and others

    2013-08-08

    DEAP-3600 is a 3600kg single-phase liquid-argon dark matter detector under construction at SNOLAB with a sensitivity of 10{sup ?46}cm{sup 2} for a 100 GeV WIMP. The argon is held an an acrylic vessel coated with wavelength-shifting 1,1,4,4-tetraphenyl-1,3-butadiene (TPB). Acrylic was chosen because it is optically transparent at the shifted wavelength of 420 nm; an effective neutron shield; and physically strong. With perfect cleaning of the acrylic surface before data taking the irreducible background is that from bulk {sup 210}Pb activity that is near the surface. To achieve a background rate of 0.01 events in the 1000-kg fiducial volume per year of exposure, the allowed limit of Pb-210 in the bulk acrylic is 31 mBq/tonne (= 1.2 × 10{sup ?20}g/g). We discuss how pure acrylic was procured and manufactured into a complete vessel paying particular attention to exposure to radon during all processes. In particular field work at the acrylic panel manufacturer, RPT Asia, and acrylic monomer supplier, Thai MMA Co. Ltd, in Thailand is described. The increased diffusion of radon during annealing the acrylic at 90C as well as techniques to mitigate against this are described.

  14. Qatargas exporting LNG from Qatar`s new Ras Laffan Port

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-02-24

    When the 135,000 cu m LNG carrier Al Zubarah departed Ras Laffan Port in December, Qatar entered a new era of commerce that will both boost the emirate`s economic development and influence energy trade around the world. The event capped more than a decade of planning, design, and construction of Ras Laffan Port--the world`s newest and largest LNG exporting facility. During the 1980s, the focus in Qatar was on exploration and development of North field, which holds the world`s largest reserves of nonassociated natural gas. In the 1990s, efforts concentrated on establishing a direct production and export link between North field, the new multi-billion-dollar Qatar Liquefied Gas Co. (Qatargas) gas liquefaction plant at Ras Laffan, and LNG export facilities at the 8.5 sq km Ras Laffan Port. Markets of the Far East will be first to be served by LNG from Ras Laffan Port. Two 25-year LNG supply contracts have been signed with buyers in Japan and South Korea, and negotiations are under way with potential customers from China, Taiwan, and Thailand. The paper describes the port, its operations, and export projects.

  15. Bibliography of information sources on East Asian energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salosis, J.

    1982-11-01

    The first section of this bibliography is a subject index by title to sources of information on East Asian energy. The countries considered were: Brunei, the PRC, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, the Koreas, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. If the geographic coverage by any source is restricted to a particular country and was not indicated by the title, a country abbreviation in parentheses was added. Titles that include the term data base are computerized. The second section contains the Title Index which lists each printed publication alphabetically with frequency of publication and the US$ price for a yearly air mail subscription. The publisher or distribution office is listed below the title. The Data Base Index lists computerized sources with the author and the vendor providing either online access or tapes. No prices have been quoted in this section because of the wide range of methods in use and the impossibility of running benchmarks for this study. The Address Index lists the publishers, data base authors and vendors alphabetically.

  16. Integrating spatial support tools into strategic planning-SEA of the GMS North-South Economic Corridor Strategy and Action Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramachandran, Pavit; Linde, Lothar

    2011-11-15

    The GMS countries, supported by the Asian Development Bank, have adopted a holistic, multidimensional approach to strengthen infrastructural linkages and facilitate cross border trade through (i) the establishment of a trans-boundary road connecting two economic nodes across marginalised areas, followed by 2) facilitation of environmentally and socially sound investments in these newly connected areas as a means to develop livelihoods. The North-South Economic Corridor is currently in its second phase of development, with investment opportunities to be laid out in the NSEC Strategy and Action Plan (SAP). It targets the ecologically and culturally sensitive border area between PR China's Yunnan Province, Northern Lao PDR, and Thailand. A trans-boundary, cross-sectoral Strategic Environmental Assessment was conducted to support the respective governments in assessing potential environmental and social impacts, developing alternatives and mitigation options, and feeding the findings back into the SAP writing process. Given the spatial dimension of corridor development-both with regard to opportunities and risks-particular emphasis was put in the application of spatial modelling tools to help geographically locate and quantify impacts as a means to guide interventions and set priorities.

  17. Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

    1991-04-01

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

  18. How can environmental regulations promote clean coal technology adoption in APEC developing economies?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-11-15

    The study examines both existing and emerging regulatory frameworks in order to determine which type of regulations that would be most effective at promoting clean coal technology adoption in development Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) economies and would be practical to implement. regulations targeting air emissions; regulations targeting water use; and regulations concerning coal combustion by-products. When considering the potential effect of existing and new environmental regulations on the adoption of clean coal the analysis of technologies was organised into three categories: environmental control technologies; high efficiency coal combustion technologies; and carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). To target the recommendations towards APEC economies that would benefit the most from this analysis, the study focused on developing and transition APEC economies that are expected to rely on coal for a large part of their future generating capacity. These economies include China, Indonesia, the Philippines, the Russian Federation, Thailand, and Vietnam. ACARP provided funding to this study, under Project C15078. 10 figs., 14 tabs., 10 apps.

  19. Southern Asia future plans feature long-distance lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01

    This paper reports that although pipe line mileage working, planned and under study has dipped slightly from 47,346 km (29,420 mi) to 44,853 km (27,871 mi), Southern Asia continues to hold a strong position for future projects with some of the most interesting programs in the international market. Two dramatic, long-distance natural gas transmission, gathering and lateral networks continue to hold the future pipe line construction spotlight in Southern Asia. The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) continues to study a 7,830 km (4,865 mi) gas transmission system. With an estimated cost of $10 billion, the system includes some 6,276 km (3,900 mi) of transmission lines, with 1,094 km (680 mi) offshore. Group members include Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. The second project, the Trans-Asian Pipeline System, involves 3,380 km (2,100 mi) of transmission lines from the Iran's Bandar Abbas gas field across Pakistan to a terminal at Calcutta, India.

  20. The institutional needs of joint implementation projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watt, E.; Sathaye, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Buen, O. de; Masera, O. [National Univ. of Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico); Gelil, I.A. [Organization of Energy Conservation and Planning, Cairo (Egypt); Ravindranath, N.H. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore (India); Zhou, D.; Li, J. [Energy Research Inst., Beijing (China); Intarapravich, D. [Thailand Environmental Inst., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1995-10-21

    In this paper, the authors discuss options for developing institutions for joint implementation (JI) projects. They focus on the tasks which are unique to JI projects or require additional institutional needs--accepting the project by the host and investor countries and assessing the project`s greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction or sequestration--and they suggest the types of institutions that would enhance their performance. The evaluation is based on four sets of governmental and international criteria for JI projects, the experiences of ten pilot JI projects, and the perspectives of seven collaborating authors from China, Egypt, India, Mexico, and Thailand, who interviewed relevant government and non-government staff involved in JI issue assessment in their countries. After examining the roles for potential JI institutions, they present early findings arguing for a decentralized national JI structure, which includes: (1) national governmental panels providing host country acceptance of proposed JI projects; (2) project parties providing the assessment data on the GHG reduction or sequestration for the projects; (3) technical experts calculating these GHG flows; (4) certified verification teams checking the GHG calculations; and (5) members of an international JI Secretariat training and certifying the assessors, as well as resolving challenges to the verifications. 86 refs.

  1. Benchmarks for industrial energy efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amarnath, K.R. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Kumana, J.D. [Linnhoff March, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Shah, J.V. [Electric Power Research Inst., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Chemicals and Petroleum Center

    1996-12-31

    What are the standards for improving energy efficiency for industries such as petroleum refining, chemicals, and glass manufacture? How can different industries in emerging markets and developing accelerate the pace of improvements? This paper discusses several case studies and experiences relating to this subject emphasizing the use of energy efficiency benchmarks. Two important benchmarks are discussed. The first is based on a track record of outstanding performers in the related industry segment; the second benchmark is based on site specific factors. Using energy use reduction targets or benchmarks, projects have been implemented in Mexico, Poland, India, Venezuela, Brazil, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Republic of South Africa and Russia. Improvements identified through these projects include a variety of recommendations. The use of oxy-fuel and electric furnaces in the glass industry in Poland; reconfiguration of process heat recovery systems for refineries in China, Malaysia, and Russia; recycling and reuse of process wastewater in Republic of South Africa; cogeneration plant in Venezuela. The paper will discuss three case studies of efforts undertaken in emerging market countries to improve energy efficiency.

  2. Demand-Supply Optimization with Risk Management for a Multi-Connection Water Reservoir Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatpatanasiri, Ratthachat

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a framework to solve a demand-supply optimization problem of long-term water resource allocation on a multi-connection reservoir network which, in two aspects, is different to the problem considered in previous works. First, while all previous works consider a problem where each reservoir can transfer water to only one fixed reservoir, we consider a multi-connection network being constructed in Thailand in which each reservoir can transfer water to many reservoirs in one period of time. Second, a demand-supply plan considered here is static, in contrast to a dynamic policy considered in previous works. Moreover, in order to efficiently develop a long-term static plan, a severe loss (a risk) is taken into account, i.e. a risk occurs if the real amount of water stored in each reservoir in each time period is less than what planned by the optimizer. The multi-connection function and the risk make the problem rather complex such that traditional stochastic dynamic programming and determi...

  3. Participatory health impact assessment for the development of local government regulation on hazard control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inmuong, Uraiwan; Rithmak, Panee; Srisookwatana, Soomol; Traithin, Nathathai; Maisuporn, Pornpun

    2011-07-15

    The Thai Public Health Act 1992 required the Thai local governments to issue respective regulations to take control of any possible health-hazard related activities, both from commercial and noncommercial sources. Since 1999, there has been centrally decentralized of power to a new form of local government establishment, namely Sub-district Administrative Organization (SAO). The SAO is asmall-scale local governing structure while its legitimate function is for community services, including control of health impact related activities. Most elected SAO administrators and officers are new and less experience with any of public health code of practice, particularly on health-hazard control. This action research attempted to introduce and apply a participatory health impact assessment (HIA) tool for the development of SAO health-hazard control regulation. The study sites were at Ban Meang and Kok See SAOs, Khon Kaen Province, Thailand, while all intervention activities conducted during May 2005-April 2006. A set of cooperative activities between researchers and community representatives were planned and organized by; surveying and identifying place and service base locally causing local environmental health problems, organizing community participatory workshops for drafting and proposing the health-hazard control regulation, and appropriate practices for health-hazard controlling measures. This action research eventually could successfully enable the SAO administrators and officers understanding of local environmental-related health problem, as well as development of imposed health-hazard control regulation for local community.

  4. Heat extraction from salinity-gradient solar ponds using heat pipe heat exchangers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tundee, Sura; Terdtoon, Pradit; Sakulchangsatjatai, Phrut; Singh, Randeep; Akbarzadeh, Aliakbar

    2010-09-15

    This paper presents the results of experimental and theoretical analysis on the heat extraction process from solar pond by using the heat pipe heat exchanger. In order to conduct research work, a small scale experimental solar pond with an area of 7.0 m{sup 2} and a depth of 1.5 m was built at Khon Kaen in North-Eastern Thailand (16 27'N102 E). Heat was successfully extracted from the lower convective zone (LCZ) of the solar pond by using a heat pipe heat exchanger made from 60 copper tubes with 21 mm inside diameter and 22 mm outside diameter. The length of the evaporator and condenser section was 800 mm and 200 mm respectively. R134a was used as the heat transfer fluid in the experiment. The theoretical model was formulated for the solar pond heat extraction on the basis of the energy conservation equations and by using the solar radiation data for the above location. Numerical methods were used to solve the modeling equations. In the analysis, the performance of heat exchanger is investigated by varying the velocity of inlet air used to extract heat from the condenser end of the heat pipe heat exchanger (HPHE). Air velocity was found to have a significant influence on the effectiveness of heat pipe heat exchanger. In the present investigation, there was an increase in effectiveness by 43% as the air velocity was decreased from 5 m/s to 1 m/s. The results obtained from the theoretical model showed good agreement with the experimental data. (author)

  5. Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

    1993-04-01

    Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

  6. ASEAN-USAID buildings energy conservation project. Volume 1, Energy standards: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F.; Deringer, J.J.

    1992-06-01

    Mandatory or voluntary energy-efficiency standards for new or existing buildings can play an important role in a national program aimed at promoting energy conservation. Building codes and standards can provide a degree of control over design and building practices throughout the construction process, and encourage awareness of energy-conscious design. Studies in developed countries indicate that efficiency standards can produce energy reductions on the order of 20 to 40% or more. Within ASEAN, analyses of the savings potential from the proposed standards suggest that if implemented, these standards would produce savings over current new design practice of 19% to 24%. In this volume we provide an overview of the ASEAN-USAID project aimed at promulgating standards for energy efficiency in commercial buildings. The process of developing and implementing energy-efficiency standards for buildings can be subdivided into two key components: policy development; and technical and economic analysis. Each of these involves a number of steps and processes, as outlined in Figure 1-1. This volume describes the technical and economic analyses used to develop the proposed energy efficiency standards for four countries (Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Indonesia), and to refine an energy standard existing in Singapore since 1979. Though oriented toward the ASEAN region, the analysis methods described here are applicable in a range of settings, provided appropriate modifications are made for local building construction, climatic, economic, and political conditions. Implementation issues are not specifically addressed here; rather this volume is oriented towards the analytical work needed to establish or revise an energy standard for buildings.

  7. Corotating solar wind structures and recurrent trains of enhanced diurnal variation in galactic cosmic rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeeram, T.; Ruffolo, D.; Sáiz, A.; Kamyan, N.; Nutaro, T. E-mail: david.ruf@mahidol.ac.th E-mail: p_chang24@hotmail.com

    2014-04-01

    Data from the Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor at Doi Inthanon, Thailand, with a vertical cutoff rigidity of 16.8 GV, were utilized to determine the diurnal anisotropy (DA) of Galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) near Earth during solar minimum conditions between 2007 November and 2010 November. We identified trains of enhanced DA over several days, which often recur after a solar rotation period (?27 days). By investigating solar coronal holes as identified from synoptic maps and solar wind parameters, we found that the intensity and anisotropy of cosmic rays are associated with the high-speed streams (HSSs) in the solar wind, which are in turn related to the structure and evolution of coronal holes. An enhanced DA was observed after the onset of some, but not all, HSSs. During time periods of recurrent trains, the DA was often enhanced or suppressed according to the sign of the interplanetary magnetic field B, which suggests a contribution from a mechanism involving a southward gradient in the GCR density, n, and a gradient anisotropy along B × ?n. In one non-recurrent and one recurrent sequence, an HSS from an equatorial coronal hole was merged with that from a trailing mid-latitude extension of a polar coronal hole, and the slanted HSS structure in space with suppressed GCR density can account for the southward GCR gradient. We conclude that the gradient anisotropy is a source of temporary changes in the GCR DA under solar minimum conditions, and that the latitudinal GCR gradient can sometimes be explained by the coronal hole morphology.

  8. New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01

    The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

  9. Transport growth in Bangkok: Energy, environment, and traffic congestion. Workshop proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Philpott, J.

    1995-07-01

    Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is a physically and economically complexcity with a complicated transport system. With daily traffic congestion averaging 16 hours, the air quality is such that to breathe street level pollution for 8 eight hours is roughly equivalent to smoking nine cigarettes per day. Estimates suggest idling traffic costs up to $1.6 billion annually. Energy use within the transport sector is on a steady rise with an estimated increase in 11 years of two and one half times. Severe health impacts have begun to effect many residents - young children and the elderly being particularly vulnerable. Bangkok`s air quality and congestion problems are far from hopeless. Great potential exists for Bangkok to remedy its transport-related problems. The city has many necessary characteristics that allow an efficient, economical system of transport. For example, its high density level makes the city a prime candidate for an efficient system of mass transit and the multitude and close proximity of shops, street vendors, restaurants, and residential areas is highly conducive to walking and cycling. Technical knowledge and capacity to devise and implement innovative policies and projects to address air quality and congestion problems is plentiful. There is also consensus among Bangkokians that something needs to be done immediately to clear the air and the roads. However, little has been done. This report proposes a new approach to transport planning for Bangkok that integrates consideration of ecological, social, and financial viability in the process of making decisions regarding managing existing infrastructure and investments in new infrastructure. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  10. International oil companies in the Far East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mlotok, P.

    1984-10-01

    All of the major international oil companies have extensive operations in the Far East, and in most cases, these operations account for a significant part of their worldwide earnings. In the refining and marketing end of the business, near-term profitability could be hampered by problems in the Singapore refining center. An expansion of Indonesian refining capacity has reduced profits from processing arrangements, and new Saudi product exports will enter Singapore starting this year. Longer term, however, the strong economic growth in the region renders it a highly attractive area in which to operate. On the producing end, rising output will boost profits for the international oil companies in Indonesia and Malaysia. Caltex (a 50/50 joint venture between Chevron and Texaco) is one of the largest marketers in the Far East. It will not initially be affected greatly by the Singapore refinery problem, as its production from this area goes directly into its own marketing system rather than into the open market. Exxon is a medium-size marketer with especially strong positions in Japan, Malaysia and Thailand. However, the company could be vulnerable to near-term problems in Singapore. Mobil, another medium-size marketer, has a very strong position in Japan but problems in Australia. As those problems are corrected, earnings should grow over time. The Royal Dutch Shell Group is one of the largest marketers in the Far East, with good positions in Singapore, Malaysia and Australia. Shell will have difficulty adjusting to the changing conditions in Singapore, but once this is complete, downstream earnings growth should resume. British Petroleum (BP) has a smaller upstream and downstream presence than the other international oils. Estimated 1983 Far East earnings are tabulated for these five companies. 5 figures.

  11. Developments in Assisting Countries in Implementing the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Hansen, Linda H.; Cain, Ronald A.; Kovacic, Don N.; Apt, Kenneth E.; VanSickle, Matthew

    2010-08-11

    In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began assisting selected non-nuclear weapon states in planning and preparing for implementation of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Additional Protocol (AP). Since then, the AP international implementation program has contributed to the substantial progress made by Vietnam, Thailand, Iraq, and Malaysia in preparing for entry-into-force of the AP. An overall engagement plan has been developed with components designed to train government AP implementing agencies, inform policy makers, conduct outreach to industry and universities, make AP reporting software available and useful, and plan a detailed approach for implementing the declaration and complementary access provisions of the AP. DOE recently began collaborating with Indonesia, which has already entered the AP into force, requiring a second method of engagement somewhat different from that taken with countries that have not entered the AP into force. The AP international implementation program, administered by the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program, is working more closely with DOE’s International Nonproliferation Export Control Program to ensure countries are aware of and prepared to implement the export/import provisions of the AP. As the AP implementation program matures and helps move countries closer to entry-into-force or improved AP implementation, it is identifying characteristics of a country’s “end-state” that indicate that DOE assistance is no longer required. The U.S. AP Implementation Act and Senate Resolution of Ratification require the Administration to report annually to Congress on measures taken to achieve the adoption of the AP in non-nuclear weapon states. DOE’s AP international implementation program is a significant part of these measures. This paper describes recent developments to increase the scope and effectiveness of the program.

  12. ASEAN--USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project final report. Volume 2, Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F. [eds.

    1992-06-01

    This volume reports on research in the area of energy conservation technology applied to commercial buildings in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region. Unlike Volume I of this series, this volume is a compilation of original technical papers prepared by different authors in the project. In this regard, this volume is much like a technical journal. The papers that follow report on research conducted by both US and ASEAN researchers. The authors representing Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand, come from a range of positions in the energy arena, including government energy agencies, electric utilities, and universities. As such, they account for a wide range of perspectives on energy problems and the role that technology can play in solving them. This volume is about using energy more intelligently. In some cases, the effort is towards the use of more advanced technologies, such as low-emittance coatings on window glass, thermal energy storage, or cogeneration. In others, the emphasis is towards reclaiming traditional techniques for rendering energy services, but in new contexts such as lighting office buildings with natural light, or cooling buildings of all types with natural ventilation. Used in its broadest sense, the term ``technology`` encompasses all of the topics addressed in this volume. Along with the more customary associations of technology, such as advanced materials and equipment and the analysis of their performance, this volume treats design concepts and techniques, analysis of ``secondary`` impacts from applying technologies (i.e., unintended impacts, or impacts on parties not directly involved in the purchase and use of the technology), and the collection of primary data used for conducting technical analyses.

  13. Using social network and stakeholder analysis to help evaluate infectious waste management: A step towards a holistic assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caniato, Marco; Vaccari, Mentore; Visvanathan, Chettiyappan; Zurbrügg, Christian

    2014-05-01

    Highlights: • Assessment of infectious waste management in Bangkok, in particular incineration. • Integration of social network and stakeholder analysis assessment methods. • Assessment of stakeholder characteristics, role, interaction and communication. • Interviewees self-evaluate their own characteristics and the system. • Non-technical aspects are important for system acceptability, and sustainability. - Abstract: Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of a solid waste management scheme requires an accurate analysis and integration of several determining features. In addition to the technical aspects, any such system shows a complex interaction of actors with varying stakes, decision-making power and influence, as well as a favourable or disabling environment. When capitalizing on the knowledge and experience from a specific case, it is also crucial that experts do not “forget” or underestimate the importance of such social determinants and that they are familiar with the methods and tools to assess them. Social network analysis (SNA) and stakeholder analysis (SA) methods can be successfully applied to better understand actors’ role and actions, analyse driving forces and existing coordination among stakeholders, as well as identify bottlenecks in communication which affect daily operations or strategic planning for the future way forward. SNA and SA, appropriately adjusted for a certain system, can provide a useful integration to methods by assessing other aspects to ensure a comprehensive picture of the situation. This paper describes how to integrate SNA and SA in order to survey a solid waste management system. This paper presents the results of an analysis of On-Nuch infectious waste incinerator in Bangkok, Thailand. Stakeholders were interviewed and asked to prioritize characteristics and relationships which they consider particularly important for system development and success of the scheme. In such a way, a large quantity of information about organization, communication between stakeholders and their perception about operation, environmental and health impact, and potential alternatives for the system was collected in a systematic way. The survey results suggest that stakeholders are generally satisfied with the system operation, though communication should be improved. Moreover, stakeholders should be strategically more involved in system development planning, according to their characteristics, to prevent negative reactions.

  14. QER- Comment of Brian West

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hello, Thanks for the invitation to the QER workshop. Here are a couple of comments that I was probably unable to fully articulate in the main session, although I did try to make some of these points in the breakout session: When considering alternatives and policy that drives alternative fuel use, it is important to learn from Policy successes and failures. Policy drivers put in place in Thailand, Brazil, and Sweden have been successful in transitions to greater alternative fuel use. US policy for Flex Fuel Vehicles has been largely unsuccessful at encouraging alternative fuel use. The fuel economy credit for the OEMs to build FFVs was generous but encouraged only modest production; nonetheless there are over 15M FFVs on the road. However, they use very little ethanol fuel due to cost ($/mile), range, etc. Natural Gas has a very real value proposition (lower $/gge) so fleet owners have good financial incentive to make the switch, even if investments are required. One participant commented that infrastructure costs are small compared to costs of imported oil. I agree with this statement. One presenter mentioned (a city?) with a law that requires infrastructure to support future EV charging be installed in any new parking garage. Great idea. (Better to have and not need than need and not have, especially when cost differential is small on the front end and very large on the back end). In the US we install about 20,000-40,000 new fuel dispensers per year (according to Gilbarco/Wayne). It would be a horrible missed opportunity to not put policy in place that encourages/requires E25 or E85-compatible dispensers. With a successful policy driver, in the next five years the nation could have over 100,000 ethanol-compatible dispensers in place, ready for a new High Octane Fuel (that could very likely contain more than 10 or 15% ethanol). Thanks Brian H. West Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center Oak Ridge National Laboratory http://www.ornl.gov/ http://feerc.ornl.gov/ http://www.fueleconomy.gov/ From: Tillemann, Levi Sent: Thursday, July 03, 2014 3:52 PM To: West, Brian H. Subject: AMR/QER Technical Workshop Dear Brian: On behalf of the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis (EPSA) I want to thank you for your participation at the June 20th AMR/QER Alternative Transportation Refueling Infrastructure technical workshop. Your contribution in the breakout sessions and general discussion sessions provided valuable insight that will help inform EPSA during the QER process going forward. During the course of the workshop, detailed notes were taken. These have been anonymized and will be made publically available to you and the general public in the coming weeks. Once they are posted, we will provide you with a link for accessing them online. We encourage you to submit additional comments regarding infrastructure for transmission, storage or distribution of alternative transportation fuels to qercomments@hq.doe.gov. For more information about the QER's stakeholder meeting locations, areas of analysis and public comments you can visit the QER website at: http://energy.gov/epsa/initiatives/quadrennial-energy-review-qer. Please feel free to contact me or Sallie Gilbert (sallie.gilbert@hq.doe.gov) if you have additional questions. I will be leaving the DOE August 1, thereafter you may contact Renee Picket (adonica.pickett@hq.doe.gov) or Carla Frisch (carla.frisch@hq.doe.gov) with questions or comments. Thank you again for making the workshop a great success. I look forward to working together with all of you on these issues in the future. Best regards, Levi Tillemann, Ph.D. Special Advisor, EPSA US Department of Energy