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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Slope preserving lossy terrain compression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate terrain representation with appropriate preservation of important terrain characteristics, especially slope steepness, is becoming more crucial and fundamental as the geographical models are becoming more complex. Based on our earlier success ... Keywords: GIS, PDE solver, terrain elevation data set compression, terrain modeling

Zhongyi Xie; W. Randolph Franklin; Daniel M. Tracy

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Variability of Surface Air Temperature over Gently Sloped Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temperature and wind data from a rural micronet and nearby site of the Oklahoma Mesonet are analyzed to study the frequency, strength, and formation processes of cold-pool events in a region with gentle terrain. Spatial analyses were performed ...

David Bodine; Petra M. Klein; Sean C. Arms; Alan Shapiro

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

A Comparison of Methods for Computing the Sigma-Coordinate Pressure Gradient Force for Flow over Sloped Terrain in a Hybrid Theta-Sigma Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five methods for computing the pressure gradient force within a sigma domain of a hybrid model are compared for flow over a steeply sloped terrain. The comparison includes pressure gradient calculations determined from a direct transformation to ...

Donald R. Johnson; Louis W. Uccellini

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

The Initiation and Horizontal Scale Selection of Convection over Gently Sloping Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two- and three-dimensional numerical simulations were performed to investigate the scale selection and initiation of both moist and dry convection over gentle western and gentle eastern slopes where the latter represents an idealization of the ...

Jean-Luc Redelsperger; Terry L. Clark

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Extending the Numerical Stability Limit of Terrain-Following Coordinate Models over Steep Slopes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To extend the numerical stability limit over steep slopes, a truly horizontal pressure-gradient discretization based on the ideas formulated by Mahrer in the 1980s has been developed. Conventionally, the pressure gradient is evaluated in the ...

Günther Zängl

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Urbanizing terrains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban "sprawl"in the East Attica area of Athens has dramatically changed the former rural economy in a manner consistent with the urbanizing terrain's underlying properties: agricultural subdivisions, existing centres, ...

Romanos, Christoforos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Multiscale Evaluation of the Improvements in Surface Snow Simulation through Terrain Adjustments to Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The downwelling shortwave radiation on the earth’s land surface is affected by the terrain characteristics of slope and aspect. These adjustments, in turn, impact the evolution of snow over such terrain. This article presents a multiscale ...

Sujay V. Kumar; Christa D. Peters-Lidard; David Mocko; Yudong Tian

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Numerical Consistency of Metric Terms in Terrain-Following Coordinates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In numerically integrating the equations of motion in terrain-following coordinates, care must be taken in treating the metric terms that arise due to the sloping coordinate surfaces. In particular, metric terms that appear in the advection and ...

Joseph B. Klemp; William C. Skamarock; Oliver Fuhrer

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Average Diurnal Behavior of Surface Winds during Summer at Sites in Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mean diurnal wind distributions from five surface stations in the rugged Geysers area of northern California were examined to determine how they were affected by the terrain. The one dimensional slope-flow model of Garrett was able to simulate ...

Alfred J. Garrett; Frank G. Smith III

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Mesoscale Boundary Layer Evolution over Complex Terrain. Part I. Numerical Simulation of the Diurnal Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The continuous development of a meso-?-scale boundary layer over sloping terrain upwind of a high mountain barrier was simulated through a complete diurnal cycle using a nonhydrostatic boundary-layer model. The simulation detailed the evolution ...

David C. Bader; Thomas B. McKee; Gregory J. Tripoli

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Greater Boston Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greater Boston Area Greater Boston Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Greater Boston Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Greater Boston Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Greater Boston Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Greater Boston Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Greater Boston Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Greater Boston Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Greater Boston Area Products and Services in the Greater Boston Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

12

Rainfall and Climate Variation over a Sloping New Mexico Plateau during the North American Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distribution of rainfall and other climatic variables is studied over sloping terrain surrounding Los Alamos in northern New Mexico. Long-term rainfall records and over 10 years of data measured routinely from a raingauge array and several ...

Brent M. Bowen

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

A Model Study of the Stably Stratified Steady-State Atmospheric Boundary Layer over a Slightly Inclined Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple, steady-state, numerical model is used to examine the Rossby-number similarity theory of the atmospheric boundary layer over a slightly inclined terrain. The model confirms the similarity predictions. The slope-influenced universal ...

Zbigniew Sorbjan

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

A Method for Imposing Surface Stress and Heat Flux Conditions in Finite-Difference Models with Steep Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical implementation of the surface stress boundary condition is presented for finite-difference models in which the terrain slope and curvature cannot necessarily be considered small. The method involves reducing the discretized stress ...

C. C. Epifanio

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

North Slope of Alaska  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govSitesNorth Slope of Alaska govSitesNorth Slope of Alaska NSA Related Links Facilities and Instruments Barrow Atqasuk ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts North Slope of Alaska Barrow: 71° 19' 23.73" N, 156° 36' 56.70" W Atqasuk: 70° 28' 19.11" N, 157° 24' 28.99" W The North Slope of Alaska (NSA) site is providing data about cloud and radiative processes at high latitudes. Centered at Barrow and extending to the south (to the vicinity of Atqasuk), west (to the vicinity of Wainwright), and east (towards Oliktok), the NSA site has become a focal point for atmospheric and ecological research activity on the North Slope. The principal instrumented facility was installed near Barrow in 1997,

16

Placement of Traffic Barriers on Roadside and Median Slopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cross median crashes have become a serious problem in recent years. Most of the median cross sections used for divided highways have terrains with steep slopes. Traffic barriers, frequently used on slopes, are generally designed based on the findings obtained from crash tests performed on flat terrain. For barriers placed on roadside and median slopes, vehicle impact height varies depending on the trajectory of the vehicle along the ditch section and lateral offset of the barrier. Thus depending on the placement location on a relatively steep slope, a barrier can be impacted by an errant vehicle at height and orientation more critical compared to those considered during its design. Hence, detailed study of performance of barriers on roadside and median slopes is needed to achieve acceptable safety performance. In this study, performances of modified G4(1S) W-beam, Midwest Guardrail System (MGS), modified Thrie-beam, modified weak post W-beam, and box-beam guardrail systems on sloped terrains are investigated using numerical simulations. A procedure is developed that provide guidance for their placement on roadside and median slopes. The research approach consists of nonlinear finite element analyses and multi-rigid-body dynamic analyses approach. Detailed finite element representation for each of the barriers is developed using LS-DYNA. Model fidelity is assessed through comparison of simulated and measured responses reported in full scale crash test studies conducted on flat terrain. LS-DYNA simulations of vehicle impacts on barriers placed on flat terrain at different impact heights are performed to identify performance limits of the barriers in terms of acceptable vehicle impact heights. The performances of the barriers are evaluated following the guidelines provided in NCHRP Report 350. Multi-rigid-body dynamic analysis code, CARSIM, is used to identify trajectories of the vehicles traversing various roadside and median cross-slopes. After analyzing vehicle trajectories and barrier performance limits, a guideline has been prepared with recommendations for the placement of barriers along roadside and median slopes. This guideline is then verified and refined using the responses obtained from full-scale LS-DYNA simulations. These simulations capture the full encroachment event from departure of the vehicle off the traveled way through impact with the barrier.

Ferdous, Md Rubiat

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Slope Currents and “JEBAR”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For currants along continental slopes, the joint effect of baroclinicity and bottom relief (JEBAR) provides important local forcing, comparable with the wind stress. The poleward density increase (or corresponding sea level decline) typically ...

J. M. Huthnance

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Modeling of Summertime Flow and Dispersion in the Coastal Terrain of Southeastern Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Latrobe Valley is situated in a coastal region of complex terrain in southeastern Australia. During typical summertime conditions of light synoptic winds and clear skies, the low-level regional wind field is dominated by sea-breeze and slope-...

William L. Physick; Deborah J. Abbs

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

On the Laws of Geostrophic Drag and Heat Transfer over a Slightly Inclined Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytical solutions of a set of equations that couples the Ekman boundary layer and the Prandtl slope wind equations are presented for terrain inclinations with an upper limit of 0.2. With the aid of the logarithmic asymptotes for wind and ...

Lev N. Gutman; JoséW. Melgarejo

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Steep Slope Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Steep Slope Calculator Steep Slope Calculator Estimates Cooling and Heating Savings for Residential Roofs with Non-Black Surfaces Enter A State: Select a state Alabama Alaska Arkansas Arizona California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Iowa Idaho Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana North Carolina North Dakota Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Pacific Islands Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington Wisconsin West Virginia Wyoming Canadian Cities Enter A City: Select a city Click to see Data for All 243 Locations Roof Inputs: R-value(Btu-in/(hr ft2 oF):

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Improved visibility computation on massive grid terrains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and engineering of algorithms for computing visibility maps on massive grid terrains. Given a terrain T, specified by the elevations of points in a regular grid, and given a viewpoint v, the visibility ...

Jeremy Fishman; Herman Haverkort; Laura Toma

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Accurate Wind Characterization in Complex Terrain Using the Immersed Boundary Method  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes an immersed boundary method (IBM) that facilitates the explicit resolution of complex terrain within the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Two different interpolation methods, trilinear and inverse distance weighting, are used at the core of the IBM algorithm. Functional aspects of the algorithm's implementation and the accuracy of results are considered. Simulations of flow over a three-dimensional hill with shallow terrain slopes are preformed with both WRF's native terrain-following coordinate and with both IB methods. Comparisons of flow fields from the three simulations show excellent agreement, indicating that both IB methods produce accurate results. However, when ease of implementation is considered, inverse distance weighting is superior. Furthermore, inverse distance weighting is shown to be more adept at handling highly complex urban terrain, where the trilinear interpolation algorithm breaks down. This capability is demonstrated by using the inverse distance weighting core of the IBM to model atmospheric flow in downtown Oklahoma City.

Lundquist, K A; Chow, F K; Lundquist, J K; Kosovic, B

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

23

Characterization of the ROAMS Simulation Environment for Testing Rover Mobility on Sloped Terrain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the tight arcs due to interaction of the wheels with the underlying mixed sand and concrete paving stones types (clay, loose sand, mixed, etc.). 2.7. Wheel-soil contact model The primary goal of the wheel table has a mosaic of paving stones glued to a plywood surface and covered with a layer of fine sand

24

West Slope, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Slope, Oregon: Energy Resources Slope, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.496985°, -122.76938° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.496985,"lon":-122.76938,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

25

North Slope (Wahluke Slope) expedited response action cleanup plan  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this action is to mitigate any threat to public health and the environment from hazards on the North Slope and meet the expedited response action (ERA) objective of cleanup to a degree requiring no further action. The ERA may be the final remediation of the 100-I-3 Operable Unit. A No Action record of decision (ROD) may be issued after remediation completion. The US Department of Energy (DOE) currently owns or administers approximately 140 mi{sup 2} (about 90,000 acres) of land north and east of the Columbia River (referred to as the North Slope) that is part of the Hanford Site. The North Slope, also commonly known as the Wahluke Slope, was not used for plutonium production or support facilities; it was used for military air defense of the Hanford Site and vicinity. The North Slope contained seven antiaircraft gun emplacements and three Nike-Ajax missile positions. These military positions were vacated in 1960--1961 as the defense requirements at Hanford changed. They were demolished in 1974. Prior to government control in 1943, the North Slope was homesteaded. Since the initiation of this ERA in the summer of 1992, DOE signed the modified Hanford Federal Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) with the Washington Department of Ecology (Ecology) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in which a milestone was set to complete remediation activities and a draft closeout report by October 1994. Remediation activities will make the North Slope area available for future non-DOE uses. Thirty-nine sites have undergone limited characterization to determine if significant environmental hazards exist. This plan documents the results of that characterization and evaluates the potential remediation alternatives.

Not Available

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budgets over Mountainous Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of the airflow and turbulence structure over mountainous terrain. Turbulent characteristics of the airflow were measured using well-instrumented aircraft. The shear, buoyancy, ...

Theodore S. Karacostas; John D. Marwitz

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

On Thermally Forced Circulations over Heated Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A combination of analytical and numerical models is used to gain insight into the dynamics of thermally forced circulations over diurnally heated terrain. Solutions are obtained for two-layer flows (representing the boundary layer and the ...

Daniel J. Kirshbaum

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

The Terrain-Induced Rotor Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Terrain-Induced Rotor Experiment (T-REX) is a coordinated international project, composed of an observational field campaign and a research program, focused on the investigation of atmospheric rotors and closely related phenomena in complex ...

Vanda Grubiši?; James D. Doyle; Joachim Kuettner; Richard Dirks; Stephen A. Cohn; Laura L. Pan; Stephen Mobbs; Ronald B. Smith; C. David Whiteman; Stanley Czyzyk; Simon Vosper; Martin Weissmann; Samuel Haimov; Stephan F. J. De Wekker; Fotini Katopodes Chow

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Wind and Diffusion Modeling for Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric transport and dispersion over complex terrain were investigated. Meteorological and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) concentration data were collected and used to evaluate the performance of a transport and diffusion model coupled with a ...

Robert M. Cox; John Sontowski; Richard N. Fry Jr.; Catherine M. Dougherty; Thomas J. Smith

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Daytime heat transfer processes over mountainous terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The daytime heat transfer mechanisms over mountainous terrain are investigated by means of large-eddy simulations over idealized valleys. Two- and three-dimensional topographies, corresponding to infinite and finite valleys, are used in order to ...

Juerg Schmidli

31

Dispersion into Severe Coastal Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A field study of dispersion using tracer gases from offshore sources into severe coastal complex terrain was conducted in central California. Data were collected on dispersion, surface concentrations trajectories, and stability. An examination of ...

Timothy C. Spangler; James W. Keating

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

The Lidars in Flat Terrain (LIFT) Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors describe and present early results from the July_August 1996 Lidars in Flat Terrain (LIFT) experiment. LIFT was a boundary layer experiment that made use of recently developed Doppler, aerosol backscatter, and ozone lidars, along with ...

Stephen A. Cohn; Shane D. Mayor; Christian J. Grund; Tammy M. Weckwerth; Christoph Senff

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Why Sequence the Greater Duckweed?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sequence the Greater Duckweed? Sequence the Greater Duckweed? The Lemnaceae, commonly known as duckweeds, are the smallest, fastest growing and simplest of flowering plants. Some of the current uses of Lemnaceae are a testimony to its utility: basic research and evolutionary model system, toxicity testing organism, biotech protein factory, wastewater remediator, high-protein animal feed, and carbon cycling participant. Sequencing of the Greater Duckweed, Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleiden, which has a genome size similar to that of Arabidopsis (150 MB), will address challenges in alternative energy, bioremediation, and global carbon cycling. duckweed in a flask Duckweed photo courtesy Todd Michael. With the passage of the 2005 Federal Energy legislation, the drive to develop sustainable feedstocks and processing protocols for biofuel

34

Elsevier Editorial System(tm) for Computer Vision and Image Understanding Manuscript Draft Manuscript Number: Title: Terrain Modelling from lidar range data in natural landscapes: a predictive and Bayesian framework Article Type: Special Issue: New Advanc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: The Earth's topography, including vegetation and human-made features, reduced to a virtual 3D representation is a key geographic layer for any extended development or risk management project. Processed from multiple aerial images, or from airborne lidar systems, the 3D topography is first represented as a point cloud. This article deals with the generation of Digital Terrain Models in natural landscapes. We present a global methodology for estimating the terrain height by deriving a predictive filter paradigm. Under the assumption that the terrain topography (elevation and slope) is regular in a neighbouring system, a predictive filter combines linearly the predicted topographic values and the effective measured values. In this paper, it is applied to 3D lidar data which are known to be of high altimetric accuracy. The algorithm generates an adaptive local geometry wherein the altimetric distribution of the point cloud is analysed. Since local terrain elevations depend on the local slope, a predictive filter is first applied on the slopes then on the terrain elevations. The algorithm propagates through the point cloud following specific rules in order to optimize the probability of computing areas containing terrain points. Considered as an initial surface, theprevious DTM is finally regularized in a Bayesian framework. Our approach is based on the definition of an energy function that manages the evolution of a terrain surface. The energy is designed as a compromise between a data attraction term and a regularization term. The minimum of this energy corresponds to the

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Biocorrosive Thermophilic Microbial Communities in Alaskan North Slope Oil Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Alaskan North Slope Oil Facilities Kathleen E. Duncan,in Alaskan North Slope oil production facilities. Title:in Alaskan North Slope Oil Facilities Authors: Kathleen E.

Duncan, Kathleen E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Real-Time streaming and rendering of terrains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Terrains and other geometric models have been traditionally stored locally. Their remote access presents the characteristics that are a combination of file serving and realtime streaming like audio-visual media. This paper presents a terrain streaming ...

Soumyajit Deb; Shiben Bhattacharjee; Suryakant Patidar; P. J. Narayanan

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Representing Drag on Unresolved Terrain as a Distributed Momentum Sink  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In numerical weather prediction models, drag on unresolved terrain is usually represented by augmenting the boundary drag on the model atmosphere, in terms of an effective surface roughness length. But as is shown here, if a terrain-following ...

John D. Wilson

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Instability Analysis of Terrain-Induced Canopy Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tall vegetation and complex terrain create difficult conditions for measuring and modeling net ecosystem–atmosphere exchanges of carbon, water vapor, and pollutants. The instability of canopy flow regimes over complex terrain is critical for ...

Chuixiang Yi

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Vibration-based terrain classification for electric powered wheelchairs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Automated terrain classification for electric powered wheelchairs (EPWs) has two primary motivations. First, certain terrains (e.g., sand and gravel) make wheelchair mobility more difficult. To alleviate this problem the wheelchair control system can ... Keywords: advanced wheelchair systems, electric powered wheelchairs, terrain classification, vibrations

Eric Coyle; Emmanuel G. Collins, Jr.; Edmond DuPont; Dan Ding; Hongwu Wang; Rory A. Cooper; Garrett Grindle

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Real-time tessellation of terrain on graphics hardware  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synthetic terrain is a key element in many applications, which can lessen the sense of realism if it is not handled correctly. We propose a new technique for visualizing terrain surfaces by tessellating them on the GPU. The presented algorithm introduces ... Keywords: GPU, Level of detail, Real-time rendering, Terrain simulation, Tessellation

Oscar Ripolles; Francisco Ramos; Anna Puig-Centelles; Miguel Chover

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Money for Idaho, Other DOE Sites Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Money for...

42

The Turbulence Structure of Nocturnal Slope Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the turbulence structure of nocturnal slope flow are used to test the hypothesis that slope flow turbulence in the region above the low-level wind maximum is decoupled from the surface and has a local structure similar to that ...

T. W. Horst; J. C. Doran

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Greater Ohio Ethanol LLC GO Ethanol | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ohio Ethanol LLC GO Ethanol Ohio Ethanol LLC GO Ethanol Jump to: navigation, search Name Greater Ohio Ethanol, LLC (GO Ethanol) Place Lima, Ohio Zip OH 45804 Product GO Ethanol is a pure play ethanol producer located in Ohio. Coordinates -12.0436°, -77.021217° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-12.0436,"lon":-77.021217,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

44

Electric Utility Terrain Vehicle Demonstration in a Military Base Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility terrain vehicles (UTVs), also called all terrain vehicles (ATVs), are used for a variety of purposes ranging from transporting people and materials to recreation. Examples of uses include transportation at military bases, for beach patrols, at ports, agricultural locations, industrial sites, and local/municipal applications such as at parks and schools. As of August 30, 2012 the Federal Highway Administration estimated that annual fuel usage of All-terrain vehicles to be approximately 173 ...

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

45

Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire) Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire) Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider NH Department of Environmental Services Alteration of Terrain Bureau

46

Unsteady Thermally Driven Flows on Gentle Slopes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theoretical and laboratory studies on mean velocity and temperature fields of an unsteady atmospheric boundary layer on sloping surfaces reported here were motivated by recent field observations on thermally driven circulation in very wide ...

J. C. R. Hunt; H. J. S. Fernando; M. Princevac

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Instabilities of Gravity Currents along a Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work examines the linear stability of rotationally influenced density currents with zero potential vorticity flowing over a sloping seafloor at the base of an ocean of finite depth. This configuration serves as a crude model of a type of ...

S. P. Meacham; J. C. Stephens

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

ALASKA NORTH SLOPE OIL AND GAS RESOURCES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Task 222.01.01 Alaska North Slope Oil and Gas A Promising Future or an Area in Decline? DOENETL-20071279 Full Report August 2007 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account...

49

Slope Control in Western Boundary Currents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytic solution is presented for the steady-state depth-averaged western boundary current flowing over the continental slope by combining three highly idealized models: the Stommel model, the Munk model, and the arrested topographic wave ...

Sang-Ki Lee; J. L. Pelegrí; John Kroll

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Continental Slope Flow Northeast of Taiwan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrographic observations and current measurements with a Shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler over the continental shelf–slope junction northeast of Taiwan during 10–17 August 1994 allow the construction of the mesoscale flow pattern ...

T. Y. Tang; Y. Hsueh; Y. J. Yang; J. C. Ma

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

North Slope export ban in repealed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Senate and House both approve a bill lifting the 20-year-old ban on exports from the North Slope. The importance of this action is described.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

March 13, 1968: Oil discovered on Alaska's North Slope | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

13, 1968: Oil discovered on Alaska's North Slope March 13, 1968: Oil discovered on Alaska's North Slope March 13, 1968: Oil discovered on Alaska's North Slope March 13, 1968 The...

53

Zigbee-based Internet of Things in 3D Terrains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the Zigbee-based Internet of Things (IoTs) in 3D terrains. A novel simulation model for IoT is proposed. The effects of various terrains, node's mobility and traffic loads are investigated in this study. Many comprehensive studies ...

Mu-Sheng Lin, Jenq-Shiou Leu, Kuen-Han Li, Jean-Lien C. Wu

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Rebate Program...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance provides rebate incentives for homeowners in Hamilton, Boone, Kenton, and Campbell counties. To qualify for rebates,...

55

Slope exploration slow but hopes remain high  

SciTech Connect

Alaska North Slope exploratory drilling has been sparse this winter. Attention focused on a pair of ARCO alaska Inc. wildcats in the West Colville high sector west of Kuparuk River oil field and two BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. wildcats in the Badami area at Mikkelson Bay. In both prospects, the drilling effort was to prove up more production that could support commercial development of the respective areas. Though there has been relatively little exploratory drilling this winter, both of the slope`s major producers have indicated they are far from finished with exploration in Alaska. The paper discusses the debate over the use of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, leasing and licensing, the federal leasing outlook, and Russian-US leasing.

NONE

1995-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

“Pycnobathic” Currents over the Upper Continental Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamic interaction of a sloping seafloor with along-isobath density variation is calculated for cases involving a sharp pycnocline and a surface-to-bottom front. Pycnocline depth is supposed to vary in the alongshore direction only, over a ...

G. T. Csanady

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Clean Cities: Greater Philadelphia Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Greater Philadelphia Clean Cities Coalition Greater Philadelphia Clean Cities Coalition The Greater Philadelphia Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Greater Philadelphia Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Tony Bandiero 215-990-8200 director@phillycleancities.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Tony Bandiero Photo of Tony Bandiero Tony Bandiero has a diverse background, from marketing manager with a high-tech micro-electronic manufacturer to his alternative fuels business development management for a petroleum construction company. His interest in the Clean Cities program was sparked in Long Island, NY (GLICC) where his former company was headquartered. Through his committee work with GLICC

58

Greater West Texas State Employee Charitable Campaign  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

together we changed lives Greater West Texas State Employee Charitable Campaign 2011 Annual Report campaign information 2011 Local Employee Committee Darcy Pollock (chair), Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center David Abercia, Texas Tech University Dianah Ascencio, Texas Department of Transportation

Rock, Chris

59

Multiple-Scale Terrain Forcing of Local Wind Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations and numerical simulations with a hydrostatic model are used to examine effects of regional and local terrain, synoptic forcing, and stability on the wind fields of an intermountain basin. The study area is centered on the Hanford ...

J. C. Doran; E. D. Skyllingstad

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

An Observational and Prognostic Numerical Investigation of Complex Terrain Dispersion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Studies in Complex Terrain Program conducted a field experiment at the interface of the Rocky Mountains and the Great Plains in the winter of 1991. Extensive meteorological observations were taken in northeastern Colorado near ...

Gregory S. Poulos; James E. Bossert

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Boundary-layer updrafts driven by airflow over heated terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents linear and nonlinear scalings for boundary-layer ascent forced by airflow over heated terrain and compares them to results from corresponding high-resolution numerical simulations. Close agreement between theory and simulation ...

Daniel J. Kirshbaum; Chun-Chih Wang

62

On the Computation of Gradients from Observations over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mathematical scheme is developed to compute the gradients of observations taken over complex terrain. The method is applied to an artificial example to demonstrate the scheme. An application is made to surface pressure observations between ...

Fred J. Kopp; Paul L. Smith; Harold D. Orville

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Flow over Heated Terrain. Part II: Generation of Convective Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have shown that thunderstorms in the Rocky Mountain region have preferred areas in which to form. There has been some indication that these areas depend on the midtropospheric wind direction. A nonhydrostatic model with a terrain-...

Donna F. Tucker; N. Andrew Crook

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Evaluation of an Air Pollution Analysis System for Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes results from a study to evaluate components of an operational air quality modeling system for complex terrain. In particular, the Cinder Cone Butte (CCB) “modeler's dataset” is used to evaluate the current technique for ...

D. G. Ross; D. G. Fox

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Implication of Spatial Averaging in Complex-Terrain Wind Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of wind over complex terrain have been conducted at three times and two locations in Northern California. Instrumentation included conventional cup-vane anemometers and optical anemometers with spatial averaging over path lengths of 0.6-1 ...

W. M. Porch

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Terrain database interoperability issues in training with distributed interactive simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Distributed Interactive Simulation (DIS), each participating node is responsible for maintaining its own model of the synthetic environment. Problems may arise if significant inconsistencies are allowed to exist between these separate world views, ... Keywords: distributed interactive simulation, terrain databases

Guy A. Schiavone; S. Sureshchandran; Kenneth C. Hardis

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

On Computing the Surface Horizontal Pressure Gradient over Elevated Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods are proposed for calculating the surface horizontal pressure gradient or geostrophic wind in a local area over elevated terrain from randomly spaced surface observations. These procedures avoid many of the problems associated with sea-...

Maurice Danard

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Computing Hydrostatic Potential Vorticity in Terrain-Following Coordinates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hydrostatic potential vorticity (HPV) formulated in terrain-following coordinates is reviewed and shown to be equivalent to the widely used HPV formulations in the height, pressure, and isentropic coordinates in the sense that they all ...

Jie Cao; Qin Xu

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

On Estimating Dry Deposition Rates in Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In complex terrain, horizontal advection and filtration through a canopy can add substantially to the vertical diffusion component assumed to be the dominant transfer mechanism in conventional deposition velocity formulations. To illustrate this, ...

Bruce B. Hicks

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Classification and modeling of forested terrain using LIDAR sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To operate autonomously, unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) must be able to identify the load-bearing surface of the terrain (i.e. the ground) and obstacles. Current sensing techniques work well for structured environments ...

McDaniel, Matthew W

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Improving visual quality of synthetic terrains using weathering simulation on graphics processing unit.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Visual simulation of natural eroded terrains using computer graphics has always been a fascinating research field. While many algorithms have been developed to improve terrain… (more)

Nguyen, Hoang Anh.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Clean Cities: Greater Indiana Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Indiana Clean Cities Coalition Indiana Clean Cities Coalition The Greater Indiana Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Greater Indiana Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Kellie L. Walsh 317-985-4380 kellie@greaterindiana.com Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Kellie L. Walsh Photo of Kellie L. Walsh Kellie Walsh has been the executive director for the Greater Indiana Clean Cities Coalition since 2002. In that time, she has assisted coalition stakeholders in securing over $14 million in federal and state funds to implement alternative fuel projects in both the public and private sectors. Walsh has been recognized by Senator Richard G. Lugar and Indiana's Lt. Governor Becky Skillman for her work in alternative fuels, especially

73

Clean Cities: Greater Lansing Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Lansing Clean Cities Coalition Lansing Clean Cities Coalition The Greater Lansing Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Greater Lansing Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Kristin Jobin 517-925-8649 ext. 12 kristin@michigancleancities.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Kristin Jobin Photo of Kristin Jobin Kristin Jobin is the Communications and Project Coordinator at Kuntzsch Business Services, Inc. (KBS), a Grand Ledge, Michigan based consultancy where Greater Lansing Area Clean Cities (GLACC) is managed. KBS is focused on building, managing and implementing initiatives that drive prosperity in the state. At KBS, Kristin supports the administration of grant funded

74

2010 Annual Report Greater West Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010 Annual Report Greater West Texas State Employee Charitable Campaign You will find, as you look- rized workplace campaign for state agency and higher education em- ployees throughout Texas. In 2010,717 and West Central Texas SECC raised $131,797 for a combined total of $957,514! · 4,608 state employees gave

Rock, Chris

75

Generating color terrain images in an emergency response system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) provides real-time assessments of the consequences resulting from an atmospheric release of radioactive material. In support of this operation, a system has been created which integrates numerical models, data acquisition systems, data analysis techniques, and professional staff. Of particular importance is the rapid generation of graphical images of the terrain surface in the vicinity of the accident site. A terrain data base and an associated acquisition system have been developed that provide the required terrain data. This data is then used as input to a collection of graphics programs which create and display realistic color images of the terrain. The graphics system currently has the capability of generating color shaded relief images from both overhead and perspective viewpoints within minutes. These images serve to quickly familiarize ARAC assessors with the terrain near the release location, and thus permit them to make better informed decisions in modeling the behavior of the released material. 7 refs., 8 figs.

Belles, R.D.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

On the Interactions of Internal Waves Reflecting from Slopes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Incident internal waves and those reflected from a uniform slope interact at second order. These interactions are considered for incident waves traveling obliquely to the slope in a uniformly stratified rotating fluid. It is found that (i) ...

S. A. Thorpe

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Mapping Of Volcanic Terrain, Yellowstone  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Mapping Of Volcanic Terrain, Yellowstone High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Mapping Of Volcanic Terrain, Yellowstone National Park Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: High-Resolution Aeromagnetic Mapping Of Volcanic Terrain, Yellowstone National Park Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: High-resolution aeromagnetic data acquired over Yellowstone National Park (YNP) show contrasting patterns reflecting differences in rock composition, types and degree of alteration, and crustal structures that mirror the variable geology of the Yellowstone Plateau. The older, Eocene, Absaroka Volcanic Supergroup, a series of mostly altered, andesitic volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks partially exposed in mountains on the eastern margin of YNP, produces high-amplitude, positive magnetic

78

Mining Deformation Features of Complex Engineering Slope via Safety Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonlinear regression model is presented in this article for mining deformation features of complex engineering slope on the basis of various monitoring data. It is aimed to discover the factors which have evident effect on slope deformation, as well ... Keywords: high steep slope, deformation mining, nonlinear regression, secular distortion, Jinping 1 hydropower station

Linwei Wang; Zaobao Liu; Dan Jin; Qingxiang Meng

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Real Time Physically-Based Modeling and Simulation of Cratering and Fragmentation of Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cratering and fragmentation of terrain due to eXplosions are the behaviors of interest in this effort. We propose a physically-based approach to model the eXplosion event and the process of terrain fragmentation resulting in the formation of craters. ... Keywords: dynamic terrain, eXplosion simulation, physics-based modeling, real time system, simulation, terrain database

Nabil Rami; Michael D. Proctor

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

All-Terrain Vehicle: Non-Road Electric Vehicle Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An all-terrain vehicle (ATV) is defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as one that travels on low-pressure tires, with a seat that is straddled by the operator or the operator and one passenger, along with handlebars for steering control. As the name implies, it is designed to handle a wider variety of terrain than most other vehicles. The gasoline-fueled four-wheel drive option is now the most popular type of ATV, with expanding uses in industries such as farming, ranching, and cons...

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A Novel Five Wheeled Rover for All Terrain Navigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new concept for rough terrain navigation of rovers. The proposed design has reduced number of joints and links from existing suspension concepts. The suspension mechanism is derived from planar four bar mechanism and hence we present ... Keywords: Four bar mechanism, linear programming and dynamics, singularity

Arun Kumar Singh; Arun H. Patil; Anup Kumar Saha

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Optimization and learning for rough terrain legged locomotion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel approach to legged locomotion over rough terrain that is thoroughly rooted in optimization. This approach relies on a hierarchy of fast, anytime algorithms to plan a set of footholds, along with the dynamic body motions required ... Keywords: Legged robots, adaptive control, mobile robotics, motion control, nonholonomic motion planning

Matt Zucker; Nathan Ratliff; Martin Stolle; Joel Chestnutt; J Andrew Bagnell; Christopher G Atkeson; James Kuffner

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Geolocation of Multiple Targets from Airborne Video Without Terrain Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The task of geolocating targets from airborne video is required for many applications in surveillance, law enforcement, reconnaissance, etc. The usual approaches to target geolocation involve terrain data, single target tracking, gimbal control of camera ... Keywords: Geolocation, IMU-Camera calibration, Tracking, Unmanned aerial vehicle

Kyung Min Han; Guilherme N. Desouza

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

ALASKA NORTH SLOPE OIL AND GAS RESOURCES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FFf Task 222.01.01 FFf Task 222.01.01 ADDENDUM REPORT Alaska North Slope Oil and Gas A Promising Future or an Area in Decline? DOE/NETL-2009/1385 April 2009 ii Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe probably owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

85

North Slope action holds West Coast spotlight  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first oil from a North Slope reservoir outside Prudhoe Bay will begin flowing next year at rate of 80,000 bpd from Kuparuk field now under development by Atlantic Richfield Co. west of Prudhoe Bay. Just north of the Kuparuk development, Conoco Inc. has found a commercial reservoir in the Milne Point unit and will be drilling confirmation and delineation wells later this year and in 1982. Another area which very likely will be developed for production is located northeast of Prudhoe Bay, where Sohio Alaska Petroleum Co. has announced discoveries in 2 Sag Delta wells. In California's San Joaquin Valley, 3 Kern County fields - South Belridge, Elk Hills, and Lost Hills - are the sites of intensive drilling. Seven rigs are working in the Santa Barbara Channel, 3 of them developing known fields from permanent platforms.

Wilson, H.M.

1981-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

86

PRODUCING SATELLITE-DERIVED IRRADIANCES IN COMPLEX ARID TERRAIN  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASES 2003, Austin TX and submitted for publication in Solar Energy ASES 2003, Austin TX and submitted for publication in Solar Energy PRODUCING SATELLITE-DERIVED IRRADIANCES IN COMPLEX ARID TERRAIN Richard Perez & Marek Kmiecik ASRC, the University at Albany 251 Fuller Rd. Albany, NY 12203 perez@asrc.cestm.albany.edu Pierre Ineichen, CUEPE, University of Geneva 7 Route de Drize 1227 Carouge, Switzerland Pierre.Ineichen@cuepe.unige.ch Marek Kmiecik, ASRC Kathleen Moore, IED 251 Fuller Rd. Albany, NY 12203 moore@iedat.com David Renne & Ray George NREL 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 drenne / ray_george@nrel.nrel.gov ABSTRACT This paper describes a methodology to correct satellite- derived irradiances over complex terrain. The correction applies to satellite models using visible images from geostationary satellites. 1. DESCRIPTION OF CURRENT MODEL

87

Development of a New Generation of Optical Slope Measuring Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A collaboration including all DOE synchrotron laboratories and industrial vendors of X-ray optics, and with active participation of the HBZ-BESSY-II optics group, has been established to work together on a new slope measuring profiler - the Optical Slope Measuring System (OSMS). The slope measurement accuracy of the instrument is expected to be ALS (March 26, 2010) and at the APS (May 6, 2010).

Yashchuk, V.V.; Takacs, P.; McKinney, W.R.; Assoufid, L.; Siewert, F.; Zeschke, T.

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

88

All-Terrain Vehicle: Non-Road Electric Vehicle Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An all-terrain vehicle (ATV) is defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as one that travels on low-pressure tires, with a seat that is straddled by the operator or the operator and one passenger, along with handlebars for steering control. Most ATVs are gas powered, but replacement of gas-powered ATVs with an electric equivalent could reduce emissions output, fuel consumption, and other petrochemical byproducts resulting from operation of these vehicles. An electric ATV offers all of ...

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

89

Atmospheric transport in complex terrain at Los Alamos, Area G  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the atmospheric dispersion used in the Area G Performance Assessment for off-site airborne dose calculations. Potential airborne contaminants from the mesa top disposal facility disperse in the complex terrain dominated by narrow mesas in parallel to narrow canyons. The dispersion is characterized by site-specific values of X/Q [(Ci/m{sup 3})/(Ci/s)] at each of two designated receptor locations, a {open_quote}maximum off-site dose{close_quote} location and a nearby population center (White Rock, NM). The values of X/Q in each of the sixteen wind sectors are first estimated with the CAP-88 computer code using 1992 annual meteorologic data from Area G and assuming an area source for release. This data captures the dominant wind direction on the mesa tops from the SSW. These dispersion parameters are assumed to apply to open, flat terrain and must be corrected for the complex mesa and canyon terrain terrain surrounding the Area G site. Additional meteorologic data has been collected over two years from six remote temporary meteorological stations operated on the mesas and in the canyons immediately around Area G. These data indicate that the wind flow in the canyons is exclusively bimodel, flowing up canyon during the day and down canyon at night. It is conservatively assumed that all ground level releases from Area G which blow out across an adjacent canyon become entrained in the canyon flow. This effectively combines the contaminant release for several sectors into a single canyon flow which is upstream during the day or downstream at night. This canyon channeling mechanism is implemented in the model by summing the wind sector dispersion factors over those sectors appropriate to the geometry for a release from Area G toward either adjacent canyon.

Vold, E.L.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

North Slope of Alaska ARM Climate Research Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Emergency Response Plan June 2010 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility North Slope of AlaskaAdjacent Arctic Ocean Emergency Response Plan Purpose The...

91

Exploring the Possible Role of Small-Scale Terrain Drag on Stable Boundary Layers over Land  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the possible role of unresolved terrain drag, relative to the turbulent drag on the development of the stable atmospheric boundary layer over land. Adding a first-order estimate for terrain drag to the turbulent drag appears ...

G. J. Steeneveld; A. A. M. Holtslag; C. J. Nappo; B. J. H. van de Wiel; L. Mahrt

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Plume Dispersion Anomalies in a Nocturnal Urban Boundary Layer in Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The URBAN 2000 experiments were conducted in the complex urban and topographical terrain in Salt Lake City, Utah, in stable nighttime conditions. Unexpected plume dispersion often arose because of the interaction of complex terrain and mountain–...

Dennis Finn; Kirk L. Clawson; Roger G. Carter; Jason D. Rich; K. Jerry Allwine

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Wind Regimes in Complex Terrain of the Great Valley of Eastern Tennessee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research was designed to provide an understanding of physical wind mechanisms within the complex terrain of the Great Valley of Eastern Tennessee to assess the impacts of regional air flow with regard to synoptic and mesoscale weather changes, wind direction shifts, and air quality. Meteorological data from 2008 2009 were analyzed from 13 meteorological sites along with associated upper level data. Up to 15 ancillary sites were used for reference. Two-step complete linkage and K-means cluster analyses, synoptic weather studies, and ambient meteorological comparisons were performed to generate hourly wind classifications. These wind regimes revealed seasonal variations of underlying physical wind mechanisms (forced channeled, vertically coupled, pressure-driven, and thermally-driven winds). Synoptic and ambient meteorological analysis (mixing depth, pressure gradient, pressure gradient ratio, atmospheric and surface stability) suggested up to 93% accuracy for the clustered results. Probabilistic prediction schemes of wind flow and wind class change were developed through characterization of flow change data and wind class succession. Data analysis revealed that wind flow in the Great Valley was dominated by forced channeled winds (45 67%) and vertically coupled flow (22 38%). Down-valley pressure-driven and thermally-driven winds also played significant roles (0 17% and 2 20%, respectively), usually accompanied by convergent wind patterns (15 20%) and large wind direction shifts, especially in the Central/Upper Great Valley. The behavior of most wind regimes was associated with detectable pressure differences between the Lower and Upper Great Valley. Mixing depth and synoptic pressure gradients were significant contributors to wind pattern behavior. Up to 15 wind classes and 10 sub-classes were identified in the Central Great Valley with 67 joined classes for the Great Valley at-large. Two-thirds of Great Valley at-large flow was defined by 12 classes. Winds flowed on-axis only 40% of the time. The Great Smoky Mountains helped create down-valley pressure-driven winds, downslope mountain breezes, and divergent air flow. The Cumberland Mountains and Plateau were associated with wind speed reductions in the Central Great Valley, Emory Gap Flow, weak thermally-driven winds, and northwesterly down sloping. Ridge-and-valley terrain enhanced wind direction reversals, pressure-driven winds, as well as locally and regionally produced thermally-driven flow.

Birdwell, Kevin R [ORNL

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Numerical Simulation of Katabatic Flow with Changing Slope Angle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large eddy simulation (LES) model and the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) model, which does not resolve turbulent eddies, are used to study the effect of a slope angle decrease on the structure of katabatic slope flows. For a simple, ...

Craig M. Smith; Eric D. Skyllingstad

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Analysis on Uranic Slope Stability Based on Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How to accurately predict the occurrence of landslides, and it has become one of the troubles in the mining process. The author made a brief introduction of artificial neural network and BP network model in this paper, and also analysis some important ... Keywords: Uranic slope, neural network, Forecast network model, safety of slope

Yufeng Zhu; Xiaoli Ding; Zhiwei Li; Shijian Zhou

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Project Aids Development of Legacy Oilfield on Alaska's North Slope |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Aids Development of Legacy Oilfield on Alaska's North Project Aids Development of Legacy Oilfield on Alaska's North Slope Project Aids Development of Legacy Oilfield on Alaska's North Slope October 18, 2013 - 11:52am Addthis Project Aids Development of Legacy Oilfield on Alaska’s North Slope Quick Facts The National Petroleum Reserve was created by President Warren G, Harding in 1923 when the U.S. Navy was converting from coal to oil. The reserve spans 22 million acres across the western North Slope of Alaska-the largest single unit of public lands in the nation. The 800-mile-long trans-Alaska pipeline carries oil from Prudhoe Bay, on Alaska's North Slope, to Valdez, Alaska, the nearest ice-free port. More than 16 million barrels of oil have traveled through the pipeline since the first barrel flowed in 1977.

97

Project Aids Development of Legacy Oilfield on Alaska's North Slope |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Aids Development of Legacy Oilfield on Alaska's North Project Aids Development of Legacy Oilfield on Alaska's North Slope Project Aids Development of Legacy Oilfield on Alaska's North Slope October 18, 2013 - 11:52am Addthis Project Aids Development of Legacy Oilfield on Alaska’s North Slope Quick Facts The National Petroleum Reserve was created by President Warren G, Harding in 1923 when the U.S. Navy was converting from coal to oil. The reserve spans 22 million acres across the western North Slope of Alaska-the largest single unit of public lands in the nation. The 800-mile-long trans-Alaska pipeline carries oil from Prudhoe Bay, on Alaska's North Slope, to Valdez, Alaska, the nearest ice-free port. More than 16 million barrels of oil have traveled through the pipeline since the first barrel flowed in 1977.

98

The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership: Greater Energy Security...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership: Greater Energy Security in a Cleaner, Safer World The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership: Greater Energy Security in a Cleaner, Safer World...

99

Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide for State Government Officials. November 2009 Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide for State...

100

On-the-Fly Decompression and Rendering of Multiresolution Terrain  

SciTech Connect

We present a streaming geometry compression codec for multiresolution, uniformly-gridded, triangular terrain patches that supports very fast decompression. Our method is based on linear prediction and residual coding for lossless compression of the full-resolution data. As simplified patches on coarser levels in the hierarchy already incur some data loss, we optionally allow further quantization for more lossy compression. The quantization levels are adaptive on a per-patch basis, while still permitting seamless, adaptive tessellations of the terrain. Our geometry compression on such a hierarchy achieves compression ratios of 3:1 to 12:1. Our scheme is not only suitable for fast decompression on the CPU, but also for parallel decoding on the GPU with peak throughput over 2 billion triangles per second. Each terrain patch is independently decompressed on the fly from a variable-rate bitstream by a GPU geometry program with no branches or conditionals. Thus we can store the geometry compressed on the GPU, reducing storage and bandwidth requirements throughout the system. In our rendering approach, only compressed bitstreams and the decoded height values in the view-dependent 'cut' are explicitly stored on the GPU. Normal vectors are computed in a streaming fashion, and remaining geometry and texture coordinates, as well as mesh connectivity, are shared and re-used for all patches. We demonstrate and evaluate our algorithms on a small prototype system in which all compressed geometry fits in the GPU memory and decompression occurs on the fly every rendering frame without any cache maintenance.

Lindstrom, P; Cohen, J D

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Production, development outlook bright on Alaska North Slope  

SciTech Connect

Alaskan North Slope operators continue to press efforts to bolster oil flow from currently producing fields in the province, notably giants Prudhoe Bay and Kuparuk River. This is occurring against a backdrop of an improving political climate at the federal and state levels for the future of North Slope production. North Slope operators also have programs aimed at developing marginal fields and sustaining exploration. The paper discusses Prudhoe Bay developments, efforts to improve oil recovery, the Kuparuk River field, ARCO gas prospects, changing politics, and royalty changes.

NONE

1995-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

102

Development of a new generation of optical slope measuring profiler  

SciTech Connect

We overview the results of a broad US collaboration, including all DOE synchrotron labs (ALS, APS, BNL, NSLS-II, LLNL, LCLS), major industrial vendors of x-ray optics (InSync, Inc., SSG Precision Optronics-Tinsley, Inc., Optimax Systems, Inc.), and with active participation of HBZ-BESSY-II optics group, on development of a new generation slope measuring profiler -- the optical slope measuring system (OSMS). The desired surface slope measurement accuracy of the instrument is<50 nrad (absolute) that is adequate to the current and foreseeable future needs for metrology of x-ray optics for the next generation of light sources.

Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; Takacs, Peter Z.; McKinney, Wayne R.; Assoufid, Lahsen

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

103

Natural gas hydrates of the Prudhoe Bay and Kuparuk River area, North Slope, Alaska  

SciTech Connect

Gas hydrates are crystalline substances composed of water and gas, mainly methane, in which a solid-water lattice accommodates gas molecules in a cage-like structure, or clathrate. These substances commonly have been regarded as a potential unconventional source of natural gas because of their enormous gas-storage capacity. Significant quantities of naturally occurring gas hydrates have been detected in many regions of the Arctic, including Siberia, the Mackenzie River Delta, and the North Slope of Alaska. On the North Slope, the methane-hydrate stability zone is a really extensive beneath most of the coastal plain province and has thicknesses greater than 1000 m in the Prudhoe Bay area. Gas hydrates have been inferred to occur in 50 North Slope exploratory and production wells on the basis of well-log responses calibrated to the response of an interval in a well where gas hydrates were recovered in a core by ARCO and Exxon. Most North Slope gas hydrates occur in six laterally continuous lower Tertiary sandstones and conglomerates; all these gas hydrates are geographically restricted to the area overlying the eastern part of the Kuparuk River oil field and the western part of the Prudhoe Bay oil field. The volume of gas within these gas hydrates is estimated to be about 1.0 [times] 10[sup 12] to 1.2 [times] 10[sup 12] m[sup 3] (37 to 44 tcf), or about twice the volume of conventional gas in the Prudhoe Bay field. 52 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

Collett, T.S. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States))

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

The Use of Satellite Imagery and Surface Pressure-Gradient Analysis Modified for Sloping Terrain to Analyze the Mesoscale Events Preceding the Severe Hailstorms of 2 August 1986  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conditions leading up to an outbreak of severe hailstorms in northeast Colorado are examined using satellite and surface data. A persistent mesoscale ridge of surface-high pressure, caused by outflow from a mesoscale- convective system, is seen ...

John F. Weaver; James J. Toth

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Newly Installed Alaska North Slope Well Will Test Innovative Hydrate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Newly Installed Alaska North Slope Well Will Test Innovative Newly Installed Alaska North Slope Well Will Test Innovative Hydrate Production Technologies Newly Installed Alaska North Slope Well Will Test Innovative Hydrate Production Technologies May 17, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A fully instrumented well that will test innovative technologies for producing methane gas from hydrate deposits has been safely installed on the North Slope of Alaska. As a result, the "Iġnik Sikumi" (Iñupiaq for "fire in the ice") gas hydrate field trial well will be available for field experiments as early as winter 2011-12. The well, the result of a partnership between ConocoPhillips and the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) National Energy Technology Laboratory, will test a technology that involves injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) into sandstone

106

Katabatic Flow Mechanisms on a Low-Angle Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Momentum and heat budget equations for katabatic flows on sloping surfaces are revisited. Terms in these equations are evaluated using wind and potential temperature data from four tethered-balloon data collection systems on a 3-km line running ...

Thomas Haiden; C. David Whiteman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Alaska North Slope Crude Oil Production (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Alaska North Slope Crude Oil Production (Thousand Barrels per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: 1,524: 1,621 ...

108

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Projects: Alaska North Slope Oil and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alaska North Slope Oil and Gas Transportation Support System Last Reviewed 6172013 DE-FE0001240 Goal The primary objectives of this project are to develop analysis and management...

109

Observations of Boundary Mixing over the Continental Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of mixing over the continental slope using a towed body reveal a great lateral extent (several kilometers) of continuously turbulent fluid within a few hundred meters of the boundary at depth 1600 m. The largest turbulent dissipation ...

J. N. Moum; D. R. Caldwell; J. D. Nash; G. D. Gunderson

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Alaska North Slope Crude Oil Production (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Alaska North Slope Crude Oil Production (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's: 556,265: 591,506 ...

111

Satellite Evidence of Enhanced Upwelling Along the European Continental Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TIROS-N AVHRR imagery is used to describe a persistent but localized band of upwelling which follows the contours of the European continental slope from the Porcupine Seabight (southwest of Ireland) to the Bay of Biscay. Its persistent occurrence,...

Robert R. Dickson; Paul A. Gurbutt; V. Narayana Pillai

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Newly Installed Alaska North Slope Well Will Test Innovative...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the North Slope of Alaska. As a result, the "Inik Sikumi" (Iupiaq for "fire in the ice") gas hydrate field trial well will be available for field experiments as early as...

113

Heat Transfer in Projecting and Sloped Fenestration Products  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heat Transfer in Projecting and Sloped Fenestration Products Speaker(s): Dragan Charlie Curcija Date: May 26, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 The heat transfer performance of...

114

Hadronic cross sections, elastic slope and physical bounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An almost model-independent parametrization for the ratio of the total hadronic cross section to elastic slope is discussed. Its applicability in studies of asymptotia and analyses of extensive air shower in cosmic-ray physics is also outlined.

Fagundes, D. A.; Menon, M. J. [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, UNICAMP, 13083-859 Campinas SP (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

115

Slope-Enhanced Fission of Salty Hetons under Sea Ice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ocean responses to a single brine source under ice and over a sloping bottom are investigated in numerical experiments. Brine sources considered herein are often much stronger than that anticipated from a single seawater freezing event in a time ...

Shenn-Yu Chao; Ping-Tung Shaw

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Modulation of erosion on steep granitic slopes by boulder armoring, as revealed by cosmogenic 26  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modulation of erosion on steep granitic slopes by boulder armoring, as revealed by cosmogenic 26 Al. In contrast, steep slopes lacking a boulder lag erode much more quickly than gentle slopes. Boulder armoring

Kirchner, James W.

117

Boundary Layer under Near-Inertial Internal Waves over a Critically Sloping Bottom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Internal waves reflecting off sloping bottoms have been shown to have boundary-layer scales proportional to ?½ (? is viscosity). As the characteristic slope of the wave approaches the slope of the bottom, the boundary-layer scale increases ...

R. Lee Gordon

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Crude Oil Production from Greater...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Million Barrels) Gulf of Mexico Federal Offshore Crude Oil Production from Greater than 200 Meters Deep (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

119

Atmospheric studies in complex terrain: a planning guide for future studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to assist the US Department of Energy in Conducting its atmospheric studies in complex terrain (ASCOT0 by defining various complex terrain research systems and relating these options to specific landforms sites. This includes: (1) reviewing past meteorological and diffusion research on complex terrain; (2) relating specific terrain-induced airflow phenomena to specific landforms and time and space scales; (3) evaluating the technical difficulty of modeling and measuring terrain-induced airflow phenomena; and (4) avolving severdal research options and proposing candidate sites for continuing and expanding field and modeling work. To evolve research options using variable candidate sites, four areas were considered: site selection, terrain uniqueness and quantification, definition of research problems and research plans. 36 references, 111 figures, 20 tables.

Orgill, M.M.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Multilinguisme, variation, contact. Des pratiques langagières sur le terrain à l'analyse de corpus hétérogènes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ce mémoire de synthèse présente un premier chapitre de positionnements épistémologiques (pratiques langagières, construction des objets, des données et des corpus, linguistique de terrain impliquée,… (more)

Léglise, Isabelle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Slope Error Measurement Tool for Solar Parabolic Trough Collectors: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed an optical measurement tool for parabolic solar collectors that measures the combined errors due to absorber misalignment and reflector slope error. The combined absorber alignment and reflector slope errors are measured using a digital camera to photograph the reflected image of the absorber in the collector. Previous work using the image of the reflection of the absorber finds the reflector slope errors from the reflection of the absorber and an independent measurement of the absorber location. The accuracy of the reflector slope error measurement is thus dependent on the accuracy of the absorber location measurement. By measuring the combined reflector-absorber errors, the uncertainty in the absorber location measurement is eliminated. The related performance merit, the intercept factor, depends on the combined effects of the absorber alignment and reflector slope errors. Measuring the combined effect provides a simpler measurement and a more accurate input to the intercept factor estimate. The minimal equipment and setup required for this measurement technique make it ideal for field measurements.

Stynes, J. K.; Ihas, B.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Breaking Criterion and Characteristics for Solitary Waves on Slopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shoaling and breaking of solitary waves is computed on slopes 1:100 to 1:8 using an experimentally validated fully nonlinear wave model based on potential flow equations. Characteristics of waves are computed at and beyond the breaking point, and geometric self-similarities of breakers are discussed as a function of wave height and bottom slope. No wave breaks for slopes steeper than 12 . A breaking criterion is derived for milder slopes, based on values of a nondimensional slope parameter o . This criterion predicts both whether waves will break or not and which type of breaking will occur (spilling, plunging, or surging). Empirical expressions for the breaking index and for the depth and celerity at breaking are derived based on computations. All results agree well with laboratory experiments. The NSW equations fail to predict these results with sufficient accuracy at the breaking point. Pre-breaking shoaling rates follow a more complex path than previously realized. Post-breaking behaviors exhibit a rapid (non-dissipative) decay, also observed in experiments, associated with a transfer of potential energy into kinetic energy. Wave celerity decreases in this zone of rapid decay.

S. T. Grilli; I.A. Svendsen; Member Asce; Member Asce; R. Subramanya

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Ultrawideband radar clutter measurements of forested terrain, 1991--1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ultrawideband (UWB) radar clutter measurements project was conducted to provide radar clutter data for new ultrawideband radar systems which are currently under development. A particular goal of this project is to determine if conventional narrow band clutter data may be extrapolated to the UWB case. This report documents measurements conducted in 1991 and additional measurements conducted in 1992. The original project consisted of clutter measurements of forested terrain in the Olympic National Forest near Sequim, WA. The impulse radar system used a 30 kW peak impulse source with a 2 Gigasample/second digitizer to form a UHF (300--1000 MHz) ultrawideband impulse radar system. Additional measurements were conducted in parallel using a Systems Planning Corporation (SPC) step-chirp radar system. This system utilized pulse widths of 1330 nanoseconds over a bandwidth of 300--1000 MHz to obtain similar resolution to the impulse system. Due to the slow digitizer data throughput in the impulse radar system, data collection rates were significantly higher using the step-chirp system. Additional forest clutter measurements were undertaken in 1992 to increase the amount of data available, and especially to increase the amount of data from the impulse radar system.

Sheen, D.M.; Severtsen, R.H.; Prince, J.M.; Davis, K.C.; Collins, H.D.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

An augmented reality system for military operations in urban terrain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many future military operations are expected to occur in urban environments. These complex, 3D battlefields introduce many challenges to the dismounted warfighter. Better situational awareness is required for effective operation in urban environments. However, delivering this information to the dismounted warfighter is extremely difficult. For example, maps draw a user's attention away from the environment and cannot directly represent the three-dimensional nature of the terrain. To overcome these difficulties, we are developing the Battlefield Augmented Reality System (BARS). The system consists of a wearable computer, a wireless network system, and a tracked see-through head-mounted display (HMD). The computer generates graphics that, from the user's perspective, appear to be aligned with the actual environment. For example, a building could be augmented to show its name, a plan of its interior, icons to represent reported sniper locations, and the names of adjacent streets. This paper surveys the current state of development of BARS and describes ongoing research efforts. We describe four major research areas. The first is the development of an effective, efficient user interface for displaying data and processing user inputs. The second is the capability for collaboration between multiple BARS users and other systems. Third, we describe the current hardware for both a mobile and indoor prototype system. Finally, we

Mark A. Livingston; Mark A. Livingston; Lawrence J. Rosenblum; Simon J. Julier; Dennis Brown; Yohan Baillot; J. Edward; Swan Ii; Joseph L. Gabbard; Deborah Hix

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

North Slope Borough Power & Light | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Slope Borough Power & Light Slope Borough Power & Light Jump to: navigation, search Name North Slope Borough Power & Light Place Alaska Utility Id 26616 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location AK Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Aged or Handicapped(seniors over 60) Residential Aged or Handicapped(seniors over 60) for Nuiqsut only Residential Commercial(Including Heat Trace) Commercial Commercial(Including Heat Trace) for Nuiqsut Commercial Residential Residential Residential (For Nuiqsut) Residential

126

Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Loan Program (Ohio) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Loan Program Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Loan Program (Ohio) Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Loan Program (Ohio) < Back Savings Category Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Solar Program Info State Ohio Program Type Local Loan Program The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance provides loans for single family residencies and owner occupied duplexes in Hamilton county in Ohio and Boone, Kenton, and Campbell counties in Kentucky. To qualify for loans, homeowners must receive a [http://www.greatercea.org/residential-energy-efficiency Home Performance

127

Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Rebate Program (Ohio) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Rebate Program Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Rebate Program (Ohio) Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Rebate Program (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Ohio Program Type Local Rebate Program Rebate Amount Home energy assessment: $100 (for homes under 3000 sq/ft) Rebates up to %50 for improvements specified in your energy assessment report The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance provides rebate incentives for

128

Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide for State Government Officials Prepared by The National Council on Electricity Policy November 2009 NATIONAL COUNCIL...

129

Dr. Bill Brinkman: Working Towards Greater Energy Security |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working Towards Greater Energy Security September 7, 2012 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One International Innovation, September 2012 International Innovation, September...

130

Terrain modeling with multifractional Brownian motion and self-regulating processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approximate scale-invariance and local regularity properties of natural terrains suggest that they can be a accurately modeled with random processes which are locally fractal. Current models for terrain modeling include fractional and multifractional ... Keywords: (multifractional)brownian motion, digital elevation models, hölderian regularity

Antoine Echelard; Jacques Lévy Véhel; Olivier Barrière

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Rapid gravity and gravity gradiometry terrain corrections via an adaptive quadtree mesh discretization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid gravity and gravity gradiometry terrain corrections via an adaptive quadtree mesh discretization Kristofer Davis1,2 M. Andy Kass1 Yaoguo Li1 1 Center for Gravity, Electrical, and Magnetic Studies of gravity gradiometry surveys utilising an adaptive quadtree mesh discretization. The data- and terrain

132

A Model for Objective Simulation of Boundary-Layer Winds in an Area of Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An objective analysis model is formulated to simulate the boundary-layer wind field in an area of complex terrain on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. The model is designed to reproduce the effects of the terrain on the undisturbed trade wind flow in ...

D. André Erasmus

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Rough Terrain Autonomous Mobility—Part 2: An Active Vision, Predictive Control Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Off-road autonomous navigation is one of the most difficult automation challenges from the point of view of constraints on mobility, speed of motion, lack of environmental structure, density of hazards, and typical lack of prior information. ... Keywords: autonomous vehicles, goal-seeking, mobile robots, obstacle avoidance, requirements analysis, rough terrain mobility, terrain mapping, trajectory generation

Alonzo Kelly; Anthony Stentz

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Optimization of scale and parametrization for terrain segmentation: An application to soil-landscape modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a procedure to optimize parametrization and scale for terrain-based environmental modeling. The workflow was exemplified on crop yield data, which is assumed to represent a proxy for soil productivity. Focal mean statistics were used ... Keywords: Curvature, Focal mean statistics, OBIA, Regression, Soil productivity., Terrain segmentation

Lucian Drgu; Thomas Schauppenlehner; Andreas Muhar; Josef Strobl; Thomas Blaschke

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

I/o-efficient efficient algorithms for computing contours on a terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A terrain M is the graph of a bivariate function. We assume that M is represented as a triangulated surface with N vertices. A contour (or isoline) of M is a connected component of a level set of M. Generically, each contour is a closed ... Keywords: contours, geographical information systems, i/o-efficient algorithms, terrains

Pankaj K. Agarwal; Lars Arge; Thomas Mølhave; Bardia Sadri

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2004 North Slope of Alaska 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment E. R. Westwater, M. A. Klein, and V. Leuski Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado A. J. Gasiewski, T. Uttal, and D. A. Hazen National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado D. Cimini Remote Sensing Division, CETEMPS Universita' dell'Aquila L'Aquila, Italy V. Mattioli Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettronica e dell'Informazione Perugia, Italy B. L. Weber and S. Dowlatshahi Science Technology Corporation Boulder, Colorado J. A. Shaw Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

137

Interaction of a Warm Ring with the Western Slope in the Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Between November 1985 and May 1986, a warm ring encountered the western slope in the Gulf of Mexico, moved away from the slope, and began to dissipate. Before encountering the slope, the ring was quasi-circular. After encountering the slope, it ...

Fred M. Vukovich; Evans Waddell

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Clean Cities: Greater Long Island Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Greater Long Island Clean Cities Coalition Greater Long Island Clean Cities Coalition The Greater Long Island Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Greater Long Island Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Rita D. Ebert 631-504-5771 rebert@gliccc.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Rita D. Ebert Photo of Rita D. Ebert Rita D. Ebert is the key staff member of the Greater Long Island Clean Cities Coalition since 2007, where she is the Program Coordinator. She administers all contractual and reporting duties for approximately $10 million dollars in federal Congestion Mitigation Air Quality (CMAQ) funding and close to $15 million dollars in DOE's Clean Cities American Recovery Reinvestment Act funding. As coordinator of one of the nation's largest

139

The Snowmass Points and Slopes: Benchmarks for SUSY Searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ``Snowmass Points and Slopes'' (SPS) are a set of benchmark points and parameter lines in the MSSM parameter space corresponding to different scenarios in the search for Supersymmetry at present and future experiments. This set of benchmarks was agreed upon at the 2001 ``Snowmass Workshop on the Future of Particle Physics'' as a consensus based on different existing proposals.

B. C. Allanach; M. Battaglia; G. A. Blair; M. Carena; A. De Roeck; A. Dedes; A. Djouadi; D. Gerdes; N. Ghodbane; J. Gunion; H. E. Haber; T. Han; S. Heinemeyer; J. L. Hewett; I. Hinchliffe; J. Kalinowski; H. E. Logan; S. P. Martin; H. -U. Martyn; K. T. Matchev; S. Moretti; F. Moortgat; G. Moortgat-Pick; S. Mrenna; U. Nauenberg; Y. Okada; K. A. Olive; W. Porod; M. Schmitt; S. Su; C. E. M. Wagner; G. Weiglein; J. Wells; G. W. Wilson; P. Zerwas

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

140

Wind Stress from Wave Slopes Using Phillips Equilibrium Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An open ocean, deep water air–sea interaction experiment was conducted in the Gulf of Alaska. Wave amplitude and slope data were measured using a WAVEC heave, pitch, and roll buoy that was let drift in the Alaska gyre. Wind stress estimates were ...

Barbara-Ann Juszko; Richard F. Marsden; Sherman R. Waddell

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

A Theoretical Study of Mountain Barrier Jets over Sloping Valleys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A shallow-water model is developed to examine the dynamics of mountain-barrier jets over a mesoscale sloping valley between two mountain ridges. In this model, the cold air trapped in the valley is represented by a shallow-water layer that is ...

Qin Xu; Ming Liu; Douglas L. Westphal

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Wind-Driven Motion near a Shelf-Slope Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional, two-layered frontal system is used to examine the wind-driven motion near a shelf-slope front. In the linear regime, the along-frontal current is characterized by barotropic perturbations. The front is dynamically passive and ...

Hsien Wang Ou

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

On the Pressure Field in the Slope Wind Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been suggested by some authors that the momentum equation for thermally driven slope flow should contain a horizontal pressure gradient term, in addition to the buoyancy term. It is shown that this suggestion is incorrect and leads to a ...

T. Haiden

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Settlement Prediction, Gas Modeling and Slope Stability Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Settlement Prediction, Gas Modeling and Slope Stability Analysis in Coll Cardús Landfill Li Yu using mechanical models Simulation of gas generation, transport and extraction in MSW landfill 1 models Simulation of gas generation, transport and extraction in MSW landfill 1) Analytical solution

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

145

Relationship between System Slope and Updraft Intensity in Squall Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years there has been debate about whether squall lines have an “optimal state.” It has been repeatedly demonstrated that the slope of a squall line’s convective region is related to the comparative magnitudes of the squall line’s cold ...

Matthew D. Parker

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Accelerating Dense-Water Flow down a Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Where water is denser on a shallow shelf than in the adjacent deep ocean, it tends to flow down the slope from shelf to ocean. The flow can be in a steady bottom boundary layer for moderate combinations of upslope density gradient ??x? and bottom ...

John M. Huthnance

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Effects of Continental Slope on the Mean Shelf Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Csanady's (1978) theory on the mean shelf circulation in a homogeneous ocean was re-examined by including effects of a continental slope. The results suggested that the mean southwestward flow on the Mid-Atlantic Blight is driven by an inflow ...

Dong-Ping Wang

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Wind-Forced Downwelling Slope Currents: A Numerical Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study is made of the dynamics of slope currents that arise from a steady, constant alongshore wind over a uniform shelf. Over the first 10–20 days, the evolution of the downwelled system on an f plane is qualitatively described by linear ...

John F. Middleton; Mauro Cirano

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Observations of Hurricane-Generated, Near-Inertial Slope Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Velocity Profiles and current meter measurements taken near Site D(39°10?N, 70°00?W) on the continental rise south of New England are used to study the variability of the near-inertial wave field along a sloping bottom. While the typical vertical ...

D. Y. Lai; T. B. Sanford

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Greater Sun Center, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Center, Florida: Energy Resources Center, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 27.718086°, -82.351759° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.718086,"lon":-82.351759,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

151

Greater Carrollwood, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carrollwood, Florida: Energy Resources Carrollwood, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 28.0544223°, -82.5131717° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":28.0544223,"lon":-82.5131717,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

152

Greater Northdale, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northdale, Florida: Energy Resources Northdale, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 28.104178°, -82.518366° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":28.104178,"lon":-82.518366,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

153

Alaska North Slope Tundra Travel Model and Validation Study  

SciTech Connect

The Alaska Department of Natural Resources (DNR), Division of Mining, Land, and Water manages cross-country travel, typically associated with hydrocarbon exploration and development, on Alaska's arctic North Slope. This project is intended to provide natural resource managers with objective, quantitative data to assist decision making regarding opening of the tundra to cross-country travel. DNR designed standardized, controlled field trials, with baseline data, to investigate the relationships present between winter exploration vehicle treatments and the independent variables of ground hardness, snow depth, and snow slab thickness, as they relate to the dependent variables of active layer depth, soil moisture, and photosynthetically active radiation (a proxy for plant disturbance). Changes in the dependent variables were used as indicators of tundra disturbance. Two main tundra community types were studied: Coastal Plain (wet graminoid/moist sedge shrub) and Foothills (tussock). DNR constructed four models to address physical soil properties: two models for each main community type, one predicting change in depth of active layer and a second predicting change in soil moisture. DNR also investigated the limited potential management utility in using soil temperature, the amount of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) absorbed by plants, and changes in microphotography as tools for the identification of disturbance in the field. DNR operated under the assumption that changes in the abiotic factors of active layer depth and soil moisture drive alteration in tundra vegetation structure and composition. Statistically significant differences in depth of active layer, soil moisture at a 15 cm depth, soil temperature at a 15 cm depth, and the absorption of photosynthetically active radiation were found among treatment cells and among treatment types. The models were unable to thoroughly investigate the interacting role between snow depth and disturbance due to a lack of variability in snow depth cover throughout the period of field experimentation. The amount of change in disturbance indicators was greater in the tundra communities of the Foothills than in those of the Coastal Plain. However the overall level of change in both community types was less than expected. In Coastal Plain communities, ground hardness and snow slab thickness were found to play an important role in change in active layer depth and soil moisture as a result of treatment. In the Foothills communities, snow cover had the most influence on active layer depth and soil moisture as a result of treatment. Once certain minimum thresholds for ground hardness, snow slab thickness, and snow depth were attained, it appeared that little or no additive effect was realized regarding increased resistance to disturbance in the tundra communities studied. DNR used the results of this modeling project to set a standard for maximum permissible disturbance of cross-country tundra travel, with the threshold set below the widely accepted standard of Low Disturbance levels (as determined by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service). DNR followed the modeling project with a validation study, which seemed to support the field trial conclusions and indicated that the standard set for maximum permissible disturbance exhibits a conservative bias in favor of environmental protection. Finally DNR established a quick and efficient tool for visual estimations of disturbance to determine when investment in field measurements is warranted. This Visual Assessment System (VAS) seemed to support the plot disturbance measurements taking during the modeling and validation phases of this project.

Harry R. Bader; Jacynthe Guimond

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Observations of a Terrain-Forced Mesoscale Vortex and Canyon Drainage Flows along the Front Range of Colorado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations taken during the February 1991 Atmospheric Studies in Complex Terrain (ASCOT) Winter Validation Study are used to describe the wind field associated with a terrain-forced mesoscale vortex and thermally forced canyon drainage flows ...

David H. Levinson; Robert M. Banta

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

DOE prepared for Greater Sage-Grouse designation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on INL Site lek during early spring. Click on image to enlarge On March 5, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service released its findings on a multi-year study of greater sage-grouse,...

156

Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Disposal of Greater...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for the Disposal of Greater-Than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste and GTCC-Like Waste WASHINGTON The Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Draft Environmental...

157

Heat Transfer in Projecting and Sloped Fenestration Products  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heat Transfer in Projecting and Sloped Fenestration Products Heat Transfer in Projecting and Sloped Fenestration Products Speaker(s): Dragan Charlie Curcija Date: May 26, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 The heat transfer performance of fenestration products is routinely determined using computer simulations combined with physical testing. Initial efforts to develop simulation and test procedures for the fenestration products in the 1980's focused on simple planar windows since they are the dominant share of the market. However, once these procedures were developed (with resulting ISO standards and national rating and labeling requirements), manufacturers of more physically complex fenestration products (skylights, green house windows, tubular skylights) demanded procedures for simulating and testing their products. Dr Curcija

158

Case study of slope failures at Spilmans Island  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a case study for a dredge disposal site called Spilmans Island, located along the Houston-Galveston Ship Channel, east of Houston. Initially classified as a sand bar in the San Jacinto River, Spilmans Island evolved in recent years with the construction of perimeter levees to contain the flow of materials produced from dredging operations. These levees were often constructed on soft dredged sediments, and as the levees were raised, occasionally slope failures occurred. The objectives of this paper are to illustrate the importance of reconstructing the history of a site as a basis for geotechnical analyses, and to demonstrate the significance of keeping accurate records of past investigations, construction activities, slope failures and subsequent remedial measures. The results of the geotechnical investigation described in this paper offer a clear example of how such data can be used to provide reliable predictions on the stability conditions of raised levees.

Kayyal, M.K. [Damascus Univ. (Syrian Arab Republic). Faculty of Civil Engineering; Hasen, M. [HVJ Association, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Producing Satellite-Derived Irradiances in Complex Arid Terrain | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Producing Satellite-Derived Irradiances in Complex Arid Terrain Producing Satellite-Derived Irradiances in Complex Arid Terrain Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This paper describes a methodology to correct satellite-derived irradiances over complex terrain. The correction applies to satellite models using visible images from geostationary satellites. (Purpose): Solar model documentation Source SUNY Albany Date Released June 26th, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated August 29th, 2003 (11 years ago) Keywords methodology solar SWERA UNEP validation Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 690.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 1999 - 2002 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Please cite publication as follows: Perez, R., Ineichen, P., Moore, K., Kmiecik, M., Renné, D., and George, R. 2002.Producing Satellite-Derived Irradiances in Complex Arid Terrain. ASES 2003, Austin TX and submitted for publication in Solar Energy

160

A Simple Method for Spatial Interpolation of the Wind in Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The topographical elevation difference is proposed as a new variable for spatial interpolation of the sparse surface wind measurements to a finer mesh in a complex terrain area. The most used method for the initialization of diagnostic wind field ...

I. Palomino; F. Martín

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Terrain-Induced Turbulence over Lantau Island: 7 June 1994 Tropical Storm Russ Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of terrain-induced turbulence associated with airflow over Lantau Island of Hong Kong are presented. Lantau is a relatively small island with three narrow peaks rising to between 700 and 950 m above mean sea level. This ...

Terry L. Clark; Teddie Keller; Janice Coen; Peter Neilley; Hsiao-ming Hsu; William D. Hall

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Gravity Wave Breaking over the Central Alps: Role of Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of gravity waves excited by the complex terrain of the central Alps during the intensive observational period (IOP) 8 of the Mesoscale Alpine Programme (MAP) is studied through the analysis of aircraft in situ measurements, ...

Qingfang Jiang; James D. Doyle

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Geolocation of man-made reservoirs across terrains of varying complexity using GIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Reservoir Sedimentation Survey Information System (RESIS) is one of the world's most comprehensive databases of reservoir sedimentation rates, comprising nearly 6000 surveys for 1819 reservoirs across the continental United States. Sediment surveys ... Keywords: DEM, GIS, Reservoir sedimentation, Terrain complexity

David M. Mixon; David A. Kinner; Robert F. Stallard; James P. M. Syvitski

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Transferability of a Three-Dimensional Air Quality Model between Two Different Sites in Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-dimensional, diagnostic, particle-in-cell transport and diffusion model MATHEW/ADPIC is used to test its transferability from one site in complex terrain to another with different characteristics, under stable nighttime drainage flow ...

Rolf Lange

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

An Investigation of Terrain Effects on the Mesoscale Spectrum of Atmospheric Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind and temperature data collected on commercial aircraft during the Global Atmospheric Sampling Program (GASP) are used to investigate the effects of underlying terrain on mesoscale variability, and the observational results are interpreted ...

G. D. Nastrom; D. C. Fritts; K. S. Gage

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

An Examination of Residual Wind Fluctuations Observed at 10 m over Flat Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the behavior of wind fluctuations observed at the 10-m level over a flat terrain site located some 100 km east of the Rocky Mountains. The purposes were to assess residual fluctuations in order to ascertain effects ...

D. M. Leahey; M. C. Hansen; M. B. Schroeder

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Numerical Study of Terrain-Induced Mesoscale Motions in a Mixed Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical integrations using a potential enstrophy conserving scheme are presented for the flow within a mixed layer over hilly terrain using the hydrostatic shallow-water equations with a quadratic drag law. The mesoscale area treated is 150 km ...

Y-J. Han; K. Ueyoshi; J. W. Deardorff

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Hazard avoidance for high-speed rough-terrain unmanned ground vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-speed unmanned ground vehicles have important applications in rough-terrain. In these applications unexpected and dangerous situations can occur that require rapid hazard avoidance maneuvers. At high speeds, there is ...

Spenko, Matthew J. (Matthew Julius), 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Lidar Descriptions of Mixing-Layer Thickness Characteristics in a Complex Terrain/Coastal Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Airborne lidar and supplementary measurements made during a major study of air chemistry in southern California (SCCCAMP 1985) provided a rare opportunity to examine atmospheric boundary-layer structure in a coastal area with complex terrain. ...

James L. McElroy; Ted B. Smith

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Orographic Clouds in Terrain-Blocked Flows: An Idealized Modeling Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Idealized numerical simulations of moist strongly stratified flow over topography are used to study the processes that control orographic clouds in terrain-blocked flows as a joint function of the nondimensional flow parameter Nh/U, the ...

Joseph Galewsky

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

On the Ability of the WRF Model to Reproduce the Surface Wind Direction over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to reproduce the surface wind direction over complex terrain is examined. A simulation spanning a winter season at a high horizontal resolution of 2 km is compared with wind direction ...

Pedro A. Jiménez; Jimy Dudhia

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Empirical-Statistical Method to Estimate the Surface Wind Speed over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An empirical-statistical method to estimate surface wind speed over complex terrain under strong wind condition is proposed. This method is based on the postulation that the surface wind speed depends on a surface roughness parameter and a ...

Hiromi Yamazawa; Junsei Kondo

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Radiosity Approach for the Shortwave Surface Radiation Balance in Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of topography on the radiation balance in complex terrain has so far been investigated either with very simple or very sophisticated approaches that are limited, respectively, by an uncontrolled spatial representation of radiative ...

Nora Helbig; Henning Löwe; Michael Lehning

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Mesoscale Modeling and Four-Dimensional Data Assimilation in Areas of Highly Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multiscale four-dimensional data assimilation (FDDA) technique, based on Newtonian relaxation, is incorporated into a mesoscale model and evaluated using meteorological and tracer data collected during the Atmospheric Studies in Complex Terrain ...

J. D. Fast

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

The Principles of Laboratory Modeling of Stratified Atmospheric Flows over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laboratory modeling provides a reasonably quick and relatively inexpensive method for investigating stratified air Row around mesoscale topography. Quantitative results for stratified flow over complex terrain may be obtained from suitably ...

Peter G. Baines; Peter C. Manins

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Regional-Scale Flows in Mountainous Terrain. Part II: Simplified Numerical Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of two- and three-dimensional idealized numerical experiments are conducted to examine the effects of different physical processes upon the development of the thermally driven regional-scale circulations over mountainous terrain ...

James E. Bossert; William R. Cotton

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Three-Dimensional Numerical Model Simulations of Airflow Over Mountainous Terrain: A Comparison with Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of airflow over two different choices of mountainous terrain and the comparisons of results with aircraft observations are presented. Two wintertime casts for flow over Elk Mountain, Wyoming where surface heating is assumed ...

Terry L. Clark; Robert Gall

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Spatial Interpolation of Meteorological Data in Complex Terrain Using Temporal Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diagnostic wind field numerical models have significant difficulty developing representative wind velocities in complex terrain. A large of this difficulty begins with the initial wind field interpolation. If this interpolated wind field does not ...

William Porch; Daniel Rodriguez

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A Forward-in-Time Anelastic Nonhydrostatic Model in a Terrain-Following Coordinate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional (3D) forward-in-time anelastic nonhydrostatic model in a terrain-following coordinate is developed to investigate mesoscale circulations over topography. The anelastic nonhydrostatic model utilizes the deep-continuity equation,...

Ching-Yuang Huang

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

An Analysis of Wind Direction and Horizontal Wind Component Fluctuations over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on an extensive wind dataset over complex terrain, the commonly used small-angle approximation ?v ? ??V is studied and found to overestimate over all wind speeds and ?? values observed. This should be anticipated due to the assumptions ...

K. H. Papadopoulos; C. G. Helmis; G. T. Amanatidis

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Implications of Small-Scale Flow Features to Modeling Dispersion over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small-scale, topographically forced wind systems often have a strong influence on flow over complex terrain. A problem is that these systems are very difficult to measure, because of their limited spatial and temporal extent. They can be ...

R. M. Banta; L. D. Olivier; P. H. Gudiksen; R. Lange

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Impact of Environmental Variations on Simulated Squall Lines Interacting with Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complex evolution of convective systems crossing (or attempting to cross) mountainous terrain represents a substantial forecasting challenge. This study examines the processes associated with environments of “crossing” squall lines (which were ...

Casey E. Letkewicz; Matthew D. Parker

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

QNH: Mesoscale Bounded Derivative Initialization and Winter Storm Test over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale bounded derivative initialization (BDI) is utilized to derive dynamical constraints, from which elliptic equations are formulated to derive smooth initial fields over complex terrain for mesoscale models. The initialization is ...

J. L. Lee; A. E. MacDonald

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

An implementation of terrain geomorphing in the vertex shader for synthetic planetary surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to develop the three-dimensional models of planetary surfaces which can be used in the test environments for the Vision-Based Navigation Systems' (VBNS) terrain recognition and navigation ...

Colagiovanni, Lawrence W. (Lawrence William)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Geostatistical Mapping of Precipitation from Rain Gauge Data Using Atmospheric and Terrain Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A geostatistical framework for integrating lower-atmosphere state variables and terrain characteristics into the spatial interpolation of rainfall is presented. Lower-atmosphere state variables considered are specific humidity and wind, derived ...

Phaedon C. Kyriakidis; Jinwon Kim; Norman L. Miller

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Spatial Snow Modeling of Wind-Redistributed Snow Using Terrain-Based Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind is widely recognized as one of the dominant controls of snow accumulation and distribution in exposed alpine regions. Complex and highly variable wind fields in rugged terrain lead to similarly complex snow distribution fields with areas of ...

Adam Winstral; Kelly Elder; Robert E. Davis

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Relationship of Synoptic Winds and Complex Terrain Flows during the MISTRAL Field Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between the surface and synoptic wind direction is examined climatologically in a complex terrain region. Surface winds were observed over a 1-yr period during the MISTRAL project in the Basel, Switzerland, area. The measurement ...

Rudolf O. Weber; Pirmin Kaufmann

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Derivation of Effective Aerodynamic Surface Roughness in Urban Areas from Airborne Lidar Terrain Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An automated technique was developed that uses only airborne lidar terrain data to derive the necessary parameters for calculation of effective aerodynamic surface roughness in urban areas. The technique provides parameters for geometric models ...

Donald E. Holland; Judith A. Berglund; Joseph P. Spruce; Rodney D. McKellip

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

A System for the Hourly Assimilation of Surface Observations in Mountainous and Flat Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An assimilation system is presented that was designed to provide timely, detailed, and coherent analyses of surface data, even when the data are collected in rough terrain where station elevations differ widely and observations are often subject ...

Patricia A. Miller; Stanley G. Benjamin

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Diagnostic Wind Field Modeling for Complex Terrain: Model Development and Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three dimensional diagnostic wind field model is shown to be capable of generating potential flow solutions associated with simple terrain features. This is achieved by modifying an initially uniform background wind to make the flow divergence ...

D. G. Ross; I. N. Smith; P. C. Manins; D. G. Fox

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Verification of Mesoscale Numerical Weather Forecasts in Mountainous Terrain for Application to Avalanche Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two high-resolution, real-time, numerical weather prediction (NWP) models are verified against case study observations to quantify their accuracy and skill in the mountainous terrain of western Canada. These models, run daily at the University of ...

Claudia Roeger; Roland Stull; David McClung; Joshua Hacker; Xingxiu Deng; Henryk Modzelewski

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The Energy Budget of Canadian Shield Subarctic Terrain and Its Impact on Hillslope Hydrological Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the study is to determine the local processes that control the partitioning of the energy budget of shield terrain in the western Canadian subarctic. The magnitude of the spring snowmelt and its potential to flood exposed bedrock ...

Christopher Spence; Wayne R. Rouse

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Sensitivities of Orographic Precipitation to Terrain Geometry and Upstream Conditions in Idealized Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines how variations in relatively simple terrain geometries influence orographic precipitation and its spatial patterns of sensitivity to small changes in upstream conditions. An idealized three-dimensional model is used to simulate ...

Campbell D. Watson; Todd P. Lane

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Near-Real-Time Applications of a Mesoscale Analysis System to Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several mesoscale data analysis systems are reviewed, of which one is then adapted and applied to the complex terrain of northwest Utah and the western United States. The analysis system relies on the simple, but computationally efficient, ...

Steven M. Lazarus; Carol M. Ciliberti; John D. Horel; Keith A. Brewster

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Geostatistical Mapping of Mountain Precipitation Incorporating Autosearched Effects of Terrain and Climatic Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrologic and ecologic studies in mountainous terrain are sensitive to the temporal and spatial distribution of precipitation. In this study a geostatistical model, Auto-Searched Orographic and Atmospheric Effects Detrended Kriging (ASOADeK), is ...

Huade Guan; John L. Wilson; Oleg Makhnin

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

A Mesoscale Analysis Method for Surface Potential Temperature in Mountainous and Coastal Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique is developed to anisotropically spread surface observations in steep valleys. The goal is to create an improved objective analysis for the lowest, terrain-following numerical weather prediction (NWP) model level in mountainous ...

Xingxiu Deng; Roland Stull

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

A Simple Model for Correcting Sodar and Lidar Errors in Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground-based sensing of wind profiles by sodars and lidars is becoming the standard for wind energy and other applications. However, there remain difficulties in complex terrain since the instruments sense wind components in spatially separated ...

Stuart Bradley

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Airborne Doppler Lidar Measurements of Valley Flows in Complex Coastal Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three-dimensional winds obtained with an airborne Doppler lidar are used to investigate the spatial structure of topographically driven flows in complex coastal terrain in Southern California. The airborne Doppler lidar collected four hours of ...

S. F. J. De Wekker; K. S. Godwin; G. D. Emmitt; S. Greco

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

DEVELOPMENT OF SHALLOW VISCOUS OIL RESERVES IN NORTH SLOPE  

SciTech Connect

North Slope of Alaska has huge oil deposits in heavy oil reservoirs such as Ugnu, West Sak and Shrader Bluff etc. The viscosity of the last two reservoir oils vary from {approx}30 cp to {approx}3000 cp and the amount in the range of 10-20 billion barrels. High oil viscosity and low formation strength impose problems to high recovery and well productivity. Water-alternate-gas injection processes can be effective for the lower viscosity end of these deposits in West Sak and Shrader Bluff. Several gas streams are available in the North Slope containing NGL and CO{sub 2} (a greenhouse gas). The goal of this research is to develop tools to find optimum solvent, injection schedule and well-architecture for a WAG process in North Slope shallow sand viscous oil reservoirs. In the last quarter, we added numerical solution along streamline subroutines to our streamline compositional simulator. The WAG injection algorithms are being developed. We studied the wettability of the reservoir oil and formulated a four-phase relative permeability model based on two-phase relative permeabilities. The effect of new relative permeability formulations on a five-spot pattern WAG recovery was evaluated. Effect of horizontal wells on pattern sweep has been initiated. A model quarter five-spot experiment is being designed. Plans for the next quarter includes modeling of WAG injection in streamline based simulation, evaluation of complex well-architecture and design of model quarter five-spot experiment.

Kishore K. Mohanty

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

DEVELOPMENT OF SHALLOW VISCOUS OIL RESERVES IN NORTH SLOPE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

North Slope of Alaska has huge oil deposits in heavy oil reservoirs such as Ugnu, West Sak and Shrader Bluff etc. The viscosity of the last two reservoir oils vary from {approx}30 cp to {approx}3000 cp and the amount in the range of 10-20 billion barrels. High oil viscosity and low formation strength impose problems to high recovery and well productivity. Water-alternate-gas injection processes can be effective for the lower viscosity end of these deposits in West Sak and Shrader Bluff. Several gas streams are available in the North Slope containing NGL and CO{sub 2} (a greenhouse gas). The goal of this research is to develop tools to find optimum solvent, injection schedule and well-architecture for a WAG process in North Slope shallow sand viscous oil reservoirs. In the last quarter, we have developed streamline generation and convection subroutines for miscible gas injection. The WAG injection algorithms are being developed. We formulated a four-phase relative permeability model based on two-phase relative permeabilities. The new relative permeability formulations are being incorporated into the simulator. Wettabilities and relative permeabilities are being measured. Plans for the next quarter includes modeling of WAG injection in streamline based simulation, relative permeability studies with cores, incorporation of complex well-architecture.

Kishore K. Mohanty

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs December 9, 2013 - 4:13pm Addthis A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic Jim Brodrick Lighting Program Manager MORE RESOURCES Find out how LED lighting works Get project planning and analysis tools Subscribe to Solid-State Lighting's email distribution list Increasingly, light emitting diode (LED) screw-based lamps are providing consumers a cost-effective and energy efficient alternative to compact

202

DOE Announces $17 Million to Promote Greater Automobile Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Announces $17 Million to Promote Greater Automobile Efficiency DOE Announces $17 Million to Promote Greater Automobile Efficiency DOE Announces $17 Million to Promote Greater Automobile Efficiency January 23, 2007 - 10:15am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner today announced that DOE intends issue $17 million in solicitations to improve automobile efficiency and reduce the United States's dependence on foreign sources of oil. The funding will be offered as two separate solicitations, one for $14 million to support plug-in hybrid electric vehicle technology and another for $3 million for research to improve E-85 engine efficiency. "President Bush is committed to developing alternative fuels and energy-saving innovations in vehicle technology, not just for concept cars,

203

Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Money for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Money for Idaho, Other DOE Sites Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Money for Idaho, Other DOE Sites November 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis IDAHO FALLS, Idaho - Contracting companies supporting EM's cleanup program at the Idaho site volunteered to be among the first to use a new DOE training reciprocity program designed to bring more consistency to health and safety training across the complex, reduce redundancy and realize savings and other efficiencies. The DOE Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) program is meant to eliminate the need for Department employees and contractors to take redundant training when they move among multiple sites in the complex.

204

Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs December 9, 2013 - 4:13pm Addthis A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic Jim Brodrick Lighting Program Manager MORE RESOURCES Find out how LED lighting works Get project planning and analysis tools Subscribe to Solid-State Lighting's email distribution list Increasingly, light emitting diode (LED) screw-based lamps are providing consumers a cost-effective and energy efficient alternative to compact

205

Thirteen States Receive Energy Department Awards to Drive Greater Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

States Receive Energy Department Awards to Drive Greater States Receive Energy Department Awards to Drive Greater Energy Efficiency, Save Money Thirteen States Receive Energy Department Awards to Drive Greater Energy Efficiency, Save Money November 26, 2013 - 2:44pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Building on the Obama Administration's efforts to double energy productivity by 2030 and help communities save on energy bills, the Energy Department today awarded nearly $4 million to 13 states to increase statewide energy savings and boost the energy efficiency of public institutions, local governments and industrial sectors. The Department's State Energy Program has a long history in assisting states in saving energy and deploying new clean energy technologies. "Smart, cost-effective investments in energy efficiency are helping

206

Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Money for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Money for Idaho, Other DOE Sites Training Reciprocity Achieves Greater Consistency, Saves Time and Money for Idaho, Other DOE Sites November 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis IDAHO FALLS, Idaho - Contracting companies supporting EM's cleanup program at the Idaho site volunteered to be among the first to use a new DOE training reciprocity program designed to bring more consistency to health and safety training across the complex, reduce redundancy and realize savings and other efficiencies. The DOE Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) program is meant to eliminate the need for Department employees and contractors to take redundant training when they move among multiple sites in the complex.

207

Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Rebate Program (Kentucky)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rebate Program Rebate Program (Kentucky) Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance - Residential Rebate Program (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Local Rebate Program Rebate Amount Home energy assessment: $100 (for homes under 3000 sq/ft) Rebates up to 50% for improvements specified in your energy assessment report The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance provides rebate incentives for homeowners in Hamilton, Boone, Kenton, and Campbell counties. To qualify

208

Comparison of slope stability in two Brazilian municipal landfills  

SciTech Connect

The implementation of landfill gas to energy (LFGTE) projects has greatly assisted in reducing the greenhouse gases and air pollutants, leading to an improved local air quality and reduced health risks. The majority of cities in developing countries still dispose of their municipal waste in uncontrolled 'open dumps.' Municipal solid waste landfill construction practices and operating procedures in these countries pose a challenge to implementation of LFGTE projects because of concern about damage to the gas collection infrastructure (horizontal headers and vertical wells) caused by minor, relatively shallow slumps and slides within the waste mass. While major slope failures can and have occurred, such failures in most cases have been shown to involve contributory factors or triggers such as high pore pressures, weak foundation soil or failure along weak geosynthetic interfaces. Many researchers who have studied waste mechanics propose that the shear strength of municipal waste is sufficient such that major deep-seated catastrophic failures under most circumstances require such contributory factors. Obviously, evaluation of such potential major failures requires expert analysis by geotechnical specialists with detailed site-specific information regarding foundation soils, interface shearing resistances and pore pressures both within the waste and in clayey barrier layers or foundation soils. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the potential use of very simple stability analyses which can be used to study the potential for slumps and slides within the waste mass and which may represent a significant constraint on construction and development of the landfill, on reclamation and closure and on the feasibility of a LFGTE project. The stability analyses rely on site-specific but simple estimates of the unit weight of waste and the pore pressure conditions and use 'generic' published shear strength envelopes for municipal waste. Application of the slope stability analysis method is presented in a case study of two Brazilian landfill sites; the Cruz das Almas Landfill in Maceio and the Muribeca Landfill in Recife. The Muribeca site has never recorded a slope failure and is much larger and better-maintained when compared to the Maceio site at which numerous minor slumps and slides have been observed. Conventional limit-equilibrium analysis was used to calculate factors of safety for stability of the landfill side slopes. Results indicate that the Muribeca site is more stable with computed factors of safety values in the range 1.6-2.4 compared with computed values ranging from 0.9 to 1.4 for the Maceio site at which slope failures have been known to occur. The results suggest that this approach may be useful as a screening-level tool when considering the feasibility of implementing LFGTE projects.

Gharabaghi, B. [School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1 (Canada)], E-mail: bgharaba@uoguelph.ca; Singh, M.K. [Department of Civil and Geological Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, S7N 5A9 (Canada); Inkratas, C. [School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1 (Canada)], E-mail: cinkrata@uoguelph.ca; Fleming, I.R. [Department of Civil and Geological Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, S7N 5A9 (Canada)], E-mail: ian.fleming@usask.ca; McBean, E. [School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1 (Canada)], E-mail: emcbean@uoguelph.ca

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Directional Distributions and Mean Square Slopes in the Equilibrium and Saturation Ranges of the Wave Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field observations show that the crosswind component constitutes a significant portion of the ocean surface mean square slope. The average ratio between the crosswind and upwind mean square slope components is 0.88 in slick-covered ocean ...

Paul A. Hwang; David W. Wang

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Observations of Flow and Turbulence in the Nocturnal Boundary Layer over a Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements were conducted on an eastern slope of the Salt Lake Basin (SLB) as a part of the Vertical Transport and Mixing Experiment (VTMX) conducted in October 2000. Of interest was the nocturnal boundary layer on a slope (in particular, ...

P. Monti; H. J. S. Fernando; M. Princevac; W. C. Chan; T. A. Kowalewski; E. R. Pardyjak

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Asymmetry of an Equilibrated Gulf Stream–Type Jet over Topographic Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The symmetry properties of the Gulf Stream–type jet equilibrated over topographic slope are investigated in a series of idealized numerical experiments. A baroclinically unstable zonal jet equilibrates over a sloping bottom through the process of ...

Sergei A. Frolov; Georgi G. Sutyrin; Isaac Ginis

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Diapycnal Transport and Mixing Efficiency in Stratified Boundary Layers near Sloping Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interaction of shear, stratification, and turbulence in boundary layers on sloping topography is investigated with the help of an idealized theoretical model, assuming uniform bottom slope and homogeneity in the upslope direction. It is shown ...

Lars Umlauf; Hans Burchard

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Dense Current Flowing down a Sloping Bottom in a Rotating Fluid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A density-driven current was generated in the laboratory by releasing dense fluid over a sloping bottom in a rotating freshwater system. The behavior of the dense fluid descending the slope has been investigated by systematically varying four ...

C. Cenedese; J. A. Whitehead; T. A. Ascarelli; M. Ohiwa

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

COAL QUALITY AND GEOCHEMISTRY, GREATER GREEN RIVER BASIN, WYOMING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter GQ COAL QUALITY AND GEOCHEMISTRY, GREATER GREEN RIVER BASIN, WYOMING By G.D. Stricker and M coal beds and zones in the Northern RockyMountains and Great Plains region, U.S. Geological Survey of selected Tertiary coal beds and zones in the Northern Rocky Mountains and Great Plains region, U

215

Paleoecology of the Greater Phyllopod Bed community, Burgess Shale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paleoecology of the Greater Phyllopod Bed community, Burgess Shale Jean-Bernard Caron , Donald A and composition, ecological attributes, and environmental influences for the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale ecosystems further suggest the Burgess Shale community was probably highly dependent on immigration from

Jackson, Don

216

Slope design and implementation in open pit mines; geological and geomechanical Jean-Alain FLEURISSON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stability, slope design, engineering geology, fault, open pit mines, SOMAIR uranium mine, OCP phosphate mine of procedures for abandonment of mine sites where the problems of long-term slope stability may arise1 GHGT-9 Slope design and implementation in open pit mines; geological and geomechanical approach

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

217

Energy impacts of heat island reduction strategies in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shingles on a 20° sloped plywood deck, over a naturallyup materials on a flat plywood deck, over an unventilatedup materials on a flat plywood deck, over an unventilated

Konopacki, Steven; Akbari, Hashem

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

NETL: News Release - Newly Installed Alaska North Slope Well...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1,500 feet or greater. Many experts believe it represents a potentially vast source of global energy and FE scientists have studied methane hydrate resource potential and...

219

Applicability of digital terrain analyses to wind energy prospecting and siting  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The recent publication of the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) database by the US Geological Survey (USGS) has provided a unique opportunity for the development of cost-effective wind energy prospecting technology. This database contains terrain elevation values on a Latitude-Longitude grid with a resolution of 3 arc-seconds (about 90 m) for the contiguous United States, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. This database has been coupled with software that will produce shaded-relief maps on a laser printer in a format compatible with the state wind power maps in the US wind energy atlas. By providing a much higher resolution of the terrain features than was possible when the US atlas was prepared, these maps can be useful in general wind prospecting activities. As highly resolved as the 90-m DEM data seem to be when compared to the atlas grid, they still appear to be too coarse to resolve terrain features in the detail required for local wind flow characterization and wind plant layout. Gridded terrain data at about 10-m resolution are available from the USGS for some areas of the United States. In areas where these data are unavailable, they may be generated by digitizing and gridding the contours from a 1:24,000-scale USGS map over the area of interest. Comparisons of terrain profiles from cross sections of the 10-m and 90-m data provide an indication of the effect of resolution on the reliability of terrain feature representation. Oblique views of the terrain in shaded-relief format provide a dramatic enhancement of the shape and relative position of features of interest.

Wendell, L.L.; Gower, G.L.; Birn, M.B. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Castellano, C.C. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Clean Cities: Greater Washington Region Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Washington Region Clean Cities Coalition Washington Region Clean Cities Coalition The Greater Washington Region Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Greater Washington Region Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Ron Flowers 202-671-1580 ronflowers@gwrccc.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Ron Flowers Photo of Ron Flowers Ronald S. "Ron" Flowers, now retired, most recently served as the Director of the Office of Labor-Management Programs (OLMP), under the Executive Office of the Mayor of the District of Columbia (DC) Government. Flowers' senior management experience spans more than 35 years in the public and private sectors, and includes serving as the Fleet Administrator for the DC

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Sustainable Development Strategy for the Greater Mekong Subregion | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mekong Subregion Mekong Subregion Jump to: navigation, search Name Sustainable Development Strategy for the Greater Mekong Subregion Agency/Company /Organization AIT-UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific Sector Energy, Land Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.rrcap.unep.org/nsds Country Cambodia, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Sustainable Development Strategy for the Greater Mekong Subregion[1] Overview "This document is expected to provide the strategic direction for the pursuit of sustainable development in the GMS. It is important to note that this document addresses the issues at the sub-regional level, building upon

222

Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide for State Government Officials Prepared by The National Council on Electricity Policy November 2009 NATIONAL COUNCIL ON ELECTRICITY POLICY MEMBER ORGANIZATIONS The National Council on Electricity Policy (National Council) is a unique venture between the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC), the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), National Association of Clean Air Agencies (NACAA) and the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA). The National Council also includes participation by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Environment Protection Agency

223

Nevada test site experience with greater confinement disposal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the NTS, we consider Greater Confinement Disposal (GCD) to be a good waste management practice rather than a disposal technology. This is an important distinction because it redefines the nature of GCD. All disposal facilities operate under the principal of ''as low as reasonably achievable'' (ALARA) in reducing personnel and public exposures. ALARA is not a technology or method but a principal put into practice. We view GCD in the same manner.

Dickman, P.T.; Boland, J.R.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

TDX North Slope Generating Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Generating Co Generating Co Jump to: navigation, search Name TDX North Slope Generating Co Place Alaska Utility Id 19277 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location AK Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Commercial: $0.1310/kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for TDX North Slope Generating Co (Alaska). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS

225

Prudhoe expansion. Sohio to triple North Slope presence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sohio Alaska Petroleum Co. will spend $5.5 billion during the next 5 years to enhance and continue oil production at Prudhoe Bay where the company owns ca. 53% of the oil reserves. Sohio will nearly triple its physical presence on the Slope by the end of 1986, and almost double its Prudhoe staff during that period. A construction work force of between 1500 and 1700 will be required during the 5-year expansion period. Sohio's ongoing production of crude oil averages ca. 840,000 bpd. To continue at this rate, the company plans 29 separation projects on the Slope and completion of an estimated 265 wells over the next 5 years. Many of these projects will be completed over a 5- to 6-yr period. The following are several of Sohio's major 5-year plan projects: produced water expansion; wellpad manifolding; low pressure separation systems; production flowline expansion; artificial gas lift; west side waterflood; gas gathering line loop; west end development, Eileen area; and central power station expansion. A brief description of each project is given.

Not Available

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Slope County, North Dakota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4129398°, -103.5021012° 4129398°, -103.5021012° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.4129398,"lon":-103.5021012,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

227

Review of alternative energy resources for the greater Houlton area  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented for residents, workers, and employers around greater Houlton to help them harness reliable, inexpensive, and safe energy supplies into the year 2000. Present energy consumption in the area is summarized. Means to use solar energy; wood as a fuel; hydropower; wind power; alcohol fuels; methane; and energy from wastes are described. A strategy for seriously practicing automobile fuel efficiency, ridesharing, and using the mass transit systems is reviewed. The efficiencies of district heating systems and cogeneration are noted. Public policy recommendations are summarized. (MCW)

Moir, B.K.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Interim Storage of Greater Than Class C Low Level Waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report serves as a guideline for the safe, interim, on-site storage of low level radioactive waste (LLW) that exceeds the activity limitations for near-surface disposal set forth in 10 CFR 61.55. This waste, referred to as greater than Class C (GTCC) waste, exceeds the Class C limits in the referenced regulation. At the present time, there is no licensed disposal facility for GTCC waste in the United States. This situation forces commercial nuclear reactors to store it on site until a disposal facil...

2001-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

229

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Barrow Gas Fields - North Slope Borough, Alaska  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phase 2- Drilling and Production Testing the Methane Hydrate Resource Potential associated with the Barrow Gas Fields Last Reviewed 04/06/2010 Phase 2- Drilling and Production Testing the Methane Hydrate Resource Potential associated with the Barrow Gas Fields Last Reviewed 04/06/2010 DE-FC26-06NT42962 Goal The goal of this project is to evaluate, design, drill, log, core and production test methane hydrate resources in the Barrow Gas Fields near Barrow, Alaska to determine its impact on future free gas production and its viability as an energy source. Photo of Barrow welcome sign Performers North Slope Borough, Barrow, Alaska 99723 Petrotechnical Resources Alaska (PRA), Fairbanks, AK 99775 University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775 Background Phase 1 of the Barrow Gas Fields Hydrate Study provided very strong evidence for the existence of hydrates updip of the East Barrow and Walakpa Gas Fields. Full-field history matched reservoir modeling supported the

230

Low-slope roofing research needs: An ORNL draft assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Low-Slope Roofing Research Needs Agenda is a resource document prepared by the Roofing Industry Research Advisory Panel. The document will aid the Panel in developing recommended research priorities and schedules for the Roof Research Center established by the US Department of Energy at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The Roof Research Center provides the roofing industry with a unique test facility capable of careful, on-line measurements on whole roof systems under controlled, simulated in-service conditions. This type of systems testing, however, is not well-developed in the roofing industry where, customarily, careful measurements are not only made to assess individual material properties under design conditions and systems testing generally is limited to ''performance testing''; that is, exposing roof systems to typical or accelerated environments and observing or measuring the time intergrated effects on various components. This document discusses the capabilities of the center and roofing research issues.

Busching, H.W.; Courville, G.E.; Dvorchak, M.; McCorkle, J.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Biocorrosive Thermophilic Microbial Communities in Alaskan North Slope Oil Facilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Corrosion of metallic oilfield pipelines by microorganisms is a costly but poorly understood phenomenon, with standard treatment methods targeting mesophilic sulfatereducing bacteria. In assessing biocorrosion potential at an Alaskan North Slope oil field, we identified thermophilic hydrogen-using methanogens, syntrophic bacteria, peptideand amino acid-fermenting bacteria, iron reducers, sulfur/thiosulfate-reducing bacteria and sulfate-reducing archaea. These microbes can stimulate metal corrosion through production of organic acids, CO2, sulfur species, and via hydrogen oxidation and iron reduction, implicating many more types of organisms than are currently targeted. Micromolar quantities of putative anaerobic metabolites of C1-C4 n-alkanes in pipeline fluids were detected, implying that these low molecular weight hydrocarbons, routinely injected into reservoirs for oil recovery purposes, are biodegraded and provide biocorrosive microbial communities with an important source of nutrients.

Duncan, Kathleen E.; Gieg, Lisa M.; Parisi, Victoria A.; Tanner, Ralph S.; Green Tringe, Susannah; Bristow, Jim; Suflita, Joseph M.

2009-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

232

Natural gas hydrates on the North Slope of Alaska  

SciTech Connect

Gas hydrates are crystalline substances composed of water and gas, mainly methane, in which a solid-water lattice accommodates gas molecules in a cage-like structure, or clathrate. These substances often have been regarded as a potential (unconventional) source of natural gas. Significant quantities of naturally occurring gas hydrates have been detected in many regions of the Arctic including Siberia, the Mackenzie River Delta, and the North Slope of Alaska. On the North Slope, the methane-hydrate stability zone is areally extensive beneath most of the coastal plain province and has thicknesses as great as 1000 meters in the Prudhoe Bay area. Gas hydrates have been identified in 50 exploratory and production wells using well-log responses calibrated to the response of an interval in one well where gas hydrates were recovered in a core by ARCO Alaska and EXXON. Most of these gas hydrates occur in six laterally continuous Upper Cretaceous and lower Tertiary sandstone and conglomerate units; all these gas hydrates are geographically restricted to the area overlying the eastern part of the Kuparuk River Oil Field and the western part of the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field. The volume of gas within these gas hydrates is estimated to be about 1.0 {times} 10{sup 12} to 1.2 {times} 10{sup 12} cubic meters (37 to 44 trillion cubic feet), or about twice the volume of conventional gas in the Prudhoe Bay Field. Geochemical analyses of well samples suggest that the identified hydrates probably contain a mixture of deep-source thermogenic gas and shallow microbial gas that was either directly converted to gas hydrate or first concentrated in existing traps and later converted to gas hydrate. The thermogenic gas probably migrated from deeper reservoirs along the same faults thought to be migration pathways for the large volumes of shallow, heavy oil that occur in this area. 51 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

Collett, T.S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

DOE Solar Decathlon: Pittsburgh Synergy: Working for the Greater Good  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pittsburgh Synergy's solar house in its permanent location on Carnegie Mellon's campus. Pittsburgh Synergy's solar house in its permanent location on Carnegie Mellon's campus. Enlarge image The Pittsburgh Synergy solar house is located near Margaret Morrison Carnegie Hall on Carnegie Mellon's campus. (Courtesy of Stephen Lee/Carnegie Mellon University) Who: Pittsburgh Synergy What: Solar house Where: Remaking Cities Institute 5045 Margaret Morrison St. Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Map This House Public tours: Not available Solar Decathlon 2005 Pittsburgh Synergy: Working for the Greater Good Carnegie Mellon partnered with the University of Pittsburgh and The Art Institute of Pittsburgh for the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2005. After the competition, the house was rebuilt on Carnegie Mellon's campus for use as office space. It was also grid-tied to feed excess

234

KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Operations Operations Jump to: navigation, search Name KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Place Missouri Utility Id 12698 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location SPP, WECC NERC SPP Yes RTO SPP Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Large General Service-Secondary Commercial Large Power Service-Secondary Commercial

235

Texas-Louisiana- Mississippi Salt Basin Greater Green River Basin  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Texas-Louisiana- Texas-Louisiana- Mississippi Salt Basin Greater Green River Basin W. Gulf Coast Basin Appalachian Basin Wind River Basin Eastern Shelf NW Shelf Abo Sussex-Shannon Muddy J Mesaverde- Lance-Lewis Medina/Clinton-Tuscarora Bradford-Venango-Elk Berea-Murrysville Piceance Basin Bossier Williston Basin Ft Worth Basin Davis Bighorn Basin Judith River- Eagle Permian Basin Anadarko Basin Denver Basin San Juan Basin North-Central Montana Area Uinta Basin Austin Chalk Codell-Niobrara Penn-Perm Carbonate Niobrara Chalk Dakota Morrow Mesaverde Thirty- One Cleveland Ozona Canyon Wasatch- Mesaverde Red Fork Mesaverde Granite Wash Stuart City-Edwards Bowdoin- Greenhorn Travis Peak Olmos Cotton Valley Vicksburg Wilcox Lobo Pictured Cliffs Cretaceous Cretaceous-Lower Tertiary Mancos- Dakota Gilmer Lime Major Tight Gas Plays, Lower 48 States

236

A High-Resolution Air Pollution Model Suitable for Dispersion Studies in Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of an air pollution transport model that uses an expanding terrain-following coordinate with high resolution in analytic form near the surface and a high-order accurate transport algorithm is described. The model is designed to be ...

Ming Liu; John J. Carroll

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

An Experimental Investigation on the Wake Interference of Wind Turbines Sited Over Complex Terrains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 An Experimental Investigation on the Wake Interference of Wind Turbines Sited Over Complex, 50011 An experimental study was conducted to investigate the interferences of wind turbines sited over conducted in a large wind tunnel with of wind turbine models sited over a flat terrain (baseline case

Hu, Hui

238

Procedural Reproduction of Terrain Textures with Geographic Data Carsten Dachsbacher1,3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. As a consequence the native instructions of a GPU's pixel shader allow a very simple imple- mentation. The procedural model is imple- mented as vertex and fragment shaders and entirely executed on graphics hardware Textures for Terrain Rendering. In Shader X4 (2005), Charles River Media. [Fai05] FAIRCLOUGH M.: Terragen v

Bolch, Tobias

239

Dynamical Downscaling of Wind Speed in Complex Terrain Prone To Bora-Type Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of numerically modeled wind speed climate, a primary component of wind energy resource assessment in the complex terrain of Croatia, are given. For that purpose, dynamical downscaling of 10 yr (1992–2001) of the 40-yr ECMWF Re-Analysis ...

Kristian Horvath; Alica Baji?; Stjepan Ivatek-Šahdan

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

A Flash-Flooding Storm at the Steep Edge of High Terrain: Disaster in the Himalayas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash floods on the edge of high terrain, such as the Himalayas or Rocky Mountains, are especially dangerous and hard to predict. The Leh flood of 2010 at the edge of the Himalayan Plateau in India is an example of the tragic consequences of such storms. ...

Kristen L. Rasmussen; Robert A. Houze Jr.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Electric Utility Terrain Vehicle Demonstration at a Military Base in Florida  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Non-road electric vehicles such as lift trucks, airport ground support equipment and underground mining vehicles have proven themselves in the marketplace. However, heavy-duty utility-terrain vehicles (UTVs) powered exclusively by electricity have been introduced only recently. To test the capabilities of electric UTVs, two demonstration vehicles were instrumented for data acquisition and placed in ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

242

Sink placement on a 3D terrain for border surveillance in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With their distributed nature and redundant operation capability, wireless sensor networks are very suitable for border surveillance scenarios that track intruders trying to breach to a safe side. In such scenarios, keeping the operation going on for ... Keywords: Border surveillance, Discrete event simulation, Genetic algorithms, Sink placement, Three dimensional terrain, Wireless sensor networks

Rabun Kosar; Cem Ersoy

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Energy Performance Impacts from Competing Low-slope Roofing Choices and Photovoltaic Technologies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With such a vast quantity of space, commercial low-slope roofs offer significant potential for sustainable roofing technology deployment. Specifically, building energy performance can be improved… (more)

Nagengast, Amy L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Sub-microradian Surface Slope Metrology with the ALS Developmental Long Trace Profiler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

upgraded LTP-II at the ALS Optical Metrology Laboratory,”Slope Metrology with the ALS Developmental Long TraceAdvanced Light Source (ALS) Optical Metrology Laboratory (

Yashchuk, Valeriy V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Sub-microradian Surface Slope Metrology with the ALS Developmental Long Trace Profiler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

upgraded LTP-II at the ALS Optical Metrology Laboratory,”Slope Metrology with the ALS Developmental Long Traceto operation at the ALS Optical Metrology Laboratory. The

Yashchuk, Valeriy V

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Sub-microradian Surface Slope Metrology with the ALS Developmental Long Trace Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new low budget slope measuring instrument, the Developmental Long Trace Profiler (DLTP), was recently brought to operation at the ALS Optical Metrology Laboratory. The design, instrumental control and data acquisition system, initial alignment and calibration procedures, as well as the developed experimental precautions and procedures are described in detail. The capability of the DLTP to achieve sub-microradian surface slope metrology is verified via cross-comparison measurements with other high performance slope measuring instruments when measuring the same high quality test optics. The directions of future work to develop a surface slope measuring profiler with nano-radian performance are also discussed.

Yashchuk, Valeriy V; Barber, Samuel; Domning, Edward E.; Kirschman, Jonathan L.; Morrison, Gregory Y.; Smith, Brian V; Siewert, Frank; Zeschke, Thomas; Geckeler, Ralf; Just, Andreas

2009-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

247

Comparing statistical tests for detecting soil contamination greater than background  

SciTech Connect

The Washington State Department of Ecology (WSDE) recently issued a report that provides guidance on statistical issues regarding investigation and cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination under the Model Toxics Control Act Cleanup Regulation. Included in the report are procedures for determining a background-based cleanup standard and for conducting a 3-step statistical test procedure to decide if a site is contaminated greater than the background standard. The guidance specifies that the State test should only be used if the background and site data are lognormally distributed. The guidance in WSDE allows for using alternative tests on a site-specific basis if prior approval is obtained from WSDE. This report presents the results of a Monte Carlo computer simulation study conducted to evaluate the performance of the State test and several alternative tests for various contamination scenarios (background and site data distributions). The primary test performance criteria are (1) the probability the test will indicate that a contaminated site is indeed contaminated, and (2) the probability that the test will indicate an uncontaminated site is contaminated. The simulation study was conducted assuming the background concentrations were from lognormal or Weibull distributions. The site data were drawn from distributions selected to represent various contamination scenarios. The statistical tests studied are the State test, t test, Satterthwaite`s t test, five distribution-free tests, and several tandem tests (wherein two or more tests are conducted using the same data set).

Hardin, J.W.; Gilbert, R.O.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Visual Terrain Mapping for Mars Exploration1,2 0-7803-8155-6/04/$17.00 2004 IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Visual Terrain Mapping for Mars Exploration1,2 1 0-7803-8155-6/04/$17.00© 2004 IEEE 2 IEEEAC. The techniques used include wide-baseline stereo mapping for terrain distant from the rover, bundle adjustment images. However, current rover technologies do not allow rovers to autonomously navigate to distant

Li, Rongxing Â?RonÂ?

249

DEVELOPMENT OF SHALLOW VISCOUS OIL RESERVES IN NORTH SLOPE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

North Slope of Alaska has huge oil deposits in heavy oil reservoirs such as Ugnu, West Sak and Shrader Bluff etc. The viscosity of the last two reservoir oils vary from {approx}30 cp to {approx}3000 cp and the amount in the range of 10-20 billion barrels. High oil viscosity and low formation strength impose problems to high recovery and well productivity. Water-alternate-gas injection processes can be effective for the lower viscosity end of these deposits in West Sak and Shrader Bluff. Several gas streams are available in the North Slope containing NGL and CO{sub 2} (a greenhouse gas). The goal of this research is to develop tools to find optimum solvent, injection schedule and well-architecture for a WAG process in North Slope shallow sand viscous oil reservoirs. Coreflood, quarter 5-spot study, compositional simulation, wettability, relative permeability study and streamline-based simulation were conducted in this project. 1D compositional simulation results agree reasonably well with those of the slim tube experiments. Injection of CO{sub 2}-NGL is preferable over that of PBG-NGL. MME is sensitive to pressure (in the range of 1300-1800 psi) for the injection of PBG-NGL, but not for CO{sub 2}-NGL. Three hydrocarbon phases form in this pressure range. As the mean thickness of the adsorbed organic layer on minerals increases, the oil-water contact angle increases. The adsorbed organic films left behind after extraction of oil by common aromatic solvents used in core studies, such as toluene and decalin, are thinner than those left behind by non-aromatic solvents, such as cyclohexane. The force of adhesion for minerals aged with just the asphaltene fraction is similar to that of the whole oil implying that asphaltenes are responsible for the mixed-wettability in this reservoir. A new relative permeability model for a four-phase, mixed-wet system has been proposed. A streamline module is developed which can be incorporated in an existing finite-difference based compositional simulator to model water flood, gas flood and WAG flood. Horizontal wells increase well deliverability over vertical wells, but sweep efficiency can decrease. The well performance depends on the well length, position, heterogeneity, and viscosity ratio. The productivity increase due to electromagnetic heating is a function of power intensity, flow rate, and frequency etc. The productivity of a well can be doubled by electromagnetic heating. A high-pressure quarter 5-spot model has been constructed to evaluate the sweep efficiency of miscible WAG floods. WAG displacement reduces bypassing compared to gas floods and improves oil recovery in cores. As the WAG ratio decreased and slug size increased, oil recovery increased. Oil was recovered faster with increased slug size and decreased WAG ratio in the simulations for field cases studied.

Kishore K. Mohanty

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Modeling Snow-Cover Heterogeneity over Complex Arctic Terrain for Regional and Global Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The small-scale (10 to 100 m) and local-scale (100 m to 10 km) effects of topography (elevation, slope, and aspect) and snow redistribution by wind on the evolution of the snowmelt are investigated. The chosen study area is the 142 km2 Upper ...

Stephen J. Déry; Wade T. Crow; Marc Stieglitz; Eric F. Wood

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

ADVANCED NUMERICAL TECHNIQUES IN ROCK SLOPE STABILITY ANALYSIS APPLICATIONS AND LIMITATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modelling. An example of the use of FLAC in the modelling of buckling type failures in a surface coal mine. FLAC model of buckling failure in a surface coal mine slope. Figure 4. FLAC3D model of china clay slope is described in detail by Benko and Stead (14) and illustrates the possible role of underground coal mining

Eberhardt, Erik

252

The Probability Density Function of Ocean Surface Slopes and Its Effects on Radar Backscatter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on Longuet-Higgins’s theory of the probability distribution of wave amplitude and wave period and on some observations, a new probability density function (PDF) of ocean surface slopes is derived. It is where ?x and ?y are the slope ...

Y. Liu; X-H. Yan; W. T. Liu; P. A. Hwang

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Optical Measurements of Capillary-Gravity Wave Spectra Using a Scanning Laser Slope Gauge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A description of a new scanning laser slope gauge (SLSG) is given and the results obtained from both laboratory wind-wave tank and field measurements are presented. The device relies on the measurements of two components of surface slope to ...

Erik J. Bock; Tetsu Hara

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Observations of a Drainage Flow Event on a High-Altitude Simple Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of a drainage flow event on a high-altitude simple slope were made for a few hours during a five-day field study that was otherwise characterized by high and gusty winds blowing across the face of the slope believed due to the ...

William E. Clements; Carmen J. Nappo

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Trapping of Waves by a Constant Slope internal Interface in a Two-Layer Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that “edge” and “continental shelf” waves can be trapped by a constant slope nearshore bottom; in a two-layer ocean of great constant depth, a constant slope internal interface, as well as the associated geostrophic current, can ...

Henri Lacombe

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Evidence of Ascent in a Sloped Barrier Jet and an Associated Heavy-Snow Band  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Doppler radar data are used to identify alongstream slope of a barrier jet running parallel to the cast slope of the Front Range of the Colorado Rockies. The barrier jet was collocated with a narrow band of heavy snow embedded within a larger ...

Lawrence B. Dunn

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The Influence of Groundwater Flow on Thermal Regimes in Mountainous Terrain  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Active circulation of cool groundwater in mountainous terrain can cause an advective disturbance of the thermal regime. This factor complicates interpretation of data collected in geothermal exploration programs. An isothermal free-surface model has been developed which provides qualitative insight into the nature of an advective disturbance as it is affected by topography, permeability and climate. A fully coupled model of fluid and heat transfer is being developed for quantitative study of idealized mountain hydrothermal systems.

Forster, Craig; Smith, Leslie

1986-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

258

Exporting Alaskan North Slope crude oil: Benefits and costs  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy study examines the effects of lifting the current prohibitions against the export of Alaskan North Slope (ANS) crude. The study concludes that permitting exports would benefit the US economy. First, lifting the ban would expand the markets in which ANS oil can be sold, thereby increasing its value. ANS oil producers, the States of California and Alaska, and some of their local governments all would benefit from increased revenues. Permitting exports also would generate new economic activity and employment in California and Alaska. The study concludes that these economic benefits would be achieved without increasing gasoline prices (either in California or in the nation as a whole). Lifting the export ban could have important implications for US maritime interests. The Merchant Marine Act of 1970 (known as the Jones Act) requires all inter-coastal shipments to be carried on vessels that are US-owned, US-crewed, and US-built. By limiting the shipment of ANS crude to US ports only, the export ban creates jobs for the seafarers and the builders of Jones Act vessels. Because the Jones Act does not apply to exports, however, lifting the ban without also changing US maritime law would jeopardize the jobs associated with the current fleet of Jones Act tankers. Therefore the report analyzes selected economic impacts of several maritime policy alternatives, including: Maintaining current law, which allows foreign tankers to carry oil where export is allowed; requiring exports of ANS crude to be carried on Jones Act vessels; and requiring exports of ANS crude to be carried on vessels that are US-owned and US-crewed, but not necessarily US-built. Under each of these options, lifting the export ban would generate economic benefits.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Economics of Alaska North Slope gas utilization options  

SciTech Connect

The recoverable natural gas available for sale in the developed and known undeveloped fields on the Alaskan North Slope (ANS) total about 26 trillion cubic feet (TCF), including 22 TCF in the Prudhoe Bay Unit (PBU) and 3 TCF in the undeveloped Point Thomson Unit (PTU). No significant commercial use has been made of this large natural gas resource because there are no facilities in place to transport this gas to current markets. To date the economics have not been favorable to support development of a gas transportation system. However, with the declining trend in ANS oil production, interest in development of this huge gas resource is rising, making it important for the U.S. Department of Energy, industry, and the State of Alaska to evaluate and assess the options for development of this vast gas resource. The purpose of this study was to assess whether gas-to-liquids (GTL) conversion technology would be an economic alternative for the development and sale of the large, remote, and currently unmarketable ANS natural gas resource, and to compare the long term economic impact of a GTL conversion option to that of the more frequently discussed natural gas pipeline/liquefied natural gas (LNG) option. The major components of the study are: an assessment of the ANS oil and gas resources; an analysis of conversion and transportation options; a review of natural gas, LNG, and selected oil product markets; and an economic analysis of the LNG and GTL gas sales options based on publicly available input needed for assumptions of the economic variables. Uncertainties in assumptions are evaluated by determining the sensitivity of project economics to changes in baseline economic variables.

Thomas, C.P.; Doughty, T.C.; Hackworth, J.H.; North, W.B.; Robertson, E.P.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Surface Energy Balance of the Western and Central Canadian Subarctic: Variations in the Energy Balance among Five Major Terrain Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the surface energy balance of 10 sites in the western and central Canadian subarctic is examined. Each research site is classified into one of five terrain types (lake, wetland, shrub tundra, upland tundra, and coniferous forest) ...

Andrea K. Eaton; Wayne R. Rouse; Peter M. Lafleur; Philip Marsh; Peter D. Blanken

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Analysis of WRF Model Wind Estimate Sensitivity to Physics Parameterization Choice and Terrain Representation in Andalusia (Southern Spain)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on an evaluation of the relative roles of choice of parameterization scheme and terrain representation in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) mesoscale model, in the context of a regional wind resource assessment. As a ...

F. J. Santos-Alamillos; D. Pozo-Vázquez; J. A. Ruiz-Arias; V. Lara-Fanego; J. Tovar-Pescador

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Radar-Based Quantitative Precipitation Estimation for the Cool Season in Complex Terrain: Case Studies from the NOAA Hydrometeorology Testbed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explores error sources of the National Weather Service operational radar-based quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE) during the cool season over the complex terrain of the western United States. A new, operationally geared radar ...

Jian Zhang; Youcun Qi; David Kingsmill; Kenneth Howard

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Isobaric Height Perturbations Associated with Mountain Waves Measured by Aircraft during the Terrain-Induced Rotor Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has only been in the last few years that accurate measurement of the horizontal pressure gradient has been possible over complex terrain using an airborne platform. To infer forcing mechanisms for the wind, an independent measure of the height ...

Thomas R. Parish; Larry D. Oolman

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

An Intense, Quasi-Steady Thunderstorm over Mountainous Terrain. Part II: Doppler Radar Observations of the Storm Morphological Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of an intense, quasi-steady thunderstorm which developed over mountainous terrain is presented. This storm, extensively analyzed using multiple Doppler radar and surface mesonet data, formed within an environment having strong low-...

Kevin R. Knupp; William R. Cotton

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Examination of Errors in Near-Surface Temperature and Wind from WRF Numerical Simulations in Regions of Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of an advanced research version of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) in predicting near-surface atmospheric temperature and wind conditions under various terrain and weather regimes is examined. Verification of 2-m ...

Hailing Zhang; Zhaoxia Pu; Xuebo Zhang

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Evaluation of Turbulence Closure Models for Large-Eddy Simulation over Complex Terrain: Flow over Askervein Hill  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evaluation of turbulence closure models for large-eddy simulation (LES) has primarily been performed over flat terrain, where comparisons with theory and observations are simplified. The authors have previously developed improved closure ...

Fotini Katopodes Chow; Robert L. Street

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

An Immersed Boundary Method Enabling Large-Eddy Simulations of Flow over Complex Terrain in the WRF Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a three-dimensional immersed boundary method (IBM) that facilitates the explicit resolution of complex terrain within the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Two interpolation methods—trilinear and inverse distance ...

Katherine A. Lundquist; Fotini Katopodes Chow; Julie K. Lundquist

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

High-Resolution Large-Eddy Simulations of Scalar Transport in Atmospheric Boundary Layer Flow over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents high-resolution numerical simulations of the atmospheric flow and concentration fields accompanying scalar transport and diffusion from a point source in complex terrain. Scalar dispersion is affected not only by mean flow, ...

Takenobu Michioka; Fotini Katopodes Chow

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Modeling Wind Field and Pollution Transport over a Complex Terrain Using an Emergency Dose Information Code SPEEDI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric dispersion code system SPEEDI (System for Prediction of Environmental Emergency Dose Information) has been applied to simulate the field experiments conducted over a complex terrain. A diagnostic mass-consistent wind field model of ...

R. Venkatesan; M. Möllmann-Coers; A. Natarajan

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Adding Complex Terrain and Stable Atmospheric Condition Capability to the Simulator for On/Offshore Wind Farm Applications (SOWFA) (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation describes changes made to NREL's OpenFOAM-based wind plant aerodynamics solver so that it can compute the stably stratified atmospheric boundary layer and flow over terrain. Background about the flow solver, the Simulator for Off/Onshore Wind Farm Applications (SOWFA) is given, followed by details of the stable stratification/complex terrain modifications to SOWFA, along with some preliminary results calculations of a stable atmospheric boundary layer and flow over a simple set of hills.

Churchfield, M. J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Adding Complex Terrain and Stable Atmospheric Condition Capability to the Simulator for On/Offshore Wind Farm Applications (SOWFA) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation describes changes made to NREL's OpenFOAM-based wind plant aerodynamics solver so that it can compute the stably stratified atmospheric boundary layer and flow over terrain. Background about the flow solver, the Simulator for Off/Onshore Wind Farm Applications (SOWFA) is given, followed by details of the stable stratification/complex terrain modifications to SOWFA, along with some preliminary results calculations of a stable atmospheric boundary layer and flow over a simple set of hills.

Churchfield, M. J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Final Report of the Grant: ''Vertical Transport and Mixing in Complex Terrain Airsheds''  

SciTech Connect

Stable stratification associated with nocturnal thermal circulation in areas of complex terrain leads to interesting and important phenomena that govern local meteorology and contaminant dispersion. Given that most urban areas are in complex topography, understanding and prediction of such phenomena are of immediate practical importance. This project dealt with theoretical, laboratory, numerical and field experimental studies aimed at understanding stratified flow and turbulence phenomena in urban areas, with particular emphasis on flow, turbulence and contaminant transport and diffusion in such flows. A myriad of new results were obtained and some of these results were used to improve the predictive capabilities of the models.

Harindra Joseph Fernando James Anderson Don Boyer Neil Berman

2004-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

273

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Projects: Alaska North Slope Oil and Gas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alaska North Slope Oil and Gas Transportation Support System Last Reviewed 12/23/2013 Alaska North Slope Oil and Gas Transportation Support System Last Reviewed 12/23/2013 DE-FE0001240 Goal The primary objectives of this project are to develop analysis and management tools related to Arctic transportation networks (e.g., ice and snow road networks) that are critical to North Slope, Alaska oil and gas development. Performers Geo-Watersheds Scientific, Fairbanks, AK 99708 University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775 Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID 83415 Background Oil and gas development on the North Slope is critical for maintaining U.S. energy supplies and is facing a period of new growth to meet the increasing energy needs of the nation. A majority of all exploration and development activities, pipeline maintenance, and other field support projects take

274

Circulation Induced by River Inflow in Well Mixed Water over a Sloping Continental Shelf  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The pressure field over a sloping continental shelf subject to freshwater runoff at the coast can be resolved into a nearly two-dimensional dynamic height field and a residual field, the latter arising from the interaction of baroclinity and ...

G. T. Csanady

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Mass transport in the Stokes edge wave for constant arbitrary bottom slope in a rotating ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lagrangian mass transport in the Stokes surface edge wave is obtained from the vertically integrated equations of momentum and mass in a viscous rotating ocean, correct to second order in wave steepness. The analysis is valid for bottom slope ...

Peygham Ghaffari; Jan Erik H. Weber

276

On the Shape–Slope Relation of Drop Size Distributions in Convective Rain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relation between the slope and shape parameters of the raindrop size distribution parameterized by a gamma distribution is examined. The comparison of results of a simple rain shaft model with an empirical relation based on disdrometer ...

Axel Seifert

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Data from Innovative Methane Hydrate Test on Alaska's North Slope Now  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Data from Innovative Methane Hydrate Test on Alaska's North Slope Data from Innovative Methane Hydrate Test on Alaska's North Slope Now Available on NETL Website Data from Innovative Methane Hydrate Test on Alaska's North Slope Now Available on NETL Website March 11, 2013 - 10:07am Addthis DOE participated in gas hydrate field production trials in early 2012 in partnership with ConocoPhillips and the Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corp at the IÄ¡nik Sikumi (Inupiat for “Fire in the Ice”) test well, shown here, on the north slope of Alaska. Datasets from that field trial are now available to the public. DOE participated in gas hydrate field production trials in early 2012 in partnership with ConocoPhillips and the Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corp at the Iġnik Sikumi (Inupiat for "Fire in the Ice") test well,

278

Quasi-Steady Katabatic Winds on Slopes in Wide Valleys: Hydraulic Theory and Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theoretical and field observational studies on mean velocity and temperature fields of quasi-steady nocturnal downslope (katabatic) flows on sloping surfaces are reported for the case of very wide valleys in the presence of weak synoptic winds. ...

M. Princevac; J. C. R. Hunt; H. J. S. Fernando

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

NETL: News Release -Alaskan North Slope Well to Sample and Test...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 20, 2007 Alaskan North Slope Well to Sample and Test Gas Hydrate DOE-Led Interagency R&D Effort Key Step to Unlocking Vast Energy Resource WASHINGTON, DC - Drilling is...

280

Evolvement of tsunami waves on the continental shelves with gentle slope in the China Seas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Potential tsunami generated in the Okinawa Trench or the Manila Trench may attack the southeast coast of China. The continental shelves with extremely gentle slope in the China Seas affect the evolvement of tsunami waves. In this paper

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

A Modified Logarithmic Law for Neutrally Stratified Flow over Low-Sloped Hills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of the atmospheric boundary layer flow over two-dimensional low-sloped hills under a neutral atmosphere finds numerous applications in meteorology and engineering, such as the development of large-scale atmospheric models, the siting of ...

Cláudio C. Pellegrini; Gustavo C. R. Bodstein

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Tidally Forced Internal Waves and Overturns Observed on a Slope: Results from HOME  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tidal mixing over a slope was explored using moored time series observations on Kaena Ridge extending northwest from Oahu, Hawaii, during the Survey component of the Hawaii Ocean Mixing Experiment (HOME). A mooring was instrumented to sample the ...

Murray D. Levine; Timothy J. Boyd

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Diapycnal Diffusivity Inferred from Scalar Microstructure Measurements near the New England Shelf/Slope Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conductivity microstructure was used to estimate the diapycnal thermal eddy diffusivity KT near the New England shelf/slope front in early August 1997. Two datasets were collected with a towed vehicle. One involved several horizontal tows in and ...

Chris R. Rehmann; Timothy F. Duda

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Model for Calculating Photosynthetic Photon Flux Densities in Forest Openings on Slopes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model has been developed to calculate the spatial distribution of the photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) in elliptical forest openings of given slopes and orientations. The PPFD is separated into direct and diffuse components. The direct ...

Jing M. Chen; T. Andrew Black; David T. Price; Reid E. Carter

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Episodes of Strong Flow down the Western Slope of the Subtropical Andes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nocturnal flows down the narrow Andean valleys within the western slope of the subtropical Andes (central Chile) are episodically enhanced by easterly downslope winds that flow into the Santiago basin over the radiatively cooled air above the ...

JoséA. Rutllant; RenéD. Garreaud

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Engineering properties of Resedimented Ugnu Clay from the Alaskan North Slope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research determined the engineering properties of laboratory Resedimented Ugnu Clay (RUC) specimens created using recovered material from 3800 ft below the surface of the Alaskan Northern Slope to aid with future ...

Jones, Cullen A. (Cullen Albert)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Long-Term Coastal Upwelling over a Continental Shelf–Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-term coastal upwelling over a continental shelf-slope with emphasis on the planetary dispersion of Rossby waves is studied with numerical models. The ocean is forced by a wind stress with a limited longshore extent. The thermocline ...

Nobuo Suginohara; Yoshiteru Kitamura

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

The Development of the Barotropic Radiation Field of an Eddy over a Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Low-frequency current measurements near the shelf break south of Nova Scotia indicate that the presence of topographic waves on the continental slope, and rise is associated with large-scale shoreward excursions and formation of eddies by the ...

John P. Louis; Peter C. Smith

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Thermal Fronts Generated by Internal Waves Propagating Obliquely along the Continental Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rapid temperature falls occurring at semidiurnal periods are observed close to the bottom above the continental slope in the Bay of Biscay. Simultaneous current measurements reveal that the abrupt temperature decrease O(0.5 K) within one minute ...

Johannes R. Gemmrich; Hans van Haren

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

ARMs Climate Change Educational Outreach on the North Slope...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM's Climate Change Educational Outreach on the North Slope of Alaska C. E. Talus, F. J. Barnes, and M. H. Springer Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico R. H....

291

Daytime Heat Transfer Processes Related to Slope Flows and Turbulent Convection in an Idealized Mountain Valley  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mechanisms governing the daytime development of thermally driven circulations along the transverse axis of idealized two-dimensional valleys are investigated by means of large-eddy simulations. In particular, the impact of slope winds and ...

Stefano Serafin; Dino Zardi

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

The Cascade of Tidal Energy from Low to High Modes on a Continental Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear transfer of tidal energy from large to small scales is quantified for small tidal excursion over a near-critical continental slope. A theoretical framework for low-wavenumber energy transfer is derived from “flat bottom” vertical modes ...

Samuel M. Kelly; Jonathan D. Nash; Kim I. Martini; Matthew H. Alford; Eric Kunze

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Tidal Eulerian Residual Currents over a Slope: Analytical and Numerical Frictionless Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Eulerian residual tidal currents generated over a continental slope are examined. Using the assumption of a Poincaré wave, the linear frictionless solution of a semidiurnal tidal wave propagating from the deep ocean to a constant depth ...

Robert Mazé; Gilbert Langlois; François Grosjean

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Acceleration of a Stratified Current over a Sloping Bottom, Driven by an Alongshelf Pressure Gradient  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An idealized theoretical model is developed for the acceleration of a two-dimensional, stratified current over a uniformly sloping bottom, driven by an imposed alongshelf pressure gradient and taking into account the effects of buoyancy advection ...

David C. Chapman; Steven J. Lentz

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Asymmetric Behavior of an Oceanic Boundary Layer above a Sloping Bottom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of stratification, planetary rotation and a sloping bottom combine to produce an asymmetric response in which the characteristics of an oceanic bottom boundary layer depend on the direction, in addition to the magnitude, of the along-...

J. H. Trowbridge; S. J. Lentz

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Comparing Temperature and Humidity on a Mountain Slope and in the Free Air Nearby  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface temperature and humidity data measured by eight remote weather stations on a south-facing slope in the San Bernardino Mountains of Southern California were compared with temperature and humidity data measured by a rawinsonde at the same ...

Morris H. McCutchan

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The Response of Stratified Shelf and Slope Waters to Steady Offshore Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of steady, deep-ocean forcing on the flow over a continental slope and shelf region is examined using a linear and time-independent numerical model which includes continuous stratification, vertical and horizontal diffusion of momentum ...

Kathryn A. Kelly; David C. Chapman

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Observed Oceanic Response over the Upper Continental Slope and Outer Shelf during Hurricane Ivan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hurricane Ivan passed directly over an array of 14 acoustic Doppler current profilers deployed along the outer continental shelf and upper slope in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Currents in excess of 200 cm s?1 were generated during this ...

W. J. Teague; E. Jarosz; D. W. Wang; D. A. Mitchell

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Exact Solutions of Wind-Driven Coastal Upwelling and Downwelling over Sloping Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamics of wind-driven coastal upwelling and downwelling are studied using a simplified dynamical model. Exact solutions are examined as a function of time and over a family of sloping topographies. Assumptions in the two-dimensional model ...

P. F. Choboter; Dana Duke; J. P. Horton; Paul Sinz

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

An Investigation of the Slope–Shape Relation for Gamma Raindrop Size Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The gamma drop size distribution (DSD) has been widely used in the meteorological community for years to model observed DSD. It has been found that the relation between the slope (?) and shape (?) parameters of the gamma DSD can be empirically ...

Yen-Hsyang Chu; Ching-Lun Su

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Subinertial Slope-Trapped Waves in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current velocity from moored arrays of acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) deployed on the outer shelf and slope, south of Mobile Bay in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, shows evidence of alongslope, generally westward-propagating ...

Z. R. Hallock; W. J. Teague; E. Jarosz

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Pressure-slope momentum transfer in ocean surface boundary layers coupled with gravity waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper focuses on the consequences of including surface and subsurface, wind forced, pressure-slope momentum transfer into the oceanic water column, a transfer process which competes with now-conventional turbulence transfer based on mixing ...

George Mellor

303

A chronostratigraphic framework for the northwestern slope of the gulf of mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sediments from two cores, JPC31 and JPC46, were analyzed to better understand the relationship between climate and sediment deposition on the continental slope of the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. These two cores were selected from a suite of cores collected from the slope of the Gulf of Mexico after examining how bulk density varied with depth in the cores. The presence/absence of Globoratalia menardii, down-core variations of the 18O of Globigerinoides ruber, tephrochronology, and radiocarbon dating of G. ruber were used to determine the chronologies of the sediments in the cores. Globorotalia menardii were present until a depth of 100 cm in JPC31. The entrance of G. menardii in the Gulf of Mexico was dated at 8 kyr. Analysis of an ash layer found in both JPC31 and 46 yielded a date of 84 kyr, at depths of 700 cm and 1440 cm, respectively. Radiocarbon dating yielded four ages in JPC31. In sediment core JPC31, Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 1-5 were recorded. In sediment core JPC46, MIS 2-4 and a portion of MIS 5 were recorded. These results provide a framework for determining general sedimentation rates from the northwestern slope of the Gulf of Mexico. Events in the density profiles in JPC31 and JPC46 were correlated to corresponding events in the rest of the slope cores, allowing the chronologies of JPC31 and JPC46 to be transferred to the suite of the slope cores. Sedimentation rates along different portions of the slope were then calculated, and variations in these sedimentation rates were used to better understand slope sedimentary processes. Sedimentation rates on the northwestern slope of the Gulf of Mexico were calculated for the most recent 120,000 years and compared with climate to deduce trends. Sedimentation rates for MIS 1-5 ranged from 7 cm/kyr to 28 cm/kyr. The sedimentation rate for the last glaciation (MIS 2, 3, and 4) were the highest for the time interval studied. The lowered sea level during glacial advances brings sediments farther out onto the slope; therefore, a higher sedimentation rate is expected during this time. These rates varied from 22 cm/kyr near the coast to 7 cm/kyr toward the abyssal plains. Of the 12 cores analyzed along the slope, JPC23 and JPC24 had the lowest sedimentation rates. This is likely due to high density bottom currents and turbidity currents which carry sediments farther out on the slope. Therefore, the lowest sedimentation rates would be expected a great distance from the land mass and some distance from the abyssal plains.

Elston, Kristen Eileen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Bringing Alaska North Slope Natural Gas to Market (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

At least three alternatives have been proposed over the years for bringing sizable volumes of natural gas from Alaskas remote North Slope to market in the lower 48 States: a pipeline interconnecting with the existing pipeline system in central Alberta, Canada; a GTL plant on the North Slope; and a large LNG export facility at Valdez, Alaska. NEMS explicitly models the pipeline and GTL options [63]. The what if LNG option is not modeled in NEMS.

Information Center

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

305

Ten-year growth of woody species planted in reclaimed mined banks with different slopes  

SciTech Connect

In landscape reconstruction in an opencast coal mine, a gradient of slopes can be obtained. The slope gradient can affect different processes, such as plant growth, especially in semi-arid conditions. On the other hand, to favor the heterogeneity of habitats and ensure long-term restoration, late successional woody species have been planted but with heterogeneous results. In this study, the effect of a slope gradient (from 11.4 to 15.5 degrees) on the growth and survival of five Mediterranean woody species 10 years after the reconstruction of mining banks was evaluated. Slope gradient reduced height growth significantly from 10 cm degree{sup -1} (lentish) to 25 cm degree{sup -1} (pine) in 10-year- old woody species. This gradient also reduced basal diameter growth from 0.22 mm degree{sup -1} (juniper) to 0.58 mm degree{sup -1} (pine). Survival and slope were not significantly correlated. Growth and survival of the 10-year- old woody species were equal to or higher than those of the same species in other afforestations in semi-arid conditions. This outcome demonstrates the adequacy of species and applied techniques of restoration that allow a long-term reliability of reclaimed mine slopes.

Badia, D.; Valero, R.; Gracia, A.; Marti, C.; Molina, F. [Escuela Politecnica Superior, Huesca (Spain)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

The relation between the optical spectral slope and the luminosity for 17 Palomar-Green QSOs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using 7.5-year spectroscopic monitoring data of a sample of 17 Palomar-Green QSOs (PG QSOs) (z=0.061-0.371), we obtain the optical spectral slope for each object at all epochs by a power-law fit to the spectra in continuum bands. All of these 17 PG QSOs exhibit obvious spectral slope variability. Most of the 17 objects show anti-correlation between the spectral slope and the rest-frame 5100$\\AA$ continuum flux while five of them exist strong anti-correlation (correlation coefficient R larger than 0.5). For the ensemble of these 17 PG QSOs, a strong anti-correlation between the average spectral slope and the average rest-frame 5100$\\AA$ luminosity is found while no correlation is found between the spectral slope and the Eddington ratio. A median anti-correlation between spectral slope changes and continuum flux variations is also found which indicates a hardening of the spectrum during bright phases. Accretion disk (jet) instability models with other mechanisms associated with changes in the accretion processes are promising.

X. Pu; W. Bian; K. Huang

2006-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

307

Effects of all-terrain vehicle trails on stream channel characteristics, Ouachita National Forest, Arkansas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research shows that road and trail crossings have negative impacts on forest streams, and that off-road vehicles are detrimental to the environment. However, little information is available concerning the effects of such vehicles on stream channels and riverine environments. This research investigates the effects of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), one of the many types of off-road vehicles, on stream channel characteristics in the Ouachita National Forest, Arkansas, where the Wolf Pen Gap All-Terrain Vehicle Trail system was built and opened to public use in 1991. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences in stream pool characteristics between the "pristine" control stream (Caney Creek) and those affected by ATV trails (Board Camp Creek and Gap Creek) in the national forest. Pools in Board Camp Creek and Gap Creek were found to have increased amounts of sands and fines, higher values of embeddedness, lower depths, and less volume. These characteristics are consistent with observations that ATV trails are primary sources of sediment input into stream channels. Statistical differences in pool characteristics between streams affected by forest roads (Brushy Creek) and those by ATV trails were also revealed, although forest roads apparently impact streams to a lesser extent than ATV trails. The effects of roads and trails on stream pool characteristics were illustrated using Geographic Information Systems. These findings have important implications for the ecological integrity of stream systems in areas affected by ATV trails. They also contribute potentially valuable information in the management context.

Rohrer, Deven Michelle

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Sub-microradian Surface Slope Metrology with the ALS Developmental Long Trace Profiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development of X-ray optics for 3rd and 4th generation X-ray light sources with a level of surface slope precision of 0.1-0.2 {micro}rad requires the development of adequate fabrication technologies and dedicated metrology instrumentation and methods. Currently, the best performance of surface slope measurement has been achieved with the NOM (Nanometer Optical Component Measuring Machine) slope profiler at BESSY (Germany) [1] and the ESAD (Extended Shear Angle Difference) profiler at the PTB (Germany) [2]. Both instruments are based on electronic autocollimators (AC) precisely calibrated for the specific application [3] with small apertures of 2.5-5 mm in diameter. In the present work, we describe the design, initial alignment and calibration procedures, the instrumental control and data acquisition system, as well as the measurement performance of the Developmental Long Trace Profiler (DLTP) slope measuring instrument recently brought into operation at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) Optical Metrology Laboratory (OML). Similar to the NOM and ESAD, the DLTP is based on a precisely calibrated autocollimator. However, this is a reasonably low budget instrument used at the ALS OML for the development and testing of new measuring techniques and methods. Some of the developed methods have been implemented into the ALS LTP-II (slope measuring long trace profiler [4]) which was recently upgraded and has demonstrated a capability for 0.25 {micro}rad surface metrology [5]. Performance of the DLTP was verified via a number of measurements with high quality reference mirrors. A comparison with the corresponding results obtained with the world's best slope measuring instrument, the BESSY NOM, proves the accuracy of the DLTP measurements on the level of 0.1-0.2 {micro}rad depending on the curvature of a surface under test. The directions of future work to develop a surface slope measuring profiler with nano-radian performance are also discussed.

Yashchuk, Valeriy V.; Barber, Samuel; Domning, Edward E.; Kirschman, Jonathan L.; Morrison, Gregory Y.; Smith, Brian V.; Siewert, Frank; Zeschke, Thomas; Geckeler, Ralf; Just, Andreas

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

COMPARISON OF SPECTRAL SLOPES OF MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC AND HYDRODYNAMIC TURBULENCE AND MEASUREMENTS OF ALIGNMENT EFFECTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We performed a series of high-resolution (up to 1024{sup 3}) direct numerical simulations of hydro and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. Our simulations correspond to the 'strong' MHD turbulence regime that cannot be treated perturbatively. We found that for simulations with normal viscosity the slopes for energy spectra of MHD are similar to ones in hydro, although slightly more shallower. However, for simulations with hyperviscosity the slopes were very different, for instance, the slopes for hydro simulations showed a pronounced and well defined bottleneck effect, while the MHD slopes were relatively much less affected. We believe that this is indicative of MHD strong turbulence being less local than the Kolmogorov turbulence. This calls for revision of MHD strong turbulence models that assume local 'as-in-hydro case' cascading. Nonlocality of MHD turbulence casts doubt on numerical determination of the slopes with currently available (512{sup 3}-1024{sup 3}) numerical resolutions, including simulations with normal viscosity. We also measure various so-called alignment effects and discuss their influence on the turbulent cascade.

Beresnyak, A.; Lazarian, A. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)], E-mail: andrey@astro.wisc.edu, E-mail: lazarian@astro.wisc.edu

2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

310

File:EIA-AK-NorthSlope-liquids.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alaskan North Slope By 2001 Liquids Reserve Class Alaskan North Slope By 2001 Liquids Reserve Class Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(6,600 × 5,100 pixels, file size: 2.17 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Alaskan North Slope By 2001 Liquids Reserve Class Sources Energy Information Administration Authors Samuel H. Limerick; Lucy Luo; Gary Long; David F. Morehouse; Jack Perrin; Robert F. King Related Technologies Oil, Natural Gas Creation Date 2005-09-01 Extent Regional Countries United States UN Region Northern America States Alaska File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 16:57, 20 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 16:57, 20 December 2010 6,600 × 5,100 (2.17 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

311

File:EIA-AK-NorthSlope-gas.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alaskan North Slope By 2001 Gas Reserve Class Alaskan North Slope By 2001 Gas Reserve Class Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(6,600 × 5,100 pixels, file size: 2.16 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Alaskan North Slope By 2001 Gas Reserve Class Sources Energy Information Administration Authors Samuel H. Limerick; Lucy Luo; Gary Long; David F. Morehouse; Jack Perrin; Robert F. King Related Technologies Oil, Natural Gas Creation Date 2005-09-01 Extent Regional Countries United States UN Region Northern America States Alaska File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 16:57, 20 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 16:57, 20 December 2010 6,600 × 5,100 (2.16 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

312

File:EIA-AK-NorthSlope-BOE.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

File File Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » File:EIA-AK-NorthSlope-BOE.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Alaskan North Slope By 2001 BOE Reserve Class Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(6,600 × 5,100 pixels, file size: 2.16 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Alaskan North Slope By 2001 BOE Reserve Class Sources Energy Information Administration Authors Samuel H. Limerick; Lucy Luo; Gary Long; David F. Morehouse; Jack Perrin; Robert F. King Related Technologies Oil, Natural Gas Creation Date 2005-09-01 Extent Regional Countries United States UN Region Northern America States Alaska File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

313

Process of Equiaxed Grains of RE-Al Alloy under Slope Vibration  

SciTech Connect

A new technique using slope vibration casting process during heating and isothermal holding period to prepare Al-7Si-2RE alloy has been studied. The small, near-spherical and non-dendritic microstructure with the semi-solid processing requirements has been obtained. Experiments show that the cooling method, pouring process and the convection of melt caused by slope vibration had significant effects on the formation of near-spherical primary gains. The water-cooled copper mold casting with slope vibration at the temperature near liquidus can obtain Al-7Si-2RE alloy with small homogeneous equiaxed grains, the average grain diameter is 48.3 mum, and the average grain roundness is 1.92.

Xie Shikun; Yi Rongxi; Pan Xiaoliang; Zheng Xiaoqiu; Guo Xiuyan [School of Engineering, Jinggangshan University, Ji'an, 343009 (China)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Paleomagnetic results from the Sadlerochit and Shublik Mountains, Arctic National Wildlife Range (ANWR), and other North Slope sites, Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carboniferous through Triassic sedimentary units exposed in the Shublik and Sadlerochit Mountains were sampled in an attempt to obtain reliable primary magnetic components. Reliable pre-Cretaceous paleomagnetic poles from this area would greatly advance the understanding of the rotation and latitudinal displacement history of the North Slope. Carbonate rocks of the Carboniferous Lisburne Group were drilled in south-dipping units of Katakturuk Canyon, Sadlerochit Mountains, and in the north-dipping Fire Creek section, Shublik Mountains. Magnetic cleaning involved stepwise thermal demagnetization to 550/sup 0/C. Principal component analysis of the demagnetization results defines two major components of magnetization. The secondary component is steep and down (inc = 87/sup 0/), but the characteristic component (325/sup 0/C-500/sup 0/C) is reversed. The secondary magnetization postdates Cretaceous and younger folding, whereas the characteristic component was acquired before folding. The components may have recorded two phases of overprinting: a late Cretaceous into Cenozoic normal overprint and a predeformation remagnetization episode during a time of reverse polarity. However, the reverse component more likely is primary remanence. If so, it would suggest little latitudinal displacement but 40/sup 0/ of clockwise rotation with respect to North America. The Devonian Nanook Limestone, sampled in the Shublik Mountains, also reveals two major components of magnetization; however, the characteristic component is isolated at blocking temperatures greater than 500/sup 0/C and is shallower in inclination than expected from the Devonian reference pole for North America.

Plumley, P.W.; Tailleur, I.L.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Building and Evaluating Borehole-Image-Constrained Facies Models of a Complex Channelised Slope System, Karoo Basin, South Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As hydrocarbons become scarcer, submarine channelised slope systems have become a focus of exploration due to their reservoir potential. Outcrops of both levee-confined (Unit C)… (more)

Van Toorenenburg, K.A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Regional Weather Prediction with a Model Combining Terrain-following and Isentropic Coordinates. Part I: Model Description  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A short-range numerical prediction model, which is part of a real-time 3-h data assimilation and forecast system, is described. The distinguishing feature of the model is the use of terrain-following (?) coordinate surfaces in the lower ...

Rainer Bleck; Stanley G. Benjamin

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Numerical Study of Terrain-Induced Mesoscale Motions and Hydrostatic Form Drag in a Heated, Growing Mixed Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A four-layer three-dimensional model whose lowest layer is a time and space-dependent, well-mixed boundary layer is employed over artificial, irregular terrain on the mesoscale during a daytime heating cycle. Only if the surface heating and mixed-...

J. W. Deardorff; K. Ueyoshi; Y-J. Han

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Utah Distillate Fuel Oil, Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Utah Distillate Fuel Oil, Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks at Refineries, Bulk Terminals, and Natural Gas Plants (Thousand Barrels)

319

Greater Cincinnati Regional Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office of...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Ohio Regions Greater Cincinnati Regional Science Bowl National Science Bowl (NSB) NSB Home About NSB High School High School Students High School Coaches High School Regionals...

320

Mooring-Based Observations of Double-Diffusive Staircases over the Laptev Sea Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A yearlong time series from mooring-based high-resolution profiles of water temperature and salinity from the Laptev Sea slope (2003–04; 2686-m depth; 78°26?N, 125°37?E) shows six remarkably persistent staircase layers in the depth range of ~140–...

Igor V. Polyakov; Andrey V. Pnyushkov; Robert Rember; Vladimir V. Ivanov; Y.-D. Lenn; Laurie Padman; Eddy C. Carmack

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The Shape–Slope Relation in Observed Gamma Raindrop Size Distributions: Statistical Error or Useful Information?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-parameter gamma distribution n(D) = N0Dµ exp(–?D) is often used to characterize a raindrop size distribution (DSD). The parameters µ and ? correspond to the shape and slope of the DSD. If µ and ? are related to one another, as recent ...

Guifu Zhang; J. Vivekanandan; Edward A. Brandes; Robert Meneghini; Toshiaki Kozu

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Hydrographic and Current Observations on the Continental Slope and Shelf of the Western Equatorial Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrographic and current-profiling data from December 1980 and current-meter data obtained between September 1980 and November 1981 from the continental slope and shelf of the western equatorial Atlantic between 2° and 7°N are used to describe ...

Charles N. Flagg; R. Lee Gordon; Scott McDowell

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The effects of slope limiting on asymptotic-preserving numerical methods for hyperbolic conservation laws  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many hyperbolic systems of equations with stiff relaxation terms reduce to a parabolic description when relaxation dominates. An asymptotic-preserving numerical method is a discretization of the hyperbolic system that becomes a valid discretization of ... Keywords: Asymptotic-preserving numerical methods, Discontinuous Galerkin, Slope limiters, Thermal radiative transfer

Ryan G. McClarren; Robert B. Lowrie

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Logisnet: A tool for multimethod, multiple soil layers slope stability analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shallow landslides and slope failures have been studied from several points of view (inventory, heuristic, statistic, and deterministic). In particular, numerous methods embedded in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) applications have been developed ... Keywords: California, GIS, Landslides, Modeling, Multiple logistic regression, Redwood national and state parks, SINMAP

G. Legorreta Paulin; M. Bursik

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Alaskan N. Slope focus shifts from wildcats to cutting production costs  

SciTech Connect

North Slope operators are trying to hold the line against declining production with programs hit by lingering uncertainty over crude prices and taxes. The emphasis has shifted from last year's strong exploratory drilling campaign and high hopes fueled by the Kuvlum discovery to focus on more cost-efficient recovery of oil from producing fields. On the exploratory scene, the level of activity was low this past winter on the North Slope. Although Prudhoe Bay remains far out in front as the top producing field in the US, a field decline that began in 1989 continues. Overall, North Slope output declined in the first quarter but at a lower rate than Prudhoe Bay's. During the period, Prudhoe Bay, Kuparuk River, Endicott, Point McIntyre, and Milne Point together produced an average 1.64 million b/d, down 2.4% from last year. Horizontal wells and coiled tubing are an important part of the productivity of the Prudhoe Bay field. The paper discusses this technology, as well as the Gas Handling Expansion No.2 facility. The bright spot in the North Slope is the Point McIntyre field discovered in 1988. The paper gives some background and production figures for this field. Niakuk and Milne Point fields are also highlighted.

Not Available

1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

326

Fronts Formed by Obliquely Reflecting Internal Waves at a Sloping Boundary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A characteristic of internal waves reflecting from sloping boundaries is that they form fronts that travel with the component of the phase speed of the waves up the boundary. The strength of the fronts is assessed by estimating the magnitude of ...

S. A. Thorpe

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Obstacles, Slopes, and Tic-Tac-Toe: An excursion in discrete geometry and combinatorial game theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A drawing of a graph is said to be a {\\em straight-line drawing} if the vertices of $G$ are represented by distinct points in the plane and every edge is represented by a straight-line segment connecting the corresponding pair of vertices and not passing through any other vertex of $G$. The minimum number of slopes in a straight-line drawing of $G$ is called the slope number of $G$. We show that every cubic graph can be drawn in the plane with straight-line edges using only the four basic slopes $\\{0,\\pi/4,\\pi/2,-\\pi/4\\}$. We also prove that four slopes have this property if and only if we can draw $K_4$ with them. Given a graph $G$, an {\\em obstacle representation} of $G$ is a set of points in the plane representing the vertices of $G$, together with a set of obstacles (connected polygons) such that two vertices of $G$ are joined by an edge if and only if the corresponding points can be connected by a segment which avoids all obstacles. The {\\em obstacle number} of $G$ is the minimum number of obstacles in a...

Mukkamala, V S Padmini

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

A Model of Gulf Stream Frontal Instabilities, Meanders and Eddies along the Continental Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a simplified model of the Gulf Stream front along a vertical-walled continental slope of a constant-depth ocean basin, the dynamics governing frontal instabilities, meanders, and eddies depend primarily on (i) L0/ R0, the ratio of the cross-...

Lie-Yauw Oey

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Some Two-Layer Models of the Shelf-Slope Front: Geostrophic Adjustment and its Maintenance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two conceptual models of a two-layered frontal system are presented to study the wintertime shelf-slope front. The first model examines the geostrophic adjustment over a step topography after the fall overturning and applies only over short time ...

Hsien Wang Ou

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Construction of accurate geological cross-sections along trenches, cliffs and mountain slopes using photogrammetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the application of close range photogrammetry for the construction of geological cross-sections from outcrops located on trenches, cliffs and mountain slopes. Our methodology is based on stereoscopic pairs of photographs of the outcrops ... Keywords: Geological cross-section, Photogeological interpretation, Photogrammetry, Stereoscopic pair, Structure from motion (SFM)

Santiago MartíN; Hodei Uzkeda; Josep Poblet; Mayte Bulnes; RamóN Rubio

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

High-Resolution Numerical Modeling of Thermally Driven Slope Winds in a Valley with Strong Capping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complete day–night cycle of the circulation over a slope under simplified idealized boundary conditions is investigated by means of large-eddy simulations (LES). The thermal forcing is given with a time-varying law for the surface ...

Franco Catalano; Antonio Cenedese

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

SLOPE STABILITY EVALUATION AND EQUIPMENT SETBACK DISTANCES FOR BURIAL GROUND EXCAVATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After 1970 Transuranic (TRU) and suspect TRU waste was buried in the ground with the intention that at some later date the waste would be retrieved and processed into a configuration for long term storage. To retrieve this waste the soil must be removed (excavated). Sloping the bank of the excavation is the method used to keep the excavation from collapsing and to provide protection for workers retrieving the waste. The purpose of this paper is to document the minimum distance (setback) that equipment must stay from the edge of the excavation to maintain a stable slope. This evaluation examines the equipment setback distance by dividing the equipment into two categories, (1) equipment used for excavation and (2) equipment used for retrieval. The section on excavation equipment will also discuss techniques used for excavation including the process of benching. Calculations 122633-C-004, 'Slope Stability Analysis' (Attachment A), and 300013-C-001, 'Crane Stability Analysis' (Attachment B), have been prepared to support this evaluation. As shown in the calculations the soil has the following properties: Unit weight 110 pounds per cubic foot; and Friction Angle (natural angle of repose) 38{sup o} or 1.28 horizontal to 1 vertical. Setback distances are measured from the top edge of the slope to the wheels/tracks of the vehicles and heavy equipment being utilized. The computer program utilized in the calculation uses the center of the wheel or track load for the analysis and this difference is accounted for in this evaluation.

MCSHANE DS

2010-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

333

The Breaking and Scattering of the Internal Tide on a Continental Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A strong internal tide is generated in the Luzon Strait that radiates westward to impact the continental shelf of the South China Sea. Mooring data in 1500-m depth on the continental slope show a fortnightly averaged incoming tidal flux of 12 kW m?...

Jody M. Klymak; Matthew H. Alford; Robert Pinkel; Ren-Chieh Lien; Yung Jang Yang; Tswen-Yung Tang

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Channel complex architecture of fine-grained submarine fans at the base-of-slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fan-valley or upper fan channel connects the submarine canyon on the outer shelf-upper slope to the basin proper. It is an erosionally-formed channel that is a conduit for sediment transported to the basin. The valley may widen where it enters the base-of-slope area. Most of the density flows are much smaller than the initial flow and therefore will not occupy the entire width of the upper fan channel. Smaller individual channels will be constructed resulting in a massive fill comprised of amalgamated sandstones. Sand-rich levees and overbank deposits flank each channel. Channel switching may take place toward locations with a slightly steeper gradient. These switches most likely result from irregular flow successions and different flow sizes. Erosion between successive channels is common, removing part of the channel fill and levee-overbank deposits. This results in a disorderly distribution of low-permeability barriers creating local obstruction to connectivity. A study of the sedimentological architecture of the updip mid-fan channel complex was conducted on cliff sections of the Permian Tanqua Karoo subbasin in South Africa, and in Big Rock Quarry in North Little Rock, Arkansas. Seismic records of the base-of-slope of the Mississippi Fan show a widening pattern, and of the Bryant Canyon Fan Complex south of the Sigsbee Escarpment the channel complexity. Integration of seismic data in outcrop observations improves our understanding of the complexity of many good reservoir sands, typically overlain by slope shales.

Bouma, A.H. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Gwang, H. [Kunsan National Univ. (Korea, Democratic People`s Republic of); Van Antwerepen, O. [Univ. of Port Elizabeth (South Africa)] [and others

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Observations of a Large-Amplitude Internal Wave Train and Its Reflection off a Steep Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Remote and in situ field observations documenting the reflection of a normally incident, short, and large-amplitude internal wave train off a steep slope are presented and interpreted with the help of the Dubreil–Jacotin–Long theory. Of the seven ...

Daniel Bourgault; David C. Janes; Peter S. Galbraith

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Investigation of Soil Erosion from Bare Steep Slopes of the Humid Tropic Philippines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the Visayas State College of Agriculture (ViSCA) on the island of Leyte in the Philippines, hydrologic and soil-loss measurements were recorded for 32 erosion events over 3 yr on three 12-m-long bare soil plots with slopes of approximately 50%,...

A. L. Presbitero; C. W. Rose; B. Yu; C. A. A. Ciesiolka; K. J. Coughlan; B. Fentie

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Current Meter Observations on the Continental Slope at Two Sites in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current-meter observations obtained at two sites on the continental slope of the eastern Gulf of Mexico, at nominal positions of 29°N, 88°W (the Mobile site) and 27.5°N, 85.5°W (the Tampa site) are presented. Data were collected at three levels ...

Robert L. Molinari; Dennis A. Mayer

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Shear Wave Velocity Structure of Southern African Crust: Evidence for Compositional Heterogeneity within Archaean and Proterozoic Terrains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crustal structure in southern Africa has been investigated by jointly inverting receiver functions and Rayleigh wave group velocities for 89 broadband seismic stations spanning much of the Precambrian shield of southern Africa. 1-D shear wave velocity profiles obtained from the inversion yield Moho depths that are similar to those reported in previous studies and show considerable variability in the shear wave velocity structure of the lower part of the crust between some terrains. For many of the Archaean and Proterozoic terrains in the shield, S velocities reach 4.0 km/s or higher over a substantial part of the lower crust. However, for most of the Kimberley terrain and adjacent parts of the Kheis Province and Witwatersrand terrain, as well as for the western part of the Tokwe terrain, mean shear wave velocities of {le} 3.9 km/s characterize the lower part of the crust along with slightly ({approx}5 km) thinner crust. These findings indicate that the lower crust across much of the shield has a predominantly mafic composition, except for the southwest portion of the Kaapvaal Craton and western portion of the Zimbabwe Craton, where the lower crust is intermediate-to-felsic in composition. The parts of the Kaapvaal Craton underlain by intermediate-to-felsic lower crust coincide with regions where Ventersdorp rocks have been preserved, and thus we suggest that the intermediate-to-felsic composition of the lower crust and the shallower Moho may have resulted from crustal melting during the Ventersdorp tectonomagmatic event at c. 2.7 Ga and concomitant crustal thinning caused by rifting.

Kgaswane, E M; Nyblade, A A; Julia, J; Dirks, P H H M; Durrheim, R J; Pasyanos, M E

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

339

EIS-0375: Disposal of Greater-than-Class-C Low-Level Radioactive Waste and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Disposal of Greater-than-Class-C Low-Level Radioactive 5: Disposal of Greater-than-Class-C Low-Level Radioactive Waste and Department of Energy GTCC-like Waste EIS-0375: Disposal of Greater-than-Class-C Low-Level Radioactive Waste and Department of Energy GTCC-like Waste EIS-0375: Disposal of Greater-than-Class-C Low-Level Radioactive Waste and Department of Energy GTCC-like Waste Summary This EIS evaluates the reasonably foreseeable environmental impacts associated with the proposed development, operation, and long-term management of a disposal facility or facilities for Greater-Than-Class C (GTCC) low-level radioactive waste and GTCC-like waste. The Environmental Protection Agency is a cooperating agency in the preparation of this EIS. The EIS evaluates potential impacts from the construction and operation of

340

The Alternative Density Structures of Cold/Saltwater Pools on a Sloping Bottom: The Role of Friction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observed density sections through dense-water pools or lenses on sloping topography typically have an asymmetric structure. One side of the dense lens usually is bounded by isopycnals that slope steeply down to the seabed while, on the other side,...

G. I. Shapiro; A. E. Hill

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Determination of the most probable slip surface in 3D slopes considering the effect of earthquake force direction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Considering the effect of earthquake forces on stability of slopes has always been of crucial importance in seismic analysis of geotechnical structures like dams, roads and embankments and there has been much concern about stability of cuts, fills and ... Keywords: 3D slopes, Earthquake force inclination, Stability analysis

A. Ahangar-Asr; M. M. Toufigh; A. Salajegheh

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

A guidebook for insulated low-slope roof systems. IEA Annex 19, Low-slope roof systems: International Energy Agency Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Programme  

SciTech Connect

Low-slope roof systems are common on commercial and industrial buildings and, to a lesser extent, on residential buildings. Although insulating materials have nearly always been a component of low-slope roofs, the amount of insulation used has increased in the past two decades because of escalation of heating and cooling costs and increased awareness of the need for energy conservation. As the amount of insulation has increased, the demand has intensified for design, installation, and maintenance information specifically for well-insulated roofs. Existing practices for design, installation, and maintenance of insulated roofs have evolved from experience. Typically, these practices feature compromises due to the different properties of materials making up a given roof system. Therefore, they should be examined from time to time to ensure that they are appropriate as new materials continue to enter the market and as the data base on existing systems expands. A primary purpose of this International Energy Agency (IEA) study is to assess current roofing insulation practices in the context of an accumulating data base on performance.

Not Available

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Infrared Cloud Imager Deployment at the North Slope of Alaska During Early 2002  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Infrared Cloud Imager Deployment Infrared Cloud Imager Deployment at the North Slope of Alaska During Early 2002 J. A. Shaw and B. Thurairajah Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Montana State University Bozeman, Montana E. Edqvist National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado K. Mizutani Communications Research Laboratory Koganei, Tokyo, Japan Introduction Starting in February 2002, we deployed a new cloud-radiation sensor called the infrared cloud imager (ICI) at the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) site near Barrow, Alaska (71.32 N, 156.62 W). ICI records radiometrically calibrated images of the thermal infrared sky radiance in the 8µm to 14 µm wavelength band, from which spatial cloud statistics and spatially resolved cloud radiance can be determined.

344

Expansion of Facilities on the North Slope of Alaska in Time for the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Expansion of Facilities on the North Slope of Alaska in Time for the Expansion of Facilities on the North Slope of Alaska in Time for the International Polar Year Zak, Bernard Sandia National Laboratories Ivey, Mark Sandia National Laboratories Zirzow, Jeffrey Sandia National Laboratories Brower, Walter UIC Science Division ARM/NSA Ivanoff, James NSA Whiteman, Doug NSA/AAO Sassen, Kenneth University of Alaska Fairbanks Truffer-Moudra, Dana University of Alaska Fairbanks Category: Infrastructure & Outreach The International Polar Year (IPY; 2007-2008) will stimulate research in both polar regions, primarily focusing on the rapid climate-related changes occurring at high latitudes. In part in preparation for the IPY, facilities at the NSA ACRF are undergoing expansion. In addition, with funding through NOAA, Phase 1 of the planned $60M Barrow Global Climate Change Research

345

Evaluation of Wax Deposition and its Control during Production of Alaska North Slope Oils  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Oil & Natural Gas Technology Oil & Natural Gas Technology DOE Award No.: DE-FC26-01NT41248 Evaluation of Wax Deposition and Its Control During Production of Alaska North Slope Oils Petroleum Development Laboratory Institute of Northern Engineering University of Alaska Fairbanks P.O. Box 755880 Fairbanks, Alaska 99775-5880 Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory December 2008 Office of Fossil Energy Evaluation of Wax Deposition and Its Control During Production of Alaskan North Slope Oils Final Report Reporting Period: October 1, 2005-September 30, 2008 Principal Investigator: Tao Zhu University of Alaska Fairbanks P.O. Box 755880 Fairbanks, AK 99775-5880 fftz@uaf.edu, 907-474-5141 External Principal Investigator: Jack A. Walker

346

Seeking Greater Influence in the World of Low-Energy Buildings | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seeking Greater Influence in the World of Low-Energy Buildings Seeking Greater Influence in the World of Low-Energy Buildings Seeking Greater Influence in the World of Low-Energy Buildings July 23, 2010 - 4:03pm Addthis Cindy Regnier, low-energy building designer Cindy Regnier, low-energy building designer Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs After 13 years of working in the private sector as a designer of low-energy buildings, Cindy Regnier felt that she wanted to have a bigger impact. Making a single school or data center or housing complex more energy efficient was satisfying, but Regnier wanted to influence things on an even greater scale. When the Department of Energy started announcing last year ambitious Recovery Act-funded programs to promote energy efficiency in the building

347

Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles Jump to: navigation, search Name Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Partner Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, National Energy Commission Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -Roadmap Website http://www.worldwatch.org/ener Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean References Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles[1] Overview "Launched in spring 2010, Worldwatch's Caribbean project is partnering

348

Dominican Republic-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominican Republic-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles Dominican Republic-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominican- Republic-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Partner Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, National Energy Commission Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -Roadmap Website http://www.worldwatch.org/ener Program Start 2010 Program End 2013 Country Dominican Republic Caribbean References Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles[1] Overview "Launched in spring 2010, Worldwatch's Caribbean project is partnering

349

DOE to Weigh Alternatives for Greater Than Class C Low-Level Waste Disposal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Weigh Alternatives for Greater Than Class C Low-Level Waste to Weigh Alternatives for Greater Than Class C Low-Level Waste Disposal DOE to Weigh Alternatives for Greater Than Class C Low-Level Waste Disposal July 20, 2007 - 2:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that it will evaluate disposal options for Greater Than Class C (GTCC) low-level radioactive waste (LLW) generated from the decommissioning of nuclear power plants, medical activities and nuclear research. DOE delivered to the Federal Register this week a Notice of Intent (NOI) to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), which will evaluate how and where to safely dispose of GTCC LLW that is currently stored at commercial nuclear power plants and other generator sites across the country. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 requires DOE to report to Congress on its evaluation of

350

Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide for State  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide for Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide for State Government Officials. November 2009 Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide for State Government Officials. November 2009 The National Council on Electricity Policy (National Council) is a unique venture between the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC), the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), National Association of Clean Air Agencies (NACAA) and the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA). Eight Approaches to Enable Greater Energy Efficiency: A Guide for State Government Officials. November 2009 More Documents & Publications Statement of Patricia Hoffman, Acting Assistant Director for Electricity

351

Characterizing the fabric of the urban environment: A case study of Greater Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study of Greater Houston, Texas * Leanna Shea Rose, HashemA Case Study of Houston, Texas * Leanna Shea Rose, Hashemdata from University of Texas and land-use/land-cover (LULC)

Rose, Leanna Shea; Akbari, Hashem; Taha, Haider

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Empirical Analysis of Intraseasonal Climate Variability over the Greater Horn of Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the intraseasonal climate variability over the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) during the rainy season of October–December (OND). The investigation is primarily based on empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis of the pentad ...

Jared H. Bowden; Fredrick H. M. Semazzi

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The impact of multifamily development on single family home prices in the Greater Boston Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of large, multifamily developments on nearby single-family home prices was tested in five towns in the Greater Boston Area. Case studies that had recent multifamily developments built near transit nodes or town ...

Schuur, Arah (Arah Louise Adele)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Suppression and Dissipation of Weak Tornadoes in Metropolitan Areas: A Case Study of Greater London  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examination of the distribution of property-damaging tornadoes which have occurred in and around Greater London since 1830 reveals that the inner parts of the metropolis have experienced relatively few tornadoes during the past 150 years compared ...

Derek M. Elsom; G. Terence Meaden

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

DOE, IAEA Partner for Greater Access to Nuclear Energy R&D  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

October 27, 2009 DOE, IAEA Partner for Greater Access to Nuclear Energy R&D Oak Ridge, TN - The findings from years of nuclear energy research supported by the Department of Energy...

356

VOC and O3 Distributions over the Densely Populated Area of Greater Athens, Greece  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The horizontal and vertical distributions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ozone (O3) concentrations within the lower troposphere over the greater Athens area, Greece, under sea-breeze conditions were studied. Furthermore, an attempt was ...

Helena A. Flocas; Vasiliki D. Assimakopoulos; Costas G. Helmis; Hans Güsten

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Mesoscale Characterization of Coupled Hydromechanical Behavior of a Fractured Porous Slope in Response to Free Water-Surface Movement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To better understand the role of groundwater-level changes on rock-slope deformation and damage, a carbonate rock slope (30 m x 30 m x 15 m) was extensively instrumented for mesoscale hydraulic and mechanical measurements during water-level changes. The slope is naturally drained by a spring that can be artificially closed or opened by a water gate. In this study, a 2-hour slope-dewatering experiment was analyzed. Changes in fluid pressure and deformation were simultaneously monitored, both at discontinuities and in the intact rock, using short-base extensometers and pressure gauges as well as tiltmeters fixed at the slope surface. Field data were analyzed with different coupled hydromechanical (HM) codes (ROCMAS, FLAC{sup 3D}, and UDEC). Field data indicate that in the faults, a 40 kPa pressure fall occurs in 2 minutes and induces a 0.5 to 31 x 10{sup -6} m normal closure. Pressure fall is slower in the bedding-planes, lasting 120 minutes with no normal deformation. No pressure change or deformation is observed in the intact rock. The slope surface displays a complex tilt towards the interior of the slope, with magnitudes ranging from 0.6 to 15 x 10{sup -6} rad. Close agreement with model for both slope surface and internal measurements is obtained when a high variability in slope-element properties is introduced into the models, with normal stiffnesses of k{sub n{_}faults} = 10{sup -3} x k{sub n{_}bedding-planes} and permeabilities of k{sub h{_}faults} = 10{sup 3} x k{sub h{_}bedding-planes}. A nonlinear correlation between hydraulic and mechanical discontinuity properties is proposed and related to discontinuity damage. A parametric study shows that 90% of slope deformation depends on HM effects in a few highly permeable and highly deformable discontinuities located in the basal, saturated part of the slope while the remaining 10% are related to elasto-plastic deformations in the low-permeability discontinuities induced by complex stress/strain transfers from the high-permeability zones. The periodicity and magnitude of free water-surface movements cause 10 to 20% variations in those local stress/strain accumulations related to the contrasting HM behavior for high and low-permeable elements of the slope. Finally, surface-tilt monitoring coupled with internal localized pressure/deformation measurements appears to be a promising method for characterizing the HM properties and behavior of a slope, and for detecting its progressive destabilization.

Rutqvist, Jonny; Guglielmi, Y.; Cappa, F.; Rutqvist, J.; Tsang, C.-F.; Thoraval, A.

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Seismic analysis of the Par Pond Dam: Study of slope failure and liquefaction. Technical evaluation report  

SciTech Connect

Stability concerns of the Par Pond Dam, an embankment structure in the Savannah River Site complex, resulted in a comprehensive evaluation of the state of its integrity. Specifically, excessive seepage through the embankment, slope failure due to an earthquake event as well as liquefaction potential of the embankment and the foundation are addressed and the potential of failure is evaluated. Lastly, remedial benefits of the addition of a berm structure are also assessed.

Simos, N.; Reich, M.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

A Generalized Potential with Adjustable Slope: A Hydrostatic Alternative to Cluster Cooling Flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I discuss a new gravitational potential, Phi(r) ~ (r_0^n+r^n)^(-1/n), for modeling the mass distribution of spherical systems. This potential has a finite mass and generates a density profile with adjustable inner slope 2-n. A gas embedded in this potential has hydrostatic temperature and gas density distributions that are elementary functions of n, greatly simplifying the task of measuring the slope from X-ray data. I show that this model is successful in describing the rising temperature profile and steep gas density profile often seen in cooling flow clusters. An application to the Abell 478 cluster of galaxies yields an inner slope 2-n = 1.0 +/- 0.2 (90%), consistent with the inner regions of collisionless dark matter halos first simulated by Navarro, Frenk, and White. The potential is also useful for cluster dynamics: it is a generalization of the familiar Hernquist and Plummer potentials, and because it is invertible, it allows for easy analytic calculation of particle phase space distribution functions in terms of n.

Andisheh Mahdavi

2002-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

360

DOE, IAEA Partner for Greater Access to Nuclear Energy R&D | OSTI, US Dept  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE, IAEA Partner for Greater Access to Nuclear Energy R&D DOE, IAEA Partner for Greater Access to Nuclear Energy R&D NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Cathey Daniels, (865) 576-9539 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE October 27, 2009 DOE, IAEA Partner for Greater Access to Nuclear Energy R&D Oak Ridge, TN - The findings from years of nuclear energy research supported by the Department of Energy (DOE) and predecessor agencies are being made searchable on the World Wide Web, due to a collaborative project between DOE and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). By adding valuable nuclear-related research to the online collections of both the DOE and the IAEA, access to this knowledge by researchers, academia and the public interested in the peaceful aspects of nuclear energy is greatly facilitated. As part of its knowledge preservation mandate, the IAEA, through the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Disposal of Greater-Than-Class  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Impact Statement for the Disposal of Environmental Impact Statement for the Disposal of Greater-Than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste and GTCC-Like Waste Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Disposal of Greater-Than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste and GTCC-Like Waste February 18, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON - The Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Disposal of Greater-Than-Class C (GTCC) Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) and GTCC-Like Waste (DOE/EIS-0375D, Draft EIS) as required under the National Environmental Policy Act for public review and comment. GTCC LLRW consists of a small volume of low-level radioactive waste generated throughout the United States as the result of Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and Agreement State licensed activities, including

362

Greater-than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste (GTCC LLW) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Greater-than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste (GTCC LLW) Greater-than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste (GTCC LLW) A transuranic (TRU) waste shipment makes its way to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in Carlsbad, N.M. A transuranic (TRU) waste shipment makes its way to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in Carlsbad, N.M. On February 17, 2011, DOE issued the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Disposal of Greater-Than-Class C (GTCC) Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) and GTCC-Like Waste (Draft EIS, DOE/EIS-0375D) for public review and comment. DOE is inviting public comments on this Draft EIS during a 120-day public comment period, from the date of publication of the EIS's Notice of Availability in the Federal Register. During the comment

363

Greater Cincinnati Regional High School Science Bowl | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Greater Cincinnati Regional Greater Cincinnati Regional High School Science Bowl National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About High School High School Students High School Coaches High School Regionals High School Rules, Forms, and Resources Middle School Attending National Event Volunteers 2013 Competition Results News Media WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: 202-586-6702 E: National.Science.Bowl@science.doe.gov Ohio Regions Greater Cincinnati Regional High School Science Bowl Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Regional Coordinator Information Name: Betsy Volk Email: betsy.volk@emcbc.doe.gov Regional Event Information Date: Saturday, February 22, 2014 Maximum Number of Teams: 24

364

The Wind-Driven Shelf and Slope Water Flow in Terms of a Local and a Remote Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clarke and Van Gorder suggest that many coastally trapped wave modes are needed to describe the wind-driven shelf and slope water alongshore velocity field. Calculations with an harmonic wind forcing confirm this and show that, for example, the ...

Manuel Lopez; Allan J. Clarke

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Downslope Flows on a Low-Angle Slope and Their Interactions with Valley Inversions. Part II: Numerical Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics of well-developed downslope winds observed by tethered balloon soundings at multiple locations over a low-angle slope in the Salt Lake Valley are studied using the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS). The model ...

Shiyuan Zhong; C. David Whiteman

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Ground-Based and Satellite-Derived Measurements of Surface Albedo on the North Slope of Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal variations of surface albedo on the North Slope of Alaska were investigated using both ground-based tower measurements and satellite remote sensing data. Ground-based measurements of incident and reflected solar radiation at ...

T. Zhang; T. Scambos; T. Haran; L. D. Hinzman; Roger G. Barry; D. L. Kane

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

The Vertical Structure of the Wave Bottom Boundary Layer over a Sloping Bed: Theory and Field Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theoretical solutions for the wave bottom boundary layer (WBL) over a sloping bed are compared with field measurements in the nearshore zone. The WBL theory is constructed using both viscoelastic–diffusion and conventional eddy viscosity ...

Qingping Zou; Alex E. Hay

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Response of an Oceanic Bottom Boundary Layer on a Slope to Interior Flow. Part I: Time-Independent Interior Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behavior of oceanic boundary layers on a sloping bottom in the presence of stratification is investigated by the method of direct numerical simulations. The Navier–Stokes equations are decomposed into mean and turbulent components with the ...

Dave Ramsden

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Effects of Atmospheric Thermal Stability and Slope Steepness on the Development of Daytime Thermally Induced Upslope Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of background atmospheric thermal stability and slope steepness on the daytime thermally induced upslope flows was investigated using analytical and numerical model approaches. The study focuses on meso-? domains and considers the noon ...

Z. J. Ye; M. Segal; R. A. Pielke

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

On Intermediate Models for Barotropic Continental Shelf and Slope Flow Fields. Part I: Formulation and Comparison of Exact Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the general objective of pursuing oceanographic process and data assimilation studies of the complex, nonlinear eddy and jet current fields observed over the continental shelf and slope off the west coast of the United States, we ...

J. S. Allen; J. A. Barth; P. A. Newberger

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The Behavior of Jet Currents over a Continental Slope Topography with a Possible Application to the Northern Current  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Northern Current is a slope current in the northwest Mediterranean that shows high mesoscale variability, generally associated with meander and eddy formation. A barotropic laboratory model of this current is used here to study the role of ...

M. M. Flexas; G. J. F. van Heijst; R. R. Trieling

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Evening Temperature Rises on Valley Floors and Slopes: Their Causes and Their Relationship to the Thermally Driven Wind System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At slope and valley floor sites in the Owens Valley of California, the late afternoon near-surface air temperature decline is often followed by a temporary temperature rise before the expected nighttime cooling resumes. The spatial and temporal ...

C. David Whiteman; Sebastian W. Hoch; Gregory S. Poulos

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Wind Field Climatology, Changes, and Extremes in the Chukchi–Beaufort Seas and Alaska North Slope during 1979–2009  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind field climatology, changes, and extremes at ~32-km resolution were analyzed for the Chukchi–Beaufort Seas and Alaska North Slope region using 3-hourly North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR) from 1979 to 2009. The monthly average wind ...

Steve T. Stegall; Jing Zhang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Coastal Upwelling: Onshore–Offshore Circulation, Equatorward Coastal Jet and Poleward Undercurrent over a Continental Shelf-Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The onshore-offshore circulation, equatorward coastal jet and poleward undercurrent associated with coastal upwelling are studied with numerical models. The model ocean has a continental shelf-slope uniform in the longshort direction and is ...

Nobuo Suginohara

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A Simple Model of the Formation and Maintenance of the Shelf/Slope Front in the Middle Atlantic Bight  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The strong salinity and temperature gradients across the shelf/slope front in the Middle Atlantic Bight often compensate such that the cross-front density gradient is nearly eliminated. The suggests that the density field may not be as ...

David C. Chapman

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Effects of Terrain Heights and Sizes on Island-Scale Circulations and Rainfall for the Island of Hawaii during HaRP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Islands in Hawaii have different sizes and terrain heights with notable differences in climate and weather. In this study, the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) land surface model (LSM) is used to conduct ...

Yang Yang; Yi-Leng Chen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Estimating the Urban Heat Island Contribution to Urban and Rural Air Temperature Differences over Complex Terrain: Application to an Arid City  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study proposes a method for estimating the canopy-layer net urban heat island (UHI) in regions with complex terrain that lack preurban observations. The approach is based on a linear relationship between the urban–rural temperature ...

Hadas Saaroni; Baruch Ziv

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Role of Topography in Forcing Low-Level Jets in the Central United States during the 1993 Flood-Altered Terrain Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional model sensitivity simulations in which the height of elevated terrain was reduced to explore simulated changes in features of the low-level jet (LLJ) are presented. Such an approach has not been reported, and it provides complementary ...

Zaitao Pan; Moti Segal; Raymond W. Arritt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Weather Forecasts by the WRF-ARW Model with the GSI Data Assimilation System in the Complex Terrain Areas of Southwest Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper will first describe the forecasting errors encountered from running the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) mesoscale model (the Advanced Research Weather Research and Forecasting model; ARW) in the complex terrain of ...

J. Xu; S. Rugg; L. Byerle; Z. Liu

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Downscaling Climate over Complex Terrain: High Finescale (<1000 m) Spatial Variation of Near-Ground Temperatures in a Montane Forested Landscape (Great Smoky Mountains)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Landscape-driven microclimates in mountainous terrain pose significant obstacles to predicting the response of organisms to atmospheric warming, but few if any studies have documented the extent of such finescale variation over large regions. ...

Jason D. Fridley

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A Numerical Sensitivity Study on the Impact of Soil Moisture on Convection-Related Parameters and Convective Precipitation over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of soil moisture on convection-related parameters and convective precipitation over complex terrain is studied by numerical experiments using the nonhydrostatic Consortium for Small-Scale Modeling (COSMO) model. For 1 day of the ...

Christian Barthlott; Norbert Kalthoff

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Slump dominated upper slope reservoir facies, Intra Qua Iboe (Pliocene), Edop Field, offshore Nigeria  

SciTech Connect

An integration of sedimentologic and 3D seismic data provides a basis for unraveling complex depositional processes and sand distribution of the Intra Qua Iboe (IQI) reservoir (Pliocene), Edop Field, offshore Nigeria. Nearly 3,000 feet of conventional core was examined in interpreting slump/slide/debris flow, bottom current, turbidity current, pelagic/hemipelagic, wave and tide dominated facies. The IQI was deposited on an upper slope in close proximity to the shelf edge. Through time, as the shelf edge migrated seaward, deposition began with a turbidite channel dominated slope system (IQI 1 and 2) and progressed through a slump/debris flow dominated slope system (IQI 3, the principal reservoir) to a tide and wave dominated, collapsed shelf-edge deltaic system (IQI 4). Using seismic time slices and corresponding depositional facies in the core, a sandy {open_quotes}fairway{open_quotes} has been delineated in the IQI 3. Because of differences in stacking patterns of sandy and muddy slump intervals, seismic facies show: (1) both sheet-like and mounded external forms (geometries), and (2) parallel/continuous as well as chaotic/hummocky internal reflections. In wireline logs, slump facies exhibits blocky, coarsening-up, fining-up, and serrated motifs. In the absence of conventional core, slump facies may be misinterpreted and even miscorrelated because seismic facies and log motifs of slumps and debris flows tend to mimic properties of turbidite fan deposits. The slump dominated reservoir facies is composed of unconsolidated fine-grained sand. Thickness of individual units varies from 1 to 34 feet, but amalgamated intervals reach a thickness of up to 70 feet and apparently form connected sand bodies. Porosity commonly ranges from 20 to 35%. Horizontal permeability commonly ranges from 1,000 to 3,000 md.

Shanmugam, G. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States); Hermance, W.E.; Olaifa, J.O. [Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

The Component Slope Linear Model for Calculating Intensive Partial Molar Properties: Application to Waste Glasses  

SciTech Connect

Partial molar properties are the changes occurring when the fraction of one component is varied while the fractions of all other component mole fractions change proportionally. They have many practical and theoretical applications in chemical thermodynamics. Partial molar properties of chemical mixtures are difficult to measure because the component mole fractions must sum to one, so a change in fraction of one component must be offset with a change in one or more other components. Given that more than one component fraction is changing at a time, it is difficult to assign a change in measured response to a change in a single component. In this study, the Component Slope Linear Model (CSLM), a model previously published in the statistics literature, is shown to have coefficients that correspond to the intensive partial molar properties. If a measured property is plotted against the mole fraction of a component while keeping the proportions of all other components constant, the slope at any given point on a graph of this curve is the partial molar property for that constituent. Actually plotting this graph has been used to determine partial molar properties for many years. The CSLM directly includes this slope in a model that predicts properties as a function of the component mole fractions. This model is demonstrated by applying it to the constant pressure heat capacity data from the NaOH-NaAl(OH{sub 4}H{sub 2}O system, a system that simplifies Hanford nuclear waste. The partial molar properties of H{sub 2}O, NaOH, and NaAl(OH){sub 4} are determined. The equivalence of the CSLM and the graphical method is verified by comparing results detennined by the two methods. The CSLM model has been previously used to predict the liquidus temperature of spinel crystals precipitated from Hanford waste glass. Those model coefficients are re-interpreted here as the partial molar spinel liquidus temperature of the glass components.

Reynolds, Jacob G. [Washington River Protection Solutions, Richland, WA (United States)

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

384

FORT UNION COAL IN THE GREATER GREEN RIVER BASIN, EAST FLANK OF THE ROCK SPRINGS UPLIFT,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter GS FORT UNION COAL IN THE GREATER GREEN RIVER BASIN, EAST FLANK OF THE ROCK SPRINGS UPLIFT 1999 Resource assessment of selected Tertiary coal beds and zones in the Northern Rocky in the toolbar to return. 1999 Resource assessment of selected Tertiary coal beds and zones in the Northern Rocky

385

COAL RESOURCES, GREATER GREEN RIVER BASIN By M.S. Ellis,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter GN COAL RESOURCES, GREATER GREEN RIVER BASIN By M.S. Ellis,1 G.L. Gunther,2 A.M. Ochs,2 J of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 1999 Resource assessment of selected Tertiary coal beds and zones here or on this symbol in the toolbar to return. 1999 Resource assessment of selected Tertiary coal

386

Benthic study of the continental slope off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. Volume 3. Appendices  

SciTech Connect

The Point is an area that supports a most productive pelagic fishery, including tuna, swordfish, marlin, and more. The objective of the study is to analyze video tapes from near the Point, in order to provide data on epibenthic, megafaunal invertebrates including species composition, relative abundances, and large scale (1 km) distribution. The Point is not a defined spot on a chart. Although fishermen do use the steep shelf break for location, they generally look for the west wall of the Gulf Stream. The Point and the oil lease site coincidentally occur where the Gulf Stream parts the continental slope, just north of the eastern-most tip of Cape Hatteras.

Diaz, R.J.; Blake, J.A.; Lohse, D.P.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

The three loop slope of the Dirac form factor and the S Lamb shift in hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The last unknown contribution to hydrogen energy levels at order malpha{sup 7}, due to the slope of the Dirac form factor at three loops, is evaluated in a closed analytical form. The resulting shift of the hydrogen nS energy level is found to be 3.016/n{sup 3} kHz. Using the QED calculations of the 1S Lamb shift, the authors extract a precise value of the proton charge radius r{sub p} = 0.883{+-}0.014 fm.

Melnikov, K.

1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

388

STUDY OF TRANSPORTATION OF GTL PRODUCTS FROM ALASKAN NORTH SLOPE (ANS) TO MARKETS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Alaskan North Slope is one of the largest hydrocarbon reserves in the US where Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) technology can be successfully implemented. The proven and recoverable reserves of conventional natural gas in the developed and undeveloped fields in the Alaskan North Slope (ANS) are estimated to be 38 trillion standard cubic feet (TCF) and estimates of additional undiscovered gas reserves in the Arctic field range from 64 TCF to 142 TCF. Transportation of the natural gas from the remote ANS is the key issue in effective utilization of this valuable and abundance resource. The throughput of oil through the Trans Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) has been on decline and is expected to continue to decline in future. It is projected that by the year 2015, ANS crude oil production will decline to such a level that there will be a critical need for pumping additional liquid from GTL process to provide an adequate volume for economic operation of TAPS. The pumping of GTL products through TAPS will significantly increase its economic life. Transporting GTL products from the North Slope of Alaska down to the Marine terminal at Valdez is no doubt the great challenge facing the Gas to Liquids options of utilizing the abundant natural gas resource of the North Slope. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate and assess the economic feasibility of transporting GTL products through the TAPS. Material testing program for GTL and GTL/Crude oil blends was designed and implemented for measurement of physical properties of GTL products. The measurement and evaluation of the properties of these materials were necessary so as to access the feasibility of transporting such materials through TAPS under cold arctic conditions. Results of the tests indicated a trend of increasing yield strength with increasing wax content. GTL samples exhibited high gel strengths at temperatures as high as 20 F, which makes it difficult for cold restart following winter shutdowns. Simplified analytical models were developed to study the flow of GTL and GTL/crude oil blends through TAPS in both commingled and batch flow models. The economics of GTL transportations by either commingled or batching mode were evaluated. The choice of mode of transportation of GTL products through TAPS would depend on the expected purity of the product and a trade-off between loss in product value due to contamination and cost of keeping the product pure at the discharge terminal.

Godwin A. Chukwu, Ph.D., P.E.

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

NETL: News Release - Newly Installed Alaska North Slope Well Will Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

18, 2011 18, 2011 Newly Installed Alaska North Slope Well Will Test Innovative Hydrate Production Technologies Project Goals Include Injecting and Storing CO2 While Producing Methane Gas from Hydrate Washington, D.C. - A fully instrumented well that will test innovative technologies for producing methane gas from hydrate deposits has been safely installed on the North Slope of Alaska. As a result, the "Iġnik Sikumi" (Iñupiaq for "fire in the ice") gas hydrate field trial well will be available for field experiments as early as winter 2011-12. The well, the result of a partnership between ConocoPhillips and the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) National Energy Technology Laboratory, will test a technology that involves injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) into sandstone reservoirs containing methane hydrate. Laboratory studies indicate that the CO2 molecules will replace the methane molecules within the solid hydrate lattice, resulting in the simultaneous sequestration of CO2 in a solid hydrate structure and production of methane gas.

390

Disposal of Greater-than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Waste EVS prepared a draft environmental impact statement (EIS) for disposal of greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste (GTCC LLRW). The EVS Division prepared a draft environmental impact statement (EIS) for disposal of greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste (GTCC LLRW) for the DOE Office of Environmental Management. DOE is now finalizing this EIS and is including a preferred alternative. DOE intends that the final EIS will provide information to support the selection of disposal method(s) and site(s) for GTCC LLRW and GTCC-like waste. In general, GTCC LLRW is not acceptable for near-surface disposal. Typically, the waste form and disposal methods must be different from and more stringent than those specified for Class C LLRW. For GTCC LLRW, the

391

Jamaica-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Jamaica-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles Jump to: navigation, search Name Jamaica-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Partner Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, National Energy Commission Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -Roadmap Website http://www.worldwatch.org/ener

392

Solid waste workers and livelihood strategies in Greater Port-au-Prince, Haiti  

SciTech Connect

The solid waste management industry in Haiti is comprised of a formal and an informal sector. Many basic activities in the solid waste management sector are being carried out within the context of profound poverty, which exposes the failure of the socioeconomic and political system to provide sufficient job opportunities for the urban population. This paper examines the involvement of workers in the solid waste management industry in Greater Port-au-Prince and the implications for livelihood strategies. The findings revealed that the Greater Port-au-Prince solid waste management system is very inclusive with respect to age, while highly segregated with regard to gender. In terms of earning capacity, the results showed that workers hired by the State agencies were the most economically vulnerable group as more than 50% of them fell below the official nominal minimum wage. This paper calls for better salary scales and work compensation for the solid waste workers.

Noel, Claudel, E-mail: claudelnoel@gmail.co [University of the West Indies, Institute for Sustainable Development, Environmental Management Unit, 13 Gibraltar Camp Way, Mona Campus, Kingston (Jamaica)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

A combined cycle designed to achieve greater than 60 percent efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In cooperation with the US Department of Energy`s Morgantown Energy Technology Center, Westinghouse is working on Phase 2 of an 8-year Advanced Turbine Systems Program to develop the technologies required to provide a significant increase in natural gas-fired combined cycle power generation plant efficiency. In this paper, the technologies required to yield an energy conversion efficiency greater than the Advanced Turbine Systems Program target value of 60% are discussed. The goal of 60% efficiency is achievable through an improvement in operating process parameters for both the combustion turbine and steam turbine, raising the rotor inlet temperature to 2,600 F (1,427 C), incorporation of advanced cooling techniques in the combustion turbine expander, and utilization of other cycle enhancements obtainable through greater integration between the combustion turbine and steam turbine.

Briesch, M.S.; Bannister, R.L.; Diakunchak, I.S.; Huber, D.J. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Orlando, FL (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Regional Economic Impacts of Electric Drive Vehicles and Technologies: Case Study of the Greater Cleveland Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), which combine desirable aspects of battery electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles, offer owners the advantages of increased fuel efficiency and lower annual fuel bills without concern for dead batteries, long recharge time, or limited range. This study examines the potential regional economic impacts due to increasing electric transportation in the Greater Cleveland Area (GCA). By applying regional input-output (RIO) analysis, the study determines the imp...

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

395

Criteria for greater confinement of radioactive wastes at arid western sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides a set of criteria and standards for greater confinement disposal (CCD) of low-level waste as an alternative to shallow land burial or deep geologic disposal for certain types of waste. The criteria and standards are discussed relative to seven major areas: radiation exposure protection, characterization of waste, transportation and handling, site selection, engineering, general facility requirements, and administration. The document addresses the objectives or goals of burial at intermediate depths to provide greater confinement, and its advantages and disadvantages compared to shallow land burial. Additionally, the document describes a generic greater confinement disposal facility (GCDF), and discusses as well as evaluates the various interrelating factors which must be considered in the selection of a viable site and in the development of GCDF design and performance criteria. Methods are developed for evaluating and ranking the importance of the factors based on health and safety, their potential impact on cost, and the uncertainty and/or difficulty in measurement and control of the factors. It also provides the methodology and analysis used to determine the various site-specific waste concentration acceptance standards (in the form of area disposal concentration limits) as well as design and engineering standards. It also illustrates the methodology used to determine the optimal or preferred depth of disposal under expected arid site conditions and alternative wet or irrigated site conditions. In addition, an example calculation demonstrates the application of the waste area concentration limits at an arid or humid GDF in determining the allowable waste inventory capacity of a particular site and the loading capacity of a waste disposal cell.

Card, D.H.; Hunter, P.H.; Adam, J.A.; White, R.B.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Density slope of the nuclear symmetry energy from the neutron skin thickness of heavy nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Expressing explicitly the parameters of the standard Skyrme interaction in terms of the macroscopic properties of asymmetric nuclear matter, we show in the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock approach that unambiguous correlations exist between observables of finite nuclei and nuclear matter properties. We find that existing data on neutron skin thickness Delta r(np) of Sn isotopes give an important constraint on the symmetry energy E(sym)(rho(0)) and its density slope L at saturation density rho(0). Combining these constraints with those from recent analyses of isospin diffusion and the double neutron/proton ratio in heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies leads to a more stringent limit on L approximately independent of E(sym)(rho(0)). The implication of these new constraints on the Delta r(np) of (208)Pb as well as the core-crust transition density and pressure in neutron stars is discussed.

Chen, Lie-Wen; Ko, Che Ming; Li, Bao-An; Xu, Jun.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Total Hadronic Cross Section and the Elastic Slope: An Almost Model-Independent Connection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An almost model-independent parametrization for the ratio of the total cross section to the elastic slope, as function of the center of mass energy, is introduced. The analytical result is based on the approximate relation of this quantity with the ratio $R$ of the elastic to total cross section and empirical fits to the $R$ data from proton-proton scattering above 10 GeV, under the conditions of asymptotic unitarity and the black-disk limit. This parametrization may be useful in studies of extensive air showers and the determination of the proton-proton total cross section from proton-air production cross section in cosmic-ray experiments.

D. A. Fagundes; M. J. Menon

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

398

Physical and Chemical Implications of Mid-Winter Pumping of Trunda Lakes - North Slope, Alaska  

SciTech Connect

Tundra lakes on the North Slope, Alaska, are an important resource for energy development and petroleum field operations. A majority of exploration activities, pipeline maintenance, and restoration activities take place on winter ice roads that depend on water availability at key times of the winter operating season. These same lakes provide important fisheries and ecosystem functions. In particular, overwintering habitat for fish is one important management concern. This study focused on the evaluation of winter water use in the current field operating areas to provide a better understanding of the current water use practices. It found that under the current water use practices, there were no measurable negative effects of winter pumping on the lakes studied and current water use management practices were appropriately conservative. The study did find many areas where improvements in the understanding of tundra lake hydrology and water usage would benefit industry, management agencies, and the protection of fisheries and ecosystems.

Hinzman, Larry D. (University of Alaska Fairbanks, Water and Environmental Research Center); Lilly, Michael R. (Geo-Watersheds Scientific); Kane, Douglas L. (University of Alaska Fairbanks, Water and Environmental Research Center); Miller, D. Dan (University of Alaska Fairbanks, Water and Environmental Research Center); Galloway, Braden K. (University of Alaska Fairbanks, Water and Environmental Research Center); Hilton, Kristie M. (Geo-Watersheds Scientific); White, Daniel M. (University of Alaska Fairbanks, Water and Environmental Research Center)

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

399

Beyond the Inventory: An Interagency Collaboration to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Greater Yellowstone Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As one of the largest, intact ecosystems in the continental United States, land managers within the Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA) have recognized the importance of compiling and understanding agency greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The 10 Federal units within the GYA have taken an active role in compiling GHG inventories on a unit- and ecosystem-wide level, setting goals for GHG mitigation, and identifying mitigation strategies for achieving those goals. This paper details the processes, methodologies, challenges, solutions, and lessons learned by the 10 Federal units within the GYA throughout this ongoing effort.

Kandt, A.; Hotchkiss, E.; Fiebig, M.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Interim Storage of Greater than Class C Low Level Waste, Rev. 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report serves as a guideline for the safe, interim on-site storage of low-level radioactive waste (LLW) that exceeds the activity limitations for near-surface disposal set forth in 10 CFR 61.55. The nuclear industry refers to this waste as "greater than Class C (GTTC) waste" as it exceeds the Class C limits in the referenced regulation. At the present time, there is no licensed disposal facility for GTCC waste in the United States . This situation forces commercial nuclear reactors to store it on si...

2003-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Activities of ?-ray emitting isotopes in rainwater from Greater Sudbury, Canada following the Fukushima incident  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the activity measured in rainwater samples collected in the Greater Sudbury area of eastern Canada on 3, 16, 20, and 26 April 2011. The samples were gamma-ray counted in a germanium detector and the isotopes 131I and 137Cs, produced by the fission of 235U, and 134Cs, produced by neutron capture on 133Cs, were observed at elevated levels compared to a reference sample of ice-water. These elevated activities are ascribed to the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear reactor complex in Japan that followed the 11 March earthquake and tsunami. The activity levels observed at no time presented health concerns.

B. T. Cleveland; F. A. Duncan; I. T. Lawson; N. J. T. Smith; E. Vazquez-Jauregui

2012-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

402

Laboratory measurements of the drying rates of low-slope roofing systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The service life of a roofing system typically ends when excessive amounts of water have entered the system. Roofing professionals determine whether the existing failed roofing system can be repaired or salvaged by recovering. A key element in this decision is whether the accumulated water will be able to leave the roofing system in a time frame that will prevent irreparable structural damage. There are several combined heat and mass transfer models that can be used to predict drying times for low-slope roofing systems. Very little experimental data exists that can be used to validate the performance of these models. To satisfy these needs, a series of laboratory experiments has been performed. Five test panels, comprised of a plywood deck, four types of roofing insulation, and a single ply membrane were installed in a climate simulator. The test panels were outfitted with temperature sensors and heat flux transducers, and were mounted on load cells. Water was added to the test panels and they were subjected to external diurnal cycles representative of summer and winter conditions for a southern US continental climate. The load cells supplied continuous records of the weights of the test panels; these data were used to compute the drying rates of the test panels. When these experiments were completed, the test panels were ``recovered`` with different thicknesses of insulation and the environmental conditions were reapplied to the test panels. This paper reports on the design and performance of these experiments. The data compiled during these tests supply insight into the effects of meteorological conditions, insulation R-value, insulation water vapor permeance, and roof recover on the rate that water will be removed from low-slope roofing systems.

Desjarlais, A.O.; Kyle, D.M.; Childs, P.W.; Christian, J.E.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Draft Greater Than Class C EIS Public Hearings to Come to Pasco, WA and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Management (EM), is preparing an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for disposal of Greater-Than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste (GTCC LLRW). The EIS evaluates potential alternatives involving various disposal methods for application at six federally owned sites and generic commercial sites. (See Overview Below). The United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Management (EM), is preparing an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for disposal of Greater-Than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste (GTCC LLRW). The EIS evaluates potential alternatives involving various disposal methods for application at six federally owned sites and generic commercial sites. (See Overview Below). Upcoming Public Hearings DOE will hold hearings in the following locations on the following dates and times. Las Vegas, NV Desert Research Institute - Frank Rodgers Building 755 East Flamingo Road, Las Vegas, NV 89119 May 9, 2011, 5:30 p.m.�9:30 p.m. Idaho Falls, ID Shilo Inn Suites Hotel 780 Lindsay Boulevard, Idaho Falls, ID 83402 May 11, 2011, 5:30 p.m.�9:30 p.m.

404

Greater-Than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste Transportation Strategy report and institutional plan  

SciTech Connect

This document contains two parts. Part I, Greater-Than-Class-C Low-Level Radioactive Waste Transportation Strategy, addresses the requirements, responsibilities, and strategy to transport and receive these wastes. The strategy covers (a) transportation packaging, which includes shipping casks and waste containers; (b) transportation operations relating to the five facilities involved in transportation, i.e., waste originator, interim storage, dedicated storage, treatment, and disposal; (c) system safety and risk analysis; (d) routes; (e) emergency preparedness and response; and (o safeguards and security. A summary of strategic actions is provided at the conclusion of Part 1. Part II, Institutional Plan for Greater-Than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste Packaging and Transportation, addresses the assumptions, requirements, and institutional plan elements and actions. As documented in the Strategy and Institutional Plan, the most challenging issues facing the GTCC LLW Program shipping campaign are institutional issues closely related to the strategy. How the Program addresses those issues and demonstrates to the states, local governments, and private citizens that the shipments can and will be made safely will strongly affect the success or failure of the campaign.

Schmitt, R.C.; Tyacke, M.J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Enabling Greater Penetration of Solar Power via the Use of CSP with Thermal Energy Storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

At high penetration of solar generation there are a number of challenges to economically integrating this variable and uncertain resource. These include the limited coincidence between the solar resource and normal demand patterns and limited flexibility of conventional generators to accommodate variable generation resources. Of the large number of technologies that can be used to enable greater penetration of variable generators, concentrating solar power (CSP) with thermal energy storage (TES) presents a number of advantages. The use of storage enables this technology to shift energy production to periods of high demand or reduced solar output. In addition, CSP can provide substantial grid flexibility by rapidly changing output in response to the highly variable net load created by high penetration of solar (and wind) generation. In this work we examine the degree to which CSP may be complementary to PV by performing a set of simulations in the U.S. Southwest to demonstrate the general potential of CSP with TES to enable greater use of solar generation, including additional PV.

Denholm, P.; Mehos, M.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

UV Laser pulse temporal profile requirements for the LCLS injector. Part 1. Fourier transform limit for a temporal zero slope flattop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UV Laser pulse temporal profile requirements for the LCLS injector. Part 1. Fourier transform limit for a temporal zero slope flattop

Limborg-Deprey, C

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Department of Energy treatment capabilities for greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste  

SciTech Connect

This report provides brief profiles for 26 low-level and high-level waste treatment capabilities available at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), Rocky Flats Plant (RFP), Savannah River Site (SRS), and West Valley Demonstration Plant (WVDP). Six of the treatments have potential use for greater-than-Class C low-level waste (GTCC LLW). They include: (a) the glass ceramic process and (b) the Waste Experimental Reduction Facility incinerator at INEL; (c) the Super Compaction and Repackaging Facility and (d) microwave melting solidification at RFP; (e) the vitrification plant at SRS; and (f) the vitrification plant at WVDP. No individual treatment has the capability to treat all GTCC LLW streams. It is recommended that complete physical and chemical characterizations be performed for each GTCC waste stream, to permit using multiple treatments for GTCC LLW.

Morrell, D.K.; Fischer, D.K.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Constraints on the Repetitivity of the Orbit of an Altimetric Satellite: Estimation of the Cross-Track Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of a poorly constrained repetitivity of the orbit of an altimetric satellite is analyzed. From existing data, 35% of the marine geoid slopes are found to excess 1.5 cm km?1. This may be due either to short-distance-scale features (...

J-F. Minster; F. Rémy; E. Normant

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Simulation Studies on a Multi-stage Distillation with Slope-Plate Falling Film Evaporation Desalination System Using Solar Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An innovative, multi-stage solar distillation with slope-plate falling film system for seawater desalination is investigated. The system consists of a solar heater (flat plate solar collector) and one evaporation-condensation set that is composed of ... Keywords: solar energy, falling film, desalination

Penghui Gao; Guoqing Zhou; Henglin Lv

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

A single-slope 80MS/s ADC using two-step time-to-digital conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An 80 MS/s analog-to-digital converter (ADC) based on single-slope conversion is presented which utilizes a recently developed gated ring oscillator (GRO) time-to-digital converter (TDC) to achieve an ENOB of 6.45 bits. ...

Park, Min

411

Downslope Flows on a Low-Angle Slope and Their Interactions with Valley Inversions. Part I: Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermally driven downslope flows were investigated on a low-angle (1.6°) slope on the west side of the floor of Utah’s Salt Lake Valley below the Oquirrh Mountains using data from a line of four tethered balloons running down the topographic ...

C. David Whiteman; Shiyuan Zhong

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Gravity current down a steeply inclined slope in a rotating fluid G. I. Shapiro, A. G. Zatsepin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravity current down a steeply inclined slope in a rotating fluid G. I. Shapiro, A. G. Zatsepin P filled with water of constant density. A bottom gravity current was produced by injecting more dense was developed for a strongly non-linear gravity current forming a near-bottom density front. The theory takes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

413

Multi-Gaussian Representation of the Cox–Munk Distribution for Slopes of Wind-Driven Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cox–Munk probability density function (PDF) for slopes (?x, ?y) of wind-driven ocean waves was obtained about 50 years ago and until now has remained the most complete result. This PDF is widely used in different applications. With respect to ...

Valerian I. Tatarskii

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Development of fly ash-based slope protection materials for waste disposal ponds. Topical report, Task 7.7  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A research project was conducted to develop a cost-effective slope protection material for a 100-acre scrubber sludge disposal pond located at the Sherco power plant. The technical objective of the project was to formulate and evaluate the performance of a slope protection material produced using self-cementing coal combustion by-products. The material was to have sufficient durability and erosion resistance to protect the underlying bottom ash fill and clay liner from wave erosion for at least 5 years when it was placed on the interior side slopes of the pond. The two coal combustion by-products that were considered for use in the slope protection material were 1) a spray dryer waste and 2) a subbituminous coal fly ash. The spray dryer waste was approximately a 50:50 mixture of subbituminous coal fly ash and reacted, lime-based scrubber sorbent. The subbituminous coal fly ash was produced from a cyclone-fired boiler. Both by-products displayed self-cementing behavior when mixed with water. The results of the field tests indicated that a slope protection slab prepared from Sherco spray dryer waste placed with a 20% moisture content showed almost no deterioration after 20 months in the field. A slab prepared from a mixture of 25% Riverside fly ash and 75% bottom ash with a moisture content of 18% showed a slight loss of material from the surface of the slab, but no substantial deterioration after 20 months in the field. Two other materials containing Riverside fly ash that were prepared with higher moisture contents showed somewhat more deterioration after 20 months, although none of the field test slabs appeared to have failed in that time period.

Moretti, C.J.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Steep-Slope Assembly Testing of Clay and Concrete Tile With and Without Cool Pigmented Colors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cool color pigments and sub-tile venting of clay and concrete tile roofs significantly impact the heat flow crossing the roof deck of a steep-slope roof. Field measures for the tile roofs revealed a 70% drop in the peak heat flow crossing the deck as compared to a direct-nailed asphalt shingle roof. The Tile Roofing Institute (TRI) and its affiliate members are keenly interested in documenting the magnitude of the drop for obtaining solar reflectance credits with state and federal "cool roof" building efficiency standards. Tile roofs are direct-nailed or are attached to a deck with batten or batten and counter-batten construction. S-Misson clay and concrete tile roofs, a medium-profile concrete tile roof, and a flat slate tile roof were installed on fully nstrumented attic test assemblies. Temperature measures of the roof, deck, attic, and ceiling, heat flows, solar reflectance, thermal emittance, and the ambient weather were recorded for each of the tile roofs and also on an adjacent attic cavity covered with a conventional pigmented and directnailed asphalt shingle roof. ORNL measured the tile's underside temperature and the bulk air temperature and heat flows just underneath the tile for batten and counter-batten tile systems and compared the results to the conventional asphalt shingle.

Miller, William A [ORNL

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Development geology of giant fields on Alaskan North Slope: Key to successful reservoir management  

SciTech Connect

The giant fields on the North Slope of Alaska (combined Permian-Triassic/Lisburne pools at Prudhoe Bay and the Kuparuk River field) produce approximately 2 million BOPD and contain about 30 billion bbl of oil in place. This production rate amounts to almost one-fourth of the US daily production. Because the reservoirs in these fields are complex and the stakes in efficient field management so high, the development geology of these fields presents a great challenge. The technical challenge of managing these fields lies in the fact that secondary and tertiary recovery projects have been initiated soon after start-up to ensure maximum recovery. Thus, the development geologist has to recommend primary development locations while formulating a reservoir description without knowing the full areal extent and heterogeneity of the reservoirs. To support the waterflood and enhanced oil recovery projects, permeability pathways and barriers have been identified using sedimentological, log, and engineering data. Because structure also plays an important role in controlling fluid pathways, the fault geometries, fracture patterns, and detailed structure are being mapped using two-dimensional and three-dimensional seismic, well, and log data. The management challenge of development work in these fields is keeping communications channels open among the development geoscience group and the reservoir, production, operations, and drilling engineers.

Kumar, N. (ARCO Alaska, Inc., Anchorage (USA))

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Material management: experience on the Alaska North Slope Project. [Kuparuk River Project  

SciTech Connect

The Kuparuk River Unit Project started in 1978, with the first major production facility sea lifted to the construction site on the North Slope of Alaska in the summer of 1981. The oil production field is located approximately 25 miles west of the Prudhoe Bay facility and 250 miles north of the Arctic Circle. The size of the Kuparuk site is 215 square miles, overlaying a projected recoverable reservoir of 1.2 billion barrels of oil. The present plan calls for approximately 50 drillsite pads, with the possibility of up to 32 wells on each pad. Modular construction was the most cost-effective method to use. The need for intensive material management on the Kuparuk River Unit Project became evident as the scope of engineering effort increased, shortening the amount of time available for acquisition of purchased materials and for the construction of the modules to meet the annual six-week sea-lift delivery period. The logistics of the Kuparuk construction site, the timeframe required to do the modular construction, the support facilities necessary, and several contractors and types of contracts, required Stearns Catalytic Corporation to consider a sophisticated material control system to identify the various areas of concern. The computerized system set up to solve the problems is discussed here generically.

Humphreys, R.B.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Tech. Rep. MSSU-COE-ERC-00-13, Engineering Research Center, Mississippi State University, 2000. Decoding of Large Terrains Using a Hardware Rendering Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the transmission and storage of enormous quantities of data [?]. For example, the application of interest of a digital elevation map (DEM) providing a 3D terrain surface; coupled to this 3D surface is an image mosaic between grid points of the DEM are generated. With larger DEMs, the sheer number of polygons can overwhelm

Fowler, James E.

419

Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 136: 593616, April 2010 Part A Summer monsoon convection in the Himalayan region: Terrain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010 Part A Summer monsoon convection in the Himalayan region: Terrain and land cover effects Socorro summer monsoon, convection occurs frequently near the Himalayan foothills. However, the nature-resolution numerical simulations and available observations from two case-studies and of the monsoon climatology

Niyogi, Dev

420

Influence of initial and boundary conditions for ozone modeling in very complex terrains: A case study in the northeastern Iberian Peninsula  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Initial (IC) and boundary conditions (BC) are required in order to solve the set of stiff differential equations included in air quality models. In this work, the influences of IC-BC are analyzed in the northeastern Iberian Peninsula (NEIP) by applying ... Keywords: Air quality modeling, Complex terrains, Initial and boundary conditions, Ozone, Photochemistry

Pedro Jiménez; René Parra; José M. Baldasano

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Effect of Topographic Variability on Initial Condition Sensitivity of Low-Level Wind Forecasts. Part II: Experiments Using Real Terrain and Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study by Bieringer et al., which is Part I of this two-part study, demonstrated analytically using the shallow-water equations and numerically in controlled experiments that the presence of terrain can result in an enhancement of sensitivities ...

Paul E. Bieringer; Peter S. Ray; Andrew J. Annunzio

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Block-Iterative Method of Solving the Nonhydrostatic Pressure in Terrain-Following Coordinates: Two-Level Pressure and Truncation Error Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique for the treatment of the pressure in anelastic, nonhydrostatic terrain-following coordinates is described. It involves the use of two levels of pressure in such a manner so as to ensure that the anelastic mass-continuity equation is ...

Terry L. Clark

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

World-Class Energy Assessments: Industrial Action Plans for Greater and More Durable Energy Cost Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report summarizes recommendations for improving the impact of industrial energy assessments. This initiative responds to the observation that less than half of recommended energy improvements are implemented as a result of traditional assessment methods. The need to rethink energy assessment strategies coincides with industry’s greater interest in controlling its energy costs. The Alliance to Save Energy conducted three roundtables at different U.S. locations during the first half of 2006. These events solicited feedback from 80 people, including energy assessment practitioners, representatives from energy consuming facilities, and government and utility program personnel. All participants in this discussion are interested in promoting industrial energy efficiency and recognize the pivotal role of energy assessments in achieving their goals. The recommendations address the considerations prior to, during, and after an energy assessment. Among this document’s leading conclusions is that the assessment experience need not be confined to a report—it can become a relationship between the assessor and the client facility. Manufacturers across the U.S. are struggling with volatile energy costs. While many industrial decision makers anticipate a solution in the form of lower energy prices, others are investigating the merits of efficient practices that reduce unnecessary energy consumption.

Russell, C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Disposal configuration options for future uses of greater confinement disposal at the Nevada Test Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for disposing of a variety of radioactive and mixed wastes, some of which are considered special-case waste because they do not currently have a clear disposal option. The DOE`s Nevada Field Office contracted with Sandia National Laboratories to investigate the possibility of disposing of some of this special-case waste at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). As part of this investigation, a review of a near-surface and subsurface disposal options that was performed to develop alternative disposal configurations for special-case waste disposal at the NTS. The criteria for the review included (1) configurations appropriate for disposal at the NTS; (2) configurations for disposal of waste at least 100 ft below the ground surface; (3) configurations for which equipment and technology currently exist; and (4) configurations that meet the special requirements imposed by the nature of special-case waste. Four options for subsurface disposal of special-case waste are proposed: mined consolidated rock, mined alluvium, deep pits or trenches, and deep boreholes. Six different methods for near-surface disposal are also presented: earth-covered tumuli, above-grade concrete structures, trenches, below-grade concrete structures, shallow boreholes, and hydrofracture. Greater confinement disposal (GCD) in boreholes at least 100 ft deep, similar to that currently practiced at the GCD facility at the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site at the NTS, was retained as the option that met the criteria for the review. Four borehole disposal configurations are proposed with engineered barriers that range from the native alluvium to a combination of gravel and concrete. The configurations identified will be used for system analysis that will be performed to determine the disposal configurations and wastes that may be suitable candidates for disposal of special-case wastes at the NTS.

Price, L. [Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Evaluation of Wax Deposition and Its Control During Production of Alaska North Slope Oils  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to increasing oil demand, oil companies are moving into arctic environments and deep-water areas for oil production. In these regions of lower temperatures, wax deposits begin to form when the temperature in the wellbore falls below wax appearance temperature (WAT). This condition leads to reduced production rates and larger pressure drops. Wax problems in production wells are very costly due to production down time for removal of wax. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a solution to wax deposition. In order to develop a solution to wax deposition, it is essential to characterize the crude oil and study phase behavior properties. The main objective of this project was to characterize Alaskan North Slope crude oil and study the phase behavior, which was further used to develop a dynamic wax deposition model. This report summarizes the results of the various experimental studies. The subtasks completed during this study include measurement of density, molecular weight, viscosity, pour point, wax appearance temperature, wax content, rate of wax deposition using cold finger, compositional characterization of crude oil and wax obtained from wax content, gas-oil ratio, and phase behavior experiments including constant composition expansion and differential liberation. Also, included in this report is the development of a thermodynamic model to predict wax precipitation. From the experimental study of wax appearance temperature, it was found that wax can start to precipitate at temperatures as high as 40.6 C. The WAT obtained from cross-polar microscopy and viscometry was compared, and it was discovered that WAT from viscometry is overestimated. From the pour point experiment it was found that crude oil can cease to flow at a temperature of 12 C. From the experimental results of wax content, it is evident that the wax content in Alaskan North Slope crude oil can be as high as 28.57%. The highest gas-oil ratio for a live oil sample was observed to be 619.26 SCF/STB. The bubblepoint pressure for live oil samples varied between 1600 psi and 2100 psi. Wax precipitation is one of the most important phenomena in wax deposition and, hence, needs to be modeled. There are various models present in the literature. Won's model, which considers the wax phase as a non-ideal solution, and Pedersen's model, which considers the wax phase as an ideal solution, were compared. Comparison indicated that Pedersen's model gives better results, but the assumption of wax phase as an ideal solution is not realistic. Hence, Won's model was modified to consider different precipitation characteristics of the various constituents in the hydrocarbon fraction. The results obtained from the modified Won's model were compared with existing models, and it was found that predictions from the modified model are encouraging.

Tao Zhu; Jack A. Walker; J. Liang

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

426

Rapid gravity and gravity gradiometry terrain correction via adaptive quadtree mesh discretization Kristofer Davis, M. Andy Kass, and Yaoguo Li, Center for Gravity, Electrical and Magnetic Studies, Colorado School  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid gravity and gravity gradiometry terrain correction via adaptive quadtree mesh discretization Kristofer Davis, M. Andy Kass, and Yaoguo Li, Center for Gravity, Electrical and Magnetic Studies, Colorado School of Mines SUMMARY We present a method for modeling the terrain response in gravity and gravity

427

Assessment of Alaska's North Slope Oil Field Capacity to Sequester CO{sub 2}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The capacity of 21 major fields containing more than 95% of the North Slope of Alaska's oil were investigated for CO{sub 2} storage by injecting CO{sub 2} as an enhanced oil recovery (EOR) agent. These fields meet the criteria for the application of miscible and immiscible CO{sub 2}-EOR methods and contain about 40 billion barrels of oil after primary and secondary recovery. Volumetric calculations from this study indicate that these fields have a static storage capacity of 3 billion metric tons of CO{sub 2}, assuming 100% oil recovery, re-pressurizing the fields to pre-fracturing pressure and applying a 50% capacity reduction to compensate for heterogeneity and for water invasion from the underlying aquifer. A ranking produced from this study, mainly controlled by field size and fracture gradient, identifies Prudhoe, Kuparuk, and West Sak as possessing the largest storage capacities under a 20% safety factor on pressures applied during storage to avoid over-pressurization, fracturing, and gas leakage. Simulation studies were conducted using CO{sub 2} Prophet to determine the amount of oil technically recoverable and CO{sub 2} gas storage possible during this process. Fields were categorized as miscible, partially miscible, and immiscible based on the miscibility of CO{sub 2} with their oil. Seven sample fields were selected across these categories for simulation studies comparing pure CO{sub 2} and water-alternating-gas injection. Results showed that the top two fields in each category for recovery and CO{sub 2} storage were Alpine and Point McIntyre (miscible), Prudhoe and Kuparuk (partially miscible), and West Sak and Lisburne (immiscible). The study concludes that 5 billion metric tons of CO{sub 2} can be stored while recovering 14.2 billion barrels of the remaining oil.

Umekwe, Pascal, E-mail: wpascals@gmail.com [Baker Hughes (United States)] [Baker Hughes (United States); Mongrain, Joanna, E-mail: Joanna.Mongrain@shell.com [Shell International Exploration and Production Co (United States)] [Shell International Exploration and Production Co (United States); Ahmadi, Mohabbat, E-mail: mahmadi@alaska.edu [University of Alaska Fairbanks, Petroleum Engineering Department (United States)] [University of Alaska Fairbanks, Petroleum Engineering Department (United States); Hanks, Catherine, E-mail: chanks@gi.alaska.edu [University of Alaska Fairbanks, Geophysical Institute (United States)] [University of Alaska Fairbanks, Geophysical Institute (United States)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

MITAS-2009 Expedition, U.S. Beaufort Shelf and Slope—Lithostratigraphy Data Report  

SciTech Connect

The volume of methane released through the Arctic Ocean to the atmosphere and its potential role in the global climate cycle have increasingly become the focus of studies seeking to understand the source and origin of this methane. In 2009, an international, multi-disciplinary science party aboard the U.S. Coast Guard icebreaker Polar Sea successfully completed a trans-U.S. Beaufort Shelf expedition aimed at understanding the sources and volumes of methane across this region. Following more than a year of preliminary cruise planning and a thorough site evaluation, the Methane in the Arctic Shelf/Slope (MITAS) expedition departed from the waters off the coast of Barrow, Alaska in September 2009. The expedition was organized with an international shipboard science team consisting of 33 scientists with the breadth of expertise necessary to meet the expedition goals. NETL researchers led the expedition’s initial core processing and lithostratigraphic evaluations, which are the focus of this report. This data report is focused on the lithostratigraphic datasets from the recovered vibra cores and piston cores. Operational information about the piston and vibra cores such as date acquired, core name, total length, water depth, and geographic location is provided. Once recovered, gas samples were immediately collected from cores. In addition, each core was run through the Geotek multi-sensor core logger for magnetic susceptibility, P-wave velocity, resistivity, and gamma-density measurements (Rose et al., 2010). After the samples and measurements were completed, the cores were split into working and archive halves. Visual core descriptions of the archive half was completed for each core. Samples for shipboard smear slides, coarse fractions, and XRD analyses were collected, as well as corresponding samples for post-cruise grain size analysis from the working half of each core. Line scan images of the split core surfaces were collected post-expedition. The methods used to characterize the lithostratigraphy of the recovered cores are described.

Rose, K.; Johnson, J.E.; Phillips, S.C.; Smith, J.; Reed, A.; Disenhof, C.; Presley, J.

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

429

Precipitation over Concave Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many topographic barriers are comprised of a series of concave or convex ridges that modulate the intensity and distribution of precipitation over mountainous areas. In this model-based idealized study, stratiform precipitation associated with ...

Qingfang Jiang

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Geologic interrelations relative to gas hydrates within the North Slope of Alaska: Task No. 6, Final report  

SciTech Connect

The five primary objectives of the US Geological Survey North Slope Gas Hydrate Project were to: (1) Determine possible geologic controls on the occurrence of gas hydrate; (2) locate and evaluate possible gas-hydrate-bearing reservoirs; (3) estimate the volume of gas within the hydrates; (4) develop a model for gas-hydrate formation; and (5) select a coring site for gas-hydrate sampling and analysis. Our studies of the North Slope of Alaska suggest that the zone in which gas hydrates are stable is controlled primarily by subsurface temperatures and gas chemistry. Other factors, such as pore-pressure variations, pore-fluid salinity, and reservior-rock grain size, appear to have little effect on gas hydrate stability on the North Slope. Data necessary to determine the limits of gas hydrate stability field are difficult to obtain. On the basis of mud-log gas chromatography, core data, and cuttings data, methane is the dominant species of gas in the near-surface (0--1500 m) sediment. Gas hydrates were identified in 34 wells utilizing well-log responses calibrated to the response of an interval in one well where gas hydrates were actually recovered in a core by an oil company. A possible scenario describing the origin of the interred gas hydrates on the North Slope involves the migration of thermogenic solution- and free-gas from deeper reservoirs upward along faults into the overlying sedimentary rocks. We have identified two (dedicated) core-hole sites, the Eileen and the South-End core-holes, at which there is a high probability of recovering a sample of gas hydrate. At the Eileen core-hole site, at least three stratigraphic units may contain gas hydrate. The South-End core-hole site provides an opportunity to study one specific rock unit that appears to contain both gas hydrate and oil. 100 refs., 72 figs., 24 tabs.

Collett, T.S.; Bird, K.J.; Kvenvolden, K.A.; Magoon, L.B.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

The sedimentological and geotechnical characteristics of the lower continental slope and rise of the Mississippi Fan fold belt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study is based on geological and geotechnical laboratory testing data of 70 three inch diameter piston cores. Concentration is along the Sigsbee Escarpment in a grid area between 90? and 91?W and 26.7? and 27.3?N. Water depth ranges from 1,200 meters below sea level to 2,500 meters below sea level. All data were used to characterize the seafloor processes that deposited these sediments. The Sigsbee Escarpment represents a complex topographic and geologic feature involving faults, slumps and steep slopes. Most of the study area is covered by hemipelagic Holocene sediments in 0.05 to 2.9 m thickness, greatest thickness being in bathymetric lows indicating that Holocene sediments are eroded at the bathymetric highs and transported down the slope. The underlying Pleistocene sediments are mostly laminated clays in the southwestern part of the study area, indicating no mass wasting. Hemipelagic sedimentation in quiet sea bottom environment was dominant throughout the accumulation of the unit. Several generations of slumps have occurred in the northeastern part of the Sigsbee Escarpment during the Pleistocene showing that this part of the study area is an area where active mass wasting and down slope processes dominate.

Ramazanova, Rahila

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Environmental Impacts of Wind Power Development on the Population Biology of Greater Prairie-Chickens  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Executive Summary 1. We investigated the impacts of wind power development on the demography, movements, and population genetics of Greater Prairie-Chickens (Tympanuchus cupido) at three sites in northcentral and eastern Kansas for a 7-year period. Only 1 of 3 sites was developed for wind power, the 201MW Meridan Way Wind Power Facility at the Smoky Hills site in northcentral Kansas. Our project report is based on population data for prairie chickens collected during a 2-year preconstruction period (2007-2008), a 3-year postconstruction period (2009-2011) and one final year of lek surveys (2012). Where relevant, we present preconstruction data from our field studies at reference sites in the northern Flint Hills (2007-2009) and southern Flint Hills (2006-2008). 2. We addressed seven potential impacts of wind power development on prairie chickens: lek attendance, mating behavior, use of breeding habitat, fecundity rates, natal dispersal, survival rates, and population numbers. Our analyses of pre- and postconstruction impacts are based on an analysis of covariance design where we modeled population performance as a function of treatment period, distance to eventual or actual site of the nearest wind turbine, and the interaction of these factors. Our demographic and movement data from the 6-year study period at the Smoky Hills site included 23 lek sites, 251 radio-marked females monitored for 287 bird-years, and 264 nesting attempts. Our genetic data were based on genotypes of 1,760 females, males and chicks that were screened with a set of 27 microsatellite markers that were optimized in the lab. 3. In our analyses of lek attendance, the annual probability of lek persistence during the preconstruction period was ~0.9. During the postconstruction period, distance to nearest turbine did not have a significant effect on the probability of lek persistence. However, the probability of lek persistence increased from 0.69 at 0 m to 0.89 at 30 km from turbines, and most abandoned lek sites were located 0.9 for leks of 10 or more males. Large leks in grasslands should be a higher priority for conservation. Overall, wind power development had a weak effect on the annual probability of lek persistence. 3. We used molecular methods to investigate the mating behavior of prairie chickens. The prevailing view for lek-mating grouse is that females mate once to fertilize the clutch and that conspecific nest parasitism is rare. We found evidence that females mate multiple times to fertilize the clutch (8-18% of broods, 4-38% of chicks) and will parasitize nests of other females during egg-laying (~17% of nests). Variable rates of parentage were highest in the fragmented landscapes at the Smoky Hills field site, and were lower at the Flint Hills field site. Comparisons of the pre- and postconstruction periods showed that wind energy development did not affect the mating behaviors of prairie chickens. 4. We examined use of breeding habitats by radio-marked females and conducted separate analyses for nest site selection, and movements of females not attending nests or broods. The landscape was a mix of native prairie and agricultural habitats, and nest site selection was not random because females preferred to nest in grasslands. Nests tended to be closer to turbines during the postconstruction period and there was no evidence of behavioral avoidance of turbines by females during nest site selection. Movements of females not attending nests or broods showed that females crossed the site of the wind power development at higher rates during the preconstruction period (20%) than the postconstruction period (11%), and that movements away from turbines were more frequent during the postconstruction period. Thus, wind power development appears to affect movements in breeding habitats but not nest site s

Sandercock, Brett K. [Kansas State University

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

433

Review of science issues, deployment strategy, and status for the ARM north slope of Alaska-Adjacent Arctic Ocean climate research site  

SciTech Connect

Recent climate modeling results point to the Arctic as a region that is particularly sensitive to global climate change. The Arctic warming predicted by the models to result from the expected doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide is two to three times the predicted mean global warming, and considerably greater than the warming predicted for the Antarctic. The North Slope of Alaska-Adjacent Arctic Ocean (NSA-AAO) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is designed to collect data on temperature-ice-albedo and water vapor-cloud-radiation feedbacks, which are believed to be important to the predicted enhanced warming in the Arctic. The most important scientific issues of Arctic, as well as global, significance to be addressed at the NSA-AAO CART site are discussed, and a brief overview of the current approach toward, and status of, site development is provided. ARM radiometric and remote sensing instrumentation is already deployed and taking data in the perennial Arctic ice pack as part of the SHEBA (Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic ocean) experiment. In parallel with ARM`s participation in SHEBA, the NSA-AAO facility near Barrow was formally dedicated on 1 July 1997 and began routine data collection early in 1998. This schedule permits the US Department of Energy`s ARM Program, NASA`s Arctic Cloud program, and the SHEBA program (funded primarily by the National Science Foundation and the Office of Naval Research) to be mutually supportive. In addition, location of the NSA-AAO Barrow facility on National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration land immediately adjacent to its Climate Monitoring and Diagnostic Laboratory Barrow Observatory includes NOAA in this major interagency Arctic collaboration.

Stamnes, K. [Univ. of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK (United States). Geophysical Inst.; Ellingson, R.G. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Meteorology; Curry, J.A. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Aerospace and Engineering Sciences; Walsh, J.E. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences; Zak, B.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Medical Records in the Greater Los Angeles State Veterans Home: A Unique Opportunity to Improve Quality of Care  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B: Organizational Chart of the Greater Los Angeles Healthhealth information systems to work together within and across organizationalorganizational hierarchy, from the director of GLA to the network director, to the Deputy Under Secretary for Health,

Allison Townsend; Galena Kolchugina

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Effect of Sea Breeze on Air Pollution in the Greater Athens Area. Part II: Analysis of Different Emission Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mediterranean Campaign of Photochemical Tracers–Transport and Chemical Evolution that took place in the greater Athens area from 20 August to 20 September 1994 has confirmed the role of sea-breeze circulation in photochemical smog episodes ...

Paola Grossi; Philippe Thunis; Alberto Martilli; Alain Clappier

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

An Analysis of Simultaneous Online GC Measurements of BTEX Aromatics at Three Selected Sites in the Greater Munich Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During two field campaigns in 1993 and 1994, measurements of aromatic compounds [benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, m-/p-/o-xylenes (BTEX)] were carried out at urban and rural sites in the greater Munich area. These field campaigns represent a ...

B. Rappenglück; P. Fabian

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Sensitivity of Low Sloped Roofs Designs to Initial Water and Air Leakage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid water in low sloped roofs almost always causes problems. Roofs are designed only to control the migration of vapor, if at all. Small amounts of water leakage/penetration, may cause mold growth or catastrophic corrosion in current roofs systems. In a recent paper by the authors the effect of exterior surface emissive and absorptive properties was found to have a significant effect on the moisture performance of a roof that had a leak. Depending on the surface characteristics, roof systems can be designed to effectively manage water penetration, but at an energy cost. In the roofs system examined previously, air leakage was not included. In the present study, the authors reinvestigated the effect of water penetration and the influence of air leakage on the hygrothermal performance of a few selected roofs. The drying potential of a groove ventilated roof is examined. The performance concept is based on the fact that warming up of air in the groove increases it's ability to transport moisture to the outside. Solar radiation raises the temperature of air in the grooves and on average, during a sunny summer day 0.5 L of water can be ventilated out of the roof per 1m width of the roof. In this paper, one climatic condition was investigated; a hot and humid Climate representative of Houston, TX. The specific questions that the paper addresses are: What are the vapor and liquid control dynamic involved in the moisture migration of a roof in Houston TX? and how does airflow influence the performance of a roof that is initially wet ? A state-of-the-art numerical model was used to address these issues. Results showed that the drying potential depends on the ventilation rates. The roof system with ventilation grooves dried out faster from the initially wet stage than the roof without the ventilation grooves. The total increase in heat loss of the roof was found to be between 0 - 5 % depending on the thickness of the insulation. The ventilation can cool down the temperature of the roof in the middle of a hot and sunny day thus reducing the heat load to the inside.

Karagiozis, A.; Desjarlais, A.; Salonvaara, M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Chemical and Microbial Characterization of North Slope Viscous Oils to Assess Viscosity Reduction and Enhanced Recovery  

SciTech Connect

A large proportion of Alaska North Slope (ANS) oil exists in the form of viscous deposits, which cannot be produced entirely using conventional methods. Microbially enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) is a promising approach for improving oil recovery for viscous deposits. MEOR can be achieved using either ex situ approaches such as flooding with microbial biosurfactants or injection of exogenous surfactant-producing microbes into the reservoir, or by in situ approaches such as biostimulation of indigenous surfactant-producing microbes in the oil. Experimental work was performed to analyze the potential application of MEOR to the ANS oil fields through both ex situ and in situ approaches. A microbial formulation containing a known biosurfactant-producing strain of Bacillus licheniformis was developed in order to simulate MEOR. Coreflooding experiments were performed to simulate MEOR and quantify the incremental oil recovery. Properties like viscosity, density, and chemical composition of oil were monitored to propose a mechanism for oil recovery. The microbial formulation significantly increased incremental oil recovery, and molecular biological analyses indicated that the strain survived during the shut-in period. The indigenous microflora of ANS heavy oils was investigated to characterize the microbial communities and test for surfactant producers that are potentially useful for biostimulation. Bacteria that reduce the surface tension of aqueous media were isolated from one of the five ANS oils (Milne Point) and from rock oiled by the Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS), and may prove valuable for ex situ MEOR strategies. The total bacterial community composition of the six different oils was evaluated using molecular genetic tools, which revealed that each oil tested possessed a unique fingerprint indicating a diverse bacterial community and varied assemblages. Collectively we have demonstrated that there is potential for in situ and ex situ MEOR of ANS oils. Future work should focus on lab and field-scale testing of ex situ MEOR using Bacillus licheniformis as well as the biosurfactant-producing strains we have newly isolated from the Milne Point reservoir and the EVOS environment.

Shirish Patil; Abhijit Dandekar; Mary Beth Leigh

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

Environmental Impacts of Wind Power Development on the Population Biology of Greater Prairie-Chickens  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary 1. We investigated the impacts of wind power development on the demography, movements, and population genetics of Greater Prairie-Chickens (Tympanuchus cupido) at three sites in northcentral and eastern Kansas for a 7-year period. Only 1 of 3 sites was developed for wind power, the 201MW Meridan Way Wind Power Facility at the Smoky Hills site in northcentral Kansas. Our project report is based on population data for prairie chickens collected during a 2-year preconstruction period (2007-2008), a 3-year postconstruction period (2009-2011) and one final year of lek surveys (2012). Where relevant, we present preconstruction data from our field studies at reference sites in the northern Flint Hills (2007-2009) and southern Flint Hills (2006-2008). 2. We addressed seven potential impacts of wind power development on prairie chickens: lek attendance, mating behavior, use of breeding habitat, fecundity rates, natal dispersal, survival rates, and population numbers. Our analyses of pre- and postconstruction impacts are based on an analysis of covariance design where we modeled population performance as a function of treatment period, distance to eventual or actual site of the nearest wind turbine, and the interaction of these factors. Our demographic and movement data from the 6-year study period at the Smoky Hills site included 23 lek sites, 251 radio-marked females monitored for 287 bird-years, and 264 nesting attempts. Our genetic data were based on genotypes of 1,760 females, males and chicks that were screened with a set of 27 microsatellite markers that were optimized in the lab. 3. In our analyses of lek attendance, the annual probability of lek persistence during the preconstruction period was ~0.9. During the postconstruction period, distance to nearest turbine did not have a significant effect on the probability of lek persistence. However, the probability of lek persistence increased from 0.69 at 0 m to 0.89 at 30 km from turbines, and most abandoned lek sites were located <5 km from turbines. Probability of lek persistence was significantly related to habitat and number of males. Leks had a higher probability of persistence in grasslands than agricultural fields, and increased from ~0.2 for leks of 5 males, to >0.9 for leks of 10 or more males. Large leks in grasslands should be a higher priority for conservation. Overall, wind power development had a weak effect on the annual probability of lek persistence. 3. We used molecular methods to investigate the mating behavior of prairie chickens. The prevailing view for lek-mating grouse is that females mate once to fertilize the clutch and that conspecific nest parasitism is rare. We found evidence that females mate multiple times to fertilize the clutch (8-18% of broods, 4-38% of chicks) and will parasitize nests of other females during egg-laying (~17% of nests). Variable rates of parentage were highest in the fragmented landscapes at the Smoky Hills field site, and were lower at the Flint Hills field site. Comparisons of the pre- and postconstruction periods showed that wind energy development did not affect the mating behaviors of prairie chickens. 4. We examined use of breeding habitats by radio-marked females and conducted separate analyses for nest site selection, and movements of females not attending nests or broods. The landscape was a mix of native prairie and agricultural habitats, and nest site selection was not random because females preferred to nest in grasslands. Nests tended to be closer to turbines during the postconstruction period and there was no evidence of behavioral avoidance of turbines by females during nest site selection. Movements of females not attending nests or broods showed that females crossed the site of the wind power development at higher rates during the preconstruction period (20%) than the postconstruction period (11%), and that movements away from turbines were more frequent during the postconstruction period. Thus, wind power development appears to affect movements in breeding habitats but not nest site s

Sandercock, Brett K. [Kansas State University

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

440

The Response of the SSM/I to the Marine Environment. Part II: A Parameterization of the Effect of the Sea Surface Slope Distribution on Emission and Reflection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on a geometric optics model and the assumption of an isotropic Gaussian surface slope distribution, the component of ocean surface microwave emissivity variation due to large-scale surface roughness is parameterized for the frequencies and ...

Grant W. Petty; Kristina B. Katsaros

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Analysis of Radiosonde and Ground-Based Remotely Sensed PWV Data from the 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During 9 March–9 April 2004, the North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment was conducted at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program’s (ARM) “Great White” field site near Barrow, Alaska. The major goals of the experiment ...

V. Mattioli; E. R. Westwater; D. Cimini; J. C. Liljegren; B. M. Lesht; S. I. Gutman; F. J. Schmidlin

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

On Intermediate Models for Barotropic Continental Shelf and Slope Flow Fields. Part II: Comparison of Numerical Model Solutions in Doubly Periodic Domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of a program to improve understanding of the dynamics of the complicated, vigorous eddy and jet flow fields recently observed over the continental shelf and slope, we investigate the potential of intermediate models for use in both ...

J. A. Barth; J. S. Allen; P. A. Newberger

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Improving single slope ADC and an example implemented in FPGA with 16.7 GHz equivalent counter clook frequency  

SciTech Connect

Single slope ADC is a common building block in many ASCI or FPGA based front-end systems due to its simplicity, small silicon footprint, low noise interference and low power consumption. In single slope ADC, using a Gray code counter is a popular scheme for time digitization, in which the comparator output drives the clock (CK) port of a register to latch the bits from the Gray code counter. Unfortunately, feeding the comparator output into the CK-port causes unnecessary complexities and artificial challenges. In this case, the propagation delays of all bits from the counter to the register inputs must be matched and the counter must be a Gray code one. A simple improvement on the circuit topology, i.e., feeding the comparator output into the D-port of a register, will avoid these unnecessary challenges, eliminating the requirement of the propagation delay match of the counter bits and allowing the use of regular binary counters. This scheme not only simplifies current designs for low speeds and resolutions, but also opens possibilities for applications requiring higher speeds and resolutions. A multi-channel single slope ADC based on a low-cost FPGA device has been implemented and tested. The timing measurement bin width in this work is 60 ps, which would need a 16.7 GHz counter clock had it implemented with the conventional Gray code counter scheme. A 12-bit performance is achieved using a fully differential circuit making comparison between the input and the ramping reference, both in differential format.

Wu, Jinyuan; /Fermilab; Odeghe, John; /South Carolina State U.; Stackley, Scott; /Boston U.; Zha, Charles; /Rice U.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The component slope linear model for calculating intensive partial molar properties /application to waste glasses and aluminate solutions  

SciTech Connect

Partial molar properties are the changes occurring when the fraction of one component is varied while the fractions of all other component mole fractions change proportionally. They have many practical and theoretical applications in chemical thermodynamics. Partial molar properties of chemical mixtures are difficult to measure because the component mole fractions must sum to one, so a change in fraction of one component must be offset with a change in one or more other components. Given that more than one component fraction is changing at a time, it is difficult to assign a change in measured response to a change in a single component. In this study, the Component Slope Linear Model (CSLM), a model previously published in the statistics literature, is shown to have coefficients that correspond to the intensive partial molar properties. If a measured property is plotted against the mole fraction of a component while keeping the proportions of all other components constant, the slope at any given point on a graph of this curve is the partial molar property for that constituent. Actually plotting this graph has been used to determine partial molar properties for many years. The CSLM directly includes this slope in a model that predicts properties as a function of the component mole fractions. This model is demonstrated by applying it to the constant pressure heat capacity data from the NaOH-NaAl(OH){sub 4}-H{sub 2}O system, a system that simplifies Hanford nuclear waste. The partial molar properties of H{sub 2}O, NaOH, and NaAl(OH){sub 4} are determined. The equivalence of the CSLM and the graphical method is verified by comparing results determined by the two methods. The CSLM model has been previously used to predict the liquidus temperature of spinel crystals precipitated from Hanford waste glass. Those model coefficients are re-interpreted here as the partial molar spinel liquidus temperature of the glass components.

Reynolds, Jacob G. [Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC, Richland, WA (United States)

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

445

Numerical Analysis on the Contribution of Urbanization to Wind Stilling: An Example over the Greater Beijing Metropolitan Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A decline of surface wind speed (wind stilling) has been observed in many regions of the world. The greater Beijing metropolitan area in China is taken as an example for analyzing the urbanization impact on wind stilling. This study set up five ...

Aizhong Hou; Guangheng Ni; Hanbo Yang; Zhidong Lei

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

SOLVENT-BASED ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY PROCESSES TO DEVELOP WEST SAK ALASKA NORTH SLOPE HEAVY OIL RESOURCES  

SciTech Connect

A one-year research program is conducted to evaluate the feasibility of applying solvent-based enhanced oil recovery processes to develop West Sak and Ugnu heavy oil resources found on the Alaska North Slope (ANS). The project objective is to conduct research to develop technology to produce and market the 300-3000 cp oil in the West Sak and Ugnu sands. During the first phase of the research, background information was collected, and experimental and numerical studies of vapor extraction process (VAPEX) in West Sak and Ugnu are conducted. The experimental study is designed to foster understanding of the processes governing vapor chamber formation and growth, and to optimize oil recovery. A specially designed core-holder and a computed tomography (CT) scanner was used to measure the in-situ distribution of phases. Numerical simulation study of VAPEX was initiated during the first year. The numerical work completed during this period includes setting up a numerical model and using the analog data to simulate lab experiments of the VAPEX process. The goal was to understand the mechanisms governing the VAPEX process. Additional work is recommended to expand the VAPEX numerical study using actual field data obtained from Alaska North Slope.

David O. Ogbe; Tao Zhu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Greater Everglades Ecosystem Restoration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

find a significant effect of location on TclP p 0.07 within each species ( , ). The cold toleranceF p 6

Watson, Craig A.

448

Principal facts and a discussion of terrain correction methods for the complete Bouguer gravity anomaly map of the Cascade Mountains, Washington  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since 1974, the Division of Geology and Earth Resources, in conjunction with the US Department of Energy, has supported gravity studies in the Cascade Mountains of Washington State. Results of the Cascade gravity project are summarized graphically as a complete Bouguer gravity anomaly map of the Cascade Mountains, Washington (Danes and Phillips, 1983). This report provides supplementary data and documentation for the complete Bouguer gravity anomaly map. Presented are principal gravity facts, simple Bouguer and Free-air gravity anomalies, computational methods, error analysis and a discussion of terrain corrections.

Danes, Z.F.; Phillips, W.M.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Sulfur geochemistry of thermogenic gas hydrate and associated sediment from the Texas-Louisiana continental slope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermogenic gas hydrate and associated sediment were recovered from the northern Gulf of Mexico east of the Mississippi Canyon to investigate the interactions between gas hydrate and sedimentary sulfides. Sediment solid phase analyses included total reduced sulfide (TRS), acid volatile sulfide, and citrate-dithionate and HCl extractable iron. Pore-fluid measurements included []H?S, chloride, sulfate, ammonia and total dissolved inorganic carbon. Gas hydrate hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide content were measured using a new wet chemical technique. The []³?S relative to Vienna Canyon Diablo troilite was determined for TRS and hydrate H?S. Extensive (>95%) reduction of pore-fluid sulfate occurred, resulting in exceptionally high []H?S concentrations (up to ~10 mM) and TRS concentrations (271 ± 50 []mole/g). However, the mole fraction of H?S within the gas hydrate was too low (~0.3%) to significantly influence hydrate stability. This appears related to high reactive iron concentrations which average 256 ± 66 []mol/g (pyrite iron + HCl extractable iron). These iron-rich sediments are thus capable of sequestering much of the generated sulfide in the form of TRS minerals, thereby making it unavailable for incorporation by gas hydrate. The TRS concentrations are about an order of magnitude greater than expected for sites at similar water depths in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Steep dissolved []H?S concentration gradients were observed both above and below the gas hydrate indicating diffusion of sulfide from the surrounding system into the gas hydrate. The gradients were used to estimate an incorporation rate of ~1 []mol H?S/yr-cm² assuming molecular diffusion. TRS in close proximity to the hydrate was depleted in ³?S by ~10[0/00] relative to TRS remote to the hydrate. The precise mechanism responsible for this relative depletion in ³?S is not clear, but may prove an important geochemical indicator of sediments in which gas hydrate is or has been present. Studies at other sites will be necessary to confirm the generality of these observations.

Gledhill, Dwight Kuehl

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Theoretical analysis of error transfer from surface slope to refractive ray and their application to the solar concentrated collector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the general equation to calculate the standard deviation of reflected ray error from optical error through geometry optics, applying the equation to calculate the standard deviation of reflected ray error for 8 kinds of solar concentrated reflector, provide typical results. The results indicate that the slope errors in two direction is transferred to any one direction of the focus ray when the incidence angle is more than 0 for solar trough and heliostats reflector; for point focus Fresnel lens, point focus parabolic glass mirror, line focus parabolic galss mirror, the error transferring coefficient from optical to focus ray will increase when the rim angle increase; for TIR-R concentrator, it will decrease; for glass heliostat, it relates to the incidence angle and azimuth of the reflecting point. Keywords: optic error, standard deviation, refractive ray error, concentrated solar collector

Huang, Weidong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

A Methodology for the Assessment of Unconventional (Continuous) Resources with an Application to the Greater Natural Buttes Gas Field, Utah  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Greater Natural Buttes tight natural gas field is an unconventional (continuous) accumulation in the Uinta Basin, Utah, that began production in the early 1950s from the Upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group. Three years later, production was extended to the Eocene Wasatch Formation. With the exclusion of 1100 non-productive ('dry') wells, we estimate that the final recovery from the 2500 producing wells existing in 2007 will be about 1.7 trillion standard cubic feet (TSCF) (48.2 billion cubic meters (BCM)). The use of estimated ultimate recovery (EUR) per well is common in assessments of unconventional resources, and it is one of the main sources of information to forecast undiscovered resources. Each calculated recovery value has an associated drainage area that generally varies from well to well and that can be mathematically subdivided into elemental subareas of constant size and shape called cells. Recovery per 5-acre cells at Greater Natural Buttes shows spatial correlation; hence, statistical approaches that ignore this correlation when inferring EUR values for untested cells do not take full advantage of all the information contained in the data. More critically, resulting models do not match the style of spatial EUR fluctuations observed in nature. This study takes a new approach by applying spatial statistics to model geographical variation of cell EUR taking into account spatial correlation and the influence of fractures. We applied sequential indicator simulation to model non-productive cells, while spatial mapping of cell EUR was obtained by applying sequential Gaussian simulation to provide multiple versions of reality (realizations) having equal chances of being the correct model. For each realization, summation of EUR in cells not drained by the existing wells allowed preparation of a stochastic prediction of undiscovered resources, which range between 2.6 and 3.4 TSCF (73.6 and 96.3 BCM) with a mean of 2.9 TSCF (82.1 BCM) for Greater Natural Buttes. A second approach illustrates the application of multiple-point simulation to assess a hypothetical frontier area for which there is no production information but which is regarded as being similar to Greater Natural Buttes.

Olea, Ricardo A., E-mail: olea@usgs.gov [U.S. Geological Survey (United States); Cook, Troy A. [Denver Federal Center (United States); Coleman, James L. [U.S. Geological Survey (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

452

ARM Climate Research Facilities on the North Slope of Alaska: Field Campaigns in 2007, New Facilities, and the International Polar Year  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Research Facilities on the North Slope of Alaska: Climate Research Facilities on the North Slope of Alaska: Field Campaigns in 2007, New Facilities, and the International Polar Year Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign (RHUBC): Feb 26 - Mar 14 2007 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Contributors: Mark Ivey, Bernie Zak, Jeff Zirzow, Sandia National Labs Dana Truffer-Moudra, University of Alaska Fairbanks Hans Verlinde, Chad Bahrmann, Scott Richardson, Penn State University Winter

453

Demonstration of Decision Support Tools for Sustainable Development - An Application on Alternative Fuels in the Greater Yellowstone-Teton Region  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Demonstration of Decision Support Tools for Sustainable Development project integrated the Bechtel/Nexant Industrial Materials Exchange Planner and the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory System Dynamic models, demonstrating their capabilities on alternative fuel applications in the Greater Yellowstone-Teton Park system. The combined model, called the Dynamic Industrial Material Exchange, was used on selected test cases in the Greater Yellow Teton Parks region to evaluate economic, environmental, and social implications of alternative fuel applications, and identifying primary and secondary industries. The test cases included looking at compressed natural gas applications in Teton National Park and Jackson, Wyoming, and studying ethanol use in Yellowstone National Park and gateway cities in Montana. With further development, the system could be used to assist decision-makers (local government, planners, vehicle purchasers, and fuel suppliers) in selecting alternative fuels, vehicles, and developing AF infrastructures. The system could become a regional AF market assessment tool that could help decision-makers understand the behavior of the AF market and conditions in which the market would grow. Based on this high level market assessment, investors and decision-makers would become more knowledgeable of the AF market opportunity before developing detailed plans and preparing financial analysis.

Shropshire, D.E.; Cobb, D.A.; Worhach, P.; Jacobson, J.J.; Berrett, S.

2000-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

454

Potential co-disposal of greater-than-class C low-level radioactive waste with Department of Energy special case waste - greater-than-class C low-level waste management program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document evaluates the feasibility of co-disposing of greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste (GTCC LLW) with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) special case waste (SCW). This document: (1) Discusses and evaluates key issues concerning co-disposal of GTCC LLW with SCW. This includes examining these issues in terms of regulatory concerns, technical feasibility, and economics; (2) Examines advantages and disadvantages of such co-disposal; and (3) Makes recommendations. Research and analysis of the issues presented in this report indicate that it would be technically and economically feasible to co-dispose of GTCC LLW with DOE SCW. However, a dilemma will likely arise in the current division of regulatory responsibilities between the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and DOE (i.e., current requirement for disposal of GTCC LLW in a facility licensed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission). DOE SCW is currently not subject to this licensing requirement.

Allred, W.E.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

An Observation of Frontal Wave Development on a Shelf-Slope/Warm Core Ring Front Near the Shelf Break South of New England  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small-scale waves have been observed near 40°N, 68°30?W in specially enhanced satellite imagery of a strong temperature front formed in May 1979, between the shelf/slope-water front and warm core ring 79-B. Thew frontal waves had a wavelength of ...

S. R. Ramp; R. C. Beardsley; R. Legeckis

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

The Vertical Structure of the Surface Wave Radiation Stress for Circulation over a Sloping Bottom as Given by Thickness-Weighted-Mean Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous attempts to derive the depth-dependent expression of the radiation stress have led to a debate concerning (i) the applicability of the Mellor approach to a sloping bottom, (ii) the introduction of the delta function at the mean sea ...

Hidenori Aiki; Richard J. Greatbatch

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Greater Caribbean Energy and Environment Future. Ad hoc working group report, Key Biscayne, Florida, October 26-28, 1980  

SciTech Connect

This report of Workshop I (presented in outline form) by the Greater Caribbean Energy and Environment Foundation begin an intensive focus on the energy problems of the Caribbean. The process by which environmental assessments by tropical experts can be successfully integrated into energy decisions is by: (1) international loan institutions requiring or strongly recommending excellent assessments; (2) engineering awareness of total effects of energy projects; (3) governmental environmental consciousness-raising with regard to natural resource value and potential inadvertent and unnecessary resource losses during energy development; and (4) media participation. Section headings in the outline are: preamble; introduction; research tasks: today and twenty years hence; needed research, demonstration and information dissemination projects to get knowledge about Caribbean energy-environment used; summary; recommendations; generalized conclusions; and background literature. (JGB)

Thorhaug, A. (ed.)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Evaluation of Department of Energy-Held Potential Greater-Than-Class C Low-Level Radioactive Waste. Revision 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of commercial facilities have generated potential greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste (GTCC LLW), and, through contractual arrangements with the US Department of Energy (DOE) or for health and safety reasons, DOE is storing the waste. This report presents the results of an assessment conducted by the GTCC LLW Management Program to consider specific circumstances under which DOE accepted the waste, and to determine whether disposal in a facility licensed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, or by DOE in a nonlicensed facility, is appropriate. Input from EG&G Idaho, Inc., and DOE Idaho Operations Office legal departments concerning the disposal requirements of this waste were the basis for the decision process used in this report.

NONE

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Greater Postimplant Swelling in Small-Volume Prostate Glands: Implications for Dosimetry, Treatment Planning, and Operating Room Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Postimplant prostatic edema has been implicated in suboptimal permanent implants, and smaller prostates have been reported to have worse dosimetric coverage. In this study we compare the degree of postimplant edema between larger and smaller prostates and examine the effects of prostate size on the dose delivered to 90% of the prostate (D90). Methods and Materials: From September 2003 to February 2006, 105 hormone-naive patients underwent permanent prostate brachytherapy with {sup 125}I Rapid Strand (Oncura Inc., Arlington Heights, IL). All patients underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 3 weeks before implant, transrectal ultrasound at the time of implant, and both computed tomography and MRI 2.5 to 3 weeks after implant. Prostates were divided into 5 subgroups based on preimplant MRI volumes: less than 25 mL, 25 to 35 mL, 35 to 45 mL, 45 to 55 mL, and greater than 55 mL. Prostate swelling was assessed by use of preimplant and postimplant MRI volumes. Postimplant dosimetry was determined by MRI and compared between the subgroups. Results: All prostates showed postimplant swelling on MRI when compared with preimplant MRI, with a mean increase of 31% {+-} 31% (p < 0.0001). The greatest swelling was noted in small prostates (volume less than 25 mL), with a mean increase of 70% {+-} 36%. The degree of swelling in the group with a volume less than 25 mL was significantly larger than the degree of swelling in all other prostate subgroups (p < 0.003). Transrectal ultrasound significantly overestimates the prostate volume when compared with MRI by a mean of 15% {+-} 25% (p = 0.0006) and is more pronounced for smaller prostates. Although prostates with volumes less than 25 mL did not have significantly worse D90 compared with larger prostates, they had the largest percent of suboptimal implants by the standard ratio of D90 divided by the prescription dose. Conclusions: Although small prostates have the greatest postimplant edema, planning ultrasound at the time of implant overestimates the volumes of smaller prostates to a greater degree than larger prostates, which may minimize the effects of edema on postimplant dosimetry.

Chung, Eugene; Stenmark, Matthew H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Evans, Cheryl [Department of Radiation Oncology, Providence Cancer Center, Novi, MI (United States); Narayana, Vrinda [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Providence Cancer Center, Novi, MI (United States); McLaughlin, Patrick W., E-mail: mclaughb@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Providence Cancer Center, Novi, MI (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

The Slippery Slope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela Introduction In the life of individuals,we focus on South America, Venezuela has imported caretakers

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Vitrification treatment options for disposal of greater-than-Class-C low-level waste in a deep geologic repository  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE), in keeping with their responsibility under Public Law 99-240, the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985, is investigating several disposal options for greater-than-Class C low-level waste (GTCC LLW), including emplacement in a deep geologic repository. At the present time vitrification, namely borosilicate glass, is the standard waste form assumed for high-level waste accepted into the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System. This report supports DOE`s investigation of the deep geologic disposal option by comparing the vitrification treatments that are able to convert those GTCC LLWs that are inherently migratory into stable waste forms acceptable for disposal in a deep geologic repository. Eight vitrification treatments that utilize glass, glass ceramic, or basalt waste form matrices are identified. Six of these are discussed in detail, stating the advantages and limitations of each relative to their ability to immobilize GTCC LLW. The report concludes that the waste form most likely to provide the best composite of performance characteristics for GTCC process waste is Iron Enriched Basalt 4 (IEB4).

Fullmer, K.S.; Fish, L.W.; Fischer, D.K.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Proposal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions via landfill gas management in Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to evaluate the feasibility of reducing the emission of greenhouse gases by collection, flaring, and possibly beneficially using the gas from landfills in Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina (GBA). Another purpose was to prepare a proposal to the US Initiative on Joint Implementation (USIJI) for a project to collect and possibly use the landfill gas (LFG). The project was carried out from September 30, 1997 through September 30, 1998. Collection and flaring of gas is feasible provided private firms have sufficient incentive to obtain greenhouse gas emission reduction benefits. The value of those benefits that would be required to motivate funding of an LFG management project was not explicitly determined. However, one independent power producer has expressed an interest in funding the first phase of the proposed project and paid for a detailed feasibility study which was conducted in August and September of 1998. As a result of this project, a proposal was submitted to the USIJI Evaluation Panel in June, 1998. In August, 1998, an office was established for reviewing and approving joint implementation proposals. The proposal is currently under review by that office.

Jones, D.B.

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Correction and commentary for "Ocean forecasting in terrain-following coordinates: Formulation and skill assessment of the regional ocean modeling system" by Haidvogel et al., J. Comp. Phys. 227, pp. 3595-3624  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although our names appear as co-authors in the above article (Haidvogel et al. (2008) [1], hereafter H2008), we were not aware of its existence until after it was published. In reading the article, we discovered that a significant portion of it (~40%, ... Keywords: Conservation and constancy preservation, Regional ocean modeling, Split-explicit time stepping, Terrain-following coordinates

Alexander F. Shchepetkin; James C. McWilliams

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Using a Neural Network to Determine the Hatch Status of the AERI at the ARM North Slope of Alaska Site  

SciTech Connect

The fore-optics of the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) are protected by an automated hatch to prevent precipitation from fouling the instrument's scene mirror (Knuteson et al. 2004). Limit switches connected with the hatch controller provide a signal of the hatch state: open, closed, undetermined (typically associated with the hatch being between fully open or fully closed during the instrument's sky view period), or an error condition. The instrument then records the state of the hatch with the radiance data so that samples taken when the hatch is not open can be removed from any subsequent analysis. However, the hatch controller suffered a multi-year failure for the AERI located at the ARM North Slope of Alaska (NSA) Central Facility in Barrow, Alaska, from July 2006-February 2008. The failure resulted in misreporting the state of the hatch in the 'hatchOpen' field within the AERI data files. With this error there is no simple solution to translate what was reported back to the correct hatch status, thereby making it difficult for an analysis to determine when the AERI was actually viewing the sky. As only the data collected when the hatch is fully open are scientifically useful, an algorithm was developed to determine whether the hatch was open or closed based on spectral radiance data from the AERI. Determining if the hatch is open or closed in a scene with low clouds is non-trivial, as low opaque clouds may look very similar spectrally as the closed hatch. This algorithm used a backpropagation neural network; these types of neural networks have been used with increasing frequency in atmospheric science applications.

Zwink, AB; Turner, DD

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

465

Greater Sage-Grouse Habitat Use and Population Demographics at the Simpson Ridge Wind Resource Area, Carbon County, Wyoming  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was conducted to obtain baseline data on use of the proposed Simpson Ridge Wind Resource Area (SRWRA) in Carbon County, Wyoming by greater sage-grouse. The first two study years were designed to determine pre-construction seasonally selected habitats and population-level vital rates (productivity and survival). The presence of an existing wind energy facility in the project area, the PacifiCorp Seven Mile Hill (SMH) project, allowed us to obtain some information on initial sage-grouse response to wind turbines the first two years following construction. To our knowledge these are the first quantitative data on sage-grouse response to an existing wind energy development. This report presents results of the first two study years (April 1, 2009 through March 30, 2011). This study was selected for continued funding by the National Wind Coordinating Collaborative Sage-Grouse Collaborative (NWCC-SGC) and has been ongoing since March 30, 2011. Future reports summarizing results of this research will be distributed through the NWCC-SGC. To investigate population trends through time, we determined the distribution and numbers of males using leks throughout the study area, which included a 4-mile radius buffer around the SRWRA. Over the 2-year study, 116 female greater sage-grouse were captured by spotlighting and use of hoop nets on roosts surrounding leks during the breeding period. Radio marked birds were located anywhere from twice a week to once a month, depending on season. All radio-locations were classified to season. We developed predictor variables used to predict success of fitness parameters and relative probability of habitat selection within the SRWRA and SMH study areas. Anthropogenic features included paved highways, overhead transmission lines, wind turbines and turbine access roads. Environmental variables included vegetation and topography features. Home ranges were estimated using a kernel density estimator. We developed resource selection functions (RSF) to estimate probability of selection within the SRWRA and SMH. Fourteen active greater sage-grouse leks were documented during lek surveys Mean lek size decreased from 37 in 2008 to 22 in 2010. Four leks located 0.61, 1.3, 1.4 and 2.5 km from the nearest wind turbine remained active throughout the study, but the total number of males counted on these four leks decreased from 162 the first year prior to construction (2008), to 97 in 2010. Similar lek declines were noted in regional leks not associated with wind energy development throughout Carbon County. We obtained 2,659 sage-grouse locations from radio-equipped females, which were used to map use of each project area by season. The sage-grouse populations within both study areas are relatively non-migratory, as radio-marked sage-grouse used similar areas during all annual life cycles. Potential impacts to sage-grouse from wind energy infrastructure are not well understood. The data rom this study provide insight into the early interactions of wind energy infrastructure and sage-grouse. Nest success and brood-rearing success were not statistically different between areas with and without wind energy development in the short-term. Nest success also was not influenced by anthropogenic features such as turbines in the short-term. Additionally, female survival was similar among both study areas, suggesting wind energy infrastructure was not impacting female survival in the short-term; however, further analysis is needed to identify habitats with different levels of risk to better understand the impact of wind enregy development on survival. Nest and brood-rearing habitat selection were not influenced by turbines in the short-term; however, summer habitat selection occurred within habitats closer to wind turbines. Major roads were avoided in both study areas and during most of the seasons. The impact of transmission lines varied among study areas, suggesting other landscape features may be influencing selection. The data provided in this report are preliminary and are not meant to provide a basis for fo

Gregory D. Johnson; Chad W. LeBeau; Ryan Nielsen; Troy Rintz; Jamey Eddy; Matt Holloran

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

466

Very blue UV-continuum slopes of low luminosity z~7 galaxies from WFC3/IR: Evidence for extremely low metallicities?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the ultra-deep WFC3/IR data over the HUDF and the Early Release Science WFC3/IR data over the CDF-South GOODS field to quantify the broadband spectral properties of star-forming galaxies at z~7. We determine the UV-continuum slope beta in these galaxies, and compare the slopes with galaxies at later times to measure the evolution in beta. For luminous L*(z=3) galaxies, we measure a mean UV-continuum slope beta of -2.0+/-0.2, which is comparable to the beta~-2 derived at similar luminosities at z~5-6. However, for the lower luminosity 0.1L*(z=3) galaxies, we measure a mean beta of -3.0+/-0.2. This is substantially bluer than is found for similar luminosity galaxies at z~4, just 800 Myr later, and even at z~5-6. In principle, the observed beta of -3.0 can be matched by a very young, dust-free stellar population, but when nebular emission is included the expected beta becomes >~-2.7. To produce these very blue beta's (i.e., beta~-3), extremely low metallicities and mechanisms to reduce the red nebular emi...

Bouwens, R J; Oesch, P A; Trenti, M; Stiavelli, M; Carollo, M; Franx, M; Van Dokkum, P G; Labbé, I; Magee, D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Clustering of Lyman Break Galaxies at z=4 and 5 in The Subaru Deep Field: Luminosity Dependence of The Correlation Function Slope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explored the clustering properties of Lyman Break Galaxies (LBGs) at z=4 and 5 with an angular two-point correlation function on the basis of the very deep and wide Subaru Deep Field data. We found an apparent dependence of the correlation function slope on UV luminosity for LBGs at both z=4 and 5. More luminous LBGs have a steeper correlation function. To compare these observational results, we constructed numerical mock LBG catalogs based on a semianalytic model of hierarchical clustering combined with high-resolution N-body simulation, carefully mimicking the observational selection effects. The luminosity functions for LBGs predicted by this mock catalog were found to be almost consistent with the observation. Moreover, the overall correlation functions of LBGs were reproduced reasonably well. The observed dependence of the clustering on UV luminosity was not reproduced by the model, unless subsamples of distinct halo mass were considered. That is, LBGs belonging to more massive dark haloes had steeper and larger-amplitude correlation functions. With this model, we found that LBG multiplicity in massive dark halos amplifies the clustering strength at small scales, which steepens the slope of the correlation function. The hierarchical clustering model could therefore be reconciled with the observed luminosity-dependence of the angular correlation function, if there is a tight correlation between UV luminosity and halo mass. Our finding that the slope of the correlation function depends on luminosity could be an indication that massive dark halos hosted multiple bright LBGs (abridged).

Nobunari Kashikawa; Makiko Yoshida; Kazuhiro Shimasaku; Masahiro Nagashima; Hideki Yahagi; Masami Ouchi; Yuichi Matsuda; Matthew A. Malkan; Mamoru Doi; Masanori Iye; the SDF team

2005-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

468

Dispersion Parameters over Forested Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A unique set of micrometeorological data was obtained during a 1967–70 multidisciplinary environmental field program in a tropical forest environment. The program was under the sponsorship of the Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) and was ...

R. T. Pinker; J. Z. Holland

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Thuderstorm-Producing Terrain Features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thunderstorms were traced back to their initiation sites to determine areas of repeated thunderstorm genesis over the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of Colorado and New Mexico. Using three summers of GOES data it was found that genesis-zone activity ...

Crystal Barker Schaaf; Robert M. Banta; Joshua Wurman

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

The Disruption of Vessel-Spanning Bubbles with Sloped Fins in Flat-Bottom and 2:1 Elliptical-Bottom Vessels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Radioactive sludge was generated in the K-East Basin and K-West Basin fuel storage pools at the Hanford Site while irradiated uranium metal fuel elements from the N Reactor were being stored and packaged. The fuel has been removed from the K Basins, and currently, the sludge resides in the KW Basin in large underwater Engineered Containers. The first phase to the Sludge Treatment Project being led by CH2MHILL Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC) is to retrieve and load the sludge into sludge transport and storage containers (STSCs) and transport the sludge to T Plant for interim storage. The STSCs will be stored inside T Plant cells that are equipped with secondary containment and leak-detection systems. The sludge is composed of a variety of particulate materials and water, including a fraction of reactive uranium metal particles that are a source of hydrogen gas. If a situation occurs where the reactive uranium metal particles settle out at the bottom of a container, previous studies have shown that a vessel-spanning gas layer above the uranium metal particles can develop and can push the overlying layer of sludge upward. The major concern, in addition to the general concern associated with the retention and release of a flammable gas such as hydrogen, is that if a vessel-spanning bubble (VSB) forms in an STSC, it may drive the overlying sludge material to the vents at the top of the container. Then it may be released from the container into the cell’s secondary containment system at T Plant. A previous study demonstrated that sloped walls on vessels, both cylindrical coned-shaped vessels and rectangular vessels with rounded ends, provided an effective approach for disrupting a VSB by creating a release path for gas as a VSB began to rise. Based on the success of sloped-wall vessels, a similar concept is investigated here where a sloped fin is placed inside the vessel to create a release path for gas. A key potential advantage of using a sloped fin compared to a vessel with a sloped wall is that a small fin decreases the volume of a vessel available for sludge storage by a very small fraction compared to a cone-shaped vessel. The purpose of this study is to quantify the capability of sloped fins to disrupt VSBs and to conduct sufficient tests to estimate the performance of fins in full-scale STSCs. Experiments were conducted with a range of fin shapes to determine what slope and width were sufficient to disrupt VSBs. Additional tests were conducted to demonstrate how the fin performance scales with the sludge layer thickness and the sludge strength, density, and vessel diameter based on the gravity yield parameter, which is a dimensionless ratio of the force necessary to yield the sludge to its weight.( ) Further experiments evaluated the difference between vessels with flat and 2:1 elliptical bottoms and a number of different simulants, including the KW container sludge simulant (complete), which was developed to match actual K-Basin sludge. Testing was conducted in 5-in., 10-in., and 23-in.-diameter vessels to quantify how fin performance is impacted by the size of the test vessel. The most significant results for these scale-up tests are the trend in how behavior changes with vessel size and the results from the 23-in. vessel. The key objective in evaluating fin performance is to determine the conditions that minimize the volume of a VSB when disruption occurs because this reduces the potential for material inside the STSC from being released through vents.

Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Buchmiller, William C.; Jenks, Jeromy WJ; Chun, Jaehun; Russell, Renee L.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Mastor, Michael M.

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

471

Predictability of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index in Kenya and Potential Applications as an Indicator of Rift Valley Fever Outbreaks in the Greater Horn of Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the progress made in producing predictions of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) over Kenya in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) for the October–December (OND) season is discussed. Several studies have identified a ...

Matayo Indeje; M. Neil Ward; Laban J. Ogallo; Glyn Davies; Maxx Dilley; Assaf Anyamba

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Temperate Mountain Glacier-Melting Rates for the Period 2001–30: Estimates from Three Coupled GCM Simulations for the Greater Himalayas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The temperate glaciers in the greater Himalayas (GH) and the neighboring region contribute to the freshwater supply for almost one-half of the people on earth. Under global warming conditions, the GH glaciers may melt more rapidly than high-...

Diandong Ren; David J. Karoly; Lance M. Leslie

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Advanced Oil Recovery Technologies for Improved Recovery from Slope Basin Clastic Reservoirs, Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool, Eddy County, NM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nash Draw Brushy Canyon Pool in Eddy County New Mexico was a cost-shared field demonstration project in the U.S. Department of Energy Class III Program. A major goal of the Class III Program was to stimulate the use of advanced technologies to increase ultimate recovery from slope-basin clastic reservoirs. Advanced characterization techniques were used at the Nash Draw Pool (NDP) project to develop reservoir management strategies for optimizing oil recovery from this Delaware reservoir. The objective of the project was to demonstrate that a development program, which was based on advanced reservoir management methods, could significantly improve oil recovery at the NDP. Initial goals were (1) to demonstrate that an advanced development drilling and pressure maintenance program can significantly improve oil recovery compared to existing technology applications and (2) to transfer these advanced methodologies to other oil and gas producers. Analysis, interpretation, and integration of recently acquired geological, geophysical, and engineering data revealed that the initial reservoir characterization was too simplistic to capture the critical features of this complex formation. Contrary to the initial characterization, a new reservoir description evolved that provided sufficient detail regarding the complexity of the Brushy Canyon interval at Nash Draw. This new reservoir description was used as a risk reduction tool to identify 'sweet spots' for a development drilling program as well as to evaluate pressure maintenance strategies. The reservoir characterization, geological modeling, 3-D seismic interpretation, and simulation studies have provided a detailed model of the Brushy Canyon zones. This model was used to predict the success of different reservoir management scenarios and to aid in determining the most favorable combination of targeted drilling, pressure maintenance, well stimulation, and well spacing to improve recovery from this reservoir. An Advanced Log Analysis technique developed from the NDP project has proven useful in defining additional productive zones and refining completion techniques. This program proved to be especially helpful in locating and evaluating potential recompletion intervals, which has resulted in low development costs with only small incremental increases in lifting costs. To develop additional reserves at lower costs, zones behind pipe in existing wells were evaluated using techniques developed for the Brushy Canyon interval. These techniques were used to complete uphole zones in thirteen of the NDP wells. A total of 14 recompletions were done: four during 1999, four during 2000, two during 2001, and four during 2002-2003. These workovers added reserves of 332,304 barrels of oil (BO) and 640,363 MCFG (thousand cubic feet of gas) at an overall weighted average development cost of $1.87 per BOE (barrel of oil equivalent). A pressure maintenance pilot project in a developed area of the field was not conducted because the pilot area was pressure depleted, and the reservoir in that area was found to be compartmentalized and discontinuous. Economic analyses and simulation studies indicated that immiscible injection of lean hydrocarbon gas for pressure maintenance was not warranted at the NDP and would need to be considered for implementation in similar fields very soon after production has started. Simulation studies suggested that the injection of miscible carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) could recover significant quantities of oil at the NDP, but a source of low-cost CO{sub 2} was not available in the area. Results from the project indicated that further development will be under playa lakes and potash areas that were beyond the regions covered by well control and are not accessible with vertical wells. These areas, covered by 3-D seismic surveys that were obtained as part of the project, were accessed with combinations of deviated/horizontal wells. Three directional/horizontal wells have been drilled and completed to develop reserves under surface-restricted areas and potash mines. The third

Mark B. Murphy

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

474

Resource Characterization and Quantification of Natural Gas-Hydrate and Associated Free-Gas Accumulations in the Prudhoe Bay - Kuparuk River Area on the North Slope of Alaska  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas hydrates have long been considered a nuisance by the petroleum industry. Hydrates have been hazards to drilling crews, with blowouts a common occurrence if not properly accounted for in drilling plans. In gas pipelines, hydrates have formed plugs if gas was not properly dehydrated. Removing these plugs has been an expensive and time-consuming process. Recently, however, due to the geologic evidence indicating that in situ hydrates could potentially be a vast energy resource of the future, research efforts have been undertaken to explore how natural gas from hydrates might be produced. This study investigates the relative permeability of methane and brine in hydrate-bearing Alaska North Slope core samples. In February 2007, core samples were taken from the Mt. Elbert site situated between the Prudhoe Bay and Kuparuk oil fields on the Alaska North Slope. Core plugs from those core samples have been used as a platform to form hydrates and perform unsteady-steady-state displacement relative permeability experiments. The absolute permeability of Mt. Elbert core samples determined by Omni Labs was also validated as part of this study. Data taken with experimental apparatuses at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, ConocoPhillips laboratories at the Bartlesville Technology Center, and at the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation's facilities in Anchorage, Alaska, provided the basis for this study. This study finds that many difficulties inhibit the ability to obtain relative permeability data in porous media-containing hydrates. Difficulties include handling unconsolidated cores during initial core preparation work, forming hydrates in the core in such a way that promotes flow of both brine and methane, and obtaining simultaneous two-phase flow of brine and methane necessary to quantify relative permeability using unsteady-steady-state displacement methods.

Shirish Patil; Abhijit Dandekar

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

475

Application of Advanced Reservoir Characterization, Simulation, and Production Optimization Strategies to Maximize Recovery in Slope and Basin Clastic Reservoirs, West Texas (Delaware Basin), Class III  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this Class III project was demonstrate that reservoir characterization and enhanced oil recovery (EOR) by CO2 flood can increase production from slope and basin clastic reservoirs in sandstones of the Delaware Mountain Group in the Delaware Basin of West Texas and New Mexico. Phase 1 of the project, reservoir characterization, focused on Geraldine Ford and East Ford fields, which are Delaware Mountain Group fields that produce from the upper Bell Canyon Formation (Ramsey sandstone). The demonstration phase of the project was a CO2 flood conducted in East Ford field, which is operated by Orla Petco, Inc., as the East Ford unit.

Dutton, Shirley P.; Flanders, William A.

2001-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

476

EIS-0375: Disposal of Greater-than-Class-C Low-Level Radioactive Waste and Department of Energy GTCC-like Waste  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS evaluates the reasonably foreseeable environmental impacts associated with the proposed development, operation, and long-term management of a disposal facility or facilities for Greater-Than-Class C (GTCC) low-level radioactive waste and GTCC-like waste. The Environmental Protection Agency is a cooperating agency in the preparation of this EIS.

477

Phase Behavior, Solid Organic Precipitation, and Mobility Characterization Studies in Support of Enhanced Heavy Oil Recovery on the Alaska North Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The medium-heavy oil (viscous oil) resources in the Alaska North Slope are estimated at 20 to 25 billion barrels. These oils are viscous, flow sluggishly in the formations, and are difficult to recover. Recovery of this viscous oil requires carefully designed enhanced oil recovery processes. Success of these recovery processes is critically dependent on accurate knowledge of the phase behavior and fluid properties, especially viscosity, of these oils under variety of pressure and temperature conditions. This project focused on predicting phase behavior and viscosity of viscous oils using equations of state and semi-empirical correlations. An experimental study was conducted to quantify the phase behavior and physical properties of viscous oils from the Alaska North Slope oil field. The oil samples were compositionally characterized by the simulated distillation technique. Constant composition expansion and differential liberation tests were conducted on viscous oil samples. Experiment results for phase behavior and reservoir fluid properties were used to tune the Peng-Robinson equation of state and predict the phase behavior accurately. A comprehensive literature search was carried out to compile available compositional viscosity models and their modifications, for application to heavy or viscous oils. With the help of meticulously amassed new medium-heavy oil viscosity data from experiments, a comparative study was conducted to evaluate the potential of various models. The widely used corresponding state viscosity model predictions deteriorate when applied to heavy oil systems. Hence, a semi-empirical approach (the Lindeloff model) was adopted for modeling the viscosity behavior. Based on the analysis, appropriate adjustments have been suggested: the major one is the division of the pressure-viscosity profile into three distinct regions. New modifications have improved the overall fit, including the saturated viscosities at low pressures. However, with the limited amount of geographically diverse data, it is not possible to develop a comprehensive predictive model. Based on the comprehensive phase behavior analysis of Alaska North Slope crude oil, a reservoir simulation study was carried out to evaluate the performance of a gas injection enhanced oil recovery technique for the West Sak reservoir. It was found that a definite increase in viscous oil production can be obtained by selecting the proper injectant gas and by optimizing reservoir operating parameters. A comparative analysis is provided, which helps in the decision-making process.

Shirish Patil; Abhijit Dandekar; Santanu Khataniar

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

478

Optimum Cycle Length and Discharge Burnup for Nuclear Fuel: Phase II: Results Achievable with Enrichments Greater than 5 w/o  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Core reload design and economic analyses show that both pressurized water reactors (PWRs) and boiling water reactors (BWRs) can derive significant benefits by increasing their discharge burnups above the currently licensed values. Phase I of this study demonstrated that achieving optimum economics requires fuel with enrichments greater than the current limit of 5 w/o. Results from the current Phase II study show that fuel with higher enrichments (up to 6 w/o) further reduces costs and increases burnups i...

2002-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

479

DOE/EA-1596: Finding of No Significant Impact for Belfield to Rhame Transmission Line Project Stark, Slope, and Bowman Counties, North Dakota (02/18/09)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION UPPER GREAT PLAINS CUSTOMER SERVICE REGION FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT Belfield to Rhame Transmission Line Project Stark, Slope, and Bowman Counties, North Dakota DOEIEA-1596 AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Western Area Power Administration (Western) ACTION: Finding of No Significant Impact SUMMARY: Basin Electric Power Cooperative (Basin) has requested to interconnect their proposed new Belfield to Rhame 230-kilovolt (kV) transmission line and new Rhame Substation (Project) to the Western Area Power Administration's (Western) transmission system at Western's existing Belfield Substation. Under its Open Access Transmission Service Tariff (Tariff), Western is required to respond to Basin's interconnection requests. Western's Tariff

480

Application of advanced reservoir characterization, simulation, and production optimization strategies to maximize recovery in slope and basin clastic reservoirs, West Texas (Delaware Basin), Class III  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this Class 3 project was to demonstrate that detailed reservoir characterization of slope and basin clastic reservoirs in sandstones of the Delaware Mountain Group in the Delaware Basin of West Texas and New Mexico is a cost effective way to recover a higher percentage of the original oil in place through strategic placement of infill wells and geologically based field development. Phase 1 of the project, reservoir characterization, was completed this year, and Phase 2 began. The project is focused on East Ford field, a representative Delaware Mountain Group field that produces from the upper Bell Canyon Formation (Ramsey sandstone). The field, discovered in 1960, is operated by Oral Petco, Inc., as the East Ford unit. A CO{sub 2} flood is being conducted in the unit, and this flood is the Phase 2 demonstration for the project.

Dutton, Shirley P.; Flanders, William A.; Zirczy, Helena H.

2000-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "terrain slope greater" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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481

A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of overt letter verbal fluency using a clustered acquisition sequence: greater anterior cingulate activation with increased task demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional cerebral activation during a cognitive task can vary with task demand and task performance. In a functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we examined the effect of manipulating task demand on activation during verbal fluency by using “easy ” and “hard ” letters. A “clustered ” image acquisition sequence allowed overt verbal responses to be made in the absence of scanner noise which facilitated “online” measurement of task performance. Eleven righthanded, healthy male volunteers participated. Twice as many errors were produced with hard as with easy letters (20.8 ? 13.6 and 10.1 ? 10.7 % errors, respectively). For both conditions, the distribution of regional activation was comparable to that reported in studies of covert verbal fluency, but with greater engagement of subcortical areas. The hard condition was associated with greater dorsal anterior cingulate activation than the easy condition. This may reflect the greater demands of the former, particularly in terms of arousal responses with increased task difficulty and the monitoring of potential response errors. © 2002 Elsevier Science (USA)

Cynthia H. Y. Fu; Kevin Morgan; John Suckling; Steve C. R. Williams; Chris Andrew; Goparlen N. Vythelingum; Philip K. Mcguire

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Evaluation of a deposit in the vicinity of the PBU L-106 Site, North Slope, Alaska, for a potential long-term test of gas production from hydrates  

SciTech Connect

As part of the effort to investigate the technical feasibility of gas production from hydrate deposits, a long-term field test (lasting 18-24 months) is under consideration in a project led by the U.S. Department of Energy. We evaluate a candidate deposit involving the C-Unit in the vicinity of the PBU-L106 site in North Slope, Alaska. This deposit is stratigraphically bounded by impermeable shale top and bottom boundaries (Class 3), and is characterized by high intrinsic permeabilities, high porosity, high hydrate saturation, and a hydrostatic pressure distribution. The C-unit deposit is composed of two hydrate-bearing strata separated by a 30-ft-thick shale interlayer, and its temperatrure across its boundaries ranges between 5 and 6.5 C. We investigate by means of numerical simulation involving very fine grids the production potential of these two deposits using both vertical and horizontal wells. We also explore the sensitivity of production to key parameters such as the hydrate saturation, the formation permeability, and the permeability of the bounding shale layers. Finally, we compare the production performance of the C-Unit at the PBU-L106 site to that of the D-Unit accumulation at the Mount Elbert site, a thinner, single-layer Class 3 deposit on the North Slope of Alaska that is shallower, less-pressurized and colder (2.3-2.6 C). The results indicate that production from horizontal wells may be orders of magnitude larger than that from vertical ones. Additionally, production increases with the formation permeability, and with a decreasing permeability of the boundaries. The effect of the hydrate saturation on production is complex and depends on the time frame of production. Because of higher production, the PBU-L106 deposit appears to have an advantage as a candidate for the long-term test.

Moridis, G.J.; Reagan, M.T.; Boyle, K.L.; Zhang, K.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Geochemical assessment of gaseous hydrocarbons: mixing of bacterial and thermogenic methane in the deep subsurface petroleum system, Gulf of Mexico continental slope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mixtures of bacterial and thermogenic methane are found both at vents at the seafloor and in reservoirs in the deep subsurface of the Gulf of Mexico continental slope. The C1-C5 gas that most recently charged reservoirs of Jolliet (GC 184), Genesis (GC 160/161) and Petronius (VK 786) fields is estimated to include 17%-28%, 31%-51%, 31%-49% bacterial methane, respectively. Geochemical assessment of the reservoir gas in the fields show that the gas may be the product of thermal cracking of Upper Jurassic crude oil before final migration to the reservoirs. The gas from three different fields is of similar thermal maturity levels. In contrast to oil in reservoirs in the fields, which shows biodegradation effects, the C1-C5 reservoir gas is unaltered by biodegradation. Late gas migration may have occurred at or near present burial depth and flushed the reservoir system of previously biodegraded hydrocarbon gas to include any previous bacterial methane. Molecular and isotopic properties of reservoir gas and oil suggest that bacterial methane mixed with thermogenic hydrocarbon gas before entering the reservoirs. Thus the source of the bacterial methane is logically deeper than the present depth (>~4 km) and temperatures of the reservoirs. High sedimentation rate and low geothermal gradient may offer conditions favorable for generation and preservation of bacterial methane in deep subsurface petroleum system of the Gulf slope. Bacterial methane dispersed across the large drainage areas of the deep subsurface petroleum system may have been swept by migrating fluids at >4 km, and then charged both vents (GC 185, GC 233 and GC 286) at the seafloor and reservoirs in the deep subsurface. The volume of bacterial methane from geologically significant depth in rapidly subsiding basins may be underestimated.

Ozgul, Ercin

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Assessment of costs and benefits of flexible and alternative fuel use in the US transportation sector. Technical report twelve: Economic analysis of alternative uses for Alaskan North Slope natural gas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of the Altemative Fuels Assessment, the Department of Energy (DOE) is studying the use of derivatives of natural gas, including compressed natural gas and methanol, as altemative transportation fuels. A critical part of this effort is determining potential sources of natural gas and the economics of those sources. Previous studies in this series characterized the economics of unutilized gas within the lower 48 United States, comparing its value for methanol production against its value as a pipelined fuel (US Department of Energy 1991), and analyzed the costs of developing undeveloped nonassociated gas reserves in several countries (US Department of Energy 1992c). This report extends those analyses to include Alaskan North Slope natural gas that either is not being produced or is being reinjected. The report includes the following: A description of discovered and potential (undiscovered) quantities of natural gas on the Alaskan North Slope. A discussion of proposed altemative uses for Alaskan North Slope natural gas. A comparison of the economics of the proposed alternative uses for Alaskan North Slope natural gas. The purpose of this report is to illustrate the costs of transporting Alaskan North Slope gas to markets in the lower 48 States as pipeline gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), or methanol. It is not intended to recommend one alternative over another or to evaluate the relative economics or timing of using North Slope gas in new tertiary oil recovery projects. The information is supplied in sufficient detail to allow incorporation of relevant economic relationships (for example, wellhead gas prices and transportation costs) into the Altemative Fuels Trade Model, the analytical framework DOE is using to evaluate various policy options.

Not Available

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

NSLS Industrial User Enhancement Plan The overall goal of this plan for enhancing the NSLS Industrial Users' Program is to encourage greater  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industrial User Enhancement Plan Industrial User Enhancement Plan The overall goal of this plan for enhancing the NSLS Industrial Users' Program is to encourage greater use of synchrotron tools by industry researchers, improve access to NSLS beamlines by industrial researchers, and facilitate research collaborations between industrial researchers and NSLS staff, as well as researchers from university and government laboratories. The implementation of this plan will also involve modifications of the existing user access policy. The plan includes the following major elements: Improve the NSLS proposal review system:  Proposal rating review criteria has been modified to reflect the importance of technology

486

Greater-than-Class C low-level radioactive waste characterization. Appendix A-1: Nuclear utility data outputs from the GNUPS database  

SciTech Connect

The Greater-Than-Class C Nuclear Utility Projections System (GNUPS) was developed as a database for the GTCC LLW Program to estimate future volumes and radionuclide activities of nuclear utility GTCC LLW. Detailed printouts from the GNUPS database are presented in this appendix. The GNUPS projects nuclear utility volumes and activities for three cases: low, base, and high. In addition, the projections can be adjusted to account for the effects of packaging, concentration averaging, and plant operating lifetime. A brief description of how the GNUPS performs calculations of volumes and activities is given.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Enhanced Hall slope in wide AlxGax-1As parabolic wells A. M. Ortiz de Zevallos, N. C. Mamani, G. M. Gusev, A. A. Quivy, and T. E. Lamas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhanced Hall slope in wide AlxGax-1As parabolic wells A. M. Ortiz de Zevallos, N. C. Mamani, G. M report measurements of the Hall effect in 1000­4000 � wide AlxGax-1As parabolic wells with quasi- two resistance for wide parabolic wells is found to be enhanced when the temperature decreases. We attribute

Gusev, Guennady

488

UV-Continuum Slopes of >4000 z~4-8 Galaxies from the HUDF/XDF, HUDF09, ERS, CANDELS-South, and CANDELS-North Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We measure the UV-continuum slope beta for over 4000 high-redshift galaxies over a wide range of redshifts z~4-8 and luminosities from the HST HUDF/XDF, HUDF09-1, HUDF09-2, ERS, CANDELS-N, and CANDELS-S data sets. Our new beta results reach very faint levels at z~4 (-15.5 mag: 0.006 L*(z=3)), z~5 (-16.5 mag: 0.014L*(z=3)), and z~6 and z~7 (-17 mag: 0.025 L*(z=3)). Inconsistencies between previous studies led us to conduct a comprehensive review of systematic errors and develop a new technique for measuring beta that is robust against biases that arise from the impact of noise. We demonstrate, by object-by-object comparisons, that all previous studies, including our own and those done on the latest HUDF12 dataset, suffer from small systematic errors in beta. We find that after correcting for the systematic errors (typically d(beta) ~0.1-0.2) all beta results at z~7 from different groups are in excellent agreement. The mean beta we measure for faint (-18 mag: 0.1L*(z=3)) z~4, z~5, z~6, and z~7 galaxies is -2.03...

Bouwens, R J; Oesch, P A; Labbe, I; van Dokkum, P G; Trenti, M; Franx, M; Smit, R; Gonzalez, V; Magee, D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Measurement of |Vcb| and the Form-Factor Slope in Bbar -> Dlnu Decays in Events Tagged by a Fully Reconstructed B Meson  

SciTech Connect

We present a measurement of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element |V{sub cb}| and the form-factor slope {rho}{sup 2} in {bar B} {yields} D{ell}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {ell}} decays based on 460 million B{bar B} events recorded at the {Gamma}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector. {bar B} {yields} D{ell}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {ell}} decays are selected in events in which a hadronic decay of the second B meson is fully reconstructed. We measure the differential decay rate and determine G(1)|V{sub cb}| = (43.0 {+-} 1.9 {+-} 1.4) x 10{sup -3} and {rho}{sup 2} = 1.20 {+-}0.09 {+-} 0.04, where G(1) is the hadronic form factor at the point of zero recoil. We also determine the exclusive branching fractions and find {Beta}(B{sup -} {yields} D{sup 0} {ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}) = (2.31 {+-} 0.08 {+-} 0.09)% and {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} D{sup +} {ell}{sup -} {bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}) = (2.23 {+-} 0.11 {+-} 0.11)%.

Aubert, Bernard; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

490

Source Characterization and Temporal Variation of Methane Seepage from Thermokarst Lakes on the Alaska North Slope in Response to Arctic Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goals of this research were to characterize the source, magnitude and temporal variability of methane seepage from thermokarst lakes (TKL) within the Alaska North Slope gas hydrate province, assess the vulnerability of these areas to ongoing and future arctic climate change and determine if gas hydrate dissociation resulting from permafrost melting is contributing to the current lake emissions. Analyses were focused on four main lake locations referred to in this report: Lake Qalluuraq (referred to as Lake Q) and Lake Teshekpuk (both on Alaska?s North Slope) and Lake Killarney and Goldstream Bill Lake (both in Alaska?s interior). From analyses of gases coming from lakes in Alaska, we showed that ecological seeps are common in Alaska and they account for a larger source of atmospheric methane today than geologic subcap seeps. Emissions from the geologic source could increase with potential implications for climate warming feedbacks. Our analyses of TKL sites showing gas ebullition were complemented with geophysical surveys, providing important insight about the distribution of shallow gas in the sediments and the lake bottom manifestation of seepage (e.g., pockmarks). In Lake Q, Chirp data were limited in their capacity to image deeper sediments and did not capture the thaw bulb. The failure to capture the thaw bulb at Lake Q may in part be related to the fact that the present day lake is a remnant of an older, larger, and now-partially drained lake. These suggestions are consistent with our analyses of a dated core of sediment from the lake that shows that a wetland has been present at the site of Lake Q since approximately 12,000 thousand years ago. Chemical analyses of the core indicate that the availability of methane at the site has changed during the past and is correlated with past environmental changes (i.e. temperature and hydrology) in the Arctic. Discovery of methane seeps in Lake Teshekpuk in the northernmost part of the lake during 2009 reconnaissance surveys provided a strong impetus to visit this area in 2010. The seismic methods applied in Lake Teshekpuk were able to image pockmarks, widespread shallow gas in the sediments, and the relationship among different sediment packages on the lake?s bottom, but even boomer seismics did not detect permafrost beneath the northern part of the lake. By characterizing the biogeochemistry of shallow TKL with methane seeps we showed that the radical seasonal shifts in ice cover and temperature. These seasonal environmental differences result in distinct consumption and production processes of biologically-relevant compounds. The combined effects of temperature, ice-volume and other lithological factors linked to seepage from the lake are manifest in the distribution of sedimentary methane in Lake Q during icecovered and ice-free conditions. The biogeochemistry results illustrated very active methanotrophy in TKLs. Substantial effort was subsequently made to characterize the nature of methanotrophic communities in TKLs. We applied stable isotope probing approaches to genetically characterize the methanotrophs most active in utilizing methane in TKLs. Our study is the first to identify methane oxidizing organisms active in arctic TKLs, and revealing that type I methanotrophs and type II methanotrophs are abundant and active in assimilating methane in TKLs. These organisms play an important role in limiting the flux of methane from these sites. Our investigations indicate that as temperatures increase in the Arctic, oxidation rates and active methanotrophic populations will also shift. Whether these changes can offset predicted increases in methanogenesis is an important question underlying models of future methane flux and resultant climate change. Overall our findings indicate that TKLs and their ability to act as both source and sink of methane are exceedingly sensitive to environmental change.