Sample records for teton mammoth cave

  1. Teton County Secondary Data Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    prevalence (Heart Attack) 4.4% 4.1% 6.0% All Sites Cancer 461.9 455.5 543.2 1 Community Health Data, MT County1 Montana1,2 Nation2 1. Heart Disease 2. Cancer 3. CLRD* 1. Cancer 2. Heart Disease 3.CLRD* 1. Heart Disease 2. Cancer 3. CLRD* #12; Teton County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 2

  2. Cool CAVEs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Idaho National Laboratory's "CAVE" -- 3-D Computer-Assisted Virtual Environment –- allows scientists to literally walk into their data and look at it from multiple perspectives.

  3. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mammoth Cave National Park Uses Only

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICE OFFuels in ItsStationHydrogenNaturalNaturalMaineAlternative

  4. Exploring the Possibilities: Mammoth-Pacific Seeks Cooling Efficiency...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Possibilities: Mammoth-Pacific Seeks Cooling Efficiency and More Steam for Geothermal Power Production in California's Sierra Nevada Mountains Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI...

  5. Mammoth, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECOInformationMallard LakeMalvernMammoth,

  6. Silica Extraction at the Mammoth Lakes Geothermal Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bourcier, W; Ralph, W; Johnson, M; Bruton, C; Gutierrez, P

    2006-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this project is to develop a cost-effective method to extract marketable silica (SiO{sub 2}) from fluids at the Mammoth Lakes, California geothermal power plant. Marketable silica provides an additional revenue source for the geothermal power industry and therefore lowers the costs of geothermal power production. The use of this type of ''solution mining'' to extract resources from geothermal fluids eliminates the need for acquiring these resources through energy intensive and environmentally damaging mining technologies. We have demonstrated that both precipitated and colloidal silica can be produced from the geothermal fluids at Mammoth Lakes by first concentrating the silica to over 600 ppm using reverse osmosis (RO). The RO permeate can be used in evaporative cooling at the plant; the RO concentrate is used for silica and potentially other (Li, Cs, Rb) resource extraction. Preliminary results suggest that silica recovery at Mammoth Lakes could reduce the cost of geothermal electricity production by 1.0 cents/kWh.

  7. STRATIRGAPHY AND GEOCHRONOLOGY OF THE VERNOR MAMMOTH SITE, CLUTE, BRAZORIA COUNTY, TEXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urista, Juan C.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Remains of a mammoth, other Pleistocene fauna, and a wooden bowl were recovered from the Vernor site located in Clute, Brazoria County on the Texas Gulf Coast. Stratigraphy, sedimentology, and geochronology were used to establish the depositional...

  8. Partitioning of bacterial communities between travertine depositional facies at Mammoth Hot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fouke, Bruce W.

    flow of spring water from the high-temperature to low-temperature facies. These results suggest of depositional facies models that correlate (1) the depth, velocity, temperature, and chemistry of waterPartitioning of bacterial communities between travertine depositional facies at Mammoth Hot Springs

  9. An environmental assessment of Bermuda's caves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbons, Darcy Ann

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    selected caves, three from each class. Each sample was analyzed for nitrate, nitrite, and ammonia concentrations. The results were analyzed using multiple analysis of variance statistics. A significant difference between the nitrate concentrations...

  10. CaveCAD: Architectural Design in the CAVE Cathleen E. Hughes Lelin Zhang Jurgen P. Schulze Eve Edelstein Eduardo Macagno

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulze, JĂĽrgen P.

    SketchUp that normally run on flat 2D screens with a limited field of view, CaveCAD enables designers

  11. A Survey of Colorado's Caves for Bats Jeremy L. Siemers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Survey of Colorado's Caves for Bats Jeremy L. Siemers Colorado Natural Heritage Program 254 General Services Building Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado Prepared for: Colorado Division.................................................................................17 #12;1 Introduction Although caves represent a critical habitat component for most bats in Colorado

  12. Tele-Immersive Collaboration in the CAVE Research Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    Visualization Laboratory University of Illinois at Chicago aej | spiff @ evl.uic.edu www.evl.uic.edu/cavern (CAVERN) is an international alliance of research and industrial institutions equipped with CAVEs, Immersa

  13. abauntz cave navarra: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    K. M. Mc Boyer, Elizabeth W. 146 P450 aromatase alterations and DNA damage as avian pollution biomarkers in cliff and cave swallow breeding near the Rio Grande region, Texas...

  14. Copyright 2001 by The National Speleological Society Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, December 2001 99 Mark J. Wetzel and Steven J. Taylor -First records of freshwater oligochaetes (Annelida, Clitellata) from caves in Illinois and Missouri, USA. Journ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Steven J.

    : Fogelpole Cave, Illinois Caverns, and Krueger-Dry Run Cave (all in Monroe County) and Stemler Cave (St (Gibert et al. 1994; Rodriguez 1996; Rodriguez & Coates 1996; Strayer 2001; Strayer et al. 1995

  15. Water budgets and cave recharge on juniper rangelands in the Edwards Plateau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregory, Lucas Frank

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    scale rainfall simulation was used at Bunny Hole to apply water directly above the cave footprint allowing us to determine how recharge differs between natural and simulated rainfall events. Under natural conditions, Headquarters Cave recharged 15...

  16. Human skeletal remains of the ancient Maya in the caves of Dos Pilas, Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minjares, Amador, Jr.

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This study focuses on the assessment of the depositional activity that occurred in six caves of the Petexbatun region of the Peten, Guatemala through a quantitative analysis of the human skeletal material recovered from them. Five of these caves...

  17. Water column characterization of anchialine caves in Quintana Roo, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodson, Brett Wayne

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, and pH of the caves. Water columns were divided into three zones, brackish, transition, and saline, and a new method was employed to define these boundaries by using "best it" calculations and subsequent regression...

  18. Caves contain unique habitats populated by specialized, endemic invertebrates.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Steven J.

    pro- duced only 2% of the speci- mens, but 30% of the species identi- fied. Future stud- ies ranked as rare at the state level (i.e., S1­S2). For some species, this ranking may reflect incomplete. Based on the observed diversity and endemicity, we determined that protecting six of the eight caves

  19. Cave swallow (Petrochelidon fulva) nest reuse in east-central Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byerly, Margaret Elizabeth

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ......................................................................................... 8 2 Number of Cave Swallow nests from each bridge used in analysis along with types and quantities of Barn, Cave, and Cliff Swallow nests present at all 19 study bridges during the 2003 breeding season... reuse, as Cliff Swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonata) (Brown and Brown 1986), Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica) (Samuel 1971, Shields 1984, Barclay 1988), and Cave Swallows (P. fulva) (Kosciuch 2002) all may reuse their mud nests. Collias and Collias...

  20. A Review of Tele-Immersive Applications in the CAVE Research Network Jason Leigh1;2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    there are over 80 CAVE and ImmersaDesk installations around the world. CAVERN (the CAVE Research Network and computational steering. This paper will begin by providing an overview of CAVERN- soft, our architecture

  1. Genetic basis of eye and pigment loss in the cave crustacean, Asellus aquaticus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Nipam H.

    Genetic basis of eye and pigment loss in the cave crustacean, Asellus aquaticus Meredith E. Protasa and the loss of eyes and pigmentation, have evolved multiple times in a diverse assemblage of cave animals to be involved in pigmen- tation, eye, and appendage development, was used to identify loci of large effect

  2. Design, Construction, and Testing of A New Class of Mobile Robots for Cave Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    design process and results from initial tests. Keywords: Cave robot, exploration, subterraneanDesign, Construction, and Testing of A New Class of Mobile Robots for Cave Exploration Ivan aimed at Exploration of subterranean spaces. The key innovation is the combination of highly

  3. Federal Cave Protection Act of 1988 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSan Leandro,LawFEMAProject JumpTechnologiesAviationCave

  4. CaveMan Enterprise version 1.0 Software Validation and Verification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, David

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve stores crude oil in caverns solution-mined in salt domes along the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas. The CaveMan software program has been used since the late 1990s as one tool to analyze pressure mea- surements monitored at each cavern. The purpose of this monitoring is to catch potential cavern integrity issues as soon as possible. The CaveMan software was written in Microsoft Visual Basic, and embedded in a Microsoft Excel workbook; this method of running the CaveMan software is no longer sustainable. As such, a new version called CaveMan Enter- prise has been developed. CaveMan Enterprise version 1.0 does not have any changes to the CaveMan numerical models. CaveMan Enterprise represents, instead, a change from desktop-managed work- books to an enterprise framework, moving data management into coordinated databases and porting the numerical modeling codes into the Python programming language. This document provides a report of the code validation and verification testing.

  5. Interactions and reproductive success of sympatric Barn and Cave Swallows in east-central Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosciuch, Karl Leonard

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sympatrically with Barn Swallows (Hirundo rustica) and Cliff Swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonata) under bridges and in culverts. I investigated the interactions and reproductive biology of Cave and Barn Swallows nesting sympatrically under eight bridges in Brazos...

  6. Energy Blog | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Mammoth Cave National Park was the first National Park fleet to use 100 percent alternative fuel. The Global Electric Motorcar (pictured above) is used by park rangers...

  7. Energy Blog | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    is rethinking how low cost, high performance solar cells are made. June 19, 2012 Propane shuttle buses used to transport visitors at Mammoth Cave National Park. | Photo...

  8. CAVERN: The CAVE Research Network Andrew E. Johnson, Jason Leigh, Thomas A. DeFanti, Maxine D. Brown, and Daniel J. Sandin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    CAVERN: The CAVE Research Network Andrew E. Johnson, Jason Leigh, Thomas A. DeFanti, Maxine D CAVERN, the CAVE Research Network, is an alliance of industrial and research institutions equipped, to at least six in 1997 , so now EVL turns its attention to the design and implementation of CAVERN, the CAVE

  9. VEGETATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF PRONGHORN BED SITES IN WIND CAVE NATIONAL PARK, SOUTH DAKOTA --Much of the previous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    49 NOTES VEGETATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF PRONGHORN BED SITES IN WIND CAVE NATIONAL PARK, SOUTH DAKOTA mortality (Beale 1978, Barrett 1984, Gregg et al. 2001) and social behavior (Kitchen 1974, Autenrieth. The pronghorn was reintroduced into Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, in 1914 and thus, has been maintained

  10. Unified Treatment of Heterodyne Detection: the Shapiro-Wagner and Caves Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Landolfi; G. Ruggeri; G. Soliani

    2005-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparative study is performed on two heterodyne systems of photon detectors expressed in terms of a signal annihilation operator and an image band creation operator called Shapiro-Wagner and Caves' frame, respectively. This approach is based on the introduction of a convenient operator $\\hat \\psi$ which allows a unified formulation of both cases. For the Shapiro-Wagner scheme, where $[\\hat \\psi, \\hat \\psi^{\\dag}] =0$, quantum phase and amplitude are exactly defined in the context of relative number state (RNS) representation, while a procedure is devised to handle suitably and in a consistent way Caves' framework, characterized by $[\\hat \\psi, \\hat \\psi^{\\dag}] \

  11. The diet of Hinds Cave (41 VV 456), Val Verde County, Texas: the coprolite evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Janet Ann

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the longevity of this adaptive 'nunting and gathering lifeway include: -ag'e Cave (Ross 1965); Fate Eeli Shelter (Parsons 1965); Arenosa Shelter (Dibble 1967); Baker Cave (Hester 1978); the Devil's Mouth Site (Johnson 1964) and the Devil' s Rockshelter... was excavated in 1975 and was chosen for excavation in order to determine the depth of cultural deposits in this area of the site (field notes 1975). Radiocarbon dates on charcoal from Area D, level 7 have produced dates of 6230 + 110 B. C. (TX2737) and 6330...

  12. Relating carrion breakdown rates to ambient resource level and community structure in four cave stream ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benstead, Jon

    into ecosystems vary in quantity and quality (e.g., plant litter vs carrion). Variability in detrital quantity and quality potentially affects consumer biomass and rates of organic matter (OM) breakdown. We used cave streams to test 2 linked hypotheses regarding the influence of total detrital inputs on consumer biomass

  13. Assessing the Impact of Groundwater Pollution from Marine Caves on Nearshore Seagrass Beds in Bermuda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cate, Jenipher R.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    the enclosed, protected nature of the sound allowed for reduced wave and current action. Syringodium filiforme decreased in density towards the ocean signifying a direct influence of cave water on seagrass beds. Tidal in and out-flux allowed for a constantly...

  14. A MEDIEVAL WARM PERIOD l)13 C RECORD FROM THE GAURA CU MUSCA CAVE, SW ROMANIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forray, Ferenc

    A MEDIEVAL WARM PERIOD l)13 C RECORD FROM THE GAURA CU MUSCA CAVE, SW ROMANIA Bogdan P. ONAC1 · 2, Romania (2) School of Geosciences, University of South Florida, 4202 E. Fowler Ave., NES 107, Tampa, FL and Romania. B. Geological map of the region {modified fromlancu et al., 1995). The mapof the Gaura cu Musca

  15. Cave and cliff swallows as indicators of exposure and effects of environmental contaminants on birds from the Rio Grande, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musquiz, Daniel

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Cave (Petrochelidon fulva) and cliff swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) were collected along the Rio Grande and evaluated as potential indicators of environmental contamination. The Rio Grande receives toxic substances from agricultural...

  16. Hemp in ancient rope and fabric from the Christmas Cave in Israel: talmudic background and DNA sequence identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Terence M.; Ben-Yehuda, Nahum; Taylor, R.E.; Southon, John R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cambridge. Modern Sources Allegro, J.M. , 1965. Search inthe day on which it was discovered by John Allegro in1960 (Allegro, 1965, pp. 6e15). In 2007, the cave was

  17. Pollen and plant macrofossil vegetation record recovered from Hinds Cave, Val Verde County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dering, James Philip

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Advisory Committee & Dr. Vsughn N. Bryant, , Tr. Pollen anc plant macrof'ossil samples were collected from Hinds Cave, an arc?eolog'ca& "ite in Val Verde County, Texas, Plant macrofossils were identified and quantified, and relative pollen frequencies... ttle over the la""t 9, 000-10, 000 years, ACKNOWLED GEANT S Dr, Vaughn N. Bryant of the Biology Department, Texas AAM University, deserves my deepest gratitude because he is the reascn I entered the field of palynology. r. Bryant also patiently...

  18. Photo of the Week: The CAVE at LANL | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSalesOE0000652GrowE-mail on AugustDepartmentEnergyCAVE at

  19. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, April 2005 39 Donald A. McFarlane and Joyce Lundberg -The 19th century excavation of Kent's Cavern, England. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 67, no. 1, p. 39-47.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFarlane, Donald A.

    th century excavation of Kent's Cavern, England. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 67, no. 1, p conducted a series of excavations in Kent's Cavern, a well known site in Wellswood (now a suburb of Torquay) Chamber of Kent's Cavern had been extensively modified by centuries of use and souvenir hunting, Mac

  20. Microsoft Word - Teton Sub CX.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    safety, and health, (ii) require siting and construction or major expansion of waste storage, disposal, recovery, or treatment facilities, (iii) disturb hazardous...

  1. Teton Operating Services LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark Jump to:

  2. Seasonal dripwater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca variations driven by cave ventilation: Implications for and modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banner, Jay L.

    Seasonal dripwater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca variations driven by cave ventilation: Implications of Mg/ Ca (and Sr/Ca) and Sr isotopes is key in delineating whether Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca variations seasonal variations in dripwater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca, whereas the other drip sites do not. In contrast

  3. Toxic hydrogen sulphide and dark caves: pronounced male life-history divergence among locally adapted Poecilia mexicana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlupp, Ingo

    Toxic hydrogen sulphide and dark caves: pronounced male life-history divergence among locally-mail: ruedigerriesch@web.de ª 2 0 1 0 T H E A U T H O R S . J . E V O L . B I O L . 2 4 ( 2 0 1 1 ) 5 9 6 ­ 6 0 6 596 J

  4. P450 aromatase alterations and DNA damage as avian pollution biomarkers in cliff and cave swallow breeding near the Rio Grande region, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sitzlar, Megan Annette

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    populations lacking proper water and sewage infrastructure. Cliff (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) and cave (P. fulva) swallows breeding near the Rio Grande were selected to monitor aromatase activity alterations and DNA damage. Swallows were sampled at six sites...

  5. The use of agave, sotol, and yucca at Hinds Cave, Val Verde County, Texas: reconstructing methods of processing through the formation of behavioral chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woltz, Ben vanDalsem

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Texas AgiM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1998 Major Subject: Anthropology THE USE OF AGAVE, SOTOL AND YUCCA AT HINDS CAVE, VAL VERDE COUNTY, TB3DB: RECONSTRUCTING METHODS... of Committee) C. Schmidt (Member) J n mber) V. M. Bryant (Head of ~t) December 1998 Major Subject: Anthmpology ABSTRACT The Use of Agave, Sotol and Yucca at Hinds Cave, Val Verde County, Texas: Reconstructing Methods of Processing Through...

  6. Investigations of late archaic coprolites: pollen and macrofossil remains from Hinds Cave (41VV456), Val Verde County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Sherrian Kay

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KAY EDWARDS Approved as to style and content by: aughn M. Bryant, J (+air of Comm' te r &) Merrill H. Sweet (Member) p' Vaughn M. Br ant, J (Head of Department) May 1990 ABSTRACT Investigations of Late Archaic Coprolites: Pollen... and Macrofossil Remains from Hinds Cave (41VV456), Val Verde County, Texas. (May 1990) Sherrian Ray Edwards, B. A. , University of Texas Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Vaughn M. Bryant, Jr. The analysis of desiccated human fecal material (coprolites) left...

  7. Several caves in high elevated alpine regions host massive ice fillings and underground glaciers. The age of the ice may exceed several hundred or thousand years and the ice bodies possibly have recorded paleoclimatic information. Despite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BrĂĽckl, Ewald

    of the NCA within the Eastern Alps of Europe. Yellow dots indicate locations of known ice caves, yellow stars information. The project AUSTRO*ICE*CAVES*2100 aims at investigating the extent with results from steam-drilling which did not reach the bottom of the ice, but got stuck in deep layers. Most

  8. Direct releases to the surface and associated complementary cumulative distribution functions in the 1996 performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: Cuttings, cavings and spallings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BERGLUND,J.W.; GARNER,J.W.; HELTON,JON CRAIG; JOHNSON,J.D.; SMITH,L.N.; ANDERSON,R.P.

    2000-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The following topics related to the treatment of cuttings, cavings and spallings releases to the surface environment in the 1996 performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) are presented: (1) mathematical description of models. (2) uncertainty and sensitivity analysis results arising from subjective (i.e., epistemic) uncertainty for individual releases, (3) construction of complementary cumulative distribution functions (CCDFs) arising from stochastic (i.e., aleatory) uncertainty, and (4) uncertainty and sensitivity analysis results for CCDFs. The presented results indicate that direct releases due to cuttings, cavings and spallings do not constitute a serious threat to the effectiveness of the WIPP as a disposal facility for transuranic waste. Even when the effects of uncertain analysis inputs are taken into account, the CCDFs for cuttings, cavings and spallings releases fall substantially to the left of the boundary line specified in the US Environmental Protection Agency standard for the geologic disposal of radioactive waste (40 CFR 191, 40 CFR 194).

  9. CaveMan Version 3.0: A Software System for SPR Cavern Pressure Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BALLARD,SANFORD; EHGARTNER,BRIAN L.

    2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U. S. Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve currently has approximately 500 million barrels of crude oil stored in 62 caverns solution-mined in salt domes along the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas. One of the challenges of operating these caverns is ensuring that none of the fluids in the caverns are leaking into the environment. The current approach is to test the mechanical integrity of all the wells entering each cavern approximately once every five years. An alternative approach to detecting cavern leaks is to monitor the cavern pressure, since leaking fluid would act to reduce cavern pressure. Leak detection by pressure monitoring is complicated by other factors that influence cavern pressure, the most important of which are thermal expansion and contraction of the fluids in the cavern as they come into thermal equilibrium with the host salt, and cavern volume reduction due to salt creep. Cavern pressure is also influenced by cavern enlargement resulting from salt dissolution following introduction of raw water or unsaturated brine into the cavern. However, this effect only lasts for a month or two following a fluid injection. In order to implement a cavern pressure monitoring program, a software program called CaveMan has been developed. It includes thermal, creep and salt dissolution models and is able to predict the cavern pressurization rate based on the operational history of the cavern. Many of the numerous thermal and mechanical parameters in the model have been optimized to produce the best match between the historical data and the model predictions. Future measurements of cavern pressure are compared to the model predictions, and significant differences in cavern pressure set program flags that notify cavern operators of a potential problem. Measured cavern pressures that are significantly less than those predicted by the model may indicate the existence of a leak.

  10. Mammoth Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(Held &InformationWindMali WesternGeothermal

  11. Bedrock channel response to tetonic, climatic and eustatic forcings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snyder, Noah P

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The response of bedrock channels to external forcings is investigated in this thesis. The approach is to test and constrain a theoretical model for bedrock-channel incision based on shear stress using field data. The primary ...

  12. Analysis of macroscopic fractures on Teton anticline, Northwestern Montana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinclair, Steven W.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1817 &UNCONFORMITY 174 &UNCONFORMITY 366 &UNCONFORMITY 286 &UNCONFORMITY 1536 &UNCONFORMITY 2100 Figure 4. Stratigraphy of the Sawtooth thrust province. these rocks from the thinner, shallow-marine Devonian carbonate ~ocks above. Another... minor unconformity separates the Devonian from the Lower Mississippian (Kinderhookian and Osagean series). Mississippian rocks represent a stable shelf environment with the oresence of 366 meters of shallow marine dolomites and limestones in the area...

  13. Teton County, Idaho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark Jump to: navigation,TelluricTODO:TennesseeTesseraOpen

  14. Teton County, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark Jump to: navigation,TelluricTODO:TennesseeTesseraOpenWyoming:

  15. Clean Cities: Yellowstone-Teton Clean Energy coalition

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationClean Communities of Western NewSouth ShoreWashington

  16. Teton County, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation, search Name:Texas:TersusIncMontana:

  17. Teton Village, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to: navigation, search

  18. Shallow meteoric alteration and burial diagenesis of massive dolomite in the Castle Reef Formation, northwest Montana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitsitt, Philip Mark

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ), Sawmill Creek (SC), Half Dome Crag (HDC), Morningstar Mountain (MM), Mount Field (MF), Gateway Pass (GP), North Fork of Dupuyer Creek (NFD), South Fork of Dupuyer Creek (SFD), Volcano Reef (VR), North Fork of Teton River (NFT), Teton River (TR), Cave...SHALLOW METEORIC ALTERATION AND BURIAL DIAGENESIS OF MASSIVE DOLOM I TE I N THE CASTLE REEF FORMAT I ON ~ NORTHWEST MONTANA A Thesis by PHILIP MARK WHITSITT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial...

  19. The prehistoric diet and subsistence of the lower Pecos region, as reflected in coprolites from Baker Cave, Val Verde County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobolik, Kristin Dee

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by KRISTIN DEE SOBOLIK Approved as to style and content by: V ughn M. Bryant, (Chair of Committee) D. ntry tee e (Membe ) Dav J. Schmidly (Member) Har Shafer (M er) V hn M. Bryan Jr. Head of Department) August 1988 ABSTRACT The Prehistoric Diet... and Subsistence of the Lower Pecos Region, as Reflected in Coprolites from Baker Cave, Val Verde County, Texas (August 1988) Kristin Dee Sobolik, B. S. , The University of iowa Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Vaughn N. Bryant, Jr. The lower Pecos area...

  20. A mammoth of a project: the conservation of a columbian mammoth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Shanna LaRea

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    -72, Butvar 98, Starbond EM-02, methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS), Paleo-bond, and Rhoplex (Primal) WS24. Stability, strength, and appearance were evaluated by measurable observations. The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and the Environmental Scanning...

  1. Ormat Becomes Sole Owner of the Mammoth Complex in Mammoth Lakes,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrange County is a countyIncentivesForumOriginOil

  2. Seminar Series Cave Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Steven J.

    J. Taylor Illinois Natural History Survey Institute of Natural Resource Sustainability University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Illinois Natural History Survey--Seminars Committee Refreshments humidity, stable temperature, the absence of light, low energy, and some level of isolation. Under

  3. Microbial Populations in CAVES

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject Quarterly Reports Fiscal 2010Microbial

  4. The 1989 Earthquake Swarm Beneath Mammoth Mountain, California...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mountain. Authors D.P. Hill, W.L. Ellsworth, M.J.S. Johnston, John O. Langbein, D.H. Oppenheimer, A.M. Pitt, P.A. Reasenberg, Michael L. Sorey and S.R. McNutt Published Journal...

  5. Micrometeorite Impacts in Beringian Mammoth Tusks and a Bison Skull

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagstrum, Jonathon T.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3. X—ray ?uorescence (XRF) spectra showing the compositionalMS) and X-ray ?uorescence (XRF). These analyses con?rm themicroscope (SEM) images and XRF analyses of the skull show

  6. Mammoth Geothermal, A Development History | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(Held &InformationWindMali

  7. Mammoth Pacific Geothermal Development Projects: Units II and III | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(Held &InformationWindMaliEnergy

  8. Mammoth Pacific II Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay(Held &InformationWindMaliEnergyII Geothermal

  9. Update on Mammoth Pacific, LP Operations | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTagusparkCalculator JumpUnited States:Delaware JumpNewforLP Operations

  10. Mammoth Pacific I Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECOInformationMallard LakeMalvern isMambucalI

  11. Mammoth Pacific II Power Plant Details | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECOInformationMallard LakeMalvern

  12. Exploring the Possibilities: Mammoth-Pacific Seeks Cooling Efficiency and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSan Leandro,Law andEnergyEvogyMore Steam for Geothermal

  13. The 1989 Earthquake Swarm Beneath Mammoth Mountain, California: An Initial

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump Jump to:Information 'Grand Paris' Project: Tools andLook

  14. CaveSculpture: Creating sculpture from CavePaintings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw, David

    of plaster in an additive process. Consecutive layers of plaster are "printed" with colored binder. As the layers accumulate, the model is built. Once the model is created, excess plaster is removed to withstand handling. Due to the fragility of plaster, mode

  15. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicle Rebate - Yellowstone-Teton Clean Energy Coalition The Yellowstone-Teton Clean Energy Coalition is offering a rebate for original equipment...

  16. Schmitt and Madsen: Camels Back Cave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arkush, Brooke S

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is a small north-facing cavern Thomas, David H. situated mthe southwest part of the cavern, which exposed 33 distinctTherefore, the small cavern likely contains hundreds of

  17. Pleistocene lagomorphs from Cathedral Cave, Nevada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jass, Christopher N.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for critical reviews. AER PW-PIR PW-PER LITERATURE CITEDposterointernal re- entrant (PW-PIR), and posterior wall of

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - asian elephas maximus Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in woolly mammoth hemoglobin confer biochemical Summary: sequences of African elephant (Loxodonta africana), Asian elephant (Elaphas maximus) and woolly mammoth......

  19. Six-Week Time Series Of Eddy Covariance CO2 Flux At Mammoth Mountain...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    statistical regression of EC energy fluxes (sensible and latent heat) against available energy (net radiation, less soil heat flux). While incomplete (R2 0.77 for 1:1 line),...

  20. Mammoth dams, lean neighbours: assessing the bid to turn Ethiopia into East Africa's powerhouse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuesta-Fernández, Iván

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter sets out to discuss the main features of the undergoing Ethiopian electrification programme as well as the key steps towards its implementation. Doing so also allows its potentialities and pitfalls to be ...

  1. Six-Week Time Series Of Eddy Covariance Co2 Flux At Mammoth Mountain,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardtonManagement, 2009) | Open

  2. Six-Week Time Series Of Eddy Covariance CO2 Flux At Mammoth Mountain,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to: navigation,PvtSouth Dakota) Jump to: navigation,Sitalcea

  3. Alternative Fuels Data Center

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Alternative Fuels Vehicle Rebate - Yellowstone-Teton Clean Energy Coalition The Yellowstone-Teton Clean Energy Coalition is offering a rebate of up to 3,000 towards the purchase...

  4. Glenwood Springs Vapor Caves Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    poi":true,"imageoverlays":,"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations": The following error has been detected in your syntax: * Display map Temperature No Data Listed...

  5. Bee Cave, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine:Barbers PointEnergy Information3082151°, -79.6052884°NewBedford is

  6. Other: Computer Assisted Virtual Environment - CAVE | ScienceCinema

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of theResourcecomments/rss en Great StepTechnicalScientific andSearch

  7. File:CaveProtectionLaw.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublicIDAPowerPlantSitingConstruction.pdf JumpApschem.pdf Jump to: navigation,CV TidePotential.pdf

  8. Federal Cave Resources Protection Act | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37.California: Energy Resources44795°,Fauquier County,4Opportunities

  9. Development Wells At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Holt...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ben Holt, Richard G. Campbell (1984) Mammoth Geothermal Project Environmental Science Associates (1987) Mammoth Pacific Geothermal Development Projects: Units II and III...

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - african loxodonta africana Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in woolly mammoth hemoglobin confer biochemical Summary: sequences of African elephant (Loxodonta africana), Asian elephant (Elaphas maximus) and woolly mammoth... .1038...

  11. DEPOSITIONAL FACIES AND AQUEOUS-SOLID GEOCHEMISTRY OF TRAVERTINE-DEPOSITING HOT SPRINGS (ANGEL TERRACE, MAMMOTH HOT SPRINGS, YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, U.S.A.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Jack D.

    include hot spring travertine (precipitates from high-temperature springs, also called carbonate sinters spring water in the higher-temperature (-50-73°C) depositional facies. Conversely, travertine from waters in low- to high- * Present Address: Department of Geology, Arizona State University, Box

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - al lines produced Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Medium in External Galaxies, Grand Tetons National Park, July 37 1989. Summary: . (Brand et al. 1988). The fraction of the total shocked H 2 line emission emitted through...

  13. Jan 28 Primary Productivity: Controls, Patterns, Consequences Yucatan, Mexico, Dry Subtropical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Andrew J.

    coming around to better integrate energy flow into thinking on population and community ecology History Central Surinam Reserve, Wet Tropical Grand Teton NP, Wyoming, Temperate Coniferous #12;Primary

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - azufre elemental sobre Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The cave molly, Poecilia mexicana, from the Cueva del Azufre, a sulfur cave in Tabasco, Mexico... , but mostly non-sulfidic cave (Luna Azufre). Despite apparent...

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - azufre boro molibdeno Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The cave molly, Poecilia mexicana, from the Cueva del Azufre, a sulfur cave in Tabasco, Mexico... , but mostly non-sulfidic cave (Luna Azufre). Despite apparent...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - azufre elemental pretratado Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The cave molly, Poecilia mexicana, from the Cueva del Azufre, a sulfur cave in Tabasco, Mexico... , but mostly non-sulfidic cave (Luna Azufre). Despite apparent...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - azufre elemental como Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The cave molly, Poecilia mexicana, from the Cueva del Azufre, a sulfur cave in Tabasco, Mexico... , but mostly non-sulfidic cave (Luna Azufre). Despite apparent...

  18. IGSHPA AnnualIGSHPA Annual Manufacturers UpdateManufacturers Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    October 9, 2013 #12;Howard Newton HVAC System EngineerHVAC System Engineer Mammoth Water Source Heat Pumps CES Group & Mammoth Springfield, MO · Holland, MI ·Water Source Heat Pumps Packaged Systems EdenbridgeRib Mammoth Vertical Water-to-Air Heat Pump for Space Conditioning 20 #12;Systems In The Geothermal Market New

  19. EIS-0267: BPA/Lower Valley Transmission System Reinforcement Project, Wyoming

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes BPA and LVPL proposal to construct a new 115-kV line from BPA’s Swan Valley Substation near Swan Valley in Bonneville County, Idaho about 58 km (36 miles) east to BPA’s Teton Substation near Jackson in Teton County, Wyoming.

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - alum cave bluff Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis and Concepts to Address Electric Infrastructure Needs Summary: Young@Praxair.com 5. Alan Berscheid LANL abersch@lanl.gov 6. Tom Sheahen SAIC tsheahen@alum.mit.edu...

  1. Particulate Scrubbing Performance of the High Level Caves Off-Gas System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, G.T.

    2001-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance tests were conducted at the ETF using off-gas from the Small Cylindrical Melter (SCM) -2. The purpose of these tests was to develop data for comparing small and full scale equipment performance. This reports discusses those test results.

  2. Sherpa Buddhists on a Regional Pilgrimage: The Case of Maritika Cave at Halase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, Eberhard

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -la-shes, one is assured of not being reborn in one of the bad rcalms. As soon as one hears (of its vinues), one is purified from the five sinful acts and pollutions." - Apan from this it should be kept in mind that the framework of the investigation presented... filling pupil' to come through the air, to manifest himself to her and to give het...

  3. Geek-Up[10.22.2010]: Exploring the CAVE, Electrical Links to...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    so detailed that by acting as virtual cliff climbers they can examine flow paths and sediment deposits underneath the earth's surface, important clues to determining the success...

  4. Response of a modern cave system to large seasonal precipitation variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montañez, Isabel Patricia

    , and responds within hours to storm events during the height of the rainy season. Rainwater and drip water d18 O source influences rainwater isotopes through individual storm events, it has less influence on drip water of calcite precipitation upflow from the drip water collection site (prior calcite precipitation) occurs

  5. A Hydrological Model of Harrington Sound, Bermuda and its Surrounding Cave Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffer, Jonathan L

    2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    of Bermuda?s land mass is depicted in Fig. 1.2. The oldest limestone, the Walsingham formation, dates from the early Pleistocene and is found primarily in the isthmus separating Harrington Sound from Castle Harbour (Fig. 1.2). This is where most of Bermuda... of the island, the St. Georges system just below St. George on the north east side of the island, the Castle Harbour system located between Bermuda?s northern islands and its main island, and Harrington Sound, a inshore water body in east central Bermuda...

  6. Time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography applied to cave sustainability (Barbados) and groundwater exploration (Saint Lucia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agramakova, Yulia

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we apply the method of two-dimensional time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (2D time-lapse ERT) for two different problems. In the first problem, we monitor the structural stability of the roof of the ...

  7. Archaeological Investigations at Pintwater Cave, Nevada, During the 1963-64 Field Season

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buck, Paul E; DuBarton, Anne

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pological Papers No. 93, Beatley, J. C, 1976 Vascular PlantsDesert scrub communities (Beatley 1976; Brown et al. 1979).

  8. Population size and contaminant exposure of bats using caves on Fort Hood Military Base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Land, Tarisha Ann

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Female Male Female Male Female Reproductive Data Lactatin 22 Each sample was placed in a chemically cleaned glass jar and sealed with paraffin tape and transported to GERG for analysis. RESULTS Residue values listed as I = &mdl, I... in the United States since 1986, prior to which it was used as a pesticide to control insects, rodents, and birds. Compared to other organochlorines, endrin has a relatively short half-life in tissues of mammals (Cole et aL 1970, Brooks 1974). Lethal endrin...

  9. Small mammal faunal stasis in Natural Trap Cave (Pleistocene-Holocene), Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Daniel Ryan

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (100 ka-recent) that spans the last glacial cycle, large portions of which are replicated in local rockshelters, which is used here to test for local causes of stasis. The Quaternary fauna of North America is relatively well sampled and dated, so...

  10. Glenwood Springs Vapor Caves Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Open EnergyAmendments Jump| Open

  11. Analysis of the ecology of Anchialine Caves using carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohlman, John William

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    more than I could ever list here. If you have ever been there with me during one of those moments of discovery, you have made my life more special. Thank you. Without a good foundation, a fire, no matter how brilliant, flashes and fades... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . 4 9 12 13 14 15 16 19 21 MOTIVATION FOR RESEARCH . Characterize a Novel Ecosystem . . New Application for Stable Isotopes in Ecology . . . . . Access an Environmentally Sensitive Resource . 23 23 24 STUDY SITE. 26 Mayan Blue Cenote...

  12. Report of a three-year monitoring programme at Heshang Cave, Central China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Chaoyong; Henderson, Gideon; Huang, Junhua; Chen, Zhenghong; Johnson, Kathleen

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    intervals using a hand-held thermometer incorporated in athe logger and hand-held thermometer are observed, however,relative to the handheld thermometer. These differences are

  13. BIOLOGY OF UNDERWATER CAVES by Tom IlifJe, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    to the subterranean River Styx which from Greek mythology circles through Hades or the underworld. Thus, stygobites

  14. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND SCIENTIFIC DIVING SAFETY MANUAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    ............................................................................................................................ 43 Section 13 Scientific Cave and Cavern Diving Standard

  15. Revision and Phylogenetic Analysis of the North American Antlion Genus Paranthaclisis Banks (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diehl, Benjamin

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    : Emery, Garfield, Grand, Juab, Kane, Salt Lake, San Juan, Uintah, Washington; Washington: Benton, Chelan, Douglas, Grant, Okanogan; Wyoming [New State Record]: Park or Teton (“Yellowstone Park”). MEXICO: Baja California [Norte]: Ensenada, Mexicali...

  16. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Payette Co. Douglas Co. Teton Co. Elmore Co. Madison Co. Harney Co. Blaine Co. Camas Co. Canyon Co. Coos Co. Ada Co. Bonneville Co. Klamath Co. Bingham Co. Lake Co. Owyhee Co....

  17. CX-012232: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Swan Valley-Teton Overhead Fiber Line Install CX(s) Applied: B4.6 Date: 06/02/2014 Location(s): Idaho Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  18. Exploratory Boreholes At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Exploration Technique Exploratory Boreholes Activity Date 1992 - 2002 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Mammoth Pacific LP drilled several...

  19. Oxygen Isotope Evidence For Past And Present Hydrothermal Regimes...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to exist beneath the western moat, perhaps beneath Mammoth Mountain. Authors Brian M. Smith and Gene A. Suemnicht Published Journal Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal...

  20. Molecular Ecology (2008) 17, 598610 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03595.x 2007 The Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quaternary climate change had a strong impact on the geographical distribution and demographic history Ecology, Ural Division of RAS, Yekaterinburg, Russia, World Museum of Mammoth, Yakutsk 677007, Russia

  1. Craig Thomas Discovery & Visitor Center

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Moose, WY Grand Teton National Park's rugged landscape and stunning array of wildlife attract nearly three million visitors every year, making it one of our most popular national parks. A new Grand Teton National Park visitor center near the park's headquarters north of Jackson, Wyoming, replaces an outdated building, educates an increased number of visitors, and inspires further exploration of this extraordinary landscape. The project site is located along the Snake River, between a riparian forest and a sagebrush meadow.

  2. The role of macroalgal species as bio-indicators of water quality in bermudian karstic cave pools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Bridget Marie

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Cryptonemia sp. had low but positive growth. A significant decrease in biomass occurred with C. racemosa and C. sertularioides. Primary productivity was measured using the traditional light dark bottle method. Differences in net productivity and respiration...

  3. Testing Stratigraphic Integrity of Upper and Middle Paleolithic Deposits in Vindija Cave (Croatia): A Chipped Stone Refitting Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruner, Kale

    2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    : the wide-ranging Aurignacian techno-complex (Brantingham et al 2004a, Hays and Thacker 2001). The stratigraphic integrity and interpretation of the cultural materials and human skeletal remains from Level G1 at Vindija is a source of debate (d?Erico et... al 1998, Zilh?o and d?Erico 1999a, Karavani? and Smith 2000, Straus 1999). Artifacts from Level G1 include both Middle and Upper Paleolithic stone tool types (Karavani? 1995, Karavani? and Smith 1998) including a bifacial foliate point of possible...

  4. Hemp in ancient rope and fabric from the Christmas Cave in Israel: talmudic background and DNA sequence identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Terence M.; Ben-Yehuda, Nahum; Taylor, R.E.; Southon, John R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    microscopy: ?ax, nettle/ramie, hemp, jute. UltramicroscopyL. Journal of the International Hemp Association. 5, 80e92.analysis of an archaeological hemp (Cannabis sativa L. ) DNA

  5. Folding Protein-Like Structures with Open Gemma B. Danks, Susan Stepney, and Leo S. D. Caves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stepney, Susan

    protein is a strong indicator of its function in the cell. The mechanisms involved in protein folding. The protein folding process may be viewed as an emergent phenomenon, a result of underlying physics. In this spirit we present a model for investigating protein folding using open L-systems, local rewriting rules

  6. An Ecological and Biogeochemical Characterization of a Subterranean Estuary in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haukebo, Sepp Leif

    2014-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    physicochemical boundaries characterize anchialine caves, a subset of subterranean estuaries. This study serves as a biogeochemical and ecological characterization of Sistema Crustacea, an anchialine cave in the Yucatan Peninsula with dense populations of cave...

  7. A new and morphologically distinct population of cavernicolous Poecilia mexicana (Poeciliidae: Teleostei)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlupp, Ingo

    Abstract The cave molly, Poecilia mexicana, from the Cueva del Azufre, a sulfur cave in Tabasco, Mexico, in the state of Tabasco, Mexico (Gordon and Rosen 196

  8. 22. G. J. Demaison, E. T. Moore, Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 8, 1179 (1980).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asmerom, Yemane

    -series (U-series) dating of stalagmites. These stalagmites, from Carlsbad Cavern and Hidden Cave, Guadalupe

  9. Monitoring for Chronic Wasting Disease in Mule Deer and White-tailed Deer at Wind Cave National Park: Investigating an Emerging Epizootic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was now part of a larger scientific family tree that included some rather prominent people in wildlife will try to be brief with the rest. I would like to thank my committee members: Dr. R. Terry Bowyer, Idaho State University. Terry was an inspiration in productivity and scientific rigor. He provided support

  10. Chemical and Isotopic Composition of Casa Diablo Hot Spring:...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Composition of Casa Diablo Hot Spring: Magmatic CO2 near Mammoth Lakes, CA Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Chemical and...

  11. annual update volumes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Water-to-Air Heat Pump for Space Conditioning 20 12;Systems In The Geothermal Market New October 9, 2013 12;Howard Newton HVAC System EngineerHVAC System Engineer Mammoth Water...

  12. Bioe C144L/C244L Lab 7: Functional Site Identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sjölander, Kimmen

    : http://phylogenomics.berkeley.edu/INTREPID/ Evolutionary Trace: http://mammoth.bcm.tmc.edu/report_maker/ Catalytic Site Atlas: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/thornton-srv/databases/CSA/ Protein Data Bank: http

  13. The Method of Distributed Volumetric Sources for Forecasting the Transient and Pseudo-steady State Productivity of Multiple Transverse Fractures Intersected by a Horizontal Well

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Diangeng

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    level of the fossil-fuel recovery challenge. The mammoth volume and long-term potential of coalbed methane (CBM), tight gas, and hydrate resources are driving technical progress. Attractive gas prices in North America and unprecedented interest... In an era of declining production and increasing demand, economically producing gas from unconventional sources is the next level of the fossil-fuel recovery challenge. 6 The mammoth volume and long-term potential of coalbed methane (CBM), tight gas...

  14. Upper Snake Provincial Assessment May 2004 APPENDIX 3-1--OVERVIEW OF THE MAJOR CAUSES LIMITING THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Upper Snake­Rock, Portneuf, Blackfoot, Willow, Teton, Beaver­Camas, and the Upper and Lower Henrys Fork province. (Source: ICBEMP 1997.) Major Hydrologic Unit (Watershed)a Snake Headwaters Subbasin Relative province. (Source GAP II, Scott et al. 2002) Focal Habitat Type High Low Medium Very High Very Low Riparian

  15. The Holarctic Hacklemesh Spider Genus Callobius (Araneae: Amaurobiidae): Morphology, Systematics, and Population Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lew, Stephen Ellis

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of terminals from Mt. Ashland in Josephine County, Oregon, a6 Not recovered Not recovered Mt. Ashland Not recovered Cave2.02, Cave Junction, Mt. Ashland). All of these exemplars

  16. LIMBO/VTK: A Tool for Rapid Tele-Immersive Visualization Jason Leigh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    . Keywords: Virtual Reality, VTK, VR, Collaborative, Distributive, CAVE, CAVERN 1 Introduction We define. This form of col- laborative research is but only part of the goal of Tele-Immersion. CAVERN (CAVE Research

  17. The Use of Stable and Radiocarbon Isotopes as a Method for Delineating Sources of Organic Matter in Anchialine Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neisch, Julie A

    2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    productivity areas such as mangroves and tropical forests. Adjacent ecosystems contribute organic carbon to the cave systems via percolation, where it is then utilized by the obligate, cave-dwelling fish and invertebrates. Another potential pathway through...

  18. Cavern Protection (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is public policy of the state to provide for the protection of caves on or under Texas lands. For the purposes of this legislation, “cave” means any naturally occurring subterranean cavity, and...

  19. Cordage Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veldmeijer, André J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The "rope cave" at Mersa/Wadi Gawasis. (Submitted to Journalfound in Cave 5 at Mersa/Wadi Gawasis. Photo courtesy ofExpedition at Mersa/Wadi Gawasis. Figure 5. Various types of

  20. International Student Services Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of the West Indies at Cave Hill Belgium Université Libre de Bruxelles* Solvay Brussels School

  1. '-> print _ profile VIRTUAL DA VINCI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw, David

    ? Are the caves just about fancier videogames, or better cyber-porn? Well sure. As with most technological

  2. Vision System for Wing Beat Analysis of Bats in the Wild Mikhail Breslav1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Betke, Margrit

    from a cave in Texas, recorded with a thermal infrared cam- era. Our FLIR SC8000 camera records 14-bit

  3. HANDBOOK FOR DIVING SAFETY School of Marine Science and Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for rebreathers. March 2006 April 2006 Section 13.00 Added new section for cave and cavern diving. Section 11

  4. HPCAsia '98 Preliminary STAR TAP Tele-Immersion Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    for their colleagues who can then replay them as a full audio, video and gestural stream. CAVERN (the CAVE Research

  5. COMMUNICATIONS IN NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING Commun. Numer. Meth. Engng 2009; 25:185200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peirce, Anthony

    quarries [4, 6], waste disposal [7, 8], remediation of contaminated soils [9­11], cave inducement in mining

  6. In the name of GodIn the name of God Porosity Development inPorosity Development in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    Halocline (R. Palmer, 1985; Mylroie, 1988)(R. Palmer, 1985; Mylroie, 1988) nn Mixing zoneMixing zone (Smart et al., 1988; Sanford and Konikow, 1989)(Smart et al., 1988; Sanford and Konikow, 1989) #12;This zone al., 1991 (volume in cubic meter)1991 (volume in cubic meter) nn Caves point West caveCaves point

  7. Now we're going to talk about one of a problem that has fascinated humans since we were cave dwellers. No, not how to make a decent club to thump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutsch, Josh

    . Eventually technology progressed to the time of Tycho Brahe, where he convinced the king of Denmark

  8. Modern stalagmite oxygen isotopic composition and its implications of climatic change from a high-elevation cave in the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau over the past 50 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    appeared in southern China, where solar insolation decreaseddicate that the solar radiation in China monsoon regions isdownwelling surface solar radiation in China from National

  9. Modern stalagmite oxygen isotopic composition and its implications of climatic change from a high-elevation cave in the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau over the past 50 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Yuan D X, Qin J M, et al. Oxygen and carbon isotopic charac-R L, Wang X F, et al. Oxygen isotopic records of stalagmitesVerlag Modern stalagmite oxygen isotopic composition and its

  10. E-Print Network Topics: W

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    weyl field weyl group cp weyl group multiple weyl ordered integration weyl unified theory wez und schweissgut wezlow chlonnych szyi wezmeh cave kermanshah wfc3 early release...

  11. analyse des niveaux: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Grotte Materials Science Websites Summary: of stratigraphic levels and pedogenesis (Angel Cave, Spain) A. Djerrab1, I. Hedley2, P. Camps3, S. Abdessadok4, C magntique,...

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - agglutinin-like sequence als Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: , the complete mito- chondrial genomes of 31 cave bears could be sequenced (Stiller et al., 2009). Could the same... DNA A method that allows precise capture of...

  13. CAES Home

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FAQs Affiliated Centers Research Core Capabilities Laboratories and Equipment Technology Transfer Visualization CAVE Working in CAES Newsroom Publications In the News Archive...

  14. JOURNAL OF CRUSTACEAN BIOLOGY, 25(1): 4974, 2005 NEW SPECIES OF AMPHIPOD CRUSTACEANS IN THE GENERA TEGANO AND MELITA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    TEGANO AND MELITA (HADZIOIDEA: MELITIDAE) FROM SUBTERRANEAN GROUNDWATERS IN GUAM, PALAU Island, Bohol, Philippines, and one from a cave on Peleliu Island, Palau. Sriha vagabunda from Sri Lanka

  15. Intensities for the Four Largest Shocks of the New Madrid Earthquake Sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agnew, Duncan C

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    structures; widespread cracking; sunk ground; time inferredbreakage of tree limbs; sunk ground; widespread bank caving.Clocks affected? (s/-): k: sunk ground s: clocks start or

  16. Designs Mutually unbiased bases 2-designs from bases Open problems Optimal complex projective designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cameron, Peter

    . Theorem (Renes, Blume-Kohout, Scott, Caves '03) For any finite X , 1 |X|2 u,vX |u v|2t d + t - 1 t -1

  17. Rock Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huyge, Dirk

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    boat representation. Wadi Abu Subeira. Photograph by thein the Eastern Desert. Wadi Barramiya. Probably Naqada II.hand stencils from Wadi el-Obeiyd Cave. Farafra Oasis.

  18. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    this work by providing geothermal water, power, logistical support of all kinds, approximately 20 mandays PILOTSCALE GEOTHERMAL SILICA RECOVERY AT MAMMOTH LAKES MAY 2009 CEC5002009077 Prepared for: California Geothermal Fluids. California Energy Commission, PIER Renewables Research Technologies Program. CEC5002009

  19. Partition Based Cascaded Generator Scheduling with Constraints for Large Power Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    must be revisited. In this paper, we focus on the generator scheduling problem in smart grid comprehensive view for planning in the smart grid. Given the mammoth size of the power networks, we propose]. In addition, the smart grid vision in- corporates consumer-driven and regulator-driven policies

  20. The average person sheds 40 pounds of skin during his or her lifetime. That's the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Q: MSU N 19 o. The average person sheds 40 pounds of skin during his or her lifetime. That whether they are facts or opinions. Fact or opinion? A fact is something that can be tested. An opinion is something that someone thinks or believes. 1. Wooly mammoths are extinct. fact opinion 2. Ear wax can

  1. TREE vol. 6, no. 1, January 1991 Ice-age Ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauder, George V.

    and boggy, unproductive tundra - was aridity. The complex climatic changes of the ice ages produced lowerTREE vol. 6, no. 1, January 1991 Ice-age Ecology FrozenFaunaof the Mammoth Steppe: the Story that existed across much of Europe, Northern Asia and North America during the ice ages, supporting an abundant

  2. HYDROMECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION FOR SITE SELECTION IN CO2 PERMANENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politčcnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    -BarcelonaTech), Barcelona, Spain 3 Energy City Foundation (CIUDEN), Spanish Government CO2 Geological Storage Programme (Vilarrasa et al., 2011, Energy Procedia) Trees killed by CO2 leakage in Mammoth Mountains (Farrar et al EQUATIONS Mass conservation equation Darcy's law Momentum balance Effective stress Hooke's law (linear

  3. Scott Nooner Work Address

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nooner, Scott

    radiation damage in alkali halide crystals, 7/94 to 6/96 · Lab Assistant, Hendrix College Physics Dept., 8 · 7/00 Installation of a Fiber Optic Infrasound Sensor, Pinyon Flats, CA · 9/00 Gravity survey of Long Valley Caldera, Mammoth Lakes, CA · 7/01 Installation of a Fiber Optic Borehole Strainmeter in the LVEW

  4. Sarawak Forestry Department Mulu guides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobb, Kim

    & Gunung Buda (4N, 115E) -fieldtrips in October, 2003 March, 2005 -rainwater, dripwater collection program Park Temporal variations in rainwater and dripwater geochemistry in Malaysian caves #12;Camp 5 Buda;Timeseries of rainwater and cave dripwater 18 O 18 O()SMOW -12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 Buda dripwaters Long Napir

  5. Research Article Survival of Pronghorns in Western South Dakota

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , cause-specific mortality, predation, pronghorn, South Dakota, survival, Wind Cave National Park, SD 57007, USA DANIEL E. RODDY, Wind Cave National Park, 26611 United States Highway 385, Hot Springs of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA ABSTRACT Survival and cause-specific mortality of pronghorns (Antilocapra

  6. 15 days from $5,896 total price from Boston, New York ($5,195 air & land inclusive plus $701 airline taxes and departure fees)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    to the Pyrénées, Carcassonne boasts battlements and ramparts dating to the 1st -century Romans. We return Valley. We travel on to Sarlat-la-Canéda, one of France's prettiest villages and one of Europe's best pre the Caves at Lascaux II, the reproductions of the original pre-historic cave paintings found nearby. After

  7. CONTRIBUTION TO THE IUYOWLEDGE OF -MYSIDACEA FROM WESTERN PACIFIC: ABEROMYSIS MURANOI N. GEN., N. SP.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    . SP. AND PALAUMYSIS SIMONAE N. GEN., N . SP. FROM MARINE CAVES ON PALAU, MICRONESIA by MIHAI BXCESCU and TAOMASM. ILIFFE On Ctudie une petite collection de MysidacCs des grottes marines de l'archipel Palau de l of the authors (Dr. T. Iliffe) led an ex~editionto the cavesI on Palau archipelago, Micronesia (map 1) collecting

  8. New Ostracoda (Halocyprida: Thaumatocyprididae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    in the Bahamas, Palau, and Mexico LOUIS S. KORNICKER and THOMAS M. ILIFFE SMITHSONIAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO ZOOLOGY (Halocyprida: Thaumatocyprididae and Halocyprididae) from Anchialine Caves in the Bahamas, Palau, and Mexico and Halocypridididae) from Anchialine Caves in the Bahamas, Palau, and Mexico. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology

  9. 1/12/14 World's Smallest "Micro" Wind Turbine Can Charge Your Smartphone & Power Your Home www.offgridworld.com/worlds-smallest-micro-wind-turbine-can-charge-your-smartphone-power-your-home/ 1/3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    . This means the walls could generate power as well as your roof, which would be covered in solar panels. This would be a phenomenal wind/solar energy platform which could generate more than enough to power your... Subscribe Recent Posts Cave Palace Ranch: Solar Powered Cave Dwelling Is Truly A Palace! Hidden Camera

  10. Reversible immortalization of Nestin-positive precursor cells from pancreas and differentiation into insulin-secreting cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, Pei; Li, Li; Qi, Hui [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China)] [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China); Zhou, Han-xin [Department of General Surgery, First Hospital (Shenzhen Second People's Hospital) of Shenzhen University, 518020 Shenzhen (China)] [Department of General Surgery, First Hospital (Shenzhen Second People's Hospital) of Shenzhen University, 518020 Shenzhen (China); Deng, Chun-yan [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China)] [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China); Li, Fu-rong, E-mail: frli62@yahoo.com [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China) [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China); Shenzhen Institution of Gerontology, 518020 Shenzhen (China)

    2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The NPPCs from mouse pancreas were isolated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Tet-on system for SV40 large in NPPCs was used to get RINPPCs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The RINPPCs can undergo at least 80 population doublings without senescence. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The RINPPCs can be induced to differentiate into insulin-producing cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The combination of GLP-1 and sodium butyrate promoted the differentiation process. -- Abstract: Pancreatic stem cells or progenitor cells posses the ability of directed differentiation into pancreatic {beta} cells. However, these cells usually have limited proliferative capacity and finite lifespan in vitro. In the present study, Nestin-positive progenitor cells (NPPCs) from mouse pancreas that expressed the pancreatic stem cells or progenitor cell marker Nestin were isolated to obtain a sufficient number of differentiated pancreatic {beta} cells. Tet-on system for SV40 large T-antigen expression in NPPCs was used to achieve reversible immortalization. The reversible immortal Nestin-positive progenitor cells (RINPPCs) can undergo at least 80 population doublings without senescence in vitro while maintaining their biological and genetic characteristics. RINPPCs can be efficiently induced to differentiate into insulin-producing cells that contain a combination of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and sodium butyrate. The results of the present study can be used to explore transplantation therapy of type I diabetes mellitus.

  11. The Supreme Triumph of the Surgeon's Art': Narrative History of Endocrine Surgery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiger, Martha A.; Shen, Wen T.; Felger, Erin A.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the fallout from the Chernobyl nuclear accident as childrenis estimated that the Chernobyl fallout will produce 16,0002 Cave, A. J. E. , 34, 35 Chernobyl nuclear accident, 155

  12. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Histoplasma capsulatum and Pneumocystis spp.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    as a probable reservoir and disperser; however, the co-infection of bats with both of these microorganisms has found in bat guano accumulated in confined spaces such as caves and abandoned mines and buildings

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Genetic diversity in a reintroduced swift fox population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    State University, Brookings, SD 57006, USA G. M. Schroeder Wind Cave National Park, 26611 U.S. Highway depression and subsequent reduced fecundity, increased mortality, reduced adaptability, and physical

  14. Intraspecific relationships among the stygobitic shrimp Typhlatya mitchelli, by analyzing sequence data from mitochondrial DNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Michael Scott

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Field Work All scientific dives conducted during the course of this research followed rules and regulations set forth by the National Speleological Society ? Cave Diving Section and the American Academy of Underwater Sciences (see Appendix A for more...

  15. CAVERN: A Distributed Architecture for Supporting Scalable Persistence and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    CAVERN: A Distributed Architecture for Supporting Scalable Persistence and InteroperabilityFanti Electronic Visualization Laboratory University of Illinois at Chicago Abstract: CAVERN, the CAVE Research is the common collaborative software architecture for CAVERN. CAVERNsoft uses light-weight distributed data

  16. 0018-9162/99/$10.00 1999 IEEE66 Computer n collaborative virtual reality (VR), the goal is to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    of our users are members of Cavern-- the CAVE Research Network (http://www.evl.uic.edu/ cavern to support collaborative work among Cavern users without having them worry about the details of sustaining

  17. Allan J. Dyson: Managing the UCSC Library, 1979-2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyson, Allan J.; Reti, Irene; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    there are underground caverns. Limestone . . . Reti: Yes.they bridged the caved-in cavern by putting the pillars inthere was a giant limestone cavern underneath and they had

  18. Issues in the Design of a Flexible Distributed Architecture for Supporting Persistence and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    @eecs.uic.edu http://www.eecs.uic.edu/~tom Abstract: CAVERN, the CAVE Research Network, is an alliance of industrial, and scientific visualization. CAVERNsoft is the collaborative software backbone for CAVERN. CAVERNsoft uses

  19. CAVERNsoft G2: A Toolkit for High Performance Tele-Immersive Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    Chicago, IL 60607, USA 1 312 996 3002 cavern@evl.uic.edu ABSTRACT This paper describes the design, networking, database management, collaboration and high performance computing. CAVERN, the CAVE Research

  20. Hypogenic contribution to speleogenesis in a predominant epigenic karst system: A case study from the Venetian Alps, Italy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    the Venetian Alps, Italy Nicola Tisato a, , Francesco Sauro b , Stefano M. Bernasconi a , Rolf H.C. Bruijn Frasassi, Monte Cucco and Acqua santa Terme caves (Galdenzi and Menichetti, 1995; Galdenzi, 1997

  1. Research Scholarship, Collaboration, and Outreach at Northwestern University ISEN Collaborates to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottino, Julio M.

    and smart-grid technology. 28 Connecting Caves to Coral Reefs Patricia Beddows, left, is exploring. 16 Solving the Last Mile The integration of traffic congestion and predictive modeling has positioned

  2. adolescentes mexicanas influencia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Translocation of cave fish (Poecilia mexicana) within and between natural habitats along a Environmental Sciences...

  3. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, Oct. 2007, p. 61726180 Vol. 73, No. 19 0099-2240/07/$08.00 0 doi:10.1128/AEM.00393-07

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with secondary features such as stalactites and sta- lagmites, which, as with ice cores and tree rings, can serve with geothermally warmed gases and steam to produce "vapor caves." The vapor/aerosol can be rich not only in water

  4. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology | Vol. 32, No. 1 (2012) | pp. 4764 Chemical Composition, Mineralogy,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Composition, Mineralogy, and Physical Structure of Pigments on Arrow and Dart Fragments from Gypsum Cave), and electron microprobe (EM) to determine their chemical composition, mineralogy, and physical structure pigments. Although variation in composition and mineralogy suggests some degree of experimentation

  5. Jonah Unbound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonov, Leonid Vladimir

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    being placed on a caved-in BMW, the remaining evidence of aaround until he could see her BMW pulling out of its parkingthe driveway, the same white BMW they'd taken to Playa del

  6. Bull. Fish Biol. 14 (1/2) Bulletin of Fish Biology Volume 14 Nos. 1/2 30.12.2013 61-73

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlupp, Ingo

    sh that has colonized two cave sys- tems in the southern state of Tabasco, Mexico. Unlike many Mexikos (Tabasco) zwei Höhlen besiedelt hat. Anders als viele andere obligate Höh- lenbewohner sind diese

  7. Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Construction Cost Reductions through the Use of Virtual Environments - Task 4 Report: Virtual Mockup Maintenance Task Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timothy Shaw; Anthony Baratta; Vaughn Whisker

    2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Task 4 report of 3 year DOE NERI-sponsored effort evaluating immersive virtual reality (CAVE) technology for design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning and training for next generation nuclear power plants. Program covers development of full-scale virtual mockups generated from 3D CAD data presented in a CAVE visualization facility. This report focuses on using Full-scale virtual mockups for nuclear power plant training applications.

  8. Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Construction Cost Reductions through the Use of Virtual Environments - Task 5 Report: Generation IV Reactor Virtual Mockup Proof-of-Principle Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timothy Shaw; Anthony Baratta; Vaughn Whisker

    2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Task 5 report is part of a 3 year DOE NERI-sponsored effort evaluating immersive virtual reality (CAVE) technology for design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning and training for next generation nuclear power plants. Program covers development of full-scale virtual mockups generated from 3D CAD data presented in a CAVE visualization facility. Created a virtual mockup of PBMR reactor cavity and discussed applications of virtual mockup technology to improve Gen IV design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning.

  9. HAPPENING THIS WEEK NEWSLETTER FOR OCTOBER 14th -OCTOBER 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    aNd BiOdiESEL, diSCUSSiNg aLTERNaTiVE FUEL USE iN COLd CLimaTES. ThE paNEL WiLL iNCLUdE: maTThEW Shi OF SOLaR ENERgy -Wednesdays frOm 2:30 pm tO 4:30 pm betWeen Oct 22 and nOV 19. $62.50 WOnderLUst membersOdiESEL JESSE ThERiEN, FULL CiRCLE BiOdiESEL aLiCia COx, yELLOWSTONE-TETON CLEaN ENERgy COaLiTiON, ExECUTiVE di

  10. Science and technology review: June 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Failor, B.; Stull, S. [eds.

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first feature article is a survey of four research projects showing how theory and modeling efforts by scientist in the Chemistry and Materials Science Directorate at LLNL are advancing the understanding of the property of materials with consideration of underlying structures. The second feature article discusses Livermore and DOE`s Oakland Operations Office teaming up to decontaminate, decommission, and close out--on time and under budget--the Ann Arbor Inertial Confinement Fusion Facility in Michigan. Two research highlights on Mammoth Mountain CO{sub 2} mystery and osteoporosis are also included.

  11. Newsfront 25 June - 1 July 2007, Issue 22

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    large cost reductions occur for powerhouse and machinery costs. This fundamental consider- ation is at the root of the large cost reductions that occur at higher heads." Needless to mention that the lower investment cost means the generation cost... of the electricity would also be less. By comparison with the mammoth 10,800 MW Karnali Chisapani Project the firm head of the Upper Karnali Storage Project would be almost two times greater. It can be derived based on stage A optimisation study data of the World...

  12. Breeding Experiments with Blackberries and Raspberries.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ness, H. (Helge)

    1925-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    second generation. Mammoth X Dallas Fz and Fa: The seed were sown October 14, 1913. An Fa generation of several hundred individuals grew to be potted off, but only ninety-three reached bearing age in the field. The nctes talren during May and June...; the characters of Rzcbus rubrisetus were especially evident. Further work with them was, therefore, abandoned. [Logan X (Mamnrsth X Dallas) F,] F1: Flowers on several individ- uals of 3,Tammoth X Dallas F1 weye pollinated with the Logan berry April 11, 1913...

  13. PAWTUCKETSTREET B R OA DWAY S T R E E T

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    PAWTUCKETSTREET B R OA DWAY S T R E E T MA R G INA L S T R E E T PAW TUC K E T B LVD. R T. 113 MAMMOTH R OAD UNIVE R S ITY AVE TO E A S T ME A DOW L A NE S C HOOL S T R E E T S C HOOL S TR E E T S AL E M S TR E E T V F W HIG HWAY R IVER SID E ST. F R . MOR IS S E T T E B LVD PE R K INS S T

  14. Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Construction Cost Reductions through the Use of Virtual Environments - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timothy Shaw; Anthony Baratta; Vaughn Whisker

    2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Final report of 3 year DOE NERI-sponsored effort evaluating immersive virtual reality (CAVE) technology for design review, construction planning, and maintenance planning and training for next generation nuclear power plants. Program covers development of full-scale virtual mockups generated from 3D CAD data presented in a CAVE visualization facility. Mockups applied to design review of AP600/1000, Construction planning for AP 600, and AP 1000 maintenance evaluation. Proof of concept study also performed for GenIV PBMR models.

  15. PHOENIX NATURAL GAS LIMITED PRICE DETERMINATION REFERENCE Disclosures of interest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard Taylor

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Member disclosures Martin Cave (Group Chairman) is a joint academic director of a Brussels-based think tank on regulation called CERRE (www.cerre.eu). This has occupied about ten days per year, mostly attending seminars in Brussels with regulators and regulatees. Another joint academic director is Prof C Waddams. They have not collaborated on any research projects, but he has chaired a panel which she was on. He has co-written a general book, or textbook, on regulation, which includes chapters on price control. The index lists three brief references to energy regulation: Baldwin, Cave &

  16. 22. Kasting, J. F., Pollack, J. B. & Ackerman, T. P. Response of Earth's atmosphere to increases in solar flux and implications for loss of water from Venus. Icarus 57, 335355 (1984).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eizirik, Eduardo

    ............................................................................................................................................................................. The highly endangered solenodons, endemic to Cuba (Solenodon cubanus) and Hispaniola (S. paradoxus), comprise as tectonic forces separated Cuba and Hispaniola3,4 . Efforts to prevent extinction of the two surviving and Hispaniola to elevations of 2,000 m, and shelter in caves, crevices, logs and extensive tunnel networks

  17. Strontium isotope evidence of Neanderthal mobility at the site of Lakonis, Greece using laser-ablation PIMMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Tanya M.

    Strontium isotope evidence of Neanderthal mobility at the site of Lakonis, Greece using laser the measurement of strontium isotope ratios in tooth enamel using laser- ablation, which allows us to use much in a coastal limestone cave, yet the strontium isotope values indicate the enamel was formed while

  18. The Effect of Ashe Juniper Removal on Groundwater Recharge in the Edwards Aquifer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazan, Roberto

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    in response to simulated rainfall events. In 2004, simulations were conducted over the cave to measure recharge rates with a dense Ashe juniper canopy. The data and observations from the initial simulations were used to establish a baseline with the juniper...

  19. Protein folding with stochastic L-systems Gemma Danks1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stepney, Susan

    Protein folding with stochastic L-systems Gemma Danks1 , Susan Stepney1 and Leo Caves1 1 University-like structures. Models of protein folding vary in complexity and the amount of prior knowledge they contain). The energy landscape theory of protein folding (Onuchic et al., 1997) predicts a rugged funnel-like energy

  20. Abstracts EuroDendro 2004 [P] Poster [L] Lecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in written sources. One of the major items of the celebration program is the reconstruction of the Vilnius sylvestris L. Mature trees were preferred. An average length of tree ring sequences of the measured samples establishing dating and cross-dating of the coffins. Ban Bo Kri Cave and Ban Rai Rock shelters were the study

  1. ReseaRch at the University of Maryland Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    -wing vehicles that can monitor atmospheric data without using fossil fuels. J. Sean Humbert tests autonomous varieties of autonomous aerial vehicles, and new ways of utilizing them, offer the potential for making for autonomous bio-inspired micro-vehicles capable of penetrating caves and tunnels, and of reducing the human

  2. Moving the Massachusetts Masses: Boston's Subway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    inexpensive, the cars were slow and overcrowded. Seven dif- ferent horsecar companies converged on downtown End Street Railway Company with Henry M. Whitney as its president. By 1893 both Whitney and city of timber brac- es. The braces kept the excavated walls from caving in. #12;power. Although the electric

  3. Species-specific responses of Late Quaternary megafauna to climate and humans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzen, Eline D.; Nogué s-Bravo, David; Orlando, Ludovic; Weinstock, Jaco; Binladen, Jonas; Marske, Katharine A.; Ugan, Andrew; Borregaard, Michael K.; Gilbert, M. Thomas P.; Nielsen, Rasmus; Ho, Simon Y. W.; Goegel, Ted; Graf, Kelly E.; Byers, David; Stenderup, Jesper T.; Rasmussen, Morten; Campos, Paula F.; Leonard, Jennifer A.; Koepfli, Klaus-Peter; Froese, Duane; Zazula, Grant; Stafford, Thomas W. Jr.; Aaris-Sø rensen, Kim; Batra, Persaram; Haywood, Alan M.; Singarayer, Joy S.; Valdes, Paul J.; Boeskorov, Gennady; Burns, James A.; Davydov, Sergey P.; Haile, James; Jenkins, Dennis L.; Kosintsev, Pavel; Kuznetsova, Tatyana; Lai, Xulong; Martin, Larry D.; McDonald, H. Gregory; Mol, Dick; Meldgaard, Morten; Munch, Kasper; Stephan, Elisabeth; Sablin, Mikhail; Sommer, Robert S.; Sipko, Taras; Scott, Eric; Suchard, Marc A.; Tikhonov, Alexei; Willerslev, Rane; Wayne, Robert K.; Cooper, Alan; Hofreiter, Michael; Sher, Andrei; Shapiro, Beth; Rahbek, Carsten; Willerslev, Eske

    2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Pleistocene musk ox (Ovibos moschatus) population dynamics. P Nat Acad Sci. 2010; 107:5675– 5680. 11. Stiller M, et al. Withering away—25,000 years of genetic decline preceded cave bear extinction. Mol Biol Evol. 2010; 27:975–978. [PubMed: 20335279] 12. Barnes...

  4. And how to use owl pellets to do it. By the standards of paleontology, Rebecca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collar, Juan I.

    And how to use owl pellets to do it. By the standards of paleontology, Rebecca Terry, PhD'08 drop their bones on the cave floor or (in the case of owls) ex- pel them in the form of pellets

  5. 5, 547577, 2008 Isotope hydrology of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    HESSD 5, 547­577, 2008 Isotope hydrology of cave dripwaters L. Fuller et al. Title Page Abstract.hydrol-earth-syst-sci-discuss.net/5/547/2008/ © Author(s) 2008. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions Papers published in Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions

  6. Distinct element modelling and mining induced subsidence: Influence of the major faults Modelisation des affaissements miniers :Influence des faules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Nancy, France ABSTRACT :This study examines the subsidence due to Underground mining works in a coal mine in France. Coal is mined at a depth reaching 1000 m, according to longwall face method with caving. The seam ranges between 2 and 3.4 m in thickness. The dip strata does not exceed 10°. As predicted

  7. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    farm and manufacturing productivity and to New Zealand attaining the world's highest HDI in 1913. Keywords: Land ownership; pastoral sector; manufacturing productivity; New Zealand land prices JEL Altman, Caves, Green and Sparks, and Schedvin contend that economy-wide productivity was augmented

  8. Three new speciesof misophrioidcopepodsfrom oceanicislands GEOFFREY A. BOXSHALL and THOMAS M. ILIFFEt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    , Speleophria campaneri n.sp. from Ngamduk Cave, Angaur Island, Palau and S. scottodicarloi n.sp. from Chalk in the I Palau group (Boxshalland Iliffe, 1987)in the Indo-Pacific.Duringan expedition to the Galapagos and on Ngeruktabel Island, Palau (Boxshall and Iliffe, 1987).Two new speciesof Speleophria are also described, one

  9. Accepted by J. Goy: 16 Mar. 2010; published: 19 Apr. 2010 61 ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    (Decapoda: Gebiidea: Laomediidae) from Palau FERNANDO ALVAREZ1,3 , JOSE LUIS VILLALOBOS1 & THOMAS M. ILIFFE2 is described from a single specimen collected in an underwater cave in Babeldaob Island, Republic of Palau the tropical southwest Pacific. Key words: Espeleonaushonia, Naushonia, new species, Laomediidae, Palau

  10. E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    anchialine caves on Palau, Western Caroline Islands and on Lanzarote, Canary Islands. A new species Island, Palau. A new genus, Expansophria gw. nov., characterized by a distensible but unenclosed first a sinkhole on Ngeruktabel Island, Palau. Two other new genera are erected for new species collected in Jameos

  11. an additional control variable in the synthesis of metal clusters. --MSL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotelli, Nicholas J.

    G Y Early People of Palau Diminutive fossils of Homo sapiens, perhaps representing several tens of individuals, have been found in two caves in Palau. The fossils, described by Berger et al., range in age from between these fossils is not clear, the sample on Palau is further evidence of the extremes in size

  12. University College London Gower Street

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slater, Mel

    's Committee on the Ethics of Non- NHS Human Research. Please read through this information sheet and feel free about one hour. You will be using a Cave-like virtual environment system called the ReaCTor (see the figure below). The ReaCTor is a virtual environment system made up of 3 walls measuring roughly 3m x 3m x

  13. Architecture is frozen music. Bragdon This publication accompanies the traveling exhibition Pulse Dome Project: Art &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    a form of sustainable architecture that was in harmony with natural processes--a structure he calledpulse dome #12;Architecture is frozen music. Bragdon #12;This publication accompanies the traveling architecture, wombs, and such natural forms as caves, tunnels, and volcanoes to learn what had been done

  14. White-nose Syndrome Communications Outreach Campaign Principal Investigator: Rebecca A. Christoffel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koford, Rolf R.

    White-nose Syndrome Communications Outreach Campaign Principal Investigator: Rebecca A. Christoffel target audiences of white-nose syndrome (WNS) in bats and its rapid spread toward Iowa, and to gain one cave or bat population to another, with an ultimate goal of keeping white-nose syndrome from

  15. Brazil 2 Chapada Diamantina and Rio de Janeiro Chapada Diamantina Happy Trekking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beimel, Amos

    Brazil 2 ­ Chapada Diamantina and Rio de Janeiro Chapada Diamantina ­ Happy Trekking The plateau offers a terrific natural shower with no water pressure problems ­ is a happy trekking experience. Enough, Valley, Cave, Mountain - in this order Day 3 - The Very Very Wet Mosquito Fall and the Paridas Rock Day 4

  16. he history of collecting art in Australia contains few stories as alluring as Roddy Meagher's. Justice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viglas, Anastasios

    #12;T he history of collecting art in Australia contains few stories as alluring as Roddy Meagher) is a veritable Aladdin's Cave of art. Rare oils and drawings jostle for space with decorative arts: Persian himself. Endowed with an extraordinary memory for names, dates, even prices paid for work, Roddy Meagher

  17. James C. M. Ahern Department of Anthropology,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zordan, Victor

    Vindija Cave, Croatia: a biased sample? The late Neandertal sample from Vindija (Croatia) has been described as transitional between the earlier Central European Neandertals from Krapina (Croatia) and modern.0586 Available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on Introduction Northwestern Croatia has yielded many sig

  18. Arubolana Botosaneanu and Stock, 1979: a genus of stygobitic cirolanid isopods, with description of a new species from the Dominican Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    of a new species from the Dominican Republic Lazare BOTOSANEANU(1) and Thomas M. ILIFFE(2) (1) Zoölogisch cave in the Dominican Republic. The species of Arubolana are well characterized by shared characters. Key words: stygobitic Cirolanidae; Arubolana; Dominican Republic; colonization of stygal habitats

  19. 3D Graph Visualization with the Oculus Rift Virtual Graph Reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wismath, Stephen

    3D Graph Visualization with the Oculus Rift Virtual Graph Reality Farshad Barahimi, Stephen Wismath regarding three- dimensional (3D) representations of graphs. However, the actual usefulness of such 3D reality environment such as a CAVE, or · printed as a physical model with a 3D printer. Early studies

  20. Bio-inspired MEMS Pressure and Flow Sensors for Underwater Navigation and Object Imaging "

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for artificial lateral line applications," Master's thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, September 2011 the biological neuromasts on the body of many fish. For instance, the blind cave fish, Astyanax mexicanus Kayak Testing: Commercial vs. MEMS Pitching Test Power Spectrum of Pitching Test A photograph of blind

  1. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 16, EGU2014-14313-1, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forray, Ferenc

    (s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Paleoclimate record from Zidita Cave (Romania) using guano-derived 13,3) (1) Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, (2) School of Geosciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, USA, (3) "Emil Racovi¸ta" Institute of Speleology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania In this study, we

  2. LEAGUE A LEAGUE B LEAGUE C Delta Chi 5 0 Sigma Chi 5 0 Lambda Chi Alpha 5 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    Rain 2 3 A-7 1 4 Straight Shooters 1 4 Notorious 1 4 Team Diesel 0 5 Pugh St. Bullies 0 5 Chuff Law 0 5 No Refunds 4 1 Grad Jawns 4 1 Click 3 2 Off in the Corner 3 2 Bad Latitudes 3 2 McKean Squad 2 3 Bear Cave 2

  3. Investigating the Forcing and Response in Proxy Records of Multi-Decadal Scale Climate Variability PP33A-1003 Kristine L. DeLong (kdelong@marine.usf.edu), Terrence M. Quinn, Richard Z. Poore and Gary T. Mitchum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Florida, University of

    ) and those observed in solar output records. We first investigated the impact of age control on frequency, changes in solar irradiance, and episodes of explosive volcanism. We are investigating the links in multi Grissino-Mayer for providing El Malpais data and Yongjin Wang and coauthors for providing Dongge Cave data

  4. PLIO-PLEISTOCENE MAMMALIAN BIOSTRATIGRAPHY OF ATLANTIC MOROCCO Denis GERAADS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in North Africa at that time. In Thomas Quarry 1, the earliest archaeological level in Morocco, level L, is probably of lower Pleistocene age. In the same complex of quarries, the faunas of cave fillings, of which, following the stratigraphic studies of Biberson (1961), attention focused on the Thomas Quarries south

  5. Under consideration for publication in Inverse Problems 1 An Integrated Extended Kalman Filter-Implicit Level Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peirce, Anthony

    ]. HF have also found numerous industrial applications. In the oil and gas industry, HF are deliberately the so- called block-caving process [20, 48]. In the production of geothermal energy HF, are used create explore the robustness of the algorithm to noise and to placement of tiltmeter arrays operating

  6. Echolocation in scorpions? pg 1 of 8 Seismic echolocation: do scorpions use this novel method of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaffin, Doug

    to the high speeds at which sound travels through most solid media (Brownell 1984). Sound waves traveling too, however, transmit sound at speeds of less than 150 m/s, less even than the speed #12;Echolocation and whales, and a few species of cave-dwelling birds possess the ability to echolocate through a liquid

  7. Carbon dioxide and methane in karst systems Supervisors: Prof Dave Mattey, Dr Dave Lowry and Dr. Rebecca Fisher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Carbon dioxide and methane in karst systems Supervisors: Prof Dave Mattey, Dr Dave Lowry and Dr in the carbon cycle and very little is known about the behavior of methane in karst systems. Methane carbon isotopic evidence for oxidation of atmospheric methane in a dynamically ventilated cave

  8. VRDD: Applying virtual reality visualization to protein docking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weng, Zhiping

    the levels of atomic overlap and interac- tion energy. The stunning VR graphics immerse users in the scene. Keywords: virtual reality, computer graphics, CAVE, mo- lecular docking, binding free energy calculations molecular docking aided by automatic docking and side chain confor- mational search. Binding free energies

  9. Abstract This paper presents a six-legged, sprawl-tuned autonomous robot (STAR). This novel robot has a variable leg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fearing, Ron

    and energy consumption, the robot is fitted with radially spoked legs which can perform almost like regularAbstract² This paper presents a six-legged, sprawl-tuned autonomous robot (STAR). This novel robot advantages over wheeled vehicles for off-road locomotion, such as in caves and collapsed buildings

  10. 2 California Caver Issue 248, Winter 2011 In spring of 2010 a small fragment of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lachniet, Matthew S.

    of 2010 I completed two analyses for uranium-series isotopes (also know as U-series) at the Uni- versity.5 million years, because the stalagmite could only have formed after the cave had formed (what in Geology we in southern Nevada. The Uranium-series technique is based on the fact that naturally-occur- ring uranium

  11. Case Study: Mobile Photovoltaic System at Bechler Meadows Ranger Station, Yellowstone National Park (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mobile PV/generator hybrid system deployed at Bechler Meadows provides a number of advantages. It reduces on-site air emissions from the generator. Batteries allow the generator to operate only at its rated power, reducing run-time and fuel consumption. Energy provided by the solar array reduces fuel consumption and run-time of the generator. The generator is off for most hours providing peace and quiet at the site. Maintenance trips from Mammoth Hot Springs to the remote site are reduced. The frequency of intrusive fuel deliveries to the pristine site is reduced. And the system gives rangers a chance to interpret Green Park values to the visiting public. As an added bonus, the system provides all these benefits at a lower cost than the basecase of using only a propane-fueled generator, reducing life cycle cost by about 26%.

  12. Idaho National Laboratory Cultural Resource Monitoring Report for FY 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenda R. Pace; Julie B. Braun

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the cultural resource monitoring activities of the Idaho National Laboratory’s (INL) Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Office during fiscal year 2009 (FY 2009). Throughout the year, thirty-eight cultural resource localities were revisited including: two locations with Native American human remains, one of which is a cave, two additional caves, twenty-two prehistoric archaeological sites, six historic homesteads, two historic stage stations, two historic trails, and two nuclear resources, including Experimental Breeder Reactor-I, which is a designated National Historic Landmark. Several INL project areas were also monitored in FY 2009 to assess project compliance with cultural resource recommendations and monitor the effects of ongoing project activities. Although impacts were documented at a few locations and trespassing citations were issued in one instance, no significant adverse effects that would threaten the National Register eligibility of any resources were observed. Monitoring also demonstrated that several INL projects generally remain in compliance with recommendations to protect cultural resources.

  13. Conceptual Design Report for the Irradiated Materials Characterization Laboratory (IMCL)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephanie Austad

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the design at a conceptual level for the Irradiated Materials Characterization Laboratory (IMCL) to be located at the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The IMCL is an 11,000-ft2, Hazard Category-2 nuclear facility that is designed for use as a state of the-art nuclear facility for the purpose of hands-on and remote handling, characterization, and examination of irradiated and nonirradiated nuclear material samples. The IMCL will accommodate a series of future, modular, and reconfigurable instrument enclosures or caves. To provide a bounding design basis envelope for the facility-provided space and infrastructure, an instrument enclosure or cave configuration was developed and is described in some detail. However, the future instrument enclosures may be modular, integral with the instrument, or reconfigurable to enable various characterization environments to be configured as changes in demand occur. They are not provided as part of the facility.

  14. Idaho National Laboratory Cultural Resource Monitoring Report for FY 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    INL Cultural Resource Management Office

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the cultural resource monitoring activities of the Idaho National Laboratory’s (INL) Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Office during fiscal year 2010 (FY 2010). Throughout the year, thirty-three cultural resource localities were revisited, including somethat were visited more than once, including: two locations with Native American human remains, one of which is a cave, two additional caves, twenty-six prehistoric archaeological sites, two historic stage stations, and Experimental Breeder Reactor-I, which is a designated National Historic Landmark. The resources that were monitored included seventeen that are routinely visited and sixteen that are located in INL project areas. Although impacts were documented at a few locations and one trespassing incident (albeit sans formal charges) was discovered, no significant adverse effects that would threaten the National Register eligibility of any resources were observed. Monitoring also demonstrated that several INL projects generally remain in compliance with recommendations to protect cultural resources.

  15. Mesolithic fishing and seafaring in the Aegean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Thanos Aronis

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    's continued waterborne expertise. Recovered tuna vertebrae are a testament to the skill of the extraordinary fishermen who caught iMark Rose, "Fishing at Franchthi Cave: Changing Environments and Patterns of Exploitation, " Old World Archaeology Newsletter... Istsvlgln . : Velc paula Fateortaia "-, :, ::"-" @)V~V, . =' 9' a-; s m. . :IIb;. ::& Fig. 1 Map of Greece. Adapted from Simon J. M. Davis, The Archaeology of Aninrtrts (New Haven 1987) 209. Traditionally, the necessities of tuna fishing suggest...

  16. Construction of Blaze at the University of Illinois at Chicago: A Shared, High-Performance, Visual Computer for Next-Generation Cyberinfrastructure-Accelerated Scientific, Engineering, Medical and Public Policy Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Maxine D. [Acting Director, EVL; Leigh, Jason [PI

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Blaze high-performance visual computing system serves the high-performance computing research and education needs of University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). Blaze consists of a state-of-the-art, networked, computer cluster and ultra-high-resolution visualization system called CAVE2(TM) that is currently not available anywhere in Illinois. This system is connected via a high-speed 100-Gigabit network to the State of Illinois' I-WIRE optical network, as well as to national and international high speed networks, such as the Internet2, and the Global Lambda Integrated Facility. This enables Blaze to serve as an on-ramp to national cyberinfrastructure, such as the National Science Foundation’s Blue Waters petascale computer at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Department of Energy’s Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) at Argonne National Laboratory. DOE award # DE-SC005067, leveraged with NSF award #CNS-0959053 for “Development of the Next-Generation CAVE Virtual Environment (NG-CAVE),” enabled us to create a first-of-its-kind high-performance visual computing system. The UIC Electronic Visualization Laboratory (EVL) worked with two U.S. companies to advance their commercial products and maintain U.S. leadership in the global information technology economy. New applications are being enabled with the CAVE2/Blaze visual computing system that is advancing scientific research and education in the U.S. and globally, and help train the next-generation workforce.

  17. Healthy Stocker and Feeder Calves.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barron, H. T.; Maddox, L. A. Jr.

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is often shorter than the meandering journey from farm to feedyard or pasture; some calves arrive sick. Others exposed to infection enroute sicken soon after arrival. Rapid breathing, depression, scouring, coughing, lacrirna tion and nasal discharge... antibiotics, sulfonamides, detoxicants and antidiarrheals is usually good. A certain percentage of the calves treated (perhaps 2 or 3 percent), do not recover. They eat little, cough a little, scour a little, stand around tucked up and caved in laterally...

  18. Characteristics of Effective Mentoring in a Formal Mentoring Setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luckey, Rebecca Ann

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    are Sage, Visionary, Magician, Globalist, Mentor, Ally, Sovereign, Guide, and Artisan. 9 The nine stages of the Wells?s core values progress from apprentice to advanced employee. At the Sage or Apprentice stage, new employees have many questions... Age, archaeologists and anthropologists posit the medicinal men, cave artists, and shaman taught younger individuals their skills to carry on traditions (Shea, 1994). During the Middle Ages, blacksmiths would take on a young apprentice to learn...

  19. Preliminary report on LLNL mine seismicity deployment at the Twentymile Coal Mine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walter, W.R.; Hunter, S.L.; Glenn, L.A.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the preliminary results of a just completed experiment at the Twentymile Coal Mine, operated by the Cyprus Amax Coal Company near Oak Creek, CO. The purpose of the experiment was to obtain local and regional seismic data from roof caves associated with long-wall mining activities and to use this data to help determine the effectiveness with which these events can be discriminated from underground nuclear explosions under a future Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.

  20. DATA QUALITY OBJECTIVE SUMMARY REPORT FOR THE 105 K EAST ION EXCHANGE COLUMN MONOLITH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JOCHEN, R.M.

    2007-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The 105-K East (KE) Basin Ion Exchange Column (IXC) cells, lead caves, and the surrounding vault are to be removed as necessary components in implementing ''Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order'' (Ecology et al. 2003) milestone M-034-32 (Complete Removal of the K East Basin Structure). The IXCs consist of six units located in the KE Basin, three in operating positions in cells and three stored in a lead cave. Methods to remove the IXCs from the KE Basin were evaluated in KBC-28343, ''Disposal of K East Basin Ion Exchange Column Evaluation''. The method selected for removal was grouting the six IXCs into a single monolith for disposal at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF). Grout will be added to the IXC cells, IXC lead caves containing spent IXCs, and in the spaces between the lead cave walls and metal skin, to immobilize the contaminants, provide self-shielding, minimize void space, and provide a structurally stable waste form. The waste to be offered for disposal is the encapsulated monolith defined by the exterior surfaces of the vault and the lower surface of the underlying slab. This document presents summary of the data quality objective (DQO) process establishing the decisions and data required to support decision-making activities for the disposition of the IXC monolith. The DQO process is completed in accordance with the seven-step planning process described in EPA QA/G-4, ''Guidance for the Data Quality Objectives Process'', which is used to clarify and study objectives; define the appropriate type, quantity, and quality of data; and support defensible decision-making. The DQO process involves the following steps: (1) state the problem; (2) identify the decision; (3) identify the inputs to the decision; (4) define the boundaries of the study; (5) develop a decision rule (DR); (6) specify tolerable limits on decision errors; and (7) optimize the design for obtaining data.

  1. Dynamics of precipitation pattern formation at geothermal hot springs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigel Goldenfeld; Pak Yuen Chan; John Veysey

    2006-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We formulate and model the dynamics of spatial patterns arising during the precipitation of calcium carbonate from a supersaturated shallow water flow. The model describes the formation of travertine deposits at geothermal hot springs and rimstone dams of calcite in caves. We find explicit solutions for travertine domes at low flow rates, identify the linear instabilities which generate dam and pond formation on sloped substrates, and present simulations of statistical landscape evolution.

  2. DATA QUALITY OBJECTIVES SUMMARY REPORT FOR THE 105K EAST BASIN ION EXCHANGE COLUMN MONOLITH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JOCHEN, R.M.

    2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The 105-K East (KE) Basin Ion Exchange Column (IXC) cells, lead caves, and the surrounding vault are to be removed as necessary components in implementing ''Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consert Order'' (Ecology et al. 2003) milestone M-034-32 (Complete Removal of the K East Basin Structure). The IXCs consist of six units located in the KE Basin, three in operating positions in cells and three stored in a lead cave. Methods to remove the IXCs from the KE Basin were evaluated in KBC-28343, ''Disposal of K East Basin Ion Exchange Column Evaluation''. The method selected for removal was grouting of the six IXCs into a single monolith for disposal at the Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF). Grout will be added to the IXC cells, IXC lead caves containing spent IXCs, and in the spaces between to immobilize the contaminants, provide self-shielding, minimize void space, and provide a structurally stable waste form. The waste to be offered for disposal is the encapsulated monolith defined by the exterior surfaces of the vault and the lower surface of the underlying slab. This document presents a summary of the data quality objective (DQO) process establishing the decisions and data required to support decision-making activities for disposition of the IXC monolith. The DQO process is completed in accordance with the seven-step planning process described in EPA QA/G-4, ''Guidance for the Data Quality Objectives Process'', which is used to clarify and study objectives; define the appropriate type, quantity, and quality of data; and support defensible decision-making. The DQO process involves the following steps: (1) state the problem; (2) identify the decision; (3) identify the inputs to the decision; (4) define the boundaries of the study; (5) develop a decision rule (DR); (6) specify tolerable limits on decision errors; and (7) optimize the design for obtaining data.

  3. Velvet/fracture: David Lynch, Clayton Eshleman, and the construction of the American underworld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parent, Mikel Forrest

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    of heroic selfhood as racism [and rooted in domination]. to open fontt through indeterminate arguments, and to shift attention I'rom xvj (to re)uinnix" (American Studies 13, italics mine). It is in this final moi e aivay from a literature rooted in Furope... in "Tiresias" is the "bison belly's imploded cavern". The bison belly specifically conjures the underworld and lirmly connects it to the e&n'otesque The grotesque (derived from the italian gr&u)? meaning cave) links the underworld directly to the ph...

  4. Optical Devices based on Limit Cycles and Amplification in Semiconductor Optical Cavities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamerly, Ryan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At strong pump powers, a semiconductor optical cavity passes through a Hopf bifurcation and undergoes self-oscillation. We simulate this device using semiclassical Langevin equations and assess the effect of quantum fluctuations on the dynamics. Below threshold, the cavity acts as a phase-insensitive linear amplifier, with noise $\\sim 5\\times$ larger than the Caves bound. Above threshold, the limit cycle acts as an analog memory, and the phase diffusion is $\\sim 10\\times$ larger than the bound set by the standard quantum limit. We also simulate entrainment of this oscillator and propose an optical Ising machine and classical CNOT gate based on the effect.

  5. Electric quadrupole transition probabilities for atomic lithium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Çelik, Gültekin, E-mail: gultekin@selcuk.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Selçuk University, Campus 42049 Konya (Turkey); Gökçe, Yasin; Y?ld?z, Murat [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, Karaman (Turkey)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric quadrupole transition probabilities for atomic lithium have been calculated using the weakest bound electron potential model theory (WBEPMT). We have employed numerical non-relativistic Hartree–Fock wavefunctions for expectation values of radii and the necessary energy values have been taken from the compilation at NIST. The results obtained with the present method agree very well with the Coulomb approximation results given by Caves (1975). Moreover, electric quadrupole transition probability values not existing in the literature for some highly excited levels have been obtained using the WBEPMT.

  6. Position estimation of transceivers in communication networks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kent, Claudia A. (Pleasanton, CA); Dowla, Farid (Castro Valley, CA)

    2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention provides a system and method using wireless communication interfaces coupled with statistical processing of time-of-flight data to locate by position estimation unknown wireless receivers. Such an invention can be applied in sensor network applications, such as environmental monitoring of water in the soil or chemicals in the air where the position of the network nodes is deemed critical. Moreover, the present invention can be arranged to operate in areas where a Global Positioning System (GPS) is not available, such as inside buildings, caves, and tunnels.

  7. AHP15: Rgyal rong Tibetan Life, Language, and Folklore in Rgyas bzang Village

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G.yu 'brug; Stuart, C K

    about three to four kilometers away from the village from April to October. They live in a tsha gdan38 tent near big caves. They milk cows and make butter, cheese, and yogurt. They make a small pool by some trees, creating a cool, humid environment... to pigs. Photograph Thirty. The bang ma is a room where such items as meat, butter, and lard are stored. Photograph Thirty-one. An 'o zom 'milk bucket'. Photograph Thirty-Two. Village women carry firewood home. Photograph Thirty-three. A spal par...

  8. A Critical Edition of Donne's "The Indifferent," "Love's Usury," "The Will," "The Funerall," "The Primerose," and "The Dampe" and a Digital Edition of "To his Mistress Going to Bed"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLawhorn, Tracy Elizabeth

    2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Metropolitan Archives LM1 ACC 1360.528 (Clitherow ms.) LP London Public Record Office LP1 State Papers Miscellaneous S.P. 9/51 NY New York Public Library NY1 Arents Collection, Cat. No. S191 (John Cave ms.) O Bodleian Library, Oxford O20..., and the parent-child pair O20-SP1), Group II (the parent -child pairs CT1-B7 and DT1-H4), Group III (B46, H5, and the sibling pair C9 and H6), and Group IV (NY3); each g roup (except for Group IV, which is 7 and A can be linked more specifically to C2...

  9. Everettian Rationality: defending Deutsch's approach to probability in the Everett interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Wallace

    2003-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis is made of Deutsch's recent claim to have derived the Born rule from decision-theoretic assumptions. It is argued that Deutsch's proof must be understood in the explicit context of the Everett interpretation, and that in this context, it essentially succeeds. Some comments are made about the criticism of Deutsch's proof by Barnum, Caves, Finkelstein, Fuchs, and Schack; it is argued that the flaw which they point out in the proof does not apply if the Everett interpretation is assumed. A longer version of this paper, entitled "Quantum Probability and Decision Theory, Revisted", is also available online.

  10. India in 'Dzam-Gling Rgyas-Bshad'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhaldi, Lama Sherab

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    these mountains from the south to the north. In the rainy season. it flows with thickness of human size with muddy water. In winter and spring. at the time of rare rain it disappean in sand. However if one dip anywhere in the sand. there'wiU be fresh water... Dan (Vajrlsana) there is a forest called Buddhavana. aDd a cave known as Oaurakhsh Oupha etc. When one passes through all these places one reaches rGyal-Po'i-Khab (Rajagriha) afterabout three days journey. That city is surrounded by mountains like a fort...

  11. Photo of the Week: The Daya Bay Antineutrino Detector | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSalesOE0000652GrowE-mail on AugustDepartmentEnergyCAVE

  12. Thermal Predictions of the Cooling of Waste Glass Canisters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donna Post Guillen

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radioactive liquid waste from five decades of weapons production is slated for vitrification at the Hanford site. The waste will be mixed with glass forming additives and heated to a high temperature, then poured into canisters within a pour cave where the glass will cool and solidify into a stable waste form for disposal. Computer simulations were performed to predict the heat rejected from the canisters and the temperatures within the glass during cooling. Four different waste glass compositions with different thermophysical properties were evaluated. Canister centerline temperatures and the total amount of heat transfer from the canisters to the surrounding air are reported.

  13. Grid composite for backfill barriers and waste applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Travis, B.

    1994-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A grid composite for protecting men and longwall mining equipment during longwall shield recovery includes a regular polymer geogrid structure formed by biaxially drawing a continuous sheet of select polypropylene material which is heat bonded to a polyester fabric. The grid composite is secured over caving shields of longwall mining equipment during a longwall mining operation. The polymer grid composite is ideal for waste containment structures, backfill barriers, and silt barriers in construction and mining applications. In waste containment and backfill barriers, the grid composite is used to form a containment structure. It principle function is to contain waste material usually consisting of a liquid with some percentage of solids. 10 figs.

  14. Phase 2 drilling operations at the Long Valley Exploratory Well (LVF 51--20)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finger, J.T.; Jacobson, R.D.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the second drilling phase, completed to a depth of 7588 feet in November 1991, of the Long Valley Exploratory Well near Mammoth Lakes, California. The well in Long Valley Caldera is planned to reach an ultimate depth of 20,000 feet or a bottomhole temperature of 500{degrees}C (whichever comes first). There will be four drilling phases, at least a year apart with scientific experiments in the wellbore between active drilling periods. Phase 1 drilling in 1989 was completed with 20 in. casing from surface to a depth of 2558 ft., and a 3.8 in. core hole was drilled below the shoe to a depth of 2754 in. Phase 2 included a 17-{1/2} in. hole out of the 20 in. shoe, with 13-3/8 in. casing to 6825 ft., and continuous wireline coring below that to 7588 ft. This document comprises a narrative log of the daily activities, the daily drilling reports, mud logger's reports, summary of drilling fluids used, and other miscellaneous records.

  15. Dominance of a corporate institutional elite: the extended power of energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Purdy, D.A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study was to outline the patterns whereby large corporations may exert extensive influence over various aspects of socio-political-economic life. By focusing on the largest sector of the economy, energy corporation - and one on which all other sectors are at least partially dependent - the structure through which this corporate influence can be exercised is examined. Results demonstrate the extreme dominance of the entire energy field by the 20 largest petroleum corporations and intrusion of the petroleum industry's vast number of tenacles into all other sectors of the economy. In addition, the excessive number of interconnections between the largest petroleum corporations provide an extensive communication network among so-called competitors. Two major conclusions reached from this analysis were: (1) that within the fragile technostructure of modern America, the energy industry has reached approximate parity with the banking industry concerning its importance to society; and (2) that America during the latter half of the twentieth century has undergone a transition from social rule by a wealthy, social elite class to that of a corporate elite class through their interconnected roles on behalf of the mammoth corporations.

  16. Coring in deep hardrock formations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drumheller, D.S.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy is involved in a variety of scientific and engineering feasibility studies requiring extensive drilling in hard crystalline rock. In many cases well depths extend from 6000 to 20,000 feet in high-temperature, granitic formations. Examples of such projects are the Hot Dry Rock well system at Fenton Hill, New Mexico and the planned exploratory magma well near Mammoth Lakes, California. In addition to these programs, there is also continuing interest in supporting programs to reduce drilling costs associated with the production of geothermal energy from underground sources such as the Geysers area near San Francisco, California. The overall progression in these efforts is to drill deeper holes in higher temperature, harder formations. In conjunction with this trend is a desire to improve the capability to recover geological information. Spot coring and continuous coring are important elements in this effort. It is the purpose of this report to examine the current methods used to obtain core from deep wells and to suggest projects which will improve existing capabilities. 28 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  17. Health, Safety, and Environmental Screening and Ranking Frameworkfor Geologic CO2 Storage Site Selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldenburg, Curtis M.

    2005-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a screening and ranking framework(SRF) developed to evaluate potential geologic carbon dioxide (CO2) storage sites on the basis of health, safety, and environmental (HSE) risk arising from possible CO2 leakage. The approach is based on the assumption that HSE risk due to CO2 leakage is dependent on three basic characteristics of a geologic CO2 storage site: (1) the potential for primary containment by the target formation; (2) the potential for secondary containment if the primary formation leaks; and (3) the potential for attenuation and dispersion of leaking CO2 if the primary formation leaks and secondary containment fails. The framework is implemented in a spreadsheet in which users enter numerical scores representing expert opinions or general information available from published materials along with estimates of uncertainty to evaluate the three basic characteristics in order to screen and rank candidate sites. Application of the framework to the Rio Visa Gas Field, Ventura Oil Field, and Mammoth Mountain demonstrates the approach. Refinements and extensions are possible through the use of more detailed data or model results in place of property proxies. Revisions and extensions to improve the approach are anticipated in the near future as it is used and tested by colleagues and collaborators.

  18. Magnetic stratigraphy and biostratigraphy of the Piacenzian (Upper Pliocene) at Monte San Nicola (Sicily)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Channell, J.E.T.; Sprovieri, R.; Di Stefano, E.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Neogene, the Mediterranean was a rather unique biogeographic province. For this reason, first and last occurrences of Neogene species recorded in the Mediterranean region may not be synchronous with those recorded in the open oceans. This has important implications as most of the Neogene stage boundaries are defined on the basis of Mediterranean type sections. The most direct way to determine the relative timing of Mediterranean and open ocean datums is through correlation with the polarity time scale. Such correlations are not available for the Mediterranean Pliocene. The Trubi pelagic limestones and Monte narbone marls which characterize the SicilianPliocene are not ideal for magnetic stratigraphy due to weak remnant intensities and an ubiquitous normal polarity overprint. However, at Monte San Nicola, a magnetic stratigraphy has been resolved by stepwise demagnetization in small temperature increments. The upper and lower bounds of the Gauss Epoch, and the Mammoth and Kaena polarity events can be correlated to well defined planktonic foraminiferal and calcareous nannofossil datums. Hence the synchronism of these datums between the Mediterranean and the open ocean can be tested. The most notable discrepancy is in the last occurrence of G. margaritae which occurs at the base of the Gauss in most open marine sections, but is found at the top of the Gilbert at Monte San Nicola.

  19. A high-elevation, multi-proxy biotic and environmental record of MIS 6–4 from the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site, Snowmass Village, Colorado, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian M. Miller; Mitchell A. Plummer; Various Others

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In North America, terrestrial records of biodiversity and climate change that span Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 are rare. Where found, they provide insight into how the coupling of the ocean–atmosphere system is manifested in biotic and environmental records and how the biosphere responds to climate change. In 2010–2011, construction at Ziegler Reservoir near Snowmass Village, Colorado (USA) revealed a nearly continuous, lacustrine/wetland sedimentary sequence that preserved evidence of past plant communities between ~140 and 55 ka, including all of MIS 5. At an elevation of 2705 m, the Ziegler Reservoir fossil site also contained thousands of well-preserved bones of late Pleistocene megafauna, including mastodons, mammoths, ground sloths, horses, camels, deer, bison, black bear, coyotes, and bighorn sheep. In addition, the site contained more than 26,000 bones from at least 30 species of small animals including salamanders, otters, muskrats, minks, rabbits, beavers, frogs, lizards, snakes, fish, and birds. The combination of macro- and micro-vertebrates, invertebrates, terrestrial and aquatic plant macrofossils, a detailed pollen record, and a robust, directly dated stratigraphic framework shows that high-elevation ecosystems in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado are climatically sensitive and varied dramatically throughout MIS 5

  20. Health, Safety, and Environmental Screening and Ranking Frameworkfor Geologic CO2 Storage Site Selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldenburg, Curtis M.

    2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a screening and ranking framework(SRF) developed to evaluate potential geologic carbon dioxide (CO2)storage sites on the basis of health, safety, and environmental (HSE)risk arising from possible CO2 leakage. The approach is based on theassumption that HSE risk due to CO2 leakage is dependent on three basiccharacteristics of a geologic CO2 storage site: (1) the potential forprimary containment by the target formation, (2) the potential forsecondary containment if the primary formation leaks, and (3) thepotential for attenuation and dispersion of leaking CO2 if the primaryformation leaks and secondary containment fails. The framework isimplemented in a spreadsheet in which users enter numerical scoresrepresenting expert opinions or general information available frompublished materials along with estimates of uncertainty to evaluate thethree basic characteristics in order to screen and rank candidate sites.Application of the framework to the Rio Vista Gas Field, Ventura OilField, and Mammoth Mountain demonstrates the approach. Refinements andextensions are possible through the use of more detailed data or modelresults in place of property proxies. Revisions and extensions to improvethe approach are anticipated in the near future as it is used and testedby colleagues and collaborators.

  1. Structural re-alignment in an immunologic surface region of ricin A chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zemla, A T; Zhou, C E

    2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We compared structure alignments generated by several protein structure comparison programs to determine whether existing methods would satisfactorily align residues at a highly conserved position within an immunogenic loop in ribosome inactivating proteins (RIPs). Using default settings, structure alignments generated by several programs (CE, DaliLite, FATCAT, LGA, MAMMOTH, MATRAS, SHEBA, SSM) failed to align the respective conserved residues, although LGA reported correct residue-residue (R-R) correspondences when the beta-carbon (Cb) position was used as the point of reference in the alignment calculations. Further tests using variable points of reference indicated that points distal from the beta carbon along a vector connecting the alpha and beta carbons yielded rigid structural alignments in which residues known to be highly conserved in RIPs were reported as corresponding residues in structural comparisons between ricin A chain, abrin-A, and other RIPs. Results suggest that approaches to structure alignment employing alternate point representations corresponding to side chain position may yield structure alignments that are more consistent with observed conservation of functional surface residues than do standard alignment programs, which apply uniform criteria for alignment (i.e., alpha carbon (Ca) as point of reference) along the entirety of the peptide chain. We present the results of tests that suggest the utility of allowing user-specified points of reference in generating alternate structural alignments, and we present a web server for automatically generating such alignments.

  2. ADVANCES IN HYDROGEOCHEMICAL INDICATORS FOR THE DISCOVERY OF NEW GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES IN THE GREAT BASIN, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simmons, Stuart F [Colorado School of Mines; Spycher, Nicolas [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Sonnenthal, Eric [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Dobson, Patrick [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the results of Phase I work for a go/no go decision on Phase II funding. In the first objective, we assessed the extent to which fluid-mineral equilibria controlled deep water compositions in geothermal systems across the Great Basin. Six systems were evaluated: Beowawe; Desert Peak; Dixie Valley; Mammoth; Raft River; Roosevelt. These represent a geographic spread of geothermal resources, in different geological settings and with a wide range of fluid compositions. The results were used for calibration/reformulation of chemical geothermometers that reflect the reservoir temperatures in producing reservoirs. In the second objective, we developed a reactive -transport model of the Desert Peak hydrothermal system to evaluate the processes that affect reservoir fluid geochemistry and its effect on solute geothermometry. This included testing geothermometry on “reacted” thermal water originating from different lithologies and from near-surface locations where the temperature is known from the simulation. The integrated multi-component geothermometer (GeoT, relying on computed mineral saturation indices) was tested against the model results and also on the systems studied in the first objective.

  3. Deposition and diagenesis of a cratonic Silurian platform reef, Pipe Creek Jr. , Indiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simo, A.; Lehmann, P.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petrographic and geochemical characteristics of the Pipe Creek Jr. paragenesis record the stratigraphic and burial evolution of the cratonic Silurian platform of Indiana during Late Silurian to Pennsylvanian. A variety of several diagenetic fluids acting over geological time affected the reef. The paragenetic sequence is as follows: (1) precipitation of turbid, fibrous, blotchy cathodoluminescent (CL) cement; (2) dolomitization of mud-rich facies; (3) precipitation of clear, zoned CL equant calcite cements; (4) fracturing and karst formation, partially filled by geopetal silt and sandstone; (5) precipitation of clear, dull CL, ferroan to nonferroan equant calcite cement, ferroan dolomite overgrowth and equant dolomite cement in moldic porosity, caves and fractures; (6) microdissolution and hydrocarbon emplacement; and (7) stylolitization. Carbonate grew and fibrous cements precipitated in an open marine environment. During Late Silurian an increasingly restricted environment stopped reef growth and dolomite replaced mud-rich faces. The reefs were then subaerially exposed and two meteoric cement sequences, non-luminescent to bright luminescent, precipitated prior to Mid-Devonian fracture-controlled karsting. Caves and fractures crosscut former cement stages and were filled by sandstones. Later, the platform was buried by the late Mid-Devonian organic-rich New Albany Shale, and clear, dull CL calcite cement and ferroan dolomite precipitated. Hydrocarbon migration postdates all cements and created minor moldic porosity and predates stylolitization.

  4. Plant Design for the Production of DUAGG

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferrada, J.J.

    2003-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The cost of producing DUAGG is an important consideration for any interested private firm in determining whether DUCRETE is economically viable as a material of construction in next-generation spent nuclear fuel casks. This study analyzed this project as if it was a stand-alone project. The capital cost includes engineering design, equipment costs and installation, start up, and management; the study is not intended to be a life-cycle cost analysis. The costs estimated by this study are shown in Table ES.1, and the conclusions of this study are listed in Table ES.2. The development of DUAGG and DUCRETE is a major thrust of the Depleted Uranium Uses Research and Development Project. An obvious use of depleted uranium is as a shielding material (e.g., DUCRETE). DUCRETE is made by replacing the conventional stone aggregate in concrete with DUAGG. One objective of this project is to bring the development of DUCRETE to a point at which a demonstrated basis exists for its commercial deployment. The estimation of the costs to manufacture DUAGG is an important part of this effort. Paul Lessing and William Quapp developed DUAGG and DUCRETE as part of an Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) program to find beneficial uses for depleted uranium (DU). Subsequently, this technology was licensed to Teton Technologies, Inc. The DUAGG process mixes DUO{sub 2} with sintering materials and additives to form pressed briquettes. These briquettes are sintered at 1300 C, and the very dense sintered briquettes are then crushed and classified into gap-graded size fractions. The graded DUAGG is then ready to be used to make high-strength heavy DUCRETE. The DUCRETE shielding will be placed into an annular steel cask-shell mold, which has internal steel reinforcing bars. The objectives of this study are to (1) use previous DUAGG process developments to design a plant that will produce DUAGG at a baseline rate, (2) determine the size of the equipment required to meet the DUAGG production scale, (3) estimate the facility's capital and operating costs, and (4) perform a parametric sensitivity analysis on those elements of cost that most affect the total operating expenses. Because the study does not include preoperational, decontamination, decommissioning, and closure costs, it cannot be considered a complete life-cycle cost analysis. However, the purpose of this analysis is to establish the potential viability of the DUAGG process as a private commercial venture to meet a market demand for advanced spent nuclear fuel (SNF) storage and transport casks.

  5. Marked over expression of uncoupling protein-2 in beta cells exerts minor effects on mitochondrial metabolism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hals, Ingrid K., E-mail: ingrid.hals@ntnu.no [Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway); Ogata, Hirotaka; Pettersen, Elin [Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway)] [Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway); Ma, Zuheng; Bjoerklund, Anneli [Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden); Skorpen, Frank [Department of Laboratory Medicine, NTNU, Trondheim (Norway)] [Department of Laboratory Medicine, NTNU, Trondheim (Norway); Egeberg, Kjartan Wollo [Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway)] [Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway); Grill, Valdemar [Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway) [Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim (Norway); Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The impact of UCP-2 over expression on mitochondrial function is controversial. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We tested mitochondrial functions at defined levels of overexpression. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We find minor increases of fatty acid oxidation and uncoupling. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Effects were seen only at high level (fourfold) of over expression. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hence it is doubtful whether these effects are of importance in diabetes. -- Abstract: Evidence is conflicting as to the impact of elevated levels of uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2) on insulin-producing beta cells. Here we investigated effects of a fourfold induction of UCP-2 protein primarily on mitochondrial parameters and tested for replication of positive findings at a lower level of induction. We transfected INS-1 cells to obtain a tet-on inducible cell line. A 48 h exposure to 1 {mu}g/ml of doxycycline (dox) induced UCP-2 fourfold (424 {+-} 113%, mean {+-} SEM) and 0.1 {mu}g/ml twofold (178 {+-} 29%, n = 3). Fourfold induced cells displayed normal viability (MTT, apoptosis), normal cellular insulin contents and, glucose-induced insulin secretion (+27 {+-} 11%) as well as D-[U-{sup 14}C]-glucose oxidation (+5 {+-} 9% at 11 mM glucose). Oxidation of [1-{sup 14}C]-oleate was increased from 4088 to 5797 fmol/{mu}g prot/2 h at 3.3 mM glucose, p < 0.03. Oxidation of L-[{sup 14}C(U)]-glutamine was unaffected. Induction of UCP-2 did not significantly affect measures of mitochondrial membrane potential (Rhodamine 123) or mitochondrial mass (Mitotracker Green) and did not affect ATP levels. Oligomycin-inhibited oxygen consumption (a measure of mitochondrial uncoupling) was marginally increased, the effect being significant in comparison with dox-only treated cells, p < 0.05. Oxygen radicals, assessed by dichlorofluorescin diacetate, were decreased by 30%, p < 0.025. Testing for the lower level of UCP-2 induction did not reproduce any of the positive findings. A fourfold induction of UCP-2 was required to exert minor metabolic effects. These findings question an impact of moderately elevated UCP-2 levels in beta cells as seen in diabetes.

  6. Method of pressurizing and stabilizing rock by periodic and repeated injections of a settable fluid of finite gel strength

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Colgate, S.A.

    1983-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A finite region of overpressure can be created in solid underground formations by the periodic injection of a fluid that has finite gel strength that subsequently, after each injection, partially sets--i.e., equivalently becomes a very much stronger gel. A region of overpressure is a region in which the static, locked in pressure is larger than what was there before. A region of overpressure can be used to prevent a roof of a tunnel from caving by adding compressive stresses in the roof. A sequence of regions of overpressure can be used to lift an arch or dome underground, squeeze off water or gas flows, stabilize dams, foundations, large underground rooms, etc. In general, the stress or pressure distribution in rock can be altered and engineered in a fashion that is more advantageous than what would have been the case without overstressing. 3 figs.

  7. Computer models to support investigations of surface subsidence and associated ground motion induced by underground coal gasification. [STEALTH Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Langland, R.T.; Trent, B.C.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two computer codes compare surface subsidence induced by underground coal gasification at Hoe Creek, Wyoming, and Centralia, Washington. Calculations with the STEALTH explicit finite-difference code are shown to match equivalent, implicit finite-element method solutions for the removal of underground material. Effects of removing roof material, varying elastic constants, investigating thermal shrinkage, and burning multiple coal seams are studied. A coupled, finite-difference continuum rigid-block caving code is used to model underground opening behavior. Numerical techniques agree qualitatively with empirical studies but, so far, underpredict ground surface displacement. The two methods, numerical and empirical, are most effective when used together. It is recommended that the thermal characteristics of coal measure rock be investigated and that additional calculations be carried out to longer times so that cooling influences can be modeled.

  8. Rocky Mountain Basins Produced Water Database

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Historical records for produced water data were collected from multiple sources, including Amoco, British Petroleum, Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, United States Geological Survey (USGS), Wyoming Oil and Gas Commission (WOGC), Denver Earth Resources Library (DERL), Bill Barrett Corporation, Stone Energy, and other operators. In addition, 86 new samples were collected during the summers of 2003 and 2004 from the following areas: Waltman-Cave Gulch, Pinedale, Tablerock and Wild Rose. Samples were tested for standard seven component "Stiff analyses", and strontium and oxygen isotopes. 16,035 analyses were winnowed to 8028 unique records for 3276 wells after a data screening process was completed. [Copied from the Readme document in the zipped file available at http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/oil-gas/Software/database.html] Save the Zipped file to your PC. When opened, it will contain four versions of the database: ACCESS, EXCEL, DBF, and CSV formats. The information consists of detailed water analyses from basins in the Rocky Mountain region.

  9. Geophysical Investigations of Archaeological Resources in Southern Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenda Ringe Pace; Gail Heath; Clark Scott; Carlan McDaniel

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the Idaho National Laboratory and other locations across southern Idaho, geophysical tools are being used to discover, map, and evaluate archaeological sites. A variety of settings are being explored to expand the library of geophysical signatures relevant to archaeology in the region. Current targets of interest include: prehistoric archaeological features in open areas as well as lava tube caves, historical structures and activity areas, and emigrant travel paths. We draw from a comprehensive, state of the art geophysical instrumentation pool to support this work. Equipment and facilities include ground penetrating radar, electromagnetic and magnetic sensors, multiple resistivity instruments, advanced positioning instrumentation, state of the art processing and data analysis software, and laboratory facilities for controlled experiments.

  10. Quantum interference within the complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chou, Chia-Chun, E-mail: chiachun@mail.utexas.ed [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Sanz, Angel S., E-mail: asanz@imaff.cfmac.csic.e [Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Miret-Artes, Salvador, E-mail: s.miret@imaff.cfmac.csic.e [Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Wyatt, Robert E., E-mail: wyattre@mail.utexas.ed [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum interference is investigated within the complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. As shown in a previous work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 (2009) 250401], complex quantum trajectories display helical wrapping around stagnation tubes and hyperbolic deflection near vortical tubes, these structures being prominent features of quantum caves in space-time Argand plots. Here, we further analyze the divergence and vorticity of the quantum momentum function along streamlines near poles, showing the intricacy of the complex dynamics. Nevertheless, despite this behavior, we show that the appearance of the well-known interference features (on the real axis) can be easily understood in terms of the rotation of the nodal line in the complex plane. This offers a unified description of interference as well as an elegant and practical method to compute the lifetime for interference features, defined in terms of the average wrapping time, i.e., considering such features as a resonant process.

  11. Computer models to support investigations of surface subsidence and associated ground motion induced by underground coal gasification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trent, B.C.; Langland, R.T.

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two computer codes compare surface subsidence induced by underground coal gasification at Hoe Creek, Wyoming, and Centralia, Washington. Calculations with the STEALTH explicit finite-difference code are shown to match equivalent, implicit finite-element method solutions for the removal of underground material. Effects of removing roof material, varying elastic constants, investigating thermal shrinkage, and burning multiple coal seams are studied. A coupled, finite-difference continuum rigid-block caving code is used to model underground opening behavior. Numerical techniques agree qualitatively with empirical studies but, so far, underpredict ground surface displacement. The two methods, numerical and empirical, are most effective when used together. It is recommended that the thermal characteristics of coal measure rock be investigated and that additional calculations be carried out to longer times so that cooling influences can be modeled.

  12. The Crystallization Behavior of Porous PLA Prepared by Modified Solvent Casting/Particulate Leaching Technique for Potential Use of Tissue Engineering Scaffold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ran Huang; Xiaomin Zhu; Haiyan Tu; Ajun Wan

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The porous PLA foams potential for tissue engineering usage are prepared by a modified solvent casting/particulate leaching method with different crystallinity. Since in typical method the porogens are solved in the solution and flow with the polymers during the casting and the crystallinity behavior of PLA chains in the limited space cannot be tracked, in this work the processing is modified by diffusing the PLA solution into a steady salt stack. With a thermal treatment before leaching while maintaining the stable structure of the porogens stack, the crystallinity of porous foams is made possible to control. The characterizations indicate the crystallization of porous foams is in a manner of lower crystallibility than the bulk materials. Pores and caves of around 250{\\mu}m size are obtained in samples with different crystallinity. The macro-structures are not much impaired by the crystallization nevertheless the morphological effect of the heating process is still obvious.

  13. Idaho National Laboratory Cultural Resource Monitoring Report for 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Julie B. Williams; Brenda Pace

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the cultural resource monitoring activities of the Idaho National Laboratory’s (INL) Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Office during 2013. Throughout the year, thirty-eight cultural resource localities were revisited including: two locations with Native American human remains, one of which is also a cave; fourteen additional caves; seven prehistoric archaeological sites ; four historic archaeological sites; one historic trail; one nuclear resource (Experimental Breeder Reactor-I, a designated National Historic Landmark); and nine historic structures located at the Central Facilities Area. Of the monitored resources, thirty-three were routinely monitored, and five were monitored to assess project compliance with cultural resource recommendations along with the effects of ongoing project activities. On six occasions, ground disturbing activities within the boundaries of the Power Burst Facility/Critical Infrastructure Test Range Complex (PBF/CITRC) were observed by INL CRM staff prepared to respond to any additional finds of Native American human remains. In addition, two resources were visited more than once as part of the routine monitoring schedule or to monitor for additional damage. Throughout the year, most of the cultural resources monitored had no visual adverse changes resulting in Type 1determinations. However, Type 2 impacts were noted at eight sites, indicating that although impacts were noted or that a project was operating outside of culturally cleared limitations, cultural resources retained integrity and noted impacts did not threaten National Register eligibility. No new Type 3 or any Type 4 impacts that adversely impacted cultural resources and threatened National Register eligibility were observed at cultural resources monitored in 2013.

  14. Development of In Vitro Systems for Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) - Final Report for 1992 to 2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conger, B.V.

    2003-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Our project began on July 1, 1992, with the objective of developing systems that could be used in biotechnological approaches to switchgrass improvement. Within six months after initiation of the project, we had worked out protocols in which plants could be regenerated from callus cultures through both organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis. Documentation for both modes of regeneration was provided in our progress reports and in publications. One thousand regenerated plants were established in the field during the first year. We found that Alamo (lowland type) was much more amenable to in vitro culture, and plants could be regenerated much more easily than from Cave-in-Rock (upland type). During the first three years of the project, we studied the influence of genotype, culture medium components, explant type, etc., on regeneration. As mentioned, we found that the lowland cultivars Alamo and Kanlow were much easier to regenerate than upland cultivars, such as Trailblazer, Blackwell, and Cave-in-Rock. For callus induction, we initially used mature caryopses, young leaf tissue, and portions of seedlings. We were successful in inducing callus and regenerating plants from all explants. Two other systems developed during the 4th to 6th year period of the project included multiple shoot formation initiated from germinated seedlings and regenerable suspension cultures. The latter were initiated from embryogenic calluses produced from in vitro developed inflorescences. An important factor for producing multiple shoots was the presence of thidiazuron in the medium. The shoots could be easily rooted and numerous plantlets produced. The last 3 to 4 years of the project focused on anther and microspore culture experiments to produce haploid plants and on genetic transformation. Although thousands of putative haploid plants were produced from a few anthers, they were very weak and difficult to keep alive. Chromosome counts revealed the gametic number in cells where it was possible to count chromosomes. The isolated microspore culture experiments were not successful.

  15. Deposition and diagenesis of a cratonic Silurian platform reef, Pipe Creek Jr. , Indiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simo, A.; Lehmann, P.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petrographic and geochemical characteristics of the Pipe Creek Jr. paragenesis record the stratigraphic and burial evolution of the cratonic Silurian platform of Indiana during Late Silurian to Pennsylvanian. A variety of several diagenetic fluids acting over geological time affected the reef. The paragenetic sequence is as follows: (1) precipitation of turbid, fibrous, blotchy cathodoluminescent (CL) cement; (2) dolomitization of mud-rich facies; (3) precipitation of clear, zoned CL equant calcite cements; (4) fracturing and karst formation, partially filled by geopetal silt and sandstone; (5) precipitation of clear, dull CL, ferroan to nonferroan equant calcite cement, ferroan dolomite overgrowth and equant dolomite cement in moldic porosity, caves and fractures; (6) microdissolution and hydrocarbon emplacement; and (7) stylolitization. The New Albany Shale was both the hydrocarbon source and top seal to the fossil Pipe Creek Jr. oil field with original oil in place estimated at 11 million bbl. The level of organic metamorphism of the New Albany Shale, the oil residue, and the two-phase fluid inclusions in the burial cements suggest that sediments accumulated on the platform throughout Mississippian time.

  16. The use of explosives by the US Antarctic Program. Environmental report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ensminger, J.T.; Blasing, T.J.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report was prepared to assist principal investigators and others in complying with NEPA and the protocol on environmental protection to the Antarctic Treaty. Research activities and associated support operations in Antarctica sometimes require use of explosives. This report evaluates potential environmental impacts associated with such activities and possible methods for mitigating those impacts. The greatest single use of explosives, and the only type of blasting that will occur on the Polar Plateau (an exception is the rare use of explosives to cave in dangerous ice for safety reasons), is for seismic surveys. The charges for these are small-scale, are placed in or on the snow or ice, are distributed linearly over long distances, and present no potential impacts to soil or geological substrata. Impacts from those would be less than minor or transitory. Wherever possible, blasting holes in sea ice will be replaced by drilling by auger or melting. Other uses of explosives, such as in geologic research and construction, are discussed.

  17. The 1983 Temperature Gradient and Heat Flow Drilling Project for the State of Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korosec, Michael A.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Summer of 1983, the Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources carried out a three-hole drilling program to collect temperature gradient and heat flow information near potential geothermal resource target areas. The project was part of the state-coupled US Department of Energy Geothermal Program. Richardson Well Drilling of Tacoma, Washington was subcontracted through the State to perform the work. The general locations of the project areas are shown in figure 1. The first hole, DNR 83-1, was located within the Green River valley northwest of Mount St. Helens. This site is near the Green River Soda Springs and along the projection of the Mount St. Helens--Elk Lake seismic zone. The other two holes were drilled near Mount Baker. Hole DNR 83-3 was sited about 1/4 km west of the Baker Hot Springs, 10.5 km east of Mount Baker, while hole DNR 83-5 was located along Rocky Creek in the Sulphur Creek Valley. The Rocky Creek hole is about 10 km south-southwest of the peak. Two other holes, DNR 83-2 and DNR 83-4, were located on the north side of the Sulphur Creek Valley. Both holes were abandoned at early stages of drilling because of deep overburden and severe caving problems. The sites were apparently located atop old landslide deposits.

  18. Idaho National Laboratory Cultural Resource Monitoring Report for Fiscal Year 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenda R. Pace

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the cultural resource monitoring activities of the Idaho National Laboratory’s (INL) Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Office during fiscal year 2007 (FY 2007). In FY 2007, 40 localities were revisited: two locations of heightened Shoshone-Bannock tribal sensitivity, four caves, three butte/craters, twelve prehistoric archaeological sites, two historic stage stations, nine historic homesteads, a portion of Goodale’s Cutoff of the Oregon Trail, a portion of historic trail T-16, one World War II dump, four buildings from the World War II period, and Experimental Breeder Reactor –I, a modern scientific facility and National Historic Landmark. Several INL project areas were also monitored in FY 2007. This included direct observation of ground disturbing activities within the Power Burst Facility (PBF, now designated as the Critical Infrastructure Test Range Complex – CITRC), backfilling operations associated with backhoe trenches along the Big Lost River, and geophysical surveys designed to pinpoint subsurface unexploded ordnance in the vicinity of the Naval Ordnance Disposal Area. Surprise checks were also made to three ongoing INL projects to ensure compliance with INL CRM Office recommendations to avoid impacts to cultural resources. Although some impacts were documented, no significant adverse effects that would threaten the National Register eligibility of any resource were observed at any location.

  19. Survey of protected terrestrial vertebrates on the Oak Ridge Reservation 1995 annual progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vail, E.R.; Mitchell, J.M.; Webb, J.W.; King, A.L.; Hamlett, P.A.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This progress report discusses surveys of protected terrestrial vertebrates on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) from October 1994 through September 1995. These surveys are important to help avoid or minimize potential impacts of projects on the ORR to species listed as threatened, endangered, or in need of management by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. Currently, there are 69 species of federally or state-listed terrestrial vertebrates that may occur in Tennessee. Not all of these are expected to occur on the ORR, nor do resources permit comprehensive sampling for all of them over the entire ORR. To effectively organize sampling efforts, listed animal species that might be present were targeted using a prioritization system based on historical and recent sightings, species distributions, literature reviews, and personal communications. Sampling was conducted during the time of the year when each targeted species would most likely be encountered. Several trapping and surveying methods were used, including pitfall traps, Sherman traps, seining, artificial covers, and cave and avian surveys.

  20. Cold fusion verification. Final report for period ending 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    North, M.H.; Mastny, G.F.; Wesley, E.J.

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this work to verify and reproduce experimental observations of Cold Nuclear Fusion (CNF), as originally reported in 1989. The method was to start with the original report and add such additional information as became available to build a set of operational electrolytic CNF cells. Verification was to be achieved by first observing cells for neutron production, and for those cells that demonstrated a nuclear effect, careful calorimetric measurements were planned. The authors concluded, after laboratory experience, reading published work, talking with others in the field, and attending conferences, that CNF probably is chimera and will go the way of N-rays and polywater. The neutron detector used for these tests was a completely packaged unit built into a metal suitcase that afforded electrostatic shielding for the detectors and self-contained electronics. It was battery-powered, although it was on charge for most of the long tests. The sensor element consists of He detectors arranged in three independent layers in a solid moderating block. The count from each of the three layers as well as the sum of all the detectors were brought out and recorded separately. The neutron measurements were made with both the neutron detector and the sample tested in a cave made of thick moderating material that surrounded the two units on the sides and bottom.

  1. Method of underground mining by pillar extraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bowen, Ray J. (1879 Delann, Salt Lake City, UT 84121); Bowen, William R. (1636 Sunnydale La., Salt Lake City, UT 84108)

    1980-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of sublevel caving and pillar and top coal extraction for mining thick coal seams includes the advance mining of rooms and crosscuts along the bottom of a seam to a height of about eight feet, and the retreat mining of the top coal from the rooms, crosscuts and portions of the pillars remaining from formation of the rooms and cross-cuts. In the retreat mining, a pocket is formed in a pillar, the top coal above the pocket is drilled, charged and shot, and then the fallen coal is loaded by a continuous miner so that the operator remains under a roof which has not been shot. The top coal from that portion of the room adjacent the pocket is then mined, and another pocket is formed in the pillar. The top coal above the second pocket is mined followed by the mining of the top coal of that portion of the room adjacent the second pocket, all by use of a continuous miner which allows the operator to remain under a roof portion which has not been shot.

  2. Summary discussion of the 1996 performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HELTON,JON CRAIG; ANDERSON,D. RICHARD; BASABILVAZO,G.; JOW,HONG-NIAN; MARIETTA,MELVIN G.

    2000-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is under development by the US Department of Energy (DOE) for the geologic disposal of transuranic waste. The construction of complementary cumulative distribution functions (CCDFs) for total radionuclide release from the WIPP to the accessible environment is described. The resultant CCDFs (1) combine releases due to cuttings and cavings, spallings, direct brine release, and long-term transport in flowing groundwater, (2) fall substantially to the left of the boundary line specified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) standard 40 CFR 191 for the geologic disposal of radioactive waste, and (3) constitute an important component of the DOE's successful Compliance Certification Application to the EPA for the WIPP. Insights and perspectives gained in the performance assessment (PA) that led to these CCDFs are described, including the importance of (1) an iterative approach to PA, (2) uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, (3) a clear conceptual model for the analysis, (4) the separation of stochastic (i.e., aleatory) and subjective (i.e., epistemic) uncertainty, (5) quality assurance procedures, (6) early involvement of peer reviewers, regulators, and stake holders, (7) avoidance of conservative assumptions, and (8) adequate documentation.

  3. National Scientific User Facility Purpose and Capabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. E. Rosenberg; T. R. Allen; J. C. Haley; M. K. Meyer

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) designated the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) as a National Scientific User Facility (NSUF) in April 2007. This designation allows the ATR to become a cornerstone of nuclear energy research and development (R&D) within the U.S. by making it easier for universities, the commercial power industry, other national laboratories, and international organizations to conduct nuclear energy R&D. The mission of the ATR NSUF is to provide nuclear energy researchers access to world-class facilities, thereby facilitating the advancement of nuclear science and technology within the U.S. In support of this mission, hot cell laboratories are being upgraded. These upgrades include a set of lead shielded cells that will house Irradiated Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking (IASCC) test rigs and construction of a shielded laboratory facility. A primary function of this shielded laboratory is to provide a state of the art type laboratory facility that is functional, efficient and flexible that is dedicated to the analysis and characterization of nuclear and non-nuclear materials. The facility shall be relatively easy to reconfigure to provide laboratory scale hot cave space for housing current and future nuclear material scientific research instruments.

  4. Consolidation and shear failure leading to subsidence and settlement. Part I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abeele, W.V.

    1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subsidence and settlement are phenomena that are much more destructive than generally thought. In shallow land burials they may lead to cracking of the overburden and eventual exposure and escape of waste material. The primary causes are consolidation and cave-ins. Laboratory studies performed at Los Alamos permit us to predict settlement caused by consolidation or natural compaction of the crushed tuff overburden. We have also investigated the shear failure characteristics of crushed tuff that may lead to subsidence. Examples of expected settlement and subsidence are calculated based on the known geotechnical characteristics of crushed tuff. The same thing is done for bontonite/tuff mixes because some field experiments were performed using this additive (bentonite) to reduce the hydraulic conductivity of the crushed tuff. Remedial actions, i.e., means to limit the amount of settlement, are discussed. Finally, we briefly comment on our current field experiment, which studies the influence of subsidence on layered systems in general and on biombarriers in particular.

  5. Consolidation and shear failure leading to subsidence and settlement. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abeele, W.; Nyhan, J.W.; Hakonson, T.E.; Drennon, B.J.; Lopez, E.A.; Herrera, W.J.; Langhorst, G.J.; Martinez, J.L.; Trujillo, G.

    1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subsidence and settlement are phenomena that are much more destructive than generally thought. In shallow land burials they may lead to cracking of the overburden and eventual exposure and escape of waste material. The primary causes are consolidation and cave-ins. Laboratory studies performed at Los Alamos permit us to predict settlement caused by consolidation or natural compaction of the crushed tuff overburden. We have also investigated the shear failure characteristics of crushed tuff that may lead to subsidence. Examples of expected settlement and subsidence are calculated based on the known geotechnical characteristics of crushed tuff. The same thing is done for bentonite/tuff mixes because some field experiments were performed using this additive (bentonite) to reduce the hydraulic conductivity of the crushed tuff. Remedial actions, i.e., means to limit the amount of settlement, are discussed. We finally discuss our field experiment, which studies the influence of subsidence on layered systems in general and on biobarriers in particular. The share of the produced cavities is compared with cavities produced by idealized voids in an idealized environment. Study of root penetration at subsidence sites gives us an indication of the remaining degree of integrity. 30 refs., 24 figs., 19 tabs.

  6. Idaho National Laboratory Cultural Resource Monitoring Report for FY 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenda R. Pace

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the cultural resource monitoring activities of the Idaho National Laboratory’s (INL) Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Office during fiscal year 2008 (FY 2008). Throughout the year, 45 cultural resource localities were revisited including: two locations of heightened Shoshone-Bannock tribal sensitivity, four caves, one butte, twenty-eight prehistoric archaeological sites, three historic homesteads, two historic stage stations, one historic canal construction camp, three historic trails, and Experimental Breeder Reactor-I, which is a designated National Historic Landmark. Several INL project areas were also monitored in FY 2008 to assess project compliance with cultural resource recommendations, confirm the locations of previously recorded cultural resources in relation to project activities, to assess the damage caused by fire-fighting efforts, and to watch for cultural materials during ground disturbing activities. Although impacts were documented at a few locations, no significant adverse effects that would threaten the National Register eligibility of any resource were observed. Monitoring also demonstrated that INL projects generally remain in compliance with recommendations to protect cultural resources

  7. R&D ERL: Beam dynamics, parameters, and physics to be learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kayran, D.

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The R&D ERL facility at BNL aims to demonstrate CW operation of ERL with average beam current in the range of 0.1-1 ampere, combined with very high efficiency of energy recovery. The ERL is being installed in one of the spacious bays in Bldg. 912 of the RHIC/AGS complex (Fig. 1). The bay is equipped with an overhead crane. The facility has a control room, two service rooms and a shielded ERL cave. The control room is located outside of the bay in a separate building. The single story house is used for a high voltage power supply for 1 MW klystron. The two-story unit houses a laser room, the CW 1 MW klystron with its accessories, most of the power supplies and electronics. The ERL R&D program has been started by the Collider Accelerator Department (C-AD) at BNL as an important stepping-stone for 10-fold increase of the luminosity of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) using relativistic electron cooling of gold ion beams with energy of 100 GeV per nucleon. Furthermore, the ERL R&D program extends toward a possibility of using 10-20 GeV ERL for future electron-hadron/heavy ion collider, MeRHIC/eRHIC. These projects are the driving force behind the development of ampere-class ERL technology, which will find many applications including light sources and FELs. The intensive R&D program geared towards the construction of the prototype ERL is under way: from development of high efficiency photo-cathodes to the development of new merging system compatible with emittance compensation.

  8. Residues of lead, cadmium, and arsenic in livers of Mexican free-tailed bats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thies, M.; Gregory, D. (Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater (United States))

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1936, the size of the summer population of Mexican free-tailed bats, Tadarida brasiliensisat Carlsbad Caverns, New Mexico, declined from an estimated 8.7 million to 700,000 in 1991. This decline has been attributed primarily to human disturbance and the heavy agricultural use of organochlorine pesticides. Members of this species forage extensively over heavily agricultural areas, feeding on insects potentially contaminated with high levels of insecticides and trace metals. However, contamination from elements such as lead, cadmium, and arsenic have not been examined. The accumulation of these elements in wild vertebrates is often a primary reflection of contamination of the food supply. The presence of elemental contaminants in body tissues of bats is poorly documented. The objectives of this study were to examine and compare lead, cadmium, and arsenic contamination in livers of adult T. Brasiliensis from Carlsbad Caverns and Vickery Cave, a maternity colony in northwestern Oklahoma. Lead, cadmium, and arsenic were specifically selected because of their documented toxic and/or reproductive effects and their potential availability to this species. Large quantities of tetraethyl lead have been released into the environment and other lead compounds continue to be released by industrial manufacturing and petroleum refinement processes. Cadmium is used in a number of industrial processes such as metal plating and fabrication of alloys and is released from phosphate fertilizers and combusted coals. Teratogenicity appears to be greater for cadmium than for other elements. Arsenical compounds have been commonly used as herbicides and defoliants. These compounds have been demonstrated to cause abnormal embryonic development, degenerative tissue changes, cancer, chromosomal damage, and death in domestic animals.

  9. Evaluating the Impact of Head Rotation Amplification on Virtual Reality Training Effectiveness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ragan, Eric D [ORNL] [ORNL; Bowman, Doug A [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University] [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Scerbo, Siroberto [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University] [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Bacim, Felipe [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University] [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Virtual reality (VR) systems have been proposed for use in numerous training scenarios, such as room clearing, which require the trainee to maintain spatial awareness. But many VR training systems lack a fully surrounding display, requiring trainees to use a combination of physical and virtual turns to view the environment, thus decreasing spatial awareness. One solution to this problem is to amplify head rotations, such that smaller physical turns are mapped to larger virtual turns, allowing trainees to view the surrounding environment with head movements alone. For example, in a multi-monitor system covering only a 90-degree field of regard, head rotations could be amplified four times to allow the user to see the entire 360-degree surrounding environment. This solution is attractive because it can be used with lower-cost VR systems and does not require virtual turning. However, the effects of amplified head rotations on spatial awareness and training transfer are not well understood. We hypothesized that small amounts of amplification might be tolerable, but that larger amplifications might cause trainees to become disoriented and to have decreased task performance and training transfer. In this paper, we will present our findings from an experiment designed to investigate these hypotheses. The experiment placed users in a virtual warehouse and asked them to move from room to room, counting objects placed around them in space. We varied the amount of amplification applied during these trials, and also varied the type of display used (head-mounted display or CAVE). We measured task performance and spatial awareness. We then assessed training transfer in an assessment environment with a fully surrounding display and no amplification. The results of this study will inform VR training system developers about the potential negative effects of using head rotation amplification and contribute to more effective VR training system design.

  10. Recent drilling activities at the earth power resources Tuscarora geothermal power project's hot sulphur springs lease area.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goranson, Colin

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Earth Power Resources, Inc. recently completed a combined rotary/core hole to a depth of 3,813 feet at it's Hot Sulphur Springs Tuscarora Geothermal Power Project Lease Area located 70-miles north of Elko, Nevada. Previous geothermal exploration data were combined with geologic mapping and newly acquired seismic-reflection data to identify a northerly tending horst-graben structure approximately 2,000 feet wide by at least 6,000 feet long with up to 1,700 feet of vertical offset. The well (HSS-2) was successfully drilled through a shallow thick sequence of altered Tertiary Volcanic where previous exploration wells had severe hole-caving problems. The ''tight-hole'' drilling problems were reduced using drilling fluids consisting of Polymer-based mud mixed with 2% Potassium Chloride (KCl) to reduce Smectite-type clay swelling problems. Core from the 330 F fractured geothermal reservoir system at depths of 2,950 feet indicated 30% Smectite type clays existed in a fault-gouge zone where total loss of circulation occurred during coring. Smectite-type clays are not typically expected at temperatures above 300 F. The fracture zone at 2,950 feet exhibited a skin-damage during injection testing suggesting that the drilling fluids may have caused clay swelling and subsequent geothermal reservoir formation damage. The recent well drilling experiences indicate that drilling problems in the shallow clays at Hot Sulphur Springs can be reduced. In addition, average penetration rates through the caprock system can be on the order of 25 to 35 feet per hour. This information has greatly reduced the original estimated well costs that were based on previous exploration drilling efforts. Successful production formation drilling will depend on finding drilling fluids that will not cause formation damage in the Smectite-rich fractured geothermal reservoir system. Information obtained at Hot Sulphur Springs may apply to other geothermal systems developed in volcanic settings.

  11. Mine seismicity and the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiappetta, F. [Blasting Analysis International, Allentown, PA (United States); Heuze, F.; Walter, W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Hopler, R. [Powderman Consulting Inc., Oxford, MD (United States); Hsu, V. [Air Force Technical Applications Center, Patrick AFB, FL (United States); Martin, B. [Thunder Basin Coal Co., Wright, WY (United States); Pearson, C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Stump, B. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States); Zipf, K. [Univ. of New South Wales (Australia)

    1998-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Surface and underground mining operations generate seismic ground motions which are created by chemical explosions and ground failures. It may come as a surprise to some that the ground failures (coal bumps, first caves, pillar collapses, rockbursts, etc.) can send signals whose magnitudes are as strong or stronger than those from any mining blast. A verification system that includes seismic, infrasound, hydroacoustic and radionuclide sensors is being completed as part of the CTBT. The largest mine blasts and ground failures will be detected by this system and must be identified as distinct from signals generated by small nuclear explosions. Seismologists will analyze the seismic records and presumably should be able to separate them into earthquake-like and non earthquake-like categories, using a variety of so-called seismic discriminants. Non-earthquake essentially means explosion- or implosion-like. Such signals can be generated not only by mine blasts but also by a variety of ground failures. Because it is known that single-fired chemical explosions and nuclear explosion signals of the same yield give very similar seismic records, the non-earthquake signals will be of concern to the Treaty verification community. The magnitude of the mine-related events is in the range of seismicity created by smaller nuclear explosions or decoupled tests, which are of particular concern under the Treaty. It is conceivable that legitimate mining blasts or some mine-induced ground failures could occasionally be questioned. Information such as shot time, location and design parameters may be all that is necessary to resolve the event identity. In rare instances where the legitimate origin of the event could not be resolved by a consultation and clarification procedure, it might trigger on On-Site Inspection (OSI). Because there is uncertainty in the precise location of seismic event as determined by the International Monitoring System (IMS), the OSI can cover an area of up to 1,000 squared kilometers. In active mining districts this area could include several different mining operations. So, an OSI could be disruptive both to the mining community and to the US Government which must host the foreign inspection team. Accordingly, it is in the best interest of all US parties to try and eliminate the possible occurrence of false alarms. This can be achieved primarily by reducing the ambiguity of mine-induced seismic signals, so that even if these remain visible to the IMS they are clearly consistent with recognizable mining patterns.

  12. Deployment of a Full-Scope Commercial Nuclear Power Plant Control Room Simulator at the Idaho National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald Boring; Julius Persensky; Kenneth Thomas

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The INL operates the HSSL to conduct research in the design and evaluation of advanced reactor control rooms, integration of intelligent support systems to assist operators, development and assessment of advanced human performance models, and visualizations to assess advanced operational concepts across various infrastructures. This advanced facility consists of a reconfigurable simulator and a virtual reality capability (known as the Computer-Aided Virtual Environment (CAVE)) (Figure 2). It supports human factors research, including human-in-the-loop performance, HSI, and analog and digital hybrid control displays. It can be applied to the development and evaluation of control systems and displays for complex systems such as existing and advanced NPP control rooms, command and control systems, and advance emergency operations centers. The HSSL incorporates a reconfigurable control room simulator, which is currently housed in the Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES), a joint venture of the DOE and the Idaho University System. The simulator is a platform- and plant-neutral environment intended for full-scope and part-task testing of operator performance in various control room configurations. The simulator is not limited to a particular plant or even simulator architecture. It can support engineering simulator platforms from multiple vendors using digital interfaces. Due to its ability to be reconfigured, it is possible to switch the HSI - not just to digital panels but also to different control modalities such as those using greater plant automation or intelligent alarm filtering. The simulator currently includes three operator workstations, each capable of driving up to eight 30-inch monitors. The size and number of monitors varies depending on the particular front-end simulator deployed for a simulator study. These operator workstations would typically be used for the shift supervisor or senior reactor operator, reactor operator, and assistant reactor operator in current US NPPs. In addition to the three workstations, information can be shared between the workstations and further displayed on a large-screen overview display or a panel mimic. An 82-inch high-definition display is commonly used for the overview display.

  13. Feasibility report on alternative methods for cooling cavern oils at the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levin, Bruce L.; Lord, David L.; Hadgu, Teklu

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil caverns at the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) are subjected to geothermal heating from the surrounding domal salt. This process raises the temperature of the crude oil from around 75 F upon delivery to SPR to as high as 130 F after decades of storage. While this temperature regime is adequate for long-term storage, it poses challenges for offsite delivery, with warm oil evolving gases that pose handling and safety problems. SPR installed high-capacity oil coolers in the mid-1990's to mitigate the emissions problem by lowering the oil delivery temperature. These heat exchanger units use incoming raw water as the cooling fluid, and operate only during a drawdown event where incoming water displaces the outgoing oil. The design criteria for the heat exchangers are to deliver oil at 100 F or less under all drawdown conditions. Increasing crude oil vapor pressures due in part to methane intrusion in the caverns is threatening to produce sufficient emissions at or near 100 F to cause the cooled oil to violate delivery requirements. This impending problem has initiated discussion and analysis of alternative cooling methods to bring the oil temperature even lower than the original design basis of 100 F. For the study described in this report, two alternative cooling methods were explored: (1) cooling during a limited drawdown, and (2) cooling during a degas operation. Both methods employ the heat exchangers currently in place, and do not require extra equipment. An analysis was run using two heat transfer models, HEATEX, and CaveMan, both developed at Sandia National Laboratories. For cooling during a limited drawdown, the cooling water flowrate through the coolers was varied from 1:1 water:oil to about 3:1, with an increased cooling capacity of about 3-7 F for the test cavern Bryan Mound 108 depending upon seasonal temperature effects. For cooling in conjunction with a degas operation in the winter, cavern oil temperatures for the test cavern Big Hill 102 were cooled sufficiently that the cavern required about 9 years to return to the temperature prior to degas. Upon reviewing these results, the authors recommended to the U.S. Department of Energy that a broader study of the cooling during degas be pursued in order to examine the potential benefits of cooling on all caverns in the current degasification schedule.

  14. DRSPALL :spallings model for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant 2004 recertification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilkey, Amy P. (GRAM Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Hansen, Clifford W.; Schatz, John F. (John F. Schatz Research & Consulting, Inc., Del Mar, CA); Rudeen, David Keith (GRAM Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Lord, David L.

    2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a model to estimate the spallings releases for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Performance Assessment (WIPP PA). A spallings release in the context of WIPP PA refers to a portion of the solid waste transported from the subsurface repository to the ground surface due to inadvertent oil or gas drilling into the WIPP repository at some time after site closure. Some solid waste will be removed by the action of the drillbit and drilling fluid; this waste is referred to as cuttings and cavings. If the repository is pressurized above hydrostatic at the time of intrusion, solid waste material local to the borehole may be subject to mechanical failure and entrainment in high-velocity gases as the repository pressure is released to the borehole. Solid material that fails and is transported into the wellbore and thus to the surface comprise the spallings releases. The spallings mechanism is analogous to a well blowout in the modern oil and gas drilling industry. The current spallings conceptual model and associated computer code, DRSPALL, were developed for the 2004 recertification because the prior spallings model used in the 1996 WIPP Compliance Certification Application (CCA) was judged by an independent peer review panel as inadequate (DOE 1996, 9.3.1). The current conceptual model for spallings addresses processes that take place several minutes before and after a borehole intrusion of a WIPP waste room. The model couples a pipe-flow wellbore model with a porous flow repository model, allowing high-pressure gas to flow from the repository to the wellbore through a growing cavity region at the well bottom. An elastic stress model is applied to the porous solid domain that allows for mechanical failure of repository solids if local tensile stress exceeds the tensile strength of the waste. Tensile-failed solids may be entrained into the wellbore flow stream by a fluidized bed model, in which case they are ultimately transported to the land surface comprising a release. In July 2003, DOE/SNL presented the spallings conceptual model to a independent peer review panel in accordance with NUREG 1297 guidelines (NRC, 1988). The panel ultimately judged the model as adequate for implementation in WIPP PA (Yew et al., 2003). This report documents the spallings model history from 1997 to the implementation of DRSPALL in the 2004 Compliance Recertification Application (CRA) (DOE, 2004). The scope of this report includes descriptions of the conceptual model, numerical model, verification and validation techniques, model sensitivity studies, and WIPP PA spallings results as presented in the 2004 CRA.

  15. SPATIALLY-EXPLICIT BAT IMPACT SCREENING TOOL FOR WIND TURBINE SITING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Versar, Inc.; Exponent, Inc.

    2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    As the U.S. seeks to increase energy production from renewable energy sources, development of wind power resources continues to grow. One of the most important ecological issues restricting wind energy development, especially the siting of wind turbines, is the potential adverse effect on bats. High levels of bat fatality have been recorded at a number of wind energy facilities, especially in the eastern United States. The U.S. Department of Energy contracted with Versar, Inc., and Exponent to develop a spatially-explicit site screening tool to evaluate the mortality of bats resulting from interactions (collisions or barotrauma) with wind turbines. The resulting Bat Vulnerability Assessment Tool (BVAT) presented in this report integrates spatial information about turbine locations, bat habitat features, and bat behavior as it relates to possible interactions with turbines. A model demonstration was conducted that focuses on two bat species, the eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis) and the Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis). The eastern red bat is a relatively common tree-roosting species that ranges broadly during migration in the Eastern U.S., whereas the Indiana bat is regional species that migrates between a summer range and cave hibernacula. Moreover, Indiana bats are listed as endangered, and so the impacts to this species are of particular interest. The model demonstration used conditions at the Mountaineer Wind Energy Center (MWEC), which consists of 44 wind turbines arranged in a linear array near Thomas, West Virginia (Tucker County), to illustrate model functions and not to represent actual or potential impacts of the facility. The turbines at MWEC are erected on the ridge of Backbone Mountain with a nacelle height of 70 meters and a collision area of 72 meters (blade height) or 4,071 meters square. The habitat surrounding the turbines is an Appalachian mixed mesophytic forest. Model sensitivity runs showed that bat mortality in the model was most sensitive to perceptual range and flying height. The BVAT model demonstration found that after 30 model iterations, Red bats suffered greater rates of mortality (i.e., 2.5 times the number of bats killed per 10-day period) than Indiana bats, primarily resulting from the higher flying height of the red bat. The model described in this report is a first release. There are opportunities to expand and enhance the model in the future. For example, additional focus on the model experience would include adding project level saving/loading, integrating the outputs (trajectory mapping) into the main output window, and providing tools for preparing habitat maps. In addition to the model framework, the actual modeling options could be enhanced by adding associative learning (including additional behavioral states), adding additional movement models, and exploring the information transfer among bats. Ultimately, this standalone model could be integrated into ArcGIS as a plugin.

  16. A Radiocarbon Chronology of Hunter-Gatherer Occupation from Bodega Bay, California, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, M A; Russell, A D; Guilderson, T P

    2005-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The evolution of hunter-gatherer maritime adaptations in western North America has been a prominent topic of discussion among archaeologists in recent years (e.g. Arnold 1992; Erlandson and Colten 1991; Erlandson and Glassow 1997; Lightfoot 1993). Although vast coastal regions of the northeastern Pacific (for example, southern California) have been investigated in detail, our understanding of hunter-gatherer developments along the coast of northern California is limited. Previous research indicates that humans have exploited marine mammals, fish and shellfish along the northern California shoreline since the early Holocene (Schwaderer 1992). By the end of the late Holocene, some groups remained year-round on the coast subsisting primarily on marine resources (e.g. Gould 1975; Hildebrandt and Levulett 2002). However, a paucity of well-dated cultural deposits has hindered our understanding of these developments, particularly during the early and middle Holocene. The lack of a long and reliable chronological sequence has restricted our interpretations of behavioral change, including the adaptive strategies (such as foraging, mobility and settlement) used by human foragers to colonize and inhabit the coastal areas of this region. These shortcomings have also hindered comparative interpretations with other coastal and inland regions in western North America. Here we present a Holocene radiocarbon chronology of hunter-gatherer occupation based on contemporaneous samples of charcoal and Mytilus californianus (California sea mussel) shell recovered from seven archaeological sites near Bodega Bay, California. A series of 127 {sup 14}C ages reveal a chronological sequence that spans from ca. 8940-110 cal BP (1{sigma}) (7890-160 {sup 14}C yr BP = charcoal; 8934-101 {sup 14}C yr BP = shell). As part of this sequence, we report new {sup 14}C dates from the stratified cave and open-air midden deposits at Duncan's Landing (CA-SON-348/H). In addition, we present {sup 14}C ages from three middle Holocene sites located in the Bodega Dunes, and from three late Holocene sites, including Kili (CASON-299), the oldest known village site in the region. Bodega Bay (38 degrees 19 minutes N, 123 degrees 03 minutes W) is situated about 90 km north of San Francisco Bay, California (Figure 1). The Pacific, in conjunction with prominent geomorphological features, has given rise to a series of coastal habitats (e.g. semi-protected and protected shorelines) around Bodega Bay that are rather unique for the unprotected, surf swept rocky shores of northern California. This stretch of coastline also lies within a zone of particularly strong seasonal upwelling between Point Reyes Peninsula and Cape Mendocino; a region characterized by high Ekman transport (Huyer 1983), and high coastal concentrations of the nutrients silica and phosphate (van Geen and Husby 1996). The interaction between land and sea results in a productive marine ecosystem that has attracted hunter-gatherers for much of the Holocene.

  17. Reviving Abandoned Reservoirs with High-Pressure Air Injection: Application in a Fractured and Karsted Dolomite Reservoir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Loucks; Stephen C. Ruppel; Dembla Dhiraj; Julia Gale; Jon Holder; Jeff Kane; Jon Olson; John A. Jackson; Katherine G. Jackson

    2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite declining production rates, existing reservoirs in the United States contain vast volumes of remaining oil that is not being effectively recovered. This oil resource constitutes a huge target for the development and application of modern, cost-effective technologies for producing oil. Chief among the barriers to the recovery of this oil are the high costs of designing and implementing conventional advanced recovery technologies in these mature, in many cases pressure-depleted, reservoirs. An additional, increasingly significant barrier is the lack of vital technical expertise necessary for the application of these technologies. This lack of expertise is especially notable among the small operators and independents that operate many of these mature, yet oil-rich, reservoirs. We addressed these barriers to more effective oil recovery by developing, testing, applying, and documenting an innovative technology that can be used by even the smallest operator to significantly increase the flow of oil from mature U.S. reservoirs. The Bureau of Economic Geology and Goldrus Producing Company assembled a multidisciplinary team of geoscientists and engineers to evaluate the applicability of high-pressure air injection (HPAI) in revitalizing a nearly abandoned carbonate reservoir in the Permian Basin of West Texas. The Permian Basin, the largest oil-bearing basin in North America, contains more than 70 billion barrels of remaining oil in place and is an ideal venue to validate this technology. We have demonstrated the potential of HPAI for oil-recovery improvement in preliminary laboratory tests and a reservoir pilot project. To more completely test the technology, this project emphasized detailed characterization of reservoir properties, which were integrated to access the effectiveness and economics of HPAI. The characterization phase of the project utilized geoscientists and petroleum engineers from the Bureau of Economic Geology and the Department of Petroleum Engineering (both at The University of Texas at Austin) to define the controls on fluid flow in the reservoir as a basis for developing a reservoir model. The successful development of HPAI technology has tremendous potential for increasing the flow of oil from deep carbonate reservoirs in the Permian Basin, a target resource that can be conservatively estimated at more than 1.5 billion barrels. Successful implementation in the field chosen for demonstration, for example, could result in the recovery of more than 34 million barrels of oil that will not otherwise be produced. Geological and petrophysical analysis of available data at Barnhart field reveals the following important observations: (1) the Barnhart Ellenburger reservoir is similar to most other Ellenburger reservoirs in terms of depositional facies, diagenesis, and petrophysical attributes; (2) the reservoir is characterized by low to moderate matrix porosity much like most other Ellenburger reservoirs in the Permian Basin; (3) karst processes (cave formation, infill, and collapse) have substantially altered stratigraphic architecture and reservoir properties; (4) porosity and permeability increase with depth and may be associated with the degree of karst-related diagenesis; (5) tectonic fractures overprint the reservoir, improving overall connectivity; (6) oil-saturation profiles show that the oil-water contact (OWC) is as much as 125 ft lower than previous estimations; (7) production history and trends suggest that this reservoir is very similar to other solution-gas-drive reservoirs in the Permian Basin; and (8) reservoir simulation study showed that the Barnhart reservoir is a good candidate for HPAI and that application of horizontal-well technology can improve ultimate resource recovery from the reservoir.

  18. Interpretation of data obtained from non-destructive and destructive post-test analyses of an intact-core column of culebra dolomite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucero, Daniel L.; Perkins, W. George

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has been developing a nuclear waste disposal facility, the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), located approximately 42 km east of Carlsbad, New Mexico. The WIPP is designed to demonstrate the safe disposal of transuranic wastes produced by the defense nuclear-weapons program. Pefiormance assessment analyses (U.S. DOE, 1996) indicate that human intrusion by inadvertent and intermittent drilling for resources provide the only credible mechanisms for significant releases of radionuclides horn the disposal system. These releases may occur by five mechanisms: (1) cuttings, (2) cavings, (3) spallings, (4) direct brine releases, and (5) long- term brine releases. The first four mechanisms could result in immediate release of contaminant to the accessible environment. For the last mechanisq migration pathways through the permeable layers of rock above the Salado are important, and major emphasis is placed on the Culebra Member of the Rustler Formation because this is the most transmissive geologic layer in the disposal system. For reasons of initial quantity, half-life, and specific radioactivity, certain isotopes of T~ U, Am, and Pu would dominate calculated releases from the WIPP. In order to help quantifi parameters for the calculated releases, radionuclide transport experiments have been carried out using five intact-core columns obtained from the Culebra dolomite member of the Rustler Formation within the Waste Isolation Pilot Pknt (WIPP) site in southeastern New Mexico. This report deals primarily with results of analyses for 241Pu and 241Am distributions developed during transport experiments in one of these cores. All intact-core column transport experiments were done using Culebra-simukmt brine relevant to the core recovery location (the WIPP air-intake shaft - AK). Hydraulic characteristics (i.e., apparent porosity and apparent dispersion coefficient) for intact-core columns were obtained via experiments using conservative tracer `Na. Elution experiments carried out over periods of a few days with tracers `2U and `?Np indicated that these tracers were weakly retarded as indicated by delayed elution of these species. Elution experiments with tracers 24% and 24*Arn were performed, but no elution of either species was observed in any flow experiment to date, including experiments of many months' duration. In order to quanti~ retardation of the non-eluted species 24*Pu and 241Arn afler a period of brine flow, non-destructive and destructive analyses of an intact-core column were carried out to determine distribution of these actinides in the rock. Analytical results indicate that the majority of the 241Am is present very near the top (injection) surface of the core (possibly as a precipitate), and that the majority of the 241Pu is dispersed with a very high apparent retardation value. The 24]Pu distribution is interpreted using a single-porosity advection-dispersion model, and an approximate retardation value is reported for this actinide. The specific radionuclide isotopes used in these experiments were chosen to facilitate analysis. Even though these isotopes are not necessarily the same as those that are most important to WIPP performance, they are isotopes of the same elements, and their chemical and transport properties are therefore identical to those of isotopes in the inventory.

  19. Column Experiments for Radionuclide Adsorption Studies of the Culebra Dolomite: Retardation Parameter Estimation for Non-Eluted Actinide Species

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, G.O.; Lucero, D.A.; Perkins, W.G.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has been developing a nuclear waste disposal facility, the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), located approximately 42 km east of Carlsbad, New Mexico. The WIPP is designed to demonstrate the safe disposal of transuranic wastes produced by the defense nuclear-weapons program. Performance assessment analyses (U.S. DOE, 1996) indicate that human intrusion by inadvertent and intermittent drilling for resources provide the only credible mechanisms for significant releases of radionuclides horn the disposal system. These releases may occur by five mechanisms: (1) cuttings, (2) cavings, (3) spallings, (4) direct brine releases, and (5) long-term brine releases. The first four mechanisms could result in immediate release of contaminant to the accessible environment. For the last mechanism, migration pathways through the permeable layers of rock above the Salado are important, and major emphasis is placed on the Culebra Member of the Rustler Formation because this is the most transmissive geologic layer in the disposal system. For reasons of initial quantity, half-life, and specific radioactivity, certain isotopes of Th, U, Am, and Pu would dominate calculated releases from the WIPP. In order to help quanti~ parameters for the calculated releases, radionuclide transport experiments have been carried out using five intact-core columns obtained from the Culebra dolomite member of the Rustler Formation within the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site in southeastern New Mexico. This report deals primarily with results of mathematical analyses related to the retardation of %J%, 24%, and 24'Am in two of these cores (B-Core - VPX26-11A and C-Core - VPX28-6C). All B-Core transport experiments were done using Culebra-simukmt brine relevant to the core recovery location (the WIPP air-intake shaft - AIS). Most experiments with C-Core were done with AIS brine with some admixture of a brine composition (ERDA-6) that simulated deeper formation brines. No significant changes in transport behavior were observed for changes in brine. Hydraulic characteristics (i.e., apparent porosity and apparent dispersion coefficient) for the cores were obtained via experiments using conservative tracer `Na. Elution experiments carried out over periods of a few days with tracers `*U and %Np indicated that these tracers were weakly retarded as indicated by delayed elution of these species. Elution experiments with tracers `%, 24'Pu, and 24'Ani were performed, but no elution of any of these species was observed in any flow experiment to date, including experiments of up to two years duration. However, B-Core was subjected to tomographic analysis from which a retardation factor can be inferred for%. Moreover, the fact of non- elution for 24*Pu and 24'Am after more than two years brine flow through C-Core can be coupled with the minimum detectable activity for each of these species to compute minimum retardation factors in C-Core. The retardation factors for all three species can then be coupled with the apparent hydraulic characteristics to estimate an apparent minimum solutionhock distribution coefficient, &, for each actinide. The specific radionuclide isotopes used in these experiments were chosen to facilitate analysis. Even though these isotopes are not necessarily the same as those that are most important to WIPP performance, they are isotopes of the same elements, and . their chemical and transport properties are therefore identical to those of isotopes in the WIPP inventory. The retardation factors and & values deduced from experimental results strongly support the contention that sorption in the Culebra provides an effective barrier to release of Th, Pu, and Am during the regulatory period.

  20. Development of a Low Input and sustainable Switchgrass Feedstock Production System Utilizing Beneficial Bacterial Endophytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mei, Chuansheng [IALR; Nowak, Jerzy [VPISU; Seiler, John [VPISU

    2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Switchgrass represents a promising feedstock crop for US energy sustainability. However, its broad utilization for bioenergy requires improvements of biomass yields and stress tolerance. In this DOE funded project, we have been working on harnessing beneficial bacterial endophytes to enhance switchgrass performance and to develop a low input feedstock production system for marginal lands that do not compete with the production of food crops. We have demonstrated that one of most promising plant growth-promoting bacterial endophytes, Burkholderia phytofirmans strain PsJN, is able to colonize roots and significantly promote growth of switchgrass cv. Alamo under in vitro, growth chamber, greenhouse, as well as field conditions. Furthermore, PsJN bacterization improved growth and development of switchgrass seedlings, significantly stimulated plant root and shoot growth, and tiller number in the field, and enhanced biomass accumulation on both poor (p<0.001) and rich (p<0.05) soils, with more effective stimulation of plant growth in low fertility soil. Plant physiology measurements showed that PsJN inoculated Alamo had consistently lower transpiration, lower stomatal conductance, and higher water use efficiency in greenhouse conditions. These physiological changes may significantly contribute to the recorded growth enhancement. PsJN inoculation rapidly results in an increase in photosynthetic rates which contributes to the advanced growth and development. Some evidence suggests that this initial growth advantage decreases with time when resources are not limited such as in greenhouse studies. Additionally, better drought resistance and drought hardening were observed in PsJN inoculated switchgrass. Using the DOE-funded switchgrass EST microarray, in a collaboration with the Genomics Core Facility at the Noble Foundation, we have determined gene expression profile changes in both responsive switchgrass cv. Alamo and non-responsive cv. Cave-in-Rock (CR) following PsJN bacterization. With the MapMan software to analyze microarray data, the number of up- and down-regulated probes was calculated. The number of up-regulated probes in Alamo was 26, 14, 14, and 12% at 0.5, 2, 4 and 8 days after inoculation (DAI) with PsJN, respectively while the corresponding number in CR was 24, 22, 21, and 19%, respectively. In both cultivars, the largest number of up-regulated probes occurred at 0.5 DAI. Noticeable differences throughout the timeframe between Alamo and CR were that the number was dramatically decreased to half (12%) in Alamo but remained high in CR (approximately 20%). The number of down regulated genes demonstrated different trends in Alamo and CR. Alamo had an increasing trend from 9% at 0.5 DAI to 11, 17, and 28% at 2, 4, and 8 DAI, respectively. However, CR had 13% at 0.5 and 2 DAI, and declined to 10% at 4 and 8 DAI. With the aid of MapMan and PageMan, we mapped the response of the ID probes to the observed major gene regulatory network and major biosynthetic pathway changes associated with the beneficial bacterial endophyte infection, colonization, and early growth promotion process. We found significant differences in gene expression patterns between responsive and non-responsive cultivars in many pathways, including redox state regulation, signaling, proteolysis, transcription factors, as well as hormone (SA and JA in particular)-associated pathways. Form microarray data, a total of 50 key genes have been verified using qPCR. Ten of these genes were chosen for further functional study via either overexpression and/or RNAi knockout technologies. These genes were calmodulin-related calcium sensor protein (CAM), glutathione S-transferase (GST), histidine-containing phosphotransfer protein (H-221), 3 different zinc finger proteins (ZF-371, ZF131 and ZF242), EF hand transcription factor (EF-622), peroxidase, cellulose synthase catalytic submit A2 (CESA2), and Aux/IAA family. A total of 8 overexpression and 5 RNAi transgenic plants have been regenerated, and their gene expression levels determined using qPCR. Consequently