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Sample records for tes wh iskey

  1. MODELING FULLLENGTH VBR VIDEO USING MARKOVRENEWALMODULATED TES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MODELING FULL­LENGTH VBR VIDEO USING MARKOV­RENEWAL­MODULATED TES MODELS Benjamin Melamed Rutgers, and then modulate these scene class models by a Markov­Renewal process that governs scene transitions. The resulting model is a Markov­Renewal­Modulated TES (MRMT) process. The fidelity criteria imposed are relatively

  2. STATE OF CALIFORNIA THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE (TES) SYSTEM ACCEPTANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE (TES) SYSTEM ACCEPTANCE CEC-MECH-15A (Revised 07/10) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE MECH-15A NA7.5.14 Thermal Energy Storage (TES) System THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE (TES) SYSTEM ACCEPTANCE CEC-MECH-15A (Revised 07/10) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

  3. Energy storage, Thermal energy storage (TES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    Energy storage, Thermal energy storage (TES) Ron Zevenhoven bo Akademi University Thermal and Flow 8, 20500 Turku 2/32 4.1 Energy storage #12;Energy storage - motivations Several reasons motivate the storage of energy, either as heat, cold, or electricity: Supplies of energy are in many cases

  4. Tes Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberITerraPower Jump to: navigation,Tes Co

  5. TesSol Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfinMarketMemberITerraPower Jump to: navigation,Tes

  6. Web Based Training (WEB BT) TES employees can get free training on applications within

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsien, Roger Y.

    Web Based Training (WEB BT) TES employees can get free training on applications within office applications and more. Each tutorial can last up to 4 hours. TES schedules training time, in the TES Office to scheduling. Registration Criteria Training must not conflict with your current assignment. (We suggest

  7. Online Processing of Wh-Dependencies in English by Native Speakers of Spanish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canales, Alonso Jose

    2012-08-31

    This study investigated if, Spanish-speaking learners of English are capable of processing wh-dependencies incrementally and observing the grammatical constraints that regulate wh-extraction in English, similar to native ...

  8. Pair-List vs. Single Pair Readings in Multiple Wh Free Relatives and Correlatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudin, Catherine

    2008-01-01

    multiple wh constructions, it will be useful to clearly delineate two types of headless relative clauses. The two constructions under consideration in this paper are Free Relatives (FR) and Correlatives (CR). Both are non-interrogative wh clauses... it, and they always have a coreferring demonstrative or pronominal within the main clause, underlined in examples (2b,c):2 (2) Correlative (CR) a. [(?) [CP wh ...

  9. The grammar of Q : Q-particles and the nature of Wh-fronting, as revealed by the Wh-questions of Tlingit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cable, Seth

    2007-01-01

    The central claim of this thesis is that the agent responsible for a variety of phenomena surrounding wh-operators is not those operators themselves, but rather a distinct element that we label a 'Q(uestion)-particle'. In ...

  10. Search for WH associated production at D{\\o} Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miconi, Florian

    2012-01-01

    The Higgs mechanism introduced in 1964 gives a satisfactory solution to a major problem of the standard model of elementary particles: the origin of the mass. It predicts the existence of the Higgs scalar boson, which has not been discovered experimentally yet. The Tevatron, a hadron accelerator based at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory near Chicago, has delivered data to its two multi-purpose detectors CDF and DZERO since 1983 up to september 2011. Leaving us about 11 fb{sup -1} of data per experiment to analyze. Associated production of a Higgs boson and a vector gauge boson W or Z is the main search channel for a light standard Higgs boson (i.e. below 135 GeV/c{sup 2}). Using data collected by DZERO, we are looking for this production mode taking advantage of sophisticated techniques to improve the signal sensitivity such as b-jet identification and multivariate discriminants. In the end, a statistical approach allows us to set an upper limit on the ratio between the observed (resp. expected) Higgs production cross section and its theoretical cross section. The latest result obtained in the WH channel using 8.5 fb{sup -1} at DZERO is 4.6 (resp. 3.5) for a 115 GeV/c{sup 2} Higgs boson.

  11. technology offer SandTES -High Temperature Sand Thermal Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szmolyan, Peter

    technology offer SandTES - High Temperature Sand Thermal Energy Storage key words: High Temperature Energy Storage | Fluidized Bed | Sand | The invention consists of a fluidized bed with internal heat together with Dr. Eisl of ENRAG GmbH. Background Thermal energy storage (TES) systems are essential

  12. Power translation chart kWh/d each GW / UK TWh/y / UK Mtoe/y / UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKay, David J.C.

    (2004) UK Nuclear (2004) UK Electricity fuel input (2004) 1 kWh/d the same as 1/24 kW `UK' = 60 millionWh/d each kWh(e) /d each t CO2/y each Mt CO2/y / UK MtC/y / UK GtC/y / World World (2005) `Safe'`Safe and fair' UK (1990) UK (2005) 60% target 80% target UK Electricity kWh thermal energy exchange rate: 1 k

  13. Proteomic responses of oceanic Synechococcus WH8102 to phosphate and zinc scarcity and cadmium additions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Alysia D.

    Synechococcus sp. WH 8102 is a motile marine cyanobacterium isolated originally from the Sargasso Sea. To test the response of this organism to cadmium (Cd), generally considered a toxin, cultures were grown in a matrix ...

  14. U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES) and/or Turbine Inlet Cooling (TIC), September 2003

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Chart of Database of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES) and/or Turbine Inlet Cooling (TIC)

  15. Low Thermal Conductance Transition Edge Sensor (TES) for SPICA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khosropanah, P.; Dirks, B.; Kuur, J. van der; Ridder, M.; Bruijn, M.; Popescu, M.; Hoevers, H. [SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrech (Netherlands); Gao, J. R. [SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrech (Netherlands); Kavil Institute of NanoScience, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft (Netherlands); Morozov, D.; Mauskopf, P. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Queens Buildings, The Parade, Cardiff, CF24 3AA (United Kingdom)

    2009-12-16

    We fabricated and characterized low thermal conductance transition edge sensors (TES) for SAFARI instrument on SPICA. The device is based on a superconducting Ti/Au bilayer deposited on suspended SiN membrane. The critical temperature of the device is 113 mK. The low thermal conductance is realized by using long and narrow SiN supporting legs. All measurements were performed having the device in a light-tight box, which to a great extent eliminates the loading of the background radiation. We measured the current-voltage (IV) characteristics of the device in different bath temperatures and determine the thermal conductance (G) to be equal to 320 fW/K. This value corresponds to a noise equivalent power (NEP) of 3x10{sup -19} W/{radical}(Hz). The current noise and complex impedance is also measured at different bias points at 55 mK bath temperature. The measured electrical (dark) NEP is 1x10{sup -18} W/{radical}(Hz), which is about a factor of 3 higher than what we expect from the thermal conductance that comes out of the IV curves. Despite using a light-tight box, the photon noise might still be the source of this excess noise. We also measured the complex impedance of the same device at several bias points. Fitting a simple first order thermal-electrical model to the measured data, we find an effective time constant of about 2.7 ms and a thermal capacity of 13 fJ/K in the middle of the transition.

  16. Operon prediction by comparative genomics: an application to the Synechococcus sp. WH8102

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xin

    Operon prediction by comparative genomics: an application to the Synechococcus sp. WH8102 genome X genomics approach. A group of consecutive genes is considered as a candidate operon if both their gene sequences and functions are conserved across several phylo- genetically related genomes. In addition

  17. Multiplexed readout demonstration of a TES-based detector array in a resistance locked loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Kuur, Jan; Kiviranta, Mikko; Akamatsu, Hiroki; Khosropanah, Pourya; Hartog, Roland den; Suzuki, Toyoaki; Jackson, Brian

    2015-01-01

    TES-based bolometer and microcalorimeter arrays with thousands of pixels are under development for several space-based and ground-based applications. A linear detector response and low levels of cross talk facilitate the calibration of the instruments. In an effort to improve the properties of TES-based detectors, fixing the TES resistance in a resistance-locked loop (RLL) under optical loading has recently been proposed. Earlier theoretical work on this mode of operation has shown that the detector speed, linearity and dynamic range should improve with respect to voltage biased operation. This paper presents an experimental demonstration of multiplexed readout in this mode of operation in a TES-based detector array with noise equivalent power values (NEP) of $3.5\\cdot 10^{-19} $W/$\\sqrt{\\mathrm{Hz}}$. The measured noise and dynamic properties of the detector in the RLL will be compared with the earlier modelling work. Furthermore, the practical implementation routes for future FDM systems for the readout of ...

  18. Model-Inspired Research. TES research uses modeling, prediction, and synthesis to identify

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Earth system models (ESMs). TES supports research to advance fundamental understanding of terrestrial-process models, ecosystem models, and the Community Earth System Model). This emphasis on the capture of advanced in Earth system models to increase the quality of climate model projections and to provide the scientific

  19. Satellite observations of Mexico City pollution outflow from the Tropospheric Emissions Spectrometer (TES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    thermal inversions often trap pollution to within the basin (Molina and Molina, 2002). The MILAGROSatellite observations of Mexico City pollution outflow from the Tropospheric Emissions 12 November 2008 Keyword: Mega-city pollution TES O3CO correlation INTEX-B Mexico city a b s t r a c

  20. TES carbon monoxide validation with DACOM aircraft measurements during INTEX-B 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , consistent with known features in the tracer fields due to transpacific transport of polluted air parcels in the Houston area. The comparisons of TES and DACOM CO profiles near Hawaii and Anchorage in April to May 2006, and Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment (INTEX)-B in March to May 2006 near Houston, TX, Hawaii, HI

  1. Quantifying global terrestrial methanol emissions using1 observations from the TES satellite sensor2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    1 Quantifying global terrestrial methanol emissions using1 observations from the TES Figure S1. December-January-Febuary (DJF, top) and June-July-August (JJA, bottom) biogenic3 methanol 1 Figure S4. Regions employed for quantifying terrestrial methanol fluxes (red) and for2

  2. External review of the thermal energy storage (TES) cogeneration study assumptions. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, B.Y.; Poirier, R.N.

    1996-08-01

    This report is to provide a detailed review of the basic assumptions made in the design, sizing, performance, and economic models used in the thermal energy storage (TES)/cogeneration feasibility studies conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) staff. This report is the deliverable required under the contract.

  3. Mars aerosol studies with the MGS TES emission phase function observations: Optical depths, particle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitney, Barbara A.

    aerosol properties to date. TES solar band and infrared (IR) spectral EPF sequences are analyzed to obtain and scattering of radiation; 6225 Planetology: Solar System Objects: Mars; KEYWORDS: Martian atmosphere, aerosols, radiative forcing from atmo- spheric dust solar absorption and thermal emission was recognized as a primary

  4. WH Mapathon

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin,Village of Wellington,FL97-11 SEPA Rules Jump to:22WEWETGenHouse

  5. Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson in the $WH \\to \\ell \

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagai, Yoshikazu; /Tsukuba U.

    2010-02-01

    We have searched for the Standard Model Higgs boson in the WH {yields} lvbb channel in 1.96 TeV pp collisions at CDF. This search is based on the data collected by March 2009, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.3 fb-1. The W H channel is one of the most promising channels for the Higgs boson search at Tevatron in the low Higgs boson mass region.

  6. Design and cost analysis of a 20-kWh bipolar zinc-bromine battery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Einstein, H.; Bellows, R.J.; Grimes, P.; Kantner, E.; Malachesky, P.; Newby, K.

    1981-01-01

    Zinc-Bromine secondary batteries are attractive systems for electric vehicles and energy storage (off-peak and photovoltaic) applications because of low cost raw materials, relatively high energy density, and ambient temperature operation. Exxon's approach to the system uses conductive carbon plastic electrodes in a bipolar configuration, separable bromine complexes, and selective membranes in a circulating electrolyte design. The 20 kWh battery design consists of two 10 kWh battery stacks placed back-to-back with a common center electrolyte feed block. Each of the two battery stacks consists of 78 cells for a system voltage of 120 volt output. Active electrode area per electrode is 12 dm/sup 2/. Cell-to-cell spacing is 0.25 cm. The two-stack module is assembled over a tray serving as a cover for the plastic electrolyte reservoir. Unit cells are comprised of alternating bipolar electrodes and separator assemblies. For various applications, accessories and controls are built into the system. The projected battery factory price of $28./kWh is discussed, along with the manufacturing, materials, and labor costs.

  7. Demand-Side and Supply-Side Load Management: Optimizing with Thermal Energy Storage (TES) for the Restructuring Energy Marketplace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrepont, J. S.

    2002-01-01

    as an economical, peaking power enhancement for either peaking or base-load plants. 1t is applied to both new and existing CTs. TES is projected to have even greater value in future restructuring energy markets. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND The current... totaling several millions of dollars (4,6). TES-based CTIC is advantageous as an economical, peaking power enhancement for either peaking or base-load plants. It is applied to both new and existing CTs. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDAnONS TES already...

  8. 041 (a) 1-WH 06/2012 MEDICAL HISTORY--WOMEN'S HEALTH Page 1 of 1 MEDICAL HISTORY WOMEN'S HEALTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    041 (a) 1-WH 06/2012 MEDICAL HISTORY--WOMEN'S HEALTH Page 1 of 1 MEDICAL HISTORY WOMEN'S HEALTH: _______________________ DOB: / / Mo. Day Year Please complete for your first Women's Health visit at University Health

  9. PROJECT PROFILE: kWh Analytics (Incubator 10) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyAprilEnergy EEREPlateauFolsom LabsSunPower (IncubatorSunrunkWh

  10. High-Temperature Phase Change Materials (PCM) Candidates for Thermal Energy Storage (TES) Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez, J. C.

    2011-09-01

    It is clearly understood that lower overall costs are a key factor to make renewable energy technologies competitive with traditional energy sources. Energy storage technology is one path to increase the value and reduce the cost of all renewable energy supplies. Concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies have the ability to dispatch electrical output to match peak demand periods by employing thermal energy storage (TES). Energy storage technologies require efficient materials with high energy density. Latent heat TES systems using phase change material (PCM) are useful because of their ability to charge and discharge a large amount of heat from a small mass at constant temperature during a phase transformation like melting-solidification. PCM technology relies on the energy absorption/liberation of the latent heat during a physical transformation. The main objective of this report is to provide an assessment of molten salts and metallic alloys proposed as candidate PCMs for TES applications, particularly in solar parabolic trough electrical power plants at a temperature range from 300..deg..C to 500..deg.. C. The physical properties most relevant for PCMs service were reviewed from the candidate selection list. Some of the PCM candidates were characterized for: chemical stability with some container materials; phase change transformation temperatures; and latent heats.

  11. Impact of residential PV adoption on Retail Electricity Rates Desmond W.H. Cai a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wierman, Adam

    Impact of residential PV adoption on Retail Electricity Rates Desmond W.H. Cai a,n , Sachin Adlakha reduce their electricity consumption from the grid. Electricity rates must increase for utility) solar cells has fallen below the retail price of grid electricity in some areas. A number of residential

  12. CEMEX: Cement Manufacturer Saves 2.1 Million kWh Annually with a Motor Retrofit Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-06-25

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how the CEMEX cement manufacturing plant in Davenport, California, saves 2 million kWh and $168,000 in energy costs annually by replacing 13 worn-out motors with new energy-efficient ones.

  13. Power translation chart kWh/d/p GW / UK TWh/y / UK Mtoe/y / UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKay, David J.C.

    energy is more costly: 1 kWh(e) # 445 g of CO 2 (gas) (Coal costs twice as much CO 2 ) t CO 2 ton of CO 2 and the alternatives (March 2006). All figures for renewables except photovoltaics and energy crops are the ``technical potential'' from the Institute of Electrical Engineers's 2002 report Renewable energy in the UK

  14. Search for WH associated production in pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Aoki, M.; et al

    2012-08-13

    This report describes a search for associated production of W and Higgs bosons based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of L?5.3 fb? collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp? Collider. Events containing a W?l? candidate (with l corresponding to e or ?) are selected in association with two or three reconstructed jets. One or two of the jets are required to be consistent with having evolved from a b quark. A multivariate discriminant technique is used to improve the separation of signal and backgrounds. Expected and observed upper limits are obtained for the product ofmorethe WH production cross section and branching ratios and reported in terms of ratios relative to the prediction of the standard model as a function of the mass of the Higgs boson (MH). The observed and expected 95% C.L. upper limits obtained for an assumed MH=115 GeV are, respectively, factors of 4.5 and 4.8 larger than the value predicted by the standard model.less

  15. Search for WH associated production in pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Aoki, M.; Askew, A.; sman, B.; Atkins, S.; Atramentov, O.; Augsten, K.; Avila, C.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Baringer, P.; Barreto, J.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bazterra, V.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bellantoni, L.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besanon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bezzubov, V. A.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatia, S.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Bose, T.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, O.; Brock, R.; Brooijmans, G.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Brown, J.; Bu, X. B.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Buszello, C. P.; Camacho-Prez, E.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Caughron, S.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chakraborty, D.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Chapon, E.; Chen, G.; Chevalier-Thry, S.; Cho, D. K.; Cho, S. W.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M.-C.; Croc, A.; Cutts, D.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; de Jong, S. J.; Cruz-Burelo, E. De La; Dliot, F.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Deterre, C.; DeVaughan, K.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Ding, P. F.; Dominguez, A.; Dorland, T.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duggan, D.; Duperrin, A.; Dutt, S.; Dyshkant, A.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, A.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Facini, G.; Feng, L.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fuess, S.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; Garca-Guerra, G. A.; Gavrilov, V.; Gay, P.; Geng, W.; Gerbaudo, D.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Ginther, G.; Golovanov, G.; Goussiou, A.; Grannis, P. D.; Greder, S.; Greenlee, H.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Grohsjean, A.; Grnendahl, S.; Grnewald, M. W.; Guillemin, T.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Haas, A.; Hagopian, S.; Haley, J.; Han, L.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Head, T.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegab, H.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Cruz, I. Heredia-De La; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hoang, T.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hohlfeld, M.; Howley, I.; Hubacek, Z.; Huske, N. K.; Hynek, V.; Iashvili, I.; Ilchenko, Y.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffr, M.; Jayasinghe, A.; Jesik, R.; Johns, K.; Johnson, E.; Johnson, M.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Joshi, J.; Jung, A. W.; Juste, A.; Kaadze, K.; Kajfasz, E.; Karmanov, D.; Kasper, P. A.; Katsanos, I.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Kohli, J. M.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kulikov, S.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kur?a, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Lammers, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, S. W.; Lee, W. M.; Lellouch, J.; Li, H.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lim, J. K.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, H.; Liu, Y.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; Lopes de Sa, R.; Lubatti, H. J.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Madar, R.; Magaa-Villalba, R.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Maravin, Y.; Martnez-Ortega, J.; McCarthy, R.; McGivern, C. L.; Meijer, M. M.; Melnitchouk, A.; Menezes, D.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; Miconi, F.; Mondal, N. K.; Mulhearn, M.; Nagy, E.; Naimuddin, M.; Narain, M.; Nayyar, R.; Neal, H. A.; Negret, J. P.; Neustroev, P.; Nunnemann, T.; Obrant, G.; Orduna, J.; Osman, N.; Osta, J.; Padilla, M.; Pal, A.; Parashar, N.; Parihar, V.; Park, S. K.; Partridge, R.; Parua, N.; Patwa, A.; Penning, B.; Perfilov, M.; Peters, Y.; Petridis, K.; Petrillo, G.; Ptroff, P.; Pleier, M.-A.; Podesta-Lerma, P. L. M.; Podstavkov, V. M.; Polozov, P.; Popov, A. V.; Prewitt, M.; Price, D.; Prokopenko, N.; Qian, J.; Quadt, A.; Quinn, B.; Rangel, M. S.; Ranjan, K.; Ratoff, P. N.; Razumov, I.; Renkel, P.; Ripp-Baudot, I.; Rizatdinova, F.; Rominsky, M.; Ross, A.; Royon, C.; Rubinov, P.; Ruchti, R.; Safronov, G.; Sajot, G.; Salcido, P.; Snchez-Hernndez, A.; Sanders, M. P.; Sanghi, B.; Santos, A. S.; Savage, G.; Sawyer, L.; Scanlon, T.; Schamberger, R. D.; Scheglov, Y.; Schellman, H.; Schlobohm, S.; Schwanenberger, C.; Schwienhorst, R.; Sekaric, J.; Severini, H.; Shabalina, E.; Shary, V.; Shaw, S.; Shchukin, A. A.; Shivpuri, R. K.; Simak, V.; Skubic, P.; Slattery, P.; Smirnov, D.; Smith, K. J.; Snow, G. R.; Snow, J.; Snyder, S.; Sldner-Rembold, S.; Sonnenschein, L.; Soustruznik, K.; Stark, J.; Stolin, V.; Stoyanova, D. A.; Strauss, M.; Stutte, L.; Suter, L.; Svoisky, P.; Takahashi, M.; Titov, M.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Tsai, Y.-T.; Tschann-Grimm, K.; Tsybychev, D.; Tuchming, B.

    2012-08-01

    This report describes a search for associated production of W and Higgs bosons based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of L?5.3 fb? collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp? Collider. Events containing a W?l? candidate (with l corresponding to e or ?) are selected in association with two or three reconstructed jets. One or two of the jets are required to be consistent with having evolved from a b quark. A multivariate discriminant technique is used to improve the separation of signal and backgrounds. Expected and observed upper limits are obtained for the product of the WH production cross section and branching ratios and reported in terms of ratios relative to the prediction of the standard model as a function of the mass of the Higgs boson (MH). The observed and expected 95% C.L. upper limits obtained for an assumed MH=115 GeV are, respectively, factors of 4.5 and 4.8 larger than the value predicted by the standard model.

  16. Development of a free boundary Tokamak Equilibrium Solver (TES) for Advanced Study of Tokamak Equilibria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeon, Y M

    2015-01-01

    A free-boundary Tokamak Equilibrium Solver (TES), developed for advanced study of tokamak equilibra, is described with two distinctive features. One is a generalized method to resolve the intrinsic axisymmetric instability, which is encountered after all in equilibrium calculation with a free-boundary condition. The other is an extension to deal with a new divertor geometry such as snowflake or X divertors. For validations, the uniqueness of a solution is confirmed by the independence on variations of computational domain, the mathematical correctness and accuracy of equilibrium profiles are checked by a direct comparison with an analytic equilibrium known as a generalized Solovev equilibrium, and the governing force balance relation is tested by examining the intrinsic axisymmetric instabilities. As a valuable application, a snowflake equilibrium that requires a second order zero of the poloidal magnetic field is discussed in the circumstance of KSTAR coil system.

  17. Search for WH associated production in 5.3 fb -1 of pp collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B.S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G.D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Alves, G.A.; et al

    2011-03-01

    We present a search for associated production of Higgs and W bosons in collisions at a center of mass energy of in 5.3 fb -1 of integrated luminosity recorded by the D0 experiment. Multivariate analysis techniques are applied to events containing one lepton, an imbalance in transverse energy, and one or two b-tagged jets to discriminate a potential WH signal from Standard Model backgrounds. We observe good agreement between data and expected backgrounds, and set an upper limit of 4.5 (at 95% confidence level and for mH=115 GeV) on the ratio of the WH cross section multiplied by the branchingmorefraction of H ? bb to its Standard Model prediction, which is consistent with an expected limit of 4.8.less

  18. Using Encapsulated Phase Change Material in Thermal Energy Storage for Baseload Concentrating Solar Power (EPCM-TES)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathur, Anoop

    2013-12-15

    Terrafore successfully demonstrated and optimized the manufacturing of capsules containing phase-changing inorganic salts. The phase change was used to store thermal energy collected from a concentrating solar-power plant as latent heat. This latent heat, in addition to sensible heat increased the energy density (energy stored per unit weight of salt) by over 50%, thus requiring 40% less salt and over 60% less capsule container. Therefore, the cost to store high-temperature thermal energy collected in a concentrating solar power plant will be reduced by almost 40% or more, as compared to conventional two-tank, sensible-only storage systems. The cost for thermal energy storage (TES) system is expected to achieve the Sun Shot goal of $15 per kWh(t). Costs associated with poor heat-transfer in phase change materials (PCM) were also eliminated. Although thermal energy storage that relies on the latent heat of fusion of PCM improves energy density by as much as 50%, upon energy discharge the salt freezes and builds on the heat transfer surfaces. Since these salts have low thermal conductivity, large heat-transfer areas, or larger conventional heat-exchangers are needed, which increases costs. By encapsulating PCM in small capsules we have increased the heat transfer area per unit volume of salt and brought the heat transfer fluid in direct contact with the capsules. These two improvements have increased the heat transfer coefficient and boosted heat transfer. The program was successful in overcoming the phenomenon of melt expansion in the capsules, which requires the creation of open volume in the capsules or shell to allow for expansion of the molten salt on melting and is heated above its melting point to 550C. Under contract with the Department of Energy, Terrafore Inc. and Southwest Research Institute, developed innovative method(s) to economically create the open volume or void in the capsule. One method consists of using a sacrificial polymer coating as the middle layer between the salt prill and the shell material. The selected polymer decomposes at temperatures below the melting point of the salt and forms gases which escape through the pores in the capsule shell thus leaving a void in the capsule. We have demonstrated the process with a commonly used inorganic nitrate salt in a low-cost shell material that can withstand over 10,000 high-temperature thermal cycles, or a thirty-year or greater life in a solar plant. The shell used to encapsulate the salt was demonstrated to be compatible with molten salt heat transfer fluid typically used in CSP plants to temperatures up to 600 C. The above findings have led to the concept of a cascaded arrangement. Salts with different melting points can be encapsulated using the same recipe and contained in a packed bed by cascading the salt melting at higher melting point at the top over the salt melting at lower melting point towards the bottom of the tank. This cascaded energy storage is required to effectively transfer the sensible heat collected in heat transfer fluids between the operating temperatures and utilize the latent heat of fusion in the salts inside the capsule. Mathematical models indicate that over 90% of the salts will undergo phase change by using three salts in equal proportion. The salts are selected such that the salt at the top of the tank melts at about 15C below the high operating-temperature, and the salt at the bottom of the tank melts 15C above the low operating-temperature. The salt in the middle of tank melts in-between the operating temperature of the heat transfer fluid. A cascaded arrangement leads to the capture of 90% of the latent-heat of fusion of salts and their sensible heats. Thus the energy density is increased by over 50% from a sensible-only, two-tank thermal energy storage. Furthermore, the Terrafore cascaded storage method requires only one tank as opposed to the two-tanks used in sensible heat storage. Since heat is transferred from the heat transfer fluid by direct contact with capsules, external heat-exchangers are not required

  19. The InsTITuTes aT norThwesTern MedIcIne InnovaTIon engInes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    The InsTITuTes aT norThwesTern MedIcIne InnovaTIon engInes aT norThwesTern MedIcIne InvoMedIcIne #12;The InsTITuTes aT norThwesTern MedIcIne Improvement means doing the same thing better. Innovation involves doing it in an entirely different manner. Innovative solutions are the result of new ideas

  20. Development of zinc-bromine batteries for utility energy storage. First annual report, 1 September 1978-31 August 1979. [8-kWh submodule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Putt, R.; Attia, A.J.; Lu, P.Y.; Heyland, J.H.

    1980-05-01

    Development work on the Zn/Br battery is reported. A major improvement was the use of a bipolar cell design; this design is superior with respect to cost, performance, and simplicity. A cost and design study for an 80-kWh module resulted in a cost estimate of $54/kWh(1979$) for purchased materials and components, on the basis of 2500 MWh of annual production. A cell submodule (nominal 2 kWh) of full-sized electrodes (1 ft/sup 2/) accrued over 200 continuous cycles in a hands-off, automatic routine with efficiencies in the range of 53 to 56%. Initial testing of a full-sized 8-kWh submodule demonstrated energy efficiencies of 65 to 67%. 23 figures, 10 tables. (RWR)

  1. Development of 8 kWh Zinc bromide battery as a precursor of battery for electric power storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujii, T.; Ando, Y.; Fujii, E.; Hirotu, A.; Ito, H.; Kanazashi, M.; Misaki, H.; Yamamoto, A.

    1984-08-01

    Zinc bromide battery is characterized with its room temperature operation, simple construction and easy maintenance. After four years' research and development of electrode materials, electrolyte composition, battery stack construction and other components, we prepared 1 kW class (8 kWh) battery for the first interim official evaluation. This battery showed a good and stable energy efficiency of 80% after 130 cycles of 1.25 kW 8 hours charge and 1.0 kW 8 hours discharge.

  2. Search for the standard model Higgs boson in associated $WH$ production in 9.7 fb$^{-1}$ of $p\\bar{p}$ collisions with the D0 detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The D0 Collaboration

    2012-09-21

    We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson in final states with a charged lepton (electron or muon), missing transverse energy, and two or three jets, at least one of which is identified as a $b$-quark jet. The search is primarily sensitive to $WH\\to\\ell\

  3. Chlorine hazard evaluation for the zinc-chlorine electric vehicle battery. Final technical report. [50 kWh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zalosh, R. G.; Bajpai, S. N.; Short, T. P.; Tsui, R. K.

    1980-04-01

    Hazards associated with conceivable accidental chlorine releases from zinc-chlorine electric vehicle batteries are evaluated. Since commercial batteries are not yet available, this hazard assessment is based on both theoretical chlorine dispersion models and small-scale and large-scale spill tests with chlorine hydrate (which is the form of chlorine storage in the charged battery). Six spill tests involving the chlorine hydrate equivalent of a 50-kWh battery indicate that the danger zone in which chlorine vapor concentrations intermittently exceed 100 ppM extends at least 23 m directly downwind of a spill onto a warm (30 to 38/sup 0/C) road surface. Other accidental chlorine release scenarios may also cause some distress, but are not expected to produce the type of life-threatening chlorine exposures that can result from large hydrate spills. Chlorine concentration data from the hydrate spill tests compare favorably with calculations based on a quasi-steady area source dispersion model and empirical estimates of the hydrate decomposition rate. The theoretical dispersion model was combined with assumed hydrate spill probabilities and current motor vehicle accident statistics in order to project expected chlorine-induced fatality rates. These calculations indicate that expected chlorine fataility rates are several times higher in a city such as Los Angeles with a warm and calm climate than in a colder and windier city such as Boston. Calculated chlorine-induced fatality rate projections for various climates are presented as a function of hydrate spill probability in order to illustrate the degree of vehicle/battery crashworthiness required to maintain chlorine-induced fatality rates below current vehicle fatality rates due to fires and asphyxiations. 37 figures, 19 tables.

  4. Effects of Diet on Resource Utilization by a Model Human Gut Microbiota Containing Bacteroides cellulosilyticus WH2, a Symbiont with an Extensive Glycobiome

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNulty, Nathan; Wu, Meng; Erickson, Alison L; Pan, Chongle; Erickson, Brian K; Martens, Eric C; Pudlo, Nicholas A; Muegge, Brian; Henrissat, Bernard; Hettich, Robert {Bob} L; Gordon, Jeffrey

    2013-01-01

    The human gut microbiota is an important metabolic organ, yet little is known about how its individual species interact, establish dominant positions, and respond to changes in environmental factors such as diet. In this study, gnotobiotic mice were colonized with an artificial microbiota comprising 12 sequenced human gut bacterial species and fed oscillating diets of disparate composition. Rapid, reproducible, and reversible changes in the structure of this assemblage were observed. Time-series microbial RNA-Seq analyses revealed staggered functional responses to diet shifts throughout the assemblage that were heavily focused on carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism. High-resolution shotgun metaproteomics confirmed many of these responses at a protein level. One member, Bacteroides cellulosilyticus WH2, proved exceptionally fit regardless of diet. Its genome encoded more carbohydrate active enzymes than any previously sequenced member of the Bacteroidetes. Transcriptional profiling indicated that B. cellulosilyticus WH2 is an adaptive forager that tailors its versatile carbohydrate utilization strategy to available dietary polysaccharides, with a strong emphasis on plant-derived xylans abundant in dietary staples like cereal grains. Two highly expressed, diet-specific polysaccharide utilization loci (PULs) in B. cellulosilyticus WH2 were identified, one with characteristics of xylan utilization systems. Introduction of a B. cellulosilyticus WH2 library comprising .90,000 isogenic transposon mutants into gnotobiotic mice, along with the other artificial community members, confirmed that these loci represent critical diet-specific fitness determinants. Carbohydrates that trigger dramatic increases in expression of these two loci and many of the organism s 111 other predicted PULs were identified by RNA-Seq during in vitro growth on 31 distinct carbohydrate substrates, allowing us to better interpret in vivo RNA-Seq and proteomics data. These results offer insight into how gut microbes adapt to dietary perturbations at both a community level and from the perspective of a well-adapted symbiont with exceptional saccharolytic capabilities, and illustrate the value of artificial communities.

  5. Search for WH production with a light Higgs boson decaying to prompt electron-jets in protonproton collisions at ?s=7 TeV with the ATLAS detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Frank E.

    A search is performed for WH production with a light Higgs boson decaying to hidden-sector particles resulting in clusters of collimated electrons, known as electron-jets. The search is performed with 2.04 fb[superscript ...

  6. Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson in Associated WH Production in 9.7 fb? of pp? Collisions with the D0 Detector

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Askew, A.; et al

    2012-09-20

    We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson in final states with a charged lepton (electron or muon), missing transverse energy, and two or three jets, at least one of which is identified as a b-quark jet. The search is primarily sensitive to WH?l?bb production and uses data corresponding to 9.7 fb? of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp Collider at ?s=1.96 TeV. We observe agreement between the data and the expected background. For a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV, we set a 95% C.L. upper limit on the production ofmorea standard model Higgs boson of 5.2?SM, where ?SM is the standard model Higgs boson production cross section, while the expected limit is 4.7?SM.less

  7. Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson in Associated WH Production in 9.7 fb? of pp? Collisions with the D0 Detector

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Askew, A.; Atkins, S.; Augsten, K.; Avila, C.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Baringer, P.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bazterra, V.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Bellantoni, L.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besanon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatia, S.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Bose, T.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, O.; Brock, R.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Brown, J.; Bu, X. B.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Buszello, C. P.; Camacho-Prez, E.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Caughron, S.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chakraborty, D.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Chapon, E.; Chen, G.; Chevalier-Thry, S.; Cho, D. K.; Cho, S. W.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M.-C.; Croc, A.; Cutts, D.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; de Jong, S. J.; De La Cruz-Burelo, E.; Dliot, F.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Deterre, C.; DeVaughan, K.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Ding, P. F.; Dominguez, A.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duggan, D.; Duperrin, A.; Dutt, S.; Dyshkant, A.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, A.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Facini, G.; Feng, L.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fuess, S.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; Garca-Gonzlez, J. A.; Garca-Guerra, G. A.; Gavrilov, V.; Gay, P.; Geng, W.; Gerbaudo, D.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Ginther, G.; Golovanov, G.; Goussiou, A.; Grannis, P. D.; Greder, S.; Greenlee, H.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Grohsjean, A.; Grnendahl, S.; Grnewald, M. W.; Guillemin, T.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Hagopian, S.; Haley, J.; Han, L.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Head, T.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegab, H.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Heredia-De La Cruz, I.; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hoang, T.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hogan, J.; Hohlfeld, M.; Howley, I.; Hubacek, Z.; Hynek, V.; Iashvili, I.; Ilchenko, Y.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffr, M.; Jayasinghe, A.; Jeong, M. S.; Jesik, R.; Jiang, P.; Johns, K.; Johnson, E.; Johnson, M.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Joshi, J.; Jung, A. W.; Juste, A.; Kaadze, K.; Kajfasz, E.; Karmanov, D.; Kasper, P. A.; Katsanos, I.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Kiselevich, I.; Kohli, J. M.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kulikov, S.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kur?a, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Lammers, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, S. W.; Lee, W. M.; Lei, X.; Lellouch, J.; Li, D.; Li, H.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lim, J. K.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, H.; Liu, Y.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; Lopes de Sa, R.; Lubatti, H. J.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Madar, R.; Magaa-Villalba, R.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Maravin, Y.; Martnez-Ortega, J.; McCarthy, R.; McGivern, C. L.; Meijer, M. M.; Melnitchouk, A.; Menezes, D.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; Miconi, F.; Mondal, N. K.; Mulhearn, M.; Nagy, E.; Naimuddin, M.; Narain, M.; Nayyar, R.; Neal, H. A.; Negret, J. P.; Neustroev, P.; Nguyen, H. T.; Nunnemann, T.; Orduna, J.; Osman, N.; Osta, J.; Padilla, M.; Pal, A.; Parashar, N.; Parihar, V.; Park, S. K.; Partridge, R.; Parua, N.; Patwa, A.; Penning, B.; Perfilov, M.; Peters, Y.; Petridis, K.; Petrillo, G.; Ptroff, P.; Pleier, M.-A.; Podesta-Lerma, P. L. M.; Podstavkov, V. M.; Popov, A. V.; Prewitt, M.; Price, D.; Prokopenko, N.; Qian, J.; Quadt, A.; Quinn, B.; Rangel, M. S.; Ranjan, K.; Ratoff, P. N.; Razumov, I.; Renkel, P.; Ripp-Baudot, I.; Rizatdinova, F.; Rominsky, M.; Ross, A.; Royon, C.; Rubinov, P.; Ruchti, R.; Sajot, G.; Salcido, P.; Snchez-Hernndez, A.; Sanders, M. P.; Santos, A. S.; Savage, G.; Sawyer, L.; Scanlon, T.; Schamberger, R. D.; Scheglov, Y.; Schellman, H.; Schlobohm, S.; Schwanenberger, C.; Schwienhorst, R.; Sekaric, J.; Severini, H.; Shabalina, E.; Shary, V.; Shaw, S.; Shchukin, A. A.; Shivpuri, R. K.; Simak, V.; Skubic, P.; Slattery, P.; Smirnov, D.; Smith, K. J.; Snow, G. R.; Snow, J.; Snyder, S.; Sldner-Rembold, S.; Sonnenschein, L.; Soustruznik, K.; Stark, J.; Stoyanova, D. A.; Strauss, M.; Suter, L.; Svoisky, P.; Takahashi, M.; Titov, M.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Tsai, Y.-T.; Tschann-Grimm, K.; Tsybychev, D.; Tuchming, B.; Tully, C.; Uvarov, L.; Uvarov, S.; Uzunyan, S.; Van Kooten, R.; van Leeuwen, W. M.; Varelas, N.; Varnes, E. W.

    2012-09-01

    We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson in final states with a charged lepton (electron or muon), missing transverse energy, and two or three jets, at least one of which is identified as a b-quark jet. The search is primarily sensitive to WH?l?bb production and uses data corresponding to 9.7 fb? of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron pp Collider at ?s=1.96 TeV. We observe agreement between the data and the expected background. For a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV, we set a 95% C.L. upper limit on the production of a standard model Higgs boson of 5.2?SM, where ?SM is the standard model Higgs boson production cross section, while the expected limit is 4.7?SM.

  8. TES for Residential Settings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rutberg, Michael; Hastbacka, Mildred; Bouza, Antonio

    2013-07-31

    The article discusses thermal energy storage approaches for residential buildings. This article addresses both brick bank storage and phase change material technologies. The energy savings and market potential of these thermal energy storage methods are reviewed as well.

  9. Undergraduate s tudent res earch as s is tant Kathleen Huynh is culturing hum an cancer cells and tes ting them for s ens itivity to com pounds des igned by New

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    and tes ting them for s ens itivity to com pounds des igned by New Mexico Tech's Chem ical Biology . Overall, the university wants to create a "culture of entrepreneurship" on campus, said New Mexico Tech Center Inc. New Mexico Tech, however, has lagged behind in building a tech-transfer program

  10. Research, development and demonstration of lead-acid batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Annual report, 1979. [165 Ah, 36. 5 Wh/kg

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodamer, G.W.; Branca, G.C.; Cash, H.R.; Chrastina, J.R.; Yurick, E.M.

    1980-06-01

    Progress during the 1979 fiscal year is reported. All the tooling and capital equipment required for the pilot line production has been installed. A limited amount of plate production has been realized. A highly automated and versatile testing facility was established. The fabrication and testing of the initial calculated design is discussed. Cell component adjustments and the trade-offs associated with those changes are presented. Cells are being evaluated at the 3-hour rate. They have a capacity of 165 Ah and an energy density of 36.5 Wh/kg, and have completed 105 cycles to date. Experimental results being pursued under the advanced battery development program to enhance energy density and cycle life are presented. Data on the effects of different electrolyte specific gravity, separators, retainers, paste densities, battery additives and grid alloy composition on battery performance are presented and evaluated. Advanced battery prototype cells are under construction. Quality Assurance activities are summarized. They include monitoring the cell and battery fabrication and testing operations as well as all relevant documentation procedures. 12 figures, 28 tables.

  11. Search for $WH$ associated production in $p \\bar{p}$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=1.96\\,{\\rm TeV}$

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; Abbott, Braden Keim; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; Adams, Mark Raymond; Adams, Todd; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; Alton, Andrew K.; Alverson, George O.; Aoki, Masato; Askew, Andrew Warren

    2012-03-01

    This report describes a search for associated production of W and Higgs bosons based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of L {approx} 5.3 fb{sup -1} collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron p{bar p} Collider. Events containing a W {yields} {ell}{nu} candidate (with {ell} corresponding to e or {mu}) are selected in association with two or three reconstructed jets. One or two of the jets are required to be consistent with having evolved from a b quark. A multivariate discriminant technique is used to improve the separation of signal and backgrounds. Expected and observed upper limits are obtained for the product of the WH production cross section and branching ratios and reported in terms of ratios relative to the prediction of the standard model as a function of the mass of the Higgs boson (M{sub H}). The observed and expected 95% C.L. upper limits obtained for an assumed M{sub H} = 115 GeV are, respectively, factors of 4.5 and 4.8 larger than the value predicted by the standard model.

  12. Project Profile: Innovative Application of Maintenance-Free Phase-Change Thermal Energy Storage for Dish Systems

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Infinia, under the Thermal Storage FOA, is developing a thermal energy storage (TES) system that, when combined with Infinia's dish-Stirling system, can achieve DOE's CSP cost goals of $0.07/kWh by 2015 for intermediate power and 5/kWh by 2020 for baseload power.

  13. TES Observations duringTES Observations during Texas Air Quality Study IITexas Air Quality Study II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mb ofthe surface to .01 mb of temperature, water, ozone,temperature, water, ozone, carbon monoxide Spectral Radiance)Radiance) 2B1 filter: 700 nW/cm2B1 filter: 700 nW/cm22 /sr/cm/sr/cm--11 1B2 filter: 2001B2 filter: 200 2A1 filter: 1502A1 filter: 150 1A1 filter: 1001A1 filter: 100 Nadir NEDT @290KNadir

  14. program design. Final report Brown, W.H.; Gopalakrishnan, S....

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    an improved basis for the design, procurement, testing, and operation of large feed pumps with increased reliability and stability over the full range of operating conditions....

  15. kWh Analytics: Quality Ratings for PV

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This presentation summarizes the information given during the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and Technology Forum, June 13-14, 2012.

  16. Category:WH Mapathan Todo List | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,Thermal Gradient Holes Jump to: navigation,Category View form

  17. wh_mission_status.pdf | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'S FUTURE.EnergyWoodenDate Rec Type Recommendations/ Comments

  18. Integrating CSP w/ TES into a Utility System

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was delivered at the SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Program Review 2013, held April 2325, 2013 near Phoenix, Arizona.

  19. \\~;81'"TEs fit " NOAA Technical Report NMFS 144 March 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Marine Fisheries Service Penelope D. Dalton Assistant Administrator for Fisheries The NOAA business required by law ofthis Department. Use offunds for printing of this series has been approved Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, SpringfIeld, VA 22161; 1-800-553-NTIS; http://www.ntis.gov. Copyright law

  20. TES-SNL.ppt. (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)Feedback System

  1. Validation of TES Temperature and Water Vapor Retrievals with ARM

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentric viewingValidating extended

  2. Applications of cogeneration with thermal energy storage technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somasundaram, S.; Katipamula, S.; Williams, H.R.

    1995-03-01

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) leads the U.S. Department of Energy`s Thermal Energy Storage (TES) Program. The program focuses on developing TES for daily cycling (diurnal storage), annual cycling (seasonal storage), and utility-scale applications [utility thermal energy storage (UTES)]. Several of these storage technologies can be used in a new or an existing power generation facility to increase its efficiency and promote the use of the TES technology within the utility and the industrial sectors. The UTES project has included a study of both heat storage and cool storage systems for different utility-scale applications. The study reported here has shown that an oil/rock diurnal TES system, when integrated with a simple gas turbine cogeneration system, can produce on-peak power for $0.045 to $0.06 /kWh, while supplying a 24-hour process steam load. The molten salt storage system was found to be less suitable for simple as well as combined-cycle cogeneration applications. However, certain advanced TES concepts and storage media could substantially improve the performance and economic benefits. In related study of a chill TES system was evaluated for precooling gas turbine inlet air, which showed that an ice storage system could be used to effectively increase the peak generating capacity of gas turbines when operating in hot ambient conditions.

  3. Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newmarker, Marc; Campbell, Mark

    2012-03-16

    Design, validate at prototype level, and then demonstrate a full size, 800 MWht Thermal Energy Storage (TES) system based on Phase Changing Material (PCM) TES modules with round trip efficiency in excess of 93%. The PCM TES module would be the building block of a TES system which can be deployed at costs inline with the DOE benchmark of 2020. The development of a reliable, unsophisticated, modular, and scalable TES system designed to be massmanufactured utilizing advanced automated fabrication and assembly processes and field installed in the most cost-effective configuration could facilitate the attainment of a Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) of $.07/kWh by 2015. It was believed that the DOE targets can be attained by finding the best combinationTES module size, its optimal integration in the power cycle, and readily available PCM. Work under this project ultimately focused on the development and performance evaluation of a 100kWht prototype heat exchanger. The design utilizes a commercially available heat exchanger product to create a unique latent heat PCM storage module. The novel ideal associated with this technology is the inclusion of an agitation mechanism that is activated during the discharge process to improve heat transfer. The prototype unit did not meet the performance goals estimated through modeling, nor did the estimated costs of the system fall in line with the goals established by DOE.

  4. Seminars ---4:10 p.m. ---WH 203 Refreshments served at 3:45 p.m. in the Student Lounge ---WH 349.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napier, Terrence

    Seminar Adviser: Dr. Dupont 4th Year Graduate Student Seminar Adviser: Dr. Watanabe 2nd Year Graduate Student Seminar Adviser: Dr. Cheng 2/18 Michael Kracum Yan Wang Yilin Chen 2nd Year Graduate Student Seminar Adviser: Dr. Chan 2nd Year Graduate Student Seminar Adviser: Dr. Harmer 2nd Year Graduate Student

  5. Life Cycle Assessment of a Parabolic Trough Concentrating Solar Power Plant and Impacts of Key Design Alternatives: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heath, G. A.; Burkhardt, J. J.; Turchi, C. S.

    2011-09-01

    Climate change and water scarcity are important issues for today's power sector. To inform capacity expansion decisions, hybrid life cycle assessment is used to evaluate a reference design of a parabolic trough concentrating solar power (CSP) facility located in Daggett, California, along four sustainability metrics: life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, water consumption, cumulative energy demand (CED), and energy payback time (EPBT). This wet-cooled, 103 MW plant utilizes mined nitrate salts in its two-tank, thermal energy storage (TES) system. Design alternatives of dry-cooling, a thermocline TES, and synthetically-derived nitrate salt are evaluated. During its life cycle, the reference CSP plant is estimated to emit 26 g CO2eq per kWh, consume 4.7 L/kWh of water, and demand 0.40 MJeq/kWh of energy, resulting in an EPBT of approximately 1 year. The dry-cooled alternative is estimated to reduce life cycle water consumption by 77% but increase life cycle GHG emissions and CED by 8%. Synthetic nitrate salts may increase life cycle GHG emissions by 52% compared to mined. Switching from two-tank to thermocline TES configuration reduces life cycle GHG emissions, most significantly for plants using synthetically-derived nitrate salts. CSP can significantly reduce GHG emissions compared to fossil-fueled generation; however, dry-cooling may be required in many locations to minimize water consumption.

  6. Metal Hydrides for High-Temperature Power Generation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ronnebro, Ewa; Whyatt, Greg A.; Powell, Michael R.; Westman, Matthew P.; Zheng, Feng; Fang, Zhigang Zak

    2015-08-10

    Metal hydrides can be utilized for hydrogen storage and for thermal energy storage (TES) applications. By using TES with solar technologies, heat can be stored from sun energy to be used later which enables continuous power generation. We are developing a TES technology based on a dual-bed metal hydride system, which has a high-temperature (HT) metal hydride operating reversibly at 600-800C to generate heat as well as a low-temperature (LT) hydride near room temperature that is used for hydrogen storage during sun hours until there is a need to produce electricity, such as during night time, a cloudy day, ormoreduring peak hours. We proceeded from selecting a high-energy density, low-cost HT-hydride based on performance characterization on gram size samples, to scale-up to kilogram quantities and design, fabrication and testing of a 1.5kWh, 200kWh/m3 bench-scale TES prototype based on a HT-bed of titanium hydride and a hydrogen gas storage instead of a LT-hydride. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to make performance predictions for cylindrical hydride beds with varying diameters and thermal conductivities. Based on experimental and modeling results, a bench-scale prototype was designed and fabricated and we successfully showed feasibility to meet or exceed all performance targets.less

  7. The growth and stress response characterization of Synechococcus WH8109 cyanobacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erickson, Erika M

    2009-01-01

    Oceanic cyanobacteria are amongst the most populous species on the planet and have been found in every ocean around the world. These photosynthetic organisms play a major role in the global carbon cycle. They have adapted ...

  8. Statistical Analysis of Microarray Data with Replicated Spots: A Case Study withSynechococcusWH8102

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Thomas, E. V.; Phillippy, K. H.; Brahamsha, B.; Haaland, D. M.; Timlin, J. A.; Elbourne, L. D. H.; Palenik, B.; Paulsen, I. T.

    2009-01-01

    Until recently microarray experiments often involved relatively few arrays with only a single representation of each gene on each array. A complete genome microarray with multiple spots per gene (spread out spatially across the array) was developed in order to compare the gene expression of a marine cyanobacterium and a knockout mutant strain in a defined artificial seawater medium. Statistical methods were developed for analysis in the special situation of this case study where there is gene replication within an array and where relatively few arrays are used, which can be the case with current array technology. Due in partmoreto the replication within an array, it was possible to detect very small changes in the levels of expression between the wild type and mutant strains. One interesting biological outcome of this experiment is the indication of the extent to which the phosphorus regulatory system of this cyanobacterium affects the expression of multiple genes beyond those strictly involved in phosphorus acquisition.less

  9. COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING @ UCI >>> WhAT DID yOU lEARN?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    it to make fractal images. Electronic Devices and Circuits I learned how to design transistor circuits worked with three other students to create an automated solution to a labyrinth board game using image-state hard drives so that laptops are faster and have longer battery life. // Or you might get a job

  10. Electric rate that shifts hourly may foretell spot-market kWh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Springer, N.

    1985-11-25

    Four California industrial plants have cut their electricity bills up to 16% by shifting from the traditional time-of-use rates to an experimental real-time program (RTP) that varies prices hourly. The users receive a price schedule reflecting changing generating costs one day in advance to encourage them to increase power consumption during the cheapest time periods. Savings during the pilot program range between $11,000 and $32,000 per customer. The hourly cost breakdown encourages consumption during the night and early morning. The signalling system could be expanded to cogenerators and independent small power producers. If an electricity spot market develops, forecasters think a place on the stock exchanges for future-delivery contracts could develop in the future.

  11. Statistical Analysis of Microarray Data with Replicated Spots: A Case Study with Synechococcus WH8102

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Thomas, E. V.; Phillippy, K. H.; Brahamsha, B.; Haaland, D. M.; Timlin, J. A.; Elbourne, L. D. H.; Palenik, B.; Paulsen, I. T.

    2009-01-01

    Until recently microarray experiments often involved relatively few arrays with only a single representation of each gene on each array. A complete genome microarray with multiple spots per gene (spread out spatially across the array) was developed in order to compare the gene expression of a marine cyanobacterium and a knockout mutant strain in a defined artificial seawater medium. Statistical methods were developed for analysis in the special situation of this case study where there is gene replication within an array and where relatively few arrays are used, which can be the case with current array technology. Due in partmoreto the replication within an array, it was possible to detect very small changes in the levels of expression between the wild type and mutant strains. One interesting biological outcome of this experiment is the indication of the extent to which the phosphorus regulatory system of this cyanobacterium affects the expression of multiple genes beyond those strictly involved in phosphorus acquisition.less

  12. "2014 Total Electric Industry- Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page|Monthly","10/2015","1/15/1981" ,"DataWorking17.2 116.9Transportation" "(Data

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - WH Energy and Climate Stakeholders 10-7-09 final.ppt

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOE Safetyof Methane HydrateUpdateBudgeting RebeccaSCADAwethat Can|

  14. text in "Max kWh" fields | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)data bookresult formats Homestormtext in "Max

  15. ETs HVAC, WH and Appliance R&D

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25, 2014TEMPLATE | Tuesday, September 25ofET's

  16. ETs HVAC, WH and Appliance R&D

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25, 2014TEMPLATE | Tuesday, September

  17. 2014 Total Electric Industry- Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural Gas ReservesAlabama Alabama

  18. U.S. Solar Holdings Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephens, Jake; Stekli, Joe; Rueckert, Tommy; Irwin, Levi; Mehos, Mark; Ho, Cliff

    2012-03-06

    This report summarizes the work of the US Solar Thermal Storage LLC (USSTS) team on SandShifter subproject for Phase 2 of U.S. Department of Energys FOA #DE-FC36-08GO18155.005. This subproject develops a new-to-the-world, disruptive technology which leverages an abundant, inexpensive, and benign material, Sand, for application in Thermal Energy Storage (TES) in association with power generation from Concentrating Solar Thermal (CST) systems. Sand, as a standalone TES media, has a 10 to 25X cost per unit of storage capacity cost advantage over the prevailing technology, molten salt. The work summarized herein suggests that SandShifter, which has a non-linear cost curve favoring higher hours of storage, could likely achieve economics of $15 per kWh-th or less for several hours of storage in high temperature steam- or salt-as-HTF configurations with further technology development.

  19. Mesoscale Spectra of Mars's Atmosphere Derived from MGS TES Infrared Radiances TAKESHI IMAMURA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and potential energy spectra as a function of horizontal wavenumber. Each spectrum has two different wave spectra of the atmospheric potential energy of Mars at mesoscales (wavelengths of 64957 km) were obtained-scale ends, the spectra sometimes show prominent steepening with slopes from 2 to 3. The power peaks

  20. Low-Cost Metal Hydride TES Systems- FY13 Q3

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document summarizes the progress of this SRNL project, funded by SunShot, for the third quarter of fiscal year 2013.

  1. Low-Cost Metal Hydride TES Systems- FY13 Q1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document summarizes the progress for this Savannah Reiver National Laboratory project, funded by SunShot, for the first quarter of fiscal year 2013.

  2. TENDER-ENERGY SPATIALLY RESOLVED AND IN-SITU X-RAY ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY (TES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    Spectroelectrochemical cell design for in-situ measurements of fuel-cell catalyst at controlled electrochemical potential and under gas flow, all compatible with low-energy fluorescence-mode XAS measurements. Real fuel" in review. . Energy Materials: Photovoltaic, fuel-cell, battery and superconducting (nano

  3. A global comparison of carbon monoxide profiles and column amounts from Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and anthropogenic incomplete combustion processes. In the presence of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide (COA global comparison of carbon monoxide profiles and column amounts from Tropospheric Emission compare carbon monoxide (CO) products from the Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT

  4. Reducing Energy Costs And Minimizing Capital Requirements: Case Studies of Thermal Energy Storage (TES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrepont, J. S.

    2007-01-01

    Large cooling systems typically represent substantial capital investments and incur high operating energy costs. Cooling loads tend to peak during times of year and times of day when high ambient temperatures create a maximum demand for power...

  5. TesTing for space Satellite components must be able to survive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    not rush in. Scientists and engineers must also make sure they do not pollute the air, to do CONTACT RAL very low levels of contaminants and pollutants, with a controlled humidity and temperature. Filters keep the air dust free and a positive pressure ensures that if a door is opened, contaminated air does

  6. Research and Development for Novel Thermal Energy Storage Systems (TES) for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faghri, Amir; Bergman, Theodore L; Pitchumani, Ranga

    2013-09-26

    The overall objective was to develop innovative heat transfer devices and methodologies for novel thermal energy storage systems for concentrating solar power generation involving phase change materials (PCMs). Specific objectives included embedding thermosyphons and/or heat pipes (TS/HPs) within appropriate phase change materials to significantly reduce thermal resistances within the thermal energy storage system of a large-scale concentrating solar power plant and, in turn, improve performance of the plant. Experimental, system level and detailed comprehensive modeling approaches were taken to investigate the effect of adding TS/HPs on the performance of latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) systems.

  7. DIARIO de IBIZAMArTES, 21 DE MAYo DE 201314 AndreuPaloupresidielcomit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oro, Daniel

    , aque- llos insectos que estn en contac- tocontoxinas.Noobstante,setra- ta de una propuesta interesante

  8. Degradation Mechanisms and Development of Protective Coatings for TES and HTF Containment Materials

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This presentation was delivered at the SunShot Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Program Review 2013, held April 2325, 2013 near Phoenix, Arizona.

  9. Project Summary-TES-SNL.doc. (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTech ConnectSpeeding accessusers'(x≤2)Article)SciTechon MPAS Land IceProject

  10. Transition-Edge Sensor X-Ray Fluorescence (TES-XRF) for High Resolution

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week DayDr.Theories81TowardsTrackingCarbon2 -,2 Summer

  11. The Higgs boson in the Standard Model theoretical constraints and a direct search in the wh channel at the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huske, Nils Kristian; /Paris U., VI-VII

    2010-09-01

    We have presented results in two different yet strongly linked aspects of Higgs boson physics. We have learned about the importance of the Higgs boson for the fate of the Standard Model, being either only a theory limited to explaining phenomena at the electroweak scale or, if the Higgs boson lies within a mass range of 130 < m{sub H} < 160 GeV the SM would remain a self consistent theory up to highest energy scales O(m{sub Pl}). This could have direct implications on theories of cosmological inflation using the Higgs boson as the particle giving rise to inflation in the very early Universe, if it couples non-minimally to gravity, an effect that would only become significant at very high energies. After understanding the immense meaning of proving whether the Higgs boson exists and if so, at which mass, we have presented a direct search for a Higgs boson in associated production with a W boson in a mass range 100 < m{sub H} < 150 GeV. A light Higgs boson is favored regarding constraints from electroweak precision measurements. As a single analysis is not yet sensitive for an observation of the Higgs boson using 5.3 fb{sup -1} of Tevatron data, we set limits on the production cross section times branching ratio. At the Tevatron, however, we are able to combine the sensitivity of our analyses not only across channels or analyses at a single experiment but also across both experiments, namely CDF and D0. This yields to the so-called Tevatron Higgs combination which, in total, combines 129 analyses from both experiments with luminosities of up to 6.7 fb{sup -1}. The results of a previous Tevatron combination led to the first exclusion of possible Higgs boson masses since the LEP exclusion in 2001. The latest Tevatron combination from July 2010 can be seen in Fig. 111 and limits compared to the Standard Model expectation are listed in Table 23. It excludes a SM Higgs boson in the regions of 100 < m{sub H} < 109 GeV as well as 158 < m{sub H} < 175 GeV based on the observed final limits at 95% C.L. In the most interesting low mass region between 115 and 135 GeV, even the full Tevatron combination is not yet sensitive enough to exclude a Higgs boson, or to even prove its existence with a meaningful significance. Fig. 112 shows a projection plot for sensitivity to the SM Higgs boson at the Tevatron as a measure of increasing luminosity. The 10 fb{sup -1} projection is a rather conservative outlook for the coming year of data taking as the Tevatron runs smoothly and the run till the end of 2011 is assured. By now, already 9 fb{sup -1} have been recorded by the two experiments. As the extrapolation plot shows, this amount of luminosity will allow to exclude the Higgs boson over a wide mass range at a 95% C.L. With the LHC at CERN now running and successfully collecting first data, it is worth looking at projections of Higgs boson sensitivity at the current center of mass energy of 7 TeV of the LHC accelerator. Fig. 113 shows a projection of a possible SM Higgs boson exclusion using 1 fb{sup -1} of LHC data collected by the ATLAS experiment. An exclusion is expected between 135 and 188 GeV at 95% C.L., combining the three decay channels H {yields} WW, H {yields} ZZ and H {yields} {gamma}{gamma}. A combination between LHC experiments would possibly yield an even broader range of excluded Higgs boson mass points. Therefore, whether at the Tevatron or the LHC, exciting times in the exclusion or possible discovery of the SM Higgs boson lie ahead.

  12. 14 Department of Geology and Geophysics University of Wisconsin-Madison W.H. TwenhofelPatriarch of Sedimentary Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Clark M.

    called sedimentology and our univer- sity was one of a very few centers of research and teaching. in clastic sedimentology (1958), Carl J. Bowser in sedimentary geochemistry (1964), and Lloyd C. Pray in carbonate sedimentology (1968). Cline died prema- turely in 1971 and the other three are now retired. Today

  13. WH ITNEY CAN YON-CART ER CR K YELLOW CR EEK_WY_D PIN EVIEW AN

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers inYear JanSalesa.E. GreatCSVLiquids

  14. WH ITNEY CAN YON-CART ER CR K YELLOW CR EEK_WY_D PIN EVIEW AN

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers inYear JanSalesa.E. GreatCSVLiquidsGas

  15. WH ITNEY CAN YON-CART ER CR K YELLOW CR EEK_WY_D PIN EVIEW AN

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers inYear JanSalesa.E.

  16. Added Value of Reliability to a Microgrid: Simulations of Three California Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2009-01-01

    electric storage (kWh) thermal storage (kWh) annual costs (kelectric storage (kWh) thermal storage (kWh) annual costs (kelectric storage (kWh) thermal storage (kWh) annual costs (k

  17. Tropospheric column ozone: matching individual profiles from Aura OMI and TES with a chemistry-transport model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Q.; Prather, M. J

    2012-01-01

    Science Objectives of the Ozone Monitoring In- strument,G. J. , and Logan, J. A. : Ozone climatolog- ical profilestroposphere ex- change ozone flux related to deep

  18. S H U T T L E S T O P S OFF-CAMPUS ROU TES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    7 8 9 12 4 N LIB CB1NSC LC CB2 CHEM PSBMSB HPH Burnett Honors BHC E7 Business Administration BA G8 Physical Sciences Building PSB G8 Recreation and Wellness Center RWC G11 Sciences CSB F8 Student Union STUN

  19. Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Inorganic Nanomaterials for Thermal Energy Storage (TES) and Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Seunghwan

    2012-07-16

    The objective of this study is to synthesize nanomaterials by mixing molten salt (alkali nitrate salt eutectics) with inorganic nanoparticles. The thermo-physical properties of the synthesized nanomaterials were characterized experimentally...

  20. Degradation Mechanisms and Development of Protective Coatings for TES and HTF Containment Materials- F13 Q1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This document summarizes the progress of this NREL project, funded by SunShot, for the first quarter of fiscal year 2013.

  1. THE NRC HAS ISSUED Ati ACTION PLAN FOR CLEANUP OF 46 SfTES that;;ece

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , c 1 1; -.ll 1q 3 THE/NRC HAS

  2. MTH 415 Syllabus Spring 2000 CLASS TIME: MWF 10:20 11:10 in C 300 WH from 01/10/2000 to 04/28/2000.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschelde, Jan

    have any math questions. We can also make an appointment. TEXT BOOK: James M. Ortega: `Matrix Theory Linear Algebra with Applications', 3nd ed., Saunders College Pub., 1996; and Steven J. Leon: `Linear

  3. Thermal Contraction of Au Nanoparticles W.-H. Li, S.Y. Wu, C. C. Yang, S. K. Lai, and K. C. Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and H. D. Yang Department of Physics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 804, Republic on the collector, was stripped off. The resultant powder was no longer gold yellow but dark black, indicating

  4. Search for a Standard Model Higgs Boson in WH-->lvbb-bar in pp-bar Collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Si

    We present a search for a standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a W boson using 2.7??fb[superscript -1] of integrated luminosity of pp? collision data taken at ?s=1.96??TeV. Limits on the Higgs boson ...

  5. Course title and number: CISK 450 Management Information Systems Term: Fall 2014 Meeting times: MW 4:00 pm 5:15 pm Meeting location: WH 308

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diestel, Geoff

    1 SYLLABUS Course title and number: CISK 450 Management Information Systems Term: Fall 2014 and Description: This course investigates management issues related to business information systems designed to meet the informational needs of the various business subsystems. The concepts stressed are systems

  6. Initial test results from the RedFlow 5 kW, 10 kWh zinc-bromide module, phase 1.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferreira, Summer Rhodes; Rose, David Martin

    2012-02-01

    In this paper the performance results of the RedFlow zinc-bromide module (ZBM) Gen 2.0 are reported for Phase 1 of testing, which includes initial characterization of the module. This included physical measurement, efficiency as a function of charge and discharge rates, efficiency as a function of maximum charge capacity, duration of maximum power supplied, and limited cycling with skipped strip cycles. The goal of this first phase of testing was to verify manufacturer specifications of the zinc-bromide flow battery. Initial characterization tests have shown that the ZBM meets the manufacturer's specifications. Further testing, including testing as a function of temperature and life cycle testing, will be carried out during Phase 2 of the testing, and these results will be issued in the final report, after Phase 2 testing has concluded.

  7. Savings estimates for the ENERGY STAR (registered trademark) voluntary labeling program: 2001 status report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Mahajan, Akshay; Koomey, Jonathan G.

    2002-01-01

    Electricity Price Price 1998$/kWh 1998$/kWh Carbon Emissionsenergy price in year t (in $/kWh or $/MBtu) C t ? The carbon

  8. 2004 status report: Savings estimates for the Energy Star(R) voluntarylabeling program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; McWhinney, Marla

    2004-01-01

    Electricity Price Price 2000$/kWh 2000$/kWh Carbon Electricenergy price in year t (in $/kWh or $/MBtu) C t = The carbon

  9. 2003 status report savings estimates for the energy star(R) voluntary labeling program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; McWhinney, Marla

    2004-01-01

    Electricity Price Price 2000$/kWh 2000$/kWh Carbon Electricenergy price in year t (in $/kWh or $/MBtu) C t = The carbon

  10. 2005 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla

    2006-01-01

    Electricity Price Price 2003$/kWh 2003$/kWh Carbon Electricenergy price in year t (in $/kWh or $/MBtu) C t = The carbon

  11. 2002 status report: Savings estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) voluntary labeling program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; McWhinney, Marla; Koomey, Jonathan

    2003-01-01

    Price Price 2000$/kWh 2000$/kWh Electric Carbon Emissionsenergy price in year t (in $/kWh or $/MBtu) C t = The carbon

  12. California Baseline Energy Demands to 2050 for Advanced Energy Pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

    2008-01-01

    Dryer WH - Clothes Washer Clothes Washer WH - DishwasherDishwasher Water Heating Figure 7 Breakdown of residentialUEC Water Heating (WH) Dishwasher Advanced Energy Pathways -

  13. Thermal Energy Storage: It's not Just for Electric Cost Savings Anymore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrepont, J. S.

    2014-01-01

    Large cool Thermal Energy Storage (TES), typically ice TES or chilled water (CHW) TES, has traditionally been thought of, and used for, managing time-of-day electricity use to reduce the cost associated with electric energy and demand charges...

  14. U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES) andor Turbine Inlet Cooling (TIC), September 2003 U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES)...

  15. C10DIV.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh) per Worker (thousand kWh) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot (dollars) per kWh (dollars) NEW ENGLAND...

  16. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6222015 14:27 SLCAIP Hydro Generation Estimates Month Forecast Generation less losses (kWh) Less Proj. Use (kWh) Net Generation (kWh) SHP Deliveries (kWh) Firming Purchases...

  17. Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

    2008-01-01

    7/kWh Gas Turbine 5/kWh Combined-Cycle Oil Baseload Coal7/kWh Gas Turbine 5/kWh Combined-Cycle Oi Baseload Coalof Supply Technologies CT Combined- Cycle Oil Baseload Coal

  18. Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES) and/or Turbine Inlet Cooling (TIC), 2004

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Development of a database, in Excel format, listing CHP installations incorporating thermal energy storage or turbine inlet cooling.

  19. Systema(c Tes(ng and Comparison of Determinis(c and Stochas(c Unit Commitment by means of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    England Data Wanning Li, Dheepak Krishnamurthy, Leigh Tesfatsion, Iowa State by increasing penetraDon of variable energy resources (e.g., wind, solar penetra(on. Our results demonstrate that the average cost saving resulDng from

  20. " .. ............""""'-----Sta-tes Department of the Interior, j. A. Krug, Secretary ,I ' , Fish' ..ad '.f11dHteServ1ee, AlbertM. Day,. Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    'f"'\\a,,"O~rkl il~r ~enet'ally; .from the ebb tide on which they go out to the following flood tide on which

  1. 1102 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 44, NO. 5, MAY 2006 TES on the Aura Mission: Scientific Objectives,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's surface from solar UV-B radiation, and thinning of this layer as a result of human activities is a matter, extending from the surface to about 1015 km altitude). While other satellite experiments such as the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) [1], [2], the Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT

  2. CLUSTERING OF OBSCURED AND UNOBSCURED QUASARS IN THE BOOeTES FIELD: PLACING RAPIDLY GROWING BLACK HOLES IN THE COSMIC WEB

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hickox, Ryan C.; Alexander, David M.; Goulding, Andrew D.; Myers, Adam D.; Brodwin, Mark; Forman, William R.; Jones, Christine; Murray, Stephen S.; Eisenstein, Daniel; Caldwell, Nelson; Brown, Michael J. I.; Cool, Richard J.; Kochanek, Christopher S.; Dey, Arjun; Jannuzi, Buell T.; Assef, Roberto J.; Eisenhardt, Peter R.; Gorjian, Varoujan; Stern, Daniel; Le Floc'h, Emeric

    2011-04-20

    We present the first measurement of the spatial clustering of mid-infrared-selected obscured and unobscured quasars, using a sample in the redshift range 0.7 < z < 1.8 selected from the 9 deg{sup 2} Booetes multiwavelength survey. Recently, the Spitzer Space Telescope and X-ray observations have revealed large populations of obscured quasars that have been inferred from models of the X-ray background and supermassive black hole evolution. To date, little is known about obscured quasar clustering, which allows us to measure the masses of their host dark matter halos and explore their role in the cosmic evolution of black holes and galaxies. In this study, we use a sample of 806 mid-infrared-selected quasars and {approx}250,000 galaxies to calculate the projected quasar-galaxy cross-correlation function w{sub p} (R). The observed clustering yields characteristic dark matter halo masses of log(M{sub halo} [h {sup -1} M{sub sun}]) = 12.7{sup +0.4}{sub -0.6} and 13.3{sup +0.3}{sub -0.4} for unobscured quasars (QSO-1s) and obscured quasars (Obs-QSOs), respectively. The results for QSO-1s are in excellent agreement with previous measurements for optically selected quasars, while we conclude that the Obs-QSOs are at least as strongly clustered as the QSO-1s. We test for the effects of photometric redshift errors on the optically faint Obs-QSOs, and find that our method yields a robust lower limit on the clustering; photo-z errors may cause us to underestimate the clustering amplitude of the Obs-QSOs by at most {approx}20%. We compare our results to previous studies, and speculate on physical implications of stronger clustering for obscured quasars.

  3. 1352 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 44, NO. 5, MAY 2006 TES Science Investigator-Led Processing System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the two day period between surveys. In addition, the SIPS must also be able to reprocess data due to any

  4. THERMOCHEMICAL HEAT STORAGE FOR CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PROJECT STAFF

    2011-10-31

    Thermal energy storage (TES) is an integral part of a concentrated solar power (CSP) system. It enables plant operators to generate electricity beyond on sun hours and supply power to the grid to meet peak demand. Current CSP sensible heat storage systems employ molten salts as both the heat transfer fluid and the heat storage media. These systems have an upper operating temperature limit of around 400 C. Future TES systems are expected to operate at temperatures between 600 C to 1000 C for higher thermal efficiencies which should result in lower electricity cost. To meet future operating temperature and electricity cost requirements, a TES concept utilizing thermochemical cycles (TCs) based on multivalent solid oxides was proposed. The system employs a pair of reduction and oxidation (REDOX) reactions to store and release heat. In the storage step, hot air from the solar receiver is used to reduce the oxidation state of an oxide cation, e.g. Fe3+ to Fe2+. Heat energy is thus stored as chemical bonds and the oxide is charged. To discharge the stored energy, the reduced oxide is re-oxidized in air and heat is released. Air is used as both the heat transfer fluid and reactant and no storage of fluid is needed. This project investigated the engineering and economic feasibility of this proposed TES concept. The DOE storage cost and LCOE targets are $15/kWh and $0.09/kWh respectively. Sixteen pure oxide cycles were identified through thermodynamic calculations and literature information. Data showed the kinetics of re-oxidation of the various oxides to be a key barrier to implementing the proposed concept. A down selection was carried out based on operating temperature, materials costs and preliminary laboratory measurements. Cobalt oxide, manganese oxide and barium oxide were selected for developmental studies to improve their REDOX reaction kinetics. A novel approach utilizing mixed oxides to improve the REDOX kinetics of the selected oxides was proposed. It partially replaces some of the primary oxide cations with selected secondary cations. This causes a lattice charge imbalance and increases the anion vacancy density. Such vacancies enhance the ionic mass transport and lead to faster re-oxidation. Reoxidation fractions of Mn3O4 to Mn2O3 and CoO to Co3O4 were improved by up to 16 fold through the addition of a secondary oxide. However, no improvement was obtained in barium based mixed oxides. In addition to enhancing the short term re-oxidation kinetics, it was found that the use of mixed oxides also help to stabilize or even improve the TES properties after long term thermal cycling. Part of this improvement could be attributed to a reduced grain size in the mixed oxides. Based on the measurement results, manganese-iron, cobalt-aluminum and cobalt iron mixed oxides have been proposed for future engineering scale demonstration. Using the cobalt and manganese mixed oxides, we were able to demonstrate charge and discharge of the TES media in both a bench top fixed bed and a rotary kiln-moving bed reactor. Operations of the fixed bed configuration are straight forward but require a large mass flow rate and higher fluid temperature for charging. The rotary kiln makes direct solar irradiation possible and provides significantly better heat transfer, but designs to transport the TES oxide in and out of the reactor will need to be defined. The final reactor and system design will have to be based on the economics of the CSP plant. A materials compatibility study was also conducted and it identified Inconel 625 as a suitable high temperature engineering material to construct a reactor holding either cobalt or manganese mixed oxides. To assess the economics of such a CSP plant, a packed bed reactor model was established as a baseline. Measured cobalt-aluminum oxide reaction kinetics were applied to the model and the influences of bed properties and process parameters on the overall system design were investigated. The optimal TES system design was found to be a network of eight fixed bed reactors at 18.75 MWth each with charge and

  5. Energy Storage for Long Endurance AUVs Gwyn Griffiths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffiths, Gwyn

    energy batteries Manganese alkaline 110 Wh.kg-1 71 per kWh Rayovac Lithium ion & Lithium polymer 100 - 195 Wh.kg-1 ~1400 per kWh Capital cost Lithium manganese dioxide 270 Wh.kg-1 667 per kWh SAFT LM Eagle Pitcher LCF111 r=6.4 r=108 Energy & cost for 700 kg energy payload Manganese alkaline: 77 kWh 5

  6. Bright Future NW Energy Coalition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as coal or natural-gas generation. Wind and biomass nearly twice as many. Solar PV job potential is huge on natural gas. Energy Efficiency 3/kWh Energy Efficiency 3/kWh RPS 2020 10/kWh RPS 2020 10/kWh New Natural Gas 10/kWh Repower Existing Coal Plants 6/kWh New Renewables 2020-2050 10/kWh Repower

  7. Search for WH production with a light Higgs bosondecaying to prompt electron-jets in protonprotoncollisions at roots= 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Institute, Gatchina, Russia 122a INFN Sezione di Pisa,Pisa, Italy 122b Dipartimento di FisicaEnrico Fermi, Universit`a di Pisa, Pisa, Italy Department of

  8. CORONAL HEATING VIA ALFVEN WAVES AND 2D MHD TURBULENCE s. Oughtonl, W.H. Matthaeus2, G.P. Zank2, D.J. MuIlan2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oughton, Sean

    .Estimates of achievableheating efficienciesbased on the simu- lations are consistent with phenomenologicaltreat- ments

  9. Search for WH production with a light Higgs bosondecaying to prompt electron-jets in protonprotoncollisions at roots= 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson [35] at this mass.and the branching ratio of a Higgs boson decaying to promptas a function of a Higgs boson mass in the range from 100 to

  10. Search for WH production with a light Higgs bosondecaying to prompt electron-jets in protonprotoncollisions at roots= 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    135b Centre National de lEnergie des Sciences TechniquesSaclay (Commissariat a ` lEnergie Atomique et aux EnergiesSaclay (Commissariat a ` lEnergie Atomique et aux Energies

  11. Fluidized-bed technology enabling the integration of high temperature solar receiver CSP systems with steam and advanced power cycles

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sakadjian, B.; Hu, S.; Maryamchik, M.; Flynn, T.; Santelmann, K.; Ma, Z.

    2015-05-01

    Solar Particle Receivers (SPR) are under development to drive concentrating solar plants (CSP) towards higher operating temperatures to support higher efficiency power conversion cycles. The novel high temperature SPR-based CSP system uses solid particles as the heat transfer medium (HTM) in place of the more conventional fluids such as molten salt or steam used in current state-of-the-art CSP plants. The solar particle receiver (SPR) is designed to heat the HTM to temperatures of 800 C or higher which is well above the operating temperatures of nitrate-based molten salt thermal energy storage (TES) systems. The solid particles also help overcome somemoreof the other challenges associated with molten salt-based systems such as freezing, instability and degradation. The higher operating temperatures and use of low cost HTM and higher efficiency power cycles are geared towards reducing costs associated with CSP systems. This paper describes the SPR-based CSP system with a focus on the fluidized-bed (FB) heat exchanger and its integration with various power cycles. The SPR technology provides a potential pathway to achieving the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) target of $0.06/kWh that has been set by the U.S. Department of Energy's SunShot initiative.less

  12. Greenhouse Gas Return on Investment: A New Metric for Energy Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

    2008-01-01

    to GHG/kWh of the USA electricity supply chain are coalTurbine Nuclear (USA) Coal 3.3 Electricity Marginal GHG/kWhNet GHG/kWh of Electricity example based on USA. Figure 2:

  13. A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year Actual Weather Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01

    EUI (kWh/m 2 ), year City Miami Riyadh Houston PhoenixEUI (kWh/m 2 ), year City Miami Riyadh Houston PhoenixEUI (kWh/m 2 ), year City Miami Riyadh Houston Phoenix

  14. Regional Analysis of Building Distributed Energy Costs and CO2 Abatement: A U.S. - China Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendes, Goncalo

    2014-01-01

    0.11 $/kWh, as in San Francisco, Baltimore, Phoenix and Lask) l) Phoenix, AZ Minneapolis, MN Energy ($/kWh) Power ($/Phoenix and Miami, where the average electricity price is 0.05 $/kWh,

  15. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    kg-CO 2eq /kWh for Puertollano, Phoenix, Sydney, Mountainin Phoenix, Arizona (Direct Normal Insolation of 6.9 kWh/m5, 6, 7 kWh/m 2 /day in Puertollano, Phoenix, Sydney, Moun-

  16. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    4A. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for All Buildings, 2003 Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh)...

  17. Table C10. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities, 1999" ,"Electricity Consumption",,,,,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"per Building (thousand kWh)","per Square Foot (kWh)","per...

  18. Optimal investment and scheduling of distributed energy resources with uncertainty in electric vehicles driving schedules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardoso, Goncalo

    2014-01-01

    price of electric vehicle electricity exchange at home, $/kWh marginal carboncarbon emissions rate from generation technology j, kg/kWh price

  19. 2006 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla; Homan, Gregory K.

    2006-01-01

    Price Source Carbon Emissions Factor for Electricity kg C/kWh Carbonenergy price in year t (in $/kWh or $/MBtu) C t = The carbon

  20. Comparing the risk profiles of renewable and natural gas electricity contracts: A summary of the California Department of Water Resources contracts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachrach, Devra; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Golove, William

    2003-01-01

    per kWh) i f a $10 per metric ton carbon allowance priceper kWh) i f a $100 per metric ton carbon allowance price

  1. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    arc/induction furnaces, metal casting Steel melting,blast cupola, metal casting Unit kg/t kWh/t kWh/t kgce/t

  2. Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Annexes updated July 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    0.32 LPG kWh x 0.214 therms x 6.27 litres x 1.49 Coking Coal tonnes x 2736 kWh x 0.331 Aviation.63 Petrol tonnes x 3135 kWh x 0.24 litres x 2.30 Fuel Oil tonnes x 3223 kWh x 0.27 Coal2 tonnes x 2548 kWh xWh x 0.25 Petroleum Coke tonnes x 3410 kWh x 0.34 Refinery Miscellaneous kWh x 0.24 therms x 7

  3. China's Pathways to Achieving 40percent 45percent Reduction in CO2 Emissions per Unit of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2013-01-01

    kWh) in 2020 Installed capacity of wind, solar, and biomassgce/kWh) in Installed capacity of wind, solar, and biomass

  4. Novel Molten Salts Thermal Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reddy, Ramana G.

    2013-10-23

    The explicit UA program objective is to develop low melting point (LMP) molten salt thermal energy storage media with high thermal energy storage density for sensible heat storage systems. The novel Low Melting Point (LMP) molten salts are targeted to have the following characteristics: 1. Lower melting point (MP) compared to current salts (<222C) 2. Higher energy density compared to current salts (>300 MJ/m3) 3. Lower power generation cost compared to current salt In terms of lower power costs, the program target the DOE's Solar Energy Technologies Program year 2020 goal to create systems that have the potential to reduce the cost of Thermal Energy Storage (TES) to less than $15/kWh-th and achieve round trip efficiencies greater than 93%. The project has completed the experimental investigations to determine the thermo-physical, long term thermal stability properties of the LMP molten salts and also corrosion studies of stainless steel in the candidate LMP molten salts. Heat transfer and fluid dynamics modeling have been conducted to identify heat transfer geometry and relative costs for TES systems that would utilize the primary LMP molten salt candidates. The project also proposes heat transfer geometry with relevant modifications to suit the usage of our molten salts as thermal energy storage and heat transfer fluids. The essential properties of the down-selected novel LMP molten salts to be considered for thermal storage in solar energy applications were experimentally determined, including melting point, heat capacity, thermal stability, density, viscosity, thermal conductivity, vapor pressure, and corrosion resistance of SS 316. The thermodynamic modeling was conducted to determine potential high temperature stable molten salt mixtures that have thermal stability up to 1000 C. The thermo-physical properties of select potential high temperature stable (HMP) molten salt mixtures were also experimentally determined. All the salt mixtures align with the go/no-go goals stipulated by the DOE for this project. Energy densities of all salt mixtures were higher than that of the current solar salt. The salt mixtures costs have been estimated and TES system costs for a 2 tank, direct approach have been estimated for each of these materials. All estimated costs are significantly below the baseline system that used solar salt. These lower melt point salts offer significantly higher energy density per volume than solar salt and therefore attractively smaller inventory and equipment costs. Moreover, a new TES system geometry has been recommended A variety of approaches were evaluated to use the low melting point molten salt. Two novel changes are recommended that 1) use the salt as a HTF through the solar trough field, and 2) use the salt to not only create steam but also to preheat the condensed feedwater for Rankine cycle. The two changes enable the powerblock to operate at 500C, rather than the current 400C obtainable using oil as the HTF. Secondly, the use of salt to preheat the feedwater eliminates the need to extract steam from the low pressure turbine for that purpose. Together, these changes result in a dramatic 63% reduction required for 6 hour salt inventory, a 72% reduction in storage volume, and a 24% reduction in steam flow rate in the power block. Round trip efficiency for the Case 5 - 2 tank direct system is estimated at >97%, with only small losses from time under storage and heat exchange, and meeting RFP goals. This attractive efficiency is available because the major heat loss experienced in a 2 tank indirect system - losses by transferring the thermal energy from oil HTF to the salt storage material and back to oil to run the steam generator at night - is not present for the 2 tank direct system. The higher heat capacity values for both LMP and HMP systems enable larger storage capacities for concentrating solar power.

  5. Developing a Cost Model and Methodology to Estimate Capital Costs for Thermal Energy Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.

    2011-12-01

    This report provides an update on the previous cost model for thermal energy storage (TES) systems. The update allows NREL to estimate the costs of such systems that are compatible with the higher operating temperatures associated with advanced power cycles. The goal of the Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technology Program is to develop solar technologies that can make a significant contribution to the United States domestic energy supply. The recent DOE SunShot Initiative sets a very aggressive cost goal to reach a Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) of 6 cents/kWh by 2020 with no incentives or credits for all solar-to-electricity technologies.1 As this goal is reached, the share of utility power generation that is provided by renewable energy sources is expected to increase dramatically. Because Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) is currently the only renewable technology that is capable of integrating cost-effective energy storage, it is positioned to play a key role in providing renewable, dispatchable power to utilities as the share of power generation from renewable sources increases. Because of this role, future CSP plants will likely have as much as 15 hours of Thermal Energy Storage (TES) included in their design and operation. As such, the cost and performance of the TES system is critical to meeting the SunShot goal for solar technologies. The cost of electricity from a CSP plant depends strongly on its overall efficiency, which is a product of two components - the collection and conversion efficiencies. The collection efficiency determines the portion of incident solar energy that is captured as high-temperature thermal energy. The conversion efficiency determines the portion of thermal energy that is converted to electricity. The operating temperature at which the overall efficiency reaches its maximum depends on many factors, including material properties of the CSP plant components. Increasing the operating temperature of the power generation system leads to higher thermal-to-electric conversion efficiency. However, in a CSP system, higher operating temperature also leads to greater thermal losses. These two effects combine to give an optimal system-level operating temperature that may be less than the upper operating temperature limit of system components. The overall efficiency may be improved by developing materials, power cycles, and system-integration strategies that enable operation at elevated temperature while limiting thermal losses. This is particularly true for the TES system and its components. Meeting the SunShot cost target will require cost and performance improvements in all systems and components within a CSP plant. Solar collector field hardware will need to decrease significantly in cost with no loss in performance and possibly with performance improvements. As higher temperatures are considered for the power block, new working fluids, heat-transfer fluids (HTFs), and storage fluids will all need to be identified to meet these new operating conditions. Figure 1 shows thermodynamic conversion efficiency as a function of temperature for the ideal Carnot cycle and 75% Carnot, which is considered to be the practical efficiency attainable by current power cycles. Current conversion efficiencies for the parabolic trough steam cycle, power tower steam cycle, parabolic dish/Stirling, Ericsson, and air-Brayton/steam Rankine combined cycles are shown at their corresponding operating temperatures. Efficiencies for supercritical steam and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) are also shown for their operating temperature ranges.

  6. Evaluation of Composite Alumina Nanoparticle and Nitrate Eutectic Materials for use in Concentrating Solar Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Darren R.

    2010-07-14

    The focus of this research was to create and characterize high temperature alumina and nitrate salt eutectic nanofluids for use in thermal energy storage (TES) systems. The nitrate eutectic was originally used in the TES system demonstrated as part...

  7. Project Profile: Novel Molten Salts Thermal Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Generation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The University of Alabama, under the Thermal Storage FOA, is developing thermal energy storage (TES) media consisting of low melting point (LMP) molten salt with high TES density for sensible heat storage systems.

  8. Robnett, Thomason, Pannell, Kimbrough

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    The focus of this research was to create and characterize high temperature alumina and nitrate salt eutectic nanofluids for use in thermal energy storage (TES) systems. The nitrate eutectic was originally used in the TES ...

  9. Project Profile: Sensible Heat, Direct, Dual-Media Thermal Energy Storage Module

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Acciona Solar, under the Thermal Storage FOA, plans to develop a prototype thermal energy storage (TES) module with high efficiency. This project is looking at a packed or structured bed TES tank with molten salt flowing through it.

  10. Modeling of Thermal Storage Systems in MILP Distributed Energy Resource Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steen, David

    2014-01-01

    stratified TES calculated for different storage sizes and chargeideal stratified tank will have higher losses for low chargestratified TES, the storage losses will be less dependent on the actual charge

  11. THE LBT BOOeTES FIELD SURVEY. I. THE REST-FRAME ULTRAVIOLET AND NEAR-INFRARED LUMINOSITY FUNCTIONS AND CLUSTERING OF BRIGHT LYMAN BREAK GALAXIES AT Z {approx} 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bian Fuyan; Fan Xiaohui; Jiang Linhua; McGreer, Ian; Dave, Romeel [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Dey, Arjun [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Green, Richard F. [Large Binocular Telescope Observatory and Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Maiolino, Roberto [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, 19 J. J. Thomson Ave., Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Walter, Fabian [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Lee, Kyoung-Soo [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47906 (United States)

    2013-09-01

    We present a deep LBT/LBC U{sub spec}-band imaging survey (9 deg{sup 2}) covering the NOAO Booetes field. A total of 14,485 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) at z {approx} 3 are selected, which are used to measure the rest-frame UV luminosity function (LF). The large sample size and survey area reduce the LF uncertainties due to Poisson statistics and cosmic variance by {>=}3 compared to previous studies. At the bright end, the LF shows excess power compared to the best-fit Schechter function, which can be attributed to the contribution of z {approx} 3 quasars. We compute the rest-frame near-infrared LF and stellar mass function (SMF) of z {approx} 3 LBGs based on the R-band and [4.5 {mu}m]-band flux relation. We investigate the evolution of the UV LFs and SMFs between z {approx} 7 and z {approx} 3, which supports a rising star formation history in the LBGs. We study the spatial correlation function of two bright LBG samples and estimate their average host halo mass. We find a tight relation between the host halo mass and the galaxy star formation rate (SFR), which follows the trend predicted by the baryonic accretion rate onto the halo, suggesting that the star formation in LBGs is fueled by baryonic accretion through the cosmic web. By comparing the SFRs with the total baryonic accretion rates, we find that cosmic star formation efficiency is about 5%-20% and it does not evolve significantly with redshift, halo mass, or galaxy luminosity.

  12. Cool Trends in District Energy: A Survey of Thermal Energy Storage Use in District Energy Utility Applications, June 2005

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A Survey of Thermal Energy Storage (TES) Use In District Energy (DE) Utility Applications in June 2005

  13. On the thermodynamic efficiency of a multiferroic thermomagnetic generator: From bulk to atomic scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandoval, Samuel M.

    2014-01-01

    18:1116, 1947. [Tes89] Nikola Tesla. Thermo Magnetic Motor:Electromagnetic Induction Nikola Tesla postulated the first

  14. Project Profile: Reducing the Cost of Thermal Energy Storage for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plants

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Abengoa, under the Thermal Storage FOA, is looking at innovative ways to reduce thermal energy storage (TES) system costs.

  15. Dynamics of transposable elements: towards a community ecology of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feschotte, Cedric

    Transposable elements (TEs) constitute a large proportion of many multicellular eukaryote genomes, from 4]. The mobility and amplification of TEs represent a major source of genomic variation either by virtue]. Whereas TEs can be said to contribute to genetic variation and, therefore, innovation [1

  16. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Using Electricity (million |Electricity Energy Intensity | | | (billion kWh) | square feet | (kWhsquare foot) | | |---+---...

  17. Stochastic Traffic and Connectivity Dynamics for Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks in Signalized Road Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Kin K.

    Engineering, Imperial College London Centre for Transport Studies, Imperial College London {wh.ho, kin

  18. Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

    2007-01-01

    price ($/kWh) Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization Under Various Electricity Tariffs carbon (

  19. An Estimate of Energy Use in Laboratories, Cleanrooms, and Data Centers in New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathew, Paul

    2010-01-01

    cost ($/MCF) NY - Labs - Electricty expenditures (Million $)kWh) NY - Data Centers - Electricty expenditures (Million $)

  20. Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Panoramic Camera (Pancam) Twilight Image Analysis for Determination of Planetary Boundary Layer and Dust Particle Size Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grounds, Stephanie Beth

    2012-02-14

    Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini- TES) thermal infrared spectra (Smith et al., 2006). MER-based Mini-TES spectra have been used in the determination of generalized boundary layer parameters for Martian GCMs. Mini-TES spectra were collected in both... superadiabatic layer found near the surface (Smith et al., 2006). Mini-TES observations were used to observe general timescales, duration times, and overall intensities of multiple local- and regional-scale dust storms, and upward-looking Mini-TES research can...

  1. Cost vs. performance ... Gwyn Griffiths email: gxg@noc.soton.ac.uk http://www.noc.soton.ac.uk/OED/gxg/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffiths, Gwyn

    ) Specific energy (Wh.kg-1 ) Cell cost per kWh () Cost per kWh inc. assembly & disposal. () Mn Alkaline 0@noc.soton.ac.uk http://www.noc.soton.ac.uk/OED/gxg/ Chemistry Cost per cell in quantity () Energy per cell (Wh://www.noc.soton.ac.uk/OED/gxg/ Cost & performance of Li-Po secondary batteries Component Capital cost Amortised cost per kWh Cost per

  2. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01

    in Kuwait has a single flat rate that is 2 fils/kWh (0.6 cents/kWh) for residential and office buildings. This rate has been fixed for the past 35 years (Kuwait, 1983). The rate is low since it is highly subsidized by the Government, while the actual... cost reaches up to 15 fils/kWh (4.8 cents/kWh) depending on the price of oil barrel, the consumer only pays 2 fils/kWh (0.6 cents/kWh). The government subsidizes almost 85% of the electricity price in order to provide higher living standard...

  3. Evaluation Framework and Analyses for Thermal Energy Storage Integrated with Packaged Air Conditioning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kung, F.; Deru, M.; Bonnema, E.

    2013-10-01

    Few third-party guidance documents or tools are available for evaluating thermal energy storage (TES) integrated with packaged air conditioning (AC), as this type of TES is relatively new compared to TES integrated with chillers or hot water systems. To address this gap, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory conducted a project to improve the ability of potential technology adopters to evaluate TES technologies. Major project outcomes included: development of an evaluation framework to describe key metrics, methodologies, and issues to consider when assessing the performance of TES systems integrated with packaged AC; application of multiple concepts from the evaluation framework to analyze performance data from four demonstration sites; and production of a new simulation capability that enables modeling of TES integrated with packaged AC in EnergyPlus. This report includes the evaluation framework and analysis results from the project.

  4. Ecological risk assessment and the Endangered Species Act

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metzger, S.G.; Abood, K.A. [Lawler, Matusky and Skelly Engineers, Pearl River, NY (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The presence of a threatened or endangered species (TES) at a CERCLA site requires that applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) to protect the species and its habitat be included in the remedial investigation/feasibility study process. In such cases there is a propensity to use the species as an endpoint in the ecological assessment of the site. This approach ensures the inclusion of the TES-related ARAR and provides for cost efficiency, but may not result in a thorough assessment of risks associated with remedial alternatives, especially if the TES is a state-listed rather than a federal species. This paper explores the importance of identifying ARARs related to TES, and the values and limitations of using TES as endpoints. In doing so it explores the technical vs emotional basis for TES-based risk assessments.

  5. Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES) andor Turbine Inlet Cooling (TIC), 2004 Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating...

  6. Model Predictive Control of HVAC Systems: Implementation and Testing at the University of California, Merced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haves, Phillip

    2010-01-01

    TOTAL ELECTRICAL AND THERMAL ENERGIES , AND CUMULATIVE COPtotalelectricalandthermalenergies,and cumulativeCOPandparameterestimator Ifthermalenergystorage(TES)is

  7. Networked Loads in the Distribution Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhifang; Li, Xiao; Muthukumar, Vishak; Scaglione, Anna; Peisert, Sean; McParland, Chuck

    2012-01-01

    unknown) @2 Enphase Energy Solar Panel web access TESTower PLC BACnet Solar Panel @ Thompson UC Foundation15 (unknown) @13 Solar Panel @ Miller TES Train BCU CCS/BMS

  8. MAPPING HUMAN BRAIN FUNCTION WITH MRI AT 7 TESLA Xiaoping HU, Essa YACOUB, Josef PFEUFFER, Amir SCHUMEL,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a group of subjects at both 7 Tesla and 4 Telsa[1]. Functional MRI data were collected with multiple TEs

  9. Project Profile: Heat Transfer and Latent Heat Storage in Inorganic Molten Salts for CSP Plants

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Terrafore, under the Thermal Storage FOA, is developing an economically feasible thermal energy storage (TES) system based on phase change materials (PCMs), for CSP plants.

  10. Supervisory Electrical Engineer

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This position is located in Substation Maintenance and High Voltage Engineering (TESM) of Substation Engineering (TES), Engineering and Technical Services (TE), Transmission Services (T),...

  11. Simulating the Value of Concentrating Solar Power with Thermal Energy Storage in a Production Cost Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Hummon, M.

    2012-11-01

    Concentrating solar power (CSP) deployed with thermal energy storage (TES) provides a dispatchable source of renewable energy. The value of CSP with TES, as with other potential generation resources, needs to be established using traditional utility planning tools. Production cost models, which simulate the operation of grid, are often used to estimate the operational value of different generation mixes. CSP with TES has historically had limited analysis in commercial production simulations. This document describes the implementation of CSP with TES in a commercial production cost model. It also describes the simulation of grid operations with CSP in a test system consisting of two balancing areas located primarily in Colorado.

  12. Summary of: Simulating the Value of Concentrating Solar Power with Thermal Energy Storage in a Production Cost Model (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Hummon, M.

    2013-02-01

    Concentrating solar power (CSP) deployed with thermal energy storage (TES) provides a dispatchable source of renewable energy. The value of CSP with TES, as with other potential generation resources, needs to be established using traditional utility planning tools. Production cost models, which simulate the operation of grid, are often used to estimate the operational value of different generation mixes. CSP with TES has historically had limited analysis in commercial production simulations. This document describes the implementation of CSP with TES in a commercial production cost model. It also describes the simulation of grid operations with CSP in a test system consisting of two balancing areas located primarily in Colorado.

  13. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    The categories asked were thermal energy storage (TES) or pump storage; passive solar features; geothermal energy; well water for cooling; waste incineration to produce...

  14. Comparison of Demand Response Performance with an EnergyPlus Model in a Low Energy Campus Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudley, Junqiao Han

    2010-01-01

    2009. Chilled Water Thermal Storage System and Demandwater supplied by thermal energy storage in the centralchilled water thermal energy storage (TES) tank provides

  15. Chilled Water Thermal Storage System and Demand Response at the University of California at Merced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granderson, Jessica

    2010-01-01

    Chilled Water Thermal Storage System and Demand Response atCalifornia. Chilled Water Thermal Storage System and Demandin the presence of thermal energy storage (TES) and the

  16. Project Profile: Innovative Thermal Energy Storage for Baseload...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    lower system costs. Approach Existing thermal energy storage (TES) concepts cost about 27 per kilowatt hour thermal (kWht). The University of South Florida proposes a...

  17. Methods for Analyzing the Economic Value of Concentrating Solar...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (CSP-TES) provides multiple quantifiable benefits compared to CSP without storage or to solar photovoltaic (PV) technology, including higher energy value, ancillary services value,...

  18. Simulation of diurnal thermal energy storage systems: Preliminary results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katipamula, S.; Somasundaram, S.; Williams, H.R.

    1994-12-01

    This report describes the results of a simulation of thermal energy storage (TES) integrated with a simple-cycle gas turbine cogeneration system. Integrating TES with cogeneration can serve the electrical and thermal loads independently while firing all fuel in the gas turbine. The detailed engineering and economic feasibility of diurnal TES systems integrated with cogeneration systems has been described in two previous PNL reports. The objective of this study was to lay the ground work for optimization of the TES system designs using a simulation tool called TRNSYS (TRaNsient SYstem Simulation). TRNSYS is a transient simulation program with a sequential-modular structure developed at the Solar Energy Laboratory, University of Wisconsin-Madison. The two TES systems selected for the base-case simulations were: (1) a one-tank storage model to represent the oil/rock TES system, and (2) a two-tank storage model to represent the molten nitrate salt TES system. Results of the study clearly indicate that an engineering optimization of the TES system using TRNSYS is possible. The one-tank stratified oil/rock storage model described here is a good starting point for parametric studies of a TES system. Further developments to the TRNSYS library of available models (economizer, evaporator, gas turbine, etc.) are recommended so that the phase-change processes is accurately treated.

  19. New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute, New Mexico State University http://wrri.nmsu.edu Sustainable Recovery of Potable Water from Saline Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    . Design values of solar panels and TES volumes have been calculated for different desalination collectors, absorption refrigeration system, vacuum distillation, thermal energy storage tank and process

  20. Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    4.9 Ancillary Service Requirements . . . . . . . Life 5TES WECC WREZ WWSIS VG VOLL Ancillary services Californiaprices for energy and ancillary services. The day-ahead

  1. Lighting and Electrical Team Leadership and Project Delivery

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    MC Realty Group LLC Supervalu, Inc. Wyndham Crescent Real Estate Equities MD Anderson Cancer Center TES Engineering Over 100 organizations have signed up as LEEP Campaign...

  2. INTERMEDIATE ENERGY X-RAY (IEX) BEAMLINE AT THE ADVANCED PHOTON...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    INTERMEDIATE ENERGY X-RAY (IEX) BEAMLINE AT THE ADVANCED PHOTON SOURCE Jessica McChesney, APS beamline scientist, connecting the transition edge sensor (TES) detector to the...

  3. Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by ~120% using nanofluids. This has applications in the energy technologies, suchas: concentrated solar power/ CSP (thermal energy storage/ TES), nuclear, oil and gas exploration (deep drilling

  4. Cold air distribution in office buildings: technology assessment for califonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauman, Fred; Borgers, T.; LaBerge, P.; Gadgil, A.

    1993-01-01

    for sunm~er air conditioning with ice storage. ASHRAEIce storage is one form of thermal energy storage (TES), or off-peak air conditioning,

  5. Cold Air Distribution in Office Buildings: Technology Assessment for California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauman, F.S.

    2008-01-01

    for summer air conditioning with ice storage." ASHRAEIce storage is one form of thennal energy storage (TES), or off-peak air-conditioning,

  6. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01

    to GHG/kWh of the USA electricity supply chain are coalGHG/kWh of electricity example based on USA. Distributionnuclear (USA) are different because of the electricity mix

  7. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01

    100 Table 33. LPG allocation and intensity by buildingIRR ISP ISP Kg Kt kWh kWh/t LPG MBN MDEA MOS MOSPI MRPL Mtto run equipment and lights, LPG used for water heating and

  8. Analysis of Potential Energy Saving and CO2 Emission Reduction of Home Appliances and Commercial Equipments in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    3 (Table 6 and Figure 4), and LPG savings 13 million tonnes.electricity and 28 billion m 3 LPG, with a CO2 reduction ofGas WH* (billion m 3 ) LPG WH (million tonnes) Electric

  9. Analysis of Potential Energy Saving and CO2 Emission Reduction of Home Appliances and Commercial Equipments in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2011-01-01

    natural gas water heater, LPG water heater, electric stove,Natural Gas WH* (billion m ) LPG WH (million metric tons)would reach 25 billion m 3 and LPG savings 13 million tons (

  10. Released: September, 2008

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Electricity Consumption (kWh) by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)" ,"Total ","Space Heat- ing","Cool- ing","Venti-...

  11. Released: September, 2008

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption (kWh) by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)" ,"Total ","Space Heat- ing","Cool- ing","Venti- lation","Water...

  12. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption (kWh) by End Use for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light-...

  13. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    melded rate for this site was 0.056 per kWh for electricity. However, if the national electricity rate of 0.1022kWh was used the payback would change to between four and five...

  14. CX-001004: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    items), and supervision required to perform the work associated with West Hackberry (WH)-MM-589 and WH-MM-730. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-001004.pdf More Documents &...

  15. Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Residential Renewable...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Efficient Solar PV: 1.25kWh x estimated first year output Standard Solar PV: 0.75kWh x estimated first...

  16. Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

    2006-01-01

    and in the latter, its PV of cost savings is per kWh. NoteDG unit, then it obtains the PV of cost savings relative toremaining terms comprise the PV of cost savings per kWh from

  17. Application of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Electricity Winter (Nov. Apr. ) )electricity demandelectricity demand (US$/kWh) (US$/kW) (US$/kWh) (US$/kW) maxFigure 7. Forecasted electricity demand and CO 2 minimizing

  18. The added economic and environmental value of plug-in electric vehicles connected to commercial building microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01

    building has a peak electricity demand of 373 kW, and yearlyWinter (Nov. Apr. ) )Electricity electricity demandelectricity demand (US$/kWh) (US$/kW) (US$/kWh) (US $/kW)

  19. Delmarva- Green Energy Fund

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Prior to July 2007, the Delmarva fund collected $0.000178 per kWh (0.178 mills/kWh) to fund renewable energy and energy efficiency incentive programs. The collections were increased to $0.000356...

  20. South Carolina Municipalities- Green Power Purchasing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Participating residential customers are able to purchase this green power for $3 per 100 kWh block. Commercial participants are able to purchase the power for $6 per 200 kWh block.

  1. Composing questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotek, Hadas

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation motivates a new syntax and semantics for simplex and multiple wh-questions, concentrating on English and German data. The proposed theory combines Cable's (2007; 2010) Q-based syntax for wh-movement and ...

  2. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Marla

    2010-01-01

    energy price in year t (in $/kWh or $/MBtu) C t = The carbonenergy price in year t (in $/kWh or $/MBtu) C t = The carbon

  3. Interactions between Electric-drive Vehicles and the Power Sector in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

    2009-01-01

    rate Variable cost Demand/Generation (MW) Figure 1:rate (CO 2 -eq/kWh) Cost of generation (/kWh) NGST+NGCTrelatively low-cost coal and hydro generation that comprise

  4. Advancing PEVs and the Future of PEV R&D and Deployment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PHEVs and EREVs Future Next Generation Li-ion or Li-metal Chemistry with 3x energy density Battery Cost (kWh) Energy Density (WhL) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2014 2013...

  5. Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

    2009-01-01

    it is best to base the energy storage and power capacity ofin a vehicle. When the energy storage (Wh) and powerboth relatively high energy storage (Wh) and high power (

  6. Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01

    BreakdownofTotal ElectrictyConsumption? BuildingA kWh/BreakdownofTotal ElectrictyConsumption? BuildingB kWh/BreakdownofTotal ElectrictyConsumption? BuildingC

  7. Funding Opportunity: Geothermal Technologies Program Seeks Technologie...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of electricity from new hydrothermal development to 6 kWh by 2020 and Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) to 6 kWh by 2030. For more information, see this funding...

  8. Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density Exceeding 500WhL Development of Large Format Lithium Ion Cells with Higher Energy Density Exceeding 500WhL 2012 DOE...

  9. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    feasibilityofelectricitygenerationwith biogasinCostabiogas/dieseldual?fuelengineforon?farmelectricitygeneration. kWh/day) Electricitygeneration(kWh/day)frombiogas

  10. Compressed Air Energy Savings: SAV-AIR Monitor and Control System and the PNW Compressed Air Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, K. J.; Annen, B.; Scott, S.

    2003-01-01

    capital upgrades. As of the end of 2002 the program has saved 16 million kWh annually and by 2010 the region expects to save 320 million kWh a year....

  11. Comparisons of HVAC Simulations between EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 for Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2009-01-01

    kWh) DOE?2.2 EnergyPlus %Difference Figure7MonthlyCoolingElectricityConsumptionforPhoenixkWh) DOE?2.2 EnergyPlus %Difference Figure8MonthlyCoolingElectricityConsumptionforPhoenix

  12. Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01

    and energy ratings of a flow battery are independent of eachcapacity electrical flow battery thermal n/a n/a source:$/kWh) thermal storage 30 flow battery 220$/kWh and 2125$/kW

  13. Distributed Energy Resource Optimization Using a Software as Service (SaaS) Approach at the University of California, Davis Campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael, Stadler

    2011-01-01

    $/yr) Battery Capacity Installed (kWh) Flow Battery PowerInstalled (kW) Flow Battery Energy Installed (kWh) PV326.7 kW as well as a flow battery with a rated peak power

  14. Modeling of Plug-in Electric Vehicles Interactions with a Sustainable Community Grid in the Azores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendes, Goncalo

    2013-01-01

    electrical stationary storage. An amount of 371kWh of EV batteries energy, corresponding to around 23 employee cars

  15. Subcontract Report NREL/SR-7A2-48318

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wh kilowatt-hour LED light emitting diode MECO Maui Electric Company MWh megawatt-hour NAECA National

  16. Investigation of the Role of Trap States in Solar Cell Reliability using Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bezryadina, Anna Sergeyevna

    2012-01-01

    Photovoltaic solar panels which generate electricity directly currently cost around $0.24 per kWh in Central

  17. Behavioral Aspects in Simulating the Future US Building Energy Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2011-01-01

    site PV Historical PV price and adoption levels PV ? (kWh/$)in ? - technology adoption decision process. PV ? - lighting

  18. Effects of a carbon tax on combined heat and power adoption by a microgrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Siddidqui, Afzal S.; Stadler, Michael

    2002-01-01

    Carbon emissions rate from burning natural gas to meet heating and cooling loads (kg/kWh) Natural gas price

  19. Distributed energy resources customer adoption modeling with combined heat and power applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2003-01-01

    Carbon emissions rate from burning natural gas to meet heating and cooling loads (kg/kWh) Natural gas price

  20. Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery and Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan M.; Zhou, Nan

    2005-01-01

    Carbon emissions rate from burning natural gas to meet heating and cooling loads (kg/kWh) Natural gas price

  1. Effects of a carbon tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael

    2004-01-01

    Carbon emissions rate from burning natural gas to meet heating and cooling loads (kg/kWh) Natural gas price

  2. A Cost Benefit Analysis of a V2G-Capable Electric School Bus Compared to a Traditional Diesel School Bus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Average Electricity Carbon Emission Rate 1.18 lbs/kWh Cdr Diesel Carbon Emission Rate 22.2 lbs/kWh D Miles $0.106/kWh PR Regulation Price for V2G Revenue $28/MWh R Range of Battery 100 miles rd Discount Rate of Replacement Battery $300/kWh CD Seating Capacity of Diesel Bus 32 CE Seating Capacity of Electric Bus 24 Cer

  3. CDF Note 9999 Combined Upper Limit on Standard Model Higgs Boson Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fermilab

    CDF Note 9999 Combined Upper Limit on Standard Model Higgs Boson Production The CDF Collaboration for the Standard Model Higgs boson at CDF. The six major analyses combined are the WH b¯b channels, the WH + ZH E Model decay branching fractions of the Higgs boson and that the ratios of the rates for the WH, ZH, gg

  4. California's Greenhouse Gas Policies: Local Solutions to a Global Problem?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushnell, Jim B; Peterman, Carla Joy; Wolfram, Catherine D

    2007-01-01

    Rate/kWh Fuel type Year Gas Coal (SUB and BIT) 2000-2005type and the following regressions were calculated: Gas Plants Coalcoal (1.969 lbs/kWh as compared to 2.095lbs/kWh) and both fuel types

  5. A U.S. and China Regional Analysis of Distributed Energy Resources in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Wei

    2014-01-01

    0.11 $/kWh, as in San Francisco, Baltimore, Phoenix, and Lasl) Phoenix, AZ Minneapolis, MN Energy Charge Energy ($/kWh)Phoenix and Miami are in this category; all have average electricity prices of 0.05 $/kWh.

  6. Producer-Focused Life Cycle Assessment of Thin-Film Silicon Photovoltaic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Teresa Weirui

    2011-01-01

    Phoenix, US Shanghai, China Mumbai, India Insolation (kWh/mPhoenix, AZ Los Angeles, CA Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Honolulu, HI Insolation (kWh/Phoenix, US Madrid, Spain Munich, Germany Mumbai, India Toulouse, France Shanghai, China Insolation (kWh/

  7. Added Value of Reliability to a Microgrid: Simulations of Three California Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2009-01-01

    kW elec. ) solar thermal (kW) electric storage (kWh) thermalkW elec. ) solar thermal (kW) electric storage (kWh) thermalkW elec. ) solar thermal (kW) electric storage (kWh) thermal

  8. Guidelines to Defra's GHG conversion factors for company reporting Annexes updated June 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .498 Coking Coal tonnes x 2810 x 2810 kWh x 0.349 x 0.332 Aviation Spirit tonnes x 3128 x 3128 kWh x 0.250 x 0.281 x 0.267 Burning Oil1 tonnes x 3150 x 3150 kWh x 0.258 x 0.245 litres x 2.518 x 2.518 Coal 2 tonnes xWh x 0.249 x 0.237 Lubricants tonnes x 3171 x 3171 kWh x 0.263 x 0.250 Petroleum Coke tonnes x 3410 x

  9. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 163172, 2014 www.atmos-meas-tech.net/7/163/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Access Characterization of Aura TES carbonyl sulfide retrievals over ocean L. Kuai1, J. Worden2, S. S. Kulawik2, S. A Tro- pospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) carbonyl sulfide (OCS) retrieval algorithm for oceanic variations observed by these in situ data. 1 Introduction Carbonyl sulfide (OCS) significantly influences

  10. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION doi: 10.1038/nature05508

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noone, David

    , and for this study, the hydrological cycle. TES is an infrared, high resolution, Fourier transform spectrometer-mean. The forward model is evaluated by the atmospheric state vector, x !!M . In this study we define the full state the radiance for the TES sensors. www.nature.com/nature 2 #12;doi: 10.1038/nature05508 SUPPLEMENTARY

  11. Genome Organization and Gene Expression Shape the Transposable Element Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Nadir

    Genome Organization and Gene Expression Shape the Transposable Element Distribution The distribution of transposable elements (TEs) in a genome reflects a balance between insertion rate and selection shaping the organization of genomes. Past research has shown that TEs tend to accumulate in genomic

  12. Appears in 19th Conference on Advanced Research in VLSI, Salt Lake City, UT, March 2001 Activity-Sensitive Flip-Flop and Latch Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asanovi, Krste

    of TEs, but real designs often include many TEs that are not on the critical path. This timing slack can on non-critical timing paths for which verification is usually relatively straightforward. In this workAppears in 19th Conference on Advanced Research in VLSI, Salt Lake City, UT, March 2001 Activity

  13. COGEDE 874 17 Please cite this article in press as: Huff JT, Zilberman D. Regulation of biological accuracy, precision, and memory by plant chromatin organization, Curr Opin Genet Dev (2012), doi:10.1016/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    function remains unknown) and TEs, whereas methyl- ation of CNG sequences by CHROMOMETHYLASE 3 (CMT3) is present in TEs and excluded from genes [25]. CNG DNA methylation is maintained by a self-reinfor- cing,28]. Like- wise, KYP has an SRA domain that binds directly to methylcytosine in DNA, preferring CNG

  14. El sistema de traducci on autom atica castellano$catal an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forcada, Mikel L.

    a documentos en catal#19;an a las personas no catalanohablan- tes de Espa~na o de Am#19;erica Latina. El sis m#19;as importan- tes de Espa~na, utilizan un prototipo del pro- grama desde hace dos a~nos; existe

  15. El sistema de traduccion automatica castellanocatalan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forcada, Mikel L.

    no catalanohablan- tes de Espa~na o de Am´erica Latina. El sis- tema interNOSTRUM todav´ia se esta desa- rrollando y´aneo (CAM), una de las cajas de ahorros m´as importan- tes de Espa~na, utilizan un prototipo del pro- grama

  16. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 45214536, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/4521/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    and Physics Relationships between size-fractionated indoor and outdoor trace elements at four retirement Published: 15 July 2009 Abstract. Indoor and outdoor water soluble trace elements (TEs) were analyzed components (including trace elements; TEs) have also been reported (Burnett et al. 2000; Saldiva et al., 2002

  17. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 81898203, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/8189/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is a major source of carbon monoxide (CO) and formaldehyde (HCHO) (Hu et al., 2011) and leads to production and trace gases, in addition to the TES standard op- erationally retrieved products such as carbon monoxide with the TES standard products, and is important for local, regional, and global tropospheric chemistry studies

  18. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 25, NO. 3, JUNE 2015 2100707 Toward the In Situ Detection of Individual He2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoret, Michel H.

    the In Situ Detection of Individual He2 Excimers Using a Ti TES in Superfluid Helium Faustin W. Carter, Scott--We characterize a single titanium (Ti) transition edge sensor (TES) designed for in situ detection of individual with a shared aluminum (Al) absorber, increasing the He2 collection area to millimeter scales. Index Terms--Helium

  19. On the thermodynamic efficiency of a multiferroic thermomagnetic generator: From bulk to atomic scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandoval, Samuel M.

    2014-01-01

    Tes89] Nikola Tesla. Thermo Magnetic Motor: US 396121 A. ,realizing Teslas vision of a Curie motor [ACF13] [ACF14] [Tesla postulated the first type of thermomagnetic generator with his 1889 patent [Tes89] of a Thermo Magnetic Motor,

  20. Monte Carlo Comparisons to a Cryogenic Dark Matter Search Detector with Low Transition-Edge-Sensor Transition Temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leman, S.W.; McCarthy, K.A.; /MIT, MKI; Brink, P.L.; Cabrera, B.; Cherry, M.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Silva, E.Do Couto E; /SLAC; Figueroa-Feliciano, E.; /MIT, MKI; Kim, P.; /SLAC; Mirabolfathi, N.; /UC, Berkeley; Pyle, M.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Resch, R.; /SLAC; Sadoulet, B.; Serfass, B.; Sundqvist, K.M.; /UC, Berkeley; Tomada, A.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Young, B.A.; /Santa Clara U.

    2012-06-05

    We present results on phonon quasidiffusion and Transition Edge Sensor (TES) studies in a large, 3-inch diameter, 1-inch thick [100] high purity germanium crystal, cooled to 50 mK in the vacuum of a dilution refrigerator, and exposed with 59.5 keV gamma-rays from an Am-241 calibration source. We compare calibration data with results from a Monte Carlo which includes phonon quasidiffusion and the generation of phonons created by charge carriers as they are drifted across the detector by ionization readout channels. The phonon energy is then parsed into TES based phonon readout channels and input into a TES simulator.

  1. Research, development, and demonstration of lead-acid batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Annual report, 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    The initial phase of work comprises three factorial experiments to evaluate a variety of component combinations. Goals to be met by these batteries include the following: capacity at 3 h discharge, 20 to 30 kWh; specific energy, 40 Wh/kg; specific power, 1000 W/kg for 15 s; cycle life, 800 cycles to 80% depth; price, $50/kWh. The status of the factorial experiments is reviewed. The second phase of work, design of an advanced battery, has the following goals: 30 to 40 kWh; 60 Wh/kg; 150 W/kg for 15 s; 1000 cycles to 80% depth; $40/kWh. It is not yet possible to say whether these goals can be met. Numerous approaches are under study to increase the utilization of battery chemicals. A battery design with no live electrical connection above the battery is being developed. 52 figures, 52 tables. (RWR)

  2. J.Ongena Our Energy Future Bochum, 18 November 2012 How to shape our future energy supply ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerwert, Klaus

    5kWh One liter of petrol 10kWh One aluminum can for coke, water,... (15g) 0.6kWh Energy : Some: There are only 3 different methods to produce energy 1. Burning Fossil Fuels : Coal, Oil, Gas ? Enormous in the world (2007) Energy source Power [TW] Contribution [%] Oil 4.6 36.6 Coal 3.12 24.9 Gas 3.02 24.1 Hydro

  3. Building Performance Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01

    Phoenix Memphis EI Paso San Francisco Baltimore Albuquerque Salem Chicago Boise Vancouver Burlington Helena Duluth Fairbanks HVAC source EUI (kWh/Phoenix Memphis EI Paso San Francisco Baltimore Albuquerque Salem Chicago Boise Vancouver Burlington Helena Duluth Fairbanks HVAC source EUI (kWh/Phoenix Memphis EI Paso San Francisco Baltimore Albuquerque Salem Chicago Boise Vancouver Burlington Helena Duluth Fairbanks Total building source EUI (kWh/

  4. Zero-Emission Vehicle Scenario Cost Analysis Using A Fuzzy Set-Based Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Timothy E.

    1999-01-01

    Residential Sector Electricity Prices in CaliforniaResidential electricity prices in the Los Angeles area are currently about $0.10 per kWh, but the California

  5. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    Energy Prices ..by 2010. Table 3-3 Major Energy Prices Adjustment (1985 -0.001 yuan/kWh renewable energy price to retail power price

  6. Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Helium isotope trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

    2008-01-01

    particularly for geothermal energy development. Mantlex 10 kWh of accessible geothermal energy. This is a sizableBasic Energy Sciences and Office of Geothermal Technologies

  7. Emissions of Criteria Pollutants, Toxic Air Pollutants, and Greenhouse Gases, From the Use of Alternative Transportation Modes and Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    1996-01-01

    36.5 SCF of natural gas per square foot (Energy Information2.5 kWh per square foot for lighting (Energy Information

  8. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,,,"Total Floorspace of...

  9. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    5A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  10. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003: Part 1 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  11. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003: Part 3 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  12. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 3 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  13. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  14. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Building Size for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  15. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Building Size for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  16. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 2 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  17. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,,,"Total Floorspace of...

  18. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 1 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  19. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Building Size for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total Floorspace of...

  20. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity, 1999" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total Floorspace of Buildings Using Electricity (million square...

  1. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    5. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  2. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot...

  3. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 1" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total Floorspace...

  4. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  5. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Building Size for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total Floorspace of...

  6. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003: Part 1" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total...

  7. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003: Part 2" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total...

  8. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 3" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total Floorspace...

  9. Building

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    DIV. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities by Census Division, 1999" ,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"per Building (thousand kWh)","per...

  10. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  11. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region, 1999" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,,"Total Floorspace of Buildings Using Electricity...

  12. Released: Dec 2006

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Electricity Consumption",,,,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"per Building (thousand kWh)","per Square...

  13. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,,"Total Floorspace of...

  14. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Table C22. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace...

  15. Building-Level Intensities

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Electricity Consumption",,,,,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"per Building (thousand kWh)","per...

  16. Residential Electricity Demand in China -- Can Efficiency Reverse the Growth?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie

    2010-01-01

    for 90% of household electricity consumption in China. Usinggives an annual electricity consumption of 12kWh assumingto look at is electricity consumption at the household

  17. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,,"Total Floorspace of...

  18. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    8. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003: Part 2 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  19. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total Floorspace of...

  20. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed, 1999" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total Floorspace of Buildings Using...

  1. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 2" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total Floorspace...

  2. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total Floorspace of...

  3. Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003: Part 3" ,"Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh)",,,"Total...

  4. High Precision Load Current Sensing using On-Line Calibration of Trace Resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Seth

    . The voltage drop across a trace resistance at the output * cortr In is wh eletr l to the output is amplified

  5. Next generation solutions for the energy services industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Satish; Kromer, Steve

    2006-01-01

    Figure 4 shows electricity rates and emissions factors (theoffer the cheapest electricity rates vs. lowest emissionscents/kWh) Figure 4. Electricity Rates and Emission Factors

  6. Atmosphere to Electrons Program Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    opportunity remains .... * Achieve parity with natural gas @5-6 kWh * Establish offshore wind deployment * Provide foundational R&D to facilitate wind as a principal...

  7. Determining the Lowest-Cost Hydrogen Delivery Mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M

    2008-01-01

    $0.05 to $0.075/kWh, diesel fuel price increases from $2 toin energy prices (electricity and diesel fuel), and storage

  8. Determining the lowest-cost hydrogen delivery mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M

    2007-01-01

    to $0.075/kWh, the diesel fuel price increases from $2 to $in energy prices (electricity and diesel fuel), and storage

  9. ReRack: Power Simulation for Data Centers with Renewable Energy Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renau, Jose

    -voltaic capacity, 250kW of wind turbine capacity, 400kWh of vanadium redox flow battery storage, and local grid

  10. Self-benchmarking Guide for Laboratory Buildings: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathew, Paul

    2010-01-01

    source energy for each energy stream. Units: kBTU/ft 2 [kWh/Labs21 benchmarking tool. Energy Stream Electricity Natural

  11. Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Helium isotope trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

    2008-01-01

    of similar systems and represent geothermal targets withthe Dixie Valley geothermal system (24) translates into akWh annually. In order for geothermal systems to develop and

  12. Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lasseter, Robert

    2010-01-01

    electric storage thermal storage decoupling by Figure ES 1.by decoupling by thermal storage representative exampleor $/kWh) lifetime (a) thermal storage 1 absorption chiller

  13. Recent technology improvements in Exxon's circulating zinc-bromine battery system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellows, R.J.

    1981-01-01

    Recent electrode and electrolyte performance on 500 wH and 3 kWh units indicates that Exxon's circulating zinc-bromine battery in 20 kWh designs will be capable of high energy density (65 to 70 wH/kg), and turn-around efficiency (65 to 70%). This performance, coupled with recent factory cost projections of $28/kWh (exclusive of R.O.I. and various indirect overheads), makes zinc/bromine an attractive advanced battery candidate for not only photovoltaic, but also electric vehicle and bulk energy storage applications. Recent technical developments in this program may be generally useful in other circulating electrolyte systems.

  14. Analysis of electric vehicle interconnection with commercial building microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2011-01-01

    residences (homes) for EV charging: $0.138/kWh EnvironmentalStorage conclusions EV Charging / discharging pattern mainlythe healthcare facility EV battery charging efficiency EV

  15. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    battery storage.grid, the cost of battery storage per unit of load servedalong with 22 kWh of battery storage. This study claims only

  16. Sedimentary organic biomarkers suggest detrimental effects of PAHs on estuarine microbial biomass during the 20th century in San Francisco Bay, CA, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nilsen, Elena B; Rosenbauer, Robert J; Fuller, Christopher C; Jaffe, Bruce J

    2015-01-01

    Costa Mesa, California. Beggs, W.H. , 1992. Influence of5 NWQL NWQL Drug Bank 3 Beggs (1992) Drug Bank Da Silva et

  17. Adoption of Renewable Energy Technologies Under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torani, Kiran

    2014-01-01

    Analysis of Residential Solar PV Incentive Programs. 2006. Letting the Sun Shine on Solar Costs: An Empirical$/kWh) of commercial scale PV Solar electricity generation.

  18. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01

    the shares of AIS electricity generation by fuel. AIS powerhistorical electricity generation by primary fuel. ThermalNon-Fossil Fuel Electricity Generation (kgce/kWh) ..

  19. Case report: A case of pyoderma gangrenosum with intractable leg ulcers treated by allogeneic cultured dermal substitutes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    15. Brunsting LA, Goecker WH, O'Leary PA. Pyoderma(ecthyma)Brunsting, Goeckerman, and O'Leary in 1930 [ 15 ]. PG is an

  20. Identification of a novel cyanobacterial group as active diazotrophs in a coastal microbial mat using NanoSIMS analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woebken, D.

    2013-01-01

    sp. WH 8902 ( AY620240) Gloeocapsa sp. KO38CU6 (AB264105) tosp. ATCC 51142, AF132771 Gloeocapsa sp. KO30D1, AB067579

  1. Characterization and Manipulation of Lipid Catabolism in Eukaryotic Microalgae /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trentacoste, Emily Margaret

    2014-01-01

    Novel Chemicals from Microalgae. In Handbook of Microalgalin evolutionarily diverse microalgae as related to biofuelsGerwick. W.H. Engineering microalgae for production systems:

  2. Separating myths from reality in PV inverter reliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    . This is based upon a LCOE of 5 cents per kWh, so reliability is critical MTBF of string inverters in 2006: 5

  3. Technical Report NREL/TP-7A2-48267

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -conditioning KIUC Kauai Island Utility Cooperative kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE levelized cost of energy M&V measurement

  4. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and amortization ERCOT Electric Reliability Council of Texas kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE levelized cost

  5. Greenhouse Gas Return on Investment: A New Metric for Energy Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

    2008-01-01

    Concentrator design to minimize LCOE, Proceedings of SPIE,the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) in cents/kWh [ 16 ].

  6. About | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    risks and costs of development and exploration Lower levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) to 6 centskWh by 2020 Accelerate development of 30 GWe of undiscovered hydrothermal...

  7. The effect of consensus mutation on the folding and binding kinetics of I(kappa)B(alpha)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeVries, Ingrid L.

    2011-01-01

    in the transition state of protein folding: alternativeet al. (2008). "Protein folding and stability usingto enzyme catalysis and protein folding. New York, W.H.

  8. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andof Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,and Policy of Uniti Energy Consumption (kWh/yr) Ordinary

  9. Developing Information on Energy Savings and Associated Costs and Benefits of Energy Efficient Emerging Technologies Applicable in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Tengfang

    2011-01-01

    6. Solar Power Dish Engine for Wastewater Plant Electricitytreatment plant 4 MGD with 1 MW Solar power generation kWh

  10. Renewable Energy Update

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Wind): * Innovation Concepts and Emerging Technologies detail designs to reduce the cost of wind to compete unsubsidized with fossil-based alternatives (projected as .06kWh)....

  11. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    annually to treat food processing waste (3, 4). Moreover,waste alone contains 34 billion kWh of energy (3), while food

  12. Condensing vs. Non-Condensing

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    new construction * More expensive * More maintenance * Newer designs not as well proven * More parts to break * Condensate disposal * Retrofits are complex * Orphaned WH THANK YOU...

  13. Math 13800 Assignment Sheet Spring 2014 Math 13800 web page ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roames, Renee S

    2014-01-08

    Math 13800. Assignment Sheet. Spring 2014. Text: Reconceptualizing Mathematics , 2nd Edition by Sowder, Sowder, & Nickerson. W.H. Freeman, 2014

  14. Automated Demand Response Technologies and Demonstration in New York City using OpenADR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Joyce Jihyun

    2014-01-01

    C. McParland, "Open Automated Demand Response Communications2011. Utility & Demand Response Programs Energy ProviderAnnual Consumption (kWh) Demand Response Program Curtailment

  15. Advanced Coal Wind Hybrid: Economic Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2008-01-01

    Price ($/MMBtu) Heat Rate(Btu/kWh) Capacity Factor (%) Power generation unit Gasifiers and other system Life(Years) EOR revenues Carbon

  16. Savings potential of ENERGY STAR (registered trademark) voluntary labeling programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.

    1998-01-01

    prices are 10% lower than expected (2) The carbon emissions factor for electricity is 0.15 kg/kWh (3) The carbon

  17. UNIVERSITY of WASHINGTON College of Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    design competition. Zap Flow Z-Pinch Plasma Experiment..............................AERB 036 (6) Zap problems with this technology. Bioengineering Student Projects Wh

  18. Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A.

    2012-01-01

    Washing Machines Fluorescent Ballasts Electric Water HeatersRoom AC Washing Machines $/kWh Electric Water HeatersWashing Machine) Cooking Products (Electric Induction

  19. The Boom of Electricity Demand in the Residential Sector in the Developing World and the Potential for Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie

    2010-01-01

    SAS-PAS Electric Water Heating UEC (kWh) 13 Reference (Jannuzzi G. 2005) (SAS+PAS Other Average Efficiency Base Case Reference Voice Mag. (oct 2005) (

  20. Development of Energy Models for Production Systems and Processes to Inform Environmentally Benign Decision-Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz-Elsayed, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    price of electricity charged to industrial customers per kWh was the greatest in Japan ($0.154), followed by Germany (

  1. Conservation Screening Curves to Compare Efficiency Investments to Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koomey, J.G.

    2008-01-01

    demand savings, each kWh saved with this efficiency measuresavings with peak demand. Previous analysis indicates that the ClF of efficiency measures

  2. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6. Electricity Expenditures by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Expenditures (million dollars) Electricity Expenditures (dollars) per kWh per Square...

  3. Table C12. Electricity Expenditures by Census Region, 1999

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Electricity Expenditures by Census Region, 1999" ,"Total Electricity Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Electricity Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per kWh",,,,"per Square Foot"...

  4. Plug-In Electric Vehicles' Charging Dr. Alireza Khaligh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Ning

    type Price Battery On-Board Charger E-Range Connector type Level 2 Nissan leaf EV $21,300 24kWh LiWh Li-ion 3.3 kW OBC 68 mi SAE J1772 6 hrs Tesla Model S 60kWh EV $71,000 60 kWh Li-ion 10 kW OBC 208 mi battery voltage 320 V ~ 420 V Maximum output power 1 kW Output voltage ripple

  5. Greenhouse Gas Return on Investment: A New Metric for Energy Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

    2008-01-01

    the primary goal of alternative energy; and GHG/kWh onlyGas INTRODUCTION Alternative energy technologies such asmotivations of alternative energy technologies: mitigating

  6. Peak CO2? China's Emissions Trajectories to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01

    kWh) in 2050 Installed capacity of wind, solar, and biomassTWh in 2050 Installed capacity of wind, solar, and biomass

  7. Restoring Detroits Street Lighting System

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    once completed in 2016. Table ES.1. Annual savings a from Detroit street lighting transition Annual Energy Savings (kWh) Annual Electric Cost Savings () Annual...

  8. Golden Valley Electric Association - Sustainable Natural Alternative...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Gas Tidal Wave Wind (Small) Hydroelectric (Small) Maximum Rebate 1.50kWh Program Info Sector Name Utility Administrator Golden Valley Electric Association Website http:...

  9. Energy Impact of Residential Ventilation Norms in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, Max H.; Walker, Iain S.

    2007-01-01

    house in a Marine climate. Annual Energy Consumptionmarine climate has very little air conditioning - compressor energyEnergy Consumption Relative to Unvented House, kWh Marine -

  10. A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2003-01-01

    diffusion, centrifuge, AVLIS) EEU C = the energy efficiencymWh/SWU; centrifuge and AVLIS (a predecessor of SILEX), 0.10

  11. Metrics for Sustainable Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Vijayaraghavan, Athulan; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01

    Germany United States Australia Production Own Use Distribution GHG Emissions Intensity (kg CO2eq/kWh) Electricity to Energy

  12. Microgrids: An emerging paradigm for meeting building electricity and heat requirements efficiently and with appropriate energy quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan

    2007-01-01

    gas-fired genset, solar thermal collectors, an absorptionchiller, 722 kW of solar thermal collectors, 1100 kWh of

  13. Optimal Technology Selection and Operation of Microgrids in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris; Venkataramanan, Giri; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; Firestone, Ryan; Chandran, Bala

    2008-01-01

    chiller (kW) solar thermal collector (kW) electricalchiller, 722 kW of solar thermal collectors, 1100 kWh of

  14. How Much Can a Campus Save on Utility Bills by Turning a 5-Workday Week Into a 4Workday Week

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, J.; Giebler, T.; Wei, G.; Turner, W. D.

    2003-01-01

    average electricity price during this period is $0.0457/kWh from Monday to Friday, and $0.0359/kWh for Saturday and Sunday, based on the current electricity utility contract between the university and the utility company. TAMUCC Whole Campus...) consumption (daily) profiles for weekdays, weekends and holidays. Daily WCE difference between a typical weekday and a typical weekend is around 20,000 kWh; Daily WCE difference between a typical weekend and a typical holiday is around 10,000 kWh; Daily...

  15. Microgrids: An emerging paradigm for meeting building electricity and heat requirements efficiently and with appropriate energy quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan

    2007-01-01

    electric load thermal storage solar thermal storage chargingcombustion solar thermal CHP heat storage charging generateof solar thermal collectors, 1100 kWh of electrical storage,

  16. SunShot Incubator Program | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    funding rounds. Awardees CURRENT PROJECTS PAST PROJECTS Soft Costs Aurora Solar, Inc. Clean Energy Collective Demeter Power Group EnergySage Faraday Genability kWh Analytics...

  17. Use of bioinformatics to investigate and analyze transposable element insertions in the genomes of caenorhabditis elegans and drosophila melanogaster, and into the target plasmid pGDV1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julian, Andrea Marian

    2005-02-17

    target sequences of between 2 ? 8 bp in length, which are duplicated upon insertion. Furthermore, amongst insertion sites, certain sites are preferred for insertion and hence are classified as hot spots, while others not targeted by TEs are referred...

  18. Thermal Energy Storage Using Phase Change Materials in Corrugated Copper Panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aigbotsua, Clifford Okhumeode

    2012-07-16

    in the past include use of finned tubes, insertion of metal matrix into PCM, and microencapsulation of PCM. The performance of TES configurations in forced convection have been characterized using Reynolds numbers (Re), and Stefan numbers (Ste) of the heat...

  19. How patients understand physicians solicitations of additional concerns: implications for up-front agenda setting in primary care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, JD; Heritage, J

    2015-01-01

    PAT: DOC: PAT: DOC: Okay. .hhh uhm are there any- (. ) otherfer another [blood tes:[t] [.hhh [(U]kay), last time you sawDOC: DOC: PAT: PAT: DOC: .hhh Are there some other issues

  20. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 37373749, 2014 www.atmos-meas-tech.net/7/3737/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) concentrations from the Aura Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES). We de- scribe; Fischer et al., 2010; Singh, 1987). The dissociative lifetime of PAN is strongly depen- dent on air mass

  1. Molten Salt Nanomaterials for Thermal Energy Storage and Concentrated Solar Power Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Donghyun

    2012-10-19

    The thermal efficiency of concentrated solar power (CSP) system depends on the maximum operating temperature of the system which is determined by the operating temperature of the TES device. Organic materials (such as ...

  2. Overview of Capabilities Conversion System Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    exchanger design Prototype Testing Facilities - Water & Wind Tunnels Manufacturing & Materials - Materials cycles Heat exchanger design and optimization TES Material Integration & Optimization: Solar power plant design for power tower or field collector systems Phase change materials for Stirling engine integration

  3. Institute for Climate & Atmospheric Science Department of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    platforms to study numerous trace gases including carbon dioxide. We operate a suite of remote sensing is elucidating the carbon cycle through the satellite data (e.g., AIRS, TES, GOSAT, and OCO2

  4. Vertical transport of surface fire emissions observed Siegfried Gonzi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Paul

    ., 2007]. [5] We use carbon monoxide (CO), a general product of incomplete combustion, as a tracer combustion, at thermal infrared and microwave wavelengths from Aura Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES

  5. Development of a gamma-ray detector with iridium transition edge sensor coupled to a Pb absorber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leman, Steven W.

    We have recently started to develop a high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometer for material defect analysis. Our gamma-ray detector is a microcalorimeter consisting of an iridium/gold bilayer transition edge sensor (TES) ...

  6. 1 Copyright 2000 byASME Submitted to the 2000 ASME IMECE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirtz, Richard A.

    fraction, the volumetric latent heat decreases; thus, the storage time is reduced. NOMENCLATURE A Area h the need for cooling loops, pumps, and other fluid handling systems. Thus, the TES unit operates passively

  7. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 14811490, 2011 www.atmos-meas-tech.net/4/1481/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) is a Fourier Transform Spectrometer on board the NASA Aura platform useful for identifying and quanti- fying trace atmospheric gases, among which are ozone, car- bon

  8. Development of Superconducting High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometers for Nuclear Safeguards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dreyer, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    Production of plutonium in PWR fuel as function ofNDA NEP PNCC PR PSD PTR PWR SQUID TES TIMS UHV wt% Adiabaticcomposition of plutonium in a PWR as a function of burn up

  9. Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    based on solar trough or parabolic dish technology) to PV astechnologies: wind, single-axis tracking photovoltaics (PV), 1 concentrating solarTechnology High Penetration of VG Single-Axis PV CSP w/ 6hr TES Wind Solar

  10. United States v. City of Philadelphia: A Continued Quest for an Effective Remedy for Police Misconduct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franklin, Stephanie L.

    1981-01-01

    United States v. City of Philadelphia, 482 F. Supp. 1248,United States v. City of Philadelphia, 482 F. Supp. 1248,STA TES v. CITY OF PHILADELPHIA: A CONTINUED QUEST FOR AN

  11. GEOLOGY, August 2009 723 The surface geology of the site of the Chicxulub impact crater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    -uniform strontium signatures of 0.70905 inside the ring of ceno- tes (water-filled sinkholes), which represents structure is a ring of sinkhole lakes (locally known as cenotes, after the Maya d'zonot), which form

  12. R. A. Wirtz e-mail: rawirtz@unr.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirtz, Richard A.

    are investigated. Inte- gration of a design optimization algorithm into a thermal performance model of the TES-hybrid heat sink results in determination of a best design subject to geometric and heat loading constraints

  13. Thermal Energy Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rutberg, Michael; Hastbacka, Mildred; Cooperman, Alissa; Bouza, Antonio

    2013-06-05

    The article discusses thermal energy storage technologies. This article addresses benefits of TES at both the building site and the electricity generation source. The energy savings and market potential of thermal energy store are reviewed as well.

  14. The Role of Thermal Energy Storage in Industrial Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duscha, R. A.; Masica, W. J.

    1979-01-01

    Thermal Energy Storage for Industrial Applications is a major thrust of the Department of Energy's Thermal Energy Storage Program. Utilizing Thermal Energy Storage (TES) with process or reject heat recovery systems has been shown to be extremely...

  15. Project Profile: Heat Transfer and Latent Heat Storage in Inorganic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    energy storage capacity of a thermocline. The PCM-based TES uses the latent heat of fusion of inorganic salt mixtures for storing thermal energy. The concepts being applied by...

  16. Project Profile: Novel Thermal Energy Storage Systems for Concentrating Solar Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The University of Connecticut, under the Thermal Storage FOA, is developing innovative heat transfer devices and methodologies for novel thermal energy storage (TES) systems for CSP involving phase change materials (PCMs).

  17. Project Profile: Indirect, Dual-Media, Phase Changing Material Modular Thermal Energy Storage System

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Acciona Solar, under the Thermal Storage FOA, plans to design and validate a prototype and demonstrate a full-size (800 MWth) thermal energy storage (TES) system based on phase change materials (PCMs).

  18. Genomic Landscape of Human, Bat, and Ex Vivo DNA Transposon Integrations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feschotte, Cedric

    . We used regression techniques (linear, negative binomial, and logistic regression models regres- sion, negative binomial regression, logistic regression. Introduction Transposable elements (TEs as retrotransposons (Class I), which move by means of reverse-transcribed RNA intermediates, and DNA transpo- sons

  19. Centrifuge modelling of artificial sand islands in earthquakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, F.H.; Schofield, A.N.

    1984-01-01

    el d, A.N. ( 1983 ) . Two Centrifuge Hode : Tes t s: o:-: S~Partial Liquefaction in a Centrifuge Model Embankment in anand Earthquake Geotechnical Centrifuge Modelling, Proc. Int,

  20. THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2011-01-01

    miles away from the cogeneration plant. Cost savings of 20central coal-fired cogeneration plant will employ both TESare that the central cogeneration plant with TES can deliver

  1. DOE_EE0003592_HEL-SR-PR-0027 Rev 1 20130227 Final Report_Public Release

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eduardo Villarroel, Carlos Fernandez-Pello, Jeff Lenartz, Karen Parysek

    2013-02-27

    To develop a high temperature Thermal Storage System (TES) based on graphite and able to provide both economical and technical advantages with respect to existing solutions contributing to increase the share of Concentrated Solar Plants (CSP).

  2. A spin-filter made of quantum anomalous Hall insulator nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Jiansheng

    2014-07-28

    Topological end states (TES) in quantum anomalous Hall insulator nanowires can induce tunneling within the gap. Such TES are spin polarized, thus the induced current is spin polarized as well, which can be used to construct a spin-filter applied in spintronics. An interferometry device is designed to control the polarized current as well. The advantage and finite size effect on this system are discussed.

  3. Transcranial electrical stimulation: An introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarazona, Carlos G; Chvez, Laura; Andrade, Sebastin

    2015-01-01

    The main objective of the electrical stimulation of the brain is to generate action potentials from the application of electromagnetic fields. Among the available techniques, transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) represents a popular method of administration that has the advantage of being non-invasive and economically more affordable. This article aims to briefly introduce the reader into the understanding of TES in terms of the physics involved as well as for some of the relevant results of studies applying this technique.

  4. POC-SCALE TESTING OF A DRY TRIBOELECTROSTATIC SEPARATOR FOR FINE COAL CLEANING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R.-H. Yoon; G.H. Luttrell; G.T. Adel; A.D. Walters

    1999-04-01

    The project has reached the point where the Proof of Concept (POC) electrostatic separator is in the design stage. During the quarter, the design concepts of the TES unit have been finalized with Carpco. During the past quarter, most of the personnel assigned to this project have been performing work elements associated with process/engineering design (Task 3) of the process including the TES unit, the Turbo charger and the product conveying system.

  5. Optimal Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Economic and Climate Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeForest, Nicolas; Mendes, Goncalo; Stadler, Michael; Feng, Wei; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris

    2014-04-15

    This paper presents an investigation of the economic benefit of thermal energy storage (TES) for cooling, across a range of economic and climate conditions. Chilled water TES systems are simulated for a large office building in four distinct locations, Miami in the U.S.; Lisbon, Portugal; Shanghai, China; and Mumbai, India. Optimal system size and operating schedules are determined using the optimization model DER-CAM, such that total cost, including electricity and amortized capital costs are minimized. The economic impacts of each optimized TES system is then compared to systems sized using a simple heuristic method, which bases system size as fraction (50percent and 100percent) of total on-peak summer cooling loads. Results indicate that TES systems of all sizes can be effective in reducing annual electricity costs (5percent-15percent) and peak electricity consumption (13percent-33percent). The investigation also indentifies a number of criteria which drive TES investment, including low capital costs, electricity tariffs with high power demand charges and prolonged cooling seasons. In locations where these drivers clearly exist, the heuristically sized systems capture much of the value of optimally sized systems; between 60percent and 100percent in terms of net present value. However, in instances where these drivers are less pronounced, the heuristic tends to oversize systems, and optimization becomes crucial to ensure economically beneficial deployment of TES, increasing the net present value of heuristically sized systems by as much as 10 times in some instances.

  6. Improving Crop Yield and Water Productivity by Ecological Sanitation and Water Harvesting in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Improving Crop Yield and Water Productivity by Ecological Sanitation and Water Harvesting in South and fertility constraints in rain- fed smallholder agriculture in South Africa, namely in situ water harvesting, is to use water harvesting and conservation technologies (WH).9 The principal hydrological functions of WH

  7. Expressive Power-Based Resource Allocation for Data Centers Benjamin Lubin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    Expressive Power-Based Resource Allocation for Data Centers Benjamin Lubin Harvard University David C. Parkes Harvard University Abstract As data-center energy consumption continues to rise billion kWh; that is, 1.5% of the 4 trillion kWh consumed in total. This is the amount of energy used by 5

  8. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Haiti; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Haiti, an independent nation that occupies the western portion of the island of Hispaniola in the northern Caribbean Sea. Haitis utility rates are roughly $0.35 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), above the Caribbean regional average of $0.33 USD/kWh.

  9. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Palau; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Palau, an independent island nation geographically located in the Micronesia region. Palaus residential electricity rates are approximately $0.28 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), more than twice the average U.S. residential rate of $0.13 USD/kWh.

  10. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - American Samoa; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of American Samoa, the southernmost territory of the United States. American Samoas residential electricity rates are approximately $0.29 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), more than twice the average U.S. residential rate of $0.13 USD/kWh.

  11. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Trinidad and Tobago; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-20

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Trinidad and Tobago, a two-island nation located off the coast of Venezuela. Trinidad and Tobagos electricity rates are some of the lowest in the Caribbean at approximately $0.04 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), well below the regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  12. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Barbados; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Barbados, an independent nation in the Lesser Antilles island chain in the eastern Caribbean. Barbados electricity rates are approximately $0.28 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  13. Research and Industry Workshop Mathematics Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorban, Alexander N.

    Helical Turbine appears to be best suited to marine applications for electricity generation. A recent end 21p/kWh Onshore wind - between 8 and 11p/kWh Combined cycle gas turbine - between 6 and 11p flow turbines and their efficiency A commercial future? Geoffrey Hunt CEng MIMechE MIET #12;2 Free flow

  14. China's March on the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    ,523/3,299 5,250/10,581 25,028/43,676 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Oil Natural Gas Electricity Nuclear Electricity Coal CO/day (oil); trillion cu feet (natural gas); billion kWh (electricity); billion kWh (nuclear electricity COORDINATOR NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL POLICY CENTER FOR AMERICAN PROGRESS China's remarkable

  15. Energy in the Developing World Physics of Sustainable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    wellbeing (prosperity) 2. Life expectancy, public heath, health care 3. Literacy and education UN publishes Development Index (HDI) vs. Electricity ConsumpPon (kWh) Human Development Index (HDI) vs. Electricity ConsumpPon (kWh) Human Development Index (HDI) vs. Electricity

  16. Project Profile: Maintenance-Free Stirling Engine for High-Performance Dish CSP

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Infinia, under the CSP R&D FOA, is developing a 30 kW CSP system that utilizes a multi-cylinder, free-piston Stirling engine to achieve the goal LCOE of $0.07$0.10/kWh by 2015 and $0.05$0.07/kWh by 2020.

  17. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Danika Wheeler, Fuhar Dixit, Jon Taylor, Long Cheng, Rahul Sharma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Nuclear Power Solar Thermal Power #12;Micro Renewable Energy Systems Energy Generated: Wh Individual or Community Owned Reduce dependence on Commercial Energy Sources Micro Wind Turbine Hybrid Wind-Solar Device #12;Power Generating Gym Equipment Kinetic Energy: Dissipated as Heat 30 minute workout: 50 Wh

  18. What does a negawatt really cost?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    1991-01-01

    We use data from ten utility conservation programs to calculate the cost per kWh of electricity saved -- the cost of a "negawatthour" -- resulting from these programs. We first compute the life-cycle cost per kWh saved ...

  19. Sustainable Energy --without the hot air David J.C. MacKay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKay, David J.C.

    units. Energies are expressed as quan CONSUMPTION PRODUCTION Wind: 20 kWh/d Wave: 4 kWh/d Solar heating units that appear on household energy bills; and powers are expressed in kilowatthours per day (k1 Sustainable Energy -- without the hot air David J.C. MacKay Synopsis We have an addiction

  20. Brookings-Google Plug-in Hybrid Summit, Washington, DC, July 2008 Version date: September 7, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Wh, or U.S. gasoline prices must remain at roughly $5/gallon - or policy innovations and incentives need, to decrease the GHG intensity of electricity, and to raise gasoline prices relative to electricity prices can under current market conditions, battery prices must decline from about $1,300/kWh to below $500/k

  1. International DSM and DSM program evaluation: An INDEEP assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vine, E.

    1995-04-01

    This paper discusses the current level of demand-side management (DSM) occurring in selected European countries and reviews the availability of information on DSM programs and program evaluation. Next, thirteen European DSM programs are compared by examining such factors as: motivations for program implementation, marketing methods, participation rates, total energy savings, and program costs. The transfer of DSM program results and experiences found in these case studies is also discussed, as well as the lessons learned during the design, implementation, and evaluation of these programs. This paper represents a preliminary assessment of the state of DSM and DSM program evaluation in Europe. The findings from this work also represent the first steps in a joint international effort to compile and analyze the measured results of energy efficiency programs in a consistent and comprehensive fashion. The authors find that these programs represent cost-effective resources: the cost of energy saved by the programs ranged from a low of 0.0005 ECUs/kWh (0.01 {cents}/kWh) to a high of 0.077 ECUs/kWh (9.7 {cents}/kWh), with an average cost of 0.027 ECUs/kWh (3.3 {cents}/kWh). Weighted by energy savings, the average cost of energy saved by the programs was 0.014 ECUs/kWh (1.8 {cents}/kWh).

  2. Search for the standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a W or a Z boson and decaying to bottom quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apyan, Aram

    A search for the standard model Higgs boson (H) decaying to b[ over b] when produced in association with a weak vector boson (V) is reported for the following channels: W(??)H, W(e?)H, W(??)H, Z(??)H, Z(ee)H, and Z(??)H. ...

  3. Low-Carbon Energy Robert Socolow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commerical Industrial Transportation MillionMetricTonsofCarbonDioxide Through Electricity Natural Gas) Drive 10,000 miles/yr, 30 miles per gallon b) Fly 10,000 miles/yr c) Heat home Natural gas, average house, average climate d) Lights 300 kWh/month when all coal-power (600 kWh/month, natural-gas

  4. secondary purpose was to alert people to the relative size of the different resources avail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the price (12 /kWh) California utilities are willing to pay for any daytime electricity and the rest. Driven by rising carbon dioxide and oil prices, these are big changes in the handful of years since like those being made by First Solar, 16 /kWh PV (Figure 1) and CSP right now in the US Southwestern

  5. THE ECONOMICS OF CO2 SEPARATION AND CAPTURE Howard J. Herzog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for CO2 sequestration could be less than 1 /kWh from advanced coal plants and less than 1.5 /kWh from Laboratory Cambridge, MA 02139 USA #12;3 Abstract Carbon management and sequestration offers an opportunity and increasing the use of non-fossil energy resources. When most people think of sequestering carbon, they think

  6. 1 Copyright 2010 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    fall below $460/kWh (below $300/kWh for a 10% discount rate) for PHEVs to be cost competitive with ordinary hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Carbon allowance prices have marginal impact on optimal design the greatest reduction in lifecycle GHG emissions. At today's average US energy prices, battery pack cost must

  7. www.advmat.de www.MaterialsViews.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    and small, in the USA alone, accounts for nearly 750 billion kWh or, at an average price of $0.06 per kWh of millions of dollars and a reduction in CO2 emissions of nearly 2.2 million metric tons of carbon equivalent

  8. 2008 Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2457 x 2457 kWh x 0.347 x 0.330 Domestic Coal 3 tonnes x 2523 x 2523 kWh x 0.313 x 0.298 Wood Pellets 4 stations or for industrial purposes have different emission factors. Wood pellets are used in domestic

  9. RESQ: Rank-Energy Selective Query Forwarding for Distributed Search Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decisions. Using a large-scale query log and publicly-available energy price time series, we demonstrate ranking query results and savings in temporally- and spatially-varying energy prices. Categories Deviation = $52.78/mWh Average = $111.87/mWh Figure 1: Energy price temporal and spatial varia- tion: (top

  10. Fact #822: May 26, 2014 Battery Capacity Varies Widely for Plug-In Vehicles

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Battery-electric vehicles have capacities ranging from 12 kilowatt-hours (kWh) in the Scion iQ EV to 85 kWh in the Tesla Model S. Plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles typically have smaller battery...

  11. Evaluating state markets for residential wind systems: Results from an economic and policy analysis tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Jennifer L.; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Forsyth, Trudy

    2004-01-01

    Cost of Energy ($/kWh) State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas CaliforniaCost of Energy ($/kWh) State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas Californiaenergy crisis, California increased the rebate level to $4.50/Watt with a maximum cap of 50 percent system cost.

  12. FLRULA DEL RIO CAAMARES (JAN) Joaqun FERNNDEZ-LIENCRES y Carlos FERNNDEZ-LPEZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Carlos M.

    L. SSP MONSPESSULANUM (JAEN 935581) CHILLUEVAR CHORRO PALOMARES CALIZAS, 1200 M (WH0206) 1993.XI.03 ACER OPALUS MILLER SSP GRANATEN- SE (BOISS.) FONT QUER (JAEN 935553) CHILLUEVAR CHORRO PALOMARES CALIZAS, 1200 M (WH0409) 1993.X.20 ACER OPALUS MILLER SSP OPALUS (JAEN 935584) CHILLUEVAR CHORRO PALOMARES

  13. Optimization of Lithium Iron Phosphate Battery Charging and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misic, Aleksandar

    The goal of this project is to efficiently and safely charge a 5kWh battery pack in 15 minutes. Since the project is still in progress, this report describes experiments on a 56Wh battery. Experiments were performed to ...

  14. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Curacao; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Curacao, an autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located off the coast of Venezuela. Curacaos utility rates are approximately $0.26 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  15. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Guadeloupe; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-27

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Guadeloupe, an overseas region of France located in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Guadeloupes utility rates are approximately $0.18 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33 USD/kWh.

  16. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Antigua and Barbuda; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-05-20

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Antigua and Barbuda, an independent nation in the Leeward Islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Antigua and Barbudas utility rates are approximately $0.37 U.S. dollars (USD) per kilowatt-hour (kWh), which is above the Caribbean regional average of $0.33 USD/kWh.

  17. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Bonaire; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Bonaire, a special municipality of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located off the coast of Venezuela. Bonaires utility rates are approximately $0.35 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), above the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  18. Advanced Technology Vehicle Lab Benchmarking - Level 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8.3 miles 27.1 miles 15 miles 2.2 kWh 5.7 kWh 13 Both vehicles can drive a UDDS cycle in electric mode, but not the aggressive US06 cycle EV power...

  19. Determination of Optimal Process Flowrates and Reactor Design for Autothermal Hydrogen Production in a Heat-Integrated Ceramic Microchannel Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damodharan, Shalini

    2012-07-16

    of the study included the determination of system energy density; a gravimetric energy density of 169.34 Wh/kg and a volumetric energy density of 506.02 Wh/l were achieved from brass architectures for 10 hrs operation, which is higher than the energy density...

  20. High energy density, thin-lm, rechargeable lithium batteries for marine eld operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoway, Donald Robert

    High energy density, thin-lm, rechargeable lithium batteries for marine eld operations Biying for marines in eld operations. With projected practical energy densities exceeding 300 Wh/kg, low safety dimensions are projected to have energy densities exceeding 350 Wh/kg and power densities exceeding 560 W

  1. On the Use of Agent-Based Simulation for Efficiency Analysis of Domestic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treur, Jan

    Photovoltaic Solar Energy Production Combined with a Heatpump Jan Treur Abstract In this paper agent with photovoltaic (PV) solar energy production. A simulation model for the cost (in terms of required kWh per day of a PV production agent estimating the produced solar energy (in kWh per day). In particular

  2. Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lasseter, Robert

    2010-01-01

    a) thermal storage 1 absorption chiller solar thermal flowSolar thermal (kW) PV (kW) lead-acid batteries (kWh) thermal storage (solar thermal (kW) PV (kW) lead-acid batteries (kWh) thermal storage (

  3. ADVANCED CONCEPTS ON REMOTE SENSING OF PRECIPITATION AT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foufoula-Georgiou, Efi

    ADVANCED CONCEPTS ON REMOTE SENSING OF PRECIPITATION AT MULTIPLE SCALES by SorooSh SorooShian, amirTs Workshop on remoTe sensing of precipiTATion AT mulTiple scAles what: 50 participants from precipitation of remote sensing of precipitation whEn: 1517 March 2010 whErE: University of California, Irvine Overview

  4. RESFEN5: Program Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Robin

    2008-01-01

    kWh/m 2 - year (SI), for HeatPump. Cooling energy attributedor kWh/year (IP and SI) for HeatPump. Cooling Energy HeatingIP). or kW (IP and SI) for HeatPump. Cooling peak attributed

  5. Estimating the Value of Utility-Scale Solar Technologies in California Under a 40% Renewable Portfolio Standard (Report Summary) (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jorgenson, J.; Denholm, P.; Mehos, M.

    2014-06-01

    Concentrating solar power with thermal energy storage (CSP-TES) is a unique source of solar energy in that its output can be shifted over time. The ability of CSP-TES to be a flexible source of generation may be particularly valuable in regions with high overall penetration of solar energy, such as the state of California. California's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) requires the state to increase generation from eligible renewable energy resources to reach 33% of retail electricity sales by 2020. Beyond 2020, California targets a further reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. To help reach this goal, current California governor Jerry Brown has stated that a higher 40% RPS might be reachable in the near term. The levelized cost of energy is generally emphasized when assessing the economic viability of renewable energy systems implemented to achieve the RPS. However, the operational and capacity benefits of such systems are often ignored, which can lead to incorrect economic comparisons between CSP-TES and variable renewable generation technologies such as solar photovoltaics (PV). Here we evaluate a 40% RPS scenario in a California grid model with PV or CSP-TES providing the last 1% of RPS energy. We compare the technical and economic implications of integrating either solar technology under several sensitivities, finding that the ability to displace new conventional thermal generation capacity may be the largest source of value of CSP-TES compared to PV at high solar penetrations.

  6. Estimating the Value of Utility-Scale Solar Technologies in California Under a 40% Renewable Portfolio Standard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jorgenson, J.; Denholm, P.; Mehos, M.

    2014-05-01

    Concentrating solar power with thermal energy storage (CSP-TES) is a unique source of solar energy in that its output can be shifted over time. The ability of CSP-TES to be a flexible source of generation may be particularly valuable in regions with high overall penetration of solar energy, such as the state of California. California's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) requires the state to increase generation from eligible renewable energy resources to reach 33% of retail electricity sales by 2020. Beyond 2020, California targets a further reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. To help reach this goal, current California governor Jerry Brown has stated that a higher 40% RPS might be reachable in the near term. The levelized cost of energy is generally emphasized when assessing the economic viability of renewable energy systems implemented to achieve the RPS. However, the operational and capacity benefits of such systems are often ignored, which can lead to incorrect economic comparisons between CSP-TES and variable renewable generation technologies such as solar photovoltaics (PV). Here we evaluate a 40% RPS scenario in a California grid model with PV or CSP-TES providing the last 1% of RPS energy. We compare the technical and economic implications of integrating either solar technology under several sensitivities, finding that the ability to displace new conventional thermal generation capacity may be the largest source of value of CSP-TES compared to PV at high solar penetrations.

  7. Recent progress on Exxon's circulating zinc bromine battery system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellows, R.J.

    1981-01-01

    The design, performance, and factory cost of Exxon's circulating zinc bromine batteries are described. The Exxon system has demonstrated stable performance in scale-ups to 3- and 10-kWh sub-modules. Cost studies based on recently demonstrated extrusion and injection molding techniques, have shown that this battery, with plastic electrodes, bipolar stacks, Br/sub 2/ complexation, and circulating electrolytes, could be produced (20 kWh units, 100,000 units/year) at a factory cost of $28/kWh (excluding R.O.I., and various indirect overheads).

  8. Value of Concentrating Solar Power and Thermal Energy Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

    2010-02-01

    This paper examines the value of concentrating solar power (CSP) and thermal energy storage (TES) in four regions in the southwestern United States. Our analysis shows that TES can increase the value of CSP by allowing more thermal energy from a CSP plant?s solar field to be used, by allowing a CSP plant to accommodate a larger solar field, and by allowing CSP generation to be shifted to hours with higher energy prices. We analyze the sensitivity of CSP value to a number of factors, including the optimization period, price and solar forecasting, ancillary service sales, capacity value and dry cooling of the CSP plant. We also discuss the value of CSP plants and TES net of capital costs.

  9. Gas Turbine/Solar Parabolic Trough Hybrid Design Using Molten Salt Heat Transfer Fluid: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turchi, C. S.; Ma, Z.

    2011-08-01

    Parabolic trough power plants can provide reliable power by incorporating either thermal energy storage (TES) or backup heat from fossil fuels. This paper describes a gas turbine / parabolic trough hybrid design that combines a solar contribution greater than 50% with gas heat rates that rival those of natural gas combined-cycle plants. Previous work illustrated benefits of integrating gas turbines with conventional oil heat-transfer-fluid (HTF) troughs running at 390?C. This work extends that analysis to examine the integration of gas turbines with salt-HTF troughs running at 450 degrees C and including TES. Using gas turbine waste heat to supplement the TES system provides greater operating flexibility while enhancing the efficiency of gas utilization. The analysis indicates that the hybrid plant design produces solar-derived electricity and gas-derived electricity at lower cost than either system operating alone.

  10. Evaluation of diurnal thermal energy storage combined with cogeneration systems. Phase 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somasundaram, S.; Brown, D.R.; Drost, M.K.

    1993-07-01

    This report describes the results of a study of thermal energy storage (TES) systems integrated with combined-cycle gas turbine cogeneration systems. Integrating thermal energy storage with conventional cogeneration equipment increases the initial cost of the combined system; but, by decoupling electric power and process heat production, the system offers two significant advantages. First, electric power can be generated on demand, irrespective of the process heat load profile, thus increasing the value of the power produced. Second, although supplementary firing could be used to serve independently varying electric and process heat loads, this approach is inefficient. Integrating TES with cogeneration can serve the two independent loads while firing all fuel in the gas turbine. An earlier study analyzed TES integrated with a simple-cycle cogeneration system. This follow-on study evaluated the cost of power produced by a combined-cycle electric power plant (CC), a combined-cycle cogeneration plant (CC/Cogen), and a combined-cycle cogeneration plant integrated with thermal energy storage (CC/TES/Cogen). Each of these three systems was designed to serve a fixed (24 hr/day) process steam load. The value of producing electricity was set at the levelized cost for a CC plant, while the value of the process steam was for a conventional stand-alone boiler. The results presented here compared the costs for CC/TES/Cogen system with those of the CC and the CC/Cogen plants. They indicate relatively poor economic prospects for integrating TES with a combined-cycle cogeneration power plant for the assumed designs. The major reason is the extremely close approach temperatures at the storage media heaters, which makes the heaters large and therefore expensive.

  11. Quantifying the Value of CSP with Thermal Energy Storage

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This PowerPoint slide deck was originally presented at the SunShot Concentrating Solar Power Program Review by Paul Denholm and Mark Mehos of NREL on April 23, 2013. Entitled "Quantifying the Value of CSP with Thermal Energy Storage," the presenters seek to answer the question, "What is the addition of TES to a CSP plant actually worth?" Ultimately they conclude that CSP with TES can actually complement other variable generation sources including solar PV and act as an enabling technology to achieve higher overall penetration of renewable energy.

  12. Role of Concentrating Solar Power in Integrating Solar and Wind Energy: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Mehos, M.

    2015-06-03

    As wind and solar photovoltaics (PV) increase in penetration it is increasingly important to examine enabling technologies that can help integrate these resources at large scale. Concentrating solar power (CSP) when deployed with thermal energy storage (TES) can provide multiple services that can help integrate variable generation (VG) resources such as wind and PV. CSP with TES can provide firm, highly flexible capacity, reducing minimum generation constraints which limit penetration and results in curtailment. By acting as an enabling technology, CSP can complement PV and wind, substantially increasing their penetration in locations with adequate solar resource.

  13. Alaska Strategic Energy Plan and Planning Handbook

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AEA Alaska Energy Authority Btu British thermal unit DOE U.S. Department of Energy EERE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE...

  14. Impact of Energy Disaggregation on Consumer Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakravarty, Prateek; Gupta, Abahy

    2013-01-01

    engagement and reduced energy usage. This paper highlightsnumber of participants, energy usage, HDD and CDD Figure 4Sacramento CA Figure 4: Energy usage (kWh) and HDD/CDD

  15. INTERACTION OF A SUB-BITUMINOUS COAL WITH A STRONG ACID AND A STRONG BASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seth, M.

    2010-01-01

    I.D I.D XBL 7111- 11389 g. s urn coal iurn REfERENCES 1. W.H. Wiser, Coal Catalysis, Proceedings of the EPRIC. Howard. Chern; (John Wil of Coal Utilization H. H. lowry.

  16. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Vehicle Assembly Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galitsky, Christina

    2008-01-01

    155,000 kWh of electric energy per year, totaling savings ofnatural gas/electric boilers and found energy savings of $varying energy savings results. The Tokyo Electric Power

  17. Development of the Supply Chain Optimization and Planning for the Environment (SCOPE) Tool - Applied to Solar Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Fletcher, Tristan; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

    2008-01-01

    USA) Panel (Germany) Panel (China) indicates the number of years a technology must produce electricity,Electricity (kg-CO2/kWh) Circularity Production Distribution Circularity Production Germany Hungary Italy Finland Spain USA

  18. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Glass Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2008-01-01

    in Exeter, New Hampshire, identified electricity savings ofNew Hampshire, opportunities were identified for saving 1.7 million kWh of electricityelectricity use at OSRAM Sylvanias glass plant in Exeter, New Hampshire,

  19. Furnace Blower Performance Improvements - Building America Top...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    who install high-performance furnace blowers with well-designed and installed ducts can achieve annual savings of 45% of fan energy or about 300 kWh per home. Read about...

  20. Freescale Semiconductor Successfully Implements an Energy Management...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    projects at its Oak Hill Fab plant in Austin, Texas, that reduced annual plant-wide energy consumption by 28 million kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity and 26,000 million...

  1. Embodied Energy and Off-Grid Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alstone, Peter

    2012-01-01

    8 W driver for 6 high power LEDs MJ/m2 Manufacturing Energychip estimate for high power LED MJ/kg Cradle to Gate Duque1 kWh/LED package for high power LED packages. Osram (2009)

  2. Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01

    Water and the Environment. Ecoinvent (2007). Product Ecologyfor Europe and the US [Ecoinvent, 2007]; however the GWPOF ELECTRICITY CONSUMED [ECOINVENT, GWP (kg CO2eq/kWh) O r C

  3. RECHARGEABLE MOLTEN-SALT CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Elton J.

    2013-01-01

    Specific Energy Specific Power Cycle Life Lifetime Cost 60-Specific Energy Specific Power Cycle Life Lifetime Cost 120Specific Energy Specific Power Cycle Life Cost 67 Wh/kg @ 13

  4. Zero-Emission Vehicle Scenario Cost Analysis Using A Fuzzy Set-Based Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Timothy Edward

    1999-01-01

    Residential Sector Electricity Prices in California Table 2-Residential Sector Electricity Prices in California (1995$)Residential electricity prices in the Los Angeles area are currently about $0.10 per kWh, but the California

  5. Tips: Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    use them efficiently. What's a Kilowatt? When you use electricity to power a 1000-watt vacuum for 1 hour, you use 1,000 watt-hours (1,000 Wh) of electricity One thousand...

  6. National Laboratory Concentrating Solar Power Research and Development...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    receivers, and thermal storage-are necessary to achieve the cost goal of producing solar energy for 0.06kWh. cspnatllabrdfactsheet.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  7. Energy Demands and Efficiency Strategies in Data Center Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shehabi, Arman

    2010-01-01

    value for many commercial buildings and data centers (RumseykWh). 1.3. Data center buildings Data centers provide aexhausted from the building and the data center was cooled

  8. AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0.02 - 0.04kWh annualized savings Interior Controls: 0.08Watt controlled Lighting Power Density Incentive: 400kW below ASHRAE 90.1-2004 allowed wattage Unitary and Split...

  9. LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verderber, R.R.

    2010-01-01

    Floors Floor Area Lighting Power Density Light Output Lampenergy den- sity and power density for lighting to 3.5 kWh/Lighting Level (Lumens/Watt) (Footcandles) Power Density (

  10. The Advantage of Highly Controlled Lighting for Offices and Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2010-01-01

    wall switches. Lighting power density equals 0.88 watts/switching only. Lighting power density is 1.4 watts/squareMaximum Installed Lighting Power Density (w/sf) Total kWh

  11. Utility Rate Structures and the Impact of Energy Efficiency and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    FL Energy Efficiency Calculations * Rates: most common are energy only rates, or a demand rate (kVa or kW) * Demand Rate - Can't use the average cost per kWh for calculations -...

  12. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

  13. 2008 Solar Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, S.

    2010-01-01

    generated by the Nevada Solar One plant is about $0.18/kWh (SEGS IX APS Saguaro Nevada Solar One Total Location Daggett,I - IX APS Saguaro Nevada Solar One PS10 Puertollano Plant

  14. Interpreting human activity from electrical consumption data through non-intrusive load monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillman, Mark Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) has three distinct advantages over today's smart meters. First, it offers accountability. Few people know where their kWh's are going. Second, it is a maintenance tool. Signs of wear ...

  15. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Expenditures (million dollars) Electricity Expenditures (dollars) per kWh per Square Foot North- east Mid- west South West North- east Mid- west South West North- east Mid- west...

  16. Energy Information Handbook: Applications for Energy-Efficient Building Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granderson, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    period durations. Energy usage per square foot is discussedEUI), or annual energy use per square foot per year [kWh/sf/the cost per square foot of annual energy use is a valuable

  17. Healthcare Energy Efficiency Research and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanzisera,, Judy Lai, Steven M.

    2012-01-01

    cant be judged on energy per square foot in a meaningfulmedian energy intensity of 470 kBtu per square foot per yearequipment energy use intensity, e.g. as kWh per square foot

  18. Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budhraja, Vikram

    2008-01-01

    productionlevelfromsmallhydroasrecordedin2006. kWH Geothermal Biomass Small Hydro 830 est Wind Solar TotalRPS Geothermal Biomass Small Hydro 830 est Wind Solar Total

  19. The Failure of Anti-Hacking Legislation: a Hong Kong Perspective Invited Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, W. H. Nynson

    The Failure of Anti-Hacking Legislation: a Hong Kong Perspective Invited Paper Rynson W.H. Lau 3 on Internet issues, and discusses why present computer- related legislation fails to attain its goal of anti-hacking

  20. Panel: Teaching Undergraduate Information Matt B shop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Matt

    tration t sting (or thical hacking ) proj cts. Th s cond qu stion is wh th r th s p n tration Manager for the School of Information Systems in the Curtin Business School, Western Australia. He

  1. Glendale Water and Power- Large Business Energy Efficiency Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Glendale Water and Power (GWP) offers a rebate to its medium and large business customers with electric bills of more than $3000 per month (electric usage of 250,000 kWh annually ~ $36,000 per year...

  2. Onondaga County Department of Water Environment Protection: Process Optimization Saves Energy at Metropolitan Syracuse Wastewater Treatment Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-06-25

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how Onondaga County, New York, is saving nearly 3 million kWh and 270 million Btu annually at a wastewater treatment plant after replacing inefficient motors and upgrading pumps.

  3. Kodak: MotorMaster+ Is the Foundation for Energy Efficiency at a Chemical and Imaging Technologies Plant (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-02-01

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how Kodak is saving 5.8 million kWh and $664,000 annually after upgrading or replacing inefficient motors in its Rochester, New York, plant.

  4. Kodak: MotorMaster+ is the Foundation for Energy Efficiency at a Chemical and Imaging Technologies Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2006-10-01

    This DOE Industrial Technologies Program spotlight describes how Kodak is saving 5.8 million kWh and $664,000 annually after upgrading or replacing inefficient motors in its Rochester, New York, plant.

  5. Multi-sensor Wireless System for Fault Detection in Induction Motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarkesh Esfahani, Ehsan

    2012-01-01

    Industrial Electric Motor Systems Market Opportunities As- sessment, US DOE, Washington DC, 1998. [6] California Energyindustrial motors in California consume about 70 billion kWh. 95% of this energy (

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Hawaii Energy The percentage of total utility revenue is used to establish a target budget for the PBF. The surcharge is set on a cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh) basis to meet the...

  7. U.S. Department of Energy The U.S. National Hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wind Solar Geothermal Biomass *Transition only Why H2? Multiple domestic resources Non toxic, water, specific-energy from H2 (Gravimetric Capacity) (3 kWh/kg) Usable, energ

  8. Microsoft Word - Cover Page - Exhibit 12

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    South of Lost Nation Substation) Wetland Functions and Values 3 Town Data ID NWI Class 1 Acreage VP ID 2 GWR FFA FSH STR NR PE SSS WH REC ESV UH VQA ETS Northumberland NU1...

  9. Exact Rotating Magnetic Traversable Wormholes satisfying the Energy Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tonatiuh Matos; Galaxia Miranda

    2015-07-09

    In this work we wonder if there is a way to generate a wormhole (WH) in nature using "normal" matter. In order to give a first answer to this question, we study a massless scalar field coupled to an electromagnetic one (dilatonic field) with an arbitrary coupling constant, as source of gravitation. We obtain an exact solution of the Einstein equations using this source that represents a magnetized rotating WH. This space-time has a naked ring singularity, probably untouchable as in \\cite{Matos:2012gj}, but otherwise regular. The WH throat lies on the disc bounded by the ring singularity, which keeps the throat open without requiring exotic matter, that means, satisfying all the energy conditions. After analyzing the geodesic motion and the tidal forces we find that a test particle can go through the WH without troubles.

  10. Exact Rotating Magnetic Traversable Wormholes satisfying the Energy Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matos, Tonatiuh

    2015-01-01

    In this work we wonder if there is a way to generate a wormhole (WH) in nature using "normal" matter. In order to give a first answer to this question, we study a massless scalar field coupled to an electromagnetic one (dilatonic field) with an arbitrary coupling constant, as source of gravitation. We obtain an exact solution of the Einstein equations using this source that represents a magnetized rotating WH. This space-time has a naked ring singularity, probably untouchable as in \\cite{Matos:2012gj}, but otherwise regular. The WH throat lies on the disc bounded by the ring singularity, which keeps the throat open without requiring exotic matter, that means, satisfying all the energy conditions. After analyzing the geodesic motion and the tidal forces we find that a test particle can go through the WH without troubles.

  11. Energy Intensity Indicators: Electricity Generation Energy Intensity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electric energy delivered to the final user has an energy equivalent to 3,412 British thermal units (Btu). Figure E1, below, tracks how much energy was used by the various...

  12. NALCAL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Near-IR MKIDs 3:00 LHC Physics Center Topic of the Week Seminar Sunrise Speaker: Tim Cohen, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory WH11NE Title: Jet Substructure by Accident 3:30...

  13. Released: September, 2008

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    E6. Electricity Consumption (kWh) Intensities by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Electricity Energy Intensity (kWhsquare foot)" ,"Total ","Space Heat- ing","Cool-...

  14. Released: September, 2008

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption (kWh) Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Electricity Energy Intensity (kWhsquare foot)" ,"Total ","Space Heat- ing","Cool- ing","Venti-...

  15. Comparisons of HVAC Simulations between EnergyPlus and DOE-2.2 for Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2009-01-01

    Monthly Cooling Electricity Consumption for San FranciscoOct Nov Dec CoolingElectricityConsumption(kWh) DOE?2.2MonthlyCoolingElectricityConsumptionforSanFrancisco

  16. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Electricity Consumption (kWh) Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003 Electricity Energy Intensity (kWhsquare foot) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water...

  17. Energy-Efficiency Technologies and Benchmarking the Energy Intensity for the Textile Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2014-01-01

    tonne yarn) Annual Electricity consumption (kWh) Annual fuelis equal to the electricity consumption at the end-use. Inshows that specific electricity consumption in plant C is

  18. Estimates of Energy Consumption by Building Type and End Use at U.S. Army Installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, S.J.

    2010-01-01

    4. Figure 5-5. 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by EndkWh/ft ) 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by End Useof Total) 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by End Use

  19. HYBUD: An Energy-Efficient Architecture for Hybrid Parallel Disk Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Xiao

    Wh of electricity in the United States results in an average of 1.55 pounds (lb) of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions but not limited to, video surveillance [1], remote-sensing database systems [2], and digital libraries [5

  20. CX-000479: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Project Number WH-MM-668 - West Hackberry Pigging Water DisposalCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 12/03/2009Location(s): LouisianaOffice(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  1. NALCAL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Speaker: Rouven Essig, Stonybrook University WH11NE Title: Exotic Decays of the 125 GeV Higgs Boson 3:30 DIRECTOR'S COFFEE BREAK 2nd Flr X-Over 4:00 Accelerator Physics and...

  2. NALCAL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conjectorium Speaker: Terrance Figy, University of Manchester WH3NE Title: Electroweak Higgs Boson Production in Association with Three Jets (A.K.A. VBF + 1 Jet) at NLO QCD 3:30...

  3. Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard; Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

    2008-01-01

    subject to commercial electricity rates whereas IDC definesto industrial electricity rates. Finally, the disaggregation2006 U.S. commercial electricity rate (8.8 cents/kWh) and

  4. Addressing Water Consumption of Evaporative Coolers with Greywater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahai, Rashmi

    2013-01-01

    cost using the specific electricity rate of each city. TableJose Bangalore CCD Electricity Rate (USD/kWh) Reference USfrom increased electricity and water rates in the future.

  5. Water and Energy Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, James E.

    2013-01-01

    2,5844,359 kWh/million liters) for seawater desalination.energy required for seawater desalination is higher than thethat use seawater for cooling with desalination plants may

  6. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    WorldwideStatusofWind/DieselApplications. ProceedingsElliot,G. (1994). Wind?DieselSystems:AGuidetothecost 2010$/kWh Windturbine Dieselmarginalgenerationcost

  7. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    usedincalculations Dieselfuelprice:1.06$/liter Thisgenerationisequaltodieselfuelprice/(9.84kWh/litereightyears,theaveragepriceofdieselfuelhasmorethan

  8. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Renewable Energy Cost Recovery Incentive Payment Program These multipliers result in production incentives ranging from 0.12 to 0.54kWh, capped at 5,000 per year. Ownership of...

  9. Solar powered desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

    2011-01-01

    and RO. The RO method requires no thermal energy and leastMethods Method Electrical Energy (kWh/m 3 ) Thermal Energyhigh thermal energy required by the distillation methods,

  10. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01

    FERC GE GW G&T HTS ICE IOU IPP IREC IRS ISO ITC kW kWh LADWPwind Source: EIA, Ventyx, AWEA, IREC, Berkeley Lab Figure 2.Renewable Energy Council (IREC) and Berkeley Lab. Data on

  11. Sustainable Energy in Remote Indonesian Grids: Accelerating Project...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rate of return kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE levelized cost of energy LED light-emitting diode MW megawatt MWe megawatt electric NAL Nirmala Agro Lestari NGOs...

  12. Microgrid Selection and Operation for Commercial Buildings in California and New York States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris; Environmental Energy Technologies Division

    2008-01-01

    of 2.5US$/W & low solar thermal costs (minus 10% of originalIncluding low-cost storage of US$50/kWh for solar thermalsolar photo- storage storage battery chiller thermal voltaics intercept costs (

  13. A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norwood, Zachary Mills

    2011-01-01

    Performance-Cost analysis of solar combined heat and powerCHP system where the solar field cost is split between thea predicted levelized solar thermal cost of $0.03/kWh, this

  14. Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Afzal

    2008-01-01

    DG unit, then it obtains the PV of cost savings relative toterms comprise the PV of cost savings per kWh e from usingstate, the microgrids PV of cost savings reflects the

  15. Optimization and integration of renewable energy sources on a community scale using Artificial Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Bron

    2011-01-01

    section, the relative cost of PV fluctuations is estimated,of electricity (/kWh) the cost of PV is the price of energyof a PV system; but rather, represent the costs of having

  16. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    IncentiveProgram:SolarPVCostsandIncentiveFactors,0.20/kWh) tofindPVcost effectiveat4/Wp beforeModelfortheProjectionofPVModuleCostsandIts Policy

  17. Quantifying the Effect of the Principal-Agent Problem on US Residential Energy Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant

    2006-01-01

    device, the user may consume more energy services than if hethe average non-Energy Star models consume 569 kWh/year andThese units consume 350 TBtu of site energy for heating,

  18. Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2012-01-01

    laptops achieve ENERGY STAR 5.0 rating and consume 52 kWh/products continue to consume more energy. Therefore relyingTVs are assumed to consume 90% less energy than an average

  19. Implementation of electric vehicle system based on solar energy in Singapore assessment of flow batteries for energy storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yaliang

    2009-01-01

    For large-scale energy storage application, flow battery has the advantages of decoupled power and energy management, extended life cycles and relatively low cost of unit energy output ($/kWh). In this thesis, an overview ...

  20. Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2009-01-01

    with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies, ACEEE 2008DER-CAM decoupling by thermal storage decoupling by electricor $/kWh) lifetime (a) thermal storage 1 flow battery 220$/

  1. Energy dispatch schedule optimization and cost benefit analysis for grid-connected, photovoltaic-battery storage systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottrott, A.; Kleissl, J.; Washom, B.

    2013-01-01

    show that Lithium- ion batteries can be a financially viablethe price at which Lithium-ion batteries become financiallyinstalled cost for Lithium-ion batteries of a) $600/kWh, $

  2. Zinc-bromine battery design for electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellows, R.; Grimes, P.; Einstein, H.; Kantner, E.; Malachesky, P.; Newby, K.

    1982-01-01

    Design projections for zinc-bromine batteries are attractive for electric vehicle applications in terms of low manufacturing costs ($28/kWh) and good performance characteristics. Zinc-bromine batery projections (60 to 80 Wh/kg, 130 to 200 W/kg) compare favorably to both current lead acid batteries and proposed advanced battery candidates. The performance of recently developed battery components with 1200 cm/sup 2/ electrodes in a 120V, 10 kWh module is described. Similarly constructed smaller scale (600 cm/sup 2/) components have shown lifetimes exceeding 400 cycles and the ability to follow both regenerative braking (J227aD) and random cycling regimes. Initial dynamometer evaluations of full scale 20 kWh batteries is expected in early 1984.

  3. Zinc-bromine battery design for electric vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellows, R.J.; Einstein, H.; Grimes, P.; Kantner, E.; Malachesky, P.; Newby, K.

    1983-02-01

    Design projections for zinc-bromine batteries are attractive for electric vehicle applications in terms of low manufacturing costs ($28/kWh) and good performance characteristics. Zinc-bromine battery projections (60-80 Wh/kg, 130-200 W/kg) compare favorably to both current lead acid batteries and proposed advanced battery candidates. The performance of recently developed battery components with 1200 cm/sup 2/ electrodes in a 120V, 10 kWh module is described. Similarly constructed smaller scale (600 cm/sup 2/) components have shown lifetimes exceeding 400 cycles and the ability to follow both regenerative braking (J227aD) and random cycling regimes. Initial dynamometer evaluations of full scale 20 kWh batteries is expected in early 1984.

  4. Peak CO2? China's Emissions Trajectories to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01

    vis- -vis lowering electricity demand), as efficiencygce/kWh) in 2050 Total electricity demand reaches 9100 TWhin 2050 Total electricity demand reaches 7,764 TWh in 2050

  5. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* When an annual period ends, a utility will purchase unused credits...

  6. Smart buildings with electric vehicle interconnection as buffer for local renewables?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Division Conclusions EV Charging / discharging patternresidences (homes) for EV charging: $0.138/kWh Environmental8am 5pm 7pm 7am EV battery charging efficiency EV

  7. Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

    2009-01-01

    to assist the energy storage battery (12 kWh) in providingbattery and ultracapacitors in the vehicles when the characteristics of the energy storageBattery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium the energy storage

  8. Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    along with 22 kWh of battery storage. This study by Baek etpower, but the cost of battery storage per unit of loadMargolis [37], local battery storage for building-sited PV,

  9. Building Distributed Energy Performance Optimization for China a Regional Analysis of Building Energy Costs and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Wei

    2013-01-01

    photovoltaics (PV), and battery storage, are considered forStorage Heat Storage Flow Battery Energy Flow Battery PowerkW) Battery Capacity (kWh) Photo voltaic (kW) Heat Storage (

  10. Energy Department Launches Better Buildings Alliance Indoor Lighting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    30 RTUs with advanced controls, resulting in over 100 kWh of energy savings; Walmart Stores Inc. completed over 10,000 high-efficiency RTU installations in new and...

  11. Drivers of Success in the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (n 54) VARIABLE MODEL 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Constraints on energy use and savings opportunities index - 1.43 b 1.06 - - - - State-level average electricity cost (cents per kWh) - - -...

  12. Integrating 3D and 2D Representations for View Invariant Object Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HU, WENZE

    2012-01-01

    3D Object Representations . . . . . . . . . . Marrson Sig. Proc. 41(12), 3397415. Marr, D. (1982). Vision: ACA, USA: W.H. Freeman. Marr, D. and H. K. Nishihara (1978).

  13. Efficient Coding of Visual Scenes by Groupoing and Segmentation: Theoretical Predictions and Biological Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Tai Sing; Yuille, Alan L

    2006-01-01

    Vision. Vol 2, pp 416-424. 2001. Marr D. (1982). Vision.New Jersey, WH Freeman & Company. Marr D, Hildreth E. (1980)boundaries of objects (e.g. Marr and Hildreth 1982). These

  14. Efficient Coding of Visual Scenes by Grouping and Segmentation: Theoretical Predictions and Biological Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Tai Sing; Yuille, Alan L.

    2006-01-01

    Vision. Vol 2, pp 416-424. 2001. Marr D. (1982). Vision.New Jersey, WH Freeman & Company. Marr D, Hildreth E. (1980)boundaries of objects (e.g. Marr and Hildreth 1982). These

  15. Efficient Coding of Visual Scenes by Grouping and Segmentation: Theoretical Predictions and Biological Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tai Sing Lee; Alan L. Yuille

    2011-01-01

    Vision. Vol 2, pp 416-424. 2001. Marr D. (1982). Vision.New Jersey, WH Freeman & Company. Marr D, Hildreth E. (1980)boundaries of objects (e.g. Marr and Hildreth 1982). These

  16. solvent-carbon-capture-scientific | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The economic impact of this parasitic power reduction is a reduction in the incremental cost of electricity (COE) by about 21 millskWh. The objectives of the project are: Perform...

  17. Vasilis Fthenakis Brookhaven National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Switzerland PWR Dones et al, 2005, Switzerland BWR GHG(gCO2-eq./kWh) Waste Disp. Operation Const Germany (ExternE, 2003) US (BNL, 2005) Japan (Hondo, 2005) Switzerland (Dones, 2005) Australia (ACA, 2001

  18. Artificial Neural Network for Optimized Power System Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OLeary, Daniel Albert

    2015-01-01

    to improve solar and wind forecasts. Further, weather dataone-third of a kWh. Wind data forecasts based on wind speedwind power models presented here, with the potential of improving forecast

  19. Residential electricity rates for the United States for Solcost Data Bank cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, L. E.

    1981-05-01

    Electricity rates are given for selected cities in each state, first of the Southern Solar Energy Center region and then of the rest of the US, for an average residence that uses 1000 kWh a month. (LEW)

  20. One of the fascinating possibilities of space systems research is the development of reconfigurable,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,000 Wh/kg in air respectively, translating to 15 and 40 times the energy density of lithium ion batteries. This is using high-efficiency lithium hydride fueled Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells with lives